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Sample records for tun conseil ai

  1. J. TUN ORL - N°17 DÉCEMBRE 2006

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Page 1. J. TUN ORL - N°17 DÉCEMBRE 2006. 19. Page 2. J. TUN ORL - N°17 DÉCEMBRE 2006. 20. Page 3. J. TUN ORL - N°17 DÉCEMBRE 2006. 21. Fig. 1 : Capteur de pollens – Site de Caen. Page 4. J. TUN ORL - N°17 DÉCEMBRE 2006. 22. 0. 200. 400. 600. 800. 1000. 1200. 22. -2. 8 fe v. 1-7 m ars. 8-1. 4 m ars. 15.

  2. Conseiller principal, Affaires publiques (h/f) | CRDI - Centre de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Résumé des fonctions Le conseiller principal, Affaires publiques agit à titre de chef des communications pour un portefeuille de clients attribué en vue d'offrir des services de communications intégrés. Plus particulièrement, le conseiller se penche sur les besoins relatifs aux communications, fournit des conseils, assure une ...

  3. Réunion du Conseil des gouverneurs

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Ruxandra Staicu

    Réunion du Conseil des gouverneurs. Date(s):. 2015-11-16 à 2015-11-19. Destination(s):. Ottawa. Billet d'avion: 5 596.11 $. Frais de transport au sol ou autrement: 67.54 $. Frais de logement: 340.45 $. Repas et frais divers: 175.39 $. Autre frais: 0.00 $. Total: 6 179.49 $. Commentaires: 2015-2016 Rapports sur les frais de ...

  4. Les déterminants du choix entre un conseil d'administration et un conseil de surveillance

    OpenAIRE

    Laurence Godard

    1998-01-01

    Cet article étudie les facteurs qui influencent le choix de la structure du conseil:conseil d'administration ou conseil de surveillance. Deux facteurs relatifs au contrôle du dirigeant sont pris en compte:la performance et la structure de propriété de l'entreprise. Deux facteurs explicatifs supplémentaires sont considérés:la date de création de l'entreprise afin de tenir compte de l'année d'introduction de la formule conseil de surveillance en France et le secteur de l'entreprise en appréhend...

  5. AIS authentication

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Users are invited to use the NICE password for AIS authentication. As announced in CNL June-August 2006 (see http://www.cerncourier.com/articles/cnl/3/6/14/1) it is possible to use the NICE username and password to log on to AIS. The procedure is now fully operational and users can themselves reset the AIS password such that the NICE password will be used for authentication required by AIS applications. We strongly recommend CERN users who have a NICE account (this is the case of most users) to do this, with the objective to reduce the number of passwords they need to remember. This can be achieved very easily, directly from the Change Password option on the AIS login (https://aislogin.cern.ch/). Users should just select the '[Change Password]' option displayed at the bottom of the page, provide the 'Old Password' and then click on the button 'Use Nice password' followed by 'Submit'. Change Password option on the AIS login windowSetting the AIS password - Use Nice Password It should be noted that the proce...

  6. Initiative des conseils subventionnaires de la recherche scientifique ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Initiative des conseils subventionnaires de la recherche scientifique : Renforcer les capacités de recherche. Cette initiative vise à renforcer les capacités des conseils subventionnaires de la recherche en Afrique de l'Est et dans d'autres pays choisis de l'Afrique subsaharienne. On entend ainsi contribuer au développement ...

  7. Initiative des conseils subventionnaires de la recherche scientifique ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    L'Initiative des conseils subventionnaires de la recherche scientifique en Afrique subsaharienne vise à renforcer les capacités des conseils subventionnaires de la recherche scientifique en Afrique subsaharienne pour soutenir la recherche et l'élaboration de politiques fondées sur des données probantes qui contribuent ...

  8. TEATRO MAYA: RABINAL ACHÍ O DANZA DEL TUN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Henríquez Puentes

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available El Rabinal Achí o Danza del Tun es teatro de origen maya puesto en escena desde el siglo XIII hasta nuestros días en la actual Guatemala. Es una composición inserta en el esquema religioso de las culturas mesoamericanas que, conservada a través de tradición oral hasta el siglo XIX, ha sido reescrita en este espacio escénico durante aproximadamente ochocientos años. El Rabinal Achí revela una forma de escribir con el cuerpo que articula danza, música y poesía, y representa ese momento en la historia del teatro en que el arte de la representación y rito compartían la misma escenaThe Rabinal Achí or Dance of the Tun is theatre of Mayan origen. The first performances date from the 13th century and continue into the present day in contemporary Guatemala. It is a composition that forms part of the religious scheme of the Indo-American cultures and, preserved through oral tradition up until the 19th century, has been rewritten in this scenic space for approximately eight hundred years. The Rabinal Achí reveals a way of writing with the body that articulates dance, music and poetry and represents a moment in the history of theatre in which the art of representation and the ritual share the same scene

  9. Onwuekwe, AI

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Onwuekwe, AI. Vol 3, No 1 (2009) - Articles The socio-cultural implications of African music and dance. Abstract PDF. ISSN: 2006-6910. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's Partners · Terms and Conditions of Use · Contact ...

  10. Le Conseil des gouverneurs | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le Conseil des gouverneurs guide le travail du CRDI en lui fournissant une orientation stratégique, en examinant ses activités et en approuvant ses budgets. Les gouverneurs – un maximum de 14 – sont nommés par le gouverneur en conseil du Canada pour un mandat d'au plus quatre ans, qui peut être reconduit. La Loi ...

  11. Initiative des conseils subventionnaires de la recherche scientifique ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    En réponse à ces défis, l'initiative des conseils subventionnaires de la recherche scientifique en Afrique subsaharienne cherche à renforcer les capacités des conseils subventionnaires de la recherche scientifique de façon à appuyer la recherche et l'élaboration de politiques fondées sur des données probantes qui ...

  12. 14th May 2009-CH-Conseil d’Etat d’Argovie et Conseil d’Etat de Genève visiting CMS underground area

    CERN Multimedia

    2009-01-01

    Visit of CMS underground experimental area with CMS Spokesperson, T. Virdee The delegation : Conseillers d’Etat argoviens M. Roland Brogli\tPrésident du Conseil d'Etat Chef du Département des Finances et des Ressources M. Urs Hofmann\tConseiller d'Etat Chef du Département de l'Economie et de l'Intérieur M. Alex Hürzeler\tConseiller d'Etat Chef du Département de la Formation, de la Culture et du Sport Dr Peter Grünenfelder\tChancelier du canton d'Argovie Conseillers d’Etat genevois M. David Hiler\tPrésident du Conseil d’Etat, Chef du Département des finances M. François Longchamps\tVice-président du Conseil d’Etat, Chef du département de la solidarité et de l’emploi M. Laurent Moutinot\tConseiller d'Etat, Chef du département des institutions M. Robert Cramer\tConseiller d'Etat, Chef du département du territoire M. Pierre-François Unger\tConseiller d'Etat, Chef du département de l'économie et de la santé M. Charles Beer\tConseiller d'Etat, Chef du département de l'instruction publique ...

  13. NASA technology transfer network communications and information system: TUNS user survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-01-01

    Applied Expertise surveyed the users of the deployed Technology Utilization Network System (TUNS) and surveyed prospective new users in order to gather background information for developing the Concept Document of the system that will upgrade and replace TUNS. Survey participants broadly agree that automated mechanisms for acquiring, managing, and disseminating new technology and spinoff benefits information can and should play an important role in meeting NASA technology utilization goals. However, TUNS does not meet this need for most users. The survey describes a number of systematic improvements that will make it easier to use the technology transfer mechanism, and thus expedite the collection and dissemination of technology information. The survey identified 26 suggestions for enhancing the technology transfer system and related processes.

  14. Soutien au Conseil arabe des sciences sociales | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Ce projet fournira un soutien institutionnel au nouveau Conseil arabe des sciences sociales (CASS) afin qu'il puisse réaliser un vaste programme de recherche. Le financement appuiera l'organisme en ce qui concerne sa mission, à savoir constituer un solide réseau de chercheurs en sciences sociales au Moyen-Orient et ...

  15. Le Conseil des gouverneurs | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2 nov. 2010 ... La gouvernance du CRDI. Reddition de comptes, transparence et efficacité. Au cours de l'exercice 2009–2010, le Conseil des gouverneurs du CRDI a adopté un nouveau cadre stratégique quinquennal, Le développement par l'innovation. Pendant de nombreux mois, les gouverneurs et les membres de la ...

  16. Conseils scientifiques efficaces pour les gouvernements des pays ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    occasions de fournir ou de recevoir des conseils scientifiques au sujet des enjeux stratégiques clés, et encore moins de structures en mesure d'intégrer ces connaissances aux processus décisionnels des gouvernements. C'est un obstacle majeur ...

  17. 25 years of the Conseil du Léman

    CERN Document Server

    2012-01-01

    On 30 June, the Conseil du Léman will celebrate its 25th anniversary. The Conseil, which comprises representatives of the French departments of Ain and Haute-Savoie and the Swiss cantons of Geneva, Vaud and Valais, was set up to promote cross-border cooperation in the Lake Geneva region.   To celebrate its quarter centenary, the Conseil will be holding a day of discussions and activities, including a round-table discussion in CERN’s Globe of Science and Innovation. You are cordially invited to participate in the round-table discussion, which will be led by prominent representatives of each of the Conseil’s five constituent authorities: Round-Table Discussion The Challenges of Cross-border Cooperation: A look back at the role of the Conseil du Léman over the past 25 years. Saturday, 30 June 9.30 am - 12.30 pm Globe of Science and Innovation During the afternoon, activities for the general public will be organised in the park of the Château de ...

  18. Renforcer conseils subventionnaires de la recherche scientifique d ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Les conseils subventionnaires de la recherche scientifique sont essentiels au financement et à la promotion de la recherche et de l'innovation, particulièrement dans les réseaux nationaux de recherche scientifique d'Afrique. Ils doivent avoir accès des indicateurs fiables pour suivre les progrès scientifiques et ...

  19. Quels dispositifs de conseil pour l’agriculture familiale marocaine ? Réflexions pour une démarche de conception des dispositifs de conseil.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick Dugué

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Dans le cadre de sa politique agricole actuelle structurée autour du Plan Maroc vert, L’Etat a engagé une réforme en profondeur du conseil agricole, service qui était essentiellement assuré par les Centres des Travaux et les Centres de Mise en Valeur. La Nouvelle Stratégie du Conseil Agricole prône d’associer aux services publics de conseil agricole des structures privées qui seront agréées par les pouvoirs publics. Sur la base de travaux de recherche et d’expertise, cet article aborde la diversification de l’offre de conseil (conseil technique mais aussi conseil de gestion pour les exploitations et les organisations professionnelles agricoles, conseil administratif et juridique, … et des publics cibles (chefs d’exploitations, les autres actifs familiaux, les responsables et salariés des organisations professionnelles agricoles, …. Il suggère de prendre en considération d’autres opérateurs actuels ou potentiels du conseil comme les agrofournisseurs, les organisations professionnelles agricoles bien structurées et les agro-industries. Au-delà de ces propositions, l’article aborde les principes d’une démarche générique de conception de dispositifs de conseil utile à tous les acteurs au niveau local, régional ou national.

  20. Post-synthesis modification of TUN zeolite: Textural, acidic and catalytic properties

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kubů, Martin; Žilková, Naděžda; Čejka, Jiří

    2011-01-01

    Roč. 168, č. 1 (2011), s. 63-70 ISSN 0920-5861 R&D Projects: GA ČR GD203/08/H032; GA ČR GAP106/11/0819 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40400503 Keywords : TUN * dealumination * desilication Subject RIV: CF - Physical ; Theoretical Chemistry Impact factor: 3.407, year: 2011

  1. Les bons conseils de la naissance à la maternelle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rourke, Leslie; Leduc, Denis; Constantin, Evelyn; Carsley, Sarah; Rourke, James; Li, Patricia

    2013-01-01

    Résumé Objectif Donner un aperçu de la version 2011 du Relevé postnatal Rourke (RPR), qui comporte aussi des nouveautés dans son site web et de nouvelles initiatives connexes et qui intègre les données des ouvrages scientifiques récents sur les soins de santé préventifs à l’intention des enfants de 0 à 5 ans. Qualité des données À l’instar des versions antérieures du RPR, la nouvelle édition présente des recommandations identifiées comme se fondant sur des preuves suffisantes, acceptables ou consensuelles, selon les classifications adoptées par le Groupe d’étude canadien sur les soins de santé préventifs en 2011. Message principal De nouveaux renseignements et des recommandations sont présentés concernant la surveillance de la croissance, la nutrition et la vaccination contre la varicelle, les pneumocoques, les méningocoques et le rotavirus. Il y a maintenant de bonnes données probantes en faveur de l’adaptation canadienne des courbes de croissance de l’Organisation mondiale de la Santé, du dépistage universel des problèmes d’audition chez le nouveau-né et du recours à des stratégies de réduction de la douleur liée à la vaccination. On a mis à jour les conseils anticipatoires concernant la sécurité durant le sommeil, la supervision de la santé des enfants en foyer d’accueil, le trouble du spectre de l’alcoolisation fœtale, les facteurs de risque nécessitant le dépistage du plomb et de l’anémie, les soins dentaires et la santé buccale. Parmi les nouvelles rubriques dans le site web du RPR, on peut mentionner une section présentant des ressources pour les parents, des modifications à l’intention de populations particulières, comme les personnes vivant au Nunavut, une version du RPR qui met en évidence en un coup d’œil les modifications à la version de 2009 et une expansion de la fonction d’exploration du RPR accompagnée des hyperliens connexes menant aux renseignements pertinents. On peut

  2. Conseiller juridique | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Fournit des conseils sur un large éventail de questions juridiques et commerciales susceptibles d'avoir une incidence sur les activités du CRDI en examinant tous les aspects, en déterminant les pratiques juridiques et de gestion du risque applicables et appropriées et en indiquant à la direction du Centre la meilleure ligne ...

  3. Conseiller principal en communications (h/f) | CRDI - Centre de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Résumé des fonctions Le conseiller principal en communications est chargé de la gestion des relations publiques de telecentre.org. Il est également responsable de l'élaboration et de la gestion des principales stratégies de communication et de mise en commun des connaissances, de même que des grandes stratégies ...

  4. Conseiller(ère) en communications | CRDI - Centre de recherches ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Les activités sont grandement axées sur les produits qui permettent de mener à bien le nouveau plan stratégique du CRDI au moyen d'un vaste éventail de canaux et de produits de communication, y compris les médias, les médias sociaux et le site Web. Donner des conseils éditoriaux et linguistiques à ses collègues et à ...

  5. Renforcer les partenariats entre les conseils subventionnaires de la ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Les conseils subventionnaires de la recherche scientifique sont essentiels au financement et à la promotion de la recherche et de l'innovation. Une récente étude de délimitation de la portée financée par le CRDI a souligné le rôle important qu'ils jouent dans les réseaux scientifiques nationaux en Afrique subsaharienne.

  6. L'Initiative des conseils subventionnaires de la recherche ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    18 déc. 2017 ... L'Initiative des conseils subventionnaires de la recherche scientifique en Afrique subsaharienne (IOSRS) a reçu un prix de la diplomatie scientifique de la part du gouvernement de l'Afrique du Sud lors de son forum sur les sciences de 2017, qui a eu lieu le 8 décembre à Pretoria. Les prix de la diplomatie ...

  7. La taille du conseil d'administration:déterminants et impact sur la performance

    OpenAIRE

    Laurence Godard

    2000-01-01

    Nous tentons de cerner les éléments qui interviennent dans le choix de la taille du conseil d'administration. Les résultats montrent que la stratégie, la structure de propriété et la taille de l'entreprise influent sur le nombre d'administrateurs. Dans un second temps, nous vérifions si la performance des entreprises dépend de la taille du conseil. L'étude empirique ne fait apparaître aucune différence de performance entre les entreprises ayant un conseil restreint et celles ayant un conseil ...

  8. Baseline for food waste generation - A case study in Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia cafeterias

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alias, A. R.; Mokhlis, N. A. Mohd; Zainun, N. Y.

    2017-11-01

    Increasing population and economy status have contributed to the increasing volume of solid wastes produced in Malaysia and it creates problems on the existing solid waste management system. Ineffective waste management system was one of the issues that often discussed. The purpose of this study was to suggest the best method for managing food waste in Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM) cafeterias. The scope of the study was to identify the type and quantity of waste generated in each cafeteria. The study area was carried out at six cafeteria in UTHM including residential college cafeteria which are Tun Dr. Ismail (TDI), Tun Fatimah (TF) and Tun Syed Nasir (TSN), G3’s cafeteria, Arked, and Dr. Munie’s cafeteria located at the Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering (FKAAS). In this study, food waste was quantified in unit of kilogram (kg). Results of the study showed that total food waste in selected UTHM’s cafeterias was 6197.5 kg for two months. Food waste generated in G3’s cafeteria was the highest value with 1823.5 kg among another cafeteria. This is due to strategic location for students and staff to take meals, the variety of food sold and reasonable price were major factors of generating food waste. Meanwhile, the Dr. Munie's Cafeteria located in FKAAS recorded the least total production of food waste as staffs and students take their meals at others cafeterias. Through literature review, there are list of methods on waste management were identified and composting method was suggested for food waste management in UTHM since the waste was produce in very large quantity.

  9. L'espace social du conseil dans les relations bancaires

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xavier Roux

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available L'usage croissant de la catégorie du conseil pour nommer un éventail très large d'activités professionnelles aujourd'hui, y compris dans le monde des professions intermédiaires, a généré un certain flou autour des réalités que cette catégorie désigne. Le cas étudié ici, celui des conseillers commerciaux d'une banque affectés à la clientèle des particuliers, illustre ce fait général et tente d'en explorer certaines conséquences. L'étude qualitative et quantitative de la réception par les clients de la référence au conseil promue par la banque, montre que ce flou radicalise les effets du monde social dans lequel les conseillers exercent sur la construction du sens de l'activité professionnelle par les divers acteurs concernés. Face à des chargés de clientèle nommés et présentés comme des « conseillers », les clients – envisagés ici dans leur capacité à légitimer ou à refuser la « définition de la situation » mise en avant par l'entreprise bancaire – semblent davantage susceptibles de jouer le jeu de la relation de conseil lorsqu'ils se situent eux-mêmes dans des positions sociales intermédiaires. Il semble par conséquent judicieux de parler, du côté des clients « particuliers », d'un espace social ou d'espaces sociaux de pertinence de la référence au conseil dans les relations bancaires. Ce résultat concerne à la fois les enjeux, symboliques, de la désignation de l'activité professionnelle et la genèse des décisions économiques prises par les clients.The social space of advice in bank-customer relationshipThe French word « conseil », which may refer both to consulting activities and to less prestigious or even non-professional advice, has been increasingly used as a name for various forms of work and occupations those past decades, including intermediate occupations and lower managerial and professional occupations. The meaning of the word has become, therefore

  10. Song Wen-ai

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy. Song Wen-ai. Articles written in Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy. Volume 38 Issue 2 June 2017 pp 21 Research Article. Classification of Stellar Spectra with Fuzzy Minimum Within-Class Support Vector Machine · Liu Zhong-bao Song Wen-ai Zhang Jing Zhao ...

  11. AI-PING ZHOU

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Pramana – Journal of Physics. AI-PING ZHOU. Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics. Volume 89 Issue 6 December 2017 pp 82 Research Article. Zakharov equations for viscous flow and their use in the blood clot formation · AI-PING ZHOU XIAO-QING LI · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.

  12. Une santé branchée sur la recherche : Perspectives du Conseil de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2001-10-09

    Une santé branchée sur la recherche : Perspectives du Conseil de la recherche en santé pour le développement. Couverture du livre Une santé branchée sur la recherche : Perspectives du Conseil de la recherche. Editor(s):. Victor Neufeld et Nancy Johnson. Publisher(s):. CRDI. October 9, 2001. ISBN: Épuisé. 260 pages.

  13. Une santé branchée sur la recherche : Perspectives du Conseil de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Une santé branchée sur la recherche : Perspectives du Conseil de la recherche en santé pour le développement. Couverture du livre Une santé branchée sur la recherche : Perspectives du Conseil de la recherche. Directeur(s) : Victor Neufeld et Nancy Johnson. Maison(s) d'édition : CRDI. 9 octobre 2001. ISBN : Épuisé.

  14. T'ai Chi

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... who practice it wear a martial arts training uniform. T'ai chi is usually practiced barefoot or ... health problem. Is your schedule jam-packed with school, work, and social activities? Here are a few ...

  15. Ai-Qin Li

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Biosciences. Ai-Qin Li. Articles written in Journal of Biosciences. Volume 34 Issue 2 June 2009 pp 227-238 Articles. Cloning and sequence analysis of putative type II fatty acid synthase genes from Arachis hypogaea L. Meng-Jun Li Ai-Qin Li Han Xia Chuan-Zhi Zhao Chang-Sheng Li Shu-Bo Wan ...

  16. MassAI

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2011-01-01

    A software tool for general analysis and data-mining of mass-spectrometric datasets. The program features a strong emphasis on scan-by-scan identification and results-transparency. MassAI also accommodates residue level analysis of labelled runs, e.g. HDX.......A software tool for general analysis and data-mining of mass-spectrometric datasets. The program features a strong emphasis on scan-by-scan identification and results-transparency. MassAI also accommodates residue level analysis of labelled runs, e.g. HDX....

  17. Areal Informations Systemet - AIS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, K.; Stjernholm, M.; Olsen, B. Ø.

    Forord: Denne rapport giver en kort beskrivelse af Areal Informations Systemet (AIS), som er et databasesystem med natur- og miljødata, som kan stedfæstes geografisk. Projektet er gennemført i perioden 1996-2000 som et samarbejdsprojekt mellem Danmarks Miljøundersøgelser (DMU), Danmarks og Grønla...

  18. Visit of the President of the Conseil Général of Haute-Savoie

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin

    2012-01-01

    On 23 October 2012, Christian Monteil, President of the Conseil Général of Haute-Savoie, visited CERN accompanied by a delegation of Departmental representatives and members of the Departmental services.   Christian Monteil, signing the official guest book. From left to right: Philippe Bloch (CERN), Frederick Bordry (CERN), Felicitas Pauss (CERN), Rolf Heuer (CERN Director-General), François Excoffier (Conseil Général, President of the Economy, Research and Higher Learning Commission), Christian Heison (Vice-President of the General Council, delegate for the economy and research – Department of Haute-Savoie representative to CERN) and Jean-Louis Mivel (Conseil Général, member of the Economy, Research and Higher Learning Commission). The Department of Haute-Savoie has been cooperating with CERN in the field of technology and knowledge transfer since 1996 in the form of finan...

  19. L'essor des métiers du conseil : dynamiques et tensions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-François Orianne

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available L'activité de conseil a longtemps constitué une fonction rare et éminente. Max Weber consacre quelques pages à cette figure emblématique du « conseiller (ou guide du prince » (Weber, 1963, p. 136, qui œuvre dans l'ombre de dirigeants politiques au sein des sphères du pouvoir empreintes de prestige. Ce numéro thématique de SociologieS, portant sur les métiers du conseil, rend compte d'une évidente démocratisation de cette activité. Le prince est désormais produit en série. Le plus irremplaça...

  20. Kebijakan Pemerintah Najib Tun Razak terhadap Fenomena Brain Drain dari Malaysia ke Singapura Tahun 2009-2013

    OpenAIRE

    Patmawati, Pipit; Rani, Faisyal

    2017-01-01

    Brain Drain is a Phenomenon the International migration of highly qualified persons, e.g. surgeons, physicians, scientists and engineers, from low income countries to more prosperous economies. Motive of migration brain drainer as the lack of better opportunities, upgrade of living conditions, goverment policies and better education system. This research aims to analyze the Malaysia's Brain Drainer to the Singapura since 2009-2013, analyse the policy Najib Tun Razak the phenomenon of brain dr...

  1. Sylvain Thine, Innover pour s’imposer. Consultants et conseil en nouvelles technologies

    OpenAIRE

    Boni-Le Goff, Isabel

    2016-01-01

    Qu’a produit l’introduction des nouvelles technologies dans la gestion des entreprises ? Quels rôles ont joués les consultants dans ce mouvement ? Quels ont été, en retour, les effets de ces innovations pour l’espace du conseil ? À partir d’une recherche doctorale qui articule différents travaux quantitatifs et des entretiens conduits dans un grand cabinet de conseil anglo-saxon, Sylvain Thine propose d’aborder ces questions en se concentrant sur une période allant du début des années 1990 au...

  2. AI and Mathematical Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angel Garrido

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available From ancient times, the history of human beings has developed by a succession of steps and sometimes jumps, until reaching the relative sophistication of the modern brain and culture. Researchers are attempting to create systems that mimic human thinking, understand speech, or beat the best human chess player. Understanding the mechanisms of intelligence, and creating intelligent artifacts are the twin goals of Artificial Intelligence (AI. Great mathematical minds have played a key role in AI in recent years; to name only a few: Janos Neumann (also known as John von Neumann, Konrad Zuse, Norbert Wiener, Claude E. Shannon, Alan M. Turing, Grigore Moisil, Lofti A. Zadeh, Ronald R. Yager, Michio Sugeno, Solomon Marcus, or Lászlo A. Barabási. Introducing the study of AI is not merely useful because of its capability for solving difficult problems, but also because of its mathematical nature. It prepares us to understand the current world, enabling us to act on the challenges of the future.

  3. Exploring Learners’ Mental Health Profile: A study in Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, M. F.; Lai, C. S.

    2017-08-01

    Mental health issue was a serious matter that was often neglected by people. This article will describe a study of the mental health profile among the learners of Malaysia Technical University (MTU) that focus on Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM). A survey using DASS-21 inventory and self-developed questionnaire was used for this study to investigate learners’ mental health level in three elements and factors contribute towards mental health. A total number of 450 students from seven faculties in UTHM was strata randomly selected as sampel for this study. The relationships between factors of mental health and the elements of mental health was identified. Collected data was analysed using percentage, mean score, standard deviation and multiple linear regression. Findings showed that majority of students possess normal level but the percentage of severe and extremely severe level was increasing. The main factor highly significantly correlate to all the mental health elements was self-evaluation. Hence, it is highly recommended that mental health issue needs great attention and remedial action from higher learning institution, non-governmental organizations, parents, students themselves and other concerned bodies.

  4. Determination of non-ionizing radiation dose in Tun Seri Lanang Library (PTSL), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nur Farhana Mohd Aisa

    2012-01-01

    Application of non-ionizing radiation in life is growing along with the technological developments. This study was conducted to measure and map the contours of non-ionizing radiation transmission station in Tun Seri Lanang Library, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. This study was conduct with the use of RF EMF Strength Meter. There was five base stations in the study area and six contours were mapped at each transmitter station and the distance of each contour are 5 meters and the distance between base stations and the final contour are 30 meters. There were eight points that were measure at every contour and every point was monitor three times at three different times; in the morning, afternoon and night for four weeks. This study has found that the reading of radiofrequency within the contour of the study was lower than the reading set by the Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission (MCMC), which is 0.14 % in the morning, 0.155 % in the evening and 0.159 % at night than the limit 450 x 10 4 μW/ m 2 . Previous studies showed that the reading of the radiofrequency is only 0.04 % than the limit value. Weather does not effect the frequency reading and the highest readings are in the evening where it is peak hours in the use of telecommunications equipment. In conclusion, the radio frequencies generated by the transmitting stations in the study area are not dangerous to the public who live or work near the area. (author)

  5. Mise en place de services de conseil et de dépistage volontaire du ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    intention des couples à Durban à des fins de prévention et d'intervention. Les couples hétérosexuels constituent le plus grand groupe à risque d'infection par le VIH en Afrique subsaharienne. Les services de conseil et de dépistage volontaire du ...

  6. AI in arbitrary world

    OpenAIRE

    Dobrev, Dimiter

    2012-01-01

    In order to build AI we have to create a program which copes well in an arbitrary world. In this paper we will restrict our attention on one concrete world, which represents the game Tick-Tack-Toe. This world is a very simple one but it is sufficiently complicated for our task because most people cannot manage with it. The main difficulty in this world is that the player cannot see the entire internal state of the world so he has to build a model in order to understand the world. The model wh...

  7. Analyse de l’impact du conseil d’administration sur la performance des banques conventionnelles Malaisiennes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jamel eddine Mkadmi

    2013-11-01

    Les résultats indiquent que la taille du conseil d’administration affecte négativement la performance des banques exprimée par le ROA. Par contre, l’indépendance des administrateurs et la dualité des rôles de directeur général et de président du conseil n’ont pas d’impact sur la performance des banques conventionnelles Malaisiennes.

  8. AI its nature and future

    CERN Document Server

    Boden, Margaret A

    2016-01-01

    least - on the Internet. Margaret Boden considers the realistic and unrealistic expectations we have placed on AI, analyses its progress, and considers the value of its byproducts. ations we have placed on AI, analyses its progress, and considers the value of its byproducts.

  9. Visite du Conseil des gouverneurs du CRDI en Afrique de l'Est ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    17 oct. 2017 ... ... développement des capacités des think tanks;; renforcement des systèmes de santé;; autonomisation économique des femmes;; adaptation aux changements climatiques et modélisation mathématique;; établissement de partenariats pour favoriser l'innovation. La délégation du Conseil, formée de Mary ...

  10. Conseiller financier, Gestion budgétaire et financière | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Résumé des fonctions Le conseiller financier est à la tête de l'équipe responsable des budgets et a donc d'importantes responsabilités en ce qui concerne la préparation annuelle du Programme des travaux et budget du Centre (xx centres de coûts dépensant au total quelque 190 millions de dollars en 2007-2008).

  11. Réseautage au sein des conseils subventionnaires de la recherche ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Les conseils subventionnaires de la recherche scientifique sont essentiels au financement et à la promotion de la recherche et de l'innovation. Une récente étude de délimitation de la portée financée par le CRDI a souligné le rôle important qu'ils jouent dans les réseaux scientifiques nationaux en Afrique subsaharienne.

  12. Renforcer les capacités de gestion de la recherche des conseils ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Les conseils subventionnaires de la recherche scientifique sont essentiels au financement et à la promotion de la recherche et de l'innovation. Une récente étude de délimitation de la portée financée par le CRDI a souligné le rôle important qu'ils jouent dans les réseaux scientifiques nationaux en Afrique subsaharienne.

  13. Conseiller des services de rémunération | CRDI - Centre de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    S'assurer que les représentants divisionnaires bénéficient de la formation adéquate au sujet de l'administration des congés et de la mise à jour continue du Guide d'administration des congés, suivant les besoins. Fournir aux employés et aux gestionnaires des conseils et une orientation en matière de relations de travail, ...

  14. Lettre ouverte au Président du Conseil du CERN

    CERN Document Server

    Association du personnel

    2010-01-01

    Genève, le 1er février 2010 Monsieur le Président, Les membres de la Caisse de pensions, actifs et pensionnés, sont à la fois très inquiets et indignés par la manière avec laquelle le Conseil traite la question, devenue alarmante, de l’équilibre de la Caisse. Dès 2004 en effet, l’étude actuarielle avait alerté le Conseil au sujet du déficit technique du régime et de l’insuffisance du financement de son plan de prestations. Le Conseil s’est alors contenté de mettre en place un mécanisme de sous indexation des pensions – arbitraire et discriminatoire dans la mesure où il ne fait appel qu’à la solidarité des pensionnés – et de décider une augmentation minime des contributions à la Caisse, une mesurette ...

  15. Code AI Personal Web Pages

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, Joseph A.; Smith, Charles A. (Technical Monitor)

    1998-01-01

    The document consists of a publicly available web site (george.arc.nasa.gov) for Joseph A. Garcia's personal web pages in the AI division. Only general information will be posted and no technical material. All the information is unclassified.

  16. Assessing the Impact of the Tunø Knob Wind Park on Sea Ducks : the Influence of Food Resources

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Guillemette, M.; Larsen, J. K.; Clausager, I.

    of food for sea ducks also increased in 1997-98 where the frequency of occurrence of most potential prey reached the level observed during the baseline year. The density of blue mussels, a preferred prey species, was 1,113 individuals m-2 in 1997-98 compared to 11,111 individuals m-2 during the baseline...... in the abundance and a change in the distribution of common eiders Somateria mollissima and common scoters Melanitta nigra. However, the observed decline in sea duck abundance occurred con-comitantly with a decline of benthic food supplies. We measured con-comitant food and common eider abundance for a fourth year...... at Tunø Knob to test the hypothesis that, if food abundance increases again, we should also observe an increase in duck abundance. The methods used in this study are similar to those applied in the aforementioned study. The results showed that the average number of common eiders increased considerably...

  17. CONSEIL D'ADMINISTRATION DE LA CAISSE DE PENSIONS - French version only

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    Le Conseil d'administration s'est réuni en date du 6 mai 2003. Cette réunion, la cent-seizième, a été consacrée essentiellement à deux présentations, la première par J-P. Matheys, Président du groupe de travail sur la question de l'ESO, qui a fait rapport sur la première réunion du groupe; la seconde par Guy Maurin, Président du Comité de placement, sur la séance tenue le 9 avril. J.-P. Matheys a rappelé que le Conseil d'administration de la Caisse avait été saisi d'une demande de l'ESO portant sur des changements que cette Organisation souhaite apporter aux modalités d'affiliation des membres de son personnel titulaires. Lors de la première réunion du Groupe de travail qui a été spécialement créé pour examiner cette demande, les membres du groupe sont tombés d'accord sur le fait que le groupe devait en priorité veiller à ce que la demande de l'ESO n'ait pas de répercussions financières ou légales pour la Caisse. Le Groupe s'est également rallié à l'opinion du Conseil d'admi...

  18. The Conseil Général of Haute-Savoie comes to CERN

    CERN Document Server

    2008-01-01

    On Tuesday, 27 May 2008, in the framework of cooperation between CERN and the French Department of Haute-Savoie, the new president of the Conseil Général of Haute-Savoie, Christian Monteil, visited CERN, accompanied by newly-elected Department representatives and officials. The Conseil Général of Haute-Savoie visited the CLIC-CTF3 site.The cooperation between CERN and Haute-Savoie, which dates back to 1996, concerns scientific activities and technology transfer. In his introductory remarks, CERN Director-General Robert Aymar stressed the importance that CERN attaches to good relations with the Department of Haute-Savoie. Then J.J. Blaising, Head of the PH Department and CERN’s liaison officer for Haute-Savoie, presented a short introduction to CERN, which was followed by a lively question-and-answer session underlining our guests’ interest in and curiosity about CERN. The visitors toured ATLAS, then went on to see a small exh...

  19. CASCADE: Introducing AI into CBT.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hendley, R. J.; Jurascheck, N.

    1992-01-01

    Discusses changes in training requirements of commerce and industry in the United Kingdom and describes a project, CASCADE, that was developed to investigate and implement the introduction of artificial intelligence (AI) techniques into computer-based training (CBT). An overview of pilot projects in higher education settings is provided. (eight…

  20. harnessing_ai_20180319.pptx

    OpenAIRE

    Johnson, Matthew

    2018-01-01

    There have been great strides made in Artificial Intelligence in recent years, but it is often not clear how to apply these recent advances to new problems. In this talk I propose one method of thinking about problems in the sciences and how to find the right AI techniques to aid in research.

  1. Terrorism as Communication in Gregor Schnitzler’s Was tun wenn’s brennt (2001) and Leander Scholz’s Rosenfest (2001)

    OpenAIRE

    Dillon, Sandra

    2011-01-01

    This essay explores the connection of terrorism to communication, specifically to illocutionary and perlocutionary acts in Gregor Schnitzler’s Was tun wenn’s brennt and Leander Scholz’s novel Rosenfest. One cannot deny that violence plays an important role in German narratives about terrorism; however, the main focus of the works analyzed here is communication, which the narrative structure, the role of the spectator or reader and the main characters within the novel illustrate.

  2. Le français du tourisme dans le contexte universitaire chinois : analyse comparative des besoins

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LI Lu

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Cette recherche vise à dévoiler la situation de l’enseignement du français du tourisme dans le contexte universitaire chinois. A travers une analyse des besoins, nous tâchons de vérifier si la formation actuelle correspond aux besoins des apprenants ainsi qu’à la demande du marché du travail. Des enquêtes ont été menées auprès d’étudiants, d’enseignants et de professionnels. Les résultats montrent que les publics se diversifient avec des besoins variés et que la rupture de l’ensei gnement avec le secteur professionnel est évidente. Trois propositions sont ainsi formulées en vue de fournir des conseils à l’amélioration et à l’innovation de la formation du français du tourisme dans les universités chinoises.

  3. Organisational intelligence and distributed AI

    OpenAIRE

    Kirn, Stefan

    1995-01-01

    The analysis of this chapter starts from organisational theory, and from this it draws conclusions for the design, and possible organisational applications, of Distributed AI systems. We first review how the concept of organisations has emerged from non-organised black-box entities to so-called computerised organisations. Within this context, organisational researchers have started to redesign their models of intelligent organisations with respect to the availability of advanced computing tec...

  4. Le Conseil du CERN s'est réuni à Genève (Suisse); Josef Rembser élu comme président du Conseil; le Prix Nobel Carlo Rubbia nommé prochain Directeur Général (1989-1993); La Commission Abragam présente son rapport

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Press Office. Geneva

    1987-01-01

    Le Conseil du CERN s'est réuni à Genève (Suisse); Josef Rembser élu comme président du Conseil; le Prix Nobel Carlo Rubbia nommé prochain Directeur Général (1989-1993); La Commission Abragam présente son rapport

  5. Ai

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The Department of Environment Affairs, in cooperation with EEASA, undertook a broad consultative process, a central feature of which was the recent Dikhololo Workshop (see Clacherty in this issue). The process led to the Environmental. Education Policy Initiative (EEPI), the purpose of which is to foster broad-based ...

  6. An SDR based AIS receiver for satellites

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Jesper Abildgaard; Mortensen, Hans Peter; Nielsen, Jens Frederik Dalsgaard

    2011-01-01

    For a few years now, there has been a high interest in monitoring the global ship traffic from space. A few satellite, capable of listening for ship borne AIS transponders have already been launched, and soon the AAUSAT3, carrying two different types of AIS receivers will also be launched. One...... of the AIS receivers onboard AAUSAT3 is an SDR based AIS receiver. This paper serves to describe the background of the AIS system, and how the SDR based receiver has been integrated into the AAUSAT3 satellite. Amongst some of the benefits of using an SDR based receiver is, that due to its versatility, new...

  7. Le conseil féminin dans les chroniques du règne de Ferdinand III

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Estelle MAINTIER-VERMOREL

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Dans le cadre d’une réflexion sur le conseil et les conseillers du roi, comment ne pas s’interroger sur le conseil féminin et les conseillères. En effet ce conseil existe bel et bien, et c’est ce que l’on s’attachera à prouver à la lumière de la lecture des chroniques de Luc de Tuy, Rodrigue de Tolède et Jean d’Osma, rédigées sous le règne de Ferdinand III. Le conseil féminin est bien présent, sous divers aspects, que ce soit celui d’une mère à son fils ou d’une femme à son époux ; ses domaines d’application sont étonnamment vastes, allant jusqu’à s’étendre aux affaires du royaume et au champ militaire. Toutefois, ces constatations ne doivent pas faire oublier les limites de ce conseil, qui est bien souvent un substitut à l’action et dont la légitimité reste contestée. Seules les reines réunissant certaines conditions, certaines vertus, peuvent prétendre au titre de conseillères, et encore y a-t-il un prix à payer pour que leurs conseils soient entendus, et ce prix est celui du dévouement à l’homme, dans l’oubli de leurs intérêts personnels.En el marco de una reflexión sobre el consejo y los consejeros del rey, cómo no interrogarse sobre el consejo femenino y las consejeras. Pues este consejo existe de verdad, y eso es lo que trataremos de mostrar a la luz de la lectura de las crónicas de Lucas de Túy, Rodrigo de Toledo y Juan de Osma, redactadas bajo el reinado de Fernando III. El consejo femenino está muy presente, bajo varios aspectos, con el consejo de una madre a su hijo, o el de una mujer a su esposo ; sus dominios de aplicación resultan sorprendentemente amplios y cubren hasta los asuntos del reino y el campo militar. Sin embargo, estas constataciones no deben hacer olvidar los límites de este consejo que sigue siendo a menudo un sustituto para la acción, y cuya legitimidad sigue discutida. Sólo las reinas capaces de reunir ciertas condiciones, ciertas virtudes

  8. Woman Friendly Mosque, Features and Facilities: A Case Study on Masjid Sultan Ibrahim, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suratkon, A.; Salam, N. N. Abd; Rahmat, M. H.; Arhan, A. S. Mohd; Wahab, I. Abd; Ghaffar, S. A.

    2017-12-01

    Mosque has gone through a long and complex development throughout the Muslim’s history which involved the interrelation between its functions and its design. During the process, many aspects of its design were reconfigured including the female facilities in the mosque. In Malaysia, there is a progressive movement to transform the roles and functions of the mosque from exclusive place for prayers and seclusion to a community center. Nevertheless, there are still a numbers of muslim women voices their frustration towards the facilities provided to them in the mosque. Indirectly, this has discourage participation of women in the mosque. The objective of this paper is to investigate the opinions and needs of muslim women in a mosque and to propose appropriate features and facilities for a female-friendly mosque. The study explored through a field observation and a set of questionnaires, which involves a case study of Masjid Sultan Ibrahim in Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia. The field observation was carried out to analyze its current conditions, facilities, design and features. On the other hand, a set of questionnaire was distributed to the women visitors who were mainly students and staffs as to get their insight on this issue. From the field observation and the survey distributed, it was clearly seen that the facilities provided for the female users were still not up to the standard of a ‘women-friendly mosque’. Some proposals were provided to improve on the current condition and to be taken into consideration by future designers in designing a mosque.

  9. Les déterminants de l'innovation dans les activités de conseil

    OpenAIRE

    Gallouj, FaÏz

    1994-01-01

    International audience; This paper analyses the determinants of innovation in consultancy services. It tries to link those determinants to the different types of innovation in consultancy activities. We enlarge traditional determination models in two ways : horizontally (we add new determinants) and vertically (we provide a more precise understanding of traditional determinants).; Cet article propose une analyse des déterminants de l'innovation dans les activités de conseil aux entreprises et...

  10. The Job of 'Conseiller info energie': Small Uncertain Hands of the French Energy Policies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cacciari, Joseph

    2016-01-01

    This article examines the diffusion of the 'green economy' from the Conseiller info energie job, created in 2002. These advisors direct individuals in their proposed purchase of renewable energy equipment or energy renovation of their homes, to promote the 'greening' of the housing sector. From the story and position of this activity, we support the green economy is caught in uncertainty as to its effective institutionalization

  11. Conseiller les actifs en transition sur le marché du travail

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Coralie Perez

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Le développement des services de conseil, d’orientation et d’accompagnement professionnel ne peut se comprendre indépendamment de la prise en compte des transformations affectant l’emploi et la protection sociale, et notamment de la diffusion de la doxa de l’activation. Ce champ professionnel est dynamique, créateur de nouvelles activités et, de ce fait, de nouveaux postes de conseillers auprès des salariés ou des demandeurs d’emploi ont été créés. L’accent est mis ici sur les conseillers en mobilité professionnelle des Fongecif, d’une part, et sur les « accompagnateurs » des opérateurs privés de placement, d’autre part. Ensemble, ils concourent à l’encadrement des actifs en transition sur le marché du travail.Guidance of people in transition on the labour market: the generalization of differentiated practicesFor the late 80’s, information, advice and guidance (IAG services has been growing in importance, not only for job seekers but for the workforce as a whole. This trend towards the rise of these services can not be understood without taking into account the transformations of employment policies and social welfare, and particularly the spreading of the activation doxa. Nowadays, IAG constitutes a professional field which is quite dynamic; new jobs of advisers/counsellors who support job seekers as well as workers in their career choices have been created. While these services are usually described for job seekers, this article sheds light on the similarities (as well as differences of IAG services for the workforce, assuming that a common rationale underlies their uses. Two types of providers are studied and compared: the ‘advisers of occupational mobility’ of the Fongecif (a mutual fund for demand-led training and counsellors form a private-for-profit providers specializing in job seeking. Together, they contribute to implement techniques of controlling people during their transitions on the labour

  12. Beyond AI: Artificial Dreams Conference

    CERN Document Server

    Zackova, Eva; Kelemen, Jozef; Beyond Artificial Intelligence : The Disappearing Human-Machine Divide

    2015-01-01

    This book is an edited collection of chapters based on the papers presented at the conference “Beyond AI: Artificial Dreams” held in Pilsen in November 2012. The aim of the conference was to question deep-rooted ideas of artificial intelligence and cast critical reflection on methods standing at its foundations.  Artificial Dreams epitomize our controversial quest for non-biological intelligence, and therefore the contributors of this book tried to fully exploit such a controversy in their respective chapters, which resulted in an interdisciplinary dialogue between experts from engineering, natural sciences and humanities.   While pursuing the Artificial Dreams, it has become clear that it is still more and more difficult to draw a clear divide between human and machine. And therefore this book tries to portrait such an image of what lies beyond artificial intelligence: we can see the disappearing human-machine divide, a very important phenomenon of nowadays technological society, the phenomenon which i...

  13. Les apports nutritionnels conseillés (ANC en protéines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patureau mirand Philippe

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available La définition d’apports conseillés en protéines repose sur l’analyse des besoins protéiques. Un ANC avec comme objectif mesuré le maintien de la masse des protéines corporelles, a été fixé à 0,8 g de protéines de bonne qualité par kg de poids et par jour. Toutefois le besoin protéique est beaucoup plus complexe en raison de la diversité de la nature des nutriments requis pour le satisfaire (azote, acides aminés, peptides, protéines et de la multiplicité de leurs fonctions. L’ANC en protéines intègre en grande partie cette diversité et constitue un repère simple qui permet de s’assurer globalement de la couverture des besoins protéiques d’une large population. Sa simplicité en limite cependant la pertinence pour des sous-populations ayant des besoins plus spécifiques.

