An independent review of NCCAM-funded studies of chiropractic.
Ernst, Edzard; Posadzki, Paul
2011-05-01
To promote an independent and critical evaluation of 11 randomised clinical trials (RCTs) of chiropractic funded by the National Centre for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM). Electronic searches were conducted to identify all relevant RCTs. Key data were extracted and the risk of bias of each study was determined. Ten RCTs were included, mostly related to chiropractic spinal manipulation for musculoskeletal problems. Their quality was frequently questionable. Several RCTs failed to report adverse effects and the majority was not described in sufficient detail to allow replication. The criticism repeatedly aimed at NCCAM seems justified, as far as their RCTs of chiropractic is concerned. It seems questionable whether such research is worthwhile.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Christensen, Henrik Bærbak
These tutorials demonstrate how to use Karibu for high quality data collection, in particular how to setup a distributed Karibu system and how to adapt Karibu to your particular data collection needs....
Electromagnetism Tutorial (Tutorial de Eletromagnetismo)
Dantas, Christine C
2009-01-01
The present tutorial aims at covering the fundamentals of electromagnetism, in a condensed and clear manner. Some solved and proposed exercises have been included. The reader is assumed to have knowledge of basic electricity, partial derivatives and multiple integrals. ----- O presente tutorial visa cobrir os fundamentos do eletromagnetismo, de forma condensada e clara. Alguns exercicios resolvidos e propostos foram incluidos. Assume-se conhecimento de eletricidade basica, derivadas parciais e integrais multiplas.
CERN. Geneva; MESSMER, Peter; DEMOUTH, Julien
2015-01-01
This tutorial will present Caffee, a powerful Python library to implement solutions working on CPUs and GPUs, and explain how to use it to build and train Convolutional Neural Networks using NVIDIA GPUs. The session requires no prior experience with GPUs or Caffee.
CERN. Geneva; VOSS, Helge
2015-01-01
This tutorial will both give an introduction on how to use TMVA in root6 and showcase some new features, such as modularity, variable importance, interfaces to R and python. After explaining the basic functionality, the typical steps required during a real life application (such as variable selection, pre-processing, tuning and classifier evaluation) will be demonstrated on simple examples. First part of the tutorial will use the usual Root interface (please make sure you have Root 6.04 installed somewhere). The second part will utilize the new server notebook functionality of Root as a Service. If you are within CERN but outside the venue or outside CERN please consult the notes attached.
Escape rates for Gibbs measures
Ferguson, Andrew
2010-01-01
We study the asymptotic behaviour of the escape rate of a Gibbs measure supported on a conformal repeller through a small hole. There are additional applications to the convergence of Hausdorff dimension of the survivor set.
Gibbs Sampling for the Uninitiated
2010-04-01
CS-TR-4956 UMIACS-TR-2010-04 LAMP-TR-153 April 2010 GIBBS SAMPLING FOR THE UNINITIATED Philip Resnik Eric Hardisty Department of Linguistics...Institute for Advanced Computer Studies University of Maryland College Park, MD 20742-3275 resnik AT umd.edu Department of Computer Science Institute for...Prescribed by ANSI Std Z39-18 Gibbs Sampling for the Uninitiated Philip Resnik Department of Linguistics and Institute for Advanced Computer Studies
Gibbs Ensembles of Nonintersecting Paths
Borodin, Alexei
2008-01-01
We consider a family of determinantal random point processes on the two-dimensional lattice and prove that members of our family can be interpreted as a kind of Gibbs ensembles of nonintersecting paths. Examples include probability measures on lozenge and domino tilings of the plane, some of which are non-translation-invariant. The correlation kernels of our processes can be viewed as extensions of the discrete sine kernel, and we show that the Gibbs property is a consequence of simple linear relations satisfied by these kernels. The processes depend on infinitely many parameters, which are closely related to parametrization of totally positive Toeplitz matrices.
CJS 211 Course Tutorial/TutorialRank
candice
2015-01-01
For more course tutorials visit www.tutorialrank.com Tutorial Purchased: 8 Times, Rating: A+ CJS 211 Week 1 Individual Assignment Ethical Dilemma Paper CJS 211 Week 1 DQ 1 CJS 211 Week 1 DQ 2 CJS 211 Week 2 Individual Assignment Ethical Dilemma Worksheet Law Enforcement CJS 211 Week 2 DQ 1 CJS 211 Week 2 DQ 2 CJS 211 Week 2 Team Assignment Ethical Decision Making Paper CJS 211 Week 3 Individual Assignment Ethical Dilemma Worksheet Prosecutors...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Dotoli, M.; Jantzen, Jan
1999-01-01
The tutorial concerns automatic control of an inverted pendulum, especially rule based control by means of fuzzy logic. A ball balancer, implemented in a software simulator in Matlab, is used as a practical case study. The objectives of the tutorial are to teach the basics of fuzzy control......, and to show how to apply fuzzy logic in automatic control. The tutorial is distance learning, where students interact one-to-one with the teacher using e-mail....
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Dotoli, M.; Jantzen, Jan
1999-01-01
The tutorial concerns automatic control of an inverted pendulum, especially rule based control by means of fuzzy logic. A ball balancer, implemented in a software simulator in Matlab, is used as a practical case study. The objectives of the tutorial are to teach the basics of fuzzy control, and t......, and to show how to apply fuzzy logic in automatic control. The tutorial is distance learning, where students interact one-to-one with the teacher using e-mail....
VARIATIONAL PRINCIPLE FOR FUZZY GIBBS MEASURES
Verbitskiy, Evgeny
2010-01-01
In this paper we study a large class of renormalization transformations of measures on lattices. An image of a Gibbs measure under such transformation is called a fuzzy Gibbs measure. Transformations of this type and fuzzy Gibbs measures appear naturally in many fields. Examples include the hidden M
Gibbs Paradox and Similarity Principle
Lin, Shu-Kun
2008-01-01
Adding -lnN! term to the accepted entropy formula will immediately make the entropy function nonadditive and sometimes negative. As no heat effect and mechanical work are observed, we have a simple experimental resolution of the Gibbs paradox: the thermodynamic entropy of mixing is always zero and the Gibbs free energy change is also always zero during the formation of any ideal mixture of gases, liquids, solids or solutions, whether their components are different or identical. However, information loss is observed and must be the exclusive driving force of these spontaneous processes. Information is defined and calculated as the amount of the compressed data. Information losses due to dynamic motion and static symmetric structure formation are defined as two kinds of entropies-dynamic entropy and static entropy, respectively. Entropy is defined and calculated as the logarithm of the symmetry number. There are three laws of information theory, where the first and the second laws are analogs of the two thermod...
Gershanov, V. Yu.; Garmashov, S. I.
2015-01-01
We prove the existence of an effect inverse to the Gibbs-Thomson effect for mass transfer in systems consisting of a solid phase and the solution of the solid phase material in a certain solvent. The effect involves a change in the shape of the interface due to a variation of the equilibrium concentrations under it, which is induced by external conditions, and exists in the presence of a negative feedback for mass transfer associated with capillary effects.
Generating Consistent Program Tutorials
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Vestdam, Thomas
2002-01-01
In this paper we present a tool that supports construction of program tutorials. A program tutorial provides the reader with an understanding of an example program by interleaving fragments of source code and explaining text. An example program can for example illustrate how to use a library...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Andrei A. Fedoseev
2014-01-01
Full Text Available The article analyzes effective electronic tutorials creation and application based on the theory of pedagogy. Herewith the issues of necessary electronic tutorial functional, ways of the educational process organization with the use of information and communication technologies and the logistics of electronic educational resources are touched upon.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Holland, Marika
2014-08-11
The 2014 annual tutorial for the Community Earth System Model (CESM) was held on August 11-August 15, 2014 at the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, CO. It included lectures and practical sessions on numerous aspects of the CESM model. The proceedings submitted here include a description of the tutorial.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hyldegård, Jette; Lund, Haakon
2012-01-01
The paper presents the results from a study on information literacy in a higher education (HE) context based on a larger research project evaluating 3 Norwegian IL web tutorials at 6 universities and colleges in Norway. The aim was to evaluate how the 3 web tutorials served students’ information...... seeking and writing process in an study context and to identify barriers to the employment and use of the IL web tutorials, hence to the underlying information literacy intentions by the developer. Both qualitative and quantitative methods were employed. A clear mismatch was found between intention...... and use of the web tutorials. In addition, usability only played a minor role compared to relevance. It is concluded that the positive expectations of the IL web tutorials tend to be overrated by the developers. Suggestions for further research are presented....
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hyldegård, Jette; Lund, Haakon
2012-01-01
The paper presents the results from a study on information literacy in a higher education (HE) context based on a larger research project evaluating 3 Norwegian IL web tutorials at 6 universities and colleges in Norway. The aim was to evaluate how the 3 web tutorials served students’ information...... seeking and writing process in an study context and to identify barriers to the employment and use of the IL web tutorials, hence to the underlying information literacy intentions by the developer. Both qualitative and quantitative methods were employed. A clear mismatch was found between intention...
Adult nutrition assessment tutorial
This tutorial presents a systematic approach to nutrition assessment based on a modern appreciation for the contributions of inflammation that serve as the foundation for newly proposed consensus definitions for malnutrition syndromes. Practical indicators of malnutrition and inflammation have been ...
Dynamical Gibbs-non-Gibbs transitions : a study via coupling and large deviations
Wang, Feijia
2012-01-01
In this thesis we use both the two-layer and the large-deviation approach to study the conservation and loss of the Gibbs property for both lattice and mean-field spin systems. Chapter 1 gives general backgrounds on Gibbs and non-Gibbs measures and outlines the the two-layer and the large-deviation
Enzyme Catalysis and the Gibbs Energy
Ault, Addison
2009-01-01
Gibbs-energy profiles are often introduced during the first semester of organic chemistry, but are less often presented in connection with enzyme-catalyzed reactions. In this article I show how the Gibbs-energy profile corresponds to the characteristic kinetics of a simple enzyme-catalyzed reaction. (Contains 1 figure and 1 note.)
Transportation inequalities: From Poisson to Gibbs measures
Ma, Yutao; Wang, Xinyu; Wu, Liming; 10.3150/00-BEJ268
2011-01-01
We establish an optimal transportation inequality for the Poisson measure on the configuration space. Furthermore, under the Dobrushin uniqueness condition, we obtain a sharp transportation inequality for the Gibbs measure on $\\mathbb{N}^{\\Lambda}$ or the continuum Gibbs measure on the configuration space.
Enzyme Catalysis and the Gibbs Energy
Ault, Addison
2009-01-01
Gibbs-energy profiles are often introduced during the first semester of organic chemistry, but are less often presented in connection with enzyme-catalyzed reactions. In this article I show how the Gibbs-energy profile corresponds to the characteristic kinetics of a simple enzyme-catalyzed reaction. (Contains 1 figure and 1 note.)
Mercati, Flavio
2014-01-01
Shape Dynamics (SD) is a new theory of gravity that is based on fewer and more fundamental first principles than General Relativity (GR). The most important feature of SD is the replacement of GR's relativity of simultaneity with a more tractable gauge symmetry, namely invariance under spatial conformal transformations. This Tutorial contains both a quick introduction for readers curious about SD and a detailed walk-through of the historical and conceptual motivations for the theory, its logical development from first principles and an in-depth description of its present status. The Tutorial is sufficiently self-contained for an undergrad student with some basic background in General Relativity and Lagrangian/Hamiltonian mechanics. It is intended both as a reference text for students approaching the subject, and as a review article for researchers interested in the theory. This is a first version of the Tutorial, which will be periodically expanded and updated with the latest results.
Plane geometry drawing tutorial
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Eduardo Gutiérrez de Ravé
2014-01-01
Full Text Available Se ha desarrollado un tutorial para facilitar la docencia del d ibujo geométrico. Con la idea de servir de apoyo a las explicac iones teóricas y prácticas de los conceptos correspondientes a los trazados ge ométricos planos necesarios en la ingeniería. Este tutorial es de fácil manejo y permite interactividad con el usuario, animaciones prá cticas, autoevaluaciones, explicaciones amplias del temario y l a enseñanza "paso a paso" de los conceptos gracias a los diferent es niveles de complejidad conceptual que incluye en su contenido.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Behrmann, Gerd; David, Alexandre; Larsen, Kim Guldstrand
2004-01-01
This is a tutorial paper on the tool Uppaal. Its goal is to be a short introduction on the flavor of timed automata implemented in the tool, to present its interface, and to explain how to use the tool. The contribution of the paper is to provide reference examples and modeling patterns.......This is a tutorial paper on the tool Uppaal. Its goal is to be a short introduction on the flavor of timed automata implemented in the tool, to present its interface, and to explain how to use the tool. The contribution of the paper is to provide reference examples and modeling patterns....
Staub, Florian
2016-01-01
I give in this brief tutorial a short practical introduction to the Mathematica package SARAH. First, it is shown how an existing model file can be changed to implement a new model in SARAH. In the second part, masses, vertices and renormalisation group equations are calculated with SARAH. Finally, the main commands to generate model files and output for other tools are summarised.
Fiber Nonlinearities: A Tutorial
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Govind P. Agrawal
2003-01-01
Fiber nonlinearities have long been regarded as being mostly harmful for fiber-optic communication systems. Over the last few years, however, the nonlinear effects are increasingly being used for practical telecommunications applications,the Raman amplification being only one of the recent examples. In this tutorial I review the vario us nonlinear effects occurring in optical fibers from both standpoints..
Fiber Nonlinearities: A Tutorial
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Govind; P.; Agrawal
2003-01-01
Fiber nonlinearities have long been regarded as being mostly harmful for fiber-optic communication systems. Over the last few years, however, the nonlinear effects are increasingly being used for practical telecommunications applications, the Raman amplification being only one of the recent examples. In this tutorial I review the various nonlinear effects occurring in optical fibers from both standpoints..
Tutorial on architectural acoustics
Shaw, Neil; Talaske, Rick; Bistafa, Sylvio
2002-11-01
This tutorial is intended to provide an overview of current knowledge and practice in architectural acoustics. Topics covered will include basic concepts and history, acoustics of small rooms (small rooms for speech such as classrooms and meeting rooms, music studios, small critical listening spaces such as home theatres) and the acoustics of large rooms (larger assembly halls, auditoria, and performance halls).
Eigenstate Gibbs ensemble in integrable quantum systems
Nandy, Sourav; Sen, Arnab; Das, Arnab; Dhar, Abhishek
2016-12-01
The eigenstate thermalization hypothesis conjectures that for a thermodynamically large system in one of its energy eigenstates, the reduced density matrix describing any finite subsystem is determined solely by a set of relevant conserved quantities. In a chaotic quantum system, only the energy is expected to play that role and hence eigenstates appear locally thermal. Integrable systems, on the other hand, possess an extensive number of such conserved quantities and therefore the reduced density matrix requires specification of all the corresponding parameters (generalized Gibbs ensemble). However, here we show by unbiased statistical sampling of the individual eigenstates with a given finite energy density that the local description of an overwhelming majority of these states of even such an integrable system is actually Gibbs-like, i.e., requires only the energy density of the eigenstate. Rare eigenstates that cannot be represented by the Gibbs ensemble can also be sampled efficiently by our method and their local properties are then shown to be described by appropriately truncated generalized Gibbs ensembles. We further show that the presence of these rare eigenstates differentiates the model from the chaotic case and leads to the system being described by a generalized Gibbs ensemble at long time under a unitary dynamics following a sudden quench, even when the initial state is a typical (Gibbs-like) eigenstate of the prequench Hamiltonian.
Reinforcement Learning: A Tutorial.
1997-01-01
The purpose of this tutorial is to provide an introduction to reinforcement learning (RL) at a level easily understood by students and researchers in...provides a simple example to develop intuition of the underlying dynamic programming mechanism. In Section (2) the parts of a reinforcement learning problem... reinforcement learning algorithms. These include TD(lambda) and both the residual and direct forms of value iteration, Q-learning, and advantage learning
Variational description of Gibbs-non-Gibbs dynamical transitions for the Curie-Weiss model
Fernandez, R.; den Hollander, F.; Martinez, J.
2013-01-01
We perform a detailed study of Gibbs-non-Gibbs transitions for the Curie- Weiss model subject to independent spin-flip dynamics (“infinite-temperature” dynamics). We show that, in this setup, the program outlined in van Enter et al. (Moscow Math J 10:687–711, 2010) can be fully completed, namely, Gi
Eigenstate Gibbs Ensemble in Integrable Quantum Systems
Nandy, Sourav; Das, Arnab; Dhar, Abhishek
2016-01-01
The Eigenstate Thermalization Hypothesis implies that for a thermodynamically large system in one of its eigenstates, the reduced density matrix describing any finite subsystem is determined solely by a set of {\\it relevant} conserved quantities. In a generic system, only the energy plays that role and hence eigenstates appear locally thermal. Integrable systems, on the other hand, possess an extensive number of such conserved quantities and hence the reduced density matrix requires specification of an infinite number of parameters (Generalized Gibbs Ensemble). However, here we show by unbiased statistical sampling of the individual eigenstates with a given finite energy density, that the local description of an overwhelming majority of these states of even such an integrable system is actually Gibbs-like, i.e. requires only the energy density of the eigenstate. Rare eigenstates that cannot be represented by the Gibbs ensemble can also be sampled efficiently by our method and their local properties are then s...
FIN 320 UOP Course Tutorial/TutorialRank
apj
2015-01-01
For more course tutorials visit www.tutorialrank.com Tutorial Purchased: 0 Times, Rating: No Rating What are differences between accounting and finance? What are the roles of financial managers? What are their fiduciary responsibilities? By what ethical standards should they abide?
FIN 320(UOP) UOP Course Tutorial/TutorialRank
apj
2015-01-01
For more course tutorials visit www.tutorialrank.com Tutorial Purchased: 0 Times, Rating: No Rating What are differences between accounting and finance? What are the roles of financial managers? What are their fiduciary responsibilities? By what ethical standards should they abide?
PhyloGibbs-MP: module prediction and discriminative motif-finding by Gibbs sampling.
Siddharthan, Rahul
2008-08-29
PhyloGibbs, our recent Gibbs-sampling motif-finder, takes phylogeny into account in detecting binding sites for transcription factors in DNA and assigns posterior probabilities to its predictions obtained by sampling the entire configuration space. Here, in an extension called PhyloGibbs-MP, we widen the scope of the program, addressing two major problems in computational regulatory genomics. First, PhyloGibbs-MP can localise predictions to small, undetermined regions of a large input sequence, thus effectively predicting cis-regulatory modules (CRMs) ab initio while simultaneously predicting binding sites in those modules-tasks that are usually done by two separate programs. PhyloGibbs-MP's performance at such ab initio CRM prediction is comparable with or superior to dedicated module-prediction software that use prior knowledge of previously characterised transcription factors. Second, PhyloGibbs-MP can predict motifs that differentiate between two (or more) different groups of regulatory regions, that is, motifs that occur preferentially in one group over the others. While other "discriminative motif-finders" have been published in the literature, PhyloGibbs-MP's implementation has some unique features and flexibility. Benchmarks on synthetic and actual genomic data show that this algorithm is successful at enhancing predictions of differentiating sites and suppressing predictions of common sites and compares with or outperforms other discriminative motif-finders on actual genomic data. Additional enhancements include significant performance and speed improvements, the ability to use "informative priors" on known transcription factors, and the ability to output annotations in a format that can be visualised with the Generic Genome Browser. In stand-alone motif-finding, PhyloGibbs-MP remains competitive, outperforming PhyloGibbs-1.0 and other programs on benchmark data.
PhyloGibbs-MP: module prediction and discriminative motif-finding by Gibbs sampling.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Rahul Siddharthan
Full Text Available PhyloGibbs, our recent Gibbs-sampling motif-finder, takes phylogeny into account in detecting binding sites for transcription factors in DNA and assigns posterior probabilities to its predictions obtained by sampling the entire configuration space. Here, in an extension called PhyloGibbs-MP, we widen the scope of the program, addressing two major problems in computational regulatory genomics. First, PhyloGibbs-MP can localise predictions to small, undetermined regions of a large input sequence, thus effectively predicting cis-regulatory modules (CRMs ab initio while simultaneously predicting binding sites in those modules-tasks that are usually done by two separate programs. PhyloGibbs-MP's performance at such ab initio CRM prediction is comparable with or superior to dedicated module-prediction software that use prior knowledge of previously characterised transcription factors. Second, PhyloGibbs-MP can predict motifs that differentiate between two (or more different groups of regulatory regions, that is, motifs that occur preferentially in one group over the others. While other "discriminative motif-finders" have been published in the literature, PhyloGibbs-MP's implementation has some unique features and flexibility. Benchmarks on synthetic and actual genomic data show that this algorithm is successful at enhancing predictions of differentiating sites and suppressing predictions of common sites and compares with or outperforms other discriminative motif-finders on actual genomic data. Additional enhancements include significant performance and speed improvements, the ability to use "informative priors" on known transcription factors, and the ability to output annotations in a format that can be visualised with the Generic Genome Browser. In stand-alone motif-finding, PhyloGibbs-MP remains competitive, outperforming PhyloGibbs-1.0 and other programs on benchmark data.
Uptodate: tutorial. Desembre 2010
Universitat de Barcelona. CRAI
2010-01-01
Tutorial de consulta de base de dades UpToDate, de medicina clínica basada en l'evidència Uptodate. Proporciona accés sintetitzat a informació mèdica. Conté revisions originals escrites per reconeguts experts que analitzen casos clínics concrets i proporcionen les recomanacions pertinents. Centrat en resoldre qüestions sobre l'atenció als pacients i facilitar la pressa de decisions en la pràctica clínica diària.
Generalization of Gibbs Entropy and Thermodynamic Relation
Park, Jun Chul
2010-01-01
In this paper, we extend Gibbs's approach of quasi-equilibrium thermodynamic processes, and calculate the microscopic expression of entropy for general non-equilibrium thermodynamic processes. Also, we analyze the formal structure of thermodynamic relation in non-equilibrium thermodynamic processes.
Illustrating Enzyme Inhibition Using Gibbs Energy Profiles
Bearne, Stephen L.
2012-01-01
Gibbs energy profiles have great utility as teaching and learning tools because they present students with a visual representation of the energy changes that occur during enzyme catalysis. Unfortunately, most textbooks divorce discussions of traditional kinetic topics, such as enzyme inhibition, from discussions of these same topics in terms of…
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hu, Jonathan Joseph [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Wiesner, Tobias A. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Prokopenko, Andrey [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Gee, Michael [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
2014-10-01
The MueLu tutorial is written as a hands-on tutorial for MueLu, the next generation multigrid framework in Trilinos. It covers the whole spectrum from absolute beginners’ topics to expert level. Since the focus of this tutorial is on practical and technical aspects of multigrid methods in general and MueLu in particular, the reader is expected to have a basic understanding of multigrid methods and its general underlying concepts. Please refer to multigrid textbooks (e.g. [1]) for the theoretical background.
A NOTE ON THE PROJECTION OF GIBBS MEASURES
LORINCZI, J; VANDEVELDE, K
1994-01-01
We give an example of a projection which maps two Gibbs measures for the same interaction into Gibbs measures for different interactions. As a corollary we find a case where by decimation a non-Gibbsian measure is transformed into a Gibbs measure.
CERN. Geneva; Manzoni, Alex Marc
2017-01-01
This short tutorial explains how to create a CONFERENCE in indico and how to handle abstracts and registration forms, in detail: Timestamps: 1:01 - Programme 2:28 - Call for abstracts 11:50 - Abstract submission 13:41 - Abstract Review 15:41 - The Judge's Role 17:23 - Registration forms' creation 23:34 - Candidate participant's registration/application 25:54 - Customisation of Indico pages - Layout 28:08 - Customisation of Indico pages - Menus 29:47 - Configuring Event reminders and import into calendaring tools See HERE a recent presentation by Pedro about the above steps in the life of an indico CONFERENCE event.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2008-01-01
2008年7月10日，为工模具制造商和零部件制造商提供CAD／CAM完整解决方案的领导者Cimatron有限公司宣布，其子公司Microsystem Srl．公司将在意大利销售先进的加工软件解决方案GibbsCAM，并提供技术支持。GibbsCAM软件解决方案为加工、车、车铣复合、旋转铣削、墓石加工系统、线切割、多刀塔／多主轴机床等提供广泛的CNC编程功能。专门适用于制造业的建模功能性调谐，支持线框、曲面、实体等的创建和操作。GibbsCAM软件采用了直观用户界面，内置结合性与仿真功能，能使制造商提高生产力，提高对客户要求的反应速度。GibbsCAM软件支持先进的供应商的控制器和机床，包括GE Fanuc，Infimatic，西门子，Doosan Infracore，Haas，index，MAG Fadal，Matsuura，Mazak，三菱，Mori Seiki，Nakamura Tome和Tornos等。
Gibbs free energy assisted passivation layers
Salihoglu, Omer; Tansel, T.; Hostut, M.; Ergun, Y.; Aydinli, A.
2016-05-01
Reduction of surface leakage is a major challenge in most photodetectors that requires the elimination of surface oxides on etched mesas during passivation. Engineering the passivation requires close attention to chemical reactions that take place at the interface during the process. In particular, removal of surface oxides may be controlled via Gibbs reactivity. We have compared electrical performance of type-II superlattice photodetectors, designed for MWIR operation, passivated by different passivation techniques. We have used ALD deposited Al2O3, HfO2, TiO2, ZnO, PECVD deposited SiO2, Si3N4 and sulphur containing octadecanethiol (ODT) selfassembled monolayers (SAM) passivation layers on InAs/GaSb p-i-n superlattice photodetectors with cutoff wavelength at 5.1 μm. In this work, we have compared the result of different passivation techniques which are done under same conditions, same epitaxial structure and same fabrication processes. We have found that ALD deposited passivation is directly related to the Gibbs free energy of the passivation material. Gibbs free energies of the passivation layer can directly be compared with native surface oxides to check the effectiveness of the passivation layer before the experimental study.
Beyond Gibbs-Boltzmann-Shannon: General Entropies -- The Gibbs-Lorentzian Example
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Rudolf A. Treumann
2014-08-01
Full Text Available We propose a generalisation of Gibbs' statistical mechanics into the domain of non-negligible phase space correlations. Derived are the probability distribution and entropy as a generalised ensemble average, replacing Gibbs-Boltzmann-Shannon's entropy definition enabling construction of new forms of statistical mechanics. The general entropy may also be of importance in information theory and data analysis. Application to generalised Lorentzian phase space elements yields the Gibbs-Lorentzian power law probability distribution and statistical mechanics. The corresponding Boltzmann, Fermi and Bose-Einstein distributions are found. They apply only to finite temperature states including correlations. As a by-product any negative absolute temperatures are categorically excluded, supporting a recent ``no-negative $T$ claim.
Hadoop Tutorials - Hadoop Foundations
CERN. Geneva; Lanza Garcia, Daniel
2016-01-01
The Hadoop ecosystem is the leading opensource platform for distributed storage and processing of "big data". The Hadoop platform is available at CERN as a central service provided by the IT department. This tutorial organized by the IT Hadoop service, aims to introduce the main concepts about Hadoop technology in a practical way and is targeted to those who would like to start using the service for distributed parallel data processing. The main topics that will be covered are: Hadoop architecture and available components How to perform distributed parallel processing in order to explore and create reports with SQL (with Apache Impala) on example data. Using a HUE - Hadoop web UI for presenting the results in user friendly way. How to format and/or structure data in order to make data processing more efficient - by using various data formats/containers and partitioning techniques (Avro, Parquet, HBase). ...
FIN 370new UOP Course Tutorial/TutorialRank
2015-01-01
For more course tutorials visit www.tutorialrank.com Tutorial Purchased: 24 Times, Rating: A+ 1.Which of the following is true regarding Investment Banks? 2. We compute the profitability index of a capital-budgeting proposal by Initial outlay = $1,748.80 3. Project Sigma requires an investment of $1 million and has a NPV of $10. Project Delta requires an investment of $500,000 and has a NPV of $150,000. The projects involve unrelated new product lines. What ...
Quantitative Microbial Risk Assessment Tutorial - Primer
This document provides a Quantitative Microbial Risk Assessment (QMRA) primer that organizes QMRA tutorials. The tutorials describe functionality of a QMRA infrastructure, guide the user through software use and assessment options, provide step-by-step instructions for implementi...
Heterogeneous nucleation in solutions: generalized Gibbs' approach.
Abyzov, Alexander S; Schmelzer, Jürn W P
2014-06-28
Heterogeneous nucleation in solutions on planar solid surfaces is modeled taking into account changes of the state parameters of the critical clusters in dependence on supersaturation. The account of the variation of the state parameters of the cluster phase on nucleation is performed in the framework of the generalized Gibbs' approach. A regular solution is chosen as a model for the analysis of the basic qualitative characteristics of the process. It is shown that, employing the generalized Gibbs approach, contact angle and catalytic activity factor for heterogeneous nucleation become dependent on the degree of metastability (supersaturation) of the solution. For the case of formation of a cluster in supersaturated solutions on a surface of low wettability (the macroscopic equilibrium contact angles being larger than 90°), the solid surface has only a minor influence on nucleation. In the alternative case of high wettability (for macroscopic equilibrium contact angles being less than 90°), nucleation is significantly enhanced by the solid surface. Effectively, the existence of the solid surface results in a significant shift of the spinodal to lower supersaturations as compared with homogeneous nucleation. Qualitatively, the same behavior is observed now near the new (solid surface induced) limits of instability of the solution as compared with the behavior near to the spinodal curve in the case of homogeneous nucleation.
Generalized Gibbs' approach in heterogeneous nucleation.
Abyzov, Alexander S; Schmelzer, Jürn W P
2013-04-28
Heterogeneous nucleation (condensation and boiling) on planar solid surfaces is described taking into account changes of the state parameters of the critical clusters in dependence on supersaturation. The account of the variation of the state parameters of the cluster phase on nucleation is performed in the framework of the generalized Gibbs' approach. One-component van der Waals fluids are chosen as a model for the analysis of the basic qualitative characteristics of the process. The analysis is performed for both hydrophobic and hydrophilic surfaces and similarities and differences between condensation and boiling processes are discussed for the two different cases. It is shown that, in the generalized Gibbs' approach, contact angle and catalytic factor for heterogeneous nucleation become dependent on the degree of metastability (undercooling or superheating) of the fluid. For the case of formation of a droplet in supersaturated vapor on a hydrophobic surface and bubble formation in a liquid on a hydrophilic surface the solid surface has only a minor influence on nucleation. In the alternative cases of condensation of a droplet on a hydrophilic surface and of bubble formation in a liquid on a hydrophobic surface, nucleation is significantly enhanced by the solid. Effectively, the existence of the solid surface results in a significant shift of the spinodal to lower supersaturations as compared with homogeneous nucleation. Qualitatively the same behavior is observed now near the new (solid surface induced) limits of instability of the fluid as compared with the behavior near to the spinodal curve in the case of homogeneous nucleation.
Reflections on Gibbs: From Statistical Physics to the Amistad
Kadanoff, Leo P
2014-01-01
This note is based upon a talk given at a celebration in Austin Texas of the achievements of J. Willard Gibbs. J. Willard Gibbs, the younger, was the first American physical sciences theorist. He was one of the inventors of statistical physics. He introduced and developed the concepts of phase space, phase transitions, and thermodynamic surfaces in a remarkably correct and elegant manner. These three concepts form the basis of different areas of physics. The connection among these areas has been a subject of deep reflection from Gibbs' time to our own. This talk therefore tries to celebrate Gibbs by talking about modern ideas about how different parts of physics fit together. At the end of the talk, I shall get to a more personal note. Our own J. Willard Gibbs had all his achievements concentrated in science. His father, also J. Willard Gibbs, also a Professor at Yale, had one great achievement that remains unmatched in our day. I shall describe it.
CERN. Geneva
2005-01-01
With open access and repositories assuming a high profile some may question whether advocacy is still necessary. Those involved in the business of setting up and populating repositories are aware that in the majority of institutions there is still a great need for advocacy. This tutorial will give participants an opportunity to discuss different advocacy methods and approaches, including the 'top down' and 'bottom up' approach, publicity methods and the opportunities offered by funding body positions on open access. Participants will have the opportunity to share experiences of what works and what doesn't. The advocacy role often encompasses responsibility for advising academics on IPR issues. This is a particularly critical area where repository staff are engaged in depositing content on behalf of academics. The tutorial will offer an opportunity to discuss the IPR issues encountered by those managing repositories. The tutorial will draw on the experience of participants who have been engaged in advocacy act...
Tutorials in complex photonic media
Noginov, Mikhail A; McCall, Martin W; Zheludev, Nikolay I
2010-01-01
The field of complex photonic media encompasses many leading-edge areas in physics, chemistry, nanotechnology, materials science, and engineering. In Tutorials in Complex Photonic Media , leading experts have brought together 19 tutorials on breakthroughs in modern optics, such as negative refraction, chiral media, plasmonics, photonic crystals, and organic photonics. This text will help students, engineers, and scientists entering the field to become familiar with the interrelated aspects of the subject. It also serves well as a supplemental text in introductory and advanced courses on optica
CERN. Geneva
2016-01-01
Mail2print is a feature which allows you to send documents to a printer by mail. This tutorial (text attached to the event page) explains how to use this service. Content owner: Vincent Nicolas Bippus Presenter: Pedro Augusto de Freitas Batista Tell us what you think via e-learning.support at cern.ch More tutorials in the e-learning collection of the CERN Document Server (CDS) https://cds.cern.ch/collection/E-learning%20modules?ln=en All info about the CERN rapid e-learning project is linked from http://twiki.cern.ch/ELearning
Historical review of tutorial in education
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
María Gabriela Luna Pérez
2015-01-01
Full Text Available For centuries, tutorials have always been of an individual character in the history of education. The paper reviews how tutorials in education have evolved from ancient Greece to the present by considering taking into account the following aspects: a its general understanding, b the favorite areas of orientation c the role of learning guiding process d the supporting role of tutorials. We offer a historical account of tutorials development in Mexican Education. The study provides the main trends of tutorial activities in primary education, the evidence confirmed that tutoring has evolved from the learning of philosophical and ethical questions to the multiple learning involving competencies.
A Gibbs Sampler for Multivariate Linear Regression
Mantz, Adam B
2015-01-01
Kelly (2007, hereafter K07) described an efficient algorithm, using Gibbs sampling, for performing linear regression in the fairly general case where non-zero measurement errors exist for both the covariates and response variables, where these measurements may be correlated (for the same data point), where the response variable is affected by intrinsic scatter in addition to measurement error, and where the prior distribution of covariates is modeled by a flexible mixture of Gaussians rather than assumed to be uniform. Here I extend the K07 algorithm in two ways. First, the procedure is generalized to the case of multiple response variables. Second, I describe how to model the prior distribution of covariates using a Dirichlet process, which can be thought of as a Gaussian mixture where the number of mixture components is learned from the data. I present an example of multivariate regression using the extended algorithm, namely fitting scaling relations of the gas mass, temperature, and luminosity of dynamica...
New active asteroid 313P/Gibbs
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Jewitt, David; Hui, Man-To; Li, Jing [Department of Earth, Planetary and Space Sciences, UCLA, 595 Charles Young Drive East, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1567 (United States); Agarwal, Jessica [Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Max-Planck-Str. 2, D-37191 Katlenburg-Lindau (Germany); Peixinho, Nuno [Unidad de Astronomía, Fac. de Ciencias Básicas, Universidad de Antofagasta, Avda. U. de Antofagasta 02800, Antofagasta (Chile); Weaver, Harold [The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, 11100 Johns Hopkins Road, Laurel, Maryland, MD 20723 (United States); Mutchler, Max [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Larson, Stephen, E-mail: jewitt@ucla.edu [Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, University of Arizona, 1629 E. University Blvd. Tucson AZ 85721-0092 (United States)
2015-02-01
We present initial observations of the newly discovered active asteroid 313P/Gibbs (formerly P/2014 S4), taken to characterize its nucleus and comet-like activity. The central object has a radius ∼0.5 km (geometric albedo 0.05 assumed). We find no evidence for secondary nuclei and set (with qualifications) an upper limit to the radii of such objects near 20 m, assuming the same albedo. Both aperture photometry and a morphological analysis of the ejected dust show that mass-loss is continuous at rates ∼0.2–0.4 kg s{sup −1}, inconsistent with an impact origin. Large dust particles, with radii ∼50–100 μm, dominate the optical appearance. At 2.4 AU from the Sun, the surface equilibrium temperatures are too low for thermal or desiccation stresses to be responsible for the ejection of dust. No gas is spectroscopically detected (limiting the gas mass-loss rate to <1.8 kg s{sup −1}). However, the protracted emission of dust seen in our data and the detection of another episode of dust release near perihelion, in archival observations from 2003, are highly suggestive of an origin by the sublimation of ice. Coincidentally, the orbit of 313P/Gibbs is similar to those of several active asteroids independently suspected to be ice sublimators, including P/2012 T1, 238P/Read, and 133P/Elst–Pizarro, suggesting that ice is abundant in the outer asteroid belt.
Online Searching in PBL Tutorials
Jin, Jun; Bridges, Susan M.; Botelho, Michael G.; Chan, Lap Ki
2015-01-01
This study aims to explore how online searching plays a role during PBL tutorials in two undergraduate health sciences curricula, Medicine and Dentistry. Utilizing Interactional Ethnography (IE) as an organizing framework for data collection and analysis, and drawing on a critical theory of technology as an explanatory lens, enabled a textured…
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Lund, Haakon; Pors, Niels Ole
2012-01-01
Purpose – The purpose of the research is to investigate Norwegian web‐tutorials in contexts consisting of organizational issues and different forms of usability in relation to students’ perception and use of the system. Further, the research investigates the usefulness of the concepts concerning...
Tutorial Instruction in Science Education
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Rhea Miles
2015-06-01
Full Text Available The purpose of the study is to examine the tutorial practices of in-service teachers to address the underachievement in the science education of K-12 students. Method: In-service teachers in Virginia and North Carolina were given a survey questionnaire to examine how they tutored students who were in need of additional instruction. Results: When these teachers were asked, “How do you describe a typical one-on-one science tutorial session?” the majority of their responses were categorized as teacher-directed. Many of the teachers would provide a science tutorial session for a student after school for 16-30 minutes, one to three times a week. Respondents also indicated they would rely on technology, peer tutoring, scientific inquiry, or themselves for one-on-one science instruction. Over half of the in-service teachers that responded to the questionnaire stated that they would never rely on outside assistance, such as a family member or an after school program to provide tutorial services in science. Additionally, very few reported that they incorporated the ethnicity, culture, or the native language of ELL students into their science tutoring sessions.
Online Searching in PBL Tutorials
Jin, Jun; Bridges, Susan M.; Botelho, Michael G.; Chan, Lap Ki
2015-01-01
This study aims to explore how online searching plays a role during PBL tutorials in two undergraduate health sciences curricula, Medicine and Dentistry. Utilizing Interactional Ethnography (IE) as an organizing framework for data collection and analysis, and drawing on a critical theory of technology as an explanatory lens, enabled a textured…
Hypermedia 1990 structured Hypertext tutorial
Johnson, J. Scott
1990-01-01
Hypermedia 1990 structured Hypertext tutorial is presented in the form of view-graphs. The following subject areas are covered: structured hypertext; analyzing hypertext documents for structure; designing structured hypertext documents; creating structured hypertext applications; structuring service and repair documents; maintaining structured hypertext documents; and structured hypertext conclusion.
A brief critique of the Adam-Gibbs entropy model
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Dyre, J. C.; Hecksher, Tina; Niss, Kristine
2009-01-01
This paper critically discusses the entropy model proposed by Adam and Gibbs in 1965 for the dramatic temperature dependence of glass-forming liquids' average relaxation time, which is one of the most influential models during the last four decades. We discuss the Adam-Gibbs model's theoretical...
The combination of transformed and constrained Gibbs energies.
Blomberg, Peter B A; Koukkari, Pertti S
2009-08-01
Gibbs free energy is the thermodynamic potential representing the fundamental equation at constant temperature, pressure, and molar amounts. Transformed Gibbs energies are important for biochemical systems because the local concentrations within cell compartments cannot yet be determined accurately. The method of Constrained Gibbs Energies adds kinetic reaction extent limitations to the internal constraints of the system thus extending the range of applicability of equilibrium thermodynamics from predefined constraints to dynamic constraints, e.g., adding time-dependent constraints of irreversible chemical change. In this article, the implementation and use of Transformed Gibbs Energies in the Gibbs energy minimization framework is demonstrated with educational examples. The combined method has the advantage of being able to calculate transient thermodynamic properties during dynamic simulation.
Science Information Literacy Tutorials and Pedagogy
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ping Li
2011-06-01
Full Text Available Objective – This study examined information literacy tutorials in science. The goals of the research were to identify which of the information literacy standards for science, engineering and technology were addressed in the tutorials, and the extent that the tutorials incorporated good pedagogical elements.Methods – The researcher chose for review 31 of the tutorials selected by members of the ACRL Science & Technology Section (STS Information Literacy Committee. She carefully analyzed the tutorials and developed a database with codes for the topic of each tutorial, the STS information literacy standard(s addressed by the tutorial, and whether good pedagogical elements were incorporated. The entire analysis and coding procedure was repeated three times to ensure consistency.Results – The tutorials analyzed in this study covered various subjects and addressed all the (STS information literacy standards. The tutorials presented information clearly and allowed users to select their own learning paths. The incorporation of good pedagogical elements was limited, especially in relation to active learning elements.Conclusions – Web tutorials have been accepted as effective information literacy instruction tools and have been used to teach all elements of the STS information literacy standards. Yet, ensuring they provide a real learning experience for students remains a challenge. More serious thought needs to be given to integrating good pedagogy into these instructional tools in order to attain deep learning.
ROOT Tutorial for Summer Students
CERN. Geneva; Piparo, Danilo
2015-01-01
ROOT is a "batteries-included" tool kit for data analysis, storage and visualization. It is widely used in High Energy Physics and other disciplines such as Biology, Finance and Astrophysics. This event is an introductory tutorial to ROOT and comprises a front lecture and hands on exercises. IMPORTANT NOTE: The tutorial is based on ROOT 6.04 and NOT on the ROOT5 series. IMPORTANT NOTE: if you have ROOT 6.04 installed on your laptop, you will not need to install any virtual machine. The instructions showing how to install the virtual machine on which you can find ROOT 6.04 can be found under "Material" on this page.
A Gibbs Sampler for Learning DAGs
Goudie, Robert J. B.; Mukherjee, Sach
2017-01-01
We propose a Gibbs sampler for structure learning in directed acyclic graph (DAG) models. The standard Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithms used for learning DAGs are random-walk Metropolis-Hastings samplers. These samplers are guaranteed to converge asymptotically but often mix slowly when exploring the large graph spaces that arise in structure learning. In each step, the sampler we propose draws entire sets of parents for multiple nodes from the appropriate conditional distribution. This provides an efficient way to make large moves in graph space, permitting faster mixing whilst retaining asymptotic guarantees of convergence. The conditional distribution is related to variable selection with candidate parents playing the role of covariates or inputs. We empirically examine the performance of the sampler using several simulated and real data examples. The proposed method gives robust results in diverse settings, outperforming several existing Bayesian and frequentist methods. In addition, our empirical results shed some light on the relative merits of Bayesian and constraint-based methods for structure learning.
New Active Asteroid 313P/Gibbs
Jewitt, David; Peixinho, Nuno; Weaver, Harold; Mutchler, Max; Hui, Man-To; Li, Jing; Larson, Stephen
2014-01-01
We present initial observations of the newly-discovered active asteroid 313P/Gibbs (formerly P/2014 S4), taken to characterize its nucleus and comet-like activity. The central object has a radius $\\sim$0.5 km (geometric albedo 0.05 assumed). We find no evidence for secondary nuclei and set (with qualifications) an upper limit to the radii of such objects near 25 m, assuming the same albedo. Both aperture photometry and a morphological analysis of the ejected dust show that mass-loss is continuous at rates $\\sim$0.2 to 0.4 kg s$^{-1}$, inconsistent with an impact origin. Large dust particles, with radii $\\sim$50 to 100 $\\mu$m, dominate the optical appearance. At 2.4 AU from the Sun, the surface equilibrium temperatures are too low for thermal or desiccation stresses to be responsible for the ejection of dust. No gas is spectroscopically detected (limiting the gas mass loss rate to $<$1.8 kg s$^{-1}$). However, the protracted emission of dust seen in our data and the detection of another episode of dust rele...
Psychoanalytic Interpretation of Blueberries by Susan Gibb
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Maya Zalbidea Paniagua
2014-06-01
Full Text Available Blueberries (2009 by Susan Gibb, published in the ELO (Electronic Literature Organization, invites the reader to travel inside the protagonist’s mind to discover real and imaginary experiences examining notions of gender, sex, body and identity of a traumatised woman. This article explores the verbal and visual modes in this digital short fiction following semiotic patterns as well as interpreting the psychological states that are expressed through poetical and technological components. A comparative study of the consequences of trauma in the protagonist will be developed including psychoanalytic theories by Sigmund Freud, Jacques Lacan and the feminist psychoanalysts: Melanie Klein and Bracha Ettinger. The reactions of the protagonist will be studied: loss of reality, hallucinations and Electra Complex, as well as the rise of defence mechanisms and her use of the artistic creativity as a healing therapy. The interactivity of the hypermedia, multiple paths and endings will be analyzed as a literary strategy that increases the reader’s capacity of empathizing with the speaker.
CRJ 305 ASH Tutorial/ Uoptutorial
venkatesh
2015-01-01
For more course tutorials visit www.uoptutorial.com Law - General Law Factors that Cause Crime. In Chapter 1 of Crime Prevention, the author discusses factors that cause crime. Select a specific crime or criminal issue. What are three factors that lead to the crime or criminal justice issue you identified? Identify possible solutions to the crime or criminal justice issue you selected. Why do you think these solutions would be effective ...
