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Sample records for tuuli tuisk pire

  1. REKONSTRUKSI ARSITEKTUR ISTANA KOTA PIRING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Totok Roesmanto

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The Kota Piring Palace is located in the little island of Birm Bewa Tanjungpinang, Bintan Island. It was a centre government of Melayu Riau Sultanate in 1722-1784 after Johor and Pahang. The ruin of Kota Piring Palace are the part of fortwall and building foundations in aprehensive sondition. In this historical site exists 23 new buildings of permament construction. This research as the first action of the Kota Piring Palace architectural reconstruction is the trans-sectoral research included activities of archaeological research, historical research, architectural research, and this action must be continued by several reseaches. The wall position and courtyard pattern can be analyzed by the ruins of building foundation in the field of Kota Piring Palace artifact. The essential buildings in the complex of Kota Piring Palace can be known by historical study based on the text of Tuhfat Al-Nafis ancient book. Also, based on architectural study of the Melayu traditional building in Johor and Pahang in the same period can be estimated the building types and building forms of Kota Piring Palace. The artifact of Kota Piring Palace were burried on the ground can be found by archaeological excavation. This activity can be stars after relocation all of new buildings in the historical site. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Istana Kota Piring terletak di Pulau Biram Dewa, Tanjungpinang, Pulau Bintan adalah pusat pemerintahan Kesultanan Melayu Johor Riau pada tahun 1722-1784, dan berhubungan kesejarahan dengan Johor dan Pahang yang menjadi pusat pemerintahan sebelumnya. Istana Kota Piring tinggal menyisakan sebagian dinding tembok dan pondasi bangunan dalam kondisi memprihatinkan, dan di atasnya telah berdiri banyak bangunan baru berkonstruksi permanen. Penelitian ini merupakan kegiatan awal untuk merekonstruksi arsitektur Istana Kota Piring berupa penelitian lintas-sektoral mencakup arkeologi-sejarah-arsitektur, yang harus dilanjutkan dengan penelitian

  2. Popularitas Tari Piring sebagai Identitas Budaya Minangkabau

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    Indrayuda -

    2013-09-01

    ABSTRAK   Artikel ini bertujuan untuk menjelaskan keberadaan Tari Piring sebagai identitas bu- daya masyarakat Minangkabau, baik yang berada di daerah asal maupun di daerah peran- tauan. Tari Piring merupakan warisan budaya tradisional masyarakat Minangkabau yang digunakan dan dilestarikan oleh masyarakat Minangkabau dalam kehidupannya sehingga menjadi identitas budaya Minangkabau. Sebagai jati diri masyarakat Minangkabau, Tari Piring mampu mengungkapkan sikap dan prilaku serta karakteristik orang Minangkabau. Tari Piring dapat berperan sebagai cerminan dari corak kehidupan sosial budaya masyara- kat Minangkabau. Melalui pertunjukan Tari Piring, masyarakat luar dapat memahami orang Minangkabau dan budayanya. Oleh karena itu, sampai saat ini Tari Piring semakin melekat dengan kehidupan sosial masyarakat Minangkabau di Sumatera Barat maupun di daerah perantauan. Dengan semangat kebersamaan, masyarakat Minangkabau mampu mempertahankan keberadaan Tari Piring sebagai identitas dan warisan budayanya hingga masa kini.   Kata kunci : Tari Piring, budaya Minangkabau

  3. "Ametniku soovitussõnastik" / Tuuli Rehemaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rehemaa, Tuuli, 1974-

    2014-01-01

    Tutvustus: Ametniku soovitussõnastik [Võrguteavik] / Eesti Keele Instituut ; koostanud ja toimetanud Tiina Paet, Tuuli Rehemaa, Argo Mund. Tallinn : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2014. - http://www.eki.ee/dict/ametnik/

  4. On Semiprime Noetherian PI-Rings

    OpenAIRE

    Chiba, Katsuo

    2000-01-01

    Let R be a semiprime Noetherian PI-ring and Q(R) the semisimple Artinian ring of fractions of R. We shall prove the following conditions are equivalent: (1) the Krull dimention of R is at most one, (2) Any ring between R and Q(R) is again right Noetherian, (3) Let a, b be central regular elements of Q(R). Then the subring R + aR[b] of Q(R) is right Noetherian.

  5. Poliitikud kaitsevad saadikute kulude hüvitamise süsteemi / Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2006-01-01

    Erakondade juhtpoliitikud on rahul praeguse parlamendiliikmete kulude hüvitamise süsteemiga, mille kohaselt hüvitatakse neile kuludokumentide alusel kulutused kuni 30 protsendi ulatuses palgast. Vt. samas: Tuuli Koch. Künka kosilased. Lisa: Hea teenistus

  6. Opositsioon veeretab Villu Reiljani kaudu vastutuse peaministrile / Tuuli Koch, Kärt Anvelt, Rasmus Kagge

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 9. veebr. lk. 4. Opositsioon nõudis Riigikogu infotunnis keskkonnaminister Villu Reiljanilt ja siseminister Kalle Laanetilt reostusega seotud küsimustele vastuseid. Valitsuse vastasleeri poliitikud oletavad, et kui peaminister Andrus Ansip jätab Reiljani ametisse, on poliitilise vastutuse kord peaministri enda käes. Kommenteerib peaminister Andrus Ansip. Vt. samas: Tuuli Koch. Laanet ja Reiljan ei taha vastutust enesele võtta; Ansipi soolo

  7. Laari tõrjuv Ansip püüab võimuliitu päästa / Kai Kalamees, Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalamees, Kai

    2007-01-01

    Reformierakond saatis võimaliku valitsuskoalitsiooni partneritele uued pakkumised, kuid Andrus Ansip pole nõus välisministri kohta loovutama. Lisa: Variandid. Vt. samas Tuuli Kochi intervjuud Mart Laariga: Laar: reeglites tuleb kokku leppida

  8. Ester Tuiksoo: Tuvi tänava korter võlus oma hea asukohaga / Ester Tuiksoo ; interv. Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuiksoo, Ester, 1965-

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke, 11. okt. 2007, lk. 3. Parlamendiliige vastab küsimustele Tullio Liblikult üüritava korteri kohta. Vt. samas: Risto Berendson, Tuuli Koch. Maadevahetuses kahtlustatav üürib Tuiksoole odavalt korterit; Risto Berendsoni intervjuu Tullio Liblikuga: Tullio Liblik: eelistasin Estrit üürnikuna vana tutvuse pärast. Lisa: Tullio Liblik; Rahvaliit kutsub Villu Reiljani kapo-komisjonist tagasi

  9. PIRE Experience Reaches out to the Russian Far East and Augments Graduate Education Abroad

    Science.gov (United States)

    Almberg, L. D.; Eichelberger, J. C.; Izbekov, P.; Ushakov, S.; Vesna, E.

    2006-12-01

    NSF's Partners in International Research and Education (PIRE) program seeks to introduce American students to collaborative international science early in their graduate careers. The intent is that the next generation of American scientists will be better prepared to work at the international level. The emphases on partnership and learning about the culture of the host country is a welcome and productive change from the `grab and dash' approach that can characterize `Winter national' projects. Our PIRE project, US-Russia-Japan Partnership in Volcanological Research and Education, is an interdisciplinary investigation of the magma systems at Bezymianny and Shiveluch Volcanoes in Kamchatka, Russia and Mount St Helens in Washington, USA. We wish to understand how massive edifice collapse at all three volcanoes perturbed the magma systems and influenced subsequent and continuing eruptive behavior. Seven American graduate students from the universities of Alaska, Hawaii, Washington, Oregon, and Stanford embarked on a personal and professional development adventure in July and August, 2006. Their experience began in Fairbanks, AK with preparations for remote foreign field work and research planning with mentor scientists. The adventure continued in Petropavlosk-Kamchatsky, Kamchatka, which required circumnavigation of the world as no airlines fly between Anchorage and Petropavlovsk. Faculty at Kamchatka State University provided intensive short courses for two weeks, introducing students to Russian language, culture, geography and history while they adjusted to the new environment and met Russian counterparts at the Institute of Volcanology and Seismology. Afternoon discussions with Russian experts in volcanology, seismology, tectonics and tephrachronology were enlightening and influenced the research plans. Russian graduate and advanced undergraduate students joined the group at the helicopter accessed camp on Bezymianny volcano. Two young Russian scientists headed the

  10. On Ensino de Astronomia nas Cidades de Ribeirão Pires e Rio Grande da Serra

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faria, R. Z.; Voelzke, M. R.

    2007-08-01

    Apesar da astronomia ser um dos temas indicados pelos Parâmetros Curriculares Nacionais, observa-se que poucas mudanças ocorreram desde a implementação do mesmo em sala de aula. A presente pesquisa diz respeito sobre como os tópicos de astronomia estão sendo abordados pelos professores no ensino médio. Optou-se por aplicar um questionário com os professores que ministram a disciplina de física. Os mesmos trabalham em escolas estaduais situadas nas cidades de Ribeirão Pires e Rio Grande da Serra, ambas subordinadas a Diretoria de Ensino de Mauá, no Estado de São Paulo. O questionário foi aplicado durante o 2° semestre de 2006. Até o momento os resultados são preliminares. Dos 82,0% dos professores que responderam ao questionário no município de Rio Grande da Serra, 66,7% não aplicaram nenhum tópico de astronomia, 77,8% não utilizaram qualquer tipo de programa computacional, 66,7% não utilizaram laboratório, que 77,8% nunca levaram os alunos a museus e ou planetários e que 66,7% não indicaram qualquer tipo de revista ou livro sobre astronomia aos seus alunos. No município de Ribeirão Pires, 53,3% dos professores responderam ao questionário, destes 75,0% não aplicaram nenhum tópico de astronomia, 93,8% não utilizaram qualquer tipo de programa computacional, 75,0% não utilizaram laboratório, 81,3% nunca levaram os alunos a museus e ou planetário e 56,3% não indicaram qualquer tipo de revista ou livro sobre astronomia ao seus alunos. Apesar da maioria dos professores reconhecerem que o conteúdo de astronomia influi na formação do jovem, os mesmos não incluem o tema em seus planejamentos escolares.

  11. Effect of CD34+ cord blood stem cell transfected by plasmid vector pIRES2-FL-IL-3 on the mice after irradiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhang Yong; Zhang Linsheng; Zhang Hongbing; Guo Chaohua; Tong Shiwu

    2008-01-01

    Objective: To observe the effect of CD34 cord blood stem cell transfected by plasmid vector plRES2-FL-IL-3 on the mouse after irradiation and to investigate its mechanisms. Methods: In the co-expressed group (12 mice), CD 34 + cord blood stem cells were transfected by plasmid vector pIRES2-FL-IL-3.5 x lO 5 cells were injected intravenously in the mouse. The hemogram changes in mice were detected 2, 4 and 6 weeks after radiation. At 6 weeks after irradiation, the expression of the CD 34 in spleen was detected by immumofluorescence method. The mRNA level and the activity of IL-3 and FL were detected by RT-PCR and Western blot. Other 3 groups were CD 34 + cell group (CD 34 group), pIRES2-IL-3 group(IL 3 group) and pIRES2-FL group(FL group), and there were 12 mice in each group. Results: The survival rate of CD 34 group, IL3 group and FL group at the 6th week were 25.0% (3/12), 50.0% (6/12) and 50.0% (6/12), respectively. It was 91.7% (11/12) in the co-expressed group, which was higher than those in the other groups. The expression of the CD 34 of spleen in the co-expressed group was higher than those of the other groups. The mRNA level and the activity of IL-3 and FL of spleen in the co-expressed group were higher than those in the other groups too. Conclusions: The CD 34 '+ cord blood stem cells transfected by plasmid vector pIRES2-FL-IL-3 have hemogenesis promotion effect on the mice after irradiation, which was related with the aggregation, proliferation of stem cells and the high expression of the interest proteins.. (authors)

  12. The Teles Pires volcanic province: A paleogeoproterozoic silicic-dominated large igneous province in southwest Amazon craton and tectonic implications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Leite, Jayme Alfredo Dexheimer; Saes, Gerson Souza; Macambira, Moacir Jose Buenano

    2001-01-01

    Large Igneous Provinces (LIPs) are important features of the Earth history especially recognized during Paleo to Mezosoic times when they are related to the break up of supercontinents (Coffin and Eldhom, 1994). These provinces occur in several different tectonic settings such as volcanic passive margins, submarine ridges and continental and oceanic plateaux. Mafic-dominanted provinces are the most well known among the LIPs and the best examples are the Karoo, Kerguelem and Ontong-Java. LIPs including an important silicic component have been described in some basaltic provinces of southern Africa (Milner et al. 1992). More recently, silicic-dominated LIPs have been recognized in eastern Australia (Bryan et al., 2000), in southern South America (Pankhurst et al. 1998) and in Antartica Penninsula (Riley and Leat, 1999). The common characteristics of this kind of LIP include: 1) large volume of silicic rocks with dominance of ignimbrites, 2) active over 40 to 50 m.y.; and 3) spatially and temporally associated with plate break up. In this paper we present the main geologic and geochronologic characteristics of the Teles Pires volcanic province from southwest Amazon Craton, which allow its classification as a Paleoprotorozoic silicic-dominated LIP. Geologic implications of this suggestion includes the existence of a large cratonic plate as old as 1.81Ga for the Amazon Craton, therefore the proposed 1.85-1.55 Ga magmatic arc of Rio Negro-Juruena Province should be reviewed (au)

  13. Effect of dietary supplement (cevas on the chemical composition of wild fish Brycon falcatus Müller & Troschel, 1844 in the Teles Pires river basin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liliane Stedile Matos

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available In the Teles Pires River watershed, one of the most common techniques currently used by fishermen to catch fish is to provide a food supplement commonly known as “cevas”. The purpose of this study was to compare the chemical composition of fillets from Brycon falcatus that were caught in both the presence and absence of cevas. The fish were sampled monthly and captured in the following conditions: the Tapaiúna River without cevas, the Teles Pires River with one ceva/100 m, the Celeste River with one ceva/500 m, the Verde River with one ceva/1000 m and the Cristalino River (control area. Subsequent to capture, the fish were euthanized and preserved on ice to determine their water, ash, crude protein and fat contents. Fillets of fish from the control area exhibited a lower level of crude protein (17.81% compared with that of fish from the other rivers, which did not differ amongst one other. The fillets of fish from the river with the greatest density of cevas (1/100 m exhibited a higher fat content (3.63% than that of fish from the control area (1.51%. Thus, the cevas changed the chemical composition of B. falcatus fillets.

  14. Tuuli Koch : SL Esileedi / Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2008-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese väitel häirib teda kollase ajakirjanduse kasvav mõju. Proua Evelin Ilvese tegevust kajastatakse pidevalt kollases ajakirjanduses. Kui Postimees on püüdnud proua E. Ilveselt saada kommentaare tõsisematel teemadel, on põrkutud presidendi kantselei vastuseisule. Presidendi kantselei avalike suhete nõuniku Toomas Sildami kommentaaridest

  15. USO DE DROGAS E DESEMPENHO ESCOLAR ENTRE JOVENS E ADOLESCENTES DO ENSINO MÉDIO DE UMA ESCOLA PÚBLICA DE PIRES DO RIO – GO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilcker Pereira Silva D'Orazio

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo teve como objetivo estimar a prevalência do uso de drogas por discentes de uma escola da rede estadual de Pires do Rio, Goiás, associando-a ao desempenho escolar dos mesmos. Participaram da pesquisa 371 discentes do ensino médio, com idade entre 14 e 34 anos, dos turnos matutino e noturno que responderam a um questionário anônimo coletivamente em sala de aula. As drogas mais consumidas, alguma vez na vida, foram: álcool (95,8%, tabaco (46,1%, maconha (3,5%, solventes (4%, cocaína (4% e crack (0,5%. A partir deste estudo, foi possível perceber que os índices de reprovação apresentados, nos períodos investigados, foi elevado, quando associado aos discentes que já tiveram contato com algum tipo de droga, o que reforça a hipótese de que o uso de tais substâncias pode interferir no desempenho escolar dos alunos. Considera-se necessário a implantação de políticas de intervenção contra o uso de drogas, a fim de minimizar o problema.

  16. IgM antibodies to Schistosoma mansoni gut-associated antigens for the study of schistosomiasis transmission in Ribeirão Pires, São Paulo

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    Vera LF Camargo-Neves

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available The potential of an immunofluorescence test for detection of IgM antibodies against Schistosoma mansoni gut-associated antigens (IgM-IFT was evaluated as a tool for studying aspects related to the schistosomiasis transmission in Ribeirão Pires, in the metropolitan area of the capital of the State of São Paulo, Brazil. Children from a school with about 400 students, 6 to 18 years, were followed-up for two years. In the five surveys, carried out at 6-month intervals, from October 92 to October 94, serological (IgM-IFT prevalence indices of 5.3%, 5.8%, 6.2%, 2.9% and 3.3% were obtained. These indices were 7 to 10 times higher than the parasitological prevalence indices of 0.5%, 0.5%, 0.7%, 0.4% and 0% determined by the Kato-Katz method. Seroconversion from IFT negative to positive was indicating possible newly acquired S. mansoni infection in three children. But confirmation of infection by fecal examination was possible in only one child. The IgM-IFT can constitute a valuable tool for the improvement of the vigilance program in low endemic areas for schistosomiasis, better characterizing the S. mansoni transmission in such areas.

  17. Diet and trophic structure of the fish assemblage in the mid-course of the Teles Pires River, Tapajós River basin, Brazil

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    Eurizângela P. Dary

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT This study was carried out in a section of the middle course of the Teles Pires River, a clear water river that drains ancient and highly eroded geological formations, and where five hydropower plants are planned or in construction. In this study we tested the hypothesis that local fish fauna is mainly sustained by autochthonous food resources, with modest changes in the trophic structure of fish assemblages along the hydrometric cycle. Sampling was performed every three months between July 2008 and May 2009 at seven sites distributed along a 50-km section of the river. Piscivores was the most representative group in terms of biomass, abundance and species richness, followed by herbivores, insectivores and omnivores. The trophic structure did not change significantly during the hydrometric cycle, only omnivores showed significant temporal variation in abundance. The main food resources consumed by the ichthyofauna were of autochthonous origin, mainly immature aquatic insects and fish. Eight of 34 species showed temporal variations of the food resources consumed. Our results corroborate the hypothesis that the fish fauna of large, clear water rivers can be sustained by autochthonous resources. This contributes to understanding some determinants of fish production in large Neotropical rivers.

  18. Varased iluideaalid / Tuuli Soodla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soodla, Tuuli

    2008-01-01

    Inimkeha kujutamisest kunstis erinevatel ajajärkudel. Vanim skulptuur inimesest on Willendorfi Venus. Egiptuse kuninganna Nofretete büst kui maailma kauneima naise kuju. Milo Venus kui kreeka naiseilu ideaal

  19. Assessment of soil and groundwater contamination by potentially toxic and trace elements in an impounded vehicle scrapyard: Case study: Ribeirão Pires, SP, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lange, Camila Neves

    2018-01-01

    Impounded vehicle scrapyard (IVS) overcrowding is currently a subject of concern in Brazilian scenario. The aim of this study was to assess the total levels of potentially toxic elements (PTEs) and trace elements (TE) in soil and groundwater in an IVS located in the city of Ribeirão Pires. In order to achieve this objective, topsoil, three soil cores and groundwater of three monitoring wells were analyzed. It was verified that the area is mainly affected by three factors: (1) a landfill layer with construction waste; (2) an oily residue from past industrial activities in the area; (3) vehicles parked on topsoil. For the evaluation of the results, statistical techniques, such as multivariate analysis, calculation of pollution, ecological and human health risk index were used. Mass fractions of all PTEs, except Co, Cu, Mo and Zn, were higher than reference values. Hot spots were observed for most elements suggesting vehicular source. The Geoaccumulation Index showed minimal to moderate pollution in soil for most elements, except for As and Ba, which showed higher accumulation than other elements. The enrichment factor pointed to a significant enrichment of As and Pb. Arsenic content in soil may pose a moderate to high potential ecological risk. The results of PTEs and as statistical approaches indicated that As, Ce, Co, Cu, Mn, Nb, Ni, Pb and Zn are mainly from anthropogenic sources. The content of most PTEs in topsoil does not pose a potential human health risk, except Cr content. Groundwater levels for most PTEs were below the drinking water recommendation limits, except Mn and Fe content. (author)

  20. Efeitos de alterações na zona ripária sobre a integridade de igarapés amazônicos no Baixo rio Teles Pires, Norte de Mato Grosso

    OpenAIRE

    Bleich, Monica Elisa

    2015-01-01

    Na bacia Amazônica existem muitos riachos, localmente denominados de igarapés, inseridos em paisagens heterogêneas, considerando as variações naturais das condições geomorfológicas, os períodos hidrológicos e a degradação promovida pelo desmatamento, principalmente na borda sul da bacia. Logo, o objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar os impactos de alterações na cobertura florestal ripária sobre a estrutura do ecossistema em igarapés de cabeceira no baixo rio Teles Pires, norte de Mato Gross...

  1. Florística da vegetação arbustivo - arbórea colonizadora de uma área degradada por mineração de caulim, em Brás Pires, MG Floristic of shrub - tree vegetation colonizing an area degraded by kaolin mining, in Brás Pires, MG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Squizzatto de Araújo

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo teve como objetivos analisar a composição florística da vegetação arbustivo-arbórea colonizadora de uma área degradada por mineração de caulim, em Brás Pires, MG, compará-la com outros fragmentos florestais e caracterizar aspectos de auto-ecologia das espécies e o solo da área. O levantamento florístico abrangeu uma área de 0,5 ha, subdividida em 50 parcelas contíguas de 10 m x 10 m. Foram incluídos todos os indivíduos com CAP igual ou superior a 10 cm. A composição florística é o resultado desse levantamento acrescida de coletas fora da área de amostragem, totalizando 64 espécies, distribuídas em 50 gêneros e 30 famílias. As famílias com maior número de espécies foram Leguminosae (11, Annonaceae (5, Lauraceae e Melastomataceae (4, enquanto o gênero mais rico foi Machaerium (3. A análise do substrato, nas condições em que se encontrava, revelou que este não impedia o estabelecimento da vegetação. A síndrome de dispersão preponderante era a zoocórica, destacando-se a importância de indivíduos remanescentes, fragmentos próximos e sua fauna associada. A maior similaridade florística ocorreu com o fragmento em Cruzeiro, SP, estando ambas as áreas em início de sucessão.This study aimed to analyze the floristic composition of shrub-tree vegetation colonizing an area degraded by kaolin mining in Brás Pires, MG, compare it with other forest fragments and characterize ecological aspects of species and soil of the area. The sampled area was 0.5 ha subdivided in 50 grid plots of 10x10 meters each. All individuals included had CAP equal or larger than 10cm. The floristic composition is the result of the sampled area plus species collected outside of it. A total of 64 species was obtained, distributed in 50 genera and 30 families. The families with the greater number of species were Leguminosae (11, Annonaceae (5, Lauraceae e Melastomataceae (4, while the richest genus was Machaerium (3. The soil

  2. Banco de sementes como indicador de restauração de uma área degradada por mineração de caulim em Brás Pires, MG Seed bank as indicator of restoration of a kaolin mining - degraded area in Brás Pires, MG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sebastião Venâncio Martins

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo teve como objetivo caracterizar o banco de sementes sob vegetação secundária em uma área degradada por mineração de caulim em Brás Pires, MG. Foram coletadas 40 amostras de solo de 0,5 x 0,5 m até a profundidade de 5,0 cm. As amostras foram mantidas em viveiro por quatro meses, sendo metade em sombreamento de 11,5% (luz e metade em sombreamento de 60% (sombra. A germinação das sementes foi comparada nas duas condições de sombra (11,5% e 60%, utilizando-se o teste t para amostras independentes. Foram amostradas 36 espécies pertencentes a 17 famílias botânicas. As famílias com maior riqueza específica foram Asteraceae, com nove espécies, Rubiaceae com cinco e Poaceae com quatro. A maioria das espécies (66,7% e dos indivíduos (82,2% amostrados no banco foi de herbácea. As espécies com maior número de indivíduos germinados do banco foram as herbáceas Urochloa decumbens (Stapf R.D. Webster, Cenchrus sp. e Eragrostis sp. e a arbustiva Leandra niangaeformis Cogn. Entre as arbóreas, destacaram-se em número de indivíduos Luehea grandiflora Mart. e Trema micranta (L. Blume. A maior densidade de ervas daninhas oriundas de áreas antropizadas do entorno indicou baixa resiliência da vegetação presente na área degradada em caso de ocorrer alguma perturbação severa.This study aimed to characterize the soil seed bank under secondary vegetation in an area degraded by kaolin mining in Brás Pires, MG, Brazil. Forty soil samples of 0.5 x 0.5 m were collected to the depth of 5.0 cm. The soil samples were maintained in nursery for four months, half in shading of 11.5% (light, and half in shading of 60% (shade. Seed germination was compared under the two shade conditions (11.5% and 60%, utilizing the t test for independent samples. Thirty-six species belonging to 17 botanical families were sampled. The families with the largest number of species were Asteraceae with 9, Rubiaceae with 5, and Poaceae with 4. Most of the

  3. Ruumikujundused eelmisel aastal / Tuuli Org

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Org, Tuuli

    2007-01-01

    Kokkuvõtted Kuressaare linna 2006. aasta ilusamatest ruumikujundustest: Ereki kontorihoone Pihtla tee 28 (Vello Liiv), kohvik Classic Lossi 9 (Kai Laanmets, Liina Saabas), Kuressaare gümnaasium Nooruse 1 (Vello Liiv), Vinoteek Lossi 4 (Ülle Kiirend, Anne Olop)

  4. "UK today" Tallinnas / Tuuli Oder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oder, Tuuli, 1958-

    2001-01-01

    Vabariikliku inglise keele olümpiaadi raames toimus Tallinnas viktoriini "UK today" lõppvoor. Osalesid 22 kooli kaheliikmelised võistkonnad. Viktoriini tulemused koolide lõikes ja küsimused õigete vastustega

  5. Assessment of soil and groundwater contamination by potentially toxic and trace elements in an impounded vehicle scrapyard: Case study: Ribeirão Pires, SP, Brazil; Avaliação da contaminação de solos e água subterrânea por elementos potencialmente tóxicos e traços em um patio de recolhimento de veículos: estudo de caso: Ribeirão Pires, SP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lange, Camila Neves

    2018-04-01

    Impounded vehicle scrapyard (IVS) overcrowding is currently a subject of concern in Brazilian scenario. The aim of this study was to assess the total levels of potentially toxic elements (PTEs) and trace elements (TE) in soil and groundwater in an IVS located in the city of Ribeirão Pires. In order to achieve this objective, topsoil, three soil cores and groundwater of three monitoring wells were analyzed. It was verified that the area is mainly affected by three factors: (1) a landfill layer with construction waste; (2) an oily residue from past industrial activities in the area; (3) vehicles parked on topsoil. For the evaluation of the results, statistical techniques, such as multivariate analysis, calculation of pollution, ecological and human health risk index were used. Mass fractions of all PTEs, except Co, Cu, Mo and Zn, were higher than reference values. Hot spots were observed for most elements suggesting vehicular source. The Geoaccumulation Index showed minimal to moderate pollution in soil for most elements, except for As and Ba, which showed higher accumulation than other elements. The enrichment factor pointed to a significant enrichment of As and Pb. Arsenic content in soil may pose a moderate to high potential ecological risk. The results of PTEs and as statistical approaches indicated that As, Ce, Co, Cu, Mn, Nb, Ni, Pb and Zn are mainly from anthropogenic sources. The content of most PTEs in topsoil does not pose a potential human health risk, except Cr content. Groundwater levels for most PTEs were below the drinking water recommendation limits, except Mn and Fe content. (author)

  6. Using Google Earth Engine To Apply Spectral Mixture Analysis Over Landsat 5TM Imagery To Map Fire Scars In The Alto Teles Pires River Basin, Mato Grosso State, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antunes Daldegan, G.; Ribeiro, F.; Roberts, D. A.

    2016-12-01

    The two most extensive biomes in Brazil, the Amazon Forest and the Cerrado (the Brazilian savanna), are subject to many fire events every dry season. Both biomes are well-known for their ecological and environmental importance but, due to the intensive human occupation over the last decades, they have been experiencing high deforestation rates with much of their natural landscape being converted to agriculture and pasture uses. The Cerrado, as a savanna, has naturally evolved adapted to fire. According to some researchers, this biome has been exposed to fire for the last 25 million years, forging the diversification of many C4 grass species, for example. The Amazon forest does not have similar characteristics and studies have shown that forest areas that have been already burned become more prone to recurrent burns. Forest patches that are close to open areas have their edges exposed to higher insolation and greater turbulence, drying the understory vegetation and litter, turning those areas more susceptible to fire events. In cases where grass species become established in the understory they can be a renewable source of fuel for recurrent burns. This study aimed to identify and map fire scars present in the region of Alto Teles Pires river basin, State of Mato Grosso - Brazil, during 10 years (2002-2011). This region is located in the transition zone between the two biomes and is known for its high deforestation rates. By taking advantage of the Landsat 5TM imagery collection present in Google Earth Engine platform as well as applying Spectral Mixture Analysis (SMA) techniques over them it was possible to estimate fractions of Green Vegetation (GV), Non-Photosynthetic Vegetation (NPV), and Soil targets, which are the surfaces that compose the vast majority of the landscape in the study region. Iteratively running SMA analysis over the imagery using burned vegetation endmembers allowed us to further identify fire scars present in the region, returning excellent

  7. Patient involvement in research priorities (PIRE)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Piil, Karin; Jarden, Mary

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Patient involvement in healthcare has expanded from the clinical practice setting to include collaboration during the research process. There has been a growing international interest in patient and public involvement in setting research priorities to reduce the risk of discrepancy...... between what patients with cancer and their relatives experience as important unanswered questions and those which are actually researched. This study aims to challenge the conventional research process by inviting patients with life-threatening cancer (primary malignant brain tumours or acute leukaemia......), relatives and patient organisations to join forces with clinical specialists and researchers to identify, discuss and prioritise supportive care and rehabilitation issues in future research. Methods and analysis: This is an exploratory qualitative study comprising two sets of three focus group interviews...

  8. Rein Veidemann: vabadus on kohustus / Tuuli Jõesaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jõesaar, Tuuli

    2014-01-01

    Balti keti 25. aastapäeva puhul vestlus Eesti kirjanduse ja kultuuriloo professori Rein Veidemanniga vabadusest ning taasavaldatud luuletusest "Palve", mille ta kirjutas Eesti laulva revolutsiooni ajal. Artikkel sisaldab Rein Veidemanni luuletust "Palve"

  9. Sakslased kiidavad Estonia huku filmi / Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2003-01-01

    Saksamaal Berliinis esilinastus 13. oktoobril poliitiline põnevusfilm "Balti torm" ("Baltic Storm"), mis kujutab parvlaev "Estonia" hukku. Eestisse filmi toomisega tegelev produtsent Mati Sepping peab sakslaste kommentaare filmile headeks

  10. Lifestyle / Tuuli Köller, Katrin Koov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Köller, Tuuli

    2005-01-01

    13.-17. X 2004 Jõesuus Põhjamaade Ehitusakadeemia V Sügispäevade raames toimunud rahvusvahelisest workshop'ist "Lifestyle", mille eestipoolne põhikorraldaja oli AB Sadakond, kaasa aitas Kavakava, toetas Eesti Kunstiakadeemia. Osalesid arhitektid, kunstnikud, arhitektuuri- ja kunstiüliõpilased Soomest, Rootsist, Saksamaalt ja Itaaliast. Keskenduti kolhoosiarhitektuurile. Katrin Koovi, Siiri Vallneri ja Kaire Nõmme, Rene Valneri ja Kalle Komissarovi jt. töödest

  11. Sotside enamus lepib Savisaarega / Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2009-01-01

    Sotsiaaldemokraatidest enamus toetab koos Keskerakonnaga võimuvastutuse võtmist Tallinnas. Riigikogu sotsiaaldemokraatide fraktsiooni esimees Eiki Nestor on läbirääkimiste suhtes tsentristidega negatiivselt meelestatud

  12. Tulevased presidendid saatsid Presidenti / Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli, 1978-

    2006-01-01

    President Lennart Meri oli 26. märtsil ära saatma tulnud tuhanded eestimaalased, kes jälgisid kiriklikku tseremooniat Vabaduse väljakule paigutatud ekraanidelt ning saatsid president Lennart Merit Kadrioru lossini

  13. Rahvusmeedia otsib uut logo / Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2007-01-01

    Rahvusringhäälinguks ühinenud Eesti Televisioon ja Eesti Raadio hakkavad otsima ühist logo, teleekraani nurka jääb ikka lühend ETV ning erinevad raadiojaamad jätkavad ka tulevikus oma näo ja nimega

  14. 3- ja 4-aastaste laste intellektuaalne areng erinevates kasvukeskkondades / Merit Laane, Kristina Nugin, Ingrid Tuisk, Marika Veisson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    Uuringust, mille eesmärgiks oli selgitada, milline on 3- ja 4-aastaste laste intellektuaalne areng erinevates kasvukeskkondades. Uuringus osalesid longituuduurimuses osalenud lapsed, tavarühma lapsed ja Hea Alguse rühma lapsed

  15. Pengaruh Jenis Koagulan Terhadap Viskositas Larutan Pencuci Piring (Dishwashing Liquid)

    OpenAIRE

    Pasaribu, Osbal Sugondo

    2012-01-01

    Research on the influence of coagulant type on the viscosity of the dishwashing liquid has been done. Dishwashing solution that is used as a sample obtained from a mixture of sodium lauryl sulfate, sodium lauryl ether sulfate, a coagulant, fragrance lemon and water. Coagulant used is a solution of sodium chloride 30%, solution of sodium sulfate 15% and sodium phosphate solution of 10%. Solution viscosity was measured after the addition of a dishwasher using Viscosimeter Ostwald coagulant. The...

  16. Pemanfaatan Minyak Goreng Jelantah Pada Pembuatan Sabun Cuci Piring Cair

    OpenAIRE

    Lestari, Pratiwi Putri

    2011-01-01

    Cooking oil is one of the basic commodities, is highly needed by the Indonesian people, especially by housewives. Consuming reused cooking oil can cause serious diseases; therefore, there is an effort to use the reused cooking oil effectively in order that it does not soil the environment by reprocessing it as natural cooking oil or as materials from which liquid soap is made. The sample of the research was the reused cooking oil for frying tofu and tempe (soybean cake) after it had been reu...

  17. Review on methods of golden mussel control in pires

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edemir Luiz Kowalski

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available At the beginning of the 90’s, they were detected in Rio da Prata in Argentina the first samples of the exotic specie named limnoperna fortunei, from Asia, maybe introduced through ballast water of ships came from Asia. In Brazil the first samples were detected in Lagoa dos Patos in Rio Grande do Sul in the 90’s, possibly by the same reason. A second axis was verified in Campo Grande in Mato Grosso do Sul derived probably from Argentina because of the navigation through the Paraguay river going down to Lagoa de Itaipú causing its contamination. The invader specie has the capacity of fouling pipings where the contaminated water circulates, causing considerable financial damage to the infected industries. In Brazil the indrustries located in Rio Grande do Sul as well as hydroelectric plants as Itaipu, they manage these problems stopping the equipments for their maintenance and cleaning more times than the habitual. The United States of America and Canada already have the same kind of problem with the similar specie found here in Brazil. The target of this work is to introduce a review about the main methods to control the golden mussel mollusk without using any kind of chemical products, based on The USA and Canada’s experiences, where there are similar problems but with the specie zebra mussel. Key-words: Non Chemicals Methods, Golden Mussel, Zebra Mussel

  18. Siseminister Pihl saab arvestada 300 lisamiljoniga / Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2008-01-01

    2009. aasta riigieelarve koostamisel tegi rahandusministeerium 3,5 miljardi krooni suuruse lisapakkumise, millest 300 miljonit peaks pehmendama siseministeeriumi koondamise ja kokkuhoiu stsenaariumi. Lisa: Must stsenaarium

  19. Kiiristungeid pidavate saadikute palgaralli / Tuuli Koch, Kaire Uusen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2008-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees: na russkom jazõke 25. veebr. lk. 4. Statistikaameti andmetel oli 2007. a. neljanda kvartali keskmine brutopalk Eestis 12 270 krooni kuus, mis on 2006. a. viimase kvartaliga võrreldes 20,1 % rohkem. Sellega kaasneb kõrgemate riigiametnike palgatõus. President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese kuuteenistuseks on määratud seitse keskmist palka, koos esindustasuga on tema palgasummaks 103 068 krooni. Presidendi palga kasvades suureneb ka tema abikaasa esindustasu, mis on 30 % presidendi ametipalgast. Vt. samas: Riigimeeste palgatõus (aastatel 2005-2009); Kui palju teenis Konstantin Päts? Riigipalgad 1935. aastal

  20. 101 riigikogulast said valijalt ehmatava liputervituse / Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 4. sept. lk. 4. Valija Tiina Talts saatis presidendivalimiste esimese päeva hommikul parlamendiliikmetele kirja, mille juurde oli ümber disainitud Eesti lipp. Vastused saatsid neli saadikut, nende hulgas Mait Klaassen, Jaak Allik, Janno Reiljan

  1. Nord Stream "ründas" Gotlandil Eestit / Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2010-01-01

    Vene- Saksa gaasijuhtme ehituse sõlmpunktiks muutuval Gotlandil jäi Slite sadamasse Nord Streami raha eest ehitatud kaile ette mälestusmärk eestlastele ja lätlastele, kes 1944. aastal punavõimu eest põgenedes Gotlandile jõudsid. Kaart

  2. Parts ei soovi Res Publica esimehe ametit / Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2005-01-01

    Kõige tõenäolisem kandidaat Res Publica juhi kohale on Taavi Veskimägi, aseesimeesteks kandideerivad Marko Mihkelson ja Henn Pärn. Res Publica fraktsiooni koosolekul leidis Mihhail Lotman, et erakond võiks olla feminiinsem

  3. Ülevaade Eesti varasest arvutikunstist / Tuuli Lepik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lepik, Tuuli

    2004-01-01

    Eesti arvutikunsti arengust ja seda mõjutanud erinevatest nähtustest ning objektiivsetest teguritest. Ka Mall Nukke, Aavo Ermeli ja Tõnis Vindi stuudio esimestest katsetustest ning Rauno Remme, Ando Keskküla, Raivo Kelomehe ja teiste töödest

  4. USA-reis nõuab biomeetrilist passi / Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2004-01-01

    USA-s pikendati viisavabastusprogrammi biomeetrilise passi tähtaega 2005. aasta 26. oktoobrini. USA Eesti-saatkonna töötaja Christopher Smithi sõnul ei kehti viisavabadusprogrammi raames reisimise puhul passid, mida ei saa masinaga lugeda

  5. Eesti kirurgi seiklused Aafrikas: songaoperatsioon moskiitovõrguga / Tuuli Jõesaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jõesaar, Tuuli

    2011-01-01

    Põhja-Eesti regionaalhaigla kirurg Jüri Teras räägib oma tööst rahvusvahelisel meditsiinimissioonil Ghanas ja Gambias Operation Hernia raames. Operation Hernia Humanitarian Mission'ist, Eesti välisministeeriumi toetusest Eesti arstide missioonidele

  6. Marite Kallasma - diktorist eetrinägude direktoriks / Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2008-01-01

    Legendaarne telediktor Marite Kallasma pälvis president Toomas Hendrik Ilveselt Valgetähe V klassi teenetemärgi. Praegu on Marite Kallasma eetrinõustaja ja diktorite õpetaja. Vt. samas: teenetemärgi pälvinud kaitseliitlane Janek Tšeljadinov, USA ajaloolane ja ajakirjanik Anne Applebaum, briti ajaloolane Antony Beevor, Portugali president Anibal Cavaco Silva, briti ajaloolane Norman Davies, Narva sümfooniaorkestri looja Anatoli Štšura, Kallaste vanausuliste koguduse esimees Pavel Varunin, Eesti Entsüklopeediakirjastuse kunstiline toimetaja Maie-Hele Segerkrantz

  7. Savisaar sai miljonikrundi 500 000 krooniga / Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2005-01-01

    Majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniminister Edgar Savisaar omandas 500 000 krooni eest maatüki koos majaga Keila-Joa suvilakompleksis. Lisad: Laidoneri suvemaja ostu-müügitehing; Keila-Joa suvilakompleks

  8. Lasnamäe koolijuht kaebas keeleinspektsiooni kohtusse / Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2005-01-01

    Eestikeelsetest küsimustest vaevu aru saav, kuid riigikeeles kõrgtaseme tunnistuse saanud Tallinna Lasnamäe Gümnaasiumi direktor Aleksander Haak kaebas keeletunnistuse päritolus kahtleva keeleinspektsiooni kohtusse

  9. Appihüüd märkamise ja mõistmise järele / Mare Tuisk ; intervjueerinud Karl Kello

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuisk, Mare

    2002-01-01

    Intervjuu koolipsühholoogiga, kes oma magistritöös "Käitumisprobleemid esimese ja teise kooliastme õpilaste vajaduste ja emotsioonide kontekstis" uuris käitumishäiretega laste probleeme: põhjuseks bioloogiliste vajaduste, turvalisus-, kuuluvus-, tunnustus- ja eneseteostusvajaduse mitterahuldatus

  10. Mekanisme dan Torsi Pengepresan Tunggul Tebu menggunakan Pisau Bajak Piring yang diputar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lisyanto

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Cutting of sugar cane stubble is one of important activities in sugar cane agriculture system. Problems on labor and low quality of cutting have not been solved by manual cutting system. In addition, a kind of farm machinery, which work in rotating ways did not give a good result in doing the cutting of sugar cane stubble. Due to low quality of cutting and broken sugar cane stubble, it is not used any more. The problem of broken sugar cane stubble in mechanical cutting system should be solved by changing the system of cutting mechanism, prefering impact cutting to chips forming. The goal of the study is to analyze the mechanism of cutting on sugar cane stubble by using rotating disk plow and to develop a mathematical model in order to determine cutting force of sugar cane stubble. Method of analyzing on movement of node on edge is used to discribe a curve of edge movement. A mathematical model of cutting force was developed base on instant cutting area which was calculated using Simpson method, numerical integration system. Equations resulted from this study can be applied to simulate the movement of edge using input parameters, mainly: tilt angle, disk angle, angular velocity,linier velocity. Variety of PA 198 has the higher specific cutting resistance per area of cutting than the other varieties. The mathematical model developed can be used to determine the cutting force with a good result.

  11. D. Luís Pires : retalhos de vida de um prelado quatrocentista

    OpenAIRE

    Garrido, André

    2007-01-01

    D. Luís foi capelão em 1433, quando D. Duarte subiu ao trono, e era arcebispo de Braga quando morreu em 1480. Ao longo destes 43 anos foi embaixador régio, legado papal na Alemanha, bispo em três dioceses nacionais e responsável por um dos sínodos diocesanos mais importantes para o período medieval. No contexto nacional, foi testemunha directa dos momentos políticos que conduzirama Alfarrobeira. Já no âmbito europeu, foi um privilegiado espectador do despontar da arte e cultura renascentista ...

  12. Pascale Antolin-Pires. L’Objet et ses doubles. Une relecture de Fitzgerald.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Agnès Gay

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Ce n’est pas le moindre mérite de cet ouvrage que de tenir le pari affiché dans son titre, à savoir nous entraîner en effet dans une « relecture » de Fitzgerald. La référence aux objets évoque certes la dimension mimétique du texte fitzgeraldien, si souvent réduit à un documentaire sur le Jazz Age ; mais l’auteur, en traquant les doubles ou faux sens de ces objets-signes présente l’envers de cette œuvre qui, plutôt que d’une tradition réaliste fondée sur le mode référentiel, relève d’une écri...

