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Sample records for turk veronika hartart

  1. GARDENING IN OTTOMAN TURKS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yıldız AKSOY

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Within this study, the art of gardening in Ottoman Turks has been examined in four periods: 1. The period starting with the establishment of the Ottoman Empire till the conquest of the Byzantine capital of Constantinople by the Turks (1300-1453 2. The period starting with the conquest of Istanbul till the Tulip Era (1706 3. The Tulip Era (1703-1730 4. The period starting with the Tulip Era (1730 till the establishment of the Republic (1923 In the first period, Ottoman Turks remained under the influence of Seljuk art and were partly in contact with the Byzantine works. When miniatures showing the palace life are examined, often the importance given to the atrium garden could be seen. A significant development in the art of gardening was experienced during the period starting with the conquest of Istanbul till the Tulip Era. The Tulip Era has been a very productive period in terms of fine art in Ottoman history. Major improvements and innovations in poetry, literature, music, civil architecture and especially in the art of gardening has emerged. Till the Tulip Era, the unique natural landscape of Istanbul was equipped with the top works of art of Ottoman Turks. The art of gardening in Ottoman Turks has entered a new period with the end of the Tulip Era in 1730. This period, has been the period in which foreign influence started to affect Ottoman gardens. The most important works of the second period; the Topkapı Palace Garden and the Yıldız Palace garden, which was mostly established in a natural layout and has been the latest example of Ottoman palace gardening, were examined within this study. The structuring of the Ottoman gardens has changed and developed during the historical process depending on various effects such as life styles of the period and the artistic-cultural structure of the period.

  2. The Staging of the Turk

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Bent

    2013-01-01

    An analytical and contextualized presentation of the figure of the Turk on the Danish stage in the 18. century with a specific focus on the interaction between the actual commercial and military circumstances on the one hand and the performative representations on the other hand. How far did the ...... the staged image reflect the actual circumstances and how far was it an internal self-reflection?...

  3. Lasva veetorn-galerii = Lasva water tower-gallery / Veronika Valk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valk, Veronika, 1976-

    2010-01-01

    Lasva veetorni rekonstrueerimisest klavertrepiga kunstigaleriiks-vaatetorniks. Projekteerija: Zizi & Yoyo. Autorid: arhitekt Veronika Valk, arhitekti abiline Kadri Klementi, kunstnik Peeter Laurits, skulptor Kalle-Priit Pruuden, Kalle Tikas (heli elektroonika). Projekt: 2006-2008, valmis: 2009

  4. "Thais" muusika on fenomenaalne / Veronika Džiojeva ; intervjueerinud Silja Joon

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Džiojeva, Veronika

    2009-01-01

    Küsimustele vastab 22. mail Pärnu Endla teatris esietenduva Jules Massenet' ooperi "Thais" nimiosatäitja, 2007. aastal toimunud Klaudia Taevi nim. rahvusvahelise ooperilauljate konkursi laureaat Veronika Džiojeva

  5. Veronika Dari mõrvarid mõisteti vangi / Madis Taras

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Taras, Madis

    2008-01-01

    Harju maakohtu otsusest Tallinnas 2005. aasta 7. oktoobri hommikul Riigi Kinnisvara AS-i endise esimehe Tiit Ottise mõrvakatse käigus koolitüdruku Veronika Dari tapnud kurjategijate karistamise kohta

  6. African Journals Online: Turks and Caicos Islands

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African Journals Online: Turks and Caicos Islands. Home > African Journals Online: Turks and Caicos Islands. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads. Username, Password, Remember me, or Register · Browse By Category · Browse Alphabetically · Browse By Country · List All Titles · Free to read Titles This ...

  7. De facto stateless: the Meskhetian Turks

    OpenAIRE

    Gupta, Parikrama

    2006-01-01

    This paper proposes to examine the present sociopolitical conditions of the Meskhetian Turks living in the Krasnodar Territory of the Russian Federation. As an ethnic minority in a country that has seen a rise in levels of xenophobia and racism against "the other," the Meskhetian Turks have survived primarily as squatters, having been denied basic human rights in a land they have inhabited for years. By a description of their history, their unique link to the territories they occupy, and the ...

  8. Using Amazon Mechanical Turk for linguistic research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schnoebelen Tyler

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Amazon’s Mechanical Turk service makes linguistic experimentation quick, easy, and inexpensive. However, researchers have not been certain about its reliability. In a series of experiments, this paper compares data collected via Mechanical Turk to those obtained using more traditional methods One set of experiments measured the predictability of words in sentences using the Cloze sentence completion task (Taylor, 1953. The correlation between traditional and Turk Cloze scores is high (rho=0.823 and both data sets perform similarly against alternative measures of contextual predictability. Five other experiments on the semantic relatedness of verbs and phrasal verbs (how much is “lift” part of “lift up” manipulate the presence of the sentence context and the composition of the experimental list. The results indicate that Turk data correlate well between experiments and with data from traditional methods (rho up to 0.9, and they show high inter-rater consistency and agreement. We conclude that Mechanical Turk is a reliable source of data for complex linguistic tasks in heavy use by psycholinguists. The paper provides suggestions for best practices in data collection and scrubbing.

  9. Pärnu maantee äärde kerkib vaikuse oaas kunstiõppureile / Mari Peegel ; kommenteerib Veronika Valk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Peegel, Mari, 1978-

    2011-01-01

    Tallinna Muusikakeskkooli, Georg Otsa nimelise Tallinna Muusikakooli ja Tallinna Balletikooli ühishoone arhitektuurikonkursi võitis Austria firma Atelier Thomas Pucher ZT GmbH töö "Vaikuse aed". Kommenteerib žürii liige Veronika Valk

  10. Running experiments on Amazon Mechanical Turk

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    G. Paolacci (Gabriele); J. Chandler (Jesse); P.G. Ipeirotis (Panagiotis)

    2010-01-01

    textabstractAlthough Mechanical Turk has recently become popular among social scientists as a source of experimental data, doubts may linger about the quality of data provided by subjects recruited from online labor markets. We address these potential concerns by presenting new demographic data

  11. The Rise of Basic Research at tha Bell Labs: Young Turks and Younger Turks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Philip

    2004-03-01

    ABSTRACT Even before World War II, a certain amount of fundamental physics research came out of the Bell Labs. Already in the 20's, before the Labs were five years old, the discoveries of electron diffraction by Davisson and Germer, and of thermal noise by Johnson and Nyquist, had come as byproducts of wide-ranging technological studies. By the late '30's, there was a small group of broadly-trained scientists who formed a nucleus around which the "young turks" in management --J B Fisk, M J Kelly, W Shockley, perhaps others--formed the postwar physical research department, comprising at first perhaps 50 people with a mandate to do exploratory but "relevant" research. This talk will diiscuss how some of the generation of postwar hires, with the cooperation of enlightened managers like W O Baker and A H White, further tested and enlarged their freedom to do basic, curiosity-driven research in an academic atmosphere. I call this group, consisting of individuals like B T Matthias, G H Wannier, R G Shulman, P A Wolff, myself , and a number of others, the "younger Turks".

  12. Images of Turks in the Works of Lawrence Durrell

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmet Kayıntu

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This study seeks to explore the images of Turks as a non-European other in the works of Lawrence Durrell. In his works, Durrell shows how representations of cultural difference are inextricably linked to representations of sexual difference. Thus Durrell‟s Europeans are surrounded with an aura of colonial power, erotic potency, and easy penetration into the spaces of the other while Turks are represented as feminized, emasculated and humiliated. The images of the European White man and non- are dependent on the negative image of Turks, the other. In exactly the same way, Istanbul is presented as a city of decadence and decay, a place where decent human values broken down and where individuals survive by their wits ability to dodge or swindle

  13. Energy Transition Initiative, Island Energy Snapshot - Turks & Caicos (Fact Sheet)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2015-02-01

    This profile presents a snapshot of the electricity generation and reduction technologies, including solar hot water heating, available to Turks and Caicos - a British overseas territory consisting of two groups of islands located southeast of the Bahamas. Heating and transportation fuels are not addressed.

  14. Crowdsourcing Participatory Evaluation of Medical Pictograms Using Amazon Mechanical Turk

    OpenAIRE

    Yu, Bei; Willis, Matt; Sun, Peiyuan; Wang, Jun

    2013-01-01

    Background Consumer and patient participation proved to be an effective approach for medical pictogram design, but it can be costly and time-consuming. We proposed and evaluated an inexpensive approach that crowdsourced the pictogram evaluation task to Amazon Mechanical Turk (MTurk) workers, who are usually referred to as the ?turkers?. Objective To answer two research questions: (1) Is the turkers? collective effort effective for identifying design problems in medical pictograms? and (2) Do ...

  15. Online recruitment and testing of infants with Mechanical Turk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tran, Michelle; Cabral, Laura; Patel, Ronak; Cusack, Rhodri

    2017-04-01

    Testing infants in the laboratory is expensive in time and money; consequently, many studies are underpowered, reducing their reproducibility. We investigated whether the online platform, Amazon Mechanical Turk (MTurk), could be used as a resource to more easily recruit and measure the behavior of infant populations. Using a looking time paradigm, with users' webcams we recorded how long infants aged 5 to 8months attended while viewing children's television programs. We found that infants (N=57) were more reliably engaged by some movies than by others and that the most engaging movies could maintain attention for approximately 70% of a 10- to 13-min period. We then identified the cinematic features within the movies. Faces, singing-and-rhyming, and camera zooms were found to increase infant attention. Together, we established that MTurk can be used as a rapid tool for effectively recruiting and testing infants. Copyright © 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. TurkPrime.com: A versatile crowdsourcing data acquisition platform for the behavioral sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Litman, Leib; Robinson, Jonathan; Abberbock, Tzvi

    2017-04-01

    In recent years, Mechanical Turk (MTurk) has revolutionized social science by providing a way to collect behavioral data with unprecedented speed and efficiency. However, MTurk was not intended to be a research tool, and many common research tasks are difficult and time-consuming to implement as a result. TurkPrime was designed as a research platform that integrates with MTurk and supports tasks that are common to the social and behavioral sciences. Like MTurk, TurkPrime is an Internet-based platform that runs on any browser and does not require any downloads or installation. Tasks that can be implemented with TurkPrime include: excluding participants on the basis of previous participation, longitudinal studies, making changes to a study while it is running, automating the approval process, increasing the speed of data collection, sending bulk e-mails and bonuses, enhancing communication with participants, monitoring dropout and engagement rates, providing enhanced sampling options, and many others. This article describes how TurkPrime saves time and resources, improves data quality, and allows researchers to design and implement studies that were previously very difficult or impossible to carry out on MTurk. TurkPrime is designed as a research tool whose aim is to improve the quality of the crowdsourcing data collection process. Various features have been and continue to be implemented on the basis of feedback from the research community. TurkPrime is a free research platform.

  17. Effect of severe hurricanes on biorock coral reef restoration projects in Grand Turk, Turks and Caicos Islands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wells, Lucy; Perez, Fernando; Hibbert, Marlon; Clerveaux, Luc; Johnson, Jodi; Goreau, Thomas J

    2010-10-01

    Artificial reefs are often discouraged in shallow waters over concerns of storm damage to structures and surrounding habitat. Biorock coral reef restoration projects were initiated in waters around 5 m deep in Grand Turk, at Oasis (October 2006) and at Governor's Beach (November 2007). Hemi-cylindrical steel modules, 6m long were used, four modules at Oasis and six at Governor's Beach. Each project has over 1200 corals transplanted from sites with high sedimentation damage, and are regularly monitored for coral growth, mortality and fish populations. Corals show immediate growth over wires used to attach corals. Growth has been measured from photographs using a software program and is faster at Governor's Beach. After hurricanes Hanna and Ike (September 2008) the Governor's Beach structure was fully standing since the waves passed straight through with little damage, the Oasis structures which were tie-wired rather than welded had one module collapse (since been replaced with a new, welded structure). Hurricane Ike was the strongest hurricane on record to hit Grand Turk. Most cables were replaced following the hurricanes due to damage from debris and high wave action. The projects lost about a third of the corals due to hurricanes. Most of those lost had only been wired a few days before and had not yet attached themselves firmly. These projects have regenerated corals and fish populations in areas of barren sand or bedrock and are now attractive to snorkelers. High coral survival and low structural damage after hurricanes indicate that Biorock reef restoration can be effective in storm-impacted areas.

  18. Effect of severe hurricanes on Biorock Coral Reef Restoration Projects in Grand Turk, Turks and Caicos Islands

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucy Wells

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Artificial reefs are often discouraged in shallow waters over concerns of storm damage to structures and surrounding habitat. Biorock coral reef restoration projects were initiated in waters around 5m deep in Grand Turk, at Oasis (October 2006 and at Governor’s Beach (November 2007. Hemi-cylindrical steel modules, 6m long were used, four modules at Oasis and six at Governor’s Beach. Each project has over 1200 corals transplanted from sites with high sedimentation damage, and are regularly monitored for coral growth, mortality and fish populations. Corals show immediate growth over wires used to attach corals. Growth has been measured from photographs using a software program and is faster at Governor’s Beach. After hurricanes Hanna and Ike (September 2008 the Governor’s Beach structure was fully standing since the waves passed straight through with little damage, the Oasis structures which were tie-wired rather than welded had one module collapse (since been replaced with a new, welded structure. Hurricane Ike was the strongest hurricane on record to hit Grand Turk. Most cables were replaced following the hurricanes due to damage from debris and high wave action. The projects lost about a third of the corals due to hurricanes. Most of those lost had only been wired a few days before and had not yet attached themselves firmly. These projects have regenerated corals and fish populations in areas of barren sand or bedrock and are now attractive to snorkelers. High coral survival and low structural damage after hurricanes indicate that Biorock reef restoration can be effective in storm-impacted areas. Rev. Biol. Trop. 58 (Suppl. 3: 141-149. Epub 2010 October 01.

  19. psiTurk: An open-source framework for conducting replicable behavioral experiments online.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gureckis, Todd M; Martin, Jay; McDonnell, John; Rich, Alexander S; Markant, Doug; Coenen, Anna; Halpern, David; Hamrick, Jessica B; Chan, Patricia

    2016-09-01

    Online data collection has begun to revolutionize the behavioral sciences. However, conducting carefully controlled behavioral experiments online introduces a number of new of technical and scientific challenges. The project described in this paper, psiTurk, is an open-source platform which helps researchers develop experiment designs which can be conducted over the Internet. The tool primarily interfaces with Amazon's Mechanical Turk, a popular crowd-sourcing labor market. This paper describes the basic architecture of the system and introduces new users to the overall goals. psiTurk aims to reduce the technical hurdles for researchers developing online experiments while improving the transparency and collaborative nature of the behavioral sciences.

  20. Using annotations on Mechanical Turk to perform supervised polarity classification of Spanish customer comments

    OpenAIRE

    Ruiz Costa-Jussà, Marta; Grivolla, Jens; Mellebeek, Bart; Benavent, Francesc; Codina, Joan; Codina, Joan; Banchs, Rafael

    2014-01-01

    One of the major bottlenecks in the development of data-driven AI Systems is the cost of reliable human annotations. The recent advent of several crowdsourcing platforms such as Amazon’s Mechanical Turk, allowing requesters the access to affordable and rapid results of a global workforce, greatly facilitates the creation of massive training data. Most of the available studies on the effectiveness of crowdsourcing report on English data. We use Mechanical Turk annotations to train an Opinion M...

  1. Collecting response times using Amazon Mechanical Turk and Adobe Flash.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simcox, Travis; Fiez, Julie A

    2014-03-01

    Crowdsourcing systems like Amazon's Mechanical Turk (AMT) allow data to be collected from a large sample of people in a short amount of time. This use has garnered considerable interest from behavioral scientists. So far, most experiments conducted on AMT have focused on survey-type instruments because of difficulties inherent in running many experimental paradigms over the Internet. This study investigated the viability of presenting stimuli and collecting response times using Adobe Flash to run ActionScript 3 code in conjunction with AMT. First, the timing properties of Adobe Flash were investigated using a phototransistor and two desktop computers running under several conditions mimicking those that may be present in research using AMT. This experiment revealed some strengths and weaknesses of the timing capabilities of this method. Next, a flanker task and a lexical decision task implemented in Adobe Flash were administered to participants recruited with AMT. The expected effects in these tasks were replicated. Power analyses were conducted to describe the number of participants needed to replicate these effects. A questionnaire was used to investigate previously undescribed computer use habits of 100 participants on AMT. We conclude that a Flash program in conjunction with AMT can be successfully used for running many experimental paradigms that rely on response times, although experimenters must understand the limitations of the method.

  2. Using Mechanical Turk for research on cancer survivors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arch, Joanna J; Carr, Alaina L

    2017-10-01

    The successful recruitment and study of cancer survivors within psycho-oncology research can be challenging, time-consuming, and expensive, particularly for key subgroups such as young adult cancer survivors. Online crowdsourcing platforms offer a potential solution that has not yet been investigated with regard to cancer populations. The current study assessed the presence of cancer survivors on Amazon's Mechanical Turk (MTurk) and the feasibility of using MTurk as an efficient, cost-effective, and reliable psycho-oncology recruitment and research platform. During a <4-month period, cancer survivors living in the United States were recruited on MTurk to complete two assessments, spaced 1 week apart, relating to psychosocial and cancer-related functioning. The reliability and validity of responses were investigated. Within a <4-month period, 464 self-identified cancer survivors on MTurk consented to and completed an online assessment. The vast majority (79.09%) provided reliable and valid study data according to multiple indices. The sample was highly diverse in terms of U.S. geography, socioeconomic status, and cancer type, and reflected a particularly strong presence of distressed and young adult cancer survivors (median age = 36 years). A majority of participants (58.19%) responded to a second survey sent one week later. Online crowdsourcing represents a feasible, efficient, and cost-effective recruitment and research platform for cancer survivors, particularly for young adult cancer survivors and those with significant distress. We discuss remaining challenges and future recommendations. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  3. Crowdsourcing participatory evaluation of medical pictograms using Amazon Mechanical Turk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Bei; Willis, Matt; Sun, Peiyuan; Wang, Jun

    2013-06-03

    Consumer and patient participation proved to be an effective approach for medical pictogram design, but it can be costly and time-consuming. We proposed and evaluated an inexpensive approach that crowdsourced the pictogram evaluation task to Amazon Mechanical Turk (MTurk) workers, who are usually referred to as the "turkers". To answer two research questions: (1) Is the turkers' collective effort effective for identifying design problems in medical pictograms? and (2) Do the turkers' demographic characteristics affect their performance in medical pictogram comprehension? We designed a Web-based survey (open-ended tests) to ask 100 US turkers to type in their guesses of the meaning of 20 US pharmacopeial pictograms. Two judges independently coded the turkers' guesses into four categories: correct, partially correct, wrong, and completely wrong. The comprehensibility of a pictogram was measured by the percentage of correct guesses, with each partially correct guess counted as 0.5 correct. We then conducted a content analysis on the turkers' interpretations to identify misunderstandings and assess whether the misunderstandings were common. We also conducted a statistical analysis to examine the relationship between turkers' demographic characteristics and their pictogram comprehension performance. The survey was completed within 3 days of our posting the task to the MTurk, and the collected data are publicly available in the multimedia appendix for download. The comprehensibility for the 20 tested pictograms ranged from 45% to 98%, with an average of 72.5%. The comprehensibility scores of 10 pictograms were strongly correlated to the scores of the same pictograms reported in another study that used oral response-based open-ended testing with local people. The turkers' misinterpretations shared common errors that exposed design problems in the pictograms. Participant performance was positively correlated with their educational level. The results confirmed that

  4. An Overview of the Use of Mechanical Turk in Behavioral Sciences: Implications for Social Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Chitat; Holosko, Michael J.

    2016-01-01

    Crowdsourcing is a process in which a firm parcels out work to a "crowd" and offers payment for anyone within the crowd who completes the task determined by that firm. A growing number of behavioral scientists have begun using the Mechanical Turk (MTurk) to facilitate their research and practice, but there is apparently not one academic…

  5. Meskhetian Turks in Fourth Land: Identity and Socio-economic Integration into American Society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Musa YAVUZ ALPTEKIN

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This study examines the socio-cultural life in the new land and integration processes into the host community of the 75 Meskhetian Turkish households resettled in Denver, Colorado. The traditional homeland of the Meskhetian Turks, as one of the dozens, if not hundreds, immigrant communities living the U.S.A., is Akhaltsikhe, a district in the region Samtskhe-Javakheti within the borders of the modern-day Georgia. In 1944, the Meskhetian Turks were forcibly removed from their homeland and exiled en masse to various countries in Central Asia by the Soviet Union. A significant part of those resettled in Uzbekistan were transferred to the city of Krasnodar in Russia, after the Ferghana Events of 1989. In 2004, due to the conditions of resettlement, 12,500 Meskhetian Turks immigrated to the U.S, under a refugee program, and dispersed throughout 26 states. Using the methods such as surveys, in-depth interviews and participant observation with an integrated approach, this study examined the family and community social structure of the Meskhetian Turks currently living intensively in Denver, Colorado. The study illustrated their cultural aspects, and tried to identify the present day of the process of integration into the U.S. society, as well as to envisage the probable future of this integration.

  6. Out-group trust and conflict understandings: The perspective of Turks and Kurds in Turkey

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Çelebi, Elif; Verkuijten, Maykel|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/073378542; Köse, Talha; Maliepaard, Mieke|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/313869278

    2014-01-01

    Conflict reconciliation is difficult in the absence of out-group trust. The current study is concerned with the prolonged Turkish-Kurdish conflict in Turkey and examines out-group trust among both ethnic Kurds and ethnic Turks, in relation to perceptions and interpretations of the conflict (i.e.

  7. Young Turk social engineering : mass violence and the nation state in eastern Turkey, 1913-1950

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Üngör, U.U.

    2009-01-01

    For ages, the eastern provinces of the Ottoman Empire had been a multi-ethnic region, where Armenians, Kurds, Syriacs, Turks and Arabs lived together in the same villages and cities. The disintegration of the Ottoman Empire and rise of the nation state would violently alter this situation, as

  8. Turking Statistics: Student-Generated Surveys Increase Student Engagement and Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitley, Cameron T.; Dietz, Thomas

    2018-01-01

    Thirty years ago, Hubert M. Blalock Jr. published an article in "Teaching Sociology" about the importance of teaching statistics. We honor Blalock's legacy by assessing how using Amazon Mechanical Turk (MTurk) in statistics classes can enhance student learning and increase statistical literacy among social science gradaute students. In…

  9. Design Strategies for Efficient Access to Mobile Device Users via Amazon Mechanical Turk

    OpenAIRE

    Jacques, Jason; Kristensson, Per Ola

    2017-01-01

    It is often challenging to access a pool of mobile device users and instruct them to perform an interactive task. Yet such data is often vital to provide design insight at various stages of the design process of a mobile application, service or system. We propose accessing a pool of mobile device users via the microtask market Amazon Mechanical Turk (MTurk). While mobile device users are still a minority on MTurk, they provide unique opportunities for requesters. Not only does catering to mob...

  10. The Opportunities and Limitations of Using Mechanical Turk (MTurk) in Public Administration and Management Scholarship

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stritch, Justin Michael; Pedersen, Mogens Jin; Taggert, Gabel

    2017-01-01

    Other social science fields are increasingly conducting research using Amazon’s Mechanical Turk (MTurk)—an online crowdsourcing platform—but how might MTurk be useful to public administration and management research? This article provides an introduction of the platform and considers both...... the opportunities and limitations for using MTurk in public administration and management scholarship. We find that MTurk might be relevant for examining particular types of research questions. We identify five areas where MTurk data may complement and enhance public administration and management research: (1...

  11. Beating the Turkish hollow in the struggle for existence: Darwin, social Darwinism and the Turks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bilgili, Alper

    2017-10-01

    Despite the vast literature on Darwinism and race, the way in which Darwin's opinions on race were received and used by non-Western circles has been little studied. In the case of the Turks, Darwin's comments have been related to British-Ottoman relations, and Darwin was blamed for stoking anti-Turkish sentiment within Europe. This allegedly resulted in the British occupation of Egypt in the 19th century, the demise of the Ottoman Empire, as well as contemporary Neo-Nazi arson attacks in Germany which targeted Turkish migrants. Consequently, Turkish anti-Darwinists perceive Darwinism to be not merely a false scientific theory, but also a political-ideological instrument of Western hegemony wielded against Turkey and the Islamic World. Turkish Darwinists who responded to those claims, on the other hand, presented Darwin as an egalitarian who could overcome the prejudices of his social class. Further scrutiny, however, proves both accounts to be over-simplistic. This paper aims to throw some light on the context within which Darwin expressed his opinions on Turks and thus contribute to the broader discussion of the relationship between Darwinism and race. More importantly, it aims to familiarise Western readers with one of the cultures of creationism which is very little known, despite its great impact on Muslim masses. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Het beste van beide werelden: Succesfactoren van Turks-Nederlandse innovatieve ondernemers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gürkan Çelik

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The Best of Both Worlds: Success factors of Turkish-Dutch innovative entrepreneurs In recent years, a number of countries, among them the Netherlands, attach great importance to stimulating the economic development in the country, by promoting entrepreneurship in general and within the ethnic and cultural entrepreneurial groups in particular. Innovation is generally the result of an interactive process involving synergy between the diverse backgrounds and characteristics. Based on a qualitative research, this article provides an overview of insights in the critical success factors of Turkish-Dutch innovative entrepreneurs in the Netherlands. The success factors of ethnic entrepreneurs are approached in this study from three different dimensions: individual factors, social factors, and environmental factors. The individual factors are presented as personality traits and personal motivations. The social factors are discussed from the perspective of social networks, socio-cultural and socio-economic characteristics. As for environmental factors, they are divided into regional characteristics as well as the availability of resources and the presence of opportunities. Turkish-Dutch entrepreneurs, also called “ethnic entrepreneurs”, appear proficient in linking different innovation opportunities to their own strengths. They are operating better in both worlds, and are successfully navigating between the two cultures. This article also formulates several suggestions for the Dutch government, business world and educational institutions to stimulate innovation. Het beste van beide werelden: Succesfactoren van Turks-Nederlandse innovatieve ondernemers De laatste jaren hechten vele landen, onder andere Nederland, er groot belang aan om de economische ontwikkelingen op een hoger niveau te tillen door ondernemerschap in het algemeen, en binnen de etnische en culturele groepen in het bijzonder, te stimuleren. Innovatie is een gevolg van een interactief

  13. Gender-role behavior of second-generation Turks: The role of partner choice, gender ideology and societal context

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huschek, D.; de Valk, H.A.G.; Liefbroer, A.C.

    2011-01-01

    This study explores and compares gender-role behavior of second-generation Turks in six European countries. On the individual level, we study the role of gender ideology and consequences of (transnational) partner choice on four aspects of gender-role behavior; childcare, routine household tasks,

  14. Gender-role behavior of second-generation Turks: the role of partner choice, gender ideology and societal context

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huschek, D.; de Valk, H.A.G.; Liefbroer, A.C.

    2011-01-01

    This study explores and compares gender-role behavior of second-generation Turks in six European countries. On the individual level, we study the role of gender ideology and consequences of (transnational) partner choice on four aspects of gender-role behavior; childcare, routine household tasks,

  15. Comparisons of Online Recruitment Strategies for Convenience Samples: Craigslist, Google AdWords, Facebook, and Amazon Mechanical Turk

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antoun, Christopher; Zhang, Chan; Conrad, Frederick G.; Schober, Michael F.

    2016-01-01

    The rise of social media websites (e.g., Facebook) and online services such as Google AdWords and Amazon Mechanical Turk (MTurk) offers new opportunities for researchers to recruit study participants. Although researchers have started to use these emerging methods, little is known about how they perform in terms of cost efficiency and, more…

  16. USERS EVALUATIONS ABOUT E-SERVICE QUALITY OF INTERNET BANKING: KUVEYT TURK SAMPLE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Ulvi İşler

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available After rising the proportion of services sector in the economies of the countries, the need for quality measurement studies in services increased. Because internet banking, that began in 90’s, has a lot of advantages for banks and customers, it developed rapidly and a lot of banking services could be done in this new distribution channel. So, it is a requirement to measure of service qualities for internet banking distribution channel. In this study, it was tried to understand users thoughts about service quality in internet banking area. Practice study was done in internet banking users of Kuveyt Turk Participation Bank. Study results show that how the electronic banking services are perceived by users and what users expect from internet banking services.

  17. Crowdsourcing awareness: exploration of the ovarian cancer knowledge gap through Amazon Mechanical Turk.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebecca R Carter

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer is the most lethal gynecologic disease in the United States, with more women dying from this cancer than all gynecological cancers combined. Ovarian cancer has been termed the "silent killer" because some patients do not show clear symptoms at an early stage. Currently, there is a lack of approved and effective early diagnostic tools for ovarian cancer. There is also an apparent severe knowledge gap of ovarian cancer in general and of its indicative symptoms among both public and many health professionals. These factors have significantly contributed to the late stage diagnosis of most ovarian cancer patients (63% are diagnosed at Stage III or above, where the 5-year survival rate is less than 30%. The paucity of knowledge concerning ovarian cancer in the United States is unknown. METHODS: The present investigation examined current public awareness and knowledge about ovarian cancer. The study implemented design strategies to develop an unbiased survey with quality control measures, including the modern application of multiple statistical analyses. The survey assessed a reasonable proxy of the US population by crowdsourcing participants through the online task marketplace Amazon Mechanical Turk, at a highly condensed rate of cost and time compared to traditional recruitment methods. CONCLUSION: Knowledge of ovarian cancer was compared to that of breast cancer using repeated measures, bias control and other quality control measures in the survey design. Analyses included multinomial logistic regression and categorical data analysis procedures such as correspondence analysis, among other statistics. We confirmed the relatively poor public knowledge of ovarian cancer among the US population. The simple, yet novel design should set an example for designing surveys to obtain quality data via Amazon Mechanical Turk with the associated analyses.

  18. Crowdsourcing awareness: exploration of the ovarian cancer knowledge gap through Amazon Mechanical Turk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carter, Rebecca R; DiFeo, Analisa; Bogie, Kath; Zhang, Guo-Qiang; Sun, Jiayang

    2014-01-01

    Ovarian cancer is the most lethal gynecologic disease in the United States, with more women dying from this cancer than all gynecological cancers combined. Ovarian cancer has been termed the "silent killer" because some patients do not show clear symptoms at an early stage. Currently, there is a lack of approved and effective early diagnostic tools for ovarian cancer. There is also an apparent severe knowledge gap of ovarian cancer in general and of its indicative symptoms among both public and many health professionals. These factors have significantly contributed to the late stage diagnosis of most ovarian cancer patients (63% are diagnosed at Stage III or above), where the 5-year survival rate is less than 30%. The paucity of knowledge concerning ovarian cancer in the United States is unknown. The present investigation examined current public awareness and knowledge about ovarian cancer. The study implemented design strategies to develop an unbiased survey with quality control measures, including the modern application of multiple statistical analyses. The survey assessed a reasonable proxy of the US population by crowdsourcing participants through the online task marketplace Amazon Mechanical Turk, at a highly condensed rate of cost and time compared to traditional recruitment methods. Knowledge of ovarian cancer was compared to that of breast cancer using repeated measures, bias control and other quality control measures in the survey design. Analyses included multinomial logistic regression and categorical data analysis procedures such as correspondence analysis, among other statistics. We confirmed the relatively poor public knowledge of ovarian cancer among the US population. The simple, yet novel design should set an example for designing surveys to obtain quality data via Amazon Mechanical Turk with the associated analyses.

  19. Comparing Amazon Mechanical Turk with unpaid internet resources in online clinical trials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Bunge

    2018-06-01

    Full Text Available Internet interventions face significant challenges in recruitment and attrition rates are typically high and problematic. Finding innovative yet scientifically valid avenues for attaining and retaining participants is therefore of considerable importance. The main goal of this study was to compare recruitment process and participants characteristics between two similar randomized control trials of mood management interventions. One of the trials (Bunge et al., 2016 was conducted with participants recruited from Amazon's Mechanical Turk (AMT, and the other trial recruited via Unpaid Internet Resources (UIR. Methods: The AMT sample (Bunge et al., 2016 consisted of 765 adults, and the UIR sample (recruited specifically for this study consisted of 329 adult US residents. Participants' levels of depression, anxiety, confidence, motivation, and perceived usefulness of the intervention were assessed. The AMT sample was financially compensated whereas the UIR was not. Results: AMT yielded higher recruitment rates per month (p < .05. At baseline, the AMT sample reported significantly lower depression and anxiety scores (p < .001 and p < .005, respectively and significantly higher mood, motivation, and confidence (all p < .001 compared to the UIR sample. AMT participants spent significantly less time on the site (p < .05 and were more likely to complete follow-ups than the UIR sample (p < .05. Both samples reported a significant increase in their level of confidence and motivation from pre- to post-intervention. AMT participants showed a significant increase in perceived usefulness of the intervention (p < .0001, whereas the UIR sample did not (p = .1642. Conclusions: By using AMT, researchers can recruit very rapidly and obtain higher retention rates; however, these participants may not be representative of the general online population interested in clinical interventions. Considering that AMT and UIR participants

  20. European Citizenship and Youth in Bulgaria: A Qualitative Comparative Analysis between Bulgarians and Bulgarian Turks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gianfranco Brusaporci

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available European citizenship is a new concept, which has evolved with the process of European integration. Starting from the younger generations, the EU seeks to establish a modern and innovative view of citizenship through three fundamental elements - rights, identity and participation - that could lead to new ways of conceiving the relationship of institutions-citizens and citizenscitizens. The idea of European citizenship tends to overcome the historical idea of national states and national identity. It does this by reinforcing its supranational nature and developing an attitude of tolerance towards diversity and human/minority rights. Thus, to verify the impact European citizenship has on the younger generation in Bulgaria, this research is based on an inter-ethnic sample of 30 interviews (16 Bulgarians, 14 Bulgarian Turks and applies a qualitative comparative analysis method. This research seeks to answer these two main questions: 1 How do young Bulgarians perceive the concept of EU citizenship? 2 How do young Bulgarians perceive the new European citizenship in regard to the inter-ethnic relations in their own country? The study suggests that the EU’s attempt to promote European citizenship is underachieving. On the one hand, young Bulgarian people tend to be well exposed to European citizenship, irrespective of their ethnic belonging. On the other hand, the majority of them are sceptical of the tangible value of European citizenship for the reinforcement of a more encompassing and shared notion of diversity and minority rights.

  1. Are samples drawn from Mechanical Turk valid for research on political ideology?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Scott Clifford

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Amazon’s Mechanical Turk (MTurk is an increasingly popular tool for the recruitment of research subjects. While there has been much focus on the demographic differences between MTurk samples and the national public, we know little about whether liberals and conservatives recruited from MTurk share the same psychological dispositions as their counterparts in the mass public. In the absence of such evidence, some have argued that the selection process involved in joining MTurk invalidates the subject pool for studying questions central to political science. In this paper, we evaluate this claim by comparing a large MTurk sample to two benchmark national samples – one conducted online and one conducted face-to-face. We examine the personality and value-based motivations of political ideology across the three samples. All three samples produce substantively identical results with only minor variation in effect sizes. In short, liberals and conservatives in our MTurk sample closely mirror the psychological divisions of liberals and conservatives in the mass public, though MTurk liberals hold more characteristically liberal values and attitudes than liberals from representative samples. Overall, our results suggest that MTurk is a valid recruitment tool for psychological research on political ideology.

  2. Evaluating Amazon's Mechanical Turk as a tool for experimental behavioral research.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew J C Crump

    Full Text Available Amazon Mechanical Turk (AMT is an online crowdsourcing service where anonymous online workers complete web-based tasks for small sums of money. The service has attracted attention from experimental psychologists interested in gathering human subject data more efficiently. However, relative to traditional laboratory studies, many aspects of the testing environment are not under the experimenter's control. In this paper, we attempt to empirically evaluate the fidelity of the AMT system for use in cognitive behavioral experiments. These types of experiment differ from simple surveys in that they require multiple trials, sustained attention from participants, comprehension of complex instructions, and millisecond accuracy for response recording and stimulus presentation. We replicate a diverse body of tasks from experimental psychology including the Stroop, Switching, Flanker, Simon, Posner Cuing, attentional blink, subliminal priming, and category learning tasks using participants recruited using AMT. While most of replications were qualitatively successful and validated the approach of collecting data anonymously online using a web-browser, others revealed disparity between laboratory results and online results. A number of important lessons were encountered in the process of conducting these replications that should be of value to other researchers.

  3. Anchoring in Destination-Therapy Left Ventricular Assist Device Decision Making: A Mechanical Turk Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paine, Arcadia M; Allen, Larry A; Thompson, Jocelyn S; McIlvennan, Colleen K; Jenkins, Amy; Hammes, Andrew; Kroehl, Miranda; Matlock, Daniel D

    2016-11-01

    People with end-stage heart failure may have to decide about destination-therapy left ventricular assist device (DT-LVAD). Individuals facing difficult decisions often rely on heuristics, such as anchoring, which predictably bias decision outcomes. We aimed to investigate whether showing a larger historical Heartmate XVE creates an anchoring effect, making the smaller Heartmate II (HMII) appear more favorable. With the use of Amazon Mechanical Turk, participants watched videos asking them to imagine themselves dying of end-stage heart failure, then were presented the option of LVAD as potentially life-prolonging therapy. Participants were randomized to a control group who were only shown the HMII device, and the intervention group who saw the XVE device before the HMII. Participants then completed surveys. A total of 487 participants completed the survey (control = 252; intervention = 235); 79% were affect likelihood of accepting the LVAD, it did affect device perception. This article highlights an important point with clinical implications: factors such as anchoring have the potential to inappropriately influence perceptions and decisions and should be carefully considered in research and practice. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. TOPONYMIC LEGENDS OF KAZAKH TURKS KAZAK TÜRKLERİNİN TOPONOMİK EFSANELERİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyfullah YILDIRIM

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Throughout history humans have always made up some thoughts and theories when they haven’t been able to understand what is going around in external world. In this process of defining and recognition some ideas about the origin, creation and composition of the world were developed. This course of thinking ended up with the formation of oral literature. One of the genres of this literature is myth. Legends are short narratives that are believed to be true, that have no stylistic features and that have educational aspects to give moral messages. They dictate us about the consequences of our inappropriate behaviors. Kazakh Turks name the term “legend” with the words “aŋız”, “äpsana” or “hikayat”. The academicians, although some of them offer some different classifications, generally classify the legends of Kazakh Turks under two topics as historical and toponymic legends. This paper examines twenty toponymic legends that were created to explain the names of regional places and places of water. Thus it is aimed to clarify the importance of these legends in Turkish culture and mythology. İnsan dış dünyayı tanıma ve tanımlama sürecinde çaresiz kaldığı durumlarda çevresini kendisine göre düşünüp değerlendirerek yapı, köken ve oluşumla ilgili birtakım düşünceler geliştirmiştir. Zamanla değişen ve gelişen bu düşünce serüveni sözlü türlerin oluşmasını sağlamıştır. İşte bizim yaşadığımız dünyayı tanımlama ve anlamlandırma sürecimizin ürünü olan türlerden birisi de efsanedir. Kısa, üslup özelliklerinden yoksun, gerçek olduğuna inanılan, terbiyevîkarakterdeki anlatmalardır ve bize davranışlarımızın sonucuyla ilgili olarak birtakım çıkarımlarda bulunur. İnceleme konusu olarak ele alınan Kazak Türklerinde efsane kavramı genel olarak “aŋız”, “äpsana” ve “hikayat” gibi kavramlarla ifade edilir. Kazak Türklerinin efsaneleriyle ilgili

  5. Femoral cartilage thickness measurements in healthy individuals: learning, practicing and publishing with TURK-MUSCULUS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Özçakar, Levent; Tunç, Hakan; Öken, Öznur; Ünlü, Zeliha; Durmuş, Bekir; Baysal, Özlem; Altay, Zuhal; Tok, Fatih; Akkaya, Nuray; Doğu, Beril; Çapkın, Erhan; Bardak, Ayşenur; Çarlı, Alparslan Bayram; Buğdaycı, Derya; Toktaş, Hasan; Dıraçoğlu, Demirhan; Gündüz, Berrin; Erhan, Belgin; Kocabaş, Hilal; Erden, Gül; Günendi, Zafer; Kesikburun, Serdar; Omaç, Özlem Köroğlu; Taşkaynatan, Mehmet Ali; Şenel, Kazım; Uğur, Mahir; Yalçınkaya, Ebru Yılmaz; Öneş, Kadriye; Atan, Çiğdem; Akgün, Kenan; Bilgici, Ayhan; Kuru, Ömer; Özgöçmen, Salih

    2014-01-01

    Measurement of the femoral cartilage thickness by using in-vivo musculoskeletal ultrasonography (MSUS) has been previously shown to be a valid and reliable method in previous studies; however, to our best notice, normative data has not been provided before in the healthy population.The aim of our study was to provide normative data regarding femoral cartilage thicknesses of healthy individuals with collaborative use of MSUS. This is across-sectional study run at Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Departments of 18 Secondary and Tertiary Centers in Turkey. 1544 healthy volunteers (aged between 25-40 years) were recruited within the collaboration of TURK-MUSCULUS (Turkish Musculoskeletal Ultrasonography Study Group). Subjects who had a body mass index value of less than 30 and who did not have signs and symptoms of any degenerative/inflammatory arthritis or other rheumatic diseases, history of knee trauma and previous knee surgery were enrolled. Ultrasonographic measurements were performed axially from the suprapatellar window by using linear probes while subjects' knees were in maximum flexion. Three (mid-point) measurements were taken from both knees (lateral condyle, intercondylar area, medial condyle). A total of 2876 knees (of 817 M, 621 F subjects) were taken into analysis after exclusion of inappropriate images. Mean cartilage thicknesses were significantly lower in females than males (all p< 0.001). Thickness values negatively correlated with age; negatively (females) and positively (males) correlated with smoking. Men who regularly exercised had thicker cartilage than who did not exercise (all p < 0.05). Increased age (in both sexes) and absence of exercise (males) were found to be risk factors for decreased cartilage thicknesses. Further data pertaining to other countries would be interesting to uncover whether ethnic differences also affect cartilage thickness. Collaborative use of MSUS seems to be promising in this regard.

  6. BULGARIAN STATE AND THE TURKS (1878-1908 / BULGARİSTAN EMARETİ VE TÜRKLER (1878–1908

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Assoc. Prof. Dr. Osman KÖSE

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Bulgaria emerged as an independent state in the Berlin treaty, which was signed after the 1877-1878 Ottoman-Russian war. After this, the Bulgarian administration began an anti-Muslim massacre campaign, like the Russians did before.The main aim of this article is to investigate the pressure, violence and massacres against the Muslim-Turks, organised by the Bulgarian gangs and the official administration. It is also proposed that the emigration of the Muslim-Turkish population began after this policy of violence.

  7. U.S. Residential Miscellaneous Refrigeration Products: Results from Amazon Mechanical Turk Surveys

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Greenblatt, Jeffery B.; Young, Scott J.; Yang, Hung-Chia; Long, Timothy; Beraki, Bereket; Price, Sarah K.; Pratt, Stacy; Willem, Henry; Desroches, Louis-Benoit

    2013-11-14

    Amazon Mechanical Turk was used, for the first time, to collect statistically representative survey data from U.S. households on the presence, number, type and usage of refrigerators, freezers, and various “miscellaneous” refrigeration products (wine/beverage coolers, residential icemakers and non-vapor compression refrigerators and freezers), along with household and demographic information. Such products have been poorly studied to date, with almost no information available about shipments, stocks, capacities, energy use, etc. A total of 9,981 clean survey responses were obtained from five distinct surveys deployed in 2012. General refrigeration product survey responses were weighted to demographics in the U.S. Energy Information Administration’s Residential Energy Consumption Survey 2009 dataset. Miscellaneous refrigeration product survey responses were weighted according to demographics of product ownership found in the general refrigeration product surveys. Model number matching for a portion of miscellaneous refrigeration product responses allowed validation of refrigeration product characteristics, which enabled more accurate estimates of the penetrations of these products in U.S. households. We estimated that there were 12.3±1.0 million wine/beverage coolers, 5.5(–3.5,+3.2) million residential icemakers and 4.4(–2.7,+2.3) million non-vapor compression refrigerators in U.S. households in 2012. (All numerical results are expressed with ranges indicating the 95% confidence interval.) No evidence was found for the existence of non-vapor compression freezers. Moreover, we found that 15% of wine/beverage coolers used vapor compression cooling technology, while 85% used thermoelectric cooling technology, with the vast majority of thermoelectric units having capacities of less than 30 wine bottles (approximately 3.5 cubic feet). No evidence was found for the existence of wine/beverage coolers with absorption cooling technology. Additionally, we estimated

  8. U.S. Residential Miscellaneous Refrigeration Products: Results from Amazon Mechanical Turk Surveys

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Greenblatt, Jeffery B. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Young, Scott J. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Yang, Hung-Chia [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Long, Timothy [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Beraki, Bereket [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Price, Sarah K. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Pratt, Stacy [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Willem, Henry [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Desroches, Louis-Benoit [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)

    2013-04-01

    Amazon Mechanical Turk was used, for the first time, to collect statistically representative survey data from U.S. households on the presence, number, type and usage of refrigerators, freezers, and various “miscellaneous” refrigeration products (wine/beverage coolers, residential icemakers and non-vapor compression refrigerators and freezers), along with household and demographic information. Such products have been poorly studied to date, with almost no information available about shipments, stocks, capacities, energy use, etc. A total of 9,820 clean survey responses were obtained from four distinct surveys deployed in 2012. General refrigeration product survey responses were weighted to demographics in the U.S. Energy Information Administration’s Residential Energy Consumption Survey 2009 dataset. Miscellaneous refrigeration product survey responses were weighted according to demographics of product ownership found in the general refrigeration product surveys. Model number matching for a portion of miscellaneous refrigeration product responses allowed validation of refrigeration product characteristics, which enabled more accurate estimates of the penetrations of these products in U.S. households. We estimated that there were 12.3±1.0 million wine/beverage coolers, 5.5(–3.5,+3.2) million residential icemakers and 2.9(–2.5,+4.5) million non-vapor compression refrigerators in U.S. households in 2012. (All numerical results are expressed with ranges indicating the 95% confidence interval.) No evidence was found for the existence of non-vapor compression freezers. Moreover, we found that 15% of wine/beverage coolers used vapor compression cooling technology, while 85% used thermoelectric cooling technology, with the vast majority of thermoelectric units having capacities of less than 30 wine bottles (approximately 3.5 cubic feet). No evidence was found for the existence of wine/beverage coolers with absorption cooling technology. Additionally, we estimated

  9. "Go, Go on and Go Higher an' Higher". Second-Generation Turks' Understanding of the Role of Education and Their Struggle through the Dutch School System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pasztor, Adel

    2010-01-01

    With reference to capital theories and rational choice theory, this paper aims to understand how abilities and schooling ambitions are intertwined with social class, gender and ethnicity. By drawing on 16 in-depth interviews carried out with highly educated second-generation Turks in the Netherlands, the paper discusses the resources,…

  10. Institutional analysis of marine reserves and fisheries governance policy experiments : a case study of Nassau grouper conservation in the Turks and Caicos Islands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rudd, M.A.

    2003-01-01

    Keywords: Ecosystem-based fisheries management; marine reserves; marine protected areas; social capital; institutional analysis; Turks and Caicos Islands; Nassau grouper Many tropical fisheries around the world are in crisis because of the depletion of valuable reef species and the destruction of

  11. Patterns of growth and mortality in the endangered Nichol's Turk's Head Cactus (Echinocactus horizonthalonius var. nicholii L. Benson; Cactaceae) in Southeastern Arizona

    Science.gov (United States)

    M. E. McIntosh; L. A. McDade; A. E. Boyd; P. D. Jenkins

    2007-01-01

    Nichol’s Turk’s Head Cactus (Echinocactus horizonthalonius var. nicholii L. Benson; Cactaceae) occurs in a few isolated populations in the Sonoran desert of southcentral Arizona (Pima and Pinal counties). The populations of this variety are disjunct from the more widespread variety that occurs in the Chihuahuan desert of Texas and...

  12. Comparing Amazon's Mechanical Turk Platform to Conventional Data Collection Methods in the Health and Medical Research Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mortensen, Karoline; Hughes, Taylor L

    2018-04-01

    The goal of this article is to conduct an assessment of the peer-reviewed primary literature with study objectives to analyze Amazon.com 's Mechanical Turk (MTurk) as a research tool in a health services research and medical context. Searches of Google Scholar and PubMed databases were conducted in February 2017. We screened article titles and abstracts to identify relevant articles that compare data from MTurk samples in a health and medical context to another sample, expert opinion, or other gold standard. Full-text manuscript reviews were conducted for the 35 articles that met the study criteria. The vast majority of the studies supported the use of MTurk for a variety of academic purposes. The literature overwhelmingly concludes that MTurk is an efficient, reliable, cost-effective tool for generating sample responses that are largely comparable to those collected via more conventional means. Caveats include survey responses may not be generalizable to the US population.

  13. Characteristics of personal health information management groups: findings from an online survey using Amazon's mTurk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Sujin; Huber, Jeffrey T

    2017-10-01

    The study characterized three groups with different levels of familiarity with personal health information management (PHIM) in terms of their demographics, health knowledge, technological competency, and information sources and barriers. In addition, the authors examined differences among PHIM groups in subjective self-ratings and objective test scores for health literacy. A total of 202 survey participants were recruited using Amazon's Mechanical Turk (mTurk) service, a crowdsourcing Internet service. Using K-means clustering, three groups with differing levels of familiarity with PHIM were formed: Advanced, Intermediate, and Basic. The Advanced group was the youngest, and the Basic group contained the highest proportion of males, whereas the Intermediate group was the oldest and contained the fewest males. The Advanced group was significantly more likely to engage in provider- or hospital-initiated PHIM activities such as emailing with providers, viewing test results online, and receiving summaries of hospital visits via email or websites than the other groups. The Basic group had significantly lower information management skills and Internet use than the other groups. Advanced and Basic groups reported significant differences in several information barriers. While the Advanced group self-reported the highest general literacy, they scored lowest on an objective health literacy test. For effective personal health records management, it is critical to understand individual differences in PHIM using a comprehensive measure designed to assess personal health records-specific activities. Because they are trained to perform an array of information management activities, medical librarians or patient educators are well positioned to promote the effective use of personal health records by health consumers.

  14. A cross-cultural comparison of folk plant uses among Albanians, Bosniaks, Gorani and Turks living in south Kosovo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mustafa, Behxhet; Hajdari, Avni; Pieroni, Andrea; Pulaj, Bledar; Koro, Xhemajli; Quave, Cassandra L

    2015-05-12

    Kosovo represents a unique hotspot of biological and cultural diversity in Europe, which allows for interesting cross-cultural ethnobotanical studies. The aims of this study were twofold: 1) to document the state of traditional knowledge related to local (esp. wild) plant uses for food, medicine, and handicrafts in south Kosovo; and 2) to examine how communities of different ethnic groups in the region (Albanians, Bosniaks/Gorani, and Turks) relate to and value wild botanical taxa in their ecosystem. Field research was conducted in 10 villages belonging to the Prizren municipality and 4 villages belonging to the Dragash municipality, located in the Sharr Mountains in the southern part of Kosovo. Snowball sampling techniques were used to recruit 139 elderly informants (61 Albanians, 32 Bosniaks/Gorani and 46 Turks), for participation in semi-structured interviews regarding the use of the local flora for medicinal, food, and handicraft purposes. Overall, we recorded the local uses of 114 species were used for medicinal purposes, 29 for food (wild food plants), and 20 in handicraft activities. The most important species used for medicinal purposes were Achillea millefolium L., Sambucus nigra L., Urtica dioica L., Tilia platyphyllos Scop. Hypericum perforatum L., Chamomilla recutita (L.) Rauschert, Thymus serpyllum L. and Vaccinium myrtillus L. Chamomilla recutita was the most highly valued of these species across the populations surveyed. Out of 114 taxa used for medicinal purposes, only 44 species are also included in the European Pharmacopoeia. The predominantly quoted botanical families were Rosaceae, Asteraceae, and Lamiaceae. Comparison of the data recorded among the Albanian, Bosniak/Gorani, and Turkish communities indicated a less herbophilic attitude of the Albanian populations, while most quoted taxa were quoted by all three communities, thus suggesting a hybrid character of the Kosovar plant knowledge. Cross-cultural ethnobiological studies are crucial in

  15. Culture-general and -specific associations of attachment avoidance and anxiety with perceived parental warmth and psychological control among Turk and Belgian adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Güngör, Derya; Bornstein, Marc H

    2010-10-01

    Both the adolescent peer attachment and perceived parenting style literatures emphasize the role of the quality of the parent-child relationship in children's healthy adjustment beyond the family, but few studies have investigated links between adolescents' peer attachment and perceptions of parenting. We investigate relations of adolescents' perceptions of warmth and psychological control from parents with avoidance and anxiety in attachment to close friends in two contrasting cultures. Altogether, 262 Turk and 263 Belgian youth between 14 and 18 years of age participated. Cross-culturally, attachment avoidance was negatively related to maternal warmth, and attachment anxiety positively related to maternal and paternal control and negatively to paternal warmth. Beyond these general relations, attachment avoidance was associated with paternal psychological control in Belgians but not in Turks. The study provides cross-cultural evidence for specific relations between peer attachment and perceived parenting and suggests a culture-specific pathway for the development of attachment avoidance.

  16. Comparing the similarity of responses received from studies in Amazon's Mechanical Turk to studies conducted online and with direct recruitment.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christoph Bartneck

    Full Text Available Computer and internet based questionnaires have become a standard tool in Human-Computer Interaction research and other related fields, such as psychology and sociology. Amazon's Mechanical Turk (AMT service is a new method of recruiting participants and conducting certain types of experiments. This study compares whether participants recruited through AMT give different responses than participants recruited through an online forum or recruited directly on a university campus. Moreover, we compare whether a study conducted within AMT results in different responses compared to a study for which participants are recruited through AMT but which is conducted using an external online questionnaire service. The results of this study show that there is a statistical difference between results obtained from participants recruited through AMT compared to the results from the participant recruited on campus or through online forums. We do, however, argue that this difference is so small that it has no practical consequence. There was no significant difference between running the study within AMT compared to running it with an online questionnaire service. There was no significant difference between results obtained directly from within AMT compared to results obtained in the campus and online forum condition. This may suggest that AMT is a viable and economical option for recruiting participants and for conducting studies as setting up and running a study with AMT generally requires less effort and time compared to other frequently used methods. We discuss our findings as well as limitations of using AMT for empirical studies.

  17. Comparing the similarity of responses received from studies in Amazon's Mechanical Turk to studies conducted online and with direct recruitment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartneck, Christoph; Duenser, Andreas; Moltchanova, Elena; Zawieska, Karolina

    2015-01-01

    Computer and internet based questionnaires have become a standard tool in Human-Computer Interaction research and other related fields, such as psychology and sociology. Amazon's Mechanical Turk (AMT) service is a new method of recruiting participants and conducting certain types of experiments. This study compares whether participants recruited through AMT give different responses than participants recruited through an online forum or recruited directly on a university campus. Moreover, we compare whether a study conducted within AMT results in different responses compared to a study for which participants are recruited through AMT but which is conducted using an external online questionnaire service. The results of this study show that there is a statistical difference between results obtained from participants recruited through AMT compared to the results from the participant recruited on campus or through online forums. We do, however, argue that this difference is so small that it has no practical consequence. There was no significant difference between running the study within AMT compared to running it with an online questionnaire service. There was no significant difference between results obtained directly from within AMT compared to results obtained in the campus and online forum condition. This may suggest that AMT is a viable and economical option for recruiting participants and for conducting studies as setting up and running a study with AMT generally requires less effort and time compared to other frequently used methods. We discuss our findings as well as limitations of using AMT for empirical studies.

  18. Using Mechanical Turk to recruit participants for internet intervention research: experience from recruitment for four trials targeting hazardous alcohol consumption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cunningham, John A; Godinho, Alexandra; Kushnir, Vladyslav

    2017-12-01

    Mechanical Turk (MTurk) is an online portal operated by Amazon where 'requesters' (individuals or businesses) can submit jobs for 'workers.' MTurk is used extensively by academics as a quick and cheap means of collecting questionnaire data, including information on alcohol consumption, from a diverse sample of participants. We tested the feasibility of recruiting for alcohol Internet intervention trials through MTurk. Participants, 18 years or older, who drank at least weekly were recruited for four intervention trials (combined sample size, N = 11,107). The same basic recruitment strategy was employed for each trial - invite participants to complete a survey about alcohol consumption (less than 15 min in length, US$1.50 payment), identify eligible participants who drank in a hazardous fashion, invite those eligible to complete a follow-up survey ($10 payment), randomize participants to be sent or not sent information to access an online intervention for hazardous alcohol use. Procedures where put in place to optimize the chances that participants could only complete the baseline survey once. There was a substantially slower rate of recruitment by the fourth trial compared to the earlier trials. Demographic characteristics also varied across trials (age, sex, employment and marital status). Patterns of alcohol consumption, while displaying some differences, did not appear to vary in a linear fashion between trials. It is possible to recruit large (but not inexhaustible) numbers of people who drink in a hazardous fashion. Issues for online intervention research when employing this sample are discussed.

  19. Using online, crowdsourcing platforms for data collection in personality disorder research: The example of Amazon's Mechanical Turk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Joshua D; Crowe, Michael; Weiss, Brandon; Maples-Keller, Jessica L; Lynam, Donald R

    2017-01-01

    The use of crowdsourcing platforms such as Amazon's Mechanical Turk (MTurk) for data collection in the behavioral sciences has increased substantially in the past several years due in large part to (a) the ability to recruit large samples, (b) the inexpensiveness of data collection, (c) the speed of data collection, and (d) evidence that the data collected are, for the most part, of equal or better quality to that collected in undergraduate research pools. In this review, we first evaluate the strengths and potential limitations of this approach to data collection. Second, we examine how MTurk has been used to date in personality disorder (PD) research and compare the characteristics of such research to PD research conducted in other settings. Third, we compare PD trait data from the Section III trait model of the DSM-5 collected via MTurk to data collected using undergraduate and clinical samples with regard to internal consistency, mean-level differences, and factor structure. Overall, we conclude that platforms such as MTurk have much to offer PD researchers, especially for certain kinds of research (e.g., where large samples are required and there is a need for iterative sampling). Whether MTurk itself remains the predominant model of such platforms is unclear, however, and will largely depend on decisions related to cost effectiveness and the development of alternatives that offer even greater flexibility. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved).

