WorldWideScience

Sample records for tutorial dialogue systems

  1. Dialogue Systems and Dialogue Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-01

    in the following use cases: • Control: disability support, personal assistance • Education : tutorial and training • Medical: patient monitoring...considered as a means for furthering development of DST Group’s Consensus project by providing an engaging spoken interface to high -level...dialogue flow, error handling, and other high -level functions to facilitate these core capabilities. Dialogue state A single snapshot or slice of

  2. Do You Think You Can? The Influence of Student Self-Efficacy on the Effectiveness of Tutorial Dialogue for Computer Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiggins, Joseph B.; Grafsgaard, Joseph F.; Boyer, Kristy Elizabeth; Wiebe, Eric N.; Lester, James C.

    2017-01-01

    In recent years, significant advances have been made in intelligent tutoring systems, and these advances hold great promise for adaptively supporting computer science (CS) learning. In particular, tutorial dialogue systems that engage students in natural language dialogue can create rich, adaptive interactions. A promising approach to increasing…

  3. Do You Think You Can? The Influence of Student Self-Efficacy on the Effectiveness of Tutorial Dialogue for Computer Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiggins, Joseph B.; Grafsgaard, Joseph F.; Boyer, Kristy Elizabeth; Wiebe, Eric N.; Lester, James C.

    2017-01-01

    In recent years, significant advances have been made in intelligent tutoring systems, and these advances hold great promise for adaptively supporting computer science (CS) learning. In particular, tutorial dialogue systems that engage students in natural language dialogue can create rich, adaptive interactions. A promising approach to increasing…

  4. Transfer of Rule-Based Expertise through a Tutorial Dialogue

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-09-01

    involving a study of the epistemology of MYCIN’s knowledge) and (2) management of the Task uad Thesis 3 dialogue so as to achieve economical, systematic...Goldstein, I. The genetic epistemology of rule systems. The International Journal of Man-Machine Studies, 1979,11, 61-77. [Gordon, 1971] Gordon D...Evaluating the performance of a computer-based consultant. Computer Programs in Biomedicine , 1978, 9, 1978, 95-102. *1 4 449 Author Index [Atkinson

  5. Spoken Dialogue Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Jokinen, Kristiina

    2009-01-01

    Considerable progress has been made in recent years in the development of dialogue systems that support robust and efficient human-machine interaction using spoken language. Spoken dialogue technology allows various interactive applications to be built and used for practical purposes, and research focuses on issues that aim to increase the system's communicative competence by including aspects of error correction, cooperation, multimodality, and adaptation in context. This book gives a comprehensive view of state-of-the-art techniques that are used to build spoken dialogue systems. It provides

  6. Rimac: A Natural-Language Dialogue System that Engages Students in Deep Reasoning Dialogues about Physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katz, Sandra; Jordan, Pamela; Litman, Diane

    2011-01-01

    The natural-language tutorial dialogue system that the authors are developing will allow them to focus on the nature of interactivity during tutoring as a malleable factor. Specifically, it will serve as a research platform for studies that manipulate the frequency and types of verbal alignment processes that take place during tutoring, such as…

  7. Formal systems for persuasion dialogue

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Prakken, Henry

    This article reviews formal systems that regulate persuasion dialogues. In such dialogues two or more participants aim to resolve a difference of opinion, each trying to persuade the other participants to adopt their point of view. Systems for persuasion dialogue have found application in various

  8. Research on Spoken Dialogue Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aist, Gregory; Hieronymus, James; Dowding, John; Hockey, Beth Ann; Rayner, Manny; Chatzichrisafis, Nikos; Farrell, Kim; Renders, Jean-Michel

    2010-01-01

    Research in the field of spoken dialogue systems has been performed with the goal of making such systems more robust and easier to use in demanding situations. The term "spoken dialogue systems" signifies unified software systems containing speech-recognition, speech-synthesis, dialogue management, and ancillary components that enable human users to communicate, using natural spoken language or nearly natural prescribed spoken language, with other software systems that provide information and/or services.

  9. Artificial Immune Systems Tutorial

    CERN Document Server

    Aickelin, Uwe

    2008-01-01

    The biological immune system is a robust, complex, adaptive system that defends the body from foreign pathogens. It is able to categorize all cells (or molecules) within the body as self-cells or non-self cells. It does this with the help of a distributed task force that has the intelligence to take action from a local and also a global perspective using its network of chemical messengers for communication. There are two major branches of the immune system. The innate immune system is an unchanging mechanism that detects and destroys certain invading organisms, whilst the adaptive immune system responds to previously unknown foreign cells and builds a response to them that can remain in the body over a long period of time. This remarkable information processing biological system has caught the attention of computer science in recent years. A novel computational intelligence technique, inspired by immunology, has emerged, called Artificial Immune Systems. Several concepts from the immune have been extracted an...

  10. Dynamical systems on networks a tutorial

    CERN Document Server

    Porter, Mason A

    2016-01-01

    This volume is a tutorial for the study of dynamical systems on networks. It discusses both methodology and models, including spreading models for social and biological contagions. The authors focus especially on “simple” situations that are analytically tractable, because they are insightful and provide useful springboards for the study of more complicated scenarios. This tutorial, which also includes key pointers to the literature, should be helpful for junior and senior undergraduate students, graduate students, and researchers from mathematics, physics, and engineering who seek to study dynamical systems on networks but who may not have prior experience with graph theory or networks. Mason A. Porter is Professor of Nonlinear and Complex Systems at the Oxford Centre for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, Mathematical Institute, University of Oxford, UK. He is also a member of the CABDyN Complexity Centre and a Tutorial Fellow of Somerville College. James P. Gleeson is Professor of Industrial and Appli...

  11. Using a Dialogue System Based on Dialogue Maps for Computer Assisted Second Language Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Sung-Kwon; Kwon, Oh-Woog; Kim, Young-Kil; Lee, Yunkeun

    2016-01-01

    In order to use dialogue systems for computer assisted second-language learning systems, one of the difficult issues in such systems is how to construct large-scale dialogue knowledge that matches the dialogue modelling of a dialogue system. This paper describes how we have accomplished the short-term construction of large-scale and…

  12. Introducing Spoken Dialogue Systems into Intelligent Environments

    CERN Document Server

    Heinroth, Tobias

    2013-01-01

    Introducing Spoken Dialogue Systems into Intelligent Environments outlines the formalisms of a novel knowledge-driven framework for spoken dialogue management and presents the implementation of a model-based Adaptive Spoken Dialogue Manager(ASDM) called OwlSpeak. The authors have identified three stakeholders that potentially influence the behavior of the ASDM: the user, the SDS, and a complex Intelligent Environment (IE) consisting of various devices, services, and task descriptions. The theoretical foundation of a working ontology-based spoken dialogue description framework, the prototype implementation of the ASDM, and the evaluation activities that are presented as part of this book contribute to the ongoing spoken dialogue research by establishing the fertile ground of model-based adaptive spoken dialogue management. This monograph is ideal for advanced undergraduate students, PhD students, and postdocs as well as academic and industrial researchers and developers in speech and multimodal interactive ...

  13. On the Usability of Spoken Dialogue Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Lars Bo

    banking spoken dialogue system. It comprises more than 700 transcribed dialogues by 310 users. A number of objective (performance) measures are derived from the corpus. The system’s learnability is analysed through the turn-taking strategies and it is shown that users are capable of taking the initiative...

  14. Tutorial: Radiation Effects in Electronic Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pellish, Jonathan A.

    2017-01-01

    This tutorial presentation will give an overview of radiation effects in electrical, electronic, and electromechanical (EEE) components as it applies to civilian space systems of varying size and complexity. The natural space environment presents many unique threats to electronic systems regardless of where the systems operate from low-Earth orbit to interplanetary space. The presentation will cover several topics, including: an overview and introduction to the applicable space radiation environments common to a broad range of mission designs; definitions and impacts of effects due to impinging particles in the space environment e.g., total ionizing dose (TID), total non-ionizing dose (TNID), and single-event effects (SEE); and, testing for and evaluation of TID, TNID, and SEE in EEE components.

  15. A Robust System for Natural Spoken Dialogue

    CERN Document Server

    Allen, J F; Ringger, E K; Sikorski, T; Allen, James F.; Miller, Bradford W.; Ringger, Eric K.; Sikorski, Teresa

    1996-01-01

    This paper describes a system that leads us to believe in the feasibility of constructing natural spoken dialogue systems in task-oriented domains. It specifically addresses the issue of robust interpretation of speech in the presence of recognition errors. Robustness is achieved by a combination of statistical error post-correction, syntactically- and semantically-driven robust parsing, and extensive use of the dialogue context. We present an evaluation of the system using time-to-completion and the quality of the final solution that suggests that most native speakers of English can use the system successfully with virtually no training.

  16. Reinforcement learning for adaptive dialogue systems

    CERN Document Server

    Rieser, Verena

    2011-01-01

    The past decade has seen a revolution in the field of spoken dialogue systems. As in other areas of Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence, data-driven methods are now being used to drive new methodologies for system development and evaluation. This book is a unique contribution to that ongoing change. A new methodology for developing spoken dialogue systems is described in detail. The journey starts and ends with human behaviour in interaction, and explores methods for learning from the data, for building simulation environments for training and testing systems, and for evaluating the r

  17. An Application of Reinforcement Learning to Dialogue Strategy Selection in a Spoken Dialogue System for Email

    CERN Document Server

    Walker, M A

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes a novel method by which a spoken dialogue system can learn to choose an optimal dialogue strategy from its experience interacting with human users. The method is based on a combination of reinforcement learning and performance modeling of spoken dialogue systems. The reinforcement learning component applies Q-learning (Watkins, 1989), while the performance modeling component applies the PARADISE evaluation framework (Walker et al., 1997) to learn the performance function (reward) used in reinforcement learning. We illustrate the method with a spoken dialogue system named ELVIS (EmaiL Voice Interactive System), that supports access to email over the phone. We conduct a set of experiments for training an optimal dialogue strategy on a corpus of 219 dialogues in which human users interact with ELVIS over the phone. We then test that strategy on a corpus of 18 dialogues. We show that ELVIS can learn to optimize its strategy selection for agent initiative, for reading messages, and for summari...

  18. Investigating the Relationship between Dialogue Structure and Tutoring Effectiveness: A Hidden Markov Modeling Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyer, Kristy Elizabeth; Phillips, Robert; Ingram, Amy; Ha, Eun Young; Wallis, Michael; Vouk, Mladen; Lester, James

    2011-01-01

    Identifying effective tutorial dialogue strategies is a key issue for intelligent tutoring systems research. Human-human tutoring offers a valuable model for identifying effective tutorial strategies, but extracting them is a challenge because of the richness of human dialogue. This article addresses that challenge through a machine learning…

  19. Automatic Dialogue Scoring for a Second Language Learning System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Jin-Xia; Lee, Kyung-Soon; Kwon, Oh-Woog; Kim, Young-Kil

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents an automatic dialogue scoring approach for a Dialogue-Based Computer-Assisted Language Learning (DB-CALL) system, which helps users learn language via interactive conversations. The system produces overall feedback according to dialogue scoring to help the learner know which parts should be more focused on. The scoring measures…

  20. Community Earth System Model (CESM) Tutorial 2016 Final Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lamarque, Jean-Francois [Univ. Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR) and National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) and Climate and Global Dynamics Laboratory (CGD), Boulder, CO (United States)

    2017-05-09

    For the 2016 tutorial, NCAR/CGD requested a total budget of $70,000 split equally between DOE and NSF. The funds were used to support student participation (travel, lodging, per diem, etc.). Lectures and practical session support was primarily provided by local participants at no additional cost (see list below). The seventh annual Community Earth System Model (CESM) tutorial (2016) for students and early career scientists was held 8 – 12 August 2016. As has been the case over the last few years, this event was extremely successful and there was greater demand than could be met. There was continued interest in support of the NSF’s EaSM Infrastructure awards, to train these awardees in the application of the CESM. Based on suggestions from previous tutorial participants, the 2016 tutorial experience again provided direct connection to Yellowstone for each individual participant (rather than pairs), and used the NCAR Mesa Library. The 2016 tutorial included lectures on simulating the climate system and practical sessions on running CESM, modifying components, and analyzing data. These were targeted to the graduate student level. In addition, specific talks (“Application” talks) were introduced this year to provide participants with some in-depth knowledge of some specific aspects of CESM.

  1. A Study of the Feasibility of Network Tutorial System in Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiu, Jui-Man; Liu, Wei-Liang

    2008-01-01

    The reasons that the current tutorial system (CTS) does not produce significant effects include the budgets and policies of schools, the greater independence of students, and the infrequent interaction of tutors with students. To reduce the deficiencies of the current tutorial system, this paper proposes a network tutorial system (NTS) and…

  2. Metrics for Evaluating Dialogue Strategies in a Spoken Language System

    CERN Document Server

    Danieli, M; Danieli, Morena; Gerbino, Elisabetta

    1996-01-01

    In this paper, we describe a set of metrics for the evaluation of different dialogue management strategies in an implemented real-time spoken language system. The set of metrics we propose offers useful insights in evaluating how particular choices in the dialogue management can affect the overall quality of the man-machine dialogue. The evaluation makes use of established metrics: the transaction success, the contextual appropriateness of system answers, the calculation of normal and correction turns in a dialogue. We also define a new metric, the implicit recovery, which allows to measure the ability of a dialogue manager to deal with errors by different levels of analysis. We report evaluation data from several experiments, and we compare two different approaches to dialogue repair strategies using the set of metrics we argue for.

  3. 2012 Community Earth System Model (CESM) Tutorial - Proposal to DOE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Holland, Marika [National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO (United States); Bailey, David A [National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO (United States)

    2013-03-18

    The Community Earth System Model (CESM) is a fully-coupled, global climate model that provides state-of-the-art computer simulations of the Earth's past, present, and future climate states. This document provides the agenda and list of participants for the conference. Web materials for all lectures and practical sessions available from: http://www.cesm.ucar.edu/events/tutorials/073012/ .

  4. Dialogues

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lunde Nielsen, Espen

    2015-01-01

    need to engage with both the physical and the social dimension. In fact, the two can hardly be separated: the city and its inhabitants can be considered one organism, constantly shaping each other in a continuous dialogue. The inhabitants are co-authors of space. Hence, the definition of architecture...... or drawing table. Here artistic and critical spatial practices can lend themselves to engage directly with the physical reality, beyond reductive representations. At times, we need to invent techniques to by-pass the usual hierarchies and frameworks of perception in order to see what is ‘worn half......-invisible by use’ and draw out their inherent latent qualities or potentials, thus making way for spatial invention. These could take many forms: from intelligent aggregates and installations to performance and creative writing, but should all possess a situated agency and site-specific effect. By deploying...

  5. A Dialogue Game Approach to Multi-Agent System Programming

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lebbink, Henk-Jan; Witteman, Cilia; Meyer, John-Jules Ch.

    2005-01-01

    This paper approaches multi-agent system programming with dialogue games allowing the semantics of communicative acts to be a component in multi-agent architectures. We present a dialogue game for enquiry enabling agents to answer questions in a distributed fashion. In addition, we propose a reasoni

  6. Radio systems engineering a tutorial approach

    CERN Document Server

    Santos, Héctor J De Los; Ponte, Juan

    2015-01-01

    This book is intended for readers who already have knowledge of devices and circuits for radio-frequency (RF) and microwave communication and are ready to study the systems engineering-level aspects of modern radio communications systems. The authors provide a general overview of radio systems with their components, focusing on the analog parts of the system and their non-idealities. Based on the physical functionality of the various building blocks of a modern radio system, block parameters are derived, which allows the examination of their influence on the overall system performance. The dis

  7. Flexible, Robust and Dynamic Dialogue Modeling with a Speech Dialogue Interface for Controlling a Hi-Fi Audio System.

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández Martínez, Fernando; Ferreiros López, Javier; Lucas Cuesta, Juan Manuel; Echeverry Correa, Julian David; San Segundo Hernández, Rubén; Córdoba Herralde, Ricardo de

    2010-01-01

    This work is focused on the context of speech interfaces for controlling household electronic devices. In particular, we present an example of a spoken dialogue system for controlling a Hi-Fi audio system. This system demonstrates that a more natural, flexible and robust dialogue is possible. That is due to both the Bayesian Networks based solution that we propose for dialogue modeling, and also to carefully designed contextual information handling strategies.

  8. Metalogue: A Multiperspective Multimodal Dialogue System with Metacognitive Abilities for Highly Adaptive and Flexible Dialogue Management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Alexandersson, Jan; Aretoulaki, Maria; Campbell, Nick; Gardner, Michael; Girenko, Andrey; Klakow, Dietrich; Koryzis, Dimitris; Petukhova, Volha; Specht, Marcus; Spiliotopoulos, Dimitris; Stricker, Alexander; Taatgen, Niels

    2014-01-01

    This poster paper presents a high-level description of the Metalogue project that is developing a multi-modal dialogue system that is able to implement interactive behaviors that seem natural to users and is flexible enough to exploit the full potential of multimodal interaction. We provide an outli

  9. INFORMATION AND COMPLEXITY IN CONTROL SYSTEMS: A TUTORIAL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Leyi

    2001-01-01

    This is a tutorial paper which presents schematically theconcepts of information, uncertainty, and complexity, and their relationships in their applications to control systems. By focusing on exact or lower bounds on achievable performance in the presence of uncertainties, studies of complexity in a control system can potentially reveal fundamentally limiting factors of the system, suggest beneficial modifications to system structures and hardware configurations to remove these limitations, provide benchmark values for evaluating a design and for quantifying rooms for performance improvement, and demonstrate intrinsic tradeoffs. Compared to its counterparts in communications (Shannon's information theory), computations (computational complexity and information-based complexity), and approximations (n-widths and Kolmogorov entropy), studies of information and complexity in control systems encounter further challenges, such as characterization of feedback robustness, interaction between identification and control, and co-existence of deterministic and stochastic uncertainties. Some of these issues are outlined and discussed.

  10. Proposing a Web-Based Tutorial System to Teach Malay Language Braille Code to the Sighted

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wah, Lee Lay; Keong, Foo Kok

    2010-01-01

    The "e-KodBrailleBM Tutorial System" is a web-based tutorial system which is specially designed to teach, facilitate and support the learning of Malay Language Braille Code to individuals who are sighted. The targeted group includes special education teachers, pre-service teachers, and parents. Learning Braille code involves memorisation…

  11. A dialogue game approach to multi-agent system programming

    OpenAIRE

    Lebbink, Henk-Jan; Witteman, Cilia; Meyer, John-Jules Ch.

    2004-01-01

    This paper approaches multi-agent system programming with dialogue games allowing the semantics of communicative acts to be a component in multi-agent architectures. We present a dialogue game for enquiry enabling agents to answer questions in a distributed fashion. In addition, we propose a reasoning game that defines when agents are allowed to make decisions, in the current case, decisions to accept to believe propositions. These games are brought together in a deliberation cycle and are im...

  12. Karibu Tutorials

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Henrik Bærbak

    These tutorials demonstrate how to use Karibu for high quality data collection, in particular how to setup a distributed Karibu system and how to adapt Karibu to your particular data collection needs....

  13. 2013 Community Earth System Model (CESM) Tutorial-Proposal to DOE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Holland, Marika; Bates, Susan

    2014-12-04

    THE SAME REQUEST WILL BE SENT TO BOTH NSF AND DOE TO EACH SUPPORT $35K. The third annual Community Earth System Model (CESM) tutorial for students and early career scientists was held from 30 July to 3 August, 2012. This event was extremely successful and, as for the tutorials in previous years, there was a greater demand than could be met. This indicates a continuing need for a tutorial of this type and we anticipate that the 2013 tutorial will be well received. The tutorial will include lectures on simulating the climate system and practical sessions on running CESM, modifying components, and analyzing data. These will be targeted to the graduate student level. Attendance will be limited to a maximum of 80 students with financial support for up to 40 students. Attendees will be balanced across institutions.

  14. Space Telecommunications Radio System (STRS) Architecture. Part 1; Tutorial - Overview

    Science.gov (United States)

    Handler, Louis M.; Briones, Janette C.; Mortensen, Dale J.; Reinhart, Richard C.

    2012-01-01

    Space Telecommunications Radio System (STRS) Architecture Standard provides a NASA standard for software-defined radio. STRS is being demonstrated in the Space Communications and Navigation (SCaN) Testbed formerly known as Communications, Navigation and Networking Configurable Testbed (CoNNeCT). Ground station radios communicating the SCaN testbed are also being written to comply with the STRS architecture. The STRS Architecture Tutorial Overview presents a general introduction to the STRS architecture standard developed at the NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC), addresses frequently asked questions, and clarifies methods of implementing the standard. The STRS architecture should be used as a base for many of NASA s future telecommunications technologies. The presentation will provide a basic understanding of STRS.

  15. Flipper: An Information State Component for Spoken Dialogue Systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    ter Maat, Mark; Heylen, Dirk K.J.; Vilhjálmsson, Hannes; Kopp, Stefan; Marsella, Stacy; Thórisson, Kristinn

    This paper introduces Flipper, an specification language and interpreter for Information State Update rules that can be used for developing spoken dialogue systems and embodied conversational agents. The system uses XML-templates to modify the information state and to select behaviours to perform.

  16. a model for incremental grounding in spoken dialogue systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Visser, Thomas; Traum, David; DeVault, David; op den Akker, Hendrikus J.A.

    2012-01-01

    Recent advances in incremental language processing for dialogue systems promise to enable more natural conversation between humans and computers. By analyzing the user's utterance while it is still in progress, systems can provide more human-like overlapping and backchannel responses to convey their

  17. Tutorial on Actual Space Environmental Hazards For Space Systems (Invited)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazur, J. E.; Fennell, J. F.; Guild, T. B.; O'Brien, T. P.

    2013-12-01

    It has become common in the space science community to conduct research on diverse physical phenomena because they are thought to contribute to space weather. However, satellites contend with only three primary environmental hazards: single event effects, vehicle charging, and total dose, and not every physical phenomenon that occurs in space contributes in substantial ways to create these hazards. One consequence of the mismatch between actual threats and all-encompassing research is the often-described gap between research and operations; another is the creation of forecasts that provide no actionable information for design engineers or spacecraft operators. An example of the latter is the physics of magnetic field emergence on the Sun; the phenomenon is relevant to the formation and launch of coronal mass ejections and is also causally related to the solar energetic particles that may get accelerated in the interplanetary shock. Unfortunately for the research community, the engineering community mitigates the space weather threat (single-event effects from heavy ions above ~50 MeV/nucleon) with a worst-case specification of the environment and not with a prediction. Worst-case definition requires data mining of past events, while predictions involve large-scale systems science from the Sun to the Earth that is compelling for scientists and their funding agencies but not actionable for design or for most operations. Differing priorities among different space-faring organizations only compounds the confusion over what science research is relevant. Solar particle impacts to human crew arise mainly from the total ionizing dose from the solar protons, so the priority for prediction in the human spaceflight community is therefore much different than in the unmanned satellite community, while both communities refer to the fundamental phenomenon as space weather. Our goal in this paper is the presentation of a brief tutorial on the primary space environmental phenomena

  18. Mixed-Initiative Tutorial System to Aid Users of the On-Line System (NLS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grignetti, Mario C.; And Others

    NLS-SCHOLAR is a prototype system that uses artificial intelligence techniques to teach computer-naive people how to use a powerful and complex text editor. It represents a new type of computer-assisted instruction (CAI) system that integrates systematic teaching with actual practice; i.e., one which can keep the user under tutorial supervision…

  19. Rule Systems for Runtime Verification: A Short Tutorial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barringer, Howard; Havelund, Klaus; Rydeheard, David; Groce, Alex

    In this tutorial, we introduce two rule-based systems for on and off-line trace analysis, RuleR and LogScope. RuleR is a conditional rule-based system, which has a simple and easily implemented algorithm for effective runtime verification, and into which one can compile a wide range of temporal logics and other specification formalisms used for runtime verification. Specifications can be parameterized with data, or even with specifications, allowing for temporal logic combinators to be defined. We outline a number of simple syntactic extensions of core RuleR that can lead to further conciseness of specification but still enabling easy and efficient implementation. RuleR is implemented in Java and we will demonstrate its ease of use in monitoring Java programs. LogScope is a derivation of RuleR adding a simple very user-friendly temporal logic. It was developed in Python, specifically for supporting testing of spacecraft flight software for NASA’s next 2011 Mars mission MSL (Mars Science Laboratory). The system has been applied by test engineers to analysis of log files generated by running the flight software. Detailed logging is already part of the system design approach, and hence there is no added instrumentation overhead caused by this approach. While post-mortem log analysis prevents the autonomous reaction to problems possible with traditional runtime verification, it provides a powerful tool for test automation. A new system is being developed that integrates features from both RuleR and LogScope.

  20. Computer-assisted learning using a dialogue system for virtual teacher-student communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luque Ruiz, Irene; Cerruela García, Gonzalo; Gómez-Nieto, Miguel Angel

    2003-01-01

    Over the past decade, computer-assisted learning in the field of chemistry has given rise to a large number of systems that approach this objective from different viewpoints: static courses aimed at specific concepts, tutorial systems, 2D and 3D virtual environments, and so on. Correct structuring and representation of the knowledge to be taught, the building of a suitable student interface, and the adaptation of the learning process to the knowledge of the student are but a few of the challenges to be faced in the development of efficient computer-assisted learning systems. The present study tackles the use of computerized dialogue systems as a viable alternative for the simulation of teacher-student interaction and proposes an ontology for the characterization of such interaction, employing the object-oriented paradigm in the modeling of both the knowledge to be taught and the actual level of the student. The proposed solution is based on the representation of the knowledge to be taught through a network of multiconnected knowledge frames (chunks), where each chunk may be specialized in more specific frames (prerequisites and subobjectives), contain associated explanations of varying complexity and with a range of explanatory models, and be associated with one or a set of possible questions the student might ask; to this end, a constantly evolving knowledge model is maintained throughout the explanatory process. Based on the proposed model, Java was used to develop and manage an explanatory system that could be used in any type of teaching system based on student-dominated dialogues. Here, the system has been applied to the teaching of chemistry laboratory practice by its integration into the Virtual Chemistry Laboratory (VCL), a system designed by the authors to simulate chemistry techniques in a virtual 3D world.

  1. Assessment of an electronic voting system within the tutorial setting: A randomised controlled trial [ISRCTN54535861

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    De Young Neville J

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Electronic voting systems have been used in various educational settings with little measurement of the educational impact on students. The goal of this study was to measure the effects of the inclusion of an electronic voting system within a small group tutorial. Method A prospective randomised controlled trial was run at the Royal Adelaide Hospital, a teaching hospital in Adelaide, Australia. 102 students in their first clinical year of medical school participated in the study where an electronic voting system was introduced as a teaching aid into a standard tutorial. Long-term retention of knowledge and understanding of the topics discussed in the tutorials was measured and student response to the introduction of the electronic voting system was assessed. Results Students using the electronic voting system had improved long-term retention of understanding of material taught in the tutorial. Students had a positive response to the use of this teaching aid. Conclusion Electronic voting systems can provide a stimulating learning environment for students and in a small group tutorial may improve educational outcomes.

  2. Optimizing Dialogue Management with Reinforcement Learning: Experiments with the NJFun System

    CERN Document Server

    Kearns, M; Singh, S; Walker, M; 10.1613/jair.859

    2011-01-01

    Designing the dialogue policy of a spoken dialogue system involves many nontrivial choices. This paper presents a reinforcement learning approach for automatically optimizing a dialogue policy, which addresses the technical challenges in applying reinforcement learning to a working dialogue system with human users. We report on the design, construction and empirical evaluation of NJFun, an experimental spoken dialogue system that provides users with access to information about fun things to do in New Jersey. Our results show that by optimizing its performance via reinforcement learning, NJFun measurably improves system performance.

  3. The Possibility to Use Genetic Algorithms and Fuzzy Systems in the Development of Tutorial Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anca Ioana ANDREESCU

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we are presenting state of the art information methods and techniques that can be applied in the development of efficient tutorial systems and also the possibility to use genetic algorithms and fuzzy systems in the construction of such systems. All this topics have been studied during the development of the research project INFOSOC entitled "Tutorial System based on Eduknowledge for Work Security and Health in SMEs According to the European Union Directives" accomplished by a teaching stuff from the Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest, in collaboration with the National Institute for Research and Development in Work Security, the National Institute for Small and Middle Enterprises and SC Q’NET International srl.

  4. Automated problem generation in Learning Management Systems: a tutorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Romero

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The benefits of solving problems have been widely acknowledged by literature. Its implementation in e–learning platforms can make easier its management and the learning process itself. However, its implementation can also become a very time–consuming task, particularly when the number of problems to generate is high. In this tutorial we describe a methodology that we have developed aiming to alleviate the workload of producing a great deal of problems in Moodle for an undergraduate business course. This methodology follows a six-step process and allows evaluating student’s skills in problem solving, minimizes plagiarism behaviors and provides immediate feedback. We expect this tutorial encourage other educators to apply our six steps process, thus benefiting themselves and their students of its advantages.

  5. Dialogue design for the openphone system

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Ndwe, TJ

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available . Context design The context is the structure and the layout of the information in the system and how this information is delivered by the system to the user and from the user to the system. An IVR system puts demand on short-term memory resources... the information. The choice of language for commands and the information in the system has been a language that the caregivers understand in order to avoid technical terminology used by medical professionals. For example, the words ʻimmune systemʼ do not have...

  6. Intelligent tutorial system for selftraining in tuning of control systems; Sistema tutorial inteligente para el autoentrenamiento en sintonizacion de sistemas de control

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Romero Jimenez, Guillermo; Perez Ocampo, Maria Concepcion [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Temixco, Morelos (Mexico)

    1999-07-01

    In this paper the design, development and validation of an intelligent tutorial system oriented to the instruction of techniques of tuning of control systems is described. This system is based on systems previously developed in the Simulation Unit of the Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas (IIE). The designed system accounts with four modules: of knowledge, the student model, of tutor and of interface, basic characteristics that allows to locate this system in the context of the intelligent tutorial systems. In this system in particular, the knowledge module was only modified, because advantage is taken of the existing structure to incorporate a new dominion of application: the one of the techniques of tuning of control systems. The system maintains the characteristic that it can also be used as a consultation system. In addition to the design and validation of the tutorial system, when following the methodology of processing the degree of generality of the developed system, was evaluated, taking into account the evaluation and quantification of metrics that the engineering software proposes. [Spanish] En este trabajo se describen el diseno, el desarrollo y la validacion de un sistema tutorial inteligente orientado a la instruccion de tecnicas de sintonizacion de sistemas de control. Este sistema esta basado en sistemas desarrollados anteriormente en la Unidad de Simulacion del Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas (IIE). El sistema disenado cuenta con cuatro modulos: de conocimiento, del modelo del estudiante, de tutor y de interfaz, caracteristica principal que permite ubicar a este sistema en el contexto de los sistemas tutoriales inteligentes. En este sistema en particular solo se modifica el modulo de conocimiento, pues se aprovecha la estructura existente para incorporar un nuevo dominio de aplicacion: el de las tecnicas de sintonizacion de sistemas de control. El sistema mantiene la caracteristica de que tambien puede utilizarse como un sistema de

  7. Data Mining in Course Management Systems: Moodle Case Study and Tutorial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romero, Cristobal; Ventura, Sebastian; Garcia, Enrique

    2008-01-01

    Educational data mining is an emerging discipline, concerned with developing methods for exploring the unique types of data that come from the educational context. This work is a survey of the specific application of data mining in learning management systems and a case study tutorial with the Moodle system. Our objective is to introduce it both…

  8. Data Mining in Course Management Systems: Moodle Case Study and Tutorial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romero, Cristobal; Ventura, Sebastian; Garcia, Enrique

    2008-01-01

    Educational data mining is an emerging discipline, concerned with developing methods for exploring the unique types of data that come from the educational context. This work is a survey of the specific application of data mining in learning management systems and a case study tutorial with the Moodle system. Our objective is to introduce it both…

  9. Automated spoken dialogue system for hypertensive patient home management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giorgino, Toni; Azzini, Ivano; Rognoni, Carla; Quaglini, Silvana; Stefanelli, Mario; Gretter, Roberto; Falavigna, Daniele

    2005-03-01

    Recent advances in automatic speech recognition and related technologies allow computers to carry on conversations by telephone. We developed an intelligent dialogue system that interacts with hypertensive patients to collect data about their health status. Patients thus avoid the inconvenience of traveling for frequent face to face visits to monitor the clinical variables they can easily measure at home; the physician is facilitated in acquiring patient information and cardiovascular risk, which is evaluated from the data according to noted guidelines. Controlled trials to assess the clinical efficacy are under way.

  10. Web Tutorials on Systems Thinking Using the Driver-Pressure-State-Impact-Response (DPSIR) Framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    This set of tutorials provides an overview of incorporating systems thinking into decision-making, an introduction to the DPSIR framework as one approach that can assist in the decision analysis process, and an overview of DPSIR tools, including concept mapping and keyword lists,...

  11. Distributed randomized algorithms for opinion formation, centrality computation and power systems estimation: A tutorial overview

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Frasca, Paolo; Ishii, Hideaki; Ravazzi, Chiara; Tempo, Roberto

    2015-01-01

    In this tutorial paper, we study three specific applications: opinion formation in social networks, centrality measures in complex networks and estimation problems in large-scale power systems. These applications fall under a general framework which aims at the construction of algorithms for distrib

  12. Ontological assumptions in techno-anthropological explorations of online dialogue through information systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Otrel-Cass, Kathrin; Andrule, Kristine

    2015-01-01

    that focus on understanding the kind of dialogue that can be captured between different expert groups when they utilize information systems. We present the notion of ‘dialogic’ by Mikhail Bakhtin and contextualize it through an analysis of online dialogue. Dialogic or ‘conversation and inquiry’ is discussed...... as being mediated through human relationships. Acknowledging the existence of at least two voices the underlying differences between dialogue partners are highlighted....

  13. The Comprehensive AOCMF Classification System: Condylar Process Fractures - Level 3 Tutorial

    OpenAIRE

    Neff, Andreas; Cornelius, Carl-Peter; Rasse, Michael; Torre, Daniel Dalla; Audigé, Laurent

    2014-01-01

    This tutorial outlines the detailed system for fractures of the condylar process at the precision level 3 and is organized in a sequence of sections dealing with the description of the classification system within topographical subdivisions along with rules for fracture coding and a series of case examples with clinical imaging. Basically, the condylar process comprises three fracture levels and is subdivided into the head region, the condylar neck, and the condylar base. Fractures of the con...

  14. 2014 CESM Tutorial

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Holland, Marika

    2014-08-11

    The 2014 annual tutorial for the Community Earth System Model (CESM) was held on August 11-August 15, 2014 at the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, CO. It included lectures and practical sessions on numerous aspects of the CESM model. The proceedings submitted here include a description of the tutorial.

  15. Computational Interpersonal Communication: Communication Studies and Spoken Dialogue Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David J. Gunkel

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available With the advent of spoken dialogue systems (SDS, communication can no longer be considered a human-to-human transaction. It now involves machines. These mechanisms are not just a medium through which human messages pass, but now occupy the position of the other in social interactions. But the development of robust and efficient conversational agents is not just an engineering challenge. It also depends on research in human conversational behavior. It is the thesis of this paper that communication studies is best situated to respond to this need. The paper argues: 1 that research in communication can supply the information necessary to respond to and resolve many of the open problems in SDS engineering, and 2 that the development of SDS applications can provide the discipline of communication with unique opportunities to test extant theory and verify experimental results. We call this new area of interdisciplinary collaboration “computational interpersonal communication” (CIC

  16. Systems Analysis Programs for Hands-on Integrated Reliability Evaluations (SAPHIRE) Tutorial

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    C. L. Smith; S. T. Beck; S. T. Wood

    2008-08-01

    The Systems Analysis Programs for Hands-on Integrated Reliability Evaluations (SAPHIRE) refers to a set of computer programs that were developed to create and analyze probabilistic risk assessment (PRAs). This volume is the tutorial manual for the SAPHIRE system. In this document, a series of lessons are provided that guide the user through basic steps common to most analyses preformed with SAPHIRE. The tutorial is divided into two major sections covering both basic and advanced features. The section covering basic topics contains lessons that lead the reader through development of a probabilistic hypothetical problem involving a vehicle accident, highlighting the program’s most fundamental features. The advanced features section contains additional lessons that expand on fundamental analysis features of SAPHIRE and provide insights into more complex analysis techniques. Together, these two elements provide an overview into the operation and capabilities of the SAPHIRE software.

  17. Assessing and Improving Operational Resilience of Critical Infrastructures and Other Systems: An INFORMS TutORial

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-11-09

    and Other Systems An INFORMS TutORial Associate Professor David L. Alderson Distinguished Professor Gerald G. Brown Professor W. Matthew Carlyle...Protection” directs use of risk-based strategies 2004 Indonesian tsunami 2005 Pakistan earthquake; Hurricanes Katrina and Rita in U.S. Introduction...and Protection” directs use of risk-based strategies 2004 Indonesian tsunami 2005 Pakistan earthquake; Hurricanes Katrina and Rita in U.S

  18. Analysis of Deviations in an Agent and Ontology-Based Dialogue Management System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Algorithms of detecting dialogue deviations from a dialogue topic in an agent and ontology-based dialogue management system(AODMS) are proposed. In AODMS, agents and ontologies are introduced to represent domain knowledge. And general algorithms that model dialogue phenomena in different domains can be realized in that complex relationships between knowledge in different domains can be described by ontologies. An evaluation of the dialogue management system with deviation-judging algorithms on 736 utterances shows that the AODMS is able to talk about the given topic consistently and answer 86.6% of the utterances, while only 72.1% of the utterances can be responded correctly without deviation-judging module.

  19. A lottery incentive system to facilitate dialogue and social support for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A lottery incentive system to facilitate dialogue and social support for workplace ... the LIS created excitement in the companies and renewed employees' personal ... social group pressure to seek HCT as a collective in anticipation of a reward.

  20. Toward Scalable Systems for Big Data Analytics: A Technology Tutorial

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Han Hu; Yonggang Wen; Tat-Seng Chua; Xuelong Li

    2014-01-01

    .... For instance, big data is commonly unstructured and require more real-time analysis. This development calls for new system architectures for data acquisition, transmission, storage, and large-scale data processing mechanisms...

  1. 9th Annual Systems Engineering Conference: Volume-1 Monday Tutorial

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-10-26

    ClerkInterface CustomerInterface Kiosk SalesTerminal TicketServer Customer Clerk CreditCardAgency Manager Node Component c JOG System Engineering...ASSOCIATION Deployment and Component Diagrams CreditCardCharges ManagerInterface TicketDBTicketSeller ClerkInterface CustomerInterface Kiosk ...Defense systems engineering community. Brochure Contents Hotel /Registration/Display/General Conference Information ....................... pg. 2-3

  2. Tutorial on beam-based feedback systems for linacs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hendrickson, L.; Allison, S.; Gromme, T.; Grossberg, P.; Himel, T.; Krauter, K.; MacKenzie, R.; Ross, M.; Sass, R.; Shoaee, H.

    1994-08-01

    A generalized fast feedback system stabilizes beams in the SLC. It performs measurements and modifies actuator settings to control beam states such as position, angle, energy and intensity on a pulse to pulse basis. An adaptive cascade feature allows communication between a series of linac loops, avoiding overcorrection problems. The system is based on the state space formalism of digital control theory. Due to the database-driven design, new loops are added without requiring software modifications. Recent enhancements support the monitoring and control of nonlinear states such as beam phase using excitation techniques. In over three years of operation, the feedback system has grown from its original eight loops to more than fifty loops, and it has been invaluable in stabilizing the machine.

  3. About Development and Innovation of the Slovak Spoken Language Dialogue System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jozef Juhár

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available The research and development of the Slovak spoken language dialogue system (SLDS is described in the paper. The dialogue system is based on the DARPA Communicator architecture and was developed in the period from July 2003 to June 2006. It consists of the Galaxy hub and telephony, automatic speech recognition, text-to-speech, backend, transport and VoiceXML dialogue management and automatic evaluation modules. The dialogue system is demonstrated and tested via two pilot applications, „Weather Forecast“ and „Public Transport Timetables“. The required information is retrieved from Internet resources in multi-user mode through PSTN, ISDN, GSM and/or VoIP network. Some innovation development has been performed since 2006 which is also described in the paper.

  4. Design and analysis of a Web-based guideline tutorial system that emphasizes clinical trial evidence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bell, D S; Mangione, C M

    2000-01-01

    To describe a Web-based guideline tutorial system and evaluate its features. A Web-based tutorial system called SAGE (Self-study Acceleration with Graphic Evidence) was constructed to teach knowledge important for care after myocardial infarction. SAGE features a pretest, followed by an overview that coordinates studying resources for a set of learning objectives. Resources include pretest answers, guideline passages, and graphical presentations of clinical trial results. Data on the use of SAGE was obtained from 79 residents participating in a larger trial. Linear regression was used to correlate the amount learned with resource-use, and resource-use with user characteristics. On average, users accessed less than half of the guideline passages and very little of the graphic evidence. Greater use of guideline passages was correlated with greater immediate learning, but use of graphic evidence was not. Further research is needed to motivate more thorough self-study and to integrate clinical trial evidence with guideline-based education.

  5. Autonomous Systems, Robotics, and Computing Systems Capability Roadmap: NRC Dialogue

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zornetzer, Steve; Gage, Douglas

    2005-01-01

    Contents include the following: Introduction. Process, Mission Drivers, Deliverables, and Interfaces. Autonomy. Crew-Centered and Remote Operations. Integrated Systems Health Management. Autonomous Vehicle Control. Autonomous Process Control. Robotics. Robotics for Solar System Exploration. Robotics for Lunar and Planetary Habitation. Robotics for In-Space Operations. Computing Systems. Conclusion.

  6. Semantic Processing of Out-Of-Vocabulary Words in a Spoken Dialogue System

    CERN Document Server

    Boros, M; Gallwitz, F; Noeth, E; Niemann, H; Boros, Manuela; Aretoulaki, Maria; Gallwitz, Florian; Noeth, Elmar; Niemann, Heinrich

    1997-01-01

    One of the most important causes of failure in spoken dialogue systems is usually neglected: the problem of words that are not covered by the system's vocabulary (out-of-vocabulary or OOV words). In this paper a methodology is described for the detection, classification and processing of OOV words in an automatic train timetable information system. The various extensions that had to be effected on the different modules of the system are reported, resulting in the design of appropriate dialogue strategies, as are encouraging evaluation results on the new versions of the word recogniser and the linguistic processor.

  7. Multimedia tutorial system to aid the technical training in energy cogeneration; Sistema tutorial multimedio para apoyar la capacitacion tecnica en cogeneracion de energia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kemper Valverde, Nicolas; Lara Rosano, Felipe; Guerrero Briseno, Pedro [Laboratorio de Inteligencia Artificial, Instituto de Ingenieria UNAM, Mexico, D. F. (Mexico); Monedero De La Vega, Arturo F. [Seccion Ingenieria Energetica, DEPFI UNAM, Mexico, D. F. (Mexico)

    1994-12-31

    The incorporation of computer aided teaching technologies increases the efficiency in the transmission and acquisition of knowledge, allowing the handling of large information volumes, the knowledge homogenization among the students, the availability, the massive teaching and the permanent updating of the same. On the other hand, considering that all energy saving policy must be supported in a training and dissemination program of the respective energy technologies an immediate option is the use of computerized systems of teaching-learning. Precisely, in this paper, are presented the fundamental technical aspects for the development of a tutorial expert system, to aid the training in energy cogeneration, trying to integrate in the application, the usage of multimedia tools with the intelligent handling of the teaching-learning process through the inference machine of an expert system. [Espanol] La incorporacion de metodologias de ensenanza auxiliada por computadora incrementa la eficiencia en la transmision y adquisicion del conocimiento, permitiendo la manipulacion de grandes volumenes de informacion, la homogeneizacion del conocimiento en los educandos, la disponibilidad, masificacion y la permanente actualizacion del mismo. Por otro lado, considerando que toda politica de ahorro de energia debe estar soportada en un programa de capacitacion y de divulgacion de las tecnologias energeticas respectivas, una alternativa inmediata es el empleo de sistemas computarizados de ensenanza-aprendizaje. Precisamente, en este trabajo, se presenta los aspectos tecnicos fundamentales del desarrollo de un sistema experto tutorial para apoyar la capacitacion en cogeneracion de energia, tratando de integrar en la aplicacion, el empleo de las herramientas multimedios con el manejo inteligente del proceso de ensenanza-aprendizaje a traves de la maquina de inferencia de un sistema experto.