Tutorial on Online Partial Evaluation
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
William R. Cook
2011-09-01
Full Text Available This paper is a short tutorial introduction to online partial evaluation. We show how to write a simple online partial evaluator for a simple, pure, first-order, functional programming language. In particular, we show that the partial evaluator can be derived as a variation on a compositionally defined interpreter. We demonstrate the use of the resulting partial evaluator for program optimization in the context of model-driven development.
Creating R Packages: A Tutorial
Leisch, Friedrich
2008-01-01
This tutorial gives a practical introduction to creating R packages. We discuss how object oriented programming and S formulas can be used to give R code the usual look and feel, how to start a package from a collection of R functions, and how to test the code once the package has been created. As running example we use functions for standard linear regression analysis which are developed from scratch.
Tutorial on Online Partial Evaluation
Cook, William R; 10.4204/EPTCS.66.8
2011-01-01
This paper is a short tutorial introduction to online partial evaluation. We show how to write a simple online partial evaluator for a simple, pure, first-order, functional programming language. In particular, we show that the partial evaluator can be derived as a variation on a compositionally defined interpreter. We demonstrate the use of the resulting partial evaluator for program optimization in the context of model-driven development.
A Tutorial on Variational Integrators
Webb, Stephen D
2014-01-01
We present a brief tutorial on the nuts and bolts computation of a multisymplectic particle-in-cell algorithm using the discretized Lagrangian approach. This approach, originated by Marsden, Shadwick, and others, brings the benefits of symplectic integration of Hamiltonian systems to full electromagnetic particle-in-cell algorithms. To make the work more approachable, we present a basic discussion of the philosophy, combined with a detailed derivation of a standard 1-dimensional electrostatic particle-in-cell algorithm.
ECO 204 NEW Tutorial / Uoptutorial
Armugam
2015-01-01
For more course tutorials visit www.uoptutorial.com Circular Flow Diagram. Explain how the circular flow diagram relates to the current economic situation. Using the circular flow diagram, explain a way that your family interacts in the factor market and a way that it interacts in the products market. Supply and Demand. Analyze how the law of demand applies to a recent purchase that you made. Describe how the product has changed in price and explain whether the price ch...
Teaching Game Programming using Video Tutorials
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Majgaard, Gunver
Background. What are the learning potentials of using online video tutorials as educational tools in game programming of Mixed Reality? The paper reports on the first experiences of teaching third semester engineering students design of Mixed Reality using online step-by-step programming video...... tutorials. Mixed Reality covers in this case both Augmented and Virtual Reality. Until recently, most of the instructional support for the software and game development came from paper tutorials (van der Meij et al, 2016:332). YouTube’s rapid growth in popularity and easy to use programs for video...... and emerging topics such as Mixed Reality. Students tend to use video tutorial on their own initiative as supplementary tutorials for new and hard topics. This motivated me to use existing video tutorials as teaching materials in the course titled Mixed Reality for third semester engineering students...
Campillo Frutos, Sebastián; Sánchez López, María Cristina; Gomariz Vicente, María Ángeles; Martínez Juárez, Miriam
2009-01-01
Contenidos: La Acción tutorial. El tutor. El Plan de Acción Tutorial. Técnicas para el desarrollo de la Acción Tutorial. Materia que se imparte en el Master Universitario en Formación del Profesorado de Educación Secundaria Obligatoria y Bachillerato, Formación Profesional, Enseñanzas de Idiomas y Enseñanzas Artísticas
Gibbs-Butzer differential operators on locally compact Vilenkin groups
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
苏维宜
1996-01-01
The concept of para-differential operators over locally compact Vilenkin groups is given and their properties are studied. By means of para-linearization theorem, efforts are made to establish the basic theory of Gibbs-Butzer differential operators.
Gibbs measures and phase transitions in one-dimensional models
Mallak, Saed
2000-01-01
Ankara : Department of Mathematics and the Institute of Engineering and Sciences of Bilkent University, 2000. Thesis (Ph.D.) -- Bilkent University, 2000. Includes bibliographical references leaves 63-64 In this thesis we study the problem of limit Gibbs measures in one-dimensional models. VVe investigate uniqueness conditions for the limit Gibbs measures for one-dimensional models. VVe construct a one-dimensional model disproving a uniqueness conjecture formulated before for...
GEN 480 UOP TUTORIAL / Uoptutorial
2015-01-01
For more course tutorials visit www.uoptutorial.com GEN 480 Week 1 DQ 1 GEN 480 Week 1 DQ 2 GEN 480 Week 1 DQ 3 GEN 480 Week 1 DQ 4 GEN 480 Week 1 Individual AssignmentEthics Awareness GEN 480 Week 1 Summary GEN 480 Week 2 DQ 1 GEN 480 Week 2 DQ 2 GEN 480 Week 2 DQ 3 GEN 480 Week 2 DQ 4 GEN 480 Week 2 Individual Assignment Ethics Awareness &...
Agregar recursos en Studium. Tutorial
Universidad de Salamanca (España). Universidad Virtual
2009-01-01
A través de este tutorial se pretende dar a conocer las opciones que presenta Studium para agregar diversos tipos de recursos. Se explica de forma textual y gráfica cómo añadir y editar una etiqueta, una página de texto, una página web, enlazar diversos tipos de documentos, como un archivo o una web. Por otra parte, se presenta cómo gestionar el uso de carpetas.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Lund, Haakon; Pors, Niels Ole
2012-01-01
affordances and different forms of usability. Design/methodology/approach – The research has employed a variety of data‐collection methods including interviews with librarians, interviews and focus group interviews with students, coupled with tests of their capabilities using the systems. A detailed research...... of students were also interesting, clearly indicating marked differences in perceptions depending on study year and discipline but also different valuation of the different forms of usability. Overall, the research indicated a discrepancy between design intentions versus use and perception of the tutorials...
ACC 230 UOP TUTORIAL / Uoptutorial
Justin Bieber
2015-01-01
For more course tutorials visit www.uoptutorial.com ACC 230 Week 1 Checkpoint Financial Statements ACC 230 Week 1 DQ 1 and DQ 2 ACC 230 Week 2 CheckPoint Differentiating Depreciation Methods ACC 230 Week 2 Assignment Lucent Technologies Case ACC 230 Week 3 CheckPoint Preparing an Income Statement ACC 230 Week 3 DQ 1 and DQ 2 ACC 230 Week 4 CheckPoint Analyzing an Income Statement ACC 230 Week 4 Assignment Web Sites Search ACC 230 Week 5 Chec...
Using VMD: an introductory tutorial.
Hsin, Jen; Arkhipov, Anton; Yin, Ying; Stone, John E; Schulten, Klaus
2008-12-01
VMD (Visual Molecular Dynamics) is a molecular visualization and analysis program designed for biological systems such as proteins, nucleic acids, lipid bilayer assemblies, etc. This unit will serve as an introductory VMD tutorial. We will present several step-by-step examples of some of VMD's most popular features, including visualizing molecules in three dimensions with different drawing and coloring methods, rendering publication-quality figures, animating and analyzing the trajectory of a molecular dynamics simulation, scripting in the text-based Tcl/Tk interface, and analyzing both sequence and structure data for proteins.
Using VMD - An Introductory Tutorial
Hsin, Jen; Arkhipov, Anton; Yin, Ying; Stone, John E.; Schulten, Klaus
2010-01-01
VMD (Visual Molecular Dynamics) is a molecular visualization and analysis program designed for biological systems such as proteins, nucleic acids, lipid bilayer assemblies, etc. This unit will serve as an introductory VMD tutorial. We will present several step-by-step examples of some of VMD’s most popular features, including visualizing molecules in three dimensions with different drawing and coloring methods, rendering publication-quality figures, animate and analyze the trajectory of a molecular dynamics simulation, scripting in the text-based Tcl/Tk interface, and analyzing both sequence and structure data for proteins. PMID:19085979
Hyperspectral image analysis. A tutorial
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Amigo, José Manuel, E-mail: jmar@food.ku.dk [Spectroscopy and Chemometrics Group, Department of Food Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Copenhagen, Rolighedsvej 30, Frederiksberg C DK–1958 (Denmark); Babamoradi, Hamid [Spectroscopy and Chemometrics Group, Department of Food Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Copenhagen, Rolighedsvej 30, Frederiksberg C DK–1958 (Denmark); Elcoroaristizabal, Saioa [Spectroscopy and Chemometrics Group, Department of Food Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Copenhagen, Rolighedsvej 30, Frederiksberg C DK–1958 (Denmark); Chemical and Environmental Engineering Department, School of Engineering, University of the Basque Country, Alameda de Urquijo s/n, E-48013 Bilbao (Spain)
2015-10-08
This tutorial aims at providing guidelines and practical tools to assist with the analysis of hyperspectral images. Topics like hyperspectral image acquisition, image pre-processing, multivariate exploratory analysis, hyperspectral image resolution, classification and final digital image processing will be exposed, and some guidelines given and discussed. Due to the broad character of current applications and the vast number of multivariate methods available, this paper has focused on an industrial chemical framework to explain, in a step-wise manner, how to develop a classification methodology to differentiate between several types of plastics by using Near infrared hyperspectral imaging and Partial Least Squares – Discriminant Analysis. Thus, the reader is guided through every single step and oriented in order to adapt those strategies to the user's case. - Highlights: • Comprehensive tutorial of Hyperspectral Image analysis. • Hierarchical discrimination of six classes of plastics containing flame retardant. • Step by step guidelines to perform class-modeling on hyperspectral images. • Fusion of multivariate data analysis and digital image processing methods. • Promising methodology for real-time detection of plastics containing flame retardant.
Tutorial on Superconducting Accelerator Magnets
Ball, M. J. Penny; Goodzeit, Carl L.
1997-05-01
A multimedia CD-ROM tutorial on the physics and engineering concepts of superconducting magnets for particle accelerators is being developed under a U.S. Dept. of Energy SBIR grant. The tutorial, scheduled for distribution this summer, is targeted to undergraduate junior or senior level science students. However, its unified presentation of the broad range of issues involved in the design of superconducting magnets for accelerators and the extensive detail about the construction process (including animations and video clips) will also be of value to staff of research institutes and industrial concerns with an interest in applied superconductivity or magnet development. The source material, which is based on the world-wide R and D programs to develop superconducting accelerator magnets, is organized in five units with the following themes: Introduction to magnets and accelerators; (2) Superconductors for accelerator magnets; (3) Magnetic design methods for accelerator magnets; (4) Electrical, mechanical, and cryogenic considerations for the final magnet package; (5) Performance characteristics and measurement methods. A detailed outline and examples will be shown.
All 2006 ATLAS Tutorials online
Steven Goldfarb,; Mitch McLachlan,; Homer A. Neal
The University of Michigan has completed its full agenda of Web Lecture recording for ATLAS for 2006. The archives include all three ATLAS Week Plenary Sessions, as well as a large variety of tutorials. They are accessible at target="_top" this location. Viewing requires a standard web browser with RealPlayer plug-in (included in most browsers automatically) and works on any major platform. This is the first year our group has been asked to provide this complete service to the collaboration, so any and all feedback is welcome. We would especially like to know if you had any difficulties viewing the lectures, if you found the selection of material to be useful, and/or if you think there are any other specific events we ought to cover in 2007. Please send you comments to wlap@umich.edu. We look forward to bringing you a rich variety of new lectures in 2007, starting with the ATLAS Distributed Computing Tutorial on Feb 1, 2 in Edinburgh and concluding with the Higgs discovery talk (of course). Enjoy the Lec...
Effective Floquet-Gibbs states for dissipative quantum systems
Shirai, Tatsuhiko; Thingna, Juzar; Mori, Takashi; Denisov, Sergey; Hänggi, Peter; Miyashita, Seiji
2016-05-01
A periodically driven quantum system, when coupled to a heat bath, relaxes to a non-equilibrium asymptotic state. In the general situation, the retrieval of this asymptotic state presents a rather non-trivial task. It was recently shown that in the limit of an infinitesimal coupling, using the so-called rotating wave approximation (RWA), and under strict conditions imposed on the time-dependent system Hamiltonian, the asymptotic state can attain the Gibbs form. A Floquet-Gibbs state is characterized by a density matrix which is diagonal in the Floquet basis of the system Hamiltonian with the diagonal elements obeying a Gibbs distribution, being parametrized by the corresponding Floquet quasi-energies. Addressing the non-adiabatic driving regime, upon using the Magnus expansion, we employ the concept of a corresponding effective Floquet Hamiltonian. In doing so we go beyond the conventionally used RWA and demonstrate that the idea of Floquet-Gibbs states can be extended to the realistic case of a weak, although finite system-bath coupling, herein termed effective Floquet-Gibbs states.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Bender, Ralf; Berg, Gabriele; Zeeb, Hajo
2005-01-01
Confidence intervals represent a routinely used standard method to document the uncertainty of estimated effects. In most cases, for the calculation of confidence intervals the conventional fixed 95% confidence level is used. Confidence curves represent a graphical illustration of confidence...... attention to the different interpretation of one- and two-sided statistical inference. It is shown that these two options also have influence on the plotting of appropriate confidence curves. We illustrate the use of one- and two-sided confidence curves and explain their correct interpretation. In medical...
The genre tutorial and social networks terminology
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Márcio Sales Santiago
2014-02-01
Full Text Available This paper analyzes the terminology in the Internet social networks tutorials. A tutorial is a specialized text, full of terms, aiming to teach an individual or group of individuals who need some guidelines to operationalize a computerized tool, such as a social network. It is necessary to identify linguistic and terminological characteristics from the specialized lexical units in this digital genre. Social networks terminology is described and exemplified here. The results show that it is possible to refer to two specific terminologies in tutorials which help to determine the terminological profile of the thematic area, specifically from the point of view of denomination.
CERN. Geneva
2007-01-01
This tutorial is aimed at those who are new to the area of repositories and who want to learn more about key advocacy and policy issues. The tutorial will include information and advice on putting together an institutional advocacy campaign and developing policies for your repository. There will be opportunities for participants to share experiences and to ask questions. The tutorial will include a practical exercise in developing an advocacy presentation. Participants with experience of advocacy are welcome to attend the session to share their experiences, but should bear in mind that it is aimed primarily at those looking for help and advice in advocacy matters.
Advocacy and policy issues Tutorial 2
CERN. Geneva
2007-01-01
This tutorial is aimed at those who are new to the area of repositories and who want to learn more about key advocacy and policy issues. The tutorial will include information and advice on putting together an institutional advocacy campaign and developing policies for your repository. There will be opportunities for participants to share experiences and to ask questions. The tutorial will include a practical exercise in developing an advocacy presentation. Participants with experience of advocacy are welcome to attend the session to share their experiences, but should bear in mind that it is aimed primarily at those looking for help and advice in advocacy matters.
Hadoop Tutorial - Efficient data ingestion
CERN. Geneva; Baranowski, Zbigniew
2016-01-01
The Hadoop ecosystem is the leading opensource platform for distributed storage and processing of "big data". The Hadoop platform is available at CERN as a central service provided by the IT department. Real-time data ingestion to Hadoop ecosystem due to the system specificity is non-trivial process and requires some efforts (which is often underestimated) in order to make it efficient (low latency, optimize data placement, footprint on the cluster). In this tutorial attendees will learn about: The important aspects of storing the data in Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS). Data ingestion techniques and engines that are capable of shipping data to Hadoop in an efficient way. Setting up a full data ingestion flow into a Hadoop Distributed Files System from various sources (streaming, log files, databases) using the best practices and components available around the ecosystem (including Sqoop, Kite, Flume, Kafka...
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Long, Kevin R.
2004-07-01
Sundance is a system of software components that allows construction of an entire parallel simulator and its derivatives using a high-level symbolic language. With this high-level problem description, it is possible to specify a weak formulation of a PDE and its discretization method in a small amount of user-level code; furthermore, because derivatives are easily available, a simulation in Sundance is immediately suitable for accelerated PDE-constrained optimization algorithms. This paper is a tutorial for setting up and solving linear and nonlinear PDEs in Sundance. With several simple examples, we show how to set up mesh objects, geometric regions for BC application, the weak form of the PDE, and boundary conditions. Each example then illustrates use of an appropriate solver and solution visualization.
Hyperspectral image analysis. A tutorial
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Amigo Rubio, Jose Manuel; Babamoradi, Hamid; Elcoroaristizabal Martin, Saioa
2015-01-01
This tutorial aims at providing guidelines and practical tools to assist with the analysis of hyperspectral images. Topics like hyperspectral image acquisition, image pre-processing, multivariate exploratory analysis, hyperspectral image resolution, classification and final digital image processi...... to differentiate between several types of plastics by using Near infrared hyperspectral imaging and Partial Least Squares - Discriminant Analysis. Thus, the reader is guided through every single step and oriented in order to adapt those strategies to the user's case....... will be exposed, and some guidelines given and discussed. Due to the broad character of current applications and the vast number of multivariate methods available, this paper has focused on an industrial chemical framework to explain, in a step-wise manner, how to develop a classification methodology...
Basic Radar Altimetry Toolbox & Tutorial
Rosmorduc, Vinca; Benveniste, Jerome; Breebaart, Leo; Bronner, Emilie; Dinardo, Salvatore; Earith, Didier; Lucas, Bruno Manuel; Niejmeier, Sander; Picot, Nicolas
2010-12-01
The Basic Radar Altimetry Toolbox is an "all-altimeter" collection of tools, tutorials and documents designed to facilitate the use of radar altimetry data, including the last mission launched, CryoSat. It has been available from April 2007, and had been demonstrated during training courses and scientific meetings. Nearly 1200 people downloaded it (as of end of June 2010), with many "newcomers" to altimetry among them. Users' feedbacks, developments in altimetry, and practice, showed that new interesting features could be added. Some have been added and/or improved in version 2. Others are ongoing, some are in discussion. The Basic Radar Altimetry Toolbox is able: - to read most distributed radar altimetry data, from ERS-1 & 2, Topex/Poseidon, Geosat Follow-on, Jason- 1, Envisat, Jason- 2, CryoSat and also the future Saral and Sentinel 3 missions, - to perform some processing, data editing and statistic, - and to visualize the results. It can be used at several levels/several ways: - as a data reading tool, with APIs for C, Fortran, Matlab and IDL - as processing/extraction routines, through the on-line command mode - as an educational and a quick-look tool both, with the graphical user interface As part of the Toolbox, a Radar Altimetry Tutorial gives general information about altimetry, the technique involved and its applications, as well as an overview of past, present and future missions, including information on how to access data, additional software and documentation. It also presents a series of data use cases, covering all uses of altimetry over ocean, cryosphere and land, showing the basic methods for some of the most frequent manners of using altimetry data. BRAT is developed under contract with ESA and CNES. It is available at http://www.altimetry.info and http://earth.esa.int/brat/
Binding effects in multivalent Gibbs-Donnan equilibrium
Castelnovo, M; Castelnovo, Martin; Evilevitch, Alex
2005-01-01
The classical Gibbs-Donnan equilibrium describes excess osmotic pressure associated with confined colloidal charges embedded in an electrolyte solution. In this work, we extend this approach to describe the influence of multivalent ion binding on the equilibrium force acting on a charged rod translocating between two compartments, thereby mimicking ionic effects on force balance during in vitro DNA ejection from bacteriophage. The subtle interplay between Gibbs-Donnan equilibrium and adsorption equilibrium leads to a non-monotonic variation of the ejection force as multivalent salt concentration is increased, in qualitative agreement with experimental observations.
Non-Equilibrium Gibbs' Criterion for Completely Wetting Volatile Liquids
Tsoumpas, Yannis; Galvagno, Mariano; Rednikov, Alexey; Ottevaere, Heidi; Thiele, Uwe; Colinet, Pierre
2014-01-01
During the spreading of a liquid over a solid substrate, the contact line can stay pinned at sharp edges until the contact angle exceeds a critical value. At (or sufficiently near) equilibrium, this is known as Gibbs' criterion. Here, we show both experimentally and theoretically that for completely wetting volatile liquids there also exists a dynamically-produced critical angle for depinning, which increases with the evaporation rate. This suggests that one may introduce a simple modification of the Gibbs' criterion for (de)pinning, that accounts for the non-equilibrium effect of evaporation.
A computational thermodynamics approach to the Gibbs-Thomson effect
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Shahandeh, Sina [Department of Material Science and Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)]. E-mail: sinashahandeh@yahoo.com; Nategh, Said [Department of Material Science and Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
2007-01-15
In two-phase system, curvature of interface leads to increase of solute concentration in matrix. This effect plays a significant role in solidification, precipitation, nucleation and growth and coarsening. There are number of models and formulas for Gibbs-Thomson effect in binary alloys. In this paper with the help of CALPHAD calculations, new approach for describing this effect in binary and multicomponent systems is proposed. In this generalized method no traditional simplifying assumption are considered and this yield to more accurate result for Gibbs-Thomson phenomenon. This model is compared with previous formulas in some case alloying systems.
Understanding Medical Words Tutorial: Download Instructions
... https://medlineplus.gov/medwords/medicalwordsdownload.html Understanding Medical Words Tutorial: Download Instructions To use the sharing features ... no Internet connection is available. Download: Understanding Medical Words [16MB zip file] Download instructions : Click on the ...
The BTeV Software Tutorial Suite
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Robert K. Kutschke
2004-02-20
The BTeV Collaboration is starting to develop its C++ based offline software suite, an integral part of which is a series of tutorials. These tutorials are targeted at a diverse audience, including new graduate students, experienced physicists with little or no C++ experience, those with just enough C++ to be dangerous, and experts who need only an overview of the available tools. The tutorials must both teach C++ in general and the BTeV specific tools in particular. Finally, they must teach physicists how to find and use the detailed documentation. This report will review the status of the BTeV experiment, give an overview of the plans for and the state of the software and will then describe the plans for the tutorial suite.
Tutorials in university students with a disability
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Joaquín Gairín Sallán
2013-10-01
Full Text Available This article places an emphasis on the importance of tutorials for students with a disability in universities. It presented the most significant results of the study of tutorials carried out in help services, units or offices for students with a disability inmore than 45 Spanish universities, in relation to promotion, reception, completion and graduation. The contributions highlight the importance of organising a response through a Tutorial Action Plan made up of the stages of motivation and awareness-raisin, planning, execution, evaluation and institutionalisation. Among the principle conclusions, the importance of moving towards a truly inclusive university through tutorial activity is highlighted, thereby providing a guide for providing assistance to university students with a disability.
National Research Council Canada - National Science Library
Jorge Orós
2014-01-01
... de Acción Tutorial que contribuyan a la mejora de los resultados académicos. Los Planes de Acción Tutorial, en su sentido más amplio, pueden incluir los siguientes aspectos: * Programa de captación de estudiantes Objetivo: incrementar la demanda de preinscripciones y en consecuencia, aumentar la nota mínima de ingreso. * Programa de acogida Objetivo: fac...
First-Year University Chemistry Textbooks' Misrepresentation of Gibbs Energy
Quilez, Juan
2012-01-01
This study analyzes the misrepresentation of Gibbs energy by college chemistry textbooks. The article reports the way first-year university chemistry textbooks handle the concepts of spontaneity and equilibrium. Problems with terminology are found; confusion arises in the meaning given to [delta]G, [delta][subscript r]G, [delta]G[degrees], and…
A logistic regression estimating function for spatial Gibbs point processes
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Baddeley, Adrian; Coeurjolly, Jean-François; Rubak, Ege
We propose a computationally efficient logistic regression estimating function for spatial Gibbs point processes. The sample points for the logistic regression consist of the observed point pattern together with a random pattern of dummy points. The estimating function is closely related...
Calculation of the chemical potential in the Gibbs ensemble
Smit, B.; Frenkel, D.
1989-01-01
An expression for the chemical potential in the Gibbs ensemble is derived. For finite system sizes this expression for the chemical potential differs system-atically from Widom's test particle insertion method for the N, V, T ensemble. In order to compare these two methods for calculating the chemic
Multifractal Analysis of Local Entropies for Gibbs Measures
Takens, Floris; Verbitski, Evgeni
1998-01-01
Recently a complete multifractal analysis of local dimensions, entropies and Lyapunov exponents of conformal expanding maps and surface Axion A diffeomorphisms for Gibbs measures was performed. The main goal of this was primarily the analysis of the local (pointwise) dimensions. This is an extremely
Bayesian Estimation of the DINA Model with Gibbs Sampling
Culpepper, Steven Andrew
2015-01-01
A Bayesian model formulation of the deterministic inputs, noisy "and" gate (DINA) model is presented. Gibbs sampling is employed to simulate from the joint posterior distribution of item guessing and slipping parameters, subject attribute parameters, and latent class probabilities. The procedure extends concepts in Béguin and Glas,…
Virial theorem and Gibbs thermodynamic potential for Coulomb systems
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bobrov, V. B., E-mail: vic5907@mail.ru, E-mail: satron@mail.ru [Joint Institute for High Temperatures, Russian Academy of Sciences, Izhorskaya St. 13, Bd. 2, Moscow 125412 (Russian Federation); National Research University “MPEI,” Krasnokazarmennaya str. 14, Moscow 111250 (Russian Federation); Trigger, S. A., E-mail: vic5907@mail.ru, E-mail: satron@mail.ru [Joint Institute for High Temperatures, Russian Academy of Sciences, Izhorskaya St. 13, Bd. 2, Moscow 125412 (Russian Federation); Institut für Physik, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Newtonstraße 15, Berlin D-12489 (Germany)
2014-10-15
Using the grand canonical ensemble and the virial theorem, we show that the Gibbs thermodynamic potential of the non-relativistic system of charged particles is uniquely defined by single-particle Green functions of electrons and nuclei. This result is valid beyond the perturbation theory with respect to the interparticle interaction.
First-Year University Chemistry Textbooks' Misrepresentation of Gibbs Energy
Quilez, Juan
2012-01-01
This study analyzes the misrepresentation of Gibbs energy by college chemistry textbooks. The article reports the way first-year university chemistry textbooks handle the concepts of spontaneity and equilibrium. Problems with terminology are found; confusion arises in the meaning given to [delta]G, [delta][subscript r]G, [delta]G[degrees], and…
Exploring Fourier Series and Gibbs Phenomenon Using Mathematica
Ghosh, Jonaki B.
2011-01-01
This article describes a laboratory module on Fourier series and Gibbs phenomenon which was undertaken by 32 Year 12 students. It shows how the use of CAS played the role of an "amplifier" by making higher level mathematical concepts accessible to students of year 12. Using Mathematica students were able to visualise Fourier series of…
A 5' online tutorial about 'how to prepare for a 5' online tutorial'
CERN. Geneva
2016-01-01
This 4' video summarises our experience from short online tutorial recordings for the last 6 months. It contains important points for speakers' preparation and things to observe during the online tutorial recordings. For more details, check out our e-learning twiki.
Jeffery, Keven M; Maggio, Lauren; Blanchard, Mary
2009-01-01
Librarians at the Boston University Medical Center constructed two interactive online tutorials, "Introduction to EBM" and "Formulating a Clinical Question (PICO)," for a Family Medicine Clerkship and then quickly repurposed the existing tutorials to support an Evidence-based Dentistry course. Adobe's ColdFusion software was used to populate the tutorials with course-specific content based on the URL used to enter each tutorial, and a MySQL database was used to collect student input. Student responses were viewable immediately by course faculty on a password-protected Web site. The tutorials ensured that all students received the same baseline training and allowed librarians to tailor a subsequent library skills workshop to student tutorial answers. The tutorials were well-received by the medical and dental schools and have been added to mandatory first-year Evidence-based Medicine (EBM) and Evidence-based Dentistry (EBD) courses, meaning that every medical and dental student at BUMC will be expected to complete these tutorials.
Topics and features of academic medical library tutorials.
Anderson, Rozalynd P; Wilson, Steven P; Yeh, Felicia; Phillips, Betty; Livingston, Mary Briget
2008-01-01
In a 2007 study, librarians at the University of South Carolina School of Medicine Library examined freely available online tutorials on academic medical library Web sites. The team identified tutorial topics, determined common design features, and assessed elements of active learning in library-created tutorials; the team also generated a list of third-party tutorials to which medical libraries link. This article updates the earlier study, describing changes and trends in tutorial content and design on medical libraries' Web sites; the project team plans to continue to track trends in tutorial development by repeating this study annually.
Tutorial on Protein Ontology Resources.
Arighi, Cecilia N; Drabkin, Harold; Christie, Karen R; Ross, Karen E; Natale, Darren A
2017-01-01
The Protein Ontology (PRO) is the reference ontology for proteins in the Open Biomedical Ontologies (OBO) foundry and consists of three sub-ontologies representing protein classes of homologous genes, proteoforms (e.g., splice isoforms, sequence variants, and post-translationally modified forms), and protein complexes. PRO defines classes of proteins and protein complexes, both species-specific and species nonspecific, and indicates their relationships in a hierarchical framework, supporting accurate protein annotation at the appropriate level of granularity, analyses of protein conservation across species, and semantic reasoning. In the first section of this chapter, we describe the PRO framework including categories of PRO terms and the relationship of PRO to other ontologies and protein resources. Next, we provide a tutorial about the PRO website ( proconsortium.org ) where users can browse and search the PRO hierarchy, view reports on individual PRO terms, and visualize relationships among PRO terms in a hierarchical table view, a multiple sequence alignment view, and a Cytoscape network view. Finally, we describe several examples illustrating the unique and rich information available in PRO.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Sala, Marzio; Day, David Minot; Heroux, Michael Allen
2004-05-01
The Trilinos Project is an effort to facilitate the design, development, integration and ongoing support of mathematical software libraries. The goal of the Trilinos Project is to develop parallel solver algorithms and libraries within an object-oriented software framework for the solution of large-scale, complex multiphysics engineering and scientific applications. The emphasis is on developing robust, scalable algorithms in a software framework, using abstract interfaces for flexible interoperability of components while providing a full-featured set of concrete classes that implement all the abstract interfaces. This document introduces the use of Trilinos, version 4.0. The presented material includes, among others, the definition of distributed matrices and vectors with Epetra, the iterative solution of linear systems with AztecOO, incomplete factorizations with IF-PACK, multilevel and domain decomposition preconditioners with ML, direct solution of linear system with Amesos, and iterative solution of nonlinear systems with NOX. The tutorial is a self-contained introduction, intended to help computational scientists effectively apply the appropriate Trilinos package to their applications. Basic examples are presented that are fit to be imitated. This document is a companion to the Trilinos User's Guide [20] and Trilinos Development Guides [21,22]. Please note that the documentation included in each of the Trilinos' packages is of fundamental importance.
GOCE User Toolbox and Tutorial
Benveniste, J.; Knudsen, P.
2013-12-01
The GOCE User Toolbox GUT is a compilation of tools for the utilisation and analysis of GOCE Level 2 products. GUT support applications in Geodesy, Oceanography and Solid Earth Physics. The GUT Tutorial provides information and guidance in how to use the toolbox for a variety of applications. GUT consists of a series of advanced computer routines that carry out the required computations. It may be used on Windows PCs, UNIX/Linux Workstations, and Mac. The toolbox is supported by The GUT Algorithm Description and User Guide and The GUT Install Guide. A set of a-priori data and models are made available as well. Recently, the second version of the GOCE User Toolbox (GUT) was developed to enhance the exploitation of GOCE level 2 data with ERS ENVISAT altimetry. The developments of GUT focused on the following issues: Data Extraction, Generation, Filtering, and Data Save and Restore Without any doubt the development of the GOCE user toolbox have played a major role in paving the way to successful use of the GOCE data for oceanography. The results of the preliminary analysis carried out in this phase of the GUTS project have already demonstrated a significant advance in the ability to determine the ocean's general circulation. The improved gravity models provided by the GOCE mission have enhanced the resolution and sharpened the boundaries of those features compared with earlier satellite only solutions. Calculation of the geostrophic surface currents from the MDT reveals improvements for all of the ocean's major current systems.
Accuracy of Parameter Estimation in Gibbs Sampling under the Two-Parameter Logistic Model.
Kim, Seock-Ho; Cohen, Allan S.
The accuracy of Gibbs sampling, a Markov chain Monte Carlo procedure, was considered for estimation of item and ability parameters under the two-parameter logistic model. Memory test data were analyzed to illustrate the Gibbs sampling procedure. Simulated data sets were analyzed using Gibbs sampling and the marginal Bayesian method. The marginal…
Neural networks and applications tutorial
Guyon, I.
1991-09-01
The importance of neural networks has grown dramatically during this decade. While only a few years ago they were primarily of academic interest, now dozens of companies and many universities are investigating the potential use of these systems and products are beginning to appear. The idea of building a machine whose architecture is inspired by that of the brain has roots which go far back in history. Nowadays, technological advances of computers and the availability of custom integrated circuits, permit simulations of hundreds or even thousands of neurons. In conjunction, the growing interest in learning machines, non-linear dynamics and parallel computation spurred renewed attention in artificial neural networks. Many tentative applications have been proposed, including decision systems (associative memories, classifiers, data compressors and optimizers), or parametric models for signal processing purposes (system identification, automatic control, noise canceling, etc.). While they do not always outperform standard methods, neural network approaches are already used in some real world applications for pattern recognition and signal processing tasks. The tutorial is divided into six lectures, that where presented at the Third Graduate Summer Course on Computational Physics (September 3-7, 1990) on Parallel Architectures and Applications, organized by the European Physical Society: (1) Introduction: machine learning and biological computation. (2) Adaptive artificial neurons (perceptron, ADALINE, sigmoid units, etc.): learning rules and implementations. (3) Neural network systems: architectures, learning algorithms. (4) Applications: pattern recognition, signal processing, etc. (5) Elements of learning theory: how to build networks which generalize. (6) A case study: a neural network for on-line recognition of handwritten alphanumeric characters.
GOCE User Toolbox and Tutorial
Benveniste, Jérôme; Knudsen, Per
2016-07-01
The GOCE User Toolbox GUT is a compilation of tools for the utilisation and analysis of GOCE Level 2 products. GUT support applications in Geodesy, Oceanography and Solid Earth Physics. The GUT Tutorial provides information and guidance in how to use the toolbox for a variety of applications. GUT consists of a series of advanced computer routines that carry out the required computations. It may be used on Windows PCs, UNIX/Linux Workstations, and Mac. The toolbox is supported by The GUT Algorithm Description and User Guide and The GUT Install Guide. A set of a-priori data and models are made available as well. Without any doubt the development of the GOCE user toolbox have played a major role in paving the way to successful use of the GOCE data for oceanography. The GUT version 2.2 was released in April 2014 and beside some bug-fixes it adds the capability for the computation of Simple Bouguer Anomaly (Solid-Earth). During this fall a new GUT version 3 has been released. GUTv3 was further developed through a collaborative effort where the scientific communities participate aiming on an implementation of remaining functionalities facilitating a wider span of research in the fields of Geodesy, Oceanography and Solid earth studies. Accordingly, the GUT version 3 has: - An attractive and easy to use Graphic User Interface (GUI) for the toolbox, - Enhance the toolbox with some further software functionalities such as to facilitate the use of gradients, anisotropic diffusive filtering and computation of Bouguer and isostatic gravity anomalies. - An associated GUT VCM tool for analyzing the GOCE variance covariance matrices.
Gibbs artifact reduction for POCS super-resolution image reconstruction
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Chuangbai XIAO; Jing YU; Kaina SU
2008-01-01
The topic of super-resolution image reconstruc-tion has recently received considerable attention among the research community. Super-resolution image reconstruc-tion methods attempt to create a single high-resolution image from a number of low-resolution images (or a video sequence). The method of projections onto convex sets (POCS) for super-resolution image reconstruction attracts many researchers' attention. In this paper, we propose an improvement to reduce the amount of Gibbs artifacts pre-senting on the edges of the high-resolution image recon-structed by the POCS method. The proposed method weights the blur PSF centered at an edge pixel with an exponential function, and consequently decreases the coef-ficients of the PSF in the direction orthogonal to the edge. Experiment results show that the modification reduces effectively the visibility of Gibbs artifacts on edges and improves obviously the quality of the reconstructed high-resolution image.
Accelerated Gibbs Sampling for Infinite Sparse Factor Analysis
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Andrzejewski, D M
2011-09-12
The Indian Buffet Process (IBP) gives a probabilistic model of sparse binary matrices with an unbounded number of columns. This construct can be used, for example, to model a fixed numer of observed data points (rows) associated with an unknown number of latent features (columns). Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods are often used for IBP inference, and in this technical note, we provide a detailed review of the derivations of collapsed and accelerated Gibbs samplers for the linear-Gaussian infinite latent feature model. We also discuss and explain update equations for hyperparameter resampling in a 'full Bayesian' treatment and present a novel slice sampler capable of extending the accelerated Gibbs sampler to the case of infinite sparse factor analysis by allowing the use of real-valued latent features.
Gibbs-Thomson effect in nanocrystalline Fe-Ge
Sarkar, S.; Bansal, C.; Chatterjee, Ashok
2000-08-01
We studied the phase transformation behavior of chemically disordered bcc (α) phase Fe1-xGex alloys near the Fe3Ge stoichiometry synthesized in the nanocrystalline state by mechanical alloying of the elemental constituents. The evolution of the equilibrium L12 ordered (ɛ') phase was seen to occur via a metastable DO3-ordered (α1) phase, but a significant α1-->ɛ' phase transformation took place only after the growth of the grains. This behavior is understood with the help of a capillary effect or the Gibbs-Thomson effect wherein the grain boundary energy of the nanosize grains raises the Gibbs free energy of the ɛ' phase relative to the α1 phase for small sizes and the ɛ' phase grows only after a certain grain size is reached.
A Gibbs distribution that learns from GA dynamics
Kitagata, Manabu
2010-01-01
A general procedure of average-case performance evaluation for population dynamics such as genetic algorithms (GAs) is proposed and its validity is numerically examined. We introduce a learning algorithm of Gibbs distributions from training sets which are gene configurations (strings) generated by GA in order to figure out the statistical properties of GA from the view point of thermodynamics. The learning algorithm is constructed by means of minimization of the Kullback-Leibler information between a parametric Gibbs distribution and the empirical distribution of gene configurations. The formulation is applied to the solvable probabilistic models having multi-valley energy landscapes, namely, the spin glass chain and the Sherrington-Kirkpatrick model. By using computer simulations, we discuss the asymptotic behaviour of the effective temperature scheduling and the residual energy induced by the GA dynamics.
Work producing reservoirs: Stochastic thermodynamics with generalized Gibbs ensembles
Horowitz, Jordan M.; Esposito, Massimiliano
2016-08-01
We develop a consistent stochastic thermodynamics for environments composed of thermodynamic reservoirs in an external conservative force field, that is, environments described by the generalized or Gibbs canonical ensemble. We demonstrate that small systems weakly coupled to such reservoirs exchange both heat and work by verifying a local detailed balance relation for the induced stochastic dynamics. Based on this analysis, we help to rationalize the observation that nonthermal reservoirs can increase the efficiency of thermodynamic heat engines.
Dynamical systems on networks a tutorial
Porter, Mason A
2016-01-01
This volume is a tutorial for the study of dynamical systems on networks. It discusses both methodology and models, including spreading models for social and biological contagions. The authors focus especially on “simple” situations that are analytically tractable, because they are insightful and provide useful springboards for the study of more complicated scenarios. This tutorial, which also includes key pointers to the literature, should be helpful for junior and senior undergraduate students, graduate students, and researchers from mathematics, physics, and engineering who seek to study dynamical systems on networks but who may not have prior experience with graph theory or networks. Mason A. Porter is Professor of Nonlinear and Complex Systems at the Oxford Centre for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, Mathematical Institute, University of Oxford, UK. He is also a member of the CABDyN Complexity Centre and a Tutorial Fellow of Somerville College. James P. Gleeson is Professor of Industrial and Appli...
Deviations from Boltzmann-Gibbs Statistics in Confined Optical Lattices.
Dechant, Andreas; Kessler, David A; Barkai, Eli
2015-10-23
We investigate the semiclassical phase-space probability distribution P(x,p) of cold atoms in a Sisyphus cooling lattice with an additional harmonic confinement. We pose the question of whether this nonequilibrium steady state satisfies the equivalence of energy and probability. This equivalence is the foundation of Boltzmann-Gibbs and generalized thermostatic statistics, and a prerequisite for the description in terms of a temperature. At large energies, P(x,p) depends only on the Hamiltonian H(x,p) and the answer to the question is yes. In distinction to the Boltzmann-Gibbs state, the large-energy tails are power laws P(x,p)∝H(x,p)(-1/D), where D is related to the depth of the optical lattice. At intermediate energies, however, P(x,p) cannot be expressed as a function of the Hamiltonian and the equivalence between energy and probability breaks down. As a consequence the average potential and kinetic energy differ and no well-defined temperature can be assigned. The Boltzmann-Gibbs state is regained only in the limit of deep optical lattices. For strong confinement relative to the damping, we derive an explicit expression for the stationary phase-space distribution.
Temperature of critical clusters in nucleation theory: generalized Gibbs' approach.
Schmelzer, Jürn W P; Boltachev, Grey Sh; Abyzov, Alexander S
2013-07-21
According to the classical Gibbs' approach to the description of thermodynamically heterogeneous systems, the temperature of the critical clusters in nucleation is the same as the temperature of the ambient phase, i.e., with respect to temperature the conventional macroscopic equilibrium conditions are assumed to be fulfilled. In contrast, the generalized Gibbs' approach [J. W. P. Schmelzer, G. Sh. Boltachev, and V. G. Baidakov, J. Chem. Phys. 119, 6166 (2003); and ibid. 124, 194503 (2006)] predicts that critical clusters (having commonly spatial dimensions in the nanometer range) have, as a rule, a different temperature as compared with the ambient phase. The existence of a curved interface may lead, consequently, to an equilibrium coexistence of different phases with different temperatures similar to differences in pressure as expressed by the well-known Laplace equation. Employing the generalized Gibbs' approach, it is demonstrated that, for the case of formation of droplets in a one-component vapor, the temperature of the critical droplets can be shown to be higher as compared to the vapor. In this way, temperature differences between critically sized droplets and ambient vapor phase, observed in recent molecular dynamics simulations of argon condensation by Wedekind et al. [J. Chem. Phys. 127, 064501 (2007)], can be given a straightforward theoretical interpretation. It is shown as well that - employing the same model assumptions concerning bulk and interfacial properties of the system under consideration - the temperature of critical bubbles in boiling is lower as compared to the bulk liquid.
Consistent estimation of Gibbs energy using component contributions.
Noor, Elad; Haraldsdóttir, Hulda S; Milo, Ron; Fleming, Ronan M T
2013-01-01
Standard Gibbs energies of reactions are increasingly being used in metabolic modeling for applying thermodynamic constraints on reaction rates, metabolite concentrations and kinetic parameters. The increasing scope and diversity of metabolic models has led scientists to look for genome-scale solutions that can estimate the standard Gibbs energy of all the reactions in metabolism. Group contribution methods greatly increase coverage, albeit at the price of decreased precision. We present here a way to combine the estimations of group contribution with the more accurate reactant contributions by decomposing each reaction into two parts and applying one of the methods on each of them. This method gives priority to the reactant contributions over group contributions while guaranteeing that all estimations will be consistent, i.e. will not violate the first law of thermodynamics. We show that there is a significant increase in the accuracy of our estimations compared to standard group contribution. Specifically, our cross-validation results show an 80% reduction in the median absolute residual for reactions that can be derived by reactant contributions only. We provide the full framework and source code for deriving estimates of standard reaction Gibbs energy, as well as confidence intervals, and believe this will facilitate the wide use of thermodynamic data for a better understanding of metabolism.
Consistent estimation of Gibbs energy using component contributions.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Elad Noor
Full Text Available Standard Gibbs energies of reactions are increasingly being used in metabolic modeling for applying thermodynamic constraints on reaction rates, metabolite concentrations and kinetic parameters. The increasing scope and diversity of metabolic models has led scientists to look for genome-scale solutions that can estimate the standard Gibbs energy of all the reactions in metabolism. Group contribution methods greatly increase coverage, albeit at the price of decreased precision. We present here a way to combine the estimations of group contribution with the more accurate reactant contributions by decomposing each reaction into two parts and applying one of the methods on each of them. This method gives priority to the reactant contributions over group contributions while guaranteeing that all estimations will be consistent, i.e. will not violate the first law of thermodynamics. We show that there is a significant increase in the accuracy of our estimations compared to standard group contribution. Specifically, our cross-validation results show an 80% reduction in the median absolute residual for reactions that can be derived by reactant contributions only. We provide the full framework and source code for deriving estimates of standard reaction Gibbs energy, as well as confidence intervals, and believe this will facilitate the wide use of thermodynamic data for a better understanding of metabolism.
Video and HTML: Testing Online Tutorial Formats with Biology Students
Craig, Cindy L.; Friehs, Curt G.
2013-01-01
This study compared two common types of online information literacy tutorials: a streaming media tutorial using animation and narration and a text-based tutorial with static images. Nine sections of an undergraduate biology lab class (234 students total) were instructed by a librarian on how to use the BIOSIS Previews database. Three sections…
Video and HTML: Testing Online Tutorial Formats with Biology Students
Craig, Cindy L.; Friehs, Curt G.
2013-01-01
This study compared two common types of online information literacy tutorials: a streaming media tutorial using animation and narration and a text-based tutorial with static images. Nine sections of an undergraduate biology lab class (234 students total) were instructed by a librarian on how to use the BIOSIS Previews database. Three sections…
Progress Report--Microsoft Office 2003 Lynchburg College Tutorials
Murray, Tom
2004-01-01
For the past several years Lynchburg College has developed Microsoft tutorials for use with academic classes and faculty, student and staff training. The tutorials are now used internationally. Last year Microsoft and Verizon sponsored a tutorial web site at http://www.officetutorials.com. This website recognizes ASCUE members for their wonderful…
Analysis of Web-Based Tutorials Created by Academic Libraries
Somoza-Fernandez, Marta; Abadal, Ernest
2009-01-01
This paper aims to analyse the characteristics of tutorials created by academic libraries. It evaluates a sample of 180 tutorials by applying thirty basic indicators referring to general characteristics, content, teaching methodology, usability and technology. The general conclusion is that most of the tutorials are at an early stage of…
PHI 200 ASH Course Tutorial/ Tutorialrank
john
2015-01-01
For more course tutorials visit www.tutorialrank.com Tutorial Purchased: 5 Times, Rating: A+ PHI 200 Week 2 DQ 1 Ethics and Relativism PHI 200 Week 2 DQ 2 Animal Rights PHI 200 Week 2 Written Assignment Assisted Suicide PHI 200 Week 3 DQ 1 The Limits of Skepticism PHI 200 Week 3 DQ 2 Creationism and Science PHI 200 Week 3 Written Assignment Final Paper (Death Penalty) PHI 200 Week 4 DQ 1 Proof of God's Existence PHI 200 Week 4 DQ 2 The Tu...