  20. [Development of pharmacy in the Leskovac region for the period from liberation from the Turks until World War II].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milić, Petar; Milić, Slavica

    2013-01-01

    From the historical point of view, there are three time periods when the process of modernization of Serbian society took place. First period includes the interval from the beginning of the 19th century until the end of World War I, when the Serbian country was reestablished as Serbian Knezevina (princedom) and in 1882 as Serbian Kingdom. Second period includes an interval from the unity of Serbia into the Kingdom of Serbs, Croatians and Slovenians, which was established at the end of World War I (1918) and in 1929 changed the name into the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, which lasted until the end of World War II. The third period includes time after World War II. In this paper, the social-economical conditions in the Leskovac area during the first two periods of modernization were described, as well as the pharmacy development emphasizing the characteristic of the pharmaceutics. The Leskovac area belongs to most recently liberated areas in Serbia, i.e. Leskovac was liberated at the end of 1877. Nevertheless, the first pharmacy was opened in Leskovac in 1862, during the reign of the Turks. The authors being the people from Leskovac as well as the pharmacists believe that they contributed to better overview of the activities of people from modernization period, paying them well-deserved recognition.

  1. The relationship between motivation, monetary compensation, and data quality among US- and India-based workers on Mechanical Turk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Litman, Leib; Robinson, Jonathan; Rosenzweig, Cheskie

    2015-06-01

    In this study, we examined data quality among Amazon Mechanical Turk (MTurk) workers based in India, and the effect of monetary compensation on their data quality. Recent studies have shown that work quality is independent of compensation rates, and that compensation primarily affects the quantity but not the quality of work. However, the results of these studies were generally based on compensation rates below the minimum wage, and far below a level that was likely to play a practical role in the lives of workers. In this study, compensation rates were set around the minimum wage in India. To examine data quality, we developed the squared discrepancy procedure, which is a task-based quality assurance approach for survey tasks whose goal is to identify inattentive participants. We showed that data quality is directly affected by compensation rates for India-based participants. We also found that data were of a lesser quality among India-based than among US participants, even when optimal payment strategies were utilized. We additionally showed that the motivation of MTurk users has shifted, and that monetary compensation is now reported to be the primary reason for working on MTurk, among both US- and India-based workers. Overall, MTurk is a constantly evolving marketplace where multiple factors can contribute to data quality. High-quality survey data can be acquired on MTurk among India-based participants when an appropriate pay rate is provided and task-specific quality assurance procedures are utilized.

  2. Perceptions of e-cigarettes: a comparison of adult smokers and non-smokers in a Mechanical Turk sample.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bauhoff, Sebastian; Montero, Adrian; Scharf, Deborah

    2017-05-01

    Given plans to extend its regulatory authority to e-cigarettes, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) urgently needs to understand how e-cigarettes are perceived by the public. To examine how smoking status impacts adult perceptions and expectations of e-cigarettes. We used Mechanical Turk (MTurk), a "crowdsourcing" platform, to rapidly survey a large (n = 796; female = 381; male = 415), diverse sample of adult ever (44%) and never smokers (56%), including ever (28%) and never (72%) users of e-cigarettes. Smokers and non-smokers learned about e-cigarettes primarily through the internet and conversations with others. Ever smokers were more likely than never smokers, and female current smokers were more likely than female former smokers, to have learned about e-cigarettes from point of sale advertising (p's smokers quit (ps never users of e-cigarettes, current smokers were more likely than never smokers and former smokers to report that they would try e-cigarettes in the future (ps smokers' top reason for wanting to try e-cigarettes was to quit or reduce smoking (56%), while never and former smokers listed curiosity. In contrast, female current smokers' top reason for not trying e-cigarettes was health and safety concerns (44%) while males were deterred by expense (44%). Adult smokers and non-smokers have different perceptions and expectations of e-cigarettes. Public health messages regarding e-cigarettes may need to be tailored separately for persons with and without a history of using conventional cigarettes. Tailoring messages by gender within smoker groups may also improve their impact.

  3. The paradox of high apolipoprotein A-I levels independently predicting incident type-2 diabetes among Turks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onat, A; Hergenç, G; Bulur, S; Uğur, M; Küçükdurmaz, Z; Can, G

    2010-06-25

    Predictive value of apolipoprotein (apo) A-I for incident hypertension, metabolic syndrome (MetS), type 2 diabetes (DM) and coronary heart disease (CHD) needs further exploration. A representative sample of Turkish adults was studied with this purpose prospectively. Sex-specific apoA-I tertiles were examined regarding cardiometabolic risk. A total of 1044 men and 1067 women (aged 49+/-12 years at baseline) were followed up over 7.4 years. High serum apoA-I levels were significantly associated in multivariable analysis with female sex, aging, alcohol intake, (inversely) cigarette smoking and, in women, with systolic blood pressure. Risk of diabetes was predicted in logistic regression in both genders by top versus bottom apoA-I tertile (RR 1.98; [95%CI 1.31; 3.0]), additive to age, body mass index (BMI), C-reactive protein (CRP), HDL-cholesterol and lipid lowering drugs. By adding sex hormone-binding globulin to the model in a subset of the sample, the association between high apoA-I and incident diabetes was attenuated only in women. ApoA-I tertiles tended to be positively associated also with hypertension and CHD only in women but this did not reach significance. High compared with low serum apoA-I levels nearly double the risk for incident diabetes, additively to age, BMI, CRP, HDL-cholesterol among Turks. Systemic inflammation concomitant with prevailing MetS might turn apoA-I into proinflammatory particles. Copyright 2008 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Crowdsourcing a normative natural language dataset: a comparison of Amazon Mechanical Turk and in-lab data collection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saunders, Daniel R; Bex, Peter J; Woods, Russell L

    2013-05-20

    Crowdsourcing has become a valuable method for collecting medical research data. This approach, recruiting through open calls on the Web, is particularly useful for assembling large normative datasets. However, it is not known how natural language datasets collected over the Web differ from those collected under controlled laboratory conditions. To compare the natural language responses obtained from a crowdsourced sample of participants with responses collected in a conventional laboratory setting from participants recruited according to specific age and gender criteria. We collected natural language descriptions of 200 half-minute movie clips, from Amazon Mechanical Turk workers (crowdsourced) and 60 participants recruited from the community (lab-sourced). Crowdsourced participants responded to as many clips as they wanted and typed their responses, whereas lab-sourced participants gave spoken responses to 40 clips, and their responses were transcribed. The content of the responses was evaluated using a take-one-out procedure, which compared responses to other responses to the same clip and to other clips, with a comparison of the average number of shared words. In contrast to the 13 months of recruiting that was required to collect normative data from 60 lab-sourced participants (with specific demographic characteristics), only 34 days were needed to collect normative data from 99 crowdsourced participants (contributing a median of 22 responses). The majority of crowdsourced workers were female, and the median age was 35 years, lower than the lab-sourced median of 62 years but similar to the median age of the US population. The responses contributed by the crowdsourced participants were longer on average, that is, 33 words compared to 28 words (Pcrowdsourced participants had more shared words (P=.004 and .01 respectively), whereas younger participants had higher numbers of shared words in the lab-sourced population (P=.01). Crowdsourcing is an effective approach

  5. Nutritional Knowledge and Practices, Lifestyle Characteristics and Anthropometric Status of Turks and Caicos Islands Elementary School Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maitland, T E; Malcolm, S; Handfield, S

    2015-01-01

    To assess nutritional status, knowledge, practices and lifestyle characteristics of Turks and Caicos Islands (TCI) primary school children. Sociodemographic, nutrition knowledge and lifestyle information were collected via an interviewer-assisted questionnaire from grade 5 to 6 participants in a cross-sectional survey; anthropometrics were collected by trained interviewers. Two hundred and ninety-seven students (mean age = 10.91 ± 1.01 years; female = 162 [54.5%]; overweight/obese = 121 [40.8%]) participated. Most were born (61.8%) or resided in TCI for more than five years (76.1%). Dietary patterns of breakfast (75.8%); ≥ 2 meals/day (81.2%); ≥ 1 snack/day (65%) and consumption of vegetables (14.5%) and fruits (27.3%) ≥ 2/day were reported. Multinomial regression examined lifestyle and sociodemographic characteristics among body mass index (BMI) categories. Breakfast-eaters were 54% less likely (OR = 0.46; p = 0.025) to be obese; consumers of meals/day were approximately twice more likely to be obese (OR = 2.074; p = 0.02); participants who "ate out" day (including lunch) were less likely to be overweight (OR = 0.365; p = 0.02). More boys reported strenuous activity (p = 0.05) while more girls reported moderate activity (p = 0.004). No vigorous exercise for ≥ 4 days/week was associated with obesity (OR = 2.0; p = 0.03). Most (> 80%) knew the food groups and that non-communicable diseases were related to diet and obesity (> 70%). Findings should inform policy, via the "Health in All" policy initiatives, to develop multisectoral interventions to positively impact children's nutritional status and ultimately eliminate obesogenic environments.

  6. Using Mechanical Turk to recruit participants for internet intervention research: experience from recruitment for four trials targeting hazardous alcohol consumption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John A. Cunningham

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Mechanical Turk (MTurk is an online portal operated by Amazon where ‘requesters’ (individuals or businesses can submit jobs for ‘workers.’ MTurk is used extensively by academics as a quick and cheap means of collecting questionnaire data, including information on alcohol consumption, from a diverse sample of participants. We tested the feasibility of recruiting for alcohol Internet intervention trials through MTurk. Methods Participants, 18 years or older, who drank at least weekly were recruited for four intervention trials (combined sample size, N = 11,107. The same basic recruitment strategy was employed for each trial – invite participants to complete a survey about alcohol consumption (less than 15 min in length, US$1.50 payment, identify eligible participants who drank in a hazardous fashion, invite those eligible to complete a follow-up survey ($10 payment, randomize participants to be sent or not sent information to access an online intervention for hazardous alcohol use. Procedures where put in place to optimize the chances that participants could only complete the baseline survey once. Results There was a substantially slower rate of recruitment by the fourth trial compared to the earlier trials. Demographic characteristics also varied across trials (age, sex, employment and marital status. Patterns of alcohol consumption, while displaying some differences, did not appear to vary in a linear fashion between trials. Conclusions It is possible to recruit large (but not inexhaustible numbers of people who drink in a hazardous fashion. Issues for online intervention research when employing this sample are discussed.

  7. ON THE GENOCIDE SENSATION IN TURKS AND EFFECTS ON LANGUAGE / TÜRKLERDEKİ SOYKIRIM ALGISININ DİLE YANSIMASI ÜZERİNE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Mahmut SARIKAYA

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Expressions like; Türk budunuġ ölürmek “To kill and annihilate the Turkish nation in all”, uruġsıratmak “to kill off, to delete a nation”, yokadu barmak “to go towards kill off”, kanı su gibi akmak, kemikleri dağ gibi yığılıp yatmak “to be subjet to extreme massacre”,, katliam: “massacre, genocide”, bir’e varıncaya kadar kırılmak “to be massacred till the last human”, kökünü kesmek “totally delete a nation”, milleti kırmak: “genocide of a nation” Kırgız soyunu bir anda yok etmek “to destroy the Kyrgyz race in one go” are all in Turkish language. Furthermore, words like; kırgın, kıyım, soykırım, kökünü kazımak, topluca öldürüp yok etmek are the words and expressions which are being used to meet the term “Genoside” in contemporary Turkish of Turkey. Turks used these words and expressions to represent the genocides which were implemented to them.Since their introduction to the history scene, Turks have been subject to much genocide. Even today they face this serious fact and feel it deeply. These hard experiences of Turks have been one of the main determining factors of national cultural codes, so, penetrated in the epics as motifs and found their expressions in the language. In this article the marks of this perception are examined.

  8. U.S. residential consumer product information: Validation of methods for post-stratification weighting of Amazon Mechanical Turk surveys

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Greenblatt, Jeffery B. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Yang, Hung-Chia [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Desroches, Louis-Benoit [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Young, Scott J. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Beraki, Bereket [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Price, Sarah K. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Pratt, Stacy [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Willem, Henry [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Donovan, Sally M. [Consultant, Melbourne (Australia)

    2013-04-01

    We present two post-stratification weighting methods to validate survey data collected using Amazon Mechanical Turk (AMT). Two surveys focused on appliance and consumer electronics devices were administered in the spring and summer of 2012 to each of approximately 3,000 U.S. households. Specifically, the surveys asked questions about residential refrigeration products, televisions (TVs) and set-top boxes (STBs). Filtered data were assigned weights using each of two weighting methods, termed “sequential” and “simultaneous,” by examining up to eight demographic variables (income, education, gender, race, Hispanic origin, number of occupants, ages of occupants, and geographic region) in comparison to reference U.S. demographic data from the 2009 Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS). Five key questions from the surveys (number of refrigerators, number of freezers, number of TVs, number of STBs and primary service provider) were evaluated with a set of statistical tests to determine whether either method improved the agreement of AMT with reference data, and if so, which method was better. The statistical tests used were: differences in proportions, distributions of proportions (using Pearson’s chi-squared test), and differences in average numbers of devices as functions of all demographic variables. The results indicated that both methods generally improved the agreement between AMT and reference data, sometimes greatly, but that the simultaneous method was usually superior to the sequential method. Some differences in sample populations were found between the AMT and reference data. Differences in the proportion of STBs reflected large changes in the STB market since the time our reference data was acquired in 2009. Differences in the proportions of some primary service providers suggested real sample bias, with the possible explanation that AMT user are more likely to subscribe to providers who also provide home internet service. Differences in

  9. Mereõhk teeb vabaks / Veronika Valk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valk, Veronika, 1976-

    2005-01-01

    Tallinna sadamaalale eri arhitektuurivõistlustel pakutud linnaehituslikele ideedele keskenduv näitus "Back to the Sea" Tallinnas Lootsi tänav 13. Autori fantaasia Tallinna rannala tulevikust. Võrdluseks Barcelona, Helsingborg ja Tel Aviv

  10. Kiriku ülestõstmisest / Veronika Valk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valk, Veronika, 1976-

    2011-01-01

    Kiriku korrastamiseks ja tööshoidmiseks napib tihti raha. Eesti luteri kogudused vajavad abi. Uutest kirikukelladest Eestis, kellamängudest. Näiteid nüüdiskunstist mahajäetud kirikutes. Melbourne´i festivali raames 2010. a. näitas Bill Viola oma videokunsti Parkville´i St. Carthage´i katoliku kirikus. Londonis 2006. a. Michael Crossi kirikusse loodud teosest "Bridge". Briti kunstnike Heather Ackroydi ja Dan Harvey poolt Dilston Grove'i kirikusse Londonis 2003. a. loodud vertikaalse murukasvatuse projektist

  11. Que pasa? Mis toimub? / Veronika Valk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valk, Veronika, 1976-

    2005-01-01

    Ettepanek luua Tallinna sadama infopunkt endisesse politseimajja Admiraliteedi basseini ääres. I korrusel paikneks infosaal, II ja III korruse võiks kunstnikele, musikutele jne. välja rentida, nende kõrvale mahuksid galeriid. Tänase Tallinna moto ning mereäärse ala planeerimise kontseptsioon võiksa olla "mereõhk teeb vabaks"

  12. Barbare et infidèle  Barbarians and infidels: the image of the Turks in Russia during the war of 1876-1878

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilya Platov

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available La compréhension de la mobilisation patriotique des Russes en faveur de la libération des Slaves du Sud au cours de la crise balkanique et de la guerre russo-turque de 1876-1878 nécessite la prise en compte des récits de cruautés relayés par la presse et par d’autres vecteurs d’information qui aboutissent à la cristallisation d’une représentation de l’ennemi à la fois barbare et infidèle. Pendant plus de deux ans, la population russe est soumise à une véritable surenchère d'images et de récits qui ont la violence pour thème majeur. La dénonciation des atrocités débouche sur la justification d’un conflit de nature essentiellement religieux et justifié par des conceptions antagonistes du monde. La construction de l’image de l’ennemi associe des thèmes traditionnels et modernes et s’appuie sur un système de représentations déjà solidement enracinés.The author argues that the patriotic mobilization of the Russians in favor of their Slavic brethrens during the Balkan crisis and the Russian-Turkish war of 1876-1878 was to a large extent based on various stories of atrocities committed by the Turks against the Slavs propagated by the press and other medias. For over two years, the Russians were exposed to an avalanche of images and stories with gruesome violence as their main theme. The Turks were represented as “barbarians” and “uncivilized” on the one hand, and as “enemies of Christianity” on the other. The denunciation of atrocities led to the justification of an essentially religious conflict based on mutually exclusive world-views. The image of the enemy thus created associates both traditional and modern themes, and is based on the bedrock of shared representations.

  13. Ethical Issues in Corpus Linguistics And Annotation: Pay Per Hit Does Not Affect Effective Hourly Rate For Linguistic Resource Development On Amazon Mechanical Turk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, K Bretonnel; Fort, Karën; Adda, Gilles; Zhou, Sophia; Farri, Dimeji

    2016-05-01

    Ethical issues reported with paid crowdsourcing include unfairly low wages. It is assumed that such issues are under the control of the task requester. Can one control the amount that a worker earns by controlling the amount that one pays? 412 linguistic data development tasks were submitted to Amazon Mechanical Turk. The pay per HIT was manipulated through a range of values. We examined the relationship between the pay that is offered per HIT and the effective pay rate. There is no such relationship. Paying more per HIT does not cause workers to earn more: the higher the pay per HIT, the more time workers spend on them ( R = 0.92). So, the effective hourly rate stays roughly the same. The finding has clear implications for language resource builders who want to behave ethically: other means must be found in order to compensate workers fairly. The findings of this paper should not be taken as an endorsement of unfairly low pay rates for crowdsourcing workers. Rather, the intention is to point out that additional measures, such as pre-calculating and communicating to the workers an average hourly, rather than per-task, rate must be found in order to ensure an ethical rate of pay.

  14. THE GRAINY PLANTS AND FRUITS SUCH WHICH WERE USED AS ABUNDANCE SYMBOLS BY THE TURKS AND USING OF ARCHITECTURE / TÜRKLERDE BEREKET SEMBOLÜ OLARAK KULLANILAN MEYVE MOTIFLERI VE MIMARIDE DEĞERLENDIRILMESI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Assoc. Prof. Dr. R. Eser GÜLTEKİN

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available The Turkish word for abundance “Bereket” isactually a word with Arabic roots meaning wealth,happiness and gift of God. The Turks have been using theabundance symbols in order to express their wishes foreternal happiness and wealth. Also the Ancient AnatolianCivilizations believed strongly in the abundance conceptand were actually presenting sacrifices to Gods for thispurpose.The fact that we comment on the fruit symbols isbecause these fruits are actually subsistence with seeds.The seed is a core that would secure the continuousnessof the next generations. The fruits were considered as theeggs of the world due to the seeds they contain. This hascaused different comments on this matter. For examplethese fruits were sometimes used to symbolizeimmortality, happiness and fertility. The grainy plantsand fruits such which were used as abundance symbolsby the Turks are: grapes, pomegranate, fig, melon,watermelon, wheatear etc. These were commonly used indecorations to symbolize fertility, abundance and tree oflife since the ancient times.The fruits which symbolize abundance are richlypresent in the hand woven products of Anatolia, in theneedle works, in stone and metal works and in theceramic and earthenware examples. They were alsocarried to the interior spaces of daily life and architecture. The Turks, by decorating their walls withvarious scenes of life, presented their cultural richnessand helped them to be carried from one generation to thenext. Some of these decorations were also the fruitswhich symbolize the abundance according to their belief.Such abundance symbols are to be found in the Turkisharchitecture sometimes on a place wall, sometimes on thewalls of a religious room and sometimes on the walls ofan Anatolian residence. We come across with theseabundance symbols, which are used as decorations inthe architecture, as hand-drawn on the walls and on theceilings, as plaster decorations, as stone decorations, asceramic decorations, as

  15. Jeunes-Turcs et Hellénisme : de l’enthousiasme à la réalité The Young Turks and Hellenism: from enthusiasm to realism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alkistis Sofou

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Relations, tensions, oppositions entre les Grecs et les Jeunes-Turcs, entre 1908 et 1914 : la révolution des Jeunes-Turcs a été un tournant dans l’histoire de l’hellénisme. Beaucoup de Rums, malgré quelques voix discordantes, crurent que le nouveau régime poserait les bases d’une collaboration des peuples de l’Empire qui tournerait à leur avantage. Le durcissement progressif de la politique des Jeunes-Turcs dissipa peu à peu ces illusions. Après les défaites et les guerres balkaniques, le gouvernement turc s’orienta vers une politique plus « nationale » : boycott des commerces chrétiens, installation des réfugiés ottomans des Balkans en région à fort pourcentage et chrétien et expulsion violente des Rums des côtes d’Asie Mineure avant même le déclenchement de la Première Guerre mondiale.Relations, tensions, conflicts between the Greek and the Young Turks from 1908 to 1914: the revolution of the Young Turks was a turning point in the history of hellenism. Many Rum, despite some dissenting voices, believed that the new regime would lay the groundwork for collaboration of the people of the Empire to their advantage. The progressive hardening of the Young Turks policy gradually dispelled such illusions. After defeats and the Balkan Wars, the Turkish government turned to a more nationalistic policy: boycotting businesses owned by Christian population and violently expulsion of the Rums from the Asia Minor coast, even before the outbreak of the First World War.

  16. Türklerde Zenginlik ve Bereket Algısı ‘Tört Tülük’e Teorik Yaklaşım ve Divanu Lugati’t-Türk’ten Örnekler A theoratical apporach to ‘tört tülük’ which means abundance and wealth at Turks and its examples from Diwanu Lugati’t-Turk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miras KOSIBAYEV

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Each nation has its own unique way of thinking and way of life,language, customs and traditions, values and rules of social features.World view of nations and their own particular characteristics wereimportant in the past and they continue today too. And it is importantto analyse concepts language and world view like an one event notseparately.On the basis of the relationship between language and human, inthis article we will try to explain concept tört tülük which meansabundance and wealth. Tört tülük is a phrase which includes horse,cow, camel and sheep-goat in it. Having all of these four kind of animalssymbolize abudance and richness. These animals for Turks areeverything because of their meet, milk, wool; also Turks used power ofthem, especially camel could pull all house (kiyiz-keçe otağı ‘nomad’stent’ with its materials.Using ‘four’ kinds of animals to symbolize abudance and richnessrelates with world view of Turks. In Türkish (Turkey there are somephrases with ‘four’ like ‘dört başı mamur’, ‘dört dötlük’ which representperfection and completeness.In Divanu Lugati’t-Türk tört tülik did not given as a concept, butwe found many examples with those four animals and products whichthey give.

  17. FOOD AND DRINKS BEFORE ISLAM AMONG TURKS İSLAMİYETTEN ÖNCE TÜRKLERDE YİYECEK VE İÇECEKLER

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    Sami KILIÇ

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Eating and drinking are among indispensable needs for human beings to continue their existance. People usually acquire these needs from the geography they live. The facilities offered by geography are one of the important factors creating livelihood of people. Livelihoods of a society are generally effective to meet the needs of food and drinks. Consumption of foods is a necessity for the belief system of the society.As seen in all communities, eating and drinking practices among Turkish people are among important services to sustain their life. These activities, on the other hand, are not actions of ordinary. There is a certain manner of eating meal and setting the table. In this study, food and drinks are going to be studied in two headings among old Turks. The first of the study will be animal products and the second will be the vegetable foods. When the socia- economic life is considered, it has been observed that the meat has been provided from horses and sheep in Turkish socities. Koumiss is in an important consumption in drinks when compared with other drinks. Yeme ve içme, insanların varlığını devam ettirebilmesi için vazgeçilmez ihtiyaçları arasındadır. Bu ihtiyacı insanlar genelde yaşadıkları coğrafyadan temin ederler. Coğrafyanın sunmuş olduğu imkânlar, insanların geçim kaynaklarının oluşmasında önemli faktörlerden biridir. Bir toplumun geçim kaynakları da genel olarak yiyecek ve içecek ihtiyaçlarının karşılanmasında etkilidir. Bununla birlikte gıdaların tüketilmesi, toplumun sahip olduğu inanç sistemine uygun olmasını gerekli kılmaktadır.Bütün toplumlarda olduğu görüldüğü gibi Türklerde de yeme-içme uygulamaları hayatı devam ettirmenin önemli bir faaliyetidir. Ancak bu faaliyetler sadece sıradan bir eylem değildir. Sofranın kurulmasının, yemek yemenin bir usulü ve adabı bulunmaktadır. Bu çalışmada eski Türklerdeki yiyecek ve içecekler iki ana başlık alt

  18. Elu nagu hotellis = Zhizn kak v gostinitse / Veronika Nuter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nuter, Veronika

    2007-01-01

    Tallinna linnapildist, kehva planeeringuga uutest korteritest, miljööväärtuslikust Süda-Tatari kvartalist, Sakala 20/Tatari 11 asuvast miljööd eiravast kortermajast (arhitektid Kalle Vellevoog, Velle Kadalipp, 2005)

  19. Tere tulemast tagasi, uue põlvkonna utopistid! / Veronika Valk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valk, Veronika, 1976-

    2011-01-01

    Francois Roche ja Eva Castro tulevikuarhitektuuri käsitlevatest ettekannetest Tallinna arhitektuuribiennaali raames toimunud sümpoosionil. Maketinäitus "Viini eksiilid. Helisev arhitektuur" Heliose kinos. Eksponeeritakse Viini Die Angewandte arhitektuurikoolis (juht Hani Rashid) õppivate eestlaste loomingut

  20. Seksuaalne ahistamine töösuhetes / Veronika Mirzojeva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mirzojeva, Veronika

    2007-01-01

    1. maist 2004 jõustunud soolise võrdõiguslikkuse seaduse vastavusest Euroopa Liidu direktiivile 2002/73/EÜ. Seksuaalse ahistamise määratlusest, tööandja hoolitsuskohustusest ja vastutusest ning tõendamiskohustusest

  1. Äratundmisi soome-ugri naisluulet lugedes / Veronika Kivisilla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivisilla, Veronika

    2003-01-01

    Arvustus: Neli komilannat / tõlkinud Leelo Tungal ja Arvo Valton. Tallinn : Virgela, 1998 ; Neli marilannat / tõlkija Leelo Tungal. Tallinn : Virgela, 1998 ; Neli mordvalannat / tõlkinud Peeter Volkonski ja Arvo Valton. Tallinn : Virgela, 1998 ; Neli udmurditari / tõlkinud Ellen Niit, Valeeria Villandi ja Arvo Valton. Tallinn : Virgela, 2002

  2. La presse jeune-turque en Égypte et la modernité (1895-1908 Young Turks' Press in Egypt and the Modernity (1895-1908 העיתונות של הטורקים הצעירים במצרים והמודרניזם (1895 עד 1908

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wajda Sendesni

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available L’Égypte devient à la fin du xixe siècle un foyer important du développement de la presse. Des Syriens et des Turcs fuyant la répression du régime hamidien s’y réfugient. Ils publient au Caire des journaux en arabe, en turc ou bilingues dans lesquels ils critiquent le sultan Abdülhamid et son régime et réclament le rétablissement de la constitution ottomane suspendue en 1878. Mais dans ces journaux, on peut aussi déceler un intérêt pour la modernité et le progrès qui apparaît à travers le nombre important d’articles qui y sont consacrés ainsi qu’à la science, à l’éducation, à la littérature, etc. Pour la jeune élite ottomane, plus que du changement de régime, l’avenir de l’Empire dépend de sa capacité à se transformer et à se moderniser car seule la modernité peut le sauver de la chute en permettant une réforme économique et sociale en profondeur.Egypt in the late nineteenth century became an important center of development of the press. Syrians and Turks fleeing the Hamidian repressive regime take refuge there. They publish newspapers in Cairo in Arabic, Turkish or bilingual where they criticize the sultan Abdulhamid and his regime and demand the restoration of the Ottoman constitution suspended in 1877. But in these papers, one can also detect an interest in modernity and progress that appears throw articles on modernity, progress, science, education, literature, etc. For the young Ottoman elite, rather than regime change, the future of the empire depends on its ability to transform and modernize because only modernity can save it from collapse by providing a social and economic reform.

  3. BELIEFS AND PRACTICES OF QASHQAI TURKS WITHIN THE CIRCLE OF BIRTH KAŞKAY TÜRKLERİNDE DOĞUM ÇEVRESİNDE GELİŞEN İNANÇ VE PRATİKLER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet KARAASLAN

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available In this study, which deals with the birth traditions of The Qashqai, and beliefs and practices in this aspect, the data gained through approximately two-month studies in the field of Iran are used. During the field of study, based on the use of techniques such as participated observation and question and answer, Qashqai people, both have urban live and haven’t plucked their ties with nomadism in appropriately with their current social tissues, have been discussed with. These rituals and beliefs formed within the frame of birth are examined through the perspectives such as their functions, whether they have an equivalent in the ancient Turkish culture or not and their comparison of aspects similar to the other communities of the world of the Turks. Kaşkayların doğum gelenekleri ve bu çerçevedeki inanç ve pratiklerinin ele alındığı bu çalışmada İran sahasında yaklaşık iki ay süresince yapılmış olan saha çalışmasında elde edilen veriler kullanılmıştır. Katılımlı gözlem ve soru cevap gibi tekniklerin kullanılması sureti ile yapılan saha çalışması sırasında Kaşkayların şu anki sosyal dokusuna uygun olarak hem uzun süredir şehir hayatı yaşayan hem göçerlikle bağlantılarını tam olarak koparmamış Kaşkaylarla görüşülmüştür. Doğum çevresinde teşekkül etmiş bu ritüel ve inançlar; işlevleri, kadim Türk kültüründe bir karşılıklarının olup olmadığı ve Türk dünyasının diğer toplulukları ile benzeyen yönlerinin mukayesesi gibi bakış açılarıyla irdelenmiştir.

  4. Abbâsî Dönemi Önemli Türk Komutanlarından Boğa es-Sağîr Boga es-Sagir an Important Turk Commander of Abbasid Period

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdullah Mesut AĞIR

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Between the years 232-234/847-945 of Abbasids period, the period was called as “Turkish Influence” era since it was the period when Turks possessed the military power and they were successful in military command. Abbassids, came to the power after the Umayyads and stayed away from the mevali policy especially enabled the Turks to show theirselves in the historical area. In this way Islamic world testified emerging of the dignified commanders whom had loyalty to their masters and religon. It is remarkable that some of them among these commanders gained influence as much as preposessing the caliphate during its weak terms and even setting up their seperate states. As notorious begs such as Afşin, Boğa el-Kebîr, Boğa es-Sagîr, Vasîf, Eşnas, İnak et-Türk; Boga es-Sagir was also very important lord like the others. The main sources agree with that Boga, who was also known as es-Sagir et-Turki, eş-Şerabi, was turkish man. He was called by Arabs as es-Sagir to distinguish himself from his big brother Boga el-Kebir. Boga is turkish word and is coincided to its different spelling such as “buka”, “buga”. In this manuscript, the activities that this commander performed will be studied. Abbâsîler döneminin 232-334/847-945 yılları arası, Türklerin askerî gücü elinde bulundurdukları ve askerî komuta görevlerinde başarılı oldukları bir dönem olmasından dolayı “Türk Nüfuzu” dönemi olarak adlandırılmıştır. Emevilerden sonra iktidara gelen ve seleflerinin takip etmiş olduğu mevali politikasından uzak duran Abbâsilerin bu siyaseti özellikle Türklerin tarih sahnesinde kendilerini göstermelerine imkân tanımıştı. Bu sayede İslâm âlemi kabiliyetleri ve cesaretleri ile maiyetleri altında bulundukları efendilerine, mensubu bulundukları dinlerine ve bağlı oldukları topraklarına hizmet edecek çok değerli Türk komutanların ortaya çıkışına tanıklık etmiştir. Bu komutanların

  5. THE IMAGE OF TURKS AMONG INDIAN MUSLIMS: THE CASE OF BALKAN WARS / HİNT MÜSLÜMANLARINDA TÜRK İMGESİ: BALKAN SAVAŞLARI ÖRNEĞİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tuncay Ercan SEPERCİOĞLU

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available An image consists of a person’s, a community’s and/or a society’s positive and/or negative conceptions and attributions towards an object, an event and/or another community. Factors such as ideological approaches, culture, collective memory, past experiences, and/or geography play an important role in forming these impressions. If a society’s approach towards another society is a matter of question, the image determines political stance and generates one of the reasons for social reactions. This study does not include examples of factionalized society, culture and/or political formulations but examples concerning positive perceptions of a society of another and how these perceptions are reflected on their reactions. In doing so, the study analyses the contributions of Indian Muslims to the Ottoman Empire and Turkish nation during the Balkan Wars with examples and questions the reasons behind these supports. Indian Muslims attempted to mold public opinion in order to bring attention to the Balkan Wars. They aided Ottomans in kind and cash, sent medical teams and played an active role in battle and organized activities for refugees. This study aims to reveal approaches and sensitivities of Indian Muslims to one of the biggest social problems that Turks faced in the early 20th century through data that were obtained from the Ottoman Archive and several newspapers of that period. İmge bir kişi, topluluk ve/veya toplumun bir nesneye, olaya ve/veya diğer bir topluluğa dair olumlu ya da olumsuz (veya her ikisi birden kavram ve nitelemelerinden oluşmaktadır. Bu izlenimlerde ideolojik yaklaşımlar, kültür, toplumsal hafıza, geçmiş deneyimler, coğrafya ve ekonomi gibi etkenler büyük rol oynar. Söz konusu olan bir toplumun diğer bir topluma yönelik yaklaşımıysa eğer, imge siyasal duruşu belirlemekte, toplumsal tepkilerin nedenlerinden birini oluşturmaktadır. Bu çalışma, -benzerleri çok görülen- ötekileştirilen bir

  6. CHAY KARAGACH’S POEM CONSISTENCY EVALUATION RELATED TO SOCIOCULTURAL STRUCTURE OF KASHQAI TURKS ÇAY KARAGAÇ ŞİİRİ BAĞLAMINDA KAŞKAY TÜRKLERİNİN SOSYOKÜLTÜREL YAPISINA İLİŞKİN DEĞERLENDİRMELER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet KARAASLAN

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Kashqai turks who lives as an extended formation in South ofIran,such as these cities shehreza,Firuzabath.Merv Desht Abade ,arenomadic community .Kashqais ;who lives in ıran about twenty-fivemillion Azeri turks and the most crowded third Turkish communityapproximently three million population than after Turkomans .KashqaiTurks were settled in place gradually at being begun of Shah.Today onlyfew of them are able to spend their life as a nomadic. Huseyin Ali Kaimiwho is a nomadic Kashqai Turk had tried to explain all his life by askingto him passed in sorrow of nomads„‟Kashqai Region‟‟,happened to hislife,differences of Kashqai‟s today condition and old condition,the historyof Kashqai Turks‟,traditions,culture,have a heart to heart talk withKaragach Creek which placed in migratin route. It can be possible to seemany aspects of Kashqai Turks as a written out free form folkpoem,epics over one hundred fifty pieces in verse,and can be possible tofeel with his verses the missing of old Kashqai Turks‟culture by losing incity life and being exposed to assimilation among the dominantcomponent. In studies ,it is aimed to introduce the total kashqaiculture, using for defining Karagach river as a metaphore and HuseyinAli Kaimi who is an important representative of lover style culturetradition this important frame of poem both giving information aboutKashqais and can be called „‟Shehriyar of south‟‟ the poem of Kaimi andChay Karagach to Turcology. Kaşkay Türkleri İran‟ın güneyinde Şehrıza, Şiraz, Firuzabat, Merv Deşt, Abade gibi muhtelif şehirlere dağılmış olarak yaşayan konargöçernitelikli bir topluluktur. Kaşkaylar; İran‟da yaşayan yaklaşık yirmi beşmilyon Azeri Türk‟ünden ve Türkmenlerden sonra tahminen üç milyonubulan nüfuslarıyla en kalabalık üçüncü Türk topluluğudur. KaşkayTürkleri Şah zamanından başlanarak yavaş yavaş meskûn halegetirilmiştir. Bugün de ancak çok az bir k

  7. Linn 2 viigi ja 2 oosiga = Gorod s 2 zalivami i 2 grjadami / Veronika Nuter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nuter, Veronika

    2008-01-01

    Haapsalu elamumajandusest. Nõukogude ajal lõpetamata jäänud majakarpidest ümberehitatud korterelamutest Kastani 28 ja 35 (arhitektuurne lahendus: AB Muru & Pere). Lisa: Haapsalu tegudes & arvudes

  8. Consumero, ergo sum : tarbin, järelikult olen olemas / Veronika Kalmus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalmus, Veronika, 1973-

    2005-01-01

    Sotsioloog tutvustab Tartu Ülikooli ajakirjanduse ja kommunikatsiooni osakonna ja uuringufirma Faktum poolt 2002. aasta lõpust kuni 2003. aasta alguseni läbiviidud küsitluse "Mina. Maailm. Meedia" tulemusi. Uuriti Eesti elanike rahalisi võimalusi. Diagrammid: Auto, reisid, arvuti kättesaadavad vähestele

  9. Kaasaeg vajab pragmaatikuid / Alejandro Zaera-Polo ; intervjueerinud Triin Ojari, Veronika Valk, Toomas Tammis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zaera-Polo, Alejandro

    2012-01-01

    Eesti Kunstiakadeemia arhitektuuriteaduskonna välisesinejate loengusarjas esinenud hispaania arhitekt Alejandro Zaera-Polo, kes 2012. aastast juhib Princetoni ülikooli arhitektuurikooli, räägib endast, arhitektuuriharidusest, linnaplaneerimisest, hoone väliskesta (envelope) poliitilisusest

  10. Property valuers as business consultants in Estonia in globalising economy / Veronika Ilsjan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilsjan, Veronika

    2004-01-01

    Lühiülevaade kinnisvarahindamise alasest tegevusest ja sellega seonduvatest probleemidest Eestis koos ettepanekutega valupunktide lahendamiseks. Eesti Kinnisvara Hindajate Ühingu (EKHÜ) tegevusvaldkondadest. Diagramm

  11. Täpne arhitektuur : ACADIA aastakonverents Cooper Unioni arhitektuurikoolis / Veronika Valk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valk, Veronika, 1976-

    2010-01-01

    Septembris 2010 toimunud ACADIA aastakonverentsist New Yorgis. Konverents, töötoad ja näitus pakkusid parameetrilise projekteerimise spetsialistidele üle maailma lava, kus arhitektuuri uusi suundi arutada ja oma praktika üle mõtteid vahetada

  12. Elust pealinna ristteel = Zhizn na perekrestke stolitsõ / Veronika Nuter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nuter, Veronika

    2007-01-01

    1980-ndate lõpul alanud ja 17 aastat kestnud Osten Tori ehituslugu. 2000. a. algatatakse detailplaneering kinnistule Pärnu mnt. 110 ja 110a, koostaja AB Künnapu & Padrik. Uue korterelamu arhitektuurse lahenduse saamiseks korraldatakse kolme Soome arhitektuuribüroo vahel konkurss, mille võidab Mustanen-Salminen-Vaarna OY ideekavand. Hoone projekti edasiarendamist jätkab Eesti büroo KPME OÜ. 2006. a. valminud hoone plussid ja miinused

  13. "Écriture feminine" fotografijoje : Veronika Šleivytė ir Violeta Bubelytė

    OpenAIRE

    Narušytė, Agnė

    2011-01-01

    The concept of écriture feminine proposed by French feminists Hélène Cixous, Julia Kristeva and Luce Irigaray in 1970s has been criticised for being apolitical. But the criticism has been contested with the argument that it has a potential in changing the discourse that structures gender relationships in society. Écriture feminine as 'writing the body' is constructed in feminist theory as an opposition to the dominating patriarchal discourse that prevents women from occupying the subject posi...

  14. Eesti õpetajate roll laste internetikasutuse sotsiaalses vahendamises / Kadri Soo, Veronika Kalmus, Mare Ainsaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soo, Kadri

    2015-01-01

    Artiklis käsitletakse õpetajate rolli laste ettevalmistamisel internetimaailma ohtudega toimetulekuks ning analüüsitakse Eesti õpetajate tegevust 9-16aastaste laste internetikasutuse sotsiaalses vahendamises

  15. IAS 36. Varade väärtuse langus. Kuidas seda arvestada? / Veronika Tugo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tugo, Veronika

    2011-01-01

    Rahvusvahelise finantsarvestuse standard IAS 36 määrab kindlaks vara väärtuse languse arvestuse reeglid ja kajastamise etapid. Raha genereerivad üksused, vara väärtuse langus ja sellest tuleneva kahjumi tühistamine

  16. "Is interethnic integration possible in Estonia?" : ethno-political discourse of two ethnic groups / Veronika Kalmus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalmus, Veronika, 1973-

    2003-01-01

    Autor kirjeldab Eesti ja Vene rahvusest õpilaste hulgas läbi viidud uurimust, mille eesmärgiks oli selgitada välja nende suhtumist kultuuridevahelise integratsiooni võimalikkusesse Eestis ning seda mõjutavad tegurid

  17. Amsterdami kool - sissejuhatus Hollandi elamumajandusse = Shkola Amsterdama - znakomstvo zhilishtshnõm hozjaistvom Gollandii / Veronika Nuter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nuter, Veronika

    2007-01-01

    Elamuehituse ajaloost Hollandis. Hollandi Elamumajanduse Muuseumist Het Schip. Amsterdami loodeossa jäävast Spaarndammerbuurtist, mis koosneb kolmest aastail 1913-1921 ehitatud elamukvartalist, arhitekt Michel de Klerk (1884-1923)

  18. Konsumerismist tarbimisliku ükskõiksuseni : tarbimisorientatsioonid tänases Eestis / Margit Keller, Veronika Kalmus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Keller, Margit, 1971-

    2004-01-01

    Eestimaalaste tarbimisorientatsioonidest, erinevate kulutuste prioriteetsusest erinevates sotsiaal-demograafilistes gruppides, konsumerismist ja tarbimislikust ükskõiksusest, tarbimiskäitumise koondnäitaja (indeksi) seosest inimeste väärtusorientatsioonide, elulaadi ning identiteediga. Tabelid. Diagramm

  19. Liam Young, soovtulevike vormija = Liam Young; shaper of preferable futures / Veronika Valk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valk, Veronika

    2016-01-01

    Lühike ülevaade austraalia päritolu arhitekti Liam Youngi avatud loengusarja raames peetud loengust, milles ta toob välja arhitektide ja linnaplaneerijate uued ülesanded linnaruumi kujundamisel tulevikus uute tehnoloogiatega

  20. Tezkire-i Buğra Han’ın Çağatayca Yazılmış Bir Nüshası Metin- Dil İncelemesi- Tıpkıbasım A Manuscript Of Tazkira-i Bughra Khan Written In Chagatay Turkısh Texte- Grammar Notes- Facsimile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Erdem DAĞISTANLIOĞLU

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The information is quite restricted which is about the first periodsof Islamic adoption by Turks. Unknown counterparts about this periodare the same with Satuq Bughra Khan who is in the huge role ofdiffusion of Islam between Turks and has legendary singularity.This article includes the translation and the examination of thelanguage of the transcript of Tazkira-i Bughra Khan which is indited in19th century in Chagatay Turkish and recounts Turkish people’sembracing İslam in indiscrete and the legendary lives of the first MuslimTurkish emperor.The artifact that in our labour not only has the feature of thelanguage of Classical Chagatay Turkish, but has the feature ofphonetics and grammatical structure of Uzbek and Modern Uigur. Thebook of Tazkira-i Bughra Khan includes examples of archaic pre-Chagatay Turkish either phonetics or grammatical structure. Theartifact attracts attention with these features not only representspassage from Chagatay Turkish to modern Turk idioms, but alsoincludes archaic structures.The writing gets the most of language features of Modern Uigurapart from Chagatay Turkish. The statements are written comlicatedand we could spot that are in the first page of the book, tārįħķa bir min giki yüz yėtmiş ….. inal aķsuluķ taĥrįri āħ ir boldı, also explain, thissentence is related with the Modern Uigur.The paper gives information about the whole text, writer, thecentury it is written in, and the other copies of the written work; alsothe translation of the written text about the legand of Satuq BughraKhan is given. Beside, the facsimile of the part inspected is attached tothe end of the article.Altough grounded on the Satuq Bughra Khan narrative whichtakes place in British Library in the Or. 8161 numbered text betweenthe 83a-102b pages; also, when examination of the language is needed,some explanations are given considering the whole text. Türklerin İslamiyet’e intisaplarının ilk dönemleri hakk

  1. A New Graphical Logo Design: LogoTurk

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karakirik, Erol; Durmus, Soner

    2005-01-01

    The development of abstract mathematical thinking is an essential part of mathematics and the geometry is regarded as a suitable domain to serve this purpose. As different technologies such as computers and graphing calculators are widely being used, curriculum developers on geometry should take these technologies into consideration. Several…

  2. Life satisfaction of older Turks living in Australia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Öztop, Hülya; Kınacı, Bahar

    2017-03-01

    This study examined the influence of socio-economic and demographic variables, the frequency of travel to Turkey and years of living in Sydney on the life satisfaction of older Turkish people. This study was conducted with 110 participants of 60 years of age or older, at the New South Wales Turkish Welfare Association in Sydney, Australia. The surveys were administered face-to-face at a date and time these participants went to the Association. The dependent variable of the study was the Life Satisfaction Scale. The study data were analysed using hierarchical regression analysis, and the three sets of regression models were run for each sex. The research found that in addition to sociodemographic factors, frequency of travel to Turkey, particularly for older women, and their years of living in Sydney had negative effects on life satisfaction. The study results indicate that the frequency of both the male and female participants' visits to Turkey had a strong negative influence on their life satisfaction. Life satisfaction decreased as the frequency of the participants' visits to Turkey and years of living in Sydney increased. These findings support the current literature that shows the effects of the frequency of travel to Turkey and years of living in Sydney, which were considered to influence relationships with social networks, on life satisfaction, and indicates the necessity for a more detailed examination of social network relationships. © 2017 AJA Inc.

  3. Purified by Blood : Honour Killings amongst Turks in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eck, van Clementine

    2002-01-01

    Eerwraak is een zuiveringsritueel door middel van moord waartoe in het uiterste geval wordt besloten indien de eer wordt bezoedeld. Het draait om de begrippen namus (eer) en seref (aanzien) en geldt zowel voor mannen als voor vrouwen. Vrouwen en meisjes dienen hun kuisheid te bewaren; de mannelijke

  4. Crowd Sourcing Data Collection through Amazon Mechanical Turk

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-01

    response (HR) file in compliance with a Broad Evaluation Plan ( BEP ) issued as part of the larger 7 project. Every response presented in the HR file...of variance API application programming interface ARL U.S. Army Research Laboratory BEP Broad Evaluation Plan DT:CS Description Task

  5. NOTES ON THE ETYMOLOGY OF OGHUZ TURKIC GEŞÜR “CARROT” AT DÎVÂN LUGÂT AT-TURK DÎVÂNÜ LUGÂTİ’T-TÜRK’TE OĞUZCA OLARAK GEÇEN GEŞÜR “havuç” KELİMESİNİN KÖKENİ ÜZERİNE DÜŞÜNCELER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Galip GÜNER

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Mahmûd al-Kâshgarî examines Oghuz Turkic geşür “carrot” at Dîvân Lugât at-Turk in the entry of turma “radish”. He expresses that an important part of Turks says sarıg turma for carrot. The people of Argu call the latter gezri borrowing the Persian word for carrot gezer and the Oghuz call it geşür which they also borrowed from Persian. In this paper we will put the emphasis on the etymology of geşür “carrot” that belongs to agriculture culture and firstly demonstrated in Dîvân Lugât at-Türk among the historic texts until today. We will work to prove that geşür didn’t passed from Persian gezer but was passed to XI. century Oghuz Turkic from gacur which was Sanskrit origin. Kâşgarlı Mahmud Dîvânü Lugâti’t-Türk’te Oğuzca geşür “havuç” kelimesini turma “turp” maddesi içerisinde değerlendirir. Türklerin önemli bir kısmının havuca sarıg turma dediklerini ifade eder. Arguların ve Oğuzların “havuç” karşılığı kullandıkları gezri ve geşür kelimelerinin Farsça aynı anlamdaki gezer’in değişmiş biçimleri olduğunu da sözlerine ekler. Bu çalışmada en eski örneğini Dîvânü Lugâti’t-Türk’te tespit edebildiğimiz geşür “havuç” kelimesinin kökeni üzerinde durulacaktır. Kelimenin Farsça gezer’den değil Sanskrit kökenli gacur kelimesinden XI. yüzyıl Oğuz Türkçesine geçtiği ispatlanmaya çalışılacaktır.

  6. Tallinna arhitektuuribiennaal arvamustes / Tomomi Hayashi, Andres Sevtšuk, Olga Maria Hungar ...[jt.] ; intervjueerinud Veronika Valk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2013-01-01

    Välisministeeriumi majast, näitusele viivast trepiinstallatsioonist, Singapuri tehnoloogia- ja disainiülikooli City Form Labi väljapanekust "Koolide näitusel" Tallinna Linnahallis, sotsialistlikust arhitektuurist ja nõukogude ruumipärandist, Väike-Õismäe visioonivõistlusest, arhitektide kui avaliku arvamuse kujundajate rollist

  7. V strane piramid : zhizn i trudõ Otto Friedricha von Richtera / Sergei Stadnikov ; tõlk. Veronika Einberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Stadnikov, Sergei, 1956-

    2003-01-01

    Vastse-Kuustest pärit egüptoloogist Otto Friedrich von Richter'ist (1791-1816). Richteri ja Lindmani Egiptuse-Nuubia ekspeditsioonist, Tartu Ülikooli Muinasteaduse muuseumile annetatud kollektsioonist

  8. Kas tüdrukud jõuavad järele? Soolise infokihistumise arengujoontest Eestis / Veronika Kalmus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalmus, Veronika, 1973-

    2004-01-01

    Sugudevahelistest erinevustest infotehnoloogia kasutamises ning olulise informatsiooni valdamises. 14-19-aastaste noorte seas tehtud küsitlusuuringute tulemustest. Diagrammid: Internetiühenduse olemasolu kodus (%); Interneti märkimisväärne kasutamine (%); Arvutikasutusoskuste keskmised enesehinnangud. Tabelid: Infokihistumise aspektid soo lõikes vanuserühmades 2002-03. a.; Lineaarse regressioonanalüüsi tulemused

  9. Ettevõtte strateegia ja kinnisvara väärtus / Veronika Ilsjan, Ene Kolbre, Signe Liiv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilsjan, Veronika

    2003-01-01

    Ettevõtte strateegia ja kinnisvarastrateegia ühendamine on kahesuunaline protsess - ettevõtte strateegia peab sisaldama kinnisvaraga arvestamist ja kinnisvara juhtimine lähtuma ettevõtte strateegiast. Tabel. Joonis

  10. Uurijad : arvatavalt tappis Veronika Dari alaealine narkosõltlasest palgamõrvar / Ulvar Käärt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Käärt, Ulvar, 1982-

    2006-01-01

    Arreteeriti kolm Viktoria Dari mõrvas kahtlustatavat. Mõrv võis olla tellimustöö, kuid väidetavalt oli tegelik sihtmärk Riigi Kinnisvara AS-i juht Tiit Ottis. Vt. samas lühiintervjuud Tiit Ottisega. Lisa: Tütarlaps hukkus kooliteel

  11. Mis tüüpi kodanikud on Eesti noored? / Veronika Kalmus, Mai Beilmann ; kommenteerinud Ilona-Evelyn Rannala

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalmus, Veronika, 1973-

    2017-01-01

    Eesti noorte ühiskondliku aktiivsuse tüpoloogiast. Kasutatud on projekti CATCH-EyoU raames 2016. a. lõpus korraldatud veebiküsitlusele vastanud 15-30aastaste noorte andmeid. Tallinna Ülikooli noorsootöö lektori Ilona-Evelyn Rannala kommentaar artikli kohta noorsootöö seisukohast

  12. La Macédoine des Jeunes-Turcs et l’hellénisme à travers la presse grecque : 1908-1910 Hellenism and the Young Turks Macedonia through the Greek newspapers 1908-1910 Ο αγώνας για τη μακεδονική γη : ένα ελληνικό σχέδιο του 1909

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sia Anagnostopoulou

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Entre juillet 1908 et le début de 1910, la presse grecque, face aux Jeunes-Turcs, passe de l’enthousiasme à la méfiance puis à la critique radicale. Elle espère d’abord que la liberté et l’égalité permettront l’helléno-ottomanisme, une domination gréco-turque de l’Empire qui éviterait l’emprise bulgare en Macédoine, sujet d’inquiétude principal des nationalistes grecs de 1908. En fait, le patriotisme « ottoman » est pour chaque « nation » de l’Empire une bonne occasion pour masquer son propre nationalisme. Au printemps 1909, la presse grecque découvre que l’ottomanisme peut laisser la place au « turcisme », son enthousiasme pour les Jeunes-Turcs tombe rapidement, le salut ne viendra pas de l’ottomanisme, mais de la Grèce, de sa préparation militaire face aux Turcs définitivement « barbares ».Between July 1908 and the beginning of 1910, the Greek press, towards the Young Turks, from enthusiasm changed to suspicion and radical criticism. Its first hopes are in a liberty and equality allowing to the helleno-ottomanism a greek-turkish domination which could push away any bulgarian hold over Macedonia, that is to say the main concern of Greek nationalists in 1908. In spring 1909, the Greek press understands that “helleno-ottomanism” may lead to “turkism”, its enthusiasm for the Young Turks soon and quickly falls down, salvation won’t come from “ottomanism” but from Greece itself and from its military preparation versus the Turks, for ever “barbarians”.Μεταξύ Ιουλίου του 1908 και αρχών του 1910, ο ελληνικός τύπος αντιμετωπίζει το κίνημα των Νεότουρκων περνώντας από τον ενθουσιασμό στη δυσπιστία, καταλήγοντας σε απόλυτη κριτική. Κατ´αρχάς ελπίζει ότι ελευθερία και ισότητα θα επιτρέψουν

  13. The organisational legitimacy of immigrant groups: Turks and Moroccans in Amsterdam

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vermeulen, F.; Brünger, M.

    2014-01-01

    This article analyses the organising process of Turkish and Moroccan immigrant groups in Amsterdam over a long-term period. In it, we argue that organisational legitimacy is the driving factor of an organisational process. We understand legitimacy as a generalised belief that an organisation's

  14. The Feasibility of Ottomanism as a Nationalist Project: the View of Albanian Young Turk Ismail Kemal

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Taglia, Stefano

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 56, 3-4 (2016), s. 336-358 ISSN 0043-2539 Institutional support: RVO:68378009 Keywords : nationalism * Ottomanism *  İsmail Kemal * Committee of Union and Progress *  Sultan Abdülhamid II * Mehmet Sabahettin * Albania * Ahmet Rıza Subject RIV: AB - History

  15. Straight-line assimilation in home-leaving? A comparison of Turks, Somalis and Danes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Rikke Skovgaard

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to test the evidence for spatial assimilation and straight-line assimilation in the transition of leaving home in Denmark. Based on data from the extensive Danish registers, the paper analyses the home-leaving patterns of Danes, Turkish immigrants, Turkish descendants...

  16. A different kind of honor culture : Family honor and aggression in Turks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Osch, Y.M.J.; Breugelmans, S.M.; Zeelenberg, M.; Bölük, P.

    2013-01-01

    Masculine honor has been found to explain the relationship between insults and aggression in the USA. However, detailed accounts of Mediterranean honor cultures suggest that family honor may be more important in explaining cross-cultural differences in aggression. Two studies revealed that people

  17. Rashid al-Din. Shu’ab-i Panjganah. 2. The Mongols and Turks (3

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khamidova Ch.I.

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Research objectives and materials: The article presents a section of the translation from Persian of the 2nd chapter of the manuscript. This part contains a genealogical tree of Chaghadai, Ögedei Khan, Tölui, Möngke Khan (containing their descendants as known by Rashid al-Din. Research results and novelty: The results of translation and analyses of the text of the manuscript could serve in various purposes: study of Rashid al-Din’s heritage, Golden Horde history, genealogical history of the Chinggisid rulers and their descendants, etc. The translation of the manuscript has heretofore never been published in part or fully.

  18. Rashid al-din. Shu’ab-i Panjganah. 2. The Mongols and the Turks (2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ch.I. Khamidova

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Research objectives and materials: The article presents part of the translation of the 2nd chapter of the manuscript. This part contains a genealogical tree of Jochi Khan (his descendants known to Rashid al-din. The footnotes present the Arabic writing of the names in the manuscript. The results of translation and analyses of the text of the manuscript could serve to various purposes: study of Rashid al-Din’s heritage, Golden Horde history, genealogical history of Jochi Khan and his descendants. The translation of the manuscript has never been published neither partly nor fully. Research results and novelty: The genealogy of Jochi Khan’s ancestors in “Shu’ab-i panjganah” mainly repeats the information from Jami ‘al-Tawarikh, although additional data is also available. The genealogy of the descendants of Jochi in “Shu’ab-i panjganah” contains fifteen of his sons. In fact, there are 10 genealogical lines, since five of them did not have any offspring, or they are not known (these are the lines of Berke, Kukadzhi, Dzhilaraun, Mohammed, Shinkum. Jochi’s genealogy contains some notes regarding the succession to the throne in the Golden Horde: the name of the ruler of the Golden Horde is written in red ink, also sometimes the author notes that one or the other descendant of Jochi took the throne, indicating the order of succession to the throne. These notes offer two variants of succession of rulers; a comparison of the text of “Shu’ab-i panjganah” with the text of Rashid al-din’s main historical writing “Jami ‘al-Tawarikh” does not clarify the situation as, for example, Kukadzhi who is presented in one variant of order of succession, is absent in “Jami ‘al-Tawarikh”.

  19. Rashid al-Din. Shu’ab-i Panjganah. 2. The Mongols and Turks (4

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ch.I. Khamidova

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Research objectives and materials: The article presents a section of the translation from Persian of the 2nd chapter of the manuscript. This part contains a genealogical tree of Kubilai, Timur Khan, Arik Buka, Hulagu, Ahmad Khan, containing also those of their descendants who were known to Rashid al-Din. Research results and novelty: The results of translation and analyses of the manuscript text could serve in various purposes: the study of Rashid al-Din’s heritage, Golden Horde history, the genealogical history of the Chinggisid rulers and their descendants, etc. The translation of the manuscript has heretofore never been published in part or fully.

