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  1. Social media networking: Facebook and Twitter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, Andrew; Jackson, Rem; Baum, Neil

    2010-01-01

    The new wave of marketing and practice promotion will include social media networking. This article will discuss Facebook and Twitter. After reading this article you, will have an understanding of these two important aspects of social media and how you might use Facebook and Twitter in your practice to enhance your communication with your existing patients and attract new patients.

  2. Facebook vs. Twitter: Battle of the Social Network Stars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tagtmeier, Curt

    2010-01-01

    Twitter. Facebook. These names stir up feelings, opinions, and experiences in just about everyone. As these services rise in popularity, libraries have begun to use them to reach out to patrons. Some libraries use Twitter but not Facebook. Some use Facebook but not Twitter. Some use both Facebook and Twitter, while others use neither. Yes, the…

  3. Facebook and Twitter For Seniors For Dummies

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    Collier, Marsha

    2010-01-01

    A fun and easy social media guide for the over-55 set. People over 55 were the fastest-growing user group on Facebook in the first half of 2009, and they're flocking to Twitter at a faster rate than their under-20 grandchildren. From basic information about establishing an Internet connection to rediscovering old friends, sharing messages and photos, and keeping in touch instantly with Twitter, this book by online expert Marsha Collier helps seniors jump right into social media.: Seniors are recognizing the communication possibilities of Facebook and Twitter and are signing up in record number

  4. Facebook & Twitter for seniors for dummies

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    Collier, Marsha

    2014-01-01

    New to social media? This easy-to-use guide will get you started in no time! Social media is a ton of fun, and this updated guide makes it easy to set up a Facebook or Twitter account to catch up with old friends, communicate with your family, and enjoy your online experience. You'll get hands-on guidance to connecting to the Internet with a computer or mobile device, creating social media accounts and profiles, searching for friends, joining groups, sharing photos and videos, and more. If you're one of the 100+ million seniors using Facebook or other social media sites, this 2nd Edition of Fa

  5. Ophthalmology on social networking sites: an observational study of Facebook, Twitter, and LinkedIn

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Micieli JA

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Jonathan A Micieli,1 Edmund Tsui2 1Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada; 2Department of Surgery, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, NH, USA Background: The use of social media in ophthalmology remains largely unknown. Our aim was to evaluate the extent and involvement of ophthalmology journals, professional associations, trade publications, and patient advocacy and fundraising groups on social networking sites. Methods: An archived list of 107 ophthalmology journals from SCImago, trade publications, professional ophthalmology associations, and patient advocacy organizations were searched for their presence on Facebook, Twitter, and LinkedIn. Activity and popularity of each account was quantified by using the number of “likes” on Facebook, the number of followers on Twitter, and members on LinkedIn. Results: Of the 107 journals ranked by SCImago, 21.5% were present on Facebook and 18.7% were present on Twitter. Journal of Community Eye Health was the most popular on Facebook and JAMA Ophthalmology was most popular on Twitter. Among the 133 members of the International Council of Ophthalmology, 17.3% were present on Facebook, 12.8% were present on Twitter, and 7.5% were present on LinkedIn. The most popular on Facebook was the International Council of Ophthalmology, and the American Academy of Ophthalmology was most popular on Twitter and LinkedIn. Patient advocacy organizations were more popular on all sites compared with journals, professional association, and trade publications. Among the top ten most popular pages in each category, patient advocacy groups were most active followed by trade publications, professional associations, and journals. Conclusion: Patient advocacy groups lead the way in social networking followed by professional organizations and journals. Although some journals use social media, most have yet to engage its full potential and maximize the number of

  6. Facebook versus Twitter: Which one is more credible in a South African context?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim L. Viljoen

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Studies conducted have shown that half of the South African population uses either or both Facebook and Twitter social networking sites for social satisfaction and for the evaluation of products and purchase decisions. This is a direct result of the continuous technological advancements worldwide and the permeative nature of social media.Objective: The focus of this study is to evaluate the credibility of Facebook and Twitter messages while establishing which of the mediums is perceived as more believable by consumers. The results of this research direct information technology practitioners, business managers, business owners, and marketing managers on the viability of these communication mediums.Method: A positivistic paradigm was used in this study through the use of a descriptive research design which consisted of a survey of 446 respondents located in East London, Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. Respondents were either selected randomly or through convenience sampling and were between age 18 and 55.Results: It was established that both Facebook and Twitter are significantly related to the independent variable of ‘intention to purchase’, with Twitter having a stronger correlation with the independent variable than Facebook. The context of the study was set in relation to the purchase intention of specific mobile phone brands.Conclusion: Based on these results, it can be concluded that Twitter electronic word-of-mouth can be considered to be more credible than Facebook electronic word-of-mouth; thus this should be considered when advertising or promoting products via these mediums.

  7. Engaging with European Politics through Twitter and Facebook

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    Bossetta, Michael; Dutceac Segesten, Anamaria; Trenz, Hans-Jörg

    2017-01-01

    , partisan, and moral) and four degrees of engagement (making, commenting, diffusing, and listening). Moreover, we argue that differences in Twitter and Facebook’s “digital architectures” encourage certain styles and degrees of engagement over others, and that the two social platforms sustain different...... levels of transnational activity. Supporting our argument with European cases, we suggest that Twitter is more suitable to fulfill social media’s transnational promise than Facebook, which is better adept at stimulating political participation....

  8. Companies on Facebook and Twitter. Current situation and communication strategies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JÁ Pérez Dasilva

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Given their influence, companies are being forced to integrate social networks in their communication strategies. Objectives. This article aims to provide an overview of the use of Facebook and Twitter by the main commercial brands in Spain and to analyse the communication strategies of the companies that tend to receive more complaints from the public. Method. The study is based on the examination of the social network accounts of the three brands with the highest advertising investment in each of the 15 industry sectors. A total of 5,433 tweets and 3,000 posts were analysed. Conclusions. The study confirmed the massive presence of these companies is the social networks and demonstrated the extreme variability of the number of followers, the traffic and the nature of the information published. However, it was also demonstrated that the use made of the different social networks and the communication strategies required by the different companies are distinguishable and identifiable.

  9. Incorporating Twitter, Instagram, and Facebook in Economics Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Bahrani, Abdullah; Patel, Darshak

    2015-01-01

    Social media is one of the most current and dynamic developments in education. In general, the field of economics has lagged behind other disciplines in incorporating technologies in the classroom. In this article, the authors provide a guide for economics educators on how to incorporate Twitter, Instagram, and Facebook inside and outside of the…

  10. Incorporating Twitter, Instagram, and Facebook in Economics Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Bahrani, Abdullah; Patel, Darshak

    2015-01-01

    Social media is one of the most current and dynamic developments in education. In general, the field of economics has lagged behind other disciplines in incorporating technologies in the classroom. In this article, the authors provide a guide for economics educators on how to incorporate Twitter, Instagram, and Facebook inside and outside of the…

  11. Twitter and Facebook Open the Door to Collaboration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huwe, Terence K.

    2012-01-01

    Building a social media profile itself is a rewarding experience for digital librarians, but there is another aspect to social media immersion, and it is a powerful tool for the profession. As librarians establish expert status in the use of popular tools such as Facebook, Twitter, Tumblr, and WordPress, they can add training and even product…

  12. Facebook and Twitter, communication and shelter, and the 2011 Tuscaloosa tornado.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stokes, Courtney; Senkbeil, Jason C

    2017-01-01

    This paper represents one of the first attempts to analyse the many ways in which Facebook and Twitter were used during a tornado disaster. Comparisons between five randomly selected campus samples and a city of Tuscaloosa, Alabama, sample revealed that campus samples used Facebook and Twitter significantly more both before and after the tornado, but Facebook usage was not significantly different after the event. Furthermore, differences in social media usage and other forms of communication before the tornado were found for age, education, and years lived in Tuscaloosa. Generally, age and education were inversely proportionate to social media usage. Influences on shelter-seeking actions varied between social media users and three random samples of non-social media users; however, it appears that social media respondents were likely to be using a smartphone simultaneously to access warning polygon information, to receive text message alerts, and to listen or respond to environmental cues.

  13. Estrategias de (descortesía en redes sociales: análisis comparativo de Facebook y Twitter

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    Julia Vivas Márquez

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to analyze the (impoliteness present in two popular social networks in Spain, namely Facebook and Twitter, using both quantitative and qualitative comparative studies. To do this, comments made to a publication that contains exactly the same text that was written by the same journalist are analyzed, firstly, on his Facebook profile, and, secondly, on his Twitter profile. In conclusion, a wide use of impoliteness in both social networks has been observed; more specifically, the discursive categories of impoliteness reach 70.66% of the corpus on Facebook, and 60.66% on Twitter, and the discourse on Facebook is generally found to be rather more offensive.

  14. Social Networks as a New Tool of E-Participation in Local: Example of Facebook and Twitter

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    Levent MEMİŞ

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on used “what level” and “how” of Facebook and Twitter tools that giving a new impetus to the process of communication or interaction of organizations and individuals, at the level organizations of municipality and mayors of municipality in the context of participation in local public policy. In this context, at the level of personal, Facebook account of 6 mayor and Twitter account of 12 mayor; at the level organizations, Facebook account of 22 municipality and Twitter account of 22 municipality was analyzed by qualitative content analysis method. According to the overall results of study, in this study were determined; even though problems transmitter / requesting information interactions are come forwarded at personal Twitter accounts, examined social networking accounts have the interaction is limited at considering the number of members on accounts and accounts are used form of encourage the direct involvement, form of transfer information which is considered as a first stage.

  15. Facebook and Twitter in Election Campaigns in Spain

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    Paloma Abejón Mendoza

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available President Barack Obama has launched his re-election campaign by means of a digital video that he has sent over the Internet to 13 million supporters who helped drive his historical campaign in 2008. In the USA social networks are the main vehicles of election campaigns, but in Spain, for now, this is not the case. This aim of this investigation is to analyse the use that the leaders of the main political parties have made of social networks in the last municipal and regional elections held in Spain on 22 May 2011, taking the Madrid Autonomous Region candidates for the PP (People’s Party and PSOE (Socialist Party, Esperanza Aguirre and Tomás Gómez, respectively, as examples. We performed a qualitative and quantitative analysis of all the messages launched by both facebook and twitter and demonstrating the impact of networks on the election results in Spain has been practically nil. Spanish politicians have understood the importance of being in the nets, but they have not understood its true use. 15-M movement through social networks, monopolized the media information about the campaign, but the networks did not affect voting behavior.

  16. A content analysis of chronic diseases social groups on Facebook and Twitter.

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    De la Torre-Díez, Isabel; Díaz-Pernas, Francisco Javier; Antón-Rodríguez, Míriam

    2012-01-01

    Research on the use of social networks for health-related purposes is limited. This study aims to characterize the purpose and use of Facebook and Twitter groups concerning colorectal cancer, breast cancer, and diabetes. We searched in Facebook ( www.facebook.com ) and Twitter ( www.twitter.com ) using the terms "colorectal cancer," "breast cancer," and "diabetes." Each important group has been analyzed by extracting its network name, number of members, interests, and Web site URL. We found 216 breast cancer groups, 171 colorectal cancer groups, and 527 diabetes groups on Facebook and Twitter. The largest percentage of the colorectal cancer groups (25.58%) addresses prevention, similarly to breast cancer, whereas diabetes groups are mainly focused on research issues (25.09%). There are more social groups about breast cancer and diabetes on Facebook (around 82%) than on Twitter (around 18%). Regarding colorectal cancer, the difference is less: Facebook had 62.23%, and Twitter 31.76%. Social networks are a useful tool for supporting patients suffering from these three diseases. Regarding the use of these social networks for disease support purposes, Facebook shows a higher usage rate than Twitter, perhaps because Twitter is newer than Facebook, and its use is not so generalized.

  17. Bibliographic Analysis of Nature Based on Twitter and Facebook Altmetrics Data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xia, Feng; Su, Xiaoyan; Wang, Wei; Zhang, Chenxin; Ning, Zhaolong; Lee, Ivan

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents a bibliographic analysis of Nature articles based on altmetrics. We assess the concern degree of social users on the Nature articles through the coverage analysis of Twitter and Facebook by publication year and discipline. The social media impact of a Nature article is examined by evaluating the mention rates on Twitter and on Facebook. Moreover, the correlation between tweets and citations is analyzed by publication year, discipline and Twitter user type to explore factors affecting the correlation. The results show that Twitter users have a higher concern degree on Nature articles than Facebook users, and Nature articles have higher and faster-growing impact on Twitter than on Facebook. The results also show that tweets and citations are somewhat related, and they mostly measure different types of impact. In addition, the correlation between tweets and citations highly depends on publication year, discipline and Twitter user type.

  18. Differences Between People Who Use Only Facebook And Those Who Use Facebook Plus Twitter.

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    Petrocchi, Nicola; Asnaani, Anu; Martinez, Alejandra Piquer; Nadkarni, Ashwini; Hofmann, Stefan G

    2015-02-01

    Facebook (FB) and Twitter are popular social networking sites. This study examined differences between those who use both sites versus only FB, to test the hypothesis that mono-users differ in their personality characteristics from users active in both websites. Participants were 205 undergraduate students; 96 only used FB, 109 used FB and Twitter. Participants who used both sites reported significantly lower loneliness, higher number of FB friends, and lower number of minutes spent online, as compared to those who only used FB. Loneliness was positively associated with FB use only in those who used FB alone, but was negatively associated with and negatively predicted both FB and Twitter use in those who used both websites. Findings suggest that more intense use of online interactions is more frequently found in mono-users (people using only Facebook) as compared to those using both websites, and it is predicted by increased feelings of loneliness. The current study findings provide additional insights on what personality factors may make some people prone to excessive use of social networking sites.

  19. Facebook, Twitter & YouTube : A social media guide for the city of Ravensburg

    OpenAIRE

    Onishko, Anastasia

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this thesis is to guide the city of Ravensburg to create a Facebook, Twit-ter and YouTube account for themselves. The Tourist Information of Ravensburg gave me an assignment to find out what they can do on these social media sites and how to do it. I created a small guide about the main points of Facebook, Twitter and YouTube, based on my material. Facebook, Twitter and YouTube are naturally of the centre at this thesis, although I have also added some information about the im...

  20. Facebook, Twitter & YouTube : A social media guide for the city of Ravensburg

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this thesis is to guide the city of Ravensburg to create a Facebook, Twit-ter and YouTube account for themselves. The Tourist Information of Ravensburg gave me an assignment to find out what they can do on these social media sites and how to do it. I created a small guide about the main points of Facebook, Twitter and YouTube, based on my material. Facebook, Twitter and YouTube are naturally of the centre at this thesis, although I have also added some information about the im...

  1. Translating evidence to practice in the health professions: a randomized trial of Twitter vs Facebook.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tunnecliff, Jacqueline; Weiner, John; Gaida, James E; Keating, Jennifer L; Morgan, Prue; Ilic, Dragan; Clearihan, Lyn; Davies, David; Sadasivan, Sivalal; Mohanty, Patitapaban; Ganesh, Shankar; Reynolds, John; Maloney, Stephen

    2017-03-01

    Our objective was to compare the change in research informed knowledge of health professionals and their intended practice following exposure to research information delivered by either Twitter or Facebook. This open label comparative design study randomized health professional clinicians to receive "practice points" on tendinopathy management via Twitter or Facebook. Evaluated outcomes included knowledge change and self-reported changes to clinical practice. Four hundred and ninety-four participants were randomized to 1 of 2 groups and 317 responders analyzed. Both groups demonstrated improvements in knowledge and reported changes to clinical practice. There was no statistical difference between groups for the outcomes of knowledge change (P = .728), changes to clinical practice (P = .11) or the increased use of research information (P = .89). Practice points were shared more by the Twitter group (P Facebook group (P Facebook can improve clinician knowledge and promote behavior change. No differences in these outcomes were observed between the Twitter and Facebook groups. Brief social media posts are as effective as longer posts for improving knowledge and promoting behavior change. Twitter may be more useful in publicizing information and Facebook for encouraging course completion.

  2. Ophthalmology on social networking sites: an observational study of Facebook, Twitter, and LinkedIn.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Micieli, Jonathan A; Tsui, Edmund

    2015-01-01

    The use of social media in ophthalmology remains largely unknown. Our aim was to evaluate the extent and involvement of ophthalmology journals, professional associations, trade publications, and patient advocacy and fundraising groups on social networking sites. An archived list of 107 ophthalmology journals from SCImago, trade publications, professional ophthalmology associations, and patient advocacy organizations were searched for their presence on Facebook, Twitter, and LinkedIn. Activity and popularity of each account was quantified by using the number of "likes" on Facebook, the number of followers on Twitter, and members on LinkedIn. Of the 107 journals ranked by SCImago, 21.5% were present on Facebook and 18.7% were present on Twitter. Journal of Community Eye Health was the most popular on Facebook and JAMA Ophthalmology was most popular on Twitter. Among the 133 members of the International Council of Ophthalmology, 17.3% were present on Facebook, 12.8% were present on Twitter, and 7.5% were present on LinkedIn. The most popular on Facebook was the International Council of Ophthalmology, and the American Academy of Ophthalmology was most popular on Twitter and LinkedIn. Patient advocacy organizations were more popular on all sites compared with journals, professional association, and trade publications. Among the top ten most popular pages in each category, patient advocacy groups were most active followed by trade publications, professional associations, and journals. Patient advocacy groups lead the way in social networking followed by professional organizations and journals. Although some journals use social media, most have yet to engage its full potential and maximize the number of potential interested individuals.

  3. Social networking spaces from Facebook to Twitter and everything in between

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    Kelsey, Todd

    2010-01-01

    What the heck is Facebook? Twitter? Blogging? This book answers these questions and explains how to use a variety of social networking sites to keep in touch, stay in business, and have fun. This book covers the main social networking ""spaces,"" and introduces some of the ways people are enjoying them within a family or business context. It includes information on posting pictures, using add-ons, and working with Facebook and LinkedIn groups. It also covers the phenomenon of Twitter, including how it has grown and the road ahead. This book also covers how you can use the various networks toge

  4. Social Networking Sites: Guidelines For Creating New Business Opportunities Through Facebook, Twitter And LinkedIn

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodica Maria Savulescu

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The world is swiftly evolving. We now face the challenge of adapting the business sector to the increasingly dynamic transformation brought about by Web 2.0 technologies and social networks in particular. The extensive use of social networking sites (SNSs such as Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn has spawned questions regarding the possibility of using such new platforms in order to generate more business revenue.While it is demonstrated that social networking can be profitable for companies and their brands in terms of exposure, brand awareness and actual sales, it can also prove detrimental if not managed correctly. At the same time, SNSs can affect every aspects of the business environment, like product development, marketing communication or the process of recruiting. This article explores the characteristics of social media and their impact on business and proposes several guidelines for companies that decide to employ SNSs in their activity.

  5. The Social Networking Application Success Model: An Empirical Study of Facebook and Twitter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carol X. J. Ou

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Social networking applications (SNAs are among the fastest growing web applications of recent years. In this paper, we propose a causal model to assess the success of SNAs, grounded on DeLone and McLean’s updated information systems (IS success model. In addition to their original three dimensions of quality, i.e., system quality, information quality and service quality, we propose that a fourth dimension - networking quality - contributes to SNA success. We empirically examined the proposed research model with a survey of 168 Facebook and 149 Twitter users. The data validates the significant role of networking quality in determining the focal SNA’s success. The theoretical and practical implications are discussed.

  6. Mediated Group Development and Dynamics: An Examination of Video Chatting, Twitter, and Facebook in Group Assignments

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    Frisby, Brandi N.; Kaufmann, Renee; Beck, Anna-Carrie

    2016-01-01

    Instructors incorporate technological tools into the classroom to address short attention spans, appeal to technologically savvy students, and to increase engagement. This study used both quantitative descriptive and qualitative embedded assessment data to examine the use of three popular tools (i.e. Twitter, Facebook, and video chatting) in…

  7. Quantifying the role of online news in linking conservation research to Facebook and Twitter.

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    Papworth, S K; Nghiem, T P L; Chimalakonda, D; Posa, M R C; Wijedasa, L S; Bickford, D; Carrasco, L R

    2015-06-01

    Conservation science needs to engage the general public to ensure successful conservation interventions. Although online technologies such as Twitter and Facebook offer new opportunities to accelerate communication between conservation scientists and the online public, factors influencing the spread of conservation news in online media are not well understood. We explored transmission of conservation research through online news articles with generalized linear mixed-effects models and an information theoretic approach. In particular, we assessed differences in the frequency conservation research is featured on online news sites and the impact of online conservation news content and delivery on Facebook likes and shares and Twitter tweets. Five percent of articles in conservation journals are reported in online news, and the probability of reporting depended on the journal. There was weak evidence that articles on climate change and mammals were more likely to be featured. Online news articles about charismatic mammals with illustrations were more likely to be shared or liked on Facebook and Twitter, but the effect of news sites was much larger. These results suggest journals have the greatest impact on which conservation research is featured and that news site has the greatest impact on how popular an online article will be on Facebook and Twitter.

  8. Beratung auf Facebook und Twitter? Wie virtuelle Beratungsangebote auf die neuen Leitmedien reagieren können

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heinz Thiery

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Facebook und Twitter erleben aktuell einen enormen Zulauf. Beide konkurrieren um die Vorherrschaft als Leitmedium des WEB 2.0. Mit ihrem Angebotsmix sind sie nicht nur für die Mehrheit der Internetnutzer attraktiv, sie prägen darüber hinaus die Nutzungsgewohnheiten, die sich in Form einer spezifischen „Internetkultur“ etablieren. Zudem forcieren die Leitmedien technische Trends wie beispielsweise das „mobile computing“. Der Artikel beschäftigt sich mit der Frage, welche Auswirkungen diese Entwicklungen auf die professionellen Onlineberatungsangebote hat und wie ihnen begegnet werden kann.

  9. It Doesn't Break Just on Twitter. Characterizing Facebook content During Real World Events

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    Dewan, Prateek; Kumaraguru, Ponnurangam

    2014-01-01

    Multiple studies in the past have analyzed the role and dynamics of the Twitter social network during real world events. However, little work has explored the content of other social media services, or compared content across two networks during real world events. We believe that social media platforms like Facebook also play a vital role in disseminating information on the Internet during real world events. In this work, we study and characterize the content posted on the world's biggest soc...

  10. Evaluating corporate social media use : on facebook, twitter and blogs

    OpenAIRE

    Sorsa, Mari

    2013-01-01

    The thesis aims to find successful models of corporate social media use other companies can adopt in their social media strategies. The methods of the thesis are interviews and examining the existing social media sites of chosen companies to find examples of well-working examples. The interviews were sent via e-mail to six social media experts to gain background on the field. The companies chosen were on Facebook Taco Bell Canada, Starbucks USA, SEOmoz, JetBlue Airways and Nutella Australia ...

  11. Las empresas en Facebook y Twitter. Situación actual y estrategias comunicativas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JÁ Pérez Dasilva

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Introducción. Dada su influencia, las empresas se están viendo obligadas a integrar las redes sociales en sus estrategias de comunicación. Objetivos. Pretendemos ofrecer una visión general sobre el uso de Facebook y Twitter en las principales marcas comerciales en España y analizamos la actividad de las cuentas más sensibles a las críticas para conocer la estrategia comunicativa de sus responsables. Método. Se han seleccionado las cuentas de las tres marcas con mayor inversión publicitaria en 15 sectores, recopilando y procesando 5.433 tweets y 3.000 posts en una tabla analítica. Conclusiones. Queda demostrada la presencia masiva de estas compañías en las redes sociales, al tiempo que se constata la variabilidad extrema del número de seguidores, el tráfico y la naturaleza de la información. Sin embargo, se ha podido demostrar que el uso que se le da a las distintas redes y las estrategias comunicativas requeridas en unas y en otras son distinguibles e identificables.

  12. Mudanças à vista: como Facebook e Twitter participam da rotina dos jornalistas de um meio impresso brasiliense

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    Luciana Carla Kwiatkoski

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available O jornalismo, desde seu surgimento, passa por adaptações. As mudanças físicas nas redações jornalísticas, ocasionadas pelo avanço tecnológico dos suportes/meios, costumam ser drásticas e aparentes, envolvendo alterações na própria rotina produtiva, na cultura organizacional, nos profissionais e no produto final. Nos últimos anos, Facebook e Twitter - duas das mídias sociais que mais têm adeptos no Brasil - adentraram as redações de meios de comunicação, passando a ser ferramentas de uso comum no jornalismo, e este processo parece estar exigindo mais adaptações. O presente artigo propõe uma discussão sobre o uso dessas mídias pelos jornalistas e sobre as transformações no modo de produção da notícia e sobre algumas das possíveis consequências para o jornalismo. Dados preliminares de pesquisa realizada no jornal Correio Braziliense, envolvendo 25 profissionais em seu trabalho na redação ou fora dela, apontam para a inserção do Facebook e do Twitter no dia a dia dos jornalistas.

  13. The Impact of Twitter and Facebook on Nursing Practice and Education: A Systematic Review of the Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asiri, Hanan; Househ, Mowafa

    2016-01-01

    This systematic review aims to answer the following question: What is the impact of Twitter and Facebook on nursing practice and education? Any article that was written in English and was published in PubMed and Computers Informatics Nursing (CIN) journal from 2011 up to 2016 and discussed the impact of Twitter and Facebook on nursing practice and education was included, while any opinion and review articles were excluded. The results show three themes that are covered by the literature: (1) using social media to enhance students' confidence and /or self-efficacy, (2) characteristics of nurses who use social media, and (3) preferred modes of communication. Further research is still needed to reveal the impact of Twitter and Facebook on nursing education as well as other specialties of nursing practice.

  14. Working in a developing communication space. Facebook and Twitter as journalistic tools for European information pure-player websites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florian Tixier

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Since the creation of the European Union, European information has been a very important issue of communication. Numerous Europe-specialized information websites were born in the first decade of the 21st century, thus creating a European informational landscape on the Internet. In a context of journalistic technological and economical evolutions, journalists have to adapt rapidly their ways of working. A new function in terms of management of socio-numeric networks has appeared: community management. This research aims at analyzing the uses of Facebook and Twitter in the community management of online European information websites. We will be specifically observing how information makers integrate these technologies, which originally were not part of the journalistic work patterns, and how they use these new means of communication to circulate European ideas through self-promotion practices.

  15. WORKING IN A DEVELOPING COMMUNICATION SPACE. FACEBOOK AND TWITTER AS JOURNALISTIC TOOLS FOR EUROPEAN INFORMATION PURE-PLAYER WEBSITES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florian Tixier

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Since the creation of the European Union, European information has been a very important issue of communication. Numerous Europe-specialized information websites were born in the first decade of the 21st century, thus creating a European informational landscape on the Internet. In a context of journalistic technological and economical evolutions, journalists have to adapt rapidly their ways of working. A new function in terms of management of socio-numeric networks has appeared: community management. This research aims at analyzing the uses of Facebook and Twitter in the community management of online European information websites. We will be specifically observing how information makers integrate these technologies, which originally were not part of the journalistic work patterns, and how they use these new means of communication to circulate European ideas through self-promotion practices.

  16. El Uso de las Redes Sociales en las Universidades Andaluzas: El Caso de Facebook y Twitter/ The Use of Social Media in the Andalusian Universities: The Case of Facebook and Twitter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Reina Estevez

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available ResumenLa Universidad es una institución al servicio de la sociedad. Con su actividad y conocimientos se avanza en el desarrollo social, económico y cultural. La Web 2.0 permite que la organización interactúe con sus públicos y con los usuarios, comunicándose a un nivel nuevo, sin limitaciones temporales o espaciales. La siguiente investigación se lleva a cabo sobre las Universidades Públicas Andaluzas, para estudiar su presencia en las redes sociales, y el uso que están haciendo de las mismas; concretamente, sobre Facebook y Twitter, por ser las redes sociales más destacadas y populares. La metodología utilizada es de carácter empírico-analítico, y se apoya en el uso de la técnica del análisis de contenido.AbstractUniversity is an institution at the service of society. With its knowledge and activity it is advanced in social, economic and cultural development. Web 2.0 allows to the institution to interact with their audiences and users, communicating to a new level, with no temporal or spatial limitations. The following research was conducted on Andalusian Public Universities to study their social media presence, and how are making use of them, specifically, on Facebook and Twitter, being the most prominent and popular social media. The methodology used is empirical-analytic, and relies on the use of the technique of content analysis.

  17. Transformações no jornalismo em rede: sobre pessoas comuns, jornalistas e organizações; blogs, Twitter, Facebook e Flipboard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alex Fernando Teixeira Primo

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho visa debater como o jornalismo em rede tem transformado a produção e circulação de notícias e processos como gatekeeping e agenda setting, a partir da ação interdependente de pessoas comuns, jornalistas, organizações e tecnologias digitais (como blogs, Twitter, Facebook e Flipboard. Finalmente, faz-se uma análise das interações no aplicativo Flipboard e demonstra-se como elas fomentam a construção do que chamou de composto informacional midiático.

  18. Penggunaan media sosial (facebook dan twitter)terkait dengan pencarian informasi kesehatan oleh Mahasiswa Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Sumatera Utara

    OpenAIRE

    Sinaga, Rosmawat

    2015-01-01

    This research, entitled The Use of Social Media (Facebook and Twitter) related to Health Information Search By Faculty of Public Health University of North Sumatra, which aims to identify the use of social media, the attitude towards health information seeking on social media, and knowing action on health information seeking on the media social by students of the Faculty of Public Health Universitas Sumatera Utara. The theory is considered relevant that used in this research...

  19. "Obesity is the New Major Cause of Cancer": Connections Between Obesity and Cancer on Facebook and Twitter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kent, Erin E; Prestin, Abby; Gaysynsky, Anna; Galica, Kasia; Rinker, Robin; Graff, Kaitlin; Chou, Wen-Ying Sylvia

    2016-09-01

    Social media interactions can inform public health risk perceptions. While research has examined the risk relationships between obesity and cancer, public attitudes about their associations remain largely unknown. We explored how these constructs were discussed together on two social media platforms. Publicly accessible Facebook and Twitter posts from a 2-month period in 2012 containing references to obesity ("obese/obesity," "overweight," and "fat") and cancer-related words were extracted (N = 3702 posts). Data cleaning yielded a final set of 1382 posts (Facebook: N = 291; Twitter: N = 1091). Using a mixed-methods approach, themes were inductively generated, and sentiment valence, structural elements, and epistemic stance were coded. Seven relational themes emerged: obesity is associated with cancer (n = 389), additional factors are associated with both obesity and cancer (n = 335), obesity causes cancer (n = 85), cancer causes obesity (n = 6), obesity is not linked to cancer (n = 13), co-occurrence (n = 492), and obesity is valued differently than cancer (n = 60). Fifty-nine percent of posts focused on an associative or causal link between obesity and cancer. Thirty-one percent of posts contained positive and/or negative sentiment. Facebook was more likely to contain any sentiment, but Twitter contained proportionately more negative sentiment. Concurrent qualitative analysis revealed a dominance of individual blame for overweight/obese persons and more support and empathy for cancer survivors. Our study reflects wide recognition of the evidence linking obesity to increased risk of cancer, a diverse set of factors perceived to be dually associated with both conditions and differing attribution of responsibility. We demonstrate that social media monitoring can provide an important gauge of public health risk perception.

  20. Mining the Social Web Analyzing Data from Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, and Other Social Media Sites

    CERN Document Server

    Russell, Matthew

    2011-01-01

    Want to tap the tremendous amount of valuable social data in Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, and Google+? This refreshed edition helps you discover who's making connections with social media, what they're talking about, and where they're located. You'll learn how to combine social web data, analysis techniques, and visualization to find what you've been looking for in the social haystack-as well as useful information you didn't know existed. Each standalone chapter introduces techniques for mining data in different areas of the social Web, including blogs and email. All you need to get started

  1. Social Media and Language Processing: How Facebook and Twitter Provide the Best Frequency Estimates for Studying Word Recognition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herdağdelen, Amaç; Marelli, Marco

    2016-08-01

    Corpus-based word frequencies are one of the most important predictors in language processing tasks. Frequencies based on conversational corpora (such as movie subtitles) are shown to better capture the variance in lexical decision tasks compared to traditional corpora. In this study, we show that frequencies computed from social media are currently the best frequency-based estimators of lexical decision reaction times (up to 3.6% increase in explained variance). The results are robust (observed for Twitter- and Facebook-based frequencies on American English and British English datasets) and are still substantial when we control for corpus size.

  2. A brief history of Facebook as a media text

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brügger, Niels

    2015-01-01

    This paper tells a history of Facebook from 2004 to 2013. It presents the big picture by focusing on Facebook as it presented itself to a user, that is the available semiotic and interactional elements (e.g., profile, wall, feed, commercials, etc.) as well as the functions and useforms which...... these elements made possible for a variety of actor types (profile owners, groups, companies, software developers, etc.). In addition, Facebook’s development is inscribed in a longer Web historical perspective with a view to identifying a general mechanism for Internet development....

  3. Facebook

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Estrid

    2009-01-01

    En teknologi som Facebook bliver af de fleste forstået som en 'teknologi for alle'. At dette ikke stemmer overens med virkeligheden viser artiklen gennem en case om en studerende, som på grund af sin mangetydlige identitet, ikke passer ind i Facebook offentligheden.......En teknologi som Facebook bliver af de fleste forstået som en 'teknologi for alle'. At dette ikke stemmer overens med virkeligheden viser artiklen gennem en case om en studerende, som på grund af sin mangetydlige identitet, ikke passer ind i Facebook offentligheden....

  4. Effective use of Social Media/Networks Tools for Marketing of Library and Information Products and Services: Facebook, Twitter and Wikipedia

    OpenAIRE

    Navik, Viral; Amin, Jignesh

    2011-01-01

    Now, Social media is a part of our life cycle and has become a very effective tool for communication and marketing. The authors try to explore how librarians and information professionals use these social media/networks for marketing library services and information products. Facebook, Twitter and Wikipedia are very popular social media among all and they can reach out to remote students and build long term relationship that are beneficial to both students and librarians. This paper also expl...

  5. Attitudes of Crohn's Disease Patients: Infodemiology Case Study and Sentiment Analysis of Facebook and Twitter Posts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roccetti, Marco; Marfia, Gustavo; Salomoni, Paola; Prandi, Catia; Zagari, Rocco Maurizio; Gningaye Kengni, Faustine Linda; Bazzoli, Franco; Montagnani, Marco

    2017-08-09

    Data concerning patients originates from a variety of sources on social media. The aim of this study was to show how methodologies borrowed from different areas including computer science, econometrics, statistics, data mining, and sociology may be used to analyze Facebook data to investigate the patients' perspectives on a given medical prescription. To shed light on patients' behavior and concerns, we focused on Crohn's disease, a chronic inflammatory bowel disease, and the specific therapy with the biological drug Infliximab. To gain information from the basin of big data, we analyzed Facebook posts in the time frame from October 2011 to August 2015. We selected posts from patients affected by Crohn's disease who were experiencing or had previously been treated with the monoclonal antibody drug Infliximab. The selected posts underwent further characterization and sentiment analysis. Finally, an ethnographic review was carried out by experts from different scientific research fields (eg, computer science vs gastroenterology) and by a software system running a sentiment analysis tool. The patient feeling toward the Infliximab treatment was classified as positive, neutral, or negative, and the results from computer science, gastroenterologist, and software tool were compared using the square weighted Cohen's kappa coefficient method. The first automatic selection process returned 56,000 Facebook posts, 261 of which exhibited a patient opinion concerning Infliximab. The ethnographic analysis of these 261 selected posts gave similar results, with an interrater agreement between the computer science and gastroenterology experts amounting to 87.3% (228/261), a substantial agreement according to the square weighted Cohen's kappa coefficient method (w2K=0.6470). A positive, neutral, and negative feeling was attributed to 36%, 27%, and 37% of posts by the computer science expert and 38%, 30%, and 32% by the gastroenterologist, respectively. Only a slight agreement was

  6. Public reactions to e-cigarette regulations on Twitter: a text mining analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lazard, Allison J; Wilcox, Gary B; Tuttle, Hannah M; Glowacki, Elizabeth M; Pikowski, Jessica

    2017-03-24

    In May 2016, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a final rule that deemed e-cigarettes to be within their regulatory authority as a tobacco product. News and opinions about the regulation were shared on social media platforms, such as Twitter, which can play an important role in shaping the public's attitudes. We analysed information shared on Twitter for insights into initial public reactions. A text mining approach was used to uncover important topics among reactions to the e-cigarette regulations on Twitter. SAS Text Miner V. 12.1 software was used for descriptive text mining to uncover the primary topics from tweets collected from May 1 to May 17 2016 using NUVI software to gather the data. A total of nine topics were generated. These topics reveal initial reactions to whether the FDA's e-cigarette regulations will benefit or harm public health, how the regulations will impact the emerging e-cigarette market and efforts to share the news. The topics were dominated by negative or mixed reactions. In the days following the FDA's announcement of the new deeming regulations, the public reaction on Twitter was largely negative. Public health advocates should consider using social media outlets to better communicate the policy's intentions, reach and potential impact for public good to create a more balanced conversation. © Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

  7. ??????? ?? ??????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ????? ???????? ? Facebook

    OpenAIRE

    ????????, ?????????; ???????, ???????

    2016-01-01

    In this article the actual problem of advertising development in social network Facebook is researched. The strategy and tactics is planned of advertising campaign of information resource school of art.

  8. Facebook

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Konzack, Lars

    2017-01-01

    Alt i alt er det en vellykket bog om Facebook. Det hjælper, at man har valgt et så klart emneområde, så artiklerne ikke stikker ud i alle retninger. Men det har måske den uheldige virkning, at mange artikler kommer til at gentage de samme pointer om funktionaliteten i Facebook. Det kan man dog godt...

  9. Análisis del uso de las redes sociales en Internet: Facebook y Twitter en las Universidades españolas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Rodríguez Ruibal

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Las Universidades españolas se encuentran en un momento en el que han superado su adaptación al uso de las Tecnologías de la Información y de la Comunicación (TIC, no sólo en su faceta más académica y de gestión, sino también en su uso como herramienta de comunicación y marketing. La adaptación al llamado 2.0 es prácticamente total. Es participativo por parte del usuario y empieza a tener una respuesta clara por parte de las Universidades, hasta tal punto que parece que las redes sociales en internet, base de la web participativa, cuentan en las estrategias de comunicación de las Universidades españolas. El cien por cien de ellas tiene perfiles, propios o no, en las redes Facebook y Twitter, con diferente suerte y utilización. Ninguna sigue un esquema idéntico en cuanto a participación, ya que algunas cuentan con muchos seguidores y con poca participación por parte de la Entidad, y otras sin embargo, tienen un perfil creado pero no lo dinamizan. Este estudio analiza su situación actual en cuanto a número de seguidores, listas y participación.

  10. A dinâmica da notícia nas redes sociais na Internet: uma categorização das ações participativas dos usuários no Twitter e no Facebook

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maíra de Cássia Evangelista de Sousa

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available A dinâmica da notícia nas redes sociais na internet está relacionada à etapa de circulação a partir da forma de apresentação e do conteúdo das postagens e à recirculação a partir das ações participativas dos usuários. Neste artigo, o objetivo é apresentar uma proposta de categorização da recirculação no Twitter e no Facebook de acordo com as ações participativas dos usuários (filtro social e reverberação e analisar como se dá essa recirculação nas redes sociais na internet. De caráter descritivo-analítico, o estudo combinou técnicas qualitativas e quantitativas. A análise foi realizada a partir de postagens publicadas em janeiro de 2013 nas contas do Twitter e do Facebook do portal jornalístico Estadão sobre o incêndio na Boate Kiss, ocorrido na cidade de Santa Maria (RS.

  11. Sharing Feelings Online: Studying Emotional Well-Being via Automated Text Analysis of Facebook Posts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michele eSettanni

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Digital traces of activity on social network sites represent a vast source of ecological data with potential connections with individual behavioral and psychological characteristics. The present study investigates the relationship between user-generated textual content shared on Facebook and emotional well-being. Self-report measures of depression, anxiety and stress were collected from 201 adult Facebook users from North Italy. Emotion-related textual indicators, including emoticon use, were extracted form users’ Facebook posts via automated text analysis. Correlation analyses revealed that individuals with higher levels of depression, anxiety expressed negative emotions on Facebook more frequently. In addition, use of emoticons expressing positive emotions correlated negatively with stress level. When comparing age groups, younger users reported higher frequency of both emotion-related words and emoticon use in their posts. Also, the relationship between online emotional expression and self-report emotional well-being was generally stronger in the younger group. Overall, findings support the feasibility and validity of studying individual emotional well-being by means of examination of Facebook profiles. Implications for online screening purposes and future research directions are discussed.

  12. E-Cigarette Social Media Messages: A Text Mining Analysis of Marketing and Consumer Conversations on Twitter

    OpenAIRE

    Lazard, Allison J; Saffer, Adam J; Wilcox,Gary B.; Chung, Arnold DongWoo; Mackert, Michael; Bernhardt, Jay M

    2016-01-01

    Background As the use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) rises, social media likely influences public awareness and perception of this emerging tobacco product. Objective This study examined the public conversation on Twitter to determine overarching themes and insights for trending topics from commercial and consumer users. Methods Text mining uncovered key patterns and important topics for e-cigarettes on Twitter. SAS Text Miner 12.1 software (SAS Institute Inc) was used for descriptiv...

  13. Sharing feelings online: studying emotional well-being via automated text analysis of Facebook posts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Settanni, Michele; Marengo, Davide

    2015-01-01

    Digital traces of activity on social network sites represent a vast source of ecological data with potential connections with individual behavioral and psychological characteristics. The present study investigates the relationship between user-generated textual content shared on Facebook and emotional well-being. Self-report measures of depression, anxiety, and stress were collected from 201 adult Facebook users from North Italy. Emotion-related textual indicators, including emoticon use, were extracted form users' Facebook posts via automated text analysis. Correlation analyses revealed that individuals with higher levels of depression, anxiety expressed negative emotions on Facebook more frequently. In addition, use of emoticons expressing positive emotions correlated negatively with stress level. When comparing age groups, younger users reported higher frequency of both emotion-related words and emoticon use in their posts. Also, the relationship between online emotional expression and self-report emotional well-being was generally stronger in the younger group. Overall, findings support the feasibility and validity of studying individual emotional well-being by means of examination of Facebook profiles. Implications for online screening purposes and future research directions are discussed.

  14. National accessibility portal and social networking sites: how to make facebook and twitter work for you

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Butgereit, L

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available The National Accessibility Portal (NAP) is a website specifically designed to give South Africans living with disabilities access to important information which may enhance their lives. This information includes lists of schools for children...

  15. Prensa y Redes Sociales en Internet: Aproximaciones a la relación de dos diarios argentinos en línea con Facebook y Twitter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Raimondo Anselmino

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo se enmarca en una investigación, de corte sociosemiótica, que se propone analizar la incorporación de recursos propios de las redes sociales em Internet (RSI en las interfaces digitales de los dos principales diarios argentinos, Clarín y La Nación, así como también las maneras en que dichos  periódicos en línea gestionan y utilizan sus cuentas oficiales en Facebook (FB y Twitter (TW. Las reflexiones aqui expuestas son parte de la primera etapa, exploratoria, de un estudio que tiene por finalidad dar cuenta de la incidencia de las RSI tanto en el vínculo de la prensa con su público lector, como en la relación prensa-esfera pública. Según hemos podido apreciar hasta el momento, los diarios en línea estudiados utilizan sus cuentas oficiales en FB y TW para: la difusión viral de sus contenidos; establecer un contacto más directo con su público; canalizar el interés de la audiencia por la participación; consolidar sus posiciones en estos sitios; y, por último, procurar que los usuarios controlen la calidad de sus intervenciones. Por otra parte, la incorporación de recursos propios de las RSI en estos diarios impactaría, sobre todo, en el proceso de circulación de noticias, que deja de ser una unidad estable y se modifica a medida que circula por las RSI.

  16. Aplicación de las redes sociales dentro del contexto de la metodología AICLE: propuestas didácticas con Facebook, Tuenti, Twitter y Pinterest

    OpenAIRE

    Collar, Tamara

    2014-01-01

    Trabajo fin de máster en el que se analizan cuatro redes sociales (Facebook, Tuenti, Twitter y Pinterest) como herramientas para aplicar en el ámbito de la educación dentro del contexto de la metodología AICLE.

  17. Statistics of co-occurring keywords in confined text messages on Twitter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mathiesen, Joachim; Angheluta, L.; Jensen, M. H.

    2014-01-01

    Online social media such as the micro-blogging site Twitter has become a rich source of real-time data on online human behaviors. Here we analyze the occurrence and co-occurrence frequency of keywords in user posts on Twitter. From the occurrence rate of major international brand names, we provid...

  18. Statistics of co-occurring keywords in confined text messages on Twitter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mathiesen, Joachim; Angheluta, L.; Jensen, M. H.

    2014-01-01

    Online social media such as the micro-blogging site Twitter has become a rich source of real-time data on online human behaviors. Here we analyze the occurrence and co-occurrence frequency of keywords in user posts on Twitter. From the occurrence rate of major international brand names, we provide...