  14. A propos des apports nutritionnels conseillés (ANC en lipides

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Legrand Philippe

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Les apports nutritionnels conseillés (ANC qui viennent d’être publiés sont le fruit d’un long travail collectif ayant impliqué près de cent auteurs [1]. En ce qui concerne les lipides, la commission était composée de cinq personnes : J.-M. Bourre, B. Descomps, G. Durand, S. Renaud et P. Legrand. Par rapport à l’édition antérieure (1992, il a été demandé de traiter non seulement les acides gras essentiels mais également les acides gras saturés, mono-insaturés, le cholestérol, etc., et la part des lipides dans l’apport calorique. En complément, une approche par groupe d’âge et/ou statut physiologique est également présentée (nouveau-né, femme enceinte ou allaitante, personne âgée. Sans être révolutionnaires, ces nouveaux ANC proposent plusieurs grandes orientations dictées par l’état des connaissances scientifiques.

  15. Le Conseil du personnel, prêt pour les défis de 2015

    CERN Multimedia

    Association du personnel

    2015-01-01

    Afin de remplir d’une façon optimale sa mission de représentant du personnel CERN auprès de la Direction et des États membres, le Conseil du personnel s’appuie sur le travail d’un certain nombre de Commissions, parmi lesquelles conditions d’emploi, pensions, thèmes juridiques, protection sociale, hygiène et sécurité, InFormAction (formation, information et actions). Toutes ces commissions travaillent dans le but de contribuer à l’amélioration les conditions d’emploi des membres du personnel CERN. En particulier, dans le cadre de la préparation de l’examen quinquennal qui se terminera en décembre 2015 (5YR 2015). Rappelons que l’objet d’un examen quinquennal est d’assurer que les conditions financières et sociales offertes par l’Organisation lui permettent d&...

  16. Health Care, capabilities and AI assistive technologies.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Coeckelbergh, Mark

    2009-01-01

    Scenarios involving the introduction of artificially intelligent (AI) assistive technologies in health care practices raise several ethical issues. In this paper, I discuss four objections to introducing AI assistive technologies in health care practices as replacements of human care. I analyse them

  17. Adaptive game AI with dynamic scripting

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spronck, P.; Ponsen, M.J.V.; Sprinkhuizen-Kuyper, I.G.; Postma, E.O.

    2006-01-01

    Online learning in commercial computer games allows computer-controlled opponents to adapt to the way the game is being played. As such it provides a mechanism to deal with weaknesses in the game AI, and to respond to changes in human player tactics.We argue that online learning of game AI should

  18. JGOMAS: New Approach to AI Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barella, A.; Valero, S.; Carrascosa, C.

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents a new environment for teaching practical work in AI subjects. The main purpose of this environment is to make AI techniques more appealing to students and to facilitate the use of the toolkits which are currently widely used in research and development. This new environment has a toolkit for developing and executing agents,…

  19. AI applications to conceptual aircraft design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chalfan, Kathryn M.

    1990-01-01

    This paper presents in viewgraph form several applications of artificial intelligence (AI) to the conceptual design of aircraft, including: an access manager for automated data management, AI techniques applied to optimization, and virtual reality for scientific visualization of the design prototype.

  20. Artificial intelligence. Fears of an AI pioneer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, Stuart; Bohannon, John

    2015-07-17

    From the enraged robots in the 1920 play R.U.R. to the homicidal computer H.A.L. in 2001: A Space Odyssey, science fiction writers have embraced the dark side of artificial intelligence (AI) ever since the concept entered our collective imagination. Sluggish progress in AI research, especially during the “AI winter” of the 1970s and 1980s, made such worries seem far-fetched. But recent breakthroughs in machine learning and vast improvements in computational power have brought a flood of research funding— and fresh concerns about where AI may lead us. One researcher now speaking up is Stuart Russell, a computer scientist at the University of California, Berkeley, who with Peter Norvig, director of research at Google, wrote the premier AI textbook, Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach, now in its third edition. Last year, Russell joined the Centre for the Study of Existential Risk at Cambridge University in the United Kingdom as an AI expert focusing on “risks that could lead to human extinction.” Among his chief concerns, which he aired at an April meeting in Geneva, Switzerland, run by the United Nations, is the danger of putting military drones and weaponry under the full control of AI systems. This interview has been edited for clarity and brevity.

  1. "All-In-One Test" (AI1)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Giacalone, Davide; Bredie, Wender Laurentius Petrus; Frøst, Michael Bom

    2013-01-01

    by the Check-All-That-Apply (CATA) technique is reported. In this exploratory "All-In-One Test"(AI1), subjects (N = 160) filled out a questionnaire with demographic and psychographic variables, and appropriateness ratings for specific sensory descriptors of beer. Subsequently, subjects gave hedonic ratings...... between appropriateness and actual hedonic response. Overall, the AI1 test provided interpretable results concerning consumer perception (sensory/hedonic) of the beers, and revealed relations with consumers' background information. Initial results with AI1 test show that it is an efficient and versatile...

  2. National AIS at 1 Minute Intervals

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — OCM plans to contract for AIS data per the following description. The United States Automatic Identification System Database contains vessel traffic data for...

  3. AI applications in sheet metal forming

    CERN Document Server

    Hussein, Hussein

    2017-01-01

    This book comprises chapters on research work done around the globe in the area of artificial intelligence (AI) applications in sheet metal forming. The first chapter offers an introduction to various AI techniques and sheet metal forming, while subsequent chapters describe traditional procedures/methods used in various sheet metal forming processes, and focus on the automation of those processes by means of AI techniques, such as KBS, ANN, GA, CBR, etc. Feature recognition and the manufacturability assessment of sheet metal parts, process planning, strip-layout design, selecting the type and size of die components, die modeling, and predicting die life are some of the most important aspects of sheet metal work. Traditionally, these activities are highly experience-based, tedious and time consuming. In response, researchers in several countries have applied various AI techniques to automate these activities, which are covered in this book. This book will be useful for engineers working in sheet metal industri...

  4. AIS Ship Traffic: Hawaii: 2011-2012

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Ship position data from a satellite-based Automatic Identification System (AIS) were obtained jointly by PacIOOS (J. Potemra), SOEST/ORE of the University of Hawaii...

  5. Research Directions for AI in Computer Games

    OpenAIRE

    Fairclough, Chris; Fagan, Michael; Cunningham, Padraig; Mac Namee, Brian

    2001-01-01

    The computer games industry is now bigger than the film industry. Until recently, technology in games was driven by a desire to achieve real-time, photo-realistic graphics. To a large extent, this has now been achieved. As game developers look for new and innovative technologies to drive games development, AI is coming to the fore. This paper will examine how sophisticated AI techniques, such as those being used in mainstream academic research, can be applied to computer games ...

  6. Learning game AI programming with Lua

    CERN Document Server

    Young, David

    2014-01-01

    If you are a game developer or a general programmer who wishes to focus on programming systems and techniques to build your game AI without creating low-level interfaces in a game engine, then this book is for you. Knowledge of C++ will come in handy to debug the entirety of the AI sandbox and expand on the features present within the book, but it is not required.

  7. French participation in the world energy council; Presence francaise au conseil mondial de l`energie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carouge, Ch. [Secretariat General du Conseil francais de l`Energie (France); Roussely, F.; Francony, M. [Electricite de France (EDF), 75 - Paris (France); Ailleret, F. [Conseil francais de l`Energie (France); Bosseboeuf, D.; Moisan, F. [ADEME, Agence de l`Environnement et de la Maitrise de l`Energie, 75 - Paris (France); Villaron, Th. [Conseil Mondial de l`Energie (France)

    1999-02-01

    The Revue de l`Energie is presenting the most influential French interventions at the 17. Congress of the World Energy Council held in September 1998 in Houston, (USA). These represent only part of French participation in the congress since a total of 16 individuals from France took part in the various sessions. Their presentations cover very varied topics and are one of the things that testify to the interest that our energy industries have in the works and operations of the WEC. Some other figures also bear witness to this interest: 184 French congress members, which is one of the largest delegations after that of the United States, the host country of the congress; 11 technical presentation, covering a wide range of subjects: from the nuclear reactor of the future to the use of bagasse (cane trash) for the production of electricity, from the underground storage of natural gas to the production of extra-heavy crude petroleum. The technical exhibition associated to the Congress was a great success and there again the French presence was able to make its mark: five exhibitors were gathered in the France of 600 m{sup 2}, the most sizeable non-American national area.But French participation in the work of the WEC is not limited to congresses. The French Energy Council [Conseil francais de l`Energie] is careful to ensure its presence both in the formal proceedings of the WEC and within the studies undertaken under its three-year programme. This active French presence is also essential in order to defend the official English-French bilingualism of the World Energy Council. In spite of the good will of the organizers and the support of the general secretary`s office in London, the Houston Congress showed how difficult it was to maintain the use of the French language on English-speaking territory. This is a difficult task, one that has to be undertaken anew each time, but one that France and other French-speaking nations have decided to pursue to the end. (authors)

  8. Health Information in French (français)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Bugs - français (French) MP3 Minnesota Department of Agriculture Benefits of Exercise Starting an Exercise Program - français (French) ... français (French) PDF American Cancer Society Blood Sugar Fasting Blood Sugar Test - français (French) Bilingual PDF Health ...

  9. Beyond AI: Interdisciplinary Aspects of Artificial Intelligence

    CERN Document Server

    Romportl, Jan; Zackova, Eva; Beyond Artificial Intelligence : Contemplations, Expectations, Applications

    2013-01-01

    Products of modern artificial intelligence (AI) have mostly been formed by the views, opinions and goals of the “insiders”, i.e. people usually with engineering background who are driven by the force that can be metaphorically described as the pursuit of the craft of Hephaestus. However, since the present-day technology allows for tighter and tighter mergence of the “natural” everyday human life with machines of immense complexity, the responsible reaction of the scientific community should be based on cautious reflection of what really lies beyond AI, i.e. on the frontiers where the tumultuous ever-growing and ever-changing cloud of AI touches the rest of the world.   The chapters of this boo are based on the selected subset of the presentations that were delivered by their respective authors at the conference “Beyond AI: Interdisciplinary Aspects of Artificial Intelligence” held in Pilsen in December 2011.   From its very definition, the reflection of the phenomena that lie beyond AI must be i...

  10. Strategic Team AI Path Plans: Probabilistic Pathfinding

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tng C. H. John

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes a novel method to generate strategic team AI pathfinding plans for computer games and simulations using probabilistic pathfinding. This method is inspired by genetic algorithms (Russell and Norvig, 2002, in that, a fitness function is used to test the quality of the path plans. The method generates high-quality path plans by eliminating the low-quality ones. The path plans are generated by probabilistic pathfinding, and the elimination is done by a fitness test of the path plans. This path plan generation method has the ability to generate variation or different high-quality paths, which is desired for games to increase replay values. This work is an extension of our earlier work on team AI: probabilistic pathfinding (John et al., 2006. We explore ways to combine probabilistic pathfinding and genetic algorithm to create a new method to generate strategic team AI pathfinding plans.

  11. AI, automation and the Flight Telerobotic Servicer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goforth, Andre; Dominy, Robert

    1988-01-01

    A NASA study for the preliminary definition of a teleoperated robotic device has been recently completed. The Fligt Telerobotic Servicer (FTS) will be used to assist astronauts in many of the on-board tasks of assembly, maintenance, servicing, and inspection of the Space Station. The role of artificial intelligence (AI) in furthering the FTS automation capabilities and, hence, extending its capacity for growth and evolution is discussed. Relevant system engineering issues are identified, and an approach for insertion of AI technology is presented in terms of the NASA/NBS Standard Reference Model control architecture NASREM.

  12. AI Researchers, Video Games Are Your Friends!

    OpenAIRE

    Togelius, Julian

    2016-01-01

    If you are an artificial intelligence researcher, you should look to video games as ideal testbeds for the work you do. If you are a video game developer, you should look to AI for the technology that makes completely new types of games possible. This chapter lays out the case for both of these propositions. It asks the question "what can video games do for AI", and discusses how in particular general video game playing is the ideal testbed for artificial general intelligence research. It the...

  13. L’Association du personnel, le TREF, le Comité des Finances et le Conseil du CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2016-01-01

    L’Association du personnel, forte de son approche participative et consensuelle, recherche toujours le meilleur accord possible pour l’Organisation et son personnel. Pour ce faire, discussions et concertation avec la Direction, travail d’explication et de persuasion au TREF et ailleurs auprès des délégués des États membres sont nos principaux atouts. TREF (Tripartite Employment Conditions Forum), un Forum d’échanges, de discussions « L’objectif du Forum est d’améliorer le processus de prise de décision  en donnant aux personnes concernées la possibilité et le temps de comprendre pleinement la position de tous les participants. » (CERN/RTG/8) Le Forum tripartite sur les conditions d’emploi (TREF), créé par le Conseil du CERN en juin 1994, est composé de r...

  14. Les métiers du conseil : une « profession consultante » ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-François Orianne

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Les métiers du conseil se développent, en Belgique, depuis une dizaine d’années, dans différents champs d’intervention publique. Leur apparition récente est directement liée à la mise en œuvre de nouvelles politiques publiques. Ce texte met en perspective deux de ces groupes professionnels : les conseillers en accompagnement professionnel du service public d’emploi et les conseillers pédagogiques dans le champ de l’enseignement. L’analyse comparative porte sur la genèse des groupes professionnels, sur les licences, mandats et identités professionnelles, ainsi que sur la spécificité du travail avec le public. Les auteurs montrent que ces nouveaux métiers du conseil se développent principalement sur le modèle de la profession consultante, au sein de laquelle le diagnostic et le traitement constituent les deux actes fondamentaux.Counseling occupations: a “consulting profession”?Since ten years counseling occupations are growing in various fields of public intervention in Belgium. Their recent emergence is directly related to the implementation of new public policies. This text puts two of these occupational groups into perspective: the counselor in vocational accompaniment from the public-service of employment and the education counselor in the field of teaching. The comparative analysis concerns the genesis of the occupational groups, the licenses, mandates and professional identities, as well as the specificity of their work with the public. The authors show that these new counseling occupations mainly develop on the model of the consulting profession, within which the diagnosis and the treatment constitute the two fundamental acts.El sector del asesoramiento profesional: modelo profesional del consultor?El sector del asesoramiento profesional se esta desarrollando, en Bélgica desde hace unos diez años, en distintas áreas de intervención pública. Esa reciente aparición está directamente ligada a la

  15. Tactical AI in Real Time Strategy Games

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-26

    reliability of a solution or even invalidate it. One of the most important things to keep in mind in the development of an AI algorithm is to ensure...15]. In this book Gladwell goes into detail on how some decisions are quickly made subconsciously using very little information. He goes further to

  16. The BSM-AI project: SUSY-AI-generalizing LHC limits on supersymmetry with machine learning

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Caron, Sascha [Radboud Universiteit, Institute for Mathematics, Astro- and Particle Physics IMAPP, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Nikhef, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Kim, Jong Soo [UAM/CSIC, Instituto de Fisica Teorica, Madrid (Spain); Rolbiecki, Krzysztof [UAM/CSIC, Instituto de Fisica Teorica, Madrid (Spain); University of Warsaw, Faculty of Physics, Warsaw (Poland); Ruiz de Austri, Roberto [IFIC-UV/CSIC, Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular, Valencia (Spain); Stienen, Bob [Radboud Universiteit, Institute for Mathematics, Astro- and Particle Physics IMAPP, Nijmegen (Netherlands)

    2017-04-15

    A key research question at the Large Hadron Collider is the test of models of new physics. Testing if a particular parameter set of such a model is excluded by LHC data is a challenge: it requires time consuming generation of scattering events, simulation of the detector response, event reconstruction, cross section calculations and analysis code to test against several hundred signal regions defined by the ATLAS and CMS experiments. In the BSM-AI project we approach this challenge with a new idea. A machine learning tool is devised to predict within a fraction of a millisecond if a model is excluded or not directly from the model parameters. A first example is SUSY-AI, trained on the phenomenological supersymmetric standard model (pMSSM). About 300, 000 pMSSM model sets - each tested against 200 signal regions by ATLAS - have been used to train and validate SUSY-AI. The code is currently able to reproduce the ATLAS exclusion regions in 19 dimensions with an accuracy of at least 93%. It has been validated further within the constrained MSSM and the minimal natural supersymmetric model, again showing high accuracy. SUSY-AI and its future BSM derivatives will help to solve the problem of recasting LHC results for any model of new physics. SUSY-AI can be downloaded from http://susyai.hepforge.org/. An on-line interface to the program for quick testing purposes can be found at http://www.susy-ai.org/. (orig.)

  17. The BSM-AI project: SUSY-AI-generalizing LHC limits on supersymmetry with machine learning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Caron, Sascha; Kim, Jong Soo; Rolbiecki, Krzysztof; Ruiz de Austri, Roberto; Stienen, Bob

    2017-01-01

    A key research question at the Large Hadron Collider is the test of models of new physics. Testing if a particular parameter set of such a model is excluded by LHC data is a challenge: it requires time consuming generation of scattering events, simulation of the detector response, event reconstruction, cross section calculations and analysis code to test against several hundred signal regions defined by the ATLAS and CMS experiments. In the BSM-AI project we approach this challenge with a new idea. A machine learning tool is devised to predict within a fraction of a millisecond if a model is excluded or not directly from the model parameters. A first example is SUSY-AI, trained on the phenomenological supersymmetric standard model (pMSSM). About 300, 000 pMSSM model sets - each tested against 200 signal regions by ATLAS - have been used to train and validate SUSY-AI. The code is currently able to reproduce the ATLAS exclusion regions in 19 dimensions with an accuracy of at least 93%. It has been validated further within the constrained MSSM and the minimal natural supersymmetric model, again showing high accuracy. SUSY-AI and its future BSM derivatives will help to solve the problem of recasting LHC results for any model of new physics. SUSY-AI can be downloaded from http://susyai.hepforge.org/. An on-line interface to the program for quick testing purposes can be found at http://www.susy-ai.org/. (orig.)

  18. The BSM-AI project: SUSY-AI-generalizing LHC limits on supersymmetry with machine learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caron, Sascha; Kim, Jong Soo; Rolbiecki, Krzysztof; de Austri, Roberto Ruiz; Stienen, Bob

    2017-04-01

    A key research question at the Large Hadron Collider is the test of models of new physics. Testing if a particular parameter set of such a model is excluded by LHC data is a challenge: it requires time consuming generation of scattering events, simulation of the detector response, event reconstruction, cross section calculations and analysis code to test against several hundred signal regions defined by the ATLAS and CMS experiments. In the BSM-AI project we approach this challenge with a new idea. A machine learning tool is devised to predict within a fraction of a millisecond if a model is excluded or not directly from the model parameters. A first example is SUSY-AI, trained on the phenomenological supersymmetric standard model (pMSSM). About 300, 000 pMSSM model sets - each tested against 200 signal regions by ATLAS - have been used to train and validate SUSY-AI. The code is currently able to reproduce the ATLAS exclusion regions in 19 dimensions with an accuracy of at least 93%. It has been validated further within the constrained MSSM and the minimal natural supersymmetric model, again showing high accuracy. SUSY-AI and its future BSM derivatives will help to solve the problem of recasting LHC results for any model of new physics. SUSY-AI can be downloaded from http://susyai.hepforge.org/. An on-line interface to the program for quick testing purposes can be found at http://www.susy-ai.org/.

  19. Level of Bus Performance Based On the Relationship Between Distance and Travel Time of Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM Bus Services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prasetijo Joewono

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available UTHM bus service is an important transport mode for most students at Universiti Tun Hussein Onn because it such primary public vehicle to support students movements around the campus, within and outside student apartments. This service is often associated with the quality of service in terms of time, stops and comforts. Therefore, this following study is focused on investigation on several UTHM bas routes which was based on bas operations such as distance and travel time/travel distance that would determine the level of service provided. Primary data were collected mainly to obtain information relate to speed, bas position, time movement/circulations of bus and time headway. These were obtained by installing GPS-Slute Gear i-trail along bus travels. In addition, additional data were collected by exploring previous studies regarding to the bus services such as Highway Capacity Manual (HCM 2010. The approach used was based on assessment of progress used to determine the level of quest service and such obstacle frequently occurs with results on bus delays, volume of unequal that can be overcome according to the assessments that have been provided.

  20. The Potential of AI Techniques for Remote Sensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Estes, J. E.; Sailer, C. T. (Principal Investigator); Tinney, L. R.

    1984-01-01

    The current status of artificial intelligence AI technology is discussed along with imagery data management, database interrogation, and decision making. Techniques adapted from the field of artificial intelligence (AI) have significant, wide ranging impacts upon computer-assisted remote sensing analysis. AI based techniques offer a powerful and fundamentally different approach to many remote sensing tasks. In addition to computer assisted analysis, AI techniques can also aid onboard spacecraft data processing and analysis and database access and query.

  1. Deploying Embodied AI into Virtual Worlds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burden, David J. H.

    The last two years have seen the start of commercial activity within virtual worlds. Unlike computer games where Non-Player-Character avatars are common, in most virtual worlds they are the exception — and until recently in Second Life they were non-existent. However there is real commercial scope for Als in these worlds — in roles from virtual sales staff and tutors to personal assistants. Deploying an embodied AI into a virtual world offers a unique opportunity to evaluate embodied Als, and to develop them within an environment where human and computer are on almost equal terms. This paper presents an architecture being used for the deployment of chatbot driven avatars within the Second Life virtual world, looks at the challenges of deploying an AI within such a virtual world, the possible implications for the Turing Test, and identifies research directions for the future.

  2. AI systems approach in particle accelerators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kataria, S.K.; Bhagwat, P.V.; Kori, S.A.

    1992-01-01

    The large particle accelerators machines like pelletron accelerator at Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (T.I.F.R) have several levels of controls with operators responsible for overall global control decisions and closed loop feedback controllers for relatively small subsystems of the machines. As the accelerator machines are becoming more complicated and the requirements more stringent, there is a need to provide the operators with an artificial intelligence (AI) system to aid in the tuning the machine and in failure diagnosis. There are few major areas in the pelletron operation, which can be done more efficiently using AI systems approach so that useful beam is available for much more time: 1) Accelerator Conditioning, 2) Accelerator Tuning, and 3) Maintaining the Tune beams. The feasibility study for using expert system for above areas and also for safety evaluation of the various subsystems is carried out. (author). 10 refs., 4 figs

  3. Dicty_cDB: FC-AI21 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FC (Link to library) FC-AI21 (Link to dictyBase) - - - Contig-U16254-1 FC-AI21Z (Li...nk to Original site) - - FC-AI21Z 696 - - - - Show FC-AI21 Library FC (Link to library) Clone ID FC-AI21 (Li.../dictycdb.biol.tsukuba.ac.jp/CSM/FC/FC-AI/FC-AI21Q.Seq.d/ Representative seq. ID FC-AI...21Z (Link to Original site) Representative DNA sequence >FC-AI21 (FC-AI21Q) /CSM/FC/FC-AI/FC-AI21Q.Seq....YPGYMYTDLSTIYERAGRIQGRNGSITQI PILTMPNDDITHPIPDLTGYITEGQIFIDRQINNRQIYPPINVLPSLSRLMKSAI

  4. Dicty_cDB: FC-AI05 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FC (Link to library) FC-AI05 (Link to dictyBase) - - - Contig-U15516-1 FC-AI05E (Li...nk to Original site) - - - - - - FC-AI05E 1189 Show FC-AI05 Library FC (Link to library) Clone ID FC-AI05 (L...//dictycdb.biol.tsukuba.ac.jp/CSM/FC/FC-AI/FC-AI05Q.Seq.d/ Representative seq. ID FC-AI...05E (Link to Original site) Representative DNA sequence >FC-AI05 (FC-AI05Q) /CSM/FC/FC-AI/FC-AI05Q.Seq...KIVGEASLKNKGKMSRVLAAKAALSARFD ALCEVSDTSYGIAYKGAVDRRAAAIEGREVRKSLNAVKPEKSGNVAKYDHTKSATTNTTR DVATKSSKESSIKQEKQ

  5. Dicty_cDB: FC-AI23 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FC (Link to library) FC-AI23 (Link to dictyBase) - - - Contig-U15308-1 FC-AI23Z (Li...nk to Original site) - - FC-AI23Z 603 - - - - Show FC-AI23 Library FC (Link to library) Clone ID FC-AI23 (Li.../dictycdb.biol.tsukuba.ac.jp/CSM/FC/FC-AI/FC-AI23Q.Seq.d/ Representative seq. ID FC-AI...23Z (Link to Original site) Representative DNA sequence >FC-AI23 (FC-AI23Q) /CSM/FC/FC-AI/FC-AI23Q.Seq....LNTLAKKNEQVVEGEILAKQLTGVTAEELSEFKACFSHFDKDN DNKLNRLEFSSCLKSIGDELTEEQLNQVISKIDTDGNGTISFEEFIDYMVSSRKGTDSVE STKAAFKVMAEDKDFITEAQIRAAI

  6. Dicty_cDB: FC-AI10 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FC (Link to library) FC-AI10 (Link to dictyBase) - - - Contig-U16270-1 FC-AI10F (Li...nk to Original site) FC-AI10F 405 - - - - - - Show FC-AI10 Library FC (Link to library) Clone ID FC-AI10 (Li.../dictycdb.biol.tsukuba.ac.jp/CSM/FC/FC-AI/FC-AI10Q.Seq.d/ Representative seq. ID FC-AI...10F (Link to Original site) Representative DNA sequence >FC-AI10 (FC-AI10Q) /CSM/FC/FC-AI/FC-AI10Q.Seq.... sequence RKKRKSDYTSFSTYIHKLLKQITPPTNAKSNEKGDRKFTISSKAMSVMNSFVHDIFDRIA TEASGLAKKKKRQTLHSRDIQVAVRIILTGELAXHAI

  7. Dicty_cDB: FC-AI11 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FC (Link to library) FC-AI11 (Link to dictyBase) - - - Contig-U15122-1 FC-AI11E (Li...nk to Original site) - - - - - - FC-AI11E 1040 Show FC-AI11 Library FC (Link to library) Clone ID FC-AI11 (L...//dictycdb.biol.tsukuba.ac.jp/CSM/FC/FC-AI/FC-AI11Q.Seq.d/ Representative seq. ID FC-AI...11E (Link to Original site) Representative DNA sequence >FC-AI11 (FC-AI11Q) /CSM/FC/FC-AI/FC-AI11Q.Seq...VLSPEIKKGSWDEAEEELLFQLVDKHGQSWKNVAIEIKTRTDIQCRYQYFKAI MSRQTEWNQLEDDILTKKIKLMTQNNEKISFQQVSKHLARAKTTKIPRTALECK

  8. Dicty_cDB: FC-AI04 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FC (Link to library) FC-AI04 (Link to dictyBase) - - - Contig-U15121-1 FC-AI04E (Li...nk to Original site) - - - - - - FC-AI04E 772 Show FC-AI04 Library FC (Link to library) Clone ID FC-AI04 (Li.../dictycdb.biol.tsukuba.ac.jp/CSM/FC/FC-AI/FC-AI04Q.Seq.d/ Representative seq. ID FC-AI...04E (Link to Original site) Representative DNA sequence >FC-AI04 (FC-AI04Q) /CSM/FC/FC-AI/FC-AI04Q.Seq....qvnkhqqvvtktvsd vlvphqvhnqvfphipqqmtlvnkhqpvvtktvsdvlvphqvhnqvfphtpqlkiqvylq vfqvvvvtiisai

  9. The AI Interdisciplinary Context: Single or Multiple Research Bases?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khawam, Yves J.

    1992-01-01

    This study used citation analysis to determine whether the disciplines contributing to the journal literature of artificial intelligence (AI)--philosophy, psychology, linguistics, computer science, and engineering--share a common AI research base. The idea that AI consists of a completely interdisciplinary endeavor was refuted. (MES)

  10. Why Don't Accounting Students like AIS?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vatanasakdakul, Savanid; Aoun, Chadi

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: The demand for Accounting Information Systems (AIS) knowledge has increased exponentially over the past two decades, but studying AIS has not proved easy for many accounting students. The aim of the study is to understand the challenges accounting students face in studying AIS through investigation of the factors which may be contributing…

  11. Session du Conseil du CERN : le ministre britannique, Robert Jackson, souligne l'intérêt de on pays pour l'avenir du CERN : décisions du Conseil pour la mise en oeuvre des recommandations du Comité d'évaluation du CERN: départ anticipé pour 200 membres au moins du personnel - mise à jour de la méthode de calcule pour les contributions des Etats Membres au budget

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Press Office. Geneva

    1988-01-01

    Session du Conseil du CERN : le ministre britannique, Robert Jackson, souligne l'intérêt de on pays pour l'avenir du CERN : décisions du Conseil pour la mise en oeuvre des recommandations du Comité d'évaluation du CERN: départ anticipé pour 200 membres au moins du personnel - mise à jour de la méthode de calcule pour les contributions des Etats Membres au budget

  12. Monitoring severe accidents using AI techniques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    No, Young Gyu; Ahn, Kwang Il; Kim, Ju Hyun; Na, Man Gyun; Lim, Dong Hyuk

    2012-01-01

    After the Fukushima nuclear accident in 2011, there has been increasing concern regarding severe accidents in nuclear facilities. Severe accident scenarios are difficult for operators to monitor and identify. Therefore, accurate prediction of a severe accident is important in order to manage it appropriately in the unfavorable conditions. In this study, artificial intelligence (AI) techniques, such as support vector classification (SVC), probabilistic neural network (PNN), group method of data handling (GMDH), and fuzzy neural network (FNN), were used to monitor the major transient scenarios of a severe accident caused by three different initiating events, the hot-leg loss of coolant accident (LOCA), the cold-leg LOCA, and the steam generator tube rupture in pressurized water reactors (PWRs). The SVC and PNN models were used for the event classification. The GMDH and FNN models were employed to accurately predict the important timing representing severe accident scenarios. In addition, in order to verify the proposed algorithm, data from a number of numerical simulations were required in order to train the AI techniques due to the shortage of real LOCA data. The data was acquired by performing simulations using the MAAP4 code. The prediction accuracy of the three types of initiating events was sufficiently high to predict severe accident scenarios. Therefore, the AI techniques can be applied successfully in the identification and monitoring of severe accident scenarios in real PWRs.

  13. Les conseillers financiers de La Banque Postale : entre les besoins du client et les intérêts de l’employeur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adeline Gilson

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Le métier de conseiller financier est traversé par une double prescription : vendre et conseiller. Face à cette injonction a priori contradictoire, les conseillers interprètent différemment leur rôle professionnel en situation de travail et mettent en place des stratégies pour remédier aux contraintes émanant autant de l’organisation que des clients.Financial advisers working at La Banque Postale in France: between customer needs and employer interestsThe financial adviser job deals with a dual instruction: selling and advising. Being faced with this requirement which seems contradictory, the financial advisers interpret in different ways their professional role in work and implement strategies to bear the pressure that both organization and customers put on them.Los asesores bancarios de la Banque Postale de Francia: entre las necesidades del cliente y los intereses del empleadorEl oficio de asesor bancario está atravesado por una doble prescripción: vender y aconsejar. Frente a este requerimiento en principio contradictoria, los asesores interpretan de maneras diferentes su rol profesional durante la situación de trabajo e implementan distintas estrategias para remediar las dificultades que emanan tanto de la organización como de los clientes.

  14. Dicty_cDB: FC-AI13 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FC (Link to library) FC-AI13 (Link to dictyBase) - - - Contig-U16263-1 FC-AI13F (Li...nk to Original site) FC-AI13F 507 - - - - - - Show FC-AI13 Library FC (Link to library) Clone ID FC-AI13 (Li.../dictycdb.biol.tsukuba.ac.jp/CSM/FC/FC-AI/FC-AI13Q.Seq.d/ Representative seq. ID FC-AI...13F (Link to Original site) Representative DNA sequence >FC-AI13 (FC-AI13Q) /CSM/FC/FC-AI/FC-AI13Q.Seq....nificant alignments: (bits) Value FC-AI13 (FC-AI13Q) /CSM/FC/FC-AI/FC-AI13Q.Seq.d/ 963 0.0 VSA730 (VSA730Q)

  15. Dicty_cDB: FC-AI01 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FC (Link to library) FC-AI01 (Link to dictyBase) - - - Contig-U15592-1 FC-AI01E (Li...nk to Original site) - - - - - - FC-AI01E 307 Show FC-AI01 Library FC (Link to library) Clone ID FC-AI01 (Li.../dictycdb.biol.tsukuba.ac.jp/CSM/FC/FC-AI/FC-AI01Q.Seq.d/ Representative seq. ID FC-AI...01E (Link to Original site) Representative DNA sequence >FC-AI01 (FC-AI01Q) /CSM/FC/FC-AI/FC-AI01Q.Seq....uences producing significant alignments: (bits) Value FC-AI01 (FC-AI01Q) /CSM/FC/FC-AI/FC-AI01Q.Seq.d/ 68 8e

  16. An Assessment of Public Transport Facility in Johor Bahru: a case study in Taman Ungku Tun Aminah Area, Majlis Perbandaran Johor Bahru Tengah, Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Musarrat Zaman

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Provision of public transport infrastructure is important to increase the ridership and at the same time decrease the use of private transport. Like the other Malaysian cities, Johor Bahru is mostly dependent on private vehicles such as motor cars and motor cycles. The ridership on public transport especially public bus is getting lower over the years. In this situation the sustainability in transportation and land use cannot be ensured. This paper aims to assess the public transport facility in Taman Ungku Tun Aminah in Johor Bahru which is very old and traditional residential area with some major extent of commercial and educational land uses. The actual scenario of public transport service and underlying problems that impeded the residents to use public bus service is observed in this paper. The possible options for the improvement of the bus service and turning it into an effective short and medium length inter town travel media are also discussed as well. Both the primary and secondary information are collected for the purpose of study. Various descriptive statistical data analysis are done in order to get the expected outcome from the collected data. According to this study only 26.7% of the respondents use public bus for their daily travel. The opinion of the respondents is taken for the underlying causes of their reluctance on using public bus service and also the effective measures for the enhancement of this service to the users like them. Finally some recommendations and strategic actions and policy frameworks are also suggested in this paper.

  17. Valur Ingimundarson (ritstjóri: Uppbrot hugmyndakerfis: Endurmótun íslenskrar utanríkisstefnu 1991-2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefanía Óskarsdóttir

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Í umsögn gagnrýnanda kemur meðal annars eftirfarandi fram: Haustið 2008 markar kaflaskil í umræðunni um íslensk utanríkismál. Af þessum atburðum hafa sumir dregið þá ályktun að nú sé brýnna en nokkru sinni áður að sækja um aðild að ESB til að tryggja Íslandi skjól gegn efnahagslegum sviptivindum en aðrir freista þess að velta upp nýjum möguleikum s.s. einhliða upptöku nýs gjaldmiðils eða annars konar svæðisbundnu samstarfi en ESB aðild býður upp á. Á næstu mánuðum verður tekist á um þessi sjónarmið. Þá skiptir miklu máli að umræðan sé vel upplýst og byggi á raunsæju mati á aðstæðum og framtíðarhorfum. Ritsafnið Uppbrot hugmyndakerfis: Endurmótun utanríkisstefnu 1991-2007, ... er þarft innlegg í þá umræðu.

  18. Developing Pokemon AI For Finding Comfortable Settings

    OpenAIRE

    Panumate, Chetprayoon; Iida, Hiroyuki

    2016-01-01

    This paper explores an innovative way to find a comfortable setting of video games. Pokemon is chosen as benchmark and game refinement measure is employed for the assessment. The number of Pokemon that one trainer can carry (i.e., setting with n=6) has never been changed after the first episode of Pokemon was released in 1996. Pokemon battle is simulated and various AIs are developed for the experiments. The results show that the original setting is the best for many players of various levels.

  19. Dissecting phenotypic variation among AIS patients

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang Minghua; Wang Jiucun; Zhang Zhen; Zhao Zhimin; Zhang Rongmei; Hu Xiaohua; Tan Tao; Luo Shijing; Luo Zewei

    2005-01-01

    We have created genital skin fibroblast cell lines directly from three patients in a Chinese family affected by androgen insensitivity syndrome (AIS). All patients in the family share an identical AR Arg 840 Cys mutant but show different disease phenotypes. By using the cell lines, we find that the mutation has not influenced a normal androgen-binding capacity at 37 deg C but has reduced the affinity for androgens and may cause thermolability of the androgen-receptor complex. The impaired nuclear trafficking of the androgen receptor in the cell lines is highly correlated with the severity of donors' disease phenotype. The transactivity of the mutant is substantially weakened and the extent of the reduced transactivity reflects severity of the donors' disease symptom. Our data reveal that although etiology of AIS is monogenic and the mutant may alter the major biological functions of its wild allele, the function of the mutant AR can also be influenced by the different genetic backgrounds and thus explains the divergent disease phenotypes

  20. AI Based Personal Learning Environments: Directions for Long Term Research. AI Memo 384.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldstein, Ira P.; Miller, Mark L.

    The application of artificial intelligence (AI) techniques to the design of personal learning environments is an enterprise of both theoretical and practical interest. In the short term, the process of developing and testing intelligent tutoring programs serves as a new experimental vehicle for exploring alternative cognitive and pedagogical…

  1. Humans and Machines in the Evolution of AI in Korea

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Byoung-Tak

    2016-01-01

    Artificial intelligence in Korea is currently prospering. The media is regularly reporting AI-enabled products such as smart advisors, personal robots, autonomous cars, and human-level intelligence machines. The IT industry is investing in deep learning and AI to maintain the global competitive edge in their services and products. The Ministry of Science, ICT, and Future Planning (MSIP) has launched new funding programs in AI and cognitive science to implement the government’s newly adopted e...

  2. Risk Reducing Effect of AIS Implementation on Collision Risk

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lützen, Marie; Friis-Hansen, Peter

    2003-01-01

    . The risk reducing effect of AIS is quantified by building a Bayesian network facilitating an evaluation of the effect of AIS on the navigational officer?s reaction ability in a potential, critical collision situation. The time-dependent change in the risk reducing effect on ship collisions is analysed...... that the risk reducing effect on the collision risk of implementing AIS on a vessel will be approximately 55 % and independent of the bridge type....

  3. Little AI: Playing a constructivist robot

    Science.gov (United States)

    Georgeon, Olivier L.

    Little AI is a pedagogical game aimed at presenting the founding concepts of constructivist learning and developmental Artificial Intelligence. It primarily targets students in computer science and cognitive science but it can also interest the general public curious about these topics. It requires no particular scientific background; even children can find it entertaining. Professors can use it as a pedagogical resource in class or in online courses. The player presses buttons to control a simulated "baby robot". The player cannot see the robot and its environment, and initially ignores the effects of the commands. The only information received by the player is feedback from the player's commands. The player must learn, at the same time, the functioning of the robot's body and the structure of the environment from patterns in the stream of commands and feedback. We argue that this situation is analogous to how infants engage in early-stage developmental learning (e.g., Piaget (1937), [1]).

  4. Human Frontal Lobes and AI Planning Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levinson, Richard; Lum, Henry Jr. (Technical Monitor)

    1994-01-01

    Human frontal lobes are essential for maintaining a self-regulating balance between predictive and reactive behavior. This paper describes a system that integrates prediction and reaction based on neuropsychological theories of frontal lobe function. In addition to enhancing our understanding of deliberate action in humans' the model is being used to develop and evaluate the same properties in machines. First, the paper presents some background neuropsychology in order to set a general context. The role of frontal lobes is then presented by summarizing three theories which formed the basis for this work. The components of an artificial frontal lobe are then discussed from both neuropsychological and AI perspectives. The paper concludes by discussing issues and methods for evaluating systems that integrate planning and reaction.

  5. Application of AIS Technology to Forest Mapping

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yool, S. R.; Star, J. L.

    1985-01-01

    Concerns about environmental effects of large scale deforestation have prompted efforts to map forests over large areas using various remote sensing data and image processing techniques. Basic research on the spectral characteristics of forest vegetation are required to form a basis for development of new techniques, and for image interpretation. Examination of LANDSAT data and image processing algorithms over a portion of boreal forest have demonstrated the complexity of relations between the various expressions of forest canopies, environmental variability, and the relative capacities of different image processing algorithms to achieve high classification accuracies under these conditions. Airborne Imaging Spectrometer (AIS) data may in part provide the means to interpret the responses of standard data and techniques to the vegetation based on its relatively high spectral resolution.

  6. AI And Early Vision - Part II

    Science.gov (United States)

    Julesz, Bela

    1989-08-01

    A quarter of a century ago I introduced two paradigms into psychology which in the intervening years have had a direct impact on the psychobiology of early vision and an indirect one on artificial intelligence (AI or machine vision). The first, the computer-generated random-dot stereogram (RDS) paradigm (Julesz, 1960) at its very inception posed a strategic question both for AI and neurophysiology. The finding that stereoscopic depth perception (stereopsis) is possible without the many enigmatic cues of monocular form recognition - as assumed previously - demonstrated that stereopsis with its basic problem of finding matches between corresponding random aggregates of dots in the left and right visual fields became ripe for modeling. Indeed, the binocular matching problem of stereopsis opened up an entire field of study, eventually leading to the computational models of David Marr (1982) and his coworkers. The fusion of RDS had an even greater impact on neurophysiologists - including Hubel and Wiesel (1962) - who realized that stereopsis must occur at an early stage, and can be studied easier than form perception. This insight recently culminated in the studies by Gian Poggio (1984) who found binocular-disparity - tuned neurons in the input stage to the visual cortex (layer IVB in V1) in the monkey that were selectively triggered by dynamic RDS. Thus the first paradigm led to a strategic insight: that with stereoscopic vision there is no camouflage, and as such was advantageous for our primate ancestors to evolve the cortical machinery of stereoscopic vision to capture camouflaged prey (insects) at a standstill. Amazingly, although stereopsis evolved relatively late in primates, it captured the very input stages of the visual cortex. (For a detailed review, see Julesz, 1986a)

  7. Dicty_cDB: FC-AI17 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FC (Link to library) FC-AI17 (Link to dictyBase) - - - Contig-U15690-1 FC-AI17P (Li...nk to Original site) FC-AI17F 587 FC-AI17Z 626 FC-AI17P 1212 - - Show FC-AI17 Library FC (Link to library) Clone ID FC-AI...nal site URL http://dictycdb.biol.tsukuba.ac.jp/CSM/FC/FC-AI/FC-AI17Q.Seq.d/ Representative seq. ID FC-AI...17P (Link to Original site) Representative DNA sequence >FC-AI17 (FC-AI17Q) /CSM/FC/FC-AI/FC-AI...slated Amino Acid sequence ANIATVGDFLKADTVVPKMIITYNKRKQGTDYLKAVIGPILSNVIKQELNLELKPNLVYA AIISEQEIRTGEKSTLDRNV

  8. Dicty_cDB: FC-AI18 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FC (Link to library) FC-AI18 (Link to dictyBase) - - - Contig-U15590-1 FC-AI18P (Li...nk to Original site) FC-AI18F 621 FC-AI18Z 703 FC-AI18P 1324 - - Show FC-AI18 Library FC (Link to library) Clone ID FC-AI...nal site URL http://dictycdb.biol.tsukuba.ac.jp/CSM/FC/FC-AI/FC-AI18Q.Seq.d/ Representative seq. ID FC-AI...18P (Link to Original site) Representative DNA sequence >FC-AI18 (FC-AI18Q) /CSM/FC/FC-AI/FC-AI...AVWPLIPGYERA DGEKQYPVAAMLCNFTKPTPTTPSLLTHDEVVTFFHEFGHVMHNMSTKVHYSMFSGTSVE RDFVECPSQLFEFWCWNKDVLVNKLSGHXKDHSKKLPTDLVERMIAAKNLNVAI

  9. Dicty_cDB: FC-AI02 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FC (Link to library) FC-AI02 (Link to dictyBase) - - - Contig-U16513-1 FC-AI02E (Li...nk to Original site) - - - - - - FC-AI02E 535 Show FC-AI02 Library FC (Link to library) Clone ID FC-AI02 (Li.../dictycdb.biol.tsukuba.ac.jp/CSM/FC/FC-AI/FC-AI02Q.Seq.d/ Representative seq. ID FC-AI...02E (Link to Original site) Representative DNA sequence >FC-AI02 (FC-AI02Q) /CSM/FC/FC-AI/FC-AI02Q.Seq....ogy vs CSM-cDNA Score E Sequences producing significant alignments: (bits) Value FC-AI02 (FC-AI

  10. Dicty_cDB: FC-AI03 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FC (Link to library) FC-AI03 (Link to dictyBase) - - - Contig-U15833-1 FC-AI03P (Li...nk to Original site) FC-AI03F 690 FC-AI03Z 651 FC-AI03P 1341 - - Show FC-AI03 Library FC (Link to library) Clone ID FC-AI...nal site URL http://dictycdb.biol.tsukuba.ac.jp/CSM/FC/FC-AI/FC-AI03Q.Seq.d/ Representative seq. ID FC-AI...03P (Link to Original site) Representative DNA sequence >FC-AI03 (FC-AI03Q) /CSM/FC/FC-AI/FC-AI...li*l*ivtlskv*qswyqvfcslmrftcwi*nv fht*ivhwsqhwhql*flqpivaiv*skapitifnlhmaslwif*ivl*sfvpfhiitmk sfkfspfvpqlki

  11. The Conseil d'Etat ruling to the dispute about the report from the 9. Chamber of Dispute Section - No. 370321. Regulated tariffs for the supply of natural gas - The Conseil d'Etat judges that the continuation of regulated tariffs for the supply of natural gas is contrary to E.U. law

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lignereux, Bastien; Nicolazo de Barmon, Marie-Astrid

    2017-07-01

    The National Association of energy retailer operators (ANODE) brought proceedings to the Conseil d'Etat arguing that the decree of 16 May 2013 regarding regulated tariffs for the supply of natural gas was 'ultra vires'. The ANODE submitted that this tariff regulation breached European Union Law. Applying the findings of the preliminary ruling of 7 September 2016 given in this matter by the European Court of Justice, the Conseil d'Etat, in today's decision, annulled the decree of 16 May 2013 on the grounds that the imposition of a natural gas tariff regulation infringed European Union Law. In light of the great uncertainty that would affect contracts signed by millions of consumers as a result of such an annulment, and with regard to the necessity to prevent the legal insecurity that would ensue, the Conseil d'Etat has judged, exceptionally, that the past effects of this decree, which ceased to apply on 1 January 2016, must nevertheless be regarded as irrevocable

  12. Vincent PETITET (2007), Enchantement et domination : le management de la docilité dans les organisations, analyse d’un cabinet de conseil

    OpenAIRE

    Guyot, Brigitte

    2013-01-01

    Cet ouvrage s’inscrit dans une approche communicationnelle de l’organisation, en analysant tous les dispositifs qui concourent à normaliser les comportements relationnels des consultants d’un grand cabinet de conseil étatsunien (Merton) implanté dans le monde entier. Pour ce faire, l’auteur décortique les mécaniques discursives, comportementales, relationnelles et managériales qui forgent un cadre normatif qui ne dit pas son nom, mais dont la puissance irrigue toute l’entreprise. Il invite so...

