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Sample records for twisted group algebras

  1. Properly twisted groups and their algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Bales, John W

    2011-01-01

    A twist property is developed which imparts certain properties on the twisted group algebra. These include an involution * satisfying (xy)*=y*x* and an inner product satisfying = and =. Examples of twisted group algebras having this property are the Cayley-Dickson algebras and Clifford algebras.

  2. Cayley-Dickson and Clifford Algebras as Twisted Group Algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Bales, John W

    2011-01-01

    The effect of some properties of twisted groups on the associated algebras, particularly Cayley-Dickson and Clifford algebras. It is conjectured that the Hilbert space of square-summable sequences is a Cayley-Dickson algebra.

  3. Twisted derivations of Hopf algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Davydov, Alexei

    2012-01-01

    In the paper we introduce the notion of twisted derivation of a bialgebra. Twisted derivations appear as infinitesimal symmetries of the category of representations. More precisely they are infinitesimal versions of twisted automorphisms of bialgebras. Twisted derivations naturally form a Lie algebra (the tangent algebra of the group of twisted automorphisms). Moreover this Lie algebra fits into a crossed module (tangent to the crossed module of twisted automorphisms). Here we calculate this crossed module for universal enveloping algebras and for the Sweedler's Hopf algebra.

  4. Quantum automorphisms of twisted group algebras and free hypergeometric laws

    CERN Document Server

    Banica, Teodor; Curran, Stephen

    2010-01-01

    We prove that we have an isomorphism of type $A_{aut}(\\mathbb C_\\sigma[G])\\simeq A_{aut}(\\mathbb C[G])^\\sigma$, for any finite group $G$, and any 2-cocycle $\\sigma$ on $G$. In the particular case $G=\\mathbb Z_n^2$, this leads to a Haar-measure preserving identification between the subalgebra of $A_o(n)$ generated by the variables $u_{ij}^2$, and the subalgebra of $A_s(n^2)$ generated by the variables $X_{ij}=\\sum_{a,b=1}^np_{ia,jb}$. Since $u_{ij}$ is "free hyperspherical" and $X_{ij}$ is "free hypergeometric", we obtain in this way a new free probability formula, which at $n=\\infty$ corresponds to the well-known relation between the semicircle law, and the free Poisson law.

  5. Cellularity of diagram algebras as twisted semigroup algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Wilcox, Stewart

    2010-01-01

    The Temperley-Lieb and Brauer algebras and their cyclotomic analogues, as well as the partition algebra, are all examples of twisted semigroup algebras. We prove a general theorem about the cellularity of twisted semigroup algebras of regular semigroups. This theorem, which generalises a recent result of East about semigroup algebras of inverse semigroups, allows us to easily reproduce the cellularity of these algebras.

  6. Automorphism groups of some algebras

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PARK; Hong; Goo; LEE; Jeongsig; CHOI; Seul; Hee; NAM; Ki-Bong

    2009-01-01

    The automorphism groups of algebras are found in many papers. Using auto-invariance, we find the automorphism groups of the Laurent extension of the polynomial ring and the quantum n-plane (respectively, twisting polynomial ring) in this work. As an application of the results of this work, we can find the automorphism group of a twisting algebra. We define a generalized Weyl algebra and show that the generalized Weyl algebra is simple. We also find the automorphism group of a generalized Weyl algebra. We show that the generalized Weyl algebra Am,m+n is the universal enveloping algebra of the generalized Witt algebra W(m,m + n).

  7. Automorphism groups of some algebras

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PARK Hong Goo; LEE Jeongsig; CHOI Seul Hee; CHEN XueQing; NAM Ki-Bong

    2009-01-01

    The automorphism groups of algebras are found in many papers. Using auto-invariance, we find the automorphism groups of the Laurent extension of the polynomial ring and the quantum n-plane (respectively, twisting polynomial ring) in this work. As an application of the results of this work, we can find the automorphism group of a twisting algebra. We define a generalized Weyl algebra and show that the generalized Weyl algebra is simple. We also find the automorphism group of a generalized Weyl algebra. We show that the generalized Weyl algebra Am,m+n is the universal enveloping algebra of the generalized Witt algebra W(m, m+n).

  8. Twisting theory for weak Hopf algebras

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Ju-zhen; ZHANG Yan; WANG Shuan-hong

    2008-01-01

    The main aim of this paper is to study the twisting theory of weak Hopf algebras and give an equivalence between the (braided) monoidal categories of weak Hopf bimodules over the original and the twisted weak Hopf algebra to generalize the result from Oeckl (2000).

  9. Algebraic Groups

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2007-01-01

    The workshop continued a series of Oberwolfach meetings on algebraic groups, started in 1971 by Tonny Springer and Jacques Tits who both attended the present conference. This time, the organizers were Michel Brion, Jens Carsten Jantzen, and Raphaël Rouquier. During the last years, the subject...... of algebraic groups (in a broad sense) has seen important developments in several directions, also related to representation theory and algebraic geometry. The workshop aimed at presenting some of these developments in order to make them accessible to a "general audience" of algebraic group......-theorists, and to stimulate contacts between participants. Each of the first four days was dedicated to one area of research that has recently seen decisive progress: \\begin{itemize} \\item structure and classification of wonderful varieties, \\item finite reductive groups and character sheaves, \\item quantum cohomology...

  10. Deformations of Fell bundles and twisted graph algebras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raeburn, Iain

    2016-11-01

    We consider Fell bundles over discrete groups, and the C*-algebra which is universal for representations of the bundle. We define deformations of Fell bundles, which are new Fell bundles with the same underlying Banach bundle but with the multiplication deformed by a two-cocycle on the group. Every graph algebra can be viewed as the C*-algebra of a Fell bundle, and there are are many cocycles of interest with which to deform them. We thus obtain many of the twisted graph algebras of Kumjian, Pask and Sims. We demonstate the utility of our approach to these twisted graph algebras by proving that the deformations associated to different cocycles can be assembled as the fibres of a C*-bundle.

  11. Generalized Weyl modules for twisted current algebras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Makedonskyi, I. A.; Feigin, E. B.

    2017-08-01

    We introduce the notion of generalized Weyl modules for twisted current algebras. We study their representation-theoretic and combinatorial properties and also their connection with nonsymmetric Macdonald polynomials. As an application, we compute the dimension of the classical Weyl modules in the remaining unknown case.

  12. Twisted Hamiltonian Lie Algebras and Their Multiplicity-Free Representations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ling CHEN

    2011-01-01

    We construct a class of new Lie algebras by generalizing the one-variable Lie algebras generated by the quadratic conformal algebras (or corresponding Hamiltonian operators) associated with Poisson algebras and a quasi-derivation found by Xu. These algebras can be viewed as certain twists of Xu's generalized Hamiltonian Lie algebras. The simplicity of these algebras is completely determined. Moreover, we construct a family of multiplicity-free representations of these Lie algebras and prove their irreducibility.

  13. Finite-dimensional representations of twisted hyper loop algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Bianchi, Angelo

    2012-01-01

    We investigate the category of finite-dimensional representations of twisted hyper loop algebras, i.e., the hyperalgebras associated to twisted loop algebras over finite-dimensional simple Lie algebras. The main results are the classification of the irreducible modules, the definition of the universal highest-weight modules, called the Weyl modules, and, under a certain mild restriction on the characteristic of the ground field, a proof that the simple modules and the Weyl modules for the twisted hyper loop algebras are isomorphic to appropriate simple and Weyl modules for the non-twisted hyper loop algebras, respectively, via restriction of the action.

  14. A twisted generalization of Lie-Yamaguti algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Gaparayi, Donatien

    2010-01-01

    A twisted generalization of Lie-Yamaguti algebras, called Hom-Lie-Yamaguti algebras, is defined. Hom-Lie-Yamaguti algebras generalize Hom-Lie triple systems (and susequently ternary Hom-Nambu algebras) and Hom-Lie algebras in the same way as Lie-Yamaguti algebras generalize Lie triple systems and Lie algebras. It is shown that the category of Hom-Lie-Yamaguti algebras is closed under twisting by self-morphisms. Constructions of Hom-Lie-Yamaguti algebras from classical Lie-Yamaguti algebras and Malcev algebras are given. It is observed that, when the ternary operation of a Hom-Lie-Yamaguti algebra expresses through its binary one in a specific way, then such a Hom-Lie-Yamaguti algebra is a Hom-Malcev algebra.

  15. Twist deformations leading to kappa-Poincare Hopf algebra and their application to physics

    CERN Document Server

    Jurić, Tajron; Samsarov, Andjelo

    2016-01-01

    We consider two twist operators that lead to kappa-Poincare Hopf algebra, the first being an Abelian one and the second corresponding to a light-like kappa-deformation of Poincare algebra. The advantage of the second one is that it is expressed solely in terms of Poincare generators. In contrast to this, the Abelian twist goes out of the boundaries of Poincare algebra and runs into envelope of the general linear algebra. Some of the physical applications of these two different twist operators are considered. In particular, we use the Abelian twist to construct the statistics flip operator compatible with the action of deformed symmetry group. Furthermore, we use the light-like twist operator to define a star product and subsequently to formulate a free scalar field theory compatible with kappa-Poincare Hopf algebra and appropriate for considering the interacting phi^4 scalar field model on kappa-deformed space.

  16. Noncommutative fields and actions of twisted Poincaré algebra

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaichian, M.; Kulish, P. P.; Tureanu, A.; Zhang, R. B.; Zhang, Xiao

    2008-04-01

    Within the context of the twisted Poincaré algebra, there exists no noncommutative analog of the Minkowski space interpreted as the homogeneous space of the Poincaré group quotiented by the Lorentz group. The usual definition of commutative classical fields as sections of associated vector bundles on the homogeneous space does not generalize to the noncommutative setting, and the twisted Poincaré algebra does not act on noncommutative fields in a canonical way. We make a tentative proposal for the definition of noncommutative classical fields of any spin over the Moyal space, which has the desired representation theoretical properties. We also suggest a way to search for noncommutative Minkowski spaces suitable for studying noncommutative field theory with deformed Poincaré symmetries.

  17. Noncommutative fields and actions of twisted Poincare algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Chaichian, M; Tureanu, A; Zhang, R B; Zhang, Xiao

    2007-01-01

    Within the context of the twisted Poincar\\'e algebra, there exists no noncommutative analogue of the Minkowski space interpreted as the homogeneous space of the Poincar\\'e group quotiented by the Lorentz group. The usual definition of commutative classical fields as sections of associated vector bundles on the homogeneous space does not generalise to the noncommutative setting, and the twisted Poincar\\'e algebra does not act on noncommutative fields in a canonical way. We make a tentative proposal for the definition of noncommutative classical fields of any spin over the Moyal space, which has the desired representation theoretical properties. We also suggest a way to search for noncommutative Minkowski spaces suitable for studying noncommutative field theory with deformed Poincar\\'e symmetries.

  18. On Twisting Real Spectral Triples by Algebra Automorphisms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landi, Giovanni; Martinetti, Pierre

    2016-11-01

    We systematically investigate ways to twist a real spectral triple via an algebra automorphism and in particular, we naturally define a twisted partner for any real graded spectral triple. Among other things, we investigate consequences of the twisting on the fluctuations of the metric and possible applications to the spectral approach to the Standard Model of particle physics.

  19. On Twisting Real Spectral Triples by Algebra Automorphisms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landi, Giovanni; Martinetti, Pierre

    2016-08-01

    We systematically investigate ways to twist a real spectral triple via an algebra automorphism and in particular, we naturally define a twisted partner for any real graded spectral triple. Among other things, we investigate consequences of the twisting on the fluctuations of the metric and possible applications to the spectral approach to the Standard Model of particle physics.

  20. Noncommutative geometry in string and twisted Hopf algebra of diffeomorphism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watamura, Satoshi

    2011-09-01

    We discuss the Hopf algebra structure in string theory and present the twist quantization as a unified formulation of the world sheet quantization of the string and the symmetry of the target spacetime. Applying it to the case with a nonzero B-field background, we explain a method to decompose the twist into two successive twists. There are two different possibilities of decomposition: The first is a natural decomposition from the viewpoint of the twist quantization, leading to a new type of twisted Poincaré symmetry. The second decomposition reveals the relation of our formulation to the twisted Poincaré symmetry on the Moyal type noncommutative space.

  1. Wigner oscillators, twisted Hopf algebras and second quantization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Castro, P.G.; Toppan, F. [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas (CBPF), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)]. E-mails: pgcastro@cbpf.br; toppan@cbpf.br; Chakraborty, B. [S. N. Bose National Center for Basic Sciences, Kolkata (India)]. E-mail: biswajit@bose.res.in

    2008-07-01

    By correctly identifying the role of central extension in the centrally extended Heisenberg algebra h, we show that it is indeed possible to construct a Hopf algebraic structure on the corresponding enveloping algebra U(h) and eventually deform it through Drinfeld twist. This Hopf algebraic structure and its deformed version U{sup F}(h) is shown to be induced from a more 'fundamental' Hopf algebra obtained from the Schroedinger field/oscillator algebra and its deformed version, provided that the fields/oscillators are regarded as odd-elements of a given superalgebra. We also discuss the possible implications in the context of quantum statistics. (author)

  2. The Kostant partition functions for twisted Kac-Moody algebras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ranabir Chakrabarti

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Employing the method of generating functions and making use of some infinite product identities like Euler, Jacobi's triple product and pentagon identities we derive recursion relations for Kostant's partition functions for the twisted Kac-Moody algebras.

  3. The Kostant partition functions for twisted Kac-Moody algebras

    OpenAIRE

    Ranabir Chakrabarti; Santhanam, Thalanayar S.

    2000-01-01

    Employing the method of generating functions and making use of some infinite product identities like Euler, Jacobi's triple product and pentagon identities we derive recursion relations for Kostant's partition functions for the twisted Kac-Moody algebras.

  4. Generalized Rogers-Ramanujan identities for twisted affine algebras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Genish, Arel; Gepner, Doron

    2017-07-01

    The characters of parafermionic conformal field theories are given by the string functions of affine algebras, which are either twisted or untwisted algebras. Expressions for these characters as generalized Rogers-Ramanujan algebras have been established for the untwisted affine algebras. However, we study the identities for the string functions of the twisted affine Lie algebras. A conjecture for the string functions was proposed by Hatayama et al., for the unit fields, which expresses the string functions as Rogers-Ramanujan type sums. Here we propose to check the Hatayama et al. conjecture, using Lie algebraic theoretic methods. We use Freudenthal’s formula, which we computerized, to verify the identities for all the algebras at low rank and low level. We find complete agreement with the conjecture.

  5. The Algebra of Formal Twisted Pseudodifferential Symbols and a Noncommutative Residue

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zadeh, Farzad Fathi; Khalkhali, Masoud

    2010-10-01

    Motivated by Connes-Moscovici’s notion of a twisted spectral triple, we define an algebra of formal twisted pseudodifferential symbols with respect to a twisting of the base algebra. We extend the Adler-Manin trace and the logarithmic cocycle on the algebra of pseudodifferential symbols to our twisted setting. We also give a general method to construct twisted pseudodifferential symbols on crossed product algebras.

  6. Linear algebraic groups

    CERN Document Server

    Springer, T A

    1998-01-01

    "[The first] ten chapters...are an efficient, accessible, and self-contained introduction to affine algebraic groups over an algebraically closed field. The author includes exercises and the book is certainly usable by graduate students as a text or for self-study...the author [has a] student-friendly style… [The following] seven chapters... would also be a good introduction to rationality issues for algebraic groups. A number of results from the literature…appear for the first time in a text." –Mathematical Reviews (Review of the Second Edition) "This book is a completely new version of the first edition. The aim of the old book was to present the theory of linear algebraic groups over an algebraically closed field. Reading that book, many people entered the research field of linear algebraic groups. The present book has a wider scope. Its aim is to treat the theory of linear algebraic groups over arbitrary fields. Again, the author keeps the treatment of prerequisites self-contained. The material of t...

  7. Twisted Conformal Algebra and Quantum Statistics of Harmonic Oscillators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Naji

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We consider noncommutative two-dimensional quantum harmonic oscillators and extend them to the case of twisted algebra. We obtained modified raising and lowering operators. Also we study statistical mechanics and thermodynamics and calculated partition function which yields the free energy of the system.

  8. Semisimple Metacyclic Group Algebras

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Gurmeet K Bakshi; Shalini Gupta; Inder Bir S Passi

    2011-11-01

    Given a group of order $p_1p_2$, where $p_1,p_2$ are primes, and $\\mathbb{F}_q$, a finite field of order coprime to $p_1p_2$, the object of this paper is to compute a complete set of primitive central idempotents of the semisimple group algebra $\\mathbb{F}_q[G]$. As a consequence, we obtain the structure of $\\mathbb{F}_q[G]$ and its group of automorphisms.

  9. Twisted conjugacy in braid groups

    CERN Document Server

    González-Meneses, Juan

    2011-01-01

    In this note we solve the twisted conjugacy problem for braid groups, i.e. we propose an algorithm which, given two braids $u,v\\in B_n$ and an automorphism $\\phi \\in Aut (B_n)$, decides whether $v=(\\phi (x))^{-1}ux$ for some $x\\in B_n$. As a corollary, we deduce that each group of the form $B_n \\rtimes H$, a semidirect product of the braid group $B_n$ by a torsion-free hyperbolic group $H$, has solvable conjugacy problem.

  10. Noetherianity of some degree two twisted skew-commutative algebras

    OpenAIRE

    Nagpal, Rohit; Sam, Steven V; Snowden, Andrew

    2016-01-01

    A major open problem in the theory of twisted commutative algebras (tca's) is proving noetherianity of finitely generated tca's. For bounded tca's this is easy, in the unbounded case, noetherianity is only known for Sym(Sym^2(C^\\infty)) and Sym(\\wedge^2(C^\\infty)). In this paper, we establish noetherianity for the skew-commutative versions of these two algebras, namely \\wedge(Sym^2(C^\\infty)) and \\wedge(\\wedge^2(C^\\infty)). The result depends on work of Serganova on the representation theory ...

  11. Automorphism groups of pointed Hopf algebras

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Shilin

    2007-01-01

    The group of Hopf algebra automorphisms for a finite-dimensional semisimple cosemisimple Hopf algebra over a field k was considered by Radford and Waterhouse. In this paper, the groups of Hopf algebra automorphisms for two classes of pointed Hopf algebras are determined. Note that the Hopf algebras we consider are not semisimple Hopf algebras.

  12. κ-Poincaré–Hopf algebra and Hopf algebroid structure of phase space from twist

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jurić, Tajron, E-mail: Tajron.Juric@irb.hr [Rudjer Bošković Institute, Bijenička c.54, HR-10002 Zagreb (Croatia); Meljanac, Stjepan, E-mail: meljanac@irb.hr [Rudjer Bošković Institute, Bijenička c.54, HR-10002 Zagreb (Croatia); Štrajn, Rina, E-mail: r.strajn@jacobs-university.de [Jacobs University Bremen, 28759 Bremen (Germany)

    2013-11-15

    We unify κ-Poincaré algebra and κ-Minkowski spacetime by embedding them into quantum phase space. The quantum phase space has Hopf algebroid structure to which we apply the twist in order to get κ-deformed Hopf algebroid structure and κ-deformed Heisenberg algebra. We explicitly construct κ-Poincaré–Hopf algebra and κ-Minkowski spacetime from twist. It is outlined how this construction can be extended to κ-deformed super-algebra including exterior derivative and forms. Our results are relevant for constructing physical theories on noncommutative spacetime by twisting Hopf algebroid phase space structure.

  13. An introduction to algebraic geometry and algebraic groups

    CERN Document Server

    Geck, Meinolf

    2003-01-01

    An accessible text introducing algebraic geometries and algebraic groups at advanced undergraduate and early graduate level, this book develops the language of algebraic geometry from scratch and uses it to set up the theory of affine algebraic groups from first principles.Building on the background material from algebraic geometry and algebraic groups, the text provides an introduction to more advanced and specialised material. An example is the representation theory of finite groups of Lie type.The text covers the conjugacy of Borel subgroups and maximal tori, the theory of algebraic groups

  14. Construction of complete generalized algebraic groups

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG; Dengyin

    2005-01-01

    With one exception, the holomorph of a finite dimensional abelian connectedalgebraic group is shown to be a complete generalized algebraic group. This result on algebraic group is an analogy to that on Lie algebra.

  15. Charged Magnetic Brane Correlators and Twisted Virasoro Algebras

    CERN Document Server

    D'Hoker, Eric

    2011-01-01

    Prior work using gauge/gravity duality has established the existence of a quantum critical point in the phase diagram of 3+1-dimensional gauge theories at finite charge density and background magnetic field. The critical theory, obtained by tuning the dimensionless charge density to magnetic field ratio, exhibits nontrivial scaling in its thermodynamic properties, and an associated nontrivial dynamical critical exponent. In the present work, we analytically compute low energy correlation functions in the background of the charged magnetic brane solution to 4+1-dimensional Einstein-Maxwell-Chern-Simons theory, which represents the bulk description of the critical point. Results are obtained for neutral scalar operators, the stress tensor, and the U(1)-current. The theory is found to exhibit a twisted Virasoro algebra, constructed from a linear combination of the original stress tensor and chiral U(1)-current. The effective speed of light in the IR is renormalized downward for one chirality, but not the other, ...

  16. Bicrossproducts of algebraic quantum groups

    CERN Document Server

    Delvaux, Lydia; Wang, Shuanhong

    2012-01-01

    Let $A$ and $B$ be two algebraic quantum groups (i.e. multiplier Hopf algebras with integrals). Assume that $B$ is a right $A$-module algebra and that $A$ is a left $B$-comodule coalgebra. If the action and coaction are matched, it is possible to define a coproduct $\\Delta_#$ on the smash product $A # B$ making the pair $(A # B,\\Delta_#)$ into an algebraic quantum group. In this paper, we continue the study of these objects. First, we study the various data of the bicrossproduct $A # B$, such as the modular automorphisms, the modular elements, ... and obtain formulas in terms of the data of the components $A$ and $B$. Secondly, we look at the dual of $A # B$ (in the sense of algebraic quantum groups) and we show it is itself a bicrossproduct (of the second type) of the duals $\\hatA$ and $\\hatB$. The result is immediate for finite-dimensional Hopf algebras and therefore it is expected also for algebraic quantum groups. However, it turns out that some aspects involve a careful argument, mainly due to the fact t...

  17. Realizations of $\\kappa$-Minkowski space, Drinfeld twists and related symmetry algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Juric, Tajron; Pikutic, Danijel

    2015-01-01

    Realizations of $\\kappa$-Minkowski space linear in momenta are studied for time-, space- and light-like deformations. We construct and classify all such linear realizations and express them in terms of $\\mathfrak{gl}(n)$ generators. There are three one-parameter families of linear realizations for time-like and space-like deformations, while for light-like deformations, there are only four linear realizations. The relation between deformed Heisenberg algebra, star product, coproduct of momenta and twist operator is presented. It is proved that for each linear realization there exists Drinfeld twist satisfying normalization and cocycle conditions. $\\kappa$-deformed $\\mathfrak{igl}(n)$-Hopf algebras are presented for all cases. The $\\kappa$-Poincar\\'e-Weyl and $\\kappa$-Poincar\\'e-Hopf algebras are discussed. Left-right dual $\\kappa$-Minkowski algebra is constructed from the transposed twists. The corresponding realizations are nonlinear. All known Drinfeld twists related to $\\kappa$-Minkowski space are obtained...

  18. The fundamental group of an algebraic curve

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jong, Johan de; Oort, F.

    2001-01-01

    Seminar on Algebraic Geometry, MIT 2002 In this seminar we study geometric properties of algebraic curves, or of Riemann surfaces. with the help of an algebraic object attached: the fundamental group, either the algebraic fundamental group, as introduced by Grothendieck, or the topological fundamen

  19. Singular dimensions of the N=2 superconformal algebras; 2, the twisted N=2 algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Dörrzapf, M; Doerrzapf, Matthias; Gato-Rivera, Beatriz

    1999-01-01

    We introduce a suitable adapted ordering for the twisted N=2 superconformal algebra (i.e. with mixed boundary conditions for the fermionic fields). We show that the ordering kernels for complete Verma modules have two elements and the ordering kernels for G-closed Verma modules just one. Therefore, spaces of singular vectors may be two-dimensional for complete Verma modules whilst for G-closed Verma modules they can only be one-dimensional. We give all singular vectors for the levels 1/2, 1, and 3/2 for both complete Verma modules and G-closed Verma modules. We also give explicit examples of degenerate cases with two-dimensional singular vector spaces in complete Verma modules. General expressions are conjectured for the relevant terms of all (primitive) singular vectors, i.e. for the coefficients with respect to the ordering kernel. These expressions allow to identify all degenerate cases as well as all G-closed singular vectors. They also lead to the discovery of subsingular vectors for the twisted N=2 supe...

  20. LOCAL AUTOMORPHISMS OF SEMISIMPLE ALGEBRAS AND GROUP ALGEBRAS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Dengyin; Guan Qi; Zhan9 Dongju

    2011-01-01

    Let F be a field of characteristic not 2,and let A be a finite-dimensional semisimple F-algebra.All local automorphisms of A are characterized when all the degrees of A are larger than 1.If F is further assumed to be an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero,K a finite group,FK the group algebra of K over F,then all local automorphisms of FK are also characterized.

  1. Representations of fundamental groups of algebraic varieties

    CERN Document Server

    Zuo, Kang

    1999-01-01

    Using harmonic maps, non-linear PDE and techniques from algebraic geometry this book enables the reader to study the relation between fundamental groups and algebraic geometry invariants of algebraic varieties. The reader should have a basic knowledge of algebraic geometry and non-linear analysis. This book can form the basis for graduate level seminars in the area of topology of algebraic varieties. It also contains present new techniques for researchers working in this area.

  2. Universal C*-algebraic quantum groups arising from algebraic quantum groups

    CERN Document Server

    Kustermans, J

    1997-01-01

    In this paper, we construct a universal C*-algebraic quantum group out of an algebraic one. We show that this universal C*-algebraic quantum group has the same rich structure as its reduced companion. This universal C*-algebraic quantum group also satifies an upcoming definition of Masuda, Nakagami & Woronowicz except for the possible non-faithfulness of the left Haar weight.

  3. Harmonic functions on groups and Fourier algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Chu, Cho-Ho

    2002-01-01

    This research monograph introduces some new aspects to the theory of harmonic functions and related topics. The authors study the analytic algebraic structures of the space of bounded harmonic functions on locally compact groups and its non-commutative analogue, the space of harmonic functionals on Fourier algebras. Both spaces are shown to be the range of a contractive projection on a von Neumann algebra and therefore admit Jordan algebraic structures. This provides a natural setting to apply recent results from non-associative analysis, semigroups and Fourier algebras. Topics discussed include Poisson representations, Poisson spaces, quotients of Fourier algebras and the Murray-von Neumann classification of harmonic functionals.

  4. Representation Theory of Algebraic Groups and Quantum Groups

    CERN Document Server

    Gyoja, A; Shinoda, K-I; Shoji, T; Tanisaki, Toshiyuki

    2010-01-01

    Invited articles by top notch expertsFocus is on topics in representation theory of algebraic groups and quantum groupsOf interest to graduate students and researchers in representation theory, group theory, algebraic geometry, quantum theory and math physics

  5. Realizations of κ-Minkowski space, Drinfeld twists, and related symmetry algebras

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Juric, Tajron; Meljanac, Stjepan; Pikutic, Danijel [Ruder Boskovic Institute, Theoretical Physics Division, Zagreb (Croatia)

    2015-11-15

    Realizations of κ-Minkowski space linear in momenta are studied for time-, space- and light-like deformations. We construct and classify all such linear realizations and express them in terms of the gl(n) generators. There are three one-parameter families of linear realizations for timelike and space-like deformations, while for light-like deformations, there are only four linear realizations. The relation between a deformed Heisenberg algebra, the star product, the coproduct of momenta, and the twist operator is presented. It is proved that for each linear realization there exists a Drinfeld twist satisfying normalization and cocycle conditions. κ-Deformed igl(n)-Hopf algebras are presented for all cases. The κ-Poincare-Weyl and κ-Poincare-Hopf algebras are discussed. The left-right dual κ-Minkowski algebra is constructed from the transposed twists. The corresponding realizations are nonlinear. All Drinfeld twists related to κ-Minkowski space are obtained from our construction. Finally, some physical applications are discussed. (orig.)

  6. Actions and invariants of algebraic groups

    CERN Document Server

    Ferrer Santos, Walter

    2005-01-01

    Actions and Invariants of Algebraic Groups presents a self-contained introduction to geometric invariant theory that links the basic theory of affine algebraic groups to Mumford''s more sophisticated theory. The authors systematically exploit the viewpoint of Hopf algebra theory and the theory of comodules to simplify and compactify many of the relevant formulas and proofs.The first two chapters introduce the subject and review the prerequisites in commutative algebra, algebraic geometry, and the theory of semisimple Lie algebras over fields of characteristic zero. The authors'' early presentation of the concepts of actions and quotients helps to clarify the subsequent material, particularly in the study of homogeneous spaces. This study includes a detailed treatment of the quasi-affine and affine cases and the corresponding concepts of observable and exact subgroups.Among the many other topics discussed are Hilbert''s 14th problem, complete with examples and counterexamples, and Mumford''s results on quotien...

  7. Lie groups and Lie algebras for physicists

    CERN Document Server

    Das, Ashok

    2015-01-01

    The book is intended for graduate students of theoretical physics (with a background in quantum mechanics) as well as researchers interested in applications of Lie group theory and Lie algebras in physics. The emphasis is on the inter-relations of representation theories of Lie groups and the corresponding Lie algebras.

  8. Coxeter groups and Hopf algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Aguiar, Marcelo

    2011-01-01

    An important idea in the work of G.-C. Rota is that certain combinatorial objects give rise to Hopf algebras that reflect the manner in which these objects compose and decompose. Recent work has seen the emergence of several interesting Hopf algebras of this kind, which connect diverse subjects such as combinatorics, algebra, geometry, and theoretical physics. This monograph presents a novel geometric approach using Coxeter complexes and the projection maps of Tits for constructing and studying many of these objects as well as new ones. The first three chapters introduce the necessary backgrou

  9. Birman-Murakami-Wenzl algebras for general Coxeter groups

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, Zhi

    2012-01-01

    We introduce a BMW type algebra for every Coxeter group. These new algebras are introduced as deformations of the Brauer type algebras introduced by the author, they have the corresponding Hecke algebras as quotients.

  10. Topological twist of osp(2|2) + osp(2|2) conformal super algebra in two dimensions

    CERN Document Server

    Ano, N

    1995-01-01

    A Lagrangian of the topological field theory is found in the twisted osp(2|2)\\oplus osp(2|2)conformal super algebra. The reduction on a moduli space is then elaborated through the vanishing Noether current.

  11. Algebra 1 groups, rings, fields and arithmetic

    CERN Document Server

    Lal, Ramji

    2017-01-01

    This is the first in a series of three volumes dealing with important topics in algebra. It offers an introduction to the foundations of mathematics together with the fundamental algebraic structures, namely groups, rings, fields, and arithmetic. Intended as a text for undergraduate and graduate students of mathematics, it discusses all major topics in algebra with numerous motivating illustrations and exercises to enable readers to acquire a good understanding of the basic algebraic structures, which they can then use to find the exact or the most realistic solutions to their problems.

  12. Noncommutative oscillators from a Hopf algebra twist deformation. A first principles derivation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castro, P. G.; Chakraborty, B.; Kullock, R.; Toppan, F.

    2011-03-01

    Noncommutative oscillators are first-quantized through an abelian Drinfel'd twist deformation of a Hopf algebra and its action on a module. Several important and subtle issues making the quantization possible are solved. The spectrum of the single-particle Hamiltonians is computed. The multiparticle Hamiltonians are fixed, unambiguously, by the Hopf algebra coproduct. The symmetry under particle exchange is guaranteed. In d = 2 dimensions the rotational invariance is preserved, while in d = 3 the so(3) rotational invariance is broken down to an so(2) invariance.

  13. Noncommutative oscillators from a Hopf algebra twist deformation. A first principles derivation

    CERN Document Server

    Castro, P G; Kullock, R; Toppan, F

    2010-01-01

    Noncommutative oscillators are first-quantized through an abelian Drinfel'd twist deformation of a Hopf algebra and its action on a module. Several important and subtle issues making possible the quantization are solved. The spectrum of the single-particle Hamiltonians is computed. The multi-particle Hamiltonians are fixed, unambiguously, by the Hopf algebra coproduct. The symmetry under particle exchange is guaranteed. In d=2 dimensions the rotational invariance is preserved, while in d=3 the so(3) rotational invariance is broken down to an so(2) invariance.

  14. The analytic structure of an algebraic quantum group

    CERN Document Server

    Kustermans, J

    1997-01-01

    A. Van Daele introduced and investigated so-called algebraic quantum groups. We proved that such algebraic quantum groups give rise to C*-algebraic quantum groups in the sense of Masuda, Nakagami & Woronowicz. We prove in this paper that the analytic structure of these C*-algebraic quantum groups can be pulled down to the algebraic quantum group.

  15. Geometry of Quantum Group Twists, Multidimensional Jackson Calculus and Regularization

    OpenAIRE

    Demichev, A. P.

    1995-01-01

    We show that R-matricies of all simple quantum groups have the properties which permit to present quantum group twists as transitions to other coordinate frames on quantum spaces. This implies physical equivalence of field theories invariant with respect to q-groups (considered as q-deformed space-time groups of transformations) connected with each other by the twists. Taking into account this freedom we study quantum spaces of the special type: with commuting coordinates but with q-deformed ...

  16. Linear algebra and group theory for physicists

    CERN Document Server

    Rao, K N Srinivasa

    2006-01-01

    Professor Srinivasa Rao's text on Linear Algebra and Group Theory is directed to undergraduate and graduate students who wish to acquire a solid theoretical foundation in these mathematical topics which find extensive use in physics. Based on courses delivered during Professor Srinivasa Rao's long career at the University of Mysore, this text is remarkable for its clear exposition of the subject. Advanced students will find a range of topics such as the Representation theory of Linear Associative Algebras, a complete analysis of Dirac and Kemmer algebras, Representations of the Symmetric group via Young Tableaux, a systematic derivation of the Crystallographic point groups, a comprehensive and unified discussion of the Rotation and Lorentz groups and their representations, and an introduction to Dynkin diagrams in the classification of Lie groups. In addition, the first few chapters on Elementary Group Theory and Vector Spaces also provide useful instructional material even at an introductory level. An author...

  17. Representations of Knot Groups and Twisted Alexander Polynomials

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiao Song LIN

    2001-01-01

    We present a twisted version of the Alexander polynomial associated with a matrix representation of the knot group. Examples of two knots with the same Alexander module but differenttwisted Alexander polynomials are given.

  18. Hyperbolic Unit Groups and Quaternion Algebras

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    S O Juriaans; I B S Passi; A C Souza Filho

    2009-02-01

    We classify the quadratic extensions $K=\\mathbb{Q}[\\sqrt{d}]$ and the finite groups for which the group ring $\\mathfrak{o}_K[G]$ of over the ring $\\mathfrak{o}_K$ of integers of has the property that the group $\\mathcal{U}_1(\\mathfrak{o}_K[G])$ of units of augmentation 1 is hyperbolic. We also construct units in the $\\mathbb{Z}$-order $\\mathcal{H}(\\mathfrak{o}_K)$ of the quaternion algebra $\\mathcal{H}(K)=\\left\\frac{-1,-1}{k}(\\right)$, when it is a division algebra.

  19. Homology for higher-rank graphs and twisted C*-algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Kumjian, Alex; Sims, Aidan

    2011-01-01

    We introduce a homology theory for k-graphs and explore its fundamental properties. We establish connections with algebraic topology by showing that the homology of a k-graph coincides with the homology of its topological realisation as described by Kaliszewski et al. We exhibit combinatorial versions of a number of standard topological constructions, and show that they are compatible, from a homological point of view, with their topological counterparts. We show how to twist the C*-algebra of a k-graph by a T-valued 2-cocycle and demonstrate that examples include all noncommutative tori. In the appendices, we construct a cubical set \\tilde{Q}(\\Lambda) from a k-graph {\\Lambda} and demonstrate that the homology and topological realisation of {\\Lambda} coincide with those of \\tilde{Q}(\\Lambda) as defined by Grandis.

  20. Algebra 2 linear algebra, Galois theory, representation theory, group extensions and Schur multiplier

    CERN Document Server

    Lal, Ramji

    2017-01-01

    This is the second in a series of three volumes dealing with important topics in algebra. Volume 2 is an introduction to linear algebra (including linear algebra over rings), Galois theory, representation theory, and the theory of group extensions. The section on linear algebra (chapters 1–5) does not require any background material from Algebra 1, except an understanding of set theory. Linear algebra is the most applicable branch of mathematics, and it is essential for students of science and engineering As such, the text can be used for one-semester courses for these students. The remaining part of the volume discusses Jordan and rational forms, general linear algebra (linear algebra over rings), Galois theory, representation theory (linear algebra over group algebras), and the theory of extension of groups follow linear algebra, and is suitable as a text for the second and third year students specializing in mathematics. .

  1. Group dualities, T-dualities, and twisted K-theory

    CERN Document Server

    Mathai, Varghese

    2016-01-01

    This paper explores further the connection between Langlands duality and T-duality for compact simple Lie groups, which appeared in work of Daenzer-Van Erp and Bunke-Nikolaus. We show that Langlands duality gives rise to isomorphisms of twisted K-groups, but that these K-groups are trivial except in the simplest case of SU(2) and SO(3). Along the way we compute explicitly the map on $H^3$ induced by a covering of compact simple Lie groups, which is either 1 or 2 depending in a complicated way on the type of the groups involved. We also give a new method for computing twisted K-theory using the Segal spectral sequence, giving simpler computations of certain twisted K-theory groups of compact Lie groups relevant for D-brane charges in WZW theories and rank-level dualities. Finally we study a duality for orientifolds based on complex Lie groups with an involution.

  2. The Weyl group of the Cuntz algebra

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Conti, Roberto; Hong, Jeong Hee; Szymanski, Wojciech

    2012-01-01

    The Weyl group of the Cuntz algebra O_n is investigated. This is (isomorphic to) the group of polynomial automorphisms lambda_u of O_n, namely those induced by unitaries u that can be written as finite sums of words in the canonical generating isometries S_i and their adjoints. A necessary...

  3. Sum formulas for reductive algebraic groups

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2008-01-01

    Let $V$ be a Weyl module either for a reductive algebraic group $G$ or for the corresponding quantum group $U_q$. If $G$ is defined over a field of positive characteristic $p$, respectively if $q$ is a primitive $l$'th root of unity (in an arbitrary field) then $V$ has a Jantzen filtration $V=V^0...

  4. Dehn twists and free subgroups of symplectic mapping class groups

    CERN Document Server

    Keating, Ailsa

    2012-01-01

    Given two Lagrangian spheres in an exact symplectic manifold, we find conditions under which the Dehn twists about them generate a free non-abelian subgroup of the symplectic mapping class group. This extends a result of Ishida for Riemann surfaces. The proof generalises the categorical version of Seidel's long exact sequence to arbitrary powers of a fixed Dehn twist. We also show that the Milnor fibre of any isolated degenerate hypersurface singularity contains such pairs of spheres.

  5. Classification of Irreducible Weight Modules with a Finite-dimensional Weight Space over Twisted Heisenberg-Virasoro Algebra

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ran SHEN; Yu Cai SU

    2007-01-01

    We show that the support of an irreducible weight module over the twisted Heisenberg-Virasoro algebra, which has an infinite-dimensional weight space, coincides with the weight lattice and that all nontrivial weight spaces of such a module are infinite dimensional. As a corollary, we obtain that every irreducible weight module over the twisted Heisenberg-Virasoro algebra, having a nontrivial finite-dimensional weight space, is a Harish-Chandra module (and hence is either an irreducible highest or lowest weight module or an irreducible module from the intermediate series).

  6. Bounds for Bilinear Complexity of Noncommutative Group Algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Pospelov, Alexey

    2010-01-01

    We study the complexity of multiplication in noncommutative group algebras which is closely related to the complexity of matrix multiplication. We characterize such semisimple group algebras of the minimal bilinear complexity and show nontrivial lower bounds for the rest of the group algebras. These lower bounds are built on the top of Bl\\"aser's results for semisimple algebras and algebras with large radical and the lower bound for arbitrary associative algebras due to Alder and Strassen. We also show subquadratic upper bounds for all group algebras turning into "almost linear" provided the exponent of matrix multiplication equals 2.