  19. Estrategias de enseñanza para el curso EIF-203 Estructuras discretas para informática a través del uso de las redes sociales Facebook y Twitter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrique Vílchez Quesada

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Recibido 29 de octubre de 2013 • Corregido 2 de marzo de 2014 • Aceptado 2 de abril de 2014. Este artículo corresponde a un trabajo científico derivado del proyecto de investigación en docencia adscrito a la Escuela de Informática de la Universidad Nacional de Costa Rica (UNA, titulado: Facebook como herramienta de enseñanza y aprendizaje para el curso EIF-203 Estructuras discretas para informática a través del uso de cuadernos interactivos. El objetivo general del proyecto consistió en analizar técnica y pedagógicamente la red social Facebook como un entorno de enseñanza y aprendizaje. En este documento se presenta una serie de estrategias de enseñanza creadas para complementar la docencia en el contexto del curso EIF-203, utilizando como plataforma educativa las redes sociales Facebook y Twitter. Las estrategias compartidas constituyen una intensa búsqueda de nuevas metodologías para mejorar los procesos de enseñanza e, idealmente, los procesos de aprendizaje en la materia EIF-203, integrada dentro del plan de estudios de la carrera Ingeniería en Sistemas de Información de la UNA. Estas fueron implementadas en un grupo de 31 estudiantes de la Sede Interuniversitaria de Alajuela, durante el I semestre 2013. Lo anterior permitió evaluar las estrategias de enseñanza desarrolladas utilizando una metodología de carácter cuantitativo. El instrumento empleado (un cuestionario se validó mediante una prueba de fiabilidad “Alfa de Cronbach” recurriendo a una muestra de 65 participantes. Los resultados obtenidos forman parte del análisis expuesto en el presente trabajo.

  20. Using computerized text analysis to assess communication within an Italian type 1 diabetes Facebook group

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alda Troncone

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to assess messages posted by mothers of children with type 1 diabetes in the Italian Facebook group “Mamme e diabete” using computerized text analysis. The data suggest that these mothers use online discussion boards as a place to seek and provide information to better manage the disease’s daily demands—especially those tasks linked to insulin correction and administration, control of food intake, and bureaucratic duties, as well as to seek and give encouragement and to share experiences regarding diabetes and related impact on their life. The implications of these findings for the management of diabetes are discussed.

  1. "We Don't Twitter, We Facebook": An Alternative Pedagogical Space that Enables Critical Practices in Relation to Writing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reid, Jean

    2011-01-01

    This article explores what happens to interpersonal and power dynamics when tutors use closed-group Facebook pages as a social networking tool in their tutorial groups with first and second year Bachelor of Education (BEd) students at the Wits School of Education (WSoE). It argues that this literacy practice creates an alternative pedagogical…

  2. Using computerized text analysis to assess communication within an Italian type 1 diabetes Facebook group.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Troncone, Alda; Cascella, Crescenzo; Chianese, Antonietta; Iafusco, Dario

    2015-07-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess messages posted by mothers of children with type 1 diabetes in the Italian Facebook group "Mamme e diabete" using computerized text analysis. The data suggest that these mothers use online discussion boards as a place to seek and provide information to better manage the disease's daily demands-especially those tasks linked to insulin correction and administration, control of food intake, and bureaucratic duties, as well as to seek and give encouragement and to share experiences regarding diabetes and related impact on their life. The implications of these findings for the management of diabetes are discussed.

  3. Attitudes of Crohn’s Disease Patients: Infodemiology Case Study and Sentiment Analysis of Facebook and Twitter Posts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-01

    Background Data concerning patients originates from a variety of sources on social media. Objective The aim of this study was to show how methodologies borrowed from different areas including computer science, econometrics, statistics, data mining, and sociology may be used to analyze Facebook data to investigate the patients’ perspectives on a given medical prescription. Methods To shed light on patients’ behavior and concerns, we focused on Crohn’s disease, a chronic inflammatory bowel disease, and the specific therapy with the biological drug Infliximab. To gain information from the basin of big data, we analyzed Facebook posts in the time frame from October 2011 to August 2015. We selected posts from patients affected by Crohn’s disease who were experiencing or had previously been treated with the monoclonal antibody drug Infliximab. The selected posts underwent further characterization and sentiment analysis. Finally, an ethnographic review was carried out by experts from different scientific research fields (eg, computer science vs gastroenterology) and by a software system running a sentiment analysis tool. The patient feeling toward the Infliximab treatment was classified as positive, neutral, or negative, and the results from computer science, gastroenterologist, and software tool were compared using the square weighted Cohen’s kappa coefficient method. Results The first automatic selection process returned 56,000 Facebook posts, 261 of which exhibited a patient opinion concerning Infliximab. The ethnographic analysis of these 261 selected posts gave similar results, with an interrater agreement between the computer science and gastroenterology experts amounting to 87.3% (228/261), a substantial agreement according to the square weighted Cohen’s kappa coefficient method (w2K=0.6470). A positive, neutral, and negative feeling was attributed to 36%, 27%, and 37% of posts by the computer science expert and 38%, 30%, and 32% by the

  4. Weathering the Superstorm: From Texts to Twitter--How Campus Communicators Overcame Hurricane Sandy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Towns, Gail

    2013-01-01

    By the time Superstorm Sandy struck New Jersey in late October 2012, Kathy Corbalis, executive director of communications and college relations at Atlantic Cape Community College, and her team were battle-tested. In the 15 months before the hurricane, the college experienced two bomb threats via Twitter, a lockdown due to gunfire, an on-campus…

  5. E-Cigarette Social Media Messages: A Text Mining Analysis of Marketing and Consumer Conversations on Twitter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lazard, Allison J; Saffer, Adam J; Wilcox, Gary B; Chung, Arnold DongWoo; Mackert, Michael S; Bernhardt, Jay M

    2016-12-12

    As the use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) rises, social media likely influences public awareness and perception of this emerging tobacco product. This study examined the public conversation on Twitter to determine overarching themes and insights for trending topics from commercial and consumer users. Text mining uncovered key patterns and important topics for e-cigarettes on Twitter. SAS Text Miner 12.1 software (SAS Institute Inc) was used for descriptive text mining to reveal the primary topics from tweets collected from March 24, 2015, to July 3, 2015, using a Python script in conjunction with Twitter's streaming application programming interface. A total of 18 keywords related to e-cigarettes were used and resulted in a total of 872,544 tweets that were sorted into overarching themes through a text topic node for tweets (126,127) and retweets (114,451) that represented more than 1% of the conversation. While some of the final themes were marketing-focused, many topics represented diverse proponent and user conversations that included discussion of policies, personal experiences, and the differentiation of e-cigarettes from traditional tobacco, often by pointing to the lack of evidence for the harm or risks of e-cigarettes or taking the position that e-cigarettes should be promoted as smoking cessation devices. These findings reveal that unique, large-scale public conversations are occurring on Twitter alongside e-cigarette advertising and promotion. Proponents and users are turning to social media to share knowledge, experience, and questions about e-cigarette use. Future research should focus on these unique conversations to understand how they influence attitudes towards and use of e-cigarettes.

  6. Reconsidering Facebook

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hilary Davis

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Last year there was a revolt against Facebook. Lots of people were weighing the pros and cons of becoming a Facebook dropout, including librarians. For many of these detractors and potential detractors of Facebook, the disjunct structure of personal and professional identity was no longer holding up under the pressure of Facebook’s urgings to reveal [...

  7. Using Crowdsourced Data (twitter & Facebook) to Delineate the Origin and Destination of Commuters of the Gautrain Public Transit System in South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moyo, T.; Musakwa, W.

    2016-06-01

    The study of commuters' origins and destinations (O_D) promises to assist transportation planners with prediction models to inform decision making. Conventionally OD surveys are undertaken through travel surveys and traffic counts, however data collection for these surveys has historically proven to be time consuming and having a strain on human resources, thus a need for an alternative data source arises. This study combines the use social media data and geographic information systems in the creation of a model for origin and destination surveys. The model tests the potential of using big data from Echo echo software which contains Twitter and Facebook data obtained from social media users in Gauteng. This data contains geo-location and it is used to determine origin and destination as well as concentration levels of Gautrain commuters. A kriging analysis was performed on the data to determine the O-D and concentration levels of Gautrain users. The results reveal the concentration of Gautrain commuters at various points of interest that is where they work, live or socialise. The results from the study highlight which nodes attract the most commuters and also possible locations for the expansion for Gautrain. Lastly, the study also highlights some weakness of crowdsourced data for informing transportation planning.

  8. EFL Arab Learners' Peer Revision of Writing in a Facebook Group: Contributions to Written Texts and Sense of Online Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Razak, Norizan Abdul; Saeed, Murad Abdu

    2015-01-01

    This qualitative study investigated peer writing revision among English as foreign language (EFL) Arab students in a Facebook group. Specifically, it aimed to identify the text revisions made by the learners and to determine their contributions to the learners' written texts and sense of online community outside the college classroom context.…

  9. E-Cigarette Social Media Messages: A Text Mining Analysis of Marketing and Consumer Conversations on Twitter

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    Background As the use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) rises, social media likely influences public awareness and perception of this emerging tobacco product. Objective This study examined the public conversation on Twitter to determine overarching themes and insights for trending topics from commercial and consumer users. Methods Text mining uncovered key patterns and important topics for e-cigarettes on Twitter. SAS Text Miner 12.1 software (SAS Institute Inc) was used for descriptive text mining to reveal the primary topics from tweets collected from March 24, 2015, to July 3, 2015, using a Python script in conjunction with Twitter’s streaming application programming interface. A total of 18 keywords related to e-cigarettes were used and resulted in a total of 872,544 tweets that were sorted into overarching themes through a text topic node for tweets (126,127) and retweets (114,451) that represented more than 1% of the conversation. Results While some of the final themes were marketing-focused, many topics represented diverse proponent and user conversations that included discussion of policies, personal experiences, and the differentiation of e-cigarettes from traditional tobacco, often by pointing to the lack of evidence for the harm or risks of e-cigarettes or taking the position that e-cigarettes should be promoted as smoking cessation devices. Conclusions These findings reveal that unique, large-scale public conversations are occurring on Twitter alongside e-cigarette advertising and promotion. Proponents and users are turning to social media to share knowledge, experience, and questions about e-cigarette use. Future research should focus on these unique conversations to understand how they influence attitudes towards and use of e-cigarettes. PMID:27956376

  10. Comment se propagent les informations sur Twitter ?

    OpenAIRE

    Gabielkov, Maksym

    2016-01-01

    This thesis presents the measurement study of Online Social Networks focusing on Twitter. Twitter is one of the largest social networks using exclusively directed links among accounts. This makes the Twitter social graph much closer to the social graph supporting real life communications than, for instance, Facebook. Therefore, understanding the structure of the Twitter social graph and the way information propagates through it is interesting not only for computer scientists, but also for res...

  11. Implementing Twitter in a health sciences library.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuddy, Colleen; Graham, Jamie; Morton-Owens, Emily G

    2010-10-01

    The NYU Health Sciences Libraries created an account on Twitter, a microblogging service, as a new outreach tool marketed to students, faculty, and staff. The team used Twitter to promote resources, events, and news. Twitter is a part of a pipeline of information that also includes the library's Web site and Facebook. Although it is difficult to measure the effectiveness of a social networking tool, the overhead of using Twitter is so low that it merits consideration.

  12. Political conversations on Facebook

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Mads P.

    2016-01-01

    Political conversations are according to theories on deliberative democracy essential to well-functioning democracies. Traditionally these conversations have taken place in face-to-face settings, in e.g. party meetings and town meetings. However, social media such as Facebook and Twitter offers new...... possibilities for online political conversations between citizens and politicians. This paper examines the presence on Facebook and Twitter of Members of the Danish national Parliament, the Folketing, and focusses on a quantitative mapping of the political conversation activities taking place in the threads...... following Facebook posts from Danish Members of Parliament (MPs). The paper shows that, in comparison with previous findings from other countries, Danish MPs have a relatively high degree of engagement in political conversations with citizens on Facebook – and that a large number of citizens follow MPs...

  13. Health impacts of Facebook usage and mobile texting among undergraduate dental students: it's time to understand the difference between usage and an excessive use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Y L; Verma, R K; Yadav, H; Barua, A

    2016-11-01

    Facebook and mobile texting are prevalent in the lives of almost every student. However, little is known about the relationship between Facebook usage or mobile texting and their impacts on health amongst undergraduate dental students. In this study, excessive Facebook use and excessive mobile texting were studied as they relate to impacts on health. A cross-sectional study was conducted at a private university in Malaysia. A total of 188 undergraduate dental students were interviewed using a pre-tested and self-rated questionnaire. Data collected from participants were analysed using SPSS version 18.0. Chi-square test, Fisher's exact test and multiple logistic regression analyses were applied to study the relationship between explanatory variables and excessive Facebook use and excessive mobile texting. The prevalence of excessive Facebook use and excessive mobile texting amongst undergraduate dental students was found to be 33.2% and 33.0%, respectively. According to a multivariate analysis, texting habits, such as the presence of daytime sleepiness after texting late at night (aOR = 2.682, 95% CI = 1.142-6.301) and the presence of anxious feelings if students failed to receive a timely response (aOR = 3.819, 95% CI = 1.580-9.230), were determined to be significant predictors of excessive mobile texting. Excessive Facebook use was found to be significantly related to three variables as follows: fewer numbers of close friends (aOR = 2.275, 95% CI = 1.057-4.898), the checking of updates on the Facebook walls of their friends (aOR = 2.582, 95% CI = 1.189-5.605) and the absence of active and vigorous feelings during Facebook use (aOR = 3.401, 95% CI = 1.233-9.434). Approximately one-third of undergraduate dental students in this study experienced excessive Facebook use and/or excessive mobile texting. Health education and promotion should be instituted to create awareness, whilst students should be advised to practise self-control with respect to

  14. A Theoretical Discussion for E-Text Communication in Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Hye-Jung

    2015-01-01

    With the recent development of internet and mobile technology, a new kind of e-text communication is emerging. From messenger chatting, mobile texting, to social networking through Twitter or Facebook, e-text communication is becoming a main communication channel, especially for the younger generation. However, there has not been sufficient…

  15. Contracting the Facebook API

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ben Rubinger

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, there has been an explosive growth in the popularity of online social networks such as Facebook. In a new twist, third party developers are now able to create their own web applications which plug into Facebook and work with Facebook's "social" data, enabling the entire Facebook user base of more than 400 million active users to use such applications. These client applications can contain subtle errors that can be hard to debug if they misuse the Facebook API. In this paper we present an experience report on applying Microsoft's new code contract system for the .NET framework to the Facebook API.We wrote contracts for several classes in the Facebook API wrapper which allows Microsoft .NET developers to implement Facebook applications. We evaluated the usefulness of these contracts during implementation of a new Facebook application. Our experience indicates that having code contracts provides a better and quicker software development experience.

  16. Facebook-to-Facebook

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Abatayo, Anna Lou; Lynham, John; Sherstyuk, Katerina

    2017-01-01

    Direct face-to-face communication has traditionally been found to be more effective for fostering economic cooperation than any form of indirect, mediated communication. We inquire whether this is still the case since most young adults routinely use texting and online social media to communicate...... with each other. We find that young adults in our laboratory public goods experiment are just as adept at finding and sustaining cooperative agreements when communicating within a Facebook group and through online chat as they are in person....

  17. Cell Phones, Text Messaging, and Facebook: Competing Time Demands of Today's College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanson, Trudy L.; Drumheller, Kristina; Mallard, Jessica; McKee, Connie; Schlegel, Paula

    2011-01-01

    This study of time use and entertainment choices of college students used a triangulated approach to discover how college students use and manage their time. From the data we gathered through time diaries, students indicated that the greatest amount of personal time is spent in some form of communication (talking face to face, texting, talking on…

  18. Cell Phones, Text Messaging, and Facebook: Competing Time Demands of Today's College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanson, Trudy L.; Drumheller, Kristina; Mallard, Jessica; McKee, Connie; Schlegel, Paula

    2011-01-01

    This study of time use and entertainment choices of college students used a triangulated approach to discover how college students use and manage their time. From the data we gathered through time diaries, students indicated that the greatest amount of personal time is spent in some form of communication (talking face to face, texting, talking on…

  19. A Study on the use of Facebook, RSS, Blogs and Twitter (Web2.0) among selected academic libraries from 6 Gulf countries namely: Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Bahrain, Oman and Kuwait

    KAUST Repository

    Ramli, Rindra M.

    2014-04-01

    This paper aims to explore and study the current usage trends of Web2.0 namely Facebook, RSS, Blogs and Twitter among selected higher education institutions’ libraries in 6 gulf countries namely: Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Bahrain, Oman and Kuwait. Websites of the selected libraries would be compared on the extent of the usage of these tools, the participation level and their purpose. The author would also share his opinion and suggestions on improving the current trends pertaining to the area of Web2.0 and libraries. The impact and importance of Web2.0 on libraries cannot be disputed. Since gaining popularity in mid-2000, libraries around the globe have jumped onto the Web2.0 bandwagon. Among the common examples of Web2.0 used by libraries today are namely: social networking sites, blogs, wikis, folksonomies and video sharing sites. Libraries are using Web2.0 to (among others): • market their services / resources to their community, • announce latest library news, • provide their online guides / notes for their resources among others. Though such tools have been implemented by most libraries around the world, some of the challenges faced by libraries are: •participation level – casting the net to a wider audience •selection of web2.0 tools •effectiveness of present web2.0 tools used by the libraries

  20. Reaching Users Through Facebook: A Guide to Implementing Facebook Athenaeum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wayne Graham

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Facebook Athenaeum is an open source application that integrates library resources directly into the Facebook website. Facebook is one of the single most-visited websites in the world, and its popularity among college-aged students provides a unique opportunity for libraries to redefine how they interact with students. This article walks you through the deployment Facebook Athenaeum, and discusses some of the usage trends and pitfalls of deploying applications using the Facebook API.

  1. Social infomediation of news on Twitter: a French case study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Smyrnaios, N.; Rieder, B.

    2013-01-01

    Social infomediation is an emerging phenomenon that sees growing numbers of Internet users share and comment on news items on Facebook and Twitter. This study analyses a large sample of French-speaking Twitter users over a period of two months. First, we study some general characteristics of our

  2. PhishAri: Automatic Realtime Phishing Detection on Twitter

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    With the advent of online social media, phishers have started using social networks like Twitter, Facebook, and Foursquare to spread phishing scams. Twitter is an immensely popular micro-blogging network where people post short messages of 140 characters called tweets. It has over 100 million active users who post about 200 million tweets everyday. Phishers have started using Twitter as a medium to spread phishing because of this vast information dissemination. Further, it is difficult to det...

  3. Twitter's tweet method modelling and simulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarlis, Apostolos S.; Sakas, Damianos P.; Vlachos, D. S.

    2015-02-01

    This paper seeks to purpose the concept of Twitter marketing methods. The tools that Twitter provides are modelled and simulated using iThink in the context of a Twitter media-marketing agency. The paper has leveraged the system's dynamic paradigm to conduct Facebook marketing tools and methods modelling, using iThink™ system to implement them. It uses the design science research methodology for the proof of concept of the models and modelling processes. The following models have been developed for a twitter marketing agent/company and tested in real circumstances and with real numbers. These models were finalized through a number of revisions and iterators of the design, develop, simulate, test and evaluate. It also addresses these methods that suit most organized promotion through targeting, to the Twitter social media service. The validity and usefulness of these Twitter marketing methods models for the day-to-day decision making are authenticated by the management of the company organization. It implements system dynamics concepts of Twitter marketing methods modelling and produce models of various Twitter marketing situations. The Tweet method that Twitter provides can be adjusted, depending on the situation, in order to maximize the profit of the company/agent.

  4. Twitter Malware Collection System: An Automated URL Extraction and Examination Platform

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-01

    Facebook or newer Google+, would be beneficial. Since Twitter is not the only social networking service available, and since it only makes up a fraction...Twitter-118308.shtml [26] Brian Prince. (2010, March) Twitter Fights Phishing , Malware with Link Scanning Service. [Online]. http://www.eweek.com/c/a...Security/Twitter-Fights- Phishing -Malware-With-Link- Scanning-Service-556715/ 51 [27] Deputy Secretary Of Defense, "Directive-Type Memorandum (DTM

  5. Implementation of Sensor Twitter Feed Web Service Server and Client

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-01

    reasonPhrase> <responseText> <tweet> Hello Twitter 3 from server project</tweet> <tweet> Hello Twitter 2 from server project</tweet> <tweet> Hello ...Twitter 1 from server project</tweet> <tweet> Hello Twitter from server project</tweet> </responseText> <reasonCode>200</reasonCode> </response> b

  6. Uncovering the differences in linguistic network dynamics of book and social media texts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Türker, İlker; Şehirli, Eftal; Demiral, Emrullah

    2016-01-01

    Complex network studies span a large variety of applications including linguistic networks. To investigate the differences in book and social media texts in terms of linguistic typology, we constructed both sequential and sentence collocation networks of book, Facebook and Twitter texts with undirected and weighted edges. The comparisons are performed using the basic parameters like average degree, modularity, average clustering coefficient, average path length, diameter, average link weight etc. We also presented the distribution graphs for node degrees, edge weights and maximum degree differences of the pairing nodes. The degree difference occurrences are furtherly detailed with the grayscale percentile plots with respect to the edge weights. We linked the network analysis with linguistic aspects like word and sentence length distributions. We concluded that linguistic typology demonstrates a formal usage in book that slightly deviates to informal in Twitter. Facebook interpolates between these media by the means of network parameters, while the informality of Twitter is mostly influenced by the character limitations.

  7. Los programas radiofónicos españoles de prime time en Facebook y Twitter: Sinergias entre la radio convencional y las redes sociales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Gutiérrez

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: Operadores públicos y privados de las emisoras radiofónicas generalistas buscan en las redes sociales nuevas formas de explotación de contenidos que generen cambios en la cadena de valor de la marca y desarrollen un modelo de negocio diferente. Objetivos: Definir las sinergias entre la radio convencional y las redes sociales en la radio generalista española a partir del análisis de cuatro programas de prime-time considerados máximos exponentes de la marca radiofónica. Metodología: A través de la técnica cuantitativa de análisis de contenido se estudian los roles del emisor y la audiencia en las redes sociales y la radio convencional. Conclusión: Pese a la ampliación de las vías para la participación de la audiencia, el estudio demuestra una ausencia casi total de interacción lo que exige el establecimiento de sinergias entre la radio convencional y las redes sociales como estrategia para explotar el potencial de estos espacios virtuales.

  8. Professional Twitter Development with Examples in NET 35

    CERN Document Server

    Crenna, Daniel

    2009-01-01

    Twitter is rapidly moving up the social networking food chain and is currently outranked by only Facebook and MySpace. It features a programming API that allows you to build Web sites and applications (both desktop and mobile) for reading and posting to Twitter, finding other Twitter users, aggregating Twitter content, and other uses. This book walks you through the process of combining many programming tools in order to build exciting, useful, and profitable applications. You'll begin with a look at RESTful services and examine how to structure your queries, handle asynchronous operations,

  9. Farewell Facebook

    OpenAIRE

    Liliegren, Ann-Sofie; Peulicke Borggreen, Babette; Slott Nielsen, Christoffer; M.C. Hedegaard, Kathrine; Oliver James Wallace, Lewis; Diggelmann, Pascale; Holm Ricka, Sille; Ewé Jensen, Tine

    2012-01-01

    This project examines how Facebook influences the perception of one‘s self and ones social relations. We have therefore used auto-ethnography and made a case study with ourselves documenting our experiences while being off Facebook for one month. We will further investigate to what extent Facebook has become an addiction in our modern society. Furthermore, the theory of social constructivism is used in order to describe the constructed importance Facebook has gained in our everyday lives. The...

  10. TEXT CLASSIFICATION FOR AUTOMATIC DETECTION OF E-CIGARETTE USE AND USE FOR SMOKING CESSATION FROM TWITTER: A FEASIBILITY PILOT.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aphinyanaphongs, Yin; Lulejian, Armine; Brown, Duncan Penfold; Bonneau, Richard; Krebs, Paul

    2016-01-01

    Rapid increases in e-cigarette use and potential exposure to harmful byproducts have shifted public health focus to e-cigarettes as a possible drug of abuse. Effective surveillance of use and prevalence would allow appropriate regulatory responses. An ideal surveillance system would collect usage data in real time, focus on populations of interest, include populations unable to take the survey, allow a breadth of questions to answer, and enable geo-location analysis. Social media streams may provide this ideal system. To realize this use case, a foundational question is whether we can detect e-cigarette use at all. This work reports two pilot tasks using text classification to identify automatically Tweets that indicate e-cigarette use and/or e-cigarette use for smoking cessation. We build and define both datasets and compare performance of 4 state of the art classifiers and a keyword search for each task. Our results demonstrate excellent classifier performance of up to 0.90 and 0.94 area under the curve in each category. These promising initial results form the foundation for further studies to realize the ideal surveillance solution.

  11. Reconsidering Facebook

    OpenAIRE

    Hilary Davis

    2011-01-01

    Last year there was a revolt against Facebook. Lots of people were weighing the pros and cons of becoming a Facebook dropout, including librarians. For many of these detractors and potential detractors of Facebook, the disjunct structure of personal and professional identity was no longer holding up under the pressure of Facebook’s urgings to reveal [...

  12. Facebook, Twitter, YouTube--and Democracy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samuels, Bob

    2011-01-01

    In fall 2009, this author participated in mass protests in California against tuition increases, furloughs, state budget cuts, and mass layoffs of schoolteachers, faculty members, and other public-sector workers. He states that what was so inspiring about these demonstrations was their formation of a new model of coalition politics. Taking the…

  13. TURKEY’S MOST POPULAR 10 RADIO STATIONS FACEBOOK USAGE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ufuk INAL

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Mass media is becoming a different structure day by day. When thinking about the use of fire for communicating with the distant, it is surprising that the development of the last century is remarkable. Today's communication systems make it possible for individuals to be active in many places at the same time thanks to mobile phones, computers and different mobile devices, channels and internet-enabled platforms. These platforms, such as Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram, have different billions of users from different parts of the world. These structures, which are generally known as social platforms, offer various possibilities not only for individuals but also for institutions and organizations. Today, many institutions and organizations appear to be on social platforms. According to the constructs, the social platforms of these institutions and organizations have varying purposes and forms of use. The sole example of the influence of social platforms in mass communication is the use of these platforms by mass media. In this study, it was emphasized the issue of the extent to which the radion, one of the oldest mass communication tools, used which effect and for what purpose. In this direction, the usage patterns of 10 most heard radio in Turkey are examined in Facebook, which is ahead of other social platforms in terms of user potential and frequency in Turkey. Meanwhile, Facebook profiles usage and content creation styles of the radios are determined. Finally, the link between the rest of the radios and the Facebook movement breakdown was questioned.

  14. Sociālā tīkla Facebook.com un mikroemuāra vietnes Twitter.com pielietojums telekomunikāciju uzņēmuma "Bite" sabiedriskajās attiecībās

    OpenAIRE

    Kvedaroviča, Sintija

    2013-01-01

    Bakalaura darba tēma:Sociālā tīkla Facebook.com un mikroemuāra vietnes Twitter.com pielietojums telekomunikāciju uzņēmuma "Bite" sabiedriskajās attiecībās. Darbā tiek apskatīta teorija par sabiedriskajām attiecībām un to nozīmi uzņēmumā, kā arī teorija par sociālajiem tīkliem un to nozīmi un lomu sabiedriskajās attiecībās. Metodoloģiskajā daļā tiek skaidrots, kas ir intervija, aptauja un kontenta analīze. Darba mērķis ir noteikt, kuram no četriem Gruniga un Hanta sabiedrisko attiecību...

  15. Facebook Effect

    OpenAIRE

    STOICA, Anamaria

    2011-01-01

    This research paper is intended to understand the effects that Facebook, the social networking site has upon us, whether it influences our lives in a good or in a bad way. In order to understand the Facebook Effect we are trying to see how it impacts our lives at economic level,social level, political level, terminology level , psychological level and cultural level . Starting from the question : What does Facebook want? we found several answers consisting in pros and cons of this phenomenon ...

  16. Facebook companion

    CERN Document Server

    Miller, Matthew

    2011-01-01

    Experience everything you can do on Facebook Facebook has taken the world by storm and just breached the 500 million-user mark as its popularity continues to increase every day the world over. Yet, despite its popularity, many people are not aware of all that Facebook has to offer. This handy, approachable guide shares indispensible tips and shortcuts on everything from sharing videos to playing popular games like FarmVille and CityVille. The compact trim size is perfect for taking it with you wherever you go, just like you'll learn how to take Facebook everywhere on a smartphone. Encourage

  17. Let's Have a Tweetup: The Case for Using Twitter Professionally.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuller, Maren Y; Allen, Timothy Craig

    2016-09-01

    Social media use is very common and can be an effective way for professionals to discuss information and interact with colleagues. Twitter (Twitter, Inc, San Francisco, California) is a social media network where posts, termed tweets, are limited to 140 characters. Professional use of Twitter is ideal for physicians interested in both networking and education and is optimally used to facilitate in-person networking. Live-tweeting (posting real-time reactions to events) at professional meetings is also a popular and highly successful use of Twitter. Physicians report patient privacy as the top concern preventing use of social media for professional reasons, and although generally social media use is safe, it is essential to understand how to protect patient confidentially. Other social media platforms with potential for professional use include Facebook (Facebook, Inc, Menlo Park, California), Instagram (Facebook, Inc), YouTube (YouTube, LLC, San Bruno, California), and Periscope (Twitter, Inc). With Twitter and other social media options, now is the time for pathologists to increase our visibility on social media and worldwide.

  18. Privacy and Facebook

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ronan Comer

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Social Networking is continually growing and showing more possibilities. Facebook the leading social network site is approaching 1 billion members. Facebook guarantees more than friend requests and also acts as an excellent marketing tool for businesses. Social media is a technology allowing the nation to publish instantly and economically on the internet. It encourages live discussion on a huge range of topics, with not only friends, but businesses and consumers. Facebook serves 120 billion hits per day, stored 60 billion photos and generated 150TB (Terabytes of logs every day. Privacy - or lack of it - however has provoked outrage at various times in the media. This paper seeks to examine the ramifications of poor privacy management by Facebook.

  19. Informative television and mobility. News analysis of the most followed through twitter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leire GÓMEZ RUBIO

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Social networks such as Facebook and Twitter, and mobile applications such as Periscope, Snapchat, Whatsapp, among others, are some of the emerging ways of communication and access to information in recent times, for both general users and professionals of the information. Technological advances and innovations derived mainly from the web 2.0 have added new screens to traditional media, so that the newspaper can not only be read, but now also can be seen and heard, while television, besides been seen and heard, also read. To this, mobility and portability is added, as demanded by users today, and in which the mobile screen has a prominent role and influence, especially because of social networks. This contribution describes which is the production and consumption of news that comes from the information provided by the principal generalist television channels in Spain through the most mobile social network, Twitter.

  20. Scientific literature on Twitter as subject research : preliminary findings based on bibliometric analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Fausto, Sibele; Aventurier, Pascal

    2015-01-01

    Background and purpose[br/] [br/] Since its launch in 2006, Internet platform Twitter has rapidly expanded. Despite being behind services like Facebook (1.3 billion active users) and WhatsApp (500 million), this platform currently has about 284 million active users worldwide, with 500 million Tweets being sent out every day, in more than 35 different languages (Twitter, 2015). In 2014 the eMarketer Consultancy predicted that Twitter should reach 300 million monthly active users by 2016,...

  1. Twitter and public health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartlett, Catherine; Wurtz, Rebecca

    2015-01-01

    Twitter can serve as a powerful communication modality to both "push" and "pull" public health data; each user is a potential public health sensor and actor. However, in 2012, only 8% of local health departments had Twitter accounts. We outline how Twitter works, describe how to access public tweets for public health surveillance purposes, review the literature on Twitter's current and potential role supporting public health's essential services, summarize Twitter's limitations, and make recommendations for health department use.

  2. Twitmographics: Learning the Emergent Properties of the Twitter Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheong, Marc; Lee, Vincent

    This paper presents a framework for discovery of the emergent properties of users of the Twitter microblogging platform. The novelty of our methodology is the use of machine-learning methods to deduce user demographic information and online usage patterns and habits not readily apparent from the raw messages posted on Twitter. This is different from existing social network analysis performed on de facto social networks such as Face-book, in the sense that we use publicly available metadata from Twitter messages to explore the inherent characteristics about different segments of the Twitter community, in a simple yet effective manner. Our framework is coupled with the self-organizing map visualization method, and tested on a corpus of messages which deal with issues of socio politi-cal and economic impact, to gain insight into the properties of human interaction via Twitter as a medium for computer-mediated self-expression.

  3. Twitter content classification

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    This paper delivers a new Twitter content classification framework based sixteen existing Twitter studies and a grounded theory analysis of a personal Twitter history. It expands the existing understanding of Twitter as a multifunction tool for personal, profession, commercial and phatic communications with a split level classification scheme that offers broad categorization and specific sub categories for deeper insight into the real world application of the service.

  4. Comparison of Machine Learning Approaches on Arabic Twitter Sentiment Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Merfat.M. Altawaier

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available With the dramatic expansion of information over internet, users around the world express their opinion daily on the social network such as Facebook and Twitter. Large corporations nowadays invest on analyzing these opinions in order to assess their products or services by knowing the people feedback toward such business. The process of knowing users’ opinions toward particular product or services whether positive or negative is called sentiment analysis. Arabic is one of the common languages that have been addressed regarding sentiment analysis. In the literature, several approaches have been proposed for Arabic sentiment analysis and most of these approaches are using machine learning techniques. Machine learning techniques are various and have different performances. Therefore, in this study, we try to identifying a simple, but workable approach for Arabic sentiment analysis on Twitter. Hence, this study aims to investigate the machine learning technique in terms of Arabic sentiment analysis on Twitter. Three techniques have been used including Naïve Bayes, Decision Tree (DT and Support Vector Machine (SVM. In addition, two simple sub-tasks pre-processing have been also used; Term Frequency-Inverse Document Frequency (TF-IDF and Arabic stemming to get the heaviest weight term as the feature for tweet classification. TF-IDF aims to identify the most frequent words, whereas stemming aims to retrieve the stem of the word by removing the inflectional derivations. The dataset that has been used is Modern Arabic Corpus which consists of Arabic tweets. The performance of classification has been evaluated based on the information retrieval metrics precision, recall and f-measure. The experimental results have shown that DT has outperformed the other techniques by obtaining 78% of f-measure.

  5. Twittering with Python

    OpenAIRE

    Andreas SCHREIBER

    2009-01-01

    The use of the Web 2.0 service Twitter is growing rapidly. More and more people, projects, companies, organizations, or others are using Twitter to send out a lot of 140 character messages to the world (i.e., their followers). This talk gives an overview of how to use Python for automating Twitter actions, such as sending tweets, viewing tweets of friends, and managing the list of Twitter friends. The various existing Python libraries for accessing the Twitter API are presented and compar...

  6. Privacy-Preserving Discovery of Topic-Based Events from Social Sensor Signals: An Experimental Study on Twitter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duc T. Nguyen

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Social network services (e.g., Twitter and Facebook can be regarded as social sensors which can capture a number of events in the society. Particularly, in terms of time and space, various smart devices have improved the accessibility to the social network services. In this paper, we present a social software platform to detect a number of meaningful events from information diffusion patterns on such social network services. The most important feature is to process the social sensor signal for understanding social events and to support users to share relevant information along the social links. The platform has been applied to fetch and cluster tweets from Twitter into relevant categories to reveal hot topics.

  7. Facebook Faceoff

    Science.gov (United States)

    Technology & Learning, 2009

    2009-01-01

    This article presents excerpts from a forum debate on techlearning.com. The contributors of the forum discuss whether social networking has a place in schools and whether sites like Facebook are healthy, safe places for the children to hang out. They also discuss the pros and cons of social networking in the K-12 school environment.

  8. The effect of Twitter exposure on false memory formation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fenn, Kimberly M; Griffin, Nicholas R; Uitvlugt, Mitchell G; Ravizza, Susan M

    2014-12-01

    Social media sites such as Facebook and Twitter have increased drastically in popularity. However, information on these sites is not verified and may contain inaccuracies. It is well-established that false information encountered after an event can lead to memory distortion. Therefore, social media may be particularly harmful for autobiographical memory. Here, we tested the effect of Twitter on false memory. We presented participants with a series of images that depicted a story and then presented false information about the images in a scrolling feed that bore either a low or high resemblance to a Twitter feed. Confidence for correct information was similar across the groups, but confidence for suggested information was significantly lower when false information was presented in a Twitter format. We propose that individuals take into account the medium of the message when integrating information into memory.

  9. Twitter Fiction: A New Creative Literary Landscape

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laila Al Sharaqi

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Twitter, synonymous with social networking, has become a successful social platform for the exchange of ideas, news, and information. It has also emerged as an experimental platform through which users explore creative realms of poetic and narrative content, albeit in 140 characters. The real-time tweets are fundamentally unique and increasingly sophisticated. The attention deficit generation of the fast-paced contemporary world has little time on its hands for extended discourse. Brief stories have been told throughout human history, however, the popularity of short stories skyrocketed with the advent of digital story telling. Twitter has now become a frontier medium that allows a unique mode of digital storytelling that facilitates creative literary experimentation. Twitter offers a unique freedom to writers insofar as a tweet can be an entire bite-sized story or even a snapshot of a story that requires readers’ active imagination to complete. Twitter fiction signifies stylistic word economy, compactness, symbolic structure, and implied narrative. Fragmentariness of the story is a marker of Twitter fiction. The proponents of Twitter fiction enjoy the originality, freedom, and diversity of perspectives offered by the Twitter fiction. Critics, however, argue that the mandated 140 character limitation stunts story development and strangulates creativity. This paper examines Twitter fiction and proposes that limited characters stories are the evolutionary answer to the reduced attention span of the tech-savvy generation. Keywords: twitterature, fiction, brevity, literary art

  10. Detecting suicidality on Twitter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bridianne O'Dea

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Twitter is increasingly investigated as a means of detecting mental health status, including depression and suicidality, in the population. However, validated and reliable methods are not yet fully established. This study aimed to examine whether the level of concern for a suicide-related post on Twitter could be determined based solely on the content of the post, as judged by human coders and then replicated by machine learning. From 18th February 2014 to 23rd April 2014, Twitter was monitored for a series of suicide-related phrases and terms using the public Application Program Interface (API. Matching tweets were stored in a data annotation tool developed by the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO. During this time, 14,701 suicide-related tweets were collected: 14% were randomly (n = 2000 selected and divided into two equal sets (Set A and B for coding by human researchers. Overall, 14% of suicide-related tweets were classified as ‘strongly concerning’, with the majority coded as ‘possibly concerning’ (56% and the remainder (29% considered ‘safe to ignore’. The overall agreement rate among the human coders was 76% (average κ = 0.55. Machine learning processes were subsequently applied to assess whether a ‘strongly concerning’ tweet could be identified automatically. The computer classifier correctly identified 80% of ‘strongly concerning’ tweets and showed increasing gains in accuracy; however, future improvements are necessary as a plateau was not reached as the amount of data increased. The current study demonstrated that it is possible to distinguish the level of concern among suicide-related tweets, using both human coders and an automatic machine classifier. Importantly, the machine classifier replicated the accuracy of the human coders. The findings confirmed that Twitter is used by individuals to express suicidality and that such posts evoked a level of concern that warranted

  11. Social media, text messaging, and email-preferences of asthma patients between 12 and 40 years old.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baptist, Alan P; Thompson, Michael; Grossman, Karla Stoermer; Mohammed, Layla; Sy, Annie; Sanders, Georgiana M

    2011-10-01

    Electronic media such as social media (Facebook, Twitter, MySpace), email, and text messaging could be useful in the management of asthma. However, patient use and preferences for electronic media in asthma management is currently unknown. A survey was sent to asthma patients between 12-40 years of age. The survey collected demographic information, use of electronic media, interest in using electronic media to receive asthma information, and interest in using electronic media to communicate with a health care provider about asthma. Free text entries were encouraged. 145 completed surveys were returned. Text messaging, email, and Facebook were used at least weekly by a majority of respondents (82%, 77%, and 65%, respectively). Email was clearly the most preferred method to receive asthma information and to communicate with a physician. There was some interest in using Facebook or text messaging, whereas Myspace and Twitter had minimal interest. On logistic regression analysis, female and Black or Hispanic participants were more likely to have an interest in the use of electronic media for asthma care. Frequent users (>1X/week) of each electronic media type had greater enthusiasm for their incorporation into asthma care. Free text entries revealed that many participants felt social media sites were for connecting with friends rather than for health care, and privacy concerns were also raised. Electronic media offers a novel way to improve asthma care. Email was the most preferred method, though text messaging and social media sites like Facebook may be appropriate for certain patients.

  12. The Twitter Book

    CERN Document Server

    O'Reilly, Tim

    2009-01-01

    This practical guide will teach you everything you need to know to quickly become a Twitter power user, including strategies and tactics for using Twitter's 140-character messages as a serious--and effective--way to boost your business. Co-written by Tim O'Reilly and Sarah Milstein, widely followed and highly respected Twitterers, the practical information in The Twitter Book is presented in a fun, full-color format that's packed with helpful examples and clear explanations.A Sneak Preview on SlideShare

  13. The Twitter Book

    CERN Document Server

    O'Reilly, Tim

    2011-01-01

    Twitter is not just for talking about your breakfast anymore. It's become an indispensable communications tool for businesses, non-profits, celebrities, and people around the globe. With the second edition of this friendly, full-color guide, you'll quickly get up to speed not only on standard features, but also on new options and nuanced uses that will help you tweet with confidence. Co-written by two widely recognized Twitter experts, The Twitter Book is packed with all-new real-world examples, solid advice, and clear explanations guaranteed to turn you into a power user. Use Twitter to con

  14. Literatura en Twitter. A propósito del Twitter Fiction Festival / Literature in Twitter. About the Twitter Fiction Festival

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Concepción Torres Begines

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo se propone establecer una serie de características referidas a la literatura en Twitter teniendo en cuenta la importancia que tiene el usuario en el proceso creativo de la obra. Para ello hemos realizado un análisis de las principales propuestas presentadas en el Twitter Fiction Festival, celebrado en línea a través de la plataforma y que ha contado con una importante acogida por parte del público, el cual representa una fuente de materiales esencial para este tipo de investigaciones. This article aims to establish a series of characteristics referred to the literary forms on Twitter, regarding the role played by the user in the creative process of the final work. For this purpose, we have made an analysis of the main proposals presented during the Twitter Fiction Festival, performed exclusively on line through the platform and that has been warmly welcome by the public, which represents an essential source for this kind of research.

  15. U.S. State Education Agencies’ Use of Twitter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yinying Wang

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This study examined how Twitter was used by all U.S. state education agencies (SEAs for public engagement in education. Drawing on the ecological model of communication, this study analyzed the latest 71,913 tweets from 40 SEAs that had official Twitter accounts. The results of correlation analysis indicate no significant relationship between the SEAs’ presence on Twitter and the SEAs’ targeted Twitter users, denoting that the SEAs’ well-intentioned efforts in communicating with stakeholders and the public by using Twitter might fall short of the public’s preferable medium for receiving information. In addition, the results of content analysis suggest that the SEAs primarily used Twitter for one-way asymmetrical information broadcasting, leaving Twitter’s two-way symmetrical communication functionality largely untapped. Findings are discussed with respect to the implications for educational organizations’ effective use of Twitter through the public’s increased participation and collaboration.

  16. How do politicians use Facebook? An applied Social Observatory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simon Caton

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available In the age of the digital generation, written public data is ubiquitous and acts as an outlet for today's society. Platforms like Facebook, Twitter, Google+ and LinkedIn have profoundly changed how we communicate and interact. They have enabled the establishment of and participation in digital communities as well as the representation, documentation and exploration of social behaviours, and had a disruptive effect on how we use the Internet. Such digital communications present scholars with a novel way to detect, observe, analyse and understand online communities over time. This article presents the formalization of a Social Observatory: a low latency method for the observation and measurement of social indicators within an online community. Our framework facilitates interdisciplinary research methodologies via tools for data acquisition and analysis in inductive and deductive settings. By focusing our Social Observatory on the public Facebook profiles of 187 federal German politicians we illustrate how we can analyse and measure sentiment, public opinion, and information discourse in advance of the federal elections. To this extent, we analysed 54,665 posts and 231,147 comments, creating a composite index of overall public sentiment and the underlying conceptual discussion themes. Our case study demonstrates the observation of communities at various resolutions: “zooming” in on specific subsets or communities as a whole. The results of the case study illustrate the ability to observe published sentiment and public dialogue as well as the difficulties associated with established methods within the field of sentiment analysis within short informal text.

  17. Facebook use and its relationship with sport anxiety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Encel, Kim; Mesagno, Christopher; Brown, Helen

    2017-04-01

    Social media (e.g., Facebook and Twitter) use has increased considerably since its inception; however, research examining the relationship between social media use and sport has not progressed as rapidly. The purpose of the current study was to explore the prevalence rates of Facebook use among athletes around and during sport competitions and to investigate the relationships between sport anxiety and Facebook use. Two hundred and ninety-eight athletes of varying levels completed measures for sport anxiety and Facebook use, which included descriptive information about Facebook use prior to, during and following competitions. Results indicated that 31.9% of athletes had used Facebook during a competition and 68.1% had accessed Facebook within 2 h prior to competition. Time spent on Facebook prior to competition was significantly (and positively) correlated with the concentration disruption component of sport anxiety. Furthermore, regression analyses revealed that having push notifications enabled on an athletes' phone predicted 4.4% of the variability in sport anxiety. The percentage of athletes who accessed Facebook within 2 h of, or during, a competition is somewhat alarming considering the importance of psychological preparation in sport, which may compromise optimal psychological readiness and may lead to increased sport anxiety.