Subtitled video tutorials, an accessible teaching material
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Luis Bengochea
2012-11-01
Full Text Available The use of short-lived audio-visual tutorials constitutes an educational resource very attractive for young students, widely familiar with this type of format similar to YouTube clips. Considered as "learning pills", these tutorials are intended to strengthen the understanding of complex concepts that because their dynamic nature can’t be represented through texts or diagrams. However, the inclusion of this type of content in eLearning platforms presents accessibility problems for students with visual or hearing disabilities. This paper describes this problem and shows the way in which a teacher could add captions and subtitles to their videos.
First year clinical tutorials: students’ learning experience
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Burgess A
2014-11-01
Full Text Available Annette Burgess,1 Kim Oates,2 Kerry Goulston,2 Craig Mellis1 1Central Clinical School, Sydney Medical School, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia; 2Sydney Medical School, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia Background: Bedside teaching lies at the heart of medical education. The learning environment afforded to students during clinical tutorials contributes substantially to their knowledge, thinking, and learning. Situated cognition theory posits that the depth and breadth of the students' learning experience is dependent upon the attitude of the clinical teacher, the structure of the tutorial, and the understanding of tutorial and learning objectives. This theory provides a useful framework to conceptualize how students' experience within their clinical tutorials impacts their knowledge, thinking, and learning. Methods: The study was conducted with one cohort (n=301 of students who had completed year 1 of the medical program at Sydney Medical School in 2013. All students were asked to complete a three-part questionnaire regarding their perceptions of their clinical tutor's attributes, the consistency of the tutor, and the best features of the tutorials and need for improvement. Both quantitative and qualitative data were collected and analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results: The response rate to the questionnaire was 88% (265/301. Students perceived that their tutors displayed good communication skills and enthusiasm, encouraged their learning, and were empathetic toward patients. Fifty-two percent of students reported having the same communications tutor for the entire year, and 28% reported having the same physical examination tutor for the entire year. Students would like increased patient contact, greater structure within their tutorials, and greater alignment of teaching with the curriculum. Conclusion: Situated cognition theory provides a valuable lens to view students' experience of learning within the
Gibbs Ensemble Monte-Carlo方法及其应用%GIBBS ENSEMBLE MONTE-CARLO SIMULATION AND ITS APPLICATION
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2000-01-01
It introduces a Gibbs Ensemble Monte-Carlo method,which was recently invented.This method has been applied for studying the phase diagrams of Lennard-Jones mixtures,and Methane and Tetrafluoromethane.The obtained results of simulations are in good agreement with experimental and previous results.%介绍一种新的且非常实用的Gibbs Ensemble Monte-Carlo模拟技术。并给出模拟甲烷和氟甲烷混合物的液体-液体相图以及Lennard-Jones混合物相图。将模拟的相图与实验得出的相图进行了对比。
Koh, Aaron
2014-01-01
Why do more than three-quarters of Hong Kong's senior secondary students flock to tutorial centres like moths to light? What is the "magic" that is driving the popularity of the tutorial centre enterprise? Indeed, looking at the ongoing boom of tutorial centres in Hong Kong (there are almost 1,000 of them), it is difficult not to ask…
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Herrmann, Kim Jesper
2014-01-01
This study examines differences in university students’ approaches to learning when attending tutorials as well as variation in students’ perceptions of tutorials as an educational arena. In-depth qualitative analysis of semi-structured interviews with undergraduates showed how surface and deep...... approaches to learning were revealed in the students’ note-taking, listening, and engaging in dialogue. It was also shown how variation in the students’ approaches to learning were coherent with variation in the students’ perceptions of the tutors’ pedagogical role, the value of peer interaction......, and the overall purpose of tutorials. The results are discussed regarding the paradox that students relying on surface approaches to learning seemingly are the ones least likely to respond to tutorials in the way they were intended....
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Herrmann, Kim Jesper
2014-01-01
This study examines differences in university students’ approaches to learning when attending tutorials as well as variation in students’ perceptions of tutorials as an educational arena. In-depth qualitative analysis of semi-structured interviews with undergraduates showed how surface and deep...... approaches to learning were revealed in the students’ note-taking, listening, and engaging in dialogue. It was also shown how variation in the students’ approaches to learning were coherent with variation in the students’ perceptions of the tutors’ pedagogical role, the value of peer interaction......, and the overall purpose of tutorials. The results are discussed regarding the paradox that students relying on surface approaches to learning seemingly are the ones least likely to respond to tutorials in the way they were intended....
Online Bioinformatics Tutorials | Office of Cancer Genomics
Bioinformatics is a scientific discipline that applies computer science and information technology to help understand biological processes. The NIH provides a list of free online bioinformatics tutorials, either generated by the NIH Library or other institutes, which includes introductory lectures and "how to" videos on using various tools.
Professionalizing tutors and tutorials in higher education
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Colunga, Silvia
2012-01-01
Full Text Available The paper analyzes the necessity of professionalizing training of university teachers performing tutorial activities in higher education as a response to the demands of pupils following a part-time model. Permanent training of tutor is emphasized as a way to enhance professional and personal accomplishments. This training gives priority to educative orientation and interventional actions.
Information Hiding Techniques: A Tutorial Review
Thampi, Sabu M
2008-01-01
The purpose of this tutorial is to present an overview of various information hiding techniques. A brief history of steganography is provided along with techniques that were used to hide information. Text, image and audio based information hiding techniques are discussed. This paper also provides a basic introduction to digital watermarking.
Migrant Education Tutorial Aide Training Manual.
California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento. Bureau of Community Services and Migrant Education.
Designed by California's Region II Office of Migrant Education to aid in training teacher aides working with migrant children, this manual outlines activities used in teaching by the aides. Each activity is described in terms of the concept to be taught, the tutorial skill required, standard instructional media, rationale for the media, expected…
Action perception and imitation : a tutorial
Bekkering, H; Wohlschlager, A; Prinz, W; Hommel, B
2002-01-01
Currently, imitation, or performing an act after perceiving it, is in the focus of attention of researchers from many different disciplines. Although this tutorial attempts to provide some interdisciplinary background, it will concentrate on possible cognitive mechanisms that underlie imitation perf
Screencast Tutorials Enhance Student Learning of Statistics
Lloyd, Steven A.; Robertson, Chuck L.
2012-01-01
Although the use of computer-assisted instruction has rapidly increased, there is little empirical research evaluating these technologies, specifically within the context of teaching statistics. The authors assessed the effect of screencast tutorials on learning outcomes, including statistical knowledge, application, and interpretation. Students…
Audi-Tutorial Instruction in Basic Business
Brown, Richard D.
1974-01-01
Results of a study in which audio-tutorial instruction was compared to illustrated lecture instruction are reported. No great differences in achievement levels in the two strategies of instruction were found. The development of such an alternative teaching strategy forces better teacher organization, leading to improvement of the illustrated…
Audi-Tutorial Instruction in Basic Business
Brown, Richard D.
1974-01-01
Results of a study in which audio-tutorial instruction was compared to illustrated lecture instruction are reported. No great differences in achievement levels in the two strategies of instruction were found. The development of such an alternative teaching strategy forces better teacher organization, leading to improvement of the illustrated…
Statistical Analysis of Random Simulations : Bootstrap Tutorial
Deflandre, D.; Kleijnen, J.P.C.
2002-01-01
The bootstrap is a simple but versatile technique for the statistical analysis of random simulations.This tutorial explains the basics of that technique, and applies it to the well-known M/M/1 queuing simulation.In that numerical example, different responses are studied.For some responses, bootstrap
Relevant Research on Audio-Tutorial Methods
Novak, Joseph D.
1970-01-01
Reviews two aspects of research related to audio-tutorial instructional methods. First, the learning theory of David P. Ausebel is summarized and applied to instructional procedures. Secondly, learning time for attainment of concept and knowledge levels is discussed. Concludes that studies are needed on designs based on Ausebel's theory,…
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Clement, T.P. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Jones, N.L. [Brigham Young Univ., Provo, UT (United States)
1998-02-01
RT3D (Reactive Transport in 3-Dimensions) is a computer code that solves coupled partial differential equations that describe reactive-flow and transport of multiple mobile and/or immobile species in a three dimensional saturated porous media. RT3D was developed from the single-species transport code, MT3D (DoD-1.5, 1997 version). As with MT3D, RT3D also uses the USGS groundwater flow model MODFLOW for computing spatial and temporal variations in groundwater head distribution. This report presents a set of tutorial problems that are designed to illustrate how RT3D simulations can be performed within the Department of Defense Groundwater Modeling System (GMS). GMS serves as a pre- and post-processing interface for RT3D. GMS can be used to define all the input files needed by RT3D code, and later the code can be launched from within GMS and run as a separate application. Once the RT3D simulation is completed, the solution can be imported to GMS for graphical post-processing. RT3D v1.0 supports several reaction packages that can be used for simulating different types of reactive contaminants. Each of the tutorials, described below, provides training on a different RT3D reaction package. Each reaction package has different input requirements, and the tutorials are designed to describe these differences. Furthermore, the tutorials illustrate the various options available in GMS for graphical post-processing of RT3D results. Users are strongly encouraged to complete the tutorials before attempting to use RT3D and GMS on a routine basis.
Temperature of critical clusters in nucleation theory: Generalized Gibbs' approach
Schmelzer, Jürn W. P.; Boltachev, Grey Sh.; Abyzov, Alexander S.
2013-07-01
According to the classical Gibbs' approach to the description of thermodynamically heterogeneous systems, the temperature of the critical clusters in nucleation is the same as the temperature of the ambient phase, i.e., with respect to temperature the conventional macroscopic equilibrium conditions are assumed to be fulfilled. In contrast, the generalized Gibbs' approach [J. W. P. Schmelzer, G. Sh. Boltachev, and V. G. Baidakov, J. Chem. Phys. 119, 6166 (2003), 10.1063/1.1602066; J. W. P. Schmelzer, G. Sh. Boltachev, and V. G. Baidakov, J. Chem. Phys. 124, 194503 (2006)], 10.1063/1.2196412 predicts that critical clusters (having commonly spatial dimensions in the nanometer range) have, as a rule, a different temperature as compared with the ambient phase. The existence of a curved interface may lead, consequently, to an equilibrium coexistence of different phases with different temperatures similar to differences in pressure as expressed by the well-known Laplace equation. Employing the generalized Gibbs' approach, it is demonstrated that, for the case of formation of droplets in a one-component vapor, the temperature of the critical droplets can be shown to be higher as compared to the vapor. In this way, temperature differences between critically sized droplets and ambient vapor phase, observed in recent molecular dynamics simulations of argon condensation by Wedekind et al. [J. Chem. Phys. 127, 064501 (2007)], 10.1063/1.2752154, can be given a straightforward theoretical interpretation. It is shown as well that - employing the same model assumptions concerning bulk and interfacial properties of the system under consideration - the temperature of critical bubbles in boiling is lower as compared to the bulk liquid.
Study on Storage Reliability Evaluation for Ammunition Using Gibbs Sampler
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2007-01-01
For the gradual maturity of Bayesian survival analysis theory, as well as the defects of the traditional methods for storage reliability evaluation, the Bayesian survival analysis method is proposed to build regression models for reliability in the random truncated test. These models can reflect the influences of different environments on the ammunition storage lifetime. As an example, the common exponential distribution is used here, and Markov chain Monte Carlo(MCMC)method based on Gibbs sampling dynamically simulates the Markov chain of the parameters' posterior distribution. Also,the parameters' Bayesian estimations are calculated in the random truncated condition. The simulation results show that the proposed method is effective and directly perceived.
Money in Gas-Like Markets: Gibbs and Pareto Laws
Arnab Chatterjee; Chakrabarti, Bikas K.; Manna, S. S.
2003-01-01
We consider the ideal-gas models of trading markets, where each agent is identified with a gas molecule and each trading as an elastic or money-conserving (two-body) collision. Unlike in the ideal gas, we introduce saving propensity $\\lambda$ of agents, such that each agent saves a fraction $\\lambda$ of its money and trades with the rest. We show the steady-state money or wealth distribution in a market is Gibbs-like for $\\lambda=0$, has got a non-vanishing most-probable value for $\\lambda \
Near-Optimal Detection in MIMO Systems using Gibbs Sampling
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hansen, Morten; Hassibi, Babak; Dimakis, Georgios Alexandros
2009-01-01
In this paper we study a Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) Gibbs sampler for solving the integer least-squares problem. In digital communication the problem is equivalent to preforming Maximum Likelihood (ML) detection in Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) systems. While the use of MCMC methods...... for such problems has already been proposed, our method is novel in that we optimize the "temperature" parameter so that in steady state, i.e., after the Markov chain has mixed, there is only polynomially (rather than exponentially) small probability of encountering the optimal solution. More precisely, we obtain...
Hybrids of Gibbs Point Process Models and Their Implementation
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Adrian Baddeley
2013-11-01
Full Text Available We describe a simple way to construct new statistical models for spatial point pattern data. Taking two or more existing models (finite Gibbs spatial point processes we multiply the probability densities together and renormalise to obtain a new probability density. We call the resulting model a hybrid. We discuss stochastic properties of hybrids, their statistical implications, statistical inference, computational strategies and software implementation in the R package spatstat. Hybrids are particularly useful for constructing models which exhibit interaction at different spatial scales. The methods are demonstrated on a real data set on human social interaction. Software and data are provided.
A quantum solution to Gibbs Paradox with few particles
Dong, H; Sun, C P
2012-01-01
We present a fully quantum solution to the Gibbs paradox (GP) with an illustration based on a gedanken experiment with two particles trapped in an infinite potential well. The well is divided into two cells by a solid wall, which could be removed for mixing the particles. For the initial thermal state with correct two-particle wavefunction according to their quantum statistics, the exact calculations shows the entropy changes are the same for boson, fermion and non-identical particles. With the observation that the initial unmixed state of identical particles in the conventional presentations actually is not of a thermal equilibrium, our analysis reveals the quantum origin of the paradox, and confirm the E. J. Jaynes' observation that entropy increase in Gibbs mixing is only due to the including more observables measuring the entropy. To further show up the subtle role of the quantum mechanism in the GP, we study the different finite size effect on the entropy change and shows the works performed in the mixin...
Inference with minimal Gibbs free energy in information field theory.
Ensslin, Torsten A; Weig, Cornelius
2010-11-01
Non-linear and non-gaussian signal inference problems are difficult to tackle. Renormalization techniques permit us to construct good estimators for the posterior signal mean within information field theory (IFT), but the approximations and assumptions made are not very obvious. Here we introduce the simple concept of minimal Gibbs free energy to IFT, and show that previous renormalization results emerge naturally. They can be understood as being the gaussian approximation to the full posterior probability, which has maximal cross information with it. We derive optimized estimators for three applications, to illustrate the usage of the framework: (i) reconstruction of a log-normal signal from poissonian data with background counts and point spread function, as it is needed for gamma ray astronomy and for cosmography using photometric galaxy redshifts, (ii) inference of a gaussian signal with unknown spectrum, and (iii) inference of a poissonian log-normal signal with unknown spectrum, the combination of (i) and (ii). Finally we explain how gaussian knowledge states constructed by the minimal Gibbs free energy principle at different temperatures can be combined into a more accurate surrogate of the non-gaussian posterior.
Fast Gibbs sampling for high-dimensional Bayesian inversion
Lucka, Felix
2016-11-01
Solving ill-posed inverse problems by Bayesian inference has recently attracted considerable attention. Compared to deterministic approaches, the probabilistic representation of the solution by the posterior distribution can be exploited to explore and quantify its uncertainties. In applications where the inverse solution is subject to further analysis procedures can be a significant advantage. Alongside theoretical progress, various new computational techniques allow us to sample very high dimensional posterior distributions: in (Lucka 2012 Inverse Problems 28 125012), and a Markov chain Monte Carlo posterior sampler was developed for linear inverse problems with {{\\ell }}1-type priors. In this article, we extend this single component (SC) Gibbs-type sampler to a wide range of priors used in Bayesian inversion, such as general {{\\ell }}pq priors with additional hard constraints. In addition, a fast computation of the conditional, SC densities in an explicit, parameterized form, a fast, robust and exact sampling from these one-dimensional densities is key to obtain an efficient algorithm. We demonstrate that a generalization of slice sampling can utilize their specific structure for this task and illustrate the performance of the resulting slice-within-Gibbs samplers by different computed examples. These new samplers allow us to perform sample-based Bayesian inference in high-dimensional scenarios with certain priors for the first time, including the inversion of computed tomography data with the popular isotropic total variation prior.
The Virasoro Gibbs state and BTZ black holes
Garbarz, Alan
2016-01-01
We show that the Virasoro Gibbs state accurately describes the thermodynamics of BTZ black holes at large temperatures and in the strong-coupling regime $c<1$. We first give a simple heuristic argument by showing that at high temperatures and arbitrary $c$, the energies are much larger than Planck mass. Then we give a detailed analysis of the quantum fluctuations of the Gibbs state on unitary irreducible representations of Virasoro group and explicitly show that they go to zero in the high-temperature limit by means of representation theory results. This implies the state has a sensible thermodynamic limit which actually holds for any $c$. Finally, the matching with BTZ thermodynamics for $c<1$ is obtained by using the known asymptotic behaviour of the characters of the Virasoro discrete series. This result supports the idea that minimal models could describe quantum gravity at strong coupling. We make no use of the Euclidean path integral nor assume modular invariance of the partition functions, althou...
Just Another Gibbs Additive Modeler: Interfacing JAGS and mgcv
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Simon N. Wood
2016-12-01
Full Text Available The BUGS language offers a very flexible way of specifying complex statistical models for the purposes of Gibbs sampling, while its JAGS variant offers very convenient R integration via the rjags package. However, including smoothers in JAGS models can involve some quite tedious coding, especially for multivariate or adaptive smoothers. Further, if an additive smooth structure is required then some care is needed, in order to centre smooths appropriately, and to find appropriate starting values. R package mgcv implements a wide range of smoothers, all in a manner appropriate for inclusion in JAGS code, and automates centring and other smooth setup tasks. The purpose of this note is to describe an interface between mgcv and JAGS, based around an R function, jagam, which takes a generalized additive model (GAM as specified in mgcv and automatically generates the JAGS model code and data required for inference about the model via Gibbs sampling. Although the auto-generated JAGS code can be run as is, the expectation is that the user would wish to modify it in order to add complex stochastic model components readily specified in JAGS. A simple interface is also provided for visualisation and further inference about the estimated smooth components using standard mgcv functionality. The methods described here will be un-necessarily inefficient if all that is required is fully Bayesian inference about a standard GAM, rather than the full flexibility of JAGS. In that case the BayesX package would be more efficient.
Large scale inference in the Infinite Relational Model: Gibbs sampling is not enough
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Albers, Kristoffer Jon; Moth, Andreas Leon Aagard; Mørup, Morten
2013-01-01
The stochastic block-model and its non-parametric extension, the Infinite Relational Model (IRM), have become key tools for discovering group-structure in complex networks. Identifying these groups is a combinatorial inference problem which is usually solved by Gibbs sampling. However, whether...... Gibbs sampling suffices and can be scaled to the modeling of large scale real world complex networks has not been examined sufficiently. In this paper we evaluate the performance and mixing ability of Gibbs sampling in the Infinite Relational Model (IRM) by implementing a high performance Gibbs sampler....... We find that Gibbs sampling can be computationally scaled to handle millions of nodes and billions of links. Investigating the behavior of the Gibbs sampler for different sizes of networks we find that the mixing ability decreases drastically with the network size, clearly indicating a need...
Reflections on Gibbs: From Statistical Physics to the Amistad V3.0
Kadanoff, Leo P.
2014-07-01
This note is based upon a talk given at an APS meeting in celebration of the achievements of J. Willard Gibbs. J. Willard Gibbs, the younger, was the first American physical sciences theorist. He was one of the inventors of statistical physics. He introduced and developed the concepts of phase space, phase transitions, and thermodynamic surfaces in a remarkably correct and elegant manner. These three concepts form the basis of different areas of physics. The connection among these areas has been a subject of deep reflection from Gibbs' time to our own. This talk therefore celebrated Gibbs by describing modern ideas about how different parts of physics fit together. I finished with a more personal note. Our own J. Willard Gibbs had all his many achievements concentrated in science. His father, also J. Willard Gibbs, also a Professor at Yale, had one great non-academic achievement that remains unmatched in our day. I describe it.
Tutorials in endovascular neurosurgery and interventional neuroradiology
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Byrne, James Vincent [Univ. of Oxford, Oxford (United Kingdom). Dept. of Neuroradiology
2012-07-01
This book aims to provide the trainee and practicing minimally invasive neurological therapist with a comprehensive understanding of the background science and theory that forms the foundation of their work. The contents are based on the tutorial teaching techniques used at the University of Oxford and are authored by the MSc Course Director. The tutorial is a learning episode focussed on a particular topic and intended to guide the student/reader through the background literature, to highlight the research on which standard practices are based and to provide the insights of an experienced practitioner. Each chapter of the book covers a different topic to build a complete review of the subspecialty, with in-depth discussion of all currently used techniques. The literature is reviewed and presented in context to illustrate its importance to the practice of this rapidly expanding field of medical treatment.
"Accelerators and beams," a multimedia tutorial
Silbar, Richard R.
1997-02-01
We are developing a computer-based tutorial for charged-particle beam optics under a grant from the DOE. This subject is important to the DOE not only for its use in providing basic research tools but because the physics is the underpinning for accelerators used in industry and medicine. The tutorial, which will be delivered on Macintosh and Windows platforms, uses multimedia techniques to enhance the student's rate of learning and length of retention of the material. As such, it integrates our interactive On-Screen Laboratories™ with hypertext, line drawings, photographs, animation, video, and sound. We are targeting an audience from technicians to graduate students in science and engineering. At this time we have about a fourth of the material (about equivalent to a one-semester three-credit-hour upper under-graduate physics course) available in prototype form.
A Hypertext tutorial for teaching cephalometrics.
Clark, R D; Weekrakone, S; Rock, W P
1997-11-01
Hypertext is a non-linear method of text presentation. It necessitates the use of a computer to store data as a series of nodes that can be called up in any desired sequence and, as such, is a new form of discovery-based learning. This paper describes a Hypertext tutorial in cephalometrics and its subsequent testing on first-year clinical dental students. Students were divided into two groups: the first received a conventional lecture; the second used the Hypertext tutorial. Testing was by means of conventional multiple choice questions. The results showed that there was no statistically significant difference between the two groups, although the computer tutor was shown more consistently to improve the knowledge of the students than did the conventional lecture. Most students who used the computer program found it enjoyable, but time consuming; less than half found it easy to follow.
MacSelfService online tutorial
CERN. Geneva
2016-01-01
Mac Self-Service is a functionality within the Mac Desktop Service built and maintained to empower CERN users by giving them easy access to applications and configurations through the Self-Service application. This tutorial (text attached to the event page) explains how to install Mac Self-Service and how to use it to install applications and printers. Content owner: Vincent Nicolas Bippus Presenter: Pedro Augusto de Freitas Batista Tell us what you think via e-learning.support at cern.ch More tutorials in the e-learning collection of the CERN Document Server (CDS) https://cds.cern.ch/collection/E-learning%20modules?ln=en All info about the CERN rapid e-learning project is linked from http://twiki.cern.ch/ELearning
Translation-invariant and periodic Gibbs measures for the Potts model on a Cayley tree
Khakimov, R. M.; Khaydarov, F. Kh.
2016-11-01
We study translation-invariant Gibbs measures on a Cayley tree of order k = 3 for the ferromagnetic three-state Potts model. We obtain explicit formulas for translation-invariant Gibbs measures. We also consider periodic Gibbs measures on a Cayley tree of order k for the antiferromagnetic q-state Potts model. Moreover, we improve previously obtained results: we find the exact number of periodic Gibbs measures with the period two on a Cayley tree of order k ≥ 3 that are defined on some invariant sets.
ReSTful OSGi Web Applications Tutorial
Shams, Khawaja; Norris, Jeff
2008-01-01
This slide presentation accompanies a tutorial on the ReSTful (Representational State Transfer) web application. Using Open Services Gateway Initiative (OSGi), ReST uses HTTP protocol to enable developers to offer services to a diverse variety of clients: from shell scripts to sophisticated Java application suites. It also uses Eclipse for the rapid development, the Eclipse debugger, the test application, and the ease of export to production servers.
ESE 631 ASH COURSE Tutorial/UOPHELP
sdzfghj
2015-01-01
For more course tutorials visit www.uophelp.com ESE 631 Complete Class, New Syllabus Business - General Business LRE and FAPE. Please read the article “Least Restrictive Environment: How Do We Prepare Both Our Special Educators and Our General Educators to Comply with the Provision?” (Keuhne, 1998). According to IDEA, what do the terms Least Restrictive Environment (LRE) and Free and Appropriate Public Education (FAPE) mean? How does inclusion fi...
Interactive learning tutorials on quantum mechanics
Singh, Chandralekha
2016-01-01
We discuss the development and evaluation of quantum interactive learning tutorials (QuILTs) which are suitable for undergraduate courses in quantum mechanics. QuILTs are based on the investigation of student difficulties in learning quantum physics. They exploit computer-based visualization tools and help students build links between the formal and conceptual aspects of quantum physics without compromising the technical content. They can be used both as supplements to lectures or as a self-study tool.
Thermophysics Universal Research Framework (TURF) Tutorial Package
2017-03-02
DATES COVERED (From - To) 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Thermophysics Universal Research Framework (TURF) Tutorial Package 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER In...Standard Form 298 (Rev. 8-98) Prescribed by ANSI Std. 239.18 THERMOPHYSICS UNIVERSAL RESEARCH FRAMEWORK – INFRASTRUCTURE RELEASE – (TURF-IR V1.0...a C-R physics module), there are no hooks to indicate that a particular module is missing. In this way, reverse engineering the functionality of a
abs417ashcoursesTutorial /uophelp
smith
2015-01-01
For more course tutorials visit www.uophelp.com ABS 417 Week 1 DQ 1 ( The Power of Many ) ABS 417 Week 1 DQ 2 ( Social Change Model ) ABS 417 Week 2 DQ 1 ( Empowerment, Disempowerment and Social Change ) ABS 417 Week 2 DQ 2 ( Non-Profit vs. For-Profit Organizations ) ABS 417 Week 2 Assignment ( Reflection Paper ) ABS 417 Week 3 DQ 1 ( Social Problems ) &nb...
ACC 220 Tutorials / acc220dotcom
modumteja
2015-01-01
For more course tutorials visit www.acc220.com ACC 220 Week 1 Checkpoint Career Opportunities ACC 220 Week 1 DQ 1 & DQ 2 ACC 220 Week 2 Checkpoint Proprietorships, Partnerships, and Corporations ACC 220 Week 2 Assignment Financial Statements ACC 220 Week 3 Checkpoint Classified Balance Sheets ACC 220 Week 3 DQ 1 and DQ 2 ACC 220 Week 4 Checkpoint Cash Management Matrix Appendix B ACC 220 Week 4 Assignment Internal Cash Control ACC 220 Wee...
EDU 626 ASH COURSE Tutorial/UOPHELP
dsftr
2015-01-01
For more course tutorials visit www.uophelp.com EDU 626 Complete Class, New Coursework Business - General Business Week 1 Brainstorm. Brainstorm potential educational research topics that are of interest to you. What is a topic that will motivate you to want to explore it further? Try to focus in as much as possible. For example, if you are interested in education for gifted children, you may want to focus on the advantages/disadvantages of homogeneous grouping ...
Fluctuations and Gibbs-Thomson Law - the Simple Physics.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Chernov, A A; De Yoreo, J J; Rashkovich, L N
2006-09-15
Crystals of slightly soluble materials should be subject of relatively weak attachment/detachment fluctuations on their faces so that steps on that faces have low kink density. These steps are parallel to the most close packed lattice rows and form polygons on a crystal surface. The process responsible for implementation of the classical Gibbs-Thomson law (GTL) for the polygonal step (in two dimensions, 2D) is kink exchange between the step corners. For the 3D crystallites, this mechanism includes step exchange. If these mechanisms do not operate because of slow fluctuations the GTL is not applicable. Physics of these processes and conditions for the GTL applicability are discussed on a simple qualitative level.
On truncated generalized Gibbs ensembles in the Ising field theory
Essler, F. H. L.; Mussardo, G.; Panfil, M.
2017-01-01
We discuss the implementation of two different truncated Generalized Gibbs Ensembles (GGE) describing the stationary state after a mass quench process in the Ising Field Theory. One truncated GGE is based on the semi-local charges of the model, the other on regularized versions of its ultra-local charges. We test the efficiency of the two different ensembles by comparing their predictions for the stationary state values of the single-particle Green’s function G(x)= of the complex fermion field \\psi (x) . We find that both truncated GGEs are able to recover G(x), but for a given number of charges the semi-local version performs better.
The Gibbs paradox and the distinguishability of identical particles
Versteegh, Marijn A. M.; Dieks, Dennis
2011-07-01
Identical classical particles are distinguishable. This distinguishability affects the number of ways W a macrostate can be realized on the microlevel, and from the relation S =k ln W leads to a nonextensive expression for the entropy. This result is usually considered incorrect because of its inconsistency with thermodynamics. It is sometimes concluded from this inconsistency that identical particles are fundamentally indistinguishable and that quantum mechanics is indispensable for making sense of this inconsistency. In contrast, we argue that the classical statistics of distinguishable particles and the resulting nonextensive entropy function are perfectly acceptable from both a theoretical and an experimental perspective. The inconsistency with thermodynamics can be removed by taking into account that the entropy concept in statistical mechanics is not completely identical to the thermodynamical one. We observe that even identical quantum particles are in some cases distinguishable, and conclude that quantum mechanics is irrelevant to the Gibbs paradox.
Work and entropy production in generalised Gibbs ensembles
Perarnau-Llobet, Martí; Riera, Arnau; Gallego, Rodrigo; Wilming, Henrik; Eisert, Jens
2016-12-01
Recent years have seen an enormously revived interest in the study of thermodynamic notions in the quantum regime. This applies both to the study of notions of work extraction in thermal machines in the quantum regime, as well as to questions of equilibration and thermalisation of interacting quantum many-body systems as such. In this work we bring together these two lines of research by studying work extraction in a closed system that undergoes a sequence of quenches and equilibration steps concomitant with free evolutions. In this way, we incorporate an important insight from the study of the dynamics of quantum many body systems: the evolution of closed systems is expected to be well described, for relevant observables and most times, by a suitable equilibrium state. We will consider three kinds of equilibration, namely to (i) the time averaged state, (ii) the Gibbs ensemble and (iii) the generalised Gibbs ensemble, reflecting further constants of motion in integrable models. For each effective description, we investigate notions of entropy production, the validity of the minimal work principle and properties of optimal work extraction protocols. While we keep the discussion general, much room is dedicated to the discussion of paradigmatic non-interacting fermionic quantum many-body systems, for which we identify significant differences with respect to the role of the minimal work principle. Our work not only has implications for experiments with cold atoms, but also can be viewed as suggesting a mindset for quantum thermodynamics where the role of the external heat baths is instead played by the system itself, with its internal degrees of freedom bringing coarse-grained observables to equilibrium.
Koh, Aaron
2014-12-01
Why do more than three-quarters of Hong Kong's senior secondary students flock to tutorial centres like moths to light? What is the "magic" that is driving the popularity of the tutorial centre enterprise? Indeed, looking at the ongoing boom of tutorial centres in Hong Kong (there are almost 1,000 of them), it is difficult not to ask these questions. This paper examines the phenomenon of tutorial centres in Hong Kong and seeks to understand what draws students to these centres. Combining theories of marketing semiotics and emotion studies, the author investigates the pivotal role of media marketing in generating the "magic" of tutorial centres, whose advertising strategy includes, for example, a display of billboard posters featuring stylishly-dressed "celebrity teachers". The author reviews some of the literature available on the subject of tutorial centres. In a case study approach, he then maps out the pedagogy he observed in an English tutorial class, seeking heuristic insights into the kind of teaching students in the study were looking for. He argues that part of the "magical" attraction of what are essentially "cram schools" is their formulaic pedagogy of teaching and reinforcing exam skills. Finally, the paper considers the social implications of the tutorial centre industry in terms of media marketing of education and unequal access to tutorial services.
Bozlee, Brian J.
2007-01-01
The impact of raising Gibbs energy of the enzyme-substrate complex (G[subscript 3]) and the reformulation of the Michaelis-Menten equation are discussed. The maximum velocity of the reaction (v[subscript m]) and characteristic constant for the enzyme (K[subscript M]) will increase with increase in Gibbs energy, indicating that the rate of reaction…
Illustrating the Effect of pH on Enzyme Activity Using Gibbs Energy Profiles
Bearne, Stephen L.
2014-01-01
Gibbs energy profiles provide students with a visual representation of the energy changes that occur during enzyme catalysis, making such profiles useful as teaching and learning tools. Traditional kinetic topics, such as the effect of pH on enzyme activity, are often not discussed in terms of Gibbs energy profiles. Herein, the symbolism of Gibbs…
Illustrating the Effect of pH on Enzyme Activity Using Gibbs Energy Profiles
Bearne, Stephen L.
2014-01-01
Gibbs energy profiles provide students with a visual representation of the energy changes that occur during enzyme catalysis, making such profiles useful as teaching and learning tools. Traditional kinetic topics, such as the effect of pH on enzyme activity, are often not discussed in terms of Gibbs energy profiles. Herein, the symbolism of Gibbs…
Possible loss and recovery of Gibbsianness during the stochastic evolution of Gibbs measures
Enter, A.C.D. van; Fernández, R.; Redig, F.; den Hollander, F.
We consider Ising-spin systems starting from an initial Gibbs measure 1) and evolving under a spin-flip dynamics towards a reversible Gibbs measure mu not equal nu. Both v and mu are assumed to have a translation-invariant finite-range interaction. We study the Gibbsian character of the measure
Use of IBM LinkWay for Developing Tutorials.
Nagarkatte, Umesh P.; Nagarkatte, Shailaja U.
IBM LinkWay is an example of a hypertext and hypermedia authoring system. This paper summarizes a workshop presentation that demonstrates how to create a mathematics tutorial using LinkWay. An introduction discusses the guidelines for the tutorial. The guidelines consider the presentation of questions, help features for the students, feedback,…
The SIKS/BiGGrid Big Data Tutorial
Hiemstra, Djoerd; Lammerts, Evert; de Vries, A.P.
2011-01-01
The School for Information and Knowledge Systems SIKS and the Dutch e-science grid BiG Grid organized a new two-day tutorial on Big Data at the University of Twente on 30 November and 1 December 2011, just preceding the Dutch-Belgian Database Day. The tutorial is on top of some exciting new
Developing and Testing a Video Tutorial for Software Training
Meij, van der Hans
2014-01-01
Purpose: Video tutorials for software training are rapidly becoming popular. A set of dedicated guidelines for the construction of such tutorials was recently advanced in Technical Communication (Van der Meij & Van der Meij, 2013). The present study set out to assess the cognitive and motivational e
The SIKS/BiGGrid Big Data Tutorial
Hiemstra, Djoerd; Lammerts, Evert; Vries, de Arjen P.
2011-01-01
The School for Information and Knowledge Systems SIKS and the Dutch e-science grid BiG Grid organized a new two-day tutorial on Big Data at the University of Twente on 30 November and 1 December 2011, just preceding the Dutch-Belgian Database Day. The tutorial is on top of some exciting new developm
The SIKS/BiGGrid Big Data Tutorial
Hiemstra, Djoerd; Lammerts, Evert; de Vries, A.P.
2011-01-01
The School for Information and Knowledge Systems SIKS and the Dutch e-science grid BiG Grid organized a new two-day tutorial on Big Data at the University of Twente on 30 November and 1 December 2011, just preceding the Dutch-Belgian Database Day. The tutorial is on top of some exciting new developm
Evaluating Best Practices for Video Tutorials: A Case Study
Weeks, Thomas; Putnam Davis, Jennifer
2017-01-01
This article will explore one library's experience creating best practices for the creation of video tutorials. First, a literature review establishes the best practices other creators have used. Then, the authors apply these best practices to the creation of their first video tutorial. Finally, they evaluate the usefulness of each practice in…
SPIN Tutorial: How to Become a SPIN Doctor
Ruys, T.C.; Bosnacki, D.; Leue, S.
2002-01-01
SPIN is a model checker for the verification of software systems. SPIN uses a high level language called PROMELA to specify systems descriptions. The goal of this tutorial is to introduce novice users to both PROMELA and SPIN. The tutorial itself is divided into two parts. The BASIC SPIN part is tar
XACC 280 UOP Tutorial Course/Uoptutorial
anemone222
2015-01-01
For More Course Tutorials Visit www.uoptutorial.com 1. Assignment: Journalizing, Posting, and Preparing a Trial Balance · Complete P2-2A on p. 81 of Financial Accounting, using the templates in Appendix C for your answers. Each part of the problem corresponds to one tab in Appendix C. Complete all three tabs of Appendix C. ...
SOC 120 ASH Tutorial course/ Uoptutorial
Michael Crichton
2015-01-01
For more course tutorials visit www.uoptutorial.com SOC 120 WEEK 1 DQ 1 RELATIVISM SOC 120 WEEK 1 DQ 2 EGOISM AND ALTRUISM SOC 120 WEEK 2 DQ 1 SCHOOL PRAYER SOC 120 WEEK 2 DQ 2 RESPONSIBILITY AND REWARD SOC 120 WEEK 2 RELATIVISM AND MORALITY SOC 120 WEEK 3 DQ 1 DEATH PENALTY SOC 120 WEEK 3 DQ 2 FUTURE GENERATIONS AND DEVELOPMENT SOC 120 WEEK 3 ROUGH DRAFT OF FINAL PAPER ON ETHICS THEORY SOC 120 WEEK 4 DQ 1 PRESUMPTION OF INNOCENCE ...
MGT 401 ASH Course Tutorial / Tutorialoutlet
kennith
2015-01-01
For more course tutorials visit www.tutorialoutlet.com MGT 401 Week 1 Individual Assignment Strategic Management Process Paper (Ash) MGT 401 Week 1 Class Activity Week 1 (Ash) MGT 401 Week 1 DQ 1 (Ash) MGT 401 Week 1 DQ 2 (Ash) MGT 401 Week 2 Learning Team Business Model Comparison Example (Ash) MGT 401 Week 2 DQ 1 (Ash) MGT 401 Week 2 DQ 2 (Ash) MGT 401 Week 2 Class Activity (Ash) MGT 401 Week 3 Individual Assignment Business Plan Evaluation (Ash) ...
MGT 330 ASH Course Tutorial / Tutorialoutlet
alfoniz
2015-01-01
For more course tutorials visit www.tutorialoutlet.com MGT 330 Week 1 Individual Assignment Functions of Management Paper (Ash) MGT 330 Week 1 DQ 1 (Ash) MGT 330 Week 1 DQ 2 (Ash) MGT 330 Week 1 DQ 3 (Ash) MGT 330 Week 1 Summary (Ash) MGT 330 Week 2 Team Assignment External Internal Factors Paper (Ash) MGT 330 Week 2 Individual Assignment Delegation (Ash) MGT 330 Week 2 Summary (Ash) MGT 330 Week 2 DQ 1 (Ash) MGT 330 Week 2 DQ 2 (Ash) MGT 330 W...
HIS 103 ASH course tutorial/tutorialoutlet
NARESH 1
2015-01-01
For more course tutorials visit www.tutorialoutlet.com HIS 103 Week 1 DQ 1 (Transition to Agriculture) (Ash) HIS 103 Week 1 DQ 2 (Early Complex Societies) (Ash) HIS 103 Week 1 Quiz (Ash) HIS 103 Week 1 Assignment (Ash) HIS 103 Week 2 Assignment Greco Roman Influence Paper (Ash) HIS 103 Week 2 DQ 1 Chinese Social and Political Order Systems (Ash) HIS 103 Week 2 DQ 2 Caste System (Ash) HIS 103 Week 2 Quiz (Ash) HIS 103 Week 3 Assignment Black Death Dra...
MAT 126 ASH Course Tutorial / Tutorialoutlet
stylia
2015-01-01
For more course tutorials visit www.tutorialoutlet.com MAT 126 Week 1 DQ 1 (Ash) MAT 126 Week 1 Quiz (Ash) MAT 126 Week 1 Written Assignment (Arithmetic and geometric sequence) (Ash) MAT 126 Week 2 DQ 1 (Ash) MAT 126 Week 2 DQ 2 (Ash) MAT 126 Week 2 Assignment Is It Fat Free (Ash) MAT 126 Week 2 Quiz (Ash) MAT 126 Week 3 DQ 1 (Ash) MAT 126 Week 3 DQ 2 (Ash) MAT 126 Week 3 Assignment Quadratic Equations (Ash) MAT 126 Week 3 Quiz (Ash) MAT 126...
CJA 444 Tutorials / cja444dotcom
sunshine384
2015-01-01
For more course tutorials visit www.cja444.com CJA 444 Week 1 DQ 1 CJA 444 Week 1 DQ 2 CJA 444 Week 1 Individual Assignment Organizational Behavior Paper CJA 444 Week 1 Team Assignment Weekly Summary CJA 444 Week 2 DQ 1 CJA 444 Week 2 DQ 2 CJA 444 week 2 Individual Assignment Group Behavior and Processes Paper CJA 444 Week 2 Team Assignment Team Diversity Paper CJA 444 Week 2 Learning Team Weekly Summary CJA 444 Week 3 DQ 1 CJA 444 We...
Sonic effervescence: A tutorial on acoustic cavitation
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Apfel, R.E. [Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520-8286 (United States)
1997-03-01
This article on acoustic cavitation is a revision of a tutorial lecture presented at the Acoustical Society of America meeting in Austin, Texas, on 28 November 1994. The general approach adopted here differs from a review article in stressing the overarching themes that come under the category of acoustic cavitation, rather than being an encyclopedic reference on the topic. When possible, specific order-of-magnitude estimates have been given so that the reader can better understand the particular phenomena being described. The basic physics is discussed, and applications are reviewed with the goal of putting them in a useful context. {copyright} {ital 1997 Acoustical Society of America.}
Endnote Web tutorial for BJCVS/RBCCV
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Marcos Aurélio Barboza de Oliveira
2015-04-01
Full Text Available AbstractAt present, many useful tools for reference management are available for use. They can be either off-line softwares or accessible Websites to all users in the internet. Their target is to facilitate the production of scientific text. But, to accomplish that, the featured bibliographic style should be effectively inserted, and the program has to be free. Here in this tutorial, we present Endnote Web®, a bibliographic reference management program comprising these two requirements: it contains the Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery reference format and its use is free for charge after sign-in in IP registered terminal in Web of Science®.
Endnote Web tutorial for BJCVS/RBCCV.
Oliveira, Marcos Aurélio Barboza de; Santos, Carlos Alberto dos; Brandi, Antônio Carlos; Botelho, Paulo Henrique Husseini; Sciarra, Adília Maria Pires; Braile, Domingo Marcolino
2015-01-01
At present, many useful tools for reference management are available for use. They can be either off-line softwares or accessible Websites to all users in the internet. Their target is to facilitate the production of scientific text. But, to accomplish that, the featured bibliographic style should be effectively inserted, and the program has to be free. Here in this tutorial, we present Endnote Web®, a bibliographic reference management program comprising these two requirements: it contains the Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery reference format and its use is free for charge after sign-in in IP registered terminal in Web of Science®.
Endnote Web tutorial for BJCVS/RBCCV
de Oliveira, Marcos Aurélio Barboza; dos Santos, Carlos Alberto; Brandi, Antônio Carlos; Botelho, Paulo Henrique Husseini; Sciarra, Adília Maria Pires; Braile, Domingo Marcolino
2015-01-01
At present, many useful tools for reference management are available for use. They can be either off-line softwares or accessible Websites to all users in the internet. Their target is to facilitate the production of scientific text. But, to accomplish that, the featured bibliographic style should be effectively inserted, and the program has to be free. Here in this tutorial, we present Endnote Web®, a bibliographic reference management program comprising these two requirements: it contains the Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery reference format and its use is free for charge after sign-in in IP registered terminal in Web of Science®. PMID:26107457
BIS 220 Tutorials /bis220dotcom
ramya85
2015-01-01
BIS 220 Entire Course For more course tutorials visit www.bis220.com BIS 220 Week 1 Individual Assignment Information Technology Acts Paper BIS 220 Week 1 DQ 1 BIS 220 Week 1 DQ 2 BIS 220 Week 2 LT Reflection Summary BIS 220 Week 2 Individual Assignment Information Systems Proposal BIS 220 Week 2 DQ 1 BIS 220 Week 2 DQ 2 BIS 220 Week 3 Individual Assignment Types of Electronic Commerce Activity BIS 220 Week 3 LT Reflection Summ...
CJS 220 Tutorials / cjs220dotcom
sunshine38
2015-01-01
For more course tutorials visit www.cjs220.com CJS 220 Week 1 DQ 1 and DQ 2 CJS 220 Week 2 Checkpoint Structure of the Courts CJS 220 Week 2 Individual Law Opinion Paper CJS 220 Week 3 Checkpoint Due Process CJS 220 Week 3 Checkpoint Legal Defenses CJS 220 Week 3 DQ 1 and DQ 2 CJS 220 Week 4 Checkpoint Attorney Client Confidentiality CJS 220 Week 4 Individual Assignment Prosecution Versus Defense Paper CJS 220 Week 5 Checkpoint Path to...