  13. Ada in AI or AI in Ada. On developing a rationale for integration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collard, Philippe E.; Goforth, Andre

    1988-01-01

    The use of Ada as an Artificial Intelligence (AI) language is gaining interest in the NASA Community, i.e., by parties who have a need to deploy Knowledge Based-Systems (KBS) compatible with the use of Ada as the software standard for the Space Station. A fair number of KBS and pseudo-KBS implementations in Ada exist today. Currently, no widely used guidelines exist to compare and evaluate these with one another. The lack of guidelines illustrates a fundamental problem inherent in trying to compare and evaluate implementations of any sort in languages that are procedural or imperative in style, such as Ada, with those in languages that are functional in style, such as Lisp. Discussed are the strengths and weakness of using Ada as an AI language and a preliminary analysis provided of factors needed for the development of criteria for the integration of these two families of languages and the environments in which they are implemented. The intent for developing such criteria is to have a logical rationale that may be used to guide the development of Ada tools and methodology to support KBS requirements, and to identify those AI technology components that may most readily and effectively be deployed in Ada.

  14. the Lexique kikongo–français by

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Gilles-Maurice de Schryver

    français by the Jesuit missionary Charles Polis, is analysed in great detail. Section 1 expounds on the goal and ... dictionary manuscript for Kikongo: the Lexique kikongo–français by Charles Polis. s.j. (1885–†1943). .... Inkisi River, and all but one (Leverville, the present Lusanga) are close to that river, which thus strongly ...

  15. An Immune Agent for Web-Based AI Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gong, Tao; Cai, Zixing

    2006-01-01

    To overcome weakness and faults of a web-based e-learning course such as Artificial Intelligence (AI), an immune agent was proposed, simulating a natural immune mechanism against a virus. The immune agent was built on the multi-dimension education agent model and immune algorithm. The web-based AI course was comprised of many files, such as HTML…

  16. Integrating the Wall Street Journal into AIS Courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohlmeyer, James M., III

    2008-01-01

    While it is important for accounting information systems (AIS) students to understand computer technology, internal controls and business processes, such knowledge is of little use without reference to appropriate contexts. Integrating Wall Street Journal (WSJ) readings and discussions into AIS classes can enrich learning by stimulating…

  17. Constraints associated with the use of Artificial Insemination (AI) and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In conclusion, attaining of high pregnancy rates and lowering of service costs would contribute to adoption of AI by smallholder dairy farmers because they attach a higher value to an AI-calf compared to one from NS. For successful intervention in addressing identified constraints, further studies are needed to find out ...

  18. Ai Weiwei - 21. sajandi märter? / Tanel Veenre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veenre, Tanel, 1977-

    2011-01-01

    Hiina kunstniku, inimõiguslase ja teisitimõtleja Ai Weiwei elust, õpingutest, loomingust ja tegevusest. Hiinas kunstniku tagakiusamisest, arreteerimisest, maksupettuses süüdistamisest jm. Kunstniku toetajatest. Inglise kunstileht Art Review valis Ai Weiwei 2011. a. kõige mõjuvõimsamaks kunstitegelaseks

  19. Brosimacutins A-I, nine new flavonoids from Brosimum acutifolium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takashima, Junko; Ohsaki, Ayumi

    2002-12-01

    Nine new flavonoids, brosimacutins A-I (1-9), and four known flavonoids were isolated from the bark of Brosimum acutifolium, a Brazilian folk medicine ("Mururé"). Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods, including 2D NMR. Brosimacutins A-I possess differentially functionalized isoprene units at C-8.

  20. Data of evolutionary structure change: 1AIFB-2AI0K [Confc[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ignment> 0 n> 1AIF n>B 1AI... CA 272 n> 2AI0 n>K ...n>2AI0Kn> VAHPASSTKVD EEE EEEE...1AIFB-2AI0K 1AIF 2AI0 B K EVKLQESGGGLVQPGGSMKLSCVASGFTFNNYWMSWVRQ...SCAASGFTFRNYGMSWVRQTPEKRLEWVAAIS--GNSLYTSYPDSVKGRFTISRDNAKNNLYLQMSSLRSEDTALYFCARH

  1. Little AI: Playing a constructivist robot

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olivier L. Georgeon

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Little AI is a pedagogical game aimed at presenting the founding concepts of constructivist learning and developmental Artificial Intelligence. It primarily targets students in computer science and cognitive science but it can also interest the general public curious about these topics. It requires no particular scientific background; even children can find it entertaining. Professors can use it as a pedagogical resource in class or in online courses. The player presses buttons to control a simulated “baby robot”. The player cannot see the robot and its environment, and initially ignores the effects of the commands. The only information received by the player is feedback from the player’s commands. The player must learn, at the same time, the functioning of the robot’s body and the structure of the environment from patterns in the stream of commands and feedback. We argue that this situation is analogous to how infants engage in early-stage developmental learning (e.g., Piaget (1937, [1].

  2. Comments on the Lambert case: the rulings of the French Conseil d'État and the European Court of Human Rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Veshi, Denard

    2017-06-01

    This study examines the decisions of the French Conseil d'Etat (Supreme Administrative Court) and the European Court of Human Rights in the Lambert case concerning the withdrawal of life-sustaining treatments. After presenting the facts of this case, the main legal question will be analyzed from an ethical and medical standpoint. The decisions of the Conseil d'État and then of the European Court of Human Rights are studied from a comparative legal perspective. This commentary focuses on the autonomous will of an unconscious patient and on the judicial interpretation of the right to life as recognized in article 2 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Furthermore, it medically classifies artificial nutrition and hydration (ANH) as a "treatment" which has ethical and legal implications. While the majority of the bioethical community considers ANH a medical treatment, a minority argues that ANH is basic care. This classification is ambiguous and has conflicting legal interpretations. In the conclusion, the author highlights how a French lawmaker in February 2016, finally clarified the status of ANH as a medical treatment which reconciled the different values at stake.

  3. 2 EME SEMINAIRE ANNUEL DU CONSEIL FRANÇAIS DE LA FINANCE ISLAMIQUE « LA FINANCE ISLAMIQUE DE L'ADAPTATION A L'INNOVATION » ORGANISE A PARIS DU 8 AU 9 OCTOBRE 2010

    OpenAIRE

    de la Finance Islamique, 2 ème séminaire annuel du Conseil Français

    2011-01-01

    La finance Islamique connaît un développement florissant qui suscite beaucoup d’intérêt dans le monde et plus particulièrement en Europe, amenant de nombreux pays à s'interroger sur les opportunités réelles d'intégration de cette finance qui se dit alternative, aux côtés des activités conventionnelles. La France, très en retard par rapport à d'autres pays comme l'Allemagne, la Grande Bretagne ou encore les Etats Unis, se heurte à des obstacles d'ordres techniques, légaux et politiques. C’est ...

  4. June Council - DG presentation to personnel / Conseil de juin - présentation de la DG au personnel

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN. Geneva

    2017-01-01

    Please note that the DG presentation will be transmitted also in the following rooms: Council Chamber - 503-1-001 IT Amphitheatre - 31-3-004 Kjell Johnsen Auditorium - 30-7-018 Prevessin 864-1-B04 Simultaneous interpreting into French and English will be available in the Main Auditorium. Une interprétation simultanée en français et en anglais sera disponible dans l'amphithéâtre principal.  

  5. Dicty_cDB: FC-AI24 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FC (Link to library) FC-AI24 (Link to dictyBase) - - - - FC-AI24Z (Link to Original site) - - FC-AI...24Z 693 - - - - Show FC-AI24 Library FC (Link to library) Clone ID FC-AI24 (Link to dictyBas...e) Atlas ID - NBRP ID - dictyBase ID - Link to Contig - Original site URL http://dictycdb.biol.tsukuba.ac.jp/CSM/FC/FC-AI/FC-AI...24Q.Seq.d/ Representative seq. ID FC-AI24Z (Link to Original s...ite) Representative DNA sequence >FC-AI24 (FC-AI24Q) /CSM/FC/FC-AI/FC-AI24Q.Seq.d/ XXXXXXXXXXAAATTAGAAAACAAA

  6. Dicty_cDB: FC-AI09 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FC (Link to library) FC-AI09 (Link to dictyBase) - - - Contig-U16149-1 FC-AI09Z (Li...nk to Original site) - - FC-AI09Z 591 - - - - Show FC-AI09 Library FC (Link to library) Clone ID FC-AI09 (Li.../dictycdb.biol.tsukuba.ac.jp/CSM/FC/FC-AI/FC-AI09Q.Seq.d/ Representative seq. ID FC-AI...09Z (Link to Original site) Representative DNA sequence >FC-AI09 (FC-AI09Q) /CSM/FC/FC-AI/FC-AI09Q.Seq....*tkl ik*ilifykiknnkkkkkk Frame B: ---gt*kvpeflailfkrmasrsvlwy*rcltkakkglkapqtltik

  7. Dicty_cDB: FC-AI08 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FC (Link to library) FC-AI08 (Link to dictyBase) - G01729 DDB0233148 Contig-U14939-1 FC-AI...08P (Link to Original site) FC-AI08F 654 FC-AI08Z 563 FC-AI08P 1217 - - Show FC-AI08 Library FC (Link... to library) Clone ID FC-AI08 (Link to dictyBase) Atlas ID - NBRP ID G01729 dictyBase ID DDB0233148 Link to ...Contig Contig-U14939-1 Original site URL http://dictycdb.biol.tsukuba.ac.jp/CSM/FC/FC-AI/FC-AI...08Q.Seq.d/ Representative seq. ID FC-AI08P (Link to Original site) Representative DNA sequence >FC-AI08 (FC-AI

  8. Dicty_cDB: FC-AI14 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FC (Link to library) FC-AI14 (Link to dictyBase) - - - Contig-U16280-1 FC-AI14Z (Li...nk to Original site) - - FC-AI14Z 671 - - - - Show FC-AI14 Library FC (Link to library) Clone ID FC-AI14 (Li.../dictycdb.biol.tsukuba.ac.jp/CSM/FC/FC-AI/FC-AI14Q.Seq.d/ Representative seq. ID FC-AI...14Z (Link to Original site) Representative DNA sequence >FC-AI14 (FC-AI14Q) /CSM/FC/FC-AI/FC-AI14Q.Seq....nqrllv*lvvlskklqllnsnqsfkfkkvq rmkknsvkntkn*rfvllt*nlkslkrmpksknsptkliifilkly Frame B: ---lkdl*krtphl*stcfhhptlcssrrfclwslnai

  9. Dicty_cDB: FC-AI15 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FC (Link to library) FC-AI15 (Link to dictyBase) - G01730 DDB0214993 Contig-U15123-1 FC-AI...15E (Link to Original site) - - - - - - FC-AI15E 856 Show FC-AI15 Library FC (Link to library) Clone ID FC-AI...3-1 Original site URL http://dictycdb.biol.tsukuba.ac.jp/CSM/FC/FC-AI/FC-AI15Q.Se...q.d/ Representative seq. ID FC-AI15E (Link to Original site) Representative DNA sequence >FC-AI15 (FC-AI15Q) /CSM/FC/FC-AI/FC-AI...AAAAAAAATA sequence update 1996.12.24 Translated Amino Acid sequence kt*riyi*KMMIKYITIAILFIASLVKADLQFSLCPTCV

  10. Dicty_cDB: FC-AI07 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FC (Link to library) FC-AI07 (Link to dictyBase) - - - Contig-U15296-1 | Contig-U15756-1 FC-AI...07P (Link to Original site) FC-AI07F 580 FC-AI07Z 723 FC-AI07P 1303 - - Show FC-AI07 Library FC (...Link to library) Clone ID FC-AI07 (Link to dictyBase) Atlas ID - NBRP ID - dictyBase ID - Link to Contig Con...tig-U15296-1 | Contig-U15756-1 Original site URL http://dictycdb.biol.tsukuba.ac.jp/CSM/FC/FC-AI/FC-AI...07Q.Seq.d/ Representative seq. ID FC-AI07P (Link to Original site) Representative DNA sequence >FC-AI07 (FC-AI

  11. Dicty_cDB: FC-AI19 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FC (Link to library) FC-AI19 (Link to dictyBase) - - - Contig-U15115-1 FC-AI19Z (Li...nk to Original site) - - FC-AI19Z 661 - - - - Show FC-AI19 Library FC (Link to library) Clone ID FC-AI19 (Li.../dictycdb.biol.tsukuba.ac.jp/CSM/FC/FC-AI/FC-AI19Q.Seq.d/ Representative seq. ID FC-AI...19Z (Link to Original site) Representative DNA sequence >FC-AI19 (FC-AI19Q) /CSM/FC/FC-AI/FC-AI19Q.Seq....lmrqswvkkiesi*lvl krrkkkknnkkkkkkkkkkklfn*lvnkkn*ik*kkllcnqkk Frame B: ---*ekaieilsklfsin*kfn**ysiiigkkstkyq

  12. Dicty_cDB: FC-AI06 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FC (Link to library) FC-AI06 (Link to dictyBase) - - - Contig-U16465-1 FC-AI06E (Li...nk to Original site) - - - - - - FC-AI06E 1138 Show FC-AI06 Library FC (Link to library) Clone ID FC-AI06 (L...//dictycdb.biol.tsukuba.ac.jp/CSM/FC/FC-AI/FC-AI06Q.Seq.d/ Representative seq. ID FC-AI...06E (Link to Original site) Representative DNA sequence >FC-AI06 (FC-AI06Q) /CSM/FC/FC-AI/FC-AI06Q.Seq...FGRGIDIERVNVVINYDMAESADTYLHRVGRAGRFGTK GLAISFVPSKEDPVLEQVQSKFVVSIKELVATPDPSTYMSG*kkkkkkkknlfvlksikk k*kkk*in

  13. Dicty_cDB: FC-AI12 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FC (Link to library) FC-AI12 (Link to dictyBase) - - - Contig-U15484-1 FC-AI12Z (Li...nk to Original site) - - FC-AI12Z 614 - - - - Show FC-AI12 Library FC (Link to library) Clone ID FC-AI12 (Li.../dictycdb.biol.tsukuba.ac.jp/CSM/FC/FC-AI/FC-AI12Q.Seq.d/ Representative seq. ID FC-AI...12Z (Link to Original site) Representative DNA sequence >FC-AI12 (FC-AI12Q) /CSM/FC/FC-AI/FC-AI12Q.Seq....EKIVRRI ELLDGITCYRNEKAKDEIVLTGNSLELLSQSCATIQLRSAIKYKDVRKFLDGIYVSERNV LESN*in*riys

  14. Dicty_cDB: FC-AI22 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FC (Link to library) FC-AI22 (Link to dictyBase) - - - Contig-U15369-1 | Contig-U15732-1 FC-AI...22P (Link to Original site) FC-AI22F 583 FC-AI22Z 683 FC-AI22P 1266 - - Show FC-AI22 Library FC (...Link to library) Clone ID FC-AI22 (Link to dictyBase) Atlas ID - NBRP ID - dictyBase ID - Link to Contig Con...tig-U15369-1 | Contig-U15732-1 Original site URL http://dictycdb.biol.tsukuba.ac.jp/CSM/FC/FC-AI/FC-AI...22Q.Seq.d/ Representative seq. ID FC-AI22P (Link to Original site) Representative DNA sequence >FC-AI22 (FC-AI

  15. Personnel et conseillers

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    est maître de conférences en droit à l'Université Soa de Yaounde, au Cameroun. Elle a été directrice des politiques et stratégies pour le bureau de programme régional d'Afrique équatoriale du Fonds mondial pour la nature et agente de programme spécialiste de la biodiversité et du NEPAD pour le PNUE. Izabella Koziell.

  16. Expanding the Possibilities of AIS Data with Heuristics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bjørnar Brende Smestad

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Automatic Identification System (AIS is primarily used as a tracking system for ships, but with the launch of satellites to collect these data, new and previously untested possibilities are emerging. This paper presents the development of heuristics for establishing the specific ship type using information retrieved from AIS data alone. These heuristics expand the possibilities of AIS data, as the specific ship type is vital for several transportation research cases, such as emission analyses of ship traffic and studies on slow steaming. The presented method for developing heuristics can be used for a wider range of vessels. These heuristics may form the basis of large-scale studies on ship traffic using AIS data when it is not feasible or desirable to use commercial ship data registers.

  17. 4th June: AIS and NICE/MAIL unique authentication

    CERN Multimedia

    AIS and NICE teams

    2007-01-01

    Over the past few years, the IT department has been in the process of streamlining CERN users' access to all central computing services. The long term goal is to converge on a unique computer account, which will increase computer security and simplify account maintenance. The next step of this process will occur on 4th June 2007, as of when authenticating on the AIS applications (EDH, HRT, CET, APT, ERT, CRA, Foundation, ...) and on NICE (Windows) and MAIL will be done using the same username and password. As a reminder, this account can also be used on EDMS, INDICO, CDS and SIMBA. So starting on 4th June 2007, authentication on the AIS applications must be done using your AIS username and your MAIL/NICE password. Thanks for your understanding, The AIS and NICE teams

  18. 4th June: AIS and NICE/MAIL unique authentication

    CERN Multimedia

    The AIS and NICE teams

    2007-01-01

    Over the past few years, the IT department has been in the process of streamlining CERN users' access to all central computing services. The long term goal is to converge on a unique computer account, which will increase computer security and simplify account maintenance. The next step of this process will occur on the 4th June 2007, as of when authenticating on the AIS applications (EDH, HRT, CET, APT, ERT, CRA, Foundation, ...) and on NICE (Windows) and MAIL will be done using the same username and password. As a reminder, this account can also be used on EDMS, INDICO, CDS and SIMBA. Thus starting on the 4th June 2007, authentication on the AIS applications must be done using your AIS username and your MAIL/NICE password. Thanks for your understanding, The AIS and NICE teams

  19. Recent progresses on AI-2 bacterial quorum sensing inhibitors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Peng; Li, Minyong

    2012-01-01

    Quorum sensing (QS) is a communication procedure that predominates gene expression in response to cell density and fluctuations in the neighboring environment as a result of discerning molecules termed autoinducers (AIs). It has been embroiled that QS can govern bacterial behaviors such as the secretion of virulence factors, biofilm formation, bioluminescence production, conjugation, sporulation and swarming motility. Autoinducer 2 (AI-2), a QS signaling molecule brought up to be involved in interspecies communication, exists in both gram-negative and -positive bacteria. Therefore, novel approaches to interrupt AI-2 quorum sensing are being recognized as next generation antimicrobials. In the present review article, we summarized recent progresses on AI-2 bacterial quorum sensing inhibitors and discussed their potential as the antibacterial agents.

  20. Liquid Robotics Wave Glider, Honey Badger (G3), 2015, AIS

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Liquid Robotics Wave Glider, Honey Badger (G3), 2015, AIS. The MAGI mission is to use the Wave Glider to sample the late summer chlorophyll bloom that develops near...

  1. Helping AI to Play Hearthstone: AAIA'17 Data Mining Challenge

    OpenAIRE

    Janusz, Andrzej; Świechowski, Maciej; Tajmajer, Tomasz

    2017-01-01

    This paper summarizes the AAIA'17 Data Mining Challenge: Helping AI to Play Hearthstone which was held between March 23, and May 15, 2017 at the Knowledge Pit platform. We briefly describe the scope and background of this competition in the context of a more general project related to the development of an AI engine for video games, called Grail. We also discuss the outcomes of this challenge and demonstrate how predictive models for the assessment of player's winning chances can be utilized ...

  2. NASA space station automation: AI-based technology review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Firschein, O.; Georgeff, M. P.; Park, W.; Neumann, P.; Kautz, W. H.; Levitt, K. N.; Rom, R. J.; Poggio, A. A.

    1985-01-01

    Research and Development projects in automation for the Space Station are discussed. Artificial Intelligence (AI) based automation technologies are planned to enhance crew safety through reduced need for EVA, increase crew productivity through the reduction of routine operations, increase space station autonomy, and augment space station capability through the use of teleoperation and robotics. AI technology will also be developed for the servicing of satellites at the Space Station, system monitoring and diagnosis, space manufacturing, and the assembly of large space structures.

  3. AI, Native Supercomputing and The Revival of Moore's Law

    OpenAIRE

    Lu, Chien-Ping

    2017-01-01

    Based on Alan Turing's proposition on AI and computing machinery, which shaped Computing as we know it today, the new AI computing machinery should comprise a universal computer and a universal learning machine. The later should understand linear algebra natively to overcome the slowdown of Moore's law. In such a universal learnig machine, a computing unit does not need to keep the legacy of a universal computing core. The data can be distributed to the computing units, and the results can be...

  4. It Takes Two to Tango: Towards Theory of AI's Mind

    OpenAIRE

    Chandrasekaran, Arjun; Yadav, Deshraj; Chattopadhyay, Prithvijit; Prabhu, Viraj; Parikh, Devi

    2017-01-01

    Theory of Mind is the ability to attribute mental states (beliefs, intents, knowledge, perspectives, etc.) to others and recognize that these mental states may differ from one's own. Theory of Mind is critical to effective communication and to teams demonstrating higher collective performance. To effectively leverage the progress in Artificial Intelligence (AI) to make our lives more productive, it is important for humans and AI to work well together in a team. Traditionally, there has been m...

  5. GENOMIQUE ET NUTRITION HUMAINE Biodisponibilité des acides gras et apports nutritionnels conseillés

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Combe Nicole

    2002-03-01

    Full Text Available Les recommandations en terme d’apports en lipides évoluent en même temps que la connaissance de leurs effets sur la santé. La troisième édition des apports nutritionnels conseillés (ANC, pour la population française, a été publiée en 2001. L’examen de l’état des lieux, au travers de diverses données récentes d’enquêtes alimentaires, permet de souligner les écarts importants par rapport aux ANC. Il y a lieu de diminuer la consommation d’acides gras saturés [de 18 à 8% de l’apport énergétique total quotidien (AETQ] et d’augmenter celle des acides gras monoinsaturés (de 15 à 20%. Il ressort également que l’apport en 18:3 n-3 est insuffisant (0,3% au lieu de 0,8% AETQ recommandé. Les stratégies à envisager pour optimiser l’apport en acides gras polyinsaturés doivent prendre en compte un certain nombre de critères, dont celui de leur biodisponibilité. Il est rappelé que la biodisponibilité d’un acide gras ne dépend pas uniquement de sa teneur au sein des triglycérides ingérés mais également de sa répartition entre les positions interne (sn2 et externes (sn1 + sn3 du squelette glycérol. À partir de corps gras « structurés » ou « inter-estérifiés », des études ont montré que l’athérogénicité de l’acide palmitique est plus importante lorsqu’il est situé en position sn2 des triglycérides alimentaires. C’est en effet cette position qui, d’une part, lui assure le coefficient d’absorption intestinale maximum et, d’autre part lui permet de se maintenir à cette même position dans les lipides plasmatiques, ce qui contribuerait à augmenter son pouvoir athérogène. S’agissant des acides gras insaturés, la biodisponibilité de l’acide linoléique comme précurseur d’acides gras essentiels serait corrélée à ses proportions en sn2 dans les triglycérides; celle des acides gras polyinsaturés à longue chaîne est fonction de leur digestibilité qui est m

  6. AIS Data Visualization for Maritime Spatial Planning (MSP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michele Fiorini

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The constant increase in marine traffic and the simultaneous growth of the demand for exploiting marine areas (e.g., installing offshore wind power plants require an adequate planning strategy for managing high traffic volumes. Maritime Spatial Planning (MSP is the process of public development of an allocation plan for distributing, both spatially and temporally, human activities in marine areas. The adoption of e-Navigation is a possible solution for improving safety and security at sea by integrating maritime information on board and ashore. Automatic Identification System (AIS data represents a fundamental source of information, since the analysis of AIS data can highlight the presence of congested areas as well as of illegal actions, such as smuggling, pollution, and unauthorized phishing in protected areas. Indeed, those activities are often characterized by abnormal manoeuvres that can be recognized by analyzing the routes of the vessels. However, the huge dimension of the AIS data to process requires the adoption of careful strategies for the data visualization. In this paper, we present a complete pipeline for visualizing ship routes from raw AIS data, which is a fundamental pre-requisite for carrying out a significant AIS-based route analysis, and describe a real case study, where 90 million AIS records, corresponding to one month of world-wide observations, are visualized using only open-source software.

  7. AI-2 of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans Inhibits Candida albicans Biofilm Formation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Endang W. Bachtiar

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, a Gram-negative bacterium, and Candida albicans, a polymorphic fungus, are both commensals of the oral cavity but both are opportunistic pathogens that can cause oral diseases. A. actinomycetemcomitans produces a quorum-sensing molecule called autoinducer-2 (AI-2, synthesized by LuxS, that plays an important role in expression of virulence factors, in intra- but also in interspecies communication. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of AI-2 based signaling in the interactions between C. albicans and A. actinomycetemcomitans. A. actinomycetemcomitans adhered to C. albicans and inhibited biofilm formation by means of a molecule that was secreted during growth. C. albicans biofilm formation increased significantly when co-cultured with A. actinomycetemcomitans luxS, lacking AI-2 production. Addition of wild-type-derived spent medium or synthetic AI-2 to spent medium of the luxS strain, restored inhibition of C. albicans biofilm formation to wild-type levels. Addition of synthetic AI-2 significantly inhibited hypha formation of C. albicans possibly explaining the inhibition of biofilm formation. AI-2 of A. actinomycetemcomitans is synthesized by LuxS, accumulates during growth and inhibits C. albicans hypha- and biofilm formation. Identifying the molecular mechanisms underlying the interaction between bacteria and fungi may provide important insight into the balance within complex oral microbial communities.

  8. Application of AI methods to aircraft guidance and control

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hueschen, Richard M.; Mcmanus, John W.

    1988-01-01

    A research program for integrating artificial intelligence (AI) techniques with tools and methods used for aircraft flight control system design, development, and implementation is discussed. The application of the AI methods for the development and implementation of the logic software which operates with the control mode panel (CMP) of an aircraft is presented. The CMP is the pilot control panel for the automatic flight control system of a commercial-type research aircraft of Langley Research Center's Advanced Transport Operating Systems (ATOPS) program. A mouse-driven color-display emulation of the CMP, which was developed with AI methods and used to test the AI software logic implementation, is discussed. The operation of the CMP was enhanced with the addition of a display which was quickly developed with AI methods. The display advises the pilot of conditions not satisfied when a mode does not arm or engage. The implementation of the CMP software logic has shown that the time required to develop, implement, and modify software systems can be significantly reduced with the use of the AI methods.

  9. Analysis of received AIS data from a LEO Cubesat

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Jesper Abildgaard; Mortensen, Hans Peter; Tausen, Mathias

    2014-01-01

    using their AIS broadcast signals as an indication of position by means of a simple dipole antenna. The SDR based receiver used on board the satellite is using a single chip front-end solution, which downconverts the AIS signal located around 162 MHz to an intermediate frequency at 200 kHz. This I....../Q signal is sampled with a 750 kSPS A/D converter and further processed by an Analog De- vices DSP. The algorithm first analyses the stream to identify possible AIS transmissions on the two different AIS channels. If likely transmissions are identified, the center frequency of the transmission is estimated...... of the satellite was to perform a feasibility study about the possibility of detecting AIS signals from a 1U cubesat in LEO. However, soon after launch it was found, that the AIS receiver performed very well and an improved algorithm which samples and decodes real-time was developed and uploaded to the satellite...

  10. LE CONCEPT DE CONTROLE DE GESTION CREATIF ILLUSTRATION PAR UNE RECHERCHE-INTERVENTION DANS UN CABINET D'AUDIT ET DE CONSEIL

    OpenAIRE

    Djamel Khouatra; Laurent Cappelletti

    2001-01-01

    International audience; Cette communication présente le concept de contrôle de gestion créatif à partir d'une étude de cas consistant en une recherche-intervention conduite de 1999 à 2000 dans un cabinet d'audit et de conseil. L'hypothèse centrale est qu'il est possible de développer un contrôle de gestion qui soit un processus créatif permettant au contrôleur de remplir sa mission traditionnelle de réduction des coûts, mais également de contribuer au développement des activités et à l'accroi...

  11. Spécificités cognitives des conseils d’administration et performance des entreprises : Etude empirique sur les entreprises du CAC 40.

    OpenAIRE

    Houda Ghaya; Gilles Lambert

    2010-01-01

    L’approche contractuelle de la gouvernance a largement été le support des études menées sur le conseil d’administration (CA). Les résultats de ces recherches sont en général contradictoires et peu concluants. Malgré son apport pour expliquer les limites de l’approche dominante, peu d’études ont été réalisées pour analyser l’efficacité du CA par l’approche cognitive. L’objectif de notre étude est d’analyser l’impact des spécificités cognitives des CA des grandes entreprises françaises sur la p...

  12. Del posto dialettometrico che spetta ai punti galloitalici Aidone, Sperlinga e San Fratello nel sistema della rete dell'AIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hans Goebl

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available La rete dell’atlante italo-svizzero AIS comprende sette isole linguistiche tra cui tre sono di natu- ra alloglotta (relative cioè al greco ed all’albanese mentre cinque sono di origine romanza. In tre delle isole linguistiche romanze, tutte ubicate in Sicilia, si parlano ancora dialetti galloitalici: si tratta delle località di Aidone (P.-AIS 865, San Fratello (P.-AIS 817 e Sperlinga (P.-AIS 836. è ben risaputo che l’origine storica di queste isole risale all’Alto Medioevo (XII–XIII secoli e che la patria dei rispettivi coloni alto-medievali si trovava nella zona di contatto situata tra il Piemonte meridionale, la Liguria settentrionale e la contigua Emilia occidentale. Nel corso della dialettometrizzazione della totalità dei dati dell’AIS – svoltasi a Salisburgo negli anni 2005–2009 – si è presentata l’opportunità di esaminare, tramite tutti gli strumenti dialettometrici attualmente a disposizione, tanto la posizione (quantitativa relazionale dei dialetti galloitalici delle suddette tre località nella rete dell’AIS, quanto quella di alcuni dialetti siciliani limitrofi. I risultati delle rispettive analisi sono molto sfumati e dimostrano chiaramente la comples- sità dell’inserzione delle parlate galloitaliche nel diasistema siciliano: vengono presentati tra- mite 16 carte dialettometriche a colore, ciascuna delle quali è accompagnata di appositi spiega- zioni e commenti dialettometrici e linguistici.

  13. Le conseil donné au roi dans le Sendebar (1253 : étude de sémantique et de pragmatique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernard DARBORD

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Le Sendebar (1253 est un recueil de contes espagnols, héritier d’une longue tradition orientale. Comme dans beaucoup d’œuvres de ce type (Calila e Dimna, Barlaam e Josaphat, le récit-cadre et les contes enchâssés sont articulés autour de la figure du conseiller du roi. La présente étude analyse la nature et la portée du conseil donné au roi par sa femme, par les sages et enfin par l’« enfant sage » ou puer senex (le fils du roi, qui seul parvient à convaincre entièrement son père. La force pragmatique de ces propos réduit la part faite au dialogue. De là le caractère hiératique et impassible de la figure du roi.El Sendebar (1253 es una colección de cuentos españoles, heredera de una larga tradición oriental. Como en otras muchas obras de este tipo (Calila e Dimna, Barlaam e Josaphat, el relato-marco y los cuentos intercalados se articulan en torno a la figura del consejero del rey. El presente estudio analiza la naturaleza y el alcance del consejo dirigido al rey por la esposa, por los sabios y, al fin, por el infante sabio, puer senex (cuyos consejos superan a aquellos de los que le han precedido. La fuerza pragmática de semejantes palabras reduce considerablemente la parte dialogada, de ahí el carácter hierático e impasible de la figura del rey.

  14. Inverse modeling of biomass smoke emissions using the TOMS AI

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, S. Y.; Penner, J. E.; Torres, O.

    2003-12-01

    Results of inverse modeling of biomass smoke emissions using the TOMS AI and a three-dimensional transport model are presented. The IMPACT model with DAO meteorology data in 1997 are utilized to obtain aerosol spatial and temporal distributions. Two absorbing aerosol types are considered, including biomass smoke and mineral dust. First, a radiative transfer model is applied to generate the modeled AI. Then a Bayesian inverse technique is applied to optimize the difference between the modeled AI and the EP TOMS AI in the same period by regulating monthly a priori biomass smoke emissions, while the dust emissions are fixed. The modeled AI with a posteriori emissions generally is in better agreement with the EP TOMS AI. The annual global a posteriori source increases by about 13% for the year 1997 (6.31 Tg/yr BC) in the base scenario, with a larger adjustment of monthly regional emissions. Five sensitivity scenarios are carried out, including sensitivity to the a priori uncertainties, the height of the smoke layer, the cloud screening criteria of the daily EP TOMS AI, the adjustment of emissions in a lumped region outside of the major biomass burning regions, and the covariances between observations. Results suggest that a posteriori annual global emissions in the sensitivity scenarios are within 15% of that of the base scenario. However, the difference of annual a posteriori emissions between the sensitivity scenarios and the base scenario can be as large as 50% on regional scale. We are also applying the inverse model technique to the year 2000 to compare with biomass emissions deduced from an analysis based on burned areas.

  15. Data of evolutionary structure change: 1AIFL-2AI0L [Confc[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available /ss_2> 0 n> 1AIF L...n> 1AIFLn> VSSSI----SSSNL 2AI0 Ln> 2AI0L...1AIFL-2AI0L 1AIF 2AI0 L L DIQLTQSPAFMAASPGEKVTITCSVSSSI----SSSNLH...line> SER CA 273 SER CA 260 ASN CA 337 LEU CA 408

  16. Data of evolutionary structure change: 1AIFA-2AI0O [Confc[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available s_2> 0 n> 1AIF A...n> 1AIFAn> VSSSI----SSSNL n> 2AI0 n>O 2AI...1AIFA-2AI0O 1AIF 2AI0 A O DIQLTQSPAFMAASPGEKVTITCSVSSSI----SSSNLH...e>SER CA 251 SER CA 276 SER CA 258 ASN CA 337 LEU CA 410

  17. Data of evolutionary structure change: 1AIFH-2AI0K [Confc[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available > 0 n> 1AIF n>H ...n>1AIFHn> VAHPA-SSTKV n> 2AI0 n>K 2AI...1AIFH-2AI0K 1AIF 2AI0 H K EVKLQESGGGLVQPGGSMKLSCVASGFTFNNYWMSWVRQ...SCAASGFTFRNYGMSWVRQTPEKRLEWVAAIS--GNSLYTSYPDSVKGRFTISRDNAKNNLYLQMSSLRSEDTALYFCARH

  18. Data of evolutionary structure change: 1AIFA-2AI0L [Confc[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 2> 0 n> 1AIF n>A ...n>1AIFAn> VSSSI----SSSNL...n> 2AI0 n>L 2AI...1AIFA-2AI0L 1AIF 2AI0 A L DIQLTQSPAFMAASPGEKVTITCSVSSSI----SSSNLH...SER CA 251 SER CA 276 SER CA 258 ASN CA 337 LEU CA 410

  19. Present status of application of AI in nuclear industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kitamura, Masaharu

    1989-01-01

    Artificial intelligence (AL) techniques have been introduced actively in the nuclear industry in pursuit of increased safety and efficiency. The present report outlines some AI techniques currently used in nuclear facilities. This type of techniques have increasingly been introduced to such areas as design, construction, operation, maintenance, quality control and analysis. Most of them use knowledge engineering techniques including expert systems. Positive efforts at research and application of various more advance AI techniaues have started recently. For application of AI techniques, activities in nuclear power plants can be divided into two groups. One includes 'analytical' activities such as operation, maintenance and analysis, while the other includes 'synthetic' activities such as design, construction and fuel control. The most important AI technology for the analytical activities is diagnosis. Thus the report outlines major processes to which diagnostic techniques are applicable, and knowledge description and inference methods used for diagnosis. For AI techniques for synthetic activities, some problems and possible solutions are addressed. Development efforts in and outside Japan are also outlined. (Nogami, K.)

  20. Proceedings of conference on AI applications in physical sciences

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1993-01-01

    A Conference cum workshop on AI applications in Physical Sciences was organised by the Indian Physics Association at Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Bombay during January 15-17, 1992. It was held in memory of Late Shri S.N. Seshadri, who was the moving spirit behind self reliance in instrumentation development for research and industry. The two day conference which was followed by one day workshop covered the following broad spectrum of topics in Artificial Intelligence: AI Tools and Techniques, Neural Networks, Robotics and Machine Vision, Fuzzy Control and Applications, Natural Language and Speech Processing, Knowledge based Systems, and AI and Allied applications. The conference dealt with recent advances and achievements in AI. It provided a forum for the exchange of valuable information and expertise in this fast emerging field. Over 200 scientists, engineers and computer professionals from various universities, R and D institutes and industries actively participated. 45 contributed papers and 8 invited talks were presented in the symposium. The volume contains selected papers which were contributed by the participants. Some of them dealt with AI applications in nuclear science and technology. (original)

  1. Discovering Knowledge from AIS Database for Application in VTS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsou, Ming-Cheng

    The widespread use of the Automatic Identification System (AIS) has had a significant impact on maritime technology. AIS enables the Vessel Traffic Service (VTS) not only to offer commonly known functions such as identification, tracking and monitoring of vessels, but also to provide rich real-time information that is useful for marine traffic investigation, statistical analysis and theoretical research. However, due to the rapid accumulation of AIS observation data, the VTS platform is often unable quickly and effectively to absorb and analyze it. Traditional observation and analysis methods are becoming less suitable for the modern AIS generation of VTS. In view of this, we applied the same data mining technique used for business intelligence discovery (in Customer Relation Management (CRM) business marketing) to the analysis of AIS observation data. This recasts the marine traffic problem as a business-marketing problem and integrates technologies such as Geographic Information Systems (GIS), database management systems, data warehousing and data mining to facilitate the discovery of hidden and valuable information in a huge amount of observation data. Consequently, this provides the marine traffic managers with a useful strategic planning resource.

  2. LA SITUATION DES ÉCREVISSES EN FRANCE RÉSULTATS DES ENQUÊTES NATIONALES RÉALISÉES ENTRE 1977 ET 2006 PAR LE CONSEIL SUPÉRIEUR DE LA PÊCHE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    COLLAS M.

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Depuis la fin du XIX° siècle, la distribution des écrevisses en France a connu de profonds bouleversements, et l’introduction d’écrevisses allochtones en provenance essentiellement du continent nord-américain, a irrémédiablement modifié le paysage astacologique français et européen. Les quatre enquêtes réalisées en France par le Conseil Supérieur de la Pêche depuis 1977, ont permis de suivre l’évolution des différentes espèces d’écrevisses recensées sur le territoire national, mettant à chaque fois en évidence la forte expansion des espèces exotiques et le recul des espèces natives. L’enquête de 2006 n’échappe pas à cette tendance et la situation de nos trois espèces d’écrevisses doit désormais être considérée comme alarmante. Deux de ces espèces se caractérisent par un statut de conservation proche de l’extinction (Austropotamobius torrentium et Astacus astacus alors que la troisième, Austropotamobius pallipes est « réfugiée » sur les secteurs apicaux des bassins versants, confinée sur des zones soumises aux premières manifestations du changement climatique et isolées par les espèces exotiques qui progressent de plus en plus vers l’amont. En effet, l’écrevisse du Pacifique (Pacifastacus leniusculus, mais aussi l’écrevisse rouge de Louisiane (Procamabrus clarkii, sont les espèces qui montrent la plus forte expansion géographique durant la période 2001-2006. Partout elles apparaissent comme des concurrents redoutables, plus agressifs, résistants aux pathologies, capables de coloniser des habitats variés…. Ces deux espèces en particulier étendent leur aire de répartition et colonisent chaque année de nouveaux départements, de nouveaux cours d’eau, éliminant par là même, les espèces autochtones. L’expansion des écrevisses introduites, l’arrivée récente en France d’une nouvelle espèce (Orconectes juvenilis et les modifications de la Loi autorisant dor

  3. A framework for AI-based nuclear design support system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Furuta, Kazuo; Kondo, Shunsuke

    1991-01-01

    Nowadays many computer programs are being developed and used for the analytic tasks in nuclear reactor design, but experienced designers are still responsible for most of the synthetic tasks which are not amenable to algorithmic computer processes. Artificial intelligence (AI) is a promising technology to deal with these intractable tasks in design. In development of AI-based design support systems, it is desirable to choose a comprehensive framework based on the scientific theory of design. In this work a framework for AI-based design support systems for nuclear reactor design will be proposed based on an exploration model of design. The fundamental architectures of this framework will be described especially on knowledge representation, context management and design planning. (author)

  4. Framework for AI-based nuclear reactor design support system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Furuta, Kazuo; Kondo, Shunsuke

    1992-01-01

    Nowadays many computer programs are being developed and used for the analytic tasks in nuclear reactor design, but experienced designers are still responsible for most of the synthetic tasks which are not amenable to algorithmic computer processes. Artificial intelligence (AI) is a promising technology to deal with these intractable tasks in design. In development of AI-based design support systems, it is desirable to choose a comprehensive framework based on the scientific theory of design. In this work a framework for AI-based design support systems for nuclear reactor design will be proposed based on an explorative abduction model of design. The fundamental architectures of this framework will be described especially on knowledge representation, context management and design planning. (author)

  5. Monoclonal antibodies to apolipoprotein AI: generation and characterization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falero, G; Rodriguez, I; Rojas, A

    1993-01-01

    BALB/c mice were immunized with apolipoprotein (apo AI)--high density lipoprotein (HDL) conjugate. By polyethylene glycol-induced fusion of isolated spleen cells with the myeloma cell line P3 X63 Ag8 6.5.3, three different hybridomas were obtained and characterized. Two of them were found to secrete antibodies of the IgG2a subclass, whereas the third produced antibodies of the IgG1 type. Binding capacities to 125I-apo AI and 125I-HDL were higher than 90% in all cases. The isolated antibodies recognize independent epitopes on the apo AI molecule and bind isolated HDL and serum-HDL with different affinities.

  6. Analysis of raw AIS spectrum recordings from a LEO satellite

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Jesper Abildgaard; Mortensen, Hans Peter

    2014-01-01

    The AAUSAT3 satellite is a 1U cubesat, which has been developed by students at Aalborg University, Denmark in collaboration with the Danish Maritime Authority. The satellite was launched in February 2013 on a mission to monitor ships from space using their AIS broadcast signals as an indication...... of position. The SDR receiver developed to listen for these AIS signals also allows for sampling and storing of the raw intermediate frequency spectrum, which has been used in order to map channel utilization over the areas of interest for the mission, which is mainly the arctic regions. The SDR based...... receiver used onboard the satellite is using a single chip front-end solution, which down converts the AIS signal located around 162 MHz into an intermediate frequency, with a up to 200 kHz bandwidth. This I/F signal is sampled with a 750 kSPS A/D converter and further processed by an Analog Devices DSP...

  7. Apo A-I (Apolipoprotein A-I) Vascular Gene Therapy Provides Durable Protection Against Atherosclerosis in Hyperlipidemic Rabbits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wacker, Bradley K; Dronadula, Nagadhara; Bi, Lianxiang; Stamatikos, Alexis; Dichek, David A

    2018-01-01

    Gene therapy that expresses apo A-I (apolipoprotein A-I) from vascular wall cells has promise for preventing and reversing atherosclerosis. Previously, we reported that transduction of carotid artery endothelial cells with a helper-dependent adenoviral (HDAd) vector expressing apo A-I reduced early (4 weeks) fatty streak development in fat-fed rabbits. Here, we tested whether the same HDAd could provide long-term protection against development of more complex lesions. Fat-fed rabbits (n=25) underwent bilateral carotid artery gene transfer, with their left and right common carotids randomized to receive either a control vector (HDAdNull) or an apo A-I-expressing vector (HDAdApoAI). Twenty-four additional weeks of high-fat diet yielded complex intimal lesions containing lipid-rich macrophages as well as smooth muscle cells, often in a lesion cap. Twenty-four weeks after gene transfer, high levels of apo A-I mRNA (median ≥250-fold above background) were present in all HDAdApoAI-treated arteries. Compared with paired control HDAdNull-treated arteries in the same rabbit, HDAdApoAI-treated arteries had 30% less median intimal lesion volume ( P =0.03), with concomitant reductions (23%-32%) in intimal lipid, macrophage, and smooth muscle cell content ( P ≤0.05 for all). HDAdApoAI-treated arteries also had decreased intimal inflammatory markers. VCAM-1 (vascular cell adhesion molecule-1)-stained area was reduced by 36% ( P =0.03), with trends toward lower expression of ICAM-1 (intercellular adhesion molecule-1), MCP-1 (monocyte chemoattractant protein 1), and TNF-α (tumor necrosis factor-α; 13%-39% less; P =0.06-0.1). In rabbits with severe hyperlipidemia, transduction of vascular endothelial cells with an apo A-I-expressing HDAd yields at least 24 weeks of local apo A-I expression that durably reduces atherosclerotic lesion growth and intimal inflammation. © 2017 American Heart Association, Inc.

