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Sample records for twelfth grade diploma

  1. Omani Twelfth Grade Students' Most Common Misconceptions in Chemistry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Balushi, Sulaiman M.; Ambusaidi, Abdullah K.; Al-Shuaili, Ali H.; Taylor, Neil

    2012-01-01

    The current study, undertaken in the Sultanate of Oman, explored twelfth grade students' common misconceptions in seven chemistry conceptual areas. The sample included 786 twelfth grade students in Oman while the instrument was a two-tier test called Chemistry Misconceptions Diagnostic Test (CMDT), consisting of 25 items with 12 items…

  2. Grade 12 Diploma Examination. Mathematics 30. June 1988 = Examen en vue du Diplome Douzieme Annee. Mathematiques 30. Juin 1988.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    This twelfth grade diploma examination is written in both French and English. The test consists of 52 multiple-choice items and three written response questions. Two and one-half hours are provided for taking the test; approved calculators may be used. The test content covers a wide range of mathematical topics including: geometry; trigonometry;…

  3. Causal Factors Influencing Adversity Quotient of Twelfth Grade and Third-Year Vocational Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pangma, Rachapoom; Tayraukham, Sombat; Nuangchalerm, Prasart

    2009-01-01

    Problem statement: The aim of this research was to study the causal factors influencing students' adversity between twelfth grade and third-year vocational students in Sisaket province, Thailand. Six hundred and seventy two of twelfth grade and 376 third-year vocational students were selected by multi-stage random sampling techniques. Approach:…

  4. NAEP Fourth-, Eighth-, and Twelfth-Grade Reading Scores by Gender: 2005, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klecker, Beverly M.

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes a secondary analysis of the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reading scores by gender. Data were national public 4th- and 8th-grade reading scores from composite and subscales for 2005, 2007, 2009, 2011, and 2013. Twelfth-grade scores for composite and literary experience from 2005, 2009, and 2013 and gain…

  5. Twelfth grade follow-up of the effectiveness of a middle school-based substance abuse prevention program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shope, J T; Copeland, L A; Kamp, M E; Lang, S W

    1998-01-01

    A twelfth-grade follow-up afforded the opportunity to assess the long-term effects of substance abuse prevention delivered in sixth and seventh grades. A social pressures resistance skills curriculum implemented by classroom teachers had been evaluated with short-term positive results previously reported. Students completed self-administered questionnaires at sixth grade pre- and posttests, and at seventh and twelfth-grade posttests. Curriculum group students received lessons on alcohol, tobacco (cigarettes and smokeless), marijuana, and cocaine, which were later incorporated into the Michigan Model for Comprehensive School Health Education. This evaluation used data from 262 students who completed all four questionnaires and who received the complete two-year intervention or no intervention. Repeated measures analyses of variance demonstrated that significant effects evident at seventh grade for alcohol use and misuse, as well as cigarette, cocaine, and other drug use were generally not maintained through twelfth grade. Ongoing reinforcement of effective prevention is recommended.

  6. Physics 30: Grade 12 Diploma Examination = Physique 30: Examen en vue du diplome 12 annee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Student Evaluation Branch.

    This document, in both English and French versions, is the Physics 30 Grade 12 Diploma Examination from Alberta Education. It is a 2.5 hour closed-book examination consisting of 37 multiple-choice and 12 numerical-response questions of equal value that are worth 70% of the examination, and 2 written-response questions of equal value worth 30% of…

  7. Mathematics 30: Grade 12 Diploma Examination = Mathematiques 30: Examen en vue du diplome 12 annee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Student Evaluation Branch.

    This document, in both English and French versions, is the Mathematics 30 Grade 12 Diploma Examination from Alberta Education. It is a 2.5 hour closed-book examination consisting of 40 multiple-choice and 9 numerical-response questions of equal value that are worth 70% of the examination, and 3 written-response questions of equal value worth 30%…

  8. Mathematics 33: Grade 12 Diploma Examination = Mathematiques 33: Examen en vue du diplome 12 annee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Student Evaluation Branch.

    This document, in both English and French versions, is the Mathematics 33 Grade 12 Diploma Examination from Alberta Education. It is a 2.5 hour closed-book examination consisting of 37 multiple-choice and 12 numerical-response questions of equal value that are worth 70% of the examination, and 4 written-response questions of equal value worth 30%…

  9. Chemistry 30: Grade 12 Diploma Examination = Chimie 30: Examen en vue du diplome 12 annee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Student Evaluation Branch.

    This document, in both French and English versions, is the Chemistry 30 Grade 12 Diploma Examination from Alberta Education. It is a 2.5 hour closed-book examination consisting of 44 multiple-choice and 12 numerical-response questions of equal value that are worth 70% of the examination, and 2 written-response questions of equal value worth 30% of…

  10. Grade 12 Diploma Examination. Examen en vue du diplome douzieme annee. Complete Set, January 1990.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    The Alberta (Canada) Department of Education issues "Grade 12 Diploma Examinations" for various disciplines every six months (dated January and June of each year). Except for the English and Francais examinations (which are issued only in their own language), the examinations are issued in an English edition and a French edition. The eight…

  11. Grade 12 Diploma Examination, English 33. Part A: Written Response. June 1988 Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    Intended for students taking the English 33 Grade 12 Diploma Examinations in Alberta, Canada, this test booklet contains the composition component of the June 1988 tests. During 2.5 hours, students are required to perform the following writing tasks: (1) a personal response to an excerpt from Ursula K. Le Guin's "Very Far Away from Anywhere…

  12. Exploring the Effect of Reader Response Plus on Twelfth Grade Students with Disabilities' Reading Comprehension and Attitudes toward Reading

    Science.gov (United States)

    Granger, Noelle; Black, Alison; Miller, Jane

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to examine how reader response journals followed by classroom discussion ("Reader Response Plus") contributed to students' reading comprehension and to their attitudes toward reading. The study was conducted in a rural school in upstate New York. The twelfth grade class that participated in the study…

  13. Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Physics 30. June 1986. = Examen en vue du Diplome Douzieme Annee: Physique 30. Juin 1986.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    Physics 30 is a twelfth-grade physics course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is a final test for the course. Both English and French versions of the test are provided. Intended for administration during June 1986, it contains 56 multiple-choice questions and four written-response problems. Two-and-one-half hours are allowed for…

  14. Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Physics 30. January 1987 = Examen en vue du Diplome Douzieme Annee: Physique 30. Janvier 1987.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    Physics 30 is a twelfth-grade physics course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is the major examination for the course. Both English and French versions of the test are provided. Intended for administration during January, 1987, it contains 56 multiple-choice questions and three written-response questions. Two-and-one-half hours are…

  15. Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Mathematics 30. June 1986. = Examen en vue du Diplome Douzieme Annee: Mathematiques 30. Juin 1986.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    This is the final test for students in the twelfth-grade course Mathematics 30, offered in schools in Alberta, Canada. Intended for administration in June 1986, it is available in both English and French. It contains 52 multiple-choice questions and five written-response problems, with two-and-one-half hours allowed for completion. Approved…

  16. Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Mathematics 30. January 1988 = Examen en vue du Diplome Douzieme Annee: Mathematiques 30. Janvier 1988.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    This is the final test for students in the twelfth grade course Mathematics 30, offered in schools in Alberta, Canada. Intended for administration in 1988, it is available in both English and French. It contains 52 multiple-choice questions and 3 written-response problems, with 2.5 hours allowed for completion. Approved calculators may be used.…

  17. Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Mathematics 30. January 1987 = Examen en vue du Diplome Douzieme Annee: Mathematiques 30. Janvier 1987.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    This is the final test for students in the twelfth-grade course Mathematics 30, offered in schools in Alberta, Canada. Intended for administration in January 1987, it is available in both English and French. It contains 52 multiple-choice questions and 3 written-response problems, with 2.5 hours allowed for completion. Approved calculators may be…

  18. Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Chemistry 30. June 1986. = Examen en vue du Diplome Douzieme Annee: Chimie 30. Juin 1986.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    Chemistry 30 is a twelfth-grade chemistry course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is a final test for the course. Both English and French versions of the test are provided. Intended for administration during June 1986, it contains 56 multiple-choice questions and three written-response problems. Two-and-one-half hours are allowed for…

  19. Academic Adjustment of Gifted and Non-Gifted Ninth-, Tenth-, Eleventh-, and Twelfth-Grade Students Placed in Accelerated Mathematics Courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Speer, Emily M.

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated the academic adjustment of gifted and non-gifted ninth-, tenth-, eleventh-, and twelfth-grade students placed in accelerated mathematics courses. Using Van Eman's research, the investigation of the social and emotional effects of mathematics acceleration through academic adjustment included the following positive indicators…

  20. Impact of writing about mathematics in a humanistic context on mathematical self-concept: A twelfth-grade pilot study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kadijević Đorđe M.

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available As one’s learning results from a complex interplay among his/her cognitive metacognitive and affective domains, the last of which determines the global context where cognition takes place monitored and controlled by metacognition, the learning outcomes may primarily be interpreted in affective terms. Having in mind a strong positive relation between mathematical self and mathematical achievement as well as that a humanistic approach to mathematics teaching/learning would promote higher mathematical self, this study examined whether writing about mathematics in a humanistic context influences mathematical self. This question was answered by comparing mathematical self of twelfth-grade gymnasium (high-school students who wrote their matura works on mathematical themes (N = 10 with that of their classmates who did that in other subjects (N = 72. A higher mathematical self was found for these ten students, which may be commented with "those who chose to write matura works in mathematics were simply those with higher mathematical self and the writing contributed nothing to the outcome". The values of other control variables measured in grades 9-12 evidence that it is more likely that this finding was influenced by the treatment.

  1. Mathematics & Sciences. Grade 12 Diploma Examinations Program. 1987-88 School Year=Mathematiques & Sciences. Programme des examens--Diplome de 12e annee. Annee scolaire 1987-88.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Student Evaluation and Data Processing Branch.

    Information is presented about the grade 12 diploma examinations for Mathematics 30, Biology 30, Chemistry 30, and Physics 30 to be administered in 1988. Included are both the French and English language versions of the document. Topics explained include: (1) general format of the examinations (stating the content, emphasis, and time allotments);…

  2. Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Physics 30. January 1988 = Examen en vue du diplome douzieme annee: Physique 30. Janvier 1988.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    Physics 30 is a 12th-grade science course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is the major examination for the course. Both English and French versions are provided. Intended for administration during January 1988, it contains 56 multiple-choice questions and three written-response questions. Two-and-one-half hours are allowed for…

  3. Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Physics 30. June 1988 = Examen en vue du Diplome Douzieme Annee: Physique 30. Juin 1988.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    Physics 30 is a 12th-grade physics course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is the major examination for the course. Both English and French versions are provided. Intended for administration during June, 1988, it contains 56 multiple-choice questions and three written-response questions. Two-and-one-half hours are allowed for…

  4. Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Physics 30. January 1989 = Examen en vue du diplome douzieme annee: Physique 30. Janvier 1989.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    Physics 30 is a 12th-grade science course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is the final test for the course. Intended for administration during January 1989, it contains 49 multiple-choice questions and four written-response questions. Two-and-one-half hours are allowed for completing the test. No answer key is included since scoring…

  5. Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Physics 30. June 1989 = Examen en vue du diplome douzieme annee: Physique 30. Juin 1989.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    Physics 30 is a 12th-grade science course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is the final test for the course. Intended for administration during June 1989, it contains 49 multiple-choice questions and 4 written-response questions. Two-and-one-half hours are allowed for completing the test. No answer key is included since scoring is…

  6. Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Mathematics 30. January 1989 = Examen en vue du diplome douzieme annee: Mathematiques 30. Janvier 1989.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    Mathematics 30 is a 12th-grade mathematics course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is the final test for the course. Intended for administration during January 1989, it contains 45 multiple-choice questions, seven open-ended scannable questions, and three written-response questions. Two and one-half hours are allowed for completing…

  7. Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Mathematics 30. June 1989 = Examen en vue du diplome douzieme annee: Mathematiques 30. Juin 1989.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    Mathematics 30 is a 12th-grade mathematics course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is the final test for the course. Intended for administration during June 1989, it contains 45 multiple-choice questions, 7 open-ended machine scorable questions, and 3 written-response questions. Two-and-one-half hours are allowed for completing the…

  8. Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Chemistry 30. January 1988 = Examen en vue du diplome douzieme annee: Chimie 30. Janvier 1988.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    Chemistry 30 is a 12th-grade science course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is the final test for the course. Intended for administration during January 1988, it contains 56 multiple-choice questions and three written-response questions. Two-and-one-half hours are allowed for completing the test. No answer key is included since…

  9. Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Chemistry 30. June 1989 = Examen en vue du diplome douzieme annee: Chimie 30. Juin 1989.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    Chemistry 30 is a 12th-grade science course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is the final test for the course. Intended for administration during June 1989, it contains 56 multiple-choice questions and 3 written-response questions. Two-and-one-half hours are allowed for completing the test. No answer key is included since scoring is…

  10. Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Chemistry 30. January 1989 = Examen en vue du diplome douzieme annee: Chimie 30. Janvier 1989.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    Chemistry 30 is a 12th-grade science course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is the final test for the course. Intended for administration during January 1989, it contains 56 multiple-choice questions and three written-response questions. Two and one-half hours are allowed for completing the test. No answer key is included since…

  11. Grade 12 Diploma Examination: Chemistry 30. June 1988 = Examen en vue du Diplome Douzieme Annee: Chimie 30. Juin 1988.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

    Chemistry 30 is a 12th-grade chemistry course for students in Alberta, Canada. This document is the final test for the course. Intended for administration during June, 1988, it contains 56 multiple-choice questions and three written-response questions. Two-and-one-half hours are allowed for completing the test. No answer key is included since…

  12. Programme des examens-Diplome de 12e annee. Mathematiques & Sciences. Annee scolaire 1986-87 (Grade 12 Diploma Examination. Mathematics & Sciences. Academic Year 1986-87).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Student Evaluation and Data Processing Branch.

    Information about the diploma examinations in Mathematics 30, Biology 30, Chemistry 30, and Physics 30 that will be administered during January, June, and August, 1987, is provided in this bulletin. Topics explained include: (1) general format of the examination (stating the content, emphasis, and time allotments for the examinations); (2)…

  13. The Effect of the Involvement within Career Academies by Elective Participation of Eleventh and Twelfth Grade High School Students during the Implementation Year

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnston, Nancy A.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of elective participation in one of three implementation year Career Academies, Education, Entrepreneurship, or Finance, on upper-class high school academic grades, Grade Point Average, and school academy participation measures. Significance of the junior and senior year of high school, the…

  14. An Investigation of the Perceptions of Students' Proficiency in Reading and Writing as Indicated by Twelfth Grade English Teachers and College English Composition Instructors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charbonnet, Lara King

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the differences in perceptions regarding students' proficiency in reading and writing skills between 12th grade English teachers and college English Composition instructors. A purposive, nonrandom sample of 12th grade English teachers and college English Composition instructors from West Tennessee were…

  15. The Diploma in Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawlor, Hugh

    2010-01-01

    At the heart of the vision for the Diploma in Science is a multidisciplinary approach to learning by tackling scientific challenges and questions in applied work-related contexts. This, together with the innovative delivery model offered by a consortia approach, will bridge a significant gap in the provision of science and mathematics education.…

  16. A Diploma Worth Having

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiggins, Grant

    2011-01-01

    High school is boring, writes the author, in part because lock-step diploma requirements crowd out personalized and engaged learning. It is also boring because current content standards are based on traditional, subject-area notions of curriculum instead of on the essential question, What do students need to be well prepared for their adult lives?…

  17. Rethinking the High School Diploma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finn, Chester E., Jr.; Kahlenberg, Richard D.; Kress, Sandy

    2015-01-01

    As states move to implement the Common Core State Standards, key challenges remain. One is how to make sure a high school diploma acknowledges what students have achieved. Should states adopt a two tiered diploma, in which students who pass internationally aligned Common Core exams at a career- and college-ready level receive an…

  18. Debt-for-Diploma System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Draut, Tamara

    2009-01-01

    Over the past several decades, college tuition has nearly tripled, adjusting for inflation, and federal student aid has shifted from a predominantly grant-based system to one dominated by loan aid. These two factors have conspired to create a debt-for-diploma system, affecting young adults' choices about college, including where they enroll and…

  19. Twelfth degree spline with application to quadrature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohammed, P O; Hamasalh, F K

    2016-01-01

    In this paper existence and uniqueness of twelfth degree spline is proved with application to quadrature. This formula is in the class of splines of degree 12 and continuity order [Formula: see text] that matches the derivatives up to order 6 at the knots of a uniform partition. Some mistakes in the literature are pointed out and corrected. Numerical examples are given to illustrate the applicability and efficiency of the new method.

  20. Bulletin 2 PDA : diploma project

    CERN Document Server

    Stankowski, D; Wagen, J F; Pettenati, Corrado; Le Meur, Jean-Yves; Faggian, R; Vanoirbeek, C

    2002-01-01

    The aim of the project "Bulletin 2 PDA" is to develop an information system, which provides the CERN eBulletin on mobile devices. The main goal is to connect different database outputs, to convert this data into personalized content and then to output it in an appropriate format depending on the connected device. The following paper describes the establishment of the diploma work which is in the context of collaboration with the University of Applied Sciences of Fribourg and the European Organization of Nuclear Research Geneva.

  1. Twelfth workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering: Proceedings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ramey, H.J. Jr.; Kruger, P.; Miller, F.G.; Horne, R.N.; Brigham, W.E.; Rivera, J. (Stanford Geothermal Program)

    1987-01-22

    Preface The Twelfth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering was held at Stanford University on January 20-22, 1987. The year ending December 1986 was very difficult for the domestic geothermal industry. Low oil prices caused a sharp drop in geothermal steam prices. We expected to see some effect upon attendance at the Twelfth Workshop. To our surprise, the attendance was up by thirteen from previous years, with one hundred and fifty-seven registered participants. Eight foreign countries were represented: England, France, Iceland, Italy, Japan, Mexico, New Zealand, and Turkey. Despite a worldwide surplus of oil, international geothermal interest and development is growing at a remarkable pace. There were forty-one technical presentations at the Workshop. All of these are published as papers in this Proceedings volume. Seven technical papers not presented at the Workshop are also published; they concern geothermal developments and research in Iceland, Italy, and New Zealand. In addition to these forty-eight technical presentations or papers, the introductory address was given by Henry J. Ramey, Jr. from the Stanford Geothermal Program. The Workshop Banquet speaker was John R. Berg from the Department of Energy. We thank him for sharing with the Workshop participants his thoughts on the expectations of this agency in the role of alternative energy resources, specifically geothermal, within the country???s energy framework. His talk is represented as a paper in the back of this volume. The chairmen of the technical sessions made an important contribution to the workshop. Other than Stanford faculty members they included: M. Gulati, K. Goyal, G.S. Bodvarsson, A.S. Batchelor, H. Dykstra, M.J. Reed, A. Truesdell, J.S. Gudmundsson, and J.R. Counsil. The Workshop was organized by the Stanford Geothermal Program faculty, staff, and students. We would like to thank Jean Cook, Marilyn King, Amy Osugi, Terri Ramey, and Rosalee Benelli for their valued help with the meeting

  2. Twelfth Thermal and Fluids Analysis Workshop

    Science.gov (United States)

    Majumdar, Alok (Compiler)

    2002-01-01

    The Twelfth Thermal and Fluids Analysis Workshop (TFAWS 01) was held at the Bevill Center, The University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, Alabama, September 10-14, 2001. The theme for the hands-on training workshop and conference was "Engineering Excellence and Advances in the New Millenium." Forty-five technical papers were presented in four sessions: (1) Thermal Spacecraft/Payloads, (2) Thermal Propulsion/Vehicles, (3) Interdisciplinary Papers, and (4) Fluids Papers. Thirty-nine papers were published in these proceedings. The remaining six papers were not available in electronic format at the time of publication. In addition to the technical papers, there were (a) nine hands-on classes on thermal and flow analyses software, (b) thirteen short courses and product overview lectures, (c) five keynote lectures and, (d) panel discussions consisting of eight presentations. The workshop resulted in participation of 195 persons representing NASA Centers, Government agencies, aerospace industries, academia, software providers, and private corporations.

  3. misconceptions of twelfth grade students on selected chemistry ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Preferred Customer

    diagnostic tests in measuring students' misconceptions and performance in terms of ... to be mostly attributed to the type of the diagnostic methods employed in each study .... proportions of students' scores and misconceptions were computed in terms of each tier ... and in which homonuclear bond don't exist, its valence and.

  4. “Textile Industry Twelfth Five Year Development Plan” issued

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Recently, the "Textile Industry Twelfth Five Year Development Plan" (hereinafter "Plan") has been issued by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, has been published to the public. The Plan highlights the restructuring, innovation, brand building

  5. Application of Higher Diploma Program training skills

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    RPO

    This article examines the application Higher Diploma training skills in classroom instruction as well ... overall education system of Ethiopia and teacher's ... this, instructors plan their lesson based on ... actual setting and this revealed the real .... assessment and time management in their ...... collaboration) and develop deep.

  6. Implementation Challenges of the New Geography Diploma ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Implementation Challenges of the New Geography Diploma Syllabus in Tanzania: A Case Study of Korogwe and ... Huria: Journal of the Open University of Tanzania. Journal Home · ABOUT · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives ... The study used Korogwe and Dakawa Teachers' Training Colleges as a case.

  7. Purchases of Degrees from Diploma Mills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cramer, Robert J.

    In response to a request from the Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations of the Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs, the General Accounting Office (GAO) investigated issues concerning the proliferation of "diploma mills," which sell bogus academic degrees based on "life experience" or substandard or negligible work.…

  8. Reducing Test Anxiety among 12th Grade Students: Iraqi Kurdistan Region/Soran City as an Example

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faqe, Chiayee Khorshid; Moheddin, Kurdistan Rafiq; Kakamad, Karwan Kakabra

    2016-01-01

    This study aims at reducing test anxiety among twelfth grade students at Soran city high schools. Throughout the study both quantitative and qualitative methods used to collect data. The participants were 450 twelfth grade students in five schools at Soran City-Kurdistan region of Iraq. Non-random purposive sampling because the students needed…

  9. Diploma in Hospital Infection Control (Dip HIC)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emmerson, A M; Spencer, R C; Cookson, B D; Roberts, C; Drasar, B S

    1997-11-01

    The London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM) has established a Diploma in Hospital Infection Control (Dip-HIC). The course for this new Diploma is run under the auspices of the Hospital Infection Society (HIS) and the Public Health Laboratory Service (PHLS) and will commence in October 1997. The aim of this course is to provide infection control staff with systematic training in the sciences relevant to hospital infection control which will allow them to provide, and to take responsibility for, a broad-based infection control service. Topics will include the epidemiology of infectious diseases, clinical microbiology, health care economics, statistics, surveillance methods and patient management. The course will be multi-disciplinary and open to UK and overseas students, both medical and non-medical.

  10. Diploma Dilemma: Rising Standards, the Regents Diploma, and Schools that Beat the Odds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campaign for Fiscal Equity, Inc., 2010

    2010-01-01

    The ominous prediction is that New York City eighth-graders in the 2010 cohort will enter high school only slightly better prepared than the 2004 cohort to meet the Regents-diploma requirements. Their challenge will likely be compounded by higher Regents examination standards. Without widespread implementation of effective strategies to assist…

  11. Career Planning without a Regular Diploma: A Study of High School Students Who Received "Special" Diplomas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Price-Wright, Demetress LaGale

    2013-01-01

    There is a growing demand by our society and legislature to educate all students equitably in an inclusive general education setting. Societal trends vary as time progresses, but this does not eliminate the growing debate regarding diploma options, exit requirements and future career planning for high school graduates. What does a future look like…

  12. Proposed Newcastle Diploma in Vocational Education and Industrial Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanley, Brian

    1970-01-01

    For several years, Newcastle upon Tyne Institute of Education has provided a course toward a Diploma in Advanced Educational Studies (Further Education) and now proposes a full-time, year-long course for persons with training experience toward a Diploma in Vocational Education and Industrial Training. So far the necessary students to support the…

  13. Diplomas at the University of Papua New Guinea

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Neill, A.

    1975-01-01

    The development of sub-graduate diploma courses (programs conferring special expertise for advancement in a career) at the University of Papua New Guinea are described as an innovation distinguishing the University by comparison with its Australian antecedents. Several diplomas are offered in education, commerce, police studies, and journalism.…

  14. The Diploma Qualification in England: An Avoidable Failure?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isaacs, Tina

    2013-01-01

    In 2005, the UK government introduced new vocationally related diploma qualifications. Two-year programs were examined in the summers of 2010 and 2011; initial government hopes for candidate numbers proved largely ephemeral and results were disappointing. This article explores what happened to the diploma's lofty ambitions using the summer of 2010…

  15. Diplomas Count 2013: Second Chances--Turning Dropouts into Graduates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Education Week, 2013

    2013-01-01

    The 2013 edition of "Diplomas Count," entitled "Second Chances: Turning Dropouts into Graduates," examines dropout recovery and innovative strategies for returning to the educational fold the 1 million students who leave school without a diploma each year. "Education Week's" journalists investigate interventions that…

  16. Development of an Information System for Diploma Works Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Georgieva-Trifonova, Tsvetanka

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, a client/server information system for the management of data and its extraction from a database containing information for diploma works of students is proposed. The developed system provides users the possibility of accessing information about different characteristics of the diploma works, according to their specific interests.…

  17. Twelfth night of 1917 and the Moscow art theatre Twelfth night of 1917 and the Moscow art theatre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arkady Ostrovsky

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available On 15 September, 1917, in a letter to Nemirovich-Danchenko, Stanislavsky renounced the stage of the Moscow Art Theatre: I cannot think about any other roles, because I will never be able to do anything, at least in the Moscow Art Theatre. Maybe in some other area or some other place I will be able to rise. Of course I do not mean in other theatres, but in the studios. Othello — free!...1 After the tragedy Stanislavsky had endured with Selo Stepanchikovo, he threw himself into Studio work. He started rehearsing Twelfth Night, a play he had put on at the Society of Art and Literature in 1897. The Studio production of Twelfth Night was played on 25 December 1917, two months to the day after the Revolution. A few months later, Nikolai Efros published a book about the First Studio. It was dedicated to The Cricket on the Hearth but the words Efros used to describe the atmosphere in which Dickens’s production had opened were equally suitable for Twelfth Night: ‘You remember what sort of days those were? On 15 September, 1917, in a letter to Nemirovich-Danchenko, Stanislavsky renounced the stage of the Moscow Art Theatre: I cannot think about any other roles, because I will never be able to do anything, at least in the Moscow Art Theatre. Maybe in some other area or some other place I will be able to rise. Of course I do not mean in other theatres, but in the studios. Othello — free!...1 After the tragedy Stanislavsky had endured with Selo Stepanchikovo, he threw himself into Studio work. He started rehearsing Twelfth Night, a play he had put on at the Society of Art and Literature in 1897. The Studio production of Twelfth Night was played on 25 December 1917, two months to the day after the Revolution. A few months later, Nikolai Efros published a book about the First Studio. It was dedicated to The Cricket on the Hearth but the words Efros used to describe the atmosphere in which Dickens’s production had opened

  18. No High School Diploma? You've Got Options! = No tienes un diploma de la escuela preparatoria? Tienes opciones!

    Science.gov (United States)

    EdSource, 2006

    2006-01-01

    If a student completes high school but is unable to graduate, there are still options. The student can still get a high school diploma whether he or she dropped out, failed the California High School Exit Exam, or did not have enough course credits. As many know, a high school diploma is a passport to a more interesting and better paying job.…

  19. On Strategies for Transforming Institutes of Adult Diploma Education--- Taking Diploma Education Center of Dalian Education University as the Example%成人学历教育机构转型策略研究--以大连教育学院学历教育中心为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张学斌; 陈振国

    2016-01-01

    It is urgent to study the function and orientation of the institutes of adult diploma education from the view of lifelong education.During the period of "The Twelfth Five-Year Plan",diploma educa-tion center of Dalian Education University has focused on educational notions,program forms,talent culti-vation,team building and service management to explore transformation,achieving sustainable develop-ment of adult diploma education.%站在终身教育的立场,研究成人学历教育机构的功能与定位是当务之急。“十二五”期间,大连教育学院学历教育中心审时度势,重点在办学理念、办学形式、人才培养、队伍建设、管理服务五方面着手,开展转型探索与实践,实现了成人学历教育机构可持续发展。

  20. The Competency Crisis and the High School Diploma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spady, William G.

    1978-01-01

    The high school diploma is attacked as providing inadequate evidence of student development, socialization, and achievement. Discussed are major potential consequences of the movement towards "competency-based education" affecting college admissions, curricula, graduation requirements, and student learning. (AF)

  1. Twelfth annual US DOE low-level waste management conference

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1990-01-01

    The papers in this document comprise the proceedings of the Department of Energy's Twelfth Annual Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Conference, which was held in Chicago, Illinois, on August 28 and 29, 1990. General subjects addressed during the conference included: mixed waste, low-level radioactive waste tracking and transportation, public involvement, performance assessment, waste stabilization, financial assurance, waste minimization, licensing and environmental documentation, below-regulatory-concern waste, low-level radioactive waste temporary storage, current challenges, and challenges beyond 1990.

  2. Twelfth cranial nerve involvement in Guillian Barre syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Subrat Kumar Nanda

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Guillian Barre Syndrome (GBS is associated with cranial nerve involvement. Commonest cranial nerves involved were the facial and bulbar (IXth and Xth. Involvement of twelfth cranial nerve is rare in GBS. We present a case of GBS in a thirteen years old boy who developed severe tongue weakness and wasting at two weeks after the onset of GBS. The wasting and weakness of tongue improved at three months of follow up. Brief review of the literature about XIIth cranial nerve involvement in GBS is discussed.

  3. 78 FR 8684 - Twelfth Meeting: RTCA Special Committee 222, Inmarsat AMS(R)S

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-06

    ... Federal Aviation Administration Twelfth Meeting: RTCA Special Committee 222, Inmarsat AMS(R)S AGENCY... RTCA Special Committee 222, Inmarsat AMS(R)S. SUMMARY: The FAA is issuing this notice to advise the public of the twelfth meeting of the RTCA Special Committee 222, Inmarsat AMS(R)S. DATES: The...

  4. Twelfth nerve paresis induced by an unusual posterior fossa arachnoid cyst: case report and literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarantino, Roberto; Marruzzo, Daniele; Colistra, Davide; Mancarella, Cristina; Delfini, Roberto

    2014-08-01

    There are only three cases of arachnoid cysts inducing twelfth nerve paresis described in English medical literature. We herein report one more instance. Six weeks after surgery, the patient has almost fully recovered. This case underlines the importance of considering the arachnoid cyst as a possible cause of twelfth nerve paresis.

  5. Le mythe comme détour dans Twelfth Night The Myth as a Diversion in Twelfth Night

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cécile Mauré

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Being only rarely mentioned in the text, the myth might seem an anecdotal and trivial detail. The study of the myth of Echo and Narcissus in Twelfth Night shows us however that it is a decisive element in the reading and the understanding of the play. The references are numerous and often implicit. The characters themselves alternately play the roles of Echo and Narcissus. The play is structured as if it were a mirror in which the characters endlessly duplicate each other and echo their own words. Shakespeare plays with the different versions of the myth that he often blends with subtlety. For the sake of comedy, he dares to parody and demythologize Ovid’s story. The myth seems to divert our attention from the direction of the text but closer analysis suggests the reverse and invites us to find the meaning of the play which can be seen as a real labyrinth.

  6. High School 21+: A Competency-Based Diploma for Adults. Washington's Community and Technical Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Washington State Board for Community and Technical Colleges, 2013

    2013-01-01

    Adults who lack a high school diploma now have a new way to get a second chance. It's called "High School 21+," a competency-based high school diploma offered at Washington's community and technical colleges. Adults 21 years old and older can go to participating colleges to earn a high school diploma. An advisor will look at transcripts…

  7. 16 CFR 254.6 - Deceptive use of diplomas, degrees, or certificates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Deceptive use of diplomas, degrees, or... GUIDES FOR PRIVATE VOCATIONAL AND DISTANCE EDUCATION SCHOOLS § 254.6 Deceptive use of diplomas, degrees, or certificates. (a) It is deceptive for an industry member to issue a degree, diploma,...

  8. Human Rights Education and the International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme

    Science.gov (United States)

    Froman, Nica

    2015-01-01

    In 2003, the International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme (IBDP)--a program implemented in thousands of schools globally--introduced a human rights course (Makivirta, 2003). This curriculum is the first of its kind to hold potential widespread influence on human rights education in the formal education sector. In this study, I analyze the…

  9. States Must Beef Up Diploma Demands, Study Maintains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, Lynn

    2004-01-01

    States should toughen their high school graduation requirements and test to reflect the English and math skills that students actually need to succeeds in college. To identify what those skills are, the American Diploma Project analyzed employment data and conducted research with more than 300 higher education official, front-line manager, and…

  10. MN State Profile. Minnesota: Graduation Required Assessments for Diploma (GRAD)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Center on Education Policy, 2010

    2010-01-01

    This paper provides information about Minnesota's Graduation Required Assessments for Diploma (GRAD), comprehensive proficiency assessments of the skills and knowledge in mathematics, reading, and writing that are necessary for graduation. The Minnesota Comprehensive Assessments, Series II, into which the GRAD tests are embedded, measure…

  11. Online Diploma Mills: Implications for Legitimate Distance Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pina, Anthony A.

    2010-01-01

    A diploma mill is commonly recognized as an entity that will award a degree for substandard academic work. However, there is no universal agreement among different higher education institutions as to what constitutes minimum standard academic work or minimum knowledge and skills required of graduates. The author states that many of the negative…

  12. Practicalities Not Prejudices: HE Admissions and 14-19 Diplomas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jarvis, Christine

    2010-01-01

    This research explored progression to higher education (HE) courses from 14-19 diplomas in the West Yorkshire region of the UK. Sixteen HE tutors involved in admitting undergraduates across a range of institutions and subjects were interviewed. There was little evidence to support the fear that the courses would have less status than A levels…

  13. Crunch Time for the Diplomas: Will They Survive?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Mike

    2009-01-01

    This article looks at the introduction of the diplomas as part of the 14-19 reforms in England. It questions whether they can survive the low initial take-up from students, the lack of interest from key parts of the schools sector, and the confusing messages about what sort of qualification they are meant to be. It also asks whether the diplomas…

  14. The Real and the Fake Degree and Diploma Mills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Contreras, Alan; Gollin, George

    2009-01-01

    The recent release of a list of over 9,000 people who bought degrees from St. Regis "University" has helped bring into focus a problem that legitimate institutions like to ignore: An enormous number of people who could be getting real college credentials are buying degree- and diploma-mill ones instead. This causes damage that goes beyond the…

  15. Employer Engagement within 14-19 Diploma Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laczik, Andrea; White, Caroline

    2009-01-01

    In 2005, the UK government announced the development of a suite of employer-designed diplomas for 14-19 year olds linked to different industrial and commercial sectors. This article will reflect on some of the achievements and challenges of this major employer engagement initiative by drawing on three pieces of research: a review of Diploma…

  16. TAFE Diploma Graduates: Personal Capital Investments and Returns

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Linde, Chris

    2008-01-01

    TAFE currently uses the NCVER Student Outcomes Survey (SOS) to determine outcomes related to TAFE diploma programs. The SOS measures TAFE outcomes in terms of three major categories: skills development, employment and further study. This study introduces the notion of personal capital as distinct from human capital. It argues that, while valuable,…

  17. Diploma Disease in Ghanaian Distance Education Upgrading Programmes for Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mereku, Damian Kofi

    2014-01-01

    This research explores manifestations of "diploma disease" in distance education (DE) upgrading programmes for basic school teachers in Ghana. A survey design which included document analysis was used to explore the emphasis in the contents of the DE programme and the experiences of teachers who took the programmes. The study involved a…

  18. Twelfth International Symposium on Recent Advances in Environmental Health Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tchounwou, Paul B

    2016-05-04

    During the past century, environmental hazards have become a major concern, not only to public health professionals, but also to the society at large because of their tremendous health, socio-cultural and economic impacts. Various anthropogenic or natural factors have been implicated in the alteration of ecosystem integrity, as well as in the development of a wide variety of acute and/or chronic diseases in humans. It has also been demonstrated that many environmental agents, acting either independently or in combination with other toxins, may induce a wide range of adverse health outcomes. Understanding the role played by the environment in the etiology of human diseases is critical to designing cost-effective control/prevention measures. This special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health includes the proceedings of the Twelfth International Symposium on Recent Advances in Environmental Health Research. The Symposium provided an excellent opportunity to discuss the scientific advances in biomedical, environmental, and public health research that addresses global environmental health issues.

  19. Sex and Grade Level Differences in Marijuana Use among Youth

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Keith A.; Vidourek, Rebecca A.; Hoffman, Ashlee R.

    2012-01-01

    A total of 54,361 students in seventh through twelfth grades completed a survey examining the impact of perceived harm of marijuana use, ease of access in obtaining marijuana, and perceived parent/peer disapproval of marijuana use on youth involvement in annual and recent marijuana use. Results indicated that 1 in 6 (16%) students used marijuana…

  20. Sex and Grade Level Differences in Marijuana Use among Youth

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Keith A.; Vidourek, Rebecca A.; Hoffman, Ashlee R.

    2012-01-01

    A total of 54,361 students in seventh through twelfth grades completed a survey examining the impact of perceived harm of marijuana use, ease of access in obtaining marijuana, and perceived parent/peer disapproval of marijuana use on youth involvement in annual and recent marijuana use. Results indicated that 1 in 6 (16%) students used marijuana…

  1. Development of an Information System for Diploma Works Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tsvetanka GEORGIEVA-TRIFONOVA

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, a client/server information system for the management of data and its extraction from a database containing information for diploma works of students is proposed. The developed system provides users the possibility of accessing information about different characteristics of the diploma works, according to their specific interests. The client/server architecture of the system is described as well as the services offered. The author presents the structure of the created database that stores the necessary information. A client application ADP (access data project is implemented, providing the possibility for insertion, updating and searching, as well as a client application is fulfilled with Java for discovering the constraint-based association rules.

  2. A return to diploma-prepared registered nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kikuchi, June F

    2009-01-01

    A quarter of a century ago, the nursing profession in Canada took a bold step: to establish baccalaureate preparation in nursing as the standard for practice as a registered nurse in Canada. Towards that end, hospital schools of nursing gave way to collaborative programs designed to help hospital and college diploma nursing students make the transition into baccalaureate nursing programs. It is thus paradoxical that, today, the nursing profession in Canada should do anything to jeopardize its goal to have RNs prepared at the baccalaureate level. The purpose of this paper is to focus Canadian nurse leaders' attention on that very possibility, given that some professional nursing organizations in Canada have conceptualized a future RN practice that could result in the emergence of a new kind of healthcare professional and a return to diploma preparation of RNs.

  3. A Comparison of the Success of Community College Graduates Who Entered College with a GED, a High School Diploma, or an Alternative Diploma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miles, April Danielle

    2014-01-01

    In this study, the researcher compared the success of community college graduates who entered college with a GED, a high school diploma, or an alternative diploma. The researcher used a quantitative analysis method with the existing data of students for three years within a single community college system to answer research questions to determine…

  4. Mathematics at matriculation level as an indicator of success or failure in the 1st year of the Veterinary Nursing Diploma at the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria

    OpenAIRE

    Botha, A. E.; C.M.E. McCrindle; J. H. Owen

    2003-01-01

    Mathematics at matriculation level (Grade 12) is one of the subjects required for admission to the Veterinary Nursing Diploma in the Faculty at Veterinary Science of the University of Pretoria. The present study shows that there is no statistically significant relationship between the grade of mathematics at matriculation level and the success or failure in the 1st year of study. There is, however, a statistical difference in the adjusted mark obtained for mathematics at matriculation level b...

  5. Measuring Engagement in Fourth to Twelfth Grade Classrooms: The Classroom Engagement Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Ze; Bergin, Christi; Bergin, David A.

    2014-01-01

    Research on factors that may promote engagement is hampered by the absence of a measure of classroom-level engagement. Literature has suggested that engagement may have 3 dimensions--affective, behavioral, and cognitive. No existing engagement scales measure all 3 dimensions at the classroom level. The Classroom Engagement Inventory (CEI) was…

  6. Measuring Engagement in Fourth to Twelfth Grade Classrooms: The Classroom Engagement Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Ze; Bergin, Christi; Bergin, David A.

    2014-01-01

    Research on factors that may promote engagement is hampered by the absence of a measure of classroom-level engagement. Literature has suggested that engagement may have 3 dimensions--affective, behavioral, and cognitive. No existing engagement scales measure all 3 dimensions at the classroom level. The Classroom Engagement Inventory (CEI) was…

  7. The Perspectives of Twelfth-Grade Students toward the Acquisition of Algebraic Skills throughout High School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Melloney W. A.