BIS 220 Tutorials / bis220dotcom
rajitha82
2015-01-01
BIS 220 Entire Course For more course tutorials visit www.bis220.com BIS 220 Week 1 Individual Assignment Information Technology Acts Paper BIS 220 Week 1 DQ 1 BIS 220 Week 1 DQ 2 BIS 220 Week 2 LT Reflection Summary BIS 220 Week 2 Individual Assignment Information Systems Proposal BIS 220 Week 2 DQ 1 BIS 220 Week 2 DQ 2 BIS 220 Week 3 Individual Assignment Types of Electronic Commerce Activity BIS 220 Week 3 LT Reflection Summ...
Tutorial examples for uncertainty quantification methods.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
De Bord, Sarah [Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States)
2015-08-01
This report details the work accomplished during my 2015 SULI summer internship at Sandia National Laboratories in Livermore, CA. During this internship, I worked on multiple tasks with the common goal of making uncertainty quantification (UQ) methods more accessible to the general scientific community. As part of my work, I created a comprehensive numerical integration example to incorporate into the user manual of a UQ software package. Further, I developed examples involving heat transfer through a window to incorporate into tutorial lectures that serve as an introduction to UQ methods.
Design and evaluation of a computer tutorial on electric fields
Morse, Jeanne Jackson
Research has shown that students do not fully understand electric fields and their interactions with charged particles after completing traditional classroom instruction. The purpose of this project was to develop a computer tutorial to remediate some of these difficulties. Research on the effectiveness of computer-delivered instructional materials showed that students would learn better from media incorporating user-controlled interactive graphics. Two versions of the tutorial were tested. One version used interactive graphics and the other used static graphics. The two versions of the tutorial were otherwise identical. This project was done in four phases. Phases I and II were used to refine the topics covered in the tutorial and to test the usability of the tutorial. The final version of the tutorial was tested in Phases III and IV. The tutorial was tested using a pretest-posttest design with a control group. Both tests were administered in an interview setting. The tutorial using interactive graphics was more effective at remediating students' difficulties than the tutorial using static graphics for students in Phase III (p = 0.001). In Phase IV students who viewed the tutorial with static graphics did better than those viewing interactive graphics. The sample size in Phase IV was too small for this to be a statistically meaningful result. Some student reasoning errors were noted during the interviews. These include difficulty with the vector representation of electric fields, treating electric charge as if it were mass, using faulty algebraic reasoning to answer questions involving ratios and proportions, and using Coulomb's law in situations in which it is not appropriate.
A Gibbs Formulation for Reactive Materials with Phase Change
Stewart, D. Scott
2015-11-01
A large class of applications have pure, condensed phase constituents that come into contact, chemically react and simultaneously undergo phase change. Phase change in a given molecular material has often been considered to be separate from chemical reaction. Continuum modelers of phase change often use a phase field model whereby an indicator function is allowed to change from one value to another in regions of phase change, governed by evolutionary (Ginzburg-Landau) equations, whereas classic chemical kinetics literally count species concentrations and derive kinetics evolution equations based on species mass transport. We argue the latter is fundamental and is the same as the former, if all species, phase or chemical are treated as distinct chemical species. We pose a self-consistent continuum, thermo-mechanical model to account for significant energetic quantities with correct molecular and continuum limits in the mixture. A single stress tensor, and a single temperature is assumed for the mixture with specified Gibbs potentials for all relevant species, and interaction energies. We discuss recent examples of complex reactive material modeling, drawn from thermitic and propellant combustion that use this new model. DSS supported by DTRA, ONR and AFOSR.
Thermodynamic analysis of nucleation in confined space: generalized Gibbs approach.
Schmelzer, Jürn W P; Abyzov, Alexander S
2011-02-07
A general thermodynamic analysis of nucleation-growth processes in confined space in initially metastable states of the ambient phase is performed based on the generalized Gibbs approach to the description of heterogeneous systems. In particular, it is shown analytically how the parameters of critical clusters and clusters in stable equilibrium with the ambient phase depend on the volume of the system for initially fixed intensive state parameters of the ambient phase. Qualitatively, the results are shown to be similar independent on the boundary conditions employed. It is demonstrated further that the behavior of systems in confined space is directly related to the kinetics of phase transformation processes in spatially extended systems, when ensembles of clusters are formed. The results of the thermodynamic analysis of cluster formation and growth in a confined space are employed then, in particular, to the derivation of kinetic equations for the description of the process of coarsening or Ostwald ripening. In the analysis of both the nucleation in confined space and the description of Ostwald ripening, no specific assumptions concerning the equations of state of the system under consideration and the number of components both in the ambient and newly evolving phases are made. Consequently, the results are of very general nature and hold always as far as the necessary condition for the possibility of a phase transformation is fulfilled.
A CMB GIBBS SAMPLER FOR LOCALIZED SECONDARY ANISOTROPIES
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bull, Philip; Eriksen, Hans Kristian; Fuskeland, Unni [Institute of Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1029 Blindern, N-0315 Oslo (Norway); Wehus, Ingunn K.; Ferreira, Pedro G. [Astrophysics, University of Oxford, DWB, Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3RH (United Kingdom); Górski, Krzysztof M.; Jewell, Jeffrey B., E-mail: p.j.bull@astro.uio.no [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States)
2015-07-20
In addition to primary fluctuations, cosmic microwave background (CMB) temperature maps contain a wealth of additional information in the form of secondary anisotropies. However, secondary effects that can be identified with individual objects, such as the thermal and kinetic Sunyaev–Zel’dovich (TSZ–KSZ) effects due to galaxy clusters, are difficult to unambiguously disentangle from foreground contamination and the primary CMB. We develop a Bayesian formalism to rigorously characterize anisotropies that are localized on the sky, taking the TSZ and KSZ effects as an example. Using a Gibbs sampling scheme, we are able to efficiently sample from the joint posterior distribution for a multi-component model of the sky with many thousands of correlated physical parameters. The posterior can then be exactly marginalized to estimate the properties of the secondary anisotropies, fully taking into account degeneracies with the other signals in the CMB map. We show that this method is computationally tractable using a simple implementation based on the existing Commander component separation code and discuss how other types of secondary anisotropy can be accommodated within our framework.
Apparent Inverse Gibbs-Thomson Effect in Dealloyed Nanoporous Nanoparticles
McCue, I.; Snyder, J.; Li, X.; Chen, Q.; Sieradzki, K.; Erlebacher, J.
2012-06-01
The Gibbs-Thomson effect (the reduction of local chemical potential due to nanoscale curvature) predicts that nanoparticles of radius r dissolve at lower electrochemical potentials than bulk materials, decreasing as 1/r. However, we show here that if the particle is an alloy—susceptible to selective dissolution (dealloying) and nanoporosity evolution—then complete selective electrochemical dissolution and porosity evolution require a higher electrochemical potential than the comparable bulk planar material, increasing empirically as 1/r. This is a kinetic effect, which we demonstrate via kinetic Monte Carlo simulation. Our model shows that in the initial stages of dissolution, the less noble particle component is easily stripped from the nanoparticle surface, but owing to an increased mobility of the more noble atoms, the surface of the particle quickly passivates. At a fixed electrochemical potential, porosity and complete dealloying can only evolve if fluctuations in the surface passivation layer are sufficiently long-lived to allow dissolution from percolating networks of the less-noble component that penetrate through the bulk of the particle.
Gibbs energy of formation of cobalt divanadium tetroxide
Jacob, K. T.; Pandit, S. Shashidhara
1985-11-01
The Gibbs energy of formation of V 2O 3-saturated spinel CoV 2O 4 has been measured in the temperature range 900-1700 K using a solid state galvanic cell, which can be represented as Pt, Co + CoV 2O 4 + {V2O3}/{(CaO)}{ZrO2}/{Co} + CoO, Pt. The standard free energy of formation of cobalt vanadite from component oxides can be represented as CoO (rs) + V 2O 3 (cor) → CoV 2O 4 (sp), ΔG° = -30,125 - 5.06 T (± 150) J mole -1. Cation mixing on crystallographically nonequivalent sites of the spinel is responsible for the decrease in free energy with increasing temperature. A correlation between "second law" entropies of formation of cubic 2-3 spinels from component oxides with rock salt and corundum structures and cation distribution is presented. Based on the information obtained in this study and trends in the stability of aluminate and chromite spinels, it can be deduced that copper vanadite is unstable.
Solar Tutorial and Annotation Resource (STAR)
Showalter, C.; Rex, R.; Hurlburt, N. E.; Zita, E. J.
2009-12-01
We have written a software suite designed to facilitate solar data analysis by scientists, students, and the public, anticipating enormous datasets from future instruments. Our “STAR" suite includes an interactive learning section explaining 15 classes of solar events. Users learn software tools that exploit humans’ superior ability (over computers) to identify many events. Annotation tools include time slice generation to quantify loop oscillations, the interpolation of event shapes using natural cubic splines (for loops, sigmoids, and filaments) and closed cubic splines (for coronal holes). Learning these tools in an environment where examples are provided prepares new users to comfortably utilize annotation software with new data. Upon completion of our tutorial, users are presented with media of various solar events and asked to identify and annotate the images, to test their mastery of the system. Goals of the project include public input into the data analysis of very large datasets from future solar satellites, and increased public interest and knowledge about the Sun. In 2010, the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) will be launched into orbit. SDO’s advancements in solar telescope technology will generate a terabyte per day of high-quality data, requiring innovation in data management. While major projects develop automated feature recognition software, so that computers can complete much of the initial event tagging and analysis, still, that software cannot annotate features such as sigmoids, coronal magnetic loops, coronal dimming, etc., due to large amounts of data concentrated in relatively small areas. Previously, solar physicists manually annotated these features, but with the imminent influx of data it is unrealistic to expect specialized researchers to examine every image that computers cannot fully process. A new approach is needed to efficiently process these data. Providing analysis tools and data access to students and the public have proven
Parsing regulatory DNA: General tasks, techniques, and the PhyloGibbs approach
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Rahul Siddharthan
2007-08-01
In this review, we discuss the general problem of understanding transcrip tional regulation from DNA sequence and prior information. The main tasks we discuss are predicting local regions of DNA, cis-regulatory modules (CRMs) that contain binding sites for transcription factors (TFs), and predicting individ ual binding sites. We review various existing methods, and then describe the approach taken by PhyloGibbs, a recent motif-finding algorithm that we developed to predict TF binding sites, and PhyloGibbs-MP, an extension to PhyloGibbs that tackles other tasks in regulatory genomics, particularly prediction of CRMs.
Lab-Tutorials for teaching quantum physics (Lab-Tutorials fuer den Quantenphysik Unterricht)
Wittmann, M C
2006-01-01
English abstract: In the "Intuitive Quantum Physics" course, we use graphical interpretations of mathematical equations and qualitative reasoning to develop and teach a simplified model of quantum physics. Our course contains three units: Wave physics, Development of a conceptual toolbox, and quantum physics. It also contains three key themes: wave-particle duality, the Schroedinger equation, and tunneling of quantum particles. Students learn most new material in lab-tutorials in which students work in small groups (3 to 3 people) on specially designed worksheets. Lecture reinforces the lab-tutorial content and focuses more on issues about the nature of science. Data show that students are able to learn some of the most difficult concepts in the course, and also that students learn to believe that there is a conceptually accessible structure to the physics in the course. German abstract: Im Kurs "Intuitive Quantum Physics" werden graphische Interpretationen mathematischer Gleichungen und qualitatives Denken d...
An Introduction to the DA-T Gibbs Sampler for the Two-Parameter Logistic (2PL Model and Beyond
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Gunter Maris
2005-01-01
Full Text Available The DA-T Gibbs sampler is proposed by Maris and Maris (2002 as a Bayesian estimation method for a wide variety of Item Response Theory (IRT models. The present paper provides an expository account of the DAT Gibbs sampler for the 2PL model. However, the scope is not limited to the 2PL model. It is demonstrated how the DA-T Gibbs sampler for the 2PL may be used to build, quite easily, Gibbs samplers for other IRT models. Furthermore, the paper contains a novel, intuitive derivation of the Gibbs sampler and could be read for a graduate course on sampling.
Determination of Gibbs energies of formation in aqueous solution using chemical engineering tools.
Toure, Oumar; Dussap, Claude-Gilles
2016-08-01
Standard Gibbs energies of formation are of primary importance in the field of biothermodynamics. In the absence of any directly measured values, thermodynamic calculations are required to determine the missing data. For several biochemical species, this study shows that the knowledge of the standard Gibbs energy of formation of the pure compounds (in the gaseous, solid or liquid states) enables to determine the corresponding standard Gibbs energies of formation in aqueous solutions. To do so, using chemical engineering tools (thermodynamic tables and a model enabling to predict activity coefficients, solvation Gibbs energies and pKa data), it becomes possible to determine the partial chemical potential of neutral and charged components in real metabolic conditions, even in concentrated mixtures.
Rapidly Mixing Gibbs Sampling for a Class of Factor Graphs Using Hierarchy Width.
De Sa, Christopher; Zhang, Ce; Olukotun, Kunle; Ré, Christopher
2015-12-01
Gibbs sampling on factor graphs is a widely used inference technique, which often produces good empirical results. Theoretical guarantees for its performance are weak: even for tree structured graphs, the mixing time of Gibbs may be exponential in the number of variables. To help understand the behavior of Gibbs sampling, we introduce a new (hyper)graph property, called hierarchy width. We show that under suitable conditions on the weights, bounded hierarchy width ensures polynomial mixing time. Our study of hierarchy width is in part motivated by a class of factor graph templates, hierarchical templates, which have bounded hierarchy width-regardless of the data used to instantiate them. We demonstrate a rich application from natural language processing in which Gibbs sampling provably mixes rapidly and achieves accuracy that exceeds human volunteers.
A TUTORIAL INTRODUCTION TO ADAPTIVE FRACTAL ANALYSIS
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Michael A Riley
2012-09-01
Full Text Available The authors present a tutorial description of adaptive fractal analysis (AFA. AFA utilizes an adaptive detrending algorithm to extract globally smooth trend signals from the data and then analyzes the scaling of the residuals to the fit as a function of the time scale at which the fit is computed. The authors present applications to synthetic mathematical signals to verify the accuracy of AFA and demonstrate the basic steps of the analysis. The authors then present results from applying AFA to time series from a cognitive psychology experiment on repeated estimation of durations of time to illustrate some of the complexities of real-world data. AFA shows promise in dealing with many types of signals, but like any fractal analysis method there are special challenges and considerations to take into account, such as determining the presence of linear scaling regions.
Maximum Segment Sum, Monadically (distilled tutorial
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Jeremy Gibbons
2011-09-01
Full Text Available The maximum segment sum problem is to compute, given a list of integers, the largest of the sums of the contiguous segments of that list. This problem specification maps directly onto a cubic-time algorithm; however, there is a very elegant linear-time solution too. The problem is a classic exercise in the mathematics of program construction, illustrating important principles such as calculational development, pointfree reasoning, algebraic structure, and datatype-genericity. Here, we take a sideways look at the datatype-generic version of the problem in terms of monadic functional programming, instead of the traditional relational approach; the presentation is tutorial in style, and leavened with exercises for the reader.
Informed Source Separation: A Bayesian Tutorial
Knuth, Kevin H.
2005-01-01
Source separation problems are ubiquitous in the physical sciences; any situation where signals are superimposed calls for source separation to estimate the original signals. In h s tutorial I will discuss the Bayesian approach to the source separation problem. This approach has a specific advantage in that it requires the designer to explicitly describe the signal model in addition to any other information or assumptions that go into the problem description. This leads naturally to the idea of informed source separation, where the algorithm design incorporates relevant information about the specific problem. This approach promises to enable researchers to design their own high-quality algorithms that are specifically tailored to the problem at hand.
Recently Published Lectures and Tutorials for ATLAS
J. Herr
2006-01-01
As reported in the September 2004 ATLAS eNews, the Web Lecture Archive Project, a collaboration between the University of Michigan and CERN, has developed a synchronized system for recording and publishing educational multimedia presentations, using the Web as medium. The current system, including future developments for the project and the field in general, was recently presented at the CHEP 2006 conference in Mumbai, India. The relevant presentations and papers can be found here: The Web Lecture Archive Project A Web Lecture Capture System with Robotic Speaker Tracking This year, the University of Michigan team has been asked to record and publish all ATLAS Plenary sessions, as well as a large number of Physics and Computing tutorials. A significant amount of this material has already been published and can be accessed via the links below. All lectures can be viewed on any major platform with any common internet browser, either via streaming or local download (for limited bandwidth). Please enjoy the l...
Recently Published Lectures and Tutorials for ATLAS
Goldfarb, S.
2006-01-01
As reported in the September 2004 ATLAS eNews, the Web Lecture Archive Project, WLAP, a collaboration between the University of Michigan and CERN, has developed a synchronized system for recording and publishing educational multimedia presentations, using the Web as medium. The current system, including future developments for the project and the field in general, was recently presented at the CHEP 2006 conference in Mumbai, India. The relevant presentations and papers can be found here: The Web Lecture Archive Project. A Web Lecture Capture System with Robotic Speaker Tracking This year, the University of Michigan team has been asked to record and publish all ATLAS Plenary sessions, as well as a large number of Physics and Computing tutorials. A significant amount of this material has already been published and can be accessed via the links below. All lectures can be viewed on any major platform with any common internet browser, either via streaming or local download (for limited bandwidth). Please e...
Tutorial: Radiation Effects in Electronic Systems
Pellish, Jonathan A.
2017-01-01
This tutorial presentation will give an overview of radiation effects in electrical, electronic, and electromechanical (EEE) components as it applies to civilian space systems of varying size and complexity. The natural space environment presents many unique threats to electronic systems regardless of where the systems operate from low-Earth orbit to interplanetary space. The presentation will cover several topics, including: an overview and introduction to the applicable space radiation environments common to a broad range of mission designs; definitions and impacts of effects due to impinging particles in the space environment e.g., total ionizing dose (TID), total non-ionizing dose (TNID), and single-event effects (SEE); and, testing for and evaluation of TID, TNID, and SEE in EEE components.
A tutorial on Bayesian Normal linear regression
Klauenberg, Katy; Wübbeler, Gerd; Mickan, Bodo; Harris, Peter; Elster, Clemens
2015-12-01
Regression is a common task in metrology and often applied to calibrate instruments, evaluate inter-laboratory comparisons or determine fundamental constants, for example. Yet, a regression model cannot be uniquely formulated as a measurement function, and consequently the Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement (GUM) and its supplements are not applicable directly. Bayesian inference, however, is well suited to regression tasks, and has the advantage of accounting for additional a priori information, which typically robustifies analyses. Furthermore, it is anticipated that future revisions of the GUM shall also embrace the Bayesian view. Guidance on Bayesian inference for regression tasks is largely lacking in metrology. For linear regression models with Gaussian measurement errors this tutorial gives explicit guidance. Divided into three steps, the tutorial first illustrates how a priori knowledge, which is available from previous experiments, can be translated into prior distributions from a specific class. These prior distributions have the advantage of yielding analytical, closed form results, thus avoiding the need to apply numerical methods such as Markov Chain Monte Carlo. Secondly, formulas for the posterior results are given, explained and illustrated, and software implementations are provided. In the third step, Bayesian tools are used to assess the assumptions behind the suggested approach. These three steps (prior elicitation, posterior calculation, and robustness to prior uncertainty and model adequacy) are critical to Bayesian inference. The general guidance given here for Normal linear regression tasks is accompanied by a simple, but real-world, metrological example. The calibration of a flow device serves as a running example and illustrates the three steps. It is shown that prior knowledge from previous calibrations of the same sonic nozzle enables robust predictions even for extrapolations.
The MaxEnt extension of a quantum Gibbs family, convex geometry and geodesics
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Weis, Stephan [Max-Planck-Institute for Mathematics in the Sciences, Inselstraße 22, D-04103 Leipzig (Germany)
2015-01-13
We discuss methods to analyze a quantum Gibbs family in the ultra-cold regime where the norm closure of the Gibbs family fails due to discontinuities of the maximum-entropy inference. The current discussion of maximum-entropy inference and irreducible correlation in the area of quantum phase transitions is a major motivation for this research. We extend a representation of the irreducible correlation from finite temperatures to absolute zero.
Residuals and goodness-of-fit tests for stationary marked Gibbs point processes
2010-01-01
International audience; The inspection of residuals is a fundamental step to investigate the quality of adjustment of a parametric model to data. For spatial point processes, the concept of residuals has been recently proposed by Baddeley et al. (2005) as an empirical counterpart of the {\\it Campbell equilibrium} equation for marked Gibbs point processes. The present paper focuses on stationary marked Gibbs point processes and deals with asymptotic properties of residuals for such processes. ...
The MaxEnt extension of a quantum Gibbs family, convex geometry and geodesics
Weis, Stephan
2015-01-01
We discuss methods to analyze a quantum Gibbs family in the ultra-cold regime where the norm closure of the Gibbs family fails due to discontinuities of the maximum-entropy inference. The current discussion of maximum-entropy inference and irreducible correlation in the area of quantum phase transitions is a major motivation for this research. We extend a representation of the irreducible correlation from finite temperatures to absolute zero.
Boundary Conditions for Translation-Invariant Gibbs Measures of the Potts Model on Cayley Trees
Gandolfo, D.; Rahmatullaev, M. M.; Rozikov, U. A.
2017-06-01
We consider translation-invariant splitting Gibbs measures (TISGMs) for the q-state Potts model on a Cayley tree of order two. Recently a full description of the TISGMs was obtained, and it was shown in particular that at sufficiently low temperatures their number is 2q-1. In this paper for each TISGM μ we explicitly give the set of boundary conditions such that limiting Gibbs measures with respect to these boundary conditions coincide with μ.
Verotti Filho, C.; Costa, Glória Meyberg Nunes
1996-01-01
p. 351–355 Solubilities of several organic solids in four supercritical fluids are calculated with Soave and Peng-Robinson equations of state, incorporating excess Gibbs free energy into the mixing rules, with Heidemann-Kokal, Wong-Sandler and MHV2 procedures. Three excess Gibbs free energy models are used in the mixing rules: NRTL, UNiQUAC and UNIFAC. Furthermore, a comparison between these mixing rules and conventional two-binary-parameter form and modification of the excluded volume par...
Augmenting cognitive learning of community nutrition by tutorials.
Chaturvedi, S
1998-01-01
Community health interventions are increasingly being considered a priority area in medical curriculum. In the topic of nutrition, a situation analysis of final MBBS students in our institution revealed significantly lower levels of knowledge in community applications as compared to basics and clinical aspects, indicating the need for some educational intervention. An improvised tutorial was conducted to address this deficiency at cognitive level. The intervention was a special scheme of flow of discussion with a positive bias in favour of nutritional applications at community level. Half of the learners were given routine tutorial, as part of existing teaching schedule in nutrition and the remaining were subjected to educational intervention, to provide control and study groups respectively. Before and after assessment of the recall of learners on community applications demonstrated a positive impact of improvised tutorial. The learners' level of knowledge in two groups was comparable before the tutorial but it was significantly higher ('P' < 0.001) in study group as compared to control, after the tutorial (mean scores: 134.38/150 and 91.20/150 respectively). No extra resources, tutor time or student's learning hours were needed for the improvised tutorial. Tutor's positive bias in favour of applied aspects can bring about a desired change even in conventional teaching-learning process, without asking for extra resources. It can be a supplement to community-based learning.
Effectiveness of Tutorials for Introductory Physics in Argentinean high schools
Benegas, J.; Flores, J. Sirur
2014-06-01
This longitudinal study reports the results of a replication of Tutorials in Introductory Physics in high schools of a Latin-American country. The main objective of this study was to examine the suitability of Tutorials for local science education reform. Conceptual learning of simple resistive electric circuits was determined by the application of the single-response multiple-choice test "Determining and Interpreting Resistive Electric Circuits Concepts Test" (DIRECT) to high school classes taught with Tutorials and traditional instruction. The study included state and privately run schools of different socioeconomic profiles, without formal laboratory space and equipment, in classes of mixed-gender and female-only students, taught by novice and experienced instructors. Results systematically show that student learning is significantly higher in the Tutorials classes compared with traditional teaching for all of the studied conditions. The results also show that long-term learning (one year after instruction) in the Tutorials classes is highly satisfactory, very similar to the performance of the samples of college students used to develop the test DIRECT. On the contrary, students following traditional instruction returned one year after instruction to the poor performance (conceptual knowledge of basic physics recently determined by a systematic study of first-year students attending seven universities in Spain and four Latin-American countries. Some replication and adaptation problems and difficulties of this experience are noted, as well as recommendations for successful use of Tutorials in high schools of similar educational systems.
How experienced tutors facilitate tutorial dynamics in PBL groups.
Lee, Gin-Hong; Lin, Chaou-Shune; Lin, Yu-Hua
2013-01-01
Problem-based learning (PBL) tutorial are conducted in small groups, and successful learning in such groups requires good group facilitating skills. There is a lack of research on actual skills employed by tutors in facilitating the group dynamics. To explore the process of PBL tutorial small groups, focusing on the tutors' actual behavior in facilitating group dynamics. Eight experienced tutors from various departments in medical colleges participated in this research. Forty tutorial group sessions were videotaped. Among the 636 tutorial intervention episodes, 142 of them were associated with facilitating group dynamics. Tutors interventions as well as their recalls were transcribed verbatim. Qualitative research methods were utilized to analyze the data. There were 10 tutorial group dynamic situations and 48 tutorial skills. Analysis of the tutors' intentions employing these skills in the 10 situations showed that tutors were trying to achieve the following aims: (1) iteration of PBL principles, (2) delegation of responsibility to the students, (3) creation of a good discussion forum, and (4) the generation of a good learning atmosphere. Results from this study provide PBL tutors with a practical frame of reference on group dynamic facilitating skills and stimulate further research on this topic.
L'ajuda tutorial en els MOOCs: un nou enfocament en l'acció tutorial
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Rosario Medina-Salguero
2013-12-01
Full Text Available En el present treball s'expon un analisis de l'accio tutorial en una nova modalitat d'ensenyança-aprenentage, els MOOCS. Per a açò, hem portat a veta un estudi de material documental que permet reconstruir els acontenyiments que estan succeint en l'actualitat en els MOOCS. Els resultats mos indiquen com se configura esta nova tendencia d'aprenentage a nivell internacional i nacional i com s'establix l'ajuda pedagogica en els MOOCS.
TUTORIAL: Electrical resistance: an atomistic view
Datta, Supriyo
2004-07-01
This tutorial article presents a 'bottom-up' view of electrical resistance starting from something really small, like a molecule, and then discussing the issues that arise as we move to bigger conductors. Remarkably, no serious quantum mechanics is needed to understand electrical conduction through something really small, except for unusual things like the Kondo effect that are seen only for a special range of parameters. This article starts with energy level diagrams (section 2), shows that the broadening that accompanies coupling limits the conductance to a maximum of q2/h per level (sections 3, 4), describes how a change in the shape of the self-consistent potential profile can turn a symmetric current-voltage characteristic into a rectifying one (sections 5, 6), shows that many interesting effects in molecular electronics can be understood in terms of a simple model (section 7), introduces the non-equilibrium Green function (NEGF) formalism as a sophisticated version of this simple model with ordinary numbers replaced by appropriate matrices (section 8) and ends with a personal view of unsolved problems in the field of nanoscale electron transport (section 9). Appendix A discusses the Coulomb blockade regime of transport, while appendix B presents a formal derivation of the NEGF equations. MATLAB codes for numerical examples are listed in appendix C. (The appendices are available in the online version only.)
Low temperature plasma biomedicine: A tutorial reviewa)
Graves, David B.
2014-08-01
Gas discharge plasmas formed at atmospheric pressure and near room temperature have recently been shown to be potentially useful for surface and wound sterilization, antisepsis, bleeding cessation, wound healing, and cancer treatment, among other biomedical applications. This tutorial review summarizes the field, stressing the likely role of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species created in these plasmas as the biologically and therapeutically active agents. Reactive species, including radicals and non-radical compounds, are generated naturally within the body and are now understood to be essential for normal biological functions. These species are known to be active agents in existing therapies for wound healing, infection control, and cancer treatment. But they are also observed at elevated levels in persons with many diseases and are associated with aging. The physical and chemical complexity of plasma medical devices and their associated biochemical effects makes the development of safe, effective plasma medical devices and procedures a challenge, but encouragingly rapid progress has been reported around the world in the last several years.
Low temperature plasma biomedicine: A tutorial review
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Graves, David B., E-mail: graves@berkeley.edu [University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)
2014-08-15
Gas discharge plasmas formed at atmospheric pressure and near room temperature have recently been shown to be potentially useful for surface and wound sterilization, antisepsis, bleeding cessation, wound healing, and cancer treatment, among other biomedical applications. This tutorial review summarizes the field, stressing the likely role of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species created in these plasmas as the biologically and therapeutically active agents. Reactive species, including radicals and non-radical compounds, are generated naturally within the body and are now understood to be essential for normal biological functions. These species are known to be active agents in existing therapies for wound healing, infection control, and cancer treatment. But they are also observed at elevated levels in persons with many diseases and are associated with aging. The physical and chemical complexity of plasma medical devices and their associated biochemical effects makes the development of safe, effective plasma medical devices and procedures a challenge, but encouragingly rapid progress has been reported around the world in the last several years.
Mössbauer Spectroscopy Tutorial Book
Langouche, Guido
2013-01-01
Tutorials on Mössbauer Spectroscopy Since the discovery of the Mössbauer Effect many excellent books have been published for researchers and for doctoral and master level students. However, there appears to be no textbook available for final year bachelor students, nor for people working in industry who have received only basic courses in classical mechanics, electromagnetism, quantum mechanics, chemistry and materials science. The challenge of this book is to give an introduction to Mössbauer Spectroscopy for this level. The ultimate goal of this book is to give this audience not only a scientific introduction to the technique, but also to demonstrate in an attractive way the power of Mössbauer Spectroscopy in many fields of science, in order to create interest among the readers in joining the community of Mössbauer spectroscopists. This is particularly important at times where in many Mössbauer laboratories succession is at stake.
A Tutorial on Microwave Photonic Filters
Capmany, José; Ortega, Beatriz; Pastor, Daniel
2006-01-01
Microwave photonic filters are photonic subsystems designed with the aim of carrying equivalent tasks to those of an ordinary microwave filter within a radio frequency (RF) system or link, bringing supplementary advantages inherent to photonics such as low loss, high bandwidth, immunity to electromagnetic interference (EMI), tunability, and reconfigurability. There is an increasing interest in this subject since, on one hand, emerging broadband wireless access networks and standards spanning from universal mobile telecommunications system (UMTS) to fixed access picocellular networks and including wireless local area network (WLAN), World Interoperability for Microwave Access, Inc. (WIMAX), local multipoint distribution service (LMDS), etc., require an increase in capacity by reducing the coverage area. An enabling technology to obtain this objective is based on radio-over-fiber (RoF) systems where signal processing is carried at a central office to where signals are carried from inexpensive remote antenna units (RAUs). On the other hand, microwave photonic filters can find applications in specialized fields such as radar and photonic beamsteering of phased-arrayed antennas, where dynamical reconfiguration is an added value. This paper provides a tutorial introduction of this subject to the reader not working directly in the field but interested in getting an overall introduction of the subject and also to the researcher wishing to get a comprehensive background before working on the subject.
Ambient ionization mass spectrometry: A tutorial
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Huang, Min-Zong; Cheng, Sy-Chi; Cho, Yi-Tzu [Department of Chemistry, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan (China); Shiea, Jentaie, E-mail: jetea@fac.nsysu.edu.tw [Department of Chemistry, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan (China); Cancer Center, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan (China)
2011-09-19
Highlights: {yields} Ambient ionization technique allows the direct analysis of sample surfaces with little or no sample pretreatment. {yields} We sort ambient ionization techniques into three main analytical strategies, direct ionization, direct desorption/ionization, and two-step ionization. {yields} The underlying principles of operation, ionization processes, detecting mass ranges, sensitivity, and representative applications of these techniques are described and compared. - Abstract: Ambient ionization is a set of mass spectrometric ionization techniques performed under ambient conditions that allows the direct analysis of sample surfaces with little or no sample pretreatment. Using combinations of different types of sample introduction systems and ionization methods, several novel techniques have been developed over the last few years with many applications (e.g., food safety screening; detection of pharmaceuticals and drug abuse; monitoring of environmental pollutants; detection of explosives for antiterrorism and forensics; characterization of biological compounds for proteomics and metabolomics; molecular imaging analysis; and monitoring chemical and biochemical reactions). Electrospray ionization and atmospheric pressure chemical ionization are the two main ionization principles most commonly used in ambient ionization mass spectrometry. This tutorial paper provides a review of the publications related to ambient ionization techniques. We describe and compare the underlying principles of operation, ionization processes, detecting mass ranges, sensitivity, and representative applications of these techniques.
Mass spectrometry in food proteomics: a tutorial.
Cunsolo, Vincenzo; Muccilli, Vera; Saletti, Rosaria; Foti, Salvatore
2014-09-01
In the last decades, the continuous and rapid evolution of proteomic approaches has provided an efficient platform for the characterization of food-derived proteins. Particularly, the impressive increasing in performance and versatility of the MS instrumentation has contributed to the development of new analytical strategies for proteins, evidencing how MS arguably represents an indispensable tool in food proteomics. Investigation of protein composition in foodstuffs is helpful for understanding the relationship between the protein content and the nutritional and technological properties of foods, the production of methods for food traceability, the assessment of food quality and safety, including the detection of allergens and microbial contaminants in foods, or even the characterization of genetically modified products. Given the high variety of the food-derived proteins and considering their differences in chemical and physical properties, a single proteomic strategy for all purposes does not exist. Rather, proteomic approaches need to be adapted to each analytical problem, and development of new strategies is necessary in order to obtain always the best results. In this tutorial, the most relevant aspects of MS-based methodologies in food proteomics will be examined, and their advantages and drawbacks will be discussed.
MSTAR extended operating conditions: a tutorial
Keydel, Eric R.; Lee, Shung W.; Moore, John T.
1996-06-01
One key advantage of the model-based approach for automatic target recognition (ATR) is the wide range of targets and acquisition scenarios that can be accommodated without algorithm re-training. This accrues from the use of predictive models which can be adjusted to hypothesized scenarios on-line. Approaches which rely on measured signature exemplars as the source of reference data for signature matching are constrained to those scenarios represented in the reference data base. The moving and stationary target recognition (MSTAR) program will advance the state-of-the-art in model-based ATR by developing, evaluating, and testing algorithm performance against a set of extended operating conditions (EOCs) designed to reflect real-world battlefield scenarios. In addition to full 360 deg target aspect coverage over a range of depression angles, the EOCs include variations in squint angle, target articulation and configurations, obscuration due to occlusion and/or layover, and intra-class target variability. These conditions can have a profound impact on the nature of the target signature, necessitating the development of explicit prediction and reasoning algorithms to provide robust target recognition. This paper provides a tutorial description of the impact of the MSTAR EOCs on SAR target signatures. A brief background discussion of the SAR imaging process is presented first. This is followed by a description of the impact of each EOC category on the target signature along with synthetic imagery examples to illustrate this impact.
Recently Published Lectures and Tutorials for ATLAS
Herr, J.
2006-01-01
As reported in the September 2004 ATLAS eNews, the Web Lecture Archive Project, WLAP, a collaboration between the University of Michigan and CERN, has developed a synchronized system for recording and publishing educational multimedia presentations, using the Web as medium. This year, the University of Michigan team has been asked to record and publish all ATLAS Plenary sessions, as well as a large number of Physics and Computing tutorials. A significant amount of this material has already been published and can be accessed via the links below. The WLAP model is spreading. This summer, the CERN's High School Teachers program has used WLAP's system to record several physics lectures directed toward a broad audience. And a new project called MScribe, which is essentially the WLAP system coupled with an infrared tracking camera, is being used by the University of Michigan to record several University courses this academic year. All lectures can be viewed on any major platform with any common internet browser...
Pan-STARRS 1 observations of the unusual active Centaur P/2011 S1(Gibbs)
Lin, H W; Lacerda, P; Ip, W H; Holman, M; Protopapas, P; Chen, W P; Burgett, W S; Chambers, K C; Flewelling, H; Huber, M E; Jedicke, R; Kaiser, N; Magnier, E A; Metcalfe, N; Price, P A
2014-01-01
P/2011 S1 (Gibbs) is an outer solar system comet or active Centaur with a similar orbit to that of the famous 29P/Schwassmann-Wachmann 1. P/2011 S1 (Gibbs) has been observed by the Pan-STARRS 1 (PS1) sky survey from 2010 to 2012. The resulting data allow us to perform multi-color studies of the nucleus and coma of the comet. Analysis of PS1 images reveals that P/2011 S1 (Gibbs) has a small nucleus $< 4$ km radius, with colors $g_{P1}-r_{P1} = 0.5 \\pm 0.02$, $r_{P1}-i_{P1} = 0.12 \\pm 0.02$ and $i_{P1}-z_{P1} = 0.46 \\pm 0.03$. The comet remained active from 2010 to 2012, with a model-dependent mass-loss rate of $\\sim100$ kg s$^{-1}$. The mass-loss rate per unit surface area of P/2011 S1 (Gibbs) is as high as that of 29P/Schwassmann-Wachmann 1, making it one of the most active Centaurs. The mass-loss rate also varies with time from $\\sim 40$ kg s$^{-1}$ to 150 kg s$^{-1}$. Due to its rather circular orbit, we propose that P/2011 S1 (Gibbs) has 29P/Schwassmann-Wachmann 1-like outbursts that control the outgass...
The standard map: From Boltzmann-Gibbs statistics to Tsallis statistics.
Tirnakli, Ugur; Borges, Ernesto P
2016-03-23
As well known, Boltzmann-Gibbs statistics is the correct way of thermostatistically approaching ergodic systems. On the other hand, nontrivial ergodicity breakdown and strong correlations typically drag the system into out-of-equilibrium states where Boltzmann-Gibbs statistics fails. For a wide class of such systems, it has been shown in recent years that the correct approach is to use Tsallis statistics instead. Here we show how the dynamics of the paradigmatic conservative (area-preserving) stan-dard map exhibits, in an exceptionally clear manner, the crossing from one statistics to the other. Our results unambiguously illustrate the domains of validity of both Boltzmann-Gibbs and Tsallis statistical distributions. Since various important physical systems from particle confinement in magnetic traps to autoionization of molecular Rydberg states, through particle dynamics in accelerators and comet dynamics, can be reduced to the standard map, our results are expected to enlighten and enable an improved interpretation of diverse experimental and observational results.
The osmotic second virial coefficient and the Gibbs-McMillan-Mayer framework
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Mollerup, J.M.; Breil, Martin Peter
2009-01-01
. The independent variables of the solvents are temperature, pressure, and chemical potentials. The derivatives in the Gibbs-McMillan-Mayer framework are transformed into derivatives in the Gibbs framework. This offers the possibility for an interpretation and correlation of the osmotic second virial coefficient......The osmotic second virial coefficient is a key parameter in light scattering, protein crystallisation. self-interaction chromatography, and osmometry. The interpretation of the osmotic second virial coefficient depends on the set of independent variables. This commonly includes the independent...... variables associated with the Kirkwood-Buff, the McMillan-Mayer, and the Lewis-Randall solution theories. In this paper we analyse the osmotic second virial coefficient using a Gibbs-McMillan-Mayer framework which is similar to the McMillan-Mayer framework with the exception that pressure rather than volume...
A Reaction Method for Estimating Gibbs Energy and Enthalpy of Formation of Complex Minerals
Li, Ruibing; Zhang, Tingan; Liu, Yan; Kuang, Shibo
2017-04-01
New and updated thermodynamic data for simple binary compounds are readily available from both experimental measurements and theoretical calculations. Based on these available data, an approach is proposed to predict Gibbs energies and enthalpies of formation for complex minerals of metallurgical, chemical, and other industrial importance. The approach assumes that complex minerals are formed from binary composite oxides, which in turn, are formed from individual pure oxides. The validity of this approach is examined by comparing the calculated values of Gibbs energies and enthalpies against the experimentally measured ones reported in literature. The results show that for typical complex minerals with available experimental data, the calculated results exhibit an average residual of 0.51 pct for Gibbs energies and 0.52 pct for enthalpies, compared to the experimental results. This new approach thus correlates well with experimental approaches and can be applied to most of the complex minerals.
Stepančič, Ziva
2014-10-01
Finding short patterns with residue variation in a set of sequences is still an open problem in genetics, since motif-finding techniques on DNA and protein sequences are inconclusive on real data sets and their performance varies on different species. Hence, finding new algorithms and evolving established methods are vital to further understanding of genome properties and the mechanisms of protein development. In this work, we present an approach to finding functional motifs in DNA sequences in connection to Gibbs sampling method. Starting points in the search space are partly determined via graphical representation of input sequences opposed to completely random initial points with the standard Gibbs sampling. Our algorithm is evaluated on synthetic as well as on real data sets by using several statistics, such as sensitivity, positive predictive value, specificity, performance, and correlation coefficient. Additionally, a comparison between our algorithm and the basic standard Gibbs sampling algorithm is made to show improvement in accuracy, repeatability, and performance.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
张贞; 郭源
2012-01-01
Langmuir monolayer and Gibbs layer exhibit surface-active properties and it can be used as simple model systems to investigate the physicochemical properties of biological membranes. In this report, we presented the OH stretching vibration of H2O in the 4＂-n-pentyl-4-cyano-p-terphenyl （5CT）, nonadecanenitrile （C18CN） Langmuir monolayer and compared them with CH3CN Gibbs layer at the air/water interface with polarization SFG-VS. This study demonstrated that the hydrogen bond network is different in the Langmuir monolayer of 5CT, C18CN from CH3CN Gibbs layer at the air/water interface which showed two different water structures on the different surface layer. The results provided a deeper insight into understanding the hydrogen bond on the interfaces.
Tuck, Adrian F
2017-08-24
There is no widely agreed definition of entropy, and consequently Gibbs energy, in open systems far from equilibrium. One recent approach has sought to formulate an entropy and Gibbs energy based on observed scale invariances in geophysical variables, particularly in atmospheric quantities, including the molecules constituting stratospheric chemistry. The Hamiltonian flux dynamics of energy in macroscopic open nonequilibrium systems maps to energy in equilibrium statistical thermodynamics, and corresponding equivalences of scale invariant variables with other relevant statistical mechanical variables such as entropy, Gibbs energy, and 1/(kBoltzmannT), are not just formally analogous but are also mappings. Three proof-of-concept representative examples from available adequate stratospheric chemistry observations-temperature, wind speed and ozone-are calculated, with the aim of applying these mappings and equivalences. Potential applications of the approach to scale invariant observations from the literature, involving scales from molecular through laboratory to astronomical, are considered. Theoretical support for the approach from the literature is discussed.
A tutorial on the principles of harmonic intonation for trombonists
Keener, Michael Kenneth
A Tutorial on the Principles of Harmonic Intonation for Trombonists includes a manual containing background information, explanations of the principles of harmonic intonation, and printed musical examples for use in learning and practicing the concepts of harmonic intonation. An audio compact disk containing music files corresponding to the printed music completes the set. This tutorial is designed to allow performing musicians and students to practice intonation skills with the pitch-controlled music on the compact disc. The music on the CD was recorded in movable-comma just intonation, replicating performance parameters of wind, string, and vocal ensembles. The compact disc includes sixty tracks of ear-training exercises and interval studies with which to practice intonation perception and adjustment. Tuning notes and examples of equal-tempered intervals and just intervals are included on the CD. The intonation exercises consist of musical major scales, duets, trios, and quartet phrases to be referenced while playing the printed music. The CD tracks allow the performer to play scales in unison (or practice other harmonic intervals) or the missing part of the corresponding duet, trio, or quartet exercise. Instructions in the manual guide the user through a process that can help prepare musicians for more accurate musical ensemble performance. The contextual essay that accompanies the tutorial includes a description of the tutorial, a review of related literature, methodology of construction of the tutorial, evaluations and outcomes, conclusions and recommendations for further research, and a selected bibliography.
Community Earth System Model (CESM) Tutorial 2016 Final Report
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lamarque, Jean-Francois [Univ. Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR) and National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) and Climate and Global Dynamics Laboratory (CGD), Boulder, CO (United States)
2017-05-09
For the 2016 tutorial, NCAR/CGD requested a total budget of $70,000 split equally between DOE and NSF. The funds were used to support student participation (travel, lodging, per diem, etc.). Lectures and practical session support was primarily provided by local participants at no additional cost (see list below). The seventh annual Community Earth System Model (CESM) tutorial (2016) for students and early career scientists was held 8 – 12 August 2016. As has been the case over the last few years, this event was extremely successful and there was greater demand than could be met. There was continued interest in support of the NSF’s EaSM Infrastructure awards, to train these awardees in the application of the CESM. Based on suggestions from previous tutorial participants, the 2016 tutorial experience again provided direct connection to Yellowstone for each individual participant (rather than pairs), and used the NCAR Mesa Library. The 2016 tutorial included lectures on simulating the climate system and practical sessions on running CESM, modifying components, and analyzing data. These were targeted to the graduate student level. In addition, specific talks (“Application” talks) were introduced this year to provide participants with some in-depth knowledge of some specific aspects of CESM.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
沈丽; 魏利滨; 宋中庆; 王卫东
2007-01-01
无机化学教材中,多处提到Gibbs-Helmholtz方程的近似形式,文章就如何掌握好问题的广度和深度,讲清近似估算和精确计算的差距以及合理近似的条件问题进行分析.
Evaluating Internet Health Information: A Tutorial from the National Library of Medicine
... page: https://medlineplus.gov/webeval/webeval.html Evaluating Internet Health Information: A Tutorial from the National Library ... version of the tutorial for use when no Internet connection is available. Read the transcript of the ...
Understanding Medical Words: A Tutorial from the National Library of Medicine
... page: https://medlineplus.gov/medicalwords.html Understanding Medical Words: A Tutorial from the National Library of Medicine ... enable JavaScript. This tutorial teaches you about medical words. You'll learn about how to put together ...