  13. Eesti lühifilm sai erootikapreemia

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Itaalias Montecatini lühifilmide festivalil sai kategoorias "Eros in short films" parima filmi auhinna lühimängufilm "Ring" : stsenaristid : Andrus Tuisk, Urmas Lennuk, Kaur Kender : režissöör Andrus Tuisk : osades Lembit Ulfsak, Merle Palmiste ja Karl Annus : Tuisk Film - Parunid ja Vonid 2004

  14. Eesti arvutikunsti teke = The birth of Estonian computer art / Tuuli Lepik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lepik, Tuuli

    2010-01-01

    Arvutustehnika arengust, esimestest elektronarvutitest Eestis ja kunstiväliselt loodud visuaalidest, s.t. tähemärkidest piltidest meie teadusasutustes, esimestest kunstnikest, kes kasutasid arvutigraafikat pildi loomiseks, Fin Plotteri tegevusest, inseneride, programmeerijate, informaatikute ja kunstnike koostööst, ka Eestis loodud arvutimängudest

  15. Kõue wealth deposit and similar late iron age finds in Estonia / Tuuli Kurisoo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kurisoo, Tuuli, 1989-

    2014-01-01

    Peamiselt pronksehetest koosnevast 11.- 12. sajandist pärinevast peitleiust. Kõue leiu silmapaistvam osa on massiivne neljarealine rinnakee. Leidu pole võimalik väga täpselt ajaldada. Ilmselt pärineb see perioodist alates 11. sajandi teisest poolest 12. sajandi esimese pooleni

  16. Putin ei kiirusta enam MRP pakti hukka mõistma / Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2005-01-01

    President Arnold Rüütel ja Venemaa presidendi pressiesindaja kajastavad Vladimir Putini seisukohti Molotovi-Ribbentropi pakti ümberhindamise kohta erinevalt. Vt. samas: Rüütel sõitis Moskvast Kiievisse

  17. Putin ei kiirusta enam MRP pakti hukka mõistma / Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2005-01-01

    President Arnold Rüütli pressiesindaja Eero Raun ja Venemaa presidendi pressiesindaja Dimitri Peskov kajastavad Vladimir Putini seisukohti Molotovi-Ribbentropi pakti ümberhindamise kohta erinevalt. Vt. samas: Rüütel sõitis Moskvast Kiievisse. Töövisiit Moskvasse 20.-22.01.2005. Töövisiit Ukrainasse 22.-24.01.2005

  18. BLRT väikeaktsionärid nõuavad Bermanilt erakorralist koosolekut / Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2011-01-01

    AS-i BLRT Grupp vähemusaktsionärid Mihhil Gnidin, Valeri Kovalenko ja NSC Investments soovivad erakorralise üldkoosoleku kokkukutsumist ning saada põhjalikum ülevaade kontserni praegusest tegevusest ja tulevikuplaanidest. BLRT Grupi aktsionäri Valeri Karkatšovi aktsiate ülekandmisest Igor Bermanile ja selle eelnenud sündmustest

  19. Tiit Elenurme meistriklass : uute juhtimisideede ajutrust / küsitlenud Tuuli Stewart

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Elenurm, Tiit, 1952-

    2003-01-01

    Vestlus EBS-i õppejõuga tema poolt juhitavast nelja kõrgkooli majandusjuhtimise eriala üliõpilasi koondavast meistriklassist, mille eesmärgiks on arendada uute juhtimisideede otsinguks ja kriitiliseks analüüsiks vajalikke kompetentse

  20. Kadriorg ostis 115 500 krooni eest president Rüütli raamatuid / Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees: na russkom jazõke 14. juuni, lk. 4. Presidendi kantselei ostis 500 eksemplari raamatut " Eesti Vabariigi president Arnold Rüütel", mis kajastab president Arnold Rüütli senist ametitegevust. Samas ka: Väljavõtteid president Rüütli elulooraamatust

  1. Pikaro: hull, kui Pärnu jätkab samade juhtoinastega / Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2008-01-01

    Kaitsepolitsei asub üle kuulama Pärnu linnapead Mart Viisitamme ja abilinnapead Simmo Saart, keda kahtlustatakse riigihangetes omade soosimises, samal ajal arutlevad kriisi sattunud linna volikogu liikmed selle üle, kuidas linnajuhtimisega antud olukorras edasi minna. Vt. samas: Pärnu linnavalitsus; Pärnu linnavolikogu

  2. Lotmani kõne ajas erakonnad tülli / Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2005-01-01

    SDE ja Res Publica konfliktist seoses Mihhail Lotmani kõnega vanemahüvitise seaduseelnõu arutelul Riigikogus. Res Publica esimehe Juhan Partsi kirjast SDE esimehele Ivari Padarile, I. Padari vastusest. Lisa: Nestor: kõige tavalisem fašism

  3. Res Publica toetus pole aastaga üle viie protsendi tõusnud / Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2006-01-01

    Emori jaanuarikuu küsitluse põhjal on 22 protsendiga suurim toetajaskond Keskerakonnal, Res Publica reiting on aasta aega püsinud viie ja kolme toetusprotsendi vahel. Vt. samas: Taavi Veskimägi. 2 küsimust. Diagrammid: Res Publica valiks riigikogusse tagasi vaid kolm protsenti valijaist; Toetus Res Publicale

  4. Res Publica lihtliikmed tõrjuvad Veskimäge / Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Pärnu Postimees 17. okt. lk. 6. Isamaa ja Res Publica liidu peaministrikandidaadiks sai Mart Laar, kuid pinged erakondade sees kestavad edasi. Res Publica opositsioon toetab isamaaliitlast Mart Laari ja on Taavi Veskimäe vastu. Lisa: Otsitakse peaministrit

  5. Res Publica ladvikus hõõgub võimutüli / Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2006-01-01

    22. aprillil kogunenud Res Publica volikogu toetas 60 poolthäälega ühe vastu Res Publica ja Isamaaliidu ühinemist. Tõnis Palts teatas volikogul esinedes, et Taavi Veskimägi ei sobi Res Publica poolseks läbirääkimiste juhiks

  6. Eetilisemat Eestit ehitav advokaat naudib masu / Aku Sorainen ; intervjueerinud Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sorainen, Aku

    2009-01-01

    15 aastat Eestis elanud advokaat ja Malta aukonsul vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad töötmist Eestis, ärikultuuri, poliitilist kultuuri, eliiti. Ta leiab, et Eesti on lähenemas Põhjamaade eetilisele ja väärtusi toetavale ärikultuurile

  7. Merereostuse vältimine ja likvideerimine / Tuuli Rasso, Krista Jansen, Andra Peel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rasso, Tuuli

    2005-01-01

    Riigikontroll korraldas koostöös teiste Läänemere riikidega 2004. a. kaks auditit, milles analüüsiti riigi tegevust laevadelt pärineva reostuse vältimisel ja merereostuse käsitlemisel. Laevajäätmete vastuvõtust sadamates, jäätmekäitlejate aruandlusest, merereostuste avastamisest ja likvideerimisest, reostaja karistustest ning ametkondlikust vastutusest. Diagrammid. Tabelid

  8. Mitte ainult spordihoone = More than a Gym / Tuuli Köller

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Köller, Tuuli

    2009-01-01

    Tartus 2009. a. valminud Eesti Maaülikooli spordihoonest, mille arhitektid on Maarja Kask, Karli Luik ja Ralf Lõoke, projekteerija AB Salto, sisekujundajad Katrin Kaevats ja Jaan Frank Port. Projekt 2007

  9. NATO Briti peakorter kutsub Eesti kaitseväge endaga liituma / Tuuli Jõesaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jõesaar, Tuuli

    2013-01-01

    Suurbritannias Cornwallis toimunud NATO Briti peakorteri ARRC (Allied Rapid Reaction Corps) staabiõppusest Arrcade Fusion, kus osales ka kaks Eesti ohvitseri. Eesti kaitseväge oodatakse liituma ARRC-ga, Eesti poolt on liitumine esialgu lahtine

  10. Teatrilugu nendest, kes teatris ei käi / Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2000-01-01

    Nr. 52/1999. Martin McDonaghi "Mägede iluduskuninganna" Vanemuises, lavastaja Ain Mäeots. Esietendus oli 5. nov. Ka Ain Mäeotsa ja näitlejate Liina Tennosaare ning Margus Jaanovitsi arvamusi näidendist

  11. Euroopa Inimõiguste Kohtu praktika kohtuotsustes isikuandmete avaldamisel / Tuuli Hansen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hansen, Tuuli, 1986-

    2014-01-01

    Isikuandmete avaldamise regulatsioonist Euroopa Inimõiguste Kohtus. Kohtu praktikast kaebajate isikuandmete avaldamisel, andmete avaldamata jätmise ajenditest ning kaebajate andmete kaitsest kõrgemal tasemel

  12. Mehhiko filmikunst toob Cannes'i värskeid tuuli / Annika Koppel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koppel, Annika

    2006-01-01

    Cannes'i filmifestival. Nähtud filmidest : soomlase Aki Kaurismäki "Äärelinna tuled" ("Laitakaupungin valot"), hispaanlase Pedro Almodovari "Volver" ("Tagasitulek"), inglase Ken Loach'i "Tuul sasib odrapõldu" ("The Wind that Shakes the Barely"), türklase Nuri Bilge Ceylani "Kliima", itaallase Nanni Moretti "Kaiman" ("The Caiman"), mehhiklase Alejandro Gonzalez Inarritu USA mängufilm Brad Pitt'iga peaosas "Paabel" ("Babel")

  13. Linnahalli renoveerimine venib veel vähemalt aasta / Tuuli Aug

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aug, Tuuli

    2010-01-01

    Tallinna linn ja USA firma Tallinn Entertainment LLC otsustasid Tallinna Linnahalli renoveerimiseks ja seda ümbritsevate kinnistute hoonestamiseks luua ühisettevõtte, mille asutamine ja hoonestusõiguse seadmine loodetakse lõpule viia jaanuaris 2011. Detailplaneeringust ja renoveerimisprojekti koostamisest, ühisfirma ehitusplaanist

  14. Laulukaare lähistele võib kerkida tantsuväljak / Tuuli Jõesaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jõesaar, Tuuli

    2011-01-01

    Laulu- ja Tantsupeo SA nõukogu otsustas, et 2019. aastaks, kui esimesest tantsupeost möödub 85 aastat, tuleks tantsijaile ehitada omaette peopaik, mis võiks asuda lauluväljaku läheduses. Ajutine lahendus võiks olla Kadrioru staadion

  15. Peaminister Parts : "ei" seisukohaga Keskerakonnaga valitsust ei tee / Juhan Parts ; interv. Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2003-01-01

    Peaminister Juhan Parts tõdeb, et Keskerakonna juht Edgar Savisaar on selgelt väljendanud oma eitavat seisukohta Eesti EL-iga liitumise suhtes ning sellelt pinnalt on võimu jagamine Keskerakonnaga võimatu

  16. President Ilves sarjas hoogtöö korras seaduste tegemist / Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2010-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese kõnest iseseisvuspäeval. Arvamust avaldavad justiitsminister Rein Lang, Riigikogu põhiseaduskomisjoni esimees Väino Linde ja komisjoni aseesimees Evelyn Sepp, sotsiaalminister Hanno Pevkur ning haridus- ja teadusminister Tõnis Lukas. Presidendi vastuvõtu kujundust ja kontserti hindavad lilleseadja Taivo Piller, muusikakriitik Margus Haav ja Rakvere teatri peanäitejuht Üllar Saaremäe. Küsimustele vastab presidendi vastuvõtu teleülekande produtsent Margus Saar. Juuresoleval fotol justiitsminister Rein Lang presidendi kätlemistseremoonial

  17. Lutheri kvartali lood = The Stories of Luther Quarter / Tuuli Köller

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Köller, Tuuli

    2008-01-01

    Tallinna Lutheri vabriku hoonete korteriteks renoveerimine. Rajatud on 132 uut kodu. Arhitekti, ühe kodu ja juhusliku mööduja lood. Arhitektuur: OÜ Ars Projekt. Kontseptsioon: Rasmus Tamme, Eero Jürgenson (OÜ Ars Projekt). Autorid: Eero Jürgenson (projektijuht), Rasmus Tamme, Jaanus Saarepera, Andrei Pleskatsjov, Evelin Eelma. Konstruktor: Pärnu EKE Projekt AS. Sisekujundus: Eero Jürgenson, Reio Raudsepp, Rasmus Tamme, Liina Kink. Projekt: 2004-2008, valmis: 2008 (I etapp). Asendi-, I korruse (sektsioon hoonest nr. 1) ja II korruse (hoone nr. 1) plaan, vaade (joon.) aerofoto (1938), 4 värv. välis- ja 6 sisevaadet

  18. Äpardunud sambameistrid said viimaks hundipassi / Urmas Jaagant, Tuuli Aug ; kommenteerinud Rainer Sternfeld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jaagant, Urmas

    2009-01-01

    Tšehhi firma Sans Souci ei suutnud Vabadussõja võidusamba ristiosa valgustust rahuldaval määral tööle saada. Uue valguslahenduse leidmiseks on kaitseminister Jaak Aaviksoo palunud algatada riigihanke. Vabadussamba autori Rainer Sternfeldi arvamus tšehhide kehva töö kohta

  19. Litvinenko mõrva uurib Interpol / Tuuli Aug, Ravil Khair Al-Din

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aug, Tuuli

    2006-01-01

    Seoses Aleksandr Litvinenko mürgitamisega Londonis kuulati Venemaal üle ärimees Andrei Lugovoi. Saksa uurijad on veendunud, et polooniumi tõi Moskvast Saksamaale Dmitri Kovtun. Vene uurijad kavatsevad mõningatel andmetel Suurbritannias üle kuulata Boriss Berezovski ja Ahmed Zakajevi. Lisa: Polooniumijälg kui buldooserivagu

  20. "Siin ongi viga..." : [luuletused] / Johanna Venho ; tõlkinud Tuuli Seinberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Venho, Johanna, 1971-

    2004-01-01

    Sisu: "Siin ongi viga..." ; "Oled alati lähedal..." ; "Mina ütlen! Iga silm on peegel..." ; "Olen siin kõige meelevallas..." ; "Hõljun une piiril..." ; "Mille najal, ma ei tea..." ; Hommik ; Vanne ; Uudis ; Mis nüüd? ; "Viivitan oma sündimisega..." ; "Lähen sealt üle, kus silda ei ole..." ; "Mina, kes kardan kõike, mis tuleb lähedale..." ; (Conceptio artis) ; "Kuna süda läks pahaks..." ; "Kaardil on siiski üks koht, mida sa ei..." ; "Süda hõõgub läbi seljatoe, ta istub..." ; "Kes selles suvilas elab?..." ; "Nõlvakul, vahtrasalus asuv suvila..." ; "Tal on raske kõndida mööda peateed..." ; "Jäid konksu otsa, paks luts, marjakotid kõhukoopas..." ; "Selles naises on värske valmidus..." ; (Siin praegu) ; Sisemaalaul ; "N' i viimane kiri..." ; "Kuidas sa räägid sellest..." ; (Järelsõna). Eluloolisi andmeid autori kohta lk. 279

  1. Ivari Padar : veel neli aastat plastiliinist valitsust oleks Eestile kurnav / Ivari Padar ; interv. Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Padar, Ivari, 1965-

    2007-01-01

    Parlamendivalimiste eel vastab Sotsiaaldemokraatliku Erakonna esimees küsimustele, mis puudutavad erakonna valitsusse saamise võimalusi ning valitsuse moodustamist, partei lubadusi, haridusprobleeme, tulumaksu, kodanikuühiskonda, Tõnismäel asuvat pronkssõdurit, suhtumist Reformierakonda, Keskerakonda, Rahvaliitu ja presidenti. Ivari Padar mainib president Toomas Hendrik Ilvese sotsiaaldemokraatlikku tausta ja presidendi kohustust sekkuda, kui Eesti riiklust valitseb mingi oht. Lisad: 3 mõtet; 3 küsimust

  2. Eesti räpane sisepoliitika võtab Gaudeamuselt ühe salmi / Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2006-01-01

    Nördimust presidendivalimiste ja poliitikas toimuva suhtes näitab Tallinna Ülikool õppeaasta pidulikul avaaktusel sellega, et jätab riigile tänu avaldava salmi Gaudeamusest laulmata. Selgitab rektor Rein Raud. Lisa: Ärajääv salm. Foto allkiri: President Arnold Rüütel pani ametiraha Tallinna Ülikooli värske rektori Rein Raua kaela tänavu 15. mail

  3. NATO "röövib" Eestilt kogu jõueliidi / Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2008-01-01

    Bukarestis toimuvatel NATO tippkohtumisega seotud üritustel esindavad Eestit president Toomas Hendrik Ilves, peaminister Andrus Ansip, välisminister Urmas Paet, kaitseminister Jaak Aaviksoo ja kaitseväe juhataja kindralmajor Ants Laaneots. Poliitikute päevakavast. President T. H. Ilves esineb NATO temaatikaga tegelevate noorteorganisatsioonide esindajate konverentsil ning mõttekoja German Marshall Fund korraldataval konverentsil "The Bucharest Conference". Vabariigi President töövisiidil Bukarestis 1.-3.04.2008

  4. Kadriorg ostis 115 500 krooni eest president Rüütli raamatuid / Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2006-01-01

    Vt. ka Postimees : na russkom jazõke 14. juuni lk. 4. Presidendi kantselei on ostnud 500 president Arnold Rüütli seniseid ametiaastaid kajastava raamatut "Eesti Vabariigi President Arnold Rüütel", mille algtiraazh on 850 eksemplari, makstes nende eest üle saja tuhande krooni. Vt. samas: Väljavõtteid president Rüütli elulooraamatust

  5. Riigikogu palk kerkib oodatust vähem / Tuuli Koch, Kaire Uusen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2009-01-01

    Kõrgete riigiametnike sissetulekud kujunevad oodatust väiksemaks, ainsana kasvab tulu jätkuvas tempos riigikogu eripensionäridel. Diagramm: Kõrgete riigiametnike palgatõus pidurdub. President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese palk 2008. a. oli 85 890 krooni, 2009. a. märtsist on see 103 068 krooni

  6. Raudtee uus tegevjuht lubab pikki ronge ja rohkem tonne / Earl Currie ; interv. Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Currie, Earl

    2001-01-01

    Eesti Raudtee juhatuse esimees Earl Currie raudtee eelmise juhtkonna tegutsemisest, uue juhtkonna seisukohast läbirääkimistel ametiühingutega muutustest ER-i juhtimises, olulisematest investeeringutest jm. Earl Currie eluloost. Vt. samas "Rask näeb Savisaare avalduses kommunismi"

  7. EKA - suur tükk ajab suu lõhki / Tuuli Jõesaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jõesaar, Tuuli

    2011-01-01

    Eesti Kunstiakadeemia uue hoone arhitektuurikonkursi võidutöö "Art Plaza" projekti muutmisest. Kadunud on korruseid läbinud avatud aatrium. Uuenenud plaanid ei ole veel EKA nõukogu ette jõudnud. Projektis saab muudatusi teha töö autor (Taani bürood SEA ja Effekt koos AET Arhitektide ja Allianss Arhitektidega) koostöös dekaanide, õppejõudude ja tehniliste ekspertidega. Lisandunud on tudengite algatusrühm

  8. Sõjaraamatu hävitamisel on seos Eestiga / Hendrik Vosman, Tuuli Koch ; kommenteerinud Jaak Aaviksoo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vosman, Hendrik

    2011-01-01

    Suurbritannia ajakirjaniku Toby Harndeni Afganistani sõda käsitlevast raamatust "Dead Men Risen: The Welsh Guards and the Real Story of Britain's War in Afganistan" ("Ülestõusnud surnud: Walesi kaardivägi ja tegelik lugu brittide sõjast Afganistanis"). Briti kaitseministeerium lükkab ümber Harndeni väite raamatu ümber puhkenud skandaali poliitilisest tagamaast, autori arvates kartis kaitseministeerium, et raamatus leiduv info võiks Eestit ärritada

  9. Näiliselt leppinud partnerid ootavad kiiresti uut ministrit / Tuuli Koch, Mirko Ojakivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2005-01-01

    Järgmiseks määravaks sammuks valitsuskoalitsiooni püsimise suhtes võib kujuneda uue välisministri kandidaadi nimetamine. Lisa: Ansip jäi oma seisukoha juurde. Vt. samas: Võitlus Meelis Atoneni ja Andrus Ansipi vahel; lühiintervjuud peaminister Juhan Partsiga

  10. Pronkssõduri lahing jõuab vahefinišisse / Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2007-01-01

    Keelatud rajatise kõrvaldamise seaduse eelnõu menetlemisest Riigikogus. President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese hinnagul on eelnõu praeguses tekstis märgata vastuolu põhiseadusega. Parlamendiliikmete arvamusi

  11. Rüütlit saadab Hiinas hiigelvõlgades firma juht / Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli, 1978-

    2005-01-01

    President Arnold Rüütli 23. augustil alanud Hiina-visiidi ärimeeste delegatsiooni juhib AS-i Olexela Oil üks omanikest Juhan Kolk, kelle firmal on riigi ees ligi 40 miljoni krooni suurune maksuvõlg. Lisa: President Rüütel Hiinas. Riigivisiit Hiina Rahvavabariiki 23.-30.08.2005

  12. Andrus Ansip seadis Tallinna-Tartu maantee riigi prioriteetide hulka / Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli, 1978-

    2006-01-01

    Peaminister Andrus Ansip sõnas Riigikogu infotunnis, et Tallinn-Tartu maantee on olnud riigi jaoks prioriteet ning aastani 2013 Euroopa Liidu struktuurifondidest Eestile laekuvast 52 miljardist kroonist on riigil kavas Tartu maanteesse investeerida 4,5 miljardit krooni

  13. Partsi otsus Langi kohta määrab valitsuse saatuse / Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2005-01-01

    Peaministri otsus, kas esitada Rein Lang välisministri kandidaadiks või mitte, osutub valitsuskriisi võtmeküsimuseks. Peaminister peab vajalikuks veel kord kandidaadiga kohtuda. Vt. samas lühiintervjuud Rein Langiga. Kommenteerivad politoloog Kaido Jaanson, MK Estonija peatoimetaja Pavel Ivanov ja Euroopa Parlamendi liige Marianne Mikko

  14. Vene keele trump on Ida-Viru valimisvõitluses rolli kaotamas / Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 22. veebr. lk. 4. Vaatluse all on Lääne-Virumaa ja Ida-Virumaa kandidaadid parlamendivalimistel. Lisa: Ringkond nr. 6; Ringkond nr. 7. Vt samas: Spiiker ja endine miss hääli püüdmas

  15. Staaride värbamine läänelik veidrus / Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2004-01-01

    Modell Carmen Kass astus Res Publica noorteühenduse Juventus liikmeks. Politoloogid ja Res Publica võimupartnerid näevad staaride kaasamises europarlamendi valimiskampaaniasse lääneliku poliitika veidruste ülevõtmist

  16. Je fais crise d’angoisse sur crise d’angoisse, de pire en pire : comment intensifier la peur dans le discours sur la « fin du monde »

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Małgorzata Niziołek

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyses the comments of internet users related to the news about the end of the world on the 21st of December, 2012. We consider which linguistic constructions allow fear to intensify. We indicate a semantic model of intensification which corresponds to the causative construction: Si Intens causes Si intens [very p (quality / condition] causes [very q (act / new condition], constituting the basis for the linguistic expression of fear. Because the end of the world is an unimaginable event, it causes fear – a primary and universal emotion. Surfers exploit various (formal, lexical, graphic, etc. procedures which provide an opportunity for the feelings of fear to intensify. The intensification of the cause (approaching end of the world provokes an intensification of the consequence (feeling of fear. The analysis is part of the work of the research group DiSEM (Discourse Semantics Inference composed of researchers from the Pedagogical University of Cracow.

  17. PEMURNIAN, IDENTIFIKASI DAN UJI AKTIVITAS ANTIDIABETES SENYAWA METABOLIT SEKUNDER EKSTRAK ETIL ASETAT DAUN KACA PIRING (Gardenia augusta, Merr

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chasani Mochamad

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} Gardenia augusta, Merr is one of the family Rubiaceae species used as traditional medicine because it has medicinal properties, such as drug diabetes mellitus. These research have been done on this plant, among others, is the ability of the extract  and  the active fraction ethyl acetate extract of Gardenia augusta, Merr leaves to lowering blood sugar levels of rats.  The purpose of this research was to purification of the active fraction of the ethyl acetate extract and identify the secondary metabolites of Gardenia augusta, Merr leaves as well as test that can be used antidiabetic. Purification was done by column chromatography which was eluted with n-hexane: ethyl acetate (7:1 and obtained four groups of fractions.  The fractions of the TLC to obtain pure isolates F2 fraction with melting point 158-160 ° C. The antidiabetic activity of the isolate F2 fractions were tested into white rats by glucose tolerance methods. Isolate F2 fraction was identified by using UV and  IR spectrophotometer.  The results showed that isolate F2 fraction of ethyl acetate extract of Gardenia augusta, Merr leaves has a hypoglycemic effect of 21.05%. The secondary metabolites test showed a positive result for steroids. Analysis using UV spectrophotometer showed the electronic transition n → л * and transition л → л *. Analysis using IR spectrophotometric showed functional groups OH, C = O, CO, aliphatic C-H, C = C, C-C, CH3  symmetric and C-H outside the field.   Key word: Gardenia augusta, Merr,  diabetes mellitus,  steroids

  18. Pengaruh Suhu Terhadap Tegangan Permukaan Sabun Cuci Piring Cair Buatan Sendiri, Sunlight, Dan S.O.S

    OpenAIRE

    Siahaan, Okio Patar

    2011-01-01

    The effect of temperature on the surface tension of homemade liquid dish soap, Sunlight, and SOS was carried out. The temperatures was variated 280C(without heating), 300C, 400C and 500C. The homemade liquid dish soap was prepared by using an active ingredients. The active ingredient of the liquid dishwashing soap were sodium lauryl ether sulphate, sodium alkyl benzene sulfonate, and sodium lauril ether sulfate, respectively. The determination of surface tension was based the increasing of t...

  19. Contribution of cooperative sector recycling to greenhouse gas emissions reduction: A case study of Ribeirão Pires, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    King, Megan F.; Gutberlet, Jutta

    2013-01-01

    Highlights: • Cooperative recycling achieves environmental, economic and social objectives. • We calculate GHG emissions reduction for a recycling cooperative in São Paulo, Brazil. • The cooperative merits consideration as a Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) project. • A CDM project would enhance the achievements of the recycling cooperative. • National and local waste management policies support the recycling cooperative. - Abstract: Solid waste, including municipal waste and its management, is a major challenge for most cities and among the key contributors to climate change. Greenhouse gas emissions can be reduced through recovery and recycling of resources from the municipal solid waste stream. In São Paulo, Brazil, recycling cooperatives play a crucial role in providing recycling services including collection, separation, cleaning, stocking, and sale of recyclable resources. The present research attempts to measure the greenhouse gas emission reductions achieved by the recycling cooperative Cooperpires, as well as highlight its socioeconomic benefits. Methods include participant observation, structured interviews, questionnaire application, and greenhouse gas accounting of recycling using a Clean Development Mechanism methodology. The results show that recycling cooperatives can achieve important energy savings and reductions in greenhouse gas emissions, and suggest there is an opportunity for Cooperpires and other similar recycling groups to participate in the carbon credit market. Based on these findings, the authors created a simple greenhouse gas accounting calculator for recyclers to estimate their emissions reductions

  20. Contribution of cooperative sector recycling to greenhouse gas emissions reduction: A case study of Ribeirão Pires, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    King, Megan F., E-mail: mfking@uvic.ca [The Community-Based Research Laboratory, Department of Geography, University of Victoria, PO Box 3060 STN CSC, Victoria, BC V8W 3R4 (Canada); Gutberlet, Jutta, E-mail: gutber@uvic.ca [Department of Geography, University of Victoria, PO Box 3060 STN CSC, Victoria, BC V8W 3R4 (Canada)

    2013-12-15

    Highlights: • Cooperative recycling achieves environmental, economic and social objectives. • We calculate GHG emissions reduction for a recycling cooperative in São Paulo, Brazil. • The cooperative merits consideration as a Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) project. • A CDM project would enhance the achievements of the recycling cooperative. • National and local waste management policies support the recycling cooperative. - Abstract: Solid waste, including municipal waste and its management, is a major challenge for most cities and among the key contributors to climate change. Greenhouse gas emissions can be reduced through recovery and recycling of resources from the municipal solid waste stream. In São Paulo, Brazil, recycling cooperatives play a crucial role in providing recycling services including collection, separation, cleaning, stocking, and sale of recyclable resources. The present research attempts to measure the greenhouse gas emission reductions achieved by the recycling cooperative Cooperpires, as well as highlight its socioeconomic benefits. Methods include participant observation, structured interviews, questionnaire application, and greenhouse gas accounting of recycling using a Clean Development Mechanism methodology. The results show that recycling cooperatives can achieve important energy savings and reductions in greenhouse gas emissions, and suggest there is an opportunity for Cooperpires and other similar recycling groups to participate in the carbon credit market. Based on these findings, the authors created a simple greenhouse gas accounting calculator for recyclers to estimate their emissions reductions.

  1. Res Publica jäi järjekordselt ilma mitmest nimekast liikmest / Tuuli Koch, Kärt Anvelt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2005-01-01

    Oma lahkumiset Res Publicast teatasid erakonna esimene esimees Rein Taagepera, tema abikaasa Mare Taagepera, akadeemik Jaan Einasto ja 2002. aastal erakonna esimeheks kandideerinud Lauri Aaspõllu. Rein Taagepera põhjendas otsust Res Publica liikumisega paremtsentrist paremäärmusse. Lisa: Tuntud inimesi, kes seni Res Publicast lahkunud. Vt. samas lühiintervjuud Jaan Einastoga: Res Publica peab tegema koostööd

  2. Poliitikute soodsad majaostud jätavad jõuministrid külmaks / Tuuli Koch, Priit Rajalo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2005-01-01

    Peaminister Andrus Ansipi ja justiitsministri Rein Langi suhtumisest majandusminister Edgar Savisaare Keila-Joa krundi ostusse. 500 000 krooni eest ostis kinnistu Keila-Joal ka ärimees Raimo Kägule kuuluv firma OÜ Marriot. Lisa: Savisaare küsitavad tehingud. Vt. samas: Politseimaja rent toob Oliver Kruudale miljoneid. Kommenteerib ASi Kalev Real Estate Company nõukogu liige Oliver Kruuda

  3. Krediidiasutuse kohustused rahapesu tõkestamisel : [bakalaureusetöö] / Tuuli Tõnsau ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja Anna Markina

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tõnsau, Tuuli

    2010-01-01

    Rahapesu olemusest ja kujunemisest, olukorrast Eestis, regulatsioonist Eesti ja Euroopa Liidu õiguses, krediidiasutuste kohustustest ja vastutusest, pangasaladusest. Vastanduvatest kohustustest - rahapesu tõkestamisest ja pangasaladuse kaitsest

  4. Eurohääletus lõppes tulemusega 67 : 33 liitumise toetajate kasuks / Jaanus Piirsalu, Kai Kalamees, Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Piirsalu, Jaanus, 1973-

    2003-01-01

    President Arnold Rüütli, peaminister Juhan Partsi ja Riigikogu esimehe Ene Ergma ühisavaldusest pärast euroreferendumi tulemuse selgumist. Riigikogu liige Peeter Kreitzberg ei pea võimalikuks Keskerakonnas jätkamist, kui erakond peaks juhatuse tasemel end vastandama EL-ile. Euroskeptikud peavad referendumit skeptikutele edukaks

  5. Edgar Savisaar : pronkssõduri tüli õhutavad poliitilised äpud / Edgar Savisaar ; interv. Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Savisaar, Edgar, 1950-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 8. juuni lk. 5. Majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniminister Edgar Savisaar leiab, et pronkssõduri äraviimine Tõnismäelt vaid teravdaks probleeme vene kogukonnaga. Kommenteerivad: peaminister Andrus Asnip ja keskkonnaminister Villu Reiljan

  6. Edgar Savisaar : poliitilistel kolleegidel läheb tarvis rohkem paksu nahka / Edgar Savisaar ; interv. Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Savisaar, Edgar, 1950-

    2007-01-01

    Keskerakonna esimees vastab enne Riigikogu valimisi küsimustele, mis puudutavad valimisvõitlust, valitsuse moodustamist, peaministriks olemist, hinnangut peaminister Andrus Ansipile, koostööd Reformierakonna ja Rahvaliiduga, Keskerakonna valimislubadusi ja -programmi ning uusliikmeid, teiste parteide poliitikat. Lisa: Keskerakonna valimislubadusi; 3 küsimust

  7. Tervishoiu päästmiseks tuleb kehtestada täiendavad maksud / Jarno Habicht ; intervjueerinud Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Habicht, Jarno, 1976-

    2009-01-01

    Maailma Terviseorganisatsiooni Eesti esindaja Jarno Habicht vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad tervishoiu seisu Eestis, suuremaid probleeme tervishoiuvaldkonnas, perearstide rolli tähtsuse suurendamist, raviteenuse kvaliteedi säilitamist, tervishoiu jätkusuutlikkust, ravikindlustuse tulubaasi suurendamist, väikehaiglate säilitamist ning sotsiaalse kriisini jõudmist

  8. John Kjaer : Nõukogude Liitu ja euroliitu seob vaid sõna "liit" / John Kjaer ; interv. Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kjaer, John

    2003-01-01

    Euroopa Komisjoni delegatsiooni juht Eestis John Kjaer vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad Edgar Savisaare kõnet Keskerakonna kongressil, kus ta võrdles NSV Liitu Euroopa Liiduga; peamisi erinevusi EL-i ja totalitaarriigi vahel, otsuste langetamise põhimõtteid EL-is

  9. Tühjast tihedusest : Liivaoja elamukvartal Kadriorus = Empty Density : Liivaoja Residential Area in Kadriorg, Tallinn / Tuuli Köller

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Köller, Tuuli

    2007-01-01

    Planeering: K-Projekt. Arhitektid: Emil Urbeli Arhitektibüroo, M. Pressi Arhitektuuribüroo. Pikemalt majadevahelisse ruumi sisse programmeeritud tegevusetusest. Projekt: 2005, valmis: 2006-2007. 6 värv. vaadet

  10. Gaasitoru rajaja Nord Stream : jätkame läbirääkimisi Soomega / Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2007-01-01

    Eesti valitsuse otsus mitte anda Nord Streamile uurimisluba tekitas Soome keskkonnaametnikes pahameelt. Nord Stream AG esindaja Jens D. Mülleri sõnul jätkatakse torujuhtme projekti. Välispoliitika Instituudi direktori Andres Kasekampi arvates laskis Eesti käest kaasarääkimise õiguse

  11. New insights on the subsidence of the Ganges-Brahmaputra Delta Plain by using 2D multichannel seismic data, gravity and flexural modeling, BanglaPIRE Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grall, C.; Pickering, J.; Steckler, M. S.; Spiess, V.; Seeber, L.; Paola, C.; Goodbred, S. L., Jr.; Palamenghi, L.; Schwenk, T.

    2015-12-01

    Deltas can subside very fast, yet many deltas remain emergent over geologic time. A large sediment input is often enough to compensate for subsidence and rising sea level to keep many deltas at sea level. This implies a balance between subsidence and sedimentation, both of which may, however, be controlled by independent factors such as sediment supply, tectonic loads and sea-level change. We here examine the subsidence of the Ganges-Brahmaputra Delta (GBD). Located in the NE boundary of the Indian-Eurasian collision zone, the GBD is surrounded by active uplifts (Indo-Burma Fold Belt and the Shillong Massif). The pattern of subsidence from these tectonic loads can strongly vary depending on both loads and lithospheric flexural rigidity, both of which can vary in space and time. Sediment cover changes both the lithostatic pressure and the thermal properties and thus the rigidity of the lithosphere. While sediments are deposited cold, they also insulate the lithosphere, acting as a thermal blanket to increase lower crustal temperatures. These effects are a function of sedimentation rates and may be more important where the lithosphere is thin. At the massive GBD the impact of sedimentation should be considered for properly constraining flexural subsidence. The flexural rigidity of the lithosphere is here modeled by using a yield-stress envelope based on a thermomechanic model that includes geothermal changes associated with sedimentation. Models are constrained by using two different data sets, multichannel seismic data correlated to borehole stratigraphy, and gravity data. This approach allows us to determine the Holocene regional distribution of subsidence from the Hinge Zone to the Bengal Fan and the mass-anomalies associated with the flexural loading. Different end-member scenarios are explored for reproducing the observed land tilting and gravity anomalies. For all scenarios considered, data can be reproduced only if we consider an extremely weak lithosphere and we will quantify the extent that this weakness is influenced by the extreme sediment thickness of the delta. While the distribution of the present-day subsidence suggests that sediment compaction plays a major role on the current subsidence over the delta, its role over a geological time frame is probably minor.

  12. Millest unistad ja kelleks tahad saada, ilus poiss? / Kati Murutar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Murutar, Kati, 1967-

    2008-01-01

    Rene Vilbre noortefilm "Mina olin siin", mille aluseks on Sass Henno romaan "Mina olin siin. Esimene arest" : osades Rasmus Kaljujärv, Hele Kõre, Tambet Tuisk, Jaan Rekkor : Amrion Productions - Helsinki-filmi OY

  13. Eesti reklaamfilm Ameerikas esimene

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Andrus Tuisu reklaamiklipp "Vigur krõps - kirik" võitis reklaamfilmide festivalil "The Mobius Advertising Awards 1998" Chicagos esimese koha : Idee autor reklaamiagentuur Kontuur Leo Burnett : Stuudio Manfred Tuisk

  14. Sussides mees tõi auhinna Eestisse / Tarmo Michelson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Michelson, Tarmo, 1975-

    2001-01-01

    Eesti reklaamibüroo Teamart Promotion idee põhjal Tuisk Film Productioni poolt toodetud Eesti Loto reklaamiklipp "Sünd" võitis ülemaailmsel lotoorganisatsioonide konverentsil New Mexico osariigis Albuquerques reklaamfilmide imago-kategoorias peapreemia

  15. Noor näitleja otsib rollides ennast / Marika Rajamäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rajamäe, Marika

    2006-01-01

    Tantsuõpetaja Helmi Tohvelmani nimelise liikuvaima näitleja preemia võttis vastu näitleja Tambet Tuisk, Järvamaa maakooli edukaima õpilase preemia aga Annely Tank, kes õpib Koigi Põhikooli 9. klassis

  16. Fassaadi viimistlusvead kinni nii teadmatuses kui ka hoolimatuses / Eneken Laasme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasme, Eneken

    2006-01-01

    Viimistlusvigade tagajärjeks on hoone konstruktiivse osa lagunemine ning sise- ja välisseinte hallitus. Kommenteerivad SIA Caparol Baltica Eesti filiaali juhataja Jaan Vikat ja Heiki Tuisk OÜ Värvikeskuste Grupist

  17. Laevaomaniku piiratud vastutus rahvusvahelises mereõiguses : [bakalaureusetöö] / Tuuli Mizer ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Heiki Lindpere

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mizer, Tuuli

    1996-01-01

    Laevaomaniku vastutuse piiramise reeglite rahvusvahelis-õiguslik ühtlustamine (1924. a. Brüsseli, 1957. a. Brüsseli ja 1976. a. konventsioonid); laevaomaniku piiratud vastutus üksikute riikide mereseadustes (Rootsi, Soome, Eesti)

  18. Excavations on the Hill Forts of South-East Estonia: Kureküla, Kõõru and Kuigatsi / Heiki Valk, Anti Lillak, Allar Haav, Tuuli Kurisoo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2013-01-01

    Kuremäe linnamäe näol on tõenäoliselt tegemist vaid ajutiselt kasutusel olnud või lõpetamata jäänud linnusega. Savinõukillud ja väikesemahulised kaitseehitised lubavad arvata, et linnus kuulub I aastatuhande teise poolde. Kuigatsi linnamäel võib keraamika põhjal eristada kaht kasutusetappi: rooma rauaaeg ja viikingiaeg. Eriliseks leiuks on rooma rauaaegne pronksisulatuskoht

  19. Maarjamäe - keerulise elu lihtsad lahendused = Maarjamäe - Simple Solutions to Complicated Life / Tuuli Köller

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Köller, Tuuli

    2005-01-01

    Kuus 12 korteriga elamut Pähkli tänaval. Projekteerija: Arhitektuuribüroo JVR. Autorid Kalle Vellevoog, Velle Kadalipp. Konstruktor Mart Kooser. Projekt: 2004, valmis: 2005. 12 korteriga elamud Sarapuu tänaval. Projekteerija: Arhitektid Muru & Pere. Autorid Urmas Muru ja Peeter Pere. Konstruktor: Kuupmeeter OÜ. Projekt: 2003, valmis: 2004-2005. Maarjamäe elamurajoonist. Ill.: asendiplaan 5 korruste plaani, 6 värv. välisvaadet

  20. Arnold Rüütel: Eesti riigipead peaks valima rahvas või valijamehed / Arnold Rüütel ; intervjueerinud Tuuli Koch, Ingvar Bärenklau

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rüütel, Arnold, 1928-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke (2006) 14. sept., lk. 4-5; Virumaa Teataja (2006) 20. sept., lk. 6, pealk.: Arnold Rüütel presidendivalimisi Riigikogule ei usaldaks, lüh. President Arnold Rüütel pooldab presidendi otsevalimist või ilma Riigikogu vooruta kohe valimiskogus, tutvustab oma valimisplatvormi, räägib oma tervisest ja presidendiametist. Vt. samas: Rüütel: üks aasta selles neetud keskkomitee sekretäri ametis

  1. Rahvusvahelise terrorismi defineerimine ÜRO raames : [bakalaureusetöö] / Tuuli Pärnsalu ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Kristi Land

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pärnsalu, Tuuli

    2003-01-01

    Rahvusvahelise terrorismi defineerimise tähtsus, inimõiguste kaitse, riikidevaheline koostöö terrorismi definitsiooni otsingutel, definitsiooni elemendid, riigiterrorismi kontseptsioon, riikidevahelise terrorismiga seotud vaidluste lahendamine ÜRO raames

  2. Justiitsminister Langi umbusaldamine kogub hoogu / Tuuli Koch; kommenteerinud Andrus Ansip, AIn Seppik, Valdur Lahtvee, Karel Rüütli, Andres Herkel, Sven Mikser

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2009-01-01

    Reformierakonna valitsuspartner IRL ja opositsioon ei mõista justiitsminister Rein Langi otsust ajutise siseministrina kustutada küberrünnakuga seotud Sergei Markovi nimi Schengeni mustast nimekirjast

  3. IntenCities : interdistsiplinaarne installatsioon : ArtGenda 2000, Helsinki = IntenCities : Multidisciplinary Installation Project @ ArtGenda 2000, Helsinki

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    Projekteerija arhitektuuribüroo Ocean North (Kivi Sotamaa, Lasse Wager, Stephane Valcroze, Toni Kauppila, Tuuli Sotamaa, Michael Hensel). Meediakunst - Juha Fiilin, maalid - Janne Räisänen, graafiline kujundus - Klaus Haapaniemi, tantsuetendus - Gruppen Fyra. 5 ill

  4. Kunstiõpetajad hakkavad loomelaagrit pidama / Helgi Pajo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pajo, Helgi

    2001-01-01

    15.-18. augustini Toolsel toimuvas kunstiõpetajate laagris tehakse keraamika maapõletust Kille Kruuvi, maakunsti Anne Kokkovi, õlimaali Tuuli Juksi ja looduslikku skulptuuri Eda Errase juhendamisel

  5. Tallinn Fashion Week algas moeillustraatorite näitusega

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Näitus "Uus Põhjamaade moeillustratsioon" Rotermanni kvartalis 18. sept.-ni. Osalejad Eestist, Soomest ja Rootsist loetletud. Näituse kujundaja Tuuli Aule. Väljapaneku loovjuhi Toomas Volkmanni selgitus. Tallinn Fashion Week'i põhiprogrammist

  6. Maailm on surnud, elagu linnilm! / Regina Viljasaar ; tõlk. Epp Aareleid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Viljasaar, Regina

    2006-01-01

    2006. a. Veneetsia arhitektuuribiennaalist "Linnad, arhitektuur ja ühiskond". Tuuli Köller Eesti ekspositsioonist "Joint Space". Lilia del Rio Hispaania, Venetsueela ja Tšiili paviljonidest. 11 ill

  7. Eelmine aasta andis palju häid uusehitisi / Heli Salong

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Salong, Heli, 1958-

    2003-01-01

    Analüüsitakse Kuressaares aasta jooksul valminud ehitusi, sisekujundust ja reklaamisilte. Parimateks tunnistas žürii koosseisus Lilian Hansar, Urmas Sepp, Endla Tuutma, Vello Liiv, Ainar Viires, Tuuli Org, Terje Truumaa, Sulev Vahtre, Urmas Arike ja Rita Tamm ärihoone Ferrumi (Arhitektuuribüroo Alver Trummal Arhitektid), Kohvik-Veski laienduse (projekt Tuuli Org), eramu Tulika 5 (projekt Kiira Soosaar), pansionaadi Uus-Roomassaare 5 ruumikujunduse (kujundaja Vello Liiv) ja raamatukogu infokeskuse reklaamisildi (kujundaja AB Studio 3)

  8. Korteriomanditeks jagatud kinnisasja kaasomandi eseme ainukasutusse andmine ja kasutuse reguleerimine korteriühistutes parkimise korraldamise näitel : magistritöö / Tuuli Arvi ; juhendaja Kaupo Paal ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond, eraõiguse

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Arvi, Tuuli

    2018-01-01

    Korteriomandi kaasomandi eseme kasutamise regulatsiooni piiritlemisest teistest sarnastest regulatsioonidest. Korteriomandi kaasomandi eseme ainukasutusse andmisest ja selle reguleerimisest kehtivas Eesti õiguses. Kehtiva õiguse muutmise vajadusest ja võimalustest

  9. Mina olin siin. Kus siis täpselt? / Donald Tomberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tomberg, Donald

    2008-01-01

    Rene Vilbre noortefilm "Mina olin siin", mille aluseks on Sass Henno romaan "Mina olin siin. Esimene arest", osades Rasmus Kaljujärv, Hele Kõre, Tambet Tuisk, Jaan Rekkor : Amrion Productions - Helsinki-filmi OY. Artikli lõpus R. Vilbre filmograafia

  10. Eesti film jõudis taas nimekale festivalile / Tiit Tuumalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuumalu, Tiit, 1971-

    2008-01-01

    Karlovy Vary filmifestivalil esilinastub Rene Vilbre noortefilm "Mina olin siin", mille aluseks on Sass Henno romaan "Mina olin siin. Esimene arest", stsenaariumi kirjutas Ilmar Raag. Film võistleb võistlusprogrammis "East of the West". Esitlema sõidavad R. Vilbre, R. Sildos, R. Kaljujärv, T. Tuisk

  11. "Mina olin siin" esilinastub Karlovy Varys

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Karlovy Vary filmifestivalil esilinastub Rene Vilbre noortefilm "Mina olin siin", mille aluseks on Sass Henno romaan "Mina olin siin. Esimene arest", stsenaariumi kirjutas Ilmar Raag. Film võistleb võistlusprogrammis "East of the West". Esitlema sõidavad R. Vilbre, R. Sildos, R. Kaljujärv, T. Tuisk

  12. "Polli päevikud" ei vaimusta kriitikuid / Kaarel Kressa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kressa, Kaarel, 1983-

    2010-01-01

    Eestlaste kaasosalusel vändatud režissöör Chris Krausi filmi "Polli päevikud" vastuvõtust Toronto rahvusvahelisel filmifestivalil. Kriitik Dan Fainaru arvamusest. Suurem osa "Polli päevikutest" filmiti 2009. a. suvel Pärnumaal Varbla vallas. Meespeaosalist kehastab Tambet Tuisk

  13. Teated

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Kontserdid TÜ aulas: Tartu Ülikooli kammerkoori kevadkontsert 16. märtsil, pianist Peep Lassmann 18. märtsil (kavas: Sumera "Pala aastast 1981", Liszt-Rossini "Stabat Mater", Liszt-Verdi "Rigoletto parafraas", Liszt "Tuisk" ja "Hispaania rapsoodia"), saksofonikvartett Sax-Est 19. märtsil, kontsert "Richard Ritsing - 105" 28. märtsil

  14. Kasvukeskkond ja andekus / Marika Veisson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veisson, Marika, 1949-

    2001-01-01

    Imikute ja väikelastega läbi viidud longituuduuringu eesmärgiks oli välja selgitada kasvukeskkonna faktorite mõju väikelapse intellekti arengule. Töös osalesid professorid M. Vikat, V. Kolga, teadur A. Vikat, doktor E. Tomberg, magistrandid M. Laane, K. Nugin ja I. Tuisk ning V. Vallner ja A. Veber

  15. Kuressaare aasta ehitis on Veeteede Ameti büroohoone

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    2003. aasta Kuressaare parim ehitis, arhitekt Terje Truumaa, kes nimetati aasta parimaks arhitektiks. Parim rekonstrueeritud hoone Eesti Energia AS dispetsherihoone - projekteeris Endla Raime OÜ K&M, parim ruumikujundus - Kuressaare Gümnaasiumi söökla - arhitekt Vello Liiv, parim reklaamisilt zoopoele, kunstnik Anne Olop. Žüriis Toomas Paaver, Endla Tuutma, Vello Liiv, Tuuli Org, Lilian Hansar jt.

  16. Tartu sisustuskevad / Kadi Lehtmets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lehtmets, Kadi

    2008-01-01

    "Deko" esindajad Anu Kaelussoo juhatusel tutvusid Tartu sisustus- ja kunstikauplustega. Püha Antoniuse Gildi meistrikodadest, Epp Mardi ja Tuuli Vahesaare kauplusest "Friida ja Lonni", kauplustest "Ruum", "Abakhan", "Saurus Antiik", "Kunst ja Käsitöö", ateljee- kauplusest "Põnev Pritsimaja", Tuvikese kunstikauplusest, Mustvalgest salongist, Elitaar kunstisalongist jm

  17. Pervaja ledi, Afrika i skeletõ / Marina Mironova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mironova, Marina

    2006-01-01

    Endine põllumajandusminister Ivari Padar loodab, et presidendiks valitud Toomas Hendrik Ilves suudab maaelu arengusse uusi tuuli tuua, presidendi abikaasa Evelin Ilves peab oma edaspidisteks kohustusteks tegelda heategevusega, hoolitseda oma pere eest ning jääda presidendi kõrval tahaplaanile

  18. Abakhan - loominguline olemusklubi / Kati Murutar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Murutar, Kati, 1967-

    2005-01-01

    Abakhan Fabrics Eesti AS kangakauplustest ja ostjatest. Kommenteerivad: finantsdirektor Kristine Stroom, saatejuht Tuuli Roosma, Tartu linnapea Laine Jänes, lauljatar Kadi Toom, klahvpillimängija, laulja ja helilooja Toomas Lunge. K. Stroomi ennast abistab kangaste valikul moedisainer Lee Reinula

  19. Imeasjadest Eesti asjani. Eestimaa muuseumitraditsiooni algus = From little wonders to the Estonian national cause. The beginning of the Estonian museum tradition

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Eesti Ajaloomuuseumi Suurgildi hoones 2009. aasta 5. juunist 29. septembrini toimunud näituse kujundusest. Kujunduse autorid Janno Roos ja Andres Labi (Ruumilabor OÜ), loetletud nende ühiselt tehtud töid. Graafiline disain: Tuuli Aule. Näituse kuraatorid: Inge Laurik-Teder, Mariann Raisma

  20. Näitused / Mari Sobolev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sobolev, Mari, 1968-

    1998-01-01

    Vaal galerii: Ruth Tulving 'Davise liblikad' (maalid); Tartu Kunstimaja: Tuuli Luukas 'Foto/Installatsioon/Näitus'; Rotermanni soolaladu/rõdugalerii: 'Norra arhitektuur 1990. aastatel'; Sammas-galerii: Ilmar Kruusamäe 'Inimene X'; Energeetikamuuseum: Loore Haab&Nina Piilonen.Graafikanäitus

  1. Näitus "Iseolemise tahe. 90 aastat Eesti Vabariiki" = Exhibition "A will to be free. 90 years of the Republic of Estonia"

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Tallinnas Eesti Ajaloomuuseumi Maarjamäe hoones Eesti Vabariigi 90. aastapäevaks avatud näituse kujundusest, mis pälvis Eesti Sisearhitektide Liidu 2008. aasta näituse preemia. Kujunduse autorid Inga Raukas, Eva-Maria Gramakovski ja Oliver Soomets. Graafiline kujundus: Tuuli Aule. Loetletud kujundajate tähtsamaid töid

  2. Pärnu mudaravila restaureerimine ja juurdeehitus = Restoration and extension of the Pärnu mud baths / Tarmo Teedumäe, Paco Ulman, Tüüne-Kristin Vaikla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teedumäe, Tarmo, 1970-

    2015-01-01

    Restaureeritud ja uue juurdeehitusega Pärnu mudaravila Ranna puiestee 1, valminud 2014. Arhitektid Tarmo Teedumäe, Paco Ulman, Inga Raukas, Arhitektuuriagentuur, Allianss Arhitektid. Sisearhitektid Tüüne-Kristin Vaikla, Urmo Vaikla, Tuuli Trei, Margit Teikari (Vaikla Stuudio). 2014. aasta Kultuurkapitali Arhitektuuripreemia kandidaat

  3. Muretsemise mõjust kirjandusretseptsioonile / Meelis Oidsalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oidsalu, Meelis, 1978-

    2010-01-01

    2000-ndate eesti kirjanduse diskussioonist (ilmus peamiselt ajakirjas Looming). Ka Mihkel Kunnuse arvustusest "Tragöödia sünd heaolu talumatust ebaheroilisusest", Sirp, 17. sept., mis käsitles Tuuli Tauli luulekogu "Täiuslik ja turvaline"

  4. Международный эксамен по английскому языку - в Нарве

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Tallinna Ülikooli keelekeskuse juhataja Tuuli Oder ja Tartu Ülikooli Narva kolledži direktor Katri Raik allkirjastasid 14. detsembril Narvas koostöölepingu, mille raames avatakse kolledži juures rahvusvahelise inglise keele eksami info- ja testimiskeskus ning Narvas on võimalik sooritada IELTS (International English Language Testing System) eksamit

  5. Rahvusvaheline inglise keele eksam Narvas / Alisa Lanno

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lanno, Alisa

    2011-01-01

    14. detsembril tutvustasid Tallinna Ülikooli keelekeskuse juhataja Tuuli Oder ja Tartu Ülikooli Narva kolledži direktor Katri Raik koostööprojekti, mille käigus avatakse kolledži juures rahvusvahelise inglise keele eksami info- ja testimiskeskus. Esialgu on Narvas võimalik sooritada IELTS (International English Language Testing System) eksamit

  6. Idee ja teostuse vahel, kvaliteeti otsimas / Anneliis Aunapuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aunapuu, Anneliis

    2009-01-01

    Tallinna 5. rakenduskunsti triennaali "Know How" peaväljapanek Eesti Tarbekunsti- ja Disainimuuseumis 21. veebruarini 2010. Kujunduse autorid Ott Kadarik ja Tuuli Aule. Lühidalt Pavel Sidorenko ja lätlase Rihards Funtsi töödest

  7. Tallinna ülikoolil on 16 uut doktorit

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Aasta jooksul on Tallinna Ülikoolis doktorikraadi kaitsnud 16 inimest. Humanitaarteaduste doktoriteks promoveeritakse Inna Adamson, Maris Saagpakk, Anne Lange, Julia Tofantšuk, Janis Ešots ja Grigori Utgof; kasvatusteaduste doktoriteks Veronika Nagel, Eve Eisenschmidt, Tuuli Oder, Kristina Nugin, Inga Mutso, Tiina Selke ja Boriss Bazanov; loodusteaduste doktoriks Tiit Maran; ning sotsiaalteaduste doktoriteks Signe Dobelniece ja Marge Unt

  8. Noorte eesti režissööride uued filmid Sõpruses / Mari Peegel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Peegel, Mari, 1978-

    2005-01-01

    Sõpruse kinos esilinastub homme kaks eesti lühimängufilmi - "Vanameeste paradiis" : stsenaristid Ove Musting, Urmas Lennuk : režissöör Ove Musting : mängivad Tõnu Aav, Aleksander Eelmaa jt ning "Ukse taga" : stsenarist Margit Keerdo : režissöör Andrus Tuisk : osades Hele Kõre, Karin Lätsim, Kirill Käro, Igor Gavrilov

  9. Esilinastuseni jõuab kaks uut Eesti lühimängufilmi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Sõpruse kinos esilinastub homme kaks eesti lühimängufilmi - "Vanameeste paradiis" : stsenaristid Ove Musting, Urmas Lennuk : režissöör Ove Musting : mängivad Tõnu Aav, Aleksander Eelmaa jt ning "Ukse taga" : stsenarist Margit Keerdo : režissöör Andrus Tuisk : osades Hele Kõre, Karin Lätsim, Kirill Käro, Igor Gavrilov

  10. Terrorism, pommid ja pangarööv / Anari Koppel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koppel, Anari

    2008-01-01

    Töös olevad Eesti mängufilmid - "Kid&Killer" (produtsent Piret Tibbo Hudgins, stsenaristid Mart Kivastik, Katrin Laur ja Hannu Salonen, kes ka filmi lavastab), "Külaline" (soome, saksa eesti, inglise koostööfilm, lavastaja Jukka-Pekka Valkeapää, operaator Tuomo Hutri, produtsent Marit Ahven), "Pangarööv" (režissöör Andrus Tuisk, stsenarist Mihkel Ulman, produtsent Manfred Vainokivi)

  11. Ergutavad, lohutavad ja ravivad värvid / Jana Rand

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rand, Jana, 1963-

    2005-01-01

    Altmõisa puhkemaja Läänemaal Tuuru külas. Hoone sisekujunduse on teinud Heli Tuksam, abiks olid kunstnikud Piret Veski ja Tuuli Puhvel ning Tartu Kõrgema Kunstikooli üliõpilased. Toad on kujundatud erinevates värvitoonides. Fuajees on mosaiikpõrand. Kasutatud ökoloogilisi ehitus- ja viimistlusmaterjale. Ill.: välisvaade 7 sisevaadet, värv.