  7. Factorizing twists and R-matrices for representations of the quantum affine algebra U_q(\\hat sl_2)

    OpenAIRE

    Pfeiffer, Hendryk

    2000-01-01

    We calculate factorizing twists in evaluation representations of the quantum affine algebra U_q(\\hat sl_2). From the factorizing twists we derive a representation independent expression of the R-matrices of U_q(\\hat sl_2). Comparing with the corresponding quantities for the Yangian Y(sl_2), it is shown that the U_q(\\hat sl_2) results can be obtained by `replacing numbers by q-numbers'. Conversely, the limit q -> 1 exists in representations of U_q(\\hat sl_2) and both the factorizing twists and...

  8. The logical quantization of algebraic groups

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nishimura, Hirokazu

    1995-05-01

    In a previous paper we introduced a highly abstract framework within which the theory of manuals initiated by Foulis and Randall is to be developed. The framework enabled us in a subsequent paper to quantize the notion of a set. Following these lines, this paper is devoted to quantizing algebraic groups viewed from Grothendieck's functorial standpoint.

  9. Linear algebra and group theory

    CERN Document Server

    Smirnov, VI

    2011-01-01

    This accessible text by a Soviet mathematician features material not otherwise available to English-language readers. Its three-part treatment covers determinants and systems of equations, matrix theory, and group theory. 1961 edition.

  10. Transformation groups and Lie algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Ibragimov, Nail H

    2013-01-01

    This book is based on the extensive experience of teaching for mathematics, physics and engineering students in Russia, USA, South Africa and Sweden. The author provides students and teachers with an easy to follow textbook spanning a variety of topics. The methods of local Lie groups discussed in the book provide universal and effective method for solving nonlinear differential equations analytically. Introduction to approximate transformation groups also contained in the book helps to develop skills in constructing approximate solutions for differential equations with a small parameter.

  11. Uniform Exponential Growth in Algebras /

    OpenAIRE

    Briggs, Christopher Alan

    2013-01-01

    We consider uniform exponential growth in algebras. We give conditions for the uniform exponential growth of descending-filtered algebras and prove that an N-graded algebra has uniform exponential growth if it has exponential growth. We use this to prove that Golod- Shafarevich algebras and group algebras of Golod- Shafarevich groups have uniform exponential growth. We prove that the twisted Laurent extension of a free commutative polynomial algebra with respect to an endomorphism with some e...

  12. Twisted Conjugacy Classes in Abelian Extensions of Certain Linear Groups

    CERN Document Server

    Mubeena, T

    2011-01-01

    Given an automorphism $\\phi:\\Gamma\\lr \\Gamma$, one has an action of $\\Gamma$ on itself by $\\phi$-twisted conjugacy, namely, $g.x=gx\\phi(g^{-1})$. The orbits of this action are called $\\phi$-twisted conjugacy classes. One says that $\\Gamma$ has the $R_\\infty$-property if there are infinitely many $\\phi$-twisted conjugacy classes for every automorphism $\\phi$ of $\\Gamma$. In this paper we show that $\\SL(n,\\bz)$ and its congruence subgroups have the $R_\\infty$-property. Further we show that any (countable) abelian extension of $\\Gamma$ has the $R_\\infty$-property where $\\Gamma$ is a torsion free non-elementary hyperbolic group, or $\\SL(n,\\bz), \\Sp(2n,\\bz)$ or a principal congruence subgroup of $\\SL(n,\\bz)$ or the fundamental group of a complete Riemannian manifold of constant negative curvature.

  13. Renormalization Hopf algebras and combinatorial groups

    OpenAIRE

    Frabetti, Alessandra

    2008-01-01

    International audience; These are the notes of five lectures given at the Summer School {\\em Geometric and Topological Methods for Quantum Field Theory}, held in Villa de Leyva (Colombia), July 2--20, 2007. The lectures are meant for graduate or almost graduate students in physics or mathematics. They include references, many examples and some exercices. The content is the following. The first lecture is a short introduction to algebraic and proalgebraic groups, based on some examples of grou...

  14. The Jacobson radical of group algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Karpilovsky, G

    1987-01-01

    Let G be a finite group and let F be a field. It is well known that linear representations of G over F can be interpreted as modules over the group algebra FG. Thus the investigation of ring-theoretic structure of the Jacobson radical J(FG) of FG is of fundamental importance. During the last two decades the subject has been pursued by a number of researchers and many interesting results have been obtained. This volume examines these results.The main body of the theory is presented, giving the central ideas, the basic results and the fundamental methods. It is assumed that the reader has had the equivalent of a standard first-year graduate algebra course, thus familiarity with basic ring-theoretic and group-theoretic concepts and an understanding of elementary properties of modules, tensor products and fields. A chapter on algebraic preliminaries is included, providing a survey of topics needed later in the book. There is a fairly large bibliography of works which are either directly relevant to the text or of...

  15. Geometry of quantum group twists, multidimensional Jackson calculus and regularization

    CERN Document Server

    Demichev, A P

    1995-01-01

    We show that R-matricies of all simple quantum groups have the properties which permit to present quantum group twists as transitions to other coordinate frames on quantum spaces. This implies physical equivalence of field theories invariant with respect to q-groups (considered as q-deformed space-time groups of transformations) connected with each other by the twists. Taking into account this freedom we study quantum spaces of the special type: with commuting coordinates but with q-deformed differential calculus and construct GL_r(N) invariant multidimensional Jackson derivatives. We consider a particle and field theory on a two-dimensional q-space of this kind and come to the conclusion that only one (time-like) coordinate proved to be discretized.

  16. Endomorphism Algebras of Tensor Powers of Modules for Quantum Groups

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Therese Søby

    the group algebra of the braid group to the endomorphism algebra of any tensor power of the Weyl module with highest weight 2. We take a first step towards determining the kernel of this map by reformulating well-known results on the semisimplicity of the Birman-Murakami-Wenzl algebra in terms of the order...

  17. Renormalization Hopf algebras and combinatorial groups

    CERN Document Server

    Frabetti, Alessandra

    2008-01-01

    These are the notes of five lectures given at the Summer School {\\em Geometric and Topological Methods for Quantum Field Theory}, held in Villa de Leyva (Colombia), July 2--20, 2007. The lectures are meant for graduate or almost graduate students in physics or mathematics. They include references, many examples and some exercices. The content is the following. The first lecture is a short introduction to algebraic and proalgebraic groups, based on some examples of groups of matrices and groups of formal series, and their Hopf algebras of coordinate functions. The second lecture presents a very condensed review of classical and quantum field theory, from the Lagrangian formalism to the Euler-Lagrange equation and the Dyson-Schwinger equation for Green's functions. It poses the main problem of solving some non-linear differential equations for interacting fields. In the third lecture we explain the perturbative solution of the previous equations, expanded on Feynman graphs, in the simplest case of the scalar $\\...

  18. Renormalization group flows and continual Lie algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Bakas, Ioannis

    2003-01-01

    We study the renormalization group flows of two-dimensional metrics in sigma models and demonstrate that they provide a continual analogue of the Toda field equations based on the infinite dimensional algebra G(d/dt;1). The resulting Toda field equation is a non-linear generalization of the heat equation, which is integrable in target space and shares the same dissipative properties in time. We provide the general solution of the renormalization group flows in terms of free fields, via Backlund transformations, and present some simple examples that illustrate the validity of their formal power series expansion in terms of algebraic data. We study in detail the sausage model that arises as geometric deformation of the O(3) sigma model, and give a new interpretation to its ultra-violet limit by gluing together two copies of Witten's two-dimensional black hole in the asymptotic region. We also provide some new solutions that describe the renormalization group flow of negatively curved spaces in different patches...

  19. Algebraic Ricci Solitons of three-dimensional Lorentzian Lie groups

    CERN Document Server

    Batat, Wafaa

    2011-01-01

    We classify Algebraic Ricci Solitons of three-dimensional Lorentzian Lie groups. All algebraic Ricci solitons that we obtain are sol-solitons. In particular, we prove that, contrary to the Riemannian case, Lorentzian Ricci solitons need not to be algebraic Ricci solitons.

  20. Fourier theory and C∗-algebras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bédos, Erik; Conti, Roberto

    2016-07-01

    We discuss a number of results concerning the Fourier series of elements in reduced twisted group C∗-algebras of discrete groups, and, more generally, in reduced crossed products associated to twisted actions of discrete groups on unital C∗-algebras. A major part of the article gives a review of our previous work on this topic, but some new results are also included.

  1. Graded automorphism group of TKK algebra

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YE CongFeng; TAN ShaoBin

    2008-01-01

    The Classification of extended affine Lie algebras of type A1 depends on the Tits-Kantor-Koecher (TKK) algebras constructed from semilattices of Euclidean spaces. One can define a unitary Jordan algebra J(S) from a semilattice S of R (ν≥1), and then construct an extended affine Lie algebra of type A1 from the TKK algebra T(J(S)) which is obtained from the Jordan algebra J(S) by the so-called Tits-Kantor-Koecher construction. In R2 there are only two non-similar semilattices S and S', where S is a lattice and S' is a non-lattice semilattice. In this paper we study the Z2-graded automorphisms of the TKK algebra T(J(S)).

  2. Graded automorphism group of TKK algebra

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The classification of extended affine Lie algebras of type A1 depends on the Tits-Kantor- Koecher (TKK) algebras constructed from semilattices of Euclidean spaces.One can define a unitary Jordan algebra J(S) from a semilattice S of Rv (v≥1),and then construct an extended affine Lie algebra of type A1 from the TKK algebra T(J(S)) which is obtained from the Jordan algebra J(S) by the so-called Tits-Kantor-Koecher construction.In R2 there are only two non-similar semilattices S and S′,where S is a lattice and S′is a non-lattice semilattice.In this paper we study the Z2-graded automorphisms of the TKK algebra T(J(S)).

  3. Essays in the history of Lie groups and algebraic groups

    CERN Document Server

    Borel, Armand

    2001-01-01

    Lie groups and algebraic groups are important in many major areas of mathematics and mathematical physics. We find them in diverse roles, notably as groups of automorphisms of geometric structures, as symmetries of differential systems, or as basic tools in the theory of automorphic forms. The author looks at their development, highlighting the evolution from the almost purely local theory at the start to the global theory that we know today. Starting from Lie's theory of local analytic transformation groups and early work on Lie algebras, he follows the process of globalization in its two main frameworks: differential geometry and topology on one hand, algebraic geometry on the other. Chapters II to IV are devoted to the former, Chapters V to VIII, to the latter. The essays in the first part of the book survey various proofs of the full reducibility of linear representations of \\mathbf{SL}_2{(\\mathbb{C})}, the contributions of H. Weyl to representations and invariant theory for semisimple Lie groups, and con...

  4. Complex group algebras of the double covers of the symmetric and alternating group

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bessenrodt, Christine; Nguyen, Hung Ngoc; Olsson, Jørn Børling

    2015-01-01

    We prove that the double covers of the alternating and symmetric groups are determined by their complex group algebras......We prove that the double covers of the alternating and symmetric groups are determined by their complex group algebras...

  5. The Virasoro Algebra and Some Exceptional Lie and Finite Groups

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael P. Tuite

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available We describe a number of relationships between properties of the vacuum Verma module of a Virasoro algebra and the automorphism group of certain vertex operator algebras. These groups include the Deligne exceptional series of simple Lie groups and some exceptional finite simple groups including the Monster and Baby Monster.

  6. Isomorphism classes and automorphism groups of algebras of Weyl type

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SU; Yucai(苏育才); ZHAO; Kaiming(赵开明)

    2002-01-01

    In one of our recent papers, the associative and the Lie algebras of Weyl type A[D] = A F[D] were defined and studied, where A is a commutative associative algebra with an identity element over a field F of any characteristic, and F[D] is the polynomial algebra of a commutative derivation subalgebra D of A. In the present paper, a class of the above associative and Lie algebras A[D] with F being a field of characteristic 0, D consisting of locally finite but not locally nilpotent derivations of A, are studied. The isomorphism classes and automorphism groups of these associative and Lie algebras are determined.

  7. Reply to da Rocha and Rodrigues' comments on the orientation congruent algebra and twisted forms in electrodynamics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Demers, D.G. [Everybody Reads Independent Bookstore, Lansing, MI (United States)

    2010-07-15

    The recent claim by da Rocha and Rodrigues that the nonassociative orientation congruent algebra (OC algebra) and native Clifford algebra are incompatible with the Clifford bundle approach is false. The new native Clifford bundle approach, in fact, subsumes the ordinary Clifford bundle one. Associativity is an unnecessarily too strong a requirement for physical applications. Consequently, we obtain a new principle of nonassociative irrelevance for physically meaningful formulas. In addition, the adoption of formalisms that respect the native representation of twisted (or odd) objects and physical quantities is required for the advancement of mathematics, physics, and engineering because they allow equations to be written in sign-invariant form. This perspective simplifies the analysis of, resolves questions about, and ends needless controversies over the signs, orientations, and parities of physical quantities. (Abstract Copyright [2010], Wiley Periodicals, Inc.)

  8. The Weyl group of the Cuntz algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Conti, Roberto; Szymanski, Wojciech

    2011-01-01

    The Weyl group of the Cuntz algebra O_n, with n finite, is investigated. This is (isomorphic to) the group of polynomial automorphisms of O_n, namely those induced by unitaries that can be written as finite sums of words in the canonical generating isometries and their adjoints. A necessary and sufficient algorithmic combinatorial condition is found for deciding when a polynomial endomorphism restricts to an automorphism of the canonical diagonal MASA. Some steps towards a general criterion for invertibility of such endomorphisms on the whole of O_n are also taken. A condition for verifying invertibility of a certain subclass of polynomial endomorphisms is given. First examples of polynomial automorphisms of O_n not inner related to permutative ones are exhibited, for every n. In particular, the image of the Weyl group in the outer automorphism group of O_n is strictly larger than the image of the reduced Weyl group analyzed in previous papers. Results about the action of the Weyl group on the spectrum of the...

  9. Lie groups, lie algebras, and representations an elementary introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Hall, Brian

    2015-01-01

    This textbook treats Lie groups, Lie algebras and their representations in an elementary but fully rigorous fashion requiring minimal prerequisites. In particular, the theory of matrix Lie groups and their Lie algebras is developed using only linear algebra, and more motivation and intuition for proofs is provided than in most classic texts on the subject. In addition to its accessible treatment of the basic theory of Lie groups and Lie algebras, the book is also noteworthy for including: a treatment of the Baker–Campbell–Hausdorff formula and its use in place of the Frobenius theorem to establish deeper results about the relationship between Lie groups and Lie algebras motivation for the machinery of roots, weights and the Weyl group via a concrete and detailed exposition of the representation theory of sl(3;C) an unconventional definition of semisimplicity that allows for a rapid development of the structure theory of semisimple Lie algebras a self-contained construction of the representations of compac...

  10. Hom-Akivis algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Issa, A Nourou

    2010-01-01

    Non-Hom-associative algebras and Hom-Akivis algebras are introduced. The commutator-Hom-associator algebra of a non-Hom-associative algebra is a Hom-Akivis algebra. It is shown that non-Hom-associative algebras can be obtained from nonassociative algebras by twisting along algebra automorphisms while Hom-Akivis algebras can be obtained from Akivis algebras by twisting along algebra endomorphisms.

  11. Algebras associated with Pseudo Reflection Groups: A Generalization of Brauer Algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, Zhi

    2010-01-01

    We present a way to associate an algebra $B_G (\\Upsilon) $ with every pseudo reflection group $G$. When $G$ is a Coxeter group of simply-laced type we show $B_G (\\Upsilon)$ is isomorphic to the generalized Brauer algebra of simply-laced type introduced by Cohen,Gijsbers and Wales[10]. We prove $B_G (\\Upsilon)$ has a cellular structure and be semisimple for generic parameters when $G$ is a rank 2 Coxeter group. In the process of construction we introduce a Cherednik type connection for BMW algebras and a generalization of Lawrence-Krammer representation to complex braid groups associated with all pseudo reflection groups.

  12. Diamond lemma for the group graded quasi-algebras

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    MAMTA BALODI; HUA-LIN HUANG; SHIV DATT KUMAR

    2016-08-01

    Let $G$ be a group. We prove that every expression in a $G$-graded quasialgebra can be reduced to a unique irreducible form and the irreducible words form abasis for the quasi-algebra. The result obtained is applied to some interesting classes of group graded quasi-algebras like generalized octonions.

  13. K1 Group of Finite Dimensional Path Algebra

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xue Jun GUO; Li Bin LI

    2001-01-01

    In this paper, by calculating the commutator subgroup of the unit group of finite pathalgebra κ/△ and the unit group abelianized, we explicitly characterize the K1 group of finite dimensionalpath algebra over an arbitrary field.

  14. Multi-Matrix Models and Noncommutative Frobenius Algebras Obtained from Symmetric Groups and Brauer Algebras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kimura, Yusuke

    2015-07-01

    It has been understood that correlation functions of multi-trace operators in SYM can be neatly computed using the group algebra of symmetric groups or walled Brauer algebras. On the other hand, such algebras have been known to construct 2D topological field theories (TFTs). After reviewing the construction of 2D TFTs based on symmetric groups, we construct 2D TFTs based on walled Brauer algebras. In the construction, the introduction of a dual basis manifests a similarity between the two theories. We next construct a class of 2D field theories whose physical operators have the same symmetry as multi-trace operators constructed from some matrices. Such field theories correspond to non-commutative Frobenius algebras. A matrix structure arises as a consequence of the noncommutativity. Correlation functions of the Gaussian complex multi-matrix models can be translated into correlation functions of the two-dimensional field theories.

  15. Multi-matrix models and Noncommutative Frobenius algebras obtained form symmetric groups and Brauer algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Kimura, Yusuke

    2014-01-01

    It has been understood that correlation functions of multi-trace operators in N=4 SYM can be neatly computed using the group algebra of symmetric groups or walled Brauer algebras. On the other hand such algebras have been known to construct 2D topological field theories (TFTs). After reviewing the construction of 2D TFTs based on symmetric groups, we construct 2D TFTs based on walled Brauer algebras. In the construction, the introduction of a dual basis manifests a similarity between the two theories. We next construct a class of 2D field theories whose physical operators have the same symmetry as multi-trace operators constructed from some matrices. Such field theories correspond to non-commutative Frobenius algebras. A matrix structure arises as a consequence of the noncommutativity. Correlation functions of the Gaussian complex multi-matrix models can be translated into correlation functions of the two-dimensional field theories.

  16. An algebraic Birkhoff decomposition for the continuous renormalization group

    CERN Document Server

    Girelli, F; Martinetti, P

    2004-01-01

    This paper aims at presenting the first steps towards a formulation of the Exact Renormalization Group Equation in the Hopf algebra setting of Connes and Kreimer. It mostly deals with some algebraic preliminaries allowing to formulate perturbative renormalization within the theory of differential equations. The relation between renormalization, formulated as a change of boundary condition for a differential equation, and an algebraic Birkhoff decomposition for rooted trees is explicited.

  17. Graded Automorphism Group of TKK Lie Algebra over Semilattice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Sheng XIA

    2011-01-01

    Every extended affine Lie algebra of type A1 and nullity v with extended affine root system R(A1, S), where S is a semilattice in Rv, can be constructed from a TKK Lie algebra T(J(S)) which is obtained from the Jordan algebra J(S) by the so-called Tits-Kantor-Koecher construction. In this article we consider the Zn-graded automorphism group of the TKK Lie algebra T(J(S)), where S is the "smallest" semilattice in Euclidean space Rn.

  18. Topologically twisted renormalization group flow and its holographic dual

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakayama, Yu

    2017-03-01

    Euclidean field theories admit more general deformations than usually discussed in quantum field theories because of mixing between rotational symmetry and internal symmetry (also known as topological twist). Such deformations may be relevant, and if the subsequent renormalization group flow leads to a nontrivial fixed point, it generically gives rise to a scale invariant Euclidean field theory without conformal invariance. Motivated by an ansatz studied in cosmological models some time ago, we develop a holographic dual description of such renormalization group flows in the context of AdS /CFT . We argue that the nontrivial fixed points require fine-tuning of the bulk theory, in general, but remarkably we find that the O (3 ) Yang-Mills theory coupled with the four-dimensional Einstein gravity in the minimal manner supports such a background with the Euclidean anti-de Sitter metric.

  19. Topologically twisted renormalization group flow and its holographic dual

    CERN Document Server

    Nakayama, Yu

    2016-01-01

    Euclidean field theories admit more general deformations than usually discussed in quantum field theories because of mixing between rotational symmetry and internal symmetry (a.k.a topological twist). Such deformations may be relevant, and if the subsequent renormalization group flow leads to a non-trivial fixed point, it generically gives rise to a scale invariant Euclidean field theory without conformal invariance. Motivated by an ansatz studied in cosmological models some time ago, we develop a holographic dual description of such renormalization group flows in the context of AdS/CFT. We argue that the non-trivial fixed points require fine-tuning of the bulk theory in general, but remarkably we find that the $O(3)$ Yang-Mills theory coupled with the four-dimensional Einstein gravity in the minimal manner supports such a background with the Euclidean AdS metric.

  20. Diagonal invariant ideals of Toeplitz algebras on discrete groups

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许庆祥

    2002-01-01

    Diagonal invariant ideals of Toeplitz algebras defined on discrete groups are introduced and studied. In terms of isometric representations of Toeplitz algebras associated with quasi-ordered groups, a character of a discrete group to be amenable is clarified. It is proved that when G is Abelian, a closed two-sided non-trivial ideal of the Toeplitz algebra defined on a discrete Abelian ordered group is diagonal invariant if and only if it is invariant in the sense of Adji and Murphy, thus a new proof of their result is given.

  1. Spin-Orbit Twisted Spin Waves: Group Velocity Control

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perez, F.; Baboux, F.; Ullrich, C. A.; D'Amico, I.; Vignale, G.; Karczewski, G.; Wojtowicz, T.

    2016-09-01

    We present a theoretical and experimental study of the interplay between spin-orbit coupling (SOC), Coulomb interaction, and motion of conduction electrons in a magnetized two-dimensional electron gas. Via a transformation of the many-body Hamiltonian we introduce the concept of spin-orbit twisted spin waves, whose energy dispersions and damping rates are obtained by a simple wave-vector shift of the spin waves without SOC. These theoretical predictions are validated by Raman scattering measurements. With optical gating of the density, we vary the strength of the SOC to alter the group velocity of the spin wave. The findings presented here differ from that of spin systems subject to the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction. Our results pave the way for novel applications in spin-wave routing devices and for the realization of lenses for spin waves.

  2. Quantum group symmetry and q-tensor algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Biedenharn, Lawrence Christian

    1995-01-01

    Quantum groups are a generalization of the classical Lie groups and Lie algebras and provide a natural extension of the concept of symmetry fundamental to physics. This monograph is a survey of the major developments in quantum groups, using an original approach based on the fundamental concept of a tensor operator. Using this concept, properties of both the algebra and co-algebra are developed from a single uniform point of view, which is especially helpful for understanding the noncommuting co-ordinates of the quantum plane, which we interpret as elementary tensor operators. Representations

  3. Gradings and Symmetries on Heisenberg type algebras

    OpenAIRE

    A. Calderón; C. Draper; Martín, C.; Sánchez, T.

    2014-01-01

    We describe the fine (group) gradings on the Heisenberg algebras, on the Heisenberg superalgebras and on the twisted Heisenberg algebras. We compute the Weyl groups of these gradings. Also the results obtained respect to Heisenberg superalgebras are applied to the study of Heisenberg Lie color algebras.

  4. Snyder-type spaces, twisted Poincar\\'e algebra and addition of momenta

    CERN Document Server

    Meljanac, S; Mignemi, S; Štrajn, R

    2016-01-01

    We discuss the Snyder model from the Hopf algebroid point of view in terms of realisations and introduce a generalisation including all possible deformations compatible with Lorentz invariance. The corresponding deformed addition of momenta is obtained and analysed for all realisations. We calculate the twist and the $R$-matrix to first order in the deformation parameters for these models and also obtain the exact twist in the particular case of the Snyder realisation.

  5. PRIMITIVE IDEALS OF TOEPLITZ ALGEBRA OF ORDERED GROUPS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rizky Rosjanuardi

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The topology on primitive ideal space of Toeplitz algebras of totally ordered abelian groups can be identified through the upwards-looking topology if and only if the chain of order ideals is well-ordered. We describe the topology on primitive ideal space of Toeplitz algebra of totally ordered abelian groups when the chain of order ideals is not well ordered.

  6. Locally Compact Quantum Groups. A von Neumann Algebra Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Daele, Alfons

    2014-08-01

    In this paper, we give an alternative approach to the theory of locally compact quantum groups, as developed by Kustermans and Vaes. We start with a von Neumann algebra and a comultiplication on this von Neumann algebra. We assume that there exist faithful left and right Haar weights. Then we develop the theory within this von Neumann algebra setting. In [Math. Scand. 92 (2003), 68-92] locally compact quantum groups are also studied in the von Neumann algebraic context. This approach is independent of the original C^*-algebraic approach in the sense that the earlier results are not used. However, this paper is not really independent because for many proofs, the reader is referred to the original paper where the C^*-version is developed. In this paper, we give a completely self-contained approach. Moreover, at various points, we do things differently. We have a different treatment of the antipode. It is similar to the original treatment in [Ann. Sci. & #201;cole Norm. Sup. (4) 33 (2000), 837-934]. But together with the fact that we work in the von Neumann algebra framework, it allows us to use an idea from [Rev. Roumaine Math. Pures Appl. 21 (1976), 1411-1449] to obtain the uniqueness of the Haar weights in an early stage. We take advantage of this fact when deriving the other main results in the theory. We also give a slightly different approach to duality. Finally, we collect, in a systematic way, several important formulas. In an appendix, we indicate very briefly how the C^*-approach and the von Neumann algebra approach eventually yield the same objects. The passage from the von Neumann algebra setting to the C^*-algebra setting is more or less standard. For the other direction, we use a new method. It is based on the observation that the Haar weights on the C^*-algebra extend to weights on the double dual with central support and that all these supports are the same. Of course, we get the von Neumann algebra by cutting down the double dual with this unique

  7. Admissible groups, symmetric factor sets, and simple algebras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. A. Mollin

    1984-01-01

    Full Text Available Let K be a field of characteristic zero and suppose that D is a K-division algebra; i.e. a finite dimensional division algebra over K with center K. In Mollin [1] we proved that if K contains no non-trivial odd order roots of unity, then every finite odd order subgroup of D* the multiplicative group of D, is cyclic. The first main result of this paper is to generalize (and simplify the proof of the above. Next we generalize and investigate the concept of admissible groups. Finally we provide necessary and sufficient conditions for a simple algebra, with an abelian maximal subfield, to be isomorphic to a tensor product of cyclic algebras. The latter is achieved via symmetric factor sets.

  8. Quasi hope algebras, group cohomology and orbifold models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dijkgraaf, R.; Pasquier, V.; Roche, P.

    1991-01-01

    We construct non trivial quasi Hopf algebras associated to any finite group G and any element of H3( G, U(1)). We analyze in details the set of representations of these algebras and show that we recover the main interesting datas attached to particular orbifolds of Rational Conformal Field Theory or equivalently to the topological field theories studied by R. Dijkgraaf and E. Witten. This leads us to the construction of the R-matrix structure in non abelian RCFT orbifold models.

  9. Algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Sepanski, Mark R

    2010-01-01

    Mark Sepanski's Algebra is a readable introduction to the delightful world of modern algebra. Beginning with concrete examples from the study of integers and modular arithmetic, the text steadily familiarizes the reader with greater levels of abstraction as it moves through the study of groups, rings, and fields. The book is equipped with over 750 exercises suitable for many levels of student ability. There are standard problems, as well as challenging exercises, that introduce students to topics not normally covered in a first course. Difficult problems are broken into manageable subproblems

  10. Group actions on C*-algebras, 3-cocycles and quantum field theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carey, A. L.; Grundling, H.; Raeburn, I.; Sutherland, C.

    1995-03-01

    We study group extensions Δ→Γ→Ω, where Γ acts on a C*-algebra A. Given a twisted covariant representation π, V of the pair A, Δ we construct 3-cocycles on Ω with values in the centre of the group generated by V(Δ). These 3-cocycles are obstructions to the existence of an extension of Ω by V(Δ) which acts on A compatibly with Γ. The main theorems of the paper introduce a subsidiary invariant Λ which classifies actions of Γ on V(Δ) and in terms of which a necessary and sufficient condition for the the cohomology class of the 3-cocycle to be non-trivial may be formulated. Examples are provided which show how non-trivial 3-cocycles may be realised. The framework we choose to exhibit these essentially mathematical results is influenced by anomalous gauge field theories. We show how to interpret our results in that setting in two ways, one motivated by an algebraic approach to constrained dynamics and the other by the descent equation approach to constructing cocycles on gauge groups. In order to make comparisons with the usual approach to cohomology in gauge theory we conclude with a Lie algebra version of the invariant Λ and the 3-cocycle.

  11. Ideal Amenability of Banach Algebras on Locally Compact Groups

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    M Eshaghi Gordji; S A R Hosseiniun

    2005-08-01

    In this paper we study the ideal amenability of Banach algebras. Let $\\mathcal{A}$ be a Banach algebra and let be a closed two-sided ideal in $\\mathcal{A}, \\mathcal{A}$ is -weakly amenable if $H^1(\\mathcal{A},I^∗)=\\{0\\}$. Further, $\\mathcal{A}$ is ideally amenable if $\\mathcal{A}$ is -weakly amenable for every closed two-sided ideal in $\\mathcal{A}$. We know that a continuous homomorphic image of an amenable Banach algebra is again amenable. We show that for ideal amenability the homomorphism property for suitable direct summands is true similar to weak amenability and we apply this result for ideal amenability of Banach algebras on locally compact groups.

  12. Drinfel'd basis of twisted Yangians

    CERN Document Server

    Belliard, Samuel

    2014-01-01

    We present a quantization of a Lie bi-ideal structure for twisted half-loop algebras of finite dimensional simple complex Lie algebras. We obtain Drinfel'd basis formalism and algebra closure relations of twisted Yangians for all symmetric pairs of simple Lie algebras and for simple twisted even half-loop Lie algebras. We also give an explicit form of twisted Yangians in Drinfel'd basis for the sl3 Lie algebra.

  13. Twisted equivariant matter

    CERN Document Server

    Freed, Daniel S

    2012-01-01

    We show how general principles of symmetry in quantum mechanics lead to twisted notions of a group representation. This framework generalizes both the classical 3-fold way of real/complex/quaternionic representations as well as a corresponding 10-fold way which has appeared in condensed matter and nuclear physics. We establish a foundation for discussing continuous families of quantum systems. Having done so, topological phases of quantum systems can be defined as deformation classes of continuous families of gapped Hamiltonians. For free particles there is an additional algebraic structure on the deformation classes leading naturally to notions of twisted equivariant K-theory. In systems with a lattice of translational symmetries we show that there is a canonical twisting of the equivariant K-theory of the Brillouin torus. We give precise mathematical definitions of two invariants of the topological phases which have played an important role in the study of topological insulators. Twisted equivariant K-theor...

  14. On discrete Zariski-dense subgroups of algebraic groups

    CERN Document Server

    Winkelmann, J

    1993-01-01

    We investigate for which linear-algebraic groups (over the complex numbers or any local field) there exists subgroups which are dense in the Zariski topology, but discrete in the Hausdorff topology. For instance, such subgroups exist for every non-solvable complex group.

  15. Potential Energy Surfaces Using Algebraic Methods Based on Unitary Groups

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renato Lemus

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This contribution reviews the recent advances to estimate the potential energy surfaces through algebraic methods based on the unitary groups used to describe the molecular vibrational degrees of freedom. The basic idea is to introduce the unitary group approach in the context of the traditional approach, where the Hamiltonian is expanded in terms of coordinates and momenta. In the presentation of this paper, several representative molecular systems that permit to illustrate both the different algebraic approaches as well as the usual problems encountered in the vibrational description in terms of internal coordinates are presented. Methods based on coherent states are also discussed.

  16. Pairing Problem of Generators in Non-twisted Affine Lie Algebras

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Hai-xia; LU Cai-hui

    2001-01-01

    In this paper, we discuss the pairing problem of generators in four affine Lie algebra. That is,for any given imaginary root vector x ∈ g (A), there exists y such that x and y generate a subalgebra containing g' (A).

  17. Yang-Baxter algebras, integrable theories and quantum groups

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vega, H.J. de (Paris-6 Univ., 75 (France). Lab. de Physique Theorique et Hautes Energies)

    1990-12-01

    The Yang-Baxter algebras (YBA) are introduced in a general framework stressing their power to exactly solve the lattice models associated to them. The algebraic Bethe Ansatz is developed as an eigenvector construction based on the YBA. The six-vertex model solution is given explicitely. It is explained how these lattice models yield both solvable massive QFT and conformal models in appropriated scaling (continuous) limits within the lattice light-cone approach. This approach permit to define and solve rigorously massive QFT as an appropriate continuum limit of gapless vertex models. The deep links between the YBA and Lie algebras are analyzed including the quantum groups that underly the trigonometric/hyperbolic YBA. Braid and quantum groups are derived from trigonometric/hyperbolic YBA in the limit of infinite spectral parameter. To conclude, some recent developments in the domain of integrable theories are summarized. (orig.).

  18. The $K$-groups and the index theory of certain comparison $C^*$-algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Monthubert, Bertrand

    2010-01-01

    We compute the $K$-theory of comparison $C^*$-algebra associated to a manifold with corners. These comparison algebras are an example of the abstract pseudodifferential algebras introduced by Connes and Moscovici \\cite{M3}. Our calculation is obtained by showing that the comparison algebras are a homomorphic image of a groupoid $C^*$-algebra. We then prove an index theorem with values in the $K$-theory groups of the comparison algebra.

  19. A class of simple weight modules over the twisted Heisenberg-Virasoro algebra

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Haibo; Han, Jianzhi; Su, Yucai

    2016-10-01

    A class of weight modules M ( V , a ) over the twisted Heisenberg-Virasoro H are constructed, which includes modules of intermediate series, where V is an H ¯ r , d -module and a is a complex number. We give the necessary and sufficient conditions under which these modules are simple and also determine all the equivalent simple modules in this class. Moreover, we show that simple modules in this class are new. Finally, we construct a class of new simple non-weight H -modules.

  20. Quasi Hopf algebras, group cohomology and orbifold models

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dijkgraaf, R. (Princeton Univ., NJ (USA). Joseph Henry Labs.); Pasquier, V. (CEA Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires de Saclay, 91 - Gif-sur-Yvette (France). Inst. de Recherche Fondamentale (IRF)); Roche, P. (Ecole Polytechnique, 91 - Palaiseau (France). Centre de Physique Theorique)

    1991-01-01

    We construct non trivial quasi Hopf algebras associated to any finite group G and any element of H{sup 3}(G,U)(1). We analyze in details the set of representations of these algebras and show that we recover the main interesting datas attached to particular orbifolds of Rational Conformal Field Theory or equivalently to the topological field theories studied by R. Dijkgraaf and E. Witten. This leads us to the construction of the R-matrix structure in non abelian RCFT orbifold models. (orig.).

  1. Higher genus mapping class group invariants from factorizable Hopf algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Fuchs, Jurgen; Stigner, Carl

    2012-01-01

    Lyubashenko's construction associates representations of mapping class groups Map_{g,n} of Riemann surfaces of any genus g with any number n of holes to a factorizable ribbon category. We consider this construction as applied to the category of bimodules over a finite-dimensional factorizable ribbon Hopf algebra H. For any such Hopf algebra we find an invariant of Map_{g,n} for every g and n. More generally, we obtain such invariants for any pair (H,omega), where omega is a ribbon automorphism of H. Our results are motivated by the quest to understand correlation functions of bulk fields in two-dimensional conformal field theories with chiral algebras that are not necessarily semisimple, so-called logarithmic conformal field theories.

  2. The Picard Group of a Noncommutative Algebraic Torus

    CERN Document Server

    Berest, Yuri; Tang, Xiang

    2010-01-01

    We compute the Picard group $ Pic(A_q) $ of the noncommutative algebraic 2-torus $A_q$, describe its action on the space $ R(A_q) $ of isomorphism classes of rk 1 projective modules and classify the algebras Morita equivalent to $ A_q $. Our computations are based on a quantum version of the Calogero-Moser correspondence relating projective $A_q$-modules to irreducible representations of the double affine Hecke algebras (DAHA) $ H_{t, q^{-1/2}}(S_n) $ at $ t = 1 $. We show that, under this correspondence, the action of $ Pic(A_q) $ on $ R(A_q) $ agrees with the action of $ SL_2(Z) $ on $ H_{t, q^{-1/2}}(S_n) $ constructed by I.Cherednik. We compare our results with smooth and analytic cases. In particular, when $ |q| \

  3. Approximation Properties for Groups and von Neumann Algebras

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudby, Søren

    The main topic of the thesis is approximation properties for locally compact groups with applications to operator algebras. In order to study the relationship between weak amenability and the Haagerup property, the weak Haagerup property and the weak Haagerup constant are introduced. The weak...

  4. Quregisters, Symmetry Groups and Clifford Algebras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cervantes, D.; Morales-Luna, G.

    2016-03-01

    Natural one-to-one and two-to-one homomorphisms from SO(3) into SU(2) are built conventionally, and the collection of qubits, is identified with a subgroup of SU(2). This construction is suitable to be extended to corresponding tensor powers. The notions of qubits, quregisters and qugates are translated into the language of symmetry groups. The corresponding elements to entangled states in the tensor product of Hilbert spaces reflect entanglement properties as well, and in this way a notion of entanglement is realised in the tensor product of symmetry groups.

  5. AUTOMRPPHISM GROUP OF LIE ALGEBRA C(t)d/dt

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DU HONG

    2003-01-01

    The Lie algebra of derivations of rational function field C(t) is C(t)d/dt. The automorphism group of C(t) is well known as to be isomorphic to the projective linear group PGL(2, C). In this short note we prove that every automorphism of C(t)d/dt can be induced in a natural way from an automorphism of C(t).

  6. Simple algebraic groups are (usually) determined by an invariant

    CERN Document Server

    Garibaldi, Skip

    2013-01-01

    Let G be a simple algebraic group over an algebraically closed field k and V be a irreducible rational kG-module. We show that, for a typical G-invariant polynomial function f on V, the identity component of the stabilizer of f in GL(V) is G. As a specific example, we show that groups of type E8 are automorphism groups of certain degree 8 homogeneous forms on Lie(E8). We also classify all irreducible G-modules V such that the dimension of the invariant rings for G and H are the same with G < H < SL(V). We also show that for characteristic not 2, there almost always exists an irreducible tensor indecomposable kG-module so that G is the identity component of the stabilizer in SL(V) of a homogeneous polynomial that has degree at most 3.

  7. A new approach to tolerance analysis method based onthe screw and the Lie Algebra of Lie Group

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhai, X. C.; Du, Q. G.; Wang, W. X.; Wen, Q.; Liu, B. S.; Sun, Z. Q.

    2016-11-01

    Tolerance analysis refers to the process of establishing mapping relations between tolerance features and the target feature along the dimension chain. Traditional models for tolerance analysis are all based on rigid body kinematics, and they adopt the Homogeneous Transformation Matrix to describe feature variation and accumulation. However, those models can hardly reveal the nature of feature variations. This paper proposes a new tolerance analysis method based on the screw and the Lie Algebra of Lie Group, which describes feature variation as the screw motion, and completely maps the twist, an element of the Lie Algebra, to the Lie Group that represents the feature configuration space. Thus, the analysis can be conducted in a more succinct and direct way. In the end, the method is applied in an example and proven to be robust and effective.

  8. Quantum isometry groups of noncommutative manifolds associated to group C*-algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Bhowmick, Jyotishman

    2010-01-01

    Let G be a finitely generated discrete group. The standard spectral triple on the group C*-algebra C*(G) is shown to admit the quantum group of orientation preserving isometries. This leads to new examples of compact quantum groups. In particular the quantum isometry group of the C*-algebra of the free group on n-generators is computed and shown to be a quantum group extension of the quantum permutation group A_{2n} of Wang. The quantum groups of orientation and real structure preserving isometries are also considered and construction of the Laplacian for the standard spectral triple on C*(G) discussed.

  9. Quantum isometry groups of noncommutative manifolds associated to group C∗-algebras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhowmick, Jyotishman; Skalski, Adam

    2010-10-01

    Let Γ be a finitely generated discrete group. The standard spectral triple on the group C∗-algebra C∗(Γ) is shown to admit the quantum group of orientation preserving isometries. This leads to new examples of compact quantum groups. In particular, the quantum isometry group of the C∗-algebra of the free group on n generators is computed and turns out to be a quantum group extension of the quantum permutation group A2n of Wang. The quantum groups of orientation and real structure preserving isometries are also considered and the construction of the Laplacian for the standard spectral triple on C∗(Γ) is discussed.