  20. Rashid al-Din. Shu’ab-i panjganah. 2. The Mongols and Turks (1 »

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chulpan I. Khamidova

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Research objectives and materials: The “Shu’ab-i panjganah” is a Persian manuscript of Rashid al-Din’s works – the medieval historian who lived in Persia and worked at the Ilkhanid court at the end of the 13th – beginning of the 14th centuries. The manuscript is a largely genealogical work written on the basis of a more comprehensive historical work of Rashid al-Din – “Jami al-Tawarikh”. “Shu’ab-i panjganah” contains genealogies of the prophets of Abrahamic religions, the rulers of the Arab Caliphate until the conquest of Baghdad by the Mongols, the Chinese dynasties and rulers of the Holy Roman Empire, as well as a list of the Popes. The greatest interest for this study is spurred by the fifth part, dedicated to the Chinggisids. The article presents a part of the translation of the 2nd chapter of the manuscript. This part contains a genealogical tree of Chinggis Khan (from his ancestor Dubun bayan, but without his descendants. The results of translation and analyses of the text of the manuscript could serve to various purposes: study of Rashid al-Din’s heritage, Great Horde history, genealogical history of Chinggis Khan and his descendants. The translation of the manuscript has never been published neither partly nor fully. Research results and novelty: The genealogy of Chinggis Khan’s ancestors contained in “Shu’ab-i panjganah” mainly repeats the information from “Jami al-Tawarikh”, although additional data is also available. Comparison of “Shu’ab-i panjganah” with brief genealogical tables in “Jami al-Tawarikh” shows that, on the one hand, “Shu’ab-i panjganah” is an addition to “Jami al-Tawarikh”, and on the other hand, the tables in “Jami al-Tawarikh” is a kind of rough version of the genealogical trees contained in “Shu’ab-i panjganah”.

  1. A different kind of honor culture : Family honor and aggression in Turks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Osch, Yvette; Breugelmans, Seger M.; Zeelenberg, Marcel; Bölük, Pinar

    Masculine honor has been found to explain the relationship between insults and aggression in the USA. However, detailed accounts of Mediterranean honor cultures suggest that family honor may be more important in explaining cross-cultural differences in aggression. Two studies revealed that people

  2. Yane Sandanski as a political leader in Macedonia in the era of the Young Turks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Hacısalihoğlu

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Yane Sandanski a été de son vivant un héros dans la population macédonienne, et après sa mort, une légende dans toute la région et le sujet de nombreux chants populaires dans la région. Cependant, son image est aujourd’hui très controversée dans les historiographies des États balkaniques. Révolutionnaire, politicien et hommes d’affaires, il a été tué par les nationalistes bulgares en 1915. Il est difficile maintenant de formuler un jugement définitif sur son rôle et ses buts politiques. A-t-il trahi les intérêts nationaux bulgares en Macédoine ? Sans aucun doute ! Mais son alliance avec le CUP a protégé sa région de toute oppression de ce côté. Il était assurément pour une autonomie de la Macédoine, mais cela ne signifie pas qu’il considérait les chrétiens slaves de la région comme une nation distincte, une « nation macédonienne ».Yane Sandanski has been a hero among the Macedonian population in his lifetime, and after his death a legend in the region and the subject of many folksongs in the region. However his image is today very controversial in national historiographies in the Balkan states. Revolutionary, politician and businessman in the end, he was killed by the Bulgarian nationalists in 1915. Now it is difficult to give an absolute evaluation of his role and his political aims. Was he a betrayer of the national Bulgarian interests in Macedonia? definitely yes! But his alliance with the CUP protected his region from any oppression from this part. He was sure for an autonomy of Macedonia, but this does not mean that he regarded the Slavic Christians in Macedonia as a separate nation, namely a “Macedonian nation”.Yane Sandanski henüz hayattayken Makedonya halkı arasında kahraman olmuş Makedonyalı bir ihtilalci idi ve ölümünden sonra bölgede bir çok halk türküsüne konu olan bir efsane haline geldi. Bununla birlikte Sandanski günümüzde Balkan ülkelerinin tarih yazımlarında çelişkili bir imaja sahiptir. Önce ihtilalci, sonra politikacı ve daha sonra da işadamı olan Sandanski 1915 yılında Bulgar milliyetçileri tarafından öldürüldü. Sandanski’nin rolü ve siyasi amaçları hakkında kesin bir değerlendirme yapmak günümüzde oldukça zordur. Makedonya’daki Bulgar milliyetçi hedeflerinin düşmanı mıydı ? Kesinlikle evet ! Fakat onun İttihad ve Terakki Cemiyeti ile ittifakı, etkisi altında bulunan bölgeyi hükümetin her türlü baskısından korudu. Şüphesiz Makedonya’nın özerkliğini savunuyordu, fakat bu Sandanski’nin Makedonya’daki Slav Hıristiyanları ayrı bir ulus, yani bir “Makedonya ulusu” olarak gördüğü anlamına gelmez.

  3. Homer, Troy and the Turks: Heritage & identity in the Late Ottoman Empire 1870-1915

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Uslu, G.

    2015-01-01

    The origins and date of birth of the most famous Greek poet Homer, the author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, which are without doubt the most influential literary works in the history of Western civilization, are uncertain. Neither is it clear exactly where and when the Iliad, an episode of the

  4. Impact of Hurricane Irma on Little Ambergris Cay, Turks and Caicos

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stein, N.; Grotzinger, J. P.; Hayden, A.; Quinn, D. P.; Trower, L.; Lingappa, U.; Present, T. M.; Gomes, M.; Orzechowski, E. A.; Fischer, W. W.

    2017-12-01

    Little Ambergris Cay (21.3° N, 71.7° W) is a 6 km long, 1.6 km wide island on the Caicos platform. The island was the focus of mapping campaigns in July 2016, August 2017, and following Hurricane Irma in September 2017. The cay is lined with lithified upper shoreface and eolian ooid grainstone forming a 1-4 m high bedrock rim that is locally breached, allowing tides to inundate an interior basin lined with extensive microbial mats. The island was mapped in July of 2016 using UAV- and satellite-based images and in situ measurements. Sedimentologic and biofacies were mapped onto a 15 cm/pixel visible light orthomosaic of the cay made from more than 1500 UAV images, and a corresponding stereogrammetric digital elevation model (DEM) was used to track how microbial mat texture varies in response to water depth. An identical UAV-based visible light map of the island was made in August 2017. On September 7th, 2017, the eye of hurricane Irma directly crossed Little Ambergris Cay with sustained winds exceeding 170 MPH. The island was remapped with a UAV on September 24th, yielding a 5 cm/pixel UAV-based visible light orthomosaic and a corresponding DEM. In situ observations and comparison with previous UAV maps shows that Irma caused significant channel and bedrock erosion, scouring and removal of broad tracts of microbial mats, and blanketing by ooid sediment of large portions of the interior basin including smothering of mats by up to 1 m of sediment. The southern rim of the cay was overtopped by water and sediment, indicating a storm surge of at least 3 m. Blocks of rock more than 1 m in length and 50 cm thick were separated from bedrock on the north side of the island and washed higher to form imbricated boulder deposits. Hundreds of 5-30 cm diameter imbricated rip-up intraclasts of rounded microbial mat now line exposed bedrock in the interior basin. Fresh ooid sediment and microbial mats were sampled from three sites: on desiccated mats 50 cm above tide level, on submerged mats in the interior basin, and on mats near the head of a newly incised channel. This work highlights how major disturbances alter sedimentological and biofacies distributions on carbonate platforms and provides insight into interpreting carbonate sedimentology and biosignatures in the rock record.

  5. PRESENTATION OF VIOLENCE IN L OVE THEMED TV SERIES IN TURKE Y

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Çiğdem TAŞ ALİCENAP

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Violence is an inseparable part of our lives. Mass media is the public domain in which the violence is widely presented. Among all the mass media mediums which have numerous functions in our daily lives such as informing, entertaining, educating, etc.; television, without a doubt, takes the highest amount of time. In recent years, the number of television series on channels has increased and the fact of violence has been presented in these programs. Here in this research it has been questioned whether physical, psychological and verbal violence are used in love-themed TV series or not; and if yes, it has been questioned who is inflicting violence towards whom. In this context four love-themed TV series which were broadcasted in four Turkish channels with the highest rating record between the years of 2006 and 2010 were studied by using content analysis method in accordance with the violence categories. The data gathered by the analysis has shown that not only the series based on action; but also the series based on human affairs such as family, friendship, love, etc. include violence.

  6. Folik Asit Takviyesi Turk Toplumunda Gebelerde Serum Folat Duzeyini Nasil Etkilemektedir?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alev Ozer

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Aim: To determine the effect of the use of folic acid supplementation on serum folate levels in Turkish pregnant women. Material and Method: Clinical records of a total of 397 patients were retrospectively examined. The patients were recruited into 2 groups based on folic acid supplementation. Group 1 included 294 women who did not take any folic acid tablets before or during pregnancy and Group 2 consisted of 103 women who regularly took 400 mcg of folic acid daily, starting from the preconception period. Both groups were compared with respect to demographic and biochemical characteristics. Results: The patients in Group 1 and 2 had statistically similar pre-pregnancy and pregnancy hemoglobin, pre-pregnancy and pregnancy serum calcium, and pre-pregnancy and pregnancy serum folate concentrations (p=0.544, p=0.549, p=0.289, p=0.299, p=0.072, and p=0.061 respectively. No statistically significant difference was determined between pre-pregnancy and pregnancy folate concentrations in Group 1 (p=0.059. Pre-pregnancy and pregnancy folate concentrations were statistically similar in Group 2 (p=0.057. Both study groups were determined as statistically similar with respect to perinatal outcomes, including molar pregnancy, intrauterine demise, neural tube defects, ventricular septal defect, fetal growth restriction, preeclampsia, preterm birth, birth weight, neonatal intensive care unit admission, and 1st minute and 5th minute Apgar scores (p=0.760, p=0.576, p=0.382, p=0.553, p=0.452, p=0.940, p=0.683, p=0.855, p=0.710, p=0.910, and p=0.924 respectively. Discussion: Based on the findings of the present study, it may be considered that serum folate concentrations in pregnant women can be maintained by dietary intake alone of over 4.5 ng/ml.

  7. Rahapesu ja terrorismi rahastamise tõkestamise seaduse kohaldamise probleemid notarite ametitegevuses : [magistritöö] / Veronika Aunpu ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Ene Andresen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aunpu, Veronika

    2009-01-01

    Notarite kaasamisest rahapesu ja terrorismi rahastamise tõkestamiseks, tugevdatud hoolsusmeetmete kohaldamise vajalikkusele osundavatest riskidest notari ametitegevuses, notari kohustustest rahapesu või terrorismi rahastamise kahtlusega tehingute korral

  8. Seksuaalne ahistamine töösuhetes : [bakalaureusetöö] / Veronika Mirzojeva ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Gaabriel Tavits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mirzojeva, Veronika

    2007-01-01

    Seksuaalse ahistamise alase õigusliku regulatsiooni kujunemine Euroopa Liidus ja Eestis, mõiste sisu, tööandja hoolitsuskohustus ja vastutus, tõendamiskohustus ja õiguskaitsevahendite kohaldamine

  9. SWRO feed water quality improvement using subsurface intakes in Oman, Spain, Turks and Caicos Islands, and Saudi Arabia

    KAUST Repository

    Rachman, Rinaldi

    2014-10-01

    Water quality sampling and analysis conducted at four global locations, along the shorelines of the Arabian Sea, the Red Sea, the Mediterranean Sea, and the Caribbean Sea, demonstrated that subsurface intakes (wells) provide a robust degree of feed water treatment close to that provided by energy-intensive, conventional pretreatment systems. SDI values were reduced in virtually all cases to below 3. In vertical wells, from 70 to 100% of the TEP and 50% of the TOC and DOC found in natural seawater were removed in the aquifer. Reduction in the concentration of the organic fractions was selective based on molecular weight with the biopolymers nearly fully removed. Humic substances, building blocks, and light organic substances were removed at lesser percentages. Site geology was not the predominant factor affecting the removal efficiency, but the length of the flow path from the sea to the wells and the hydraulic retention time appear to be most significant. A comparison between vertical wells, a tunnel intake system, and a horizontal drain system at Alicante, Spain, demonstrated that the vertical wells performed best followed by the tunnel system, and the horizontal drain system which showed a breakthrough of algae and a very high organic carbon concentration. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.

  10. SWRO feed water quality improvement using subsurface intakes in Oman, Spain, Turks and Caicos Islands, and Saudi Arabia

    KAUST Repository

    Rachman, Rinaldi; Li, Sheng; Missimer, Thomas M.

    2014-01-01

    water treatment close to that provided by energy-intensive, conventional pretreatment systems. SDI values were reduced in virtually all cases to below 3. In vertical wells, from 70 to 100% of the TEP and 50% of the TOC and DOC found in natural seawater

  11. Gender, Development, Values, Adaptation, and Discrimination in Acculturating Adolescents: The Case of Turk Heritage Youth Born and Living in Belgium

    OpenAIRE

    Güngör, Derya; Bornstein, Marc H

    2009-01-01

    This study addressed gender differences and similarities in acculturation, values, adaptation, and perceived discrimination among middle (14-17 years) and late (18-20 years) adolescents. Girls perceived less discrimination and showed better adaptation than did boys. All adolescents valued openness to change and self-transcendence similarly, but older adolescents attached greater importance to their heritage culture and conservatism. Overall, a larger gender gap in acculturation experiences em...

  12. Памятник композитору Эдуарду Тубину, Тарту = Monument to the composer Eduard Tubin, Tartu / Илья Архипенко

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Архипенко, Илья

    2010-01-01

    Eduard Tubina monumendist Tartus. Arhitekt Veronika Valk (Zizi & Yoyo), skulptor Aili Vahtrapuu. Kompleks koosneb kahest elemendist: traditsioonilisest mälestusmärgist ja interaktiivsest installatsioonist

  13. Vesi peale! Ikka ja jälle Tallinna sadamaala kujundamisest / Triin Ojari

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojari, Triin, 1974-

    2007-01-01

    Tallinna sadamaala erinevatest planeeringutest ning arhitektuurikonkurssidest (Irina Raud, Veronika Valk, Villem Tomiste, Jan Verwijnen, Indrek Pottisep, Lembit Tork, Erik Konze, Taylor&Chapman). Näiteid Euroopast

  14. Paikse Euroopa Liidu kodaniku perekonna taasühinemise õigus : [magistritöö] / Veronika Kaska ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendajad: Aare Reenumägi, Carri Ginter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaska, Veronika, 1981-

    2013-01-01

    Immigratsioonipoliitika eesmärkidest ja õiguslikust raamistikust, kodakondsuse eesmärkidest ja ja selle õiguslikust regulatsioonist, Euroopa Kohtu praktikast ja selle mõjust Eesti välismaalaste õigusele

  15. Elu mütoloogilises psühhoruumis / Vaapo Vaher

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaher, Vaapo, 1945-

    2009-01-01

    Tutvustus: Lukjanenko, Sergei. Öine Vahtkond / tlk. Tanel Rõigas. Tallinn : Varrak, 2008 ; Rubina, Dina. Päikeselisel tänavapoolel / tlk. Veronika Einberg. Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2008 ; Suhhotšev, Aleksandr. Goa sündroom / tlk. Veronika Einberg. Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2008

  16. Les Jeunes-Turcs dans la littérature grecque : entre légende et réalité The Young Turks in Greek litterature: between legend and reality Οι Νεότουρκοι στην ελληνική λογοτεχνία: ανάμεσα στο μύθο: και στην πραγματικότητα

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georges Kostakiotis

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Les Jeunes-Turcs dans la nouvelle de Myrivilis, Vassilis l’Arvanite, publiée1 en 1943, le roman de Samouïlidis, Karamanites, publié en 1965 et celui de Réa Stathopoulou, Le Roi des Chiffres, paru en 2006, des textes écrits par des écrivains issus de milieux différents en des temps différents et qui décrivent des milieux différents. Pour les trois, le mouvement de Thessalonique inaugure une ère riche d’espoirs, Liberté, Égalité, Justice enthousiasment les populations, mais si Myrivilis reste fidèle à ce message de fraternité, Samouïlidis et Réa Stathopoulou, plus réalistes, construisant des récits qui portent sur la longue durée, sont plus critiques : nul n’imaginait qu’il en viendrait à regretter un jour le « bon vieux temps » d’Abd-ul-Hamid !In the novel “ Vasilis Arvanitis ”, by Myrivilis, published in 1943, as well as in the novel “ Karamanites ”, by Samouilidis, published in 1965, and finally in “ the King of Figures ” of Rea Stathopoulou, published in 2006, the Young Turks are being mentioned. All three books were written by writers coming from different backgrounds, belonging to different eras, while the three writers focus on different social backgrounds. For all three of them, the movement of Thessaloniki marks the beginning of an era rich in hope, history, equality and justice, intoxicating the masses with this message. Myrivilis focuses more on the message of fraternity, while Samouilidis ans Rea Stathopoulou, stay closer to realism, while they construct their narration more around the long term duration, and criticism. Nobody could fathom that someday, one would come to reminisce with nostalgia the “good old days” of Abd-ul-Hamid.Tο διήγημα του Μυριβήλη, Ο Βασίλης ο Αρβανίτης που δημοσιεύτηκε το 19432, το μυθιστόρημα του Σαμουηλίδη, Καραμανίτες που δημοσιεύτηκε το 1965

  17. L’image du Turc dans la poésie épique serbe The image of Turk in the epic serbian poetry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanja Bošković

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available L’œuvre de Vuk Karadjitch et son évocation de l’image du Turc dans la poésie épique serbe. Persuadé que la poésie épique serbe porte une valeur exceptionnelle dans la formation de la langue elle-même ainsi que dans la constitution de l’identité nationale et de la mémoire collective, Vuk Karadjitch se hâte, durant toute sa vie, de rencontrer les chanteurs épiques-aèdes pour les écouter et noter les poèmes. C’est ainsi qu’il réussit à recueillir environ mille chants populaires.Les critères de systématisation de Vuk Karadjitch prennent en compte le contenu thématique des poèmes. Il divise les chants en deux familles : les poèmes féminins traitant des sujets appropriés, et les poèmes masculins qui évoquent les thèmes héroïques, les batailles, les guerres, les personnages et les événements importants de l’histoire. Les chants masculins sont au centre de nos recherches dans cette étude. Ces poèmes qui parlent des batailles sanglantes et de l’héroïsme national se situent historiquement à l’époque de l’envahissement turc des territoires serbes. Selon les différentes périodes de l’occupation ottomane, on peut voir l’évolution de l’image de l’occupant turc, construite dans l’imaginaire collectif. Dans la présence turque, les Serbes ne voyaient pas seulement l’envahisseur cruel, mais surtout leur propre échec qui les fait appeler constamment à la vengeance et à la révolte. En ce sens, la poésie épique serbe de l’époque de la domination turque n’est qu’une longue épopée sur un thème unique : la liberté.Persuaded that epic Serbian poetry plays an exceptional part in the formation of the language itself as well as in the constitution of a national identity and collective memory, Vuk Karadjich hurries throughout his life to meet traditional epic-singers and note down their poems. It is in this way he is able to collect around one thousand popular songs.Vuk Karadjich’s criteria for systematisation take into account the thematic content of the poems. In his collection, he divides the songs into two categories: the female poems, dealing with appropriate subjects, and the masculine poems, evoking heroic themes, battles, wars, important people and events of history. The masculine songs are also at the centre of our research in this study. These poems of bloody battles and of national heroism are situated historically during the time of the Turkish invasions of the Serbian territories. Following the different periods of the Ottoman occupation, we can see the evolution of the image of the Turkish invader formed in the collective imaginary. In the Turkish occupation, the Serbs do not only see the cruel invader but above all they see their own adversity which makes them constantly call for vengeance and revolt. In this sense, the epic Serbian poetry from the era of the Turkish domination is but one long epic on a single theme: liberty.

  18. Clinical Characteristics of Patients with Newly Diagnosed Diabetic Macular Edema in Turkey: A Real-Life Registry Study—TURK-DEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bora Eldem

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. To evaluate the clinical and diagnostic characteristics of patients with newly diagnosed diabetic macular edema (DME in Turkey in a real-life setting. Methods. A total of 945 consecutive patients (mean (SD age: 61.3 (9.9 years, 55.2% male with newly diagnosed DME were included. Data on patient demographics, comorbidities, ocular history, ophthalmic examination findings including type of DME, central macular thickness (CMT via time domain (TD and spectral domain (SD optical coherence tomography (OCT, and planned treatments were recorded. Results. OCT (98.8% and fundoscopy (92.9% were the two most common diagnostic methods. Diffuse and focal DMEs were detected in 39.2% and 36.9% of cases, respectively. Laser photocoagulation (32.1% and antivascular endothelial growth factors (anti-VEGF; 31.8% were the most commonly planned treatments. The median CMT in the right eye was significantly greater in untreated than in treated patients [376.5 μm (range: 160–840 versus 342 μm (range: 146–999 (p=0.002] and in the left eye [370 μm (range: 201–780 versus 329 μm (range: 148–999 (p<0.001]. Conclusions. This study is the first large-scale real-life registry of DME patients in Turkey. SD-OCT and fundoscopy were the most common diagnostic methods. Laser photocoagulation and anti-VEGF therapy were the most common treatments.

  19. Electronıc Document Management System in the Turkısh Publıc Sector and Recommendatıons

    OpenAIRE

    ABACI, Kenan

    2015-01-01

    In a world of acceleration of alteration, where management mentality of the society is basing on necessitates of globalization andinformation, a need of changes came forward in public management systems, the alteration from industrial society to informationsociety has been made public management information systems quite important. Taking into account the necessity of providingpublic services in the best way, using information technologies is the best way for understanding a new public manage...

  20. Culture–General and –Specific Associations of Attachment Avoidance and Anxiety with Perceived Parental Warmth and Psychological Control among Turk and Belgian Adolescents

    OpenAIRE

    Güngör, Derya; Bornstein, Marc H.

    2010-01-01

    Both the adolescent peer attachment and perceived parenting style literatures emphasize the role of the quality of the parent–child relationship in children's healthy adjustment beyond the family, but few studies have investigated links between adolescents' peer attachment and perceptions of parenting. We investigate relations of adolescents' perceptions of warmth and psychological control from parents with avoidance and anxiety in attachment to close friends in two contrasting cultures. Alto...

  1. Alltagskulturen von Türken und Deutschen: Ähnlichkeiten und Unterschiede im Vergleich Daily Cultures of Turks and Germans: Similarities and Differences in Comparison

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Heute werden die Grenzen zwischen Länder entfernt, die Distanzen kürzer gemacht und damit gewinnt die Interaktion von Individuen aus verschiedenen Gesellschaften Intensität und Häufigkeit. Darüber hinaus, aufgrund der gesellschaftlichen Entwicklungen, die von Tag zu Tag den internationalen Beziehungen, Migrationen und der Kommunikation zwischen Länder verschiedene Dimensionen geben, ist die Konfrontation von vielen verschiedenen Kulturen eine unvermeidliche Tatsache geworden.In der modernen Welt, die sich schnell globalisiert, wenn die Konfrontation und Verschmelzung der Kulturen diskutiert werden, handelt es sich -ohne Zweifel- nicht um die ohne Rücksicht auf Mensch gebildeten, künstlichen Systeme, vielmehr um die Konfrontation und Verschmelzung von Menschen. Die Menschen konfrontieren immer mit Situationen, in denen sie mit ihren einzigartigen Werturteile, Gewohnheiten und Lebensweisen kommunizieren zu brauchen, die sie im Zusammenhang mit den Strukturen und Eigenschaften ihrer Gesellschaft erwerben und als dessen Folge, die sowohl von sich selbst als Individuen, als auch von ihrer Gesellschaft abhängigen Merkmale beinhalten. Während dieser Interaktion existieren sie mit ihren „Alltagskulturen“, die nicht vernachlässigt werden können, um aus menschlichen Beziehungen einen Sinn zu bekommen. Die erfolgreiche Durchführung der Kommunikation zwischen Menschen hängt fest nicht nur auf die korrekte Verwendung der Sprache, sondern auch darauf, gegenüber den „Alltagskulturen“ der fremden Gesellschaften gastfreundlich zu sein und sie richtig zu verstehen und interpretieren. Auch die Globalisierung der Welt und der rasche Fortschritt in Technologie zeigen, dass es von großer Bedeutung ist, die als Folge der häufigen Konfrontation verschiedener Alltagskulturen auftretenden, eventuellen Missverständnisse und Kommunikationsmängel zu verringern, und damit eine interkulturelle Kompetenz zu entwickeln.In dieser Arbeit werden daher einige Beispiele verglichen, die die türkischen und deutschen Alltagskulturen reflektieren; Ähnlichkeiten und Unterschiede werden mit dem Zweck diskutiert, die zwischen den türkischen und deutschen Individuen höchstwahrscheinlich entstehenden Kommunikationshindernisse zu verringern und eine interkulturelle Kompetenz zu erwerben. Günümüzde ülkeler arasındaki sınırlar kalkmış, mesafelerkısalmış ve çok farklı toplumlara mensup bireylerin birbirleriyleetkileşimleri yoğunlık ve sıklık kazanmıştır. Bununla birlikteuluslararası ilişkilere, ülkeler arası göçlere ve iletişime gün geçtikçefarklı boyutlar kazandıran toplumsal gelişmeler nedeniyle pek çok farklıkültürün de karşılaşması kaçınılmaz bir durum haline gelmiştir.Hızla globalleşen modern dünyada kültürlerin karşılaşması,kaynaşması söz konusu olduğunda anlatılmak istenen şüphesiz insanunsurundan bağımsız oluşturulmuş yapay sistemlerin değil, insanlarınkarşılaşması ve kaynaşmasıdır. İnsanlar içinde bulundukları toplumunyapısı ve özelliklerine bağlı olarak edindikleri, dolayısıyla hemkendilerinden hem de ait oldukları toplumdan izler taşıyan değerleri,alışkanlıkları ve yaşam biçimleriyle iletişim kurmak ve birbirleriyleanlaşmak durumudadırlar. Bu etkileşim sırasında insan ilişkilerinianlamlandırmada göz ardı edilemeyecek „gündelik kültürleri“ ile varolurlar. İnsanlar arasında gerçekleşen iletişimin başarılı bir şekildeamacına ulaşması, iletişim dilini doğru bir şekilde kullanabilmenin yanısıra bireylerin kendi kültürlerinden oldukça farklı unsurlar barındıran,yabancısı olunan toplumların söz konusu gündelik kültürlerine açıkolunması, bunların anlaşılması ve doğru yorumlanmasına sıkı sıkıyabağlıdır. Dünyanın globalleşmesi, teknolojinin hızla ilerlemesi de,sürekli birbirleriyle karşılaşma durumunda kalan farklı gündelikkültürlerin yol açabileceği yanlış anlaşılmalar ve dolayısıylaoluşabilecek iletişim eksikliklerini en aza indirmenin ve kültürler arasıbeceri geliştirmenin büyük önem taşıdığını göstermektedir.Bu nedenle bu çalışmada özellikle Türk ve Alman bireylerarasında oluşabilecek olası iletişim engellerini azaltmaya vekültürlerarası beceri edinmeye yardımcı olması amacıyla Türk ve Almangündelik kültürlerini yansıtan bir takım örnekler karşılaştırılmakta,benzerlikler ve farklılıklar üzerinde durulmaktadır.

  2. Context, Biogeochemistry, and Morphology of Diverse and Spatially Extensive Microbial Mats, Little Ambergris Cay, Turks and Caicos Islands, B.W.I.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Present, T. M.; Trower, L.; Stein, N.; Alleon, J.; Bahniuk, A.; Gomes, M. L.; Lingappa, U.; Metcalfe, K.; Orzechowski, E. A.; Riedman, L. A.; Sanders, C. B.; Morris, D. K.; O'Reilly, S.; Sibert, E. C.; Thorpe, M.; Tarika, M.; Fischer, W. W.; Knoll, A. H.; Grotzinger, J. P.

    2017-12-01

    Little Ambergris Cay (21.3° N, 71.7° W) was the site of an integrated geobiological study conducted in July 2016 and August 2017. The cay ( 6 km x 1.6 km) is developed on a broad bank influenced by strong easterly trade winds (avg. 7.5 m/s), where convergent ooid shoals culminate in a linear shoal extending almost 25 km westward from the cay. Lithified upper shoreface to eolian ooid grainstones form a 2 m high bedrock rim that protects an extensive interior tidal marsh with well-developed microbial mats. Local breaches in the rim allow tidal flows to inundate interior bays floored by microbial mats. Three mat types were observed based on texture: dark toned "blister mat" that flanks the bays where they intersect with the bedrock rim; light-toned "polygonal mat" that covers broad tracts of the bay and is exposed at low tide; and lighter-toned "EPS mat" that is generally submerged even at low tide. The millimeter-to decimeter-thick layered mats overlie laterally extensive ooid sands, generally unlithified except for a few hardgrounds. The mats and underlying sediments were sampled by vibracoring, push coring, and piezometers. Biogeochemical analyses include groundwater salinity, pH, DIC, alkalinity, cation composition, DNA content, photosynthetic efficiency, C and S isotope composition, lipid biomarkers, and taphonomic state. Groundwater and interstitial water chemical analyses were integrated with hydrologic observations of tidal channels' level and flow. Visible light UAV images from 350 m standoff distance were processed to generate a 15 cm/pixel mosaic of the island that was used in combination with a DGPS survey, multispectral Landsat images (m-scale resolution) and Worldview satellite images (30 cm resolution) to map the island's topography, mats, and sedimentologic facies. A UAV-based VNIR hyperspectral camera was used to quantify pigment concentrations in the mats at cm-resolution over decameter scales. Sub-cm-scale bed textures, including those expressed by the different microbial mats, were quantified from images captured with 5-20 m standoff. The thickness of the Holocene sediment fill (0 to >2m) was estimated using core data and a depth probe. These data inform the preservation of microbial textures in grain-dominated carbonate facies and provide analogs for ancient microbial laminites.

  3. Species-specific impacts of a small marine reserve on reef fish production and fishing productivity in the Turks and Caicos Islands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tupper, M.H.; Rudd, M.A.

    2002-01-01

    Marine reserves are widely considered to potentially benefit reef fisheries through emigration, yet the empirical basis for predicting the extent of this for small reserves is weak. The effects of fishing pressure and habitat on biomass and catch per unit effort (CPUE) of three species of exploited

  4. Triumphing over the Enemy. References to the Turks as Part of Andrea, Giannettino and Giovanni Andrea Doria’s Artistic Patronage and Public Image

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Stagno

    2017-12-01

    Andrea Doria (1466-1560 e in seguito il suo erede, Giovanni Andrea I (1550-1606, quali “generali del mare” per la corona spagnola, ebbero un ruolo cruciale nella strategia a lungo termine di lotta contro il nemico turco e di contenimento del suo potere. Ariosto, nel suo Orlando Furioso, celebrò Andrea come nuovo e più glorioso Pompeo, in grado di liberare il mare dai corsari ottomani, e numerosi altri testi coevi ne esaltarono le gesta contro il Turco. Scopo dell’articolo è quello di indagare in che modo tale ruolo si sia tradotto in termini di rappresentazione figurativa, in riferimento al  grande ammiraglio, ma anche al suo luogotente ed erede designato, Giannettino (ucciso nel corso della congiura dei Fieschi, nel 1547 e del  figlio di questi, Giovanni Andrea, che appunto in ragione della morte prematura del padre succedette al grande ammiraglio. Tra le commissioni artistiche dei Doria si riscontrano riferimenti al nemico turco in statue e placchette, nell’articolata serie di arazzi dedicati alla battaglia di Lepanto, ma anche nella complessa raffigurazione allegorica del passaggio del potere dal vecchio principe al giovane erede. Il tipo di approccio al tema risulta però diverso: mediato da riferimenti classici e simbolici nel caso di Andrea, più diretto in quello del successore. In parallelo al patronage dei due Doria ha un ruolo di grande importanza la committenza della Repubblica genovese,  alla quale si lega la prima iconografia che, nella statua colossale “all’antica” eseguita da Montorsoli (1539, presenta in modo esplicito il trionfo di Andrea sugli Ottomani, secondo un’iconografia.

  5. Contribution of the STAT4 rs7574865 gene polymorphism to the susceptibility to autoimmune thyroiditis in healthy Turk population and psoriatic subgroups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hiz, Meliha M; Kılıç, Sevilay; Işık, Selda; Ogretmen, Zerrin; Silan, Fatma

    2015-01-01

    STAT4 is an important transcription factor that activates gene transcription as a response to cytokines. Recently, the influence of STAT4 gene on autoimmune disease has been widely studied in many different immune-related diseases. Autoimmune, metabolic and cardiovascular disorders are more common in psoriatic patients. STAT4 may be a unique gene that switches on in autoimmune-related thyroid disease in psoriatic patients. To explore the association of a STAT4 rs7574865 polymorphism to autoimmune thyroid diseases in the general Turkish population and psoriatic subgroups. A total of 132 psoriatic patients and 118 non-psoriatic volunteers were genotyped for STAT4 rs7574865 using real time PCR. Twenty-four of the psoriatic patients and 15 of the non-psoriatic volunteers have autoimmune-related thyroid diseases. The prevalence of the T allele [OR = 4.37; 95% CI: 1.05-19; p = 0.03] of the STAT4 rs7574865 was higher in individuals with autoimmune-related thyroid diseases among the all non-psoriatic volunteers. The volunteers with autoimmune-related thyroid diseases has an increased allele positivity and carriers having at least one of the risk allele was significantly higher than in counterparts with a GG wild genotype [ORGT/TT vs. GG: 1.73; 95% CI: 0.09-32; p = 0.03]. Yet, there was no evidence of an association between rs7574865 and autoimmune-related thyroid disease in psoriatic patients. The STAT4 rs7574865 polymorphism increases autoimmune-related thyroid disease susceptibility among the general population but not in psoriatic patients.

  6. Contribution of the STAT4 rs7574865 gene polymorphism to the susceptibility to autoimmune thyroiditis in healthy Turk population and psoriatic subgroups

    OpenAIRE

    Hiz, Meliha M.; K?l??, Sevilay; I??k, Selda; Ogretmen, Zerrin; Silan, Fatma

    2016-01-01

    Introduction STAT4 is an important transcription factor that activates gene transcription as a response to cytokines. Recently, the influence of STAT4 gene on autoimmune disease has been widely studied in many different immune-related diseases. Autoimmune, metabolic and cardiovascular disorders are more common in psoriatic patients. STAT4 may be a unique gene that switches on in autoimmune-related thyroid disease in psoriatic patients. The aim of the study: To explore the association of a STA...

  7. Bukowskisel tuleb 533. oksjon / Õnne Pärl

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pärl, Õnne, 1965-

    2004-01-01

    Skandinaavia suurimast Bukowskise oksjonifirmast. Eesti kunsti müügist Bukowskise-Hörhammeri oksjonitel. Oksjonitel on olnud väliseestlaste Herman Talviku, Joann-Voldemar Saarniidu, Hugo Lepiku ja Veronika Keerdoja teoseid

  8. Rakverega mängides = Playing with Rakvere / Lilia del Rio

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rio, Lilia del

    2006-01-01

    Rakvere peaväljaku renoveerimisest. Projekt: AB Kosmos. Detailplaneering: 2000, Ott Kadarik, Villem Tomiste, Veronika Valk. Projekt: 2004, Ott Kadarik, Villem Tomiste, Mihkel Tüür. Valmis 2005. Ill.: plaan, 4 värv. vaadet

  9. Endlas etendub lugu mungast ja kurtisaanist / Silja Joon

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Joon, Silja, 1966-

    2008-01-01

    Rahvusvahelise ooperimuusika festivali PromFest raames järgmise aasta 22. mail Pärnu teatris Endla esietenduvast Jules Massenet' ooperist "Thais" (peaosades eelmise Klaudia Taevi nimelise konkursi laureaadid Veronika Dzhiojeva ja Ilja Siltshukov)

  10. Mõrvarid jahtisid Riigi Kinnisvara juhti / Andris Tammela

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tammela, Andris

    2006-01-01

    Politsei pidas kinni kolm meest, keda kahtlustatakse oktoobri alguses Tallinna koolitüdruku Veronika Dari tapmises, väidetavalt oli meeste tegelik sihtmärk Riigi Kinnisvara aktsiaseltsi juht Tiit Ottis

  11. Kaks mõrva ühes mesilasperes ehk laibarida ei tule / Lauri Tabur ; interv. Enno Tammer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tabur, Lauri, 1974-

    2005-01-01

    Keskkriminaalpolitsei ülem vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad Tallinna koolitüdruku Veronika Dari, eestikeelse allilma väidetava liidri Kalev Kure ning ärimees Kauri Koppeli mõrvu Tallinnas. Lisa: Kiirarvamus

  12. Aasta ema tekki kootud armastus / Grethe Rõõm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rõõm, Grethe

    2009-01-01

    44 eesti naist kudusid oma head soovid tekilappidesse, mis talgutööna heegeldati kokku aasta emale emadepäeval kingitavaks tekiks. Oma muljeid jagavad Helmi Valdna, Leili Karu, Marju Avald, Eddy Tulko, Maile Veelaid ja Veronika Pinka

  13. Tallinnasse Rävala pst. 19 kavandatava Tallinna Muusikakeskkooli, Tallinna Balletikooli ning G. Otsa nimelise muusikakooli ühise õppehoone arhitektuurikonkurss = Architectural Competition for the Joint School Building of Tallinn Music-Specialised

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Puusepp, Raivo

    2003-01-01

    I preemia - Andres Siim, Krister Ausing, II - Marika Lõoke, III - Maia Tüür, Andres Sevtshuk, Gabriel Evangelisti, ostupreemiad: Armin Valter, Vilen Künnapu ning Siiri Vallner, Katrin Koov, Veronika Valk

  14. « Base Phrygian Turk! »  Injures et « espèces de… » : analyse microscopique d’un étrange spécimen shakespearien ‘Base Phrygian Turk!’: Micro-analysis of a Strange Shakespearean Insult

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nathalie Vienne-Guerrin

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available This article offers an interpretation of the strange term “base Phrygian Turk” that Pistol uses to insult Falstaff in The Merry Wives of Windsor. If the spectators understand why Slender is called “latten bilbo” (1.1.150 or “Banbury Cheese” (2.2.120, and why Falstaff is called “whale” (2.1.56, “hodge pudding” (5.5.150 or “bag of flax” (5.5.150, this “Base Phrygian Turk” is less transparent and resists interpretation. Using Evelyne Larguèche’s theoretical work on the insulting effect (“l’effet injure”, we ask the question whether there is meaning behind these abusive words or whether their meaning only resides in the speech-act that consists in insulting. Studying the representation of the Islamic world in Elizabethan society and theatre, we show that far from being a mere “pistolism”, this insult suggests that Falstaff “turns Turk” in this play.

  15. Reference Aid, Abbreviations, Acronyms and Special Terms in the Press of Greece and Cyprus

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-11-14

    Laokratiki Lisesi Musik Lycee Musical Dimokratia Toplulugu Society LDG LIMAN-SEN Laiki German Kibris Turk Turkish Cypriot Dimokratia Democratic...Fishing Alieia EM Ethnikon National Front Metopon [C] EMA Elliniki Greek Music Mousiki Academy Akadimia EMAD Efippa Mikta Mounted Joint...Kibris Turk Turkish Cypriot Kibris Turk Turkish Cypriot Kadinlar Women’s Musiki Music Society Komitesi Committee Cemiyeti Kibris Turk Turkish Cypriot

  16. Võtta või jätta? Olla või tegutseda? = Брать или нет? Действовать или выжидать? / Mirja Adler ; intervjueerinud Veronika Nuter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Adler, Mirja

    2009-01-01

    SA KredEx eluasemedivisjoni juht Mirja Adler vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad ühistute aktiivsust KredExi renoveerimislaenu võtmiseks ja kortermajade korrastamiseks, renoveerimislaenu keskmist suurust ja selle eest teostatavaid töid, korteriühistute huvi soodusintressiga renoveerimislaenu vastu ning korteriühistute madala laenuaktiivsuse põhjuseid. Diagrammid

  17. Türk Millî Arşiv Belgelerinde Millî Kültür Ve Türkler National Culture And Turks In The Documents Of Turkish National Archives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hüseyin DOĞRAMACIOĞLU

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available There are some documents about the Turkish national culture and literature in archives. These documents stored in archives and there has not been a comprehensive study on it. These documents are written in the Ottoman language and aren’t translated into modern languages, including Turkish language so far. This archive documents about culture and literature were published in the newspaper of Hâkimiyet-i Milliye (National Sovereignty. Turkish history was researched in different articles and the people were informed about Turkish culture when war years also by some researchers. All these studies have resulted in success. And Turkish people who filled with national spirit had won victories constantly. However, there has not been much research on this newspaper so far because of it was published with the Ottoman language. In this work, I want to give introductory information on these documents and would like to draw attention to this archive documentation.Documents related to the Turkish culture and literature of the Ottoman archives are also available. These documents are regularly published in the newspaper of Hakimiyet-i Milliye. Several pictures, stories and literary articles are those documents. Copies of the newspaper of the Turkish culture and literature are important aspects of research. In this article, the paper analyzed some of the literary and cultural articles. Türk millî kültür ve edebiyatı hakkında devlet arşivlerinde bazıbelgeler vardır. Bu belgeler üzerinde bugüne kadar kapsamlı bir çalışmaolmamıştır. Bu belgeler Osmanlı harfleriyle yazılmış ancak günümüzekadar Latin harfli Türkçe de dâhil olmak üzere hiçbir dileaktarılmamıştır. Türk kültürü ve edebiyatı ile ilgili olan bu arşivbelgeleri Hâkimiyet-i Milliye adlı gazetede yayınlanmıştır. Gazetede MillîMücadele yıllarında savaş haberlerinin yanında Türk tarihi ile ilgiliaraştırmalar bazı yazarlar tarafından farklı makalelerde incelenmiştir.Bütün bu çalışmalar, başarı ile sonuçlanmış ve böylece muharebeleryapılırken gazetedeki yazılar vasıtasıyla millî ruhla dolan Türk halkıMillî Mücadele’de sürekli zaferler kazanmıştır. Böylece bu yazılarvasıtasıyla halka millî bilinç kazandırılmıştır. Gazetedeki yazılarOsmanlı harfleri ile yayınlanmış ve belki de bu nedenle bu gazetehakkında çok fazla bilgi sahibi olunamamıştır. Bu çalışmada, Türkkültür ve edebiyatı ile ilgili olan bu belgeler hakkında tanıtıcı bilgilervermek ve bu arşiv belgelerine dikkat çekmek istiyorum.Türk kültürü ve edebiyatı ile ilgili birçok belgeye Osmanlıarşivlerinde ulaşabilmek mümkündür. Bu belgeler Hakimiyet-iMilliye’de düzenli aralıklarla yayımlanır. Çeşitli resimler, hikâyeler veedebî yazılar bu belgelerde yer alır. Türk kültür ve edebiyatınınaraştırılması yönüyle bu gazete nüshaları önem taşımaktadır. Bu yazıdagazetedeki bazı edebî ve kültürel yazılar incelenmiştir.

  18. Analüüs SAE tase 4 ja 5 sõidukite kasutusele võtmiseks koos seaduseelnõu väljatöötamiskavatsuse kirjeldustega : vaheraport 2017 08 24 [Võrguteavik] / Karmen Turk, Maarja Pild, Ergo Blumfeldt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Turk, Karmen, 1982-

    2017-01-01

    Analüüsitakse äärmiselt intelligentsete SAE tase 4 ja 5 sõidukite kasutusele võtmist ning sellega seotud seaduseelnõu väljatöötamist. Ülevaade robootika olemusest ning põhiprobleemidest, mis seonduvad tehisintellektiga ja isejuhtivate sõidukitega

  19. Genetic investigations in immigration cases and frequencies of DNA fragments of the VNTR systems D2S44, D5S43, D7S21, D7S22, and D12S11 in Turks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Hanna Elsebeth; Morling, N

    1993-01-01

    with radiolabelled probes detecting the VNTR systems D2S44 (YNH24), D5S43 (MS8), D7S21 (MS31), D7S22 (g3), and D12S11 (MS43a). We used the matching criterion for paternity testing for the parent/child comparisons, i.e. non-match if the intra gel difference exceeded 1.25 mm. A total of 43 immigration cases involving...

  20. Üç kimlikli Bir Jön Türk Aydını: Dr. İbrahim (Ethem Temo (1865-1945 (A Young Turk Intellectual With Three Identities: Dr. Ibrahim (Ethem Temo (1865–1945

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bilgin ÇELİK

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Dr. Ibrahim Temo was one of the most important characters of the Turkish political life. Ibrahim Temo, as the founder of Union and Progress, which had an important part in the history of Turkish political life, attracts attention with his three identities. Besides being a Turkish intellectual who was against tyranny, Temo was also the founder of the Baskim Society, which was one of the most important societies of the Albanian nationalist movement. Being isolated from the Union and Progress after the proclamation of the Second Constitutional Period, Temo settled in Romania, in where he formerly founded the Balkan branch of the society and entered in the Romanian nationality. Temo was accepted as a reputable person in the Unionist environments with his organizer character that was full of brave and determination in ideas. After his years in the School of Military Medicine Temo continued his efforts as an organizer in Romania, to where he escaped, and there he founded a new society, Baskim, that gathered the disconnected Albanian societies under a unique name, and played an important role in spread of the Unionist movement in before Romania, and after among the Albanians. After the proclamation of the Second Constitutional Period, Temo founded the Ottomant Democrat Party and ran opposition against to the government of Union and Progress.

  1. Töövõtu- ja käsunduslepingute sätete kohaldamine tarkvaraarenduse lepingutele : magistritöö / Maarja Lehemets ; juhendaja: Karmen Turk, kaasjuhendaja: Irene Kull ; Tartu Ülikool, sotsiaalteaduste valdkond, õigusteaduskond, eraõiguse osakon

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lehemets, Maarja, 1990-

    2018-01-01

    Tarkvarateenuse spetsiifika ja tarkvaraarenduse lepingute kvalifitseerimine, töövõtulepingu ja käsunduslepingu sätete kohaldamine tarkvaraarenduse lepingu rikkumistele ning tarkvaraarenduse lepingute lõpetmisele ja lõppemisele

  2. DOĞAL AFETLER ve TÜRK SİGORTA SEKTÖRÜNDE RİSK TRANSFERİ - NATURAL DISASTERS AND RISK TRANSFER IN THE TURKS INSURANCE SECTOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elif ÇEKİCİ

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Özet:İklim değişikliği nedeniyle dünyanın her yerindemeydana gelen doğal afetlerin şiddeti ve yarattığı hasarlarzamanla artmaktadır. Doğal afetler sonucundakarşılaşılabilecek risklerden korunmanın en iyi yolu sigortasektörünün güçlendirilmesidir. Çünkü doğal afetler öncedentahmin edilemediği için bu risklerden arınmak mümkündeğildir. Afetlerin hasar boyutu gittikçe büyümekte ve busigorta ve reasürans şirketleri için risk oluşturmaktadır.Dolayısıyla sigorta sektörünün bu riski transfer etmesigerekecektir. Bu çalışmada Türkiye’deki yangın ve doğal afetsigortası prim tutarlarının ve hasar prim oranlarının gelişimi,1986 – 2009 yılları arasındaki yangın ve doğal afet sigortasıprim tutarlarından ve hasar prim oranlarından oluşan zamanserisi ele alınarak incelenmiştir. 2011 yılı için yangın ve doğalafet sigortası prim tutarı tahmini Pegels’in üstel düzeltmetekniği ile yapılmış ve % 95 güven aralığı ile hasar primoranları için güven aralığı hesaplanmıştır.Abstract:Because of climate change, natural disastersoccurring all over the world and their compound effects areincreasing day by day. The best way of being protected fromthe possible risks that stem from natural disasters is toempower the insurance sector. Since the natural disasters arenot predictable, it is impossible to break free of those risks. Thesize of damage of disasters is increasing and this constitutes agreat deal of risk for insurance and reinsurance companies.As a consequence, the insurance sector should transfer thisrisk. In this article, the development of insurance premiums offire and natural disaster and damage premium amounts, arebeing examined by considering the time series of insurancepremiums of fire and natural disaster and rates of damagepremiums between the years of 1986-2009. For the year 2011,the estimate of fire and natural disaster and rates of damagepremium, are being estimated by Pegel’sexponential smoothing method and the confidence intervalsfor the damage premium amounts are being computed with95%.

  3. THE CONTEXT OF EXILE SOCIOLOGY ON VAN-ULUPAMIR KYRGYZ TURKS WITH OŞH-KARADENİZ TURKS A APPLIED AND COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS SÜRGÜN SOSYOLOJİSİ BAĞLAMINDA VAN-ULUPAMİR KIRGIZ TÜRKLERİ İLE OŞ-KARADENİZLİ TÜRKLER ÜZERİNE UYGULAMALI ve KIYASLAMALI BİR ÇÖZÜMLEME

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adem SAĞIR

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The study has been designed as a monographic study on Van-Ulupamir’ Kyrgyz who immigrated voluntarily in Turkey, in 1983. The aimof the study is related to the case of Soviet Russia that has a widehistorical background with exile. The reason of Van-Ulupamir Kyrgyzimmigration to Turkey is the pressure of Soviet Russia’s politics on theCentral Asia. Main concern of Kyrgyz people about immigration is beinglost identity, culture and beliefs. For our study, it’s found essential thatVan-Ulupamir Kyrgyzs have been in a significance case to evaluate due toincreasing population, occurring economic problems, doing jobs as villageguards and pressed by their location of the region. This study is an appliedresearch which will be included surveys and interviews applied to Kyrgyzpeople are living in Ulupamir. The study was considered to contribute toliterature in a few different ways: In the first, these types of studies arelaboratory studies that and all forms of social-cultural analysis can beused in future studies providing important findings are the emergence. Thenote of the study is in terms of determining the process of culturaltransformation of the Kyrgyz Ulupamir. Bu çalışma Türkiye’ye gönüllü sürgün yoluyla gelen ve Van- Ulupamir’e yerleştirilen Kırgız Türkleri üzerine monografik bir çalışma olarak tasarlanmıştır. Ulupamir Kırgızlarının seçilmesindeki temel amaçise sürgünler söz konusu olduğunda tarihsel arka planı geniş olan SovyetRusya örneğiyle ilişkilendirilmiş olmasıdır. Sovyet Rusya’nın Orta Asyacoğrafyası üzerindeki politikalarından etkilenerek 1983 yılında Türkiye’yegönüllü sürgün olarak yerleşmişler, yerleşmelerindeki temel kaygı isekimliklerini, kültürlerini ve inançlarının kaybolma kaygıları olmuştur. Bunedenle çalışmanın temel odak noktası Kırgız Türklerinin “niçin Türkiye?”sorusuyla ilişkilendirilerek verilmiştir. Çalışmanın temel önemi “ilkzamanlar demografik yapısı küçük olmakla birlikte zamanla artan nüfus,ekonomik sorunların üzerlerinde oluşturduğu baskı, köyde çoğunluğunmeslek olarak korucu olması, tarım ve hayvancılıkla uğraşmaları ve bölgeninözel konumundan dolayı oluşan maddi-manevi baskılar Kırgız Türkleri’ninözel bir konumda” olmalarından kaynaklanmaktadır. Çalışma uygulamalıolarak tasarlanmış ve Ulupamir Kırgızları ile yapılan mülakat ve anketsonuçlarının değerlendirilmesini kapsamıştır. Çalışmanın bilimselliteratüre birkaç farklı şekilde katkı yapacağı düşünülmüştür. İlk olarakbu tür çalışmalar laboratuar çalışmalar olması ve her türlü sosyal-kültürelanaliz biçimleri kapsaması bakımından sonraki çalışmalardakullanılabilecek önemli bulguların ortaya çıkmasını sağlar. AyrıcaUlupamir Kırgızları için kültürel bir dönüşüm ve kaybolma durumu sözkonusu olduğundan hazırlanmış bu çalışmanın bu süreci tespit etmesibakımından da önemli bir konumda olduğu görülecektir.

  4. Political Christianity in Renaissance Drama

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Joulan, Nayef Ali

    2017-01-01

    Examining the following selected Renaissance dramas: Marlowe's "The Jew of Malta" (1585), Shakespeare's "The Merchant of Venice" (1596), Massinger's "The Renegado" (1624), Daborne's "A Christian Turn'd Turk" (1612), and Goffe's "The Raging Turk" (1656), this research investigates Renaissance…

  5. Reference Aid: Abbreviations, Acronyms and Special Terms in the Turkish Press of Turkey and the TFSC

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-07-18

    Sirketi Cypriot Mines Corporation Kibris Mulkiyeciler Birligi Civil Servants Union of Cyprus Kadikoy Musik Dernegi Kadikoy Music Association (of...8217 Union (Cyprus) Lefkosa Turk Lisesi Musik Toplulugu Nicosia Turkish Lycee Musical Society Liman Harbor, port Libya Insaat ve Yatirim AS Libyan... Music Society KTMK Kaynak Teknigi Turk Mill! Komitesi Yonetmeligi Turkish National Committee for Welding Techniques 77 KTMMOB Kibris Turk Muhendis

  6. Täna kell 18.30 avatakse Okupatsioonide muuseumis...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Linnakultuuriaineline näitus "Paraad". Keskne idee on seotud rula kui eluhoiakuga. Osalevad Tuukka & Kätlin Kaila ning Vaughan Baker (London), Jani Tolin ja Freeman (Helsingi), Aadam Kaarma, Anu Samarüütel, Tarrvi Laamann, Marko Mäetamm & Kaido Ole, Lazer, Väike J, Veronika Valk, DJ Critical

  7. Vabadus võtta vabalt / Maria-Kristiina Soomre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soomre, Maria-Kristiina, 1978-

    2004-01-01

    Tänavakunstinäitus "Paraad" Eesti Lähimineviku Okupatsioonide Muuseumis. Osalevad Tuukka & Kätlin Kaila ning Vaughan Baker (London), Jani Tolin ja Freeman (Helsingi), Aadam Kaarma, Anu Samarüütel, Tarrvi Laamann, Marko Mäetamm & Kaido Ole, Lazer, Väike J, Veronika Valk, Kaarel Kulbin, DJ Critical

  8. Eesti Vabaõhumuuseumi külastuskeskus - ennistuskoda Kanut - Tallinna muuseumide ühishoidla arhitektuurne ideevõistlus = Estonian Open Air Museum Visitor Centre - Kanut Restoration Centre - Joint Depository for Tallinn museums : an Idea Competitio

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Põdra, Laila, 1967-

    2007-01-01

    Ideekonkursi eesmärgist, I preemia pälvinud tööst "Raudjas" (autorid: Siiri Vallner, Imdrek Peil), ostupreemia pälvinud töödest "Leevike" (autor AB Kosmos: Ott Kadarik, Mihkel Tüür, Villem Tomiste) ja "Vurr" (autorid: Leena Torim, Maia Tüür, Veronika Valk)

  9. Mustjõe asumi planeerimiskonkurss = The Competition for Planning the Mustjõe Community / Veljo Kaasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaasik, Veljo

    2002-01-01

    Tallinna Mustjõe asumi korterelamu ja puhkeala ruumilise planeerimise võistluse eeltingimustest, premeeritud töödest. I preemia - Villem Tomiste, Mihkel Tüür, Ott Kadarik, II - Margit Mutso (koos kaastöölistega), III - Veronika Valk

  10. Pärnu mnt. ja Järvevana tee vahelise ala planeerimiskonkurss = Planning Competition of the Area between Järvevana and Pärnu Roads / Kalle Komissarov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Komissarov, Kalle, 1976-

    2002-01-01

    Konkursist, zürii koosseis, võidutöödest. Võistlusala oli AS-i "Kalev" ja Tallinna Piimatööstuse territoorium. Preemiad: I - Nikolai Volkov, Liis Sagadi, II - Tarmo Teedumäe, Renee Puusepp, Karli Luik, Toomas Tammis, Inga Raukas, III - Veronika Valk, ostupreemiad - Alver Trummal Arhitektid ja büroo Kosmos

  11. Surnuist üles äratamine = Reviving the dead / David Crowley

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Crowley, David, 1966-

    2012-01-01

    Eesti ekspositsioonist "Kui pikk on ühe maja elu?" 13. Venezia arhitektuuribiennaalil "Common Ground" (kuraator David Chipperfield). Tallinna Linnahalli minevikust ja praegusest olukorrast. Kuraator Tüüne-Kristin Vaikla, näituse autorid Urmo Vaikla, Tüüne-Kristin Vaikla, Ingel Vaikla, Maria Pukk, Ivar Lubjak, Veronika Valk. Saksa paviljoni näitusest "Reduce, reuse, recycle"

  12. Uus Sakala arhitektuurivõistlus = The Uus Sakala architectural competition / Panu Lehtovuori

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lehtovuori, Panu, 1968-

    2003-01-01

    Žürii liige konkursist: keskuse asukohast ja programmist, praeguse Sakala keskuse kasutamisest, konkursi tulemusest. Teise vooru valiti kolm projekti: võidutöö "Küpsis" (autorid Toomas Tammis, Inga Raukas, Tarmo Teedumäe, ArhitektuuriAgentuur), "Ocularis" (autorid Siiri Vallner, Indrek Peil), "Sõstrad" (autor Veronika Valk)

  13. Unista. Taju. Kohane. Toida. Linnahalli 5 visiooni = Dream. Sense. Adapt. Feed. 5 visions for Linnahall

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2012-01-01

    Tallinna Linnahalli visiooni töötuba Eesti Kunstiakadeemia, Eesti Maaülikooli ja Tallinna Ülikooli Balti Filmi- ja Meediakooli üliõpilastele 28.05.-01.06.2012. Juhendasid Maria Pukk, Ivar Lubjak ja Veronika Valk

  14. Soorollide kujutamine 1. klassi lugemiku tekstis / Jaan Mikk, Agnes Männik, Ilona Piirimägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mikk, Jaan, 1939-

    2001-01-01

    Uuringust, mille eesmärgiks oli selgitada, kuidas on esitatud naisi ja mehi 1. klassi lugemikus. Analüüsi aluseks on Veronika Kalmuse jt. poolt koostatud soorollide kvalitatiivse analüüsi juhend. Vaadeldavaks lugemikuks on : Tungal, Leelo ; Hiiepuu, Ene ; Valter, Edgar. 1. klassi lugemik. - Tallinn, 1998.

  15. Tänane Tartu - naerud, nutud ja hernetondid = Tartu today - laughter, tears and scarecrows / Berk Vaher

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaher, Berk, 1975-

    2006-01-01

    Tartu linnaruumist, selle teisenemistest. Eduard Tubina mälestusmärgist (skulptor Aili Vahtrapuu, arhitekt Veronika Valk, heli: Louis Dandrel), Tartu Kaubamajast (arhitekt Raivo Puusepp), Rüütli tänava kujundusest (Rene Valner, Ott Kadarik), Ülikooli tänavast. 5 värv. ill

  16. Panel: If I Only Knew Then What I Know Now

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goals Recycling Green Purchasing Pollution Prevention Reusing Water Resources Environmental Management Discussion and Networking Event Panel: If I Only Knew Then What I Know Now WHEN: May 16, 2016 2:30 PM - 5:00 Alamos CONTACT: Veronika Mocko CATEGORY: Community INTERNAL: Calendar Login Event Description The LANL

  17. Narva keskosa planeeringu võistlus = Narva Central Area Planning Competition

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    Rahvusvahelise arhitektuurivõistluse zürii koosseis. Preemiad: I - Inga Raukas, Toomas Tammis, Tarmo Teedumäe; II - Erik Nobel (Kopenhaagen); III - Mark Hemel, Barbara Kuit (London); ost - Villem Tomiste ja Veronika Valk ning Richard Havenhand, Gregg Wilson ja Steve Kemp (Lincoln, Inglismaa).