  18. Joining the Twitter Conversation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hagman, Jessica

    2012-01-01

    Twitter is a microblogging site, one where users send out messages of no more than 140 characters. The messages, known as tweets, can be seen by anyone who follows the account. Twitter is free, but free as in kittens, not as in pizza. To use it effectively, it will take time to learn the language and develop content. When used effectively, Twitter…

  19. Twitter and political campaigning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vergeer, M.R.M.

    2015-01-01

    The use of Twitter by politicians, parties, and the general audience in politics, particularly during election campaigns, has become an extremely popular research field almost overnight. Even though Twitter, a medium that emerged early in 2006 – the first tweet was posted on 21 March 2006 by Jack Do

  20. Enhance Your Twitter Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Shannon McClintock

    2010-01-01

    The author has been encouraging teachers, students, and others to join Twitter and build their personal learning networks (PLNs) ever since she delved into this great social networking site. In this article, she offers a few other tools and tips that can improve the Twitter experience of those who have opened up an account and dabbled a bit but…

  1. Few Things About Idioms: Understanding Idioms and Its Users in the Twitter Online Social Network

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-22

    Shreyasi Das1, Niloy Ganguly1, and Saptarshi Ghosh2,3 1 Department of CSE, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur, India koustav.rudra...and Technology Shibpur, Howrah, India Abstract. To help users find popular topics of discussion, Twitter peri- odically publishes ‘trending topics...considering that it is a complex nine-class classification task. 3 URLs leading to social media sites like Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, are ignored

  2. Becoming More Than a Digital Bullhorn: Two Way Engagement on Twitter for Law Enforcement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-03-01

    a daily basis by its users, with 38 percent of its users signing in every day (compared to 70 percent for Facebook and 59 percent for Instagram ).66...for foreign-born social media companies .”140 Cho, Jung, and Park specifically studied the use of Twitter in the forty hours following the Japanese...source reviewed for this thesis that mentioned Klout, a private company that produces a score for individual Twitter users based on how influential

  3. Technology Corner: Automated Data Extraction Using Facebook

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nick Flor

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Because of Facebook’s popularity, law enforcement agents often use it as a key source of evidence. But like many user digital trails, there can be a large amount of data to extract for analysis. In this paper, we explore the basics of extracting data programmatically from a user’s Facebook via a Web app. A data extraction app requests data using the Facebook Graph API, and Facebook returns a JSON object containing the data. Before an app can access a user’s Facebook data, the user must log into Facebook and give permission. Thus, this approach is limited to situations where users give consent to the data extraction.

  4. Facebook Users’ Engagement and Perceived Life Satisfaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tammy R. Vigil

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This study extends existing research on Facebook’s impact on users’ life satisfaction. The results from two surveys of college students demonstrate a tension between Facebook use and users’ perceived contentment with their lives. Existing literature indicates students use Facebook to enhance self-esteem, yet the results from this study connect increased Facebook use to lower self-reported levels of happiness. In particular, respondents’ interactions with photos and videos increase users’ dissatisfaction. This phenomenon may be due to the impact photos have on the ways users engage in social comparisons with Facebook “friends” and the self-construals they create based on these comparisons.

  5. Facebook Users’ Engagement and Perceived Life Satisfaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tammy R. Vigil

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This study extends existing research on Facebook’s impact on users’ life satisfaction. The results from two surveys of college students demonstrate a tension between Facebook use and users’ perceived contentment with their lives. Existing literature indicates students use Facebook to enhance self-esteem, yet the results from this study connect increased Facebook use to lower self-reported levels of happiness. In particular, respondents’ interactions with photos and videos increase users’ dissatisfaction. This phenomenon may be due to the impact photos have on the ways users engage in social comparisons with Facebook “friends” and the self-construals they create based on these comparisons.

  6. Twitter Application Development For Dummies

    CERN Document Server

    Reagan, Dusty

    2010-01-01

    Get the guide to planning, developing and monetizing apps for Twitter!. Twitter is the one of the hottest trends in social networking. With several million users, Twitter's popularity is growing everyday. Twitter will continue to increase user base while third-party companies keep popping up all over to make money building Twitter apps for phones, advertising tools, analytics/management tools and more. Some of the most popular Twitter apps include TwitPic, Twhirl, TweetDeck, and FriendorFollow. With this book, author Dusty Reagan uses one of his unpublished Twitter app ideas and takes you thro

  7. Twitter and society

    CERN Document Server

    Weller, Katrin; Burgess, Jean; Mahrt, Merja

    2013-01-01

    Since its launch in 2006, Twitter has evolved from a niche service to a mass phenomenon; it has become instrumental for everyday communication as well as for political debates, crisis communication, marketing, and cultural participation. But the basic idea behind it has stayed the same: users may post short messages (tweets) of up to 140 characters and follow the updates posted by other users. Drawing on the experience of leading international Twitter researchers from a variety of disciplines and contexts, this is the first book to document the various notions and concepts of Twitter communica

  8. Twitter data analytics

    CERN Document Server

    Bruns, Axel; Lewandowski, Dirk

    2014-01-01

    It might still sound strange to dedicate an entire ebook exclusively to a single Internet platform. But it is not the company Twitter, Inc. that is the focus; this ebook is not about a platform and its features and services. It is about its users and the ways in which they interact with one another via the platform, about the situations that motivate people to share their thoughts publicly, using Twitter as a means to reach out to one another. And it is about the digital traces people leave behind when interacting with Twitter, and most of all about the ways in which these traces - as a new ty

  9. Syndromic classification of Twitter messages

    CERN Document Server

    Collier, Nigel

    2011-01-01

    Recent studies have shown strong correlation between social networking data and national influenza rates. We expanded upon this success to develop an automated text mining system that classifies Twitter messages in real time into six syndromic categories based on key terms from a public health ontology. 10-fold cross validation tests were used to compare Naive Bayes (NB) and Support Vector Machine (SVM) models on a corpus of 7431 Twitter messages. SVM performed better than NB on 4 out of 6 syndromes. The best performing classifiers showed moderately strong F1 scores: respiratory = 86.2 (NB); gastrointestinal = 85.4 (SVM polynomial kernel degree 2); neurological = 88.6 (SVM polynomial kernel degree 1); rash = 86.0 (SVM polynomial kernel degree 1); constitutional = 89.3 (SVM polynomial kernel degree 1); hemorrhagic = 89.9 (NB). The resulting classifiers were deployed together with an EARS C2 aberration detection algorithm in an experimental online system.

  10. Tweeting to Learn: Understanding Twitter through the Lens of Connectivism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nirupama Akella, MS

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Twitter, primarily a social media outlet, has recently started foraying and gaining a foothold in higher education. Written from a student perspective, this paper attempts to explain and critically discuss the usage and popularity of Twitter as a tool of active learning in higher education. The author writes about her student experience of using Twitter in her Public Relations Communications graduate class. The paper explores and scrutinizes the social media channel within the theoretical framework of connectivism.

  11. Do altmetrics work? Twitter and ten other social web services.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mike Thelwall

    Full Text Available Altmetric measurements derived from the social web are increasingly advocated and used as early indicators of article impact and usefulness. Nevertheless, there is a lack of systematic scientific evidence that altmetrics are valid proxies of either impact or utility although a few case studies have reported medium correlations between specific altmetrics and citation rates for individual journals or fields. To fill this gap, this study compares 11 altmetrics with Web of Science citations for 76 to 208,739 PubMed articles with at least one altmetric mention in each case and up to 1,891 journals per metric. It also introduces a simple sign test to overcome biases caused by different citation and usage windows. Statistically significant associations were found between higher metric scores and higher citations for articles with positive altmetric scores in all cases with sufficient evidence (Twitter, Facebook wall posts, research highlights, blogs, mainstream media and forums except perhaps for Google+ posts. Evidence was insufficient for LinkedIn, Pinterest, question and answer sites, and Reddit, and no conclusions should be drawn about articles with zero altmetric scores or the strength of any correlation between altmetrics and citations. Nevertheless, comparisons between citations and metric values for articles published at different times, even within the same year, can remove or reverse this association and so publishers and scientometricians should consider the effect of time when using altmetrics to rank articles. Finally, the coverage of all the altmetrics except for Twitter seems to be low and so it is not clear if they are prevalent enough to be useful in practice.

  12. Identification of loyal opinion leaders on Twitter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuela López

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Twitter has been chosen by lot of companies as social network site to create brand communities. Although consumers can write opinions about the brand in many websites, the development of brand communities enhances this word of mouth and allows consumers to spread the word about the brand in the brand community context. Some opinion leaders could be part of the brand community. Thus, companies can enhance positive word of mouth toward the brand by identifying these opinion leaders. However, the company needs to know whether the opinion leader is loyal to the brand in order to avoid negative word of mouth. Twitter offers information about community members that can be useful to identify these opinion leaders. This study analyzes both, the answers to an online questionnaire and the Twitter profile of 265 followers of three camera brands on Twitter. The results show that analyzing the information written by members in their Twitter profile, how many followers they have and how many people or brands they follow is key to identify loyal opinion leaders in brand communities developed in Twitter. Loyal opinion leaders have many followers; however, they do not follow many accounts in this social network site.

  13. Contracting the Facebook API

    CERN Document Server

    Rubinger, Ben; 10.4204/EPTCS.35.6

    2010-01-01

    In recent years, there has been an explosive growth in the popularity of online social networks such as Facebook. In a new twist, third party developers are now able to create their own web applications which plug into Facebook and work with Facebook's "social" data, enabling the entire Facebook user base of more than 400 million active users to use such applications. These client applications can contain subtle errors that can be hard to debug if they misuse the Facebook API. In this paper we present an experience report on applying Microsoft's new code contract system for the .NET framework to the Facebook API.We wrote contracts for several classes in the Facebook API wrapper which allows Microsoft .NET developers to implement Facebook applications. We evaluated the usefulness of these contracts during implementation of a new Facebook application. Our experience indicates that having code contracts provides a better and quicker software development experience.

  14. Policy Considerations on Facebook

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    van Dalen, Arjen; Fazekas, Zoltan; Klemmensen, Robert

    2015-01-01

    Given the importance of issue competition in aWest European context and the growing use of Facebook in elections, this paper studies how politicians use Facebook to shape the campaign agenda.We analyze the issues addressed in 6,388 Facebook posts by candidates in the Danish 2011 parliamentary...... election. A limited share of Facebook updates is dedicated to issues. The Facebook agenda did not respond to standings in the polls, nor to the media agenda or public agenda. Comparing issue engagement of new candidates and rerunning candidates we find that the Facebook campaign agenda is not simply...

  15. Facework on Facebook as a New Literacy Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davies, Julia

    2012-01-01

    This paper focuses on 25 UK teenagers' language and literacy practices on Facebook; it draws on data from interviews as well as from Facebook "walls". To explore whether Facebook provides opportunities for new literacy practices through text-making, the research considers how teenagers use the site to present themselves and "do…

  16. Facework on Facebook as a New Literacy Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davies, Julia

    2012-01-01

    This paper focuses on 25 UK teenagers' language and literacy practices on Facebook; it draws on data from interviews as well as from Facebook "walls". To explore whether Facebook provides opportunities for new literacy practices through text-making, the research considers how teenagers use the site to present themselves and "do…

  17. Facework on Facebook as a New Literacy Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davies, Julia

    2012-01-01

    This paper focuses on 25 UK teenagers' language and literacy practices on Facebook; it draws on data from interviews as well as from Facebook "walls". To explore whether Facebook provides opportunities for new literacy practices through text-making, the research considers how teenagers use the site to present themselves and "do friendship".…

  18. Sentiment analysis framework organization based on twitter corpus data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adela Beres

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Since its inception in 2006, Twitter has gathered millions of users. They post daily tweets about news, events or conversations. These tweets express their opinion about the topic they are discussing. Twitter is a large database of content that can be semantically exploited to extract opinions and based on these opinions to classify the users. This paper presents the organization of a sentiment analysis framework based on Twitter corpus data, including crawling tweets and opinion mining of the tweets, making it easy for its users to create portfolios of trustful Twitter accounts.

  19. Face to face(book): Social media, political campaigning and the unbearable lightness of being there

    OpenAIRE

    Ross, Karen; Bürger, Tobias

    2014-01-01

    It is undoubtedly true that social media such as Facebook and Twitter are influencing the ways in which politicians engage the public, no longer hostage to the gatekeeping proclivities of traditional media, but now able to broadcast their messages to anyone who wants to hear them. On the public’s side, we can now follow politicians who are on Twitter or have a Facebook fan page, comment on their tweets and posts, and send them messages directly. So far, so democratic. But how many of us actua...

  20. Agency and civic involvement in news production via Facebook commentary

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eberholst, Mads Kæmsgaard; Hartley, Jannie Møller

    Social media services such as Facebook, Twitter and Youtube, where users create and share content, has become a large part of most peoples everyday digital life and equally media companies has realised that these services plays a great role in peoples news con-sumption pattern. On these services...... users can contribute to the publication process, in theory broadening the diversity of public debate. This paper explores user involvement on the Facebook pages of Danish mainstream online newspapers in November 2012 and investigate the hypothesises that user interactivity gives audiences greater power...

  1. Twittering to increase student engagement in the university classroom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bridget K. Welch

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we explored the research question: Does Twitter in a large-lecture format university course produced a difference in levels of self-reported student engagement? To do so, we utilize a quasi-experimental design testing the effect of Twitter on student engagement in introductory sociology and anthropology courses. Our hypotheses predicted that students using Twitter would report higher levels of five forms of student engagement (academic, intellectual, peer, and beyond-class engagement, along with an overall engagement variable. While peer-reviewed literature and others’ anecdotal reporting would lead us to expect a positive result, we found no significant difference in any form of engagement when Twitter was part of the course than when it was not. In fact, we found that students enrolled in the control (non-Twitter condition perceived significantly higher levels of academic engagement then those in the experimental (used Twitter condition. We also included a second set of hypothesis predicting that students who reported enjoying using Twitter would perceive of themselves as more engaged than those who did not enjoy Twitter. These hypotheses were supported across all forms of engagement. We report these findings and utilize comments from an open-ended questionnaire to explore potential reasons accounting for these differences and how students perceived Twitter as a classroom tool.

  2. Preservice Teachers’ Facebook Usage and Their Perspectives about Facebook as a Professional Development Tool

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meryem KÖŞKEROĞLU BÜYÜKİMDAT

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available In this study, an explanatory mixed method design was employed to evaluate preservice information technology teachers‟ Facebook usage and their perspectives about Facebook as a professional development tool. In quantitative phase, data were collected through a Facebook usage survey on a total number of 338 undergraduate Computer Education and Instructional Technology (CEIT students from three representative state universities in Turkey. Survey results indicated that preservice teachers favored and utilized Facebook. To find out more in-depth data, the results of quantitative data analysis were used to develop a structured interview to be done with four preservice teachers who were selected purposefully. The data collected from the interviews were subjected to content analysis where coding was conducted to create meaningful organization of the data. According the results of this explanatory study especially communication, sharing and socializing capacity of Facebook were found important in terms of using Facebook as a professional development tool.

  3. FACEBOOK INFLUENCE ON CONSUMER BEHAVIOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomas Sparano Martins

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to analyze the impact of social network, Facebook, in consumer behavior of consumers in Curitiba (a city in Brazil. Specifically, the study sought to understand how the target audience searches for products, to what extent social network influence them, if they buy more or have brand recall in decisive moments. We collected data through a sample of 88 consumers in Curitiba and analyzed them from the interpretation of the statistical description. We concluded that the brands that keep their Facebook profiles active do not directly influence consumer behavior and do not encourage immediate purchase because consumers seek entertainment, information and relevant content on Facebook. However, the companies have opportunities to establish and strengthen relationship with their consumers.

  4. Использование сторонних интерфейсов программирования приложений на примере интерфейсов прикладного программирования социальных сетей Facebook и twitter

    OpenAIRE

    ЯНИШЕВСКАЯ А.Г.; ЧУРСИН М.А.

    2015-01-01

    Проблемы работы с различными типами API на примере социальных сетевых сервисов Facebook и Twitter. Использование Facebook Graph API для получения данных из социального графа Facebook. Схемы работы Streaming и REST типов API.

  5. Psychiatrists' Perceptions of Facebook and Other Social Media.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lis, Eric; Wood, Megan A; Chiniara, Carl; Biskin, Robert; Montoro, Richard

    2015-12-01

    The literature has seen a surge in research on the mental health impacts of technologies such as Facebook, Twitter and other social media, but little is known regarding how mental health workers perceive patients and clients who report use of such technologies. The present study examines how psychiatrists perceive social media and whether they make use of it. Psychiatrists (N = 48) at a tertiary care centre in Canada completed a questionnaire assessing history of using social networking sites (SNSs) such as Facebook and Google Plus and status update sites (SUSs) such as Twitter and Livejournal and whether they associate them with psychopathology. 38.5 % have used SNSs and 9.8 % have used SUSs. Only 37 % believed there was an association between psychopathology and SNSs while 33 % believed there was an association between psychopathology and SUSs. Implications for clinical practice and future research are discussed.

  6. Au pairs on Facebook

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dalgas, Karina Märcher

    2016-01-01

    Ethnographers are increasingly making use of Facebook to acquire access and general acquaintance with their field of study. However, little has been written on how Facebook is used methodologically in research that does not have social media sites as the main focus of interest. This article argues...... that engagement with Facebook as a methodological tool can be useful in research among migrants in highly politicised fields. Pointing to a discursive construction of Filipina au pairs as victims of labour exploitation, the article shows how fieldwork on Facebook enables the exploration of the ways in which...... and on Facebook....

  7. Au pairs on Facebook

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dalgas, Karina Märcher

    2016-01-01

    Ethnographers are increasingly making use of Facebook to acquire access and general acquaintance with their field of study. However, little has been written on how Facebook is used methodologically in research that does not have social media sites as the main focus of interest. This article argues...... that engagement with Facebook as a methodological tool can be useful in research among migrants in highly politicised fields. Pointing to a discursive construction of Filipina au pairs as victims of labour exploitation, the article shows how fieldwork on Facebook enables the exploration of the ways in which...... and on Facebook....

  8. Contracting the Facebook API

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    In recent years, there has been an explosive growth in the popularity of online social networks such as Facebook. In a new twist, third party developers are now able to create their own web applications which plug into Facebook and work with Facebook's "social" data, enabling the entire Facebook user base of more than 400 million active users to use such applications. These client applications can contain subtle errors that can be hard to debug if they misuse the Facebook API. In this paper w...

  9. Nurses and Twitter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wilson, Rhonda; Ranse, Jamie; Cashin, Andrew

    2014-01-01

    Nurses and other health professionals are adopting social media to network with health care professionals and organizations, support health education, deliver health promotion messages, enhance professional development and employment opportunities, and communicate within political forums....... This paper explores the growing use of social media, and examines the current dynamics of Twitter as an example of the uptake of social media. This paper also offers practical guidance for new Twitter users who are interested in using this social media approach in clinical or educational settings...

  10. Twitter for Libraries (and Librarians)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milstein, Sarah

    2009-01-01

    For many people, the word "twitter" brings to mind birds rather than humans. But information professionals know that Twitter (www.twitter.com) is a fast-growing, free messaging service for people, and it's one that libraries (and librarians) can make good use of--without spending much time or effort. This article discusses the many potential uses…

  11. Affective Computing Model for the Set Pair Users on Twitter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chunying Zhang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Affective computing is the calculation about sentiment, sentiment generated and the aspects of affecting the sentiment. However, the different factors often cause the uncertainty of sentiment expression of the users. Today twitter as the information media of real-time and timely has become better sentiment expression vector for users themselves. Therefore, in allusion to the diversity of sentiment form of twitter information to express sentiment, this paper constructs affective computing model, starting from the differences of the constituted form of Twitter based on set pair theory to make analysis and calculation for user sentiment, from the text, emoticon, picture information and other multi-angle to analyze the positive, negative and uncertain emotion of the users for the signal twitter, consolidating the weight of various parts in emotional information, building hierarchical set pair affective computing model for twitter users, to offer more favorable data support for the relevant departments and businesses.

  12. Facebook Pages and the Effects of Reputation Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicoleta Ciacu

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to identify the categories which own the largest number of Facebook pages as well as the Romanian Facebook pages which have the largest number of fans. Another aim of this study is to analyse the categories generating the largest number of fans on their official Facebook pages, the increase of the number of fans in the last month and the Facebook pages generating the biggest feedback among their fans. The data was collected by using Social Media analysis sites, such as www.socialbakers.com and www.facebrands.ro. The study sample comprises 20 Facebook pages with the largest number of fans.

  13. Managing Participation through Modal Affordances on Twitter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fawn Draucker

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available On Twitter, retweets function as a method of reporting speech and spreading the talk of other users. We propose that changes to the interface and mechanisms of Twitter have led to the coexistence of two complementary forms of retweeting. The Preserving Retweet, enabled by the Twitter interface, directly reports speech and retains attribution to the original author, but it does not allow for any modification or indication of stance. The Adapting Retweet, a user-created norm studied by boyd et al. (2010, allows users the option to add comments to pre-existing tweets but resulting in confusion in attribution. Using an updated form of Goffman’s participation framework, we analyze the use of these two types of retweets and their impact on attribution.

  14. Automatic Sarcasm Detection in Twitter Messages

    OpenAIRE

    Ræder, Johan Georg Cyrus Mazaher

    2016-01-01

    In the past decade, social media like Twitter have become popular and a part of everyday life for many people. Opinion mining of the thoughts and opinions they share can be of interest to, e.g., companies and organizations. The sentiment of a text can be drastically altered when figurative language such as sarcasm is used. This thesis presents a system for automatic sarcasm detection in Twitter messages. To get a better understanding of the field, state-of-the-art systems fo...

  15. Twitter Tips, Tricks, and Tweets

    CERN Document Server

    McFedries, Paul

    2010-01-01

    Maximize your fun and boost your productivity with this updated, full-color guide to tantalizing Twitter tips!. The popularity of Twitter continues to soar, and is fast becoming the most popular social networking site online. Whether you're looking to learn how to set up an account for the first time or are on the prowl for some cool third-party Twitter apps, this full-color guide will boost your entire Twitter experience. Allowing you to communicate with fellow Twitters within a 140-character limit, this fun and fascinating social networking tool is easier than maintaining a blog and quicker

  16. Twitter and Canadian Educators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooke, Max

    2012-01-01

    An emerging group of leaders in Canadian education has attracted thousands of followers. They've made Twitter an extension of their lives, delivering twenty or more tweets a day that can include, for example, links to media articles, research, new ideas from education bloggers, or to their own, or simply a personal thought. At their best,…

  17. SocialCloudShare: a Facebook Application for a Relationship-based Information Sharing in the Cloud

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Davide Albertini

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available In last few years, Online Social Networks (OSNs have become one of the most used platforms for sharing data (e.g., pictures, short texts on the Internet. Nowadays Facebook and Twitter are the most popular OSN providers, though they implement different social models. However, independently from the social model they implement, OSN platforms have become a widespread repository of personal information. All these data (e.g., profile information, shared elements, users’ likes are stored in a centralized repository that can be exploited for data mining and marketing analysis. With this data collection process, lots of sensitive information are gathered by OSN providers that, in time, have become more and more targeted by malicious attackers. To overcome this problem, in this paper we present an architectural framework that, by means of a Social Application registered in Facebook, allows users to move their data (e.g., relationships, resources outside the OSN realm and to store them in the public Cloud. Given that the public Cloud is not a secure and private environment, our proposal provides users security and privacy guarantees over their data by encrypting the resources and by anonymizing their social graphs. The presented framework enforces Relationship-Based Access Control (ReBAC rules over the anonymized social graph, providing OSN users the possibility to selectively share information and resources as they are used to do in Facebook.

  18. Campanha eleitoral no Facebook: usos, configurações e o papel atribuído a este site pelos candidatos durante as eleições municipais de 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camilo de Oliveira Aggio

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Since 2004 Social Networking Sites (SNS’s have been used by candidates and parties as an essential part of online communication strategies. With Facebook, Twitter, MySpace and YouTube ranking as the most popular SNS’s among political campaigns along this period, political communication researchers have been paying more attention to the political dimension of these online channels. Notwithstanding, there are deep gaps in online campaign literature concerning the Facebook usage as campaign instrument by parties and candidates despite its popularity among internet users. In this paper we intend to contribute in filling this literature gap by quantifying how extensive was the presence of three mayoral candidates from three different Brazilian state capitals: São Paulo, Salvador and Manaus. Thus, we present how the three candidates performed on Facebook considering two fundamental aspects: (a how the campaigns adapted their contents to the users’ communication codes and (b in which ways Facebook campaign contents were linked to contents from others campaigns’ official profiles on Social Networking Sites such as YouTube. Based on our analysis we demonstrate that Facebook played a central and integrating role in the three campaigns analyzed.

  19. Facebook Application Development For Dummies

    CERN Document Server

    Stay, Jesse

    2011-01-01

    A fun and easy guide to creating the next great Facebook app! Want to build the next runaway Facebook app like Farmville or Mafia Wars? Interested in leveraging Facebook app development as part of a marketing strategy? Whether you want to build your own Facebook app from scratch, extend an existing Facebook app, or create a game, this book gets you up and running in no time. Master the Facebook toolkit, get acquainted with the Facebook Markup and Query languages, navigate the Facebook API-even learn how to make money with your new app!Shows you how to build the next great Facebook application

  20. CAMPANHA ELEITORAL NO FACEBOOK - Usos, configurações e o papel atribuído a este site pelos candidatos durante as eleições municipais de 2012

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Camilo de Oliveira Aggio; Lucas Dos Santos Reis

    2013-01-01

    .... With Facebook, Twitter, MySpace and YouTube ranking as the most popular SNSs among political campaigns along this period, political communication researchers have been paying more attention to the...

  1. Campanha eleitoral no Facebook: usos, configurações e o papel atribuído a este site pelos candidatos durante as eleições municipais de 2012

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Camilo de Oliveira Aggio; Lucas Dos Santos Reis

    2013-01-01

    .... With Facebook, Twitter, MySpace and YouTube ranking as the most popular SNS’s among political campaigns along this period, political communication researchers have been paying more attention to the political dimension of these online channels...

  2. The Effects of Twitter Sentiment on Stock Price Returns.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriele Ranco

    Full Text Available Social media are increasingly reflecting and influencing behavior of other complex systems. In this paper we investigate the relations between a well-known micro-blogging platform Twitter and financial markets. In particular, we consider, in a period of 15 months, the Twitter volume and sentiment about the 30 stock companies that form the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA index. We find a relatively low Pearson correlation and Granger causality between the corresponding time series over the entire time period. However, we find a significant dependence between the Twitter sentiment and abnormal returns during the peaks of Twitter volume. This is valid not only for the expected Twitter volume peaks (e.g., quarterly announcements, but also for peaks corresponding to less obvious events. We formalize the procedure by adapting the well-known "event study" from economics and finance to the analysis of Twitter data. The procedure allows to automatically identify events as Twitter volume peaks, to compute the prevailing sentiment (positive or negative expressed in tweets at these peaks, and finally to apply the "event study" methodology to relate them to stock returns. We show that sentiment polarity of Twitter peaks implies the direction of cumulative abnormal returns. The amount of cumulative abnormal returns is relatively low (about 1-2%, but the dependence is statistically significant for several days after the events.

  3. Facebook as a tool to Enhance Team Based Learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sami M. Alhomod

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A growing number of educators are using social networking sites (SNS to communicate with their students. Facebook is one such example which is widely used by students and educators. Facebook has been recently used by many educational institutions but most of these have been related to provide the information to the general audience. There has not been much study done to propose Facebook as an educational tool in a classroom scenario. The aim of this paper is to propose the idea of using Facebook in team based learning (TBL scenario. The paper demonstrates the use of Facebook at each level of TBL The paper shows how Facebook can be used by students and teacher to communicate with each other in a TBL system. The paper also explains teacher – team and teacher –student communication via Facebook.

  4. Does Twitter trigger bursts in signature collections?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rui Yamaguchi

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: The quantification of social media impacts on societal and political events is a difficult undertaking. The Japanese Society of Oriental Medicine started a signature-collecting campaign to oppose a medical policy of the Government Revitalization Unit to exclude a traditional Japanese medicine, "Kampo," from the public insurance system. The signature count showed a series of aberrant bursts from November 26 to 29, 2009. In the same interval, the number of messages on Twitter including the keywords "Signature" and "Kampo," increased abruptly. Moreover, the number of messages on an Internet forum that discussed the policy and called for signatures showed a train of spikes. METHODS AND FINDINGS: In order to estimate the contributions of social media, we developed a statistical model with state-space modeling framework that distinguishes the contributions of multiple social media in time-series of collected public opinions. We applied the model to the time-series of signature counts of the campaign and quantified contributions of two social media, i.e., Twitter and an Internet forum, by the estimation. We found that a considerable portion (78% of the signatures was affected from either of the social media throughout the campaign and the Twitter effect (26% was smaller than the Forum effect (52% in total, although Twitter probably triggered the initial two bursts of signatures. Comparisons of the estimated profiles of the both effects suggested distinctions between the social media in terms of sustainable impact of messages or tweets. Twitter shows messages on various topics on a time-line; newer messages push out older ones. Twitter may diminish the impact of messages that are tweeted intermittently. CONCLUSIONS: The quantification of social media impacts is beneficial to better understand people's tendency and may promote developing strategies to engage public opinions effectively. Our proposed method is a promising tool to explore

  5. ‘I just saw this on Facebook, I need it now’: Exploring Small Business use of Facebook

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naomi Augar

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports on a study exploring social media adoption and use by twelve small businesses. Results indicate that Facebook is the dominant platform used and it can provide small businesses with a virtually cost free and easy way to reach customers. Businesses reported immediate results from using Facebook; customers arrived in store after seeing Facebook posts. Participants felt there were minimal risks involved and none had experienced negative feedback or inappropriate posts. Most felt that using Facebook increased their competitive advantage due to their enhanced online profile. Despite some effort to engage customers, business to consumer transfer of information is the primary function of the Facebook pages studied. Page owners report limited training for and analysis of their Facebook activities. This indicates a need for further research in the small business context, focused on approaches to boosting customer interaction, to realize the full potential of Facebook engagement.

  6. Organization Still Matters: Parties' Characteristics, Posting and Followers' Reactions on Facebook

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Borge, Rosa; Esteve Del Valle, Marc

    2017-01-01

    Use of social media by political parties has become a part of their communication strategies. In Catalonia, where around 20% of Internet users obtain political information through Facebook and Twitter, parties use these channels widely. This article has examined 814 posts, 5,772 comments, 52,470 lik

  7. Organization Still Matters: Parties' Characteristics, Posting and Followers' Reactions on Facebook

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Borge, Rosa; Esteve Del Valle, Marc

    2017-01-01

    Use of social media by political parties has become a part of their communication strategies. In Catalonia, where around 20% of Internet users obtain political information through Facebook and Twitter, parties use these channels widely. This article has examined 814 posts, 5,772 comments, 52,470

  8. Organization Still Matters: Parties' Characteristics, Posting and Followers' Reactions on Facebook

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Borge, Rosa; Esteve Del Valle, Marc

    2017-01-01

    Use of social media by political parties has become a part of their communication strategies. In Catalonia, where around 20% of Internet users obtain political information through Facebook and Twitter, parties use these channels widely. This article has examined 814 posts, 5,772 comments, 52,470 lik

  9. Do Motivations for Using Facebook Moderate the Association Between Facebook Use and Psychological Well-Being?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James eRae

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Previous investigations of the relationship between Facebook use and psychological well-being have most commonly considered variables relating to the quantity (e.g. time spent online and underlying motivations (e.g. making new friends of Facebook consumption. However, previous research has reached contradictory conclusions in that quantity of Facebook use has been linked to both higher and lower levels of psychological well-being. The current study investigated whether these contradictory findings of quantity of Facebook use could be explained by considering users’ motivations for accessing Facebook. We predicted that quantity of use would be positively associated with psychological well-being when users primarily accessed Facebook to maintain existing relationships but negatively associated with psychological well-being when primarily accessed to create new relationships. In a sample of college undergraduates (N=119, we found that the relationship of quantity of Facebook use on psychological well-being was moderated by the motivation of the user. Quantity of Facebook use was associated with higher levels of psychological well-being among users that accessed Facebook for friendship purposes but was negatively associated with psychological well-being among users that accessed for connection purposes (e.g. making new friends. We also replicated our results across dimensions of psychological well-being (e.g. anxiety and life satisfaction. The current findings provide initial evidence that quantity and motivations of Facebook use interact with potentially serious implications for psychological well-being and also provide possible explanation for why quantity of Facebook use can be linked with both positive and negative psychological well-being.

  10. Twitter, Journalism and Affective Labour

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugenia Siapera

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The rise of the network aspects of journalism in the context of social mediasuch as Twitter, and the increased importance accorded to community building and maintenance as well as to reciprocity, point to the need to take into account the affective part of journalistic labour. This refers to these aspects of journalistic work that are linked to the creation of networks and communities, to interactions with readers and the forming of bonds between journalists and their readers. An analysis of the affective labour of journalists on Twitter, we argue, is necessary in order to understand the potential and ambiguities of this part of their labour. Based on a set of in-depth interviews with Twitter journalists, this article found three main repertoires of affective labour: the organic relations repertoire, which points to the increasing importance of authenticity as a means of establishing credibility on Twitter; the temporal repertoire; and the repertoire of responsibility. The importance of the affective labour of journalism is found in its biopolitical productivity. The development of an organic relationship with followers, the emergence of stronger bonds between core groups that then become communities, the extension of care and help to the network, are all evidence of the importance of this biopolitical productivity and point to the construction of a new and potentially more radical sociopolitical role for journalism. However, this potential is ambiguous insofar as these elements contain unresolved tensions and ambiguities. These include the trade in selves and the associated commodification; the re-formulation of time, especially its diachronic dimension, as accumulation of social capital; the role of reciprocity and responsibility in reproducing inequalities; and care as care for only those deemed deserving. These ambiguities severely undermine and limit the potentials of affective labour, pointing to the need to develop a purposeful political

  11. Astrophysicists' conversational connections on Twitter.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim Holmberg

    Full Text Available Because Twitter and other social media are increasingly used for analyses based on altmetrics, this research sought to understand what contexts, affordance use, and social activities influence the tweeting behavior of astrophysicists. Thus, the presented study has been guided by three research questions that consider the influence of astrophysicists' activities (i.e., publishing and tweeting frequency and of their tweet construction and affordance use (i.e. use of hashtags, language, and emotions on the conversational connections they have on Twitter. We found that astrophysicists communicate with a variety of user types (e.g. colleagues, science communicators, other researchers, and educators and that in the ego networks of the astrophysicists clear groups consisting of users with different professional roles can be distinguished. Interestingly, the analysis of noun phrases and hashtags showed that when the astrophysicists address the different groups of very different professional composition they use very similar terminology, but that they do not talk to each other (i.e. mentioning other user names in tweets. The results also showed that in those areas of the ego networks that tweeted more the sentiment of the tweets tended to be closer to neutral, connecting frequent tweeting with information sharing activities rather than conversations or expressing opinions.

  12. Twitter's visual pulse

    OpenAIRE

    Hare, Jonathon; Samangooei, Sina; Dupplaw, David; Lewis, Paul H.

    2013-01-01

    Millions of images are tweeted every day, yet very little research has looked at the non-textual aspect of social media communication. In this work we have developed a system to analyse streams of image data. In particular we explore trends in similar, related, evolving or even duplicated visual artefacts in the mass of tweeted image data — in short, we explore the visual pulse of Twitter.

  13. Identifying Depression on Twitter

    OpenAIRE

    Nadeem, Moin

    2016-01-01

    Social media has recently emerged as a premier method to disseminate information online. Through these online networks, tens of millions of individuals communicate their thoughts, personal experiences, and social ideals. We therefore explore the potential of social media to predict, even prior to onset, Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) in online personas. We employ a crowdsourced method to compile a list of Twitter users who profess to being diagnosed with depression. Using up to a year of pri...

  14. The Facebook-self: Characteristics and psychological predictors of false self-presentation on Facebook

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oren eGil-Or

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available In this study we present and empirically examine a new phenomenon related to social networking sites, such as Facebook, the false Facebook-self. Arguably false self-presentation on Facebook is a growing phenomenon, and in extreme cases; i.e., when ones Facebook image substantially deviates from their true image, it may serve as a gateway behavior to more problematic behaviors which may lead to psychological problems and even pathologies. In this study we show that certain users are more vulnerable to such false self-presentation than others. The study involved 258 Facebook users. Applying ANOVA and SEM analyses we show that users with low self-esteem and low trait authenticity are more likely than others to present a Facebook-self which deviates from their true selves. These social-interaction-related traits are influenced by one’s upbringing and the anxious and avoidant attachment styles he or she has developed. Several cases (7.5% with large gaps between the true and false Facebook-self were detected, which implies that future research should consider the adverse consequences and treatments of high levels of false Facebook-self.

  15. Cancer Communication on Social Media: Examining How Cancer Caregivers Use Facebook for Cancer-Related Communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gage-Bouchard, Elizabeth A; LaValley, Susan; Mollica, Michelle; Beaupin, Lynda Kwon

    Americans are increasingly using social media (such as Facebook, YouTube, and Twitter) for health-related communication. Much of the previous research on social media and health communication has focused on Facebook groups related to a specific disease or Facebook pages related to an advocacy organization. Less is known about how people communicate about cancer on personal Facebook pages. In this study, we expand upon previous research by examining how cancer caregivers use personal Facebook pages for cancer-related communication. We examined themes in cancer-related exchanges through a content analysis of 12 months of data from 18 publically available Facebook pages hosted by parents of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (15 852 total posts). Six themes emerged: (1) documenting the cancer journey, (2) sharing emotional strain associated with caregiving, (3) promoting awareness and advocacy about pediatric cancer, (4) fundraising, (5) mobilizing support, and (6) expressing gratitude for support. Building upon previous research documenting the increasing use of social media for health-related communication and support, our findings show that personal Facebook pages offer a platform for cancer caregivers to share their cancer-related experiences, promote advocacy and awareness, and mobilize social support. Providers must recognize the importance of social media as a vehicle for support and communication for families of children with cancer. Nurses should educate parents on how to appraise information obtained through Facebook using evidence-based guidelines. Providers can encourage caregivers to use Facebook as a tool for communication, information, and support.

  16. Global Health and Social Media: Using Instagram and Twitter in an Open Online Class for Global Service-Learning Projects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Messner, Marcus; Medina-Messner, Vivian; Guidry, Jeanine

    2016-01-01

    Course description: An undergraduate open online course used Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram to explore global health issues and designed social media campaigns for nonprofit clients. Social media platforms were used as teaching as well as learning platforms to allow students to explore their real life applications in global health contexts.

  17. The Facebook Papers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balzhiser, Deborah; Grover, Mandy; Lauer, Evelyn; McNeely, Sarah; Polk, Jonathan D.; Zmikly, Jon; Holmes, Cade; Porter, Ellen; Saucier, Corey; Swearingen, Tiffany

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this project was to explore and document one approach for integrating social media--Facebook, really--into freshman writing. The assignment using Facebook was first given in 2006 and twice more through 2009. Our report on the project takes the form of a network; the content is distributed across the wall, info, and notes sections of…

  18. Regionaal gekwetter : Ervaringen met Twitter bij incidentbestrijding

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Voorst, J. van; Treurniet, W.

    2011-01-01

    Het professioneel gebruik van Twitter krijgt binnen de veiligheidsregio’s steeds meer aandacht. Deze aandacht gaat vooral uit naar de kracht van Twitter als communicatiemiddel. Kan Twitter ook een bijdrage leveren aan de beeldvorming van hulpverleningsdiensten?

  19. CYBER COUNSELING ASSISTED WITH FACEBOOK TO REDUCE ONLINE GAME ADDICTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hardi Prasetiawan

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Cyber counseling is divided into various shapes, one form is the use of facebook. Guidance and counseling teacher in schools can implement the cyber counseling assited with facebook to reduce online game addiction the students who are more likely to prefer to communicate by text relationship, and students who do not feel comfortable with counseling services by face to face. Problems of children who are addicted Online Games at school require a relief to effort with Group Counseling assited with facebook services for addressing and alleviating the problems experienced, both personal and social through cyber counseling. The positive impact of service delivery cyber counseling assited with facebook is not out of the role from well counselors as providers to service with the active role of students while finding information on social media like Facebook, so socializing continually needs to be implemented furtherKeyword : Cyber Counseling, Facebook, Online Game Addiction

  20. The pedagogy of Momus technologies: Facebook, privacy, and online intimacy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Manen, Max

    2010-08-01

    Through cable and wireless connections at home and at work, through Wi-Fi networks and wireless spots in hotels, coffee shops, and town squares, we are indeed connected to each other. But what is the phenomenology of this connection? Technologies of expression such as Facebook, MySpace, Twitter, and other social networking technologies increasingly become like Momus windows of Greek mythology, revealing one's innermost thoughts for all to see. They give access to what used to be personal, secret, and hidden in the lives of its users, especially the young. In this article I explore the pedagogy of Momus effects of social networking technologies in the way they may alter young people's experience of privacy, secrecy, solitude, and intimacy. In addition, I examine the forms of contact afforded by instant messaging and texting on wireless mobile technologies such as the cell phone (and its wireless hybrids) for the way young people are and stay in touch with each other, and how intimacies and inner lives are attended to.

  1. THE JOURNALISTIC UTTERANCE ON TWITTER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mabel Oliveira Teixeira

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to discuss the impact of the characteristics of the Twitter platform on the application of standard journalistic technique (TRAQUINA, 2008 during the creation and production of news releases as tweets and, at the same time, it seeks to identify their specifications regarding traditional journalistic utterances. Through the analysis of 134 tweets collected from newspaper profiles of Folha de S. Paulo, Zero Hora and Diário Popular, we have obtained indications that led us to confirm our central assumption. In other words, the hierarchical pattern and purpose that guide the creation of standard news, and therefore, the special language that characterizes traditional journalism, begin to give way to models that are more horizontal and interactive, that redesign the standard technique (based on the model of the Inverted Pyramid and thus, modify journalistic writing - interfering in its discursive effects (GOMES, 2000.

  2. TWEETS AND FACEBOOK POSTS, THE NOVELTY TECHNIQUES IN THE CREATION OF ORIGIN-DESTINATION MODELS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. K. Malema

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Social media and big data have emerged to be a useful source of information that can be used for planning purposes, particularly transportation planning and trip-distribution studies. Cities in developing countries such as South Africa often struggle with out-dated, unreliable and cumbersome techniques such as traffic counts and household surveys to conduct origin and destination studies. The emergence of ubiquitous crowd sourced data, big data, social media and geolocation based services has shown huge potential in providing useful information for origin and destination studies. Perhaps such information can be utilised to determine the origin and destination of commuters using the Gautrain, a high-speed railway in Gauteng province South Africa. To date little is known about the origins and destinations of Gautrain commuters. Accordingly, this study assesses the viability of using geolocation-based services namely Facebook and Twitter in mapping out the network movements of Gautrain commuters. Explorative Spatial Data Analysis (ESDA, Echo-social and ArcGis software were used to extract social media data, i.e. tweets and Facebook posts as well as to visualize the concentration of Gautrain commuters. The results demonstrate that big data and geolocation based services have the significant potential to predict movement network patterns of commuters and this information can thus, be used to inform and improve transportation planning. Nevertheless use of crowd sourced data and big data has privacy concerns that still need to be addressed.

  3. Mecanismos de humor verbal en Twitter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Simarro Vázquez

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The present article aims to characterize samples of verbal humor published on the social network Twitter. To do so, an analysis of 81 humorous texts published under the hashtag #otegi during 1 March 2016, on which date Arnaldo Otegi was released from prison after six years, was carried out. A pragmatic study of the tweets was performed, opting for the General Theory of Verbal Humor as a basis. The examination conducted reveals that the manner of presentation of opposing scripts, the logical mechanisms availed of to resolve this kind of incongruity, the special narrative strategies selected and the linguistic choices made are determined at all times by the circumstances in which the texts are presented and the upper limit constraint of 140 characters per Twitter publication.

  4. Modeling Educational Usage of Facebook

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazman, Sacide Guzin; Usluel, Yasemin Kocak

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to design a structural model explaining how users could utilize Facebook for educational purposes. In order to shed light on the educational usage of Facebook, in constructing the model, the relationship between users' Facebook adoption processes and their educational use of Facebook were included indirectly while the…

  5. Modeling Educational Usage of Facebook

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazman, Sacide Guzin; Usluel, Yasemin Kocak

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to design a structural model explaining how users could utilize Facebook for educational purposes. In order to shed light on the educational usage of Facebook, in constructing the model, the relationship between users' Facebook adoption processes and their educational use of Facebook were included indirectly while the…

  6. Public Response to Obamacare on Twitter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Kai; Liu, Yang; Levy, Helen

    2017-01-01

    Background The Affordable Care Act (ACA), often called “Obamacare,” is a controversial law that has been implemented gradually since its enactment in 2010. Polls have consistently shown that public opinion of the ACA is quite negative. Objective The aim of our study was to examine the extent to which Twitter data can be used to measure public opinion of the ACA over time. Methods We prospectively collected a 10% random sample of daily tweets (approximately 52 million since July 2011) using Twitter’s streaming application programming interface (API) from July 10, 2011 to July 31, 2015. Using a list of key terms and ACA-specific hashtags, we identified tweets about the ACA and examined the overall volume of tweets about the ACA in relation to key ACA events. We applied standard text sentiment analysis to assign each ACA tweet a measure of positivity or negativity and compared overall sentiment from Twitter with results from the Kaiser Family Foundation health tracking poll. Results Public opinion on Twitter (measured via sentiment analysis) was slightly more favorable than public opinion measured by the Kaiser poll (approximately 50% vs 40%, respectively) but trends over time in both favorable and unfavorable views were similar in both sources. The Twitter-based measures of opinion as well as the Kaiser poll changed very little over time: correlation coefficients for favorable and unfavorable public opinion were .43 and .37, respectively. However, we found substantial spikes in the volume of ACA-related tweets in response to key events in the law’s implementation, such as the first open enrollment period in October 2013 and the Supreme Court decision in June 2012. Conclusions Twitter may be useful for tracking public opinion of health care reform as it appears to be comparable with conventional polling results. Moreover, in contrast with conventional polling, the overall amount of tweets also provides a potential indication of public interest of a particular

  7. Twitter, Facebookの比較 : ローソンの投稿データによる研究(III-2 メディア・情報行動3(SNS),セッションIII,自由論題報告)

    OpenAIRE

    植野, 大輔; Daisuke, Ueno; 早稲田大学 商学研究科 博士後期課程; Waseda University of Socio-Infomatics

    2013-01-01

    This paper is a comparison research of characteristic of between Twitter and Facebook that are major social media in Japan. This research has set Lawson, which is the second largest convenience stores in Japan. The company posts valuable marketing information to customers periodically from Facebook and Twitter. In this paper, author conducted statical research by comparing the difference of customers' social engagement way such as Like or tweeting. Especially by observing the response differe...