Hayata, Tomoya; Hongo, Masaru; Noumi, Toshifumi
2015-01-01
We derive relativistic hydrodynamics from quantum field theories by assuming that the density operator is given by a local Gibbs distribution at initial time. We decompose the energy-momentum tensor and particle current into nondissipative and dissipative parts, and analyze their time-evolution in detail. Performing the path-integral formulation of the local Gibbs distribution, we microscopically derive the generating functional for the nondissipative hydrodynamics. We also construct a basis to study dissipative corrections. In particular, we derive the first-order dissipative hydrodynamic equations without choice of frame such as the Landau-Lifshitz or Eckart frame.
Tutorial on Atomic Oxygen Effects and Contamination
Miller, Sharon K.
2017-01-01
Atomic oxygen is the most predominant specie in low Earth orbit (LEO) and is contained in the upper atmosphere of many other planetary bodies. Formed by photo-dissociation of molecular oxygen, it is highly reactive and energetic enough to break chemical bonds on the surface of many materials and react with them to form either stable or volatile oxides. The extent of the damage for spacecraft depends a lot on how much atomic oxygen arrives at the surface, the energy of the atoms, and the reactivity of the material that is exposed to it. Oxide formation can result in shrinkage, cracking, or erosion which can also result in changes in optical, thermal, or mechanical properties of the materials exposed. The extent of the reaction can be affected by mechanical loading, temperature, and other environmental components such as ultraviolet radiation or charged particles. Atomic oxygen generally causes a surface reaction, but it can scatter under coatings and into crevices causing oxidation much farther into a spacecraft surface or structure than would be expected. Contamination can also affect system performance. Contamination is generally caused by arrival of volatile species that condense on spacecraft surfaces. The volatiles are typically a result of outgassing of materials that are on the spacecraft. Once the volatiles are condensed on a surface, they can then be fixed on the surface by ultraviolet radiation andor atomic oxygen reaction to form stable surface contaminants that can change optical and thermal properties of materials in power systems, thermal systems, and sensors. This tutorial discusses atomic oxygen erosion and contaminate formation, and the effect they have on typical spacecraft materials. Scattering of atomic oxygen, some effects of combined environments and examples of effects of atomic oxygen and contamination on spacecraft systems and components will also be presented.
The GOCE User Toolbox (GUT) and Tutorial
Bingham, R. J.; Benveniste, J.; Knudsen, P.
2015-12-01
The GOCE User Toolbox (GUT) is an integrated suite of tools for the analysis and use of GOCE Level 2 gravity products. GUT supports applications in geodesy, oceanography and solid earth physics. The accompanying GUT tutorial provides information and guidance on how to use the toolbox for a variety of applications within each of these domains. An important motivation for the development of GUT has been the desire that users should be able to exploit the GOCE gravity products to calculate derived products relevant to their particular domains without necessarily needing to understand the technicalities of particular geodetic concepts and algorithms. As such, GUT is also suitable for use as an aid to the teaching of geophysics. A comprehensive and up-to-date set of a-priori data and models are supplied with the toolbox, together with a range of pre-defined workflows, allowing the user to immediately calculate useful geophysical quantities. The toolbox is supported by The GUT Algorithm Description and User Guide and The GUT Install Guide. GUT is cross-platform and may be used on Windows PCs, UNIX/Linux workstations and Macs. GUT version 2.2 was released in April 2014 and, besides some bug-fixes, the capability to calculate the simple Bouguer anomaly was added. Recently, GUT version 3 has been released. Through a collaborative effort between the relevant scientific communities, this version has built on earlier releases by further extending the functionality of the toolbox within the fields of geodesy, oceanography and solid earth physics. Additions include the ability to work directly with gravity gradients, anisotropic diffusive filtering, and the computation of Bouguer and isostatic gravity anomalies. The interface between the user and the toolbox has also been greatly improved and GUT version 3 now includes an attractive and intuitive Graphical User Interface. An associated GUT VCM tool for analysing the GOCE variance covariance matrices is also available.
The Web Lecture Archive Project: Archiving ATLAS Presentations and Tutorials
Herr, J
2004-01-01
The geographical diversity of the ATLAS Collaboration presents constant challenges in the communication between and training of its members. One important example is the need for training of new collaboration members and/or current members on new developments. The Web Lecture Archive Project (WLAP), a joint project between the University of Michigan and CERN Technical Training, has addressed this challenge by recording ATLAS tutorials in the form of streamed "Web Lectures," consisting of synchronized audio, video and high-resolution slides, available on demand to anyone in the world with a Web browser. ATLAS software tutorials recorded by WLAP include ATHENA, ATLANTIS, Monte Carlo event generators, Object Oriented Analysis and Design, GEANT4, and Physics EDM and tools. All ATLAS talks, including both tutorials and meetings are available at http://www.wlap.org/browser.php?ID=atlas. Members of the University of Michigan Physics Department and Media Union, under the framework of the ATLAS Collaboratory Project ...
Pedagogical Considerations in Developing an Online Tutorial in Information Literacy.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Therese Skagen
2009-04-01
Full Text Available The article discusses the pedagogical background on which the design of the online tutorial Søk & Skriv ('Search and Write' is based. The tutorial Søk & Skriv is specially designed for distance learning students, but can also be used by students on campus. Søk & Skriv aims at increasing students' information and digital literacy with the ultimate goal of empowering them to gradually become legitimate members of the academic community, as well as lifelong learners. Further, the tutorial sets out to make a contribution to the pedagogical development of user education at the academic library. The article shows how a general didactical model, namely the didactical relationship model (Hiim & Hippe, 1998, has been applied to enrich information literacy education practice, and in this case specifically, to enrich the design of online education.
New series of ORACLE tutorials, March-June 2006
Catherine Delamare
2006-01-01
The IT DES Oracle Support team is pleased to announce the new series of Oracle tutorials with the proposed schedule: Thursday 20 April - SQL I - Eva Dafonte Perez Thursday 27 April - SQL II - Lucia Moreno Lopez Thursday 4 May - Architecture - Montse Collados Thursday 11 May - Tuning - Michal Kwiatek Thursday 1 June - PL/SQL I - Eva Dafonte Perez Thursday 8 June - PL/SQL II - Nilo Segura Thursday 15 June - Oracle Tools and Bindings with languages - Eric Grancher, Nilo Segura These tutorials will take place in the IT Auditorium (bldg. 31/3-004) starting at 10:00. The average duration will be 1 hour plus time for questions. There is no need to register in advance. You can access the previous 2002-2003 sessions at http://it-des.web.cern.ch/IT-DES/DIS/oracle/tutorials.html If you need more information, please contact Catherine.Delamare@cern.ch
New series of Oracle tutorials, May-June 2006
2006-01-01
The IT DES Oracle Support team is pleased to announce the new series of Oracle tutorials with the proposed schedule: Thursday 11 May Tuning - Michal Kwiatek Thursday 1 June PL/SQL I - Eva Dafonte Perez Thursday 8 June PL/SQL II - Nilo Segura Thursday 15 June Oracle Tools and Bindings with languages - Eric Grancher, Nilo Segura These tutorials will take place in the IT Auditorium (bldg. 31/3-004) starting at 10:00. The average duration will be 1 hour plus time for questions. There is no need to register in advance. You can access the previous 2002-2003 sessions at http://it-des.web.cern.ch/IT-DES/DIS/oracle/tutorials.html If you need more information, please contact Catherine.Delamare@cern.ch
New series of ORACLE tutorials, March-June 2006
Catherine Delamare
2006-01-01
The IT DES Oracle Support team is pleased to announce the new series of Oracle tutorials with the proposed schedule: Thursday 30 March - Design - Arash Khodabandeh Thursday 20 April - SQL I - Eva Dafonte Perez Thursday 27 April - SQL II - Lucia Moreno Lopez Thursday 4 May - Architecture - Montse Collados Thursday 11 May - Tuning - Michal Kwiatek Thursday 1 June - PL/SQL I - Eva Dafonte Perez Thursday 8 June - PL/SQL II - Nilo Segura Thursday 15 June - Oracle Tools and Bindings with languages - Eric Grancher, Nilo Segura These tutorials will take place in the IT Auditorium (bldg. 31/3-004) starting at 10:00. The average duration will be 1 hour plus time for questions. There is no need to register in advance. You can access the previous 2002-2003 sessions at http://it-des.web.cern.ch/IT-DES/DIS/oracle/tutorials.html If you need more information, please contact Catherine.Delamare@cern.ch
O'Sullivan, Timothy P.; Hargaden, Gra´inne C.
2014-01-01
This article describes the development and implementation of an open-access organic chemistry question bank for online tutorials and assessments at University College Cork and Dublin Institute of Technology. SOCOT (structure-based organic chemistry online tutorials) may be used to supplement traditional small-group tutorials, thereby allowing…
An Undergraduate Science Information Literacy Tutorial in a Web 2.0 World
Scaramozzino, Jeanine Marie
2008-01-01
The development of an interactive web-based science information literacy tutorial that introduces undergraduate science majors to basic components of scientific literature is described. The tutorial introduces concepts, vocabulary and resources necessary for understanding and accessing information. The tutorial content is based on the Association…
Sharma, Manjula D.; Mendez, Alberto; O'Byrne, John W.
2005-01-01
The School of Physics at the University of Sydney has introduced voluntary workshop tutorials in large first-year courses. The tutorials are based on informal cooperative groupings with structured worksheets and short hands-on activities. In this study we explore the relationship between attendance at the workshop tutorials and student performance…
O'Sullivan, Timothy P.; Hargaden, Gra´inne C.
2014-01-01
This article describes the development and implementation of an open-access organic chemistry question bank for online tutorials and assessments at University College Cork and Dublin Institute of Technology. SOCOT (structure-based organic chemistry online tutorials) may be used to supplement traditional small-group tutorials, thereby allowing…
A Study of the Feasibility of Network Tutorial System in Taiwan
Chiu, Jui-Man; Liu, Wei-Liang
2008-01-01
The reasons that the current tutorial system (CTS) does not produce significant effects include the budgets and policies of schools, the greater independence of students, and the infrequent interaction of tutors with students. To reduce the deficiencies of the current tutorial system, this paper proposes a network tutorial system (NTS) and…
Creating online tutorials a practical guide for librarians
Gascho Rempel, Hannah
2015-01-01
Today’s students rely heavily on using electronic resources; they expect to be able to access library resources from any location and at any time of the day. More and more schools, from K-12 through graduate level universities, are offering online education, and libraries must be prepared to guide learners in how to use library resources when and where they are needed. Online tutorials are the library’s answer to providing this immediate instruction, and today’s learners are expecting to have these guides available. Many librarians don’t have the technical expertise needed to create online tutorials.
Solidaridad en la relación tutorial
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Arturo G Rillo
Full Text Available Introducción. La tutoría académica concreta el proceso educativo sustentado en estándares de calidad, características y necesidades de aprendizaje del estudiante; se desenvuelve confrontando actividades pedagógicas y consolida solidaridades. En este contexto, el estudio se realizó con el propósito de realizar la analítica de la solidaridad que surge de la relación tutorial. Método. Desde el ámbito de la hermenéutica, se realizó un estudio en cuatro fases: analítica, comprensiva, reconstructiva, crítica. Se construyó el concepto de solidaridad en la relación tutorial con propuestas de Gadamer, Habermas, Adela Cortina y Edgar Morín. Las categorías de análisis fueron: construcción social del sentido en la relación tutorial, relación tutorial de naturaleza epistémica, compleja, infinita y cambiante; y práctica tutorial generadora de solidaridades. Resultados. La solidaridad como praxis humana orientada al cuidado del otro (Fürsorge promueve el encuentro con el estudiante. La tutoría académica regula la experiencia vital de la dualidad enseñar-aprender; articula la decisión del docente y alumno con la responsabilidad solidaria. El docente concreta un asentimiento aconsejado por la amistad de estar-ahí-con el estudiante, acompañándolo, posibilitando elecciones y decisiones entre posibilidades para una vida sustentable mediante la virtud de la phrónesis. Conclusiones. La solidaridad en la relación tutorial como horizonte de sentido engarza la cosmovisión del binomio docente-estudiante en la relación tutorial. Dado el vínculo social, se ubica en el escenario de la relación tutorial el sentido originario de la amistad y la solidaridad con los siguientes baremos: compasión, saber hacer, confidencialidad, confianza, conciencia de sí mismo y del otro, tacto, escucha atenta y solícita, comprensión del otro.
Estimation of Gibbs Free Energy of Formation of Sialon （O‘—and X—Phases
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
WENHongjine; LIWenchao
1999-01-01
Based on introducing the quasi-parabolid rule,which indicates the relation of Gibbs free energy of formation of compounds and its compostitions,the Gibbs free energes of formation of Sialons (O'-and X-phases) were estimated.
Analysis of Convergence Rates of Some Gibbs Samplers on Continuous State Spaces
Smith, Aaron
2011-01-01
We use a non-Markovian coupling and small modi?cations of techniques from the theory of ?nite Markov chains to analyze some Markov chains on continuous state spaces. The ?rst is a Gibbs sampler on narrow contingency tables, the second a gen- eralization of a sampler introduced by Randall and Winkler.
ESTIMATION OF GIBBS FREE-ENERGIES OF FORMATION FOR POLYCHLORINATED-BIPHENYLS
HOLMES, DA; HARRISON, BK; DOLFING, J
1993-01-01
Gibbs free energies of formation for gas, subcooled liquid, and aqueous solution phases were estimated for all 209 polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners at 298.15 K and 100 000 Pa. A literature search was conducted to locate experimental data or predicted data for PCBs. Where other data were not
Modelling Distributed Shape Priors by Gibbs Random Fields of Second Order
Flach, Boris
2011-01-01
We analyse the potential of Gibbs Random Fields for shape prior modelling. We show that the expressive power of second order GRFs is already sufficient to express simple shapes and spatial relations between them simultaneously. This allows to model and recognise complex shapes as spatial compositions of simpler parts.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
王凤雨
1995-01-01
Let (M, g) be a compact Riemannian manifold with boundary M. By using Dobrushin’suniqueness condition and estimates of the first Neumann eigenvalue, some uniqueness conditions of Gibbs statefor stochastic Ising models with spin space MZd are obtained. Moreover, the L2-convergence of diffusion stochastic Ising models is also studied.
Improved prediction of MHC class I and class II epitopes using a novel Gibbs sampling approach
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Nielsen, Morten; Lundegaard, Claus; Worning, Peder;
2004-01-01
to the MHC class II complex HLA-DR4(B1*0401). Prior identification of information-rich (anchor) positions in the binding motif is shown to improve the predictive performance of the Gibbs sampler. Similarly, a consensus solution obtained from an ensemble average over suboptimal solutions is shown...
A note on Bayesian logistic regression for spatial exponential family Gibbs point processes
Rajala, Tuomas
2014-01-01
Recently, a very attractive logistic regression inference method for exponential family Gibbs spatial point processes was introduced. We combined it with the technique of quadratic tangential variational approximation and derived a new Bayesian technique for analysing spatial point patterns. The technique is described in detail, and demonstrated on numerical examples.
Experimental Pragmatics and What Is Said: A Response to Gibbs and Moise.
Nicolle, Steve; Clark, Billy
1999-01-01
Attempted replication of Gibbs and Moise (1997) experiments regarding the recognition of a distinction between what is said and what is implicated. Results showed that, under certain conditions, subject selected implicatures when asked to select the paraphrase best reflecting what a speaker has said. Suggests that results can be explained with the…
A Manifold of Pure Gibbs States of the Ising Model on the Lobachevsky Plane
Gandolfo, Daniel; Ruiz, Jean; Shlosman, Senya
2015-02-01
In this paper we construct many `new' Gibbs states of the Ising model on the Lobachevsky plane, the millefeuilles. Unlike the usual states on the integer lattices, our foliated states have infinitely many interfaces. The interfaces are rigid and fill the Lobachevsky plane with positive density. We also construct analogous states on the Cayley trees.
Electrochemical determination of Gibbs free energy of formation of magnesium ferrite
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Ling Wang; Huizhu Zhou; Yanruo Hong; Girish M Kale
2007-01-01
The standard Gibbs free energy of formation of magnesium ferrite was determined by means of two types of solid state electrochemical cells: one using MgZr4(PO4)6 (MZP) as the solid electrolyte and the other using CaF2 as the solid electrolyte. The first cell was operated in the range of 950 to 1100 K. The second cell was operated in the range of 1125 to 1200 K. The reversibility of the cell EMFs was confirmed by microcoulometric titration. The Gibbs energy changes of magnesium ferrite relative to component oxides were calculated based on EMF measurements and are given by following expressions, respectively: △G(o)Ⅰ = -3579-15 T (J/mol) and △G(o)Ⅱ =6258-24.3 T (J/mol). The results obtained from two different cells are consistent with each other. The results also are in agreement with Rao's and Tretjakov's data in the measured temperature range. When the Gibbs free energies of formation of MgO and Fe2O3 were substituted in the reaction, the Gibbs free energies of formation of MgFe2O4 was obtained in two temperature ranges and the formations are shown as follows: △G(o)Ⅰ Formation = -1427394+360.5 T (J/mol) and △G(o)Ⅱ Formation = -1417557+351.2 T (J/mol).
Gibbs Properties of the Fuzzy Potts Model on Trees and in Mean Field
Häggström, O.; Külske, C.
2004-01-01
We study Gibbs properties of the fuzzy Potts model in the mean field case (i.e. on a complete graph) and on trees. For the mean field case, a complete characterization of the set of temperatures for which non-Gibbsianness happens is given. The results for trees are somewhat less explicit, but we do
Estimates of Gibbs free energies of formation of chlorinated aliphatic compounds
Dolfing, Jan; Janssen, Dick B.
1994-01-01
The Gibbs free energy of formation of chlorinated aliphatic compounds was estimated with Mavrovouniotis' group contribution method. The group contribution of chlorine was estimated from the scarce data available on chlorinated aliphatics in the literature, and found to vary somewhat according to the
Experimental Determination of Third Derivative of the Gibbs Free Energy, G II
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Koga, Yoshikata; Westh, Peter; Inaba, Akira
2010-01-01
We have been evaluating third derivative quantities of the Gibbs free energy, G, by graphically differentiating the second derivatives that are accessible experimentally, and demonstrated their power in elucidating the mixing schemes in aqueous solutions. Here we determine directly one of the third...
On the Practice of Bayesian Inference in Basic Economic Time Series Models using Gibbs Sampling
M.D. de Pooter (Michiel); R. Segers (René); H.K. van Dijk (Herman)
2006-01-01
textabstractSeveral lessons learned from a Bayesian analysis of basic economic time series models by means of the Gibbs sampling algorithm are presented. Models include the Cochrane-Orcutt model for serial correlation, the Koyck distributed lag model, the Unit Root model, the Instrumental Variables
Rolling element bearing diagnostics—A tutorial
Randall, Robert B.; Antoni, Jérôme
2011-02-01
This tutorial is intended to guide the reader in the diagnostic analysis of acceleration signals from rolling element bearings, in particular in the presence of strong masking signals from other machine components such as gears. Rather than being a review of all the current literature on bearing diagnostics, its purpose is to explain the background for a very powerful procedure which is successful in the majority of cases. The latter contention is illustrated by the application to a number of very different case histories, from very low speed to very high speed machines. The specific characteristics of rolling element bearing signals are explained in great detail, in particular the fact that they are not periodic, but stochastic, a fact which allows them to be separated from deterministic signals such as from gears. They can be modelled as cyclostationary for some purposes, but are in fact not strictly cyclostationary (at least for localised defects) so the term pseudo-cyclostationary has been coined. An appendix on cyclostationarity is included. A number of techniques are described for the separation, of which the discrete/random separation (DRS) method is usually most efficient. This sometimes requires the effects of small speed fluctuations to be removed in advance, which can be achieved by order tracking, and so this topic is also amplified in an appendix. Signals from localised faults in bearings are impulsive, at least at the source, so techniques are described to identify the frequency bands in which this impulsivity is most marked, using spectral kurtosis. For very high speed bearings, the impulse responses elicited by the sharp impacts in the bearings may have a comparable length to their separation, and the minimum entropy deconvolution technique may be found useful to remove the smearing effects of the (unknown) transmission path. The final diagnosis is based on "envelope analysis" of the optimally filtered signal, but despite the fact that this
Pan-STARRS 1 observations of the unusual active Centaur P/2011 S1(Gibbs)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lin, H. W.; Ip, W. H.; Chen, W. P. [Institute of Astronomy, National Central University, Taoyuan 32001, Taiwan (China); Chen, Y. T. [Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, P.O. Box 23-141, Taipei 106, Taiwan (China); Lacerda, P. [Astrophysics Research Centre, School of Mathematics and Physics, Queens University Belfast, Belfast BT7 1NN (United Kingdom); Holman, M.; Protopapas, P. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Burgett, W. S.; Chambers, K. C.; Flewelling, H.; Huber, M. E.; Jedicke, R.; Kaiser, N.; Magnier, E. A.; Metcalfe, N. [Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States); Price, P. A., E-mail: edlin@gm.astro.ncu.edu.tw [Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States)
2014-05-01
P/2011 S1 (Gibbs) is an outer solar system comet or active Centaur with a similar orbit to that of the famous 29P/Schwassmann-Wachmann 1. P/2011 S1 (Gibbs) has been observed by the Pan-STARRS 1 (PS1) sky survey from 2010 to 2012. The resulting data allow us to perform multi-color studies of the nucleus and coma of the comet. Analysis of PS1 images reveals that P/2011 S1 (Gibbs) has a small nucleus <4 km radius, with colors g {sub P1} – r {sub P1} = 0.5 ± 0.02, r {sub P1} – i {sub P1} = 0.12 ± 0.02, and i {sub P1} – z {sub P1} = 0.46 ± 0.03. The comet remained active from 2010 to 2012, with a model-dependent mass-loss rate of ∼100 kg s{sup –1}. The mass-loss rate per unit surface area of P/2011 S1 (Gibbs) is as high as that of 29P/Schwassmann-Wachmann 1, making it one of the most active Centaurs. The mass-loss rate also varies with time from ∼40 kg s{sup –1} to 150 kg s{sup –1}. Due to its rather circular orbit, we propose that P/2011 S1 (Gibbs) has 29P/Schwassmann-Wachmann 1-like outbursts that control the outgassing rate. The results indicate that it may have a similar surface composition to that of 29P/Schwassmann-Wachmann 1. Our numerical simulations show that the future orbital evolution of P/2011 S1 (Gibbs) is more similar to that of the main population of Centaurs than to that of 29P/Schwassmann-Wachmann 1. The results also demonstrate that P/2011 S1 (Gibbs) is dynamically unstable and can only remain near its current orbit for roughly a thousand years.
Scanning sequences after Gibbs sampling to find multiple occurrences of functional elements
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Landsman David
2006-09-01
Full Text Available Abstract Background Many DNA regulatory elements occur as multiple instances within a target promoter. Gibbs sampling programs for finding DNA regulatory elements de novo can be prohibitively slow in locating all instances of such an element in a sequence set. Results We describe an improvement to the A-GLAM computer program, which predicts regulatory elements within DNA sequences with Gibbs sampling. The improvement adds an optional "scanning step" after Gibbs sampling. Gibbs sampling produces a position specific scoring matrix (PSSM. The new scanning step resembles an iterative PSI-BLAST search based on the PSSM. First, it assigns an "individual score" to each subsequence of appropriate length within the input sequences using the initial PSSM. Second, it computes an E-value from each individual score, to assess the agreement between the corresponding subsequence and the PSSM. Third, it permits subsequences with E-values falling below a threshold to contribute to the underlying PSSM, which is then updated using the Bayesian calculus. A-GLAM iterates its scanning step to convergence, at which point no new subsequences contribute to the PSSM. After convergence, A-GLAM reports predicted regulatory elements within each sequence in order of increasing E-values, so users have a statistical evaluation of the predicted elements in a convenient presentation. Thus, although the Gibbs sampling step in A-GLAM finds at most one regulatory element per input sequence, the scanning step can now rapidly locate further instances of the element in each sequence. Conclusion Datasets from experiments determining the binding sites of transcription factors were used to evaluate the improvement to A-GLAM. Typically, the datasets included several sequences containing multiple instances of a regulatory motif. The improvements to A-GLAM permitted it to predict the multiple instances.
Puibasset, Joël
2005-04-01
The effect of confinement on phase behavior of simple fluids is still an area of intensive research. In between experiment and theory, molecular simulation is a powerful tool to study the effect of confinement in realistic porous materials, containing some disorder. Previous simulation works aiming at establishing the phase diagram of a confined Lennard-Jones-type fluid, concentrated on simple pore geometries (slits or cylinders). The development of the Gibbs ensemble Monte Carlo technique by Panagiotopoulos [Mol. Phys. 61, 813 (1987)], greatly favored the study of such simple geometries for two reasons. First, the technique is very efficient to calculate the phase diagram, since each run (at a given temperature) converges directly to an equilibrium between a gaslike and a liquidlike phase. Second, due to volume exchange procedure between the two phases, at least one invariant direction of space is required for applicability of this method, which is the case for slits or cylinders. Generally, the introduction of some disorder in such simple pores breaks the initial invariance in one of the space directions and prevents to work in the Gibbs ensemble. The simulation techniques for such disordered systems are numerous (grand canonical Monte Carlo, molecular dynamics, histogram reweighting, N-P-T+test method, Gibbs-Duhem integration procedure, etc.). However, the Gibbs ensemble technique, which gives directly the coexistence between phases, was never generalized to such systems. In this work, we focus on two weakly disordered pores for which a modified Gibbs ensemble Monte Carlo technique can be applied. One of the pores is geometrically undulated, whereas the second is cylindrical but presents a chemical variation which gives rise to a modulation of the wall potential. In the first case almost no change in the phase diagram is observed, whereas in the second strong modifications are reported.
weighting of items in a tutorial performance evaluation
African Journals Online (AJOL)
2009-05-21
May 21, 2009 ... learning performance, including their performance in tutorial groups. ... small group interaction, reasoning and autonomy (Niemenin, Saure ... role is to foster cooperation, stimulate thinking, promote enquiry and ... These processes require the individual learner to possess or, in the longer term, to develop a ...
Application developer's tutorial for the CSM testbed architecture
Underwood, Phillip; Felippa, Carlos A.
1988-01-01
This tutorial serves as an illustration of the use of the programmer interface on the CSM Testbed Architecture (NICE). It presents a complete, but simple, introduction to using both the GAL-DBM (Global Access Library-Database Manager) and CLIP (Command Language Interface Program) to write a NICE processor. Familiarity with the CSM Testbed architecture is required.
Online Tutorials and Effective Information Literacy Instruction for Distance Learners
Gonzales, Brighid M.
2014-01-01
As Internet and computer technologies have evolved, libraries have incorporated these technologies into the delivery of information literacy instruction. Of particular benefit is the ability of online tutorials to deliver information literacy instruction to students not physically present on campus. A survey of library and information science…
Tutorial: Calculating Percentile Rank and Percentile Norms Using SPSS
Baumgartner, Ted A.
2009-01-01
Practitioners can benefit from using norms, but they often have to develop their own percentile rank and percentile norms. This article is a tutorial on how to quickly and easily calculate percentile rank and percentile norms using SPSS, and this information is presented for a data set. Some issues in calculating percentile rank and percentile…
Acquaintanceship, Familiarity, and Coordinated Laughter in Writing Tutorials
Thonus, Terese
2008-01-01
This study compared the frequency, structure, and purposes of laughter in writing tutorials between 46 acquainted and unacquainted tutor-student pairs. Of particular interest were instances of shared, or coordinated laughter, which took the form of sequenced, simultaneous, and extended laughter. Familiarity, viewed as a continuum, was also…
Initiation of student-TA interactions in tutorials
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Raymond A. Hodges
2006-12-01
Full Text Available At the University of Maryland we videotaped several semesters of tutorials as part of a large research project. A particular research task required us to locate examples of students calling the teaching assistants (TAs over for assistance with a physics question. To our surprise, examples of this kind of interaction were difficult to find. We undertook a systematic study of TA-student interactions in tutorial: In particular, how are the interactions initiated? Do the students call the TA over for help with a particular issue, does the TA stop by spontaneously, or does the worksheet require a discussion with the TA at that point? The initiation of the interaction is of particular interest because it provides evidence of the motivation for and purpose of the interaction. This paper presents the results of that systematic investigation. We discovered that the majority of student-TA interactions in tutorial are initiated by teaching assistants, confirmed our initial observation that relatively few interactions are initiated by students, and found, further, that even fewer interactions are worksheet initiated. Perhaps most importantly, we found that our sense of who initiates tutorial interactions—based on extensive but informal observations—is not necessarily accurate. We need systematic investigations to uncover the reality of our classroom experiences.
Tutorials in Nanotechnology: Focus on Physical and Analytical Electrochemistry
2010-11-29
Society in Vienna Austria on the 5th of October 2009. This symposium was part of a continuing series of symposia at Electrochemical Society meetings that...The symposium Tutorials in Nanotechnology: Focus on Physical and Analytical Electrochemistry was held at the 216th Meeting of the Electrochemical
Innovations in Co-Ordinating Undergraduate Students' Oral Tutorial Presentations
Harman, Kristyn E.
2010-01-01
Individual oral tutorial presentations have been utilised in numerous undergraduate courses to develop and assess students' skills in organising and communicating ideas and information to a select audience. However, evidence from the literature, interviews with academics (n=5), and the author's own experiences have demonstrated that these…
LHC@home online tutorial for Windows users - recording
CERN. Geneva
2016-01-01
A step-by-step online tutorial about LHC@home for Windows users by Karolina Bozek. It contains detailed instructions on how-to-join this volunteer computing project. This 5' video is linked from http://lhcathome.web.cern.ch/join-us Also from the CDS e-learning category.
LHC@home online tutorial for Linux users - recording
CERN. Geneva
2016-01-01
A step-by-step online tutorial for LHC@home by Karolina Bozek It contains detailed instructions for Linux users on how-to-join this volunteer computing project. This 5' linked from http://lhcathome.web.cern.ch/join-us CLICK Here to see the commands to copy/paste for installing BOINC and the VirtualBox.
pyro: Python-based tutorial for computational methods for hydrodynamics
Zingale, Michael
2015-07-01
pyro is a simple python-based tutorial on computational methods for hydrodynamics. It includes 2-d solvers for advection, compressible, incompressible, and low Mach number hydrodynamics, diffusion, and multigrid. It is written with ease of understanding in mind. An extensive set of notes that is part of the Open Astrophysics Bookshelf project provides details of the algorithms.
Tutorial: Calculating Percentile Rank and Percentile Norms Using SPSS
Baumgartner, Ted A.
2009-01-01
Practitioners can benefit from using norms, but they often have to develop their own percentile rank and percentile norms. This article is a tutorial on how to quickly and easily calculate percentile rank and percentile norms using SPSS, and this information is presented for a data set. Some issues in calculating percentile rank and percentile…
An interactive tutorial-based training technique for vertebral morphometry.
Gardner, J C; von Ingersleben, G; Heyano, S L; Chesnut, C H
2001-01-01
The purpose of this work was to develop a computer-based procedure for training technologists in vertebral morphometry. The utility of the resulting interactive, tutorial based training method was evaluated in this study. The training program was composed of four steps: (1) review of an online tutorial, (2) review of analyzed spine images, (3) practice in fiducial point placement and (4) testing. During testing, vertebral heights were measured from digital, lateral spine images containing osteoporotic fractures. Inter-observer measurement precision was compared between research technicians, and between technologists and radiologist. The technologists participating in this study had no prior experience in vertebral morphometry. Following completion of the online training program, good inter-observer measurement precision was seen between technologists, showing mean coefficients of variation of 2.33% for anterior, 2.87% for central and 2.65% for posterior vertebral heights. Comparisons between the technicians and radiologist ranged from 2.19% to 3.18%. Slightly better precision values were seen with height measurements compared with height ratios, and with unfractured compared with fractured vertebral bodies. The findings of this study indicate that self-directed, tutorial-based training for spine image analyses is effective, resulting in good inter-observer measurement precision. The interactive tutorial-based approach provides standardized training methods and assures consistency of instructional technique over time.
Musculoskeletal ultrasound education: orthopaedic resident ability following a multimedia tutorial.
Piposar, Jonathan R; Easley, Mark; Nunley, James A; DeOrio, James K; Talusan, Paul G; Gubler, Kyle E; Reach, John S
2015-01-01
Musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSK-US) is a quick and effective imaging tool that can be utilized by orthopaedic surgeons to identify common musculoskeletal pathology such as ankle tendinopathy. This study evaluated the ability of 15 orthopaedic surgery residents to identify and measure ankle tendons after attending a multimedia tutorial on MSK-US. Afterwards, proficiency of usage was assessed by identification and quantification of three ankle tendons (Achilles, tibialis posterior, and flexor hallucis longus) in a cadaver limb. Resident comfort level and plan for future use were also assessed. After completing the tutorial, accuracy measuring the Achilles, tibialis posterior, and flexor hallucis longus tendons was 94.8%, 90.2%, and 90.1%, respectively. Resident comfort level improved from a level of 2.3 before the tutorial to 6.8 afterwards. Seventy-one percent of residents plan to use ultrasound in clinical practice. These results show that orthopaedic surgery residents can identify and assess tendon size via MSK-US with sufficient accuracy after a multimedia tutorial.
The Effectiveness of Interactivity in Multimedia Software Tutorials
Whitman, Lisa
2013-01-01
Many people face the challenge of finding effective computer-based software instruction, including employees who must learn how to use software applications for their job and students of distance education classes. Therefore, it is important to conduct research on how computer-based multimedia software tutorials should be designed so they are as…
Proposal for tutorial: Resilience in carrier Ethernet transport
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Berger, Michael Stübert; Wessing, Henrik; Ruepp, Sarah Renée
2009-01-01
This tutorial addresses how Carrier Ethernet technologies can be used in the transport network to provide resilience to the packet layer. Carrier Ethernet networks based on PBB-TE and T-MPLS/MPLS-TP are strong candidates for reliable transport of triple-play services. These technologies offer...
Interactive Web-based tutorials for teaching digital electronics
Bailey, Donald G.
2000-10-01
With a wide range of student abilities in a class, it is difficult to effectively teach and stimulate all students. A series of web based tutorials was designed to help weaker students and stretch the stronger students. The tutorials consist of a series of HTML web pages with embedded Java applets. This combination is particularly powerful for providing interactive demonstrations because any textual content may be easily provided within the web page. The applet is able to be a compete working program that dynamically illustrates the concept, or provides a working environment for the student to experiment and work through their solution. The applet is dynamic, and responds to the student through both mouse clicks and keyboard entry. These allow the student to adjust parameters, make selections, and affect the way the program is run or information is displayed. Such interaction allows each applet to provide a mini demonstration or experiment to help the student understand a particular concept or technique. The approach taken is illustrated with a tutorial that dynamically shows the relationships between a truth table, Karnaugh amp, logic circuit and Boolean algebra representations of a logic function, and dramatically illustrates the effect of minimization on the resultant circuit. Use of the tutorial has resulted in significant benefits, particularly with weaker students.
Auto-Tutorial Instruction in Entomology: Principles of Entomology (Orders).
Minnick, D. R.; Steele, K. L.
Auto-tutorial instruction was compared to traditional lecture instruction in a university entomology course. In seven consecutive terms, undergraduate students enrolled in an introductory entomology course were divided into two groups: Group I received only lecture instruction on insect orders, while Group II was dismissed for three consecutive…
Position paper: Web tutorials and Information Literacy research
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hyldegård, Jette
2011-01-01
Position paper on future research challenges regarding web tutorials with the aim of supporting and facilitating Information Literacy in an academic context. Presented and discussed at the workshop: Social media & Information Practices, track on Information literacy practices, University of Borås...
Peer Discussions in Lecture-Based Tutorials in Introductory Physics
Leinonen, Risto; Asikainen, Mervi A.; Hirvonen, Pekka E.
2017-01-01
This study analyzes the types of peer discussion that occur during lecture-based tutorial sessions. It focuses in particular on whether discussions of this kind have certain characteristics that might indicate success in the post-testing phase. The data were collected during an introductory physics course. The main data set was gathered with the…
Tutorial on nonlinear backstepping: Applications to ship control
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Thor I. Fossen
1999-04-01
Full Text Available The theoretical foundation of nonlinear backstepping designs is presented in a tutorial setting. This includes a brief review of integral backstepping, extensions to SISO and MIMO systems in strict feedback form and physical motivated case studies. Parallels and differences to feedback linearization where it is shown how so-called "good nonlincarities" can be exploited in the design are also made.
A Study of Sustainable Assessment Theory in Higher Education Tutorials
Beck, Robert J.; Skinner, William F.; Schwabrow, Lynsey A.
2013-01-01
A study of sustainable assessment theory in nine tutorial courses at four colleges demonstrated that three long-term learning outcomes improved: Independence, Intellectual Maturity and Creativity. Eight of 10 traits associated with these outcomes were validated through internal reliability, faculty and student rubrics, and faculty case studies…
Identity and Knowledge Work in a University Tutorial
Krieg, Susan
2010-01-01
In the contemporary university the large classes associated with many core units mean that tutorials are often taken by many part-time sessional who are typically employed on a casual basis, paid an hourly rate and not paid to attend the lectures. Given this situation, unit coordinators are often responsible for another phase in curriculum…
Position paper: Web tutorials and Information Literacy research
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hyldegård, Jette
2011-01-01
Position paper on future research challenges regarding web tutorials with the aim of supporting and facilitating Information Literacy in an academic context. Presented and discussed at the workshop: Social media & Information Practices, track on Information literacy practices, University of Borås...
Partnerships and Parents--Relationships in Tutorial Programmes
Layton, Delia; McKenna, Sioux
2016-01-01
The tutorial system is considered to be a useful pedagogical intervention to improve student retention, particularly in the context of a first-year student's experience of entering university. For these novice students to achieve academic success, it is important that they are given access to the subject-specific knowledge and practices in their…
Software engineering techniques in design automation: a tutorial
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Smith, R.J. II
1977-04-18
Several useful software engineering techniques, disciplines, and perspectives are related to typical software development problems in design automation. Specific examples from recent experience illustrate both beneficial and undesirable practices. Oriented toward managers and practicing software engineers, the tutorial discusses system structure, control and data structures, programing guidelines, work habits, testing, documentation, and operational maintenance. 10 figures.
Best Practices for Creating an Online Tutorial: A Literature Review
Blummer, Barbara A.; Kritskaya, Olga
2009-01-01
In the digital era, information literacy skills enable users to locate and use online materials effectively. One persistent library service for libraries is providing skills training to students. This article traces the creation of online library instructional tutorials, currently referred to as digital learning objects, in academic libraries. It…
Key Elements of the Tutorial Support Management Model
Lynch, Grace; Paasuke, Philip
2011-01-01
In response to an exponential growth in enrolments the "Tutorial Support Management" (TSM) model has been adopted by Open Universities Australia (OUA) after a two-year project on the provision of online tutor support in first year, online undergraduate units. The essential focus of the TSM model was the development of a systemic approach…
Benefits from Taking a Private Tutorial Course for Exam Preparation?
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
la Cour, Lisbeth; Milhøj, Anders
In this paper we analyze the effects of taking an extra private tutorial course on the passing probability and the grade in a course in Macroeconomics at the Business Diploma study program at Copenhagen Business School. The topic is of interest as the students are not supposed to need such an ext...
Benefits from Taking a Private Tutorial Course for Exam Preparation?
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
la Cour, Lisbeth; Milhøj, Anders
2015-01-01
We analyze the effects of taking an extra private tutorial course on the passing probability and the grade in a course in Macroeconomics at the Business Diploma study program at Copenhagen Business School. The topic is of interest as the students are not supposed to need such an extra course in o...
Gibbs energies of formation of the intermetallic compounds of U-Sn system
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Pattanaik, Ashit K.; Kandan, R. [Fuel Chemistry Group, Chemistry Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam 603102, Tamilnadu (India); Nagarajan, K., E-mail: knag@igcar.gov.in [Fuel Chemistry Group, Chemistry Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam 603102, Tamilnadu (India); Vasudeva Rao, P.R. [Fuel Chemistry Group, Chemistry Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam 603102, Tamilnadu (India)
2013-02-25
Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Gibbs energies of formation of the intermetallic compounds, USn{sub 3}, U{sub 3}Sn{sub 7}, USn{sub 2} and USn were determined by using high temperature molten salt galvanic cell electromotive force method. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The Gibbs energies of formation of USn{sub 3}, U{sub 3}Sn{sub 7}, USn{sub 2} and USn with respect to {alpha}-U and liquid Sn, in the temperature range 682-905 K were determined to be -172.8 + 0.061 T, -527.8 + 0.200 T, -174.9 + 0.073 T and -176.9 + 0.064 T kJ mol{sup -1}, respectively. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Gibbs energy formation of the U{sub 3}Sn{sub 7}, USn{sub 2} and USn are being reported for the first time. - Abstract: Gibbs energies of formation of the intermetallic compounds, USn{sub 3}, U{sub 3}Sn{sub 7}, USn{sub 2}, and USn were determined by using high temperature molten salt galvanic cells: U(s)//UCl{sub 3} in LiCl-KCl (eutectic)//U-Sn alloy, where pure uranium was used as one of the electrodes and a two phase alloy of uranium and tin as the other. The two phase alloys used in cells I, II, III and IV as the electrodes were Left-Pointing-Angle-Bracket USn{sub 3} Right-Pointing-Angle-Bracket + {l_brace}Sn{r_brace}, Left-Pointing-Angle-Bracket U{sub 3}Sn{sub 7} + USn{sub 3} Right-Pointing-Angle-Bracket , Left-Pointing-Angle-Bracket USn{sub 2} + U{sub 3}Sn{sub 7} Right-Pointing-Angle-Bracket and Left-Pointing-Angle-Bracket USn + USn{sub 2} Right-Pointing-Angle-Bracket , respectively. The Gibbs energies of formation ({Delta}{sub f}G{sup 0}) of USn{sub 3}, U{sub 3}Sn{sub 7}, USn{sub 2} and USn with respect to {alpha}-U and liquid Sn, in the temperature range 682-905 K, were determined to be given by (table) The Gibbs energy of formation for U{sub 3}Sn{sub 7}, USn{sub 2} and USn have been obtained for the first time.
Calculation of electric field effects on the Gibbs free energy of the Al-Li-Mg alloy
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2007-01-01
Based on the Thomas-Fermi model the calculation methods of the monatomic Gibbs free energy were found.The interior potential boundary condition under electric field was defined. The calculation methods of Gibbs free energy for the monatomic, compound, and solid solution with electric field were set up. Under the influence of electric field, the Gibbs free energy of A1 is the most sensitive, followed by those of Li and Mg. At the solution temperature the Gibbs free energies of Al3Li and its elements under electric field are not symmetrical about the zero point of electric field, whereas at the aging temperature their values are symmetrical about the zero point of electric field. At the solution temperature near the zero point of electric field, the Gibbs free energy of Al3Li is higher than that of Al-2.14%Li. And at 460 K the Gibbs free energy of A13Li is lower than that of Al-2.14wt.%Li under electric field. The Gibbs free energy of 1420 alloy decreases from both sides of electric field to the zero point at the aging temperature.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Márcia M. C. Ferreira
1999-09-01
Full Text Available The aim of this work is to present a tutorial on Multivariate Calibration, a tool which is nowadays necessary in basically most laboratories but very often misused. The basic concepts of preprocessing, principal component analysis (PCA, principal component regression (PCR and partial least squares (PLS are given. The two basic steps on any calibration procedure: model building and validation are fully discussed. The concepts of cross validation (to determine the number of factors to be used in the model, leverage and studentized residuals (to detect outliers for the validation step are given. The whole calibration procedure is illustrated using spectra recorded for ternary mixtures of 2,4,6 trinitrophenolate, 2,4 dinitrophenolate and 2,5 dinitrophenolate followed by the concentration prediction of these three chemical species during a diffusion experiment through a hydrophobic liquid membrane. MATLAB software is used for numerical calculations. Most of the commands for the analysis are provided in order to allow a non-specialist to follow step by step the analysis.
A MultiScale Gibbs-Helmholtz Constrained Cubic Equation of State
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Angelo Lucia
2010-01-01
Full Text Available This paper presents a radically new approach to cubic equations of state (EOS in which the Gibbs-Helmholtz equation is used to constrain the attraction or energy parameter, a. The resulting expressions for (, for pure components and (,, for mixtures contain internal energy departure functions and completely avoid the need to use empirical expressions like the Soave alpha function. Our approach also provides a novel and thermodynamically rigorous mixing rule for (,,. When the internal energy departure function is computed using Monte Carlo or molecular dynamics simulations as a function of current bulk phase conditions, the resulting EOS is a multiscale equation of state. The proposed new Gibbs-Helmholtz constrained (GHC cubic equation of state is used to predict liquid densities at high pressure and validated using experimental data from literature. Numerical results clearly show that the GHC EOS provides fast and accurate computation of liquid densities at high pressure, which are needed in the determination of gas hydrate equilibria.
The Gibbs-free-energy landscape for the solute association in nanoconfined aqueous solutions
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
赵亮; 王春雷; 方海平; 涂育松
2015-01-01
The theoretical model and the numerical analyses on the Gibbs-free-energy of the association states of am-phiphilic molecules in nanoconfined aqueous solutions are presented in detail. We exhibit the continuous change of the Gibbs-free-energy trend, which plays a critical role in the association states of the system transforming from the dispersion state, through the “reversible state”, and finally to the aggregation state in amphiphilic molecule solutions. Furthermore, for the“reversible state”, we present the difference in the free-energy bar-rier heights of the dispersion state and aggregation state, resulting from the competition between the entropy, which makes the solute molecules evenly disperse in the solution and the energy contribution driving the am-phiphilic molecules to aggregate into a larger cluster. These findings provide a comprehensive understanding of confinement effects on the solute association processes in aqueous solutions and may further improve the techniques of material fabrication.