    2017-01-01

    Too many students do not learn algebra and therefore do not graduate from high school. This basic qualitative study conducted in a large suburban public school district explored the perspectives of high school seniors who were at least 18 years old and at risk for not graduating from high school because they had not demonstrated an adequate…

  8. 关于新时期成人学历教育的思考与实践%On Thinking and Practice of Adult Diploma Education of New Era

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张学斌; 尹振江; 王建国

    2011-01-01

    In "The Eleventh Five-year Plan" period, diploma education of Dalian Education University experienced two changes and did its part for the modern education service system construction. In "The Twelfth Five-year Plan" period, the targets have been clarified, but the choice of developing strategies is worth exploring by every member of diploma education staff.%在“十一五”期间,大连教育学院学历教育经过两次改革转型的洗礼,为现代教育服务体系的构建注入了重要生命元素,取得了可喜成绩。进入“十二五”,学历教育发展目标已经明确,但选择怎样的发展战略,是每位从事学历教育人应该研究和解决的问题。

  9. [Interdisciplinarity in nursing diploma programs: an evolving process].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galindo, Marly B; Goldenberg, Paulete

    2008-01-01

    Diploma Programs in Nursing with disciplinary curricula cope with the need to be reorganized to conform to the new guidelines. In this way the study aimed at characterizing the incorporation of the interdisciplinarity in tree undergraduate courses, in the municipality of São Paulo. Documents and interviews were collected and then analyzed in a qualitative approach. The study detected efforts on the part of the coordination of the courses to establish an integrated curriculum. Aside limiting factors pointed out, the projects in the community appear as facilitators of incorporation of the interdisciplinarity in the curricula.

  10. Software used for diploma thesis at Geoinformatics VSB-TUO

    OpenAIRE

    Jan Růžička

    2007-01-01

    The paper describes software usage for diploma thesis presented by VSB-TUO students during students conference GISáček. A prepared statistics was build from papers available at web pages of the conference. The prepared statistics is not complete clear view on this area, but I do not have any other simple way how to prepare such statistics.The statistics was build just from the text of the papers. If a student mentioned any software than it is included in the statistics. Summarized results are...

  11. 76 FR 79754 - Twelfth Meeting: RTCA Special Committee 220, Automatic Flight Guidance and Control

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-22

    ... Federal Aviation Administration Twelfth Meeting: RTCA Special Committee 220, Automatic Flight Guidance and Control AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT). ACTION... Return to general plenary meeting Review of WG 2 status--progress, issues and plan Review of WG 3...

  12. 78 FR 16031 - Twelfth Meeting: RTCA Special Committee 225, Rechargeable Lithium Battery and Battery Systems...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-13

    ... Federal Aviation Administration Twelfth Meeting: RTCA Special Committee 225, Rechargeable Lithium Battery and Battery Systems--Small and Medium Size AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), U.S... Lithium Battery and Battery Systems--Small and Medium Size. SUMMARY: The FAA is issuing this notice to...

  13. The innovation element of the diploma (b.eng.) programs at DTU

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nyborg, Mads; Christiansen, Nynne Budtz

    2016-01-01

    In September 2014 the first version of the newly developed CDIO-based diploma (B.Eng) programs were launched at DTU (Nyborg et al., 2015). The programs are the result of a comprehensive merger process of former diploma programs, namely the programs at Engineering College of Copenhagen (now DTU...

  14. Postgraduate Diploma Collaborative Assignment: Implications for ESL Students and Curriculum Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grant, T.

    2008-01-01

    The commerce faculty at the University of Cape Town (UCT) offers a 1-year, postgraduate management diploma that is regarded as a mini-MBA. It appeals to a wide variety of mainly English-as-second language (ESL) students. In the past, core course diploma lecturers in marketing, tourism and leisure, enterprise management and sport management "did…

  15. Postgraduate Diploma Collaborative Assignment: Implications for ESL Students and Curriculum Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grant, T.

    2008-01-01

    The commerce faculty at the University of Cape Town (UCT) offers a 1-year, postgraduate management diploma that is regarded as a mini-MBA. It appeals to a wide variety of mainly English-as-second language (ESL) students. In the past, core course diploma lecturers in marketing, tourism and leisure, enterprise management and sport management…

  16. Postgraduate Diploma Collaborative Assignment: Implications for ESL Students and Curriculum Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grant, T.

    2008-01-01

    The commerce faculty at the University of Cape Town (UCT) offers a 1-year, postgraduate management diploma that is regarded as a mini-MBA. It appeals to a wide variety of mainly English-as-second language (ESL) students. In the past, core course diploma lecturers in marketing, tourism and leisure, enterprise management and sport management…

  17. International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme: What It Means to a School Library and Librarian

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tilke, Anthony

    2011-01-01

    The International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme (IBDP or DP) is a curriculum available to students in the final two years of high school. The library and school librarian can play a role in the school's Diploma program, alongside students, faculty, and administration. School librarians new to the program often ask about guidelines or documents…

  18. What It Takes to Complete High School: The Shifting Terrain of Course and Diploma Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffman, Nancy

    2013-01-01

    In recent months, several states have altered their high school course requirements in various ways, from creating endorsements within a single diploma to creating new diplomas. These states appear to be making changes for a variety of reasons: to elevate career and technical education; to emphasize STEM fields; to improve the alignment with…

  19. Recent Developments with Degree Mills: Accreditation Mills and Counterfeit Diploma and Transcript Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ezell, Allen

    2009-01-01

    This article updates developments regarding Diploma Mills, Accreditation Mills, and Counterfeit Diploma & Transcript operations. It will cover identification & prosecution, to new entities now appearing in these growth industries with annual revenues over one billion dollars. This article will address federal and state laws, a new Federal…

  20. Twelfth Semiannual Report of the Commission to the Congress. Major Activities in the Atomic Energy Programs, January - June 1952

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dean, Gordon

    1952-07-01

    The document represents the twelfth semiannual Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) report to Congress. The report sums up the major activities and developments in the national atomic energy program covering the period January - June 1952.

  1. Satisfaction of trainees of Saudi Diploma Family Medicine, Saudi Arabia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Khaldi, Yahia M; AlDawood, Kassim M; AlKhudeer, Basima K; AlSaqqaf, Abdullah A

    2016-09-01

    This paper aims to assess trainees' satisfaction with the process and assessment aspects of the Saudi Diploma of Family Medicine (SDFM). This cross-sectional study was conducted in February 2015 among trainees undertaking the SDFM. A questionnaire was distributed to all trainees in four examination centres in Saudi Arabia, under the supervision and guidance of the investigators (four members of the scientific committee of SDFM). There was a total of 97 participants in this study, the majority of whom were Saudis. More than 85% were satisfied with most elements of training including; an adequate number and variety of patients and cases, allocating time for training, giving regular written evaluation. Satisfaction with mentoring and giving constructive feedback scored less well and trainees were less satisfied with some hospital clinical rotations, which requires further exploration.

  2. New diploma in emergency medicine in France: the students' perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dehours, Emilie; Vallé, Baptiste; Concina, François; Bounes, Vincent; Ducassé, Jean-Louis; Lauque, Dominique

    2013-04-01

    French emergency medicine (EM) has undergone rapid changes with the establishment of a diploma in emergency medicine (DES). We aimed to question medicine students on their knowledge of and apprehensions regarding this new DES. We conducted an email cross-sectional survey among second-cycle medical students before their choice of resident speciality. This included a demographic study and an evaluation of the willingness to choose emergency specialization. Two thousand and three fully completed questionnaires were analysed. Twenty-six per cent of the students (n=524) planned to choose emergency specialization and 54% of the students (n=1084) knew that emergency specialization would be proposed as a full speciality. Seventy-six per cent of students considered it tough to practice as an entire career. This study clearly shows that EM represents an attractive option for medical students. The establishment of DES represents a major step in the improvement of EM.

  3. Playing the role: Power of love and love of power in Shakespeare's Twelfth Night

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ljubica Matek

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The author uses a methodological approach similar to one of New Historicism to give a new reading of Shakespeare’s comedy Twelfth Night, or What You Will. The play represents both a literary and a historical document which repeats the pattern of appropriating and exercising power used by Queen Elizabeth I. This reading reveals a new interpretative layer of Shakespeare’s seemingly apolitical comedy about mistaken identity and unrequited love which is resolved in a likewise seemingly typical happy ending that includes three marriages. A parallel analysis of text and context will show that Twelfth Night is a socially subversive text which points to the conclusion that masking seems to be a necessary prerequisite for achieving personal and political goals, both in the fictional context of the play and in the historical context of Elizabethan England.

  4. Introduction and session summaries for the proceedings of the twelfth symposium on biotechnology fuels and chemicals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Greenbaum, E. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA)); Wyman, C.E. (Solar Energy Research Inst., Golden, CO (USA))

    1990-01-01

    This Twelfth Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals continues to provide an annual forum for researchers from industry, universities, and government laboratories to exchange information on recent developments in emerging bioprocessing technologies. As in the past, innovative processing concepts are stressed that are in the early stages of development. The meeting began with a session on Thermal, Chemical, and Biological Processing, followed by two sessions on Applied Biological Research. Next, topics in Bioengineering Research were presented, and a special session on Biotechnology, Bioengineering, and the Solution of Environmental Problems concluded the Twelfth Symposium. Both presentations and posters provided information exchange among meeting participants, and several discussion groups were organized to consider special topics of interest to the meeting participants. This paper presents a brief description of the discussions.

  5. Africa South of the Sahara. Grade Twelve. [Resource Unit IV.] Project Social Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. Project Social Studies Curriculum Center.

    This is the fourth of seven resource units for a twelfth grade course on value conflicts and policy decisions. The topic for this unit is Africa south of the Sahara. The objectives are listed as to generalizations, skills, and values. The double-page format relates objectives to pertinent content, teaching procedures, and instructional materials.…

  6. SCOPE FOUR-STATE PROFILE, GRADE TWELVE 1966, CALIFORNIA, ILLINOIS, MASSACHUSETTS, NORTH CAROLINA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    TILLERY, DALE; AND OTHERS

    A FOUR-STATE STUDY OF NINTH AND TWELFTH GRADE STUDENTS WAS MADE BY SCOPE (SCHOOL TO COLLEGE--OPPORTUNITIES FOR POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION) TO DISCOVER HOW, WHEN, AND WHY STUDENTS MAKE DECISIONS ABOUT POST-HIGH SCHOOL EDUCATION AND CAREERS. THE INFLUENCE OF PARENTS, SCHOOLS, AND PEERS UPON THE NATURE OF THESE DECISIONS IS ALSO EXAMINED. A COMPOSITE…

  7. A Software Application for Managing Graduates and Graduation Diploma in the University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mîzgaciu C.

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the structure mode of organization and storage of data that is contained in a graduation diploma. The graduation diploma is of three types, based on the three important cycles of study (bachelor, master, and doctoral degree. We do an analysis of the information that is included in the graduation diploma and how we can manage this from the quality point of view.We print the graduation diploma once on the form, elaborated by our Ministry of Education, Research and Innovation (MECI, we can make a duplicate in certain cases.We suggest an online application which is based on a software solution using Apache, PHP and MySQL.

  8. AHP in Assessing Performance of Diploma Institutes – A Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Sujit Kumar Goshal

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Present paper shows application of Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP as potential tool in decision making in assessing performance of diploma institutes. Parameters for assessing diploma level institutes are used as example. A hierarchical structure is framed for the parameters and the diploma institutes from where feedback received against the parameters for this study. By applying the AHP, the parameters can be prioritized and a descending order list of diploma institutes can be made in order to identify the best performing institutes. A sensitivity analysis can be performed to check the sensitivity of the final selection (decision to minor changes in the judgement. Step by step approaches for applying AHP will be used by using AHP Calculation Software by CGI (web-based free software. It is hoped that this will encourage the application of the AHP in assessing institutional performance of similar institutions.

  9. Twelfth symposium on biotechnology for fuels and chemicals: Program and abstracts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scheitlin, F.M. (ed.)

    1990-01-01

    This report is the program and abstracts of the twelfth symposium on biotechnology for fuels and chemicals, held on May 7--11, 1990, at Gatlinburg, Tennessee. The symposium, sponsored by the Department of Energy, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Solar Energy Research Institute, Badger Engineers, Inc., Gas Research Institute, and American Chemical Society, consists of five sessions: Session 1, thermal, chemical, and biological processing; Session 2 and 3, applied biological research; Session 4, bioengineering research; and Session 5, biotechnology, bioengineering, and the solution of environmental problems. It also consists of a poster session of the same five subject categories.

  10. O valor do diploma nas práticas de recrutamento de grandes empresas The value of the diploma in the recruitment practices of large companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Paula Salheb Alves

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Estudos mostram que diplomas de nível superior facilitam o acesso a posições de trabalho mais bem remuneradas e são uma fonte importante de prestígio e honra social no Brasil. Não obstante, uma ampla literatura afirma hoje a diminuição da importância do diploma nos processos de contratação, argumentando que ele seria cada vez menos suficiente para se conseguir um emprego. Este artigo examina os processos de seleção de engenheiros recém-formados por oito grandes empresas da região de Campinas. Com base em entrevistas com os principais atores da seleção e em observações das rodadas iniciais de uma seleção realizada por firma de consultoria contratada por uma das empresas, o estudo mostra que o peso do diploma obtido em uma universidade de prestígio ainda é a variável mais importante na decisão de contratação, definindo não apenas a obtenção do emprego, mas também o acesso às vagas que levam às posições gerenciais, mais bem remuneradas e mais prestigiosas. Ao final, discute as implicações teóricas e o que esses resultados sugerem em termos de políticas públicas.Studies show that higher level diplomas make access to well-paid jobs easier and are an important source of prestige and social honor in Brazil. However, a broad literature today indicates a reduction of the importance of the diploma in hiring processes and argues that having a diploma becomes less and less sufficient for getting a job. This article examines the processes of selection of recently graduated engineers by eight large companies in the region of Campinas. Based on interviews with the main actors of the selection processes and on observation of the initial steps of a selection carried out by a consultancy company hired by one of the companies, the study shows that the weight of a diploma from a prestigious university is still the most important variable for the hiring decision, as it defines not only whether it will be possible to get the

  11. NAEP Writing Computer-Based Assessment: An Overview for Grades 8 and 12. NCES 2010-470

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 2010

    2010-01-01

    In today's society, writing with paper and pencil has largely been replaced by writing using a computer. Students are expected to compose on a computer as they move through school and into the workforce. Reflecting the changes in technology, eighth- and twelfth-grade students taking the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) writing…

  12. The Nation's Report Card: Writing 2011. National Assessment of Educational Progress at Grades 8 and 12. NCES 2012-470

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Center for Education Statistics, 2012

    2012-01-01

    This report presents results of the 2011 National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) in writing at grades 8 and 12. In this new national writing assessment sample, 24,100 eighth-graders and 28,100 twelfth-graders engaged with writing tasks and composed their responses on computer. The assessment tasks reflected writing situations common to…

  13. Qinghai Newly Adds 1 Million Tonnes of Copper and 2 Million Tonnes of Lead Zinc In the “Twelfth Five Year Plan” period

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    The reporter recently learned from Qinghai Province Geological Prospecting Bureau that Qinghai’s geological prospecting for the"Twelfth Five Year Plan"period had made significant breakthroughs,and newly submitted58 orefields.It has been learned that,during the"Twelfth

  14. La Desercion Escolar en los Niveles de Sexto y Noveno Grado: Una Comparacion Entre Zonas Rurales y Urbanas. Boletin 219 (The Educational Desertion in the 6th and 9th Grades: A Comparison Between Rural and Urban Zones. Bulletin 219).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez, Maria I. Hernandez; And Others

    In 1962 and again in 1965, a group of sixth and ninth grade students in selected schools in four Puerto Rican communities were interviewed to investigate the factors influencing students' decision to withdraw from school before completing twelfth grade and to identify some characteristics of dropouts. Of 616 students interviewed in 1962, 20.9% of…

  15. La Desercion Escolar en los Niveles de Sexto y Noveno Grado: Una Comparacion Entre Zonas Rurales y Urbanas. Boletin 219 (The Educational Desertion in the 6th and 9th Grades: A Comparison Between Rural and Urban Zones. Bulletin 219).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez, Maria I. Hernandez; And Others

    In 1962 and again in 1965, a group of sixth and ninth grade students in selected schools in four Puerto Rican communities were interviewed to investigate the factors influencing students' decision to withdraw from school before completing twelfth grade and to identify some characteristics of dropouts. Of 616 students interviewed in 1962, 20.9% of…

  16. Inflated Grades, Enrollments & Budgets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. E. Stone

    1995-06-01

    Full Text Available Reports of the past 13 years that call attention to deficient academic standards in American higher education are enumerated. Particular attention is given the Wingspread Group's recent An American Imperative: Higher Expectations for Higher Education. Low academic standards, grade inflation, and budgetary incentives for increased enrollment are analyzed and a call is made for research at the state level. Reported trends in achievement and GPAs are extrapolated to Tennessee and combined with local data to support the inference that 15% of the state's present day college graduates would not have earned a diploma by mid 1960s standards. A conspicuous lack of interest by public oversight bodies is noted despite a growing public awareness of low academic expectations and lenient grading and an implicit budgetary impact of over $100 million. Various academic policies and the dynamics of bureaucratic control are discussed in relationship to the maintenance of academic standards. The disincentives for challenging course requirements and responsible grading are examined, and the growing movement to address academic quality issues through better training and supervision of faculty are critiqued. Recommendations that would encourage renewed academic integrity and make learning outcomes visible to students, parents, employers, and the taxpaying public are offered and briefly discussed.

  17. The Roots of Fencing from the Twelfth to the Fourteenth Centuries in the French Language Area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dupuis Olivier

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This article offers a partial overview on fencing, as recognized through archive records, as well as French epics and romances from the twelfth to the early fourteenth century. In the twelfth century, fencing was only attested through knightly vocabulary as a way to describe actions performed during single combats involving a combination of shield and another weapon, most commonly a sword. Fencing was progressively dissociated from the knightly arts and there were even few mentions of its use by common people. There are archive records from the thirteenth century of individuals bearing the nickname “fencer”, although there is rarely enough context to be certain that they were really practicing the art. At the end of the thirteenth century, archives and narrative fiction show an established fashion for a certain form of fencing with a short round shield, the buckler. This is clearly established in London where surviving manuscripts include many regulations on fencing, however the fashion was also spread in the continent, even though it seems to be less documented.

  18. Before Grosseteste: Roger of Hereford and calendar reform in eleventh- and twelfth-century England.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreton, J.

    1995-12-01

    The existence in the West Country - that area of England that is nearest to the Welsh border - in the eleventh and twelfth centuries of a group of scholars with scientific interests has long been recognized. The part that compotus played in the development of these interests was noted, but it has not been studied in any detail. It was here that a proposal for a reform of the ecclesiastical calendar, based not only on the reckoning traditionally attributed to Dionysius Exiguus but relating also to observed phenomena, was arrived at, then verified with the use of newly available scientific ideas from Arabic sources. One reason for the neglect of this topic is that three very important computistical treatises - the eleventh-century Compotus of Gerland and those of Roger of Hereford and the writer who has been identified with a certain "Constabularius", both from the twelfth century - have not been printed. The aim of this article is to explain why the study of compotus flourished in the West Country and then to examine its development in these and related treatises.

  19. Idiopathic Ninth, Tenth, and Twelfth Cranial Nerve Palsy with Ipsilateral Headache: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sun Seung-Ho

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: This case report is to report the effect of Korean traditional treatment for idiopathic ninth, tenth, and twelfth cranial nerve palsy with ipsilateral headache. Methods: The medical history and imaging and laboratory test of a 39-year-old man with cranial palsy were tested to identify the cause of disease. A 0.2-mL dosage of Hwangyeonhaedoktang pharmacopuncture was administered at CV23 and CV17, respectively. Acupuncture was applied at P06, Li05, TE05, and G37 on the right side of the body. Zhuapiandutongbang (左偏頭痛方 was administered at 30 minutes to 1 hour after mealtime three times a day. The symptoms were investigated using Visual Analogue Scale (VAS. Results: The results of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI, computed tomography (CT, and laboratory tests were normal. The medical history showed no trauma, other illnesses, family history of diseases, medications, smoking, drinking and so on. All symptoms disappeared at the 10th day of treatment. Conclusion: Korean traditional treatment such as acupuncture, pharmcopuncture, and herbal medicine for the treatment of ninth, tenth, and twelfth cranial nerve palsy of unknown origin is suggested to be effective even though this conclusion is based on a single.

  20. The BPS Diploma in Advanced Pharmacology: a training opportunity for clinical pharmacologists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Judith M

    2007-04-01

    Coinciding with its 75th anniversary, the British Pharmacological Society (BPS) has launched a Diploma in Advanced Pharmacology (BPS Dip Pharmacol). This award is open to clinical and non-clinical scientists and those in related occupations. The Diploma is designed to appeal to those who want to further their pharmacological knowledge or gain an appreciation of basic and clinical aspects of the subject through participation in an advanced programme of non-clinical and clinical pharmacological study. The Diploma is unique in the UK. It provides not only a mechanism for continuing and updating education in basic pharmacology, clinical pharmacology, and therapeutics, but also a range of networking opportunities for non-clinical and clinical scientists in industry and academia.

  1. John Buchanan's Philadelphia Diploma Mill and the Rise of State Medical Boards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, David Alan

    2015-01-01

    The absence of medical licensing laws in most states during the years following the American Civil War made it possible for unscrupulous individuals to capitalize upon the weak governmental role in medical practice and educational charters. The practices of John Buchanan during much of his tenure at the Eclectic Medical College of Pennsylvania, in issuing thousands of dubiously earned diplomas, caused a national and international scandal. The traffic in diplomas became so flagrant that regulatory oversight of physicians and their practice, such as that conducted by the Illinois Board of Health led by Dr. John Rauch, developed rapidly across the United States. Though multiple factors prompted the rebirth of medical licensing laws, professional, educational, journalistic, and public concerns for bogus diplomas played an important role.

  2. 76 FR 17473 - Twelfth Meeting: RTCA Special Committee 214: Working Group 78: Standards for Air Traffic Data...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-29

    ... Federal Aviation Administration Twelfth Meeting: RTCA Special Committee 214: Working Group 78: Standards...: Notice of RTCA Special Committee 214: Working Group 78: Standards for Air Traffic Data Communication... Committee 214: Working Group 78: Standards for Air Traffic Data Communication Services. DATES: The...

  3. Comparison of Political Attitudes of German and American Twelfth Year Students: Perspectives on the Rights of Individuals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hepburn, Mary A.

    A broad survey of democratic political attitudes of United States and West German students was developed jointly by the Governmental Education Division of the Vinson Institute of Government at the University of Georgia and the Bundeszentrale fur politische Bildung in Bonn. This survey sought to probe twelfth-year students' attitudes toward…

  4. 75 FR 11116 - Certain Pasta from Italy: Notice of Amended Final Results of the Twelfth Antidumping Duty...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-10

    ... Results of the Twelfth Administrative Review, 75 FR 6352 (February 9, 2010) (Final Results). We are... Antidumping Duty Changed Circumstances Review and Revocation, in Part, 74 FR 41120 (August 14, 2009). The... clarified its ``automatic assessment''' regulation on May 6, 2003 (68 FR 23954). This clarification...

  5. The Twelfth US Air Force. Tactical and Operational Innovations in the Mediterranean Theater of Operations, 1943-1944

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-02-01

    Husky was a strategic success, contributing to the resignation of Italian dictator Benito Mussolini on 25 July 1943, and the 30 OPERATION HUSKY AND... Mussolini and the surrender of Italy. The Italian capitulation forced the Germans to defend Italy alone with overstretched forces. The Twelfth Air Force

  6. An Analysis of Learning Levels within and between a Degree and a Diploma: New Zealand Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warring, Susan

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to analyse how learning levels differ within and between degrees and diplomas with specific application to the Bachelor of Applied Business Studies degree and the New Zealand Diploma of Business, which are delivered at a New Zealand polytechnic. Design/methodology/approach: A literature review and content analysis of…

  7. Academic Civic Mindedness and Model Citizenship in the International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme. Working Paper WR-1044-IBO

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saavedra, Anna Rosefsky

    2014-01-01

    Originally founded as a private means for diplomats' children to earn an internationally recognized high school diploma, today the International Baccalaureate (IB) Diploma Programme (DP) serves students from a variety of backgrounds in 144 countries. The IB mission and Learner Profile--consisting of ten attributes to foster in students--suggest…

  8. An Analysis of Learning Levels within and between a Degree and a Diploma: New Zealand Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warring, Susan

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to analyse how learning levels differ within and between degrees and diplomas with specific application to the Bachelor of Applied Business Studies degree and the New Zealand Diploma of Business, which are delivered at a New Zealand polytechnic. Design/methodology/approach: A literature review and content analysis of…

  9. Night College Author Spends Five Years Getting Diploma in Spare Time

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1994-01-01

    AT the age of 32, I went back to school. I enrolled as a student in the Department of History at a night college attached to Beijing Normal University. My son was only two years old at the time. At first I went to night classes just to earn a college diploma. I already had 15 years’ work experience, including four years of being a magazine editor. But if I wanted to keep my job as editor, I had to obtain a diploma. When I first sat down in the terraced, 300-seat classroom and touched my new textbooks, I was full of a craving for knowledge. I knew that my classmates

  10. Forecast of Grain Production of China during the Twelfth Five-Year Plan Period

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    According to the latest revised agricultural economic statistical data in China Statistical Yearbook-2010,by selecting and establishing the square root-treated grey model,the empirical analysis and forecast research on the grain output of China from 2011 to 2015 are conducted.The results show that the grain output of China in 2011 will reach 557.739 million tons,and it will break through 600 million tons at 605.617 million tons in 2015.The persistent and stable grain output will ensure that the national economy develops in normal during the twelfth five-year plan period and remit the world grain crisis efficiently;meanwhile,the problem of exorbitant grain prices should be remitted in some level.

  11. Proceedings of the twelfth international symposium on remote sensing of environment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1978-01-01

    This is the third of three volumes of the proceedings of the Twelfth International Symposium on Remote Sensing of Environment, held 20 to 26 April 1978 in Manila, Philippines. This symposium is part of a continuing program investigating current activities in the field of remote sensing. The meeting is intended to promote increased international cooperation in research, development and application of this technology, and to stimulate an exchange of information on all aspects of this multidisciplinary field through the presentation of reports on work planned, in progress or completed. Presentations include those concerned with the utilization of this technology in various national and international programs as well as in numerous applications for monitoring and managing the earth's resources and man's global environment. Ground-based, airborne, and spaceborne sensor systems and both manual and machine-assisted data analysis and interpretation are included. All papers included in their entirety were abstracted and indexed for EDB/ERA.

  12. Special issue “International Geomagnetic Reference Field—the twelfth generation”

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thébault, E.; Finlay, C. C.; Toh, H.

    2015-01-01

    is a series of standard mathematical models describing the large scale internal part of the Earth’s magnetic field between epochs 1900.0 and 2015.0 with a forecast to epoch 2020.0. This activity has been maintained since 1968 by a working group of volunteer scientists from several international institutions......This special issue of Earth, Planets and Space, synthesizes the efforts made during the construction of the twelfth generation of the International Geomagnetic Reference Field (IGRF-12) that was released online in December 2014 (http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/IAGA/vmod/ igrf.html). The IGRF-12...... and Geophysics/Union Internationale de Géodésie et Géophysique (IUGG/UIGG), an “international organization dedicated to advancing, promoting, and communicating knowledge of the Earth system, its space environment, and the dynamical processes causing change” (http://www.iugg.org/)....

  13. Comparison of Two Small-Group Learning Methods in 12th-Grade Physics Classes Focusing on Intrinsic Motivation and Academic Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berger, Roland; Hanze, Martin

    2009-01-01

    Twelfth-grade physics classes with 344 students participated in a quasi-experimental study comparing two small-group learning settings. In the jigsaw classroom, in contrast to the cyclical rotation method, teaching expectancy as well as resource interdependence is established. The study is based on the self-determination theory of motivation,…

  14. Making Every Diploma Count: Using Extended-Year Graduation Rates to Measure Student Success. Updated

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Youth Policy Forum, 2012

    2012-01-01

    States and districts are under increasing pressure to ensure all students complete high school in four years; however, many students who fall off-track on the way to graduation take longer than the traditional four years to earn a high school diploma or its equivalent. Unfortunately, those schools and districts serving overage, under-credit…

  15. Improving Collaborative Planning and Reflection Practices at International Baccalaureate Diploma Schools in Amman

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saa'd AlDin, Kawther

    2014-01-01

    In 2010, the International Baccalaureate (IB) Organization mandated that all its schools, including Diploma (DP) schools, adhere to the collaborative planning and reflection requirements, which emphasized the importance of integrating its theory of knowledge (TOK) core component into all disciplines. Many schools officials and educations in Amman…

  16. Diploma R.N.'s: A New Challenge for Career Planning and Placement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bostaph, Charles; Moore, Marti

    1978-01-01

    Need for additional college education or career change is becoming common for registered nurses who are graduates of hospital diploma programs. This creates challenges for career planning and placement professionals, including counseling of R.N.s with a variety of majors and needs who wish to enter fields other than hospital nursing. (Author)

  17. Learning and Working: Elements of the Diploma Disease Thesis Examined in England and Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Little, Angela W.; Singh, Jasbir Sarjit

    1992-01-01

    Prospective and retrospective studies of 1,659 secondary school students and 198 workers in England and Malaysia found positive relationships between intrinsic motivations for learning and working. The "diploma disease" thesis, which posits negative relationships between examination-oriented schooling in developing nations and intrinsic…

  18. Demographic Profiling--A Determination of Academic Performance in a Postgraduate Diploma in Marketing Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beneke, J.; Beeming, C.

    2011-01-01

    This article analyses the direct effect of demographic variables on academic outcomes. The study concludes that ethnic group plays a pivotal role in determining the academic performance of students registered for the Postgraduate Diploma in Marketing Management at the University of Cape Town. White students (presumed to emanate from a privileged…

  19. An Approach to the Teaching of Psychiatric Nursing in Diploma and Associate Degree Programs: Workshop Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National League for Nursing, New York, NY. Mental Health and Psychiatric Nursing Advisory Service.

    This workshop was the third and final phase of a project to determine what goals, methods, content, and learning experiences in psychiatric-mental health nursing should be included in diploma and associate degree education for nursing in light of present day trends in psychiatric care. The project indicates that the hospital is no longer the focal…

  20. Benefits of Collaborative Writing for ESL Advanced Diploma Students in the Production of Reports

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fong, Lin Siew

    2012-01-01

    This study analyzes the collaborative writing sessions of two groups of advanced diploma economics students with mixed proficiency. Although studies in collaborative writing usually highlight the mixed results of students' collaboration ranging from promoting peer learning to having unresolved conflict, the findings of this paper only provide the…

  1. An Assessment of the "Diploma in Computer Engineering" Course in the Technical Education System in Nepal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basnet, Kul Bahadur; Kim, Jinsoo

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess the Diploma in Computer Engineering (DCE) courses offered at affiliated schools of the Council for Technical Education and Vocational Training (CTEVT) with a focus on the goals of the curriculum and employment opportunities. Document analysis, questionnaires, focus group discussions and semi-structured…

  2. Working to My Potential: The Postsecondary Experiences of CPS Students in the International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coca, Vanessa; Johnson, David; Kelley-Kemple, Thomas; Roderick, Melissa; Moeller, Eliza; Williams, Nicole; Moragne, Kafi

    2012-01-01

    In 1997, Chicago Public Schools (CPS) announced an ambitious plan to open 13 International Baccalaureate Diploma Programs (IBDP) in neighborhood high schools throughout the city. Hoping to replicate the success achieved in the long-standing IB program at Lincoln Park High School, the scale of the IB experiment was unmatched by any other school…

  3. Assessing the Higher National Diploma Chemical Engineering Programme in Ghana: Students' Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boateng, Cyril D.; Bensah, Edem Cudjoe; Ahiekpor, Julius C.

    2012-01-01

    Chemical engineers have played key roles in the growth of the chemical and allied industries in Ghana but indigenous industries that have traditionally been the domain of the informal sector need to be migrated to the formal sector through the entrepreneurship and innovation of chemical engineers. The Higher National Diploma Chemical Engineering…

  4. The International Baccalaureate and Its Diploma Programme Online: The Challenges and Opportunities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bunnell, Tristan

    2008-01-01

    The International Baccalaureate Organisation (IBO) celebrated its 40th Anniversary in 2008. Following almost four decades of rapid growth the IBO embarked on a strategic planning exercise in 2004. One outcome is that the IBO seeks to widen access to its Diploma Programme (IBDP), and one avenue being followed is online provision. There have been…

  5. Assessing the Higher National Diploma Chemical Engineering Programme in Ghana: Students' Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boateng, Cyril D.; Bensah, Edem Cudjoe; Ahiekpor, Julius C.

    2012-01-01

    Chemical engineers have played key roles in the growth of the chemical and allied industries in Ghana but indigenous industries that have traditionally been the domain of the informal sector need to be migrated to the formal sector through the entrepreneurship and innovation of chemical engineers. The Higher National Diploma Chemical Engineering…

  6. A Comparison of Transition Predictors between Students Following Different Diploma Pathways

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vierno, Peter Joseph

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which evidence of two secondary transition predictors, paid employment and independent living, exist in the Individualized Education Plans (IEPs) of students on two pathways to a high school diploma in a southeastern state. The IEPs of 538 students were examined from one urban district in…

  7. An Evaluation of the Advanced Diploma from the Perspective of Staff and Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Major, Louis

    2012-01-01

    The article presented evaluates the experiences and aspirations of learners enrolled on the Advanced Diploma (level three 14-19) as well as documenting the thoughts of developers, managers and practitioners who have been responsible for the implementation of the award. In order to gain a clear picture of existing research, analysis of the…

  8. Linking Work Integrated Learning and Competency of Graduates Pursuing Graduate Diploma in Teaching Profession

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puncreobutr, Vichian; Malee; Somjate

    2016-01-01

    The objective of this research was to study the level of work integrated learning (WIL), and the competency of the teaching profession based on the standards of knowledge of the graduates at St. Theresa International College. The study group consisted of 115 graduates pursuing Graduate Diploma in Teaching Profession Program. The questionnaire was…

  9. Academic Civic Mindedness and Model Citizenship in the International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saavedra, Anna Rosefsky

    2016-01-01

    This study uses interview and survey methods to describe the International Baccalaureate (IB) Diploma Programme's (DP) development of students' "academic civic mindedness" and "model citizenship" at four public schools in California. Results indicate that the DP pedagogy enables students to develop many of the skills that are…

  10. A case study exploring the current issues faced by diploma-prepared nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Droskinis, Amy

    2013-01-01

    Nursing is a dynamic and rapidly progressing field. As the profession changes over time, it is vital to study how these transformations influence the workforce. In this study, the aim was to explore how diploma-prepared nurses are functioning in the acute care setting and how modifications in educational requirements and technological advancement have affected their nursing practice.

  11. Implementation of a Proficiency-Based Diploma System in Maine: Phase II--District Level Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silvernail, David L.; Stump, Erika K.; McCafferty, Anita Stewart; Hawes, Kathryn M.

    2014-01-01

    This report describes the findings from Phase II of a study of Maine's implementation of a proficiency-based diploma system. At the request of the Joint Standing Committee on Education and Cultural Affairs of the Maine Legislature, the Maine Policy Research Institute (MEPRI) has conducted a two-phased study of the implementation of Maine law…

  12. Effectiveness of Higher Diploma Program for Early Career Academics in Ethiopia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gebru, Demewoz Admasu

    2016-01-01

    Unprecedented expansion of the public higher education sector in Ethiopia has brought about masses of early career academics (ECAs) to take up teaching and research in the sector. In recognition of a multitude of responsibilities and challenges these ECAs would face, a higher diploma program (HDP) was introduced in 2004 both for ECAs and senior…

  13. Moving down the Track: Changing School Practices during the Second Year of "Diplomas Now"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sepanik, Susan; Corrin, William; Roy, David; Gray, Aracelis; Fernandez, Felix; Briggs, Ashley; Wang, Kathleen K.

    2015-01-01

    Too many students in high-poverty, urban communities drop out of high school, and too few graduate prepared for college and careers. Three national organizations--Talent Development Secondary, City Year, and Communities In Schools--have formed "Diplomas Now" in an effort to transform urban secondary schools so fewer students drop out and…

  14. The International Baccalaureate Diploma Program and Gifted Learners: A Comparative Study of Success

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frost, Denise Stewart

    2011-01-01

    The problem is that some secondary schools use the International Baccalaureate Diploma Program to service gifted students even though it was not developed as a gifted model. The purpose of the study is to determine if gifted identified students benefit more or less academically than students not identified as gifted as a result of their…

  15. Laying Tracks to Graduation: The First Year of Implementing Diplomas Now

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corrin, William; Sepanik, Susan; Gray, Aracelis; Fernandez, Felix; Briggs, Ashley; Wang, Kathleen K.

    2014-01-01

    Too many students in high-poverty, urban communities drop out of high school, and too few graduate prepared for college and careers. Three national organizations--Talent Development Secondary, City Year, and Communities In Schools--have formed Diplomas Now in an effort to transform urban secondary schools so fewer students drop out and more…

  16. Employing an "Employer-Led" Design? An Evaluation of the Development of Diplomas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ertl, Hubert; Stasz, Cathleen

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents some of the findings of an evaluation of the development of the first fourteen 14-19 Diplomas in England. It focuses on the question whether the government's aim to develop the new qualifications in an employer-led way has been fulfilled. In order to answer this question, the paper evaluates the contributions of employers in…

  17. Optimising Meritocratic Advantage with the International Baccalaureate Diploma in Australian Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doherty, Catherine

    2012-01-01

    This paper explores two of the tensions Tarc identifies in the history of the International Baccalaureate (IB) Diploma: firstly, between its design for meritocratic competition and its internationalist vision and, secondly, between the IB as a global commodity and its localised interpretations. Using data from three case studies of Australian…

  18. Controlled Assessments in 14-19 Diplomas: Implementation and Effects on Learning Experiences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crisp, Victoria; Green, Sylvia

    2012-01-01

    The Principal Learning components of 14-19 Diplomas (introduced in England in 2008) are assessed predominantly via "controlled assessments". These assessments are conducted within the learning context under specified conditions (or "controls") and require learners to apply their skills to work-related tasks. In this research,…

  19. The International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme in Mexico as Preparation for Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saavedra, Anna Rosefsky; Lavore, Elisa; Flores-Ivich, Georgina

    2016-01-01

    In this study we analyse the relationship between Mexican students' enrolment in the International Baccalaureate (IB) Diploma Programme (DP) and their college preparedness using a case-study methodology. We found that from the Mexican schools that offer the IB DP, most IB students are fairly successful in their college applications, such that the…

  20. Diploma of Higher Studies in Oceanography. Red Sea & Gulf of Aden Programme (PERSGA).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arab Organization for Education and Science, Cairo (Egypt).

    This document presents four courses for the diploma of higher studies in oceanography conducted by the Department of Oceanography, Faculty of Science, University of Alexandria, Egypt. These courses are organized by the Arab League Educational, Cultural and Scientific Organization (ALECSO). Each course is designed to be taught in one academic year…

  1. Self-Perceptions of Pre-Service Mathematics Teachers Completing a Graduate Diploma of Secondary Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hine, Gregory S. C.

    2015-01-01

    This qualitative research project explored the self-perceptions of pre-service secondary mathematics teachers completing a Graduate Diploma of Secondary Education. Specifically, the researcher investigated the extent to which teachers perceived their readiness to commence a secondary mathematics teaching position. The project relied principally on…

  2. Change in Selected Characteristics of Students Between Ninth and Twelfth Grade as Related to High School Curriculum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strickler, Robert E.

    The research reported in this monograph was conducted as a part of the longitudinal Vocational Development Study (VDS) undertaken by the Department of Vocational Education at Pennsylvania State University. The purpose of this project is to conduct ongoing longitudinal research focused upon uncovering the effects of the senior high school…

  3. Roman vs. Arabic Computistics in Twelfth-Century England: A Newly Discovered Source (Collatio Compoti Romani et Arabici).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nothaft, C Philipp E

    2015-01-01

    A frequently overlooked aspect of the knowledge transfer from Arabic into Latin in the twelfth century is the introduction of the Islamo-Arabic calendar, which confronted Western computists with a radically different scheme of lunar reckoning that was in some ways superior to the 19-year lunar cycle of the Roman Church. One of the earliest sources to properly discuss this new system and compare it to the old one is the anonymous Collatio Compoti Romani et Arabici, found in a manuscript from Tewkesbury Abbey, Gloucestershire. This article contains the first edition and translation of this previously unknown text, preceded by an analysis of its content and sources. As will be argued, the text was written in the second quarter of the twelfth century as a reaction to the astronomical tables of al-Khwāizmī, recently translated by Adelard of Bath, as well as to eclipse observations that had exposed the flaws of the 'Roman' computation.