  8. Twitter and Health Science Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finfgeld-Connett, Deborah

    2015-10-01

    Twitter is a communication platform that can be used to conduct health science research, but a full understanding of its use remains unclear. The purpose of this narrative literature review was to examine how Twitter is currently being used to conduct research in the health sciences and to consider how it might be used in the future. A time-limited search of the health-related research was conducted, which resulted in 31 peer-reviewed articles for review. Information relating to how Twitter is being used to conduct research was extracted and categorized, and an explanatory narrative was developed. To date, Twitter is largely being used to conduct large-scale studies, but this research is complicated by challenges relating to collecting and analyzing big data. Conversely, the use of Twitter to conduct small-scale investigations appears to be relatively unexplored.

  9. PROBLEMATIC INTERNET USE PADA REMAJA PENGGUNA FACEBOOK DI JAKARTA BARAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esther Widhi Andangsari

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Paper discusses about problematic internet use on teenagers as Facebook users in West Jakarta. The objective of this study is to have empirical evidence about problematic internet use condition among teenagers as Facebook users in West Jakarta. This research is a descriptive study. Sample of this study was 82 high school students in West Jakarta. They were given GPIUS2 questionnaire constructed by Caplan. Result of the study is most of the teenagers have low score on problematic internet use especially in Facebook usage. The result is supported by the passiveness of Facebook online activity among the teenagers. However, there was a positive significant correlation between problematic internet use (PIU and teenagers feeling when their smartphone was left behind at home. It means they could not access their Facebook account for some time. This result is important for parents and educators to consider, given that Facebook has both positive and negative effect for teenagers.

  10. Problematic Internet Use pada Remaja Pengguna Facebook di Jakarta Barat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esther Widhi Andangsari

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Paper discusses about problematic internet use on teenagers as Facebook users in West Jakarta. The objective of this study is to have empirical evidence about problematic internet use condition among teenagers as Facebook users in West Jakarta. This research is a descriptive study. Sample of this study was 82 high school students in West Jakarta. They were given GPIUS2 questionnaire constructed by Caplan. Result of the study is most of the teenagers have low score on problematic internet use especially in Facebook usage. The result is supported by the passiveness of Facebook online activity among the teenagers. However, there was a positive significant correlation between problematic internet use (PIU and teenagers’ feeling when their smartphone was left behind at home. It means they could not access their Facebook account for some time. This result is important for parents and educators to consider, given that Facebook has both positive and negative effect for teenagers. 

  11. Facebook The Missing Manual

    CERN Document Server

    Veer, E

    2011-01-01

    Facebook's spreading about as far and fast as the Web itself: 500 million members and counting. But there's a world of fun packed into the site that most folks miss. With this bestselling guide, learn how to unlock Facebook's talents as personal website creator, souped-up address book, and bustling community forum. It's an eye-opening, timesaving tour, guaranteed to help you get the most out of your Facebook experience. Coverage includes: Get started, get connected. Signing up is easy, but the real payoff comes when you tap into networks of coworkers, classmates, and friends. Pick and choose

  12. Facebook-mainonta

    OpenAIRE

    Kuorilehto, Laura

    2014-01-01

    Tässä opinnäytetyössä tutkittiin Facebook-käyttäjien mielipiteitä ja suhtautumista Facebook-mainontaan. Pohdittiin myös onko Facebook-mainonnasta hyötyä yrityksille ja kuluttajille. Teoriaosiossa käsiteltiin internetmarkkinoinnin, sosiaalisen median ja mainonnan teoriaa. Sen lisäksi tarkasteltiin Facebookia, Facebookin sääntöjä mainonnalle, sekä mainontaan liittyviä lakeja. Internetmarkkinoinnista ja mainonnasta sosiaalisessa mediassa kerrottiin mitä internetmarkkinointi on, sosiaalisesta...

  13. The dangers of Twitter

    CERN Multimedia

    IT Department

    2009-01-01

    (Copied from SWITCH newsletter, July 2009) Needless to say Twitter has become a very popular micro-blogging service. However, the more popular a service becomes on the Internet, the more attractive it appears to cyber criminals. Over the last few weeks, several entries in form of links appeared to attract users to click on them. The links point to various special prepared web sites that infect the visitors PC with malware. In order to attract many people these fake messages often cover recent, popular topics. It is very unlikely that this trend will stop in the next few weeks. The announcement of security experts certainly supports this assumption. One has declared the month of July as the "month of Twitter bugs". On each day in July he plans to publish a different vulnerability of the micro-blogging service. Of course many attackers will also follow these revealing secrets and use them for their own purposes. An American couple just recently highlighted the risk of posting ...

  14. Grandmaster: Interactive text-based analytics of social media

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fabian, Nathan D.; Davis, Warren Leon,; Raybourn, Elaine M.; Lakkaraju, Kiran; Whetzel, Jonathan

    2015-11-01

    People use social media resources like Twitter, Facebook, forums etc. to share and discuss various activities or topics. By aggregating topic trends across many individuals using these services, we seek to construct a richer profile of a person’s activities and interests as well as provide a broader context of those activities. This profile may then be used in a variety of ways to understand groups as a collection of interests and affinities and an individual’s participation in those groups. Our approach considers that much of these data will be unstructured, free-form text. By analyzing free-form text directly, we may be able to gain an implicit grouping of individuals with shared interests based on shared conversation, and not on explicit social software linking them. In this paper, we discuss a proof-of-concept application called Grandmaster built to pull short sections of text, a person’s comments or Twitter posts, together by analysis and visualization to allow a gestalt understanding of the full collection of all individuals: how groups are similar and how they differ, based on their text inputs.

  15. The Use of Twitter to Predict the Level of Influenza Activity in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-01

    forecast the level of influenza activity. The rise in the popularity of social media websites such as Flickr, Twitter and Facebook has transformed...The CDC requires a tool that can forecast the level of influenza activity. The rise in the popularity of social media websites such as Flickr... impacted world societies, economies and tourism . In order to prevent such influenza pandemics, U.S. health agencies need to be alerted of the danger

  16. The social network and the geo-hydrological information: the CNR IRPI Facebook page as example of communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiorucci, Federica; Bianchi, Cinzia; Marchesini, Ivan; Salvati, Paola; Fugnoli, Federico; Guzzetti, Fausto

    2014-05-01

    Good communication is a fundamental step for the spread of news and knowledge. The effectiveness and persuasiveness of a message is a function of the interaction of characteristics of the audience, the source of the message, and content of the message. Italian Research Institute for the Hydrogeological Protection (CNR-IRPI) has been publishing information on geo-hydrological events using the Internet (http://sici.irpi.cnr.it/, http://webmap.irpi.cnr.it/, http://geomorphology.irpi.cnr.it/, http://polaris.irpi.cnr.it/, http://giida.irpi.cnr.it/, http://events.irpi.cnr.it/ ). Our websites are mainly visited by experts and the information are used for technical purposes. The contents and the interface of the websites are designed for this type of users. Our intention is to increase the type of users, and we are testing the use of social network to catch the wide public's attention. Social networks have emerged as critical factor in information dissemination, search, marketing expertise and influence discovery, and are an important channel for people to share information. Social scientist have long recognized the importance of social networks in the spread of information. Facebook and Twitter are the most widely used social networking services. They make it simpler to communicate with multiple people at one time. Social media may also make it easier for users to monitor activities of people (friends or followers). An official Facebook page of the Italian Research Institute for the Hydrogeological Protection (CNR-IRPI, https://www.facebook.com/CNR.IRPI ), was created and linked to a Twitter account. The purpose of this page is to disseminate information on flood and landslide events and on our research activities, in order to raise awareness of geo-hydrological matters among users. This page publishes news on current or historical landslide and flood events involving the Italian territory, or news from around the world collected on the network. The news are published as

  17. CERN meets Facebook

    CERN Multimedia

    2012-01-01

    Social networking sites like LinkedIn, MySpace, Google+ and Facebook are on the rise. In particular, the life of youngsters revolves more and more around these sites as they facilitate communication, networking and the exchange of niceties. Who does not today already have an account registered with one of them? A Facebook profile can contain photos, listings of hobbies, job information, preferences…   The on-going effort to externalise some of CERN's computing resources continues, and in order to promote a unified interface for personal information, CERN has decided to establish a partnership with Facebook starting on 1stApril. "CERN is a public and trustworthy international organisation, and as such, our staff and users have nothing to hide from the general public," said Alexi Spiner (IT), project leader responsible for this migration: * The computer profiles of all CERN users will be integrated into the Facebook portal; * In addition, we will also ...

  18. Infrastructural politics on Facebook

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Birkbak, Andreas

    broadening of the avenues of possible inquiry could be timely in relation to Facebook. What can we learn from Facebook as a venue for organizing in emergencies or around public issues? In order start answering this question I examine a recent controversy over plans to build a new road-pricing infrastructure...... to curb congestion in Copenhagen. The so-called payment ring project has now been officially dropped, but only after becoming one of the most heated topics in Danish politics in recent years. Thousands of people mobilized on Facebook pages for and against the actualization of the payment ring. I suggest...... that such issue-oriented pages represent an interesting reappropriation of the Facebook platform, whose ’pages’ feature is mainly targeted at commercial brands and other institutions. The majority of the pages founded in reaction to the payment ring were marked by sharp protests, something that generates...

  19. Facebook er internettet nu

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tække, Jesper

    2014-01-01

    Den store vision for world wide web var, at alle kunne få ubegrænset adgang til alverdens information. www var mangfoldigt og anarkistisk. I dag er der rigtig mange, der kun bruger nettet til at være på Facebook. Hvad bruger Facebook det til? Og hvad gør det ved vores udsyn?......Den store vision for world wide web var, at alle kunne få ubegrænset adgang til alverdens information. www var mangfoldigt og anarkistisk. I dag er der rigtig mange, der kun bruger nettet til at være på Facebook. Hvad bruger Facebook det til? Og hvad gør det ved vores udsyn?...

  20. Infrastructural politics on Facebook

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Birkbak, Andreas

    broadening of the avenues of possible inquiry could be timely in relation to Facebook. What can we learn from Facebook as a venue for organizing in emergencies or around public issues? In order start answering this question I examine a recent controversy over plans to build a new road-pricing infrastructure...... to curb congestion in Copenhagen. The so-called payment ring project has now been officially dropped, but only after becoming one of the most heated topics in Danish politics in recent years. Thousands of people mobilized on Facebook pages for and against the actualization of the payment ring. I suggest...... that such issue-oriented pages represent an interesting reappropriation of the Facebook platform, whose ’pages’ feature is mainly targeted at commercial brands and other institutions. The majority of the pages founded in reaction to the payment ring were marked by sharp protests, something that generates...

  1. MedlinePlus.gov on Twitter

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page please turn Javascript on. MedlinePlus.gov on Twitter Past Issues / Fall 2009 Table of Contents You can now follow MedlinePlus.gov on Twitter: twitter.com/medlineplus4you The medlineplus4you Twitter feed provides ...

  2. New Literacies Practices of Teenage "Twitter" Users

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gleason, Benjamin

    2016-01-01

    This study is an empirical study into the new literacy practices of five teenage "Twitter" users on Twitter. Qualitative methods were used to describe the most prominent ways of participating on "Twitter." Results indicate that teenagers used "Twitter" for self-expression, communication, friendship maintenance, and…

  3. New Literacies Practices of Teenage "Twitter" Users

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gleason, Benjamin

    2016-01-01

    This study is an empirical study into the new literacy practices of five teenage "Twitter" users on Twitter. Qualitative methods were used to describe the most prominent ways of participating on "Twitter." Results indicate that teenagers used "Twitter" for self-expression, communication, friendship maintenance, and…

  4. Twitter for travel medicine providers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mills, Deborah J; Kohl, Sarah E

    2016-03-01

    Travel medicine practitioners, perhaps more so than medical practitioners working in other areas of medicine, require a constant flow of information to stay up-to-date, and provide best practice information and care to their patients. Many travel medicine providers are unaware of the popularity and potential of the Twitter platform. Twitter use among our travellers, as well as by physicians and health providers, is growing exponentially. There is a rapidly expanding body of published literature on this information tool. This review provides a brief overview of the ways Twitter is being used by health practitioners, the advantages that are peculiar to Twitter as a platform of social media, and how the interested practitioner can get started. Some key points about the dark side of Twitter are highlighted, as well as the potential benefits of using Twitter as a way to disseminate accurate medical information to the public. This article will help readers develop an increased understanding of Twitter as a tool for extracting useful facts and insights from the ever increasing volume of health information. © International Society of Travel Medicine, 2016. All rights reserved. Published by Oxford University Press. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  5. 21 Recipes for Mining Twitter

    CERN Document Server

    Russell, Matthew

    2011-01-01

    Millions of public Twitter streams harbor a wealth of data, and once you mine them, you can gain some valuable insights. This short and concise book offers a collection of recipes to help you extract nuggets of Twitter information using easy-to-learn Python tools. Each recipe offers a discussion of how and why the solution works, so you can quickly adapt it to fit your particular needs. The recipes include techniques to: Use OAuth to access Twitter dataCreate and analyze graphs of retweet relationshipsUse the streaming API to harvest tweets in realtimeHarvest and analyze friends and followers

  6. THE PLACE OF FACEBOOK IN INTERNATIONAL SOCIAL NETWORK PORTFOLIO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ALIN CRISTIAN ISAC

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper aims to present a structure for social networks by various criteria, such as: user types, informational technology used as support and developed applications. Based on these elements, we presented Facebook not only in terms of user numbers and their evolution but also regarding the Facebook business, starting from share listing on international markets.

  7. Who Leads Advocacy through Social Media in Japan? Evidence from the “Tsukuba Civic Activities Cyber-Square” Facebook Page

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sae Okura

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Although the importance of advocacy activities by civil society organizations (CSOs in policy and decision-making procedures has been greatly emphasized in the literature of political science and social policy, we have relatively little understanding of the relevance and impact of the leading actors who structure the diverse networks and discourses through social media; further recognition is needed in both fields. The purpose of this study is to analyze civil society organizations at the local government level involved in advocacy activities through the use of social media such as Facebook and Twitter. Our study focuses on a specific Japanese Facebook community page—the “Tsukuba Civic Activities Cyber-Square”—aimed at enhancing civil society activities in Japan. This page is operated by the municipal government of Tsukuba, in collaboration with the University of Tsukuba and Intel Corporation. Our findings indicate that social networking services such as Facebook can provide civil society organizations with: (1 more political opportunities to advocate; (2 more chances to connect with the local government; and (3 create opportunities to exert greater presence, despite their limited financial and political resources.

  8. Mapping auroral activity with Twitter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Case, N. A.; MacDonald, E. A.; Heavner, M.; Tapia, A. H.; Lalone, N.

    2015-05-01

    Twitter is a popular, publicly accessible, social media service that has proven useful in mapping large-scale events in real time. In this study, for the first time, the use of Twitter as a measure of auroral activity is investigated. Peaks in the number of aurora-related tweets are found to frequently coincide with geomagnetic disturbances (detection rate of 91%). Additionally, the number of daily aurora-related tweets is found to strongly correlate with several auroral strength proxies (ravg≈0.7). An examination is made of the bias for location and time of day within Twitter data, and a first-order correction of these effects is presented. Overall, the results suggest that Twitter can provide both specific details about an individual aurora and accurate real-time indication of when, and even from where, an aurora is visible.

  9. An Alternative View of Privacy on Facebook

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Fuchs

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available The predominant analysis of privacy on Facebook focuses on personal information revelation. This paper is critical of this kind of research and introduces an alternative analytical framework for studying privacy on Facebook, social networking sites and web 2.0. This framework is connecting the phenomenon of online privacy to the political economy of capitalism—a focus that has thus far been rather neglected in research literature about Internet and web 2.0 privacy. Liberal privacy philosophy tends to ignore the political economy of privacy in capitalism that can mask socio-economic inequality and protect capital and the rich from public accountability. Facebook is in this paper analyzed with the help of an approach, in which privacy for dominant groups, in regard to the ability of keeping wealth and power secret from the public, is seen as problematic, whereas privacy at the bottom of the power pyramid for consumers and normal citizens is seen as a protection from dominant interests. Facebook’s privacy concept is based on an understanding that stresses self-regulation and on an individualistic understanding of privacy. The theoretical analysis of the political economy of privacy on Facebook in this paper is based on the political theories of Karl Marx, Hannah Arendt and Jürgen Habermas. Based on the political economist Dallas Smythe’s concept of audience commodification, the process of prosumer commodification on Facebook is analyzed. The political economy of privacy on Facebook is analyzed with the help of a theory of drives that is grounded in Herbert Marcuse’s interpretation of Sigmund Freud, which allows to analyze Facebook based on the concept of play labor (= the convergence of play and labor.

  10. Twitter and Physics Professional Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nadji, Taoufik

    2016-11-01

    The advent of Twitter® and other social media services of its type ushered in a new era of professional development in education. This article addresses how a group of users have been employing Twitter to conduct professional development sessions that would benefit their participants by advancing their pedagogical approaches to learning and teaching physics. The diversity within this group is something to both note and celebrate because it includes minorities, women, and physics educators the world over.

  11. Fake accounts detection on Twitter

    OpenAIRE

    Di Pietro, Roberto; Cresci, Stefano; Petrocchi, Marinella; Spognardi, Angelo; Tesconi, Maurizio

    2013-01-01

    Fake followers are those Twitter accounts created to inflate the number of followers of a target account. Fake followers are dangerous to the social platform and beyond, since they may alter concepts like popularity and influence in the Twittersphere-hence impacting on economy, politics, and Society. In this paper, we provide several contributions. First, we review the most relevant existing criteria (proposed by Academia and Media) for anomalous Twitter accounts detection, and later we asses...

  12. Getting started with Twitter Flight

    CERN Document Server

    Hamshere, Tom

    2013-01-01

    Getting Started with Twitter Flight is written with the intention to educate the readers, helping them learn how to build modular powerful applications with Flight, Twitter's cutting-edge JavaScript framework.This book is for anyone with a foundation in JavaScript who wants to build web applications. Flight is quick and easy to learn, built on technologies you already understand such as the DOM, events, and jQuery.

  13. Protests against #delhigangrape on Twitter: Analyzing India’s Arab Spring

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saifuddin Ahmed

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This study offers a comprehensive approach towards analyzing and explaining the role of Twitter in shaping and facilitating social movements especially during protests. It presents automatic and manual analyses of the tweet themes, usage characteristics and major Twitter users during a public outcry against a gangrape incident in Delhi, the capital city of India. Our results identified Twitter as an important channel for the diffusion of ideas and news among a vast set of adopters in defiance of geographical boundaries. Results of the content analyses highlight the prominent use of social media resources in disseminating information on Twitter, and the remarkable role of Twitter users as citizen journalists during the days of the protest. Results of the social network analysis suggest that major role players on Twitter were the offline protest leaders.

  14. Characterizing the 2016 U.S. Presidential Campaign using Twitter Data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ignasi Vegas

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper models the 2016 U.S. presidential campaign in the context of Twitter. The study analyzes the presidential candidates’ Twitter activity by crawling their real-time tweets. More than 16,000 tweets were observed in this work. We study the interactions between the politicians and their Twitter followers in the retweet and favorite networks. The most frequently mentioned unigrams are presented, which serve the best featuring the political focuses of a candidate. The mention network among the politicians was constructed by parsing the content of their tweets. In this paper, we also study the Twitter profile of the users who follow the presidential candidates. The gender ratio among the Twitter subscribers is examined using the government’s census data. We also investigate the geography of Twitter supporters for each candidate.

  15. ’n (Outobiografiese Twitter-teologie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan-Albert van den Berg

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available An (autobiographical Twitter-theology. Due to the increasing challenges created by an evolving digital world, traditional expressions of the Christian faith could become irrelevant for a fast-paced world. Through an autobiographical orientation, a search for meaningful personal expressions of the Christian faith on Twitter is traced and mapped down. Facilitated through a practical-theological inquiry and employing a qualitative empirical research methodology, personal aphorisms of the Christian faith on Twitter are traced down and presented as possible examples of a relevant digital autobiographical theology. Through the contribution of these empirical realities, new hermeneutical outcomes and a strategic involvement are facilitated. The creation, development and meaning of new theological formulations and articulations are explored and described through these expressions. In the tracing of and in the mapping down of these new expressions of faith, demarcations of a possible lived spirituality in the digital sphere are sounded out and verbalised. Through the documentation of these new and relevant articulations of the language of faith, a contribution is made to a meaningful digital autobiographical theology.

  16. Facebook Bullying Can Cause Depression

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_160991.html Facebook Bullying Can Cause Depression Social media attacks have ' ... Sept. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Negative experiences on Facebook can increase the odds of depression in young ...

  17. Something to 'Like' about Facebook

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... news/fullstory_160883.html Something to 'Like' About Facebook Personal messages from close ties may boost your ... 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Like it or not, Facebook has the potential to lift your well-being, ...

  18. Facebook og social ambivalens

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2013-01-01

    Facebook er et prominent eksempel på de digitale medier, der i disse år ryster samfundet med sine nye (u)muligheder for ageren, interaktion og deling af information. Dette kapitel analyserer, hvordan befolkningen med introduktionen af Facebook som nyt medie aktuelt udsættes for en række sociale...... mediemiljø. Et vigtigt spørgsmål herunder er, om Facebook med sin aktuelle funktionelle arkitektur forstærker eller direkte initierer sociale ambivalenser, set op imod de digitale mediers generelle potentialitet for transparens og selektion, og dermed kommer til at bevirke, at samfundet har unødigt svært ved...

  19. Making Sense of Facebook

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aaen, Janus Holst

    2015-01-01

    The objective of this paper is to discuss a methodological design developed to analyse self-governed student Facebook groups as a part of a larger study of the use of ICT in Danish secondary schools (Mathiasen. Aaen, Dalsgaard, Degn & Thomsen, 2014). The paper will discuss how this methodological...... setup can help the researcher gain in-depth knowledge of the students’ use of Facebook groups, looking past the traditional dichotomy between online and offline as well as the distinction between school-related and non-school-related communication. The paper will address the potential shortcomings...... of the design as well as how the approach can be further developed, and suggests 1) broadening the scope of the study from the Facebook group as a singular medium to include other media used by the students and 2) extending the study to include the voice of students by engaging them as co-researchers....

  20. Facebook og social ambivalens

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2013-01-01

    Facebook er et prominent eksempel på de digitale medier, der i disse år ryster samfundet med sine nye (u)muligheder for ageren, interaktion og deling af information. Dette kapitel analyserer, hvordan befolkningen med introduktionen af Facebook som nyt medie aktuelt udsættes for en række sociale...... mediemiljø. Et vigtigt spørgsmål herunder er, om Facebook med sin aktuelle funktionelle arkitektur forstærker eller direkte initierer sociale ambivalenser, set op imod de digitale mediers generelle potentialitet for transparens og selektion, og dermed kommer til at bevirke, at samfundet har unødigt svært ved...

  1. Making Sense of Facebook

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aaen, Janus Holst

    2015-01-01

    The objective of this paper is to discuss a methodological design developed to analyse self-governed student Facebook groups as a part of a larger study of the use of ICT in Danish secondary schools (Mathiasen. Aaen, Dalsgaard, Degn & Thomsen, 2014). The paper will discuss how this methodological...... setup can help the researcher gain in-depth knowledge of the students’ use of Facebook groups, looking past the traditional dichotomy between online and offline as well as the distinction between school-related and non-school-related communication. The paper will address the potential shortcomings...... of the design as well as how the approach can be further developed, and suggests 1) broadening the scope of the study from the Facebook group as a singular medium to include other media used by the students and 2) extending the study to include the voice of students by engaging them as co-researchers....

  2. Designing a Facebook Interface for Senior Users

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gonçalo Gomes

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The adoption of social networks by older adults has increased in recent years. However, many still cannot make use of social networks as these are simply not adapted to them. Through a series of direct observations, interviews, and focus groups, we identified recommendations for the design of social networks targeting seniors. Based on these, we developed a prototype for tablet devices, supporting sharing and viewing Facebook content. We then conducted a user study comparing our prototype with Facebook's native mobile application. We have found that Facebook's native application does not meet senior users concerns, like privacy and family focus, while our prototype, designed in accordance with the collected recommendations, supported relevant use cases in a usable and accessible manner.

  3. Facebook for dummies

    CERN Document Server

    Pearlman, Leah

    2010-01-01

    Sign up, build your Profile, and find friends Join the Facebook fun! These experts show you how to set up your Profile, protect your privacy, find friends and family members, learn what's happening in their lives, and keep them up to date on yours. Here's just what you need for a safe and happy Facebook experience. Open the book and find: Advice for creating the perfect Profile How to find friends Tips on keeping in touch Privacy controls and how to use them Steps for sending private messages to friends

  4. Facebook3d

    OpenAIRE

    Rodrigues, Diego Adalberto de Jesus

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION With the advent of Web 2.0, social networking websites like Facebook, MySpace and LinkedIn have become hugely popular. According to (Nilsen, 2009), social networking websites have global1 figures of almost 250 millions unique users among the top five2, with the time people spend on those networks increasing 63% between 2007 and 2008. Facebook alone saw a massive growth of 566% in number of minutes in the same period of time. Furthermore their appeal is clear, they enable users...

  5. Technical-Technological Dimension of Facebook: towards a Collective Affectivity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yeraldine Aldana Gutiérrez

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Social and particularly, affective relationships and practices seem to shape and be reshaped at once by technical-technological devices, such as Facebook. The principal aim of this article is to account for the technical technological processes that transform Facebook members’ affectivity. Twelve ninth graders’ Communicational Practices in Facebook and their perceptions were collected and qualitatively studied. Findings suggest that ninth graders as Affective agents seem to construct a virtualized affective reality, exchanging their emotions and affections by three different operations namely; the grammatical operation, the dialectical operation and the rhetorical operation. Furthermore, Facebook members might not only be users, but also Affective Agents who assess and negotiate their affection Hyper-discourses. In so doing, they are able to build up a Collective Affectivity within the emerging Facebook cyber-field.

  6. The Effect of Promoting Brands through the Facebook Network

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iuliana CONSTANTIN

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Facebook is becoming a popular tool for public relations and advertising professionals to reach mass audiences. Facebook fan pages allow brands to create an online community of brand users on the social networking site. By pressing Facebook’s “like” button, a Facebook user can become a fan of the page and can interact with the brand and other consumers. This research aimed to examine whether liking and interacting with a Facebook fan page has an effect on brand loyalty and purchase intentions, and if Facebook fan pages create an online brand community. Brands use this network to improve their overall image, promote themselves much easier, much faster, access to information being very easy, in a very short time and wherever it is in the world.This article highlights the reason why users access the Facebook page of a brand. An analysis of 104 online survey responses indicates that interac¬tion with fan pages is not a strong indicator of consumer brand loyalty or purchase intentions, suggesting that brand communities are not formed on the basis of liking a page. The study may be a useful orientation for managerial involvement in marketing practice. With over 900 million users, Facebook is currently the largest social networking site. Facebook allows users to connect and interact with others, express themselves, and maintain social relationships.

  7. Facebook addiction among health university students in Bengaluru

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N R Ramesh Masthi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Facebook was founded in 2004 and is one of the most popular social networking sites. Although Facebook is used to connect and stay in touch with friends and also to maintain relationships, there may be situations where an individual uses the site way too much. Relatively little research has been carried out to explain effects of usage to Facebook in terms of addiction in India. Objectives: The aim was to find out the burden of Facebook addiction among college students of health university. Subjects and Methods: This exploratory qualitative study was conducted in Bengaluru City covering six colleges attached to a health university using convenient sampling from May 2013 to July 2013. About 400 students had enrolled for the study. Results : It was observed that the burden of addiction was 7.25% and high risk was 24.75% in the study subjects. 61 (31.12% males and 38 (18.62% females were categorized as high-risk behavior subjects. 12 (6.12% males and 17 (8.33% females were categorized as having Facebook addiction. 64% of study subjects used Facebook daily. 32% of the subjects felt strain in the eye, 11% watering of the eye, 20% felt frustrated and 17% were anxious when they did not have access to Facebook. Conclusion: The burden of Facebook addiction and high-risk behavior was observed in one-third of the subjects.

  8. Ang Social Network sa Facebook ng mga Taga-Batangas at ng mga Taga-Laguna: Isang Paghahambing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaderick P. Pabico

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Online social networking (OSN has become of great influence to Filipinos, where Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Google+, and Instagram are among the popular ones. Their popularity, coupled with their intuitive and interactive use, allow one's personal information such as gender, age, address, relationship status, and list of friends to become publicly available. The accessibility of information from these sites allow, with the aid of computers, for the study of a wide population's characteristics even in a provincial scale. Aside from being neighbouring locales, the respective residents of Laguna and Batangas both derive their livelihoods from two lakes, Laguna de Bay and Taal Lake. Both residents experience similar problems, such as that, among many others, of fish kill. The goal of this research is to find out similarities in their respective online populations, particularly that of Facebook's. With the use of computational dynamic social network analysis (CDSNA, we found out that the two communities are similar, among others, as follows: both populations are dominated by single young female; Homophily was observed when choosing a friend in terms of age (i.e., friendships were created more often between people whose ages do not differ by at most five years; and Heterophily was observed when choosing friends in terms of gender (i.e., more friendships were created between a male and a female than between both people of the same gender. This paper also presents the differences in the structure of the two social networks, such as degrees of separation and preferential attachment.

  9. An analysis of facebook's graph search

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Khan, ZC

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available graph search. This is done through the design and execution of graph queries on two separate Facebook profiles. An analysis of the results is presented, together with possible negative consequences, and guidance as to best practices to follow in order...

  10. Using Twitter to Teach Reader-Oriented Biblical Interpretation: "Tweading" the Gospel of Mark

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williamson, Robert, Jr.

    2013-01-01

    Twitter offers an engaging way to introduce students to reader-oriented interpretation of the Bible. The exercise described here introduces students to the idea that the reader has a role in the production of a text's meaning, which thus varies from reader to reader. Twitter enables us to capture the real-time thoughts of a variety of…

  11. 2015, 163, (Facebook wraakporno)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lodder, A.R.

    2015-01-01

    Op 22 januari 2015 wordt Chantal geconfronteerd met een niet door haar aangemaakt Facebook-account, onder haar naam,1 met haar foto, waarop kinderpornobeelden van haarzelf zijn geplaatst. Op het moment dat zij minderjarig was, 3 jaar eerder, had haar vriend met haar instemming met de telefoon opname

  12. International Libraries on Facebook

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sokoloff, Jason

    2009-01-01

    With online social networking sites becoming some of the most visited destinations on the Web, organizations from all countries have been scurrying to establish their presence on sites like MySpace, Orkut, and MSN Spaces. In this arena, the social networking site Facebook has become the world's most popular social networking Web site. Through its…

  13. Geocoding location expressions in Twitter messages: A preference learning method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei Zhang

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Resolving location expressions in text to the correct physical location, also known as geocoding or grounding, is complicated by the fact that so many places around the world share the same name. Correct resolution is made even more difficult when there is little context to determine which place is intended, as in a 140-character Twitter message, or when location cues from different sources conflict, as may be the case among different metadata fields of a Twitter message. We used supervised machine learning to weigh the different fields of the Twitter message and the features of a world gazetteer to create a model that will prefer the correct gazetteer candidate to resolve the extracted expression. We evaluated our model using the F1 measure and compared it to similar algorithms. Our method achieved results higher than state-of-the-art competitors.

  14. Set of Frequent Word Item sets as Feature Representation for Text with Indonesian Slang

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sa’adillah Maylawati, Dian; Putri Saptawati, G. A.

    2017-01-01

    Indonesian slang are commonly used in social media. Due to their unstructured syntax, it is difficult to extract their features based on Indonesian grammar for text mining. To do so, we propose Set of Frequent Word Item sets (SFWI) as text representation which is considered match for Indonesian slang. Besides, SFWI is able to keep the meaning of Indonesian slang with regard to the order of appearance sentence. We use FP-Growth algorithm with adding separation sentence function into the algorithm to extract the feature of SFWI. The experiments is done with text data from social media such as Facebook, Twitter, and personal website. The result of experiments shows that Indonesian slang were more correctly interpreted based on SFWI.

  15. Public Opinion Polling with Twitter

    CERN Document Server

    Cody, Emily M; Dodds, Peter Sheridan; Danforth, Christopher M

    2016-01-01

    Solicited public opinion surveys reach a limited subpopulation of willing participants and are expensive to conduct, leading to poor time resolution and a restricted pool of expert-chosen survey topics. In this study, we demonstrate that unsolicited public opinion polling through sentiment analysis applied to Twitter correlates well with a range of traditional measures, and has predictive power for issues of global importance. We also examine Twitter's potential to canvas topics seldom surveyed, including ideas, personal feelings, and perceptions of commercial enterprises. Two of our major observations are that appropriately filtered Twitter sentiment (1) predicts President Obama's job approval three months in advance, and (2) correlates well with surveyed consumer sentiment. To make possible a full examination of our work and to enable others' research, we make public over 10,000 data sets, each a seven-year series of daily word counts for tweets containing a frequently used search term.

  16. National accessibility portal and facebook: a case study

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Butgereit, LL

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available , and many people identifying themselves or family members as disabled. Many users also identify themselves (or family members) with debilitating diseases such as Multiple Sclerosis, Down Syndrome, and Cerebral Palsy. So, although Facebook...

  17. Twitter-Based EFL Pronunciation Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mompean, José Antonio; Fouz-González, Jonás

    2016-01-01

    This paper looks at the use of "Twitter" as a language teaching/learning tool. It describes the results of a study aimed at testing "Twitter's" effectiveness for pronunciation teaching. The purpose of the study was to determine whether "Twitter" can foster online participation and whether it may have a positive effect…

  18. Preservice Teachers' Microblogging: Professional Development via Twitter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carpenter, Jeffrey

    2015-01-01

    Twitter has demonstrated potential to facilitate learning at the university level, and K-12 educators' use of the microblogging service Twitter to facilitate professional development appears to be on the rise. Research on microblogging as a part of teacher education is, however, limited. This paper investigates the use of Twitter by preservice…

  19. Newspaper Twitter: Applied Drama and Microblogging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wotzko, Rebecca

    2012-01-01

    This paper discusses the use of applied drama within the microblogging platform "Twitter" as a method to increase students' social media and news literacy. Online news sites are increasingly using "Twitter" as a source for eyewitness accounts of events or public opinion. "Twitter" offers users a simple way to publicly…

  20. Student Teachers’ Attitude towards Twitter for Educational Aims

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victoria I. Marín

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an educational experience with 100 student teachers from different courses of the University of the Balearic Islands (Spain in which Twitter is used for various different activities. The aim of this experiment was to explore student teachers’ perceptions in order to value their attitude towards Twitter for educational aims. Afterwards, students were asked to write down their reflections on an eportfolio. Data was collected from their eportfolio evidence, which was analysed to review their attitude towards the use of Twitter for educational purposes and for their future teaching and professional development. The conclusions indicate the need to conduct different educational activities in which Twitter is used in various ways. In addition, conclusions reflect on the real impact of Twitter on students’ learning enhancement, in order to improve student teachers’ attitudes towards social media in education. Therefore, this article contributes to the body of existing research on the use of technology in education, specifically to the possibilities of the use of social media and microblogging in Teacher Education.

  1. El tiempo todo en Facebook

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ariel Gurevich

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Facebook posibilita el contacto entre usuarios que comparten una interacción en presente más allá de las distancias físicas. Este trabajo se pregunta qué operaciones específicas de la red social organizan el tiempo del usuario, a partir de las posibilidades y restricciones de la arquitectura del sitio. Estas operaciones discursivas se dan en la interrelación de, por un lado, la arquitectura de la plataforma tomada como dispositivo tecnológico, junto a otros dispositivos técnicos asociados (el teléfono celular, y por el otro, el desarrollo de cierta retórica de la red que los usuarios incorporan en apropiaciones que distan mucho de la espontaneidad. Nos preguntamos si esta particular organización del tiempo es una mera cuestión de publicar contenidos con más o menos frecuencia según cada usuario específico o hay una estética, una forma, una suerte de retórica del tiempo que el usuario tiene que adoptar al ingresar en Facebook.

  2. Privacy-Preserving Discovery of Topic-Based Events from Social Sensor Signals: An Experimental Study on Twitter

    OpenAIRE

    Nguyen, Duc T.; Jung, Jai E.

    2014-01-01

    Social network services (e.g., Twitter and Facebook) can be regarded as social sensors which can capture a number of events in the society. Particularly, in terms of time and space, various smart devices have improved the accessibility to the social network services. In this paper, we present a social software platform to detect a number of meaningful events from information diffusion patterns on such social network services. The most important feature is to process the social sensor sign...

  3. The contribution of Facebook to the 2011 Tunisian revolution: a cyberpsychological insight.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marzouki, Yousri; Skandrani-Marzouki, Inès; Béjaoui, Moez; Hammoudi, Haythem; Bellaj, Tarek

    2012-05-01

    The influence of Facebook in social life keeps constantly growing. Recently, the communication of information has been vital to the success of the Tunisian revolution, and Facebook was its main "catalyst." This study examines the key reasons that explain Facebook's contribution to this historical event, as perceived by Tunisian Internet users. To do so, we launched this study 5 days after the fall of the regime using an online questionnaire in which participants (N=333) first rated the importance of Facebook in the Tunisian revolution and then explained the reasons for their ratings. A cluster analysis based on the Euclidean distance between the most frequent words in the participants' text corpus (6,640 words), revealed three main clusters that we interpret as follows: 1: Facebook political function, 2: Facebook informational function, and 3: Facebook media platform function. It is likely that these factors reflect the dynamic of Tunisian cyberspace and the Tunisian Internet users' collective consciousness during the revolution.

  4. Analyzing viewpoint diversity in twitter

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bozdag, V.E.; Gao, Q.; Warnier, M.E.; Houben, G.J.P.M.

    2013-01-01

    Information diversity has a long tradition in human history. Recently there have been claims that diversity is diminishing in information available in social networks. On the other hand, some studies suggest that diversity is actually quite high in social networks such as Twitter. However these stud

  5. The Constitutive Power of Twitter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Albu, Oana Brindusa; Etter, Michael Andreas

    organizations. The analysis illustrates how specific Twitter interactions, i.e., hashtags, become hypertexts—a type of authoritative texts—which simultaneously constitute an organizational actor or act as a pastiche of it. The study contributes to extant research by illustrating how hypertextuality...

  6. Facebook Ethnography: The Poststructural Ontology of Transnational (Im Migration Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Joseph Piacenti PhD

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available This theoretical article discusses the creative utility of Facebook as a new ethnographic tool in which to study transnational (im migration. Facebook ethnography allows the (im migration researcher to transcend the four structural dualities that constrain transnational ethnographic research: (a geographic constraints, (b travel funding constraints, (c travel time constraints, and (d the logistical constraints of entrée into new ethnographic contexts. Facebook ethnography also allows the qualitative researcher to temporarily transcend the ontological structuralist dualities of traditional research methods, producing a new poststructural epistemological and ontological methodology.

  7. Issues and Challenges on Venturing into Facebook Commerce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caroline Sumathi

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The study examines the challenges encountered by small entrepreneurs when venturing into Facebook commerce. Social media has revolutionized not only our daily lives, but also the business world. This study involved 50 small entrepreneurs and adopted mixed method of quantitative and qualitative designs to collect data. The study revealed that lack of IT knowledge and set of cost significantly affected the respondents ‘decision to venture into Facebook commerce. However, many small entrepreneurs are also found to be interested in Facebook commerce.

  8. A study of social information control affordances and gender difference in Facebook self-presentation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuo, Feng-Yang; Tseng, Chih-Yi; Tseng, Fan-Chuan; Lin, Cathy S

    2013-09-01

    Affordances refer to how interface features of an IT artifact, perceived by its users in terms of their potentials for action, may predict the intensity of usage. This study investigates three social information affordances for expressive information control, privacy information control, and image information control in Facebook. The results show that the three affordances can significantly explain how Facebook's interface designs facilitate users' self-presentation activities. In addition, the findings reveal that males are more engaged in expressing information than females, while females are more involved in privacy control than males. A practical application of our study is to compare and contrast the level of affordances offered by various social network sites (SNS) like Facebook and Twitter, as well as differences in online self-presentations across cultures. Our approach can therefore be useful to investigate how SNS design features can be tailored to specific gender and culture needs.

  9. Large Scale Implementations for Twitter Sentiment Classification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreas Kanavos

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Sentiment Analysis on Twitter Data is indeed a challenging problem due to the nature, diversity and volume of the data. People tend to express their feelings freely, which makes Twitter an ideal source for accumulating a vast amount of opinions towards a wide spectrum of topics. This amount of information offers huge potential and can be harnessed to receive the sentiment tendency towards these topics. However, since no one can invest an infinite amount of time to read through these tweets, an automated decision making approach is necessary. Nevertheless, most existing solutions are limited in centralized environments only. Thus, they can only process at most a few thousand tweets. Such a sample is not representative in order to define the sentiment polarity towards a topic due to the massive number of tweets published daily. In this work, we develop two systems: the first in the MapReduce and the second in the Apache Spark framework for programming with Big Data. The algorithm exploits all hashtags and emoticons inside a tweet, as sentiment labels, and proceeds to a classification method of diverse sentiment types in a parallel and distributed manner. Moreover, the sentiment analysis tool is based on Machine Learning methodologies alongside Natural Language Processing techniques and utilizes Apache Spark’s Machine learning library, MLlib. In order to address the nature of Big Data, we introduce some pre-processing steps for achieving better results in Sentiment Analysis as well as Bloom filters to compact the storage size of intermediate data and boost the performance of our algorithm. Finally, the proposed system was trained and validated with real data crawled by Twitter, and, through an extensive experimental evaluation, we prove that our solution is efficient, robust and scalable while confirming the quality of our sentiment identification.

  10. Facebook Marketing towards Vietnamese consumers

    OpenAIRE

    Bui, Trang

    2013-01-01

    This thesis examines to figure out whether Facebook can make an impact on consumers’ behavior among Vietnamese customers. The main objective of this thesis is to identify the potential consumers by understanding the consumer’s decision-making process and thus, recommend some effective marketing methods using Facebook as a marketing tool for companies in Vietnam, by investigating the current Vietnamese Facebook users and support of relevant theories. The theoretical part of the thesis are ...

  11. @doesyourairlinetweet? An empirical examination of the use of twitter by 50 international airlines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucy Budd

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: To provide empirical evidence of the extent to which 50 of the world’s largest passenger airlines use the social media site twitter.Design/methodology/approach: Original empirical data on the presence and usage of 50 airlines’ official twitter accounts was accessed.Research limitations/implications: Research demonstrates the extent to which airlines are using twitter as a communications tool and suggests that some airline are not currently utilising twitter to its full extent.Practical implications: The research provides information on current twitter use and penetration, thus enabling airlines to benchmark their performance in this social media channel.Originality/value: The paper provides an original empirical insight into a growing phenomenon which is currently underreported in academic literatures.

  12. APPROXIMATIONS TO THE USES OF TWITTER BY UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES IN ARGENTINA.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Nora Laudano

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This article analyses the main uses of the social media Twitter in university libraries in Argentina. After revising existing literature, we outline the research methods used to identify whether libraries are currently adopting Twitter and how it is being used. We focus on the following areas: the starting date of the activity, basic institutional data, visibility and access to Twitter from the library web, the quantity of tweets over time, those "followed" and those "following" and quantity and type of posts during the period of time selected for research. The results show that few libraries have used Twitter and their use of this media tool has generally been unplanned, mostly for spreading information rather than interaction. It also stresses that despite an extensive literature on what are considered good practices, generally they are not taken by the institutions. At last, we propose further research in this area to widen our knowledge of the daily use of Twitter among librarians.

  13. Framework for Connections on Facebook

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sudzina, Frantisek

    There is a substantial amount of current information systems and marketing research focused on social networking sites, most frequently on Facebook. Often, these studies utilize available metadata on user on-line behavior, such as what links the users clicked on. In order to better understand...... behavior of Facebook users, it makes sense to investigate also whom the users connect to. It is possible to hypothesize that behavior of people, who connect only to relatives on Facebook, differs from behavior of people, who are connected only to their classmates. The paper offers a framework of Facebook...

  14. Facebook enhances antidepressant pharmacotherapy effects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mota Pereira, Jorge

    2014-01-01

    Treatment-resistant major depressive disorder (TR-MDD) is a complex condition, with very low remission rates. In recent years some studies have been conducted on the implementation of cognitive behavioral therapy and psychodynamic psychotherapy interventions via the Internet to MDD patients, and results have been promising. However, there have been no studies in patients with TR-MDD nor with the use of Facebook with the psychiatrist as "friend." 60 TR-MDD patients were randomized to one of three groups: Facebook group with psychiatrist as "friend," Facebook group without psychiatrist as "friend," and control group (no Facebook use). Both Facebook groups spent at least 1 hour/day on Facebook, 7 days/week, during the 3 months. All patients maintained their usual pharmacotherapy. All participants were evaluated at baseline and at 1, 2, and 3 months for depressive symptoms using HAD17 and BDI-II. Results show that both Facebook groups had a decrease on HADM17 and BDI-II scores as well as higher remission and response rates than the control group, with better results if the psychiatrist was a "friend" on Facebook. Therefore, in TR-MDD, Facebook can be used as an effective enhancement therapy, adjuvant to pharmacological therapy with regular consultations, especially if the psychiatrist is the patient's online "friend."