  8. A Time to Connect? On Tourism Policy Making in Iceland Tími til að tengja? Af stefnumótun í ferðaþjónustu á Íslandi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gunnar Þór Jóhannesson

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Tourism in Iceland has experienced a rapid growth during the last three decades and currently provides a substantial part of Iceland‘s foreign currency earnings. Tourism has often been described as a sector with huge potentialities on the island and after the banking crisis in 2008 tourism has been recognized as an important part of the national economy. This article explores efforts made by the central authorities to create a tourism policy. The main features in the history of tourism policy making are described but the focus remains on two phases, which cast light on its emergence and development. The article makes use of actor-network theory to highlight the heterogeneity and dynamics of tourism policy making. It is argued that tourism policy is an effect of complex set of relations and at times unexpected conjunctions and coincidences as well as being characterized by an apparent lack of relation between the authorities and the sector. In the two cases discussed the cod stock and volcanic ash particles play significant roles in shaping and accomplishing tourism policies.Ferðaþjónusta á Íslandi hefur vaxið mjög að umfangi síðustu þrjá áratugi og er nú svo komið að atvinnugreinin skaffar umtalsverðan hluta gjaldeyristekna þjóðarbúsins. Ferðaþjónustu hefur löngum verið lýst sem atvinnugrein með mikla framtíðarmöguleika og eftir bankahrunið 2008 hefur hún verið talin gegna mikilvægu hlutverki í endurreisn efnahagslífsins. Í þessari grein er fjallað um hvernig stjórnvöld hafa leitast við að móta stefnu í ferðaþjónustu. Megindráttum í sögu stefnumótunar í ferðaþjónustu er lýst og gripið sérstaklega niður í tvö tímabil sem varpa ljósi á tilurð hennar og mótun. Gerendanetskenningunni (Actor-network theory er beitt til að draga fram margleitni og dýnamík í gerð stefnumótunar. Því er haldið fram að stefnumótun í ferðaþjónustu sé afurð flókinna tengsla og á t

  9. Application of AI technology to nuclear plant operations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sackett, J.I.

    1988-01-01

    In this paper, applications of Artificial Intelligence (AI) Technology to nuclear-power plant operation are reviewed. AI Technology is advancing rapidly and in the next five years is expected to enjoy widespread application to operation, maintenance, management and safety. Near term emphasis on a sensor validation, scheduling, alarm handling, and expert systems for procedural assistance. Ultimate applications are envisioned to culminate in autonomous control such as would be necessary for a power system in space, where automatic control actions are taken based upon reasoned conclusions regarding plant conditions, capability and control objectives

  10. The AIS-2005 Revision in Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: Mission Accomplished or Problems for Future Research?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carroll, Christopher P; Cochran, Joseph A; Price, Janet P; Guse, Clare E; Wang, Marjorie C

    2010-01-01

    The Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) is commonly used to score injury severity and describe types of injuries. In 2005, the AIS-Head section was revised to capture more detailed information about head injuries and to better reflect their clinical severity, but the impact of these changes is largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to compare AIS-1998 and AIS-2005 coding of traumatic brain injuries (TBI) using medical records at a single Level I trauma center. We included patients with severe TBI (Glasgow Coma Scale 3-8) after blunt injury, excluding those who were missing medical records. Detailed descriptions of injuries were collected, then manually coded into AIS-1998 and AIS-2005 by the same Certified AIS Specialist. Compared to AIS-1998, AIS-2005 coded the same injuries with lower severity scores [pconsciousness cases due to changes in criteria for coding concussive injury. In conclusion, changes from AIS-1998 to AIS-2005 result in significant differences in severity scores and types of injuries captured. This may complicate future TBI research by precluding direct comparison to datasets using AIS-1998. TBIs should be coded into the same AIS-version for comparison or evaluation of trends, and specify which AIS-version is used.

  11. Le rôle du Conseil de Sécurité de l’Organisation des Nations unies dans les travaux de la Cour Pénale Internationale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Germana Aguiar Ribeiro do Nascimento

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Le Conseil de sécurité est un organe politique soucieux du maintien de la paix et de la sécurité internationales. La Cour pénale internationale, quant à elle, est un organe juridictionnel subsidiaire qui a pour vocation de juger les crimes de guerre, de génocide, d’agression et les crimes contre l’humanité. Ces deux organes ont comme dénominateur commun le maintien de la paix et de la sécurité internationales. Cette convergence de compétences a été consacrée par le Statut de Rome en octroyant au Conseil de sécurité la prérogative de saisir la Cour. L’intervention du Conseil de sécurité dans le fonctionnement de la Cour peut ainsi être bénéfique pour assurer les droits de l’Homme, néanmoins, elle peut représenter un frein à l’effectivité de l’exercice de la compétence de la Cour. Dans cette optique, il serait intéressant d’aborder l’aspect constructif du lien qui unit la Cour et le Conseil de sécurité, ainsi que l’obstacle qu’il peut représenter pour la réalisation de la paix et de la sécurité internationales. Pour cela, la méthodologie qualitative sera utilisée. La recherche documentaire, l’étude de la jurisprudence et de la législation permettront de regrouper les renseignements relatifs au sujet.

  12. Open Data poster for Open Access Week - AI file

    OpenAIRE

    Briney, Kristin

    2013-01-01

    Adobe Illustrator (.ai) version of the Open Data/Open Access week poster.   PDF version: http://figshare.com/articles/Open_Data_Poster_for_Open_Access_Week/828595 Combined fileset here: http://figshare.com/articles/Open_Data_Poster_for_Open_Access_Week/828597

  13. Artificial Intelligence: Is the Future Now for A.I.?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramaswami, Rama

    2009-01-01

    In education, artificial intelligence (AI) has not made much headway. In the one area where it would seem poised to lend the most benefit--assessment--the reliance on standardized tests, intensified by the demands of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, which holds schools accountable for whether students pass statewide exams, precludes its use.…

  14. Exploring AI Language Assistants with Primary EFL Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Underwood, Joshua

    2017-01-01

    The main objective of this study was to identify ways to incorporate voice-driven Artificial Intelligence (AI) effectively in classroom language learning. This nine month teacher-led design research study employed technology probes (Amazon's Alexa, Apple's Siri, Google voice search) and co-design methods with a class of primary age English as a…

  15. AI/Simulation Fusion Project at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Erickson, S.A.

    1984-04-25

    This presentation first discusses the motivation for the AI Simulation Fusion project. After discussing very briefly what expert systems are in general, what object oriented languages are in general, and some observed features of typical combat simulations, it discusses why putting together artificial intelligence and combat simulation makes sense. We then talk about the first demonstration goal for this fusion project.

  16. OSUIGWE,' 1). 1. AND OBIEKEZIE,2 A.I.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1. AND OBIEKEZIE,2 A.I.. [Department of Fisheries, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Nigeria;. 'Institute of Oceanography, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria. SUMMARY. The study evaluated the effect of feeding diets which had the fishmeal sequentially replaced by raw and boiled jackbean seedmeal ...

  17. AI/Simulation Fusion Project at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Erickson, S.A.

    1984-01-01

    This presentation first discusses the motivation for the AI Simulation Fusion project. After discussing very briefly what expert systems are in general, what object oriented languages are in general, and some observed features of typical combat simulations, it discusses why putting together artificial intelligence and combat simulation makes sense. We then talk about the first demonstration goal for this fusion project

  18. Archiving AIS messages in a Geo-DBMS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meijers, B.M.; Quak, C.W.; van Oosterom, P.J.M.; Bregt, Arnold; Sarjakoski, Tapani; Lammeren, Ron van; Rip, Frans

    2017-01-01

    This paper reports on the result of two studies for using a geographical database management system for archiving Automated Identification System (AIS) message data. In this paper, we analyse the storage (using MongoDB and PostgreSQL) and we give a more in-depth description of a possible data model

  19. Unfavorable apoAI-containing lipoproteins profile in Tunisian obese ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hope&shola

    HDL-Chol and an excess of small dense LDL fractions. We have no information concerning the profile of. apoAI-containing lipoproteins. The investigation of the impact of obesity on this profile is the principal objective of our study. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Subjects. On the basis of the body weight excess, two volunteer ...

  20. A Note on the Lithuanian 2nd Sg. Ending "-ai."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmalstieg, William R.

    1980-01-01

    Discusses an attempt by Chr. S. Stang to establish a proto-Lithuanian present paradigm for the verb "megti" (to like), questioning the existence of the second singular form "-ai." Argues that the few examples of this form, all from a single Bible translation source, afford shaky support for its existence. (Executive Office of the AABS, 231 Miller…

  1. Keefektifan Pelaksanaan Pendidikan Dan Latihan Kejuruan PT Kalimas Ai YOGYAKARTA

    OpenAIRE

    Roziqin, Ahmad; Sofyan, Herminarto

    2014-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui: (1) keefektifan pelaksanaan pendidikan dan latihan kejuruanPT Kalimas AI Yogyakarta dengan menggunakan pendekatan evaluasi model four level Kirkpatrick pada level respon (reaction), hasil belajar (learning), perilaku kerja (behavior), dan (2) kelebihan dan kekurangan pelatihan. Jenis penelitian adalah penelitian evaluasi dengan menggunakan pendekatan model evaluasi Kirkpatrick pada tiga dari empat level evaluasi. Fokus evaluasi pada level respon (rea...

  2. PASTURE ffPROVEMENT POSSIBILTTIES IN EFFECTIVE AI{IMAL ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PASTURE ffPROVEMENT POSSIBILTTIES IN EFFECTIVE AI{IMAL PRODUCTION SYSTEMS. P. de V. Booysen. University of Natal, King George V Avenue, Durban. (Key words: .... inherent in biotic simplification is the danger of increased susceptibility of the abiotic component to degradation. So as the agriculturalist ...

  3. The hidden dangers of experimenting in distributed AI

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meyer, A.P.; Smit, A.; Kempen, M.; Wijngaards, N.

    2006-01-01

    Research on multi-agent systems often involves experiments, also in situations where humans interact with agents. Consequently, the field of experimental (human) sciences becomes more and more relevant. This paper clarifies how things can and often do go wrong in distributed AI experiments. We show

  4. Measuring the Value of AI in Space Science and Exploration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blair, B.; Parr, J.; Diamond, B.; Pittman, B.; Rasky, D.

    2017-10-01

    FDL is tackling knowledge gaps useful to the space program by forming small teams of industrial partners, cutting-edge AI researchers and space science domain experts, and tasking them to solve problems that are important to NASA as well as humanity's future.

  5. The 2010 Mario AI Championship: Level Generation Track

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Shaker, Noor; Togelius, Julian; Yannakakis, Georgios N.

    2011-01-01

    The Level Generation Competition, part of the IEEE CIS-sponsored 2010 Mario AI Championship, was to our knowledge the world’s first procedural content generation competition. Competitors participated by submitting level generators — software that generates new levels for a version of Super Mario...

  6. Scavenger Receptor-AI-Targeted Iron Oxide Nanoparticles for In Vivo MRI Detection of Atherosclerotic Lesions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Segers, Filip M. E.; den Adel, Brigit; Bot, Ilze; van der Graaf, Linda M.; van der Veer, Eric P.; Gonzalez, Walter; Raynal, Isabelle; de Winther, Menno; Wodzig, Will K.; Poelmann, Robert E.; van Berkel, Theo J. C.; van der Weerd, Louise; Biessen, Erik A. L.

    2013-01-01

    In search of molecular imaging modalities for specific detection of inflammatory atherosclerotic plaques, we explored the potential of targeting scavenger receptor-AI (SR-AI), which is highly expressed by lesional macrophages and linked to effective internalization machinery. Ultrasmall

  7. Artemisiae Argyi Folium and its geo-authentic crude drug qi ai

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diangang Liu

    2017-01-01

    Conclusion: The superior quality of qi ai compared with general AAF may be due to relatively higher contents of bioactive components. This study provides basic information for further study and utilization of AAF and qi ai.

  8. AI mass spectrometers for space shuttle health monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, F. W.

    1991-01-01

    The facility Hazardous Gas Detection System (HGDS) at Kennedy Space Center (KSC) is a mass spectrometer based gas analyzer. Two instruments make up the HGDS, which is installed in a prime/backup arrangement, with the option of using both analyzers on the same sample line, or on two different lines simultaneously. It is used for monitoring the Shuttle during fuel loading, countdown, and drainback, if necessary. The use of complex instruments, operated over many shifts, has caused problems in tracking the status of the ground support equipment (GSE) and the vehicle. A requirement for overall system reliability has been a major force in the development of Shuttle GSE, and is the ultimate driver in the choice to pursue artificial intelligence (AI) techniques for Shuttle and Advanced Launch System (ALS) mass spectrometer systems. Shuttle applications of AI are detailed.

  9. Future role of AI/Robotics in physical security

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jacobs, J.

    1986-01-01

    Manpower requirements for physical security systems place a heavy burden on operating security budgets. Technology innovations which free personnel or which make security personnel more efficient in carrying out their tasks is an important means of dealing with budget and manpower constraints. It is believed that AI/Robotics will be important technologies to alleviate these problems in the future. There are three types of applications for AI and Robotics technology that may: (l) help security personnel perform their tasks more effectively or efficiently, (2) perform tasks that security personnel would otherwise perform (free up people), and (3) perform tasks that cannot be performed by security personnel at this time. This paper discusses the various types of security applications that are presently being considered for the above areas and briefly describes a few examples of the application of this technology

  10. AIS reception from a CubeSat in LEO

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Jesper Abildgaard; Mortensen, Hans Peter; Nielsen, Jens Frederik Dalsgaard

    2013-01-01

    . The SDR-based receiver is developed around the similar ADF-7021, which in addition to the bit-stream output also features an output of the 200 kHz I/Q IF signal. This analogue signal is in turn sampled at around 750 kHz and then processed by a DSP. The 1U AAUSAT3 CubeSat was launched on 25 February 2013...... at Aalborg University, basic telemetry and the first few AIS messages were downloaded. During the first 14 days of the mission, the two receivers managed to detect more than 100,000 different AIS messages from ships all around the world, and more than 35,000 of these messages have been successfully...

  11. Analysis of received AIS data from a LEO Cubesat

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Jesper Abildgaard; Mortensen, Hans Peter; Tausen, Mathias

    2014-01-01

    using their AIS broadcast signals as an indication of position by means of a simple dipole antenna. The SDR based receiver used on board the satellite is using a single chip front-end solution, which downconverts the AIS signal located around 162 MHz to an intermediate frequency at 200 kHz. This I...... in order to compensate for the Doppler shift due to the large speed difference between the satellite and the ships. After this a noncoherent demodulation takes place using the estimated center frequency. The initial SW in the SDR was implemented as a sample and process algorithm, since the primary mission...... to the SDR algorithms have been identified after the launch of the satellite, and these improved algorithms have been uploaded to the satellite. Although able to detect more than 10k packets/hour it is also found that the large field of view and high number of ships in heavily congested areas yields many...

  12. Artificial intelligence (AI) systems for interpreting complex medical datasets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altman, R B

    2017-05-01

    Advances in machine intelligence have created powerful capabilities in algorithms that find hidden patterns in data, classify objects based on their measured characteristics, and associate similar patients/diseases/drugs based on common features. However, artificial intelligence (AI) applications in medical data have several technical challenges: complex and heterogeneous datasets, noisy medical datasets, and explaining their output to users. There are also social challenges related to intellectual property, data provenance, regulatory issues, economics, and liability. © 2017 ASCPT.

  13. LRIT and AIS: An Analysis of October 2010 Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-01

    des modifications ont été apportées au chapitre V de la Convention internationale de 1974 pour la sauvegarde de la vie humaine en mer (SOLAS), qui...with the goal of ensuring safe navigation. LRIT was designed for maritime security . LRIT was planned to provide global identification and tracking...of ships for the purpose of state security , while AIS was originally planned to provide a ship or shore based receivers with a local picture of ship

  14. Oil spills and AI: How to manage resources through simulation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Giribone, P.; Bruzzone, A.G.; Caddeo, S.

    1995-01-01

    Today, in the Mediterranean theater of the Upper Tyrrhenian, the ecological risk involving oil installations is still quite high. This is due to the fact that valuable environmental and tourist areas exist together with large industrial and port structures; in particular, recent events have demonstrated the danger involving oil spills along the Ligurian coastline. This study proposes an approach to plan the operations that should be performed when accidents occur, based on the use of AI techniques

  15. Physiologic correlates of t'ai chi chuan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iuliano, Blase; Grahn, Dennis; Cao, Vinh; Zhao, Betty; Rose, Jessica

    2011-01-01

    T'ai chi chuan, the ancient Chinese martial art, is practiced by millions of people worldwide and is an activity of moderate intensity that involves slow, circular movements. Evidence of substantial health benefits of t'ai chi chuan is emerging, however, the physiologic mechanisms are not well-understood. T'ai chi chuan masters routinely report sensing qi or internal energy flow, particularly in the hands. The purpose of this case study was to determine whether physiologic responses normally associated with thermoregulation are activated during a basic t'ai chi chuan exercise. Trials consisted of three focus periods and one withdraw period (during which the subject withdrew internal energy in the hands), each followed by a rest period. Measurements included infrared-thermography (IR), thermocoupled temperature measures, and laser Doppler flowmetry. Substantial increases in local palmar and face surface temperatures were observed with IR thermography during focus periods and substantial decreases were observed during the withdraw period. Fingertip surface baseline temperatures were 31.1°C for one trial, increased by 1.8°C during the focus period, and then decreased by 4.9°C during the withdraw period. A twofold increase in blood flow through fingertip regions paralleled changes in fingertip surface temperatures during focus periods. Changes in regional blood flow and surface temperatures closely paralleled onsets of focus, rest, and withdraw periods and appear to be volitional activations of known vasomotor mechanisms underlying non-hairy skin regions such as the hands and face. Changes in blood flow through these vascular structures are generally autonomic thermoregulatory responses, not normally under voluntary control, but may also represent a relaxation response.

  16. 76 FR 44045 - Establishment of the SANE/SART AI/AN Initiative Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-22

    ... SANE/SART AI/AN Initiative Committee AGENCY: Office for Victims of Crime, Justice. ACTION: Notice of... Nurse Examiner (SANE) Sexual Assault Response Team (SART) American Indian/Alaskan Native (AI/AN) Initiative (``SANE/SART AI/AN Initiative Committee'' or ``Committee'') is being established in accordance...

  17. 78 FR 17232 - Meeting of the SANE/SART AI/AN Initiative Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-20

    .../SART AI/AN Initiative Committee AGENCY: Office for Victims of Crime, Justice. ACTION: Notice of meeting. SUMMARY: The National Coordination Committee on the American Indian/ Alaska Native (AI/AN) Sexual Assault... violence within AI/AN communities. DATES AND LOCATIONS: The meeting will be held via webinar on Wednesday...

  18. 10 CFR 1017.28 - Processing on Automated Information Systems (AIS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Processing on Automated Information Systems (AIS). 1017.28... UNCLASSIFIED CONTROLLED NUCLEAR INFORMATION Physical Protection Requirements § 1017.28 Processing on Automated Information Systems (AIS). UCNI may be processed or produced on any AIS that complies with the guidance in OMB...

  19. The deep learning AI playbook strategy for disruptive artificial intelligence

    CERN Document Server

    Perez, Carlos E

    2017-01-01

    Deep Learning Artificial Intelligence involves the interplay of Computer Science, Physics, Biology, Linguistics and Psychology. In addition to that, it is technology that can be extremely disruptive. The ramifications to society and even our own humanity will be profound. There are few subjects that are as captivating and as consequential as this. Surprisingly, there is very little that is written about this new technology in a more comprehensive and cohesive way. This book is an opinionated take on the developments of Deep Learning AI. One question many have will be "how to apply Deep Learning AI in a business context?" Technology that is disruptive does not automatically imply that its application to valuable use cases will be apparent. For years, many people could not figure out how to monetize the World Wide Web. We are in a similar situation with Deep Learning AI. The developments may be mind-boggling but its monetization is far from being obvious. This book presents a framework to address this shortcomi...

  20. Functional subdivisions in low-frequency primary auditory cortex (AI).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallace, M N; Palmer, A R

    2009-04-01

    We wished to test the hypothesis that there are modules in low-frequency AI that can be identified by their responsiveness to communication calls or particular regions of space. Units were recorded in anaesthetised guinea pig AI and stimulated with conspecific vocalizations and a virtual motion stimulus (binaural beats) presented via a closed sound system. Recording tracks were mainly oriented orthogonally to the cortical surface. Some of these contained units that were all time-locked to the structure of the chutter call (14/22 tracks) and/or the purr call (12/22 tracks) and/or that had a preference for stimuli from a particular region of space (8/20 tracks with four contralateral, two ipsilateral and two midline), or where there was a strong asymmetry in the response to beats of different direction (two tracks). We conclude that about half of low-frequency AI is organized into modules that are consistent with separate "what" and "where" pathways.

  1. AIS Algorithm for Smart Antenna Application in WLAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evizal Abdul Kadir

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Increasing numbers of wireless local area networks (WLAN replacing wired networks have an impact on wireless network systems, causing issues such as interference. The smart antenna system is a method to overcome interference issues in WLANs. This paper proposes an artificial immune system (AIS for a switch beam smart antenna system. A directional antenna is introduced to aim the beam at the desired user. The antenna consists of 8 directional antennas, each of which covers 45 degrees, thus creating an omnidirectional configuration of which the beams cover 360 degrees. To control the beam switching, an inexpensive PIC 16F877 microchip was used. An AIS algorithm was implemented in the microcontroller, which uses the received radio signal strength of the mobile device as reference. This is compared for each of the eight beams, after which the AIS algorithm selects the strongest signal received by the system and the microcontroller will then lock to the desired beam. In the experiment a frequency of 2.4 GHz (ISM band was used for transmitting and receiving. A test of the system was conducted in an outdoor environment. The results show that the switch beam smart antenna worked fine based on locating the mobile device.

  2. LUT observations of the mass-transferring binary AI Dra

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liao, Wenping; Qian, Shengbang; Li, Linjia; Zhou, Xiao; Zhao, Ergang; Liu, Nianping

    2016-06-01

    Complete UV band light curve of the eclipsing binary AI Dra was observed with the Lunar-based Ultraviolet Telescope (LUT) in October 2014. It is very useful to adopt this continuous and uninterrupted light curve to determine physical and orbital parameters of the binary system. Photometric solutions of the spot model are obtained by using the W-D (Wilson and Devinney) method. It is confirmed that AI Dra is a semi-detached binary with secondary component filling its critical Roche lobe, which indicates that a mass transfer from the secondary component to the primary one should happen. Orbital period analysis based on all available eclipse times suggests a secular period increase and two cyclic variations. The secular period increase was interpreted by mass transfer from the secondary component to the primary one at a rate of 4.12 ×10^{-8}M_{⊙}/yr, which is in agreement with the photometric solutions. Two cyclic oscillations were due to light travel-time effect (LTTE) via the presence of two cool stellar companions in a near 2:1 mean-motion resonance. Both photometric solutions and orbital period analysis confirm that AI Dra is a mass-transferring binary, the massive primary is filling 69 % of its critical Roche lobe. After the primary evolves to fill the critical Roche lobe, the mass transfer will be reversed and the binary will evolve into a contact configuration.

  3. Le système d’identification automatique (AIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arnaud Serry

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Le système automatique d’identification (AIS des navires est un outil destiné à accroitre la sécurité de la navigation et l’efficacité de la gestion du trafic maritime. Son utilisation renforce à la fois la sécurité et la sureté maritime. Ses apports sont indéniables malgré quelques carences et limites techniques. Cet article présente les apports et les utilisations de la technologie AIS à l’origine d’une importante manne d’informations riches pour l’étude et la compréhension des circulations maritimes, spécialement pour la communauté scientifique ou les acteurs portuaires. Cet état de l’art est réalisé dans le cadre de la mise en œuvre d’une plateforme permettant de reconstituer les itinéraires des navires en utilisant les signaux AIS.

  4. Artificial Intelligence (AI) Based Tactical Guidance for Fighter Aircraft

    Science.gov (United States)

    McManus, John W.; Goodrich, Kenneth H.

    1990-01-01

    A research program investigating the use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) techniques to aid in the development of a Tactical Decision Generator (TDG) for Within Visual Range (WVR) air combat engagements is discussed. The application of AI programming and problem solving methods in the development and implementation of the Computerized Logic For Air-to-Air Warfare Simulations (CLAWS), a second generation TDG, is presented. The Knowledge-Based Systems used by CLAWS to aid in the tactical decision-making process are outlined in detail, and the results of tests to evaluate the performance of CLAWS versus a baseline TDG developed in FORTRAN to run in real-time in the Langley Differential Maneuvering Simulator (DMS), are presented. To date, these test results have shown significant performance gains with respect to the TDG baseline in one-versus-one air combat engagements, and the AI-based TDG software has proven to be much easier to modify and maintain than the baseline FORTRAN TDG programs. Alternate computing environments and programming approaches, including the use of parallel algorithms and heterogeneous computer networks are discussed, and the design and performance of a prototype concurrent TDG system are presented.

  5. PEMBUATAN DAN STANDARISASI ANTIGEN AI H5N1 KOMERSIAL UNTUK MONITORING TITER ANTIBODI HASIL VAKSINASI AI DI INDUSTRI PETERNAKAN AYAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Retno D. Soejoedono

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Vaccination is one of the chosen strategy for controling AI H5N1 in Indonesia. Vaccination able to induce protective antibodies against AI but unable to inhibit viral infection. Determination of antibody titers in the serum from bird vaccinated with AI-H5N1 vaccine consisting of 2 or 3 different AI virus isolates difficult to be meassured if the antigen for HI test is uncalibrated yet. Furthermore, the determination of a minimum protective antibody titer against the challenge of AI virus circulating in the field at this time needs to be done. This study aims to determine the H5N1 AI virus antigen for standart HI test and the minimum titre of antibodies that able neutralize virus infection. As much as 55 chickens were divided into 11 groups, 10 groups vaccinated with commercial AI vaccine and AI H5N1 field isolat antigen. Four types of commercial vaccines were veccinated to one group and seven other groups vaccinated with the antigen AI Legok 2004, Nagrak Ag 2009, Ag Lawang 2010, as well as polyvalent Ag combination of these three types of antigen. After third vaccinations, the presence of antibodieswere meassured by HI test. Serum with a titer test 26-28 were tested for the capability of virus neutralizationin using virus neutralization test against three different H5N1 AI virus field isolates. The test results showed that the H5N1 subtype AI virus antigen representative as standart antigen for HI test is antigen Legok 2004 and the minimum titer which able neutralize H5N1 AI virus field isolates 28

  6. Beyond AI: Multi-Intelligence (MI Combining Natural and Artificial Intelligences in Hybrid Beings and Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephen Fox

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Framing strongly influences actions among technology proponents and end-users. Underlying much debate about artificial intelligence (AI are several fundamental shortcomings in its framing. First, discussion of AI is atheoretical, and therefore has limited potential for addressing the complexity of causation. Second, intelligence is considered from an anthropocentric perspective that sees human intelligence, and intelligence developed by humans, as superior to all other intelligences. Thus, the extensive post-anthropocentric research into intelligence is not given sufficient consideration. Third, AI is discussed often in reductionist mechanistic terms. Rather than in organicist emergentist terms as a contributor to multi-intelligence (MI hybrid beings and/or systems. Thus, current framing of AI can be a self-validating reduction within which AI development is focused upon AI becoming the single-variable mechanism causing future effects. In this paper, AI is reframed as a contributor to MI.

  7. Du concept de privanza à la notion de conseil dans la Crónica de Álvaro de Luna (XVe siècle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghislaine Fournès

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Cet article entend analyser le traitement accordé à Álvaro de Luna dans la Crónica qui lui est consacrée, afin de mesurer ce qui, en ce XVe siècle, sépare la figure émergente du privado de celle, ancienne, du conseiller d’un roi ou d’un prince. Malgré la louange appuyée, malgré les distorsions et les omissions imposées par le genre, la Crónica délivre de nombreux indices renvoyant à la relation existant entre Jean II et Álvaro de Luna. Il est alors possible de tenter de cerner les différentes facettes du personnage et son inscription dans l’évolution des pratiques du pouvoir en cette fin du Moyen Âge.El presente artículo tiene como meta analizar el tratamiento otorgado a Álvaro de Luna en su crónica para determinar lo que, durante el siglo XV, separa la figura emergente del privado de la remota figura del consejero de un rey o de un príncipe. A pesar de la alabanza, de las distorsiones y de los silencios impuestos por el género cronístico, la crónica ofrece numerosos indicios sobre la relación mantenida por Juan II y Álvaro de Luna. El análisis permite dibujar las diferentes facetas del personaje así como su posición en relación con la evolución de las prácticas del poder a finales de la Edad Media.

  8. Alarm processing system using AI techniques for nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yang, Joon On; Chang, Soon Heung

    1990-01-01

    An alarm processing system (APS) has been developed using artificial intelligence (AI) techniques. The alarms of nuclear power plants (NPP's) are classified into the generalized and special alarms. The generalized alarms are also classified into the global and local alarms. For each type of alarms, the specific processing rules are applied to filter and suppress unnecessary and potentially misleading alarms. The local processing are based on 'model-based reasoning.' The global and special alarms are processed by using the general cause-consequence check rules. The priorities of alarms are determined according to the plant state and the consistencies between them

  9. AI Research and Application Development at Boeing's Huntsville Laboratories

    OpenAIRE

    Tanner, Steve; Carnes, Ray

    1993-01-01

    This article contains an overview of recent and ongoing projects at Boeing's Huntsville Advanced Computing Group (ACG). In addition, it contains an overview of some of the work being conducted by Boeing's Advanced Civil Space Systems Group. One aspect of ACG's charter is to support the efforts of other groups at Boeing. Thus, AI is not considered a stand-alone field but, instead, is considered an area that can be used to find both long- and short-term solutions for Boeing and its customers. A...

  10. Exercices pour l'apprentissage du français

    CERN Document Server

    Bérard, Evelyne

    1992-01-01

    Conçus autour d'objectifs communicatifs, ces exercices visent plus l'apprentissage que la vérification d'acquis linguistiques. Ils ne permettent pas de réponse mécanique : en invitant l'apprenant à jouer avec le sens des mots et le contexte, ils développent une attitude de réflexion qui conduit à l'apprentissage. Ces exercices qui prolongent la GRAMMAIRE UTILE DU FRANÇAIS sont auto©correctifs et peuvent aussi bien s'utiliser en classe qu'individuellement.

  11. How AI turned the chess world upside down

    KAUST Repository

    Polgar, Susan

    2018-01-22

    Man vs. Machine! In 1977 an IBM supercomputer \\'Deep Blue\\' beat the reigning World Chess Champion Gary Kasparov in a 6 game chess match played under tournament conditions. This was the first time a machine beat a human at chess. It symbolized the emergence of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and the potential for great good (and great harm) from machines that have aspects of human intelligence. During this lecture Susan Polgar, a pioneer for Women in Chess, will share her remarkable story as well as how technology has changed the world of chess.

  12. Pavlovian, Skinner, and Other Behaviourists' Contributions to AI. Chapter 9

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kosinski, Withold; Zaczek-Chrzanowska, Dominika

    2007-01-01

    A version of the definition of intelligent behaviour will be supplied in the context of real and artificial systems. Short presentation of principles of learning, starting with Pavlovian s classical conditioning through reinforced response and operant conditioning of Thorndike and Skinner and finishing with cognitive learning of Tolman and Bandura will be given. The most important figures within behaviourism, especially those with contribution to AI, will be described. Some tools of artificial intelligence that act according to those principles will be presented. An attempt will be made to show when some simple rules for behaviour modifications can lead to a complex intelligent behaviour.

  13. 30 janvier 2015 - Monsieur Mouïn Hamzé, Secrétaire général Conseil National pour la Recherche Scientifique, République libanaise

    CERN Multimedia

    Gadmer, Jean-Claude

    2015-01-01

    en visite au Centre de Contrôle du CERN avec L. Ponce du Département Faisceaux; à la caverne de l'expérience ALICE avec J.-P. Revol, R. Guernane et K. Safarik de la collaboration ALICE; au hall d’assemblage des aimants supraconducteurs du LHC avec L. Tavian du Département Technologie puis lors de la signature du livre d'or avec le directeur général du CERN, R. Heuer. P. Fassnacht, Conseiller MENA, Bureau des relations internationales présent tout au long de la visite.

  14. L’Empire de papiers de Juan Díez de la Calle, commis du Conseil des Indes. Espace, administration et représentations du Nouveau Monde au xviie siècle

    OpenAIRE

    Gaudin, Guillaume

    2011-01-01

    La biographie de Juan Díez de la Calle, commis du Conseil des Indes à Madrid de 1624 à 1662, contribue à expliquer comment une monarchie composite réussit à gouverner et à conserver ses territoires américains. L’univers socioprofessionnel du commis montre l’importance de la famille, des réseaux transatlantiques et du clientélisme dans la marche administrative de l’empire ibérique. Son labeur quotidien éclaire les arcanes du pouvoir : le « maniement des papiers » dans les secrétariats rend com...

  15. Discrimination of Coastal Vegetation and Biomass Using AIS Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gross, M. F.; Klemas, V.

    1985-01-01

    The Airborne Imaging Spectrometer (AIS) was flown over a coastal wetlands region near Lewes, Delaware, adjacent to the Delaware Bay on 16 August 1984. Using the AIS data, it was possible to discriminate between four different types of wetland vegetation canopies: (1) trees; (2) broadleaf herbaceous plants (e.g., Acnida cannabina, Hisbiscus moscheutos); (3) the low marsh grass Spartina alterniflora; and (4) the high marsh grasses Distichlis spicata and Spartina patens. The single most useful region of the spectrum was that between 1.40 and 1.90 microns, where slopes of portions of the radiance curve and ratios of radiance at particular wavelengths were significantly different for the four canopy types. The ratio between the highest digital number in the 1.40 to 1.90 microns and .84 to .94 microns regions and a similar ratio between the peaks in radiance in the 1.12 to 1.40 microns and .84 to .94 microns spectral regions were also very effective at discriminating between vegetation types. Differences in radiance values at various wavelengths between samples of the same vegetation type could potentially be used to estimate biomass.

  16. Building distributed rule-based systems using the AI Bus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schultz, Roger D.; Stobie, Iain C.

    1990-01-01

    The AI Bus software architecture was designed to support the construction of large-scale, production-quality applications in areas of high technology flux, running heterogeneous distributed environments, utilizing a mix of knowledge-based and conventional components. These goals led to its current development as a layered, object-oriented library for cooperative systems. This paper describes the concepts and design of the AI Bus and its implementation status as a library of reusable and customizable objects, structured by layers from operating system interfaces up to high-level knowledge-based agents. Each agent is a semi-autonomous process with specialized expertise, and consists of a number of knowledge sources (a knowledge base and inference engine). Inter-agent communication mechanisms are based on blackboards and Actors-style acquaintances. As a conservative first implementation, we used C++ on top of Unix, and wrapped an embedded Clips with methods for the knowledge source class. This involved designing standard protocols for communication and functions which use these protocols in rules. Embedding several CLIPS objects within a single process was an unexpected problem because of global variables, whose solution involved constructing and recompiling a C++ version of CLIPS. We are currently working on a more radical approach to incorporating CLIPS, by separating out its pattern matcher, rule and fact representations and other components as true object oriented modules.

  17. Altering the communication networks of multispecies microbial systems using a diverse toolbox of AI-2 analogues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gamby, Sonja; Roy, Varnika; Guo, Min; Smith, Jacqueline A I; Wang, Jingxin; Stewart, Jessica E; Wang, Xiao; Bentley, William E; Sintim, Herman O

    2012-06-15

    There have been intensive efforts to find small molecule antagonists for bacterial quorum sensing (QS) mediated by the "universal" QS autoinducer, AI-2. Previous work has shown that linear and branched acyl analogues of AI-2 can selectively modulate AI-2 signaling in bacteria. Additionally, LsrK-dependent phosphorylated analogues have been implicated as the active inhibitory form against AI-2 signaling. We used these observations to synthesize an expanded and diverse array of AI-2 analogues, which included aromatic as well as cyclic C-1-alkyl analogues. Species-specific analogues that disrupted AI-2 signaling in Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhimurium were identified. Similarly, analogues that disrupted QS behaviors in Pseudomonas aeruginosa were found. Moreover, we observed a strong correlation between LsrK-dependent phosphorylation of these acyl analogues and their ability to suppress QS. Significantly, we demonstrate that these analogues can selectively antagonize QS in single bacterial strains in a physiologically relevant polymicrobial culture.

  18. Geochemical regionalism of biržai area topsoil and technogenous ground

    OpenAIRE

    Stankevičius, Tadas

    2008-01-01

    Objectives: to perform Biržai region soil geochemical regionalism in accordance with geological-geophormalogical evidence, to establish geochemical field differences, evaluate resistance to polution technogenous chemical elements. Goals: 1. Summarize experience gained in previously accomplished geochemical regionalism in Lithuania. 2. Familiarize with geochemical mapping of Biržai region . 3. To explore geological (quaternary), geomorphologic and anthropocentric pollution conditions in Biržai...

  19. VizieR Online Data Catalog: AI CMi UBV light curves (Arkhipova+, 2017)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arkhipova, V. P.; Ikonnikova, N. P.; Esipov, V. F.; Komissarova, G. V.

    2017-07-01

    The UBV observations of AI CMi were carried out at the Crimean Station of the SAI MSU using a 60-cm Zeiss reflector with a photoelectric photometer designed by Lyuty (1971, Soobshch. GAISh, No. 172, 30) with a 27" aperture. We began to observe AI CMi in 1996 and obtained more than 200 UBV magnitude estimates for the star in 21 years. Table 1 presents our UBV photometry for AI CMi reduced to the Johnson system. (1 data file).

  20. Activity of autoinducer two (AI-2) in bacteria isolated from surface ripened cheeses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gori, Klaus; Jespersen, Lene

    A large number of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria have been found to produce the signaling molecule autoinducer two (AI-2), which is used for interspecies communication. In this study, AI-2 activity was for the first time determined in Arthrobacter nicotianae, Brevibacterium linens (BL2......). Corynebacterium casei, Microbacterium barkeri, Microbacterium gubbeenense and S. equorum subsp. linens (all isolated from the smear of surface ripened cheeses) using the AI-2 bioluminescence assay. This indicates that AI-2 signaling could take place between bacteria found in the smear of surface ripened cheeses....

  1. Applying AI techniques to improve alarm display effectiveness

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gross, J.M.; Birrer, S.A.; Crosberg, D.R.

    1987-01-01

    The Alarm Filtering System (AFS) addresses the problem of information overload in a control room during abnormal operations. Since operators can miss vital information during these periods, systems which emphasize important messages are beneficial. AFS uses the artificial intelligence (AI) technique of object-oriented programming to filter and dynamically prioritize alarm messages. When an alarm's status changes, AFS determines the relative importance of that change according to the current process state. AFS bases that relative importance on relationships the newly changed alarm has with other activated alarms. Evaluations of a alarm importance take place without regard to the activation sequence of alarm signals. The United States Department of Energy has applied for a patent on the approach used in this software. The approach was originally developed by EG and G Idaho for a nuclear reactor control room

  2. Future of AI application to electric power field

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tanaka, Hideo; Sakaguchi, Toshiaki (The Tokyo Electric Power Co., Inc., Tokyo, Japan Mitsubishi Electric Corp., Tokyo (Japan))

    1989-08-20

    This report forecasts the future of applying ES (Expert System) to the power system based on the trend of an information treating technology and a social economy. The future power system will definitely find more advanced systems of the automatization and the business mechanization, and highly advanced communication and information system. Forecast tells that the 21st. Century will see the more highly informationalized system which may be called a computer-integrated power system. Then, the expert system will play an essential role. Up to this time, the front scene has been the application of ES to the power system, but the application of the robotics is also an important problem among the AI technologies. Application to the operation of monitoring, patrolling and operation is a problem of the future. Technical items to be researched and developed in the power system are a means of know-how expression and a large scale software system development. 8 refs., 1 fig.

  3. Comment j’ai “cassé mon mur”

    OpenAIRE

    Petit, Franck

    2013-01-01

    “Black et sans diplôme”, à part celui de l’école coranique de Bamako, le chef d’origine malienne Sacko Broulay entre en France et en cuisine, il y a une douzaine d’années, par la plus petite des portes. Celle de la plonge. Un “mur” sourd et épais se dresse alors devant lui et son désir de porter la veste blanche qu’il parvient à casser au sein d’un groupe bien français, dirigé par Michel Rostang. Cet héritier de cinq générations de cuisiniers tricolores lui a confié en 2008 les clés du Jarass...

  4. Orthogonally Evolved AI to Improve Difficulty Adjustment in Video Games

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hintze, Arend; Olson, Randal; Lehman, Joel Anthony

    2016-01-01

    Computer games are most engaging when their difficulty is well matched to the player's ability, thereby providing an experience in which the player is neither overwhelmed nor bored. In games where the player interacts with computer-controlled opponents, the difficulty of the game can be adjusted...... not only by changing the distribution of opponents or game resources, but also through modifying the skill of the opponents. Applying evolutionary algorithms to evolve the artificial intelligence that controls opponent agents is one established method for adjusting opponent difficulty. Less-evolved agents...... (i.e. agents subject to fewer generations of evolution) make for easier opponents, while highly-evolved agents are more challenging to overcome. In this publication we test a new approach for difficulty adjustment in games: orthogonally evolved AI, where the player receives support from collaborating...

  5. Planning chemical syntheses with deep neural networks and symbolic AI

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segler, Marwin H. S.; Preuss, Mike; Waller, Mark P.

    2018-03-01

    To plan the syntheses of small organic molecules, chemists use retrosynthesis, a problem-solving technique in which target molecules are recursively transformed into increasingly simpler precursors. Computer-aided retrosynthesis would be a valuable tool but at present it is slow and provides results of unsatisfactory quality. Here we use Monte Carlo tree search and symbolic artificial intelligence (AI) to discover retrosynthetic routes. We combined Monte Carlo tree search with an expansion policy network that guides the search, and a filter network to pre-select the most promising retrosynthetic steps. These deep neural networks were trained on essentially all reactions ever published in organic chemistry. Our system solves for almost twice as many molecules, thirty times faster than the traditional computer-aided search method, which is based on extracted rules and hand-designed heuristics. In a double-blind AB test, chemists on average considered our computer-generated routes to be equivalent to reported literature routes.

  6. Development of an advanced educational system using AI techniques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yoshimura, Seiichi

    1990-01-01

    This paper describes an advanced educational system that realizes effective education using AI techniques. The system is composed of three devices. One is a knowledge-processing computer that evaluates the operator's knowledge level and presents educational materials. Another is a computer for displaying transients. The other is a computer for voice input and output. The educational materials utilize cause-and-effect relationships. The relationships enable to perform effective education by pointing out the parts the operator failed to understand. An evaluation test was performed by actually operating the system. As a result, the system's fundamental characteristics, such as the ease of understanding the relationships, and the usefulness of the advanced evaluation of the operator's knowledge level, were evaluated highly. (author)

  7. The 2010 Mario AI Championship: Level Generation Track

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Shaker, Noor; Togelius, Julian; Yannakakis, Georgios N.

    2011-01-01

    The Level Generation Competition, part of the IEEE CIS-sponsored 2010 Mario AI Championship, was to our knowledge the world’s first procedural content generation competition. Competitors participated by submitting level generators — software that generates new levels for a version of Super Mario...... Bros tailored to individual players’ playing style. This paper presents the rules of the competition, the software used, the scoring procedure, the submitted level generators and the results of the competition. We also discuss what can be learnt from this competition, both about organizing procedural...... content generation competitions and about automatically generating levels for platform games. The paper is co-authored by the organizers of the competition (the first three authors) and the competitors....

  8. Planning chemical syntheses with deep neural networks and symbolic AI.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segler, Marwin H S; Preuss, Mike; Waller, Mark P

    2018-03-28

    To plan the syntheses of small organic molecules, chemists use retrosynthesis, a problem-solving technique in which target molecules are recursively transformed into increasingly simpler precursors. Computer-aided retrosynthesis would be a valuable tool but at present it is slow and provides results of unsatisfactory quality. Here we use Monte Carlo tree search and symbolic artificial intelligence (AI) to discover retrosynthetic routes. We combined Monte Carlo tree search with an expansion policy network that guides the search, and a filter network to pre-select the most promising retrosynthetic steps. These deep neural networks were trained on essentially all reactions ever published in organic chemistry. Our system solves for almost twice as many molecules, thirty times faster than the traditional computer-aided search method, which is based on extracted rules and hand-designed heuristics. In a double-blind AB test, chemists on average considered our computer-generated routes to be equivalent to reported literature routes.

  9. Conjugaison progressive du français avec 400 exercices

    CERN Document Server

    Boularès, Michèle

    1999-01-01

    La Conjugaison progressive du français s'adresse aux grands adolescents et aux adultes de tous niveaux. C'est un ouvrage d'apprentissage des formes verbales. On trouve sur la page de gauche : - la règle de formation de chaque temps ; - les verbes types présentés en tableaux et accompagnés d'une liste de verbes conjugués sur le même modèle ; - des remarques phonétiques ou orthographiques ; - des explications sur les difficultés particulières. La page de droite propose des exercices et des activités de difficulté progressive. C'est également un ouvrage de référence grâce aux nombreux tableaux de conjugaison qu'il contient.

  10. Le français de la communication professionnelle

    CERN Document Server

    Danilo, Michel; Lincoln, M

    A partir de 150 heures de français. - Pour acquérir une bonne maîtrise des pratiques professionnelles. - Pour améliorer ses connaissances de la langue tout en se familiarisant avec les pratiques langagières spécifiques du monde du travail. - Pour préparer les examens de la Chambre de Commerce et d'Industrie de Paris. Dix dossiers : - La communication dans les affaires - Le travail administratif - Le téléphone - La communication interne - Le courrier de l'entreprise - L'offre et la commande - Livraison, transport, assurance - La facturation et le règlement - La communication avec les partenaires - Les nouveaux outils de communication Une cassette audio ainsi que des corrigés accompagnent ce livre.

  11. GPU: the biggest key processor for AI and parallel processing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baji, Toru

    2017-07-01

    Two types of processors exist in the market. One is the conventional CPU and the other is Graphic Processor Unit (GPU). Typical CPU is composed of 1 to 8 cores while GPU has thousands of cores. CPU is good for sequential processing, while GPU is good to accelerate software with heavy parallel executions. GPU was initially dedicated for 3D graphics. However from 2006, when GPU started to apply general-purpose cores, it was noticed that this architecture can be used as a general purpose massive-parallel processor. NVIDIA developed a software framework Compute Unified Device Architecture (CUDA) that make it possible to easily program the GPU for these application. With CUDA, GPU started to be used in workstations and supercomputers widely. Recently two key technologies are highlighted in the industry. The Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Autonomous Driving Cars. AI requires a massive parallel operation to train many-layers of neural networks. With CPU alone, it was impossible to finish the training in a practical time. The latest multi-GPU system with P100 makes it possible to finish the training in a few hours. For the autonomous driving cars, TOPS class of performance is required to implement perception, localization, path planning processing and again SoC with integrated GPU will play a key role there. In this paper, the evolution of the GPU which is one of the biggest commercial devices requiring state-of-the-art fabrication technology will be introduced. Also overview of the GPU demanding key application like the ones described above will be introduced.