  8. Text Mining for Information Systems Researchers: An Annotated Topic Modeling Tutorial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Debortoli, Stefan; Müller, Oliver; Junglas, Iris

    2016-01-01

    t is estimated that more than 80 percent of today’s data is stored in unstructured form (e.g., text, audio, image, video);and much of it is expressed in rich and ambiguous natural language. Traditionally, the analysis of natural languagehas prompted the use of qualitative data analysis approaches......, such as manual coding. Yet, the size of text data setsobtained from the Internet makes manual analysis virtually impossible. In this tutorial, we discuss the challengesencountered when applying automated text-mining techniques in information systems research. In particular, weshowcase the use of probabilistic...... topic modeling via Latent Dirichlet Allocation, an unsupervised text miningtechnique, in combination with a LASSO multinomial logistic regression to explain user satisfaction with an IT artifactby automatically analyzing more than 12,000 online customer reviews. For fellow information systems...

  9. Electromagnetism Tutorial (Tutorial de Eletromagnetismo)

    CERN Document Server

    Dantas, Christine C

    2009-01-01

    The present tutorial aims at covering the fundamentals of electromagnetism, in a condensed and clear manner. Some solved and proposed exercises have been included. The reader is assumed to have knowledge of basic electricity, partial derivatives and multiple integrals. ----- O presente tutorial visa cobrir os fundamentos do eletromagnetismo, de forma condensada e clara. Alguns exercicios resolvidos e propostos foram incluidos. Assume-se conhecimento de eletricidade basica, derivadas parciais e integrais multiplas.

  10. Using Visual Assessments and Tutorials to Teach Solar System Concepts in Introductory Astronomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    LoPresto, Michael C.

    2010-01-01

    Visual assessments and tutorials are instruments that rely on student construction and/or examination of pictures and/or diagrams rather than multiple choice and/or short answer questions. Being a very visual subject, astronomy lends itself to assessments and tutorials of this type. What follows is a report on the results of the use of visual…

  11. Using Visual Assessments and Tutorials to Teach Solar System Concepts in Introductory Astronomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    LoPresto, Michael C.

    2010-01-01

    Visual assessments and tutorials are instruments that rely on student construction and/or examination of pictures and/or diagrams rather than multiple choice and/or short answer questions. Being a very visual subject, astronomy lends itself to assessments and tutorials of this type. What follows is a report on the results of the use of visual…

  12. Artificial intelligence and tutoring systems computational and cognitive approaches to the communication of knowledge

    CERN Document Server

    Wenger, Etienne

    2014-01-01

    Artificial Intelligence and Tutoring Systems: Computational and Cognitive Approaches to the Communication of Knowledge focuses on the cognitive approaches, methodologies, principles, and concepts involved in the communication of knowledge. The publication first elaborates on knowledge communication systems, basic issues, and tutorial dialogues. Concerns cover natural reasoning and tutorial dialogues, shift from local strategies to multiple mental models, domain knowledge, pedagogical knowledge, implicit versus explicit encoding of knowledge, knowledge communication, and practical and theoretic

  13. Measuring stress and cognitive load effects on the perceived quality of a multimodal dialogue system

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Niculescu, A.I.; van Dijk, Elisabeth M.A.G.; Cao, Y.; Nijholt, Antinus; Spink, A.J.; Grieco, F; Krips, O.E.; Loyens, L.W.S.; Noldus, L.P.J.J.; Zimmerman, P.H.

    2010-01-01

    In this paper we present the results of a pilot study investigating the impact of stress and cognitive load on the perceived interaction quality of a multimodal dialogue system for crisis management. Four test subjects interacted with the system in four differently configured trials aiming to induce

  14. Measuring stress and cognitive load effects on the perceived quality of a multimodal dialogue system

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Niculescu, Andreea; Dijk, van Betsy; Cao, Yujia; Nijholt, Anton; Spink, A.J.; Grieco, F.; Krips, O.E.; Loyens, L.W.S.; Noldus, L.P.J.J.; Zimmerman, P.H.

    2010-01-01

    In this paper we present the results of a pilot study investigating the impact of stress and cognitive load on the perceived interaction quality of a multimodal dialogue system for crisis management. Four test subjects interacted with the system in four differently configured trials aiming to induce

  15. Observing Coaching and Reflecting: A Multi-modal Natural Language-based Dialogue System in a Learning Context

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Helvert, Joy; Van Rosmalen, Peter; Börner, Dirk; Petukhova, Volha; Alexandersson, Jan

    2016-01-01

    The Metalogue project aims to develop a multi-modal, multi-party dialogue system with metacognitive abilities that will advance our understanding of natural conversational human-machine interaction and dialogue interfaces. This paper introduces the vision for the system and discusses its application

  16. A Systemic Functional Study on the Conversational Structure of an Indonesian Spontaneous Dialogue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susanto

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Spontaneous dialogue is an example of spoken text in which its potential can be observed through its conversational structure. As an attempt to interpret the language in spoken text, the paper investigates a spontaneous dialogue in Bahasa Indonesia (Indonesian. The discussion focuses on its conversational structure within systemic functional framework. The structure is built up in the semantic stratum by looking at its exchange and commodity for its speech function. The exchanges are realized by Initiate/Respond moves and the commodity could be either Knowledge or Action oriented. Since a spontaneous dialogue is a contextual phenomenon in experiencing language use, the finding of conversational structure can bring further discussion on connections among individuals bearing cultural identities realized by their experiences through languages.

  17. Comparing Intrinsic and Extrinsic Evaluation of MT Output in a Dialogue System.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Sluis, Ielka; Luz, S.; Schneider, A.

    2010-01-01

    We present an exploratory study to assess machine translation output for application in a dialogue system using an intrinsic and an extrinsic evaluation method. For the intrinsic evaluation we developed an annotation scheme to determine the quality of the translated utterances in isolation. For the

  18. A virtual reality dialogue system for the treatment of social phobia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brinkman, W.P.; Hartanto, D.; Kang, N.; Vliegher, D. de; Kampmann, I.L.; Morina, N.; Emmelkamp, P.G.M.; Neerincx, M.

    2012-01-01

    People with social phobia have a severe fear of everyday social situations. In this paper we describe a virtual reality exposure therapy system specifically designed to expose patients with social phobia to various social situations. Patients can engage in a free speech dialogue with avatars while

  19. A virtual reality dialogue system for the treatment of social phobia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brinkman, W.P.; Hartanto, D.; Kang, N.; Vliegher, D. de; Kampmann, I.L.; Morina, N.; Emmelkamp, P.G.M.; Neerincx, M.

    2012-01-01

    People with social phobia have a severe fear of everyday social situations. In this paper we describe a virtual reality exposure therapy system specifically designed to expose patients with social phobia to various social situations. Patients can engage in a free speech dialogue with avatars while b

  20. NVidia Tutorial

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva; MESSMER, Peter; DEMOUTH, Julien

    2015-01-01

    This tutorial will present Caffee, a powerful Python library to implement solutions working on CPUs and GPUs, and explain how to use it to build and train Convolutional Neural Networks using NVIDIA GPUs. The session requires no prior experience with GPUs or Caffee.

  1. Control via interconnection and damping assignment of linear time-invariant systems: a tutorial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ortega, Romeo; Liu, Zhitao; Su, Hongye

    2012-05-01

    Interconnection and damping assignment is a controller design methodology that regulates the behaviour of dynamical systems assigning a desired port-Hamiltonian structure to the closed-loop. A key step for the application of the method is the solution of the so-called matching equation that, in the case of nonlinear systems, is a partial differential equation. It has recently been shown that for linear systems the problem boils down to the solution of a linear matrix inequality that, moreover, is feasible if and only if the system is stabilisable - making the method universally applicable. It has also been shown that if we narrow the class of assignable structures - e.g. to mechanical instead of the larger port-Hamiltonian - the problem is still translated to a linear matrix inequality, but now stabilisability is not sufficient to ensure its feasibility. It is additionally required that the uncontrolled modes are simple and lie on the jω axis, which is consistent with the considered scenario of mechanical systems without friction. The purpose of this article is to present these important results in a tutorial, self-contained form - invoking only basic linear algebra methods.

  2. Analysing the past and exploring the future of sustainable biomass. Participatory stakeholder dialogue and technological innovation systems research

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Breukers, S.; Hisschemöller, M.; Cuppen, E.; Suurs, R.

    2014-01-01

    This paper explores the potential of combining technological innovation systems research with a participatory stakeholder dialogue, using empirical material from a dialogue on the options of sustainable biomass in the Netherlands and several historical studies into the emerging Dutch biomass innovat

  3. The Comprehensive AOCMF Classification System: Condylar Process Fractures - Level 3 Tutorial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neff, Andreas; Cornelius, Carl-Peter; Rasse, Michael; Torre, Daniel Dalla; Audigé, Laurent

    2014-12-01

    This tutorial outlines the detailed system for fractures of the condylar process at the precision level 3 and is organized in a sequence of sections dealing with the description of the classification system within topographical subdivisions along with rules for fracture coding and a series of case examples with clinical imaging. Basically, the condylar process comprises three fracture levels and is subdivided into the head region, the condylar neck, and the condylar base. Fractures of the condylar head show typical fracture lines either within the lateral pole zone, which may lead to loss of vertical height, or medially to the pole zone, with the latter ones usually not compromising the vertical condyle to fossa relation. In condylar head fractures, the morphology is further described by the presence of minor or major fragmentation, the vertical apposition of fragments at the plane of the head fracture, the displacement of the condylar head with regard to the fossa including a potential distortion of the condylar head congruency resulting in dystopic condyle to fossa relations and the presence or absence of a loss of vertical ramus height. A specific vertical fracture pattern extending from the head to the neck or base subregion is considered. Fractures of the condylar neck and base can be differentiated according to a newly introduced one-third to two-thirds rule with regard to the proportion of the fracture line above and below the level of the sigmoid notch, which is presented in the classification article, and are basically subdivided according to the presence or absence of displacement or dislocation. In both condylar neck and base fractures, the classification is again based on the above mentioned parameters such as fragmentation, displacement of the condylar head with regard to the fossa, including dystopic condyle to fossa relations and loss of vertical ramus height, that is, according to the measurement of the condylar process. In addition, the

  4. 本科生导师制的理论与实践研究%Research on the Theory and Practice of Undergraduate Tutorial System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘畅

    2014-01-01

    The undergraduate tutorial system is a new model to train the undergraduates,to improve the quality of higher education has an important role in. This paper expounds the tutorial system for undergraduate students in origin,connotation and positioning,the implementation of the undergraduate tutorial system and the significance,the present our country university undergraduate tutorial system implementation of existing problems and countermeasures.%本科生导师制是一种新的本科生培养模式,对提高高等教育质量具有重要作用。阐述了本科生导师制的起源、内涵和定位,实行本科生导师制的意义以及目前我国高校实行本科生导师制存在的问题及对策等。

  5. Fiber Nonlinearities: A Tutorial

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Govind P. Agrawal

    2003-01-01

    Fiber nonlinearities have long been regarded as being mostly harmful for fiber-optic communication systems. Over the last few years, however, the nonlinear effects are increasingly being used for practical telecommunications applications,the Raman amplification being only one of the recent examples. In this tutorial I review the vario us nonlinear effects occurring in optical fibers from both standpoints..

  6. Fiber Nonlinearities: A Tutorial

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Govind; P.; Agrawal

    2003-01-01

    Fiber nonlinearities have long been regarded as being mostly harmful for fiber-optic communication systems. Over the last few years, however, the nonlinear effects are increasingly being used for practical telecommunications applications, the Raman amplification being only one of the recent examples. In this tutorial I review the various nonlinear effects occurring in optical fibers from both standpoints..

  7. Dialogos a Robust System for Human-Machine Spoken Dialogue on the Telephone

    CERN Document Server

    Albesano, D; Danieli, M; Gemello, R; Gerbino, E; Rullent, C; Albesano, Dario; Baggia, Paolo; Danieli, Morena; Gemello, Roberto; Gerbino, Elisabetta; Rullent, Claudio

    1996-01-01

    This paper presents Dialogos, a real-time system for human-machine spoken dialogue on the telephone in task-oriented domains. The system has been tested in a large trial with inexperienced users and it has proved robust enough to allow spontaneous interactions both to users which get good recognition performance and to the ones which get lower scores. The robust behavior of the system has been achieved by combining the use of specific language models during the recognition phase of analysis, the tolerance toward spontaneous speech phenomena, the activity of a robust parser, and the use of pragmatic-based dialogue knowledge. This integration of the different modules allows to deal with partial or total breakdowns of the different levels of analysis. We report the field trial data of the system and the evaluation results of the overall system and of the submodules.

  8. Deliberative dialogues as a mechanism for knowledge translation and exchange in health systems decision-making.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyko, Jennifer A; Lavis, John N; Abelson, Julia; Dobbins, Maureen; Carter, Nancy

    2012-12-01

    Models that describe the key features and intended effects of specific knowledge translation and exchange (KTE) interventions are much less prominent than models that provide a more general understanding of KTE. Our aim was to develop a model in order to describe the key features and intended effects of deliberative dialogues used as a KTE strategy and to understand how deliberative dialogues can support evidence-informed policymaking. By using critical interpretive synthesis, we identified 17 papers representing four fields of enquiry and integrated our findings into a model. The key features described in the model are: 1) an appropriate (i.e., conducive to the particular dialogue) meeting environment; 2) an appropriate mix of participants; and, 3) an appropriate use of research evidence. These features combine to create three types of intended effects: 1) short-term individual-level; 3) medium-term community/organizational-level; and, 3) long-term system-level. The concept of capacity building helps to explain the relationship between features and effects. The model is a useful contribution to the KTE field because it is a practical tool that could be used to guide the development and evaluation of deliberative dialogues in order to understand more about achieving particular outcomes in relation to specific issues or contexts.

  9. TMVA tutorial

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva; VOSS, Helge

    2015-01-01

    This tutorial will both give an introduction on how to use TMVA in root6 and showcase some new features, such as modularity, variable importance, interfaces to R and python. After explaining the basic functionality, the typical steps required during a real life application (such as variable selection, pre-processing, tuning and classifier evaluation) will be demonstrated on simple examples. First part of the tutorial will use the usual Root interface (please make sure you have Root 6.04 installed somewhere). The second part will utilize the new server notebook functionality of Root as a Service. If you are within CERN but outside the venue or outside CERN please consult the notes attached.

  10. Targeted Help for Spoken Dialogue Systems: Intelligent Feedback Improves Naive Users' Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hockey, Beth Ann; Lemon, Oliver; Campana, Ellen; Hiatt, Laura; Aist, Gregory; Hieronymous, Jim; Gruenstein, Alexander; Dowding, John

    2003-01-01

    We present experimental evidence that providing naive users of a spoken dialogue system with immediate help messages related to their out-of-coverage utterances improves their success in using the system. A grammar-based recognizer and a Statistical Language Model (SLM) recognizer are run simultaneously. If the grammar-based recognizer suceeds, the less accurate SLM recognizer hypothesis is not used. When the grammar-based recognizer fails and the SLM recognizer produces a recognition hypothesis, this result is used by the Targeted Help agent to give the user feed-back on what was recognized, a diagnosis of what was problematic about the utterance, and a related in-coverage example. The in-coverage example is intended to encourage alignment between user inputs and the language model of the system. We report on controlled experiments on a spoken dialogue system for command and control of a simulated robotic helicopter.

  11. Research Methods Tutor: evaluation of a dialogue-based tutoring system in the classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnott, Elizabeth; Hastings, Peter; Allbritton, David

    2008-08-01

    Research Methods Tutor (RMT) is a dialogue-based intelligent tutoring system for use in conjunction with undergraduate psychology research methods courses. RMT includes five topics that correspond to the curriculum of introductory research methods courses: ethics, variables, reliability, validity, and experimental design. We evaluated the effectiveness of the RMT system in the classroom using a nonequivalent control group design. Students in three classes (n = 83) used RMT, and students in two classes (n = 53) did not use RMT. Results indicated that the use of RMT yieldedstrong learning gains of 0.75 standard deviations above classroom instruction alone. Further, the dialogue-based tutoring condition of the system resulted in higher gains than did the textbook-style condition (CAI version) of the system. Future directions for RMT include the addition of new topics and tutoring elements.

  12. Integrated characters with dialogue and tutorial strategies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wißner, M.; Bühling, R.; Linnebank, F.; Beek, W.; André, E.

    2011-01-01

    In this deliverable, we introduce three new virtual character support types (Critic, Quiz and Diagnosis) which are linked to different kinds of conceptual knowledge (such as semantic feedback or multiple choice questions) generated within the DynaLearn software. We show how this knowledge is extract

  13. Pharmacometrics and Systems Pharmacology Software Tutorials and Use: Comments and Guidelines for PSP Contributions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vicini, P; Friberg, L E; van der Graaf, P H; Rostami-Hodjegan, A

    2013-12-18

    In addition to methodological Tutorials,(1) CPT:PSP has recently started to publish software Tutorials.(2,3) Our readership and authors may be wondering what kind of format or product is expected, and the review of submissions we have already received prompted several discussions within the PSP Editorial Team. This editorial reflects on these discussions and summarizes their salient points. It aims at providing some details about the current vision of CPT:PSP for software tutorial articles. In addition, it brings some clarity on the topic of what role commercial software tutorials can have in CPT:PSP and how CPT:PSP tutorials differ from publications which describe the software itself, as those which can be found in other computer science journals. Finally, the discussion includes reproducibility considerations and the general use of commercial and noncommercial software in CPT:PSP publications. We hope our thoughts, and especially a stated requirement to publish user input to the software to aid in reproducibility, will help in guiding our authors and will stimulate healthy debate among our readers about the evolving nature of our science, how it can be facilitated using software and associated databases as a conduit, and what role this journal can play in fostering both the best modeling and simulation practices and the best scientific approaches to computational modeling, to bring the advantages of modeling and simulation to all regular practitioners, and not to just a (self) selected few.

  14. Utilizing Statistical Dialogue Act Processing in Verbmobil

    CERN Document Server

    Reithinger, N; Reithinger, Norbert; Maier, Elisabeth

    1995-01-01

    In this paper, we present a statistical approach for dialogue act processing in the dialogue component of the speech-to-speech translation system \\vm. Statistics in dialogue processing is used to predict follow-up dialogue acts. As an application example we show how it supports repair when unexpected dialogue states occur.

  15. Dialogue as interpersonal synergy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fusaroli, Riccardo; Raczaszek-Leonardi, Joanna; Tylén, Kristian

    2014-01-01

    dialogue based on the notion of interpersonal synergy. Crucial to this synergetic model is the emphasis on dialogue as an emergent, self-organizing, interpersonal system capable of functional coordination. A consequence of this model is that linguistic processes cannot be reduced to the workings...... of individual cognitive systems but must be approached also at the interpersonal level. From such a perspective follows a number of new predictions: beyond simple synchrony, dialogue affords complementary dynamics, constrained by contextual sensitivity and functional specificity. We substantiate our arguments...... by reference to recent empirical studies supporting the idea of dialogue as interpersonal synergy....

  16. Ontology-Driven Instant Messaging-Based Dialogue System for Device Control

    KAUST Repository

    Noguera-Arnaldos, José Ángel

    2015-10-14

    The im4Things platform aims to develop a communication interface for devices in the Internet of the Things (IoT) through intelligent dialogue based on written natural language over instant messaging services. This type of communication can be established in different ways such as order sending and, status querying. Also, the devices themselves are responsible for alerting users when a change has been produced in the device’s sensors. The system has been validated and it has obtained promising results.

  17. Proactive spoken dialogue interaction in multi-party environments

    CERN Document Server

    Strauß, Petra-Maria

    2010-01-01

    This book describes spoken dialogue systems that act as independent dialogue partners in the conversation with and between users. It presents novel methods for dialogue history and dialogue management.

  18. An Evaluation of Pedagogical Tutorial Tactics for a Natural Language Tutoring System: A Reinforcement Learning Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chi, Min; VanLehn, Kurt; Litman, Diane; Jordan, Pamela

    2011-01-01

    Pedagogical strategies are policies for a tutor to decide the next action when there are multiple actions available. When the content is controlled to be the same across experimental conditions, there has been little evidence that tutorial decisions have an impact on students' learning. In this paper, we applied Reinforcement Learning (RL) to…

  19. Dialogue / End of dialogue

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thygesen, Mads

    2009-01-01

    Afhandlingen fremsætter en analyse af udsigelse i ny europæisk dramatik fra perioden 1995 til 2006 med særligt fokus på værker af Martin Crimp, Sarah Kane og Roland Schimmelpfennig. ”Dialogue / End of dialogue” er sondringer i tre dramatiske forfatterskaber, der udtrykker dramatikkens aktuelle...... og genreteoretisk perspektiv. Under den spørgende titel, ”Dialogue / End of dialogue”, går afhandlingen i kritisk dialog med en udbredt idé om, at vi aktuelt har bevæget os hinsides det dramatiske paradigme, og bidrager dermed til at tegne et mere nuanceret billede af den nye europæiske dramatik....

  20. Ellipsis and Coreference Resolution in a Computerized Virtual Patient Dialogue System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Chuan-Jie; Pao, Chien-Wei; Chen, Yen-Heng; Liu, Chi-Ting; Hsu, Hui-Huang

    2016-09-01

    This paper describes the design of an ellipsis and coreference resolution module integrated in a computerized virtual patient dialogue system. Real medical diagnosis dialogues have been collected and analyzed. Several groups of diagnosis-related concepts were defined and used to construct rules, patterns, and features to detect and resolve ellipsis and coreference. The best F-scores of ellipsis detection and resolution were 89.15 % and 83.40 %, respectively. The best F-scores of phrasal coreference detection and resolution were 93.83 % and 83.40 %, respectively. The accuracy of pronominal anaphora resolution was 92 % for the 3rd-person singular pronouns referring to specific entities, and 97.31 % for other pronouns.

  1. Inspiring Dialogue

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    An exclusive interview with Yang Rui, the renowned English-language host of the show Dialogue, on CCTV-9 By LIU PING On the 10-year anniver sary of the international channel CCTV-9 ’ s famous talk show Dialogue ,

  2. Manufacturing cost/design system: A CAD/CAM dialogue

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loshigian, H. H.; Rachowitz, B. I.; Judson, D.

    1980-01-01

    The development of the Manufacturing Cost/Design System (MC/DS) will provide the aerospace design engineer a tool with which to perform heretofore impractical design manufacturing cost tradeoffs. The Air Force Integrated Computer Aided Manufacturing (ICAM) Office has initiated the development and demonstration of an MC/DS which, when fully implemented, will integrate both design and manufacturing data bases to provide real time visibility into the manufacturing costs associated with various design options. The first release of a computerized system will be made before the end of 1981.

  3. Learning from tutorials: a qualitative study of approaches to learning and perceptions of tutorial interaction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herrmann, Kim Jesper

    2014-01-01

    This study examines differences in university students’ approaches to learning when attending tutorials as well as variation in students’ perceptions of tutorials as an educational arena. In-depth qualitative analysis of semi-structured interviews with undergraduates showed how surface and deep...... approaches to learning were revealed in the students’ note-taking, listening, and engaging in dialogue. It was also shown how variation in the students’ approaches to learning were coherent with variation in the students’ perceptions of the tutors’ pedagogical role, the value of peer interaction......, and the overall purpose of tutorials. The results are discussed regarding the paradox that students relying on surface approaches to learning seemingly are the ones least likely to respond to tutorials in the way they were intended....

  4. Learning from tutorials: a qualitative study of approaches to learning and perceptions of tutorial interaction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herrmann, Kim Jesper

    2014-01-01

    This study examines differences in university students’ approaches to learning when attending tutorials as well as variation in students’ perceptions of tutorials as an educational arena. In-depth qualitative analysis of semi-structured interviews with undergraduates showed how surface and deep...... approaches to learning were revealed in the students’ note-taking, listening, and engaging in dialogue. It was also shown how variation in the students’ approaches to learning were coherent with variation in the students’ perceptions of the tutors’ pedagogical role, the value of peer interaction......, and the overall purpose of tutorials. The results are discussed regarding the paradox that students relying on surface approaches to learning seemingly are the ones least likely to respond to tutorials in the way they were intended....

  5. Models of Persuasion Dialogue

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prakken, Henry

    This chapter1 reviews formal dialogue systems for persuasion. In persuasion dialogues two or more participants try to resolve a conflict of opinion, each trying to persuade the other participants to adopt their point of view. Dialogue systems for persuasion regulate how such dialogues can be conducted and what their outcome is. Good dialogue systems ensure that conflicts of view can be resolved in a fair and effective way [6]. The term ‘persuasion dialogue’ was coined by Walton [13] as part of his influential classification of dialogues into six types according to their goal. While persuasion aims to resolve a difference of opinion, negotiation tries to resolve a conflict of interest by reaching a deal, information seeking aims at transferring information, deliberationdeliberation wants to reach a decision on a course of action, inquiry is aimed at “growth of knowledge and agreement” and quarrel is the verbal substitute of a fight. This classification leaves room for shifts of dialogues of one type to another. In particular, other types of dialogues can shift to persuasion when a conflict of opinion arises. For example, in information-seeking a conflict of opinion could arise on the credibility of a source of information, in deliberation the participants may disagree about likely effects of plans or actions and in negotiation they may disagree about the reasons why a proposal is in one’s interest.

  6. Why Students Learn More From Dialogue-Than Monologue-Videos: Analyses of Peer Interactions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chi, Michelene T. H.; Kang, Seokmin; Yaghmourian, David L.

    2017-01-01

    In 2 separate studies, we found that college-age students learned more when they collaboratively watched tutorial dialogue-videos than lecture-style monologue-videos. In fact, they can learn as well as the tutees in the dialogue-videos. These results replicate similar findings in the literature showing the advantage of dialogue-videos even when…

  7. Improving the Efficiency of Dialogue in Tutoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kopp, Kristopher J.; Britt, M. Anne; Millis, Keith; Graesser, Arthur C.

    2012-01-01

    The current studies investigated the efficient use of dialogue in intelligent tutoring systems that use natural language interaction. Such dialogues can be relatively time-consuming. This work addresses the question of how much dialogue is needed to produce significant learning gains. In Experiment 1, a full dialogue condition and a read-only…

  8. Libraries serving dialogue

    CERN Document Server

    Dupont, Odile

    2014-01-01

    This book based on experiences of libraries serving interreligious dialogue, presents themes like library tools serving dialogue between cultures, collections dialoguing, children and young adults dialoguing beyond borders, story telling as dialog, librarians serving interreligious dialogue.

  9. The Generation of Textual Entailment with NLML in an Intelligent Dialogue system for Language Learning CSIEC

    CERN Document Server

    Jia, Jiyou

    2008-01-01

    This research report introduces the generation of textual entailment within the project CSIEC (Computer Simulation in Educational Communication), an interactive web-based human-computer dialogue system with natural language for English instruction. The generation of textual entailment (GTE) is critical to the further improvement of CSIEC project. Up to now we have found few literatures related with GTE. Simulating the process that a human being learns English as a foreign language we explore our naive approach to tackle the GTE problem and its algorithm within the framework of CSIEC, i.e. rule annotation in NLML, pattern recognition (matching), and entailment transformation. The time and space complexity of our algorithm is tested with some entailment examples. Further works include the rules annotation based on the English textbooks and a GUI interface for normal users to edit the entailment rules.

  10. Dialogue enabling speech-to-text user assistive agent system for hearing-impaired person.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Seongjae; Kang, Sunmee; Han, David K; Ko, Hanseok

    2016-06-01

    A novel approach for assisting bidirectional communication between people of normal hearing and hearing-impaired is presented. While the existing hearing-impaired assistive devices such as hearing aids and cochlear implants are vulnerable in extreme noise conditions or post-surgery side effects, the proposed concept is an alternative approach wherein spoken dialogue is achieved by means of employing a robust speech recognition technique which takes into consideration of noisy environmental factors without any attachment into human body. The proposed system is a portable device with an acoustic beamformer for directional noise reduction and capable of performing speech-to-text transcription function, which adopts a keyword spotting method. It is also equipped with an optimized user interface for hearing-impaired people, rendering intuitive and natural device usage with diverse domain contexts. The relevant experimental results confirm that the proposed interface design is feasible for realizing an effective and efficient intelligent agent for hearing-impaired.

  11. Goal-based communication using BDI agents as virtual humans in training: An ontology driven dialogue system

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oijen, J. van; Doesburg, W. van; Dignum, F.

    2011-01-01

    Simulations for training can greatly benefit from BDI agents as virtual humans playing the role of key players. Learning to communicate effectively is a key aspect of training to command a team that is managing a crisis. In this paper, we present a goal-based dialogue system which has been applied

  12. Goal-based communication using BDI agents as virtual humans in training: An ontology driven dialogue system

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oijen, J. van; Doesburg, W. van; Dignum, F.

    2011-01-01

    Simulations for training can greatly benefit from BDI agents as virtual humans playing the role of key players. Learning to communicate effectively is a key aspect of training to command a team that is managing a crisis. In this paper, we present a goal-based dialogue system which has been applied t

  13. Goal-based communication using BDI agents as virtual humans in training: An ontology driven dialogue system

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oijen, J. van; Doesburg, W. van; Dignum, F.

    2011-01-01

    Simulations for training can greatly benefit from BDI agents as virtual humans playing the role of key players. Learning to communicate effectively is a key aspect of training to command a team that is managing a crisis. In this paper, we present a goal-based dialogue system which has been applied t

  14. Assessing Online Textual Feedback to Support Student Intrinsic Motivation Using a Collaborative Text-Based Dialogue System: A Qualitative Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shroff, Ronnie H.; Deneen, Christopher

    2011-01-01

    This paper assesses textual feedback to support student intrinsic motivation using a collaborative text-based dialogue system. A research model is presented based on research into intrinsic motivation, and the specific construct of feedback provides a framework for the model. A qualitative research methodology is used to validate the model.…

  15. Dialogue Research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duelund, Peter

    1991-01-01

    Departing from Anthony Giddens´s theory of structuration and the concept double hermeneutics and Jürgen Habermas´s Theory of Communicative Actions the article specifies theories and methods af dialogue as method in the humanities and social sciences. The article concludes by pointing at dialogues...... as a new theoretical, methodological and empirical research concept i an society where the traditional planning instruments have failed....

  16. Web-tutorials in context

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Haakon; Pors, Niels Ole

    2012-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of the research is to investigate Norwegian web‐tutorials in contexts consisting of organizational issues and different forms of usability in relation to students’ perception and use of the system. Further, the research investigates the usefulness of the concepts concerning...

  17. CJS 211 Course Tutorial/TutorialRank

    OpenAIRE

    candice

    2015-01-01

    For more course tutorials visit www.tutorialrank.com Tutorial Purchased: 8 Times, Rating: A+   CJS 211 Week 1 Individual Assignment Ethical Dilemma Paper CJS 211 Week 1 DQ 1 CJS 211 Week 1 DQ 2 CJS 211 Week 2 Individual Assignment Ethical Dilemma Worksheet Law Enforcement CJS 211 Week 2 DQ 1 CJS 211 Week 2 DQ 2 CJS 211 Week 2 Team Assignment Ethical Decision Making Paper CJS 211 Week 3 Individual Assignment Ethical Dilemma Worksheet Prosecutors...

  18. Engaging Allied-Health Students with Virtual Learning Environment Using Course Management System Tutorial Site

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew Nguyen

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Human Anatomy and Physiology I and II are major gateway courses into nursing and other health related sciences careers.  Being a New York City community college, the students at Queensborough Community College are highly diverse not only in their ethnic and cultural background, but also in the levels of preparedness. When they take Human Anatomy-Physiology I as the first pre-requisite class, many are either freshman or returning students after a hiatus. Many students lack formal training in Science or Biology and are overwhelmed by the depth and immensity of the material presented in above courses. Though the enrollment for these classes is heavy; above factors lead to high attrition rates. However one common feature of this new generation of students is their access and familiarity to the internet, digital technology and other techno gadgets such as smart phones, tablets, etc. Though it is hard for us to accept, it is a fact that today’s generation of students (generation Y is more techno savvy and these gadgets engage (or distract them more than books. This indicated a clear need for developing alternatives to traditional teaching methods to engage students of an urban community college setting. We decided to investigate if a web-based supplemental tutorial would help engage these students and thus help them build their course knowledge base to improve their academic performance.

  19. Fuzzy Control Tutorial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dotoli, M.; Jantzen, Jan

    1999-01-01

    The tutorial concerns automatic control of an inverted pendulum, especially rule based control by means of fuzzy logic. A ball balancer, implemented in a software simulator in Matlab, is used as a practical case study. The objectives of the tutorial are to teach the basics of fuzzy control......, and to show how to apply fuzzy logic in automatic control. The tutorial is distance learning, where students interact one-to-one with the teacher using e-mail....

  20. Fuzzy Control Tutorial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dotoli, M.; Jantzen, Jan

    1999-01-01

    The tutorial concerns automatic control of an inverted pendulum, especially rule based control by means of fuzzy logic. A ball balancer, implemented in a software simulator in Matlab, is used as a practical case study. The objectives of the tutorial are to teach the basics of fuzzy control, and t......, and to show how to apply fuzzy logic in automatic control. The tutorial is distance learning, where students interact one-to-one with the teacher using e-mail....

  1. Discourse Obligations in Dialogue Processing

    CERN Document Server

    Traum, D R; Traum, David R.; Allen, James F.

    1994-01-01

    We show that in modeling social interaction, particularly dialogue, the attitude of obligation can be a useful adjunct to the popularly considered attitudes of belief, goal, and intention and their mutual and shared counterparts. In particular, we show how discourse obligations can be used to account in a natural manner for the connection between a question and its answer in dialogue and how obligations can be used along with other parts of the discourse context to extend the coverage of a dialogue system.

  2. Research on Implementation of Undergraduate Tutorial System in College and University%我国高校本科生导师制实施思路探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    籍丹宁

    2011-01-01

    本科生导师制是我国高等教育改革的重要组成部分,对于学分制的完善、培养个性化教育和推行素质教育都具有重要的意义,我国高校的本科生导师制应该从专业指导、就业指导、生活指导和思想指导四个方面实施.%Undergraduate tutorial system is one of important part of higher education revolution in China. It is meaningful both for perfection of the credit system and push of individual education and quality-oriented education. Undergraduate tutorial system in college and university should be implemented from professional guidance, employment guidance, living guidance and thought guidance.

  3. Building Channels of Dialogue Between Information Systems and Information Users: An Investigation to Information Situation and Information Gap

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hsiang Chen

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available This research explores the possibility of building a simulating channel of dialogue between information systems and information users. By keeping the two-way dialogue, the information system is able to understand the information users’ seeking behavior, goals and motivations, and the users’ information problems per se. Using Dervin’s sense-making model, this study tries to investigate the user’s situational needs and problems before and after in getting access to the electronic government portal of Taiwan. By analyzing users’ self-evaluation including users’ information situations, problems, and gaps, a better and more powerful information system in understanding users’ information problems can be developed.[Article content in Chinese

  4. Generating Consistent Program Tutorials

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestdam, Thomas

    2002-01-01

    In this paper we present a tool that supports construction of program tutorials. A program tutorial provides the reader with an understanding of an example program by interleaving fragments of source code and explaining text. An example program can for example illustrate how to use a library...

  5. EFFECTIVE ELECTRONIC TUTORIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrei A. Fedoseev

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes effective electronic tutorials creation and application based on the theory of pedagogy. Herewith the issues of necessary electronic tutorial functional, ways of the educational process organization with the use of information and communication technologies and the logistics of electronic educational resources are touched upon. 

  6. IL web tutorials

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hyldegård, Jette; Lund, Haakon

    2012-01-01

    The paper presents the results from a study on information literacy in a higher education (HE) context based on a larger research project evaluating 3 Norwegian IL web tutorials at 6 universities and colleges in Norway. The aim was to evaluate how the 3 web tutorials served students’ information...... seeking and writing process in an study context and to identify barriers to the employment and use of the IL web tutorials, hence to the underlying information literacy intentions by the developer. Both qualitative and quantitative methods were employed. A clear mismatch was found between intention...... and use of the web tutorials. In addition, usability only played a minor role compared to relevance. It is concluded that the positive expectations of the IL web tutorials tend to be overrated by the developers. Suggestions for further research are presented....

  7. Interface for Barge-in Free Spoken Dialogue System Based on Sound Field Reproduction and Microphone Array

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hinamoto Yoichi

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available A barge-in free spoken dialogue interface using sound field control and microphone array is proposed. In the conventional spoken dialogue system using an acoustic echo canceller, it is indispensable to estimate a room transfer function, especially when the transfer function is changed by various interferences. However, the estimation is difficult when the user and the system speak simultaneously. To resolve the problem, we propose a sound field control technique to prevent the response sound from being observed. Combined with a microphone array, the proposed method can achieve high elimination performance with no adaptive process. The efficacy of the proposed interface is ascertained in the experiments on the basis of sound elimination and speech recognition.

  8. Are You Talking to Me? Dialogue Systems Supporting Mixed Teams of Humans and Robots

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dowding, John; Clancey, William J.; Graham, Jeffrey

    2006-01-01

    This position paper describes an approach to building spoken dialogue systems for environments containing multiple human speakers and hearers, and multiple robotic speakers and hearers. We address the issue, for robotic hearers, of whether the speech they hear is intended for them, or more likely to be intended for some other hearer. We will describe data collected during a series of experiments involving teams of multiple human and robots (and other software participants), and some preliminary results for distinguishing robot-directed speech from human-directed speech. The domain of these experiments is Mars-analogue planetary exploration. These Mars-analogue field studies involve two subjects in simulated planetary space suits doing geological exploration with the help of 1-2 robots, supporting software agents, a habitat communicator and links to a remote science team. The two subjects are performing a task (geological exploration) which requires them to speak with each other while also speaking with their assistants. The technique used here is to use a probabilistic context-free grammar language model in the speech recognizer that is trained on prior robot-directed speech. Intuitively, the recognizer will give higher confidence to an utterance if it is similar to utterances that have been directed to the robot in the past.

  9. Multimodal Dialogue Management - State of the art

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bui Huu Trung, B.H.T.

    This report is about the state of the art in dialogue management. We first introduce an overview of a multimodal dialogue system and its components. Second, four main approaches to dialogue management are described (finite-state and frame-based, information-state based and probabilistic, plan-based,

  10. IL web tutorials

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hyldegård, Jette; Lund, Haakon

    2012-01-01

    The paper presents the results from a study on information literacy in a higher education (HE) context based on a larger research project evaluating 3 Norwegian IL web tutorials at 6 universities and colleges in Norway. The aim was to evaluate how the 3 web tutorials served students’ information...... seeking and writing process in an study context and to identify barriers to the employment and use of the IL web tutorials, hence to the underlying information literacy intentions by the developer. Both qualitative and quantitative methods were employed. A clear mismatch was found between intention...

  11. A Tutorial on Variational Integrators

    CERN Document Server

    Webb, Stephen D

    2014-01-01

    We present a brief tutorial on the nuts and bolts computation of a multisymplectic particle-in-cell algorithm using the discretized Lagrangian approach. This approach, originated by Marsden, Shadwick, and others, brings the benefits of symplectic integration of Hamiltonian systems to full electromagnetic particle-in-cell algorithms. To make the work more approachable, we present a basic discussion of the philosophy, combined with a detailed derivation of a standard 1-dimensional electrostatic particle-in-cell algorithm.

  12. Disastrous Dialogue

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Just, Sine Nørholm; Berg, Kristine Marie

    2016-01-01

    In 2010 the Danish artist Søren Thilo Funder was in Cairo to produce the art film Disastrous Dialogue. As Funder set to work he had a foreboding about how politically charged the piece might be. When he cut the film, however, events had exceeded his most fateful premonitions, reshaping the interp...... through the lens of the concept of plasticity. This leads us to propose a plastic understanding of agency as both formed by and formative of meaningful relationships—and able to creatively destruct and, thereby, transform configurations of meaning....... the interpretative context completely. The changes in Egyptian society, thus, altered the possible meaning–agency relations of the finished work. Through a close reading and a conceptually guided criticism of the text–context relationships of Disastrous Dialogue we explore interrelations of meaning and agency...

  13. Specialized Language Models using Dialogue Predictions

    CERN Document Server

    Popovici, C; Popovici, Cosmin; Baggia, Paolo

    1996-01-01

    This paper analyses language modeling in spoken dialogue systems for accessing a database. The use of several language models obtained by exploiting dialogue predictions gives better results than the use of a single model for the whole dialogue interaction. For this reason several models have been created, each one for a specific system question, such as the request or the confirmation of a parameter. The use of dialogue-dependent language models increases the performance both at the recognition and at the understanding level, especially on answers to system requests. Moreover other methods to increase performance, like automatic clustering of vocabulary words or the use of better acoustic models during recognition, does not affect the improvements given by dialogue-dependent language models. The system used in our experiments is Dialogos, the Italian spoken dialogue system used for accessing railway timetable information over the telephone. The experiments were carried out on a large corpus of dialogues coll...

  14. Applications of General Systems Theory to the Development of an Adjustable Tutorial Software Machine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vos, Hans J.

    1994-01-01

    Describes the construction of a model of computer-assisted instruction using a qualitative block diagram based on general systems theory (GST) as a framework. Subject matter representation is discussed, and appendices include system variables and system equations of the GST model, as well as an example of developing flexible courseware. (Contains…

  15. Adult nutrition assessment tutorial

    Science.gov (United States)

    This tutorial presents a systematic approach to nutrition assessment based on a modern appreciation for the contributions of inflammation that serve as the foundation for newly proposed consensus definitions for malnutrition syndromes. Practical indicators of malnutrition and inflammation have been ...

  16. Intelligent tutorial system for teaching of probability and statistics at high school in Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Gudino Penaloza, Miguel Gonzalez Mendoza, Neil Hernandez Gress, Jaime Mora Vargas

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the implementation of an intelligent tutoring system dedicated to teaching probability and statistics atthe preparatory school (or high school in Mexico. The system solution was used as a desktop computer and adapted tocarry a mobile environment for the implementation of mobile learning or m-learning. The system complies with the idea ofbeing adaptable to the needs of each student and is able to adapt to three different teaching models that meet the criteriaof three student profiles.

  17. A Tutorial on Detection and Characterization of Special Behavior in Large Electric Power Systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hauer, John F.; DeSteese, John G.