  4. Hebrew and Latin astrology in the twelfth century: the example of the location of pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burnett, Charles

    2010-06-01

    The formative period of Latin and Hebrew astrology occurred virtually simultaneously in both cultures. In the second quarter of the twelfth century the terminology of the subject was established and the textbooks which became authoritative were written. The responsibility for this lay almost entirely with two scholars: John of Seville for the Latins, and Abraham ibn Ezra for the Jews. It is unlikely to have been by coincidence that the same developments in astrology occurred in these two cultures. John of Seville and Abraham ibn Ezra were both brought up within the Islamic culture of Spain, and their astrology was Arabic astrology. Moreover, some scholars have thought that John's origins were Jewish, while Ibn Ezra is known to have collaborated with Latin scholars (whose names are not recorded). It cannot be a coincidence that they forged the science of astrology for their respect co-religionists at almost the same time. Yet, very little research has been done on the possible relations between the two scholars. The purpose of this paper is to begin to explore this relationship, and to illustrate it in particular by their shared doctrine concern the location of pain.

  5. Clinical problem solving ability of BSc and diploma nursing students in Indian setting--a comparison.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ezhilarasu, Punitha

    2012-01-01

    Clinical Problem Solving Ability (CPSA) is an important skill essential for nurses to achieve professional excellence which is developed during the educational process. A sample of 215 students from BSc and Diploma nursing educational programmes were studied to determine their CPSA and the differences were compared. A written simulation instrument (Ezhilarasu, 2000) with a Cronbach's alpha of 0.81 was used to measure the CPSA. BSc students scored significantly higher than Diploma students (p = 0). Final year students from both the programmes scored higher than the first year students (p = 0.01). The least commonly used step in clinical problem solving is evaluation. Along with other studies, this study also supports the influence of the educational process in the development of CPSA. Appropriate teaching strategies and role modelling by faculty should become an essential part in all nursing educational institutions.

  6. Evaluation of the industrial internship for the Diploma IT programme at DTU

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nyborg, Mads; Høgh, Stig; Lauridsen, Pia

    2012-01-01

    In this paper we present the result of analyzing data based on more than 5 years’ systematic collection of questionnaire survey data on the evaluation of the industrial internship for the Diploma IT programme at the Technical University of Denmark (DTU). Since 2005, we have been tutors for all...... students at Diploma IT. During this period we have systematically collected data from students and companies involved. In total 785 questionnaires have been analyzed, which offers a good foundation for judging the success of the internship and a great opportunity for learning from the results....... The questionnaires comprise various questions measuring the general level of satisfaction with the internship. The results in general show high satisfaction, both from perspective of the companies involved and from the students’ perspective. In addition to the satisfaction surveys, we have also collected data...

  7. Procedural aspects of the organization of the comprehensive European Board of Ophthalmology Diploma examination

    OpenAIRE

    Mathysen, Danny G.P.; Ringens, Peter J; Edoardo Midena; Artur Klett; Gordana Sunaric-Mégevand; Rafael Martinez-Costa; Denise Curtin; Marie-José Tassignon; Wagih Aclimandos; Catherine Creuzot-Garcher; Christina Grupcheva

    2016-01-01

    The comprehensive European Board of Ophthalmology Diploma (EBOD) examination is one of 38 European medical specialty examinations. This review aims at disclosing the specific procedures and content of the EBOD examination. It is a descriptive study summarizing the present organization of the EBOD examination. It is the 3rd largest European postgraduate medical assessment after anaesthesiology and cardiology. The master language is English for the Part 1 written test (knowledge test with 52 mo...

  8. The Understanding and Usage of Computer Among UniMAP's First Year Diploma Engineering Students

    OpenAIRE

    Syed Idrus, Syed Zulkarnain; Nordin, Norshahrizan

    2010-01-01

    International audience; Computer usage is vital especially in the new era of digital revolution. Users as young as kindergartens have been exposed to computers. Nevertheless, in primary and secondary schools, they are also utilising the computer systems and imparting knowledge and computer skills to their students. In UniMAP, the first year diploma students are all engineering students and can be considered as school leavers. Presumably, they might have some knowledge on computers regardless ...

  9. Smoking behaviour of student nurses enrolled in diploma, associate degree and undergraduate nursing programmes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rausch, J C; Zimmerman, G; Hopp, J; Lee, J

    1987-01-01

    Because the literature shows that cigarette smoking is a major causative factor in the occurrence of chronic illness, lung cancer is becoming more common in women than breast cancer, nurses smoke more than any other group of health care providers and studies have not examined differences of smoking among the associate degree, undergraduate and diploma levels of nursing, this study was designed to examine selected health behaviours and their relationship to cigarette use among Alabama senior student nurses, and to determine smoking prevalence by level of educational preparation. A sample of senior associate degree, undergraduate and diploma student nurses in Alabama responded to an 87-item questionnaire which was personally administered by the investigator in a classroom setting. Twenty-two of the 87 items were used to compile the demographics, prevalences and health behaviours reported here. The remaining items were used to develop a sequence of information required to test Ajzen and Fishbein's Theory of Reasoned Action and are beyond the scope of this article. Though there was no significant difference of smoking prevalence among educational levels, there was a trend for increased smoking from undergraduate to diploma level with prevalences of: total sample, 26.2%; diploma, 30%; associate degree, 26%; and undergraduate, 24%. Health behaviours which were significantly different between smoking and non-smoking student nurses were breakfast frequency and coffee consumption. Having a regular exercise routine was not significant. Males smoked significantly more than females. More older nurses (over 40 years) smoked than younger nurses. The findings reported here are useful to the development of health education strategies designed to reduce and prevent cigarette use among student nurses.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  10. Evaluation of diploma in bioethics programme, Karachi, Pakistan: An educational research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shamim, Muhammad Shahid; Shirazi, Bushra; Omair, Aamir

    2015-04-01

    To perform an outcome-based evaluation of the diploma programme initiated in 2006 at the Centre of Biomedical Ethics and Culture. The broad based evaluation was done at the Centre of Biomedical Ethics and Culture, Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation, Karachi, from July 2011 to June 2012 and comprised pass out batches from 2006 to 2010. Outcome logic model was applied through a questionnaire-based approach. Emails were sent to the graduates, containing a mix of closed and open-ended questions. Quantitative feedback was analysed for frequencies and percentages. Content analysis was conducted for open-ended responses. SPSS 19 was used for statistical analysis. Four batches had graduated in the five-year study period. A total of 50 students had been enrolled, while 41(82%) graduated. Of them, 31(76%) graduates responded. Overall, 10(24%) graduates completed their Masters in bioethics, and 16(39%) were involved in institutional ethics committee. All (100%) believed the diploma had increased their knowledge of ethics and they were involved in disseminating the acquired knowledge through presentations, seminars/conferences 29(93.5%), teaching and awareness activities 22(71%). Besides, 28(90%) respondents believed their behaviour had changed and 27(87%)were improving the quality of work and environment, while 18(58%) had published related articles after their diploma. The programme was found to have achieved its objective during the first five years of its inception.

  11. Gynaecological Endoscopic Surgical Education and Assessment. A diploma programme in gynaecological endoscopic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campo, Rudi; Wattiez, Arnaud; Tanos, Vasilis; Di Spiezio Sardo, Attilio; Grimbizis, Grigoris; Wallwiener, Diethelm; Brucker, Sara; Puga, Marco; Molinas, Roger; O'Donovan, Peter; Deprest, Jan; Van Belle, Yves; Lissens, Ann; Herrmann, Anja; Tahir, Mahmood; Benedetto, Chiara; Siebert, Igno; Rabischong, Benoit; De Wilde, Rudy Leon

    2016-04-01

    In recent years, training and education in endoscopic surgery has been critically reviewed. Clinicians, both surgeons as gynaecologist who perform endoscopic surgery without proper training of the specific psychomotor skills are at higher risk to increased patient morbidity and mortality. Although the apprentice-tutor model has long been a successful approach for training of surgeons, recently, clinicians have recognised that endoscopic surgery requires an important training phase outside the operating theatre. The Gynaecological Endoscopic Surgical Education and Assessment programme (GESEA), recognises the necessity of this structured approach and implements two separated stages in its learning strategy. In the first stage, a skill certificate on theoretical knowledge and specific practical psychomotor skills is acquired through a high stake exam; in the second stage, a clinical programme is completed to achieve surgical competence and receive the corresponding diploma. Three diplomas can be awarded: (a) the Bachelor in Endoscopy; (b) the Minimally Invasive Gynaecological Surgeon (MIGS); and (c) the Master level. The Master level is sub-divided into two separate diplomas: the Master in Laparoscopic Pelvic Surgery and the Master in Hysteroscopy. The complexity of modern surgery has increased the demands and challenges to surgical education and the quality control. This programme is based on the best available scientific evidence and it counteracts the problem of the traditional surgical apprentice tutor model. It is seen as a major step toward standardization of endoscopic surgical training in general.

  12. Mathematics at matriculation level as an indicator of success or failure in the 1st year of the Veterinary Nursing Diploma at the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Botha, A E; McCrindle, C M E; Owen, J H

    2003-12-01

    Mathematics at matriculation level (Grade 12) is one of the subjects required for admission to the Veterinary Nursing Diploma in the Faculty at Veterinary Science of the University of Pretoria. The present study shows that there is no statistically significant relationship between the grade of mathematics at matriculation level and the success or failure in the 1st year of study. There is, however, a statistical difference in the adjusted mark obtained for mathematics at matriculation level between the groups that passed and failed the 1st year of the veterinary nursing course. The results of this research are not consistent with other research which showed that secondary school mathematics results are not a significant factor in tertiary education. It is recommended that selection criteria for veterinary nurses should in future still include mathematics, but that cognisance should be taken of the mark obtained and students with higher marks (above 57%) given preference.

  13. Mathematics at matriculation level as an indicator of success or failure in the 1st year of the Veterinary Nursing Diploma at the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.E. Botha

    2003-07-01

    Full Text Available Mathematics at matriculation level (Grade 12 is one of the subjects required for admission to the Veterinary Nursing Diploma in the Faculty at Veterinary Science of the University of Pretoria. The present study shows that there is no statistically significant relationship between the grade of mathematics at matriculation level and the success or failure in the 1st year of study. There is, however, a statistical difference in the adjusted mark obtained for mathematics at matriculation level between the groups that passed and failed the 1st year of the veterinary nursing course. The results of this research are not consistent with other research which showed that secondary school mathematics results are not a significant factor in tertiary education. It is recommended that selection criteria for veterinary nurses should in future still include mathematics, but that cognisance should be taken of the mark obtained and students with higher marks (above 57 % given preference.

  14. Evaluation of the industrial internship for the Diploma IT programme at DTU

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nyborg, Mads; Høgh, Stig; Lauridsen, Pia

    2012-01-01

    students at Diploma IT. During this period we have systematically collected data from students and companies involved. In total 785 questionnaires have been analyzed, which offers a good foundation for judging the success of the internship and a great opportunity for learning from the results...... on remuneration during the internship and data on the number of students who had a job at the time of graduation. The last year of data collected, 2011, contains results from the new CDIO-based curriculum, which was launched in autumn 2008. This enables us to compare results for students enrolled in the old...

  15. Satellite NO2 retrievals suggest China has exceeded its NOx reduction goals from the twelfth Five-Year Plan

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Foy, Benjamin; Lu, Zifeng; Streets, David G.

    2016-01-01

    China’s twelfth Five-Year Plan included pollution control measures with a goal of reducing national emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx) by 10% by 2015 compared with 2010. Multiple linear regression analysis was used on 11-year time series of all nitrogen dioxide (NO2) pixels from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) over 18 NO2 hotspots in China. The regression analysis accounted for variations in meteorology, pixel resolution, seasonal effects, weekday variability and year-to-year variability. The NO2 trends suggested that there was an increase in NO2 columns in most areas from 2005 to around 2011 which was followed by a strong decrease continuing through 2015. The satellite results were in good agreement with the annual official NOx emission inventories which were available up until 2014. This shows the value of evaluating trends in emission inventories using satellite retrievals. It further shows that recent control strategies were effective in reducing emissions and that recent economic transformations in China may be having an effect on NO2 columns. Satellite information for 2015 suggests that emissions have continued to decrease since the latest inventories available and have surpassed the goals of the twelfth Five-Year Plan. PMID:27786278

  16. Satellite NO2 retrievals suggest China has exceeded its NOx reduction goals from the twelfth Five-Year Plan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Foy, Benjamin; Lu, Zifeng; Streets, David G

    2016-10-27

    China's twelfth Five-Year Plan included pollution control measures with a goal of reducing national emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx) by 10% by 2015 compared with 2010. Multiple linear regression analysis was used on 11-year time series of all nitrogen dioxide (NO2) pixels from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) over 18 NO2 hotspots in China. The regression analysis accounted for variations in meteorology, pixel resolution, seasonal effects, weekday variability and year-to-year variability. The NO2 trends suggested that there was an increase in NO2 columns in most areas from 2005 to around 2011 which was followed by a strong decrease continuing through 2015. The satellite results were in good agreement with the annual official NOx emission inventories which were available up until 2014. This shows the value of evaluating trends in emission inventories using satellite retrievals. It further shows that recent control strategies were effective in reducing emissions and that recent economic transformations in China may be having an effect on NO2 columns. Satellite information for 2015 suggests that emissions have continued to decrease since the latest inventories available and have surpassed the goals of the twelfth Five-Year Plan.

  17. Graduation Outcomes of Students Who Entered New York City Public Schools in Grade 5 or 6 as English Learner Students. REL 2017-237

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kieffer, Michael J.; Parker, Caroline E.

    2017-01-01

    This longitudinal study analyzes high school graduation outcomes of students who entered New York City public schools in grade 5 or 6 as English learner students. It extends the work of Kieffer and Parker (2016) by investigating the high school graduation rates and the types of diploma earned by the 1,734 students who entered New York City public…

  18. Exploration on the Integration of CAD Course and National CAD Grade Certi-fication Training

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Ting-ting; SHI Feng-qin

    2013-01-01

    Based on the syllabus and standard of National CAD Grade Certification issued by the Ministry of Education and China Figure Association, this paper discusses the teaching model of combining classroom teaching with skill grade certification in voca-tional college. To achieve the unity of classroom teaching and skill training can save training costs and increase the significance of classroom teaching. Implementation of integrating mechanical CAD curriculum and national CAD grade certification training is the extension of teaching reform. It can make the vocational college students obtain the professional qualification certificates besides di-plomas.

  19. Type of High-School Credentials and Older Age ADL and IADL Limitations: Is the GED Credential Equivalent to a Diploma?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Sze Yan; Chavan, Niraj R.; Glymour, M. Maria

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: Educational attainment is a robust predictor of disability in elderly Americans: older adults with high-school (HS) diplomas have substantially lower disability than individuals who did not complete HS. General Educational Development (GED) diplomas now comprise almost 20% of new HS credentials issued annually in the United States but it…

  20. STRATEGIC INTERVENTION OF ODL IN DIPLOMA IN YOUTH DEVELOPMENT WORKS IN BANGLADESH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Q. M. Bazlur RASHID

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Diploma in Youth Development Work (DYDW imparted through distance mode which was introduced at Bangladesh Open University (BOU in 1999 aiming at accessible and flexible learning opportunities to the young men and women involved in youth development activities and prepare the participating youth towards performing active and constructive role in the regeneration of their fellow youth to become effective partners in socio-economic development. The program feature and success and failure of the enrolled students have been discussed. Rural and urban, male and female, government and non-government, and gender issues were considered in the study for the enrolled students. Up to 2006, three cycles of the program have been completed and 25%, 27% and 16% of the students respectively of 1st, 2nd and 3rd cycle could successfully complete. The dropout rate of the 1st, 2nd and 3rd cycle were 51%, 41% and 67% respectively. The drop out rate is very high and increasing day by day. The reasons of high dropout rate might be due to language difficulty, lack of proper recommendation in high competitive job opportunities, lack of service incentives, financial support, scholarship/fellowship and recognition as cadre service by the Government. Service incentives to the diploma graduates have been suggested to reduce the attrition rate.

  1. INNOVATION OF TEXTBOOKS IN THE LIGHT OF THE GEOGRAPHICAL EDUCATIONAL CONCEPT IN THE IB DIPLOMA PROGRAMME

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    EWA JAWORSKA

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The concept of Geography textbooks in the IB Diploma Programme reflects the concept of geographical education in this programme. The choice of textbooks is quite a challenge for teachers, as they have to meet special conditions to reach objectives. Changes in curricula that take place every nine or ten years cause the continuous search for new concepts of textbooks. Numerous changes in subsequent editions of books show this. Their innovation can be assessed from the point of view of the Polish didactic concept as the other reference point makes it easy to draw attention to new, unusual and interesting elements. The main goal of the article is to assess the innovative elements of the textbooks used in the IB Diploma Programme from the points of view of teachers and students taking part in the programme. A reference to the concept of Polish books allows for reflective analysis of textbooks and their role in teaching and learning Geography. The author has carried out the survey and interview among six groups of students of High School No. 3 in Gdansk as well as among teachers in Poland working in the IB Programme. Despite the existence of many innovative elements, it cannot be clearly stated that IB textbooks fulfil all the expectations of their users. Some elements are criticized. It means that there are no ideal textbooks on the market but there are many successful attempts to improve their quality.

  2. Causal attribution for success and failure in mathematics among MDAB pre-diploma students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maidinsah, Hamidah; Embong, Rokiah; Wahab, Zubaidah Abd

    2014-07-01

    The Program Mengubah Destini Anak Bangsa (MDAB) is a pre-diploma programme catering to SPM school leavers who do not meet the minimum requirement to enter any of UiTM diploma programmes. The study aims to evaluate the perceptions of MDAB students toward the main causal attribution factors underlying students' success and failure in mathematics. Research sample comprised of 482 students from five UiTM branch campuses. Research instrument used was a set of GALUS questionnaire consisting of 36 items based on the Weiner Attribution Theory. Four causal attributions factors for success and failures evaluated are ability, effort, question difficulty and environment. GALUS reliability index was 0.93. The research found that effort appears to be the main causal attribution factor in students' success and failure in mathematics, followed by environment, question difficulty and ability. High achiever students strongly agree that the ability factor influenced their success while low achiever students strongly agree that all attributing factors influenced their failures in mathematics.

  3. The MDE Diploma: first international postgraduate specialization in model-driven engineering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cabot, Jordi; Tisi, Massimo

    2011-12-01

    Model-Driven Engineering (MDE) is changing the way we build, operate, and maintain our software-intensive systems. Several projects using MDE practices are reporting significant improvements in quality and performance but, to be able to handle these projects, software engineers need a set of technical and interpersonal skills that are currently not widely available. The MDE postgraduate diploma intends to fill this gap by offering a full-time one year formation onMDE. The course syllabus is designed to teach students how to work at a higher abstraction level by the rigorous use of (software) models as the main artifacts in all software engineering activities. Contents include the conceptual framework of MDE plus all techniques and tools (e.g. for defining modeling languages, models, and model transformations) required to successfully complete software engineering projects following a MDE approach. The organizational impact (and challenges) of adopting MDE are exemplified using real industrial experiences. This article describes the MDE Diploma and the lessons that we learned after completing its first edition.

  4. The knowledge and skills of pre-registration masters' and diploma qualified nurses: A preceptor perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Jennifer R; Wharrad, Heather; Barker, Janet; Chapple, Mary

    2011-01-01

    The role of nurse preceptor in the UK functions to support and nurture newly qualified staff during transition to accountable practitioners. Transition is a stressful time for all new staff, whether diplomates or graduates. Preceptors are in a prime position to assess the competence and confidence of new staff, and observe their fitness for practice. Studies show variable evidence concerning the benefit to practice of nurses with degree compared to diploma education. This exploratory study investigated preceptors' perceptions of differences in the knowledge and skills displayed by staff from a three-year Diploma programme (DNs), and four-year pre-registration Master in Nursing degree (MNs), run by one School of Nursing. In the first months DNs were said to exhibit more confidence in practical skills while MNs showed academic and analytic skills. Although DNs related well to patients, MNs were better able to communicate with professional colleagues. By six months MNs overtook DNs in their overall confidence. Preceptors valued both DNs and MNs for the skill mix they brought to nursing and the benefit of patient care. Further exploration of preceptors' views would inform education staff and advise preceptors and managers regarding newly qualified nurses.

  5. Attitudes to absenteeism among diploma nursing students in Ireland - an exploratory descriptive survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Timmins, Fiona; Kaliszer, Michael

    2002-10-01

    Nurse education within Ireland is currently in a transition period. October 2002 heralds the national implementation of a third-level four-year degree based programme for the preparation of nurses, to replace the current three-year diploma system. Anecdotally, one concern expressed by nurse educators regarding this move, is the regulation and monitoring of student non-attendance. This study explores the views of those involved in nurse education in Ireland to absenteeism among diploma nursing students to ascertain whether or not concern exists. The findings reveal absenteeism as a potential problem among nursing students. Most respondents agree that student attendance at both the practical and theoretical aspect of current education programmes is a problem. There is overwhelming agreement that student attendances while on the clinical area should be monitored, while the majority of respondents agree that attendance monitoring during lectures should take place. Some divergent views emerge among the lecturers and tutors with the lecturers seeming more 'liberal' on average than the tutors, reflecting perhaps the different traditions of their environments. Mostly however, the differences between the two groups are small and statistically insignificant. Overall responses indicate a continued commitment to monitoring and control of absenteeism in this population. Systematic policies need to be developed and enforced and key personnel need to be employed to support attendance monitoring in the third level setting.

  6. First grade teachers' team work skills and attitudes regarding the team work

    OpenAIRE

    Rožič, Melita

    2016-01-01

    The main topic of the diploma thesis is teamwork of the professional workers teaching in the first grade of primary school. The important part of the teamwork is that one feels committed and equal member of the team. Each member must develop a collaborative culture and good interpersonal relations, ability to adapt and communicate successfully. For effective and efficient teamwork it is important to know the basic dimensions of teamwork i.e. skills in the field of communication and conflict r...

  7. First grade teachers' team work skills and attitudes regarding the team work

    OpenAIRE

    Rožič, Melita

    2016-01-01

    The main topic of the diploma thesis is teamwork of the professional workers teaching in the first grade of primary school. The important part of the teamwork is that one feels committed and equal member of the team. Each member must develop a collaborative culture and good interpersonal relations, ability to adapt and communicate successfully. For effective and efficient teamwork it is important to know the basic dimensions of teamwork i.e. skills in the field of communication and conflict r...

  8. The Experiences of Advanced Placement and International Baccalaureate Diploma Program Participants: A Systematic Review of Qualitative Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Kelly; Caine, Vera; Wimmer, Randolph

    2014-01-01

    Enriched high school curricula like the Advanced Placement and International Baccalaureate Diploma programs are endorsed as "pathway programs" for postsecondary-bound students. Program participation is perceived to have benefits that appeal to a broad stakeholder group of universities, administrators, teachers, students, and parents. In…

  9. English Related Difficulties Experienced by Turkish Students Studying in a Dual Diploma ELT Program in the U.S.A.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yildirim, Ozgur

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate English language related difficulties experienced by 30 Turkish dual diploma students studying in an ELT (English Language Teaching) program established between a Turkish and an American university, and to see the effects of those difficulties on the students' adjustment process in the U.S.A. The data…

  10. The Experiences of Advanced Placement and International Baccalaureate Diploma Program Participants: A Systematic Review of Qualitative Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Kelly; Caine, Vera; Wimmer, Randolph

    2014-01-01

    Enriched high school curricula like the Advanced Placement and International Baccalaureate Diploma programs are endorsed as "pathway programs" for postsecondary-bound students. Program participation is perceived to have benefits that appeal to a broad stakeholder group of universities, administrators, teachers, students, and parents. In…

  11. The Relationship between Scores of Mathematics Knowledge and Teaching Practice of Diploma Mathematics Students: A Quest for Quality Assurance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adamu, L. E.

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to determine the relationship between scores in mathematics knowledge and teaching practice of Diploma mathematics students. A sample of 39 students was used. Two research questions and two hypotheses were asked and formulated respectively. An ex-post facto correlation design was used. The data were analyzed using…

  12. The emergence of a ‘diploma democracy’? The political education gap in the Netherlands, 1971-2010

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hakhverdian, A.; van der Brug, W.; de Vries, C.

    2012-01-01

    In recent work, Bovens and Wille (2010, 2011) state that the Netherlands has turned into a ‘diploma-democracy’. The core of their argument is that the higher educated have come to dominate political processes in the Netherlands. While the effect of education on political and civic participation is w

  13. 2008 Key Student Outcomes Indicators for BC Diploma, Associate Degree, and Certificate Programs: Survey Results by Institution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ministry of Advanced Education and Labour Market Development, 2009

    2009-01-01

    The BC Diploma, Associate Degree, and Certificate Student Outcomes (DACSO) Survey (formerly the BC College and Institute Student Outcomes Survey) collects and disseminates information about former students' post-secondary experiences and their subsequent labour market and further education experiences. The survey is administered annually to former…

  14. High Stakes Testing Policy Issues in Education: An Analysis of Litigation Involving High Stakes Testing and the Denial of Diplomas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winfield, Lisa M.

    2013-01-01

    This study analyzed the legal documents of cases involving the denial of a high school diploma as the result of not passing a high stakes exam in public education. The qualitative extrapolation of consistent themes in the court documents revealed information regarding the court's interpretation of the intersection of state authority to…

  15. First-Year Students' Perceptions of Extended National Diploma Programmes: The Case of a Comprehensive South African University (2012)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mavunga, George; Cachalia, Fahmida

    2014-01-01

    This study compared how the cohort of extended diploma students enrolled at a comprehensive South African university in 2012 perceived the programmes for which they were enrolled at the beginning of their first year and towards the end of the year. Data were gathered using questionnaires and semi-structured interviews involving students enrolled…

  16. Exploring Characteristics of Religious Affiliated Colleges Labeled "Diploma Mills": A Multi-Case Study of U.S. Court Decisions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Callahan, Laura L.

    2014-01-01

    Over 600 higher education institutions have been identified as alleged diploma mills by governmental authorities based on criteria set forth in U.S. federal law. The characteristics of religious colleges exempt from State oversight varied based on each States' higher education legislation and implementing policy. The U.S. Constitution was the core…

  17. 2008 Key Student Outcomes Indicators for BC Diploma, Associate Degree, and Certificate Programs: Survey Results by Institution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ministry of Advanced Education and Labour Market Development, 2009

    2009-01-01

    The BC Diploma, Associate Degree, and Certificate Student Outcomes (DACSO) Survey (formerly the BC College and Institute Student Outcomes Survey) collects and disseminates information about former students' post-secondary experiences and their subsequent labour market and further education experiences. The survey is administered annually to former…

  18. STRATEGI PEMASARAN PROGRAM STUDI DIPLOMA III USAHA PERJALANAN WISATA UNIVERSITAS JEMBER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margaretta Andini Nugroho

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available A marketing strategy is needed by Program Studi Diploma III Usaha Perjalanan Wisata (PS D-III UPW of Jember University, in order to increase more students. Since the last few years, the students of PS D-III UPW has been decreased. This study has the objective to identify strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of PS D-III UPW, and formulate the marketing strategy, by using analysis method of IFAS, EFAS, SWOT and QSPM. The result of IFAS and EFAS identify that PS D-III UPW has 16 factors of strength, 14 factors of weakness, 6 factors of opportunity and 3 factors of threat. The result of SWOT identifies some alternative strategies, which are technology information, student motivation, cooperation within tourism industry, promotion, facilities, competitive product, learning system, quality of human resource, and involvement of the students at Jember tourism events. The QSPM identifies that improvement of promotion as the first priority strategy.

  19. Launching the first postgraduate diploma in medical entomology and disease vector control in Pakistan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rathor, H R; Mnzava, A; Bile, K M; Hafeez, A; Zaman, S

    2010-01-01

    The Health Services Academy has launched a 12-month postgraduate diploma course in medical entomology and disease vector control. The objective is to create a core of experts trained to prevent and control vector-borne diseases. The course is a response to the serious health and socioeconomic burden caused by a number of vector-borne diseases in Pakistan. The persistence, emergence and re-emergence of these diseases is mainly attributed to the scarcity of trained vector-control experts. The training course attempts to fill the gap in trained manpower and thus reduce the morbidity and mortality due to these diseases, resulting in incremental gains to public health. This paper aims to outline the steps taken to establish the course and the perceived challenges to be addressed in order to sustain its future implementation.

  20. Assessing the Higher National Diploma Chemical Engineering programme in Ghana: students' perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boateng, Cyril D.; Cudjoe Bensah, Edem; Ahiekpor, Julius C.

    2012-05-01

    Chemical engineers have played key roles in the growth of the chemical and allied industries in Ghana but indigenous industries that have traditionally been the domain of the informal sector need to be migrated to the formal sector through the entrepreneurship and innovation of chemical engineers. The Higher National Diploma Chemical Engineering programme is being migrated from a subject-based to a competency-based curriculum. This paper evaluates the programme from the point of view of students. Data were drawn from a survey conducted in the department and were analysed using SPSS. The survey involved administering questionnaires to students at all levels in the department. Analysis of the responses indicated that the majority of the students had decided to pursue chemical engineering due to the career opportunities available. Their knowledge of the programme learning outcomes was, however, poor. The study revealed that none of the students was interested in developing indigenous industries.

  1. Evaluation of a part-time adult diploma nursing programme - 'Tailor-made' provision?

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Driscoll, Michael F; Smith, Pam A; Magnusson, Carin M

    2009-02-01

    Part-time pre-registration nursing programmes aim to widen participation to female mature students and to reduce tension between domestic and study roles by 'tailoring' provision to the perceived needs of this group but there is little evidence of whether these aims are achieved. Findings are presented from an evaluation of a part-time pre-registration adult diploma nursing programme which suggest that this programme was successful in widening participation to female mature students but did not succeed in reducing role conflict for female mature students. The authors relate these findings to the literature and conclude that that this second aspect of tailoring may be difficult to achieve due to socio-economic changes, particularly increased female participation in the workforce.

  2. Designing and Implementing a 5-Year Transfusion Medicine Diploma Program in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Tingting; Wang, Wenjing; Zhang, Ling; Zhou, Ye; Lai, Fucai; Fu, Yongshui; Wang, Chuanxi; Yang, Baocheng; Zhu, Weigang; Wu, Yanyun; Allain, Jean-Pierre; Stevens, Lori; Li, Chengyao

    2016-11-16

    The need for physicians and technical consultants specialized in transfusion medicine is urgent in China, as there are 20 000 hospitals and 500 blood centers in need of staff with this expertise. The progress made in transfusion medicine as a specialty has been relatively slow in China. Current Chinese medical education and service systems have not developed transfusion medicine as a stand-alone medical specialty. Most physicians receive only minimal training in transfusion medicine in medical school. This training is usually integrated into surgical training and addresses the most common technologies. In 2008, a 5-year bachelor's diploma program in transfusion medicine was established as an undergraduate specialty in Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China. This article intends to summarize the 8 years of experience educating undergraduates in the specialty of transfusion medicine.

  3. Design, implementation, and evaluation of a postgraduate Diploma in Surgical Anatomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stringer, Mark D; Lyall, Patrick

    2012-01-01

    After careful planning, a postgraduate Diploma in Surgical Anatomy was launched in 2009. This report describes the structure of the program, the challenges encountered in implementing and running the course, and results of evaluations. The qualification is targeted at junior doctors intending to become surgeons or radiologists and aims to equip them with a sound understanding of regional anatomy relevant to common diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, together with an understanding of common/important anatomical variations. The course is delivered by: (1) 24 weeks' distance learning, comprising selected readings, podcasts, multiple choice questions (MCQs), and research informed essays; and (2) two separate two-week periods of intensive campus-based learning and whole body dissection (four students per cadaver) assessed by oral examination, a class presentation of an anatomical variation, and formal MCQ examination. Campus-based instruction is delivered by two surgical anatomists with additional input from a broad range of specialist surgeons and radiologists. Anonymous student evaluations over three successive courses show that all components of the course were highly rated. The success of the program may relate to several factors: an emphasis on clinically relevant anatomy, clear learning objectives, personalized student feedback, a low student to cadaver ratio, restricted class size, a wide range of supportive material, a dedicated team of surgical/radiological instructors, efficient course administration, and endorsement by the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons. Establishing a Diploma in Surgical Anatomy program requires a dedicated team of individuals, the setting and maintenance of appropriate educational standards, and collaboration with the professional body regulating the training of surgeons.

  4. 高等教育文凭信号的成本与收益分析%Analysis on the Higher Education Diploma Signaling's Costs and Benefits

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺尊

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, the author analysed the higher education diploma signaling~ costs and benefits systematically, defined the connotation of the higher education diploma signaling costs and benefits, and estimated the higher education diploma signaling' s rate of return.%对高等教育文凭信号的成本与收益进行了系统分析,界定了高等教育文凭信号的发送成本与收益的内涵,并利用货币计量法对高等教育文凭信号的收益率进行了测算。

  5. Tumor Grade

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Other Funding Find NCI funding for small business innovation, technology transfer, and contracts Training Cancer Training at ... much of the tumor tissue has normal breast (milk) duct structures Nuclear grade : an evaluation of the ...

  6. United States Air Force Statistical Digest, Fiscal Year 1957. Twelfth Edition

    Science.gov (United States)

    1957-09-30

    11.2 2.5 10,353 16.~ 41.6 42.0 Interested In AV1.ation R1.d Fl;ying 1,431 97.6 1.6 0.8 2ll ~5.6 38.9 5.5 Securit ;y ~ AF tare 4,464 78.6 16.8 4.6 4,410...1952 THROUGH FY 1957 AGE OROUP GRADE TOTAL 17 2G 2’ ’G " 4G 4, ,G 55’nlrough - _""h - Through Through Through Thro»gh AndI, 24 2’ ," " .. 4, 54 oieee...181 4G 122 7 , 2 1 - - - Airman Third Class 116 59 50 4 2 1 - - - - Airman BasIc J1 15 12 , 1 - - - - - Aviation Cadet 10 - 10 - - - - - - - LAST HALP

  7. Energy drink use is associated with alcohol and substance use in eighth, tenth, and twelfth graders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kathryn Polak

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The increasing prevalence of energy drink (ED use and its link with negative behaviors and adverse health outcomes has garnered much attention. Use of EDs combined with alcohol among college students has been of particular interest. It is unclear if these relationships develop in the context of college, or if similar associations exist in younger individuals. The present study examined associations between ED consumption patterns and other substance use in an adolescent, school-based sample. Participants were N = 3743 students attending 8th, 10th or 12th grade in a suburban central Virginia public school system who completed a prevention needs assessment survey in 2012. Chi-square analyses and logistic regressions were used to compare rates of alcohol, tobacco and other drug use across three ED use groups: moderate/heavy (12.6%, light (30.5%, and non-users (57%. Over 40% of the sample reported recent (past month ED use, with males more likely to report moderate/heavy ED use than females (14.0% and 11.1%, respectively; p = 0.02. After adjusting for gender and grade, ED use group predicted lifetime alcohol, tobacco and other drug use (all p < 0.001. Moderate/heavy ED users were most likely and ED non-users were least likely to report using each of the 13 substances in the survey, with light ED users intermediate to the other two groups. Moderate/heavy ED users were consistently most likely to report licit and illicit substance use. Additional research is needed to better understand which adolescents are at greatest risk for adverse health behaviors associated with ED use.

  8. A Call for More Diploma Nurses to Attain a Baccalaureate Degree: Advancing the nursing profession in Oman

    OpenAIRE

    Joy K. Kamanyire; Susan Achora

    2015-01-01

    The healthcare needs of the Omani population are evolving, particularly with regards to changes in disease complexity, advances in technology and the enhanced delivery of healthcare services. Nurses now need to adapt to a fundamental shift in the provision of patient-centred care. In line with lifelong learning goals, registered nurses in Oman at the diploma level should seek to obtain a more advanced qualification, for instance a Bachelor of Science in Nursing, to ensure they pos...

  9. The student perspective on RN-Plus-10 legislation: a survey of associate degree and diploma nursing program students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maneval, Rhonda E; Teeter, Marilyn M

    2010-01-01

    This article reports on a survey of associate degree and diploma nursing students in Pennsylvania designed to elicit their future educational goals and opinions regarding proposed educational advancement legislation. Results indicated the majority of respondents (86.3 percent) planned to pursue the bachelor's degree in nursing; most (94.8 percent) hoped to be enrolled in a BSN program within four years of graduation. The majority (78.9 percent) indicated that even if they were mandated to complete the bachelor's degree in nursing within 10 years, they would still enroll in their current associate degree or diploma program. Asked if 10 years is a reasonable amount of time to complete the BSN, 79.4 percent agreed it is. If money were not an obstacle, 95.8 percent of participants indicated they would pursue a BSN or higher. The results of this survey suggest that the vast majority of associate degree and diploma nursing students value and hope to pursue higher education in nursing.

  10. Procedural aspects of the organization of the comprehensive European Board of Ophthalmology Diploma examination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mathysen, Danny G P; Ringens, Peter J; Midena, Edoardo; Klett, Artur; Sunaric-Mégevand, Gordana; Martinez-Costa, Rafael; Curtin, Denise; Tassignon, Marie-José; Aclimandos, Wagih; Creuzot-Garcher, Catherine; Grupcheva, Christina

    2016-01-01

    The comprehensive European Board of Ophthalmology Diploma (EBOD) examination is one of 38 European medical specialty examinations. This review aims at disclosing the specific procedures and content of the EBOD examination. It is a descriptive study summarizing the present organization of the EBOD examination. It is the 3rd largest European postgraduate medical assessment after anaesthesiology and cardiology. The master language is English for the Part 1 written test (knowledge test with 52 modified type X multiple-choice questions) (in the past the written test was also available in French and German). Ophthalmology training of minimum 4 years in a full or associated European Union of Medical Specialists (UEMS) member state is a prerequisite. Problem-solving skills are tested in the Part 2 oral assessment, which is a viva of 4 subjects conducted in English with support for native language whenever feasible. The comprehensive EBOD examination is one of the leading examinations organized by UEMS European Boards or Specialist Sections from the point of number of examinees, item banking, and item contents.

  11. Procedural aspects of the organization of the comprehensive European Board of Ophthalmology Diploma examination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danny G.P. Mathysen

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The comprehensive European Board of Ophthalmology Diploma (EBOD examination is one of 38 European medical specialty examinations. This review aims at disclosing the specific procedures and content of the EBOD examination. It is a descriptive study summarizing the present organization of the EBOD examination. It is the 3rd largest European postgraduate medical assessment after anaesthesiology and cardiology. The master language is English for the Part 1 written test (knowledge test with 52 modified type X multiple-choice questions (in the past the written test was also available in French and German. Ophthalmology training of minimum 4 years in a full or associated European Union of Medical Specialists (UEMS member state is a prerequisite. Problem-solving skills are tested in the Part 2 oral assessment, which is a viva of 4 subjects conducted in English with support for native language whenever feasible. The comprehensive EBOD examination is one of the leading examinations organized by UEMS European Boards or Specialist Sections from the point of number of examinees, item banking, and item contents.

  12. A Needs-Based Curriculum Review for Diploma in Pharmacy Programme at a Malaysian University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Long CM, Lee WL, Iylia RR & Aishah A

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Programmed, systematic and structured curriculum review isessential to ensure quality professional education. Curriculumevaluation enables the institution to validate the compliance ofdidactic and experiential strategies with the current needs andfuture demand of the profession. The four conceptions ofcurriculum as highlighted by Ewell namely designedcurriculum, expectational curriculum, delivered curriculumand the experienced curriculum must be evaluated for aneffective curriculum review [1]. Involvement of stakeholders incurriculum review is essential.In Malaysia, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM is the onlypublic sector university together with 19 private collegesoffering a three year (six-semester Diploma in Pharmacyaccredited by Malaysian Qualifications Agency (MQA[2]. Theprogram was first started in 1996. The construct of first twoyears is didactic and laboratory practical based. However, inthe final year (3rd year students are exposed to theexperiential hospital based training and research projects.Faculty of Pharmacy, UiTM reviews the curriculum every threeyears. In an attempt to develop a “Needs Based” curriculum across sectional survey was undertaken to assess knowledgeand skills required to become a competent Pharmacy assistant.Structured validated questionnaires were mailed torandomly chosen 8 hospitals across Malaysia along with adetailed cover letter explaining the purpose of the study. Thesample consisted of pharmacists and pharmacy assistants whowere willing to participate in the study.

  13. Diploma students’ perspective: Pursue or not to pursue a degree in accountancy?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Awab Nor’aini

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This is an exploratory study which investigates the reasons influencing Diploma in Accountancy (DIA students’ intention to pursue or not pursue a Bachelor of Accountancy (BAcc degree programme. The Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA is used as a basis for the study. The research involves collecting primary data through survey questionnaires. 250 questionnaires were distributed to the final year DIA students in MARA Professional College. Based on the findings, the reasons that influence students’ intention to pursue are: the hope to earn a good salary, higher future earnings potential and greater employability in the future. In contrast, the reasons for non-pursuance of a BAcc programme are because students think that they can develop their potential for personal growth and career development with other degree programmes or they want to get jobs and start working after obtaining the DIA. These findings would be useful to the Ministry of Education, the universities as well as the professional bodies to ensure that the students continue their studies in the accounting discipline to achieve their full potential.