  12. ESL aastapreemia konkurss 2011. Žürii koosoleku protokoll = ESL awards 2011. Minutes of the meeting of the panel of judges = Конкурс на соискание премии ESL за 2011 год. Протокол собрания жюри

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2012-01-01

    Eesti Sisearhitektide Liidu aastapreemia žürii otsustas välja anda ühiskondliku interjööri (Tartu Tervishoiu Kõrgkool), ajaloolise interjööri (Peterburi Jaani kirik), "Väikese ruumi" (Järvamaa turismiinfokeskus), publitsistika (raamat "Tööraamat") ning näituse ja installatsiooni kujunduse (näitus "Pavel Filonov. Vene avangard ja järgnenu ..." Kumu Kunstimuuseumis"") preemia. Tudengipreemia pälvis Tuuli Trei

  13. Soome ametid : gaasitoru mürgitab mere, ohustab laevaliiklust ja Russalka vrakki! / Alo Lõhmus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lõhmus, Alo

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke, 19. sept. 2007, lk. 2. Soome riigiasutuste, looduskaitseorganisatsioonide ja teadusinstitutsioonide spetsialistid andsid Vene-Saksa gaasitorustikku rajava firma Nored Stream küsimustele vastates hävitava hinnangu kavale rajada torustik Läänemeres läbi Soome majandusvööndi, samad probleemid on ka Eesti poolel. Vt. samas: Tuuli Koch. Gaasitoru testib võimuliidu närvikava

  14. Kytkimen valinta pinta-aaltoenergialaitteistoon

    OpenAIRE

    Pennonen, Antti

    2014-01-01

    Tässä työssä on tarkoituksena tarkastella ASWEC -2014 pinta-aaltoenergialaitteistoon mahdollisesti soveltuvia kytkimiä tai korvaavia ratkaisuja momentin siirtoon. Työn tarkoitus on valita soveltuva toteutustapa tai mahdollisesti olemassa oleva komponentti laitteiston momentin siirtoon. Aaltovoima on aurinko-, tuuli- ja vesivoiman rinnalla suhteellisen uusi tapa sähkön tuottamiseksi. Kuitenkin merkittävä osa maapallon energiasta voitaisiin menetelmien kehittyessä tuottaa aaltoenergiaa käyt...

  15. THE DEATH OF ALEXANDER THE GREAT 1. INTRODUCTION

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pire based on Hellenistic culture whilst incorporating the best elements of the Persians ... Egyptian and Mesopotamian embalmers, it was diverted to Egypt by. Ptolemy on ..... carousal in honour of a god (probably Heracles) at the home of his.

  16. Research on human placenta-derived mesenchymal stem cells ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Research on human placenta-derived mesenchymal stem cells transfected with pIRES2-EGFP-VEGF165 using liposome. ... African Journal of Biotechnology. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue ...

  17. Teatri aastaauhindade nominendid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Lavastajaauhind : Merle Karusoo, Elmo Nüganen, Tiit Ojasoo, Ene-Liis Semper, Kristian Smeds, Hendrik Toompere jun, Ingomar Vihmar ; kunstnikuauhind : Iir Hermeliin, Liina Keevallik, Ene-Liis Semper, Aime Unt, Ervin Õunapuu ; naisnäitleja auhind : Ülle Kaljuste, Kaie Mihkelson, Harriet Toompere, Marika Vaarik, Liina Vahtrik ; meesnäitleja auhind : Ain Lutsepp, Rein Oja, Rain Simmul, Tarvo Sõmer, Tambet Tuisk, Aarne Üksküla ; Balleti- ja tantsuteater : Marina Tshirkova, Seki Hirotaka, Mari Savitski, Oksana Titova, Taavet Jansen, Sasha Pepeljajev, Katrin Essenson ja Tantsuteater Fine 5

  18. TÜ ja TPÜ magistreid 2001 / Tiia Margus, Hille Roots, Krista Kerge

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Margus, Tiia

    2002-01-01

    TÜ eesti ja soome-ugri keeleteaduse osakonnas kaitsesid 2001.a. magistritööd M. Aksli, E. Saar, M. Mihkla, R. Pärss, I. Nikopensius, K. Prillop, O. Nagel, K. Labi, M. Chamberlin, K. Pai, K. Sarv, E. Vainik, A. Tuisk, J. Kronberg, A. Korb, L. Pärlin, P. Peiker, H. Kirk, R. Undusk, A. Org, M. Kalda, V. Ränik, M.-A. Remmel. TPÜ filoloogiateaduskonna eesti filoloogia, soome filoloogia ja kirjandusteaduse alaste magistritööde kaitsmise nõukogu ees kaitsesid 2001.a. magistritööd S. Salla, E. Lindsalu ja M. Tuur

  19. Teatri aastaauhindadele kandideerijad selgunud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Lavastajaauhind : Merle Karusoo, Elmo Nüganen, Tiit Ojasoo, Ene-Liis Semper, Kristian Smeds, Hendrik Toompere jun, Ingomar Vihmar ; kunstnikuauhind : Iir Hermeliin, Liina Keevallik, Ene-Liis Semper, Aime Unt, Ervin Õunapuu ; naisnäitleja auhind : Ülle Kaljuste, Kaie Mihkelson, Harriet Toompere, Marika Vaarik, Liina Vahtrik ; meesnäitleja auhind : Ain Lutsepp, Rein Oja, Rain Simmul, Tarvo Sõmer, Tambet Tuisk, Aarne Üksküla ; Balleti- ja tantsuteater : Marina Tshirkova, Seki Hirotaka, Mari Savitski, Oksana Titova, Taavet Jansen, Sasha Pepeljajev, Katrin Essenson ja Tantsuteater Fine 5

  20. Questionário de estilos parentais para pais (PAQ-P) - Estudos de validação

    OpenAIRE

    Pires, Mónica; Jesus, Saul Neves de; Hipólito, João

    2011-01-01

    Após a adaptação e dos procedimentos de tradução do Parental Authority Questionnaire (Buri, 1991), para a língua portuguesa e para a resposta a pais, e dos estudos iniciais de adaptação e pré-validação (Pires, Hipólito & Jesus, 2010), procedeu-se à validação final do Questionário de Estilos Parentais para Pais (PAQ-P), permitindo avaliar as suas qualidades psicométricas e respectiva comparação com estudos exploratórios anteriores (Pires, 2008; Pires, Hipólito & Jesus, 2010) ...

  1. Pienyrityksen onnistuneen asiakassuhteen elementit : Case: Solarpoint

    OpenAIRE

    Teppola, Sami

    2009-01-01

    Tutkimuksen tavoitteena oli ensin kartoittaa pienyrityksen onnistuneen asiakassuhteen elementtejä ja sen jälkeen pyrkiä tekemään lista toimintamalleista, joita toistamalla yrityksen liiketoimintaa voitaisiin kehittää. Työ toteutettiin toimeksiantona Solarpoint-nimiselle yritykselle (Tmi Mika Teppola). Yrityksen toimialaan kuuluvat pääasiassa aurinko- ja tuulisähkötuotteiden jälleenmyynti ja asennus. Yrittäjällä ei ole liiketaloudellista koulutusta, joten työtä alettiin tehdä sillä silmällä, e...

  2. On aeg mängida! / Ell-Maaja Randküla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Randküla, Ell-Maaja, 1939-2016

    2005-01-01

    Tartu Mänguasjamuuseumi (Tartu, Lutsu t. 8) sisekujundus. Autorid: Tea Tammelaan, Krista Lepland, Malle Jürgenson, OÜ Laika, Belka & Strelka. Maalitud põrandavaip: Kai Kaljo. Maalitud pitslinad: Tuuli Puhvel. Ehitaja: AS Facio Ehitus. Eesti Sisearhitektide Liidu 2004. a. aastapreemiate konkursil pälvis ajaloolise interjööri preemia. T. Tammelaanest, K. Leplandist ja M. Jürgensonist, OÜ Laika, Belka & Strelka tähtsamad tööd. Ill.: plaan, 23 värv. vaadet

  3. Kus on disaini Youtube? / Tanel Veenre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veenre, Tanel, 1977-

    2009-01-01

    Tallinna 5. rakenduskunsti triennaali peanäitus "Know how" Eesti Tarbekunsti- ja Disainimuuseumis kuni 21. 02. 2010. Kuraator Kärt Maran, kujundajad Ott Kadarik ja Tuuli Aule. Kolm võrdset preemiat suurusega á 20000 Eesti krooni pälvisid Marta Boan (Hispaania) ehete seeria "Cube" eest, autorite kollektiiv Jaan Evart (Eesti), Julian Hagen (Austria) ja Daniel Maarleveld (Holland) töö "Penjet" eest, Kieren Jones (Suurbritannia) tööde seeria "IDEA-Flat Pack Re-arranged: Gopan, Strum, Gunn, Trophi" eest

  4. Oskusteabe tarbekunsti-tiritamm / Lylian Meister

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Meister, Lylian, 1966-

    2009-01-01

    Tallinna 5. rakenduskunsti triennaalist. Peanäitus "Know how" Eesti Tarbekunsti- ja Disainimuuseumis kuni 21. 02. 2010 (kuraator Kärt Maran, kujundajad: Ott Kadarik, Tuuli Aule). Kolm võrdset preemiat said Marta Boan (Hispaania), autorite kollektiiv Jaan Evart (Eesti), Julian Hagen (Austria) ja Daniel Maarleveld (Holland) ning Kieren Jones (Suurbritannia). Satelliitnäitused: "EKA Know How. See on imelihtne?" (kuraatorid: Eeva Käsper, Tiina Sarapu) Eesti Kunstiakadeemia galeriis 12. 11.-10. 12. 2009, "Praktiline Kunst ja Kodu" (kuraator Kai Lobjakas, kujundaja Mikk Heinsoo) Hobusepea galeriis 14.-23. 11. 2009

  5. Doktoritööd : [2007, Anne Lange jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    20. veebr. kaitseb Anne Lange doktoritööd "The poetics of translation of Ants Oras". 19. jaan. kaitses Tuuli Oder doktoritööd "The model of contemporary professional foreign language teacher". 16. jaan. kaitses Tiit Maran doktoritööd "Conservation biology of the European mink, Mustela lutreola (Linnaeus 1761): decline and causes of extinction". 12. jaan. kaitses Maris Saagpakk doktoritööd "Deutschbaltische Autobiographien als Dokumente des Zeit- und Selbstempfindens: vom Ende des 19. Jh. bis zur Umsiedlung 1939"

  6. Ma tean, mida sa näitad end olevat teinud läinud suvel / Laura Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Laura, 1982-

    2006-01-01

    Kuraator Marco Laimre juhendamisel valminud Eesti Kunstiakadeemia III kursuse fotograafiaüliõpilaste suvepraktika tööde näitus "Ma tean, mida sa tegid läinud suvel / I know what you did last summer" Eesti Kunstiakadeemia galeriis kuni 3. X. Helina Kõrmi, Dmitri Gerassimovi, Kristjan-Jaak Tammiksaare, Anne-Mai Pällo, Tuuli Antsovi, Terje Ugandi, Ivar Veermäe, Riika Tauriaineni, Kätly Kaibaldi, Raul Viitungi ja Andrus Kaursoni töödest

  7. Õiguskantsler ei toeta haridusministri algatust / Jaana Padrik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Padrik, Jaana, 1958-

    2008-01-01

    Õiguskantsler Indrek Teder korraldas koostöös lastekaitse liiduga 25. novembril õiguskantsleri kantseleis ümarlaua "Kool - kas haridus- või karistusasutus?", et arutada probleeme, mis võivad tuleneda munitsipaalkoolide direktoritele kohtuvälise väärteomenetleja õiguste andmisest. Kommenteerivad: HTM-i õigusosakonna juhataja Anno Aedmaa, lastepsühhiaater Piret Visnapuu, EKJÜ esimees, inglise kolledzhi direktor Toomas Kruusimägi, politseiameti vanemkomissar Rauni Rohuniit ja Tuuli Poom justiitsministeeriumi karistusõiguse ja menetluse talitusest

  8. In vitro germination and growth of babassu ( orbygnia phalerata Mart ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In vitro germination and growth of babassu (orbygnia phalerata Mart.) embryos subjected to different drying temperatures. Aurélio Rubio Neto, Bethânia Silva Morais De Freitas, Apolyana Lorrayne Souza, Fabiano Guimarães Silva, Juliana De Fátima Sales, Larissa Leandro Pires ...

  9. Influence of sweeteners in the biodistribution of radiopharmaceutical ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Influence of sweeteners in the biodistribution of radiopharmaceutical and laboratory tests in rats. Michelly Pires Queiroz, Vanessa Santos de Arruda Barbosa, Cecília Maria de Carvalho Xavier Holanda, Janette Monroy Osório, Tarciso Bruno Montenegro Sampaio, Christina da Silva Camillo, Aldo Cunha Medeiros, Marília ...

  10. l'instabilité financière et les enseignements à tirer des pays émergents

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    bbattisti

    Macroeconomic Volatility, Institutions and Financial Architectures. (José María Fanelli, éditeur, Palgrave Macmillan, 2008). La crise internationale et l'inquiétude face à la croissance future. L'instabilité financière actuelle est la pire que le monde ait connue depuis des décennies. De nombreux observateurs avancent que.

  11. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 101 - 150 of 11090 ... Asma Murtaza, Shazia Shafique, Tehmina Anjum, Sobiya Shafique. Vol 12, No 46 (2013), In vitro cultivation of Pleurotus ostreatus and Lentinula edodes in lignocellulosic residues from Amazon, Abstract PDF. Ceci Sales-Campos, Diego A. Pires, Samira R. L. Barbosa, Raimunda Liége S. Abreu, ...

  12. Résultats de recherche | Page 408 | CRDI - Centre de recherches ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    État de choc : La société canadienne et l'environnement. L'auteur constate que le terme « développement durable » est souvent récupéré pour conforter certains des pires aspects d'une vision expansionniste et courte du monde. Publication Date. 1 janvier 1994. Livres.

  13. Le renouveau des contes du Lagle Naaba à la Télévision Nationale ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hond

    2 juin 2007 ... extérieurs (films, jeux, sports, grands reportages, musique, etc.), en dépit de ... estimée à huit (8) millions de personnes qui, pour la majorité, continuent de garder ... peine d'attirer sur soi et sur les siens les pires calamités.

  14. Evaluation of genetic diversity of Portuguese Pinus sylvestris L.

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Genetics; Volume 92; Online resources. Evaluation of genetic diversity of Portuguese Pinus sylvestris L. populations based on molecular data and inferences about the future use of this germplasm. J. Cipriano A. Carvalho C. Fernandes M. J. Gaspar J. Pires J. Bento L. Roxo J. Louzada J. Lima- ...

  15. Chemical and antimicrobial analysis of husk fiber aqueous extract ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Chemical and antimicrobial analysis of husk fiber aqueous extract from Cocos nucifera L. Davi Oliveira e Silva, Gabriel Rocha Martins, Antônio Jorge Ribeiro da Silva, Daniela Sales Alviano, Rodrigo Pires Nascimento, Maria Auxiliadora Coelho Kaplan, Celuta Sales Alviano ...

  16. Des variétés de manioc améliorées accroissent la sécurité alimentaire

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    un de ses pires inconvénients, surtout lorsqu'il s'agit d'assurer la survie en ... instauré par le gouvernement de l'Ouganda à Namulonge, une équipe de scientifiques a lancé une initiative d'amélioration génétique audacieuse.

  17. African Journal of Biotechnology - Vol 12, No 46 (2013)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In vitro cultivation of Pleurotus ostreatus and Lentinula edodes in lignocellulosic residues from Amazon · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Ceci Sales-Campos, Diego A. Pires, Samira R. L. Barbosa, Raimunda Liége S. Abreu, Meire C. N. Andrade, 6526- ...

  18. ORF Alignment: NC_000917 [GENIUS II[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available NC_000917 gi|11498586 >1b0uA 5 258 11 250 4e-55 ... ref|NP_069814.1| osmoprotection p...rotein (proV) [Archaeoglobus fulgidus DSM 4304] ... gb|AAB90260.1| osmoprotection protein (proV) ... ... ... [Archaeoglobus fulgidus DSM 4304] pir||E69372 ... osmoprotection protein (proV) homolog - Arch

  19. Résultats de recherche | Page 54 | CRDI - Centre de recherches ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Promouvoir la maternité sans risques dans la zone Jimma, en Éthiopie (IMCHA). Ce projet vise à soutenir les services offerts dans la communauté qui amélioreront la santé maternelle en Éthiopie, un pays affichant certains des pires indicateurs de santé de l'Afrique subsaharienne. Projet.

  20. Systèmes d'information sur la santé Transposer les données ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    28 mars 2013 ... Au pire, un système d'information sur la santé dysfonctionnel peut entraîner la non-satisfaction des besoins fondamentaux de la population. Briser le ... Five IDRC-supported health systems researchers talk about how their work is improving primary health care for mothers and children, and changin.

  1. Inclusion of sweet sorghum flour in bread formulations

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    2015-05-13

    May 13, 2015 ... Inclusion of sweet sorghum flour in bread formulations. Veronica Freitas Pires Araujo1, Wellingthon da Silva Guimaraes Junnyor1, Marco Antonio. Pereira da Silva1* ..... Revista Brasileira de Saúde e. Produção Animal.

  2. "Mis on see luuletaja luule..." : [luuletused] / Juhan Viiding

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Viiding, Juhan, 1948-1995

    2001-01-01

    Tekst eesti ja inglise k. J. Viidingu lühibiograafia eesti ja inglise k. lk. 151. Sisu: "Mis on see luuletaja luule..." = "So what is a poet's poetry then..." ; Eluküsimus = A question of life ; "sügisemees..." = "the autumn man..." ; "Lamades, seistes ja istudes..." = "Lying, standing or sitting..." ; "öö käest pannakse päeva käele..." = "from the hand of night to the hand of day..." ; "sa karjatad pikalt ja valuga..." = "you scream long and hard..." ; Tee = The road ; "tuisk on kolmandat päeva..." = "its's day three of the blizzard..." ; Latern = Street lamp ; "Eluaeg olen tahtnud õue..." = "All my life, I've wanted out..." ; "su südamepuuris on vaikus..." = "In the cage of your heart there is silence..."

  3. Teatri aastaauhindade laureaadid 2008

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Tiit Ojasoo - lavastajaauhind, Silver Vahtre, Krista Tool ja Margus Vaigur - kunstniku auhind, Piret Laurimaa - naisnäitleja auhind, Üllar Saaremäe - meesnäitleja auhind, Tiina Tauraite - naiskõrvalosa auhind, Taavi Teplenkov - meeskõrvalosa auhind, Mart Koldits - sõnalavastuse eriauhind, Dmitri Bertman ja Mart Madiste - muusikalavastuse auhind, Vitali Nikolajev - muusikalavastuse eriauhind, Marina Kesler - balletilavastuse auhind, Oksana Titova - tantsulavastuse auhind, Ivika Sillar - kriitikaauhind, Külli Teetamm ja Tambet Tuisk - Ants Lauteri näitlejaauhind, Heli Veskus - Georg Otsa auhind, Finn Poulsen - Salme Reegi auhind, Elo Soode - Natalie Mei auhind, Aarne Üksküla - Priit Põldroosi auhind, Maimu Berg - Aleksander Kurtna auhind, Laura Peterson - Kristallkingakese auhind, Liina Laigu, Kaido Päästel ja Juhan Rumm - teatritöötaja auhind

  4. Eesti teatri aastaauhinnad 2007

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Tiit Ojasoo - lavastajaauhind, Silver Vahtre, Krista Tool ja Margus Vaigur - kunstniku auhind, Piret Laurimaa - naisnäitleja auhind, Üllar Saaremäe - meesnäitleja auhind, Tiina Tauraite - naiskõrvalosa auhind, Taavi Teplenkov - meeskõrvalosa auhind, Mart Koldits - sõnalavastuse eriauhind, Dmitri Bertman ja Mart Madiste - muusikalavastuse auhind, Vitali Nikolajev - muusikalavastuse eriauhind, Marina Kesler - balletilavastuse auhind, Oksana Titova - tantsulavastuse auhind, Ivika Sillar - kriitikaauhind, Külli Teetamm ja Tambet Tuisk - Ants Lauteri näitlejaauhind, Heli Veskus - Georg Otsa auhind, Finn Poulsen - Salme Reegi auhind, Elo Soode - Natalie Mei auhind, Aarne Üksküla - Priit Põldroosi auhind, Maimu Berg - Aleksander Kurtna auhind, Laura Peterson - Kristallkingakese auhind, Liina Laigu, Kaido Päästel ja Juhan Rumm - teatritöötaja auhind

  5. Eesti teater välismaal : gastrollid ja saavutused aastal 2004 / Mari Kolle, Katrin Talts

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kolle, Mari

    2004-01-01

    Veebruaris andis Londoni Teatriühing balletipaarile A. Oks-T. Edur Briti teatripreemia, Laurence Olivier teatriauhinna; VAT Teatri lavastus "Kivid" hinnati Peterburi rahvusvahelisel noorsooteatrite festivalil "Vikerkaar" preemiaga "Parim lavastus väikesel laval"; Vanemuise lavastus "Roberto Zucco" võitis Poolas teatrifestivalil "Kontakt" II peaauhinna ja nimiosatäitja T. Tuisk parima noore näitleja auhinna; Von Krahli Teater võitis lavastusega "Luikede järv" New Yorgi Bessie-auhinna ; Jaapani rahvusvahelisel teatrifestivalil pälvis lavastaja J. Urvet parima meesnäitleja preemia osatäitmise eest "Niagaaras"; rahvusvaheliselt äratas tähelepanu eesti-soome ühistööna kirjutatud näidend "Taksojuhid", mille autorid on M. Ulman ja J. Niilekselä. Kaasaegse tantsu vallas olid rahvusvaheliste festivalide favoriidid M. Kangro, K. Essenson ja R. Keerd

  6. Construction of rat beta defensin-2 eukaryotic expression vector and expression in the transfected rat corneal epithelial cell

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jing Dan

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To construct a recombinant eukaryotic expression vector of rat beta defensin-2(rBD-2, transfect it into the rat corneal epithelial cells with lipofection, determine the expression of target gene in the transfected cells, and discuss the potentiality of recombinant plasmid expressed in corneal epithelial cells, hoping to provide an experimental foundation for further study on the antimicrobial activity of rBD-2 in vitro and in vivo and to assess the probability of defensins as a new application for infectious corneal diseases in the future. METHODS: The synthetic rBD-2 DNA fragment was inserted between the XhoI and BamHI restriction enzyme cutting sites of eukaryotic expression vector pIRES2-ZsGreen1 to construct the recombinant plasmid pIRES2-ZsGreen1-rBD-2, then transformed it into E.coli DH5α, positive clones were screened by kanamycin and identified with restriction endonucleases and sequencing analysis. Transfection into the rat corneal epithelial cells was performed by lipofection. Then the experiment was divided into three groups: rat corneal epithelial cell was transfected with the recombinant plasmid pIRES2- ZsGreen1-rBD-2, rat corneal epithelial cell was transfected with the empty plasmid pIRES2-ZsGreen1 and the non-transfected group. The inverted fluorescence microscope was used to observe the transfection process. At last, the level of rBD-2 mRNA expressed in the transfected cells and the control groups are compared by the real-time fluoresence relative quantitative PCR. RESULTS: The recombinant eukaryotic expression vector of pIRES2-ZsGreen1-rBD-2 was successfully constructed. The level of rBD-2 mRNA in transfected cells was significantly higher than that in control groups through the real-time fluorescence relative quantitative PCR. CONCLUSION: The recombinant eukaryotic expression vector pIRES2-ZsGreen1-rBD-2 could be transfected into rat corneal epithelial cells, and exogenous rBD-2 gene could be transcripted into mRNA in

  7. Influência de genótipos de couve (Brassica oleracea L. var. acephala DC. na biologia de Plutella xylostella (L., 1758 (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae Influence of cabbage genotypes (Brassica oleracea L. var. acephala DC. on the biology of Plutella xylostella (L., 1758 (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arlindo Leal Boiça Junior

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se, com este trabalho, avaliar a influência de alguns genótipos de couve (Brassica oleracea L. var. acephala DC. no desenvolvimento de Plutella xylostella (L., 1758 (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae. Os genótipos avaliados foram: Manteiga de Ribeirão Pires I-2620, Roxa I-919, Manteiga de São José, Manteiga de Monte Alegre, Pires 2 de Campinas, Couve Comum, Couve de Arthur Nogueira 2, Couve de Arthur Nogueira 1. Lagartas recém-eclodidas foram mantida em discos foliares de 8 cm de diâmetro para cada genótipo. Foram analisados os seguintes parâmetros: duração e viabilidade das fases larval e pupal, longevidade e fecundidade de adultos, utilizando análises paramétricas e de agrupamentos para interpretação dos dados. Observou-se um prolongamento em dias no ciclo de P. xylostella, aumento no peso de pupa e maiores valores de viabilidade e fecundidade, durante a segunda geração. O genótipo Couve de Arthur Nogueira 2 foi menos favorável ao desenvolvimento de P. xylostella nas duas gerações, e Couve Comum demonstrou maior influência negativa ao inseto na segunda geração. Manteiga de Ribeirão Pires I-2620 foi o mais suscetível nas duas gerações, agrupando com este na segunda geração Pires 2 de Campinas e Manteiga de São José.The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of cabbage genotypes (Brassica oleracea L. var. acephala DC. on growth of Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae. The genotypes evaluated were: Manteiga of Ribeirão Pires I-2620, Roxa I919, Manteiga of São José, Manteiga of Monte Alegre, Pires 2 of Campinas, Couve Comum, Couve of Arthur Nogueira 2, Couve of Arthur Nogueira 1. Neonate larvae were reared in 8 cm leaf discs of each genotype. The parameters evaluated were: period and viability of the larval and pupal stages, sex ratio, longevity and fecundity of adults. Parametric and Cluster analyses were used for data analysis. Overall, it was observed a developmental delay in the P

  8. O encontro com o outro - as interculturalidades possíveis entre escola e ciganos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ademir Divino Vaz

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The article highlights the presence of gypsies in the territories and cities of Ipameri Pires River, southeast of the state of Goiás, and examines the meanings that schools have these for Roma communities. Simultaneously, it also has the representation of teachers (schools that meet the Roma and the concerned communities. The study profiles to work together with the Cultural Human Geography. / O artigo em questão destaca a presença de territórios ciganos nas cidades de Ipameri e Pires do Rio, sudeste do estado de Goiás, e analisa os significados que a instituição escolar tem para os ciganos dessas comunidades. Simultaneamente, apresenta também as representações dos professores (das escolas que atendem às Comunidades Ciganas quanto às referidas Comunidades. O estudo perfila- se junto aos trabalhos da Geografia Humanista Cultural.

  9. Art of War Papers: An Exit Strategy not a Winning Strategy? Intelligence Lessons Learned from the British Emergency in South Arabia, 1963-67

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-04-01

    the US and France . The UK government foresaw a methodical British retreat from Em- pire in which Britain retained a global, or at least regional...particularly as they became fired by Arab nationalism and ultimately their own form of Marxism . There is little surviving evidence that the leaders...22 ish and the FSA. The NLF’s increasing move towards Marxism was also inconsistent with local conservative Islamic values.79 In 1964-66 they may

  10. The topology of toric origami manifolds

    OpenAIRE

    Holm, Tara; Pires, Ana Rita

    2012-01-01

    A folded symplectic form on a manifold is a closed 2-form with the mildest possible degeneracy along a hypersurface. A special class of folded symplectic manifolds are the origami symplectic manifolds, studied by Cannas da Silva, Guillemin and Pires, who classified toric origami manifolds by combinatorial origami templates. In this paper, we examine the topology of toric origami manifolds that have acyclic origami template and co-orientable folding hypersurface. We prove that the cohomology i...

  11. Portuguese adaptation of the Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scales (GSS1 and GSS2): empirical findings

    OpenAIRE

    Pires, Rute; Silva, Danilo R.; Ferreira, Ana Sousa

    2012-01-01

    In study 1 (n = 51, M age = 21.4 years, SD = 5.7), the validity of the Portuguese adaptation of the Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scales (Pires, 2011) was shown through the comparison of means of the original (Gudjonsson, 1997) and the translated scales and the analysis of the correlations between the GSS1 and GSS2 scores. The relationships between interrogative suggestibility and the big five were also addressed and the results point to independence between suggestibility and personality, which ...

  12. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-TNIG-22-0315 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-TNIG-22-0315 ref|YP_177750.1| PE-PGRS FAMILY PROTEIN [Mycobacterium tuberculosis... H37Rv] pir||E70824 hypothetical glycine-rich protein Rv0746 - Mycobacterium tuberculosis (strain H37RV) e...mb|CAE55316.1| PE-PGRS FAMILY PROTEIN [Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv] YP_177750.1 7e-13 31% ...

  13. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-TGUT-20-0006 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-TGUT-20-0006 ref|YP_177750.1| PE-PGRS FAMILY PROTEIN [Mycobacterium tuberculosis... H37Rv] pir||E70824 hypothetical glycine-rich protein Rv0746 - Mycobacterium tuberculosis (strain H37RV) e...mb|CAE55316.1| PE-PGRS FAMILY PROTEIN [Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv] YP_177750.1 0.003 38% ...

  14. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-TSYR-01-1466 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-TSYR-01-1466 ref|YP_177750.1| PE-PGRS family protein [Mycobacterium tuberculosis... H37Rv] pir||E70824 hypothetical glycine-rich protein Rv0746 - Mycobacterium tuberculosis (strain H37RV) e...mb|CAE55316.1| PE-PGRS FAMILY PROTEIN [Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv] YP_177750.1 6e-21 35% ...

  15. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-DYAK-04-0109 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-DYAK-04-0109 ref|YP_177978.1| PE-PGRS FAMILY PROTEIN [Mycobacterium tuberculosis... H37Rv] pir||E70806 hypothetical glycine-rich protein Rv3507 - Mycobacterium tuberculosis (strain H37RV) e...mb|CAE55603.1| PE-PGRS FAMILY PROTEIN [Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv] YP_177978.1 9e-09 25% ...

  16. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-HSAP-15-0004 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-HSAP-15-0004 ref|YP_177750.1| PE-PGRS FAMILY PROTEIN [Mycobacterium tuberculosis... H37Rv] pir||E70824 hypothetical glycine-rich protein Rv0746 - Mycobacterium tuberculosis (strain H37RV) e...mb|CAE55316.1| PE-PGRS FAMILY PROTEIN [Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv] YP_177750.1 2e-10 33% ...

  17. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-XTRO-01-2803 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-XTRO-01-2803 ref|YP_177978.1| PE-PGRS FAMILY PROTEIN [Mycobacterium tuberculosis... H37Rv] pir||E70806 hypothetical glycine-rich protein Rv3507 - Mycobacterium tuberculosis (strain H37RV) e...mb|CAE55603.1| PE-PGRS FAMILY PROTEIN [Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv] YP_177978.1 9e-35 37% ...

  18. Suivre et contrer la circulation de l'information erronée dans le delta ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Un des pires incidents violents au Kenya depuis 2007 est survenu le 22 août 2012, lorsque 52 personnes sont mortes à la suite de violences ethniques entre des cultivateurs orma et des membres de la nation pokomo, un peuple nomade, dans le comté du fleuve Tana. Le présent projet de recherche d'une durée de deux ...

  19. Politique nationale et coopération européenne: La méthode ouverte de coordination ouverte est-elle devenue plus contraignante? (1)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vanhercke, B.; Hamel, M.P.

    2008-01-01

    De récentes « évaluations » de différentes MOC ont décrié ces processus de coordination, les qualifiant de « purement rhétoriques et de peu de valeur », de « lointains et peu pertinents », voire pire, de « diversion à la mode ». Les auteurs rejettent ce point de vue qui considère la MOC comme de la

  20. Des incitatifs au rendement pour les travailleurs en santé du Soudan ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le Soudan du Sud affiche quelques-uns des pires indicateurs de santé du monde. Ce projet vise à aborder le problème en améliorant la motivation et le rendement des travailleurs en santé communautaire. En revanche, cela devrait améliorer l'état de santé des mères et des enfants. Accès aux soins de santé au Soudan ...

  1. Browse Author Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    de Oliveira, JE · de Oliveira, JMG · de Oliveira, Kênia Borges · de Oliveira, Kelly Mari Pires · de Oliveira, Leandro Castro Matias · de Oliveira, LM · de Oliveira, Maria da Conceição F. de Oliveira, Mariana Menezes Quadros · de Oliveira, NC · de Oliveira, Nelson Geraldo · de Oliveira, NG · de Oliveira, PJ · de Oliveira, PM

  2. Intraperitoneal administration of the globular adiponectin gene ameliorates diabetic nephropathy in Wistar rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuan, Fang; Liu, Ying-Hong; Liu, Fu-You; Peng, You-Ming; Tian, Jun-Wei

    2014-06-01

    The present study investigated the potential effects of the long-term expression of exogenous adiponectin (ADPN) on normal and diabetic kidneys. Type 2 diabetes mellitus models were induced by high-lipid and high-sucrose feeding plus intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin. The recombinant plasmid pIRES2-EGFP-gAd, which is able to co-express globular ADPN (gAd) and enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP), was intraperitoneally injected into rat models mediated by Lipofectamine. In total, 32 Wistar rats were randomly assigned into four groups: the normal control group, the diabetes group, the diabetes group treated with pIRES2-EGFP-gAd and the diabetes group treated with pIRES2-EGFP. After 12 weeks, serum biochemistry and urine albumin levels were measured. The kidneys were collected to assess the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the renal pathological changes were observed by light microcopy. The protein expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and phosphorylated adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (p-AMPK) were determined by an immunohistochemical staining method and western blot analysis. Intraperitoneal injection of the human gAd gene via Lipofectamine resulted in abundant ADPN protein in the kidney. In the diabetic rats, the delivery of the exogenous gAd gene ameliorated the progression of diabetic nephropathy (DN). ADPN attenuated urine albumin excretion in the diabetic rats. ADPN also mitigated glomerular mesangial expansion, reduced the generation of ROS and prevented interstitial fibrosis. In addition, the expression of gAd inhibited the renal expression of TGF-β1, promoted the protein expression of eNOS and activated the opening of the AMPK signaling pathway in the renal tissues of the diabetic rats. Despite the effects of ADPN on DN being controversial, these observations indicate that the supplementation of ADPN is beneficial in ameliorating DN in rats.

  3. Moderniser la démarche visant la qualité de l'eau au Brésil | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    20 sept. 2017 ... Après la rupture d'un grand barrage au sud-est du Brésil, des déchets métalliques et de boue contaminèrent l'eau et causèrent la pire catastrophe écologique de l'histoire de la nation. La recherche d'Adalto Bianchini aide son pays à réviser sa règlementation relative à une de ses ressources les plus ...

  4. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-CJAC-01-0074 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-CJAC-01-0074 ref|YP_177850.1| PPE FAMILY PROTEIN [Mycobacterium tuberculosis H...37Rv] ref|YP_001283249.1| PPE family protein [Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Ra] pir||E70808 probable PPE protein - Mycobacterium tube...rculosis (strain H37RV) emb|CAE55441.1| PPE FAMILY PROTEIN [Mycobacterium tuberculosis... H37Rv] gb|ABQ73687.1| PPE family protein [Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Ra] YP_177850.1 0.001 26% ...

  5. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-TNIG-14-0016 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-TNIG-14-0016 ref|YP_177783.1| PE-PGRS FAMILY PROTEIN [Mycobacterium tuberculosis... H37Rv] ref|YP_001282395.1| PE-PGRS family protein [Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Ra] pir||E70895 hypothet...ical glycine-rich protein Rv1087 - Mycobacterium tuberculosis (strain H37RV) emb|CAE55354.1| PE-PGRS FAMILY ...PROTEIN [Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv] gb|ABQ72833.1| PE-PGRS family protein [Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Ra] YP_177783.1 3e-07 36% ...

  6. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-TGUT-20-0006 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-TGUT-20-0006 ref|YP_177783.1| PE-PGRS FAMILY PROTEIN [Mycobacterium tuberculosis... H37Rv] ref|YP_001282395.1| PE-PGRS family protein [Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Ra] pir||E70895 hypothet...ical glycine-rich protein Rv1087 - Mycobacterium tuberculosis (strain H37RV) emb|CAE55354.1| PE-PGRS FAMILY ...PROTEIN [Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv] gb|ABQ72833.1| PE-PGRS family protein [Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Ra] YP_177783.1 0.001 40% ...

  7. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-GGAL-35-0201 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-GGAL-35-0201 ref|YP_177783.1| PE-PGRS FAMILY PROTEIN [Mycobacterium tuberculosis... H37Rv] ref|YP_001282395.1| PE-PGRS family protein [Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Ra] pir||E70895 hypothet...ical glycine-rich protein Rv1087 - Mycobacterium tuberculosis (strain H37RV) emb|CAE55354.1| PE-PGRS FAMILY ...PROTEIN [Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv] gb|ABQ72833.1| PE-PGRS family protein [Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Ra] YP_177783.1 3e-22 41% ...

  8. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-BTAU-01-3007 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-BTAU-01-3007 ref|YP_177783.1| PE-PGRS FAMILY PROTEIN [Mycobacterium tuberculosis... H37Rv] ref|YP_001282395.1| PE-PGRS family protein [Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Ra] pir||E70895 hypothet...ical glycine-rich protein Rv1087 - Mycobacterium tuberculosis (strain H37RV) emb|CAE55354.1| PE-PGRS FAMILY ...PROTEIN [Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv] gb|ABQ72833.1| PE-PGRS family protein [Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Ra] YP_177783.1 9e-36 36% ...

  9. L’Europe et les sans-papiers

    OpenAIRE

    Simonnot, Nathalie; Intrand, Caroline

    2013-01-01

    En Europe, les sans-papiers vivent des conditions socio-économiques particulièrement défavorables. Les systèmes de santé des pays européens sont peu performants pour le suivi des personnes sans papiers. Ils sont en outre souvent victimes de refus de soins. Pire, l’accès aux soins est dans certains pays progressivement instrumentalisé au profit du contrôle de l’immigration. Ces politiques grossissent les rangs des populations qui n’accèdent pas aux soins et doivent avoir recours à Médecins du ...

  10. Proposta de um modelo computacional para representação de sinais em uma arquitetura de serviços HCI-SL para línguas de sinais

    OpenAIRE

    Antunes, Diego Roberto

    2015-01-01

    Orientador : Dr. André Luiz Pires Guedes Co-orientadora : Drª. Laura Sánchez Garcia Tese (doutorado) - Universidade Federal do Paraná, Setor de Ciências Exatas, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Informática. Defesa: Curitiba, 23/09/2015 Inclui referências : f. 196-206 Resumo: A falta de acesso à informação e ao conhecimento científico tem sido um grande obstáculo enfrentado por algumas comunidades minoritárias. Este é o caso das comunidades de Surdos que, historicamente, têm sofrido is...

  11. Résultats de recherche | Page 26 | CRDI - Centre de recherches ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Après la rupture d'un grand barrage au sud-est du Brésil, des déchets métalliques et de boue contaminèrent l'eau et causèrent la pire catastrophe écologique de l'histoire de la nation. La recherche d'Adalto Bianchini aide son pays à réviser sa règlementation relative à une de ses ressources les plus précieuses. Date de ...

  12. WHY THE WIRE DID NOT BREAK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Miranda

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Due to the impossibility of living out of space, the approach on this theme is always present in the history of literature. However, in the most diverse ways of understanding, the space does not bring alone the scope of the reflections which involve it. Time will also be questioned. And in this box of dimensions, it is still on us to think where reality is and where we are. Throughout the experience of man in the cities, Rui Pires Cabral opens important questioning on these topics.

  13. Uued raamatud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Constructed happiness - domestic environment in the cold war era / Võistlevad õnned - elukeskkond külma sõja perioodil (EKA, 2005; toimetajad Mart Kalm, Ingrid Ruudi, kujundajad Martin Lazarev, Tiit Lepp, Andrus Kõresaar); Ruumipilt : Eesti parimad interjöörid ja disain : konkurss 2004 / Eesti Sisearhitektide Liit (Minuskel, 2005; projektijuht Mati Veermets, kujundaja Tiiu Prisko, tekstid: Ell-Maaja Randküla); Eesti Kunstiakadeemia ajakirja 1. number (toimetajad Karolin Kuusik, Kristina Paju, kujundajad Kadri-Maria Mitt, Tuuli Aule, fotod: Tatjana Muravskaja); Eesti Kunstiakadeemia lõputööd 2005 (EKA, 2005; koostajad Karin Laansoo, Alo Paistik, kujundajad T. Aule, K.-M. Mitt, fotograafid Pelle Kalmo, Riikka Tauriainen, Anu Vahtra); Hallas-Murula, Karin. Suurlinn Tallinn : Eliel Saarineni "Suur-Tallinna" projekt. 1913 (Eesti Arhitektuurimuuseum, 2005; kujundaja Tiit Jürna); Kivi, Raul-Levroit. Tartu planeerimisest ja arhitektuurist : artikleid ja mälestusi (Eesti Arhitektuurimuuseum, 2005; koostajad Jaan Malin, K. Hallas-Murula); Arhitektuuriaasta 2004 : arhitektuuripreemiate nominendid (Solnessi Arhitektuurikirjastus, 2005; tekst: Epp Lankots, kujundaja Arhitektuuri Domeen); Archiprix International 2005 : world's best graduation projects (Rotterdam, 2005; EKA lõpetanud arhitektidest on publitseeritud Ralf Lõokese magistritöö "Superrand")

  14. NanoJapan: international research experience for undergraduates program: fostering U.S.-Japan research collaborations in terahertz science and technology of nanostructures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phillips, Sarah R.; Matherly, Cheryl A.; Kono, Junichiro

    2014-09-01

    The international nature of science and engineering research demands that students have the skillsets necessary to collaborate internationally. However, limited options exist for science and engineering undergraduates who want to pursue research abroad. The NanoJapan International Research Experience for Undergraduates Program is an innovative response to this need. Developed to foster research and international engagement among young undergraduate students, it is funded by a National Science Foundation Partnerships for International Research and Education (PIRE) grant. Each summer, NanoJapan sends 12 U.S. students to Japan to conduct research internships with world leaders in terahertz (THz) spectroscopy, nanophotonics, and ultrafast optics. The students participate in cutting-edge research projects managed within the framework of the U.S-Japan NSF-PIRE collaboration. One of our focus topics is THz science and technology of nanosystems (or `TeraNano'), which investigates the physics and applications of THz dynamics of carriers and phonons in nanostructures and nanomaterials. In this article, we will introduce the program model, with specific emphasis on designing high-quality international student research experiences. We will specifically address the program curriculum that introduces students to THz research, Japanese language, and intercultural communications, in preparation for work in their labs. Ultimately, the program aims to increase the number of U.S. students who choose to pursue graduate study in this field, while cultivating a generation of globally aware engineers and scientists who are prepared for international research collaboration.

  15. The experimental study of CT-guided hepatocyte growth factor gene therapy for cerebral ischemic diseases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhang Xiaobo; Jin Zhengyu; Li Mingli; Wang Renzhi; Li Guilin; Kong Yanguo; Wang Jianming; Gao Shan; Guan Hongzhi; Wang Detian; Luo Yufeng

    2006-01-01

    Objectives: To investigate the feasibility of CT guided hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) gene therapy for cerebral ischemic diseases. Methods: Human HGF cDNA was ligated to pIRES 2 -EGFP vector. The recombinant plasmid was transfected into the penumbra tissue with liposome, guided by CT perfusion images. After seven days of transfer with recombinant plasmid, the cut sections of rat brain tissues of the treated and control groups were analyzed including immunohistochemistry, vessel count, cerebral blood flow and infarct volume etc. in order to investigate HGF gene expression and biological effect. Results: Enzymatic digestion and electrophoresis confirmed that HGF fragments had been correctly cloned into the space between the BamH I and Sal I sites of pIRES 2 -EGFP. After 7 days of HGF gene transfection, expression of HGF in transfected neurocytes of treated group was observed with immunohistochemistry. The number of vessels in penumbra tissues transfected with HGF vectors and the CBF measured by perfusion CT all were significantly increased than those of the controls (P 2 -EGFP-HGF complexes can transfect the penumbra tissues and definitely express HGF protein. The HGF gene products can stimulate angiogenesis, promote collateral circulation formation and reduce infarct volume in vivo and therefore is beneficial to the treatment of cerebral ischemia. (authors)

  16. Espécies de Ganoderma P. Karst (Ganodermataceae e Phellinus Quél. (Hymenochaetaceae na Estação Científica Ferreira Penna, Pará, Brasil Species of Ganoderma P. Karst (Ganodermataceae and Phellinus Quél. (Hymenochaetaceae from Ferreira Penna Scientific Station, Pará, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alcindo da Silva Martins Júnior

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho foi baseado em coleções realizadas pelos autores e em material depositado no herbário João Murça Pires (MG, procedentes da Estação Científica Ferreira Penna (ECFPn, 1°38' - 1°48S; 51°20' - 51°36'W. Ganoderma esta representado por três espécies: G. australe, G. multiplicatum e G. stipitatum, e Phellinus por sete: P. baccharidis, P. calcitratus, P. extensus, P. fastuosus, P. gilvus, P. shaferi e P. undulatus.This work is based on collections undertaken by the authors and on material deposited in the João Murça Pires herbarium (MG, from the Ferreira Penna Scientific Station (ECFPn, 1°38' - 1°48S; 51°20' - 51°36'W. Ganoderma is represented by three species: G. australe, G. multiplicatum and G. stipitatum, and Phellinus by seven: P. baccharidis, P. calcitratus, P. extensus, P. fastuosus, P. gilvus, P. shaferi and P. undulatus.