    2004-08-20

    The objective of this document is to report results in the detection and characterization of special behavior in large electric power systems. Such behavior is usually dynamic in nature, but not always. This is also true for the underlying sources of special behavior. At the device level, a source of special behavior might be an automatic control system, a dynamic load, or even a manual control system that is operated according to some sharply defined policy. Other possible sources include passive system conditions, such as the state of a switched device or the amount of power carried on some critical line. Detection and characterization are based upon “signature information” that is extracted from the behavior observed. Characterization elements include the signature information itself, the nature of the behavior and its likely causes, and the associated implications for the system or for the public at large. With sufficient data and processing, this characterization may directly identify a particular condition or device at a specific location. Such conclusive results cannot always be done from just one observation, however. Information environments that are very sparse may require multiple observations, comparative model studies, and even direct testing of the system.

  18. Periodic orbit analysis of a system with continuous symmetry—A tutorial

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Budanur, Nazmi Burak, E-mail: budanur3@gatech.edu; Cvitanović, Predrag [School of Physics and Center for Nonlinear Science, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332 (United States); Borrero-Echeverry, Daniel [School of Physics and Center for Nonlinear Science, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332 (United States); Department of Physics, Reed College, Portland, Oregon 97202 (United States)

    2015-07-15

    Dynamical systems with translational or rotational symmetry arise frequently in studies of spatially extended physical systems, such as Navier-Stokes flows on periodic domains. In these cases, it is natural to express the state of the fluid in terms of a Fourier series truncated to a finite number of modes. Here, we study a 4-dimensional model with chaotic dynamics and SO(2) symmetry similar to those that appear in fluid dynamics problems. A crucial step in the analysis of such a system is symmetry reduction. We use the model to illustrate different symmetry-reduction techniques. The system's relative equilibria are conveniently determined by rewriting the dynamics in terms of a symmetry-invariant polynomial basis. However, for the analysis of its chaotic dynamics, the “method of slices,” which is applicable to very high-dimensional problems, is preferable. We show that a Poincaré section taken on the 'slice' can be used to further reduce this flow to what is for all practical purposes a unimodal map. This enables us to systematically determine all relative periodic orbits and their symbolic dynamics up to any desired period. We then present cycle averaging formulas adequate for systems with continuous symmetry and use them to compute dynamical averages using relative periodic orbits. The convergence of such computations is discussed.

  19. Glass science tutorial: Lecture No. 8, introduction cementitious systems for Low-Level Waste immobilization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Young, J.F.; Kirkpatrick, R.J.; Mason, T.O.; Brough, A.

    1995-07-01

    This report presents details about cementitious systems for low-level waste immobilization. Topics discussed include: composition and properties of portland cement; hydration properties; microstructure of concrete; pozzolans; slags; zeolites; transport properties; and geological aspects of long-term durability of concrete.

  20. The AAPM/RSNA physics tutorial for residents: fluoroscopy: optical coupling and the video system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Lysel, M S

    2000-01-01

    In fluoroscopic/fluorographic systems, an image intensifier is optically coupled to recording cameras. The optical distributor is responsible for transmitting a focused image from the output phosphor of the image intensifier to the focal planes of the cameras. Each camera has an aperture, which is used to control the level of light reaching its focal plane. The aperture setting determines the patient x-ray exposure level and the image noise level. Increasing the x-ray exposure reduces image noise; reducing the x-ray exposure increases image noise. Fluoroscopic/fluorographic systems always include a video camera. The functions of the video system are to provide for multiple observers and to facilitate image recording. The camera head contains an image sensor, which converts the light image from the image intensifier into a voltage signal. The device used to generate the video signal is a pickup tube or a charge-coupled device sensor. The method used is raster scanning, of which there are two types: progressive and interlaced. The vertical resolution of the system is primarily determined by the number of scan lines; the horizontal resolution is primarily determined by the bandwidth. Frame rate reduction can be a powerful tool for exposure reduction.

  1. A Tutorial on Electro-Optical/Infrared (EO/IR) Theory and Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Generation FLIR • Benefits of Gen 3 FLIR – Better day signatures (MWIR band) – Better transmission (always have the best band) – Better countermeasure...bands, – Hyper-spectral > 50 bands, • For multi-spectral systems, the bands are chosen with very specific applications in mind. – Chlorophyll , algae

  2. Signature Pedagogy/Powerful Pedagogy: The Oxford Tutorial System in the Humanities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horn, Julia

    2013-01-01

    Lee Shulman's concept of signature pedagogies in the professions has captured the imagination of many researchers and educators. In higher education, the concept has been extended to teaching in particular disciplines, and it is here argued that the concept of signature pedagogy can be usefully extended to an influential teaching system in the…

  3. SPIN Tutorial: How to Become a SPIN Doctor

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ruys, T.C.; Bosnacki, D.; Leue, S.

    2002-01-01

    SPIN is a model checker for the verification of software systems. SPIN uses a high level language called PROMELA to specify systems descriptions. The goal of this tutorial is to introduce novice users to both PROMELA and SPIN. The tutorial itself is divided into two parts. The BASIC SPIN part is tar

  4. Machine learning techniques in dialogue act recognition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark Fišel

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available This report addresses dialogue acts, their existing applications and techniques of automatically recognizing them, in Estonia as well as elsewhere. Three main applications are described: in dialogue systems to determine the intention of the speaker, in dialogue systems with machine translation to resolve ambiguities in the possible translation variants and in speech recognition to reduce word recognition error rate. Several recognition techniques are described on the surface level: how they work and how they are trained. A summary of the corresponding representation methods is provided for each technique. The paper also includes examples of applying the techniques to dialogue act recognition.The author comes to the conclusion that using the current evaluation metric it is impossible to compare dialogue act recognition techniques when these are applied to different dialogue act tag sets. Dialogue acts remain an open research area, with space and need for developing new recognition techniques and methods of evaluation.

  5. Exploratory analysis of real personal emergency response call conversations: considerations for personal emergency response spoken dialogue systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Victoria; Rochon, Elizabeth; Mihailidis, Alex

    2016-11-14

    The purpose of this study was to derive data from real, recorded, personal emergency response call conversations to help improve the artificial intelligence and decision making capability of a spoken dialogue system in a smart personal emergency response system. The main study objectives were to: develop a model of personal emergency response; determine categories for the model's features; identify and calculate measures from call conversations (verbal ability, conversational structure, timing); and examine conversational patterns and relationships between measures and model features applicable for improving the system's ability to automatically identify call model categories and predict a target response. This study was exploratory and used mixed methods. Personal emergency response calls were pre-classified according to call model categories identified qualitatively from response call transcripts. The relationships between six verbal ability measures, three conversational structure measures, two timing measures and three independent factors: caller type, risk level, and speaker type, were examined statistically. Emergency medical response services were the preferred response for the majority of medium and high risk calls for both caller types. Older adult callers mainly requested non-emergency medical service responders during medium risk situations. By measuring the number of spoken words-per-minute and turn-length-in-words for the first spoken utterance of a call, older adult and care provider callers could be identified with moderate accuracy. Average call taker response time was calculated using the number-of-speaker-turns and time-in-seconds measures. Care providers and older adults used different conversational strategies when responding to call takers. The words 'ambulance' and 'paramedic' may hold different latent connotations for different callers. The data derived from the real personal emergency response recordings may help a spoken dialogue system

  6. Adaptive Tutoring for Self-Regulated Learning: A Tutorial on Tutoring Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-01

    learning (SRL) per the Army Learning Model • ontology • tools • methods • standards • exemplars Adaptive Tutoring Systems • Adaptive • Affordable... Ontology -based Student model in Semantic-oriented Access to the Knowledge in Digital Libraries. In proc. of HUBUSKA Fourth Open Workshop “Semantic Web...support or direct). This team state model is a compound model of the trust states existing between team members. The trust relationships are bi -direction

  7. Building dialogue POMDPs from expert dialogues an end-to-end approach

    CERN Document Server

    Chinaei, Hamidreza

    2016-01-01

    This book discusses the Partially Observable Markov Decision Process (POMDP) framework applied in dialogue systems. It presents POMDP as a formal framework to represent uncertainty explicitly while supporting automated policy solving. The authors propose and implement an end-to-end learning approach for dialogue POMDP model components. Starting from scratch, they present the state, the transition model, the observation model and then finally the reward model from unannotated and noisy dialogues. These altogether form a significant set of contributions that can potentially inspire substantial further work. This concise manuscript is written in a simple language, full of illustrative examples, figures, and tables. Provides insights on building dialogue systems to be applied in real domain Illustrates learning dialogue POMDP model components from unannotated dialogues in a concise format Introduces an end-to-end approach that makes use of unannotated and noisy dialogue for learning each component of dialogue POM...

  8. Implementation of the undergraduate tutorial system intended for four-year medical English undergraduates%医学英语本科生导师制探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛英利; 张小妮; 周密; 梁栋

    2013-01-01

    医学英语人才育人理念与培养模式的创新是特色强校与强特色专业的必然要求,也是人才培养服务社会的迫切需要.医学英语本科生培养中,通过实施低年级导师制与高年级导师组制融合,沿用小组合作学习理念,强化全人教育理念,适时分阶段引导学生个性化人格和学业双向发展,充分发挥导师及导师团队在人才培养过程中的核心作用,最终实现过程培养与目标培养的统一.%Innovation of cultivation mode and concepts for medical English should be suited to the requirements of making university academically outstanding by its individualized school-running,requirements of strengthening distinguished majors as well as needs for qualified medical English graduates.Through combining undergraduate tutorial system of lower grades with undergraduate tutorial system of higher grades,continuing implementing concepts of team cooperation,strengthening holistic education concept and guiding the development of students' individual personality and academic study based on stages,tutors and tutorial team can play their central roles in the training and molding of qualified medical English undergraduates,ultimately realizing the unity of process cultivation and objective cultivation.

  9. 对高职院校建立青年教师导师制的几点思考%Reflections on the Establishment of Tutorial System for Young Teachers in Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘立峰

    2014-01-01

    To establish the tutorial system for young teachers in higher vocational colleges is an important way to train young teachers' professional development. Starting from the characteris-tics of young teachers as a "vulnerable group", this paper ana-lyzes the necessity of establishing the tutorial system for young teachers, and elaborates the content and implementation ap-proaches of the tutorial system for young teachers.%高职院校建立青年教师导师制是培养青年教师专业化发展的重要途径之一;从青年教师作为“弱势群体”的特点出发,分析建立青年教师导师制的必要性;阐述青年教师导师制的内容和实施途径。

  10. A Shape Dynamics Tutorial

    CERN Document Server

    Mercati, Flavio

    2014-01-01

    Shape Dynamics (SD) is a new theory of gravity that is based on fewer and more fundamental first principles than General Relativity (GR). The most important feature of SD is the replacement of GR's relativity of simultaneity with a more tractable gauge symmetry, namely invariance under spatial conformal transformations. This Tutorial contains both a quick introduction for readers curious about SD and a detailed walk-through of the historical and conceptual motivations for the theory, its logical development from first principles and an in-depth description of its present status. The Tutorial is sufficiently self-contained for an undergrad student with some basic background in General Relativity and Lagrangian/Hamiltonian mechanics. It is intended both as a reference text for students approaching the subject, and as a review article for researchers interested in the theory. This is a first version of the Tutorial, which will be periodically expanded and updated with the latest results.

  11. Use of IBM LinkWay for Developing Tutorials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagarkatte, Umesh P.; Nagarkatte, Shailaja U.

    IBM LinkWay is an example of a hypertext and hypermedia authoring system. This paper summarizes a workshop presentation that demonstrates how to create a mathematics tutorial using LinkWay. An introduction discusses the guidelines for the tutorial. The guidelines consider the presentation of questions, help features for the students, feedback,…

  12. The SIKS/BiGGrid Big Data Tutorial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hiemstra, Djoerd; Lammerts, Evert; de Vries, A.P.

    2011-01-01

    The School for Information and Knowledge Systems SIKS and the Dutch e-science grid BiG Grid organized a new two-day tutorial on Big Data at the University of Twente on 30 November and 1 December 2011, just preceding the Dutch-Belgian Database Day. The tutorial is on top of some exciting new

  13. The SIKS/BiGGrid Big Data Tutorial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hiemstra, Djoerd; Lammerts, Evert; Vries, de Arjen P.

    2011-01-01

    The School for Information and Knowledge Systems SIKS and the Dutch e-science grid BiG Grid organized a new two-day tutorial on Big Data at the University of Twente on 30 November and 1 December 2011, just preceding the Dutch-Belgian Database Day. The tutorial is on top of some exciting new developm

  14. The SIKS/BiGGrid Big Data Tutorial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hiemstra, Djoerd; Lammerts, Evert; de Vries, A.P.

    2011-01-01

    The School for Information and Knowledge Systems SIKS and the Dutch e-science grid BiG Grid organized a new two-day tutorial on Big Data at the University of Twente on 30 November and 1 December 2011, just preceding the Dutch-Belgian Database Day. The tutorial is on top of some exciting new developm

  15. Plane geometry drawing tutorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Gutiérrez de Ravé

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Se ha desarrollado un tutorial para facilitar la docencia del d ibujo geométrico. Con la idea de servir de apoyo a las explicac iones teóricas y prácticas de los conceptos correspondientes a los trazados ge ométricos planos necesarios en la ingeniería. Este tutorial es de fácil manejo y permite interactividad con el usuario, animaciones prá cticas, autoevaluaciones, explicaciones amplias del temario y l a enseñanza "paso a paso" de los conceptos gracias a los diferent es niveles de complejidad conceptual que incluye en su contenido.

  16. A Tutorial on UPPAAL

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Behrmann, Gerd; David, Alexandre; Larsen, Kim Guldstrand

    2004-01-01

    This is a tutorial paper on the tool Uppaal. Its goal is to be a short introduction on the flavor of timed automata implemented in the tool, to present its interface, and to explain how to use the tool. The contribution of the paper is to provide reference examples and modeling patterns.......This is a tutorial paper on the tool Uppaal. Its goal is to be a short introduction on the flavor of timed automata implemented in the tool, to present its interface, and to explain how to use the tool. The contribution of the paper is to provide reference examples and modeling patterns....

  17. Dialogue and Team Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Game, Ann; Metcalfe, Andrew

    2009-01-01

    Although dialogue is a common word in educational theory, its full significance is diluted if it is seen as a matter of exchange or negotiation of prior intellectual positions. In fact, the "dia"- of dialogue indicates "through": dialogue moves through participants and they through it. Dialogue allows participants to have thoughts they could not…

  18. Modelling multi-issue bargaining dialogues : Data collection, annotation design and corpus

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Petukhova, Volha; Stevens, Christopher; de Weerd, Hermanes; Taatgen, Niels; Cnossen, Fokeltje; Malchanau, Andrei; Calzolari, Nicoletta; Choukri, Khalid; Declerck, Thierry; Goggi, Sara; Grobelnik, Marko; Maegaard, Bente; Mariani, Joseph; Mazo, Hélène; Moreno, Asunción; Odijk, Jan; Piperidis, Stelios

    2016-01-01

    The paper describes experimental dialogue data collection activities, as well semantically annotated corpus creation undertaken within EU-funded METALOGUE project. The project aims to develop a dialogue system with flexible dialogue management to enable systems adaptive, reactive, interactive and

  19. Human-Computer System Development Methodology for the Dialogue Management System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-05-01

    system structure must be compatible with the system requirements. 35 An example for this situation is the initial achitecture which was defined for... innovation and creativity is possible at the design stage, the coding stage is more tightly con- strained. The design must be completed to a level of detail...BATED77 Bates, D. (ed). "Software Engineering Techniques", Infotech State of the Art Report (1977). BOEHB76 Boehm, B. W. "Software Engineering

  20. Web-tutorials in context

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Haakon; Pors, Niels Ole

    2012-01-01

    affordances and different forms of usability. Design/methodology/approach – The research has employed a variety of data‐collection methods including interviews with librarians, interviews and focus group interviews with students, coupled with tests of their capabilities using the systems. A detailed research...... of students were also interesting, clearly indicating marked differences in perceptions depending on study year and discipline but also different valuation of the different forms of usability. Overall, the research indicated a discrepancy between design intentions versus use and perception of the tutorials...

  1. Using VMD: an introductory tutorial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsin, Jen; Arkhipov, Anton; Yin, Ying; Stone, John E; Schulten, Klaus

    2008-12-01

    VMD (Visual Molecular Dynamics) is a molecular visualization and analysis program designed for biological systems such as proteins, nucleic acids, lipid bilayer assemblies, etc. This unit will serve as an introductory VMD tutorial. We will present several step-by-step examples of some of VMD's most popular features, including visualizing molecules in three dimensions with different drawing and coloring methods, rendering publication-quality figures, animating and analyzing the trajectory of a molecular dynamics simulation, scripting in the text-based Tcl/Tk interface, and analyzing both sequence and structure data for proteins.

  2. Using VMD - An Introductory Tutorial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsin, Jen; Arkhipov, Anton; Yin, Ying; Stone, John E.; Schulten, Klaus

    2010-01-01

    VMD (Visual Molecular Dynamics) is a molecular visualization and analysis program designed for biological systems such as proteins, nucleic acids, lipid bilayer assemblies, etc. This unit will serve as an introductory VMD tutorial. We will present several step-by-step examples of some of VMD’s most popular features, including visualizing molecules in three dimensions with different drawing and coloring methods, rendering publication-quality figures, animate and analyze the trajectory of a molecular dynamics simulation, scripting in the text-based Tcl/Tk interface, and analyzing both sequence and structure data for proteins. PMID:19085979

  3. Tutorial to SARAH

    CERN Document Server

    Staub, Florian

    2016-01-01

    I give in this brief tutorial a short practical introduction to the Mathematica package SARAH. First, it is shown how an existing model file can be changed to implement a new model in SARAH. In the second part, masses, vertices and renormalisation group equations are calculated with SARAH. Finally, the main commands to generate model files and output for other tools are summarised.

  4. Tutorial on architectural acoustics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaw, Neil; Talaske, Rick; Bistafa, Sylvio

    2002-11-01

    This tutorial is intended to provide an overview of current knowledge and practice in architectural acoustics. Topics covered will include basic concepts and history, acoustics of small rooms (small rooms for speech such as classrooms and meeting rooms, music studios, small critical listening spaces such as home theatres) and the acoustics of large rooms (larger assembly halls, auditoria, and performance halls).

  5. Kynurenines and Multiple Sclerosis: The Dialogue between the Immune System and the Central Nervous System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecilia Rajda

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Multiple sclerosis is an inflammatory disease of the central nervous system, in which axonal transection takes place in parallel with acute inflammation to various, individual extents. The importance of the kynurenine pathway in the physiological functions and pathological processes of the nervous system has been extensively investigated, but it has additionally been implicated as having a regulatory function in the immune system. Alterations in the kynurenine pathway have been described in both preclinical and clinical investigations of multiple sclerosis. These observations led to the identification of potential therapeutic targets in multiple sclerosis, such as synthetic tryptophan analogs, endogenous tryptophan metabolites (e.g., cinnabarinic acid, structural analogs (laquinimod, teriflunomid, leflunomid and tranilast, indoleamine-2,3-dioxygenase inhibitors (1MT and berberine and kynurenine-3-monooxygenase inhibitors (nicotinylalanine and Ro 61-8048. The kynurenine pathway is a promising novel target via which to influence the immune system and to achieve neuroprotection, and further research is therefore needed with the aim of developing novel drugs for the treatment of multiple sclerosis and other autoimmune diseases.

  6. User-programmer dialogue: Guidelines for designing menus and help files for interactive computer systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlson, P. A.

    1983-01-01

    This document is a set of guidelines to aid a programmer in making the various decisions necessary for a clear user-programmer dialogue. Its goal is to promote an effective and efficient transfer of information between programmer and user. These guidelines are divided into four sections: (1) Format, (2) Sequence, (3) Audience, and (4) Aim. Format, in terms of this study, means the spatial and structural presentation of information. Sequence deals with the procedural aspects of multiple panel displays. This section looks at the issues of timelines of presentation, modularization of information, and patterns of user behavior. Audience looks at the relationship among programmer, user, and message. It covers the issues of analyzing the audience's knowledge, attitudes, and needs, anticipating the audience's inferences, and identifying textual ambiguities. The programmer's aim or intention shows up in everything from tone to format. Aim considers the programmer's purpose.

  7. Interactive and Participatory Decision Support: Linking Cyberinfrastructure, Multi-Touch Interfaces, and Substantive Dialogue for Geothermal Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malin, R.; Pierce, S. A.; Bass, B. J.

    2012-12-01

    Socio-technical approaches to complex, ill-structured decision problems are needed to identify adaptive responses for earth resource management. This research presents a hybrid approach to create decision tools and engender dialogue among stakeholders for geothermal development in Idaho, United States and El Tatio, Chile. Based on the scarcity of data, limited information availability, and tensions across stakeholder interests we designed and constructed a decision support model that allows stakeholders to rapidly collect, input, and visualize geoscientific data to assess geothermal system impacts and possible development strategies. We have integrated this decision support model into multi-touch interfaces that can be easily used by scientists and stakeholders alike. This toolkit is part of a larger cyberinfrastructure project designed to collect and present geoscientific information to support decision making processes. Consultation with stakeholders at the El Tatio geothermal complex of northern Chile—indigenous communities, local and national government agencies, developers, and geoscientists - informed the implementation of a sustained dialogue process. The El Tatio field case juxtaposes basic parameters such as pH, spring temperature, geochemical content, and FLIR imagery with stakeholder perceptions of risks due to mineral extraction and energy exploration efforts. The results of interviews and a participatory workshop are driving the creation of three initiatives within an indigenous community group; 1) microentrepreneurial efforts for science-based tourism, 2) design of a citizen-led environmental monitoring network in the Altiplano, and 3) business planning for an indigenous renewable energy cooperative. This toolkit is also being applied in the Snake River Plain of Idaho has as part of the DOE sponsored National Student Geothermal Competition. The Idaho case extends results from the Chilean case to implement a more streamlined system to analyze

  8. Insights into the Dialogue Processing of VERBMOBIL

    CERN Document Server

    Alexandersson, J; Maier, E; Alexandersson, Jan; Reithinger, Norbert; Maier, Elisabeth

    1997-01-01

    We present the dialogue module of the speech-to-speech translation system VERBMOBIL. We follow the approach that the solution to dialogue processing in a mediating scenario can not depend on a single constrained processing tool, but on a combination of several simple, efficient, and robust components. We show how our solution to dialogue processing works when applied to real data, and give some examples where our module contributes to the correct translation from German to English.

  9. A Novel Similarity Measure to Induce Semantic Classes and Its Application for Language Model Adaptation in a Dialogue System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ya-Li Li; Wei-Qun Xu; Yong-Hong Yan

    2012-01-01

    In this paper,we propose a novel co-occurrence probabilities based similarity measure for inducing semantic classes.Clustering with the new similarity measure outperforms the widely used distance based on Kullback-Leibler divergence in precision,recall and F1 evaluation.In our experiments,we induced semantic clases from unannotated in-domain corpus and then used the induced classes and structures to generate large in-domain corpus which was then used for language model adaptation.Character recognition rate was improved from 85.2% to 91%.We imply a new measure to solve the lack of domain data problem by first induction then generation for a dialogue system.

  10. A SHORT ANALYSE OF THE DIALOGUE SOCIAL SYSTEMS AND THEIR ROLE IN THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CEAUSESCU IONUT

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The trade unions are considered under the law of association, constitutionally guaranteed principle of all democratic regimes in the world. Moreover, freedom of expression and association is one of the fundamental principles underlying the activities of the International Labour principles set out both in the Treaty of Versailles (June 1919 [1] and the Declaration of Philadelphia (May 1944 regarding the goals and objectives of the ILO. Any of the 175 member states of this organization are obliged to provide the necessary legal framework establishment and operation of structures representing the interests of employees and employers (where employers' organizations. In turn, I.L.O. It adopted the Convention on Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise (June 1948 that workers and employers have the right to constitute organizations or to join them. Organizations have the right to draw up statutes and administrative regulations, to organize their administration and activities, to freely choose their representatives to formulate the action program, the condition is to respect the law. In turn, public authorities in each member country must refrain from any interference which would restrict this right or impede the lawful exercise them. Therefore, organizations representing and defending the rights of employees there and exercise their role for which they were created, changing a lesser or greater extent characteristics of different segments of the labor market in a country or another. Moreover, amid the internationalization of the labor market specific features, such as international migration of labor, multinational and transnational companies entering the domestic markets of the various countries, legislating the right to free movement of labor in different geographic areas - economic, etc. , the issue of the influence of trade unions can not be circumvented. In essence, this study develops the issue of social dialogue seen as a

  11. Reinforcement Learning: A Tutorial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-01-01

    The purpose of this tutorial is to provide an introduction to reinforcement learning (RL) at a level easily understood by students and researchers in...provides a simple example to develop intuition of the underlying dynamic programming mechanism. In Section (2) the parts of a reinforcement learning problem... reinforcement learning algorithms. These include TD(lambda) and both the residual and direct forms of value iteration, Q-learning, and advantage learning

  12. An appraisal of an online tutorial system for the teaching and learning of engineering physics in conjunction with contextual physics and mathematics, and relevant mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhathal, Ragbir

    2016-09-01

    The number of students entering engineering schools in Australian universities has increased tremendously over the last few years because of the Australian Federal Government's policy of increasing the participation rates of Higher School Certificate students and students from low social economic status backgrounds in the tertiary sector. They now come with a diverse background of skills, motivations and prior knowledge. It is imperative that new methods of teaching and learning be developed. This paper describes an online tutorial system used in conjunction with contextual physics and mathematics, and the revision of the relevant mathematical knowledge at the appropriate time before a new topic is introduced in the teaching and learning of engineering physics. Taken as a whole, this study shows that students not only improved their final examination results but there was also an increase in the retention rate of first-year engineering students which has financial implications for the university.

  13. 高校英语专业语音教学导师制探析%On Tutorial System for English Major's Pronunciation Teaching in Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李金云

    2012-01-01

    当前我国很多高校的英语专业发展迅速,但语音教学却始终是个难点。语音教学是英语专业教学的基础,语音不仅是听力、口语、词汇、翻译等所有专业学科的基础,而且是学生求职是否成功的关键因素。语音教学导师制较好地实现了语音教学的目标,它将学生分为若干小组,并指定相应的语音教师担任导师,导师在集中授课的基础上,分别对每个学生加以指导,并为每人制定相应的训练计划。语音教学导师制是当前提高英语专业学生语音能力的一个有效的教学模式。%The English major in many universities is developing fast at present,but pronunciation teaching is always a difficulty.Pronunciation teaching is not only the foundation of other courses including listening,oral English,vocabulary,translation etc.,but also a key factor in students' future job search.Pronunciation teaching tutorial system is a better way to realize the pronunciation teaching targets,under which students are divided into several groups,and each group has a tutor who makes different study plan for each group member.Pronunciation teaching tutorial system is currently a useful teaching model to improving students' pronunciation.

  14. Hadoop Tutorial - Efficient data ingestion

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva; Baranowski, Zbigniew

    2016-01-01

    The Hadoop ecosystem is the leading opensource platform for distributed storage and processing of "big data". The Hadoop platform is available at CERN as a central service provided by the IT department. Real-time data ingestion to Hadoop ecosystem due to the system specificity is non-trivial process and requires some efforts (which is often underestimated) in order to make it efficient (low latency, optimize data placement, footprint on the cluster). In this tutorial attendees will learn about: The important aspects of storing the data in Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS).  Data ingestion techniques and engines that are capable of shipping data to Hadoop in an efficient way. Setting up a full data ingestion flow into a Hadoop Distributed Files System from various sources (streaming, log files, databases) using the best practices and components available around the ecosystem (including Sqoop, Kite, Flume, Kafka...

  15. Creating Dialogue by Storytelling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Passila, Anne; Oikarinen, Tuija; Kallio, Anne

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The objective of this paper is to develop practice and theory from Augusto Boal's dialogue technique (Image Theatre) for organisational use. The paper aims to examine how the members in an organisation create dialogue together by using a dramaturgical storytelling framework where the dialogue emerges from storytelling facilitated by…

  16. Creating Dialogue by Storytelling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Passila, Anne; Oikarinen, Tuija; Kallio, Anne

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The objective of this paper is to develop practice and theory from Augusto Boal's dialogue technique (Image Theatre) for organisational use. The paper aims to examine how the members in an organisation create dialogue together by using a dramaturgical storytelling framework where the dialogue emerges from storytelling facilitated by…

  17. Rapid Dialogue Prototyping Methodology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bui Huu Trung, B.H.T.; Sojka, P.; Rajman, M.; Kopecek, I.; Melichar, M.; Pala, K.

    2004-01-01

    This paper is about the automated production of dialogue models. The goal is to propose and validate a methodology that allows the production of finalized dialogue models (i.e. dialogue models specific for given applications) in a few hours. The solution we propose for such a methodology, called the

  18. FIN 320 UOP Course Tutorial/TutorialRank

    OpenAIRE

    apj

    2015-01-01

    For more course tutorials visit www.tutorialrank.com Tutorial Purchased: 0 Times, Rating: No Rating   What are differences between accounting and finance? What are the roles of financial managers? What are their fiduciary responsibilities? By what ethical standards should they abide?

  19. FIN 320(UOP) UOP Course Tutorial/TutorialRank

    OpenAIRE

    apj

    2015-01-01

    For more course tutorials visit www.tutorialrank.com Tutorial Purchased: 0 Times, Rating: No Rating   What are differences between accounting and finance? What are the roles of financial managers? What are their fiduciary responsibilities? By what ethical standards should they abide?

  20. Silent images in dialogue

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azevedo, Isabel; Sandford-Richardson, Elizabeth; Richardson, Martin; Bernardo, Luis Miguel; Crespo, Helder

    2016-03-01

    In this series of digital art holograms and lenticulars, we used the HoloCam Portable Light System with the 35 mm cameras, Canon IS3 and the Canon 700D, to capture the image information, it was then edited on the computer using Motion 5 and Final Cut Pro X programs. We are presenting several actions in the digital holographic space. The figures are in dialogue within the holographic space and the viewer, in front of the holographic plate. In holography the time of the image is the time of the viewer present. And that particular feature is what distinguishes digital holography from other media.

  1. Burden of proof in legal dialogue games

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leenes, R.E.

    1999-01-01

    In recent years dialectics have received considerable attention in the field of Artificial Intelligence and law. A sub-branch of this field concentrates on the development of dialogue games. Many of these legal dialogue systems are fairly simple. As a consequence they are not very realistic as

  2. Dialogues on air pollution: an Asian example

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kroeze, C.; Stalpers, S.I.P.

    2013-01-01

    The efficient reduction of transboundary air pollution requires dialogue on emission reduction at an international level. A model is under construction to facilitate such dialogues for Asia. This is the Regional Air pollution Information System (RAINS-Asia), developed at the International Institute

  3. The Double Role of a Dialogue Interpreter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wadensjo, Cecilia

    1993-01-01

    Focuses on the Swedish system of "dialogue interpreting," where the interpreter acts as a cultural mediator. Discusses the strategies the interpreter uses that fulfill the functions of listening and talking in a social context, and also evaluating whatever is said to monitor and contribute to the intercultural dialogue. (NKA)

  4. Molecular dialogues between the ischemic brain and the peripheral immune system: Dualistic roles in injury and repair

    Science.gov (United States)

    An, Chengrui; Shi, Yejie; Li, Peiying; Hu, Xiaoming; Gan, Yu; Stetler, Ruth A.; Leak, Rehana K.; Gao, Yanqin; Sun, Bao-Liang; Zheng, Ping; Chen, Jun

    2014-01-01

    Immune and inflammatory responses actively modulate the pathophysiological processes of acute brain injuries such as stroke. Soon after the onset of stroke, signals such as brain-derived antigens, danger-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs), cytokines, and chemokines are released from the injured brain into the systemic circulation. The injured brain also communicates with peripheral organs through the parasympathetic and sympathetic branches of the autonomic nervous system. Many of these diverse signals not only activate resident immune cells in the brain, but also trigger robust immune responses in the periphery. Peripheral immune cells then migrate toward the site of injury and release additional cytokines, chemokines, and other molecules, causing further disruptive or protective effects in the ischemic brain. Bidirectional communication between the injured brain and the peripheral immune system is now known to regulate the progression of stroke pathology as well as tissue repair. In the end, this exquisitely coordinated crosstalk helps determine the fate of animals after stroke. This article reviews the literature on ischemic brain-derived signals through which peripheral immune responses are triggered, and the potential impact of these peripheral responses on brain injury and repair. Pharmacological strategies and cell-based therapies that target the dialogue between the brain and peripheral immune system show promise as potential novel treatments for stroke. PMID:24374228

  5. Probabilistic authenticated quantum dialogue

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hwang, Tzonelih; Luo, Yi-Ping

    2015-12-01

    This work proposes a probabilistic authenticated quantum dialogue (PAQD) based on Bell states with the following notable features. (1) In our proposed scheme, the dialogue is encoded in a probabilistic way, i.e., the same messages can be encoded into different quantum states, whereas in the state-of-the-art authenticated quantum dialogue (AQD), the dialogue is encoded in a deterministic way; (2) the pre-shared secret key between two communicants can be reused without any security loophole; (3) each dialogue in the proposed PAQD can be exchanged within only one-step quantum communication and one-step classical communication. However, in the state-of-the-art AQD protocols, both communicants have to run a QKD protocol for each dialogue and each dialogue requires multiple quantum as well as classical communicational steps; (4) nevertheless, the proposed scheme can resist the man-in-the-middle attack, the modification attack, and even other well-known attacks.

  6. Uptodate: tutorial. Desembre 2010

    OpenAIRE

    Universitat de Barcelona. CRAI

    2010-01-01

    Tutorial de consulta de base de dades UpToDate, de medicina clínica basada en l'evidència Uptodate. Proporciona accés sintetitzat a informació mèdica. Conté revisions originals escrites per reconeguts experts que analitzen casos clínics concrets i proporcionen les recomanacions pertinents. Centrat en resoldre qüestions sobre l'atenció als pacients i facilitar la pressa de decisions en la pràctica clínica diària.

  7. Dialogue-Based CALL: An Overview of Existing Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bibauw, Serge; François, Thomas; Desmet, Piet

    2015-01-01

    Dialogue-based Computer-Assisted Language Learning (CALL) covers applications and systems allowing a learner to practice the target language in a meaning-focused conversational activity with an automated agent. We first present a common definition for dialogue-based CALL, based on three features: dialogue as the activity unit, computer as the…

  8. Burden of proof in dialogue games and Dutch civil procedure

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leenes, R.E.

    2001-01-01

    In recent years dialectics has become popular in Artificial Intelligence and law. A sub-branch of this field concentrates on the development of dialogue games. Many of these legal dialogue systems are fairly simple, in some respects even too simple. Among the topics dialogue games can improve on, is

  9. RT3D tutorials for GMS users

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Clement, T.P. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Jones, N.L. [Brigham Young Univ., Provo, UT (United States)

    1998-02-01

    RT3D (Reactive Transport in 3-Dimensions) is a computer code that solves coupled partial differential equations that describe reactive-flow and transport of multiple mobile and/or immobile species in a three dimensional saturated porous media. RT3D was developed from the single-species transport code, MT3D (DoD-1.5, 1997 version). As with MT3D, RT3D also uses the USGS groundwater flow model MODFLOW for computing spatial and temporal variations in groundwater head distribution. This report presents a set of tutorial problems that are designed to illustrate how RT3D simulations can be performed within the Department of Defense Groundwater Modeling System (GMS). GMS serves as a pre- and post-processing interface for RT3D. GMS can be used to define all the input files needed by RT3D code, and later the code can be launched from within GMS and run as a separate application. Once the RT3D simulation is completed, the solution can be imported to GMS for graphical post-processing. RT3D v1.0 supports several reaction packages that can be used for simulating different types of reactive contaminants. Each of the tutorials, described below, provides training on a different RT3D reaction package. Each reaction package has different input requirements, and the tutorials are designed to describe these differences. Furthermore, the tutorials illustrate the various options available in GMS for graphical post-processing of RT3D results. Users are strongly encouraged to complete the tutorials before attempting to use RT3D and GMS on a routine basis.

  10. Sundance 2.0 tutorial.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Long, Kevin R.

    2004-07-01

    Sundance is a system of software components that allows construction of an entire parallel simulator and its derivatives using a high-level symbolic language. With this high-level problem description, it is possible to specify a weak formulation of a PDE and its discretization method in a small amount of user-level code; furthermore, because derivatives are easily available, a simulation in Sundance is immediately suitable for accelerated PDE-constrained optimization algorithms. This paper is a tutorial for setting up and solving linear and nonlinear PDEs in Sundance. With several simple examples, we show how to set up mesh objects, geometric regions for BC application, the weak form of the PDE, and boundary conditions. Each example then illustrates use of an appropriate solver and solution visualization.

  11. THE PROS & CONS AND OPTIMIZATION OF THE TUTORIAL SYSTEM FOR UNDERGRADUATES IN COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES%关于高校实施本科生导师制的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王欣欣

    2015-01-01

    Undergraduate tutorial system is a new undergraduate training mechanism.Some Chinese universi-ties adopt it according to their own needs for development by absorbing the management experience of higher education abroad in order to meet the needs of higher education in our country.The article analyzes the devel-opment process of undergraduate tutorial system and the positive role the system plays,and then explores how to implement the system in colleges and universities.%分析了我国本科生导师制的发展历程以及本科生导师制所发挥的积极作用,就如何更好地在高校实施本科生导师制进行了探讨。

  12. MicroRNAs: Novel Players in the Dialogue between Pancreatic Islets and Immune System in Autoimmune Diabetes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuliana Ventriglia

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available MicroRNAs are small noncoding RNA molecules that regulate gene expression in all cell types. Therefore, these tiny noncoding RNA molecules are involved in a wide range of biological processes, exerting functional effects at cellular, tissue, and organ level. In pancreatic islets of Langerhans, including beta-cells, microRNAs are involved in cell differentiation as well as in insulin secretion, while in immune cells they have been shown to play pivotal roles in development, activation, and response to antigens. Indeed, it is not surprising that microRNA alterations can lead to the development of several diseases, including type 1 diabetes (T1D. Type 1 diabetes is the result of a selective autoimmune destruction of insulin-producing beta-cells, characterized by islet inflammation (insulitis, which leads to chronic hyperglycemia. Given the growing importance of microRNA in the pathophysiology of T1D, the aim of this review is to summarize the most recent data on the potential involvement of microRNAs in autoimmune diabetes. Specifically, we will focus on three different aspects: (i microRNAs as regulators of immune homeostasis in autoimmune diabetes; (ii microRNA expression in pancreatic islet inflammation; (iii microRNAs as players in the dialogue between the immune system and pancreatic endocrine cells.

  13. Exploration on a New Mode of Undergraduate Tutorial System of TCM Major%中医药专业本科生导师制新模式探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏蓉; 车念聪; 王蕾; 章红英; 常景华; 史青; 张晓燕

    2015-01-01

    Undergraduate tutorial system is one of the effective ways to cultivate outstanding TCM talents. School of Traditional Chinese Medicine in the Capital Medical University began to carry out undergraduate tutorial system since 2006. In practice, scheme of implementing the tutorial system was revised;management system was improved;tutor system was combined with apprentice education and college education, in order to explore a new mode of higher education to cultivate students' autonomous learning ability and follow TCM talent training philosophy.%本科生导师制是培养中医药卓越人才的有效途径之一。首都医科大学中医药学院自2006年开始实行本科生导师制,实践中不断修订导师制实施方案,完善管理体系,将导师制与师承教育、院校教育相结合,探索以培养学生自主学习能力为核心、符合中医药人才培养理念的高等教育新模式。

  14. Discharge Dialogue

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Horsbøl, Anders

    2012-01-01

    For several years, efforts have been made to strengthen collaboration between health professionals with different specializations and to improve patient transition from hospital to home (care). In the Danish health care system, these efforts have concentrated on cancer and heart diseases, whereas...... less attention has been given to medical patients, who are often elderly and suffer from multiple diseases. This paper addresses the latter issue with a case study of a local initiative to improve transition from hospital to home (care) for medical patients at a Danish hospital, in which a discharge...... coordinator, employed at the hospital, is supposed to anticipate discharge and serve as mediator between the hospital and the municipal home care system. Drawing on methods from discourse and interaction analysis, the paper studies the practice of the discharge coordinator in two encounters between patients...

  15. The MueLu Tutorial

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hu, Jonathan Joseph [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Wiesner, Tobias A. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Prokopenko, Andrey [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Gee, Michael [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    2014-10-01

    The MueLu tutorial is written as a hands-on tutorial for MueLu, the next generation multigrid framework in Trilinos. It covers the whole spectrum from absolute beginners’ topics to expert level. Since the focus of this tutorial is on practical and technical aspects of multigrid methods in general and MueLu in particular, the reader is expected to have a basic understanding of multigrid methods and its general underlying concepts. Please refer to multigrid textbooks (e.g. [1]) for the theoretical background.

  16. Discharge Dialogue

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Horsbøl, Anders

    2012-01-01

    less attention has been given to medical patients, who are often elderly and suffer from multiple diseases. This paper addresses the latter issue with a case study of a local initiative to improve transition from hospital to home (care) for medical patients at a Danish hospital, in which a discharge...... coordinator, employed at the hospital, is supposed to anticipate discharge and serve as mediator between the hospital and the municipal home care system. Drawing on methods from discourse and interaction analysis, the paper studies the practice of the discharge coordinator in two encounters between patients...

  17. Indico CONFERENCE tutorial

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva; Manzoni, Alex Marc

    2017-01-01

    This short tutorial explains how to create a CONFERENCE in indico and how to handle abstracts and registration forms, in detail: Timestamps: 1:01 - Programme  2:28 - Call for abstracts  11:50 - Abstract submission  13:41 - Abstract Review 15:41 - The Judge's Role 17:23 - Registration forms' creation 23:34 - Candidate participant's registration/application 25:54 - Customisation of Indico pages - Layout 28:08 - Customisation of Indico pages - Menus 29:47 - Configuring Event reminders and import into calendaring tools   See HERE a recent presentation by Pedro about the above steps in the life of an indico CONFERENCE event.

  18. The Study on the Undergraduate Tutorial System of Coal Chemistry Course%《能源化学》教学团队多导师制的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩军; 何选明; 王世杰; 王光辉

    2011-01-01

    This paper analyzes the necessity of tutorial system in undergraduate education,and introduced the formation and characteristics of more mentoring in "Energy Chemistry" teaching team.%本文分析了本科生教育中导师模式的必要性,同时介绍了《能源化学》教学团队多导师制的形成和特色。

  19. A Medical Consultation System to Support Health Care of Inhabitants through A Dialogue with Artificial Intelligence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miyake, Hiroshi; Masuzawa, Hideaki

    A medical consultation system has been developed that encompasses knowledge of various specialties. The system is designed to be used by general practitioners, and inhabitants themselves. It has the characteristics of ; 1. The input task of complaints is simplified by use of multiple choice questionaires. 2. The system advices the person whether to seek medical help or not, and if so, the degree of urgency, and from what type of practitioner or specialist. 3. It supplies the doctor information regarding essential symptoms and possible diagnosis. 4. The system offer easy tools to make a medical consultation system to the specialists themselves. This system is intended as an answer to the common problem of uncertainty on the part of both inhabitants and doctors as to the area of medical speciality that applies to a given disease.

  20. Visualizing stakeholder perspectives for reflection and dialogue on scale dynamics in social–ecological systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vervoort, J.M.; Hoogstra, M.A.; Kok, K.; Lammeren, van R.J.A.; Bregt, A.K.; Janssen, R.