  18. Arhitektuursest intelligentsist. Intelligentsest arhitektuurist / Johanna Jõekalda

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jõekalda, Johanna

    2012-01-01

    13. Venezia arhitektuuribiennaalist "Common Ground", kuraator David Chipperfield. Sloveenia paviljonis toimunud sümpoosionist "2112Ai 100 YC", kus arutleti 2012. a. kultuuripealinna Maribori planeeringuliste tulevikuprojektide üle. Eestit esindasid Eesti Kunstiakadeemia arhitektuuritudengite projektid "mariBIOr" ja "Manibor" (juhendajad: Veronika Valk, Toomas Tammis)

  19. Vöökirjatud veetorn Võrumaal / Tanel Veenre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veenre, Tanel, 1977-

    2009-01-01

    Lasva renoveeritud veetornist (renoveerimisprojekt: arhitekt Veronika Valk), kus asub Veetorni galerii, mille dominant on mitmel häälel helisev klavertrepp (teostus: skulptor Kalle Pruuden, Kalle Tikas). Seintel on fotograaf Peeter Lauritsa ja ajaloolase Uuno Ojala koostatud piirkonda tutvustav püsiväljapanek

  20. Neli linna ehk mängud miljonitega / Andres Lõo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lõo, Andres

    2006-01-01

    Cardiffis toimunud arhitektuurikonverentsist "Urban Legacies II", alapealkirjaga "New Babylon". Constanti (1920-2005) installatsioonist "New Babylon", Cardiffist, Tallinnast, ettekannete põhjal Dubaist ja Kinshasast. Konverentsi raames oli Eestist väljas arhitektuuriobjekt "Transparent Black Box" (Veronika Valk, projektiga seotud Kadri Klementi)

  1. Hudozhnik i jego dom

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Näituse "Kunstnik ja tema kodu. C. T. von Neffi kunstikogu Piira ja Muuga mõisast" raames Väliskunsti Muuseumis toimunud konverentsi "19. sajandi keskpaiga kunstiruum" ettekannetest. Esinesid Jevgenia Kiritshenko, Juri Gudõmenko, Ants Hein, Kadi Polli, Veronika Bogdan, Ingrida Raudsepa, Tiina Abel

  2. Täna toimub Kadrioru lossis väliskunsti muuseumis...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Näituse "Kunstnik ja tema kodu. C. T. von Neffi kunstikogu Piira ja Muuga mõisast" raames toimuva ettekannete päeva "19. sajandi keskpaiga kunstiruum" kava. Esinevad Jevgenia Kiritshenko, Juri Gudõmenko, Ants Hein, Kadi Polli, Veronika Bogdan, Ingrida Raudsepa, Tiina Abel

  3. Lasva veetorn = Lasva Water Tower / Margit Mutso

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mutso, Margit, 1966-

    2010-01-01

    Lasva veetorni rekonstrueerimisest klavertrepiga kunstigaleriiks-vaatetorniks. Arhitekt, idee autor Veronika Valk, kaasautor Kadri Klementi, klavertrepi teostus: Kalle-Priit Pruuden, trepi elektrooniline heli: Kalle Tikas, infostendid: Peeter Laurits. Žürii liige Kalle Komissarov žürii hinnangust EK arhitektuuri sihtkapitali 2009. a. väikeobjekti preemia pälvinud hoonele

  4. Small prize / Triin Ojari

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojari, Triin, 1974-

    2010-01-01

    Eesti Arhitektide Liidu konkursi "Väike 2007-2009" 2009 võidutööd: Lasva veetorn Võrumaal (Veronika Valk, Kalle-Priit Pruuden, Peeter Laurits, Kalle Tikas), Tallinna Tehnikaülikooli esisele väljakule paigaldatud pingid (Martin Pärn, Edina Dufala-Pärn)

  5. Head lood halvast ajast / Karl Martin Sinijärv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sinijärv, Karl Martin, 1971-

    2003-01-01

    Arvustus: Akunin, Boriss. Azazel : romaan / vene keelest tõlkinud Jüri Ojamaa. [Tallinn] : Tänapäev, 2003; Akunin, Boriss. Türgi gambiit : romaan / vene keelest tõlkinud Veronika Einberg. [Tallinn] : Tänapäev, 2003; Akunin, Boriss. Leviathan. Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2003

  6. Kas Mustjõe kasvab linnaks? / Tõnu Laigu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laigu, Tõnu

    2002-01-01

    Tallinna Mustjõe asumi korterelamu ja puhkeala ruumilise planeerimise ideevõistlusest. Preemiad: I - Ott Kadarik, Villem Tomiste, Mihkel Tüür (büroo Kosmos), II - Margit Mutso (büroo Eek & Mutso), III - Veronika Valk, ostupreemia - Sverre Laanjärv, Ivar Lubjak

  7. [Literaturwerkstatt Berlin`i loodud ja koordineeritud rahvusvaheline kaasaegse luule portaal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2014-01-01

    42 riigi kirjandusorganisatsioonide ühistöö varal täienevas kaasaegse luule portaalis http://www.lyrikline.org saab kuulata ja lugeda 1000 luuletaja loomingut ja neist 11 on eesti autorid: Elo Viiding, Maarja Kangro, Jürgen Rooste, Birk Rohelend, Kaur Riismaa, Indrek Mesikepp, Maria Lee, Asko Künnap, Hasso Krull, Veronika Kivisilla ja Igor Kotjuh

  8. Politseinik seotud koolitüdruku tapmisega / Janar Filippov, Tarmo Vahter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Filippov, Janar, 1976-

    2006-01-01

    16-aastase koolitüdruku Veronika Dari tapmise ja Riigi Kinnisvara juhi Tiit Ottise ründamise uurimises on toimunud pööre - kurjategijate kaasosaliseks osutus Põhja politseiprefektuuri mõrvarühma juhtivinspektor. Lisa: Kes tellis Tiit Ottise ründamise?

  9. Tallinna ülikoolil on 16 uut doktorit

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Aasta jooksul on Tallinna Ülikoolis doktorikraadi kaitsnud 16 inimest. Humanitaarteaduste doktoriteks promoveeritakse Inna Adamson, Maris Saagpakk, Anne Lange, Julia Tofantšuk, Janis Ešots ja Grigori Utgof; kasvatusteaduste doktoriteks Veronika Nagel, Eve Eisenschmidt, Tuuli Oder, Kristina Nugin, Inga Mutso, Tiina Selke ja Boriss Bazanov; loodusteaduste doktoriks Tiit Maran; ning sotsiaalteaduste doktoriteks Signe Dobelniece ja Marge Unt

  10. Post-ideology and post-conceptual architecture and urbanism in (Eastern) Europe / Marina Gržinić

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gržinić, Marina, 1958-

    2012-01-01

    Essee on kirjutatud Eesti ekspositsiooni "Kui pikk on ühe maja elu?" (näituse komissar Ülar Mark, kuraator Tüüne-Kristin Vaikla, autorid Tüüne-Kristin Vaikla, Urmo Vaikla, Ingel Vaikla, Maria Pukk. Ivar Lubjak, Veronika Valk) jaoks 13. Venezia arhitektuuribiennaalil "Common Ground" 2012. aastal

  11. Terekeme (Karapapak Türkleri ve Mânileri (Bayatıları/Mahnıları: Muş-Bulanık Çevresi / Terekeme/Karapapak Turks and their Quatrains Called as Mani/Mahnı or Bayatı (Muş-Bulanık District

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MUHAMMET KEMALOĞLU

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Manis, which are called with different names in the geography of Anatolia, show similarities in terms of form and content in general. Mani read within a particular tradition also reflects poetry taste of the Turkish people ideally. This study benefits from the data of field research that we have done. Mani and the tradition of reading Mani which has been got through compilation in the field, transmitted from generation to generation, which has specific rules and reflects the mentality, love, longing, feeling, and behavior of local people and culture of the region are going to form the main part of the study. In addition to this, characteristics of Terekeme (Karapapak Turks’ dialect are also dwelled on. Özet Anadolu coğrafyasında farklı isimlerle zikredilen mâniler, şekil ve muhteva açısından genel olarak benzerlikler göstermektedir. Belirli bir gelenek dâhilinde söylenen mâniler, Türk halkının şiir zevkini de en güzel şekilde aksettirmektedir. Bu çalışmada yapmış olduğumuz saha araştırmasının verilerinden yararlanılacaktır. Çalışmanın esas bölümünü; sahada derlemeler yoluyla elde edilmiş, kuşaktan kuşağa aktarılan, belirli kuralları olan, yöre insanının; düşünce yapısını, sevdalarını, özlemlerini, duygu ve davranışlarını, yörenin kültürünü yansıtan maniler ve mani anlatma geleneği oluşturmaktadır. Bunun yanı sıra Terekeme (Karapapak Türklerinin ağız özellikleri üzerinde de durulmuştur. Les turcs de Terekeme (Karapapak et leurs qutrains (region de Muş-Bulanık Résumé Les manies appelées par des noms différents en Anatolie, présentent des ressemblances en terme de forme et de contenu. Les manies, qui se disent dans une tradition particulière, reflètent aussi le plus bel exemple de la poésie du peuple turc. Dans cette étude, nous allons utiliser les données de notre recherche de terrain. La partie fondamentale du travail consiste en manies et la tradition du récit des manies acquises au moyen du travail de terrain, transmis de génération en génération, avec des règles spécifiques et en reflétant la structure de la pensée des gens de la région, leurs aspirations, leurs sentiments, leurs attitudes et comportements et leur culture. En outre, on va aussi analyser les caractéristiques de bouche des Turcs de Terekeme (Karapapak

  12. Dissolved inorganic carbon, total alkalinity, pH, and other variables collected from surface and discrete observations using flow-through pump and other instruments from M/V Equinox in the North Atlantic ocean (east coast of Miami, FL, Bahamas, and Turks and Caicos Islands) from 2015-03-07 to 2015-03-09 (NCEI Accession 0154382)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This archival package contains surface discrete measurements of dissolved inorganic carbon, total alkalinity, and pH from the east coast of Florida to Puerto Rico....

  13. AN INVESTIGATION ON OĠHUZ OBJECTS’ NAMES IN DĪVĀNU LUĠĀTI’T-TURK DĪVĀNU LUĠĀTİ’T-TÜRK’TEKİ OĞUZCA EŞYA ADLARINA BİR BAKIŞ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Selda KARAŞLAR

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The Dīvānu Luġāti’t-Türk which is the first source about the Turkish world’s literature, language, cultural, social situation in the eleventh century gives us very important and original knowledges for Turcology researching. It is always main source for the researchers. Besides rich information about the language of Karahanid Turkish in the eleventh century, the book also includes ınformation the language, culture and history of numerous Turkish dialects especially Oġhuz language.In this study, the Oġhuz objects’ names in Kâşgarlı Mahmud’s Dīvān and from this viewpoint the improving of Oġhuz rhetoric will be examined. XI. yüzyıl Türk dünyasının dil, edebiyat, kültür ve sosyal durumuyla ilgili zengin ve özgün ilk bilgileri veren Dīvānu Luġāti’t-Türk, Türkoloji araştırmalarında her zaman temel kaynak olmuş ve araştırmacılar tarafından çok yönlü olarak ele alınmıştır. XI. yüzyıl Karahanlı Türkçesinin dil durumuyla ilgili zengin bilgiler içeren eser, Oğuzca başta olmak üzere birçok Türk diyalekt alanı ile ilgili dil, kültür, tarih malzemesi de içermektedir.Bu çalışmada Kâşgarlı Mahmud’un Dīvānındaki Oğuzca eşya adları ele alınacak, bu noktadan Oğuz söz varlığının gelişimi incelenecektir.

  14. 1911-1918 Yılları Arasında Türk Yurdu Dergisine Konu Olan Bazı Tartışma ve Polemikler / Some Polemics and Discussions which were Subjected In Turk Yurdu Magazine Between 1911-1918

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ümmet Erkan

    2016-01-01

    Bazı Tartışma ve Polemikler  Öz Türk Yurdu Dergisi 1911 yılında yayın hayatına başlamış, Türk milliyetçiliinin en uzun soluklu yayın organıdır. Rusya Türklerinin öncülük ettiği dergide Türklüğün her alanda yükselmesi amaçlanmıştır. Bu makalede Türk Yurdu dergisinin 1911-1918 yılları arasındaki sayılarından yola çıkılarak dergideki bazı kalem tartışmaları, mektuplar ve onlara verilen cevaplar incelenecektir. Bu kalem tartışmalarında Türkçenin sadeleştirilmesinden ne anlaşılması gerektiği ve sınırları, eğitimde ideal eksikliği, eğitim dilinin Türkçe olması ve azınlık okullarının Osmanlı sosyal bünyesine verdiği zararlar, Tanzimatçı reform programının başarılı olup olmadığı ve nedenleri, milli kimliğin dini aidiyete zarar verip vermeyeceği konuları ele alınacaktır. Türk Yurdu dergisi yazarları ile dönemin diğer önemli entelektüellerinin çeşitli gazete ve dergilerde dâhil olduğu bu kalem tartışmaları zengin bir muhteva kazanmıştır. Bu tartışmalar dönemin entelektüel fikir hareketleri ve siyasi akımlar hakkında önemli bilgiler içermektedir. Bu araştırma, yapılan tartışma ve polemiklerin hangi konular etrafında yoğunlaştığını ve Türk Yurdu dergisinin bu tartışma ve polemiklerde ne tür bir yöntem izlediğini ortaya koymaktadır.

  15. BİR JAPON AYDININ GÖZÜNDEN TÜRKLER -NAGASE HŌSUKE’NİN TÜRKİYE İZLENİMLERİ- / TURKS FROM THE EYES OF A JAPANESE INTELLECTUAL -NAGASE HŌSUKE’S IMPRESSIONS OF TURKEY-

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Okan Haluk AKBAY

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Meiji (1868-1912 ve Taishō (1912-1926 dönemlerinin önemli aydınları arasında yer alan Nagase Hōsuke (1865-1926, Türkiye ziyareti sonrasında kaleme aldığı Türkiye ve Türkler (Toruko to Torukojin kitabını 1915 yılında Japonya’da yayınlamıştır. Kitapta Türk tarihi, Anadolu coğrafyası ve dönemin siyasal yapısına dair önemli bilgilerin yanı sıra, yazarın Türk toplumu ve kültürüne ilişkin çeşitli gözlem ve değerlendirmeleri de yer almaktadır. Aynı veya yakın dönemlerde Türkiye’yi ziyaret eden diğer Japon aydınları gibi, Nagase Hōsuke’nin Japon kamuoyuna aktardığı bilgi, izlenim ve değerlendirmelerin de Japonya’daki Türkiye bilgisi ve Türkiye imajının oluşumunda etkili olduğu kuvvetle muhtemeldir. Bu makalede, Nagase Hōsuke’nin Türkiye ve Türklere ilişkin izlenim ve değerlendirmeleri genel hatlarıyla ele alınmıştır.

  16. Retrovõtmes pühamu / Karin Paulus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paulus, Karin, 1975-

    2005-01-01

    Tallinnasse Lasnamäele plaanitava Jumalaema kiriku arhitektuurikonkursi võidutööst arhitektuuribüroolt Z-Projekt (arhitektid Oleg Zhemtshugov, Nikolai Djatko, Jevgeni Kolomenkin). Kommenteerib kunstiteadlane Mari-Liis Paaver. Ergutuspreemiad said arhitektuuribüroo ZiZi & YoYo projekt (arhitektid Veronika Valk, Yoko Alender) ning arhitektuuribüroo Lokomotiiv (arhitektid Jüri Martson, Rasmus Reinolt, Ivo-Martin Veelma)

  17. Sadamaala konkurss : Tallinna kesklinnaga piirneva mereäärse ala parima linnaehitusliku kontseptsiooni saamiseks korraldatud arhitektuurivõistlus / Andres Alver, Margus Koot, Arvo Rikkinen...[jt.] ; interv. Triin Ojari

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    Zürii liikmed konkursist, premeeritud töödest. Preemiad: I - Villem Tomiste, Veronika Valk; II - Illimar Truverk, Indrek Järve, Mattias Agabus, Tiit Sild, Karri Tiigisoon ning Toomas Paaver, Lauri Saar; III - Ivar Lubjak, Maria Pukk; ostud: Ott Kadarik, Rene Valner ning Siiri Vallner, Indrek Peil; täiendav ost (Muinsuskaitseamaet): Nikolai Serebrjakov, Leonid Tozil, Sergei Sevtsenko, Sulev Roosmaa. 6 illustratsiooni

  18. Vabaduse ilmingud / Nicolas Boldych ; tõlkinud Viiviann Jõemets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Boldych, Nicolas

    2011-01-01

    Eesti kultuurifestivali raames eesti kaasaegse kunsti näitus "Vabadus" ("Liberté") Pariisis Château d'Asniéres's 19.11.-04.12.2011, kuraator Kaia Kiik. Loetletud kunstnikud. Kirke Kangro, Aili Vahtrapuu, Louis Dandreli ja Viiviann Jõemetsa, Terje Ojaveri, Jüri Ojaveri, Marko Mäetamme, Ly Lestbergi, Einike Leppiku, Jaanika Peerna, Kaia Kiige, Flo Kasearu, Jass Kaselaane ja Veronika Valgu töödest

  19. Milleks monumenti = Why a monument? / Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Treier, Heie, 1963-

    2006-01-01

    2006. a. toimunud Jüri Lotmani mälestusmärgi konkursist, Mati Karmini ja Andres Lunge võidutööst. Monumentide positiivseid näiteid: Tubina plats Tartus (Aili Vahtrapuu, Veronika Valk, Louis Dandrel), ideekavandid: Estonia teatri juubelimonument Tallinnas (Tiiu Kirsipuu, Üla Koppel) ja Eesti iseseisvuse monument Pärnus Rüütli platsil (Mart Aas, Kaarel Eelma, Mikk Mutso). Bibl. lk. 73

  20. Randomness in Contemporary Graphic Art

    OpenAIRE

    Zavřelová, Veronika

    2016-01-01

    Veronika Zavřelová Bachelor thesis Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Education, Department of Art Education Randomness in contemporary graphic art imaginative picture card game ANNOTATION This (bachelor) thesis concerns itself with a connection between verbal and visual character system within the topic of Randomness in contemporary graphic art - imaginative picture card game. The thesis is mainly based on the practical part - exclusively created card game Piktim. The card game uses as...

  1. Arhitektuur rahu toomas / Triin Ojari

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojari, Triin, 1974-

    2008-01-01

    Näitus "Identiteet ja arhitektuur [post-]konfliktsetes piirkondades" ("Peacebuilding") 30. okt.-9. nov. 2008 Casa dell' Architetturas Roomas. Üldkuraator Pippo Ciorra. Näitus keskendus Euroopa idaosa, Balkanimaade ja Lähis-Ida regioonile. Eestist oli näitusele valitud 7 objekti, autoriteks bürood Kolm Pluss Üks, KOKO Arhitektid, Kavakava, arhitektid Pekka Vapaavuori, Siiri Vallner, Indrek Peil, Tomomi Hayashi, Veronika Valk ja Aili Vahtrapuu

  2. Non-Ionic Highly Permeable Polymer Shells for Encapsulation of Living Cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-01

    I would like to thank Irina Drachuk for her extensive assistance in data collection and analysis , and Drs. Veronika Kozlovskaya and Olga Shchepelina...considered complete when the intensity of the photobleached region stabilized. The quantitative analysis was performed using ImageJ software, and curve...E., Tannin -protein complexes as radical scavengers and radical sinks. J Agric Food Chem 2001, 49 (10), 4917-23. 53. Lopes, G. K.; Schulman, H. M

  3. Selgusid kirjanduse aastapreemiate saajad / Rein Veidemann ; komment. Karl Martin Sinijärv, Viivi Luik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veidemann, Rein, 1946-

    2006-01-01

    Eesti Kultuurkapitali aastapreemiad: Kristiina Ehini luulekogu "Kaitseala" ja Jürgen Rooste luulekogu "Ilusaks inimeseks", Piret Raud "Sanna ja salakütid", Merle Karusoo näidend "Misjonärid", Madis Kõivu artiklikogumik "Luhta-minek". Tõlkepreemiad tõlkijatele Anu Saluäär, Heili Einasto, Lembi Loigu, Veronika Kivisilla, Risto Järv. Vabaauhind Käbi Laretei. Artiklipreemia Aare Pilv. Venekeelse autori kirjandusauhind Gohar Markosjan-Käsper, Svetlan Semenenko

  4. Tarptautinė konferencija "Biblioteka: informacija ir žinios kiekvienam" / Viktorija Pukėnaitė, Žydrė Vėtienė

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pukėnaitė, Viktorija

    2015-01-01

    Eesti Raamatukoguhoidjate Ühingu esindus osales 27.-28. aprillini Vilniuse parlamendis toimunud rahvusvahelisel konverentsil „Raamatukogu: teave ja teadmised kõigile“. Juuresolevatel fotodel Eesti Raamatukoguhoidjate Ühingu juhatuse esinaine Katre Riisalu ja Viljandi Linnaraamatukogu töötaja Veronika Raudsepp Linnupuu. Nr. 6 juttu Tallinna Keskraamatukogu esindaja Angelica Õunapuu ja Tartu Ülikooli esindaja Mai Põldaasa ettekannetest

  5. AFM ve farmaceutické technologii 3.

    OpenAIRE

    Ščuryová, Veronika

    2015-01-01

    Charles University in Prague Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmaceutical Technology Student: Veronika Ščuryová Supervisor: doc. RNDr. Pavel Doležal, CSc. Title of thesis: AFM in Pharmaceutical Technology 3 The theoretical part deals first with the construction of AFM microscope, the principle of the method, determining the surface topography and regimes which can be used. Described therein are distinct advantages over previous traditional methods but also its pitfalls. ...

  6. Short outlines of books by Estonian authors / Brita Melts, Rutt Hinrikus and Janika Kronberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Melts, Brita

    2015-01-01

    Arvustus: Afanasjev, Vahur. Tünsamäe tigu. Tartu Tartu NAK, 2015 ; Vadi, Urmas. Kuidas me kõik reas niimoodi läheme. Tallinn : Tuum, 2014 ; Traat, Mats. Kolm Solveigi. Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2015 ; Saat, Mari. Matused ja laulupeod. Tartu : Petrone Print, 2015 ; Kivisilla, Veronika. Cantus firmus. Tallinn : Näo Kirik, 2015 ; Kolk, Jüri. Suur võidujooks. Tallinn : Tuum, 2015 ; Mudlum. Tõsine inimene. Tallinn : ZA/UM, 2014

  7. [Miks uurib politsei Ottise ja ehitusfirma Facio vahelist tüli?] / Tarmo Vahter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahter, Tarmo, 1970-

    2006-01-01

    Seoses koolitüdruku Veronika Dari tapmisega, kus tegelikuks sihtmärgiks oli Riigi Kinnisvara juht Tiit Ottis, tunneb politsei huvi kolme riigi poolt tellitud ehitustöö vastu. Need on keskkriminaalpolitsei peakorteri ning Tallinna Pae ja Mustamäe gümnaasiumi renoveerimine. Uurimise käigust. Vt. samas: Katkeid Riigi Kinnisvara ja Facio Ehituse juhtide kirjavahetusest Pae ja Mustamäe gümnaasiumide remondi teemal. Tiit Ottis: "Mehed, te rikastute alusetult!"

  8. Kommivabriku aura jääb Tondile. Ideid Kalevi kvartali tulevikuks / Piret Peensoo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Peensoo, Piret

    2003-01-01

    Tallinnas Järvevana tee ja Pärnu maantee vahelise ala ruumilise planeerimise ideeprojekti avalik arhitektuurikonkurss, võitjad Nikolai Volkov ja Liis Sagadi, 2. koht - Irina Raud, Toomas Tammis, Tarmo Teedumäe, Karl Luik, Renee Puusepp, 3. koht - Veronika Valk. Laste Maailma Galeriis võistlusprojektide näitus "Magus urbanism". Fakte kommivabriku "Kalev" ajaloost. Vabrik jätkab tööd Rae vallas Põrguväljal

  9. Me võime liigutada tooli / Kristina Pai

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pai, Kristina, 1967-

    2014-01-01

    Põhja- ja Baltimaade raamatukoguhoidjate kohtumisest 2013. aasta septembris Helsingis jagasid muljeid Toila raamatukogu juhataja Lea Rand, Viljandi Linnaraamatukogu lugemissaalide juhataja Veronika Raudsepp-Linnupuu, Lääne Maakonna Keskraamatukogu direktor Ilme Sepp, Võrumaa Keskraamatukogu direktor Inga Kuljus, ERÜ esimees Katre Riisalu, Tallinna Keskraamatukogu direktor Kaie Holm, Tartu Linnaraamatukogu spetsialist Maia Tammjärv, Lääne-Virumaa Keskraamatukogu direktor Kaili Õunapuu-Seidelberg

  10. Risk groups for overweight and obesity among Turkish and Moroccan migrants in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dijkshoorn, H.; Nierkens, V.; Nicolaou, M.

    2008-01-01

    Objectives: The association between sociodemographic factors and acculturation with overweight/obesity in Turks and Moroccans was studied to identify target groups for prevention. Study design: A cross-sectional study was undertaken among a sample of 1384 Turks and Moroccans aged 35-74 years in

  11. Education Matters: Continuity and Change in Attitudes to Education and Social Mobility among the Offspring of Turkish Guest Workers in the Netherlands and Austria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pásztor, Adél

    2014-01-01

    By comparing the educational situation of second-generation Turks in the Netherlands and Austria, the paper investigates the reasons behind the differential higher educational gains of the descendants of guest workers in the two countries. By relying on in-depth interviews with second-generation Turks, the paper illustrates how ethnic…

  12. Hunlar’da Sosyal, Siyâsî Hayat Ve Devlet- Halk İlişkileri

    OpenAIRE

    ÇERÇİ, Faris

    2012-01-01

    In the begining of thousand years of B.C, Khuns that appeared in the stage of history as the oldest of Turk states established the greatest nomadic rulerness (khan) of Asia.In Turk history, Mete Khan who importandly infliunced a historic beginning brought the first understanding about modern state and army and indicated the sacredness of love of motherland and nation.China administration educated its armies according to system of Turks and employed weapons of Khuns to stop KhunsÇi-çi Khan lon...

  13. Eski Türklerin Dini

    OpenAIRE

    UĞURLU, Serdar

    2013-01-01

    Shamanism which is a religion of the Turks, or the idea that is the oldest religion of the Turks, is an incorrect assumption that has engaged the academic circles for a long time. Yet, the belief system which is known as Shamanism, is a system that has not yet occurred BC. As can be understood in the studies, shamanism applied in their regions of Turks and surrounding communities, in Central Asia only after 11th century, and it is a belief system held by therapeutic-the clergy called Shaman o...

  14. Ahmet Efe’nin Çocuk Hikâyelerinde Değer Eğitimi ve Hikâyelerin Türkçe Eğitimine Katkısı Value Educatıon In Ahmet Efe’s Children Stories And Contrıbutıons Of These Stories To Turkısh Educatıon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zekerya BATUR

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In this study, Ahmet Efe’s children stories works are examinedfrom the aspect of value education and Turkish education. Efe’schildren stories are taken as examples. It is used the method of storymap for analizing those stories. Those stories are given value educationpart. Those stories contributed development of Turkish education.Ahmet Efe’s stories are analized and those values are found: dearment,God dearment, motherland dearment, family dearment, frienddearment, nature dearment, animal dearment, honesty, sincerity,goodness, helpful, the valve of work and production, the valve of mercy,the valve of pity, the valve of school life, life happiness in the thosestories. In those stories being critizing behaviors are: lie and cheat, notobeying advice, jealousy and anger, betroying trust, theft and greedy arefound and examined in the those stories. Consequently, with regard tovalue education it is seen that they have a rich content.Ahmet Efe’s works are examined in terms of their contributionstoTurkish education, and usage of proverb, idiom, reduplication,routines and echoic words. In these works intensive usage of proverbs,idioms, duplications, routins and echoic words is seen. Examinedstudied used effectively proverbs, idioms and sayings mold.In the light of this data it is deduced that Ahmet Efe’s works areresources which are to be benefited in the process of value educationand Turkish education. Bu çalışmada, Ahmet Efe’nin çocuk hikâyelerinde değer eğitimi ve hikâyelerin Türkçe eğitimine katkısı bakımından incelenmiştir. Örneklem olarak Ahmet Efe’nin yazdığı çocuk hikâyeleri alınmıştır. Bu hikâyelerin çözümlenmesinde ise hikâye haritası yöntemi kullanılmıştır. Hikâyelerin çocuk edebiyatı açısından taşıdığı özellikler “Değer Eğitimi” olarak belirlenmiş, sözcük çeşitliliği açısından ise Türkçenin gücüne katkısı ortaya çıkarılmaya çalışılmıştır. Ahmet Efe’nin hikâyeleri, analiz edilmiş ve şu değerler tespit edilmiştir: Allah sevgisi, vatan sevgisi, aile sevgisi, arkadaş sevgisi, doğa sevgisi, hayvan sevgisi, doğruluk, dürüstlük, içtenlik, iyilik, yardımseverlik, çalışmanın ve üretmenin değeri, merhametin, acımanın değeri, okul yaşamının değeri, yaşama sevincidir. Ayrıca değer eğitimi açısından eleştirilen tutumlar olarak yalan ve aldatma, büyük sözü dinlememe, kıskançlık ve öfke, emanete hıyanetlik etme, hırsızlık ve açgözlülük değerleri tespit edilmiş ve ele alınıp incelenmiştir. Sonuç olarak, Ahmet Efe’nin hikâyelerinin değer eğitimi bakımından zengin bir içeriğe sahip olduğu görülmüştür.Ayrıca Ahmet Efe’nin hikâyeleri, Türkçe öğretimine katkısı bakımından atasözü, deyim, ikileme, kalıp sözler ve yansıma kelimelerin kullanımı açısından da incelenmiştir. Bu hikâyelerde atasözü az, deyim, ikileme, kalıp söz ve yansıma kelimelerin ise yoğun bir şekilde kullanıldığı görülmüştür. İncelenen eserlerde atasözleri, deyimler ve kalıp sözler etkili bir şekilde kullanılmıştır.Bütün bu veriler ışığında Ahmet Efe’nin hikâyelerinin, değer eğitimi ve Türkçe öğretimi sürecinde yararlanılması gereken kaynaklar arasında olduğu sonucu çıkarılabilir.

  15. LANGUAGE POLICIES PURSUED IN THE AXIS OF OTHERING AND IN THE PROCESS OF CONVERTING SPOKEN LANGUAGE OF TURKS LIVING IN RUSSIA INTO THEIR WRITTEN LANGUAGE / RUSYA'DA YASAYAN TÜRKLERİN KONUSMA DİLLERİNİN YAZI DİLİNE DÖNÜSTÜRÜLME SÜRECİ VE ÖTEKİLESTİRME EKSENİNDE İZLENEN DİL POLİTİKALARI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Süleyman Kaan YALÇIN (M.A.H.

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Language is an object realized in two ways; spokenlanguage and written language. Each language can havethe characteristics of a spoken language, however, everylanguage can not have the characteristics of a writtenlanguage since there are some requirements for alanguage to be deemed as a written language. Theserequirements are selection, coding, standardization andbecoming widespread. It is necessary for a language tomeet these requirements in either natural or artificial wayso to be deemed as a written language (standardlanguage.Turkish language, which developed as a singlewritten language till 13th century, was divided intolanguages as West Turkish and North-East Turkish bymeeting the requirements of a written language in anatural way. Following this separation and through anatural process, it showed some differences in itself;however, the policy of converting the spoken language ofeach Turkish clan into their written language -the policypursued by Russia in a planned way- turned Turkish,which came to 20th century as a few written languagesinto20 different written languages. Implementation ofdiscriminatory language policies suggested by missionerssuch as Slinky and Ostramov to Russian Government,imposing of Cyrillic alphabet full of different andunnecessary signs on each Turkish clan by force andothering activities of Soviet boarding schools opened hadconsiderable effects on the said process.This study aims at explaining that the conversionof spoken languages of Turkish societies in Russia intotheir written languages did not result from a naturalprocess; the historical development of Turkish languagewhich is shaped as 20 separate written languages onlybecause of the pressure exerted by political will; and how the Russian subjected language concept -which is thememory of a nation- to an artificial process.

  16. Cross-cultural differences in categorical memory errors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwartz, Aliza J; Boduroglu, Aysecan; Gutchess, Angela H

    2014-06-01

    Cultural differences occur in the use of categories to aid accurate recall of information. This study investigated whether culture also contributed to false (erroneous) memories, and extended cross-cultural memory research to Turkish culture, which is shaped by Eastern and Western influences. Americans and Turks viewed word pairs, half of which were categorically related and half unrelated. Participants then attempted to recall the second word from the pair in response to the first word cue. Responses were coded as correct, as blanks, or as different types of errors. Americans committed more categorical errors than did Turks, and Turks mistakenly recalled more non-categorically related list words than did Americans. These results support the idea that Americans use categories either to organize information in memory or to support retrieval strategies to a greater extent than Turks and suggest that culture shapes not only accurate recall but also erroneous distortions of memory. © 2014 Cognitive Science Society, Inc.

  17. ASSESSMENT OF FIBRE CHARACTERISTICS AND SUITABILITY ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Samuel

    HUSK AND STALK FOR PULP AND PAPER PRODUCTION. *Ekhuemelo ... Key Words: Maize, husk, stalk, pulp, and fibre length. ..... Turk. J. Agric. For. 23(3):. 589-597. Encyclopaedia Britannica, (2012). Corn ... Anatomical, structure and lignin.

  18. 78 FR 65223 - Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Proposed Determination of Miscellaneous...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-31

    ... defined these items in terms of their ability to safely store fresh food. In so doing, the agency has.... (2013). ``U.S. Residential Miscellaneous Refrigeration Products: Results from Amazon Mechanical Turk...

  19. Panhypopituitarism Due to Hemochromatosis

    OpenAIRE

    Mesut Özkaya; Kadir Gis; Ali Çetinkaya

    2013-01-01

    Hemochromatosis is an iron storage disease. Panhypopituitarism is a clinical condition in which the anterior pituitary hormones are deficient. Herein, we report a rare case of panhypopituitarism due to hemochromatosis. Turk Jem 2013; 17: 125-6

  20. Familial Mediterranean Fever

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... people of Mediterranean origin — including Sephardic Jews, Arabs, Greeks, Italians, Armenians and Turks. But it may affect ... attacks, you'll likely feel normal. Symptom-free periods may be as short as a few days ...

  1. 77 FR 50547 - Agency Information Collection: Emergency Submission for OMB Review (PACT: Clinical Innovation...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-21

    ... 10-0532h. j. Depression and Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS-21; Lovibond & Lovibond, 1995), VA Form 10... Pain Inventory (MPI; Kearns, Turk, & Rudy, 1985), VA Form 10-0532c. e. Pain Catastrophizing Scale...

  2. Changes in micronutrients, dry weight and plant growth of soybean ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    STORAGESEVER

    2008-06-03

    Jun 3, 2008 ... of soybean (Glycine max L. Merrill) cultivars under salt stress. Murat Tunçturk1* ... Salinity stress negatively affected soybean cultivars and the extent of ... INTRODUCTION. Soybean is a ..... A general approach. Science 210: ...

  3. Resilience in the Disabling Effect of Gait Speed Among Older Turkish and Moroccan Immigrants and Native Dutch.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klokgieters, Silvia S; van Tilburg, Theo G; Deeg, Dorly J H; Huisman, Martijn

    2018-06-01

    To investigate the factors that inhibit the disabling effect of impairments among citizens who have migrated from Turkey and Morocco and native Dutch according to a resilience perspective. Using data from the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam with 928 native Dutch, 255 Turks, and 199 Moroccans aged 55 to 65, linear regression analysis assessed whether country of origin, mastery, income, and contact frequency modified the relationship between gait speed and activity limitations. Turks, but not Moroccans, demonstrated stronger associations between gait speed and activity limitations than the Dutch. Mastery modified the association among the Dutch and the Turks. Income modified the association only among the Dutch. Effect modification by contact frequency was not observed. Moroccans and Dutch appeared to be more resilient against impairments than Turks. As none of the resilience factors buffered in all three populations, we conclude that resilience mechanisms are not universal across populations.

  4. Assessment relationship between agro-morphological traits and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ahmadizadeh.M

    2012-05-01

    May 1, 2012 ... Principal component analysis (PCA) identifies plant traits which ..... interaction analysis of yield performance in bread wheat genotypes across environments. Turk J. ... Determination of grain protein concentration in barley.

  5. Cultural diversity and urban innovativeness: Personal and business characteristics of urban migrant entrepreneurs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sahin, M.; Nijkamp, P.; Rietdijk, M.M.

    2009-01-01

    This article studies the driving forces for successful migrant entrepreneurship in Amsterdam. Three categories of migrants are investigated: Moroccans, Surinamese and Turks. Particular attention is paid to their personal and business characteristics. An extensive field survey was undertaken to

  6. Short tandem repeat (STR) polymorphisms in Turkish population

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Administrator

    4Gazi University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biology and Genetics, Ankara, Turkey. Introduction ... by PCR-based method offers certain advantages over RFLP ... The combined PD, PE and PIC values of nine loci in Turk-.

  7. Overexploitation and cumulative drought trend effect on Ras El Ain ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Boulos Abou Zakhem

    2017-10-06

    Oct 6, 2017 ... development of sustainable water resources management program to reduce long-term drought risks, ... Anatolian mountain chain at >1000 m ASL (Turk- ... due to climatic change effect by global warming. ... supply levels.

  8. The Forgotten Airwar: Airpower in the Mesopotamian Campaign

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Lambert, Peter

    2003-01-01

    ... I. Britain conducted military operations against Ottoman forces in Mesopotamia to defend Britain's oil interests and lines of communication, but also to open an additional front against the Turks...

  9. Vestige

    OpenAIRE

    Turk, G

    2014-01-01

    For its thirteenth exhibition, Frances Foundation invites artist Gavin Turk to engage in dialogue with works from the collection.\\ud \\ud Through painting and sculpture, Gavin Turk recycle the work of his predecessors, icons of modern art such as Jackson Pollock, Andy Warhol or Jasper Johns. He plays with the history of art, revisits its codes, questions the myth of the artist and, more broadly, the way of life in our society.

  10. A new record of Morula anaxares with a description of the radula of three other species from Goa, Central West Coast of India (Gastropoda: Muricidae)

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Kumbhar, J; Rivonker, C

    konkanensis (Melvill 1893) and Purpura bufo Lamarck 1822 from Goa are described for the first time using SEM photographs. Keywords: Muricidae, Goa, new record, taxonomic diagnosis, radula, SEM. 190 J.V. Kumbhar and C.U. Rivonker / Turk. J. Fish... optical zoom). The specimens were subsequently identified up to species Figure 1. Map of study area indicating sampling sites J.V. Kumbhar and C.U. Rivonker / Turk. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 189-197 (2012) 191...

  11. Shake, Rattle and Roles: Lessons from Experimental Earthquake Engineering for Incorporating Remote Users in Large-Scale E-Science Experiments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    Mechanical Turk: Artificial Artificial Intelligence . Retrieved May 15, 2006 from http://www.mturk.com/ mturk/welcome Atkins, D. E., Droegemeier, K. K...Turk (Amazon, 2006) site goes beyond volunteers and pays people to do Human Intelligence Tasks, those that are difficult for computers but relatively...geographically distributed scientific collaboration, and the use of videogame technology for training. Address: U.S. Army Research Institute, 2511 Jefferson

  12. The impaired change in plasma long-chain acylcarnitine level as a marker of insulin resistence

    OpenAIRE

    Šišmová, Petra

    2018-01-01

    Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Kralove Department of Biophysics and Physical Chemistry Rīga Stradiņš University Latvian Institute of Organic Synthesis Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Pharmacology Candidate: Petra Šišmová Supervisor: Dr. Pharm. Elina Makarova, assoc. prof. Veronika Nováková, Ph.D. Title of the diploma thesis: The impaired change in plasma long-chain acylcarnitine level as a marker of insulin resistance Insulin resistance presents one of the factors that could le...

  13. Komparácia efektivity zotavenia na zmenu rychlostných a silových indikátorov u softbalistiek

    OpenAIRE

    Sidorová, Veronika

    2016-01-01

    Title of thesis: Comparison to efficiency of recovery due to the change of speed and strenght indicators of women softbal players Compiled by: Bc. Veronika Sidorová Supervisor: PaedDr. Tomáš Malý, Ph.D. Objectives: The aim is to compare the efficiency of recovery in two regeneration procedures to change the speed and power indicators in extra league softbal player wore a short-motor performance. Methodology of work: The object of the study was 14 extra league softball player wore for which we...

  14. Využití prvků bazální stimulace u dětí s diagnózou ADHD v předškolním věku

    OpenAIRE

    Mojžíšová, Veronika

    2013-01-01

    Title of Bachelor Thesis: The Use of the Elements of the Basal Stimulation for Children Diagnosed with ADHD in preschool age Name and Surname: Veronika Mojžíšová Department: Department of Special Education, Faculty of Education, Charles University in Prague Supervisor: PhDr. Mgr. Pavlína Šumníková, Ph.D. The year of presentation: 2013 Abstract: The aim of this thesis was to use and verify basal stimulation in preschool children diagnosed with ADHD. I used simple methods of qualitative researc...

  15. Respektování lidské důstojnosti v ošetřovatelské péči u pacientů léčeben dlouhodobě nemocných

    OpenAIRE

    Řádová, Veronika

    2010-01-01

    88 Synopsis Author: Veronika Řádová Institutions: Charles University in Prague Faculty of Medicine in Hradec Králové Institute of Social Medicine Department of Nursing Title: Respecting human dignity in nursing care for patients in long stay hospitals Supervisor: doc. PhDr. Jana Kutnohorská, CSc. Number of pages: 102 Number of attachments: 3 Year of viva voice: 2010 Keywords: geriatrics, human dignity, respect for the patient, nursing care, nursing ethics The thesis deals with respect for hum...

  16. Puitu tahutud mõte : keskaegsed raepingid = Ideas Carved in Wood : Medieval Magistrates' Benches / Merike Koppel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koppel, Merike

    2004-01-01

    Säilinud on ühe raepingi nikerdatud seljatugi ja käetugede otsalauad (14. saj. 2. pool), teise raepingi Simsoni võitlust lõviga ning Tristani ja Isolde armastuslugu kujutavad külgleenid (14. saj.), kolmanda pingi reljeefidega pingiküljed (Taaveti võitlus Koljatiga, karu ja lõvi ning Simson ja Delila, Aristoteles ja Phyllis) ja kaunistatud seljatugi (15. saj. algus) ning pingi juures olnud puuskulptuurid "Veronika rätt" (15. saj. keskpaik) ja Ristija Johannese pea (1460-ndad)

  17. International and national aspects of double taxation

    OpenAIRE

    Doležalová, Veronika

    2007-01-01

    Veronika Doležalová Mezinárodní a vnitrostátní aspekty dvojího zdan ní 160 International and national aspects of double taxation - Resumé This thesis pays attention to the area of double taxation and its related national as well as international aspects. The reason for discussing this subject was its importance for removing the obstacles that double taxation presents to the development of economic relations between countries. The thesis is divided into five chapters. There are six annexes att...

  18. Each girl kills the thing she loves. Variazioni melodrammatiche nella scena contemporanea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefania Rimini

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available This essay attempts to draw an innovative map of melodramatic sensitivity according to specific criteria of genre and form. It derives its inspiration from themes found in Fassbinder's cinematgraphy - such as the complex interplay of love, power and desire - and then proceeds on three different axes based on The bitter tears of Petra von Kant, A Streetcar Named Desire andVeronika Voss. Each section analyzes its subject in parallel with with some theatre revisions, combining thematic issues and semiotic patterns.

  19. Elagu manhattaniseerumine! = Long Live Manhattanisation! / Panu Lehtovuori

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lehtovuori, Panu, 1968-

    2006-01-01

    Maakri kvartali arhitektuurikonkursist. Võistlustööd vajavad veel edasist läbitöötamist ja seetõttu on vajalik võistluse II etapp. Töödest "Galileo", autorid Tõnu Laigu, Koit Ojaliiv, Juhan Rohtla (QP Arhitektid), "Urban Village", autor Kalle Komissarov, "Parkour'32", autorid Kadri Tamre, Indrek Tiigi, Ülar Mark (Urban Mark), "Parabool", autorid Leena Torim, Veronika Valk, Tõnis Arjus, Kadri Klementi, Eerik Kändler (Zizi & Yoyo), "Trident", autorid Ott Kadarik, Villem Tomiste, Mihkel Tüür (Kosmos)

  20. Kultuurkapitali aastapreemiad 2009 / Liina Jänes

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jänes, Liina, 1977-

    2010-01-01

    Žürii liige kandidaatidest, preemia saanud objektidest, preemia määramise põhjendus. Peapreemia said Andres Alver, Veljo Kaasik ja Tiit Trummal Tallinna Vabaduse väljaku eest. Arhitektuuri objektipreemia võitis Uus- ja Vana Jahuladu Tallinnas (HG Arhitektuur, Hanno Grossschmidt, Tomomi Hayashi, Yoko Azukava), väikeobjekti preemia Lasva veetorn (põhiautor Veronika Valk), restaureerimise preemia Nõmme Saksa Lunastaja kirik (Fredi-Armand Tomps, Anne Koppel), sisearhitektuuri preemia AS Baltika büroo (Studio 3, Kolm Pluss Üks), tegevuspreemia Ilona Gurjanova

  1. WORD BORROWING AND VOCABULARY EXCHANGE IN TURKISH DIALECTS: CASE OF OSMANIYE TATAR DIALECT / TÜRK LEHÇELERI ARASINDA SÖZCÜK ALIS VERISI VE SÖZ VARLIĞI DEĞISIMI: OSMANIYE TATAR AĞZI ÖRNEĞI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Ercan ALKAYA

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available The basic vocabulary which constructs the main vocabulary of alanguage is the word that is transferred from generation to generation in everylanguage, has importance of first degree and reflects important concepts aboutmankind and his environment. The words dealing with body, color, andconcepts about nature, animal names, numbers, and the most used verbs,words of holy concepts and persons and traditions consist of basic vocabularyof a language. In this study, the change in vocabulary of Kazan Tatar Turks, whomigrated from Kazan, Orenburg and Samara regions and inhabited in thevillage of Osmaniye of Çifteler, Eskisehir after 1884, was investigated. Thedialects of Tatar Turks who migrated from Kazan and its surrounding areawere affected by the local people who have been living in that region. Thoughthey still protect phonetical and morphological features of their language, itwas affected by the local dialect and Turkey Turkish.The main changes in the vocabulary of Tatar Turks in Osmaniye villagewere evaluated under several headings.

  2. Mitochondrial DNA control region analysis of three ethnic groups in the Republic of Macedonia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jankova-Ajanovska, Renata; Zimmermann, Bettina; Huber, Gabriela; Röck, Alexander W.; Bodner, Martin; Jakovski, Zlatko; Janeska, Biljana; Duma, Aleksej; Parson, Walther

    2014-01-01

    A total of 444 individuals representing three ethnic groups (Albanians, Turks and Romanies) in the Republic of Macedonia were sequenced in the mitochondrial control region. The mtDNA haplogroup composition differed between the three groups. Our results showed relatively high frequencies of haplogroup H12 in Albanians (8.8%) and less in Turks (3.3%), while haplogroups M5a1 and H7a1a were dominant in Romanies (13.7% and 10.3%, respectively) but rare in the former two. This highlights the importance of regional sampling for forensic mtDNA databasing purposes. These population data will be available on EMPOP under accession numbers EMP00644 (Albanians), EMP00645 (Romanies) and EMP00646 (Turks). PMID:25051224

  3. THE HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF CONSULTATION LIAISON PSYCHIATRY AND PSYCHOSOMATIC MEDICINE IN TURKISH CULTURE

    OpenAIRE

    ÖZKAN, Sedat

    2012-01-01

    Before discussing the approach traditionally taken towards the mentally ill by Turkish society, let me say a few words about just who the Turks are. The first historical references to them appear in Chinese records of about 200 BC who lived in Central Asia and are believed to be the ancestors of modern-day Turks. Other Turkic tribes gradually came and settled in Anatolia, where they found a local culture that had been developing over the centuries from a mixture of peoples and societies. The ...

  4. A registry-based follow-up study, comparing the incidence of cardiovascular disease in native Danes and immigrants born in Turkey, Pakistan and the former Yugoslavia: do social inequalities play a role?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hempler, Nana F; Larsen, Finn; Nielsen, Signe S

    2011-01-01

    ), such as employment, income and housing conditions influenced potential differences. METHODS: In this registry-based follow-up study individuals were identified in a large database that included individuals from two major regions in Denmark, corresponding to about 60% of the Danish population. Incident cases of CVD......, differences in CVD and AMI were reduced after adjustment for SES, in particular, among Turks regarding CVD. In women, effects were particularly reduced among Yugoslavians in the case of CVD and in Turks in the case of CVD and AMI after adjustment for SES. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, country of birth...

  5. Population Transplant From Adana After Peace Operations Carried Out In Cyprus (1975-1976)

    OpenAIRE

    Erdem ÇANAK

    2015-01-01

    Ottoman Empire ruled Cyprus between the years 1571-1878, in 1878 with Treaty of Lausanne was officially passed to England temporarily. Greeks who want to take advantage of this situation, gave fresh impetus to activities for“Enosis” . This process which led to the struggle for existence of Turks in the island and has resulted Peace Operation in 1974. However, Turks emigrated to different parts of the world, mainly toTurkey due to the pressure that they are exposed in the period leading up to ...

  6. William Shakespeare and Slovene dramatists (II : J. Jurčič, F. Levstik, I. Cankar, O. Župančič, B. Kreft : (the makers of myths

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirko Jurak

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available purpose of this study is to explore the influence of William Shakespeare on Slovene playwrights in the period between 1876, which marks the appearance of Jurčič - Levstik's Tugomer, and the 1930s, when Oton Župančič published his tragedy Veronika Deseniška (Veronika of Desenice, 1924 and, a few years later, Bratko Kreft his history, Celjski grofje (The Counts of Celje, 1932. Together with Cankar's works all of the plays discussed in this study deal with one of the well-known Slovene myths. In the previous number of Acta Neophilologica I published my study on the first Slovene tragedy Miss Jenny Love, which was published in Augsburg in 1780.1 The Romantic period, which followed this publication, was in Slovenia and elsewhere in Europe mainly characterized by the appearance of poetry, with a few exceptions of plays which were primarily intended for reading and not for the stage (Closet Drama. Let me mention here that in the Romantic period some of the finest Slovene poetry was written by France Prešeren (1800-1849, and although some of his friends suggested he should also attempt to write a play, his closest achievement to drama was his epic poem Krst pri Savici (Baptism at the Savica River, 1836, which is also often considered by literary historians as a predecessor of later Slovene dramatic literature. Although many Slovene authors who wrote their works in the nineteenth century knew Shakespeare's plays, they still found it easier to express themselves in prose. The first Slovene novel is Josip Jurčič's Deseti brat (The Tenth Brother, which was published in 1866, ten years earlier than his play Tugomer (Tugomer. However,Jurčičʹs tragedy Tugomer was artistically very much improved by the adaptation made by Fran Levstik, whose text has been since considered as the ʺtrueʺ version of this play. Further editions and adaptations of this play definitely prove that several Slovene authors have found the subject-matter of this play worthy

  7. 77 FR 3739 - Executive-led Aerospace and Defense Industry Trade Mission to Turkey-Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-25

    ... delegation, rather than traveling to Turkey on their own, will enhance the companies' ability to secure... security systems and energy management systems ROKETSAN: Rocket and missile technologies--structural... given Turks more money to travel. Turkey's per capita gross national income more than tripled between...

  8. Heavy metals (Cd, Cu, Ni and Pb) content in two fish species of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    GREGORY

    2010-09-13

    Sep 13, 2010 ... Water pollution and fish physiology. CRC press. Florida, USA, p. 245. Kalay M, Canli M (2000). Elimination of essential (Cu, Zn) and nonessential (Cd, Pb) metals from tissue of a freshwater fish Tilapia zillii following and uptake protocol. Turk. J. Zool. 24: 429-436. Karadede H, Ünlü E (2000). Concentrations ...

  9. Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    user

    2015-07-04

    Jul 4, 2015 ... About 18% of Indian population speak Dravidian language. Linguistic ... Military conquests by Arabs and Turks. British colonization. Among several ... 132 individuals. 25 populations. 15 states. All the language families. 560,123 SNPs. HGDP & HapMap. PCA - EIGENSOFT. Autosomal SNPs. Affymetrix 6.0 ...

  10. Systematics and evolution in the West Indian iguanid genus Cyclura

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schwartz, Albert; Carey, Michael

    1977-01-01

    Throughout the Greater Antilles, the Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands, the Bahama Islands, and the Turks and Caicos islands occurs a group of moderate to very large lizards of the iguanid genus Cyclura. These ground iguanas form a conspicuous element of the herpetofaunas of their respective

  11. Essential Oil Composition of Two Grammosciadium DC Species, G ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Turk J Bot 2012; 36: 637-643. 7. Buchbauer G. The detailed analysis of essential oils leads to the understanding of their properties. Perfumer. & Flavourist 2000; 25: 64-67. 8. Tzakou O, Pitarokili D, Chinou IB, Harvala C. Composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of Salvia ringens. Planta Med 2001; 67: 81-83.

  12. Van 'gastarbeider' tot 'Nederlander' : adaptatie van Marokkanen en Turken in Nederland

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Prins, Karin Simone

    1996-01-01

    This dissertation reports which adaptation strategies occur among Moroccans and Turks in the Netherlands, and how they are evaluated. Furthermore, we discuss several other factors that are related to adaptation strategies, like identity management strategies, general well-being, need for social

  13. The REMR Bulletin. News from the Repair, Evaluation, Maintenance, and Rehabilitation Research Program. Volume 11. Number 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-07-01

    coastal structures from erosion when stone is Corps Districts conducted detailed performance not economically available. These structures in- and breakage...with strict quality control measures .Jeffrev A. Me/lby is a research George F. Turk is a research hydraulic engineer in the~ Wace _______ hvdraulic

  14. The Relationships of Problem Solving Styles to Parenting Styles: Two Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neyen, Julia; Volpe, Carolyn Ann; Selby, Edwin C.; Houtz, John C.

    2017-01-01

    Two independent studies were conducted to examine the relationship of problem solving styles to parenting styles. Both studies used VIEW: An Assessment of Problem Solving Style and the Parental Authority Questionnaire (PAQ). Study 1 included 173 adults recruited using Mechanical Turk and Study 2 included 131 adults recruited using Qualtrics. Data…

  15. George Herbert Mead, Um, osoba i društvo

    OpenAIRE

    Bačeković, Alica

    2004-01-01

    Prikaz knjige George Herbert Mead, Um, osoba i društvo sa stajališta socijalnog biheviorista, priredio i uvod napisao Charles W. Morris, s engleskoga preveo Srđan Dvornik, Naklada Jesenski i Turk, Hrvatsko sociološko društvo, Zagreb 2003, xxx + 392 str

  16. Becoming In/Competent Learners in the United States: Refugee Students' Academic Identities in the Figured World of Difference

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bal, Aydin

    2014-01-01

    A practice-based dialectic theory of identity was used in this study to explore the cultural-historical context of an urban charter school in which a group of newly arrived Muslim Turk refugee students' academic identities were formed. The school, located in the Southwestern United States, was founded by a global Islamist movement. Ethnographic…

  17. CORRELATION OF ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF DRIED BERRY ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    berry fruits dietary intake are linked to their high polyphenols content. As a consequence, a .... 60% berry fruits (aronia, black currant, apple, rose hip, raspberry) .... This is probably due to the fact that fruit juices are produced from fresh fruits ..... acid, and sugar contents of citrus species and mandarin hybrids. Turk. J. Agric.

  18. Investigation of Participation in Adult Education in Turkey: AES Data Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dincer, N. Nergiz; Tekin-Koru, Ayca; Askar, Petek

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study is to identify the determinants of participation in adult education in Turkey. The analysis is conducted using the Adult Education Survey (AES), conducted by TurkStat. The results indicate that economic growth in the sector of employment significantly and positively affects the odds for adult education participation. The data…

  19. Sector-Based Analysis of the Education-Occupation Mismatch in the Turkish Labor Market

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mercan, Murat Anil; Karakas, Mesut; Citci, Sadettin Haluk; Babacan, Mehmet

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the existence of sectorial undereducation and overeducation problems in the Turkish labor market. In order to cope with this issue, the 2009 Household Labor Force Survey (TurkStat), which covers 145,934 individuals within 27 sectors, was utilized. An objective measure of education-occupation mismatch based…

  20. Influence of osmotic and metal stresses on nitrogenase activity of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Samples were collected from paddy fields in Corum-Turk.ye. Nitrogen-free BG-11 medium was used for isolation of nitrogen fixing cyanobacteria. Acetylene reduction technique was used to determine the effects of different chemical agents on the nitrogenase activities of the cyanobacteria, which were identified at the genus ...

  1. Positive Portrayals of Feminist Men Increase Men's Solidarity with Feminists and Collective Action Intentions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiley, Shaun; Srinivasan, Ruhi; Finke, Elizabeth; Firnhaber, Joseph; Shilinsky, Alyssa

    2013-01-01

    The present study examined whether positive portrayals of feminist men could increase men's sense of solidarity with feminists and, through it, their intentions to engage in collective action in support of women. A sample of 102 mostly White men between the ages of 18 and 63 was recruited from Mechanical Turk, an online crowdsourcing marketplace.…

  2. Self-Esteem and the Evaluation of Ethnic Identity among Turkish and Dutch Adolescents in the Netherlands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verkuyten, Maykel

    1990-01-01

    Reports results from a nationwide sample in the Netherlands examining effects of minority status on Turkish adolescents. Finds that Turkish ethnicity did not significantly lower self-esteem. Reveals that (for both groups) body image had the greatest impact on self-esteem. Reports ethnic identity was more salient to Turks' self-concept than to…

  3. Case report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    9 sept. 2015 ... thoracique et une échographie abdominale qui sont revenues normales. La patiente fut opérée en urgence, nous abordons en premier lieu les kystes en sous tentoriel. .... Ozdilmaç A, Aydin Y. Multiple intracranial hydatid cysts in a boy. Turk Neurosurg. 2009 Apr;. 19(2):203-7. PubMed | Google Scholar. 2.