  14. [Health and humanization Diploma: the value of reflection and face to face learning].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez-Gutiérrez, Javiera; Magliozzi, Pietro; Torres, Patricio; Soto, Mauricio; Walker, Rosa

    2015-03-01

    In a rapidly changing culture like ours, with emphasis on productivity, there is a strong need to find the meaning of health care work using learning instances that privilege reflection and face to face contact with others. The Diploma in Health and Humanization (DSH), was developed as an interdisciplinary space for training on issues related to humanization. To analyze the experience of DSH aiming to identify the elements that students considered key factors for the success of the program. We conducted a focus group with DSH graduates, identifying factors associated with satisfaction. Transcripts were coded and analyzed by two independent reviewers. DSH graduates valued a safe space, personal interaction, dialogue and respect as learning tools of the DSH. They also appreciates the opportunity to have emotional interactions among students and between them and the teacher as well as the opportunity to share personal stories and their own search for meaning. DSH is a learning experience in which their graduates value the ability to think about their vocation and the affective interaction with peers and teachers. We hope to contribute to the development of face to face courses in the area of humanization. Face to face methodology is an excellent teaching technique for contents related to the meaning of work, and more specifically, to a group of learners that require affective communication and a personal connection of their work with their own values and beliefs.

  15. Development of a mentorship program for freshman nursing students enrolled in a diploma-level curriculum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fogle, Maureen

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate a mentorship program for freshman nursing students enrolled in a diploma program. This phenomenological research study utilized several processes in data analysis and interpretation: (a) a comprehensive literature search, (b) development of a mentorship model using a 7-step process for data gathering and interpretation, (c) development of an education module for mentors, (c) the use of an existing validated survey, (d) development of 3 surveys, and (e) administration of the surveys. Results of the study indicated that the mentorship program should be part of the Mercy School of Nursing (MSON) curriculum as an elective rather than a requirement for all freshman nursing students. In addition, the effects of mentorships should be examined in terms of (a) retention rates, (b) productivity, (c) employee satisfaction, and (d) cost. Also, the mentorship program should be extended to the nursing staffs at other health care facilities that accommodate MSON students. Finally, future research of this topic should be more extensive and include a larger sample size to offset the effects of student attritions during their semesters.

  16. The impact of attaining the Welsh Baccalaureate Advanced Diploma on academic performance in bioscience higher education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yhnell, Emma; Wood, Heather; Baker, Mathew; Amici-Dargan, Sheila; Taylor, Chris; Randerson, Peter; Shore, Andrew

    2016-01-01

    Since the introduction of the Welsh Baccalaureate Advanced Diploma Qualification (WBQ) in 2003, an increasing number of students are applying to higher education institutions (HEIs) with this qualification. The advanced-level WBQ is regarded as equivalent to one General Certificate of Education A-Level (GCE A-Level). This study assesses the impact of attaining the WBQ in addition to three GCE A-Levels on overall university degree performance in comparison to attaining four GCE A-Levels, in three cohorts of undergraduate students (Year 1 = 318, Year 2 = 280, Year 3 = 236) studying Biosciences from 2005 to 2011 at a UK HEI. Binary logistic regression was used to compare the academic attainment of students who had achieved four GCE A-Levels to those who had achieved three GCE A-Levels in addition to the WBQ. Comparisons were also made between students who had achieved three GCE A-Levels and those who had achieved three GCE A-Levels in addition to the WBQ. The results suggest that students who achieved the WBQ qualification in its current form, in addition to three GCE A-Levels, performed less well academically in undergraduate studies than those who achieved four GCE A-Levels. Furthermore, this effect was still present when the balance between coursework and examination was considered, and when students who had achieved the WBQ in addition to three GCE A-Levels were compared to students who had achieved three GCE A-Levels.

  17. Developing merged CDIO based curricula for diploma (B.Eng.) IT study programs at DTU

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nyborg, Mads; Probst, Christian W.; Stassen, Flemming

    2015-01-01

    Starting 2007, the Danish government drew up a new map of universities through a process of mergers of a number of universities and research institutions (UFM 2007), as part of the national innovation strategy. In the beginning of 2013, the Engineering College Copenhagen (IHK, now DTU Ballerup) m......; • Involvement of stakeholders in designing the new curricula; • Introduction of a common interdisciplinary innovation course in the programs; and • Education of teaching staff: Integration into one organization.......Starting 2007, the Danish government drew up a new map of universities through a process of mergers of a number of universities and research institutions (UFM 2007), as part of the national innovation strategy. In the beginning of 2013, the Engineering College Copenhagen (IHK, now DTU Ballerup......) merged with the Technical University of Denmark (DTU Lyngby). The goal of the merger was to educate ever more innovative diploma engineers to fulfill the needs by Danish industry through combining a practice-oriented development environment and a research-oriented environment. Merging a university...

  18. Bypass Flow Computations using a One-Twelfth Symmetric Sector For Normal Operation in a 350 MWth VHTR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Richard W. Johnson; Hiroyuki Sato

    2010-10-01

    Significant uncertainty exists about the effects of bypass flow in a prismatic gas-cooled very high temperature reactor (VHTR). Bypass flow is the flow in the gaps between prismatic graphite blocks in the core. The gaps are present because of variations in their construction, imperfect installation and expansion and shrinkage from thermal heating and neutron fluence. Calculations are performed using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) for flow of the helium coolant in the gap and coolant channels along with conjugate heat generation and heat transfer in the fuel compacts and graphite. A commercial CFD code is used for all of the computations. A one-twelfth sector of a standard hexagonal block column is used for the CFD model because of its symmetry. Various scenarios are computed by varying the gap width from zero to 5 mm, varying the total heat generation rate to examine average and peak radial generation rates and variation of the graphite block geometry to account for the effects of shrinkage caused by irradiation. The calculations are for a 350 MWth prismatic reactor. It is shown that the effect of increasing gap width, while maintaining the same total mass flow rate, causes increased maximum fuel temperature while providing significant cooling to the near-gap region. The maximum outlet coolant temperature variation is increased by the presence of gap flow and also by an increase in total heat generation with a gap present. The effect of block shrinkage is actually to decrease maximum fuel temperature compared to a similar reference case.

  19. Bypass Flow Computations using a One-Twelfth Symmetric Sector For Normal Operation in a 350 MWth VHTR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Richard W. Johnson; Hiroyuki Sato

    2012-10-01

    Significant uncertainty exists about the effects of bypass flow in a prismatic gas-cooled very high temperature reactor (VHTR). Bypass flow is the flow in the gaps between prismatic graphite blocks in the core. The gaps are present because of variations in their construction, imperfect installation and expansion and shrinkage from thermal heating and neutron fluence. Calculations are performed using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) for flow of the helium coolant in the gap and coolant channels along with conjugate heat generation and heat transfer in the fuel compacts and graphite. A commercial CFD code is used for all of the computations. A one-twelfth sector of a standard hexagonal block column is used for the CFD model because of its symmetry. Various scenarios are computed by varying the gap width from zero to 5 mm, varying the total heat generation rate to examine average and peak radial generation rates and variation of the graphite block geometry to account for the effects of shrinkage caused by irradiation. The calculations are for a 350 MWth prismatic reactor. It is shown that the effect of increasing gap width, while maintaining the same total mass flow rate, causes increased maximum fuel temperature while providing significant cooling to the near-gap region. The maximum outlet coolant temperature variation is increased by the presence of gap flow and also by an increase in total heat generation with a gap present. The effect of block shrinkage is actually to decrease maximum fuel temperature compared to a similar reference case.

  20. Conducting international diploma course on malaria program planning and management (1996-2012.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Reza Mesdaghinia

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Malaria is still a public health problem in the world. One of the main objectives of World Health organization is capacity building of authorities who are involved with malaria control activities.The first course was conducted in 1996 in Bandar Abbas Training center. The course was conducted jointly by the Ministry of Health and Medical Education of Iran, WHO-EMRO and School of Public health, Tehran university of Medical Sciences. In year 2002, Iran has been designated as WHO regional Malaria Training Center. Prior to initiate the course, pre-test evaluations including 11 subjects were carried out. The examinations include multiple choice questions. Different methods of teaching including lecture, laboratory, workshop, team work, field exercise and presentation were used. The duration of the course was 9 weeks. A total of 360 contact hours were taught. The main subjects were Basic epidemiology and Simple Statistics, Malaria Parasitology, Malaria disease Management, Malaria Entomology, Vector Control, Epidemiological approach, Filed work and Planning. The requirement for achievement of the course was to have at least 60% of the total mark for awarding the diploma certificate. The 13th course was conducted by the financial support of Islamic Development Bank (IDB.A total of 300 participants from 26 different countries have been graduated from these courses so far.This course is providing the skill for decision making, how to combat against malaria in their country and is parallel to the policy of the malaria control for capacity building in malarious areas of the world.

  1. Fiscal transfers based on inputs or outcomes? Lessons from the Twelfth and Thirteenth Finance Commission in India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, Victoria Y; Iyer, Smriti; Kapur, Avani; Mahbub, Rifaiyat; Mukherjee, Anit

    2017-08-30

    There is limited empirical evidence about the efficacy of fiscal transfers for a specific purpose, including for health which represents an important source of funds for the delivery of public services especially in large populous countries such as India. To examine two distinct methodologies for allocating specific-purpose centre-to-state transfers, one using an input-based formula focused on equity and the other using an outcome-based formula focused on performance. We examine the Twelfth Finance Commission (12FC)'s use of Equalization Grants for Health (EGH) as an input-based formula and the Thirteenth Finance Commission (13FC)'s use of Incentive Grants for Health (IGH) as an outcome-based formula. We simulate and replicate the allocation of these two transfer methodologies and examine the consequences of these fiscal transfer mechanisms. The EGH placed conditions for releasing funds, but states varied in their ability to meet those conditions, and hence their allocations varied, eg, Madhya Pradesh received 100% and Odisha 67% of its expected allocation. Due to the design of the IGH formula, IGH allocations were unequally distributed and highly concentrated in 4 states (Manipur, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Nagaland), which received over half the national IGH allocation. The EGH had limited impact in achieving equalization, whereas the IGH rewards were concentrated in states which were already doing better. Greater transparency and accountability of centre-to-state allocations and specifically their methodologies are needed to ensure that allocation objectives are aligned to performance. © 2017 The Authors. The International Journal of Health Planning and Management published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  2. Bypass flow computations using a one-twelfth symmetric sector for normal operation in a 350 MWth prismatic VHTR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johnson, Richard W., E-mail: rich.johnson@inl.gov [Idaho National Laboratory, P.O. Box 1625, M.S. 3855, Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Sato, Hiroyuki, E-mail: sato.hiroyuki09@jaea.go.jp [Idaho National Laboratory, P.O. Box 1625, M.S. 3855, Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

    2012-10-15

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer CFD calculations are made of bypass flow between graphite blocks in VHTR. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Parameters varied include bypass gap width, heat generation and geometry. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Bypass flow causes lateral temperature gradients in graphite block. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Bypass flow causes increases in max fuel and coolant temperatures. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Bypass flow causes large increase in outlet coolant temperature variation - Abstract: Significant uncertainty exists about the effects of bypass flow in a prismatic gas-cooled very high temperature reactor (VHTR). Bypass flow is the flow in the gaps between prismatic graphite blocks in the core. The gaps are present because of variations in graphite block construction, imperfect installation and expansion and shrinkage from thermal heating and neutron fluence. Calculations are performed using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) for flow of the helium coolant in the gap and coolant channels along with conjugate heat generation and heat transfer in the fuel compacts and core graphite. A commercial CFD code is used for all of the computations. A one-twelfth sector of a standard hexagonal block column is used for the CFD model because of its symmetry. Various scenarios are investigated including varying the gap width, varying the total heat generation between average and peak rates and varying the graphite block geometry to account for the effects of shrinkage caused by irradiation. The calculations are for a 350 MWth prismatic reactor. It is shown that the effect of increasing gap width, while maintaining the same total mass flow rate, causes increased maximum fuel temperature while providing significant cooling to the near-gap region. The maximum outlet coolant temperature variation is increased by the presence of gap flow and also by an increase in total heat generation. The effect of block shrinkage is actually to decrease maximum

  3. An exploratory curriculum analysis of thirteen virtual schools, online homeschools and online curriculum providers' science curriculum from kindergarten through twelfth grade

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Dussy L.

    2007-12-01

    The purpose of this study is to describe and examine various Internet-based science curricula in terms of their educational value and comprehensiveness. Thirteen online homeschool providers' science curricula were analyzed through an examination of the content and organization of instruction and through a comparison with the seven National Science Education Standards (NSES) in order to assess the pedagogical and developmental appropriateness of online science curriculum, to find the ideological perspectives exhibited by each curriculum, and to identify implications for the future of homeschooling regarding children who use an online science curriculum as the basis of their science education. The results reveal that only a few online schools incorporate all seven NSES in their science curriculum; most online schools' content and instruction have a traditional/behavioral perspective; and the Systematizer theoretical perspective was prevalent in online schools' science curricula. This study investigates the issue of whether online homeschooling can accurately be termed homeschooling. A discussion of education and schooling according to Holt (1976), Illich (1972), and Moore and Moore (1975) explore this issue. The findings from this discussion suggest that the online homeschool movement may be an undiscovered form of "schooling" and that parents, educators, researchers, curriculum developers, and specialists should be aware of the implications online homeschooling has on homeschooling's philosophy of education.

  4. Use of photography to support the learning process of science teachers of ninth through twelfth grades in the schools of Kuwait

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alenizi, Abdulaziz

    The purpose of the study was to investigate the relevance of teachers in Kuwait when utilizing photographic aids in the classroom. Specifically, this study assessed learning outcomes of teachers amongst high school students in schools at Kuwait. The learning outcomes were then compared with teachers who are barred from using photographic aids. The research utilized a descriptive quantitative research design. The number of participants was limited to an acceptable number in the range of 250--300. Data were collected through a questionnaire and analyses were conducted using various types of statistical designs for interpretation, specifically Spearman correlation analysis. The study revealed that visual media such as images and photographs made it easy for the students to understand the concepts of science subjects, specifically biology, physics, and chemistry. Visual media should be included in the curriculum to enhance the comprehension level of students. The government of Kuwaiti, therefore, should to encourage the use of visual aids in schools to enhance learning. The research did not indicate a capacity of skills students and teachers can employ effectively when using visual aids. There also remains a gap between possessing the skills and applying them in the school. Benefits associated with visuals aids in teaching are evident in the study. With the adoption of audio-visual methods of learning, students are presented with opportunities to develop their own ideas and opinions, thus boosting their own interpersonal skills while at the same time questioning the authenticity and relevance of the concepts at hand. The major merit of audio-visual platforms in classroom learning is they cause students to break complex science concepts into finer components that can be easily understood.

  5. Know the Code. Twelfth Grade--Principles of American Democracy Lesson. Schools of California Online Resources for Education (SCORE): Connecting California's Classrooms to the World.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacDonald, David R.

    In response to campus crime schools across the United States have instituted rigorous dress codes, and, in some cases, have required students to wear uniforms to school. The president of the local school board has received petitions from several groups wishing to speak at the next school board meeting. The president's political survival rests upon…

  6. Which Country Will Make You the Most Money? Ninth-Twelfth Grade Activity. Schools of California Online Resources for Education (SCORE): Connecting California's Classrooms to the World.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drieberg, Denver

    Foreign Currency Exchange is the largest business in the world. The New York Institute of Finance estimates that somewhere around 1.5 trillion dollars changes hands every 24 hours. The trading of international currencies has made overnight millionaires. No other marketplace in the world can give a person more significant opportunity to make money…

  7. Pedal Power Goes Global. Twelfth Grade Economics Lesson Plan. Schools of California Online Resources for Education (SCORE): Connecting California's Classrooms to the World.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antillas, Madeline

    Many factors must be considered when a company decides to market its product in another country. It must research the targeted country to determine if there is a demand for the product, decide on product modifications needed to match the new market, and develop a plan to market and distribute the product in this new business environment. In this…

  8. The Bill of Rights. Twelfth Grade--Principles of American Democracy Lesson. Schools of California Online Resources for Education (SCORE): Connecting California's Classrooms to the World.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Houghton, Robert

    When George Washington was sworn in as the first President of the United States on April 30, 1789, the U.S. Constitution had already been ratified, yet the future of the new country was at risk. Some people wanted a bill of rights added to the U.S. Constitution to guarantee individual liberties. Two groups opposed each other--the Federalists…

  9. View of parents on the teamwork between the pre-school teacher and primary-school teacher in the first grade of primary school.

    OpenAIRE

    Jakša, Ivana

    2015-01-01

    For this diploma thesis, I have researched teamwork in education and its psychological and other dimensions. The style of teaching in the first grade of primary school was substantially changed with the introduction of the nine-year programme and the inclusion of childcare workers in the teaching process. Teamwork became the statutory approach. Individual teaching was replaced with work in tandem, which includes team planning, team teaching and team evaluation. In my research, I was intereste...

  10. A summary of the Proceedings of the Twelfth International Symposium on the Neurobiology and Neuroendocrinology of Aging, Bregenz, Austria July 27-August 1, 2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown-Borg, Holly M; Borg, Kurt E

    2015-08-01

    A summary of the Twelfth International Symposium on the Neurobiology and Neuroendocrinology of Aging that was held July 27-August 1, 2014 in Bregenz, Austria, is presented. Fifteen of the speakers that presented at the conference submitted review papers covering the topic of their presentation as well as an overview of their respective fields and are included in this special issue. The abstracts from each poster presentation as well as seven of the speakers' abstracts are also included at the end of the preface to the special issue.

  11. Teaching heat and temperature using infrared camera in 5th grade

    OpenAIRE

    Debevec, Katja

    2016-01-01

    Pupils in primary school encounter and start learning about terms such as heat flux, heat and temperature in 5th grade. These terms cannot be seen with the naked eye, and therefore it takes more effort to be able to explain them to the pupils. Especially the terms heat and temperature often cause misconceptions. In the diploma thesis there is an overview of how often the terms heat and temperature appear in the primary school curriculum, and an overview of the most common false perceptio...

  12. Improving Grading Consistency through Grade Lift Reporting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Millet, Ido

    2010-01-01

    We define Grade Lift as the difference between average class grade and average cumulative class GPA. This metric provides an assessment of how lenient the grading was for a given course. In 2006, we started providing faculty members individualized Grade Lift reports reflecting their position relative to an anonymously plotted school-wide…

  13. Evaluation of the Learning Environment for Diploma in Family Medicine with the Dundee Ready Education Environment (DREEM) Inventory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, A Sattar; Akturk, Zekeriya; Al-Megbil, Tarek

    2010-11-29

    The primary healthcare system is at a turning point in Saudi Arabia. However, the sustainability of family medicine as the core element of that system is increasingly being called into question because of lack of family physicians. In keeping view this problem; a postgraduate diploma program in family medicine has started in 2008. A validated measure of educational environment i.e., Dundee Ready Education Environment (DREEM) questionnaire consisting of 50 questions having five domains of perception was administered to all 13 trainees of the diploma course at the completion of the program to check their perception about learning evironment. The trainees comprised of 4 males (40%) and 6 females (60%). The overall score showed more positive than negative side (147/200). There is no significant difference (P > 0.05) in the mean scores of five different domains of perception. The subclasses of five domains showed that teaching perceived as positive by 50%, moving towards right direction by 80%, feeling more positive by 50%, positive attitude by 80% and the 70% scored the course as not too bad. The overall high score and positive attitude towards the course assures the better teaching environment. However, there are areas to improve and it requires continuous evaluation.

  14. Report on the results of the twelfth medical examination of atomic bomb survivors residing in North America

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yamamoto, Yasuji [Hiroshima Prefectural Medical Association (Japan); Ohama, Koso; Fujiwara, Saeko (and others)

    2000-06-01

    The twelfth medical examination of atomic bomb survivors residing in North America, was conducted in San Francisco and Seattle from May 20 through June 2 1999, and in Los Angeles and Hawaii from June 9 through 23 1999, The examination included an interview, measurement of height, weight, and blood pressure, an ECG, urine and stool tests, blood tests, a physical examination, examination of the breast, thyroid, and rectum by a surgeon, and screening for uterine cancer and a gynecological interview and examination by an obstetrician and gynecologist. The total confirmed number of A-bomb survivors residing in North America as of the end of June 1999 was 1076. Of the 1062 survivors that remained after excluding the 14 subjects whose survey was incomplete, 279 males and 654 females had been exposed in Hiroshima, and 10 males and 119 females in Nagasaki. The peak age at the time of exposure in both sexes was 15-19 years, followed by 10-14 years. The number of survivors exposed <2000 m from the hypocenter was 236, accounting for 21.9% of the total. The confirmed number of survivors exposed in utero was 26. The survivors' age (mean {+-}S.D.) was: 69.0{+-}8.69 years; males, 68.4{+-}80.5 years; females, 69.2{+-}8.91 years. A total of 414 survivors were examined (male 129; female 285; mean age 68.0 years). Approximately 80% of the examinees had experienced at least one general symptom. Many still complain of symptoms that suggest possible posttraumatic stress disorder as a result of exposure to the A-bomb. It will be necessary to consider providing mental health care by psychiatrists beginning with the next examination. The prevalence of life-style diseases has been gradually increased with age. A previous history of cancer was found in 9.2% of the examinees. The most prevalent was of breast cancer, followed by malignant tumors of the colon, rectum, uterus, brain, stomach, and thyroid. The need for cancer screening and promotion of life-style education was keenly felt. (K.H.)

  15. The International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme in U.S. Catholic High Schools: An Answer to the Church's Call to Global Solidarity

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, John

    2012-01-01

    The International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme provides an academically challenging curriculum that when combined with moral and religious formation prepares graduates of Catholic secondary schools to succeed in college and to live as Christian citizens in an interconnected global society. Although the financial cost of the program is high,…

  16. Perceptions of Administrators, Special Education Teachers, and General Education Teachers Concerning the Diploma Decision-Making Process for Students with Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hybl, Kathleen

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the perceptions of secondary IEP team members (i.e., administrators, special education teachers, and general education teachers) from one Virginia school district regarding the diploma decision-making process for students with disabilities. Using a qualitative, multi-case approach incorporating three phases of analysis (i.e.,…

  17. "Because Uni Is Totally Different than What You Do at TAFE": Protective Strategies and Provisions for Diploma Students Traversing Their First Professional Experience Placement at University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadley, Fay; Andrews, Rebecca

    2015-01-01

    Students who enrol in a Bachelor of Education (Early Childhood Education) at the Institute of Early Childhood, Macquarie University, with a Diploma in Children's Services attained from a Technical and Further Education (TAFE) institution or a Registered Training Organisation (RTO) often experience challenges in their first professional experience…

  18. Individual Characteristics of Students with and without Disabilities Who Received a Waiver for the Requirements Necessary to Earn a Standard Diploma: A Study of One System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cantrell, David Jay

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of individual characteristics to include disability status, age, gender, and race-ethnicity on receiving a waiver from one or more of the requirements for receipt of the standard diploma among students with and without disabilities. Student data was drawn from a large, international…

  19. Social Reproduction and the Student Decision to Follow the Louisiana Career/Basic Core Diploma Path at a Large, Affluent High School in Northeastern Louisiana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whittock, Tammy

    2013-01-01

    Through this mixed-method study, the researcher investigated social reproduction in a student's decision to follow the Louisiana Career/Basic Core Diploma Path. In 2008-2009, Louisiana's cohort graduation rate was 67.3%, which was well below the national average of 75.5%, ranking Louisiana forty-sixth in the country. This rate led to the…

  20. AUTOMATIZAR LOS EXÁMENES DEL DIPLOMA DE ESPAÑOL COMO LENGUA EXTRANJERA (DELE: ¿UTOPÍA O REALIDAD? AUTOMATIZING THE DIPLOMA OF SPANISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE TESTS (DELE: UTOPIA OR REALITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JESÚS GARCÍA LABORDA

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo trata de mostrar las dificultades y beneficios, tanto desde la perspectiva institucional como desde la del usuario, de automatizar el Diploma de Español como Lengua Extranjera (DELE. El artículo trata sobre cuestiones lingüísticas e informáticas tales como el diseño web, las realidades del uso de la lengua y, por encima de todo, muestra la necesidad de la implementación de dicho proyecto. Asimismo, muestra que si el examen de DELE se pusiera en funcionamiento, debería satisfacer tres áreas: diseño, cuestiones de la lengua y la mejora y adecuación tecnológica. En este sentido, la puesta en funcionamiento de un examen asistido por ordenador puede ser vista como una herramienta beneficiosa que permite evaluar las cuatro destrezas tradicionales más el uso de la lengua de manera más eficiente que el sistema actual de papel y lápiz.This paper aims at showing the constraints and benefits both from an institutional and the test user’s perspectives of automatizing the Diploma in Spanish as a Foreign Language (DELE. The article addresses computational and language issues such as web design, language use realities and, overall, it proves the need to implement such a project. It also shows that whether the DELE exam is to put into functioning, it needs to satisfy these three areas: design, language scope and technology improvement and adequacy. In this sense, the implementation of a computer based test may be seen as a beneficial tool that permits to evaluate the four traditional skills plus language use more efficiently than the current pencil & paper system.

  1. Planning a career as a children's nurse: the availability of career guidance during the nurse diploma course.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cox, Susanne J; Robinson, Sarah; Murrells, Trevor

    2003-12-01

    The recruitment and retention of registered children's nurses is paramount to the implementation of the national service framework for children's services. In recent years there have been increased career opportunities for children's nurses and a diversity of career pathways. Career guidance has a potential contribution to make to the effective management of nurses' careers. This article presents findings on child health diplomates' experiences of career guidance during the nurse diploma course. Findings indicate a substantial unmet demand for career guidance. The implications of the findings for child health nurses' careers are discussed and considered in relation to two key questions: should efforts be directed towards ensuring greater provision of career guidance, and if so, by whom?

  2. A Call for More Diploma Nurses to Attain a Baccalaureate Degree; Advancing the nursing profession in Oman

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joy K. Kamanyire

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The healthcare needs of the Omani population are evolving, particularly with regards to changes in disease complexity, advances in technology and the enhanced delivery of healthcare services. Nurses now need to adapt to a fundamental shift in the provision of patient-centred care. In line with lifelong learning goals, registered nurses in Oman at the diploma level should seek to obtain a more advanced qualification, for instance a Bachelor of Science in Nursing, to ensure they possess the requisite skills and knowledge to keep abreast of new developments in healthcare management. Challenges involved in this transition and suggestions to overcome these potential obstacles are discussed in this article in order to inform nursing education stakeholders. Recommendations to ensure the success of bridging programmes are also suggested.

  3. AN ASSESSMENT OF SPATIAL SCALE AND THEMATIC FOCUS OF PUBLICATIONS AND DIPLOMA THESIS OF SLOVAKIAN GEOGRAPHICAL INSTITUTES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Slavomír BUCHER

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The article explores the formation of regional identity with regard to scale and topic in works and final thesis of Slovak geography students from selected geographic institutions and departments. Taking into account papers and diploma thesis of students, we tried to discover how the authors perceive and form the image of a region of the theme and spatial scale of their works. If geographers in their publications and articles deal with specific topics of their subject research area - physical geography, settlement systems, composed of urban centres, economic activities in the region, or spatial intra-regional relations, thus they are forming the space material base, indispensable for the development of regional consciousness and identity itself.

  4. Association between academic and non-academic variables and academic success of diploma nursing students in Pakistan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ali, Parveen Azam; Naylor, Paul B

    2010-02-01

    This paper reports findings of an exploratory study conducted to determine an association between academic and non-academic factors and academic success of nursing diploma students in a province of Pakistan. Data were collected from the academic records of a cohort of 628 students. Multiple linear regression was used to identify the predictive association between certain academic and non-academic factors and academic success of the students. Regression models for each of three years were developed. Results indicated academic factors including preadmission qualifications, previous academic performance, academic performance in year one, academic performance in year two and type of school are significantly associated with the academic success of the students. Among non-academic factors, gender and place of domicile were found to be significantly associated with the academic success of the students.

  5. Battling a diploma mill: the early fight to preserve the osteopathic principles of A.T. Still.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jordan, Laura

    2014-09-01

    Andrew Taylor Still, MD, DO, founded the first school of osteopathy, the American School of Osteopathy (ASO), in 1892. Two graduates from the second class of the ASO, Elmer and Helen Barber, opened the "second school of osteopathy," the National School of Osteopathy (NSO), in 1895. The guiding principles of the NSO were vastly different than those of the ASO, and Still saw the Barbers as a threat to his founding osteopathic philosophy and their school as a "diploma mill." In the present article, the author uses primary historical documents to detail the battle between the ASO and the NSO and thus provides a snapshot of the early fight to gain respect within the medical community.

  6. A Call for More Diploma Nurses to Attain a Baccalaureate Degree: Advancing the nursing profession in Oman.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamanyire, Joy K; Achora, Susan

    2015-08-01

    The healthcare needs of the Omani population are evolving, particularly with regards to changes in disease complexity, advances in technology and the enhanced delivery of healthcare services. Nurses now need to adapt to a fundamental shift in the provision of patient-centred care. In line with lifelong learning goals, registered nurses in Oman at the diploma level should seek to obtain a more advanced qualification, for instance a Bachelor of Science in Nursing, to ensure they possess the requisite skills and knowledge to keep abreast of new developments in healthcare management. Challenges involved in this transition and suggestions to overcome these potential obstacles are discussed in this article in order to inform nursing education stakeholders. Recommendations to ensure the success of bridging programmes are also suggested.

  7. Forecast and Analysis of the Main Indicators for the Development of Ocean Fishery in China during the Twelfth Five-Year Plan Period

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xianghong; LIN; Zhankun; WANG; Weiling; SONG; Congchun; XU

    2013-01-01

    The ocean fishery is an important part of the marine economy and an important source of human food.The leaders at all levels attach great importance to the development and utilization of ocean fishery resources.Using the regression analysis method,we forecast the main indicators for the development of ocean fishery during the Twelfth Five-Year Plan period.Through the study,it is found that in 2015,the value added of ocean fishery in China is expected to exceed 360 billion yuan,and the output of marine products will exceed 30 million tons.The marine products make stable contribution to the marine economy and the residents’nutrient composition,conducive to maintaining the stable supply of the market and meeting the residents’daily needs for marine products.

  8. Vascular grading of angiogenesis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, S; Grabau, D A; Sørensen, Flemming Brandt;

    2000-01-01

    was moderately reproduced (kappa = 0.59). Vascular grade was significantly associated with axillary node involvement, tumour size, malignancy grade, oestrogen receptor status and histological type. In univariate analyses vascular grade significantly predicted recurrence free survival and overall survival for all...... patients (P analysis showed that vascular grading contributed with independent prognostic value in all patients (P

  9. Asterisk Grade Study Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kokorsky, Eileen A.

    A study was conducted at Passaic County Community College (PCCC) to investigate the operation of a grading system which utilized an asterisk (*) grade to indicate progress in a course until a letter grade was assigned. The study sought to determine the persistence of students receiving the "*" grade, the incidence of cases of students receiving…

  10. Consideraciones de los egresados del diplomado en enfermedades transmisibles Considerations of the graduates from the diploma course in communicable diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denis Berdasquera Corcho

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available El diplomado en enfermedades transmisibles comenzó a impartirse en el municipio de Guanajay, provincia La Habana, como parte de un programa de formación de recursos humanos en este campo de la medicina en el territorio. Después de 2 años de implementación, y bajo un diseño de estudio descriptivo, se detallan en este artículo algunas características de los 44 egresados de los 2 cursos académicos, y se identifica el grado de satisfacción de los graduados en relación con diferentes aspectos de su organización y funcionamiento. Predominaron estudiantes del sexo femenino, con edades que oscilaron mayormente entre los 30 y los 34 años. El 45,5 % eran profesionales del propio municipio, el 56,8 eran médicos y más del 60 % se graduaron con calificaciones de excelente. El mayor por ciento de los egresados mostró satisfacción con los conocimientos y habilidades adquiridos en la investigación y control de foco de enfermedades infecciosas, el 79,5 % de los estudiantes evaluaron de excelente la calidad del diplomado, más del 90 consideró buena la calidad de la docencia, y más del 97 lo consideró como importante en su formación de posgrado y en su trabajo diario. Los egresados perciben haber adquirido la preparación científico-técnica suficiente relacionada con el perfil de salida del diplomado, demostrando que el curso ofreció ventajas al personal de salud del territorio y le brindó facilidades de superación.The diploma course in communicable diseases began to be conducted in the municipality of Guanajay, Havana province, as part of a training program of human resources in this medical field in the territory. After two years of implementation and under a descriptive study design, some characteristics of the 44 graduates from the 2 academic courses are identified and the satisfaction degree of the graduates in relation to different aspects of its organization and functioning is identified. It was observed a prevalence of female

  11. A study of student attitudes toward physics and classroom environment based on gender and grade level among senior secondary education students in Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaerul, Andrie

    The main purposes of the present study are to investigate the differences on student's attitudes toward physics and their perceptions regarding classroom climate during physics classes based on gender and grade level. In addition, the study also explores female students' opinions about physics, and examines to what extent this factor might influence their decision to choose or not to choose physics or physics-related fields for their career choices in the future. A group of approximately 864 male and female students, equally proportioned by gender, were assigned to take part in this study. Two standardized instruments, namely the Individualized Classroom Environment Questionnaire (ICEQ) and the Test of Science Related Attitudes (TOSRA), have been employed to collect data. A combination of quantitative and qualitative methods was used to analyze the collected data resulting from the questionnaires as well as from the interviews. The study found, first, regardless of their gender and grade level differences, students expected a more positive classroom climate during learning physics. Also, it has been found that male students experience a more positive classroom environment than female students. Second, the study found that male students do show more positive attitudes toward physics than their female counterparts. Meanwhile, twelfth-grade students show a more positive attitude toward physics than eleventh-graders. Third, the study found that most female students do not like physics based on several reasons such as physics is a hard, monotonous and boring subject. Although eleventh-grade female students do not like physics, most of them intended to choose science as their major in the next grade. Surprisingly, a majority of twelfth-grade female students who are majoring in science have no intention to choose physics or physics-related subjects either for their prospective major at the university or for their career choices in the future.

  12. Formação, especialização, diplomação: da universidade à instituição de ensino superior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leopoldo Waizbort

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO O artigo procura discutir os sentidos da formação, da especialização e da diplomação em diversos momentos da universidade/instituição de ensino superior no Ocidente. Oferece um enquadramento teórico para acompanhar e interpretar as transformações históricas que atingem as ideias de formação e universidade. Articula a situação atual da universidade/instituição de ensino superior com as assim chamadas "sociedade do conhecimento" e "sociedade do consumo", a fim de evidenciar o nexo que se estabelece entre diplomação em massa e consumo. Por fim, glosa alguns problemas que atingem as instituições de ensino superior no mundo contemporâneo e no Brasil em particular.

  13. 新时期成人学历教育发展自我审思%Self-contemplation of Adult Diploma Education Development in the New Era

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王德平; 陈振国

    2011-01-01

    In the new era, Adult Diploma Education faces more challenges. The paper analyzes concisely the causes of these challenges based on self-contemplation and targeting various problems, it explores adult diploma education development from the following four aspects of notions, quality construction, feature creation and cooperation and opening up.%简要分析了新时期成人学历教育发展面临的挑战及其产生的原因,在审视学历教育机构自身的基础上,针对成人学历教育的种种问题,从理念重塑、质量建设、特色创设、合作开放四个方面,对学历教育办学机构在新时期的发展进行探讨。

  14. 成人学历教育应加强职业素质培养%On Strengthening of Professional Quality Cultivation of Adult Diploma Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宗宇鹏; 宗涛

    2015-01-01

    Adult Diploma education is an important part of higher education and plays an important role in im-proving the nation's scientific and cultural qualities and in promoting social progress and civilization.With the new requirements for the academic,skilled personnel of our new era,adult diploma education should perform well in this task,particularly in strengthening the training of skilled personnel.%成人学历教育作为高等教育的重要组成部分,对提高民族科学文化素质,促进社会文明进步具有重要作用。由于新时期我国对学术型、技能型人才的新要求,成人学历教育应担当好这一重任,尤其加强技能型人才的培养。

  15. FROM NEEDS ANALYSIS TO DESIGNING ACADEMIC WRITING MATERIALS FOR DIPLOMA STUDENTS OF MARA UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY (UITM, MALAYSIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nancy Chiuh @ Noemi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available When students begin their undergraduate studies, they will need to adjust to the demands of the undergraduate studies with regard to academic English at university level. Dudley-Evans & St. John (1998, p.37 maintain that “their English tuition up to the tertiary level will generally have been in the area of General English, and is unlikely to have included specific preparation for study at university level…” Barker (2000, p.8, in his study on first year students’ perception of writing difficulties, found that the students “come to realise during first semester that they are not adequately prepared for the writing demands required at university”. Pecorari (as cited in Phakiti & Li, 2011 found that Asian ESL students had problems in academic writing; “the students begin their aca-demic writing from ‘copying’ which implies a lack of training in academic writing and arouses accusations of plagiarism in their writing” (p.232. Being an English-medium public university in Malaysia, MARA University of Technology (UiTM poses challenges to both its students and instructors, as a good command of English is essential. In its attempt to equip its undergraduate students with language skills, UiTM has introduced credit-bearing English courses. This paper presents the findings from a research project to identify the academic writing needs of first-year Diploma in Public Administration students in UiTM Sabah. A total of 110 Diploma in Public Administration students and six instructors responded to the questionnaires. The research examined the students’ and instructors’ perceptions of the importance of academic writing skills the students need in order to complete their undergraduate programmes, assessment of the students’ academic writing skills, and the difficulty of academic writing skills. The findings indicated that there was consistency of response between the students and instructors. The follow-up interviews and focus groups with

  16. Hats off to CERN's Master of Apprenticeships ! Roland Gay of the HR Department (at right) recently received a special diploma from the Geneva Industrial Union (UIG).

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    Presented by Carlo Lamprecht, Head of the Department of Economy, Employment and External Affairs of the State of Geneva, the diploma was awarded in recognition of the 199 CERN apprentices Roland has guided through the Certificat Fédéral de Capacité (CFC), an end-of-apprenticeship certificate awarded by the Cantonal authorities. Roland will be retiring in December 2004 after 37 years of service, 32 of which he spent in the role of apprenticeship supervisor.

  17. Developing skills for youth in the 21st century: The role of elite International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme schools in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Ewan; Lee, Moosung

    2014-04-01

    There is a growing body of research suggesting that schools need to respond to changing social and economic dynamics by prioritising "21st-century skills". Proponents of this view, who have been termed "the 21st century skills movement", have called for greater emphasis on cognitive and non-cognitive skills development, alongside the learning of subject content and technical skills. This paper explores the potential of International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme (IBDP) schools to respond to this mandate in China, one of the fastest-growing markets for International Baccalaureate® (IB) schools globally. The authors' research team undertook a multi-site case study of five elite IBDP schools in China. Their findings revealed confidence among interviewees that the IB educational philosophy was conducive to 21st-century skills development, especially through the provision of the three IBDP "Core Requirements", which are Creativity, Action, Service (CAS), Extended Essay (EE) and Theory of Knowledge (TOK). Despite this confidence, concerns remain about the implementation of the IB educational philosophy in the context of IBDP schools in China.

  18. Study of Concentrations of Available Cations and Anions in PM2.5 in the Air of Twelfth Region of Tehran City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hossean Arfaeinia

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: In the last few decades, the city's air quality has become a major concern; especially there is strong evidence about health effects of particulate matter in urban communities.In addition to suspended particles concentration, the ionic part of suspended particles is also very important, So that some studies  ions like Sulfate is the reson of increasing the respiratory diseases.So the aim of this study was to study of concentration of PM2.5 particles and their ionic componentsincluding major anions and cations in twelfth region of Tehran city in 2013. Materials & Methods: This cross - sectional study was conducted in the air of twelfth region of Tehran. PM2.5 concentration was calculated with sampling by frmOMNITMAmbient Air Sampler with PTFE filter with a diameter of 47 mm and through the weight measurement.Concentration of anions and cations which had associated with PM2.5 particles was read after collected sample preparation and injection to device Ion Chromatography (IC Metrohm 850 model. Correlation matrix was calculated between anions and cations. Data analysis was carried out by Excel and SPSS version 18 and One-Way ANOVA test. Results: The mean daily concentration of PM2.5 particles was 19.41 µg/m3 during the study. One-Way ANOVA test showed a significant difference at the 0.05 level between PM2.5 concentrations on different days of the week. Concentrations for sodium, potassium, ammonium, calcium, magnesium, sulfate, nitrate, chloride were obtained 0.28, 0.06, 0.49, 0.87, 0.63, 56.3, 1.43 and 0.71 µg/m3, respectively, and no value was detected for fluoride and nitrite. Balance between anions and cations were calculated and the correlation coefficient (R2 were obtained 0.972 between the anions and cations. Conclusion The mean concentrations of PM2.5 was higher than the air standards in Iran and WHO guidelines (25 µg/m3 and EPA standards (35 µg/m3. In a study reported that the One-Way ANOVA test between particle

  19. Almost Graded Prime Ideals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ameer Jaber

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem Statement: Graded commutative ring with unity over an abelian group were introduced by many authors such as T. Y. Lam and C. T. C. Wall, and almost prime ideals over commutative rings with unity were introduced by S.M. Batwadeker and P.K. Sharma, and this forced us to try to extend the theory of almost and n-almost prime ideals to the graded case. Approach: We develop the theory of almost and n-almost prime ideals to the graded case. Results: We extended some basic results about almost and n-almost prime ideals to the graded case, and then we gave a relationship between n-almost graded prime ideals and weakly graded prime ideals. Conclusion: The extended results about almost and n-almost graded prime ideals allow us to classify further properties about almost graded prime ideals. 2000 AMS Mathematics Subject Classification: 13 A 02.