  15. Sharing Followers in e-Government Twitter Accounts: The Case of Greece

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kostas Zafiropoulos

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The recent emergence of e-government and online social media offers opportunities for governments to meet the demands and expectations of citizens, to provide value-added services and overcome barriers of reduced public budgets. Twitter is the most popular microblogging platform that can facilitate interaction and engagement. It is widely used by government agencies, public affairs practitioners, non-government organizations, members of Parliament and politicians. The paper aims to explore the use of Twitter by government agencies in Greece and record Twitter followers’ preferences regarding which accounts they follow. The paper records 27 Greek e-government Twitter accounts and their 107,107 followers. It uses a data mining technique, association rules and two multivariate statistical methods, multidimensional scaling and cluster analysis and proposes the use of a similarity measure, suitable for describing Twitter account proximity. In this way, the paper locates accounts that share followers. Groups of Twitter accounts are located, and their common orientation is described. The analysis not only describes Twitter account similarities and group formation, but to some extent, the followers’ preferences and habits of obtaining information through Twitter, as well.

  16. Communicating on Facebook: Romanian LIS Students’ Opinion on the Academic Libraries’ Use of Facebook

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Octavia-Luciana Madge

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Many academic libraries have recently created a page on Facebook for better communicating with their users, especially the students. But what do students think about connecting with the library through a social networking site? This article presents the results of a small survey of undergraduates in the 1st and 2nd year of the Library and Information Science (LIS Programme from the University of Bucharest, conducted in order to find out the students’ opinion about the academic library interacting with them via Facebook.

  17. Facebook use predicts declines in subjective well-being in young adults.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ethan Kross

    Full Text Available Over 500 million people interact daily with Facebook. Yet, whether Facebook use influences subjective well-being over time is unknown. We addressed this issue using experience-sampling, the most reliable method for measuring in-vivo behavior and psychological experience. We text-messaged people five times per day for two-weeks to examine how Facebook use influences the two components of subjective well-being: how people feel moment-to-moment and how satisfied they are with their lives. Our results indicate that Facebook use predicts negative shifts on both of these variables over time. The more people used Facebook at one time point, the worse they felt the next time we text-messaged them; the more they used Facebook over two-weeks, the more their life satisfaction levels declined over time. Interacting with other people "directly" did not predict these negative outcomes. They were also not moderated by the size of people's Facebook networks, their perceived supportiveness, motivation for using Facebook, gender, loneliness, self-esteem, or depression. On the surface, Facebook provides an invaluable resource for fulfilling the basic human need for social connection. Rather than enhancing well-being, however, these findings suggest that Facebook may undermine it.

  18. Grandmaster: Interactive text-based analytics of social media [PowerPoint

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fabian, Nathan D.; Davis, Warren Leon,; Raybourn, Elaine M.; Lakkaraju, Kiran; Whetzel, Jonathan

    2015-11-01

    People use social media resources like Twitter, Facebook, forums etc. to share and discuss various activities or topics. By aggregating topic trends across many individuals using these services, we seek to construct a richer profile of a person’s activities and interests as well as provide a broader context of those activities. This profile may then be used in a variety of ways to understand groups as a collection of interests and affinities and an individual’s participation in those groups. Our approach considers that much of these data will be unstructured, free-form text. By analyzing free-form text directly, we may be able to gain an implicit grouping of individuals with shared interests based on shared conversation, and not on explicit social software linking them. In this paper, we discuss a proof-of-concept application called Grandmaster built to pull short sections of text, a person’s comments or Twitter posts, together by analysis and visualization to allow a gestalt understanding of the full collection of all individuals: how groups are similar and how they differ, based on their text inputs.

  19. CYBER COUNSELING ASSISTED WITH FACEBOOK TO REDUCE ONLINE GAME ADDICTION

    OpenAIRE

    Hardi Prasetiawan

    2016-01-01

    Cyber counseling is divided into various shapes, one form is the use of facebook. Guidance and counseling teacher in schools can implement the cyber counseling assited with facebook to reduce online game addiction the students who are more likely to prefer to communicate by text relationship, and students who do not feel comfortable with counseling services by face to face. Problems of children who are addicted Online Games at school require a relief to effort with Group Counseling assited wi...

  20. Perceived realism and Twitter use are associated with increased acceptance of cosmetic surgery among those watching reality television cosmetic surgery programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fogel, Joshua; King, Kahlil

    2014-08-01

    Reality television programming is a popular type of television programming, and features shows about cosmetic surgery. Social media such as Facebook and Twitter are increasingly popular methods of sharing information. The authors surveyed college students to determine among those watching reality television cosmetic surgery programs whether perceived realism or social media use was associated with attitudes toward cosmetic surgery. Participants (n=126) were surveyed about their reality television cosmetic surgery program viewing habits, their perception of the realism of reality television programming, and social media topics of Twitter and Facebook. Outcome variables were the Acceptance of Cosmetic Surgery Scales of social, intrapersonal, and consider. Perceived realism was significantly associated with increased scores on the Acceptance of Cosmetic Surgery Scale subscales of social (p=0.004), intrapersonal (p=0.03), and consider (p=0.03). Following a character from a reality television program on Twitter was significantly associated with increased social scores (p=0.04). There was no significant association of Facebook behavior with attitudes toward cosmetic surgery. Cosmetic plastic surgeons may benefit by advertising their services on cosmetic surgery reality television programs. These reality television programs portray cosmetic surgery in a positive manner, and viewers with increased perceived realism will be a potential receptive audience toward such advertising. Also, advertising cosmetic surgery services on Twitter feeds that discuss cosmetic surgery reality television programs would be potentially beneficial.

  1. Methodological considerations in analyzing Twitter data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Annice E; Hansen, Heather M; Murphy, Joe; Richards, Ashley K; Duke, Jennifer; Allen, Jane A

    2013-12-01

    Twitter is an online microblogging tool that disseminates more than 400 million messages per day, including vast amounts of health information. Twitter represents an important data source for the cancer prevention and control community. This paper introduces investigators in cancer research to the logistics of Twitter analysis. It explores methodological challenges in extracting and analyzing Twitter data, including characteristics and representativeness of data; data sources, access, and cost; sampling approaches; data management and cleaning; standardizing metrics; and analysis. We briefly describe the key issues and provide examples from the literature and our studies using Twitter data to understand public health issues. For investigators considering Twitter-based cancer research, we recommend assessing whether research questions can be answered appropriately using Twitter, choosing search terms carefully to optimize precision and recall, using respected vendors that can provide access to the full Twitter data stream if possible, standardizing metrics to account for growth in the Twitter population over time, considering crowdsourcing for analysis of Twitter content, and documenting and publishing all methodological decisions to further the evidence base.

  2. Facebook Use Predicts Declines in Subjective Well-Being in Young Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kross, Ethan; Verduyn, Philippe; Demiralp, Emre; Park, Jiyoung; Lee, David Seungjae; Lin, Natalie; Shablack, Holly; Jonides, John; Ybarra, Oscar

    2013-01-01

    Over 500 million people interact daily with Facebook. Yet, whether Facebook use influences subjective well-being over time is unknown. We addressed this issue using experience-sampling, the most reliable method for measuring in-vivo behavior and psychological experience. We text-messaged people five times per day for two-weeks to examine how Facebook use influences the two components of subjective well-being: how people feel moment-to-moment and how satisfied they are with their lives. Our results indicate that Facebook use predicts negative shifts on both of these variables over time. The more people used Facebook at one time point, the worse they felt the next time we text-messaged them; the more they used Facebook over two-weeks, the more their life satisfaction levels declined over time. Interacting with other people “directly” did not predict these negative outcomes. They were also not moderated by the size of people's Facebook networks, their perceived supportiveness, motivation for using Facebook, gender, loneliness, self-esteem, or depression. On the surface, Facebook provides an invaluable resource for fulfilling the basic human need for social connection. Rather than enhancing well-being, however, these findings suggest that Facebook may undermine it. PMID:23967061

  3. Facebook use predicts declines in subjective well-being in young adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kross, Ethan; Verduyn, Philippe; Demiralp, Emre; Park, Jiyoung; Lee, David Seungjae; Lin, Natalie; Shablack, Holly; Jonides, John; Ybarra, Oscar

    2013-01-01

    Over 500 million people interact daily with Facebook. Yet, whether Facebook use influences subjective well-being over time is unknown. We addressed this issue using experience-sampling, the most reliable method for measuring in-vivo behavior and psychological experience. We text-messaged people five times per day for two-weeks to examine how Facebook use influences the two components of subjective well-being: how people feel moment-to-moment and how satisfied they are with their lives. Our results indicate that Facebook use predicts negative shifts on both of these variables over time. The more people used Facebook at one time point, the worse they felt the next time we text-messaged them; the more they used Facebook over two-weeks, the more their life satisfaction levels declined over time. Interacting with other people "directly" did not predict these negative outcomes. They were also not moderated by the size of people's Facebook networks, their perceived supportiveness, motivation for using Facebook, gender, loneliness, self-esteem, or depression. On the surface, Facebook provides an invaluable resource for fulfilling the basic human need for social connection. Rather than enhancing well-being, however, these findings suggest that Facebook may undermine it.

  4. Twitter mood predicts the stock market

    CERN Document Server

    Bollen, Johan; Zeng, Xiao-Jun

    2010-01-01

    Behavioral economics tells us that emotions can profoundly affect individual behavior and decision-making. Does this also apply to societies at large, i.e., can societies experience mood states that affect their collective decision making? By extension is the public mood correlated or even predictive of economic indicators? Here we investigate whether measurements of collective mood states derived from large-scale Twitter feeds are correlated to the value of the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) over time. We analyze the text content of daily Twitter feeds by two mood tracking tools, namely OpinionFinder that measures positive vs. negative mood and Google-Profile of Mood States (GPOMS) that measures mood in terms of 6 dimensions (Calm, Alert, Sure, Vital, Kind, and Happy). We cross-validate the resulting mood time series by comparing their ability to detect the public's response to the presidential election and Thanksgiving day in 2008. A Granger causality analysis and a Self-Organizing Fuzzy Neural Network...

  5. Facebook versus Moodle in Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petrovic, Natasa; Jeremic, Veljko; Cirovic, Marko; Radojicic, Zoran; Milenkovic, Nemanja

    2014-01-01

    Very few research papers and case studies have shown successful integration of both Facebook and Moodle in the educational experience of students. This study sought to evaluate the educational benefits of the increasingly popular Facebook--which plays an important role in students' social life as well as their academic life--and to compare it with…

  6. Facebook versus Moodle in Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petrovic, Natasa; Jeremic, Veljko; Cirovic, Marko; Radojicic, Zoran; Milenkovic, Nemanja

    2014-01-01

    Very few research papers and case studies have shown successful integration of both Facebook and Moodle in the educational experience of students. This study sought to evaluate the educational benefits of the increasingly popular Facebook--which plays an important role in students' social life as well as their academic life--and to compare it…

  7. Facebook versus Moodle in Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petrovic, Natasa; Jeremic, Veljko; Cirovic, Marko; Radojicic, Zoran; Milenkovic, Nemanja

    2014-01-01

    Very few research papers and case studies have shown successful integration of both Facebook and Moodle in the educational experience of students. This study sought to evaluate the educational benefits of the increasingly popular Facebook--which plays an important role in students' social life as well as their academic life--and to compare it with…

  8. Making It “Facebook Official”: Reflecting on Romantic Relationships Through Sustained Facebook Use

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brady Robards

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available For the past 12 years, Facebook has played a significant role in mediating the lives of its users. Disclosures on the site go on to serve as intimate, co-constructed life records, albeit with unique and always-evolving affordances. The ways in which romantic relationships are mediated on the site are complex and contested: “What is the significance of articulating a romantic relationship on Facebook?” “Why do some choose to make socially and culturally critical moments like the beginning and ends of relationships visible on Facebook, whereas others (perhaps within the same relationship do not?” “How do these practices change over time?” and “When is it time to go “Facebook official”?” In this article, we draw on qualitative research with Facebook users in their 20s in Australia and the United Kingdom who have been using the site for 5 years or more. Interviews with participants revealed that romantic relationships were central to many of their growing up narratives, and in this article, we draw out examples to discuss four kinds of (non-exclusive practices: (1 overt relationship status disclosures, mediated through the “relationship status” affordance of the site, (2 implied relationship disclosures, mediated through an increase in images and tags featuring romantic partners, (3 the intended absence of relationship visibility, and (4 later-erased or revised relationship disclosures. We also critique the ways in which Facebook might work to produce normative “relationship traces,” privileging neat linearity, monogamy, and obfuscating (perhaps usefully, perhaps not the messy complexity of romantic relationships.

  9. Analyzing viewpoint diversity in twitter

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Information diversity has a long tradition in human history. Recently there have been claims that diversity is diminishing in information available in social networks. On the other hand, some studies suggest that diversity is actually quite high in social networks such as Twitter. However these studies only focus on the concept of source diversity and they only focus on American users. In this paper we analyze different dimensions of diversity. We also provide an experimental design in which ...

  10. Blogs and Twitter in medical publications: too unreliable to quote, or a change waiting to happen?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chatterjee, Pranab; Biswas, Tamoghna

    2011-09-27

    With the ubiquitous connectivity offered by the Internet, social media sites (like Twitter and Facebook) and personal publishing platforms (blogs) are proliferating rapidly. In this new, evolving scenario of social media, these tools become an important medium to disseminate information at a lightning speed. However, the conventional medical publication model is less than eager to regard them as equivalent to traditional modes of information dissemination. In this article we examine the role played by social media as a critic of the medical publication system, and how it acts as a safeguard by building a platform for post-publication peer review.

  11. Social udgiftsudligning via Facebook

    OpenAIRE

    Høiland-Jørgensen, Toke; Brandrup, Morten; Jørgensen, Mads Hald

    2009-01-01

    Når en gruppe venner eller bekendte deltager i aktiviteter sammen, fx en rejse eller lignende, sker det ofte at deltagerne i aktiviteten har en række fælles udgifter som de hver især betaler for. Opgaven med at udregne de nødvendige overførsler for at udligne udgifterne, er en opgave der med fordel kan automatiseres, og dette kan med fordel gøres over internettet. Vi har derfor konstrueret en Facebook-applikation som tillader brugere at indtaste og udligne deres udgifter. Applikationen ...

  12. Working with Facebook

    CERN Document Server

    2014-01-01

    This book enables you to start using Facebook right away. You will learn how to create an account, and how to fill your page with personal information, photos, and stories about the things you have done or are doing. You will learn how to add friends to your network, and which privacy settings to use to prevent unauthorized access to your personal information. The book is written using the Visual Steps method. The step-by-step method with clear instructions and screenshots will tell you exactly what you need to do.

  13. Malaysian Users’ Perception towards Facebook as a Social Networking Site

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahasanul Haque

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Social network sites constitute a rapidly growing phenomenon. Thus, understanding users perception toward social network sites become essential. Realizing this present needs, this study strives to determine the user’s perception towards Facebook in Malaysia. This paper commences by examining the relevance of the privacy, features, sharing social information, and accessibility provided by the social network sites. A self-administered questionnaire survey was conducted. A convenience sampling method was employed to collect data. A total of 206 questionnaires were found valid out of total 250 distributed questionnaires. Results indicate that there is a positive perception of Facebook in Malaysia exists because of easy accessibility and variety of features. However, Facebook still needs to improve the privacy system to protect the sharing social information by the users to make the Facebook more acceptable for the users in Malaysia.

  14. Understanding the Demographics of Twitter Users

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mislove, Alan; Jørgensen, Sune Lehmann; Ahn, Yong-Yeol;

    2011-01-01

    Every second, the thoughts and feelings of millions of people across the world are recorded in the form of 140-character tweets using Twitter. However, despite the enormous potential presented by this remarkable data source, we still do not have an understanding of the Twitter population itself......: Who are the Twitter users? How representative of the overall population are they? In this paper, we take the first steps towards answering these questions by analyzing data on a set of Twitter users representing over 1% of the U.S. population. We develop techniques that allow us to compare the Twitter...... population to the U.S. population along three axes (geography, gender, and race/ethnicity), and find that the Twitter population is a highly non-uniform sample of the population....

  15. Tools at Work: Facebook's March on Privacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rethlefsen, Melissa L.

    2010-01-01

    May 31, 2010, was Quit Facebook Day. But although only around 35,000 of the 500 million Facebook users pledged to quit Facebook on Memorial Day, there's a sense of unease stirring with the social network's strategy. Congress has called for Facebook to explain its stance on the collection and sharing of user information (see…

  16. Facebook Groups as LMS: A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meishar-Tal, Hagit; Kurtz, Gila; Pieterse, Efrat

    2012-01-01

    This paper describes a pilot study in using Facebook as an alternative to a learning management system (LMS). The paper reviews the current research on the use of Facebook in academia and analyzes the differences between a Facebook group and a regular LMS. The paper reports on a precedent-setting attempt to use a Facebook group as a course…

  17. Facing Facebook: A Guide for Nonteens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siegle, Del

    2011-01-01

    Facebook is a social networking phenomenon that has taken the United States by storm and gained universal popularity. Facebook has more than one-half trillion members; 1 out of every 12 people on the planet has a Facebook account. Some argue the interactive nature of social networking sites (SNSs) such as Facebook, as well as other interactive…

  18. Tools at Work: Facebook's March on Privacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rethlefsen, Melissa L.

    2010-01-01

    May 31, 2010, was Quit Facebook Day. But although only around 35,000 of the 500 million Facebook users pledged to quit Facebook on Memorial Day, there's a sense of unease stirring with the social network's strategy. Congress has called for Facebook to explain its stance on the collection and sharing of user information (see…

  19. Social media engagement analysis of U.S. Federal health agencies on Facebook.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhattacharya, Sanmitra; Srinivasan, Padmini; Polgreen, Philip

    2017-04-21

    It is becoming increasingly common for individuals and organizations to use social media platforms such as Facebook. These are being used for a wide variety of purposes including disseminating, discussing and seeking health related information. U.S. Federal health agencies are leveraging these platforms to 'engage' social media users to read, spread, promote and encourage health related discussions. However, different agencies and their communications get varying levels of engagement. In this study we use statistical models to identify factors that associate with engagement. We analyze over 45,000 Facebook posts from 72 Facebook accounts belonging to 24 health agencies. Account usage, user activity, sentiment and content of these posts are studied. We use the hurdle regression model to identify factors associated with the level of engagement and Cox proportional hazards model to identify factors associated with duration of engagement. In our analysis we find that agencies and accounts vary widely in their usage of social media and activity they generate. Statistical analysis shows, for instance, that Facebook posts with more visual cues such as photos or videos or those which express positive sentiment generate more engagement. We further find that posts on certain topics such as occupation or organizations negatively affect the duration of engagement. We present the first comprehensive analyses of engagement with U.S. Federal health agencies on Facebook. In addition, we briefly compare and contrast findings from this study to our earlier study with similar focus but on Twitter to show the robustness of our methods.

  20. A PROPOSED FRAMEWORK TO CONTROL RUMOUR PROPAGATION ON TWITTER FOR CRITICAL NATIONAL INFORMATION INFRASTRUCTURE (CNII ORGANISATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nor Faiz Muhammad Noor

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Critical National Information Infrastructure (CNII organisations in Malaysia consist of many crucial sectors that not solely effect on national e-sovereignty, but also on economy, social and politic matters. Due to the widely usage on social media especially on Twitter, harmful rumour can easily propagate without any restrictions on any CNII organisations. For instance, the harmful rumour can damage the function of affected CNII such as reputation, perception and even worse can lead to disability to function. Up to this moment, there is no proper control to stop rumour propagation on Twitter for CNII. Therefore, this paper proposes a framework on controlling rumour propagation on Twitter for Malaysian CNII.

  1. Twitter Language Use Reflects Psychological Differences between Democrats and Republicans.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karolina Sylwester

    Full Text Available Previous research has shown that political leanings correlate with various psychological factors. While surveys and experiments provide a rich source of information for political psychology, data from social networks can offer more naturalistic and robust material for analysis. This research investigates psychological differences between individuals of different political orientations on a social networking platform, Twitter. Based on previous findings, we hypothesized that the language used by liberals emphasizes their perception of uniqueness, contains more swear words, more anxiety-related words and more feeling-related words than conservatives' language. Conversely, we predicted that the language of conservatives emphasizes group membership and contains more references to achievement and religion than liberals' language. We analysed Twitter timelines of 5,373 followers of three Twitter accounts of the American Democratic and 5,386 followers of three accounts of the Republican parties' Congressional Organizations. The results support most of the predictions and previous findings, confirming that Twitter behaviour offers valid insights to offline behaviour.

  2. Sentiment Analysis of Twitter tweets using supervised classification technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pranav Waykar

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Making use of social media for analyzing the perceptions of the masses over a product, event or a person has gained momentum in recent times. Out of a wide array of social networks, we chose Twitter for our analysis as the opinions expressed their, are concise and bear a distinctive polarity. Here, we collect the most recent tweets on users' area of interest and analyze them. The extracted tweets are then segregated as positive, negative and neutral. We do the classification in following manner: collect the tweets using Twitter API; then we process the collected tweets to convert all letters to lowercase, eliminate special characters etc. which makes the classification more efficient; the processed tweets are classified using a supervised classification technique. We make use of Naive Bayes classifier to segregate the tweets as positive, negative and neutral. We use a set of sample tweets to train the classifier. The percentage of the tweets in each category is then computed and the result is represented graphically. The result can be used further to gain an insight into the views of the people using Twitter about a particular topic that is being searched by the user. It can help corporate houses devise strategies on the basis of the popularity of their product among the masses. It may help the consumers to make informed choices based on the general sentiment expressed by the Twitter users on a product

  3. Democratic resistance and state power in the age of social networks : the role of Facebook in Iran's green movement

    OpenAIRE

    Azizi Ari, Sharareh

    2014-01-01

    The internet and social networks have contributed extensively to democratic political uprisings in the Middle East in recent years. We cannot think of the Iranian Green Movement in 2009 and the Arab Spring in 2010-2011 without thinking, at the same time, of Facebook, Twitter and You Tube. The roles played by the internet and social networks in these two significant political events in this region led me to ask and discuss the question: Have internet and social networks constituted an alternat...

  4. Mental Health and Emotional Expression in Facebook

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eglee Duran Rodríguez

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The article reports the results of the project “Mental health and emotional expression in Facebook”. The research was approached from the qualitative paradigm under virtual ethnographic approach, interpreting the findings through their own players and triangulated with the views of researchers and experts in the area of mental health, emotions and information technology and communication. We concluded that a good part of users vented their secrets on Facebook, where they are able to confide and express a range of emotions and intimacies that in the real context is unlikely to give. Along these findings show that the use of Facebook serves as a space for emotional expression impacting the mental and emotional health.

  5. A Learning Success Story Using Facebook

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lara Promnitz-Hayashi

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The use of Web 2.0 tools such as wikis and blogs is becoming more widespread in the language learning classroom, however social networking can also be an effective tool. Social networking is not only easy to use; it also helps encourage an autonomous learning within a social environment for students. Activities using a social networking site, such as Facebook, can put control for studying into the students’ hands. It can create not only motivation but also increase students’ social relationships outside of the classroom. This article discusses how simple activities in Facebook helped a lower language proficient class to become more comfortable participating in online discussions, giving their opinions and forging closer relationships with their fellow classmates.

  6. Facebook: Hate it or Love it, But Can You Ignore it? A Comparative Study of US and India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arora, Shivani

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Facebook has been a part of our lives for the last decade. For a company started in 2004 to have penetrated the lives of people across the globe is commendable. The perpetuation of Facebook has led to a phenomena called Facebook Addiction Disorder. Companies are using Facebook to promote their business and people are using it to promote themselves, in addition to staying connected. In this paper, an effort is made to study respondents from India and the United States of America in order to gauge their dependence on Facebook, and a comparative view of it is presented.

  7. Seeking Personal Autonomy Through the Use of Facebook in Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mona Hajin

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available In Iran, where males and females are kept separated in different spheres, Facebook may be used as an opportunity to bridge this gap between the genders. However, this study showed that Facebook, as a nonymous platform in which people are in contact with their already-made social ties, didn’t seem to be liberating from the existing norms and rules within society. Facebook was a stage that became restricted with the involvement of social ties. The study’s analysis of interviews with six young Iranians showed that social meanings and norms of self-presentation on Facebook are defined to a large degree in terms of gender. The informants used a variety of strategies when presenting themselves on Facebook. They used Facebook simply for gaining personal autonomy. Strategies were adopted especially when one’s personal and community needs were in conflict. Efforts made to apply strategies were gendered and were used mainly by females. Males conformed to and women resisted societal norms and expectations.

  8. Collaborating on Facebook: Teachers Exchanging Experiences Through Social Networking Sites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    da Cunha Júnior F.,

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This study explores the use of Facebook for educational purposes, as a collaborative online space for enabling communication among teachers from different schools. The article describes how a group of 43 teachers on Facebook, from various schools in the southeast region of Brazil used a group on Facebook as a collaborative space for communicating among each other. On the group, these teachers shared experiences about the use of digital technologies in their secondary education classes. This study is based on Cultural Historical Activity Theory, considering the group on Facebook as a tool for mediating communication . The objective of this study is to explore why and how teachers collaborated with each other on Facebook, and to study how communication among them evolved in the process. We examined the posts on that group from 2012 to 2014, and two questionnaires responded online by the teachers in June 2012 and in December 2013. Our findings suggest that teachers tend to critically collaborate in smaller groups and that further online communication evolved outside the group of teachers, with the creation of smaller groups on Facebook inside their schools.

  9. Usage of Facebook by University Students in Romania and Lithuania: A Comparative Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dragoş Daniel IORDACHE

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Facebook is a social networking website which gained a huge popularity in the last decade among university students. Recent papers show that Facebook favors meeting new people, staying in touch with friends, getting useful information and knowledge, sharing of documents, joining groups and participating in group discussions. Although the usage of social networking websites in general and Facebook in particular has been extensively studied, this is little data available regarding the variations across countries, towns, and gender. This paper aims to comparatively analyze the results of two studies carried on in Lithuania and Romania. The data show that the reasons why university students are using Facebook differ from country to coun-try and from town to town. Female university students have larger Facebook networks and spend more time on Facebook than male university students.

  10. Cultural and Personality Predictors of Facebook Intrusion: A Cross-Cultural Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agata Błachnio

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The increase in the number of users of social networking sites has inspired intense efforts to determine intercultural differences between them. The main aim of the study was to investigate the cultural and personal predictors of Facebook intrusion. A total of 2,628 Facebook users from eight countries took part in the study. The Facebook Intrusion Questionnaire, the Ten-Item Personality Measure, and the Singelis Scale were used. We found that two variables related to Country were significantly related to Facebook intrusion: uniqueness (negatively and low context (positively; of the personality variables, conscientiousness and emotional stability were negatively related to the dependent variable of Facebook intrusion across different countries, which may indicate the universal pattern of Facebook intrusion. The results of the study will contribute to the international debate on the phenomenon of social networking sites (SNS.

  11. Overlap in Facebook Profiles Reflects Relationship Closeness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castañeda, Araceli M; Wendel, Markie L; Crockett, Erin E

    2015-01-01

    We assessed the association between self-reported Inclusion of Other in the Self (IOS) and Facebook overlap. Ninety-two participants completed online measures of IOS and investment model constructs. Researchers then recorded Facebook data from participants' profile pages. Results from multilevel models revealed that IOS predicted Facebook overlap. Furthermore, Facebook overlap was associated with commitment and investment in ways comparable to self-reported IOS. These findings suggest that overlap in Facebook profiles can be used to measure relationship closeness.

  12. Facebook a marketing

    OpenAIRE

    KARASOVÁ, Eva

    2010-01-01

    The main aim of this thesis is to verify the suitability of the use of Facebook as the main tool of communication mix within a specific marketing campaign. Individual Facebook applications will be analyzed and provide the basis for the practical part of the work. On this basis, the project consists of using social networking site Facebook for a particular company and will subsequently be analyzed in two campaigns that take place on the social network. The analysis will be carried out market r...

  13. Pienyritysten markkinointi Facebook-sivustoilla

    OpenAIRE

    Niemelä, Kaire

    2015-01-01

    Tämän opinnäytetyön aiheena oli pienyritysten markkinointi yritysten Facebooksivustoilla.Opinnäytetyön aihe rajattiin koskemaan ainoastaan pienyritysten tuottamaa sisältöä Facebook-sivustoilla. Opinnäytetyössä pyrittiin selvittämään, mitkä sisällölliset tekijät ovat seuraajien houkuttelemisessa tärkeimpiä pienyritysten Facebook-sivustoilla. Markkinointi Facebook-sivustoilla on ilmaista, ja pienyritykset voivat muodostaa omien sivustojensa kautta suhteita omiin asiakkaisiinsa ja seuraajiinsa. ...

  14. Facebook-mainonta : case: Sotka

    OpenAIRE

    Paananen, Jani

    2014-01-01

    Tämä opinnäytetyö käsittelee Facebook-mainontaa. Tavoitteena oli selvittää, millä tavalla yrityksen Facebook-sivun tykkääjämäärää saadaan tehokkaasti kasvatettua Facebook-mainonnan avulla. Sivutavoitteena oli tutkia, saadaanko samassa yhteydessä tehokkaasti kartutettua yrityksen sähköpostirekisteriä. Tämän työn case-yrityksenä on Sotka, joka on suomalainen huonekalujen vähittäiskauppaketju. Opinnäytetyö toteutettiin toimeksiantona Sotkalle. Tutkimuksen aihetta pidettiin yrityksessä tärkeä...

  15. Mourning and Grief on Facebook.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willis, Erin; Ferrucci, Patrick

    2017-01-01

    Facebook not only changed the way we communicate but also the way we mourn and express grief. The social networking site allows users to interact with deceased users' walls after death. This study utilized textual analysis to categorize Facebook posts ( N = 122) on 30 deceased users' walls according to uses and gratifications theory. Most posts were found to be motivated by entertainment, followed by integration and social interaction. Facebook users posted memories, condolences, and interacted with friends and family members in the deceased user's network. Implications and potential future research are discussed.

  16. Why Do People Use Facebook?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nadkarni, Ashwini; Hofmann, Stefan G

    2012-02-01

    The social networking site, Facebook, has gained an enormous amount of popularity. In this article, we review the literature on the factors contributing to Facebook use. We propose a model suggesting that Facebook use is motivated by two primary needs: (1) The need to belong and (2) the need for self-presentation. Demographic and cultural factors contribute to the need to belong, whereas neuroticism, narcissism, shyness, self-esteem and self-worth contribute to the need for self presentation. Areas for future research are discussed.

  17. Do Teacher Characteristics Matter for Facebook Use? Evidence from Classroom Teachers in Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evren ŞUMUER

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to examine classroom teachers’ Facebook use in terms of their individual characteristics such as gender, age, teaching experience, computer use, and internet use. Data were collected from 295 classroom teachers who have an active Facebook account through an online questionnaire. Findings showed that classroom teachers’ intensity of Facebook use was associated with age, years of teaching experience, and the amount of computer and internet use. However, there was no difference in the intensity of Facebook use between male and female classroom teachers. Implications, limitations, and further studies were discussed.

  18. The Twitter-thing (exhibition)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Birkbak, Andreas; Bornakke, Tobias; Papazu, Irina Maria Clara Hansen

    is created between that hashtag and the parliamentarian. The tool then generates a network visualization showing how parliamentarians group around topics and issues. The resulting ‘issue publics’ – or things in the sense of a collective aroused by an issue – are also ‘data publics’ because...... they are not necessarily aware of themselves as publics. At the same time, it is possible to self-select membership of these publics by using a specific hashtag. This raises the question of what feedback loops are at work between visualizations and those being visualized. How might a tool like the Twitter-thing change...

  19. Learning Spanish dialects through Twitter

    CERN Document Server

    Gonçalves, Bruno

    2015-01-01

    We map the large-scale variation of the Spanish language by employing a corpus based on geographically tagged Twitter messages. Lexical dialects are extracted from an analysis of variants of tens of concepts. The resulting maps show linguistic variations on an unprecedented scale across the globe. We discuss the properties of the main dialects within a machine learning approach and find that varieties spoken in urban areas have an international character in contrast to country areas where dialects show a more regional uniformity.

  20. Facebook as a recruitment tool for adolescent health research: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amon, Krestina L; Campbell, Andrew J; Hawke, Catherine; Steinbeck, Katharine

    2014-01-01

    Researchers are increasingly using social media to recruit participants to surveys and clinical studies. However, the evidence of the efficacy and validity of adolescent recruitment through Facebook is yet to be established. To conduct a systematic review of the literature on the use of Facebook to recruit adolescents for health research. Nine electronic databases and reference lists were searched for articles published between 2004 and 2013. Studies were included in the review if: 1) participants were aged ≥ 10 to ≤ 18 years, 2) studies addressed a physical or mental health issue, 3) Facebook was identified as a recruitment tool, 4) recruitment details using Facebook were outlined in the methods section and considered in the discussion, or information was obtained by contacting the authors, 5) results revealed how many participants were recruited using Facebook, and 6) studies addressed how adolescent consent and/or parental consent was obtained. Titles, abstracts, and keywords were scanned and duplicates removed by 2 reviewers. Full text was evaluated for inclusion criteria, and 2 reviewers independently extracted data. The search resulted in 587 publications, of which 25 full-text papers were analyzed. Six studies met all the criteria for inclusion in the review. Three recruitment methods using Facebook was identified: 1) paid Facebook advertising, 2) use of the Facebook search tool, and 3) creation and use of a Facebook Page. Eligible studies described the use of paid Facebook advertising and Facebook as a search tool as methods to successfully recruit adolescent participants. Online and verbal consent was obtained from participants recruited from Facebook. Copyright © 2014 Academic Pediatric Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Vaporous Marketing: Uncovering Pervasive Electronic Cigarette Advertisements on Twitter.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric M Clark

    Full Text Available Twitter has become the "wild-west" of marketing and promotional strategies for advertisement agencies. Electronic cigarettes have been heavily marketed across Twitter feeds, offering discounts, "kid-friendly" flavors, algorithmically generated false testimonials, and free samples.All electronic cigarette keyword related tweets from a 10% sample of Twitter spanning January 2012 through December 2014 (approximately 850,000 total tweets were identified and categorized as Automated or Organic by combining a keyword classification and a machine trained Human Detection algorithm. A sentiment analysis using Hedonometrics was performed on Organic tweets to quantify the change in consumer sentiments over time. Commercialized tweets were topically categorized with key phrasal pattern matching.The overwhelming majority (80% of tweets were classified as automated or promotional in nature. The majority of these tweets were coded as commercialized (83.65% in 2013, up to 33% of which offered discounts or free samples and appeared on over a billion twitter feeds as impressions. The positivity of Organic (human classified tweets has decreased over time (5.84 in 2013 to 5.77 in 2014 due to a relative increase in the negative words 'ban', 'tobacco', 'doesn't', 'drug', 'against', 'poison', 'tax' and a relative decrease in the positive words like 'haha', 'good', 'cool'. Automated tweets are more positive than organic (6.17 versus 5.84 due to a relative increase in the marketing words like 'best', 'win', 'buy', 'sale', 'health', 'discount' and a relative decrease in negative words like 'bad', 'hate', 'stupid', 'don't'.Due to the youth presence on Twitter and the clinical uncertainty of the long term health complications of electronic cigarette consumption, the protection of public health warrants scrutiny and potential regulation of social media marketing.

  2. All a Twitter: Want to Try Microblogging?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kroski, Ellyssa

    2008-01-01

    The author describes how she was able to broadcast her whereabouts, her moods, and her desire to connect with friends for dinner to over 150 conference attendees simultaneously, using her mobile phone through a service called Twitter. Twitter enables social butterflies like the author to instantly publish brief messages to a network of contacts.…

  3. Twitter Predicts Citation Rates of Ecological Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peoples, Brandon K; Midway, Stephen R; Sackett, Dana; Lynch, Abigail; Cooney, Patrick B

    2016-01-01

    The relationship between traditional metrics of research impact (e.g., number of citations) and alternative metrics (altmetrics) such as Twitter activity are of great interest, but remain imprecisely quantified. We used generalized linear mixed modeling to estimate the relative effects of Twitter activity, journal impact factor, and time since publication on Web of Science citation rates of 1,599 primary research articles from 20 ecology journals published from 2012-2014. We found a strong positive relationship between Twitter activity (i.e., the number of unique tweets about an article) and number of citations. Twitter activity was a more important predictor of citation rates than 5-year journal impact factor. Moreover, Twitter activity was not driven by journal impact factor; the 'highest-impact' journals were not necessarily the most discussed online. The effect of Twitter activity was only about a fifth as strong as time since publication; accounting for this confounding factor was critical for estimating the true effects of Twitter use. Articles in impactful journals can become heavily cited, but articles in journals with lower impact factors can generate considerable Twitter activity and also become heavily cited. Authors may benefit from establishing a strong social media presence, but should not expect research to become highly cited solely through social media promotion. Our research demonstrates that altmetrics and traditional metrics can be closely related, but not identical. We suggest that both altmetrics and traditional citation rates can be useful metrics of research impact.

  4. California Digital Library in Twitter-Land

    Science.gov (United States)

    Starr, Joan

    2010-01-01

    In October 2009, California Digital Library (CDL), where the author serves as manager of strategic and project planning, jumped into the world of social networking by joining Twitter. From Twitter, the CDL staff publish the content of their monthly newsletter, "CDLINFO News," and also additional content created by CDL programs and individuals. In…

  5. California Digital Library in Twitter-Land

    Science.gov (United States)

    Starr, Joan

    2010-01-01

    In October 2009, California Digital Library (CDL), where the author serves as manager of strategic and project planning, jumped into the world of social networking by joining Twitter. From Twitter, the CDL staff publish the content of their monthly newsletter, "CDLINFO News," and also additional content created by CDL programs and…

  6. Advanced Melanoma Facebook Live Event

    Science.gov (United States)

    In case you missed it, watch this recent Facebook Live event about the current state of research and treatment for advanced stage melanoma. To learn more, see our evidence-based information about skin cancer, including melanoma.

  7. Members of Parliament on Facebook

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Mads P.

    at political party meetings and at public meetings and hearings. However, the upcoming of new social media like Facebook provides new, interesting platforms for this conversation. And many opinion makers and scholars have high expectations for the democratic potential of these platforms. The paper examines...... what happens when traditional democratic conversations between citizens and politicians are moved away from the old face-to-face meetings and into Facebook. Through interviews with Danish Members of Parliament (MPs) the paper examines the advantages and disadvantages of online democratic conversations...... on Facebook as experienced by the MPs. The paper builds on a former quantitative mapping of the political conversation activities between Danish MPs and their followers on Facebook (Sørensen, 2015)....

  8. FACEBOOK AND WHATSAPP: BENEFICIAL OR HARMFUL?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sankalp Raj

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available New innovations and advances in science and technology in the present day have made considerable and significant changes in the lifestyle of people all around the globe. Communication from one part of the world to another is possible at the hit of a button . Social networking is being rampantly used everywhere and by everybody, be it youngsters or the older generation. Facebook and Whatsapp are the most commonly used means of communication in social networking at present. Smart phones functioning as minicomp uters with fast internet connectivity in the pockets of today’s technosavy generation have made them create and spend most of their time interacting with people in a virtual world. There is an urgent need to understand the dynamics of social media and its effects on the lifestyle of people. Studies documenting the same have been very few. This study was conducted to understand the benefits and harms towards health and academics of MBBS students. This cross - sectional study on 147 MBBS students revealed inter esting findings and opinions of the students. Effects of Facebook and What Sapp on productivity and sleep disturbances due to it were the significant findings of the study. Facebook and Whatsapp can be considered both beneficial and harmful and it solely d epends on how it is being put to use

  9. En un lugar de Twitter: las andanzas del caballero don Quijote por la red del pajarito

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Concepción Torres Begines

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Since the beginning of Twitter in 2006, we have attended to the born of a new way of writing according to the parameters imposed by the social network. Many studies have stated the existence of a new literary form known as twitterature in its most popular entry. In this article, we have tried to compile the most significant projects related to the role played by Don Quixote, the main work in the literature written in Spanish, in Twitter.

  10. Online Survey Data from Twitter and Archaeology Surveys 2011-2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorna-Jane Richardson

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available These survey results are from annual online surveys of Twitter users who are active volunteers or professional archaeologists worldwide. The data covers a variety of topics related to location of Twitter use, the type of device used, lists and followers, activity relating to archaeological topics, public engagement and archaeological networking online. There is scope for sentiment analysis, and further qualitative and quantitative analysis.

  11. Every Now And Then: Journalists and Twitter Use in Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Banu Akdenizli

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This study builds on Lasorsa, Lewis & Holton’s (2012 work, and on a studyby the Pew Research Center’s Journalism Project (PEW Journalism, HowMainstream Media Outlets Use Twitter (2012; and focuses on how journalists in Turkey behave on Twitter. It aims to explore what kind of information Turkish journalists share online and how they share it, if and how they engage with fellow users; and how their overall Twitter practice influences, and in some cases, redefines their role as professional journalists. To answer these research questions a list of the 20 most-read Turkish journalists and their 1715 tweets between March 5, 2012 and March 19, 2012 were analyzed. The study revealed that the journalists observed varied widely in how frequently they posted, and on what topics they posted. Data showed that journalists in some cases used the retweet function to share information mainstream media was perhaps not able to cover live or with people on site. In terms of retweeting there was a fair share of selfpromotion going on in terms of publicizing one’s own story and also other stories from the journalist’s news organization. Journalists also answered specific questions about their work or were asked to elaborate on certain matters. There was also a fair share of satire and lighthearted commentary on popular culture, food, travel and aging. This study representsa first-of-a-kind content analysis of Twitter use by journalists in Turkey. As Twitter becomes more mainstream its use patterns are likely to evolve as well, yet at this point the study suggests that, generally speaking, Twitter use by journalists for reporting purposes is in its infancy in 2012. The study provides a snapshot of a certain period and can serve as a benchmark for further studies of Twitter use among journalists in Turkey. Cette étude s’appuie sur le travail de Lasorsa, Lewis & Holton (2012 et sur une étude du Pew Research Center’s Journalism Project (PEW Journalism

  12. What's your face on Facebook?

    OpenAIRE

    Drachmann-Hansen, Katrine; Bergdahl, Sif Lynge; Lystoft-Rehbein, Sofie; Nielsen, Emilie Brøchner; Priess, Kamilla; Nordenskiold, Shirley Noraphanlop

    2012-01-01

    In the technological world of 2012, the social media Facebook has become a big part of most people’s lives in the Western society. This project seeks to investigate how individuals create a profile on Facebook and how they might customize their personality on the screen. This project works with the sociologists Erving Goffman and Sherry Turkle, whose theories have been, applied in this case study. Moreover the theory autoethnography have been used to analyse each of the group members profile ...

  13. Fictional privacy among Facebook users.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lemieux, Robert

    2012-08-01

    The current study involved the creation of a fictional Facebook account with limited information and was designed to assess whether participants would accept the friendship of an ambiguous, unknown person. Results indicated that 325 Facebook members (72% of the sample) willingly accepted the friendship of the unknown individual. Results are discussed in relation to privacy concerns, norms of reciprocity, and allowing access to potentially embarrassing information and/or pictures.

  14. Phishing, Personality Traits and Facebook

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Phishing attacks have become an increasing threat to online users. Recent research has begun to focus on the factors that cause people to respond to them. Our study examines the correlation between the Big Five personality traits and email phishing response. We also examine how these factors affect users behavior on Facebook, including posting personal information and choosing Facebook privacy settings. Our research shows that when using a prize phishing email, we find a strong correlation be...

  15. Astrophysicists' conversational connections on Twitter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holmberg, Kim; Bowman, Timothy D; Haustein, Stefanie; Peters, Isabella

    2014-01-01

    Because Twitter and other social media are increasingly used for analyses based on altmetrics, this research sought to understand what contexts, affordance use, and social activities influence the tweeting behavior of astrophysicists. Thus, the presented study has been guided by three research questions that consider the influence of astrophysicists' activities (i.e., publishing and tweeting frequency) and of their tweet construction and affordance use (i.e. use of hashtags, language, and emotions) on the conversational connections they have on Twitter. We found that astrophysicists communicate with a variety of user types (e.g. colleagues, science communicators, other researchers, and educators) and that in the ego networks of the astrophysicists clear groups consisting of users with different professional roles can be distinguished. Interestingly, the analysis of noun phrases and hashtags showed that when the astrophysicists address the different groups of very different professional composition they use very similar terminology, but that they do not talk to each other (i.e. mentioning other user names in tweets). The results also showed that in those areas of the ego networks that tweeted more the sentiment of the tweets tended to be closer to neutral, connecting frequent tweeting with information sharing activities rather than conversations or expressing opinions.

  16. Do altmetrics work? Twitter and ten other social web services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thelwall, Mike; Haustein, Stefanie; Larivière, Vincent; Sugimoto, Cassidy R

    2013-01-01

    Altmetric measurements derived from the social web are increasingly advocated and used as early indicators of article impact and usefulness. Nevertheless, there is a lack of systematic scientific evidence that altmetrics are valid proxies of either impact or utility although a few case studies have reported medium correlations between specific altmetrics and citation rates for individual journals or fields. To fill this gap, this study compares 11 altmetrics with Web of Science citations for 76 to 208,739 PubMed articles with at least one altmetric mention in each case and up to 1,891 journals per metric. It also introduces a simple sign test to overcome biases caused by different citation and usage windows. Statistically significant associations were found between higher metric scores and higher citations for articles with positive altmetric scores in all cases with sufficient evidence (Twitter, Facebook wall posts, research highlights, blogs, mainstream media and forums) except perhaps for Google+ posts. Evidence was insufficient for LinkedIn, Pinterest, question and answer sites, and Reddit, and no conclusions should be drawn about articles with zero altmetric scores or the strength of any correlation between altmetrics and citations. Nevertheless, comparisons between citations and metric values for articles published at different times, even within the same year, can remove or reverse this association and so publishers and scientometricians should consider the effect of time when using altmetrics to rank articles. Finally, the coverage of all the altmetrics except for Twitter seems to be low and so it is not clear if they are prevalent enough to be useful in practice.