  10. Twisted light

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Forbes, A

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Research at the Mathematical Optics Group uses "twisted" light to study new quatum-based information security systems. In order to understand the structure of "twisted" light, it is useful to start with an ordinary light beam with zero twist, namely...

  11. Examples of groups in abstract Algebra Course Books

    OpenAIRE

    Kula Fulya

    2016-01-01

    This study has been conducted with the aim to examine the examples of Abelian and non-Abelian groups given in the abstract algebra course books in the university level. The non-examples of Abelian groups serve as examples of non-Abelian groups. Examples with solutions in the course books are trusted by the students and hence miscellaneous of those are required to clarify the subject in enough detail. The results of the current study show that the examples of Abelian groups are about the same ...

  12. Cohomology for infinitesimal unipotent algebraic and quantum groups

    CERN Document Server

    Drupieski, Christopher M; Ngo, Nham V

    2010-01-01

    In this paper we study the structure of cohomology spaces for the Frobenius kernels of unipotent and parabolic algebraic group schemes and of their quantum analogs. Given a simple algebraic group $G$, a parabolic subgroup $P_J$, and its unipotent radical $U_J$, we determine the ring structure of the cohomology ring $H^\\bullet((U_J)_1,k)$. We also obtain new results on computing $H^\\bullet((P_J)_1,L(\\lambda))$ as an $L_J$-module where $L(\\lambda)$ is a simple $G$-module with high weight $\\lambda$ in the closure of the bottom $p$-alcove. Finally, we provide generalizations of all our results to the quantum situation.

  13. Groups, matrices, and vector spaces a group theoretic approach to linear algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Carrell, James B

    2017-01-01

    This unique text provides a geometric approach to group theory and linear algebra, bringing to light the interesting ways in which these subjects interact. Requiring few prerequisites beyond understanding the notion of a proof, the text aims to give students a strong foundation in both geometry and algebra. Starting with preliminaries (relations, elementary combinatorics, and induction), the book then proceeds to the core topics: the elements of the theory of groups and fields (Lagrange's Theorem, cosets, the complex numbers and the prime fields), matrix theory and matrix groups, determinants, vector spaces, linear mappings, eigentheory and diagonalization, Jordan decomposition and normal form, normal matrices, and quadratic forms. The final two chapters consist of a more intensive look at group theory, emphasizing orbit stabilizer methods, and an introduction to linear algebraic groups, which enriches the notion of a matrix group. Applications involving symm etry groups, determinants, linear coding theory ...

  14. Intermediate grouping on remotely sensed data using Gestalt algebra

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michaelsen, Eckart

    2014-10-01

    Human observers often achieve striking recognition performance on remotely sensed data unmatched by machine vision algorithms. This holds even for thermal images (IR) or synthetic aperture radar (SAR). Psychologists refer to these capabilities as Gestalt perceptive skills. Gestalt Algebra is a mathematical structure recently proposed for such laws of perceptual grouping. It gives operations for mirror symmetry, continuation in rows and rotational symmetric patterns. Each of these operations forms an aggregate-Gestalt of a tuple of part-Gestalten. Each Gestalt is attributed with a position, an orientation, a rotational frequency, a scale, and an assessment respectively. Any Gestalt can be combined with any other Gestalt using any of the three operations. Most often the assessment of the new aggregate-Gestalt will be close to zero. Only if the part-Gestalten perfectly fit into the desired pattern the new aggregate-Gestalt will be assessed with value one. The algebra is suitable in both directions: It may render an organized symmetric mandala using random numbers. Or it may recognize deep hidden visual relationships between meaningful parts of a picture. For the latter primitives must be obtained from the image by some key-point detector and a threshold. Intelligent search strategies are required for this search in the combinatorial space of possible Gestalt Algebra terms. Exemplarily, maximal assessed Gestalten found in selected aerial images as well as in IR and SAR images are presented.

  15. Algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Tabak, John

    2004-01-01

    Looking closely at algebra, its historical development, and its many useful applications, Algebra examines in detail the question of why this type of math is so important that it arose in different cultures at different times. The book also discusses the relationship between algebra and geometry, shows the progress of thought throughout the centuries, and offers biographical data on the key figures. Concise and comprehensive text accompanied by many illustrations presents the ideas and historical development of algebra, showcasing the relevance and evolution of this branch of mathematics.

  16. Twisting 2-cocycles for the construction of new non-standard quantum groups

    CERN Document Server

    Jacobs, A D; Jacobs, Andrew D.

    1997-01-01

    We introduce a new class of 2-cocycles defined explicitly on the generators of certain multiparameter standard quantum groups. These allow us, through the process of twisting the familiar standard quantum groups, to generate new as well as previously known examples of non-standard quantum groups. In particular we are able to construct generalizations of both the Cremmer-Gervais deformation of SL(3), and the so called esoteric quantum groups of Fronsdal and Galindo, in an explicit and straightforward manner.

  17. International Workshop "Groups, Rings, Lie and Hopf Algebras"

    CERN Document Server

    2003-01-01

    The volume is almost entirely composed of the research and expository papers by the participants of the International Workshop "Groups, Rings, Lie and Hopf Algebras", which was held at the Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NF, Canada. All four areas from the title of the workshop are covered. In addition, some chapters touch upon the topics, which belong to two or more areas at the same time. Audience: The readership targeted includes researchers, graduate and senior undergraduate students in mathematics and its applications.

  18. Multinorms and Approximate Amenability of Weighted Group Algebras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saman Ghaderkhani

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Let G be a locally compact group, and take p,q with 1≤p,q<∞. We prove that, for any left (p,q-multiinvariant functional on L∞(G and for any weight function ω≥1 on G, the approximate amenability of the Banach algebra L1(G,ω implies the left (p,q-amenability of G, but in general the opposite is not true. Our proof uses the notion of multinorms. We also investigate the approximate amenability of M(G,ω.

  19. Curves C that are Cyclic Twists of Y^2 = X^3+c and the Relative Brauer Groups Br(k(C)/k

    CERN Document Server

    Haile, Darrell E; Wadsworth, Adrian R

    2010-01-01

    Let k be a field with char(k) not 2 or 3. Let C_f be the projective curve of a binary cubic form f, and k(C_f) the function field of C_f. In this paper we explicitly describe the relative Brauer group Br(k(C_f)/k) of k(C_f) over k. When f is diagonalizable we show that every algebra in Br(k(C_f)/k) is a cyclic algebra obtainable using the y-coordinate of a k-rational point on the Jacobian E of C_f. But when f is not diagonalizable, the algebras in Br(k(C_f)/k) are presented as cup products of cohomology classes, but not as cyclic algebras. In particular, we provide several specific examples of relative Brauer groups for k=Q, the rationals, and for k=Q(omega) where omega is a primitive third root of unity. The approach is to realize C_f as a cyclic twist of its Jacobian E, an elliptic curve, and then apply a recent theorem of Ciperiani and Krashen.

  20. Algebra

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    Through most of Greek history, mathematicians concentrated on geometry, although Euclid considered the theory of numbers. The Greek mathematician Diophantus (3rd century),however, presented problems that had to be solved by what we would today call algebra. His book is thus the first algebra text.

  1. Approximation Properties for Groups and von Neumann Algebras

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudby, Søren

    The main topic of the thesis is approximation properties for locally compact groups with applications to operator algebras. In order to study the relationship between weak amenability and the Haagerup property, the weak Haagerup property and the weak Haagerup constant are introduced. The weak...... Haagerup property is (strictly) weaker than both weak amenability and the Haagerup property. We establish a relation between the weak Haagerup property and semigroups of Herz-Schur multipliers. For free groups, we prove that a generator of a semigroup of radial, contractive Herz-Schur multipliers...... is linearly bounded by the word length function. In joint work with Haagerup, we show that a connected simple Lie group has the weak Haagerup property if and only if its real rank is at most one. The result coincides with the characterization of connected simple Lie groups which are weakly amenable. Moreover...

  2. Duality for Ext-groups and extensions of discrete series for graded Hecke algebras

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chan, K.Y.

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we study extensions of graded affine Hecke algebra modules. In particular, based on an explicit projective resolution on graded affine Hecke algebra modules, we prove a duality result for Ext-groups. This duality result with an Ind-Res resolution gives an algebraic proof of the fact t

  3. Algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Flanders, Harley

    1975-01-01

    Algebra presents the essentials of algebra with some applications. The emphasis is on practical skills, problem solving, and computational techniques. Topics covered range from equations and inequalities to functions and graphs, polynomial and rational functions, and exponentials and logarithms. Trigonometric functions and complex numbers are also considered, together with exponentials and logarithms.Comprised of eight chapters, this book begins with a discussion on the fundamentals of algebra, each topic explained, illustrated, and accompanied by an ample set of exercises. The proper use of a

  4. Examples of groups in abstract Algebra Course Books

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kula Fulya

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This study has been conducted with the aim to examine the examples of Abelian and non-Abelian groups given in the abstract algebra course books in the university level. The non-examples of Abelian groups serve as examples of non-Abelian groups. Examples with solutions in the course books are trusted by the students and hence miscellaneous of those are required to clarify the subject in enough detail. The results of the current study show that the examples of Abelian groups are about the same among three course books, including number sets only with known operations. The examples of non-Abelian groups are rare in comparison and encapsulate the nonnumeric sets which are novel to students. The current study shows the mentioned examples are not sufficiently examined in the course books. Suggestions for the book writers are given in the study. Mainly it is suggested that more and various examples of Abelian and especially non-Abelian groups should be included in the course books.

  5. Weyl Type Non-Associative Algebras Using Additive Groups I

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Seul Hee Choi; Ki-Bong Nam

    2007-01-01

    A Weyl type algebra is defined in the book [4].A Weyl type non-associative algebra WPm,n,8 and its restricted subalgebra WPm,n,sr are defined in various papers (see [1,3,11,12]).Several authors find all the derivations of an associative (a Lie,anon-associative) algebra (see [1,2,4,6,11,12]).We define the non-associative simplealgebra WPA.ngn,A.m,A.s B and the semi-Lie algebra WP A.ngn,A.m,A.sB[,],where B={1,(6)1,(6)2,(6)12,(6)1/2,(6)2/2}.We prove that the algebra is simple and find all its non-associative algebra derivations.

  6. On the automorphism groups of algebraic bounded domains

    CERN Document Server

    Zaitsev, D

    1994-01-01

    Let D be a bounded domain in C^n. By the theorem of H.~Cartan, the group Aut(D) of all biholomorphic automorphisms of D has a unique structure of a real Lie group such that the action Aut(D)\\times D\\to D is real analytic. This structure is defined by the embedding C_v\\colon Aut(D)\\hookrightarrow D\\times Gl_n(C), f\\mapsto (f(v), f_{*v}), where v\\in D is arbitrary. Here we restrict our attention to the class of domains D defined by finitely many polynomial inequalities. The appropriate category for studying automorphism of such domains is the Nash category. Therefore we consider the subgroup Aut_a(D)\\subset Aut(D) of all algebraic biholomorphic automorphisms which in many cases coincides with Aut(D). Assume that n>1 and D has a boundary point where the Levi form is non-degenerate. Our main result is theat the group Aut_a(D) carries a unique structure of an affine Nash group such that the action Aut_a(D)\\times D\\to D is Nash. This structure is defined by the embedding C_v\\colon Aut_a(D)\\hookrightarrow D\\times Gl...

  7. Yetter-Drinfel’d Hopf algebras over groups of prime order

    CERN Document Server

    Sommerhäuser, Yorck

    2002-01-01

    Being the first monograph devoted to this subject, the book addresses the classification problem for semisimple Hopf algebras, a field that has attracted considerable attention in the last years. The special approach to this problem taken here is via semidirect product decompositions into Yetter-Drinfel'd Hopf algebras and group rings of cyclic groups of prime order. One of the main features of the book is a complete treatment of the structure theory for such Yetter-Drinfel'd Hopf algebras.

  8. Generalised twisted partition functions

    CERN Document Server

    Petkova, V B

    2001-01-01

    We consider the set of partition functions that result from the insertion of twist operators compatible with conformal invariance in a given 2D Conformal Field Theory (CFT). A consistency equation, which gives a classification of twists, is written and solved in particular cases. This generalises old results on twisted torus boundary conditions, gives a physical interpretation of Ocneanu's algebraic construction, and might offer a new route to the study of properties of CFT.

  9. On K-groups of Operator Algebra on the 1-shift Space

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qiao Fen JIANG; Huai Jie ZHONG

    2008-01-01

    In this paper we discuss the K-groups of Wiener algebra W.For the 1-shift space XGM2,We obtain a characterization of Fredholm operators on XnGM2 for all n ∈ N.We also calculate the K-groups of operator algebra on the 1-shift space XGM2.

  10. Quantum algebras for maximal motion groups of n-dimensional flat spaces

    CERN Document Server

    Ballesteros, A; Del Olmo, M A; Santander, M

    1994-01-01

    An embedding method to get q-deformations for the non-semisimple algebras generating the motion groups of N-dimensional flat spaces is presented. This method gives a global and simultaneous scheme of q-deformation for all iso(p,q) algebras and for those ones obtained from them by some Inönü-Wigner contractions, such as the N--dimensional Euclidean, Poincaré and Galilei algebras.

  11. Bicovariant calculus on twisted ISO(n), quantum Poincaré group and quantum Minkowski space

    CERN Document Server

    Aschieri, Paolo; Aschieri, Paolo; Castellani, Leonardo

    1996-01-01

    A bicovariant calculus on the twisted inhomogeneous multiparametric q-groups of the B_n,C_n,D_n type, and on the corresponding quantum planes, is found by means of a projection from the bicovariant calculus on B_{n+1}, C_{n+1}, D_{n+1}. In particular we obtain the bicovariant calculus on a dilatation-free q-Poincar\\'e group ISO_q (3, 1), and on the corresponding quantum Minkowski space. The classical limit of the B_n,C_n,D_n bicovariant calculus is discussed in detail.

  12. Real space renormalization group for twisted lattice N=4 super Yang-Mills

    CERN Document Server

    Catterall, Simon

    2014-01-01

    A necessary ingredient for our previous results on the form of the long distance effective action of the twisted lattice N=4 super Yang-Mills theory is the existence of a real space renormalization group which preserves the lattice structure, both the symmetries and the geometric interpretation of the fields. In this brief article we provide an explicit example of such a blocking scheme and illustrate its practicality in the context of a small scale Monte Carlo renormalization group calculation. We also discuss the implications of this result, and the possible ways in which to use it in order to obtain further information about the long distance theory.

  13. Calculations on Lie Algebra of the Group of Affine Symplectomorphisms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zuhier Altawallbeh

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available We find the image of the affine symplectic Lie algebra gn from the Leibniz homology HL⁎(gn to the Lie algebra homology H⁎Lie(gn. The result shows that the image is the exterior algebra ∧⁎(wn generated by the forms wn=∑i=1n(∂/∂xi∧∂/∂yi. Given the relevance of Hochschild homology to string topology and to get more interesting applications, we show that such a map is of potential interest in string topology and homological algebra by taking into account that the Hochschild homology HH⁎-1(U(gn is isomorphic to H⁎-1Lie(gn,U(gnad. Explicitly, we use the alternation of multilinear map, in our elements, to do certain calculations.

  14. On the Structure of Graded λ-Hopf Algebras

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jian Hua SUN; Pu ZHANG

    2009-01-01

    Let G be an abelian group, B the G-graded λ-Hopf algebra with λ being a bicharacter on G. By introducing some new twisted algebras (coalgebras), we investigate the basic properties of the graded antipode and the structure for B. We also prove that a G-graded λ-Hopf algebra can be embedded in a usual Hopf algebra. As an application, it is given that if G is a finite abelian group then the graded antipode of a finite dimensional G-graded λ-Hopf algebra is invertible.

  15. Algebraic Representation of the Group of Havrda-Charvat-Daroczy Entropy Vectors in Nonextensive Statistical Mechanics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaripov, R. G.

    2016-12-01

    An algebraic representation of the group of nonextensive, parameterized Havrda-Charvat-Daroczy entropy vectors that depend on three distributions is constructed. The composition law of conformally-generalized hypercomplex numbers is considered, and properties of a commutative, nonassociative algebra are derived. The exponential form of the number and functions of numbers with hyperbolic angles are presented.

  16. The automorphism group of the Toeplitz algebra on H2(T2)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    The automorphism group of the C*-algebra generated by the Toeplitz operatos with symbols being continuous functions on the bicircle is characterized completely.The investigation is based on the analysis of the behaviour of an automorphism of theToeplitz algebra on its C*-ideal chains, and the state of the closed ideals in C(T)(×)(h)(H).

  17. The automorphism group of the Toeplitz algebra on H2(T2)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严从荃; 孙顺华

    2000-01-01

    The automorphism group of the C* -algebra generated by the Toeplitz operates with symbols being continuous functions on the bicircle is characterized completely. The investigation is based on the analysis of the behaviour of an automorphism of the Toeplitz algebra on its C*-ideal chains, and the state of the closed ideals in C(T)%(H).

  18. Part III, Free Actions of Compact Quantum Groups on C*-Algebras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwieger, Kay; Wagner, Stefan

    2017-08-01

    We study and classify free actions of compact quantum groups on unital C^*-algebras in terms of generalized factor systems. Moreover, we use these factor systems to show that all finite coverings of irrational rotation C^*-algebras are cleft.

  19. Twisted quantum doubles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daijiro Fukuda

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Using diagrammatic pictures of tensor contractions, we consider a Hopf algebra (Aop⊗ℛλA** twisted by an element ℛλ∈A*⊗Aop corresponding to a Hopf algebra morphism λ:A→A. We show that this Hopf algebra is quasitriangular with the universal R-matrix coming from ℛλ when λ2=idA, generalizing the quantum double construction which corresponds to the case λ=idA.

  20. Clifford algebra is the natural framework for root systems and Coxeter groups. Group theory: Coxeter, conformal and modular groups

    CERN Document Server

    Dechant, Pierre-Philippe

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we make the case that Clifford algebra is the natural framework for root systems and reflection groups, as well as related groups such as the conformal and modular groups: The metric that exists on these spaces can always be used to construct the corresponding Clifford algebra. Via the Cartan-Dieudonn\\'e theorem all the transformations of interest can be written as products of reflections and thus via `sandwiching' with Clifford algebra multivectors. These multivector groups can be used to perform concrete calculations in different groups, e.g. the various types of polyhedral groups, and we treat the example of the tetrahedral group $A_3$ in detail. As an aside, this gives a constructive result that induces from every 3D root system a root system in dimension four, which hinges on the facts that the group of spinors provides a double cover of the rotations, the space of 3D spinors has a 4D euclidean inner product, and with respect to this inner product the group of spinors can be shown to be cl...

  1. The Dimension of the Cohomology Groups of the Orlik-Solomon Algebras

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kelly Jeanne Pearson; Tan Zhang

    2005-01-01

    The Orlik-Solomon algebra is a graded algebra defined by the partially ordered set of subspace intersections of the hyperplanes in an arrangement. Define the cohomology of an Orlik-Solomon algebra as that of the complex formed by its homogeneous components with the differential defined via multiplication by an element of degree one. The dimension of the cohomology of the Orlik-Solomon algebra in dimension one has been determined by Libgober and Yuzvinsky. Using similar techniques, we study the dimension of the cohomology groups of the Orlik-Solomon algebra in higher dimensions under the special case where the element of degree one which defines the multiplication is concentrated under an element of the intersection lattice of codimension two. We provide computational methods for the dimension of the second cohomology group.

  2. K-Theory for group C^*-algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Baum, Paul F

    2009-01-01

    These notes are based on a lecture course given by the first author in the Sedano Winter School on K-theory held in Sedano, Spain, on January 22-27th of 2007. They aim at introducing K-theory of C^*-algebras, equivariant K-homology and KK-theory in the context of the Baum-Connes conjecture.

  3. More on PT-Symmetry in (Generalized Effect Algebras and Partial Groups

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Paseka

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available We continue in the direction of our paper on PT-Symmetry in (Generalized Effect Algebras and Partial Groups. Namely we extend our considerations to the setting of weakly ordered partial groups. In this setting, any operator weakly ordered partial group is a pasting of its partially ordered commutative subgroups of linear operators with a fixed dense domain over bounded operators. Moreover, applications of our approach for generalized effect algebras are mentioned.

  4. Hochschild cohomology of the Weyl algebra and Vasiliev's equations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharapov, Alexey A.; Skvortsov, Evgeny D.

    2017-09-01

    We propose a simple injective resolution for the Hochschild complex of the Weyl algebra. By making use of this resolution, we derive explicit expressions for nontrivial cocycles of the Weyl algebra with coefficients in twisted bimodules as well as for the smash products of the Weyl algebra and a finite group of linear symplectic transformations. A relationship with the higher-spin field theory is briefly discussed.

  5. Noncommutative Integration and Symmetry Algebra of the Dirac Equation on the Lie Groups

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breev, A. I.; Mosman, E. A.

    2016-12-01

    The algebra of first-order symmetry operators of the Dirac equation on four-dimensional Lie groups with right-invariant metric is investigated. It is shown that the algebra of symmetry operators is in general not a Lie algebra. Noncommutative reduction mediated by spin symmetry operators is investigated. For the Dirac equation on the Lie group SO(2,1) a parametric family of particular solutions obtained by the method of noncommutative integration over a subalgebra containing a spin symmetry operator is constructed.

  6. Algebraic renormalization perturbative twisted considerations on topological Yang-Mills theory and on N=2 supersymmetric gauge theories

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fucito, F.; Tanzini, A. [Rome Univ. 2 (Italy). Dipt. di Fisica; Vilar, L.C.Q.; Ventura, O.S.; Sasaki, C.A.G. [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas (CBPF), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Sorella, S.P. [Universidade do Estado (UERJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Inst. de Fisica

    1997-07-01

    The aim of these notes is to provide a simple and pedagogical (as much as possible) introduction to what is nowadays commonly called Algebraic Renormalization. As the same itself let it understand, the Algebraic Renormalization gives a systematic set up in order to analyse the quantum extension of a given set of classical symmetries. The framework is purely algebraic, yielding a complete characterization of all possible anomalies and invariant counterterms without making use of any explicit computation of the Feynman diagrams. This goal is achieved by collecting, with the introduction of suitable ghost fields, all the symmetries into a unique operation summarized by a generalized Slavnov-Taylor (or master equation) identity which is the starting point for the quantum analysis. The Slavnov-Taylor identity allows to define a nilpotent operator whose cohomology classes in the space of the integrated local polynomials in the fields and their derivatives with dimensions bounded by power counting give all nontrivial anomalies and counterterms. I other words, the proof of the renormalizability is reduced to the computation of some cohomology classes. (author) 28 refs., 2 figs.

  7. Ultraproducts of Tannakian Categories and Generic Representation Theory of Unipotent Algebraic Groups

    CERN Document Server

    Crumley, Michael

    2010-01-01

    The principle of tannakian duality states that any neutral tannakian category is tensorially equivalent to the category Rep_k G of finite dimensional representations of some affine group scheme G and field k, and conversely. Originally motivated by an attempt to find a first-order explanation for generic cohomology of algebraic groups, we study neutral tannakian categories as abstract first-order structures and, in particular, ultraproducts of them. One of the main theorems of this dissertation is that certain naturally definable subcategories of these ultraproducts are themselves neutral tannakian categories, hence tensorially equivalent to Comod_A for some Hopf algebra A over a field k. We are able to give a fairly tidy description of the representing Hopf algebras of these categories, and explicitly compute them in several examples. For the second half of this dissertation we turn our attention to the representation theories of certain unipotent algebraic groups, namely the additive group G_a and the Heise...

  8. Homological unimodularity and Calabi-Yau condition for Poisson algebras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lü, Jiafeng; Wang, Xingting; Zhuang, Guangbin

    2017-09-01

    In this paper, we show that the twisted Poincaré duality between Poisson homology and cohomology can be derived from the Serre invertible bimodule. This gives another definition of a unimodular Poisson algebra in terms of its Poisson Picard group. We also achieve twisted Poincaré duality for Hochschild (co)homology of Poisson bimodules using rigid dualizing complex. For a smooth Poisson affine variety with the trivial canonical bundle, we prove that its enveloping algebra is a Calabi-Yau algebra if the Poisson structure is unimodular.

  9. Representations of general linear groups and categorical actions of Kac-Moody algebras

    OpenAIRE

    Losev, Ivan

    2012-01-01

    This is an expanded version of the lectures given by the author on the 3rd school "Lie algebras, algebraic groups and invariant theory" in Togliatti, Russia. In these notes we explain the concept of a categorical Kac-Moody action by studying an example of the category of rational representations of a general linear group in positive characteristic. We also deal with some more advanced topics: a categorical action on the polynomial representations and crystals of categorical actions.

  10. Yoneda algebras of almost Koszul algebras

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Zheng Lijing

    2015-11-01

    Let be an algebraically closed field, a finite dimensional connected (, )-Koszul self-injective algebra with , ≥ 2. In this paper, we prove that the Yoneda algebra of is isomorphic to a twisted polynomial algebra $A^!$ [ ; ] in one indeterminate of degree +1 in which $A^!$ is the quadratic dual of , is an automorphism of $A^!$, and = () for each $t \\in A^!$. As a corollary, we recover Theorem 5.3 of [2].

  11. Braid group representations from a deformation of the harmonic oscillator algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Tarlini, Marco

    2016-01-01

    We describe a new technique to obtain representations of the braid group B_n from the R-matrix of a quantum deformed algebra of the one dimensional harmonic oscillator. We consider the action of the R-matrix not on the tensor product of representations of the algebra, that in the harmonic oscillator case are infinite dimensional, but on the subspace of the tensor product corresponding to the lowest weight vectors.

  12. Ergodic Actions of Convergent Fuchsian groups on quotients of the noncommutative Hardy algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Arias, Alvaro

    2010-01-01

    We establish that particular quotients of the non-commutative Hardy algebras carry ergodic actions of convergent discrete subgroups of the group $\\operatorname*{SU}(n,1)$ of automorphisms of the unit ball in $\\mathbb{C}% ^{n}$. To do so, we provide a mean to compute the spectra of quotients of noncommutative Hardy algebra and characterize their automorphisms in term of biholomorphic maps of the unit ball in $\\mathbb{C}^{n}$.

  13. Algebraic K-theory and derived equivalences suggested by T-duality for torus orientifolds

    CERN Document Server

    Rosenberg, Jonathan

    2016-01-01

    We show that certain isomorphisms of (twisted) KR-groups that underlie T-dualities of torus orientifold string theories have purely algebraic analogues in terms of algebraic K-theory of real varieties and equivalences of derived categories of (twisted) coherent sheaves. The most interesting conclusion is a kind of Mukai duality in which the "dual abelian variety" to a smooth projective genus-1 curve over R with no real points is (mildly) noncommutative.

  14. THE MINIMAL CLOSED NON-TRIVIAL IDEALS OF TOEPLITZ ALGEBRAS ON DISCRETE GROUPS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Let G be a discrete group and (G,G+) an ordered group. Let (G,GF) be the minimal quasiordered group containing (G,G+). Let TG+ (G) and TGF (G) be the corresponding Toeplitz algebras,and γGF,G+ the natural C*-algebra morphism from TG+ (G) to TGF(G). This paper studies the connection between Ker γGF'G+ and the minimal closed ideal of TG+ (G). It is proved that if G is amenable and GF ≠ G+,then Ker γGF'G+ is exactly the minimal closed non-trivial ideal of TG+ (G). As an application,in the last part of this paper,a character of K-groups of Toeplitz algebras on ordered groups is clarified.

  15. Positioning during Group Work on a Novel Task in Algebra II

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeJarnette, Anna F.; González, Gloriana

    2015-01-01

    Given the prominence of group work in mathematics education policy and curricular materials, it is important to understand how students make sense of mathematics during group work. We applied techniques from Systemic Functional Linguistics to examine how students positioned themselves during group work on a novel task in Algebra II classes. We…

  16. L1-determined ideals in group algebras of exponential Lie groups

    CERN Document Server

    Ungermann, Oliver

    2012-01-01

    A locally compact group $G$ is said to be $\\ast$-regular if the natural map $\\Psi:\\Prim C^\\ast(G)\\to\\Prim_{\\ast} L^1(G)$ is a homeomorphism with respect to the Jacobson topologies on the primitive ideal spaces $\\Prim C^\\ast(G)$ and $\\Prim_{\\ast} L^1(G)$. In 1980 J. Boidol characterized the $\\ast$-regular ones among all exponential Lie groups by a purely algebraic condition. In this article we introduce the notion of $L^1$-determined ideals in order to discuss the weaker property of primitive $\\ast$-regularity. We give two sufficient criteria for closed ideals $I$ of $C^\\ast(G)$ to be $L^1$-determined. Herefrom we deduce a strategy to prove that a given exponential Lie group is primitive $\\ast$-regular. The author proved in his thesis that all exponential Lie groups of dimension $\\le 7$ have this property. So far no counter-example is known. Here we discuss the example $G=B_5$, the only critical one in dimension $\\le 5$.

  17. Extended weight semigroups of affine spherical homogeneous spaces of non-simple semisimple algebraic groups

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Avdeev, Roman S [M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics, Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2010-12-22

    The extended weight semigroup of a homogeneous space G/H of a connected semisimple algebraic group G characterizes the spectra of the representations of G on spaces of regular sections of homogeneous line bundles over G/H, including the space of regular functions on G/H. We compute the extended weight semigroups for all strictly irreducible affine spherical homogeneous spaces G/H, where G is a simply connected non-simple semisimple complex algebraic group and H is a connected closed subgroup of G. In all cases we also find the highest-weight functions corresponding to the indecomposable elements of this semigroup. Among other things, our results complete the computation of the weight semigroups for all strictly irreducible simply connected affine spherical homogeneous spaces of semisimple complex algebraic groups.

  18. Left Artinian Algebraic Algebras

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    S. Akbari; M. Arian-Nejad

    2001-01-01

    Let R be a left artinian central F-algebra, T(R) = J(R) + [R, R],and U(R) the group of units of R. As one of our results, we show that, if R is algebraic and char F = 0, then the number of simple components of -R = R/J(R)is greater than or equal to dimF R/T(R). We show that, when char F = 0 or F is uncountable, R is algebraic over F if and only if [R, R] is algebraic over F. As another approach, we prove that R is algebraic over F if and only if the derived subgroup of U(R) is algebraic over F. Also, we present an elementary proof for a special case of an old question due to Jacobson.

  19. From groups to categorial algebra introduction to protomodular and mal’tsev categories

    CERN Document Server

    Bourn, Dominique

    2017-01-01

    This book gives a thorough and entirely self-contained, in-depth introduction to a specific approach to group theory, in a large sense of that word. The focus lie on the relationships which a group may have with other groups, via “universal properties”, a view on that group “from the outside”. This method of categorical algebra, is actually not limited to the study of groups alone, but applies equally well to other similar categories of algebraic objects. By introducing protomodular categories and Mal’tsev categories, which form a larger class, the structural properties of the category Gp of groups, show how they emerge from four very basic observations about the algebraic litteral calculus and how, studied for themselves at the conceptual categorical level, they lead to the main striking features of the category Gp of groups. Hardly any previous knowledge of category theory is assumed, and just a little experience with standard algebraic structures such as groups and monoids. Examples and exercises...

  20. Subgroups of ideal class groups of real quadratic algebraic function fields

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG; Kunpeng(王鲲鹏); ZHANG; Xianke(张贤科)

    2003-01-01

    Necessary and sufficient condition on real quadratic algebraic function fields K is given for theirideal class groups H(K) to contain cyclic subgroups of order n. And eight series of such real quadratic functionfields K are obtained whose ideal class groups contain cyclic subgroups of order n. In particular, the ideal classnumbers of these function fields are divisible by n.

  1. The first cohomology group of trivial extensions of special biserial algebras

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    Given a finite dimensional special biserial algebra A with normed basis we obtain the dimension formulae of the first Hochschild homology groups of A and the vector space Alt(DA). As a consequence, an explicit dimension formula of the first Hochschild cohomology group of trivial extension TA = A × DA in terms of the combinatorics of the quiver and relations is determined.

  2. 群上的Toeplitz代数%Toeplitz Operator Algebras on Groups

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡俊云; 李颂孝

    2001-01-01

    In this paper we study Toeplitz operator and Toeplitz algebra on discrete abelian group. By the spectral projection and Fourier transformation, we transform the problem of Toeplitz operator and Toeplitz algebra on discrete ablien group into the problem of them on the Hardy space of the dual group. We conclude the character of Toeplitz operator(Theorem 10), the necessary and sufficient condition of that the reduced Toeplitz algebra equals Toeplitz algebra (Proposition 5)and the short exact sequence of Toeplitz algebra(Theorem 6).%研究了离散交换群上的Toeplitz算子和Toeplitz代数.通过谱投影和Fourier变换,将离散交换群上的Toeplitz算子和Toeplitz代数的问题化成了其对偶群上的Hardy空间中的相应问题,并由此得到了Toeplitz算子的特征(定理10),约化Toeplitz代数与Toeplitz代数相等的充分必要性(命题5)以及关于Toeplitz代数的短正合列(定理6)等一系列结果.

  3. Quantization maps, algebra representation, and non-commutative Fourier transform for Lie groups

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guedes, Carlos; Oriti, Daniele [Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics (Albert Einstein Institute), Am Mühlenberg 1, 14476 Potsdam (Germany); Raasakka, Matti [Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics (Albert Einstein Institute), Am Mühlenberg 1, 14476 Potsdam (Germany); LIPN, Institut Galilée, Université Paris-Nord, 99, av. Clement, 93430 Villetaneuse (France)

    2013-08-15

    The phase space given by the cotangent bundle of a Lie group appears in the context of several models for physical systems. A representation for the quantum system in terms of non-commutative functions on the (dual) Lie algebra, and a generalized notion of (non-commutative) Fourier transform, different from standard harmonic analysis, has been recently developed, and found several applications, especially in the quantum gravity literature. We show that this algebra representation can be defined on the sole basis of a quantization map of the classical Poisson algebra, and identify the conditions for its existence. In particular, the corresponding non-commutative star-product carried by this representation is obtained directly from the quantization map via deformation quantization. We then clarify under which conditions a unitary intertwiner between such algebra representation and the usual group representation can be constructed giving rise to the non-commutative plane waves and consequently, the non-commutative Fourier transform. The compact groups U(1) and SU(2) are considered for different choices of quantization maps, such as the symmetric and the Duflo map, and we exhibit the corresponding star-products, algebra representations, and non-commutative plane waves.

  4. Algebraic function operator expectation value based quantum eigenstate determination: A case of twisted or bent Hamiltonian, or, a spatially univariate quantum system on a curved space

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baykara, N. A. [Marmara University, Faculty of Sciences and Letters, Mathematics Department, Göztepe Campus, 34730, Istanbul (Turkey)

    2015-12-31

    Recent studies on quantum evolutionary problems in Demiralp’s group have arrived at a stage where the construction of an expectation value formula for a given algebraic function operator depending on only position operator becomes possible. It has also been shown that this formula turns into an algebraic recursion amongst some finite number of consecutive elements in a set of expectation values of an appropriately chosen basis set over the natural number powers of the position operator as long as the function under consideration and the system Hamiltonian are both autonomous. This recursion corresponds to a denumerable infinite number of algebraic equations whose solutions can or can not be obtained analytically. This idea is not completely original. There are many recursive relations amongst the expectation values of the natural number powers of position operator. However, those recursions may not be always efficient to get the system energy values and especially the eigenstate wavefunctions. The present approach is somehow improved and generalized form of those expansions. We focus on this issue for a specific system where the Hamiltonian is defined on the coordinate of a curved space instead of the Cartesian one.

  5. PyCox: Computing with (finite) Coxeter groups and Iwahori-Hecke algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Geck, Meinolf

    2012-01-01

    We introduce the computer algebra package {\\sf PyCox}, written entirely in the {\\sf Python} language. It implements a set of algorithms - in a spirit similar to the older {\\sf CHEVIE} system - for working with Coxeter groups and Hecke algebras. This includes a new variation of the traditional algorithm for computing Kazhdan-Lusztig cells and $W$-graphs, which works efficiently for all groups of rank $\\leq 8$ (except $E_8$). Our experiments suggest a re-definition of Lusztig's "special" representations which, conjecturally, should also apply to the unequal parameter case.

  6. Involutions and trivolutions on second dual of algebras related to locally compact groups and topological semigroups

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    A ALINEJAD; A GHAFFARI

    2017-09-01

    We investigate involutions and trivolutions in the second dual of algebras related to a locally compact topological semigroup and the Fourier algebra of a locally compact group. We prove, among the other things, that for a large class of topological semigroups namely, compactly cancellative foundation $\\ast$-semigroup $S$ when it is infinite non-discrete cancellative, $M_{a}(S)^{\\ast\\ast}$ does not admit an involution, and $M_{a}(S)^{\\ast\\ast}$ has atrivolution with range $M_{a}(S)$ if and only if $S$ is discrete. We also show that when $G$ isan amenable group, the second dual of the Fourier algebra of $G$ admits an involutionextending one of the natural involutions of $A(G)$ if and only if $G$ is finite. However,$A(G)^{\\ast\\ast}$ always admits trivolution.

  7. Algebras of Complete Hörmander Vector Fields, and Lie-Group Construction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Bonfiglioli

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this note is to characterize the Lie algebras g of the analytic vector fields in RN which coincide with the Lie algebras of the (analytic Lie groups defined on RN (with its usual differentiable structure. We show that such a characterization amounts to asking that: (i g is N-dimensional; (ii g admits a set of Lie generators which are complete vector fields; (iii g satisfies Hörmander’s rank condition. These conditions are necessary, sufficient and mutually independent. Our approach is constructive, in that for any such g we show how to construct a Lie group G = (RN, * whose Lie algebra is g. We do not make use of Lie’s Third Theorem, but we only exploit the Campbell-Baker-Hausdorff-Dynkin Theorem for ODE’s.

  8. Twisted bialgebroids versus bialgebroids from a Drinfeld twist

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borowiec, Andrzej; Pachoł, Anna

    2017-02-01

    Bialgebroids (respectively Hopf algebroids) are bialgebras (Hopf algebras) over noncommutative rings. Drinfeld twist techniques are particularly useful in the (deformation) quantization of Lie algebras as well as the underlying module algebras (=quantum spaces). A smash product construction combines both of them into the new algebra which, in fact, does not depend on the twist. However, we can turn it into a bialgebroid in a twist-dependent way. Alternatively, one can use Drinfeld twist techniques in a category of bialgebroids. We show that both the techniques indicated in the title—the twisting of a bialgebroid or constructing a bialgebroid from the twisted bialgebra—give rise to the same result in the case of a normalized cocycle twist. This can be useful for the better description of a quantum deformed phase space. We argue that within this bialgebroid framework one can justify the use of deformed coordinates (i.e. spacetime noncommutativity), which are frequently postulated in order to explain quantum gravity effects.

  9. Forced gradings in integral quasi-hereditary algebras with applications to quantum groups

    CERN Document Server

    Parshall, Brian

    2012-01-01

    Let $\\sO$ be a discrete valuation ring with fraction field $K$ and residue field $k$. A quasi-hereditary algebra $\\wA$ over $\\sO$ provides a bridge between the representation theory of the quasi-hereditary algebra $\\wA_K:=K\\otimes \\wA$ over the field $K$ and the quasi-hereditary algebra $A_k:=k\\otimes_\\sO\\wA$ over $k$. In one important example, $\\wA_K$--mod is a full subcategory of the category of modules for a quantum enveloping algebra while $\\wA_k$--mod is a full subcategory of the category of modules for a reductive group in positive characteristic. This paper considers first the question of when the positively graded algebra $\\gr \\wA:= \\bigoplus_{n\\geq 0}(\\wA\\cap\\rad^n\\wA_K)/(\\wA\\cap\\rad^{n+1}\\wA_K)$ is quasi-hereditary. A main result gives sufficient conditions that $\\gr\\wA$ be quasi-hereditary. The main requirement is that each graded module $\\gr\\wDelta(\\lambda)$ arising from a $\\wA$-standard (Weyl) module $\\wDelta(\\lambda)$ have an irreducible head. An additional hypothesis requires that the graded al...