  4. Cautivos Precervantinos, Cara y Cruz del Cautiverio (Pre-Cervantine Captives and the Condition of Their Captivity).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinez Ruiz, Juan

    1967-01-01

    Miguel de Cervantes' capture by the Turks and his imprisonment in Argel (Morocco) during the Battle of Lepanto in the sixteenth century have been studied by literary critics who have endeavored to determine fiction and reality in certain episodes of "Don Quijote" and in the drama, "Los banos de Argel". Twelve documents…

  5. Editorial

    OpenAIRE

    Erkan, Tülay

    2009-01-01

    The spectrum of antibiotics and diseases which are treated with antibiotics are increasing Antibiotics should be used in correct diagnosis indication dose and way of consumption Antibiotics should be started after pending the cultures Empiric choosing of antibiotics could be preferred in emergency and severe conditions Turk Arch Ped 2010; 45: 80th Year: 50 2 Key words: Antibiotics child infection

  6. Editorial

    OpenAIRE

    Erkan, Tülay

    2014-01-01

    The spectrum of antibiotics and diseases which are treated with antibiotics are increasing Antibiotics should be used in correct diagnosis indication dose and way of consumption Antibiotics should be started after pending the cultures Empiric choosing of antibiotics could be preferred in emergency and severe conditions Turk Arch Ped 2010; 45: 80th Year: 50 2 Key words: Antibiotics child infection

  7. Editörden

    OpenAIRE

    Arısoy, Nil

    2014-01-01

    The spectrum of antibiotics and diseases which are treated with antibiotics are increasing Antibiotics should be used in correct diagnosis indication dose and way of consumption Antibiotics should be started after pending the cultures Empiric choosing of antibiotics could be preferred in emergency and severe conditions Turk Arch Ped 2010; 45: 80th Year: 50 2 Key words: Antibiotics child infection

  8. The Analysis of Kutadgu Bilig in Terms of Values Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tural, Aysegul

    2018-01-01

    Kutadgu Bilig is one of the literal works that shed light on Turk-Islam history and culture. In this study, it is aimed to examine Kutagu Bilig in terms of values that are involved in social studies teaching program. In research, Kutadgu Bilig work that is written by Yusuf Has Hacip and is adopted to Turkish in today by Silahdaroglu is benefitted…

  9. Cognitive-Behavioral Classifications of Chronic Pain in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Fary; Pallant, Julie F.; Amatya, Bhasker; Young, Kevin; Gibson, Steven

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this study was to replicate, in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), the three-cluster cognitive-behavioral classification proposed by Turk and Rudy. Sixty-two patients attending a tertiary MS rehabilitation center completed the Pain Impact Rating questionnaire measuring activity interference, pain intensity, social support, and…

  10. Journal of Biosciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ... V Morales1 Laura E Bortoni2 Paula C Turk-Noceto1 Elio A Prieto1. Centro de Altos Estudios en Ciencias Humanas y de la Salud, Universidad Abierta Interamericana (UAI); Instituto de Oncología Ángel H Roffo, Buenos Aires, Argentina; Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Buenos Aires, Argentina ...

  11. Contemporary Radical Islam as a Consequence of Traditional Legacies and Globalization? A Case Study of the Southern Philippines

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-03-01

    the peaceful transmission of religion and culture. More specifically, they developed kinships by marrying royalty and raising the children under...Turks, Iranians, Pakistanis, Malaysians , Indonesians, and others had fragmented the historic ‘land of Islam’ (dar el-Islam) into communities with

  12. Aktualizace tureckého nebezpečí v iluminovaných hudebních rukopisech 16. století

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Šárovcová, Martina

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 6, č. 2 (2014), s. 72-84 ISSN 1804-1132 Institutional support: RVO:68378033 Keywords : illuminated manuscripts * music manuscripts * iconography * Turkish threat * Turks * Fabián Puléř († 1562) Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  13. A Primer for Conducting Survey Research Using MTurk: Tips for the Field

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chambers, Silvana; Nimon, Kim; Anthony-McMann, Paula

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents best practices for conducting survey research using Amazon Mechanical Turk (MTurk). Readers will learn the benefits, limitations, and trade-offs of using MTurk as compared to other recruitment services, including SurveyMonkey and Qualtrics. A synthesis of survey design guidelines along with a sample survey are presented to help…

  14. Patterns of migrant post-memory: the politics of remembering the Sayfo

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Numansen, Sofia; Ossewaarde, Marinus R.R.

    2015-01-01

    The Sayfo (or genocide) is remembered in Western Europe by diasporic communities of Arameans, Assyrians and Chaldeans in a variety of ways. Descendants of victims of systematic massacre of Christians by Turks and Kurds in 1915 have developed identities in the context of diaspora post-memory and

  15. The Impact of ICT on Pupils' Achievement and Attitudes in Social Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cener, Emin; Acun, Ismail; Demirhan, Gokhan

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of teaching social studies with the help of CT on pupils' achievement in social studies. A history, geography and culture oriented theme was selected from the social studies curriculum for the research, Turks on the Silk Road. A multimedia CD, documentaries, PowerPoint and so on were used to teach…

  16. Exploring the response process of culturally differing survey respondents with a response style: A sequential mixed-methods study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Morren, M.H.; Gelissen, J.P.T.M.; Vermunt, J.K.

    2013-01-01

    This article presents a mixed methods approach that integrates quantitative and qualitative methods to analyze why the four largest minorities in the Netherlands-Turks, Moroccans, Antilleans, and Surinamese-respond differently to items treating cultural topics. First, we conducted latent class

  17. The Readability of Principles of Macroeconomics Textbooks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tinkler, Sarah; Woods, James

    2013-01-01

    The authors evaluated principles of macroeconomics textbooks for readability using Coh-Metrix, a computational linguistics tool. Additionally, they conducted an experiment on Amazon's Mechanical Turk Web site in which participants ranked the readability of text samples. There was a wide range of scores on readability indexes both among…

  18. The end of the subordinate worker? The on-demand economy, the gig economy, and the need for protection for crowdworkers / Adrian Todoli-Signes

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Todoli-Signes, Adrian

    2017-01-01

    Töötajatest tulevikus, äriühingute muutumisest digitaalmaailmas ja füüsilisest isikust ettevõtjatest; töötajate kaitsmisest tööturul ja neile rakenduvatest tööseadustest; Uber'ist ja Amazon Mechanical Turk'ist

  19. Learning Crowdsourced User Preferences for Visual Summarization of Image Collections

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rudinac, S.; Larson, M.; Hanjalic, A.

    2013-01-01

    In this paper we propose a novel approach to selecting images suitable for inclusion in the visual summaries. The approach is grounded in insights about how people summarize image collections. We utilize the Amazon Mechanical Turk crowdsourcing platform to obtain a large number of manually created

  20. The effect of linguistic devices in information presentation messages on comprehension and recall

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tietze, M.I.; Winterboer, A.; Moore, J.D.

    2009-01-01

    In this paper we examine the effect of linguistic devices on recall and comprehension in information presentation using both recall and eye-tracking data. In addition, the results were validated via an experiment using Amazon's Mechanical Turk micro-task environment.

  1. PLease do not answer if you are reading this : respondent attention in online panels

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Paas, Leonard J.; Morren, Meike

    This paper reports on the relevance of attention checks for online panels, e.g., M-Turk, SurveyMonkey, SmartSurvey, QualTrics. In two SmartSurvey studies approximately one third of the respondents failed a check that instructed them to skip the question. Attention-enhancing tools reduce this to

  2. Successes and failures of inclusive education of youth from migrant backgrounds: The Turkish second generation in Europe

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Crul, M.R.J.; Schnell, Ph.; Schiff, C.; Szalai, J.

    2014-01-01

    This book compares the educational experiences of adolescents from a variety of 'visible' ethnic minority groups such as Roma in Central Europe, post-colonial minorities in France and England, Turks and Arabs in Germany, and recent immigrants in Scandinavia. Focusing on underprivileged urban

  3. Familiaer middelhavsfeber. Ikke loengere en udelukkelsesdiagnose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dragsted, U B; Eugen-Olsen, J; Mathiesen, L R

    1999-01-01

    Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF) is a recessive trait mainly affecting Jews, Turks and Arabs. FMF is characterized by recurrent episodes of painful serositis and fever leaving no sequelae. Involvement of the peritoneum is the most common clinical form. In 1997 the gene that causes FMF (MEFV-gen...

  4. Ethnic Differences in Lifestyle and Overweight in The Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cornelisse-Vermaat, J.R.; Maassen van den Brink, H.

    2007-01-01

    Objective: To study the effects of lifestyle variables and socioeconomic status on overweight among native Dutch and immigrants in The Netherlands. Research Methods and Procedures: Data were used from a survey sample (N = 2551) of native Dutch and immigrant respondents (Surinamese/Antilleans, Turks,

  5. Küresel Tarih Yaklaşimina Göre Qing İmperatorluğu’nun Çöküşü: Yeni Bir Kavrayiştan Söz Edilebilir mi? (The Fall of the Qing Empire in a Global History Perspective: New Insights?)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Douw, L.M.; Sina Akşin, S.; Balci, S.; Bariş, B.

    2010-01-01

    This essay is meant to provide background materials for the comparison of the Young Turk Revolution of 1908 and the nearly simultaneous fall of the Qing Dynasty in China in 1911. This will be done by summarizing several of the academic debates, which since the 1990s have profoundly changed the

  6. Drunk Driving Conviction Not Sufficient to Dismiss Tenured Teacher.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flygare, Thomas J.

    1983-01-01

    Recounts the case of "Turk v. Franklin Special School District" in Tennessee, in which the board's dismissal of a teacher was reversed by the Tennessee Supreme Court because the board failed to follow its own dismissal procedures and because the particular drunk driving conviction did not warrant dismissal. (RW)

  7. A Quantitative Study Examining Teacher Stress, Burnout, and Self-Efficacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephenson, Timar D.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this quantitative, correlational study was to examine the relationships between stress, burnout, and self-efficacy in public school teachers in the Turks and Caicos Islands. The Teacher Stress Inventory was used to collect data on teacher stress, the Maslach Burnout Inventory Educators Survey was used to obtain data on teacher…

  8. The Role of MTurk in Education Research: Advantages, Issues, and Future Directions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Follmer, D. Jake; Sperling, Rayne A.; Suen, Hoi K.

    2017-01-01

    The advent of online platforms such as Amazon's Mechanical Turk (MTurk) has expanded considerably researchers' options for collecting research data. Many researchers, however, express understandable skepticism of the viability of using platforms such as MTurk. In this article, we provide a background on the use of MTurk as a mechanism for…

  9. Ethnic Stereotypes and Prejudices of Young People in the Period 2004-2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zornitza Ganeva

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Ethnic stereotypes and prejudices as terms were examined and a historical review of their development (Duckitt, 1992 was made. The results from a survey of prejudices of young people of Bulgarian origin (n=942; 347 men and 595 women; average age 21.3 years towards the in-group and the representatives of the main ethnic minorities: Turks, Roma and Jews, carried out in 5 time intervals: 2004, 2006, 2008, 2010 and 2012, were presented. Through free associations, the relation between stereotypes and attitudes was studied in two social contexts: personal and community. The results showed that the assessment of the minority groups was more positive in the former than in the latter context. The persons studied perceived most negatively the representatives of the Romani ethnos, more weakly negatively the Turks, and the attitudes towards the Jews were positive.

  10. Study of Ethnic Stereotype of Young Bulgarians

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Z. Ganeva

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Ethnic stereotypes and prejudices as terms were examined from the point of view of the social identity theory (Tajfel, 1981. The results from a carried out longitudinal survey of stereotype and prejudices of young people of Bulgarian origin (n=1154; 453 men and 701 women; average age 21.7 years in 6 time intervals: in 2004, 2006, 2008, 2010, 2012 and 2014, towards the in-group and the representatives of the main ethnic minorities: Turks, Roma and Jews, were presented. Through free associations, the relation between stereotypes and attitudes was studied in two social contexts: personal and community. The results show that the assessment of the minority groups is more positive in the former than in the latter context. The persons studied perceive most negatively the representatives of the Romani ethnos, more weakly negatively the Turks, and the attitudes towards the Jews are positive.

  11. DEER BELIEF AND DEER SACRIFICE AROUND STEPPE CULTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aslı KAHRAMAN ÇINAR

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Turkish people have spreaded on a large area historically. They have left a mark on all the places they reach. The history of Turks begun in Central Asian Steppes. In reaction to the steppe culture, the human communities of Turks are hunter-nomad communities. The hunter-nomad comminuties make a living from stockfarming and apiculture. The deer is one of the essential animals for t he hunter-nomad communities in the daily life. In the steppe, the deer is seen in all area of social life. Further, the deer motives are commonly used in political, military, financial, the most religious areas. The hunter-nomad comminuties benefit by the meat, milk, leather, horns, nails, etc of the deer. In this study, we dwell on the deer with regard to its intended purposes and usage areas according to steppe culture. The references of this study are references are inscriptions, mythologic stories and archeological datas.

  12. A Change for the Better?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Rikke Skovgaard

    This thesis explores the preconditions of change and the possibilities for change in the housing careers of Somalis and Turks through an application of life course analysis. By directing inquiry to the process by which lives are lived and highlighting the importance of both structure and agency......, life course analysis offers a rewarding framework for an analysis of housing careers. The aim of the thesis is pursued through two strands explored in four independent papers. The first strand focuses on one specific transition in the housing career, leaving home, and is based register data analysis...... generally in the housing careers of Somalis and Turks through analyses of in-depth interviews. The main finding is that while Turkish migrant workers and Somali refugees face constraints in relation to housing, there are choices available to them in the Copenhagen housing market. Change comes about...

  13. The Potentials of a Strong Social Housing Sector

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Rikke Skovgaard

    2017-01-01

    The paper investigates ethnic minority concentration within social housing and the potentials of a strong social housing sector through an analysis of the housing careers of Somalis and Turks in Copenhagen. In a Danish context, the two ethnic groups differ greatly with respect to migration history......, socio-economic resources and family characteristics as well as distribution between tenures. It is therefore interesting to study whether these differences lead to differences in housing market choices and constraints. The majority of the interviewed Somalis and Turks made their housing careers within...... the social housing sector, which to the interviewees offered good housing options and possibilities for shaping their own housing careers. The majority of the Somalis perceived paying interest as being incompatible with Islam. Renting thus allowed them to adhere to their religious beliefs. The advantages...

  14. MUSICAL TERMS IN DIVAN OF NEV'Î / NEV’Î DİVÂNI’NDA MÛSİKÎ TERİMLERİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Sait ÇALKA (M.A.H.

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Along with history, the music has taken an important place in Turkslife, as an expression of melancholy, happiness, heroism, exitement, and love.Music in Turks is old, as old as Turk history. Some history and musicscientists talk about 6000 years of Turkish Music History. Music took animportant place especially at the Ottoman Emperior Times. This situation ishappened at the times of II. Murat, II. Beyazıt, IV. Murat, II. Mustafa, III.Ahmet, III. Selim, II. Mahmut, due to their extra worth on music. Demand tomusic also effected the literature, and thus the divan poets used musicalterms in their performance.In our work, we are going to stress on 16th Century Divan PoetNev's musical components.

  15. Psychological problems of Turkish migrants in West Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suzuki, P T

    1981-04-01

    The path of adjustment for Turkish migrants--young and old, male and female--to a highly industralized Western society is a difficult one fraught with parlous conditions over which they have little control, largely because of Germany attitudes toward and treatment of Gastarbeiter in general and Turks in particular. Holding other variables constant, the psychological problems discerned as unique to Turkish Gastarbeiter are on the rise. These problems are of such a dimension that they clearly show the urgent need for Germans, the German government and its agencies, the Turkish government, and mental health professionals to come to grips with the existing situation. A program should be devised that (1) prepares the Turks for their new life before emigration; (2) educate the host country to lessen prejudice and heighten appreciation of the alien culture.

  16. Distribution of Helicobacter pylori cagA, cagE, oipA and vacA in different major ethnic groups in Tehran, Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dabiri, Hossein; Maleknejad, Parviz; Yamaoka, Yoshio; Feizabadi, Mohammad M; Jafari, Fereshteh; Rezadehbashi, Maryam; Nakhjavani, Farrokh A; Mirsalehian, Akbar; Zali, Mohammad R

    2009-08-01

    There are geographical variations in Helicobacter pylori virulence genes; cagA, cagE, vacA and oipA. The present study compared the distribution of these genotypes in major ethnic groups residing in Tehran, Iran and their association with clinical outcomes. A total of 124 H. pylori-positive patients living in Tehran were enrolled in this study. The ethnic distribution was 74 Persians, 33 Turks and 17 other ethnics including Kurds, Lurs, Afghanis and Arabs. The presence of the cagA, cagE and oipA genes and vacA alleles (signal [s] and middle [m] region) were determined by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) from H. pylori DNA. The cagA-positive status was predominant in all three ethnic groups (e.g. 65% in Persians and 73% in Turks). In contrast, the cagE-positive status was less than half in Persians (47%) and Turks (30%), whereas it was 77% in other ethnicities (P = 0.008). The predominant vacA genotypes were s1 and m1 in all three ethnic groups (e.g. 68% in Persians and 70% in Turks were s1). There was no significant association between cagA and cagE status or vacA genotypes and clinical outcomes. The oipA-positive strains were more common in non-ulcer dyspepsia (NUD) (63%) than in peptic ulcer patients (15%) (P = 0.001) in Persians, but the association was not observed in other ethnic groups. There are some differences in the H. pylori genotypes among the ethnic groups in Iran. However, none of these markers seemed to be clinically helpful in predicting the clinical presentation of a H. pylori infection in Iran.

  17. Taking Jihad Out of the Hands of Infidels

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-06-01

    both Mecca and Medina from the Turks. In taking Mecca, the Wahhabis demonstrated their religious ferocity by destroying the tomb of Muhammad...did not sit well with the Turkish sultan. He tasked Mehmed Ali, the Egyptian Sultan, “to recover the holy cities.”73 On their third attempt, the...notable contributor to this transformation was an Egyptian named Sayyed Qutb, whose book, Milestones, was published in 1964. Qutb developed and

  18. Return of the Balkans: Challenges to European Integration and U.S. Disengagement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-01

    of 120 seats in Kosova’s parliament, 20 are guaranteed for Serbs, Roma, Ash- kali, Egyptians , Turks, Gorani, and Bosniaks. Monte- negrins and Croats...Vlachs, Roma, and Egyptians , announced in December 2011 that they will pursue a lawsuit at the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg...tion of Greeks from southern Albania laid a wreath at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in commemora- tion of the anniversary of the declaration of the Au

  19. European Security in the Balkans: The Case of Macedonia

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    their predecessors, the Turks.22 From the religious point of view, after the creation of the Federation of Serbs, Croats and Slovenians in 1918 , the...during the NATO summit in Bucharest, Romania , the Republic of Macedonia did not receive a deserved invitation to NATO membership due to the Republic of...integration of Bulgaria and Romania in the European Union was based on the short term political interests of the EU - to create a safe ring toward

  20. West Europe Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-02-18

    linguistic disasters. They are devoid of meaning, grammar, concept, reason and fluency . However, the journal that we are reading now is far ahead of...1984 list but were included in the 1985 list: Meric Textile, Sivas Cement , Nigde Cement , Ege Metal, Istanbul Piston Ring Casings, Denizli Printed...Textile, Gimsan, Teknik Rubber, Ipsan Textile, Turk Cement , Bozuyuk Ceramic, Kampana Leather and Shoesoles Industry, Vestel, Turkish Shipbuilding

  1. Réseaux de microtravail et de production virtuelle en Afrique ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Ces modèles sont également désignés sous le nom d'" externalisation ouverte avec rémunération " (paid crowdsourcing). À titre d'exemple, le site Mechanical Turk d'Amazon permet aux travailleurs de choisir et d'exécuter des tâches simples en ligne, d'en rendre compte directement au moyen d'une plateforme en ligne et ...

  2. Self-presentation in scholarly profiles: Characteristics of images and perceptions of professionalism and attractiveness on academic social networking sites

    OpenAIRE

    Tsou, Andrew; Bowman, Timothy D.; Sugimoto, Thomas; Lariviere, Vincent; Sugimoto, Cassidy R.

    2016-01-01

    Online self-presentation is of increasing importance in modern life, from establishing and maintaining personal relationships to forging professional identities. Academic scholars are no exception, and a host of social networking platforms designed specifically for scholars abound. This study used Amazon’s Mechanical Turk service to code 10,500 profile pictures used by scholars on three platforms — Mendeley, Microsoft Academic Search, and Google Scholar — in order to determine how academics a...

  3. Adults who Sext: Exploring Differences in Self-Esteem, Moral Foundations, and Personality

    OpenAIRE

    M. Crimmins, Danielle; Kathryn C. Seigfried-Spellar

    2017-01-01

    This study assessed the prevalence of sexting behaviors among adults, and the relationship between sexting and moral foundations, self-esteem, and individual differences. Additionally, this study examined differences in the methods used to send sext messages (mobile applications vs. text messages) and image content (e.g., face, masturbating). Respondents solicited through Amazon’s Mechanical Turk completed the anonymous survey measuring “attitudes toward sexting.” The final sample included 50...

  4. Security Sector Reform: A Case Study Approach to Transition and Capacity Building

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    the heart of the Serbian empire, under the Nemanjic dynasty. The period sees the building of many Serbian Orthodox churches and monasteries. 27...Serbia regains control of Kosovo from the Turks, recognized by the 1913 Treaty of London. 1918 . Kosovo becomes part of the Kingdom of Serbia. 1941...on the UNMIK and OSCE missions, approximately 499 Formed Police Units (FPU) from Pakistan, Romania , Poland, and the Ukraine were a part of the

  5. Optic Nerve Avulsion after Blunt Trauma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hacı Halil Karabulut

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Optic nerve avulsion is an uncommon presentation of ocular trauma with a poor prognosis. It can be seen as complete or partial form due to the form of trauma. We assessed the complete optic nerve avulsion in a 16-year-old female patient complaining of loss of vision in her left eye after a traffic accident. (Turk J Ophthalmol 2014; 44: 249-51

  6. Redditi turchi et potentiarum nobis. New Evidence Concerning on the Crusade against the Ottoman Empire in the Mid Fifteenth Century

    OpenAIRE

    Mercedes López-Mayán

    2017-01-01

    The examination of liturgical codex 56-23 in Toledo Cathedral Library has revealed the existence of an exceptionally rich text, hitherto overlooked by researchers. This document contains an exhaustive assessment of the economic and military capabilities of the Turks and the Christian powers, as well as a description of their strengths and weaknesses in combat. Through the analysis of its contents and its materiality, on the one hand this article associates the circumstances of its origin and ...

  7. Impact of cytomixis on meiosis, pollen viability and pollen size in ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Srinivas

    mother cells of Medicago sativa L.; J. Heredity 94 512–516. Bhat T A, Parveen S and Khan A H 2006 MMS-induced cytomixis in pollen mother cells of broad bean (Vicia faba L.); Turk. J. Bot. 30 273–279. Bione N C P, Pagliarini M S and de Toledo J F F 2000 Meiotic behavior of several Brazilian soybean varieties; Genet.

  8. 10.4274/tjo.42.00821

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esin Tunca Kırıkkaya

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Slowly progressing unilateral proptosis occurred in a male patient with a history of trauma experienced 2 years ago. All the ophthalmological examination, laboratory investigation, and both neurological and hematological evaluations were normal and there was nothing suggestive of coagulopathy. Magnetic resonance (MR imaging revealed retroorbital hematoma. Exploration and evacuation of hematoma revealed dark yellow-colored liquid collection. Histopathological evaluation suggested hematic cyst. (Turk J Oph thal mol 2012; 42: 403-5

  9. Lay Understanding of Forensic Statistics: Evaluation of Random Match Probabilities, Likelihood Ratios, and Verbal Equivalents

    OpenAIRE

    Thompson, WC; Newman, EJ

    2015-01-01

    Forensic scientists have come under increasing pressure to quantify the strength of their evidence, but it is not clear which of several possible formats for presenting quantitative conclusions will be easiest for lay people, such as jurors, to understand. This experiment examined the way that people recruited from Amazon’s Mechanical Turk (n = 541) responded to 2 types of forensic evidence—a DNA comparison and a shoeprint comparison—when an expert explained the strength of this evidence 3 di...

  10. Accelerating customer integration into innovation processes using Pico-Jobs

    OpenAIRE

    Blohm, Ivo;Fähling, Jens;Leimeister, Jan Marco;Krcmar, Helmut;Fischer, Jan

    2014-01-01

    Crowdsourcing marketplaces emerged in the internet and enable the integration of customers in various tasks along the innovation process. Marketplaces such as Amazon?s Mechanical Turk install a member base for third parties, where they can offer small, highly structured paid tasks which can hardly be solved automatically with ICT which we call Pico Jobs. In this paper a new method for systematically utilizing the creative potential of the users of these marketplaces for new product developmen...

  11. Inverse Implantation and Rapid Postoperative Necrosis of Conjunctival Autograft in Pterygium Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murat Küçükevcilioğlu

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available A 72 year-old female underwent surgery for nasal pterygium in the right eye. Conjunctival autograft with Mytomycine-C was performed. In the postoperative period slit lamp examination revealed a pale and avascular appearance of the conjunctival graft. On postoperative fifth day inverse graft implantation and graft necrosis was diagnosed. The graft was removed. We herein discuss the reason and possible preventive measures of this unusual outcome. (Turk J Oph thal mol 2012; 42: 298-9

  12. Transnational Migration, Integration, and Identity:\\ud A Study of Kurdish Diaspora in London

    OpenAIRE

    Ata, Ayar

    2017-01-01

    To understand the Kurdish diaspora in London requires answering two interrelated questions of Kurdish forced migration history and Kurdish cultural identity. Thus, this study firstly examines the history of Kurdish forced migration and displacement, exploring a common historical argument which positions the Kurds as powerless victims of the First World War (WW1). To this end it looks critically at the post-WW1 era and the development of the modern nation state in the Middle East, namely Turke...

  13. Türkiye Türkçesi'nde su ve kullanımı üzerine geleneksel kavramlar

    OpenAIRE

    Esin, A. İlker

    2013-01-01

    The relationship between humans and water has existed since the beginning of human history. The effective ability to use water has caused the development or the decline of many civilizations in history. The ruins found in numerous Turkish settlements, especially in the Anadolu region, have proved the cultural richness of water use among Turks. As a result of this richness, many definitions and terms such as water, water cycle, soil-water-plant relationships and water use have been made. In th...

  14. Profiles in coping: responses to sexual harassment across persons, organizations and cultures

    OpenAIRE

    Cortina, Lilia M.; Wasti, S. Arzu

    2005-01-01

    This study explicates the complexity of sexual harassment coping behavior among 4 diverse samples of working women: (a) working-class Hispanic Americans, (b) working-class Anglo Americans, (c) professional Turks, and (d) professional Anglo Americans. K-means cluster analysis revealed 3 common harassment coping profiles: (a) detached, (b) avoidant negotiating, and (c) support seeking. The authors then tested an integrated framework of coping profile determinants, involving social power, stress...

  15. Culture impacts the magnitude of the emotion-induced memory trade-off effect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gutchess, Angela; Garner, Lauryn; Ligouri, Laura; Konuk, Ayse Isilay; Boduroglu, Aysecan

    2017-10-04

    The present study assessed the extent to which culture impacts the emotion-induced memory trade-off effect. This trade-off effect occurs because emotional items are better remembered than neutral ones, but this advantage comes at the expense of memory for backgrounds such that neutral backgrounds are remembered worse when they occurred with an emotional item than with a neutral one. Cultures differ in their prioritisation of focal object versus contextual background information, with Westerners focusing more on objects and Easterners focusing more on backgrounds. Americans, a Western culture, and Turks, an Eastern-influenced culture, incidentally encoded positive, negative, and neutral items placed against neutral backgrounds, and then completed a surprise memory test with the items and backgrounds tested separately. Results revealed a reduced trade-off for Turks compared to Americans. Although both groups exhibited an emotional enhancement in item memory, Turks did not show a decrement in memory for backgrounds that had been paired with emotional items. These findings complement prior ones showing reductions in trade-off effects as a result of task instructions. Here, we suggest that a contextual-focus at the level of culture can mitigate trade-off effects in emotional memory.

  16. Use of Crowdsourcing to Assess the Ecological Validity of Perceptual-Training Paradigms in Dysarthria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lansford, Kaitlin L; Borrie, Stephanie A; Bystricky, Lukas

    2016-05-01

    It has been documented in laboratory settings that familiarizing listeners with dysarthric speech improves intelligibility of that speech. If these findings can be replicated in real-world settings, the ability to improve communicative function by focusing on communication partners has major implications for extending clinical practice in dysarthria rehabilitation. An important step toward development of a listener-targeted treatment approach requires establishment of its ecological validity. To this end, the present study leveraged the mechanism of crowdsourcing to determine whether perceptual-training benefits achieved by listeners in the laboratory could be elicited in an at-home computer-based scenario. Perceptual-training data (i.e., intelligibility scores from a posttraining transcription task) were collected from listeners in 2 settings-the laboratory and the crowdsourcing website Amazon Mechanical Turk. Consistent with previous findings, results revealed a main effect of training condition (training vs. control) on intelligibility scores. There was, however, no effect of training setting (Mechanical Turk vs. laboratory). Thus, the perceptual benefit achieved via Mechanical Turk was comparable to that achieved in the laboratory. This study provides evidence regarding the ecological validity of perceptual-training paradigms designed to improve intelligibility of dysarthric speech, thereby supporting their continued advancement as a listener-targeted treatment option.

  17. Horse in the Turkmen Culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tuna BEŞEN DELİCE

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Horses have provided speed and mobility for Turkish people in steppes. Through war capability and skil ls of riding horse they were successful against resident communities in different geographies throughout history and when circumstances became difficult they migrated to convenient land riding horses. They benefited from horse's milk and meat as well as it s power and speed. In feast and festivals they compete with each other using horses, even if they played on horseback. This indicates that horses were how important for Turks in the political, civil, economic, social and cultural fields. Horse was located in the center of the lives of Turks throughout history. Such that, robbing a horse conneted was capital offence as well as rebellion, treason, murder, adultery according to the criminal law of the former Turks. Horse still has not lost its importance in t he present Turkish regions, especially Central Asian geography. Horse is so important for Turkmens that horse figure has taken place in the state coat of arms of Turkmenistan and the last sunday in April is celebrated as a feast in Turkmenistan. Ahal - Teke which is most exclusive horse breed of the word is brought up in Turkmenistan. Horse has also an important place in the vocabulary. In this work, it would be determine horse’s important in social and cultural life of Turkmens as following both language and non - language indicators.

  18. Crowd-sourced assessment of surgical skills in cricothyrotomy procedure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aghdasi, Nava; Bly, Randall; White, Lee W; Hannaford, Blake; Moe, Kris; Lendvay, Thomas S

    2015-06-15

    Objective assessment of surgical skills is resource intensive and requires valuable time of expert surgeons. The goal of this study was to assess the ability of a large group of laypersons using a crowd-sourcing tool to grade a surgical procedure (cricothyrotomy) performed on a simulator. The grading included an assessment of the entire procedure by completing an objective assessment of technical skills survey. Two groups of graders were recruited as follows: (1) Amazon Mechanical Turk users and (2) three expert surgeons from University of Washington Department of Otolaryngology. Graders were presented with a video of participants performing the procedure on the simulator and were asked to grade the video using the objective assessment of technical skills questions. Mechanical Turk users were paid $0.50 for each completed survey. It took 10 h to obtain all responses from 30 Mechanical Turk users for 26 training participants (26 videos/tasks), whereas it took 60 d for three expert surgeons to complete the same 26 tasks. The assessment of surgical performance by a group (n = 30) of laypersons matched the assessment by a group (n = 3) of expert surgeons with a good level of agreement determined by Cronbach alpha coefficient = 0.83. We found crowd sourcing was an efficient, accurate, and inexpensive method for skills assessment with a good level of agreement to experts' grading. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. A campus-wide Wi-Fi service for CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    2016-01-01

    Improvements are coming to CERN’s Wi-Fi service as connectivity is improved in offices, restaurants and meeting rooms.   All Wi-Fi traffic will be routed via central controllers in CERN’s Computer Centre to provide a better managed service. (Image: Veronika McQuade/CERN) The IT department’s Communication Systems group has provided Wi-Fi connectivity at CERN for many years now but with a focus on meeting rooms, auditoriums and informal meeting places such as the restaurants. Although some buildings have Wi-Fi coverage in offices, most do not and CERN’s Wi-Fi service is lagging behind the demand driven by the growing number of tablets, lightweight laptops and other wireless-only devices. Furthermore, the current network infrastructure can’t cope with the many devices in the Main Auditorium during events such as the recent LIGO announcement and it often has difficulty handling the demand at Restaurant 1 during lunchtimes. The wireless access points d...

  20. Anterior gradient protein 3 is associated with less aggressive tumors and better outcome of breast cancer patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Obacz J

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Joanna Obacz,1 Veronika Brychtova,1 Jan Podhorec,1 Pavel Fabian,2 Petr Dobes,1 Borivoj Vojtesek,1 Roman Hrstka1 1Regional Centre for Applied Molecular Oncology (RECAMO, 2Department of Pathology, Masaryk Memorial Cancer Institute, Brno, Czech Republic Abstract: Anterior gradient protein (AGR 3 is a highly related homologue of pro-oncogenic AGR2 and belongs to the family of protein disulfide isomerases. Although AGR3 was found in breast, ovary, prostate, and liver cancer, it remains of yet poorly defined function in tumo-rigenesis. This study aimed to determine AGR3 expression in a cohort of 129 primary breast carcinomas and evaluate the clinical and prognostic significance of AGR3 in these tumors. The immunohistochemical analysis revealed the presence of AGR3 staining to varying degrees in 80% of analyzed specimens. The percentage of AGR3-positive cells significantly correlated with estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor (both P<0.0001 as well as low histological grade (P=0.003, and inversely correlated with the level of Ki-67 expression (P<0.0001. In the whole cohort, AGR3 expression was associated with longer progression-free survival (PFS, whereas AGR3-positive subgroup of low-histological grade tumors showed both significantly longer PFS and overall survival. In conclusion, AGR3 is associated with the level of differentiation, slowly proliferating tumors, and more favorable prognosis of breast cancer patients. Keywords: AGR3, patient survival, protein disulfide isomerase, ER-positive breast cancer, immuno­histochemistry

  1. Kuu kultuurikulgur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Laivüritusest "Punk 2008" Tartus Athena klubis 11. septembril. Briti ansambel Klaxons 6. okt. Tallinnas klubis Hollywood. Moskva laulja Pelageja 5. okt. Tallinna linnahallis ja 7. okt. Jõhvi kontserdimajas. Heategevuskontserdist 14. sept. Tuhalaane kirikumäel (esinevad Tõnis Mägi, Robert Jürjendal, Ain Agan, Andre Maaker, Riho Sibul, Jaak Johanson, Jaak Tuksam jt). Kultuuritehase toetuseks korraldatud kontserdist "Polyymide päev" (esinesid rokkbändid Sõpruse Puiestee, Malena, Pure Mind ja Pilveke). Ooperi "Hullu mehe aias" lavastusest (lavastaja Robert Annus, koreograafia Triin Reemann, dirigent Veronika Portsmuth, lavakujundus ja kostüümide kunstnik Samal Blak Fääri saartelt) 10.-12. septembrini Tallinnas Kultuurikatlas. Kanada ansambli Simple Plan kontserdist 28. okt. Tallinnas klubis Rock Café. Üritustest Viljandi Pärimusmuusika Aidas: 6. sept. esinevad ansambel Paabel+, akordionist Kulno Malva ja DJ Harlet, etendus "Vaterland" 10. sept., Aida muusikud 11. sept., Anu Taul 13. sept. Fernando Stern ja Ethno in Transit 16. septembril. Gruusia ansambli Shin Egari kontsertidest 9. sept. Tartus Genialistide klubis, 10. sept. Estonia kontserdisaalis, 11. sept. Endla teatri küünis Pärnus, 12. sept. Kultuurivaras Kuressaares

  2. Comparison of Online Survey Recruitment Platforms for Hard-to-Reach Pregnant Smoking Populations: Feasibility Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ibarra, Jose Luis; Agas, Jessica Marie; Lee, Melissa; Pan, Julia Lily; Buttenheim, Alison Meredith

    2018-04-16

    Recruiting hard-to-reach populations for health research is challenging. Web-based platforms offer one way to recruit specific samples for research purposes, but little is known about the feasibility of online recruitment and the representativeness and comparability of samples recruited through different Web-based platforms. The objectives of this study were to determine the feasibility of recruiting a hard-to-reach population (pregnant smokers) using 4 different Web-based platforms and to compare participants recruited through each platform. A screener and survey were distributed online through Qualtrics Panel, Soapbox Sample, Reddit, and Amazon Mechanical Turk (mTurk). Descriptive statistics were used to summarize results of each recruitment platform, including eligibility yield, quality yield, income, race, age, and gestational age. Of the 3847 participants screened for eligibility across all 4 Web-based platforms, 535 were eligible and 308 completed the survey. Amazon mTurk yielded the fewest completed responses (n=9), 100% (9/9) of which passed several quality metrics verifying pregnancy and smoking status. Qualtrics Panel yielded 14 completed responses, 86% (12/14) of which passed the quality screening. Soapbox Sample produced 107 completed surveys, 67% (72/107) of which were found to be quality responses. Advertising through Reddit produced the highest completion rate (n=178), but only 29.2% (52/178) of those surveys passed the quality metrics. We found significant differences in eligibility yield, quality yield, age, number of previous pregnancies, age of smoking initiation, current smokers, race, education, and income (Precruited pregnant smokers, results varied in quality, cost, and percentage of complete responses. Moving forward, investigators should pay careful attention to the percentage yield and cost of online recruitment platforms to maximize internal and external validity. ©Jose Luis Ibarra, Jessica Marie Agas, Melissa Lee, Julia Lily Pan, Alison

  3. DEDE KORKUT KİTABI’NDA AĞAÇ KAVRAMININ SEMİYOTİK VE SEMANTİK AÇILIMI / SEMIOTIC AND SEMANTIC ANALYSIS OF TREE CONCEPT IN DEDE KORKUT BOOK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Servet KARÇIĞA

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The study of semiotics and semantics in Linguistic starts with Ferdinand de Saussure in the modern sense. Semiotics, known also as semiology, has the answer to the question how a sign that is present in the mind come into existence in immediate memory. According to this, signs comprise of signifier that is acoustic sound system and of signified that carries the meaning of a concept. In semiotics which is also a subject of sociology some of the signs have conventional features. The figurative usage of signs takes an important place in these conventional features. Semantic, shortly described as a science that analyzes meaning, is one of the most debatable field of Linguistics. What gives rise to this discussion is the thought of meaning changes according to individuals and context. Dede Korkut book is a magic mirror that reflects worldview of Turks with the knowledge it includes. Those who know this book in all its parts will be able to find a lot of information regarding Turkish language, history, mores, belief system, mythology e.t.c. With this aspect, this book functions as a handbook of Ghuzz Turks. Some concepts take place with their figurative features in Dede Korkut and one of them is tree. The concept of tree provides significant clues as to belief system of Ghuzz Turks. Besides, this concept attracts notice since it used in nearly all the field of social life. In this study firstly information about importance and place of Dede Korkut in Turkish Literature will be discussed Later, semiotic and semantic will be analyzed with the aspect of this study. Finally the concept of tree in Dede Korkut will be analyzed with the aspect of semantic and semiotic.

  4. A registry-based follow-up study, comparing the incidence of cardiovascular disease in native Danes and immigrants born in Turkey, Pakistan and the former Yugoslavia: do social inequalities play a role?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreasen Anne H

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background This study compared the incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD and acute myocardial infarction (AMI between native Danes and immigrants born in Turkey, Pakistan and the former Yugoslavia. Furthermore, we examined whether different indicators of socioeconomic status (SES, such as employment, income and housing conditions influenced potential differences. Methods In this registry-based follow-up study individuals were identified in a large database that included individuals from two major regions in Denmark, corresponding to about 60% of the Danish population. Incident cases of CVD and AMI included fatal and non-fatal events and were taken from registries. Using Cox regression models, we estimated incidence rates at 5-year follow-up. Results Immigrant men and women from Turkey and Pakistan had an increased incidence of CVD, compared with native Danish men. In the case of AMI, a similar pattern was observed; however, differences were more pronounced. Pakistanis and Turks with a shorter duration of residence had a lower incidence, compared with those of a longer residence. Generally, no notable differences were observed between former Yugoslavians and native Danes. In men, differences in CVD and AMI were reduced after adjustment for SES, in particular, among Turks regarding CVD. In women, effects were particularly reduced among Yugoslavians in the case of CVD and in Turks in the case of CVD and AMI after adjustment for SES. Conclusions In conclusion, country of birth-related differences in the incidence of CVD and AMI were observed. At least some of the differences that we uncovered were results of a socioeconomic effect. Duration of residence also played a certain role. Future studies should collect and test different indicators of SES in studies of CVD among immigrants.

  5. Perceived ethnic discrimination and depressive symptoms: the buffering effects of ethnic identity, religion and ethnic social network.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ikram, Umar Z; Snijder, Marieke B; de Wit, Matty A S; Schene, Aart H; Stronks, Karien; Kunst, Anton E

    2016-05-01

    Perceived ethnic discrimination (PED) is positively associated with depressive symptoms in ethnic minority groups in Western countries. Psychosocial factors may buffer against the health impact of PED, but evidence is lacking from Europe. We assessed whether ethnic identity, religion, and ethnic social network act as buffers in different ethnic minority groups in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Baseline data were used from the HEalthy Living In a Urban Setting study collected from January 2011 to June 2014. The random sample included 2501 South-Asian Surinamese, 2292 African Surinamese, 1877 Ghanaians, 2626 Turks, and 2484 Moroccans aged 18-70 years. Depressive symptoms were assessed using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9. PED was measured with the Everyday Discrimination Scale. Ethnic identity was assessed using the Psychological Acculturation Scale. Practicing religion was determined. Ethnic social network was assessed with the number of same-ethnic friends and amount of leisure time spent with same-ethnic people. PED was positively associated with depressive symptoms in all groups. The association was weaker among (a) those with strong ethnic identity in African Surinamese and Ghanaians, (b) those practicing religion among African Surinamese and Moroccans, (c) those with many same-ethnic friends in South-Asian Surinamese, Ghanaians, and Turks, and (d) those who spend leisure time with same-ethnic people among African Surinamese and Turks. Ethnic identity, religion, and ethnic social network weakened the association between PED and depressive symptoms, but the effects differed by ethnic minority group. These findings suggest that ethnic minority groups employ different resources to cope with PED.

  6. Lessons Learned from Crowdsourcing Complex Engineering Tasks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staffelbach, Matthew; Sempolinski, Peter; Kijewski-Correa, Tracy; Thain, Douglas; Wei, Daniel; Kareem, Ahsan; Madey, Gregory

    2015-01-01

    Crowdsourcing is the practice of obtaining needed ideas, services, or content by requesting contributions from a large group of people. Amazon Mechanical Turk is a web marketplace for crowdsourcing microtasks, such as answering surveys and image tagging. We explored the limits of crowdsourcing by using Mechanical Turk for a more complicated task: analysis and creation of wind simulations. Our investigation examined the feasibility of using crowdsourcing for complex, highly technical tasks. This was done to determine if the benefits of crowdsourcing could be harnessed to accurately and effectively contribute to solving complex real world engineering problems. Of course, untrained crowds cannot be used as a mere substitute for trained expertise. Rather, we sought to understand how crowd workers can be used as a large pool of labor for a preliminary analysis of complex data. We compared the skill of the anonymous crowd workers from Amazon Mechanical Turk with that of civil engineering graduate students, making a first pass at analyzing wind simulation data. For the first phase, we posted analysis questions to Amazon crowd workers and to two groups of civil engineering graduate students. A second phase of our experiment instructed crowd workers and students to create simulations on our Virtual Wind Tunnel website to solve a more complex task. With a sufficiently comprehensive tutorial and compensation similar to typical crowd-sourcing wages, we were able to enlist crowd workers to effectively complete longer, more complex tasks with competence comparable to that of graduate students with more comprehensive, expert-level knowledge. Furthermore, more complex tasks require increased communication with the workers. As tasks become more complex, the employment relationship begins to become more akin to outsourcing than crowdsourcing. Through this investigation, we were able to stretch and explore the limits of crowdsourcing as a tool for solving complex problems.

  7. Self- and other-estimates of multiple abilities in Britain and Turkey: a cross-cultural comparison of subjective ratings of intelligence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furnham, Adrian; Arteche, Adriane; Chamorro-Premuzic, Tomas; Keser, Askin; Swami, Viren

    2009-12-01

    This study is part of a programmatic research effort into the determinants of self-assessed abilities. It examined cross-cultural differences in beliefs about intelligence and self- and other-estimated intelligence in two countries at extreme ends of the European continent. In all, 172 British and 272 Turkish students completed a three-part questionnaire where they estimated their parents', partners' and own multiple intelligences (Gardner (10) and Sternberg (3)). They also completed a measure of the 'big five' personality scales and rated six questions about intelligence. The British sample had more experience with IQ tests than the Turks. The majority of participants in both groups did not believe in sex differences in intelligence but did think there were race differences. They also believed that intelligence was primarily inherited. Participants rated their social and emotional intelligence highly (around one standard deviation above the norm). Results suggested that there were more cultural than sex differences in all the ratings, with various interactions mainly due to the British sample differentiating more between the sexes than the Turks. Males rated their overall, verbal, logical, spatial, creative and practical intelligence higher than females. Turks rated their musical, body-kinesthetic, interpersonal and intrapersonal intelligence as well as existential, naturalistic, emotional, creative, and practical intelligence higher than the British. There was evidence of participants rating their fathers' intelligence on most factors higher than their mothers'. Factor analysis of the ten Gardner intelligences yield two clear factors: cognitive and social intelligence. The first factor was impacted by sex but not culture; it was the other way round for the second factor. Regressions showed that five factors predicted overall estimates: sex (male), age (older), test experience (has done tests), extraversion (strong) and openness (strong). Results are discussed in

  8. A influência dos valores humanos na satisfação do consumidor quando da ocorrência de uma surpresa positiva

    OpenAIRE

    Alfredo Montelongo Flores

    2014-01-01

    A surpresa positiva tem sido citada como um elemento responsável pelos altos níveis da satisfação do consumidor. O objetivo do presente trabalho foi estudar a influência dos valores humanos com a satisfação do consumidor quando da ocorrência de uma surpresa positiva. Para esse fim, foi efetuada uma survey aleatória online via a plataforma de Amazon Mechanichal Turk. A partir disso, foram mensurados os construtos conceituais surpresa, satisfação do consumidor e a tipologia de valores humanos d...

  9. Is My Effort Worth It?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Liu, Fei; Xiao, Bo; Lim, Eric T. K.

    2016-01-01

    experience, there is a paucity of studies that investigate the impact of search features on search outcomes. We therefore draw on Information Foraging Theory (IFT) to disentangle the dual role of search cost in shaping the utility of information search. We also extend the Information Seeking Model...... in which Amazon Mechanical Turk (AMT) participants were recruited and tasked to perform search tasks on custom-made online review websites. By analyzing the behavioral data generated in the experimental process, we discover that search cost reduces the expected search utility while improving the yield...

  10. ORTA ASYA’DAN MEZOPOTAMYA’YA SUMER GÖÇLERİ VE KÜLTÜREL ETKİLERİ

    OpenAIRE

    MANDALOĞLU, Mehmet

    2014-01-01

    Sumerıans are a people came migratory routes Mesopotamia. Their migration is dated to the periods of centuries ago. Region of origin contributed to the development of civilization. There are various opinions about the arrival routes to Mesopotamia. They gain weight around the opinion of the Caspian Sea and Aral Sea. Sumerians developed their own unique writing and language. Language is Ural-Altaic group. Therefore the Central Asian origin are thought to be a people. Turks that they were the S...

  11. International trade and waste and fuel managment issue, 2006

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Agnihotri, Newal (ed.)

    2006-01-15

    The focus of the January-February issue is on international trade and waste and fuel managment. Major articles/reports in this issue include: HLW management in France, by Michel Debes, EDF, France; Breakthroughs from future reactors, by Jacques Bouchard, CEA, France; 'MOX for peace' a reality, by Jean-Pierre Bariteau, AREVA Group, France; Swedish spent fuel and radwaste, by Per H. Grahn and Marie Skogsberg, SKB, Sweden; ENC2005 concluding remarks, by Larry Foulke, 'Nuclear Technology Matters'; Fuel crud formation and behavior, by Charles Turk, Entergy; and, Plant profile: major vote of confidence for NP, by Martti Katka, TVO, Finland.

  12. Heterochromia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berna Başarır

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Heterochromia is a condition of color difference between the two eyes. It is composed by the words heteros (different and chromos (color. It can either be sporadic or benign but also can be an indicator of an eye disease. The abnormal iris can be hypochrome or hyperchrome. It can be congenital or acquired. Some diseases such as Horner syndrome, Fuchs’ heterochromic iridocyclitis, oculodermal melanocytosis, Waardenburg syndrome, unilateral topical use of prostaglandins, siderosis can be an etiological factor of heterochromia. (Turk J Ophthalmol 2014; 44: 68-71

  13. VGI, crowd-sourcing, citizen science and neogeography are not the same!

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Cooper, Antony K

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available StreetMap Real-time traffic monitoring Brown Moses Arab Spring Cyber-bullying Foldit Online Protein Puzzle SETI@Home Amateur astronomer Zooniverse: Planet Hunters Mappiness WideNoise 2nd South African Bird Atlas Project (SABAP2) Household consumption diary...SMS PPGIS ABCD Transparency and accountability Empower communities Brown Moses Virtual land art Cyber-bullying Crisis mapping Arab Spring Neogeography © CSIR 2015 Crowd sourcing ≠ CiTurk Wikipedia Brown Moses...

  14. Cholestasis and hypercalcemia secondary to panhypopituitarism in a newborn.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dursun, Fatma; Gerenli, Nelgin; Kırmızıbekmez, Heves

    2017-01-01

    Dursun F, Gerenli N, Kırmızıbekmez H. Cholestasis and hypercalcemia secondary to panhypopituitarism in a newborn. Turk J Pediatr 2017; 59: 100-103. Cholestatic hepatitis and hypercalcemia are rare features of hypopituitarism in newborns. So diagnosis of hypopituitarism is frequently delayed. The most frequent symptoms of congenital hypopituitarism are hypoglycemia, prolonged jaundince and micropenis. A patient with congenital hypopituitarism associated with cholestasis and hypercalcemia is reported here. Newborns with hypercalcemia and cholestasis should alert pediatricians to the possibility of congenital hypopituitarism and prompt endocrinological investigation.

  15. Turkey-Kurdish Regional Government Relations After the U.S. Withdrawal From Iraq: Putting the Kurds on the Map?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-03-01

    springboard for Kurdish terrorist attacks into Turkey, and that it might further complicate its relationship with its own Kurdish pop - ulation. Furthermore...will not allow the PKK to prevail in the [KRG] region”26—all music to Ankara’s ears, although it was hardly the first time Turks have heard such...as prime minister. This obliged Ma- liki to sign up to a 15-point list specifically designed to limit his accretion of power, a trend that had already

  16. Causes of Red Eye-Uveitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selçuk Sızmaz

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Uveitis, being an important cause of ocular morbidity, must be taken into consideration in the differential diagnosis and the management of patients with red eye. Uveitis entities can demonstrate variable clinical features. Patients presenting with uveitis must undergo careful systemic evaluation for exact diagnosis and treatment. Studies for standardization of uveitis with variable clinical pictures are emerging. Acute anterior uveitis and panuveitis can cause red eye. The purpose of this current study is to summarize the clinical features and laboratory investigations that could help the differential diagnosis of acute anterior uveitis and panuveitis cases. (Turk J Ophthalmol 2012; 42: Supplement 57-62

  17. Türk Din Mûsikîsinde Ud Sazının Yeri ve Önemi

    OpenAIRE

    KOÇ, Ferdi

    2015-01-01

    As every religion, geography and society, Turks constitute their own religious music while they are living their spiritual life and use music as a tool in order to approach God. In Islam music has been existed firstly with chant of Kur’ân-ı kerim and with the performances of many religious music form such as; Ezan (Call to prayer), Sâlâ, Mevlevî Âyini (Mevlevi Ritual), İlâhi (Divine), Nefes, Kaside (Eulogium), Na‘t, Mirâciye, Şuğul and Tevşih. Oud instrument has been mostly used in such of th...

  18. When private information settles the bill : money and privacy in Google's market for smartphone applications

    OpenAIRE

    Kummer, Michael E.; Schulte, Patrick

    2016-01-01

    We shed light on a money-for-privacy trade-off in the market for smartphone applications ("apps"). Developers offer their apps cheaper in return for greater access to personal information, and consumers choose between lower prices and more privacy. We provide evidence for this pattern using data on 300,000 mobile applications which were obtained from the Android Market in 2012 and 2014. We augmented these data with information from Alexa.com and Amazon Mechanical Turk. Our findings show that ...

  19. Some relationship between G-frames and frames

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehdi Rashidi-Kouchi

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we proved that every g-Riesz basis for Hilbert space $H$ with respect to $K$ by adding a condition is a Riesz basis for Hilbert $B(K$-module $B(H,K$. This is an extension of [A. Askarizadeh,M. A. Dehghan, {em G-frames as special frames}, Turk. J. Math., 35, (2011 1-11]. Also, we derived similar results for g-orthonormal and orthogonal bases. Some relationships between dual frame, dual g-frame and exact frame and exact g-frame are presented too.

  20. Life Stories and Trauma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kongshøj, Inge Lise Lundsgaard; Bohn, Annette; Berntsen, Dorthe

    Research has shown a connection between Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and integration of traumatic experiences into the life story. Furthermore, empirical evidence suggests that life story formation begins in mid to late adolescence. Following these findings, the present study investigated...... whether experiencing trauma in youth was associated with a greater risk to integrate the trauma into the life story compared to adult traumatic exposure. Life stories were collected from 115 participants recruited via Amazon Mechanical Turk. Moreover, participants filled out questionnaires regarding...... often integrate the trauma into their life story? Results will be discussed in relation to theories of development of life stories and of PTSD....

  1. Foundational Tests of the Need-Support Model: A Framework for Bridging Regulatory Focus Theory and Self-Determination Theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leigh Ann Vaughn

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available This dataset includes data from the three studies reported in my paper on Foundational Tests of the Need-Support Model [6]. I collected these data in 2014, 2015, and 2016 from over 2,100 Amazon Mechanical Turk workers in the United States and Canada. The dataset contains the measures described in the paper, as well as participants’ writing about the experiences they brought to mind in these studies. The data are stored on the Open Science Framework, and they could be used for exploratory research, meta-analyses, and research on replication. I also welcome collaborative research involving re-analyses of these data.

  2. Treatment Approach to Small Inadvertent Injury of the Crystalline Lens Anterior Capsule During Iridodialysis Repair Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gökçen Gökçe

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A 22-year-old man presented to our ophthalmology department with photophobia. On ophthalmic examination, iridodialysis secondary to blunt trauma that occurred 5 years ago was diagnosed. During iridodialysis repair surgery, long curved double-armed needle of 10-0 polypropylene suture (PC-9 inserted into the 19 gauge side port turned down inadvertently by its own weight, resulting in crystalline lens anterior capsule perforation. Postoperative clinical observation revealed no lens opacification affecting visual acuity. This case report showed that lens aspiration surgery should be postponed if the capsule injury is small.(Turk J Ophthalmol 2013; 43: 61-3

  3. Study of Ethnic Stereotype of Young Bulgarians

    OpenAIRE

    Z. Ganeva

    2015-01-01

    Ethnic stereotypes and prejudices as terms were examined from the point of view of the social identity theory (Tajfel, 1981). The results from a carried out longitudinal survey of stereotype and prejudices of young people of Bulgarian origin (n=1154; 453 men and 701 women; average age 21.7 years) in 6 time intervals: in 2004, 2006, 2008, 2010, 2012 and 2014, towards the in-group and the representatives of the main ethnic minorities: Turks, Roma and Jews, were presented. Through free associati...

  4. Konya’da tarihi bir yerleşim merkezi: Sille

    OpenAIRE

    Tapur, Tahsin

    2015-01-01

    Sille, that is located in 8 km. northwest of the city centre, draws attention being differentwith geographical structure, culture, manner of life, belief and traditions. Because after Greeks, Orthodox Turks and Seljuk, Muslims and non-Muslims lived here together. Sille, was a developed settlement in aspect of socio-economy and especially for  rade, rug business, pottery, viticulture, stonework and chandler until the first half of the 19th century. However, with the Lausanne Treaty, while the ...

  5. Economic games on the internet: the effect of $1 stakes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ofra Amir

    Full Text Available Online labor markets such as Amazon Mechanical Turk (MTurk offer an unprecedented opportunity to run economic game experiments quickly and inexpensively. Using Mturk, we recruited 756 subjects and examined their behavior in four canonical economic games, with two payoff conditions each: a stakes condition, in which subjects' earnings were based on the outcome of the game (maximum earnings of $1; and a no-stakes condition, in which subjects' earnings are unaffected by the outcome of the game. Our results demonstrate that economic game experiments run on MTurk are comparable to those run in laboratory settings, even when using very low stakes.

  6. Economic games on the internet: the effect of $1 stakes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amir, Ofra; Rand, David G; Gal, Ya'akov Kobi

    2012-01-01

    Online labor markets such as Amazon Mechanical Turk (MTurk) offer an unprecedented opportunity to run economic game experiments quickly and inexpensively. Using Mturk, we recruited 756 subjects and examined their behavior in four canonical economic games, with two payoff conditions each: a stakes condition, in which subjects' earnings were based on the outcome of the game (maximum earnings of $1); and a no-stakes condition, in which subjects' earnings are unaffected by the outcome of the game. Our results demonstrate that economic game experiments run on MTurk are comparable to those run in laboratory settings, even when using very low stakes.