    2014-01-01

    An understanding among societal actors of how social–ecological systems interact across multiple levels and scales contributes to better governance of those systems. This paper introduces a tool, Scale Perspectives, developed to help societal actors share their perspectives on issues of social–ecolo

  1. Effectiveness of Tutorials for Introductory Physics in Argentinean high schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benegas, J.; Flores, J. Sirur

    2014-06-01

    This longitudinal study reports the results of a replication of Tutorials in Introductory Physics in high schools of a Latin-American country. The main objective of this study was to examine the suitability of Tutorials for local science education reform. Conceptual learning of simple resistive electric circuits was determined by the application of the single-response multiple-choice test "Determining and Interpreting Resistive Electric Circuits Concepts Test" (DIRECT) to high school classes taught with Tutorials and traditional instruction. The study included state and privately run schools of different socioeconomic profiles, without formal laboratory space and equipment, in classes of mixed-gender and female-only students, taught by novice and experienced instructors. Results systematically show that student learning is significantly higher in the Tutorials classes compared with traditional teaching for all of the studied conditions. The results also show that long-term learning (one year after instruction) in the Tutorials classes is highly satisfactory, very similar to the performance of the samples of college students used to develop the test DIRECT. On the contrary, students following traditional instruction returned one year after instruction to the poor performance (conceptual knowledge of basic physics recently determined by a systematic study of first-year students attending seven universities in Spain and four Latin-American countries. Some replication and adaptation problems and difficulties of this experience are noted, as well as recommendations for successful use of Tutorials in high schools of similar educational systems.

  2. Activating Humans with Humor——A Dialogue System That Users Want to Interact with

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dybala, Pawel; Ptaszynski, Michal; Rzepka, Rafal; Araki, Kenji

    The topic of Human Computer Interaction (HCI) has been gathering more and more scientific attention of late. A very important, but often undervalued area in this field is human engagement. That is, a person's commitment to take part in and continue the interaction. In this paper we describe work on a humor-equipped casual conversational system (chatterbot) and investigate the effect of humor on a user's engagement in the conversation. A group of users was made to converse with two systems: one with and one without humor. The chat logs were then analyzed using an emotive analysis system to check user reactions and attitudes towards each system. Results were projected on Russell's two-dimensional emotiveness space to evaluate the positivity/negativity and activation/deactivation of these emotions. This analysis indicated emotions elicited by the humor-equipped system were more positively active and less negatively active than by the system without humor. The implications of results and relation between them and user engagement in the conversation are discussed. We also propose a distinction between positive and negative engagement.

  3. Water bodies typology system: a Chilean case of scientific stakeholders and policy makers dialogue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Fuster

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this project was to obtain a scientists-validated Typology System, which would allow to classify the surface waters bodies in Chile and, therefore, to facilitate the environmental institutional water management in the country. For this, during the years 2009 and 2011, a Typology System for the surface freshwater bodies was developed for Chile based on the methodology described by the Water Framework Directive of the European Union, which was adapted to local features through the knowledge of limnologist experts in the country, as well as policy makers' experience and their management requirements . In a first stage, national ecoregions were developed and abiotic variables were defined to compose the Typology System. The resulted Typology System for lakes and rivers was generated following an a priori and top down approach to difference biocenosis, based on geomorphologic, hydrologic and physic criteria. In a second stage, the proposed Typology System was validated by experts and policy makers, in which process new arrangements were included in the system. The working methodology used for both stages was bibliographic review, interviews to local experts in biocenosis and workshops. It is specially highlighted the participative processes and discussions in which all the agents involved were present, all of which resulted in the creation of a valid system from a scientific point of view and a product that is applicable to the necessities of the environmental institutions of the country. This work represents a successful experience in the improvement of the communication between scientists and politicians in Chile, which is a relevant factor for the elaboration of more efficient and effective environmental policies, integrating not only management and economic issues, but also more technical aspects that can influence in the final success of any long term strategy. For this reason, the replication of this kind of experiences, as well as

  4. An Analysis of the Distributed Architecture for a Telephone Based Human Computer Dialogue System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANGHengt; DULimin

    2004-01-01

    The main purpose of this paper was to present a distributed speech interactive system built on LAN (Local area network), which integrated Automatic speech recognition (ASR), Text to speech (TTS) and Natural language perception (NLP) technologies to allow multiusers to access and converse with it concurrently. During a typical telephone based interaction, users could retrieve up-to-date stock information and call for somebody by directly speaking their name. Though there were far too many papers published to describe such system, most of them all focused on the algorithm on speech recognition rather than the architecture. Our paper was written to make for it and proposed an efficient and effective dynamic load balancing algorithm with sender active and non-preemptive concepts based on the distributed architecture and multithread concurrency in order to solve the loads allocating when multi-users accessed the system and gave rise to much burden to the servers. This paper was composed of five part: (1) an introduction about why such architecture was built; (2) an overview about the system; (3) proposed and implemented the algorithm; (4) evaluated and tested the system performance based on the architecture; and (5) a brief summary.

  5. Education as Dialogue

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kazepides, Tasos

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to show that genuine dialogue is a refined human achievement and probably the most valid criterion on the basis of which we can evaluate educational or social policy and practice. The paper explores the prerequisites of dialogue in the language games, the common certainties, the rules of logic and the variety of common…

  6. Ecopedagogy: A Movement between Critical Dialogue and Complexity: Proposal for a Categories System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norat, María de los Ángeles Vilches; Herrería, Alfonso Fernández; Rodríguez, Francisco Miguel Martínez

    2016-01-01

    This qualitative research has been undertaken with the purpose of developing an integrated system of categories based on ecopedagogy. Founded on the critical pedagogy of Paulo Freire, this movement moves towards complex thinking and holism. Its theoretical bases are set on principles of sustainability, biosensibility, ethics of care and global…

  7. Achieving semantic interoperability in multi-agent systems: A dialogue-based approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Diggelen, J. van

    2007-01-01

    Software agents sharing the same ontology can exchange their knowledge fluently as their knowledge representations are compatible with respect to the concepts regarded as relevant and with respect to the names given to these concepts. However, in open heterogeneous multi-agent systems, this scenario

  8. HIV health information access using spoken dialogue systems: touchtone vs speech

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Sharma Grover, A

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the work in the design of a SDS for the provision of health information to caregivers of HIV positive children. The authors specifically address the frequently debated question of input modality in speech systems; touchtone...

  9. HIV health information access using spoken dialogue systems: touchtone vs speech

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Sharma Grover, A

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents our work in the design of a SDS for the provision of health information to caregivers of HIV positive children. We specifically address the frequently debated question of input modality in speech systems; touchtone versus speech...

  10. Trilinos 4.0 tutorial.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sala, Marzio; Day, David Minot; Heroux, Michael Allen

    2004-05-01

    The Trilinos Project is an effort to facilitate the design, development, integration and ongoing support of mathematical software libraries. The goal of the Trilinos Project is to develop parallel solver algorithms and libraries within an object-oriented software framework for the solution of large-scale, complex multiphysics engineering and scientific applications. The emphasis is on developing robust, scalable algorithms in a software framework, using abstract interfaces for flexible interoperability of components while providing a full-featured set of concrete classes that implement all the abstract interfaces. This document introduces the use of Trilinos, version 4.0. The presented material includes, among others, the definition of distributed matrices and vectors with Epetra, the iterative solution of linear systems with AztecOO, incomplete factorizations with IF-PACK, multilevel and domain decomposition preconditioners with ML, direct solution of linear system with Amesos, and iterative solution of nonlinear systems with NOX. The tutorial is a self-contained introduction, intended to help computational scientists effectively apply the appropriate Trilinos package to their applications. Basic examples are presented that are fit to be imitated. This document is a companion to the Trilinos User's Guide [20] and Trilinos Development Guides [21,22]. Please note that the documentation included in each of the Trilinos' packages is of fundamental importance.

  11. Evolutionary origin of the immune system: a dialogue with Rod Langman.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagy, Z A

    2008-04-01

    The need of a specific defence mechanism against intracellular pathogens is proposed to have arisen very early in evolution, perhaps already in protozoa, e.g. amoebae. The phagocytic machinery of amoebae lends itself as a possible starting point for the evolution of such a mechanism. The hypothetical evolutionary pathway described here has been constructed to demonstrate the feasibility of developing a defence system against pathogens in the amoeba, which bears resemblances to contemporary cell-mediated immunity, and can thus be considered as its ancestor.

  12. Hadoop Tutorials - Hadoop Foundations

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva; Lanza Garcia, Daniel

    2016-01-01

    The Hadoop ecosystem is the leading opensource platform for distributed storage and processing of "big data". The Hadoop platform is available at CERN as a central service provided by the IT department. This tutorial organized by the IT Hadoop service, aims to introduce the main concepts about Hadoop technology in a practical way and is targeted to those who would like to start using the service for distributed parallel data processing. The main topics that will be covered are: Hadoop architecture and available components How to perform distributed parallel processing in order to explore and create reports with SQL (with Apache Impala) on example data. Using a HUE - Hadoop web UI for presenting the results in user friendly way. How to format and/or structure data in order to make data processing more efficient - by using various data formats/containers and partitioning techniques (Avro, Parquet, HBase). ...

  13. GOCE User Toolbox and Tutorial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benveniste, J.; Knudsen, P.

    2013-12-01

    The GOCE User Toolbox GUT is a compilation of tools for the utilisation and analysis of GOCE Level 2 products. GUT support applications in Geodesy, Oceanography and Solid Earth Physics. The GUT Tutorial provides information and guidance in how to use the toolbox for a variety of applications. GUT consists of a series of advanced computer routines that carry out the required computations. It may be used on Windows PCs, UNIX/Linux Workstations, and Mac. The toolbox is supported by The GUT Algorithm Description and User Guide and The GUT Install Guide. A set of a-priori data and models are made available as well. Recently, the second version of the GOCE User Toolbox (GUT) was developed to enhance the exploitation of GOCE level 2 data with ERS ENVISAT altimetry. The developments of GUT focused on the following issues: Data Extraction, Generation, Filtering, and Data Save and Restore Without any doubt the development of the GOCE user toolbox have played a major role in paving the way to successful use of the GOCE data for oceanography. The results of the preliminary analysis carried out in this phase of the GUTS project have already demonstrated a significant advance in the ability to determine the ocean's general circulation. The improved gravity models provided by the GOCE mission have enhanced the resolution and sharpened the boundaries of those features compared with earlier satellite only solutions. Calculation of the geostrophic surface currents from the MDT reveals improvements for all of the ocean's major current systems.

  14. FIN 370new UOP Course Tutorial/TutorialRank

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    For more course tutorials visit www.tutorialrank.com Tutorial Purchased: 24 Times, Rating: A+   1.Which of the following is true regarding Investment Banks? 2. We compute the profitability index of a capital-budgeting proposal by Initial outlay = $1,748.80 3. Project Sigma requires an investment of $1 million and has a NPV of $10. Project Delta requires an investment of $500,000 and has a NPV of $150,000. The projects involve unrelated new product lines. What ...

  15. Quantitative Microbial Risk Assessment Tutorial - Primer

    Science.gov (United States)

    This document provides a Quantitative Microbial Risk Assessment (QMRA) primer that organizes QMRA tutorials. The tutorials describe functionality of a QMRA infrastructure, guide the user through software use and assessment options, provide step-by-step instructions for implementi...

  16. Intelligent Educational Dialogue Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-03-01

    30326 1 Prof . Earl A. AUuisi Code 287 Dept. of Psychology Old Dominion University Norfolk VA 2350« 1 Dr. Daniel Alpert Computer-Basea...Rockviile MD 20858 1 Dr. Edwin A. Flwishman Advanced Research Resources Org. 8555 Sixteenth St. Silver Spring MD 20910 1 Dr. Larry Francis

  17. CONSIDERATIONS ON THE EUROPEAN SOCIAL DIALOGUE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihai, OPRESCU

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available At the moment, worldwide, social dialogue is considered to be a very useful tool in solving serious social problems caused by globalization or as a consequence of the way the costs and benefits of the economic changes are distributed. Promoting social dialogue at European level remains a strategic objective of the European Union, which must be sustained by all appropriate means, and in the same time it should be used as an instrument for Stability and Development. Improving the convergence of the social partners' actions from the Member States with the social partners' actions from the Community level is required for the effectiveness of European social dialogue. Social dialogue will be applied, in the next period, into the trans-national system, at regional and inter-regional levels, given the trends of decentralization, integration and globalization that affect all communities.

  18. Advocacy and IPR, tutorial 4

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2005-01-01

    With open access and repositories assuming a high profile some may question whether advocacy is still necessary. Those involved in the business of setting up and populating repositories are aware that in the majority of institutions there is still a great need for advocacy. This tutorial will give participants an opportunity to discuss different advocacy methods and approaches, including the 'top down' and 'bottom up' approach, publicity methods and the opportunities offered by funding body positions on open access. Participants will have the opportunity to share experiences of what works and what doesn't. The advocacy role often encompasses responsibility for advising academics on IPR issues. This is a particularly critical area where repository staff are engaged in depositing content on behalf of academics. The tutorial will offer an opportunity to discuss the IPR issues encountered by those managing repositories. The tutorial will draw on the experience of participants who have been engaged in advocacy act...

  19. A Welcome Dialogue

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    A dialogue mechanism has emerged in recent years from the annual G-8 summit that groups some of the world's most highly developed countries-Britain, Canada, France, Germany. Italy, Japan, Russia and the United States.

  20. HIS 103 ASH course tutorial/tutorialoutlet

    OpenAIRE

    NARESH 1

    2015-01-01

    For more course tutorials visit www.tutorialoutlet.com   HIS 103 Week 1 DQ 1 (Transition to Agriculture) (Ash) HIS 103 Week 1 DQ 2 (Early Complex Societies) (Ash) HIS 103 Week 1 Quiz (Ash) HIS 103 Week 1 Assignment (Ash) HIS 103 Week 2 Assignment Greco Roman Influence Paper (Ash) HIS 103 Week 2 DQ 1 Chinese Social and Political Order Systems (Ash) HIS 103 Week 2 DQ 2 Caste System (Ash) HIS 103 Week 2 Quiz (Ash) HIS 103 Week 3 Assignment Black Death Dra...

  1. 基于小专业的开放教育课程导师制模式探索%On the Tutorial System Mode of Open Education Courses for Minor Majors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊绍高

    2015-01-01

    The course tutorial system will boost the practice of open education concept,make up the lack of classroom-teaching, strengthen the learning monitor,improve the students′autonomous learning ability,and ensure the teaching quality of open education. Tuto-rial system management includes the implementation of the system building,profession confirmation,tutor equipment and work evaluation. In allusion to the insufficiency of tutorial system,this paper puts forward the effective management system,mentor duties clearly positio-ning,and establish reasonable number time frequency,the direction of establishing scientific teacher evaluation and incentive rewards and punishment mechanism and strengthen the teacher team construction and so on perfecting suggestion.%实行基于小专业的开放教育课程导师制,有利于更好地践行开放教育理念,弥补教学环节缺失,加强学习监控,提高学生的自主学习能力,保证远程开放教育的教学质量。导师制管理的实施步骤包括制度建立、专业确定、导师配备和工作考核。针对目前开放教育导师制存在的弊端,提出了制定有效的管理制度、明确导师职责定位、确立合理的指导人数时间频次、建立科学的导师评价考核和激励奖惩机制及加强导师队伍建设等完善建议。

  2. Neural networks and applications tutorial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guyon, I.

    1991-09-01

    The importance of neural networks has grown dramatically during this decade. While only a few years ago they were primarily of academic interest, now dozens of companies and many universities are investigating the potential use of these systems and products are beginning to appear. The idea of building a machine whose architecture is inspired by that of the brain has roots which go far back in history. Nowadays, technological advances of computers and the availability of custom integrated circuits, permit simulations of hundreds or even thousands of neurons. In conjunction, the growing interest in learning machines, non-linear dynamics and parallel computation spurred renewed attention in artificial neural networks. Many tentative applications have been proposed, including decision systems (associative memories, classifiers, data compressors and optimizers), or parametric models for signal processing purposes (system identification, automatic control, noise canceling, etc.). While they do not always outperform standard methods, neural network approaches are already used in some real world applications for pattern recognition and signal processing tasks. The tutorial is divided into six lectures, that where presented at the Third Graduate Summer Course on Computational Physics (September 3-7, 1990) on Parallel Architectures and Applications, organized by the European Physical Society: (1) Introduction: machine learning and biological computation. (2) Adaptive artificial neurons (perceptron, ADALINE, sigmoid units, etc.): learning rules and implementations. (3) Neural network systems: architectures, learning algorithms. (4) Applications: pattern recognition, signal processing, etc. (5) Elements of learning theory: how to build networks which generalize. (6) A case study: a neural network for on-line recognition of handwritten alphanumeric characters.

  3. Effects of Using a Web-Based Individualized Education Program Decision-Making Tutorial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shriner, James G.; Carty, Susan J.; Rose, Chad A.; Shogren, Karrie A.; Kim, Myungjin; Trach, John S.

    2013-01-01

    This study explored the effects of a web-based decision support system ("Tutorial") for writing standards-based Individualized Education Programs (IEPs). A total of 35 teachers and 154 students participated across two academic years. Participants were assigned to one of three intervention groups based on level of "Tutorial"…

  4. Effects of Using a Web-Based Individualized Education Program Decision-Making Tutorial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shriner, James G.; Carty, Susan J.; Rose, Chad A.; Shogren, Karrie A.; Kim, Myungjin; Trach, John S.

    2013-01-01

    This study explored the effects of a web-based decision support system ("Tutorial") for writing standards-based Individualized Education Programs (IEPs). A total of 35 teachers and 154 students participated across two academic years. Participants were assigned to one of three intervention groups based on level of "Tutorial"…

  5. Tutorials in complex photonic media

    CERN Document Server

    Noginov, Mikhail A; McCall, Martin W; Zheludev, Nikolay I

    2010-01-01

    The field of complex photonic media encompasses many leading-edge areas in physics, chemistry, nanotechnology, materials science, and engineering. In Tutorials in Complex Photonic Media , leading experts have brought together 19 tutorials on breakthroughs in modern optics, such as negative refraction, chiral media, plasmonics, photonic crystals, and organic photonics. This text will help students, engineers, and scientists entering the field to become familiar with the interrelated aspects of the subject. It also serves well as a supplemental text in introductory and advanced courses on optica

  6. Mail2Print online tutorial

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2016-01-01

    Mail2print is a feature which allows you to send documents to a printer by mail. This tutorial (text attached to the event page) explains how to use this service. Content owner: Vincent Nicolas Bippus Presenter: Pedro Augusto de Freitas Batista Tell us what you think via e-learning.support at cern.ch More tutorials in the e-learning collection of the CERN Document Server (CDS) https://cds.cern.ch/collection/E-learning%20modules?ln=en All info about the CERN rapid e-learning project is linked from http://twiki.cern.ch/ELearning  

  7. Dialogue in fiction Dialogue in fiction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Rosa Caldas-Coulthard

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Characters and narrators, in fictional narrative discourse, exchange speech. Their interaction however is pseudo (see Sinclair, 1981, since it is not interactive in the real sense but imagined by an author, and it only happens intra-textually (the conversation only exists on a page of a book. Composed dialogue therefore, has features that distinguish it from real talk, although authors base their representation of speech on a model of what they think conversationalists do. Characters and narrators, in fictional narrative discourse, exchange speech. Their interaction however is pseudo (see Sinclair, 1981, since it is not interactive in the real sense but imagined by an author, and it only happens intra-textually (the conversation only exists on a page of a book. Composed dialogue therefore, has features that distinguish it from real talk, although authors base their representation of speech on a model of what they think conversationalists do.

  8. An Investigation of the Potential for a Computer-based Tutorial Program Covering the Cardiovascular System to Replace Traditional Lectures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dewhurst, D. G.; Williams, A. D.

    1998-01-01

    Presents the results of a comparative study to evaluate the effectiveness of two interactive computer-based learning (CBL) programs, covering the cardiovascular system, as an alternative to lectures for first year undergraduate students at a United Kingdom University. Discusses results in relation to the design of evaluative studies and the future…

  9. DISCUSS: Toward a Domain Independent Representation of Dialogue

    Science.gov (United States)

    Becker, Lee

    2012-01-01

    While many studies have demonstrated that conversational tutoring systems have a positive effect on learning, the amount of manual effort required to author, design, and tune dialogue behaviors remains a major barrier to widespread deployment and adoption of these systems. Such dialogue systems must not only understand student speech, but must…

  10. Toward affective dialogue management using partially observable Markov decision processes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bui, Trung Huu

    2008-01-01

    Designing and developing affective dialogue systems have recently received much interest from the dialogue research community. A distinctive feature of these systems is affect modeling. Previous work was mainly focused on showing system's emotions to the user in order to achieve the designer's goal

  11. 生活导师制:本科生入学适应教育新模式%Life Tutorial System:A New Model of Undergraduate Entrance Adaptability Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘彬; 肖永明

    2016-01-01

    本科学生能否顺利地适应大学生活,不但在个体一生发展中占有重要地位,而且还会对社会未来的发展产生不可估量的影响。结合目前各高校导师制和学长制的研究与实践情况,湖南大学岳麓书院尝试构建了一种基于生活导师制的本科学生入学适应教育模式。通过采用《中国大学生适应性量表(CCSAS)》进行问卷调查和网上调研,对比湖南大学八个自主招生专业2015级新生入学适应情况,我们发现,生活导师制在一定程度上有利于提高本科学生的入学适应能力,基于其建立的本科生入学适应教育模式是一种较为有效的复合型本科生教育新模式。%The adaptation to college life of undergraduates not only plays an important role on individual’s lifelong development, but also has a profound influence on the social development in the future. Combined with the existed studies and implementation situation of tutorial system and peer counseling system in universities, Yuelu Academy of Hunan University attempts to establish a model of undergraduate entrance adaptability education based on life tutorial system. Through the questionnaire survey by using China College Student Adjustment Scale (CCSAS) and online survey, and by comparing the adaptation of freshmen of eight independent recruitment majors in Hunan University, we found that life tutorial system can improve the freshmen adaptive capacity to some extent. And the entrance adaptability education model for undergraduates based on life tutorial system is a comparatively effective compound undergraduate education model.

  12. Practice and Reflection of the Undergraduate Tutorial System Implemented in HYIT%对实施本科生导师制工作的实践和思考——以淮阴工学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙劲松; 袁媛

    2011-01-01

    教师是教育的主体,其不仅可以通过学术造诣影响学生,亦可通过个人的人格魅力感染学生。实施本科生导师制不仅是新形势下高等教育发展的需要,也是加强学风建设、适应学分制改革、培养创新人才和学校学科建设的需要。淮阴工学院经过本科生导师制的试运行,在形成全员育人的局面、构建师生交流平台,提高人才培养质量等方面取得了可喜的成绩,但也出现了导师资源较缺乏、班集体建设相对滞后、导师与辅导员关系等需要协调的问题,要加强对导师制重要性的认识,完善导师制运行的制度建设。%Teachers are the main body of education who can not only affect students through their academic skills,but also impress students through their personal charisma.To implement the tutorial system has become the needs of the development of higher education under the new situation,as well as the needs of strengthening the construction of style of study,adapting to the innovation of the credit system,training innovative talents and developing the academic disciplines.After a trial run,the promotion of the undergraduate tutorial system in HYIT has made a gratifying achievement in various aspects including the formation of overall education situation,construction of the teacher-student communication platform,improvement of the training quality and so on.However there have emerged some problems to be solved,such as the relative shortage of tutor resources,the moderate lag of the construction of administrative body and the relationship between tutors and counselors to be harmonized,and so on.Thus this paper proposes to enhance the recognition of the importance of strengthening the tutorial system and makes some reasonable suggestions to perfect the operation of the tutorial system.

  13. Research on the Improvement of Tutorial System Based on Dimensions of Learning Needs and Learning Motivation%基于学生需求和学习动机维度的导师制工作完善研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张革; 张爽; 房宏君

    2015-01-01

    通过设计大学生学习动机和学习需求调研问卷,并以北京联合大学972份问卷调查的实测数据为基础,探测出导师制工作下大学生学习动机和学习需求的构成情况。研究结果表明:学生学习动机由实现顺利就业、注重他人评价、争取评优奖励和学习专业知识四个维度构成;学习需求动机由职涯规划、技能提升、提高自信心三个维度构成;并以研究成果为依据,结合高校导师制工作开展情况,提出了改进本科生导师制的相关的建议,为本科生导师制的完善提供参考。%The paper detects the composition of university students' learning motivation and learning needs through the questionnaires about university students' learning motivation and learning demand, which is based on 972 students in Beijing union university. The results show that the students learning motivation consists of four dimensions:Successful employment, paying attention to the evaluation of others, learning professional knowledge and winning rewards for outstanding persons. The learning needs motivation consists of three dimensions:career planning, skills upgrading and improving confidence. Fin-ally, the paper proposed the Suggestions for improving the undergraduates' tutorial system, combining with the actual of tu-torial system in colleges and universities. The research provides reference for the improvement of the tutorial system through its research findings.

  14. Play the role of the tutorial system in the undergraduate Chinese heritage%发挥导师制在本科生中医传承中的作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周杰; 范晔

    2012-01-01

    Development of western tutorial system, the characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine heritage, the work of the tutorial system to implement a four-year summary and discussion. TCM institutions of higher education model, the basic imitation of the mode of modern medical education, undergraduate mainly of the implementation of the class teacher or counselor. Chinese medicine, Western medicine disciplines are different in nature, should adopt a different mode of education, mode of education should learn from the Chinese traditional mentoring granted. The implementation of the capital medical university, school of chinese medicine TCM undergraduate tutorial system combines the advantages of both, is a useful attempt two educational model.%从西方导师制的发展、中医传承的特色,对导师制实行4年的工作进行了总结与探讨.目前中医高等院校的教育模式,基本是模仿现代医学的教育模式,本科生主要实行班主任或辅导员制.中医、西医学科性质不同,理应采取不同的教育模式,中医传统的师徒相授的教育模式,有值得借鉴之处.首都医科大学中医药学院中医专业本科生导师制的实施,融合了两者的优势,是对两种教育模式进行的有益尝试.

  15. Historical review of tutorial in education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Gabriela Luna Pérez

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available For centuries, tutorials have always been of an individual character in the history of education. The paper reviews how tutorials in education have evolved from ancient Greece to the present by considering taking into account the following aspects: a its general understanding, b the favorite areas of orientation c the role of learning guiding process d the supporting role of tutorials. We offer a historical account of tutorials development in Mexican Education. The study provides the main trends of tutorial activities in primary education, the evidence confirmed that tutoring has evolved from the learning of philosophical and ethical questions to the multiple learning involving competencies.

  16. BIS 220 Tutorials /bis220dotcom

    OpenAIRE

    ramya85

    2015-01-01

    BIS 220 Entire Course   For more course tutorials visit www.bis220.com   BIS 220 Week 1 Individual Assignment Information Technology Acts Paper BIS 220 Week 1 DQ 1 BIS 220 Week 1 DQ 2 BIS 220 Week 2 LT Reflection Summary BIS 220 Week 2 Individual Assignment Information Systems Proposal BIS 220 Week 2 DQ 1 BIS 220 Week 2 DQ 2 BIS 220 Week 3 Individual Assignment Types of Electronic Commerce Activity BIS 220 Week 3 LT Reflection Summ...

  17. BIS 220 Tutorials / bis220dotcom

    OpenAIRE

    rajitha82

    2015-01-01

    BIS 220 Entire Course   For more course tutorials visit www.bis220.com   BIS 220 Week 1 Individual Assignment Information Technology Acts Paper BIS 220 Week 1 DQ 1 BIS 220 Week 1 DQ 2 BIS 220 Week 2 LT Reflection Summary BIS 220 Week 2 Individual Assignment Information Systems Proposal BIS 220 Week 2 DQ 1 BIS 220 Week 2 DQ 2 BIS 220 Week 3 Individual Assignment Types of Electronic Commerce Activity BIS 220 Week 3 LT Reflection Summ...

  18. The Tacit Knowledge and the --From the Perspective of Undergraduate Tutorial System College Students' Performances%默会知识与本科生导师制——基于大学生成长的视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尉建文; 陆凝峰

    2012-01-01

    基于默会知识的理论,本科生导师制被看作是“一对一”的师徒关系。以北京市某高校为个案,分析本科生导师制与大学生成长之间的关系,探讨本科生导师制促进大学生成长的作用机制,结果发现:本科生导师制对于大学生提高学习成绩、增强实践能力、提升科研水平以及获得各种荣誉都有显著影响。从作用机制来看,导师的示范效应显著,年长、学位高、职称高、职位高的导师在一定程度上可以促进大学生的成长。在师生的互动效应中.,学生的主动互动更有助于大学生的自身成长,而导师的主动互动则作用不显著。%Regarding the undergraduate tutorial system as one-to one mentoring relationships, it examined the relationship between the undergraduate tutorial system and cultivation of college students from the perspective of the tacit knowledge, analyzed the mechanism of the undergraduate tutorial system from two aspects of demonstration effect and interaction effect. It got the following findings: the undergraduate tutorial system had been an impor tant factor for cultivation of college students that could promote undergraduates performances on courses achievements, social practices, academic activities, and honor rewards. The tutors, who were elder with higher degree, title and position, in some sense, had positive effects on students' performance. In the teacher-student interactions, college students' initiative communications forwardly with tutors could facilitate their performances better than tutors' initiative communications.

  19. Online Searching in PBL Tutorials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Jun; Bridges, Susan M.; Botelho, Michael G.; Chan, Lap Ki

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to explore how online searching plays a role during PBL tutorials in two undergraduate health sciences curricula, Medicine and Dentistry. Utilizing Interactional Ethnography (IE) as an organizing framework for data collection and analysis, and drawing on a critical theory of technology as an explanatory lens, enabled a textured…

  20. Tutorial Instruction in Science Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rhea Miles

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the study is to examine the tutorial practices of in-service teachers to address the underachievement in the science education of K-12 students. Method: In-service teachers in Virginia and North Carolina were given a survey questionnaire to examine how they tutored students who were in need of additional instruction. Results: When these teachers were asked, “How do you describe a typical one-on-one science tutorial session?” the majority of their responses were categorized as teacher-directed. Many of the teachers would provide a science tutorial session for a student after school for 16-30 minutes, one to three times a week. Respondents also indicated they would rely on technology, peer tutoring, scientific inquiry, or themselves for one-on-one science instruction. Over half of the in-service teachers that responded to the questionnaire stated that they would never rely on outside assistance, such as a family member or an after school program to provide tutorial services in science. Additionally, very few reported that they incorporated the ethnicity, culture, or the native language of ELL students into their science tutoring sessions.

  1. Online Searching in PBL Tutorials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Jun; Bridges, Susan M.; Botelho, Michael G.; Chan, Lap Ki

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to explore how online searching plays a role during PBL tutorials in two undergraduate health sciences curricula, Medicine and Dentistry. Utilizing Interactional Ethnography (IE) as an organizing framework for data collection and analysis, and drawing on a critical theory of technology as an explanatory lens, enabled a textured…

  2. Hypermedia 1990 structured Hypertext tutorial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, J. Scott

    1990-01-01

    Hypermedia 1990 structured Hypertext tutorial is presented in the form of view-graphs. The following subject areas are covered: structured hypertext; analyzing hypertext documents for structure; designing structured hypertext documents; creating structured hypertext applications; structuring service and repair documents; maintaining structured hypertext documents; and structured hypertext conclusion.

  3. Community Essay: Seeking a dialogue: a targeted technology for sustainable agricultural systems in the American Corn Belt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Christianson

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available This Community Essay aims to start a dialogue on the role of targeted environmental technologies in “sustainable agriculture.” Using the new water-quality technology of denitrification bioreactors as a specific example, we focus on the question: are edge-of-field technologies such as bioreactors simply band-aid approaches to sustainable agriculture? Or can they be part of a comprehensive paradigm shift? Denitrification bioreactors are a novel approach for reducing the amount of nitrate in on-farm agricultural drainage, a pollutant that has caused water-quality concerns at both local and national scales. We first address whether or not denitrification bioreactors might qualify singularly as a "sustainable technology" within the conceptual continuum of weak to strong sustainability. Then we introduce a broader perspective on the potential role that targeted technologies might play in multifunctional agricultural landscapes. We suggest that denitrification bioreactors are one technology that can, in a small way, mediate a shift in agrarian paradigms. A transition toward sustainability is a long and gradual process requiring the incorporation of a wide range of approaches including targeted technologies and multifunctional landscapes. While the issues presented here are hardly exhaustive, it is our hope that this commentary spurs broader dialogue within the sustainable agriculture community about the role of technology in the future of agriculture. We are seeking to encourage broader philosophical reflection on work being done in the name of a sustainable agriculture.

  4. Creating Lecture Tutorials for the Introductory Geoscience Classroom with Data Found on the Digital Library for Earth System Education (DLESE) Website

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kortz, K. M.; Jager, J. M.

    2006-05-01

    Lecture Tutorials (LTs) are short, interactive materials used during lectures that guide student learning and challenge students to think about their own misconceptions. They are designed to be used by instructors as a simple way to increase the amount of interactive learning in their classroom. We developed several geoscience LTs, using data sets found on the Digital Library for Earth System Education (DLESE) website when possible, in order to address the problems of student misconceptions and lack of appreciation of science. After a short lecture, the students were given 3 to 4 multiple choice questions about the material covered. They then worked in groups on an LT, participated in a class discussion and answered a second similar question set to test for additional learning. Based on the results of one author's students, the materials were revised and retested with the other's students. Student interviews were conducted to determine the role data sets played in changing student attitudes toward science. LTs in this study were written with two different purposes. One set focused on data interpretation and scientific methods using real-world data sets found on DLESE. We found little to no increase in pre-LT and post-LT performance on the question sets when these LTs were used. The other set of LTs specifically tackled misconceptions about a single geologic topic. Students showed a significant increase in pre-LT and post-LT learning based on the questions sets when these LTs were used. LTs that successfully decreased student misconceptions did not require the use of real-world data sets. We identified several factors influencing student performance on the pre- and post-LT questions, in addition to whether or not the LT focused on including data sets or tackling misconceptions. The distracters in the questions need to include the student misconceptions to verify the students have changed their understanding. This demonstrates a need for a large database of well

  5. Labor Relations and Social Dialogue: Measurement and Diagnosis Instruments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viorel Lefter

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available Social dialogue and tripartism play an important role in promoting and strengthening fundamental principles and rights at work, promoting job creation and expanding social protection. In the context of the severe challenges of globalization, a growing number of developing countries are recognizing the need to faster dialogue, partnership and participatory approaches to decision-making. Thus, social dialogue becomes a prerequisite for efficient corporate governance and means to attain national economic and social objectives and to contribute to poverty reduction policies. We shall propose a diagnosis and analysis system in order to measure and monitor the evolution of the industrial relations and social dialogue.

  6. Improvement of Comprehensive Quality and Creative Ability of the Pharmaceutical Students through Undergraduate Tutorial System%以本科生导师制为依托提高学生综合素质

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于新凤; 曲显俊

    2015-01-01

    药学教育的本质是培养高素质的创新型药学人才,为了将药学理论知识的讲授和实践更好的结合,首都医科大学化学生物学与学院以本科生导师制为依托,不断完善导师制培养体系和考核办法,促进了药学生综合素质和创新能力的提高,并对药学生导师制培养出现的问题提出改进建议。%The essence of pharmaceutical education is to cultivate the innovative talents with high quality. In order to put the pharmaceutical theory into practice, School of Chemical Biology and Pharmaceutical Sciences of Capital Medical University established undergraduate tutorial system, which promotes the students'comprehensive quality and creative ability through Improving the tutor system and assessment methods.The problems of undergraduate tutorial system were also raised and suggestions for improvement were put forward.

  7. Dialogues with social robots enablements, analyses, and evaluation

    CERN Document Server

    Wilcock, Graham

    2017-01-01

    This book explores novel aspects of social robotics, spoken dialogue systems, human-robot interaction, spoken language understanding, multimodal communication, and system evaluation. It offers a variety of perspectives on and solutions to the most important questions about advanced techniques for social robots and chat systems. Chapters by leading researchers address key research and development topics in the field of spoken dialogue systems, focusing in particular on three special themes: dialogue state tracking, evaluation of human-robot dialogue in social robotics, and socio-cognitive language processing. The book offers a valuable resource for researchers and practitioners in both academia and industry whose work involves advanced interaction technology and who are seeking an up-to-date overview of the key topics. It also provides supplementary educational material for courses on state-of-the-art dialogue system technologies, social robotics, and related research fields.

  8. Dialogues on modern physics

    CERN Document Server

    Sachs, Mendel

    1998-01-01

    In this book, important conceptual developments of the two major revolutions of modern physics - the quantum and relativity theories - are presented in a nonmathematical, dialectical form of dialogue. The implications of conflicting philosophical attitudes of these revolutions in physics and applications to topics such as cosmology/astrophysics and high energy physics are emphasized. It is argued that for any substantial progress in our understanding of 21st century physics, it will be necessary to resolve these 20th century conflicts. These richly rewarding dialogues provide a starting point

  9. The promise of dialogue

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Phillips, Louise Jane

    It has become commonplace to employ dialogue-based approaches in producing and communicating knowledge in diverse fields. Here, “dialogue” has become a buzzword that promises democratic, participatory processes of mutual learning and knowledge co-production. But what does “dialogue” actually entail...... in the fields in which it is practised and how can we analyse those practices in ways that take account of their complexities? The Promise of Dialogue presents a novel theoretical framework for analysing the dialogic turn in the production and communication of knowledge that builds bridges across three research...

  10. Science Information Literacy Tutorials and Pedagogy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ping Li

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective – This study examined information literacy tutorials in science. The goals of the research were to identify which of the information literacy standards for science, engineering and technology were addressed in the tutorials, and the extent that the tutorials incorporated good pedagogical elements.Methods – The researcher chose for review 31 of the tutorials selected by members of the ACRL Science & Technology Section (STS Information Literacy Committee. She carefully analyzed the tutorials and developed a database with codes for the topic of each tutorial, the STS information literacy standard(s addressed by the tutorial, and whether good pedagogical elements were incorporated. The entire analysis and coding procedure was repeated three times to ensure consistency.Results – The tutorials analyzed in this study covered various subjects and addressed all the (STS information literacy standards. The tutorials presented information clearly and allowed users to select their own learning paths. The incorporation of good pedagogical elements was limited, especially in relation to active learning elements.Conclusions – Web tutorials have been accepted as effective information literacy instruction tools and have been used to teach all elements of the STS information literacy standards. Yet, ensuring they provide a real learning experience for students remains a challenge. More serious thought needs to be given to integrating good pedagogy into these instructional tools in order to attain deep learning.

  11. Dialogue on Dialogue on Dialogic Pedagogy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Sullivan

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available It appears that in September, 2011, Rome experienced much more than a dialogue on dialogic pedagogy but a gladiatorial clash of personalities and ideas. Heat, we are told, was generated (above, p.1 and in the dissipation of this heat on to the page, even the reader gets hot and flushed. We are told that arguments “fail” (above, p.16; that terms “are not clearly defined” (p.21, breakthroughs in classification (e.g. epistemological dialogical pedagogy are tackled and dragged down to personal eccentricities “his so-called epistemological dialogical pedagogy” (p.22, politeness tries to get a grip periodically, “I agree. But maybe I agree with Kiyo only to a point” but shouting (e.g. capital letters/underlining terms – e.g. “NOT the exclusive practice” (p.26 and assertions take over. Accusation fly - sometimes to the point of legal charges “I charge the Epistemological Pedagogical Dialogue II with...” (p.29.

  12. Survey on satisfaction degree of preventive medicine undergraduates on tutorial system%预防医学本科生对导师制实施的满意度调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    倪春辉; 陈璐; 赵丽萍; 陈峰; 沈洪兵; 胡志斌; 王心如

    2013-01-01

    目的 通过调查与分析预防医学本科生对导师制实施的满意度,为提高本科生导师制应用效果提供依据.方法 以2012年南京医科大学预防医学专业毕业班73名学生为调查对象,由学生填写调查表.调查内容主要包括学生对导师制实施效果评价、满意程度打分、期望与收获、对导师的要求及认为存在的问题.期望与收获之间差距的比较用卡方检验,显著性水平定为P<0.05.结果 一半以上的学生认为导师制实施效果一般,认为效果比较好和很好者占43.8%.按百分制给导师制满意度打分,50分以上者占75.3%,80分以上者占41.1%,90分以上者仅占12.3%.期望与收获比较显示,认为在科研活动中有实际收获人数明显多于希望收获(P<0.001),而学术指导、就业指导及人生价值方面认为有实际收获人数明显低于希望收获(P=0.026,P=0.003,P=0.010).学生希望能与导师尤其是教授有更多的交流机会;有17.8%的学生很少参加导师制活动,其主要原因是对导师制认识不足,缺乏积极主动性,其次为部分学生没有精力来参加导师组织的活动.结论 学生对本科生导师制基本满意,但满意程度有待提高.建议从学院管理、教师和学生三方面进一步完善相关措施,以极大地发挥导师制的作用.%Objective To survey on satisfaction degree of preventive medicine undergraduates on tutorial system and to improve the effects of tutorial system.Methods Totally 73 students of preventive medicine,who would graduate in 2012,were asked to fill the questionnaires by themselves.Main contents of questionnaires include effects,satisfaction score,expectations and reality benefits,requirements for the tutors and problems of the tutorial system.Chi-square was used to test the differences between expectations and reality benefits and the significance level was set as P < 0.05.Results More than half of the students thought that the

  13. Tutorial on nonlinear backstepping: Applications to ship control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thor I. Fossen

    1999-04-01

    Full Text Available The theoretical foundation of nonlinear backstepping designs is presented in a tutorial setting. This includes a brief review of integral backstepping, extensions to SISO and MIMO systems in strict feedback form and physical motivated case studies. Parallels and differences to feedback linearization where it is shown how so-called "good nonlincarities" can be exploited in the design are also made.

  14. Partnerships and Parents--Relationships in Tutorial Programmes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Layton, Delia; McKenna, Sioux

    2016-01-01

    The tutorial system is considered to be a useful pedagogical intervention to improve student retention, particularly in the context of a first-year student's experience of entering university. For these novice students to achieve academic success, it is important that they are given access to the subject-specific knowledge and practices in their…

  15. Software engineering techniques in design automation: a tutorial

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Smith, R.J. II

    1977-04-18

    Several useful software engineering techniques, disciplines, and perspectives are related to typical software development problems in design automation. Specific examples from recent experience illustrate both beneficial and undesirable practices. Oriented toward managers and practicing software engineers, the tutorial discusses system structure, control and data structures, programing guidelines, work habits, testing, documentation, and operational maintenance. 10 figures.

  16. Key Elements of the Tutorial Support Management Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lynch, Grace; Paasuke, Philip

    2011-01-01

    In response to an exponential growth in enrolments the "Tutorial Support Management" (TSM) model has been adopted by Open Universities Australia (OUA) after a two-year project on the provision of online tutor support in first year, online undergraduate units. The essential focus of the TSM model was the development of a systemic approach…

  17. Empowering Dialogues in Humanistic Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aloni, Nimrod

    2013-01-01

    In this article I propose a conception of empowering educational dialogue within the framework of humanistic education. It is based on the notions of Humanistic Education and Empowerment, and draws on a large and diverse repertoire of dialogues--from the classical Socratic, Confucian and Talmudic dialogues, to the modern ones associated with the…

  18. Central Nervous System-Peripheral Immune System Dialogue in Neurological Disorders: Possible Application of Neuroimmunology in Urology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Hyun-Sun; Park, Min-Jung; Kwon, Min-Soo

    2016-05-01

    Previous concepts of immune-privileged sites obscured the role of peripheral immune cells in neurological disorders and excluded the consideration of the potential benefits of immunotherapy. Recently, however, numerous studies have demonstrated that the blood-brain barrier in the central nervous system is an educational barrier rather than an absolute barrier to peripheral immune cells. Emerging knowledge of immune-privileged sites suggests that peripheral immune cells can infiltrate these sites via educative gates and that crosstalk can occur between infiltrating immune cells and the central nervous system parenchyma. This concept can be expanded to the testis, which has long been considered an immune-privileged site, and to neurogenic bladder dysfunction. Thus, we propose that the relationship between peripheral immune cells, the brain, and the urologic system should be considered as an additional possible mechanism in urologic diseases, and that immunotherapy might be an alternative therapeutic strategy in treating neurogenic bladder dysfunction.