Elimination of Gibbs and Nyquist-Shannon Phenomena in 3D Image Reconstruction
Martišek, Dalibor
2016-06-01
Fracture surfaces are often modelled by Fourier two-dimensional (2D) series that can be converted into digital 3D reliefs mapping the morphology of solid surfaces. Such digital replicas may suffer from various artifacts when processed inappropriately. The Gibbs phenomenon and spatial aliasing are two of those artifacts that may devalue Fourier replicas. The Gibbs phenomenon involves the fact that Fourier sums overshoot at a jump discontinuity, and that this overshoot does not die out as the frequency increases. According to the Nyquist-Shannon sampling theorem spatial aliasing occurs when Fourier frequencies exceed the Nyquist critical frequency. In this paper it is shown how we can fully eliminate these unpleasant effects.
Simultaneous alignment and clustering of peptide data using a Gibbs sampling approach
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Andreatta, Massimo; Lund, Ole; Nielsen, Morten
2013-01-01
peptide datasets, however, is a complex task, especially when the data contain multiple receptor binding motifs, and/or the motifs are found at different locations within distinct peptides.Results: The algorithm presented in this article, based on Gibbs sampling, identifies multiple specificities...... in peptide data by performing two essential tasks simultaneously: alignment and clustering of peptide data. We apply the method to de-convolute binding motifs in a panel of peptide datasets with different degrees of complexity spanning from the simplest case of pre-aligned fixed-length peptides to cases...... of unaligned peptide datasets of variable length. Example applications described in this article include mixtures of binders to different MHC class I and class II alleles, distinct classes of ligands for SH3 domains and sub-specificities of the HLA-A*02:01 molecule.Availability: The Gibbs clustering method...
The Gibbs Thomson effect in magnetron-sputtered austenitic stainless steel films
Cusenza, S.; Borchers, C.; Carpene, E.; Schaaf, P.
2007-03-01
Magnetron sputtering of austenitic stainless steel AISI 316, which has a face-centred cubic structure (γ), leads to films exhibiting a body-centred cubic (α) structure or a mixture of α- and γ-phases. The microstructure of the deposited films was studied by Mössbauer spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. With increasing deposition temperature a phase transformation from α- to γ-phase was observed in these films. Instantaneous recording of the electromotive force shows that nickel content and deposition temperature are crucial factors for phase stability and phase formation. In room temperature deposited stainless steel films, the phase transformation after vacuum annealing can be described by the Johnson-Mehl-Avrami kinetic model. These phase transformations in stainless steel films during annealing can be explained with the Gibbs-Thomson effect, where the grain boundary energy raises the Gibbs free energy.
The Gibbs-Thomson effect in magnetron-sputtered austenitic stainless steel films
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Cusenza, S [Universitaet Goettingen, II Physikalisches Institut, Friedrich-Hund-Platz 1, 37077 Goettingen (Germany); Borchers, C [Universitaet Goettingen, II Physikalisches Institut, Friedrich-Hund-Platz 1, 37077 Goettingen (Germany); Carpene, E [Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Fisica, Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32, 20133 Milan (Italy); Schaaf, P [Universitaet Goettingen, II Physikalisches Institut, Friedrich-Hund-Platz 1, 37077 Goettingen (Germany)
2007-03-14
Magnetron sputtering of austenitic stainless steel AISI 316, which has a face-centred cubic structure ({gamma}), leads to films exhibiting a body-centred cubic ({alpha}) structure or a mixture of {alpha}- and {gamma}-phases. The microstructure of the deposited films was studied by Moessbauer spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. With increasing deposition temperature a phase transformation from {alpha}- to {gamma}-phase was observed in these films. Instantaneous recording of the electromotive force shows that nickel content and deposition temperature are crucial factors for phase stability and phase formation. In room temperature deposited stainless steel films, the phase transformation after vacuum annealing can be described by the Johnson-Mehl-Avrami kinetic model. These phase transformations in stainless steel films during annealing can be explained with the Gibbs-Thomson effect, where the grain boundary energy raises the Gibbs free energy.
Gibbs-Ringing Artifact Removal Based on Local Subvoxel-shifts
Kellner, Elias; Reisert, Marco
2015-01-01
Gibbs-ringing is a well known artifact which manifests itself as spurious oscillations in the vicinity of sharp image transients, e.g. at tissue boundaries. The origin can be seen in the truncation of k-space during MRI data-acquisition. Consequently, correction techniques like Gegenbauer reconstruction or extrapolation methods aim at recovering these missing data. Here, we present a simple and robust method which exploits a different view on the Gibbs-phenomena. The truncation in k-space can be interpreted as a convolution with a sinc-function in image space. Hence, the severity of the artifacts depends on how the sinc-function is sampled. We propose to re-interpolate the image based on local, subvoxel shifts to sample the ringing pattern at the zero-crossings of the oscillating sinc-function. With this, the artifact can effectively and robustly be removed with a minimal amount of smoothing.
Bergeron, H.; Curado, E. M. F.; Gazeau, J. P.; Rodrigues, Ligia M. C. S.
2016-02-01
Asymptotic behavior (with respect to the number of trials) of symmetric generalizations of binomial distributions and their related entropies is studied through three examples. The first one has the q-exponential as the generating function, the second one involves the modified Abel polynomials, and the third one has Hermite polynomials. We prove analytically that the Rényi entropy is extensive for these three cases, i.e., it is proportional (asymptotically) to the number n of events and that q-exponential and Hermite cases have also extensive Boltzmann-Gibbs. The Abel case is exceptional in the sense that its Boltzmann-Gibbs entropy is not extensive and behaves asymptotically as the square root of n. This result is obtained numerically and also confirmed analytically, under reasonable assumptions, by using a regularization of the beta function and its derivative. Probabilistic urn and genetic models are presented for illustrating this remarkable case.
Boltzmann-Gibbs Distribution of Fortune and Broken Time-Reversible Symmetry in Econodynamics
Ao, P
2005-01-01
Within the description of stochastic differential equations it is argued that the existence of Boltzmann-Gibbs type distribution in economy is independent of the time reversal symmetry in econodynamics. Both power law and exponential distributions can be accommodated by it. The demonstration is based on a mathematical structure discovered during a study in gene regulatory network dynamics. Further possible analogy between equilibrium economy and thermodynamics is explored.
Entropy Calculation of Reversible Mixing of Ideal Gases Shows Absence of Gibbs Paradox
Oleg Borodiouk; Vasili Tatarin
1999-01-01
Abstract: We consider the work of reversible mixing of ideal gases using a real process. Now assumptions were made concerning infinite shifts, infinite number of cycles and infinite work to provide an accurate calculation of entropy resulting from reversible mixing of ideal gases. We derived an equation showing the dependence of this entropy on the difference in potential of mixed gases, which is evidence for the absence of Gibbs' paradox.
Entropy Calculation of Reversible Mixing of Ideal Gases Shows Absence of Gibbs Paradox
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Oleg Borodiouk
1999-05-01
Full Text Available Abstract: We consider the work of reversible mixing of ideal gases using a real process. Now assumptions were made concerning infinite shifts, infinite number of cycles and infinite work to provide an accurate calculation of entropy resulting from reversible mixing of ideal gases. We derived an equation showing the dependence of this entropy on the difference in potential of mixed gases, which is evidence for the absence of Gibbs' paradox.
Feynman-Kac-type theorems and Gibbs measures on path space
Lörinczi, József; Betz, Volker
2018-01-01
This is the second updated and extended edition of the successful book on Feynman-Kac Theory. It offers a state-of-the-art mathematical account of functional integration methods in the context of self-adjoint operators and semigroups using the concepts and tools of modern stochastic analysis. Thefirst volume concentrates on Feynman-Kac-type formulae and Gibbs measures. In the second volume, these ideas are applied principally to a rigorous treatment of some fundamental models of quantum field theory.
Using New Approaches to obtain Gibbs Measures of Vannimenus model on a Cayley tree
2015-01-01
In this paper, we consider Vannimenus model with competing nearest-neighbors and prolonged next-nearest-neighbors interactions on a Cayley tree. For this model we define Markov random fields with memory of length 2. By using a new approach, we obtain new sets of Gibbs measures of Ising-Vannimenus model on Cayley tree of order 2. We construct the recurrence equations corresponding Ising-Vannimenus model. We prove the Kolmogorov consistency condition. We investigate the translation-invariant an...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hansen, Thomas Mejer; Mosegaard, Klaus; Cordua, Knud Skou
2010-01-01
Markov chain Monte Carlo methods such as the Gibbs sampler and the Metropolis algorithm can be used to sample the solutions to non-linear inverse problems. In principle these methods allow incorporation of arbitrarily complex a priori information, but current methods allow only relatively simple...... this algorithm with the Metropolis algorithm to obtain an efficient method for sampling posterior probability densities for nonlinear inverse problems....
Gibbs-Thomson Effect in Planar Nanowires: Orientation and Doping Modulated Growth
Shen, Y; Chen, R.; Yu, X.; Wang, Q.; Jungjohann, KL; Dayeh, SA; Wu, T.
2016-01-01
Epitaxy-enabled bottom-up synthesis of self-assembled planar nanowires via the vapor-liquid-solid mechanism is an emerging and promising approach toward large-scale direct integration of nanowire-based devices without postgrowth alignment. Here, by examining large assemblies of indium tin oxide nanowires on yttria-stabilized zirconia substrate, we demonstrate for the first time that the growth dynamics of planar nanowires follows a modified version of the Gibbs-Thomson mechanism, which has be...
Direct measurements of the Gibbs free energy of OH using a CW tunable laser
Killinger, D. K.; Wang, C. C.
1979-01-01
The paper describes an absorption measurement for determining the Gibbs free energy of OH generated in a mixture of water and oxygen vapor. These measurements afford a direct verification of the accuracy of thermochemical data of H2O at high temperatures and pressures. The results indicate that values for the heat capacity of H2O obtained through numerical computations are correct within an experimental uncertainty of 0.15 cal/mole K.
W. L. Silva; Ribeiro,J. C. T.; E. F.da Costa Jr; A. O. S.da Costa
2008-01-01
The reduction efficiency is an important variable during the black liquor burning process in the Kraft recovery boiler. This variable value is obtained by slow experimental routines and the delay of this measure disturbs the pulp and paper industry customary control. This paper describes an optimization approach for the reduction efficiency determination in the furnace bottom of the recovery boiler based on the minimization of the Gibbs free energy. The industrial data used in this study were...
Inverse problems with non-trivial priors: efficient solution through sequential Gibbs sampling
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hansen, Thomas Mejer; Cordua, Knud Skou; Mosegaard, Klaus
2012-01-01
Markov chain Monte Carlo methods such as the Gibbs sampler and the Metropolis algorithm can be used to sample solutions to non-linear inverse problems. In principle, these methods allow incorporation of prior information of arbitrary complexity. If an analytical closed form description of the pri...... also reduce the computation time for the inversion dramatically. The method works for any statistical model for which sequential simulation can be used to generate realizations. This applies to most algorithms developed in the geostatistical community.......Markov chain Monte Carlo methods such as the Gibbs sampler and the Metropolis algorithm can be used to sample solutions to non-linear inverse problems. In principle, these methods allow incorporation of prior information of arbitrary complexity. If an analytical closed form description of the prior...... for applying the sequential Gibbs sampler and illustrate how it works. Through two case studies, we demonstrate the application of the method to a linear image restoration problem and to a non-linear cross-borehole inversion problem. We demonstrate how prior information can reduce the complexity of an inverse...
Discovery of a young asteroid cluster associated with P/2012~F5 (Gibbs)
Novakovic, Bojan; Cellino, Alberto; Micheli, Marco; Pedani, Marco
2014-01-01
We present the results of our search for a dynamical family around the active asteroid P/2012F5 (Gibbs). By applying the hierarchical clustering method, we discover an extremely compact 9-body cluster associated with P/2012F5. The statistical significance of this newly discovered Gibbs cluster is estimated to be >99.9%, strongly suggesting that its members share a common origin. The cluster is located in a dynamically cold region of the outer main-belt at a proper semi-major axis of about 3.005 AU, and all members are found to be dynamically stable over very long time-scales. Backward numerical orbital integrations show that the age of the cluster is only 1.5 $\\pm$ 0.1 Myr. Taxonomic classifications are unavailable for most of the cluster members, but SDSS spectrophotometry available for two cluster members indicate that both appear to be $Q$-type objects. We also estimate a lower limit of the size of the parent body to be about 10 km, and find that the impact event which produced the Gibbs cluster is interme...
A Gibbs sampler for Bayesian analysis of site-occupancy data
Dorazio, Robert M.; Rodriguez, Daniel Taylor
2012-01-01
1. A Bayesian analysis of site-occupancy data containing covariates of species occurrence and species detection probabilities is usually completed using Markov chain Monte Carlo methods in conjunction with software programs that can implement those methods for any statistical model, not just site-occupancy models. Although these software programs are quite flexible, considerable experience is often required to specify a model and to initialize the Markov chain so that summaries of the posterior distribution can be estimated efficiently and accurately. 2. As an alternative to these programs, we develop a Gibbs sampler for Bayesian analysis of site-occupancy data that include covariates of species occurrence and species detection probabilities. This Gibbs sampler is based on a class of site-occupancy models in which probabilities of species occurrence and detection are specified as probit-regression functions of site- and survey-specific covariate measurements. 3. To illustrate the Gibbs sampler, we analyse site-occupancy data of the blue hawker, Aeshna cyanea (Odonata, Aeshnidae), a common dragonfly species in Switzerland. Our analysis includes a comparison of results based on Bayesian and classical (non-Bayesian) methods of inference. We also provide code (based on the R software program) for conducting Bayesian and classical analyses of site-occupancy data.
Nan, Ning; Chen, Qi; Wang, Yu; Zhai, Xu; Yang, Chuan-Ce; Cao, Bin; Chong, Tie
2017-10-01
To explore the disturbed molecular functions and pathways in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) using Gibbs sampling. Gene expression data of ccRCC samples and adjacent non-tumor renal tissues were recruited from public available database. Then, molecular functions of expression changed genes in ccRCC were classed to Gene Ontology (GO) project, and these molecular functions were converted into Markov chains. Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) algorithm was implemented to perform posterior inference and identify probability distributions of molecular functions in Gibbs sampling. Differentially expressed molecular functions were selected under posterior value more than 0.95, and genes with the appeared times in differentially expressed molecular functions ≥5 were defined as pivotal genes. Functional analysis was employed to explore the pathways of pivotal genes and their strongly co-regulated genes. In this work, we obtained 396 molecular functions, and 13 of them were differentially expressed. Oxidoreductase activity showed the highest posterior value. Gene composition analysis identified 79 pivotal genes, and survival analysis indicated that these pivotal genes could be used as a strong independent predictor of poor prognosis in patients with ccRCC. Pathway analysis identified one pivotal pathway - oxidative phosphorylation. We identified the differentially expressed molecular functions and pivotal pathway in ccRCC using Gibbs sampling. The results could be considered as potential signatures for early detection and therapy of ccRCC. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Gibbs-ringing artifact removal based on local subvoxel-shifts.
Kellner, Elias; Dhital, Bibek; Kiselev, Valerij G; Reisert, Marco
2016-11-01
To develop a fast and stable method for correcting the gibbs-ringing artifact. Gibbs-ringing is a well-known artifact which manifests itself as spurious oscillations in the vicinity of sharp image gradients at tissue boundaries. The origin can be seen in the truncation of k-space during MRI data-acquisition. Correction techniques like Gegenbauer reconstruction or extrapolation methods aim at recovering these missing data. Here, we present a simple and robust method which exploits a different view on the Gibbs-phenomenon: The truncation in k-space can be interpreted as a convolution of the underlying image with a sinc-function. As the image is reconstructed on a discretized grid, the severity of the ringing artifacts depends on how this grid is located with respect to the edge and the oscillation pattern of the function. We propose to reinterpolate the image based on local, subvoxel-shifts to sample the ringing pattern at the zero-crossings of the oscillating sinc-function. With the proposed method, the artifact can simply, effectively, and robustly be removed with a minimal amount of image smoothing. The robustness of the method suggests it as a suitable candidate for an implementation in the standard image processing pipeline in clinical routine. Magn Reson Med 76:1574-1581, 2016. © 2015 International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine. © 2015 International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine.
Replicating and understanding successful innovations: Implementing tutorials in introductory physics
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
S. J. Pollock
2005-09-01
Full Text Available We report a detailed study of the implementation of Tutorials in Introductory Physics at a large-scale research institution. Based on two successive semesters of evaluation, we observe students’ improved conceptual mastery (force and motion concept evaluation median normalized gain 0.77, N=336 , albeit with some student discontent. We replicate the results of original studies of tutorial effectiveness and document how and why these results occur. Additionally, using the Colorado Learning Attitudes about Science Survey we measure the support of students’ expertlike beliefs about learning physics in our environment. We examine this implementation from a viewpoint that emphasizes varying contextual levels of this implementation, from students’ engagement in individual tasks, to the situations in which these tasks are embedded, to the broader classroom, departmental, and educational structures. We document both obvious and subtle features that help ensure the successful implementation of these reforms.
Oracle support provides a range of new tutorials
2012-01-01
The IT DB is pleased to announce a new series of Oracle tutorials, with the proposed schedule. Note that these tutorials will take place in the Filtration Plant (Building 222) and that no registration is required. 4 June (Monday) 09:00 Oracle Architecture, Przemyslaw Adam Radowiecki The objective is to go through Oracle database physical and logical structures, highlighting the consequences of some of Oracle's internal design choices for developers of database applications. The presentation defines Oracle-related basic terms and illustrates them based on the database architecture. The following topics will be discussed: • Database with its physical and logical structures (tablespace, segment, extent, block, database user, schema, user's quota) • Single instance (significant memory structures: buffer cache, shared pool) • Real Application Cluster (RAC) • Connecting to the database (TNS, database service) • SQL statement processing (h...
Automated problem generation in Learning Management Systems: a tutorial
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Jaime Romero
2016-07-01
Full Text Available The benefits of solving problems have been widely acknowledged by literature. Its implementation in e–learning platforms can make easier its management and the learning process itself. However, its implementation can also become a very time–consuming task, particularly when the number of problems to generate is high. In this tutorial we describe a methodology that we have developed aiming to alleviate the workload of producing a great deal of problems in Moodle for an undergraduate business course. This methodology follows a six-step process and allows evaluating student’s skills in problem solving, minimizes plagiarism behaviors and provides immediate feedback. We expect this tutorial encourage other educators to apply our six steps process, thus benefiting themselves and their students of its advantages.
Transverse Anderson localization of light: a tutorial review
Mafi, Arash
2015-01-01
This tutorial review gives an overview of the transverse Anderson localization of light in one and two transverse dimensions. A pedagogical approach is followed throughout the presentation, where many aspects of localization are illustrated by means of a few simple models. The tutorial starts with some basic aspects of random matrix theory, and light propagation through and reflection from a random stack of dielectric slabs. Transverse Anderson localization of light in one- and two-dimensional coupled waveguide arrays is subsequently established and discussed. Recent experimental observations of localization and image transport in disordered optical fibers are discussed. More advanced topics, such as hyper-transport in longitudinally varying disordered waveguides, the impact of nonlinearity, and propagation of partially coherent and quantum light, are also examined.
A Computer-based Tutorial on Double-Focusing Spectrometers
Silbar, Richard R.; Browman, Andrew A.; Mead, William C.; Williams, Robert A.
1998-10-01
WhistleSoft is developing a set of computer-based, self-paced tutorials on particle accelerators that targets a broad audience, including undergraduate science majors and industrial technicians. (See http://www.whistlesoft.com/s~ilbar/.) We use multimedia techniques to enhance the student's rate of learning and retention of the material. The tutorials feature interactive On-Screen Laboratories and use hypertext, colored graphics, two- and three-dimensional animations, video, and sound. Parts of our Dipoles module deal with the double-focusing spectrometer and occur throughout the piece. Radial focusing occurs in the section on uniform magnets, while vertical focusing is in the non-uniform magnets section. The student can even understand the √2π bend angle on working through the (intermediate-level) discussion on the Kerst-Serber equations. This talk will present our discussion of this spectrometer, direct to you from the computer screen.
Developing Tutorials for Advanced Physics Students: Processes and Lessons Learned
Baily, Charles; Pollock, Steven J
2013-01-01
When education researchers describe newly developed curricular materials, they typically concentrate on the research base behind their design, and the efficacy of the final products, but do not highlight the initial stages of creating the actual materials. With the aim of providing useful information for faculty engaged in similar projects, we describe here our development of a set of in-class tutorials for advanced undergraduate electrodynamics students, and discuss factors that influenced their initial design and refinement. Among the obstacles to be overcome was the investigation of student difficulties within the short time frame of our project, and devising ways for students to engage in meaningful activities on advanced-level topics within a single 50-minute class period. We argue for a process that leverages faculty experience and classroom observations, and present several guidelines for tutorial development and implementation in upper-division physics classrooms.
A Tutorial on Using Dafny to Construct Verified Software
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Paqui Lucio
2017-01-01
Full Text Available This paper is a tutorial for newcomers to the field of automated verification tools, though we assume the reader to be relatively familiar with Hoare-style verification. In this paper, besides introducing the most basic features of the language and verifier Dafny, we place special emphasis on how to use Dafny as an assistant in the development of verified programs. Our main aim is to encourage the software engineering community to make the move towards using formal verification tools.
Biological imaging with coherent Raman scattering microscopy: a tutorial
Alfonso-García, Alba; Mittal, Richa; Lee, Eun Seong; Potma, Eric O.
2014-01-01
Abstract. Coherent Raman scattering (CRS) microscopy is gaining acceptance as a valuable addition to the imaging toolset of biological researchers. Optimal use of this label-free imaging technique benefits from a basic understanding of the physical principles and technical merits of the CRS microscope. This tutorial offers qualitative explanations of the principles behind CRS microscopy and provides information about the applicability of this nonlinear optical imaging approach for biological research. PMID:24615671
GEN 480 UOP Course Tutorial / gen480dotcom
2015-01-01
GEN 480 Entire Course For more course tutorials visit www.gen480.com GEN 480 Week 1 Individual Assignment Ethics Awareness Inventory GEN 480 Week 1 DQ 1 GEN 480 Week 1 DQ 2 GEN 480 Week 1 DQ 3 GEN 480 Week 1 DQ 4 GEN 480 Week 1 Summary GEN 480 Week 2 Individual Assignment Ethics Awareness Inventory Analysis GEN 480 Week 2 Individual Assignment Professional Workplace Dilemma Paper GEN 480 Week 2 Learning Team Assignment Skills Assessment P...
2012 Community Earth System Model (CESM) Tutorial - Proposal to DOE
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Holland, Marika [National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO (United States); Bailey, David A [National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO (United States)
2013-03-18
The Community Earth System Model (CESM) is a fully-coupled, global climate model that provides state-of-the-art computer simulations of the Earth's past, present, and future climate states. This document provides the agenda and list of participants for the conference. Web materials for all lectures and practical sessions available from: http://www.cesm.ucar.edu/events/tutorials/073012/ .
LHC@home online tutorial for Mac users - recording
CERN. Geneva
2016-01-01
A step-by-step online tutorial about LHC@home for Mac users by Alexandre Racine. It contains detailed instructions on how-to-join this volunteer computing project. There are 3 screen capture videos with the real installation process accelerated attached to the event page. This 5' video is linked from http://lhcathome.web.cern.ch/join-us Also from the CDS e-learning category.
Analog circuit design a tutorial guide to applications and solutions
Williams, Jim
2011-01-01
* Covers the fundamentals of linear/analog circuit and system design to guide engineers with their design challenges. * Based on the Application Notes of Linear Technology, the foremost designer of high performance analog products, readers will gain practical insights into design techniques and practice. * Broad range of topics, including power management tutorials, switching regulator design, linear regulator design, data conversion, signal conditioning, and high frequency/RF design. * Contributors include the leading lights in analog design, Robert Dobkin, Jim Willia
Tutorial Pengenalan Adobe Photoshop Menggunakan Adobe Flash CS3
Mayoka, Rio
2011-01-01
Kajian ini bertujuan untuk membangun sebuah aplikasi yang dapat menjadi alat bantu dalam pembelajaran Adobe Photoshop, dimana terdapat beberapa materi pengenalan dasar Adobe Photoshop. Aplikasi ini suatu gagasan dengan membuat tutorial beranimasi yang interatif. Aplikasi ini dibuat dengan menggunakan Adobe Flash CS3 dan dapat dijalankan dengan Flash player. Aplikasi ini dapat membantu para penggunanya dalam memahami pengenalan Adobe Photoshop, terutama pengenalan tool pada Adob...
Tutorial in oral antithrombotic therapy: Biology and dental implications
Fakhri, Hamid Reza; Janket, Sok Ja; Jackson, Elizabeth A.; Alison E Baird; Dinnocenzo, Richard; Meurman, Jukka H
2013-01-01
Objectives: Recent developments of new direct oral anticoagulants that target specific clotting factors necessitate understanding of coagulation biology. The objective of this tutorial is to offer dental professionals a review of coagulation mechanisms and the pharmacodynamics of the conventional and new oral anticoagulants. Also, we summarized the dental implications of the conventional and new anticoagulants. Method: We searched Medline using search terms “antithrombotic”, “antihemostasis” ...
Divergence Measures Tool:An Introduction with Brief Tutorial
2014-03-01
on tutorial are provided in this report. 15. SUBJECT TERMS Divergence measures, natural language processing, text corpus, text domain, text genre ...in detecting differences across a wide range of Arabic-language text files (they varied by genre , domain, spelling variation, size, etc.), our...screenshots are cropped down to that portion of screen layout most relevant to the accompanying description . Cropped screenshots in figures in sections
Hellweg, Arnim
2016-01-01
The computational modelling of reactions is simple in theory but can be quite tricky in practice. This article aims at the purpose of providing an assistance to a proper way of describing reactions theoretically and provides rough guidelines to the computational methods involved. Reactions in liquid phase chemical equilibrium can be described theoretically in terms of the Gibbs free energy of reaction. This property can be divided into a sum of three disjunct terms, namely the gas phase reaction energy, the finite temperature contribution to the Gibbs free energy, and the Gibbs free energy of solvation. The three contributions to the Gibbs free energy of reaction can be computed separately, using different theoretico--chemical calculation methods. While some of these terms can be obtained reliably by computationally cheap methods, for others a high level of theory is required to obtain predictions of quantitative quality. In order to propose workflows which can strike the balance between accuracy and computat...
Hanson, Robert M.; Riley, Patrick; Schwinefus, Jeff; Fischer, Paul J.
2008-01-01
The use of qualitative graphs of Gibbs energy versus temperature is described in the context of chemical demonstrations involving phase changes and colligative properties at the general chemistry level. (Contains 5 figures and 1 note.)
A hypertext-based tutorial with links to the Web for teaching statistics and research methods.
Koch, C; Gobell, J
1999-02-01
An online tutorial for research design and statistics is described. This tutorial provides a way for students to learn how scales of measure, research design, statistics, and graphing data are related. The tutorial also helps students determine what statistical analysis is appropriate for a given design and how the results of the analysis should be plotted in order to effectively communicate the results of a study. Initial research suggests that students using the tutorial are more accurate in their decisions about the design and statistics associated with a study. Students are also more confident in the decisions and find them easier to make when using the tutorial. Furthermore, practice with the tutorial appears to improve problem-solving ability in subsequent design and statistics scenarios. Implications for teaching statistics and research design are discussed.
PHD TUTORIAL: Finite-temperature models of Bose Einstein condensation
Proukakis, Nick P.; Jackson, Brian
2008-10-01
The theoretical description of trapped weakly interacting Bose-Einstein condensates is characterized by a large number of seemingly very different approaches which have been developed over the course of time by researchers with very distinct backgrounds. Newcomers to this field, experimentalists and young researchers all face a considerable challenge in navigating through the 'maze' of abundant theoretical models, and simple correspondences between existing approaches are not always very transparent. This tutorial provides a generic introduction to such theories, in an attempt to single out common features and deficiencies of certain 'classes of approaches' identified by their physical content, rather than their particular mathematical implementation. This tutorial is structured in a manner accessible to a non-specialist with a good working knowledge of quantum mechanics. Although some familiarity with concepts of quantum field theory would be an advantage, key notions, such as the occupation number representation of second quantization, are nonetheless briefly reviewed. Following a general introduction, the complexity of models is gradually built up, starting from the basic zero-temperature formalism of the Gross-Pitaevskii equation. This structure enables readers to probe different levels of theoretical developments (mean field, number conserving and stochastic) according to their particular needs. In addition to its 'training element', we hope that this tutorial will prove useful to active researchers in this field, both in terms of the correspondences made between different theoretical models, and as a source of reference for existing and developing finite-temperature theoretical models.
Avetyan, Smbat
The Physics Education Research (PER) group at the University of Washington have researched traditional teaching methods and found that students in introductory physics are lacking a conceptual understanding of the physics material. The solution they put forth is an interactive tutorial program designed to meet the lack of conceptual understanding. Since the tutorial programs inception at CSU Los Angeles in Fall 2006 no evaluation has been successfully undertaken therefore the effect of the tutorial program in the physics 200 series is deeply obscure to the department. The research has shed light on the tutorial program and brought into context its effectiveness on the overall physics 200 series courses at CSU Los Angeles. The researcher has addressed the following research questions, what overall effect does the tutorial program have on the Physics 200 series curriculum? What is the size and significance of gains attributable to the undergraduate calculus based Physics 200 series tutorial program at CSU Los Angeles? What can we learn from gains about individual weekly lessons from the Physics 200 series tutorial courses? What is the correlation of tutorial gains with student final course grades? Are the gains from the tutorial program different for genders? Is there a difference in gains based on the different students' colleges?
Accounting for tutorial teaching assistants’ buy-in to reform instruction
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Renee Michelle Goertzen
2009-12-01
Full Text Available Successful implementation of tutorials includes establishing norms for learning in the tutorial classroom. The teaching assistants (TAs who lead each tutorial section are important arbiters of these norms. TAs who value (buy into tutorials are more likely to convey their respect for the material and the tutorial process to the students, as well as learning more themselves. We present a case study of a TA who does not buy into certain aspects of the tutorials he teaches and demonstrate how his lack of buy-in affects specific classroom interactions. We would hope to design professional development programs to help TAs appreciate the power of tutorial instruction. However, our research suggests that the typical professional development activities offered to tutorial TAs are not likely to be effective. Instead, it appears that what we call the “social and environmental context” of the tutorials—including classroom, departmental, and institutional levels of implementation—has the potential to strongly affect TA buy-in to tutorials and probably outweighs the influence of any particular activity that we might prepare for them.
Communication: system-size scaling of Boltzmann and alternate Gibbs entropies.
Vilar, Jose M G; Rubi, J Miguel
2014-05-28
It has recurrently been proposed that the Boltzmann textbook definition of entropy S(E) = k ln Ω(E) in terms of the number of microstates Ω(E) with energy E should be replaced by the expression S(G)(E) = k ln Σ(E' < E)Ω(E') examined by Gibbs. Here, we show that SG either is equivalent to S in the macroscopic limit or becomes independent of the energy exponentially fast as the system size increases. The resulting exponential scaling makes the realistic use of SG unfeasible and leads in general to temperatures that are inconsistent with the notions of hot and cold.
Marinsky, J.A.; Reddy, M.M.
1991-01-01
Earlier research has shown that the acid dissociation and metal ion complexation equilibria of linear, weak-acid polyelectrolytes and their cross-linked gel analogues are similarly sensitive to the counterion concentration levels of their solutions. Gibbs-Donnan-based concepts, applicable to the gel, are equally applicable to the linear polyelectrolyte for the accommodation of this sensitivity to ionic strength. This result is presumed to indicate that the linear polyelectrolyte in solution develops counterion-concentrating regions that closely resemble the gel phase of their analogues. Advantage has been taken of this description of linear polyelectrolytes to estimate the solvent uptake by these regions. ?? 1991 American Chemical Society.
Wouters, B; De Nardis, J; Brockmann, M; Fioretto, D; Rigol, M; Caux, J-S
2014-09-12
We study quenches in integrable spin-1/2 chains in which we evolve the ground state of the antiferromagnetic Ising model with the anisotropic Heisenberg Hamiltonian. For this nontrivially interacting situation, an application of the first-principles-based quench-action method allows us to give an exact description of the postquench steady state in the thermodynamic limit. We show that a generalized Gibbs ensemble, implemented using all known local conserved charges, fails to reproduce the exact quench-action steady state and to correctly predict postquench equilibrium expectation values of physical observables. This is supported by numerical linked-cluster calculations within the diagonal ensemble in the thermodynamic limit.
LA CASA GIBBS Y EL MONOPOLIO SALITRERO PERUANO: 1876-1878
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Manuel Ravest Mora
2008-06-01
Full Text Available El objeto de este breve trabajo es mostrar la disposición de Anthony Gibbs & Sons, y de sus filiales, a apoyar el proyecto monopólico salitrero del Perú con recursos monetarios y los manejos de sus directores en la única empresa que, dada su capacidad de elaboración, podía hacerlo fracasar: la Compañía de Salitres y Ferrocarril de Antofagasta, de la que Gibbs era el segundo mayor accionista. Para el gobierno chileno la causa primaria de la guerra de 1879 fue el intento del Perú por monopolizar la producción salitrera. Bolivia, su aliada secreta desde 1873, colaboró arrendándole y vendiéndole sus depósitos de nitrato, e imponiendo a la exportación del salitre un tributo que infringió la condición -estipulada en un Tratado de Límites- bajo la cual Chile le cedió territorio. Su recuperación manu militari inició el conflicto. A partir de la segunda mitad del siglo pasado esta tesis economicista-legalista fue cuestionada en Chile y en el exterior, desplazando el acento causal al reordenamiento de los mercados de materias primas -de las que los beligerantes eran exportadores- a consecuencia de la crisis mundial de la década de 1870.This brief study aims at showing Anthony Gibbs & Sons disposition in supporting the Peruvian monopolistic nitrate project with monetary resources and its Director's influences in the only company which, due its production's capacity, could make the project fail: the Chilean Antofagasta Nitrate and Railway Co. in which Gibbs was the second most important stockholder. According to Chilean government the primary cause of 1879's war was Peru's attempt to monopolize nitrate production. Bolivia, its secret allied since 1873, helped renting and selling him her nitrate fields and imposing a tax on the nitrate exports of the Chilean company in Antofagasta, thus violating the condition stated in a Border Treaty by which Chile had ceded territory. Its recovery through the use of military forcé was the first act
The Gibbs paradox, Black hole entropy and the thermodynamics of isolated horizons
Pithis, Andreas G A
2012-01-01
This letter presents a new argument for considering the states of the quantum isolated horizon as distinguishable. It is claimed that only if the states are distinguishable, the entropy is an extensive quantity and can be well-defined. To show this, the comparison with a classical ideal gas system is explicitly given, whose statistical description makes only sense, if an additional 1/N! is included in the state counting, curing the Gibbs paradox. The difference with the statistical description of a quantum isolated horizon is elaborated, to make the claim evident. This letter is a product of the author's diploma thesis.
Zoeal morphology of Pachygrapsus transversus (Gibbes (Decapoda, Grapsidae reared in the laboratory
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ana Luiza Brossi-Garcia
1997-12-01
Full Text Available Ovigerous females of Pachygrapsus transversus (Gibbes, 1850 were collected on the Praia Dura and Saco da Ribeira beaches, Ubatuba, São Paulo, Brazil. Larvae were individually reared in a climatic room at 25ºC temperature, salinities of 28, 32 and 35‰ and under natural photoperiod conditions. The best rearing results were observed at 35%o salinity. Seven zoeal instars were observed, drawing and described in detail. The data are compared with those obtained for P. gracilis (Saussure, 1858.
TUTORIALS AS A STRATEGY TO STRENGTHEN THE UPPER LEVEL
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Francisco Antonio Romero-Leyva
2014-01-01
Full Text Available In the University context tutorials are displayed as a strategy for improving the quality of higher education, therefore the Universidad de Occidente in its educational model has incorporated this program; on the basis of the above it is interesting to perform an analysis and proposal to improve the institutional program of mentoring (PIT of the U de O, El Fuerte unit. The objective of this research was an analysis of the institutional program of tutoring from the Universidad de Occidente, El Fuerte unit and propose suggestions for improvements. The deductive-inductive method was used, non-probability sampling, with a representative sample of 10% of the universe, the techniques applied the questionnaire and the interview. The sources consulted were; personal, institutional, electronic sources and documentary Among the outstanding results include that it is essential that the IES put in place tutorial systems through which students have to throughout their training with the advice and support of a teacher properly prepared, the way how they are implemented is commitment of each institution, in El Fuerte Unit is necessary training quarterly to the body of tutors, have comfortable spaces for the tutorial process, the administrative authorities require compliance with the listing because it allows the tutor to better control and management problems of their tutees, having the program strategies to rescue students who for various reasons leave the classrooms of the University; this program being a tool to comply with Tutoring System, thereby obtaining increased rates and terminal efficiency and comply graduate profile al. As tutors we need to reflect critically on our personal and professional performance when interacting with tutees, to promote change and the process of development of human potential performance.
Easy Implementation of Internet-Based Whiteboard Physics Tutorials
Robinson, Andrew
2008-11-01
The requirement for a method of capturing problem solving on a whiteboard for later replay stems from my teaching load, which includes two classes of first-year university general physics, each with relatively large class sizes of approximately 80-100 students. Most university-level teachers value one-to-one interaction with the students and find working out problems on a board a useful teaching method. However, in most institutions of higher education, the staff-to-student ratio precludes giving every student this learning experience. The syllabus of the algebra-based physics course at the University of Saskatchewan (Physics 111) is relatively ambitious in terms of the content covered, given the physics and mathematics background knowledge of the average student. This means that the number of problems worked on in class is rather limited if a thorough discussion of the basic principles is required. Some form of tutorial that records the essence of working out a problem on a board, with both visual and audio elements and which can be replayed over the Internet, is desirable. Obviously, this loses the interactive question-and-answer element possible in a true tutorial where the student and teacher are both physically present, but it does have the significant advantage that the tutorial can be replayed as many times as the student deems it necessary, thus allowing the lesson to proceed at a pace dictated by the student. Moreover, these lessons only have to be prepared once, can be used many times over, and can be used in distance-learning courses. In this paper, I describe the necessary hardware and software required to do this, all of which is relatively affordable and requires little specialist IT knowledge to set up.
Questioning a Discourse of Information Literacy Practice in Web-Based Tutorials
Schreiber, Trine
2013-01-01
Introduction: A number of Scandinavian Web-based tutorials on information seeking mediate a kind of discourse of information literacy practice by combining the two themes, written academic assignment and information seeking. The aim of the paper is first to examine students' experience of the pragmatic value of two of these Web-based tutorials,…
The Nature of Reflective Practice and Emotional Intelligence in Tutorial Settings
Gill, Gobinder Singh
2014-01-01
The purpose of this paper was to assess the nature of reflective practice and emotional intelligence in tutorial settings. Following the completion of a self-report measure of emotional intelligence, practitioners incorporated a model of reflective practice into their tutorial sessions. Practitioners were instructed to utilise reflective practice…
Interactive Intragroup Tutorials: A Need-Based Modification to Enhance Learning in Physiology
Srivastava, Tripti K.; Waghmare, Lalitbhushan S.; Jagzape, Arunita; Mishra, Vedprakash
2015-01-01
A tutorial is a period of instruction given by a university or college tutor to an individual or a very small group. Essentially, it is a small class of a few students in which the tutor (a lecturer or other academic staff member) gives individual attention to every learner. The tutorial focuses on certain subject areas and generally proceeds with…
Proposing a Web-Based Tutorial System to Teach Malay Language Braille Code to the Sighted
Wah, Lee Lay; Keong, Foo Kok
2010-01-01
The "e-KodBrailleBM Tutorial System" is a web-based tutorial system which is specially designed to teach, facilitate and support the learning of Malay Language Braille Code to individuals who are sighted. The targeted group includes special education teachers, pre-service teachers, and parents. Learning Braille code involves memorisation…
Developing Problem-Solving Skills of Students Taking Introductory Physics via Web-Based Tutorials
Singh, Chandralekha; Haileselassie, Daniel
2010-01-01
Science teaching and learning can be made both engaging and student-centered using pedagogical, computer-based learning tools. We have developed self-paced interactive problem-solving tutorials for introductory physics. These tutorials can provide guidance and support for a variety of problem-solving techniques, as well as opportunities for…
The Purpose of Tutorial Groups: Social Influence and the Group as Means and Objective
Rosander, Michael; Chiriac, Eva Hammar
2016-01-01
The aim of this study was to investigate how first-year students view the purpose of tutorial groups in problem-based learning. In all, 147 students from 24 groups participated, providing 399 statements. Data were analysed using thematic analysis. The results showed a focus on both learning and social influence. Learning involved the tutorial as…
Effects of Using a Web-Based Individualized Education Program Decision-Making Tutorial
Shriner, James G.; Carty, Susan J.; Rose, Chad A.; Shogren, Karrie A.; Kim, Myungjin; Trach, John S.
2013-01-01
This study explored the effects of a web-based decision support system ("Tutorial") for writing standards-based Individualized Education Programs (IEPs). A total of 35 teachers and 154 students participated across two academic years. Participants were assigned to one of three intervention groups based on level of "Tutorial"…
Developing Problem-Solving Skills of Students Taking Introductory Physics via Web-Based Tutorials
Singh, Chandralekha; Haileselassie, Daniel
2010-01-01
Science teaching and learning can be made both engaging and student-centered using pedagogical, computer-based learning tools. We have developed self-paced interactive problem-solving tutorials for introductory physics. These tutorials can provide guidance and support for a variety of problem-solving techniques, as well as opportunities for…
Hoffman, James V.; Wetzel, Melissa Mosley; Peterson, Katie
2016-01-01
In this study, we examined the learning of preservice teachers associated with the features of a literacy tutorial experience. Our qualitative study focused on the close inspection of the experiences of 7 focus cases out of the 19 preservice teachers enrolled in our program across a one-semester tutorial experience. Through our research we…
Zapata-Rivera, Diego; Zwick, Rebecca; Vezzu, Margaret
2016-01-01
The goal of this study was to explore the effectiveness of a short web-based tutorial in helping teachers to better understand the portrayal of measurement error in test score reports. The short video tutorial included both verbal and graphical representations of measurement error. Results showed a significant difference in comprehension scores…
Staying on Top of Your Game and Scoring Big with Adobe Presenter Multimedia Tutorials
Koury, Regina; Francis, Marcia J.; Gray, Catherine J.; Jardine, Spencer J.; Guo, Ruiling
2010-01-01
In order to reach distance students in times of financial uncertainty, librarians must be creative. While much has been written about Camtasia, Captivate and Jing tutorial software, Adobe Presenter, a Microsoft PowerPoint plug-in, has not been discussed. This article describes how our library team created multimedia tutorial projects at Idaho…
Theorizing Tutorials: Using Cassirer's Concepts of "Word Magic" to Interpret Writing Conferences.
Janangelo, Joseph
1992-01-01
Shows how tutorial encounters enact gradations and extremes in the manner of Ernst Cassirer's concept of "word magic." Argues that tutorials in which students try to find the "right words" illustrate the need to make written language commensurate with human thought. Narrates several case studies illustrating these insights. (HB)
Implementation and Student Testing of a Web-Based, Student-Centered Stereochemistry Tutorial
Burrmann, Nicola J.; Moore, John W.
2015-01-01
The implementation of a web-based stereochemistry tutorial, which allows students to select their preferred structural representation and method for making stereochemical comparisons between molecules, is discussed. The tutorial was evaluated by students in three different introductory organic chemistry courses at a large midwestern university.…
VINCE--An On-Line Tutorial Tool for Teaching Introductory Programming.
Rowe, Glenn; Thorburn, Gareth
2000-01-01
Describes a tutorial tool which allows the execution of a C program to be graphically displayed. VINCE (Visual Instruction for Novices in a C Environment) is written in Java, allowing it to be used on the Web. Students can enter their own C code, or select from a menu of pre-written tutorials, each illustrating a particular aspect of programming.…
Effects of Using a Web-Based Individualized Education Program Decision-Making Tutorial
Shriner, James G.; Carty, Susan J.; Rose, Chad A.; Shogren, Karrie A.; Kim, Myungjin; Trach, John S.
2013-01-01
This study explored the effects of a web-based decision support system ("Tutorial") for writing standards-based Individualized Education Programs (IEPs). A total of 35 teachers and 154 students participated across two academic years. Participants were assigned to one of three intervention groups based on level of "Tutorial"…
Zapata-Rivera, Diego; Zwick, Rebecca; Vezzu, Margaret
2016-01-01
The goal of this study was to explore the effectiveness of a short web-based tutorial in helping teachers to better understand the portrayal of measurement error in test score reports. The short video tutorial included both verbal and graphical representations of measurement error. Results showed a significant difference in comprehension scores…
Laster, Barbara; Blummer, Barbara; Kenton, Jeffrey M.
2010-01-01
Tutorials and digital learning objects provide librarians a quick, concise mechanism for delivering information and training on a wide range of library topics. The semiotic theory promoted by Charles Sanders Peirce (Wiener, 1958) and Howard Smith (2005) contains implications for enhancing the effectiveness of library tutorials through the…
Using Visual Assessments and Tutorials to Teach Solar System Concepts in Introductory Astronomy
LoPresto, Michael C.
2010-01-01
Visual assessments and tutorials are instruments that rely on student construction and/or examination of pictures and/or diagrams rather than multiple choice and/or short answer questions. Being a very visual subject, astronomy lends itself to assessments and tutorials of this type. What follows is a report on the results of the use of visual…
Using Visual Assessments and Tutorials to Teach Solar System Concepts in Introductory Astronomy
LoPresto, Michael C.