  7. Addition of Olfactory Stimuli Reality for Medical Training Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-11-01

    as the history , of both approaches. This report will also deal with the task of removal of odorants by ventilation or other methods. I will also...didn’t smell right? The history of the so-called "Turk diesel Appendix C -- 72 5% • odor kit" is worth summarizing in this regard. The increasing awareness...IawhigsO th *4 opuimlzati a zoom so M~ Ikea =tWrOAV diedefoca of dieasA.d ofview. do positioning of the teaeL ACtuly We caM notc that in Our first oPW

  8. Negotiating with the artistic signature: From branding to the ‘rebirth’ of the author (1960-2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rocío Aguilar-Nuevo

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The artistic signature is one of the creative elements that has more evolved over the History of Art. Nowadays, it has been developed into an index for artists’ visibility following commercial positioning trends increasingly influential, becoming, therefore, a brand. Our research proposes an unusual vision to this mechanism, to enter the art from an innovative approach through the negotiation of brands (bought-sold artworks defined under branding, which have remarked the rebirth of the author, exemplified by artists such as Andy Warhol, Damien Hirst and Gavin Turk among others.

  9. Identifying Computer-Generated Portraits: The Importance of Training and Incentives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mader, Brandon; Banks, Martin S; Farid, Hany

    2017-09-01

    The past two decades have seen remarkable advances in photo-realistic rendering of everything from inanimate objects to landscapes, animals, and humans. We previously showed that despite these tremendous advances, human observers remain fairly good at distinguishing computer-generated from photographic images. Building on these results, we describe a series of follow-up experiments that reveal how to improve observer performance. Of general interest to anyone performing psychophysical studies on Mechanical Turk or similar platforms, we find that observer performance can be significantly improved with the proper incentives.

  10. Optical Aberrations and Wavefront

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nihat Polat

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The deviation of light to create normal retinal image in the optical system is called aberration. Aberrations are divided two subgroup: low-order aberrations (defocus: spherical and cylindrical refractive errors and high-order aberrations (coma, spherical, trefoil, tetrafoil, quadrifoil, pentafoil, secondary astigmatism. Aberrations increase with aging. Spherical aberrations are compensated by positive corneal and negative lenticular spherical aberrations in youth. Total aberrations are elevated by positive corneal and positive lenticular spherical aberrations in elderly. In this study, we aimed to analyze the basic terms regarding optic aberrations which have gained significance recently. (Turk J Ophthalmol 2014; 44: 306-11

  11. Cebrayil-Büyük Mercanlı Sosyal Hayatından Örnekler: Azerbaycan-Karabağ Bölgesi / Examples of Social Life from Gabriel Province, Large Mardzhanly: Azerbaijan-Karapapakh Region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MUHAMMET KEMALOĞLU

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Öz Cebrayil (Cəbrayıl Rayonu, Azerbaycan'daki merkezi şehirlerinden biridir. 1993'ten bu yana Ermenistan Silahlı Kuvvetleri'nin işgali altındadır. Cebrayil’de ki sayısız abidelerin, mağaraların, kalelerin, ziyaret yerlerinin ve mezarlık kalıntıları varlığı Cebrayil’in geçmişinin ne kadar eski olduğunu göstermeye yetmektedir. Bu eskilik Azerbaycan Türklüğünün varlığının ispatı olup Türk kültürünün devamlılığının da göstergesidir. Bu devamlılıkta Cebrayil’de yoğun olarak yaşayan Terekeme ve Karapapah Türkleri dediğimiz Türk boyu etkisi oldukça fazladır. Cebrayil ili ve özellikle Büyük Mercanlı çevresinde meydana gelen sosyal ve kültürel olayların birçoğunda Terekeme ve Karapapah Türkleri kendi karakteristik özelliklerini yansıtmışlardır. Bu çalışmamızda ise Terekeme ve Karapapah Türklerinin Büyük Mercanlı bölgesindeki sosyal hayatlarından örnekler verilecektir. Abstract Gabriel (Cəbrayıl Rayon is one of the central cities in Azerbaijan. It has been occupied by Armenian Army forces since 1993. The existence of numerous monuments, caves, castles, visiting places and cemetery ruins is enough to indicate how old its past is. This oldness is the proof of Azerbaijan’s Turks and the continuity of the Turkish culture. In this continuity, the effect of Turkish clan that we call Terekeme and Karapapakh Turks living intensively in Gabriel is great. Terekeme and Karapapah Turks have reflected their own characteristics in many of the social and cultural events happening around Gabriel province, especially around Large Mardzhanly. In this study, examples from social lives of Terekeme and Karapapakh Turks in Large Mardzhanly are going to be given.

  12. On the Nature of Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valverde, Sergi; Solé, Ricard V.

    At the attention of scientist, philosophers and layman alike. It was so extraordinary in fact that even today we are fascinated by it and by the no less uncommon people who got involved. The subject of this story was an amazing machine, more precisely an automaton. Known as the Turk, it was a mechanical chess player, made of wood and dressed in a Turkish-like costume (see Fig. 1). It played chess with Napoleon, inspired Charles Babbage and moved the great Edgar Allan Poe to write a critical essay about the nature of the automaton [1].

  13. New Developments in Ocular Surface Squamous Neoplasia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayşe Yağcı

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Ocular surface squamous neoplasia originates from conjunctiva epithelium and covers a broad spectrum of disease ranging from dysplasia to squamous cell carcinoma. Clinical features may vary from case to case. Traditional treatment of excision with no-touch technique combined with adjuvant therapies because of high recurrence rate. Main adjuvant treatments are cryotherapy and chemotherapy. In this review, clinical forms, differential diagnosis, American Joint Committee on Cancer classification and recent approaches to the management of ocular surface squamous dysplasia were described. (Turk J Ophthalmol 2014; 44: Supplement 8-14

  14. Bibliography on Cold Regions Science and Technology. Volume 47, Part 2, 1993

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    charactemsiics vi an immiersed iuhs E.A.. et al. t12 pS4 Sf#S484. engj 47.1274 [ 19 9 3 . p.2 94 -301. eng1 47-3836 Ifainada. Mt. ci at. 199 3 . p 54-62, cog) 47...74. ipx1 47-5070 47.331S Isotope tracing of sulfate trends is Colorado lakes. Turk. Looking hack at the snowstorms of 1984. Ima. M.. Space and time...distrihuted targets in Angular width of the coherent hack ,-scatter ipposititin discrete random medium. Suatchi, S..ci al. [1992. SAR data. Rignot. F. ci a1

  15. KRUH KOT KLJUČNA BESEDA SLOVENSKEGA KULINARIČNEGA TURIZMA

    OpenAIRE

    Kac, Urša

    2016-01-01

    V magistrskem delu Kruh kot ključna beseda slovenskega kulinaričnega turizma z različnimi jezikoslovnimi analizami preučujemo leksem kruh, da bi pokazali, kako pomembno mesto zaseda v slovenskem mentalnem leksikonu. S korpusno analizo v splošnem korpusu Gigafida in turističnem korpusu TURK smo pridobili sopojavnice ter z njimi sestavili seznam najpogostejših prostih in stalnih besednih zvez s sestavinami kruh, krušen in kruhov. Najpogostejše leve sopojavnice leksema kruh so vrstni pridevniki,...

  16. Slavic borrowings in modern Turkish language

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Đinđić Marija

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with Slavic borrowings in standard Turkish language Material for this paper was excerpted from the Dictionary of Turkish Standard Language (TDK Turküe Sozluk. Excerpted data which count just about 100 words were treated within lexical-semantic groups, also with pointing to certain inconsistencies in the lexicographic treatment: some words are not marked as Slavic (e.g. kumpir, som, pogrom; after some lexemes wrong etymon is stated (e.g. kopek and some of them are left without an etymon (e.g. bocuk, gocuk.

  17. A Case with Systemic Sclerosis Following Exposure To Silica and Vibration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aslı Ürkmez

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Systemic sclerosis is an autoimmune disease characterized by inflammatory, vascular and sclerotic changes in the internal organs. Although the etiology is not known with certainty; silica dust, which is one of the environmental risk factors, can lead to scleroderma by some immunological changes. In this case, a mine worker, who worked in a mercury mine during a 15-year period, developed systemic sclerosis due to exposure to chronic silica and vibration, is presented. (Turk J Dermatol 2012; 6: 45-7

  18. Fundus Findings in Dengue Fever: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berna Şahan

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Dengue fever is a flavivirus infection transmitted through infected mosquitoes, and is endemic in Southeast Asia, Central and South America, the Pacific, Africa and the Eastern Mediterranean region. A 41-year-old male patient had visual impairment after travelling to Thailand, which is one of the endemic areas. Cotton wool spots were observed on fundus examination. Fundus fluorescein angiography showed minimal vascular leakage from areas near the cotton wool spots and dot hemorrhages in the macula. Dengue fever should be considered in patients with visual complaints who traveled to endemic areas of dengue fever. (Turk J Ophthalmol 2015; 45: 223-225

  19. XIX. Yüzyılın Sonlarında Kozan Sancağında Müslümanlar ve Gayrimüslimler

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adem Tutar

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available In the late of nineteenth Century, the Kozan Sanjak had connected with Adana province and had been consisted of Sis, Belenköy, Haçin and Kars-ı Zulkadiriye province. In that era, the Muslim Turks, Non-Muslim Armenians and Rum-Orthodoxs had been lived in the Kozan Sanjak. The Muslims and Non-Muslims have been continued their cultures in their religious and social institutions as temple, school and so on. The Muslims and Christians in this province have been lived in a good dialogue in this era as in the past

  20. Leveraging position bias to improve peer recommendation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristina Lerman

    Full Text Available With the advent of social media and peer production, the amount of new online content has grown dramatically. To identify interesting items in the vast stream of new content, providers must rely on peer recommendation to aggregate opinions of their many users. Due to human cognitive biases, the presentation order strongly affects how people allocate attention to the available content. Moreover, we can manipulate attention through the presentation order of items to change the way peer recommendation works. We experimentally evaluate this effect using Amazon Mechanical Turk. We find that different policies for ordering content can steer user attention so as to improve the outcomes of peer recommendation.

  1. Oration ”Ut apertum vobis” of Pope Pius II (10 October 1458, Rome). Edited and translated by Michael v. Cotta-Schönberg. Preliminary edition, 2nd version. With the papal bull “Vocavit nos Pius”. (Orations of Enea Silvio Piccolomini / Pope Pius II; 29) :

    OpenAIRE

    Cotta-Schønberg, Michael

    2015-01-01

    Immediately after his election in August 1458, Pope Pius II began to plan for a crusade against the Turks, a cause he had worked for tirelessly since the Fall of Constantinople. He soon decided that the most effective way would be to summon the European kings and princes to a congress on the matter, to be held in a city in Northern Italy which would be more accessible for the participants from beyond the Alps than the City of Rome. After intense consultations with the cardinals, the pope form...

  2. Tobacco Marketing, E-cigarette Susceptibility, and Perceptions among Adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicksic, Nicole E; Snell, L Morgan; Rudy, Alyssa K; Cobb, Caroline O; Barnes, Andrew J

    2017-09-01

    Understanding the impact of tobacco marketing on e-cigarette (EC) susceptibility and perceptions is essential to inform efforts to mitigate tobacco product burden on public health. Data were collected online in 2016 from 634 conventional cigarette (CC) smokers and 393 non-smokers using a convenience sample from Amazon Mechanical Turk. Logistic regression models, stratified by smoking status and adjusted for socio-demographics, examined the relationship among tobacco advertisements and coupons, EC and CC susceptibility, and EC perceptions. Among non-smokers, increased exposure to tobacco advertising and receiving tobacco coupons was significantly related to measures of EC and CC susceptibility (p marketing reduce EC use by decreasing susceptibility.

  3. Turkey’s Soft Power Assets in Peacekeeping Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-01

    and the term Tu-kiu (Turk) was first used in sixth century A.D. to describe nomadic people who were stretching from China to Black Sea.145 Within...Support Operations.” 168 John C. K. Daly, “Afghanistan: The Turkish Advantage,” accessed on April 6, 2015. http://www.isn.ethz.ch/ Digital -Library...http://www.isn.ethz.ch/ Digital -Library/Articles/Detail/?id=53227&lng=en. Davutoğlu, Ahmet. “Turkey’s Zero-Problems Foreign Policy.” Accessed March 31

  4. Alle radici del dialogo tra curdi e turchi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirella Galletti

    2005-01-01

    No party can contradict the principle of the indivisibility of the state, but the increased dissatisfaction among the business and middle classes concerning the war against the Kurds -it is the main drain on the economy - finally led them to speak out against the present state of affairs. Despite the many difficulties, some Kurds and Turks advanced the possibility of a political resolution of the Kurdish question. They published reports which gained considerable notoriety, arousing a great deal of controversy and criticism.

  5. Self-compassion and physical health: Exploring the roles of perceived stress and health-promoting behaviors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristin J Homan

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Growing evidence indicates that self-compassion is associated with better physical health, but the pathways that mediate this relationship are not well understood. This study tested a serial mediation model that linked self-compassion, perceived stress, health behaviors, and a comprehensive index of physical health. A sample of 176 individuals completed an online survey posted on Amazon’s Mechanical Turk. Self-compassion had an indirect effect on physical health via both mediators and through the sequential pathway, suggesting that taking a kind, accepting and mindful stance toward one’s flaws and failures may have benefits for reducing stress and promoting health behaviors.

  6. دور رسائل النور في استعادة صياغة القرآن للإنسان - The Role of the Risale-i Nur in Remoulding Humanity in Accordance with the Qur’an

    OpenAIRE

    Salihi, İhsan Kasım

    2016-01-01

    The Risale-i Nur is the main religious source for the Nur students. In Nursi’s time; their access to reading and studying the Risale was very important for them while they were deprived from all other religious sources. The Risale-i Nur is the reason behind their high morals and distinguished behavior. Unfortunately, most people became separated from previous generations of Turks and from all sources of Islam due to the removal of the Arabic script and its conversion to Latin. The original Ar...

  7. Fact and fiction: subverting orientalism in Ann Bridge's The dark moment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isil Bas

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available While postcolonial criticism has extensively traced the Western women writers's accounts of the Orient, Ann Bridge's contribution to the genre remained unheard-of. In The Dark Moment she tells the story of the foundation of the Turkish republic after the struggle against Western imperialism, a theme highly controversial for a British diplomat's wife. Moreover, she plays with the conventions and representational strategies of traditional Orientalist narratives inverting each in turn to create an unprejudiced awareness of the historical context and the social and cultural specificities of Turkey and the Turk thereby foregrounding dialogical transculturality over intercultural penetration.

  8. Data Mining Meets HCI: Making Sense of Large Graphs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-01

    demo video of GRAPHITE can be downloaded at http://youtu.be/nZYHazugVNA. Chapter adapted from work appeared at ICDM 2008 [30] 89 6.1 Introduction...which contain either ‘sex’, ‘adult’, or ‘ porno ’ have low goodness prior(0.05). Among 11.8 million web pages containing sexually explicit keywords, we...Essa, G. Turk, and A. Bobick. Graphcut textures: Image and video synthesis using graph cuts. ACM Transactions on Graph- ics, 22(3):277–286, 2003. [89] R

  9. Kidney for sale by live donor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brahams, D

    1989-02-04

    The capacity to consent to bodily harm is explored in relation to the trade in kidneys obtained from impoverished healthy live donors for cash. The British medical profession has unambiguously condemned the practice, but the law in Britain allows a donor to consent to serious injury where the act had some social purpose, recognized by the law as valid. Allegations against the private Humana Hospital Wellington that indigent Turks were brought to Britain to be paid kidney donors, and similar practices elsewhere, are discussed. Questions are raised about the illegality of such contracts in Britain and the possibility of a Parliamentary Act making brokerage and involvement with such cash transactions a criminal offense.

  10. BAYÇİÇEK CEREMONY IN NEVRUZ / NEVRUZDA BAYÇİÇEK MERASİMİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Assoc. Prof. Dr. Cabbar İŞANKUL

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Nevruz has been celebrated since centuries with the characteristics carryingthe marks of Turkish culture and has got a big importance since Nevruz has became acommon cultural connection within Turkish tribes. Turkish nations celebrate this bigbairam with diverse ceremonies. Among Ozbek Turks, Nevruz has been celebrated inan enthusiastic fashion by “bayçiçek ceremony”, which has been about to be forgottenin present-day. In that sense, in this paper we will mention bayçiçek poetries andceremonies, which have an important culturel value.

  11. 2005. aasta arhitektuurivõistlused

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Tulemused: Viljandi Metsakalmistu kabel: I - Andres Lember (Male Arhitektid); Tartu Vabaduse sild: I - Stanislav Shulman, Oleg Samohhin (Peterburi, Transmost); Tartu Mõisavahe kvartali hoonestuskava: I .- Ott Kadarik, Villem Tomiste, Mihkel Tüür (Kosmos); Seewaldi ala planeerimine: I - Jüri Martson, Rasmus Reinolt, Ivo-Martin Veelma (Lokomotiiv); Rotermanni kvartali arhitektuurivõistlus: I - Kosmos; aasta betoonehitis 2004: Ülemiste hotell Tallinnas, Martin Aunin; Lasnamäe Jumalaema kirik: I - Oleg Zhemtshugov (AB Z-Projekt), Nikolai Djatko, Jevgeni Kolomenkin; Pärnu vanalinna ja rannapiirkonna tänavakaubanduse inventari ja jäätmejaamade kujundus: I - Peeter Varrak; Kihnu sadamaala planeerimise ja hoonestamise ideevõistlus: I - Siiri Vallner, Kaire Nõmm, Helina Lass, Anna-Liisa Unt (Kavakava); Narva kolledzhi uus hoone: I - Katrin Koov, S. Vallner (Kavakava) ja Indrek Peil (Head Arhitektid); Randvere algkooli hoone: II - Inga Raukas (Arhitektuuriagentuur); Tartu Toomemäe valgustuse ja arhitektuursete väikevormide ideevõistlus: II - K. Koov ja Heidi Urb (Kabvakava) ning Maarja Kask, Ralf Lõoke, Karli Luik (Salto); Metsakalmistu arhitektide kalmeala: I - M. Kask, R. Lõoke; Skoone bastioni ideevõistlus: I - M. Kask, R. Lõoke, K. Luik (Salto); Mahtra talurahvamuuseum: I -Tomomi Hayashi, Hanno Grossschmidt; parim eramu 2004-2005: metallmaja Tabasalus, Muru & Pere; Tallinna loomaaia läänevärav: I - I. Raukas, Monika Löve, Oliver Soomets; parim puitehitis 2005: Naba lasteaed Pirital, arhitektid Vahur Sova, Lauri Saar, sisearhitekt Mari Tosmin; Pae karjääri revitaliseerimine: III - Veronika Valk, Kerli Raamsalu

  12. Theatre as a Place to Deal With a Family Memory (on the Example of Two Contemporary Czech Performances

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylwia Czachór

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The communist era is one of the most explored topics in Czech art and it is showed from different perspectives. Not a very common way is to present the past by studies on a family memory. However, two of the contemporary performances, share this perspective and show how social and political conditions created the identity of the family. I would like to analyze and compare them, because they use completely different means to talk about the history and the memory and, moreover, they are examples of memory and postmemory. The first, more traditional one which premiered in 2007, is based on a classical Czech drama (written by Milan Uhde about the dilapidated house in which lives authoritarian father, Jewish mother, son dissident, second son collaborator and catatonic daughter. The performance shows them talking about harms they have caused each other in the past, but about which they cannot forget. Through grotesque and black humor theatre presents their attempt to find a solution and restore the family bonds torn by the ambiguities accumulated in the memory. Unlike the first, the second performance (premiered in 2012 is created by the artist (Veronika Švábová who was born at the end of communist era and it is based on her personal history. Through an alternative project she is trying to create a picture of her family using different means of preserving the memory: old photographs, letters, music listened with her grandmother, her own body, recipes handed down from generation to generation… She is using new technologies to shorten the distance to her ancestors, to try to understand the family choices and to build her own identity.

  13. Vulvar cancer: epidemiology, clinical presentation, and management options

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alkatout I

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Ibrahim Alkatout,1 Melanie Schubert,1 Nele Garbrecht,2 Marion Tina Weigel,1 Walter Jonat,1 Christoph Mundhenke,1 Veronika Günther1 1Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, 2Institute for Pathology, University Hospitals Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Kiel, Kiel, Germany Epidemiology: Vulvar cancer can be classified into two groups according to predisposing factors: the first type correlates with a HPV infection and occurs mostly in younger patients. The second group is not HPV associated and occurs often in elderly women without neoplastic epithelial disorders. Histology: Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC is the most common malignant tumor of the vulva (95%. Clinical features: Pruritus is the most common and long-lasting reported symptom of vulvar cancer, followed by vulvar bleeding, discharge, dysuria, and pain. Therapy: The gold standard for even a small invasive carcinoma of the vulva was historically radical vulvectomy with removal of the tumor with a wide margin followed by an en bloc resection of the inguinal and often the pelvic lymph nodes. Currently, a more individualized and less radical treatment is suggested: a radical wide local excision is possible in the case of localized lesions (T1. A sentinel lymph node (SLN biopsy may be performed to reduce wound complications and lymphedema. Prognosis: The survival of patients with vulvar cancer is good when convenient therapy is arranged quickly after initial diagnosis. Inguinal and/or femoral node involvement is the most significant prognostic factor for survival. Keywords: vulvar cancer, HPV infection, radical vulvectomy, groin dissection, sentinel lymph node biopsy, overall survival

  14. Drug-induced parkinsonism: diagnosis and management

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    Blanchet PJ

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Pierre J Blanchet,1–3 Veronika Kivenko1–3 1Department of Stomatology, Faculty of Dental Medicine, University of Montreal, 2Andre-Barbeau Movement Disorders Unit, University of Montreal Hospital Center (CHU Montreal, 3Montreal Mental Health University Institute, Montreal, QC, Canada Abstract: Drug-induced parkinsonism (DIP has been known for >60 years. It is the second leading cause of parkinsonism, but still underdiagnosis is likely to influence reported incidence figures. Since DIP is clinically undistinguishable from Lewy-body Parkinson’s disease, any new case of parkinsonism should prompt the search for an offending antipsychotic, hidden neuroleptic, or nonneuroleptic agent that may produce DIP. DIP is reversible upon drug withdrawal in most cases. There is no consensus regarding the duration of the recovery period to allow motor signs to fully remit in order to confirm the diagnosis of DIP following removal of the causative agent, but a drug-free interval of at least 6 months is generally recommended. Interestingly, up to 30% of DIP cases may show persisting or worsening motor signs beyond 6 months following drug withdrawal or adjustment, due to complex postsynaptic and presynaptic factors that may variably interact to negatively influence nigrostriatal dopamine transmission in a so-called “double-hit” hypothesis. The condition significantly impacts on quality of life and increases the risks of morbidity and mortality. Management is challenging in psychiatric patients and requires a team approach to achieve the best outcome. Keywords: neuroleptic drugs, extrapyramidal side effects, second generation antipsychotics, calcium channel blockers, valproic acid, tetrabenazine 

  15. Temperature and cholera toxin B are factors that influence formation of membrane nanotubes in RT4 and T24 urothelial cancer cell lines

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    Doron Kabaso

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Doron Kabaso1*, Maruša Lokar1*, Veronika Kralj-Iglic2, Peter Veranic3, Aleš Iglic11Laboratory of Biophysics, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, 2Laboratory of Clinical Biophysics, Faculty of Medicine, 3Institute of Cell Biology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia; *These two authors equally share the first authorshipAbstract: The growth of membrane nanotubes is crucial for intercellular communication in both normal development and pathological conditions. Therefore, identifying factors that influence their stability and formation are important for both basic research and in development of potential treatments of pathological states. Here we investigate the effect of cholera toxin B (CTB and temperature on two pathological model systems: urothelial cell line RT4, as a model system of a benign tumor, and urothelial cell line T24, as a model system of a metastatic tumor. In particular, the number of intercellular membrane nanotubes (ICNs; ie, membrane nanotubes that bridge neighboring cells was counted. In comparison with RT4 cells, we reveal a significantly higher number in the density of ICNs in T24 cells not derived from RT4 without treatments (P = 0.005, after 20 minutes at room temperature (P = 0.0007, and following CTB treatment (P = 0.000025. The binding of CTB to GM1–lipid complexes in membrane exvaginations or tips of membrane nanotubes may reduce the positive spontaneous (intrinsic curvature of GM1–lipid complexes, which may lead to lipid mediated attractive interactions between CTB–GM1–lipid complexes, their aggregation and consequent formation of enlarged spherical tips of nanotubes. The binding of CTB to GM1 molecules in the outer membrane leaflet of membrane exvaginations and tips of membrane nanotubes may also increase the area difference between the two leaflets and in this way facilitate the growth of membrane nanotubes.Keywords: cancer cells, membrane nanotubes, cholera toxin

  16. The Self-perception of Text-message Dependency Scale (STDS): Psychometric update based on a United States sample.

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    Liese, Bruce S; Benau, Erik M; Atchley, Paul; Reed, Derek; Becirevic, Amel; Kaplan, Brent

    2018-05-14

    Some have suggested that text messaging is an addictive behavior. However, this characterization is uncertain, partly due to lack of well-validated measures of text messaging attitudes and behaviors. One standard instrument for measuring text messaging attitudes and behaviors is the Self-perception of Text-message Dependency Scale (STDS), though the psychometric properties of this scale have only been examined with a sample of Japanese youth. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the STDS in the United States to determine its utility as a measure of text messaging dependence. We were interested in examining the factor structure and determining the extent to which this scale would correlate with two important outcome measures: motor vehicle accidents (MVAs) and moving violations. We analyzed data from 468 adults (age 18-74; 274 women) recruited via Amazon's Mechanical Turk (mTurk) service. Participants completed the STDS and provided information about their driving-related incidents in the past year. First we performed a confirmatory factor analysis, which supported the instrument's original factor structure. Then we tested the relationship between scores on the STDS and two important variables, MVAs and moving violations. We found that the STDS significantly correlated with both MVAs and moving violations. The present study confirms that the STDS is a potentially useful instrument for studying texting dependence in the United States and with adults of all ages. The instrument may be particularly useful in predicting motor vehicle outcomes.

  17. BALKAN TARİHİ KARŞISINDA YAHYA KEMAL BEYATLI'NIN ŞİİRİ

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    Ramazan TOPDEMİR

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Poets, writers, artists, music lovers, artists, nation, nation, state, and future carry the state makes. Works of national and moral values of society form. Poets of the founders of the national identity, and spiritual architects. Beyatlı Yahya Kemal, the most important is a cornerstone of our identity. Turks in the Balkans to develop and spread of civilization and culture is based on deep slate. Turks in the Balkans, the struggles, victories, defeats, is treated to a wide range of social relations literature. Beyatlı poets of the birth of Yahya Kemal Balkan cities Skopje and the lyrical poems dealt with the moral and material direction. The poet spent his childhood and youth years in Skopje and the Balkans, sorrows, joys, aspirations takes a sensitive manner. Yahya Kemal, established Turkish architecture, with different perspectives on the history of the Balkan cities in Turkey by telling us yesterday, far from the shaft, and spiritual values, recalling the necessity to determine whether we're having our values gives the message. Yahya Kemal Balkan cities, especially focusing on the poetry of the social, cultural, and lyrical themes literature, Balkans brought the rich archive. Yahya Kemal and the Balkans drawing the attention of new generations, our history, our civilization in poetry in a different way to learn by.

  18. Visual Statistical Learning Works after Binding the Temporal Sequences of Shapes and Spatial Positions

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    Osamu Watanabe

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The human visual system can acquire the statistical structures in temporal sequences of object feature changes, such as changes in shape, color, and its combination. Here we investigate whether the statistical learning for spatial position and shape changes operates separately or not. It is known that the visual system processes these two types of information separately; the spatial information is processed in the parietal cortex, whereas object shapes and colors are detected in the temporal pathway, and, after that, we perceive bound information in the two streams. We examined whether the statistical learning operates before or after binding the shape and the spatial information by using the “re-paired triplet” paradigm proposed by Turk-Browne, Isola, Scholl, and Treat (2008. The result showed that observers acquired combined sequences of shape and position changes, but no statistical information in individual sequence was obtained. This finding suggests that the visual statistical learning works after binding the temporal sequences of shapes and spatial structures and would operate in the higher-order visual system; this is consistent with recent ERP (Abla & Okanoya, 2009 and fMRI (Turk-Browne, Scholl, Chun, & Johnson, 2009 studies.

  19. Variations in recruitment yield, costs, speed and participant diversity across Internet platforms in a global study examining the efficacy of an HIV/AIDS and HIV testing animated and live-action video among English- or Spanish-speaking Internet or social media users

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    Winnie Shao

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available For a world-wide, Internet-based study on HIV/AIDS and HIV testing knowledge, we compared the yields, speed and costs of recruitment and participant diversity across free postings on 13 Internet or social media platforms, paid advertising or postings on 3 platforms, and separate free postings and paid advertisements on Facebook. Platforms were compared by study completions (yield, time to completion, completion to enrollment ratios (CERs, and costs/completion; and by participants’ demographic characteristics, HIV testing history, and health literacy levels. Of the 482 English-speaking participants, Amazon Mechanical Turk yielded the most participants, recruited participants at the fastest rate and had the highest CER (0.78 and lowest costs/completion. Of the 335 Spanish-speaking participants, Facebook yielded the most participants and recruited participants at the fastest rate, although Amazon Mechanical Turk had the highest CER (0.72 and lowest costs/completion. Across platforms participants differed substantially according to their demographic characteristics, HIV testing history and health literacy skills. The study results highlight the need for researchers to strongly consider choice of Internet or social media platforms when conducting Internet-based research. Because of the sample specifications and cost restraints of studies, specific Internet/social media or participant selection platforms will be much more effective or appropriate than others.

  20. The Letters of Maximos Planudes to Alexios Philanthropenos and Melchisedek Akropolites: the Problems of Source Studies in the Context of the Politico-Military Situation in Byzantium in the Late 13th C.

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    Pavel I. Lysikov

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available This research work is dedicated to the problem of dating of the Byzantine scholar and monk Maximos Planudes’ letters to the general, pinkernes Alexios Philanthropenos and his companion, monk Melchisedek Akropolites. Our goal is to date these letters on the basis of their content and data from other sources and to reconstruct chronological sequence of their writing. The period of time when Alexios Philanthropenos was in office of dux of Thrakision (1293–1295 during which he conducted some military operations against the Turks of beyliks Germiyan and Menteєe has a special place in the history of the Byzantine-Turkish wars in the early Palaiologan era. At this time the Byzantine state made some of its last successful military efforts in this struggle. By studying this theme the present article makes a contribution to research the Byzantine wars against the Turks and the military art and military organization of the empire in the late 13th century. Following the explicit consideration of some disputed items in dating of Maximos Planudes’ letters to the persons mentioned above (42 letters the author specifies the chronological sequence of their writing and clarifies the stages of the Alexios Philanthropenos’ military activity in Asia Minor. This article also makes a contribution to using of epistolographic data in historical study.

  1. SOME ASPECTS OF THE INTEGRATION OF SYRIAN REFUGEES IN TURKEY

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    Ahmet Bariscil

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Today, Turkey -once a quite uniform country- is home for one of the largest refugees population on Earth. The massive influx of asylum-seekers did not only transform Turkey in terms of ethnic and religious diversity but featured a major challenge and national security issue. After six years of experience as a host country, the Middle Eastern nation is still in the learning phase of a much longer process of amalgamation of ethnic Turks, Kurds and other minorities with Turkish passport and Syrian refugees. In our current paper using a set of diverse sources (analysis, survey, description and fresh news and both quantitative and qualitative approaches, we would like to present a concise governmental policy designed to accommodate better those who are still considered to be special guests of the Turkish nation. This plan has five main steps to be analyzed. Namely, we have to deal with the questions of providing security, material goods, proper education and Turkish language instruction and an opportunity to work and do business. Finally, we would like to underline the fact that the success of this process largely depends on the quality of education of both refugees and Turks in order to better know and accept each other.

  2. Online crowdsourcing for efficient rating of speech: a validation study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McAllister Byun, Tara; Halpin, Peter F; Szeredi, Daniel

    2015-01-01

    Blinded listener ratings are essential for valid assessment of interventions for speech disorders, but collecting these ratings can be time-intensive and costly. This study evaluated the validity of speech ratings obtained through online crowdsourcing, a potentially more efficient approach. 100 words from children with /r/ misarticulation were electronically presented for binary rating by 35 phonetically trained listeners and 205 naïve listeners recruited through the Amazon Mechanical Turk (AMT) crowdsourcing platform. Bootstrapping was used to compare different-sized samples of AMT listeners against a "gold standard" (mode across all trained listeners) and an "industry standard" (mode across bootstrapped samples of three trained listeners). There was strong overall agreement between trained and AMT listeners. The "industry standard" level of performance was matched by bootstrapped samples with n = 9 AMT listeners. These results support the hypothesis that valid ratings of speech data can be obtained in an efficient manner through AMT. Researchers in communication disorders could benefit from increased awareness of this method. Readers will be able to (a) discuss advantages and disadvantages of data collection through the crowdsourcing platform Amazon Mechanical Turk (AMT), (b) describe the results of a validity study comparing samples of AMT listeners versus phonetically trained listeners in a speech-rating task. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. German genes and Turkish traits: ethnicity, infertility, and reproductive politics in Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vanderlinden, Lisa K

    2009-07-01

    This ethnographic study uses the lens of ethnic difference to examine the experience of infertility and the cultural politics of belonging in modern Germany. The data are derived from participant observation and interviews conducted with forty-one ethnic Germans and thirty-three German Turks undergoing biomedical treatment for infertility at a fertility clinic in Berlin (1998-2000). Through their illness narratives, men and women symbolically link their loss of biological parenthood to losses in other life arenas, such as gender identity, social status and cultural acceptance. Results reveal that while both German Turks and ethnic Germans experience disruption and social suffering from their inability to conform to procreative norms, German Turkish sufferers exhibit higher levels of distress, which directly relates to their dual stigma as outsiders in both German Turkish culture and mainstream German culture. The findings suggest that the tensions surrounding individual reproductive practices are reflective of larger national tensions regarding the constitution of the body politic in an increasingly multicultural Germany.

  4. Effects of solar ultraviolet radiation on tropical algal communities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Santas, R.

    1989-01-01

    This study assessed some of the effects of solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation ion coral reef algal assemblages. The first part of the investigation was carried out under controlled laboratory conditions in the coral reef microcosm at the National Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C., while a field counterpart was completed at the Smithsonian Institution's marine station on Grand Turk, Turks and Caicos Islands, in the eastern Caribbean. The study attempted to separate the effects of UV-A from those of UV-B. In the laboratory, algal turf assemblages exposed to simulated solar UV radiation produced 55.1% less biomass than assemblages that were not exposed to UV. Assemblages not exposed to UV were dominated by Ectocarpus rhodochondroides, whereas in the assemblage developing under high UV radiation, Enteromorpha prolifera and eventually Schizothrix calcicola dominated. Lower UV-B irradiances caused a proportional reduction in biomass production and had less pronounced effects on species composition. UV-A did not have any significant effects on either algal turf productivity or community structure. In the field, assemblages exposed to naturally occurring solar UV supported a biomass 40% lower than that of assemblages protected from UV-B exposure. Once again, UV-A did not inhibit algal turf productivity

  5. VARIATIONS IN RECRUITMENT YIELD, COSTS, SPEED AND PARTICIPANT DIVERSITY ACROSS INTERNET PLATFORMS IN A GLOBAL STUDY EXAMINING THE EFFICACY OF AN HIV/AIDS AND HIV TESTING ANIMATED AND LIVE-ACTION VIDEO AMONG ENGLISH- OR SPANISH-SPEAKING INTERNET OR SOCIAL MEDIA USERS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shao, Winnie; Guan, Wentao; Clark, Melissa A; Liu, Tao; Santelices, Claudia; Cortés, Dharma E; Merchant, Roland C

    For a world-wide, Internet-based study on HIV/AIDS and HIV testing knowledge, we compared the yields, speed and costs of recruitment and participant diversity across free postings on 13 Internet or social media platforms, paid advertising or postings on 3 platforms, and separate free postings and paid advertisements on Facebook. Platforms were compared by study completions (yield), time to completion, completion to enrollment ratios (CERs), and costs/ completion; and by participants' demographic characteristics, HIV testing history, and health literacy levels. Of the 482 English-speaking participants, Amazon Mechanical Turk yielded the most participants, recruited participants at the fastest rate and had the highest CER (0.78) and lowest costs / completion. Of the 335 Spanish-speaking participants, Facebook yielded the most participants and recruited participants at the fastest rate, although Amazon Mechanical Turk had the highest CER (0.72) and lowest costs/completion. Across platforms participants differed substantially according to their demographic characteristics, HIV testing history and health literay skills. The study results highlight the need for researchers to strongly consider choice of Internet or social media plaforms when conducting Internet-based research. Because of the sample specifications and cost restraints of studies, specific Internet/ social media or participant selection plaforms will be much more effective or appropriate than others.

  6. Association between Self-Rated Health and the Ethnic Composition of the Residential Environment of Six Ethnic Groups in Amsterdam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Veldhuizen, Eleonore M.; Musterd, Sako; Dijkshoorn, Henriëtte; Kunst, Anton E.

    2015-01-01

    Background: Studies on the association between health and neighborhood ethnic composition yielded inconsistent results, possibly due to methodological limitations. We assessed these associations at different spatial scales and for different measures of ethnic composition. Methods: We obtained health survey data of 4673 respondents of Dutch, Surinamese, Moroccan, Turkish other non-Western and other Western origin. Neighborhood ethnic composition was measured for buffers varying from 50–1000 m. Associations with self-rated health were measured using logistic multilevel regression analysis, with control for socioeconomic position at the individual and area level. Results: Overall ethnic heterogeneity was not related to health for any ethnic group. The presence of other Surinamese was associated with poor self-rated health among Surinamese respondents. The presence of Moroccans or Turks was associated with poor health among some groups. The presence of Dutch was associated with better self-rated health among Surinamese and Turks. In most cases, these associations were stronger at lower spatial scales. We found no other associations. Conclusions: In Amsterdam, self-rated health was not associated with ethnic heterogeneity in general, but may be related to the presence of specific ethnic groups. Policies regarding social and ethnic mixing should pay special attention to the co-residence of groups with problematic interrelations. PMID:26569282

  7. Major dietary patterns in relation to demographic and socio-economic status and food insecurity in two Iranian ethnic groups living in Urmia, Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rezazadeh, Arezoo; Omidvar, Nasrin; Eini-Zinab, Hassan; Ghazi-Tabatabaie, Mahmoud; Majdzadeh, Reza; Ghavamzadeh, Saeid; Nouri-Saeidlou, Sakineh

    2016-12-01

    To identify major dietary patterns and their association with socio-economic status (SES) and food insecurity in two major ethnic groups living in Urmia, north-west Iran. A cross-sectional study. All four geographical zones of Urmia city. Participants (n 723; 427 women and 296 men), aged 20-64 years, from two ethnic groups (445 Azeri Turks and 278 Kurds). Three major dietary patterns were extracted: 'Traditional High SES' (THS), 'Traditional Low SES' (TLS) and 'Transitional'. After adjusting for confounders, the THS pattern was positively associated with education level and negatively associated with moderate or severe food insecurity in Azeri Turks; whereas, among Kurds, it was more common in women and positively associated with age. The TLS pattern was more common among men and negatively associated with educational level and all levels of food insecurity in Azeris; while, among Kurds, it was more common among men, positively associated with being married and negatively associated with household income/capita. The 'Transitional' pattern was positively associated with being employed and negatively associated with age and all levels of food insecurity in Azeris; while, among Kurds, it was more common among men and negatively associated with age, being married and physical activity level. Findings suggest that household SES and food insecurity are associated with detrimental dietary patterns and that this effect may be stronger than cultural and ethnic background. These patterns differ by age and gender. Therefore, such characteristics should be considered in planning and formulating diet-related policies and programmes.

  8. Values and love styles in Turkey and Great Britain: an intercultural and intracultural comparison.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanrı, Çağla; Goodwin, Robin

    2013-01-01

    Little previous research has examined the relationship between values and love styles, and none has done so across cultures or intracultural regions. This research was the first attempt to explore the correlation between individual-level values and love styles, and examined both within- and between-cultural variations in love styles. In this study 224 participants from Turkey and Britain, from urban or rural locations, completed the Portrait Values Questionnaire and the Love Attitudes Scale measure of love styles. Pancultural analyses demonstrated significant correlations between certain value dimensions and love styles. In particular, agape (selfless love) was positively correlated with self-transcendence, ludus (game-playing love) was positively correlated with self-enhancement, and pragma (realistic love) was positively correlated with conservation. The inclusion of location and nationality and their interactions with values in the multiple regression analyses significantly increased the variance explained by values for five of the six love styles. Multivariate analyses indicated that ludus, storge, mania, and pragma were all significantly higher among Turkish respondents; pragma, mania, and agape all higher amongst rural respondents. Eros was highest among rural British respondents; storge, pragma, and agape highest among rural Turks. When these culture effects were explored, conservation significantly mediated the relationship between the groups of more conservative rural Turks (versus other participants) and both pragmatic and storgic love styles. Findings are discussed in the light of disparities in values and relationship styles within cultures, and the need to include both intracultural and intercultural variations in cross cultural research.

  9. TRADITIONAL WOMEN’S APPARELS OF BULGARIA N IMMIGRANTS LIVING IN ESKİŞEHİR

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    Başak BOĞDAY SAYĞILI

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available As part of culture, clothing is a phenomenon which develops with humanity, which is specific to communities, being shap ed according to the ir taste, and reflecting the community’s living conditions and li fe styles . T he Turks who e migrated changed their clothing to adapt to the geo graphical and physical features as well as the living conditions at the places they migrated to, and through being influenced by the people in their region. Bulgaria is one of the countries to which great e migrations from the Ottoman empire took place. Having lived together for many years, the Turks and the Bulgarians were influenced by each other in clothing culture just as in every other field. These migrations , which took place intensively from time to time , are still co ntinuing. This research aims to reveal the traditional women’s apparels of immigrants from Bulgaria living in Eskişehir and the characteristics of their apparel . Historical and review methods were used in the research. From the sources reached using the survey form prepared as data collection tool, apparels reflecting general characteristics of the traditional women’s apparels of the immigrants from Bulgaria livi ng in Eskişehir were examined.

  10. Effects of Temporal Framing on Response to Antismoking Messages: The Mediating Role of Perceived Relevance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Xiaoquan; Peterson, Emily

    2017-01-01

    This study tested the effect of temporal framing on young adult smokers' response to antismoking communication messages. In two studies using largely identical designs, young adult smokers recruited from a large university (n = 52) and Amazon Mechanical Turk (n = 210) were exposed to either no messages or messages featuring different temporal frames. Analysis of the combined data (N = 262) showed that framing the health consequences of smoking in a proximal (vs. distal) time frame led to greater perceived message relevance, less use of heuristic processing, greater use of systematic processing, greater positive affect, and more intense fear. Mediation analysis showed that perceived relevance was a significant mediator of the effect of temporal framing on message processing and emotional responses. In separate analysis of the Amazon Mechanical Turk data, the proximal frame also showed a consistent pattern of stronger impact on behavioral intentions compared to the distal frame, but the difference was only significant on the measure of intending to try to quit. Overall, findings of this study suggest that using proximal (vs. distal) frames may enhance receptivity to antismoking messages among young adult smokers, although the behavioral impact of this framing strategy still awaits further research.

  11. Temporal framing and the hidden-zero effect: rate-dependent outcomes on delay discounting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naudé, Gideon P; Kaplan, Brent A; Reed, Derek D; Henley, Amy J; DiGennaro Reed, Florence D

    2018-05-01

    Recent research suggests that presenting time intervals as units (e.g., days) or as specific dates, can modulate the degree to which humans discount delayed outcomes. Another framing effect involves explicitly stating that choosing a smaller-sooner reward is mutually exclusive to receiving a larger-later reward, thus presenting choices as an extended sequence. In Experiment 1, participants (N = 201) recruited from Amazon Mechanical Turk completed the Monetary Choice Questionnaire in a 2 (delay framing) by 2 (zero framing) design. Regression suggested a main effect of delay, but not zero, framing after accounting for other demographic variables and manipulations. We observed a rate-dependent effect for the date-framing group, such that those with initially steep discounting exhibited greater sensitivity to the manipulation than those with initially shallow discounting. Subsequent analyses suggest these effects cannot be explained by regression to the mean. Experiment 2 addressed the possibility that the null effect of zero framing was due to within-subject exposure to the hidden- and explicit-zero conditions. A new Amazon Mechanical Turk sample completed the Monetary Choice Questionnaire in either hidden- or explicit-zero formats. Analyses revealed a main effect of reward magnitude, but not zero framing, suggesting potential limitations to the generality of the hidden-zero effect. © 2018 Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior.

  12. Detection of Wolbachia pipientis, including a new strain containing the wsp gene, in two sister species of Paraphlebotomus sandflies, potential vectors of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis

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    Parviz Parvizi

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Individual, naturally occurring Phlebotomus mongolensis and Phlebotomus caucasicus from Iran were screened for infections with the maternally inherited intracellular Rickettsia-like bacterium Wolbachia pipientis via targeting a major surface protein gene (wsp. The main objective of this study was to determine if W. pipientis could be detected in these species. The sandflies were screened using polymerase chain reaction to amplify a fragment of the Wolbachia surface protein gene. The obtained sequences were edited and aligned with database sequences to identify W. pipientis haplotypes. Two strains of Wolbachia were found. Strain Turk 54 (accession EU780683 is widespread and has previously been reported in Phlebotomus papatasi and other insects. Strain Turk 07 (accession KC576916 is a novel strain, found for first time in the two sister species. A-group strains of W. pipientis occur throughout much of the habitat of these sandflies. It is possible that Wolbachia is transferred via horizontal transmission. Horizontal transfer could shed light on sandfly control because Wolbachia is believed to drive a deleterious gene into sandflies that reduces their natural population density. With regard to our findings in this study, we can conclude that one species of sandfly can be infected with different Wolbachia strains and that different species of sandflies can be infected with a common strain.

  13. Population Transplant From Adana After Peace Operations Carried Out In Cyprus (1975-1976

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    Erdem ÇANAK

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Ottoman Empire ruled Cyprus between the years 1571-1878, in 1878 with Treaty of Lausanne was officially passed to England temporarily. Greeks who want to take advantage of this situation, gave fresh impetus to activities for“Enosis” . This process which led to the struggle for existence of Turks in the island and has resulted Peace Operation in 1974. However, Turks emigrated to different parts of the world, mainly toTurkey due to the pressure that they are exposed in the period leading up to the Peace Operation. Therefore, after the operation, Turkish control of the labor needed to eliminate the deficit for the processing of the soil and the new government in order to ensure the economic development of the population of Turkey was carried transplant candidates. “Agricultural labor” the province’s population transfer carried out of Adana. In this regard all farmers from Adana, 1.480 men in 531 households, 1.287’s including women 2.767 people were resettled on the island. In this study, after the operation settlement the process with the transplant population of immigrants from Adana has been discussed.

  14. PROVERBS AND SOME OF THE USAGES IN THE EPIC OF KÖROĞLU / ATASÖZLERI VE KÖROĞLU DESTANI’NDA BAZI KULLANIMLARI

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    Mehmet Emin BARS (M.A.H.

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available The epic of Köroğlu is an epical work that left deep influencesall over the Turkish world and over the nations lived together withTurks for long centuries. Even today when taken into consideration ofthe wideness of its narrated and listened geopraphical area, itsimportance from the view of maintaining the cultural integritybetween Turks will be understood much better. Đt is difficult to comeacross such a work like the epic of Köroğlu which maintains itsimportance with a wide performance area, in the lives of other nations.As for proverbs they are the expressions which tell a nation’s standardof judgement. These expressions containing the acquirement of thelife experiences for centuries inform that nation’s thought, yearning,criticism, observation and ideas. They advise people the principles andthe rules aiming to teach the good, the beautiful and the truth. Đn ourwriting the proverbs which take place in Turkoman variant of Köroğluwill be discussed.

  15. Association of perceived ethnic discrimination with general and abdominal obesity in ethnic minority groups: the HELIUS study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmengler, Heiko; Ikram, Umar Z; Snijder, Marieke B; Kunst, Anton E; Agyemang, Charles

    2017-05-01

    Discrimination is associated with obesity, but this may differ according to the type of obesity and ethnic group. This study examines the association of perceived ethnic discrimination (PED) with general and abdominal obesity in 5 ethnic minority groups. We used cross-sectional data from the HELIUS study, collected from 2011 to 2015. The study sample included 2297 Ghanaians, 4110 African Surinamese, 3021 South-Asian Surinamese, 3562 Turks and 3868 Moroccans aged 18-70 years residing in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Body mass index (BMI) was used as a measure for general obesity, and waist circumference (WC) for abdominal obesity. PED was measured using the Everyday Discrimination Scale. We used linear regression models adjusted for sociodemographics, psychosocial stressors and health behaviours. In additional analysis, we used standardised variables to compare the strength of the associations. In adjusted models, PED was significantly, positively associated with BMI in the South-Asian Surinamese (β coefficient 0.338; 95% CI 0.106 to 0.570), African Surinamese (0.394; 0.171 to 0.618) and Turks (0.269; 0.027 to 0.510). For WC, a similar pattern was seen: positive associations in the South-Asian Surinamese (0.759; 0.166 to 1.353), African Surinamese (0.833; 0.278 to 1.388) and Turks (0.870; 0.299 to 1.440). When stratified by sex, we found positive associations in Surinamese women, Turkish men and Moroccan men. The strength of the associations with BMI and WC was comparable in the groups. Among the Ghanaians, no significant associations were observed. Ethnic and sex variations are observed in the association of PED with both general and abdominal obesity. Further research on psychosocial buffers and underlying biological mechanisms might help in understanding these variations. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.

  16. Detection of explosive substances by tomographic inspection using neutron and gamma-ray spectroscopy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Farahmand, M.; Boston, A.J.; Grint, A.N.; Nolan, P.J.; Joyce, M.J.; Mackin, R.O.; D'Mellow, B.; Aspinall, M.; Peyton, A.J.; Silfhout, R. van

    2007-01-01

    In recent years the detection and identification of hazardous materials has become increasingly important. This work discusses research and development of a technique which is capable of detecting and imaging hidden explosives. It is proposed to utilise neutron interrogation of the substances under investigation facilitating the detection of emitted gamma radiation and scattered neutrons. Pulsed fast neutron techniques are attractive because they can be used to determine the concentrations of the light elements (hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen) which can be the primary components of explosive materials. Using segmented High Purity Ge (HPGe) detectors and digital pulse processing [R.J. Cooper, G. Turk, A.J. Boston, H.C. Boston, J.R. Cresswell, A.R. Mather, P.J. Nolan, C.J. Hall, I. Lazarus, J. Simpson, A. Berry, T. Beveridge, J. Gillam, R.A. Lewis, in: Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Position Sensitive Detectors, Nuclear Instruments and Methods A, in press; I. Lazarus, D.E. Appelbe, A. J. Boston, P.J. Coleman-Smith, J.R. Cresswell, M. Descovich, S.A.A. Gros, M. Lauer, J. Norman, C.J. Pearson, V.F.E. Pucknell, J.A. Sampson, G. Turk, J.J. Valiente-Dobon, IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci., 51 (2004) 1353; R.J. Cooper, A.J. Boston, H.C. Boston, J.R. Cresswell, A.N. Grint, A.R. Mather, P.J. Nolan, D.P. Scraggs, G. Turk, C.J. Hall, I. Lazarus, A. Berry, T. Beveridge, J. Gillam, R.A. Lewis, in: Proceedings of the 11th International Symposium on Radiation Measurements and Application, 2006. ] the scatter path of incident photons can be reconstructed to determine the origin of the gamma-rays without the need for mechanical collimation by applying the Compton camera principle [V. Schonfelder, A. Hirner, K. Schneider, Nucl. Instr. and Meth. 107 (1973) 385; R.W. Todd, J.M. Nightingale, D.B. Everett, Nature 251 (1974) 132. ]. In addition, it is proposed to utilise the scattered neutrons which recoil from the materials being assayed, detecting them with a fast

  17. Folk Medicine, Folk Healing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa SEVER

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Folk medicine and folk healing may be defined codified, regulated, taught openly and practised widely, and benefit from thousands of years of experience. On the other hand, it may be highly secretive, mystical and extremely localized, with knowledge of its practices passed on orally. Folk medicine and traditional medical practices emerged as a result of the reactions of primitive men against natural events and their ways of comparing and exchanging the medical practices of relevant communities with their own practices. Magic played an important role in shaping the practices. Folk medicine is the solutions developed by societies against material and moral disorders starting from the mythic period until today. Folk healer, on the other hand, is the wisest and the most respectable person in the society, in terms of materiality and morale. This person has the power of identifying and curing the diseases, disorders, consequently the origin of these diseases and disorders, and the skill of using various drugs for the treatment of the diseases and disorders or applying the practices with the help of information and practices acquired from the tradition. The Turks having rich and deep rooted culture. The Turkısh folk medicine and folk healing that contain rich cultural structure in themselves survive until today by being fed by different sources. Before Islam, the Turks used to believe that there were white and black possessors, ancestors’ spirits (arvaks and their healthy and peaceful life depended on getting on with these spirits. They also believed that diseases were caused when they could no more keep in with possessors and spirits, or when they offended and annoyed them. In such an environment of belief, the visible diseases caused by material reasons were generally cured with products obtained from plants, mines and animals in the region or drugs that were made out of their combinations. On the other hand, in invisible diseases associated with

  18. Validation of the FACSCount AF system for determination of sperm concentration in boar semen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, C.; Christensen, P.; Stryhn, H.

    2002-01-01

    microspheres ( beads). Satisfactory staining can be achieved within 2-3 min and the following flow cytometric analysis on the FACSCount AF System rapidly provides the user with a precise and accurate assessment of the sperm concentration. In this study, the FACSCount AF System and Sperm Counting Reagent ( BD...... Biosciences) was compared with microscopic counting using a Burker-Turk haemocytometer. In addition, sperm concentration was determined using the Corning 254 spectrophotometer which is used routinely by Danish artificial insemination stations for boars. The results show that the agreement between flow...... cytometry and microscopic counting is very high. The slope for the regression line was 1.12 (SE = 0.03) with an estimated intercept with the Y-axis of 22 x 10(6) sperm/ml (SE = 10 x 10(6) sperm/ml) and an estimated error of the model of 10 x 10(6) sperm/ml. For the spectrophotometer, the slope...

  19. Congenital Fibrosis of the Extraocular Muscles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leyla Niyaz

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Congenital fibrosis of the extraocular muscles (CFEOM is a rare disorder characterized by hereditary non-progressive restrictive strabismus and blepharoptosis. Although most of the cases are bilateral and isolated, some patients may have systemic findings. CFEOM is divided into three groups as CFEOM 1, 2, and 3 according to the phenotype. Primary responsible genes are KIF21A for CFEOM type 1 and 3 and PHOX2A/ARIX gene for CFEOM type 2. Studies suggest that abnormal innervation of the extraocular muscles is the cause of muscle fibrosis. Early treatment is important because of the risk of amblyopia. Surgery is the primary treatment option for strabismus and blepharoptosis. (Turk J Ophthalmol 2014; 44: 312-5

  20. Lost in scales: Balkan folk music research and the ottoman legacy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pennanen Risto Pekka

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Balkan folk music researchers have articulated various views on what they have considered Oriental or Turkish musical legacy. The discourses the article analyses are nationalism, Orientalism, Occidentalism and Balkanism. Scholars have handled the awkward Ottoman issue in several manners: They have represented 'Oriental' musical characteristics as domestic, claimed that Ottoman Turks merely imitated Arab and Persian culture, and viewed Indian classical raga scales as sources for Oriental scales in the Balkans. In addition, some scholars have viewed the 'Oriental' characteristics as stemming from ancient Greece. The treatment of the Segâh family of Ottoman makams in theories and analyses reveals several features of folk music research in the Balkans, the most important of which are the use of Western concepts and the exclusive dependence on printed sources. The strategies for handling the Orient within have meandered between Occidentalism and Orientalism, creating an ambiguity which is called Balkanism.

  1. Stuck in Time: Negative Income Shock Constricts the Temporal Window of Valuation Spanning the Future and the Past.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Warren K Bickel

    Full Text Available Insufficient resources are associated with negative consequences including decreased valuation of future reinforcers. To determine if these effects result from scarcity, we examined the consequences of acute, abrupt changes in resource availability on delay discounting-the subjective devaluation of rewards as delay to receipt increases. In the current study, 599 individuals recruited from Amazon Mechanical Turk read a narrative of a sudden change (positive, neutral, or negative to one's hypothetical future income and completed a delay discounting task examining future and past monetary gains and losses. The effects of the explicit zero procedure, a framing manipulation, was also examined. Negative income shock significantly increased discounting rates for gains and loses occurring both in the future and the past. Positive income windfalls significantly decreased discounting to a lesser extent. The framing procedure significantly reduced discounting under all conditions. Negative income shocks may result in short-term choices.

  2. A Comparison of Three Online Recruitment Strategies for Engaging Parents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dworkin, Jodi; Hessel, Heather; Gliske, Kate; Rudi, Jessie H

    2016-10-01

    Family scientists can face the challenge of effectively and efficiently recruiting normative samples of parents and families. Utilizing the Internet to recruit parents is a strategic way to find participants where they already are, enabling researchers to overcome many of the barriers to in-person recruitment. The present study was designed to compare three online recruitment strategies for recruiting parents: e-mail Listservs, Facebook, and Amazon Mechanical Turk (MTurk). Analyses revealed differences in the effectiveness and efficiency of data collection. In particular, MTurk resulted in the most demographically diverse sample, in a short period of time, with little cost. Listservs reached a large number of participants and resulted in a comparatively homogeneous sample. Facebook was not successful in recruiting a general sample of parents. Findings provide information that can help family researchers and practitioners be intentional about recruitment strategies and study design.

  3. Conjunctival Melanocytic Tumors-New Developments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hülya Gökmen Soysal

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Melanocytic lesions of the conjunctiva represent a wide spectrum of tumors that include benign, premalignant, and malignant tumors. There are many ongoing arguments about the definition, classification, and therapeutic options of the conjunctival melanocytic tumors with many different suggestions. Conjunctival nevi are the most common melanocytic tumors and their risk of malignant transformation is less than1%. Primary acquired melanosis (PAM histopathologically includes various types of lesions from increased melanin pigmentation without melanocyte proliferation to melanoma in situ and is accepted as a clinical definition, so that a new classification is recommended which is based on more objective criteria than before. Although conjunctival melanoma is seen rarely, it is associated with a high mortality rate. Management of these tumors mainly involves surgery and adjuvant topical chemotherapy, cryotherapy, and radiation therapy that help improving the survival, however, new options are being investigated related to genetic and molecular researches. (Turk J Ophthalmol 2014; 44: Supplement 15-21

  4. Balanced Cultural Identities Promote Cognitive Flexibility among Immigrant Children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olivia Spiegler

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The acculturation complexity model suggests that immersion into dissonant cultures promotes cognitive skills in biculturals (Tadmor and Tetlock, 2006. In the present study, we examined links between identity acculturation and executive functioning (EF. Turkish-German immigrant origin children (N = 225; M = 11 years, SD = 1.6 years, 99 males were given questions about their identification with Turks and Germans to capture bicultural involvement and a Dot Task (using Hearts and Flowers to measure EF. Results showed that Turkish-German bicultural children who endorse both cultures with equal strength did not have a cognitive advantage in working memory and inhibition compared to their peers who more clearly preferred one culture over the other. However, bicultural children who endorse both cultures with equal strength performed significantly better on a switching task that required cognitive flexibility. The study highlights the potential cognitive benefits associated with biculturalism.