  17. Internet sociology: Impact of Facebook addiction on the lifestyle and other recreational activities of the Indian youth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Modi Y.A.

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: In March 2013 Facebook announced it had around 1.1 billion monthly active users, this number has been growing exponentially from 40% in 2011 and it is estimated to pass 70% mark in 2013. Most of these users being young, the impact of Facebook addiction can clearly be expected to alter their lifestyle. Objectives: •To examine the impact Facebook addiction (IV on the recreational activities (DV. •To identify the effects of Facebook addiction on the well-being of the Indian youth. Methods: Empirical research using descriptive analysis was conducted on more than 100 college students. Findings: Greater percentage of the population is at threat to get addicted or is already addicted to Facebook. Activities affected due to Facebook usage were identified and categorized. Anger, frustration, boredom and sadness were the possible variables reported by respondent incase of forceful reduction of Facebook usage.

  18. Burn Prevention for Families with Children with Special Needs

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Section Global Road Safety Sponsors Recalls Media Center Blog Videos Newsletter facebook twitter instagram pinterest gplus youtube ... List Global Road Safety Sponsors Recalls Media Center Blog Videos Newsletter facebook twitter instagram pinterest gplus youtube ...

  19. Time to Eat! What Will You Feed Your Baby?

    Medline Plus

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  20. Feeding Your Baby

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  1. Exercise during Pregnancy

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  2. Blood Clotting and Pregnancy

    Medline Plus

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  3. Burn Prevention for Families with Children with Special Needs

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  4. Cesarean Section: The Operation

    Medline Plus

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  5. Cesarean Section: Recovering After Surgery

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  6. Get Tested for Colon Cancer: Here's How

    Medline Plus

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  7. Gestational Hypertension and Preeclampsia

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  8. At Least 39 Weeks

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  9. Exercise during Pregnancy

    Medline Plus

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  10. Get Tested for Colon Cancer: Here's How

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Statistics Center Volunteer Learning Center Follow Us Twitter Facebook Instagram Cancer Information, Answers, and Hope. Available Every ... 800.227.2345 Live Chat Follow Us Twitter Facebook Instagram help site map privacy accessibility terms of ...

  11. Time to Eat! What Will You Feed Your Baby?

    Medline Plus

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  12. At Least 39 Weeks

    Medline Plus

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  13. Gestational Hypertension and Preeclampsia

    Medline Plus

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  14. Blood Clotting and Pregnancy

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... About Awards Membership ASH Foundation Global Initiatives Newsroom facebook twitter youtube linkedin Research In This Section Agenda ... About Awards Membership ASH Foundation Global Initiatives Newsroom facebook twitter youtube linkedin Copyright © 2017 by American Society ...

  15. Cesarean Section: The Operation

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  16. Burn Prevention for Families with Children with Special Needs

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Safety Sponsors Recalls Media Center Blog Videos Newsletter facebook twitter instagram pinterest gplus youtube Search Menu Why ... Safety Sponsors Recalls Media Center Blog Videos Newsletter facebook twitter instagram pinterest gplus youtube Sign up for ...

  17. Cesarean Section: Recovering After Surgery

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  18. EFFECT OF A NOVEL ENGAGEMENT STRATEGY USING TWITTER ON TEST PERFORMANCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amanda L. Webb

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Medical educators in recent years have been using social media for more penetrance to technologically-savvy learners. The utility of using Twitter for curriculum content delivery has not been studied. We sought to determine if participation in a social media-based educational supplement would improve student performance on a test of clinical images at the end of the semester. Methods: 116 second-year medical students were enrolled in a lecture-based clinical medicine course, in which images of common clinical exam findings were presented. An additional, optional assessment was performed on Twitter. Each week, a clinical presentation and physical exam image (not covered in course lectures were distributed via Twitter, and students were invited to guess the exam finding or diagnosis. After the completion of the course, students were asked to participate in a slideshow “quiz” with 24 clinical images, half from lecture and half from Twitter. Results: We conducted a one-way analysis of variance to determine the effect Twitter participation had on total, Twitter-only, and lecture-only scores. Twitter participation data was collected from the end-of-course survey and was defined as submitting answers to the Twitter-only questions “all or most of the time”, “about half of the time”, and “little or none of the time.” We found a significant difference in overall scores (p<0.001 and in Twitter-only scores (p<0.001. There was not enough evidence to conclude a significant difference in lecture-only scores (p=0.124. Students who submitted answers to Twitter “all or most of the time” or “about half the time” had significantly higher overall scores and Twitter-only scores (p<0.001 and p<0.001, respectively than those students who only submitted answers “little or none of the time.” Conclusion: While students retained less information from Twitter than from traditional classroom lecture, some retention was noted. Future

  19. Students’ Adoption of Facebook in Higher Education: A gender-based Comparison

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lee Cheng Ean (Catherine

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to examine the gender differences of undergraduate students’ educational use of Facebook. The objectives of the study include identifying male and female students’ Facebook usage and assessing their perception on the usefulness and ease of use of Facebook in higher education. Using a quantitative research method, results reveal that male students have a higher frequency of Facebook visit (93.9%. Male students are more competent (48.5% and more satisfied (42.2% in using Facebook in comparison to female students. Although there were marginal differences between males’ and females’ perception for both usefulness and ease of use of Facebook (with mean differences ranging from 0.01 to 0.33; the differences in their overall perception on the usefulness and ease of use of Facebook were not significant (p<.05. In conclusion, male students had a higher overall score on the perceived usefulness of Facebook in higher education, while female students had a higher overall score on the perceived ease of use of Facebook.

  20. Adverse Health Effects and Unhealthy Behaviors among Medical Students Using Facebook

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sami Abdo Radman Al-Dubai

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Little is known about the relationships between adverse health effects and unhealthy behaviors among medical students using Facebook. The aim of this study was to determine the associations between adverse health effects and unhealthy behaviors with Facebook use. A cross-sectional study was conducted in a private university in Malaysia among 316 medical students. A self-administered questionnaire was used. It included questions on sociodemographics, pattern of Facebook use, social relationship, unhealthy behaviors, and health effects. Mean age was 20.5 (±2.7 years. All students had a Facebook account. The average daily Facebook surfing hours were 2.5 (±1.7. Significant associations were found between average hours of Facebook surfing and the following factors: isolation from family members and community, refusing to answer calls, musculoskeletal pain, headache, and eye irritation (P<0.005. The average hours spent on Facebook were significantly associated with holding urination and defecation while online, surfing Facebook until midnight, and postponing, forgetting, or skipping meals (P<0.005. The average hours spent on Facebook were associated with adverse health effects and unhealthy behaviors among medical students, as well as social isolation from the family and community.

  1. The Potential for Facebook Application in Undergraduate Learning: A Study of Jordanian Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayman Alarabiat

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper was to explore the current and potential use of Facebook for learning purposes by Jordanian university students. The paper attempted to compare such use with other uses of Facebook. Further, the paper investigated Jordanian university students’ attitudes towards using Facebook as a formal academic tool, through the use of course-specific Facebook groups. To that end, quantitative data were collected from a sample of 451 students from three Jordanian public universities. Findings indicated that the vast majority of Jordanian students had Facebook accounts, which echoes its popularity amongst Jordanian youth compared to other types of online social networking sites. While both “social activities” and “entertainment” were the primary motivators for Jordanian students to create and use Facebook accounts, a growing number of them were using Facebook for academic purposes too. Further, Jordanian students had a positive attitude toward the use of “Facebook groups” as an educational tool for specific courses, and under specific conditions. Based on its findings, the paper provides suggestions for Jordanian higher institutions to invest in the application of Facebook as a formal academic tool.

  2. Social acceptance of high school students in classroom and on Facebook

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tanja Špes

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship between social acceptance in classroom and social acceptance on Facebook. In this study social acceptance was operationalized as social preference and as sociometric status. First, we examined whether intensity of Facebook usage, time spent on Facebook, and social preference in classroom predict social preference on Facebook. Second, we examined the relationship between sociometric status in classroom and sociometric status on Facebook. We used Facebook intensity scale (FBI and two versions of sociometric test (with regard to peer relations in the classroom and on Facebook. The participants were 188 high school students, 117 females (57.4% and 71 males (34.8%, between 16 and 19 years of age. The results have shown that social preference in classroom significantly predicts social preference on Facebook and that there is a positive moderate correlation between sociometric status in classroom and sociometric status on Facebook. These results are important for implementation of preventive strategies for students, who are rejected and are victims of bullying.

  3. Twitter からのユーザ情報抽出およびプロフィール推定

    OpenAIRE

    的埜, 孝宏; MATONO, takahiro

    2014-01-01

    Abstract—In these days many people use Social NetworkServices (SNS) such as Facebook, Line and Twitter thoughcomputers and smartphones. By mining the SNS data, a lot ofapplications can be made, for instances, special event finding,people's social relations, market planning, recommendation, etc.One of important researches is to automatically or semi-Automatically build a model for a user, based on analysis ofuser's SNS data. Generally, user modeling is to estimate thehobbies, preference, behav...

  4. Facebook a jeho využití v marketingu

    OpenAIRE

    Míka, Michal

    2009-01-01

    Text is describing social networks from their beginning to present boom. It mentions the role of people within social networks and the role of moderny technologies. It describes in detail Facebook and marketing in its enviroment. In conclusion, this work contains a case study, where are some current methods of marketing on Facebook. This study is illustrated on the project Playzone.cz.

  5. Trainee Hairdressers' Uses of Facebook as a Community of Gendered Literacy Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davies, Julia

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents research into how four female trainee hairdressers use Facebook. The participants are friends, attending college in the north of England. In this work I was interested in participants' presentations of self as presented through their Facebook activities. This work draws on New Literacy Studies to consider the written texts and…

  6. Two Applications of Clustering Techniques to Twitter: Community Detection and Issue Extraction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yong-Hyuk Kim

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Twitter’s recent growth in the number of users has redefined its status from a simple social media service to a mass media. We deal with clustering techniques applied to Twitter network and Twitter trend analysis. When we divide and cluster Twitter network, we can find a group of users with similar inclination, called a “Community.” In this regard, we introduce the Louvain algorithm and advance a partitioned Louvain algorithm as its improved variant. In the result of the experiment based on actual Twitter data, the partitioned Louvain algorithm supplemented the performance decline and shortened the execution time. Also, we use clustering techniques for trend analysis. We use nonnegative matrix factorization (NMF, which is a convenient method to intuitively interpret and extract issues on various time scales. By cross-verifying the results using NFM, we found that it has clear correlation with the actual main issue.

  7. Detección de Idioma en Twitter (Language Detection on Twitter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yudivián Almeida-Cruz

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Resumen El trabajo presenta una alternativa para identificar idiomas en Twitter sin que sea necesario utilizar conjuntos de entrenamiento o información agregada. En dicha alternativa se utilizan técnicas basadas en los algoritmos de reconocimiento de trigramas y small words. Se valora la utilización de estos algoritmos por sí solos y en un modelo de composición. Asimismo, se analiza la incidencia del pre-procesamiento de los tweets en la precisión de la identificación de los idiomas. Finalmente, después de un proceso de experimentación, se determina la mejor alternativa de las estudiadas. Abstract The paper presents an alternative to identify languages on Twitter without having to use training sets or aggregated information. Such alternative is based on trigram recognition algorithms and small words techniques. The use of these algorithms is evaluated both on their own and in a model of composition. Also, the incidence of pre-processing of tweets in the accuracy of identifying the language is discussed. Finally, after a process of experimentation, the best alternative, out of those studied, is determined.

  8. Exploiting Language Models to Classify Events from Twitter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duc-Thuan Vo

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Classifying events is challenging in Twitter because tweets texts have a large amount of temporal data with a lot of noise and various kinds of topics. In this paper, we propose a method to classify events from Twitter. We firstly find the distinguishing terms between tweets in events and measure their similarities with learning language models such as ConceptNet and a latent Dirichlet allocation method for selectional preferences (LDA-SP, which have been widely studied based on large text corpora within computational linguistic relations. The relationship of term words in tweets will be discovered by checking them under each model. We then proposed a method to compute the similarity between tweets based on tweets’ features including common term words and relationships among their distinguishing term words. It will be explicit and convenient for applying to k-nearest neighbor techniques for classification. We carefully applied experiments on the Edinburgh Twitter Corpus to show that our method achieves competitive results for classifying events.

  9. Desarrollo de Mooc en Facebook

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Bravo Reyes

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Los cursos masivos, abiertos y en línea (MOOC constituyen un modo de capacitación no formal para millones de personas que se inscriben dentro del proceso de formación permanente que es propio de la sociedad actual. La mayoría de estos cursos se desarrollan en plataformas que mantienen un carácter vertical en la relación entre los organizadores de los cursos y sus participantes. El artículo describe el desarrollo de dos MOOC que emplean Facebook, la metodología propia para este tipo de curso en dicha plataforma y la manera de involucrar a los estudiantes de trabajo final de grado de la licenciatura en Educación de nuestra Universidad en los dos MOOC y que asumen el papel de profesores. Los resultados obtenidos, parte de los cuales son analizados en el trabajo, demostraron que los principales problemas en este tipo de curso son los mismos que presentan otros cursos que tienen lugar en otras plataformas.

  10. Data Mining Twitter for Science Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teng, W. L.; Albayrak, A.; Huffman, G. J.

    2016-12-01

    The Twitter social microblogging database, which recently passed its tenth anniversary, is potentially a rich source of real-time and historical global information for science applications (beyond the by-now fairly familiar use of Twitter for natural hazards monitoring). Over the past several years, we have been exploring the feasibility of extracting from the Twitter data stream useful information for application to NASA precipitation research, with both "passive" and "active" participation by the twitterers. In the passive case, we have experimented with listening to the Twitter stream in real time for "precipitation" and related tweets (in different languages), applying basic filters for exact phrases, extracting location information, and mapping the resulting tweet distributions. In the active case, we have conducted preliminary experiments to evaluate different methods of engaging with potential participants. The time-varying set of "precipitation" tweets can be thought of as an organic network of rain gauges, potentially providing a widespread view of precipitation occurrence. The validation of satellite precipitation estimates is challenging, because many regions lack data or access to data, especially outside of the U.S. and in remote and developing areas. Mining the Twitter stream could augment these validation programs and, potentially, help tune existing algorithms. Though exploratory, our efforts thus far could significantly extend the application realm of Twitter, as a platform for citizen science, beyond natural hazards monitoring to science applications.

  11. Twitter sentiment around the Earnings Announcement events.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gabrovšek, Peter; Aleksovski, Darko; Mozetič, Igor; Grčar, Miha

    2017-01-01

    We investigate the relationship between social media, Twitter in particular, and stock market. We provide an in-depth analysis of the Twitter volume and sentiment about the 30 companies in the Dow Jones Industrial Average index, over a period of three years. We focus on Earnings Announcements and show that there is a considerable difference with respect to when the announcements are made: before the market opens or after the market closes. The two different timings of the Earnings Announcements were already investigated in the financial literature, but not yet in the social media. We analyze the differences in terms of the Twitter volumes, cumulative abnormal returns, trade returns, and earnings surprises. We report mixed results. On the one hand, we show that the Twitter sentiment (the collective opinion of the users) on the day of the announcement very well reflects the stock moves on the same day. We demonstrate this by applying the event study methodology, where the polarity of the Earnings Announcements is computed from the Twitter sentiment. Cumulative abnormal returns are high (2-4%) and statistically significant. On the other hand, we find only weak predictive power of the Twitter sentiment one day in advance. It turns out that it is important how to account for the announcements made after the market closes. These after-hours announcements draw high Twitter activity immediately, but volume and price changes in trading are observed only on the next day. On the day before the announcements, the Twitter volume is low, and the sentiment has very weak predictive power. A useful lesson learned is the importance of the proper alignment between the announcements, trading and Twitter data.

  12. Twitter sentiment around the Earnings Announcement events

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grčar, Miha

    2017-01-01

    We investigate the relationship between social media, Twitter in particular, and stock market. We provide an in-depth analysis of the Twitter volume and sentiment about the 30 companies in the Dow Jones Industrial Average index, over a period of three years. We focus on Earnings Announcements and show that there is a considerable difference with respect to when the announcements are made: before the market opens or after the market closes. The two different timings of the Earnings Announcements were already investigated in the financial literature, but not yet in the social media. We analyze the differences in terms of the Twitter volumes, cumulative abnormal returns, trade returns, and earnings surprises. We report mixed results. On the one hand, we show that the Twitter sentiment (the collective opinion of the users) on the day of the announcement very well reflects the stock moves on the same day. We demonstrate this by applying the event study methodology, where the polarity of the Earnings Announcements is computed from the Twitter sentiment. Cumulative abnormal returns are high (2–4%) and statistically significant. On the other hand, we find only weak predictive power of the Twitter sentiment one day in advance. It turns out that it is important how to account for the announcements made after the market closes. These after-hours announcements draw high Twitter activity immediately, but volume and price changes in trading are observed only on the next day. On the day before the announcements, the Twitter volume is low, and the sentiment has very weak predictive power. A useful lesson learned is the importance of the proper alignment between the announcements, trading and Twitter data. PMID:28235103

  13. Understanding Human Mobility from Twitter

    CERN Document Server

    Jurdak, Raja; Liu, Jiajun; AbouJaoude, Maurice; Cameron, Mark; Newth, David

    2014-01-01

    We analyse a large dataset with more than six million get-tagged tweets posted in Australia, and demonstrate that Twitter can be a reliable source for studying human mobility patterns. We find that crucial information of human mobility, such as its multi-scale and multi-modal nature, returning tendency and regularity, as well as the heterogeneous moving scale among individuals, can be extracted from geo-tagged tweets using various statistical indicators. Our analysis of the spatial-temporal patterns for people with different moving scales shows that long-distance travellers have highly concentrated urban movements. Our study not only deepens overall understanding of human mobility but also opens new avenues for tracking human mobility.

  14. A Review of Research on Facebook as an Educational Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aydin, Selami

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to present a review of Facebook as an educational environment, as research on its use within education is relatively new. The study is categorized into six sections: Facebook users; reasons people use Facebook; harmful effects of Facebook; Facebook as an educational environment; Facebook's effects on culture, language,…

  15. A Review of Research on Facebook as an Educational Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aydin, Selami

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to present a review of Facebook as an educational environment, as research on its use within education is relatively new. The study is categorized into six sections: Facebook users; reasons people use Facebook; harmful effects of Facebook; Facebook as an educational environment; Facebook's effects on culture, language,…

  16. Pre-processing Tasks in Indonesian Twitter Messages

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hidayatullah, A. F.; Ma’arif, M. R.

    2017-01-01

    Twitter text messages are very noisy. Moreover, tweet data are unstructured and complicated enough. The focus of this work is to investigate pre-processing technique for Twitter messages in Bahasa Indonesia. The main goal of this experiment is to clean the tweet data for further analysis. Thus, the objectives of this pre-processing task is simply removing all meaningless character and left valuable words. In this research, we divide our proposed pre-processing experiments into two parts. The first part is common pre-processing task. The second part is a specific pre-processing task for tweet data. From the experimental result we can conclude that by employing a specific pre-processing task related to tweet data characteristic we obtained more valuable result. The result obtained is better in terms of less meaningful word occurrence which is not significant in number comparing to the result obtained by just running common pre-processing tasks.

  17. Twitter Seismology: Earthquake Monitoring and Response in a Social World

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowden, D. C.; Earle, P. S.; Guy, M.; Smoczyk, G.

    2011-12-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is investigating how the social networking site Twitter, a popular service for sending and receiving short, public, text messages, can augment USGS earthquake response products and the delivery of hazard information. The potential uses of Twitter for earthquake response include broadcasting earthquake alerts, rapidly detecting widely felt events, qualitatively assessing earthquake damage effects, communicating with the public, and participating in post-event collaboration. Several seismic networks and agencies are currently distributing Twitter earthquake alerts including the European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre (@LastQuake), Natural Resources Canada (@CANADAquakes), and the Indonesian meteorological agency (@infogempabmg); the USGS will soon distribute alerts via the @USGSted and @USGSbigquakes Twitter accounts. Beyond broadcasting alerts, the USGS is investigating how to use tweets that originate near the epicenter to detect and characterize shaking events. This is possible because people begin tweeting immediately after feeling an earthquake, and their short narratives and exclamations are available for analysis within 10's of seconds of the origin time. Using five months of tweets that contain the word "earthquake" and its equivalent in other languages, we generate a tweet-frequency time series. The time series clearly shows large peaks correlated with the origin times of widely felt events. To identify possible earthquakes, we use a simple Short-Term-Average / Long-Term-Average algorithm similar to that commonly used to detect seismic phases. As with most auto-detection algorithms, the parameters can be tuned to catch more or less events at the cost of more or less false triggers. When tuned to a moderate sensitivity, the detector found 48 globally-distributed, confirmed seismic events with only 2 false triggers. A space-shuttle landing and "The Great California ShakeOut" caused the false triggers. This number of

  18. Event based classification of Web 2.0 text streams

    CERN Document Server

    Bauer, Andreas

    2012-01-01

    Web 2.0 applications like Twitter or Facebook create a continuous stream of information. This demands new ways of analysis in order to offer insight into this stream right at the moment of the creation of the information, because lots of this data is only relevant within a short period of time. To address this problem real time search engines have recently received increased attention. They take into account the continuous flow of information differently than traditional web search by incorporating temporal and social features, that describe the context of the information during its creation. Standard approaches where data first get stored and then is processed from a peristent storage suffer from latency. We want to address the fluent and rapid nature of text stream by providing an event based approach that analyses directly the stream of information. In a first step we want to define the difference between real time search and traditional search to clarify the demands in modern text filtering. In a second s...

  19. Twitter earthquake detection: earthquake monitoring in a social world

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel C. Bowden

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS is investigating how the social networking site Twitter, a popular service for sending and receiving short, public text messages, can augment USGS earthquake response products and the delivery of hazard information. Rapid detection and qualitative assessment of shaking events are possible because people begin sending public Twitter messages (tweets with in tens of seconds after feeling shaking. Here we present and evaluate an earthquake detection procedure that relies solely on Twitter data. A tweet-frequency time series constructed from tweets containing the word “earthquake” clearly shows large peaks correlated with the origin times of widely felt events. To identify possible earthquakes, we use a short-term-average, long-term-average algorithm. When tuned to a moderate sensitivity, the detector finds 48 globally-distributed earthquakes with only two false triggers in five months of data. The number of detections is small compared to the 5,175 earthquakes in the USGS global earthquake catalog for the same five-month time period, and no accurate location or magnitude can be assigned based on tweet data alone. However, Twitter earthquake detections are not without merit. The detections are generally caused by widely felt events that are of more immediate interest than those with no human impact. The detections are also fast; about 75% occur within two minutes of the origin time. This is considerably faster than seismographic detections in poorly instrumented regions of the world. The tweets triggering the detections also provided very short first-impression narratives from people who experienced the shaking.

  20. La 'Spanish Revolution' en Twitter (2: Redes de hashtags (# y actores individuales y colectivos respecto a los desahucios en España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Estrella Gualda

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Al inicio del siglo XXI la Web 2.0, basada en el desarrollo de las redes sociales a través de Internet (Twitter, Facebook, WhatsApp o similares medios sociales, que actúan en tiempo real, introduce nuevas formas de convocar y difundir cualquier tipo de protesta o movilización colectiva, cambiando las estrategias para extender los movimientos sociales, el alcance potencial de la difusión, etc. En esta comunicación enfocamos nuestro estudio en Twitter, específicamente en el tema “desahucios”. Hemos hecho un seguimiento de los tweets publicados desde el 10 de abril de 2013 hasta el 28 de mayo de 2013 en relación a los “desahucios”. La extracción de datos produjo un conjunto de 499.420 tweets. En este trabajo analizamos el uso del hashtag ‘SpanishRevolution’, incluido en los datos extraídos sobre los desahucios en España y buscamos las conexiones existentes entre este y otros hashtags de los mismos tweets, para encontrar pautas en el conjunto de los microdiscursos que producen los hashtags. También nos interesa identificar quién está detrás de esta producción de tweets y hashtags. Nos hemos basado en una aproximación multimétodo combinando métodos y software (Atlas ti, SPSS, Gephi. Se encontraron microdiscursos que revelaron conexiones significativas entre hashtags y permiten comprender algunas pautas en la difusión de un movimiento. Se descubrió cómo pocos actores están impulsando la movilización en torno a este ‘#SpanishRevolution’.

  1. Exploring Multi-Scale Spatiotemporal Twitter User Mobility Patterns with a Visual-Analytics Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Junjun Yin

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Understanding human mobility patterns is of great importance for urban planning, traffic management, and even marketing campaign. However, the capability of capturing detailed human movements with fine-grained spatial and temporal granularity is still limited. In this study, we extracted high-resolution mobility data from a collection of over 1.3 billion geo-located Twitter messages. Regarding the concerns of infringement on individual privacy, such as the mobile phone call records with restricted access, the dataset is collected from publicly accessible Twitter data streams. In this paper, we employed a visual-analytics approach to studying multi-scale spatiotemporal Twitter user mobility patterns in the contiguous United States during the year 2014. Our approach included a scalable visual-analytics framework to deliver efficiency and scalability in filtering large volume of geo-located tweets, modeling and extracting Twitter user movements, generating space-time user trajectories, and summarizing multi-scale spatiotemporal user mobility patterns. We performed a set of statistical analysis to understand Twitter user mobility patterns across multi-level spatial scales and temporal ranges. In particular, Twitter user mobility patterns measured by the displacements and radius of gyrations of individuals revealed multi-scale or multi-modal Twitter user mobility patterns. By further studying such mobility patterns in different temporal ranges, we identified both consistency and seasonal fluctuations regarding the distance decay effects in the corresponding mobility patterns. At the same time, our approach provides a geo-visualization unit with an interactive 3D virtual globe web mapping interface for exploratory geo-visual analytics of the multi-level spatiotemporal Twitter user movements.

  2. Facebook Usage by Mayors in Central and Southeastern Europe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milica Vučković

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The ever increasing rise of social media network users consequently leaves a mark on political communication. While social media tools are already adopted in political marketing, primarily in election campaigning, governments are still new in using social media. The aim of this study is to examine how Facebook is used by city mayors in countries of Central and Southeastern Europe in two months period, from March 1st to April 30th of 2012. Using content analysis we first analyzed status massages in order to see what kind of status messages they post: personal or political. Secondly, we conducted an analysis of comments on the examined statuses, in order to examine if citizens make constructive, cynical, supportive or neutral comments. We examined ten city mayors’ Facebook pages in five countries, Bulgaria, Croatia, Hungary, Macedonia and Slovenia. The results have revealed that city mayors in Central and Southeastern Europe use Facebook almost exclusively for official purposes. Secondly, the analysis of citizens’ comments demonstrates that expressing cynicism on Facebook is not the trend in these countries. The findings further confirm that Facebook is a good platform for gathering supporters, while there were no strong evidence found that it serves as platform for constructive discussion. The paper finally discusses how politician’s status messages can engage a larger number of citizens.

  3. THE USE OF FACEBOOK FOR ONLINE DISCUSSIONS AMONG DISTANCE LEARNERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tina LIM

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available With the advent of Web 2.0 tools, educators are looking to these new technological tools to examine its potential in enhancing teaching and learning. While its runaway success as a social networking tool is now renowned, the use of Facebook for educational purposes may be considered still at its infancy stage. This paper describes the use of Facebook as a platform for academic discussions among distance learners. It offers a glimpse into how mobile learning via SMS together with Facebook was used to support and enhance the blended learning approach at Open University Malaysia for three courses: Learning Skills for Open and Distance Learners, Company Law and Renal Nursing. Data on user interactions collected were from the “Page Insights” tools available to Page administrators for the whole duration of a course semester. Facebook interactions examined include total number of fans, total interactions, interactions per post, post quality and unique page views. Findings indicate that Facebook does have the potential to draw distance learners to engage in meaningful academic conversations but the quantity and quality of posts very much depends on the timing as well as the topics of discussion.

  4. Effectiveness of Facebook as a free marketing tool

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arthelo P. Palma

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available When Facebook started to filter out unpaid promotional material in user news paid in 2014, marketers were hesitant as it could only mean additional expenses for paid advertising online. While Facebook is widely studied in its effectiveness, relevant empirical evidence on how it works as a free marketing tool after the new rules and policies were set has to be explored further. Besides, attempts to discuss customer behavior on Facebook were varied, but the personal context of preference in line with emotions and needs remain less explored. Thus, this study attempted to understand consumer behavior at the personal context towards posted threads on Facebook using articles with contents on emotions and needs. Using a negative binomial regression analysis, organic reach was found to improve the traffic of the blog. Employing a graphical trend presentation, the revenue of the blog was shown to have substantially improved. In addition, threads linked to human emotions were found to have substantial number of post engagement. Insights on the revenue study associated with Facebook free advertising were discussed.

  5. THE USAGE OF FACEBOOK FUNCTIONAL BUILDING BLOCKS IN UNISEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Latifah Abd Latib

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The emergence of Internet-based social media has made it possible for a personto communicate with thousands of other people to increase the communicationeffectiveness, collaboration among internal organization and knowledge sharing.By engaging employees through social media such as Facebook as a two-waycommunications tool, employers can reach a larger audience and build credibilitywith techno-savvy workers. Although it is clear that Facebook is a very powerfultool for communication, many employers are unable to identify the functionalityof Facebook in terms of developing strategies and to allocate the resourceseffectively. Taking this into account this study sought to identify the usage ofFacebook Functionality building blocks. This survey involved 55 academic staffsfrom the Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology, Unisel. Theseven functional building blocks identified were Identity (M=3.39, Relationships(M=3.39, Groups (M=3.6, Presence (M=3.28, Sharing (M=3.06, andConversations (M=2.90, Reputation (M=2.05. This study suggests that theability to identify the functional building blocks itself is very important in anorganization in terms of developing their communication strategies. It is hopedthat the results of the study will be applicable to the instituition, current users,and potential users of Facebook.

  6. Evaluations of Students on Facebook as an Educational Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmet Naci Çoklar

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Taking cognizance of the transformation experienced in education technologies, the concept that comes into prominence in integration of ICTs to education process at present is web 2.0. The main philosophy of web 2.0 technologies is its contribution to content formation of users and high-level interaction between users. One of web 2.0 technologies used widely is social networking sites. In this study, educational use of Facebook, which is a social networking site, was assessed in terms of student views. To that end, 27 students were inserted to an interaction in Facebook environment as a part of a formal lesson for 2 months. The students appraised Facebook positively in aspects of dissemination of information, arousing interest, motivation, presenting interaction opportunity, whereas negatively in terms of being nested with entertainment, problem of control mechanism, excessive informational convergence. The students made suggestions about Facebook in terms of educational usage, providing teacher supervisions, introducing education in Facebook environment and including student performance in this environment into academic assessment process.

  7. E-Education with Facebook - A Social Network Service

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Derawi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we study the social networking websi te, Facebook, for conducting courses as a replacement of high-cost classical electronic learn ing platforms. At the early stage of the Internet community, users of the Interned used emai l as the main communication mean. Although email is still the essential approach of c ommunication in a suitable but offline mode, other services were introduced, such as many Instan t Messaging (IM software applications like ICQ, Skype, Viber, WhatsApp and MSN, which enable p eople to connect in a real-time mode. However, the communication between people was furth er improved to the next phase, when Facebook came to reality as a social networking hom epage that wires many features. People do not only link with others, but also establish all k inds of connections between them. Facebook offers rich functions for forming associations. The framework of Facebook actually delivers without charge software that were provided by tradi tional electronic learning. This paper looks at how people apply Facebook for teaching and learn ing, together with recommendations provided

  8. Twittering About Research: A Case Study of the World’s First Twitter Poster Competition [version 1; referees: 2 approved

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edward P. Randviir

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The Royal Society of Chemistry held, to our knowledge, the world’s first Twitter conference at 9am on February 5th, 2015. This paper reports the details of the event and discusses the outcomes, such as the potential for the use of social media to enhance scientific communication at conferences. In particular, the present work argues that social media outlets such as Twitter broaden audiences, speed up communication, and force clearer and more concise descriptions of a researcher’s work. The benefits of poster presentations are also discussed in terms of potential knowledge exchange and networking. This paper serves as a proof-of-concept approach for improving both the public opinion of the poster, and the enhancement of the poster through an innovative online format that some may feel more comfortable with, compared to face-to-face communication.

  9. Student Perception towards Personal Branding of Political Leaders on Twitter Ahead of Presidential Election 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bita Asrining Wulan

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Recent technology developments bring improvement for communication studies. Computer mediated communication (CMC theory ispotential to rapid messages send using computer with internet connection. Twitter is one of well-known social media, which is used by large number of societies, including our president candidates, e.g. Prabowo Subianto and Aburizal Bakrie. Majority twitter users are teenagers, because teenagers are active society and they use twitter to let themselves know about their upcoming president. Active society had explained in uses and gratification theory. This study aims to identify college student’s perception about politician’s personal branding on twitter lately before the election on 2014. This research is a descriptive research which used qualitative approach, and equipped with content analysis. This research usednon probability sampling to select the main informants, and also snowball sampling method. Results show that college student’s perceptionstowards Prabowo Subianto’s twitter were better than their perceptions to Aburizal Bakrie’s although Aburizal twitter’s management is much betterand friendly. Active and positive responses from college students didn’t influenced by politician’s personal branding. There are eight concepts in personal branding, known as the eight of law of personal branding. From the eight concepts, Prabowo Subianto known as a well behavior person with high nationalism while Aburizal Bakrie had very well law of visibility in twitter’s management.Key words : Perception of college students as twitter user, Politician’s Personal Branding

  10. Diffusion of Messages from an Electronic Cigarette Brand to Potential Users through Twitter.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kar-Hai Chu

    Full Text Available This study explores the presence and actions of an electronic cigarette (e-cigarette brand, Blu, on Twitter to observe how marketing messages are sent and diffused through the retweet (i.e., message forwarding functionality. Retweet networks enable messages to reach additional Twitter users beyond the sender's local network. We follow messages from their origin through multiple retweets to identify which messages have more reach, and the different users who are exposed.We collected three months of publicly available data from Twitter. A combination of techniques in social network analysis and content analysis were applied to determine the various networks of users who are exposed to e-cigarette messages and how the retweet network can affect which messages spread.The Blu retweet network expanded during the study period. Analysis of user profiles combined with network cluster analysis showed that messages of certain topics were only circulated within a community of e-cigarette supporters, while other topics spread further, reaching more general Twitter users who may not support or use e-cigarettes.Retweet networks can serve as proxy filters for marketing messages, as Twitter users decide which messages they will continue to diffuse among their followers. As certain e-cigarette messages extend beyond their point of origin, the audience being exposed expands beyond the e-cigarette community. Potential implications for health education campaigns include utilizing Twitter and targeting important gatekeepers or hubs that would maximize message diffusion.

  11. Twitter, Millennials, and Nursing Education Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephens, Teresa M; Gunther, Mary E

    2016-01-01

    This article reports the use of Twitter as an intervention delivery method in a multisite experimental nursing research study. A form of social networking, Twitter is considered a useful means of communication, particularly with millennials. This method was chosen based on current literature exploring the characteristics of millennial students. Ahern's Model of Adolescent Resilience served as the theoretical framework. Participants were 70 junior-level baccalaureate nursing students, ages 19-23, at two state-supported universities. Twitter was found to be a convenient, cost-effective, and enjoyable means of intervention delivery for the researcher. Participants in the experimental and control groups expressed positive feelings about the use of Twitter. The findings contribute to future efforts to use social media in nursing research and education to increase faculty-student engagement, promote critical reflection, provide social support, reinforce course content, and increase the sense of community.

  12. Sentiment Knowledge Discovery in Twitter Streaming Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bifet, Albert; Frank, Eibe

    Micro-blogs are a challenging new source of information for data mining techniques. Twitter is a micro-blogging service built to discover what is happening at any moment in time, anywhere in the world. Twitter messages are short, and generated constantly, and well suited for knowledge discovery using data stream mining. We briefly discuss the challenges that Twitter data streams pose, focusing on classification problems, and then consider these streams for opinion mining and sentiment analysis. To deal with streaming unbalanced classes, we propose a sliding window Kappa statistic for evaluation in time-changing data streams. Using this statistic we perform a study on Twitter data using learning algorithms for data streams.

  13. Privacy-preserving discovery of topic-based events from social sensor signals: an experimental study on Twitter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Duc T; Jung, Jai E

    2014-01-01

    Social network services (e.g., Twitter and Facebook) can be regarded as social sensors which can capture a number of events in the society. Particularly, in terms of time and space, various smart devices have improved the accessibility to the social network services. In this paper, we present a social software platform to detect a number of meaningful events from information diffusion patterns on such social network services. The most important feature is to process the social sensor signal for understanding social events and to support users to share relevant information along the social links. The platform has been applied to fetch and cluster tweets from Twitter into relevant categories to reveal hot topics.

  14. Interrelationship between Attachment Styles and Facebook Addiction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eroglu, Yuksel

    2016-01-01

    Social networking sites have started to become one of the most frequently used online communication types in the world. It is reported that one of the commonly used social networking sites is Facebook. Since Facebook use is new yet, it can be stated that researches on the Facebook addiction are at the beginning level. For this reason, determining…

  15. USE OF FACEBOOK FOR LEARNING AND ASSESSMENT IN GEOGRAPHY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARIA ELIZA DULAMĂ

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In this research was analysed 120 twelfth grade students’ behaviour, of “Iulian Pop” Economic High School in Cluj-Napoca, Romania, regarding the use of the Facebook social network for learning and assessment in Geography. Students were organised in five discussion groups on the social network Facebook. To achieve the research objectives, we analysed students' answers at a questionnaire and the contents of the dialogue between teacher and students and also between students. Students perceived positively the learning and assessment activities and they perceived their teacher as their equal. At the cognitive level, the activity was focused on clarifying certain aspects, revision, knowledge learning and assessment. The disadvantages of the learning activity in the Facebook discussion group were that the posted materials cannot be classified and can be found with difficulty.

  16. Enhancing students’ vocabulary knowledge using the Facebook environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Kamarul Kabilan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates the effectiveness of using Facebook in enhancing vocabulary knowledge among Community College students. Thirty-three (33 Community College students are exposed to the use of Facebook as an environment of learning and enhancing their English vocabulary. They are given a pre-test and a post-test and the findings indicate that students perform significantly better in the post-test compared to the pre-test. It appears that Facebook could be considered as a supplementary learning environment or learning platform or a learning tool; with meaningful and engaging activities that require students to collaborate, network and functions as a community of practice, particularly for introverted students with low proficiency levels and have low self-esteem.

  17. Consumer’s Participation on Brand Pages on Facebook

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bianca MITU

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available  The focus of this study is to analyze consumer’s participation and communication in the online brand communities on Facebook. This type of brand community represents a subgroup of virtual communities, which is known as communities of consumption or fan clubs (Kozinets 1999, Szmigin et al. 2005. Understanding consumer relationships in such communities is important for the success of both the brand and the community. The aim of our study is to investigate how and in what sense consumers participate and communicate with one another via online brand communities, so as to explore the nature of the consumer’s participation on brand pages on Facebook. Also, we aim to investigate the importance of the Facebook fan page as a tool for a company’s business strategy. n order to investigate all these different aspects, a quantitative audience research was conducted, using a structured questionnaire.

  18. An analysis of user engagement in student Facebook groups

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    Murray Lane

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Analysing the engagement of students in university-based Facebook groups can shed light on the nature of their learning experience and highlight leverage points to build on student success. While post-semester surveys and demographic participation data can highlight who was involved and how they subsequently felt about the experience, these techniques do not necessarily reflect real-time engagement. One way to gain insight into in-situ student experiences is by categorising the original posts and comments into predetermined frameworks of learning. This paper offers a systematic method of coding Facebook contributions within various engagement categories: motivation, discourse, cognition and emotive responses. 

  19. Politikere på facebook

    OpenAIRE

    Frederik, Kaptain; Frederik, Ferdinand; Ottilie Christine Matzke, Olesen; Mikkel Boy, Sørensen

    2015-01-01

    This project seeks to examine how four chosen politicians, via Facebook, frame their discourses regarding the refugee situation, and how the underlying reasons behind this can be explained. These four politicians are Johanne Schmidt-Nielsen, Dan Jørgensen, Inger Støjberg and Martin Henriksen. The common trait between the four is the fact that they are all integration- and foreign spokespersons. Save for Inger Støjberg, who instead is the minister. In order to study their Facebook status updat...

  20. Movember: Twitter Conversations of a Hairy Social Movement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jenna Jacobson

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Movember is an annual “month-long celebration of the moustache” where men grow a mustache and raise money in the largest philanthropic endeavor for men’s health. Movember is predominantly an online campaign, and consequently, participants have actively embraced social media; this is evidenced in the 1,879,994 tweets collected during Movember 2012 in this research project. This article presents an analysis of Movember that examines how individuals use the numerous syntactical features of Twitter to engage in conversation and share information in order to develop a nuanced understanding of how people are utilizing social media as part of the social movement. While Movember has been successful in gaining traction on social media, the Twitter data point to surprising conclusions that have implications for understanding non-profits and social movements online. The following study provides two main contributions to existing sociotechnical social movement literature using a mixed-methods approach. First, the findings suggest that there is limited true conversation taking place although the stated purpose of the campaign is to facilitate conversation. Second, the findings identify that participants are more engaged with Movember as a branded movement than engaged in health promotion. While the tweets are conversational in form, they are largely not conversational in function, which points to Twitter being used as a broadcast tool in this context. These findings have broad implications for understanding how social media is used to engage individuals in social campaigns and engage with each other and share information.

  1. Qotd, por @umairh: a inteligência coletiva no Twitter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Lemos

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa o uso inovador do site de microblogging Twitter, como um espaço de dinâmicas sociais de inteligência coletiva e de articulação de design colaborativo internacional de idéias em tempo real. Tendo a etnografia digital como base metodológica, foi efetuada a observação do processo de evolução de comunidades internacionais móveis a partir do entrelaçamento social permitido pelas funcionalidades e aplicativos do Twitter. A dinâmica qotd de inteligência coletiva, elaborada por Umair Haque, serve de referência principal à análise das implicações práticas e teóricas das redes de interação multimodal dentro do Twitter, apontando para as mutações contemporâneas das estratégias de sociabilidade, na direção de uma transcultura de dimensões globais, articulada através das redes sociais.

  2. Twitter earthquake detection: Earthquake monitoring in a social world

    Science.gov (United States)

    Earle, Paul S.; Bowden, Daniel C.; Guy, Michelle R.

    2011-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is investigating how the social networking site Twitter, a popular service for sending and receiving short, public text messages, can augment USGS earthquake response products and the delivery of hazard information. Rapid detection and qualitative assessment of shaking events are possible because people begin sending public Twitter messages (tweets) with in tens of seconds after feeling shaking. Here we present and evaluate an earthquake detection procedure that relies solely on Twitter data. A tweet-frequency time series constructed from tweets containing the word "earthquake" clearly shows large peaks correlated with the origin times of widely felt events. To identify possible earthquakes, we use a short-term-average, long-term-average algorithm. When tuned to a moderate sensitivity, the detector finds 48 globally-distributed earthquakes with only two false triggers in five months of data. The number of detections is small compared to the 5,175 earthquakes in the USGS global earthquake catalog for the same five-month time period, and no accurate location or magnitude can be assigned based on tweet data alone. However, Twitter earthquake detections are not without merit. The detections are generally caused by widely felt events that are of more immediate interest than those with no human impact. The detections are also fast; about 75% occur within two minutes of the origin time. This is considerably faster than seismographic detections in poorly instrumented regions of the world. The tweets triggering the detections also provided very short first-impression narratives from people who experienced the shaking.

  3. Negative factors of beliefs toward advertising on Facebook and their effect on attitudes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hilda Bongazana Dondolo

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Previous research has studied the effects of materialism, value corruption and falsity, which were identified by Pollay and Mittal (1993 as negatively impacting the beliefs about advertising. Few, if any, assessed negative beliefs about Facebook advertising. This paper assesses such beliefs and how these beliefs influence attitudes toward advertising on Facebook. To meet the objectives of the study, 269 undergraduate students completed the questionnaire. Regression analysis was used to examine a relationship between the beliefs about Facebook advertising and attitudes. In line with hypotheses developed for this study, results showed that respondents of this study view Facebook advertising as promoting materialism, corrupting society’s values and misleading and thus negatively impacting their attitudes toward Facebook advertising. This paper concludes with the discussion of results and offers the limitation of the study. The study also provides directions for future research.

  4. THE ARTISTIC FUNCTION OF THE REAL-TIME LANGUAGE OF THE FACEBOOK REALITY DRAMA

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    K.I. Ehiemua

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper undertakes a linguistic description of the spontaneous and on demand conversational language of the Facebook internet phenomenon in order to explicate its pedagogical and aesthetic values from the premise that art is both instructive and entertaining. The spontaneous and ‘on-demand’ conversational language of the Facebook is what this paper refers to as ‘real-time’ language. This has become a major part of the inherently essential style of the Facebook and which qualifies it as a narrative similar to reality drama, if not exactly so. This study uses the personal Facebook chats of four Nigerians to affirm that the popularity of the Facebook internet phenomenon in Nigeria is partly, but significantly, due to the artistic function of its conversational language and its dramatic potentials apart from the democratization, portability, accessibility and the interactiveness of the new media.