  20. CT Grading of Otosclerosis

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Lee, T.C; Aviv, R.I; Chen, J.M; Nedzelski, J.M; Fox, A.J; Symons, S.P

    2009-01-01

    ...: The CT grading system for otosclerosis was proposed by Symons and Fanning in 2005. The purpose of this study was to determine if this CT grading system has high interobserver and intraobserver agreement...

  1. Gleason grading system

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000920.htm Gleason grading system To use the sharing features on this page, ... score of between 5 and 7. Gleason Grading System Sometimes, it can be hard to predict how ...

  2. GRADE Equity Guidelines 3

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Welch, Vivian A; Akl, Elie A; Pottie, Kevin

    2017-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to describe a conceptual framework for how to consider health equity in the GRADE (Grading Recommendations Assessment and Development Evidence) guideline development process. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Consensus-based guidance developed by the GRADE working grou...

  3. [Grading of prostate cancer].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kristiansen, G; Roth, W; Helpap, B

    2016-07-01

    The current grading of prostate cancer is based on the classification system of the International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) following a consensus conference in Chicago in 2014. The foundations are based on the frequently modified grading system of Gleason. This article presents a brief description of the development to the current ISUP grading system.

  4. The Weight of Evidence Does Not Support the Listing of Styrene as “Reasonably Anticipated to be a Human Carcinogen” in NTP's Twelfth Report on Carcinogens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhomberg, Lorenz R.; Goodman, Julie E.; Prueitt, Robyn L.

    2013-01-01

    Styrene was listed as “reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen” in the twelfth edition of the National Toxicology Program's Report on Carcinogens based on what we contend are erroneous findings of limited evidence of carcinogenicity in humans, sufficient evidence of carcinogenicity in experimental animals, and supporting mechanistic data. The epidemiology studies show no consistent increased incidence of, or mortality from, any type of cancer. In animal studies, increased incidence rates of mostly benign tumors have been observed only in certain strains of one species (mice) and at one tissue site (lung). The lack of concordance of tumor incidence and tumor type among animals (even within the same species) and humans indicates that there has been no particular cancer consistently observed among all available studies. The only plausible mechanism for styrene-induced carcinogenesis—a non-genotoxic mode of action that is specific to the mouse lung—is not relevant to humans. As a whole, the evidence does not support the characterization of styrene as “reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen,” and styrene should not be listed in the Report on Carcinogens. PMID:23335843

  5. Are grades really oppressive?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张心宇

    2015-01-01

    Are grades really oppressive? The broad question's answer is of course open: it varies in different condition and in prerequisites. Like in Daily Californian,"Why Grades are Oppressive", the title tells us it standing: yes, grades are oppressive. In the article, the authors (this article was written by 16 students of the class) pointed out that the grading system has had a violent and powerfully destructive effect on our lives. Because grading focuses our attention on class requirements that we have no say in determination. And this makes many students equate their self-worth with the grades they get in exams. Besides, grades are intimately connected with a larger system of control in community, which trains students to be submissive and not to question or challenge it. In the end, the authors conclude that they should take responsibility for evaluating their own learning process.

  6. Clinical grades: upward bound.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walsh, Catherine M; Seldomridge, Lisa A

    2005-04-01

    This study examined the relationship of grades earned in paired theory and clinical courses. Data collected during academic years 1997 to 2002 confirmed that grade inflation exists in clinical nursing courses. Problems involved in awarding grades for clinical performance are discussed (e.g., standards of clinical performance, methods used in evaluation of clinical performance, the impossibility of faculty omnipresence, the influence of student effort in grading, the effect of recency, the challenges of keeping good anecdotal records). Solutions to grading problems are proposed, including dividing up performance into agreed-on elements, measurement of these elements on a grading scale that allows for more differentiation of quality in evaluating clinical performance, assigning grades from the beginning of a clinical course, emphasizing all three domains of clinical practice, and evaluating student performance in both laboratory and, clinical settings.

  7. BLENDED LEARNING (BL AS PEDAGOGICAL ALTERNATIVE TO TEACH BUSINESS COMMUNICATION COURSE: Case Study of UUM Executive Diploma Program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hisham DZAKIRIA

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Globally, blended learning (BL technologies have been increasingly applied in a variety of fields, both public and private sectors. In recent years, universities, public and private businesses and organizations are among those employing blended learning methods and technologies in training and re-training of professionals in the workforce. In Malaysia, the increasing use of blended learning to enhance learning and enriching of soft skills among professionals and individuals in the work place is evident. The advancement of technology is an onset to many new avenues and tool for learning and teaching, and it is the coalescing of these various technologies with particular pedagogy or andragogy has helped to popularize BL. However, when an institution makes the critical choice of delivery methods, it is pertinent that the university needs to consider various success factors. One in particular is student-centered approach that entails the need to understand the students as the beneficiary of learning, and the support system they need to help them learn. This qualitative study reports in detail the experience of a small group of students undertaking Executive Diplomas at Executive Development Centre (EDC, Universiti Utara Malaysia as they progress through their Executive program. This paper looks at learning experiences as described by the learners- it is their story, their experience, and their perspective. This study suggests that BL offered a comfortable middle ground, and has lots of potential in higher education in Malaysia. It is a pedagogical alternative that could play a significant role not only for teaching Business Communication, but has the potential to promote lifelong learning initiatives in Malaysia in a much meaningful and inviting way. Although this study shows that BL contributed a significant and meaningful learning particularly for adult learners, it needs more definitive studies. Such information can be used to guide policy makers

  8. Current Demand for Preschool Teachers in Sichuan and Prediction of Its Development Scale in the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" Period%四川幼儿师资需求现状及“十二五”时期发展规模预测

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周洪

    2012-01-01

    《四川省学前教育三年行动纲领》提出了2011—2013年四川学前教育的具体任务,这是落实"十二五"时期四川学前教育发展目标的基础。本研究以客观的数据分析为支撑,揭示出四川幼儿师资需求的现状和其中存在的地区差异问题,并根据四川总人口及出生率、幼儿园毛入学率推算出在园儿童数,预测出"十二五"时期四川幼儿师资的发展规模。为了培养足够数量的合格幼儿教师,"十二五"时期政府应加大学前教育师资培养的财政投入,有计划地扩大高等师范院校学前教育专业的办学规模;师范院校应该为在职幼儿教师提供学前教育专业本、专科函授的学习机会;全省幼教培训机构要组织专、兼职的培训队伍,积极开展对高中学历及转岗人员的培训,以期全面提高幼儿教师的专业水平。%Three Year Action Programme of Sichuan Province Preschool Education puts forward the specific tasks of Sichuan preschool education during 2011-2013, which is the basis for the implementation of Sichuan preschool education development goals in the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" period. Based on data analysis, this article first reveals the current demand for Sichuan preschool teachers and the existing problem of regional differences, then predicts the preschool teacher development scale according to the calculated number of children in the kindergarten from the total population, birth rate, and gross enrollment rate of Sichuan, and finally presents three suggestions to cultivate sufficient amount of qualified preschool teachers. The suggestions are as follows: 1 ) the government should increase financial investment to training of preschool teachers and expand the scale of preschool education major in normal schools systematically; 2) normal schools should provide study opportunities for in-service preschool teachers; 3 ) preschool education training institutions should

  9. A Simple Alternative to Grading

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potts, Glenda

    2010-01-01

    In this article, the author investigates whether an alternative grading system (contract grading) would yield the same final grades as traditional grading (letter grading), and whether or not it would be accepted by students. The author states that this study demonstrated that contract grading was widely, and for the most part, enthusiastically…

  10. Position and Role of Non-diploma Continuing Education in Higher Vocational Colleges%非学历继续教育在高职院校中的地位和作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任建国

    2011-01-01

    目的:引起高职院校管理者对非学历教育工作的重视;方法:从高职院校非学历教育中存在的问题、定位及开展非学历教育的原则、效果等四个方面探讨了高职院校非学历教育的地位和作用;结果:提出了高职院校开展非学历教育的原则和意义:结论:确立非学历教育在高职院校中的重要地位是非常必要的.%Objective: Managers in higher vocational colleges pay attention to the work of non-diploma education. Method: Position and role of non-diploma education in higher vocational colleges from four aspects, namely, being problems, positioning, principle of developing non- diploma education and effect was discussed. Result: The principle and significance of developing non-diploma education in higher vocational colleges were put forward. Conclusion: It's very necessary for establishing the position of non-diploma education in higher vocational colleges.

  11. Crisis? What Crisis? Political articulation and government in the March of Tuscany through placita and diplomas from Guy of Spoleto to Berengar II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor Santos Salazar

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available In the last decades, much work have been done to deconstruct the mechanisms of government in Early Medieval Europe. In that task, the interpretation of the settlement of disputes and royal/imperial diplomas as the basis of the central government strategies in local spheres has been underlined by recent historiography. Following this methodology, the aim of this article is, thus, to analyze the mechanisms of governance in the March of Tuscany in a time characterized by political fluidity, focusing in the role played by the kings and lay and ecclesiastical aristocracies in the construction of complex political systems.

  12. The Twelfth Five-Year Plan of China's dyeing and finishing industry%印染行业“十二五”发展规划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    中国印染行业协会

    2012-01-01

    During the " Eleventh Five-Year" period, the production and marketing of China's dyeing and finishing industry kept sustained growth, structural adjustment gained substantial achievements, energy saving and emission reduction firmly pushed forward. The development model appeared to transform from quantity-oriented growth pattern to quality-oriented one. During the " Twelfth Five-Year" period, the dyeing and finishing industry should put more emphasis on technology advance, product research and development, resource saving and environment protection The industry need to promote the products' quality and added values, increase the production efficiency, reduce the production cost and the pollutant release, improve profitability and the quality and efficiency of economic growth, and speed up the transformation from quantity-oriented growth pattern to quality-oriented one%“十一五”期间,我国印染行业生产销售持续增长,经济效益稳步提高,产业结构调整取得成效,节能减排扎实推进;产业发展从数量型增长向质量效益型增长转变明显.“十二五”期间,印染行业应更加注重科技进步,注重产品研发和市场营销,注重资源节约和环境保护,提升产品质量和附加值,提高生产效率,降低生产成本,减少污染物排放,提升企业的赢利能力和水平,提高经济增长的质量和效益,推动行业由资源数量型增长向质量效益型增长转变.

  13. Classroom: Efficient Grading

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaw, David D.; Pease, Leonard F., III.

    2014-01-01

    Grading can be accelerated to make time for more effective instruction. This article presents specific time management strategies selected to decrease administrative time required of faculty and teaching assistants, including a multiple answer multiple choice interface for exams, a three-tier grading system for open ended problem solving, and a…

  14. Pallet part grading trainer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deborah F. Cook; Philip A. Araman; Matthew F. Winn

    2000-01-01

    A computerized pallet grading training system was developed to facilitate the production of higher quality pallets. Higher quality pallets would be more durable and could be re-used many times, resulting in long-term savings. Schmoldt et al. (1993) evaluated the economic impact of grading and sorting pallet parts. They determined that higher quality pallets produced by...

  15. Beef grading by ultrasound

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gammell, P. M.

    1981-01-01

    Reflections in ultrasonic A-scan signatures of beef carcasses indicate USDA grade. Since reflections from within muscle are determined primarily by fat/muscle interface, richness of signals is direct indication of degree of marbling and quality. Method replaces subjective sight and feel tests by individual graders and is applicable to grade analysis of live cattle.

  16. Grading Exceptional Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, Lee Ann; Guskey, Thomas R.

    2010-01-01

    Teachers often grapple with the challenge of giving report card grades to students with learning disabilities and English language learners. The authors offer a five-step model that "offers a fair, accurate, and legal way to adapt the grading process for exceptional learners." The model begins with a high-quality reporting system for all students…

  17. Minimum Grading, Maximum Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carey, Theodore; Carifio, James

    2011-01-01

    Fair and effective schools should assign grades that align with clear and consistent evidence of student performance (Wormeli, 2006), but when a student's performance is inconsistent, traditional grading practices can prove inadequate. Understanding this, increasing numbers of schools have been experimenting with the practice of assigning minimum…

  18. Rational Survey of the Production Function of the Higher Education Diploma%高等学校文凭生产功能的理性审视

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翟静丽

    2012-01-01

    Higher education produces diplomas while producing educational services.Diplomas(especially higher education diploma) indicate the ability of labovers in the labor market;therefore higher education diplomas must demonstrate the capabilities of its owner.As a signal of labor market.As a means of control,the government should make efforts to establish the good relationship between government and schools,schools and students.%高等教育在生产教育服务的同时,也生产着文凭。文凭(尤其是高等教育文凭)是劳动力市场上证明劳动者能力的一种强信号,高等学校文凭作为一种劳动力市场信号,必须充分彰显其拥有者的工作能力;作为一种政府管制手段,必须着力建构政府与学校、学校与学生之间的良好关系。

  19. On“Diploma+Skill”Assessment Method%“学历+技能”教育考核方式的研究和探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋玲; 李枫

    2013-01-01

    形成性考核是“学历+技能”教学课程考核的重要组成部分,通过对学习者学习过程的测评,及时调整教学节奏和方法,成为课程学习的阶段性考核。本文就“学历+技能”教育模式下形成性考核的定义、目的、实施过程中的共性问题,并结合宁波电大成教学院形成性考核的实施情况,进行研究和探索。%Formative assessment, which is a stage assessment by appraising students’ study process to adjust teaching and learning rhythm and methods, is an important part of curriculum evaluation in diploma plus skill education mode. This paper, combining with practice of Adult Education Institute of Ningbo Radio and TV University, tries to research and explore the definition and purposes of formative assessment in diploma plus skill education mode as well as common problems met in practice.

  20. 浅析国际文凭课程的关键发展特征%Key Development Characteristics of the International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘茂祥; 刘炼; 蒋皓

    2015-01-01

    国际文凭课程(IBDP),主要有国际意识与本土文化的整合理念、强化严格的审批流程与质量督导机制、保持完善且持续更新的课程体系等关键发展特征,被公认为世界上有影响的课程,在全球范围内得到了良好的发展。我国教育走向国际,创设面向世界、具有中国特色的课程系统成为重要课题,可从国际文凭课程的发展中获得一些启迪与思考。%The International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme (IBDP) is recognized as one of the inlfuential curricula worldwide, owing to The Key Development Characteristics such as proper implementation of international-mindedness, its strict authorization process and quality supervision, and its continuously evolving curriculum. The education of our country that creates curriculum system facing the world has become an important topic. The curriculum reform in China needs to get some inspiration and thinking from the global development strategy in the International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme.

  1. 内蒙古自治区“十二五”期间煤电发展空间测算%Calculation of coal power development during the “Twelfth Five Planning” in Inner Mongolia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢艳丽; 宋志博

    2015-01-01

    根据内蒙古自治区2010年的 SO2和 NOx 排放现状,结合现行减排政策和排放标准要求,分析“十二五”期间内蒙古现役源的 SO2和 NOx 减排潜力。根据“十二五”SO2和 NOx 总量控制目标,分析新源可用的排放指标空间。测算“十二五”期间非电力行业的污染物排放增量,在此基础上分析电力行业排放指标空间可供发展的新建燃煤机组规模。%According to the SO2 and NOx emission status of the Inner Mongolia in 2010,according to the current emission reduction policies and emission standards, SO2 and NOx emission reduction potential of Inner Mongolia active source analysis of the " Twelfth Five Planning " period. According to the SO2 and NOx total control objectives of the "Twelfth Five Planning ", analysis of space available source emission index. Calculation of the " Twelfth Five Planning " period in nonpower industry increment of pollutant emissions, the scale of the new coal-fired units on the basis of analysis of emission index of electric power industry for the development of space.

  2. Characterizations of Graded Distributive Modules

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qinghua Chen; Chang'an Li

    2002-01-01

    In this paper, we give some characterizations of graded distributive modules, prove some interesting results between graded rings (modules) and lattices under finiteness conditions, and investigate the direct sum of graded distributive modules in terms of orders of graded submodules and homomorphisms of graded factor modules.

  3. Paperless Grades and Faculty Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hardy, James C.; Jones, Dennis; Turner, Sandy

    2003-01-01

    Provides overview of process of switching from paper-based grade reporting to computer-based grading. Authors found that paperless grading decreased number of errors, made student access more immediate, and reduced costs incurred by purchasing and storing grade-scanning sheets. Authors also argue that direct entry grading encourages faculty to…

  4. Grading for Understanding - Standards-Based Grading

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zimmerman, Todd

    2017-01-01

    Standards-based grading (SBG), sometimes called learning objectives-based assessment (LOBA), is an assessment model that relies on students demonstrating mastery of learning objectives (sometimes referred to as standards). The goal of this grading system is to focus students on mastering learning objectives rather than on accumulating points. I have used SBG in an introductory physics course for the past five years and worked with several physics faculty members to implement SBG in the first and second semester of algebra-based and calculus-based introductory physics courses at a primarily undergraduate comprehensive public university with class sizes of 48 students. In this article I will discuss methods for implementing SBG in a physics class.

  5. Nebraska Science Standards: Grades K-12

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nebraska Department of Education, 2010

    2010-01-01

    This publication presents the Nebraska Science Standards for Grades K-12. The standards are presented according to the following grades: (1) Grades K-2; (2) Grades 3-5; (3) Grades 6-8; and (4) Grades 9-12.

  6. Functionally Graded Media

    OpenAIRE

    Campos, Cédric M.; Epstein, Marcelo; De León, Manuel

    2007-01-01

    The notions of uniformity and homogeneity of elastic materials are reviewed in terms of Lie groupoids and frame bundles. This framework is also extended to consider the case Functionally Graded Media, which allows us to obtain some homogeneity conditions.

  7. The Grade Contract Revisited

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bornscheuer, Joan H.

    1976-01-01

    Adaptations of and variations on the grade contract system are described with emphasis on individualized instruction, fair evaluation, and learner-oriented classes. The method used is described, and results are assessed. (Author/RM)

  8. Functionally graded materials

    CERN Document Server

    Mahamood, Rasheedat Modupe

    2017-01-01

    This book presents the concept of functionally graded materials as well as their use and different fabrication processes. The authors describe the use of additive manufacturing technology for the production of very complex parts directly from the three dimension computer aided design of the part by adding material layer after layer. A case study is also presented in the book on the experimental analysis of functionally graded material using laser metal deposition process.

  9. 荆州市基础测绘“十二五”规划编制研究%The Twelfth Five-Year Planning Research of the Basic Surveying and Mapping in Jingzhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周勇; 胡冰; 彭李; 石莎

    2012-01-01

    基础测绘是国民经济和社会发展的一项长期的基础性工作。分析了荆州市基础测绘“十一五”期间取得的成绩和存在的问题,阐述了“十二五”期间经济社会发展对基础测绘的需求,提出了基础测绘的发展目标,明确了基础测绘的6项任务,制定了基础测绘重点项目规划,为地市级基础测绘“十二五”规划编制提供思路。%Basic surveying and mapping is a long-term basic and strategic work of the economic and social develop- ment. The paper analyzes the achievements and existing problems of Jingzhou basic surveying and mapping during the E- leventh Five-Year Plan period, describes the needs of economic and social development during the Twelfth Five-year Plan period. It proposes development goals of basic surveying and mapping, defines its six tasks and formulates key pro- jects plan. Ideas for establishing city basic surveying and mapping during the Twelfth Five-Year Plan are presented.

  10. Shakespeare revisité, entre fidélité et parodie : de La Nuit des Rois à Shake de Dan Jemmett Shakespeare Revisited, Between Fidelity and Parody: From Twelfth Night to Shake by Dan Jemmett

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabelle Schwartz-Gastine

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available William Shakespeare himself was a master of re-writing older material as he abundantly used this technique, which was totally justified at the Renaissance, to compose his poems or plays, from various sources whether literary (prose or verse, historical, or any other—and sometimes most unusual—background.The play I am considering in this paper is a very recent re-writing in English by Dan Jemmett (Peter Brook’s son-in-law, but performed in Marie-Paul Remo’s French translation at the Vidy Theatre in Lausanne during the 2001 season. It is called Shake, with a modest sub-title « around Twelfth Night », but which is indeed at the heart of the topic.Through the exploration of three themes: symmetry (of situations, of twin binarities, love’s misunderstanding, and music, I will argue that this comedy, whose title is a mix between the name of the Bard and the etymological meaning of the verb “to shake” as far as traditions are concerned, is faithful to the spirit (rather than the letter of the Shakespearean original in a very healthy comic vein.It is not worth wondering if the spectators fully understood the meaning of this comedy in which the four actors change roles all the time: their frequent bursts of laughter clearly showed that they enjoyed the spirit of the comedy, whether they knew Twelfth Night or not.

  11. Research on Affordable Housing Construction of Shanxi Province during the Twelfth Five-year Plan%山西省城镇"十二五"经济适用房研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范恩海; 郑婷兰

    2011-01-01

    经济适用房是我国住房保障体系的重要组成部分,"十二五"期间应该加大经济适用房建设力度,以满足城镇中(低)收入家庭的基本住房需求.借助以及市场调查等统计资料,通过分析山西省商品住房市场价格、城镇新增居民家庭人均可支配收入等情况,预测得到经济适用房的保障线标准和保障比例,从而确定出"十二五"期间新增经济适用房的建设数量.%Affordable housing is an important part of China's housing security system. We should intensify affordable housing construction during the twelfth five-year to meet the basic housing demand of low-and middle-income families. With the help of statistical date which quoted from The Clorious 60 Years of Shanxi and market research statistical data through the analysis of the commodity housing market prices and per capita disposable income of urban increased households in Shanxi Province, predicts the security standards and security proportion of affordable housing, so as to determine the increased construction quantity of affordable housing during the twelfth five-year.

  12. Ora, sim; ora, não! O diploma de Jornalismo em várias fases do processo de profissionalização da atividade jornalística no Brasil.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robson Dias

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A discussão explora os atributos que conferem os limites desse grupo profissional, levando em conta o processo de profissionalização do Jornalismo no Brasil (1, a instituição do diploma como credencial ao mercado de trabalho (2 e o fim da obrigatoriedade do diploma para exercício da atividade (3. O objetivo é o de refletir sobre a construção do (desvalor do diploma até mesmo para os próprios jornalistas. Trataremos dos limites do campo profissional sem o anseio de encerrar uma discussão sobre a obrigatoriedade (ou não do diploma para exercício da profissão, mas sobre sua representatividade dentro e fora do campo jornalístico, enquadrando o Jornalismo como uma profissão forte ou fraca, na classificação de Freidson (Sociologia das Profissões.

  13. An Assessment of Different Educational Background of Students Performance in Engineering Mathematics and on the Class of Award Obtained at the Higher National Diploma (HND) Level at Cape Coast Polytechnic, Ghana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asirifi, Michael Kwabena; Mensah, Kweku Abeeku; Amoako, Joseph

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this research article is to find out an assessment of different educational background of students performance in engineering mathematics and on the class of award obtained at the Higher National Diploma (HND) level at Cape Coast Polytechnic. A descriptive survey was conducted on students of the Electricals/Electronics Department…

  14. Contemporary Gleason grading and novel Grade Groups in clinical practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magi-Galluzzi, Cristina; Montironi, Rodolfo; Epstein, Jonathan I

    2016-09-01

    The Gleason grading system provides important information for guiding prostate cancer patients' management and prognostication. The grading system underwent significant modifications over the past decade. In 2005 and more recently in 2014, the International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) held two consensus conferences to update prostate cancer grading. Recently, five prognostic grade groups have been proposed to be used in parallel to the Gleason grading system. The purpose of this review is to highlight the key changes in the Gleason grading system and the utility of the grade groups to better reflect biologic behavior for both patients and clinicians. At the 2014 ISUP consensus conference, prostate cancer Gleason grading was updated and a previously proposed concept of five prognostic grade groups, from 1 to 5 was supported. The Grade Groups, used in parallel to the modified Gleason grading system, translate Gleason scores in five distinct risk categories where Grade Group 1 is defined as Gleason score 6 or less, Grade Group 2 as Gleason score 3 + 4 = 7, Grade Group 3 as Gleason score 4 + 3 = 7, Grade Group 4 as Gleason score 4 + 4 = 8, and Grade Group 5 as Gleason score 9/10. This 5-tiered grade group system better reflects biologic behavior and guides clinical care. The Grade Groups have been endorsed by the ISUP and the World Health Organization. The performance of the Grade Groups has been examined in several recent studies. This review summarizes developments over the last year in the use of grade groups and outlines their value in clinical practice.

  15. Graded-index magnonics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davies, C. S.; Kruglyak, V. V.

    2015-10-01

    The wave solutions of the Landau-Lifshitz equation (spin waves) are characterized by some of the most complex and peculiar dispersion relations among all waves. For example, the spin-wave ("magnonic") dispersion can range from the parabolic law (typical for a quantum-mechanical electron) at short wavelengths to the nonanalytical linear type (typical for light and acoustic phonons) at long wavelengths. Moreover, the long-wavelength magnonic dispersion has a gap and is inherently anisotropic, being naturally negative for a range of relative orientations between the effective field and the spin-wave wave vector. Nonuniformities in the effective field and magnetization configurations enable the guiding and steering of spin waves in a deliberate manner and therefore represent landscapes of graded refractive index (graded magnonic index). By analogy to the fields of graded-index photonics and transformation optics, the studies of spin waves in graded magnonic landscapes can be united under the umbrella of the graded-index magnonics theme and are reviewed here with focus on the challenges and opportunities ahead of this exciting research direction.

  16. Using Flip Cameras To Activate Reflection And Collaboration On Initial Teacher Training Diploma In Teaching In The Lifelong Learning Sector (DTLLS Courses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beaumont, Ben

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This article seeks to address some of the problems Teacher Educators have in helping develop Initial Teacher Training (ITT candidates’ reflective practice. In tandem with investigating ways to develop reflection, the article considers how Information Learning Technology (ILT, and video in particular, can be used in ITT to help develop candidates’ ILT abilities as well as helping to provide a practical focus for developmental reflection. We investigate how Flip cameras can be integrated into candidates’ Learning Development Journals (LDJs in the first year of a part-time, two-year Certificate in Education (Cert Ed, Postgraduate Certificate in Education (PGCE, or Diploma in Teaching in the Lifelong Learning Sector (DTLLS course as a basis for reflective development and to assist peer support and collaboration. With a focus on developing critical reflection, we go on to evaluate the effect of Flip cameras, as integrated into our Year 1 programme.

  17. The use of multilevel modeling and the level two residual file to explore the relationship between middle years programme student performance and diploma programme student performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gordon, Melissa; Bergeron, Liz

    2015-03-01

    Multilevel modeling has recently found a substantial niche in the context of educational research, although several details about the methodological application of these models have yet to be explored in an achievement data framework. This paper makes use of data provided by the International Baccalaureate (IB) in order to investigate modeling decisions and certain applications of the level two residual file in an effort to increase understanding about the way linear and logistic multilevel models function. The focus of this research is on the relationship between performances in two IB programmes: the Middle Years Programme (MYP) and the Diploma Programme (DP). The impact of predictors on the interpretation of the unconditional and conditional variance-covariance matrix as well as the reliability coefficients is discussed. Empirical findings suggest that students who perform better during MYP moderation tend to perform better on DP exams.

  18. [Profile of students entering the nursing diploma program: University of São Paulo at Ribeirão Preto College of Nursing].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corrêa, Adriana Katia; de Mello e Souza, Maria Conceição Bernardo; dos Santos, Ronildo Alves; Clapis, Maria José; Granvile, Nilton César

    2011-08-01

    The objective of this study is to describe the profile of the entering students as to gender, age, marital status, educational background (elementary and high school studies) and employment status of the first class of the Nursing Teaching Diploma Program in EERP/USP, in the year 2006, highlighting their implications for the teaching-learning process. This descriptive exploratory study used a questionnaire for data collection. Results are presented in a descriptive way, with absolute and percentage frequency. The age group of the students is diverse, varying from 19 to 46 years old, most (67.5%) of them comes from public schools (high school studies), 42% work, of those, 67% already work in the health area. These data can influence in the pedagogical practice of professors.

  19. 农村英语教师学历提升测试质量分析%Analysis of the Diploma Improvement Test Quality of Rural English Teachers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨士杰

    2015-01-01

    The first participants of diploma improvement for rural English teachers took part in two quality tests,one held right after their enrollment and the other before their graduation.The paper analy-zes the features of test questions and the general situations of the results.%首次参加学历提升的农村英语教师进行了入学初以及毕业前的两次同等质量的水平测试,对这两次测试的试题结构特点,测试结果的基本情况及有关信息两个方面进行了分析。

  20. Serving Grades Over the Internet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, James K.

    This paper demonstrates a grade server that allows college students to access their grades over the Internet from the instructor's home page. Using a CGI (common gateway interface) program written in Visual Basic, the grades are read directly from an Excel spreadsheet and presented to the requester after he/she enters a password. The grade for…

  1. Methods of graded rings

    CERN Document Server

    Nastasescu, Constantin

    2004-01-01

    The topic of this book, graded algebra, has developed in the past decade to a vast subject with new applications in noncommutative geometry and physics. Classical aspects relating to group actions and gradings have been complemented by new insights stemming from Hopf algebra theory. Old and new methods are presented in full detail and in a self-contained way. Graduate students as well as researchers in algebra, geometry, will find in this book a useful toolbox. Exercises, with hints for solution, provide a direct link to recent research publications. The book is suitable for courses on Master level or textbook for seminars.

  2. “十二五”末江西增产“50亿斤粮”的出路与对策建议%Solutions and Countermeasures for "Increasing Grain Products by 2.5 Billion Kilogram" of Jiangxi in "Twelfth Five - years"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨正威; 陈红萍; 颜龙安; 陆朝梁; 熊大建; 龙丘陵

    2012-01-01

    江西省“十二五”规划纲要中提出“十二五”期间我省“新增粮食产量50亿斤”,以策应国家“十二五”“增加1000亿斤粮食”的目标.本文分析了当前江西粮食综合生产能力及存在的问题、粮食生产中有利条件和面临的挑战,提出了“十二五”末江西增产“50亿斤粮”的出路与对策建议.%In order to support the country's target of "increasing the grain products by 50 billion kilogram" in "Twelfth Five -years" , the "Twelfth Five - years" planning program of Jiangxi province put forward "increasing the grain products by 2.5 billion kilogram" in "Twelfth Five-years". This paper analyzed the overall grain production capability, the existing problems, advantages and faced challenges in grain production of Jiangxi at present, and put forward the solutions and countermeasures for "increasing the grain products by 2.5 billion kilogram" of Jiangxi in "Twelfth Five -years".

  3. The Maximal Graded Left Quotient Algebra of a Graded Algebra

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gonzalo ARANDA PINO; Mercedes SILES MOLINA

    2006-01-01

    We construct the maximal graded left quotient algebra of every graded algebra A without homogeneous total right zero divisors as the direct limit of graded homomorphisms (of left A-modules)from graded dense left ideals of A into a graded left quotient algebra of A. In the case of a superalgebra,and with some extra hypothesis, we prove that the component in the neutral element of the group of the maximal graded left quotient algebra coincides with the maximal left quotient algebra of the component in the neutral element of the group of the superalgebra.

  4. An In-Depth Review of the Current Practica, Associated with Early Childhood through Twelfth Grade Special Education Programs, for the Benefit of Higher Education Programs, with an Emphasis in Obtaining a M.Ed. in Special Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cady, Jennifer

    2010-01-01

    In order to guide organizational growth in the Master's in Education with an emphasis in Special Education program, offered at Southwestern College, an in-depth qualitative study was conducted with participants from three specific realms located in the state of Kansas. Participants from the Kansas State Department of Education, Southwestern…

  5. Cutting Class Harms Grades

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Lewis A., III

    2012-01-01

    An accessible business school population of undergraduate students was investigated in three independent, but related studies to determine effects on grades due to cutting class and failing to take advantage of optional reviews and study quizzes. It was hypothesized that cutting classes harms exam scores, attending preexam reviews helps exam…

  6. Social Studies: Grade 8.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manitoba Dept. of Education, Winnipeg.

    This Manitoba (Canada) curriculum guide for eighth grade social studies students contains suggested teaching strategies and learning activities in four units covering: (1) life during prehistoric and early historic times; (2) ancient civilizations; (3) life in early modern Europe; and (4) life in the modern world. Each unit includes an overview,…

  7. Purpose-Driven Grading

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlson, Jane A. K.; Kimpton, Ann

    2010-01-01

    Allowing students to improve their grade by revising their written work may help students learn to revise, but it gives them no incentive to turn in quality work from the start. This article proposes a way to invert the process, thereby teaching students how to revise, while enforcing a more disciplined approach to good writing. (Contains 3…

  8. Endangered Animals. Second Grade.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popp, Marcia

    This second grade teaching unit centers on endangered animal species around the world. Questions addressed are: What is an endangered species? Why do animals become extinct? How do I feel about the problem? and What can I do? Students study the definition of endangered species and investigate whether it is a natural process. They explore topics…

  9. Write More, Grade Less: Five Practices for Effectively Grading Writing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lucas, Lisa

    2012-01-01

    One of the dilemmas that teachers frequently face is grading student papers. As a teacher, the author regularly reads research regarding instructional practices, grading, and assessment, but struggled to translate theory into practice in her own classroom. The intent of this article is to share one method of instructing and grading writing that…

  10. “十二五”期间陕西人身保险市场需求变化研究%Analysis of the Changes in Life Insurance Market Demand of Shaanxi Province During the Twelfth Five-Year

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨馥; 刘珺

    2012-01-01

    The development of life insurance market in Shaanxi Province will be promoted by the substainable development of Shaanxi's economy and society during the Twelfth Five-Year.The demand of life insurance is key index of the development of lif insurance market.The demand of life insurance market is measured by life insurance premiums in Shaanxi.Based on the data in 1990-2009,this paper provides positive analysis on the demand of life insurance market in Shaanxi by cointegration and logarithm function-model.Following the results,it predicts the trends of life insurance market demands in Shanxi during the Twelfth Five-Year plan,to provide theory basis for life insurance market planning.%"十二五"期间,陕西省经济的持续发展为陕西省人身保险市场的发展提供了有利契机。人身保险需求是度量人身保险市场发展状况的重要指标。文章以陕西省人身保险保费收入作为衡量人身保险市场需求的变量,参考保险密度和保险深度等指标,选取1990—2009年的相关数据,采用协整检验,利用自然对数模型对陕西省人身保险市场需求进行实证分析,并据此对"十二五"期间陕西省人身保险市场需求变化趋势进行预测,旨在为陕西省人身保险业规划提供理论依据。

  11. Determinants for grading Malaysian rice

    Science.gov (United States)

    ChePa, Noraziah; Yusoff, Nooraini; Ahmad, Norhayati

    2016-08-01

    Due to un-uniformity of rice grading practices in Malaysia, zones which actively producing rice in Malaysia are using their own way of grading rice. Rice grading is important in determining rice quality and its subsequent price in the market. It is an important process applied in the rice production industry with the purpose of ensuring that the rice produced for the market meets the quality requirements of consumer. Two important aspects that need to be considered in determining rice grades are grading technique and determinants to be used for grading (usually referred as rice attributes). This article proposes the list of determinants to be used in grading Malaysian rice. Determinants were explored through combination of extensive literature review and series of interview with the domain experts and practitioners. The proposed determinants are believed to be beneficial to BERNAS in improving the current Malaysian rice grading process.

  12. 我国个人教育收益中文凭效应的计量分析%Quantitative Analysis of Diploma Effects of Personal Return of Education:Evidence from China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈红; 张青根

    2015-01-01

    With the date from the“2008 Chinese General Social Survey”(CGSS 2008), this paper has investigated the diploma effects in the returns to education in China, and a comparative analysis was used to explore the diploma effects under different labor markets and work experience. Firstly, it finds that the diploma effects lies in the personal return of education significantly, namely, diploma effects of completing senior high school, junior college and university are relatively 29.6%, 27.6% and 35.3%. Secondly, a discontinuous jump can be found on the rate of personal return of education, namely, in the 13th year of schooling, particularly, the growth of personal return of education reaches its uppermost level; the highest level of personal return of education occurs in the 16th year altogether. Thirdly, there are no distinct differences of the diploma effects in secondary labor market, but the diploma effects of completing junior college and undergraduate education are relatively obvious in primary labor market. Besides, the diploma effects can be adjusted by work experience, reducing the diploma effects in the low level of education, while increasing the effects in the upper level of education. It suggests that the findings, to a certain extent, can be referred to the decision making in educational and economic policies as well as personal choice in education participation.%利用2008年全国综合调查数据,本研究考察并计量了1978-2008年我国各级教育个人收益中的文凭效应,并对不同劳动力市场及工作经历下的文凭效应进行了比较分析。研究发现,我国个人教育收益中存在显著的文凭效应,高中、大专以及本科毕业的文凭效应分别为29.6%、27.6%、35.3%;个人教育收益率存在不连续跳跃现象,受教育的第13年的收益率增幅最大,第16年的收益率最高;各级教育的文凭效应在次要劳动力市场并不明显,大专和本科教育的文凭效应在

  13. 运用计算机信息处理技术进行成人学历教育经费管理%Use computer Information Processing Technology for Adult Diploma Education Funds Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵钢

    2014-01-01

    该文探讨了运用计算机信息处理技术进行成人学历教育经费管理,解决的几方面关键性操作技能和技术难题。%This paper discusses the use of computer information processing technology to adult diploma education funds manage-ment, solve several aspects of the key skills and technical problems.

  14. 开展非学历教育和应用型技术培训的实践探索%Exploration on the Practice of Non-diploma Education and Applied Technology Training

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    霍慧玲

    2015-01-01

    知识经济时代,广播电视大学要立足学历教育,有计划地开展非学历教育和应用技术培训:与国际接轨,建立终身学习立交桥;借鉴“犹他模式”,走与地方政府相结合的道路;关注市场需求,为学生开设应用技术培训课程;重视非学历教育,开展多种形式的岗位培训。%In the era of knowledge-driven economy, TV Universities should keep a foothold on non-diploma educa-tion and plan to carry out non-diploma education and applied technology training, integrate with the world and build up life-long learning bridge, learn from"Utah Pattern" and combine with the local government, pay attention to the market demand and offer applied technology training course, attach great importance to non-diploma education and carry out various kinds of job training.

  15. 成人高等学历教育实施学分制教学管理研究%Adult Higher Diploma Education Credit System Teaching Management Research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张建环

    2015-01-01

    Adult education is the main channel to form a learning society, and the management is the sup-porting system. The study of adult higher diploma education teaching management is to improve the teach-ing management mode, optimize teaching management mechanism, to promote the performance of teaching management, to ensure to achieve the goals of teaching management, so as to maximize the effectiveness and efficiency. The credit system management has become the most important organic component in the modern higher education system.%成人教育是形成学习型社会的主渠道,其中,管理是支持体系。对成人高等学历教育教学管理进行研究,目的在于改善教学管理模式,优化教学管理机制,促进教学管理绩效的提升,保证教学管理目标的实现,从而最大限度地提高教学管理效果和效率。而学分制管理,已成为现代高等教育制度中的最重要的有机组成部分。

  16. Persistence, how do they do it? A case study of Access to Higher Education learners on a U.K. Diploma/BSc nursing programme.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinsliff-Smith, Kathryn; Gates, Peter; Leducq, Marion

    2012-01-01

    In 2006, the United Kingdom (U.K.) Department of Health (DoH) produced guidelines, requiring institutions to address the attrition rates for student nurses and midwives. This issue is not only a concern in the U.K. but has gained prominence in other Schools of Nursing including the U.S.A., Australia, and developing countries. Many Schools of Nursing have witnessed a change in their student population with a growing prominence of mature entrants (those over 21). Studies that focus on learner persistence, in particular mature students are relatively rare and very scarce on entrants with an Access to Higher Education (HE) qualification. This study, using focus group interviews, involved Access to HE learners who successfully progressed to a Diploma of Higher Education (DipHE)/Bachelor of Science (BSc) in Nursing at one U.K. University. The study findings indicated that Access to HE learners are able to develop a range of coping strategies in relation to academic demands and caring responsibilities, which are drawn upon in their DipHE/BSc programme. The findings have relevance for all Schools of Nursing as we face new and difficult challenges not least the global shortage of qualified nurses and the pressures placed on educators to retain student nurses.