  17. Melatonin Modulates Neuronal Cell Death Induced by Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress under Insulin Resistance Condition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Juhyun; Kim, Oh Yoen

    2017-06-10

    Insulin resistance (IR) is an important stress factor in the central nervous system, thereby aggravating neuropathogenesis and triggering cognitive decline. Melatonin, which is an antioxidant phytochemical and synthesized by the pineal gland, has multiple functions in cellular responses such as apoptosis and survival against stress. This study investigated whether melatonin modulates the signaling of neuronal cell death induced by endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress under IR condition using SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells. Apoptosis cell death signaling markers (cleaved Poly [ADP-ribose] polymerase 1 (PARP), p53, and Bax) and ER stress markers (phosphorylated eIF2α (p-eIF2α), ATF4, CHOP, p-IRE1 , and spliced XBP1 (sXBP1)) were measured using reverse transcription-PCR, quantitative PCR, and western blottings. Immunofluorescence staining was also performed for p-ASK1 and p-IRE1 . The mRNA or protein expressions of cell death signaling markers and ER stress markers were increased under IR condition, but significantly attenuated by melatonin treatment. Insulin-induced activation of ASK1 ( p-ASK1 ) was also dose dependently attenuated by melatonin treatment. The regulatory effect of melatonin on neuronal cells under IR condition was associated with ASK1 signaling. In conclusion, the result suggested that melatonin may alleviate ER stress under IR condition, thereby regulating neuronal cell death signaling.

  18. "Juba õhtu on käes..." : [luuletused] / Sergei Jessenin ; tlk. Helvi Jürisson, Artur Alliksaar, Muia Veetamm, Linda Ruud, Jaan Kross, Ellen Niit, Debora Vaarandi, Venda Sõelsepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jessenin, Sergei, 1895-1925

    2006-01-01

    Sisu: "Juba õhtu on käes..." ; "Seal, kus koit valab kapsaste vahel..." ; "Tulvavesi suitsev..." ; "Tegin oja kaldal vene..." ; "Laia taevaliua sinal..." ; "Kallis kodu! Näen kui unes..." ; "Olen karjus; minu valdus..." ; Venemaa ; Joobumus ; Hobused ; Laul koerast ; "Milleks punakuldseis põõsais nuuksed..." ; "Teispool jõge lõkkeread..." ; "Mind väsitand on kodunurk..." ; "See on mu kodu, mõtlik-hell..." ; Sinendus ; "Õhtul, kui kõik jooned nõrgemad..." ; "Homme varakult üles mind aja..." ; "Isamaja, kuhu jäid..." ; "Paljad põllud, metsaveered..." ; "Su juus on roheline..." ; "Laulud, laulud, kuhu te viite..." ; "Õnn, sina rumal! Mu aknad..." ; "Valged teed kinni tuiskab..." ; "Taas kiindumust ma vajan uut..." ; "Tiigipinnale kuldlehti liibub..." ; "Tuuled, tuuled, oo lund tooge, tuuled..." ; "Olen viimane külapoeet ma..." ; "Pole tarvis palvet, kurtmist, nuttu..." ; "Jah! Nüüd kindel on küll, et ei iial..." ; "Samasugune lihtne kui muud..." ; "Mingi troika on värava taga..." ; Kiri emale ; "Kõik me vähehaaval kaome sinna..." ; "Shagane, minu hea Shagane..." ; "Elurõõmus maailm, sinine ja lai..." ; "Koju ma ei leia teed..." ; "Sinav mai. Eha punerdav joom..." ; "Magab stepp. Koirohu tinast värskust..." ; "Meretäis sädinat õues..." ; "Elu pettus on, mis kestab päevast päeva..." ; "Mängi, lõõtspill, julgelt, mängi, lõõtspill, valju..." ; "Pole näinud ma kaunimat sinust..." ; "Laula nüüd mõnda laulukest, mida..." ; "Selle maailma kiiresti läbin..." ; "Sinistkirja pluus ja sinisilmadki..." ; "Tukub heledas kuuvalges..." ; "Küll on tuisk, tont võtaks, taevas ära kaob..." ; "Kes ma olen? Ainult unistaja..." ; "Sõber, hüvasti, mul ees on minek...". Eluloolisi andmeid autori kohta lk. 821

  19. Establishment and Identification of Chinese Hamster Ovary Cell Lines with Stable Expression of Soluble CD40 Ligands

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JIANG Hua-wei

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To establish the Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO cell lines with stable expression of soluble CD40 ligands (sCD40L. Methods: Recombinant plasmid pIRES2-EGFP-sCD40L, enzyme digestion and sequencing identification were obtained by cloning sCD40L coding sequences into eukaryotic expression vector pIRES2-EGFP from carrier pDC316-sCD40 containing sCD40L. CHO cells were transfected by electroporation, followed by screening of resistant clones with G418, after which monoclones were obtained by limited dilution assay and multiply cultured. Flow cytometer and reverted fluorescence microscope were applied to observe the expression of green fluorescent protein, while sCD40L expression was detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA from aspects of deoxyribose nucleic acid (DNA, messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA and protein, respectively. CHO-sCD40L was cultured together with MDA-MB-231 cells to compare the expression changes of surface molecule fatty acid synthase (Fas by flow cytometer and observe the apoptosis of MDA-MB-231 cells after Fas activated antibodies (CH-11 were added 24 h later. Results: Plasmid pIRES2-EGFP-sCD40L was successfully established, and cell lines with stable expression of sCD40L were obtained with cloned culture after CHO cell transfection, which was named as B11. Flow cytometer and reverted fluorescence microscope showed >90% expression of green fluorescent protein, while PCR, RT-PCR and ELISA suggested integration of sCD40L genes into cell genome DNA, transcription of sCD40L mRNA and sCD40L protein expression being (4.5±2.1 ng/mL in the supernatant of cell culture, respectively. After co-culture of B11 and MDA-MB-231 cells, the surface Fas expression of MDA-MB-231 cells was increased from (3±1.02 % to (34.8±8.75%, while the apoptosis rate 24 h after addition of CH11 from (5.4±1.32% to (20.7±5.24%, and the differences

  20. Terahertz Dynamics in Carbon Nanomaterials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kono, Junichiro

    2012-02-01

    This NSF Partnerships for International Research and Education (PIRE) project supports a unique interdisciplinary and international partnership investigating terahertz (THz) dynamics in nanostructures. The 0.1 to 10 THz frequency range of the electromagnetic spectrum is where electrical transport and optical transitions merge, offering exciting opportunities to study a variety of novel physical phenomena in condensed matter. By combining THz technology and nanotechnology, we can advance our understanding of THz physics while improving and developing THz devices. Specifically, this PIRE research explores THz dynamics of electrons in carbon nanomaterials, namely, nanotubes and graphene --- low-dimensional, sp^2-bonded carbon systems with unique finite-frequency properties. Japan and the U.S. are global leaders in both THz research and carbon research, and stimulating cooperation is critical to further advance THz science and to commercialize products developed in the lab. However, obstacles exist for international collaboration --- primarily linguistic and cultural barriers --- and this PIRE project aims to address these barriers through the integration of our research and education programs. Our strong educational portfolio endeavours to cultivate interest in nanotechnology amongst young U.S. undergraduate students and encourage them to pursue graduate study and academic research in the physical sciences, especially those from underrepresented groups. Our award-winning International Research Experience for Undergraduates Program, NanoJapan, provides structured research internships in Japanese university laboratories with Japanese mentors --- recognized as a model international education program for science and engineering students. The project builds the skill sets of nanoscience researchers and students by cultivating international and inter-cultural awareness, research expertise, and specific academic interests in nanotechnology. U.S. project partners include Rice

  1. Speciation of uranium in minerals by Sem, Tem, μ-PIXE, XPS and XAFS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Toshihiko Ohnuki; Hiroshi Isobe; Tomihiro Kamiya; Takuro Sakai; Takashi Murakami

    2001-01-01

    Many kinds of electromagnetic waves and particle beams are used as analytical probes for the investigation of uranium-mineralogy and speciation. The representatives of the probes are SEM, TEM, μ-PIRE, XPS and XAFS. Each of these analytical probes has its own advantages and disadvantages. We have performed studies to compare the advantages and disadvantages on the basis of the analysis of the distribution and speciation of U containing rock samples collected at the Koongarra uranium deposit, Australia. The spatial resolutions of the probes are in the order of TEM>SEM, μ-PIXE>XFAS, XPS. The lower detection limits of the probes are in the order of μ-PIXE< TEM, SEM< XFAS, XPS. Oxidation state of U was determined by XFAS and XPS. These results indicate that combination of the above probes can give us sufficient data on U speciation not only in natural rock samples but in solid samples obtained in the laboratory. (authors)

  2. Sally Mann, La chair toute nue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lisa Rossi

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Il y a trente ans de cela, la féministe Margaret Walters remarquait qu’il subsistait une distinction tenace entre « le Sexe-qui-regarde » et le « Sexe-qui-est-regardé » dans les conventions de la représentation du nu. Une vingtaine d’années plus tard, Germaine Greer réaffirmait cette assertion et déplorait que toute transgression de cet état de fait provoquât la controverse, ou pire, n’éveillât aucun intérêt (The Beautiful Boy, 2003. Si le mouvement féministe des années 1970 a vu des artiste...

  3. Sécurité au-delà des mythes et des croyances

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN. Geneva

    2010-01-01

    La pire des failles de sécurité est l'impression de sécurité. Le décalage entre la compréhension que l’on a des technologies utilisées, et leurs potentiels réels, ainsi que l'impact potentiellement négatif qu'elles peuvent avoir sur nos vies, n'est pas toujours compris, ou pris en compte par la plupart d'entre-nous. On se contente de nos perceptions pour ne pas avoir à se confronter à la réalité... Alors qu'en est-il vraiment ? En matière de sécurité qui de l'humain ou des technologies a le contrôle ?

  4. The Evidence of Imposex in Turbo sp. from Ujungpiring Waters of Jepara

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nuraini, RAT; Hartati, R.; Endrawati, H.; Widianingsih; Rachma, MJ; Mahendrajaya, RT

    2018-02-01

    Imposex is an endocrine disruption syndrome, in which females of marine gastropods develop sexual characteristics of males (penis and/or vas deferens). This syndrome is caused by tributyltin (TBT) or triphenyltin (TPT), toxic organotin compounds found in naval paints used as antifouling system in boats and artificial structures. The main objective of this study was to assess the incidence and severity of imposex in Turbosp.A hundred individus of Turbo sp was collected from Ujung Piring waters of Jepara, and observed for their sex and imposex. The results showed that the ratio male and female was 1.13 : 1, and the frequency of imposex females was 64.58%. The relative penis size were longer in imposex female than in male. The possibility of pollution was clearly shown from high evidence of imposex female.

  5. AS IMAGENS PUBLICITÁRIAS NO LIVRO DIDÁTICO DE GEOGRAFIA: UMA LEITURA VISUAL A PARTIR DO MÓDULO 5 DO 8º ANO DO PROJETO RADIX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valéria Nancí de Macêdo Santana

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available No contexto atual, o da contemporaneidade, é indiscutível o lugar que a imagem ocupa no mundo, uma vez que ela está presente em todas as atividades que desenvolvemos, quer fora quer dentro dos espaços escolares. Este estudo traz uma breve análise das imagens publicitárias utilizadas pelos autores Valquíria Pires e Beluce Belucci, no módulo 5 do livro didático de Ge- ografia do Projeto Radix, do 8º ano do Ensino Fundamental II, da editora Scipione, tendo como objetivo principal compreender como as imagens publicitárias são colocadas neste importante recurso didático. Ao mesmo tempo, julgamos oportuno e instigante investigar como o consumo e o consumismo são retratados através das mensagens trazidas pela publicidade e propagan- da no referido livro didático.

  6. A la recherche d’une culture de l’alimentation en Norvège...

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virginie Amilien

    2001-10-01

    Full Text Available Posez la question au premier norvégien venu dans la rue, et il vous répondra vraisemblablement que, « non, pas vraiment, …ici c’est le pays de la Grandiosa ,... y’a bien les kjøttkaker, et le fårikål, mais bon…. Non ! A côté de la France c’est pas grand chose. Le débat a d’ailleurs été officialisé dès 1977 lors d’une interview d’André Engh, alors chef à l’Hôtel Continental. Cuisinier norvégien reconnu, André Engh estimait que la Norvège possédait la pire cuisine de monde. S’en est suivi nombr...

  7. Jaroslav Rudiš, La Fin des punks à Helsinki

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morgan Corven

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available « Ici c'est no future, Tchernobyl, les Sudètes et le terminus de toutes les lignes de bus. » (pp. 203-204En 1987, aux confins de la Tchécoslovaquie communiste, Nancy, sa crête et son blouson à clous, n'a rien pour plaire au régime. Brimée, persécutée, elle finit même par se faire exclure de l'école. Mais voilà bien le cadet de ses soucis : le pire serait de tomber enceinte à cause de cet idiot d'Helmut. Ou que le mal qui enfle dans sa gorge depuis l'explosion de la centrale Lénine ne s'avère...

  8. Tang-Luo-Ning, a Traditional Chinese Medicine, Inhibits Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress-Induced Apoptosis of Schwann Cells under High Glucose Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weijie Yao

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Tang-Luo-Ning (TLN has a definite effect in the clinical treatment of diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN. Schwann cells (SCs apoptosis induced by endoplasmic reticulum stress (ER stress is one of the main pathogeneses of DPN. This study investigates whether TLN can inhibit SCs apoptosis by inhibiting ER stress-induced apoptosis. Our previous researches have demonstrated that TLN could increase the expression of ER stress marker protein GRP78 and inhibited the expression of apoptosis marker protein CHOP in ER stress. In this study, the results showed that TLN attenuated apoptosis by decreasing Ca2+ level in SCs and maintaining ER morphology. TLN could decrease downstream proteins of CHOP including GADD34 and Ero1α, while it increased P-eIF2α and decreased the upstream proteins of CHOP including P-IRE1α/IRE1α and XBP-1, thereby reducing ER stress-induced apoptosis.

  9. THE DEGRADED LANDSCAPES OF THE PALMELO MUNICIPALITY IN GOIAS STATE: THE STUDY OF THE GULLIES BY MEANS OF FIELDWORK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vandervilson Alves Carneiro

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This work presents some considerations about the dynamics of degraded landscapes processes, like gullies, located in Palmelo, Goiás State, within Pires do Rio Microregion. Throughout a complete fieldwork, the gullies, in rural areas, that threat to underlying water table were mapped and cataloged. Unfortunately, one notices that gullies continually increase in size and number, mainly because there are no projects in order to restraint or reduce them promoted by local government. Besides, the illegal disposing of great amounts of waste still into the gullies, affects the quality of people’s life as well as the water table associated to them. Nevertheless, a very detailed case study of gullies, their cataloguing and identification, may help in the proposition of procedures to prevent and avoid illegal dumping of rubbish and waste, reduce the risks of accidents and eliminates these important factors of landscape degradation.

  10. Produtos de pesca e contaminantes químicos na água da Represa Billings, São Paulo (Brasil Fishing yield and chemical contamination of the water of the Billings Reservoir, S. Paulo (Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aristides Almeida Rocha

    1985-10-01

    Full Text Available Através da análise dos surfactantes determinados pelo método colorimétrico com azul de metileno, e dos metais pesados determinados por espectrofotometria de absorção atômica, como o cádmio, chumbo, cobre, cromo, mercúrio e zinco, foi caracterizada a poluição na Represa Billings, SP (Brasil, enfatizando a qualidade sanitária da água e a contaminação dos peixes. Com base nos dados coligidos, é mostrado o perigo potencial que representa o consumo do pescado proveniente da Billings, se bem que a pesca comercial esteja hoje praticamente restrita às cabeceiras dos braços dos rios Capivari e Pequeno, na junção próxima a Ribeirão Pires e nos braços dos rios Curucutu e Taquacetuba. Os dados da CEAGESP - Companhia de Entreposto de Armazéns Gerais do Estado de São Paulo - indicam que, no ano de 1980, apenas 64 toneladas de peixe provieram de São Bernardo do Campo.Data on detergents and heavy metals such as cadmium, lead, copper, chromium, mercury and zinc are used in order to estimate pollution and sanitary quality of water as well as contamination of fish from Billings Reservoir, SP, Brazil. The results of this work are a warning with regard to the potential risk of human consumption of fish from that Reservoir, even though commercial fishing is now practically restricted to the riverheads of the affluents of the rivers Capivari and Pequeno near Ribeirão Pires and along the rivers Curucutu and Taquacetuba. Data from CEAGESP (Companhia de Entreposto de Armazéns Gerais do Estado de São Paulo show that in 1980 only 64 tons of fish came from S. Bernardo do Campo.

  11. Coinfection with influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 and dengue virus in fatal cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perdigão, Anne Carolinne Bezerra; Ramalho, Izabel Letícia Cavalcante; Guedes, Maria Izabel Florindo; Braga, Deborah Nunes Melo; Cavalcanti, Luciano Pamplona Góes; Melo, Maria Elisabeth Lisboa de; Araújo, Rafael Montenegro de Carvalho; Lima, Elza Gadelha; Silva, Luciene Alexandre Bié da; Araújo, Lia de Carvalho; Araújo, Fernanda Montenegro de Carvalho

    2016-09-01

    We report on four patients with fatal influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 and dengue virus coinfections. Clinical, necropsy and histopathologic findings presented in all cases were characteristic of influenza-dengue coinfections, and all were laboratory-confirmed for both infections. The possibility of influenza and dengue coinfection should be considered in locations where these two viruses' epidemic periods coincide to avoid fatal outcomes. Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral infection caused by one of the four dengue viruses (DENV-1 to 4). Each of these viruses is capable of causing nonspecific febrile illnesses, classic dengue fever and dengue haemorrhagic fever (Gubler 1998). As a result, dengue is often difficult to diagnose clinically, especially because peak dengue season often coincides with that of other common febrile illnesses in tropical regions (Chacon et al. 2015). In April 2009, a new virus, influenza A/H1N1/pandemic (FluA/H1N1/09pdm), caused a severe outbreak in Mexico. The virus quickly spread throughout the world, and in June 2009, the World Health Organization declared a pandemic (WHO 2010). In Brazil, the first laboratory confirmed case of FluA/H1N1/09pdm was in July 2009 (Pires Neto et al. 2013). The state of Ceará, in Northeast Brazil, is a dengue endemic area. In this state, the virus influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 has circulated since 2009, and through the first half of 2012, 11 deaths caused by the virus were confirmed (Pires Neto et al. 2013). The influenza and dengue seasons in Ceará overlap, which led to diagnostic difficulties. We report four cases of laboratory-confirmed coinfection of deadly influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 with DENV, which occurred during the dengue and influenza season in 2012 and 2013 in Ceará.

  12. Coinfection with influenza A(H1N1pdm09 and dengue virus in fatal cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Carolinne Bezerra Perdigão

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract We report on four patients with fatal influenza A(H1N1pdm09 and dengue virus coinfections. Clinical, necropsy and histopathologic findings presented in all cases were characteristic of influenza-dengue coinfections, and all were laboratory-confirmed for both infections. The possibility of influenza and dengue coinfection should be considered in locations where these two viruses’ epidemic periods coincide to avoid fatal outcomes. Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral infection caused by one of the four dengue viruses (DENV-1 to 4. Each of these viruses is capable of causing nonspecific febrile illnesses, classic dengue fever and dengue haemorrhagic fever (Gubler 1998. As a result, dengue is often difficult to diagnose clinically, especially because peak dengue season often coincides with that of other common febrile illnesses in tropical regions (Chacon et al. 2015. In April 2009, a new virus, influenza A/H1N1/pandemic (FluA/H1N1/09pdm, caused a severe outbreak in Mexico. The virus quickly spread throughout the world, and in June 2009, the World Health Organization declared a pandemic (WHO 2010. In Brazil, the first laboratory confirmed case of FluA/H1N1/09pdm was in July 2009 (Pires Neto et al. 2013. The state of Ceará, in Northeast Brazil, is a dengue endemic area. In this state, the virus influenza A(H1N1pdm09 has circulated since 2009, and through the first half of 2012, 11 deaths caused by the virus were confirmed (Pires Neto et al. 2013. The influenza and dengue seasons in Ceará overlap, which led to diagnostic difficulties. We report four cases of laboratory-confirmed coinfection of deadly influenza A(H1N1pdm09 with DENV, which occurred during the dengue and influenza season in 2012 and 2013 in Ceará.

  13. On Ensino de Astronomia: Desafios para Implantação

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faria, R. Z.; Voelzke, M. R.

    2008-09-01

    Em 2002 o ensino de Astronomia foi proposto como um dos temas estruturadores pelos Parâmetros Curriculares Nacionais e sugerido como facilitador para que o aluno compreendesse a Física como construção humana e parte do seu mundo vivencial, mas raramente seus conceitos foram ensinados. A presente pesquisa discute dois aspectos relacionados à abordagem de Astronomia. O primeiro aspecto é se ela está sendo abordada pelos professores do Ensino Médio e o segundo, aborda a maneira como ela está sendo ensinada. Optou-se pela aplicação de um questionário a partir do 2° semestre de 2006 e durante o ano de 2007 com professores que ministram a disciplina de Física, os quais trabalham em escolas estaduais em Rio Grande da Serra, Ribeirão Pires e Mauá no estado São Paulo. Dos 66,2% dos professores que responderam ao questionário nos municípios de Rio Grande da Serra, Ribeirão Pires e Mauá, 57,4% não aplicaram nenhum tópico de astronomia, 70,2% não utilizaram laboratório, 89,4% não utilizaram qualquer tipo de programa computacional, 83,0% nunca fizeram visitas com alunos a museus e planetários e 38,3% não indicaram qualquer tipo de livro ou revista referente à astronomia aos seus alunos. Mesmo considerando a Astronomia um conteúdo potencialmente significativo, esta não fez parte dos planejamentos escolares. Portanto são necessárias propostas que visem estratégias para a educação continuada dos professores como, por exemplo, cursos específicos sobre o ensino em Astronomia.

  14. Literatura e medicina: o território partilhado Literature and medicine: the shared territory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moacyr Scliar

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Partindo do texto do escritor português José Cardoso Pires, "De Profundis: Valsa Lenta", em que o autor descreve a afasia pela qual passou em conseqüência de acidente vascular cerebral, são feitas considerações sobre o enfoque da doença por escritores e por médicos. As diferenças apontadas, em termos da forma e do conteúdo dos textos que, na literatura e na medicina, descrevem a doença, enquadram-se no conflito entre as duas culturas, tal como descrito por C. P. Snow, sendo característico da crescente especialização. A inclusão de textos literários no treinamento de médicos e de profissionais da saúde pode ajudar a superar esse hiato, facilitando o entendimento da doença em sua dimensão mais ampla e contribuindo para um melhor relacionamento profissional-paciente.The text De Profundis: Valsa Lenta (De Profundis: Slow Waltz, by Portuguese author José Cardoso Pires, describing the aphasia he experienced after a stroke, was used as a starting point to study the different approaches writers and physician have regarding the disease. The differences in form and content of texts describing the disease in literature and medicine fit in the conflict between the two cultures, as described by C.P. Snow, and are typical of the increasing specialization. The addition of literary texts in training programs for doctors and health professionals may help overcome this gap, making it easier to understand the disease in its broader dimension and collaborating to improve the relationship between patients and professionals.

  15. Intravenous Lipid Infusion Induces Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress in Endothelial Cells and Blood Mononuclear Cells of Healthy Adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tampakakis, Emmanouil; Tabit, Corey E; Holbrook, Monika; Linder, Erika A; Berk, Brittany D; Frame, Alissa A; Bretón-Romero, Rosa; Fetterman, Jessica L; Gokce, Noyan; Vita, Joseph A; Hamburg, Naomi M

    2016-01-11

    Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and the subsequent unfolded protein response may initially be protective, but when prolonged, have been implicated in atherogenesis in diabetic conditions. Triglycerides and free fatty acids (FFAs) are elevated in patients with diabetes and may contribute to ER stress. We sought to evaluate the effect of acute FFA elevation on ER stress in endothelial and circulating white cells. Twenty-one healthy subjects were treated with intralipid (20%; 45 mL/h) plus heparin (12 U/kg/h) infusion for 5 hours. Along with increased triglyceride and FFA levels, intralipid/heparin infusion reduced the calf reactive hyperemic response without a change in conduit artery flow-mediated dilation consistent with microvascular dysfunction. To investigate the short-term effects of elevated triglycerides and FFA, we measured markers of ER stress in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and vascular endothelial cells (VECs). In VECs, activating transcription factor 6 (ATF6) and phospho-inositol requiring kinase 1 (pIRE1) proteins were elevated after infusion (both P<0.05). In PBMCs, ATF6 and spliced X-box-binding protein 1 (XBP-1) gene expression increased by 2.0- and 2.5-fold, respectively (both P<0.05), whereas CHOP and GADD34 decreased by ≈67% and 74%, respectively (both P<0.01). ATF6 and pIRE1 protein levels also increased (both P<0.05), and confocal microscopy revealed the nuclear localization of ATF6 after infusion, suggesting activation. Along with microvascular dysfunction, intralipid infusion induced an early protective ER stress response evidenced by activation of ATF6 and IRE1 in both leukocytes and endothelial cells. Our results suggest a potential link between metabolic disturbances and ER stress that may be relevant to vascular disease. © 2016 The Authors. Published on behalf of the American Heart Association, Inc., by Wiley Blackwell.

  16. Proloog : [luuletused] / Henrik Visnapuu ; [Impressioonid]: Viiu Härm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Visnapuu, Henrik, 1890-1951

    2004-01-01

    Sisu: Proloog ; Igavesti ; Kui kuurdub armulill ; Neitsi saunas ; Metsatalu ; Eokene eo-eo ; Õdango laul ; Langes lund, langes verist lund ; Sireli ; Ole tervitet, tervitet ; Kahe ääretuse vahel ; Jääb inimene ikka, ikka meil veel velleks : J. Kuperjanovi mälestuseks ; Ärge tapke inimest ; Noor-Eestile 1905-1915 1-3 ; Surnuk sõnade surise ; Autobiograafia ; Matsin mulda ; Jõuluöö ; Laske mul olla kurb ; Esimene kiri Inglile ; Teine kiri Ingile ; Kolmas kiri Ingile ; Neljas kiri Ingile ; Viies kiri Ingile ; Kuues kiri Ingile ; Seitsmes kiri Ingile ; Kaheksas kiri Ingile ; Üheksas kiri Ingile ; Kümnes kiri Ingile ; Maga Alaea ; Kuu on end riputand ; Ilo kavva on kahele ; Tartu oktoober 1-2, 5 ; Suur kirjanik on nagu vana vein : Eduard Vilde mälestusele ; Üle kodumäe ; Vana-aasta kuu 1 ; Meie aja muinasjutt ; kevad ; Vaikne palve ; Maarjamaa laulud 8 ; Sula unelm ; Koduhaldjas ; Valgus on lõhnavan lehen ; Heinakuu öö 1-2 ; Viimne teekond ; Ema lill ; Vana kell ; Kuuvalgus ; Umbra apocalyptica ; Öö ja päev ; Laul vabadusest ; Magdaleena : Jõuluöö legend 1-2 ; Hommik ; Tuisk ; Pööripäeva eel ; Nii pidulik valgus ; Sügav suvi ; Paadil ; Öö ja meres 1 ; Öö ja meres 2 ; Tulease ; Aed ja aeg ; Idaruum ; Vanaema surm ; Emale ; Endeline öö ; Õnnis suvine öö ; Leegitsev liiv ; Vanad talud ; Sõnatu kuu ; Nii kargelt hingab ; Vihkan kevadet ; Aastaajad : 1. Hiline öökülm ; 2. Hiline sügis ; 3. Sügav talv ; 4. Ma usun taas ; Rahu ; Mul on sinu pärast nii kitsas ; Üle värskete kalmuküngaste ; pea vastu ; Ikka viirastub ; Jõulutäht ; Nii suured on sinu mured ; Mis armas, kõik on tuna ; Viimne söömaaeg ; Astuge tasa ; Periheel ; Ingi haual ; Eksin tänavate kurrus ; Manamine ; Kuues küünal ; Astendus ; Vahimees, ons ikka veel öö ; Karukellad ; Lein ; Kutse ; Kõik muutub lauluks ; Suvine öö 1-2 ; Sügis 1-2 ; Talv ; Talveöö ; Astugem isamaa palge ette ; Viimne kevad

  17. Ten years of Developing International Volcanology Graduate Study Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rose, W. I.

    2010-12-01

    In 2000 I reported at this symposium about multi-institutional graduate field trips to IAVCEI events, such as the Bali meeting and its importance in building international collegiality and awareness among the volcanology doctoral students. NSF was an enthusiastic supporter of these field sessions and this support has continued through the highly successful Pucon and Reykjavik sessions. International volcanology graduate program development began with several exchange programs. EHaz was a highly successful program (McGill, Simon Fraser, Michigan Tech, Buffalo, UNAM and Universidad de Colima) funded by the Department of Education (FIPSE) that moved students across North America where dozens of graduate students spent semesters of their study abroad and shared annual field trips and online student led graduate seminar classes. Michigan Tech’s volcanology graduate program started a Masters International program that combined Peace Corps service with hazards mitigation graduate study and students were placed by Peace Corps in countries with prominent natural hazards. The new program funded 2 year residences in foreign environments, principally in Pacific Latin America. NSF strongly supported this program from its inception, and eventually it gained NSF PIRE support. Dozens of students have initiated the 3 year program (15 completed) to date. A similar PIRE developed at UAF with a link to volcanology in the Russian Far East. One gain is the development of many socially-conscious research selections. Beginning this year transatlantic dual degree masters programs in volcanology are being offered by a consortium of US and European volcanology programs (Michigan Tech, Buffalo, Clermont Ferrand and University of Milan Bicocca), again aided by FIPSE funding. Students have dual advisors on both sides of the Atlantic and spend about half of their two year programs in Europe and half in US. Faculty also travel in the program and the four campuses are increasingly linked by

  18. Effects of exogenous IL-37 on the biological characteristics of human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells and the chemotaxis of regulatory T cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Yu-Hua; Zhou, Bi-Yun; Wu, Guo-Cai; Liao, De-Quan; Li, Jing; Liang, Si-Si; Wu, Xian-Jin; Xu, Jun-Fa; Chen, Yong-Hua; Di, Xiao-Qing; Lin, Qiong-Yan

    2018-02-14

    This study aims to investigate the effects of exogenous interleukin (IL)-37 on the biological characteristics of human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells and the chemotaxis of regulatory T (Treg) cells. After isolating the CD4+ CD25+ Treg cells from the peripheral blood, flow cytometry was used to detect the purity of the Treg cells. A549 cells were divided into blank (no transfection), empty plasmid (transfection with pIRES2-EGFP empty plasmid) or IL-37 group (transfection with pIRES2-EGFP-IL-37 plasmid). RT-PCR was used to detect mRNA expression of IL-37 and ELISA to determine IL-37 and MMP-9 expressions. Western blotting was applied to detect the protein expressions of PCNA, Ki-67, Cyclin D1, CDK4, cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved caspase-9. MTT assay, flow cytometry, scratch test and transwell assay were performed to detect cell proliferation, cycle, apoptosis, migration and invasion. Effect of exogenous IL-37 on the chemotaxis of Treg cells was measured through transwell assay. Xenograft models in nude mice were eastablished to detect the impact of IL-37 on A549 cells. The IL-37 group had a higher IL-37 expression, cell apoptosis in the early stage and percentage of cells in the G0/G1 phase than the blank and empty plasmid groups. The IL-37 group had a lower MMP-9 expression, optical density (OD), percentage of cells in the S and G2/M phases, migration, invasion and chemotaxis of CD4+CD25+ Foxp3+ Treg cells. The xenograft volume and weight of nude mice in the IL-37 group were lower than those in the blank and empty plasmid groups. Compared with the blank and empty plasmid groups, the IL-37 group had significantly reduced expression of PCNA, Ki-67, Cyclin D1 and CDK4 but elevated expression of cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved caspase-9. Therefore, exogenous IL-37 inhibits the proliferation, migration and invasion of human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells as well as the chemotaxis of Treg cells while promoting the apoptosis of A549 cells.

  19. Apontamentos sobre vieses alienantes nos versos da música popular brasileira = Points about the alienation verses in the Brazilian popular music

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ralf Hermes Siebiger

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Por meio da análise de algumas fases e estilos da música popular brasileira surgidos entre os anos 50 e 80, o presente artigo busca identificar alguns vieses alienantes presentes nas letras de canções compostas dentre os estilos citados. Tem-se como pressuposto o conceito de alienação fundamentado em Marx, traduzido enquanto fenômeno que implique no distanciamento do homem de sua realidade, bem como a concepção de indústria cultural fundamentada em Adorno. A análise de letras de música também fez parte do Cinema Universitário no Projeto de Extensão Formação Continuada de Egressos e Licenciados do "Campus" Universitário do Vale do Teles Pires. O artigo aponta para a necessidade de maior observação por parte da sociedade e principalmente por parte dos educadores no que se refere aos traços alienantes e/ou voltados exclusivamente para o consumo em massa que a produção musical muitas vezes pode assumir, tendo-se em vista a análise crítica desse cenário com vistas à construção de uma cidadania cultural.Through analysis of some phases and styles in Brazilian popular music that emerged between the 1950s and 80s, this article seeks to identify some alienating biases in the lyrics of songs written in the styles mentioned. The study assumes the concept of alienation found in Marx, translated as a phenomenon involving the alienation of man from his reality, as well as the development of a cultural industry as defined by Adorno. The analysis of lyrics was also part of the Cinema in the University Extension Project of Continuing Education Alumni and Graduates of Vale do Teles Pires Campus. The article points to the need for more observation on the part of society and especially by educators, with regard to alienating traits and/or those intended exclusively for mass consumption, which music production can often assume, keeping in mind a critical analysis of this scenario in order to construct a cultural citizenship.

  20. Entre o sentido da colonização e o arcaísmo como projeto: a superação de um dilema através do conceito de capital escravista-mercantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Paulo A. de Souza

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo, discute-se a proposta de Pires e Costa (1995, 2000 segundo a qual a economia brasileira no período escravista teria estado sujeita a uma forma específica do capital: o capital escravista-mercantil. Ela permite a superação da dicotomia entre o modelo interpretativo do Sentido da Colonização, proposto originalmente por Caio Prado Júnior, e o modelo do Arcaísmo como Projeto, proposto por Fragoso e Florentino (2001. O primeiro, por retratar a sociedade colonial como uma projeção imediata da expansão comercial européia, tem enfrentado dificuldades em acomodar as recentes evidências empíricas de que a economia colonial podia apresentar uma relativa autonomia, realizando acumulação endógena. O segundo, ao tentar de forma explícita acomodar essas evidências, acaba recusando a existência de um sentido da colonização tal como originalmente formulado. Para explicitar como o modelo do capital escravista-mercantil supera esse dilema, apresentamos uma analogia com o desenvolvimento da teoria do valor de Marx em O Capital.This paper discusses Pires and Costa's (1995, 2000 claim that the Brazilian economy during the slavery period functioned under the direction of a specific form of capital, called mercantile slavery capital. Their proposal allows us to overcome a dichotomy between the traditional interpretive model of the Meaning of Colonization, originally proposed by Caio Prado Júnior in the 1940's, and the new model of Archaism as a Project, proposed by Fragoso and Florentino (2001. The former, by depicting the Brazilian colonial society as an immediate result of the European commercial expansion, has had difficulties in explaining recent empirical evidence that the colonial economy was relatively autonomous, being able to carry out endogenous capital accumulation. The latter, however, in trying to explicitly accommodate this evidence turns out to reject the original formulation of the Meaning of Colonization as a

  1. Deep Sources: New constraints on the tectonic origin of the Klyuchevskoy Group upper mantle anomaly

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bourke, J. R.; Nikulin, A.; Levin, V. L.

    2017-12-01

    Volcanoes of the Klyuchevskoy Group (KG) form one of the most active volcanic clusters on the planet, yet its position relative to the subducting Pacific Plate seems to be in violation of the understood principles of the flux-induced arc volcanism. Positioned at 170km above the accepted subduction contact, the KG is seemingly outside the maximum fluid flux release zone of 100km, as observed across global subduction zone environments. Past geophysical studies indicate presence of a planar seismic anomaly 110km below the KG, and it has been noted that the KG lavas exhibit anomalous geochemical signatures, possibly associated with two separate melt generation regions. This interpretation was largely based on receiver function analysis of seismic data recorded by 3 stations of the Partnership in International Research and Education (PIRE) network, done prior to this data becoming publically available. We present results of receiver function and a teleseismic, regional, and local source shear wave splitting study, focused on datasets obtained by the full PIRE network of 12 stations, as well as a hybrid summation of all stations. We present our findings in the form of depth migrated receiver function images convolved with a three-dimensional model of the subduction zone and shear-wave splitting measurements. Our results vastly increase the resolution of the previously identified upper mantle anomaly, further constraining its geometry both vertically and laterally. We complement our observations with a forward modeling effort aimed at assessing the geological nature of the anomaly. Specifically, we test three scenarios that were previously invoked to explain the presence of the low-velocity anomaly in the upper mantle below the KG: a 3D flow of mantle material around the corner of the subducting Pacific Plate, a sinking paleoslab left behind as a result of subduction rollback, and a plume of sediments from the subducting plate. We show that presence of remnant paleoslab

  2. A nova mulher e a transformação do romance português: revoluções sociais e literárias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maristela Kirst de Lima Girola

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Este ensaio investiga o espaço da mulher na sociedade patriarcal portuguesa em romances publicados na segunda metade do século XX: A Sibila (1954, de Agustina Bessa-Luís; O Anjo Ancorado (1958, de José Cardoso Pires; Casas Pardas (1977, de Maria Velho da Costa; História do Cerco de Lisboa (1989, de José Saramago e Não entres tão depressa nessa noite escura (2000, de António Lobo Antunes. Procuramos demonstrar como o romance, a partir da década de 50, em Portugal, passa a constituirse num espaço de discussão e reflexão acerca da nova mulher que se engendra social e literariamente. Tencionamos abordar o percurso de uma nova representação da mulher na literatura, relacionando-o às transformações da sociedade patriarcal e às mudanças estéticas do próprio gênero romanesco.Palavras-chave: Literatura portuguesa; romance da segunda metade do século XX; personagem feminina. Abstract: This essay investigates the space of women in the Portuguese patriarchal society in novels published in the second half of twentieth century: A Sibila (1954, by Agustina Bessa-Luís; O Anjo Ancorado (1958, by José Cardoso Pires; Casas Pardas (1977, by Maria Velho da Costa; História do Cerco de Lisboa (1989, by José Saramago and Não entres tão depressa nessa noite escura (2000, by António Lobo Antunes. It aims to show how the novel, since 1950’s, in Portugal, become a space for discussion about the new woman in the society and in the literature. This essay demonstrate the trajectory of a innovative form of woman’s representation in literature, connecting with social transformations and aesthetic changes in the novel genre.Keywords: Portuguese literature; twentieth century novel; feminine character.

  3. Climate variability and Port wine quality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gouveia, Celia; Liberato, Margarida L. R.; Trigo, Ricardo M.; Dacamara, Carlos

    2010-05-01

    ), suggesting that this type of analysis may be used in developing a tool that may help anticipating a vintage year, based on already available seasonal climate outlooks. Célia Gouveia and Ricardo M. Trigo. "Influence of climate variability on wheat production in Portugal". GeoENV2006- 6th International Conference on Geostatistics for Environmental Applications, Rhodes, October, 25-27, 2006 Miranda, P.M.A., F. Coelho, A. R. Tomé, M. A Valente., A. Carvalho, C. Pires, H. O. Pires, V. C. Cabrinha and C. Ramalho (2002) "20th Century Portuguese Climate and Climate Scenarios", in Santos, F.D., K Forbes and R. Moita (eds) Climate Change in Portugal: Scenarios, Impacts and Adptation Measures", 27-83. Gradiva

  4. Paisagens degradadas do município de Palmelo (Goiás: o estudo das voçorocas via trabalho de campo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vandervilson Alves Carneiro

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available A presente contribuição apresenta algumas considerações sobre a dinâmica dos processos de degradação da paisagem do tipo voçorocas no Município de Palmelo, Estado de Goiás, localizado na Microrregião de Pires do Rio. Através de trabalho de campo, as voçorocas localizadas em áreas rurais do município e que apresentam comprometimento do lençol freático foram devidamente mapeadas e catalogadas. Infelizmente, nota-se que as voçorocas continuam em franca expansão, pois não há nenhuma medida ou projeto que vise à contenção, à interrupção ou à redução destas voçorocas por parte do poder público local. Adicionalmente, o descarte clandestino de lixo, entulho e refugos de origens diversas continuam sendo lançados nestas estruturas, comprometendo a saúde da população rural e a qualidade do lençol freático associado. Dessa forma, o estudo de caso detalhado e pormenorizado das voçorocas, bem como sua catalogação e identificação, propõem sugestões básicas úteis para contenção e a interrupção do descarte clandestino de entulho e lixo, acidentes, quedas e mortes, bem como dirimir este importante fator de degradação da paisagem. Abstract THE DEGRADED LANDSCAPES OF THE PALMELO MUNICIPALITY IN GOIAS STATE: THE STUDY OF THE GULLIES BY MEANS OF FIELDWORK This work presents some considerations about the dynamics of degraded landscapes processes, like gullies, located in Palmelo, Goiás State, within Pires do Rio Microregion. Throughout a complete fieldwork, the gullies, in rural areas, that threat to underlying water table were mapped and cataloged. Unfortunately, one notices that gullies continually increase in size and number, mainly because there are no projects in order to restraint or reduce them promoted by local government. Besides, the illegal disposing of great amounts of waste still into the gullies, affects the quality of people’s life as well as the water table associated to them. Nevertheless, a very

  5. Canine oral cavity neoplasias - Brief review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Filipe Requicha

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT. Requicha J.F., Pires M. dos A., Albuquerque C.M. & Viegas C.A. [Canine oral cavity neoplasias - Brief review.] Neoplasias da cavidade oral do cão - Breve revisão. Revista Brasileira de Medicina Veterinária, 37(1:41-46, 2015. Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária, Universidade Lusófona de Humanidades e Tecnologias, Campo Grande, 1749-024 Lisboa, Portugal e Department of Veterinary Sciences, School of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences, University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, P.O. Box 1013, 5001-801 Vila Real, Portugal. E-mail: jfrequicha@gmail.com Oral proliferative lesions are relatively common in domestic carnivores but, fortunately, a lot of these lesions are benign. The oral cavity is place of 6% of all tumours in dogs, being the sixth most important localization of neoplasias in this specie. The non-odontogenic tumors arise from structures of the oral cavity, except from dental tissue, and they are mostly malignant. Odontogenic tumors are those originated from the dental structures. In the case of tumors of non-odontogenic, will be described the oral papillomatosis, the melanoma, the squamous cell carcinoma, and the fibrosarcoma. Among the odontogenic tumors, the focus will be on the epulides, ameloblastoma, odontoma and dentigerous cysts.

  6. A new species of Callicebus Thomas, 1903 (Primates, Pitheciidae from the states of Mato Grosso and Pará, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Gualda-Barros

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A new species of titi monkey, genus Callicebus Thomas, 1903, is described based on four individuals, one from a small tributary of the left bank of Rio Teles Pires, northern state of Mato Grosso, and three others from Largo do Souza, Rio Iriri, Pará, Brazil. The new species belongs to the Callicebus moloch species group, and the main diagnostic characteristics of the new species are the whitish forehead, sideburns and beard coloration, which are contiguous, forming a frame around the blackish face; overall body pelage coloration is pale grayish-brown agouti; hands, feet and tip of the tail whitish; belly and inner sides of fore and hind limbs uniformly orange. The pattern of pelage coloration and qualitative and quantitative skull morphology are described and compared to the other species of the Callicebus moloch group. Species of the Callicebus moloch group show great similarity in skull morphology and morphometrics, making the external morphological characters, specially the chromatic fields, the most reliable diagnostic trait to identify the species.

  7. Une énergie, des énergies

    CERN Document Server

    Salviat, Béatrice; Allégraud, Katia

    2015-01-01

    Pour se chauffer, se déplacer, communiquer, agir en artiste, l'énergie est indispensable. Omniprésente dans les débats géopolitiques, galvaudée par les slogans publicitaires, l'énergie hante notre société. Elle se conserve, mais s'épuise. Elle se manifeste partout, dans l'eau qui coule, dans les atomes qui se désintègrent ou fusionnent, mais pas toujours sous la forme qui conviendrait au moment voulu. Et pire, la voilà désormais associée aux pollutions ! Cet ouvrage présente dans une première partie les signes perceptibles de l'énergie dans notre vie quotidienne (le feu, la vapeur...), puis ceux qui se produisent en nous et autour de nous, du vivant végétal (qui transforme l'énergie lumineuse en énergie chimique) jusqu'aux confins de l'Univers. La deuxième partie raconte la manière dont les humains détournent à leur profit ces transformations énergétiques diverses pour se nourrir, se déplacer, se loger, fabriquer des objets, alimenter leurs industries, créer ou communiquer. La tr...

  8. Selection of grapevine leaf varieties for culinary process based on phytochemical composition and antioxidant properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lima, Adriano; Bento, Albino; Baraldi, Ilton; Malheiro, Ricardo

    2016-12-01

    Grapevine leaves are an abundant sub-product of vineyards which is devalued in many regions. The objective of this work is to study the antioxidant activity and phytochemical composition of ten grapevine leaf varieties (four red varieties: Tinta Amarela, Tinta Roriz, Touriga Franca, and Touriga Nacional; and six white varieties: Côdega do Larinho, Fernão Pires, Gouveio, Malvasia Fina, Rabigato, and Viosinho) to select varieties to be used as food ingredients. White grapevine leaves revealed higher antioxidant potential. Malvasia Fina reported better antioxidant properties contrasting with Touriga Franca. Phenolic content varied between 112 and 150mgGAEg(-1) of extract (gallic acid equivalents), hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives and flavonols varied between 76 and 108mgCAEg(-1) of extract (caffeic acid equivalents) and 39 and 54mgQEg(-1) of extract (quercetin equivalents). Malvasia Fina is a good candidate for culinary treatment due to its antioxidant properties and composition in bioactive compounds. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. CBIOS Science Sessions - 2014 - Part II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Elisabete Pires et al.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available A visit to the past through ancient DNA analysis; Uma visita ao passado através da análise de DNA antigo; Ana Elisabete Pires Molecular and serological evaluation of vector-borne diseases infection in dogs with non-Hodgkin lymphoma; Análise molecular e sorológica da infecção por doenças transmitidas por vetores em cães com linfoma não-Hodgkin; Henriques, J.; Almeida B.; Ramos, J.; Pereira V.; Santos, A.S.; Sousa, R.; Heeney, J.; Dobson, J. & Alves, M. Time-lapse imaging in the IVF laboratory: clinical applications through understanding embryo development; Imagem de "time-lapse" no laboratório FIV: aplicações clínicas através do desenvolvimento embrionário; Ana Sousa Lopes Ionic liquids synthesis and their application in drug delivery systems; Síntese de líquidos iónicos e sua aplicação em sistemas de veiculação; Tânia Almeida

  10. Sunyaev-Zeldovich Predictions for the Atacama Cosmology Telescope

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menanteau, Felipe; Hughes, J. P.; Jimenez, R.; Barkhouse, W.; Berta, Z.; Hansen, S.; Hernandez-Monteagudo, C.; Kosowsky, A.; Lin, Y. T.; Moodley, K.; Ngeow, C.; Roche, N.; Spergel, D.; Tucker, D.; Verde, L.

    2007-05-01

    We present predictions for the microwave sky in a low-extinction region centered near RA = 23:00 and Dec = -55:12, which will be surveyed in the coming year at 145 GHz by the Atacama Cosmology Telescope (ACT, PI: Lyman Page) and in the X-ray band by XMM-Newton (PI: Hans Boehringer). The predictions are based on Sunyaev-Zeldovich distortions drawn from optical data collected by the Blanco Cosmology Survey (BCS). We also compare the predictions with X-ray data from the ROSAT All Sky Survey. The BCS (PI: Joe Mohr) is a NOAO large, wide-field survey project that has been awarded 45 nights on the CTIO Blanco 4-meter telescope to image two 50 square-degree patches of the southern sky in four bands (griz). The survey began in 2005 and has completed two (out of three) years of data taking. A preliminary automated image reduction and analysis pipeline for the BCS data is briefly summarized. Financial support was provided by the NSF under the PIRE program (OISE-0530095).

  11. DC-bus voltage control of grid-connected voltage source converter by using space vector modulated direct power control under unbalanced network conditions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Xiao, Lei; Huang, Shoudao; Lu, Kaiyuan

    2013-01-01

    Unbalanced grid voltage will cause large dc-bus voltage ripple and introduce high harmonic current components on the grid side. This will severely threaten the safety of the grid-connected voltage source converter (VSC) and consequently, affect the healthy operation condition of the load. In this......Unbalanced grid voltage will cause large dc-bus voltage ripple and introduce high harmonic current components on the grid side. This will severely threaten the safety of the grid-connected voltage source converter (VSC) and consequently, affect the healthy operation condition of the load....... In this study, a new proportional-integral-resonant (PI-RES) controller-based, space vector modulated direct power control topology is proposed to suppress the dc-bus voltage ripple and in the same time, controlling effectively the instantaneous power of the VSC. A special ac reactive power reference component...... is introduced in the controller, which is necessary in order to reduce the dc-bus voltage ripple and active power harmonics at the same time. The proposed control topology is implemented in the lab. Simulation and experimental results are provided to validate its performance and the analysis presented...