  5. Examining the antecedents of Facebook acceptance via structural equation modeling: A case of CEGEP students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tenzin Doleck

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Although the last decade has witnessed social networking sites of varied flavors, Facebook’s user growth continues to balloon, and relatedly, Facebook remains popular among the college populace. While there has been a growing body of work on ascertaining antecedents of Facebook use among college students, Collège d'enseignement général et professionnel (CEGEP students’ acceptance of Facebook remains underexplored. The purpose of this study was to analyze CEGEP students’ acceptance of Facebook using the technology acceptance model (TAM. Structural equation modeling was conducted on data from a survey of 214 CEGEP students. We find that Facebook use is motivated by the core TAM constructs as well as the added factors of peer influence, perceived enjoyment, perceived self-efficacy, relative advantage, risk, and trust.

  6. Spanish youth and teenagers migrating through social networks. From Tuenti to Facebook and from Facebook to Instagram. The second migration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georgina Victoria Marcelino Mercedes

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The Digital Natives naturally coexist with new technologies and the social phenomena it brings. Digital natives are a virtual demanding community, they look for social networks that may contains tools and digital contents according to their personalities, interest and passions, youth and teenagers could leave a social network if the network does not have the features that they need. A interesting case of movement between social networks have happened in Spain; for some years young people actively involved in a national social network for teenagers named Tuenti, later, with the arrived of Facebook to Spain, they left Tuenti and moved to Facebook. We have evaluated this situation for extract information about what caused it, because we think something similar is happening at this time: it seems that Spanish young people are abandoning Facebook and moving to Instagram.

  7. Recruiting for health, medical or psychosocial research using Facebook: Systematic review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Louise Thornton

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Recruiting participants is a challenge for many health, medical and psychosocial research projects. One tool more frequently being used to improve recruitment is the social networking website Facebook. A systematic review was conducted to identify studies that have used Facebook to recruit participants of all ages, to any psychosocial, health or medical research. 110 unique studies that used Facebook as a recruitment source were included in the review. The majority of studies used a cross-sectional design (80% and addressed a physical health or disease issue (57%. Half (49% of the included studies reported specific details of the Facebook recruitment process. Researchers paid between $1.36 and $110 per completing participants (Mean = $17.48, SD = $23.06. Among studies that examined the representativeness of their sample, the majority concluded (86% their Facebook-recruited samples were similarly representative of samples recruited via traditional methods. These results indicate that Facebook is an effective and cost-efficient recruitment method. Researchers should consider their target group, advertisement wording, offering incentives and no-cost methods of recruitment when considering Facebook as a recruitment source. It is hoped this review will assist researchers to make decisions regarding the use of Facebook as a recruitment tool in future research.

  8. The Impact of Facebook Use on Micro-Level Social Capital: A Synthesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marjolijn L. Antheunis

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The relationship between Facebook use and micro-level social capital has received substantial scholarly attention over the past decade. This attention has resulted in a large body of empirical work that gives insight into the nature of Facebook as a social networking site and how it influences the social benefits that people gather from having social relationships. Although the extant research provides a solid basis for future research into this area, a number of issues remain underexplored. The aim of the current article is twofold. First, it seeks to synthesize what is already known about the relationship between Facebook use and micro-level social capital. Second, it seeks to advance future research by identifying and analyzing relevant theoretical, analytical and methodological issues. To address the first research aim, we first present an overview and analysis of current research findings on Facebook use and social capital, in which we focus on what we know about (1 the relationship between Facebook use in general and the different subtypes of social capital; (2 the relationships between different types of Facebook interactions and social capital; and (3 the impact of self-esteem on the relationship between Facebook use and social capital. Based on this analysis, we subsequently identify three theoretical issues, two analytical issues and four methodological issues in the extant body of research, and discuss the implications of these issues for Facebook and social capital researchers.

  9. Perceptions of undergraduate Graphic Design students on the educational potential of Facebook

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicos Souleles

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The popularity of Facebook among university students inevitably raises questions on the educational potential of this Social Networking Site for Higher Education. From the limited literature on the instructional uses of Facebook, one can draw conflicting conclusions. Benefits were identified through the communicative potential, student participation in study groups and through informal learning, i.e. learning that takes place outside the formal structures of the learning environment. In contrast, it is also argued that the instructional benefits of Facebook are not straightforward. This phenomenographic investigation examines the perceptions of undergraduate Graphic Design students in a higher education institution in Cyprus, on the use of Facebook for teaching and learning. Characteristic of Art and Design education is the centrality of the studio and student self-reflection. Despite some literature that considers Facebook provides a viable alternative to the physical studio, the participants in this investigation expressed a preference for face-to-face instruction and consider Facebook as complimenting rather than replacing studio practices. Some participants benefited from the use of Facebook by joining support groups and exploring information relevant to their studies. Further research can investigate how Facebook can be embedded in studio-based teaching and learning.

  10. Internet Advertising. Google AdWords versus Facebook Ads

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul PAŞCU

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This article describes how to use the applications for Internet advertising, Google AdWords and Facebook Ads. Our attempt is to present the advantages and disadvantages of each of them, the costs and benefits, a useful aspect for companies that plan to start advertising campaigns on the Internet.

  11. Students’ educational use of Facebook groups

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dalsgaard, Christian

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the article is to explore educational use of student-managed Facebook groups in upper secondary education (in Denmark). Much research on educational potentials of Facebook has studied groups managed by teachers. However, there is a lack of in-depth research on Facebook groups managed......,018 replies within five Facebook groups, and partly on a questionnaire answered by 1463 students and 148 teachers. The results of the study show that whereas LMSs were seen by students primarily as institutional systems of the teacher, Facebook groups have an educational potential to be used by students...

  12. An international perspective on Facebook intrusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Błachnio, Agata; Przepiorka, Aneta; Benvenuti, Martina; Cannata, Davide; Ciobanu, Adela Magdalena; Senol-Durak, Emre; Durak, Mithat; Giannakos, Michail N; Mazzoni, Elvis; Pappas, Ilias O; Popa, Camelia; Seidman, Gwendolyn; Yu, Shu; Wu, Anise M S; Ben-Ezra, Menachem

    2016-08-30

    Facebook has become one of the most popular social networking websites in the world. The main aim of the study was to present an international comparison of Facebook intrusion and Internet penetration while examining possible gender differences. The study consisted of 2589 participants from eight countries: China, Greece, Israel, Italy, Poland, Romania, Turkey, USA. Facebook intrusion and Internet penetration were taken into consideration. In this study the relationship between Facebook intrusion and Internet penetration was demonstrated. Facebook intrusion was slightly negatively related to Internet penetration in each country.

  13. RAPID INDUCTION OF MULTIPLE TAXONOMIES FOR ENHANCED FACETED TEXT BROWSING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lawrence Muchemi 1

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we present and compare two methodologies for rapidly inducing multiple subject-specific taxonomies from crawled data. The first method involves a sentence-level words co-occurrence frequency method for building the taxonomy, while the second involves the bootstrapping of a Word2Vec based algorithm with a directed crawler. We exploit the multilingual open-content directory of the World Wide Web, DMOZ1 to seed the crawl, and the domain name to direct the crawl. This domain corpus is then input to our algorithm that can automatically induce taxonomies. The induced taxonomies provide hierarchical semantic dimensions for the purposes of faceted browsing. As part of an ongoing personal semantics project, we applied the resulting taxonomies to personal social media data Twitter, Gmail, Facebook, Instagram, Flickr with an objective of enhancing an individual’s exploration of their personal information through faceted searching. We also perform a comprehensive corpus based evaluation of the algorithms based on many datasets drawn from the fields of medicine (diseases and leisure (hobbies and show that the induced taxonomies are of high quality.

  14. Twittering About Research: A Case Study of the World’s First Twitter Poster Competition [version 2; referees: 3 approved

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edward P. Randviir

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The Royal Society of Chemistry held, to our knowledge, the world’s first Twitter conference at 9am on February 5 th, 2015. The conference was a Twitter-only conference, allowing researchers to upload academic posters as tweets, replacing a physical meeting. This paper reports the details of the event and discusses the outcomes, such as the potential for the use of social media to enhance scientific communication at conferences. In particular, the present work argues that social media outlets such as Twitter broaden audiences, speed up communication, and force clearer and more concise descriptions of a researcher’s work. The benefits of poster presentations are also discussed in terms of potential knowledge exchange and networking. This paper serves as a proof-of-concept approach for improving both the public opinion of the poster, and the enhancement of the poster through an innovative online format that some may feel more comfortable with, compared to face-to-face communication.

  15. Twittering About Research: A Case Study of the World’s First Twitter Poster Competition [version 3; referees: 3 approved

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edward P. Randviir

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The Royal Society of Chemistry held, to our knowledge, the world’s first Twitter conference at 9am on February 5 th, 2015. The conference was a Twitter-only conference, allowing researchers to upload academic posters as tweets, replacing a physical meeting. This paper reports the details of the event and discusses the outcomes, such as the potential for the use of social media to enhance scientific communication at conferences. In particular, the present work argues that social media outlets such as Twitter broaden audiences, speed up communication, and force clearer and more concise descriptions of a researcher’s work. The benefits of poster presentations are also discussed in terms of potential knowledge exchange and networking. This paper serves as a proof-of-concept approach for improving both the public opinion of the poster, and the enhancement of the poster through an innovative online format that some may feel more comfortable with, compared to face-to-face communication.

  16. Studying Facebook and Instagram data

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bechmann, Anja; Vahlstrup, Peter Bjerregaard

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this article is to discuss methodological implications and challenges in different kinds of deep and big data studies of Facebook and Instagram through methods involving the use of Application Programming Interface (API) data. This article describes and discusses Digital Footprints (www...

  17. Studying Facebook and Instagram data

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bechmann, Anja; Vahlstrup, Peter Bjerregaard

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this article is to discuss methodological implications and challenges in different kinds of deep and big data studies of Facebook and Instagram through methods involving the use of Application Programming Interface (API) data. This article describes and discusses Digital Footprints (www...

  18. Framework for Connections on Facebook

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sudzina, Frantisek

    There is a substantial amount of current information systems and marketing research focused on social networking sites, most frequently on Facebook. Often, these studies utilize available metadata on user on-line behavior, such as what links the users clicked on. In order to better understand...

  19. Open networks and secret Facebook groups: exploring cycle effects on activists’ social media use in the 2010/11 UK student protests

    OpenAIRE

    Hensby, Alexander

    2016-01-01

    Much has been written in recent years about the growing impact of social media on social movements. While authors have extolled the virtues of Facebook and Twitter as organisational and informational tools for a range of movements from the Arab Spring to Occupy, evidence remains patchy as to under what conditions social media is most effective at engaging and mobilising the wider public. Drawing on the work of Tarrow, this article considers the impact of cycle effects on the effectiveness of ...

  20. Student Facebook groups as a third space

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aaen, Janus Holst; Dalsgaard, Christian

    2016-01-01

    The paper examines educational potentials of Facebook groups that are created and managed by students without any involvement from teachers. The objective is to study student-managed Facebook groups as a ‘third space' between the institutional space of teacher-managed Facebook groups and the non......-institutional, personal space of the Facebook network. The main study of the article examines six student-managed Facebook groups and provides an analysis of a total of 2247 posts and 12,217 comments. Furthermore, the study draws on group interviews with students from 17 Danish upper secondary schools and a survey...... answered by 932 students from 25 schools. Based on the survey and interviews, the paper concludes that Facebook is an important educational tool for students in Danish upper secondary schools to receive help on homework and assignments. Furthermore, on the basis of the analysis of Facebook groups...

  1. The uses and abuses of Facebook: A review of Facebook addiction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan, Tracii; Chester, Andrea; Reece, John; Xenos, Sophia

    2014-09-01

    Recent research suggests that use of social networking sites can be addictive for some individuals. Due to the link between motivations for media use and the development of addiction, this systematic review examines Facebook-related uses and gratifications research and Facebook addiction research. Searches of three large academic databases revealed 24 studies examining the uses and gratifications of Facebook, and nine studies of Facebook addiction. Comparison of uses and gratifications research reveals that the most popular mo- tives for Facebook use are relationship maintenance, passing time, entertainment, and companionship. These motivations may be related to Facebook addiction through use that is habitual, excessive, or motivated by a desire for mood alteration. Examination of Facebook addiction research indicates that Facebook use can become habitual or excessive, and some addicts use the site to escape from negative moods. However, examination of Facebook addic- tion measures highlights inconsistency in the field. There is some evidence to support the argument that uses and gratifications of Facebook are linked with Facebook addiction. Furthermore, it appears as if the social skill model of addiction may explain Facebook addiction, but inconsistency in the measurement of this condition limits the ability to provide conclusive arguments. This paper recommends that further research be performed to establish the links between uses and gratifications and Facebook addiction. Furthermore, in order to enhance the construct validity of Facebook addiction, researchers should take a more systematic approach to assessment.

  2. Please Like Me: Facebook and Public Health Communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kite, James; Foley, Bridget C; Grunseit, Anne C; Freeman, Becky

    2016-01-01

    Facebook, the most widely used social media platform, has been adopted by public health organisations for health promotion and behaviour change campaigns and activities. However, limited information is available on the most effective and efficient use of Facebook for this purpose. This study sought to identify the features of Facebook posts that are associated with higher user engagement on Australian public health organisations' Facebook pages. We selected 20 eligible pages through a systematic search and coded 360-days of posts for each page. Posts were coded by: post type (e.g., photo, text only etc.), communication technique employed (e.g. testimonial, informative etc.) and use of marketing elements (e.g., branding, use of mascots). A series of negative binomial regressions were used to assess associations between post characteristics and user engagement as measured by the number of likes, shares and comments. Our results showed that video posts attracted the greatest amount of user engagement, although an analysis of a subset of the data suggested this may be a reflection of the Facebook algorithm, which governs what is and is not shown in user newsfeeds and appear to preference videos over other post types. Posts that featured a positive emotional appeal or provided factual information attracted higher levels of user engagement, while conventional marketing elements, such as sponsorships and the use of persons of authority, generally discouraged user engagement, with the exception of posts that included a celebrity or sportsperson. Our results give insight into post content that maximises user engagement and begins to fill the knowledge gap on effective use of Facebook by public health organisations.

  3. Please Like Me: Facebook and Public Health Communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kite, James; Foley, Bridget C.; Grunseit, Anne C.; Freeman, Becky

    2016-01-01

    Facebook, the most widely used social media platform, has been adopted by public health organisations for health promotion and behaviour change campaigns and activities. However, limited information is available on the most effective and efficient use of Facebook for this purpose. This study sought to identify the features of Facebook posts that are associated with higher user engagement on Australian public health organisations’ Facebook pages. We selected 20 eligible pages through a systematic search and coded 360-days of posts for each page. Posts were coded by: post type (e.g., photo, text only etc.), communication technique employed (e.g. testimonial, informative etc.) and use of marketing elements (e.g., branding, use of mascots). A series of negative binomial regressions were used to assess associations between post characteristics and user engagement as measured by the number of likes, shares and comments. Our results showed that video posts attracted the greatest amount of user engagement, although an analysis of a subset of the data suggested this may be a reflection of the Facebook algorithm, which governs what is and is not shown in user newsfeeds and appear to preference videos over other post types. Posts that featured a positive emotional appeal or provided factual information attracted higher levels of user engagement, while conventional marketing elements, such as sponsorships and the use of persons of authority, generally discouraged user engagement, with the exception of posts that included a celebrity or sportsperson. Our results give insight into post content that maximises user engagement and begins to fill the knowledge gap on effective use of Facebook by public health organisations. PMID:27632172

  4. Effects of Knowledge Sharing and Social Presence on the Intention to Continuously Use Social Networking Sites: The Case of Twitter in Korea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Bong-Won; Lee, Kun Chang

    Recent surge of social networking websites in the world supports a widely accepted assumption that people aspires to be recognized online by sharing information with others, perceive enjoyment and keeps to use their social networking site continuously. Different from traditional social networking sites (SNSs) like Cyworld and Facebook, Twitter is famous for its short message and ease of sharing knowledge with others in a prompt manner. Therefore, Twitter is preferred most by many people who seem innovative generically. In this sense, Twitter accumulates its fame as the most influential SNS media among users. However, there is no study to investigate why people holds continuous intention to use the Twitter from the perspective of knowledge-sharing and social presence. To resolve this research issue, this paper adopts six constructs such as personal innovativeness, knowledge-sharing intention, perceived ease of use, perceived enjoyment, social presence, and intention to continuously use. Empirical results with 105 valid questionnaires revealed that the proposed research model is statistically significant, and people's intention to use the Twitter continuously is influenced by social presence, perceived enjoyment, and perceived ease of use.

  5. Revista Latina de Comunicación Social, en la red social Facebook

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco-Javier Herrero-Gutiérrez

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available os nuevos espacios de ‘di��logo’ e interacción directa y bidireccional, promovidos por la incorporación de las herramientas de la Web 2.0, han impulsado y transformado los patrones tradicionales de la difusión científica así como el estudio de los modelos comunicacionales a la hora de vehicular este tipo de relaciones con la necesidad de identificar las características esenciales de sus usuarios. En este sentido, el presente trabajo aborda el objetivo de analizar la divulgación y vinculación académica que la Revista Latina de Comunicación Social (RLCS ha generado desde su incorporación a principios de 2010 a las redes sociales de Facebook (como factor vital de este análisis y Twitter. La metodología se asiste de técnicas mixtas que registran estadísticamente los datos obtenidos a través del programa Motigo Webstats así como del análisis generado a partir de la información proporcionada por sus usuarios. Entre los resultados se distingue un avance significativo por parte de RLCS en materia de difusión al compartir, mediante las redes sociales, las actualizaciones que realiza periódicamente, otorgándole un valor agregado a esta publicación electrónica al fortalecer su visibilidad a través del uso de las redes sociales.

  6. Diabetes topics associated with engagement on Twitter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Jenine K; Mart, Adelina; Moreland-Russell, Sarah; Caburnay, Charlene A

    2015-05-07

    Social media are widely used by the general public and by public health and health care professionals. Emerging evidence suggests engagement with public health information on social media may influence health behavior. However, the volume of data accumulating daily on Twitter and other social media is a challenge for researchers with limited resources to further examine how social media influence health. To address this challenge, we used crowdsourcing to facilitate the examination of topics associated with engagement with diabetes information on Twitter. We took a random sample of 100 tweets that included the hashtag "#diabetes" from each day during a constructed week in May and June 2014. Crowdsourcing through Amazon's Mechanical Turk platform was used to classify tweets into 9 topic categories and their senders into 3 Twitter user categories. Descriptive statistics and Tweedie regression were used to identify tweet and Twitter user characteristics associated with 2 measures of engagement, "favoriting" and "retweeting." Classification was reliable for tweet topics and Twitter user type. The most common tweet topics were medical and nonmedical resources for diabetes. Tweets that included information about diabetes-related health problems were positively and significantly associated with engagement. Tweets about diabetes prevalence, nonmedical resources for diabetes, and jokes or sarcasm about diabetes were significantly negatively associated with engagement. Crowdsourcing is a reliable, quick, and economical option for classifying tweets. Public health practitioners aiming to engage constituents around diabetes may want to focus on topics positively associated with engagement.

  7. Rethinking the Perceived Self: Samples from Facebook

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kasabova Anita

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available How the self perceives reality is a traditional topic of research across several disciplines. I examine the perceived self on Facebook, as a case-study of self-knowledge on „classical” social media. Following Blascovich & Bailenson (2011, I consider the distinction between the real and the virtual as relative. Perceptual self-knowledge, filtered through social media, requires rethinking the perceived self in terms of social reality (Neisser, 1993. This claim dovetails Jenkins’s (2013 notion of the self as an active participant in consumption. I argue that the perceived self in social media could be conceived in terms of how it would like to be perceived and appraised by its virtual audience. Using Neisser’s (1993 typology of self-knowledge and Castañeda’s (1983 theory of I-guises, I analyse seven samples from Anglo-American and Bulgarian Facebook sites and show that the perceived self produces itself online as a captivating presence with a credible story. My samples are taken from FB community pages with negligible cultural differences across an online teenage/twens (twixter age group. I then discuss some problematic aspects of the perceived self online, as well as recent critiques of technoconsumerism.

  8. Lusophone Interfaces: The Lusophone Network on Facebook

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inês Amaral

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the new digital landscape postulated in the network society theory advocated by Castells (2000, as well as a contextual framework. Assuming the virtual exists and produces effects (Lévy, 2001, we consider that we are witnessing a change of paradigm in social communication. If from a Communication point of view we are facing individualisation, the social paradigm shift is evident. The new perspective inculcated by digital tools is the socialisation and the maximisation of the collective. In this article, we assume that the relational ties in asymmetric social networks (which do not involve reciprocity between nodes that take place in social media platforms is content. In this sense, and taking a multidisciplinary perspective, we consider that the technique of appropriation shows a mapping of structures that are technically mediated interactions and enhanced by technology. We present an empirical study based on the method of triangulation, crossing document analysis with netnography. Analysing groups and Facebook pages as supports, where communication is recontextualised through disaggregated distribution and different types of interaction, we aim to categorise and understand the social representations of the Lusophone. The main objective of this paper is to examine whether Facebook, as an area of digitally mediated interactions and disaggregate content sharing, can induce a reconstruction of the significance of social networks and representations of the Lusophone, promoting the creation of a single social group, or at least a grouping with some homogeneity.

  9. #WhyWeTweetMH: Understanding Why People Use Twitter to Discuss Mental Health Problems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berry, Natalie; Lobban, Fiona; Belousov, Maksim; Emsley, Richard; Nenadic, Goran; Bucci, Sandra

    2017-04-05

    Use of the social media website Twitter is highly prevalent and has led to a plethora of Web-based social and health-related data available for use by researchers. As such, researchers are increasingly using data from social media to retrieve and analyze mental health-related content. However, there is limited evidence regarding why people use this emerging platform to discuss mental health problems in the first place. The aim of this study was to explore the reasons why individuals discuss mental health on the social media website Twitter. The study was the first of its kind to implement a study-specific hashtag for research; therefore, we also examined how feasible it was to circulate and analyze a study-specific hashtag for mental health research. Text mining methods using the Twitter Streaming Application Programming Interface (API) and Twitter Search API were used to collect and organize tweets from the hashtag #WhyWeTweetMH, circulated between September 2015 and November 2015. Tweets were analyzed thematically to understand the key reasons for discussing mental health using the Twitter platform. Four overarching themes were derived from the 132 tweets collected: (1) sense of community; (2) raising awareness and combatting stigma; (3) safe space for expression; and (4) coping and empowerment. In addition, 11 associated subthemes were also identified. The themes derived from the content of the tweets highlight the perceived therapeutic benefits of Twitter through the provision of support and information and the potential for self-management strategies. The ability to use Twitter to combat stigma and raise awareness of mental health problems indicates the societal benefits that can be facilitated via the platform. The number of tweets and themes identified demonstrates the feasibility of implementing study-specific hashtags to explore research questions in the field of mental health and can be used as a basis for other health-related research.

  10. Social Media and Political Participation : Are Facebook, Twitter and YouTube Democratizing Our Political Systems?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Effing, R. (Robin); Hillegersberg, van J. ( ); Huibers, T. (Theo)

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents the results of a literature review in regard to Social Media and participation. Besides that, to understand the meaning and impact of Social Media on elections, we show field results from the 2010 and 2011 elections in the Netherlands. There are several challenges when it comes t

  11. Social media and political participation: are Facebook, Twitter and YouTube democratizing our political systems?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Effing, R.C.; Hillegersberg, van J.; Huibers, T.W.C.

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents the results of a literature review in regard to Social Media and participation. Besides that, to understand the meaning and impact of Social Media on elections, we show field results from the 2010 and 2011 elections in the Netherlands. There are several challenges when it comes t

  12. Social Media Monitoring of the Campaigns for the 2013 German Bundestag Elections on Facebook and Twitter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kaczmirek, Lars; Mayr, Philipp; Vatrapu, Ravi

    As more and more people use social media to communicate their view and perception of elections, researchers have increasingly been collecting and analyzing data from social media platforms. Our research focuses on social media communication related to the 2013 election of the German parlia-ment [...

  13. The social networking application success model : An Empirical Study of Facebook and Twitter

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ou, Carol; Davison, R.M.; Huang, Q.

    2016-01-01

    Social networking applications (SNAs) are among the fastest growing web applications of recent years. In this paper, we propose a causal model to assess the success of SNAs, grounded on DeLone and McLean’s updated information systems (IS) success model. In addition to their original three dimensions

  14. The social networking application success model : An empirical study of Facebook and Twitter

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ou, Carol; Davison, R.M.; Huang, Q.

    2016-01-01

    Social networking applications (SNAs) are among the fastest growing web applications of recent years. In this paper, we propose a causal model to assess the success of SNAs, grounded on DeLone and McLean’s updated information systems (IS) success model. In addition to their original three dimensions

  15. Incorporating Facebook and Twitter in a Service-Learning Project in a Business Communication Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crews, Tena B.; Stitt-Gohdes, Wanda L.

    2012-01-01

    Implementing real-world business writing situations and service learning into business communication courses are not new concepts. Business communication students work through a service-learning project with nonprofit organizations to create communication documents to improve the nonprofit's communication with the public. Writing for social…

  16. Incorporating Facebook and Twitter in a Service-Learning Project in a Business Communication Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crews, Tena B.; Stitt-Gohdes, Wanda L.

    2012-01-01

    Implementing real-world business writing situations and service learning into business communication courses are not new concepts. Business communication students work through a service-learning project with nonprofit organizations to create communication documents to improve the nonprofit's communication with the public. Writing for social…

  17. Social Media and Political Participation: Are Facebook, Twitter and YouTube Democratizing Our Political Systems?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Effing, Robin; van Hillegersberg, Jos; Huibers, Theo W.C.

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents the results of a literature review in regard to Social Media and participation. Besides that, to understand the meaning and impact of Social Media on elections, we show field results from the 2010 and 2011 elections in the Netherlands. There are several challenges when it comes t

  18. Astropixie: Astronomy Engagement Through Blogging and Twitter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bauer, A. E.

    2013-04-01

    I discuss the astronomy outreach and public engagement potential of blogging, based on experience writing and maintaining my astropixie blog since 2006 and maintaining a twitter account as @astropixie since 2008. These methods of social media allow for direct engagement with a public audience, increase public science literacy, provide understandable information beyond what can be presented in the media, diversify the image of scientists, publicize and provide feedback on current research, develop a community among readers, and inspire students. I also briefly discuss some professional benefits of using the social media resource of twitter. The goal of this paper is to give an idea of what blogs and twitter can provide as outreach tools, and to provide basic information about using these media.

  19. A Twitter Education: Why Psychiatrists Should Tweet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, Matthew E; Uible, Elisabeth; Chisolm, Margaret S

    2015-12-01

    Social media tools such as blogs, microblogs, social networking sites, podcasts, and video-sharing sites are now ubiquitous. These tools enable instantaneous interactions with a global community of individuals, including medical professionals, learners, and patients. An understanding of social media tools and how they can be used by psychiatrists is increasingly important. This review defines some relevant social media terms and addresses challenges specific to the use of social media in psychiatry. Focused primarily on Twitter, one of the most commonly used social media tools, the review describes how Twitter is being used in non-psychiatric medical fields and highlights four current and/or potential uses of Twitter in psychiatry: (1) patient care and advocacy, (2) lifelong learning, (3) research data collection and collaboration, and (4) scholarly recognition and impact.

  20. Uso de Twitter en Educación Superior en España y Estados Unidos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo examina los usos y las percepciones de estudiantes y profesores en relación a Twitter a partir de una investigación comparada con metodologías mixtas. Los participantes (n=153 fueron alumnos de educación de dos universidades en España y EEUU que usaron Twitter como parte de una actividad del curso. El marco teórico abarca la investigación internacional sobre Twitter así como un breve repaso a la introducción de la tecnología en los dos sistemas educativos nacionales. Los datos cuantitativos se recogieron con un cuestionario mientras que los datos cualitativos se obtuvieron a través de los textos reflexivos escritos de los estudiantes. La mayoría de los participantes de los dos contextos percibieron los beneficios educativos de Twitter. Sin embargo, su uso de Twitter y la naturaleza de sus percepciones en relación a su valor educativo, difirió de maneras importantes. Los participantes de EEUU usaron Twitter por más tiempo y de manera más frecuente a la vez que demostraron creencias más positivas en relación a la relevancia educativa de Twitter. Mientras que los participantes españoles valoraron el uso de Twitter para encontrar y compartir información, los estudiantes americanos destacaron los usos para la interacción y la colaboración. El estudio destapa algunos retos del formato breve de Twitter para el aprendizaje. En las conclusiones discutimos las implicaciones para la enseñanza aprendizaje en la era de la ubicuidad de los medios sociales.

  1. The Facebook Experiment: Quitting Facebook Leads to Higher Levels of Well-Being.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tromholt, Morten

    2016-11-01

    Most people use Facebook on a daily basis; few are aware of the consequences. Based on a 1-week experiment with 1,095 participants in late 2015 in Denmark, this study provides causal evidence that Facebook use affects our well-being negatively. By comparing the treatment group (participants who took a break from Facebook) with the control group (participants who kept using Facebook), it was demonstrated that taking a break from Facebook has positive effects on the two dimensions of well-being: our life satisfaction increases and our emotions become more positive. Furthermore, it was demonstrated that these effects were significantly greater for heavy Facebook users, passive Facebook users, and users who tend to envy others on Facebook.

  2. Crowdsourcing and annotating NER for Twitter #drift

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fromreide, Hege; Hovy, Dirk; Søgaard, Anders

    2014-01-01

    We present two new NER datasets for Twitter; a manually annotated set of 1,467 tweets (kappa=0.942) and a set of 2,975 expert-corrected, crowdsourced NER annotated tweets from the dataset described in Finin et al. (2010). In our experiments with these datasets, we observe two important points: (a......) language drift on Twitter is significant, and while off-the-shelf systems have been reported to perform well on in-sample data, they often perform poorly on new samples of tweets, (b) state-of-the-art performance across various datasets can beobtained from crowdsourced annotations, making it more feasible...

  3. Modelling Political Disaffection from Twitter Data

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Monti, Corrado; Rozza, Alessandro; Zappella, Giovanni

    2013-01-01

    of this attitude. For this reason, we collect a massive database of Italian Twitter data (about 35 millions of tweets from April 2012 to October 2012) and we exploit scalable state-of-the-art machine learning techniques to generate time-series concerning the political disaffection discourse. In order to validate...... the quality of the time-series generated, we compare them with indicators of political disaffection from public opinion surveys. We find political disaffection on Twitter to be highly correlated with the indicators of political disaffection in the public opinion surveys. Moreover, we show the peaks...... in the timeseries are often generated by external political events reported on the main newspapers....

  4. DATA MINING TWITTER TO PREDICT STOCK MARKET MOVEMENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maxim PECIONCHIN

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we apply sentiment analysis of Twitter data from July through December, 2013 to find correlation between users’ sentiments and NASDAQ closing price and trading volume. Our analysis is based on the Affective Norms for English Words (ANEW. We propose a novel way of determining weighted mood level based on PageRank algorithm. We find that sentiment data is Granger-causal to financial market performance with high degree of significance. “Happy” and “sad” sentiment variables’ lags are strongly correlated with closing price and “excited” and “calm” lags are strongly correlated with trading volume.

  5. Evaluating the Impact of Cooperative Extension Outreach via Twitter

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Neill, Barbara

    2014-01-01

    Twitter is increasingly being used by Extension educators as a teaching and program-marketing tool. It is not enough, however, to simply use Twitter to disseminate information. Steps must be taken to evaluate program impact with quantitative and qualitative data. This article described the following Twitter evaluation metrics: unique hashtags,…

  6. Evaluation of Twitter Users Writings about Teachers in Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yavuz, Mustafa

    2014-01-01

    As a social sharing network whose number of users worldwide continues to rapidly increase, Twitter has become an active network for individuals to share their thoughts and feelings at any given time. The purpose of this work, then, is to evaluate Twitter users of Turkey in terms of how they write about their teachers on Twitter. In order to…

  7. Twitter Chats: Connect, Foster, and Engage Internal Extension Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seger, Jamie; Hill, Paul; Stafne, Eric; Swadley, Emy

    2017-01-01

    The eXtension Educational Technology Learning Network (EdTechLN) has found Twitter to be an effective form of informal communication for routinely engaging network members. Twitter chats provide Extension professionals an opportunity to reach and engage one other. As the EdTechLN's experimentation with Twitter chats has demonstrated, the use of…

  8. Learning by Tweeting: Using Twitter as a Pedagogical Tool

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rinaldo, Shannon B.; Tapp, Suzanne; Laverie, Debra A.

    2011-01-01

    Marketing professionals use Twitter extensively for communicating with and monitoring customers, for observing competitors, and for analyzing chatter concerning brands, products, and company image. Can professors use Twitter to engage students in conversation about a marketing course? The authors argue that Twitter has many benefits for marketing…

  9. Analyzing the Facebook Friendship Graph

    OpenAIRE

    Catanese, Salvatore; De Meo, Pasquale; Ferrara, Emilio; Fiumara, Giacomo

    2010-01-01

    Online Social Networks (OSN) during last years acquired a huge and increasing popularity as one of the most important emerging Web phenomena, deeply modifying the behavior of users and contributing to build a solid substrate of connections and relationships among people using the Web. In this preliminary work paper, our purpose is to analyze Facebook, considering a significant sample of data reflecting relationships among subscribed users. Our goal is to extract, from this platform, relevant ...

  10. PROTOTIPE MONITORING KETINGGIAN AIR BENDUNGAN MELALUI MEDIA SOSIAL TWITTER BERBASIS MIKROKONTROLER ATMEGA-328PU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I G.M Sugiri Arnawa

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The prototype of this dam water level monitoring function to provide information about the dam water level through social media twitter and speakers. Information on twitter social media can be found by following the twitter account of this tool . The prototype consists of a microcontroller Arduino Uno , HC - SR04 sensor , LCD , WTV020SD and the Ethernet Shield . Sensor HC - SR04 , read the value of the dam water level based on emission and reflection of ultrasonic waves . Arduino Uno microcontroller will process and display the sensor input from HC - SR04 form of dam water level on the LCD and sent via ethernet shield to social media twitter . WTV020SD serves to ring the speaker on the water level 10 cm , 20 cm , 30 cm and 40 cm . The sound emitted is the normal condition of the dam , flood alert , flood alert and flood . Water level measurement results on LCD , manual measurement and display on twitter social media have gotten the same results .

  11. Conversations between Twitter social media and historical archives: a digital curation study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria José Vicentini Jorente

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Digital Curation, in post-custodial times, convergent to Information Design, propose curation strategies; among the steps to be performed, is the interaction. Twitter helps with this approach and communication, facilitates information sharing as well as enables the storytelling Curation. Objective: To present innovative Digital Curation initiatives in Twitter and its potential to share information preserved by Public Historical Archives. Methodology: We characterize it as a theoretical and exploratory research on the application of Twitter in the perspective of Digital Curation, interdisciplinary to Information Science. Ten public historical archives were analyzed, in which their convergence with Twitter was verified; and an investigation of two archives profiles to identify their contents was conducted. Finally, initiatives to narrate historical events are presented. Results: Twitter offers Archives the possibility to work on historical event narratives; simultaneously publish on the platform the basic documents of the narration and build a diverse digital collection of what is physically kept by the institution. Conclusions: Actions described in Digital Curation are the activities of postcustodial nature information professionals perform in Archives. We emphasize that the post-custodial term consists of a temporal category and we can add the concept of extended custody, which is not temporal, but of extension.

  12. Climate change on Twitter: topics, communities and conversations about the 2013 IPCC Working Group 1 report.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Warren Pearce

    Full Text Available In September 2013 the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change published its Working Group 1 report, the first comprehensive assessment of physical climate science in six years, constituting a critical event in the societal debate about climate change. This paper analyses the nature of this debate in one public forum: Twitter. Using statistical methods, tweets were analyzed to discover the hashtags used when people tweeted about the IPCC report, and how Twitter users formed communities around their conversational connections. In short, the paper presents the topics and tweeters at this particular moment in the climate debate. The most used hashtags related to themes of science, geographical location and social issues connected to climate change. Particularly noteworthy were tweets connected to Australian politics, US politics, geoengineering and fracking. Three communities of Twitter users were identified. Researcher coding of Twitter users showed how these varied according to geographical location and whether users were supportive, unsupportive or neutral in their tweets about the IPCC. Overall, users were most likely to converse with users holding similar views. However, qualitative analysis suggested the emergence of a community of Twitter users, predominantly based in the UK, where greater interaction between contrasting views took place. This analysis also illustrated the presence of a campaign by the non-governmental organization Avaaz, aimed at increasing media coverage of the IPCC report.

  13. Viral Advertising on Facebook in Vietnam

    OpenAIRE

    Tran, Phuong

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis is to explore which factors affect the effectiveness of viral advertising on Facebook in Vietnam. The quantitative research method is applied in this research and the sample is Vietnamese Facebook users. After the data analysis stage using SPSS, it became clear that weak ties, perceptual affinity and emotions have an impact on the effectiveness of viral advertising. The results provide a pratical implication of how to make an Ad which can go viral on Facebook. Moreo...

  14. Facebook, between socialization and personal image promotion

    OpenAIRE

    Tasente Tanase; Ciacu Nicoleta; Sandu Mihaela

    2012-01-01

    The following study sets its target on the identification of motives that leads the internet users in Romania to use Facebook online social network, the frequency of their login, the manner young men interact within Facebook and its implications in the process of socialization and self-image promotion of the Internet users in Romania. At the same time, a different goal of this research is to identify the relationship between at least two uses of Facebook social network, which is for socializa...

  15. FACEBOOK AS A MEDIATION TOOL IN BIOCHEMISTRY DISCIPLINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. X. Gomes

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The current students generation are daily connected to the Internet, wich encourages the use of mobile tools in education. Many of the students of Biochemistry feel apprehensive about the discipline and the use of facebook may contribute, among other factors, motivating them. Objectives: It was analyzed the use of facebook as a mediator and motivator in the discipline of Biochemistry, basing on socioconstrutivist interventions. Material and methods: This work was developed in the action-research perspective, using the quali-quantitative method. An investigative questionnaire was used, using Likert scale and open questions, to investigate the facebook use, as well as the preferences of students, focusing on Biochemistry group in the Biomedicine course.  The posts were analyzed identifying: frequency of the interaction`s types (post, comment, likes;  interaction's categories (question, answer, motivational; and the content itself of the post. Results: It was highlighted students' interest to search materials, answering questions, and especially seeking information about the discipline. It was emphasized that the group was motivating for learning Biochemistry, encouragement the group to study, with quick and easy access to the professor by chat. Conclusions: The results indicate a preference for students at facebook, with a great motivational potential, is at easy access to colleagues, professor and monitor, or even the ease of obtaining the materials and ask questions in real time, indicating that this tool as a possible way, still little explored, to enhance the teaching of Biochemistry.

  16. Small Stories of the Greek Crisis on Facebook

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariza Georgalou

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Since it erupted in 2009, the Greek debt crisis has disrupted Greek people’s quotidian life both at a socio-political and at a personal level. In the contemporary social media ecosystem, with the massive bulk of user-produced and user-consumed content, narratives that concern this critical turning point in Greek modern history have found fertile soil to thrive. In this article, having enmeshed discourse-centered online ethnography (Androutsopoulos, 2008 with small stories research (Georgakopoulou, 2007, the dimensional approach to narratives (Ochs & Capps, 2001, and stance-taking (Du Bois, 2007, I look at how a Greek Facebook user has recounted her emotions, thoughts, opinions, and assessments toward the Greek crisis. In doing so, I point to the intertextual, multimodal, and synergetic nature of these narratives. The article argues that Facebook can function as a powerful grassroots channel for expressive storytelling within a period of major socio-political upheaval. It also shows how Facebook has stretched our conception of what (digital storytelling is as different Facebook affordances propel into different ways of narrating within the medium.

  17. A SOLIDÃO EM UTILIZADORES PORTUGUESES DO FACEBOOK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Cristina Simões da Silva de Castro Reis

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Resumo Sendo o Facebook a rede social mais utilizada no nosso país, a pretensão deste estudo é compreender se esta atividade interfere nas amizades pessoais dos seus utilizadores, contribuindo para que os indivíduos se distanciem uns dos outros, conduzindo ao isolamento e, consequentemente, à solidão. Assim, torna-se pertinente avaliar se os indivíduos que passam mais tempo nas redes sociais percecionam níveis mais elevados de solidão, comparativamente aos que despendem menos tempo. A população deste estudo é constituída por utilizadores do Facebook, de nacionalidade portuguesa, com mais de 18 anos, sendo a amostra aleatória simples e constituída por 201 elementos de ambos os sexos. Foram aplicados um questionário sociodemográfico, um questionário relacionado com a utilização do Facebook e a Escala de Solidão da UCLA- Revised UCLA Loneliness Scale. Os dados mais significativos deste estudo prendem-se com um perfil de utilizador encontrado, bem como a constatação de maiores níveis de solidão em utilizadores que despendem mais tempo no Facebook.

  18. Ministry of health on facebook: an information policy case study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávia Moraes Moreira

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The growth of social networks on the internet is visible. Everywhere people use these tools on various places, either via desktop, laptop, tablet or smartphone. In Brazil, the most prominent network in recent years is Facebook, which reached 76 million users in June 2013, an unprecedented number in the country. The growth allowed governments to perceive this virtual space as a potential place to present their work and communicate with society. Objectives: The study goal is to observe how information has been publicized by the Ministry of Health through Facebook since 2010 (year of creation of the page until October 2013, taking as an analytical category the implemented information policy, in order to propose a discussion about democratization of access to health information. Methodology: case study; Non-participant observation, data collection and documental analysis. Results: The main issues addressed by the Ministry of Health on Facebook are organizational actions and government programs instead of posts with guidance for a healthy living style. Also noteworthy is the low interaction of the Ministry page moderators with the users profile. The study showed most of the questions and comments made by the public are not answered by the institutional body. Conclusions: Need of strengthening the mediaton process of the information policies from the Ministry of Health on Facebook.

  19. THE EWOM ON FACEBOOK: AN EXPLORATORY STUDY OF CONSUMER MOTIVATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deborah do Espírito Santo Serra

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available In order to identify the gratifications sought (manifest and latent motives and those obtained from Facebook users who engage in practices of electronic Word of mouth (eWOM presents and defends the relevance of an exploratory qualitative study as a first step of research based on the theory of uses and gratifications. The text provides a detailed account and justification of the research design and reports the overall results more relevant research.

  20. Motives for Using Facebook, Patterns of Facebook Activities, and Late Adolescents' Social Adjustment to College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Chia-chen; Brown, B. Bradford

    2013-01-01

    Previous studies have confirmed that Facebook, the leading social networking site among young people, facilitates social connections among college students, but the specific activities and motives that foster social adjustment remain unclear. This study examined associations between patterns of Facebook activity, motives for using Facebook, and…

  1. Facebook-markkinointi ja sen ohjeistaminen

    OpenAIRE

    Cederberg, Linda

    2014-01-01

    Tämän opinnäytetyön tavoitteena oli tuottaa toimeksiantajalle Facebook-sivut jonne julkaistaan sisältömarkkinointipainotteista sisältöä. Lisäksi tavoitteena on koota kirjallinen ohjeistus Facebook-markkinoinnin ylläpidon ja sisältöjen toteuttamisen tueksi. Kyseessä on toiminnallinen opinnäytetyö, jonka lopputulos luovutetaan toimeksiantajan käyttöön. Opinnäytetyön viitekehyksessä esitellään sosiaalinen media ja Facebook käsitteinä, ja paneudutaan Facebook -palvelun tarjoamiin mahdollisuuk...

  2. [Impact of diffusion of the methodology of evidence-based nursing through Facebook].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santillán García, Azucena

    2013-05-01

    Evaluate the impact of diffusion of the contents of the blog "Evidence-Based Nursing" through Facebook. Cross-sectional study carried out via a web link to the online survey (previously tested) to a population of 2132 Facebook profiles that had a "friendship" with the profile studied. The survey had 8 items and a descriptive study of variables was conducted using SPSS 19. 75.9% of the sample has a Facebook profile of a personal character and 94.1% of cases are interested in evidence-based practices. 55.6% of the sample knows the blog, plus 46.5% answered that they read it occasionally, compared with 17.1% who does regularly and 35.7% who say they do not read it. Of all readers, 75.75% say they have improved their knowledge in terms of evidence-based practice after reading it. 88% said they did not follow the blog by other means or social network and in the case that they did, the most used are Google Reader, and Twitter Networked Blogs. Reading the contents of this blog improve the knowledge about evidence-based practices of the "friends" of the social profile, as they themselves relate. The adequacy of the social profile as a dissemination tool is successful as it is necessary to investigate in depth the functioning of social networks.

  3. Profile characteristics of fake Twitter accounts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Supraja Gurajala

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available In online social networks, the audience size commanded by an organization or an individual is a critical measure of that entity’s popularity and this measure has important economic and/or political implications. Such efforts to measure popularity of users or exploit knowledge about their audience are complicated by the presence of fake profiles on these networks. In this study, analysis of 62 million publicly available Twitter user profiles was conducted and a strategy to identify automatically generated fake profiles was established. Using a combination of a pattern-matching algorithm on screen-names and an analysis of update times, a reasonable number (∼0.1% of total users of highly reliable fake user accounts were identified. Analysis of profile creation times and URLs of these fake accounts revealed their distinct behavior relative to a ground truth data set. The characteristics of friends and followers of users in the two data sets further revealed the very different nature of the two groups. The ratio of number of followers-to-friends for ground truth users was ∼1, consistent with past observations, while the fake profiles had a median ratio ∼30, indicating that the fake users we identified were primarily focused on gathering friends. An analysis of the temporal evolution of accounts over 2 years showed that the friends-to-followers ratio increased over time for fake profiles while they decreased for ground truth users. Our results, thus, suggest that a profile-based approach can be used for identifying a core set of fake online social network users in a time-efficient manner.