  17. A comparative analysis of ethical development of student nurses registered for a basic degree and basic diploma programme in KwaZulu Natal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NG Mtshali

    2001-09-01

    Full Text Available A comparative descriptive study was conducted to establish whether the Comprehensive Basic Nursing Course (CBNC is able to develop students ethically, and how educational preparation from two different programmes (basic degree and basic diploma influence their ethical development. This study was conducted because of the concerns on the escalating number of litigations instituted against nurses. Several studies have indicated that some of these litigations are as a result of the growing complexity of the health care system and the society’s increasing awareness of their human rights. Some studies have shown that nurses are failing to make principled and ethically sound decisions because they are inadequately prepared to handle ethical issues in an ethically responsible manner. A purposively selected sample of third and fourth year students from both programmes was used. Data was collected from both groups through the use of questionnaires. The findings revealed that the students are developing ethically in a CBNC but the level of ethical development is influenced by their educational preparation, teaching approaches and strategies used, clinical environment, hospital bureaucracy, rules and policies.

  18. A randomized-control trial for the teachers' diploma programme on psychosocial care, support and protection in Zambian government primary schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaljee, Linda; Zhang, Liying; Langhaug, Lisa; Munjile, Kelvin; Tembo, Stephen; Menon, Anitha; Stanton, Bonita; Li, Xiaoming; Malungo, Jacob

    2017-04-01

    Orphaned and vulnerable children (OVC) experience poverty, stigma, and abuse resulting in poor physical, emotional, and psychological outcomes. The Teachers' Diploma Programme on Psychosocial Care, Support, and Protection is a child-centered 15-month long-distance learning program focused on providing teachers with the knowledge and skills to enhance their school environments, foster psychosocial support, and facilitate school-community relationships. A randomized controlled trial was implemented in 2013-2014. Both teachers (n=325) and students (n=1378) were assessed at baseline and 15-months post-intervention from randomly assigned primary schools in Lusaka and Eastern Provinces, Zambia. Multilevel linear mixed models (MLM) indicate positive significant changes for intervention teachers on outcomes related to self-care, teaching resources, safety, social support, and gender equity. Positive outcomes for intervention students related to future orientation, respect, support, safety, sexual abuse, and bullying. Outcomes support the hypothesis that teachers and students benefit from a program designed to enhance teachers' psychosocial skills and knowledge.

  19. 7 CFR 810.1404 - Grades and grade requirements for sorghum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Grades and grade requirements for sorghum. 810.1404... OFFICIAL UNITED STATES STANDARDS FOR GRAIN United States Standards for Sorghum >grades and Grade Requirements § 810.1404 Grades and grade requirements for sorghum. Grading factors Grades U.S. Nos. 1 1 2 3...

  20. Engineering graded tissue interfaces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phillips, Jennifer E; Burns, Kellie L; Le Doux, Joseph M; Guldberg, Robert E; García, Andrés J

    2008-08-26

    Interfacial zones between tissues provide specialized, transitional junctions central to normal tissue function. Regenerative medicine strategies focused on multiple cell types and/or bi/tri-layered scaffolds do not provide continuously graded interfaces, severely limiting the integration and biological performance of engineered tissue substitutes. Inspired by the bone-soft tissue interface, we describe a biomaterial-mediated gene transfer strategy for spatially regulated genetic modification and differentiation of primary dermal fibroblasts within tissue-engineered constructs. We demonstrate that zonal organization of osteoblastic and fibroblastic cellular phenotypes can be engineered by a simple, one-step seeding of fibroblasts onto scaffolds containing a spatial distribution of retrovirus encoding the osteogenic transcription factor Runx2/Cbfa1. Gradients of immobilized retrovirus, achieved via deposition of controlled poly(L-lysine) densities, resulted in spatial patterns of transcription factor expression, osteoblastic differentiation, and mineralized matrix deposition. Notably, this graded distribution of mineral deposition and mechanical properties was maintained when implanted in vivo in an ectopic site. Development of this facile and robust strategy is significant toward the regeneration of continuous interfacial zones that mimic the cellular and microstructural characteristics of native tissue.

  1. The evolving Gleason grading system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Ni; Zhou, Qiao

    2016-02-01

    The Gleason grading system for prostate adenocarcinoma has evolved from its original scheme established in the 1960s-1970s, to a significantly modified system after two major consensus meetings conducted by the International Society of Urologic Pathology (ISUP) in 2005 and 2014, respectively. The Gleason grading system has been incorporated into the WHO classification of prostate cancer, the AJCC/UICC staging system, and the NCCN guidelines as one of the key factors in treatment decision. Both pathologists and clinicians need to fully understand the principles and practice of this grading system. We here briefly review the historical aspects of the original scheme and the recent developments of Gleason grading system, focusing on major changes over the years that resulted in the modern Gleason grading system, which has led to a new "Grade Group" system proposed by the 2014 ISUP consensus, and adopted by the 2016 WHO classification of tumours of the prostate.

  2. Mechanics of Graded Wrinkles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raayai-Ardakani, Shabnam; Boyce, Mary

    2013-03-01

    Shark skin is known for its anti-fouling and self-cleaning properties. In attempts to mimic this pattern for getting similar properties, different surface patterns such as Sharklet and wrinkles have been previously introduced. Wrinkled patterns have gained importance in applications such as microfluidics, wetting and adhesion. Through buckling of a thin film of stiff material on a substrate of softer material, and maintaining symmetric geometries, ordered wrinkled patterns can be created. However, it can be shown that using the same principle, by changing the geometry of the surface, the dimensions of the wrinkles can be altered. This alteration turns ordered wrinkles into graded wrinkles which have more resemblance to shark skin than the ordered wrinkles, maintaining the same wave length while each wave having different amplitude. Here using finite element models, experiments and analytical solutions, the relations between different geometries and the resulting patterns were investigated.

  3. Koszul differential graded modules

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HE JiWei; WU QuanShui

    2009-01-01

    The concept of Koszulity for differential graded (DG, for short) modules is introduced. It is shown that any bounded below DG module with bounded Ext-group to the trivial module over a Koszul DG algebra has a Koszul DG submodule (up to a shift and truncation), moreover such a DG module can be approximated by Koszul DG modules (Theorem 3.6). Let A be a Koszul DG algebra, and Dc (A) be the full triangulated subcategory of the derived category of DG A-modules generated by the object AA. If the trivial DG module kA lies in Dc(A), then the heart of the standard t-structure on Dc(A) is anti-equivalent to the category of finitely generated modules over some finite dimensional algebra. As a corollary, Dc(A) is equivalent to the bounded derived category of its heart as triangulated categories.

  4. Koszul differential graded modules

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    The concept of Koszulity for differential graded (DG, for short) modules is introduced. It is shown that any bounded below DG module with bounded Ext-group to the trivial module over a Koszul DG algebra has a Koszul DG submodule (up to a shift and truncation), moreover such a DG module can be approximated by Koszul DG modules (Theorem 3.6). Let A be a Koszul DG algebra, and Dc(A) be the full triangulated subcategory of the derived category of DG A-modules generated by the object AA. If the trivial DG module kA lies in Dc(A), then the heart of the standard t-structure on Dc(A) is anti-equivalent to the category of finitely generated modules over some finite dimensional algebra. As a corollary, Dc(A) is equivalent to the bounded derived category of its heart as triangulated categories.

  5. Simplification in Graded Readers: Measuring the Authenticity of Graded Texts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Claridge, Gillian

    2005-01-01

    This study examines the characteristics and quality of simplification in graded readers as compared to those of "normal" authentic English. Two passages from graded readers are compared with the original passages. The comparison uses a computer programme, RANGE (Nation and Heatley, 2003) to analyse the distribution of high and low frequency words…

  6. Grade Point Average and Changes in (Great) Grade Expectations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wendorf, Craig A.

    2002-01-01

    Examines student grade expectations throughout a semester in which students offered their expectations three times during the course: (1) within the first week; (2) midway through the semester; and (3) the week before the final examination. Finds that their expectations decreased stating that their cumulative grade point average was related to the…

  7. Gleason Grade Progression Is Uncommon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Penney, Kathryn L.; Stampfer, Meir J.; Jahn, Jaquelyn L; Sinnott, Jennifer A.; Flavin, Richard; Rider, Jennifer R.; Finn, Stephen; Giovannucci, Edward; Sesso, Howard D.; Loda, Massimo; Mucci, Lorelei A.; Fiorentino, Michelangelo

    2013-01-01

    Gleason grade is universally used for pathologic scoring the differentiation of prostate cancer. However, it is unknown whether prostate tumors arise well-differentiated and then progress to less differentiated forms or if Gleason grade is an early and largely unchanging feature. Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) screening has reduced the proportion of tumors diagnosed at advanced stage, which allows assessment of this question on a population level. If Gleason grade progresses as stage does, one would expect a similar reduction in high grade tumors. We studied 1,207 Physicians’ Health Study and Health Professionals Follow-up Study participants diagnosed with prostate cancer 1982–2004 and treated with prostatectomy. We compared the distribution of grade and clinical stage across the pre-PSA and PSA screening eras. We re-reviewed grade using the ISUP 2005 revised criteria. The proportion of advanced stage tumors dropped more than six-fold, from the earliest period (12/1982–1/1993), 19.9% stage ≥T3, to the latest (5/2000–12/2004), 3% stage T3, none T4. The proportion of Gleason score ≥8 decreased substantially less, from 25.3% to 17.6%. A significant interaction between stage and diagnosis date predicting grade (p=0.04) suggests the relationship between grade and stage varies by time period. As the dramatic shift in stage since the introduction of PSA screening was accompanied by a more modest shift in Gleason grade, these findings suggest grade may be established early in tumor pathogenesis. This has implications for the understanding of tumor progression and prognosis, and may help patients diagnosed with lower grade disease feel more comfortable choosing active surveillance. PMID:23946472

  8. Grade Skipping in Gifted Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐云婕

    2016-01-01

    Grade skipping has been heatedly discussed with the development of gifted education. Experts and scholars are trying to do ifnd out the better way to cultivate those gifted children, to develop their potential, and make full use of their talent. Although grade skipping has long history, there is no certain comment about whether it is beneiftial to the gifted children.

  9. Grade Inflation in Higher Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ediger, Marlow

    The topic of grade inflation, the awarding of too many "A's" and "B's", is frequently mentioned in the literature on higher education. Many educational philosophies have suggested ways to evaluate students fairly. Some professors have used the bell-shaped curve as a model, giving grades according to the normal distribution curve regardless of the…

  10. 我国环保产业“十二五”技术发展重点领域%Key Areas of Technical Development on Environmental Protection Industry in China during the "Twelfth Five-year"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    燕中凯; 尚光旭

    2011-01-01

    基于我国环保产业的发展现状及政策背景,介绍了“十二五”我国环保产业发展重点技术领域及发展方向,包括水污染控制、大气污染控制、固体废弃物处理处置、噪声污染控制、土壤污染控制、重金属污染控制、农村面源污染控制等领域。%Based on the present status and policy background of environmental protection industry in China, the key technical areas and developing orientation on environmental protection industry development during the Twelfth Five-year arepresented, key areas such as water pollution control, air pollution control, solid waste treatment and disposal, noise pollution control, soil pollution control, heavy metal control and area source pollution control in rural areas.

  11. NASA/IEEE MSST 2004 Twelfth NASA Goddard Conference on Mass Storage Systems and Technologies in cooperation with the Twenty-First IEEE Conference on Mass Storage Systems and Technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kobler, Ben (Editor); Hariharan, P. C. (Editor)

    2004-01-01

    MSST2004, the Twelfth NASA Goddard / Twenty-first IEEE Conference on Mass Storage Systems and Technologies has as its focus long-term stewardship of globally-distributed storage. The increasing prevalence of e-anything brought about by widespread use of applications based, among others, on the World Wide Web, has contributed to rapid growth of online data holdings. A study released by the School of Information Management and Systems at the University of California, Berkeley, estimates that over 5 exabytes of data was created in 2002. Almost 99 percent of this information originally appeared on magnetic media. The theme for MSST2004 is therefore both timely and appropriate. There have been many discussions about rapid technological obsolescence, incompatible formats and inadequate attention to the permanent preservation of knowledge committed to digital storage. Tutorial sessions at MSST2004 detail some of these concerns, and steps being taken to alleviate them. Over 30 papers deal with topics as diverse as performance, file systems, and stewardship and preservation. A number of short papers, extemporaneous presentations, and works in progress will detail current and relevant research on the MSST2004 theme.

  12. The Development of Service Outsourcing Industry in Daqing in the Twelfth Five-Year Plan Period%“十二五”时期大庆市服务外包产业发展研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵勤

    2012-01-01

      加快服务外包产业发展是“十二五”时期大庆市加快经济发展方式转变和经济转型的有效途径。目前,大庆市服务外包产业面临着产业竞争力不强、人才制约严重等突出问题。推进服务外包产业发展,要科学谋划发展思路、重点领域和产业布局,实施人才优先战略,加快培育骨干企业,推进产业集聚,提速生产性服务业发展%  Speeding up the development of service outsourcing industry is an effective way to accelerate the transformation of the eco-nomic development pattern and economic restructure in Daqing in the Twelfth Five-Year Plan period. The service outsourcing indus-try in Daqing now faces some serious problems in terms of less competitiveness and severe personnel constraints. In order to promote the development of service outsourcing industry, the authorities should plan the development modes, key areas and industrial distribu-tion in a scientific way; implement talent priority strategies; accelerate cultivating backbone enterprises, advance industrial cluster and quicken the development of producer services.

  13. Thought on the Development of Wuhan Trade Logistics during the Twelfth Five-Year Plan%“十二五”期间武汉市商贸物流发展的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊文杰

    2011-01-01

    武汉是中国内陆重要的商品物流集散地,武汉商贸物流是全市物流业的重要组成部分,“十一五”以来,武汉商贸物流得到了较大的发展,但依然存在诸多不足,本文根据湖北省、武汉市“十二五”的发展规划,对武汉市“十二五”期间商贸物流的发展提出若干建议。%Wuhan is an important distribution center of commodity in China inland. Its trade logistics is the crucial part of Wuhan logistics industry. Since the Eleventh Five-Year Plan for National Economic and Social Develop- ment, Wuhan trade logistics has greatly developed, while there are still many disadvantages. This paper puts forward some suggestions on the development of Wuhan trade logistics in accordance with the twelfth Five-Year Development Plan.

  14. Review on the Development of Industrial Injury Insurance During the Period of the "Twelfth Five-year"%回顾"十二五"时期工伤保险事业的发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘梅

    2015-01-01

    During the "Twelfth Five-year" period, the industrial injury insurance system has being constantly improved, the level of legalization and standardization has been increased, the coverage has been further expanded, the funds supporting ability has been greatly enhanced, and the standard of treatment has been continuously improved. It has played a positive role in protecting the right of the injured employees, promoting further reform and economic development, and maintaining social harmony and stability.%"十二五"时期,工伤保险制度体系不断完善,工伤保险法制化、规范化水平得到提高,工伤保险制度覆盖范围进一步扩大,基金保障能力大幅增强,待遇水平持续提高,为保障工伤职工合法权益、促进深化改革和经济发展、维护社会和谐稳定发挥了积极作用.

  15. “十二五”时期广东节能潜力与实现途径研究%Potential and Implementation of Guangdong's Energy Conservation in the Twelfth Five-Year Plan Period

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴宏斌

    2012-01-01

    After calculating the energy-saving potential of Guangdong province, this essay shows the energy intensity per GDP of Guangdong can be reduced by 13.3%-19.2% in the Twelfth Five-Year Plan period. To realize the goal of the energy intensity per GDP reduction of 18% from 2011 up to 2015, it is necessary to establish the fiscal compensation and adjustment mechanism based on the increment of energy consumption.%“十二五”时期,广东的节能潜力即单位GDP能耗下降率的潜在空间在13.3%~19.2%之间,为实现国家下达的5年单位GDP能耗下降18%的节能目标,需在全省范围内建立合理的能源消费增量补偿与调节机制。

  16. 7 CFR 52.772 - Grades.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... United States Standards for Grades of Canned Red Tart Pitted Cherries 1 Identity and Grades § 52.772 Grades. (a) “U.S. Grade A” (or “U.S. Fancy”) is the quality of canned red tart pitted cherries that have.... Canned red tart pitted cherries of this grade may contain not more than eight cherries per sample...

  17. Intervenciones / Reflexiones en torno a las prácticas educativas del Diploma de Operador Socioeducativo en Economía Social y Solidaria en clave de Investigación Acción Participativa

    OpenAIRE

    Petit, Luciano; Copello, Mónica; Bianchi, Yolanda

    2016-01-01

    En el presente artículo pretendemos contar la experiencia del curso de extensión universitaria “Universidad y Economía Social y Solidaria. Reflexionando las prácticas educativas del Diploma de Operador Socioeducativo en Economía Social y Solidaria en clave de Investigación Acción Participativa” de la Universidad Nacional de Quilmes (Bernal, Argentina) como propuesta de reflexión sobre las prácticas para fortalecerlas, práctica–teoría–práctica, desde el método dela investigación acción partici...

  18. 学历教育合训学员创新素质评价体系研究%Research on Evaluation Index System of Innovation Quality of Cadets with Centralized Diploma Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王静; 刘志涛; 王俊伟

    2012-01-01

    文章基于层次分析法构建了学历教育合训学员创新素质评价指标体系,运用模糊综合评判法实现了对合训学员创新素质的定量评价,最后通过案例进行说明.%This paper built evaluation index system of innovation quality of cadets with centralized diploma education based on AHP and realized quantitative evaluation to cadets using fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method, finally, made the illustration by the case.

  19. Research on the Talent Training Reform of Diploma Continuing Education in Colleges and Universities%普通高校学历继续教育人才培养模式改革研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨斌; 李红霞; 常莉

    2015-01-01

    在学历继续教育发展的过程中,对普通高校学历继续教育人才培养模式也在不断地探索,特别是在教材建设、课程体系设置及人才培养方案等方面进行了卓有成效的研究。实践中,普通高校学历继续教育人才培养存在诸多问题,主要表现在:培养目标不清晰、课程设置不合理、教学过程不完善,以及质量监控不健全。对此,需要树立正确的学历继续教育观,从“三类合一”人才培养、教学方式、课程考试、毕业论文等方面推进普通高校学历继续教育人才培养模式改革。普通高校学历继续教育人才培养改革研究,有助于基于同一质量标准,将函授教育、业余教育和网络教育这三类学历继续教育打通培养,科学地构建人才培养模式,从而推进继续教育全面协调可持续发展。%In the development of diploma continuing education ,there are extensive researches on the talent training of diploma continuing education in colleges and universities ,among which sig‐nificant achievements have been made in the construction of the textbooks ,course delivery and tal‐ents training .Practically ,there exist many problems in the training of talents in diploma continuing education ,which can mainly be reflected in indefinite training goal ,inappropriate delivery of cour‐ses ,incompletion of teaching process , and imperfection of quality supervision . Therefore , we ought to uphold the right outlook on diploma continuing education ,promoting the talent training reform from four perspectives ,namely ,“three in one” talents training mode ,teaching methods , course exams ,and graduation thesis .The research can help link up correspondence education ,spare time education and online education with the same standard , and construct a scientific training mode of talents ,improving the comprehensive ,coordinated and sustainable development of contin‐uing education .

  20. 专科护生自我效能感与支持性沟通能力的相关性分析%STUDY ON CORRELATION BETWEEN GENERAL SELF-EFFICIENCY AND SUPPORTIVE COMMUNICATTION ABILITY OF DIPLOMA NURSING STUDENTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    惠亚娟

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore the present status of general self‐efficacy and supportive communication ability of diploma nursing students ,and investigate the correlation of them to provide the relevant basis for nursing teaching reform .Methods By using stratified cluster sampling ,a descriptive cross‐sectional study was conducted on 545 diploma nursing students who are studying in Shandong Medical College .Results The overall score of self‐efficacy among participants was 24 .33 ± 5 .23 .The overall score of supportive communication ability was 68 .49 ± 11 .69 .The score of supporting communication dimension was the high‐est ,followed by negative feedback and consulting .Correlation analysis showed diploma nursing students ’ general self‐efficacy and supportive communication ability were significantly positive ( r = 0 .57 P < 0 . 001) .Conclusion The general self‐efficacy and supportive communication ability of diploma of students need to be improved in school .%目的:探讨专科护生自我效能感与支持性沟通能力的现状及关系,为护理教学改革提供依据。方法分层整群抽取山东医专2012、2013级护生545人作为研究对象,进行自我效能感与支持性沟通能力的现状以及相关性分析。结果专科护生的一般自我效能感水平不高(24.33±5.23),支持性沟通能力的总分评定等级为良(68.49±11.69),其中支持性沟通维度得分最高,其次是负面反馈和辅导与咨询;一般自我效能感与支持性沟通能力成显著正相关(r=0.57, P <0.001)。结论专科护生的自我效能感与支持性沟通能力有待于提高,教学过程中应提供锻炼机会促进学生自我效能感和沟通能力的提高。

  1. Measuring grade inflation and grade divergence accounting for student quality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Horacio Matos-Díaz

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This study uses a rich longitudinal data-set of 13,202 full-time students belonging to 11 cohorts over 22 consecutive semesters (Fall 1995 to Spring 2006 to model the determinants of the grade inflation rates prevailing at the University of Puerto Rico at Bayamón. The following new interesting findings are reported: (1 Estimated rates vary significantly among and within the academic programs, implying grade divergence, depending on the time reference used: cohort time dummies or semesters since admission to the institution. (2 The rates are significantly related to the proportions of female students, students who switch from their original academic programs, and students from private schools. (3 Results suggest that, under determinate circumstances, average- and low-quality students consider higher grades as normal goods; conversely, high-quality students consider higher grades as inferior goods.

  2. Progressive problems higher grade physics

    CERN Document Server

    Kennedy, William

    2001-01-01

    This book fully covers all three Units studied in Scotland's Higher Grade Physics course, providing a systematic array of problems (from the simplest to the most difficult) to lead variously abled pupils to examination success.

  3. Severity grading in radial dysplasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vilkki, S K

    2014-11-01

    A functional scoring method to grade the usefulness and quality of the upper limbs in congenital radial dysplasia is presented. It is based on the author's examinations of 44 arms with congenital deficiency of the radius. The hand (H), wrist (W) and proximal parts (P) of the extremity are each scored from 0 to 10 points for severity. The scoring is expressed similarly to the TNM (tumour, nodes, metastasis) tumour classification, for example as H5W4P2. The maximum severity index is 30 points. A severity grade of mild is between 1 and 8 points, moderate between 9 and 16 points and severe 17 points and over. In the author's series, the grades were mild in eight, moderate in 21 and severe in 15 cases. The functional severity grading should allow better comparison of radially deficient limbs and the results of treatment between groups of patients. © The Author(s) 2014.

  4. 7 CFR 810.2204 - Grades and grade requirements for wheat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Grades and grade requirements for wheat. 810.2204... OFFICIAL UNITED STATES STANDARDS FOR GRAIN United States Standards for Wheat Principles Governing the Application of Standards § 810.2204 Grades and grade requirements for wheat. (a) Grades and grade requirements...

  5. Thermal rectification in graded materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jiao; Pereira, Emmanuel; Casati, Giulio

    2012-07-01

    In order to identify the basic conditions for thermal rectification we investigate a simple model with nonuniform, graded mass distribution. The existence of thermal rectification is theoretically predicted and numerically confirmed, suggesting that thermal rectification is a typical occurrence in graded systems, which are likely to be natural candidates for the actual fabrication of thermal diodes. In view of practical implications, the dependence of rectification on the asymmetry and system's size is studied.

  6. Discriminant Analysis on Land Grading

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Yaolin; HOU Yajuan

    2004-01-01

    This paper proposes the discriminant analysis on land grading after analyzing the common methods and discussing the Fisher's discriminant in detail. Actually this method deduces the dimension from multi to single, thus it makes the feature vectors in n-dimension change to a scalar, and use this scalar to classify samples. This paper illustrates the result by giving an example of the residential land grading by the discriminant analysis.

  7. Preferences With Grades of Indecisiveness

    OpenAIRE

    Stefania Minardi; Andrei Savochkin

    2013-01-01

    Departing from the traditional approach to modeling an agent who finds it difficult to make clear-cut comparisons between alternatives, we introduce the notion of graded preferences: Given two alternatives, the agent reports a number between 0 and 1, which reflects her inclination to prefer the first option over the second or, put differently, how confident she is about the superiority of the first one. In the classical framework of uncertainty, we derive a representation of a graded preferen...

  8. Graded/Gradient Porous Biomaterials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xigeng Miao

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Biomaterials include bioceramics, biometals, biopolymers and biocomposites and they play important roles in the replacement and regeneration of human tissues. However, dense bioceramics and dense biometals pose the problem of stress shielding due to their high Young’s moduli compared to those of bones. On the other hand, porous biomaterials exhibit the potential of bone ingrowth, which will depend on porous parameters such as pore size, pore interconnectivity, and porosity. Unfortunately, a highly porous biomaterial results in poor mechanical properties. To optimise the mechanical and the biological properties, porous biomaterials with graded/gradient porosity, pores size, and/or composition have been developed. Graded/gradient porous biomaterials have many advantages over graded/gradient dense biomaterials and uniform or homogenous porous biomaterials. The internal pore surfaces of graded/gradient porous biomaterials can be modified with organic, inorganic, or biological coatings and the internal pores themselves can also be filled with biocompatible and biodegradable materials or living cells. However, graded/gradient porous biomaterials are generally more difficult to fabricate than uniform or homogenous porous biomaterials. With the development of cost-effective processing techniques, graded/gradient porous biomaterials can find wide applications in bone defect filling, implant fixation, bone replacement, drug delivery, and tissue engineering.

  9. Research on the Assessment of Online Courses in Adult Higher Diploma Education%成人高等学历教育网络课程的评价研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付洋; 高佳莉; 邓添文

    2015-01-01

    随着成人高等学历教育网络教学相关支撑平台的广泛应用,网络课程的建设工作已成为应用阶段的主要任务,然而当前的网络课程建设的评价维度单一,评价指标过于泛化。为保证网络教学的质量,如何设计符合成人高等学历教育特点的网络课程评价体系需进行深入研究。%With the wide application of online teaching supporting platforms related to adult higher diploma education, the con-struction of online courses has been the major target of the appli-cation stage, however, the assessment of the current construction of online courses is single-dimensional, and the assessment in-dex is over generalized. In order to guarantee the quality of online teaching, how to design an online course assessment system con-forming to the characteristics of adult higher diploma education is worthy of in-depth study.

  10. 成人高等教育业余大专“定制式”人才培养模式探析%Explore the Talents Cultivating in Adult Diploma Education:An Customized Mode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付小平

    2015-01-01

    This paper discusses the meaning, features and characteristics in the “customized talents cultivating mode”of Part-time Adult Diploma Education. With a study on Shenzhen Polytechnic,we analyze the reasons why enterprises choose to train employees through“customized talents cultivating mode”in Part-time Adult Diploma Education. Three relations in applying this training mode must be dealt with and some problems and relevant measures are also suggested.%本文阐述了业余大专“定制式”人才培养模式的涵义、特征与特点,结合深圳职业技术学院开展“定制式”人才培养的实践情况进行了相关分析,并归纳了企业选择成教业余大专定制培养员工的原因,提出了在实施成教业余大专“定制式”人才培养模式过程中要处理好的三个关系,以及采用该模式存在的问题及对策。

  11. Implementation effect analysis on general medicine curriculum organization pattern in adults diploma education%成人学历教育全科医学概论课程组织模式实施效果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付映宏; 蔡纳新; 聂立华; 刘扬

    2015-01-01

    Objective To analysis the rationalization of general practice curriculum setting in adults diploma education, and evaluate implementation effect. Methods Questionnaire survey was taken among students of nursing in adult diploma education. Results Most of the students think that the curriculum setting and self-study time are appropriate, and adapt to the new teaching mode. The majority of students believe that teachers' teaching level is good, and be able to understand the idea of general medicine.Conclusions New curriculum organization pattern acquires better effect.%[目的]分析成人学历教育全科医学概论课程设置的合理性,评价实施效果。[方法]采用自填式问卷调查方法对成教护理专业(高起专)的学生进行问卷调查。[结果]大多数学生认为课时设置、自学学习时间合适,并能够适应新的教学模式;多数学生认为授课教师的教学水平好,能够很好地了解全科医学的理念。[结论]新的课程组织模式取得较好的效果。

  12. Physics IB diploma course companion

    CERN Document Server

    Kirk, Tim

    2010-01-01

    A student-friendly text that takes an active approach to learning and will help students link theory with the world around them, fostering critical and knowledgeable thinkers. A free CD contains further exercises, ideas for practical work and a bank of interactive multiple choice quizzes.

  13. 民办高校制定“十二五”发展规划的思考%Thinking of Development Outline Making of Non-public Colleges and Universities during "the Twelfth Five-year-plan"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘龙刚; 朱海玲

    2011-01-01

    “十二五”时期是我国全面建设小康社会的关键时期,国民经济增长方式的转变、经济社会发展战略的调整对民办高校教育改革和发展提出了新要求,民办高校发展的目标、重点、方式亦将发生深刻变化。本文首先从办学规模、办学模式、办学质量、办学特色、对外交流等五方面分析了民办高校的历程与成就,然后从国民经济增长方式和经济社会发展战略的调整对民办教育产生深远影响、国家中长期教育改革和发展规划纲要为民办高校发展指明了方向、民办高校发展仍然面临诸多自身内部问题等分析了民办高校发展所面临的形势;最后,从体制依托、服务转型、内涵发展、风险防范等四个方面提出了民办高校“十二五”时期发展对策与建议。为民办高校制定和实施“十二五”发展规划提供参考。%"The twelfth five-year-plan" period is a critical period of China's building a moderately prosperous society. National economic growth changes and adjustment of economic and social development strategy put forward new demands for reform and development of nonpublic colleges and universities. The objectives, priorities and methods of their development will also undergo profound changes. Firstly, this paper analyzes the history and achievements in the aspect of school size, school model, school quality, school characteristics, and foreign ex change, etc. Then it analyzes the situation which non-public colleges and universities are facing in the following aspects, e.g. , national economic growth method and adjustment of economic and social development strategy have a profound impact on non-public education, the state long-term education reform and development plan outline points out the direction for the development of non-public colleges and universities, development of private colleges and universities still face many problems within their own

  14. Prospect of agricultural informationization development in China during "the Twelfth Five-Year Plan"%“十二五”时期中国农业信息化发展前瞻

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺玢

    2012-01-01

    "十二五"时期,中国农业信息化正面临经济快速协调发展、城乡一体化、发展现代农业、新一代信息技术革命等有利机遇,但同时也面临社会认识不到位、农业信息技术产业发展缓慢、农业信息化扶持政策不配套、体制和机制不适应等因素的制约。中国农业信息化的发展趋势是:农业信息化由政府推动向需求拉动转变,农业信息服务向扁平化方向发展,农业信息化由单项技术应用向综合技术集成应用转变。%During the Twelfth Five-year Plan period,China's agricultural informationization faces many opportunities and challenges.First the paper analyzes the opportunities: the rapid economic development,urban-rural integration,the development of modern agriculture,the revolution of new generation information technology.Then the challenges are reviewed: social cognition is beyond the informationization development,agricultural information technology develops slowly,policy support on agricultural informationization does not fit the needs,institutions and mechanisms do not meet the restriction.Then the development tendency is proposed: agricultural informationization will transfer from government promotion to demand promotion,from point-to-point to flat structure,from single technology application to integrated application.

  15. “十二五”中国通胀治理的战略运筹%China's Strategic Operations for Controlling Inflation in the Twelfth Five-year Plan Period

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨枝煌

    2011-01-01

    China's inflation in the first year of the Twelfth Five-year Plan arises from four main reasons: liquidity overrun,expectation of inflation,input of US dollars,and rise of costs.To control this round of inflation scientifically,we must have an over-all vision and a long-term plan and make good use of economic,political,legal and other measures.In particular,we must work out strategic plans in finance,taxation and administration,relieve the expectation of inflation,use inflation as a tool for economic development and dilute the stress of Renminbi appreciation by inflation.%导致"十二五"开局之年中国通胀主要有四大因素:货币超发、预期催化、美元输入、成本推动。为科学治理此轮通胀,必须具有全局视野和长远眼光,利用经济、政治、法律等综合手段,尤其要在金融、财税、行政方面做出战略规划,控制好通胀的同时控制好通胀预期,把通胀作为经济发展的一种工具,以通胀对冲稀释人民币升值压力。

  16. Research on Tianjin Trade Circulation Industry Development During the Twelfth Five-Year Plan%“十二五”时期天津商贸流通业的发展重点研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱伟荣; 孙春华; 王桂英

    2012-01-01

    根据《天津市商贸流通业发展"十二五"规划》纲要,天津市商贸流通业在"十二五"期间承担着汇聚商业巨头、广泛辐射周边、成为在国内国际具有重要影响的中国北方商贸中心的目标,将建设成为在国内外具有重要影响、独具魅力的中国北方商贸中心和国际性时尚消费之都。本文在分析天津市商贸流通业的现状和存在问题、发展环境与趋势的基础上,提出了今后发展十大重点任务,概括为"实施一战略,构建三体系,开展四工程,完善两机制"。%Based on During the Twelfth Five-Year Plan for the Development of Tianjin Trade Circulation Industry, the said industry will be taking the important part of becoming the business center and international city of fashion consumption in northern China which gathers business tycoons and intensively influences the surrounding areas. The article analyses the present situation, problems and environment of the said industry, putting forward a tentative idea for the ten key tasks which can be generalized into one strategy, three systems, four projects and two systems.

  17. “十二五”时期武汉经济结构转型升级评估%Economic Structure of Wuhan Transformation and Upgrading Assessment During"Twelfth five-year"Period

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪涛; 汪子奇; 李红艳

    2016-01-01

    通过比较19个副省级以上城市经济结构,结合武汉市“十二五”规划指标完成情况,评估武汉经济结构转型程度,发现武汉经济结构转型进展迟缓,主要原因在于转型动力不足、结构协同呈现明显分化,使得现有经济结构与经济实力、经济增长态势、支撑未来经济持续快速增长需要三个均不匹配。在“十三五”时期,武汉应坚持“五驱并举、协同升级”的思路。%By comparing 19 vice provincial level city economic structure, combined with the planning targets completion of Wuhan during "twelfth five-year" period, assess the extent of the economic structure transformation of Wuhan, found slow progress in economic restructuring, the reason is mainly the transformation underpowered and significant differentiation in col-laborative structure. This leaded to the existing economic structure and economic strength, economic growth, requires of sup-porting the future sustained and rapid economic growth do not match. Wuhan should adhere to the "five drives simultaneously, synergy upgrade "ideas during "thirteen five" period.

  18. Prospect of Biomanufacturing Industry During the Next National Twelfth Five-Year Plan Period%生物制造产业“十二五”时期发展展望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石维忱

    2011-01-01

    The biomanufacturing industry is the important guarantee to support sustainable development of social economy.Biomanufacturing technology is applied widely in chemical industry,food industry,pharmacy industry,paper industry,textile industry,mining industry,energy industry and environmental protection.Biomanufacturing is of great strategic significance to accelerate economic restructuring,transform growth mode,propel economical development,clean development,and safety development,and establish green and sustainable industrial economy system.The current status and existed problems of biomanufacturing industry were presented.The development strategies,directions,and goals of biomanufacturing industry during the next National Twelfth Five-Year Plan period were proposed.%生物制造产业是支撑社会经济可持续发展的重要保障,生物制造技术广泛应用于化工、食品、制药、造纸、纺织、采矿、能源以及环境保护等许多重要领域.生物制造对于我国加快调整经济结构、转变增长方式,节约发展、清洁发展、安全发展,建立绿色与可持续的产业经济体系具有重大战略意义.论述了生物制造产业的发展现状和存在的问题,并对其在"十二五"期间的发展思路、发展方向、发展目标进行了展望.

  19. On the union of graded prime ideals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uregen Rabia Nagehan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we investigate graded compactly packed rings, which is defined as; if any graded ideal I of R is contained in the union of a family of graded prime ideals of R, then I is actually contained in one of the graded prime ideals of the family. We give some characterizations of graded compactly packed rings. Further, we examine this property on h – Spec(R. We also define a generalization of graded compactly packed rings, the graded coprimely packed rings. We show that R is a graded compactly packed ring if and only if R is a graded coprimely packed ring whenever R be a graded integral domain and h – dim R = 1.

  20. Functionally Graded Mo sintered steels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Cisneros-Belmonte

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Functionally graded materials (FGM, the multi-materials, strive to satisfy the numerous requirements demanded of parts in a given combination of compositions and microstructures. The required material compatibility lead the manufacturing process and the achieving of an interface, not always diffuse. Powder metallurgy is one of the techniques used in manufacturing functionally graded materials, in particular the compaction matrix of the possible techniques for forming these materials. In this paper, a process of forming a functionally graded steel based on the use of a high molybdenum steel with cooper and other steel with copper, without molybdenum, is proposed with the aim of concentrating this element to the surface of the workpiece, increasing the mechanical strength. The study is completed with the evaluation of physical properties (density and porosity distribution, mechanical properties (hardness, tensile strength and elongation and microstructural analysis by optical and scanning electron microscopy.

  1. 7 CFR 810.2004 - Grades and grade requirements for triticale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Grades and grade requirements for triticale. 810.2004... OFFICIAL UNITED STATES STANDARDS FOR GRAIN United States Standards for Triticale Principles Governing the Application of Standards § 810.2004 Grades and grade requirements for triticale. Grade Minimum test weight...

  2. 42 CFR 21.29 - Eligibility; grades above senior assistant grade.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Eligibility; grades above senior assistant grade... PERSONNEL COMMISSIONED OFFICERS Appointment § 21.29 Eligibility; grades above senior assistant grade. Every candidate for examination for appointment in grades above that of senior assistant shall meet the...

  3. 7 CFR 810.1004 - Grades and grade requirements for oats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Grades and grade requirements for oats. 810.1004... OFFICIAL UNITED STATES STANDARDS FOR GRAIN United States Standards for Oats Principles Governing the Application of Standards § 810.1004 Grades and grade requirements for oats. Grade Minimum limits— Test weight...

  4. 基于SSH的毕业设计管理系统的设计与实现%Design and implementation of diploma-project management system based on SSH

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑浩; 刘建芳

    2012-01-01

    毕业设计是高等学校人才培养过程中不可或缺的重要环节,为了解决毕业设计环节中存在的不足,减少时间、空间上的限制,减轻教务管理人员、指导老师以及学生的负担,本课题以平顶山学院软件学院的毕业设计教学管理工作为依据,设计并实现了基于SSH框架的毕业设计管理系统。系统采用MVC设计模式,将表示层,业务逻辑层和控制逻辑层清晰地分离出来,各层次之间接口清晰,耦合度低,易于扩展。使用Struts框架、Spring框架和Hibernate框架方便地构建Web应用,提高系统设计与实现的效率。%Diploma-project is an indispensable part of the ability training of undergraduate education.This work is very useful to train the students to analyze and solve practical problems with basic knowledge,and improve the operation ability of students.According to the diploma-project work of software academy of Pingdingshan University,This thesis designs and implements diploma-project management system based on SSH framework.This system uses the MVC design pattern to separate the system into three layers,including the presentation layer,business logic layer and control layer.This design pattern makes the interface clearly between each administrative level,has low degree of coupling,and easy to expand and so on.The using of Struts framework,Spring framework and Hibernate framework makes the development of Web applications easily,and also improves the efficiency of system design and implementation.

  5. Social Studies Curriculum: Grade Six.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pease, Arthur

    This document outlines the content of the grade 6 social studies curriculum of the Lebanon School District, Lebanon, New Hampshire. The program is essentially a chronological review of western civilization, which includes pre-historic man, early civilization, classical civilizations of Greece and Rome, Medieval period, and the Age of Expansion.…

  6. The Ninth-Grade Challenge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Habeeb, Scott

    2013-01-01

    Across the country, high schools have found that their ninth-grade students have the highest rates of truancy, discipline referrals, failures, and retentions. A school's worst data points are usually found among freshmen. For this reason, proactive schools seek strategies for transitioning freshmen into high school. An effective freshman…

  7. Contract grading in clinical evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schoolcraft, V; Delaney, C

    1982-01-01

    The use of contracts in grading clinical performance has provided faculty with a solution to two important problems. One has been how to ensure that students are graded consistently among the various faculty who are grading the same clinical component of a course. The second has been to increase the opportunity for individualized attention to student learning needs. We have been pleased to see all the faculty members increase their input and involvement in the continuing modifications of the contract. Although we have taken the major responsibility for the semi-annual revisions of the contract, other faculty members have been increasingly more explicit in their evaluations and suggestions as their experience with the contract has expanded. Their confidence in this method of clinical evaluation has increased with each semester of use. We plan to continue in the refinement of the instrument and will develop materials for the use of other faculty groups who are interested in developing similar contracts. We are also designing a survey to attempt to discover how widespread is the use of contract grading in clinical areas.

  8. Seals. Grades 3-6.

    Science.gov (United States)

    New England Aquarium, Boston, MA.