  19. ROOT Tutorial for Summer Students

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva; Piparo, Danilo

    2015-01-01

    ROOT is a "batteries-included" tool kit for data analysis, storage and visualization. It is widely used in High Energy Physics and other disciplines such as Biology, Finance and Astrophysics. This event is an introductory tutorial to ROOT and comprises a front lecture and hands on exercises. IMPORTANT NOTE: The tutorial is based on ROOT 6.04 and NOT on the ROOT5 series.  IMPORTANT NOTE: if you have ROOT 6.04 installed on your laptop, you will not need to install any virtual machine. The instructions showing how to install the virtual machine on which you can find ROOT 6.04 can be found under "Material" on this page.

  20. CRJ 305 ASH Tutorial/ Uoptutorial

    OpenAIRE

    venkatesh

    2015-01-01

    For more course tutorials visit   www.uoptutorial.com       Law - General Law Factors that Cause Crime. In Chapter 1 of Crime Prevention, the author discusses factors that cause crime. Select a specific crime or criminal issue. What are three factors that lead to the crime or criminal justice issue you identified? Identify possible solutions to the crime or criminal justice issue you selected. Why do you think these solutions would be effective ...

  1. Tutorial on Online Partial Evaluation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William R. Cook

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper is a short tutorial introduction to online partial evaluation. We show how to write a simple online partial evaluator for a simple, pure, first-order, functional programming language. In particular, we show that the partial evaluator can be derived as a variation on a compositionally defined interpreter. We demonstrate the use of the resulting partial evaluator for program optimization in the context of model-driven development.

  2. Creating R Packages: A Tutorial

    OpenAIRE

    Leisch, Friedrich

    2008-01-01

    This tutorial gives a practical introduction to creating R packages. We discuss how object oriented programming and S formulas can be used to give R code the usual look and feel, how to start a package from a collection of R functions, and how to test the code once the package has been created. As running example we use functions for standard linear regression analysis which are developed from scratch.

  3. Tutorial on Online Partial Evaluation

    CERN Document Server

    Cook, William R; 10.4204/EPTCS.66.8

    2011-01-01

    This paper is a short tutorial introduction to online partial evaluation. We show how to write a simple online partial evaluator for a simple, pure, first-order, functional programming language. In particular, we show that the partial evaluator can be derived as a variation on a compositionally defined interpreter. We demonstrate the use of the resulting partial evaluator for program optimization in the context of model-driven development.

  4. ECO 204 NEW Tutorial / Uoptutorial

    OpenAIRE

    Armugam

    2015-01-01

    For more course tutorials visit www.uoptutorial.com   Circular Flow Diagram. Explain how the circular flow diagram relates to the current economic situation. Using the circular flow diagram, explain a way that your family interacts in the factor market and a way that it interacts in the products market. Supply and Demand. Analyze how the law of demand applies to a recent purchase that you made. Describe how the product has changed in price and explain whether the price ch...

  5. Dialogue in education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lynn Uyen Tran

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available What is the meaning of “dialogue” in education? Why is dialogue important in learning processes? Tran proposes a short review of the literature, starting with Vygotsky and ending with a new field of research in informal learning - conversations among the public visiting museums as a collaborative environment for learning.

  6. Staging and Performing Dialogue

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knox, Jeanette Bresson Ladegaard

    2015-01-01

    in facilitating Socratic dialogue. It also allows me to bring forth the particular dramatic circumstances of the participants and the communal effort of each individual player in the ensemble. The micro cosmos of SDG incarnates the living, moving world that theater represents. It connects the drama...... as a paradigmatic case to illustrate my theater metaphor....

  7. Capabilities for Intercultural Dialogue

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crosbie, Veronica

    2014-01-01

    The capabilities approach offers a valuable analytical lens for exploring the challenge and complexity of intercultural dialogue in contemporary settings. The central tenets of the approach, developed by Amartya Sen and Martha Nussbaum, involve a set of humanistic goals including the recognition that development is a process whereby people's…

  8. Ludics, dialogue and inferentialism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alain Lecomte

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we try to show that Ludics, a (pre-logical framework invented by J-Y. Girard, enables us to rethink some of the relationships between Philosophy, Semantics and Pragmatics. In particular, Ludics helps to shed light on the nature of dialogue and to articulate features of Brandom's inferentialism.

  9. Capabilities for Intercultural Dialogue

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crosbie, Veronica

    2014-01-01

    The capabilities approach offers a valuable analytical lens for exploring the challenge and complexity of intercultural dialogue in contemporary settings. The central tenets of the approach, developed by Amartya Sen and Martha Nussbaum, involve a set of humanistic goals including the recognition that development is a process whereby people's…

  10. Teaching Game Programming using Video Tutorials

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Majgaard, Gunver

    Background. What are the learning potentials of using online video tutorials as educational tools in game programming of Mixed Reality? The paper reports on the first experiences of teaching third semester engineering students design of Mixed Reality using online step-by-step programming video...... tutorials. Mixed Reality covers in this case both Augmented and Virtual Reality. Until recently, most of the instructional support for the software and game development came from paper tutorials (van der Meij et al, 2016:332). YouTube’s rapid growth in popularity and easy to use programs for video...... and emerging topics such as Mixed Reality. Students tend to use video tutorial on their own initiative as supplementary tutorials for new and hard topics. This motivated me to use existing video tutorials as teaching materials in the course titled Mixed Reality for third semester engineering students...

  11. Intercultural Dialogue: Cultural Dialogues of Equals or Cultural Dialogues of Unequals?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Igbino, John

    2011-01-01

    This article has two aims. The first aim of the article is to show some emerging problems and questions facing intercultural dialogue. This involves a critique of intercultural dialogue by situating it within emerging models of cultural change. The second aim of the article is to show alternative approaches to cultural dialogues. This involves the…

  12. La Acción Tutorial

    OpenAIRE

    Campillo Frutos, Sebastián; Sánchez López, María Cristina; Gomariz Vicente, María Ángeles; Martínez Juárez, Miriam

    2009-01-01

    Contenidos: La Acción tutorial. El tutor. El Plan de Acción Tutorial. Técnicas para el desarrollo de la Acción Tutorial. Materia que se imparte en el Master Universitario en Formación del Profesorado de Educación Secundaria Obligatoria y Bachillerato, Formación Profesional, Enseñanzas de Idiomas y Enseñanzas Artísticas

  13. The Facilitation of Problem-Based Learning in Medical Education Through a Computer-Mediated Tutorial Laboratory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Myers, A.; Barrows, H.S.; Koschmann, T.D.; Feltovich, P.J.

    1990-01-01

    This paper describes the means by which a computer-supported group interaction system known as the Computer-Mediated Tutorial Laboratory (CMTL) is used to support Problem-Based Learning Tutorials. The Problem-Based Learning Tutorial process has traditionally been solely a group process, sharing both the advantages and the disadvantages of any group process. This paper discusses the nature of Problem-Based Learning, the logistics of integrating computer mediation with the tutorial process and how computer mediation can be used to facilitate the eliciting and recording of individual input while enhancing the powerful effects of the group process.

  14. Recently Published Lectures and Tutorials for ATLAS

    CERN Multimedia

    J. Herr

    2006-01-01

    As reported in the September 2004 ATLAS eNews, the Web Lecture Archive Project, a collaboration between the University of Michigan and CERN, has developed a synchronized system for recording and publishing educational multimedia presentations, using the Web as medium. The current system, including future developments for the project and the field in general, was recently presented at the CHEP 2006 conference in Mumbai, India. The relevant presentations and papers can be found here: The Web Lecture Archive Project A Web Lecture Capture System with Robotic Speaker Tracking This year, the University of Michigan team has been asked to record and publish all ATLAS Plenary sessions, as well as a large number of Physics and Computing tutorials. A significant amount of this material has already been published and can be accessed via the links below. All lectures can be viewed on any major platform with any common internet browser, either via streaming or local download (for limited bandwidth). Please enjoy the l...

  15. Recently Published Lectures and Tutorials for ATLAS

    CERN Multimedia

    Goldfarb, S.

    2006-01-01

    As reported in the September 2004 ATLAS eNews, the Web Lecture Archive Project, WLAP, a collaboration between the University of Michigan and CERN, has developed a synchronized system for recording and publishing educational multimedia presentations, using the Web as medium. The current system, including future developments for the project and the field in general, was recently presented at the CHEP 2006 conference in Mumbai, India. The relevant presentations and papers can be found here: The Web Lecture Archive Project. A Web Lecture Capture System with Robotic Speaker Tracking This year, the University of Michigan team has been asked to record and publish all ATLAS Plenary sessions, as well as a large number of Physics and Computing tutorials. A significant amount of this material has already been published and can be accessed via the links below. All lectures can be viewed on any major platform with any common internet browser, either via streaming or local download (for limited bandwidth). Please e...

  16. A 'learning-by-doing' treatment planning tutorial for medical physicists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, J; Hartmann, B; Kalet, I

    2009-06-01

    A framework for a tutorial for treatment planning in radiation oncology physics was developed, based on the University of Washington treatment planning system Prism. The tutorial is aimed at students in Medical Physics to accompany the lectures on treatment planning to enhance their theoretical knowledge. A web-based layout was chosen to allow independent work of the students. The tutorial guides the students through three different learning modules, designed mainly to enhance their understanding of the processes involved in treatment planning but also to learn the specific features of a modern treatment planning system. Each of the modules contains four units, with the aim to introduce the relevant Prism features, practice skills in different tasks and finally check the learning outcomes with a challenge and a self-scoring quiz. A survey for students' feedback completes the tutorial. Various tools and learning methods help to create an interactive, appealing learning environment, in which the emphasis is shifted from teacher-centred to student-centred learning paradigms. In summary, Prism lends itself well for educational purposes. The tutorial covers all main aspects of treatment planning. In its current form the tutorial is self-contained but still adjustable and expandable. The tutorial can be made available upon request to the authors.

  17. A PERSPECTIVE OF INTERCULTURAL DIALOGUE IN EDUCATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Christina SUCIU

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The paper discusses briefly some modern visions of the topic of intercultural dialogue within the context of a multicultural education environment and pluralistic society. The main reason for choosing this topic is directly related to the globalization process that marks our existence today. Globalization might provide opportunities for education and for businesses. But it also addresses serious challenges as well. We believe that by supporting intercultural sensitivity and intercultural dialogue within the education system in the spirit of multicultural societies will generate mostly on the long-run benefits for both individuals and organizations. The paper provides mostly a theoretical perspective of intercultural dialogue that is complemented by some guidelines for an effective intercultural education with a focus on how and what kind of education should contribute to better prepare people to live in multicultural societies.

  18. The Human Communication Research Centre dialogue database.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, A H; Garrod, S C; Clark, A; Boyle, E; Mullin, J

    1992-10-01

    The HCRC dialogue database consists of over 700 transcribed and coded dialogues from pairs of speakers aged from seven to fourteen. The speakers are recorded while tackling co-operative problem-solving tasks and the same pairs of speakers are recorded over two years tackling 10 different versions of our two tasks. In addition there are over 200 dialogues recorded between pairs of undergraduate speakers engaged on versions of the same tasks. Access to the database, and to its accompanying custom-built search software, is available electronically over the JANET system by contacting liz@psy.glasgow.ac.uk, from whom further information about the database and a user's guide to the database can be obtained.

  19. Solar Tutorial and Annotation Resource (STAR)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Showalter, C.; Rex, R.; Hurlburt, N. E.; Zita, E. J.

    2009-12-01

    We have written a software suite designed to facilitate solar data analysis by scientists, students, and the public, anticipating enormous datasets from future instruments. Our “STAR" suite includes an interactive learning section explaining 15 classes of solar events. Users learn software tools that exploit humans’ superior ability (over computers) to identify many events. Annotation tools include time slice generation to quantify loop oscillations, the interpolation of event shapes using natural cubic splines (for loops, sigmoids, and filaments) and closed cubic splines (for coronal holes). Learning these tools in an environment where examples are provided prepares new users to comfortably utilize annotation software with new data. Upon completion of our tutorial, users are presented with media of various solar events and asked to identify and annotate the images, to test their mastery of the system. Goals of the project include public input into the data analysis of very large datasets from future solar satellites, and increased public interest and knowledge about the Sun. In 2010, the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) will be launched into orbit. SDO’s advancements in solar telescope technology will generate a terabyte per day of high-quality data, requiring innovation in data management. While major projects develop automated feature recognition software, so that computers can complete much of the initial event tagging and analysis, still, that software cannot annotate features such as sigmoids, coronal magnetic loops, coronal dimming, etc., due to large amounts of data concentrated in relatively small areas. Previously, solar physicists manually annotated these features, but with the imminent influx of data it is unrealistic to expect specialized researchers to examine every image that computers cannot fully process. A new approach is needed to efficiently process these data. Providing analysis tools and data access to students and the public have proven

  20. MuPAD tutorial

    CERN Document Server

    Creutzig, Christopher

    2004-01-01

    This book explains the basic use of the software package called MuPAD and gives an insight into the power of the system. MuPAD is a so-called com­ puter algebra system, which is developed mainly by Sciface Software and the MuPAD Research Group of the University of Paderborn in Germany. This introduction addresses mathematicians, engineers, computer scientists, natural scientists and, more generally, all those in need of mathematical com­ putations for their education or their profession. Generally speaking, this book addresses anybody who wants to use the power of a modern computer algebra package. There are two ways to use a computer algebra system. On the one hand, you may use the mathematical knowledge it incorporates by calling system functions interactively. For example, you can compute symbolic integrals or generate and invert matrices by calling appropriate functions. They comprise the system's mathematical intelligence and may implement sophisticated al­ gorithms. Chapters 2 through 15 discuss this...

  1. The Construction of Professional Community of Tutorial System Based on General Education%基于通识教育的导师制专业社团建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴皓; 马庆; 周风余; 田国会; 张振山

    2012-01-01

    Based on the exploration and practice of combining general education curriculum "Robot" with students' community in Shandong University,the paper puts forward that robot technology fits the general education curriculum,combine professional community with general education,and form "Teacher-led,Student-centered" new model of professional community of tutorial system.And the paper discusses the significance and constructing schema of professional community of tutorial system.Professional community of tutorial system combined with generation education not only establishes good learning basis for students and widens the professional field,but also fully plays the teachers' "Guidance" and students' "Initiative",the model will certainly become one of powerful methods to train compound,high-quality,and top-notch talents.%基于山东大学将"机器人"通识教育课程与学生社团结合的探索与实践,文章提出机器人技术适合作为通识教育课程,将专业社团与通识教育结合,形成"以教师为主导,以学生为主体"的导师制专业社团新模式。并论述了导师制专业社团的意义及建设方案。与通识教育结合的导师制专业社团既能奠定学生良好的学习基础,拓宽专业口径,又能在课余时间充分发挥教师的"指导性"和学生的"主动性"作用,这种模式必将成为培养复合型高素质拔尖创新人才的有力手段之一。

  2. Share and Share Alike: Barriers and Solutions to Tutorial Creation and Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne-Marie Deitering

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Using data gathered in a nationwide survey, we found the most important barriers to tutorial creation for instruction librarians are time and technological expertise. Drawing on our experience extending the content management system used to build class pages and subject guides, we suggest using a content management system, like Library à la Carte, or LibGuides to build tutorials suggests a path around these common barriers.

  3. Research on the Particularity of Tutorial System in Private University ——Taking Beijing Geely University for Example%民办高校导师制的特殊性研究——以北京吉利大学为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘劲

    2012-01-01

    近年来,我国部分高校包括民办高校开始在本科生、高职高专学生中实行导师制的教育制度,但是,这毕竟是一个新的课题,没有现成的模式可以照搬。基于此,本文以北京吉利大学为例,从导师制产生的根源、学校的教育模式以及学校的生源特点等方面展开分析,在此基础上提出适合民办高校导师制的对策建议。%The education institution of the tutorial system has been implementing for undergraduates and vocational and technical students in many universities and colleges including private universities in China recently, which is a new subject. There is no an available mode that can be imitated after all. Based on it, the thesis taking BGU for example excogitates the particularity of tutorial system in private universities. The particularity lies in the root of the tutorial system, the educational model and the characteristics of the students of university. The tutorial system suitable for private university is put forward according to the partieularity.

  4. Renormalization Group Tutorial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bell, Thomas L.

    2004-01-01

    Complex physical systems sometimes have statistical behavior characterized by power- law dependence on the parameters of the system and spatial variability with no particular characteristic scale as the parameters approach critical values. The renormalization group (RG) approach was developed in the fields of statistical mechanics and quantum field theory to derive quantitative predictions of such behavior in cases where conventional methods of analysis fail. Techniques based on these ideas have since been extended to treat problems in many different fields, and in particular, the behavior of turbulent fluids. This lecture will describe a relatively simple but nontrivial example of the RG approach applied to the diffusion of photons out of a stellar medium when the photons have wavelengths near that of an emission line of atoms in the medium.

  5. Research-Policy Dialogues in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bak Jørgensen, Martin

    2015-01-01

    given to evidence-based policymaking in the country. Subsequently, disenchantment about research-policy dialogues has occurred. While the use of external research arguably has been limited, there has, in contrast, been a proliferation of in-house research institutions within the political system itself...

  6. Trinitarian paradigm for dialogue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Derdziuk Andrzej

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available A dialogue as a social reality consists, first and foremost, in communication between those who realize that they are called to notice and to accept the other and to treat him or her with proper respect. Such a dialogue may be motivated either by the desire to share the good or by the willingness to avoid conflict. The aforementioned approaches are marked by distinctly different attitudes, which are not only rooted in two different methodologies and have two different aims, but they also encompass two diverse procedures. More importantly, engaging in dialogue may also be motivated by realizing one’s own mission in life, i.e. acting in harmony with the spiritual nature of the human being, who is a relational being. Upon realizing his or her likeness to the Triune God, i.e. the inseparable communion of the Divine Persons, a Christian discovers that the Holy Trinity constitutes the model and source for his or her own involvement in maintaining relationships with other people.

  7. GEN 480 UOP TUTORIAL / Uoptutorial

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    For more course tutorials visit www.uoptutorial.com           GEN 480 Week 1 DQ 1  GEN 480 Week 1 DQ 2  GEN 480 Week 1 DQ 3  GEN 480 Week 1 DQ 4  GEN 480 Week 1 Individual AssignmentEthics Awareness  GEN 480 Week 1 Summary  GEN 480 Week 2 DQ 1  GEN 480 Week 2 DQ 2  GEN 480 Week 2 DQ 3  GEN 480 Week 2 DQ 4  GEN 480 Week 2 Individual Assignment Ethics Awareness &...

  8. Agregar recursos en Studium. Tutorial

    OpenAIRE

    Universidad de Salamanca (España). Universidad Virtual

    2009-01-01

    A través de este tutorial se pretende dar a conocer las opciones que presenta Studium para agregar diversos tipos de recursos. Se explica de forma textual y gráfica cómo añadir y editar una etiqueta, una página de texto, una página web, enlazar diversos tipos de documentos, como un archivo o una web. Por otra parte, se presenta cómo gestionar el uso de carpetas.

  9. ACC 230 UOP TUTORIAL / Uoptutorial

    OpenAIRE

    Justin Bieber

    2015-01-01

    For more course tutorials visit www.uoptutorial.com   ACC 230 Week 1 Checkpoint Financial Statements ACC 230 Week 1 DQ 1 and DQ 2 ACC 230 Week 2 CheckPoint Differentiating Depreciation Methods ACC 230 Week 2 Assignment Lucent Technologies Case ACC 230 Week 3 CheckPoint Preparing an Income Statement ACC 230 Week 3 DQ 1 and DQ 2 ACC 230 Week 4 CheckPoint Analyzing an Income Statement ACC 230 Week 4 Assignment Web Sites Search ACC 230 Week 5 Chec...

  10. PXI Express specification tutorial

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    National Instruments

    2007-01-01

    @@ Introduction The PXI industry standard has quickly gained adoption and grown in prevalence in automated test systems since its release in 1998. PXI is being selected as the platform of choice for thousands of applications, from areas such as military and aerospace, consumer electronics, and communications, to process control and industrial automation. One of the key elements driving the rapid adoption of PXI is its use of PCI in the communication backplane. Now, as the commercial PC industry drastically improves the available bus bandwidth by evolving PCI to PCI Express, PXI has the ability to meet even more application needs by integrating PCI Express into the PXI standard.

  11. Dialogue on Dialogic Pedagogy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugene Matusov

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available In September 2011 in Rome at the International Society for Cultural and Activity Research conference, Eugene Matusov (USA, Kiyotaka Miyazaki (Japan, Jayne White (New Zealand, and Olga Dysthe (Norway organized a symposium on Dialogic Pedagogy. Formally during the symposium and informally after the symposium several heated discussions started among the participants about the nature of dialogic pedagogy. The uniting theme of these discussions was a strong commitment by all four participants to apply the dialogic framework developed by Soviet-Russian philosopher and literary theoretician Bakhtin to education. In this special issue, Eugene Matusov (USA and Kiyotaka Miyazaki (Japan have developed only three of the heated issues discussed at the symposium in a form of dialogic exchanges (dialogue-disagreements. We invited our Dialogic Pedagogy colleagues Jayne White (New Zealand and Olga Dysthe (Norway to write commentaries on the dialogues. Fortunately, Jayne White kindly accepted the request and wrote her commentary. Unfortunately, Olga Dysthe could not participate due to her prior commitments to other projects. We also invited Ana Marjanovic-Shane (USA, Beth Ferholt (USA, Rupert Wegerif (UK, and Paul Sullivan (UK to comment on Eugene-Kiyotaka dialogue-disagreement.                The first two heated issues were initiated by Eugene Matusov by providing a typology of different conceptual approaches to Dialogic Pedagogy that he had noticed in education. Specifically, the debate with Kiyotaka Miyazaki (and the other two participants was around three types of Dialogic Pedagogy defined by Eugene Matusov: instrumental, epistemological, and ontological types of Dialogic Pedagogy. Specifically, Eugene Matusov subscribes to ontological dialogic pedagogy arguing that dialogic pedagogy should be built around students’ important existing or emergent life interests, concerns, questions, and needs. He challenged both instrumental dialogic

  12. 私人订制式双导师制在论文指导中的应用%Research on Application of Personal Tailor Double Tutorial System on the Thesis Supervision

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈求芳; 王小燕

    2015-01-01

    阐述双导师制在中药学专业本科论文指导中的应用情况. 通过校外指导教师和校内专业教师联合指导,结合学生论文撰写进度,从选题、开题报告、论文写作、论文答辩四个环节进行全程私人订制式的指导论文工作.%This paper mainly describes the application of Double Tutorial System on the thesis supervision on traditional Chinese Medicine Specialty .Through the combination of extramural tutor and school profes-sional guidance teachers,according to the students'thesis writing process,four links such as the selected topic,thesis proposal,thesis writing,thesis reply,carry out of full Personal Tailor type of guidance work.

  13. Hyperspectral image analysis. A tutorial

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amigo, José Manuel, E-mail: jmar@food.ku.dk [Spectroscopy and Chemometrics Group, Department of Food Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Copenhagen, Rolighedsvej 30, Frederiksberg C DK–1958 (Denmark); Babamoradi, Hamid [Spectroscopy and Chemometrics Group, Department of Food Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Copenhagen, Rolighedsvej 30, Frederiksberg C DK–1958 (Denmark); Elcoroaristizabal, Saioa [Spectroscopy and Chemometrics Group, Department of Food Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Copenhagen, Rolighedsvej 30, Frederiksberg C DK–1958 (Denmark); Chemical and Environmental Engineering Department, School of Engineering, University of the Basque Country, Alameda de Urquijo s/n, E-48013 Bilbao (Spain)

    2015-10-08

    This tutorial aims at providing guidelines and practical tools to assist with the analysis of hyperspectral images. Topics like hyperspectral image acquisition, image pre-processing, multivariate exploratory analysis, hyperspectral image resolution, classification and final digital image processing will be exposed, and some guidelines given and discussed. Due to the broad character of current applications and the vast number of multivariate methods available, this paper has focused on an industrial chemical framework to explain, in a step-wise manner, how to develop a classification methodology to differentiate between several types of plastics by using Near infrared hyperspectral imaging and Partial Least Squares – Discriminant Analysis. Thus, the reader is guided through every single step and oriented in order to adapt those strategies to the user's case. - Highlights: • Comprehensive tutorial of Hyperspectral Image analysis. • Hierarchical discrimination of six classes of plastics containing flame retardant. • Step by step guidelines to perform class-modeling on hyperspectral images. • Fusion of multivariate data analysis and digital image processing methods. • Promising methodology for real-time detection of plastics containing flame retardant.

  14. Tutorial on Superconducting Accelerator Magnets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ball, M. J. Penny; Goodzeit, Carl L.

    1997-05-01

    A multimedia CD-ROM tutorial on the physics and engineering concepts of superconducting magnets for particle accelerators is being developed under a U.S. Dept. of Energy SBIR grant. The tutorial, scheduled for distribution this summer, is targeted to undergraduate junior or senior level science students. However, its unified presentation of the broad range of issues involved in the design of superconducting magnets for accelerators and the extensive detail about the construction process (including animations and video clips) will also be of value to staff of research institutes and industrial concerns with an interest in applied superconductivity or magnet development. The source material, which is based on the world-wide R and D programs to develop superconducting accelerator magnets, is organized in five units with the following themes: Introduction to magnets and accelerators; (2) Superconductors for accelerator magnets; (3) Magnetic design methods for accelerator magnets; (4) Electrical, mechanical, and cryogenic considerations for the final magnet package; (5) Performance characteristics and measurement methods. A detailed outline and examples will be shown.

  15. All 2006 ATLAS Tutorials online

    CERN Multimedia

    Steven Goldfarb,; Mitch McLachlan,; Homer A. Neal

    The University of Michigan has completed its full agenda of Web Lecture recording for ATLAS for 2006. The archives include all three ATLAS Week Plenary Sessions, as well as a large variety of tutorials. They are accessible at target="_top" this location. Viewing requires a standard web browser with RealPlayer plug-in (included in most browsers automatically) and works on any major platform. This is the first year our group has been asked to provide this complete service to the collaboration, so any and all feedback is welcome. We would especially like to know if you had any difficulties viewing the lectures, if you found the selection of material to be useful, and/or if you think there are any other specific events we ought to cover in 2007. Please send you comments to wlap@umich.edu. We look forward to bringing you a rich variety of new lectures in 2007, starting with the ATLAS Distributed Computing Tutorial on Feb 1, 2 in Edinburgh and concluding with the Higgs discovery talk (of course). Enjoy the Lec...

  16. Dialogue as Data in Learning Analytics for Productive Educational Dialogue

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knight, Simon; Littleton, Karen

    2015-01-01

    This paper provides a novel, conceptually driven stance on the state of the contemporary analytic challenges faced in the treatment of dialogue as a form of data across on- and offline sites of learning. In prior research, preliminary steps have been taken to detect occurrences of such dialogue using automated analysis techniques. Such advances…

  17. Quantum Dialogue Revisited

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MAN Zhong-Xiao; ZHANG Zhan-Jun; LI Yong

    2005-01-01

    @@ An entanglement-based quantum dialogue protocol [Phys. Lett. A 328 (2004) 6] is proven to be insecure: that is, in the protocol an eavesdropper can steal the secret messages without being detected provided that he/she adopts the intercept-and-resend attack strategy. We modify the protocol, I.e. In the control mode, by introducing and randomly choosing two sets of measuring basis: the intercept-and-resend attack can be accordingly detected. Hence, within the present version two users can securely and simultaneously exchange their secret messages.

  18. Assessing Knowledge in Dialogue

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tackney, Charles T.; Strømgren, Ole; Sato, Toyoko

    2013-01-01

    The Synopsis–Based Oral Examination (S–BOE) is described as deployed in international management education programs in a Danish business school. It assesses students in light of specified learning objectives through time–constrained presentation and dialogue. The format is premised on prior...... submission of a synopsis, although the synopsis has no bearing on grade assessment. Practitioner experience and student feedback suggest that students experience this type of examination as an important learning experience, in itself, in addition to testing course–related knowledge. We reviewed the current...

  19. Tutorial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bender, Ralf; Berg, Gabriele; Zeeb, Hajo

    2005-01-01

    Confidence intervals represent a routinely used standard method to document the uncertainty of estimated effects. In most cases, for the calculation of confidence intervals the conventional fixed 95% confidence level is used. Confidence curves represent a graphical illustration of confidence...... attention to the different interpretation of one- and two-sided statistical inference. It is shown that these two options also have influence on the plotting of appropriate confidence curves. We illustrate the use of one- and two-sided confidence curves and explain their correct interpretation. In medical...

  20. Active Center of Islamic Dialogue Civilizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ebrahim Moghimi

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available It is obvious that an essay have introduced about Dialogue Civilizations, at first must be start with a definition about it. Obviously, this simple definition is almost difficult. Defining of Dialogue Civilizations is complex and difficult as far as it need to a vast range of definitions. In this essay will argue that how ever definition of Dialogue Civilization is different, can only seek as specific of intemporall and special situations that are in real-life. As well as this essay emphasize to practice of environmental (realm in Islamic countries. The philosophy of this essay is that, what is the share of Islamic environments with regard to looking at Civilizations special phenomena. The first attitude is that Islamic civilization includes different spaces around the globe. The second attitude is that Islamic Civilization includes developing of other Civilizations realm. The third is that in the realm of Islamic Civilization live different human life and this is an important starting point for Cultural Dialogue in the Islamic countries together. The fourth is that, there are expanding (space, population, political systems, organs and economic is different, that we will describe them in this essay.

  1. Spoken dialogue understanding and local context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heeman, Peter A.

    1994-07-01

    Spoken dialogue poses many new problems to researchers in the field of computational linguistics. In particular, conversants must detect and correct speech repairs, segment a turn into individual utterances, and identify discourse markers. These problems are interrelated. For instance, there are some lexical items whose role in an utterance can be ambiguous: they can act as discourse markers, signal as speech repair, or even be part of the content of an utterance unit. So, these issues must be addressed together. The resolution of these problems will allow a basic understanding of how a speaker's turn can be broken down into individual contributions to the dialogue. We propose that this resolution must be and can be done using local context. They do not require a full understanding of the dialogue so far, nor, in most cases, a deep understanding of the current turn. Resolving these issues locally also means they can be resolved for the most part before later processing, and so will make a natural language understanding system more robust and able to deal with the unconstrained nature of spoken dialogue.

  2. The genre tutorial and social networks terminology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márcio Sales Santiago

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the terminology in the Internet social networks tutorials. A tutorial is a specialized text, full of terms, aiming to teach an individual or group of individuals who need some guidelines to operationalize a computerized tool, such as a social network. It is necessary to identify linguistic and terminological characteristics from the specialized lexical units in this digital genre. Social networks terminology is described and exemplified here. The results show that it is possible to refer to two specific terminologies in tutorials which help to determine the terminological profile of the thematic area, specifically from the point of view of denomination.

  3. OAI-PMH basics Tutorial 3

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2007-01-01

    This tutorial is aimed at those who are new to the area of repositories and who want to learn more about key advocacy and policy issues. The tutorial will include information and advice on putting together an institutional advocacy campaign and developing policies for your repository. There will be opportunities for participants to share experiences and to ask questions. The tutorial will include a practical exercise in developing an advocacy presentation. Participants with experience of advocacy are welcome to attend the session to share their experiences, but should bear in mind that it is aimed primarily at those looking for help and advice in advocacy matters.

  4. Advocacy and policy issues Tutorial 2

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2007-01-01

    This tutorial is aimed at those who are new to the area of repositories and who want to learn more about key advocacy and policy issues. The tutorial will include information and advice on putting together an institutional advocacy campaign and developing policies for your repository. There will be opportunities for participants to share experiences and to ask questions. The tutorial will include a practical exercise in developing an advocacy presentation. Participants with experience of advocacy are welcome to attend the session to share their experiences, but should bear in mind that it is aimed primarily at those looking for help and advice in advocacy matters.

  5. How Is Global Dialogue Possible?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Intercultural dialogue is often invoked in vague reference to a method that can build cross-cultural understanding and facilitate global policy-making. The 25 chapters of this book--written by leading specialists in the respective areas--clarify the theoretical foundations of intercultural dialogue...

  6. Concepts of dialogue as counterterrorism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gad, Ulrik Pram

    2012-01-01

    of information, partnerships and dialogue. This article analyses Danish counterterrorism policy narratives to identify the concepts of dialogue implied and the positions awarded to less-than-radical Muslim Others. This article finds that Muslims might – especially after the Danish Muhammad cartoon affair...

  7. Judicial Dialogue and Human Rights

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Müller, A.; Kjos, H.E.

    2017-01-01

    This book offers a comprehensive analysis of the extent, method, purpose and effects of domestic and international courts' judicial dialogue on human rights. The analysis covers national courts' judicial dialogue from different regions of the world, including Eastern Europe, Latin America, Canada,

  8. John Dewey Lives: A Dialogue

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayers, William C.; Schubert, William H.

    2012-01-01

    This dialogue is an edited version of a dialogue between William C. Ayers and William H. Schubert at the November 10-12, 2011, meeting of the Progressive Education Network hosted by the Francis W. Parker School in Chicago, Illinois. It was the opening keynote session on the evening of November 10. Ayers interviewed Schubert, who acted as John…

  9. Imre Lakatos's Use of Dialogue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greig, Judith Maxwell

    This paper uses a book, "Proofs and Refutations: The Logic of Mathematical Discovery," as an example of Lakatos's use of dialogue. The book was originally adapted from his dissertation and influenced by Polya and Popper. His discussion of the Euler conjecture is summarized. Three purposes for choosing the dialogue form for the book were…

  10. Dialogue with computers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Filippazzi, F.

    1991-03-01

    As to whether or not it would be possible to make a computer maintain dialogue with its operator and give plausible statements without actually 'understanding' what is being spoken about, the answer is, within certain limits, yes. An idea of this was given about 25 years ago with MIT's J. Weizenbaum's ELIZA program, named after G. B. Shaw's Pygmalion Cockney flower-seller who learned to talk like a duchess. The operating mechanism by which a computer would be able to do likewise must satisfy three prerequisites: the language must be natural; the speech coherent; and the answers should be consistent for any given question even when that question is asked in a slightly different form. To make this possible, the dialogue must take place within a limited context (in fact, the ELIZA experiment involved a simulated doctor/patient in-studio conversation). This article presents a portion of that conversation, in which the doctor, i.e., the computer, evasively answers his patient's questions without actually ever coming to grips with the issue, to illustrate how such a man-machine interface mechanism works.

  11. Hyperspectral image analysis. A tutorial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Amigo Rubio, Jose Manuel; Babamoradi, Hamid; Elcoroaristizabal Martin, Saioa

    2015-01-01

    This tutorial aims at providing guidelines and practical tools to assist with the analysis of hyperspectral images. Topics like hyperspectral image acquisition, image pre-processing, multivariate exploratory analysis, hyperspectral image resolution, classification and final digital image processi...... to differentiate between several types of plastics by using Near infrared hyperspectral imaging and Partial Least Squares - Discriminant Analysis. Thus, the reader is guided through every single step and oriented in order to adapt those strategies to the user's case....... will be exposed, and some guidelines given and discussed. Due to the broad character of current applications and the vast number of multivariate methods available, this paper has focused on an industrial chemical framework to explain, in a step-wise manner, how to develop a classification methodology...

  12. Analog circuit design a tutorial guide to applications and solutions

    CERN Document Server

    Williams, Jim

    2011-01-01

    * Covers the fundamentals of linear/analog circuit and system design to guide engineers with their design challenges. * Based on the Application Notes of Linear Technology, the foremost designer of high performance analog products, readers will gain practical insights into design techniques and practice. * Broad range of topics, including power management tutorials, switching regulator design, linear regulator design, data conversion, signal conditioning, and high frequency/RF design. * Contributors include the leading lights in analog design, Robert Dobkin, Jim Willia

  13. Basic Radar Altimetry Toolbox & Tutorial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosmorduc, Vinca; Benveniste, Jerome; Breebaart, Leo; Bronner, Emilie; Dinardo, Salvatore; Earith, Didier; Lucas, Bruno Manuel; Niejmeier, Sander; Picot, Nicolas

    2010-12-01

    The Basic Radar Altimetry Toolbox is an "all-altimeter" collection of tools, tutorials and documents designed to facilitate the use of radar altimetry data, including the last mission launched, CryoSat. It has been available from April 2007, and had been demonstrated during training courses and scientific meetings. Nearly 1200 people downloaded it (as of end of June 2010), with many "newcomers" to altimetry among them. Users' feedbacks, developments in altimetry, and practice, showed that new interesting features could be added. Some have been added and/or improved in version 2. Others are ongoing, some are in discussion. The Basic Radar Altimetry Toolbox is able: - to read most distributed radar altimetry data, from ERS-1 & 2, Topex/Poseidon, Geosat Follow-on, Jason- 1, Envisat, Jason- 2, CryoSat and also the future Saral and Sentinel 3 missions, - to perform some processing, data editing and statistic, - and to visualize the results. It can be used at several levels/several ways: - as a data reading tool, with APIs for C, Fortran, Matlab and IDL - as processing/extraction routines, through the on-line command mode - as an educational and a quick-look tool both, with the graphical user interface As part of the Toolbox, a Radar Altimetry Tutorial gives general information about altimetry, the technique involved and its applications, as well as an overview of past, present and future missions, including information on how to access data, additional software and documentation. It also presents a series of data use cases, covering all uses of altimetry over ocean, cryosphere and land, showing the basic methods for some of the most frequent manners of using altimetry data. BRAT is developed under contract with ESA and CNES. It is available at http://www.altimetry.info and http://earth.esa.int/brat/

  14. Ontologies and adaptivity in dialogue for question answering

    CERN Document Server

    Sonntag, D

    2010-01-01

    Question answering (QA) has become one of the fastest growing topics in computational linguistics and information access. To advance research in the area of dialogue-based question answering, we propose a combination of methods from different scientific fields (i.e., Information Retrieval, Dialogue Systems, Semantic Web, and Machine Learning). This book sheds light on adaptable dialogue-based question answering. We demonstrate the technical and computational feasibility of the proposed ideas, the introspective methods in particular, by beginning with an extensive introduction to the dialogical

  15. Development of an independent tutorial medical imaging system based on PACS%基于医学影像存档与传输系统的独立教学系统的研发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨学东; 陈阳安; 王继琛; 叶锦棠; 孙晓伟; 秦乃姗; 王霄英

    2012-01-01

    Objective To develop an independent tutorial medical imaging system based on PACS, enabling comprehensive and systemic learning of diagnosis and differential diagnosis of diseases. Methods A radiology information system (RIS) server was used as the system server. B/S architecture was adopted. Microsoft SQL 2005 was employed as the database. The programming language was ASP. NET. JavaScript + DOM were applied for human-computer interaction in the client. The tutorial program included an object oriented learning strategy and keynote projects for identification and diagnosis of diseases. Interactions of some valuable cases in the PACS were made with the keynote projects. Results The tutorial software included two parts, I. E. The software architecture and the tutorial program. The authorized users would be able to log onto the interface of "learning and practice", which included "learner's center" and "online test". The learner's center offered a learning strategy, a number of keynote projects (clinical practice, pathology, epidemiology, and iconography, etc. ), and tips for diagnosis and sample clinical cases in PACS. The online test provided an examination pool with a range of difficulty levels and an automatic scoring system. The system administrator would be authorized for the maintenance of the list of programs, learning strategy, teaching materials, examination questions and answer sheets. The system administrator would also be engaged in the management of identities and authorization of users. Conclusion An independent tutorial medical imaging system based on PACS is successfully developed. It serves to the needs of students with a range of academic levels, and will significantly improve the teaching level of medical imaging.%目的 开发一种基于PACS的独立的教学系统,便于不同层次学生方便地学习各系统疾病的诊断与鉴别诊断.方法 使用放射科信息系统(RIS)服务器作为系统服务器,总体采用B/S架构,Microsoft SQL

  16. Analysis and Research on Three Different Types of Spoken Dialogue System%三种不同类型语音对话系统的分析与研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭展

    2013-01-01

      口语对话系统一直是计算机科学领域人类语言技术的热点,能够应用于不同的领域并且具备广阔的前景。将分析国外不同领域的三种典型会话系统:CommandTalk、ITSPOKE 和NICE。将从使用范围与交互方式、语音识别、对话管理、语音合成等几方面分析和研究这三种来自不同领域的对话系统,并提出观点和见解,为国内的口语对话系统研究和开发提供一定的参考和建议。%  Since the spoken dialogue system is a hot word in the human language technology area of com-puter science, it is promising technology and also implemented in some products. Contrasts three spoken dialogue systems which are used in different areas in foreign countries. They are CommandTalk, ITSPOKE and NICE. Compares the three systems in different sides which in-clude domain and the interaction with them, speech recognition, dialogue management, speech synthesis. Makes a conclusion and presents the author's opinion that can be reference and sug-gestions for research and development in spoken dialogue system in our country.

  17. Understanding Medical Words Tutorial: Download Instructions

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... https://medlineplus.gov/medwords/medicalwordsdownload.html Understanding Medical Words Tutorial: Download Instructions To use the sharing features ... no Internet connection is available. Download: Understanding Medical Words [16MB zip file] Download instructions : Click on the ...

  18. The BTeV Software Tutorial Suite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Robert K. Kutschke

    2004-02-20

    The BTeV Collaboration is starting to develop its C++ based offline software suite, an integral part of which is a series of tutorials. These tutorials are targeted at a diverse audience, including new graduate students, experienced physicists with little or no C++ experience, those with just enough C++ to be dangerous, and experts who need only an overview of the available tools. The tutorials must both teach C++ in general and the BTeV specific tools in particular. Finally, they must teach physicists how to find and use the detailed documentation. This report will review the status of the BTeV experiment, give an overview of the plans for and the state of the software and will then describe the plans for the tutorial suite.

  19. Tutorials in university students with a disability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joaquín Gairín Sallán

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available This article places an emphasis on the importance of tutorials for students with a disability in universities. It presented the most significant results of the study of tutorials carried out in help services, units or offices for students with a disability inmore than 45 Spanish universities, in relation to promotion, reception, completion and graduation. The contributions highlight the importance of organising a response through a Tutorial Action Plan made up of the stages of motivation and awareness-raisin, planning, execution, evaluation and institutionalisation. Among the principle conclusions, the importance of moving towards a truly inclusive university through tutorial activity is highlighted, thereby providing a guide for providing assistance to university students with a disability.

  20. PLANES DE ACCIÓN TUTORIAL

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Jorge Orós

    2014-01-01

    ... de Acción Tutorial que contribuyan a la mejora de los resultados académicos. Los Planes de Acción Tutorial, en su sentido más amplio, pueden incluir los siguientes aspectos: * Programa de captación de estudiantes Objetivo: incrementar la demanda de preinscripciones y en consecuencia, aumentar la nota mínima de ingreso. * Programa de acogida Objetivo: fac...