  10. Multidimensional hypergeometric functions and representation theory of lie algebras and quantum groups

    CERN Document Server

    Varchenko, A N

    1995-01-01

    This book recounts the connections between multidimensional hypergeometric functions and representation theory. In 1984, physicists Knizhnik and Zamolodchikov discovered a fundamental differential equation describing correlation functions in conformal field theory. The equation is defined in terms of a Lie algebra. Kohno and Drinfeld found that the monodromy of the differential equation is described in terms of the quantum group associated with the Lie algebra. It turns out that this phenomenon is the tip of the iceberg. The Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov differential equation is solved in multidimens

  11. Solving Nonlinear Differential Algebraic Equations by an Implicit Lie-Group Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chein-Shan Liu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We derive an implicit Lie-group algorithm together with the Newton iterative scheme to solve nonlinear differential algebraic equations. Four numerical examples are given to evaluate the efficiency and accuracy of the new method when comparing the computational results with the closed-form solutions.

  12. Some G-M-type Banach spaces and K-groups of operator algebras on them

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHONG Huaijie; CHEN Dongxiao; CHEN Jianlan

    2004-01-01

    By providing several new varieties of G-M-type Banachspaces according to decomposable and compoundable properties, this paper discusses the operator structures of thesespaces and the K-theory of the algebra of the operators on these G-M-type Banach spaces throughcalculation of the K-groups of the operator ideals contained in the class of Riesz operators.

  13. On conjugacy of MASAs and the outer automorphism group of the Cuntz algebra

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Conti, Roberto; Hong, Jeong Hee; Szymanski, Wojciech

    2015-01-01

    We investigate the structure of the outer automorphism group of the Cuntz algebra and the closely related problem of conjugacy of MASAs in O_n. In particular, we exhibit an uncountable family of MASAs, conugate to the standard MASA D_n via Bogolubov automorphisms, that are not inner conjugate to D_n....

  14. A first course in abstract algebra rings, groups, and fields

    CERN Document Server

    Anderson, Marlow

    2014-01-01

    Numbers, Polynomials, and Factoring The Natural Numbers The Integers Modular Arithmetic Polynomials with Rational CoefficientsFactorization of PolynomialsSection I in a NutshellRings, Domains, and Fields Rings Subrings and Unity Integral Domains and Fields Ideals Polynomials over a Field Section II in a NutshellRing Homomorphisms and Ideals Ring HomomorphismsThe Kernel Rings of Cosets The Isomorphism Theorem for Rings Maximal and Prime Ideals The Chinese Remainder Theorem Section III in a NutshellGroups Symmetries of Geometric Figures PermutationsAbstract Groups Subgroups Cyclic Groups Section

  15. On the linearization of the automorphism groups of algebraic domains

    CERN Document Server

    Zaitsev, D

    1994-01-01

    Let $D$ be a domain in $C^n$ and $G$ a topological group which acts effectively on $D$ by holomorphic automorphisms. In this paper we are interested in projective linearizations of the action of $G$, i.e. a linear representation of $G$ in some $C^{N+1}$ and an equivariant imbedding of $D$ into $\\P^N$ with respect to this representation. The domains we discuss here are open connected sets defined by finitely many real polynomial inequalities or connected finite unions of such sets. Assume that the group $G$ acts by birational automorphisms. Our main result is the equivalence of the following conditions: 1) there exists a projective linearization, i.e. a linear representation of $G$ in some $\\C^{N+1}$ and a biregular imbedding $i\\colon \\P^n \\hookrightarrow \\P^N$ such that the restriction $i|_D$ is $G$-equivariant. 2) $G$ is a subgroup of a Lie group $\\hat G$ of birational automorphisms of $D$ which extends the action of $G$ and has finitely many connected components; 3) $G$ is a subgroup of a Nash group $\\hat G...

  16. Classification of upper motives of algebraic groups of inner type A_n

    CERN Document Server

    De Clercq, Charles

    2011-01-01

    Let A, A' be two central simple algebras over a field F and \\mathbb{F} be a finite field of characteristic p. We prove that the upper indecomposable direct summands of the motives of two anisotropic varieties of flags of right ideals X(d_1,...,d_k;A) and X(d'_1,...,d'_s;A') with coefficients in \\mathbb{F} are isomorphic if and only if the p-adic valuations of gcd(d_1,...,d_k) and gcd(d'_1,..,d'_s) are equal and the classes of the p-primary components A_p and A'_p of A and A' generate the same group in the Brauer group of F. This result leads to a surprising dichotomy between upper motives of absolutely simple adjoint algebraic groups of inner type A_n

  17. Group Algebras Whose Involutory Units Commute (Dedicated to the memory of Professor I.I. Khripta)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Victor Bovdi; Michael Dokuchaev

    2002-01-01

    Let K be a field of characteristic 2 and G a non-abelian locally finite 2-group. Let V(KG) be the group of units with augmentation 1 in the group algebra KG. An explicit list of groups is given, and it is proved that all involutions in V(KG) commute with each other if and only if G is isomorphic to one of the groups on this list. In particular, this property depends only on G and does not depend on K.

  18. Orbifold Riemann surfaces: Teichmueller spaces and algebras of geodesic functions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mazzocco, Marta [Loughborough University, Loughborough (United Kingdom); Chekhov, Leonid O [Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Russian Federation State Scientific Center), Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2009-12-31

    A fat graph description is given for Teichmueller spaces of Riemann surfaces with holes and with Z{sub 2}- and Z{sub 3}-orbifold points (conical singularities) in the Poincare uniformization. The corresponding mapping class group transformations are presented, geodesic functions are constructed, and the Poisson structure is introduced. The resulting Poisson algebras are then quantized. In the particular cases of surfaces with n Z{sub 2}-orbifold points and with one and two holes, the respective algebras A{sub n} and D{sub n} of geodesic functions (classical and quantum) are obtained. The infinite-dimensional Poisson algebra D{sub n}, which is the semiclassical limit of the twisted q-Yangian algebra Y'{sub q}(o{sub n}) for the orthogonal Lie algebra o{sub n}, is associated with the algebra of geodesic functions on an annulus with n Z{sub 2}-orbifold points, and the braid group action on this algebra is found. From this result the braid group actions are constructed on the finite-dimensional reductions of this algebra: the p-level reduction and the algebra D{sub n}. The central elements for these reductions are found. Also, the algebra D{sub n} is interpreted as the Poisson algebra of monodromy data of a Frobenius manifold in the vicinity of a non-semisimple point. Bibliography: 36 titles.

  19. Twisted baskets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hermann, Keith; Pratumyot, Yaowalak; Polen, Shane; Hardin, Alex M; Dalkilic, Erdin; Dastan, Arif; Badjić, Jovica D

    2015-02-23

    A preparative procedure for obtaining a pair of twisted molecular baskets, each comprising a chiral framework with either right ((P)-1syn) or left ((M)-1syn) sense of twist and six ester groups at the rim has been developed and optimized. The racemic (P/M)-1syn can be obtained in three synthetic steps from accessible starting materials. The resolution of (P/M)-1syn is accomplished by its transesterification with (1R,2S,5R)-(-)-menthol in the presence of a Ti(IV) catalyst to give diastereomeric 8(P) and 8(M). It was found that dendritic-like cavitands 8(P) and 8(M), in CD2Cl2, undergo self-inclusion ((1)H NMR spectroscopy) with a menthol moiety occupying the cavity of each host. Importantly, the degree of inclusion of the menthol group was ((1)H NMR spectroscopy) found to be greater in the case of 8(P) than 8(M). Accordingly, it is suggested that different folding characteristic of 8(P) and 8(M) ought to affect the physicochemical characteristics of the hosts to permit their effective separation by column chromatography. The absolute configuration of 8(P)/8(M), encompassing right- and left-handed "cups", was determined with the exciton chirality method and also verified in silico (DFT: B3LYP/TZVP). Finally, the twisted baskets are strongly fluorescent due to three naphthalene chromophores, having a high fluorescence quantum yield within the rigid framework of 8(P)/8(M).

  20. The regular representation and regular covariant representation of crossed products of Woronowicz C*-algebras

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG; Xiaoxia; GUO; Maozheng

    2005-01-01

    In this paper, it is shown that the regular representation and regular covariant representation of the crossed products A×α G correspond to the twisted multiplicative unitary operators, where A is a Woronowicz C*-algebra acted upon by a discrete group G. Meanwhile, it is also shown that the regular covariant C*-algebra is the Woronowicz C*-algebra which corresponds to a multiplicative unitary. Finally, an explicit description of the multiplicative unitary operator for C(SUq(2))×α Z is given in terms of those of the Woronowicz C*-algebra C(SUq(2)) and the discrete group G.

  1. The K-Theory of Toeplitz C^*-Algebras of Right-Angled Artin Groups

    CERN Document Server

    Ivanov, Nikolay A

    2007-01-01

    To a graph $\\Gamma$ one can associate a C^*-algebra $C^*(\\Gamma)$ generated by isometries. Such $C^*$-algebras were studied recently by Crisp and Laca. They are a special case of the Toeplitz C^*-algebras $\\mathcal{T}(G, P)$ associated to quasi-latice ordered groups (G, P) introduced by Nica. Crisp and Laca proved that the so called "boundary quotients" $C^*_q(\\Gamma)$ of $C^*(\\Gamma)$ are simple and purely infinite. For a certain class of finite graphs $\\Gamma$ we show that $C^*_q(\\Gamma)$ can be represented as a full corner of a crossed product of an appropriate C^*-subalgebra of $C^*_q(\\Gamma)$ built by using $C^*(\\Gamma')$, where $\\Gamma'$ is a subgraph of $\\Gamma$ with one less vertex, by the group $\\mathbb{Z}$. Using induction on the number of the vertices of $\\Gamma$ we show that $C^*_q(\\Gamma)$ are nuclear and belong to the small bootstrap class. This also enables us to use the Pimsner-Voiculescu exact sequence to find their K-theory. Finally we use the Kirchberg-Phillips classification theorem to sho...

  2. Enhanced gauge groups in N=4 topological amplitudes and Lorentzian Borcherds algebras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hohenegger, Stefan; Persson, Daniel

    2011-11-01

    We continue our study of algebraic properties of N=4 topological amplitudes in heterotic string theory compactified on T2, initiated in arXiv:1102.1821. In this work we evaluate a particular one-loop amplitude for any enhanced gauge group h⊂e8⊕e8, i.e. for arbitrary choice of Wilson line moduli. We show that a certain analytic part of the result has an infinite product representation, where the product is taken over the positive roots of a Lorentzian Kac-Moody algebra g++. The latter is obtained through double extension of the complement g=(e8⊕e8)/h. The infinite product is automorphic with respect to a finite index subgroup of the full T-duality group SO(2,18;Z) and, through the philosophy of Borcherds-Gritsenko-Nikulin, this defines the denominator formula of a generalized Kac-Moody algebra G(g++), which is an ’automorphic correction’ of g++. We explicitly give the root multiplicities of G(g++) for a number of examples.

  3. Enhanced Gauge Groups in N=4 Topological Amplitudes and Lorentzian Borcherds Algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Hohenegger, Stefan

    2011-01-01

    We continue our study of algebraic properties of N=4 topological amplitudes in heterotic string theory compactified on T^2, initiated in arXiv:1102.1821. In this work we evaluate a particular one-loop amplitude for any enhanced gauge group h \\subset e_8 + e_8, i.e. for arbitrary choice of Wilson line moduli. We show that a certain analytic part of the result has an infinite product representation, where the product is taken over the positive roots of a Lorentzian Kac-Moody algebra g^{++}. The latter is obtained through double extension of the complement g= (e_8 + e_8)/h. The infinite product is automorphic with respect to a finite index subgroup of the full T-duality group SO(2,18;Z) and, through the philosophy of Borcherds-Gritsenko-Nikulin, this defines the denominator formula of a generalized Kac-Moody algebra G(g^{++}), which is an 'automorphic correction' of g^{++}. We explicitly give the root multiplicities of G(g^{++}) for a number of examples.

  4. Universal Enveloping Algebra and Differential Calculi on Orthogonal q-groups

    CERN Document Server

    Aschieri, Paolo; Aschieri, Paolo; Castellani, Leonardo

    1997-01-01

    We review the construction of the multiparametric quantum group $ISO_{q,r}(N)$ as a projection from $SO_{q,r}(N+2) $ and show that it is a bicovariant bimodule over $SO_{q,r}(N)$. The universal enveloping algebra $U_{q,r}(iso(N))$, characterized as the Hopf algebra of regular functionals on $ISO_{q,r}(N)$, is found as a Hopf subalgebra of $U_{q,r}(so(N+2))$ and is shown to be a bicovariant bimodule over $U_{q,r}(so(N))$. An R-matrix formulation of $U_{q,r}(iso(N))$ is given and we prove the pairing $U_{q,r}(iso(N))\\leftrightarrow ISO_{q,r}(N)$. We analyze the subspaces of $U_{q,r}(iso(N))$ that define bicovariant differential calculi on $ISO_{q,r}(N)$.

  5. Teacher Knowledge and Student Achievement in Algebra, School Mathematics Study Group Reports Number 9.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Begle, Edward G.

    This study investigated the relationship between algebraic understanding of teachers and student achievement in algebra in one academic year. Pretests to measure teachers' understanding of modern algebra and the algebra of the real number system, student pretests to enable consideration of individual differences, and posttests to measure student…

  6. Construction of invariants of the coadjoint representation of Lie groups using linear algebra methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurnyavko, O. L.; Shirokov, I. V.

    2016-07-01

    We offer a method for constructing invariants of the coadjoint representation of Lie groups that reduces this problem to known problems of linear algebra. This method is based on passing to symplectic coordinates on the coadjoint representation orbits, which play the role of local coordinates on those orbits. The corresponding transition functions are their parametric equations. Eliminating the symplectic coordinates from the transition functions, we can obtain the complete set of invariants. The proposed method allows solving the problem of constructing invariants of the coadjoint representation for Lie groups with an arbitrary dimension and structure.

  7. Heisenberg double of supersymmetric algebras for noncommutative quantum field theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirchanov, V. S.

    2013-09-01

    The ground work is laid for the construction of a Heisenberg superdouble in the form of a smash product of a standard Poincaré-Lie quantum-operator superalgebra with coalgebra and its double Lie spatial superalgebra with coalgebra, which are Hopf algebras and a Hopf modular algebra, respectively. Deformation of the superalgebras is realized by Drinfeld twists for the shift and supershift operators. As a result, an extended algebra is obtained, containing a non(anti)commutative superspace and quantum-group generators.

  8. Equivariant K-Theory of Central Extensions and Twisted Equivariant K-theory: Sl3(Z) and St3(Z)

    OpenAIRE

    Barcenas, Noe; Velasquez, Mario

    2013-01-01

    We compare twisted Equivariant K-theory of Sl3Z with untwisted equivariant K-Theory of its universal central extension, St3Z. Using universal coefficient theorems by the authors, the computations explained here give the domain of Baum-Connes assembly maps landing on the topological K-theory of twisted group C*-algebras related to Sl3Z, for which a version of Poincar\\'e Duality studied previously by Echterhoff, Emerson and Kim is verified.

  9. The Restricted Weyl Group of the Cuntz Algebra and Shift Endomorphisms

    CERN Document Server

    Conti, Roberto; Szymanski, Wojciech

    2010-01-01

    It is shown that, modulo the automorphisms which fix the canonical diagonal MASA point-wise, the group of those automorphisms of the Cuntz algebra O_n which globally preserve both the diagonal and the core UHF-subalgebra is isomorphic, via restriction, with the group of those homeomorphisms of the full one-sided n-shift space which eventually commute along with their inverses with the shift transformation. The image of this group in the outer automorphism group of O_n can be embedded into the quotient of the automorphism group of the full two-sided n-shift by its center, generated by the shift. If n is prime then this embedding is an isomorphism.

  10. Universal Algebra Applied to Hom-Associative Algebras, and More

    OpenAIRE

    Hellström, Lars; Makhlouf, Abdenacer; Silvestrov, Sergei D.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to discuss the universal algebra theory of hom-algebras. This kind of algebra involves a linear map which twists the usual identities. We focus on hom-associative algebras and hom-Lie algebras for which we review the main results. We discuss the envelopment problem, operads, and the Diamond Lemma; the usual tools have to be adapted to this new situation. Moreover we study Hilbert series for the hom-associative operad and free algebra, and describe them up to total...

  11. Universal Jensen's Equations in Banach Modules over a C*-Algebra and Its Unitary Group

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chun Gil PARK

    2004-01-01

    In this paper, we prove the generalized Hyers-Ulam-Rassias stability of universal Jensen's equations in Banach modules over a unital C*-algebra. It is applied to show the stability of universal Jensen's equations in a Hilbert module over a unital C*-algebra. Moreover, we prove the stability of linear operators in a Hilbert module over a unital C*-algebra.

  12. The Hidden Quantum Group of the 8-vertex Free Fermion Model q-Clifford Algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Cuerno, R; López, E; Sierra, G

    1993-01-01

    We prove in this paper that the elliptic $R$--matrix of the eight vertex free fermion model is the intertwiner $R$--matrix of a quantum deformed Clifford--Hopf algebra. This algebra is constructed by affinization of a quantum Hopf deformation of the Clifford algebra.

  13. Representations of cohomological Hall algebras and Donaldson-Thomas theory with classical structure groups

    CERN Document Server

    Young, Matthew B

    2016-01-01

    We introduce a new class of representations of the cohomological Hall algebras of Kontsevich and Soibelman which we call cohomological Hall modules, or CoHM for short. These representations are constructed from self-dual representations of a quiver with contravariant involution $\\sigma$ and provide a mathematical model for the space of BPS states in orientifold string theory. We use the CoHM to define a generalization of cohomological Donaldson-Thomas theory of quivers which allows the quiver representations to have orthogonal and symplectic structure groups. The associated invariants are called orientifold Donaldson-Thomas invariants. We prove the integrality conjecture for orientifold Donaldson-Thomas invariants of $\\sigma$-symmetric quivers. We also formulate precise conjectures regarding the geometric meaning of these invariants and the freeness of the CoHM of a $\\sigma$-symmetric quiver. We prove the freeness conjecture for disjoint union quivers, loop quivers and the affine Dynkin quiver of type $\\widet...

  14. Algebraic Properties of Curvature Operators in Lorentzian Manifolds with Large Isometry Groups

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovanni Calvaruso

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Together with spaces of constant sectional curvature and products of a real line with a manifold of constant curvature, the socalled Egorov spaces and ε-spaces exhaust the class of n-dimensional Lorentzian manifolds admitting a group of isometries of dimension at least ½n(n−1+1, for almost all values of n [Patrangenaru V., Geom. Dedicata 102 (2003, 25-33]. We shall prove that the curvature tensor of these spaces satisfy several interesting algebraic properties. In particular, we will show that Egorov spaces are Ivanov-Petrova manifolds, curvature-Ricci commuting (indeed, semi-symmetric and P-spaces, and that ε-spaces are Ivanov-Petrova and curvature-curvature commuting manifolds.

  15. Generalized braided Hopf algebras

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LU Zhong-jian; FANG Xiao-li

    2009-01-01

    The concept of (f, σ)-pair (B, H)is introduced, where B and H are Hopf algebras. A braided tensor category which is a tensor subcategory of the category HM of left H-comodules through an (f, σ)-pair is constructed. In particularly, a Yang-Baxter equation is got. A Hopf algebra is constructed as well in the Yetter-Drinfel'd category HHYD by twisting the multiplication of B.

  16. The unit group of group algebra $F_qSL(2;Z_3$

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Swati Maheshwari

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Let $\\F_q$ be a finite field of characteristic $p$ having $q$ elements, where $q = p^k$ and $p\\ge 5$. Let $ SL(2,\\Z_3$ be the special linear group of $2\\times2$ matrices with determinant $1$ over $\\Z_3$. In this note we establish the structure of the unit group of $\\F_q SL(2,\\Z_3$.

  17. Mutations of group species with potentials and their representations. Applications to cluster algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Demonet, Laurent

    2010-01-01

    This article tries to generalize former works of Derksen, Weyman and Zelevinsky about skew-symmetric cluster algebras to the skew-symmetrizable case. We introduce the notion of group species with potentials and their decorated representations. In good cases, we can define mutations of these objects in such a way that these mutations mimic the mutations of seeds defined by Fomin and Zelevinsky for a skew-symmetrizable exchange matrix defined from the group species. These good cases are called non-degenerate. Thus, when an exchange matrix can be associated to a non-degenerate group species with potential, we give an interpretation of the $F$-polynomials and the $\\g$-vectors of Fomin and Zelevinsky in terms of the mutation of group species with potentials and their decorated representations. Hence, we can deduce a proof of a serie of combinatorial conjectures of Fomin and Zelevinsky in these cases. Moreover, we give, for certain skew-symmetrizable matrices a proof of the existance of a non-degenerate group speci...

  18. ON THE CLASSIFICATION OF AF-ALGEBRAS AND THEIR DIMENSION GROUPS (Ⅱ)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANGZHAOBO

    1995-01-01

    This paper is a continuation of [1]. It gives some applications of the results in [1], containing some examples of pure-infinite AF-algebras and the invariant properties of the types of the C*-extensions by two AF-algebras of the same type.

  19. On Complete Lie Algebras and Lie Groups%关于完备李群与完备李代数

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁科; 邓少强

    2001-01-01

    孟道骥等对完备李代数作了系统的研究并已获得很多基本和重要的结果.本文给出完备李群与完备李代数的某些关系.%Daoji Meng and others have made a systematic study on complete Lie algebras and obtained some basic and important conclusions. In this paper, we will investigate relations between complete Lie groups and complete Lie algebras.

  20. Geometry of q-Hypergeometric Functions, Quantum Affine Algebras and Elliptic Quantum Groups

    CERN Document Server

    Tarasov, V; Tarasov, Vitaly; Varchenko, Alexander

    1997-01-01

    The trigonometric quantized Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov equation (qKZ equation) associated with the quantum group $U_q(sl_2)$ is a system of linear difference equations with values in a tensor product of $U_q(sl_2)$ Verma modules. We solve the equation in terms of multidimensional $q$-hypergeometric functions and define a natural isomorphism between the space of solutions and the tensor product of the corresponding evaluation Verma modules over the elliptic quantum group $E_{\\rho,\\gamma}(sl_2)$, where parameters $\\rho$ and $\\gamma$ are related to the parameter $q$ of the quantum group $U_q(sl_2)$ and the step $p$ of the qKZ equation via $p=e^{2\\pii\\rho}$ and $q=e^{-2\\pii\\gamma}$. We construct asymptotic solutions associated with suitable asymptotic zones and compute the transition functions between the asymptotic solutions in terms of the dynamical elliptic $R$-matrices. This description of the transition functions gives a connection between representation theories of the quantum loop algebra $U_q(\\widetilde{gl}_2...

  1. Modules Over Color Hom-Poisson Algebras

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    In this paper we introduce color Hom-Poisson algebras and show that every color Hom-associative algebra has a non-commutative Hom-Poisson algebra structure in which the Hom-Poisson bracket is the commutator bracket. Then we show that color Poisson algebras (respectively morphism of color Poisson algebras) turn to color Hom-Poisson algebras (respectively morphism of Color Hom-Poisson algebras) by twisting the color Poisson structure. Next we prove that modules over color Hom–associative algebr...

  2. The algebra and subalgebras of the group SO(1,14) and Grassmann space

    CERN Document Server

    Fajfer, S; Fajfer, Svjetlana; Manko, Norma

    1995-01-01

    In a space of d=15 Grassmann coordinates, two types of generators of the Lorentz transformations, one of spinorial and the other of vectorial character, both forming the group SO(1,14) which contains as subgroups SO(1,4) and SO(10) {\\supset SU(3)} { \\times SU(2)} { \\times U(1)} , define the fundamental and adjoint representations of the group, respectively. The eigenvalues of the commuting operators can be identified with the spins of fermionic and bosonic fields (SO(1,4)) , as well as with their Yang-Mills charges (SU(3), SU(2), U(1)) . The theory offers unification of all the internal degrees of freedom of particles and fields - spins and all Yang-Mills charges - and accordingly of all interactions - Yang-Mills and gravity. The algebras of the two kinds of generators of Lorentz transformations in Grassmann space were studied and the representations are commented on. The theory suggests that elementary particles are either in the fundamental representations with respect to spins and all charges, or they are ...

  3. Self-Dual Abelian Codes in Some Nonprincipal Ideal Group Algebras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parinyawat Choosuwan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The main focus of this paper is the complete enumeration of self-dual abelian codes in nonprincipal ideal group algebras F2k[A×Z2×Z2s] with respect to both the Euclidean and Hermitian inner products, where k and s are positive integers and A is an abelian group of odd order. Based on the well-known characterization of Euclidean and Hermitian self-dual abelian codes, we show that such enumeration can be obtained in terms of a suitable product of the number of cyclic codes, the number of Euclidean self-dual cyclic codes, and the number of Hermitian self-dual cyclic codes of length 2s over some Galois extensions of the ring F2k+uF2k, where u2=0. Subsequently, general results on the characterization and enumeration of cyclic codes and self-dual codes of length ps over Fpk+uFpk are given. Combining these results, the complete enumeration of self-dual abelian codes in F2k[A×Z2×Z2s] is therefore obtained.

  4. Adjamagbo Determinant and Serre conjecture for linear groups over Weyl algebras

    OpenAIRE

    Adjamagbo, Kossivi

    2008-01-01

    Thanks to the theory of determinants over an Ore domain, also called Adjamagbo determinant by the Russian school of non commutative algebra, we extend to any Weyl algebra over a field of characteristic zero Suslin theorem solving what Suslin himself called the $K_1$-analogue of the well-known Serre Conjecture and asserting that for any integer $n$ greater than 2, any $n$ by $n$ matrix with coefficients in any algebra of polynomials over a field and with determinant one is the product of eleme...

  5. Differential forms and {kappa}-Minkowski spacetime from extended twist

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Juric, Tajron; Meljanac, Stjepan [Rudjer Boskovic Institute, Zagreb (Croatia); Strajn, Rina [Jacobs University Bremen, Bremen (Germany)

    2013-07-15

    We analyze bicovariant differential calculus on {kappa}-Minkowski spacetime. It is shown that corresponding Lorentz generators and noncommutative coordinates compatible with bicovariant calculus cannot be realized in terms of commutative coordinates and momenta. Furthermore, {kappa}-Minkowski space and NC forms are constructed by twist related to a bicrossproduct basis. It is pointed out that the consistency condition is not satisfied. We present the construction of {kappa}-deformed coordinates and forms (super-Heisenberg algebra) using extended twist. It is compatible with bicovariant differential calculus with {kappa}-deformed igl(4)-Hopf algebra. The extended twist leading to {kappa}-Poincare-Hopf algebra is also discussed. (orig.)

  6. Algebraic cobordism theory attached to algebraic equivalence

    CERN Document Server

    Krishna, Amalendu

    2012-01-01

    After the algebraic cobordism theory of Levine-Morel, we develop a theory of algebraic cobordism modulo algebraic equivalence. We prove that this theory can reproduce Chow groups modulo algebraic equivalence and the zero-th semi-topological K-groups. We also show that with finite coefficients, this theory agrees with the algebraic cobordism theory. We compute our cobordism theory for some low dimensional or special types of varieties. The results on infinite generation of some Griffiths groups by Clemens and on smash-nilpotence by Voevodsky and Voisin are also lifted and reinterpreted in terms of this cobordism theory.

  7. Algebraic and group structure for bipartite anisotropic Ising model on a non-local basis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delgado, Francisco

    2015-01-01

    Entanglement is considered a basic physical resource for modern quantum applications as Quantum Information and Quantum Computation. Interactions based on specific physical systems able to generate and sustain entanglement are subject to deep research to get understanding and control on it. Atoms, ions or quantum dots are considered key pieces in quantum applications because they are elements in the development toward a scalable spin-based quantum computer through universal and basic quantum operations. Ising model is a type of interaction generating entanglement in quantum systems based on matter. In this work, a general bipartite anisotropic Ising model including an inhomogeneous magnetic field is analyzed in a non-local basis. This model summarizes several particular models presented in literature. When evolution is expressed in the Bell basis, it shows a regular block structure suggesting a SU(2) decomposition. Then, their algebraic properties are analyzed in terms of a set of physical parameters which define their group structure. In particular, finite products of pulses in this interaction are analyzed in terms of SU(4) covering. Thus, evolution denotes remarkable properties, in particular those related potentially with entanglement and control, which give a fruitful arena for further quantum developments and generalization.

  8. The group of braided autoequivalences of the category of comodules over a coquasi-triangular Hopf algebra

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Haixing

    2017-04-01

    Let H be a coquasi-triangular Hopf algebra. We first show that the group of braided autoequivalences of the category of H-comodules is isomorphic to the group of braided-commutative bi-Galois objects. Next, by investigating the latter, we obtain that the group of braided autoequivalences of the representation category of Lusztig's quantum group uq(sl(2)) ‧ is isomorphic to the projective special linear group PSL(2) , where q is a root of unity of odd order N > 1.

  9. Evolution algebras and their applications

    CERN Document Server

    Tian, Jianjun Paul

    2008-01-01

    Behind genetics and Markov chains, there is an intrinsic algebraic structure. It is defined as a type of new algebra: as evolution algebra. This concept lies between algebras and dynamical systems. Algebraically, evolution algebras are non-associative Banach algebras; dynamically, they represent discrete dynamical systems. Evolution algebras have many connections with other mathematical fields including graph theory, group theory, stochastic processes, dynamical systems, knot theory, 3-manifolds, and the study of the Ihara-Selberg zeta function. In this volume the foundation of evolution algebra theory and applications in non-Mendelian genetics and Markov chains is developed, with pointers to some further research topics.

  10. Spectral flows and twisted topological theories

    CERN Document Server

    Gato-Rivera, Beatriz; Gato-Rivera, Beatriz; Rosado, Jose Ignacio

    1995-01-01

    We analyze the action of the spectral flows on N=2 twisted topological theories. We show that they provide a useful mapping between the two twisted topological theories associated to a given N=2 superconformal theory. This mapping can also be viewed as a topological algebra automorphism. In particular null vectors are mapped into null vectors, considerably simplifying their computation. We give the level 2 results. Finally we discuss the spectral flow mapping in the case of the DDK and KM realizations of the topological algebra.

  11. Automorphism Group of Heisenberg Jordan-Lie Algebra%Heisenberg Jordan-Lie代数的自同构群

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周佳

    2014-01-01

    We introduced the notion of Heisenberg Jordan-Lie algebra so as to investigate some subgroups of the automorphism group Aut(H)of Heisenberg Jordan-Lie algebra H.Moreover,we discussed some basic structure of the automorphism group Aut (H ) in the case of H being low-dimensional.%通过给出 Heisenberg Jordan-Lie 代数的定义,得到 Heisenberg Jordan-Lie 代数H 的自同构群Aut(H )的一些子群,并在 H 为低维的情形下,讨论了自同构群 Aut (H )的基本结构。

  12. Performance of Renormalization Group Algebraic Turbulence Model on Boundary Layer Transition Simulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahn, Kyung H.

    1994-01-01

    The RNG-based algebraic turbulence model, with a new method of solving the cubic equation and applying new length scales, is introduced. An analysis is made of the RNG length scale which was previously reported and the resulting eddy viscosity is compared with those from other algebraic turbulence models. Subsequently, a new length scale is introduced which actually uses the two previous RNG length scales in a systematic way to improve the model performance. The performance of the present RNG model is demonstrated by simulating the boundary layer flow over a flat plate and the flow over an airfoil.

  13. Twisted spectral geometry for the standard model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinetti, Pierre

    2015-07-01

    In noncommutative geometry, the spectral triple of a manifold does not generate bosonic fields, for fluctuations of the Dirac operator vanish. A Connes-Moscovici twist forces the commutative algebra to be multiplied by matrices. Keeping the space of spinors untouched, twisted-fluctuations then yield perturbations of the spin connection. Applied to the spectral triple of the Standard Model, a similar twist yields the scalar field needed to stabilize the vacuum and to make the computation of the Higgs mass compatible with its experimental value.

  14. Noncommutative connections on bimodules and Drinfeld twist deformation

    CERN Document Server

    Aschieri, Paolo

    2012-01-01

    Given a Hopf algebra H, we study modules and bimodules over an algebra A that carry an H-action, as well as their morphisms and connections. Bimodules naturally arise when considering noncommutative analogues of tensor bundles. For quasitriangular Hopf algebras and bimodules with an extra quasi-commutativity property we induce connections on the tensor product over A of two bimodules from connections on the individual bimodules. This construction applies to arbitrary connections, i.e. not necessarily H-equivariant ones, and further extends to the tensor algebra generated by a bimodule and its dual. Examples of these noncommutative structures arise in deformation quantization via Drinfeld twists of the commutative differential geometry of a smooth manifold, where the Hopf algebra H is the universal enveloping algebra of vector fields (or a finitely generated Hopf subalgebra). We extend the Drinfeld twist deformation theory of modules and algebras to morphisms and connections that are not necessarily H-equivari...

  15. Twisting Somersault

    CERN Document Server

    Dullin, Holger R

    2015-01-01

    A complete description of twisting somersaults is given using a reduction to a time-dependent Euler equation for non-rigid body dynamics. The central idea is that after reduction the twisting motion is apparent in a body frame, while the somersaulting (rotation about the fixed angular momentum vector in space) is recovered by a combination of dynamic and geometric phase. In the simplest "kick-model" the number of somersaults $m$ and the number of twists $n$ are obtained through a rational rotation number $W = m/n$ of a (rigid) Euler top. This rotation number is obtained by a slight modification of Montgomery's formula [9] for how much the rigid body has rotated. Using the full model with shape changes that take a realistic time we then derive the master twisting-somersault formula: An exact formula that relates the airborne time of the diver, the time spent in various stages of the dive, the numbers $m$ and $n$, the energy in the stages, and the angular momentum by extending a geometric phase formula due to C...

  16. Oliver Twist

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dickens, Charles

    2005-01-01

    Oliver Twist is one of Dickens's most popular novels, with many famous film, television and musical adaptations. It is a classic story of good against evil, packed with humour and pathos, drama and suspense, in which the orphaned Oliver is brought up in a harsh workhouse, and then taken in and

  17. Oliver Twist

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dickens, Charles

    2005-01-01

    Oliver Twist is one of Dickens's most popular novels, with many famous film, television and musical adaptations. It is a classic story of good against evil, packed with humour and pathos, drama and suspense, in which the orphaned Oliver is brought up in a harsh workhouse, and then taken in and explo

  18. Team Teaching and Cooperative Groups in Abstract Algebra: Nurturing a New Generation of Confident Mathematics Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grassl, R.; Mingus, T. T. Y.

    2007-01-01

    Experiences in designing and teaching a reformed abstract algebra course are described. This effort was partially a result of a five year statewide National Science Foundation (NSF) grant entitled the Rocky Mountain Teacher Enhancement Collaborative. The major thrust of this grant was to implement reform in core mathematics courses that would…

  19. Algebraic theory of numbers

    CERN Document Server

    Samuel, Pierre

    2008-01-01

    Algebraic number theory introduces students not only to new algebraic notions but also to related concepts: groups, rings, fields, ideals, quotient rings and quotient fields, homomorphisms and isomorphisms, modules, and vector spaces. Author Pierre Samuel notes that students benefit from their studies of algebraic number theory by encountering many concepts fundamental to other branches of mathematics - algebraic geometry, in particular.This book assumes a knowledge of basic algebra but supplements its teachings with brief, clear explanations of integrality, algebraic extensions of fields, Gal

  20. Linear associative algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Abian, Alexander

    1973-01-01

    Linear Associative Algebras focuses on finite dimensional linear associative algebras and the Wedderburn structure theorems.The publication first elaborates on semigroups and groups, rings and fields, direct sum and tensor product of rings, and polynomial and matrix rings. The text then ponders on vector spaces, including finite dimensional vector spaces and matrix representation of vectors. The book takes a look at linear associative algebras, as well as the idempotent and nilpotent elements of an algebra, ideals of an algebra, total matrix algebras and the canonical forms of matrices, matrix

  1. Cohomological Hall algebras and character varieties

    CERN Document Server

    Davison, Ben

    2015-01-01

    In this paper we investigate the relationship between twisted and untwisted character varieties via a specific instance of the Cohomological Hall algebra for moduli of objects in 3-Calabi-Yau categories introduced by Kontsevich and Soibelman. In terms of Donaldson--Thomas theory, this relationship is completely understood via the calculations of Hausel and Villegas of the E polynomials of twisted character varieties and untwisted character stacks. We present a conjectural lift of this relationship to the cohomological Hall algebra setting.

  2. Lie algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Jacobson, Nathan

    1979-01-01

    Lie group theory, developed by M. Sophus Lie in the 19th century, ranks among the more important developments in modern mathematics. Lie algebras comprise a significant part of Lie group theory and are being actively studied today. This book, by Professor Nathan Jacobson of Yale, is the definitive treatment of the subject and can be used as a textbook for graduate courses.Chapter I introduces basic concepts that are necessary for an understanding of structure theory, while the following three chapters present the theory itself: solvable and nilpotent Lie algebras, Carlan's criterion and its

  3. Algebra V homological algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Shafarevich, I

    1994-01-01

    This book, the first printing of which was published as volume 38 of the Encyclopaedia of Mathematical Sciences, presents a modern approach to homological algebra, based on the systematic use of the terminology and ideas of derived categories and derived functors. The book contains applications of homological algebra to the theory of sheaves on topological spaces, to Hodge theory, and to the theory of modules over rings of algebraic differential operators (algebraic D-modules). The authors Gelfand and Manin explain all the main ideas of the theory of derived categories. Both authors are well-known researchers and the second, Manin, is famous for his work in algebraic geometry and mathematical physics. The book is an excellent reference for graduate students and researchers in mathematics and also for physicists who use methods from algebraic geometry and algebraic topology.

  4. Automorphism Group of a Class of Heisenberg n-Lie Algebras%一类Heisenberg n-李代数的自同构群

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白瑞蒲; 刘丽丽

    2011-01-01

    本文主要研究Heisenberg n-李代数的结构.给出了一类(3m+1)-维Heisenberg 3-李代数及(nm+1)-维Heisenberg n-李代数的自同构群.且给出了自同构的具体表达式.%This paper mainly concerns Heisenberg n-Lie algebras. The structure of automorphism groups of (3m+1)-dimensional Heisenberg 3-Lie algebras is determined. The automorphism groups of (mn+1)-dimensional Heisenberg n-Lie algebras are studied; the concrete expression of every automorphism is given.

  5. Equivariant Algebraic Cobordism

    CERN Document Server

    Heller, Jeremiah

    2010-01-01

    We define equivariant algebraic cobordism for a connected linear algebraic group $G$ over a field of characteristic zero. The construction is based on Totaro's idea of using algebraic approximations for $BG$. We establish the analogous of the properties of an oriented cohomology theory, prove some of the expected properties from an equivariant theory, and make a few computations.

  6. Vertex operator algebras, extended E_8 diagram, and McKay's observation on the Monster simple group

    OpenAIRE

    2004-01-01

    We study McKay's observation on the Monster simple group, which relates the 2A-involutions of the Monster simple group to the extended E_8 diagram, using the theory of vertex operator algebras (VOAs). We first consider the sublattices L of the E_8 lattice obtained by removing one node from the extended E_8 diagram at each time. We then construct a certain coset (or commutant) subalgebra U associated with L in the lattice VOA V_{\\sqrt{2}E_8}. There are two natural conformal vectors of central ...

  7. Balanced Tripartite Entanglement, the Alternating Group A4 and the Lie Algebra $sl(3,C) \\oplus u(1)$

    CERN Document Server

    Planat, Michel; Saniga, Metod

    2009-01-01

    We discuss three important classes of three-qubit entangled states and their encoding into quantum gates, finite groups and Lie algebras. States of the GHZ and W-type correspond to pure tripartite and bipartite entanglement, respectively. We introduce another generic class B of three-qubit states, that have balanced entanglement over two and three parties. We show how to realize the largest cristallographic group $W(E_8)$ in terms of three-qubit gates (with real entries) encoding states of type GHZ or W [M. Planat, {\\it Clifford group dipoles and the enactment of Weyl/Coxeter group $W(E_8)$ by entangling gates}, Preprint 0904.3691 (quant-ph)]. Then, we describe a peculiar "condensation" of $W(E_8)$ into the four-letter alternating group $A_4$, obtained from a chain of maximal subgroups. Group $A_4$ is realized from two B-type generators and found to correspond to the Lie algebra $sl(3,\\mathbb{C})\\oplus u(1)$. Possible applications of our findings to particle physics and the structure of genetic code are also ...

  8. Homotopy of operads and Grothendieck–Teichmüller groups part 1 the algebraic theory and its topological background

    CERN Document Server

    Fresse, Benoit

    2017-01-01

    The Grothendieck-Teichmüller group was defined by Drinfeld in quantum group theory with insights coming from the Grothendieck program in Galois theory. The ultimate goal of this book is to explain that this group has a topological interpretation as a group of homotopy automorphisms associated to the operad of little 2-discs, which is an object used to model commutative homotopy structures in topology. This volume gives a comprehensive survey on the algebraic aspects of this subject. The book explains the definition of an operad in a general context, reviews the definition of the little discs operads, and explains the definition of the Grothendieck-Teichmüller group from the viewpoint of the theory of operads. In the course of this study, the relationship between the little discs operads and the definition of universal operations associated to braided monoidal category structures is explained. Also provided is a comprehensive and self-contained survey of the applications of Hopf algebras to the definition of...