  12. IMB2026791, a Xanthone, Stimulates Cholesterol Efflux by Increasing the Binding of Apolipoprotein A-I to ATP-Binding Cassette Transporter A1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zijian Xie

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available It is known that the ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1 plays a major role in cholesterol homeostasis and high density lipoprotein (HDL metabolism. Several laboratories have demonstrated that ABCA1 binding to lipid-poor apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I will mediate the assembly of nascent HDL and cellular cholesterol efflux, which suggests a possible receptor-ligand interaction between ABCA1 and apoA-I. In this study, a cell-based-ELISA-like high-throughput screening (HTS method was developed to identify the synthetic and natural compounds that can regulate binding activity of ABCA1 to apoA-I. The cell-based-ELISA-like high-throughput screen was conducted in a 96-well format using Chinese hamster ovary (CHO cells stably transfected with ABCA1 pIRE2-EGFP (Enhanced Green Fluorecence Protein expression vector and the known ABCA1 inhibitor glibenclamide as the antagonist control. From 2,600 compounds, a xanthone compound (IMB 2026791 was selected using this HTS assay, and it was proved as an apoA-I binding agonist to ABCA1 by a flow cytometry assay and western blot analysis. The [3H] cholesterol efflux assay of IMB2026791 treated ABCA1-CHO cells and PMA induced THP-1 macrophages (human acute monocytic leukemia cell further confirmed the compound as an accelerator of cholesterol efflux in a dose-dependent manner with an EC50 of 25.23 μM.

  13. Petascale Many Body Methods for Complex Correlated Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pruschke, Thomas

    2012-02-01

    Correlated systems constitute an important class of materials in modern condensed matter physics. Correlation among electrons are at the heart of all ordering phenomena and many intriguing novel aspects, such as quantum phase transitions or topological insulators, observed in a variety of compounds. Yet, theoretically describing these phenomena is still a formidable task, even if one restricts the models used to the smallest possible set of degrees of freedom. Here, modern computer architectures play an essential role, and the joint effort to devise efficient algorithms and implement them on state-of-the art hardware has become an extremely active field in condensed-matter research. To tackle this task single-handed is quite obviously not possible. The NSF-OISE funded PIRE collaboration ``Graduate Education and Research in Petascale Many Body Methods for Complex Correlated Systems'' is a successful initiative to bring together leading experts around the world to form a virtual international organization for addressing these emerging challenges and educate the next generation of computational condensed matter physicists. The collaboration includes research groups developing novel theoretical tools to reliably and systematically study correlated solids, experts in efficient computational algorithms needed to solve the emerging equations, and those able to use modern heterogeneous computer architectures to make then working tools for the growing community.

  14. Acetylcholine content and viability of cholinergic neurons are influenced by the activity of protein histidine phosphatase

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Background The first mammalian protein histidine phosphatase (PHP) was discovered in the late 90s of the last century. One of the known substrates of PHP is ATP-citrate lyase (ACL), which is responsible - amongst other functions - for providing acetyl-CoA for acetylcholine synthesis in neuronal tissues. It has been shown in previous studies that PHP downregulates the activity of ACL by dephosphorylation. According to this our present work focused on the influence of PHP activity on the acetylcholine level in cholinergic neurons. Results The amount of PHP in SN56 cholinergic neuroblastoma cells was increased after overexpression of PHP by using pIRES2-AcGFP1-PHP as a vector. We demonstrated that PHP overexpression reduced the acetylcholine level and induced cell death. The acetylcholine content of SN56 cells was measured by fast liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method. Overexpression of the inactive H53A-PHP mutant also induced cell damage, but in a significantly reduced manner. However, this overexpression of the inactive PHP mutant did not change the acetylcholine content of SN56 cells significantly. In contrast, PHP downregulation, performed by RNAi-technique, did not induce cell death, but significantly increased the acetylcholine content in SN56 cells. Conclusions We could show for the first time that PHP downregulation increased the acetylcholine level in SN56 cells. This might be a potential therapeutic strategy for diseases involving cholinergic deficits like Alzheimer's disease. PMID:22436051

  15. Capoeira Angola and its relations with the myth of Brazilian racial democracy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Balaguer

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Capoeira is a cultural manifestation widely known as part of Brazilian identity and culture both by Brazilians and foreigners. Nevertheless, for being originally a black popular culture, it must be understood in relation to the dominant culture, where elements of resistance and consent are present (HALL, 2013. In the nineteenth and in the beginning of the twentieth century, capoeira was strongly repressed by the State, driving the blacks away from the construction of national identity based on racial and ethnic grounds (REIS, 2000. In the 30's, a new narrative of Brazilian identity, known as Brazilian racial democracy, treasured the cultural and biological integration of the three existing races in Brazil (SCHWARZ, 2012; MUNANGA, 1996. Along with other cultural and religious manifestations, capoeira is now valued and integrated into the State (PIRES, 2010. The text aims at raising aspects that allow a reappraisal of how the Angola capoeira relates to racial and ethnic issues, based on questioning the myth of racial democracy and the contribution of cultural studies (MUNANGA, 1996; CARONE; BENTO, 2002; HALL, 2013.

  16. Evaluation of Co and Cr mobility in soil profiles collected in a scrapyard of impounded vehicles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lange, Camila N.; Figueiredo, Ana Maria G., E-mail: clange@usp.br, E-mail: anamaria@ipen.br [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Enzweiler, Jacinta, E-mail: jacinta@ige.unicamp.br [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, SP (Brazil). Instituto de Geociencias

    2015-07-01

    The number of motor vehicles in urban environments has increased dramatically in the past years. As a result, so has the number of impounded and end-of-life vehicles. Car wastes can have a very high metal content, which can cause important environmental impacts to the soil where these vehicles are kept. Most Brazilian vehicle impound scrapyards are currently operating at their maximum capacity and soils may have become contaminated by past or current vehicle handling practices. Most of these areas do not present an impermeable surface. The level of soil contamination with heavy metals depends on the type of soil, climate and management practices. Metals, such as Co and Cr, that are present in many auto-parts, may be considered potentially toxic elements in these areas. The aim of this study was to evaluate Co and Cr levels and behavior in soil profiles located in a scrapyard of impounded vehicles of Ribeirao Pires-SP city. For this purpose, samples from distinct horizons of three soil profiles were collected. Element concentrations were determined by Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis (INAA). Soil parameters such as pH, organic matter content and clay, silt and sand percentage were also determined. The obtained data were statistically analyzed in order to establish correlations between elemental concentrations and the impounded vehicles scrapyard soil. Soil acidity showed to be the most remarkable property for Cr and Co mobility through soil profile. (author)

  17. Study on detection of mutation DNA fragment in gastric cancer by restriction endonuclease fingerprinting with capillary electrophoresis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Rong; Xie, Hua; Xu, Yue-Bing; Jia, Zheng-Ping; Meng, Xian-Dong; Zhang, Juan-Hong; Ma, Jun; Wang, Juan; Wang, Xian-Hua

    2012-03-01

    The DNA fragment detection focusing technique has further enhanced the sensitivity and information of DNA targets. The DNA fragment detection method was established by capillary electrophoresis with laser-induced fluorescence detection and restriction endonuclease chromatographic fingerprinting (CE-LIF-REF) in our experiment. The silica capillary column was coated with short linear polyarclarylamide (SLPA) using nongel sieving technology. The excision product of various restricted enzymes of DNA fragments was obtained by REF with the molecular biology software Primer Premier 5. The PBR322/BsuRI DNA marker was used to establish the optimization method. The markers were focused electrophoretically and detected by CE-LIF. The results demonstrate that the CE-LIF-REF with SLPA can improve separation, sensitivity and speed of analysis. This technique may be applied to analysis of the excision product of various restricted enzymes of prokaryotic plasmid (pIRES2), eukaryote plasmid (pcDNA3.1) and the PCR product of codon 248 region of gastric cancer tissue. The results suggest that this method could very sensitively separate the excision products of various restricted enzymes at a much better resolution than the traditional agarose electrophoresis. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  18. A new species of Corydoras Lacépède (Siluriformes: Callichthyidae from the Rio Tapajós basin and its phylogenetic implications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vinicius C. Espíndola

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A new species of Corydoras is described from tributaries of the rio Arinos, rio Teles Pires and rio Preto, all in the rio Tapajós basin. The new species is a member of a group that includes 36 species with spots on the body. Within this group, the new species can be readily distinguished by having a smaller dorsal-fin spine than the first three subsequent soft dorsal-fin rays; pectoral, pelvic and anal fins hyaline; dorsal-fin interradial membrane hyaline; rounded spots on trunk restricted to dorsolateral body plates and dorsal portion of ventrolateral body plates, not reaching the base of pelvic and anal fins. The new species can be further distinguished from Corydoras xinguensis by having spots with diffuse edges, and from all other species of spotted Corydoras except C.multimaculatus, by the absence of ventral platelets. A phylogenetic analysis recovered the new species plus Corydoras metae and C.araguaiensis in a clade sharing the presence of a pointed process on the maxilla for insertion of the retractor tentaculi muscle. In addition, the presence in the new species of an elongated anterior portion of the mesethmoid and a triangular uncinate process of the epibranchial 3 suggests a close relationship with Corydoras metae.

  19. On the spreading and instability of gravity current fronts of arbitrary shape

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zgheib, N.; Bonometti, T.; Balachandar, S.

    2012-11-01

    Experiments, simulations and theoretical analysis were carried out to study the influence of geometry on the spreading of gravity currents. The horizontal spreading of three different intial planforms of initial release were investigated: an extended ellipse, a cross, and a circle. The experiments used a pulley system for a swift nearly instantaneous release. The case of the axisymmetric cylinder compared favorably with earlier simulations. We ran experiments for multiple aspect ratios for all three configurations. Perhaps the most intriguing of the three cases is the ``ellipse,'' which within a short period of release flipped the major and minor axes. This behavior cannot be captured by current theoretical methods (such as the Box Model). These cases have also been investigated using shallow water and direct numerical simulations. Also, in this study, we investigate the possibility of a Rayleigh-Taylor (RT) instability of the radially moving, but decelerating front. We present a simple theoretical framework based on the inviscid Shallow Water Equations. The theoretical results are supplemented and compared to highly resolved three-dimensional simulations with the Boussinesq approximation. Chateaubriand Fellowship - NSF PIRE grant OISE-0968313.

  20. Equilibrium charge fluctuations of a charge detector and its effect on a nearby quantum dot

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruiz-Tijerina, David; Vernek, Edson; Ulloa, Sergio

    2014-03-01

    We study the Kondo state of a spin-1/2 quantum dot (QD), in close proximity to a quantum point contact (QPC) charge detector near the conductance regime of the 0.7 anomaly. The electrostatic coupling between the QD and QPC introduces a remote gate on the QD level, which varies with the QPC gate voltage. Furthermore, models for the 0.7 anomaly [Y. Meir et al., PRL 89,196802(2002)] suggest that the QPC lodges a Kondo-screened level with charge-correlated hybridization, which may be also affected by capacitive coupling to the QD, giving rise to a competition between the two Kondo ground states. We model the QD-QPC system as two capacitively-coupled Kondo impurities, and explore the zero-bias transport of both the QD and the QPC for different local gate voltages and coupling strengths, using the numerical renormalization group and variational methods. We find that the capacitive coupling produces a remote gating effect, non-monotonic in the gate voltages, which reduces the gate voltage window for Kondo screening in either impurity, and which can also drive a quantum phase transition out of the Kondo regime. Our study is carried out for intermediate coupling strengths, and as such is highly relevant to experiments; particularly, to recent studies of decoherence effects on QDs. Supported by MWN/CIAM and NSF PIRE.

  1. GONAF - A Deep Geophysical Observatory at the North Anatolian Fault

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bohnhoff, Marco

    2014-01-01

    An outline was given of the GONAF (Deep Geophysical Observatory at the North Anatolian Fault Zone) project operating at the Marmara seismic gap of the North Anatolian Fault Zone. The Princes Island Segment is a part of the North Anatolian Fault Zone in Marmara seismic gap. This segment is a remaining part of the recent rupture of the North Anatolian Fault. Further, the rupture of this part is predicted to occur in the near future. The primary objectives of the project are to collect seismograms of small earthquakes with magnitudes less than zero using borehole observations with low noise, to gain new insight into the physical states of critically stressed fault segments during and after large earthquakes, and to monitor progressive damage evolution at fault asperities. There were explanations about the seismic network in the region, the recent micro-earthquake observation, and the project's PIRES (Princes Islands Real time Permanent Seismic Network). For the GONAF project, a network of eight borehole arrays with five-level seismometers, including a ground surface of 300-m boreholes, is planned. Horizontal arrays on the surface of an island in the Marmara Sea have also been deployed. In addition, deployment of a permanent ocean bottom seismometer is planned as part of the GONAF+ plan in 2014. (author)

  2. Comparison of total Hg results in sediment samples from Rio Grande reservoir determine by NAA and CV AAS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Franklin, Robson L.

    2011-01-01

    The Rio Grande reservoir is located in the Metropolitan area of Sao Paulo and it is used for recreation purposes and as source water for drinking water production. During the last decades has been detected mercury contamination in the sediments of this reservoir, mainly in the eastern part, near the main affluent of the reservoir, in the Rio Grande da Serra and Ribeirao Pires counties. In the present study bottom sediment samples were collected in four different sites into four sampling campaigns during the period of September 2008 to January 2010. The samples were dried at room temperature, ground and passed through a 2 mm sieve. Total Hg determination in the sediment samples was carried out by two different analytical techniques: neutron activation analysis (NAA) and cold vapor atomic absorption spectrometry (CV AAS). The methodology validation, in terms of precision and accuracy, was performed by reference materials, and presented a recovery of 83 to 108%. The total Hg results obtained by both analytical techniques ranged from 3 to 71 mg kg-1 and were considered similar by statistical analysis, even though NAA technique furnishes the total concentration while CV AAS using the 3015 digestion procedure characterizes only the bioavailable Hg. These results confirm that both analytical techniques were suitable to detect the Hg concentration levels in the Rio Grande sediments studied. The Hg levels in the sediment of the Rio Grande reservoir confirm the anthropogenic origin for this element in this ecosystem. (author)

  3. Simulating tokamak PFC performance using simultaneous dual beam particle loading with pulsed heat loading

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinclair, Gregory; Gonderman, Sean; Tripathi, Jitendra; Ray, Tyler; Hassanein, Ahmed

    2017-10-01

    The performance of plasma facing components (PFCs) in a fusion device are expected to change due to high flux particle loading during operation. Tungsten (W) is a promising PFC candidate material, due to its high melting point, high thermal conductivity, and low tritium retention. However, ion irradiation of D and He have each shown to diminish the thermal strength of W. This work investigates the synergistic effect between ion species, using dual beam irradiation, on the thermal response of W during ELM-like pulsed heat loading. Experiments studied three different loading conditions: laser, laser + He+, and laser + He+ + D+. 100 eV He+ and D+ exposures used a flux of 3.0-3.5 x 1020 m-2 s-1. ELM-like loading was applied using a pulsed Nd:YAG laser at an energy density of 0.38-1.51 MJ m-2 (3600 1 ms pulses at 1 Hz). SEM imaging revealed that laser + He+ loading at 0.76 MJ m-2 caused surface melting, inhibiting fuzz formation. Increasing the laser fluence decreased grain size and increased surface pore density. Thermally-enhanced migration of trapped gases appear to reflect resultant molten morphology. This work was supported by the National Science Foundation PIRE project.

  4. Aspectos Socioambientais da Comercialização de Pequi em Goiás

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cleiton Silva Oliveira

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO O pequizeiro fornece frutos tradicionalmente utilizados na culinária goiana e regiões do bioma Cerrado. Partindo da análise da comercialização de pequi na Central de Abastecimento de Goiás S/A (Ceasa - GO e em feiras locais (Ipameri e Pires do Rio - GO, o presente estudo avalia a importância da espécie e ameaças relacionadas ao extrativismo. Os dados revelaram 12 microrregiões produtoras de pequi no estado, sendo comercializados 5,5 mil toneladas de pequi em 2011, com o preço da caixa variando de 25 a 40 reais. Nas feiras, o preço pago por litro em 2010 foi de cinco reais, com um percentual crescente de interessados na venda desse produto não madeireiro. Chama atenção a variação no preço pago ao pequi e mudanças nas regiões produtoras em Goiás, além da aquisição desse produto de outros estados. Para suprir a demanda crescente de pequi, sugere-se, além do extrativismo responsável, o plantio da espécie no Cerrado, em pomares ou sistemas agroflorestais.

  5. Evaluation of Co and Cr mobility in soil profiles collected in a scrapyard of impounded vehicles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lange, Camila N.; Figueiredo, Ana Maria G.; Enzweiler, Jacinta

    2015-01-01

    The number of motor vehicles in urban environments has increased dramatically in the past years. As a result, so has the number of impounded and end-of-life vehicles. Car wastes can have a very high metal content, which can cause important environmental impacts to the soil where these vehicles are kept. Most Brazilian vehicle impound scrapyards are currently operating at their maximum capacity and soils may have become contaminated by past or current vehicle handling practices. Most of these areas do not present an impermeable surface. The level of soil contamination with heavy metals depends on the type of soil, climate and management practices. Metals, such as Co and Cr, that are present in many auto-parts, may be considered potentially toxic elements in these areas. The aim of this study was to evaluate Co and Cr levels and behavior in soil profiles located in a scrapyard of impounded vehicles of Ribeirao Pires-SP city. For this purpose, samples from distinct horizons of three soil profiles were collected. Element concentrations were determined by Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis (INAA). Soil parameters such as pH, organic matter content and clay, silt and sand percentage were also determined. The obtained data were statistically analyzed in order to establish correlations between elemental concentrations and the impounded vehicles scrapyard soil. Soil acidity showed to be the most remarkable property for Cr and Co mobility through soil profile. (author)

  6. An Assessment of Academic Production of Recent Business Clusters in BrazilHttp://Dx.Doi.Org/10.5585/Riae.V10i1.1717

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Paulo Lara de Siqueira

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Researchers often face difficulties when identifying the principal texts and authors in a field of knowledge of interest to them, especially in areas that are not consolidated, as in the case of business clusters. This study’s objective is to identify the most important authors of recent papers on business clusters, in terms of production volume and number of citations, and which international authors play a major influence on the national research in this area. The study was conceived with a sample of the literature of interest constituted by the works presented in the EnANPAD and Semead events, between 1997 and 2008. The bibliometric technique was adopted - a quantitative and statistical method to measure the production and dissemination of scientific knowledge -. Our findings demonstrate that Toledo, Szafir-Goldstein and Câmara are the most published national authors. The researchers having the largest number of citations are Casarotto Filho, Pires, Amato Neto, Toledo and Zaccarelli. International authors possessing a higher number of citations are Michael Porter and others related to the field of economics. The study suggests that the national literature concerned with clusters is more disperse than in other branches of knowledge.

  7. Protection from radiation injury through oral administration of PF4 gene carried by attenuated salmonella

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhao Lihua; Liu Bin; Yu Xiaofei; Zhang Lei; Han Zhongchao

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the in vivo radiation protection effect of PF4 by oral administration of attenuated salmonella as the carrier in mice. Methods: The eukaryotic vector pIRES2-EGFP-carried PF4 gene was transferred into an aroA-autotrophic mutant of salmonella typhimurium (SL3261), which was administered orally to BALBPc mice at 1x10 8 PFu once every interval three days. At 12 hours after the third oral administration the mice were subjected to a total body irradiation (TBI) of 700 cGy by a 60 Co source. The protective effect of SL3261/PF4 was determined by detection GFP ( green fluorescence protein) expression in tissues, peripheral blood count, culture of bone marrow colony-forming cells and survival time of mice. Results: Expression of GFP could be detected in the liver, spleen, intestine, kidney, peripheral blood and bone marrow. On days 7 and 14 after irradiation, Compared to controls, there were obvious differences in number of bone marrow mononuclear cells, CFU-GM (granulocyte-macrophage colony-forming unit ) and HPP-CFC (high proliferating potential-colony-forming cells) of mice treated with SL3261/PF4 (P<0.05) as well as prolongation of the survival time. Conclusion: These data demonstrate for the first time that PF4 protects mice from TBI injury and accelerates recovery of hematopoiesis by oral administration of attenuated salmonella carrying PF4 gene. (authors)

  8. HUBUNGAN PEMAHAMAN IBU TENTANG PESAN GIZI SEIMBANG DENGAN STATUS GIZI ANAK PRASEKOLAH DI TK IT AULADUNA KOTA BENGKULU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emy Yuliantini

    2015-09-01

    Pengetahuan ibu tentang gizi seimbang sangatlah penting, mengingat peran ibu dalam keluarga sebagai pengelola makanan. Ibu yang tidak tahu gizi makanan, akan menghidangkan makanan yang tidak seimbang gizinya. Agar tubuh tetap sehat dan terhindar dari berbagai penyakit kronis atau penyakit tidak menular (PTM terkait gizi, maka pola makan masyarakat perlu diarahkan ke konsumsi gizi seimbang. Upaya yang dilakukan dalam memantau status gizi dengan mengatur pola makan yang baik. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui pemahaman ibu tentang tumpeng gizi seimbang dengan status gizi anak prasekolah di TK IT Auladuna Kota Bengkulu. Desain penelitian ini adalah observasional dengan metode cross sectional di TK IT Auladuna Kota Bengkulu. Populasi penelitian adalah anak prasekolah. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan cara proporsional sampel sebanyak 68 orang. Data tentang pengetahuan ibu dilakukan dengan wawancara menggunakan kuesioner dan data pengukuran BB dan TB anak dilakukan dengan melakukan penimbangan dan pengukuran menggunakan alat terstandar. Berdasarkan uji chi-square diperoleh hasil bahwa hanya pengetahuan tentang tumpeng gizi seimbang ada hubungan nyata dengan status gizi (p< 0,05, namun tidak pada pengetahuan tentang piring makanku. Pengetahuan tentang gizi seimbang perlu ditingkatkan pada semua kelompok masyarakat khususnya pada ibu yang mempunyai anak prasekolah.

  9. Gas-phase chemistry of actinides ions: new insights into the reaction of UO+ and UO+2 with H2O

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Michelini, M.D.C.; Russo, N.; Sicilia, E.

    2007-01-01

    Complete text of publication follows: Reaction pathways for the interaction of uranium monoxide cations with water were studied by using different approaches of Density Functional Theory. Firstly, relativistic small-core pseudopotentials were used together with B3LYP hybrid functional. In addition, frozen-core PW91-PW91 calculations were performed within the ZORA approximation. A close description of the reaction mechanisms leading to different dissociation channels is presented, including all the involved minima and transition states [1]. Different possible spin states were considered as well as the effect of spin-orbit interactions (SO-ZORA) on the transition state barrier heights. The obtained results are compared with recent experimental data [2] as well as with previous theoretical studies of the reaction of bare uranium cations with water [3], in order to analyse the influence of the oxo-ligand in reactivity. References: [1] Michelini, M.C.; Russo, N.; Sicilia, E.J. Am. Chem. Soc., to be published; [2] (a) Jackson, G. P.; King, F. L.; Goeringer, D. E.; Duckworth, D. C. J. Phys. Chem. A 2002, 106, 7788; (b) Cornehl, H.H.; Wesendrup, R.; Diefenbach, M.; Schwarz, H. Chem. Eur. J. 1997, 3, 1083; (c) Gibson, J. K.; Haire, R. G.; Santos, M.; Marcalo, J.; Pires de Matos, A. J. Phys. Chem. A 2005, 109, 2768; [3] Michelini, M.C.; Russo, N.; Sicilia, E. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 2006, 45, 1095

  10. Lateral spin-orbit coupling and the Kondo effect in quantum dots

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vernek, Edson; Ngo, Anh; Ulloa, Sergio

    2010-03-01

    We present studies of the Coulomb blockade and Kondo regimes of transport of a quantum dot connected to current leads through spin-polarizing quantum point contacts (QPCs) [1]. This configuration, arising from the effect of lateral spin-orbit fields, results in spin-polarized currents even in the absence of external magnetic fields and greatly affects the correlations in the dot. Using an equation-of-motion technique and numerical renormalization group calculations we obtain the conductance and spin polarization for this system under different parameter regimes. Our results show that both the Coulomb blockade and Kondo regimes exhibit non-zero spin-polarized conductance. We analyze the role that the spin-dependent tunneling amplitudes of the QPC play in determining the charge and net magnetic moment in the dot. We find that the Kondo regime exhibits a strongly dependent Kondo temperature on the QPC polarizability. These effects, controllable by lateral gate voltages, may provide a new approach for exploring Kondo correlations, as well as possible spin devices. Supported by NSF DMR-MWN and PIRE. [1] P. Debray et al., Nature Nanotech. 4, 759 (2009).

  11. Flow Characteristics of Ground Vehicle Wake and Its Response to Flow Control

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sellappan, Prabu; McNally, Jonathan; Alvi, Farrukh

    2017-11-01

    Air pollution, fuel shortages, and cost savings are some of the many incentives for improving the aerodynamics of vehicles. Reducing wake-induced aerodynamic drag, which is dependent on flow topology, on modern passenger vehicles is important for improving fuel consumption rates which directly affect the environment. In this research, an active flow control technique is applied on a generic ground vehicle, a 25°Ahmed model, to investigate its effect on the flow topology in the near-wake. The flow field of this canonical bluff body is extremely rich, with complex and unsteady flow features such as trailing wake vortices and c-pillar vortices. The spatio-temporal response of these flow features to the application of steady microjet actuators is investigated. The responses are characterized independently through time-resolved and volumetric velocity field measurements. The accuracy and cost of volumetric measurements in this complex flow field through Stereoscopic- and Tomographic- Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) will also be commented upon. National Science Foundation PIRE Program.

  12. RELATANDO E REFLETINDO SOBRE AS EXPERIÊNCIAS DO PIBID BIOLOGIA (IF GOIANO - CÂMPUS URUTAÍ NO PERÍODO DE 2011 A 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Randys Caldeira Gonçalves

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo desse trabalho é relatar as experiências do PIBID Biologia (IF Goiano – Câmpus Urutaí, com destaque para as ações realizadas no Subprojeto de Ciências Biológicas; a visão dos supervisores bolsistas acerca da atuação e contribuição do programa na escola conveniada e na formação docente dos licenciandos; bem como a visão dos alunos bolsistas acerca da importância do subprojeto. Para a realização desse trabalho foi utilizada uma metodologia descritiva analítica, por meio da qual as atividades desenvolvidas foram relatadas de forma crítica e reflexiva. O Subprojeto de Ciências Biológicas (PIBID/IF Goiano – Câmpus Urutaí atualmente conta com 15 alunos bolsistas e 3 professores supervisores do Colégio Estadual Professor Ivan Ferreira (CEPIF, Pires do Rio, GO. De modo geral, pode-se dizer que as atividades desenvolvidas têm atingindo positivamente não apenas os alunos bolsistas, mas também a melhoria de aspectos diversos ligados ao ensino de Biologia na escola conveniada. O PIBID-Biologia tem possibilitado aos seus bolsistas uma aproximação de sua futura atuação profissional.

  13. Hollow laser plasma self-confined microjet generation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sizyuk, Valeryi; Hassanein, Ahmed; CenterMaterials under Extreme Environment Team

    2017-10-01

    Hollow laser beam produced plasma (LPP) devices are being used for the generation of the self-confined cumulative microjet. Most important place by this LPP device construction is achieving of an annular distribution of the laser beam intensity by spot. An integrated model is being developed to detailed simulation of the plasma generation and evolution inside the laser beam channel. The model describes in two temperature approximation hydrodynamic processes in plasma, laser absorption processes, heat conduction, and radiation energy transport. The total variation diminishing scheme in the Lax-Friedrich formulation for the description of plasma hydrodynamic is used. Laser absorption and radiation transport models on the base of Monte Carlo method are being developed. Heat conduction part on the implicit scheme with sparse matrixes using is realized. The developed models are being integrated into HEIGHTS-LPP computer simulation package. The integrated modeling of the hollow beam laser plasma generation showed the self-confinement and acceleration of the plasma microjet inside the laser channel. It was found dependence of the microjet parameters including radiation emission on the hole and beam radiuses ratio. This work is supported by the National Science Foundation, PIRE project.

  14. Speed Bumps on the Road to Sustainability - Energy Technology and Geopolitics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mandil, C.; Taylor, P.; Van Der Linde, C.; Buchner, B.; Ramsay, W.C.; Lipponen, J.; Meier, A.; Berkeley, L.; Di Paola-Galloni, J.L.; Jaureguy-Naudin, M.; Charpin, J.M.; Segar, Ch.; Zaleski, P.; Lesourne, J.; Pires Santos, A.; Menard, D.; Neuhoff, K.; Oettinger, G.

    2011-07-01

    This document gathers the slides of the available presentations given at the 2011 issue of the annual Conference of the Ifri (French Institute of International Relations) Energy Program: 1 - An Energy revolution under way (Peter Taylor, Head of the Energy Technology Division, International Energy Agency); 2 - A look back at Cancun: 'top down' versus 'bottom up' (Barbara Buchner, Director of the CPI - Climate Policy Initiative - Venice office; 3 - CCS: Still in the Starting Blocks? (Juho Lipponen, Head of CCS Unit, International Energy Agency); 4 - Energy Efficiency: Does Anyone Care? (Alan Meier, Senior Scientist and Principal Investigator, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory); 5 - The Transport Sector: Anything Goes? (Jean-Luc di Paola-Galloni, Corporate Vice-President, Sustainable Development and External Affairs, Valeo Group); 6 - The Mediterranean Ring: Power or Politics? (Jean-Michel Charpin, Inspecteur General des Finances); 7 - Iran gas and Iraq oil (Chris Segar, Regional Analyst/Middle East and North Africa, International Energy Agency); 8 - Nuclear Power: New Players, New Game, New Rules (Pierre Zaleski, General delegate for the Center of Geopolitics of Energy and Raw Materials, Universite Paris-Dauphine); 9 - The Grid: a Generic Speed Bump (Antonio Pires Santos, Energy and Utilities Industry Leader, Southwest Europe, IBM); 10 - Intellectual Property Rights/Technology transfer (Dominique Menard, Partner, Hogan Lovells (Paris) LLP); 11 - Energy Markets: Conducive to Sustainability (Karsten Neuhoff, Director of the CPI - Climate Policy Initiative - Berlin office, German Institute for Economic Research, DIW Berlin)

  15. Speed Bumps on the Road to Sustainability - Energy Technology and Geopolitics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mandil, C.; Taylor, P.; Van Der Linde, C.; Buchner, B.; Ramsay, W.C.; Lipponen, J.; Meier, A.; Berkeley, L.; Di Paola-Galloni, J.L.; Jaureguy-Naudin, M.; Charpin, J.M.; Segar, Ch.; Zaleski, P.; Lesourne, J.; Pires Santos, A.; Menard, D.; Neuhoff, K.; Oettinger, G.

    2011-01-01

    This document gathers the slides of the available presentations given at the 2011 issue of the annual Conference of the Ifri (French Institute of International Relations) Energy Program: 1 - An Energy revolution under way (Peter Taylor, Head of the Energy Technology Division, International Energy Agency); 2 - A look back at Cancun: 'top down' versus 'bottom up' (Barbara Buchner, Director of the CPI - Climate Policy Initiative - Venice office; 3 - CCS: Still in the Starting Blocks? (Juho Lipponen, Head of CCS Unit, International Energy Agency); 4 - Energy Efficiency: Does Anyone Care? (Alan Meier, Senior Scientist and Principal Investigator, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory); 5 - The Transport Sector: Anything Goes? (Jean-Luc di Paola-Galloni, Corporate Vice-President, Sustainable Development and External Affairs, Valeo Group); 6 - The Mediterranean Ring: Power or Politics? (Jean-Michel Charpin, Inspecteur General des Finances); 7 - Iran gas and Iraq oil (Chris Segar, Regional Analyst/Middle East and North Africa, International Energy Agency); 8 - Nuclear Power: New Players, New Game, New Rules (Pierre Zaleski, General delegate for the Center of Geopolitics of Energy and Raw Materials, Universite Paris-Dauphine); 9 - The Grid: a Generic Speed Bump (Antonio Pires Santos, Energy and Utilities Industry Leader, Southwest Europe, IBM); 10 - Intellectual Property Rights/Technology transfer (Dominique Menard, Partner, Hogan Lovells (Paris) LLP); 11 - Energy Markets: Conducive to Sustainability (Karsten Neuhoff, Director of the CPI - Climate Policy Initiative - Berlin office, German Institute for Economic Research, DIW Berlin)

  16. Effects of ionizing radiation on the hematopoietic niche and treatment of acute radiation syndrome by gene therapy in highly-irradiated monkeys

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Garrigou, Ph.

    2011-01-01

    The hematopoietic stem cell niche represents a complex radiosensitive compartment whose protection is required for recovery from radiation-induced myelosuppression. We initially studied RI effects on endothelial and mesenchymal progenitors by an evaluating radiosensitivity and cell death. Then, we have proposed a new gene therapy strategy based on local and short term secretion of Sonic hedgehog morphogen to favour vascular niche repair and to stimulate residual hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells. We investigated the hematopoietic response of 8-Gy gamma irradiated monkeys to a single intra-osseous injection of xenogeneic multipotent mesenchymal stem cells transduced with a Shh pIRES2 plasmid. Thrombocytopenia and neutropenia duration were significantly reduced in grafted animals and clonogenics normalized from day 42. Areas under the curve of PLTs and ANCs between day 0 and day 30 were significantly higher in treated animals than in controls. Grafting Matrigel TM colonized or not with ASC in immunocompromised mice demonstrated a notable pro-angiogenic activity for Shh-ASC. Long term follow up (180-300 days) confirmed a durable recovery in the four grafted monkeys. Globally this study suggests that grafting Shh-multipotent stem cells may represent a new strategy to cure radiation-induced niche damage. (author)

  17. Georges et le big bang

    CERN Document Server

    Hawking, Lucy; Parsons, Gary

    2011-01-01

    Georges et Annie, sa meilleure amie, sont sur le point d'assister à l'une des plus importantes expériences scientifiques de tous les temps : explorer les premiers instants de l'Univers, le Big Bang ! Grâce à Cosmos, leur super ordinateur, et au Grand Collisionneur de hadrons créé par Éric, le père d'Annie, ils vont enfin pouvoir répondre à cette question essentielle : pourquoi existons nous ? Mais Georges et Annie découvrent qu'un complot diabolique se trame. Pire, c'est toute la recherche scientifique qui est en péril ! Entraîné dans d'incroyables aventures, Georges ira jusqu'aux confins de la galaxie pour sauver ses amis...Une plongée passionnante au coeur du Big Bang. Les toutes dernières théories de Stephen Hawking et des plus grands scientifiques actuels.

  18. APPLICATION OF PEER-TO-PEER ASSESSMENT OF WRITTEN WORKS OF STUDENTS IN STREAM INTERNAL COURSES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Д А Королев

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available At reduction of contact time in subject matters the instruments of preservation of active forms of studying for students assuming independent research work are required. One of such forms is peer-to- peer evaluation of works (peer assessment allowing to go beyond a narrow framework of automaticallychecked tests for the level of small research works. In article results of a two-year experiment on use of a piring on a stream course are given in MIEM Higher School of Economics National Research University taking into account specifics of audience rather mass online of courses.The received results and conclusions have formed a basis for modeling of ways of estimation of written works at peer-to-peer check without participation of the teacher. In an experiment schemes of estimation and motivation for management of a ratio of number of authors and reviewers have been fulfilled, and also the general questions of use of the offered system of assessment it is aware.

  19. Hypothalamic endoplasmic reticulum stress of overtrained mice after recovery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana P. Pinto

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract AIMS knowing the relationship between endoplasmic reticulum (ER stress and inflammation and based on the fact that downhill running-based overtraining (OT model increases hypothalamus levels of some pro-inflammatory cytokines, we verified the effects of three OT protocols on the levels of BiP, pIRE-1 (Ser734, pPERK (Thr981, pelF2alpha (Ser52, ATF-6 and GRP-94 proteins in the mouse hypothalamus after two weeks of recovery. METHODS the mice were randomized into control (CT, overtrained by downhill running (OTR/down, overtrained by uphill running (OTR/up and overtrained by running without inclination (OTR groups. After 2-week total recovery period (i.e., week 10, hypothalamus was removed and used for immunoblotting. RESULTS the OTR/down group exhibited high levels of BiP and ATF6. The other OT protocols showed higher levels of pPERK (Th981 and pelf-2alpha (Ser52 when compared with the CT group. CONCLUSION the current results suggest that after a 2-week total recovery period, the overtrained groups increased partially their ER stress protein levels, but without hypothalamic inflammation, which characterizes a physiological condition related to an adaptation mechanism.

  20. Major and trace elements assessment in sediment samples from Rio Grande Reservoir, by neutron activation analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Franklin, Robson L.; Ferreira, Francisco J.; Favaro, Deborah I.T.; Bevilacqua, Jose Eduardo

    2009-01-01

    The Rio Grande Reservoir, Southeast of the Sao Paulo Metropolitan Area (SPMA) supplies water for four counties (Sao Bernardo do Campo, Sao Caetano do Sul, Santo Andre and Diadema). It has been seriously affected by urban expansion, due to chaotic urban occupation and improper use of the surrounding areas. In this study bottom sediment samples were collected, by using a Van Veen sampler, during the dry and rainy seasons. Four sampling points were defined by using GPS and are located at the mouth of the Rio Grande and Ribeirao Pires Rivers, in the middle of the reservoir and near the catchment point of the water supply. The sediment samples were submitted to instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) and the following elements were determined: As, Ba, Br, Co, Cr, Cs, Rb, Sb, Sc, Se, Ta, Th, U e Zn and the rare earth elements Ce, Eu, La, Lu, Nd, Sm, Tb, Yb. Short irradiation was also performed for total Hg determination by NAA using 197 Hg radioisotope. This was possible due to the high Hg concentration levels in these sediments. The methodology validation was carried out by certified reference material analyses. The results obtained for multielemental concentrations in the sediment samples were compared to NASC (North American Shale Composite) values. The concentration values obtained for As and metals Cr, Hg and Zn in the sediment samples were compared to the Canadian Council of Minister of the Environment (CCME) oriented values (TEL and PEL values) and adopted by CETESB. (author)

  1. Barriers and Solutions to Conducting Large International, Interdisciplinary Research Projects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pischke, Erin C.; Knowlton, Jessie L.; Phifer, Colin C.; Gutierrez Lopez, Jose; Propato, Tamara S.; Eastmond, Amarella; de Souza, Tatiana Martins; Kuhlberg, Mark; Picasso Risso, Valentin; Veron, Santiago R.; Garcia, Carlos; Chiappe, Marta; Halvorsen, Kathleen E.

    2017-12-01

    Global environmental problems such as climate change are not bounded by national borders or scientific disciplines, and therefore require international, interdisciplinary teamwork to develop understandings of their causes and solutions. Interdisciplinary scientific work is difficult enough, but these challenges are often magnified when teams also work across national boundaries. The literature on the challenges of interdisciplinary research is extensive. However, research on international, interdisciplinary teams is nearly non-existent. Our objective is to fill this gap by reporting on results from a study of a large interdisciplinary, international National Science Foundation Partnerships for International Research and Education (NSF-PIRE) research project across the Americas. We administered a structured questionnaire to team members about challenges they faced while working together across disciplines and outside of their home countries in Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico. Analysis of the responses indicated five major types of barriers to conducting interdisciplinary, international research: integration, language, fieldwork logistics, personnel and relationships, and time commitment. We discuss the causes and recommended solutions to the most common barriers. Our findings can help other interdisciplinary, international research teams anticipate challenges, and develop effective solutions to minimize the negative impacts of these barriers to their research.

  2. Coordination de la sécurité de l'installation du LHC et de ses expériences

    CERN Document Server

    Vadon, M

    2005-01-01

    La coordination de sécurité pour l'installation du LHC et de ses expériences a été mise en place lors du démantèlement du LEP. Depuis, les contractants et les surveillants de chantier ont fait beaucoup de progrès en matière de sécurité et les procédures en vigueur sont maintenant suivies. Néanmoins, des accidents et incidents se produisent encore et pourraient être facilement évités. Un incident important, des dommages sérieux aux équipements, ou pire un accident mortel affecteraient sérieusement le projet LHC. L'analyse des causes des accidents récents révèle toujours une marge d'amélioration, en particulier en ce qui concerne l'analyse à priori des procédures l'installation et des méthodes de travail. L'intégration des aspects de sécurité dès la phase de conception et l'application stricte des règles dans tout le projet sont les clefs pour une meilleure sécurité des chantiers. Ceci ne peut être réalisable que si la sécurité est abordée de la même manière que la qualit...

  3. EUV laser produced and induced plasmas for nanolithography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sizyuk, Tatyana; Hassanein, Ahmed

    2017-10-01

    EUV produced plasma sources are being extensively studied for the development of new technology for computer chips production. Challenging tasks include optimization of EUV source efficiency, producing powerful source in 2 percentage bandwidth around 13.5 nm for high volume manufacture (HVM), and increasing the lifetime of collecting optics. Mass-limited targets, such as small droplet, allow to reduce contamination of chamber environment and mirror surface damage. However, reducing droplet size limits EUV power output. Our analysis showed the requirement for the target parameters and chamber conditions to achieve 500 W EUV output for HVM. The HEIGHTS package was used for the simulations of laser produced plasma evolution starting from laser interaction with solid target, development and expansion of vapor/plasma plume with accurate optical data calculation, especially in narrow EUV region. Detailed 3D modeling of mix environment including evolution and interplay of plasma produced by lasers from Sn target and plasma produced by in-band and out-of-band EUV radiation in ambient gas, used for the collecting optics protection and cleaning, allowed predicting conditions in entire LPP system. Effect of these conditions on EUV photon absorption and collection was analyzed. This work is supported by the National Science Foundation, PIRE project.

  4. Apontamentos sobre vieses alienantes nos versos da música popular brasileira - doi: 10.4025/actascieduc.v33i1.11228

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Egeslaine de Nez

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Por meio da análise de algumas fases e estilos da música popular brasileira surgidos entre os anos 50 e 80, o presente artigo busca identificar alguns vieses alienantes presentes nas letras de canções compostas dentre os estilos citados. Tem-se como pressuposto o conceito de alienação fundamentado em Marx, traduzido enquanto fenômeno que implique no distanciamento do homem de sua realidade, bem como a concepção de indústria cultural fundamentada em Adorno. A análise de letras de música também fez parte do Cinema Universitário no Projeto de Extensão Formação Continuada de Egressos e Licenciados do "Campus" Universitário do Vale do Teles Pires. O artigo aponta para a necessidade de maior observação por parte da sociedade e principalmente por parte dos educadores no que se refere aos traços alienantes e/ou voltados exclusivamente para o consumo em massa que a produção musical muitas vezes pode assumir, tendo-se em vista a análise crítica desse cenário com vistas à construção de uma cidadania cultural.

  5. Cytotoxicity and Phytochemical Profiling of Sargassum Sp. Extract As Anti-Mdr Bacteria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Setyati, Wilis A.; Pramesti, Rini; Zainuddin, Muhamad; Puspita, Maya; Renta, Person P.

    2018-02-01

    Sargassum sp. contains bioactive compounds having the potential as an antibacterial agent. Sargassum sp. was collected from five different locations, i.e., Teluk Awur, Panjang Island, Bandengan, Ujung Piring, and Bondo. There were several different species of Sargassum sp. identified from each sampling locations. The collected seaweeds were washed, naturally dried, and ground to the powder-sized dry material. Dry seaweed was extracted gradually using n-hexane, ethyl acetate, and methanol (1:3 w/v). The antibacterial analysis was conducted based on Agar Diffusion method using Zobell as media. Resistance analysis was performed to evaluate the resistance of pathogen against commercial antibiotics, namely, chloramphenicol, ampicillin, erythromycin, amoxycillin, and tetracycline. Each Sargassum sp. extract was tested against three candidates of MDR bacteria, i.e., Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, and S. epidermidis. Results showed that S. aureus was resistant towards four out of five commercial antibiotics. E. coli and S. epidermidis were not susceptible to two and three out of five commercial antibiotics, respectively. N-hexane, ethyl acetate and methanol yielded 0.1-0.3%, 0.3-0.7 % and 0.8-4.7% of dry extract. Ethyl acetate extract of Sargassum from Teluk Awur performed the best antibacterial activity and contained an alkaloid, flavonoid, and phenolic compounds. Toxicity analysis showed that this ethyl acetate extract had LC50 at 463 ppm and categorized as chronic toxicity.

  6. Vantagens Proporcionadas às Pequenas e Médias Empresas por meio da União em Redes de Cooperação no Contexto do Venture Capital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudio Gustavo Daudt

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The association of companies in cooperation networks arises as an alternative strategy to cope with the increase of competition brought by globalization. Several authors (Casarotto & Pires, 1999; Fayard, 2000; Jarillo, 1988; Marcon & Moinet, 2001 point out the advantages Small and Medium-sized Enterprises [SME] obtain from networking. The venture capital investment model [VC] appears as a networking alternative. In Brazil, VC began in the 80’s. Therefore, this article aims to identify the motivations and advantages that SMEs obtain when they join a network. In this context, networking would be aiming at attaining strategic advantages. Structured interviews with VC and appointed companies’ managers were conducted. The results have shown that companies’ acceptance of this type of networking usually takes place due to capital costs. Later, the advantages are recognized, such as the exchange of information, improved processes, expertise in obtaining financing and the governance process. We conclude that literature on networking advantages applies to VC, although there are only a few studies in Brazil concerning this relationship. Thus, we propose the development of a better understanding of the concepts and advantages of this kind of networking so that this theme can be further studied academically.

  7. Microseismicity at the North Anatolian Fault in the Sea of Marmara offshore Istanbul, NW Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bulut, Fatih; Bohnhoff, Marco; Ellsworth, William L.; Aktar, Mustafa; Dresen, Georg

    2009-01-01

    The North Anatolian Fault Zone (NAFZ) below the Sea of Marmara forms a “seismic gap” where a major earthquake is expected to occur in the near future. This segment of the fault lies between the 1912 Ganos and 1999 İzmit ruptures and is the only NAFZ segment that has not ruptured since 1766. To monitor the microseismic activity at the main fault branch offshore of Istanbul below the Çınarcık Basin, a permanent seismic array (PIRES) was installed on the two outermost Prince Islands, Yassiada and Sivriada, at a few kilometers distance to the fault. In addition, a temporary network of ocean bottom seismometers was deployed throughout the Çınarcık Basin. Slowness vectors are determined combining waveform cross correlation and P wave polarization. We jointly invert azimuth and traveltime observations for hypocenter determination and apply a bootstrap resampling technique to quantify the location precision. We observe seismicity rates of 20 events per month for M etermine composite focal mechanisms implementing recordings of surrounding permanent land stations. Fault plane solutions have a predominant right-lateral strike-slip mechanism, indicating that normal faulting along this part of the NAFZ plays a minor role. Toward the west we observe increasing components of thrust faulting. This supports the model of NW trending, dextral strike-slip motion along the northern and main branch of the NAFZ below the eastern Sea of Marmara.

  8. Barriers and Solutions to Conducting Large International, Interdisciplinary Research Projects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pischke, Erin C; Knowlton, Jessie L; Phifer, Colin C; Gutierrez Lopez, Jose; Propato, Tamara S; Eastmond, Amarella; de Souza, Tatiana Martins; Kuhlberg, Mark; Picasso Risso, Valentin; Veron, Santiago R; Garcia, Carlos; Chiappe, Marta; Halvorsen, Kathleen E

    2017-12-01

    Global environmental problems such as climate change are not bounded by national borders or scientific disciplines, and therefore require international, interdisciplinary teamwork to develop understandings of their causes and solutions. Interdisciplinary scientific work is difficult enough, but these challenges are often magnified when teams also work across national boundaries. The literature on the challenges of interdisciplinary research is extensive. However, research on international, interdisciplinary teams is nearly non-existent. Our objective is to fill this gap by reporting on results from a study of a large interdisciplinary, international National Science Foundation Partnerships for International Research and Education (NSF-PIRE) research project across the Americas. We administered a structured questionnaire to team members about challenges they faced while working together across disciplines and outside of their home countries in Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico. Analysis of the responses indicated five major types of barriers to conducting interdisciplinary, international research: integration, language, fieldwork logistics, personnel and relationships, and time commitment. We discuss the causes and recommended solutions to the most common barriers. Our findings can help other interdisciplinary, international research teams anticipate challenges, and develop effective solutions to minimize the negative impacts of these barriers to their research.

  9. Literatura e medicina: o território partilhado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Scliar Moacyr

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Partindo do texto do escritor português José Cardoso Pires, "De Profundis: Valsa Lenta", em que o autor descreve a afasia pela qual passou em conseqüência de acidente vascular cerebral, são feitas considerações sobre o enfoque da doença por escritores e por médicos. As diferenças apontadas, em termos da forma e do conteúdo dos textos que, na literatura e na medicina, descrevem a doença, enquadram-se no conflito entre as duas culturas, tal como descrito por C. P. Snow, sendo característico da crescente especialização. A inclusão de textos literários no treinamento de médicos e de profissionais da saúde pode ajudar a superar esse hiato, facilitando o entendimento da doença em sua dimensão mais ampla e contribuindo para um melhor relacionamento profissional-paciente.

  10. La physique et l'énigme du réel les difficultés d'interprétation de la théorie quantique et de la relativité générale

    CERN Document Server

    Felden, Marceau

    1998-01-01

    "L'univers est-il accessible à la connaissance humaine ?" Malgré d'extraordinaires progrès, la science n'est pas parvenue, jusqu'ici, à apporter de réponse rationnelle à cette question - pire, elle a fini par obscurcir la notion de "réel" qui paraissait pourtant évidente, remettant très profondément en cause les conceptions de base de la physique classique. D'où la question que l'on ne peut plus éviter aujourd'hui : Quel est vraiment le contenu, c'est-à-dire la signification, d'une théorie physique fondamentale ? C'est tout le problème de l'interprétation qui est ici discuté par Marceau Felden, professeur de physique à l'Université de Paris XI-Orsay et à l'École supérieure d'Électricité. Une analyse critique rigoureuse de la physique actuelle mène l'auteur à mettre en évidence trois discontinuités qui conduisent irréductiblement à distinguer physiquement trois domaines complémentaires : Le "microcosme", le "mésocosme" et le "mégacosme". Il montre que l'analyse de leurs spécif...