  12. Charte du Conseil des Gouverneurs

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Office 2004 Test Drive User

    Le Centre de recherches pour le développement international (CRDI) est une société d'État .... et le changement comme moyens de s'améliorer constamment;. 9. voir dans l'évaluation un outil permettant l'apprentissage et la reddition de comptes et utiliser cet outil. ..... du droit de vote n'est pas inclus dans cette définition.

  13. 23 mai 2008 - Madame Micheline Calmy-Rey Conseillère fédérale, Cheffe du Département fédéral des affaires étrangères (DFAE), Confédération suisse et Dr Annette Schavan, Federal Minister of Education and Research, Germany visitent le CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2008-01-01

    23 mai 2008 - Madame Micheline Calmy-Rey Conseillère fédérale, Cheffe du Département fédéral des affaires étrangères (DFAE), Confédération suisse et Dr Annette Schavan, Federal Minister of Education and Research, Germany visitent le CERN

  14. Explanation and trust: what to tell the user in security and AI?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pieters, Wolter

    There is a common problem in artificial intelligence (AI) and information security. In AI, an expert system needs to be able to justify and explain a decision to the user. In information security, experts need to be able to explain to the public why a system is secure. In both cases, an important

  15. Explanation and trust: what to tell the user in security and AI?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pieters, Wolter

    2010-01-01

    There is a common problem in artificial intelligence (AI) and information security. In AI, an expert system needs to be able to justify and explain a decision to the user. In information security, experts need to be able to explain to the public why a system is secure. In both cases, the goal of

  16. Development and application of AI technology to plant operation and support

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sackett, J.I.; Mott, J.E.

    1989-01-01

    This paper discusses a framework for the development and application of artificial intelligence (AI) technology in existing nuclear facilities and reviews the status of development. We consider those areas best addressed by AI technology, e.g., equipment diagnostics, sensor validation, and expert systems for procedural response or planning. A brief discussion of work in computer displays is also given. (orig./GL)

  17. Cell milieu significantly affects the fate of AApoAI amyloidogenic variants: predestination or serendipity?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaglione, Rosa; Smaldone, Giovanni; Di Girolamo, Rocco; Piccoli, Renata; Pedone, Emilia; Arciello, Angela

    2018-03-01

    Specific apolipoprotein A-I variants are associated to severe hereditary amyloidoses. The organ distribution of AApoAI amyloidosis seems to depend on the position of the mutation, since mutations in residues from 1 to 75 are mainly associated to hepatic and renal amyloidosis, while mutations in residues from 173 to 178 are mostly responsible for cardiac, laryngeal, and cutaneous amyloidosis. Molecular bases of this tissue specificity are still poorly understood, but it is increasingly emerging that protein destabilization induced by amyloidogenic mutations is neither necessary nor sufficient for amyloidosis development. By using a multidisciplinary approach, including circular dichroism, dynamic light scattering, spectrofluorometric and atomic force microscopy analyses, the effect of target cells on the conformation and fibrillogenic pathway of the two AApoAI amyloidogenic variants AApoAI L75P and AApoAI L174S has been monitored. Our data show that specific cell milieus selectively affect conformation, aggregation propensity and fibrillogenesis of the two AApoAI amyloidogenic variants. An intriguing picture emerged indicating that defined cell contexts selectively induce fibrillogenesis of specific AApoAI variants. An innovative methodological approach, based on the use of whole intact cells to monitor the effects of cell context on AApoAI variants fibrillogenic pathway, has been set up. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  18. Activity of autoinducer two (AI-2) in bacteria isolated from surface ripened cheeses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gori, Klaus; Jespersen, Lene

    2007-01-01

    ). Corynebacterium casei, Microbacterium barkeri, Microbacterium gubbeenense and S. equorum subsp. linens (all isolated from the smear of surface ripened cheeses) using the AI-2 bioluminescence assay. This indicates that AI-2 signaling could take place between bacteria found in the smear of surface ripened cheeses....

  19. In Orbit Validation of the AAUSAT3 SDR based AIS receiver

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Jesper Abildgaard; Mortensen, Hans Peter

    2013-01-01

    During the past years, there has been a high interest in monitoring the global ship traffic from space. The recently launched AAUSAT3 satellite carries an SDR based AIS receiver, which during the past months have been transmitting space based AIS data down to the Aalborg University Ground Station...

  20. Squeeze Casting Method Of AI-Si Alloy For Piston Material

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wagiyo, H.; Dani, Muhammad; Sulistioso, G.S.; Pardede, Elman; Handayani, Ari; Teguh, Yulius S.P.P.

    2001-01-01

    The AI-Si alloy is an alloy used as piston material. This alloys could be as AI-Si hypereutectic alloy (Si content more than 12.5 % wt.), as AI-Si eutectic alloy (Si cuntent 12.5 % wt, and as AI-Si hypoeutectic alloy (Si content less than 12.5 % wt.). The synthesize of AI-Si alloy piston generally using the technique of gravity casting in a dies. This method is causing high porousity. By using the squeeze technique, amount ofporousity in AI-Si alloy is possibly reduced and the density of this alloy should be higher. The other factors such as alloying elements of AI-Si alloy (Mg. Cu, Zn) would increase the mechanical properties especially the hardness. The focuses of this research are the microstructure and the maximum hardness during the heat treatment of AI-Si alloy which was added by alloying elments. The result of hardness at test shows the maximum hardness at 94.7 kg/mm 2 obtained at aging temperature of 210 o C for hours with homogenous dendritic microstructure

  1. On how AI & Law can help autonomous systems obey the law: a position paper

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Prakken, Hendrik

    2016-01-01

    In this position paper I discuss to what extent current and past AI & law research is relevant for research on autonomous intelligent systems that exhibit legally relevant behaviour. After a brief review of the history of AI & law, I will compare the problems faced by autonomous intelligent systems

  2. Reproductive performance of dairy cows resynchronized after pregnancy diagnosis at 31 (±3 days) after artificial insemination (AI) compared with resynchronization at 31 (±3 days) after AI with pregnancy diagnosis at 38 (±3 days) after AI

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira, R. V.; Caixeta, L. S.; Giordano, J. O.; Guard, C. L.; Bicalho, R. C.

    2015-01-01

    An important part of reproductive management programs on dairy farms is identification of nonpregnant cows and early re-insemination to achieve higher pregnancy rates. The objective of this study was to compare the effect on reproductive performance and pregnancy loss of 2 pregnancy diagnosis protocols: (1) pregnancy diagnosis performed 31 ± 3 d after artificial insemination (AI) by ultrasonography (ULTRA), and (2) resynchronization started 31 ± 3 d after AI but with pregnancy diagnosis performed 38 ± 3 d after AI by palpation per rectum (PALP). Cows were randomly allocated into 1 of the 2 management programs. For cows enrolled in ULTRA, the initial pregnancy diagnosis (P1) was performed by transrectal ultrasonography at 31 ± 3 d after AI, and nonpregnant cows were enrolled in the Ovsynch protocol for resynchronization of ovulation to receive timed AI (TAI). For cows enrolled in PALP, the Ovsynch protocol for resynchronization of ovulation to receive TAI was initiated at 31 ± 3 d after AI regardless of pregnancy status, with the initial pregnancy diagnosis (P1) performed by palpation per rectum at 38 ± 3 d after AI. For both groups, reconfirmation of pregnancy was performed by palpation per rectum at 63 ± 3 d after AI (P2). Cows were inseminated after detection of estrus by use of activity monitors at any time during the study. Two levels of activity were used as a reference for cows AI after detection of estrus based on activity: an activity level of ≥2 when a cow was coded in DairyComp 305 (Valley Agricultural Software, Tulare, CA) as open (nonpregnant) and an activity level of ≥3 when the pregnancy status of the cow was unknown. Our findings showed that the odds of pregnancy loss cows in ULTRA was 2 times higher between P1 and P2 compared with that of cows in PALP. Furthermore, pregnancy diagnosis method (ULTRA vs. PALP) did not have a significant effect on the Cox proportional hazard of pregnancy at P2. The occurrence of assisted parturition

  3. Regulation of bacteria population behaviors by AI-2 "consumer cells" and "supplier cells".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quan, Yufen; Meng, Fankang; Ma, Xinyu; Song, Xinhao; Liu, Xiao; Gao, Weixia; Dang, Yulei; Meng, Yao; Cao, Mingfeng; Song, Cunjiang

    2017-09-19

    Autoinducer-2 (AI-2) is a universal signal molecule and enables an individual bacteria to communicate with each other and ultimately control behaviors of the population. Harnessing the character of AI-2, two kinds of AI-2 "controller cells" ("consumer cells" and "supplier cells") were designed to "reprogram" the behaviors of entire population. For the consumer cells, genes associated with the uptake and processing of AI-2, which includes LsrACDB, LsrFG, LsrK, were overexpressed in varying combinations. Four consumer cell strains were constructed: Escherichia coli MG1655 pLsrACDB (NK-C1), MG1655 pLsrACDBK (NK-C2), MG1655 pLsrACDBFG (NK-C3) and MG1655 pLsrACDBFGK (NK-C4). The key enzymes responsible for production of AI-2, LuxS and Mtn, were also overexpressed, yielding strains MG1655 pLuxS (NK-SU1), and MG1655 pLuxS-Mtn (NK-SU2). All the consumer cells could decrease the environmental AI-2 concentration. NK-C2 and NK-C4 were most effective in AI-2 uptake and inhibited biofilm formation. While suppliers can increase the environmental AI-2 concentration and NK-SU2 was most effective in supplying AI-2 and facilitated biofilm formation. Further, reporter strain, MG1655 pLGFP was constructed. The expression of green fluorescent protein (GFP) in reporter cells was initiated and guided by AI-2. Mixture of consumer cells and reporter cells suggest that consumer cells can decrease the AI-2 concentration. And the supplier cells were co-cultured with reporter cells, indicating that supplier cells can provide more AI-2 compared to the control. The consumer cells and supplier cells could be used to regulate environmental AI-2 concentration and the biofilm formation. They can also modulate the AI-2 concentration when they were co-cultured with reporter cells. It can be envisioned that this system will become useful tools in synthetic biology and researching new antimicrobials.

  4. Artificial Intelligence (AI), Operations Research (OR), and Decision Support Systems (DSS): A conceptual framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parnell, Gregory S.; Rowell, William F.; Valusek, John R.

    1987-01-01

    In recent years there has been increasing interest in applying the computer based problem solving techniques of Artificial Intelligence (AI), Operations Research (OR), and Decision Support Systems (DSS) to analyze extremely complex problems. A conceptual framework is developed for successfully integrating these three techniques. First, the fields of AI, OR, and DSS are defined and the relationships among the three fields are explored. Next, a comprehensive adaptive design methodology for AI and OR modeling within the context of a DSS is described. These observations are made: (1) the solution of extremely complex knowledge problems with ill-defined, changing requirements can benefit greatly from the use of the adaptive design process, (2) the field of DSS provides the focus on the decision making process essential for tailoring solutions to these complex problems, (3) the characteristics of AI, OR, and DSS tools appears to be converging rapidly, and (4) there is a growing need for an interdisciplinary AI/OR/DSS education.

  5. Enabling technologies and methods for the retro-fitting of AI software into NPPS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pymm, P.

    1994-01-01

    Scottish Nuclear have a number of plant monitoring and training applications at their operational nuclear power plant which could benefit from the introduction of artificial intelligence (AI) software. An outline of early work on two current AI developments in the areas of advanced operator aids and intelligent training is given. A generic workstation based engineering simulator (WES) which provides a prototyping environment for AI product application development and evaluation and development of human-computer interface (HCI) designs for plant installation is described. It is concluded that the WES architecture facilitates both migration of the prototype AI application to the plant and collaboration in the AI field between Scottish Nuclear and other organizations. (author). 1 ref., 6 figs

  6. La nécessité de la réforme du Conseil de Sécurité des Nations Unies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed ,Baraka

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Depuis plus de soixante ans, une autre génération a cherché à assurer un avenir à l’abri de la peur, à l’abri de besoin. Et le résultat de cet effort été l’Organisation des Nations Unies mis en place au nom des peuples du monde. C’est pourquoi, tous ces délégués étaient « résolus à préserver les générations futures du fléau de la guerre qui, deux fois en l’espace d’une vie humaine, a infligé à l’humanité d’indicibles souffrances », à proclamer leur « foi dans les droits fondamentaux de l’homme…» et à unir leurs « forces pour maintenir la paix et la sécurité internationale . Aujourd’hui, perdu dans le même besoin et la même urgence, et avec la prise de conscience des dangers qui menacent l’avenir, l’humanité doit refaire cet effort à nouveau. Si plus d’un demi-siècle a été passé depuis la signature de la charte des Nations Unies à San Francisco, et cette période n’a pas été témoin d’une nouvelle guerre mondiale, mais elle a vu beaucoup de violences humaines et de souffrance et d’injustice. Il y’a encore des menaces à la civilisation, et même à l’avenir de l’humanité. La présence d’une organisation internationale est une chose vitale et nécessaire pour la gestion de l’environnement juridique du système mondial, de ce point de vue la recherche de la réforme de l’ONU pour activer leur performance est une condition pour réussir sa mission, mais ce succès est lié à l’évolution de certains mécanismes de travail. Certes, il vaut la peine de réforme dans les structures des Nations Unies doit être poursuivi, mais s’il y’a une fonctionnalité du système des Nations Unies, qui a été crée à San Francisco doit maintenant être considéré comme "temporaire" est la composition du Conseil de Sécurité et le droit de Veto accordé à ses cinq membres permanents.

  7. LuxS-independent formation of AI-2 from ribulose-5-phosphate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hardie Kim R

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In many bacteria, the signal molecule AI-2 is generated from its precursor S-ribosyl-L-homocysteine in a reaction catalysed by the enzyme LuxS. However, generation of AI-2-like activity has also been reported for organisms lacking the luxS gene and the existence of alternative pathways for AI-2 formation in Escherichia coli has recently been predicted by stochastic modelling. Here, we investigate the possibility that spontaneous conversion of ribulose-5-phosphate could be responsible for AI-2 generation in the absence of luxS. Results Buffered solutions of ribulose-5-phosphate, but not ribose-5-phosphate, were found to contain high levels of AI-2 activity following incubation at concentrations similar to those reported in vivo. To test whether this process contributes to AI-2 formation by bacterial cells in vivo, an improved Vibrio harveyi bioassay was used. In agreement with previous studies, culture supernatants of E. coli and Staphylococcus aureus luxS mutants were found not to contain detectable levels of AI-2 activity. However, low activities were detected in an E. coli pgi-eda-edd-luxS mutant, a strain which degrades glucose entirely via the oxidative pentose phosphate pathway, with ribulose-5-phosphate as an obligatory intermediate. Conclusion Our results suggest that LuxS-independent formation of AI-2, via spontaneous conversion of ribulose-5-phosphate, may indeed occur in vivo. It does not contribute to AI-2 formation in wildtype E. coli and S. aureus under the conditions tested, but may be responsible for the AI-2-like activities reported for other organisms lacking the luxS gene.

  8. AI and simulation: What can they learn from each other

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colombano, Silvano P.

    1988-01-01

    Simulation and Artificial Intelligence share a fertile common ground both from a practical and from a conceptual point of view. Strengths and weaknesses of both Knowledge Based System and Modeling and Simulation are examined and three types of systems that combine the strengths of both technologies are discussed. These types of systems are a practical starting point, however, the real strengths of both technologies will be exploited only when they are combined in a common knowledge representation paradigm. From an even deeper conceptual point of view, one might even argue that the ability to reason from a set of facts (i.e., Expert System) is less representative of human reasoning than the ability to make a model of the world, change it as required, and derive conclusions about the expected behavior of world entities. This is a fundamental problem in AI, and Modeling Theory can contribute to its solution. The application of Knowledge Engineering technology to a Distributed Processing Network Simulator (DPNS) is discussed.

  9. Computational intelligence from AI to BI to NI

    Science.gov (United States)

    Werbos, Paul J.

    2015-05-01

    This paper gives highlights of the history of the neural network field, stressing the fundamental ideas which have been in play. Early neural network research was motivated mainly by the goals of artificial intelligence (AI) and of functional neuroscience (biological intelligence, BI), but the field almost died due to frustrations articulated in the famous book Perceptrons by Minsky and Papert. When I found a way to overcome the difficulties by 1974, the community mindset was very resistant to change; it was not until 1987/1988 that the field was reborn in a spectacular way, leading to the organized communities now in place. Even then, it took many more years to establish crossdisciplinary research in the types of mathematical neural networks needed to really understand the kind of intelligence we see in the brain, and to address the most demanding engineering applications. Only through a new (albeit short-lived) funding initiative, funding crossdisciplinary teams of systems engineers and neuroscientists, were we able to fund the critical empirical demonstrations which put our old basic principle of "deep learning" firmly on the map in computer science. Progress has rightly been inhibited at times by legitimate concerns about the "Terminator threat" and other possible abuses of technology. This year, at SPIE, in the quantum computing track, we outline the next stage ahead of us in breaking out of the box, again and again, and rising to fundamental challenges and opportunities still ahead of us.

  10. A decade of aquatic invasive species (AIS) early detection ...

    Science.gov (United States)

    As an invasion prone location, the St. Louis River Estuary (SLRE) has been a case study for ongoing research to develop the framework for a practical Great Lakes monitoring network for early detection of aquatic invasive species (AIS). Early detection, however, necessitates finding new invaders before they are common. Here we outline our research (2005 present) approach and findings, including strategies to increase detection efficiency by optimizing specimen collection and identification methods. Initial surveys were designed to over-sample to amass data as the basis for numerical experiments to investigate to the effort required for a given detection probability. Later surveys tested the outcome of implementing these strategies, examined the potential benefits of sampling larval fish instead of adults and explored the prospect of using advanced DNA based methods as an alternative to traditional taxonomy. To date we have identified several previously undetected invertebrate invaders, developed survey design and gear recommendations and have refined the search strategy for systems beyond the SLRE. In addition, because we’ve accumulated such a large body of data we now have the basis to show spatial-temporal trends for native and non-native species in the SLRE. not applicable

  11. Dictionnaire étymologique du français

    CERN Document Server

    Picoche, Jacqueline

    1979-01-01

    Cette nouvelle édition du Dictionnaire étymologique du français, largement enrichie, présente l'arbre généalogique de près de 35 000 mots. Savez-vous que concerto, décret et discernement ont la même racine que crible ?. Que chauvin, espiègle et rocambolesque viennent de noms de personnages de la littérature ?. Que le sens premier de amadouer est " frotter avec de l'amadou " pour se jaunir le teint ?. Pour chaque mot, retrouvez sa famille, son origine, son sens originel ou le sens de sa racine, les diverses formes qu'il a prises depuis sa première attestation et les règles phonétiques expliquant son évolution. Des annexes traitent plus particulièrement des mots à syllabes redoublées (coco, zigzag), de ceux formés sur des onomatopées (hennir, ouistiti) et de ceux venant de noms de personnes (dahlia, praline) ou de lieux (bougie, rugby).

  12. Building regional early flood warning systems by AI techniques

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, F. J.; Chang, L. C.; Amin, M. Z. B. M.

    2017-12-01

    Building early flood warning system is essential for the protection of the residents against flood hazards and make actions to mitigate the losses. This study implements AI technology for forecasting multi-step-ahead regional flood inundation maps during storm events. The methodology includes three major schemes: (1) configuring the self-organizing map (SOM) to categorize a large number of regional inundation maps into a meaningful topology; (2) building dynamic neural networks to forecast multi-step-ahead average inundated depths (AID); and (3) adjusting the weights of the selected neuron in the constructed SOM based on the forecasted AID to obtain real-time regional inundation maps. The proposed models are trained, and tested based on a large number of inundation data sets collected in regions with the most frequent and serious flooding in the river basin. The results appear that the SOM topological relationships between individual neurons and their neighbouring neurons are visible and clearly distinguishable, and the hybrid model can continuously provide multistep-ahead visible regional inundation maps with high resolution during storm events, which have relatively small RMSE values and high R2 as compared with numerical simulation data sets. The computing time is only few seconds, and thereby leads to real-time regional flood inundation forecasting and make early flood inundation warning system. We demonstrate that the proposed hybrid ANN-based model has a robust and reliable predictive ability and can be used for early warning to mitigate flood disasters.

  13. Conseil santé au cabinet médical: un vent nouveau! : le programme Coaching Santé du collège de médecine de premier recours

    OpenAIRE

    Neuner-Jehle, Stefan; Grüninger, Ueli; Schmid, Margareta

    2014-01-01

    Le programme Coaching Santé du Collège de médecine de premier recours (CMPR) facilite le conseil de santé en matière de prévention, thérapie et réhabilitation (par exemple, alcool, tabac). Le patient devient l’acteur principal, choisit lui-même ses objectifs et le médecin le soutient (fonction de « coach »). Le Coaching Santé comprend des algorithmes simples et un instrument visuel pour soutenir les quatre étapes du programme : sensibiliser-motiver-planifier-accompagner. Il a été testé ave...

  14. Concurrence, coopération et flux de conseil dans un cabinet américain d'avocats d'affaires : les échanges d' idées entre collègues

    OpenAIRE

    Lazega, Emmanuel

    1995-01-01

    Cet article étudie les relations de conseil dans un cabinet américain d'avocats d'affaires. On y montre l'existence de normes régulant l'échange de cette ressource, normes étroitement liées à la structure formelle du cabinet. Une analyse du réseau constitué par ces relations permet de dégager la structure sociale ou informelle de ce système d'échange. Cette dernière montre que les acteurs en concurrence dans ce système (pour des ressources comme la main-d'oeuvre, les clients, le prestige, le ...

  15. Le positionnement stratégique des acteurs dans la prise en compte des risques psychosociaux au travail. Le cas des cabinets-conseil spécialisés en prévention des RPS

    OpenAIRE

    Tarik Chakor

    2012-01-01

    Ce document a été rédigé à l'occasion d'un séminaire de thèse se déroulant le 4/6/12 au LEST-CNRS (UMR 7317, Aix-en-Provence). Son objectif est de présenter un état d'avancement sur la réflexion autour du rôle des cabinets-conseil dans la prévention des RPS. L'analyse des RPS comme un phénomène potentiellement conflictuel et stratégique, notamment à partir de la multiplicité des approches disciplinaires, permet de mettre en évidence différents positionnements stratégiques des cabinets, du cab...

  16. Novel cross-linked alcohol-insoluble solid (CL-AIS) affinity gel from pea pod for pectinesterase purification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Ming-Chang; Lin, Guan-Hui; Wang, Yuh-Tai; Jiang, Chii-Ming; Chang, Hung-Min

    2005-10-05

    Alcohol-insoluble solids (AIS) from pea pod were cross-linked (CL-AIS) and used as an affinity gel matrix to isolate pectin esterases (PEs) from tendril shoots of chayote (TSC) and jelly fig achenes (JFA), and the results were compared with those isolated by ion-exchange chromatography with a commercial resin. CL-AIS gel matrix in a column displayed poor absorption and purification fold of PE; however, highly methoxylated CL-AIS (HM-CL-AIS), by exposing CL-AIS to methanolic sulfuric acid to increase the degree of esterification (DE) to 92%, facilitated the enzyme purification. The purified TSC PE and JFA PE by the HM-CL-AIS column were proofed as a single band on an SDS-PAGE gel, showing that the HM-CL-AIS column was a good matrix for purification of PE, either with alkaline isoelectric point (pI) (TSC PE) or with acidic pI (JFA PE).

  17. 78 FR 63494 - Meeting of the National Coordination Committee on the AI/AN SANE-SART Initiative

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-24

    ... National Coordination Committee on the AI/AN SANE--SART Initiative AGENCY: Office for Victims of Crime.../ Alaska Native (AI/AN) Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE)--Sexual Assault Response Team (SART..., victim-centered responses to sexual violence within AI/AN communities. DATES: The meeting will be held...

  18. Le cadre fiscal de l'investissement français en Tunisie

    OpenAIRE

    Amor, Mehdi

    2016-01-01

    Le cadre fiscal de l’investissement français en Tunisie tend à assurer la liberté d’investissement et renforcer l’ouverture de l’économie tunisienne à l’étranger en assurant un traitement non discriminatoire envers les investissements français en Tunisie. Il contient notamment des règles d’incitations fiscales qui couvrent la majorité des secteurs. Toutefois, ce cadre fiscal n’est pas suffisant pour promouvoir l’investissement français en Tunisie.

  19. Various administrative services and AIS applications unavailable on Friday 18th May 2007

    CERN Multimedia

    Administrative Information Services

    2007-01-01

    Due to a major upgrade Oracle HR application won't be available from Wednesday 16th May evening until Sunday 20th May. For that reason, various administrative services won't offer full service or will even be closed on Friday 18th May 2007. These services include: Users Office Registration Office (building 55) Records Office (HR) ...and others (full list available on http://ais.cern.ch website) We thank you for your understanding. AIS Administrative Information Services ais.support@cern.ch

  20. Various administrative services and AIS applications unavailable on Friday 18th May 2007

    CERN Document Server

    AIS Administrative Information Services

    2007-01-01

    Due to a major upgrade the Oracle HR application will not be available from Wednesday 16th May in the evening until Sunday 20th May. For that reason, various administrative services won't offer full service or will even be closed on Friday 18th May 2007. These services include: Users' Office Registration Office (building 55) Records Office (HR) ... and others (full list available on http://ais.cern.ch website) We thank you for your understanding. AIS Administrative Information Services ais.support@cern.ch

  1. AI and its Impact on the Indonesian Economy: a CGE Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Oktaviani, Rina

    2006-01-01

    Virus H5N1 is confirmed as the cause of AI in Indonesia as well as in other Asia countries. A possible human pandemic from AI has economic implications and may affect consumer behavior as well as other sectors such as tourist, trade and transportation. A Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model is used to analyze the impact of the recent AI outbreak on the Indonesian macro and sectoral economy as well as on income distribution. The model is a combination of INDOF (Oktaviani, 2000), and WAYA...

  2. Using experimental game theory to transit human values to ethical AI

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Yijia; Wan, Yan; Wang, Zhijian

    2017-01-01

    Knowing the reflection of game theory and ethics, we develop a mathematical representation to bridge the gap between the concepts in moral philosophy (e.g., Kantian and Utilitarian) and AI ethics industry technology standard (e.g., IEEE P7000 standard series for Ethical AI). As an application, we demonstrate how human value can be obtained from the experimental game theory (e.g., trust game experiment) so as to build an ethical AI. Moreover, an approach to test the ethics (rightness or wrongn...

  3. Man-machine communication in reactor control using AI methods

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Klebau, J.; Lindner, A.; Fiedler, U.

    1987-01-01

    In the last years the interest in process control has expecially focused on problems of man-machine communication. It depends on its great importance to process performance and user acceptance. Advanced computerized operator aids, e.g. in nuclear power plants, are as well as their man-machine interface. In the Central Institute for Nuclear Research in Rossendorf a computerized operator support system for nuclear power plants is designed, which is involved in a decentralized process automation system. A similar but simpler system, the Hierarchical Informational System (HIS) at the Rossendorf Research Reactor, works with a computer controlled man-machine interface, based on menu. In the special case of the disturbance analysis program SAAP-2, which is included in the HIS, the limits of menu techniques are obviously. Therefore it seems to be necessary and with extended hard- and software possible to realize an user controlled natural language interface using Artificial Intelligence (AI) methods. The draft of such a system is described. It should be able to learn during a teaching phase all phrases and their meanings. The system will work on the basis of a self-organizing, associative data structure. It is used to recognize a great amount of words which are used in language analysis. Error recognition and, if possible, correction is done by means of a distance function in the word set. Language analysis should be carried out with a simplified word class controlled functional analysis. With this interface it is supposed to get experience in intelligent man-machine communication to enhance operational safety in future. (author)

  4. Preference Comparison of AI Power Tracing Techniques for Deregulated Power Markets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hussain Shareef

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper compares the two preference artificial intelligent (AI techniques, namely, artificial neural network (ANN and genetic algorithm optimized least square support vector machine (GA-LSSVM approach, to allocate the real power output of individual generators to system loads. Based on solved load flow results, it first uses modified nodal equation method (MNE to determine real power contribution from each generator to loads. Then the results of MNE method and load flow information are utilized to estimate the power transfer using AI techniques. The 25-bus equivalent system of south Malaysia is utilized as a test system to illustrate the effectiveness of the AI techniques compared to those of the MNE method. The AI methods provide the results in a faster and convenient manner with very good accuracy.

  5. So Sorry––Never Sorry. Ai Weiwei’s Art between Tradition and Modernity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tania Becker

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Ai Weiwei’s 艾未未 (b. 1957 artistic expression revolves around his use of traditional Chinese techniques to create new designs and forms, shaping traditional materials into contemporary configurations. In the face of obstruction from state officials and local politicians, Ai Weiwei exposes himself to considerable personal risk in order to continue his activities as an artist and stay loyal to his convictions. This paper examines the roots of Ai Weiwei’s work in Chinese art history and looks at how the artist has deliberately adapted traditional motifs to bring about a sense of alienation. Ai Weiwei’s unique stance between current trends in western art and the Chinese feeling for handicrafts is also explored.

  6. AI AND SAR APPROACHES FOR PREDICTING CHEMICAL CARCINOGENICITY: SURVEY AND STATUS REPORT

    Science.gov (United States)

    A wide variety of artificial intelligence (AI) and structure-activity relationship (SAR approaches have been applied to tackling the general problem of predicting rodent chemical carcinogenicity. Given the diversity of chemical structures and mechanisms relative to this endpoin...

  7. Application of artificial intelligence (AI) methods for designing and analysis of reconfigurable cellular manufacturing system (RCMS)

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Xing, B

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This work focuses on the design and control of a novel hybrid manufacturing system: Reconfigurable Cellular Manufacturing System (RCMS) by using Artificial Intelligence (AI) approach. It is hybrid as it combines the advantages of Cellular...

  8. Artificial Intelligent (AI) Based Cascade Multi-Level Inverter for Smart Nano Grid

    OpenAIRE

    S. Chatterji; S. L. Shimi

    2013-01-01

    As wind, solar and other clean and green energy sources gain popularity worldwide, engineers are seeking ways to make renewable energy systems more affordable and to integrate them with existing ac power grids. In the present paper an attempt has been made for integrating the PV arrays to the smart nano grid using an artificial intelligent (AI) based solar powered cascade multilevel inverter. The AI based controller switching scheme has been used for improving the power q...

  9. Beyond AI: Multi-Intelligence (MI) Combining Natural and Artificial Intelligences in Hybrid Beings and Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Stephen Fox

    2017-01-01

    Framing strongly influences actions among technology proponents and end-users. Underlying much debate about artificial intelligence (AI) are several fundamental shortcomings in its framing. First, discussion of AI is atheoretical, and therefore has limited potential for addressing the complexity of causation. Second, intelligence is considered from an anthropocentric perspective that sees human intelligence, and intelligence developed by humans, as superior to all other intelligences. Thus, t...

  10. Towards an unanimous international regulatory body for responsible use of Artificial Intelligence [UIRB-AI

    OpenAIRE

    Chidambaram, Rajesh

    2017-01-01

    Artificial Intelligence (AI), is once again in the phase of drastic advancements. Unarguably, the technology itself can revolutionize the way we live our everyday life. But the exponential growth of technology poses a daunting task for policy researchers and law makers in making amendments to the existing norms. In addition, not everyone in the society is studying the potential socio-economic intricacies and cultural drifts that AI can bring about. It is prudence to reflect from our historica...

  11. Tidal analysis and Arrival Process Mining Using Automatic Identification System (AIS) Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-01

    Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) tides and currents applications program interface ( API ): http://tidesandcurrents.noaa.gov/ api /. AIS data AIS...files, organized by location. The data were processed using the Python programming language (van Rossum and Drake 2001), the Pandas data analysis...McKinney, W. 2012. Python for data analysis. Sebastopol, CA: O’Reilly Media, Inc. Mitchell, K. N. April. 2012. A review of coastal navigation asset

  12. A role for Apolipoprotein A-I in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyers, Lindsay; Groover, Chassidy J; Douglas, Joshua; Lee, Sangmin; Brand, David; Levin, Michael C; Gardner, Lidia A

    2014-12-15

    Apolipoprotein A1 (Apo A-I), the most abundant component of high-density lipoprotein (HDL), is an anti-inflammatory molecule, yet its potential role in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS) has not been fully investigated. In this study, Western blot analyses of human plasma showed differential Apo A-I expression in healthy controls compared to MS patients. Further, primary progressive MS patients had less plasma Apo A-I than other forms of MS. Using experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE) as a model for MS, Apo A-I deficient mice exhibited worse clinical disease and more neurodegeneration concurrent with increased levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines compared to wild-type animals. These data suggest that Apo A-I plays a role in the pathogenesis of EAE, a model for MS, creating the possibility for agents that increase Apo A-I levels as potential therapies for MS. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  13. Combining AI Methods for Learning Bots in a Real-Time Strategy Game

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robin Baumgarten

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available We describe an approach for simulating human game-play in strategy games using a variety of AI techniques, including simulated annealing, decision tree learning, and case-based reasoning. We have implemented an AI-bot that uses these techniques to form a novel approach for planning fleet movements and attacks in DEFCON, a nuclear war simulation strategy game released in 2006 by Introversion Software Ltd. The AI-bot retrieves plans from a case-base of recorded games, then uses these to generate a new plan using a method based on decision tree learning. In addition, we have implemented more sophisticated control over low-level actions that enable the AI-bot to synchronize bombing runs, and used a simulated annealing approach for assigning bombing targets to planes and opponent cities to missiles. We describe how our AI-bot operates, and the experimentation we have performed in order to determine an optimal configuration for it. With this configuration, our AI-bot beats Introversion's finite state machine automated player in 76.7% of 150 matches played. We briefly introduce the notion of ability versus enjoyability and discuss initial results of a survey we conducted with human players.

  14. Asymmetric DNA recognition by the OkrAI endonuclease, an isoschizomer of BamHI

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vanamee, Éva Scheuring; Viadiu, Hector; Chan, Siu-Hong; Ummat, Ajay; Hartline, Adrian M.; Xu, Shuang-yong; Aggarwal, Aneel K. (Mount Sinai Hospital); (NEB)

    2011-11-18

    Restriction enzymes share little or no sequence homology with the exception of isoschizomers, or enzymes that recognize and cleave the same DNA sequence. We present here the structure of a BamHI isoschizomer, OkrAI, bound to the same DNA sequence (TATGGATCCATA) as that cocrystallized with BamHI. We show that OkrAI is a more minimal version of BamHI, lacking not only the N- and C-terminal helices but also an internal 310 helix and containing {beta}-strands that are shorter than those in BamHI. Despite these structural differences, OkrAI recognizes the DNA in a remarkably similar manner to BamHI, including asymmetric contacts via C-terminal 'arms' that appear to 'compete' for the minor groove. However, the arms are shorter than in BamHI. We observe similar DNA-binding affinities between OkrAI and BamHI but OkrAI has higher star activity (at 37 C) compared to BamHI. Together, the OkrAI and BamHI structures offer a rare opportunity to compare two restriction enzymes that work on exactly the same DNA substrate.

  15. Séroprévalence et facteurs associés à l’acceptation du Conseil et Dépistage Volontaire du VIH chez l’enfant à Lubumbashi, République Démocratique du Congo

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ngwej, Dieudonné Tshikwej; Mukuku, Olivier; Malonga, Françoise Kaj; Luboya, Oscar Numbi; Kakoma, Jean-Baptiste Sakatolo; Wembonyama, Stanis Okitotsho

    2017-01-01

    Résumé Introduction Malgré le dépistage du VIH proposé lors de la naissance ou au cours des consultations préscolaires, la proportion des enfants qui croissent ou décèdent sous statut sérologique au VIH inconnu est importante en République Démocratique du Congo (RDC). L’objectif de cette étude était de déterminer la séroprévalence au cours d’un dépistage volontaire et d’identifier les facteurs associés à l’acceptation du conseil et dépistage du VIH (CDV) en dehors de la maladie ou de toute exposition au VIH dans une population pédiatrique à Lubumbashi, RDC. Méthodes Il s’agissait d’une étude prospective transversale à visée analytique menée du 1er août 2006 au 31 septembre 2007. Elle avait été réalisée dans 4 centres communautaires de CDV répartis dans 4 zones de santé de la ville de Lubumbashi en RDC (Lubumbashi, Ruashi, Kampemba et de Kenya). L’étude avait consisté à faire le dépistage volontaire du VIH chez les enfants de moins de 15 ans. Les caractéristiques sociodémographiques et les paramètres relatifs au conseil et dépistage volontaire ont été étudiés. Les analyses statistiques descriptives usuelles et une régression logistique ont été réalisées. Résultats Sur 463 enfants dépistés du VIH, 41 (8,9%; IC 95%: 6,5%-11,9%) ont été testés positifs. L’acceptation du conseil et dépistage volontaire du VIH en dehors de la maladie ou de l’exposition au VIH était significativement plus élevée lorsque l’enfant était âgé de plus de 2 ans (Odds ratio ajusté (ORa) = 3,6 [IC 95%: 1,1-12,2]), lorsque le statut sérologique du VIH des parents était négatif ou inconnu (ORa = 27,4 [IC 95%: 9,4-80,0]), lorsque l’un ou l’autre ou les deux parents biologiques étaient en vie (ORa = 24,9 [IC 95%: 2,4-250,8]) et lorsque la connaissance du lieu de dépistage était fait par des moyens autres que le professionnel de santé (ORa = 2,9 [IC 95%: 1,0-7,9]). Conclusion Notre étude montre une forte

  16. AIS>2 in at least two body regions: a potential new anatomical definition of polytrauma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Butcher, Nerida; Balogh, Zsolt J

    2012-02-01

    The term 'polytrauma' lacks a universally accepted, validated definition. In clinical trials the commonly applied injury severity based anatomical score cut-offs are ISS > 15, ISS > 17 and a recently recommended AIS > 2 in at least two body regions (2 × AIS > 2). To compare the outcomes of clinically defined polytrauma patients with those defined based on anatomical scores. A prospective observational study on all trauma team activation patients over a 7-month period presenting at a level-1 trauma centre were included in the study. The prospective data collection included AIS in each body region, ISS, ICU length of stay (LOS), multiple organ failure (MOF) and mortality. 336 patients met inclusion criteria (age: 41 ± 20, 74% male, ISS: 15 ± 11, NISS: 19 ± 15, MOF: 3%, mortality: 4%, 25% ICU admission). ISS > 15: 13 deaths (10%), 71 (54%) required ICU admission and 10 (8%) developed MOF. ISS > 17 captured 11 deaths (11%), with 63 (62%) requiring ICU admission and 10 (10%) developing MOF. Defining as (2 × AIS > 2): 8 deaths (13% of the group), with 43 patients requiring ICU admission (67%) and 9 (14%) developing MOF. When examining the performance of these three approaches, the ISS > 15 and the ISS > 17 captured statistically the same amount of clinically defined polytrauma patients (p = 0.4106), while the 2 × AIS > 2 definition captured significantly more polytrauma patients than ISS > 15 (p = 0.0251) and ISS > 17 (p = 0.0019). 2 × AIS > 2 captured the greatest percentage of the worst outcomes and significantly larger % of the clinically defined polytrauma patients. 2 × AIS > 2 has higher accuracy and precision in defining polytrauma than ISS > 15 and ISS > 17. This simple, retrospectively also reproducible criteria warrants larger scale validation. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. Probing the run-on oligomer of activated SgrAI bound to DNA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shah, Santosh; Sanchez, Jonathan; Stewart, Andrew; Piperakis, Michael M; Cosstick, Richard; Nichols, Claire; Park, Chad K; Ma, Xin; Wysocki, Vicki; Bitinaite, Jurate; Horton, Nancy C

    2015-01-01

    SgrAI is a type II restriction endonuclease with an unusual mechanism of activation involving run-on oligomerization. The run-on oligomer is formed from complexes of SgrAI bound to DNA containing its 8 bp primary recognition sequence (uncleaved or cleaved), and also binds (and thereby activates for DNA cleavage) complexes of SgrAI bound to secondary site DNA sequences which contain a single base substitution in either the 1st/8th or the 2nd/7th position of the primary recognition sequence. This modulation of enzyme activity via run-on oligomerization is a newly appreciated phenomenon that has been shown for a small but increasing number of enzymes. One outstanding question regarding the mechanistic model for SgrAI is whether or not the activating primary site DNA must be cleaved by SgrAI prior to inducing activation. Herein we show that an uncleavable primary site DNA containing a 3'-S-phosphorothiolate is in fact able to induce activation. In addition, we now show that cleavage of secondary site DNA can be activated to nearly the same degree as primary, provided a sufficient number of flanking base pairs are present. We also show differences in activation and cleavage of the two types of secondary site, and that effects of selected single site substitutions in SgrAI, as well as measured collisional cross-sections from previous work, are consistent with the cryo-electron microscopy model for the run-on activated oligomer of SgrAI bound to DNA.

  18. Probing the run-on oligomer of activated SgrAI bound to DNA.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santosh Shah

    Full Text Available SgrAI is a type II restriction endonuclease with an unusual mechanism of activation involving run-on oligomerization. The run-on oligomer is formed from complexes of SgrAI bound to DNA containing its 8 bp primary recognition sequence (uncleaved or cleaved, and also binds (and thereby activates for DNA cleavage complexes of SgrAI bound to secondary site DNA sequences which contain a single base substitution in either the 1st/8th or the 2nd/7th position of the primary recognition sequence. This modulation of enzyme activity via run-on oligomerization is a newly appreciated phenomenon that has been shown for a small but increasing number of enzymes. One outstanding question regarding the mechanistic model for SgrAI is whether or not the activating primary site DNA must be cleaved by SgrAI prior to inducing activation. Herein we show that an uncleavable primary site DNA containing a 3'-S-phosphorothiolate is in fact able to induce activation. In addition, we now show that cleavage of secondary site DNA can be activated to nearly the same degree as primary, provided a sufficient number of flanking base pairs are present. We also show differences in activation and cleavage of the two types of secondary site, and that effects of selected single site substitutions in SgrAI, as well as measured collisional cross-sections from previous work, are consistent with the cryo-electron microscopy model for the run-on activated oligomer of SgrAI bound to DNA.

  19. DNA inversion within the apolipoproteins AI/CIII/AIV-encoding gene cluster of certain patients with premature atherosclerosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Karathanasis, S.K.; Ferris, E.; Haddad, I.A.

    1987-01-01

    The genes coding for apolipoproteins (apo) AI, CIII, and AIV, designated APOA1, APOC3, and APOA4, respectively, are closely linked and tandemly organized in the long arm of the human chromosome 11. A DNA rearrangement involving the genes encoding apoAI and apoCIII in certain patients with premature atherosclerosis has been associated with deficiency of both apoAI and apoCIII in the plasma of these patients. Structural characterization of the genes for apoAI and apoCIII in one of these patients indicates that this rearrangement consists of a DNA inversion containing portions of the 3' ends of the apoAI and apoCIII genes, including the DNA region between these genes. The breakpoints of this DNA inversion are located within the fourth exon of the apoAI gene and the first intron of the apoCIII gene. Thus, this DNA inversion results in reciprocal fusion of the apoAI and apoCIII gene transcriptional units. Expression of these gene fusions in cultured mammalian cells results in stable mRNA transcripts with sequences representing fusions of the apoAI and apoCIII mRNAs. These results indicate that absence of transcripts with correct apoAI and apoCIII mRNA sequences causes apoAI and apoCIII deficiency in the plasma of these patients and suggest that these apolipoproteins are involved in cholesterol homeostasis and protection against premature atherosclerosis

  20. Effects of Ai Chi and Yamamoto new scalp acupuncture on chronic low back pain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bárbara Maria Camilotti

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction : Low Back pain affects a large part of the population and represents a major socioeconomic problem. There are many resources for treatment of this symptom, among them: acupuncture and aquatic therapy. Objective : To compare the effects of an aquatic physical therapy program (AI CHI and Yamamoto New Scalp Acupuncture (YNSA in pain intensity and functionality in patients with chronic low back pain. Material and methods : a clinical trial with a randomized sample. Sixty six individuals with chronic low back pain, of both genders were selected, however 44 individuals completed the study. The individuals were divided into three groups AI CHI (n = 15, YNSA (n = 15 and Control (n = 14. Ten 10 interventions with a program of aquatic therapy method (Ai Chi and Yamamoto New Scalp Acupuncture (YNSA, were made, twice a week. The control group received the intervention only after the end of the study. Pain intensity was assessed by a visual analogue scale (VAS and the functional capacity by Owestry functionality Index. Results : There was significant reduction in pain and improvement in functional capacity (p < 0.05 in YNSA and AI CHI and when compared to the control group. Conclusion : It was concluded that the YNSA and AI CHI were effective in reducing pain and improving the functionality of the lumbar spine in patients with chronic low back pain.

  1. A regulator's viewpoint on the use of AI in the nuclear industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wainwright, N.

    1995-01-01

    The regulatory position within the UK places the responsibility for safety on a nuclear site with the licensee. The licensee must produce a safety case that demonstrates that the plant is safe. Assessment of this safety case is performed by the regulator in the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) using HSE's published Safety Assessment Principles. This paper presents the personal views of a regulator on the use of artificial intelligence (AI) in the nuclear industry. The AI-based system considered are restricted to expert systems, neural networks and fuzzy logic. Some of the safety issues are discussed. The particular concerns associated with software-based systems are compounded by some of the inherent problems of AI-based systems. Such is the nature of these concerns that an acceptable safety case will be difficult to mount for safety systems and post-accident monitoring systems. However, given the present maturity of the technology, acceptable safety cases might be formulated in the areas of operator advisory systems designed to reduce accident frequencies, and robotics where dose reduction is important. There are also arguments that suggests that suitable safety cases could be formulated for AI-based plant control systems. Nevertheless, AI-based systems should be treated with caution - further research is required into suitable designs and safety demonstration techniques. (author)

  2. Emerging trends in geospatial artificial intelligence (geoAI): potential applications for environmental epidemiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    VoPham, Trang; Hart, Jaime E; Laden, Francine; Chiang, Yao-Yi

    2018-04-17

    Geospatial artificial intelligence (geoAI) is an emerging scientific discipline that combines innovations in spatial science, artificial intelligence methods in machine learning (e.g., deep learning), data mining, and high-performance computing to extract knowledge from spatial big data. In environmental epidemiology, exposure modeling is a commonly used approach to conduct exposure assessment to determine the distribution of exposures in study populations. geoAI technologies provide important advantages for exposure modeling in environmental epidemiology, including the ability to incorporate large amounts of big spatial and temporal data in a variety of formats; computational efficiency; flexibility in algorithms and workflows to accommodate relevant characteristics of spatial (environmental) processes including spatial nonstationarity; and scalability to model other environmental exposures across different geographic areas. The objectives of this commentary are to provide an overview of key concepts surrounding the evolving and interdisciplinary field of geoAI including spatial data science, machine learning, deep learning, and data mining; recent geoAI applications in research; and potential future directions for geoAI in environmental epidemiology.