  9. Basic algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Jacobson, Nathan

    2009-01-01

    A classic text and standard reference for a generation, this volume and its companion are the work of an expert algebraist who taught at Yale for two decades. Nathan Jacobson's books possess a conceptual and theoretical orientation, and in addition to their value as classroom texts, they serve as valuable references.Volume I explores all of the topics typically covered in undergraduate courses, including the rudiments of set theory, group theory, rings, modules, Galois theory, polynomials, linear algebra, and associative algebra. Its comprehensive treatment extends to such rigorous topics as L

  10. Algebraic partial Boolean algebras

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Smith, Derek [Math Department, Lafayette College, Easton, PA 18042 (United States)

    2003-04-04

    Partial Boolean algebras, first studied by Kochen and Specker in the 1960s, provide the structure for Bell-Kochen-Specker theorems which deny the existence of non-contextual hidden variable theories. In this paper, we study partial Boolean algebras which are 'algebraic' in the sense that their elements have coordinates in an algebraic number field. Several of these algebras have been discussed recently in a debate on the validity of Bell-Kochen-Specker theorems in the context of finite precision measurements. The main result of this paper is that every algebraic finitely-generated partial Boolean algebra B(T) is finite when the underlying space H is three-dimensional, answering a question of Kochen and showing that Conway and Kochen's infinite algebraic partial Boolean algebra has minimum dimension. This result contrasts the existence of an infinite (non-algebraic) B(T) generated by eight elements in an abstract orthomodular lattice of height 3. We then initiate a study of higher-dimensional algebraic partial Boolean algebras. First, we describe a restriction on the determinants of the elements of B(T) that are generated by a given set T. We then show that when the generating set T consists of the rays spanning the minimal vectors in a real irreducible root lattice, B(T) is infinite just if that root lattice has an A{sub 5} sublattice. Finally, we characterize the rays of B(T) when T consists of the rays spanning the minimal vectors of the root lattice E{sub 8}.

  11. Quantum cluster algebras and quantum nilpotent algebras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodearl, Kenneth R.; Yakimov, Milen T.

    2014-01-01

    A major direction in the theory of cluster algebras is to construct (quantum) cluster algebra structures on the (quantized) coordinate rings of various families of varieties arising in Lie theory. We prove that all algebras in a very large axiomatically defined class of noncommutative algebras possess canonical quantum cluster algebra structures. Furthermore, they coincide with the corresponding upper quantum cluster algebras. We also establish analogs of these results for a large class of Poisson nilpotent algebras. Many important families of coordinate rings are subsumed in the class we are covering, which leads to a broad range of applications of the general results to the above-mentioned types of problems. As a consequence, we prove the Berenstein–Zelevinsky conjecture [Berenstein A, Zelevinsky A (2005) Adv Math 195:405–455] for the quantized coordinate rings of double Bruhat cells and construct quantum cluster algebra structures on all quantum unipotent groups, extending the theorem of Geiß et al. [Geiß C, et al. (2013) Selecta Math 19:337–397] for the case of symmetric Kac–Moody groups. Moreover, we prove that the upper cluster algebras of Berenstein et al. [Berenstein A, et al. (2005) Duke Math J 126:1–52] associated with double Bruhat cells coincide with the corresponding cluster algebras. PMID:24982197

  12. Algebraic and analytic Dirac induction for graded affine Hecke algebras

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ciubotaru, D.; Opdam, E.M.; Trapa, P.E.

    2014-01-01

    We define the algebraic Dirac induction map IndD for graded affine Hecke algebras. The map IndD is a Hecke algebra analog of the explicit realization of the Baum-Connes assembly map in the K-theory of the reduced C∗-algebra of a real reductive group using Dirac operators. The definition of IndD is

  13. THE TRACE SPACE INVARIANT AND UNITARY GROUP OF C*-ALGEBRA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方小春

    2003-01-01

    Let A be a unital C*-algebra, n ∈ N ∪ {∞}. It is proved that the isomorphism △n :Un0(A)/DUn0(A) → AffT(A)/△n0(π1(Un0(A))) is isometric for some suitable distances. Asan application, the author has the split exact sequence 0 → AffT(A)/△n0(π1(Un0(A))) iA→Un(A)/DUn(A) πA→ Un(A)/Un0(A) → 0 with iA contractive (and isometric if n = ∞) under certain condition of A.

  14. The κ-(A)dS quantum algebra in (3 + 1) dimensions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ballesteros, Ángel; Herranz, Francisco J.; Musso, Fabio; Naranjo, Pedro

    2017-03-01

    The quantum duality principle is used to obtain explicitly the Poisson analogue of the κ-(A)dS quantum algebra in (3 + 1) dimensions as the corresponding Poisson-Lie structure on the dual solvable Lie group. The construction is fully performed in a kinematical basis and deformed Casimir functions are also explicitly obtained. The cosmological constant Λ is included as a Poisson-Lie group contraction parameter, and the limit Λ → 0 leads to the well-known κ-Poincaré algebra in the bicrossproduct basis. A twisted version with Drinfel'd double structure of this κ-(A)dS deformation is sketched.

  15. Centralizers of Iwahori-Hecke Algebras Ⅱ:The General Case

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Andrew Francis

    2003-01-01

    This paper is a sequel to [4]. We establish the minimal basis theory for the centralizers of parabolic subalgebras of Iwahori-Hecke algebras associated to finite Coxeter groups of any type, generalizing the approach introduced in [3]from centres to the centralizer case. As a pre-requisite, we prove a reducibility property in the twisted J-conjugacy classes in finite Coxeter groups, which is a generalization of results in [7] and [4].

  16. Noncommutative Fourier Analysis on Invariant Subspaces: Frames of Unitary Orbits and Hilbert Modules over Group von Neumann Algebras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Davide Barbieri

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This is a joint work with E. Hernández, J. Parcet and V. Paternostro. We will discuss the structure of bases and frames of unitary orbits of discrete groups in invariant subspaces of separable Hilbert spaces. These invariant spaces can be characterized, by means of Fourier intertwining operators, as modules whose rings of coefficients are given by the group von Neumann algebra, endowed with an unbounded operator valued pairing which defines a noncommutative Hilbert structure. Frames and bases obtained by countable families of orbits have noncommutative counterparts in these Hilbert modules, given by countable families of operators satisfying generalized reproducing conditions. These results extend key notions of Fourier and wavelet analysis to general unitary actions of discrete groups, such as crystallographic transformations on the Euclidean plane or discrete Heisenberg groups.

  17. Reflection equation algebras, coideal subalgebras, and their centres

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kolb, S.; Stokman, J.V.

    2009-01-01

    Reflection equation algebras and related U-q(g)-comodule algebras appear in various constructions of quantum homogeneous spaces and can be obtained via transmutation or equivalently via twisting by a cocycle. In this paper we investigate algebraic and representation theoretic properties of such so c

  18. Algebraic Statistics

    OpenAIRE

    Norén, Patrik

    2013-01-01

    Algebraic statistics brings together ideas from algebraic geometry, commutative algebra, and combinatorics to address problems in statistics and its applications. Computer algebra provides powerful tools for the study of algorithms and software. However, these tools are rarely prepared to address statistical challenges and therefore new algebraic results need often be developed. This way of interplay between algebra and statistics fertilizes both disciplines. Algebraic statistics is a relativ...

  19. The Green formula and heredity of algebras

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    [1]Green, J. A., Hall algebras, hereditary algebras and quantum groups, Invent. Math. 1995, 120: 361-377.[2]Ringel, C. M., Green's theorem on Hall algebras, in Representations of Algebras and Related Topics, CMS Conference Proceedings 19, Providence, 1996, 185-245.[3]Xiao J., Drinfeld double and Ringel-Green theory of Hall Algebras, J. Algebra, 1997, 190: 100-144.[4]Sevenhant, B., Van den Bergh, M., A relation between a conjecture of Kac and the structure of the Hall algebra,J. Pure Appl. Algebra, 2001, 160: 319-332.[5]Deng B., Xiao, J., On double Ringel-Hall algebras, J. Algebra, 2002, 251: 110-149.

  20. Algebraic Bethe ansatz for the quantum group invariant open XXZ chain at roots of unity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gainutdinov, Azat M.; Nepomechie, Rafael I.

    2016-08-01

    For generic values of q, all the eigenvectors of the transfer matrix of the Uq sl (2)-invariant open spin-1/2 XXZ chain with finite length N can be constructed using the algebraic Bethe ansatz (ABA) formalism of Sklyanin. However, when q is a root of unity (q =e iπ / p with integer p ≥ 2), the Bethe equations acquire continuous solutions, and the transfer matrix develops Jordan cells. Hence, there appear eigenvectors of two new types: eigenvectors corresponding to continuous solutions (exact complete p-strings), and generalized eigenvectors. We propose general ABA constructions for these two new types of eigenvectors. We present many explicit examples, and we construct complete sets of (generalized) eigenvectors for various values of p and N.

  1. Algebraic Bethe ansatz for the quantum group invariant open XXZ chain at roots of unity

    CERN Document Server

    Gainutdinov, Azat M

    2016-01-01

    For generic values of q, all the eigenvectors of the transfer matrix of the U_q sl(2)-invariant open spin-1/2 XXZ chain with finite length N can be constructed using the algebraic Bethe ansatz (ABA) formalism of Sklyanin. However, when q is a root of unity (q=exp(i pi/p) with integer p>1), the Bethe equations acquire continuous solutions, and the transfer matrix develops Jordan cells. Hence, there appear eigenvectors of two new types: eigenvectors corresponding to continuous solutions (exact complete p-strings), and generalized eigenvectors. We propose general ABA constructions for these two new types of eigenvectors. We present many explicit examples, and we construct complete sets of (generalized) eigenvectors for various values of p and N.

  2. The first cohomology of the mapping class group with coefficients in algebraic functions on the SL2(C) moduli space

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Jørgen Ellegaard; Villemoes, Rasmus

    2009-01-01

    Consider a compact surface of genus at least two. We prove that the first cohomology group of the mapping class group with coefficients in the space of algebraic functions on the SL2(C) moduli space vanishes. In the genus one case, this cohomology group is infinite dimensional....

  3. Lie Algebra of Noncommutative Inhomogeneous Hopf Algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Lagraa, M

    1997-01-01

    We construct the vector space dual to the space of right-invariant differential forms construct from a first order differential calculus on inhomogeneous quantum group. We show that this vector space is equipped with a structure of a Hopf algebra which closes on a noncommutative Lie algebra satisfying a Jacobi identity.

  4. Noncommutative Cartan sub-algebras of C*-algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Exel, Ruy

    2008-01-01

    J. Renault has recently found a generalization of the caracterization of C*-diagonals obtained by A. Kumjian in the eighties, which in turn is a C*-algebraic version of J. Feldman and C. Moore's well known Theorem on Cartan subalgebras of von Neumann algebras. Here we propose to give a version of Renault's result in which the Cartan subalgebra is not necessarily commutative [sic]. Instead of describing a Cartan pair as a twisted groupoid C*-algebra we use N. Sieben's notion of Fell bundles over inverse semigroups which we believe should be thought of as "twisted etale groupoids with noncommutative unit space". En passant we prove a theorem on uniqueness of conditional expectations.

  5. Cohomology of Effect Algebras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frank Roumen

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available We will define two ways to assign cohomology groups to effect algebras, which occur in the algebraic study of quantum logic. The first way is based on Connes' cyclic cohomology. The resulting cohomology groups are related to the state space of the effect algebra, and can be computed using variations on the Kunneth and Mayer-Vietoris sequences. The second way involves a chain complex of ordered abelian groups, and gives rise to a cohomological characterization of state extensions on effect algebras. This has applications to no-go theorems in quantum foundations, such as Bell's theorem.

  6. Affine Kac-Moody algebras, CHL strings and the classification of tops

    CERN Document Server

    Bouchard, Vincent; Bouchard, Vincent; Skarke, Harald

    2003-01-01

    Candelas and Font introduced the notion of a `top' as half of a three dimensional reflexive polytope and noticed that Dynkin diagrams of enhanced gauge groups in string theory can be read off from them. We classify all tops satisfying a generalized definition as a lattice polytope with one facet containing the origin and the other facets at distance one from the origin. These objects torically encode the local geometry of a degeneration of an elliptic fibration. We give a prescription for assigning an affine, possibly twisted Kac-Moody algebra to any such top (and more generally to any elliptic fibration structure) in a precise way that involves the lengths of simple roots and the coefficients of null roots. Tops related to twisted Kac-Moody algebras can be used to construct string compactifications with reduced rank of the gauge group.

  7. Algebraic geometry

    CERN Document Server

    Lefschetz, Solomon

    2005-01-01

    An introduction to algebraic geometry and a bridge between its analytical-topological and algebraical aspects, this text for advanced undergraduate students is particularly relevant to those more familiar with analysis than algebra. 1953 edition.

  8. On the cohomology of Leibniz conformal algebras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jiao

    2015-04-01

    We construct a new cohomology complex of Leibniz conformal algebras with coefficients in a representation instead of a module. The low-dimensional cohomology groups of this complex are computed. Meanwhile, we construct a Leibniz algebra from a Leibniz conformal algebra and prove that the category of Leibniz conformal algebras is equivalent to the category of equivalence classes of formal distribution Leibniz algebras.

  9. Chiral algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Beilinson, Alexander

    2004-01-01

    Chiral algebras form the primary algebraic structure of modern conformal field theory. Each chiral algebra lives on an algebraic curve, and in the special case where this curve is the affine line, chiral algebras invariant under translations are the same as well-known and widely used vertex algebras. The exposition of this book covers the following topics: the "classical" counterpart of the theory, which is an algebraic theory of non-linear differential equations and their symmetries; the local aspects of the theory of chiral algebras, including the study of some basic examples, such as the ch

  10. Algebraic Structure of Dynamical Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-05-22

    Scholar project report; no. 461 (2017) ALGEBRAIC STRUCTURE OF DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS by MIDN 1/C James P. Talisse United States Naval Academy Annapolis, MD...based on the structure of algebraic objects associated with it. In this project we study two algebraic objects, centralizers and topological full groups...group completely defines the system up to time reversal. We apply numerical estimates to draw conclusions about the algebraic properties of this group

  11. Noncommutative principal bundles through twist deformation

    CERN Document Server

    Aschieri, Paolo; Pagani, Chiara; Schenkel, Alexander

    2016-01-01

    We construct noncommutative principal bundles deforming principal bundles with a Drinfeld twist (2-cocycle). If the twist is associated with the structure group then we have a deformation of the fibers. If the twist is associated with the automorphism group of the principal bundle, then we obtain noncommutative deformations of the base space as well. Combining the two twist deformations we obtain noncommutative principal bundles with both noncommutative fibers and base space. More in general, the natural isomorphisms proving the equivalence of a closed monoidal category of modules and its twist related one are used to obtain new Hopf-Galois extensions as twists of Hopf-Galois extensions. A sheaf approach is also considered, and examples presented.

  12. Lectures in general algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Kurosh, A G; Stark, M; Ulam, S

    1965-01-01

    Lectures in General Algebra is a translation from the Russian and is based on lectures on specialized courses in general algebra at Moscow University. The book starts with the basics of algebra. The text briefly describes the theory of sets, binary relations, equivalence relations, partial ordering, minimum condition, and theorems equivalent to the axiom of choice. The text gives the definition of binary algebraic operation and the concepts of groups, groupoids, and semigroups. The book examines the parallelism between the theory of groups and the theory of rings; such examinations show the

  13. A non-commuting twist in the partition function

    CERN Document Server

    Govindarajan, Suresh

    2012-01-01

    We compute a twisted index for an orbifold theory when the twist generating group does not commute with the orbifold group. The twisted index requires the theory to be defined on moduli spaces that are compatible with the twist. This is carried out for CHL models at special points in the moduli space where they admit dihedral symmetries. The commutator subgroup of the dihedral groups are cyclic groups that are used to construct the CHL orbifolds. The residual reflection symmetry is chosen to act as a `twist' on the partition function. The reflection symmetries do not commute with the orbifolding group and hence we refer to this as a non-commuting twist. We count the degeneracy of half-BPS states using the twisted partition function and find that the contribution comes mainly from the untwisted sector. We show that the generating function for these twisted BPS states are related to the Mathieu group M_{24}.

  14. Quiver Varieties with Multiplicities, Weyl Groups of Non-Symmetric Kac-Moody Algebras, and Painlevé Equations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daisuke Yamakawa

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available To a finite quiver equipped with a positive integer on each of its vertices, we associate a holomorphic symplectic manifold having some parameters. This coincides with Nakajima's quiver variety with no stability parameter/framing if the integers attached on the vertices are all equal to one. The construction of reflection functors for quiver varieties are generalized to our case, in which these relate to simple reflections in the Weyl group of some symmetrizable, possibly non-symmetric Kac-Moody algebra. The moduli spaces of meromorphic connections on the rank 2 trivial bundle over the Riemann sphere are described as our manifolds. In our picture, the list of Dynkin diagrams for Painlevé equations is slightly different from (but equivalent to Okamoto's.

  15. A Note on the Newman-Unti Group and the BMS Charge Algebra in Terms of Newman-Penrose Coefficients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glenn Barnich

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The symmetry algebra of asymptotically flat spacetimes at null infinity in four dimensions in the sense of Newman and Unti is revisited. As in the Bondi-Metzner-Sachs gauge, it is shown to be isomorphic to the direct sum of the abelian algebra of infinitesimal conformal rescalings with 4. The latter algebra is the semidirect sum of infinitesimal supertranslations with the conformal Killing vectors of the Riemann sphere. Infinitesimal local conformal transformations can then consistently be included. We work out the local conformal properties of the relevant Newman-Penrose coefficients, construct the surface charges, and derive their algebra.

  16. Noncommutative Gravity and the *-Lie algebra of diffeomorphisms

    CERN Document Server

    Aschieri, P

    2007-01-01

    We construct functions and tensors on noncommutative spacetime by systematically twisting the corresponding commutative structures. The study of the deformed diffeomorphisms (and Poincare) Lie algebra allows to construct a noncomutative theory of gravity.

  17. Noncommutative Gravity and the *-Lie algebra of diffeomorphisms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aschieri, Paolo

    2008-07-01

    We construct functions and tensors on noncommutative spacetime by systematically twisting the corresponding commutative structures. The study of the deformed diffeomorphisms (and Poincaré) Lie algebra allows to construct a noncomutative theory of gravity.

  18. Hecke algebras with unequal parameters

    CERN Document Server

    Lusztig, G

    2003-01-01

    Hecke algebras arise in representation theory as endomorphism algebras of induced representations. One of the most important classes of Hecke algebras is related to representations of reductive algebraic groups over p-adic or finite fields. In 1979, in the simplest (equal parameter) case of such Hecke algebras, Kazhdan and Lusztig discovered a particular basis (the KL-basis) in a Hecke algebra, which is very important in studying relations between representation theory and geometry of the corresponding flag varieties. It turned out that the elements of the KL-basis also possess very interesting combinatorial properties. In the present book, the author extends the theory of the KL-basis to a more general class of Hecke algebras, the so-called algebras with unequal parameters. In particular, he formulates conjectures describing the properties of Hecke algebras with unequal parameters and presents examples verifying these conjectures in particular cases. Written in the author's precise style, the book gives rese...

  19. On the Chern-Gauss-Bonnet Theorem and Conformally Twisted Spectral Triples for C-Dynamical Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fathizadeh, Farzad; Gabriel, Olivier

    2016-01-01

    subalgebra A ⊂ A as noncommutative dif ferential forms on the dynamical system. We conformally perturb the standard metric, which is associated with the unique G-invariant state on A, by means of a Weyl conformal factor given by a positive invertible element of the algebra, and consider the Hermitian......The analog of the Chern–Gauss–Bonnet theorem is studied for a C ∗ -dynamical system consisting of a C ∗ -algebra A equipped with an ergodic action of a compact Lie group G. The structure of the Lie algebra g of G is used to interpret the Chevalley–Eilenberg complex with coef ficients in the smooth...... construction of a spectral triple on A and a twisted spectral triple on its opposite algebra. The conformal invariance of the Euler characteristic is interpreted as an indication of the Chern–Gauss–Bonnet theorem in this setting. The spectral triples encoding the conformally perturbed metrics are shown...

  20. The First Cohomology Group of the Trivial Extension of the Fibonacci Algebra%Fibonacci代数平凡扩张的一阶Hochschild上同调群

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范金梅

    2009-01-01

    基于Cibils等人对单项式代数的向量空间Alt(DA)的组合描绘,得到了Fibonacci代数平凡扩张的一阶Hochschild上同调群的维数.%Based on the conclusions of the vector space Alt (DA) of the monimal algebras described by Cibils and so ,,n, the dimensions of the first cohomology group of the trivial.extension of the Fibonacci algebra is calculated explicitly in terms of combinatorics.

  1. The restricted Weyl group of the Cuntz algebra and shift endomorphism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Conti, Roberto; Hong, Jeong Hee; Szymanski, Wojciech

    2012-01-01

    It is shown that, modulo the automorphisms which fix the canonical diagonal MASA point-wise, the group of those automorphisms of O_n which globally preserve both the diagonal and the core UHF-subalgebra is isomorphic, via restriction, with the group of those homeomorphisms of the full one-sided n...

  2. Research on Group Learning and Cognitive Science: A Study of Motivation, Knowledge, and Self-Regulation in a Large Lecture College Algebra Class

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, David; Schraeder, Matthew

    2015-01-01

    At a research University near the east coast, researchers restructured a College Algebra course by formatting the course into two large lectures a week, an active recitation size laboratory class once a week, and an extra day devoted to active group work called Supplemental Practice (SP). SP was added as an extra day of class where the SP leader…

  3. Twisted Bundle on Noncommutative Space and U(1) Instanton

    CERN Document Server

    Ho, P M

    2000-01-01

    We study the notion of twisted bundles on noncommutative space. Due to theexistence of projective operators in the algebra of functions on thenoncommutative space, there are twisted bundles with non-constant dimension.The U(1) instanton solution of Nekrasov and Schwarz is such an example. As amathematical motivation for not excluding such bundles, we find gaugetransformations by which a bundle with constant dimension can be equivalent toa bundle with non-constant dimension.

  4. Semi-Hopf Algebra and Supersymmetry

    OpenAIRE

    Gunara, Bobby Eka

    1999-01-01

    We define a semi-Hopf algebra which is more general than a Hopf algebra. Then we construct the supersymmetry algebra via the adjoint action on this semi-Hopf algebra. As a result we have a supersymmetry theory with quantum gauge group, i.e., quantised enveloping algebra of a simple Lie algebra. For the example, we construct the Lagrangian N=1 and N=2 supersymmetry.

  5. Matrix theory compactifications on twisted tori

    CERN Document Server

    Chatzistavrakidis, Athanasios

    2012-01-01

    We study compactifications of Matrix theory on twisted tori and non-commutative versions of them. As a first step, we review the construction of multidimensional twisted tori realized as nilmanifolds based on certain nilpotent Lie algebras. Subsequently, matrix compactifications on tori are revisited and the previously known results are supplemented with a background of a non-commutative torus with non-constant non-commutativity and an underlying non-associative structure on its phase space. Next we turn our attention to 3- and 6-dimensional twisted tori and we describe consistent backgrounds of Matrix theory on them by stating and solving the conditions which describe the corresponding compactification. Both commutative and non-commutative solutions are found in all cases. Finally, we comment on the correspondence among the obtained solutions and flux compactifications of 11-dimensional supergravity, as well as on relations among themselves, such as Seiberg-Witten maps and T-duality.

  6. The Boolean algebra and central Galois algebras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George Szeto

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Let B be a Galois algebra with Galois group G, Jg={b∈B∣bx=g(xb   for all   x∈B} for g∈G, and BJg=Beg for a central idempotent eg. Then a relation is given between the set of elements in the Boolean algebra (Ba,≤ generated by {0,eg∣g∈G} and a set of subgroups of G, and a central Galois algebra Be with a Galois subgroup of G is characterized for an e∈Ba.

  7. Topological ∗-algebras with *-enveloping Algebras II

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    S J Bhatt

    2001-02-01

    Universal *-algebras *() exist for certain topological ∗-algebras called algebras with a *-enveloping algebra. A Frechet ∗-algebra has a *-enveloping algebra if and only if every operator representation of maps into bounded operators. This is proved by showing that every unbounded operator representation , continuous in the uniform topology, of a topological ∗-algebra , which is an inverse limit of Banach ∗-algebras, is a direct sum of bounded operator representations, thereby factoring through the enveloping pro-* algebra () of . Given a *-dynamical system (, , ), any topological ∗-algebra containing (, ) as a dense ∗-subalgebra and contained in the crossed product *-algebra *(, , ) satisfies ()=*(, , ). If $G = \\mathbb{R}$, if is an -invariant dense Frechet ∗-subalgebra of such that () = , and if the action on is -tempered, smooth and by continuous ∗-automorphisms: then the smooth Schwartz crossed product $S(\\mathbb{R}, B, )$ satisfies $E(S(\\mathbb{R}, B, )) = C^*(\\mathbb{R}, A, )$. When is a Lie group, the ∞-elements ∞(), the analytic elements () as well as the entire analytic elements () carry natural topologies making them algebras with a *-enveloping algebra. Given a non-unital *-algebra , an inductive system of ideals is constructed satisfying $A = C^*-\\mathrm{ind} \\lim I_$; and the locally convex inductive limit $\\mathrm{ind}\\lim I_$ is an -convex algebra with the *-enveloping algebra and containing the Pedersen ideal of . Given generators with weakly Banach admissible relations , we construct universal topological ∗-algebra (, ) and show that it has a *-enveloping algebra if and only if (, ) is *-admissible.

  8. Noncommutative geometry, Grand Symmetry and twisted spectral triple

    CERN Document Server

    Devastato, Agostino

    2015-01-01

    In the noncommutative geometry approach to the standard model we discuss the possibility to derive the extra scalar field sv- initially suggested by particle physicist to stabilize the electroweak vacuum - from a "grand algebra" that contains the usual standard model algebra. We introduce the Connes-Moscovici twisted spectral triples for the Grand Symmetry model, to cure a technical problem, that is the appearance, together with the field sv, of unbounded vectorial terms. The twist makes these terms bounded, and also permits to understand the breaking making the computation of the Higgs mass compatible with the 126 GeV experimental value.

  9. Algebraic orders on $K_{0}$ and approximately finite operator algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Power, S C

    1993-01-01

    This is a revised and corrected version of a preprint circulated in 1990 in which various non-self-adjoint limit algebras are classified. The principal invariant is the scaled $K_0$ group together with the algebraic order on the scale induced by partial isometries in the algebra.

  10. Twisted spectral geometry for the standard model

    CERN Document Server

    Martinetti, Pierre

    2015-01-01

    The Higgs field is a connection one-form as the other bosonic fields, provided one describes space no more as a manifold M but as a slightly non-commutative generalization of it. This is well encoded within the theory of spectral triples: all the bosonic fields of the standard model - including the Higgs - are obtained on the same footing, as fluctuations of a generalized Dirac operator by a matrix-value algebra of functions on M. In the commutative case, fluctuations of the usual free Dirac operator by the complex-value algebra A of smooth functions on M vanish, and so do not generate any bosonic field. We show that imposing a twist in the sense of Connes-Moscovici forces to double the algebra A, but does not require to modify the space of spinors on which it acts. This opens the way to twisted fluctuations of the free Dirac operator, that yield a perturbation of the spin connection. Applied to the standard model, a similar twist yields in addition the extra scalar field needed to stabilize the electroweak v...

  11. Group momentum space and Hopf algebra symmetries of point particles coupled to 2+1 gravity

    CERN Document Server

    Arzano, Michele; Lotito, Matteo

    2014-01-01

    We present an in-depth investigation of the $SL(2,\\mathbb{R})$ momentum space describing point particles coupled to Einstein gravity in three space-time dimensions. We introduce different sets of coordinates on the group manifold and discuss their properties under Lorentz transformations. In particular we show how a certain set of coordinates exhibits an upper bound on the energy under deformed Lorentz boosts which saturate at the Planck energy. We discuss how this deformed symmetry framework is generally described by a quantum deformation of the Poincar\\'e group: the quantum double of $SL(2,\\mathbb{R})$. We then illustrate how the space of functions on the group manifold momentum space has a dual representation on a non-commutative space of coordinates via a (quantum) group Fourier transform. In this context we explore the connection between Weyl maps and different notions of (quantum) group Fourier transform appeared in the literature in the past years and establish relations between them. Finally we write ...

  12. New Hardy Spaces Associated with Herz Spaces and Beurling Algebras on Homogeneous Groups

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yin Sheng JIANG

    2002-01-01

    The author introduces the Hardy spaces associated with the Herz spaces and the Beurlingalgebras on homogeneous groups and establishes their atomic decomposition characterizations. As theapplications of this decomposition, the duals of these Hardy spaces and the boundedness of the centralδ-Calderon-Zygmund operators on these Hardy spaces are studied.

  13. Fundamentals of Hopf algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Underwood, Robert G

    2015-01-01

    This text aims to provide graduate students with a self-contained introduction to topics that are at the forefront of modern algebra, namely, coalgebras, bialgebras, and Hopf algebras.  The last chapter (Chapter 4) discusses several applications of Hopf algebras, some of which are further developed in the author’s 2011 publication, An Introduction to Hopf Algebras.  The book may be used as the main text or as a supplementary text for a graduate algebra course.  Prerequisites for this text include standard material on groups, rings, modules, algebraic extension fields, finite fields, and linearly recursive sequences. The book consists of four chapters. Chapter 1 introduces algebras and coalgebras over a field K; Chapter 2 treats bialgebras; Chapter 3 discusses Hopf algebras and Chapter 4 consists of three applications of Hopf algebras. Each chapter begins with a short overview and ends with a collection of exercises which are designed to review and reinforce the material. Exercises range from straightforw...

  14. Perturbation semigroup of matrix algebras

    OpenAIRE

    Neumann, N.; Suijlekom, W.D. van

    2016-01-01

    In this article we analyze the structure of the semigroup of inner perturbations in noncommutative geometry. This perturbation semigroup is associated to a unital associative *-algebra and extends the group of unitary elements of this *-algebra. We compute the perturbation semigroup for all matrix algebras.

  15. A Note on the Connectedness of the Invertible Group of a Nest Algebra

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Min; Yue Hua

    2014-01-01

    The connectedness of the invertibles question for arbitrary nest has been reduced to the case of the lower triangular operators with respect to a fixed orthonor-mal basis en for n > 1. For each f ∈ H∞, let Tf be the Toeplitz operator. In this paper we prove that Tf can be connected to the identity through a path in the invertible group of the lower triangular operators if f satisfies certain conditions.

  16. Coloured Hopf algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Quesne, C

    1997-01-01

    Quite recently, a ``coloured'' extension of the Yang-Baxter equation has appeared in the literature and various solutions of it have been proposed. In the present contribution, we introduce a generalization of Hopf algebras, to be referred to as coloured Hopf algebras, wherein the comultiplication, counit, and antipode maps are labelled by some colour parameters. The latter may take values in any finite, countably infinite, or uncountably infinite set. A straightforward extension of the quasitriangularity property involves a coloured universal ${\\cal R}$-matrix, satisfying the coloured Yang-Baxter equation. We show how coloured Hopf algebras can be constructed from standard ones by using an algebra isomorphism group, called colour group. Finally, we present two examples of coloured quantum universal enveloping algebras.

  17. Twisted Fock representations of noncommutative Kähler manifolds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sako, Akifumi; Umetsu, Hiroshi

    2016-09-01

    We introduce twisted Fock representations of noncommutative Kähler manifolds and give their explicit expressions. The twisted Fock representation is a representation of the Heisenberg like algebra whose states are constructed by applying creation operators to a vacuum state. "Twisted" means that creation operators are not Hermitian conjugate of annihilation operators in this representation. In deformation quantization of Kähler manifolds with separation of variables formulated by Karabegov, local complex coordinates and partial derivatives of the Kähler potential with respect to coordinates satisfy the commutation relations between the creation and annihilation operators. Based on these relations, we construct the twisted Fock representation of noncommutative Kähler manifolds and give a dictionary to translate between the twisted Fock representations and functions on noncommutative Kähler manifolds concretely.

  18. Twisted Fock Representations of Noncommutative K\\"ahler Manifolds

    CERN Document Server

    Sako, Akifumi

    2016-01-01

    We introduce twisted Fock representations of noncommutative K\\"ahler manifolds and give their explicit expressions. The twisted Fock representation is a representation of the Heisenberg like algebra whose states are constructed by acting creation operators on a vacuum state. "Twisted" means that creation operators are not hermitian conjugate of annihilation operators in this representation. In deformation quantization of K\\"ahler manifolds with separation of variables formulated by Karabegov, local complex coordinates and partial derivatives of the K\\"ahler potential with respect to coordinates satisfy the commutation relations between the creation and annihilation operators. Based on these relations, we construct the twisted Fock representation of noncommutative K\\"ahler manifolds and give a dictionary to translate between the twisted Fock representations and functions on noncommutative K\\"ahler manifolds concretely.

  19. Tensor products of commutative Banach algebras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    U. B. Tewari

    1982-01-01

    Full Text Available Let A1, A2 be commutative semisimple Banach algebras and A1⊗∂A2 be their projective tensor product. We prove that, if A1⊗∂A2 is a group algebra (measure algebra of a locally compact abelian group, then so are A1 and A2. As a consequence, we prove that, if G is a locally compact abelian group and A is a comutative semi-simple Banach algebra, then the Banach algebra L1(G,A of A-valued Bochner integrable functions on G is a group algebra if and only if A is a group algebra. Furthermore, if A has the Radon-Nikodym property, then the Banach algebra M(G,A of A-valued regular Borel measures of bounded variation on G is a measure algebra only if A is a measure algebra.

  20. Automorphic Forms and Lorentzian Kac-Moody Algebras, 1

    CERN Document Server

    Gritsenko, V A; Gritsenko, Valeri A.; Nikulin, Viacheslav V.

    1996-01-01

    Using the general method which was applied to prove finiteness of the set of hyperbolic generalized Cartan matrices of elliptic and parabolic type, we classify all symmetric (and twisted to symmetric) hyperbolic generalized Cartan matrices of elliptic type and of rank 3 with a lattice Weyl vector. We develop the general theory of reflective lattices T with 2 negative squares and reflective automorphic forms on homogeneous domains of type IV defined by T. We consider this theory as mirror symmetric to the theory of elliptic and parabolic hyperbolic reflection groups and corresponding hyperbolic root systems. We formulate Arithmetic Mirror Symmetry Conjecture relating both these theories and prove some statements to support this Conjecture. This subject is connected with automorphic correction of Lorentzian Kac--Moody algebras. We define Lie reflective automorphic forms which are the most beautiful automorphic forms defining automorphic Lorentzian Kac--Moody algebras, and we formulate finiteness Conjecture for ...

  1. The Maximal Graded Left Quotient Algebra of a Graded Algebra

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gonzalo ARANDA PINO; Mercedes SILES MOLINA

    2006-01-01

    We construct the maximal graded left quotient algebra of every graded algebra A without homogeneous total right zero divisors as the direct limit of graded homomorphisms (of left A-modules)from graded dense left ideals of A into a graded left quotient algebra of A. In the case of a superalgebra,and with some extra hypothesis, we prove that the component in the neutral element of the group of the maximal graded left quotient algebra coincides with the maximal left quotient algebra of the component in the neutral element of the group of the superalgebra.

  2. Twisted boundary states in c=1 coset conformal field theories

    CERN Document Server

    Ishikawa, H; Ishikawa, Hiroshi; Yamaguchi, Atsushi

    2003-01-01

    We study the mutual consistency of twisted boundary conditions in the coset conformal field theory G/H. We calculate the overlap of the twisted boundary states of G/H with the untwisted ones, and show that the twisted boundary states are consistently defined in the diagonal modular invariant. The overlap of the twisted boundary states is expressed by the branching functions of a twisted affine Lie algebra. As a check of our argument, we study the diagonal coset theory so(2n)_1 \\oplus so(2n)_1/so(2n)_2, which is equivalent with the orbifold S^1/\\Z_2. We construct the boundary states twisted by the automorphisms of the unextended Dynkin diagram of so(2n), and show their mutual consistency by identifying their counterpart in the orbifold. For the triality of so(8), the twisted states of the coset theory correspond to neither the Neumann nor the Dirichlet boundary states of the orbifold and yield the conformal boundary states that preserve only the Virasoro algebra.

  3. Quantum cluster algebra structures on quantum nilpotent algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Goodearl, K R

    2017-01-01

    All algebras in a very large, axiomatically defined class of quantum nilpotent algebras are proved to possess quantum cluster algebra structures under mild conditions. Furthermore, it is shown that these quantum cluster algebras always equal the corresponding upper quantum cluster algebras. Previous approaches to these problems for the construction of (quantum) cluster algebra structures on (quantized) coordinate rings arising in Lie theory were done on a case by case basis relying on the combinatorics of each concrete family. The results of the paper have a broad range of applications to these problems, including the construction of quantum cluster algebra structures on quantum unipotent groups and quantum double Bruhat cells (the Berenstein-Zelevinsky conjecture), and treat these problems from a unified perspective. All such applications also establish equality between the constructed quantum cluster algebras and their upper counterparts.

  4. Random Assignment of Schools to Groups in the Drug Resistance Strategies Rural Project: Some New Methodological Twists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pettigrew, Jonathan; Miller-Day, Michelle; Krieger, Janice L.; Zhou, Jiangxiu; Hecht, Michael L.

    2014-01-01

    Random assignment to groups is the foundation for scientifically rigorous clinical trials. But assignment is challenging in group randomized trials when only a few units (schools) are assigned to each condition. In the DRSR project, we assigned 39 rural Pennsylvania and Ohio schools to three conditions (rural, classic, control). But even with 13 schools per condition, achieving pretest equivalence on important variables is not guaranteed. We collected data on six important school-level variables: rurality, number of grades in the school, enrollment per grade, percent white, percent receiving free/assisted lunch, and test scores. Key to our procedure was the inclusion of school-level drug use data, available for a subset of the schools. Also, key was that we handled the partial data with modern missing data techniques. We chose to create one composite stratifying variable based on the seven school-level variables available. Principal components analysis with the seven variables yielded two factors, which were averaged to form the composite inflate-suppress (CIS) score which was the basis of stratification. The CIS score was broken into three strata within each state; schools were assigned at random to the three program conditions from within each stratum, within each state. Results showed that program group membership was unrelated to the CIS score, the two factors making up the CIS score, and the seven items making up the factors. Program group membership was not significantly related to pretest measures of drug use (alcohol, cigarettes, marijuana, chewing tobacco; smallest p>.15), thus verifying that pretest equivalence was achieved. PMID:23722619

  5. Computer Algebra.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pavelle, Richard; And Others

    1981-01-01

    Describes the nature and use of computer algebra and its applications to various physical sciences. Includes diagrams illustrating, among others, a computer algebra system and flow chart of operation of the Euclidean algorithm. (SK)

  6. Modern algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Warner, Seth

    1990-01-01

    Standard text provides an exceptionally comprehensive treatment of every aspect of modern algebra. Explores algebraic structures, rings and fields, vector spaces, polynomials, linear operators, much more. Over 1,300 exercises. 1965 edition.

  7. Boolean algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Goodstein, R L

    2007-01-01

    This elementary treatment by a distinguished mathematician employs Boolean algebra as a simple medium for introducing important concepts of modern algebra. Numerous examples appear throughout the text, plus full solutions.

  8. Algebraic Topology

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    The chapter provides an introduction to the basic concepts of Algebraic Topology with an emphasis on motivation from applications in the physical sciences. It finishes with a brief review of computational work in algebraic topology, including persistent homology.

  9. ON △-GOOD MODULE CATEGORIES OF QUASI-HEREDITARY ALGEBRAS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DENGBANGMING; XICHANGCHANG

    1997-01-01

    A useful reduction is presented to determine the finiteness of △-good module category F(△)of a quasi-heredltary algebra. As an application of the reduction, the f(△)-finitenetess of quasi-hereditary M-twisted double incidence algebras of posets is discussed. In particular, a complete classification of F(△)-finite M-twisted double incidence algebras is given in case the posets are linearly ordered.