  5. Quantifying the semantics of search behavior before stock market moves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curme, Chester; Preis, Tobias; Stanley, H Eugene; Moat, Helen Susannah

    2014-08-12

    Technology is becoming deeply interwoven into the fabric of society. The Internet has become a central source of information for many people when making day-to-day decisions. Here, we present a method to mine the vast data Internet users create when searching for information online, to identify topics of interest before stock market moves. In an analysis of historic data from 2004 until 2012, we draw on records from the search engine Google and online encyclopedia Wikipedia as well as judgments from the service Amazon Mechanical Turk. We find evidence of links between Internet searches relating to politics or business and subsequent stock market moves. In particular, we find that an increase in search volume for these topics tends to precede stock market falls. We suggest that extensions of these analyses could offer insight into large-scale information flow before a range of real-world events.

  6. Genetics in Ophthalmology III – Posterior Segment Diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Canan Aslı Utine

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Genetic diseases are congenital or acquired hereditary diseases that result from structural/functional disorders of the human genome. Today, the genetic factors that play a role in many diseases are being highlighted with the rapid progress in the field of genetics science. It becomes increasingly important that physicians from all disciplines have knowledge about the basic principles of genetics, patterns of inheritance, etc., so that they can follow the new developments. In genetic eye diseases, ophthalmologists should know the basic clinical and recently rapidly developing genetic characteristics of these diseases in order to properly approach the diagnosis and treatment and to provide genetic counseling. In this paper, posterior segment eye diseases of genetic origin are reviewed, and retinoblastoma, mitochondrial diseases, retinal dysplasia, retinitis pigmentosa, choroideremia, gyrate atrophy, Alström disease, ocular albinism, optic nerve hypoplasia, anophthalmia/microphthalmia and Leber’s congenital amaurosis are covered. (Turk J Ophthalmol 2012; 42: 386-92

  7. The Investigation in Terms of Design Component of Ottoman Women Entari in 19th Century and Early 20th Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saliha AĞAÇ

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to study various entaries belonging to the 19th century and early 20th century in terms of design elements and principles. As result of the studies, it was seen that the X silhouette, the straight line type, vertical line direction, velvet, and silky textures, purple color tones in the base, and golden yellow in the embroidery were mostly used. Symmetric balance and symmetric decoration are observed most and it was determined that there were no principle of motion in entari in general, the point of emphasis was in the embroidery, there was no contrast in line and color elements and all design details were in compliance with each other. This study is deemed significant in terms of attracting attention to and introduction of historical clothing important in protecting cultural heritage, and for exhibiting the refined superior aesthetics of period Ottoman Turks.

  8. Automatic Task Classification via Support Vector Machine and Crowdsourcing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hyungsik Shin

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Automatic task classification is a core part of personal assistant systems that are widely used in mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets. Even though many industry leaders are providing their own personal assistant services, their proprietary internals and implementations are not well known to the public. In this work, we show through real implementation and evaluation that automatic task classification can be implemented for mobile devices by using the support vector machine algorithm and crowdsourcing. To train our task classifier, we collected our training data set via crowdsourcing using the Amazon Mechanical Turk platform. Our classifier can classify a short English sentence into one of the thirty-two predefined tasks that are frequently requested while using personal mobile devices. Evaluation results show high prediction accuracy of our classifier ranging from 82% to 99%. By using large amount of crowdsourced data, we also illustrate the relationship between training data size and the prediction accuracy of our task classifier.

  9. Lepanto, before and after: Between the Republic and the Sublime Porte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Özlem KUMRUlAR

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The loss of Cyprus to the ottoman Turks, hand in hand with the Battle of Lepanto was the major reason of a period of frozen politics and caused the breaking of the traditional peace between Venice and Constantinople. Yet there is a notable difference between the historical and political Conseptualization of these two major episodes. The ottoman state didn’t interpret this catastrophe as the Republic did. As, it could be seen from the bilateral diplomacy carried out by both states, neither the loss of Cyprus, nor the myth-creating Lepanto could change the classical oriental policy of the Serenissima. The case was not different for the Sublime Porte. The aim of this paper is to analyse the post-war politics of these two states and the noteable change in the political polarization in Europe in the milieu of the ottoman-Hapsburg rivalry.

  10. PERCEPTION AND AWARENESS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION FOOD SAFETY FRAMEWORK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emanuele Boselli

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available A survey was conducted on a Turkish Educated Group (TG, European Educated Group (EG and a Turkish Public Group (TPG, to reveal possible differences in the perception and awareness of the EU Food Safety policy. The majority was aware which authority is responsible for food safety at national level but did not clearly understand how to make food complains (mostly made to food companies instead of public institutions. The manufacturer name and price were important for the Turks, the food label for EG. “Food safety” was associated to “quality control” and “healthy life” by the TG and EG groups; however, the TPG understood it as “healthy life” and “food terror”.Individuals with higher education showed a high interest in the food package. Halal certification was highly appreciated by TG and TPG.

  11. Dural Ectasia of the Optic Nerve and Unilateral Proptosis-Two Rare Comorbidities Associated with Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serkan Dağdelen

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available A 24-year-old woman with a recent history of visual abnormality (obscurations had bilateral optic disc swellings, dilatation of the optic nerve sheaths, monocular proptosis, and increased cerebrospinal fluid pressures. She was diagnosed as idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH. IIH can present with both papilledema and dural ectasia although the latter is usually seen as an isolated entity. Various conditions also have been implicated in IIH. However, apart from female sex, recent weight gain and obesity, there are no proven associations. In this case report, we present a case of IHH associated with two different pathologies: dural ectasia of the optic nerve sheaths and monocular proptosis. (Turk J Ophthalmol 2013; 43: 297-300

  12. Intraocular Foreign Body Detected by Gonioscopy in the Anterior Chamber Angle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Özdemir Özdemir

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available 45-year-old male patient was referred to our hospital with suspicion of foreign body in the right eye. It was learned that a metal burr entered his right eye 2 days ago. Best-corrected visual acuity in the right eye was 9/10. Biomicroscopic examination showed a 2-mm fullthickness corneal incision in the lower paracentral cornea. Defect on the iris corresponding to the incision line drew our attention. Seidel test was negative. After dilatation, the anterior lens capsule and fundus examinations were performed and were normal. The presence of intraocular foreign body (IOFB was suspected and it was detected in the lower quadrant of the iridocorneal angle by gonioscopy. Emergency surgery was performed and IOFB was extracted. (Turk J Ophthalmol 2013; 43: 278-81

  13. Toxic Anterior Segment Syndrome (TASS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Özlem Öner

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Toxic anterior segment syndrome (TASS is a sterile intraocular inflammation caused by noninfectious substances, resulting in extensive toxic damage to the intraocular tissues. Possible etiologic factors of TASS include surgical trauma, bacterial endotoxin, intraocular solutions with inappropriate pH and osmolality, preservatives, denatured ophthalmic viscosurgical devices (OVD, inadequate sterilization, cleaning and rinsing of surgical devices, intraocular lenses, polishing and sterilizing compounds which are related to intraocular lenses. The characteristic signs and symptoms such as blurred vision, corneal edema, hypopyon and nonreactive pupil usually occur 24 hours after the cataract surgery. The differential diagnosis of TASS from infectious endophthalmitis is important. The main treatment for TASS formation is prevention. TASS is a cataract surgery complication that is more commonly seen nowadays. In this article, the possible underlying causes as well as treatment and prevention methods of TASS are summarized. (Turk J Oph thal mol 2011; 41: 407-13

  14. Using crowdsourcing to compare temporal, social temporal, and probability discounting among obese and non-obese individuals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bickel, Warren K; George Wilson, A; Franck, Christopher T; Terry Mueller, E; Jarmolowicz, David P; Koffarnus, Mikhail N; Fede, Samantha J

    2014-04-01

    Previous research comparing obese and non-obese samples on the delayed discounting procedure has produced mixed results. The aim of the current study was to clarify these discrepant findings by comparing a variety of temporal discounting measures in a large sample of internet users (n=1163) obtained from a crowdsourcing service, Amazon Mechanical Turk (AMT). Measures of temporal, social-temporal (a combination of standard and social temporal), and probability discounting were obtained. Significant differences were obtained on all discounting measures except probability discounting, but the obtained effect sizes were small. These data suggest that larger-N studies will be more likely to detect differences between obese and non-obese samples, and may afford the opportunity, in future studies, to decompose a large obese sample into different subgroups to examine the effect of other relevant measures, such as the reinforcing value of food, on discounting. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. Crowdsourcing the verification of relationships in biomedical ontologies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mortensen, Jonathan M; Musen, Mark A; Noy, Natalya F

    2013-01-01

    Biomedical ontologies are often large and complex, making ontology development and maintenance a challenge. To address this challenge, scientists use automated techniques to alleviate the difficulty of ontology development. However, for many ontology-engineering tasks, human judgment is still necessary. Microtask crowdsourcing, wherein human workers receive remuneration to complete simple, short tasks, is one method to obtain contributions by humans at a large scale. Previously, we developed and refined an effective method to verify ontology hierarchy using microtask crowdsourcing. In this work, we report on applying this method to find errors in the SNOMED CT CORE subset. By using crowdsourcing via Amazon Mechanical Turk with a Bayesian inference model, we correctly verified 86% of the relations from the CORE subset of SNOMED CT in which Rector and colleagues previously identified errors via manual inspection. Our results demonstrate that an ontology developer could deploy this method in order to audit large-scale ontologies quickly and relatively cheaply.

  16. Using crowdsourcing to examine behavioral economic measures of alcohol value and proportionate alcohol reinforcement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Vanessa; Amlung, Michael; Kaplan, Brent A; Reed, Derek D; Petker, Tashia; MacKillop, James

    2017-08-01

    Online crowdsourcing websites such as Amazon's Mechanical Turk (MTurk) are increasingly being used in addictions research. However, there is a relative paucity of such research examining the validity of administering behavioral economic alcohol-related measures, via an online crowdsourcing platform. This study sought to validate an alcohol purchase task (APT) for assessing demand and a questionnaire measure of proportionate alcohol reinforcement, using an online sample of participants recruited via MTurk. Participants (N = 865, 59% female) were recruited via MTurk to complete the APT, proportionate alcohol reinforcement questionnaire, Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT), and demographics. Responses on the APT were highly systematic (crowdsourcing websites for investigating behavioral economic determinants of alcohol misuse. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved).

  17. Voluntary Control of the Near Reflex: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serpil Akar

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Spasm of the near reflex is a rare disorder that involves intermittent and variable episodes of esotropia, pseudomyopia, and pupillary myosis. It is usually functional in origin and is seen mainly in young patients. Treatment options for spasm of the near reflex have had variable success. In instances where the etiology of spasm of the near reflex was suspected to be hysteria, psychotherapy has proven beneficial. We report the case of an 11-year-old girl who had functional spasm of the near reflex. The symptoms persisted for two years. Symptomatic relief was achieved by cycloplegia and spectacle correction (added plus lenses at near. The patient also underwent psychological counseling. In our case, the functional spasm of the near reflex spontaneously resolved after 2 years. (Turk J Ophthalmol 2014; 44: 161-3

  18. LA TURQUIE AU DEBUT DE CHEMIN 1919 - 1923

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ionuţ COJOCARU

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Decline of the Ottoman Empire has used its last sta ge when World War I until the proclamation of the Republic of Turkey on October 29, 1923. Political and social changes have marked the country into two camps: supporters of the Sultanate and the nationalists led by Mustafa Kemal. Lasting conflict, both the Greeks and the Franco-British nationalists have gained ground and tilted the scales in their favor to end dynasty succeeded Osman. On the morning of November 17, last Sultan and his son ascended the British ship "Malaya" and fled. After the conflict, the Turks were invited to Lausanne where they were presented to winners. From this position they began negotiations. For Romania, the Convention in its final form became beneficial, because our perspective was adopted, and our interest to take the path through the straits has been approved.

  19. Ocular Tuberculosis II: Diagnosis and Treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sumru Önal

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Recent studies on the clinical importance of tuberculin skin tests (TST, interferon-gamma release assays (IGRAs, chest computed tomography (CT and polymerase chain reaction have provided a new approach to diagnosing ocular tuberculosis (TBC. However, both TST and IGRAs cannot distinguish between latent TBC infection and active disease. Another corroborative test in the diagnosis of intraocular TBC is the evaluation of the lungs by either chest radiography or CT. Direct evidence for the diagnosis can be obtained by examination of smears and staining for acid-fast organisms, cultures of intraocular tissue/fluid for Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and nucleic acid amplification analysis. In recent years, guidelines have been suggested for the diagnosis of intraocular TBC. The current treatment of intraocular TBC consists of use of four drugs (isoniazid, rifampicin, ethambutol and pyrazinamide taken for a long period of time (total 9-15 months. (Turk J Ophthalmol 2011; 41: 182-90

  20. Another Risk From Cigarette Smoking: Corneal Burn

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Volkan Hürmeriç

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available A 21-year-old male presented with corneal injury in his left eye after one of his friends had moved his arm backwards and accidentally hit his eye with the lit end of a cigarette. Slit lamp examination revealed epithelial defect and significant stromal edema at the superior temporal quadrant of the cornea. Cigarette ashes were noted in his lashes and inferior conjunctival fornix at the initial examination in the emergency service. 6 weeks after the injury, slit lamp examination revealed stromal thinning and haze in the temporal part of the cornea. His best spectacle-corrected distance visual acuity was 20/25 with a refractive error of -6.75x135 diopters in the left eye. Our case demonstrates that ocular thermal injury due to cigarette smoking can cause serious damage to the ocular tissues. (Turk J Oph thal mol 2012; 42: 484-5

  1. A New Potential Cause in the Development of Toxic Anterior Segment Syndrome: Fibrin Glue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selçuk Sızmaz

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: To present a potential cause for toxic anterior segment syndrome (TASS. Materials and Methods: We report 4 cases of TASS that occurred following uneventful phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation. Results: The 4 cases were the first consecutive 2 cases of 2 different surgery days, 5 months apart. The most prominent sign of TASS was limbus-to-limbus corneal edema. Pain and/or intraocular pressure rise were also common. All surgical and presurgical procedures were checked after the first outbreak, whereas the second outbreak required further investigation. Fibrin glue remnants from preceding pterygium surgery with conjunctival autografting were found to be the potential cause. Despite intensive corticosteroid therapy, corneal edema did not resolve in 2 patients who underwent keratoplasty. Conclusion: TASS is a sight-threatening condition which requires thorough investigation for prevention of new cases. All steps must be carefully revised. (Turk J Ophthalmol 2014; 44: 280-3

  2. Conducting Clinical Research Using Crowdsourced Convenience Samples.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chandler, Jesse; Shapiro, Danielle

    2016-01-01

    Crowdsourcing has had a dramatic impact on the speed and scale at which scientific research can be conducted. Clinical scientists have particularly benefited from readily available research study participants and streamlined recruiting and payment systems afforded by Amazon Mechanical Turk (MTurk), a popular labor market for crowdsourcing workers. MTurk has been used in this capacity for more than five years. The popularity and novelty of the platform have spurred numerous methodological investigations, making it the most studied nonprobability sample available to researchers. This article summarizes what is known about MTurk sample composition and data quality with an emphasis on findings relevant to clinical psychological research. It then addresses methodological issues with using MTurk--many of which are common to other nonprobability samples but unfamiliar to clinical science researchers--and suggests concrete steps to avoid these issues or minimize their impact.

  3. FOUNDING OF THE DISTRICT HOSPITAL IN NIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Misa Zivic

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available After the liberation of Nis from the Turks which took place on January 11th, 1878, there were two military hospitals: one was next to The Skull Tower and the other on the road to Leskovac and there was Islahana the civil institution which was not the forerunner of the district hospital in Nis. At first, they founded the military hospital in Nis in 1878 and then they founded The District Hospital on July 17th in 1881. The first director of the District hospital was Anton Zajicek. He is also the first graduated medical doctor in Nis. The District Hospital was situated on the left bank of the Nisava river in a private house.

  4. The social dilemma of autonomous vehicles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonnefon, Jean-François; Shariff, Azim; Rahwan, Iyad

    2016-06-24

    Autonomous vehicles (AVs) should reduce traffic accidents, but they will sometimes have to choose between two evils, such as running over pedestrians or sacrificing themselves and their passenger to save the pedestrians. Defining the algorithms that will help AVs make these moral decisions is a formidable challenge. We found that participants in six Amazon Mechanical Turk studies approved of utilitarian AVs (that is, AVs that sacrifice their passengers for the greater good) and would like others to buy them, but they would themselves prefer to ride in AVs that protect their passengers at all costs. The study participants disapprove of enforcing utilitarian regulations for AVs and would be less willing to buy such an AV. Accordingly, regulating for utilitarian algorithms may paradoxically increase casualties by postponing the adoption of a safer technology. Copyright © 2016, American Association for the Advancement of Science.

  5. Birth characteristics of Syrian refugees and Turkish citizens in Turkey in 2015.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demirci, Hakan; Yildirim Topak, Nevruz; Ocakoglu, Gokhan; Karakulak Gomleksiz, Mehtap; Ustunyurt, Emin; Ulku Turker, Ayse

    2017-04-01

    To compare the birth characteristics of Syrian refugees with those of Turkish citizens. In a retrospective study, data were obtained for singleton live births that occurred at a hospital in Bursa, Turkey, between June 1 and December 31, 2015. All Syrian refugees were eligible for inclusion; one Turkish citizen was included for each refugee. Overall, 545 Syrian refugees and 545 Turkish citizens were included. Cesarean delivery was undertaken for 176 (32.3%) Syrians and 235 (43.1%) Turks (PSyrian refugees (3110 g, range 540-4790; PSyrian refugees (PSyrians (P=0.014). Cesarean delivery is more common among pregnant Turkish citizens than among Syrian refugees. Other notable differences between the groups were recorded. © 2016 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics.

  6. Validating Bayesian truth serum in large-scale online human experiments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frank, Morgan R; Cebrian, Manuel; Pickard, Galen; Rahwan, Iyad

    2017-01-01

    Bayesian truth serum (BTS) is an exciting new method for improving honesty and information quality in multiple-choice survey, but, despite the method's mathematical reliance on large sample sizes, existing literature about BTS only focuses on small experiments. Combined with the prevalence of online survey platforms, such as Amazon's Mechanical Turk, which facilitate surveys with hundreds or thousands of participants, BTS must be effective in large-scale experiments for BTS to become a readily accepted tool in real-world applications. We demonstrate that BTS quantifiably improves honesty in large-scale online surveys where the "honest" distribution of answers is known in expectation on aggregate. Furthermore, we explore a marketing application where "honest" answers cannot be known, but find that BTS treatment impacts the resulting distributions of answers.

  7. Jerusalem

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-01-01

    This ASTER sub-image was acquired on April 3, 2000 and covers an area of 10.5 x 12 km centered on Jerusalem. The data were processed to create a simulated natural color image, with green vegetation and orange tile roofs. The old city is the lighter blue area in the right center of the image, surrounded by a 400-year-old wall built by the Ottoman Turks. Easily visible are the Dome of the Rock and the Al Aksa Mosque on the eastern side of the old city. Jerusalem is the source of three major religions Judaism, Christianity, and Islam and is considered holy by all three. The image is located at 31.7 degrees north latitude and 35.2 degrees east longitude. The U.S. science team is located at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. The Terra mission is part of NASA's Science Mission Directorate.

  8. A arenga militar feminina na historiografia portuguesa quinhentista

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henriques, Luis Miguel Ferreira

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines how sixteenth century Portuguese historiography adapted a type of discoursethat already had some examples in Roman historiography: the female military harangue. In particular, we identifythe narrative contexts which favour its occurrence, its discursive typology and most recurrent argumentativetopics and their relationship to the previous rhetorical tradition and also to the coeval historical framework.Finally, we also verify the functions that these discourses play in the historical works to which they belong. Theprotagonists of these speeches are the women of Diu, who, in the sieges of 1538 and 1546, helped by work andwords of encouragement, to defeat the attacks of the Turks to that citadel. How the Portuguese were looked atby the "Other" in the elaborate harangue of the queen of Ternate, clear example of the assimilation of militaryrhetoric by the Renaissance Portuguese historians, is considered.

  9. East meets West: Mounted Encounters in Early and High Mediaeval Europe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gassmann Jürg

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available By the Late Middle Ages, mounted troops - cavalry in the form of knights - are established as the dominant battlefield arm in North-Western Europe. This paper considers the development of cavalry after the Germanic Barbarian Successor Kingdoms such as the Visigoths in Spain or the Carolingian Franks emerged from Roman Late Antiquity and their encounters with Islam, as with the Moors in Iberia or the Saracens (Arabs and Turks during the Crusades, since an important part of literature ascribes advances in European horse breeding and horsemanship to Arab influence. Special attention is paid to information about horse types or breeds, conformation, tactics - fighting with lance and bow - and training. Genetic studies and the archaeological record are incorporated to test the literary tradition.

  10. Perceptions of diversity and attitudes of tolerance in the 'fragmented' U.K

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duru, Deniz Neriman; Hanquinet, Laurie; Cesur, Nazli Sila

    2017-01-01

    reveal the role of younger age, diverse networks, higher education, attachment to city/region and supranational identifications in more open attitudes towards diversity. The qualitative findings illustrate how diverse these three groups’ attitudes of tolerance can be and how they are affected...... by their position and status in the U.K. The British’ attitudes show their tolerance can reflect diverse forms of acceptance of ethnic and cultural differences but can also draw lines in terms of civic values opposing ‘those who contribute to society’ versus those who ‘live as parasites’. The Turks are in favour......Relying on a quantitative survey (n = 1497) and semi-structured interviews (n = 30) conducted in the U.K., we explore British nationals’, Romanian and Turkish migrants’ attitudes of tolerance and the factors influencing them in the current socio-political context in the U.K. The quantitative data...

  11. Redditi turchi et potentiarum nobis. New Evidence Concerning on the Crusade against the Ottoman Empire in the Mid Fifteenth Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mercedes López-Mayán

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The examination of liturgical codex 56-23 in Toledo Cathedral Library has revealed the existence of an exceptionally rich text, hitherto overlooked by researchers. This document contains an exhaustive assessment of the economic and military capabilities of the Turks and the Christian powers, as well as a description of their strengths and weaknesses in combat. Through the analysis of its contents and its materiality, on the one hand this article associates the circumstances of its origin and use with the preparations for the crusading project that Pius II organized against the Ottoman Empire in 1458. On the other it contextualizes and interprets this new evidence as one of the numerous crusading treatises that proliferated in humanist Europe after the Ottoman conquest of Constantinople in 1453.

  12. A Retinal Detachment Case with a Delay in Diagnosis Due to Unilateral Lens Coloboma and Bilateral Ectopic Pupil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hüseyin Mayalı

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available A 29-year-old female patient was admitted with the complaint of decreased vision in the left eye for the last 9 months. The visual acuity was 0.4 in the right eye and hand movements in the left eye. Biomicroscopic examination revealed ectopic pupils in both eyes and lens coloboma in the left eye; her right lens was normal. There was total retinal detachment in the left fundus. Optic disc, macula, and peripheral retina were normal in the right eye at her fundus examination. In our case, reduction of vision in the left eye was associated with ectopic pupil at various centers and this situation has led to delay in the diagnosis. Therefore, the importance of careful retinal examination should be kept in mind in cases in which the reduction of vision does not correlate with clinical picture. (Turk J Ophthalmol 2014; 44: 75-7

  13. Seroprevalence of hepatitis E virus differs in Dutch and first generation migrant populations in Amsterdam, the Netherlands: a cross-sectional study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadik, S; van Rijckevorsel, G G C; van Rooijen, M S; Sonder, G J B; Bruisten, S M

    2016-11-08

    In the last decade hepatitis E virus (HEV) is increasingly recognized as a cause of acute viral hepatitis in developed countries. HEV is transmitted via the fecal-oral route. In countries like the Netherlands, HEV infection is suspected to be a zoonosis but HEV may also be introduced by migrants. We studied the seroprevalence of HEV among different migrants, mainly Moroccans and Turks, and compared this to that of the native Dutch population in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Data were obtained from a cross-sectional survey of the adult Amsterdam population performed in 2004; the Amsterdam Health Monitor. A total of 1199 plasma samples were tested for IgG-and IgM antibodies to HEV using the Wantai kit according to instructions of the manufacturer. Basic demographic data (gender, age, country of birth, and age at immigration) were used in the analyses. Hepatitis A virus (HAV) serology data were available from a previous study. The total weighted anti-HEV IgG seroprevalence in the overall Amsterdam population was 26.7 %, based on 1199 samples. In the study population (not-weighted) this HEV seroprevalence was 157/426 (36.9 %) for the Dutch participants and it was 161/257 (62.6 %) for Moroccans, 99/296 (33.4 %) for Turks and 42/220 (19.1 %) for other ethnicities. HEV seroprevalence increased significantly with age. First-generation Moroccan migrants (44.0 %) had a significantly higher weighted HEV seroprevalence than the Dutch participants (29.7 %). In the first generation Turks (20.3 %) and first generation migrants from other countries (16.7 %) this weighted seroprevalence was lower, but this was only significant for the 'other ethnicities'. The median age of migration was significantly higher in the Moroccan and Turkish migrants who were HEV IgG positive versus HEV IgG negative. However, when stratifying for age at time of study, median migration age was only significantly different for HEV sero-status for younger Turks and younger 'other ethnicities'. HEV Ig

  14. Consumers' Patient Portal Preferences and Health Literacy: A Survey Using Crowdsourcing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zide, Mary; Caswell, Kaitlyn; Peterson, Ellen; Aberle, Denise R; Bui, Alex At; Arnold, Corey W

    2016-06-08

    eHealth apps have the potential to meet the information needs of patient populations and improve health literacy rates. However, little work has been done to document perceived usability of portals and health literacy of specific topics. Our aim was to establish a baseline of lung cancer health literacy and perceived portal usability. A survey based on previously validated instruments was used to assess a baseline of patient portal usability and health literacy within the domain of lung cancer. The survey was distributed via Amazon's Mechanical Turk to 500 participants. Our results show differences in preferences and literacy by demographic cohorts, with a trend of chronically ill patients having a more positive reception of patient portals and a higher health literacy rate of lung cancer knowledge (Pportals and higher level of health literacy within the domain of lung cancer.

  15. Legal Responsibility of Doctor Regarding off-label Drug Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erdal Yüzbaşıoğlu

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The use of off-label medication, which has been frequently applied in oncology, also started to be used in ophthalmology recently; thus, the legal problems that the doctors can encounter more often come up to be a topic of discussion. According to the drug administration guidelines released by the Ministry of Health, off-label medication depends on certain conditions, and applications other than these will be accepted as an experiment on humans according to the law No 5237 of the Turkish Criminal Code (TCC. The aim of this study was to clarify this issue in accordance with the justification of TCC/90. (Turk J Ophthalmol 2012; 42: 135-8

  16. European Security in an Evolving World

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-18

    Years’ Crisis, 36.    2 Nobelprize.org website, “The Nobel Peace Price 1937: Robert Cecil,  Biography ,” http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates...help their brethren expel the Turks from Jerusalem .”23                                                          20Steven Erlanger, "France

  17. Chronic and Daily Stressors Along With Negative Affect Interact to Predict Daily Tiredness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartsell, Elizabeth N; Neupert, Shevaun D

    2017-11-01

    The present study examines the within-person relationship of daily stressors and tiredness and whether this depends on daily negative affect and individual differences in chronic stress. One hundred sixteen older adult participants were recruited via Amazon's Mechanical Turk for a 9-day daily diary study. Daily tiredness, daily stressors, and negative affect were measured each day, and chronic stress was measured at baseline. Daily stressors, daily negative affect, and chronic stress interacted to predict daily tiredness. People with high chronic stress who experienced an increase in daily negative affect were the most reactive to daily stressors in terms of experiencing an increase in daily tiredness. We also found that people with low levels of chronic stress were the most reactive to daily stressors when they experienced low levels of daily negative affect. Our results highlight the need for individualized and contextualized approaches to combating daily tiredness in older adults.

  18. Illustrated key for identification of the species included in the genus Leptoglossus (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Coreidae: Coreinae: Anisoscelini), and descriptions of five new species and new synonyms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brailovsky, Harry

    2014-05-05

    Five new species of Leptoglossus are described: L.caicosensis from Turks and Caicos Island, L. egeri and L. impensus from Bolivia, L. franckei from Costa Rica, and L. polychromus from Ecuador, Cooperative Republic of Guiana (British Guiana), and French Guiana. Leptoglossus argentinus Bergroth is synonymized under L. chilensis chilensis (Spinola) and Narnia anaticula Brailovsky & Barrera under Leptoglossus occidentalis Heidemann. Dorsal view drawings and key to the 61 known species and 1 subspecies are included; a complete checklist, and the position of each species within the species-group defined herein, are given except for two species L. macrophylus Stål and L. polychromus sp.nov., that are insertae-sedis. The pronotal disk, hind legs, and male genital capsule of the new species here described are illustrated.

  19. Crowd-sourced assessment of technical skills: an opportunity for improvement in the assessment of laparoscopic surgical skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deal, Shanley B; Lendvay, Thomas S; Haque, Mohamad I; Brand, Timothy; Comstock, Bryan; Warren, Justin; Alseidi, Adnan

    2016-02-01

    Objective, unbiased assessment of surgical skills remains a challenge in surgical education. We sought to evaluate the feasibility and reliability of Crowd-Sourced Assessment of Technical Skills. Seven volunteer general surgery interns were given time for training and then testing, on laparoscopic peg transfer, precision cutting, and intracorporeal knot-tying. Six faculty experts (FEs) and 203 Amazon.com Mechanical Turk crowd workers (CWs) evaluated 21 deidentified video clips using the Global Objective Assessment of Laparoscopic Skills validated rating instrument. Within 19 hours and 15 minutes we received 662 eligible ratings from 203 CWs and 126 ratings from 6 FEs over 10 days. FE video ratings were of borderline internal consistency (Krippendorff's alpha = .55). FE ratings were highly correlated with CW ratings (Pearson's correlation coefficient = .78, P Assessment of Technical Skills as a reliable, basic tool to standardize the evaluation of technical skills in general surgery. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. A CARAMANIAN BOOK, YEÑI HAZNE AND ITS CHARACTERS OF LINGUISTIC (SPELLING AND PHONETIC / KARAMANLICA BIR KITAP YEÑI HAZNE ve DIL ÖZELLIKLERI (IMLÂ ÖZELLIKLERI ve SES BILGISI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hayrullah KAHYA (M.A.H.

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Caramanians were Orthodox Christian in Anatolia.They used to both speak Turkish and use Greek alphabetin their texts. They particularly lived in Anatolia, forinstance; in Karaman, Konya, Kayseri, Isparta, Burdur,Aydın, Black Sea area. In addition, Istanbul, Syria andthe Balkans etc. Although they were Turkish (particularlyPechenek, Kuman Turks, they were managed byByzantion as paid soldiers in Anatolian area in 11.century, espacially in the Toros Mountains and after thattime, they began to adopt Orthodox Christian. Now, Theyhave lived in Greece since the population replacement in1923.In this study, spelling and phonetic of aCaramanian book with the name Yeñi Hazne which wasprinted in Venice in 1756 is examined.

  1. An Uncommon Ocular Finding in Behçet’s Disease: Peripheral Ulcerative Keratitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orhan Ayar

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available A 43-year-old female patient presented to our eye clinic with blurred vision and redness in the right eye for 2 weeks. Biomicroscopic examination revealed peripheral ulcerative keratitis with corneal thinning. After prescribing topical fluorometholon, moxifloxacin, preservative-free artificial tears, and vitamin A ointment, the patient was referred to Rheumatology department. Based on clinical findings and systemic research, the diagnosis of Behçet’s disease was established, and oral systemic azathioprine, hydroxychloroquine, and prednisolone treatment was started. In this study, we presented a case of peripheral ulcerative keratitis, an ocular manifestation uncommonly seen in Behçet’s disease. (Turk J Ophthalmol 2014; 44: 484-5

  2. Serous Macular Detachments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hakan Özdemir

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Serous macular detachment has only recently been recognized to occur in a significant number of eyes with macular pathology including diabetic retinopathy, retinal vein occlusion, Behçet disease, Irvine-Gass syndrome and pars planitis. These serous retinal detachments associated with retinal vascular leakage are not suspected clinically or angiographically but can be diagnosed with optical coherence tomography (OCT beneath the edematous neurosensory retina. The detection of shallow foveal detachment may be helpful in better understanding the pathogenesis of these disorders. In addition, the detection of serous macular detachment may also help to better guide and assess the results of therapy in the future. (Turk J Oph thal mol 2012; 42: 146-9

  3. SELF-REFERENTIALITY AND INTER-REFERENTIALITY IN ROMANIAN CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY (1964–2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARIN CONSTANTIN

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The bibliographic retrospective of the practice of cultural anthropology in Romania is significant for the actuality of a process of changing and renewing the scientific interest and the inquest “field” of Romanian researchers. More precisely, the self-referential or “intra-cultural” knowledge about Romanian communities or groups of population currently appears to be turned into a inter-referential knowledge, with a cross-cultural content. It is through such theoretical and methodological metamorphosis that the study of minority ethno-linguistic communities in Romania takes part to a contextualized understanding of Romanian cultural identities in relation to the groups of Magyars, Germans, Roma, Russian-speaking Lipovans, Turks, Croatians etc. As a result, my text attempts to evaluate the inner dynamics of Romanian cultural anthropology in terms of a critical synthesis of the local specialized literature, in the context of anthropological disciplinary evolution in Central and Southeastern Europe

  4. Leaving home in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Rikke Skovgaard

    2015-01-01

    The paper focuses on ethnic differences in the timing and patterns of leaving the parental home. Leaving home is a key transition in the life course of the individual, and extensive research has been conducted on the timing and patterns of leaving it. However, ethnic differences in these patterns...... of leaving home. Results showed that while some differences disappeared when controlling for covariates, others persisted, thus indicating ethnic differences in home-leaving patterns. A strong link between leaving home and marriage was substantiated for Turks, but not for Somalis. The home-leaving patterns...... of Somalis were much more similar to those of Danes. Overall, Turkish descendants were similar to Turkish immigrants but with some differentiation. The analyses identified the existence of ethnic differences in home-leaving patterns but also found evidence of a shift towards less traditional patterns, i...

  5. Validating Machine Learning Algorithms for Twitter Data Against Established Measures of Suicidality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braithwaite, Scott R; Giraud-Carrier, Christophe; West, Josh; Barnes, Michael D; Hanson, Carl Lee

    2016-05-16

    One of the leading causes of death in the United States (US) is suicide and new methods of assessment are needed to track its risk in real time. Our objective is to validate the use of machine learning algorithms for Twitter data against empirically validated measures of suicidality in the US population. Using a machine learning algorithm, the Twitter feeds of 135 Mechanical Turk (MTurk) participants were compared with validated, self-report measures of suicide risk. Our findings show that people who are at high suicidal risk can be easily differentiated from those who are not by machine learning algorithms, which accurately identify the clinically significant suicidal rate in 92% of cases (sensitivity: 53%, specificity: 97%, positive predictive value: 75%, negative predictive value: 93%). Machine learning algorithms are efficient in differentiating people who are at a suicidal risk from those who are not. Evidence for suicidality can be measured in nonclinical populations using social media data.

  6. Outcomes of Surgery for Posterior Polar Cataract Using Torsional Ultrasound

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selçuk Sızmaz

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The aim of this study is to report outcomes of surgery for posterior polar cataract using torsional ultrasound. Material and Method: Medical records of 26 eyes of 21 consecutive patients with posterior polar cataract who had cataract surgery using the torsional phacoemulsification were evaluated retrospectively. The surgical procedure used, phacoemulsification parameters, intraoperative complications, and postoperative visual outcome were recorded. Results: Of the 26 eyes, 24 (92.3% had small to medium posterior polar opacity. Two eyes had large opacity. All surgeries were performed using the torsional handpiece. Posterior capsule rupture occurred in 4 (15.3% eyes. The mean visual acuity improved significantly after surgery (p<0.001. The postoperative visual acuity was worse than 20/20 in 5 eyes. The cause of the low acuity was amblyopia. Discussion: Successful surgical results and good visual outcome can be achieved with phacoemulsification using the torsional handpiece. (Turk J Ophthalmol 2013; 43: 345-7

  7. Comparing Traditional and Crowdsourcing Methods for Pretesting Survey Questions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jennifer Edgar

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Cognitive interviewing is a common method used to evaluate survey questions. This study compares traditional cognitive interviewing methods with crowdsourcing, or “tapping into the collective intelligence of the public to complete a task.” Crowdsourcing may provide researchers with access to a diverse pool of potential participants in a very timely and cost-efficient way. Exploratory work found that crowdsourcing participants, with self-administered data collection, may be a viable alternative, or addition, to traditional pretesting methods. Using three crowdsourcing designs (TryMyUI, Amazon Mechanical Turk, and Facebook, we compared the participant characteristics, costs, and quantity and quality of data with traditional laboratory-based cognitive interviews. Results suggest that crowdsourcing and self-administered protocols may be a viable way to collect survey pretesting information, as participants were able to complete the tasks and provide useful information; however, complex tasks may require the skills of an interviewer to administer unscripted probes.

  8. Geographic extent and chronology of the invasion of non-native lionfish (Pterois volitans [Linnaeus 1758] and P. miles [Bennett 1828]) in the Western North Atlantic and Caribbean Sea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schofield, Pamela J.

    2009-01-01

    The Indo-Pacific lionfishes (Pterois volitans [Linnaeus 1758] and P. miles [Bennett 1828]: Family Scorpaenidae) are the first non-native marine fishes to establish in the Western North Atlantic. The chronology of the invasion is reported here using records from the US Geological Survey's Nonindigenous Aquatic Species database. Currently, lionfish are established off the Atlantic coast of the USA from the Florida Keys to Cape Hatteras (North Carolina), the Great Antilles, Bermuda, Bahamas, Cayman Islands and Turks and Caicos. The species have been reported from only one island in the Lesser Antilles (St. Croix), but it is not yet established there. Lionfish are established in Mexico, Honduras and Costa Rica. Reports have come from the Gulf of Mexico (Florida), Belize, Panama and Colombia; although lionfish are not considered established in these localities at this time (August 2009), invasion is likely imminent.

  9. An Up-To-Date View at the Etiopathogenesis of Keratoconus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hilmi Or

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The etiology of keratoconus is unknown. Different factors have been shown to play a role in the etiology and pathogenesis. Both genetic and environmental factors are thought to play a role in the formation of the disease. The research studies that have been done so far suggest a multifactorial phenotypic expression. Research studies have been conducted to find the possible genetic factors for keratoconus in various aspects: Analysis of diseases coexisting with keratoconus, gene research, protein and enzyme studies are some of the studies in this direction. Recent research in the pathophysiology of keratoconus on the basis of cell has shown oxidative stress as a cause of ectatic changes. In the etiology apart from genetic factors, hormones and hormonal balances are investigated, as well as chronic trauma (contact lens use and eye rubbing is examined as a possible cause. (Turk J Oph thal mol 2011; 41: 339-47

  10. Ocular Manifestations of Bilateral Ethmoidal Sinus Mucopyocele: Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Özge Saraç

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Mucoceles of the paranasal sinuses are slowly growing, epithelium-lined cystic lesions with sterile content. When the mucocele content becomes infected with a bacterial super-infection, the lesion is defined as mucopyocele. Mucoceles or mucopyoceles are commonly located in the frontal and anterior ethmoidal sinuses and can manifest with ocular signs and symptoms, mostly proptosis. In this report, we demonstrate a case of bilateral ethmoidal mucopyocele in a 53-year-old female who presented with reduced vision, diplopia, and proptosis. Computed tomography (CT scanning of the paranasal sinuses revealed cystic lesions filling the maxillary sinuses and anterior ethmoidal cells bilaterally and causing erosion in the walls of the sinuses. After marsupialization of the mucopyoceles was performed by endoscopic sinus surgery, the symptoms of the patient recovered rapidly. (Turk J Ophthalmol 2011; 41: 354-6

  11. Creole as Drama

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pardue, Derek

    2014-01-01

    population abroad. Theoretically, the article argues that dramatic expressions of identity depend on encounters and are thus significant in spatial terms. This dimension is often lost in conventional analyses of performance. Ethnographically, a drama perspective lends itself well to creole identity...... formations, of which Kriolu is but one, since creole emerged from a set of colonial encounters. Questions of place and belonging continue to be points of challenge for Cape Verdean residents to claim cultural and political recognition in postcolonial Portugal. Finally, the perspective of Kriolu as drama...... provides a greater understanding of identity politics in the “New Europe,” since Cape Verdeans, unlike other immigrant populations, for example, Turks in Germany or Moroccans in France, have never been construed as a complete “other” to Europe. The tension between creole as hybridity and creole...

  12. Comparative Analysis of the Special Talent Exams at School of Physcial Education and Sport of Two Universities in Different Countries: Gazi University and Pekin University Samples

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M i h r i a y MUSA

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to analyze comparatively the students participated in special talent exams made for entering physical education programmes by universities and key criterions of selection in Turkey and China such as School of Pyhsical Education and Sport of Gazi University and Pekin University. The po licies and acceptance conditions of students, schooling goals and conditions, content of the physical fitness - testings, departments, pointing scoring system and national athletes regulation in China is investigated and evaluated by comparing them with Turk ey’s current situation. In this study screening model was used and data of research w ere obtained from web resources and Special Talent Exams Guide. It is pointed out that methods have differences in terms of special talent exams and schooling goals and co nditions between Turkey and China. At the end of the study some suggestions are offered.

  13. Poincaré chaos and unpredictable functions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akhmet, Marat; Fen, Mehmet Onur

    2017-07-01

    The results of this study are continuation of the research of Poincaré chaos initiated in the papers (M. Akhmet and M.O. Fen, Commun Nonlinear Sci Numer Simulat 40 (2016) 1-5; M. Akhmet and M.O. Fen, Turk J Math, doi:10.3906/mat-1603-51, in press). We focus on the construction of an unpredictable function, continuous on the real axis. As auxiliary results, unpredictable orbits for the symbolic dynamics and the logistic map are obtained. By shaping the unpredictable function as well as Poisson function we have performed the first step in the development of the theory of unpredictable solutions for differential and discrete equations. The results are preliminary ones for deep analysis of chaos existence in differential and hybrid systems. Illustrative examples concerning unpredictable solutions of differential equations are provided.

  14. The double-edged sword of genetic accounts of criminality: causal attributions from genetic ascriptions affect legal decision making.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheung, Benjamin Y; Heine, Steven J

    2015-12-01

    Much debate exists surrounding the applicability of genetic information in the courtroom, making the psychological processes underlying how people consider this information important to explore. This article addresses how people think about different kinds of causal explanations in legal decision-making contexts. Three studies involving a total of 600 Mechanical Turk and university participants found that genetic, versus environmental, explanations of criminal behavior lead people to view the applicability of various defense claims differently, perceive the perpetrator's mental state differently, and draw different causal attributions. Moreover, mediation and path analyses highlight the double-edged nature of genetic attributions-they simultaneously reduce people's perception of the perpetrator's sense of control while increasing people's tendencies to attribute the cause to internal factors and to expect the perpetrator to reoffend. These countervailing relations, in turn, predict sentencing in opposite directions, although no overall differences in sentencing or ultimate verdicts were found. © 2015 by the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc.

  15. Profiles in coping: responses to sexual harassment across persons, organizations, and cultures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cortina, Lilia M; Wasti, S Arzu

    2005-01-01

    This study explicates the complexity of sexual harassment coping behavior among 4 diverse samples of working women: (a) working-class Hispanic Americans, (b) working-class Anglo Americans, (c) professional Turks, and (d) professional Anglo Americans. K-means cluster analysis revealed 3 common harassment coping profiles: (a) detached, (b) avoidant negotiating, and (c) support seeking. The authors then tested an integrated framework of coping profile determinants, involving social power, stressor severity, social support, and culture. Analysis of variance, chi-square, and discriminant function results identified significant determinants at each of the 4 levels of this ecological model. These findings underscore the importance of focusing on whole patterns of experience--and considering influences at the level of the individual employee and multiple levels of the surrounding context--when studying how women cope with workplace sexual harassment.

  16. Where Dating Meets Data: Investigating Social and Institutional Privacy Concerns on Tinder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christoph Lutz

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The widespread diffusion of location-based real-time dating or mobile dating apps, such as Tinder and Grindr, is changing dating practices. The affordances of these dating apps differ from those of “old school” dating sites, for example, by privileging picture-based selection, minimizing room for textual self-description, and drawing upon existing Facebook profile data. They might also affect users’ privacy perceptions as these services are location based and often include personal conversations and data. Based on a survey collected via Mechanical Turk, we assess how Tinder users perceive privacy concerns. We find that the users are more concerned about institutional privacy than social privacy. Moreover, different motivations for using Tinder—hooking up, relationship, friendship, travel, self-validation, and entertainment—affect social privacy concerns more strongly than institutional concerns. Finally, loneliness significantly increases users’ social and institutional privacy concerns, while narcissism decreases them.

  17. Mental Health-Related Outcomes of Robin Williams' Death: The Role of Parasocial Relations and Media Exposure in Stigma, Help-Seeking, and Outreach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffner, Cynthia A; Cohen, Elizabeth L

    2017-10-19

    This study explores responses to the death of actor/comedian Robin Williams, focusing on the role of celebrity attachment and exposure to media coverage following his suicide. A total of 350 respondents recruited on Mechanical Turk completed an online survey. Participants who had a stronger parasocial relationship with Williams reported lower social distance from people with depression, greater willingness to seek treatment for depression, and more frequent outreach to other people with depression or suicidal thoughts following his death. Exposure to media coverage of suicide/depression - both informational and stigmatizing - was associated with more frequent outreach to others, but only informational coverage was related to greater willingness to seek treatment. Stigmatizing media exposure was related to greater depression stereotypes. Seeing more media stories celebrating Williams' life and career was associated with reduced depression stigma but also with less willingness to seek treatment for depression and less outreach to others. Implications of the findings for media and mental health are discussed.

  18. Cine club

    CERN Multimedia

    Cine club

    2017-01-01

    Wednesday 19 July 2017 at 20:00 CERN Council Chamber The Adventures of Baron Munchausen Directed by Terry Gilliam UK, 1988, 126 min. The fantastic tale of an 18th century aristocrat, his talented henchmen and a little girl in their efforts to save a town from defeat by the Turks. Being swallowed by a giant sea-monster, a trip to the moon, a dance with Venus and an escape from the Grim Reaper are only some of the improbable adventures. Original version English; French subtitles   Wednesday 26 July 2017 at 20:00 CERN Council Chamber Twelve Monkeys Directed by Terry Gilliam UK, 1995, 129 min. In a future world devastated by disease, a convict is sent back in time to gather information about the man-made virus that wiped out most of the human population on the planet. Original version English; French subtitles

  19. Ethnic differences in five intronic polymorphisms associated with arsenic metabolism within human arsenic (+ 3 oxidation state) methyltransferase (AS3MT) gene

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fujihara, Junko; Fujii, Yoshimi; Agusa, Tetsuro; Kunito, Takashi; Yasuda, Toshihiro; Moritani, Tamami; Takeshita, Haruo

    2009-01-01

    Human arsenic (+ 3 oxidation state) methyltransferase (AS3MT) is known to catalyze the methylation of arsenite, and intronic single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs: G7395A, G12390C, T14215C, T35587C, and G35991A) in the AS3MT gene were shown to be related to inter-individual variation in the arsenic metabolism. In the present study, the genotyping for these SNPs was developed using the polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism technique. Applying this method, the genotype distribution among the Ovambo, Turkish, Mongolian, Korean, and Japanese populations was investigated, and our results were compared with those from other studies. G7395, G12390, T35587, and A35991 were predominant among the five populations in our study. However, a previous study in Argentina, C12390 and G35991 showed the highest allele frequency among the eight populations studied in other studies. The dominant allele of T14215C differed among populations: the T14215 allele was predominant in Argentina, the allele frequency of C14215 was higher than that of T14215 among Turks, Mongolians, Europeans, and American ancestry. In Korea and Japan, similar allele frequencies were observed in T14215 and C14215. Higher allele frequencies were observed in haplotype G7395/G12390/C14215/T35587 with frequencies of 0.40 (Turks), 0.28 (Mongolians), and 0.23 (Koreans). On the other hand, the allele frequency for G7395/G14215/T35587/A35991 was the highest among the Ovambos (0.32), and the frequency for G7395/G12390/C35587/G35991 was the highest among the Japanese (0.27). It is noteworthy that the Japanese haplotype differs from that of the Koreans and Mongolians, which indicates the importance of investigating other intronic polymorphisms in AS3MT, especially in Asians

  20. Professions of Risan population according to 1704 land-registry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radojičić Dragana

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is based on the registrar data on Risan and the surrounding settlements, created in 1704 by the Venetians. The Venetians took over the area in 1684, after the two century rule by the Turks. The registrar contains data on agriculture, fruit and olive growing and milling industry. The registrar includes these settlements: Risan, Orahovac, Krivoshije Gornje and Donje Ledenice, Kostanjice (Risan's and Perast's, Gornje and Donje Uble, Gornji and Donji Morinj and Bunovichi. This registrar provided many more data than what is usual for this type of document. Besides the names of real estate owner, the registrar provides names of the previous owners, the Turks or local (domicile population, who sold the land or whose land was given away to the incomers. Many parcels bear the note as an old ownership. In addition to the land size, there are data on the quality and usage: plough land, uncultivated, untilled, stony, pasture. There are data on planted soil too: wine-grows, figs, olives, chestnuts. Gardens were described separately. In addition to the population basic demography, the registrar provides data on cattle, horses owned by individual families, and whose number is described in this paper. In addition to descriptive data on houses and accompanying buildings, the registrar also describes mills and their state, whether they are damaged or in function as well as threshing-floors. At the end of the registrar, there is a list of owners by places, size and type of cultivated land, wine-growing land and required taxes by individual and settlements.

  1. Crowdsourcing to Evaluate Fundus Photographs for the Presence of Glaucoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xueyang; Mudie, Lucy I; Baskaran, Mani; Cheng, Ching-Yu; Alward, Wallace L; Friedman, David S; Brady, Christopher J

    2017-06-01

    To assess the accuracy of crowdsourcing for grading optic nerve images for glaucoma using Amazon Mechanical Turk before and after training modules. Images (n=60) from 2 large population studies were graded for glaucoma status and vertical cup-to-disc ratio (VCDR). In the baseline trial, users on Amazon Mechanical Turk (Turkers) graded fundus photos for glaucoma and VCDR after reviewing annotated example images. In 2 additional trials, Turkers viewed a 26-slide PowerPoint training or a 10-minute video training and passed a quiz before being permitted to grade the same 60 images. Each image was graded by 10 unique Turkers in all trials. The mode of Turker grades for each image was compared with an adjudicated expert grade to determine accuracy as well as the sensitivity and specificity of Turker grading. In the baseline study, 50% of the images were graded correctly for glaucoma status and the area under the receiver operating characteristic (AUROC) was 0.75 [95% confidence interval (CI), 0.64-0.87]. Post-PowerPoint training, 66.7% of the images were graded correctly with AUROC of 0.86 (95% CI, 0.78-0.95). Finally, Turker grading accuracy was 63.3% with AUROC of 0.89 (95% CI, 0.83-0.96) after video training. Overall, Turker VCDR grades for each image correlated with expert VCDR grades (Bland-Altman plot mean difference=-0.02). Turkers graded 60 fundus images quickly and at low cost, with grading accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity, all improving with brief training. With effective education, crowdsourcing may be an efficient tool to aid in the identification of glaucomatous changes in retinal images.

  2. Microtask crowdsourcing for disease mention annotation in PubMed abstracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Good, Benjamin M; Nanis, Max; Wu, Chunlei; Su, Andrew I

    2015-01-01

    Identifying concepts and relationships in biomedical text enables knowledge to be applied in computational analyses. Many biological natural language processing (BioNLP) projects attempt to address this challenge, but the state of the art still leaves much room for improvement. Progress in BioNLP research depends on large, annotated corpora for evaluating information extraction systems and training machine learning models. Traditionally, such corpora are created by small numbers of expert annotators often working over extended periods of time. Recent studies have shown that workers on microtask crowdsourcing platforms such as Amazon's Mechanical Turk (AMT) can, in aggregate, generate high-quality annotations of biomedical text. Here, we investigated the use of the AMT in capturing disease mentions in PubMed abstracts. We used the NCBI Disease corpus as a gold standard for refining and benchmarking our crowdsourcing protocol. After several iterations, we arrived at a protocol that reproduced the annotations of the 593 documents in the 'training set' of this gold standard with an overall F measure of 0.872 (precision 0.862, recall 0.883). The output can also be tuned to optimize for precision (max = 0.984 when recall = 0.269) or recall (max = 0.980 when precision = 0.436). Each document was completed by 15 workers, and their annotations were merged based on a simple voting method. In total 145 workers combined to complete all 593 documents in the span of 9 days at a cost of $.066 per abstract per worker. The quality of the annotations, as judged with the F measure, increases with the number of workers assigned to each task; however minimal performance gains were observed beyond 8 workers per task. These results add further evidence that microtask crowdsourcing can be a valuable tool for generating well-annotated corpora in BioNLP. Data produced for this analysis are available at http://figshare.com/articles/Disease_Mention_Annotation_with_Mechanical_Turk/1126402.

  3. Menander Protector. History: On the Turkish Embassy to the Persians and Byzantines in 568 A.C. (translation and commentary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olesia Zhdanovich

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article presents annotated translation from ancient Greek into Russian of the book of Menander Protector. In this text Menander Protector describes first the Turkish embassy to the Persians, and then to the Byzantines. The Great Turkic Khanate was the first Steppe empire in history. The relationship between Turkic Khanate and Byzantine Empire began from the middle of 6th century, parallel to the establishment of the Steppe empire. The purpose of the first Turkish embassies to the Byzantines was conclusion of an alliance against the Persians. Since the end of the 4th century Sassanid Empire and Byzantium challenged each other for the territory of Armenia, part of Georgia and the lands of southern Arabia. At the same time the Byzantine Empire’s relationship with the barbarians in the West were problematic. In addition it was going through a difficult economical and political period inside Empire. Another side of antagonism between Persian and Byzantine Empire was silk trade. Persian Empire had a monopoly on it. Byzantine Empire was in dire need of silk and was forced to buy it overpriced. Turks had silk and proposed it to Byzantines at a bargain price. This article contains the view of the problems of relationship between European Byzantine and Asian Nomadic civilizations in terms of Byzantine author. Previously the Russian translation of Menander Protector was done in the middle of the 19th century by Spiridon Destunis. However, his translation was fragmented and unprofessional containing many imprecisions. Our versions have many rectifications and important comments to some elements of Nomadic and Byzantine style of life. This research should help to understand some part of life, customs and diplomacy of ancient Turks.

  4. Transnational Identity in Robyn Rowland’s Australian/Turkish Poems: This Intimate War: Gallipoli/Çanakkale 1915 - İçli Dışlı Bir Savaş: Gelibolu/Çanakkale 1915

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Akca

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available World War I was a cataclysm. Such global carnage, devastation and waste could not but result in international, intranational and individual change. One of the premises upon which war is sustained is the otherness” of the enemy, attributed to various national, ethnic, geographical, social or cultural factors. This presupposes that the opposing force perceives its own identity as different from that of the enemy in some crucial way, sufficient to negate any variety in group affiliations within its own ranks, and to obscure the significance of characteristics held in common with the antagonist. The intensity of the experience of war, the need to validate the sacrifice involved, political imperatives and contingent propaganda all tend to reinforce perceptions of self-identity and “otherness” during the conflict, and in its aftermath. Where war is international, issues of national identity will predominate. During WWI, the Gallipoli Campaign set Allied invaders against Ottoman Turks. Between 1915 and the evacuation of the Allied troops in January 1916, both sides sustained terrible casualties and horrendous loss of life. The history, memories, commemoration and mythologisation of the Anzac troops, from Australia and New Zealand, and of the Turks at Gallipoli were to contribute to the forging of the post-war national identities of their respective countries. However, identity is both a multi-facetted construct and a process in flux, in which the present interacts with the past. Imperatives change, perspectives too. Cultural identity, the sense of belonging to a particular group, may transcend national boundaries; myths may be reworked. A century after the Gallipoli campaign, this paper examines poems from Robyn Rowland’s This Intimate War: Gallipoli/Çanakkale 1915, in the light of the contemporary trend to move away from the mythologizing of the Gallipoli story on a national basis towards a more inclusive transnational approach based on

  5. Posttraumatic stress symptoms and the diathesis-stress model of chronic pain and disability in patients undergoing major surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Andrea L; Halket, Eileen; Asmundson, Gordon J G; Flora, David B; Katz, Joel

    2010-01-01

    To (1) use structural equation modeling (SEM) to examine relationships proposed in Turk's diathesis-stress model of chronic pain and disability as well as (2) investigate what role, if any, posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) play in predicting pain disability, relative to some of the other factors in the model. The study sample consisted of 208 patients scheduled for general surgery, 21 to 60 years of age (mean age=47.18 y, SD=9.72 y), who reported experiencing persistent pain for an average of 5.56 years (SD=7.90 y). At their preadmission hospital visit, patients completed the Anxiety Sensitivity Index, Pain Catastrophizing Scale, Pain Anxiety Symptoms Scale-20, Pain Disability Index, posttraumatic stress disorder Checklist, and rated the average intensity of their pain (0 to 10 numeric rating scale). SEM was used to test a model of chronic pain disability and to explore potential relationships between PTSS and factors in the diathesis-stress model. SEM results provided support for a model in which anxiety sensitivity predicted fear of pain and catastrophizing, fear of pain predicted escape/avoidance, and escape/avoidance predicted pain disability. Results also provided support for a feedback loop between disability and fear of pain. SEM analyses provided preliminary support for the inclusion of PTSS in the diathesis-stress model, with PTSS accounting for a significant proportion of the variance in pain disability. Results provide empirical support for aspects of Turk's diathesis-stress model in a sample of patients with persistent pain. Findings also offer preliminary support for the role of PTSS in fear-avoidance models of chronic pain.