  3. Thiophenone Attenuates Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli O103:H2 Virulence by Interfering with AI-2 Signaling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Witsø, Ingun Lund; Valen Rukke, Håkon; Benneche, Tore; Aamdal Scheie, Anne

    2016-01-01

    Interference with bacterial quorum sensing communication provides an anti-virulence strategy to control pathogenic bacteria. Here, using the Enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC) O103:H2, we showed for the first time that thiophenone TF101 reduced expression of lsrB; the gene encoding the AI-2 receptor. Combined results of transcriptional and phenotypic analyses suggested that TF101 interfere with AI-2 signalling, possibly by competing with AI-2 for binding to LsrB. This is supported by in silico docking prediction of thiophenone TF101 in the LsrB pocket. Transcriptional analyses furthermore showed that thiophenone TF101 interfered with expression of the virulence genes eae and fimH. In addition, TF101 reduced AI-2 induced E. coli adhesion to colorectal adenocarcinoma cells. TF101, on the other hand, did not affect epinephrine or norepinephrine enhanced E. coli adhesion. Overall, our results showed that thiophenone TF101 interfered with virulence expression in E. coli O103:H2, suggestedly by interfering with AI-2 mediated quorum sensing. We thus conclude that thiophenone TF101 might represent a promising future anti-virulence agent in the fight against pathogenic E. coli.

  4. A study on the applications of AI in finishing of additive manufacturing parts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fathima Patham, K.

    2017-06-01

    Artificial intelligent and computer simulation are the technological powerful tools for solving complex problems in the manufacturing industries. Additive Manufacturing is one of the powerful manufacturing techniques that provide design flexibilities to the products. The products with complex shapes are directly manufactured without the need of any machining and tooling using Additive Manufacturing. However, the main drawback of the components produced using the Additive Manufacturing processes is the quality of the surfaces. This study aims to minimize the defects caused during Additive Manufacturing with the aid of Artificial Intelligence. The developed AI system has three layers, each layer is trying to eliminate or minimize the production errors. The first layer of the AI system optimizes the digitization of the 3D CAD model of the product and hence reduces the stair case errors. The second layer of the AI system optimizes the 3D printing machine parameters in order to eliminate the warping effect. The third layer of AI system helps to choose the surface finishing technique suitable for the printed component based on the Degree of Complexity of the product and the material. The efficiency of the developed AI system was examined on the functional parts such as gears.

  5. Thiophenone Attenuates Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli O103:H2 Virulence by Interfering with AI-2 Signaling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valen Rukke, Håkon; Benneche, Tore; Aamdal Scheie, Anne

    2016-01-01

    Interference with bacterial quorum sensing communication provides an anti-virulence strategy to control pathogenic bacteria. Here, using the Enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC) O103:H2, we showed for the first time that thiophenone TF101 reduced expression of lsrB; the gene encoding the AI-2 receptor. Combined results of transcriptional and phenotypic analyses suggested that TF101 interfere with AI-2 signalling, possibly by competing with AI-2 for binding to LsrB. This is supported by in silico docking prediction of thiophenone TF101 in the LsrB pocket. Transcriptional analyses furthermore showed that thiophenone TF101 interfered with expression of the virulence genes eae and fimH. In addition, TF101 reduced AI-2 induced E. coli adhesion to colorectal adenocarcinoma cells. TF101, on the other hand, did not affect epinephrine or norepinephrine enhanced E. coli adhesion. Overall, our results showed that thiophenone TF101 interfered with virulence expression in E. coli O103:H2, suggestedly by interfering with AI-2 mediated quorum sensing. We thus conclude that thiophenone TF101 might represent a promising future anti-virulence agent in the fight against pathogenic E. coli. PMID:27309855

  6. Differentiation between Bacillus thuringiensis strains by gyrB PCR-Sau3AI fingerprinting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Awad, Mireille Kallassy; Saadaoui, Imène; Rouis, Souad; Tounsi, Slim; Jaoua, Samir

    2007-02-01

    gyrB DNA fragments of seven Bacillus thuringiensis local collection family representatives were amplified by PCR and sequenced. Several differences in their corresponding sequences were evidenced. Both in silico and in vitro restriction maps of gyrB sequences and fragments respectively confirmed that EcoRI and Sau3AI could be used to differentiate between B. thuringiensis strains. However, the phylogeny analysis showed that only the gyrB PCR-Sau3AI allows a strains classification that correlates very well with that obtained on the basis of the sequences analysis. Thus, these finds show that gyrB PCR- Sau3AI digestion could be considered as an efficient, rapid, and easy method to make a distinction, not only between strains belonging to the Bacillus cereus group, but also between those belonging to B. thuringiensis.

  7. An AI-based layout design system for nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fujita, Kikuo; Akagi, Shinsuke; Nakatogawa, Tetsundo; Tanaka, Kazuo; Takeuchi, Makoto.

    1991-01-01

    An AI-based layout design system for nuclear power plants has been developed. The design of the layout of nuclear power plants is a time-consuming task requiring expertise, in which a lot of machinery and equipment must be arranged in a plant building considering various kinds of design constraints, i.e. spatial, functional, economical etc. Computer aided layout design systems have been widely expected and the application of AI technology is expected as a promising approach for the synthesis phase of this task. In this paper, we present an approach to the layout design of nuclear power plants based on a constraint-directed search; one of the AI techniques. In addition, we show how it was implemented with an object-oriented programming technique and give an example of its application. (author)

  8. Molecular characterization of AI viruses from poultry and wild bird surveillance in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Lars Erik; Krog, Jesper Schak; Madsen, Jesper J.

    Infection with avian influenza virus (AIV) in poultry may cause devastating disease although the same virus may not cause disease in wild birds. Since AI viruses can be exchanged between poultry and wild birds, surveillance in wild birds provides important knowledge for control of disease...... in poultry. AIV’s from the Danish wild bird active surveillance were characterized, focusing on viruses from 2012, and from outbreaks of AI in poultry in Denmark. The matrix (M) gene from more than 50 viruses of different subtypes and the hemagglutinin (HA) gene from more than 30 subtype H5 low pathogenic...... viruses were sequenced and compared by alignment and phylogenetic analyses. The aim was to evaluate: the origin of viruses from outbreaks of AI in Danish poultry, the design of active surveillance in Denmark, and the suitability of the molecular diagnostic RT-PCR tests employed. All M-genes from Danish...

  9. AI based HealthCare Platform for Real Time, Predictive and Prescriptive Analytics using Reactive Programming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaur, Jagreet; Singh Mann, Kulwinder, Dr.

    2018-01-01

    AI in Healthcare needed to bring real, actionable insights and Individualized insights in real time for patients and Doctors to support treatment decisions., We need a Patient Centred Platform for integrating EHR Data, Patient Data, Prescriptions, Monitoring, Clinical research and Data. This paper proposes a generic architecture for enabling AI based healthcare analytics Platform by using open sources Technologies Apache beam, Apache Flink Apache Spark, Apache NiFi, Kafka, Tachyon, Gluster FS, NoSQL- Elasticsearch, Cassandra. This paper will show the importance of applying AI based predictive and prescriptive analytics techniques in Health sector. The system will be able to extract useful knowledge that helps in decision making and medical monitoring in real-time through an intelligent process analysis and big data processing.

  10. Le genre discursif comme objet d’enseignement en didactique du français

    OpenAIRE

    Claudel Chantal; Laurens Véronique

    2016-01-01

    Le tournant communicatif des années 1970 a marqué l’évolution des travaux en didactique du français en orientant l’enseignement de la langue à partir de l’étude de documents et de contextes de communication variés. Dans cette perspective, les objets langagiers privilégiés sont le genre discursif et l’acte de parole. Si en didactique du français langue première (FL1), l’accès à la langue semble s’effectuer principalement par l’entremise des genres, en didactique du français langue étrangère (F...

  11. Integration of AI-2 Based Cell-Cell Signaling with Metabolic Cues in Escherichia coli.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arindam Mitra

    Full Text Available The quorum sensing molecule Autoinducer-2 (AI-2 is generated as a byproduct of activated methyl cycle by the action of LuxS in Escherichia coli. AI-2 is synthesized, released and later internalized in a cell-density dependent manner. Here, by mutational analysis of the genes, uvrY and csrA, we describe a regulatory circuit of accumulation and uptake of AI-2. We constructed a single-copy chromosomal luxS-lacZ fusion in a luxS + merodiploid strain and evaluated its relative expression in uvrY and csrA mutants. At the entry of stationary phase, the expression of the fusion and AI-2 accumulation was positively regulated by uvrY and negatively regulated by csrA respectively. A deletion of csrA altered message stability of the luxS transcript and CsrA protein exhibited weak binding to 5' luxS regulatory region. DNA protein interaction and chromatin immunoprecipitation analysis confirmed direct interaction of UvrY with the luxS promoter. Additionally, reduced expression of the fusion in hfq deletion mutant suggested involvement of small RNA interactions in luxS regulation. In contrast, the expression of lsrA operon involved in AI-2 uptake, is negatively regulated by uvrY and positively by csrA in a cell-density dependent manner. The dual role of csrA in AI-2 synthesis and uptake suggested a regulatory crosstalk of cell signaling with carbon regulation in Escherichia coli. We found that the cAMP-CRP mediated catabolite repression of luxS expression was uvrY dependent. This study suggests that luxS expression is complex and regulated at the level of transcription and translation. The multifactorial regulation supports the notion that cell-cell communication requires interaction and integration of multiple metabolic signals.

  12. Development of a robust mapping between AIS 2+ and ICD-9 injury codes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnard, Ryan T; Loftis, Kathryn L; Martin, R Shayn; Stitzel, Joel D

    2013-03-01

    Motor vehicle crashes result in millions of injuries and thousands of deaths each year in the United States. While most crash research datasets use Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) codes to identify injuries, most hospital datasets use the International Classification of Diseases, version 9 (ICD-9) codes. The objective of this research was to establish a one-to-one mapping between AIS and ICD-9 codes for use with motor vehicle crash injury research. This paper presents results from investigating different mapping approaches using the most common AIS 2+ injuries from the National Automotive Sampling System-Crashworthiness Data System (NASS-CDS). The mapping approaches were generated from the National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB) (428,637 code pairs), ICDMAP (2500 code pairs), and the Crash Injury Research and Engineering Network (CIREN) (4125 code pairs). Each approach may pair given AIS code with more than one ICD-9 code (mean number of pairs per AIS code: NTDB=211, ICDMAP=7, CIREN=5), and some of the potential pairs are unrelated. The mappings were evaluated using two comparative metrics coupled with qualitative inspection by an expert physician. Based on the number of false mappings and correct pairs, the best mapping was derived from CIREN. AIS and ICD-9 codes in CIREN are both manually coded, leading to more proper mappings between the two. Using the mapping presented herein, data from crash and hospital datasets can be used together to better understand and prevent motor vehicle crash injuries in the future. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. Remote Stratigraphic Analysis: Combined TM and AIS Results in the Wind River/bighorn Basin Area, Wyoming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lang, H. R.; Paylor, E. D.; Adams, S.

    1985-01-01

    An in-progress study demonstrates the utility of airborne imaging spectrometer (AIS) data for unraveling the stratigraphic evolution of a North American, western interior foreland basin. AIS data are used to determine the stratigraphic distribution of mineralogical facies that are diagnostic of specific depositional environments. After wavelength and amplitude calibration using natural ground targets with known spectral characteristics, AIS data identify calcite, dolomite, gypsum and montmorillonite-bearing strata in the Permian-Cretaceous sequence. Combined AIS and TM results illustrate the feasibility of spectral stratigraphy, remote analysis of stratigraphic sequences.

  14. High levels of apolipoprotein B/AI ratio are associated with intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Jong-Ho; Hong, Keun-Sik; Lee, Eun-Ja; Lee, Juneyoung; Kim, Dong-Eog

    2011-11-01

    The apolipoprotein B (apoB)/apoAI ratio is recognized as a better indicator of cardiovascular disease than other cholesterol measures. Whether intracranial or extracranial atherosclerosis is more closely associated with an increased apoB/apoAI ratio has not been investigated. A total of 464 statin or fibrate naïve Korean patients with acute ischemic stroke was categorized into 3 groups: intracranial (ICAS, n=236), extracranial (n=44), and no cerebral atherosclerotic stenosis (n=184). The apoB/apoAI ratio and demographics, including the presence of metabolic syndrome, were compared among the groups. The ICAS group showed a higher apoB/apoAI ratio (0.81±0.02) than both the extracranial atherosclerotic stenosis (0.74±0.03) and no cerebral atherosclerotic stenosis (0.72±0.02) groups (P=0.002). The ratio was substantially increased (0.93±0.03) in patients with advanced ICAS (≥3 intracranial stenoses). With a multivariable analysis, the highest apoB/apoAI ratio quartile was an independent predictor of ICAS (OR, 2.13; 95% CI, 1.05 to 4.33). A dose-response relationship was observed between the presence of advanced ICAS and the apoB/apoAI ratio quartiles (OR, 4.03; 95% CI, 1.26 to 12.88 for the second quartile; OR, 4.88; 95% CI, 1.54 to 15.49 for the third quartile; and OR, 7.79; 95% CI, 2.41 to 25.16 for the fourth quartile when referenced to the first quartile). Patients having more metabolic syndrome components were more likely to have ICAS, advanced ICAS, and a higher apoB/apoAI ratio (Pratio is a predictor of ICAS rather than of extracranial atherosclerotic stenosis or no cerebral atherosclerotic stenosis. The apoB/apoAI ratio might be a biomarker for ICAS in Asian patients with stroke.

  15. Effects of herd origin, AI stud and sire identification on genetic evaluation of Holstein Friesian bulls

    OpenAIRE

    Giovanni Bittante; Paolo Carnier; Luigi Gallo Gallo; Riccardo Dal Zotto; Martino Cassandro

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to estimate the effects of herd origin of bull, AI stud and sire identification number (ID)  on official estimated breeding values (EBV) for production traits of Holstein Friesian proven bulls. The data included 1,005  Italian Holstein-Friesian bulls, sons of 76 sires, born in 100 herds and progeny tested by 10 AI studs. Bulls were required  to have date of first proof between September 1992 and September 1997, to be born in a herd with at least on...

  16. Kingipaanika, ai, ai, ai! / Mari Rebane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rebane, Mari

    2003-01-01

    Jõulukingituseks sobilike raamatute ja heliplaatide tutvustus. Heliplaadid: Urmas Alender "Kohtumine Albertiga", Tõnu Tepandi "Kõlakoda", Pet Shop Boys "Pop Art", Erasure "Very Best Of", Depeche Mode "101", Kylie Minogue "Body Language", Korn "Take a Look in the Mirror", "Once Upon a time in Mexico"

  17. Cognitive Maps, AI Agents and Personalized Virtual Environments in Internet Learning Experiences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maule, R. William

    1998-01-01

    Develops frameworks to help Internet media designers address end-user information presentation preferences by advancing structures for assessing metadata design variables which are then linked to user cognitive styles. An underlying theme is that artificial intelligence (AI) methodologies may be used to help automate the Internet media design…

  18. Secondhand Tobacco Smoke Exposure and Lung Adenocarcinoma In Situ/Minimally Invasive Adenocarcinoma (AIS/MIA).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Claire H; Lee, Yuan-Chin Amy; Hung, Rayjean J; Boffetta, Paolo; Xie, Dong; Wampfler, Jason A; Cote, Michele L; Chang, Shen-Chih; Ugolini, Donatella; Neri, Monica; Le Marchand, Loic; Schwartz, Ann G; Morgenstern, Hal; Christiani, David C; Yang, Ping; Zhang, Zuo-Feng

    2015-12-01

    The aim of this study was to estimate the effect of exposure to secondhand tobacco smoke on the incidence of lung adenocarcinoma in situ/minimally invasive adenocarcinoma (AIS/MIA). Data from seven case-control studies participating in the International Lung Cancer Consortium (ILCCO) were pooled, resulting in 625 cases of AIS/MIA and 7,403 controls, of whom 170 cases and 3,035 controls were never smokers. Unconditional logistic regression was used to estimate adjusted ORs (ORadj) and 95% confidence intervals (CI), controlling for age, sex, race, smoking status (ever/never), and pack-years of smoking. Study center was included in the models as a random-effects intercept term. Ever versus never exposure to secondhand tobacco smoke was positively associated with AIS/MIA incidence in all subjects (ORadj = 1.48; 95% CI, 1.14-1.93) and in never smokers (ORadj = 1.45; 95% CI, 1.00-2.12). There was, however, appreciable heterogeneity of ORadj across studies (P = 0.01), and the pooled estimates were largely influenced by one large study (40% of all cases and 30% of all controls). These findings provide weak evidence for an effect of secondhand tobacco smoke exposure on AIS/MIA incidence. Further studies are needed to assess the impact of secondhand tobacco smoke exposure using the newly recommended classification of subtypes of lung adenocarcinoma. ©2015 American Association for Cancer Research.

  19. Prediction of shipboard electromagnetic interference (EMI) problems using artificial intelligence (AI) technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swanson, David J.

    1990-08-01

    The electromagnetic interference prediction problem is characteristically ill-defined and complicated. Severe EMI problems are prevalent throughout the U.S. Navy, causing both expected and unexpected impacts on the operational performance of electronic combat systems onboard ships. This paper focuses on applying artificial intelligence (AI) technology to the prediction of ship related electromagnetic interference (EMI) problems.

  20. Using Ontological Engineering to Overcome AI-ED Problems: Contribution, Impact and Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mizoguchi, Riichiro; Bourdeau, Jacqueline

    2016-01-01

    This article reflects on the ontology engineering methodology discussed by the paper entitled "Using Ontological Engineering to Overcome AI-ED Problems" published in this journal in 2000. We discuss the achievements obtained in the last 10 years, the impact of our work as well as recent trends and perspectives in ontology engineering for…

  1. NASA space station automation: AI-based technology review. Executive summary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Firschein, O.; Georgeff, M. P.; Park, W.; Cheeseman, P. C.; Goldberg, J.; Neumann, P.; Kautz, W. H.; Levitt, K. N.; Rom, R. J.; Poggio, A. A.

    1985-01-01

    Research and Development projects in automation technology for the Space Station are described. Artificial Intelligence (AI) based technologies are planned to enhance crew safety through reduced need for EVA, increase crew productivity through the reduction of routine operations, increase space station autonomy, and augment space station capability through the use of teleoperation and robotics.

  2. LE RACCOMANDAZIONI SERVONO? MORAL SUASION SULLA GEO-LOCALIZZAZIONE PER SERVIZI AI CITTADINI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauro Salvemini

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Con modestia, ma con determinazione AMFM GIS Italia ha inteso esercitare la suafunzione di entità non governativa elaborando nell'anno in corso nove raccomandazioni circa LA GEO-LOCALIZZAZIONE COME ELEMENTO UNIFICANTE DELLE AZIONI E DELLE INFORMAZIONI PER I SERVIZI AI CITTADINI.

  3. 77 FR 68150 - Meeting of the SANE/SART AI/AN Initiative Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-15

    .../SART AI/AN Initiative Committee AGENCY: Office for Victims of Crime, Justice. ACTION: Notice of meeting... Office for Victims of Crime (OVC) to promote culturally relevant, victim-centered responses to sexual... Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians at the Agua Caliente Spa Hotel, located at E. Tahquitz Canyon...

  4. Atoms in Valence Bond – AiVB : synopsis and test results

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zielinski, M.L.; van Lenthe, J.H.

    2010-01-01

    The Atoms in Valence Bond (AiVB) method, a new approach in the Valence Bond, is introduced. This approach combines the ideas behind the early Atoms in Molecules (AIM) developments, e.g. by Moffit [21], to understand a molecular wave function in terms of proper atomic wave functions, with the

  5. AI-based adaptive control and design of autopilot system for ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Artificial Intelligence (AI)-based controllers such as fuzzy logic PD, fuzzy logic PD + I, self-tuning fuzzy logic PID (STF-PID) controller and fuzzy logic-based sliding mode adaptive controller (FLSMAC) are designed for stable autopilot system and are compared with conventional PI controller. The target of throttle, speed and ...

  6. Lexique Pove–Français/Français– Pove, Mickala Manfoumbi ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    rbr

    Français/Français–. Pove (Mickala Manfoumbi 2004) fait par Mavoungou (2005). En dehors des réserves sur les ques- tions purement lexicographiques, l'ouvrage de Mickala Manfoumbi suscite des interrogations inté- ressantes qui dépassent le ...

  7. Pathologies of AI: Responsible use of artificial intelligence in professional work

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stamper, R.K.

    1988-01-01

    Although the AI paradigm is useful for building knowledge-based systems for the applied natural sciences, there are dangers when it is extended into the domains of business, law and other social systems. It is misleading to treat knowledge as a commodity that can be separated from the context in

  8. so~ : ~e[)ical i~()ressi( ~s of ai)yssi~ia

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    OF AI)YSSI~IA. Before going into the proper matter of this paper it might not be out of place to say a few things about Abyssinia generally. That area of greater Ethiopia conquered by the Italians in their 1935 Campaign comprises .... emptying several 250 cc ampoules into a large container with a concomitant danger of con-.

  9. Conformational switching and fibrillogenesis in the amyloidogenic fragment of apolipoprotein a-I.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andreola, Alessia; Bellotti, Vittorio; Giorgetti, Sofia; Mangione, Palma; Obici, Laura; Stoppini, Monica; Torres, Jaume; Monzani, Enrico; Merlini, Giampaolo; Sunde, Margaret

    2003-01-24

    The N-terminal portion of apolipoprotein A-I corresponding to the first 93 residues has been identified as the main component of apolipoprotein A-I fibrils in a form of systemic amyloidosis. We have been able to characterize the process of conformational switching and fibrillogenesis in this fragment of apolipoprotein A-I purified directly from ex vivo amyloid material. The peptide exists in an unstructured form in aqueous solution at neutral pH. The acidification of the solution provokes a collapse into a more compact, intermediate state and the transient appearance of a helical conformation that rapidly converts to a stable, mainly beta-structure in the fibrils. The transition from helical to sheet structure occurs concomitantly with peptide self-aggregation, and fibrils are detected after 72 h. The alpha-helical conformation is induced by the addition of trifluoroethanol and phospholipids. Interaction of the amyloidogenic polypeptide with phospholipids prevents the switching from helical to beta-sheet form and inhibits fibril formation. The secondary structure propensity of the apolipoprotein A-I fragment appears poised between helix and the beta-sheet. These findings reinforce the idea of a delicate balance between natively stabilizing interactions and fatally stabilizing interactions and stress the importance of cellular localization and environment in the maintenance of protein conformation.

  10. Validation of an ICD-9-CM and ICD-10-CM map to AIS 2005 Update 2008.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glerum, Kimberly M; Zonfrillo, Mark R

    2017-11-10

    Although the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) is the most widely used severity scoring system for traumatic injuries, hospitals are required to document and bill based on the International Classification of Diseases (ICD). An expert panel recently developed a map between ICD-9-CM and ICD-10-CM to AIS 2005 Update 2008. This study aimed to validate the recently developed map using a large trauma registry. The map demonstrated moderate to substantial agreement for maximum AIS (MAIS) scores per body region based on expert chart review versus map-derived values (range: 44%-86%). Injury Severity Scores (ISSs) calculated from expert coders versus map-derived values were also compared and demonstrated moderate agreement (ICD-9-CM: 48%, ICD-10-CM: 54%). Although not a perfect conversion tool, the new ICD-AIS map provides a systematic method to assign injury severity for datasets with only ICD-9-CM and ICD-10-CM codes available and can be used for future injury-related research and data analysis. © Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

  11. Trimerization of apolipoprotein A-I retards plasma clearance and preserves antiatherosclerotic properties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Graversen, Jonas Heilskov; Laurberg, Jacob Marsvin; Andersen, Mikkel Holmen

    2008-01-01

    An increased plasma level of the major high-density lipoprotein (HDL) component, apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) is the aim of several therapeutic strategies for combating atherosclerotic disease. HDL therapy by direct intravenous administration of apoA-I is a plausible way; however, a fast renal...

  12. The (Dis)appearance of Ai Weiwei: Translations and (In)visibilities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stenbøg, Sofie; Nørgaard Glud, Louise; Albrechtslund, Anders

    2013-01-01

    This paper offers a study of surveillance themes relating to Ai Weiwei’s highly discussed disappearance and later reappearance in 2011. Our study is based on an Actor-Network Theory (ANT) approach and we focus on the manifold negotiations and (in)visibilities relating to the dramatic events as well...... as Ai’s artwork and life....

  13. Spectral Variability of FSRQs Minfeng Gu1,∗ & Y. L. Ai2,3

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Osterman Meyer et al. 2008, 2009). But still not many FSRQs were found to show redder-when-brighter trends (RWB). From a sample of FSRQs selected from SDSS, we briefly show here one more FSRQ with. RWB (see Gu & Ai 2011 for details).

  14. Studies on Anti-Hepatoma Effect of Gan-Ai-Xiao Decoction | Yuan ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Purpose: To explore the anti-hepatoma effect of Gan-Ai-Xiao Decoction (GAXD), a folk remedy. Methods: High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used to identify the major chemical components of GAXD ethanol extract (EE). The cytotoxic effect of GAXD EE against HepG2 cells was measured by methyl ...

  15. Effects of Ciji Hua'Ai Baosheng formula on apoptosis correlation ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Side effects of chemotherapy are major issues for cancer patients and there are few methods to release these. However, traditional Chinese medicine is one of the options for these patients. This study is to evaluate one traditional Chinese empirical formula – the Ciji Hua'ai Baosheng Formula (CHBF) on ...

  16. The (Dis)appearance of Ai Weiwei: Translations and (In)visibilities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glud, Louise Nørgaard; Stenbøg, Anne Sofie Christensen; Albrechtslund, Anders

    This paper offers a study of surveillance themes relating to Ai Weiwei’s highly discussed disappearance and later reappearance in 2011. Our study is based on an Actor-Network Theory (ANT) approach and we focus on the manifold negotiations and (in)visibilities relating to the dramatic events as well...... as Ai’s artwork and life....

  17. ReACT!: An Interactive Educational Tool for AI Planning for Robotics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dogmus, Zeynep; Erdem, Esra; Patogulu, Volkan

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents ReAct!, an interactive educational tool for artificial intelligence (AI) planning for robotics. ReAct! enables students to describe robots' actions and change in dynamic domains without first having to know about the syntactic and semantic details of the underlying formalism, and to solve planning problems using…

  18. Prediction of shipboard electromagnetic interference (EMI) problems using artificial intelligence (AI) technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swanson, David J.

    1990-01-01

    The electromagnetic interference prediction problem is characteristically ill-defined and complicated. Severe EMI problems are prevalent throughout the U.S. Navy, causing both expected and unexpected impacts on the operational performance of electronic combat systems onboard ships. This paper focuses on applying artificial intelligence (AI) technology to the prediction of ship related electromagnetic interference (EMI) problems.

  19. Campus 3 méthode de français

    CERN Document Server

    Pécheur, Jacques; Molinié, Muriel

    2003-01-01

    Méthode de français pour grands adolescents et adultes sur 3 niveaux. Ce niveau comprend : un livre de l'élève, un cahier d'exercices, un livre du professeur, une vidéo, des cassettes audio collectives au CD, et pour l'élève : une cassette audio individuelle ou CD.

  20. Grammaire progressive du français niveau intermédiaire

    CERN Document Server

    Grégoire, Maïa

    2017-01-01

    Quatrième édition de l'ouvrage de Grammaire de français langue étrangère (FLE), niveau intermédiaire, dans la collection Progressive du français destiné aux grands adolescents et adultes. Ce qui fait le succès de cet ouvrage de Grammaire: une organisation claire : la leçon de grammaire sur la page de gauche; les exercices d'entraînement sur la page de droite 52 chapitres présentant les points généralement abordés aux niveaux A2 et B1 du Cadre européen commun de référence pour les langues un apprentissage progressif : il suit la progression naturelle des méthodes de français un usage souple : pour la classe ou en auto-apprentissage une préparation adaptée aux certifications : un entreînement efficace pour mieux réussir aux examens NOUVEAU! Appli-web de la Grammaire progressive du français incluse Pour s'entraîner et s'évaluer en ligne en sollicitant toutes les compétences écrites et orales : près de 300 exercices interactifs avec dialogues, instructions, exemples et corrigés ora...

  1. Grammaire progressive du français corrigés : niveau intermédiaire

    CERN Document Server

    Thiévenaz, Odile

    2017-01-01

    Quatrième édition des corrigés de l'ouvrage de Grammaire de français langue étrangère (FLE), niveau intermédiaire, dans la collection Progressive du français destiné aux grands adolescents et adultes. Ce qui fait le succès de cet ouvrage de grammaire: Une organisation claire : la leçon de grammaire sur la page de gauche, les exercices d'entraînement sur la page de droite 52 chapitres présentant les points généralement abordés aux niveaux A2 et B1 du Cadre européen commun de référence pour les langues Un apprentissage progressif : il suit la progression naturelle des méthodes de français Un usage souple : pour la classe ou en auto-apprentissage Une préparation adaptée aux certifications : un entraînement efficace pour mieux réussir aux examens NOUVEAU!​ Appli-Web de la Grammaire progressive du français Pour s'entraîner et s'évaluer en ligne en sollicitant toutes les compétences écrites et orales: près de 300 exercices interactifs avec dialogues, instructions, exemples et corri...

  2. Spectral Variability of FSRQs Minfeng Gu1,∗ & Y. L. Ai2,3

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    (DR7; Abazajian et al. 2009) and the SN survey during 2005–2007. We use the point- spread function magnitudes. The spectral index α are calculated from ... Abdo, A. A., Ackermann, M., Ajello, M. et al. 2010, Astrophys. J., 715, 429. Abazajian, K. N. et al. 2009, Astrophys. J. Suppl., 182, 543. Ai, Y. L., Yuan, W., Zhou, H. Y. et ...

  3. AI-2 signalling is induced by acidic shock in probiotic strains of Lactobacillus spp.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moslehi-Jenabian, Saloomeh; Gori, Klaus; Jespersen, Lene

    2009-11-15

    Survival and ability to respond to various environmental stresses such as low pH are important factors for lactobacilli for their function as probiotics. LuxS-mediated quorum sensing mechanism, which is based on the production of universal signal molecule called autoinducer-2 (AI-2), regulates important physiological traits and a variety of adaptive processes in different bacteria. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of acidic stress on LuxS-mediated quorum sensing (AI-2 signalling) in four probiotic strains of different Lactobacillus species. Initially, the production of AI-2-like molecule was investigated in four strains of Lactobacillus spp. at standard growth conditions using Vibrio harveyi bioluminescence assay. Species variation in AI-2 activity was observed. AI-2 activity started at early-exponential growth phase and increased during the mid-exponential phase concomitant with the reduction of pH, reaching maximum at late exponential phase (L. rhamnosus GG) or at stationary phase (L. salivarius UCC118, L. acidophilus NCFM and L. johnsonii NCC533). Acidic shock experiments were conducted on L. rhamnosus GG and L. acidophilus NCFM after exposure to different acidic shocks (pH 5.0, 4.0 and 3.0) and to pH 6.5 as control, measuring AI-2 activity and transcription of the luxS gene. AI-2 activity increased by lowering the pH in a dose dependent manner and was negatively influenced by acid adaptation. In both species, the luxS gene was repressed after exposure to pH 6.5 as control. However, after acidic shock (pH 4.0) a transient response of luxS gene was observed and the transcription augmented over time, reaching a maximum level and decreased subsequently. Acid adaptation of cells attenuated the transcription of this gene. Based on the observations done in the present study, the luxS gene appears to have a clear role in acidic stress response in probiotic lactobacilli. This might be important in the survival of these bacteria during the passage

  4. 75 FR 71183 - 23rd Meeting: RTCA Special Committee 206: EUROCAE WG 76 Plenary: AIS and MET Data Link Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-22

    ... operating picture for evolving global ATM concepts. The AIS and MET Services Delivery Architecture... System Performance Standards (MASPS) for Flight Information Services-Broadcast (FIS-B) Data Link, RTCA DO-267A, revision and an AIS and MET Data Link MASPS, that defines the system-level requirements to...

  5. Purification and Characterization of BmooAi: A New Toxin from Bothrops moojeni Snake Venom That Inhibits Platelet Aggregation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mayara Ribeiro de Queiroz

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we describe the purification/characterization of BmooAi, a new toxin from Bothrops moojeni that inhibits platelet aggregation. The purification of BmooAi was carried out through three chromatographic steps (ion-exchange on a DEAE-Sephacel column, molecular exclusion on a Sephadex G-75 column, and reverse-phase HPLC chromatography on a C2/C18 column. BmooAi was homogeneous by SDS-PAGE and shown to be a single-chain protein of 15,000 Da. BmooAi was analysed by MALDI-TOF Spectrometry and revealed two major components with molecular masses 7824.4 and 7409.2 as well as a trace of protein with a molecular mass of 15,237.4 Da. Sequencing of BmooAi by Edman degradation showed two amino acid sequences: IRDFDPLTNAPENTA and ETEEGAEEGTQ, which revealed no homology to any known toxin from snake venom. BmooAi showed a rather specific inhibitory effect on platelet aggregation induced by collagen, adenosine diphosphate, or epinephrine in human platelet-rich plasma in a dose-dependent manner, whereas it had little or no effect on platelet aggregation induced by ristocetin. The effect on platelet aggregation induced by BmooAi remained active even when heated to 100°C. BmooAi could be of medical interest as a new tool for the development of novel therapeutic agents for the prevention and treatment of thrombotic disorders.

  6. The bean α-amylase inhibitor αAI-1 in genetically modified chickpea seeds does not harm parasitoid wasps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lüthi, Christoph; Álvarez-Alfageme, Fernando; Romeis, Jörg

    2018-03-23

    Legumes have been genetically engineered to express αAI-1, an α-amylase inhibitor of the common bean, in their seeds. Whereas the genetically modified (GM) seeds are immune to multiple bruchid pest species, the cosmopolitan bruchid Acanthoscelides obtectus is tolerant to αAI-1 and their larvae develop normally inside the seeds. Hymenopteran bruchid parasitoids, the most important natural enemies of bruchids, might be exposed to αAI-1 when attacking A. obtectus larvae developing inside GM seeds. Exposure might reduce parasitoid fitness, resulting in a decline of the natural control of A. obtectus and thus promote its spread. We investigated the impact of the presence of αAI-1 in legume seeds on parasitoid fitness in tritrophic experiments with αAI-1 GM or non-GM chickpea seeds, A. obtectus, and three parasitoid species. Additionally, we investigated the exposure of parasitoids to αAI-1 using a fourth, highly sensitive parasitoid species. We show that parasitoid fitness is not affected when using A. obtectus in GM chickpea seeds as hosts and that this lack of effects is likely due to the fact that exposure of the parasitoids to αAI-1 is negligible. We conclude that the release of GM chickpeas containing αAI-1 should not harm this important group of non-target insects. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

  7. English Learners (ELs) Who Are American Indian and/or Alaska Native (AI/AN). Fast Facts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Office of English Language Acquisition, US Department of Education, 2016

    2016-01-01

    The Office of English Language Acquisition (OELA) has synthesized key data on English learners (ELs) into two-page PDF sheets, by topic, with graphics, plus key contacts. The topics for this report on English Learners (ELs) Who Are American Indian and/or Alaska Native (AI/AN) include: (1) States With the Highest Percentage of ELs Who Were AI/AN:…

  8. Appreciative Inquiry and Autonomy-Supportive Classes in Business Education: A Semilongitudinal Study of AI in the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conklin, Thomas A.; Hartman, Nathan S.

    2014-01-01

    In this article, we describe 10 separate classroom experiences where an appreciative inquiry (AI) exercise was used for course creation. Post-exercise surveys of students showed that the AI exercise was perceived to be a successful practice. Students indicated putting effort toward reaching their peak learning experience and were satisfied with…

  9. Download and multiply sharing robot minds and bodies over the Web could take AI to the next level

    CERN Multimedia

    Graham-Rowe, D

    2002-01-01

    Some AI researchers believe progress is being held back because the problems are too great for any individual group to solve alone. They have suggested that instead of just publishing results in journals, AI software and robots should be made available across the Internet and accessible even to complete novices (1 page).

  10. AI-based (ANN and SVM) statistical downscaling methods for precipitation estimation under climate change scenarios

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehrvand, Masoud; Baghanam, Aida Hosseini; Razzaghzadeh, Zahra; Nourani, Vahid

    2017-04-01

    Since statistical downscaling methods are the most largely used models to study hydrologic impact studies under climate change scenarios, nonlinear regression models known as Artificial Intelligence (AI)-based models such as Artificial Neural Network (ANN) and Support Vector Machine (SVM) have been used to spatially downscale the precipitation outputs of Global Climate Models (GCMs). The study has been carried out using GCM and station data over GCM grid points located around the Peace-Tampa Bay watershed weather stations. Before downscaling with AI-based model, correlation coefficient values have been computed between a few selected large-scale predictor variables and local scale predictands to select the most effective predictors. The selected predictors are then assessed considering grid location for the site in question. In order to increase AI-based downscaling model accuracy pre-processing has been developed on precipitation time series. In this way, the precipitation data derived from various GCM data analyzed thoroughly to find the highest value of correlation coefficient between GCM-based historical data and station precipitation data. Both GCM and station precipitation time series have been assessed by comparing mean and variances over specific intervals. Results indicated that there is similar trend between GCM and station precipitation data; however station data has non-stationary time series while GCM data does not. Finally AI-based downscaling model have been applied to several GCMs with selected predictors by targeting local precipitation time series as predictand. The consequences of recent step have been used to produce multiple ensembles of downscaled AI-based models.

  11. Processing the Interspecies Quorum-sensing Signal Autoinducer-2 (AI-2)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    J Marques; P Lamosa; C Russell; R Ventura; C Maycock; M Semmelhack; S Miller; K Xavier

    2011-12-31

    The molecule (S)-4,5-dihydroxy-2,3-pentanedione (DPD) is produced by many different species of bacteria and is the precursor of the signal molecule autoinducer-2 (AI-2). AI-2 mediates interspecies communication and facilitates regulation of bacterial behaviors such as biofilm formation and virulence. A variety of bacterial species have the ability to sequester and process the AI-2 present in their environment, thereby interfering with the cell-cell communication of other bacteria. This process involves the AI-2-regulated lsr operon, comprised of the Lsr transport system that facilitates uptake of the signal, a kinase that phosphorylates the signal to phospho-DPD (P-DPD), and enzymes (like LsrG) that are responsible for processing the phosphorylated signal. Because P-DPD is the intracellular inducer of the lsr operon, enzymes involved in P-DPD processing impact the levels of Lsr expression. Here we show that LsrG catalyzes isomerization of P-DPD into 3,4,4-trihydroxy-2-pentanone-5-phosphate. We present the crystal structure of LsrG, identify potential catalytic residues, and determine which of these residues affects P-DPD processing in vivo and in vitro. We also show that an lsrG deletion mutant accumulates at least 10 times more P-DPD than wild type cells. Consistent with this result, we find that the lsrG mutant has increased expression of the lsr operon and an altered profile of AI-2 accumulation and removal. Understanding of the biochemical mechanisms employed by bacteria to quench signaling of other species can be of great utility in the development of therapies to control bacterial behavior.

  12. Ship Emission Inventories in Estuary of the Yangtze River Using Terrestrial AIS Data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xin Yao

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Estuary forms a transition zone between inland river and open sea. In China, the estuary of the Yangtze River plays a vital role in connecting the inland and oversea shipping, and witnesses heavy vessel traffic in the recent decades. Nowadays, more attentions have been directed to the issue of ship pollution in busy waterways. In order to investigate the ship emission inventory, this paper presents an Automatic Identification System(AIS based method. AIS data is the realistic data of vessel traffic including dynamic information (position, speed, course, etc. and static information (ship type, dimensions, name, etc.. According to ship dimensions, the power of engines is estimated for different ship types. By using AIS based bottom-up approach, ship emission inventories and shares of air pollutants and GHGs (Greenhouse gases are developed. Spatial distribution of ship emissions is illustrated in the form of heat map. As a case study, the emission inventories are analyzed using AIS data of 2010 in the estuary, and following results are made:(1 shares of the emission are cruise ships 6.59%, bulk carriers 5.16%, container ships 52.96%, tankers 15.16%, fishing ships 9.16%, other ships 10.97%; (2 CO2 is the dominant part of the emission. (3 Areas of highest emission intensity are generally clustered around the South Channel, the North Channel and ports in the vicinity. The proposed method is promising because it is derived from the AIS data which contains not only real data of individual ship but also vessel traffic situation in the study area. It can server as a reference for other researchers and policy makers working in this field.

  13. An artificial intelligence (AI) NOx/heat rate optimization system for Ontario Hydro`s fossil generating stations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Luk, J.; Frank, A.; Bodach, P. [Ontario Hydro, Toronto, ON (Canada); Warriner, G. [Radian International, Tucker, GA (United States); Noblett, J. [Radian International, Austin, TX (United States); Slatsky, M. [Southern Company, Birmingham, AL (United States)

    1999-08-01

    Artificial intelligence (AI)-based software packages which can optimize power plant operations that improves heat rate and also reduces nitrogen oxide emissions are now commonly available for commercial use. This paper discusses the implementation of the AI-based NOx and Heat Rate Optimization System at Ontario Hydro`s generation stations, emphasizing the current AI Optimization Project at Units 5 and 6 of the Lakeview Generating Station. These demonstration programs are showing promising results in NOx reduction and plant performance improvement. The availability of the plant Digital Control System (DCS) in implementing AI optimization in a closed-loop system was shown to be an important criterion for success. Implementation of AI technology at other Ontario Hydro fossil generating units as part of the overall NOx emission reduction system is envisaged to coincide with the retrofit of the original plant control system with the latest DCS systems. 14 refs., 3 figs.

  14. L’efficacité du conseil d’administration dans les sociétés anonymes au Cameroun: Une lecture par l’hétérogénéité des administrateurs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georges Kriyoss Mfouapon

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Le but de cet article est d’analyser l’effet de l’homogénéité ou de l’hétérogénéité du profil des administrateurs sur l’efficacité de leur conseil d’administration (CA. Les données analysées sont collectées auprès de 386 administrateurs répartis sur un échantillon de 64 CA des sociétés anonymes (SA installées au Cameroun. Les résultats obtenus indiquent que l’homogénéité socioprofessionnelle, de l’indépendance et clanique du CA sont d’une influence notable sur leur efficacité. Ces résultats montrent, en fait que, l’hétérogénéité du CA est source d’efficacité supérieure dans les choix stratégiques, et d’inefficacité dans les opérations de contrôle et de surveillance de l’équipe dirigeante. Ces résultats s’inscrivent dans la même perspective que les travaux d’Hambrick & Mason (1984 sur la Upper Echelons Research, la théorie de la régulation clanique d’Ouchi (1980 et constituent en même temps une confirmation des résultats de Jensen (1993.

  15. Changing to AIS 2005 and agreement of injury severity scores in a trauma registry with scores based on manual chart review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, Kenneth E; Cowan, Linda D; Thompson, David M

    2011-09-01

    The Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) recently underwent a major revision from AIS 98 to AIS 05. AIS injury codes form the basis of widely used injury severity scores such as the injury severity score (ISS). ISS thresholds are often used in trauma case definitions and ISS is widely used in injury research to adjust for injury severity. This study evaluated changes from AIS 98 to AIS 05, the changes' effect on ISS distributions, and presents an application of the results. Injury descriptions from medical records of 137 randomly selected patients in the Oklahoma Trauma Registry (OTR) were obtained. A single trained coder used AIS 98 and AIS 05 to code each injury. ISS values were calculated and grouped into 4 categories: 1-8, 9-14, 16-24, >24. Paired ISS was compared using Kappa statistics and tests of symmetry. We identified common injury diagnoses for which AIS severity changed between versions. Estimates of the proportion of patients changing ISS groups were applied to the entire OTR to assess the impact on reporting and on a model for reimbursement. OTR AIS 98 and manual AIS 98-based ISS values had a weighted Kappa of 0.71. OTR AIS 98 and manual AIS 05-based ISS values had a Kappa of 0.58. Manual AIS 98 and manual AIS 05 ISS had the highest Kappa of 0.81, however, though the scores differed by only 1 ISS category, there were 30 discordant pairs. The distribution of these discordant pairs was not symmetrical (Bowker's S=30; df=6; p<0.0001) with AIS 05-based ISS values consistently shifted to a lower ISS category. Reductions in AIS severity and ISS values using AIS 05 were common for extremity fractures and thorax injuries. The results suggest fewer patients would be reported to the OTR or be eligible for reimbursement. Changing from AIS 98 to AIS 05 injury coding resulted in systematic changes in AIS codes and ISS. Specific injuries and body regions were differentially affected. Trauma registries and injury researchers that use AIS based injury coding can use this

  16. "Tut s'en vat declinant". Un cas de grammaticalisation et de dégrammaticalisation dans le système verbal du français

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schøsler, Lene

    2005-01-01

    Construction progressive, grammaticalisation, dégrammaticalisation, le système verbal du français......Construction progressive, grammaticalisation, dégrammaticalisation, le système verbal du français...