2010-01-01
Visual assessments and tutorials are instruments that rely on student construction and/or examination of pictures and/or diagrams rather than multiple choice and/or short answer questions. Being a very visual subject, astronomy lends itself to assessments and tutorials of this type. What follows is a report on the results of the use of visual…
Staying on Top of Your Game and Scoring Big with Adobe Presenter Multimedia Tutorials
Koury, Regina; Francis, Marcia J.; Gray, Catherine J.; Jardine, Spencer J.; Guo, Ruiling
2010-01-01
In order to reach distance students in times of financial uncertainty, librarians must be creative. While much has been written about Camtasia, Captivate and Jing tutorial software, Adobe Presenter, a Microsoft PowerPoint plug-in, has not been discussed. This article describes how our library team created multimedia tutorial projects at Idaho…
An Online Tutorial vs. Pre-Recorded Lecture for Reducing Incidents of Plagiarism
Henslee, Amber M.; Goldsmith, Jacob; Stone, Nancy J.; Krueger, Merilee
2015-01-01
The current study compared an online academic integrity tutorial modified from Belter & du Pre (2009) to a pre-recorded online academic integrity lecture in reducing incidents of plagiarism among undergraduate students at a science and technology university. Participants were randomized to complete either the tutorial or the pre-recorded…
Tutorial for Wave Equation Inversion of Skeletonized Data
Lu, Kai
2017-04-25
Full waveform inversion of seismic data is often plagued by cycle skipping problems so that an iterative optimization method often gets stuck in a local minimum. To avoid this problem we simplify the objective function so that the iterative solution can quickly converge to a solution in the vicinity of the global minimum. The objective function is simplified by only using parsimonious and important portions of the data, which are defined as skeletonized data. We now present a mostly non-mathematical tutorial that explains the theory of skeletonized inversion. We also show its effectiveness with examples.
Data Grid tutorials with hands-on experience
Donno, Flavia; Puccinelli, Roberto; Stockinger, Kurt; CERN. Geneva. IT Department
2004-01-01
Grid technologies are more and more used in scientific as well as in industrial environments but often documentation and the correct usage are either not sufficient or not too well understood. Comprehensive training with hands-on experience helps people first to understand the technology and second to use it in a correct and efficient way. We have organised and run several training sessions in different locations all over the world and provide our experience. The major factors of success are a solid base of theoretical lectures and, more dominantly, a facility that allows for practical Grid exercises during and possibly after tutorial sessions.
Developing an Interactive Tutorial on a Quantum Eraser
Marshman, Emily
2015-01-01
We are developing a quantum interactive learning tutorial (QuILT) on a quantum eraser for students in upperlevel quantum mechanics. The QuILT exposes students to contemporary topics in quantum mechanics and uses a guided approach to learning. It adapts existing visualization tools to help students build physical intuition about quantum phenomena and strives to help them develop the ability to apply quantum principles in physical situations. The quantum eraser apparatus in the gedanken (thought) experiments and simulations that students learn from in the QuILT uses a MachZehnder Interferometer with single photons. We also discuss findings from a preliminary in-class evaluation.
FIN 403 UOP Course Tutorial / fin403dotcom
anil10
2015-01-01
FIN 403 Entire Course For more course tutorials visit www.fin403.com FIN 403 Week 1 Individual Assignment Global Finance Environment Paper FIN 403 Week 1 DQ 1 FIN 403 Week 1 DQ 2 FIN 403 Week 1 Summary FIN403 Week 2 Learning Team Assignment Investment Decision Selection Paper FIN 403 Week 2 DQ 1 FIN 403 Week 2 DQ 2 FIN 403 Week 2 Summary FIN 403 Week 3 Learning Team Assignment Foreign Exchange and Derivatives Market Paper F...
KNIME for Open-Source Bioimage Analysis: A Tutorial.
Dietz, Christian; Berthold, Michael R
2016-01-01
The open analytics platform KNIME is a modular environment that enables easy visual assembly and interactive execution of workflows. KNIME is already widely used in various areas of research, for instance in cheminformatics or classical data analysis. In this tutorial the KNIME Image Processing Extension is introduced, which adds the capabilities to process and analyse huge amounts of images. In combination with other KNIME extensions, KNIME Image Processing opens up new possibilities for inter-domain analysis of image data in an understandable and reproducible way.
Time-fractional derivatives in relaxation processes: a tutorial survey
Mainardi, Francesco
2008-01-01
The aim of this tutorial survey is to revisit the basic theory of relaxation processes governed by linear differential equations of fractional order. The fractional derivatives are intended both in the Rieamann-Liouville sense and in the Caputo sense. After giving a necessary outline of the classical theory of linear viscoelasticity, we contrast these two types of fractional derivatives in their ability to take into account initial conditions in the constitutive equations of fractional order. We also provide historical notes on the origins of the Caputo derivative and on the use of fractional calculus in viscoelasticity.
A tutorial on testing the race model inequality
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Gondan, Matthias; Minakata, Katsumi
2016-01-01
, to faster responses to redundant signals. In contrast, coactivation models assume integrated processing of the combined stimuli. To distinguish between these two accounts, Miller (1982) derived the well-known race model inequality, which has become a routine test for behavioral data in experiments...... with redundant signals. In this tutorial, we review the basic properties of redundant signals experiments and current statistical procedures used to test the race model inequality during the period between 2011 and 2014. We highlight and discuss several issues concerning study design and the test of the race...
Manual integrado de acción tutorial
Agelet Profitós, Joan; Armengol Asparó, Carme; Barrera-Corominas, Aleix; Navarro Casanoves, Maria; Castro Ceacero, Diego; Comellas, María Jesús,; Olmos Rueda, Patricia; Pàmies Rovira, Jordi; Rodríguez-Gómez, David; Suárez, Cecilia Inés
2015-01-01
Este documento se ha realizado con ayuda financiera de la Unión Europea, a través del proyecto “IDEAS – Iniciativas para el desarrollo educativo y socio comunitario” (Ref. DCI-ALA/2014/351-291). El contenido de este documento es responsabilidad exclusiva de sus autores y en modo alguno debe considerarse que refleja la posición de la Unión Europea El Manual Integrado de Acción Tutorial (MIAT, en adelante) que se introduce con este texto es el documento que recoge propuestas de intervenció...
BENEFITS FROM TAKING A PRIVATE TUTORIAL COURSE FOR EXAM PREPARATION?
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
la Cour, Lisbeth; Milhøj, Anders
2015-01-01
We analyze the effects of taking an extra private tutorial course on the passing probability and the grade in a course in Macroeconomics at the Business Diploma study program at Copenhagen Business School. The topic is of interest as the students are not supposed to need such an extra course...... to a potential problem of self selection, as it may be the weaker students who signs up for the courses, we also apply more advanced statistical models. Still, our conclusions are not changed. We argue for the use of gender as an exogenous driver when taking self selection into account....
Doing bayesian data analysis a tutorial with R and BUGS
Kruschke, John K
2011-01-01
There is an explosion of interest in Bayesian statistics, primarily because recently created computational methods have finally made Bayesian analysis obtainable to a wide audience. Doing Bayesian Data Analysis, A Tutorial Introduction with R and BUGS provides an accessible approach to Bayesian data analysis, as material is explained clearly with concrete examples. The book begins with the basics, including essential concepts of probability and random sampling, and gradually progresses to advanced hierarchical modeling methods for realistic data. The text delivers comprehensive coverage of all
A tutorial on queuing and trunking with applications to communications
Tranter, William H
2012-01-01
The motivation for developing this synthesis lecture was to provide a tutorial on queuing and trunking, with extensions to networks of queues, suitable for supplementing courses in communications, stochastic processes, and networking. An essential component of this lecture is MATLAB-based demonstrations and exercises, which can be easily modified to enable the student to observe and evaluate the impact of changing parameters, arrival and departure statistics, queuing disciplines, the number of servers, and other important aspects of the underlying system model. Much of the work in this lecture
A broadcast engineering tutorial for non-engineers
Pizzi, Skip
2014-01-01
A Broadcast Engineering Tutorial for Non-Engineers is the leading publication on the basics of broadcast technology. Whether you are new to the industry or do not have an engineering background, this book will give you a comprehensive primer of television, radio, and digital media relating to broadcast-it is your guide to understanding the technical world of radio and television broadcast engineering. It covers all the important topics such as DTV, IBOC, HD, standards, video servers, editing, electronic newsrooms, and more.
Marine Vessel Models in Changing Operational Conditions - A Tutorial
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Perez, Tristan; Sørensen, Asgeir; Blanke, Mogens
2006-01-01
conditions (VOC). However, since marine systems operate in changing VOCs, there is a need to adapt the models. To date, there is no theory available to describe a general model valid across different VOCs due to the complexity of the hydrodynamic involved. It is believed that system identification could......This tutorial paper provides an introduction, from a systems perspective, to the topic of ship motion dynamics of surface ships. It presents a classification of parametric models currently used for monitoring and control of marine vessels. These models are valid for certain vessel operational...
PeGS: Perturbed Gibbs Samplers that Generate Privacy-Compliant Synthetic Data
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Yubin Park
2014-12-01
Full Text Available This paper proposes a categorical data synthesizer algorithm that guarantees a quantifiable disclosure risk. Our algorithm, named Perturbed Gibbs Sampler (PeGS, can handle high-dimensional categorical data that are intractable if represented as contingency tables. PeGS involves three intuitive steps: 1 disintegration, 2 noise injection, and 3 synthesis. We first disintegrate the original data into building blocks that (approximately capture essential statistical characteristics of the original data. This process is efficiently implemented using feature hashing and non-parametric distribution approximation. In the next step, an optimal amount of noise is injected into the estimated statistical building blocks to guarantee differential privacy or l-diversity. Finally, synthetic samples are drawn using a Gibbs sampler approach. California Patient Discharge data are used to demonstrate statistical properties of the proposed synthetic methodology. Marginal and conditional distributions as well as regression coefficients obtained from the synthesized data are compared to those obtained from the original data. Intruder scenarios are simulated to evaluate disclosure risks of the synthesized data from multiple angles. Limitations and extensions of the proposed algorithm are also discussed.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Sovilj P.
2014-10-01
Full Text Available Measurement methods, based on the approach named Digital Stochastic Measurement, have been introduced, and several prototype and small-series commercial instruments have been developed based on these methods. These methods have been mostly investigated for various types of stationary signals, but also for non-stationary signals. This paper presents, analyzes and discusses digital stochastic measurement of electroencephalography (EEG signal in the time domain, emphasizing the problem of influence of the Wilbraham-Gibbs phenomenon. The increase of measurement error, related to the Wilbraham-Gibbs phenomenon, is found. If the EEG signal is measured and measurement interval is 20 ms wide, the average maximal error relative to the range of input signal is 16.84 %. If the measurement interval is extended to 2s, the average maximal error relative to the range of input signal is significantly lowered - down to 1.37 %. Absolute errors are compared with the error limit recommended by Organisation Internationale de Métrologie Légale (OIML and with the quantization steps of the advanced EEG instruments with 24-bit A/D conversion
Monte Carlo Molecular Simulation with Isobaric-Isothermal and Gibbs-NPT Ensembles
Du, Shouhong
2012-05-01
This thesis presents Monte Carlo methods for simulations of phase behaviors of Lennard-Jones fluids. The isobaric-isothermal (NPT) ensemble and Gibbs-NPT ensemble are introduced in detail. NPT ensemble is employed to determine the phase diagram of pure component. The reduced simulation results are verified by comparison with the equation of state by by Johnson et al. and results with L-J parameters of methane agree considerably with the experiment measurements. We adopt the blocking method for variance estimation and error analysis of the simulation results. The relationship between variance and number of Monte Carlo cycles, error propagation and Random Number Generator performance are also investigated. We review the Gibbs-NPT ensemble employed for phase equilibrium of binary mixture. The phase equilibrium is achieved by performing three types of trial move: particle displacement, volume rearrangement and particle transfer. The simulation models and the simulation details are introduced. The simulation results of phase coexistence for methane and ethane are reported with comparison of the experimental data. Good agreement is found for a wide range of pressures. The contribution of this thesis work lies in the study of the error analysis with respect to the Monte Carlo cycles and number of particles in some interesting aspects.
Mandal, Gautam
2013-01-01
Quantum quench dynamics is considered in a one dimensional unitary matrix model with a single trace potential. This model is integrable and has been studied in the context of non-critical string theory. We find dynamical phase transitions, and study the role of the quantum critical point. In course of the time evolutions, we find evidence of selective equilibration for a certain class of observables. The equilibrium is governed by the Generalized Gibbs Ensemble (GGE) and differs from the standard Gibbs ensemble. We compute the production of entropy which is O(N) for large N matrices. An important feature of the equilibration is the appearance of an energy cascade, reminiscent of the Richardson cascade in turbulence, where we find flow of energy from initial long wavelength modes to progressively shorter wavelength excitations. We discuss possible implication of the equilibration and of GGE in string theories and higher spin theories. In another related study, we compute time evolutions in a double trace unita...
How to reconcile Information theory and Gibbs-Herz entropy for inverted populated systems
Gagliardi, Alessio
2015-01-01
In this paper we discuss about the validity of the Shannon entropy functional in connection with the correct Gibbs-Hertz probability distribution function. We show that there is no contradiction in using the Shannon-Gibbs functional and restate the validity of information theory applied to equilibrium statistical mechanics. We show that under these assumptions, entropy is always a monotone function of energy, irrespective to the shape of the density of states, leading always to positive temperatures even in the case of inverted population systems. In the second part we assume the validity of the Shannon entropy and thermodynamic temperature, T=dE/dS, extended to systems under non-equilibrium steady state. Contrary to equilibrium, we discuss the possibility and meaning of a negative temperature in this case. Finally we discuss on Carnot cycles operating with a non-equilibrium bath possessing a negative temperature and leading to apparent efficiencies larger than one, due to a wrong accounting af all the energy...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Madsen Per
2003-03-01
Full Text Available Abstract A fully Bayesian analysis using Gibbs sampling and data augmentation in a multivariate model of Gaussian, right censored, and grouped Gaussian traits is described. The grouped Gaussian traits are either ordered categorical traits (with more than two categories or binary traits, where the grouping is determined via thresholds on the underlying Gaussian scale, the liability scale. Allowances are made for unequal models, unknown covariance matrices and missing data. Having outlined the theory, strategies for implementation are reviewed. These include joint sampling of location parameters; efficient sampling from the fully conditional posterior distribution of augmented data, a multivariate truncated normal distribution; and sampling from the conditional inverse Wishart distribution, the fully conditional posterior distribution of the residual covariance matrix. Finally, a simulated dataset was analysed to illustrate the methodology. This paper concentrates on a model where residuals associated with liabilities of the binary traits are assumed to be independent. A Bayesian analysis using Gibbs sampling is outlined for the model where this assumption is relaxed.
Characterization of Active Main Belt Object P/2012 F5 (Gibbs): A Possible Impacted Asteroid
Stevenson, R; Bauer, J M; Masiero, J R; Mainzer, A K
2012-01-01
In this work we characterize the recently discovered active main belt object P/2012 F5 (Gibbs), which was discovered with a dust trail > 7' in length in the outer main belt, 7 months prior to aphelion. We use optical imaging obtained on UT 2012 March 27 to analyze the central condensation and the long trail. We find nuclear B-band and R-band apparent magnitudes of 20.96 and 19.93 mag, respectively, which give an upper limit on the radius of the nucleus of 2.1 km. The geometric cross-section of material in the trail was ~ 4 x 10^8 m^2, corresponding to a dust mass of ~ 5 x 10^7 kg. Analysis of infrared images taken by the Wide-Field Infrared Survey Explorer in September 2010 reveals that the object was below the detection limit, suggesting that it was less active than it was during 2012, or possibly inactive, just 6 months after it passed through perihelion. We set a 1-sigma upper limit on its radius during this time of 2.9 km. P/2012 F5 (Gibbs) is dynamically stable in the outer main belt on timescales of ~ 1...
Korsgaard, Inge Riis; Lund, Mogens Sandø; Sorensen, Daniel; Gianola, Daniel; Madsen, Per; Jensen, Just
2003-01-01
A fully Bayesian analysis using Gibbs sampling and data augmentation in a multivariate model of Gaussian, right censored, and grouped Gaussian traits is described. The grouped Gaussian traits are either ordered categorical traits (with more than two categories) or binary traits, where the grouping is determined via thresholds on the underlying Gaussian scale, the liability scale. Allowances are made for unequal models, unknown covariance matrices and missing data. Having outlined the theory, strategies for implementation are reviewed. These include joint sampling of location parameters; efficient sampling from the fully conditional posterior distribution of augmented data, a multivariate truncated normal distribution; and sampling from the conditional inverse Wishart distribution, the fully conditional posterior distribution of the residual covariance matrix. Finally, a simulated dataset was analysed to illustrate the methodology. This paper concentrates on a model where residuals associated with liabilities of the binary traits are assumed to be independent. A Bayesian analysis using Gibbs sampling is outlined for the model where this assumption is relaxed.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Xuhua Xia
2012-01-01
Full Text Available Position weight matrix (PWM is not only one of the most widely used bioinformatic methods, but also a key component in more advanced computational algorithms (e.g., Gibbs sampler for characterizing and discovering motifs in nucleotide or amino acid sequences. However, few generally applicable statistical tests are available for evaluating the significance of site patterns, PWM, and PWM scores (PWMS of putative motifs. Statistical significance tests of the PWM output, that is, site-specific frequencies, PWM itself, and PWMS, are in disparate sources and have never been collected in a single paper, with the consequence that many implementations of PWM do not include any significance test. Here I review PWM-based methods used in motif characterization and prediction (including a detailed illustration of the Gibbs sampler for de novo motif discovery, present statistical and probabilistic rationales behind statistical significance tests relevant to PWM, and illustrate their application with real data. The multiple comparison problem associated with the test of site-specific frequencies is best handled by false discovery rate methods. The test of PWM, due to the use of pseudocounts, is best done by resampling methods. The test of individual PWMS for each sequence segment should be based on the extreme value distribution.
Hess, Amanda Nichols
2013-01-01
Oakland University (OU) Libraries undertook an assessment of how to leverage its resources to make online tutorials more focused on users' needs. A multi-part assessment process reconsidered Web tutorials offerings through the lenses of faculty and staff feedback, literature review, and an analysis of other universities' online tutorial offerings.…
2013 Community Earth System Model (CESM) Tutorial-Proposal to DOE
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Holland, Marika; Bates, Susan
2014-12-04
THE SAME REQUEST WILL BE SENT TO BOTH NSF AND DOE TO EACH SUPPORT $35K. The third annual Community Earth System Model (CESM) tutorial for students and early career scientists was held from 30 July to 3 August, 2012. This event was extremely successful and, as for the tutorials in previous years, there was a greater demand than could be met. This indicates a continuing need for a tutorial of this type and we anticipate that the 2013 tutorial will be well received. The tutorial will include lectures on simulating the climate system and practical sessions on running CESM, modifying components, and analyzing data. These will be targeted to the graduate student level. Attendance will be limited to a maximum of 80 students with financial support for up to 40 students. Attendees will be balanced across institutions.
al-Modhefer, Abdul-Kadhum J A; Roe, Sean M
2010-05-01
The aim of this paper is to investigate the problems encountered conducting biomedical science tutorials for nursing students in large classes with a typical student: staff ratio of 45:1. The study is based on level 1 Common Foundation Program students from the School of Nursing and Midwifery, Queen's University Belfast at the conclusion of two phases of biomedical sciences education which include a course of 12 interactive tutorials. Survey and interview methodologies were employed to investigate difficulties encountered by students in these large tutorial classes, to ascertain what characterises a good tutor and to explore student attitudes to interactive learning. The barriers to effective teaching and learning in tutorials are discussed and subsequently, a set of guidelines is proposed to enhance learning in them. These include being aware of the ability of the student group, having a compassionate questioning style, tailoring the teaching environment to fit the aims of the class and experimenting with different tutorial formats.
Evaluating the role of web-based tutorials in educational practice
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Moring, Camilla; Schreiber, Trine
The paper describes and discusses a two step analysis for evaluating web based information literacy tutorials in educational practice. In a recent evaluation project the authors used the analysis to examine three web based tutorials developed by three different academic libraries in Norway. Firstly......, each web-based tutorial is analyzed as a communicative act by looking at how it argues for its purpose, how it is rhetorically organized and the interpretative repertoires used. Secondly, the tutorial is analyzed as a tool that users form opinions about while using it, and therefore the second part...... of the analysis focuses on user reception and meaning negotiation. In combination the two different analyses strengthen the evaluation of how web-tutorials as communicative acts become meaningful to users, and how this meaning is negotiated in relation to an educational practice. This approach can be recommended...
Riegler, Peter; Simon, Andreas; Prochaska, Marcus; Kautz, Christian; Bierwirth, Rebekka; Hagendorf, Susan; Kortemeyer, Gerd
2016-11-01
We describe the implementation of Tutorials in Introductory Physics in a German university course. In particular, we investigate if the conceptual challenges that gave rise to the development of Tutorials are also found among German students, which hurdles to the implementation of Tutorials are encountered in a German context, and how Tutorials are perceived in this different context. To that end, video recordings from workgroup sessions and guided group discussions with students and teaching assistants, as well as interviews with faculty are analysed. It was found that German students enter introductory physics courses with a different set of prior knowledge than their US-American counterparts, which together with implementation hurdles and negative perceptions by students, teaching assistants, and faculty led to the discontinuation of Tutorials after only one semester.
Redesigning nursing tutorials for ESL students: a pilot study.
San Miguel, Caroline; Townsend, Lisa; Waters, Cheryl
2013-04-01
Increased enrolments of Bachelor of Nursing (BN) students who speak English as a second language (ESL) can help create a multilingual and culturally diverse workforce that is better prepared to meet the needs of increasingly diverse health populations. However, although ESL enrolments are increasing, attrition rates for ESL students tend to be higher than those of native speakers of English, partly due to academic failure. At the same time, concerns have been expressed in some quarters about the low levels of English language of entering students. As it is unlikely that language entry levels to university will be raised, sustainable programmes that help ESL students better meet the academic challenges they may face need to be developed. So far, models of ESL support have been mostly an adjunct to their degree, voluntary and not well attended. This paper discusses a model using tutorials integrated into the first year nursing curriculum that were specifically designed for ESL students with low levels of English language proficiency. The paper also examines students' perceptions of such tutorials, which they found beneficial to their learning.
Topographic ERP analyses: a step-by-step tutorial review.
Murray, Micah M; Brunet, Denis; Michel, Christoph M
2008-06-01
In this tutorial review, we detail both the rationale for as well as the implementation of a set of analyses of surface-recorded event-related potentials (ERPs) that uses the reference-free spatial (i.e. topographic) information available from high-density electrode montages to render statistical information concerning modulations in response strength, latency, and topography both between and within experimental conditions. In these and other ways these topographic analysis methods allow the experimenter to glean additional information and neurophysiologic interpretability beyond what is available from canonical waveform analyses. In this tutorial we present the example of somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) in response to stimulation of each hand to illustrate these points. For each step of these analyses, we provide the reader with both a conceptual and mathematical description of how the analysis is carried out, what it yields, and how to interpret its statistical outcome. We show that these topographic analysis methods are intuitive and easy-to-use approaches that can remove much of the guesswork often confronting ERP researchers and also assist in identifying the information contained within high-density ERP datasets.
A tutorial on time-evolving dynamical Bayesian inference
Stankovski, Tomislav; Duggento, Andrea; McClintock, Peter V. E.; Stefanovska, Aneta
2014-12-01
In view of the current availability and variety of measured data, there is an increasing demand for powerful signal processing tools that can cope successfully with the associated problems that often arise when data are being analysed. In practice many of the data-generating systems are not only time-variable, but also influenced by neighbouring systems and subject to random fluctuations (noise) from their environments. To encompass problems of this kind, we present a tutorial about the dynamical Bayesian inference of time-evolving coupled systems in the presence of noise. It includes the necessary theoretical description and the algorithms for its implementation. For general programming purposes, a pseudocode description is also given. Examples based on coupled phase and limit-cycle oscillators illustrate the salient features of phase dynamics inference. State domain inference is illustrated with an example of coupled chaotic oscillators. The applicability of the latter example to secure communications based on the modulation of coupling functions is outlined. MatLab codes for implementation of the method, as well as for the explicit examples, accompany the tutorial.
Numerical analysis of the Gibbs-Thomson effect on trench-filling epitaxial growth of 4H-SiC
Mochizuki, Kazuhiro; Ji, Shiyang; Kosugi, Ryoji; Kojima, Kazutoshi; Yonezawa, Yoshiyuki; Okumura, Hajime
2016-03-01
A steady-state two-dimensional diffusion equation was numerically analyzed to examine the rate of homoepitaxial growth on a trenched 4H-SiC substrate. The radii of curvature at the top and bottom of the trenches were used to take the Gibbs-Thomson effect into account in the analysis based on the conventional boundary-layer model. When the trench pitch was less than or equal to 6.0 µm, the measured dependence of the growth rate on the trench pitch was found to be explained by the Gibbs-Thomson effect on the vapor-phase diffusion of growing species.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
W. L. Silva
2008-09-01
Full Text Available The reduction efficiency is an important variable during the black liquor burning process in the Kraft recovery boiler. This variable value is obtained by slow experimental routines and the delay of this measure disturbs the pulp and paper industry customary control. This paper describes an optimization approach for the reduction efficiency determination in the furnace bottom of the recovery boiler based on the minimization of the Gibbs free energy. The industrial data used in this study were directly obtained from CENIBRA's data acquisition system. The resulting approach is able to predict the steady state behavior of the chemical composition of the furnace recovery boiler, - especially the reduction efficiency when different operational conditions are used. This result confirms the potential of this approach in the analysis of the daily operation of the recovery boiler.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Chaeyoung Lee
2012-11-01
Full Text Available Epistasis that may explain a large portion of the phenotypic variation for complex economic traits of animals has been ignored in many genetic association studies. A Baysian method was introduced to draw inferences about multilocus genotypic effects based on their marginal posterior distributions by a Gibbs sampler. A simulation study was conducted to provide statistical powers under various unbalanced designs by using this method. Data were simulated by combined designs of number of loci, within genotype variance, and sample size in unbalanced designs with or without null combined genotype cells. Mean empirical statistical power was estimated for testing posterior mean estimate of combined genotype effect. A practical example for obtaining empirical statistical power estimates with a given sample size was provided under unbalanced designs. The empirical statistical powers would be useful for determining an optimal design when interactive associations of multiple loci with complex phenotypes were examined.
Estimation of Gibbs free energy difference in Pd-based bulk metallic glasses
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Cai Anhui; Xiong Xiang; Liu Yong; Tan JingYing; Zhou Yong; An Weike
2008-01-01
A new thermodynamic expression for Gibbs free energy difference 4G between the under-cooled Iiquid and the corresponding crystals of bulk metallic glasses was derived.The newly proposed expression always gives results in fairly good agreement with experimental values over entire temperature range between the fusion temperature Tm and the glass transition temperature Tg of Pd40Ni40P20,Pd40Cu30Ni10P20 and Pd43Cu27Ni10P20,which possess different heat capacities.However,the TS and KN expressions cannot always provide results in good agreement with the experimental values.In addition.the deviations between the experimental values and the △G calculated by the proposed expression at Tg are smaller than those given by other expressions for all the bulk metallic glasses studied.
The Gibbs paradox and the physical criteria for indistinguishability of identical particles
Unnikrishnan, C. S.
2016-08-01
Gibbs paradox in the context of statistical mechanics addresses the issue of additivity of entropy of mixing gases. The usual discussion attributes the paradoxical situation to classical distinguishability of identical particles and credits quantum theory for enabling indistinguishability of identical particles to solve the problem. We argue that indistinguishability of identical particles is already a feature in classical mechanics and this is clearly brought out when the problem is treated in the language of information and associated entropy. We pinpoint the physical criteria for indistinguishability that is crucial for the treatment of the Gibbs’ problem and the consistency of its solution with conventional thermodynamics. Quantum mechanics provides a quantitative criterion, not possible in the classical picture, for the degree of indistinguishability in terms of visibility of quantum interference, or overlap of the states as pointed out by von Neumann, thereby endowing the entropy expression with mathematical continuity and physical reasonableness.
Distance expanding random mappings, thermodynamical formalism, Gibbs measures and fractal geometry
Mayer, Volker; Skorulski, Bartlomiej
2011-01-01
The theory of random dynamical systems originated from stochastic differential equations. It is intended to provide a framework and techniques to describe and analyze the evolution of dynamical systems when the input and output data are known only approximately, according to some probability distribution. The development of this field, in both the theory and applications, has gone in many directions. In this manuscript we introduce measurable expanding random dynamical systems, develop the thermodynamical formalism and establish, in particular, the exponential decay of correlations and analyticity of the expected pressure although the spectral gap property does not hold. This theory is then used to investigate fractal properties of conformal random systems. We prove a Bowen’s formula and develop the multifractal formalism of the Gibbs states. Depending on the behavior of the Birkhoff sums of the pressure function we arrive at a natural classification of the systems into two classes: quasi-deterministic syst...
Ergodic time-reversible chaos for Gibbs' canonical oscillator
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hoover, William Graham, E-mail: hooverwilliam@yahoo.com [Ruby Valley Research Institute, Highway Contract 60, Box 601, Ruby Valley, NV 89833 (United States); Sprott, Julien Clinton [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706 (United States); Patra, Puneet Kumar [Advanced Technology Development Center, Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, West Bengal, 721302 (India)
2015-12-04
Nosé's pioneering 1984 work inspired a variety of time-reversible deterministic thermostats. Though several groups have developed successful doubly-thermostated models, single-thermostat models have failed to generate Gibbs' canonical distribution for the one-dimensional harmonic oscillator. A 2001 doubly-thermostated model, claimed to be ergodic, has a singly-thermostated version. Though neither of these models is ergodic this work has suggested a successful route toward singly-thermostated ergodicity. We illustrate both ergodicity and its lack for these models using phase-space cross sections and Lyapunov instability as diagnostic tools. - Highlights: • We develop cross-section and Lyapunov methods for diagnosing ergodicity. • We apply these methods to several thermostatted-oscillator problems. • We demonstrate the nonergodicity of previous work. • We find a novel family of ergodic thermostatted-oscillator problems.
A course on large deviations with an introduction to Gibbs measures
Rassoul-Agha, Firas
2015-01-01
This is an introductory course on the methods of computing asymptotics of probabilities of rare events: the theory of large deviations. The book combines large deviation theory with basic statistical mechanics, namely Gibbs measures with their variational characterization and the phase transition of the Ising model, in a text intended for a one semester or quarter course. The book begins with a straightforward approach to the key ideas and results of large deviation theory in the context of independent identically distributed random variables. This includes Cramér's theorem, relative entropy, Sanov's theorem, process level large deviations, convex duality, and change of measure arguments. Dependence is introduced through the interactions potentials of equilibrium statistical mechanics. The phase transition of the Ising model is proved in two different ways: first in the classical way with the Peierls argument, Dobrushin's uniqueness condition, and correlation inequalities and then a second time through the ...
Manca, Fabio; Giordano, Stefano; Palla, Pier Luca; Zucca, Rinaldo; Cleri, Fabrizio; Colombo, Luciano
2012-04-21
Stretching experiments on single molecules of arbitrary length opened the way for studying the statistical mechanics of small systems. In many cases in which the thermodynamic limit is not satisfied, different macroscopic boundary conditions, corresponding to different statistical mechanics ensembles, yield different force-displacement curves. We formulate analytical expressions and develop Monte Carlo simulations to quantitatively evaluate the difference between the Helmholtz and the Gibbs ensembles for a wide range of polymer models of biological relevance. We consider generalizations of the freely jointed chain and of the worm-like chain models with extensible bonds. In all cases we show that the convergence to the thermodynamic limit upon increasing contour length is described by a suitable power law and a specific scaling exponent, characteristic of each model.
Stabilization of needle-crystals by the Gibbs-Thomson effect
Pillet, C.-A.
1991-09-01
We develop a scheme based on pseudo-differential operators to analyze the propagation of excitations in inhomogeneous extended systems. This method is used in a very specific situation, however we think that it has some generality and should apply to various other problems of current interest. We study the well known two-dimensional symmetric model of solidification introduced by Langer and Turski. Assuming the existence of Ivantsov-like steady-state solutions, we calculate their excitation spectrum. We show that there are no unstable propagating modes if the Gibbs-Thomson effect is taken into account. This proves that the growth of needle-crystals is stable with respect to side-branching.
The Stumbling Block of the Gibbs Entropy: the Reality of the Negative Absolute Temperatures
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Anghel Dragoş-Victor
2016-01-01
Full Text Available The second Tisza-Callen postulate of equilibrium thermodynamics states that for any system there exists a function of the system extensive parameters, called entropy, defined for all equilibrium states and having the property that the values assumed by the extensive parameters in the absence of a constraint are those that maximize the entropy over the manifold of constrained equilibrium states. Based on the thermodynamic evolution of systems which (in the Boltzmann description have positive and negative temperatures, we show that this postulate is satisfied by the Boltzmann formula for the entropy and may be violated by the Gibbs formula, therefore invalidating the later. Vice versa, if we assume, by reductio ad absurdum, that for some thermodynamic systems the equilibrium state is determined by the Gibbs’ prescription and not by Boltzmann’s, this implies that such systems have macroscopic fluctuations and therefore do not reach the thermodynamic equilibrium.
Higher-order wavelet reconstruction/differentiation filters and Gibbs phenomena
Lombardini, Richard; Acevedo, Ramiro; Kuczala, Alexander; Keys, Kerry P.; Goodrich, Carl P.; Johnson, Bruce R.
2016-01-01
An orthogonal wavelet basis is characterized by its approximation order, which relates to the ability of the basis to represent general smooth functions on a given scale. It is known, though perhaps not widely known, that there are ways of exceeding the approximation order, i.e., achieving higher-order error in the discretized wavelet transform and its inverse. The focus here is on the development of a practical formulation to accomplish this first for 1D smooth functions, then for 1D functions with discontinuities and then for multidimensional (here 2D) functions with discontinuities. It is shown how to transcend both the wavelet approximation order and the 2D Gibbs phenomenon in representing electromagnetic fields at discontinuous dielectric interfaces that do not simply follow the wavelet-basis grid.
CERN Technical Training 2005: IT3T - IT Technical Training Tutorials (Summer 2005)
Davide Vitè
2005-01-01
CERN Technical Training and the Internet Services group of the IT department (IT/IS) are jointly organizing a series of free tutorials, addressing some topics of common interest: the IT Technical Training Tutorials (IT3T). The next IT3T will be offered, in English, with the following schedule: IT3T/3 - Working remotely with Windows XP: June 28 (Michel Christaller) IT3T/4 - Editing Websites with FrontPage 2003: June 30 (Andreas Wagner) The IT Technical Training Tutorials will take place in the Training Centre Auditorium (building 593, room 11), from 14h30 to 15h30. The tutorials are free of charge, but separate registration to each is required. Participation to any of the tutorials is open: attendance to any tutorial is not a prerequisite to attend subsequent ones. If you are interested in attending, please discuss with your supervisor and/or your DTO, and apply electronically via EDH. Registered participants will be invited to each tutorial; attendance will be recorded in the personal training records. Mo...
CERN Technical Training 2005: IT3T - IT Technical Training Tutorials (Summer 2005)
Davide Vitè
2005-01-01
CERN Technical Training and the Internet Services group of the IT department (IT/IS) are jointly organizing a series of free tutorials, addressing some topics of common interest: the IT Technical Training Tutorials (IT3T). The next IT3T will be offered, in English, with the following schedule: IT3T/3 - Working remotely with Windows XP: June 28 (Michel Christaller) IT3T/4 - Editing Websites with FrontPage 2003: June 30 (Andreas Wagner) The IT Technical Training Tutorials will take place in the Training Centre Auditorium (building 593, room 11), from 14:30 to 15:30. The tutorials are free of charge, but separate registration to each is required. Participation to any of the tutorials is open: attendance to any tutorial is not a prerequisite to attend subsequent ones. If you are interested in attending, please discuss with your supervisor and/or your DTO, and apply electronically via EDH. Registered participants will be invited to each tutorial; attendance will be recorded in the personal training records. Mo...
A 'learning-by-doing' treatment planning tutorial for medical physicists.
Meyer, J; Hartmann, B; Kalet, I
2009-06-01
A framework for a tutorial for treatment planning in radiation oncology physics was developed, based on the University of Washington treatment planning system Prism. The tutorial is aimed at students in Medical Physics to accompany the lectures on treatment planning to enhance their theoretical knowledge. A web-based layout was chosen to allow independent work of the students. The tutorial guides the students through three different learning modules, designed mainly to enhance their understanding of the processes involved in treatment planning but also to learn the specific features of a modern treatment planning system. Each of the modules contains four units, with the aim to introduce the relevant Prism features, practice skills in different tasks and finally check the learning outcomes with a challenge and a self-scoring quiz. A survey for students' feedback completes the tutorial. Various tools and learning methods help to create an interactive, appealing learning environment, in which the emphasis is shifted from teacher-centred to student-centred learning paradigms. In summary, Prism lends itself well for educational purposes. The tutorial covers all main aspects of treatment planning. In its current form the tutorial is self-contained but still adjustable and expandable. The tutorial can be made available upon request to the authors.
Caregiver's satisfaction with a video tutorial for shoulder dystocia management algorithm.
Youssef, A; Salsi, G; Ragusa, A; Ghi, T; Pacella, G; Rizzo, N; Pilu, G
2015-01-01
In our questionnaire, a video tutorial illustrating the management of shoulder dystocia was considered by health personnel as a useful complementary training tool. We prepared a 5-min video tutorial on the management of shoulder dystocia, using a simulator that includes maternal pelvic and baby models. We performed a survey among obstetric personnel in order to assess their opinion on the tutorial by inviting them to watch the video tutorial and answer an online questionnaire. Five multiple-choice questions were set, focusing on the video's main objectives: clarity, simplicity and usefulness. Following the collection of answers, global and category-weighted analyses were conducted for each question. Out of 956 invitations sent, 482 (50.4%) answered the survey. More than 90% of all categories found the video tutorial to be clinically relevant and clear. For revising the management of shoulder dystocia most obstetric personnel would use the video tutorial together with traditional textbooks. In conclusion, our video tutorial was considered by health personnel as a useful complementary training tool.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Guodong Liu
2014-01-01
Full Text Available Soil drought, that can be enhanced by global warming increases ammonia (NH_{3} volatilization. This laboratory study was conducted with two soils: Krome Gravelly Loam (KGL from Florida and Warden Silt Loam (WSL from Washington State and two fertilizers: Ammonium sulfate [(NH_{4}_{2}SO_{4}] or ammonium nitrate (NH_{4}NO_{3}. Two water regimes including 20 and 80% Field Capacity (FC were used at 20°C which is the average temperature in the potato growing season in Washington State. The data demonstrated that variation in NH_{3} volatilization subject to different soil water regimes can be explained by changes in Gibbs free energy of Nitrogen (N fertilization in soils with varying water contents. The absolute values of Gibbs free energy of (NH_{4}_{2}SO_{4} or NH_{4}NO_{3} applied to soil at 20% FC soil water regime were 5-fold greater than at 80% FC. Accordingly, the equilibrium constant (K of deprotonation of ammonium ions in soil solutions at 20% FC was 3,000- or 50-fold greater than that at 80% FC for (NH_{4}_{2}SO_{4} or NH_{4}NO_{3}, respectively. Nitrogen loss via NH_{3} volatilization was 4-to 7-fold greater at 20% FC than that at 80% FC. This study suggests potential acceleration of NH_{3} volatilization from soils under drought. Therefore, optimal water management is critical to mitigate NH_{3} volatilization from agricultural soils.
Success of the Tutorial Program in Biochemistry at The Federal University of Vi
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
M.C. Baracat-Pereira
2004-05-01
Full Text Available Institutionalized at UFV in 2001, the Tutorial Program in Biochemistry aims to reduce the une-venness of basic prior knowledge among the students enrolled in regular Biochemistry courses. Thework methodology has been periodically evaluated and rened in order to overcome identied pro-blems. Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate the Tutorial Program based on the stu-dentsachievement, to show implemented modications and proposed alternatives to adjust methodo-logies. The student-nal-grades were obtained from UFV les. Questionnaires were applied to thePrograms students at the end of each semester. Suggestions and criticism from tutors and coordinatingprofessors were discussed at weekly meetings. Along six semesters (2001-2003, a leveling o of thetutorial students was observed with the attending students (S, minimum of 75% attendance, averagegrade 71.3 that got grades close to the average of no-tutorial students (average grade 71.5. For thetutorial students with attendance below the required minimum (N, the average grade was 58.8. Thefailure rate for grade S students (7.4% was lower then that for no-tutorial students (9.9% and forgrade N students (27.9%. Based on the lled out questionnaire from tutorial students, we observeas follows: 96.7% stated that it is eective to participate in the Program and 79.9% modied theirstudy approach. Among the modications implemented in the Program, are as folows: 1 Increase inthe number of tutorial groups (from 4 to 6; 2 Reduction in the number of volunteer-students, givingpriority to students with decient prior knowledge in pre-requisite-disciplines; and 3 Time reductionof tutorial sessions (from 3 to 2h weekly, with smaller groups and exercise classes. Thus, the observedmotivation, the leveling o and the lower failure rate of the S grade tutorial students indicated that theTutorial Program at UFV is improving and reaching its objectives.
PBL curriculum improves medical students' participation in small-group tutorials.
Wun, Y T; Tse, Eileen Y Y; Lam, T P; Lam, Cindy L K
2007-09-01
Group learning is the core of problem-based learning (PBL) but has not been extensively studied, especially in Asian students. This study compared students of PBL and non-PBL curricula in students' talking time and participation in small-group tutorials in a medical school in Asia. The proportions of student talking of 46 tutorials in three teaching rotations of the PBL curriculum and those of 43 corresponding tutorials in the non-PBL curriculum were counted. Twelve videotapes of tutorials (six from each curriculum), stratified for tutor, case scenario and students' learning stage, were randomly selected and transcribed. They were rated with the group-interaction (5 items) and active-participation (four items) tutorial assessment scales developed by Valle et al. These outcomes were compared between the students of PBL and non-PBL curricula. Students from the PBL curriculum talked significantly more. In only two (4.7%) of 43 tutorials in the non-PBL curriculum did the students talk more than the tutors; but students talked more than the tutors in 17 (37.0%) of 46 tutorials in the PBL curriculum. PBL students scored significantly higher than non-PBL students in all items except one item (respect to peers) of the tutorial assessment scales, and in the mean scores of both the group interaction scale (items 1-5) and the active participation scale (items 6-9). The results suggested that PBL starting from the early years of a medical curriculum was associated with more active student participation, interaction and collaboration in small-group tutorials.
Investigating and accounting for physics graduate students' tutorial classroom practice
Goertzen, Renee Michelle
Physics Education researchers have been working to understanding how students learn physics, which has led to the creation of a body of research-based curricula. It is equally important to study novice instructors, graduate teaching assistants (TAs), who often teach these students. The study of TAs has similarities to how students have been studied: it is important to identify what preconceptions they often enter the classroom with, what resources they may have that they could apply to their physics teaching, and how both the classroom environment and past experiences affect what they are doing in the classroom. Although TAs are responsible for a significant portion of students' instruction at many universities, science TAs and their teaching have not been the focus of any significant amount of study. This dissertation begins to fill this gap by examining physics graduate students who teach discussion sections for introductory courses using tutorials, which are guided worksheets completed by groups of students. While assisting students with their conceptual understanding of physics, TAs are also expected to convey classroom norms of constructing arguments and listening and responding to the reasoning of others. Physics graduate students enter into the role of tutorial TA having relative content expertise but minimal or no pedagogical expertise. This analysis contends that considering the broader influences on TAs can account for TA behavior. Observations from two institutions (University of Colorado, Boulder and University of Maryland, College Park) show that TAs have different valuations (or buy-in) of the tutorials they teach, which have specific, identifiable consequences in the classroom. These differences can be explained by differences in the TAs' different teaching environments. Next, I examine cases of a behavior shared by three TAs, in which they focus on relatively superficial indicators of knowledge. Because the beliefs that underlie their teaching
Online interactive tutorials for creating graphs with excel 2007 or 2010.
Vanselow, Nicholas R; Bourret, Jason C
2012-01-01
Graphic display of clinical data is a useful tool for the behavior-analytic clinician. However, graphs can sometimes be difficult to create. We describe how to access and use an online interactive tutorial that teaches the user to create a variety of graphs often used by behavior analysts. Three tutorials are provided that cover the basics of Microsoft Excel 2007 or 2010, creating graphs for clinical purposes, and creating graphs for research purposes. The uses for this interactive tutorial and other similar programs are discussed.
Evaluating the role of web-based tutorials in educational practice
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Moring, Camilla; Schreiber, Trine
The paper describes and discusses a two step analysis for evaluating web based information literacy tutorials in educational practice. In a recent evaluation project the authors used the analysis to examine three web based tutorials developed by three different academic libraries in Norway. Firstly...... of the analysis focuses on user reception and meaning negotiation. In combination the two different analyses strengthen the evaluation of how web-tutorials as communicative acts become meaningful to users, and how this meaning is negotiated in relation to an educational practice. This approach can be recommended...
A tutorial for understanding chemical reactivity through the valence bond approach.
Usharani, Dandamudi; Lai, Wenzhen; Li, Chunsen; Chen, Hui; Danovich, David; Shaik, Sason
2014-07-21
This is a tutorial on the usage of valence bond (VB) diagrams for understanding chemical reactivity in general, and hydrogen atom transfer (HAT) reactivity in particular. The tutorial instructs the reader how to construct the VB diagrams and how to estimate HAT barriers from raw data, starting with the simplest reaction H + H2 and going all the way to HAT in the enzyme cytochrome P450. Other reactions are treated as well, and some unifying principles are outlined. The tutorial projects the unity of reactivity treatments, following Coulson's dictum "give me insight, not numbers", albeit with its modern twist: giving numbers and insight.