  10. Deformation Retraction of Groups and Toeplitz Algebras%群的形变收缩及Toeplitz代数

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许庆祥

    2006-01-01

    设G为一个离散群,(G,G+)为一个拟偏序群使得G0+=G+∩G0-1为G的非平凡子群.令[G]为G关于G0+的左倍集全体,|G+|为|G|的正部.记TG+和T[G+]为相应的Toeplitz代数.当存在一个从G到G0+上的形变收缩映照时,我们证明了TG+酉同构于T[G+]( ) Cr*(G0+)的一个C*-子代数.若进一步,G0+还为G的一个正规子群,则TG+与T[G+]( )Cr*(G0+)酉同构.%Let (G, G+) be a quasi-partial ordered group such that G0+ = G+ ∩ G+-1 is a non-trivial subgroup of G. Let [G] be the collection of left cosets and [G+] be its positive.Denote by TG+ and T[G+] the associated Toeplitz algebras. We prove that TG+ is unitarily isomorphic to a C*-subalgebra of T[G+]( ) Cr* (G0+) if there exists a deformation retraction from G onto G0+. Suppose further that G0+ is normal, then TG+ and T[G+] ( )Cr*(G0+) are unitarily equivalent.

  11. On ultraproducts of operator algebras

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI; Weihua

    2005-01-01

    Some basic questions on ultraproducts of C*-algebras and yon Neumann algebras, including the relation to K-theory of C*-algebras are considered. More specifically,we prove that under certain conditions, the K-groups of ultraproduct of C*-algebras are isomorphic to the ultraproduct of respective K-groups of C*-algebras. We also show that the ultraproducts of factors of type Ⅱ1 are prime, i.e. not isomorphic to any non-trivial tensor product.

  12. 2-Cocycles of original deformative Schrdinger-Virasoro algebras

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Both original and twisted Schrdinger-Virasoro algebras, and also their deformations were introduced and investigated in a series of papers by Henkel, Roger and Unterberger. In the present paper we aim at determining the 2-cocycles of original deformative Schrdinger-Virasoro algebras.

  13. Fundamentals of algebraic topology

    CERN Document Server

    Weintraub, Steven H

    2014-01-01

    This rapid and concise presentation of the essential ideas and results of algebraic topology follows the axiomatic foundations pioneered by Eilenberg and Steenrod. The approach of the book is pragmatic: while most proofs are given, those that are particularly long or technical are omitted, and results are stated in a form that emphasizes practical use over maximal generality. Moreover, to better reveal the logical structure of the subject, the separate roles of algebra and topology are illuminated. Assuming a background in point-set topology, Fundamentals of Algebraic Topology covers the canon of a first-year graduate course in algebraic topology: the fundamental group and covering spaces, homology and cohomology, CW complexes and manifolds, and a short introduction to homotopy theory. Readers wishing to deepen their knowledge of algebraic topology beyond the fundamentals are guided by a short but carefully annotated bibliography.

  14. Elements of mathematics algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Bourbaki, Nicolas

    2003-01-01

    This is a softcover reprint of the English translation of 1990 of the revised and expanded version of Bourbaki's, Algèbre, Chapters 4 to 7 (1981). This completes Algebra, 1 to 3, by establishing the theories of commutative fields and modules over a principal ideal domain. Chapter 4 deals with polynomials, rational fractions and power series. A section on symmetric tensors and polynomial mappings between modules, and a final one on symmetric functions, have been added. Chapter 5 was entirely rewritten. After the basic theory of extensions (prime fields, algebraic, algebraically closed, radical extension), separable algebraic extensions are investigated, giving way to a section on Galois theory. Galois theory is in turn applied to finite fields and abelian extensions. The chapter then proceeds to the study of general non-algebraic extensions which cannot usually be found in textbooks: p-bases, transcendental extensions, separability criterions, regular extensions. Chapter 6 treats ordered groups and fields and...

  15. Algebraic circuits

    CERN Document Server

    Lloris Ruiz, Antonio; Parrilla Roure, Luis; García Ríos, Antonio

    2014-01-01

    This book presents a complete and accurate study of algebraic circuits, digital circuits whose performance can be associated with any algebraic structure. The authors distinguish between basic algebraic circuits, such as Linear Feedback Shift Registers (LFSRs) and cellular automata, and algebraic circuits, such as finite fields or Galois fields. The book includes a comprehensive review of representation systems, of arithmetic circuits implementing basic and more complex operations, and of the residue number systems (RNS). It presents a study of basic algebraic circuits such as LFSRs and cellular automata as well as a study of circuits related to Galois fields, including two real cryptographic applications of Galois fields.

  16. Homological Dimensions of the Extension Algebras of Monomial Algebras

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hong Bo SHI

    2015-01-01

    The main objective of this paper is to study the dimension trees and further the homo-logical dimensions of the extension algebras — dual and trivially twisted extensions — with a unified combinatorial approach using the two combinatorial algorithms — Topdown and Bottomup. We first present a more complete and clearer picture of a dimension tree, with which we are then able, on the one hand, to sharpen some results obtained before and furthermore reveal a few more hidden sub-tle homological phenomenons of or connections between the involved algebras; on the other hand, to provide two more effi cient combinatorial algorithms for computing dimension trees, and consequently the homological dimensions as an application. We believe that the more refined complete structural information on dimension trees will be useful to study other homological properties of this class of extension algebras.

  17. Introduction of the Lie group of Lorentz matrices in special relativity. Tangent boost along a worldline and its associated matrix in the Lie algebra. Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Langlois, Michel

    2014-01-01

    In order to generalize the relativistic notion of boost to the case of non inertial particles and to general relativity, we come back to the definition of Lie group of Lorentz matrices and its Lie algebra and we study how this group acts on the Minskowski space. We thus define the notion of tangent boost along a worldline. This notion very general notion gives a useful tool both in special relativity (for non inertial particles or/and for non rectilinear coordinates) and in general relativity. We also introduce a matrix of the Lie algebra which, together with the tangent boost, gives the whole dynamical description of the considered system (acceleration and Thomas rotation). After studying the properties of Lie algebra matrices and of their reduced forms, we show that the Lie group of special Lorentz matrices has four one-parameter subgroups. These tools lead us to introduce the Thomas rotation in a quite general way. At the end of the paper, we present some examples using these tools and we consider the case...

  18. Introduction to algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Cameron, Peter J

    2007-01-01

    This Second Edition of a classic algebra text includes updated and comprehensive introductory chapters,. new material on axiom of Choice, p-groups and local rings, discussion of theory and applications, and over 300 exercises. It is an ideal introductory text for all Year 1 and 2 undergraduate students in mathematics. - ;Developed to meet the needs of modern students, this Second Edition of the classic algebra text by Peter Cameron covers all the abstract algebra an undergraduate student is likely to need. Starting with an introductory overview of numbers, sets and functions, matrices, polynomials, and modular arithmetic, the text then introduces the most important algebraic structures: groups, rings and fields, and their properties. This is followed by coverage of vector spaces and modules with. applications to abelian groups and canonical forms before returning to the construction of the number systems, including the existence of transcendental numbers. The final chapters take the reader further into the th...

  19. Wire harness twisting aid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casey, E. J.; Commadore, C. C.; Ingles, M. E.

    1980-01-01

    Long wire bundles twist into uniform spiral harnesses with help of simple apparatus. Wires pass through spacers and through hand-held tool with hole for each wire. Ends are attached to low speed bench motor. As motor turns, operator moves hand tool away forming smooth twists in wires between motor and tool. Technique produces harnesses that generate less radio-frequency interference than do irregularly twisted cables.

  20. Observable Algebra in Field Algebra of G-spin Models

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋立宁

    2003-01-01

    Field algebra of G-spin models can provide the simplest examples of lattice field theory exhibiting quantum symmetry. Let D(G) be the double algebra of a finite group G and D(H), a sub-algebra of D(G) determined by subgroup H of G. This paper gives concrete generators and the structure of the observable algebra AH, which is a D(H)-invariant sub-algebra in the field algebra of G-spin models F, and shows that AH is a C*-algebra. The correspondence between H and AH is strictly monotonic. Finally, a duality between D(H) and AH is given via an irreducible vacuum C*-representation of F.

  1. Twisted network programming essentials

    CERN Document Server

    Fettig, Abe

    2005-01-01

    Twisted Network Programming Essentials from O'Reilly is a task-oriented look at this new open source, Python-based technology. The book begins with recommendations for various plug-ins and add-ons to enhance the basic package as installed. It then details Twisted's collection simple network protocols, and helper utilities. The book also includes projects that let you try out the Twisted framework for yourself. For example, you'll find examples of using Twisted to build web services applications using the REST architecture, using XML-RPC, and using SOAP. Written for developers who want to s

  2. Algebraic spaces and stacks

    CERN Document Server

    Olsson, Martin

    2016-01-01

    This book is an introduction to the theory of algebraic spaces and stacks intended for graduate students and researchers familiar with algebraic geometry at the level of a first-year graduate course. The first several chapters are devoted to background material including chapters on Grothendieck topologies, descent, and fibered categories. Following this, the theory of algebraic spaces and stacks is developed. The last three chapters discuss more advanced topics including the Keel-Mori theorem on the existence of coarse moduli spaces, gerbes and Brauer groups, and various moduli stacks of curv

  3. Elliptic algebras

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Odesskii, A V [L.D. Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2002-12-31

    This survey is devoted to associative Z{sub {>=}}{sub 0}-graded algebras presented by n generators and n(n-1)/2 quadratic relations and satisfying the so-called Poincare-Birkhoff-Witt condition (PBW-algebras). Examples are considered of such algebras, depending on two continuous parameters (namely, on an elliptic curve and a point on it), that are flat deformations of the polynomial ring in n variables. Diverse properties of these algebras are described, together with their relations to integrable systems, deformation quantization, moduli spaces, and other directions of modern investigations.

  4. Hopf algebras in noncommutative geometry

    CERN Document Server

    Varilly, J C

    2001-01-01

    We give an introductory survey to the use of Hopf algebras in several problems of noncommutative geometry. The main example, the Hopf algebra of rooted trees, is a graded, connected Hopf algebra arising from a universal construction. We show its relation to the algebra of transverse differential operators introduced by Connes and Moscovici in order to compute a local index formula in cyclic cohomology, and to the several Hopf algebras defined by Connes and Kreimer to simplify the combinatorics of perturbative renormalization. We explain how characteristic classes for a Hopf module algebra can be obtained from the cyclic cohomology of the Hopf algebra which acts on it. Finally, we discuss the theory of noncommutative spherical manifolds and show how they arise as homogeneous spaces of certain compact quantum groups.

  5. On extensions of Leibniz algebras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rakhimov, I. S.; Said Husain, Sh. K.; Mohammed, M. A.

    2017-09-01

    This paper is dedicated to the study extensions of Leibniz algebras using the annihilator approach. The extensions methods have been used earlier to classify certain classes of algebras. In the paper we first review and adjust theoretical background of the method for Leibniz algebras then apply it to classify four-dimensional Leibniz algebras over a field K. We obtain complete classification of four-dimensional nilpotent Leibniz algebras. The main idea of the method is to transfer the “base change” action to an action of automorphism group of the algebras of smaller dimension on cocycles constructed by the annihilator extensions. The method can be used to classify low-dimensional Leibniz algebras over other finite fields as well.

  6. Noncommutative algebra and geometry

    CERN Document Server

    De Concini, Corrado; Vavilov, Nikolai 0

    2005-01-01

    Finite Galois Stable Subgroups of Gln. Derived Categories for Nodal Rings and Projective Configurations. Crowns in Profinite Groups and Applications. The Galois Structure of Ambiguous Ideals in Cyclic Extensions of Degree 8. An Introduction to Noncommutative Deformations of Modules. Symmetric Functions, Noncommutative Symmetric Functions and Quasisymmetric Functions II. Quotient Grothendieck Representations. On the Strong Rigidity of Solvable Lie Algebras. The Role of Bergman in Invesigating Identities in Matrix Algebras with Symplectic Involution. The Triangular Structure of Ladder Functors.

  7. Introduction to abstract algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Nicholson, W Keith

    2012-01-01

    Praise for the Third Edition ". . . an expository masterpiece of the highest didactic value that has gained additional attractivity through the various improvements . . ."-Zentralblatt MATH The Fourth Edition of Introduction to Abstract Algebra continues to provide an accessible approach to the basic structures of abstract algebra: groups, rings, and fields. The book's unique presentation helps readers advance to abstract theory by presenting concrete examples of induction, number theory, integers modulo n, and permutations before the abstract structures are defined. Readers can immediately be

  8. Property T** for C*-algebras

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dan LI

    2012-01-01

    Extending the notion of property T of finite von Neumann algebras to general von Neumann algebras,we define and study in this paper property T** for (possibly non-unital) C*-algebras.We obtain several results of property T** parallel to those of property T for unital C*-algebras.Moreover,we show that a discrete group Γ has property T if and only if the group C*-algebra C*(Γ) (or equivalently,the reduced group C*-algebra CΓ*(Γ)) has property T**.We also show that the compact operators K((C)2) has property T** but co does not have property T**.

  9. Overregularity in Oliver Twist

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔祥曼

    2015-01-01

    Oliver Twist is one of the earliest works of Charles Dickens. In this novel, the author uses many writing skills which impress the readers a lot. This paper gives a brief description of overregularity in Oliver Twist at the phonological and syntactical levels.

  10. The Structures for the Loop-Witt Algebra

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiao Min TANG; Zhuo ZHANG

    2012-01-01

    The loop-Witt algebra is the Lie algebra of the tensor product of the Witt algebra and the Laurent polynomial algebra.In this paper we study the universal central extension,derivations and automorphism group for the loop-Witt algebra.

  11. The Modern Explanation by Algebra Group for the Yi-ology%《易经》学说的现代群论解释

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊辉; 蔡思洁

    2012-01-01

    By defining some modem algebraical algorithm and orthogonal transformation rules, it is found that bringing the Yi-ology into Modem Algebra is feasible. Furthermore, it' s also reasonable to establish the Algebra Group and orthogonal transfor- mation on the theory of the nine-grid and eight divinatorytrigram.%《易经》中涉及到简单的数学原理是众多学者的共识。经过深入的研究还可以发现,《易经》中的阴阳、五行和八卦还有纳入近世代数的可能。经过在八卦和九宫图中定义某些代数运算和正交变换等法则,可以发现,在中国古人的阴阳学说与卦象上建立代数群是可行的。

  12. Linear Algebra and Smarandache Linear Algebra

    OpenAIRE

    Vasantha, Kandasamy

    2003-01-01

    The present book, on Smarandache linear algebra, not only studies the Smarandache analogues of linear algebra and its applications, it also aims to bridge the need for new research topics pertaining to linear algebra, purely in the algebraic sense. We have introduced Smarandache semilinear algebra, Smarandache bilinear algebra and Smarandache anti-linear algebra and their fuzzy equivalents. Moreover, in this book, we have brought out the study of linear algebra and ve...

  13. Linear Algebra and Smarandache Linear Algebra

    OpenAIRE

    Vasantha, Kandasamy

    2003-01-01

    The present book, on Smarandache linear algebra, not only studies the Smarandache analogues of linear algebra and its applications, it also aims to bridge the need for new research topics pertaining to linear algebra, purely in the algebraic sense. We have introduced Smarandache semilinear algebra, Smarandache bilinear algebra and Smarandache anti-linear algebra and their fuzzy equivalents. Moreover, in this book, we have brought out the study of linear algebra and ve...

  14. Kiddie Algebra

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavanagh, Sean

    2009-01-01

    As educators and policymakers search for ways to prepare students for the rigors of algebra, teachers in the Helena, Montana, school system are starting early by attempting to nurture students' algebraic-reasoning ability, as well as their basic number skills, in early elementary school, rather than waiting until middle or early high school.…

  15. Kiddie Algebra

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavanagh, Sean

    2009-01-01

    As educators and policymakers search for ways to prepare students for the rigors of algebra, teachers in the Helena, Montana, school system are starting early by attempting to nurture students' algebraic-reasoning ability, as well as their basic number skills, in early elementary school, rather than waiting until middle or early high school.…

  16. Algebra-Geometry of Piecewise Algebraic Varieties

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chun Gang ZHU; Ren Hong WANG

    2012-01-01

    Algebraic variety is the most important subject in classical algebraic geometry.As the zero set of multivariate splines,the piecewise algebraic variety is a kind generalization of the classical algebraic variety.This paper studies the correspondence between spline ideals and piecewise algebraic varieties based on the knowledge of algebraic geometry and multivariate splines.

  17. Discrimination in a General Algebraic Setting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benjamin Fine

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Discriminating groups were introduced by G. Baumslag, A. Myasnikov, and V. Remeslennikov as an outgrowth of their theory of algebraic geometry over groups. Algebraic geometry over groups became the main method of attack on the solution of the celebrated Tarski conjectures. In this paper we explore the notion of discrimination in a general universal algebra context. As an application we provide a different proof of a theorem of Malcev on axiomatic classes of Ω-algebras.

  18. Discrimination in a General Algebraic Setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fine, Benjamin; Gaglione, Anthony; Lipschutz, Seymour; Spellman, Dennis

    2015-01-01

    Discriminating groups were introduced by G. Baumslag, A. Myasnikov, and V. Remeslennikov as an outgrowth of their theory of algebraic geometry over groups. Algebraic geometry over groups became the main method of attack on the solution of the celebrated Tarski conjectures. In this paper we explore the notion of discrimination in a general universal algebra context. As an application we provide a different proof of a theorem of Malcev on axiomatic classes of Ω-algebras.

  19. Discrimination in a General Algebraic Setting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fine, Benjamin; Gaglione, Anthony; Lipschutz, Seymour; Spellman, Dennis

    2015-01-01

    Discriminating groups were introduced by G. Baumslag, A. Myasnikov, and V. Remeslennikov as an outgrowth of their theory of algebraic geometry over groups. Algebraic geometry over groups became the main method of attack on the solution of the celebrated Tarski conjectures. In this paper we explore the notion of discrimination in a general universal algebra context. As an application we provide a different proof of a theorem of Malcev on axiomatic classes of Ω-algebras. PMID:26171421

  20. The Algebra of -relations

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Vijay Kodiyalam; R Srinivasan; V S Sunder

    2000-08-01

    In this paper, we study a tower $\\{A^G_n(d):n≥ 1\\}$ of finite-dimensional algebras; here, represents an arbitrary finite group, denotes a complex parameter, and the algebra $A^G_n(d)$ has a basis indexed by `-stable equivalence relations' on a set where acts freely and has 2 orbits. We show that the algebra $A^G_n(d)$ is semi-simple for all but a finite set of values of , and determine the representation theory (or, equivalently, the decomposition into simple summands) of this algebra in the `generic case'. Finally we determine the Bratteli diagram of the tower $\\{A^G_n(d): n≥ 1\\}$ (in the generic case).

  1. Toeplitz Algebras on Dirichlet Spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TAN Yan-hua; WANG Xiao-feng

    2001-01-01

    In the present paper, some properties of Toeplitz algebras on Dirichlet spaces for several complex variables are discussed; in particular, the automorphism group of the Toeplitz C* -algebra, (C1), generated by Toeplitz operators with C1-symbols is discussed. In addition, the first cohomology group of (C1) is computed.

  2. Noncommutative physics on Lie algebras, Z_2^n lattices and Clifford algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Majid, S

    2004-01-01

    We survey noncommutative spacetimes with coordinates being enveloping algebras of Lie algebras. We also explain how to do differential geometry on noncommutative spaces that are obtained from commutative ones via a Moyal-product type cocycle twist, such as the noncommutative torus, $\\theta$-spaces and Clifford algebras. The latter are noncommutative deformations of the finite lattice $(Z_2)^n$ and we compute their noncommutative de Rham cohomology and moduli of solutions of Maxwell's equations. We exactly quantize noncommutative U(1)-Yang-Mills theory on $Z_2\\times Z_2$ in a path integral approach.

  3. COCLEFT EXTENSIONS OF HOPF ALGEBRAS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祝家贵

    2006-01-01

    Let B and H be finitely generated projective Hopf algebras over a commutative ring R,with B cocommutative and H commutative. In this paper we investigate cocleft extensions of Hopf algebras, and prove that the isomorphism classes of cocleft Hopf algebras extensions of B by H are determined uniquely by the group C(B, H) = ZC(B, H)/d(B, H) .

  4. Categorical Algebra and its Applications

    CERN Document Server

    1988-01-01

    Categorical algebra and its applications contain several fundamental papers on general category theory, by the top specialists in the field, and many interesting papers on the applications of category theory in functional analysis, algebraic topology, algebraic geometry, general topology, ring theory, cohomology, differential geometry, group theory, mathematical logic and computer sciences. The volume contains 28 carefully selected and refereed papers, out of 96 talks delivered, and illustrates the usefulness of category theory today as a powerful tool of investigation in many other areas.

  5. Notes on noncommutative algebraic topology

    CERN Document Server

    Nikolaev, Igor

    2010-01-01

    An operator (AF-) algebra A_f is assigned to each Anosov diffeomorphism f of a manifold M. The assignment is a functor on the category of (mapping tori of) all such diffeomorphisms, which sends continuous maps between the manifolds to the stable homomorphisms of the corresponding AF-algebras. We use the functor to prove non-existence of continuous maps between the hyperbolic torus bundles, an obstruction being the so-called Galois group of algebra A_f.

  6. Geometric Algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Chisolm, Eric

    2012-01-01

    This is an introduction to geometric algebra, an alternative to traditional vector algebra that expands on it in two ways: 1. In addition to scalars and vectors, it defines new objects representing subspaces of any dimension. 2. It defines a product that's strongly motivated by geometry and can be taken between any two objects. For example, the product of two vectors taken in a certain way represents their common plane. This system was invented by William Clifford and is more commonly known as Clifford algebra. It's actually older than the vector algebra that we use today (due to Gibbs) and includes it as a subset. Over the years, various parts of Clifford algebra have been reinvented independently by many people who found they needed it, often not realizing that all those parts belonged in one system. This suggests that Clifford had the right idea, and that geometric algebra, not the reduced version we use today, deserves to be the standard "vector algebra." My goal in these notes is to describe geometric al...

  7. Problems in abstract algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Wadsworth, A R

    2017-01-01

    This is a book of problems in abstract algebra for strong undergraduates or beginning graduate students. It can be used as a supplement to a course or for self-study. The book provides more variety and more challenging problems than are found in most algebra textbooks. It is intended for students wanting to enrich their learning of mathematics by tackling problems that take some thought and effort to solve. The book contains problems on groups (including the Sylow Theorems, solvable groups, presentation of groups by generators and relations, and structure and duality for finite abelian groups); rings (including basic ideal theory and factorization in integral domains and Gauss's Theorem); linear algebra (emphasizing linear transformations, including canonical forms); and fields (including Galois theory). Hints to many problems are also included.

  8. The Calkin algebra is not countably homogeneous

    OpenAIRE

    Farah, Ilijas; Hirshberg, Ilan

    2015-01-01

    We show that the Calkin algebra is not countably homogeneous, in the sense of continuous model theory. We furthermore show that the connected component of the unitary group of the Calkin algebra is not countably homogeneous.

  9. Observation of subluminal twisted light in vacuum

    CERN Document Server

    Bouchard, Frédéric; Mand, Harjaspreet; Boyd, Robert W; Karimi, Ebrahim

    2015-01-01

    Einstein's theory of relativity establishes the speed of light in vacuum, c, as a fundamental constant. However, the speed of light pulses can be altered significantly in dispersive materials. While significant control can be exerted over the speed of light in such media, no experimental demonstration of altered light speeds has hitherto been achieved in vacuum for ``twisted'' optical beams. We show that ``twisted'' light pulses exhibit subluminal velocities in vacuum, being slowed by 0.1\\% relative to c. This work does not challenge relativity theory, but experimentally supports a body of theoretical work on the counterintuitive vacuum group velocities of twisted pulses. These results are particularly important given recent interest in applications of twisted light to quantum information, communication and quantum key distribution.

  10. College algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Kolman, Bernard

    1985-01-01

    College Algebra, Second Edition is a comprehensive presentation of the fundamental concepts and techniques of algebra. The book incorporates some improvements from the previous edition to provide a better learning experience. It provides sufficient materials for use in the study of college algebra. It contains chapters that are devoted to various mathematical concepts, such as the real number system, the theory of polynomial equations, exponential and logarithmic functions, and the geometric definition of each conic section. Progress checks, warnings, and features are inserted. Every chapter c

  11. Abstract algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Garrett, Paul B

    2007-01-01

    Designed for an advanced undergraduate- or graduate-level course, Abstract Algebra provides an example-oriented, less heavily symbolic approach to abstract algebra. The text emphasizes specifics such as basic number theory, polynomials, finite fields, as well as linear and multilinear algebra. This classroom-tested, how-to manual takes a more narrative approach than the stiff formalism of many other textbooks, presenting coherent storylines to convey crucial ideas in a student-friendly, accessible manner. An unusual feature of the text is the systematic characterization of objects by universal

  12. Commutative Algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Fontana, Marco; Olberding, Bruce; Swanson, Irena

    2011-01-01

    Commutative algebra is a rapidly growing subject that is developing in many different directions. This volume presents several of the most recent results from various areas related to both Noetherian and non-Noetherian commutative algebra. This volume contains a collection of invited survey articles by some of the leading experts in the field. The authors of these chapters have been carefully selected for their important contributions to an area of commutative-algebraic research. Some topics presented in the volume include: generalizations of cyclic modules, zero divisor graphs, class semigrou

  13. Quasi-Hopf twistors for elliptic quantum groups

    CERN Document Server

    Jimbo, M; Odake, S; Shiraishi, J

    1997-01-01

    The Yang-Baxter equation admits two classes of elliptic solutions, the vertex type and the face type. On the basis of these solutions, two types of elliptic quantum groups have been introduced (Foda et al., Felder). Fronsdal made a penetrating observation that both of them are quasi-Hopf algebras, obtained by twisting the standard quantum affine algebra U_q(g). In this paper we present an explicit formula for the twistors in the form of an infinite product of the universal R matrix of U_q(g). We also prove the shifted cocycle condition for the twistors, thereby completing Fronsdal's findings. This construction entails that, for generic values of the deformation parameters, representation theory for U_q(g) carries over to the elliptic algebras, including such objects as evaluation modules, highest weight modules and vertex operators. In particular, we confirm the conjectures of Foda et al. concerning the elliptic algebra A_{q,p}(^sl_2).

  14. Twisted compactifications of 3d N = 4 theories and conformal blocks

    CERN Document Server

    Gaiotto, Davide

    2016-01-01

    Three-dimensional N = 4 supersymmetric quantum field theories admit two topological twists, the Rozansky-Witten twist and its mirror. Either twist can be used to define a supersymmetric compactification on a Riemann surface and a corre- sponding space of supersymmetric ground states. These spaces of ground states can play an interesting role in the Geometric Langlands program. We propose a description of these spaces as conformal blocks for certain non-unitary Vertex Operator Algebras and test our conjecture in some important examples. The two VOAs can be constructed respectively from a UV Lagrangian description of the N = 4 theory or of its mirror. We further conjecture that the VOAs associated to an N = 4 SQFT inherit properties of the theory which only emerge in the IR, such as enhanced global symmetries. Thus knowledge of the VOAs should allow one to compute the spaces of supersymmetric ground states for a theory coupled to supersymmetric background connections for the full symmetry group of the IR SCFT. ...

  15. Null twisted geometries

    CERN Document Server

    Speziale, Simone

    2013-01-01

    We define and investigate a quantisation of null hypersurfaces in the context of loop quantum gravity on a fixed graph. The main tool we use is the parametrisation of the theory in terms of twistors, which has already proved useful in discussing the interpretation of spin networks as the quantization of twisted geometries. The classical formalism can be extended in a natural way to null hypersurfaces, with the Euclidean polyhedra replaced by null polyhedra with space-like faces, and SU(2) by the little group ISO(2). The main difference is that the simplicity constraints present in the formalims are all first class, and the symplectic reduction selects only the helicity subgroup of the little group. As a consequence, information on the shapes of the polyhedra is lost, and the result is a much simpler, abelian geometric picture. It can be described by an Euclidean singular structure on the 2-dimensional space-like surface defined by a foliation of space-time by null hypersurfaces. This geometric structure is na...

  16. Post-Lie algebras and factorization theorems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ebrahimi-Fard, Kurusch; Mencattini, Igor; Munthe-Kaas, Hans

    2017-09-01

    In this note we further explore the properties of universal enveloping algebras associated to a post-Lie algebra. Emphasizing the role of the Magnus expansion, we analyze the properties of group like-elements belonging to (suitable completions of) those Hopf algebras. Of particular interest is the case of post-Lie algebras defined in terms of solutions of modified classical Yang-Baxter equations. In this setting we will study factorization properties of the aforementioned group-like elements.

  17. A Realization of Hom-Lie Algebras by Iso-Deformed Commutator Bracket

    OpenAIRE

    Xiuxian Li

    2013-01-01

    We construct classical Iso-Lie and Iso-Hom-Lie algebras in $gl(V)$ by twisted commutator bracket through Iso-deformation. We prove that they are simple. Their Iso-automorphisms and isotopies are also presented.

  18. Twisted analytic torsion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MATHAI; Varghese

    2010-01-01

    We review the Reidemeister, Ray-Singer’s analytic torsion and the Cheeger-Mller theorem. We describe the analytic torsion of the de Rham complex twisted by a flux form introduced by the current authors and recall its properties. We define a new twisted analytic torsion for the complex of invariant differential forms on the total space of a principal circle bundle twisted by an invariant flux form. We show that when the dimension is even, such a torsion is invariant under certain deformation of the metric and the flux form. Under T-duality which exchanges the topology of the bundle and the flux form and the radius of the circular fiber with its inverse, the twisted torsion of invariant forms are inverse to each other for any dimension.

  19. Twisted Analytic Torsion

    CERN Document Server

    Mathai, Varghese

    2009-01-01

    We review the Reidemeister and Ray-Singer's analytic torsions and the Cheeger-M"uller theorem. We describe the analytic torsion of the de Rham complex twisted by a flux form introduced by the current authors and recall its properties. We define a new twisted analytic torsion for the complex of invariant differential forms on the total space of a principal circle bundle twisted by an invariant flux form. We show that when the dimension is even, such a torsion is invariant under certain deformation of the metric and the flux form. Under T-duality which exchanges the topology of the bundle and the flux form and the radius of the circular fiber with its inverse, the twisted torsions are inverse to each other for any dimensions.

  20. Noncommutative geometry, Grand Symmetry and twisted spectral triple

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devastato, Agostino

    2015-08-01

    In the noncommutative geometry approach to the standard model we discuss the possibility to derive the extra scalar field sv - initially suggested by particle physicist to stabilize the electroweak vacuum - from a “grand algebra” that contains the usual standard model algebra. We introduce the Connes-Moscovici twisted spectral triples for the Grand Symmetry model, to cure a technical problem, that is the appearance, together with the field sv, of unbounded vectorial terms. The twist makes these terms bounded, and also permits to understand the breaking making the computation of the Higgs mass compatible with the 126 GeV experimental value.

  1. The Algebra of Conformal Blocks

    CERN Document Server

    Manon, Christopher A

    2009-01-01

    We study and generalize the connection between the phylogenetic Hilbert functions of Buczynska and Wisniewski \\cite{BW} and the Verlinde formula, as discovered by Sturmfels and Xu in \\cite{StXu}. In order to accomplish this we introduce deformations of algebras of non-abelian theta functions for a general simple complex Lie algebra $\\mathfrak{g}$ structured on the moduli stack of stable punctured curves. We also study the relationship between these algebras and branching algebras, coming from the representation theory of the associated reductive group $G.$

  2. Elementary algebra

    CERN Document Server

    McKeague, Charles P

    1981-01-01

    Elementary Algebra 2e, Second Edition focuses on the basic principles, operations, and approaches involved in elementary algebra. The book first tackles the basics, linear equations and inequalities, and graphing and linear systems. Discussions focus on the substitution method, solving linear systems by graphing, solutions to linear equations in two variables, multiplication property of equality, word problems, addition property of equality, and subtraction, addition, multiplication, and division of real numbers. The manuscript then examines exponents and polynomials, factoring, and rational e

  3. Elementary algebra

    CERN Document Server

    McKeague, Charles P

    1986-01-01

    Elementary Algebra, Third Edition focuses on the basic principles, operations, and approaches involved in elementary algebra. The book first ponders on the basics, linear equations and inequalities, and graphing and linear systems. Discussions focus on the elimination method, solving linear systems by graphing, word problems, addition property of equality, solving linear equations, linear inequalities, addition and subtraction of real numbers, and properties of real numbers. The text then takes a look at exponents and polynomials, factoring, and rational expressions. Topics include reducing ra

  4. Finite-dimensional division algebras over fields

    CERN Document Server

    Jacobson, Nathan

    2009-01-01

    Finite-Dimensional Division Algebras over fields determine, by the Wedderburn Theorem, the semi-simple finite-dimensional algebras over a field. They lead to the definition of the Brauer group and to certain geometric objects, the Brauer-Severi varieties. The book concentrates on those algebras that have an involution. Algebras with involution appear in many contexts; they arose first in the study of the so-called 'multiplication algebras of Riemann matrices'. The largest part of the book is the fifth chapter, dealing with involutorial simple algebras of finite dimension over a field. Of parti

  5. Double-partition Quantum Cluster Algebras

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jakobsen, Hans Plesner; Zhang, Hechun

    2012-01-01

    A family of quantum cluster algebras is introduced and studied. In general, these algebras are new, but sub-classes have been studied previously by other authors. The algebras are indexed by double parti- tions or double flag varieties. Equivalently, they are indexed by broken lines L. By grouping...... together neighboring mutations into quantum line mutations we can mutate from the cluster algebra of one broken line to another. Compatible pairs can be written down. The algebras are equal to their upper cluster algebras. The variables of the quantum seeds are given by elements of the dual canonical basis....

  6. Structure and representations of Jordan algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Jacobson, Nathan

    1968-01-01

    The theory of Jordan algebras has played important roles behind the scenes of several areas of mathematics. Jacobson's book has long been the definitive treatment of the subject. It covers foundational material, structure theory, and representation theory for Jordan algebras. Of course, there are immediate connections with Lie algebras, which Jacobson details in Chapter 8. Of particular continuing interest is the discussion of exceptional Jordan algebras, which serve to explain the exceptional Lie algebras and Lie groups. Jordan algebras originally arose in the attempts by Jordan, von Neumann,

  7. Affine and degenerate affine BMW algebras: Actions on tensor space

    CERN Document Server

    Daugherty, Zajj; Virk, Rahbar

    2012-01-01

    The affine and degenerate affine Birman-Murakami-Wenzl (BMW) algebras arise naturally in the context of Schur-Weyl duality for orthogonal and symplectic quantum groups and Lie algebras, respectively. Cyclotomic BMW algebras, affine and cyclotomic Hecke algebras, and their degenerate versions are quotients. In this paper we explain how the affine and degenerate affine BMW algebras are tantalizers (tensor power centralizer algebras) by defining actions of the affine braid group and the degenerate affine braid algebra on tensor space and showing that, in important cases, these actions induce actions of the affine and degenerate affine BMW algebras. We then exploit the connection to quantum groups and Lie algebras to determine universal parameters for the affine and degenerate affine BMW algebras. Finally, we show that the universal parameters are central elements--the higher Casimir elements for orthogonal and symplectic enveloping algebras and quantum groups.

  8. Twisted radio waves and twisted thermodynamics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kish, Laszlo B; Nevels, Robert D

    2013-01-01

    We present and analyze a gedanken experiment and show that the assumption that an antenna operating at a single frequency can transmit more than two independent information channels to the far field violates the Second Law of Thermodynamics. Transmission of a large number of channels, each associated with an angular momenta 'twisted wave' mode, to the far field in free space is therefore not possible.

  9. Chiral Algebras of (0,2) Sigma Models: Beyond Perturbation Theory - II

    CERN Document Server

    Tan, Meng-Chwan

    2008-01-01

    We extend our analysis in [arXiv:0801.4782] and show that the chiral algebras of (0,2) sigma models are totally trivialized by worldsheet instantons for all complete flag manifolds of compact semisimple Lie groups. Consequently, supersymmetry is spontaneously broken. Our results verify Stolz's idea that there are no harmonic spinors on the loop spaces of these flag manifolds. Moreover, they also imply that the kernels of certain twisted Dirac operators on these spaces will be empty under a "quantum" deformation of their geometries.

  10. Low Dimensional Cohomology of Hom-Lie Algebras and q-deformed W (2, 2) Algebra

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    La Mei YUAN; Hong YOU

    2014-01-01

    This paper aims to study low dimensional cohomology of Hom-Lie algebras and the q-deformed W (2, 2) algebra. We show that the q-deformed W (2, 2) algebra is a Hom-Lie algebra. Also, we establish a one-to-one correspondence between the equivalence classes of one-dimensional central extensions of a Hom-Lie algebra and its second cohomology group, leading us to determine the sec-ond cohomology group of the q-deformed W (2, 2) algebra. In addition, we generalize some results of derivations of finitely generated Lie algebras with values in graded modules to Hom-Lie algebras. As application, we compute all α k-derivations and in particular the first cohomology group of the q-deformed W (2, 2) algebra.

  11. Algebraic curves and cryptography

    CERN Document Server

    Murty, V Kumar

    2010-01-01

    It is by now a well-known paradigm that public-key cryptosystems can be built using finite Abelian groups and that algebraic geometry provides a supply of such groups through Abelian varieties over finite fields. Of special interest are the Abelian varieties that are Jacobians of algebraic curves. All of the articles in this volume are centered on the theme of point counting and explicit arithmetic on the Jacobians of curves over finite fields. The topics covered include Schoof's \\ell-adic point counting algorithm, the p-adic algorithms of Kedlaya and Denef-Vercauteren, explicit arithmetic on

  12. On the commutator length of a Dehn twist

    CERN Document Server

    Szepietowski, Blazej

    2010-01-01

    We show that on a nonorientable surface of genus at least 7 any power of a Dehn twist is equal to a single commutator in the mapping class group and the same is true, under additional assumptions, for the twist subgroup, and also for the extended mapping class group of an orientable surface of genus at least 3.

  13. Algebraic Aspects of Orbifold Models

    CERN Document Server

    Bántay, P

    1994-01-01

    : Algebraic properties of orbifold models on arbitrary Riemann surfaces are investigated. The action of mapping class group transformations and of standard geometric operations is given explicitly. An infinite dimensional extension of the quantum group is presented.

  14. Geometry of Higgs bundles over elliptic curves related to automorphisms of simple Lie algebras, Calogero-Moser systems, and KZB equations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levin, A. M.; Olshanetsky, M. A.; Zotov, A. V.

    2016-08-01

    We construct twisted Calogero-Moser systems with spins as Hitchin systems derived from the Higgs bundles over elliptic curves, where the transition operators are defined by arbitrary finite-order automorphisms of the underlying Lie algebras. We thus obtain a spin generalization of the twisted D'Hoker-Phong and Bordner-Corrigan-Sasaki-Takasaki systems. In addition, we construct the corresponding twisted classical dynamical r-matrices and the Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov-Bernard equations related to the automorphisms of Lie algebras.

  15. Symmetry fractionalization and twist defects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarantino, Nicolas; Lindner, Netanel H.; Fidkowski, Lukasz

    2016-03-01

    Topological order in two-dimensions can be described in terms of deconfined quasiparticle excitations—anyons—and their braiding statistics. However, it has recently been realized that this data does not completely describe the situation in the presence of an unbroken global symmetry. In this case, there can be multiple distinct quantum phases with the same anyons and statistics, but with different patterns of symmetry fractionalization—termed symmetry enriched topological order. When the global symmetry group G, which we take to be discrete, does not change topological superselection sectors—i.e. does not change one type of anyon into a different type of anyon—one can imagine a local version of the action of G around each anyon. This leads to projective representations and a group cohomology description of symmetry fractionalization, with the second cohomology group {H}2(G,{{ A }}{{abelian}}) being the relevant group. In this paper, we treat the general case of a symmetry group G possibly permuting anyon types. We show that despite the lack of a local action of G, one can still make sense of a so-called twisted group cohomology description of symmetry fractionalization, and show how this data is encoded in the associativity of fusion rules of the extrinsic ‘twist’ defects of the symmetry. Furthermore, building on work of Hermele (2014 Phys. Rev. B 90 184418), we construct a wide class of exactly-solvable models which exhibit this twisted symmetry fractionalization, and connect them to our formal framework.