  17. Apolipoprotein A-I and B and Subjective Global Assessment relationship can reflect lipid defects in diabetic retinopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Yashodhara; Saxena, Sandeep; Mishra, Arvind; Saxena, Anita; Natu, Shankar Madhav

    2017-01-01

    Elevated lipid levels increase complications of diabetic retinopathy (DR). Uncontrolled diabetes increases these complications and causes unintentional weight loss, indicating an apparently normal body mass index (BMI). Thus, it is easy to assume that patients with DR and a normal BMI have optimal lipid status. Apolipoprotein (Apo) A-I and Apo B levels differentially indicate serum lipid status in DR. Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) scores are associated with DR status. If SGA scores and serum Apo A-I and B levels are found to be interrelated, their relationship can reflect lipid defects in patients with DR despite apparently normal BMI. The aim of the present study was to investigate the possible relationship between serum Apo A-I and B levels and SGA scores of patients with DR. This was a case-control study conducted from November 2011 to April 2014. Serum Apo A-I and B levels and SGA scores were calculated for 40 healthy controls, 48 individuals without DR, 49 nonproliferative DR cases, and 48 proliferative DR cases. Pearson's correlation analysis was applied between Apo A-I, Apo B, Apo B/Apo A-I ratio, and SGA scores. Negative correlation was observed between serum Apo A-I level (r = -0.567, P predict lipid abnormalities in patients with DR even when they have an apparently normal BMI. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Characterization of human high-density lipoprotein subclasses LP A-I and LP A-I/A-II and binding to HepG2 cells

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E.P.C. Kilsdonk (Liesbeth); T. van Gent (Teus); A. van Tol (Arie)

    1990-01-01

    markdownabstractAbstract Plasma HDL can be classified according to their apolipoprotein content into at least two types of lipoprotein particles: lipoproteins containing both apo A-I and apo A-II (LP A-I/A-II) and lipoproteins with apo A-I but without apo A-II (LP A-I). LP A-I and LP A-I/A-II

  19. Le verbe français : les temps du passé

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lina Avendaño Anguita

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Dans un souci de contextualisation des faits de langue, nous nous proposons de relever les difficultés liées à l’usage des temps du passé en français. Ce faisant, nous nous sommes basée sur un corpus de grammaires du français éditées en Espagne à partir de 1970 afin d’allier les domaines du descriptif et du contrastif. Formant écran à la compréhension des mécanismes linguistiques, la disparité de langues proches exige non seulement une mise en perspective du décalage entre l’utilisation normative des temps verbaux, dans une optique purement morphologique ou chronologique, et celle qu’entraîne la mise en discours, mais également la contextualisation des descriptions et des terminologies.

  20. S&T converging trends in dealing with disaster: A review on AI tools

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hasan, Abu Bakar; Isa, Mohd Hafez Mohd.

    2016-01-01

    Science and Technology (S&T) has been able to help mankind to solve or minimize problems when arise. Different methodologies, techniques and tools were developed or used for specific cases by researchers, engineers, scientists throughout the world, and numerous papers and articles have been written by them. Nine selected cases such as flash flood, earthquakes, workplace accident, fault in aircraft industry, seismic vulnerability, disaster mitigation and management, and early fault detection in nuclear industry have been studied. This paper looked at those cases, and their results showed nearly 60% uses artificial intelligence (AI) as a tool. This paper also did some review that will help young researchers in deciding the types of AI tools to be selected; thus proving the future trends in S&T

  1. S&T converging trends in dealing with disaster: A review on AI tools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasan, Abu Bakar; Isa, Mohd. Hafez Mohd.

    2016-01-01

    Science and Technology (S&T) has been able to help mankind to solve or minimize problems when arise. Different methodologies, techniques and tools were developed or used for specific cases by researchers, engineers, scientists throughout the world, and numerous papers and articles have been written by them. Nine selected cases such as flash flood, earthquakes, workplace accident, fault in aircraft industry, seismic vulnerability, disaster mitigation and management, and early fault detection in nuclear industry have been studied. This paper looked at those cases, and their results showed nearly 60% uses artificial intelligence (AI) as a tool. This paper also did some review that will help young researchers in deciding the types of AI tools to be selected; thus proving the future trends in S&T.

  2. Formal Safety Assessment (FSA for Analysis of Ship Collision Using AIS Data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Badrus Zaman

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Currently, Maritime safety is the best issue in the world. International Maritime organization (IMO have recommended FSA methodology to enhance maritime safety. In this paper, the research conducted in the Malacca Strait. Malacca Strait is an area that has a high risk for shipping navigation. Many accidents occur in the area are like collision, fire, grounding and so on. Therefore a study on improving safety in this area is very important. it is to produce an output that can be used to provide input to the master and multiple stakeholders to improve safety on board at the time of sailing. In this study, AIS is used as a data source. Sea condition data collected actual traffic through the Automatic Identification System (AIS equipment installed at Kobe University, Japan, and Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM in Johor, Malaysia. The data is applied to define a method with the help of Geographic Information Systems (GIS.

  3. LE FRANÇAIS DANS LA PRESSE ECRITE DU NORD-CAMEROUN : DIAGNOSTIC, CRITIQUES ET ORIENTATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moïse MBEY MAKANG

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available La présente réflexion tire son origine de la crise linguistique observée au sein de la presse écrite du Nord-Cameroun. Celle-ci fait échos des irrégularités de la langue de Voltaire dans la presse écrite de cette partie du pays. De plus en plus, on y assiste à une émergence des déviances syntaxiques et une profusion des écarts langagiers à connotation dépréciative. L’indécence verbale de la société, la mauvaise prestation des élèves en classe et lors des examens officiels en sont des indicateurs pertinents. Il est important de mentionner que la cohabitation entre les langues camerounaises et le français, la sous-scolarisation et ou l’ignorance, le laxisme des rédacteurs en chef, etc. sont les mobiles profonds de cette incorrection. Pourtant, nous savons tous que les media sont une forteresse où la langue doit être préservée de toute entorse et représentent un modèle pour la société. Néanmoins, des traits caractéristiques du français de la presse écrite du Nord-Cameroun s’inscrivent en faux par rapport à cette vocation naturelle des media. Dès lors, la question que nous pouvons nous poser est celle de savoir si ces mobiles ci-dessus cités sont des éléments qui favorisent l’émergence de cette dialectalisation du français. En clair qu’est-ce qui caractérise le français des journalistes? Quelle est la structure morphosyntaxique du français des rédacteurs des journaux? S’agit-il d’un français conforme à une norme locale ou (y retrouvons-nous des énoncés exogènes ? Quel type de morphosyntaxe utilisent les rédacteurs ? Une morphosyntaxe endogène, morphosyntaxe qui leur est propre, ou plutôt une morphosyntaxe exogène, supposée unique à tous les francophones ? Peut-on parler d’alternance codique, d’argotisation, ou de créolisation ? La présente analyse a pour ambitions de s’interroger sur les mobiles profonds qui incitent des journalistes à s’écarter de la norme du français

  4. S&T converging trends in dealing with disaster: A review on AI tools

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hasan, Abu Bakar, E-mail: abakarh@usim.edu.my; Isa, Mohd Hafez Mohd. [Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, 71800 Nilai, Negeri Sembilan (Malaysia)

    2016-01-22

    Science and Technology (S&T) has been able to help mankind to solve or minimize problems when arise. Different methodologies, techniques and tools were developed or used for specific cases by researchers, engineers, scientists throughout the world, and numerous papers and articles have been written by them. Nine selected cases such as flash flood, earthquakes, workplace accident, fault in aircraft industry, seismic vulnerability, disaster mitigation and management, and early fault detection in nuclear industry have been studied. This paper looked at those cases, and their results showed nearly 60% uses artificial intelligence (AI) as a tool. This paper also did some review that will help young researchers in deciding the types of AI tools to be selected; thus proving the future trends in S&T.

  5. Polychronous Zirconology of Navysh Volcanics of the Ai Formation (Southern Urals)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krasnobaev, A. A.; Puchkov, V. N.; Sergeeva, N. D.

    2018-01-01

    In order to resolve the age of Navysh volcanics (NV), which is usually attributed to the Lower Riphean of the Ai Formation, we have used geochronological, petrologic, and mineralogical methods of zirconology, apart from the SHRIMP isotopic data of single zircon grains. Moreover, TIMS isotope age analyses have been conducted, the results of which can be regarded as both controlling and providing the most correct information. The TIMS and SHRIMP data make it possible to suggest a polychronous character of the NV, which include not only Riphean, but also Paleozoic groups of volcanics. In this situation, an assessment of the scales of such polychroneity of NV and, correspondingly, of the Ai Formation as a whole becomes urgent.

  6. Development of X-ray diffractometers XD-D1 AI qualitative analysis system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Arai, Hiroshi; Uota, Atsushi; Ishida, Hidenobu

    1994-01-01

    Qualitative X-ray diffraction is a very important analytical method, however, it is also very difficult to perform and needs some special skills. Also, the analysis accuracy depends on the operators' knowledge of qualitative analysis. In order that even a beginner analyst can obtain accurate results, we have developed the 'XD-D1 AI Qualitative Analysis System'. This system can support analytical operations with the experts' knowledge made available by AI techniques. Systematizing the experts' knowledge, we applied the system to our expert shell 'GENZO-I/PRO'. This system enabled a beginner analyst to get the same results as a specialist would get. In this paper, we will describe the process of system design, system construction and an example analysis. (author)

  7. Preliminary Assessment of the Relative Toxicity of AI3-20837 in Animals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-09-01

    Scurf and/or eschar formation was evident at I week post application. c. Eye Irritation. Based on our Draize eye test in rabbits, this compound is a mild...Association for the Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care. 5. PROCEDURES. a. Test Compound. Two lots (c & d) of AI3-20837 were synthesized and supplied for...Methodology for test (e) is published in reference 2c. (a) Rat ALD. (b) Skin irritancy. (c) Eye irritancy. (d) Dermal sensitization (Buehler technique

  8. Apolipoprotein A-I mutant proteins having cysteine substitutions and polynucleotides encoding same

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oda, Michael N [Benicia, CA; Forte, Trudy M [Berkeley, CA

    2007-05-29

    Functional Apolipoprotein A-I mutant proteins, having one or more cysteine substitutions and polynucleotides encoding same, can be used to modulate paraoxonase's arylesterase activity. These ApoA-I mutant proteins can be used as therapeutic agents to combat cardiovascular disease, atherosclerosis, acute phase response and other inflammatory related diseases. The invention also includes modifications and optimizations of the ApoA-I nucleotide sequence for purposes of increasing protein expression and optimization.

  9. A review of current timed-AI (TAI) programs for beef and dairy cattle

    OpenAIRE

    Colazo, Marcos G.; Mapletoft, Reuben J.

    2014-01-01

    This is a review of the physiology and endocrinology of the estrous cycle and how ovarian physiology can be manipulated and controlled for timed artificial insemination (TAI) in beef and dairy cattle. Estrus detection is required for artificial insemination (AI), but it is done poorly in dairy cattle and it is difficult in beef cattle. Protocols that synchronize follicle growth, corpus luteum regression and ovulation, allowing for TAI, result in improved reproductive performance, because all ...

  10. Apolipoprotein A-I and B levels in Bangladeshi patients with coronary artery disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashesh K. Chowdhury

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Coronary arteay disease (CAD is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in developed as well as developing countries like Bangladesh. In this study, the status of serum apolipoprotein A-I (Apo A-1 and apolipoprotein B (Apo B levels were assessed in Bangladeshi patients with coronary artery diseases. The study was carried out in the Department of Cardiology, University Cardiac Centre (UCC, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU, Dhaka. Total study population was 100, of which 50 were patients with CAD and 50 were individuals without CAD (control. The patients with CAD and controls were enrolled following the inclusion and exclusion criteria. About 5 ml blood was collected by venepuncture from each individual and apolipoprotein A-1 and B were determined by automated nephelometry. The mean age of total study population was 51.4 ± 10.8 years while the mean age of the patients and control was 51.3 ± 10.9 and 51.4 ± 10.9 years respectively. The Apo A-I level was significantly (p<0.01 different in CAD patients compared to control group (95.10 ± 20.50 mg/dl vs 113.47 ± 20.96 mg/dl. The ratio of Apo B and Apo A1 was also significantly higher (p<0.01 in CAD patients than that of controls (1.25 ± 0.40 vs 0.95 ± 0.26 while Apo B levels was not different among the two groups. The study revealed significant alteration of serum Apo A-I level and Apo B/Apo A-I ratio in patients with CAD compared to those without CAD. Further large-scale study is needed to evaluate the exact influence of apolipoproteins on coronary artery disease in Bengali ethnic population. Ibrahim Med. Coll. J. 2015; 9(1: 31-33

  11. Des résumés en français

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bogdan Patrut

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Des résumés en français
    BRAIN. Broad Research in Artificial Intelligence and Neuroscience
    CERVEAU. Recherche large en intelligence artificielle et neurosciences
    Volume 1, Numéro 4
    Juillet 2010: « Automne 2010»
    www.brain.edusoft.ro
    Sous la direction de: Bogdan Pătruţ

  12. Commutability of control materials for external quality assessment of serum apolipoprotein A-I measurement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeng, Jie; Qi, Tianqi; Wang, Shu; Zhang, Tianjiao; Zhou, Weiyan; Zhao, Haijian; Ma, Rong; Zhang, Jiangtao; Yan, Ying; Dong, Jun; Zhang, Chuanbao; Chen, Wenxiang

    2017-12-01

    The aim of the current study was to evaluate the commutability of commercial control materials and human serum pools and to investigate the suitability of the materials for the external quality assessment (EQA) of serum apolipoprotein A-I (apo A-I) measurement. The Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) EP14-A3 protocol was used for the commutability study. Apo A-I concentrations in two levels of commercial control materials used in EQA program, two fresh-frozen human serum pools (FSPs) and two frozen human serum pools prepared from residual clinical specimens (RSPs) were measured along with 50 individual samples using nine commercial assays. Measurement results of the 50 individual samples obtained with different assays were pairwise analyzed by Deming regression, and 95% prediction intervals (PIs) were calculated. The commutability of the processed materials was evaluated by comparing the measurement results of the materials with the limits of the PIs. The FSP-1 was commutable for all the 36 assay pairs, and FSP-2 was commutable for 30 pairs; RSP-1 and RSP-2 showed commutability for 27/36 and 22/36 assay pairs, respectively, whereas the two EQA materials were commutable only for 4/36 and 5/36 assay pairs, respectively. Non-commutability of the tested EQA materials has been observed among current apo A-I assays. EQA programs need either to take into account the commutability-related biases in the interpretation of the EQA results or to use more commutable materials. Frozen human serum pools were commutable for most of the assays.

  13. ANALISIS SUPORTER BOLA DALAM PERSPEKTIF SOSIOLOGI (STUDIKASUS PENDUKUNG KLUB ARSENAL INDONESIAN SUPORTER ???AIS??? REGIONAL MAKASSAR)

    OpenAIRE

    GAFFAR, AKBAR

    2008-01-01

    2013 AKBAR GAFFAR, E411 08 267.Thesis title ???Football Supporters Analysis In Sociology Perspective ( Case Study Of Arsenal Indonesian Supporter ???AIS??? Fans Club In Makassar Region ), Mentored by H. M Darwis as 1st mentor and Suparman Abdullah as 2nd mentor. Many spectors who commit acts of violence that harms others is one of the many phenomena that occur at this time in the world of football. This study uses a qualitative descriptive analytic approach. The results of this stud...

  14. Feeding Supplementation And Radioimmunoassay (RIA) Technique For The Improvement Of artificial Insemination (AI) Efficiency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tjiptosumirat, Totti; Supandi, Dadang; Firsoni

    2002-01-01

    Recent research activities have showed that RIA techniques may be use as a tool in the improvement of dairy cattle AI in . Cisurupan district, Garut. Although already indicate in the previous research, with a small number of dairy cattle tested, a more in depth study on the utilization of RIA for the improvement of AI efficiency is still required. It is indicated from the previous experiment results that administration of feeding supplementation might improved the efficiency of reproductive performance of dairy cattle. The current Study is a continuation from the previous study with a larger number of dairy cattle and wider area covered. The experiment is aimed to monitor the impact of feeding supplementation on the reproductive performance of dairy cattle using Artificial Insemination Database Application (AIDA) and RIA technique. Result from this study indicated that feeding supplementation improved conception rate between pre-supplemented and post-supplemented dairy cattle; 25% vs 40%, respectively, therefore improve ratio of Service per Conception of 4.0 vs 2.3, respectively for pre-supplemented and post-supplemented dairy cattle. Result of this experiment also showed that RIA might be use as an effective tool in monitoring the early failure of AI compared to if just relying on the conventional method, the rectal palpation. However, due to an increase in milk production as a result of feeding supplementation, tanners tend to lengthen the lactation period from 10.20 ± 0.5 months to 11.8 ± 0.6 months, respectively in dairy cattle pre-supplemented and post-supplemented. It can be conclude from this study that supplementation feeding improve reproductive performance. However, even AIDA and RIA may be of effective tool in monitoring the reproductive performance of dairy cattle, as an holistic approach for an improvement dairy farm management is still required due to other factors play important role for AI efficiency

  15. Le système bancaire et financier français en 2005.

    OpenAIRE

    GOUTEROUX, C.

    2006-01-01

    En 2005, compte tenu d’un environnement économique et financier toujours favorable, les établissements de crédit français ont continué d’afficher de bonnes performances. Ils cessent toutefois de renforcer leur structure financière. Pour leur part, les entreprises d’investissement ont enregistré une nette amélioration de leur situation.

  16. Apolipoprotein A-I mutant proteins having cysteine substitutions and polynucleotides encoding same

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oda, Michael N [Benicia, CA; Forte, Trudy M [Berkeley, CA

    2007-05-29

    Functional Apolipoprotein A-I mutant proteins, having one or more cysteine substitutions and polynucleotides encoding same, can be used to modulate paraoxonase's arylesterase activity. These ApoA-I mutant proteins can be used as therapeutic agents to combat cardiovascular disease, atherosclerosis, acute phase response and other inflammatory related diseases. The invention also includes modifications and optimizations of the ApoA-I nucleotide sequence for purposes of increasing protein expression and optimization.

  17. Healing and the mind/body arts: massage, acupuncture, yoga, t'ai chi, and Feldenkrais.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wanning, T

    1993-07-01

    1. The health practitioner may encounter clients who are faced with problems that do not seem to respond to traditional health care. 2. One way that some choose to confront these systemic complaints is to employ some of the health traditions of other cultures and to view the body and mind as a balanced whole. 3. Massage, acupuncture and acupressure, t'ai chi, and Feldenkrais focus on the mind/body connection to facilitate healing through relaxation, pressure points, and movement.

  18. Repercusión del Ai Chi en el equilibrio de las personas mayores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Javier Olabe Sánchez

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Diversos metaanálisis plantean la necesidad de realizar actividad física de fuerza y el estímulo del equilibrio como herramientas útiles para la prevención de las caídas. Por otra parte, el medio acuático ofrece propiedades naturales útiles para cualquier actividad de reeducación terapéutica, siendo el Ai Chi una de sus técnicas. Objetivo. Evaluar la repercusión de un programa basado en el Ai Chi sobre el equilibrio de las personas mayores. Método. Realizamos un ensayo clínico aleatorio evaluando la repercusión de dos programas en el equilibrio de los participantes con el test Timed Up & Go: personas con riesgo de caída, entre 60 y 85 años de edad, que realizan una cura termal de 12 días en el Balneario de Archena. Distribuimos aleatoriamente la muestra de estudio en dos grupos: control, con el tratamiento termal convencional; e intervención que, además de éste, realizó un mínimo de 12 sesiones de Ai Chi. Resultados. Ambos grupos mejoraron significativamente el equilibrio, aunque en la comparación intergrupo también hubo diferencias significativas a favor del grupo de intervención, con un valor clínico añadido.Conclusiones. El programa basado en el Ai Chi repercute positivamente en el equilibrio de las personas mayores, tanto con significancia estadística como con relevancia clínica y terapéutica.

  19. ai Palm Fruit (Euterpe oleracea Mart.) Pulp Improves Survival of Flies on a High Fat Diet

    OpenAIRE

    Sun, Xiaoping; Seeberger, Jeanne; Alberico, Thomas; Wang, Chunxu; Wheeler, Charles T.; Schauss, Alexander G.; Zou, Sige

    2010-01-01

    Reducing oxidative damage is thought to be an effective aging intervention. Açai, a fruit indigenous to the Amazon, is rich in phytochemicals that possesses high anti-oxidant activities, and has anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer and anti-cardiovascular disease properties. However, little is known about its potential anti-aging properties especially at the organismal level. Here we evaluated the effect of açai pulp on modulating lifespan in Drosophila melanogaster. We found that açai supplementat...

  20. "All-In-One Test"(AI1): A rapid and easily applicable approach to consumer product testing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Giacalone, Davide; Frøst, Michael Bom; Bredie, Wender Laurentius Petrus

    2013-01-01

    by the Check-All-That-Apply (CATA) technique is reported. In this exploratory "All-In-One Test"(AI1), subjects (N = 160) filled out a questionnaire with demographic and psychographic variables, and appropriateness ratings for specific sensory descriptors of beer. Subsequently, subjects gave hedonic ratings...... between appropriateness and actual hedonic response. Overall, the AI1 test provided interpretable results concerning consumer perception (sensory/hedonic) of the beers, and revealed relations with consumers' background information. Initial results with AI1 test show that it is an efficient and versatile...

  1. Shear bond strength of dentin and deproteinized enamel of AI mouse incisors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pugach, M.K.; Ozer, F.; Mulmadgi, R.; Li, Y.; Suggs, C.; Wright, J.T.; Bartlett, J.D.; Gibson, C.W.; Lindemeyer, R.G.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose To investigate the adhesion through shear bond strength (SBS) testing of a resin composite bonded with a self-etching bonding system (SEB) to amelogenesis imperfecta (AI)-affected deproteinized mouse enamel or dentin; and to compare wild-type (WT), amelogenin null (AmelxKO) and matrix metalloproteinase-20 null (Mmp20KO) enamel and dentin phenotypes using microCT and nanoindentation. Methods Enamel incisor surfaces of WT, AmelxKO and Mmp20KO mice were treated with SEB with and without NaOCl and tested for SBS. Incisor dentin was also treated with SEB and tested for SBS. These surfaces were further examined by SEM. MicroCT and nanoindentation analyses were performed on mouse dentin and enamel. Data were analyzed for significance by ANOVA. Results Deproteinization did not improve SBS of SEB to these AI-affected enamel surfaces. SBS of AmelxKO teeth was similar in dentin and enamel; however, it was higher in Mmp20KO dentin. The nanohardness of knockout enamel was significantly lower than WT, while knockout dentin nanohardness was not different from WT. Conclusions Using animal AI models, it was demonstrated that enamel NaOCl deproteinization of hypoplastic and hypoplastic-hypomaturation enamel did not increase shear bond strength while removal of the defective enamel allowed optimal dentin bonding. PMID:25303500

  2. Use of agroindustrial wastes (açai fiber and glycerol) in the preparation of cookies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lima, Helena; Corrêa, Nádia Cristina Fernandes; Santos, Orquidea; de Fátima Henriques Lourenço, Lúcia

    2015-07-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the effect of adding industrial byproducts (açai fiber and glycerol) on the physical, physicochemical, and sensory properties of cookies. The statistical analysis showed that only the parameters of water content and water activity are significantly influenced by the amount of açai fiber added and by the fiber's particle size. Through sensory analysis of crispness and the flavor, it was found that the best percentage of açai fiber and the best particle size added to the cookie formulation were 10 % and +28 mesh, respectively. From this result, another sensory analysis was performed to evaluate the effect of glycerol over the texture of the cookies. Acceptance indices for the crispness and flavor above 70 % were observed, indicating the possibility for industrial exploitation. Cookies with added industrial byproducts may be considered a source of fiber, as they contain 6 g/100 g fiber.

  3. Goldfish Leptin-AI and Leptin-AII: Function and Central Mechanism in Feeding Control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ai-Fen Yan

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available In mammals, leptin is a peripheral satiety factor that inhibits feeding by regulating a variety of appetite-related hormones in the brain. However, most of the previous studies examining leptin in fish feeding were performed with mammalian leptins, which share very low sequence homologies with fish leptins. To elucidate the function and mechanism of endogenous fish leptins in feeding regulation, recombinant goldfish leptin-AI and leptin-AII were expressed in methylotrophic yeast and purified by immobilized metal ion affinity chromatography (IMAC. By intraperitoneal (IP injection, both leptin-AI and leptin-AII were shown to inhibit the feeding behavior and to reduce the food consumption of goldfish in 2 h. In addition, co-treatment of leptin-AI or leptin-AII could block the feeding behavior and reduce the food consumption induced by neuropeptide Y (NPY injection. High levels of leptin receptor (lepR mRNA were detected in the hypothalamus, telencephalon, optic tectum and cerebellum of the goldfish brain. The appetite inhibitory effects of leptins were mediated by downregulating the mRNA levels of orexigenic NPY, agouti-related peptide (AgRP and orexin and upregulating the mRNA levels of anorexigenic cocaine-amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART, cholecystokinin (CCK, melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH and proopiomelanocortin (POMC in different areas of the goldfish brain. Our study, as a whole, provides new insights into the functions and mechanisms of leptins in appetite control in a fish model.

  4. Application of Artificial Intelligence (AI) Programming Techniques to Tactical Guidance for Fighter Aircraft

    Science.gov (United States)

    McManus, John W.; Goodrich, Kenneth H.

    1989-01-01

    A research program investigating the use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) techniques to aid in the development of a Tactical Decision Generator (TDG) for Within-Visual-Range (WVR) air combat engagements is discussed. The application of AI methods for development and implementation of the TDG is presented. The history of the Adaptive Maneuvering Logic (AML) program is traced and current versions of the AML program are compared and contrasted with the TDG system. The Knowledge-Based Systems (KBS) used by the TDG to aid in the decision-making process are outlined in detail and example rules are presented. The results of tests to evaluate the performance of the TDG versus a version of AML and versus human pilots in the Langley Differential Maneuvering Simulator (DMS) are presented. To date, these results have shown significant performance gains in one-versus-one air combat engagements, and the AI-based TDG software has proven to be much easier to modify than the updated FORTRAN AML programs.

  5. The restriction enzyme SgrAI: structure solution via combination of poor MIRAS and MR phases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dunten, Pete W., E-mail: pete@slac.stanford.edu [Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory, Stanford University, Menlo Park, CA 94025 (United States); Little, Elizabeth J.; Horton, Nancy C. [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory, Stanford University, Menlo Park, CA 94025 (United States)

    2009-04-01

    Phase information from both MIRAS and MR was used to produce an interpretable electron-density map of the novel type II restriction endonuclease SgrAI bound to DNA. The MR solution corrected an instructive error in the initially chosen averaging transformation. Uninterpretable electron-density maps were obtained using either MIRAS phases or MR phases in attempts to determine the structure of the type II restriction endonuclease SgrAI bound to DNA. While neither solution strategy was particularly promising (map correlation coefficients of 0.29 and 0.22 with the final model, respectively, for the MIRAS and MR phases and Phaser Z scores of 4.0 and 4.3 for the rotation and translation searches), phase combination followed by density modification gave a readily interpretable map. MR with a distantly related model located a dimer in the asymmetric unit and provided the correct transformation to use in averaging electron density between SgrAI subunits. MIRAS data sets with low substitution and MR solutions from only distantly related models should not be ignored, as poor-quality starting phases can be significantly improved. The bootstrapping strategy employed to improve the initial MIRAS phases is described.

  6. Technological differences between açai and juçara pulps and their sorbets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Paula Silva Siqueira

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Açai and juçara are palm trees that produce similar fruits. However, only the sale of açai is growing on the market for pulps and processed products for human consumption. The aim of this study was to compare açai and juçara pulps from the chemical, bioactive, rheological and technological points of view. Sorbets were elaborated with the pulps and evaluations were carried out regarding the antioxidant activity, polyphenols, anthocyanins, pH, acidity, soluble solids, ratio and colour. The pulps were evaluated rheologically and the sorbets for melting time. Juçara showed better results regarding the bioactive parameters (antioxidants ≈ 151 uM ferrous sulphate/ g and anthocyanins ≈ 77 mg.100g-1 and presented a more intense colour (Chroma 17. The pulps were physicochemically similar. The sorbet preserved much of the nutrients and presented a very intense colour, mainly in the juçara sorbet.

  7. Sustainable long-term conservation of rare cattle breeds using rotational AI sires

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Avon Laurent

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The development of inbreeding in rotation breeding schemes, sequentially using artificial insemination (AI sires over generations, was investigated for a full AI scheme. Asymptotic prediction formulae of inbreeding coefficients were established when the first rotation list of AI sires (possibly related was in use. Simulated annealing provided the optimal rotation order of sires within this list, when the sires were related. These methods were also used for subsequent rotation lists, needed by the exhaustion of semen stores for the first bulls. Simulation was carried out starting with groups of independent sires, with different sizes. To generate a yearly inbreeding rate substantially lower than 0.05% (considered to be within reach by conventional conservation schemes using frequent replacements, the results obtained showed that the number of sires should be at least 10–15 and that the same sires should be used during at least 50 years. The ultimate objective was to examine the relevance of implementing rotation in breeding schemes on the actual rare French cattle breeds under conservation. The best candidate for such a test was the Villard-de-Lans breed (27 bulls and 73 000 doses for only 340 females and it turned out to be the best performer with an inbreeding coefficient of only 7.4% after 500 years and five different sire lists. Due to the strong requirements on semen stores and on the stability of population size, actual implementation of this kind of conservation scheme was recommended only in special ('niche' cattle populations.

  8. Sustainable long-term conservation of rare cattle breeds using rotational AI sires.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colleau, Jean-Jacques; Avon, Laurent

    2008-01-01

    The development of inbreeding in rotation breeding schemes, sequentially using artificial insemination (AI) sires over generations, was investigated for a full AI scheme. Asymptotic prediction formulae of inbreeding coefficients were established when the first rotation list of AI sires (possibly related) was in use. Simulated annealing provided the optimal rotation order of sires within this list, when the sires were related. These methods were also used for subsequent rotation lists, needed by the exhaustion of semen stores for the first bulls. Simulation was carried out starting with groups of independent sires, with different sizes. To generate a yearly inbreeding rate substantially lower than 0.05% (considered to be within reach by conventional conservation schemes using frequent replacements), the results obtained showed that the number of sires should be at least 10-15 and that the same sires should be used during at least 50 years. The ultimate objective was to examine the relevance of implementing rotation in breeding schemes on the actual rare French cattle breeds under conservation. The best candidate for such a test was the Villard-de-Lans breed (27 bulls and 73,000 doses for only 340 females) and it turned out to be the best performer with an inbreeding coefficient of only 7.4% after 500 years and five different sire lists. Due to the strong requirements on semen stores and on the stability of population size, actual implementation of this kind of conservation scheme was recommended only in special (;niche') cattle populations.

  9. Balzac peint les français: social satire and construction of ideal types in Les français peints par eux-mêmes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marilisa Moccia

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Tra il 1840 e il 1842, negli stessi anni in cui prendeva forma quella che sarà di lì a poco la Comédie Humaine, furono dati alle stampe nove volumi dell’opera Les Français peints par eux-mêmes, pubblicata da Léon Curmer. L’opera vide la collaborazione di disegnatori e scrittori fra i quali Honoré de Balzac che contribuì al progetto scrivendo due voci l’épicier e la femme comme il faut. Les Français peints par eux-mêmes, definito nel sottotitolo Encyclopédie morale du XIXe siècle, è uno dei maggiori esempi di «letteratura panoramica», come ebbe a definirla Walter Benjamin (Benjamin 1979, e vi si mescolano caricatura e determinismo fisiologico impiegati per ritrarre, e non semplicemente descrivere, i tipi umani e sociali che popolano Parigi e la Provincia. L’introduzione di Léon Curmer e Jules Janin colloca il progetto globale dell’opera sotto l’etichetta di «tableau», già utilizzata da Louis-Sébastien Mercier (Mercier 1782, della società contemporanea messa al servizio della storia dei costumi. Da un lato, il dispositivo umoristico dell’opera scatena dall’idea di classificare gli uomini, svuotati della loro soggettività e degradati a tipi sociali, al pari delle specie animali e vegetali, ricalcando e “scoronando”, dunque, l’intento normalizzante dell’Enciclopedia dei lumi. Per questo motivo, la mise en page (ogni voce dell’opera è strutturata in type, tête de page, cul de lampe, contribuisce a creare un transtesto (Genette 1997, che stringe l’occhio al lettore del tempo, nutrito dalle opere di Buffon e Cuvier.  Dall’altro, però, l’intento dichiaratamente “serio” dell’opera che deve occuparsi di spiegare, con intento pedagogico e attraverso l’escamotage dell’autoritratto, i francesi ai Francesi, suggerisce una seconda ipotesi: la società tutta è risibile perché ridicola è la borghesia del regno di Luigi Filippo. Il contributo si propone di indagare il tipo di satira che

  10. Policy Making and Planning within Ministries: Ways to simplify and co-ordinate Stefnumótun og áætlanagerð ráðuneyta. Leiðir að einföldun og samhæfingu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Héðinn Unnsteinsson

    2012-06-01

    ráðuneyti og stofnanir hafa verið að setja fram á síðastliðnum árum. Grundvöllur þeirrar vinnu var greining á 11 stefnum og áætlunum með það að leiðarljósi að fækka þeim, samþætta og einfalda en jafnframt vinna heildstæðar tillögur að breyttu skipulagi fyrir stefnumótun og áætlanagerð innan stjórnsýslunnar. Greiningin á stefnunum var unnin sem hluti af verkefninu um einföldun og fækkun stefna og áætlana. Heildargreiningin var upp á 198 greiningarþætti. Af þeim voru 108 til staðar (55%, 52 voru að hluta til staðar (26% og 38 voru ekki til staðar (19%. Þegar litið er til grunnþáttanna, eins og hvort stefnan eða áætlunin byggi á rannsóknum eða greiningum þá kemur það almennt nokkuð vel út úr greiningunni. Greiningin leiðir í ljós að styrkleiki stjórnsýslunnar felist í undirbúningi, greiningu og setningu markmiða. Veikleiki stjórnsýslunnar felst m.a. í skorti á tengingu við fjármagn, ófullnægjandi framkvæmd og takmarkaðri eftirfylgni. Í greininni eru lagðar fram tillögur að nýrri framtíðarsýn í stefnumótun innan stjórnsýslunnar. Þær fela í sér að bæta yfirsýn og vinnubrögð, m.a. með því að fækka stefnum og áætlunum, tengja stefnumótun og áætlanagerð ráðuneyta við undirbúning fjárlaga og tryggja að árangursmat og eftirlit sé alltaf fyrir hendi.

  11. M. G.-F. Leclerc, Préfet de la Haute-Savoie lors de sa visite dans le tunnel du LHC au Point 2 avec D. Delikaris, Département Technologie; dans la caverne de l'expérience ALICE avec B. Erazmus, Collaboration ALICE et lors de la signature du livre d'or avec F. Bordry, Chef du Département Technologie. P. Fassnacht, Conseiller au Bureau des Relations internationales présent.

    CERN Multimedia

    Jean-Claude Gadmer

    2013-01-01

    M. G.-F. Leclerc, Préfet de la Haute-Savoie lors de sa visite dans le tunnel du LHC au Point 2 avec D. Delikaris, Département Technologie; dans la caverne de l'expérience ALICE avec B. Erazmus, Collaboration ALICE et lors de la signature du livre d'or avec F. Bordry, Chef du Département Technologie. P. Fassnacht, Conseiller au Bureau des Relations internationales présent.

  12. Genetically elevated apolipoprotein A-I, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, and risk of ischemic heart disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lundegaard, Christiane; Tybjærg-Hansen, Anne; Grande, Peer

    2010-01-01

    Epidemiologically, levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and its major protein constituent, apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I), are inversely related to risk of ischemic heart disease (IHD).......Epidemiologically, levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and its major protein constituent, apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I), are inversely related to risk of ischemic heart disease (IHD)....

  13. Blue Sky Ideas in Artificial Intelligence Education from the EAAI 2017 New and Future AI Educator Program

    OpenAIRE

    Eaton, Eric; Koenig, Sven; Schulz, Claudia; Maurelli, Francesco; Lee, John; Eckroth, Joshua; Crowley, Mark; Freedman, Richard G.; Cardona-Rivera, Rogelio E.; Machado, Tiago; Williams, Tom

    2017-01-01

    The 7th Symposium on Educational Advances in Artificial Intelligence (EAAI'17, co-chaired by Sven Koenig and Eric Eaton) launched the EAAI New and Future AI Educator Program to support the training of early-career university faculty, secondary school faculty, and future educators (PhD candidates or postdocs who intend a career in academia). As part of the program, awardees were asked to address one of the following "blue sky" questions: * How could/should Artificial Intelligence (AI) courses ...

  14. JNK1 Mediates Lipopolysaccharide-Induced CD14 and SR-AI Expression and Macrophage Foam Cell Formation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dong An

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Foam cell formation is the key process in the development of atherosclerosis. The uptake of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL converts macrophages into foam cells. We recently reported that lipopolysaccharide (LPS-induced foam cell formation is regulated by CD14 and scavenger receptor AI (SR-AI. In this study, we employed pharmaceutical and gene knockdown approaches to determine the upstream molecular mediators, which control LPS-induced foam cell formation. Our results demonstrated that the specific c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK pathway inhibitor, SP600125, but neither the specific inhibitor of extracellular signaling-regulated kinase (ERK kinase MEK1/2, U0126, nor the specific inhibitor of p38 MAPK, SB203580, significantly blocks LPS-induced oxLDL uptake, suggesting that the JNK pathway is the upstream mediator of LPS-induced oxLDL uptake/foam cell formation. To address whether JNK pathway mediates LPS-induced oxLDL uptake is due to JNK pathway-regulated CD14 and SR-AI expression, we assessed whether the pharmaceutical inhibitor of JNK influences LPS-induced expression of CD14 and SR-AI. Our results indicate that JNK pathway mediates LPS-induced CD14 and SR-AI expression. To conclusively address the isoform role of JNK family, we depleted JNK isoforms using the JNK isoform-specific siRNA. Our data showed that the depletion of JNK1, but not JNK2 blocked LPS-induced CD14/SR-AI expression and foam cell formation. Taken together, our results reveal for the first time that JNK1 is the key mediator of LPS-induced CD14 and SR-AI expression in macrophages, leading to LPS-induced oxLDL uptake/foam cell formation. We conclude that the novel JNK1/CD14/SR-AI pathway controls macrophage oxLDL uptake/foam cell formation.

  15. Augmentation index (AI) in a dose-response relationship with smoking habits in males: The Tanushimaru study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsuru, Tomoko; Adachi, Hisashi; Enomoto, Mika; Fukami, Ako; Kumagai, Eita; Nakamura, Sachiko; Nohara, Yume; Kono, Shoko; Nakao, Erika; Sakaue, Akiko; Morikawa, Nagisa; Fukumoto, Yoshihiro

    2016-12-01

    We investigated the relationship between augmentation index (AI) and smoking habits in community-dwelling Japanese.This cross-sectional study enrolled 1926 subjects (769 males and 1157 females) aged 40 to 95 years who underwent a health check-up in a Japanese cohort of the Seven Countries Study, in Tanushimaru, a typical farming town in Kyushu Island in 2009. The subjects' medical history, alcohol intake, smoking habit, and current medications for hypertension, dyslipidemia, and diabetes were ascertained by questionnaire. Radial arterial pressure wave analysis was used to obtain AI. We analyzed the data stratified by gender.Age-adjusted means of AI in males showed a clear dose-response relationship in 4 categories of smoking habits (P = 0.010). There was no significant relationship between AI and smoking habits in females (P = 0.127). The significant dose-response relationship (P = 0.036) in males between AI and 4 categories of smoking habits still remained even after adjustment for age, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, estimated glomerular filtration rate, glucose, hypertensive medication, and alcohol intake.The present study demonstrated that AI values were significantly associated with smoking habits in a dose-dependent manner in Japanese males.

  16. Dietary açai modulates ROS production by neutrophils and gene expression of liver antioxidant enzymes in rats

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guerra, Joyce Ferreira da Costa; Magalhães, Cíntia Lopes de Brito; Costa, Daniela Caldeira; Silva, Marcelo Eustáquio; Pedrosa, Maria Lúcia

    2011-01-01

    ai (Euterpe oleracea Mart.) has recently emerged as a promising source of natural antioxidants. Because increased oxidative stress and impaired antioxidant defense mechanisms are important factors in the development of diabetic complications and many health claims have been reported for açai, the present study was undertaken to evaluate the possible protective effects of açai on the production of reactive oxygen species by neutrophils and on the liver antioxidant defense system in control and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Diet supplementation with 2% açai was found to increase mRNA levels for gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase and glutathione peroxidase in liver tissue and to decrease reactive oxygen species production by neutrophils. Compared to control animals, diabetic rats exhibited lower levels of mRNA coding for Zn-superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase and gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase and higher levels of reactive oxygen species production by neutrophils, thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances and carbonyl proteins in hepatic tissues. Although açai supplementation was not effective in restore gene expression of antioxidant enzymes in diabetic rats, it showed a protective effect, decreasing thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances levels and increasing reduced glutathione content in the liver. These findings suggest that açai can modulate reactive oxygen species production by neutrophils and that it has a significant favorable effect on the liver antioxidant defense system under fisiological conditions of oxidative stress and partially revert deleterious effects of diabetes in the liver. PMID:22128218

  17. De l’harmonie dans la construction des mots français

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roché Michel

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available La formation des gentilés, particulièrement sensible aux contraintes d’euphonie, permet de mettre en évidence, pour le français, deux manifestations complémentaires de la contrainte dissimilative. L’une, négative, tend à éviter la consécution à faible distance du même phonème ou de deux phonèmes proches. Elle explique la sous-représentation des deux principaux suffixes, -ais et -ois, après une accroche en sifflante, à cause de la sifflante conte-nue par le suffixe au féminin, ainsi que la sous-représentation de -ais après /E/ et de -ois après /A/. L’autre, positive, favorise entre les voyelles une harmonie fondée sur les contrastes. De-vant les suffixes dont la voyelle est une voyelle d’avant moyenne ou haute (-ais, -ain, -in, -ier…, sont privilégiés les radicaux dont la dernière voyelle est une voyelle d’arrière moyenne ou basse, et de préférence un /O/ plutôt qu’un /A/. Devant les suffixes dont la voyelle est une voyelles d’arrière moyenne ou basse (-ois, -ot, -on, -and, -at, -ard…, sont privilégiés les radi-caux dont la dernière voyelle est une voyelle d’avant moyenne ou haute, et de préférence un /i/ plutôt qu’un /E/. Pour cela, un yod au contact du suffixe joue le même rôle qu’un /i/ dans la syllabe précédente. Cette harmonie est obtenue soit par la sélection du suffixe, soit par un aménagement – substitution, épenthèse, troncation, insertion d’un interfixe, etc. – du radical fourni par la base. On observe d’autre part une harmonisation de l’accroche consonantique du radical avec la voyelle du suffixe. Devant -ois, sont privilégiées les attaques en labiale ou en vélaire, en accord avec le double caractère du /w/ propre à ce suffixe. Devant -ais et -ain, ce sont les attaques en dentale. Devant -ot, -on, -and, -at, -ard, la tendance à rapprocher l’articu-lation de la consonne de celle de la voyelle peut aller jusqu’aux vélaires mais elle s’arrête sou

  18. Global Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning (CMSP) from Space Based AIS Ship Tracking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwehr, K. D.; Foulkes, J. A.; Lorenzini, D.; Kanawati, M.

    2011-12-01

    All nations need to be developing long term integrated strategies for how to use and preserve our natural resources. As a part of these strategies, we must evalutate how communities of users react to changes in rules and regulations of ocean use. Global characterization of the vessel traffic on our Earth's oceans is essential to understanding the existing uses to develop international Coast and Marine Spatial Planning (CMSP). Ship traffic within 100-200km is beginning to be effectively covered in low latitudes by ground based receivers collecting position reports from the maritime Automatic Identification System (AIS). Unfortunately, remote islands, high latitudes, and open ocean Marine Protected Areas (MPA) are not covered by these ground systems. Deploying enough autonomous airborne (UAV) and surface (USV) vessels and buoys to provide adequate coverage is a difficult task. While the individual device costs are plummeting, a large fleet of AIS receivers is expensive to maintain. The global AIS coverage from SpaceQuest's low Earth orbit satellite receivers combined with the visualization and data storage infrastructure of Google (e.g. Maps, Earth, and Fusion Tables) provide a platform that enables researchers and resource managers to begin answer the question of how ocean resources are being utilized. Near real-time vessel traffic data will allow managers of marine resources to understand how changes to education, enforcement, rules, and regulations alter usage and compliance patterns. We will demonstrate the potential for this system using a sample SpaceQuest data set processed with libais which stores the results in a Fusion Table. From there, the data is imported to PyKML and visualized in Google Earth with a custom gx:Track visualization utilizing KML's extended data functionality to facilitate ship track interrogation. Analysts can then annotate and discuss vessel tracks in Fusion Tables.

  19. AI in medical education--another grand challenge for medical informatics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lillehaug, S I; Lajoie, S P

    1998-03-01

    The potential benefits of artificial intelligence in medicine (AIM) were never realized as anticipated. This paper addresses ways in which such potential can be achieved. Recent discussions of this topic have proposed a stronger integration between AIM applications and health information systems, and emphasize computer guidelines to support the new health care paradigms of evidence-based medicine and cost-effectiveness. These proposals, however, promote the initial definition of AIM applications as being AI systems that can perform or aid in diagnoses. We challenge this traditional philosophy of AIM and propose a new approach aiming at empowering health care workers to become independent self-sufficient problem solvers and decision makers. Our philosophy is based on findings from a review of empirical research that examines the relationship between the health care personnel's level of knowledge and skills, their job satisfaction, and the quality of the health care they provide. This review supports addressing the quality of health care by empowering health care workers to reach their full potential. As an aid in this empowerment process we argue for reviving a long forgotten AIM research area, namely, AI based applications for medical education and training. There is a growing body of research in artificial intelligence in education that demonstrates that the use of artificial intelligence can enhance learning in numerous domains. By examining the strengths of these educational applications and the results from previous AIM research we derive a framework for empowering medical personnel and consequently raising the quality of health care through the use of advanced AI based technology.