The Internet, Images and Archaeology: ideas for interactive tutorials
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Pamela Wace
2002-09-01
Full Text Available This article reports on a small-scale study into how the Internet might be used for tutorial teaching in archaeology, which was undertaken by the authors as part of their project work for a Teaching Diploma at Oxford University. A workshop was developed to explore how the Internet and image-rich resources online could be exploited within the curriculum, and in turn what changes might need to be made to that curriculum in order to embed a critical, reflective approach to student learning. The practicalities of using the computer in the classroom were also investigated, in terms of available facilities, staff and student training, and the impact of computers on staff-student dynamics. Condron was also involved in a more extensive study of the use of C&IT (communication and information technologies in small-group teaching across a range of subjects (the ASTER project, to which the Oxford case studies have contributed.
A tutorial on testing the race model inequality
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Gondan, Matthias; Minakata, Katsumi
2016-01-01
, to faster responses to redundant signals. In contrast, coactivation models assume integrated processing of the combined stimuli. To distinguish between these two accounts, Miller (1982) derived the well-known race model inequality, which has become a routine test for behavioral data in experiments...... with redundant signals. In this tutorial, we review the basic properties of redundant signals experiments and current statistical procedures used to test the race model inequality during the period between 2011 and 2014. We highlight and discuss several issues concerning study design and the test of the race...... model inequality, such as inappropriate control of Type I error, insufficient statistical power, wrong treatment of omitted responses or anticipations and the interpretation of violations of the race model inequality. We make detailed recommendations on the design of redundant signals experiments...
Oracle support provides a range of new tutorials
2013-01-01
CERN IT-DB Group is pleased to announce a new series of Oracle tutorials, with the proposed schedule: Tuesday 23 April Introduction to Oracle & Tools (30-7-018 - Kjell Johnsen Auditorium) Tuesday 30 April Database Design & Security (30-7-018 - Kjell Johnsen Auditorium) Wednesday 8 May SQL (40-S2-C01 - Salle Curie) Tuesday 21 May PL/SQL (30-7-018 - Kjell Johnsen Auditorium) Monday 27 May Troubleshooting Performance (40-S2-C01 - Salle Curie) Wednesday 5 June Troubleshooting Performance - Case Studies (40-S2-C01 - Salle Curie) There is no need to register in advance. For more information, see the Indico agenda.
Tutorial on health economics and outcomes research in nutrition.
Philipson, Tomas; Linthicum, Mark T; Snider, Julia Thornton
2014-11-01
As healthcare costs climb around the world, public and private payers alike are demanding evidence of a treatment's value to support approval and reimbursement decisions. Health economics and outcomes research, or HEOR, offers tools to answer questions about a treatment's value, as well as its real-world effects and cost-effectiveness. Given that nutrition interventions have to compete for space in budgets along with biopharmaceutical products and devices, nutrition is now increasingly coming to be evaluated through HEOR. This tutorial introduces the discipline of HEOR and motivates its relevance for nutrition. We first define HEOR and explain its role and relevance in relation to randomized controlled trials. Common HEOR study types--including burden of illness, effectiveness studies, cost-effectiveness analysis, and valuation studies--are presented, with applications to nutrition. Tips for critically reading HEOR studies are provided, along with suggestions on how to use HEOR to improve patient care. Directions for future research are discussed.
Cold bosons in optical lattices: a tutorial for exact diagonalization
Raventós, David; Graß, Tobias; Lewenstein, Maciej; Juliá-Díaz, Bruno
2017-06-01
Exact diagonalization (ED) techniques are a powerful method for studying many-body problems. Here, we apply this method to systems of few bosons in an optical lattice, and use it to demonstrate the emergence of interesting quantum phenomena such as fragmentation and coherence. Starting with a standard Bose-Hubbard Hamiltonian, we first revise the characterisation of the superfluid to Mott insulator (MI) transitions. We then consider an inhomogeneous lattice, where one potential minimum is made much deeper than the others. The MI phase due to repulsive on-site interactions then competes with the trapping of all atoms in the deep potential. Finally, we turn our attention to attractively interacting systems, and discuss the appearance of strongly correlated phases and the onset of localisation for a slightly biased lattice. The article is intended to serve as a tutorial for ED of Bose-Hubbard models.
Tutorial on Reed-Solomon error correction coding
Geisel, William A.
1990-01-01
This tutorial attempts to provide a frank, step-by-step approach to Reed-Solomon (RS) error correction coding. RS encoding and RS decoding both with and without erasing code symbols are emphasized. There is no need to present rigorous proofs and extreme mathematical detail. Rather, the simple concepts of groups and fields, specifically Galois fields, are presented with a minimum of complexity. Before RS codes are presented, other block codes are presented as a technical introduction into coding. A primitive (15, 9) RS coding example is then completely developed from start to finish, demonstrating the encoding and decoding calculations and a derivation of the famous error-locator polynomial. The objective is to present practical information about Reed-Solomon coding in a manner such that it can be easily understood.
An Interactive Learning Tutorial on Quantum Key Distribution
DeVore, Seth
2016-01-01
We describe the development and evaluation of a Quantum Interactive Learning Tutorial (QuILT) on quantum key distribution, a context which involves an exciting application of quantum mechanics. The protocol used in the QuILT described here uses single photons with non-orthogonal polarization states to generate a random shared key over a public channel for encrypting and decrypting information. The QuILT helps upper-level undergraduate students learn quantum mechanics using a simple two state system. It actively engages students in the learning process and helps them build links between the formalism and the conceptual aspects of quantum physics without compromising the technical content. The evaluations suggest that the QuILT is helpful in improving students' understanding of relevant concepts.
Development of an interactive tutorial on quantum key distribution
DeVore, Seth
2016-01-01
We describe the development of a Quantum Interactive Learning Tutorial (QuILT) on quantum key distribution, a context which involves a practical application of quantum mechanics. The QuILT helps upper-level undergraduate students learn quantum mechanics using a simple two state system and was developed based upon the findings of cognitive research and physics education research. One protocol used in the QuILT involves generating a random shared key over a public channel for encrypting and decrypting information using single photons with non-orthogonal polarization states, and another protocol makes use of two entangled spin-1/2 particles. The QuILT uses a guided approach and focuses on helping students build links between the formalism and conceptual aspects of quantum physics without compromising the technical content. We also discuss findings from a preliminary in-class evaluation.
TUTORIAL: An introduction to cell motility for the physical scientist
Fletcher, Daniel A.; Theriot, Julie A.
2004-03-01
Directed, purposeful movement is one of the qualities that we most closely associate with living organisms, and essentially all known forms of life on this planet exhibit some type of self-generated movement or motility. Even organisms that remain sessile most of the time, like flowering plants and trees, are quite busy at the cellular level, with large organelles, including chloroplasts, constantly racing around within cellular boundaries. Directed biological movement requires that the cell be able to convert its abundant stores of chemical energy into mechanical energy. Understanding how this mechanochemical energy transduction takes place and understanding how small biological forces generated at the molecular level are marshaled and organized for large-scale cellular or organismal movements are the focus of the field of cell motility. This tutorial, aimed at readers with a background in physical sciences, surveys the state of current knowledge and recent advances in modeling cell motility.
INFORMATION AND COMPLEXITY IN CONTROL SYSTEMS: A TUTORIAL
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
WANG Leyi
2001-01-01
This is a tutorial paper which presents schematically theconcepts of information, uncertainty, and complexity, and their relationships in their applications to control systems. By focusing on exact or lower bounds on achievable performance in the presence of uncertainties, studies of complexity in a control system can potentially reveal fundamentally limiting factors of the system, suggest beneficial modifications to system structures and hardware configurations to remove these limitations, provide benchmark values for evaluating a design and for quantifying rooms for performance improvement, and demonstrate intrinsic tradeoffs. Compared to its counterparts in communications (Shannon's information theory), computations (computational complexity and information-based complexity), and approximations (n-widths and Kolmogorov entropy), studies of information and complexity in control systems encounter further challenges, such as characterization of feedback robustness, interaction between identification and control, and co-existence of deterministic and stochastic uncertainties. Some of these issues are outlined and discussed.
Speech rate treatments for individuals with dysarthria: a tutorial.
Blanchet, Paul G; Snyder, Gregory J
2010-06-01
Research confirms the long-standing clinical observation that patients with dysarthria exhibit variability in speech rate. Thus, modifying speech rate has been documented as one of the best treatment options for these patients. In this tutorial, several published rate control interventions for dysarthric speakers are presented. Studies discussed utilized various interventions, including pacing boards, alphabet board supplementation, visual and auditory feedback, cueing and pacing strategies, and delayed auditory feedback. Interventions discussed represent a hierarchy from "rigid" strategies, which impose maximal rate control, to techniques allowing for greater speech naturalness and independent rate control. All procedures are examined with respect to effectiveness in reducing rate, effect on intelligibility and prosody, training requirements, specific alterations made to speech rate, and other relevant aspects.
Tutorial on agent-based modeling and simulation.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Macal, C. M.; North, M. J.; Decision and Information Sciences
2005-01-01
Agent-based modeling and simulation (ABMS) is a new approach to modeling systems comprised of autonomous, interacting agents. ABMS promises to have far-reaching effects on the way that businesses use computers to support decision-making and researchers use electronic laboratories to support their research. Some have gone so far as to contend that ABMS is a third way of doing science besides deductive and inductive reasoning. Computational advances have made possible a growing number of agent-based applications in a variety of fields. Applications range from modeling agent behavior in the stock market and supply chains, to predicting the spread of epidemics and the threat of bio-warfare, from modeling consumer behavior to understanding the fall of ancient civilizations, to name a few. This tutorial describes the theoretical and practical foundations of ABMS, identifies toolkits and methods for developing ABMS models, and provides some thoughts on the relationship between ABMS and traditional modeling techniques.
A Tutorial on Parallel and Concurrent Programming in Haskell
Peyton Jones, Simon; Singh, Satnam
This practical tutorial introduces the features available in Haskell for writing parallel and concurrent programs. We first describe how to write semi-explicit parallel programs by using annotations to express opportunities for parallelism and to help control the granularity of parallelism for effective execution on modern operating systems and processors. We then describe the mechanisms provided by Haskell for writing explicitly parallel programs with a focus on the use of software transactional memory to help share information between threads. Finally, we show how nested data parallelism can be used to write deterministically parallel programs which allows programmers to use rich data types in data parallel programs which are automatically transformed into flat data parallel versions for efficient execution on multi-core processors.
Space Telecommunications Radio System (STRS) Architecture. Part 1; Tutorial - Overview
Handler, Louis M.; Briones, Janette C.; Mortensen, Dale J.; Reinhart, Richard C.
2012-01-01
Space Telecommunications Radio System (STRS) Architecture Standard provides a NASA standard for software-defined radio. STRS is being demonstrated in the Space Communications and Navigation (SCaN) Testbed formerly known as Communications, Navigation and Networking Configurable Testbed (CoNNeCT). Ground station radios communicating the SCaN testbed are also being written to comply with the STRS architecture. The STRS Architecture Tutorial Overview presents a general introduction to the STRS architecture standard developed at the NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC), addresses frequently asked questions, and clarifies methods of implementing the standard. The STRS architecture should be used as a base for many of NASA s future telecommunications technologies. The presentation will provide a basic understanding of STRS.
Gary, Ronald K.
2004-01-01
The concentration dependence of (delta)S term in the Gibbs free energy function is described in relation to its application to reversible reactions in biochemistry. An intuitive and non-mathematical argument for the concentration dependence of the (delta)S term in the Gibbs free energy equation is derived and the applicability of the equation to…
Plyasunov, Andrey V.; Shock, Everett L.
2000-08-01
Experimental results of phase equilibria studies at elevated temperatures for more than twenty hydrocarbon-water systems were uniformly correlated within the framework of the Peng-Robinson-Stryjek-Vera equation of state in combination with simple mixing rules. This treatment allows evaluation of the Gibbs energy of hydration for many alkanes, 1-alkenes, cycloalkanes (derivatives of cyclohexane) and alkylbenzenes up to 623 K at saturated water vapor pressure and up to 573 K at 50 MPa. Results for homologous series show regular changes with increasing carbon number, and confirm the applicability of the group contribution approach to the Gibbs energy of hydration of hydrocarbons at elevated temperatures. The temperature dependence of group contributions to the Gibbs energy of hydration were determined for CH 3, CH 2, and CH in aliphatic hydrocarbons; C=C and H for alkenes; c-CH 2 and c-CH in cycloalkanes; and CH ar and C ar in alkylbenzenes (or aromatic hydrocarbons). Close agreement between calculated and experimental results suggests that this approach provides reasonable estimates of Gibbs energy of hydration for many alkanes, 1-alkenes, alkyl cyclohexanes and alkylbenzenes at temperatures up to 623 K and pressures up to 50 MPa.
Luetich, J J
2001-01-01
A comparison of three methods to write the Gibbs energy: the algebraic procedure to obtain the transformed composition variables introduced by Barbosa and Doherty, the classical non-stoichiometric formulation discussed by Smith and Missen, and the use of Legendre transformations suggested by Alberty. This paper is the second member of a tetralogy conceived to give insight into the concept of microscopic reversibility.
Hoijtink, H; Molenaar, IW
1997-01-01
In this paper it will be shown that a certain class of constrained latent class models may be interpreted as a special case of nonparametric multidimensional item response models. The parameters of this latent class model will be estimated using an application of the Gibbs sampler. It will be illust
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Ulstrup, Jens
1999-01-01
We discuss a simple model for the environmental reorganisation Gibbs free energy, E-r, in electron transfer between a metalloprotein and a small reaction partner. The protein is represented as a dielectric globule with low dielectric constant, the metal centres as conducting spheres, all embedded...
Partial Least Squares tutorial for analyzing neuroimaging data
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Patricia Van Roon
2014-09-01
Full Text Available Partial least squares (PLS has become a respected and meaningful soft modeling analysis technique that can be applied to very large datasets where the number of factors or variables is greater than the number of observations. Current biometric studies (e.g., eye movements, EKG, body movements, EEG are often of this nature. PLS eliminates the multiple linear regression issues of over-fitting data by finding a few underlying or latent variables (factors that account for most of the variation in the data. In real-world applications, where linear models do not always apply, PLS can model the non-linear relationship well. This tutorial introduces two PLS methods, PLS Correlation (PLSC and PLS Regression (PLSR and their applications in data analysis which are illustrated with neuroimaging examples. Both methods provide straightforward and comprehensible techniques for determining and modeling relationships between two multivariate data blocks by finding latent variables that best describes the relationships. In the examples, the PLSC will analyze the relationship between neuroimaging data such as Event-Related Potential (ERP amplitude averages from different locations on the scalp with their corresponding behavioural data. Using the same data, the PLSR will be used to model the relationship between neuroimaging and behavioural data. This model will be able to predict future behaviour solely from available neuroimaging data. To find latent variables, Singular Value Decomposition (SVD for PLSC and Non-linear Iterative PArtial Least Squares (NIPALS for PLSR are implemented in this tutorial. SVD decomposes the large data block into three manageable matrices containing a diagonal set of singular values, as well as left and right singular vectors. For PLSR, NIPALS algorithms are used because it provides amore precise estimation of the latent variables. Mathematica notebooks are provided for each PLS method with clearly labeled sections and subsections. The
Student-Led Objective Tutorial (SLOT) in Medical Education.
Sivagnanam, Gurusamy; Saraswathi, Simansalam; Rajasekaran, Aiyalu
2006-12-01
Purpose - To assess an innovative tutoring program named 'Student-Led Objective Tutorial' (SLOT) among undergraduate medical students. Method - The program was conceptualized by the Pharmacology Unit of Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Asian Institute of Medicine Science & Technology (AIMST), Malaysia and implemented in the middle of 2005. A cohort of 246 medical undergraduate students (spread across 5 consecutive batches) participated. Following a brief explanation on the purpose and nature of SLOT, each batch was divided into small groups and was given a reading assignment on 4 previously delivered lecture topics. Each group was asked to prepare 3-5 multiple choice questions (MCQs) of their own in PowerPoint format to be presented, in turns, to the whole class on the day of SLOT. The proceedings were facilitated by 2 lecturers. Student feedback on the efficacy and benefits were assessed through an anonymous self administered questionnaire. Results - About 76% (188) of the students favored SLOT. The acceptance rate of SLOT was higher among males. There was no significant difference between batches in their opinions on whether to pursue SLOT in future. The most prevalent positive comment was that SLOT enhanced learning skills, and the negative comment being, it consumed more time. Conclusions - SLOT is a novel tutorial method which can offset faculty shortage with advantages like enhanced interest among teachers and learners, uniform reach of content, opportunities for group learning, and involvement of visual aids as teaching-learning (T-L) method. SLOT unraveled the students' potential of peer tutoring both inside as well as outside the classroom. Consumer tutors (students) can be tapped as a resource for SLOT for all subjects and courses in healthcare teaching.
Student-led objective tutorials in Pharmacology: An interventional study.
Sukhlecha, Anupama; Jadav, Shilpa P; Gosai, Tushar R; Balusamy, Divakar
2016-10-01
Students learn in a better way if they are involved in active learning. Hence, the study was designed to introduce student-led objective tutorials (SLOTs) as an alternative to conventional tutorials (CTs) in pharmacology and to compare SLOT and CT on outcomes such as improved score in tests, active involvement of students, and faculty requirement of each. Didactic lectures taken on a topic in pharmacology were followed by a preintervention test for a batch of the 2(nd) year medical undergraduates. They were allotted either in SLOT or CT group. For a SLOT session, students of Group A (interventional group) were divided into teams and each team prepared five multiple choice questions on the given topic in PowerPoint format, which were presented to other teams and audience. The proceedings were facilitated by two lecturers. Group B undertook CT (controls). A postintervention test was then taken for both groups. Feedback was sought from students and teachers on SLOT. The total marks for the test were 20. The mean marks in Group A improved by 31% (from 5.1 to 11.2). In Group B, they improved by 11% (from 5 to 7.2). Academic performance following SLOT was better than CT. Students (63%) favored SLOT as it stimulated their interest in the topic, improved self-learning skills, and teamwork. The teachers also favored SLOT for similar reasons. SLOT leads to greater satisfaction and better performance in tests. SLOT is an effective alternative to CT to promote active learning among students through group work. It helps overcome the logistic difficulties due to faculty shortage.
Learning in the tutorial group: a balance between individual freedom and institutional control.
McAllister, Anita; Aanstoot, Janna; Hammarström, Inger Lundeborg; Samuelsson, Christina; Johannesson, Eva; Sandström, Karin; Berglind, Ulrika
2014-01-01
The study investigates factors in problem-based learning tutorial groups which promote or inhibit learning. The informants were tutors and students from speech-language pathology and physiotherapy programmes. Semi-structured focus-group interviews and individual interviews were used. Results revealed three themes: Responsibility. Time and Support. Under responsibility, the delicate balance between individual and institutional responsibility and control was shown. Time included short and long-term perspectives on learning. Under support, supporting documents, activities and personnel resources were mentioned. In summary, an increased control by the program and tutors decreases student's motivation to assume responsibility for learning. Support in tutorial groups needs to adapt to student progression and to be well aligned to tutorial work to have the intended effect. A lifelong learning perspective may help students develop a meta-awareness regarding learning that could make tutorial work more meaningful.
LENUS (Irish Health Repository)
Kearney, H
2016-07-01
The aim of this audit was to determine the effectiveness of large group tutorials for teaching neurology to medical students. Students were asked to complete a questionnaire rating their confidence on a ten point Likert scale in a number of domains in the undergraduate education guidelines from the Association of British Neurologists (ABN). We then arranged a series of interactive large group tutorials for the class and repeated the questionnaire one month after teaching. In the three core domains of neurological: history taking, examination and differential diagnosis, none of the students rated their confidence as nine or ten out of ten prior to teaching. This increased to 6% for history taking, 12 % in examination and 25% for differential diagnosis after eight weeks of tutorials. This audit demonstrates that in our centre, large group tutorials were an effective means of teaching, as measured by the ABN guidelines in undergraduate neurology.
El conocimiento en acceso abierto en los planes de accion tutorial de las universidades espanolas
National Research Council Canada - National Science Library
Hernandez-Ruiz, Alejandra; Campillo-Alhama, Conchi; Alvarez-Teruel, Jose Daniel
2012-01-01
.... Para satisfacer y cumplir los derechos y los deberes de alumnos y profesores, en materia de accion tutorial, el sistema educativo espanol planifica las actividades de orientacion y asesoramiento al...
CdTe Thin Film Solar Cells and Modules Tutorial; NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Albin, David S.
2015-06-13
This is a tutorial presented at the 42nd IEEE Photovoltaics Specialists Conference to cover the introduction, background, and updates on CdTe cell and module technology, including CdTe cell and module structure and fabrication.
El conocimiento en acceso abierto en los planes de accion tutorial de las Universidades Espanolas
National Research Council Canada - National Science Library
Hernandez-Ruiz, Alejandra; Campillo-Alhama, Conchi; Alvarez-Teruel, Jose Daniel
2012-01-01
.... Para satisfacer y cumplir los derechos y los deberes de alumnos y profesores, en materia de accion tutorial, el sistema educativo espanol planifica las actividades de orientacion y asesoramiento al...
Using the tutorial approach to improve physics learning from introductory to graduate level
DeVore, Seth
In this thesis, I discuss the development and evaluation of tutorials ranging from introductory to graduate level. Tutorials were developed based upon research on student difficulties in learning relevant concepts and findings of cognitive research. Tutorials are a valuable resource when used either in-class or as a self-study tool. They strive to help students develop a robust knowledge structure of relevant topics and improve their problem solving skills. I discuss the development of a tutorial on the Lock-in amplifier (LIA) for use as both an on-ramp to ease the transition of students entering into the research lab and to improve student understanding of the operation of the LIA for those already making use of this device. The effectiveness of this tutorial was evaluated using think aloud interviews with graduate students possessing a wide range of experience with the LIA and the findings were uniformly positive. I also describe the development and evaluation of a Quantum Interactive Learning Tutorial (QuILT) that focuses on quantum key distribution using two protocols for secure key distribution. One protocol used in the first part of the QuILT is administered to students working collaboratively in class while the second protocol used in the second part of the QuILT was administered as homework. Evaluation of student understanding of the two protocols used in this QuILT shows that it was effective at improving student understanding both immediately after working on the QuILT and two months later. Finally, I discuss the development and evaluation of four web-based tutorials focusing on quantitative problem solving intended to aid introductory students in the learning of effective problem-solving heuristics while helping them learn physics concepts. Findings suggest that while these tutorials are effective when administered in one-on-one think-aloud interviews, this effectiveness is greatly diminished when students are asked to use the tutorials as a self
Share and Share Alike: Barriers and Solutions to Tutorial Creation and Management
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Anne-Marie Deitering
2012-04-01
Full Text Available Using data gathered in a nationwide survey, we found the most important barriers to tutorial creation for instruction librarians are time and technological expertise. Drawing on our experience extending the content management system used to build class pages and subject guides, we suggest using a content management system, like Library à la Carte, or LibGuides to build tutorials suggests a path around these common barriers.
Biology and Nursing Students’ Perceptions of a Web-based Information Literacy Tutorial
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Sharon Weiner
2012-04-01
Full Text Available This study assessed student perceptions about an online information literacy tutorial, CORE (Comprehensive Online Research Education, to plan for the next generation of tutorials. The CORE tutorial includes seven modules: “Planning Your Project,” “Topic Exploration,” “Types of Information,” “Search Tools,” “Search Strategies,” “Evaluating Sources,” and “Copyright, Plagiarism, and Citing Sources.” First-year students in biology and nursing courses responded to a survey after they completed the CORE modules. The students liked learning through an online tutorial. They thought that the tutorial could be improved with shorter modules and the addition of video and audio content. Few students reported learning important information from the “Copyright, Plagiarism, and Citing Sources,” “Evaluating Resources,” and “Types of Information” modules. They suggested topics for additional tutorials: how to use library databases and Microsoft Excel; how to evaluate the quality of information, how to cite references in a bibliography, and how to find statistics.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Adeng Slamet
2015-03-01
Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk membandingkan model perkuliahan fisiologi hewan yang diharapkan mampu membekali kemampuan rekonstruksi konsep bagi mahasiswa calon guru biologi. Strategi perkuliahan ditempuh melalui implementasi model tutorial berbasis komputer. Sebanyak 80 orang mahasiswa S1 calon guru biologi dibagi ke dalam dua kelompok, 41 mahasiswa mengikuti perkuliahan model tutorial komputer, dan 39 mahasiswa mengikuti perkuliahan konvensional. Kemampuan rekonstruksi konsep diukur dengan membandingkan skor sebelum pembelajaran (pretes dengan setelah implementasi model (postes di antara kedua kelompok belajar. Selain itu, untuk mengungkap pandangan mahasiswa mengenai pengalaman belajarnya, seperangkat angket disebarkan kepada mahasiswa yang mengikuti model perkuliahan. Efektivitas program perkuliahan dievaluasi dengan tes tertulis bentuk respon terbatas pada mahasiswa yang mengikuti program perkuliahan model tutorial komputer dibandingkan dengan mahasiswa dari kelompok konvensional. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan secara keseluruhan terjadi peningkatan kemampuan rekonstruksi konsep pada kedua kelompok belajar, namun mahasiswa yang mengikuti perkuliahan model tutorial berbasis komputer menunjukkan peningkatan yang lebih tinggi dibandingkan kelompok mahasiswa peserta perkuliahan konvensional. Mahasiswa menanggapi positif implementasi model tutorial berbasis komputer dalam perkuliahan fisiologi hewan. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa penerapan model tutorial berbasis komputer pada penelitian ini dinyatakan lebih efektif dan mampu membekali mahasiwa calon guru biologi dalam meningkatkan kemampuan rekonstruksi konsep.
CERN Technical Training 2005: IT3T - IT Technical Training Tutorials (Summer 2005)
Davide Vitè
2005-01-01
CERN Technical Training and the Internet Services group of the IT department (IT/IS) are jointly organizing a series of free tutorials, addressing some topics of common interest: the IT Technical Training Tutorials (IT3T). The first IT3T will be offered in June 2005, in English, with the following schedule: IT3T/1 - Read your mail and more with Outlook 2003: June 14 (Ruben Gaspar) IT3T/2 - Creating, managing and using distribution lists with Simba2: June 16 (Ruben Leivas) IT3T/3 - Working remotely with Windows XP: June 28 (Michel Christaller) IT3T/4 - Editing Websites with FrontPage 2003: June 30 (Andreas Wagner) All IT Technical Training Tutorials will take place in the Training Centre Auditorium (building 593, room 11), from 14h30 to 15h30. The tutorials are free of charge, but separate registration to each is required. Participation to any of the tutorials is open: attendance to any tutorial is not a prerequisite to attend subsequent ones. If you are interested in attending, please discuss with your sup...
Simulating the Generalized Gibbs Ensemble (GGE): A Hilbert space Monte Carlo approach
Alba, Vincenzo
By combining classical Monte Carlo and Bethe ansatz techniques we devise a numerical method to construct the Truncated Generalized Gibbs Ensemble (TGGE) for the spin-1/2 isotropic Heisenberg (XXX) chain. The key idea is to sample the Hilbert space of the model with the appropriate GGE probability measure. The method can be extended to other integrable systems, such as the Lieb-Liniger model. We benchmark the approach focusing on GGE expectation values of several local observables. As finite-size effects decay exponentially with system size, moderately large chains are sufficient to extract thermodynamic quantities. The Monte Carlo results are in agreement with both the Thermodynamic Bethe Ansatz (TBA) and the Quantum Transfer Matrix approach (QTM). Remarkably, it is possible to extract in a simple way the steady-state Bethe-Gaudin-Takahashi (BGT) roots distributions, which encode complete information about the GGE expectation values in the thermodynamic limit. Finally, it is straightforward to simulate extensions of the GGE, in which, besides the local integral of motion (local charges), one includes arbitrary functions of the BGT roots. As an example, we include in the GGE the first non-trivial quasi-local integral of motion.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Felmy, A.R.
1990-04-01
This document is a user's manual and technical reference for the computerized chemical equilibrium model GMIN. GMIN calculates the chemical composition of systems composed of pure solid phases, solid-solution phases, gas phases, adsorbed phases, and the aqueous phase. In the aqueous phase model, the excess solution free energy is modeled by using the equations developed by PITZER and his coworkers, which are valid to high ionic strengths. The Davies equation can also be used. Activity coefficients for nonideal soild-solution phases are calculated using parameters of polynomial expansion in mole fraction of the excess free energy of mixing. The free energy of adsorbed phase species is described by the triple-layer site-binding model. The mathematical algorithm incorporated into GMIN is based upon a constrained minimization of the Gibbs free energy. This algorithm is numerically stable and reliably converges to a free energy minimum. The data base for GMIN contains all standard chemical potentials and Pitzer ion-interaction parameters necessary to model the system Na-K-Ca-Mg-H-Cl-SO{sub 4}-CO{sub 2}-B(OH){sub 4}-H{sub 2}0 at 25{degrees}C.
Zhang, Zhigang; Duan, Zhenhao
2002-10-01
A new technique of temperature scaling method combined with the conventional Gibbs Ensemble Monte Carlo simulation was used to study liquid-vapor phase equilibria of the methane-ethane (CH 4-C 2H 6) system. With this efficient method, a new set of united-atom Lennard-Jones potential parameters for pure C 2H 6 was found to be more accurate than those of previous models in the prediction of phase equilibria. Using the optimized potentials for liquid simulations (OPLS) potential for CH 4 and the potential of this study for C 2H 6, together with a simple mixing rule, we simulated the equilibrium compositions and densities of the CH 4-C 2H 6 mixtures with accuracy close to experiments. The simulated data are supplements to experiments, and may cover a larger temperature-pressure-composition space than experiments. Compared with some well-established equations of state such as Peng-Robinson equation of state (PR-EQS), the simulated results are found to be closer to experiments, at least in some temperature and pressure ranges.
A new Gibbs sampling based algorithm for Bayesian model updating with incomplete complex modal data
Cheung, Sai Hung; Bansal, Sahil
2017-08-01
Model updating using measured system dynamic response has a wide range of applications in system response evaluation and control, health monitoring, or reliability and risk assessment. In this paper, we are interested in model updating of a linear dynamic system with non-classical damping based on incomplete modal data including modal frequencies, damping ratios and partial complex mode shapes of some of the dominant modes. In the proposed algorithm, the identification model is based on a linear structural model where the mass and stiffness matrix are represented as a linear sum of contribution of the corresponding mass and stiffness matrices from the individual prescribed substructures, and the damping matrix is represented as a sum of individual substructures in the case of viscous damping, in terms of mass and stiffness matrices in the case of Rayleigh damping or a combination of the former. To quantify the uncertainties and plausibility of the model parameters, a Bayesian approach is developed. A new Gibbs-sampling based algorithm is proposed that allows for an efficient update of the probability distribution of the model parameters. In addition to the model parameters, the probability distribution of complete mode shapes is also updated. Convergence issues and numerical issues arising in the case of high-dimensionality of the problem are addressed and solutions to tackle these problems are proposed. The effectiveness and efficiency of the proposed method are illustrated by numerical examples with complex modes.
Cosmological parameter constraints via Gibbs sampling and the Blackwell-Rao estimator
Chu, I.-Wen Mike
We study the Blackwell-Rao (BR) estimator of the probability distribution of the angular power spectrum, P ( C [cursive l] | d ), generated via Gibbs sampling of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) data. From simulated samples of full-sky no-noise CMB maps, we find the estimator to be very fast and also highly accurate. We also find that the number of samples required for convergence of the BR estimate rises rapidly with increasing [cursive l], at least at low [cursive l]. Our existing sample chains as applied to the Wilkinson Microwave Anistropy Probe (WMAP) data are only long enough to achieve convergence at [cursive l] [Special characters omitted.] 40. In comparison with P ( C [cursive l] | d ) as reported by the WMAP team we find significant differences at these low [cursive l] values. These differences lead to up to ~ 0.5 s shifts in the estimates of parameters in a 7-parameter LCDM model with non-zero d n s /d ln k , the running in the spectral index. Fixing d n s /dln k = 0 makes these shifts much less significant. Unlike existing analytic approximations, the BR estimator can be straightforwardly extended for the case of power spectra from correlated fields, such as temperature and polarization. We discuss challenges to extending the procedure to higher [cursive l] and provide some solutions.
Controlling the Gibbs phenomenon in noisy deconvolution of irregular multivariable input signals
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Kumari Chandrawansa
2000-01-01
Full Text Available An example of inverse estimation of irregular multivariable signals is provided by picture restoration. Pictures typically have sharp edges and therefore will be modeled by functions with discontinuities, and they could be blurred by motion. Mathematically, this means that we actually observe the convolution of the irregular function representing the picture with a spread function. Since these observations will contain measurement errors, statistical aspects will be pertinent. Traditional recovery is corrupted by the Gibbs phenomenon (i.e., overshooting near the edges, just as in the case of direct approximations. In order to eliminate these undesirable effects, we introduce an integral Cesàro mean in the inversion procedure, leading to multivariable Fejér kernels. Integral metrics are not sufficiently sensitive to properly assess the quality of the resulting estimators. Therefore, the performance of the estimators is studied in the Hausdorff metric, and a speed of convergence of the Hausdorff distance between the graph of the input signal and its estimator is obtained.
Study of Phase Equilibria of Petrochemical Fluids using Gibbs Ensemble Monte Carlo Methods
Nath, Shyamal
2001-03-01
Knowledge of phase behavior of hydrocarbons and related compounds are highly of interest to chemical and petrochemical industries. For example, design of processes such as supercritical fluid extraction, petroleum refining, enhanced oil recovery, gas treatment, and fractionation of wax products. A precise knowledge of the phase equilibria of alkanes, alkenes and related compounds and their mixtures are required for efficient design of these processes. Experimental studies to understand the related phase equilibria often become unsuitable for various reasons. With the advancement of simulation technology, molecular simulations could provide a useful complement and alternative in the study and description of phase behavior of these systems. In this work we study vapor-liquid phase equilibria of pure hydrocarbons and their mixtures using Gibbs ensemble simulation. Insertion of long and articulated chain molecules are facilitated in our simulations by means of configurational bias and expanded ensemble methods. We use the newly developed NERD force field in our simulation. In this work NERD force field is extended to provide coverage for hydrocarbons with any arbitrary architecture. Our simulation results provide excellent quantitative agreement with available experimental phase equilibria data for both the pure components and mixtures.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Wanwan Tang
2009-05-01
Full Text Available The detection of epistatic interactive effects of multiple genetic variants on the susceptibility of human complex diseases is a great challenge in genome-wide association studies (GWAS. Although methods have been proposed to identify such interactions, the lack of an explicit definition of epistatic effects, together with computational difficulties, makes the development of new methods indispensable. In this paper, we introduce epistatic modules to describe epistatic interactive effects of multiple loci on diseases. On the basis of this notion, we put forward a Bayesian marker partition model to explain observed case-control data, and we develop a Gibbs sampling strategy to facilitate the detection of epistatic modules. Comparisons of the proposed approach with three existing methods on seven simulated disease models demonstrate the superior performance of our approach. When applied to a genome-wide case-control data set for Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD, the proposed approach successfully identifies two known susceptible loci and suggests that a combination of two other loci -- one in the gene SGCD and the other in SCAPER -- is associated with the disease. Further functional analysis supports the speculation that the interaction of these two genetic variants may be responsible for the susceptibility of AMD. When applied to a genome-wide case-control data set for Parkinson's disease, the proposed method identifies seven suspicious loci that may contribute independently to the disease.
Rigorous Proof of the Boltzmann-Gibbs Distribution of Money on Connected Graphs
Lanchier, Nicolas
2017-04-01
Models in econophysics, i.e., the emerging field of statistical physics that applies the main concepts of traditional physics to economics, typically consist of large systems of economic agents who are characterized by the amount of money they have. In the simplest model, at each time step, one agent gives one dollar to another agent, with both agents being chosen independently and uniformly at random from the system. Numerical simulations of this model suggest that, at least when the number of agents and the average amount of money per agent are large, the distribution of money converges to an exponential distribution reminiscent of the Boltzmann-Gibbs distribution of energy in physics. The main objective of this paper is to give a rigorous proof of this result and show that the convergence to the exponential distribution holds more generally when the economic agents are located on the vertices of a connected graph and interact locally with their neighbors rather than globally with all the other agents. We also study a closely related model where, at each time step, agents buy with a probability proportional to the amount of money they have, and prove that in this case the limiting distribution of money is Poissonian.
Symmetrization of excess Gibbs free energy: A simple model for binary liquid mixtures
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Castellanos-Suarez, Aly J., E-mail: acastell@ivic.gob.v [Centro de Estudios Interdisciplinarios de la Fisica (CEIF), Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Cientificas (IVIC), Apartado 21827, Caracas 1020A (Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of); Garcia-Sucre, Maximo, E-mail: mgs@ivic.gob.v [Centro de Estudios Interdisciplinarios de la Fisica (CEIF), Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Cientificas (IVIC), Apartado 21827, Caracas 1020A (Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of)
2011-03-15
A symmetric expression for the excess Gibbs free energy of liquid binary mixtures is obtained using an appropriate definition for the effective contact fraction. We have identified a mechanism of local segregation as the main cause of the contact fraction variation with the concentration. Starting from this mechanism we develop a simple model for describing binary liquid mixtures. In this model two parameters appear: one adjustable, and the other parameter depending on the first one. Following this procedure we reproduce the experimental data of (liquid + vapor) equilibrium with a degree of accuracy comparable to well-known more elaborated models. The way in which we take into account the effective contacts between molecules allows identifying the compound which may be considered to induce one of the following processes: segregation, anti-segregation and dispersion of the components in the liquid mixture. Finally, the simplicity of the model allows one to obtain only one resulting interaction energy parameter, which makes easier the physical interpretation of the results.
Sublimation-Driven Activity in Main-Belt Comet 313P/Gibbs
Hsieh, Henry H; Novakovic, Bojan; Bolin, Bryce; Denneau, Larry; Fitzsimmons, Alan; Haghighipour, Nader; Kleyna, Jan; Kokotanekova, Rosita; Lacerda, Pedro; Meech, Karen J; Micheli, Marco; Moskovitz, Nick; Schunova, Eva; Snodgrass, Colin; Wainscoat, Richard J; Wasserman, Lawrence; Waszczak, Adam
2015-01-01
We present an observational and dynamical study of newly discovered main-belt comet 313P/Gibbs. We find that the object is clearly active both in observations obtained in 2014 and in precovery observations obtained in 2003 by the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, strongly suggesting that its activity is sublimation-driven. This conclusion is supported by a photometric analysis showing an increase in the total brightness of the comet over the 2014 observing period, and dust modeling results showing that the dust emission persists over at least three months during both active periods, where we find start dates for emission no later than 2003 July 24+/-10 for the 2003 active period and 2014 July 28+/-10 for the 2014 active period. From serendipitous observations by the Subaru Telescope in 2004 when the object was apparently inactive, we estimate that the nucleus has an absolute R-band magnitude of H_R=17.1+/-0.3, corresponding to an effective nucleus radius of r_e~1.00+/-0.15 km. The object's faintness at that time mean...
ON THE DUST ENVIRONMENT OF MAIN-BELT COMET 313 P/Gibbs
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Pozuelos, F. J.; Moreno, F. [Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía, CSIC, Glorieta de la Astronomía s/n, E-18008 Granada (Spain); Cabrera-Lavers, A.; Licandro, J., E-mail: pozuelos@iaa.es [Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, c/Vía Láctea s/n, E-38200 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain)
2015-06-10
We present observations carried out using the 10.4 m Gran Telescopio Canarias and an interpretative model of the dust environment of activated asteroid 313 P/Gibbs. We discuss three different models relating to different values of the dust parameters, i.e., dust loss rate, maximum and minimum sizes of particles, power index of the size distribution, and emission pattern. The best model corresponds to an isotropic emission of particles which started on August 1. The sizes of grains were in the range of 0.1−2000 μm, with velocities for 100 μm particles between 0.4−1.9 m s{sup −1}, with a dust production rate in the range of 0.2−0.8 kg s{sup −1}. The dust tails’ brightnesses and morphologies are best interpreted in terms of a model of sustained and low dust emission driven by water-ice sublimation, spanning since 2014 August 1, and triggered by a short impulsive event. This event produced an emission of small particles of about 0.1 μm with velocities of ∼4 m s{sup −1}. From our model we deduce that the activity of this main-belt comet continued for at least four months since activation.
Limit order book and its modeling in terms of Gibbs Grand-Canonical Ensemble
Bicci, Alberto
2016-12-01
In the domain of so called Econophysics some attempts have been already made for applying the theory of thermodynamics and statistical mechanics to economics and financial markets. In this paper a similar approach is made from a different perspective, trying to model the limit order book and price formation process of a given stock by the Grand-Canonical Gibbs Ensemble for the bid and ask orders. The application of the Bose-Einstein statistics to this ensemble allows then to derive the distribution of the sell and buy orders as a function of price. As a consequence we can define in a meaningful way expressions for the temperatures of the ensembles of bid orders and of ask orders, which are a function of minimum bid, maximum ask and closure prices of the stock as well as of the exchanged volume of shares. It is demonstrated that the difference between the ask and bid orders temperatures can be related to the VAO (Volume Accumulation Oscillator), an indicator empirically defined in Technical Analysis of stock markets. Furthermore the derived distributions for aggregate bid and ask orders can be subject to well defined validations against real data, giving a falsifiable character to the model.
Nucleus and Mass Loss from Active Asteroid 313P/Gibbs
Jewitt, David; Agarwal, Jessica; Weaver, Harold; Mutchler, Max; Larson, Stephen
2015-01-01
We present Hubble Space Telescope observations of active asteroid 313P/Gibbs (formerly P/2014 S4) taken over the five month interval from 2014 October to 2015 March. This object has been recurrently active near perihelion (at 2.4 AU) in two different orbits, a property that is naturally explained by the sublimation of near surface ice but which is difficult to reconcile with other activity mechanisms. We find that the mass loss peaks near 1 kg s$^{-1}$ in October and then declines over the subsequent months by about a factor of five, at nearly constant heliocentric distance. This decrease is too large to be caused by the change in heliocentric distance during the period of observation. However, it is consistent with sublimation from an ice patch shadowed by local topography, for example in a pit like those observed on the nuclei of short-period comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko. While no unique interpretation is possible, a simple self shadowing model shows that sublimation from a pit with depth to diameter rat...
A Gibbs Energy Minimization Approach for Modeling of Chemical Reactions in a Basic Oxygen Furnace
Kruskopf, Ari; Visuri, Ville-Valtteri
2017-08-01
In modern steelmaking, the decarburization of hot metal is converted into steel primarily in converter processes, such as the basic oxygen furnace. The objective of this work was to develop a new mathematical model for top blown steel converter, which accounts for the complex reaction equilibria in the impact zone, also known as the hot spot, as well as the associated mass and heat transport. An in-house computer code of the model has been developed in Matlab. The main assumption of the model is that all reactions take place in a specified reaction zone. The mass transfer between the reaction volume, bulk slag, and metal determine the reaction rates for the species. The thermodynamic equilibrium is calculated using the partitioning of Gibbs energy (PGE) method. The activity model for the liquid metal is the unified interaction parameter model and for the liquid slag the modified quasichemical model (MQM). The MQM was validated by calculating iso-activity lines for the liquid slag components. The PGE method together with the MQM was validated by calculating liquidus lines for solid components. The results were compared with measurements from literature. The full chemical reaction model was validated by comparing the metal and slag compositions to measurements from industrial scale converter. The predictions were found to be in good agreement with the measured values. Furthermore, the accuracy of the model was found to compare favorably with the models proposed in the literature. The real-time capability of the proposed model was confirmed in test calculations.
Bayesian segregation analysis of milk flow in Swiss dairy cattle using Gibbs sampling
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Kadarmideen Haja N
2004-09-01
Full Text Available Abstract Segregation analyses with Gibbs sampling were applied to investigate the mode of inheritance and to estimate the genetic parameters of milk flow of Swiss dairy cattle. The data consisted of 204 397, 655 989 and 40 242 lactation records of milk flow in Brown Swiss, Simmental and Holstein cattle, respectively (4 to 22 years. Separate genetic analyses of first and multiple lactations were carried out for each breed. The results show that genetic parameters especially polygenic variance and heritability of milk flow in the first lactation were very similar under both mixed inheritance (polygenes + major gene and polygenic models. Segregation analyses yielded very low major gene variances which favour the polygenic determinism of milk flow. Heritabilities and repeatabilities of milk flow in both Brown Swiss and Simmental were high (0.44 to 0.48 and 0.54 to 0.59, respectively. The heritability of milk flow based on scores of milking ability in Holstein was intermediate (0.25. Variance components and heritabilities in the first lactation were slightly larger than those estimates for multiple lactations. The results suggest that milk flow (the quantity of milk per minute of milking is a relevant measurement to characterise the cows milking ability which is a good candidate trait to be evaluated for a possible inclusion in the selection objectives in dairy cattle.
Force Field Benchmark of Organic Liquids. 2. Gibbs Energy of Solvation.
Zhang, Jin; Tuguldur, Badamkhatan; van der Spoel, David
2015-06-22
Quantitative prediction of physical properties of liquids is a longstanding goal of molecular simulation. Here, we evaluate the predictive power of the Generalized Amber Force Field (Wang et al. J. Comput. Chem. 2004, 25, 1157-1174) for the Gibbs energy of solvation of organic molecules in organic solvents using the thermodynamics integration (TI) method. The results are compared to experimental data, to a model based on quantitative structure property relations (QSPR), and to the conductor-like screening models for realistic solvation (COSMO-RS) model. Although the TI calculations yield slightly better correlation to experimental results than the other models, in all fairness we should conclude that the difference between the models is minor since both QSPR and COSMO-RS yield a slightly lower RMSD from that of the experiment (<3.5 kJ/mol). By analyzing which molecules (either as solvents or solutes) are outliers in the TI calculations, we can pinpoint where additional parametrization efforts are needed. For the force field based TI calculations, deviations from the experiment occur in particular when compounds containing nitro or ester groups are solvated into other liquids, suggesting that the interaction between these groups and solvents may be too strong. In the COSMO-RS calculations, outliers mainly occur when compounds containing (in particular aromatic) rings are solvated despite using a ring correction term in the calculations.