  6. Wide-ranging phylogeographic structure of invasive red lionfish in the Western Atlantic and Greater Caribbean

    Science.gov (United States)

    Butterfield, John S.; Díaz-Ferguson, Edgardo; Silliman, Brian R.; Saunders, Jonathan W.; Buddo, Dayne; Mignucci-Giannoni, Antonio A.; Searle, Linda; Allen, Aarin Conrad; Hunter, Margaret E.

    2015-01-01

    The red lionfish (Pterois volitans) is an invasive predatory marine fish that has rapidly expanded its presence in the Western Hemisphere. We collected 214 invasive red lionfish samples from nine countries and territories, including seven unpublished locations. To more comprehensively evaluate connectivity, we compiled our d-loop sequence data with 846 published sequences, resulting in 1,060 samples from 14 locations. We found low nucleotide diversity (π = 0.003) and moderate haplotype diversity (h = 0.59). Using haplotype population pairwise ΦST tests, we analyzed possible phylogeographic breaks that were previously proposed based on other reef organisms. We found support for the Bahamas/Turks/Caicos versus Caribbean break (ΦST = 0.12) but not for the Northwestern Caribbean, Eastern Caribbean, or US East Coast versus Bahamas breaks. The Northern Region had higher variation and more haplotypes, supporting introductions of at least five haplotypes to the region. Our wide-ranging samples showed that a lower-frequency haplotype in the Northern Region dominated the Southern Region and suggested multiple introductions, possibly to the south. We tested multiple scenarios of phylogeographic structure with analyses of molecular variance and found support for a Northern and Southern Region split at the Bahamas/Turks/Caicos versus Caribbean break (percentage of variation among regions = 8.49 %). We found that Puerto Rico clustered with the Southern Region more strongly than with the Northern Region, as opposed to previous reports. We also found the rare haplotype H03 for the first time in the southern Caribbean (Panama), indicating that either secondary releases occurred or that the low-frequency haplotypes have had time to disperse to extreme southern Caribbean locations.

  7. Amino acid substitutions in genetic variants of human serum albumin and in sequences inferred from molecular cloning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Takahashi, N.; Takahashi, Y.; Blumberg, B.S.; Putnam, F.W.

    1987-01-01

    The structural changes in four genetic variants of human serum albumin were analyzed by tandem high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) of the tryptic peptides, HPLC mapping and isoelectric focusing of the CNBr fragments, and amino acid sequence analysis of the purified peptides. Lysine-372 of normal (common) albumin A was changed to glutamic acid both in albumin Naskapi, a widespread polymorphic variant of North American Indians, and in albumin Mersin found in Eti Turks. The two variants also exhibited anomalous migration in NaDodSO 4 /PAGE, which is attributed to a conformational change. The identity of albumins Naskapi and Mersin may have originated through descent from a common mid-Asiatic founder of the two migrating ethnic groups, or it may represent identical but independent mutations of the albumin gene. In albumin Adana, from Eti Turks, the substitution site was not identified but was localized to the region from positions 447 through 548. The substitution of aspartic acid-550 by glycine was found in albumin Mexico-2 from four individuals of the Pima tribe. Although only single-point substitutions have been found in these and in certain other genetic variants of human albumin, five differences exist in the amino acid sequences inferred from cDNA sequences by workers in three other laboratories. However, our results on albumin A and on 14 different genetic variants accord with the amino acid sequence of albumin deduced from the genomic sequence. The apparent amino acid substitutions inferred from comparison of individual cDNA sequences probably reflect artifacts in cloning or in cDNA sequence analysis rather than polymorphism of the coding sections of the albumin gene

  8. ExNum 2016 International Symposium on Experimental Methods and Numerical Simulation in Engineering Sciences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editorial Foreword

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available ExNum 2016International Symposium on Experimental Methods and Numerical Simulation in Engineering SciencesSeptember 18th - 21st, 2016Conference Centre Liblice, Liblice, Czech RepublicOrganized by:Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics ASCR, v.v.i.Faculty of Transportation Sciences CTU in PragueBergische Universität Wuppertal, Faculty 5 - Architecture and Civil EngineeringThe International Symposium on Experimental Methods and Numerical Simulation in Engineering Sciences continues the tradition of the Czech-German bilateral symposium founded by prof. Karl-Hans Laermann and prof. Stanislav Holý in 1985. In the following years, the symposium was extensively developed by prof. Josef Jíra. The symposium shall bring together mainly young scientists who are actively involved in experimental solid mechanics, theoretically and practically, in order to exchange experience, to report on the present state-of-art as well as on running research projects, to discuss due questions and problems and to promote the co-operation between individuals as well as between institutions. Therefore in the symposium discussions will play a highly significant role.Scientific Committeeprof. Ing. Ondřej Jiroušek, Ph.D. (Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics ASCR, v.v.i.Univ.-Prof. Dr.-Ing.Dr.h.c.mult. Karl-Hans Laermann (Bergische Universität WuppertalProf. Dr.- Ing. Reinhard Harte (Bergische Universität Wuppertal, Faculty 5 - Architecture and Civil EngineeringProf. Dr.-Ing. Marc Gutermann (Hochschule BremenIng. Daniel Kytýř, Ph.D. (Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Transportation SciencesIng. Petr Zlámal, Ph.D. (Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics ASCR, v.v.i.Local Organizing CommitteeTomáš DoktorTomáš FílaNela KrčmářováPetr KoudelkaVeronika KoudelkováDaniel KytýřJan ŠleichrtPetr ZlámalEditorsDaniel KytýřPetr ZlámalScientific GuidanceOndřej Jiroušek

  9. Incidence estimate and guideline-oriented treatment for post-stroke spasticity: an analysis based on German statutory health insurance data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Egen-Lappe V

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Veronika Egen-Lappe, Ingrid Köster, Ingrid SchubertPMV Research Group, Department of Child and Adolescence Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Cologne, Cologne, GermanyBackground: Spasticity after stroke has been internationally recognized as an important health problem causing impairment of mobility, deformity, and pain. The aim of this study was to assess the frequency of first-ever and recurrent stroke and of subsequent spastic and flaccid paresis. Factors influencing the development of spasticity were analyzed. A further major aim was to provide a "real-life" assessment of the treatment of spasticity in Germany and to discuss this in view of the treatment recommended by German and international clinical guidelines.Methods: The database used in this study comprised a cohort of 242,090 insurants from a large statutory health insurance fund in the federal state of Hesse, Germany. A first hospital discharge diagnosis in 2009 with any of the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10 codes I60–I64 was used to identify patients with acute stroke (hemorrhage and ischemic. These patients were followed up six months after stroke to monitor whether they developed spastic or flaccid paresis (hospital or ambulatory care diagnoses ICD-10 code G81–G83 [excluding G82.6/G83.4/G83.8]. For patients with spastic paresis after stroke the spasticity treatment was analyzed for a six-month period (physiotherapy, oral muscle relaxants, intrathecal baclofen, and botulinum toxin.Results: Standardized to the population of Germany, 3.7 per 1000 persons suffered a stroke in 2009 (raw 5.2/1000. Of all surviving patients, 10.2% developed spasticity within 6 months. Cox regression revealed no significant influence of patient age, gender, morbidity (diabetes, hypertensive diseases, ischemic heart diseases or type of stroke on development of spasticity. 97% of surviving patients with spasticity received physiotherapy (inpatient care 89

  10. Age at diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders: is there an association with socioeconomic status and family self-education about autism?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hrdlicka M

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Michal Hrdlicka,1 Maria Vacova,1 Hana Oslejskova,2 Veronika Gondzova,2 Iveta Vadlejchova,3 Jana Kocourkova,1 Jiri Koutek,1 Iva Dudova1 1Department of Child Psychiatry, Charles University Second Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital Motol, Prague, 2Department of Child Neurology, Masaryk University Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital, Brno, 3Child Psychiatry Clinic, Chomutov, Czech Republic Background: The marked increase in autism spectrum disorders (ASD prevalence has stimulated worldwide interest in exploring broader circumstances of care of autistic children, including the role of socioeconomic status (SES and family information on autism.Methods: Our sample comprised of 160 children who participated in a diagnostic examination focused on autism, and their parents who completed a simple descriptive questionnaire focusing on the family situation as well as family self-education about autism. The diagnosis of ASD was confirmed in 120 children (75% of the sample; 94 boys, 26 girls with mean age 6.2±2.7 years (median 5.3, range 2.2–17.2 years. In 71 autistic patients (59.2%, a diagnosis of mental retardation was also established.Results: The age at diagnosis of ASD correlated negatively with maternal (P=0.014 and paternal (P=0.002 ages at the time of birth of the ASD child as well as with paternal (P=0.002 and maternal (P=0.050 education. The age at diagnosis of ASD did not correlate with family SES. Mothers were significantly more active in seeking information on autism than fathers or both parents equally (80 vs 9 vs 28 cases, respectively; P<0.001. The mean number of information sources on autism was 3.5±1.8 with a range 0–9. The mean number of resources did not differ among the three SES groups (3.50 vs 3.49 vs 4.25, respectively; P=0.704. The mean number of sources did not correlate with the age at diagnosis of ASD. The most often used sources were the Internet (81.7%, followed by psychologists (48.3%, books (46.7%, and

  11. Binding of plasma proteins to titanium dioxide nanotubes with different diameters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kulkarni M

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Mukta Kulkarni,1,* Ajda Flašker,1,* Maruša Lokar,1 Katjuša Mrak-Poljšak,2 Anca Mazare,3 Andrej Artenjak,4 Saša Čučnik,2 Slavko Kralj,5 Aljaž Velikonja,1 Patrik Schmuki,3 Veronika Kralj-Iglič,6 Snezna Sodin-Semrl,2,7 Aleš Iglič11Laboratory of Biophysics, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia; 2Department of Rheumatology, University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia; 3Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Erlangen Nuremberg, Erlangen, Germany; 4Sandoz Biopharmaceuticals Mengeš, Lek Pharmaceuticals dd, Menges, Slovenia; 5Department for Materials Synthesis, Institute Jožef Stefan (IJS, Ljubljana, Slovenia; 6Faculty of Health Studies, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia; 7Faculty of Mathematics, Natural Science and Information Technology, University of Primorska, Koper, Slovenia *These authors contributed equally to this workAbstract: Titanium and titanium alloys are considered to be one of the most applicable materials in medical devices because of their suitable properties, most importantly high corrosion resistance and the specific combination of strength with biocompatibility. In order to improve the biocompatibility of titanium surfaces, the current report initially focuses on specifying the topography of titanium dioxide (TiO2 nanotubes (NTs by electrochemical anodization. The zeta potential (ζ-potential of NTs showed a negative value and confirmed the agreement between the measured and theoretically predicted dependence of ζ-potential on salt concentration, whereby the absolute value of ζ-potential diminished with increasing salt concentrations. We investigated binding of various plasma proteins with different sizes and charges using the bicinchoninic acid assay and immunofluorescence microscopy. Results showed effective and comparatively higher protein binding to NTs with 100 nm diameters (compared to 50 or 15 nm. We also showed a dose

  12. Characteristics of reversible and nonreversible COPD and asthma and COPD overlap syndrome patients: an analysis of salbutamol Easyhaler data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Müller V

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Veronika Müller,1 Gabriella Gálffy,1 Márta Orosz,1 Zsuzsanna Kováts,1 Balázs Odler,1 Olof Selroos,2 Lilla Tamási1 1Department of Pulmonology, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary; 2Semeco AB, Ängelholm, Sweden Abstract: The choice of inhaler device for bronchodilator reversibility is crucial since suboptimal inhalation technique may influence the result. On the other hand, bronchodilator response also varies from time to time and may depend on patient characteristics. In this study, patients with airway obstruction (forced expiratory volume in 1 second [FEV1]/forced vital capacity [FVC] ratio <70% in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [COPD]; <80% in asthma were included (n=121, age: 57.8±17.3 years. Bronchodilator reversibility (American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society criteria was tested in patients with COPD (n=63 and asthma and COPD overlap syndrome (ACOS; n=12. Forty-six asthmatics served as controls. Reversibility was tested with 400 µg salbutamol dry powder inhaler (Buventol Easyhaler, Orion Pharma Ltd, Espoo, Finland. Demographic data and patients’ perceptions of Easyhaler compared with β2-agonist pressurized metered dose inhalers (pMDIs were analyzed. American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society guideline defined reversibility was found in 21 out of 63 COPD patients and in two out of 12 ACOS patients. Airway obstruction was more severe in COPD patients as compared with controls (mean FEV1 and FEV1% predicted both P<0.0001. Average response to salbutamol was significantly lower in COPD patients compared with asthma controls (P<0.0001. Reversibility was equally often found in smokers as in never-smokers (33% vs 34%. Nonreversible COPD patients had higher mean weight, body mass index, and FEV1/FVC compared with reversible COPD patients. Most patients preferred Easyhaler and defined its use as simpler and more effective than use of a pMDI. Never-smokers and patients with asthma experienced

  13. Vitamin D deficiency is associated with impaired disease control in asthma–COPD overlap syndrome patients

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    Odler B

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Balázs Odler,1 István Ivancsó,1 Vivien Somogyi,1 Kálmán Benke,2 Lilla Tamási,1 Gabriella Gálffy,1 Balázs Szalay,3 Veronika Müller11Department of Pulmonology, 2Heart and Vascular Centre, 3Department of Laboratory Medicine, Semmelweis University, Budapest, HungaryIntroduction: The association between vitamin D and clinical parameters in obstructive lung diseases (OLDs, including COPD and bronchial asthma, was previously investigated. As asthma–COPD overlap syndrome (ACOS is a new clinical entity, the prevalence of vitamin D levels in ACOS is unknown.Aim: Our aim was to assess the levels of circulating vitamin D (25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OHD] in different OLDs, including ACOS patients, and its correlation with clinical parameters.Methods: A total of 106 men and women (control, n=21; asthma, n=44; COPD, n=21; and ACOS, n=20 were involved in the study. All patients underwent detailed clinical examinations; disease control and severity was assessed by disease-specific questionnaires (COPD assessment test, asthma control test, and modified Medical Research Council; furthermore, 25(OHD levels were measured in all patients.Results: The 25(OHD level was significantly lower in ACOS and COPD groups compared to asthma group (16.86±1.79 ng/mL and 14.27±1.88 ng/mL vs 25.66±1.91 ng/mL. A positive correlation was found between 25(OHD level and forced expiratory volume in 1 second (r=0.4433; P<0.0001, forced vital capacity (FVC (r=0.3741; P=0.0004, forced expiratory flow between 25% and 75% of FVC (r=0.4179; P<0.0001, and peak expiratory flow (r=0.4846; P<0.0001 in OLD patient groups. Asthma control test total scores and the 25(OHD level showed a positive correlation in the ACOS (r=0.4761; P=0.0339 but not in the asthma group. Higher COPD assessment test total scores correlated with decreased 25(OHD in ACOS (r=-0.4446; P=0.0495; however, this was not observed in the COPD group.Conclusion: Vitamin D deficiency is present in ACOS patients and

  14. Turkers in Africa: A Crowdsourcing Approach to Improving Agricultural Landcover Maps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Estes, L. D.; Caylor, K. K.; Choi, J.

    2012-12-01

    In the coming decades a substantial portion of Africa is expected to be transformed to agriculture. The scale of this conversion may match or exceed that which occurred in the Brazilian Cerrado and Argentinian Pampa in recent years. Tracking the rate and extent of this conversion will depend on having an accurate baseline of the current extent of croplands. Continent-wide baseline data do exist, but the accuracy of these relatively coarse resolution, remotely sensed assessments is suspect in many regions. To develop more accurate maps of the distribution and nature of African croplands, we develop a distributed "crowdsourcing" approach that harnesses human eyeballs and image interpretation capabilities. Our initial goal is to assess the accuracy of existing agricultural land cover maps, but ultimately we aim to generate "wall-to-wall" cropland maps that can be revisited and updated to track agricultural transformation. Our approach utilizes the freely avail- able, high-resolution satellite imagery provided by Google Earth, combined with Amazon.com's Mechanical Turk platform, an online service that provides a large, global pool of workers (known as "Turkers") who perform "Human Intelligence Tasks" (HITs) for a fee. Using open-source R and python software, we select a random sample of 1 km2 cells from a grid placed over our study area, stratified by field density classes drawn from one of the coarse-scale land cover maps, and send these in batches to Mechanical Turk for processing. Each Turker is required to conduct an initial training session, on the basis of which they are assigned an accuracy score that determines whether the Turker is allowed to proceed with mapping tasks. Completed mapping tasks are automatically retrieved and processed on our server, and subject to two further quality control measures. The first of these is a measure of the spatial accuracy of Turker mapped areas compared to a "gold standard" maps from selected locations that are randomly

  15. A revision of the family Ameroseiidae (Acari, Mesostigmata), with some data on Slovak fauna

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mašán, Peter

    2017-01-01

    , 1918 = Kleemannia plumosa (Oudemans, 1902); Ameroseius eumorphus Bregetova, 1977 and Kleemannia potchefstroomensis Kruger & Loots, 1980 = Kleemannia pseudoplumosa (Rack, 1972); Ameroseius gilarovi Petrova, 1986 = Kleemannia plumigera Oudemans, 1930; Ameroseius imparsetosus Westerboer, 1963 = Ameroseius georgei (Turk, 1943); Ameroseius lanatus Solomon, 1969 and Ameroseius fimetorum Karg, 1971 = Kleemannia tenella (Berlese, 1916); Ameroseius lanceosetis Livshits & Mitrofanov, 1975 = Kleemannia pavida (C. L. Koch, 1839); Ameroseius marginalis Fan & Li, 1993 and Ameroseius sichuanensis Fan & Li, 1993 = Kleemannia insignis (Bernhard, 1963); Ameroseius pseudofurcatus Livshits & Mitrofanov, 1975 = Ameroseius furcatus Karg, 1971; Ameroseius stramenis Karg, 1976 and Lasioseius (Lasioseius) gracilis Halbert, 1923 = Kleemannia delicata (Berlese, 1918); Epicriopsis langei Livshits & Mitrofanov, 1975 and Epicriopsis baloghi Kandil, 1978 = Epicriopsis palustris Karg, 1971; Epicriopsis rivus Karg, 1971 = Epicriopsis mirabilis Willmann, 1956; Neocypholaelaps ewae Haitlinger, 1987 = Neocypholaelaps indicus Evans, 1963; Neocypholaelaps lindquisti Prasad, 1968, Afrocypholaelaps ranomafanaensis Haitlinger, 1987 and Afrocypholaelaps analicullus Ho, Ma, Wang & Severinghaus, 2010 = Afrocypholaelaps africanus (Evans, 1963); Sinoseius pinnatus Huhta & Karg, 2010 = Sinoseius lobatus Bai, Gu & Fang, 1995. Ameroseius womersleyi Mašán, is a replacement name proposed for Ameroseius ornatus Womersley, 1956, a junior secondary homonym of Cornubia ornata Turk, 1943 [= Ameroseius corbiculus (Sowerby, 1806)]. Cornubia georgei Turk, 1943 is removed from synonymy with Ameroseius corbiculus (Sowerby, 1806). An annotated catalogue of the world species of Ameroseiidae is provided, partly based on type (in more than 60 species) and non-type specimens from various museum deposits and personal collections, including new or revised material from Slovakia. It contains 206 named species (138 valid species, 37

  16. A revision of the family Ameroseiidae (Acari, Mesostigmata, with some data on Slovak fauna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Mašán

    2017-09-01

    , 1918 = Kleemannia plumosa (Oudemans, 1902; Ameroseius eumorphus Bregetova, 1977 and Kleemannia potchefstroomensis Kruger & Loots, 1980 = Kleemannia pseudoplumosa (Rack, 1972; Ameroseius gilarovi Petrova, 1986 = Kleemannia plumigera Oudemans, 1930; Ameroseius imparsetosus Westerboer, 1963 = Ameroseius georgei (Turk, 1943; Ameroseius lanatus Solomon, 1969 and Ameroseius fimetorum Karg, 1971 = Kleemannia tenella (Berlese, 1916; Ameroseius lanceosetis Livshits & Mitrofanov, 1975 = Kleemannia pavida (C. L. Koch, 1839; Ameroseius marginalis Fan & Li, 1993 and Ameroseius sichuanensis Fan & Li, 1993 = Kleemannia insignis (Bernhard, 1963; Ameroseius pseudofurcatus Livshits & Mitrofanov, 1975 = Ameroseius furcatus Karg, 1971; Ameroseius stramenis Karg, 1976 and Lasioseius (Lasioseius gracilis Halbert, 1923 = Kleemannia delicata (Berlese, 1918; Epicriopsis langei Livshits & Mitrofanov, 1975 and Epicriopsis baloghi Kandil, 1978 = Epicriopsis palustris Karg, 1971; Epicriopsis rivus Karg, 1971 = Epicriopsis mirabilis Willmann, 1956; Neocypholaelaps ewae Haitlinger, 1987 = Neocypholaelaps indicus Evans, 1963; Neocypholaelaps lindquisti Prasad, 1968, Afrocypholaelaps ranomafanaensis Haitlinger, 1987 and Afrocypholaelaps analicullus Ho, Ma, Wang & Severinghaus, 2010 = Afrocypholaelaps africanus (Evans, 1963; Sinoseius pinnatus Huhta & Karg, 2010 = Sinoseius lobatus Bai, Gu & Fang, 1995. Ameroseius womersleyi Mašán, is a replacement name proposed for Ameroseius ornatus Womersley, 1956, a junior secondary homonym of Cornubia ornata Turk, 1943 [= Ameroseius corbiculus (Sowerby, 1806]. Cornubia georgei Turk, 1943 is removed from synonymy with Ameroseius corbiculus (Sowerby, 1806. An annotated catalogue of the world species of Ameroseiidae is provided, partly based on type (in more than 60 species and non-type specimens from various museum deposits and personal collections, including new or revised material from Slovakia. It contains 206 named species (138 valid species, 37 synonyms, nine

  17. Rapid grading of fundus photographs for diabetic retinopathy using crowdsourcing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brady, Christopher J; Villanti, Andrea C; Pearson, Jennifer L; Kirchner, Thomas R; Gupta, Omesh P; Shah, Chirag P

    2014-10-30

    Screening for diabetic retinopathy is both effective and cost-effective, but rates of screening compliance remain suboptimal. As screening improves, new methods to deal with screening data may help reduce the human resource needs. Crowdsourcing has been used in many contexts to harness distributed human intelligence for the completion of small tasks including image categorization. Our goal was to develop and validate a novel method for fundus photograph grading. An interface for fundus photo classification was developed for the Amazon Mechanical Turk crowdsourcing platform. We posted 19 expert-graded images for grading by Turkers, with 10 repetitions per photo for an initial proof-of-concept (Phase I). Turkers were paid US $0.10 per image. In Phase II, one prototypical image from each of the four grading categories received 500 unique Turker interpretations. Fifty draws of 1-50 Turkers were then used to estimate the variance in accuracy derived from randomly drawn samples of increasing crowd size to determine the minimum number of Turkers needed to produce valid results. In Phase III, the interface was modified to attempt to improve Turker grading. Across 230 grading instances in the normal versus abnormal arm of Phase I, 187 images (81.3%) were correctly classified by Turkers. Average time to grade each image was 25 seconds, including time to review training images. With the addition of grading categories, time to grade each image increased and percentage of images graded correctly decreased. In Phase II, area under the curve (AUC) of the receiver-operator characteristic (ROC) indicated that sensitivity and specificity were maximized after 7 graders for ratings of normal versus abnormal (AUC=0.98) but was significantly reduced (AUC=0.63) when Turkers were asked to specify the level of severity. With improvements to the interface in Phase III, correctly classified images by the mean Turker grade in four-category grading increased to a maximum of 52.6% (10/19 images

  18. Low level of alcohol drinking among two generations of non-Western immigrants in Oslo: a multi-ethnic comparison.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amundsen, Ellen J

    2012-07-23

    Alcohol drinking is a risk factor for harm and disease. A low level of drinking among non-Western immigrants may lead to less alcohol-related harm and disease. The first aim of this study was to describe frequency of drinking in two generations of immigrants in Oslo, contrasting the result to drinking frequency among ethnic Norwegians. The second aim was to study how frequency of drinking among adult immigrants was associated with social interaction with their own countrymen and ethnic Norwegians, acculturation, age, gender, socioeconomic factors and the Muslim faith. The Oslo Health Study (HUBRO) was conducted during the period 2000 to 2002 and consisted of three separate surveys: a youth study (15-16-year-olds, a total of 7343 respondents, response rate 88.3%); adult cohorts from 30 to 75 years old (18,770 respondents, response rate 46%); the five largest immigrant groups in Oslo (aged 20-60 years, a total of 3019 respondents, response rate 39.7%). Based on these three surveys, studies of frequency of drinking in the previous year (four categories) were conducted among 15-16-year-olds and their parents' generation, 30-60-year-old Iranians, Pakistanis, Turks and ethnic Norwegians. A structural equation model with drinking frequency as outcome was established for the adult immigrants. Adults and youth of ethnic Norwegian background reported more frequent alcohol use than immigrants with backgrounds from Iran, Turkey and Pakistan. Iranians reported a higher drinking frequency than Turks and Pakistanis. In the structural equation model high drinking frequency was associated with high host culture competence and social interaction, while high own culture competence was associated with low drinking frequency. Adult first-generation immigrants with a longer stay in Norway, those of a higher age, and females drank alcohol less frequently, while those with a higher level of education and work participation drank more frequently. Muslim immigrants reported a significantly

  19. Global distribution of Chelonid fibropapilloma-associated herpesvirus among clinically healthy sea turtles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alfaro-Núñez, Alonzo; Frost Bertelsen, Mads; Bojesen, Anders Miki; Rasmussen, Isabel; Zepeda-Mendoza, Lisandra; Tange Olsen, Morten; Gilbert, Marcus Thomas Pius

    2014-10-25

    Fibropapillomatosis (FP) is a neoplastic disease characterized by cutaneous tumours that has been documented to infect all sea turtle species. Chelonid fibropapilloma-associated herpesvirus (CFPHV) is believed to be the aetiological agent of FP, based principally on consistent PCR-based detection of herpesvirus DNA sequences from FP tumours. We used a recently described PCR-based assay that targets 3 conserved CFPHV genes, to survey 208 green turtles (Chelonia mydas). This included both FP tumour exhibiting and clinically healthy individuals. An additional 129 globally distributed clinically healthy individual sea turtles; representing four other species were also screened. CFPHV DNA sequences were obtained from 37/37 (100%) FP exhibiting green turtles, and 45/300 (15%) clinically healthy animals spanning all five species. Although the frequency of infected individuals per turtle population varied considerably, most global populations contained at least one CFPHV positive individual, with the exception of various turtle species from the Arabian Gulf, Northern Indian Ocean and Puerto Rico. Haplotype analysis of the different gene markers clustered the CFPHV DNA sequences for two of the markers (UL18 and UL22) in turtles from Turks and Caicos separate to all others, regardless of host species or geographic origin. Presence of CFPHV DNA within globally distributed samples for all five species of sea turtle was confirmed. While 100% of the FP exhibiting green turtles yielded CFPHV sequences, surprisingly, so did 15% of the clinically healthy turtles. We hypothesize that turtle populations with zero (0%) CFPHV frequency may be attributed to possible environmental differences, diet and/or genetic resistance in these individuals. Our results provide first data on the prevalence of CFPHV among seemingly healthy turtles; a factor that may not be directly correlated to the disease incidence, but may suggest of a long-term co-evolutionary latent infection interaction between

  20. Who Was Honored by “Truthful Khan”, “Coveted Khan” and Their Descendants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gennady N. Garustovich

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study is to consider issues of the features of the pagan beliefs – the primordial religion of shamanism of the Turks and Mongols – described in writings of the authors of the Middle Ages: Chinese, Arab, Western, Russian, etc. (which act as the main research materials. Novelty of the research: until now the specific realities of the Turko-Mongol shamanism in Russia have been studied, but still not fully, despite the publication of numerous works of historians, anthropologists, archaeologists, linguists and specialists in other scientific and educational disciplines. As a result of the work, it appears that the authors of medieval narratives managed to notice series of interesting and important elements of the traditional religion of the steppe people. The deification by nomads of natural disasters contributed to the formation of their polytheism, with a large list of spirits and demons, and the development of complex branched rituals; it led to the isolation of their stratum of professional clergy – of the shamans (kams, buge, udogan. Priestly class served as intermediaries between the community of living people and the supernatural world of gods and genii, communicating with the ideal world through its spirit helpers (in the rites. Ministers of religion in society performed number of important functions (protective-preservative, healing, cleansing, conservative-traditionalist, et al.. As the narrative sources chroniclers paid little attention to the structure of the pantheon of gods and dogmas of shamanism, this paper objects rather the shamans’ function in ritual practice. The priests involved in family rituals (at the funeral and wake, with courtship and the birth of a child were carriers of traditions, healed sick and treated animals, “struggled” with evil spirits, magically influenced their enemies, guessed and predicted future, and most importantly – they were managers of regular generic and tribal

  1. Turkic Communities in South Trans-Urals in the 15th–17th centuries: National, Administrative, Territorial, Ethnosocial Transformations.

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    D.N. Maslyuzhenko

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Research objectives: The article reads on the settlement on and the economic use of the south Trans-Urals territories by Turkic communities. Research materials: Published and unpublished sources: books of official orders in the Russian state, chronicles, acts, diplomatic documents, archaeological data, etc. Results and novelty of the research: Traditionally, administrative divisions of Ural and Trans-Urals are considered to be a sort of a naturally emerged structure. Having analyzed the sources, we may conclude: the system of counties’ (uyezd division, as introduced by the Russian state, did not consider the allocation of the communities and their economic management mode. Cattle breeding practices of the local Turks determined the specifity of their economic activities. Many Turks’ volosts (ancestral territories were compound and consisted of two parts: the winter part and the summer one. These two parts could be quite long-distance, divided by the Urals and upon being included into the Russian state they were designated to different uyezds. For instance, one part of Tersyak volost was assigned to Verkhoturskiy uyezd and the second – to Tyumensky uyezd; the western part of the Myakotinskaya (Bakatin volost was located in Ufimsky uyezd and the eastern – in Tyumensky uyezd, which was in the lower reach of the Iset and Pyshma rivers. Consequently, by the moment of being merged into the Russian state, the territories indicated below were economically managed by the local Turks: South Trans-Urals and a part of Cis-Urals, including the territories in the upperstreams of the Ufa and Chusovaya rivers, along the Pyshma and Iset rivers, partially the Tura river, and Tobol between the outflows of the Miass and Tura. The given practice arose in the late Middle Ages and was intimately connected with Shibanids’ claims who ruled in Tyumen and Siberian Khanates. They claimed not only to the territories in the south of West Siberia, Aral Sea region

  2. Problems of Ruler and Statehood in the Golden Horde Literature »

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    Khatip Minnegulov

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Already in ancient and medieval times, the Turks and their ancestors – Proto-Turks – established their own states and accumulated considerable political and administrative experience in the management and administration of their own countries. Their activities in this field was conditioned by the historical reality. They have also been displayed, in varying degrees, in the written literature, in particular: in runic inscriptions and the writings of Yusuf Balasaguni, Yugneki, Kul Gali and other authors. As is known, during two centuries of its existence, the Golden Horde left a deep mark in the statehood history and spiritual life of the peoples of Eurasia and even of the Northern Africa (Mamluk Egypt. Various problems of social and spiritual life are reflected in the preserved written literature of the Jochid ulus. Issues related to the ruler and his relationship with his subjects occupy an important place among these problems, as well as the problem of creating such a society, which would be reigned by “prosperity”, “happiness” and “justice”. Professor Kh.Yu. Minnegulov examines these ques­tions by analyzing the works of such leading Turkish-Tatar writers and poets of the Golden Horde as: Rabguzi, Qutb, Khwarizmi, Mahmud Bulgari, Hisam Kyatib, Saif Sarayi, Ahmed Urgendzhi and others. The author points out that almost all the masters of the pen wanted the Lord being the ideal, perfect man (“Kamil Insan” in every respect, especially fair, educated, morally mannered person. In their opinion, not the people but the sovereign should serve his subjects as a “shepherd” (“chuban” and a “healer”. Some writings do not give preference to ordinary rulers, but to the reigning prophets (“Kyyssas al-Anbiya”, 1310; “Nahj al-Faradis”, 1358. In turn, in his poem “Jumjuma Sultan” (1369, the Sufi poet Hisam Kyatib even condemns and denies, to a certain extent, the “sultan’s power”. The writers urge the Golden

  3. The Activities and Attitudes of Armenian-Georgian Troops which Affected the Course of Kösedağ War

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    Mehmet ÖZMENLİ

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The events which occurred during the course of the War of Kösedağ at which the Seljuk Empire of Turkey met the armies under the command of the Mongolian Baycu Noyan are one of the major happenings to be examined in terms of their consequences, ever recorded in Turkish History. Prior to the war, the Seljuks of Turkey were traumatized because of internal rebellions. The Mongol Army gained an easy victory because of the incorrect decisions made Sultan Gıyaseddin Kaykhusraw II from the beginning of the war and of the negative roles of those involved in the war. Anatolia, which was like paradise and whose inhabitants experienced a kind of idyllic bliss and happiness under the administration of The Seljuks, was invaded by the Mongolian army, which advanced facing no resistance and caused mischief on the earth. The sources concerned indicate that the relationship between the Turks, the Armenians and the Georgians coincided with the entrance of the Seljuks into Anatolia. The Armenians, who lived under oppression and tyranny under the administration of the Byzantine Empire, met and viewed the Seljucks as their liberators. However, the Christians during the Crusades provoked and instigated both the Armenians and sometimes the Georgians against the Turks. The Armenians, who captured the Çukurova Region with the help of the Crusaders, established a barony here. During the reign of Alaeddin Keykubâd and İzzeddin Keykavus, the Sultans of the Seljuks of Turkey, the Seljuks made the Armenians subjected to them, but the Armenians did not keep their promise during the war of Kösedağ in 1243. The study focuses on the effects of the course of Armenian and Georgian forces, which played a role in the War of Kösedağ, upon the course of the war. The study also deals, in brief, with the role the statesmen of the Seljuks played in the defeat. Different historical sources written in such various languages as Arabic, Syrian, Armenian, Persian and Georgian on the

  4. Refugee movements and Turkey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirisci, K

    1991-12-01

    There has been a long tradition in the Ottoman Empire and the Turkish Republic of receiving refugees. There were Jewish refugees from the Spanish Inquisition, Hungarians and Poles fleeing revolts in 1848-9, and those of Turkish descent and usually from the Balkans. Concurrent with this trend is the history of refugees and immigrants leaving Turkey, such as many Armenians, Greeks and Jews leaving at the turn of the century, and after 1923 and the Treaty of Lausanne. Little is currently published on the topic. This article defines a refugee; provides an overview of the refugee problems of the 1980's due to Bulgarian, Kurdish, and Turkish refugees; and the legal and political aspects. As a country of origin, there is discussion of the political and economic aspects of Turkish asylum seekers in Europe. The potential refugee flows to and from Turkey are also examined. I) For this study, refugees are victims of political violence and are persecuted for political or religious beliefs, ethnic or racial background, or war. In Turkey, there are national refugees, international refugees outside the Convention, and UNHCR Convention refugees. During the 1980's all 3 groups were arriving: from eastern Europe, Iranian Kurds, Iraqis, and ethnic Turks from Bulgaria and Afghanistan. The Turkish restricted acceptance of the 1951 Convention on Refugees creates serious humanitarian and security consequences for refugees other than those from eastern Europe and of Turkish ethnicity. Political considerations play an important role in treatment where security threats outweigh humanitarian need. The case is given for Kurdish refugees. II) Asylum seekers from Turkey in Western Europe was determined between 1986-90 to be 185,000 from applications. These figures have risen steadily due to the political instability and military activity of areas bordering Iraq and Syria, the Emergency Region. In addition there are economic and employment problems, and there has been a suspension of human

  5. HARP EDEBİYATI BAĞLAMINDA MEHMET EMİN YURDAKUL’UN ŞİİR DİLİ / THE POETRY LANGUAGE OF MEHMET EMIN YURDAKUL THROUGH THE WAR LITERATURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Münteha GÜL AKMAZ

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Through the history of huminty, the wars, broke out because of different reasons between different societies; are among the sources which supply the literature from the age of legend to modern literature age. So, a new area which consists of works about different dimensions of wars called “war literature” has occured. Mehmet Emin Yurdakul is one of the names come to when thinking about Turkish War Literature. He was born to wars put on end to Ottoman Empire and he grew up with these wars. The poet, witnessed the social, pyschological and economic troubles because of Ottoman-Greek War, The Balkans War, First Word War and Independence War, expressed the thoughts and the senses of Turkish society from the beginning of his firs work, due to the family structure he belongs to, growing up and life style, sensitive character and he gave examples from his life. At this point, he has some characteristics in common with some man of letters who are at the same age. The aspect differs him from the others is that he tells the life, the thoughts and the senses of Turkish society with the pure Turkish and syllabic meter which formed by Turks. So, he was called “National Poet”, “the Poet of Folk”, as he formed a national wholeress in both contents and shape in his poems. Mehmet Emin Yurdakul, who has an important role in Turkish literature, is discussed in many works related to from his period to today. In these works, his poor technics of poems and poetics are the top critics to his works. However, these critics seem unfair by taking into consideration his poetics and the term when these poets were written. The only aim of the poet who shaped his works in the most depressed period of Turks lived, is not to reach the pure poem, his aim is not only express the pains but also encourage the Turkish folk by reminding the values of them. At the same time, the poet trying to shape the future by the help of the national senses and aims, struggles with the

  6. Genesis and formation attribute of military authorities of the Ukrainian сossacks in the XVI – XVIII centuries

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    Nadiya V. Babkova

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Here are considered the historical roots of formation and genesis of bunchuks as a part of the whole kleinod complex of Kosh Otamans and Hetmans of the Ukrainian Cossacks. Turkic lexeme «bunchuk» over time has transformed into modern term that is common in Ukrainian culture. Traditionally, the first recorded case of bunchuks’ use by military is associated with the name of the Arab Caliph Abu Bakr and his military battles on the territory of Syria in the 7th century. During the active cross-cultural contacts in the early 13th century, firstly bunchuks became known among the Mongols and later among the Turks. Early Ottomans used them not only as a military sign, but also as a ranking marker of the court official, status present, which raised the social status of a person. From Turks bunchuks were taken by the representatives of the Commonwealth of Poland and at the beginning gave them a meaning of the important symbol of Quarter Army Hetman military power and later, from the middle of the XVII century, of the Polish king. Historical tradition linked the use of bunchuks by Ukrainian Cossacks with the military reforms of Polish monarch Stefan Batory. But modern scientists, studying military history of the Cossacks in the first quarter of the XVII century and using the materials of Polish archives denied this statement and stressed the attention of the Turkish-Tatar vector. For Zaporozhian Cossacks bunchuks were among the attributes of legitimacy or legality of certain actions. In the external design dominated red and black color schemes. National Symbols of early modern Ukrainian state in the middle of the 17th – 18th c., which basis was formed of the attributes of power Zaporozhian Cossacks, recorded bunchuks as personal banners of Hetmans. In order to make the distinction from Zaporozhian Cossacks, Hetmans started using white bunchuks. Historical records kept information about these signs is in the arsenal of Hetman Bohdan Khmelnytsky, Petro

  7. Comparison of Object Recognition Behavior in Human and Monkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rajalingham, Rishi; Schmidt, Kailyn

    2015-01-01

    Although the rhesus monkey is used widely as an animal model of human visual processing, it is not known whether invariant visual object recognition behavior is quantitatively comparable across monkeys and humans. To address this question, we systematically compared the core object recognition behavior of two monkeys with that of human subjects. To test true object recognition behavior (rather than image matching), we generated several thousand naturalistic synthetic images of 24 basic-level objects with high variation in viewing parameters and image background. Monkeys were trained to perform binary object recognition tasks on a match-to-sample paradigm. Data from 605 human subjects performing the same tasks on Mechanical Turk were aggregated to characterize “pooled human” object recognition behavior, as well as 33 separate Mechanical Turk subjects to characterize individual human subject behavior. Our results show that monkeys learn each new object in a few days, after which they not only match mean human performance but show a pattern of object confusion that is highly correlated with pooled human confusion patterns and is statistically indistinguishable from individual human subjects. Importantly, this shared human and monkey pattern of 3D object confusion is not shared with low-level visual representations (pixels, V1+; models of the retina and primary visual cortex) but is shared with a state-of-the-art computer vision feature representation. Together, these results are consistent with the hypothesis that rhesus monkeys and humans share a common neural shape representation that directly supports object perception. SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT To date, several mammalian species have shown promise as animal models for studying the neural mechanisms underlying high-level visual processing in humans. In light of this diversity, making tight comparisons between nonhuman and human primates is particularly critical in determining the best use of nonhuman primates to

  8. Contribution of Arabic Medicine and Pharmacy to the Development of Health Care Protection in Bosnia and Herzegovina - the Second Part.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masic, Izet

    2017-12-01

    After the collapse of the Arab rule, the Arab territorial expanses and cultural heritage were taken over by the Turks. Although scientific progress in the Turkish period slowed down due to numerous unfavorable political-economic and other circumstances. Thanks to the Turks, Arabic culture and useful Islamic principles expanded to the territory of our homeland of Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H). Significant role in the transfer of Arabic pharmaceutical knowledge was also attributed to the Sephardic Jews who, with their arrival, continued to perform their attar activities, which were largely based on Arab achievements. However, insufficiently elaborated, rich funds of oriental medical and pharmaceutical handwriting testify that Oriental science has nurtured in these areas as well, and that the Arabic component in a specific way was intertwined with other cultures and traditions of B&H. The Franciscan monasteries in Bosnia and Herzegovina have museums which contain important exhibits and libraries rich in books, among which many from the field of medicine and pharmacy. Muslim mosques, also, had small libraries with Arabic books used for spreading medical knowledge. The second category was folk doctors and practitioners who were on disposition to the people of any religion. Some of them listened to lectures in medicine during the studies of theology and philosophy. However, most did not have any medical education, but by reading books and teaching experience they made their own recipe collection. Special books, called "Ljekaruše" (Books of recipes) were also born during the study when they came into contact with an even larger number of health books. However, it should not be neglected that a lot of them contained folk medicines that were used in some environments depending on the habits and available herbs. Although it has been proven that many recipes from Ljekaruše are pharmacologically and medically justified, one should not ignore the knowledge and skill behind

  9. Ginseng-berry-mediated gold and silver nanoparticle synthesis and evaluation of their in vitro antioxidant, antimicrobial, and cytotoxicity effects on human dermal fibroblast and murine melanoma skin cell lines

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    Jiménez Pérez ZE

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Zuly Elizabeth Jiménez Pérez,1 Ramya Mathiyalagan,1 Josua Markus,1 Yeon-Ju Kim,2 Hyun Mi Kang,3 Ragavendran Abbai,1 Kwang Hoon Seo,2 Dandan Wang,2 Veronika Soshnikova,2 Deok Chun Yang1,21Department of Biotechnology and Ginseng Bank, 2Department of Oriental Medicine Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences, Kyung Hee University, Yongin, Republic of Korea; 3Advanced Cosmeceutical Technology R&D Center, Suwon, Republic of KoreaAbstract: There has been a growing interest in the design of environmentally affable and biocompatible nanoparticles among scientists to find novel and safe biomaterials. Panax ginseng Meyer berries have unique phytochemical profile and exhibit beneficial pharmacological activities such as antihyperglycemic, antiobesity, antiaging, and antioxidant properties. A comprehensive study of the biologically active compounds in ginseng berry extract (GBE and the ability of ginseng berry (GB as novel material for the biosynthesis of gold nanoparticles (GBAuNPs and silver nanoparticles (GBAgNPs was conducted. In addition, the effects of GBAuNPs and GBAgNPs on skin cell lines for further potential biological applications are highlighted. GBAuNPs and GBAgNPs were synthesized using aqueous GBE as a reducing and capping agent. The synthesized nanoparticles were characterized for their size, morphology, and crystallinity. The nanoparticles were evaluated for antioxidant, anti-tyrosinase, antibacterial, and cytotoxicity activities and for morphological changes in human dermal fibroblast and murine melanoma skin cell lines. The phytochemicals contained in GBE effectively reduced and capped gold and silver ions to form GBAuNPs and GBAgNPs. The optimal synthesis conditions (ie, temperature and v/v % of GBE and kinetics were investigated. Polysaccharides and phenolic compounds present in GBE were suggested to be responsible for stabilization and functionalization of nanoparticles. GBAuNPs and GBAgNPs showed increased scavenging activity

  10. Prevalence and possible causes of anemia in the elderly: a cross-sectional analysis of a large European university hospital cohort

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    Bach V

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Veronika Bach,1 Guenter Schruckmayer,1 Ines Sam,1 Georg Kemmler,2 Reinhard Stauder11Department of Internal Medicine V (Hematology and Oncology, 2Department of Biological Psychiatry, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, AustriaBackground: Anemia in later life is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and possible causes of anemia in the elderly in a well defined hospital cohort.Methods: Participants in this cross-sectional, retrospective analysis included all inpatients and outpatients aged ≥64 years with complete blood counts treated at Innsbruck Medical University Hospital between October 1, 2004 and September 29, 2005 (n=19,758, median age 73 years.Results: According to World Health Organization criteria, 21.1% of these patients were anemic, ie, 30.7% and 37.0% at 80+ years and 90+ years, respectively. The prevalence of anemia was significantly correlated with advanced age (r=0.21; P<0.001 and male sex (P<0.001. In anemic patients, renal insufficiency with a glomerular filtration rate <30 mL/min/1.73 m2 (11.3% versus 2.1%, hyperinflammation (62.1% versus 31.4%, absolute (14.4% versus 6.9% or functional (28.2% versus 11.8% iron deficiency, and folate deficiency (6.7% versus 3.0% were observed significantly more often than in nonanemic subjects (P<0.001. The pathogenesis of anemia was multifactorial, with decreased renal function (glomerular filtration rate <60 mL/min/1.73 m2, signs of inflammation, and functional iron deficiency detected in 11.4% of anemic patients. Hemoglobin was significantly correlated with elevated C-reactive protein (r=–0.296; P<0.001 and low transferrin saturation (r=0.313; P<0.001. Mean corpuscular volume correlated only weakly with the various anemia subtypes. Cytopenias and morphologic alterations suggestive of underlying myelodysplastic syndromes were found in a substantial proportion of anemic patients, including thrombocytopenia (5

  11. Knowledge transfer within EU-funded marine science research - a viewpoint

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bayliss-Brown, Georgia; Cheallachaín, Cliona Ní

    2016-04-01

    transfer and dissemination. This Dublin-based SME has an ever-growing portfolio of FP7 and Horizon 2020 projects where they hold knowledge management responsibilities. In this session, we will present AquaTT's experiences in knowledge management for several European Union-funded marine research projects; including MarineTT (http://marinett.eu/) that was recognised as an exemplar project in the ex post evaluation of FP7 to the European Commission. These insights will be supplemented with an overview of the AquaTT-developed step-by-step knowledge transfer methodology, as used by the COLUMBUS project - the EU's flagship Blue Growth and Knowledge Transfer initiative (http://www.columbusproject.eu/). This session will provide a platform to launch AquaTT's European knowledge transfer network, established to support the research community in fostering a culture that recognises and rewards knowledge transfer between scientists and end-users (industry, policy, and wider society), thereby ensuring that research achieves its maximum potential impact. References Bellwood, P. (2004) The First Farmers: Origins of Agricultural Societies. Malden, MA. European Commission (2008) recommendation on the management of intellectual property in knowledge transfer activities and code of practice for universities and other public research organisations http://ec.europa.eu/invest-in-research/pdf/ip_recommendation_en.pdf Lipphardt, V. and D. Ludwig (2011) Knowledge transfer and science transfer. http://ieg-ego.eu/en/threads/theories-and-methods/knowledge-transfer/veronika-lipphardt-david-ludwig-knowledge-transfer-and-science-transfer

  12. Lay Perceptions of Healthy Eating Styles and Their Health Impacts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vizireanu, Mariya; Hruschka, Daniel

    2018-04-01

    This study examined perceptions of healthy eating styles among US respondents to determine whether eating styles are defined as a distinct set of people's healthy eating beliefs and how different aspects of eating styles are perceived to affect health. In-person pile sort activities were used to identify key dimensions of healthy eating beliefs, and online surveys were used to confirm these dimensions and examine perceived health benefits of healthy eating styles. The pile-sorting activity recruited 48 US participants in the Phoenix metropolitan area via social media and snowball sampling. Online surveys recruited US participants via Amazon Mechanical Turk (survey 1, n = 70; survey 2, n = 283). The researchers used an exploratory visualizing technique (multidimensional scaling) to analyze pile sort data; Property Filling (PROFIT) analysis was used to analyze online survey 1; paired sample t test and repeated-measures ANOVA were used to analyze online survey 2. Eating styles are a distinct set of beliefs within lay models of healthful diets (P management. In addition to educating the public about choosing healthy food characteristics, health and nutrition professionals may need to address people's beliefs regarding healthy eating styles to identify gaps and misconceptions. Future research is needed to examine the relationships between such beliefs and corresponding behaviors, as well as whether these behaviors result in any health benefits. Copyright © 2018 Society for Nutrition Education and Behavior. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. CrowdCurio: an online crowdsourcing platform to facilitate climate change studies using herbarium specimens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willis, Charles G; Law, Edith; Williams, Alex C; Franzone, Brian F; Bernardos, Rebecca; Bruno, Lian; Hopkins, Claire; Schorn, Christian; Weber, Ella; Park, Daniel S; Davis, Charles C

    2017-07-01

    Phenology is a key aspect of plant success. Recent research has demonstrated that herbarium specimens can provide important information on plant phenology. Massive digitization efforts have the potential to greatly expand herbarium-based phenological research, but also pose a serious challenge regarding efficient data collection. Here, we introduce CrowdCurio, a crowdsourcing tool for the collection of phenological data from herbarium specimens. We test its utility by having workers collect phenological data (number of flower buds, open flowers and fruits) from specimens of two common New England (USA) species: Chelidonium majus and Vaccinium angustifolium. We assess the reliability of using nonexpert workers (i.e. Amazon Mechanical Turk) against expert workers. We also use these data to estimate the phenological sensitivity to temperature for both species across multiple phenophases. We found no difference in the data quality of nonexperts and experts. Nonexperts, however, were a more efficient way of collecting more data at lower cost. We also found that phenological sensitivity varied across both species and phenophases. Our study demonstrates the utility of CrowdCurio as a crowdsourcing tool for the collection of phenological data from herbarium specimens. Furthermore, our results highlight the insight gained from collecting large amounts of phenological data to estimate multiple phenophases. © 2017 The Authors. New Phytologist © 2017 New Phytologist Trust.

  14. The Poet of Borcali Zərgər Musa and his Poems

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    Bahadır GÜNEŞ

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Today it is divided into different regions and borrowed under the administration of the Republic of Georgia, living as an old Turkish homeland from old dates. Due to being located in the connection area between Turkistan and Anatolia, together with the Turks, it is one of the war zones of different ethnic communities. This situation manifested itself as the fusion of diversity in the cultural sense, and it has opened the way for the way of showing tricks live to this day. There are a lot of poets in love today in Borcali. These poets both in with saz and solo they live their art in different regions of the Turkish world. Among the poets waiting to be discovered by researchers there are also those who live the last days of their life. Therefore, especially Turkish and Turkish language and literature researchers from different disciplines must be in this geography. In this study, born and raised in Borcali a unknown poet of many and the region known by the name Zərgər Musa,Borcali poet introduced and the poet’s book by the name Bir Çinarın Dərdi will be evaluated in terms of content, expression forms and pattern expressions.

  15. Corrective Action Decision Document/Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 105: Area 2 Yucca Flat Atmospheric Test Sites, Nevada National Security Site, Nevada, Revision 0

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Matthews, Patrick

    2013-09-01

    This Corrective Action Decision Document/Closure Report presents information supporting the closure of Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 105: Area 2 Yucca Flat Atmospheric Test Sites, Nevada National Security Site, Nevada. CAU 105 comprises the following five corrective action sites (CASs): -02-23-04 Atmospheric Test Site - Whitney Closure In Place -02-23-05 Atmospheric Test Site T-2A Closure In Place -02-23-06 Atmospheric Test Site T-2B Clean Closure -02-23-08 Atmospheric Test Site T-2 Closure In Place -02-23-09 Atmospheric Test Site - Turk Closure In Place The purpose of this Corrective Action Decision Document/Closure Report is to provide justification and documentation supporting the recommendation that no further corrective action is needed for CAU 105 based on the implementation of the corrective actions. Corrective action investigation (CAI) activities were performed from October 22, 2012, through May 23, 2013, as set forth in the Corrective Action Investigation Plan for Corrective Action Unit 105: Area 2 Yucca Flat Atmospheric Test Sites; and in accordance with the Soils Activity Quality Assurance Plan, which establishes requirements, technical planning, and general quality practices.

  16. Latent-level relations between DSM-5 PTSD symptom clusters and problematic smartphone use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Contractor, Ateka A; Frankfurt, Sheila B; Weiss, Nicole H; Elhai, Jon D

    2017-07-01

    Common mental health consequences following the experience of potentially traumatic events include Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and addictive behaviors. Problematic smartphone use is a newer manifestation of addictive behaviors. People with anxiety severity (such as PTSD) may be at risk for problematic smartphone use as a means of coping with their symptoms. Unique to our knowledge, we assessed relations between PTSD symptom clusters and problematic smartphone use. Participants ( N = 347), recruited through Amazon's Mechanical Turk (MTurk), completed measures of PTSD and smartphone addiction. Results of the Wald tests of parameter constraints indicated that problematic smartphone use was more related to PTSD's negative alterations in cognitions and mood (NACM) than to PTSD's avoidance factor, Wald χ 2 (1, N = 347) = 12.51, p = 0.0004; and more to PTSD's arousal compared to PTSD's avoidance factor, Wald χ 2 (1, N = 347) = 14.89, p = 0.0001. Results indicate that problematic smartphone use is most associated with negative affect and arousal among trauma-exposed individuals. Implications include the need to clinically assess problematic smartphone use among trauma-exposed individuals presenting with higher NACM and arousal severity; and targeting NACM and arousal symptoms to mitigate the effects of problematic smartphone use.

  17. Age, Gender, and Fine-Grained Ethnicity Prediction using Convolutional Neural Networks for the East Asian Face Dataset

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Srinivas, Nisha [ORNL; Rose, Derek C [ORNL; Bolme, David S [ORNL; Mahalingam, Gayathri [ORNL; Atwal, Harleen [ORNL; Ricanek, Karl [ORNL

    2017-01-01

    This paper examines the difficulty associated with performing machine-based automatic demographic prediction on a sub-population of Asian faces. We introduce the Wild East Asian Face dataset (WEAFD), a new and unique dataset to the research community. This dataset consists primarily of labeled face images of individuals from East Asian countries, including Vietnam, Burma, Thailand, China, Korea, Japan, Indonesia, and Malaysia. East Asian turk annotators were uniquely used to judge the age and fine grain ethnicity attributes to reduce the impact of the other race effect and improve quality of annotations. We focus on predicting age, gender and fine-grained ethnicity of an individual by providing baseline results with a convolutional neural network (CNN). Finegrained ethnicity prediction refers to predicting ethnicity of an individual by country or sub-region (Chinese, Japanese, Korean, etc.) of the East Asian continent. Performance for two CNN architectures is presented, highlighting the difficulty of these tasks and showcasing potential design considerations that ease network optimization by promoting region based feature extraction.

  18. Dobrogea as Romanian Tourism Micro-destination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aurelia-Felicia STĂNCIOIU

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Dobrogea, known since antiquity as Dacia Pontica, after the name of the sea that was bordering it – Pontus Euxinus, is a region situated in Southeastern Romania and covers four counties of which two – Constanţa and Tulcea – belong to the Romanian territory. The celebrity of Dobrogea consists in its openness to the Black Sea, in Danube Delta (reservation of the biosphere that belongs to the UNESCO heritage since 1991 and in its archaeological traces that prove the existence and the continuity of the Romanian population next to “Turks, Tatars, Circassians, Macedo-Romanians and Greeks, Italian and Ukrainian, Catholic and Protestant Germans, Bulgarians and Russians, even Egyptians and Gipsy Muslims – a true ethnic mosaic” (Popoiu, 2010, p. 15. The conducted research refers just to the two Romanian counties and aims to highlight the role of the image of the historical region of Dobrogea in building its own brand and to identify its main tourist attractions and forms of tourism.

  19. Regret Expression and Social Learning Increases Delay to Sexual Gratification.

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    Amanda J Quisenberry

    Full Text Available Modification and prevention of risky sexual behavior is important to individuals' health and public health policy. This study employed a novel sexual discounting task to elucidate the effects of social learning and regret expression on delay to sexual gratification in a behavioral task.Amazon Mechanical Turk Workers were assigned to hear one of three scenarios about a friend who engages in similar sexual behavior. The scenarios included a positive health consequence, a negative health consequence or a negative health consequence with the expression of regret. After reading one scenario, participants were asked to select from 60 images, those with whom they would have casual sex. Of the selected images, participants chose one image each for the person they most and least want to have sex with and person most and least likely to have a sexually transmitted infection. They then answered questions about engaging in unprotected sex now or waiting some delay for condom-protected sex in each partner condition.Results indicate that the negative health outcome scenario with regret expression resulted in delayed sexual gratification in the most attractive and least STI partner conditions, whereas in the least attractive and most STI partner conditions the negative health outcome with and without regret resulted in delayed sexual gratification.Results suggest that the sexual discounting task is a relevant laboratory measure and the framing of information to include regret expression may be relevant for prevention of risky sexual behavior.

  20. Water and counter-hegemony: Kurdish struggle in the Tigris and Euphrates in Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilberto Conde

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Water issues are often related to general questions of justice. This article discusses Tigris and Euphrates water issues from the point of view of Kurds in Turkey. The goal here is not to discuss the entire landscape of power relations and interests in the recent history of these rivers inside the country or across borders, but to understand how opposition Kurds view the way in which Turkish authorities manage water resources, policies and politics within the basins, affecting local society and the environment. It has been found that beyond establishing hydro-hegemony over co-riparian states along the Tigris and Euphrates (Syria and Iraq, the Turkish state has sought to deploy its soft and hard power over Kurds. The opposition Kurdish movement has responded by developing its own counter-hegemonic measures. Their proposals seem to aim at winning over Kurds, but also Turks and other peoples. Their framing of a different type of stakeholder participation in decision-making calls for a model of direct democracy covering different aspects of life, including water management and environmental soundness. The research is based on academic and government literature and a number of semi-structured interviews with Kurdish municipal officials, faculty and activists.