  1. Individual and Domain Adaptation in Sentence Planning for Dialogue

    CERN Document Server

    Mairesse, F; Stent, A; Walker, M A; 10.1613/jair.2329

    2011-01-01

    One of the biggest challenges in the development and deployment of spoken dialogue systems is the design of the spoken language generation module. This challenge arises from the need for the generator to adapt to many features of the dialogue domain, user population, and dialogue context. A promising approach is trainable generation, which uses general-purpose linguistic knowledge that is automatically adapted to the features of interest, such as the application domain, individual user, or user group. In this paper we present and evaluate a trainable sentence planner for providing restaurant information in the MATCH dialogue system. We show that trainable sentence planning can produce complex information presentations whose quality is comparable to the output of a template-based generator tuned to this domain. We also show that our method easily supports adapting the sentence planner to individuals, and that the individualized sentence planners generally perform better than models trained and tested on a popu...

  2. Theorizing plurivocal dialogue

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bager, Ann

    2014-01-01

    and organizational discourse studies. These perspectives are elaborated on and implemented to frame, discuss and criticize the methodological basis of a case study which the author helped to initiate: a plurivocal, participatory research- based leadership forum involving professional leaders, researchers...... as the theoretical basis for the analysis. The article discusses how the Bakhtinian conception of dialogue offers a particular way of framing power, participation, meaning-making, knowledge pro- duction, and identity work in relation to the leadership forum and collab- orative research processes in general......- sider the messiness and tensions immanent in (organizational) interaction and the co-authoring of knowledge. This approach carries great potential for challenging crystallized knowledge forms and taken-for-granted ways of doing things (dispositifs and authoritative discourses)....

  3. Towards a wider dialogue

    CERN Multimedia

    2012-01-01

    This week, I had the rewarding experience of taking part in a Wilton Park meeting examining three very different world-views: science, philosophy and theology. Wilton Park describes itself as a forum for analysing and advancing the agenda on global policy challenges, and over the years it has developed an enviable reputation for delivering authoritative reports drawn from bringing international experts together under the same roof for two days to discuss issues of topical relevance.   Participation is by invitation and there are no observers: everyone is there because they have something to bring to the discussion. Wilton Park reports always have their finger on the zeitgeist, appropriately, perhaps, for an institution born of Winston Churchill’s vision for reconciliation and dialogue in post-war Europe. When I learned that Wilton Park was running a series of meetings examining the role of religion in modern society, and that it was looking at the possibility of holding an event in...

  4. Dialogue, a critical space

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Pura Moreno Moreno

    2016-05-01

    The dialectic method explores two approaches enriched thanks to  otherness, to what the other person says. The dialogue, without apparent end, represents a way of invitation to understanding where the movement of ideas along the time favors the appropriate open space to generate a  theory that relativizes the polyphonic speeches.The critique always arises  from a question in the search of the objective thing, and therefore besides being based on solid arguments, must be dialectic. Any trial, in this  framework of doubt, it is susceptible to conflicting interpretations; therefore the formulation of a question demanding -thesis - waiting for a reply -  antithesis - is an appropriate procedure able to test any kind of truth.

  5. Formatting Design Dialogues

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brandt, Eva; Binder, Thomas; Messeter, Jörn

    2008-01-01

    in collaborative settings and finally we examine the board game as a particularly interesting game format. In the second part of the article we present and discuss two board games: the User Game and the Landscape Game. We show how these games respond to particular challenges, and how they have interesting......This article discusses design games as a particular genre for formatting design dialogues. In the first part of the article we review the participatory design literature for game-oriented framings of co-design. We look at what constitutes game and play, we discuss other authors’ use of games...... characteristics in being both ‘as-if’ worlds to explore and shared representations of what the players accomplish. In the last section of the article we discuss how new games may be designed and played and what makes a good design game....

  6. The Process, Dialogues, and Attitudes of Vocational Engineering High School Students in a Web Problem-Based Learning (WPBL) System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tseng, Kuo-Hung; Chang, Chi-Cheng; Lou, Shi-Jer

    2012-01-01

    This study aims to explore how high school students collaboratively solve problems in a web problem-based learning (WPBL) system in an 8-week digital logic course using discourse analysis. Employing in-depth interviews, this study also investigated the students' attitudes toward the WPBL system. The number of teaching assistants' responses had a…

  7. Interfaith dialogue as moral encounter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Galal, Lise Paulsen

    The concept of interfaith dialogue has been introduced and developed by scholars of different religions. The aim has been to find solutions from within religion to handle and optimise encounters with religious ‘Others’. Furthermore, interfaith dialogue has increasingly become a tool to solve...... problems of integration and geopolitical conflicts. Thus the focus has changed from religion as the solution to an ontologically given differentiation, to religion being the problem that must be transgressed in order to meet on equal terms. In this paper, I discuss the setup of interfaith dialogue meetings...

  8. Exploration and Practice of Talent Training Mode in Higher Vocational Colleges under Full Tutorial System:Taking School of Biological Engineering of Wuhan Polytechnic for Cases%全程导师制下的高职人才培养模式探索与实践--以武汉职业技术学院生物工程学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈洁; 卢洪胜

    2015-01-01

    高职院校实施“全程导师制”既是对传统“班建制”教育模式的有效补充,更是倡导个性教育,实现教学相长,真正贯彻“以人为本”教育理念和提高教育教学质量的有效措施。文章结合武汉职业技术学院生物工程学院试点的具体情况,分析了导师制的基本内涵、高职实施导师制的必要性,构建了“全程导师制”实施方案,以期推动该制度尽快建立,促进学生综合素质的培养,增强学生就业能力。%The implementation of "full tutorial system" of higher vocational colleges is not only the effective supplement of traditional"class system" education mode, but is effective measure to advocate personality education, benefit both teachers and students, and implement"people oriented" education concept and improve education and teaching quality. Combined with the specific situation of School of Biological Engineering of Wuhan Polytechnic, this paper analyzes the basic connotation of tutorial system, and the necessity of implementing the tutorial system, and constructs the implementation plan of"full tutorial system"in higher vocational coleges, hoping to promote the construction of the system as soon as possible, promote the training of students' comprehensive quality and enhance their employability.

  9. A Tutorial on Microwave Photonic Filters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capmany, José; Ortega, Beatriz; Pastor, Daniel

    2006-01-01

    Microwave photonic filters are photonic subsystems designed with the aim of carrying equivalent tasks to those of an ordinary microwave filter within a radio frequency (RF) system or link, bringing supplementary advantages inherent to photonics such as low loss, high bandwidth, immunity to electromagnetic interference (EMI), tunability, and reconfigurability. There is an increasing interest in this subject since, on one hand, emerging broadband wireless access networks and standards spanning from universal mobile telecommunications system (UMTS) to fixed access picocellular networks and including wireless local area network (WLAN), World Interoperability for Microwave Access, Inc. (WIMAX), local multipoint distribution service (LMDS), etc., require an increase in capacity by reducing the coverage area. An enabling technology to obtain this objective is based on radio-over-fiber (RoF) systems where signal processing is carried at a central office to where signals are carried from inexpensive remote antenna units (RAUs). On the other hand, microwave photonic filters can find applications in specialized fields such as radar and photonic beamsteering of phased-arrayed antennas, where dynamical reconfiguration is an added value. This paper provides a tutorial introduction of this subject to the reader not working directly in the field but interested in getting an overall introduction of the subject and also to the researcher wishing to get a comprehensive background before working on the subject.

  10. Recently Published Lectures and Tutorials for ATLAS

    CERN Multimedia

    Herr, J.

    2006-01-01

    As reported in the September 2004 ATLAS eNews, the Web Lecture Archive Project, WLAP, a collaboration between the University of Michigan and CERN, has developed a synchronized system for recording and publishing educational multimedia presentations, using the Web as medium. This year, the University of Michigan team has been asked to record and publish all ATLAS Plenary sessions, as well as a large number of Physics and Computing tutorials. A significant amount of this material has already been published and can be accessed via the links below. The WLAP model is spreading. This summer, the CERN's High School Teachers program has used WLAP's system to record several physics lectures directed toward a broad audience. And a new project called MScribe, which is essentially the WLAP system coupled with an infrared tracking camera, is being used by the University of Michigan to record several University courses this academic year. All lectures can be viewed on any major platform with any common internet browser...

  11. A 5' online tutorial about 'how to prepare for a 5' online tutorial'

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2016-01-01

    This 4' video summarises our experience from short online tutorial recordings for the last 6 months. It contains important points for speakers' preparation and things to observe during the online tutorial recordings. For more details, check out our e-learning twiki.

  12. Making generic tutorials content specific: recycling evidence-based practice (EBP) tutorials for two disciplines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeffery, Keven M; Maggio, Lauren; Blanchard, Mary

    2009-01-01

    Librarians at the Boston University Medical Center constructed two interactive online tutorials, "Introduction to EBM" and "Formulating a Clinical Question (PICO)," for a Family Medicine Clerkship and then quickly repurposed the existing tutorials to support an Evidence-based Dentistry course. Adobe's ColdFusion software was used to populate the tutorials with course-specific content based on the URL used to enter each tutorial, and a MySQL database was used to collect student input. Student responses were viewable immediately by course faculty on a password-protected Web site. The tutorials ensured that all students received the same baseline training and allowed librarians to tailor a subsequent library skills workshop to student tutorial answers. The tutorials were well-received by the medical and dental schools and have been added to mandatory first-year Evidence-based Medicine (EBM) and Evidence-based Dentistry (EBD) courses, meaning that every medical and dental student at BUMC will be expected to complete these tutorials.

  13. Topics and features of academic medical library tutorials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Rozalynd P; Wilson, Steven P; Yeh, Felicia; Phillips, Betty; Livingston, Mary Briget

    2008-01-01

    In a 2007 study, librarians at the University of South Carolina School of Medicine Library examined freely available online tutorials on academic medical library Web sites. The team identified tutorial topics, determined common design features, and assessed elements of active learning in library-created tutorials; the team also generated a list of third-party tutorials to which medical libraries link. This article updates the earlier study, describing changes and trends in tutorial content and design on medical libraries' Web sites; the project team plans to continue to track trends in tutorial development by repeating this study annually.

  14. Tutorial on Protein Ontology Resources.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arighi, Cecilia N; Drabkin, Harold; Christie, Karen R; Ross, Karen E; Natale, Darren A

    2017-01-01

    The Protein Ontology (PRO) is the reference ontology for proteins in the Open Biomedical Ontologies (OBO) foundry and consists of three sub-ontologies representing protein classes of homologous genes, proteoforms (e.g., splice isoforms, sequence variants, and post-translationally modified forms), and protein complexes. PRO defines classes of proteins and protein complexes, both species-specific and species nonspecific, and indicates their relationships in a hierarchical framework, supporting accurate protein annotation at the appropriate level of granularity, analyses of protein conservation across species, and semantic reasoning. In the first section of this chapter, we describe the PRO framework including categories of PRO terms and the relationship of PRO to other ontologies and protein resources. Next, we provide a tutorial about the PRO website ( proconsortium.org ) where users can browse and search the PRO hierarchy, view reports on individual PRO terms, and visualize relationships among PRO terms in a hierarchical table view, a multiple sequence alignment view, and a Cytoscape network view. Finally, we describe several examples illustrating the unique and rich information available in PRO.

  15. LITERATURE REVIEW ON SOCIAL DIALOGUE IN POLAND

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agnieszka Otreba

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The article depicts the most important aspects of social dialogue in Poland: definitions and dimensions of the term, basic research questions, dialogue partners and factors influencing the quality of social dialogue. The potential of subsequent research issues are advocated: institutionalized forms and bottom-up models of social dialogue, public policies aiming at enhancement of the analyzed process. Moreover, the social dialogue can be treated as a public policy itself.

  16. LITERATURE REVIEW ON SOCIAL DIALOGUE IN POLAND

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    The article depicts the most important aspects of social dialogue in Poland: definitions and dimensions of the term, basic research questions, dialogue partners and factors influencing the quality of social dialogue. The potential of subsequent research issues are advocated: institutionalized forms and bottom-up models of social dialogue, public policies aiming at enhancement of the analyzed process. Moreover, the social dialogue can be treated as a public policy itself.

  17. Parents Speak Out: A Dialogue

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Carolyn; And Others

    1974-01-01

    Three parents who met each other for the first time talk about their experiences with elementary school counselors. The dialogue emphasizes both the concerns and the positive impressions that parents have regarding the work of a counselor. (Author)

  18. Design and Usability Assessment of a Dialogue-Based Cognitive Tutoring System to Model Expert Problem Solving in Research Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hung, Wei-Chen; Smith, Thomas J.; Smith, M. Cecil

    2015-01-01

    Technology provides the means to create useful learning and practice environments for learners. Well-designed cognitive tutor systems, for example, can provide appropriate learning environments that feature cognitive supports (ie, scaffolding) for students to increase their procedural knowledge. The purpose of this study was to conduct a series of…

  19. Chatbot trained on movie dialogue

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    A chatbot is a computer program that engages in written or spoken conversation with a human user. This project aims to investigate the possibility of training a chatbot in using movie dialogue in generating the response. Movie dialogue can be found in both movie scripts as well as subtitles, though using subtitles is much easier as they follow a special formatting. Using one subtitle as a response to each word found in the preceding subtitle, the implemented chatbot links together subtitles. ...

  20. Dialogue is bliss (Italian original version

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giancarlo Sturloni

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available The practice of dialogue does not erase the conflicts that can be found upon solid diverging interests. But conflicts are not forcedly a trauma. More then an impossible abolition of diversity, it is important to promote a practice that helps everybody to express their own point of view looking for socially sustainable solution between the parts. But according to Sturloni, «Even in that case: not a dialogue meant to achieve a utopian unitary view able to level all divergences, but to allow the expression of different perspectives and of legitimate interests. The final aim should be to make a choice shared as much as possible within the legal system of a democratic country».

  1. Marine Vessel Models in Changing Operational Conditions - A Tutorial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Perez, Tristan; Sørensen, Asgeir; Blanke, Mogens

    2006-01-01

    conditions (VOC). However, since marine systems operate in changing VOCs, there is a need to adapt the models. To date, there is no theory available to describe a general model valid across different VOCs due to the complexity of the hydrodynamic involved. It is believed that system identification could......This tutorial paper provides an introduction, from a systems perspective, to the topic of ship motion dynamics of surface ships. It presents a classification of parametric models currently used for monitoring and control of marine vessels. These models are valid for certain vessel operational...

  2. Addressivity in cogenerative dialogues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsu, Pei-Ling

    2014-03-01

    Ashraf Shady's paper provides a first-hand reflection on how a foreign teacher used cogens as culturally adaptive pedagogy to address cultural misalignments with students. In this paper, Shady drew on several cogen sessions to showcase his journey of using different forms of cogens with his students. To improve the quality of cogens, one strategy he used was to adjust the number of participants in cogens. As a result, some cogens worked and others did not. During the course of reading his paper, I was impressed by his creative and flexible use of cogens and at the same time was intrigued by the question of why some cogens work and not others. In searching for an answer, I found that Mikhail Bakhtin's dialogism, especially the concept of addressivity, provides a comprehensive framework to address this question. In this commentary, I reanalyze the cogen episodes described in Shady's paper in the light of dialogism. My analysis suggests that addressivity plays an important role in mediating the success of cogens. Cogens with high addressivity function as internally persuasive discourse that allows diverse consciousnesses to coexist and so likely affords productive dialogues. The implications of addressivity in teaching and learning are further discussed.

  3. A new dialogue

    CERN Multimedia

    2009-01-01

    This is the first of a series of messages that I, or a member of my management team, will be writing for every printed issue of the Bulletin throughout my mandate. Over the coming months and years, I’m hoping to cover many subjects related to the life of CERN, from the science of the LHC to equal opportunities. However, if I’m to cover these things effectively and open up a dialogue with you, then efficient, open and direct communication with the broad CERN community is going to be essential. Therefore, I’ve chosen communication as my first topic. We need to develop the culture of communication at CERN. The Bulletin should be the place that you turn to for authoritative, timely and accurate information about the Organization. In addition, important news to be conveyed quickly should arrive in your e-mail box, on the CERN web pages, and be displayed on screens around the site. And if you have something to say, there should be a forum where your voice can be heard...

  4. Ambient ionization mass spectrometry: A tutorial

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huang, Min-Zong; Cheng, Sy-Chi; Cho, Yi-Tzu [Department of Chemistry, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan (China); Shiea, Jentaie, E-mail: jetea@fac.nsysu.edu.tw [Department of Chemistry, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan (China); Cancer Center, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan (China)

    2011-09-19

    Highlights: {yields} Ambient ionization technique allows the direct analysis of sample surfaces with little or no sample pretreatment. {yields} We sort ambient ionization techniques into three main analytical strategies, direct ionization, direct desorption/ionization, and two-step ionization. {yields} The underlying principles of operation, ionization processes, detecting mass ranges, sensitivity, and representative applications of these techniques are described and compared. - Abstract: Ambient ionization is a set of mass spectrometric ionization techniques performed under ambient conditions that allows the direct analysis of sample surfaces with little or no sample pretreatment. Using combinations of different types of sample introduction systems and ionization methods, several novel techniques have been developed over the last few years with many applications (e.g., food safety screening; detection of pharmaceuticals and drug abuse; monitoring of environmental pollutants; detection of explosives for antiterrorism and forensics; characterization of biological compounds for proteomics and metabolomics; molecular imaging analysis; and monitoring chemical and biochemical reactions). Electrospray ionization and atmospheric pressure chemical ionization are the two main ionization principles most commonly used in ambient ionization mass spectrometry. This tutorial paper provides a review of the publications related to ambient ionization techniques. We describe and compare the underlying principles of operation, ionization processes, detecting mass ranges, sensitivity, and representative applications of these techniques.

  5. Dual Tutorial System of Vocational Skills Training for Normal College Students of Preschool Major%双导师制对学前专业师范生职业技能的培养

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李西君

    2012-01-01

    师范生的职业技能水平会直接影响教育对象的成长发展。幼儿阶段是人一生的性格与智能的奠基阶段,良好的性格和智能结构的全面发展均将决定幼儿的未来。师范生职业技能是师范生职前教育不可忽视的能力成分,对它的培养会直接决定师范生的职业素养与就职能力,双导师制尝试对师范生职业技能培养作努力。%Normal students' vocational skill level will directly affect the growth and development of educational objects.The childhood stage is the foundation stage of a person's life personality and intelligence.Good character and all-round development of the intelligence structure will determine the future of young children.Normal students' vocational skills are the composition of competence that can not be ignored in pre-service education.Its culture will directly determine the occupation accomplishment and working ability of normal students.Dual tutorial system attempts to make efforts in skills development of normal students.

  6. GOCE User Toolbox and Tutorial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benveniste, Jérôme; Knudsen, Per

    2016-07-01

    The GOCE User Toolbox GUT is a compilation of tools for the utilisation and analysis of GOCE Level 2 products. GUT support applications in Geodesy, Oceanography and Solid Earth Physics. The GUT Tutorial provides information and guidance in how to use the toolbox for a variety of applications. GUT consists of a series of advanced computer routines that carry out the required computations. It may be used on Windows PCs, UNIX/Linux Workstations, and Mac. The toolbox is supported by The GUT Algorithm Description and User Guide and The GUT Install Guide. A set of a-priori data and models are made available as well. Without any doubt the development of the GOCE user toolbox have played a major role in paving the way to successful use of the GOCE data for oceanography. The GUT version 2.2 was released in April 2014 and beside some bug-fixes it adds the capability for the computation of Simple Bouguer Anomaly (Solid-Earth). During this fall a new GUT version 3 has been released. GUTv3 was further developed through a collaborative effort where the scientific communities participate aiming on an implementation of remaining functionalities facilitating a wider span of research in the fields of Geodesy, Oceanography and Solid earth studies. Accordingly, the GUT version 3 has: - An attractive and easy to use Graphic User Interface (GUI) for the toolbox, - Enhance the toolbox with some further software functionalities such as to facilitate the use of gradients, anisotropic diffusive filtering and computation of Bouguer and isostatic gravity anomalies. - An associated GUT VCM tool for analyzing the GOCE variance covariance matrices.

  7. Tutorial on Atomic Oxygen Effects and Contamination

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Sharon K.

    2017-01-01

    Atomic oxygen is the most predominant specie in low Earth orbit (LEO) and is contained in the upper atmosphere of many other planetary bodies. Formed by photo-dissociation of molecular oxygen, it is highly reactive and energetic enough to break chemical bonds on the surface of many materials and react with them to form either stable or volatile oxides. The extent of the damage for spacecraft depends a lot on how much atomic oxygen arrives at the surface, the energy of the atoms, and the reactivity of the material that is exposed to it. Oxide formation can result in shrinkage, cracking, or erosion which can also result in changes in optical, thermal, or mechanical properties of the materials exposed. The extent of the reaction can be affected by mechanical loading, temperature, and other environmental components such as ultraviolet radiation or charged particles. Atomic oxygen generally causes a surface reaction, but it can scatter under coatings and into crevices causing oxidation much farther into a spacecraft surface or structure than would be expected. Contamination can also affect system performance. Contamination is generally caused by arrival of volatile species that condense on spacecraft surfaces. The volatiles are typically a result of outgassing of materials that are on the spacecraft. Once the volatiles are condensed on a surface, they can then be fixed on the surface by ultraviolet radiation andor atomic oxygen reaction to form stable surface contaminants that can change optical and thermal properties of materials in power systems, thermal systems, and sensors. This tutorial discusses atomic oxygen erosion and contaminate formation, and the effect they have on typical spacecraft materials. Scattering of atomic oxygen, some effects of combined environments and examples of effects of atomic oxygen and contamination on spacecraft systems and components will also be presented.

  8. Video and HTML: Testing Online Tutorial Formats with Biology Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craig, Cindy L.; Friehs, Curt G.

    2013-01-01

    This study compared two common types of online information literacy tutorials: a streaming media tutorial using animation and narration and a text-based tutorial with static images. Nine sections of an undergraduate biology lab class (234 students total) were instructed by a librarian on how to use the BIOSIS Previews database. Three sections…

  9. Video and HTML: Testing Online Tutorial Formats with Biology Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craig, Cindy L.; Friehs, Curt G.

    2013-01-01

    This study compared two common types of online information literacy tutorials: a streaming media tutorial using animation and narration and a text-based tutorial with static images. Nine sections of an undergraduate biology lab class (234 students total) were instructed by a librarian on how to use the BIOSIS Previews database. Three sections…

  10. Progress Report--Microsoft Office 2003 Lynchburg College Tutorials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murray, Tom

    2004-01-01

    For the past several years Lynchburg College has developed Microsoft tutorials for use with academic classes and faculty, student and staff training. The tutorials are now used internationally. Last year Microsoft and Verizon sponsored a tutorial web site at http://www.officetutorials.com. This website recognizes ASCUE members for their wonderful…

  11. Analysis of Web-Based Tutorials Created by Academic Libraries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Somoza-Fernandez, Marta; Abadal, Ernest

    2009-01-01

    This paper aims to analyse the characteristics of tutorials created by academic libraries. It evaluates a sample of 180 tutorials by applying thirty basic indicators referring to general characteristics, content, teaching methodology, usability and technology. The general conclusion is that most of the tutorials are at an early stage of…

  12. PHI 200 ASH Course Tutorial/ Tutorialrank

    OpenAIRE

    john

    2015-01-01

    For more course tutorials visit www.tutorialrank.com Tutorial Purchased: 5 Times, Rating: A+   PHI 200 Week 2 DQ 1 Ethics and Relativism PHI 200 Week 2 DQ 2 Animal Rights PHI 200 Week 2 Written Assignment Assisted Suicide PHI 200 Week 3 DQ 1 The Limits of Skepticism PHI 200 Week 3 DQ 2 Creationism and Science PHI 200 Week 3 Written Assignment Final Paper (Death Penalty) PHI 200 Week 4 DQ 1 Proof of God's Existence PHI 200 Week 4 DQ 2 The Tu...

  13. Subtitled video tutorials, an accessible teaching material

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Bengochea

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The use of short-lived audio-visual tutorials constitutes an educational resource very attractive for young students, widely familiar with this type of format similar to YouTube clips. Considered as "learning pills", these tutorials are intended to strengthen the understanding of complex concepts that because their dynamic nature can’t be represented through texts or diagrams. However, the inclusion of this type of content in eLearning platforms presents accessibility problems for students with visual or hearing disabilities. This paper describes this problem and shows the way in which a teacher could add captions and subtitles to their videos.

  14. First year clinical tutorials: students’ learning experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burgess A

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Annette Burgess,1 Kim Oates,2 Kerry Goulston,2 Craig Mellis1 1Central Clinical School, Sydney Medical School, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia; 2Sydney Medical School, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia Background: Bedside teaching lies at the heart of medical education. The learning environment afforded to students during clinical tutorials contributes substantially to their knowledge, thinking, and learning. Situated cognition theory posits that the depth and breadth of the students' learning experience is dependent upon the attitude of the clinical teacher, the structure of the tutorial, and the understanding of tutorial and learning objectives. This theory provides a useful framework to conceptualize how students' experience within their clinical tutorials impacts their knowledge, thinking, and learning. Methods: The study was conducted with one cohort (n=301 of students who had completed year 1 of the medical program at Sydney Medical School in 2013. All students were asked to complete a three-part questionnaire regarding their perceptions of their clinical tutor's attributes, the consistency of the tutor, and the best features of the tutorials and need for improvement. Both quantitative and qualitative data were collected and analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results: The response rate to the questionnaire was 88% (265/301. Students perceived that their tutors displayed good communication skills and enthusiasm, encouraged their learning, and were empathetic toward patients. Fifty-two percent of students reported having the same communications tutor for the entire year, and 28% reported having the same physical examination tutor for the entire year. Students would like increased patient contact, greater structure within their tutorials, and greater alignment of teaching with the curriculum. Conclusion: Situated cognition theory provides a valuable lens to view students' experience of learning within the

  15. Rapidly Customizable Spoken Dialogue Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-28

    International Workshop on Sharable Natural Language Resources, Nara. Dan Melamed and Philip Resnik 2000. Tagger Evaluation Given Hierarchical Tag Sets...Computers and the Humanities 34(1-2). George Miller. 1995. Wordnet: A lexical database for English. Comm. ACM 38(5). Philip Resnik and David Yarowsky

  16. University tutorials in the setting of the European Higher Education Area: current profiles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina FERNÁNDEZ-SALINERO MIGUEL

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available In the new setting promoted by the European Higher Education Area, university guidance and tutorials have become more important than ever. We understand tutorials as part of the teaching responsibility in which a more personal interaction between professor and student, professor and novice teacher, or student and student is established, and whose goal is to guide learning according to the individual characteristics and learning styles of the individuals involved. Now is the time to set up guidance and tutorials systems for students –both during the training process and in their first professional steps– and for novice teachers also. Among such systems we can mention professor coaching, peer mentoring, professional tutoring in training centres or mentoring of an experienced university professor on the novice teacher.

  17. The "Magic" of Tutorial Centres in Hong Kong: An Analysis of Media Marketing and Pedagogy in a Tutorial Centre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koh, Aaron

    2014-01-01

    Why do more than three-quarters of Hong Kong's senior secondary students flock to tutorial centres like moths to light? What is the "magic" that is driving the popularity of the tutorial centre enterprise? Indeed, looking at the ongoing boom of tutorial centres in Hong Kong (there are almost 1,000 of them), it is difficult not to ask…

  18. Discourse Processing of Dialogues with Multiple Threads

    CERN Document Server

    Rose', C P; Levin, L S; Van Ess-Dykema, C; Rose', Carolyn Penstein; Eugenio, Barbara Di; Levin, Lori S.; Ess-Dykema, Carol Van

    1995-01-01

    In this paper we will present our ongoing work on a plan-based discourse processor developed in the context of the Enthusiast Spanish to English translation system as part of the JANUS multi-lingual speech-to-speech translation system. We will demonstrate that theories of discourse which postulate a strict tree structure of discourse on either the intentional or attentional level are not totally adequate for handling spontaneous dialogues. We will present our extension to this approach along with its implementation in our plan-based discourse processor. We will demonstrate that the implementation of our approach outperforms an implementation based on the strict tree structure approach.

  19. Multi-stakeholder Virtual Dialogue

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kornum, Niels; Mühlbacher, Hans

    2013-01-01

    This article introduces the special issue on multi-stakeholder virtual dialogue. Research as well as managerial practice in marketing has traditionally focused on single stakeholders and a one-way communication perspective. This special issue takes a novel approach by directing attention to the s......This article introduces the special issue on multi-stakeholder virtual dialogue. Research as well as managerial practice in marketing has traditionally focused on single stakeholders and a one-way communication perspective. This special issue takes a novel approach by directing attention...... success. While marketing literature increasingly recognizes that divers stakeholders have an impact on a company''s success, little is known about how virtual multi-stakeholder dialogue changes marketing research and management. This special issue provides insights on what roles stakeholders may play...... with what impact in virtual company-related interaction. The introductory article reviews seven articles and discusses their contributions to stakeholder marketing and virtual stakeholder interaction....

  20. Midwifery and dialogue in organizations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristiansen, Marianne; Block Poulsen, Jørgen

    the process. That goes for the understanding of dialogue as sharing, daring and caring; for dialogic competencies as, e.g., confirmation and meta-communication; and for generatively facilitated conversations as midwifery. The methodology is accordingly characterized as emergent, mutual involvement. The book...... is a dialogue between theory and praxis, too. It integrates research, action, and training as well as theories of interpersonal and organizational communication, Roger's humanistic psychology, Gadamer's philosophical hermeneutics, and Buber's philosophy of dialogue. The empirical material consists...... of approximately 50 colleague supervision or midwifery conversations and group-feedback sessions; and of 24 staff appraisal interviews or development conversations, which we followed on a monitor in an adjoining room. After each of these conversations, a feedback session was held. In the book you will find...

  1. 体育教育专业本科生导师制下的新型师生关系研究%On the new teacher-student relationship of tutorial system in physical education major

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王绍军

    2015-01-01

    based on the Habermas's theory of communicative action theory and philosophy of Martin Buber dialog to study,this article detailed the new teach-er-student relationship of tutorial system in physical education major. And then pointed out that the ways of constructing new teacher-student relationship under the tutor system for physical education , final y proposed countermeasures and suggestion on construction the new relationship.%本文以哈贝马斯的交往行动哲学理论和马丁·布伯的对话理论为研究基础,详细阐述了体育教育专业本科生导师制下的新型师生关系的内涵,进而指出建构体育教育专业导师制下新型师生关系途径,最后提出构建这种新型师生关系的对策与建议。研究结果指出,规范指导教师遴选工作,不断提高指导教师队伍的整体素质。在导师遴选过程中,要坚持标准,特别要考察教师教书育人和身心健康状况。要定期对导师进行培训,加强日常考核,要加强对新增导师的培训,使其熟悉教育基本规律和基本制度。

  2. How Do Gut Feelings Feature in Tutorial Dialogues on Diagnostic Reasoning in GP Traineeship?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stolper, C. F.; Van de Wiel, M. W. J.; Hendriks, R. H. M.; Van Royen, P.; Van Bokhoven, M. A.; Van der Weijden, T.; Dinant, G. J.

    2015-01-01

    Diagnostic reasoning is considered to be based on the interaction between analytical and non-analytical cognitive processes. Gut feelings, a specific form of non-analytical reasoning, play a substantial role in diagnostic reasoning by general practitioners (GPs) and may activate analytical reasoning. In GP traineeships in the Netherlands, trainees…

  3. A tutorial on queuing and trunking with applications to communications

    CERN Document Server

    Tranter, William H

    2012-01-01

    The motivation for developing this synthesis lecture was to provide a tutorial on queuing and trunking, with extensions to networks of queues, suitable for supplementing courses in communications, stochastic processes, and networking. An essential component of this lecture is MATLAB-based demonstrations and exercises, which can be easily modified to enable the student to observe and evaluate the impact of changing parameters, arrival and departure statistics, queuing disciplines, the number of servers, and other important aspects of the underlying system model. Much of the work in this lecture

  4. Handling emotions in human-computer dialogues

    CERN Document Server

    Pittermann, Johannes; Minker, Wolfgang

    2010-01-01

    This book presents novel methods to perform robust speech-based emotion recognition at low complexity. It describes a flexible dialogue model to conveniently integrate emotions and other dialogue-influencing parameters in human-computer interaction.

  5. Becoming a person of dialogue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Williams Stacy A. S.

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available It is imperative that Social Sciences examine in depth the underlying issues in human relations that have contributed to divisions among persons, within families, institutions, between nations and religions. If we accept that dialogue is the main currency of statecraft, diplomacy, negotiation, mediation and peacebuilding (Rieker and Turn 2015, then we need to ask ourselves, what are the characteristics of a person capable of engaging in dialogue? Are they characteristics that can be taught? Are they characteristics that make us human?

  6. Online Bioinformatics Tutorials | Office of Cancer Genomics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bioinformatics is a scientific discipline that applies computer science and information technology to help understand biological processes. The NIH provides a list of free online bioinformatics tutorials, either generated by the NIH Library or other institutes, which includes introductory lectures and "how to" videos on using various tools.

  7. Professionalizing tutors and tutorials in higher education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Colunga, Silvia

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyzes the necessity of professionalizing training of university teachers performing tutorial activities in higher education as a response to the demands of pupils following a part-time model. Permanent training of tutor is emphasized as a way to enhance professional and personal accomplishments. This training gives priority to educative orientation and interventional actions.

  8. Information Hiding Techniques: A Tutorial Review

    CERN Document Server

    Thampi, Sabu M

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this tutorial is to present an overview of various information hiding techniques. A brief history of steganography is provided along with techniques that were used to hide information. Text, image and audio based information hiding techniques are discussed. This paper also provides a basic introduction to digital watermarking.

  9. Migrant Education Tutorial Aide Training Manual.

    Science.gov (United States)

    California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento. Bureau of Community Services and Migrant Education.

    Designed by California's Region II Office of Migrant Education to aid in training teacher aides working with migrant children, this manual outlines activities used in teaching by the aides. Each activity is described in terms of the concept to be taught, the tutorial skill required, standard instructional media, rationale for the media, expected…

  10. Action perception and imitation : a tutorial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bekkering, H; Wohlschlager, A; Prinz, W; Hommel, B

    2002-01-01

    Currently, imitation, or performing an act after perceiving it, is in the focus of attention of researchers from many different disciplines. Although this tutorial attempts to provide some interdisciplinary background, it will concentrate on possible cognitive mechanisms that underlie imitation perf

  11. Screencast Tutorials Enhance Student Learning of Statistics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lloyd, Steven A.; Robertson, Chuck L.

    2012-01-01

    Although the use of computer-assisted instruction has rapidly increased, there is little empirical research evaluating these technologies, specifically within the context of teaching statistics. The authors assessed the effect of screencast tutorials on learning outcomes, including statistical knowledge, application, and interpretation. Students…

  12. Audi-Tutorial Instruction in Basic Business

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Richard D.

    1974-01-01

    Results of a study in which audio-tutorial instruction was compared to illustrated lecture instruction are reported. No great differences in achievement levels in the two strategies of instruction were found. The development of such an alternative teaching strategy forces better teacher organization, leading to improvement of the illustrated…

  13. Audi-Tutorial Instruction in Basic Business

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Richard D.

    1974-01-01

    Results of a study in which audio-tutorial instruction was compared to illustrated lecture instruction are reported. No great differences in achievement levels in the two strategies of instruction were found. The development of such an alternative teaching strategy forces better teacher organization, leading to improvement of the illustrated…

  14. Statistical Analysis of Random Simulations : Bootstrap Tutorial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Deflandre, D.; Kleijnen, J.P.C.

    2002-01-01

    The bootstrap is a simple but versatile technique for the statistical analysis of random simulations.This tutorial explains the basics of that technique, and applies it to the well-known M/M/1 queuing simulation.In that numerical example, different responses are studied.For some responses, bootstrap

  15. Relevant Research on Audio-Tutorial Methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novak, Joseph D.

    1970-01-01

    Reviews two aspects of research related to audio-tutorial instructional methods. First, the learning theory of David P. Ausebel is summarized and applied to instructional procedures. Secondly, learning time for attainment of concept and knowledge levels is discussed. Concludes that studies are needed on designs based on Ausebel's theory,…

  16. TUTORIALS AS A STRATEGY TO STRENGTHEN THE UPPER LEVEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Antonio Romero-Leyva

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In the University context tutorials are displayed as a strategy for improving the quality of higher education, therefore the Universidad de Occidente in its educational model has incorporated this program; on the basis of the above it is interesting to perform an analysis and proposal to improve the institutional program of mentoring (PIT of the U de O, El Fuerte unit. The objective of this research was an analysis of the institutional program of tutoring from the Universidad de Occidente, El Fuerte unit and propose suggestions for improvements. The deductive-inductive method was used, non-probability sampling, with a representative sample of 10% of the universe, the techniques applied the questionnaire and the interview. The sources consulted were; personal, institutional, electronic sources and documentary Among the outstanding results include that it is essential that the IES put in place tutorial systems through which students have to throughout their training with the advice and support of a teacher properly prepared, the way how they are implemented is commitment of each institution, in El Fuerte Unit is necessary training quarterly to the body of tutors, have comfortable spaces for the tutorial process, the administrative authorities require compliance with the listing because it allows the tutor to better control and management problems of their tutees, having the program strategies to rescue students who for various reasons leave the classrooms of the University; this program being a tool to comply with Tutoring System, thereby obtaining increased rates and terminal efficiency and comply graduate profile al. As tutors we need to reflect critically on our personal and professional performance when interacting with tutees, to promote change and the process of development of human potential performance.

  17. AAPM/RSNA physics tutorial for residents: physics of flat-panel fluoroscopy systems: Survey of modern fluoroscopy imaging: flat-panel detectors versus image intensifiers and more.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nickoloff, Edward Lee

    2011-01-01

    This article reviews the design and operation of both flat-panel detector (FPD) and image intensifier fluoroscopy systems. The different components of each imaging chain and their functions are explained and compared. FPD systems have multiple advantages such as a smaller size, extended dynamic range, no spatial distortion, and greater stability. However, FPD systems typically have the same spatial resolution for all fields of view (FOVs) and are prone to ghosting. Image intensifier systems have better spatial resolution with the use of smaller FOVs (magnification modes) and tend to be less expensive. However, the spatial resolution of image intensifier systems is limited by the television system to which they are coupled. Moreover, image intensifier systems are degraded by glare, vignetting, spatial distortions, and defocusing effects. FPD systems do not have these problems. Some recent innovations to fluoroscopy systems include automated filtration, pulsed fluoroscopy, automatic positioning, dose-area product meters, and improved automatic dose rate control programs. Operator-selectable features may affect both the patient radiation dose and image quality; these selectable features include dose level setting, the FOV employed, fluoroscopic pulse rates, geometric factors, display software settings, and methods to reduce the imaging time.

  18. Man-machine dialogue design and challenges

    CERN Document Server

    Landragin, Frederic

    2013-01-01

    This book summarizes the main problems posed by the design of a man-machine dialogue system and offers ideas on how to continue along the path towards efficient, realistic and fluid communication between humans and machines. A culmination of ten years of research, it is based on the author's development, investigation and experimentation covering a multitude of fields, including artificial intelligence, automated language processing, man-machine interfaces and notably multimodal or multimedia interfaces. Contents Part 1. Historical and Methodological Landmarks 1. An Assessment of the Evolution

  19. Dialogues in the COOL Project

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stalpers, S.I.P.; Kroeze, C.

    2013-01-01

    The Climate Options for the Long-term (COOL) Project is a participatory integrated assessment (PIA) comprising extensive dialogues at three levels: national, European and global. The objective of the COOL Project was to ‘develop strategic notions on how to achieve drastic reductions of greenhouse ga

  20. The Play of Socratic Dialogue

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Richard

    2011-01-01

    Proponents of philosophy for children generally see themselves as heirs to the "Socratic" tradition. They often claim too that children's aptitude for play leads them naturally to play with abstract, philosophical ideas. However in Plato's dialogues we find in the mouth of "Socrates" many warnings against philosophising with the young. Those…

  1. Speech Dialogue with Facial Displays Multimodal Human-Computer Conversation

    CERN Document Server

    Nagao, K; Nagao, Katashi; Takeuchi, Akikazu

    1994-01-01

    Human face-to-face conversation is an ideal model for human-computer dialogue. One of the major features of face-to-face communication is its multiplicity of communication channels that act on multiple modalities. To realize a natural multimodal dialogue, it is necessary to study how humans perceive information and determine the information to which humans are sensitive. A face is an independent communication channel that conveys emotional and conversational signals, encoded as facial expressions. We have developed an experimental system that integrates speech dialogue and facial animation, to investigate the effect of introducing communicative facial expressions as a new modality in human-computer conversation. Our experiments have shown that facial expressions are helpful, especially upon first contact with the system. We have also discovered that featuring facial expressions at an early stage improves subsequent interaction.

  2. Persuasive Dialogue Based on a Narrative Theory: An ECA Implementation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavazza, Marc; Smith, Cameron; Charlton, Daniel; Crook, Nigel; Boye, Johan; Pulman, Stephen; Moilanen, Karo; Pizzi, David; de La Camara, Raul Santos; Turunen, Markku

    Embodied Conversational Agents (ECA) are poised to constitute a specific category within persuasive systems, in particular through their ability to support affective dialogue. One possible approach consists in using ECA as virtual coaches or personal assistants and to make persuasion part of a dialogue game implementing specific argumentation or negotiation features. In this paper, we explore an alternative framework, which emerges from the long-term development of ECA as "Companions" supporting free conversation with the user, rather than task-oriented dialogue. Our system aims at influencing user attitudes as part of free conversation, albeit on a limited set of topics. We describe the implementation of a Companion ECA to which the user reports on his working day, and which can assess the user's emotional attitude towards daily events in the office, trying to influence such attitude using affective strategies derived from a narrative model. This discussion is illustrated through examples from a first fully-implemented prototype.

  3. A tutorial on time-evolving dynamical Bayesian inference

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stankovski, Tomislav; Duggento, Andrea; McClintock, Peter V. E.; Stefanovska, Aneta

    2014-12-01

    In view of the current availability and variety of measured data, there is an increasing demand for powerful signal processing tools that can cope successfully with the associated problems that often arise when data are being analysed. In practice many of the data-generating systems are not only time-variable, but also influenced by neighbouring systems and subject to random fluctuations (noise) from their environments. To encompass problems of this kind, we present a tutorial about the dynamical Bayesian inference of time-evolving coupled systems in the presence of noise. It includes the necessary theoretical description and the algorithms for its implementation. For general programming purposes, a pseudocode description is also given. Examples based on coupled phase and limit-cycle oscillators illustrate the salient features of phase dynamics inference. State domain inference is illustrated with an example of coupled chaotic oscillators. The applicability of the latter example to secure communications based on the modulation of coupling functions is outlined. MatLab codes for implementation of the method, as well as for the explicit examples, accompany the tutorial.

  4. Reciprocal Dialogue between Educational Decision Makers and Students of Color: Opportunities and Obstacles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertrand, Melanie

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: This article explores the possibilities for reciprocal dialogue between educational decision makers and Students of Color. Such dialogue--defined as interactions in which participants build on each other's words--may provide the means to develop creative ways to address manifestations of systemic racism in education. The article uses…

  5. Peer discussions in lecture-based tutorials in introductory physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leinonen, Risto; Asikainen, Mervi A.; Hirvonen, Pekka E.