    Explanations of a marine mammal rescue program and information on seals and sea lions are presented in this curriculum package for intermediate grade teachers. Activities are highlighted which focus on the natural history of harbor seals. This unit contains: (1) pre-trip activities (including fact sheets and worksheets on the different types of…

  9. Predicting Grades in Basic Algebra.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newman, Elise

    1994-01-01

    Data from (n=470) students at Owens Technical College in Fall 1991 showed that high school GPA was the best predictor of grades in Basic Algebra, followed by high school rank, college GPA, ACT natural sciences, ASSET numerical skills, and ASSET elementary algebra scores. (11 references) (SW)

  10. The Reliability of College Grades

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beatty, Adam S.; Walmsley, Philip T.; Sackett, Paul R.; Kuncel, Nathan R.; Koch, Amanda J.

    2015-01-01

    Little is known about the reliability of college grades relative to how prominently they are used in educational research, and the results to date tend to be based on small sample studies or are decades old. This study uses two large databases (N > 800,000) from over 200 educational institutions spanning 13 years and finds that both first-year…

  11. Grading Policy and Student Retention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Behnke, Ralph R.; Sawyer, Chris R.; King, Paul E.

    1999-01-01

    Focuses on poor grades, one of the primary reasons students drop out of school. Recommends that borderline students be earmarked for special treatment rather than be held to rigorous academic standards or passed when they are actually failing. Suggests that operational procedures for the implementation of special treatment be pedagogically…

  12. Grading Rubrics: Hoopla or Help?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howell, Rebecca J.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to offer some quantitative, multivariate evidence concerning the impact of grading rubric use on academic outcome among American higher education students. Using a pre-post, quasi-experimental research design, cross-sectional data were derived from undergraduates enrolled in an elective during spring and fall 2009 at…

  13. Functionally Graded Material: An overview

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Mahamood, RM

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Functionally Graded Material (FGM) belongs to a class of advanced material characterized by variation in properties as the dimension varies. The overall properties of FMG are unique and different from any of the individual material that forms it...

  14. Graded contractions of Virasoro algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Kostyakov, I V; Kuratov, V V

    2001-01-01

    We describe graded contractions of Virasoro algebra. The highest weight representations of Virasoro algebra are constructed. The reducibility of representations is analysed. In contrast to standart representations the contracted ones are reducible except some special cases. Moreover we find an exotic module with null-plane on fifth level.

  15. Mid-term Evaluation of Hangzhou Environmental Protection Planning during “Twelfth Five-year” Plan%杭州市“十二五”环境保护规划中期评估研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶敏; 卢滨; 施军峰

    2015-01-01

    杭州市“十二五”环保规划已实施过半,为了评估规划的实施效果,根据规划内容分析评估了规划指标、主要任务、重点工程、政策措施等四方面的完成情况,梳理了实施过程中存在的三个问题。一是污染物减排动力依然大,二是环境质量改善任重道远,三是隐性污染威胁环境安全。针对存在问题,提出了强化领导健全机制、落实问责制度、加大“三清”行动(清洁水源、清洁空气、清洁土壤)力度、加大产业转型力度、加强环境依法建设、加大环保投入力度等六项对策措施。%Hangzhou“Twelfth Five-year” environmental protection plan has been implemented for 3 years.In order to eval-uate the effect of planning, three main problems and their corresponding countermeasures have been put forward according to the plan, the index, main tasks, key projects and policy measures.The problems includes large pollutant emissions, difficult to im-prove the quality of the environment , the recessive pollution threatening the safety of the environment.In view of the existing problems, this paper puts forward to 6 countermeasures, such as strengthening the leadership mechanism, implementing the re-sponsibility system, strengthening the “three cleaning action” ( cleaning water action, cleaning air action, cleaning soil action) , strengthening environmental law construction, increasing investment in environmental protection.

  16. 安全生产"十二五"规划若干统计指标考量%Research on several indicators in the twelfth five-year program for work safety

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘铁民; 任智刚

    2011-01-01

    生产安全事故统计指标是安全生产监督管理及宏观决策重要依据.为进一步完善我国职业伤害统计指标体系,对安全生产规划中若干指标的科学性和实用性以及存在问题进行了探索.在进行初步实验计算、理论分析和国内外安全生产事故主要统计指标特点对比研究后,提出:在该规划指标中调整或删去"亿元国内生产总值死亡率";增加非致死性事故统计数据,以能更好代表职业伤害事故总量;适度应用重特大事故起数指标和提高十万人死亡率统计指标精确性等几点建议.作者认为应加强职业伤害指标体系研究,从而尽快实现我国统计指标与国际接轨,在中重现中国职业伤害统计数据.%Occupational injury indicators play important roles in work safety administration and macro decision-making.To further improve the system of statistical indicators of occupational injury, the scientific and practicability as well as problems about several occupational indicators in the Twelfth Five-year program for work safety were studied.Based on preliminary calculation, theoretical analysis and comparison of main occupational injury indicators at home and abroad, we gave a few suggestions, namely adjusting or deleting the indicator fatal rate per one hundred million GDP, increasing non-fatal accident statistic indicators to better representative of the total occupational injuties, applying indicators of major accidents appropriately and increasing accuracy of the indicator fatal numbers per 100000 workers.We advised that we should strengthen research on occupational injury indicators so as to consistent with international standards of occupational injury statistical indicators soon as possible, and to make occupational injury data of China return in the Yearbook of International Labor Statistics.

  17. Marijuana Use from Middle to High School: Co-occurring Problem Behaviors, Teacher-Rated Academic Skills and Sixth-Grade Predictors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ehrenreich, Heidi; Nahapetyan, Lusine; Orpinas, Pamela; Song, Xiao

    2015-10-01

    Rising marijuana use and its lowered perceived risk among adolescents highlight the importance of examining patterns of marijuana use over time. This study identified trajectories of marijuana use among adolescents followed from middle through high school, characterized these by co-occurring problem behaviors and teacher-rated academic skills (study skills, attention problems, and learning problems), and tested sixth-grade predictors of trajectory membership. The sample consisted of a randomly-selected cohort of 619 students assessed annually from sixth to twelfth grade. Using group-based modeling, we identified four trajectories of marijuana use: Abstainer (65.6%), Sporadic (13.9%), Experimental (11.5%), and Increasing (9.0%). Compared to Abstainers, students in the Sporadic, Experimental and Increasing trajectories reported significantly more co-occurring problem behaviors of alcohol use, cigarette smoking, and physical aggression. Sporadic and Experimental users reported significantly less smoking and physical aggression, but not alcohol use, than Increasing users. Teachers consistently rated Abstainers as having better study skills and less attention and learning problems than the three marijuana use groups. Compared to Abstainers, the odds of dropping out of high school was at least 2.7 times higher for students in the marijuana use trajectories. Dropout rates did not vary significantly between marijuana use groups. In sixth grade, being male, cigarette smoking, physical aggression and attention problems increased the odds of being in the marijuana use trajectories. Multiple indicators--student self-reports, teacher ratings and high school dropout records--showed that marijuana was not an isolated or benign event in the life of adolescents but part of an overall problem behavior syndrome.

  18. 论对高校发放毕业证和学位证书的司法审查%On Judicial Review of Universities' Issuing Diplomas and Academic Degree Certificates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪秋慧

    2012-01-01

    受到特别权力关系理论的影响,在传统上,学生与高校在发放毕业证和学位证书环节引发的纠纷,很难得到司法审查。随着该理论的发展,对特别权力关系事项的部分进行司法审查已基本成为共识。就高校领域而言,司法有限介入的原因主要在于大学自治。具体到对高校发放毕业证和学位证书环节,司法应该有权进行审查,但同时应遵守合法性审查、合理性审查和注重程序审查的原则。%Being affected by the theory of special power relationship,traditionally,it is difficult for the dispute caused by the students in the course of universities' issuing diplomas and academic degree certificates to be heard.With the development of the theory,judicial review of the part of the special power relationship has basically become a consensus.For the field of universities,The cause of limited judicial intervention is mainly due to the university autonomy.For universities' issuing diplomas and academic degree certificates,the judiciary should have the right to review,but shall comply with the principle of legal review,the principle of reasonable review and the principle of focusing on procedure review.

  19. Generalized Green Correspondence of Graded Modules

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Salah El-Din; S.HUSSEIN

    2009-01-01

    The author studies the Green correspondence and quasi-Green correspondence for indecomposable modules over strongly graded rings.The motivation is to investigate the influence of induction and restriction processes on indecomposability of graded modules.

  20. Academic Interest Rates and Grade Inflation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davidson, James F.

    1975-01-01

    Traces the causes and effects of the devaluation of honors grades over the past fifteen years noting particularly effects on transcripts and grades as a means of exchange and suggesting faculty responsibility for restoration of academic standards. (JT)

  1. Suggestions for Responding to the Dilemma of Grading Students' Writing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Rebecca S.; Speck, Bruce W.

    1997-01-01

    Discusses the four-week summer Memphis (Tennessee) Urban Writing Institute, during which a furor erupted over the dilemma of grading. Provide a number of approaches to grading students' writing, including minimalist grading, cassette grading, collaborative grading, and portfolio grading. Suggests that teachers consider the grading dilemma and…

  2. Differential Calculus on N-Graded Manifolds

    OpenAIRE

    Sardanashvily, G.; W. Wachowski

    2017-01-01

    The differential calculus, including formalism of linear differential operators and the Chevalley–Eilenberg differential calculus, over N-graded commutative rings and on N-graded manifolds is developed. This is a straightforward generalization of the conventional differential calculus over commutative rings and also is the case of the differential calculus over Grassmann algebras and on Z2-graded manifolds. We follow the notion of an N-graded manifold as a local-ringed space whose body is a s...

  3. 核心词汇折射中国测绘地理信息发展方向标——从国家及各地区“十二五”《纲要》看中国测绘地理信息的发展脉络%The Core Vocabulary of Refraction Mapping Geographic Information Development Direction in China:From National and Regional "Twelfth Five" "Outline" See China Surveying and Mapping Geographic Information Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    桂德竹; 徐坤; 刘芳

    2013-01-01

    Realization of Surveying and mapping geographic information science development, the government needs to include the local national economic and social development of " Twelfth Five" , and to give strong support and promote. Through the national and regional economic and social development of " Twelfth Five" program related to surveying and mapping geographic information of high frequency vocabulary comparison, analysis of " Twelfth Five" " during our mapping geographic information development direction.%实现测绘地理信息科学发展,需要各级政府将其列入本地区国民经济和社会发展“十二五”规划,并给予强有力的支持和推动.通过国家及各地区的国民经济和社会发展“十二五”规划纲要中有关测绘地理信息的高频词汇比较,解析“十二五”期间我国测绘地理信息的发展方向.

  4. Case Studies in Policy Making. Twelfth Edition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    Washington or Bogota —for a military build-up without a commensurate effort to address the root causes of the conflict through programs focusing on poverty...been a place of importance at the junction of the Blue and White Nile rivers . Much of the land was converted to Christianity in the sixth century and...government in Darfur, in May 2008, the JEM succeed- ed in striking Omdurman—a town just across the Nile River from the capital, Khartoum. Moreover, when

  5. Differential Calculus on N-Graded Manifolds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Sardanashvily

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The differential calculus, including formalism of linear differential operators and the Chevalley–Eilenberg differential calculus, over N-graded commutative rings and on N-graded manifolds is developed. This is a straightforward generalization of the conventional differential calculus over commutative rings and also is the case of the differential calculus over Grassmann algebras and on Z2-graded manifolds. We follow the notion of an N-graded manifold as a local-ringed space whose body is a smooth manifold Z. A key point is that the graded derivation module of the structure ring of graded functions on an N-graded manifold is the structure ring of global sections of a certain smooth vector bundle over its body Z. Accordingly, the Chevalley–Eilenberg differential calculus on an N-graded manifold provides it with the de Rham complex of graded differential forms. This fact enables us to extend the differential calculus on N-graded manifolds to formalism of nonlinear differential operators, by analogy with that on smooth manifolds, in terms of graded jet manifolds of N-graded bundles.

  6. Current treatment of low grade gliomas

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.J. van den Bent (Martin); T.A.B. Snijders (Tom); J.E.C. Bromberg (Jacolien)

    2012-01-01

    textabstractLow grade gliomas affect predominantly young adults, and have a relatively favorable prognosis compared to grade III and grade IV gliomas. The challenge for an optimal management of these patients is to find the balance between an optimal survival and the preservation of neurological fun

  7. Fair & Accurate Grading for Exceptional Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, Lee Ann; Guskey, Thomas R.

    2011-01-01

    Despite the many changes in education over the past century, grading and reporting practices have essentially remained the same. In part, this is because few teacher preparation programs offer any guidance on sound grading practices. As a result, most current grading practices are grounded in tradition, rather than research on best practice. In an…

  8. Does Education Corrupt? Theories of Grade Inflation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oleinik, Anton

    2009-01-01

    Several theories of grade inflation are discussed in this review article. It is argued that grade inflation results from the substitution of criteria specific to the search for truth by criteria of quality control generated outside of academia. Particular mechanisms of the grade inflation that occurs when a university is transformed into a…

  9. Science for Grades 6-9.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nederland Independent School District, TX.

    GRADES OR AGES: Grades 6-9. SUBJECT MATTER: General science, life science, earth science, and physical science. ORGANIZATION AND PHYSICAL APPEARANCE: The guide is divided into separate sections for each grade. Each section is further subdivided into units. The major portion of each unit is laid out in four columns; column headings are concepts,…

  10. Elementary Mathematics, Grades 1-6.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nederland Independent School District, TX.

    GRADES OR AGES: Grades 1-6. SUBJECT MATTER: Elementary math. ORGANIZATION AND PHYSICAL APPEARANCE: Introductory material focuses on the philosophy and objectives of instructional material. The guide is divided into six units covering grades 1-6. Each unit presents the general goals, materials needed, minimum program, skills to be developed,…

  11. Graded Course of Study, Science (K-12).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Euclid City Schools, OH.

    This course of study specifies the science skills and concepts that are to be taught in the various grades of the Euclid (Ohio) City Schools. Included are instructional objectives for the life, physical, and earth sciences for grades K to 6, suggested field trips and planetarium schedules (by elementary grade levels), and scope and sequence charts…

  12. 7 CFR 51.1575 - U.S. Grade A Small; U.S. Grade A Medium; U.S. Grade A Medium to Large; U.S. Grade A Large.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false U.S. Grade A Small; U.S. Grade A Medium; U.S. Grade A Medium to Large; U.S. Grade A Large. 51.1575 Section 51.1575 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of... Potatoes Grades § 51.1575 U.S. Grade A Small; U.S. Grade A Medium; U.S. Grade A Medium to Large; U.S. Grade...

  13. 7 CFR 51.1576 - U.S. Grade B Small; U.S. Grade B Medium; U.S. Grade B Medium to Large; U.S. Grade B Large.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false U.S. Grade B Small; U.S. Grade B Medium; U.S. Grade B Medium to Large; U.S. Grade B Large. 51.1576 Section 51.1576 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of... Potatoes Grades § 51.1576 U.S. Grade B Small; U.S. Grade B Medium; U.S. Grade B Medium to Large; U.S. Grade...

  14. 7 CFR 810.1804 - Grades and grade requirements for sunflower seed.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Grades and grade requirements for sunflower seed. 810... AGRICULTURE OFFICIAL UNITED STATES STANDARDS FOR GRAIN United States Standards for Sunflower Seed Principles Governing the Application of Standards § 810.1804 Grades and grade requirements for sunflower seed....

  15. Inproved grade length limitation of freeways

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XING En-hui; PEI Yu-long

    2006-01-01

    A method of ascertaining grade length limitation of freeways in mountain terrain is presented. The relationship models between 15th percentile speeds and grades were built through the surveys and analyses of operation speeds on 7 typical sections of 3 freeways in mountain terrain. Using 15th percentile and 85th percentile as speed limitations, the methods of determining admitted velocities were put forward according to the grades. Deceleration distances of longitudinal slopeways were analyzed utilizing the theories of vehicle. According to the results of analysis, grade length limitation was loosed. Finally the values of grade length limitation for freeways were put forward. The results could be used as references for freeway design.

  16. Decreased group velocity in compositionally graded films.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Lei

    2006-03-01

    A theoretical formalism is presented that describes the group velocity of electromagnetic signals in compositionally graded films. The theory is first based on effective medium approximation or the Maxwell-Garnett approximation to obtain the equivalent dielectric function in a z slice. Then the effective dielectric tensor of the graded film is directly determined, and the group velocities for ordinary and extraordinary waves in the film are derived. It is found that the group velocity is sensitively dependent on the graded profile. For a power-law graded profile f(x)=ax(m), increasing m results in the decreased extraordinary group velocity. Such a decreased tendency becomes significant when the incident angle increases. Therefore the group velocity in compositionally graded films can be effectively decreased by our suitable adjustment of the total volume fraction, the graded profile, and the incident angle. As a result, the compositionally graded films may serve as candidate material for realizing small group velocity.

  17. Cytological grading of breast carcinoma on fine needle aspirates and its relation with histological grading

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jyoti Prakash Phukan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Grading of breast carcinoma on fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC is beneficial for selecting patients for neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Aims: To grade the breast carcinoma on FNAC using Robinson grading system and to assess the concordance of cytological grading (CG with histological grading (HG using Elston-Ellis modification of Scarff-Bloom-Richardson grading system. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted for 1-year, comprising of 50 female patients attending outpatient departments (OPD as well as admitted in various surgical wards of a teaching hospital, diagnosed as breast carcinoma. FNAC smears were stained with May-Grunwald-Giemsa and Papanicolaou (Pap stains and CG was done using Robinson system on Pap stained smears. The results were compared with HG system after resection of tumors. Results: Of 50 cases, 14 (28% cases were graded as grade I, 24 (48% grade II, and 12 (24% grade III by CG, whereas 9 (18%, 28 (56% and 13 (26% cases were graded as grade I, II and III by HG. The result showed overall 72% concordance of CG with HG, with grade II and grade III showing highest degree of concordance (83.33%, which is comparable to previous studies. Kappa measurement showed a higher degree of agreement in high-grade tumors compared with low-grade tumors (0.73 in grade III, 0.53 in grade II and 0.39 in grade I. Conclusion: Cytological grading is comparable to HG in majority of cases. Because neoadjuvant chemotherapy is becoming increasingly popular as primary treatment modality of breast cancer, CG could be a useful parameter in selecting the mode of therapy and predicting tumor behavior.

  18. Graded bandgap perovskite solar cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ergen, Onur; Gilbert, S. Matt; Pham, Thang; Turner, Sally J.; Tan, Mark Tian Zhi; Worsley, Marcus A.; Zettl, Alex

    2017-05-01

    Organic-inorganic halide perovskite materials have emerged as attractive alternatives to conventional solar cell building blocks. Their high light absorption coefficients and long diffusion lengths suggest high power conversion efficiencies, and indeed perovskite-based single bandgap and tandem solar cell designs have yielded impressive performances. One approach to further enhance solar spectrum utilization is the graded bandgap, but this has not been previously achieved for perovskites. In this study, we demonstrate graded bandgap perovskite solar cells with steady-state conversion efficiencies averaging 18.4%, with a best of 21.7%, all without reflective coatings. An analysis of the experimental data yields high fill factors of ~75% and high short-circuit current densities up to 42.1 mA cm-2. The cells are based on an architecture of two perovskite layers (CH3NH3SnI3 and CH3NH3PbI3-xBrx), incorporating GaN, monolayer hexagonal boron nitride, and graphene aerogel.

  19. A novel graded density impactor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winter, R. E.; Cotton, M.; Harris, E. J.; Chapman, D. J.; Eakins, D.

    2014-05-01

    Ramp loading using graded-density-impactors as flyers in gas-gun-driven plate impact experiments can yield new and useful information about the equation of state and the strength properties of the loaded material. Selective Laser Melting, an additive manufacture technique, was used to manufacture a graded density flyer, termed the "bed of nails" (BON). A 2 mm thick × 100 mm diameter solid disc of stainless steel formed a base for an array of tapered spikes of length 6 mm and spaced 1 mm apart. The two experiments to test the concept were performed at impact velocities of 900 m/s and 1100 m/s using the 100 mm gas gun at the Institute of Shock Physics at Imperial College, London. In each experiment a BON flyer was impacted onto a copper buffer plate which helped to smooth out perturbations in the wave profile. The ramp delivered to the copper buffer was in turn transmitted to three tantalum targets of thicknesses 3, 5 and 7 mm, which were mounted in contact with the back face of the copper. Heterodyne velocimetry was used to measure the velocity-time history, at the back faces of the tantalum discs. The wave profiles display a smooth increase in velocity over a period of ~2.5 us, with no indication of a shock jump. The measured profiles have been analysed to generate a stress strain curve for tantalum. The results have been compared with the predictions of the Sandia National Laboratories hydrocode, CTH.

  20. New similarity search based glioma grading

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haegler, Katrin; Brueckmann, Hartmut; Linn, Jennifer [Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich, Department of Neuroradiology, Munich (Germany); Wiesmann, Martin; Freiherr, Jessica [RWTH Aachen University, Department of Neuroradiology, Aachen (Germany); Boehm, Christian [Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich, Department of Computer Science, Munich (Germany); Schnell, Oliver; Tonn, Joerg-Christian [Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich, Department of Neurosurgery, Munich (Germany)

    2012-08-15

    MR-based differentiation between low- and high-grade gliomas is predominately based on contrast-enhanced T1-weighted images (CE-T1w). However, functional MR sequences as perfusion- and diffusion-weighted sequences can provide additional information on tumor grade. Here, we tested the potential of a recently developed similarity search based method that integrates information of CE-T1w and perfusion maps for non-invasive MR-based glioma grading. We prospectively included 37 untreated glioma patients (23 grade I/II, 14 grade III gliomas), in whom 3T MRI with FLAIR, pre- and post-contrast T1-weighted, and perfusion sequences was performed. Cerebral blood volume, cerebral blood flow, and mean transit time maps as well as CE-T1w images were used as input for the similarity search. Data sets were preprocessed and converted to four-dimensional Gaussian Mixture Models that considered correlations between the different MR sequences. For each patient, a so-called tumor feature vector (= probability-based classifier) was defined and used for grading. Biopsy was used as gold standard, and similarity based grading was compared to grading solely based on CE-T1w. Accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of pure CE-T1w based glioma grading were 64.9%, 78.6%, and 56.5%, respectively. Similarity search based tumor grading allowed differentiation between low-grade (I or II) and high-grade (III) gliomas with an accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of 83.8%, 78.6%, and 87.0%. Our findings indicate that integration of perfusion parameters and CE-T1w information in a semi-automatic similarity search based analysis improves the potential of MR-based glioma grading compared to CE-T1w data alone. (orig.)

  1. Cytological grading of breast cancers and comparative evaluation of two grading systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wani Farooq

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: To evaluate and compare the cytograding of breast cancers using Robinson′s and Mouriquand′s grading methods. Materials and Methods: A 5-year retrospective (from Oct 2000 to Sept 2005 and 1-year prospective study (from Oct 2005 to Oct 2006. A total of 110 fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC cases of breast cancers were studied. These were graded according to Robinson′s and Mouriquand′s grading methods (grade I-III followed by comparison of the two methods. Results: Of the 110 cases graded according to Robinson′s method, 28 (25.45% cases were grade I, 46 (41.81% grade II, and 36 (32.72% were grade III, whereas using Mouriquand′s grading methods, 28 (25.45%, 42 (38.18%, and 40 (36.36% cases were graded as grade I, II, and III, respectively. A high degree of concordance was observed between the two grading methods (90.9%. A highly significant relationship between the scores obtained by two methods was also observed (P=0.004. Conclusions: A comprehensive cytological grading of breast cancers is possible by using two different methods proposed by Robinson and Mouriquand. In spite of a high degree of concordance between the two methods, the Robinson′s grading system has been found to be easier and better because of more objective set of criteria and easy reproducibility.

  2. Does Relative Grading help Male Students?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Czibor, Eszter; Onderstal, Sander; Sloof, Randolph

    The provision of non-pecuniary incentives in education is a topic that has received much scholarly attention lately. Our paper contributes to this discussion by investigating the effectiveness of grade incentives in increasing student performance. We perform a direct comparison of the two most...... for male students than absolute grading. In the full sample, we find weak support for our hypothesis. Among the more motivated students we find evidence that men indeed score significantly higher on the test when graded on a curve. Female students, irrespective of their motivation, do not increase...... their scores under relative grading. Since women slightly outperform men under absolute grading, grading on a curve actually narrows the gender gap in performance....

  3. Commentary: grading: what is it good for?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durning, Steven J; Hemmer, Paul A

    2012-08-01

    Grading students is a necessary but challenging activity. In this commentary, the authors respond to the compelling national data about clerkship grading in U.S. medical schools presented by Alexander and colleagues. They present perspectives and cautions for how the medical education community might perceive these findings and examine how the community can act to address them. The authors discuss several aspects of normative versus criterion-based grading, reliability, and educational theory to provide context for the results reported by Alexander and colleagues. To address variability among and within schools with regard to grading systems and terminology, the authors argue for more credible and transparent interpretation of what grades mean rather than inflexible regulation of grade distributions.

  4. Research and Application of Combined Academic Diploma and Vocational Qualification Program in Development of Networking Technology Curriculum%基于“双证融接”的网络技术专业人才培养体系建设的研究与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    项目组

    2012-01-01

    The combined academic diploma and vocational qualification program integrates the academic education (acknowledged by graduate diploma) with vocational training (acknowledged by vocational qualifications) by correspond- ing the provision of courses with the occupational classification. The paper sets out to examine the networking technolo- gy curriculum offered by Wuhan Polytechnic. The curriculum system is developed based on the systematic study of goal of higher vocational education. It applies the combined academic diploma and vocational qualification program, centered on courses which intend both diploma and qualifications for students. The teaching method, pedagogic strategy and assessment system which can live up to the combined program are used. After years of practice, outstanding achievement has been made.%“双证融接”是指职业教育中的学历教育(以学历证书为标志),通过专业或课程,与职业资格类型(以职业资格证书为标志)实现对应与对接,在教育培训内容上实现融接。武汉职业技术学院网络技术专业以对高职教育人才培养的系统研究为引领、以“双证融接”为基础、以能满足“双证”学习培训要求的“双证课程”为核心、以能适应“双证融接”要求的教学方式方法手段和质量评价办法为重点,构建了高职教育人才培养体系,并进行了多年的实践,取得了突出的成就。

  5. Production of Food Grade Yeasts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Argyro Bekatorou

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Yeasts have been known to humans for thousands of years as they have been used in traditional fermentation processes like wine, beer and bread making. Today, yeasts are also used as alternative sources of high nutritional value proteins, enzymes and vitamins, and have numerous applications in the health food industry as food additives, conditioners and flavouring agents, for the production of microbiology media and extracts, as well as livestock feeds. Modern scientific advances allow the isolation, construction and industrial production of new yeast strains to satisfy the specific demands of the food industry. Types of commercial food grade yeasts, industrial production processes and raw materials are highlighted. Aspects of yeast metabolism, with respect to carbohydrate utilization, nutritional aspects and recent research advances are also discussed.

  6. Improving GRADE evidence tables part 2

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Langendam, Miranda; Carrasco-Labra, Alonso; Santesso, Nancy;

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: The Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) working group has developed GRADE evidence profiles (EP) and summary of findings (SoF) tables to present evidence summaries in systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, and health technology assessments...... or control group risk) was often missing. For judgments about downgrading the quality of evidence, the percentage of informative explanations ranged between 41% (imprecision) and 79% (indirectness). CONCLUSION: We found that by and large explanations were informative but detected several areas...

  7. Good Gradings of Generalized Incidence Rings

    CERN Document Server

    Price, Kenneth L

    2011-01-01

    This inquiry is based on both the construction of generalized incidence rings due to Gene Abrams and the construction of good group gradings of incidence algebras due to Molli Jones. We provide conditions for a generalized incidence ring to be graded isomorphic to a subring of an incidence ring over a preorder. We also extend Jones's construction to good group gradings for incidence algebras over preorders with crosscuts of length one or two.

  8. Grades and Ranking: When Tenure Affects Assessment

    OpenAIRE

    Jean Filetti; Mary Wright; King, William M.

    2010-01-01

    This article examines how a faculty member's status-'either tenured or tenure-track-'might affect the grades assigned to students in a writing class. We begin with a brief review of the research surrounding faculty to student assessment practices and follow with specific controversies regarding faculty motivation pertaining to grading practices. We interpret the grade distributions of tenured and tenure-track faculty members teaching a sophomore-level writing course in an English Department...

  9. Characterization of graded polyurethane elastomer by FTIR

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Polyurethane elastomers with graded structure were prepared in the graded temperature field. The samples were characterized by FTIR technology. The results show that the degree of microphase separation in the samples decreases with the decrease of the curing temperature. As far as the molar ratio of NH2 and NCO is concerned, the sample exhibits better graded morphology when the ratio is 0.95. The transparence of the samples prepared also changes gradually, increasing along the direction, in which temperature decreases.

  10. Characterization of graded polyurethane elastomer by FTIR

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Polyurethane elastomers with graded structure were prepared in the graded temperature field. The samples were characterized by FTIR technology. The results show that degree of microphase separation in the samples decreases with the decrease of the curing temperature. As far as the molar ratio of NH2 and NCO is concerned, the sample exhibits better graded morphology when the ratio is 0.95. The transparence of the samples prepared also change gradually, increasing along the direction, in which temperature decrease.

  11. GRADE: a graphical programming environment for multicomputers

    OpenAIRE

    Kacsuk, P; G. Dózsa; T. Fadfyas; R. Lovas

    2012-01-01

    To provide high-level graphical support for developing message passing programs, an integrated programming environment (GRADE) is being developed. GRADE currently provides tools to construct, execute, debug, monitor and visualize message passing based parallel programs. GRADE offers the programmer an integrated graphical user interface during the whole life-cycle of program development and provides high-level graphical programming abstraction mechanisms to construct parallel applications. The...

  12. Four-Dimensional Graded Consciousness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jonkisz, Jakub; Wierzchoń, Michał; Binder, Marek

    2017-01-01

    Both the multidimensional phenomenon and the polysemous notion of consciousness continue to prove resistant to consistent measurement and unambiguous definition. This is hardly surprising, given that there is no agreement even as regards the most fundamental issues they involve. One of the basic disagreements present in the continuing debate about consciousness pertains to its gradational nature. The general aim of this article is to show how consciousness might be graded and multidimensional at the same time. We therefore focus on the question of what it is, exactly, that is or could be graded in cases of consciousness, and how we can measure it. Ultimately, four different gradable aspects of consciousness will be described: quality, abstractness, complexity and usefulness, which belong to four different dimensions, these being understood, respectively, as phenomenal, semantic, physiological, and functional. Consequently, consciousness may be said to vary with respect to phenomenal quality, semantic abstraction, physiological complexity, and functional usefulness. It is hoped that such a four-dimensional approach will help to clarify and justify claims about the hierarchical nature of consciousness. The approach also proves explanatorily advantageous, as it enables us not only to draw attention to certain new and important differences in respect of subjective measures of awareness and to justify how a given creature may be ranked higher in one dimension of consciousness and lower in terms of another, but also allows for innovative explanations of a variety of well-known phenomena (amongst these, the interpretations of blindsight and locked-in syndrome will be briefly outlined here). Moreover, a 4D framework makes possible many predictions and hypotheses that may be experimentally tested (We point out a few such possibilities pertaining to interdimensional dependencies).

  13. Improving Student's Lab Practices: the Performance Grade

    CERN Document Server

    Lippi, G L

    2015-01-01

    Instilling good laboratory working attitudes in students is a difficult but very important task, especially in the first level courses. The introduction of a grade, based on the observation of work practices during laboratory sessions, can be strongly beneficial towards the acquisition of positive skills covering not only the technical aspects, but also the acquisition of both independence and team work. Explicit suggestions are given for basing the grade on specific observations and a quantitative analysis is performed to guarantee that the higher intrinsic volatility of the Performance Grade does not affect the final laboratory grade.

  14. MRI differentiation of low-grade from high-grade appendicular chondrosarcoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Douis, Hassan; Singh, Leanne; Saifuddin, Asif [The Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Trust, Department of Radiology, Stanmore, Middlesex (United Kingdom)

    2014-01-15

    To identify magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features which differentiate low-grade chondral lesions (atypical cartilaginous tumours/grade 1 chondrosarcoma) from high-grade chondrosarcomas (grade 2, grade 3 and dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma) of the major long bones. We identified all patients treated for central atypical cartilaginous tumours and central chondrosarcoma of major long bones (humerus, femur, tibia) over a 13-year period. The MRI studies were assessed for the following features: bone marrow oedema, soft tissue oedema, bone expansion, cortical thickening, cortical destruction, active periostitis, soft tissue mass and tumour length. The MRI-features were compared with the histopathological tumour grading using univariate, multivariate logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analyses. One hundred and seventy-nine tumours were included in this retrospective study. There were 28 atypical cartilaginous tumours, 79 grade 1 chondrosarcomas, 36 grade 2 chondrosarcomas, 13 grade 3 chondrosarcomas and 23 dedifferentiated chondrosarcomas. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that bone expansion (P = 0.001), active periostitis (P = 0.001), soft tissue mass (P < 0.001) and tumour length (P < 0.001) were statistically significant differentiating factors between low-grade and high-grade chondral lesions with an area under the ROC curve of 0.956. On MRI, bone expansion, active periostitis, soft tissue mass and tumour length can reliably differentiate high-grade chondrosarcomas from low-grade chondral lesions of the major long bones. (orig.)

  15. 河北省成人学历教育可持续发展的路径探讨%Path Discussion of Sustainable Department of Adult Diploma Education in Hebei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    母爱英; 戴广忠

    2014-01-01

    At present,there are many realistic problems such as enrollment chaos,the contradiction between job and study, hard to ensure the teaching quality,network propulsion blocked existing in adult diploma education in Hebei province. To re-solve these problems,and ensure the sustainable development of the adult education in Hebei province,the government and institutions of higher learning need attaches importance for adult degree education,regulate and support for its healthy devel-opment many aspects,multi-channel.%目前,河北省成人学历教育存在招生混乱、工学矛盾突出、教学质量难以保证、网络化推进阻碍重重等现实问题。突破这些难题,使河北省成人学历教育实现可持续发展,需要政府和高等院校加大对成人学历教育重视程度,多方面、多渠道规范并支持其健康发展。

  16. 成人高等教育“学历+技能”人才培养模式研究%Upon the Diploma plus Skill Mode in Adult Higher Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑珊飞

    2012-01-01

    成人高等教育人才培养是其改革的突破口,培养适合社会需要的“知识能力型”人才是成人高等教育改革的目的追求。本文分析我国成人高等教育体制、教育对象和教育资源,论述了成人高等教育“学历+技能”人才培养的背景、具体内容,重点就创新专业(课程)体系、创建“双师型’’教师队伍、创设数字化教育平台,提出了实现成人高等教育“学历+技能”人才培养的具体路径。%Adult higher education is aimed to cultivate learned and skilled talents to meet the demand of today's society. This article analyzes China's continuing higher education system, objects and resources, and discusses the situation and contents of "diploma + skill" mode, therefore proposing a feasible approach towards the talent training through upgrading innovative course system, academic and professional faculty, and digitalized instructional platforms.

  17. How Minimal Grade Goals and Self-Control Capacity Interact in Predicting Test Grades

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertrams, Alex

    2012-01-01

    The present research examined the prediction of school students' grades in an upcoming math test via their minimal grade goals (i.e., the minimum grade in an upcoming test one would be satisfied with). Due to its significance for initiating and maintaining goal-directed behavior, self-control capacity was expected to moderate the relation between…

  18. What's in a Grade? Grading Policies and Practices in Principles of Economics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walstad, William B.; Miller, Laurie A.

    2016-01-01

    Survey results from a national sample of economics instructors describe the grading policies and practices in principles of economics courses. The survey results provide insights about absolute and relative grading systems used by instructors, the course components and their weights that determine grades, and the type of assessment items used for…

  19. What's in a Grade? Grading Policies and Practices in Principles of Economics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walstad, William B.; Miller, Laurie A.

    2016-01-01

    Survey results from a national sample of economics instructors describe the grading policies and practices in principles of economics courses. The survey results provide insights about absolute and relative grading systems used by instructors, the course components and their weights that determine grades, and the type of assessment items used for…

  20. Learning with Text in the Primary Grades.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guillaume, Andrea M.

    1998-01-01

    Provides a rationale for learning-with-text experiences for primary-grade children; lists 10 general approaches to foster primary-grade content area reading; and offers a sample lesson incorporating these approaches that promotes comprehension of text and content matter. Suggests that trade books, textbooks, realistic fiction, and other print…

  1. Bruxism defined and graded: an international consensus

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lobbezoo, F.; Ahlberg, J.; Glaros, A.G.; Kato, T.; Koyano, K.; Lavigne, G.J.; de Leeuw, R.; Manfredini, D.; Svensson, P.; Winocur, E.

    2013-01-01

    To date, there is no consensus about the definition and diagnostic grading of bruxism. A written consensus discussion was held among an international group of bruxism experts as to formulate a definition of bruxism and to suggest a grading system for its operationalisation. The expert group defined

  2. Extrauterine Low-Grade Endometrial Stromal Sarcoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu-Ju Chen

    2005-12-01

    Conclusions: Low-grade endometrial stromal sarcoma typically has an indolent clinical course and favorable prognosis. Surgical resection is the primary therapeutic approach, and adjuvant therapy with radiotherapy, chemotherapy, or progesterone therapy should be considered for the management of residual or recurrent low-grade endometrial stromal sarcomas.

  3. A graph theoretic approach to graded identities

    CERN Document Server

    Haile, Darrell

    2011-01-01

    We consider the algebra M_k(C) of k-by-k matrices over the complex numbers and view it as a crossed product with a group G of order k by embedding G in the symmetric group S_k via the regular representation and embedding S_k in M_k(C) in the usual way. This induces a natural G-grading on M_k(C) which we call a crossed product grading. This grading is the so called elementary grading defined by any k-tuple (g_1,g_2,..., g_k) of distinct elements g_i in G. We study the graded polynomial identities for M_k(C) equipped with a crossed product grading. To each multilinear monomial in the free graded algebra we associate a directed labeled graph. This approach allows us to give new proofs of known results of Bahturin and Drensky on the generators of the T-ideal of identities and the Amitsur-Levitsky Theorem. Our most substantial new result is the determination of the asymptotic formula for the G-graded codimension of M_k(C).

  4. 7 CFR 51.2556 - Grades.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Standards for Grades of Shelled Pistachio Nuts § 51.2556 Grades. (a) “U.S. Fancy,” “U.S. Extra No. 1,” and “U.S. No. 1” consist of pistachio kernels which meet the following requirements: (1) Well dried,...

  5. Fifth Grade Elementary Students' Conceptions of Earthquakes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Savasci, Funda; Uluduz, Hatice

    2013-01-01

    This study intends to investigate the fifth grade students' conceptions of earthquakes. Twenty two grade 5 students (11-12 years old) from five different elementary schools in Istanbul voluntarily participated in the study. Data were collected from semi-structured interviews with each participant. Six interview questions were designed by…

  6. Economics of Grading and Sorting Pallet Parts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daniel L. Schmoldt; John A. McLeod; Philip A. Araman

    1993-01-01

    Before trying to develop an automated inspection system for pallet part grading we analyzed the economics of such a system. Our results suggest that higher quality pallets produced by grading and sorting pallet parts would be attractive to both manufacturers and their customers, who would have to pay increased prices for higher quality pallets. Reductions in cost-per-...

  7. Are Grade Expectations Rational? A Classroom Experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hossain, Belayet; Tsigaris, Panagiotis

    2015-01-01

    This study examines students' expectations about their final grade. An attempt is made to determine whether students form expectations rationally. Expectations in economics, rational or otherwise, carry valuable information and have important implications in terms of both teaching effectiveness and the role of grades as an incentive structure for…

  8. Correlates of College Students' Attitudes toward Grades.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahn, Changhwan; And Others

    This study describes the development of the Attitude Toward Grades (ATG) survey instrument, a brief internally consistent measure of college student attitude toward grades and reports on selected behavioral correlates of that attitude. An initial item pool of approximately 50 attitude statements was created and the Thurstone equal appearing…

  9. Can Business Students Forecast Their Own Grade?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hossain, Belayet; Tsigaris, Panagiotis

    2013-01-01

    This study examines grade expectations of two groups of business students for their final course mark. We separate students that are on average "better" forecasters on the basis of them not making significant forecast errors during the semester from those students that are poor forecasters of their final grade. We find that the better…

  10. Learning with Text in the Primary Grades.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guillaume, Andrea M.

    1998-01-01

    Provides a rationale for learning-with-text experiences for primary-grade children; lists 10 general approaches to foster primary-grade content area reading; and offers a sample lesson incorporating these approaches that promotes comprehension of text and content matter. Suggests that trade books, textbooks, realistic fiction, and other print…

  11. Gradings and Symmetries on Heisenberg type algebras

    OpenAIRE

    A. Calderón; C. Draper; Martín, C.; Sánchez, T.

    2014-01-01

    We describe the fine (group) gradings on the Heisenberg algebras, on the Heisenberg superalgebras and on the twisted Heisenberg algebras. We compute the Weyl groups of these gradings. Also the results obtained respect to Heisenberg superalgebras are applied to the study of Heisenberg Lie color algebras.