  16. Color Algebras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mulligan, Jeffrey B.

    2017-01-01

    A color algebra refers to a system for computing sums and products of colors, analogous to additive and subtractive color mixtures. We would like it to match the well-defined algebra of spectral functions describing lights and surface reflectances, but an exact correspondence is impossible after the spectra have been projected to a three-dimensional color space, because of metamerism physically different spectra can produce the same color sensation. Metameric spectra are interchangeable for the purposes of addition, but not multiplication, so any color algebra is necessarily an approximation to physical reality. Nevertheless, because the majority of naturally-occurring spectra are well-behaved (e.g., continuous and slowly-varying), color algebras can be formulated that are largely accurate and agree well with human intuition. Here we explore the family of algebras that result from associating each color with a member of a three-dimensional manifold of spectra. This association can be used to construct a color product, defined as the color of the spectrum of the wavelength-wise product of the spectra associated with the two input colors. The choice of the spectral manifold determines the behavior of the resulting system, and certain special subspaces allow computational efficiencies. The resulting systems can be used to improve computer graphic rendering techniques, and to model various perceptual phenomena such as color constancy.

  17. Piecewise algebraic varieties

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Renhong; ZHU Chungang

    2004-01-01

    The piecewise algebraic variety is a generalization of the classical algebraic variety. This paper discusses some properties of piecewise algebraic varieties and their coordinate rings based on the knowledge of algebraic geometry.

  18. Completely Positive Definite Maps on σ-C*-algebras

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许天周; 段培超; 郑庆琳

    2003-01-01

    @@ Recently, there has been increased interest [1-8] in topological *-algebras that are inverselimits of C*-algebras, called Pro-C*-algebras. These algebras were introduced in [5] as a gene-ralization of C*-algebras were called locally C*-algebras. The same objects have been studiedvarious term, in [1-8], it is shown in [6-7] that they arise naturally in certain aspects of C*-algebraslike the tangent algebras of C*-algebras, multipliers of Pedersen's ideal, non-commutative ana-logues of classical Lie groups and K-theory.

  19. The Boolean algebra of Galois algebras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lianyong Xue

    2003-02-01

    Full Text Available Let B be a Galois algebra with Galois group G, Jg={b∈B|bx=g(xb for all x∈B} for each g∈G, and BJg=Beg for a central idempotent eg, Ba the Boolean algebra generated by {0,eg|g∈G}, e a nonzero element in Ba, and He={g∈G|eeg=e}. Then, a monomial e is characterized, and the Galois extension Be, generated by e with Galois group He, is investigated.

  20. Generalized exterior algebras

    OpenAIRE

    Marchuk, Nikolay

    2011-01-01

    Exterior algebras and differential forms are widely used in many fields of modern mathematics and theoretical physics. In this paper we define a notion of $N$-metric exterior algebra, which depends on $N$ matrices of structure constants. The usual exterior algebra (Grassmann algebra) can be considered as 0-metric exterior algebra. Clifford algebra can be considered as 1-metric exterior algebra. $N$-metric exterior algebras for $N\\geq2$ can be considered as generalizations of the Grassmann alg...

  1. Linear algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Edwards, Harold M

    1995-01-01

    In his new undergraduate textbook, Harold M Edwards proposes a radically new and thoroughly algorithmic approach to linear algebra Originally inspired by the constructive philosophy of mathematics championed in the 19th century by Leopold Kronecker, the approach is well suited to students in the computer-dominated late 20th century Each proof is an algorithm described in English that can be translated into the computer language the class is using and put to work solving problems and generating new examples, making the study of linear algebra a truly interactive experience Designed for a one-semester course, this text adopts an algorithmic approach to linear algebra giving the student many examples to work through and copious exercises to test their skills and extend their knowledge of the subject Students at all levels will find much interactive instruction in this text while teachers will find stimulating examples and methods of approach to the subject

  2. Linear algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Liesen, Jörg

    2015-01-01

    This self-contained textbook takes a matrix-oriented approach to linear algebra and presents a complete theory, including all details and proofs, culminating in the Jordan canonical form and its proof. Throughout the development, the applicability of the results is highlighted. Additionally, the book presents special topics from applied linear algebra including matrix functions, the singular value decomposition, the Kronecker product and linear matrix equations. The matrix-oriented approach to linear algebra leads to a better intuition and a deeper understanding of the abstract concepts, and therefore simplifies their use in real world applications. Some of these applications are presented in detailed examples. In several ‘MATLAB-Minutes’ students can comprehend the concepts and results using computational experiments. Necessary basics for the use of MATLAB are presented in a short introduction. Students can also actively work with the material and practice their mathematical skills in more than 300 exerc...

  3. Boolean Algebra of C-Algebras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G.C. Rao

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available A C- algebra is the algebraic form of the 3-valued conditional logic, which was introduced by F. Guzman and C. C. Squier in 1990. In this paper, some equivalent conditions for a C- algebra to become a boolean algebra in terms of congruences are given. It is proved that the set of all central elements B(A is isomorphic to the Boolean algebra of all C-algebras Sa, where a B(A. It is also proved that B(A is isomorphic to the Boolean algebra of all C-algebras Aa, where a B(A.

  4. Algebraic Topology, Rational Homotopy

    CERN Document Server

    1988-01-01

    This proceedings volume centers on new developments in rational homotopy and on their influence on algebra and algebraic topology. Most of the papers are original research papers dealing with rational homotopy and tame homotopy, cyclic homology, Moore conjectures on the exponents of the homotopy groups of a finite CW-c-complex and homology of loop spaces. Of particular interest for specialists are papers on construction of the minimal model in tame theory and computation of the Lusternik-Schnirelmann category by means articles on Moore conjectures, on tame homotopy and on the properties of Poincaré series of loop spaces.

  5. Partially ordered algebraic systems

    CERN Document Server

    Fuchs, Laszlo

    2011-01-01

    Originally published in an important series of books on pure and applied mathematics, this monograph by a distinguished mathematician explores a high-level area in algebra. It constitutes the first systematic summary of research concerning partially ordered groups, semigroups, rings, and fields. The self-contained treatment features numerous problems, complete proofs, a detailed bibliography, and indexes. It presumes some knowledge of abstract algebra, providing necessary background and references where appropriate. This inexpensive edition of a hard-to-find systematic survey will fill a gap i

  6. Linear algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Stoll, R R

    1968-01-01

    Linear Algebra is intended to be used as a text for a one-semester course in linear algebra at the undergraduate level. The treatment of the subject will be both useful to students of mathematics and those interested primarily in applications of the theory. The major prerequisite for mastering the material is the readiness of the student to reason abstractly. Specifically, this calls for an understanding of the fact that axioms are assumptions and that theorems are logical consequences of one or more axioms. Familiarity with calculus and linear differential equations is required for understand

  7. Linear algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Allenby, Reg

    1995-01-01

    As the basis of equations (and therefore problem-solving), linear algebra is the most widely taught sub-division of pure mathematics. Dr Allenby has used his experience of teaching linear algebra to write a lively book on the subject that includes historical information about the founders of the subject as well as giving a basic introduction to the mathematics undergraduate. The whole text has been written in a connected way with ideas introduced as they occur naturally. As with the other books in the series, there are many worked examples.Solutions to the exercises are available onlin

  8. Endomorphisms and Modular Theory of 2-Graph C*-Algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Yang, Dilian

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, we initiate the study of endomorphisms and modular theory of the graph C*-algebras $\\O_{\\theta}$of a 2-graph $\\Fth$ on a single vertex. We prove that there is a semigroup isomorphism between unital endomorphisms of $\\O_{\\theta}$ and its unitary pairs with a \\textit{twisted property}. We characterize when endomorphisms preserve the fixed point algebra $\\fF$ of the gauge automorphisms and its canonical masa $\\fD$. Some other properties of endomorphisms are also investigated. As far as the modular theory of $\\O_{\\theta}$ is concerned, we show that the algebraic *-algebra generated by the generators of $\\O_{\\theta}$ with the inner product induced from a distinguished state $\\omega$ is a modular Hilbert algebra. Consequently, we obtain that the von Neumann algebra $\\pi(\\O_{\\theta})''$ generated by the GNS representation of $\\omega$ is an AFD factor of type III$_1$, provided $\\frac{\\ln m}{\\ln n}\

  9. Unique factorization of tensor products for Kac-Moody algebras

    OpenAIRE

    Venkatesh, R.; Viswanath, Sankaran

    2012-01-01

    We consider integrable, category O-modules of indecomposable symmetrizable Kac-Moody algebras. We prove that unique factorization of tensor products of irreducible modules holds in this category, upto twisting by one dimensional modules. This generalizes a fundamental theorem of Rajan for finite dimensional simple Lie algebras over C. Our proof is new even for the finite dimensional case, and uses an interplay of representation theory and combinatorics to analyze the Kac-Weyl character formula.

  10. Localized endomorphisms of graph algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Conti, Roberto; Szymanski, Wojciech

    2011-01-01

    Endomorphisms of graph C*-algebras are investigated. A combinatorial approach to analysis of permutative endomorphisms is developed. Then invertibility criteria for localized endomorphisms are given. Furthermore, proper endomorphisms which restrict to automorphisms of the canonical diagonal MASA are analyzed. The Weyl group and the restricted Weyl group of a graph C*-algebra are introduced and investigated. Criteria of outerness for automorphisms in the restricted Weyl group are found.

  11. Basic linear algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Blyth, T S

    2002-01-01

    Basic Linear Algebra is a text for first year students leading from concrete examples to abstract theorems, via tutorial-type exercises. More exercises (of the kind a student may expect in examination papers) are grouped at the end of each section. The book covers the most important basics of any first course on linear algebra, explaining the algebra of matrices with applications to analytic geometry, systems of linear equations, difference equations and complex numbers. Linear equations are treated via Hermite normal forms which provides a successful and concrete explanation of the notion of linear independence. Another important highlight is the connection between linear mappings and matrices leading to the change of basis theorem which opens the door to the notion of similarity. This new and revised edition features additional exercises and coverage of Cramer's rule (omitted from the first edition). However, it is the new, extra chapter on computer assistance that will be of particular interest to readers:...

  12. Higher regulators, algebraic

    CERN Document Server

    Bloch, Spencer J

    2000-01-01

    This book is the long-awaited publication of the famous Irvine lectures. Delivered in 1978 at the University of California at Irvine, these lectures turned out to be an entry point to several intimately-connected new branches of arithmetic algebraic geometry, such as regulators and special values of L-functions of algebraic varieties, explicit formulas for them in terms of polylogarithms, the theory of algebraic cycles, and eventually the general theory of mixed motives which unifies and underlies all of the above (and much more). In the 20 years since, the importance of Bloch's lectures has not diminished. A lucky group of people working in the above areas had the good fortune to possess a copy of old typewritten notes of these lectures. Now everyone can have their own copy of this classic work.

  13. The non-commutative Weil algebra

    OpenAIRE

    1999-01-01

    Let G be a connected Lie group with Lie algebra g. The Duflo map is a vector space isomorphism between the symmetric algebra S(g) and the universal enveloping algebra U(g) which, as proved by Duflo, restricts to a ring isomorphism from invariant polynomials onto the center of the universal enveloping algebra. The Duflo map extends to a linear map from compactly supported distributions on the Lie algebra g to compactly supported distributions on the Lie group G, which is a ring homomorphism fo...

  14. Noncommutative spaces with twisted symmetries and second quantization

    CERN Document Server

    Fiore, Gaetano

    2010-01-01

    In a minimalistic view, the use of noncommutative coordinates can be seen just as a way to better express non-local interactions of a special kind: 1-particle solutions (wavefunctions) of the equation of motion in the presence of an external field may look simpler as functions of noncommutative coordinates. It turns out that also the wave-mechanical description of a system of n such bosons/fermions and its second quantization is simplified if we translate them in terms of their deformed counterparts. The latter are obtained by a general twist-induced *-deformation procedure which deforms in a coordinated way not just the spacetime algebra, but the larger algebra generated by any number n of copies of the spacetime coordinates and by the particle creation and annihilation operators. On the deformed algebra the action of the original spacetime transformations looks twisted. In a non-conservative view, we thus obtain a twisted covariant framework for QFT on the corresponding noncommutative spacetime consistent w...

  15. Amenability of Toeplitz Algebras on Discrete Groups%离散群上的Toeplitz算子代数的顺从性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许庆祥; 马峰

    2006-01-01

    设(G,G+)为一个拟格序群,H为G+的一个可传、定向子集.记GH=G+·H-1,令TGH为相应的Toeplitz算子代数.利用G+的等距协变表示刻画了(G,GH)的顺从性.当G=G+.G+-1时,证明了(G,GH)为顺从当且仅当G为顺从.%Let (G,G+) be a quasi-lattice ordered group, H a directed and hereditary subset of G+. Put GH = G+·H-1, and denote by TGH the corresponding Toeplitz algebra. The amenability of (G, GH) is studied in terms of covariant isometric representations of G+. When G = G+·G+-1, it is proved that (G, GH) is amenable if and only if G is amenable.

  16. Algebraic Topology

    CERN Document Server

    Oliver, Bob; Pawałowski, Krzystof

    1991-01-01

    As part of the scientific activity in connection with the 70th birthday of the Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan, an international conference on algebraic topology was held. In the resulting proceedings volume, the emphasis is on substantial survey papers, some presented at the conference, some written subsequently.

  17. Algebraic Stacks

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Tomás L Gómez

    2001-02-01

    This is an expository article on the theory of algebraic stacks. After introducing the general theory, we concentrate in the example of the moduli stack of vector bundles, giving a detailed comparison with the moduli scheme obtained via geometric invariant theory.

  18. Jucys-Murphy elements for Birman-Murakami-Wenzl algebras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isaev, A. P.; Ogievetsky, O. V.

    2011-05-01

    The Burman-Wenzl-Murakami algebra, considered as the quotient of the braid group algebra, possesses the commutative set of Jucys-Murphy elements. We show that the set of Jucys-Murphy elements is maximal commutative for the generic Birman-Wenzl-Murakami algebra and reconstruct the representation theory of the tower of Birman-Wenzl-Murakami algebras.

  19. Implications of the Hopf algebra properties of noncommutative differential calculi

    OpenAIRE

    1996-01-01

    We define a noncommutative algebra of four basic objects within a differential calculus on quantum groups: functions, 1-forms, Lie derivatives and inner derivations, as the cross-product algebra associated with Woronowicz's (differential) algebra of functions and forms. This definition properly takes into account the Hopf algebra structure of the Woronowicz calculus. It also provides a direct proof of the Cartan identity.

  20. Implications of the Hopf algebra properties of noncommutative differential calculi

    OpenAIRE

    Vladimirov, A.A.

    1996-01-01

    We define a noncommutative algebra of four basic objects within a differential calculus on quantum groups: functions, 1-forms, Lie derivatives and inner derivations, as the cross-product algebra associated with Woronowicz's (differential) algebra of functions and forms. This definition properly takes into account the Hopf algebra structure of the Woronowicz calculus. It also provides a direct proof of the Cartan identity.

  1. SpaceTwist

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yiu, Man Lung; Jensen, Christian Søndergaard; Xuegang, Huang

    2008-01-01

    -based matching generally fall short in offering practical query accuracy guarantees. Our proposed framework, called SpaceTwist, rectifies these shortcomings for k nearest neighbor (kNN) queries. Starting with a location different from the user's actual location, nearest neighbors are retrieved incrementally...

  2. Reweighting twisted boundary conditions

    CERN Document Server

    Bussone, Andrea; Hansen, Martin; Pica, Claudio

    2015-01-01

    Imposing twisted boundary conditions on the fermionic fields is a procedure extensively used when evaluating, for example, form factors on the lattice. Twisting is usually performed for one flavour and only in the valence, and this causes a breaking of unitarity. In this work we explore the possibility of restoring unitarity through the reweighting method. We first study some properties of the approach at tree level and then we stochastically evaluate ratios of fermionic determinants for different boundary conditions in order to include them in the gauge averages, avoiding in this way the expensive generation of new configurations for each choice of the twisting angle, $\\theta$. As expected the effect of reweighting is negligible in the case of large volumes but it is important when the volumes are small and the twisting angles are large. In particular we find a measurable effect for the plaquette and the pion correlation function in the case of $\\theta=\\pi/2$ in a volume $16\\times 8^3$, and we observe a syst...

  3. The twisted Mellin transform

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Zuoqin

    2007-01-01

    The "twisted Mellin transform" is a slightly modified version of the usual classical Mellin transform on $L^2(\\mathbb R)$. In this short note we investigate some of its basic properties. From the point of views of combinatorics one of its most important interesting properties is that it intertwines the differential operator, $df/dx$, with its finite difference analogue, $\

  4. Central simple Poisson algebras

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SU Yucai; XU Xiaoping

    2004-01-01

    Poisson algebras are fundamental algebraic structures in physics and symplectic geometry. However, the structure theory of Poisson algebras has not been well developed. In this paper, we determine the structure of the central simple Poisson algebras related to locally finite derivations, over an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero.The Lie algebra structures of these Poisson algebras are in general not finitely-graded.

  5. Curvatures and potential of M-theory in D=4 with fluxes and twist

    CERN Document Server

    D'Auria, R; Trigiante, M

    2005-01-01

    We give the curvatures of the free differential algebra (FDA) of M--theory compactified to D=4 on a twisted seven--torus with the 4--form flux switched on. Two formulations are given, depending on whether the 1--form field strengths of the scalar fields (originating from the 3--form gauge field $\\hat{A}^{(3)}$) are included or not in the FDA. We also give the bosonic equations of motion and discuss at length the scalar potential which emerges in this type of compactifications. For flat groups we show the equivalence of this potential with a dual formulation of the theory which has the full $\\rE_{7(7)}$ symmetry.

  6. L-R smash products for bimodule algebras

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Liangyun

    2006-01-01

    In this paper, we prove that the L-R smash product A (#)H is exactly the twisted smash product A * H if H is a finite dimensional cocommutative Hopf algebra, and give a sufficient and necessary condition for L-R smash products to be bialgebras (Hopf algebras). For any finite dimensional coquasitriangular Hopf algebra (H, σ), we prove that the L-R smash product H (#)H is semisimple Artinian if H is semisimple and H* is unimodular. In particular, the L-R smash product D(H) * (#)D(H) * semisimple Artinian if the Drinfel' d double D(H) is semisimple.

  7. Cyclic structures in algebraic (co)homology theories

    CERN Document Server

    Kowalzig, Niels

    2010-01-01

    This note discusses the cyclic cohomology of a left Hopf algebroid ($\\times_A$-Hopf algebra) with coefficients in a right module-left comodule, defined using a straightforward generalisation of the original operators given by Connes and Moscovici for Hopf algebras. Lie-Rinehart homology is a special case of this theory. A generalisation of cyclic duality that makes sense for arbitrary para-cyclic objects yields a dual homology theory. The twisted cyclic homology of an associative algebra provides an example of this dual theory that uses coefficients that are not necessarily stable anti Yetter-Drinfel'd modules.

  8. Comments on twisted indices in 3d supersymmetric gauge theories

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Closset, Cyril [Simons Center for Geometry and PhysicsState University of New York, Stony Brook, NY 11794 (United States); Kim, Heeyeon [Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics31 Caroline Street North, Waterloo, N2L 2Y5, Ontario (Canada)

    2016-08-09

    We study three-dimensional N=2 supersymmetric gauge theories on Σ{sub g}×S{sup 1} with a topological twist along Σ{sub g}, a genus-g Riemann surface. The twisted supersymmetric index at genus g and the correlation functions of half-BPS loop operators on S{sup 1} can be computed exactly by supersymmetric localization. For g=1, this gives a simple UV computation of the 3d Witten index. Twisted indices provide us with a clean derivation of the quantum algebra of supersymmetric Wilson loops, for any Yang-Mills-Chern-Simons-matter theory, in terms of the associated Bethe equations for the theory on ℝ{sup 2}×S{sup 1}. This also provides a powerful and simple tool to study 3d N=2 Seiberg dualities. Finally, we study A- and B-twisted indices for N=4 supersymmetric gauge theories, which turns out to be very useful for quantitative studies of three-dimensional mirror symmetry. We also briefly comment on a relation between the S{sup 2}×S{sup 1} twisted indices and the Hilbert series of N=4 moduli spaces.

  9. Homology of Lie algebra of supersymmetries and of super Poincare Lie algebra

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Movshev, M.V. [Department of Mathematics, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794-3651 (United States); Schwarz, A., E-mail: schwarz@math.ucdavis.edu [Department of Mathematics, University of California, Davis, CA 95616 (United States); Xu, Renjun [Department of Physics, University of California, Davis, CA 95616 (United States)

    2012-01-11

    We study the homology and cohomology groups of super Lie algebras of supersymmetries and of super Poincare Lie algebras in various dimensions. We give complete answers for (non-extended) supersymmetry in all dimensions {<=}11. For dimensions D=10,11 we describe also the cohomology of reduction of supersymmetry Lie algebra to lower dimensions. Our methods can be applied to extended supersymmetry Lie algebras.

  10. Algebraic classification of Robinson-Trautman spacetimes

    CERN Document Server

    Podolsky, Jiri

    2016-01-01

    We consider a general class of four-dimensional geometries admitting a null vector field that has no twist and no shear but has an arbitrary expansion. We explicitly present the Petrov classification of such Robinson-Trautman (and Kundt) gravitational fields, based on the algebraic properties of the Weyl tensor. In particular, we determine all algebraically special subcases when the optically privileged null vector field is a multiple principal null direction (PND), as well as all the cases when it remains a single PND. No field equations are a priori applied, so that our classification scheme can be used in any metric theory of gravity in four dimensions. In the classic Einstein theory this reproduces previous results for vacuum spacetimes, possibly with a cosmological constant, pure radiation and electromagnetic field, but can be applied to an arbitrary matter content. As non-trivial explicit examples we investigate specific algebraic properties of the Robinson-Trautman spacetimes with a free scalar field, ...

  11. Algebraic theory of molecules

    CERN Document Server

    Iachello, F

    1995-01-01

    1. The Wave Mechanics of Diatomic Molecules. 2. Summary of Elements of Algebraic Theory. 3. Mechanics of Molecules. 4. Three-Body Algebraic Theory. 5. Four-Body Algebraic Theory. 6. Classical Limit and Coordinate Representation. 8. Prologue to the Future. Appendices. Properties of Lie Algebras; Coupling of Algebras; Hamiltonian Parameters

  12. Nonmonotonic logics and algebras

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHAKRABORTY Mihir Kr; GHOSH Sujata

    2008-01-01

    Several nonmonotonie logic systems together with their algebraic semantics are discussed. NM-algebra is defined.An elegant construction of an NM-algebra starting from a Boolean algebra is described which gives rise to a few interesting algebraic issues.

  13. Introduction to applied algebraic systems

    CERN Document Server

    Reilly, Norman R

    2009-01-01

    This upper-level undergraduate textbook provides a modern view of algebra with an eye to new applications that have arisen in recent years. A rigorous introduction to basic number theory, rings, fields, polynomial theory, groups, algebraic geometry and elliptic curves prepares students for exploring their practical applications related to storing, securing, retrieving and communicating information in the electronic world. It will serve as a textbook for an undergraduate course in algebra with a strong emphasis on applications. The book offers a brief introduction to elementary number theory as

  14. The algebraic escher

    OpenAIRE

    Senechal, Marjorie

    1988-01-01

    Les pavages monoédriques et coloriés du plan réalisé par M.C. Escher constituent un outil utile dans I'exploration de plusieurs concepts d'algèbre abstraite : les groupes, les sous-groupes, les classes, les conjugués, les orbites, et les extensions de groupe. M.C. Escher's colored monohedral tessellations of the plane are a useful tool for exploring many concepts of abstract algebra, including groups, subgroups, cosets, conjugates, orbits, and group extensions. Peer Reviewed

  15. Twisted aspirin crystals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cui, Xiaoyan; Rohl, Andrew L; Shtukenberg, Alexander; Kahr, Bart

    2013-03-06

    Banded spherulites of aspirin have been crystallized from the melt in the presence of salicylic acid either generated from aspirin decomposition or added deliberately (2.6-35.9 mol %). Scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction analysis, and optical polarimetry show that the spherulites are composed of helicoidal crystallites twisted along the growth directions. Mueller matrix imaging reveals radial oscillations in not only linear birefringence, but also circular birefringence, whose origin is explained through slight (∼1.3°) but systematic splaying of individual lamellae in the film. Strain associated with the replacement of aspirin molecules by salicylic acid molecules in the crystal structure is computed to be large enough to work as the driving force for the twisting of crystallites.

  16. Twisting the N=2 string

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ketov, Sergei V.; Lechtenfeld, Olaf; Parkes, Andrew J.

    1995-03-01

    The most general homogeneous monodromy conditions in N=2 string theory are classified in terms of the conjugacy classes of the global symmetry group U(1,1)⊗openZ2. For classes which generate a discrete subgroup Γ, the corresponding target space backgrounds openC1,1/Γ include half spaces, complex orbifolds, and tori. We propose a generalization of the intercept formula to matrix-valued twists, but find massless physical states only for Γ=open1 (untwisted) and Γ=openZ2 (in the manner of Mathur and Mukhi), as well as for Γ being a parabolic element of U(1,1). In particular, the 16 openZ2-twisted sectors of the N=2 string are investigated, and the corresponding ground states are identified via bosonization and BRST cohomology. We find enough room for an extended multiplet of ``spacetime'' supersymmetry, with the number of supersymmetries being dependent on global ``spacetime'' topology. However, world-sheet locality for the chiral vertex operators does not permit interactions among all massless ``spacetime'' fermions.

  17. Twisted Polynomials and Forgery Attacks on GCM

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Abdelraheem, Mohamed Ahmed A. M. A.; Beelen, Peter; Bogdanov, Andrey;

    2015-01-01

    nonce misuse resistance, such as POET. The algebraic structure of polynomial hashing has given rise to security concerns: At CRYPTO 2008, Handschuh and Preneel describe key recovery attacks, and at FSE 2013, Procter and Cid provide a comprehensive framework for forgery attacks. Both approaches rely...... heavily on the ability to construct forgery polynomials having disjoint sets of roots, with many roots (“weak keys”) each. Constructing such polynomials beyond naïve approaches is crucial for these attacks, but still an open problem. In this paper, we comprehensively address this issue. We propose to use...... in an improved key recovery algorithm. As cryptanalytic applications of our twisted polynomials, we develop the first universal forgery attacks on GCM in the weak-key model that do not require nonce reuse. Moreover, we present universal weak-key forgeries for the nonce-misuse resistant AE scheme POET, which...

  18. An evaluation on Real Semisimple Lie Algebras

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    @@ The theory of Lie groups and Lie algebras stem from that of continuous groups founded by Sophus Lie at the end of 19th century. From the beginning, the theory of Lie groups and Lie algebras has displayed great value in both theoretical researches and applications.

  19. Operator theory, operator algebras and applications

    CERN Document Server

    Lebre, Amarino; Samko, Stefan; Spitkovsky, Ilya

    2014-01-01

    This book consists of research papers that cover the scientific areas of the International Workshop on Operator Theory, Operator Algebras and Applications, held in Lisbon in September 2012. The volume particularly focuses on (i) operator theory and harmonic analysis (singular integral operators with shifts; pseudodifferential operators, factorization of almost periodic matrix functions; inequalities; Cauchy type integrals; maximal and singular operators on generalized Orlicz-Morrey spaces; the Riesz potential operator; modification of Hadamard fractional integro-differentiation), (ii) operator algebras (invertibility in groupoid C*-algebras; inner endomorphisms of some semi group, crossed products; C*-algebras generated by mappings which have finite orbits; Folner sequences in operator algebras; arithmetic aspect of C*_r SL(2); C*-algebras of singular integral operators; algebras of operator sequences) and (iii) mathematical physics (operator approach to diffraction from polygonal-conical screens; Poisson geo...

  20. Twist planet drive

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vranish, John M. (Inventor)

    1996-01-01

    A planetary gear system includes a sun gear coupled to an annular ring gear through a plurality of twist-planet gears, a speeder gear, and a ground structure having an internal ring gear. Each planet gear includes a solid gear having a first half portion in the form of a spur gear which includes vertical gear teeth and a second half portion in the form of a spur gear which includes helical gear teeth that are offset from the vertical gear teeth and which contact helical gear teeth on the speeder gear and helical gear teeth on the outer ring gear. One half of the twist planet gears are preloaded downward, while the other half are preloaded upwards, each one alternating with the other so that each one twists in a motion opposite to its neighbor when rotated until each planet gear seats against the sun gear, the outer ring gear, the speeder gear, and the inner ring gear. The resulting configuration is an improved stiff anti-backlash gear system.

  1. Snyder noncommutativity and pseudo-Hermitian Hamiltonians from a Jordanian twist

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Castro, P.G., E-mail: pgcastro@cbpf.b [Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora (DM/ICE/UFJF), Juiz de Fora, MG (Brazil). Inst. de Ciencias Exatas. Dept. de Matematica; Kullock, R.; Toppan, F., E-mail: ricardokl@cbpf.b, E-mail: toppan@cbpf.b [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas (TEO/CBPF), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Coordenacao de Fisica Teorica

    2011-07-01

    Nonrelativistic quantum mechanics and conformal quantum mechanics are de- formed through a Jordanian twist. The deformed space coordinates satisfy the Snyder noncommutativity. The resulting deformed Hamiltonians are pseudo-Hermitian Hamiltonians of the type discussed by Mostafazadeh. The quantization scheme makes use of the so-called 'unfolded formalism' discussed in previous works. A Hopf algebra structure, compatible with the physical interpretation of the coproduct, is introduced for the Universal Enveloping Algebra of a suitably chosen dynamical Lie algebra (the Hamiltonian is contained among its generators). The multi-particle sector, uniquely determined by the deformed 2-particle Hamiltonian, is composed of bosonic particles. (author)

  2. Let's Twist Again: N=2 Super Yang Mills Theory Coupled To Matter

    CERN Document Server

    Maggiore, Nicola

    2010-01-01

    We give the twisted version of N=2 Super Yang Mills theory coupled to matter, including quantum fields, supersymmetry transformations, action and algebraic structure. We show that the whole action, coupled to matter, can be written as the variation of a nilpotent operator, modulo field equations. An extended Slavnov-Taylor identity, collecting gauge symmetry and supersymmetry, is written, which allows to define the web of algebraic constraints, in view of the algebraic renormalization and of the extension of the non-renormalization theorems holding for N=2 SYM theory without matter.

  3. Real Algebraic Geometry

    CERN Document Server

    Mahé, Louis; Roy, Marie-Françoise

    1992-01-01

    Ten years after the first Rennes international meeting on real algebraic geometry, the second one looked at the developments in the subject during the intervening decade - see the 6 survey papers listed below. Further contributions from the participants on recent research covered real algebra and geometry, topology of real algebraic varieties and 16thHilbert problem, classical algebraic geometry, techniques in real algebraic geometry, algorithms in real algebraic geometry, semialgebraic geometry, real analytic geometry. CONTENTS: Survey papers: M. Knebusch: Semialgebraic topology in the last ten years.- R. Parimala: Algebraic and topological invariants of real algebraic varieties.- Polotovskii, G.M.: On the classification of decomposing plane algebraic curves.- Scheiderer, C.: Real algebra and its applications to geometry in the last ten years: some major developments and results.- Shustin, E.L.: Topology of real plane algebraic curves.- Silhol, R.: Moduli problems in real algebraic geometry. Further contribu...

  4. Elements of abstract algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Clark, Allan

    1984-01-01

    This concise, readable, college-level text treats basic abstract algebra in remarkable depth and detail. An antidote to the usual surveys of structure, the book presents group theory, Galois theory, and classical ideal theory in a framework emphasizing proof of important theorems.Chapter I (Set Theory) covers the basics of sets. Chapter II (Group Theory) is a rigorous introduction to groups. It contains all the results needed for Galois theory as well as the Sylow theorems, the Jordan-Holder theorem, and a complete treatment of the simplicity of alternating groups. Chapter III (Field Theory)

  5. Topological convolution algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Alpay, Daniel

    2012-01-01

    In this paper we introduce a new family of topological convolution algebras of the form $\\bigcup_{p\\in\\mathbb N} L_2(S,\\mu_p)$, where $S$ is a Borel semi-group in a locally compact group $G$, which carries an inequality of the type $\\|f*g\\|_p\\le A_{p,q}\\|f\\|_q\\|g\\|_p$ for $p > q+d$ where $d$ pre-assigned, and $A_{p,q}$ is a constant. We give a sufficient condition on the measures $\\mu_p$ for such an inequality to hold. We study the functional calculus and the spectrum of the elements of these algebras, and present two examples, one in the setting of non commutative stochastic distributions, and the other related to Dirichlet series.

  6. Basic algebraic topology and its applications

    CERN Document Server

    Adhikari, Mahima Ranjan

    2016-01-01

    This book provides an accessible introduction to algebraic topology, a field at the intersection of topology, geometry and algebra, together with its applications. Moreover, it covers several related topics that are in fact important in the overall scheme of algebraic topology. Comprising eighteen chapters and two appendices, the book integrates various concepts of algebraic topology, supported by examples, exercises, applications and historical notes. Primarily intended as a textbook, the book offers a valuable resource for undergraduate, postgraduate and advanced mathematics students alike. Focusing more on the geometric than on algebraic aspects of the subject, as well as its natural development, the book conveys the basic language of modern algebraic topology by exploring homotopy, homology and cohomology theories, and examines a variety of spaces: spheres, projective spaces, classical groups and their quotient spaces, function spaces, polyhedra, topological groups, Lie groups and cell complexes, etc. T...

  7. Algebraic and differential generic Galois groups for q-difference equations, followed by the appendix "The Galois D-groupoid of a q-difference system" by Anne Granier

    CERN Document Server

    Di Vizio, Lucia

    2010-01-01

    Let k be a perfect field and K be a finite extension of k(q), with q transcendent over k. In Part I, we prove that a q-difference module over $K(x)$ is trivial if and only if its specialization at q =\\xi is trivial for almost all primitive roots of unity \\xi. In Part II, we shiw that the generic algebraic (resp. differential) Galois group is the smallest algebraic (resp. algebraic differential) group containing the curvatures of the q-difference module for almost all primitive roots of unity \\xi. Although no general Galois correspondence holds in this setting, if the characteristic of k is positive and the generic Galois group is nonreduced, we can prove some devissage. In Part III we give some comparison results between the two generic Galois groups above and the other Galois groups in the literature and, inspired by [And01], between the group obtained by specialization of the parameter q in the generic (differential) Galois group of a module over K(x) and the generic (differential) Galois group of the speci...

  8. Almost-graded central extensions of Lax operator algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Schlichenmaier, Martin

    2011-01-01

    Lax operator algebras constitute a new class of infinite dimensional Lie algebras of geometric origin. More precisely, they are algebras of matrices whose entries are meromorphic functions on a compact Riemann surface. They generalize classical current algebras and current algebras of Krichever-Novikov type. Lax operators for $\\gl(n)$, with the spectral parameter on a Riemann surface, were introduced by Krichever. In joint works of Krichever and Sheinman their algebraic structure was revealed and extended to more general groups. These algebras are almost-graded. In this article their definition is recalled and classification and uniqueness results for almost-graded central extensions for this new class of algebras are presented. The explicit forms of the defining cocycles are given. If the finite-dimensional Lie algebra on which the Lax operator algebra is based is simple then, up to equivalence and rescaling of the central element, there is a unique non-trivial almost-graded central extension. These results ...

  9. Solvable quadratic Lie algebras

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHU; Linsheng

    2006-01-01

    A Lie algebra endowed with a nondegenerate, symmetric, invariant bilinear form is called a quadratic Lie algebra. In this paper, the author investigates the structure of solvable quadratic Lie algebras, in particular, the solvable quadratic Lie algebras whose Cartan subalgebras consist of semi-simple elements, the author presents a procedure to construct a class of quadratic Lie algebras from the point of view of cohomology and shows that all solvable quadratic Lie algebras can be obtained in this way.

  10. Symmetric Boolean Algebras

    OpenAIRE

    DÍaz, R.; Rivas, M.

    2010-01-01

    In order to study Boolean algebras in the category of vector spaces we introduce a prop whose algebras in set are Boolean algebras. A probabilistic logical interpretation for linear Boolean algebras is provided. An advantage of defining Boolean algebras in the linear category is that we are able to study its symmetric powers. We give explicit formulae for products in symmetric and cyclic Boolean algebras of various dimensions and formulate symmetric forms of the inclusion-exclusion principle.

  11. Algebraic functions

    CERN Document Server

    Bliss, Gilbert Ames

    1933-01-01

    This book, immediately striking for its conciseness, is one of the most remarkable works ever produced on the subject of algebraic functions and their integrals. The distinguishing feature of the book is its third chapter, on rational functions, which gives an extremely brief and clear account of the theory of divisors.... A very readable account is given of the topology of Riemann surfaces and of the general properties of abelian integrals. Abel's theorem is presented, with some simple applications. The inversion problem is studied for the cases of genus zero and genus unity. The chapter on t

  12. Modern algebra essentials

    CERN Document Server

    Lutfiyya, Lutfi A

    2012-01-01

    REA's Essentials provide quick and easy access to critical information in a variety of different fields, ranging from the most basic to the most advanced. As its name implies, these concise, comprehensive study guides summarize the essentials of the field covered. Essentials are helpful when preparing for exams, doing homework and will remain a lasting reference source for students, teachers, and professionals. Modern Algebra includes set theory, operations, relations, basic properties of the integers, group theory, and ring theory.

  13. Extension of a quantized enveloping algebra by a Hopf algebra

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Suppose that H is a Hopf algebra,and g is a generalized Kac-Moody algebra with Cartan matrix A =(aij)I×I,where I is an index set and is equal to either {1,2,...,n} or the natural number set N.Let f,g be two mappings from I to G(H),the set of group-like elements of H,such that the multiplication of elements in the set {f(i),g(i)|i ∈I} is commutative.Then we define a Hopf algebra Hgf Uq(g),where Uq(g) is the quantized enveloping algebra of g.

  14. Simplicity and maximal commutative subalgebras of twisted generalized Weyl algebras

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hartwig, J.T.; Öinert, Per Johan

    2013-01-01

    conditions for certain TGWAs to be simple, in the case when R is commutative. We illustrate our theorems by considering some special classes of TGWAs and providing concrete examples. We also discuss how simplicity of a TGWA is related to the maximal commutativity of R and the (non-)existence of non...

  15. Piecewise-Koszul algebras

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    It is a small step toward the Koszul-type algebras. The piecewise-Koszul algebras are,in general, a new class of quadratic algebras but not the classical Koszul ones, simultaneously they agree with both the classical Koszul and higher Koszul algebras in special cases. We give a criteria theorem for a graded algebra A to be piecewise-Koszul in terms of its Yoneda-Ext algebra E(A), and show an A∞-structure on E(A). Relations between Koszul algebras and piecewise-Koszul algebras are discussed. In particular, our results are related to the third question of Green-Marcos.

  16. The Gravitational Field of a Twisted Skyrmion

    CERN Document Server

    Hadi, Miftachul; Husein, Andri

    2015-01-01

    We study nonlinear sigma model, especially Skyrme model without twist and Skyrme model with twist: twisted Skyrme model. Twist term, $mkz$, is indicated in vortex solution. We are interested to construct a space-time containing a string with Lagrangian plus a twist. To add gravity, we replace $\\eta^{\\mu\

  17. Properties of twisted ferromagnetic filaments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Belovs, Mihails; Cebers, Andrejs [University of Latvia, Zellu 8, LV-1002 (Latvia)], E-mail: aceb@tesla.sal.lv

    2009-02-01

    The full set of equations for twisted ferromagnetic filaments is derived. The linear stability analysis of twisted ferromagnetic filament is carried out. Two different types of the buckling instability are found - monotonous and oscillatory. The first in the limit of large twist leads to the shape of filament reminding pearls on the string, the second to spontaneous rotation of the filament, which may constitute the working of chiral microengine.

  18. Universal algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Grätzer, George

    1979-01-01

    Universal Algebra, heralded as ". . . the standard reference in a field notorious for the lack of standardization . . .," has become the most authoritative, consistently relied on text in a field with applications in other branches of algebra and other fields such as combinatorics, geometry, and computer science. Each chapter is followed by an extensive list of exercises and problems. The "state of the art" account also includes new appendices (with contributions from B. Jónsson, R. Quackenbush, W. Taylor, and G. Wenzel) and a well-selected additional bibliography of over 1250 papers and books which makes this a fine work for students, instructors, and researchers in the field. "This book will certainly be, in the years to come, the basic reference to the subject." --- The American Mathematical Monthly (First Edition) "In this reviewer's opinion [the author] has more than succeeded in his aim. The problems at the end of each chapter are well-chosen; there are more than 650 of them. The book is especially sui...