    2017-06-01

    This study analyzes the types of peer discussion that occur during lecture-based tutorial sessions. It focuses in particular on whether discussions of this kind have certain characteristics that might indicate success in the post-testing phase. The data were collected during an introductory physics course. The main data set was gathered with the aid of audio recordings. Data-driven content analysis was applied in the analysis to facilitate the placement of students' discussions in particular categories related to different types of discussions. Four major discussion types were found: discussions related to the content knowledge, metalevel discussions including metaconceptual and metacognitive elements, discussions related to practical issues, and creating a base for discussion, seen here in the order of their prevalence. These categories were found to possess individual substructures that involved, for example, asking and answering questions, participating in a dialogue, or disagreeing with a peer. Analyzing the substructures of the categories revealed that there were evident differences between the groups, some of them related to the group size. With regard to the characteristics of discussions considered to be connected to a better learning outcome, it was observed that a great number of lines uttered related to the physics content or metalevel discussions seemed to have a direct bearing on success in the post test at the group level. For individual students, answering content-related questions posed by their peers might also indicate success in the post test. We would encourage researchers to continue this type of research in order to discover the essential characteristics of students' discussions that facilitate learning.

  6. A Lightweight Story-Comprehension Approach to Game Dialogue

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    van Leeuwen, Robert P.; Cheong, Yun-Gyung; Nelson, Mark Jason

    2013-01-01

    In this paper we describe Answery, a rule-based system that allows authors to specify game characters' background stories in natural language. The system parses these background stories, applies transfor- mation rules to turn them into semantic content, and generates dialogue during gameplay...

  7. Collaboration and dialogue in Virtual reality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Camilla Gyldendahl

    2017-01-01

    “Virtual reality” adds a new dimension to constructivist problem-based learning (PBL) environments in the architectural and building construction educations, where a realistic and lifelike presence in a building enables students to assess and discuss how the various solutions interact with each...... other. Combined with “Building Information Models” (BIM), “Virtual Reality” provides an entirely new opportunity to innovate and optimize the architecture and construction in its early stages, which creates and iterative learning process. There are several studies where virtual simulation tools based...... on predefined tutorials are tested for their ability to facilitate collaborative processes. This study addresses the problem from a new angle by the virtual universe created through the students' own iterative design of a building. The “Virtual reality” system's narrative tale arises spontaneously through...

  8. Social Responsibility and Community Development: Lessons from the Sistema de Aprendizaje Tutorial in Honduras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Honeyman, Catherine A.

    2010-01-01

    This article extends understanding of the connections between education, social capital, and development through a mixed-methods case study of the Sistema de Aprendizaje Tutorial, or SAT, an innovative secondary-level education system. The quantitative dimension of the research used survey measures of social responsibility to compare 93 SAT…

  9. Audio-Tutorial Minicourses for College Algebra and Trigonometry: A Progress Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Svoboda, Rudy G.

    Preliminary results are reported for courses in college algebra and trigonometry based on the Postlethwait audio-tutorial minicourse system which were developed at Indiana University-Purdue University at Fort Wayne (IPFW). Two IPFW faculty members, two secondary teachers, and two undergraduate mathematics majors formed a minicourse project team…

  10. Social Responsibility and Community Development: Lessons from the Sistema de Aprendizaje Tutorial in Honduras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Honeyman, Catherine A.

    2010-01-01

    This article extends understanding of the connections between education, social capital, and development through a mixed-methods case study of the Sistema de Aprendizaje Tutorial, or SAT, an innovative secondary-level education system. The quantitative dimension of the research used survey measures of social responsibility to compare 93 SAT…

  11. Pharmacotherapy and Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Tutorial for Speech-Language Pathologists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Self, Trisha L.; Hale, LaDonna S.; Crumrine, Daiquirie

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this tutorial is to provide speech-language pathologists (SLPs) with general information regarding the most commonly prescribed medications for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD; e.g., central nervous system stimulants, noradrenergic reuptake inhibitors, alpha-2 adrenergic agonists, antipsychotics,…

  12. A case study of epistemic order in mathematics classroom dialogue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kenneth Ruthven

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available We define epistemic order as the way in which the exchange and development of knowledge takes place in the classroom, breaking this down into a system of three components: epistemic initiative relating to who sets the agenda in classroom dialogue, and how; epistemic appraisal relating to who judges contributions to classroom dialogue, and how; and epistemic framing relating to the terms in which development and exchange of knowledge are represented, particularly in reflexive talk. These components are operationalised in terms of various types of structural and semantic analysis of dialogue. It is shown that a lesson segment displays a multi-layered epistemic order differing from that of conventional classroom recitation.

  13. Learning Content Selection Rules for Generating Object Descriptions in Dialogue

    CERN Document Server

    Jordan, P W; 10.1613/jair.1591

    2011-01-01

    A fundamental requirement of any task-oriented dialogue system is the ability to generate object descriptions that refer to objects in the task domain. The subproblem of content selection for object descriptions in task-oriented dialogue has been the focus of much previous work and a large number of models have been proposed. In this paper, we use the annotated COCONUT corpus of task-oriented design dialogues to develop feature sets based on Dale and Reiters (1995) incremental model, Brennan and Clarks (1996) conceptual pact model, and Jordans (2000b) intentional influences model, and use these feature sets in a machine learning experiment to automatically learn a model of content selection for object descriptions. Since Dale and Reiters model requires a representation of discourse structure, the corpus annotations are used to derive a representation based on Grosz and Sidners (1986) theory of the intentional structure of discourse, as well as two very simple representations of discourse structure based purel...

  14. Computing Dialogue Acts from Features with Transformation-Based Learning

    CERN Document Server

    Samuel, K B; Vijay-Shanker, K; Samuel, Ken; Carberry, Sandra

    1998-01-01

    To interpret natural language at the discourse level, it is very useful to accurately recognize dialogue acts, such as SUGGEST, in identifying speaker intentions. Our research explores the utility of a machine learning method called Transformation-Based Learning (TBL) in computing dialogue acts, because TBL has a number of advantages over alternative approaches for this application. We have identified some extensions to TBL that are necessary in order to address the limitations of the original algorithm and the particular demands of discourse processing. We use a Monte Carlo strategy to increase the applicability of the TBL method, and we select features of utterances that can be used as input to improve the performance of TBL. Our system is currently being tested on the VerbMobil corpora of spoken dialogues, producing promising preliminary results.

  15. Tutorials in endovascular neurosurgery and interventional neuroradiology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Byrne, James Vincent [Univ. of Oxford, Oxford (United Kingdom). Dept. of Neuroradiology

    2012-07-01

    This book aims to provide the trainee and practicing minimally invasive neurological therapist with a comprehensive understanding of the background science and theory that forms the foundation of their work. The contents are based on the tutorial teaching techniques used at the University of Oxford and are authored by the MSc Course Director. The tutorial is a learning episode focussed on a particular topic and intended to guide the student/reader through the background literature, to highlight the research on which standard practices are based and to provide the insights of an experienced practitioner. Each chapter of the book covers a different topic to build a complete review of the subspecialty, with in-depth discussion of all currently used techniques. The literature is reviewed and presented in context to illustrate its importance to the practice of this rapidly expanding field of medical treatment.

  16. "Accelerators and beams," a multimedia tutorial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silbar, Richard R.

    1997-02-01

    We are developing a computer-based tutorial for charged-particle beam optics under a grant from the DOE. This subject is important to the DOE not only for its use in providing basic research tools but because the physics is the underpinning for accelerators used in industry and medicine. The tutorial, which will be delivered on Macintosh and Windows platforms, uses multimedia techniques to enhance the student's rate of learning and length of retention of the material. As such, it integrates our interactive On-Screen Laboratories™ with hypertext, line drawings, photographs, animation, video, and sound. We are targeting an audience from technicians to graduate students in science and engineering. At this time we have about a fourth of the material (about equivalent to a one-semester three-credit-hour upper under-graduate physics course) available in prototype form.

  17. A Hypertext tutorial for teaching cephalometrics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, R D; Weekrakone, S; Rock, W P

    1997-11-01

    Hypertext is a non-linear method of text presentation. It necessitates the use of a computer to store data as a series of nodes that can be called up in any desired sequence and, as such, is a new form of discovery-based learning. This paper describes a Hypertext tutorial in cephalometrics and its subsequent testing on first-year clinical dental students. Students were divided into two groups: the first received a conventional lecture; the second used the Hypertext tutorial. Testing was by means of conventional multiple choice questions. The results showed that there was no statistically significant difference between the two groups, although the computer tutor was shown more consistently to improve the knowledge of the students than did the conventional lecture. Most students who used the computer program found it enjoyable, but time consuming; less than half found it easy to follow.

  18. MacSelfService online tutorial

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2016-01-01

    Mac Self-Service is a functionality within the Mac Desktop Service built and maintained to empower CERN users by giving them easy access to applications and configurations through the Self-Service application. This tutorial (text attached to the event page) explains how to install Mac Self-Service and how to use it to install applications and printers. Content owner: Vincent Nicolas Bippus Presenter: Pedro Augusto de Freitas Batista Tell us what you think via e-learning.support at cern.ch More tutorials in the e-learning collection of the CERN Document Server (CDS) https://cds.cern.ch/collection/E-learning%20modules?ln=en All info about the CERN rapid e-learning project is linked from http://twiki.cern.ch/ELearning  

  19. ReSTful OSGi Web Applications Tutorial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shams, Khawaja; Norris, Jeff

    2008-01-01

    This slide presentation accompanies a tutorial on the ReSTful (Representational State Transfer) web application. Using Open Services Gateway Initiative (OSGi), ReST uses HTTP protocol to enable developers to offer services to a diverse variety of clients: from shell scripts to sophisticated Java application suites. It also uses Eclipse for the rapid development, the Eclipse debugger, the test application, and the ease of export to production servers.

  20. ESE 631 ASH COURSE Tutorial/UOPHELP

    OpenAIRE

    sdzfghj

    2015-01-01

    For more course tutorials visit www.uophelp.com   ESE 631 Complete Class, New Syllabus Business - General Business LRE and FAPE. Please read the article “Least Restrictive Environment: How Do We Prepare Both Our Special Educators and Our General Educators to Comply with the Provision?” (Keuhne, 1998). According to IDEA, what do the terms Least Restrictive Environment (LRE) and Free and Appropriate Public Education (FAPE) mean? How does inclusion fi...

  1. Interactive learning tutorials on quantum mechanics

    CERN Document Server

    Singh, Chandralekha

    2016-01-01

    We discuss the development and evaluation of quantum interactive learning tutorials (QuILTs) which are suitable for undergraduate courses in quantum mechanics. QuILTs are based on the investigation of student difficulties in learning quantum physics. They exploit computer-based visualization tools and help students build links between the formal and conceptual aspects of quantum physics without compromising the technical content. They can be used both as supplements to lectures or as a self-study tool.

  2. Thermophysics Universal Research Framework (TURF) Tutorial Package

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-03-02

    DATES COVERED (From - To) 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Thermophysics Universal Research Framework (TURF) Tutorial Package 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER In...Standard Form 298 (Rev. 8-98) Prescribed by ANSI Std. 239.18 THERMOPHYSICS UNIVERSAL RESEARCH FRAMEWORK – INFRASTRUCTURE RELEASE – (TURF-IR V1.0...a C-R physics module), there are no hooks to indicate that a particular module is missing. In this way, reverse engineering the functionality of a

  3. abs417ashcoursesTutorial /uophelp

    OpenAIRE

    smith

    2015-01-01

    For more course tutorials visit www.uophelp.com     ABS 417 Week 1 DQ 1 ( The Power of Many )    ABS 417 Week 1 DQ 2 ( Social Change Model )    ABS 417 Week 2 DQ 1 ( Empowerment, Disempowerment and Social Change )   ABS 417 Week 2 DQ 2 ( Non-Profit vs. For-Profit Organizations )    ABS 417 Week 2 Assignment ( Reflection Paper )    ABS 417 Week 3 DQ 1 ( Social Problems )  &nb...

  4. ACC 220 Tutorials / acc220dotcom

    OpenAIRE

    modumteja

    2015-01-01

    For more course tutorials visit www.acc220.com   ACC 220 Week 1 Checkpoint Career Opportunities ACC 220 Week 1 DQ 1 & DQ 2 ACC 220 Week 2 Checkpoint Proprietorships, Partnerships, and Corporations ACC 220 Week 2 Assignment Financial Statements ACC 220 Week 3 Checkpoint Classified Balance Sheets ACC 220 Week 3 DQ 1 and DQ 2 ACC 220 Week 4 Checkpoint Cash Management Matrix Appendix B ACC 220 Week 4 Assignment Internal Cash Control ACC 220 Wee...

  5. EDU 626 ASH COURSE Tutorial/UOPHELP

    OpenAIRE

    dsftr

    2015-01-01

    For more course tutorials visit www.uophelp.com   EDU 626 Complete Class, New Coursework Business - General Business Week 1 Brainstorm. Brainstorm potential educational research topics that are of interest to you. What is a topic that will motivate you to want to explore it further? Try to focus in as much as possible. For example, if you are interested in education for gifted children, you may want to focus on the advantages/disadvantages of homogeneous grouping ...

  6. Figure analysis: An implementation dialogue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiles, Amy M

    2016-07-01

    Figure analysis is a novel active learning teaching technique that reinforces visual literacy. Small groups of students discuss diagrams in class in order to learn content. The instructor then gives a brief introduction and later summarizes the content of the figure. This teaching technique can be used in place of lecture as a mechanism to deliver information to students. Here, a "how to" guide is presented in the form of an in-class dialogue, displaying the difficulties in visual interpretation that some students may experience while figure analysis is being implemented in an upper-level, cell biology course. Additionally, the dialogue serves as a guide for instructors who may implement the active learning technique as they consider how to respond to students' concerns in class. © 2016 by The International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 44(4):345-348, 2016.

  7. Workplace aggression: beginning a dialogue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLemore, Monica R

    2006-08-01

    The June 2005 Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing editorial titled "Communication: Whose Problem Is It?" (Griffin-Sobel, 2005) was written to begin a dialogue about a phenomenon frequently experienced yet rarely discussed: workplace aggression, also known as disruptive behavior. Prompted by a groundbreaking study published in the American Journal of Nursing by Rosenstein and O'Daniel (2005), the editorial challenged oncology nurses to begin to fix problems of communication. After reflecting on both of the articles and considering my own experience as a nurse manager, clinician, and scholar, I decided to explore the topic as it relates to nurse-to-nurse workplace aggression. The following is a summary of interviews with nurse managers, nurse practitioners, and nurse scientists about root causes and effective strategies to manage these sometimes complicated situations. This article is meant to continue the dialogue about the very sensitive issue. Confidentiality has been maintained, and I welcome your comments.

  8. Concepts of dialogue as counterterrorism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gad, Ulrik Pram

    2012-01-01

    of information, partnerships and dialogue. This article analyses Danish counterterrorism policy narratives to identify the concepts of dialogue implied and the positions awarded to less-than-radical Muslim Others. This article finds that Muslims might – especially after the Danish Muhammad cartoon affair......Since 9/11, the terrorist is often awarded the position of the radical Other: the personified existential threat to the West. The counterterrorism strategy presented by the Danish government describes itself as covering a ‘broad spectrum’ of efforts. It includes an ‘active foreign policy......’ in relation to the Muslim world and an ‘active integration policy’ in relation to Muslim migrants. Both inside and outside the nation-state, efforts range from ‘hard power’ security strategies of elimination and control involving military, police and intelligence operations, to ‘soft power’ strategies...

  9. Inter-Religious Dialogue Models in Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wan Sabri Wan Yusof

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Over the years, many organizations have involved in the implementation of inter-religious dialogue in Malaysia. However, there are stillthose who doubt the role and purpose of interreligious dialogue. This might be due to lack of information and understanding regardingthe methodology of dialogue and also about different types that it may take. The present study is aimed at exploring a few models ofinter-religious dialogue that have been practised by some organizations that actively involved in dialogue. The study focuses on a review of selected organizational or institutional dialoguemodels such as Center for Civilizational Dialogue (CCD, Students Representative Council of Malaysia Science University (HealthCampus and Inter-faith Spiritual Fellowship (INSaF. This study provides information concerning the various designs of inter-religiousdialogue model in Malaysia and proposes that different designs of inter-religious dialogue rely on its different types and goals. It is found that, the commonly practiced type of dialogue in Malaysia is educational type which focuses on exploring inter-religious commonalities as well as differences which consequently willincrease understanding and foster meaningful engagement between people of different ethnic and religious background in Malaysia. Thistype of dialogue is distinguished from conflict resolution types of dialogue which aims at identifying issues and generating action plansto conflicts or disputes.

  10. Navigating between Dialogue and Confrontation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thuesen, Frederik

    2011-01-01

    Interviews with political or organizational elites often constitute a valuable source of knowledge about organizational culture, values, and strategies. However, such interviews often confront the researcher with either reluctant or control-seeking respondents, especially for sensitive issues...... phronesis, Aristotle’s concept of practical rationality. A phronetic approach, involving reflections on the link between reason and emotions, is well suited for handling both dialogue and confrontation in the interview process. Empirically, the paper draws on interviews with representatives of trade unions...

  11. Stakeholder dialogue for sustainable service

    OpenAIRE

    Johnson, Mikael

    2008-01-01

    Human behavior threatens to ruin irrevocably our long-term existence; the downhill slide is steep and seemingly soon will be incurable. Shifting from unsustainable development would require substantial and far-reaching changes in lifestyles and living standards. As stakeholders (customers, consumers, shareholders, suppliers, distributors, employees, and local communities), through different kinds of dialogue we can influence organizations’ performance by applying pressure on them to change un...

  12. The Information Literacy of Survey Mark Hunting: A Dialogue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jennifer Galas

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available In Brief: This article makes connections between the ACRL Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education and the activity of survey mark hunting. After a brief review of the literature related to geographic information systems (GIS, information literacy, and gamification of learning, the authors enter into a dialogue in which they discover and describe the...

  13. Spoken Dialogue Interfaces: Integrating Usability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spiliotopoulos, Dimitris; Stavropoulou, Pepi; Kouroupetroglou, Georgios

    Usability is a fundamental requirement for natural language interfaces. Usability evaluation reflects the impact of the interface and the acceptance from the users. This work examines the potential of usability evaluation in terms of issues and methodologies for spoken dialogue interfaces along with the appropriate designer-needs analysis. It unfolds the perspective to the usability integration in the spoken language interface design lifecycle and provides a framework description for creating and testing usable content and applications for conversational interfaces. Main concerns include the problem identification of design issues for usability design and evaluation, the use of customer experience for the design of voice interfaces and dialogue, and the problems that arise from real-life deployment. Moreover it presents a real-life paradigm of a hands-on approach for applying usability methodologies in a spoken dialogue application environment to compare against a DTMF approach. Finally, the scope and interpretation of results from both the designer and the user standpoint of usability evaluation are discussed.

  14. Evaluasi Tutor Online untuk Meningkatkan Kualitas Layanan Tutorial Tatap Muka pada Pendidikan Jarak Jauh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sugiran

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Underwriting performance of tutors at the Open University (UT is determined from the evaluation of tutors is done manually by distributing a questionnaire to students. This system is costly, less preferred students, interfere with the activity of the tutorial, the questionnaire processing is still done manually, and the report can not be received on time. The solution needs to be an evaluation system based tutors online to replace the old system. This study aims to generate application-based tutor online evaluation system which can improve the quality of service tutorial face to face at UT. Application design using the System Development Life Cycle (SDLC with several stages. The first is a systems planning (needs analysis, using interview techniques, dokuemntasi and observation. Second, system analysis (system requirements analysis conducted to formulate the solution of existing problems. Third, the system design (system design, which is depicted in diagrammatic form context-level data flow diagram (DFD. Fourth systems implementation (implementation of the system, carried out using pseudocode programming code based on the programming language, and Fifth, system testing, using black box method testing. Results test show that the application is in conformity with the needs of the system, where students can assess the tutor UT simply by accessing the internet. Expected results of this study, evaluation of the application form based online tutors can help UT in terms of improving the quality of face-to-face tutorial services.

  15. A flexible virtual reality tutorial for the training and assessment of arthroscopic skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moody, Louise; Waterworth, Alan

    2004-01-01

    Through definition of a comprehensive tutorial model, the Warwick, Imperial and Sheffield Haptic Knee Arthroscopy Training System (WISHKATS) aims to provide independent, flexible and consistent training and assessment. The intention is to satisfy user acceptance by limiting the constraints by which the system can be utilised, as well as demonstrating validity and reliability. System use can either be under the guidance and feedback offered by the system or of a senior surgeon. Objective metrics are defined for performance feedback and formal assessment.

  16. “1+1+1”专业导师制下高职学生学业规划现状探析%Analysis on Higher Vocational Students' Academic Planning Education Based on"1+1+1"Professional Tutorial System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭平

    2016-01-01

    Academic planning education is the most important contents in "1+1+1" professional tutorial system, which can improve understanding and recognition of academic planning through instructing step by step. However, these existing problems including seldom tutor and poor level. We should complete tutorial system and academic program guidance system, in order to mobilize teachers-students enthusiasm and achieve the best effect.%“1+1+1”专业导师制将学业规划教育列为导师工作的重要内容,通过对学生分阶段的指导,提高学生对学业规划的认知和认同。但在推动过程中也发现了很多问题,比如导师的数量不足、指导水平有待提高等,必须不断完善导师工作制度和学业规划指导体系,充分调动教学双方的积极性,以达到最佳的教育效果。

  17. The "magic" of tutorial centres in Hong Kong: An analysis of media marketing and pedagogy in a tutorial centre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koh, Aaron

    2014-12-01

    Why do more than three-quarters of Hong Kong's senior secondary students flock to tutorial centres like moths to light? What is the "magic" that is driving the popularity of the tutorial centre enterprise? Indeed, looking at the ongoing boom of tutorial centres in Hong Kong (there are almost 1,000 of them), it is difficult not to ask these questions. This paper examines the phenomenon of tutorial centres in Hong Kong and seeks to understand what draws students to these centres. Combining theories of marketing semiotics and emotion studies, the author investigates the pivotal role of media marketing in generating the "magic" of tutorial centres, whose advertising strategy includes, for example, a display of billboard posters featuring stylishly-dressed "celebrity teachers". The author reviews some of the literature available on the subject of tutorial centres. In a case study approach, he then maps out the pedagogy he observed in an English tutorial class, seeking heuristic insights into the kind of teaching students in the study were looking for. He argues that part of the "magical" attraction of what are essentially "cram schools" is their formulaic pedagogy of teaching and reinforcing exam skills. Finally, the paper considers the social implications of the tutorial centre industry in terms of media marketing of education and unequal access to tutorial services.

  18. [An insane dialogue].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boer, Max; Brignole, Éric

    2015-01-01

    How should madness and in particular delusional manifestations be considered? The caregiver's perception of delirium has an impact on how they view the function of the caregiver in psychiatry. Should delirium be suppressed? Delirium is an individual phenomenon but the themes are linked to social issues. Must we not take into account everyone's "thresholds" with regard to the place of delirium, in order to make it part of "living together". Two patients of a psychiatric care system discuss these issues.

  19. The Dialogic Turn: Dialogue or Violence?

    OpenAIRE

    Lidia Puigvert

    2012-01-01

    Individuals and social groups are increasingly using dialogue to take decisions, perform actions and solve conflicts in diverse social relationships, from international policies or globalization processes to personal friendships, labor relations or the intimacy of bedroom. When they do not use dialogue, they use violence or imposition: there are only two ways to proceed. The increase of dialogue does not imply that there is no violence in human and social relationships, obviously there is; bu...

  20. Intelligent Tutoring Systems: A Tutorial Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-09-01

    a good example is the I 0(0 wo)tk of Papett aJld DiSessa at .I.T., inspired by the Piaget exploratory school i ,f di,, ,er learniirg 01’.lerl 1980...AFHRL/MOT a nDr. Howard Burrows Brooks AFB, TX 78235 Washington, DC 20310 National Institute of Health Capt. J. Jean Belanger Bethesda, MD 20892 Dr

  1. Cold bosons in optical lattices: a tutorial for exact diagonalization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raventós, David; Graß, Tobias; Lewenstein, Maciej; Juliá-Díaz, Bruno

    2017-06-01

    Exact diagonalization (ED) techniques are a powerful method for studying many-body problems. Here, we apply this method to systems of few bosons in an optical lattice, and use it to demonstrate the emergence of interesting quantum phenomena such as fragmentation and coherence. Starting with a standard Bose-Hubbard Hamiltonian, we first revise the characterisation of the superfluid to Mott insulator (MI) transitions. We then consider an inhomogeneous lattice, where one potential minimum is made much deeper than the others. The MI phase due to repulsive on-site interactions then competes with the trapping of all atoms in the deep potential. Finally, we turn our attention to attractively interacting systems, and discuss the appearance of strongly correlated phases and the onset of localisation for a slightly biased lattice. The article is intended to serve as a tutorial for ED of Bose-Hubbard models.

  2. WLCG Operations portal demo tutorial

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2016-01-01

    This is a navigation through http://wlcg-ops.web.cern.ch/ the Worldwide LHC Computing Grid (WLCG) Operations' portal. In this portal you will find documentation and information about WLCG Operation activities for: System Administrators at the WLCG sites LHC Experiments Operation coordination people, including Task Forces and Working Groups

  3. 77 FR 64990 - Pesticide Program Dialogue Committee; Request for Nominations to the Pesticide Program Dialogue...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-24

    ... AGENCY Pesticide Program Dialogue Committee; Request for Nominations to the Pesticide Program Dialogue... Pesticide Program Dialogue Committee (PPDC). EPA values and welcomes diversity. In an effort to obtain... American food supply, the education and protection from unreasonable risk of those who apply or are...

  4. 75 FR 13284 - Pesticide Program Dialogue Committee; Request for Nominations to the Pesticide Program Dialogue...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-19

    ... AGENCY Pesticide Program Dialogue Committee; Request for Nominations to the Pesticide Program Dialogue... to be considered for appointment to the Pesticide Program Dialogue Committee (PPDC). EPA values and... American food supply, the education and protection from unreasonable risk of those who apply or are...

  5. Tutorial My NCBI para bibliotecas

    OpenAIRE

    Campos Asensio, Concepción

    2005-01-01

    My NCBI (National Center for Biotechnology Information) works keeping information and preferences of the user in order to provide customized additional services. With My NCBI, search strategies can be saved and it is possible to activate an option so that the system sends automatically by e-mail the results of the searches previously saved. Besides, My NCBI allows to store e-mail addresses, to filter the results of the searches and LinkOut, documents shipment service and preferences of exter...

  6. Trilinos 3.1 tutorial.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sala, Marzio; Heroux, Michael Allen

    2004-01-01

    This document introduces the use of Trilinos, version 3.1. Trilinos has been written to support, in a rigorous manner, the solver needs of the engineering and scientific applications at Sandia National Laboratories. Aim of this manuscript is to present the basic features of some of the Trilinos packages. The presented material includes the definition of distributed matrices and vectors with Epetra, the iterative solution of linear system with AztecOO, incomplete factorizations with IFPACK, multilevel methods with ML, direct solution of linear system with Amesos, and iterative solution of nonlinear systems with NOX. With the help of several examples, some of the most important classes and methods are detailed to the inexperienced user. For the most majority, each example is largely commented throughout the text. Other comments can be found in the source of each example. This document is a companion to the Trilinos User's Guide and Trilinos Development Guides. Also, the documentation included in each of the Trilinos' packages is of fundamental importance.

  7. Developing and Testing a Video Tutorial for Software Training

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meij, van der Hans

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: Video tutorials for software training are rapidly becoming popular. A set of dedicated guidelines for the construction of such tutorials was recently advanced in Technical Communication (Van der Meij & Van der Meij, 2013). The present study set out to assess the cognitive and motivational e

  8. Evaluating Best Practices for Video Tutorials: A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weeks, Thomas; Putnam Davis, Jennifer

    2017-01-01

    This article will explore one library's experience creating best practices for the creation of video tutorials. First, a literature review establishes the best practices other creators have used. Then, the authors apply these best practices to the creation of their first video tutorial. Finally, they evaluate the usefulness of each practice in…

  9. XACC 280 UOP Tutorial Course/Uoptutorial

    OpenAIRE

    anemone222

    2015-01-01

    For More Course Tutorials Visit www.uoptutorial.com             1.      Assignment: Journalizing, Posting, and Preparing a Trial Balance   ·         Complete P2-2A on p. 81 of Financial Accounting, using the templates in Appendix C for your answers. Each part of the problem corresponds to one tab in Appendix C. Complete all three tabs of Appendix C. ...

  10. SOC 120 ASH Tutorial course/ Uoptutorial

    OpenAIRE

    Michael Crichton

    2015-01-01

    For more course tutorials visit www.uoptutorial.com     SOC 120 WEEK 1 DQ 1 RELATIVISM SOC 120 WEEK 1 DQ 2 EGOISM AND ALTRUISM SOC 120 WEEK 2 DQ 1 SCHOOL PRAYER SOC 120 WEEK 2 DQ 2 RESPONSIBILITY AND REWARD SOC 120 WEEK 2 RELATIVISM AND MORALITY SOC 120 WEEK 3 DQ 1 DEATH PENALTY SOC 120 WEEK 3 DQ 2 FUTURE GENERATIONS AND DEVELOPMENT SOC 120 WEEK 3 ROUGH DRAFT OF FINAL PAPER ON ETHICS THEORY SOC 120 WEEK 4 DQ 1 PRESUMPTION OF INNOCENCE ...

  11. MGT 401 ASH Course Tutorial / Tutorialoutlet

    OpenAIRE

    kennith

    2015-01-01

    For more course tutorials visit www.tutorialoutlet.com   MGT 401 Week 1 Individual Assignment Strategic Management Process Paper (Ash) MGT 401 Week 1 Class Activity Week 1 (Ash) MGT 401 Week 1 DQ 1 (Ash) MGT 401 Week 1 DQ 2 (Ash) MGT 401 Week 2 Learning Team Business Model Comparison Example (Ash) MGT 401 Week 2 DQ 1 (Ash) MGT 401 Week 2 DQ 2 (Ash) MGT 401 Week 2 Class Activity (Ash) MGT 401 Week 3 Individual Assignment Business Plan Evaluation (Ash) ...

  12. MGT 330 ASH Course Tutorial / Tutorialoutlet

    OpenAIRE

    alfoniz

    2015-01-01

    For more course tutorials visit www.tutorialoutlet.com   MGT 330 Week 1 Individual Assignment Functions of Management Paper (Ash) MGT 330 Week 1 DQ 1 (Ash) MGT 330 Week 1 DQ 2 (Ash) MGT 330 Week 1 DQ 3 (Ash) MGT 330 Week 1 Summary (Ash) MGT 330 Week 2 Team Assignment External Internal Factors Paper (Ash) MGT 330 Week 2 Individual Assignment Delegation (Ash) MGT 330 Week 2 Summary (Ash) MGT 330 Week 2 DQ 1 (Ash) MGT 330 Week 2 DQ 2 (Ash) MGT 330 W...

  13. MAT 126 ASH Course Tutorial / Tutorialoutlet

    OpenAIRE

    stylia

    2015-01-01

    For more course tutorials visit www.tutorialoutlet.com   MAT 126 Week 1 DQ 1 (Ash) MAT 126 Week 1 Quiz (Ash) MAT 126 Week 1 Written Assignment (Arithmetic and geometric sequence) (Ash) MAT 126 Week 2 DQ 1 (Ash) MAT 126 Week 2 DQ 2 (Ash) MAT 126 Week 2 Assignment Is It Fat Free (Ash) MAT 126 Week 2 Quiz (Ash) MAT 126 Week 3 DQ 1 (Ash) MAT 126 Week 3 DQ 2 (Ash) MAT 126 Week 3 Assignment Quadratic Equations (Ash) MAT 126 Week 3 Quiz (Ash) MAT 126...

  14. CJA 444 Tutorials / cja444dotcom

    OpenAIRE

    sunshine384

    2015-01-01

    For more course tutorials visit www.cja444.com   CJA 444 Week 1 DQ 1 CJA 444 Week 1 DQ 2 CJA 444 Week 1 Individual Assignment Organizational Behavior Paper CJA 444 Week 1 Team Assignment Weekly Summary CJA 444 Week 2 DQ 1 CJA 444 Week 2 DQ 2 CJA 444 week 2 Individual Assignment Group Behavior and Processes Paper CJA 444 Week 2 Team Assignment Team Diversity Paper CJA 444 Week 2 Learning Team Weekly Summary CJA 444 Week 3 DQ 1 CJA 444 We...

  15. Sonic effervescence: A tutorial on acoustic cavitation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Apfel, R.E. [Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520-8286 (United States)

    1997-03-01

    This article on acoustic cavitation is a revision of a tutorial lecture presented at the Acoustical Society of America meeting in Austin, Texas, on 28 November 1994. The general approach adopted here differs from a review article in stressing the overarching themes that come under the category of acoustic cavitation, rather than being an encyclopedic reference on the topic. When possible, specific order-of-magnitude estimates have been given so that the reader can better understand the particular phenomena being described. The basic physics is discussed, and applications are reviewed with the goal of putting them in a useful context. {copyright} {ital 1997 Acoustical Society of America.}

  16. Endnote Web tutorial for BJCVS/RBCCV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Aurélio Barboza de Oliveira

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available AbstractAt present, many useful tools for reference management are available for use. They can be either off-line softwares or accessible Websites to all users in the internet. Their target is to facilitate the production of scientific text. But, to accomplish that, the featured bibliographic style should be effectively inserted, and the program has to be free. Here in this tutorial, we present Endnote Web®, a bibliographic reference management program comprising these two requirements: it contains the Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery reference format and its use is free for charge after sign-in in IP registered terminal in Web of Science®.

  17. Endnote Web tutorial for BJCVS/RBCCV.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira, Marcos Aurélio Barboza de; Santos, Carlos Alberto dos; Brandi, Antônio Carlos; Botelho, Paulo Henrique Husseini; Sciarra, Adília Maria Pires; Braile, Domingo Marcolino

    2015-01-01

    At present, many useful tools for reference management are available for use. They can be either off-line softwares or accessible Websites to all users in the internet. Their target is to facilitate the production of scientific text. But, to accomplish that, the featured bibliographic style should be effectively inserted, and the program has to be free. Here in this tutorial, we present Endnote Web®, a bibliographic reference management program comprising these two requirements: it contains the Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery reference format and its use is free for charge after sign-in in IP registered terminal in Web of Science®.

  18. Endnote Web tutorial for BJCVS/RBCCV

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Oliveira, Marcos Aurélio Barboza; dos Santos, Carlos Alberto; Brandi, Antônio Carlos; Botelho, Paulo Henrique Husseini; Sciarra, Adília Maria Pires; Braile, Domingo Marcolino

    2015-01-01

    At present, many useful tools for reference management are available for use. They can be either off-line softwares or accessible Websites to all users in the internet. Their target is to facilitate the production of scientific text. But, to accomplish that, the featured bibliographic style should be effectively inserted, and the program has to be free. Here in this tutorial, we present Endnote Web®, a bibliographic reference management program comprising these two requirements: it contains the Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery reference format and its use is free for charge after sign-in in IP registered terminal in Web of Science®. PMID:26107457

  19. CJS 220 Tutorials / cjs220dotcom

    OpenAIRE

    sunshine38

    2015-01-01

    For more course tutorials visit www.cjs220.com   CJS 220 Week 1 DQ 1 and DQ 2 CJS 220 Week 2 Checkpoint Structure of the Courts CJS 220 Week 2 Individual Law Opinion Paper CJS 220 Week 3 Checkpoint Due Process CJS 220 Week 3 Checkpoint Legal Defenses CJS 220 Week 3 DQ 1 and DQ 2 CJS 220 Week 4 Checkpoint Attorney Client Confidentiality   CJS 220 Week 4 Individual Assignment Prosecution Versus Defense Paper CJS 220 Week 5 Checkpoint Path to...

  20. Tutorial examples for uncertainty quantification methods.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    De Bord, Sarah [Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States)

    2015-08-01

    This report details the work accomplished during my 2015 SULI summer internship at Sandia National Laboratories in Livermore, CA. During this internship, I worked on multiple tasks with the common goal of making uncertainty quantification (UQ) methods more accessible to the general scientific community. As part of my work, I created a comprehensive numerical integration example to incorporate into the user manual of a UQ software package. Further, I developed examples involving heat transfer through a window to incorporate into tutorial lectures that serve as an introduction to UQ methods.

  1. An Interactive Learning Tutorial on Quantum Key Distribution

    CERN Document Server

    DeVore, Seth

    2016-01-01

    We describe the development and evaluation of a Quantum Interactive Learning Tutorial (QuILT) on quantum key distribution, a context which involves an exciting application of quantum mechanics. The protocol used in the QuILT described here uses single photons with non-orthogonal polarization states to generate a random shared key over a public channel for encrypting and decrypting information. The QuILT helps upper-level undergraduate students learn quantum mechanics using a simple two state system. It actively engages students in the learning process and helps them build links between the formalism and the conceptual aspects of quantum physics without compromising the technical content. The evaluations suggest that the QuILT is helpful in improving students' understanding of relevant concepts.

  2. Development of an interactive tutorial on quantum key distribution

    CERN Document Server

    DeVore, Seth

    2016-01-01

    We describe the development of a Quantum Interactive Learning Tutorial (QuILT) on quantum key distribution, a context which involves a practical application of quantum mechanics. The QuILT helps upper-level undergraduate students learn quantum mechanics using a simple two state system and was developed based upon the findings of cognitive research and physics education research. One protocol used in the QuILT involves generating a random shared key over a public channel for encrypting and decrypting information using single photons with non-orthogonal polarization states, and another protocol makes use of two entangled spin-1/2 particles. The QuILT uses a guided approach and focuses on helping students build links between the formalism and conceptual aspects of quantum physics without compromising the technical content. We also discuss findings from a preliminary in-class evaluation.

  3. Tutorial on agent-based modeling and simulation.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Macal, C. M.; North, M. J.; Decision and Information Sciences

    2005-01-01

    Agent-based modeling and simulation (ABMS) is a new approach to modeling systems comprised of autonomous, interacting agents. ABMS promises to have far-reaching effects on the way that businesses use computers to support decision-making and researchers use electronic laboratories to support their research. Some have gone so far as to contend that ABMS is a third way of doing science besides deductive and inductive reasoning. Computational advances have made possible a growing number of agent-based applications in a variety of fields. Applications range from modeling agent behavior in the stock market and supply chains, to predicting the spread of epidemics and the threat of bio-warfare, from modeling consumer behavior to understanding the fall of ancient civilizations, to name a few. This tutorial describes the theoretical and practical foundations of ABMS, identifies toolkits and methods for developing ABMS models, and provides some thoughts on the relationship between ABMS and traditional modeling techniques.

  4. A Tutorial on Parallel and Concurrent Programming in Haskell

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peyton Jones, Simon; Singh, Satnam

    This practical tutorial introduces the features available in Haskell for writing parallel and concurrent programs. We first describe how to write semi-explicit parallel programs by using annotations to express opportunities for parallelism and to help control the granularity of parallelism for effective execution on modern operating systems and processors. We then describe the mechanisms provided by Haskell for writing explicitly parallel programs with a focus on the use of software transactional memory to help share information between threads. Finally, we show how nested data parallelism can be used to write deterministically parallel programs which allows programmers to use rich data types in data parallel programs which are automatically transformed into flat data parallel versions for efficient execution on multi-core processors.

  5. Demonstration and Dialogue: Mediation in Swedish Nuclear Waste Management

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Elam, Mark, e-mail: mark.elam@sociology.gu.se; Lidberg, Maria; Soneryd, Linda; Sundqvist, Goeran

    2009-07-01

    This report analyses mediation and mediators in Swedish nuclear waste management. Mediation is about establishing agreement and building common knowledge. It is argued that demonstrations and dialogue are the two prominent approaches to mediation in Swedish nuclear waste management. Mediation through demonstration is about showing, displaying, and pointing out a path to safe disposal for inspection. It implies a strict division between demonstrator and audience. Mediation through dialogue on the other hand, is about collective acknowledgements of uncertainty and suspensions of judgement creating room for broader discussion. In Sweden, it is the Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co. (SKB) that is tasked with finding a method and a site for the final disposal of the nation's nuclear waste. Two different legislative frameworks cover this process. In accordance with the Act on Nuclear Activities, SKB is required to demonstrate the safety of its planned nuclear waste management system to the government, while in respect of the Swedish Environmental Code, they are obliged to organize consultations with the public. How SKB combines these requirements is the main question under investigation in this report in relation to materials deriving from three empirical settings: 1) SKB's safety analyses, 2) SKB's public consultation activities and 3) the 'dialogue projects', initiated by other actors than SKB broadening the public arena for discussion. In conclusion, an attempt is made to characterise the long- term interplay of demonstration and dialogue in Swedish nuclear waste management

  6. Design and evaluation of a computer tutorial on electric fields

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morse, Jeanne Jackson

    Research has shown that students do not fully understand electric fields and their interactions with charged particles after completing traditional classroom instruction. The purpose of this project was to develop a computer tutorial to remediate some of these difficulties. Research on the effectiveness of computer-delivered instructional materials showed that students would learn better from media incorporating user-controlled interactive graphics. Two versions of the tutorial were tested. One version used interactive graphics and the other used static graphics. The two versions of the tutorial were otherwise identical. This project was done in four phases. Phases I and II were used to refine the topics covered in the tutorial and to test the usability of the tutorial. The final version of the tutorial was tested in Phases III and IV. The tutorial was tested using a pretest-posttest design with a control group. Both tests were administered in an interview setting. The tutorial using interactive graphics was more effective at remediating students' difficulties than the tutorial using static graphics for students in Phase III (p = 0.001). In Phase IV students who viewed the tutorial with static graphics did better than those viewing interactive graphics. The sample size in Phase IV was too small for this to be a statistically meaningful result. Some student reasoning errors were noted during the interviews. These include difficulty with the vector representation of electric fields, treating electric charge as if it were mass, using faulty algebraic reasoning to answer questions involving ratios and proportions, and using Coulomb's law in situations in which it is not appropriate.

  7. Metaphors of Literacy: Dialogues in Inclusive Settings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Causarano, Antonio

    2015-01-01

    This article discusses the importance of metaphors in education and in inclusive settings in particular. Metaphors are seen as the fabric of collaboration through dialogue across the curriculum. The article analyzes the dialogues among the Language Arts, Social Studies, and inclusion teacher in a large middle school in the Southwest of the United…

  8. A POMDP approach to Affective Dialogue Modeling

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bui Huu Trung, B.H.T.; Poel, Mannes; Nijholt, Antinus; Zwiers, Jakob; Keller, E.; Marinaro, M.; Bratanic, M.

    2007-01-01

    We propose a novel approach to developing a dialogue model that is able to take into account some aspects of the user's affective state and to act appropriately. Our dialogue model uses a Partially Observable Markov Decision Process approach with observations composed of the observed user's

  9. Dialogues and the problems of knowing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kreiner, Kristian; Jacobsen, Peter Holm; Jensen, Daniel Toft

    2011-01-01

    We describe and analyze the introduction of legitimate dialogues in architectural competitions. What happens to the competition when the contestants are allowed to interact with each other and with the competition jury? We consider dialogues to be a supplementary social technology that is becomin...

  10. Human Rights: Dialogue and International Cooperation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王水霞; 孟保林

    2007-01-01

    @@ Dialogue is a major form of international cooperation on human rights issues. It is also instrumental in settling human rights disputes between nations. In this age of globalization, extensive global dialogues on human rights serve to deepen mutual understanding between nations, speed up the formation of international norms governing human rights, and hasten the advent of a harmonious world.