  4. Researchers’ communication on Twitter. A virtual ethnography in the area of information science

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Belén Álvarez-Bornstein

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The present article analyzes the scientific communication that takes place on Twitter. Its aim is to understand and describe the types of scientific activities that occur on this platform, by identifying the type of information exchanged and the activities that researchers perform. Thus we attempt to better understand the number of times that research work is mentioned within a specific context. We followed a group of researchers and professionals with Twitter profiles who had published at least 3 articles in the journal EPI between 2009 and 2013. The research methodology was qualitative using virtual ethnography based on non-participant observation. Among the main conclusions, we found that researchers use Twitter mostly as a way to make their professional activity public and to disseminate their own research works or those of close collaborators, in order to give them more visibility and impact.

  5. Microblogging for Language Learning: Using Twitter to Train Communicative and Cultural Competence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borau, Kerstin; Ullrich, Carsten; Feng, Jinjin; Shen, Ruimin

    Our work analyzes the usefulness of microblogging in second language learning using the example of the social network Twitter. Most learners of English do not require even more passive input in form of texts, lectures or videos, etc. This input is readily available in numerous forms on the Internet. What learners of English need is the chance to actively produce language and the chance to use English as tool of communication. This calls for instructional methods and tools promoting ‘active’ learning that present opportunities for students to express themselves and interact in the target language. In this paper we describe how we used Twitter with students of English at the Distant College of Shanghai Jiao Tong University. We analyze the students’ messages and show how the usage of Twitter trained communicative and cultural competence.

  6. Tweet against Nazis? Twitter, power, and networked publics in anti-fascist protests

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christina Neumayer

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article we address the question of power in networked publics on Twitter in anti-fascist protests. The study is based on the results of an analysis of tweets, that are part of a data-set of three qualitative case studies about nationalist demonstrations in Germany, accompanied by counter-protests of anti-fascist groups, NGOs, and civil society. The question asked within this framework is how Twitter is used in the power struggles of the anti-fascist counter protests. The article concludes with the identification of tactics, practices, and strategies by activists for contesting power but also the reproduction of power on Twitter in interplay between functionalities of the technology and the political, i.e. socio-cultural, context. This leads us to a discussion about power in and between networked publics as part of a communication spiral in a larger media environment.

  7. The Sentiment Trend Analysis of Twitter Based on Set Pair Contact Degree

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chunying Zhang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Sentiment trend of twitter users have a great influence on their friends and the crowd listened. This paper directs at the user sentiment state of twitter, the unique medium, and applies set pair analysis method for trend analysis. First, we begin with set pair contact degree, then based on set pair affective computing model to make comparison with the size relationship of same degree, difference degree, opposition degree of the emotion, to build the user sentiment trend analysis model; Secondly, we analyze the influence for the user's own sentiment trend when the value changed of difference coefficient ; thirdly, after analyze to obtain one user's sentiment orientation threshold as prerequisite for user behavior prediction. Finally, setting an example to calculate the sentiment trend of one twitter, then to get the conclusion is that the analysis of user emotion from a three-dimensional angle is more realistic than the single angle.

  8. AAHSL Twitter Use From 2007 to 2014: An Exploratory Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stellrecht, Elizabeth; Hendrix, Dean

    2016-01-01

    Twitter is a popular social media platform used by organizations for communication and marketing purposes. Many libraries, including members of the Association of Academic Health Sciences Libraries (AAHSL), have Twitter accounts, but how do these libraries use Twitter to communicate with their constituents and are they using it effectively? This study is a large-scale observational study of Twitter use within AAHSL libraries and reflects on the usage patterns present in the context of social media best practices. This study also aims to expand upon best practices for implementing and maintaining a Twitter account in a health sciences library setting.

  9. Twitter hashtags: joint translation and clustering

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Carter, S.; Tsagkias, M.; Weerkamp, W.

    2011-01-01

    The popularity of microblogging platforms, such as Twitter, renders them valuable real-time information resources for tracking various aspects of worldwide events, e.g., earthquakes, political elections, etc. Such events are usually characterized in microblog posts via the use of hashtags (#). As mi

  10. Automatically identifying periodic social events from Twitter

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kunneman, F.A.; Bosch, A.P.J. van den

    2015-01-01

    Many events referred to on Twitter are of a periodic nature, characterized by roughly constant time intervals in between occurrences. Examples are annual music festivals, weekly television programs, and the full moon cycle. We propose a system that can automatically identify periodic events from Twi

  11. Activity Prediction: A Twitter-based Exploration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Weerkamp, W.; de Rijke, M.

    2012-01-01

    Social media platforms allow users to share their messages with everyone else. In microblogs, e.g., Twitter, people mostly report on what they did, they talk about current activities, and mention things they plan to do in the near future. In this paper, we propose the task of activity prediction, th

  12. Twitter Usage of Universities in Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yolcu, Ozgu

    2013-01-01

    Universities are among the users of the most popular social media networks. Usage of social media by especially students and many other people and institutions, which constitutes the target audience for universities, encourages the universities to effectively use this environment. Twitter is among these social media networks which facilitate the…

  13. Twitter Fiction: A New Creative Literary Landscape

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al Sharaqi, Laila; Abbasi, Irum

    2016-01-01

    Twitter, synonymous with social networking, has become a successful social platform for the exchange of ideas, news, and information. It has also emerged as an experimental platform through which users explore creative realms of poetic and narrative content, albeit in 140 characters. The real-time tweets are fundamentally unique and increasingly…

  14. Automatically identifying periodic social events from Twitter

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kunneman, F.A.; Bosch, A.P.J. van den

    2015-01-01

    Many events referred to on Twitter are of a periodic nature, characterized by roughly constant time intervals in between occurrences. Examples are annual music festivals, weekly television programs, and the full moon cycle. We propose a system that can automatically identify periodic events from

  15. Conversation practices and network structure in Twitter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rossi, Luca; Magnani, Matteo

    2012-01-01

    the participation in the same hashtag based conversation change the follower list of the participants? Is it possible to point out specific social behaviors that would produce a major gain of followers? Our conclusions are based on real data concerning the popular TV show Xfactor, that largely used Twitter...

  16. Retweeting Activity on Twitter: Signs of Deception

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-22

    for computing the like- lihood of an unknown user being a human, bot or cyborg . [16] shows the strong classification and prediction performance of...ACM (2013) 2. Chu, Z., et al.: Who is Tweeting on Twitter: Human, Bot, or Cyborg ? ACSAC, 21–30 (2010) 3. Derrida, B., et al.: Statistical Properties

  17. Factors Influencing Facebook Usage and Facebook Addictive Tendency in University Students: The Role of Online Psychological Privacy and Facebook Usage Motivation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong, Fu-Yuan; Chiu, Su-Lin

    2016-04-01

    There are few studies analysing the influence of personal traits and motivation factors on Facebook usage and Facebook addictive tendency as seen in university students. In this study, 225 Taiwanese university students completed a questionnaire to determine their online psychological privacy scale, Facebook usage motivation scale, Facebook usage scale and Facebook addictive tendency scale, in order to evaluate the items that can be conceptualized as the effect of university students' online psychological privacy personal trait and motive factors, and Facebook usage motivation with respect to Facebook usage and Facebook addictive tendency. The study found that a desire for more online psychological privacy correlates with a stronger motivation to use Facebook and more Facebook usage behaviour among university students who may become high-risk groups for Facebook addictive tendency. The study found that a desire for or an acceptance of a lower online psychological privacy correlates with a stronger motivation to use Facebook among university students who may have more Facebook usage behaviour. This study can help understand university students' Facebook usage and Facebook addictive tendency and provide feature indicators for those who may become high-risk groups for Facebook addictive tendency. Finally, this study conducts discussion and proposes relevant suggestions for future study.

  18. How to normalize Twitter counts? A first attempt based on journals in the Twitter Index.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bornmann, Lutz; Haunschild, Robin

    One possible way of measuring the broad impact of research (societal impact) quantitatively is the use of alternative metrics (altmetrics). An important source of altmetrics is Twitter, which is a popular microblogging service. In bibliometrics, it is standard to normalize citations for cross-field comparisons. This study deals with the normalization of Twitter counts (TC). The problem with Twitter data is that many papers receive zero tweets or only one tweet. In order to restrict the impact analysis on only those journals producing a considerable Twitter impact, we defined the Twitter Index (TI) containing journals with at least 80 % of the papers with at least 1 tweet each. For all papers in each TI journal, we calculated normalized Twitter percentiles (TP) which range from 0 (no impact) to 100 (highest impact). Thus, the highest impact accounts for the paper with the most tweets compared to the other papers in the journal. TP are proposed to be used for cross-field comparisons. We studied the field-independency of TP in comparison with TC. The results point out that the TP can validly be used particularly in biomedical and health sciences, life and earth sciences, mathematics and computer science, as well as physical sciences and engineering. In a first application of TP, we calculated percentiles for countries. The results show that Denmark, Finland, and Norway are the countries with the most tweeted papers (measured by TP).

  19. I Like, I Cite? Do Facebook Likes Predict the Impact of Scientific Work?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefanie Ringelhan

    Full Text Available Due to the increasing amount of scientific work and the typical delays in publication, promptly assessing the impact of scholarly work is a huge challenge. To meet this challenge, one solution may be to create and discover innovative indicators. The goal of this paper is to investigate whether Facebook likes for unpublished manuscripts that are uploaded to the Internet could be used as an early indicator of the future impact of the scientific work. To address our research question, we compared Facebook likes for manuscripts uploaded to the Harvard Business School website (Study 1 and the bioRxiv website (Study 2 with traditional impact indicators (journal article citations, Impact Factor, Immediacy Index for those manuscripts that have been published as a journal article. Although based on our full sample of Study 1 (N = 170, Facebook likes do not predict traditional impact indicators, for manuscripts with one or more Facebook likes (n = 95, our results indicate that the more Facebook likes a manuscript receives, the more journal article citations the manuscript receives. In additional analyses (for which we categorized the manuscripts as psychological and non-psychological manuscripts, we found that the significant prediction of citations stems from the psychological and not the non-psychological manuscripts. In Study 2, we observed that Facebook likes (N = 270 and non-zero Facebook likes (n = 84 do not predict traditional impact indicators. Taken together, our findings indicate an interdisciplinary difference in the predictive value of Facebook likes, according to which Facebook likes only predict citations in the psychological area but not in the non-psychological area of business or in the field of life sciences. Our paper contributes to understanding the possibilities and limits of the use of social media indicators as potential early indicators of the impact of scientific work.

  20. Facebook Usage as Social Screening. Exploring the Approach of Admissions Officers from Management Colleges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena - Mădălina VĂTĂMĂNESCU

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The online social networks allow individuals to continuously create and model their self-presentations and representations. Facebook stands for a relevant example as people are given the uncensored opportunity to unfold their online selves according to their interests, preferences, goals and expectations. As a social networking site, Facebook is particularly used for reasons related to social documentation (social searching and maintaining preexisting close relationships (bonding social capital that imply knowledge of new information about persons met offline, and less for social exploration (social browsing that refers to using Facebook to initiate new contacts. The extant recent literature often approach the usage of Facebook as a pre-employment screening tool with a view to select the fittest candidates for the job. Still, there are few studies which address the professors’ endeavor to use social media, in general and Facebook, in particular, as a complementary criterion when selecting future students. At this level, Facebook profiles are liable to stand for cogent indicators for the prospects’ personalities and potential, for their predispositions and professional perspectives. Starting from this point, the current research aims at investigating the approaches on the aforementioned issue of several professors from Management colleges in Romania who are in charge of settling the evaluation reference points of the college admissions procedure. The research is the more relevant so as the future graduate managers should possess some key characteristics which may be anticipated or pre-assessed based on their Facebook profile cues. In order to test the subjects’ openness to consider the implications of Facebook usage as a thorough social documentation tool, nineteen in-depth interviews were conducted. The findings show that there is a high degree of skepticism towards using Facebook as a source of reliable information.

  1. Mediating Tragedy: Facebook, Aboriginal Peoples and Suicide

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bronwyn Lee Carlson

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Some Australian Aboriginal communities experience suicide rates that are among the highest in the world. They are also, however, avid social media users—approximately 20% higher than the national average. This article presents some preliminary findings from a current national study, funded by the Australian Research Council, titled Aboriginal identity and community online: a sociological exploration of Aboriginal peoples’ use of online social media. The purpose of the study is to gain insights into how Aboriginal peoples utilise and interact on social media, and how these technologies can assist with suicide prevention strategies. It found that Aboriginal people are engaging with Facebook to both seek and offer help for issues relating to suicide and self-harm. An existing continuum of suicide prevention strategies was evident—from light emotional support to direct suicide intervention involving health services. These strategies can be leveraged to implement effective and appropriate suicide prevention programs.

  2. Facebook and multimedia libraries: between appropriation of professionals and reception of users

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emmanuelle CHEVRY PEBAYLE

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to study the appropriation of Facebook by libraries. Its perspective is twofold. Firstly, it is a matter of seeing how the professionals of public libraries appropriate the digital social network Facebook and how these libraries are present on this medium. Secondly,, the aim of this study is to analyze how users and librarians receive this new form of communication through this collaborative and scalable platform.

  3. Connected or informed?: Local Twitter networking in a London neighbourhood

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Bingham-Hall

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper asks whether geographically localised, or ‘hyperlocal’, uses of Twitter succeed in creating peer-to-peer neighbourhood networks or simply act as broadcast media at a reduced scale. Literature drawn from the smart cities discourse and from a UK research project into hyperlocal media, respectively, take on these two opposing interpretations. Evidence gathered in the case study presented here is consistent with the latter, and on this basis we criticise the notion that hyperlocal social media can be seen as a community in itself. We demonstrate this by creating a network map of Twitter followers of a popular hyperlocal blog in Brockley, southeast London. We describe various attributes of this network including its average degree and clustering coefficient to suggest that a small and highly connected cluster of visible local entities such as businesses form a clique at the centre of this network, with individual residents following these but not one another. We then plot the locations of these entities and demonstrate that sub-communities in the network are formed due to close geographical proximity between smaller sets of businesses. These observations are illustrated with qualitative evidence from interviews with users who suggest instead that rather than being connected to one another they benefit from what has been described as ‘neighbourhood storytelling’. Despite the limitations of working with Twitter data, we propose that this multi-modal approach offers a valuable way to investigate the experience of using social media as a communication tool in urban neighbourhoods.

  4. Geovisual Analytics Approach to Exploring Public Political Discourse on Twitter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonathan K. Nelson

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available We introduce spatial patterns of Tweets visualization (SPoTvis, a web-based geovisual analytics tool for exploring messages on Twitter (or “tweets” collected about political discourse, and illustrate the potential of the approach with a case study focused on a set of linked political events in the United States. In October 2013, the U.S. Congressional debate over the allocation of funds to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (commonly known as the ACA or “Obamacare” culminated in a 16-day government shutdown. Meanwhile the online health insurance marketplace related to the ACA was making a public debut hampered by performance and functionality problems. Messages on Twitter during this time period included sharply divided opinions about these events, with many people angry about the shutdown and others supporting the delay of the ACA implementation. SPoTvis supports the analysis of these events using an interactive map connected dynamically to a term polarity plot; through the SPoTvis interface, users can compare the dominant subthemes of Tweets in any two states or congressional districts. Demographic attributes and political information on the display, coupled with functionality to show (dissimilar features, enrich users’ understandings of the units being compared. Relationships among places, politics and discourse on Twitter are quantified using statistical analyses and explored visually using SPoTvis. A two-part user study evaluates SPoTvis’ ability to enable insight discovery, as well as the tool’s design, functionality and applicability to other contexts.

  5. The Impact of Facebook on University-Students Relationships

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabina Iustina ȘTEFĂNICĂ

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The advent of increased competition between higher education institutions (HEI has resulted in a transformation within the education market. To survive in this internationally competitive and hostile market, HEIs must engage in mutually beneficial relationships with key stakeholders and tailor management practices in line with their vision. Thus there is a symbiotic relationship between the HEI, their stakeholders and the stakeholders’ needs. This article aims to clarify the interests of the primary stakeholder, the Romanian student, by analysing their perception of the Facebook engagement strategies used by Romanian universities. In writing this case study we used a quantitative approach - online questionnaires - distributed to student stakeholders through the official Facebook accounts of the public and private Romanian universities.  The research was restricted to 285 questionnaires; the number of valid questionnaires obtained during the time allocated for data collection. The intrinsic value of the study is its integrative approach to the theories and studies regarding the engagement strategies available to HEIs through social media and the research of a heretofore unexplored area in Romanian literature. The study has three key findings: 1 Students welcome an active official Facebook presence by their University and professors; 2 Students have a direct interest and strongly believe that they will derive benefit from the Facebook publication of academic and administrative information; and 3 Students would be highly supportive and appreciative of informal Facebook interaction.  Finally we recommend further qualitative research to assess the totality of the impact of social media on the university-students relationship.

  6. Assessing the integration of Twitter into the strategic operations of sporting organisations: the case of national governing bodies for sports in England

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simon Chadwick

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Twitter, a social media application, has opened up communicative avenues for many stakeholders in the sports industry. The pervasive and rapid emergence of Twitter has given sports business and management researchers an opportunity to explore the strategic exploitation of the application by all kinds of sporting organisations. The purpose of this paper is to assess how sporting organisations’ social media content helps them achieve their strategic goals in terms of engagement and persuasion. To this end, the paper empirically examines how nine national governing bodiesfor various sports in England use Twitter. The study’s results accentuate the opportunities that these organisations have to use Twitter to achieve their ultimate goal of increasing participation in their respective sports. Accordingly, the paper recommends that these sporting organisations adopt proactive approaches to the way they use social media/networking and integrate Twitter into their strategic operations.

  7. #WhoAmI in 160 characters? Classifying social identities based on Twitter profile descriptions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Priante, Anna; Priante, Anna; Hiemstra, Djoerd; van den Broek, Tijs Adriaan; Saeed, Aaqib; Ehrenhard, Michel Léon; Need, Ariana

    We combine social theory and NLP methods to classify English-speaking Twitter users’ online social identity in profile descriptions. We conduct two text classification experiments. In Experiment 1 we use a 5-category online social identity classification based on identity and self-categorization

  8. ANALISIS SENTIMEN PENGGUNA TWITTER MENGGUNAKAN METODE SUPPORT VECTOR MACHINE BERBASIS CLOUD COMPUTING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rizky Maulana

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Twitter merupakan jejaring sosial dengan pertumbuhan tercepat sejak tahun 2006 menurut MIT Technology Review (2013, Indonesia menempati Negara ketiga penyumbang tweet terbanyak dengan jumlah 1 milyar tweet. Fakta tersebut menjadikan Twitter menjadi salah satu sumber data text yang dapat digali dan dimanfaatkan untuk berbagai keperluan melalui metode-metode pengambilan data teks atau text mining, salah satunya adalah analisis sentimen pengguna terhadap tokoh-tokoh publik indonesia. Penelitian ini membuat sebuah sistem yang dapat melakukan analisis sentimen pengguna twitter terhadap tokoh publik secara real time dengan menggunakan Twitter Streming API dan metode Support Vectore Machine (SVM memanfaatkan pustaka libSVM sebagai salah satu machine learning untuk text classification. Algoritma Porter digunakan dalam proses stemming untuk ekstraksi fitur dan metode Term Frequency untuk pembobotan. Perangkat lunak dibangun dengan menggunakan bahasa pemrograman PHP untuk sisi server yang berjalan pada platform cloud Windows Azure dan Java untuk sisi client yang berjalan pada platform Android. Dari hasil penelitian dengan 1.400 tweet pada dataset dan 200 data uji didapatkan akurasi sebesar 79,5%.

  9. Effective Listings of Function Stop words for Twitter

    CERN Document Server

    Choy, Murphy

    2012-01-01

    Many words in documents recur very frequently but are essentially meaningless as they are used to join words together in a sentence. It is commonly understood that stop words do not contribute to the context or content of textual documents. Due to their high frequency of occurrence, their presence in text mining presents an obstacle to the understanding of the content in the documents. To eliminate the bias effects, most text mining software or approaches make use of stop words list to identify and remove those words. However, the development of such top words list is difficult and inconsistent between textual sources. This problem is further aggravated by sources such as Twitter which are highly repetitive or similar in nature. In this paper, we will be examining the original work using term frequency, inverse document frequency and term adjacency for developing a stop words list for the Twitter data source. We propose a new technique using combinatorial values as an alternative measure to effectively list o...

  10. Twitter Sentiment Analysis of Movie Reviews using Machine Learning Techniques.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akshay Amolik

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Sentiment analysis is basically concerned with analysis of emotions and opinions from text. We can refer sentiment analysis as opinion mining. Sentiment analysis finds and justifies the sentiment of the person with respect to a given source of content. Social media contain huge amount of the sentiment data in the form of tweets, blogs, and updates on the status, posts, etc. Sentiment analysis of this largely generated data is very useful to express the opinion of the mass. Twitter sentiment analysis is tricky as compared to broad sentiment analysis because of the slang words and misspellings and repeated characters. We know that the maximum length of each tweet in Twitter is 140 characters. So it is very important to identify correct sentiment of each word. In our project we are proposing a highly accurate model of sentiment analysis of tweets with respect to latest reviews of upcoming Bollywood or Hollywood movies. With the help of feature vector and classifiers such as Support vector machine and Naïve Bayes, we are correctly classifying these tweets as positive, negative and neutral to give sentiment of each tweet.

  11. Different spaces : Exploring Facebook as heterotopia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rymarczuk, R.; Derksen, Maarten

    2014-01-01

    In this paper we explore the space of Facebook, and use Michel Foucault’s concept of heterotopia to describe it. We show that the heterotopic nature of Facebook explains not only much of its attraction, but even more the discomfort that many people, users as well as non–users, experience in it. Anal

  12. Writing a Professional Life on Facebook

    Science.gov (United States)

    Briggs, Timothy J.

    2013-01-01

    This video presents one academic's experiences using Facebook in service of his professional life in order to contend that Facebook can be valuable to faculty as both a site for professional conversations and a social network that enables users to create and maintain social capital.

  13. Students' Facebook "Friends": Public and Private Spheres

    Science.gov (United States)

    West, Anne; Lewis, Jane; Currie, Peter

    2009-01-01

    Friendship is highly significant during the university years. Facebook, widely used by students, is designed to facilitate communication with different groups of "friends". This exploratory study involved interviewing a sample of student users of Facebook: it focuses on the extent to which older adults, especially parents, are accepted as Facebook…

  14. The Embodiment of Relationships of Adult Facebookers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pirli, Myrto; Finken, Sisse; Mörtberg, Christina

    2016-01-01

    In the last decade we have seen a rise of social media. Within this landscape of online services Facebook plays an immense role in facilitating and creating bonds between people. In this paper we enter a qualitative study conducted with a small group of adult Facebookers over 58. We do so...

  15. Different spaces : Exploring Facebook as heterotopia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rymarczuk, R.; Derksen, Maarten

    2014-01-01

    In this paper we explore the space of Facebook, and use Michel Foucault’s concept of heterotopia to describe it. We show that the heterotopic nature of Facebook explains not only much of its attraction, but even more the discomfort that many people, users as well as non–users, experience in it.

  16. Connecting and Communicating with Students on Facebook

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Sarah Elizabeth; Jensen, Lauren A.

    2007-01-01

    Facebook is a social network that connects people with other people. Librarians have created Facebook Groups to share ideas and to debate how to use this resource as a potential marketing and/or reference tool. Based on conversations among these librarians, it appears that student response to library outreach on this medium is lackluster at best,…

  17. Facebook Use and Engagement of College Freshmen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burkart, Edith Jenae

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to investigate the effects of intensity of Facebook use and compare the effects of Facebook use with retention program participation on the engagement of college freshmen. The sample consisted of 141 freshmen at the University of West Florida (UWF). The participants were surveyed using questions from the National…

  18. Different spaces : Exploring Facebook as heterotopia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rymarczuk, R.; Derksen, Maarten

    2014-01-01

    In this paper we explore the space of Facebook, and use Michel Foucault’s concept of heterotopia to describe it. We show that the heterotopic nature of Facebook explains not only much of its attraction, but even more the discomfort that many people, users as well as non–users, experience in it. Anal

  19. Writing a Professional Life on Facebook

    Science.gov (United States)

    Briggs, Timothy J.

    2013-01-01

    This video presents one academic's experiences using Facebook in service of his professional life in order to contend that Facebook can be valuable to faculty as both a site for professional conversations and a social network that enables users to create and maintain social capital.

  20. Los nuevos prosumidores: audiencias de la televisión social. Análisis de Operación Palace en Twitter / The new prosumers: social televisión audience. Operacion Palace analisys on Twitter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Mª Ferreras Rodríguez

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available En esta contribución se presentan las mediciones sobre la repercusión en Twitter del programa Operación Palace: la verdadera historia del 23f’ emitido en La Sexta el pasado 23 de febrero. Se pretende conocer la actividad de varios perfiles, etiquetas y usuarios. Para realizar el seguimiento se ha utilizado la herramienta creada por la empresa Pirendo. España es uno de los países que registra mayor índice de comentarios en Twitter sobre programas de televisión durante el prime time y Salvados, programa vinculado a este ‘especial’ documental es uno de las emisiones que más impacto consigue en las redes. Así podremos conocer su estrategia, presencia e interacciones en la red Twitter. Abstract Measurements on the impact on Twitter of the Operation Palace: the true story of 23f' program broadcast in the Sixth February 23 are presented in this contribution. It aims to determine the activity of various profiles, tags, and users. To track the activity a tool created by a company called Pirendo has been used. Spain is one of the countries with highest rate of comments on Twitter during the prime time on TV, and Salvados, program linked to this 'special' documentary, is one of the times with most impact achieved in networks. Therefore, we can know their strategy, presence and interactions in the Twitter network.

  1. Perceived learning effectiveness of a course Facebook page: teacher-led versus student-led approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tugba Orten Tugrul

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to compare the perceived effectiveness of teacher -led and student-led content management approaches embraced in a course Facebook page designed to enhance traditional classroom learning. Eighty-five undergraduate marketing course students voluntarily completed a questionnaire composed of two parts; a depiction of a course Facebook page where both teacher and students can share instructional contents, and questions about perceived learning effectiveness. The findings indicate that students have more favorable evaluations of a student-led approach in sharing instructional contents on a course Facebook Page than a teacher-led approach. Additionally, it is shown that instructional contents posted by both teacher and students enhance the overall learning effectiveness of a course Facebook page incorporated into a traditional classroom teaching.

  2. Youth Online Political Participation: The Role of Facebook Use, Interactivity, Quality Information and Political Interest

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdu Shamsu Dauda

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on the role of Facebook use, interactivity with politicians, quality of information and political interest as the predictors of online political participation among youth. The paper argues that Facebook use, interactivity, quality of information and political interests have the potential to engender online political participation among Nigerian youth. Also, by offering them an avenue for acquiring political information necessary for making an informed political decision through deliberations on Facebook; in order to bring new political changes and group mobilization. Therefore, the study was implemented with survey questionnaires collected from youth in Bauchi metropolis (N= 372. Findings reveal that Facebook use, quality of information and political interest positively correlates with online political participation while interactivity with the politicians did not significantly influence online political participation among youth.

  3. Students’ Attitude on The Use of Facebook And Blog In Writing Class and Their Writing Competence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irfan Rifai

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Article aims to investigate the relationship between students’ attitudes on the use of Facebook and blog as learning tools in writing class. Two groups of students were made as experimental and control group. The experimental group used Facebook and blog in as learning tools for thirteen sessions while the control group only used Binusmaya, local multi channel learning. It was assumed that Facebook and blog would be able to help students in three level of writing mastery: the vocabulary, the accuracy and the fluency in writing. Students’ attitudes were gathered through survey and the results compared to their final test scores. The result shows that students’ lack of enthusiasm was in line with students’ level of achievement in writing and that Facebook and blog did not give significant influence on improving students’ writing competence.   

  4. Romantic Relationship Length and its Perceived Quality: Mediating Role of Facebook-Related Conflict

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. M. Saidur Rahaman

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to investigate how Facebook use is leading to negative relationship outcomes such as cheating and breakup by assessing users’ perceived relationship qualities. It was hypothesized that Facebook-related conflict will be negatively related with users’ relationship length and will also be negatively related with their perceived relationship satisfaction, commitment, and love. Facebook-related conflict further mediates the relationship between relationship length and perceived relationship satisfaction, commitment, and love. Self-report data were gathered from participants (N = 101 in an online survey by employing standard questionnaires. A set of regression and mediation analyses confirmed all the hypotheses of the study. That is, Facebook-related conflict mediates the relationship between relationship length and perceived relationship satisfaction, commitment, and love. Moreover, the magnitude of mediation was highest for relationship satisfaction. Implications for future research and contributions are discussed.

  5. Facebook Marketing - Fra A-Z

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mortensen, Thomas Bøtker

    2009-01-01

    Facebook Marketing – Leverage Social Media to Grow Your Business af Steven Holzner er Facebook Marketing fra A-Z, som kan anbefales til virksomheder, som overvejer at bevæge sig ud i cyber space og afprøve mulighederne for at markedsføre sig dér. Bogen beskriver på hvilke væsentlige punkter...... marketing på Facebook adskiller sig fra traditionel marketing, og gennemgår trin for trin de fundamentale ting, som man skal vide for, at virksomheden kan agere med den tilsigtede effekt i et socialt netværk som Facebook. Og eftersom 34 % af den danske befolkning i dag er hoppet med på Facebook vognen og...

  6. Facebook-markkinointi : strategia, tavoitteet ja mittaaminen

    OpenAIRE

    Manninen, Jesse

    2014-01-01

    Tässä opinnäyteyössä keskiössä on Facebook-markkinoinnin mittaaminen sekä Facebook Insights -palvelua että Facebookista saatavaa taulukkomuotoista dataa käyttäen. Facebook-markkinoinnissa keskitytään liian usein lähinnä sisällöntuotantoon ja muut asiat unohtuvat. Tässä opinnäytetyössä sisällöntuotanto jätetään sivurooliin ja sen sijaan painopiste on Facebook-markkinointistrategian luomisessa ja Facebook-markkinoinnin mittaamisessa. Lähtökohtana tässä työssä on sosiaalisen median palveluid...

  7. Facebook Marketing - Fra A-Z

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mortensen, Thomas Bøtker

    2009-01-01

    Facebook Marketing – Leverage Social Media to Grow Your Business af Steven Holzner er Facebook Marketing fra A-Z, som kan anbefales til virksomheder, som overvejer at bevæge sig ud i cyber space og afprøve mulighederne for at markedsføre sig dér. Bogen beskriver på hvilke væsentlige punkter...... marketing på Facebook adskiller sig fra traditionel marketing, og gennemgår trin for trin de fundamentale ting, som man skal vide for, at virksomheden kan agere med den tilsigtede effekt i et socialt netværk som Facebook. Og eftersom 34 % af den danske befolkning i dag er hoppet med på Facebook vognen og...

  8. Facebook-markkinointi : strategia, tavoitteet ja mittaaminen

    OpenAIRE

    Manninen, Jesse

    2014-01-01

    Tässä opinnäyteyössä keskiössä on Facebook-markkinoinnin mittaaminen sekä Facebook Insights -palvelua että Facebookista saatavaa taulukkomuotoista dataa käyttäen. Facebook-markkinoinnissa keskitytään liian usein lähinnä sisällöntuotantoon ja muut asiat unohtuvat. Tässä opinnäytetyössä sisällöntuotanto jätetään sivurooliin ja sen sijaan painopiste on Facebook-markkinointistrategian luomisessa ja Facebook-markkinoinnin mittaamisessa. Lähtökohtana tässä työssä on sosiaalisen median palveluid...

  9. Alcohol references on undergraduate males' Facebook profiles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Egan, Katie G; Moreno, Megan A

    2011-09-01

    Perceived peer alcohol use is a predictor of consumption in college males; frequent references to alcohol on Facebook may encourage alcohol consumption. Content analysis of college males' Facebook profiles identified references to alcohol. The average age of 225 identified profiles was 19.9 years. Alcohol references were present on 85.3% of the profiles; the prevalence of alcohol was similar across each undergraduate grade. The average number of alcohol references per profile was 8.5 but increased with undergraduate year (p = .003; confidence interval = 1.5, 7.5). Students who were of legal drinking age referenced alcohol 4.5 times more than underage students, and an increase in number of Facebook friends was associated with an increase in displayed alcohol references (p < .001; confidence interval = 0.009, 0.02). Facebook is widely used in the college population; widespread alcohol displays on Facebook may influence social norms and cause increases in male college students' alcohol use.

  10. The Use of Twitter by Radiology Journals: An Analysis of Twitter Activity and Impact Factor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Brendan S; Redmond, Ciaran E; Nason, Gregory J; Healy, Gerard M; Horgan, Niall A; Heffernan, Eric J

    2016-11-01

    Medical journals use social media as a means to disseminate new research and interact with readers. The microblogging site Twitter is one such platform. The aim of this study was to analyze the recent use of Twitter by the leading radiology journals. The top 50 journals by Impact Factor were included. Twitter profiles associated with these journals, or their corresponding societies, were identified. Whether each journal used other social media platforms was also recorded. Each Twitter profile was analyzed over a one-year period, with data collected via Twitonomy software. Klout scores of social media influence were calculated. Results were analyzed in SPSS using Student's t test, Fisher contingency tables, and Pearson correlations to identify any association between social media interaction and Impact Factors of journals. Fourteen journals (28%) had dedicated Twitter profiles. Of the 36 journals without dedicated Twitter profiles, 25 (50%) were associated with societies that had profiles, leaving 11 (22%) journals without a presence on Twitter. The mean Impact Factor of all journals was 3.1 ± 1.41 (range, 1.7-6.9). Journals with Twitter profiles had higher Impact Factors than those without (mean, 3.37 vs 2.14; P journals with dedicated Twitter profiles and those associated with affiliated societies (P = .47). Since joining Twitter, 7 of the 11 journals (64%) experienced increases in Impact Factor. A greater number of Twitter followers was correlated with higher journal Impact Factor (R(2) = 0.581, P = .029). The investigators assessed the prevalence and activity of the leading radiology journals on Twitter. Radiology journals with Twitter profiles have higher Impact Factors than those without profiles, and the number of followers of a journal's Twitter profile is positively associated with Impact Factor. Copyright © 2016 American College of Radiology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. ANALISIS SENTIMENT PADA SOSIAL MEDIA TWITTER MENGGUNAKAN NAIVE BAYES CLASSIFIER TERHADAP KATA KUNCI “KURIKULUM 2013”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dyarsa Singgih Pamungkas

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Twitter salah satu situs sosial media yang memungkinkan penggunanya untuk menulis tentang berbagai hal yang terjadi dalam sehari-hari. Banyak pengguna mentweet sebuah produk atau layanan yang mereka gunakan. Tweet tersebut dapat digunakan sebagai sumber data untuk menilai sentimen pada Twitter. Pengguna sering menggunakan singkatan kata dan ejaan kata yang salah, dimana dapat menyulitkan fitur yang diambil serta mengurangi ketepatan klasifikasi. Dalam penelitian ini menggunakan Twitter Search API untuk mengambil data dari twitter, penulis menerapkan proses n-gram karakter untuk seleksi fitur serta menggunakan algoritma Naive Bayes Classifier untuk mengklasifikasi sentimen secara otomatis. Penulis menggunakan 3300 data tweet tentang sentimen kepada kata kunci “kurikulum 2013”. Data tersebut diklasifikasi secara manual dan dibagi kedalam masing-masing 1000 data untuk sentimen positif, negatif dan netral. Untuk proses latih di gunakan 3000 data tweet dan 1000 tweet tiap kategori sentimentnya. Hasil penelitian ini menghasilkan sebuah sistem yang dapat mengklasifikasi sentimen secara otomatis dengan hasil pengujian 3000 data latih dan 100 tweet data ujicoba mencapai 91 %. Kata kunci : Twitter, Twitter Search API, sosial media, tweet, analisis sentimen, sentimen, N-gram, Naive Bayes Classifier.

  12. The Judge on Facebook

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul van den Hoven

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available In many social realms, social media are employed by institutions to establish direct relations between ‘key agents’ and their clients or customers. In this article I explain why as yet the civil law judge cannot be expected to start using social networking sites to advance the transparency of the judicial decision-making process in a relatively open, form-free interaction with his or her ‘clients’. This explanation is grounded on the hybrid character of social networking sites. On the one hand, these sites are direct, interactive, informal, and personalized media; but on the other, they are public and basically permanent. Their direct, interactive, informal and personalized character is highly compatible with the multimodal, network-embedded, form-free self-representation of the modern judge in the courtroom. However, their public and permanent character manifests in the second performance of a judge, being held publicly and permanently accountable for what is decided. This performance is characterized by a unimodal, ‘punctualized’, formal self-representation. Referring to the work of legal sociologists as well as discourse scholars, it is underlined how much this public judicial self-representation is part of a persistent ritual that renders it incompatible with direct, interactive, informal and personalized communication. The hybrid character of social media does not allow judges to utilize them to act as key-agents: to open up the ‘backstage area’ to reveal the actual dynamics of the decision-making process, and to transparently connect the judicial performance in the courtroom session with the second performance when issuing a decision.

  13. Event detection using Twitter: a spatio-temporal approach.

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    Tao Cheng

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Every day, around 400 million tweets are sent worldwide, which has become a rich source for detecting, monitoring and analysing news stories and special (disaster events. Existing research within this field follows key words attributed to an event, monitoring temporal changes in word usage. However, this method requires prior knowledge of the event in order to know which words to follow, and does not guarantee that the words chosen will be the most appropriate to monitor. METHODS: This paper suggests an alternative methodology for event detection using space-time scan statistics (STSS. This technique looks for clusters within the dataset across both space and time, regardless of tweet content. It is expected that clusters of tweets will emerge during spatio-temporally relevant events, as people will tweet more than expected in order to describe the event and spread information. The special event used as a case study is the 2013 London helicopter crash. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: A spatio-temporally significant cluster is found relating to the London helicopter crash. Although the cluster only remains significant for a relatively short time, it is rich in information, such as important key words and photographs. The method also detects other special events such as football matches, as well as train and flight delays from Twitter data. These findings demonstrate that STSS is an effective approach to analysing Twitter data for event detection.

  14. Twitter Chats as Third Places: Conceptualizing a Digital Gathering Site

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    John A. McArthur

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Social media users can harness the interactivity and connectivity of social networking sites to create a sense of place in a digital environment. This article argues that regularly scheduled Twitter chats can function as digital third places, sites of online sociality that both mirror and deviate from physical gathering sites such as bars or clubs. Using Oldenburg’s eight characteristics of (built third places, this study examines how people collectively identify with others and collaborate in digital gathering sites. Through an investigation of 1 month of multiple, recurring Twitter chats, including over 3,100 tweets, a textual analysis explores Oldenburg’s characteristics of built third places in the context of these digital interactions. The findings add nuance to the application of Oldenburg’s themes in a networked media context and suggest that social networking sites offer the potential for continued thinking about the role of third places in developing connectivity online. Moreover, the findings suggest further opportunities for the study of space—both physical and digital—and the study of time as integral components of digitally mediated interpersonal connection.

  15. Elecciones Europeas 2014: Viralidad de los mensajes en Twitter

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    M. L. Congosto

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Desde las elecciones Catalanas de 2010 en que se alcanzó una masa crítica de usuarios españoles en Twitter, esta red social ha jugado un importante papel en la difusión de mensajes en todas las campañas electorales celebradas hasta la fecha en España. El objetivo de esta investigación es aportar luz sobre la participación y la receptividad del ciudadano a los mensajes emitidos en Twitter durante la campaña a las elecciones europeas de 2014. Se ha estudiado la conversación exógena a la organización de los partidos y candidatos al parlamento europeo junto con la endógena de las fuerzas políticas contendientes. En ambos casos se han analizado los patrones de publicación, los temas tratados, la difusión de estos mensajes y los perfiles de los usuarios que participaron.

  16. Climate Change Sentiment on Twitter: An Unsolicited Public Opinion Poll.

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    Emily M Cody

    Full Text Available The consequences of anthropogenic climate change are extensively debated through scientific papers, newspaper articles, and blogs. Newspaper articles may lack accuracy, while the severity of findings in scientific papers may be too opaque for the public to understand. Social media, however, is a forum where individuals of diverse backgrounds can share their thoughts and opinions. As consumption shifts from old media to new, Twitter has become a valuable resource for analyzing current events and headline news. In this research, we analyze tweets containing the word "climate" collected between September 2008 and July 2014. Through use of a previously developed sentiment measurement tool called the Hedonometer, we determine how collective sentiment varies in response to climate change news, events, and natural disasters. We find that natural disasters, climate bills, and oil-drilling can contribute to a decrease in happiness while climate rallies, a book release, and a green ideas contest can contribute to an increase in happiness. Words uncovered by our analysis suggest that responses to climate change news are predominately from climate change activists rather than climate change deniers, indicating that Twitter is a valuable resource for the spread of climate change awareness.

  17. Technical Challenges in Developing Software to Collect Twitter Data

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    Daniel Chudnov

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Over the past two years, George Washington University Libraries developed Social Feed Manager (SFM, a Python and Django-based application for collecting social media data from Twitter. Expanding the project from a research prototype to a more widely useful application has presented a number of technical challenges, including changes in the Twitter API, supervision of simultaneous streaming processes, management, storage, and organization of collected data, meeting researcher needs for groups or sets of data, and improving documentation to facilitate other institutions’ installation and use of SFM. This article will describe how the Social Feed Manager project addressed these issues, use of supervisord to manage processes, and other technical decisions made in the course of this project through late summer 2014. This article is targeted towards librarians and archivists who are interested in building collections around web archives and social media data, and have a particular interest in the technical work involved in applying software to the problem of building a sustainable collection management program around these sources.

  18. Life Satisfaction and the Pursuit of Happiness on Twitter.

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    Chao Yang

    Full Text Available Life satisfaction refers to a somewhat stable cognitive assessment of one's own life. Life satisfaction is an important component of subjective well being, the scientific term for happiness. The other component is affect: the balance between the presence of positive and negative emotions in daily life. While affect has been studied using social media datasets (particularly from Twitter, life satisfaction has received little to no attention. Here, we examine trends in posts about life satisfaction from a two-year sample of Twitter data. We apply a surveillance methodology to extract expressions of both satisfaction and dissatisfaction with life. A noteworthy result is that consistent with their definitions trends in life satisfaction posts are immune to external events (political, seasonal etc. unlike affect trends reported by previous researchers. Comparing users we find differences between satisfied and dissatisfied users in several linguistic, psychosocial and other features. For example the latter post more tweets expressing anger, anxiety, depression, sadness and on death. We also study users who change their status over time from satisfied with life to dissatisfied or vice versa. Noteworthy is that the psychosocial tweet features of users who change from satisfied to dissatisfied are quite different from those who stay satisfied over time. Overall, the observations we make are consistent with intuition and consistent with observations in the social science research. This research contributes to the study of the subjective well being of individuals through social media.

  19. Hashtagging Politics: Transnational Anti-Fracking Movement Twitter Practices

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    Jill E. Hopke

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available I examine a 2-week window into an environmental movement trying to gain traction in the public sphere, centered on a transnational day of action calling for a ban on the drilling technology, high-volume hydraulic fracturing, the Global Frackdown. Twitter serves a different purpose for the anti-fracking Global Frackdown movement than other Internet-based communications, most notably email listservs. Findings show that Global Frackdown tweeters engage in framing practices of movement convergence and solidarity, declarative and targeted engagement, prefabricated messaging, and multilingual tweeting. In contrast to Global Frackdown tweeters’ use of the platform for in-the-moment communication, Global Frackdown activists report in in-depth interviews that they place more emphasis on private (i.e., listservs communication channels for longer term, durable movement building. The episodic, crowdsourced, and often personalized, transnational framing practices of Global Frackdown tweeters support core organizers’ goal of promoting the globalness of activism to ban fracking. This research extends past scholarship on socially mediated activism by providing a case study of how environmental activists use Twitter for ephemeral movement communication during a pre-planned transnational day of action, blurring internal movement collective identity-building and affirmation with publicly enacted strategic framing.

  20. Countering violent extremism via de-securitisation on Twitter

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    Anna Warrington

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The case of a civil society actor on Twitter entering a securitized discourse on terrorism illustrates the transformative theoretical potential that emerges from new forms of communication online. Through a qualitative analysis of tweets from the Average Mohamed profile, the potential to change a negative narrative of violent extremism operating within a securitised discourse of Islamic terrorism, is discussed in an online context. The arguments forming from this analysis offers a new approach to studying online counter narratives by linking a theoretical framework of securitisation and de-securitisation to recent political efforts Countering Violent Extremism (CVE and Preventing Violent Extremism (PVE. Through the inclusion of a civil society Twitter account as an illustrative case, this paper explores how social media can challenge existing assumptions of who can be a de-securitising actor within security theory by blurring the lines between political and societal sectors in a securitised threat from Islamic terrorism. If and how a civil society actor can loosen the dichotomous discursive relationship between Self/Other relations within a contemporary discourse on terrorism becomes relevant for a theoretical discussion by presenting an argument suggesting that online CVE polices are more effective within the sphere of ‘normal’ politics rather than within the realm of securitization. This theoretical perspective offers an analytical framework including a wide range of actors involved in counter narratives policies which is useful for further CVE research.