  11. Using "Big Data" in a Classroom Setting for Student-Developed Projects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayes-Gehrke, Melissa; Vogel, Stuart N.

    2018-01-01

    The advances in exploration of the optical transient sky anticipated with major facilities such as the Zwicky Transient Facility (ZTF) and Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) provide an opportunity to integrate large public research datasets into the undergraduate classroom. As a step in this direction, the NSF PIRE-funded GROWTH (Global Relay of Observatories Watching Transients Happen) collaboration provided funding for curriculum development using data from the precursor to ZTF, the Intermediate Palomar Transient Factory (iPTF). One of the iPTF portals, the PTF Variable Marshal, was used by 56 Astronomy majors in the fall 2016 and 2017 semesters of the required Observational Astronomy course at the University of Maryland. Student teams learned about the iPTF survey and how to use the PTF Variable Marshal and then developed their own hypotheses about variable stars to test using data they gathered from the Variable Marshal. Through this project, students gained experience in how to develop scientific questions that can be explored using large datasets and became aware of the limitations and difficulties of such projects. This work was supported in part by NSF award OISE-1545949.

  12. Cross validation of bioelectrical impedance equations for men

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Fátima Glaner

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to analyze the cross validity of bioimpedance equations (BIA on the estimation of the fat free mass (FFM of 44 men, with mean age of 24.98 ± 3.40 years and relative body fat (%BF of 17.15 ± 6.41%. A dual energy x-ray absorptiometry was used as a reference method for %BF and FFM. Total body resistance was assessed by the Biodynamics (Model 310. The equations analyzed in this study were: two equations (Eq.1 and 2 developed by Carvalho e Pires Neto (1998; one equation (Eq. 3 developed by Rising et al.(1991; one equation (Eq. 4 developed by Oppliger et al.(1991; two equations (Eq. 5 (%FM RESUMO Este estudo teve como objetivo analisar a validade concorrente de equações de impedância bioelétrica (IB para estimar a massa corporal livre de gordura (MLG, em 44 homens, com idade média de 24,98 ± 3,40 anos e gordura relativa (%G de 17,15 ± 6,41 %. A absortometria de raio-x de dupla energia foi usada como critério, para mensurar a %G e a MLG, e para obter estas variáveis decorrentes das equações de IB foi utilizado o Biodynamics (Modelo 310. As equações de IB analisadas neste estudo foram: duas equações (Eq. 1 e 2 de Carvalho e Pires Neto (1998; uma equação (Eq. 3 de Rising et al. (1991; uma equação (Eq. 4 de Oppliger et al.(1991; duas equações (Eq. 5 (%G < 20% e Eq. 6 (%G ≥ 20% de Segal et al. (1988. Os critérios adotados para validação foram os propostos por Lohman (1991. Todas as correlações foram altas e significativas, oscilando de 0,906 (Eq. 2 a 0,981 (Eq. 6. As equações 1 a 5 superestimaram de forma significativa (p < 0,001 a MLG, sendo que os erros constantes variaram de 1,32 kg (Eq. 5 a 5,90 kg (Eq. 4. A equação 6 atendeu a todos os critérios de validação, apresentando: correlação = 0,981; erro constante = -0,38 kg; erro total = 1,10 kg. Esta equação de Segal et al.(1988, para homens com gordura relativa ≥ 20% (Eq. 6 foi a única que apresentou validade concorrente, estimando

  13. Ajuste de modelos estocásticos lineares e não-lineares para a descrição do perfil longitudinal de árvores Fitting linear and nonlinear stochastic models to describe longitudinal tree profile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Machado Pires

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Os modelos polinomiais são mais difundidos no meio florestal brasileiro na descrição do perfil de árvores devido à sua facilidade de ajuste e precisão. O mesmo não ocorre com os modelos não-lineares, os quais possuem maior dificuldade de ajuste. Dentre os modelos não-lineares clássicos, na descrição do perfil, podem-se citar o de Gompertz, o Logístico e o de Weibull. Portanto, este estudo visou comparar os modelos lineares e não lineares para a descrição do perfil de árvores. As medidas de comparação foram o coeficiente de determinação (R², o erro-padrão residual (s yx, o coeficiente de determinação corrigido (R²ajustado, o gráfico dos resíduos e a facilidade de ajuste. Os resultados ressaltaram que, dentre os modelos não-lineares, o que obteve melhor desempenho, de forma geral, foi o modelo Logístico, apesar de o modelo de Gompertz ser melhor em termos de erro-padrão residual. Nos modelos lineares, o polinômio proposto por Pires & Calegario foi superior aos demais. Ao comparar os modelos não-lineares com os lineares, o modelo Logístico foi melhor em razão, principalmente, do fato de o comportamento dos dados ser não-linear, à baixa correlação entre os parâmetros e à fácil interpretação deles, facilitando a convergência e o ajuste.Polynomial models are most commonly used in Brazilian forestry for taper modeling due to its straightforwardly fitting and precision. The use of nonlinear regression classic models, like Gompertz, Logistic and Weibull, is not very common in Brazil. Therefore, this study aimed to verify the best nonlinear and linear models, and among these the best model to describe the longitudinal tree profile. The comparison measures were: R², syx, R²adjusted, residual graphics and fitting convergence. The results pointed out that among the non-linear models the best behavior, in general, was given by the Logistic model, although the Gompertz model was superior compared with the Weibull

  14. Levantamento florístico do componente arbustivo-arbóreo da vegetação ciliar na bacia do rio Taperoá, PB, Brasil Floristic survey of components of shrub-tree riparian vegetation in the Taperoá river basin, Paraíba State, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alecksandra Vieira de Lacerda

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Considerando o papel relevante e o nível de degradação presente nas áreas ciliares, a pesquisa objetivou estudar a composição florística do componente arbustivo-arbóreo da vegetação ciliar em diferentes ambientes hídricos do semi-árido paraibano na bacia do rio Taperoá. O levantamento florístico foi realizado no período de junho/2002 a fevereiro/2003 e abrangeu nove pontos distribuídos ao longo de rios, riachos, lagoa e açude. A definição das atividades apoiou-se em análise de cartas e mapas da vegetação em escala de 1:100.000 e caminhadas aleatórias que permitiram a realização de coleta de material vegetal, utilizado para identificação por meio de consultas a especialistas e de morfologia comparada, usando bibliografia especializada e análise das exsicatas depositadas no herbário Lauro Pires Xavier - JPB (UFPB, João Pessoa, PB. A vegetação arbustivo-arbórea da mata ciliar nos nove pontos amostrados foi representada por 43 espécies, das quais 41 são pertencentes a 19 famílias, e duas espécies permaneceram indeterminadas. As famílias que apresentaram o maior número de espécies foram Mimosaceae (sete, Caesalpiniaceae (cinco e Euphorbiaceae (cinco. Os resultados da análise de agrupamento indicaram que as áreas ciliares apresentaram certa particularização em termos de composição florística, o que se refletiu nos baixos índices de similaridades entre o conjunto de áreas amostradas.Considering the relevant role and the current level of degradation of riparian areas, this work aimed to study the floristic composition of shrub-tree riparian vegetation at different hydric environments in the Taperoá river basin, in the semi-arid region of the Paraíba State, Northeast Brazil. The survey was performed from June 2002 to February 2003. Nine sampling sites were distributed along rivers and streams, and around lagoon, and dam. The definition of activities was based on the analysis of charts and vegetation maps

  15. The primordium of radiation technologies in medicine at Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cuperschmid, Ethel M.; Campos, Tarcisio P.R.

    2005-01-01

    The repeating of the experiments of Wilhelm Konrad Roentgen in Brazil happened thanks to the initiative of physician' from Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais. The present article, research fruit and documental rising from the archive of the Center of Memory of the Medicine (UFMG), it verified how the scientific innovations reached the Brazilian medical society. One year after X-ray's discovery (1895), Dr. Francisco Pereira das Neves got to repeat the German scientist's experiments. Based on imported material, as tube of Crookes, tube Hittorf, Ruhmkorff's inductor and plate Lumiere, the first X-ray for clinical medicine started in September of 1896. In Minas Gerais, the pioneer was Dr. Jose Carlos Ferreira Pires that, in 1898, brought the X-ray's took to the city of Formiga, being the first X-ray's device of South America. The distance of the great world scientific centers and the inherent difficulties the obtaining technical publications and foreigner supplies were not barriers. Everything was still for being understanding: the time of exposition, the correct way of the reading the foils, X rays effects in human. Until the decade of 1960 x-ray's use was predominantly for diagnosis ends, as they attest Brazilian medical publications. Therapeutic aspects of the radiation have been addressed as a focus in Brazil only after 1963. The present article intends to discuss the paper in the introduction of new radiation technologies and to punctuate the qualitative jumps heading for therapeutic use of the radioactivity in Brazil, aiming external influences, pioneering and improvisations. (author)

  16. Effect of SOCS1 overexpression on RPE cell activation by proinflammatory cytokines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bazewicz, Magdalena; Draganova, Dafina; Makhoul, Maya; Chtarto, Abdel; Elmaleh, Valerie; Tenenbaum, Liliane; Caspers, Laure; Bruyns, Catherine; Willermain, François

    2016-09-06

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the in vitro effect of Suppressor Of Cytokine Signaling 1 (SOCS1) overexpression in retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells on their activation by pro-inflammatory cytokines IFNγ, TNFα and IL-17. Retinal pigment epithelium cells (ARPE-19) were stably transfected with the control plasmid pIRES2-AcGFP1 or the plasmid pSOCS1-IRES2-AcGFP1. They were stimulated by IFNγ (150ng/ml), TNFα (30ng/ml) or IL-17 (100ng/ml). The levels of SOCS1 mRNA were measured by real-time PCR. Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription 1 (STAT1) phosphorylation and IκBα expression were analysed by western Blot (WB). IL-8 secretion was analysed by ELISA and expression of MHCII molecules and ICAM-1/CD54 by flow cytometry. Our data show that SOCS1 mRNA overexpression in RPE cells prevents IFNγ-induced SOCS1 mRNA increase and IFNγ-mediated STAT1 phosphorylation. Moreover, SOCS1 overexpression in RPE cells inhibits IFNγ-induced decrease of IL-8 secretion and prevents IFNγ-induced MHC II and ICAM1/CD54 upregulation. However, SOCS1 overexpression does not affect TNFα-induced IκBα degradation nor block TNFα-induced or IL-17-induced IL-8 secretion. On the contrary, IL-17-induced secretion is increased by SOCS1 overexpression. In conclusion, SOCS1 overexpression in RPE cells inhibits some IFNγ-mediated responses that lead to uveitis development. This notion raises the possibility that SOCS1 overexpression could be a novel target for treating non-infectious uveitis. However, some proinflammatory effects of TNFα and IL-17 stimulation on RPE are not blocked by SOCS1 overexpression. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. [Establishment and application of a Vero cell line stably expressing raccoon dog SLAM, the cellular receptor of canine distemper virus].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Jianjun; Yan, Ruxun; Zhang, Hailing; Zhang, Lei; Hu, Bo; Bai, Xue; Shao, Xiqun; Chai, Xiuli; Yan, Xijun; Wu, Wei

    2012-12-04

    The signaling lymphocyte activation molecule (SLAM, also known as CD150), is used as a cellular receptor by canine distemper virus (CDV). Wild-type strains of CDVs can be isolated and propagated efficiently in non-lymphoid cells expressing this protein. Our aim is to establish a Vero cells expressing raccoon dog SLAM (rSLAM) to efficiently isolate CDV from pathological samples. A eukaryotic expression plasmid, pIRES2-EGFP-rSLAMhis, containing rSLAM gene fused with six histidine-coding sequence, EGFP gene, and neomycin resistance gene was constructed. After transfection with the plasmid, a stable cell line, Vero-rSLAM, was screened from Vero cells with the identification of EGFP reporter and G418 resistance. Three CD positive specimens from infected foxes and raccoon dogs were inoculated to Vero-rSLAM cells for CDV isolation. Foxes and raccoon dogs were inoculated subcutaneously LN (10)fl strain with 4 x 10(2.39)TCID50 dose to evaluate pathogenicity of CDV isolations. The rSLAMh fused gene was shown to transcript and express stably in Vero-rSLAM cells by RT-PCR and Immunohistochemistry assay. Three CDV strains were isolated successfully in Vero-rSLAM cells 36 -48 hours after inoculation with spleen or lung specimens from foxes and raccoon dogs with distemper. By contrast, no CDV was recovered from those CD positive specimens when Vero cells were used for virus isolation. Infected foxes and raccoon dogs with LN(10)f1 strain all showed typical CD symptoms and high mortality (2/3 for foxes and 3/3 for raccoon dogs) in 22 days post challenge. Our results indicate that Vero-rSLAM cells stably expressing raccoon dog SLAM are highly sensitive to CDV in clinical specimens and the CDV isolation can maintain high virulence to its host animals.

  18. Expression of chicken parvovirus VP2 in chicken embryo fibroblasts requires codon optimization for production of naked DNA and vectored meleagrid herpesvirus type 1 vaccines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spatz, Stephen J; Volkening, Jeremy D; Mullis, Robert; Li, Fenglan; Mercado, John; Zsak, Laszlo

    2013-10-01

    Meleagrid herpesvirus type 1 (MeHV-1) is an ideal vector for the expression of antigens from pathogenic avian organisms in order to generate vaccines. Chicken parvovirus (ChPV) is a widespread infectious virus that causes serious disease in chickens. It is one of the etiological agents largely suspected in causing Runting Stunting Syndrome (RSS) in chickens. Initial attempts to express the wild-type gene encoding the capsid protein VP2 of ChPV by insertion into the thymidine kinase gene of MeHV-1 were unsuccessful. However, transient expression of a codon-optimized synthetic VP2 gene cloned into the bicistronic vector pIRES2-Ds-Red2, could be demonstrated by immunocytochemical staining of transfected chicken embryo fibroblasts (CEFs). Red fluorescence could also be detected in these transfected cells since the red fluorescent protein gene is downstream from the internal ribosome entry site (IRES). Strikingly, fluorescence could not be demonstrated in cells transiently transfected with the bicistronic vector containing the wild-type or non-codon-optimized VP2 gene. Immunocytochemical staining of these cells also failed to demonstrate expression of wild-type VP2, indicating that the lack of expression was at the RNA level and the VP2 protein was not toxic to CEFs. Chickens vaccinated with a DNA vaccine consisting of the bicistronic vector containing the codon-optimized VP2 elicited a humoral immune response as measured by a VP2-specific ELISA. This VP2 codon-optimized bicistronic cassette was rescued into the MeHV-1 genome generating a vectored vaccine against ChPV disease.

  19. Progesterone production is affected by unfolded protein response (UPR) signaling during the luteal phase in mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Hyo-Jin; Park, Sun-Ji; Koo, Deog-Bon; Lee, Sang-Rae; Kong, Il-Keun; Ryoo, Jae-Woong; Park, Young-Il; Chang, Kyu-Tae; Lee, Dong-Seok

    2014-09-15

    We examined whether the three unfolded protein response (UPR) signaling pathways, which are activated in response to endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-stress, are involved in progesterone production in the luteal cells of the corpus luteum (CL) during the mouse estrous cycle. The luteal phase of C57BL/6 female mice (8 weeks old) was divided into two stages: the functional stage (16, 24, and 48 h) and the regression stage (72 and 96 h). Western blotting and reverse transcription (RT)-PCR were performed to analyze UPR protein/gene expression levels in each stage. We investigated whether ER stress affects the progesterone production by using Tm (0.5 μg/g BW) or TUDCA (0.5 μg/g BW) through intra-peritoneal injection. Our results indicate that expressions of Grp78/Bip, p-eIF2α/ATF4, p50ATF6, and p-IRE1/sXBP1 induced by UPR activation were predominantly maintained in functional and early regression stages of the CL. Furthermore, the expression of p-JNK, CHOP, and cleaved caspase3 as ER-stress mediated apoptotic factors increased during the regression stage. Cleaved caspase3 levels increased in the late-regression stage after p-JNK and CHOP expression in the early-regression stage. Additionally, although progesterone secretion and levels of steroidogenic enzymes decreased following intra-peritoneal injection of Tunicamycin, an ER stress inducer, the expression of Grp78/Bip, p50ATF6, and CHOP dramatically increased. These results suggest that the UPR signaling pathways activated in response to ER stress may play important roles in the regulation of the CL function. Furthermore, our findings enhance the understanding of the basic mechanisms affecting the CL life span. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Effects of transforming growth factor-beta1 and vascular endothelial growth factor 165 gene transfer on Achilles tendon healing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hou, Yu; Mao, ZeBin; Wei, XueLei; Lin, Lin; Chen, LianXu; Wang, HaiJun; Fu, Xin; Zhang, JiYing; Yu, Changlong

    2009-07-01

    Repaired Achilles tendons typically take weeks before they are strong enough to handle physiological loads. Gene therapy is a promising treatment for Achilles tendon defects. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the histological/biomechanical effects of Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) and vascular endothelial growth factor 165 (VEGF(165)) gene transfer on Achilles tendon healing in rabbits. Bone Marrow-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells (BMSCs) were transduced with adenovirus carrying human TGF-beta1 cDNA (Ad-TGF-beta1), human VEGF(165) cDNA (Ad-VEGF(165)), or both (PIRES-TGF-beta1/VEGF(165)) Viruses, no cDNA (Ad-GFP), and the BMSCs without gene transfer and the intact tendon were used as control. BMSCs were surgically implanted into the experimentally injured Achilles tendons. TGF-beta1 distribution, cellularity, nuclear aspect ratio, nuclear orientation angle, vascular number, collagen synthesis, and biomechanical features were measured at 1, 2, 4, and 8 weeks after surgery. The TGF-beta1 and TGF beta 1/VEGF(165) co-expression groups exhibited improved parameters compared with other groups, while the VEGF(165) expression group had a negative impact. In the co-expression group, the angiogenesis effects of VEGF(165) were diminished by TGF-beta1, while the collagen synthesis effects of TGF-beta1 were unaltered by VEGF(165). Thus treatment with TGF-beta1 cDNA-transduced BMSCs grafts is a promising therapy for acceleration and improvement of tendon healing, leading to quicker recovery and improved biomechanical properties of Achilles tendons.

  1. Curcumin attenuates glutamate neurotoxicity in the hippocampus by suppression of ER stress-associated TXNIP/NLRP3 inflammasome activation in a manner dependent on AMPK

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, Ying; Li, Jia; Li, Shanshan; Li, Yi; Wang, Xiangxiang; Liu, Baolin [Department of Pharmacology of Chinese Materia Medica, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, 639, Longmian Road, Nanjing 211198 (China); Jiangsu Provincial Key Laboratory for TCM Evaluation and Translational Research, China Pharmaceutical University, 639, Longmian Road, Nanjing 211198 (China); Fu, Qiang, E-mail: fuqiang@cpu.edu.cn [Department of Pharmacology of Chinese Materia Medica, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, 639, Longmian Road, Nanjing 211198 (China); Jiangsu Provincial Key Laboratory for TCM Evaluation and Translational Research, China Pharmaceutical University, 639, Longmian Road, Nanjing 211198 (China); Ma, Shiping, E-mail: spma@cpu.edu.cn [Department of Pharmacology of Chinese Materia Medica, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, 639, Longmian Road, Nanjing 211198 (China); Jiangsu Provincial Key Laboratory for TCM Evaluation and Translational Research, China Pharmaceutical University, 639, Longmian Road, Nanjing 211198 (China)

    2015-07-01

    Curcumin is a natural polyphenolic compound in Curcuma longa with beneficial effects on neuronal protection. This study aims to investigate the action of curcumin in the hippocampus subjected to glutamate neurotoxicity. Glutamate stimulation induced reactive oxygen species (ROS), endoplasmic reticulum stress (ER stress) and TXNIP/NLRP3 inflammasome activation, leading to damage in the hippocampus. Curcumin treatment in the hippocampus or SH-SY5Y cells inhibited IRE1α and PERK phosphorylation with suppression of intracellular ROS production. Curcumin increased AMPK activity and knockdown of AMPKα with specific siRNA abrogated its inhibitory effects on IRE1α and PERK phosphorylation, indicating that AMPK activity was essential for the suppression of ER stress. As a result, curcumin reduced TXNIP expression and inhibited NLRP3 inflammasome activation by downregulation of NLRP3 and cleaved caspase-1 induction, and thus reduced IL-1β secretion. Specific fluorescent probe and flow cytometry analysis showed that curcumin prevented mitochondrial malfunction and protected cell survival from glutamate neurotoxicity. Moreover, oral administration of curcumin reduced brain infarct volume and attenuated neuronal damage in rats subjected to middle cerebral artery occlusion. Immunohistochemistry showed that curcumin inhibited p-IRE1α, p-PERK and NLRP3 expression in hippocampus CA1 region. Together, these results showed that curcumin attenuated glutamate neurotoxicity by inhibiting ER stress-associated TXNIP/NLRP3 inflammasome activation via the regulation of AMPK, and thereby protected the hippocampus from ischemic insult. - Highlights: • Curcumin attenuates glutamate neurotoxicity in the hippocampus. • Curcumin suppresses ER stress in glutamate-induced hippocampus slices. • Curcumin inhibits TXNIP/NLRP3 inflammasome activation. • Regulation of AMPK by curcumin contributes to suppressing ER stress.

  2. Curcumin attenuates glutamate neurotoxicity in the hippocampus by suppression of ER stress-associated TXNIP/NLRP3 inflammasome activation in a manner dependent on AMPK

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Li, Ying; Li, Jia; Li, Shanshan; Li, Yi; Wang, Xiangxiang; Liu, Baolin; Fu, Qiang; Ma, Shiping

    2015-01-01

    Curcumin is a natural polyphenolic compound in Curcuma longa with beneficial effects on neuronal protection. This study aims to investigate the action of curcumin in the hippocampus subjected to glutamate neurotoxicity. Glutamate stimulation induced reactive oxygen species (ROS), endoplasmic reticulum stress (ER stress) and TXNIP/NLRP3 inflammasome activation, leading to damage in the hippocampus. Curcumin treatment in the hippocampus or SH-SY5Y cells inhibited IRE1α and PERK phosphorylation with suppression of intracellular ROS production. Curcumin increased AMPK activity and knockdown of AMPKα with specific siRNA abrogated its inhibitory effects on IRE1α and PERK phosphorylation, indicating that AMPK activity was essential for the suppression of ER stress. As a result, curcumin reduced TXNIP expression and inhibited NLRP3 inflammasome activation by downregulation of NLRP3 and cleaved caspase-1 induction, and thus reduced IL-1β secretion. Specific fluorescent probe and flow cytometry analysis showed that curcumin prevented mitochondrial malfunction and protected cell survival from glutamate neurotoxicity. Moreover, oral administration of curcumin reduced brain infarct volume and attenuated neuronal damage in rats subjected to middle cerebral artery occlusion. Immunohistochemistry showed that curcumin inhibited p-IRE1α, p-PERK and NLRP3 expression in hippocampus CA1 region. Together, these results showed that curcumin attenuated glutamate neurotoxicity by inhibiting ER stress-associated TXNIP/NLRP3 inflammasome activation via the regulation of AMPK, and thereby protected the hippocampus from ischemic insult. - Highlights: • Curcumin attenuates glutamate neurotoxicity in the hippocampus. • Curcumin suppresses ER stress in glutamate-induced hippocampus slices. • Curcumin inhibits TXNIP/NLRP3 inflammasome activation. • Regulation of AMPK by curcumin contributes to suppressing ER stress

  3. Dentigerous cyst (Heterotopic polydontia in a horse - A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiago C. Peixoto

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT. Peixoto T.C., Nogueira V.A., Oliveira M.C., Pires A.P.C., Veiga C.C.P., D’Ávila M.S., Souza B.G. & França T.N. [Dentigerous cyst (Heterotopic polydontia in a horse - A case report.] Cisto dentígero (Polidontia Heterotópica em equino - Relato de caso. Revista Brasileira de Medicina Veterinária, 38(Supl.2:139-142, 2016. Setor de Anatomia Patológica, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, Rodovia BR-465 Km 7, Seropédica, RJ 23890-000, Brasil. E-mail: vivianmedvet@yahoo.com.br It is described a case of dentigerous cyst in a 2-year-old female pampa horse that showed swelling in the right temporal region and a draining tract near the right pinna. The diagnosis is established with clinical, radiographic and histopathological examination of the surrounding structures. Dentigerous cyst is an uncommon condition in horses and it occurs most frequently in young animals. Twelve 1,3-4 cm white firm structures were removed, some with central pulp canal and longitudinal grooves in the external surface, grossly resembling teeth. Microscopic examination showed a structure compatible with dental tissue lined by a non-keratinezed epithelium. A lympho-plasmocitary inflammatory reaction was also seem in the dermis. Differential diagnoses includes congenital deformities of the bone, trauma, abscess and perforating foreign bodies. Post- -operative complications include haemorrhage, fracture of the temporal bone and permanent neurological damage. This case highlights the importance of the investigation of recurrent abscess in horses that are resistant to antibiotics.

  4. Exploring the Oceans in 4D: Using Paleoceanography to Engage Students in Interdisciplinary Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waite, A. J.; Fournier, A.; Paxson, M.; Grant, C.; MacFadden, B. J.

    2015-12-01

    Recent collaborations between educators and scientists have helped to change the face of K-12 education and allow for the development of curricula that closely mimic real word scientific inquiry in ever more accessible formats. Here we capitalize on collaborations established by the Great American Biotic Interchange - Research Experience for Teachers (GABI-RET) and the Panama Canal Project - Partnerships in International Research and Education (PCP-PIRE) to create a series of hands-on activities that investigate the dynamic response of various components of the Earth's system to changes in ocean gateways through time. In particular, we focus on the rise of the Isthmus of Panama and subsequent closure of the Central American Seaway that provide an opportune platform for the interdisciplinary teaching of multiple secondary education topics. Relevant themes include, but are not limited to, geologic time, dating techniques, plate tectonics, ocean circulation, climate, and the speciation/diversification of life. We have taken a versatile approach to these activities by simulating deep sea sediment cores, complete with 3D printed microfossils and related data, that allow students to actively apply the scientific method to simplified geologic archives, graph and assess evidence, and debate their findings in a project based format. The exercises themselves are designed to meet Next Generation and Florida State Science Standards for 6th grade Earth Science and 12th grade Environmental Management/Science classes, though the nature of the activities can be adapted to intermediary skill levels with relative ease. The project kit is designed for use in classrooms without ready access to computers or microscopes and the associated lesson plans/materials will be made available through the GABI-RET and PaleoTEACH websites.

  5. A review of the microbiology of the Rehai geothermal field in Tengchong, Yunnan Province, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brian P. Hedlund

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The Rehai Geothermal Field, located in Tengchong County, in central-western Yunnan Province, is the largest and most intensively studied geothermal field in China. A wide physicochemical diversity of springs (ambient to ∼97 °C; pH from ≤1.8 to ≥9.3 provides a multitude of niches for extremophilic microorganisms. A variety of studies have focused on the cultivation, identification, basic physiology, taxonomy, and biotechnological potential of thermophilic microorganisms from Rehai. Thermophilic bacteria isolated from Rehai belong to the phyla Firmicutes and Deinococcus-Thermus. Firmicutes include neutrophilic or alkaliphilic Anoxybacillus, Bacillus, Caldalkalibacillus, Caldanaerobacter, Laceyella, and Geobacillus, as well as thermoacidophilic Alicyclobacillus and Sulfobacillus. Isolates from the Deinococcus-Thermus phylum include several Meiothermus and Thermus species. Many of these bacteria synthesize thermostable polymer-degrading enzymes that may be useful for biotechnology. The thermoacidophilic archaea Acidianus, Metallosphaera, and Sulfolobus have also been isolated and studied. A few studies have reported the isolation of thermophilic viruses belonging to Siphoviridae (TTSP4 and TTSP10 and Fuselloviridae (STSV1 infecting Thermus spp. and Sulfolobus spp., respectively. More recently, cultivation-independent studies using 16S rRNA gene sequences, shotgun metagenomics, or “functional gene” sequences have revealed a much broader diversity of microorganisms than represented in culture. Studies of the gene and mRNA encoding the large subunit of the ammonia monooxygenase (amoA of ammonia-oxidizing Archaea (AOA and the tetraether lipid crenarchaeol, a potential biomarker for AOA, suggest a wide diversity, but possibly low abundance, of thermophilic AOA in Rehai. Finally, we introduce the Tengchong Partnerships in International Research and Education (PIRE project, an international collaboration between Chinese and U.S. scientists with

  6. Overexpression of Insig-1 protects β cell against glucolipotoxicity via SREBP-1c

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen Ke

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background High glucose induced lipid synthesis leads to β cell glucolipotoxicity. Sterol regulatory element binding protein-1c (SREBP-1c is reported to be partially involved in this process. Insulin induced gene-1 (Insig-1 is an important upstream regulator of Insig-1-SREBPs cleavage activating protein (SCAP-SREBP-1c pathway. Insig-1 effectively blocks the transcription of SREBP-1c, preventing the activation of the genes for lipid biosynthesis. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether Insig-1 protects β cells against glucolipotoxicity. Methods An Insig-1 stable cell line was generated by overexpression of Insig-1 in INS-1 cells. The expression of Insig-1 was evaluated by RT-PCR and Western blotting, then, cells were then treated with standard (11.2 mM or high (25.0 mM glucose for 0 h, 24 h and 72 h. Cell viability, apoptosis, glucose stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS, lipid metabolism and mRNA expression of insulin secretion relevant genes such as IRS-2, PDX-1, GLUT-2, Insulin and UCP-2 were evaluated. Results We found that Insig-1 suppressed the high glucose induced SREBP-1c mRNA and protein expression. Our results also showed that Insig-1 overexpression protected β cells from ER stress-induced apoptosis by regulating the proteins expressed in the IRE1α pathway, such as p-IRE1α, p-JNK, CHOP and BCL-2. In addition, Insig-1 up-regulated the expression of IRS-2, PDX-1, GLUT-2 and Insulin, down-regulated the expression of UCP-2 and improved glucose stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS. Finally, we found that Insig-1 inhibited the lipid accumulation and free fatty acid (FFA synthesis in a time-dependent manner. Conclusions There results suggest that Insig-1 may play a critical role in protecting β cells against glucolipotoxicity by regulating the expression of SREBP-1c.

  7. Measurement of Hepatic Protein Fractional Synthetic Rate with Stable Isotope Labeling Technique in Thapsigargin Stressed HepG2 Cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Juquan; Zhang, Xiao-jun; Boehning, Darren; Brooks, Natasha C.; Herndon, David N.; Jeschke, Marc G.

    2012-01-01

    Severe burn-induced liver damage and dysfunction is associated with endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. ER stress has been shown to regulate global protein synthesis. In the current study, we induced ER stress in vitro and estimated the effect of ER stress on hepatic protein synthesis. The aim was two-fold: (1) to establish an in vitro model to isotopically measure hepatic protein synthesis and (2) to evaluate protein fractional synthetic rate (FSR) in response to ER stress. Human hepatocellular carcinoma cells (HepG2) were cultured in medium supplemented with stable isotopes 1,2-13C2-glycine and L-[ring-13C6]phenylalanine. ER stress was induced by exposing the cells to 100 nM of thapsigargin (TG). Cell content was collected from day 0 to 14. Alterations in cytosolic calcium were measured by calcium imaging and ER stress markers were confirmed by Western blotting. The precursor and product enrichments were detected by GC-MS analysis for FSR calculation. We found that the hepatic protein FSR were 0.97±0.02 and 0.99±0.05%/hr calculated from 1,2-13C2-glycine and L-[ring-13C6]phenylalanine, respectively. TG depleted ER calcium stores and induced ER stress by upregulating p-IRE-1 and Bip. FSR dramatically decreased to 0.68±0.03 and 0.60±0.06%/hr in the TG treatment group (pisotope tracer incorporation technique is a useful method for studying the effects of ER stress on hepatic protein synthesis. PMID:22298954

  8. Effect of E-cadherin Expression on Hormone Production in Rat Anterior Pituitary Lactotrophs In Vitro

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kusumoto, Kenji; Kikuchi, Motoshi; Fujiwara, Ken; Horiguchi, Kotaro; Kouki, Tom; Kawanishi, Kotaro; Yashiro, Takashi

    2010-01-01

    Cadherins are a family of transmembrane glycoproteins that mediate cell-to-cell adhesion. A change in cadherin type in cells, i.e., cadherin switching, induces changes in the character of the cell. Recent studies of the developing rat adenohypophysis found that primordial cells co-expressed E- and N-cadherins, but that hormone-producing cells lost E-cadherin and ultimately possessed only N-cadherin. In the present study, we examined the roles of cadherin switching in cytogenesis of anterior pituitary cells by observing prolactin mRNA and protein expression in lactotrophs that were transformed with an E-cadherin expression vector. In hormone-producing cells that were transfected with a pIRES2-ZsGreen1 plasmid with a full-length E-cadherin cDNA (rE-cad-IZ) insert in primary culture, we detected E- and N-cadherins on plasma membrane and E-cadherin in cytoplasm. In these rE-cad-IZ-transfected cells, in situ hybridization revealed prolactin mRNA signals that were at a level identical to that in control cells, while prolactin protein was barely detectable using immunocytochemistry. The mean signal intensity of prolactin protein in rE-cad-IZ-transfected cells was approximately one fourth that in intact cells and in null-IZ-transfected cells (P<0.01). These results suggest that the expression of E-cadherin does not affect prolactin mRNA transcription; rather, it reduces prolactin protein content, presumably by affecting trafficking of secretory granules

  9. Utiliser le capital religieux pour réduire la pauvreté ? Une étude de cas de la migration transfrontalière dans le sud de la Chine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sam Wong

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available La notion de capital religieux de Laurence Iannaccone met en relief la capacité des individus à puiser des ressources dans les pratiques religieuses ou fondées sur la foi, puis à convertir ce capital religieux en capital humain, social et financier. Les processus d’accumulation et de conversion du capital ont d’importantes incidences sur la réduction de la pauvreté. Cependant, cet article sur les expériences transfrontalières vécues par des migrantes chinoises pauvres dans le sud de la Chine donne à penser que le capital religieux est réparti de manière très inégale au sein des communautés de migrants. La pratique religieuse requiert à la fois du temps et des ressources, si bien que chez les personnes très pauvres, d’importantes contraintes entravent l’accès au capital religieux. L’article révèle certains signes de conversion du capital religieux chez les migrants, mais les causes profondes de la pauvreté, comme les discriminations sociales, n’ont pas été abordées comme il se doit. Pire encore, les membres de la classe dirigeante utilisent les symboles et les rituels religieux pour renforcer leur domination. L’article montre qu’il faut accorder plus d’importance à l’effet distributionnel du capital religieux pour que les pauvres puissent mieux en bénéficier.

  10. International student Arctic Field School on Permafrost and urban areas study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suter, L.; Tolmanov, V. A.; Grebenets, V. I.; Streletskiy, D. A.; Shiklomanov, N. I.

    2017-12-01

    Arctic regions are experiencing drastic climatic and environmental changes. These changes are exacerbated in the Russian Arctic, where active resource development resulted in further land cover transformations, especially near large settlements. There is a growing need in multidisciplinary studies of climate and human- induced changes in the Arctic cities. In order to fill this gap, International Arctic Field Course on Permafrostand Northern Studies was organized in July 2017 to the Russian Arctic. The course was organized under the umbrella of the Arctic PIRE project in cooperation between the George Washington University, Moscow State University, and the Russian Center for Arctic Development. The course attracted twenty undergraduate and graduate students from Russia, USA, and EU countries and involved instructors specializing in Arctic system science, geocryology, permafrost engineering, and urban sustainability. The field course was focused on studying typical natural Arctic landscapes of tundra and forest tundra; transformations of natural landscapes in urban and industrial areas around Vorkuta and Salekhard; construction and planning on permafrost and field methods and techniques, including permafrost and soil temperature monitoring, active layer thickness (ALT) measurements, studying of cryogenic processes, stratigraphic and soil investigations, vegetation and microclimate studies. The students were also engaged in a discussion of climatic change and historical development of urban areas on permafrost,and were exposed to examples of both active and passive construction principles while conducting a field survey of permafrost related building deformations. During the course, students collected more than 800 ALT and soil temperature measurements in typical landscapes around Vorkuta and Salekhard to determine effects of soil and vegetation factors on ground thermal regime; surveyed several hundreds of buildings to determine locations with most deformation

  11. Endoplasmic reticulum stress induces different molecular structural alterations in human dilated and ischemic cardiomyopathy.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Ortega

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The endoplasmic reticulum (ER is a multifunctional organelle responsible for the synthesis and folding of proteins as well as for signalling and calcium storage, that has been linked to the contraction-relaxation process. Perturbations of its homeostasis activate a stress response in diseases such as heart failure (HF. To elucidate the alterations in ER molecular components, we analyze the levels of ER stress and structure proteins in human dilated (DCM and ischemic (ICM cardiomyopathies, and its relationship with patient's functional status. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined 52 explanted human hearts from DCM (n = 21 and ICM (n = 21 subjects and 10 non-failing hearts as controls. Our results showed specific changes in stress (IRE1, p<0.05; p-IRE1, p<0.05 and structural (Reticulon 1, p<0.01 protein levels. The stress proteins GRP78, XBP1 and ATF6 as well as the structural proteins RRBP1, kinectin, and Nogo A and B, were upregulated in both DCM and ICM patients. Immunofluorescence results were concordant with quantified Western blot levels. Moreover, we show a novel relationship between stress and structural proteins. RRBP1, involved in procollagen synthesis and remodeling, was related with left ventricular function. CONCLUSIONS: In the present study, we report the existence of alterations in ER stress response and shaping proteins. We show a plausible effect of the ER stress on ER structure in a suitable sample of DCM and ICM subjects. Patients with higher values of RRBP1 had worse left ventricular function.

  12. Development of an Educational Game to Set Up Surgical Instruments on the Mayo Stand or Back Table: Applied Research in Production Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paim, Crislaine Pires Padilha; Goldmeier, Silvia

    2017-01-10

    replace curricular practice, but helps. ©Crislaine Pires Padilha Paim, Silvia Goldmeier. Originally published in JMIR Serious Games (http://games.jmir.org), 10.01.2017.

  13. Species choice, provenance and species trials among native Brazilian species

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Drumond, M A

    1982-01-01

    Six papers from the conference are presented. Drumond, M.A., Potential of species native to the semi-arid tropics, 766-781, (Refs. 18), reports on Anadenanthera macrocarpa, Mimosa species, Schinopsis brasiliensis, Spondias tuberosa, Ziziphus joazeiro, Cnidoscolus phyllacanthus, Bursera leptophleos (leptophloeos), Tabebuia impetiginosa, Astronium urundeuva, and Mimosa caesalpinia. Monteiro, R.F.R., Speltz, R.M., Gurgel, J.T. do A.; Silvicultural performance of 24 provenances of Araucaria angustifolia in Parana, 814-824, (Refs. 8). Pires, C.L. da S., Kalil Filho, A.N., Rosa, P.R.F. da, Parente, P.R., Zanatto, A.C.S.; Provenance trials of Cordia alliodora in the State of Sao Paulo, 988-995, (Refs. 9). Nogueira, J.C.B., Siqueira, A.C.M.F., Garrido, M.A.O., Gurgel Garrido, L.M. do A., Rosa, P.R.F., Moraes, J.L. de, Zandarin, M.A., Gurgel Filho, O.A., Trials of some native species in various regions of the State of Sao Paulo, 1051-1063, (Refs. 9) describes Centrolobium tomentosum, Peltophorum dubium, Tabebuia vellosoi, Cariniana legalis, and Balfourodendron riedelianum. Batista, M.P., Borges, J.F., Franco, M.A.B.; Early growth of a native species in comparison with exotics in northeastern Para, Brazil, 1105-1110, (Refs. 3). Jacaranda copaia is compared with Gmelina arborea, Pinus caribaea various hondurensis, Eucalyptus deglupta, and E. urophylla. Lima, P.C.F., Souza, S.M. de, Drumond, M.A.; Trials of native forest species at Petrolina, Pernambuco, 1139-1148, (Refs. 8), deals with Anadenanthera macrocarpa, Piptadenia obliqua, Pithecellobium foliolosum, Astronium urundeuva, Schinopsis brasiliensis, Cassia excelsa, Caesalpinia pyramidalis, Parkia platycephala, Pseudobombax simplicifolium, Tabebuia impetiginosa, Caesalpinia ferrea, and Aspidosperma pyrifolium. 18 references.

  14. Human umbilical blood mononuclear cell-derived mesenchymal stem cells serve as interleukin-21 gene delivery vehicles for epithelial ovarian cancer therapy in nude mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Weihua; Wang, Jing; He, Xiangfeng; Zhang, Hongyi; Yu, Fangliu; Jiang, Longwei; Chen, Dengyu; Chen, Junsong; Dou, Jun

    2011-01-01

    Ovarian cancer causes more deaths than any other cancer of the female reproductive system, and its overall cure rate remains low. The present study investigated human umbilical blood mononuclear cell (UBMC)-derived mesenchymal stem cells (UBMC-MSCs) as interleukin-21 (IL-21) gene delivery vehicles for ovarian cancer therapy in nude mice. MSCs were isolated from UBMCs and the expanded cells were phenotyped by flow cytometry. Cultured UBMCs were differentiated into osteocytes and adipocytes using appropriate media and then the UBMC-MSCs were transfected with recombinant pIRES2-IL-21-enhancement green fluorescent protein. UBMC-MSCs expressing IL-21 were named as UBMC-MSC-IL-21. Mice with A2780 ovarian cancer were treated with UBMC-MSC-IL-21 intravenously, and the therapeutic efficacy was evaluated by the tumor volume and mouse survival. To address the mechanism of UBMC-MSC-IL-21 against ovarian cancer, the expression of IL-21, natural killer glucoprotein 2 domain and major histocompatibility complex class I chain-related molecules A/B were detected in UBMC-MSC-IL-21 and in the tumor sites. Interferon-γ-secreting splenocyte numbers and natural killer cytotoxicity were significantly increased in the UBMC-MSC-IL-21-treated mice as compared with the UBMC-MSCs or the UBMC-MSC-mock plasmid-treated mice. Most notably, tumor growth was delayed and survival was prolonged in ovarian-cancer-bearing mice treated with UBMC-MSC-IL-21. Our data provide important evidence that UBMC-MSCs can serve as vehicles for IL-21 gene delivery and inhibit the established tumor. Copyright © 2011 International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.

  15. Quasi-static ensemble variational data assimilation: a theoretical and numerical study with the iterative ensemble Kalman smoother

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fillion, Anthony; Bocquet, Marc; Gratton, Serge

    2018-04-01

    The analysis in nonlinear variational data assimilation is the solution of a non-quadratic minimization. Thus, the analysis efficiency relies on its ability to locate a global minimum of the cost function. If this minimization uses a Gauss-Newton (GN) method, it is critical for the starting point to be in the attraction basin of a global minimum. Otherwise the method may converge to a local extremum, which degrades the analysis. With chaotic models, the number of local extrema often increases with the temporal extent of the data assimilation window, making the former condition harder to satisfy. This is unfortunate because the assimilation performance also increases with this temporal extent. However, a quasi-static (QS) minimization may overcome these local extrema. It accomplishes this by gradually injecting the observations in the cost function. This method was introduced by Pires et al. (1996) in a 4D-Var context. We generalize this approach to four-dimensional strong-constraint nonlinear ensemble variational (EnVar) methods, which are based on both a nonlinear variational analysis and the propagation of dynamical error statistics via an ensemble. This forces one to consider the cost function minimizations in the broader context of cycled data assimilation algorithms. We adapt this QS approach to the iterative ensemble Kalman smoother (IEnKS), an exemplar of nonlinear deterministic four-dimensional EnVar methods. Using low-order models, we quantify the positive impact of the QS approach on the IEnKS, especially for long data assimilation windows. We also examine the computational cost of QS implementations and suggest cheaper algorithms.

  16. St. Bernard Parish : la crise d’un territoire suburbain St. Bernard Parish, the crisis of a suburban territory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Marc Zaninetti

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Situé à l’est de La Nouvelle-Orléans, St. Bernard Parish est l’un des territoires les plus vulnérables au risque d’ondes de tempêtes de toute la région métropolitaine. Après avoir été ravagée par le cyclone Katrina en 2005, St. Bernard peine à se redresser et montre le plus faible niveau de reprise de toute la région du Golfe du Mexique frappée par Katrina. De plus, la reconstruction est freinée par des polémiques virulentes qui nous rappellent les pires années des tensions raciales des années 1960. Cet article s’intéresse aux relations supposées entre les fragmentations urbaines et la faculté d’adaptation aux risques naturels. L’étude du cas de St. Bernard illustre la force d’inertie des territoires et comment de vieilles querelles ville-banlieue affaiblissent la résilience urbaine.Located east of New Orleans, St. Bernard Parish is one of the most vulnerable parts of the greater New Orleans metropolitan area to storm surges. After having been devastated by Hurricane Katrina in 2005, St. Bernard still struggles to recover from the storm, and displays the lowest recovery level of the entire Katrina-hit Gulf Coast area so far. Moreover, reconstruction is hampered by loud polemics that remind us of the worst years of racial polarization during the 1960’s. This paper explores the possible linkage between urban fragmentations and adaptive capacity to natural hazard. The St. Bernard case-study illustrates the strength of path dependency, and how long-entrenched suburb-central city mistrust hampers urban resilience.

  17. Trollope, Liberalism and Scripture Libéralisme et Écritures dans l’œuvre d’Anthony Trollope

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hervé Picton

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Si au début de sa carrière littéraire Trollope était un partisan de la théologie anglo-catholique et antilibérale des Tractariens, il devint au fil des années sensible aux arguments des théologiens libéraux de la Broad Church. En effet, tous ses prêtres modèles après 1867 appartiennent à cette « Église large » (par opposition aux héros tractariens de ses premiers romans et il écrivit au cours des années 1865-1866 une série d’articles pour des revues libérales (PMG, Fornightly Review dans lesquelles il devait notamment soutenir l’évêque Colenso et son interprétation critique du Pentateuque. Trollope dénonce à présent le littéralisme biblique et soutient par ailleurs que le doute, aussi douloureux soit-il, est salutaire. Comment expliquer un tel revirement ? (Newman et les libéraux étaient après tout les pires ennemis. Les facteurs explicatifs sont nombreux et relèvent tant de la biographie que de l’évolution générale du climat intellectuel, avec en particulier la publication de The Origin of Species en 1859 et des Essays and Reviews en 1860. Anglican convaincu, Trollope ne devait toutefois jamais perdre la foi, contrairement à certains de ses amis libres penseurs tels que George Eliot ou G. H. Lewes.