  11. Dialogue as a Site of Transformative Possibility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinha, Shilpi

    2010-01-01

    This article examines how affect allows us to view the relational form of dialogue, as built upon the work of Derrida and Levinas, to be a site of transformative possibility for students as they encounter and address issues of social justice and difference in the classroom. The understanding of affect that attends this form of dialogue demands…

  12. The Practice of Dialogue in Critical Pedagogy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaufmann, Jodi Jan

    2010-01-01

    This paper examines dialogue in the higher education classroom. Instigated by my teaching experiences and the paucity of empirical studies examining dialogue in the higher education classroom, I present a re-examination of data I collected in 1996 for an ethnographic study focusing on the experiences of the participants in an ethnic literature…

  13. The Socratic Dialogue and Teacher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knezic, Dubravka; Wubbels, Theo; Elbers, Ed; Hajer, Maaike

    2010-01-01

    This article argues that the Socratic Dialogue in the Nelson and Heckmann tradition will prove a considerable contribution in training teachers. A review of the literature and empirical research supports the claim that the Socratic Dialogue promotes student teachers' interpersonal sensitivity while stimulating conceptual understanding. The article…

  14. Interfaith Dialogue at Peace Museums in Kenya

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gachanga, Timothy; Mutisya, Munuve

    2015-01-01

    This paper makes a case for further studies on the contribution of peace museums to interfaith dialogue debate. Based on our experiences as museum curators, teachers and peace researchers and a review of published materials, we argue that there is a lacuna in the study on the contribution of peace museums to the interfaith dialogue debate. The…

  15. BAKHTIN: THE DANGERS OF DIALOGUE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrei Khorev

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on the relation to the Other - the underlying aspect of dialogism - in the works of Mikhail Bakhtin. His approach to heterology (science or knowledge of the Other is fundamental to analysis of such themes of his oeuvre as carnival (laughter, history, and economy of human existence. On a certain stage it appears, that two configurations may be distinguished in Bakhtin's conception of the Other. First, the Other dominated and apprropriated by the subject, or Author, or Self in the dialogic relation – it is only a provisional Other. The second is the irreducible Other, outside the possibility of adequate knowledge and thus potentially excluded from dialogue. Thus, the end of dialogue, the silence remains as a dark shadow on the horizon of the meaningful discursive logic. Moreover, the concepts of meaning and truth itself seem to be jeopardized here, since «answers to questions is what I call 'meanings'» (Bakhtin. Nevertheless, Bakhtin never openly questions the fundamental values of knowledge and final truth; his position may be summed up thus: «The truth is out there. Only it is probably not cognizable to an individual. Or may be not to anybody».

  16. Three dialogues concerning robots in elder care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Metzler, Theodore A; Barnes, Susan J

    2014-01-01

    The three dialogues in this contribution concern 21st century application of life-like robots in the care of older adults. They depict conversations set in the near future, involving a philosopher (Dr Phonius) and a nurse (Dr Myloss) who manages care at a large facility for assisted living. In their first dialogue, the speakers discover that their quite different attitudes towards human-robot interaction parallel fundamental differences separating their respective concepts of consciousness. The second dialogue similarly uncovers deeply contrasting notions of personhood that appear to be associated with respective communities of nursing and robotics. The additional key awareness that arises in their final dialogue links applications of life-like robots in the care of older adults with potential transformations in our understandings of ourselves - indeed, in our understandings of the nature of our own humanity. This series of dialogues, therefore, appears to address a topic in nursing philosophy that merits our careful attention.

  17. Analyzing Interactive QA Dialogues Using Logistic Regression Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirschner, Manuel; Bernardi, Raffaella; Baroni, Marco; Dinh, Le Thanh

    With traditional Question Answering (QA) systems having reached nearly satisfactory performance, an emerging challenge is the development of successful Interactive Question Answering (IQA) systems. Important IQA subtasks are the identification of a dialogue-dependent typology of Follow Up Questions (FU Qs), automatic detection of the identified types, and the development of different context fusion strategies for each type. In this paper, we show how a system relying on shallow cues to similarity between utterances in a narrow dialogue context and other simple information sources, embedded in a machine learning framework, can improve FU Q answering performance by implicitly detecting different FU Q types and learning different context fusion strategies to help re-ranking their candidate answers.

  18. Lab-Tutorials for teaching quantum physics (Lab-Tutorials fuer den Quantenphysik Unterricht)

    CERN Document Server

    Wittmann, M C

    2006-01-01

    English abstract: In the "Intuitive Quantum Physics" course, we use graphical interpretations of mathematical equations and qualitative reasoning to develop and teach a simplified model of quantum physics. Our course contains three units: Wave physics, Development of a conceptual toolbox, and quantum physics. It also contains three key themes: wave-particle duality, the Schroedinger equation, and tunneling of quantum particles. Students learn most new material in lab-tutorials in which students work in small groups (3 to 3 people) on specially designed worksheets. Lecture reinforces the lab-tutorial content and focuses more on issues about the nature of science. Data show that students are able to learn some of the most difficult concepts in the course, and also that students learn to believe that there is a conceptually accessible structure to the physics in the course. German abstract: Im Kurs "Intuitive Quantum Physics" werden graphische Interpretationen mathematischer Gleichungen und qualitatives Denken d...

  19. The New Path Analysis on the Contemporary Undergraduates’Extracurricular Reading Guidance--Take the Undergraduate Tutorial System as the Angle of View%当代大学生课外阅读指导路径新探--以本科生导师制为视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付冬梅

    2012-01-01

      阅读对个人发展的重要性不言而喻,但当前大学生的阅读现状却不容乐观。阅读率的持续走低,阅读选择的盲目性,阅读方式的“快餐化”,阅读内容的“娱乐化”等特点均说明当前大学生亟需有针对性的课外阅读指导。本文以本科生导师制为切入点,借助本科生导师与大学生的互动平台为大学生课外阅读指导寻找可行的路径。这不仅有利于缓解当前高校本科生导师制定位不明的尴尬,更有助于提高大学生的阅读能力,为其日后的学习和工作奠定良好的基础。%  The importance of reading is self-evident on our personal development. But today the reading situation of the undergraduates is not optimistic. It has presented some new features,for example,the reading rate is falling,the reading choice is blindness,the fast reading is becoming the style of reading,the contents of“entertainment”are preferred by the students. Those features explain the undergraduates need the targeted extracurricular reading guidance very much. The tutorial system provides a new interactive platform between the undergraduates and the tutors. The tutorial system as the breakthrough point,the essay will seek for the possible path for the undergraduates' extracurricular reading guidance. It not only helps to ease the awkward position of the undergraduate tutorial system,but also more helps to improve the students' reading ability. It will lay the good foundation for the undergraduates' study and work in the future.

  20. Diabetic nephropathy: a national dialogue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breyer, Matthew D; Coffman, Thomas M; Flessner, Michael F; Fried, Linda F; Harris, Raymond C; Ketchum, Christian J; Kretzler, Matthias; Nelson, Robert G; Sedor, John R; Susztak, Katalin

    2013-09-01

    The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases-supported Kidney Research National Dialogue (KRND) asked the scientific community to formulate and prioritize research objectives that would improve our understanding of kidney function and disease. Several high-priority objectives for diabetic nephropathy were identified in data and sample collection, hypothesis generation, hypothesis testing, and translation promotion. The lack of readily available human samples linked to comprehensive phenotypic, clinical, and demographic data remains a significant obstacle. With data and biological samples in place, several possibilities exist for using new technologies to develop hypotheses. Testing novel disease mechanisms with state-of-the-art tools should continue to be the foundation of the investigative community. Research must be translated to improve diagnosis and treatment of people. The objectives identified by the KRND provide the research community with future opportunities for improving the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diabetic nephropathy.

  1. Dialogue posthume avec Alfred Gell

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalie Heinich

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Presented as an imaginary dialogue with the author of Art and Agency, this paper displays a number of methodological shared positions: the contextualist nature of his epistemology, his focus on relations rather than on objects, his sense of pragmatism, his proximity with the notion of “person-objects” such as developed by the author of the present paper, his attention to the meso-social level and, eventually, his neutral standing in front of research objects. In spite of a few disagreements, all these properties bring to light a convergence between Gell’s anthropological approach and the kind of sociological methodology presently practiced in certain trends of French sociology.

  2. A TUTORIAL INTRODUCTION TO ADAPTIVE FRACTAL ANALYSIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael A Riley

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The authors present a tutorial description of adaptive fractal analysis (AFA. AFA utilizes an adaptive detrending algorithm to extract globally smooth trend signals from the data and then analyzes the scaling of the residuals to the fit as a function of the time scale at which the fit is computed. The authors present applications to synthetic mathematical signals to verify the accuracy of AFA and demonstrate the basic steps of the analysis. The authors then present results from applying AFA to time series from a cognitive psychology experiment on repeated estimation of durations of time to illustrate some of the complexities of real-world data. AFA shows promise in dealing with many types of signals, but like any fractal analysis method there are special challenges and considerations to take into account, such as determining the presence of linear scaling regions.

  3. Maximum Segment Sum, Monadically (distilled tutorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeremy Gibbons

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The maximum segment sum problem is to compute, given a list of integers, the largest of the sums of the contiguous segments of that list. This problem specification maps directly onto a cubic-time algorithm; however, there is a very elegant linear-time solution too. The problem is a classic exercise in the mathematics of program construction, illustrating important principles such as calculational development, pointfree reasoning, algebraic structure, and datatype-genericity. Here, we take a sideways look at the datatype-generic version of the problem in terms of monadic functional programming, instead of the traditional relational approach; the presentation is tutorial in style, and leavened with exercises for the reader.

  4. Informed Source Separation: A Bayesian Tutorial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knuth, Kevin H.

    2005-01-01

    Source separation problems are ubiquitous in the physical sciences; any situation where signals are superimposed calls for source separation to estimate the original signals. In h s tutorial I will discuss the Bayesian approach to the source separation problem. This approach has a specific advantage in that it requires the designer to explicitly describe the signal model in addition to any other information or assumptions that go into the problem description. This leads naturally to the idea of informed source separation, where the algorithm design incorporates relevant information about the specific problem. This approach promises to enable researchers to design their own high-quality algorithms that are specifically tailored to the problem at hand.

  5. Microcomputer-based digital image processing - A tutorial package for exploration geologists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrington, J. A., Jr.; Cartin, K. F.

    1985-01-01

    An Apple II microcomputer-based software package for analysis of digital data developed at the University of Oklahoma, the Digital Image Analysis System (DIAS), provides a relatively low-cost, portable alternative to large, dedicated minicomputers for digital image processing education. Digital processing techniques for analysis of Landsat MSS data and a series of tutorial exercises for exploration geologists are described and evaluated. DIAS allows in-house training that does not interfere with computer-based prospect analysis objectives.

  6. A tutorial on Bayesian Normal linear regression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klauenberg, Katy; Wübbeler, Gerd; Mickan, Bodo; Harris, Peter; Elster, Clemens

    2015-12-01

    Regression is a common task in metrology and often applied to calibrate instruments, evaluate inter-laboratory comparisons or determine fundamental constants, for example. Yet, a regression model cannot be uniquely formulated as a measurement function, and consequently the Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement (GUM) and its supplements are not applicable directly. Bayesian inference, however, is well suited to regression tasks, and has the advantage of accounting for additional a priori information, which typically robustifies analyses. Furthermore, it is anticipated that future revisions of the GUM shall also embrace the Bayesian view. Guidance on Bayesian inference for regression tasks is largely lacking in metrology. For linear regression models with Gaussian measurement errors this tutorial gives explicit guidance. Divided into three steps, the tutorial first illustrates how a priori knowledge, which is available from previous experiments, can be translated into prior distributions from a specific class. These prior distributions have the advantage of yielding analytical, closed form results, thus avoiding the need to apply numerical methods such as Markov Chain Monte Carlo. Secondly, formulas for the posterior results are given, explained and illustrated, and software implementations are provided. In the third step, Bayesian tools are used to assess the assumptions behind the suggested approach. These three steps (prior elicitation, posterior calculation, and robustness to prior uncertainty and model adequacy) are critical to Bayesian inference. The general guidance given here for Normal linear regression tasks is accompanied by a simple, but real-world, metrological example. The calibration of a flow device serves as a running example and illustrates the three steps. It is shown that prior knowledge from previous calibrations of the same sonic nozzle enables robust predictions even for extrapolations.

  7. Participation and dialogue in strategic manufacturing development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Riis, Jens Ove; Dukovska-Popovska, Iskra; Johansen, John

    2006-01-01

    Increased competition and the dynamics of technological and market developments have made operations in industrial enterprises very complex, with many stakeholders in and around the enterprise. At the same time, it has become important to address strategic issues of manufacturing. To plan...... dialogues during a workshop, part of which is a dialogue-monitoring instrument. Empirical studies will draw out process elements of participation and dialogue and demonstrate the applicability of the model. Finally, implications are spelled out for planning and managing workshops in different phases...

  8. Simple Machines Forum, a Solution for Dialogue Optimization between Physicians

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura SÎNGIORZAN

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available We developed an instrument which can ensure a quick and easy dialogue between the physicians of the Oncology Institute and family physicians. The platform we chose was Simple Machines Forum (abbreviated as SMF, a free Internet forum (BBS - Bulletin Board System application. The purpose of this article is not to detail the software platform, but to emphasize the facilities and advantages of using this solution in the medical community.

  9. Implementation of Inquiry-Based Tutorials in AN Introductory Physics Course: the Role of the Graduate Teaching Assistant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thoresen, Carol Wiggins

    1994-01-01

    This study determined if the training provided physics teaching assistants was sufficient to accomplish the objectives of inquiry-based tutorials for an introductory physics course. Qualitative research methods were used: (1) to determine if the Physics by Inquiry method was modeled; (2) to describe the process from the teaching assistant perspective; (3) to determine TA opinions on training methods; (4) to develop a frame of reference to better understand the role of TA's as instructional support staff. The study determined that the teaching assistants verbalized appropriate instructional actions, but were observed to use a predominantly didactic teaching style. TA's held a variety of perceptions and beliefs about inquiry -based learning and how science is learned. They felt comfortable in the role of tutorial instructor. They were satisfied with the training methods provided and had few suggestions to change or improve training for future tutorial instructors. A concurrent theme of teacher action dependent on teacher beliefs was sustained throughout the study. The TA's actions, as tutorial instructors, reflected their educational beliefs, student background and learning experiences. TA's performance as tutorial instructors depended on what they think and believe about learning science. Practical implications exist for training teaching assistants to be tutorial instructors. Some recommendations may be appropriate for TA's required to use instructional methods that they have not experienced as students. Interview prospective teaching assistants to determine educational experience and beliefs. Employ inexperienced teaching assistants whose perspectives match the proposed instructional role and who might be more receptive to modeling. Incorporate training into staff meetings. Provide time for TA's to experience the instructional model with simulation or role play as students and as instructors, accompanied by conference discussion. Use strategies known to enhance

  10. The effect of a monitoring scheme on tutorial attendance and assignment submission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burke, Gráinne; Bhaird, Ciarán Mac an; O'Shea, Ann

    2013-06-01

    We report on the implementation of a monitoring scheme by the Department of Mathematics and Statistics at the National University of Ireland Maynooth. The scheme was introduced in an attempt to increase the level and quality of students' engagement with certain aspects of their undergraduate course. It is well documented that students with higher levels of appropriate engagement with mathematics do better, on average, than students with similar mathematical backgrounds who do not engage. In this paper we focus specifically on the monitoring of students' tutorial attendance and their rates of assignment submission. We present an overview of the tutorial and assignment system, describe the monitoring scheme in detail, and discuss the outcome of the data analysis. In particular we will report on the positive effects that this scheme had on attendance and submission rates.

  11. A Multimedia Tutorial for Charged-Particle Beam Dynamics. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silbar, Richard R.

    1999-07-26

    In September 1995 WhistleSoft, Inc., began developing a computer-based multimedia tutorial for charged-particle beam dynamics under Phase II of a Small Business Innovative Research grant from the U.S. Department of Energy. In Phase I of this project (see its Final Report) we had developed several prototype multimedia modules using an authoring system on NeXTStep computers. Such a platform was never our intended target, and when we began Phase II we decided to make the change immediately to develop our tutorial modules for the Windows and Macintosh microcomputer market. This Report details our progress and accomplishments. It also gives a flavor of the look and feel of the presently available and upcoming modules.

  12. Design of human-computer dialogue statement library system based on sentence category%基于句类模型的人机对话系统语句库设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁子琳; 丁润伟; 刘宏

    2011-01-01

    A statement library of common topics was constructed in this paper for the problems which the low intelligence of human-machine dialogue system and the statement library was limited in some special field at present. The statement library based on sentence category of Chinese sentence types covered twenty-eight common topics, which was composed of 900 sentences. In addition, the statement library can generate much more sentences by taking place of key words for much broad fields of human-machine interaction. The statement library was more complete, improved the intelligence of human-machine dialogue and reduced the workload of constructing statement library. The real-time can be achieved because the statement library was small. The experiment results for human-machine interaction show that the statement library presented in this paper is better than that of chat robot-little I. The statement library can improve the intelligence and real-time of a chat robot, so that made human-machine interaction more friendly.%针对目前人机对话系统智能性较低、语句库领域受限的现状,设计了面向日常生活常用话题的机器人回复语句库,用于日常生活聊天.语句库以汉语句子类型中的句类为模型,构建了涵盖日常生活常用的28个话题范围的900句语句库.通过关键词语的替换可以扩展出更多的语句,从而用于更广泛领域的人机对话交流,增加了语句库的完善性,尽量避免了出现答非所问的情形.同时该构建方法降低了人工构建语句库的工作量,而且由于语句库较小,确保了系统实现的实时性.人机交互对比实验表明:该语句库实现了使用较少的语句就基本可以进行日常话题的对话,满意度高于对比网络聊天机器人小i,使得人机交互更加友好.

  13. High-Level Dialogue on International Migration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    UNHCR

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available UNHCR wishes to bring the following observations andrecommendations to the attention of the High-LevelDialogue (HLD on International Migration and Development,to be held in New York, 14-15 September 2006:

  14. On confessional dialogue and collective subjects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsson, Ulf; Petersson, Kenneth; Krejsler, John B.

    2015-01-01

    The concept of dialogue as an ideal for face-to face relationships in education has a long history in Western societies. Dialogue, however, does not only opeate in face-to-face relationships but also between collective subjects such as national states. The focus of this chapter is to discuss...... the operation of dialogue as a governmental practice in the construction of the contemporary European Higher Educational Area (EHEA) as a transnational political space. In this context the Bologna Process, as an expression of the rationalities of Open Method of Coordination, operates as a goal directed...... machinery or, as we prefer to call it, as a dialogic dispositive for the governmentalisation of Europe as a transnational political space. Dialogue operates as a means to reaching a form of unity in diversity considered inevitable if the hope for a future Europe with smart, sustainable and inclusive growth...

  15. Developing Online Tutorials to Improve Information Literacy Skills for Second-Year Nursing Students of University College Dublin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walters, Kirsteen; Bolich, Cecilia; Duffy, Daniel; Quinn, Ciarán; Walsh, Kathryn; Connolly, Sarah

    2015-01-01

    This article explores the process of developing online tutorials for a specified student group, in this case Second-Year Nursing students in University College Dublin. The product was commissioned by the Health Sciences Library and the UCD School of Nursing, Midwifery, and Health Systems. It was developed as a "Capstone Project" for part…

  16. Augmenting cognitive learning of community nutrition by tutorials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaturvedi, S

    1998-01-01

    Community health interventions are increasingly being considered a priority area in medical curriculum. In the topic of nutrition, a situation analysis of final MBBS students in our institution revealed significantly lower levels of knowledge in community applications as compared to basics and clinical aspects, indicating the need for some educational intervention. An improvised tutorial was conducted to address this deficiency at cognitive level. The intervention was a special scheme of flow of discussion with a positive bias in favour of nutritional applications at community level. Half of the learners were given routine tutorial, as part of existing teaching schedule in nutrition and the remaining were subjected to educational intervention, to provide control and study groups respectively. Before and after assessment of the recall of learners on community applications demonstrated a positive impact of improvised tutorial. The learners' level of knowledge in two groups was comparable before the tutorial but it was significantly higher ('P' < 0.001) in study group as compared to control, after the tutorial (mean scores: 134.38/150 and 91.20/150 respectively). No extra resources, tutor time or student's learning hours were needed for the improvised tutorial. Tutor's positive bias in favour of applied aspects can bring about a desired change even in conventional teaching-learning process, without asking for extra resources. It can be a supplement to community-based learning.

  17. How experienced tutors facilitate tutorial dynamics in PBL groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Gin-Hong; Lin, Chaou-Shune; Lin, Yu-Hua

    2013-01-01

    Problem-based learning (PBL) tutorial are conducted in small groups, and successful learning in such groups requires good group facilitating skills. There is a lack of research on actual skills employed by tutors in facilitating the group dynamics. To explore the process of PBL tutorial small groups, focusing on the tutors' actual behavior in facilitating group dynamics. Eight experienced tutors from various departments in medical colleges participated in this research. Forty tutorial group sessions were videotaped. Among the 636 tutorial intervention episodes, 142 of them were associated with facilitating group dynamics. Tutors interventions as well as their recalls were transcribed verbatim. Qualitative research methods were utilized to analyze the data. There were 10 tutorial group dynamic situations and 48 tutorial skills. Analysis of the tutors' intentions employing these skills in the 10 situations showed that tutors were trying to achieve the following aims: (1) iteration of PBL principles, (2) delegation of responsibility to the students, (3) creation of a good discussion forum, and (4) the generation of a good learning atmosphere. Results from this study provide PBL tutors with a practical frame of reference on group dynamic facilitating skills and stimulate further research on this topic.

  18. Group dialogue empowers Brazilian women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badiani, R; Becker, J

    1995-11-01

    In response to an alarming rise in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection among Brazilian women during the early 1990s, the Sociedade Civil Bem-Estar Familiar no Brazil (BEMFAM) developed a project that integrates HIV prevention with clinical services, community-based prevention activities, and sexually transmitted disease diagnosis and treatment. Preliminary interviews with clinic clients revealed that women's fears they would be considered unfaithful were impeding their ability to suggest condom use to their sexual partners. Condom use within a relationship was considered appropriate only for pregnancy prevention. To facilitate dialogue about sexual health, BEMFAM developed a women's group intervention project. All women who attend a BEMFAM clinic are invited to participate in a one-hour group discussion before receiving medical services. Novela-style booklets with stories and characters women can relate to their own lives are used to stimulate discussion. Participants learn to use condoms correctly by putting them on a penis model and anticipate situations in which they would be able to negotiate condom use. The group setting enables women to gain confidence and practice assertiveness in a non-threatening, supportive environment. Their identification with other women's stories empowers women to take control of their health and sexual lives. Between October 1994 and July 1995, 3464 women participated in group discussions organized by BEMFAM and 40,688 condoms were distributed; 18% of these women returned to the clinic for additional condoms.

  19. Cytopathology whole slide images and virtual microscopy adaptive tutorials: A software pilot

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simone L Van Es

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The constant growth in the body of knowledge in medicine requires pathologists and pathology trainees to engage in continuing education. Providing them with equitable access to efficient and effective forms of education in pathology (especially in remote and rural settings is important, but challenging. Methods: We developed three pilot cytopathology virtual microscopy adaptive tutorials (VMATs to explore a novel adaptive E-learning platform (AeLP which can incorporate whole slide images for pathology education. We collected user feedback to further develop this educational material and to subsequently deploy randomized trials in both pathology specialist trainee and also medical student cohorts. Cytopathology whole slide images were first acquired then novel VMATs teaching cytopathology were created using the AeLP, an intelligent tutoring system developed by Smart Sparrow. The pilot was run for Australian pathologists and trainees through the education section of Royal College of Pathologists of Australasia website over a period of 9 months. Feedback on the usability, impact on learning and any technical issues was obtained using 5-point Likert scale items and open-ended feedback in online questionnaires. Results: A total of 181 pathologists and pathology trainees anonymously attempted the three adaptive tutorials, a smaller proportion of whom went on to provide feedback at the end of each tutorial. VMATs were perceived as effective and efficient E-learning tools for pathology education. User feedback was positive. There were no significant technical issues. Conclusion: During this pilot, the user feedback on the educational content and interface and the lack of technical issues were helpful. Large scale trials of similar online cytopathology adaptive tutorials were planned for the future.

  20. L'ajuda tutorial en els MOOCs: un nou enfocament en l'acció tutorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosario Medina-Salguero

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available En el present treball s'expon un analisis de l'accio tutorial en una nova modalitat d'ensenyança-aprenentage, els MOOCS. Per a açò, hem portat a veta un estudi de material documental que permet reconstruir els acontenyiments que estan succeint en l'actualitat en els MOOCS. Els resultats mos indiquen com se configura esta nova tendencia d'aprenentage a nivell internacional i nacional i com s'establix l'ajuda pedagogica en els MOOCS.

  1. Outcomes of tutorial teaching. Strategies for nursing training in the new pedagogical model.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zulema Bos Rodríguez

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Educacation at work is the main form of the educative process in the clinical cycle of the medical higher educational system which the superior form is the tutorial one. Objective: To evaluate the strategy applied in the tutorial in the nursing new pedagogical model. Methods: A descriptive study of intervention and evaluation which started in the 1st academic year on September, 2004 collecting the application and evaluation of the strategy applied in the tutorial process of the nursing new pedagogical model. 163 students of the 2nd academic year of the Bachellor of Science in Nursing were the universe of this investigation. 50 % of them were taken as a randomized sample from 82 groups. Differente documents were reviewed and a survey was applied in order to evaluate the strategy according to the attention received by their tutors and the mark obtained in the practical final exam of 1st and 2nd academic year of their study. Results: Strategies were evaluated as Good taking into consideration the criterion of the managers of the hospital institution and the personnel in charge of the educative process. All the students passed the practical final exam and there was a predominium of the highest mark (5. The majority of the students consider the attention given by their tutors as Good. The results in the final exams in both courses behaved in a similar way with a slight augmentation in the highest category (5 in the academic course 2004-2005.

  2. Effectiveness of student-led objective tutorials in pharmacology teaching to medical students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arora, Kriti; Hashilkar, Nayana Kamalnayan

    2016-10-01

    Current teaching in pharmacology is passive with less emphasis on clinical application. There is a need to incorporate newer instructional designs into pharmacology. Student-led objective tutorial (SLOT) is one of the novel designs to enhance interest among learners, provide opportunities for group learning, and facilitate self-directed learning. This study aims to assess the effectiveness of SLOTs over conventional tutorials (CTs) in pharmacology and to obtain feedback from the students regarding their perceptions about it. The regular batch of MBBS 2(nd) professional in pharmacology was randomly divided into two groups. Five topics from central nervous system (CNS) were selected. One group received SLOT as the instructional strategy, whereas the other group went through CTs. At the end of the module, a written test was conducted to assess the effectiveness of both strategies. The students provided feedback regarding their experience using a prevalidated questionnaire. The mean scores of both the groups were analyzed using Mann-Whitney U-test. There was no significant difference in the mean scores of the end of the module test. However, the overall passing percentage was significantly higher in the intervention group (P = 0.043). A total of 45.71% students favored it as a future tutorial method and expressed that SLOT enhanced their ability to learn independently. SLOT is an effective teaching-learning method to teach pharmacology to medical undergraduates. It enhances interest among learners and increases the ability to learn independently.

  3. Social Software for Reflective Dialogue: Questions about Reflection and Dialogue in Student Teachers' Blogs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Granberg, Carina

    2010-01-01

    This article presents a study of 57 Swedish pre-school student teachers' experiences and achievements in using blogs for reflective dialogue over the course of 2007-2008. In order to examine the extent to which students engaged in reflective dialogue, text analyses of their blogs were carried out. Furthermore, 13 narrative interviews were…

  4. Discussing dialogue: perspectives on the value of science dialogue events that do not inform policy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Davies, Sarah Rachael; McCallie, Ellen; Simonsson, Elin

    2009-01-01

    While theoretical work and empirical research have examined science policy-informing "dialogue events," dialogue events that do not seek to inform public policy are under-theorized and under-researched, even though they are common and growing in popularity in the UK. We describe how, from...

  5. Monologue à plusiers voix : Montaigne et le dialogue

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Toftgaard, Anders

    2010-01-01

    Noting that both the earliest readers of Montaigne's Essais and their modern counterparts have likened them to a dialogue with a friend, this article seeks to explore the work's dialogic characteristics. The humanist dialogue is an obvious precursor to the Essais, and even though Montaigne voiced...... dissatisfaction with Plato's dialogues, he aspired to match Plato's style, not least in achieving a conversational tone. Three different elements of dialogue are analysed : the “Dialogue of One“ between the different parts of Montaigne's mind, the dialogue between the author and the writers quoted and paraphrased......, and the use of direct address to the reader to invite or provoke the reader to enter into dialogue with the author. This essay is concerned to show how Montaigne uses the dialogue to create an entirely new genre, poised between monologue and dialogue...

  6. Effectiveness of different tutorial recitation teaching methods and its implications for TA training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Endorf, Robert

    2008-04-01

    We present results from a comparative study of student understanding for students who attended recitation classes that used different teaching methods. The purpose of the study was to evaluate which teaching methods would be the most effective for recitation classes associated with large lectures in introductory physics courses. Student volunteers from our introductory calculus-based physics course at the University of Cincinnati attended a special recitation class that was taught using one of four different teaching methods. A total of 272 students were divided into approximately equal groups for each method. Students in each class were taught the same topic, ``Changes in Energy and Momentum,'' from ``Tutorials in Introductory Physics'' by Lillian McDermott, Peter Shaffer and the Physics Education Group at the University of Washington. The different teaching methods varied in the amount of student and teacher engagement. Student understanding was evaluated through pretests and posttests. Our results demonstrate the importance of the instructor's role in teaching recitation classes. The most effective teaching method was for students working in cooperative learning groups with the instructors questioning the groups using Socratic dialogue. In addition, we investigated student preferences of modes of instruction through an open-ended survey. Our results provide guidance and evidence for the teaching methods which should be emphasized in training course instructors.

  7. Effectiveness of different tutorial recitation teaching methods and its implications for TA training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kathleen M. Koenig

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available We present results from a comparative study of student understanding for students who attended recitation classes that used different teaching methods. Student volunteers from our introductory calculus-based physics course attended a special recitation class that was taught using one of four different teaching methods. A total of 272 students were divided into approximately equal groups for each method. Students in each class were taught the same topic, “Changes in Energy and Momentum,” from Tutorials in Introductory Physics. The different teaching methods varied in the amount of student and teacher engagement. Student understanding was evaluated through pre- and post-tests. Our results demonstrate the importance of the instructor’s role in teaching recitation classes. The most effective teaching method was for students working in cooperative learning groups with the instructors questioning the groups using Socratic dialogue. In addition, we investigated student preferences for modes of instruction through an open-ended survey. Our results provide guidance and evidence for the teaching methods that should be emphasized in training course instructors.

  8. TUTORIAL: Electrical resistance: an atomistic view

    Science.gov (United States)

    Datta, Supriyo

    2004-07-01

    This tutorial article presents a 'bottom-up' view of electrical resistance starting from something really small, like a molecule, and then discussing the issues that arise as we move to bigger conductors. Remarkably, no serious quantum mechanics is needed to understand electrical conduction through something really small, except for unusual things like the Kondo effect that are seen only for a special range of parameters. This article starts with energy level diagrams (section 2), shows that the broadening that accompanies coupling limits the conductance to a maximum of q2/h per level (sections 3, 4), describes how a change in the shape of the self-consistent potential profile can turn a symmetric current-voltage characteristic into a rectifying one (sections 5, 6), shows that many interesting effects in molecular electronics can be understood in terms of a simple model (section 7), introduces the non-equilibrium Green function (NEGF) formalism as a sophisticated version of this simple model with ordinary numbers replaced by appropriate matrices (section 8) and ends with a personal view of unsolved problems in the field of nanoscale electron transport (section 9). Appendix A discusses the Coulomb blockade regime of transport, while appendix B presents a formal derivation of the NEGF equations. MATLAB codes for numerical examples are listed in appendix C. (The appendices are available in the online version only.)

  9. Low temperature plasma biomedicine: A tutorial reviewa)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graves, David B.

    2014-08-01

    Gas discharge plasmas formed at atmospheric pressure and near room temperature have recently been shown to be potentially useful for surface and wound sterilization, antisepsis, bleeding cessation, wound healing, and cancer treatment, among other biomedical applications. This tutorial review summarizes the field, stressing the likely role of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species created in these plasmas as the biologically and therapeutically active agents. Reactive species, including radicals and non-radical compounds, are generated naturally within the body and are now understood to be essential for normal biological functions. These species are known to be active agents in existing therapies for wound healing, infection control, and cancer treatment. But they are also observed at elevated levels in persons with many diseases and are associated with aging. The physical and chemical complexity of plasma medical devices and their associated biochemical effects makes the development of safe, effective plasma medical devices and procedures a challenge, but encouragingly rapid progress has been reported around the world in the last several years.

  10. Low temperature plasma biomedicine: A tutorial review

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Graves, David B., E-mail: graves@berkeley.edu [University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)

    2014-08-15

    Gas discharge plasmas formed at atmospheric pressure and near room temperature have recently been shown to be potentially useful for surface and wound sterilization, antisepsis, bleeding cessation, wound healing, and cancer treatment, among other biomedical applications. This tutorial review summarizes the field, stressing the likely role of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species created in these plasmas as the biologically and therapeutically active agents. Reactive species, including radicals and non-radical compounds, are generated naturally within the body and are now understood to be essential for normal biological functions. These species are known to be active agents in existing therapies for wound healing, infection control, and cancer treatment. But they are also observed at elevated levels in persons with many diseases and are associated with aging. The physical and chemical complexity of plasma medical devices and their associated biochemical effects makes the development of safe, effective plasma medical devices and procedures a challenge, but encouragingly rapid progress has been reported around the world in the last several years.

  11. Mössbauer Spectroscopy Tutorial Book

    CERN Document Server

    Langouche, Guido

    2013-01-01

    Tutorials on Mössbauer Spectroscopy Since the discovery of the Mössbauer Effect many excellent books have been published for researchers and for doctoral and master level students.  However, there appears to be no textbook available for final year bachelor students, nor for people working in industry who have received only basic courses in classical mechanics, electromagnetism, quantum mechanics, chemistry and materials science.  The challenge of this book is to give an introduction to Mössbauer Spectroscopy for this level.  The ultimate goal of this book is to give this audience not only a scientific introduction to the technique, but also to demonstrate in an attractive way the power of Mössbauer Spectroscopy in many fields of science, in order to create interest among the readers in joining the community of Mössbauer spectroscopists.  This is particularly important at times where in many Mössbauer laboratories succession is at stake.

  12. Mass spectrometry in food proteomics: a tutorial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cunsolo, Vincenzo; Muccilli, Vera; Saletti, Rosaria; Foti, Salvatore

    2014-09-01

    In the last decades, the continuous and rapid evolution of proteomic approaches has provided an efficient platform for the characterization of food-derived proteins. Particularly, the impressive increasing in performance and versatility of the MS instrumentation has contributed to the development of new analytical strategies for proteins, evidencing how MS arguably represents an indispensable tool in food proteomics. Investigation of protein composition in foodstuffs is helpful for understanding the relationship between the protein content and the nutritional and technological properties of foods, the production of methods for food traceability, the assessment of food quality and safety, including the detection of allergens and microbial contaminants in foods, or even the characterization of genetically modified products. Given the high variety of the food-derived proteins and considering their differences in chemical and physical properties, a single proteomic strategy for all purposes does not exist. Rather, proteomic approaches need to be adapted to each analytical problem, and development of new strategies is necessary in order to obtain always the best results. In this tutorial, the most relevant aspects of MS-based methodologies in food proteomics will be examined, and their advantages and drawbacks will be discussed.

  13. MSTAR extended operating conditions: a tutorial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keydel, Eric R.; Lee, Shung W.; Moore, John T.

    1996-06-01

    One key advantage of the model-based approach for automatic target recognition (ATR) is the wide range of targets and acquisition scenarios that can be accommodated without algorithm re-training. This accrues from the use of predictive models which can be adjusted to hypothesized scenarios on-line. Approaches which rely on measured signature exemplars as the source of reference data for signature matching are constrained to those scenarios represented in the reference data base. The moving and stationary target recognition (MSTAR) program will advance the state-of-the-art in model-based ATR by developing, evaluating, and testing algorithm performance against a set of extended operating conditions (EOCs) designed to reflect real-world battlefield scenarios. In addition to full 360 deg target aspect coverage over a range of depression angles, the EOCs include variations in squint angle, target articulation and configurations, obscuration due to occlusion and/or layover, and intra-class target variability. These conditions can have a profound impact on the nature of the target signature, necessitating the development of explicit prediction and reasoning algorithms to provide robust target recognition. This paper provides a tutorial description of the impact of the MSTAR EOCs on SAR target signatures. A brief background discussion of the SAR imaging process is presented first. This is followed by a description of the impact of each EOC category on the target signature along with synthetic imagery examples to illustrate this impact.

  14. Lessons learnt from the Climate Dialogue initiative

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crok, Marcel; Strengers, Bart; Vasileiadou, Eleftheria

    2015-04-01

    The weblog Climate Dialogue (climatedialogue.org) has been an experimental climate change communication project. It was the result of a motion in the Dutch parliament, which asked the Dutch government "to also involve climate sceptics in future studies on climate change". Climate Dialogue was set up by the Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI), the Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL), and Dutch science journalist Marcel Crok. It operated for slightly more than two years (From November 2012 till December 2014). Around 20 climate scientists from all over the world, many of them leading in their respective fields, participated in six dialogues. Climate Dialogue was a moderated blog on controversial climate science topics introducing a combination of several novel elements: a) bringing together scientists with widely separated viewpoints b) strict moderation of the discussion and c) compilation of executive and extended summaries of the discussions that were approved by the invited scientists. In our talk, we will discuss the operation and results of the Climate Dialogue project, focusing more explicitly on the lessons learnt with respect to online climate change communication addressing the question: "To what extent can online climate change communication bring together climate scientists with widely separated viewpoints, and what would be the advantage of such communication practice?" We identify how Climate Dialogue was received and perceived by the participating scientists, but also by different scientific and online communities. Finally, we present our ideas on how Climate Dialogue could evolve in a novel way of contributing to (climate) science and what steps would be necessary and/or beneficial for such a platform to survive and succeed.

  15. DEVELOPING AN INTERCULTURAL VALUE-BASED DIALOGUE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiziano Telleschi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Peaceful co-existence and inclusion do not depend solely on the availability of goods and welfare systems, but primarily on shared cultural values. In order to build shared values, we propose a new concept, the worthy, as the pull-factor of the value. A value-based dialogue begins from making each ones’ worthies ‘speak to each other’ so each actor can enter into Alter’s point of view to gain, afterward, a sharing of values. Beginning from the worthy, we outline the path of an innovative integrative model: safeguard some features of the ‘diversity’ (multiculturalism and to build some ‘resemblances’ (interculturality. By this resemblances/differences trade-off both migrants, ethnic groups and autochthonous absorb something of Alter’s believes and values, and at the same time gain awareness about complementarity and interdependency with Alter, the core of an otherness mind and the requirement to manage conflicts. By this way, each actor embraces a wider and wider network of Alter (linking bonds without losing his own identity and belonging. Finally, this paper suggests operative ways involving, as game-changers of a ‘feasible’ society, school and social services from one side, and local, political entities and the civil society, from the other side (deliberative democracy.

  16. Promoting the Construction of Top-notch Innovative Tal-ents' Scientific Research Ability System with Tutorial Sys-tem as the Starting Point%以导师制为抓手,推进农林高校拔尖创新人才科研能力体系建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马川; 陈遇春

    2015-01-01

    西北农林科技大学创新实验学院以导师制为抓手,积极推进拔尖创新人才科研能力体系建设。本、硕、博贯通型培养通道的学生在大二末即有了自己的导师,学生提早进入导师实验室进行科研训练活动,依次完成自主实验、大学生科创项目、科研训练、毕业论文设计等训练环节,经过导师本科阶段和研究生阶段的全程指导,很多学生在生命科学研究领域取得了显著的成绩。%Tutorial system, put forward and practiced by Innova-tion Experimental College of Northwest A&F University, has been proved playing an active role in the development of top-notch in-novative talents cultivation system. The students recruited in Bachelor-Master-Doctor non-stop program would benefit greatly from this system, enjoying professional instruction of their aca-demic mentors and receiving research training as early as from the spring of second academic year. They would finish all re-quired training during the first four years, including the stu-dent-conducted experiments in the second academic year, the scientific innovation projects and the research training course in the third academic year, as well as the final paper and design. With the thorough and systematic guidance in scientific research from their mentors, many students from their undergraduate to graduate periods have been performing remarkably in the field of life science research.

  17. National Research Council Dialogue to Assess Progress on NASA's Systems Engineering Cost/Risk Analysis Capability Roadmap Development: General Background and Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Regenie, Victoria

    2005-01-01

    Contents include the following: General Background and Introduction of Capability. Roadmaps for Systems Engineering Cost/Risk Analysis. Agency Objectives. Strategic Planning Transformation. Review Capability Roadmaps and Schedule. Review Purpose of NRC Review. Capability Roadmap Development (Progress to Date).

  18. A tutorial on the principles of harmonic intonation for trombonists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keener, Michael Kenneth

    A Tutorial on the Principles of Harmonic Intonation for Trombonists includes a manual containing background information, explanations of the principles of harmonic intonation, and printed musical examples for use in learning and practicing the concepts of harmonic intonation. An audio compact disk containing music files corresponding to the printed music completes the set. This tutorial is designed to allow performing musicians and students to practice intonation skills with the pitch-controlled music on the compact disc. The music on the CD was recorded in movable-comma just intonation, replicating performance parameters of wind, string, and vocal ensembles. The compact disc includes sixty tracks of ear-training exercises and interval studies with which to practice intonation perception and adjustment. Tuning notes and examples of equal-tempered intervals and just intervals are included on the CD. The intonation exercises consist of musical major scales, duets, trios, and quartet phrases to be referenced while playing the printed music. The CD tracks allow the performer to play scales in unison (or practice other harmonic intervals) or the missing part of the corresponding duet, trio, or quartet exercise. Instructions in the manual guide the user through a process that can help prepare musicians for more accurate musical ensemble performance. The contextual essay that accompanies the tutorial includes a description of the tutorial, a review of related literature, methodology of construction of the tutorial, evaluations and outcomes, conclusions and recommendations for further research, and a selected bibliography.

  19. TUTORIAL: The dynamic neural field approach to cognitive robotics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erlhagen, Wolfram; Bicho, Estela

    2006-09-01

    This tutorial presents an architecture for autonomous robots to generate behavior in joint action tasks. To efficiently interact with another agent in solving a mutual task, a robot should be endowed with cognitive skills such as memory, decision making, action understanding and prediction. The proposed architecture is strongly inspired by our current understanding of the processing principles and the neuronal circuitry underlying these functionalities in the primate brain. As a mathematical framework, we use a coupled system of dynamic neural fields, each representing the basic functionality of neuronal populations in different brain areas. It implements goal-directed behavior in joint action as a continuous process that builds on the interpretation of observed movements in terms of the partner's action goal. We validate the architecture in two experimental paradigms: (1) a joint search task; (2) a reproduction of an observed or inferred end state of a grasping-placing sequence. We also review some of the mathematical results about dynamic neural fields that are important for the implementation work. .

  20. Evaluating Internet Health Information: A Tutorial from the National Library of Medicine

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: https://medlineplus.gov/webeval/webeval.html Evaluating Internet Health Information: A Tutorial from the National Library ... version of the tutorial for use when no Internet connection is available. Read the transcript of the ...