  12. Assessing and Grading Student Achievement. ERS Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, Glen E.; Craver, James M.

    The primary purpose of this report is to describe the practices and procedures used by school districts to assess and grade student achievement. In April of 1988, the Educational Research Service conducted a nationwide survey of the grading and reporting practices and procedures using a stratified random sample of public school districts. The…

  13. Automated Grading of Rough Hardwood Lumber

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richard W. Conners; Tai-Hoon Cho; Philip A. Araman

    1989-01-01

    Any automatic hardwood grading system must have two components. The first of these is a computer vision system for locating and identifying defects on rough lumber. The second is a system for automatically grading boards based on the output of the computer vision system. This paper presents research results aimed at developing the first of these components. The...

  14. Can Grades Be Helpful and Fair?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bursuck, William D.; Munk, Dennis D.

    1998-01-01

    Letter grades are still the most popular way of indicating student performance. Both included (special-needs) and general-education students perceive the use of adaptations for some but not all students as unfair. Although half of all general-education teachers use informal grading adaptations, few consider them fair. Schools should develop a…

  15. Examining First Grade Teachers' Handwriting Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arslan, Derya

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the first grade teachers' practices of handwriting instructions in terms of teaching, evaluation and handwriting difficulties. From qualitative research patterns, phenomenology was used. The study was applied to the 54 First grade teachers who work at central Burdur and Burdur county centre primary education…

  16. Central extension of graded Lie algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Welte, Angelika

    2010-01-01

    In this thesis we describe the universal central extension of two important classes of so-called root-graded Lie algebras defined over a commutative associative unital ring $k.$ Root-graded Lie algebras are Lie algebras which are graded by the root lattice of a locally finite root system and contain enough $\\mathfrak{sl}_2$-triples to separate the homogeneous spaces of the grading. Examples include the infinite rank analogs of the simple finite-dimensional complex Lie algebras. \\\\ In the thesis we show that in general the universal central extension of a root-graded Lie algebra $L$ is not root-graded anymore, but that we can measure quite easily how far it is away from being so, using the notion of degenerate sums, introduced by van der Kallen. We then concentrate on root-graded Lie algebras which are graded by the root systems of type $A$ with rank at least 2 and of type $C$. For them one can use the theory of Jordan algebras.

  17. Graded Readers: Validating Reading Levels across Publishers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodrigo, Victoria

    2016-01-01

    Graded readers can be an optimal resource to help language students improve and personalize their learning experience. An extensive reading library with graded readers and well-defined levels of reading difficulty increases language students' chances of having a successful reading experience and become independent readers. However, when it comes…

  18. Does Grading Encourage Participation? Evidence & Implications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paff, Lolita A.

    2015-01-01

    Research on the effects of grading on participation behavior is mixed. This study adds to the literature by analyzing the motivational effects of a policy that incorporates student self-assessment, flexible course weighting of the participation grade, and an expanded definition of participation. The results suggest that in some classes, more than…

  19. Liberal Grading Improves Evaluations But Not Performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vasta, Ross; Sarmiento, Robert F.

    Two grading distributions--a liberal and a more stringent curve--were compared between two sections of an undergraduate psychology course. The two classes were team taught and treated as similarly as possible. Four unit exams and an optional final were administered, with one section consistently receiving a more lenient grade distribution. No…

  20. Fifth Grade Elementary Students' Conceptions of Earthquakes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Savasci, Funda; Uluduz, Hatice

    2013-01-01

    This study intends to investigate the fifth grade students' conceptions of earthquakes. Twenty two grade 5 students (11-12 years old) from five different elementary schools in Istanbul voluntarily participated in the study. Data were collected from semi-structured interviews with each participant. Six interview questions were designed by…

  1. 7 CFR 29.6028 - No Grade.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false No Grade. 29.6028 Section 29.6028 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... INSPECTION Standards Definitions § 29.6028 No Grade. A designation applied to a lot of tobacco classified...

  2. 7 CFR 29.6018 - Grade.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Grade. 29.6018 Section 29.6018 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... INSPECTION Standards Definitions § 29.6018 Grade. A subdivision of a type according to group and quality...

  3. Does Grading Encourage Participation? Evidence & Implications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paff, Lolita A.

    2015-01-01

    Research on the effects of grading on participation behavior is mixed. This study adds to the literature by analyzing the motivational effects of a policy that incorporates student self-assessment, flexible course weighting of the participation grade, and an expanded definition of participation. The results suggest that in some classes, more than…

  4. CURRENT VIEWS OF THE GLEASON GRADING SYSTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. A. Gorban

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The authors provide the proceedings of the 2005 First International Society of Urological Pathology Consensus Conference and the basic provisions that differ the modified Gleason grading system from its original interpretation. In particular, we should do away with Gleason grade 1 (or 1 + 1 = 2 while assessing the needle biopsy specimens. Contrary to the recommendations by Gleason himself, the conference decided to apply stringent criteria for using Gleason grades 3 and 4. This is due to the fact that these grades are of special prognostic value so it is important to have clear criteria in defining each Gleason grade. Notions, such as secondary and tertiary Gleason patterns, are considered; detailed recommendations are given on the lesion extent sufficient to diagnose these components.

  5. The geometry of A-graded algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Sturmfels, B

    1994-01-01

    We study algebras k[x_1,...,x_n]/I which admit a grading by a subsemigroup of N^d such that every graded component is a one-dimensional k-vector space. V.I.~Arnold and coworkers proved that for d = 1 and n <= 3 there are only finitely many isomorphism types of such A-graded algebras, and in these cases I is an initial ideal (in the sense of Groebner bases) of a toric ideal. In this paper it is shown that Arnold's finiteness theorem does not extend to n = 4. Geometric conditions are given for I to be an initial ideal of a toric ideal. The varieties defined by A-graded algebras are characterized in terms of polyhedral subdivisions, and the distinct A-graded algebras are parametrized by a certain binomial scheme.

  6. Functionally Graded Adhesives for Composite Joints

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stapleton, Scott E.; Waas, Anthony M.; Arnold, Steven M.

    2012-01-01

    Adhesives with functionally graded material properties are being considered for use in adhesively bonded joints to reduce the peel stress concentrations located near adherend discontinuities. Several practical concerns impede the actual use of such adhesives. These include increased manufacturing complications, alterations to the grading due to adhesive flow during manufacturing, and whether changing the loading conditions significantly impact the effectiveness of the grading. An analytical study is conducted to address these three concerns. An enhanced joint finite element, which uses an analytical formulation to obtain exact shape functions, is used to model the joint. Furthermore, proof of concept testing is conducted to show the potential advantages of functionally graded adhesives. In this study, grading is achieved by strategically placing glass beads within the adhesive layer at different densities along the joint.

  7. Noncommutative Supergeometry of Graded Matrix Algebras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grosse, H.; Reiter, G.

    Generalizing the ungraded case one can build up Z Z_2-graded differential calculi over arbitrary Z Z_2-graded bbbc-algebras based on their respective Lie superalgebra of graded derivations. Especially for the Z Z_2-graded bbbc-algebra I M(n\\vert m) of (n+m)times(n+m)-matrices with block-matrix grading (n,min{I N}_{0}, nneq m) the resulting differential algebra (Omega^{g}({I M}(n\\vert m)),d) coincides - as far as we are interested only in its linear structure - with the cochain complex of the Lie superalgebra sl(n\\vert m) with coefficients in {I M}(n\\vert m). Here we want to point out two remarkable facts about this differential algebra (for proofs see Grosse and Reiter 1999).

  8. Grade Inflation Rates among Different Ability Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephanie Mc Spirit

    1999-09-01

    Full Text Available This study compares grade inflation rates among different ability students at a large, open admissions public University. Specifically, this study compares trends in graduating grade point average (GPA from 1983 to 1996 across low, typical and higher ability students. This study also tests other explanations for increases in graduating GPA. These other explanations are changes in 1 ACT score 2 gender 3 college major and 4 vocational programs. With these other explanations considered, regression results still report an inflationary trend in graduating GPA. Time, as measured by college entry year, is still a significant positive predictor of GPA. More directly, comparisons of regression coefficients reveal lower ability students as experiencing the highest rate of grade increase. Higher grade inflation rates among low aptitude students suggest that faculty might be using grades to encourage learning among marginal students.

  9. Graded q-differential matrix algebra

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abramov, V.; Raknuzzaman, Md.

    2013-10-01

    We consider the algebra of square matrices of order N as graded q-differential algebra, where q is a primitive Nth root of unity. We study the differential calculus of this algebra determined by a differential d, which satisfies the graded q-Leibniz rule and dN = 0. A graded q-differential algebra can be viewed as a generalization of graded differential algebra, and we consider the higher degree elements of graded q-differential matrix algebra as analogs of differential forms. We use two matrices x,ξ, which generate the algebra of square matrices of order N in order to express these analogs of differential forms in terms of "coordinate" x and its differentials dx,d2x,...,dN-1x. We study an analog of connection and calculate its curvature.

  10. Typicality, graded membership, and vagueness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hampton, James A

    2007-05-01

    This paper addresses theoretical problems arising from the vagueness of language terms, and intuitions of the vagueness of the concepts to which they refer. It is argued that the central intuitions of prototype theory are sufficient to account for both typicality phenomena and psychological intuitions about degrees of membership in vaguely defined classes. The first section explains the importance of the relation between degrees of membership and typicality (or goodness of example) in conceptual categorization. The second and third section address arguments advanced by Osherson and Smith (1997), and Kamp and Partee (1995), that the two notions of degree of membership and typicality must relate to fundamentally different aspects of conceptual representations. A version of prototype theory-the Threshold Model-is proposed to counter these arguments and three possible solutions to the problems of logical selfcontradiction and tautology for vague categorizations are outlined. In the final section graded membership is related to the social construction of conceptual boundaries maintained through language use.

  11. The Cytological Grading of Malignant Neoplasms of The Breast and Its Correlation With The Histological Grading

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vasudev, Vidya; R., Rangaswamy; V., Geethamani

    2013-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Breast carcinoma is one of the leading causes of malignancy in females. The diagnosis of breast carcinoma is often made by fine needle aspiration cytology. Nuclear grading is an important prognostic factor. It is important to grade breast carcinomas, which will provide valuable information to the treating oncologists to plan their management. The purpose of this study was to compare the cytological grading and typing with the histological grading and typing and the regional lymph node metastasis. Methodology: This retrospective and prospective study was done on 60 cases with malignant and suspicious diagnoses on FNAC, which had histopathological correlations, from January 2004 to December 2007. The cytological grading was done by Robinson's Method and the histopathological grading was done by the modified Scarff Bloom Richardson method. Cytological and histological typings were also done. The statistical analysis was done by using the SPSS software: The Chi square test was used and a contingency tale analysis (cross tabs procedure) was also done. Results: The cytohistological grading correlation was accurate in 7 cases (100%) of grade 1, 22 cases (71%) of grade 3 and 9 cases (42.9%) of grade 2 cancers. The accuracy was 62.7% (P < 0.001). A higher cytological grade was associated with a nodal metastasis. (cc : 0.399, P < .006) The cytological typing was accurate in 44 cases out of the 60 cases. Interpretation and Conclusion: The cytological grade correlated well with the histological grading accuracy (62.7%) and a higher grade was associated with a nodal metastasis (P < 0.006), Hence the cytological grading and typing should be routinely incorporated in the cytology reports and they can be of great value in guiding the choice of the treatment protocols. PMID:23905097

  12. 5 CFR 536.202 - Optional grade retention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... §§ 536.102 and 536.203, an authorized agency official may provide grade retention to an employee moving... lower-graded position. (c) When an employee is offered a position with grade retention under this... entitlement to grade retention under § 536.201 if the agency actually moves the employee to the lower-graded...

  13. 5 CFR 536.204 - Period of grade retention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... that provides entitlement to grade retention for 2 years beginning on the date the employee is placed... reduces an employee in grade under circumstances also entitling the employee to grade retention, the...-year grade retention period if the employee's grade was retained under this part in the appointment...

  14. 7 CFR 28.471 - Below Leaf Grade Cotton.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Below Leaf Grade Cotton. 28.471 Section 28.471... REGULATIONS COTTON CLASSING, TESTING, AND STANDARDS Standards Below Leaf Grade Cotton § 28.471 Below Leaf Grade Cotton. Below leaf grade cotton is American Upland cotton which is lower in leaf grade than...

  15. 7 CFR 51.1578 - Off-Grade potatoes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Off-Grade potatoes. 51.1578 Section 51.1578... STANDARDS) United States Consumer Standards for Potatoes Off-Grade § 51.1578 Off-Grade potatoes. Potatoes which fail to meet the requirements of any of the foregoing grades shall be Off-Grade potatoes...

  16. 7 CFR 28.451 - Below Color Grade Cotton.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Below Color Grade Cotton. 28.451 Section 28.451... REGULATIONS COTTON CLASSING, TESTING, AND STANDARDS Standards Below Color Grade Cotton § 28.451 Below Color Grade Cotton. Below color grade cotton is American Upland cotton which is lower in color grade than...

  17. Grades and Ranking: When Tenure Affects Assessment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean Filetti

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available This article examines how a faculty member's status-'either tenured or tenure-track-'might affect the grades assigned to students in a writing class. We begin with a brief review of the research surrounding faculty to student assessment practices and follow with specific controversies regarding faculty motivation pertaining to grading practices. We interpret the grade distributions of tenured and tenure-track faculty members teaching a sophomore-level writing course in an English Department at a small, public liberal arts university in Virginia, examine the relationship between grade distributions and faculty rank, and conclude that tenure-track faculty grade more leniently than their tenured colleagues, primarily in the number of - A- grades assigned. The results of this study suggest that tenured professors tend to award fewer - As- than tenure-track professors. We posit that at universities where emphasis is placed upon teaching, two specific patterns emerge: reciprocity may be an unspoken agreement between some faculty and students with regard to the exchange of good grades for good evaluations, or with experience comes rigor.

  18. TWO-STEP CONTROL GRADING METHOD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The incorrectness of function grading in value engineering has been an essential problem for de- cades. This paper proposes a new method, where the functions under consideration are ranked in queue ac- cording to their importance and then graded quantitatively. By using this method, the reviewers are more aware of the degrees of importance, and therefore will have an easier time grasping the standard and reducing the erroneous grading. In the first step, the sign test is used to discard incorrect data, to count the grading re- sult and to arrange in queue according to the degrees of functional importance. In the second step the queued up functions undergo quantitative grading, where the “average value of fluctuation coefficient” is proposed to determine the control levels and to delete unreasonable data outside the controlled region so as to get more sati- sfactory grading value. The proposed method solves the problem of the incorrectness of function grading in val- ue engineering. It has been proved that the correctness has been raised from the original 70% to over 95% . This new method is not only contributive to the discipline of value engineering but also suitable in the evalu- ation of technical economy.

  19. Asymmetric acoustic transmission in graded beam

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jing, Li, E-mail: lj94172350@hotmail.com [School of Mechanical Engineering and State Key laboratory for Strength and Vibration of Mechanical Structures, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, Shaanxi 710049 (China); Wu, Jiu Hui, E-mail: ejhwu@mail.xjtu.edu.cn [School of Mechanical Engineering and State Key laboratory for Strength and Vibration of Mechanical Structures, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, Shaanxi 710049 (China); Guan, Dong; Lu, Kuan [School of Mechanical Engineering and State Key laboratory for Strength and Vibration of Mechanical Structures, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, Shaanxi 710049 (China); Gao, Nansha [School of Marine Science and Technology, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an, Shaanxi 710072 (China); Songhua, Cao [School of Mechanical Engineering and State Key laboratory for Strength and Vibration of Mechanical Structures, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, Shaanxi 710049 (China)

    2016-12-01

    We demonstrate the dynamic effective material parameters and vibration performance of a graded beam. The structure of the beam was composed of several unit cells with different fill factors. The dispersion relations and energy band structures of each unit cell were calculated using the finite element method (FEM). The dynamic effective material parameters in each unit cell of the graded beam were determined by the dispersion relations and energy band structures. Longitudinal wave propagation was investigated using a numerical method and FEM. The results show that the graded beam allows asymmetric acoustic transmission over a wide range of frequencies.

  20. COTORSION PAIRS OVER FINITE GROUP GRADED RINGS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MENG Fan-yun; SUN Ju-xiang

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we study the relation of cotorsion pairs between the graded and ungraded cases. By using the graded theory and the relative homological algebra, we first consider the relationship of cotorsion pairs in R-mod and S = R∗G-mod when R is any ring and G is a finite group. Then we study rigid cotorsion pairs in R-gr and consider the relationship of cotorsion pairs between R-gr and R-mod when R is a ring graded by a finite group G with|G|−1 ∈R.

  1. Asymmetric acoustic transmission in graded beam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jing, Li; Wu, Jiu Hui; Guan, Dong; Lu, Kuan; Gao, Nansha; Songhua, Cao

    2016-12-01

    We demonstrate the dynamic effective material parameters and vibration performance of a graded beam. The structure of the beam was composed of several unit cells with different fill factors. The dispersion relations and energy band structures of each unit cell were calculated using the finite element method (FEM). The dynamic effective material parameters in each unit cell of the graded beam were determined by the dispersion relations and energy band structures. Longitudinal wave propagation was investigated using a numerical method and FEM. The results show that the graded beam allows asymmetric acoustic transmission over a wide range of frequencies.

  2. Histologic grading of urothelial papillary neoplasms: impact of combined grading (two-numbered grading system) on reproducibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuna, Burçin; Yörükoglu, Kutsal; Düzcan, Ender; Sen, Sait; Nese, Nalan; Sarsık, Banu; Akder, Aysegul; Sayhan, Sehnaz; Mungan, Uğur; Kirkali, Ziya

    2011-06-01

    The clinical management of tumor patients is often strongly influenced by the tumor grade. The presence of heterogeneity is well recognized in a variety of tumors. Overall grade is based on highest grade area identified within a tumor. Urothelial carcinoma often contains different histological grades within the same tumor. This study investigates the impact of a combined grading system on the reproducibility of papillary urothelial neoplasms. A set prepared for an earlier study consisting of ten cases of each category (papillary urothelial neoplasm of low malignant potential (PUNLMP), LGPUC, and HGPUC) was used. Agreement between pairs of pathologists was evaluated using κ statistics for the combined scoring system. Interobserver agreement was fair to substantial as reflected by κ values ranging from 0.24 to 0.74 (mean κ = 0.43). The combined scores of 2 and 3 which included PUNLMP showed the lowest degree of agreement and when this category was excluded from the analysis, interobserver agreement increased significantly (mean κ = 0.65; ranging from 0.43 to 0.92) in terms of combined scores of 4, 5, and 6. PUNLMP has been shown to be the least reproducible component of a combined scoring system even among experienced observers. Exclusion of PUNLMP from grading scheme seems to improve interobserver variability.

  3. O jornalista brasileiro face ao fim da obrigatoriedade do diploma para exercício da profissão: reagenciamento do repertório de legitimação profissional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fábio Henrique PEREIRA

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available El artículo identifica y analiza las dinámicas de reorganización y reordenamiento del repertorio de legitimación y de justificación de la relación entre formación académica y competencia profesional en la construcción de la identidad profesional de los periodistas brasileños. El objetivo es estudiar las estrategias discursivas de defensa vinculadas al grupo profesional de los periodistas cuando éstos se encuentran amenazados. Investigamos también las modalidades de implicación en el espacio público de los actores sociales involucrados en los debates que sucederán la decisión del Supremo Tribunal Federal (STF, la corte suprema brasileña, de junio de 2009 de suprimir la obligatoriedad de un diploma universitario para el ejercicio del periodismo. Analizamos los textos publicados en junio de 2009 en el sitio internet de crítica de los medios Observatório da Imprensa. El análisis se concentra en los procesos de interacción y en los modelos retóricos articulados por periodistas, profesores, ministros de la suprema corte, sindicatos, asociaciones científicas, parlamentarios, juristas y lectores del sitio. Dichos actores negocian discursivamente una definición sobre lo que debe ser un periodista. Concluimos que las interacciones investigadas refuerzan la manutención de la identidad de los periodistas, marcada por la tensión entre una competencia técnica y una actividad intelectual. Esto acontece incluso cuando su estatuto profesional es cuestionado por un discurso de “crisis” o amenaza.

  4. Research on E Learning Process Design of Adult Higher Diploma Education%成人高等学历教育网络学习流程设计研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付洋

    2014-01-01

    With the development of information technology and the policy of the administrative ex-amination approval of network distance higher diploma education will be cancelled by the ministry of ed-ucation .The traditional adult higher education institutions are actively preparing to enter the field of network education .How to make the balance between the quality of the scale of network education and teaching quality has become the common and to be in depth study problem of the network education . This paper bases on the social constructivism theory to ensure the quality of network education ,through designing an open and personalized E learning process .%随着信息技术的发展,以及教育部取消利用网络实施远程高等学历教育行政审批政策的出台,一些从事传统成人高等学历教育的高校正积极筹备进入网络教育领域。如何协调网络高等学历教育规模与教学质量之间的平衡,已成为网络高等学历教育普遍面临且亟待深入研究的问题。本文以社会构建主义为理论基础,通过设计以成人学生为中心的个性化、开放性的网络学习流程来确保网络教学质量。

  5. Low-grade and high-grade endometrial stromal sarcoma: A National Cancer Database study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seagle, Brandon-Luke L; Shilpi, Arunima; Buchanan, Samuel; Goodman, Chelain; Shahabi, Shohreh

    2017-08-01

    To provide refined prognostic information from large cohorts of women with low-grade or high-grade endometrial stromal sarcoma (ESS). We performed an observational retrospective cohort analysis of women diagnosed with low-grade or high-grade ESS from the 1998-2013 National Cancer Database. Kaplan-Meier and multivariable accelerated failure time survival analyses were performed to identify prognostic factors after multiple imputation of missing data. Recursive partitioning methods were used to rank prognostic factors in high-grade ESS. Matched cohort analyses were performed to hypothesis-test effects of adjuvant treatments. We identified 2414 and 1383 women with low-grade or high-grade ESS, respectively. Women with high-grade ESS had markedly decreased survival compared to women with low-grade ESS (five-year survival (95% CI): 32.6 (30.1-35.3%) versus 90.5% (89.3-91.8%), Pradiotherapy (TR (95% CI): 1.57 (1.32-1.87), Pradiotherapy may increase survival of women with high-grade ESS. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Controlling Weapons-Grade Fissile Material

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rotblat, J.

    1977-01-01

    Discusses the problems of controlling weapons-grade fissionable material. Projections of the growth of fission nuclear reactors indicates sufficient materials will be available to construct 300,000 atomic bombs each containing 10 kilograms of plutonium by 1990. (SL)

  7. Research on Spelling in Primary Grades (ERIC).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sensenbaugh, Roger

    1993-01-01

    Presents annotations of nine conference papers and practica in the ERIC database that deal with spelling research in the primary grades. Notes that the entries in the annotated bibliography were published between 1990 and 1992. (RS)

  8. Computer Aided Grading of Quantitative Unknowns

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, D. E.; Lytle, F. E.

    1973-01-01

    The problem of fair grading of unknowns is discussed. An approach is presented to answer some of the important questions concerning faulty procedures, level of accuracy and precision, recognition of bad unknowns,'' and dry labing. (DF)

  9. How Zucchini Won Fifth-Grade Hearts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavaliere, Denise

    1987-01-01

    A nutrition education program for grades K through 6 in Arizona is described, and essential elements of the program are given. Children learn about foods and the role of nutrients in health through gardening. (MT)

  10. Aerospace Grade Carbon Felt Preform Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Fiber Materials, Inc. (FMI) will develop an aerospace-grade carbon felt preform by employing application specific materials with effective processes and fabrication...

  11. "BLACK GOLD" GRADE12-LEARNERS: RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SK

    South African Journal for Research in Sport, Physical Education and ... cultural backgrounds), refers to black Grade 12 learners from a diverse group of ..... learners in the community, community cohesion or a sense of community pride, and.

  12. Rwandan grade 6 mathematics teachers' knowledge

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    owner

    Key words: Teacher knowledge, test scores, Rwanda, grade 6, content knowledge, pedagogical content knowledge, mathematics. .... We identified four aspects of PCK (Hill, Blunk, ..... Contemporary Educational Psychology, 31(4), 438-457.

  13. Valencia's Tooth: A First-Grade Operetta.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, Lillian S.

    1982-01-01

    Describes how a first-grade class created an operetta about losing their teeth. The students told stories about losing teeth and made those stories into songs using Orff-type speech and music techniques. (AM)

  14. Case report 541: Low grade chrondrosarcoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hermann, G.; Wagner, L.D.; Klein, M.J.; Faye-Peterson, O.M.; Lewis, M.M.

    1989-05-01

    A case of low grade chondrosarcoma of the femur in a 15-year-old female is presented. Although chondrosarcoma is a relatively common primary malignant bone tumor in adults, its incidence in the pediatric age group is low. If it does occur in the very young the lesion usually is a high grade tumor. The atypical radiological pattern and the differential diagnosis are discussed. (orig.).

  15. Pollination biology of basal angiosperms (ANITA Grade)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leonard B. Thien; Peter Bernhardt; Margaret S. Devall; Zhi-Duan Chen; Yi-bo Luo; Jian-Hua Fan; Liang-Chen Yuan; Joseph H. Williams

    2009-01-01

    The fi rst three branches of the angiosperm phylogenetic tree consist of eight families with ~201 species of plants (the ANITA grade). The oldest fl ower fossil for the group is dated to the Early Cretaceous (115 – 125 Mya) and identifi ed to the Nymphaeales. The fl owers of extant plants in the ANITA grade are small, and pollen is the edible reward (rarely nectar or...

  16. Meat standards and grading: a world view.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polkinghorne, R J; Thompson, J M

    2010-09-01

    This paper addresses the principles relating to meat standards and grading of beef and advances the concept that potential exists to achieve significant desirable change from adopting more consumer focused systems within accurate value-based payment frameworks. The paper uses the definitions that classification is a set of descriptive terms describing features of the carcass that are useful to those involved in the trading of carcasses, whereas grading is the placing of different values on carcasses for pricing purposes, depending on the market and requirements of traders. A third definition is consumer grading, which refers to grading systems that seek to define or predict consumer satisfaction with a cooked meal. The development of carcass classification and grading schemes evolved from a necessity to describe the carcass using standard terms to facilitate trading. The growth in world trade of meat and meat products and the transition from trading carcasses to marketing individual meal portions raises the need for an international language that can service contemporary needs. This has in part been addressed by the United Nations promoting standard languages on carcasses, cuts, trim levels and cutting lines. Currently no standards exist for describing consumer satisfaction. Recent Meat Standards Australia (MSA) research in Australia, Korea, Ireland, USA, Japan and South Africa showed that consumers across diverse cultures and nationalities have a remarkably similar view of beef eating quality, which could be used to underpin an international language on palatability. Consumer research on the willingness to pay for eating quality shows that consumers will pay higher prices for better eating quality grades and generally this was not affected by demographic or meat preference traits of the consumer. In Australia the MSA eating quality grading system has generated substantial premiums to retailers, wholesalers and to the producer. Future grading schemes which measure

  17. Numerical Evaluations of Functionally Graded RC Slabs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Mastali

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, using fibrous materials is used widely in strengthening applications such as cross-section enlargement and using functionally graded reinforced concrete. Functionally graded reinforced concrete is used as multireinforced concrete layers that can be reinforced by different fiber types. The objective of this research was to address the structural benefits of functionally graded concrete materials by performing analytical simulations. In order to achieve this purpose, in the first stage of this study, three functionally graded reinforced concretes by steel and polypropylene (PP were experimentally tested under flexural loading. Inverse analysis was applied to obtain the used material properties of reinforced concrete by FEMIX software. After obtaining the material properties, to assess the performance of proposed slabs, some other cases were proposed and numerically evaluated under flexural and shear loading. The results showed that increasing steel fiber in reinforced entire cross section led to achieve better shear and flexural performance while the best performance of reinforced functionally graded slabs was achieved for slab at 1% fiber content. In the second stage, nineteen reinforced functionally graded RC slabs with steel bars were simulated and assessed and some other cases were considered which were not experimentally tested.

  18. Properties of ϕ-Primal Graded Ideals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ameer Jaber

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Let R be a commutative graded ring with unity 1≠0. A proper graded ideal of R is a graded ideal I of R such that I≠R. Let ϕ:I(R→I(R∪{∅} be any function, where I(R denotes the set of all proper graded ideals of R. A homogeneous element a∈R is ϕ-prime to I if ra∈I-ϕ(I where r is a homogeneous element in R; then r∈I. An element a=∑g∈Gag∈R is ϕ-prime to I if at least one component ag of a is ϕ-prime to I. Therefore, a=∑g∈Gag∈R is not ϕ-prime to I if each component ag of a is not ϕ-prime to I. We denote by νϕ(I the set of all elements in R that are not ϕ-prime to I. We define I to be ϕ-primal if the set P=νϕ(I+ϕ(I (if ϕ≠ϕ∅ or P=νϕ(I (if ϕ=ϕ∅ forms a graded ideal of R. In the work by Jaber, 2016, the author studied the generalization of primal superideals over a commutative super-ring R with unity. In this paper we generalize the work by Jaber, 2016, to the graded case and we study more properties about this generalization.

  19. Relationships between Family Risks and Children's Reading and Mathematics Growth from Kindergarten through Third Grade

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rathbun, Amy; West, Jerry; Walston, Jill

    2005-01-01

    This study compares various approaches for incorporating family risk factors in explanatory models of children's achievement over the first 4 years of school. Living in poverty, in a single-parent household, in a household whose primary home language is non-English, and having a mother with less than a high school diploma are well-known risk…

  20. Age-Related Grade Inflation Expectancies in a University Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donald A. Loffredo

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Grade inflation is a recognized problem in higher education in the United States. Age, gender, and ethnic differences in discrepancies between student reports of their expected grade in each course and their expectations for general university grading practices were explored in a survey of 166 (mostly female participants at a small upper-division university. Results revealed that while a small minority of students agreed that grading systems in college should only include A or B grades, a large majority of students expected A or B grades. Thus, student discrepancies between their expectations for grading systems and their expected class grades were in line with expectations that they should receive inflated grades. Results also revealed statistically significant age differences in grade expectation with students older than the age of 55 expecting lower grades relative to their younger counterparts.

  1. Is Grannum grading of the placenta reproducible?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moran, Mary; Ryan, John; Brennan, Patrick C.; Higgins, Mary; McAuliffe, Fionnuala M.

    2009-02-01

    Current ultrasound assessment of placental calcification relies on Grannum grading. The aim of this study was to assess if this method is reproducible by measuring inter- and intra-observer variation in grading placental images, under strictly controlled viewing conditions. Thirty placental images were acquired and digitally saved. Five experienced sonographers independently graded the images on two separate occasions. In order to eliminate any technological factors which could affect data reliability and consistency all observers reviewed images at the same time. To optimise viewing conditions ambient lighting was maintained between 25-40 lux, with monitors calibrated to the GSDF standard to ensure consistent brightness and contrast. Kappa (κ) analysis of the grades assigned was used to measure inter- and intra-observer reliability. Intra-observer agreement had a moderate mean κ-value of 0.55, with individual comparisons ranging from 0.30 to 0.86. Two images saved from the same patient, during the same scan, were each graded as I, II and III by the same observer. A mean κ-value of 0.30 (range from 0.13 to 0.55) indicated fair inter-observer agreement over the two occasions and only one image was graded consistently the same by all five observers. The study findings confirmed the lack of reproducibility associated with Grannum grading of the placenta despite optimal viewing conditions and highlight the need for new methods of assessing placental health in order to improve neonatal outcomes. Alternative methods for quantifying placental calcification such as a software based technique and 3D ultrasound assessment need to be explored.

  2. Cytological grading: An alternative to histological grading in oral squamous cell carcinoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Srilekha Namala

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Micronuclei (MN in oral exfoliative cells have been shown to indicate a disparaging change in genetic information of the cell. Recent studies showed correlation between the frequency of MN and severity of this damage. Grading of lesions can be used to determine the austerity of this damage. Aims: The aim of this study is to compare the MN frequency in oral exfoliated cells of normal and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC individuals and to cytologically grade the frequency of MN in cytological smears and to correlate it with histological grading. The objective is to ascertain whether MN frequency in oral exfoliated cells can be a parameter for grading of OSCC. Settings and Design: The study group comprises of 40 subjects (20 controls and 20 OSCC patients in the age group of 45-85 years. Materials and Methods: The cytosmear was obtained from each group and stained with Papanicolaou (PAP stain. Twenty cells from each slide were counted for MN and cytological grade of OSCC was assigned based on the average frequency of MN. Cytological grade was correlated with histological grading and the data were recorded. Student′s t-test and Spearman′s correlation were used for the analysis of the data. Results: Average frequency of MN was 2.5 times higher in OSCC patients when compared to that in controls and the difference was found to be highly significant. Sixty percent correlation was found between cytological grade and histological grade of OSCC and the difference between them was not significant. Conclusions: Cytological grading can be used in grading OSCC, and MN insinuates genotoxic damage occurring in the epithelial cells.

  3. Cafeteria-Style Grading in General Chemistry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodwin, John A.; Gilbert, Brian D.

    2001-04-01

    Self-selected individual course-grade weighting schemes allow students personal choice of course components in the general chemistry sequence at Coastal Carolina University. With the availability of a wide range of commercial and academically produced pedagogical resources, students can select materials that best suit their own learning styles, social situations, and motivation level. Our students use a signed contract to indicate their preferred grade-weighting schemes for determination of the course grade. In doing so, they choose from course components that include peer-led team learning (PLTL) in the Workshop Chemistry (WSC) model, computer-assisted instruction (CAI) using the ChemSkill Builder (CSB) software, a variety of in-class quizzes and group problem-solving exercises, written exams, and the final written exam. Minimum percentage values are required of all components except WSC and CSB, which have been completely optional graded course components at CCU since the summer of 1999. Comparison of student success in the course and content learning suggests that the improvements observed with introduction of a gamut of activities increase even more when the cafeteria-style grading is implemented.

  4. Low grade metamorphism of mafic rocks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schiffman, Peter

    1995-07-01

    Through most of this past century, metamorphic petrologists in the United States have paid their greatest attention to high grade rocks, especially those which constitute the core zones of exhumed, mountain belts. The pioneering studies of the 50's through the 80's, those which applied the principles of thermodynamics to metamorphic rocks, focused almost exclusively on high temperature systems, for which equilibrium processes could be demonstrated. By the 1980's, metamorphic petrologists had developed the methodologies for deciphering the thermal and baric histories of mountain belts through the study of high grade rocks. Of course, low grade metamorphic rocks - here defined as those which form at pressures and temperatures up to and including the greenschist facies - had been well known and described as well, initially through the efforts of Alpine and Circum-Pacific geologists who recognized that they constituted an integral and contiguous portion of mountain belts, and that they underlay large portions of accreted terranes, many of oceanic origins. But until the mid 80's, much of the effort in studying low grade rocks - for a comprehensive review of the literature to that point see Frey (1987) - had been concentrated on mudstones, volcanoclastic rocks, and associated lithologies common to continental mountain belts and arcs. In the mid 80's, results of the Deep Sea Drilling Project (DSDP) rather dramatically mitigated a shift in the study of low grade metamorphic rocks.

  5. Third-Grade Reading Policies. Reading/Literacy: Preschool to Third Grade

    Science.gov (United States)

    Workman, Emily

    2014-01-01

    The third-grade year is considered a pivotal point in a child's educational career, as a critical shift in learning takes place--one where basic reading skills are established and can begin to be utilized for more complex learning. State policymakers are well aware of the importance of ensuring that all students are reading at grade level by the…

  6. Making the Grade: Understanding Learning and Grade Orientations of First-Year Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Purcell, Jennifer M.

    2009-01-01

    First-year undergraduate students enter college with varying expectations, motivations, and goals and are being bombarded with messages about the importance of grades, sometimes to the detriment of learning. This descriptive, cross-sectional study employs LOGO II to describe the learning and grade orientations of first-year students and identify…

  7. 7 CFR 810.804 - Grades and grade requirements for mixed grain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Grades and grade requirements for mixed grain. 810.804 Section 810.804 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) GRAIN INSPECTION, PACKERS AND STOCKYARD ADMINISTRATION (FEDERAL GRAIN INSPECTION SERVICE), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...

  8. Colorado Student Assessment Program: 2001 Released Passages, Items, and Prompts. Grade 4 Reading and Writing, Grade 4 Lectura y Escritura, Grade 5 Mathematics and Reading, Grade 6 Reading, Grade 7 Reading and Writing, Grade 8 Mathematics, Reading and Science, Grade 9 Reading, and Grade 10 Mathematics and Reading and Writing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colorado State Dept. of Education, Denver.

    This document contains released reading comprehension passages, test items, and writing prompts from the Colorado Student Assessment Program for 2001. The sample questions and prompts are included without answers or examples of student responses. Test materials are included for: (1) Grade 4 Reading and Writing; (2) Grade 4 Lectura y Escritura…

  9. Grading as a Reform Effort: Do Standards-Based Grades Converge with Test Scores?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Welsh, Megan E.; D'Agostino, Jerome V.; Kaniskan, Burcu

    2013-01-01

    Standards-based progress reports (SBPRs) require teachers to grade students using the performance levels reported by state tests and are an increasingly popular report card format. They may help to increase teacher familiarity with state standards, encourage teachers to exclude nonacademic factors from grades, and/or improve communication with…

  10. Does Grading Affect Educational Attainment? A Longitudinal Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klapp, Alli

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to investigate how grading in primary school affected students' achievement measured by grades in 7th, 8th and 9th Grade and educational attainment in upper secondary school (12th Grade), and how the effect varied as a function of students' cognitive ability, gender and socio-economic status. The data derived from the…

  11. Low-grade osteosarcoma of the spine: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Young Chul; Suh, Jin Suck; Kim, Myung In; Choo, Hye Jung; Huh, Yong Min [Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-06-15

    Low-grade osteosarcoma is not typically found in the long bone and pelvis. Most primary osteosarcomas that arise in the spine are high-grade malignancies. A low-grade osteosarcoma arising in the spine has not been previously described. We report here the clinical, radiological, and histological findings of a case of low-grade osteosarcoma that arose in the spine.

  12. Advantages and Disadvantages of Weighted Grading. Research Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Karen

    2004-01-01

    What are the advantages and disadvantages of weighted grading? The primary purpose of weighted grading has been to encourage high school students to take more rigorous courses. This effort is then acknowledged by more weight being given to the grade for a specified class. There are numerous systems of weighted grading cited in the literature from…

  13. 7 CFR 947.15 - Grade and size.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Grade and size. 947.15 Section 947.15 Agriculture... Definitions § 947.15 Grade and size. Grade means any one of the officially established grades of potatoes, and size means any one of the officially established sizes of potatoes, as defined and set forth in: (a...

  14. 7 CFR 958.9 - Grade and size.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Grade and size. 958.9 Section 958.9 Agriculture... COUNTIES IN IDAHO, AND MALHEUR COUNTY, OREGON Order Regulating Handling Definitions § 958.9 Grade and size. Grade means any of the officially established grades of onions, and size means any of the officially...

  15. 7 CFR 946.13 - Grade and size.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Grade and size. 946.13 Section 946.13 Agriculture... Order Regulating Handling Definitions § 946.13 Grade and size. Grade means any one of the officially established grades of potatoes, and size means any one of the officially established sizes of potatoes as...

  16. 7 CFR 966.10 - Grade and size.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Grade and size. 966.10 Section 966.10 Agriculture... Regulating Handling Definitions § 966.10 Grade and size. Grade means any one of the established grades of tomatoes and size means any one of the established sizes of tomatoes as defined and set forth in U.S...

  17. 7 CFR 906.9 - Grade and size.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Grade and size. 906.9 Section 906.9 Agriculture... RIO GRANDE VALLEY IN TEXAS Order Regulating Handling Definitions § 906.9 Grade and size. Grade means any one of the established grades of fruit and size means any one of the established sizes of fruit as...

  18. 7 CFR 959.11 - Grade and size.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Grade and size. 959.11 Section 959.11 Agriculture... Regulating Handling Definitions § 959.11 Grade and size. Grade means any of the established grades of onions, and size means any of the established sizes of onions as defined and set forth in the United States...

  19. 7 CFR 956.15 - Grade and size.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Grade and size. 956.15 Section 956.15 Agriculture... VALLEY OF SOUTHEAST WASHINGTON AND NORTHEAST OREGON Definitions § 956.15 Grade and size. Grade means any of the officially established grades of onions, including maturity requirements and size means any of...

  20. 5 CFR 531.414 - Interim within-grade increase.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Interim within-grade increase. 531.414... UNDER THE GENERAL SCHEDULE Within-Grade Increases § 531.414 Interim within-grade increase. (a) An interim within-grade increase shall be granted to an employee who has: (1) Appealed a negative within...