  19. On the Correspondence between Poincar\\'e Symmetry of Commutative QFT and Twisted Poincar\\'e Symmetry of Noncommutative QFT

    CERN Document Server

    Abe, Yasumi

    2007-01-01

    The space-time symmetry of noncommutative quantum field theories with a deformed quantization is described by the twisted Poincar\\'e algebra, while that of standard commutative quantum field theories is described by the Poincar\\'e algebra. Based on the equivalence of the deformed theory with a commutative field theory, the correspondence between the twisted Poincar\\'e symmetry of the deformed theory and the Poincar\\'e symmetry of a commutative theory is established. As a by-product, we obtain the conserved charge associated with the twisted Poincar\\'e transformation to make the twisted Poincar\\'e symmetry evident in the deformed theory. Our result implies that the equivalence between the commutative theory and the deformed theory holds in a deeper level, i.e., it holds not only in correlation functions but also

  20. Alternative algebraic approaches in quantum chemistry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mezey, Paul G.

    2015-01-01

    Various algebraic approaches of quantum chemistry all follow a common principle: the fundamental properties and interrelations providing the most essential features of a quantum chemical representation of a molecule or a chemical process, such as a reaction, can always be described by algebraic methods. Whereas such algebraic methods often provide precise, even numerical answers, nevertheless their main role is to give a framework that can be elaborated and converted into computational methods by involving alternative mathematical techniques, subject to the constraints and directions provided by algebra. In general, algebra describes sets of interrelations, often phrased in terms of algebraic operations, without much concern with the actual entities exhibiting these interrelations. However, in many instances, the very realizations of two, seemingly unrelated algebraic structures by actual quantum chemical entities or properties play additional roles, and unexpected connections between different algebraic structures are often giving new insight. Here we shall be concerned with two alternative algebraic structures: the fundamental group of reaction mechanisms, based on the energy-dependent topology of potential energy surfaces, and the interrelations among point symmetry groups for various distorted nuclear arrangements of molecules. These two, distinct algebraic structures provide interesting interrelations, which can be exploited in actual studies of molecular conformational and reaction processes. Two relevant theorems will be discussed.

  1. 辫群上的扭结共轭搜索问题和密码体制研究%Research on Twisted Conjugacy Search Problem and Cryptosystems on Braid Group

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程玉芳; 王晓峰

    2012-01-01

    By analyzing the properties of braid group and some decision problems on braid group, this paper proposes a protocol by applying twisted conjugacy search problem, subgroup membership decision problem and root search problem on to specific subgroups of braid groups where the subgroups enjoy unsolvable word problem. Security analysis shows that the protocol can resist length attack, key-only attack, chosen message attack and chosenplaintext attack and so on.%通过分析辫群的相关性质及群上的判定问题,结合扭结共轭问题、子群成员判断问题及根搜索问题,提出一种辫群上的公钥加密协议和签名协议,对两者的安全性进行分析,证明敌手无法从公钥中恢复密钥,因此协议可以抵抗长度攻击、惟密钥攻击、一般选择消息攻击、定向选择消息攻击和适应性选择消息攻击.

  2. Homology and cohomology of Rees semigroup algebras

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grønbæk, Niels; Gourdeau, Frédéric; White, Michael C.

    2011-01-01

    Let S by a Rees semigroup, and let 1¹(S) be its convolution semigroup algebra. Using Morita equivalence we show that bounded Hochschild homology and cohomology of l¹(S) is isomorphic to those of the underlying discrete group algebra.......Let S by a Rees semigroup, and let 1¹(S) be its convolution semigroup algebra. Using Morita equivalence we show that bounded Hochschild homology and cohomology of l¹(S) is isomorphic to those of the underlying discrete group algebra....

  3. Open algebraic surfaces

    CERN Document Server

    Miyanishi, Masayoshi

    2000-01-01

    Open algebraic surfaces are a synonym for algebraic surfaces that are not necessarily complete. An open algebraic surface is understood as a Zariski open set of a projective algebraic surface. There is a long history of research on projective algebraic surfaces, and there exists a beautiful Enriques-Kodaira classification of such surfaces. The research accumulated by Ramanujan, Abhyankar, Moh, and Nagata and others has established a classification theory of open algebraic surfaces comparable to the Enriques-Kodaira theory. This research provides powerful methods to study the geometry and topology of open algebraic surfaces. The theory of open algebraic surfaces is applicable not only to algebraic geometry, but also to other fields, such as commutative algebra, invariant theory, and singularities. This book contains a comprehensive account of the theory of open algebraic surfaces, as well as several applications, in particular to the study of affine surfaces. Prerequisite to understanding the text is a basic b...

  4. Generalized exterior algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Marchuk, Nikolay

    2011-01-01

    Exterior algebras and differential forms are widely used in many fields of modern mathematics and theoretical physics. In this paper we define a notion of $N$-metric exterior algebra, which depends on $N$ matrices of structure constants. The usual exterior algebra (Grassmann algebra) can be considered as 0-metric exterior algebra. Clifford algebra can be considered as 1-metric exterior algebra. $N$-metric exterior algebras for $N\\geq2$ can be considered as generalizations of the Grassmann algebra and Clifford algebra. Specialists consider models of gravity that based on a mathematical formalism with two metric tensors. We hope that the considered in this paper 2-metric exterior algebra can be useful for development of this model in gravitation theory. Especially in description of fermions in presence of a gravity field.

  5. Rigidification of algebras over essentially algebraic theories

    CERN Document Server

    Rosicky, J

    2012-01-01

    Badzioch and Bergner proved a rigidification theorem saying that each homotopy simplicial algebra is weakly equivalent to a simplicial algebra. The question is whether this result can be extended from algebraic theories to finite limit theories and from simplicial sets to more general monoidal model categories. We will present some answers to this question.

  6. WEAKLY ALGEBRAIC REFLEXIVITY AND STRONGLY ALGEBRAIC REFLEXIVITY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TaoChangli; LuShijie; ChenPeixin

    2002-01-01

    Algebraic reflexivity introduced by Hadwin is related to linear interpolation. In this paper, the concepts of weakly algebraic reflexivity and strongly algebraic reflexivity which are also related to linear interpolation are introduced. Some properties of them are obtained and some relations between them revealed.

  7. Automorphisms and Derivations of the Insertion-Elimination Algebra and Related Graded Lie Algebras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ondrus, Matthew; Wiesner, Emilie

    2016-07-01

    This paper addresses several structural aspects of the insertion-elimination algebra {mathfrak{g}}, a Lie algebra that can be realized in terms of tree-inserting and tree-eliminating operations on the set of rooted trees. In particular, we determine the finite-dimensional subalgebras of {mathfrak{g}}, the automorphism group of {mathfrak{g}}, the derivation Lie algebra of {mathfrak{g}}, and a generating set. Several results are stated in terms of Lie algebras admitting a triangular decomposition and can be used to reproduce results for the generalized Virasoro algebras.

  8. Twisted mass lattice QCD

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shindler, A. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Zeuthen (Germany). John von Neumann-Inst. fuer Computing NIC

    2007-07-15

    I review the theoretical foundations, properties as well as the simulation results obtained so far of a variant of the Wilson lattice QCD formulation: Wilson twisted mass lattice QCD. Emphasis is put on the discretization errors and on the effects of these discretization errors on the phase structure for Wilson-like fermions in the chiral limit. The possibility to use in lattice simulations different lattice actions for sea and valence quarks to ease the renormalization patterns of phenomenologically relevant local operators, is also discussed. (orig.)

  9. Stable Recursive Subhomogeneous Algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Liang, Hutian

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, we introduce stable recursive subhomogeneous algebras (SRSHAs), which is analogous to recursive subhomogeneous algebras (RSHAs) introduced by N. C. Phillips in the studies of free minimal integer actions on compact metric spaces. The difference between the stable version and the none stable version is that the irreducible representations of SRSHAs are infinite dimensional, but the irreducible representations of the RSHAs are finite dimensional. While RSHAs play an important role in the study of free minimal integer actions on compact metric spaces, SRSHAs play an analogous role in the study of free minimal actions by the group of the real numbers on compact metric spaces. In this paper, we show that simple inductive limits of SRSHAs with no dimension growth in which the connecting maps are injective and non-vanishing have topological stable rank one.

  10. Algebraic treatment of compactification on noncommutative tori

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casalbuoni, R.

    1998-07-01

    In this paper we study the compactification conditions of the M theory on D-dimensional noncommutative tori. The main tool used for this analysis is the algebra A(ZD) of the projective representations of the abelian group ZD. We exhibit the explicit solutions in the space of the multiplication algebra of A(ZD), that is the algebra generated by right and left multiplications.

  11. The Yoneda algebra of a K_2 algebra need not be another K_2 algebra

    OpenAIRE

    Cassidy, T.; Phan, Van C.; Shelton, B.

    2008-01-01

    The Yoneda algebra of a Koszul algebra or a D-Koszul algebra is Koszul. K2 algebras are a natural generalization of Koszul algebras, and one would hope that the Yoneda algebra of a K2 algebra would be another K2 algebra. We show that this is not necessarily the case by constructing a monomial K2 algebra for which the corresponding Yoneda algebra is not K2.

  12. The Yoneda algebra of a K_2 algebra need not be another K_2 algebra

    OpenAIRE

    Cassidy, T; Phan, Van C.; Shelton, B.

    2008-01-01

    The Yoneda algebra of a Koszul algebra or a D-Koszul algebra is Koszul. K2 algebras are a natural generalization of Koszul algebras, and one would hope that the Yoneda algebra of a K2 algebra would be another K2 algebra. We show that this is not necessarily the case by constructing a monomial K2 algebra for which the corresponding Yoneda algebra is not K2.

  13. THE FUNDAMENTAL GROUP OF THE AUTOMORPHISM GROUP OF A NONCOMMUTATIVE TORUS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Assume that each completely irrational noncommutative torus is realized as an inductive limit of circle algebras, and that for a completely irrational noncommutative torus Aω of rank m there are a completely irrational noncommutative torus Aρ of rank m and a positive integer d such that tr(Aω) = 1/d. tr(Aρ). It is proved that the set of all C*-algebras of sections of locally trivial C*-algebra bundles over S2 with fibres Aω has a group structure, denoted by πs1(Aut(Aω)), which is isomorphic to Z. if d > 1 and {0} if d > 1. Let Bcd be a cd-homogeneous C*-algebra over S2 × T2 of which no non-trivial matrix algebra can be factored out. The spherical noncommutative torus Scdρ is defined by twisting C*(T2 × Zm-2) in Bcd C*(Zm-2) by a totally skew multiplier ρ on T2 × Zm-2. It is shown that Scdρ Mp∞ is isomorphic to C(S2) C*(T2 × Zm-2,ρ) Mcd(C) Mp∞ if and only if the set of prime factors of cd is a subset of the set of prime factors of p.

  14. Workshop on Commutative Algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Simis, Aron

    1990-01-01

    The central theme of this volume is commutative algebra, with emphasis on special graded algebras, which are increasingly of interest in problems of algebraic geometry, combinatorics and computer algebra. Most of the papers have partly survey character, but are research-oriented, aiming at classification and structural results.

  15. Probabilistic Concurrent Kleene Algebra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annabelle McIver

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available We provide an extension of concurrent Kleene algebras to account for probabilistic properties. The algebra yields a unified framework containing nondeterminism, concurrency and probability and is sound with respect to the set of probabilistic automata modulo probabilistic simulation. We use the resulting algebra to generalise the algebraic formulation of a variant of Jones' rely/guarantee calculus.

  16. Projections onto Invariant Subspaces of Some Banach Algebras

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ali GHAFFARI

    2008-01-01

    In this paper,among other things,the author studies the weak*-closed left translation invariant complemented subspace of semigroup algebras and group algebras.Also,the author studiesthe relationships between projections and amenability.

  17. Twisting formula of epsilon factors

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    SAZZAD ALI BISWAS

    2017-09-01

    For characters of a non-Archimedean local field we have explicit formula for epsilon factors. But in general, we do not have any generalized twisting formula of epsilon factors. In this paper, we give a generalized twisting formula of epsilon factorsvia local Jacobi sums.

  18. Introduction to relation algebras relation algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Givant, Steven

    2017-01-01

    The first volume of a pair that charts relation algebras from novice to expert level, this text offers a comprehensive grounding for readers new to the topic. Upon completing this introduction, mathematics students may delve into areas of active research by progressing to the second volume, Advanced Topics in Relation Algebras; computer scientists, philosophers, and beyond will be equipped to apply these tools in their own field. The careful presentation establishes first the arithmetic of relation algebras, providing ample motivation and examples, then proceeds primarily on the basis of algebraic constructions: subalgebras, homomorphisms, quotient algebras, and direct products. Each chapter ends with a historical section and a substantial number of exercises. The only formal prerequisite is a background in abstract algebra and some mathematical maturity, though the reader will also benefit from familiarity with Boolean algebra and naïve set theory. The measured pace and outstanding clarity are particularly ...

  19. Generalized Quantum Current Algebras

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO Liu

    2001-01-01

    Two general families of new quantum-deformed current algebras are proposed and identified both as infinite Hopf family of algebras, a structure which enables one to define "tensor products" of these algebras. The standard quantum affine algebras turn out to be a very special case of the two algebra families, in which case the infinite Hopf family structure degenerates into a standard Hopf algebra. The relationship between the two algebraic families as well as thefr various special examples are discussed, and the free boson representation is also considered.

  20. The Onsager Algebra

    CERN Document Server

    El-Chaar, Caroline

    2012-01-01

    In this thesis, four realizations of the Onsager algebra are explored. We begin with its original definition as introduced by Lars Onsager. We then examine how the Onsager algebra can be presented as a Lie algebra with two generators and two relations. The third realization of the Onsager algebra consists of viewing it as an equivariant map algebra which then gives us the tools to classify its closed ideals. Finally, we examine the Onsager algebra as a subalgebra of the tetrahedron algebra. Using this fourth realization, we explicitly describe all its ideals.

  1. Extending Characters on Fix Algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Wagner, Stefan

    2011-01-01

    A dynamical system is a triple $(A,G,\\alpha)$, consisting of a unital locally convex algebra $A$, a topological group $G$ and a group homomorphism $\\alpha:G\\rightarrow\\Aut(A)$, which induces a continuous action of $G$ on $A$. Further, a unital locally convex algebra $A$ is called continuous inverse algebra, or CIA for short, if its group of units $A^{\\times}$ is open in $A$ and the inversion $\\iota:A^{\\times}\\rightarrow A^{\\times},\\,\\,\\,a\\mapsto a^{-1}$ is continuous at $1_A$. For a compact manifold $M$, the Fr\\'echet algebra of smooth functions $C^{\\infty}(M)$ is the prototype of such a continuous inverse algebra. We show that if $A$ is a complete commutative CIA, $G$ a compact group and $(A,G,\\alpha)$ a dynamical system, then each character of $B:=A^G$ can be extended to a character of $A$. In particular, the natural map on the level of the corresponding spectra $\\Gamma_A\\rightarrow\\Gamma_B$, $\\chi\\mapsto\\chi_{\\mid B}$ is surjective.

  2. Perturbations of planar algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Das, Paramita; Gupta, Ved Prakash

    2010-01-01

    We introduce the concept of {\\em weight} of a planar algebra $P$ and construct a new planar algebra referred as the {\\em perturbation of $P$} by the weight. We establish a one-to-one correspondence between pivotal structures on 2-categories and perturbations of planar algebras by weights. To each bifinite bimodule over $II_1$-factors, we associate a {\\em bimodule planar algebra} bimodule corresponds naturally with sphericality of the bimodule planar algebra. As a consequence of this, we reproduce an extension of Jones' theorem (of associating 'subfactor planar algebras' to extremal subfactors). Conversely, given a bimodule planar algebra, we construct a bifinite bimodule whose associated bimodule planar algebra is the one which we start with using perturbations and Jones-Walker-Shlyakhtenko-Kodiyalam-Sunder method of reconstructing an extremal subfactor from a subfactor planar algebra. We show that the perturbation class of a bimodule planar algebra contains a unique spherical unimodular bimodule planar algeb...

  3. Algebras with actions and automata

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. Kühnel

    1982-01-01

    Full Text Available In the present paper we want to give a common structure theory of left action, group operations, R-modules and automata of different types defined over various kinds of carrier objects: sets, graphs, presheaves, sheaves, topological spaces (in particular: compactly generated Hausdorff spaces. The first section gives an axiomatic approach to algebraic structures relative to a base category B, slightly more powerful than that of monadic (tripleable functors. In section 2 we generalize Lawveres functorial semantics to many-sorted algebras over cartesian closed categories. In section 3 we treat the structures mentioned in the beginning as many-sorted algebras with fixed “scalar” or “input” object and show that they still have an algebraic (or monadic forgetful functor (theorem 3.3 and hence the general theory of algebraic structures applies. These structures were usually treated as one-sorted in the Lawvere-setting, the action being expressed by a family of unary operations indexed over the scalars. But this approach cannot, as the one developed here, describe continuity of the action (more general: the action to be a B-morphism, which is essential for the structures mentioned above, e.g. modules for a sheaf of rings or topological automata. Finally we discuss consequences of theorem 3.3 for the structure theory of various types of automata. The particular case of algebras with fixed “natural numbers object” has been studied by the authors in [23].

  4. Twisted supergravity and its quantization

    CERN Document Server

    Costello, Kevin

    2016-01-01

    Twisted supergravity is supergravity in a background where the bosonic ghost field takes a non-zero value. This is the supergravity counterpart of the familiar concept of twisting supersymmetric field theories. In this paper, we give conjectural descriptions of type IIA and IIB supergravity in $10$ dimensions. Our conjectural descriptions are in terms of the closed-string field theories associated to certain topological string theories, and we conjecture that these topological string theories are twists of the physical string theories. For type IIB, the results of arXiv:1505.6703 show that our candidate twisted supergravity theory admits a unique quantization in perturbation theory. This is despite the fact that the theories, like the original physical theories, are non-renormalizable. Although we do not prove our conjectures, we amass considerable evidence. We find that our candidates for the twisted supergravity theories contain the residual supersymmetry one would expect. We also prove (using heavily a res...

  5. On indecomposable modules over the Virasoro algebra

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    sU; Yucai(

    2001-01-01

    [1]Chari, V. , Pressley, A., Unitary representations of the Virasoro algebra and a conjecture of Kac, Compositio Math, 1988,67: 315-342.[2]Feign, B. L. , Fuchs, D. B., Verma modules over the Virasoro algebra, Lecture Notes in Math, 1984, 1060: 230-245.[3]Kac, V. G., Some problems on infinite-dimensional Lie algebras and their representations, Lie algebras and related topics,Lecture Notes in Math., 1982, 933: 117-126.[4]Kac, V. G., Infinite Dimensional Lie Algebras, 2nd ed., Boston, Cambridge: Birkhauser, 1985.[5]Kaplansky, I., Santharoubane, L. J., Harish-Chandra modules over the Virasoro algebra, Infinite-dimensional groups with application, Math. Sci. Res. Inst. Pub., 1985, 4: 217-231.[6]Langlands, R., On unitary representations of the Virasoro algebra, Infinite-Dimensional Lie Algebras and Their Application,Singapore: World Scientific, 1986, 141-159.[7]Martin. C. , Piard, A., Indecomposable modules over the Virasoro Lie algebra and a conjecture of V Kac, Comm. Math.Phys., 1991, 137: 109-132.[8]Mathieu, O. , Classification of Harish-Chandra modules over the Virasoro Lie algebra, Invent Math., 1992, 107: 225-234.[9]Su, Y., A classification of indecomposable sl2(2)-modules and a conjecture of Kac on irreducible modules over the Virasoro algebra, J. Alg., 1993, 161: 33-46.[10]Su, Y. , Classification of Harish-Chandra modules over the super-Virasoro algebras, Comm. Alg., 1995, 23: 3653-3675.[11]Su, Y. , Simple modules over the high rank Virasoro algebras, Comm. Alg., 2001, in press.

  6. Yangians and transvector algebras

    OpenAIRE

    Molev, A. I.

    1998-01-01

    Olshanski's centralizer construction provides a realization of the Yangian for the Lie algebra gl(n) as a subalgebra in the projective limit of a chain of centralizers in the universal enveloping algebras. We give a modified version of this construction based on a quantum analog of Sylvester's theorem. We then use it to get an algebra homomorphism from the Yangian to the transvector algebra associated with the general linear Lie algebras. The results are applied to identify the elementary rep...

  7. Algebra II textbook for students of mathematics

    CERN Document Server

    Gorodentsev, Alexey L

    2017-01-01

    This book is the second volume of an intensive “Russian-style” two-year undergraduate course in abstract algebra, and introduces readers to the basic algebraic structures – fields, rings, modules, algebras, groups, and categories – and explains the main principles of and methods for working with them. The course covers substantial areas of advanced combinatorics, geometry, linear and multilinear algebra, representation theory, category theory, commutative algebra, Galois theory, and algebraic geometry – topics that are often overlooked in standard undergraduate courses. This textbook is based on courses the author has conducted at the Independent University of Moscow and at the Faculty of Mathematics in the Higher School of Economics. The main content is complemented by a wealth of exercises for class discussion, some of which include comments and hints, as well as problems for independent study.

  8. Algebra I textbook for students of mathematics

    CERN Document Server

    Gorodentsev, Alexey L

    2016-01-01

    This book is the first volume of an intensive “Russian-style” two-year undergraduate course in abstract algebra, and introduces readers to the basic algebraic structures – fields, rings, modules, algebras, groups, and categories – and explains the main principles of and methods for working with them. The course covers substantial areas of advanced combinatorics, geometry, linear and multilinear algebra, representation theory, category theory, commutative algebra, Galois theory, and algebraic geometry – topics that are often overlooked in standard undergraduate courses. This textbook is based on courses the author has conducted at the Independent University of Moscow and at the Faculty of Mathematics in the Higher School of Economics. The main content is complemented by a wealth of exercises for class discussion, some of which include comments and hints, as well as problems for independent study.

  9. Algebraic curves and one-dimensional fields

    CERN Document Server

    Bogomolov, Fedor

    2002-01-01

    Algebraic curves have many special properties that make their study particularly rewarding. As a result, curves provide a natural introduction to algebraic geometry. In this book, the authors also bring out aspects of curves that are unique to them and emphasize connections with algebra. This text covers the essential topics in the geometry of algebraic curves, such as line and vector bundles, the Riemann-Roch Theorem, divisors, coherent sheaves, and zeroth and first cohomology groups. The authors make a point of using concrete examples and explicit methods to ensure that the style is clear an

  10. Computers in nonassociative rings and algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Beck, Robert E

    1977-01-01

    Computers in Nonassociative Rings and Algebras provides information pertinent to the computational aspects of nonassociative rings and algebras. This book describes the algorithmic approaches for solving problems using a computer.Organized into 10 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the concept of a symmetrized power of a group representation. This text then presents data structures and other computational methods that may be useful in the field of computational algebra. Other chapters consider several mathematical ideas, including identity processing in nonassociative algebras, str

  11. Cuntz Semigroups of Compact-Type Hopf C*-Algebras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dan Kučerovský

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The classical Cuntz semigroup has an important role in the study of C*-algebras, being one of the main invariants used to classify recalcitrant C*-algebras up to isomorphism. We consider C*-algebras that have Hopf algebra structure, and find additional structure in their Cuntz semigroups. We show that in many cases, isomorphisms of Cuntz semigroups that respect this additional structure can be lifted to Hopf algebra (biisomorphisms, up to a possible flip of the co-product. This shows that the Cuntz semigroup provides an interesting invariant of C*-algebraic quantum groups.

  12. Piecewise-Koszul algebras

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jia-feng; Lü

    2007-01-01

    [1]Priddy S.Koszul resolutions.Trans Amer Math Soc,152:39-60 (1970)[2]Beilinson A,Ginszburg V,Soergel W.Koszul duality patterns in representation theory.J Amer Math Soc,9:473-525 (1996)[3]Aquino R M,Green E L.On modules with linear presentations over Koszul algebras.Comm Algebra,33:19-36 (2005)[4]Green E L,Martinez-Villa R.Koszul and Yoneda algebras.Representation theory of algebras (Cocoyoc,1994).In:CMS Conference Proceedings,Vol 18.Providence,RI:American Mathematical Society,1996,247-297[5]Berger R.Koszulity for nonquadratic algebras.J Algebra,239:705-734 (2001)[6]Green E L,Marcos E N,Martinez-Villa R,et al.D-Koszul algebras.J Pure Appl Algebra,193:141-162(2004)[7]He J W,Lu D M.Higher Koszul Algebras and A-infinity Algebras.J Algebra,293:335-362 (2005)[8]Green E L,Marcos E N.δ-Koszul algebras.Comm Algebra,33(6):1753-1764 (2005)[9]Keller B.Introduction to A-infinity algebras and modules.Homology Homotopy Appl,3:1-35 (2001)[10]Green E L,Martinez-Villa R,Reiten I,et al.On modules with linear presentations.J Algebra,205(2):578-604 (1998)[11]Keller B.A-infinity algebras in representation theory.Contribution to the Proceedings of ICRA Ⅸ.Beijing:Peking University Press,2000[12]Lu D M,Palmieri J H,Wu Q S,et al.A∞-algebras for ring theorists.Algebra Colloq,11:91-128 (2004)[13]Weibel C A.An Introduction to homological algebra.Cambridge Studies in Avanced Mathematics,Vol 38.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,1995

  13. Automorphisms of the Cuntz algebras

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Conti, Roberto; Szymanski, Wojciech

    2011-01-01

    We survey recent results on endomorphisms and especially on automorphisms of the Cuntz algebras, with a special emphasis on the structure of the Weyl group. We discuss endomorphisms globally preserving the diagonal MASA and their corresponding actions. In particular, we investigate those endomorp......We survey recent results on endomorphisms and especially on automorphisms of the Cuntz algebras, with a special emphasis on the structure of the Weyl group. We discuss endomorphisms globally preserving the diagonal MASA and their corresponding actions. In particular, we investigate those...

  14. Highest weight representations of quantum current algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Albeverio, Sergio A; Albeverio, Sergio; Fei, Shao Ming

    1994-01-01

    We study the highest weight and continuous tensor product representations of q-deformed Lie algebras through the mappings of a manifold into a locally compact group. As an example the highest weight representation of the q-deformed algebra sl_q(2,\\Cb) is calculated in detail.

  15. On the Center of Generic Hecke Algebra

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    The concept of norm and cellular algebra are introduced and then the cellular basis is used to replace the Kazhdan-Lusztig basis. So a new base for the center of generic Hecke algebra associated with finite Coxeter group is found. The new base is described by using the notion of cell datum of Graham and Lehrer and the notion of norm.

  16. Representations of reductive normal algebraic monoids

    OpenAIRE

    Doty, Stephen

    2014-01-01

    The rational representation theory of a reductive normal algebraic monoid (with one-dimensional center) forms a highest weight category, in the sense of Cline, Parshall, and Scott. This is a fundamental fact about the representation theory of reductive normal algebraic monoids. We survey how this result was obtained, and treat some natural examples coming from classical groups.

  17. Uniform Frechet algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Goldmann, H

    1990-01-01

    The first part of this monograph is an elementary introduction to the theory of Fréchet algebras. Important examples of Fréchet algebras, which are among those considered, are the algebra of all holomorphic functions on a (hemicompact) reduced complex space, and the algebra of all continuous functions on a suitable topological space.The problem of finding analytic structure in the spectrum of a Fréchet algebra is the subject of the second part of the book. In particular, the author pays attention to function algebraic characterizations of certain Stein algebras (= algebras of holomorphic functions on Stein spaces) within the class of Fréchet algebras.

  18. Dynamical systems of algebraic origin

    CERN Document Server

    Schmidt, Klaus

    1995-01-01

    Although much of classical ergodic theory is concerned with single transformations and one-parameter flows, the subject inherits from statistical mechanics not only its name, but also an obligation to analyze spatially extended systems with multidimensional symmetry groups. However, the wealth of concrete and natural examples which has contributed so much to the appeal and development of classical dynamics, is noticeably absent in this more general theory. The purpose of this book is to help remedy this scarcity of explicit examples by introducing a class of continuous Zd-actions diverse enough to exhibit many of the new phenomena encountered in the transition from Z to Zd, but which nevertheless lends itself to systematic study: the Zd-actions by automorphisms of compact, abelian groups. One aspect of these actions, not surprising in itself but quite striking in its extent and depth nonetheless, is the connection with commutative algebra and arithmetical algebraic geometry. The algebraic framework resulting...

  19. Deformed Virasoro Algebras from Elliptic Quantum Algebras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avan, J.; Frappat, L.; Ragoucy, E.

    2017-09-01

    We revisit the construction of deformed Virasoro algebras from elliptic quantum algebras of vertex type, generalizing the bilinear trace procedure proposed in the 1990s. It allows us to make contact with the vertex operator techniques that were introduced separately at the same period. As a by-product, the method pinpoints two critical values of the central charge for which the center of the algebra is extended, as well as (in the gl(2) case) a Liouville formula.

  20. Normed BCI-algebras

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PENG Jia-yin

    2011-01-01

    The notions of norm and distance in BCI-algebras are introduced,and some basic properties in normed BCI-algebras are given.It is obtained that the isomorphic(homomorphic)image and inverse image of a normed BCI-algebra are still normed BCI-algebras.The relations of normaled properties between BCI-algebra and Cartesian product of BCIalgebras are investigated.The limit notion of sequence of points in normed BCI-algebras is introduced,and its related properties are investigated.

  1. Clifford Algebra with Mathematica

    CERN Document Server

    Aragon-Camarasa, G; Aragon, J L; Rodriguez-Andrade, M A

    2008-01-01

    The Clifford algebra of a n-dimensional Euclidean vector space provides a general language comprising vectors, complex numbers, quaternions, Grassman algebra, Pauli and Dirac matrices. In this work, a package for Clifford algebra calculations for the computer algebra program Mathematica is introduced through a presentation of the main ideas of Clifford algebras and illustrative examples. This package can be a useful computational tool since allows the manipulation of all these mathematical objects. It also includes the possibility of visualize elements of a Clifford algebra in the 3-dimensional space.

  2. Lukasiewicz-Moisil algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Boicescu, V; Georgescu, G; Rudeanu, S

    1991-01-01

    The Lukasiewicz-Moisil algebras were created by Moisil as an algebraic counterpart for the many-valued logics of Lukasiewicz. The theory of LM-algebras has developed to a considerable extent both as an algebraic theory of intrinsic interest and in view of its applications to logic and switching theory.This book gives an overview of the theory, comprising both classical results and recent contributions, including those of the authors. N-valued and &THgr;-valued algebras are presented, as well as &THgr;-algebras with negation.Mathematicians interested in lattice theory or symbolic logic, and computer scientists, will find in this monograph stimulating material for further research.

  3. Lie algebraic Noncommutative Gravity

    CERN Document Server

    Banerjee, R; Samanta, S; Banerjee, Rabin; Mukherjee, Pradip; Samanta, Saurav

    2007-01-01

    The minimal (unimodular) formulation of noncommutative general relativity, based on gauging the Poincare group, is extended to a general Lie algebra valued noncommutative structure. We exploit the Seiberg -- Witten map technique to formulate the theory as a perturbative Lagrangian theory. Detailed expressions of the Seiberg -- Witten maps for the gauge parameters, gauge potentials and the field strengths have been worked out. Our results demonstrate that notwithstanding the introduction of more general noncommutative structure there is no first order correction, exactly as happens for a canonical (i.e. constant) noncommutativity.

  4. M-theory FDA, Twisted Tori and Chevalley Cohomology

    CERN Document Server

    Fré, P

    2006-01-01

    The FDA algebras emerging from twisted tori compactifications of M-theory with fluxes are discussed within the general classification scheme provided by Sullivan's theorems and by Chevalley cohomology. It is shown that the generalized Maurer Cartan equations which have appeared in the literature, in spite of their complicated appearance and contrary to opposite claims, once suitably decoded within cohomology, lead to trivial FDA.s, all new p--form generators being contractible when the 4--form flux is cohomologically trivial. Non trivial D=4 FDA.s can emerge from non trivial fluxes but only if the cohomology class of the flux satisfies an additional algebraic condition which appears not to be satisfied in general and has to be studied for each algebra separately. As an illustration an exhaustive study of Chevalley cohomology for the simplest class of SS algebras is presented but a general formalism is developed, based on the structure of a double elliptic complex, which, besides providing the presented result...

  5. College Algebra Grades 11, 12, A Tentative Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ebersole, Benjamin P.; And Others

    This teaching guide outlines a college algebra course for use in the secondary school. Units studied are: mathematical induction, functions, groups and fields, linear algebra, and limits. Special emphasis is given to the study of functions and linear algebra. Sequence, textbook references and assignments, and time allotments are suggested. Some…

  6. Hom-alternative algebras and Hom-Jordan algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Makhlouf, Abdenacer

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to introduce Hom-alternative algebras and Hom-Jordan algebras. We discuss some of their properties and provide construction procedures using ordinary alternative algebras or Jordan algebras. Also, we show that a polarization of Hom-associative algebra leads to Hom-Jordan algebra.

  7. Derivatives and the Role of the Drinfel'd Twist in Noncommutative String Theory

    CERN Document Server

    Watts, P

    2000-01-01

    We consider the derivatives which appear in the context of noncommutative string theory. First, we identify the correct derivations to use when the underlying structure of the theory is a quasitriangular Hopf algebra. Then we show that this is a specific case of a more general structure utilising the Drinfel'd twist. We go on to present reasons as to why we feel that the low-energy effective action, when written in terms of the original commuting coordinates, should explicitly exhibit this twisting.

  8. Algebraic zip data

    CERN Document Server

    Pink, Richard; Ziegler, Paul

    2010-01-01

    An algebraic zip datum is a tuple $\\CZ := (G,P,Q,\\phi)$ consisting of a reductive group $G$ together with parabolic subgroups $P$ and $Q$ and an isogeny $\\phi\\colon P/R_uP\\to Q/R_uQ$. We study the action of the group $E := \\{(p,q)\\in P{\\times}Q | \\phi(\\pi_{P}(p)) =\\pi_Q(q)\\}$ on $G$ given by $((p,q),g)\\mapsto pgq^{-1}$. We define certain smooth $E$-invariant subvarieties of $G$, show that they define a stratification of $G$. We determine their dimensions and their closures and give a description of the stabilizers of the $E$-action on $G$. We also generalize all results to non-connected groups. We show that for special choices of $\\CZ$ the algebraic quotient stack $[E \\backslash G]$ is isomorphic to $[G \\backslash Z]$ or to $[G \\backslash Z']$, where $Z$ is a $G$-variety studied by Lusztig and He in the theory of character sheaves on spherical compactifications of $G$ and where $Z'$ has been defined by Moonen and the second author in their classification of $F$-zips. In these cases the $E$-invariant subvariet...

  9. Semantic Deviation in Oliver Twist

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康艺凡

    2016-01-01

    Dickens, with his adeptness with language, applies semantic deviation skillfully in his realistic novel Oliver Twist. However, most studies and comments home and abroad on it mainly focus on such aspects as humanity, society, and characters. Therefore, this thesis will take a stylistic approach to Oliver Twist from the perspective of semantic deviation, which is achieved by the use of irony, hyperbole, and pun and analyze how the application of the technique makes the novel attractive.

  10. Families talen en algebra

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Asveld, P.R.J.

    1976-01-01

    Operaties op formele talen geven aanleiding tot bijbehorende operatoren op families talen. Bepaalde onderwerpen uit de algebra (universele algebra, tralies, partieel geordende monoiden) kunnen behulpzaam zijn in de studie van verzamelingen van dergelijke operatoren.

  11. The algebraic combinatorics of snakes

    CERN Document Server

    Josuat-Vergès, Matthieu; Thibon, Jean-Yves

    2011-01-01

    Snakes are analogues of alternating permutations defined for any Coxeter group. We study these objects from the point of view of combinatorial Hopf algebras, such as noncommutative symmetric functions and their generalizations. The main purpose is to show that several properties of the generating functions of snakes, such as differential equations or closed form as trigonometric functions, can be lifted at the level of noncommutative symmetric functions or free quasi-symmetric functions. The results take the form of algebraic identities for type B noncommutative symmetric functions, noncommutative supersymmetric functions and colored free quasi-symmetric functions.

  12. Cylindric-like algebras and algebraic logic

    CERN Document Server

    Ferenczi, Miklós; Németi, István

    2013-01-01

    Algebraic logic is a subject in the interface between logic, algebra and geometry, it has strong connections with category theory and combinatorics. Tarski’s quest for finding structure in logic leads to cylindric-like algebras as studied in this book, they are among the main players in Tarskian algebraic logic. Cylindric algebra theory can be viewed in many ways:  as an algebraic form of definability theory, as a study of higher-dimensional relations, as an enrichment of Boolean Algebra theory, or, as logic in geometric form (“cylindric” in the name refers to geometric aspects). Cylindric-like algebras have a wide range of applications, in, e.g., natural language theory, data-base theory, stochastics, and even in relativity theory. The present volume, consisting of 18 survey papers, intends to give an overview of the main achievements and new research directions in the past 30 years, since the publication of the Henkin-Monk-Tarski monographs. It is dedicated to the memory of Leon Henkin.

  13. Categories and Commutative Algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Salmon, P

    2011-01-01

    L. Badescu: Sur certaines singularites des varietes algebriques.- D.A. Buchsbaum: Homological and commutative algebra.- S. Greco: Anelli Henseliani.- C. Lair: Morphismes et structures algebriques.- B.A. Mitchell: Introduction to category theory and homological algebra.- R. Rivet: Anneaux de series formelles et anneaux henseliens.- P. Salmon: Applicazioni della K-teoria all'algebra commutativa.- M. Tierney: Axiomatic sheaf theory: some constructions and applications.- C.B. Winters: An elementary lecture on algebraic spaces.

  14. A Practical Cryptanalysis of the Algebraic Eraser

    OpenAIRE

    Ben-Zvi, Adi; Blackburn, Simon R; Tsaban, Boaz

    2015-01-01

    Anshel, Anshel, Goldfeld and Lemieaux introduced the Colored Burau Key Agreement Protocol (CBKAP) as the concrete instantiation of their Algebraic Eraser scheme. This scheme, based on techniques from permutation groups, matrix groups and braid groups, is designed for lightweight environments such as RFID tags and other IoT applications. It is proposed as an underlying technology for ISO/IEC 29167-20. SecureRF, the company owning the trademark Algebraic Eraser, has presented the scheme to the ...

  15. Equivalence Relations of -Algebra Extensions

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Changguo Wei

    2010-04-01

    In this paper, we consider equivalence relations of *-algebra extensions and describe the relationship between the isomorphism equivalence and the unitary equivalence. We also show that a certain group homomorphism is the obstruction for these equivalence relations to be the same.

  16. Algebraic statistics computational commutative algebra in statistics

    CERN Document Server

    Pistone, Giovanni; Wynn, Henry P

    2000-01-01

    Written by pioneers in this exciting new field, Algebraic Statistics introduces the application of polynomial algebra to experimental design, discrete probability, and statistics. It begins with an introduction to Gröbner bases and a thorough description of their applications to experimental design. A special chapter covers the binary case with new application to coherent systems in reliability and two level factorial designs. The work paves the way, in the last two chapters, for the application of computer algebra to discrete probability and statistical modelling through the important concept of an algebraic statistical model.As the first book on the subject, Algebraic Statistics presents many opportunities for spin-off research and applications and should become a landmark work welcomed by both the statistical community and its relatives in mathematics and computer science.

  17. Connecting Arithmetic to Algebra

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darley, Joy W.; Leapard, Barbara B.

    2010-01-01

    Algebraic thinking is a top priority in mathematics classrooms today. Because elementary school teachers lay the groundwork to develop students' capacity to think algebraically, it is crucial for teachers to have a conceptual understanding of the connections between arithmetic and algebra and be confident in communicating these connections. Many…

  18. Arithmetic: Prerequisite to Algebra?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rotman, Jack W.

    Drawing from research and observations at Lansing Community College (Michigan) (LCC), this paper argues that typical arithmetic courses do little to prepare students to master algebra, and proposes an alternative set of arithmetic skills as actual prerequisites to algebra. The first section offers a description of the algebra sequence at LCC,…

  19. Algebra of timed frames

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bergstra, J.A.; Fokkink, W.J.; Middelburg, C.A.

    2008-01-01

    Timed frames are introduced as objects that can form a basis of a model theory for discrete time process algebra. An algebraic setting for timed frames is proposed and results concerning its connection with discrete time process algebra are given. The presented theory of timed frames captures the ba

  20. Foundations of algebraic geometry

    CERN Document Server

    Weil, A

    1946-01-01

    This classic is one of the cornerstones of modern algebraic geometry. At the same time, it is entirely self-contained, assuming no knowledge whatsoever of algebraic geometry, and no knowledge of modern algebra beyond the simplest facts about abstract fields and their extensions, and the bare rudiments of the theory of ideals.