  18. Study of electrochemical properties of the Prussian blue obtained via pentacyanidoferrate complex

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Monteiro, Marcio Cristiano; Toledo, Kalil Cristhian Figueiredo; Pires, Bruno Morandi; Bonacin, Juliano Alves, E-mail: monteiromarcioc@gmail.com [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Instituto de Quimica; Wick, Rene [University of Zurich (Switzerland)

    2016-07-01

    Full text: Prussian blue (PB) is one the most important compounds used in electrochemical sensing of molecular targets as H{sub 2}O{sub 2}. Many diseases or biochemical abnormalities can be diagnosed by analysis of H{sub 2}O{sub 2}. The properties found in PB comes from the electronic structure of this material which is formed by Fe{sup 2+} bonded to iron Fe{sup 3+} by cyanide bridged arranged in a 3D structure. Furthermore, the intervalence observed allows to achieve different levels of oxidation in the same process[1]. The challenge in this area is how to control and modulate specific features of PB. Because of this, we are interested in evaluating how the ligand Nmethylpyrazinium affects the structure and reactivity of the N-methylpyraziniumpentacyanidoferrate(II)(PCF) and its PB corresponding. According to XRD, the PB obtained from PCF produces an amorphous structure instead of the highly ordered structure of PB obtained by classical methods. The stoichiometry of formation of the PB(classic) obtained by the Job's method is 1: 1 (Fe(III): [Fe(CN){sub 6}]{sup 4-}), on the other hand, in PB-PCF the stoichiometry is 1: 2 (Fe(III):PCF). The reported features cause differences in the oxidation potential of the films, PB(classic) Eox=0.167V and PB-PCF Eox=0.219V. In terms of sensing of H{sub 2}O{sub 2}, the PB(classic) presented LOD= 1.2 10{sup -4} M and PB-mpz LOD= 5.8 10{sup -5}M. We have concluded that different sources of iron complexes cause alterations in the organization and electronic structure of the PB. Reference: [1] B. M. Pires, S. A. V. Jannuzzi, A. L. B. Formiga, J. A. Bonacin, Eur J Inorg Chem, 5812, (2014). (author)

  19. Overexpression of B7-H3 augments anti-apoptosis of colorectal cancer cells by Jak2-STAT3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Ting; Jiang, Bo; Zou, Shi-Tao; Liu, Fen; Hua, Dong

    2015-02-14

    To investigate the role of the overexpression of B7-H3 in apoptosis in colorectal cancer cell lines and the underlying molecular mechanisms. SW620 cells that highly overexpressed B7-H3 (SW620-B7-H3-EGFP) and HCT8 cells stably transfected with B7-H3 shRNA (HCT8-shB7-H3) were previously constructed in our laboratory. Cells transfected with pIRES2-EGFP were used as negative controls (SW620-NC and HCT8-NC). Real-time PCR and western blotting analysis were used to detect the mRNA and protein expressions of the apoptosis regulator proteins Bcl-2, Bcl-xl and Bax. A cell proliferation assay was used to evaluate the survival rate and drug sensitivity of the cells. The effect of drug resistance was detected by a cell cycle assay. Active caspase-3 western blotting was used to reflect the anti-apoptotic ability of cells. Western blotting was also performed to determine the expression of proteins associated with the Jak2-STAT3 signaling pathway and the apoptosis regulator proteins after the treatment with AG490, a Jak2 specific inhibitor, in B7-H3 overexpressing cells. The data were analyzed by GraphPad Prism 6 using a non-paired t-test. Whether by overexpression in SW620 cells or downregulation in HCT8, B7-H3 significantly affected the expression of anti- and pro-apoptotic proteins, at both the transcriptional and translational levels, compared with the negative control (P overexpression increased the drug resistance of cells and resulted in a higher survival rate (P overexpression inhibited apoptosis in colorectal cancer cell lines (P overexpression improved Jak2 and STAT3 phosphorylation and, in turn, increased the expression of the downstream anti-apoptotic proteins B-cell CLL/lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) and Bcl-xl, based on western blotting (P overexpressing cells with the Jak2-specific inhibitor AG490, the phosphorylation of Jak2 and STAT3, and the expression of Bcl-2 and Bcl-xl, decreased accordingly (P overexpression of B7-H3 induces resistance to apoptosis in colorectal cancer

  20. Anatomia da cavidade bucofaringeana de Sorubim trigonocephalus (Siluriformes, Osteichthyes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristiano de Oliveira Schuingues

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Sorubim trigonocephalus Miranda et Ribeiro, 1920 conhecido popularmente como chinelo, é uma espécie migratória, de importância econômica. Bastante apreciado na gastronomia por apresentar sabor agradável e sem ossos intermusculares (espinhos. Os exemplares foram coletados em um trecho no Rio Teles Pires, localizado no município de Alta Floresta/MT. Anestesiados e sacrificados em solução aquosa de benzocaína, fixados com solução de formoldeído a 10%, transferidos para o Laboratório de Anatomia Animal/Unemat para descrição das características da cavidade bucofaringeana. Esta espécie apresentou uma pré-maxila bem desenvolvida e cabeça achatada dorsoventralmente, boca localizada na porção ventral média da cabeça, com fenda bucal ampla. Os lábios superiores apresentaram pigmentação cinza escuro com pequenas áreas claras, sendo mais largos que os inferiores e não apresentaram pigmentação. Foram identificadas quatro regiões dentígeras na porção anterior da cavidade bucal e duas na região da faringe, todas com dentes viliformes. A porção posterior da cavidade bucal era limitada lateralmente por quatro pares de arcos branquiais que decresciam em tamanho do primeiro ao último par, crânio-caudal, formados por dois ramos: o superior, mais curto, e o inferior, mais longo. A cavidade bucofaringeana de S. trigonocephalus se mostrou semelhante à de outros teleósteos descritos na literatura, estando adaptado ao hábito alimentar com dieta carnívoro-ictiofágica e diferindo apenas pela ausência de língua estrutural com pré maxila bem desenvolvida apresentando dentes viliformes.

  1. Contribution to the study of the behaviour of silicon planar transistors exposed to the {sup 60}Co {gamma} rays; Contribution a l'etude du comportement des transistors silicium a structure plane soumis aux rayons {gamma} du {sup 60}Co

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Le Ber, J [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires

    1967-05-15

    montre que des dispersions existent et sont fonction: - du point de mesure (niveau d'injection) - de la polarisation sous flux - de la dose instantanee - du fabricant pour un meme type de composant - de la geometrie utilisee Le probleme est ensuite traite au sens de la fiabilite et on donne des methodes permettant de garantir aux circuits une probabilite de bon fonctionnement pour une dose donnee. - methode du 'cas pire' - methode des moments - methode de Monte Carlo. (auteur)

  2. The Muslim Emigration in Western Anatolia L’émigration musulmane de 1914 en Anatolie occidentale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elçin Macar

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Avec les guerres balkaniques, toute la région apprit à connaître un nouveau concept : le nettoyage ethnique. Les États cherchant à homogénéiser leur population le firent de deux manières : par les traités ou par la force. Les statistiques démographiques devinrent ainsi un instrument politique et commença alors « la manipulation ethnique ». Parmi les Chrétiens anatoliens, les Grecs ottomans furent la première cible du CUP qui craignait de perdre « le dernier territoire restant ». Talat Pacha, ministre de l'Intérieur parla aux diplomates allemands de débarrasser le pays « des ennemis de l’intérieur ». Expulsions, terreur et déportations : entre 1912 et 1918, sur les deux rives de l’Égée, près de la moitié des 17,5 millions d’habitants ont été « déplacés ». Le legs le pire de cette période est la tendance des États à croire qu’ils ont le droit d’échanger ou de déporter leurs populations comme du bétail.With the Balkan Wars, the whole region was introduced to a new concept: Ethnic cleansing. States looking to homogenize their population did this in two ways: either by treaty or by force. Population statistics thus became one political instrument and then started the “ethnic engineering”. Among Anatolian Christians, Ottoman Greeks were the first target of the CUP who feared losing the “last remaining territory”. Talat Pasha, Minister of the Interior, talked to German diplomats about ridding the country of “internal enemies”. After expulsions, terrorism and deportations between 1913 and 1918, on both sides of the Aegean, almost half the population of 17.5 million changed places. The era’s worst legacy is the idea that states have a right to exchange or deport their populations like property.

  3. Análise dos Conceitos Astronômicos Apresentados por Professores de Algumas Escolas Estaduais Brasileiras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Voelzke, Marcos Rincon; Gonzaga, Edson Pereira

    2011-12-01

    A razão para o desenvolvimento deste trabalho baseia-se no fato de que muitos professores da Educação Básica (EB) não lidam com conceitos relacionados à astronomia, e quando o fazem eles simplesmente seguem livros didáticos que podem conter erros conceituais. Como é de conhecimento geral a astronomia é um dos conteúdos a serem ensinados na EB fazendo parte dos Parâmetros Curriculares Nacionais e das Propostas Curriculares do Estado de São Paulo, mas é um fato, que vários pesquisadores apontam, a existência de muitos problemas no ensino da astronomia. Com o propósito de minimizar algumas dessas deficiências foi realizado um trabalho de pesquisa com a utilização de questionários pré e pós pesquisa, para tanto foi desenvolvido um Curso de Extensão Universitária para professores da Diretoria de Ensino Regional (DE) que abrange Mauá, Ribeirão Pires e Rio Grande da Serra (no Estado de São Paulo) com os seguintes objetivos: levantar concepções alternativas; subsidiar os professores por meio de palestras, debates e workshops, e verificar o sucesso da aprendizagem após o curso, adotando-se como referência, para a análise dos resultados, os dicionários de Língua Portuguesa (FERREIRA, 2004) e Enciclopédico de Astronomia e Astronáutica (MOURĀO, 1995). Portanto, dezesseis questões foram aplicadas antes e após o curso, assim pode-se verificar após a pesquisa que 100,0% dos professores sabiam os nomes das fases da Lua, 97,0% entenderam que o Sistema Solar é composto por oito planetas, 78,1% foram capazes de explicar como ocorre um eclipse lunar, um eclipse solar e um solstício, 72,7% sabiam como explicar a ocorrência das estações do ano; 64,5% explicaram corretamente a ocorrência do equinócio, 89,7% foram capazes de definir adequadamente o termo cometa; 63,6% definiram asteróide, 54,5% meteoro, 58,1% galáxia, e 42,4% planeta. Os resultados obtidos indicam uma aprendizagem significativa por parte dos participantes.

  4. Pauvreté et politique sociale : le bilan des années Bush  Poverty and Public Policy: An Assessment of the Bush Years

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taoufik Djebali

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Neuf jours après son investiture, G. W. Bush lançait son programme relatif aux Faith-Based Initiatives (FBI, une partie prenante de son « conservatisme compatissant ». Les FBI constituent une rupture avec la tradition monétariste reaganienne, même si elles s’appuient sur le rejet de l’État et la réduction du budget social. Le rôle des FBI est d’aider les organisations caritatives, notamment religieuses, à s’investir davantage dans le travail social.  Le bilan de la politique sociale de G. Bush est plutôt mitigé. La pauvreté a fortement augmenté et les promesses budgétaires en faveur des Faith-Based Organizations n’ont pas été tenues. Pire, les accusations contre les dérives des FBI fusent. L’administration Bush est accusée d’avoir utilisé les FBI et l’argent public pour obtenir des gains politiques et mettre en place un système de financement occulte en faveur des républicains et leurs alliés.Nine days after he was sworn in, Bush launched his social program, the Faith-Based Initiatives (FBI, a major component of his “compassionate conservatism.” The FBI constituted a break with the Reagan monetarist tradition, even if they are motivated by the withdrawal of the State and the reduction of the social budget. The role of the FBI is to help charities, in particular religious organizations, to invest more in social work. On the whole, the social policy implemented during the Bush years is evaluated negatively. Poverty increased rapidly and the financial promises in favor of the Faith-Based Organizations were not kept. Worse, new revelations have been disclosed. The Bush administration is accused of having used the FBI and public money to make political gains and set up an obscure funding system that benefited the Republicans and their political allies.

  5. Spontaneous nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and ER stress in Sidt2 deficiency mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gao, Jialin; Zhang, Yao; Yu, Cui; Tan, Fengbiao; Wang, Lizhuo

    2016-01-01

    Sidt2 is a newly discovered lysosomal membrane protein that is closely related to glucose metabolism. In the present study, we found that Sidt2 is also closely related to lipid metabolism. Gradual increases in serum triglyceride (TG) and free fatty acid, as well as elevated aspartate transaminase and alanine transaminase levels were observed in Sidt2"−"/"− mice fed a normal diet from the age of 3 months, suggesting the presence of lipid metabolism disorders and impaired liver function in these mice. In the liver slices of 6-month-old Sidt2"−"/"− mice, there were obvious fat degeneration and inflammatory changes. Almost all of the liver cells demonstrated different levels of lipid droplet accumulation and cell swelling, and some of the cells demonstrated balloon-like changes. Infiltration of inflammatory cells was observed in the portal area and hepatic lobule. Electron microscopy showed that macrophages tended to be attached to the endothelial cells, and a large number of lipid droplets were present in the liver cells. Oil red O staining showed that there were significantly increased number of deep straining particles in the liver cells of Sidt2"−"/"− mice, and the TG content in liver tissue was also significantly increased. Detection of key genes and proteins related to fat synthesis showed that mRNA and protein levels of the SREBP1c in the liver of Sidt2"−"/"− mice were significantly elevated, and the downstream genes acetyl-CoA carboxylase, fatty acid synthase, and mitochondrial glycerol 3-phosphate acyltransferase were significantly upregulated. In addition, there was severe endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) in the liver of Sidt2"−"/"− mice, which had significantly increased levels of markers specific for unfolded protein response activation, Grp78 and CHOP, as well as significant elevation of downstream p-PERK, p-eIF2a, p-IRE1a, along with ER damage. These results suggest that Sidt2"−"/"− mice had spontaneous nonalcoholic fatty liver

  6. Gene expression profiles in primary duodenal chick cells following transfection with avian influenza virus H5 DNA plasmid encapsulated in silver nanoparticles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jazayeri SD

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Seyed Davoud Jazayeri,1 Aini Ideris,1,2 Kamyar Shameli,3 Hassan Moeini,1 Abdul Rahman Omar1,21Institute of Bioscience, 2Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, 3Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, MalaysiaAbstract: In order to develop a systemically administered safe and effective nonviral gene delivery system against avian influenza virus (AIV that induced cytokine expression, the hemagglutinin (H5 gene of AIV, A/Ck/Malaysia/5858/04 (H5N1 and green fluorescent protein were cloned into a coexpression vector pIRES (pIREGFP-H5 and formulated using green synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs with poly(ethylene glycol and transfected into primary duodenal cells taken from 18-day-old specific-pathogen-free chick embryos. The AgNPs were prepared using moderated temperature and characterized for particle size, surface charge, ultraviolet-visible spectra, DNA loading, and stability. AgNPs and AgNP-pIREGFP-H5 were prepared in the size range of 13.9 nm and 25 nm with a positive charge of +78 ± 0.6 mV and +40 ± 6.2 mV, respectively. AgNPs with a positive surface charge could encapsulate pIREGFP-H5 efficiently. The ultraviolet-visible spectra for AgNP-pIREGFP-H5 treated with DNase I showed that the AgNPs were able to encapsulate pIREGFP-H5 efficiently. Polymerase chain reaction showed that AgNP-pIREGFP-H5 entered into primary duodenal cells rapidly, as early as one hour after transfection. Green fluorescent protein expression was observed after 36 hours, peaked at 48 hours, and remained stable for up to 60 hours. In addition, green fluorescent protein expression generally increased with increasing DNA concentration and time. Cells were transfected using Lipocurax in vitro transfection reagent as a positive control. A multiplex quantitative mRNA gene expression assay in the transfected primary duodenal cells via the transfection reagent and AgNPs with pIREGFP-H5 revealed expression of interleukin (IL-18, IL-15, and IL-12

  7. Irradiação global, direta e difusa, para a região de Cascavel, Estado do Paraná = Global, direct and diffuse irradiation in the region of Cascavel, Paraná State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Aparecida de Oliveira Drechmer

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho apresenta um estudo sobre os níveis das irradiações global, direta e difusa incidentes na superfície terrestre, a irradiação incidente no topo da atmosfera e a insolação relativa mensal, para a cidade de Cascavel-PR. As componentes da radiação solar foram monitoradas entre janeiro de 2001 e fevereiro de 2003 na Estação Experimental Agrometeorológica da Unioeste, Cascavel, Estado do Paraná. Na medição da radiação global foi utilizado um piranômetro KIPP & ZONEN-CM3 e para medir a componente direta foiutilizado um pireliômetro EPPLEY-NIP acoplado a um rastreador solar. A radiação difusa foi calculada pela diferença entre as radiações global e direta. Os níveis médios mensais das irradiações global, direta e difusa, foram respectivamente, 51,8%, 31,7% e 20,17% dairradiação incidente no topo da atmosfera. O índice de insolação relativa apresentou valor máximo em agosto (61,43% e mínimo em fevereiro (34,35%, períodos caracterizados respectivamente por dias de céu limpo e nublados no hemisfério sul.This paper reports a study about the diffuse, direct and global radiation levels on surface of earth, the irradiation over the top of atmosphere and the monthly relative sunstroke in the city of Cascavel, State of Paraná, southern Brazil. The solar radiation components were monitored from January, 2001 to February, 2003 at Estação Experimental Agrometeorológica of Unioeste, Cascavel, Parana State. Global radiation was monitored by a pyranometer KIPP & ZONEN-CM3 and direct radiation was monitored by a pyrheliometer EPPLEY-NIP coupled to a solar tracer. The diffuse radiation wasmonitored through the difference between global and direct radiation. Monthly average levels of global, direct and diffuse irradiations were 51.8%, 31.7% and 20.17% of the irradiation in the top of atmosphere. The relative isolation index showed the maximum value in August (61.43% and the minimum in February (34.35%. These

  8. Overexpression of p42.3 promotes cell growth and tumorigenicity in hepatocellular carcinoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Wei; Dong, Wei-Wei; Mao, Lin-Lin; Li, Wen-Mei; Cui, Jian-Tao; Xing, Rui; Lu, You-Yong

    2013-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the association of p42.3 expression with clinicopathological characteristics and the biological function of p42.3 in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: We used reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), quantitative real-time RT-PCR and western blotting to detect p42.3 mRNA and protein expression in hepatic cell lines. We examined primary HCC samples and matched adjacent normal tissue by immunohistochemistry to investigate the correlation between p42.3 expression and clinicopathological features. HepG2 cells were transfected with a pIRES2-EGFP-p42.3 expression vector to examine the function of the p42.3 gene. Transfected cells were analyzed for their viability and malignant transformation abilities by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay, colony formation assay, and tumorigenicity assay in nude mice. RESULTS: p42.3 is differentially expressed in primary HCC tumors and cell lines. Approximately 69.6% (96/138) of cells were p42.3-positive in hepatic tumor tissues, while 30.7% (35/114) were p42.3-positive in tumor-adjacent normal tissues. Clinicopathological characteristics of the HCC specimens revealed a significant correlation between p42.3 expression and tumor differentiation (P = 0.031). However, p42.3 positivity was not related to tumor tumor-node-metastasis classification, hepatitis B virus status, or hepatoma type. Regarding p42.3 overexpression in stably transfected HepG2 cells, we discovered significant enhancement of cancer cell growth and colony formation in vitro, and significantly enhanced tumorigenicity in nude mice. Western blot analysis of cell cycle proteins revealed that enhanced p42.3 levels promote upregulation of proliferating cell nuclear antigen, cyclin B1 and mitotic arrest deficient 2. CONCLUSION: p42.3 promotes tumorigenicity and tumor growth in HCC and may be a potential target for future clinical cancer therapeutics. PMID:23704824

  9. PENGUKURAN KADAR AIR AGREGAT DAN BETON SEGAR DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN MICROWAVE OVEN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Handoko Sugiharto

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available The conventional method of water content measurement of aggregate and fresh concrete need along time to perform. As an alternative the use of microwave oven is explored in this research. The microwave oven used has 900 watt power and equiped with a turn table. Nine (9 type of aggregate consist of five (5 type of fine aggregate and four (4 type of coarse aggregate with varions water absorbsion value, are unvestigated. The rater contents measured is then compared with the once obtained using conventional oven. Four (4 type of mix using aggegate with varions water absorbsion values. Water content used for the fresh concrete mix is 0.3, 0.5 and 0.7. The test results show that this method can beused to measure water content of fine and coarse aggregate regardless of the water absorbsion values of the aggregates. For fine aggregate nine (9 minutes drying time is needed to get 100% accuracy while for coarse aggregate 11 minutes with 96% accuracy. For fresh concrete using aggregate with less than 5% absorbsion value 18 minutes is neede to get 98% accuracy, while for aggregate with 40% absorbsion value 35 minutes is needed to get 80% accuracy. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Pengukuran kadar air pada agregat dan beton segar dengan metode konvensional memerlukan waktu yang cukup lama, maka dilakukan penelitian penggunaan microwave oven sebagai metode alternatifnya. Microwave oven yang digunakan mempunyai daya 900 watt dan dilengkapi dengan piring putar. Dilakukan penelitian terhadap 9 tipe agregat (5 jenis agregat halus dan 4 jenis agregat kasar dengan berbagai nilai absorpsi. Sedangkan untuk beton segar dibuat 4 macam campuran dengan berbagai nilai absorpsi agregat. Faktor air-semen yang digunakan adalah 0.3, 0.5 dan 0.7. Hasil pengukuran kadar airnya dengan microwave oven dibandingkan terhadap oven standard. Hasil tes yang diperoleh menunjukkan bahwa metode ini dapat digunakan untuk mengukur kadar air agregat halus dan kasar dengan tidak tergantung pada

  10. Hair mercury (signature of fish consumption) and cardiovascular risk in Munduruku and Kayabi Indians of Amazonia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dórea, José G; de Souza, Jurandir R; Rodrigues, Patricia; Ferrari, Iris; Barbosa, Antonio C

    2005-02-01

    Fish is an important natural resource in the diet of inhabitants of the Amazon rain forest and a marker of its consumption (hair Hg) was used to compare selected cardiovascular risk parameters between tribes of Eastern Amazonia. Three Munduruku (Terra Preta, Kaburua, Cururu) villages and one Kayabi village at the banks of head rivers (Tapajos, Tropas, Kabitutu, Cururu, Curuzinho, Teles Pires) of the Tapajos Basin were studied in relation to fish Hg concentrations, mercury in hair (fish consumption) and erythrocytes, body mass index (height/weight, kg/cm2), and blood pressure. The mean fish Hg concentrations were higher in predatory (578.6 ng/g) than in nonpredatory species (52.8 ng/g). Overall only 26% of fish Hg concentrations were above 500 ng/g, and only 11% were above 1000 ng/g. There was no systematic trend in fish Hg concentrations from rivers with a history of gold-mining activities. The biomarker of fish consumption (hair Hg) was significantly associated with erythrocyte-Hg (r=0.5181; P=0.0001) and was significantly higher in Kayabi (12.7 microg/g) than in the Munduruku (3.4 microg/g). Biomarker-assessed fish consumption rate was higher in the Kayabi (110 g/day) than in the Munduruku villages (30 g/day). Although no significant differences in body mass index (BMI) were observed between tribes, there was a trend of lower increase in blood pressure with age among the higher fish consumers (Kayabi). Summary clinical evaluation did not detect neurologic complaints compatible with Hg intoxication (paraparesis, numbness, tremor, balancing failure), but endemic tropical diseases such as clinical history of malaria showed a high prevalence (55.4%). Fish is an abundant natural resource, important in the Indian diet, that has been historically consumed without perceived problems and can easily be traced through hair Hg. The exposure to freshwater fish monomethyl mercury is less of an issue than endemic infectious diseases such as malaria and lack of basic medical

  11. Les montagnes et la montée des clercs dans l’Algérie coloniale. Viticulture, montagnes et réformisme (iṣlāḥ aux xixe-xxe siècles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamel Chachoua

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Les études des sciences humaines et sociales sur la religion en Algérie se sont toujours concentrées sur les rôles et les fonctions des acteurs emblématiques (saints, réformateurs et des institutions anciennes ou modernes (confréries, médersas, écoles publiques dans une sorte de « fonctionnalisme du pire et/ou du meilleur ». Partant de l’exemple du mouvement réformiste musulman algérien, l’iṣlāḥ (renaissance, naḥḍa en Égypte, souvent présenté comme un mouvement « citadin », « petit-bourgeois » et essentiellement « arabophone », ce texte montre, qu’au contraire, les ulémas fondateurs et promoteurs du mouvement réformiste algérien sont presque tous originaires des montagnes de l’Est, berbérophones, d’origine sociale modeste, prématurément orphelins. Aussi, et pour rendre compte de ces spécificités bio-géographique et politique du mouvement réformiste algérien, ce texte revient sur l’histoire de la viticulture en Algérie qui a, dès 1880, scindée l’Algérie en deux. À l’Ouest, une Algérie des plaines viticoles, une Algérie dite « province européenne », et à l’Est une Algérie des montagnes, une Algérie musulmane qui, par une sorte de « conservatisme révolutionnaire », deviendra le terrain du mouvement réformiste (iṣlāḥ et de la lutte indépendantiste.

  12. Enhancing specific-antibody production to the ragB vaccine with GITRL that expand Tfh, IFN-γ(+ T cells and attenuates Porphyromonas gingivalis infection in mice.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dong Zheng

    Full Text Available The outer membrane protein RagB is one of the major virulence factors of the periodontal pathogen Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis. In order to induce protective immune response against P. gingivalis infection, an mGITRL gene-linked ragB DNA vaccine (pIRES-ragB-mGITRL was constructed. Six-week-old female BALB/c mice were immunized with pIRES-ragB-mGITRL through intramuscular injection and then challenged by subcutaneous injection in the abdomen with P. gingivalis. RagB-specific antibody-forming cells were evaluated by an Enzyme-linked immunosorbent spot, and specific antibody was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. In addition, the frequencies of Tfh and IFN-γ(+ T cells in spleen were measured using flow cytometer, and the levels of IL-21 and IFN-γ mRNA or proteins were detected by real time RT-PCR or ELISA. The data showed that the mGITRL-linked ragB DNA vaccine induced higher levels of RagB-specific IgG in serum and RagB-specific antibody-forming cells in spleen. The frequencies of Tfh and IFN-γ(+ T cells were obviously expanded in mice immunized by pIRES-ragB-mGITRL compared with other groups (pIRES or pIRES-ragB . The levels of Tfh and IFN-γ(+ T cells associated cytokines were also significantly increased in pIRES-ragB-mGITRL group. Therefore, the mice immunized with ragB plus mGITRL showed the stronger resistant to P. gingivalis infection and a significant reduction of the lesion size caused by P. gingivalis infection comparing with other groups. Taken together, our findings demonstrated that intramuscular injection of DNA vaccine ragB together with mGITRL induced protective immune response dramatically by increasing Tfh and IFN-γ(+ T cells and antibody production to P. gingivalis.

  13. A study on the characteristics of retrospective optimal interpolation using an Observing System Simulation Experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Shin-Woo; Noh, Nam-Kyu; Lim, Gyu-Ho

    2013-04-01

    This study presents the introduction of retrospective optimal interpolation (ROI) and its application with Weather Research and Forecasting model (WRF). Song et al. (2009) suggested ROI method which is an optimal interpolation (OI) that gradually assimilates observations over the analysis window for variance-minimum estimate of an atmospheric state at the initial time of the analysis window. The assimilation window of ROI algorithm is gradually increased, similar with that of the quasi-static variational assimilation (QSVA; Pires et al., 1996). Unlike QSVA method, however, ROI method assimilates the data at post analysis time using perturbation method (Verlaan and Heemink, 1997) without adjoint model. Song and Lim (2011) improved this method by incorporating eigen-decomposition and covariance inflation. The computational costs for ROI can be reduced due to the eigen-decomposition of background error covariance which can concentrate ROI analyses on the error variances of governing eigenmodes by transforming the control variables into eigenspace. A total energy norm is used for the normalization of each control variables. In this study, ROI method is applied to WRF model with Observing System Simulation Experiment (OSSE) to validate the algorithm and to investigate the capability. Horizontal wind, pressure, potential temperature, and water vapor mixing ratio are used for control variables and observations. Firstly, 1-profile assimilation experiment is performed. Subsequently, OSSE's are performed using the virtual observing system which consists of synop, ship, and sonde data. The difference between forecast errors with assimilation and without assimilation is obviously increased as time passed, which means the improvement of forecast error with the assimilation by ROI. The characteristics and strength/weakness of ROI method are also investigated by conducting the experiments with 3D-Var (3-dimensional variational) method and 4D-Var (4-dimensional variational) method

  14. Seismic Refraction & Wide-angle Reflection Experiment on the Northern Margin of North China Craton -Data Acquisition and Preliminary Processing Result

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, W.; Gao, R.; Keller, G. R.; Hou, H.; Li, Q.; Cox, C. M.; Chang, J. C.; Zhang, J.; Guan, Y.

    2010-12-01

    may be connected with subduction-collision magmatism between the southern NC and the northern NCC along the Solonker suture zone. Supported by Sinoprobe-02 and US NSF PIRE grant (0730154)

  15. Alaska - Russian Far East connection in volcano research and monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Izbekov, P. E.; Eichelberger, J. C.; Gordeev, E.; Neal, C. A.; Chebrov, V. N.; Girina, O. A.; Demyanchuk, Y. V.; Rybin, A. V.

    2012-12-01

    The Kurile-Kamchatka-Alaska portion of the Pacific Rim of Fire spans for nearly 5400 km. It includes more than 80 active volcanoes and averages 4-6 eruptions per year. Resulting ash clouds travel for hundreds to thousands of kilometers defying political borders. To mitigate volcano hazard to aviation and local communities, the Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) and the Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (IVS), in partnership with the Kamchatkan Branch of the Geophysical Survey of the Russian Academy of Sciences (KBGS), have established a collaborative program with three integrated components: (1) volcano monitoring with rapid information exchange, (2) cooperation in research projects at active volcanoes, and (3) volcanological field schools for students and young scientists. Cooperation in volcano monitoring includes dissemination of daily information on the state of volcanic activity in neighboring regions, satellite and visual data exchange, as well as sharing expertise and technologies between AVO and the Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team (KVERT) and Sakhalin Volcanic Eruption Response Team (SVERT). Collaboration in scientific research is best illustrated by involvement of AVO, IVS, and KBGS faculty and graduate students in mutual international studies. One of the most recent examples is the NSF-funded Partnerships for International Research and Education (PIRE)-Kamchatka project focusing on multi-disciplinary study of Bezymianny volcano in Kamchatka. This international project is one of many that have been initiated as a direct result of a bi-annual series of meetings known as Japan-Kamchatka-Alaska Subduction Processes (JKASP) workshops that we organize together with colleagues from Hokkaido University, Japan. The most recent JKASP meeting was held in August 2011 in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky and brought together more than 130 scientists and students from Russia, Japan, and the United States. The key educational component of our collaborative program

  16. Morfologia das glândulas salivares de Glironia venusta Thomas, 1912 (Didelphimorphia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruna S. Vieira

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi descrever a morfologia das glândulas salivares de Glironia venusta. Foi utilizado um exemplar coletado no resgate de fauna da Usina Hidroeletrica Teles Pires. Este foi fixado com solução de formaldeído a 10%. Para a análise macroscópica, as glândulas foram dissecadas e fotografadas in situ e para a microscopia foram retirados fragmentos das glândulas. Estes foram desidratados em concentrações crescentes de álcool, diafanizados em xilol, inclusos em parafina e corados com HE. G. venusta apresentou as glândulas mandibulares, parótidas, sublinguais, labiais e zigomáticas. As mandibulares se mostraram como estruturas alongadas, constituídas por lobos não septados e localizadas na porção anterior da região cervical. De formato triangular, a parótida estava localizada na depressão do masseter, ventral à cartilagem auricular. As sublinguais encontravam-se ventrais ao ramo da mandíbula, caudais ao digástrico. Foi observado na porção dorsoposterior à comissura labial, dorsal ao músculo orbicular da boca, as glândulas labiais, que apresentaram formato de "U". Já as glândulas zigomáticas acompanhavam a forma da porção anterior do arco zigomático, na margem infraorbital. As glândulas mandibulares e sublinguais apresentaram ácinos do tipo mucosos, com alguns ácinos serosos. A parótida era constituída por ácinos puramente serosos. Na glândula labial foi observado ácinos do tipo mistos ou seromucosos. Para a glândula zigomática não foi possível a realização da análise microscópica devido problemas de procedimento histológico. As características das glândulas salivares observadas em G. venusta se assemelham a de outros mamíferos onívoros, entretanto, apresentaram pequenas diferenças no que se refere à sua localização e forma.

  17. Pemanfaatan Limbah Ranting Kayu Manis (Cinnamomun Burmanii untuk Penciptaan Seni Kerajinan dengan Teknik Laminasi

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    Edi Eskak

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAKLimbah ranting kayu manis (Cinnamomum burmanii merupakan sisa kayu yang tidak ikut dikupas untuk diambil kulitnya sebagai bahan rempah-rempah. Limbah ranting ini jumlahnya cukup banyak pada saat panen kulit kayu manis. Pada saat ini limbah tersebut hanya dibuang ataupun dibakar. Penciptaan seni ini bertujuan untuk memanfaatan limbah ranting kayu manis tersebut menjadi aneka produk seni kerajinan. Metode yang digunakan yaitu eksplorasi, perancangan, dan perwujudan karya. Hasilnya berupa prototip produk kerajinan dengan teknik laminasi yaitu berupa: tatakan saji (tatakan gelas, mangkuk, dan piring, pigura foto, dan aneka wadah. Metode dan prototip produknya dapat dijadikan model untuk pemberdayaan industri kreatif masyarakat daerah penghasil kayu manis. Dari penciptaan seni ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa limbah ranting kayu manis bisa ditingkatkan kemanfaatan dan nilai ekonomisnya menjadi lebih tinggi dengan mengreasikannya menjadi aneka produk seni kerajinan dengan aplikasi teknik laminasi. Teknik laminasi dipilih untuk mengolah limbah ranting yang berukuran kecil agar dapat menjadi aneka produk dengan ukuran variatif yang lebih besar. Keunggulan kerajinan limbah ranting kayu manis ini adalah memiliki aroma harum alami kayu manis yang khas. Kata kunci: limbah ranting, kayu manis, seni kerajinan, teknik laminasiABSTRACTWaste of cinnamon twig (Cinnamomum burmanii is the rest of the wood unpeeled for its pelt as a spice. These twigswaste are quite a lot at the time of harvesting cinnamon bark. At this time the waste is simply dumped or burned as trash. The creation of art aims to utilize waste into cinnamon twig art craft products. The method used is the exploration, design, and realization of the work. The result is a prototype craft products with lamination techniques those are: food placemat (coasters, bowls, and plates, picture frames, and various containers. Method and prototype products can be used as a model for community empowerment

  18. Spontaneous nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and ER stress in Sidt2 deficiency mice

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gao, Jialin [Department of Endocrinology and Genetic Metabolism, Yijishan Hospital of Wannan Medical College, Wuhu, 241002 (China); Anhui Province Key Laboratory of Biological Macro-molecules Research, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu, 241001 (China); Zhang, Yao [Anhui Province Key Laboratory of Biological Macro-molecules Research, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu, 241001 (China); Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Wannan Medical Collage, Wuhu, 241002 (China); Yu, Cui [Department of Endocrinology and Genetic Metabolism, Yijishan Hospital of Wannan Medical College, Wuhu, 241002 (China); Anhui Province Key Laboratory of Biological Macro-molecules Research, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu, 241001 (China); Tan, Fengbiao [Anhui Province Key Laboratory of Biological Macro-molecules Research, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu, 241001 (China); Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Wannan Medical Collage, Wuhu, 241002 (China); Wang, Lizhuo, E-mail: 19277924@qq.com [Anhui Province Key Laboratory of Biological Macro-molecules Research, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu, 241001 (China); Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Wannan Medical Collage, Wuhu, 241002 (China)

    2016-08-05

    Sidt2 is a newly discovered lysosomal membrane protein that is closely related to glucose metabolism. In the present study, we found that Sidt2 is also closely related to lipid metabolism. Gradual increases in serum triglyceride (TG) and free fatty acid, as well as elevated aspartate transaminase and alanine transaminase levels were observed in Sidt2{sup −/−} mice fed a normal diet from the age of 3 months, suggesting the presence of lipid metabolism disorders and impaired liver function in these mice. In the liver slices of 6-month-old Sidt2{sup −/−} mice, there were obvious fat degeneration and inflammatory changes. Almost all of the liver cells demonstrated different levels of lipid droplet accumulation and cell swelling, and some of the cells demonstrated balloon-like changes. Infiltration of inflammatory cells was observed in the portal area and hepatic lobule. Electron microscopy showed that macrophages tended to be attached to the endothelial cells, and a large number of lipid droplets were present in the liver cells. Oil red O staining showed that there were significantly increased number of deep straining particles in the liver cells of Sidt2{sup −/−} mice, and the TG content in liver tissue was also significantly increased. Detection of key genes and proteins related to fat synthesis showed that mRNA and protein levels of the SREBP1c in the liver of Sidt2{sup −/−} mice were significantly elevated, and the downstream genes acetyl-CoA carboxylase, fatty acid synthase, and mitochondrial glycerol 3-phosphate acyltransferase were significantly upregulated. In addition, there was severe endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) in the liver of Sidt2{sup −/−} mice, which had significantly increased levels of markers specific for unfolded protein response activation, Grp78 and CHOP, as well as significant elevation of downstream p-PERK, p-eIF2a, p-IRE1a, along with ER damage. These results suggest that Sidt2{sup −/−} mice had spontaneous

  19. Laboratory-based educational and outreach activities in the framework of a CAREER award at the University of Oregon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bindeman, I. N.

    2011-12-01

    The Stable Isotope Laboratory at the University of Oregon has been used as a learning and outreach center in the framework of the 09 award entitled "Stable isotope insights into large-volume volcanic eruptions". The PI and other members of the group have actively recruitted undergraduate students, summer session and catalytic outreach undergraduates, and hosted international students, visitors, and collaborators from Russia, Iceland, France, the UK, Australia, and Switzerland. We also integrated closely with the Oregon-wide summer program that brings community college students to the University of Oregon for 2.5 months summer research residence (UCORE). In total we gave supervised five undergraduate students and three UCORE students. Additionally, we recruited undergraduates from U of Chicago, Colorado and Pomona Colleges to spend summers in the lab and in the field. In conjunction with the NSF funded PIRE program, two female graduate and one female undergraduate students participated in fieldwork in Kamchatka, and three Kamchatka undergraduates, and one Moscow graduate student visited the University Oregon. Students performed their own projects or Senior Theses and reported their results locally and at AGU conferences. We developed a management structure in which graduate students, a postdoc, and lab technician co-supervised students and visitors and this exposed them into the supervisory roles, contributed to the project progress, and liberated PI from micromanagement duties. The talk will present our experience with this management concept of a lab-based-learning initiative, which defines roles for each member of the lab. Our outreach activities included public lectures at community colleges by PI and a graduate student, and the topical Penrose conference co-organized by the PI, which attracted many students and visitors who collected their data in the lab. PI has introduced a voluntary fieldtrip as a part of his Volcanoes and Earthquake large enrollment class

  20. WhatsApp Messenger as an Adjunctive Tool for Telemedicine: An Overview.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giordano, Vincenzo; Koch, Hilton; Godoy-Santos, Alexandre; Dias Belangero, William; Esteves Santos Pires, Robinson; Labronici, Pedro

    2017-07-21

    to professionals or to the general population. However, high-quality and properly evaluated research is needed, as are improvements in descriptions of the methodology and the study processes. These improvements will allow WhatsApp Messenger to be categorically defined as an effective telemedicine tool in many different fields of health care. ©Vincenzo Giordano, Hilton Koch, Alexandre Godoy-Santos, William Dias Belangero, Robinson Esteves Santos Pires, Pedro Labronici. Originally published in the Interactive Journal of Medical Research (http://www.i-jmr.org/), 21.07.2017.

  1. Connective Tissue Growth Factor Transgenic Mouse Develops Cardiac Hypertrophy, Lean Body Mass and Alopecia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nuglozeh, Edem

    2017-07-01

    Connective Tissue Growth Factor (CTGF/CCN2) is one of the six members of cysteine-rich, heparin-binding proteins, secreted as modular protein and recognised to play a major function in cell processes such as adhesion, migration, proliferation and differentiation as well as chondrogenesis, skeletogenesis, angiogenesis and wound healing. The capacity of CTGF to interact with different growth factors lends an important role during early and late development, especially in the anterior region of the embryo. CTGF Knockout (KO) mice have several craniofacial defects and bone miss shaped due to an impairment of the vascular system development during chondrogenesis. The aim of the study was to establish an association between multiple modular functions of CTGF and the phenotype and cardiovascular functions in transgenic mouse. Bicistronic cassette was constructed using pIRES expressing vector (Clontech, Palo Alto, CA). The construct harbours mouse cDNA in tandem with LacZ cDNA as a reporter gene under the control of Cytomegalovirus (CMV) promoter. The plasmid was linearised with NotI restriction enzyme, and 50 ng of linearised plasmid was injected into mouse pronucleus for the chimaera production. Immunohistochemical methods were used to assess the colocalisation renin and CTGF as well as morphology and rheology of the cardiovascular system. The chimeric mice were backcrossed against the wild-type C57BL/6 to generate hemizygous (F1) mouse. Most of the offsprings died as a result of respiratory distress and those that survived have low CTGF gene copy number, approximately 40 molecules per mouse genome. The copy number assessment on the dead pups showed 5×10 3 molecules per mouse genome explaining the threshold of the gene in terms of toxicity. Interestingly, the result of this cross showed 85% of the progenies to be positive deviating from Mendelian first law. All F2 progenies died excluding the possibility of establishing the CTGF transgenic mouse line, situation that

  2. In vivo targeted gene delivery to peripheral neurons mediated by neurotropic poly(ethylene imine-based nanoparticles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lopes CDF

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Cátia DF Lopes,1–3,* Hugo Oliveira,1,* Inês Estevão,1 Liliana Raquel Pires,1 Ana Paula Pêgo1,2,4,5 1INEB – Instituto de Engenharia Biomédica, Universidade do Porto (UPorto, Porto, Portugal; 2i3S – Instituto de Investigação e Inovação em Saúde, NanoBiomaterials for Targeted Therapies Group, UPorto, Porto, Portugal; 3FMUP – Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal; 4ICBAS – Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas Abel Salazar, UPorto, Porto, Portugal; 5FEUP – Faculdade de Engenharia da Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: A major challenge in neuronal gene therapy is to achieve safe, efficient, and minimally invasive transgene delivery to neurons. In this study, we report the use of a nonviral neurotropic poly(ethylene imine-based nanoparticle that is capable of mediating neuron-specific transfection upon a subcutaneous injection. Nanoparticles were targeted to peripheral neurons by using the nontoxic carboxylic fragment of tetanus toxin (HC, which, besides being neurotropic, is capable of being retrogradely transported from neuron terminals to the cell bodies. Nontargeted particles and naked plasmid DNA were used as control. Five days after treatment by subcutaneous injection in the footpad of Wistar rats, it was observed that 56% and 64% of L4 and L5 dorsal root ganglia neurons, respectively, were expressing the reporter protein. The delivery mediated by HC-functionalized nanoparticles spatially limited the transgene expression, in comparison with the controls. Histological examination revealed no significant adverse effects in the use of the proposed delivery system. These findings demonstrate the feasibility and safety of the developed neurotropic nanoparticles for the minimally invasive delivery of genes to the peripheral nervous system, opening new avenues for the application of gene therapy strategies in the treatment of peripheral

  3. ASPECTE DE DREPT COMPARAT PRIVIND PRIVAŢIUNEA ILEGALĂ DE LIBERTATE ŞI RĂPIREA UNEI PERSOANE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorina GUREV

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Dreptul la libertate, de rând cu celelalte drepturi fundamentale ale persoanei, este protejat atât de actele internaţionale, cât şi de cele naţionale. Pentru apărarea dreptului persoanelor la libertate, legiuitorul autohton incriminează distinct faptele de privaţiune ilegală de libertate şi de răpire a unei persoane. Menţionăm că dreptul la libertate reprezintă posibilitatea persoanei de a se deplasa şi de a acţiona după propria sa voinţă şi dorinţă, ceea ce reprezintă o condiţie esenţială în raport cu activitatea sa şi cu relaţiile sale în societate. Analiza prevederilor legislaţiei penale a diferitelor state a permis identificarea unor divergenţe în dispoziţiile referitoare la infracţiunea de privaţiune ilegală de libertate şi la cea de răpire a unei persoane. În acest sens putem preciza că în legislaţia Republicii Moldova, a SUA (majoritatea statelor, a Federaţiei Ruse, a Bielorusiei, Azerbadjanului etc. privaţiunea ilegală de libertate şi răpirea unei persoane sunt două fapte distincte. Dimpotrivă, în Codul penal al României, în redacţia din 1968 (abrogat, răpirea persoanei era prevăzută ca circumstanţă agravantă a infracţiunii de lipsire de libertate în mod ilegal, iar în contextul Codului penal al României în redacţia din 2009 (în vigoare răpirea unei persoane se contopeşte în textura elementului material al infracţiunii de lipsire de libertate în mod ilegal, asemeni legislaţiei penale a Franţei, Elveţiei, Ucrainei etc. În vederea receptării celor mai optime soluţii legislative privind incriminarea numitelor fapte, ne propunem să analizăm variile modele consacrate în materie în legislaţia altor state.COMPARATIVE LAW ASPECTS ON ILLEGAL DEPRIVATION OF LIBERTY AND KIDNAPPING The right to liberty along with other human rights is protected by national and international acts. In order to protect the right to liberty Moldovan legislator incriminates separately

  4. Florística e estrutura do estrato arbóreo de uma floresta de várzea no município de Santa Bárbara do Pará, Estado do Pará, Brasil Floristic and structure of tree communities in the floodplain forest on municipallity of Santa Bárbara do Pará, State of Pará, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gideão Costa dos Santos

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo teve como objetivo conhecer a composição florística e a estrutura do estrato arbóreo de uma floresta de várzea na localidade de São José do Aracy, no município de Santa Bárbara do Pará, estado do Pará, Brasil. Foram instaladas quatro parcelas de 100 x 100 m subdivididas em cinco transectos de 20 x 100 m e foram amostradas as espécies arbóreas lenhosas e palmeiras. Para as espécies lenhosas adotou-se diâmetro à altura do peito (DAP ³ 10cm e para palmeiras a circunferência à altura do peito (CAP ³ 10cm e estimou-se a altura. O material botânico coletado foi identificado em nível de família, gênero e espécie, sendo incorporado ao herbário João Murça Pires do Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi (MPEG. Na análise fitossociológica foram calculados os parâmetros de Densidade Relativa (DR%, Freqüência Relativa (FR%, Dominância Relativa (DOMR%, Índice de Valor de Importância (IVI, Índice de Valor de Cobertura (IVC, Índice de similaridade de Sorenson (S', Índice de diversidade de Shannon (H' e Equabilidade (E'. Os resultados mostraram 29 famílias, 58 gêneros e 70 espécies. As famílias com maior diversidade foram Caesalpiniaceae, Mimosaceae e Papilionaceae, com nove, oito e sete espécies, respectivamente; Arecaceae e Papilionaceae obtiveram maior densidade (27,75% e 25,84%; treze famílias foram mais freqüentes com 4,88% entre elas; Papilionaceae com maior dominância e índice de valor de importância (37,50% e 68,21; Euterpe oleracea Mart. apresentou maior densidade relativa e Pterocarpus officinalis Jacq., maior dominância relativa, maior índice de valor de importância e de cobertura. O índice de diversidade de 2,63 foi considerado baixo, com equabilidade de 0,63 e similaridade de 0,60. A várzea estudada apresentou baixa diversidade em espécies.This research has taken place in four of 100 x 100 m in São José do Aracy, in the municipallity of Santa Bárbara do Pará, State of Pará, Brazil. Each

  5. Neo-Lamarckism in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Almaça, Carlos

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Darwinism was championed in Portugal by the University and progressionist political parties from the 1860's on. Neo-Darwinism was neglected in its proper time and so the acceptance of the inheritance of acquired characters continued over the first decades of the 20th century. Men of medical education who were professors of Biology at the University of Oporto supported neo-Lamarckian theories in early 20th century. The first one has been Américo Pires de Lima (1886-1966, professor of Botany, whose doctoral dissertation sustaining early Darwinism and neo-Lamarckism was presented in 1912. This thesis, as well as a few neo-Lamarckian publications with antropological significance, are commented and discussed in the present paper.



    El Darwinismo fue defendido en Portugal en la Universidad y por los partidos políticos progresistas durante la década de los años 60 del siglo XIX. El neo-darwinismo fue ignorado en su tiempo y así continuó la aceptación de la herencia de los caracteres adquiridos a lo largo de las primeras décadas del siglo XX. Los profesores de biolog

  6. North Atlantic teleconnection patterns signature on sea level from satellite altimetry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iglesias, Isabel; Lázaro, Clara; Joana Fernandes, M.; Bastos, Luísa

    2015-04-01

    Porto (Fernandes et al., 2010; Fernandes et al., 2013). Regular 0.25°x0.25° latitude-longitude grids were generated at a 10-day interval for the NA Ocean (60°W-5°W, 5°N-60°N) using optimal interpolation with a realistic space-time correlation function (Lázaro et al., 2013). These grids are used to inspect the response of sea level anomalies to several teleconnection patterns as well as the NA variability on annual and longer timescales. The teleconnection patterns selected are the ones that have influence on the NA basin: North Atlantic Oscillation, East Atlantic pattern, East Atlantic/Western Russia pattern, Scandinavia pattern, Western Mediterranean Oscillation index, El Niño Southern Oscillation, Tropical North Atlantic Index, and Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation. Acknowledgments: RAIA tec (0688-RAIATEC-1-P) project. The RAIA Coastal Observatory has been funded by the Programa Operativo de Cooperación Transfronteriza España-Portugal (POCTEP 2007-2013). References: Fernandes M.J., C. Lázaro, A.L. Nunes, N. Pires, L. Bastos, V.B. Mendes (2010). GNSS-derived Path Delay: an approach to compute the wet tropospheric correction for coastal altimetry. IEEE Geosci. Rem. Sens Lett., Vol. 7, NO. 3, 596 - 600, doi: 10.1109/LGRS.2010.2042425. Lázaro, C., M. J. Juliano, M. J. Fernandes (2013): Semi-automatic determination of the Azores Current axis using satellite altimetry: application to the study of the current variability during 1995-2006. Advances in Space Research, Vol. 51(11), pp. 2155-2170, doi:10.1016/j.asr.2012.12.021. Fernandes, M. J., A.L. Nunes, C. Lázaro (2013). Analysis and Inter-Calibration of Wet Path Delay Datasets to Compute the Wet Tropospheric Correction for CryoSat-2 over Ocean. Remote Sensing, 5, 4977-5005.

  7. Advancing Earth System Science Literacy and Preparing the Future Geoscience Workforce Through Strategic Investments at the National Science Foundation (Invited)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karsten, J. L.; Patino, L. C.; Rom, E. L.; Weiler, C. S.

    2010-12-01

    (PIRE) programs, and the new Climate Change Education Partnership (CCEP) program. Many broader impact activities associated with individual research grants supported by GEO contribute to the mix, through integration of research and education. Improving access to high quality geoscience education, developing educational resources and pedagogies that reflect current understandings based on cognitive research on how people learn science in formal and informal settings, cultivating a diverse talent pool for the future, and developing robust mechanisms to evaluate the quality of these various approaches and tools are challenges faced by the entire geosciences research and education community, not just NSF/GEO. In the past two years, GEO has worked collaboratively with the Education and Human Resources (EHR) Directorate, and sister agencies NOAA and NASA, to establish a new GEO Education and Diversity Strategic Framework, that will guide our investments in the future, and identify opportunities for a more cohesive, collaborative, and synergistic approach across NSF and the federal government. Details of this new strategic framework, results of recent program evaluations, and their implications for future NSF/GEO education program funding will be discussed.

  8. Pyrenean tourism confronted with sustainable development: partial and hesitant integration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvie Clarimont

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The cross-border comparative study of the forms and outcomes of the introduction of sustainable tourism by inter-communal efforts in the western Pyrenees has revealed the difficulties of imposing the model, and, worse, this model is often the alibi justifying a mass of incoherent tourist policy, which, being defective in forward planning and territorial coherence, makes it difficult to apply. Research on this theme was carried out from 2004-2006 at the Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour in collaboration with the University of Saragosse. The three conclusions it reached are presented in summarized form as follows: 1 - incorporation of tourism in the field of sustainable development has been belated and hesitant, resulting in big delays as far as its application is concerned; 2 - in France more than in Spain, the multi-level nature of inter-communal bodies together with the lack of transfer of competences in mass tourism have produced the breaking-up of territorial-based development and its management, excluding long-term consideration project-wise. 3 - the overbearing presence of big leisure-construction operations is upturning the traditional residential and land management balance and reveals insufficient initial planning efforts.L’étude transfrontalière comparée des formes et des résultats de la mise en œuvre du tourisme durable par l’intercommunalité dans les Pyrénées occidentales montre les difficultés du modèle à s’imposer ; pire, il est souvent l’alibi justifiant une multitude de politiques touristiques éclatées, qui, par défaut de prospective et de cohérence territoriale, rendent difficile son application. Une recherche a été menée sur ce thème de 2004 à 2006 à l’Université de Pau et des Pays de l’Adour en collaboration avec l’Université de Saragosse. Elle est parvenue à trois conclusions dont on présente ici l’essentiel : 1. l’intégration du tourisme dans le champ du d

  9. Le tourisme pyrénéen face au développement durable : une intégration partielle et hésitante

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvie Clarimont

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available L’étude transfrontalière comparée des formes et des résultats de la mise en œuvre du tourisme durable par l’intercommunalité dans les Pyrénées occidentales montre les difficultés du modèle à s’imposer ; pire, il est souvent l’alibi justifiant une multitude de politiques touristiques éclatées, qui, par défaut de prospective et de cohérence territoriale, rendent difficile son application. Une recherche a été menée sur ce thème de 2004 à 2006 à l’Université de Pau et des Pays de l’Adour en collaboration avec l’Université de Saragosse. Elle est parvenue à trois conclusions dont on présente ici l’essentiel : 1. l’intégration du tourisme dans le champ du développement durable a été tardive et hésitante, d’où un retard important dans son application ; 2. en France plus qu’en Espagne, le « millefeuille » des intercommunalités et l’absence de transfert du tourisme en bloc de compétences ont produit un éclatement de l’ancrage territorial de l’aménagement et de sa gestion, occultant la prise en compte du long terme dans les projets ; 3. la prégnance toujours sensible des grandes opérations d’immobilier de loisirs bouleverse les équilibres résidentiels et fonciers traditionnels et témoigne d’un effort de planification insuffisant.The cross-border comparative study of the forms and outcomes of the introduction of sustainable tourism by inter-communal efforts in the western Pyrenees has revealed the difficulties of imposing the model, and, worse, this model is often the alibi justifying a mass of incoherent tourist policy, which, being defective in forward planning and territorial coherence, makes it difficult to apply. Research on this theme was carried out from 2004-2006 at the Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour in collaboration with the University of Saragosse. The three conclusions it reached are presented in summarized form as follows: 1 - incorporation of tourism in

  10. Study of Organic Matter in Soils of the Amazon Region Employing Laser Induced Fluorescence Spectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tadini, Amanda Maria; Nicolodelli, Gustavo; Mounier, Stéphane; Montes, Célia Regina; Marcondes Bastos Pereira Milori, Débora

    2014-05-01

    were a discontinuity in the accumulation of humified organic matter in the progress of depth. A hypothesis for occurrence of this behavior might be due to texture sandy and aggregate stability present in these soils, which can be difficulty the degradation of labile chains organic matter, thus promoting carbon sequestration in the long time in these soils. References [1]-Milori, D. M. B. P.; Galeti, H. V .A.; Martin-Neto, L.; Dieckow, J.; González-Pérez, M.; Bayer, C.; Salton, J. Organic matter study of whole soil samples using laser-induced fluorescense spectroscopy. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 70, 57-63, 2006. [2]-Martins, T.; Saab, S. C.; Milori, D. M. B. P.; Brinatti, A. M.; Rosa, J. A.; Cassaro, F. A. M.; Pires, L. F. Soil organic matter humification under diferente tillage managements evaluated by Laser Induced Fluorescence (LIF) and C/N ratio. Soil & Tillage Research, 111, 231-235, 2011. [3]-Milori, D. M. B. P.; Segnini, A.; Silva, W. T. L.; Posadas, A.; Mares, V.; Quiroz, R.; Martin-Neto, L. Emerging techniques for soil carbon measurements. Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security, nº 2, 2011. [4]-Senesi, N.; Plaza, C.; Brunetti, G.; Polo, A. A comparative survey of recente results on humic-like fractions in organic amendments and effects on native soil humic substances. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 39, 1244-1262, 2007.

  11. Gene expression of osteogenic factors following gene therapy in mandibular lengthening.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Guoping; Zhou, Bin; Hu, Chunbing; Li, Shaolan

    2015-03-01

    This study investigated the effect of gene therapy on the expression of osteogenic mediators in mandibular distraction osteogenesis rabbits. Bilateral mandibular osteotomies were performed in 45 New-Zealand rabbits. After a latency of 3 days, the mandibles were elongated using distractors with a rate of 0.8 mm/d for 7 days. After the completion of distraction, the rabbits were randomly divided into 5 groups: 2 μg (0.1 μg/μL) of recombinant plasmid pIRES-hVEGF165-hBMP-2, recombinant plasmid pIRES-hBMP2, recombinant plasmid pIRES-hVEGF165, pIRES, and the same volume of normal saline were injected into the distraction gap of groups A, B, C, D, and E, respectively, followed by electroporation. Three animals were killed at the 7th, 14th, and 28th day after gene transfected in different groups, respectively. The lengthened mandibles were harvested and processed for immunohistochemical examinations; the mean optic densities (MODs) and integral optical density of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP-2) and transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1)-positive cells were measured by CMIAS-2001A computerized image analyzer. The data were analyzed with SPSS (SPSS Inc, Chicago, IL). Bone morphogenetic protein 2 and TGF-β1 staining was mainly located in inflammatory cells, monocytes, fibroblasts, osteoblasts, osteocytes, and chondrocytes in the distraction zones. Their strongest expression reached to the peak at the seventh day and decreased at the 14th day of consolidation stage; at the 28th day, they expressed weakly. Image analysis results show that, at the seventh day, the expression of BMP-2 in group B (0.26 ± 0.03, 0.36 ± 0.02) was the strongest; there was significant difference among them (P < 0.01), whereas the expression of TGF-β1 in group C (0.38 ± 0.06, 1.05 ± 0.19) is strongest followed by group A (0.34 ± 0.05, 0.95 ± 0.16) and B (0.33 ± 0.07, 0.90 ± 0.19). At every time point, the level of expression of BMP-2 and TGF-β1 in gene therapy groups (groups A, B, and

  12. L'effet Hall Quantique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samson, Thomas

    facteur d'occupation (nombre d'electrons/degenerescence des etats de Dingle) superieure a un, c'est-a-dire en absence d'interaction electron-electron, il nous sera facile d'evaluer cette conductivite a la limite d'une temperature nulle et de demontrer qu'elle tend vers l'une des valeurs quantiques qe^2/h conformement a l'effet Hall quantique entier. Cependant, pour une valeur du facteur d'occupation inferieure a un, c'est-a-dire en presence d'interaction electron-electron, nous ne pourrons evaluer cette limite et obtenir les resultats escomptes a cause de l'impossibilite de determiner l'un des termes impliques. Neanmoins, ce dernier etant de nature statistique, il pourra etre aisement mis en fonction du propagateur du gaz d'electrons dont on doit maintenant determiner une expression en regime effet Hall quantique fractionnaire. Apres avoir demontre l'impuissance de la theorie des perturbations, basee sur le theoreme de Wick et la technique des diagrammes de Feynman, a accomplir cette tache correctement, nous proposons une seconde methode. Celle -ci fait appel au formalisme de l'integrale fonctionnelle et a l'utilisation d'une transformation de Hubbard-Stratonovich generalisee permettant de substituer a l'interaction a deux-corps une interaction effective a un-corps. L'expression finale obtenue bien que non completement resolue, devrait pouvoir etre estimee par une bonne approximation analytique ou au pire numeriquement.

  13. À la recherche du schwa : données, méthodes et théories

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Durand Jacques

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Ce travail sur les variétés du français se donne pour objet l’étude du schwa. Ce terme, qui était déjà utilisé par Arnauld et Lancelot dans la fameuse grammaire dite de Port-Royal (1660, n’est ni meilleur ni pire que des termes concurrents comme « e muet » ou « e caduc ». En effet, quelques simples rappels historiques démontrent que ce qui une entité phonologique pour certains est une illusion pour d’autres. Nous opposerons, en particulier, la tradition fonctionnaliste inaugurée par André Martinet (1945, 1969 à la tradition générative qui se déploie dans le sillage des travaux de Sanford Schane (1968 et François Dell (1973. Nous chercherons à montrer que le renouvellement des données qu’offre le programme Phonologie du Français Contemporain (PFC : usages, variétés et structure (Durand, Laks, Lyche 2009, 2014 permet de mieux cerner cet objet fugace qu’est le schwa dans la diversité des pratiques linguistiques. Au sein de l’hexagone, nous opposerons les variétés méridionales aux variétés septentrionales et comparerons nos résultats avec des travaux en cours sur le français en Suisse romande. Pour la position finale de mot, nos enquêtes démontrent que Martinet (1969 avait raison par rapport à la tradition générative de reconstruction de schwas sous-jacents abstraits. En ce qui concerne les syllabes initiales, nous montrons en revanche que la tradition générative représentée par Dell (1973, en particulier, est mieux en phase avec les données septentrionales ou suisses. Pour les variétés méridionales, nous montrons que chaque position au sein des mots (syllabe initiale, interne, finale requiert une analyse différente et que le système est en forte mutation. Nous examinons enfin le schwa en Suisse romande et présentons des travaux novateurs au sein du programme PFC (Andreassen et Racine 2013 sur la durée de la réalisation du schwa dans trois variétés : les locuteurs vaudois et

  14. The olmec hatchet: biography and landscape

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jaime R, O.

    2003-01-01

    microanalysis in different areas, mapping and lineal analysis to observe the distribution of the elements. The information is presented in the following way: 1. Pictures of the surface of the sample to low and high amplification. 2. Analysis of a first area presented in an X ray spectrum. 3. Quantitative analysis of the present elements. 4. Mapping of the distribution of the elements in the sample by means of images in colors. 5. Analysis on line to observe the variation of the elements in the sample. 6. In some cases an image is presented with the variation of some element in the case of particles or incrustations. 7. Comparison of spectra in two different areas. For the sample two analysis in different areas were carried out. In this work too, the Moessbauer spectroscopy was carried out to each one of the samples of the different iron minerals to compare with the results of Pires-Ferreira and the one analysis of the minerals of iron of Chalcatzingo of the project of David Grove.(Author)

  15. Groundwater flow and solute transport at the Mourquong saline-water disposal basin, Murray Basin, southeastern Australia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simmons, Craig; Narayan, Kumar; Woods, Juliette; Herczeg, Andrew

    2002-03-01

    échargent naturellement. Le bassin de stockage est isolé hydrodynamiquement par des argiles lacustres de faible perméabilité, mais il existe des zones vulnérables au sud-est, là où les argiles sont apparemment absentes. L'importance des fuites verticales et latérales des saumures du bassin et les processus contrôlant leur migration ont été étudiés au moyen (1) d'analyses de chlorures et des isotopes stables de l'eau (2H/1H et 18O/16O) pour définir le mélange entre les eaux souterraines régionales et l'eau du lac, et (2) du code SUTRA d'écoulement souterrain et de transport de soluté d'eaux de densités variables. Les résultats hydrochimiques indiquent que l'eau de stockage évaporée s'est introduite d'au moins 100 m vers l'est et qu'il existe un écoulement négligeable de saumures vers le sud, en direction de la rivière Murray. Le modèle permet de considérer différents scénarios de gestion. L'écoulement des eaux salées vers la rivière Murray était le scénario le pire du fait de l'irrigation qui est appliquée entre le bassin de stockage et la rivière Murray. Les conditions actuelles de fonctionnement produisent un écoulement direct faible, sinon nul, des saumures du bassin vers la rivière. Resumen. Las aguas subterráneas salinas y los retornos de riego se almacenan habitualmente en unas 200 balsas naturales y artificiales de deshechos, situadas a lo largo de la Cuenca de los ríos Murray-Darling (Australia). Su impacto en los acuíferos y en el propio río Murray, que actúa como una de las fuentes principales de abastecimiento de agua en Australia, es un asunto preocupante. En uno de estos lugares, las aguas subterráneas salinizadas son bombeadas al lago Mourquong, que es un complejo natural de descarga del acuífero. La balsa de eliminación está revestida con arcillas lacustres de baja permeabilidad, pero hay áreas vulnerables hacia el sudeste, donde parece no haber arcilla. Se examina el alcance de la precolación vertical y lateral de las

  16. A revision of Metaleptobasis Calvert (Odonata: Coenagrionidae) with seven synonymies and the description of eighteen new species from South America.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Von Ellenrieder, Natalia

    2013-11-25

    . Beatty, A. Cordero & J. Hoffmann leg., in FSCA); M. longicauda (Holotype ♂, Brazil, Mato Grosso State, C. Teles Pires, Alto Tapajos, 1-31 viii 1956,  Sick leg., in MNRJ); M. orthogonia (Holotype ♂, Peru, Loreto Dep., San Juan, Río Amazonas, near Iquitos, viii 1939, J. Schunke leg., in FSCA); M. paludicola (Holotype ♂, Peru, Loreto Dep., Tamshiyacu-Tahuayo Reserve, swamp, 4°23'49''S, 73°14'57''W, 27 ii 2009, T. Faasen leg., in RMNH); M. panguanae (Holotype ♂, Peru, Huánuco Dep., Biological Station Panguana, E side Río Yuyapichis, 9°37'S, 74°57'W, 6-17 iv 2003, H.J. & E.-G. Burmeister leg., in ZSM); M. peltata (Holotype ♂, Peru Loreto Dep., Tamshiyacu-Tahuayo Reserve, 4°21'22''S, 73°11'0''W, 19 ii 2010, T. Faasen leg., in RMNH); M. prostrata (Holotype ♂, Peru, Junín Dep., Satipo, v 1945, P. Paprzycki leg., in UMMZ); M. silvicola (Holotype ♂, Peru, Madre de Dios Dep., Explorer's Inn on Río Tambopata, 30 km SW Puerto Maldonado, main trail, 1 viii 1979, M. Perkins & P. Donahue leg., in FSCA); M. spatulata (Holotype ♂, Peru, Huánuco Dep., 10 km N of Cucharas, confluence of Huallaga and Pacay rivers, viii 1954, F. Woytkowski leg., in UMMZ); M. tridentigera (Holotype ♂, Brazil, Rondônia State, Porto Velho, Area Abunan, T11 Aleatorio, 8°46'S, 63°54'W, 86 m, 16 v 2010, Nogueira & Mendes leg., in MZUSP); M. truncata (Holotype ♂, Brazil, Pará State, Jacareacanga, xi 1969, F.R. Barbosa leg., in UMMZ); and M. turbinata (Holotype ♂, Peru, Loreto Dep., Tamshiyacu-Tahuayo Reserve, forest swamp (4°24'18''S, 73°14'38''W), 25 ii 2010, T. Fassen leg., in RMNH). Illustrations, keys, diagnoses, and distribution maps for all 31 currently known species are provided. Phylogenetic relationships within the genus Metaleptobasis are analyzed based on 33 adult morphological characters, including the 31 currently described species of Metaleptobasis and eleven outgroup taxa of other Coenagrionidae of the subfamily Teinobasinae. The cladistic analysis recovered

  17. Book reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The African Diaspora: A History Through Culture, by Patrick Manning (reviewed by Joseph C. Miller Atlas of the Transatlantic Slave Trade, by David Eltis & David Richardson (reviewed by Ted Maris-Wolf Abolition: A History of Slavery and Antislavery, by Seymour Drescher (reviewed by Gregory E. O’Malley Paths to Freedom: Manumission in the Atlantic World, edited by Rosemary Brana-Shute & Randy J. Sparks (reviewed by Matthew Mason You Are All Free: The Haitian Revolution and the Abolition of Slavery, by Jeremy D. Popkin (reviewed by Philippe R. Girard Fighting for Honor: The History of African Martial Arts in the Atlantic World, by T .J. Desch Obi (reviewed by Flávio Gomes & Antonio Liberac Cardoso Simões Pires Working the Diaspora: The Impact of African Labor on the Anglo-American World, 1650-1850, by Frederick C. Knight (reviewed by Walter Hawthorne The Akan Diaspora in the Americas, by Kwasi Konadu (reviewed by Ray Kea Tradition and the Black Atlantic: Critical Theory in the African Diaspora, by Henry Louis Gates Jr. (reviewed by Deborah A. Thomas From Africa to Jamaica: The Making of an Atlantic Slave Society, 1775-1807, by Audra A. Diptee (reviewed by D.A. Dunkley Elections, Violence and the Democratic Process in Jamaica 1944-2007, by Amanda Sives (reviewed by Douglas Midgett Caciques and Cemi Idols: The Web Spun by Taino Rulers between Hispaniola and Puerto Rico, by José R. Oliver (reviewed by Brian D. Bates The Latin American Identity and the African Diaspora: Ethnogenesis in Context, by Antonio Olliz Boyd (reviewed by Dawn F. Stinchcomb Reconstructing Racial Identity and the African Past in the Dominican Republic, by Kimberly Eison Simmons (reviewed by Ginetta E.B. Candelario Haiti and the Haitian Diaspora in the Wider Caribbean, edited by Philippe Zacaïr (reviewed by Catherine Benoît Duvalier’s Ghosts: Race, Diaspora, and U.S. Imperialism in Haitian Literatures, by Jana

  18. L’audace de la culpabilité : les États-Unis et le rapport UNODC sur le crime organisé / The Audacity of Guilt: The U.S. and the UNODC’s Report on Organized Crime

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dominick M. F.

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Comme cela avait été prédit l’an dernier dans cette revue, le cancer des cartels de la drogue mexicains s’est métastasé et des discours impolitiques sur la « faillite de l'état » et sur son impact concernant la politique étrangère et intérieure américaine se sont répandus, bien que restants encore relativement discrets.Parmi ces considérations et discours sur les perspectives effrayantes de la violence toujours croissante et terrifiante au Mexique – et même dans les débats qui ont entouré le lancement du rapport de Antonio Maria Costa « UNODC’s 2010 Drug and Organized Crime Reports » à New York et à Washington, D.C., l’été dernier – rares sont pourtant ceux qui pointent du doigt vers la cause première de la guerre perdue contre les drogues illégales, à savoir la demande américaine de cocaïne, de marijuana, d’opiacés et de drogues synthétiques et ses corolaires : approvisionnement et distribution criminels ; blanchiment d'argent et armes. Cet article cherche à enrichir les analyses sur la situation critique du Mexique en soulignant l’étendue et l’ancrage profond de l'usage illégal de stupéfiants et des autres délits liés aux drogues dans la société américaine, tant au niveau public que privé. Par exemple, au niveau fédéral, les standards en matière d’enquête préalables et de délivrance des habilitations de sécurité ont été, pendant les vingt-cinq dernières années, assouplis à un point tel qu’un passé « drug-free » (sans drogue est l'exception et non pas la règle pour l’emploi dans les services publics gouvernementaux.Les révélations les pires et les plus critiques sont celles qui concernent ces fonctionnaires de haut niveau, élus et/ou nommés, qui ont corrompu l'état de droit aux Etats-Unis en justifiant et/ou en mentant sur leurs propres culpabilités passées et présentes. C'est seulement au travers de la mise en œuvre de la formule « sunshine government

  19. ¿Es el cristianismo responsable de la crisis ambiental del planeta?

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    Chuvieco Salinero, Emilio

    2012-12-01

    religiones. Para ello, se emplean distintos indicadores relacionados con la salud ambiental y la salud de los ecosistemas. Se concluye que los países cristianos no presentan una peor situación ambiental que los representativos de otras religiones. Se observa una correlación clara entre nivel de riqueza y de calidad ambiental para los países cristianos, que no es tan evidente en los hindúes o musulmanes. A similar nivel de riqueza y población, los países cristianos de hecho ofrecen valores más altos de calidad ambiental que los encontrados en países con otras tradiciones religiosas. Si bien de nuestro análisis no puede concluirse que el cristianismo promueva la conservación ambiental, los resultados indican al menos que puede rechazarse la hipótesis contraria, ya que los países cristianos no presentan indicadores significativamente peores que los encontrados en países representativos de otras tradiciones religiosas. [fr] Les années soixante ont assisté à la naissance du débat sur le rôle joué par le christianisme dans la dégradation environnementale de la planète, étant accusé d’avoir donné à l’espèce humaine un statut dominant par rapport aux autres créatures. Cet article révise les différentes réponses données à ces critiques du point de vue historique et théologique. La deuxième partie analyse à quel point ce caractère soi-disant agressif du christianisme face à d’autres religions se manifeste dans la situation environnementale des pays chrétiens comparés à d’autres dans lesquels les religions majoritaires sont différentes. Pour cela, des indicateurs divers sont employés concernant la santé environnementale et la santé des écosystèmes. La conclusion obtenue est que les pays chrétiens ne présentent pas une situation environnementale pire que ceux représentatifs d’autres religions. Une corrélation évidente est observée entre le niveau de richesse et la qualité environnementale pour les pays chrétiens, pas

  20. PREFACE: Ocean and climate changes in polar and sub-polar environments: proceedings from the 2010 IODP-Canada/ECORD summer school

    Science.gov (United States)

    St-Onge, Guillaume; Veiga-Pires, Cristina; Solignac, Sandrine

    2011-05-01

    . The subsequent set of papers review the use of planktonic foraminifers (Eynaud), diatoms (Crosta) and dinocysts (de Vernal and Rochon) in polar or sub-polar environments. These articles are followed by a paper on transfer functions (Guiot) summarizing the different approaches used to reconstruct past environmental conditions from micropaleontological proxy data. Two papers on geochemical and isotopic proxies are then presented and related to either foraminifera isotopic records (Hillaire-Marcel) in high northern latitudes or changes in ocean circulation and weathering inputs derived from radiogenic isotopes (Frank). The volume concludes with a paper on the application of visible/near infrared derivative spectroscopy to Arctic sediments (Ortiz). All the papers published in this volume benefited from the reviews of at least two reviewers, whom we thank for their valuable time and comments. We also thank the crew of the Coriolis II, and the many scientists, participants and volunteers who contributed to the summer school and made it a great success. In addition to GEOTOP and UQAM, the following institutions contributed to the organization of the summer school: ISMER, INRS-ETE, the Geological Survey of Canada, and REFORMAR. Finally, we thank Hélène Gaonac'h (UQAM) for coordinating the summer school and Anne de Vernal (UQAM) for her leadership throughout the summer school. Editors Guillaume St-Onge Canada Research Chair in Marine Geology, Institut des sciences de la mer de Rimouski (ISMER) & GEOTOP Research Center, 310 allée des Ursulines, Rimouski, Québec, Canada, G5L 3A1 Cristina Veiga-Pires FCMA - CIMA, Universidade do Algarve, Campus de Gambelas, 8000-117 Faro, Portugal Sandrine Solignac GEOTOP, Université du Québec à Montréal, PO Box 8888, succursale 'centre ville' Montréal, QC, H3C 3P8 Canada Scientists who contributed to the summer school: Hans Asnong (UQAM/GEOTOP, Canada) Gilles Bellefleur (Geological Survey of Canada-Ottawa, Canada) Anne de Vernal (UQAM

  1. Metallogenetic systems associated with granitoid magmatism in the Amazonian Craton: An overview of the present level of understanding and exploration significance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bettencourt, Jorge Silva; Juliani, Caetano; Xavier, Roberto P.; Monteiro, Lena V. S.; Bastos Neto, Artur C.; Klein, Evandro L.; Assis, Rafael R.; Leite, Washington Barbosa, Jr.; Moreto, Carolina P. N.; Fernandes, Carlos Marcello Dias; Pereira, Vitor Paulo

    2016-07-01

    íder and Teles Pires suites). The Transamazonas Province corresponds to a N-S-trending orogenic belt, consolidated during the Transamazonian cycle (2.26-1.95 Ga), comprising the Lourenço, Amapá, Carecuru, Bacajá, and Santana do Araguaia tectonic domains. They show a protracted tectonic evolution, and are host to the pre-, syn-, and post-orogenic to anorogenic granitic magmatism. Gold mineralization associated with magmatic events is still unclear. Greisen and pegmatite Sn-Nb-Ta deposits are related to 1.84 to 1.75 Ga late-orogenic to anorogenic A-type granites. The Pitinga Tin Province includes the Madeira Sn-Nb-Ta-F deposit, Sn-greisens and Sn-episyenites. These are associated with A-type granites of the Madeira Suite (1.84-1.82 Ga), which occur within a cauldron complex (Iricoumé Group). The A-type magmatism evolved from a post-collisional extension, towards a within-plate setting. The hydrothermal processes (400 °C-100 °C) resulted in albitization and formation of disseminated cryolite, pyrochlore columbitization, and formation of a massive cryolite deposit in the core of the Madeira deposit. The Rondônia Tin Province hosts rare-metal (Ta, Nb, Be) and Sn-W mineralization, which is associated with the São Lourenço-Caripunas (1.31-1.30 Ga), related to the post-collisional stage of the Rondônia San Ignácio Province (1.56-1.30 Ga), and to the Santa Clara (1.08-1.07 Ga) and Younger Granites of Rondônia (0.99-0.97 Ga) A-type granites. The latter are linked to the evolution of the Sunsás-Aguapeí Province (1.20-0.95 Ga). Rare-metal polymetallic deposits are associated with late stage peraluminous granites, mainly as greisen, quartz vein, and pegmatite types.

  2. THE POLICING OF MAJOR EVENTS IN CANADA: LESSONS FROM TORONTO’S G20 AND VANCOUVER’S OLYMPICS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wes Pue

    2015-10-01

    tenue de grands événements, comme les événements sportifs ou les grandes conférences internationales, mène au chaos, au déploiement d’escouades anti-émeute et à des arrestations massives. Un retour sur les événements entourant la tenue d’un sommet du G20 à Toronto et des Jeux olympiques d’hiver de Vancouver nous donne un aperçu des choses qui peuvent bien fonctionner et des dérapages possibles à ces occasions. Dans le présent article, nous passons en revue ces événements afin d’explorer les lacunes que comporte le droit canadien, y compris les écarts entre le droit théorique et le droit pratique.      Les paramètres juridiques qui régissent les événements de grande envergure influent sur l’efficacité des mesures liées à la sécurité publique, à la restriction des risques de chaos et à la protection des libertés fondamentales. Fait étonnant, les grands événements se déroulent souvent sans qu’un cadre juridique ait été mis au point, ce qui mène à la confusion entre les autorités policières fédérales et locales et les autorités civiles. Nous nous penchons tour à tour sur l’application passée des règles de common law, d’un règlement de la ville de Vancouver, de la Loi sur la protection des ouvrages publics de l’Ontario et des dispositions relatives à la surveillance policière et à la sécurité de la Loi sur les missions étrangères et les organisations internationales (loi fédérale afin de déterminer les types de mesures juridiques les plus susceptibles d’assurer une gestion réussie des événements. Étant donné que les grands événements tenus au Canada sont planifiés le plus souvent dans la pénombre du droit, en l’absence d’une autorisation juridique ou de directives législatives claires régissant les mesures qui sont nécessaires, tant la gestion efficace que les libertés ordinaires sont compromises. Lorsque la situation dégénère et que le pire survient, les relations entre la

  3. COASTALT Project's contribution to the development and dissemination of coastal altimetry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cipollini, P.; Benveniste, J.

    2012-04-01

    , Machiel Bos, Valborg Byfield, Marco Caparrini, Peter Challenor, Paolo Cipollini, Henrique Coelho, Salvatore Dinardo, M. Joana Fernandes, Scott Gleason, Jesus Gómez-Enri, Christine Gommenginger, Clara Lázaro, Bruno M. Lucas, Cristina Martin-Puig, Laura Moreno, Alexandra Nunes, Nelson Pires, Graham Quartly, Andrea Scozzari, Helen Snaith, Mikis Tsimplis, Stefano Vignudelli, Luke J. West, Judith Wolf, Phil Woodworth

  4. Análise ambiental de fragmentos florestais em assentamentos rurais

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    Stela Maris Alves ASCENÇO

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available O processo de Reforma Agrária constitui-se em um agente transformador e ao mesmo tempo criador de espaços diferenciados, já que está associado às formas de apropriação e exploração da superfície terrestre. Dessa forma, os assentamentos rurais, produtos desse processo de transformação, tornam-se objetos de estudos da Geografia. Por causa das rápidas e inevitáveis transformações no uso da terra ocorridas nos assentamentos, que conduzem à fragmentação e até à supressão da vegetação natural, o objetivo da presente pesquisa consistiu em identificar e caracterizar ambientalmente os fragmentos florestais de ocorrência natural em áreas de assentamentos rurais, mais especificamente no Projeto de Assentamento Ireno Alves dos Santos, situado nos Municípios de Rio Bonito do Iguaçu e Nova Laranjeiras - PR, no período de 1996 a 2002; tais fragmentos são remanescentes da Floresta Ombrófila Mista e Floresta Estacional Semidecidual, cuja manutenção tornou-se bastante delicada, uma vez que deixaram de fazer parte de uma área florestada maior e passaram a ficar “ilhadas”, cercadas por áreas agrícolas, desencadeando diversas alterações ambientais (efeitos de borda. O objetivo proposto foi atendido mediante a aplicação de metodologia para a identificação e manejo de fragmentos de áreas naturais proposta por PIRES et al. (1998. As tarefas necessárias ao desenvolvimento da metodologia foram operacionalizadas a partir de técnicas de Geoprocessamento e Sensoriamento Remoto, que permitiram a elaboração de mapas temáticos digitais representando a evolução da fragmentação florestal; ao final, foi gerado o mapasíntese da espacialização dos fragmentos florestais. Algumas hipóteses procuraram explicar as causas para as alterações verificadas ao longo dos anos na área do assentamento, tais como: a instalação da empresa madeireira proprietária da área; a construção da Usina Hidrelétrica de Salto Santiago; a

  5. PREFACE: 1st METECH workshop - From deep-sea to coastal zones: Methods and Techniques for studying Palaeoenvironments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Veiga-Pires, C.; St-Onge, G.

    2008-10-01

    fractionation method for isolating the small quantities of soot-like and graphitic material usually found in natural samples, whereas González-Vila et al. illustrate the potential of the combined use of analytical pyrolysis and solid state 13C NMR to determine the presence of black carbon and to characterize the refractory organic matter in marine sediments from the Gulf of Cadiz (Spain). In the last section, two papers are presented and discuss sedimentological proxies. In their paper, using diffuse spectral reflectance data, Veiga-Pires and Mestre try to determine if `twinned cores' (or paired cores) can be used as duplicate records to increase the volume of sediments collected in the field, whereas Drago et al discuss the use of fish remains in sediments for the reconstruction of paleoproductivity. Each of the above papers benefited from the constructive comments of at least two reviewers and we wish to sincerely thank the reviewers for their timely evaluation. We also thank the participants, volunteers and organizers of the workshop for their implication, making this first workshop on Methods and Techniques for studying palaeoenvironments (METECH) a success. The workshop and this proceeding would not have been possible without the financial and logistical support of GEOTOP, CIMA, the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FACC07/1/1315) and IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. The second METECH workshop should take place in Canada in the forthcoming year. Conference banner

  6. Speaking, writing, and memory span in children: output modality affects cognitive performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grabowski, Joachim

    2010-02-01

    écrit chez les enfants sont cognitivement plus coûteux que ceux impliqués dans le langage parlé. Ceci a été démontré par des auteurs français qui ont comparé la performance de l'étendue de la mémoire orale et écrite. L'observation de difficultés dans les processus de bas niveau dans l'écriture chez les enfants, et non chez les adultes, pourrait être due aux inadéquations graphomotoriques et orthographiques. Nous rapportons cinq expérimentations dont le but était de répliquer et d'élargir les résultats originaux. Premièrement, les résultats français ont été répliqués avec succès pour les élèves allemands de troisième année et pour les étudiants universitaires. Ensuite, les changements développmentaux des coûts cognitifs de l'écriture ont été examinés à l'école primaire en comparant la performance des élèves de deuxième et de quatrième années. Par la suite, nous avons montré que les modes d'écriture non pratiqués qui étaient expérimentalement induits indiquent une diminution de la performance de la mémoire, chez les adults aussi, ce qui supporte la supposition qu'un manque d'automatisme graphomotorique est responsable des effets observés chez les enfants. Cependant, une écriture à la main sans entraînement mène à des résultats plus claires que la dactylographie sans entraînement. Enfin, nous avons tenté de séparer les influences des difficultés graphomotoriques versus difficultés orthographiques à travers la composition des mots en les indiquant sur un tableau d'ortographe. Cependant, cette tentative n'a pas réussi, probablement à cause du fait d'indiquer les lettres présente d'autres coûts dont le niveau est bas. En résumé, à travers les quatre années de l'école primaire, les enfants allemands montrent une pire performance de l'étendue de mémoire dans l'écriture, en comparaison au rappel oral, avec une augmentation globale dans les deux modalités. Ainsi, toujours à la fin de l

  7. PREFACE: Introduction to the proceedings of Dynamics Days South America 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macau, Elbert E. N.; Pereira, Tiago; Prado, Antonio F. B. A.; Turci, Luiz F. R.; Winter, Othon C.

    2011-03-01

    São PauloSão Carlos - SP - Brazil Rubens SampaioPontifícia Universidade CatólicaRio de Janeiro - RJ - Brazil Ruedi StoopSwiss Federal Institute of TechnologyUZH/ETHZ Zurich - Switzerland Sylvio Ferraz MelloUniversidade de São PauloSão Paulo - SP - Brazil Takashi YoneyamaITA - Instituto Tecnológico de AeronáuticaSão José dos Campos - SP - Brazil Ying-Cheng LaiArizona State UniversityTempe - AZ - USA Organizing Committee Antonio Carlos Roque da SilvaUSP - Universidade de São PauloRibeirão Preto - SP - Brazil Antonio F Bertachini de Almeida Prado (Co-chair)INPE - Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas EspaciaisSão José dos Campos - SP - Brazil Arturo C MartiFacultad de CienciaMontevideo - Uruguai Carlos Leopoldo Pando LambruschiniBenemérita Universidad Autónoma de PueblaPuebla - Mexico Edson Denis LeonelUNESP - "Júlio de Mesquisa Filho"Rio Claro - SP - Brazil Elbert E N Macau (Chair)INPE - Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas EspaciaisSão José dos Campos - SP - Brazil Gerard Olivar TostUniversidad National de ColombiaManizales - Colombia Hamilton VarelaUSP - Universidade de São PauloSão Carlos - SP - Brazil Hilda Cerdeira (Co-chair)IFT - Instituto de Física TeóricaSão Paulo - SP - Brazil Iberê Luiz CaldasUSP - Universidade de São PauloSão Paulo - SP - Brazil José Manoel BalthazarUNESP - "Júlio de Mesquisa Filho"Rio Claro - SP - Brazil José Roberto Castilho PiqueiraUSP - Universidade de São PauloSão Paulo - SP - Brazil Luciano da Fontoura CostaUSP - Universidade de São PauloSão Carlos - SP - Brazil Luiz de Siqueira Martins FilhoUFABC - Universidade Federal do ABCSanto André - SP - Brazil Marcel G ClercUniversidad de ChileSantiago - Chile Miguel VizcardoUniversidad de ArequipaArequipa - Peru Gonzalo Marcelo Ramirez ÁvilaUniversidad Mayor de San AndrésLa Paz - Bolivia Marco Aurélio Pires IdiartUniversidade Federal do Rio Grande do SulPorto Alegre - RS - Brazil Marcus de AguiarUNICAMPCampinas - SP - Brazil Mario CosenzaUniversidad de Los Andes

  8. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irene Machado

    2008-11-01

    Galáxia. Além de ampliar a discussão sobre cultura brasileira, corrobora o espí­rito transdisciplinar de Galáxia uma vez que, aqui, a orientação da análise não procede da semiótica, mas sim dos estudos culturais. Na mesma linha, Mahammed Elhajji discute "a espacialidade (o espaço vivido, organizado e representado enquanto instância de produção de subjetividade e de enunciação e/ou reterritorialização da identidade do grupo étnico". Com essa variedade de problemas e de abordagens, Galáxia tenta evidenciar, no seu próprio modo de oaganização, a abordagem transdiciplinar que privilegia nos próprios trabalhos publicados. A necessidade de discutir as questões da cultura de mí­dias extravasou os textos e se tornou assunto em torno do qual Galáxia reuniu artistas, crí­ticos e ensaí­stas na seção diálogo. Galáxia ouviu, por mais de duas horas, depoimentos de Regina Silveira, Lucas Bambozzi, Martin Grossmann, Ana Claudia de Oliveira, Arlindo Machado, Jerusa Pires Ferreira e Mirna Feitoza Pereira. Na mesma linha de registro da oralidade, Galáxia publica uma entrevista com um dos mais ousados criadores de programas da televisão brasileira, Guel Arraes. O espí­rito inovador desse interventor cultural, que sabe aliar, como poucos, mí­dia, arte e entretenimento, levou Galáxia a alterar o formato da entrevista: em vez de pergunta e resposta, Yvana Fechine e Alexandre Figueirôa optaram por um arranjo em que a fala do próprio Guel conduz e mapeia a visão do produtor sobre seu produto e processo de produção. O projeto dessa edição registra o trabalho de Regina Silveira. Artista cuja obra fala por si e poderia dispensar nossos comentários. Contudo, é sempre conveniente lembrar que sua obra artí­stica deriva de experimentos de várias meios e formatos: artes plásticas, ví­deo, instalações, performances, intervenções urbanas e ambientes imersivos. Esferas é um projeto apaixonado cujos bastidores e engenharia de cria

  9. 6th International Symposium on Molecular Allergology (ISMA

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    Christiane Hilger

    2016-10-01

    complex clinical pattern syndrome Inês Mota, Filipe Benito Garcia, Angela Gaspar, Cristina Arêde, Susana Piedade, Graça Sampaio, Graça Pires, Luís Miguel Borrego, Cristina Santa-Marta, Mário Morais-Almeida CC2 IgE sensitization profile in a patient with asteraceae pollen-exotic fruits association Florin-Dan Popescu, Mariana Vieru, Florin-Adrian Secureanu CC3 Food-dependent: exercise induced anaphylaxis. Which component to blame? Rosa Anita Rodrigues Fernandes, Isabel Carrapatoso, Raquel Gomes, Celso Pereira, Ana Todo-Bom CC4 Anaphylaxis to intravenous iron preparations in a patient that tolerates oral administration María Cecilia Martín Fernández De Basoa, Javier Barrios Regio, Juan De Castro Cordova, Antón Fernández Ferreiro CC5 IgE sensitization pattern in an adult patient with oral allergy syndrome to peanuts and pollinosis from southern Romania Florin-Dan Popescu, Mariana Vieru, Florin-Adrian Secureanu CC6 Evidence of specific IgE to plant-derived cross-reactive carbohydrate determinant in a patient with delayed anaphylaxis to red meat Mariana Vieru, Florin-Dan Popescu, Florin-Adrian Secureanu POSTER PRESENTATIONS Poster Session 1: Molecular allergology and epidemiology P1 Atopic children produce stronger and more frequent IgG responses than non-atopic children: longitudinal data from the German MAS birth cohort Olympia Tsilochristou, Serena Perna, Alina Schwarz, Alexander Rohrbach, Antonio Cappella, Laura Hatzler, Carl-Peter Bauer, Ute Hoffmann, Johannes Forster, Fred Zepp, Antje Schuster, Raffael D’amelio, Ulrich Wahn, Thomas Keil, Susanne Lau, Paolo Maria Matricardi P2 The IgG sensitization profiles against 112 allergenic components support the absence of a protective role of IgG in allergic individuals, outside of the context of SIT Pol André Apoil, Claire Mailhol, Anne Broué-Chabbert, Agnès Juchet, Alain Didier, Elodie Carrer, Thomas Lanot, Antoine Blancher P3 The immune response against the timothy grass pollen allergen Phl p 5 in non

  10. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Geologia - Teses Defendidas 1998 - Doutorado - Instituto de Geociências - Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    1998-01-01

    amostras moldadas com o plano de ruptura coincidente e perpendicular à xistosidade não mostraram a sua influência na resistência ao cisalhamento. Nome: Marília Inês Mendes Barbosa Título: Complexo Ultramáfico Acamadado Morro das Almas, Região de Bom Sucesso e Ibituruna (MG: Geologia, Magmatismo e Metamorfismo Orientador: Fernando Roberto Mendes Pires Resumo: O Complexo Ultramáfico Acamadado Morro das Almas, incluindo os morros Paraíso e Santa Helena, está situado nos limites dos municípios de Bom Sucesso e 120 Anuário do Instituto de Geociências - UFRJ Volume 21 / 1998 Ibituruna, na região centro-sul do estado de Minas Gerais. É um corpo acamadado de porte médio, originalmente formado por cumulatos a piroxênio (ortopiroxenito, com lentes de dunito e, em menor proporção, faixas de peridotito e olivina ortopiroxenito e horizontes de cromititos. A espessura do Complexo Ultramáfico Acamadado Morro das Almas varia aproximadamente de 2200a 3000m, com comprimento em torno de 8 Km de extensão. O Complexo é atravessado por zona rifteana preenchida por metassedimentos do Supergrupo Minas (itabiritos, quartzitos e itabiritos, constituindo as serras de Bom Sucesso e Ibituruna. Esta estrutura rifteana foi convertida posteriormente em zona de cisalhamento, que corresponde ao prolongamento sudoeste da Falha do Engenho do Quadrilátero Ferrífero. Aparentemente, o complexo representa uma das seqüências plutônicas Arqueana do greenstone belt Barbacena, formado por komatiitos periodíticos a basálticos, localmente com textura spinifex, anfibolitos, quartzitos e formação manganesífera. O greenstone belt é cortado, ainda, por trondhjemitos arqueanos e granitos e pegmatitos transamazônicos. Todas as litologias são seccionadas por enxame de diques máficos proterozóicos e fanerozóicos. O complexo ultrabásico foi submetido à deformação dúctil e rúptil que produziu forte foliação paralela ao trend nordeste e fraturamento ortogonal preenchido por v

  11. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Geologia - Dissertações Defendidas 1998 - Mestrado - Instituto de Geociências - Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    1998-01-01

    ões técnicas ao longo dos meses serviram de base para a inferência de que o uso e a ocupação inadequadas dos solos, no maciço do Gericinó-Mendanha é promovida pela falta de planejamento ambiental, desconsiderando a vocação natural do meio físico. Se houvesse o conhecimento do solo, vários problemas ambientais seriam evitados como: destruição dos ecossistemas naturais, a ocupação em áreas agrícolas, a colocação de fossas sépticas, o abastecimento de água, o problema com o lençol d’água, instalação de lixão, a contaminação de solo e água, isto agravado pela falta de saneamento básico. Nome: Ignez José Rodrigues Título: Efeitos Metassomáticos nos Pegmatitos Litiníferos de Volta Grande, Nazareno, Minas Gerais Orientador: Fernando Roberto Mendes Pires 110 Anuário do Instituto de Geociências - UFRJ Volume 21 / 1998 Resumo: Volta Grande é um depósito de Ta-Sn, na Província de São João del Rei, em produção desde 1950. Apesar da tantalita, columbita, cassiterita, microlita, espodumênio, lepidolita e berilo serem minerais econômicos presentes, somente tantalita, microlita e cassiterita são produzidas em grande escala. Seis principais corpos, denominados da letra A à letra F, estão encaixados ao longo da foliação de anfibolitos do Grupo barbacena, parte do greenstone belt Barbacena, de idade Arqueana. Os pegmatitos exibem diversos tipos de mineralizações e metais raros. Os corpos pegmatíticos, á leste da área (A, B, C e D, são mais enriquecidos em espodumênio, contêm tantatlita e são geralmente zonados enquanto que os situados à oeste (E e F são mais ricos em microlita e lepidolita e não são zonados. Estudos detalhados de petrografia, foram feitos em cerca de 160 amostras de rocha, além de difratometria de raios-x e análises químicas parciais, identificação das micas. Os efeitos metassomáticos nos pegmatitos de Volta Grande refletem atividades variáveis de K, Na, Li e B juntamente com uma baixa salinidade dos

  12. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Geografia - Dissertações Defendidas 1999 - Mestrado - Instituto de Geociências - Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    1999-01-01

    ário Resumo: Esta dissertação focaliza o estudo da organização do espaço agrário no Alto Vale do Guaporé - MT e seu processo de formação, resultado da dinâmica de apropriação de terras. Com esta preocupação, investigam-se as formas de apropriação de grandes, médias e pequenas propriedades, entendendo que a região está inserida na dinâmica de ocupação da fronteira agrícola amazônica. 127 Anuário do Instituto de Geociências - UFRJ Volume 22 / 1999 São analisados os processos de apropriação de terras decorrentes da capitalização da agricultura e de vários programas governamentais de incentivo à colonização e ocupação na fronteira amazônica, que influenciaram diretamente na organização do espaço agrário no Alto Vale do Guaporé. Adotando esta perspectiva, o trabalho enfoca os agentes sócio-econômicos, tais como o Estado, os grandes pecuaristas, a agroindústria e os pequenos produtores, estabelecendo suas articulações no sentido de aprofundar o estudo, possibilitando o entendimento da dinâmica atual Nome: Maria Edicia Sampaio Macambira Orientador: Gisela Aquino Pires do Rio Título: Limites e Perspectivas do Pólo Petroquímico do Estado do Rio de Janeiro Resumo: O presente trabalho tem, como proposta, a análise da indústria petroquímica localizada no estado do Rio de Janeiro. Esta análise busca evidenciar as perspectivas de desenvolvimento desta indústria através do exame das ligações técnico-produtivas inter e intra pólo. Considera-se que tais ligações refletem, de um lado, as características gerais da indústria no próprio estado do Rio de Janeiro e, por outro lado, indicam a própria formação do pólo petroquímico do Rio de Janeiro nos marcos do complexo nacional. Nesse sentido, constata-se que as ligações técnico-produtivas, expressas por meio de fluxos de matérias-primas, estão submetidas ao funcionamento do complexo nacional. Há, porém, a possibilidade de diversificação, intimamente ligada à utiliza

  13. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Geologia - 2003 - Teses Defendidas - Doutorado - Instituto de Geociências, UFRJ

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    2003-01-01

    distribuem-se em duas categorias: 1 pegmatitos simples, homogêneos, formados dentro dos granitóides parentais, e 2 pegmatitos complexos ou de profundidade intermediária, formados fora dos corpos granitóides parentais, que apresentam uma mineralogia acessória ampla, com minerais de metais raros, e outros que atestam a ocorrência de metassomatismo no seu processo final de formação. A pegmatitogênese da região se deu em um período que varia entre 160 e 200 Ma, a partir da colocação da Suíte Rio Negro (640 a 600 Ma até o Ordoviciano Médio. Sob o ponto de vista tectônico, toda a área de trabalho pode ser dividida em dois blocos crustais. O Bloco Serra dos Órgãos, que sofreu uma anatexia crustal ampla e dentro do qual se situam os corpos magmáticos brasilianos; é considerado a Zona Central do Orógeno Brasiliano. O Bloco de Cabo Frio, considerado como a Zona Marginal do mesmo orógeno, é destituído de granitóides brasilianos, e expõe em vastas áreas o embasamento Paleoproterozóico, com suas estruturas pré-brasilianas preservadas na orla litorânea. Contém raros pegmatitos, do tipo simples, que ocorrem isoladamente, formados pela anatexia local das encaixantes. Pela interpretação de todos os dados 187 Anuário do Instituto de Geociências - UFRJ Volume 26 / 2003 disponíveis, os dois blocos tiveram uma evolução em comum, mas se diferenciam sobretudo pelo grau de anatexia que teriam sofrido durante a Orogênse Brasiliana e pela conseqüente ausência de granitogênese no Bloco de Cabo Frio. O Bloco Serra dos Órgãos foi aquele onde os processos de transformação crustal se deram de forma mais intensa. Autor: Diniz Tamantini Ribeiro Orientador: Fernando Roberto Mendes Pires Título: Enriquecimento supergênico de formações ferríferas bandadas: estruturas de colapso e desordem - 123 p. Resumo Processos supergênicos em Formações Ferríferas Bandadas (FFB atuam segundo importante dissolução, transporte de material e simultânea desordem das