  20. Apolipoprotein A-I and Paraoxonase-1 Are Potential Blood Biomarkers for Ischemic Stroke Diagnosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walsh, Kyle B; Hart, Kimberly; Roll, Susan; Sperling, Matthew; Unruh, Dusten; Davidson, W Sean; Lindsell, Christopher J; Adeoye, Opeolu

    2016-06-01

    Blood biomarkers for ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke diagnosis remain elusive. Recent investigations suggested that apolipoprotein (Apo), matrix metalloproteinase (MMP), and paraoxonase-1 may be associated with stroke. We hypothesized that Apo A-I, Apo C-I, Apo C-III, MMP-3, MMP-9, and paraoxonase-1 are differentially expressed in ischemic stroke, hemorrhagic stroke, and controls. In a single-center prospective observational study, consecutive stroke cases were enrolled if blood samples were obtainable within 12 hours of symptom onset. Age- (±5 years), race-, and sex-matched controls were recruited. Multiplex assays were used to measure protein levels. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test and the Mann-Whitney U-test were used to compare biomarker values between ischemic stroke patients and controls, hemorrhagic stroke patients and controls, and ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke patients. The 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the difference of 2 medians were calculated. Fourteen ischemic stroke case-control pairs and 23 intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) case-control pairs were enrolled. Median Apo A-I levels were lower in ischemic stroke cases versus controls (140 mg/dL versus 175 mg/dL, difference of 35 mg/dL, 95% CI -54 to -16) and in ischemic stroke versus ICH cases (140 mg/dL versus 180 mg/dL, difference of 40 mg/dL, 95% CI -57 to -23). Median paraoxonase-1 was lower in ischemic stroke cases than in both ICH cases and matched controls. Median Apo C-I was slightly lower in ischemic stroke cases than in ICH cases. There were no differences between groups for MMP-3, MMP-9, and Apo C-III. Apo A-I and paraoxonase-1 levels may be clinically useful for ischemic stroke diagnosis and for differentiating between ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes. Copyright © 2016 National Stroke Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Traditional Chinese Medicine Bionic Tiger Bone Powder for the Treatment of AI-Associated Musculoskeletal Symptoms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yifan Li

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Aromatase inhibitors (AIs are used for adjuvant therapy of breast cancer; however AIMSS (AI-Associated Musculoskeletal Symptoms can negatively affect quality of life and compliance. Most patients in China moved to TCM (traditional Chinese medicine for help. TB (tiger bone is used to treat bone disease, whose main ingredients are calcium and collagen. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether the TB prevented AIMSS in postmenopausal women with ER/PR+ breast cancer. Methods. We conducted a randomized, blind, controlled study of comparing TB versus placebo for 12 weeks in postmenopausal women with breast cancer who have taken AI for less than a month. Patients completed the M-BPI, VAS, and FACT-B at baseline, 6 weeks, and 12 weeks. M-BPI and VAS were used as the primary outcomes. FACT-B was used as the secondary outcome. Serum E2 and FSH were tested every 6 weeks. Results. Of 70 evaluable cases, 8 of 35 patients (22.9% developed new or worsening point symptoms in TB group, compared to 21 of 35 (60% in placebo group (P<0.001. We also found differences between 2 groups in average pain (2 to 5.6, worst pain (3.9 to 8, pain interference severity (1.9 to 5.3, stiffness (2.4 to 6.9, and joint symptom interference (1.8 to 5.7, all P<0.001; similar findings were seen in VAS value (3 to 6.6 at the end of intervention. HRQoL measured by FACT-B (P<0.05 was improved. No change of serum estradiol and FSH between two groups. Conclusions. TB appeared to be effective and safe in the prevention of AIMSS. This trial is registered with ChiCTR-IPR-15007081.

  2. A bicentric controlled study on the effects of aquatic Ai Chi in Parkinson disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pérez-de la Cruz, Sagrario

    2018-02-01

    Various exercise strategies have been suggested to address movement deficits in order to improve motor function and quality of life for individuals in the early or moderate stages of Parkinson disease. The purpose is to evaluate the effects of an aquatic Ai Chi intervention on balance, gait speed and quality of life of patients. Twenty-nine people with Parkinson disease participated in this pilot study. People were randomized into (1) aquatic Ai Chi program (experimental group) and (2) a dry land conventional Western physical therapy intervention (control group). Twenty-two twice-weekly sessions were performed with the 14 patients assigned to the experimental group, during the same period of time as the control group (same number of sessions), who received dry land therapy. Visual Analogue scale (VAS), The Timed Get up and Go test, Five Times Sit-to-Stand test, single leg standing, Yesavage test and Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire (PDQ-39). A descriptive analysis was performed on all study variables. The results showed a significant effect on time - of a high effect which indicates that the VAS scores (F 1.3; p < 0.001), Five time (F = 1.8; p = 0.001) and Get up and Go (F = 1.7; p < 0.001) significantly decreased in time, independent of the treatment group. In contrast, no significant differences were found in the results shown on the PDQ-39 scale, finding only changes in the section of social support (p < 0.001 F = 18.63). The results of this 11-week controlled pilot trial suggest that aquatic Ai Chi applied twice weekly may potentially reduce Parkinsonian symptoms as measured on different motor symptoms, bradykinesia and rigidity. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Molecules that mimic apolipoprotein A-I: potential agents for treating atherosclerosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leman, Luke J; Maryanoff, Bruce E; Ghadiri, M Reza

    2014-03-27

    Certain amphipathic α-helical peptides can functionally mimic many of the properties of full-length apolipoproteins, thereby offering an approach to modulate high-density lipoprotein (HDL) for combating atherosclerosis. In this Perspective, we summarize the key findings and advances over the past 25 years in the development of peptides that mimic apolipoproteins, especially apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I). This assemblage of information provides a reasonably clear picture of the state of the art in the apolipoprotein mimetic field, an appreciation of the potential for such agents in pharmacotherapy, and a sense of the opportunities for optimizing the functional properties of HDL.

  4. Characterization of immortalized MARCO and SR-AI/II-deficient murine alveolar macrophage cell lines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Imrich Amy

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Alveolar macrophages (AM avidly bind and ingest unopsonized inhaled particles and bacteria through class A scavenger receptors (SRAs MARCO and SR-AI/II. Studies to characterize the function of these SRAs have used AMs from MARCO or SR-AI/II null mice, but this approach is limited by the relatively low yield of AMs. Moreover, studies using both MARCO and SR-AI/II-deficient (MS-/- mice have not been reported yet. Hence, we sought to develop continuous cell lines from primary alveolar macrophages from MS-/- mice. Results We used in vitro infection of the primary AMs with the J2 retrovirus carrying the v-raf and v-myc oncogenes. Following initial isolation in media supplemented with murine macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF, we subcloned three AM cell lines, designated ZK-1, ZK-2 and ZK-6. These cell lines grow well in RPMI-1640-10% FBS in the absence of M-CSF. These adherent but trypsin-sensitive cell lines have a doubling time of approximately 14 hours, exhibit typical macrophage morphology, and express macrophage-associated cell surface Mac-1 (CD11b and F4/80 antigens. The cell lines show robust Fc-receptor dependent phagocytosis of opsonized red blood cells. Similar to freshly isolated AMs from MS-/- mice, the cell lines exhibit decreased phagocytosis of unopsonized titanium dioxide (TiO2, fluorescent latex beads and bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus compared with the primary AMs from wild type (WT C57BL/6 mice. Conclusion Our results indicated that three contiguous murine alveolar macrophage cell lines with MS-/- (ZK1, ZK2 and ZK6 were established successfully. These cell lines demonstrated macrophage morphology and functional activity. Interestingly, similar to freshly isolated AMs from MS-/- mice, the cell lines have a reduced, but not absent, ability to bind and ingest particles, with an altered pattern of blockade by scavenger receptor inhibitors. These cell lines will facilitate in vitro studies to further define

  5. Le Journal en Français Facile de Radio France Internationale ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Cet article est basé sur une évaluation de la compréhension orale des apprenants Nigérians du FLE, de deux éditions du « Journal en Français Facile » présentées sur les antennes de Radio France Internationale (RFI). Les deux éditions du journal ont été enregistrées et soumises à l'écoute des apprenants de niveau ...

  6. Amazonian açai and food dyes for staining arbuscular- micorrhizal fungi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aline Lourdes Martins Silva

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Arbuscular mycorrhizae microscopy requires differential staining of typical structures. Dyes employed, such as trypan blue, pose risks to health and environment. Alternative dyes such as pen ink and aniline have variable coloring efficiency. In this work, Brachiaria decumbens roots, discolored with caustic soda (NaOH, were stained with açai, annatto, saffron, trypan blue and pen inks. There were significant differences among dyes regarding stained mycorrhizal structures and pictures quality. Acai was considered the best alternative dye, with similar results to trypan blue.

  7. DAISY-DAMP: A distributed AI system for the dynamic allocation and management of power

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Steven B.; Ohler, Peter C.

    1988-01-01

    One of the critical parameters that must be addressed when designing a loosely coupled Distributed AI SYstem (DAISY) has to do with the degree to which authority is centralized or decentralized. The decision to implement the Dynamic Allocation and Management of Power (DAMP) system as a network of cooperating agents mandated this study. The DAISY-DAMP problem is described; the component agents of the system are characterized; and the communication protocols system elucidated. The motivations and advantages in designing the system with authority decentralized is discussed. Progress in the area of Speech Act theory is proposed as playing a role in constructing decentralized systems.

  8. Treat a new and efficient match algorithm for AI production system

    CERN Document Server

    Miranker, Daniel P

    1988-01-01

    TREAT: A New and Efficient Match Algorithm for AI Production Systems describes the architecture and software systems embodying the DADO machine, a parallel tree-structured computer designed to provide significant performance improvements over serial computers of comparable hardware complexity in the execution of large expert systems implemented in production system form.This book focuses on TREAT as a match algorithm for executing production systems that is presented and comparatively analyzed with the RETE match algorithm. TREAT, originally designed specifically for the DADO machine architect

  9. Negombins A-I, new chlorinated polyfunctional diterpenoids from the marine sponge Negombata species.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rudi, Amira; Benayahu, Yehuda; Kashman, Yoel

    2007-06-07

    Nine novel compounds designated negombins A-I (1-9) were isolated, together with latrunculin, from the Tanzanian sponge Negombata sp. The nine are sacculatane type diterpenes, previously only known from liverworts. The structures of the compounds were elucidated by interpretation of MS and 1D and 2D NMR spectra. A possible biogenesis initiated by the naturally rare chloronium ion is suggested, possibly hinting to a guest microorganism as the source of the compounds. Compound 4 is toxic to brine shrimp larvae.

  10. Le genre discursif comme objet d’enseignement en didactique du français

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudel Chantal

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Le tournant communicatif des années 1970 a marqué l’évolution des travaux en didactique du français en orientant l’enseignement de la langue à partir de l’étude de documents et de contextes de communication variés. Dans cette perspective, les objets langagiers privilégiés sont le genre discursif et l’acte de parole. Si en didactique du français langue première (FL1, l’accès à la langue semble s’effectuer principalement par l’entremise des genres, en didactique du français langue étrangère (FLE, l’entrée privilégiée passe essentiellement par le recours aux actes de parole, sans pour autant que la notion de genre ne soit exclue des préoccupations du champ. Cet arrière-plan épistémologique laisse entrevoir l’existence de points de divergence, mais également de lieux de rencontre entre les deux contextes. Ceux-ci ont en effet en partage un même objet, le français et une même notion, le genre. Dans les deux cas, le genre est appréhendé comme objet d’enseignement-apprentissage, bien que l’importance de cette entrée demeure encore assez secondaire en didactique du FLE au regard de la place qui lui est accordée en FL1. Pour autant, où se situe la ligne de démarcation entre le genre en FL1 et le genre en FLE ? En outre, lorsqu’on opère un resserrement sur les pratiques en FLE, comment cette entrée est-elle appréhendée ? Ce sont ces deux questions qui sont abordées dans cet article à travers un état des lieux des positionnements privilégiés en FL1 et en FLE et la présentation de pistes d’exploitation des genres en FLE.

  11. Artificial Intelligence (AI techniques to analyze the determinants attributes in housing prices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia M. Núñez Tabale

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The econometric approach to obtain the value of a property began with hedonic modelling, which were based on a set of property attributes, internal or external, associated to each particular dwelling. The final sale value can be estimated, and also the marginal prices of each exogenous explanatory variable. A good alternative to the hedonic approach is based on several Artificial Intelligence (AI techniques, such as artificial neural networks (ANN, these tend to be more precise. Both methodologies are compared, and a case study is developed using data from Seville, the larger town in the South of Spain.

  12. Nuclear policy Council; Conseil de politique nucleaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-02-09

    This document contains a set of statement about the French nuclear policy and the different measures and actions undertaken by the main actors of the nuclear sector (EDF, CEA, AREVA, and so on) and official bodies. Different topics are thus addressed: sector competitiveness, security and safety strengthening, works aimed at reactor life extension, costs of the electronuclear sector, installation safety complementary assessment, and evolution of the existing nuclear fleet

  13. Stand Conseil de la Poste suisse

    CERN Multimedia

    La Poste

    2012-01-01

    Lundi 14 mai 2012 Téléphonie Mobile (abonnements & prolongations) Assurances (ménage, véhicules, voyages, ordinateurs) Swiss TV (locations de films) Venez découvrir nos offres ! Bât. 500 (Main building) en face du kiosque Novae de 9h00 à 16h00.

  14. 1 | Page PROSPECTUS INITIATIVE DES CONSEILS ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    khaled fourati

    recherche par les gouvernements nationaux, l'accroissement des activités de production et d'innovation scientifiques, la création d'organisations de soutien à la recherche scientifique, à la technologie et à l'innovation, et l'augmentation des projets de recherche coopératifs interrégionaux. Par exemple, de nombreux.

  15. 21 conseils pour la collecte de fonds

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Commencez vos démarches auprès d'un ou de deux donateurs à ceux qui sont le ... C'est plus rapide et vous avez ainsi l'assurance que le document a été vu avant d'être classé. De plus, vous ... La plupart des mesures qui améliorent la qualité d'un projet et la pertinence des politiques rendent aussi le projet plus attrayant ...

  16. Effects of Ai Chi on balance, quality of life, functional mobility, and motor impairment in patients with Parkinson's disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurt, Emine Eda; Büyükturan, Buket; Büyükturan, Öznur; Erdem, Hatice Rana; Tuncay, Figen

    2018-04-01

    In this study, we aimed to investigate effects of Ai Chi on balance, functional mobility, health-related quality of life, and motor impairment in patients with Parkinson's disease. This study was conducted as an open-label randomized controlled trial (ISRCTN26292510) with repeated measures. Forty patients with Parkinson's disease stages 2 to 3 according to the Hoehn and Yahr Scale were randomly allocated to either an Ai Chi exercise group or a land-based exercise control group for 5 weeks. Balance was measured using the Biodex-3,1 and the Berg Balance Scale. Functional mobility was evaluated using the Timed Up and Go Test. Additionally, health-related quality of life and motor activity were assessed with the Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire-39 and the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale-III. Although patients in both groups showed significant improvement in all outcome variables, improvement of dynamic balance was significantly greater in the Ai Chi group (p < 0.001), Berg Balance Scale (p < 0.001), Timed Up and Go Test (p = 0.002), Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire-39 (p < 0.001), Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale-III (p < 0.001). Our results suggest that an Ai Chi exercise program improves balance, mobility, motor ability, and quality of life. In addition, Ai Chi exercise was more effective as an intervention than land-based exercise in patients with mild to moderate Parkinson's disease. Implications for rehabilitation Ai Chi exercises (aquatic exercises) may help improve balance, functional mobility, health-related quality of life, and motor ability in patients with mild to moderate Parkinson's disease more efficiently than similar land-based exercises. Ai Chi exercises should be considered as a rehabilitation option for treatment of patients with mild or moderate Parkinson's disease.

  17. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS, environment, exposome and epigenetics: a molecular perspective of postnatal normal spinal growth and the etiopathogenesis of AIS with consideration of a network approach and possible implications for medical therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burwell R Geoffrey

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Genetic factors are believed to play an important role in the etiology of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS. Discordant findings for monozygotic (MZ twins with AIS show that environmental factors including different intrauterine environments are important in etiology, but what these environmental factors may be is unknown. Recent evidence for common chronic non-communicable diseases suggests epigenetic differences may underlie MZ twin discordance, and be the link between environmental factors and phenotypic differences. DNA methylation is one important epigenetic mechanism operating at the interface between genome and environment to regulate phenotypic plasticity with a complex regulation across the genome during the first decade of life. The word exposome refers to the totality of environmental exposures from conception onwards, comprising factors in external and internal environments. The word exposome is used here also in relation to physiologic and etiopathogenetic factors that affect normal spinal growth and may induce the deformity of AIS. In normal postnatal spinal growth we propose a new term and concept, physiologic growth-plate exposome for the normal processes particularly of the internal environments that may have epigenetic effects on growth plates of vertebrae. In AIS, we propose a new term and concept pathophysiologic scoliogenic exposome for the abnormal processes in molecular pathways particularly of the internal environment currently expressed as etiopathogenetic hypotheses; these are suggested to have deforming effects on the growth plates of vertebrae at cell, tissue, structure and/or organ levels that are considered to be epigenetic. New research is required for chromatin modifications including DNA methylation in AIS subjects and vertebral growth plates excised at surgery. In addition, consideration is needed for a possible network approach to etiopathogenesis by constructing AIS diseasomes. These approaches may

  18. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), environment, exposome and epigenetics: a molecular perspective of postnatal normal spinal growth and the etiopathogenesis of AIS with consideration of a network approach and possible implications for medical therapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Genetic factors are believed to play an important role in the etiology of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Discordant findings for monozygotic (MZ) twins with AIS show that environmental factors including different intrauterine environments are important in etiology, but what these environmental factors may be is unknown. Recent evidence for common chronic non-communicable diseases suggests epigenetic differences may underlie MZ twin discordance, and be the link between environmental factors and phenotypic differences. DNA methylation is one important epigenetic mechanism operating at the interface between genome and environment to regulate phenotypic plasticity with a complex regulation across the genome during the first decade of life. The word exposome refers to the totality of environmental exposures from conception onwards, comprising factors in external and internal environments. The word exposome is used here also in relation to physiologic and etiopathogenetic factors that affect normal spinal growth and may induce the deformity of AIS. In normal postnatal spinal growth we propose a new term and concept, physiologic growth-plate exposome for the normal processes particularly of the internal environments that may have epigenetic effects on growth plates of vertebrae. In AIS, we propose a new term and concept pathophysiologic scoliogenic exposome for the abnormal processes in molecular pathways particularly of the internal environment currently expressed as etiopathogenetic hypotheses; these are suggested to have deforming effects on the growth plates of vertebrae at cell, tissue, structure and/or organ levels that are considered to be epigenetic. New research is required for chromatin modifications including DNA methylation in AIS subjects and vertebral growth plates excised at surgery. In addition, consideration is needed for a possible network approach to etiopathogenesis by constructing AIS diseasomes. These approaches may lead through screening

  19. Effects of an Ai Chi fall prevention programme for patients with Parkinson's disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pérez-de la Cruz, S; García Luengo, A V; Lambeck, J

    2016-04-01

    One of the main symptoms of Parkinson's disease is the high incidence of falls occurring due to the decline of both static and dynamic balance. The aim of this study is to determine the effect of an Ai Chi programme designed to prevent falls in patients with Parkinson's disease by improving both functional independence and perception of physical pain. Fifteen patients diagnosed with Parkinson's disease (Hoehn and Yahr stages 1-3) participated in a 10-week Ai Chi programme consisting of 30 to 45-minute aquatic exercise sessions twice a week. The assessment measures used in this study were the pain visual analogue scale (VAS), the Tinetti gait and balance assessment tool, and the Timed Get up and Go test. The results were calculated by applying the Friedman test to 3 related measurements: patients at baseline, at post-treatment (at the end of the 10 week programme) and after one month of follow-up. The data obtained showed a significant improvement (p Parkinson's disease. Copyright © 2015 Sociedad Española de Neurología. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  20. Soil types and forest canopy structures in southern Missouri: A first look with AIS data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, G. M.; Arvidson, R. E.

    1986-01-01

    Spectral reflectance properties of deciduous oak-hickory forests covering the eastern half of the Rolla Quadrangle were examined using Thematic Mapper (TM) data acquired in August and December, 1982 and Airborne Imaging Spectrometer (AIS) data acquired in August, 1985. For the TM data distinctly high relative reflectance values (greater than 0.3) in the near infrared (Band 4, 0.73 to 0.94 micrometers) correspond to regions characterized by xeric (dry) forests that overlie soils with low water retention capacities. These soils are derived primarily from rhyolites. More mesic forests characterized by lower TM band 4 relative reflectances are associated with soils of higher retention capacities derived predominately from non-cherty carbonates. The major factors affecting canopy reflectance appear to be the leaf area index (LAI) and leaf optical properties. The Suits canopy reflectance model predicts the relative reflectance values for the xeric canopies. The mesic canopy reflectance is less well matched and incorporation of canopy shadowing caused by the irregular nature of the mesic canopy may be necessary. Preliminary examination of high spectral resolution AIS data acquired in August of 1985 reveals no more information than found in the broad band TM data.

  1. Artificial intelligence/expert (AI/EX) systems for steelworks pollution control

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schofield, N.; Le Louer, P.; Mirabile, D.; Hubner, R. [Corus UK Ltd., Rotherham (United Kingdom)

    2002-07-01

    The objectives of this project have been to develop and apply artificial intelligence and expert system (AI/EX) methods to improve the control and operational performance of steelworks' pollution control equipment and to assess the viability and benefits of using such systems in dynamic process plant applications. Four distinct sub-projects were carried out: an expert system incorporating knowledge-based rules and neural network simulations has been developed by Corus which provides plant personnel with a real-time condition monitoring tool for the plant. Abnormalities with plant operation are now instantly recognised and alarmed, allowing prioritised maintenance to increase plant availability. The LECES project focused on studies concerning three different sites in order to evaluate predictive emission monitoring systems using neural networks to replace conventional instrumental and controls in steelworks' combustion systems. VAI developed a software template for pollution control expert systems to demonstrate the transferability of AI/EX technology. This has been done through the development of a validated process database containing data from the Corus sub-project and the subsequent integration of this data with dynamic emission models to produce rules for input to an evaluation database. CSM developed a fuzzy logic controlled process management system applied to the biological treatment of coke-oven waste water. A pilot plant has been installed and results on simulations performed using the fuzzy logic system linked to a neural network simulator show that it is possible to obtain great advantages in the biological pilot plant performance.

  2. A review of current timed-AI (TAI) programs for beef and dairy cattle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colazo, Marcos G; Mapletoft, Reuben J

    2014-08-01

    This is a review of the physiology and endocrinology of the estrous cycle and how ovarian physiology can be manipulated and controlled for timed artificial insemination (TAI) in beef and dairy cattle. Estrus detection is required for artificial insemination (AI), but it is done poorly in dairy cattle and it is difficult in beef cattle. Protocols that synchronize follicle growth, corpus luteum regression and ovulation, allowing for TAI, result in improved reproductive performance, because all animals are inseminated whether they show estrus or not. As result, TAI programs have become an integral part of reproductive management in many dairy herds and offer beef producers the opportunity to incorporate AI into their herds. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone-based protocols are commonly used in North America for estrus synchronization as part of a TAI program. Protocols that increase pregnancy rates in lactating dairy cows and suckling beef cows have been developed. Protocols that improve pregnancy rates in heifers, acyclic beef cows, and resynchronized lactating dairy cows are also discussed.

  3. Atomics International fuel fabrication facility and low enrichment program [contributed by T.A. Moss, AI

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Moss, T.A.

    1993-01-01

    The AI facility is approximately 30,000 square feet in area and consists of four general areas. One area is devoted to the production of UAl x powder. It consists of a series of arc melting furnaces, crushing lines, glove boxes, and compacting presses. The second area is used for the rolling of fuel plates. The third area is used for the machining of the plates to final size and also the machining of the fuel elements. In the fourth area the fuel plates are swaged into assemblies, and all welding and inspection operations are performed. As part of the lower enrichment program we are scheduled to put a second UAl x powder line into operation and we have had to expand some of our storage area. Under the low enrichment program the AI fuel facility will be modified to accommodate a separate low enrichment Al x production line and compacting line. This facility modification should be done by the end of the fiscal year. We anticipate producing fuel with an enrichment slightly less than 20% We anticipate powder being available for plate production shortly after the facility is completed. Atomics International is scheduled to conduct plate LEU verification work using fully enriched material in the June-July time period, at which time we will investigate what level of uranium loadings we can go to using the current process. It is anticipated that 55 volume percent uranium compound in our fuel form can be achieved

  4. Taxi ! méthode de français : niveau 3

    CERN Document Server

    Johnson, Anne-Marie

    2004-01-01

    Taxi ! 3 est une méthode interactive, qui développe non seulement les connaissances, mais aussi les savoir-faire et les savoir-être de l'apprenant, à l'écrit comme à l'oral. La méthode est très simple à utiliser : une leçon = une double page. Taxi ! 3 couvre le niveau Bl du Cadre européen commun de référence pour l'apprentissage, l'enseignement et l'évaluation des langues. La méthode permet de se préparer aux épreuves A3 et A4 du DELF 1er degré. Une progression et des contenus fonctionnels et langagiers solides permettent à l'apprenant d'atteindre rapidement une autonomie en français dans des situations de la vie courante. Taxi ! 3 permet de mieux connaître la France d'aujourd'hui et les comportements des Français à travers une grande variété de documents authentiques (écrit et audio).

  5. Making Agricultural Innovation Systems (AIS Work for Development in Tropical Countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philipp Aerni

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Agricultural innovation in low-income tropical countries contributes to a more effective and sustainable use of natural resources and reduces hunger and poverty through economic development in rural areas. Yet, despite numerous recent public and private initiatives to develop capacities for agricultural innovation, such initiatives are often not well aligned with national efforts to revive existing Agricultural Innovation Systems (AIS. In an effort to improve coordination and responsiveness of Capacity Development (CD initiatives, the G20 Agriculture Ministers requested the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO to lead the development of a Tropical Agricultural Platform (TAP, which is designed to improve coherence and coordination of CD for agricultural innovation in the tropics. This paper presents a summary of the results obtained from three regional needs assessments undertaken by TAP and its partners. The surveyed tropical regions were Southeast Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa and Central America. The findings reveal a mismatch in all three regions between the external supply of primarily individual CD and the actual demand for institutional CD. The misalignment might be addressed by strengthening south-south and triangular collaboration and by improving the institutional capacities that would render national AIS more demand-oriented and responsive to the needs of smallholders in domestic agriculture.

  6. Vessel Pattern Knowledge Discovery from AIS Data: A Framework for Anomaly Detection and Route Prediction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karna Bryan

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Understanding maritime traffic patterns is key to Maritime Situational Awareness applications, in particular, to classify and predict activities. Facilitated by the recent build-up of terrestrial networks and satellite constellations of Automatic Identification System (AIS receivers, ship movement information is becoming increasingly available, both in coastal areas and open waters. The resulting amount of information is increasingly overwhelming to human operators, requiring the aid of automatic processing to synthesize the behaviors of interest in a clear and effective way. Although AIS data are only legally required for larger vessels, their use is growing, and they can be effectively used to infer different levels of contextual information, from the characterization of ports and off-shore platforms to spatial and temporal distributions of routes. An unsupervised and incremental learning approach to the extraction of maritime movement patterns is presented here to convert from raw data to information supporting decisions. This is a basis for automatically detecting anomalies and projecting current trajectories and patterns into the future. The proposed methodology, called TREAD (Traffic Route Extraction and Anomaly Detection was developed for different levels of intermittency (i.e., sensor coverage and performance, persistence (i.e., time lag between subsequent observations and data sources (i.e., ground-based and space-based receivers.

  7. ALARA cost/benefit analysis at Union Electric company using the ARP/AI methodology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Williams, M.C.

    1987-01-01

    This paper describes the development of a specific method for justification of expenditures associated with reducing occupational radiation exposure to as low as reasonably achievable (ALARA). This methodology is based on the concepts of the Apparebt Reduction Potential (ARP) and Achievability index (AI) as described in NUREG/CR-0446, Union Eletric's corporate planning model and the EPRI Model for dose rate buildup with reactor operating life. The ARP provides a screening test to determine if there is a need for ALARA expenditures based on actual or predicted exposure rates and/or dose experience. The AI is a means of assessing all costs and all benefits, even though they are expressed in different units of measurement such as person-rem and dollars, to determine if ALARA expenditures are justified and their value. This method of cost/benefit analysis can be applied by any company or organization utilizing site-specific exposure and dose rate data, and incorporating consideration of administrative exposure controls which may vary from organization to organization. Specific example cases are presented and compared to other methodologies for ALARA cost/benefit analysis

  8. Objectif Express 1 le monde professionnel en français A1/A2

    CERN Document Server

    Tauzin, Béatrice

    2013-01-01

    Avec un nouveau look et des contenus actualisés pour prendre en compte les évolutions du monde de l’entreprise française, la nouvelle édition d'Objectif Express 1 propose une parfaite association entre le français de tous les jours et le français de l'entreprise. 10 unités basées sur des thématiques de l'entreprise : Entrez en contact ; Organisez votre journée ; Trouvez un emploi ... Chaque unité propose : - 4 leçons d'apprentissage (1 leçon = 1 double page) basées sur des tâches concrètes et simples, ancrées dans le monde du travail francophone - 1 double page Outils linguistiques - 1 page Entrainez-vous - 1 page Testez-vous - 2 pages Repères dans chaque unité : des repères culturels et des repères professionnels Toutes les 3 unités, un scénario professionnel pour une mise en œuvre des acquis langagiers et une mobilisation des compétences professionnelles de l'apprenant. Une préparation aux diplômes DFP A2, DELF Pro A1 et A2 et au test BULATS En annexes : des tableaux d...

  9. Vocabulaire progressif du français avec 250 exercices : niveau débutant

    CERN Document Server

    Miquel, Claire

    2002-01-01

    Le Vocabulaire progressif du français est un ouvrage destiné aux étudiants adolescents et adultes de niveaux débutant et faux débutant. Conçu pour être utilisé comme complément de méthode en classe, ou comme guide pour un auto-apprentissage, il comprend : - sur la page de gauche, une leçon de vocabulaire : les mots sont mis en contexte dans des phrases, des histoires, des dialogues, ou bien encore mis en scène grâce à des illustrations - sur la page de droite, des exercices d'application et des activités de communication classés par ordre de difficulté croissante. Le lexique est présenté de façon thématique. Chaque chapitre est constitué de plusieurs séquences assurant un enrichissement progressif. Ce manuel aborde un vocabulaire vivant qui correspond à la réalité des Français d'aujourd'hui. Il constitue une véritable initiation aux codes culturels. Les corrigés sont disponibles dans un livret séparé (ISBN 2090338792)

  10. Grammaire progressive du français avec 400 exercices : niveau avancé

    CERN Document Server

    Boularès, Michèle

    1997-01-01

    La Grammaire progressive du français, de niveau avancé, s'adresse à de grands adolescents et adultes ayant suivi environ 250 heures de cours.Par une méthode progressive, des exemples nombreux et pertinents pour renforcer les règles de grammaire, une langue authentique, cet ouvrage a pour objectif de rendre vivant et stimulant l'apprentissage de la grammaire.Elle présente et explique des points complexes (subjonctif, gérondif, adjectif verbal, participe présent...) et relie résolument la forme et le sens afin de ne pas dissocier grammaire et communication. La Grammaire progressive du français est une grammaire pédagogique: les explications grammaticales sont simples, le plus souvent de l'ordre de la phrase, elles utilisent un minimum de métalangage; des exemples clairs et nombreux illustrent chque explication grammaticale; la langue utilisée dans les exemples et les exercices est authentique. Quand l'exemple illustrant un point grammatical exige un niveau de langage soutenue, celui-ci est signalé...

  11. Regulation of Yersina pestis Virulence by AI-2 Mediated Quorum Sensing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Segelke, B; Hok, S; Lao, V; Corzett, M; Garcia, E

    2010-03-29

    The proposed research was motivated by an interest in understanding Y. pestis virulence mechanisms and bacteria cell-cell communication. It is expected that a greater understanding of virulence mechanisms will ultimately lead to biothreat countermeasures and novel therapeutics. Y. pestis is the etiological agent of plague, the most devastating disease in human history. Y. pestis infection has a high mortality rate and a short incubation before mortality. There is no widely available and effective vaccine for Y. pestis and multi-drug resistant strains are emerging. Y. pestis is a recognized biothreat agent based on the wide distribution of the bacteria in research laboratories around the world and on the knowledge that methods exist to produce and aerosolize large amounts of bacteria. We hypothesized that cell-cell communication via signaling molecules, or quorum sensing, by Y. pestis is important for the regulation of virulence factor gene expression during host invasion, though a causative link had never been established. Quorum sensing is a mode of intercellular communication which enables orchestration of gene expression for many bacteria as a function of population density and available evidence suggests there may be a link between quorum sensing and regulation of Y. pesits virulence. Several pathogenic bacteria have been shown to regulate expression of virulence factor genes, including genes encoding type III secretion, via quorum sensing. The Y. pestis genome encodes several cell-cell signaling pathways and the interaction of at least three of these are thought to be involved in one or more modes of host invasion. Furthermore, Y. pestis gene expression array studies carried out at LLNL have established a correlation between expression of known virulence factors and genes involved in processing of the AI-2 quorum sensing signal. This was a basic research project that was intended to provide new insights into bacterial intercellular communication and how it is

  12. Effects of lipid composition and packing on the adsorption of apolipoprotein A-I to lipid monolayers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ibdah, J.A.; Phillips, M.C.

    1988-01-01

    To better understand the factors controlling the binding of apolipoprotein molecules at the surfaces of serum lipoprotein particles, the adsorption of human apolipoprotein A-I to phospholipid monolayers has been studied. The influence of lipid packing was investigated by spreading the monolayers at various initial surface pressures (π/sub i/) and by using various types of lipid. The adsorption of 14 C-methylated apolipoprotein A-I was monitored by simultaneously following the surface radioactivity and the change in surface pressure (Δπ). In general, increasing the π/sub i/ of lipid monolayers reduces the adsorption of apolipoprotein A-I. The degree of adsorption of the apolipoprotein is also influenced by the physical state of the lipid monolayers. Addition of cholesterol generally decreases the adsorption of apolipoprotein A-I to egg PC monolayers. Analysis of the adsorption data suggests that the lateral compressibility of a lipid monolayer is a major determinant of the extent to which apolipoprotein A-I adsorbs. The protein penetrates into the interface to occupy space made available by the concomitant compression of phospholipid molecules so Gamma is higher for relatively compressible lipid monolayers. Lipid-protein interactions appear to influence the degree of adsorption to only a minor degree

  13. Physical activities of Patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS): preliminary longitudinal case?control study historical evaluation of possible risk factors

    OpenAIRE

    McMaster, Marianne E; Lee, Amanda Jane; Burwell, R Geoffrey

    2015-01-01

    To our knowledge there are no publications that have evaluated physical activities in relation to the etiopathogenesis of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) other than sports scolioses. In a preliminary longitudinal case?control study, mother and child were questioned and the children examined by one observer. The aim of the study was to examine possible risk factors for AIS. Two study groups were assessed for physical activities: 79 children diagnosed as having progressive AIS at one spin...

  14. Preliminary experience with SpineEOS, a new software for 3D planning in AIS surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrero, Emmanuelle; Mazda, Keyvan; Simon, Anne-Laure; Ilharreborde, Brice

    2018-04-24

    Preoperative planning of scoliosis surgery is essential in the effective treatment of spine pathology. Thus, precontoured rods have been recently developed to avoid iatrogenic sagittal misalignment and rod breakage. Some specific issues exist in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), such as a less distal lower instrumented level, a great variability in the location of inflection point (transition from lumbar lordosis to thoracic kyphosis), and sagittal correction is limited by both bone-implant interface. Since 2007, stereoradiographic imaging system is used and allows for 3D reconstructions. Therefore, a software was developed to perform preoperative 3D surgical planning and to provide rod's shape and length. The goal of this preliminary study was to assess the feasibility, reliability, and the clinical relevance of this new software. Retrospective study on 47 AIS patients operated with the same surgical technique: posteromedial translation through posterior approach with lumbar screws and thoracic sublaminar bands. Pre- and postoperatively, 3D reconstructions were performed on stereoradiographic images (EOS system, Paris, France) and compared. Then, the software was used to plan the surgical correction and determine rod's shape and length. Simulated spine and rods were compared to postoperative real 3D reconstructions. 3D reconstructions and planning were performed by an independent observer. 3D simulations were performed on the 47 patients. No difference was found between the simulated model and the postoperative 3D reconstructions in terms of sagittal parameters. Postoperatively, 21% of LL were not within reference values. Postoperative SVA was 20 mm anterior in 2/3 of the cases. Postoperative rods were significantly longer than precontoured rods planned with the software (mean 10 mm). Inflection points were different on the rods used and the planned rods (2.3 levels on average). In this preliminary study, the software based on 3D stereoradiography low

  15. AI (artificial intelligence in histopathology--from image analysis to automated diagnosis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleksandar Bogovac

    2010-02-01

    continuous education in anatomy and pathology. First attempts to introduce them into routine work have been reported. Application of AI has been established by automated immunohistochemical measurement systems (EAMUS, www.diagnomX.eu. The performance of automated diagnosis has been reported for a broad variety of organs at sensitivity and specificity levels >85%. The implementation of a complete connected AI supported system is in its childhood. Application of AI in digital tissue--based diagnosis will allow the pathologists to work as supervisors and no longer as primary "water carriers". Its accurate use will give them the time needed to concentrating on difficult cases for the benefit of their patients.

  16. Effects of herd origin, AI stud and sire identification on genetic evaluation of Holstein Friesian bulls

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovanni Bittante

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to estimate the effects of herd origin of bull, AI stud and sire identification number (ID  on official estimated breeding values (EBV for production traits of Holstein Friesian proven bulls. The data included 1,005  Italian Holstein-Friesian bulls, sons of 76 sires, born in 100 herds and progeny tested by 10 AI studs. Bulls were required  to have date of first proof between September 1992 and September 1997, to be born in a herd with at least one other  bull and to have sire and dam with official EBV when bull was selected for progeny testing. Records of sires with only one  son were also discarded. The dependent variable analyzed was the official genetic evaluation for a “quantity and quality  of milk” index (ILQ. The linear model to predict breeding values of bulls included the fixed class effects of herd origin of  bull, AI testing organization, birth year of bull, and estimated breeding values of sire and dam, both as linear covariates.  The R2of the model was 45% and a significant effect was found for genetic merit of sire (P   for herd origin of bull (P   nificant. The range of herd origin effect was 872 kg of ILQ. However, in this study, the causes of this result were not  clear; it may be due to numerous factors, one of which may be preferential treatment on dams of bulls. Analyses of resid-  uals on breeding value of proven bulls for ILQ showed a non significant effect of sire ID, after adjusting for parent aver-  age, herd origin effect and birth year effect. Although the presence of bias in genetic evaluation of dairy bulls is not evi-  dent, further research is recommended firstly to understand the reasons of the significant herd origin effect, secondly to  monitor and guarantee the greatest accuracy and reliability of genetic evaluation procedures. 

  17. Disruption of human plasma high-density lipoproteins by streptococcal serum opacity factor requires labile apolipoprotein A-I.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Mikyung; Gillard, Baiba K; Courtney, Harry S; Ward, Kathryn; Rosales, Corina; Khant, Htet; Ludtke, Steven J; Pownall, Henry J

    2009-02-24

    Human plasma high-density lipoproteins (HDL), the primary vehicle for reverse cholesterol transport, are the target of serum opacity factor (SOF), a virulence determinant of Streptococcus pyogenes that turns serum opaque. HDL comprise a core of neutral lipidscholesteryl esters and some triglyceridesurrounded by a surface monolayer of cholesterol, phospholipids, and specialized proteins [apolipoproteins (apos) A-I and A-II]. A HDL is an unstable particle residing in a kinetic trap from which it can escape via chaotropic, detergent, or thermal perturbation. Recombinant (r) SOF catalyzes the transfer of nearly all neutral lipids of approximately 100,000 HDL particles (D approximately 8.5 nm) into a single, large cholesteryl ester-rich microemulsion (CERM; D > 100 nm), leaving a new HDL-like particle [neo HDL (D approximately 5.8 nm)] while releasing lipid-free (LF) apo A-I. CERM formation and apo A-I release have similar kinetics, suggesting parallel or rapid consecutive steps. By using complementary physicochemical methods, we have refined the mechanistic model for HDL opacification. According to size exclusion chromatography, a HDL containing nonlabile apo A-I resists rSOF-mediated opacification. On the basis of kinetic cryo-electron microscopy, rSOF (10 nM) catalyzes the conversion of HDL (4 microM) to neo HDL via a stepwise mechanism in which intermediate-sized particles are seen. Kinetic turbidimetry revealed opacification as a rising exponential reaction with a rate constant k of (4.400 +/- 0.004) x 10(-2) min(-1). Analysis of the kinetic data using transition state theory gave an enthalpy (DeltaH()), entropy (DeltaS(++)), and free energy (DeltaG()) of activation of 73.9 kJ/mol, -66.87 J/K, and 94.6 kJ/mol, respectively. The free energy of activation for opacification is nearly identical to that for the displacement of apo A-I from HDL by guanidine hydrochloride. We conclude that apo A-I lability is required for HDL opacification, LF apo A-I desorption is the

  18. Disruption of Human Plasma High Density Lipoproteins by Streptococcal Serum Opacity Factor Requires Labile Apolipoprotein A-I

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Mikyung; Gillard, Baiba K.; Courtney, Harry S.; Ward, Kathryn; Rosales, Corina; Khant, Htet; Ludtke, Steven J.; Pownall, Henry J.

    2010-01-01

    Human plasma high density lipoproteins (HDL), the primary vehicle for reverse cholesterol transport, are the target of serum opacity factor (SOF), a virulence determinant of Streptococcus pyogenes that turns serum opaque. HDL comprise a core of neutral lipids–cholesteryl esters and some triglyceride–surrounded by a surface monolayer of cholesterol, phospholipids, and specialized proteins–apolipoproteins (apos) A-I and A-II. HDL is an unstable particle residing in a kinetic trap from which it can escape via chaotropic, detergent or thermal perturbation. Recombinant (r) SOF catalyzes the transfer of nearly all neutral lipids of ~100,000 HDL particles (D ~ 8.5 nm) into a single, large cholesteryl ester-rich microemulsion (CERM; D >100 nm) leaving a new HDL-like particle–neo HDL (D ~5.8 nm) while releasing lipid-free (LF) apo A-I. CERM formation and apo A-I release have similar kinetics suggesting parallel or rapid consecutive steps. By using complementary physico-chemical methods, we have refined the mechanistic model for HDL opacification. According to size exclusion chromatography, HDL containing non-labile apo A-I resists rSOF-mediated opacification. Based on kinetic cryo electron microscopy, rSOF (10 nM) catalyzes the conversion of HDL (4 μM) to neo HDL via a step-wise mechanism in which intermediate-size particles are seen. Kinetic turbidimetry revealed opacification as a rising exponential reaction with a rate constant k = (4.400 ± 0.004) × 10−2 min−1. Analysis of the kinetic data using transition state theory gave an enthalpy, entropy and free energy of activation of ΔH‡ = 73.9 kJ/mol, ΔS‡ = −66.87 J/°K, and ΔG‡ = 94.6 kJ/mol respectively. The free energy of activation for opacification is nearly identical to that for the displacement of apo A-I from HDL by guanidine hydrochloride. We conclude that apo A-I lability is required for HDL opacification, LF apo A-I desorption is the rate-limiting step, and nearly all HDL particles contain

  19. The assessment of the impact of socio-economic factors in accepting cancer using the Acceptance of Illness Scale (AIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleksandra I. Czerw

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Aim of the study : The paper presents the results of examining the level of acceptance of the illness in cancer patients using the Acceptance of Illness Scale (AIS. Materials and methods: The study involved cancer patients treated at the Central Clinical Hospital of the Ministry the Interior in Warsaw in 2014. The questionnaire comprised basic demographic questions (socio-economic factors and the AIS test estimating the level of illness acceptance in patients. Results : For the group of patients in the research group, the arithmetic mean amounted to 27.56 points. The period of time that elapsed between the first cancer diagnosis and the start of the study did not influence the score of accepting illness. The acceptance of illness in patients diagnosed with metastases differed from the acceptance of illness by patients diagnosed with metastatic cancer. Females obtained the average of 29.59 in the AIS test, whereas the average in male patients was 26.17. The patients’ age did not impact the AIS test. There were no differences in the AIS test results between a group of people with secondary education and a group of people with higher education. There were no differences in the AIS test results between employed individuals versus pensioners. The inhabitants of cities were characterized by the highest degree of acceptance of their health condition. The lowest degree of acceptance of illness was observed in the group with the lowest average incomes. In the group of married individuals the average degree of acceptance of illness amounted to 27.37 points. The average degree of acceptance of illness in patients that declared themselves as single amounted to 25.75. Conclusions : The average degree of acceptance of illness in the study group was 27.56 points, which is a relatively high level of acceptance of cancer. The main socio-economic factor, which influenced the AIS test results was whether metastases were diagnosed or not. There were no

  20. Semantically-based priors and nuanced knowledge core for Big Data, Social AI, and language understanding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olsher, Daniel

    2014-10-01

    Noise-resistant and nuanced, COGBASE makes 10 million pieces of commonsense data and a host of novel reasoning algorithms available via a family of semantically-driven prior probability distributions. Machine learning, Big Data, natural language understanding/processing, and social AI can draw on COGBASE to determine lexical semantics, infer goals and interests, simulate emotion and affect, calculate document gists and topic models, and link commonsense knowledge to domain models and social, spatial, cultural, and psychological data. COGBASE is especially ideal for social Big Data, which tends to involve highly implicit contexts, cognitive artifacts, difficult-to-parse texts, and deep domain knowledge dependencies. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. Artificial intelligence library for html5 based games: DignityAI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berkan Uslu

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Today, acceleration of internet and common use of web pages, revealed the necessity of work with any browser smoothly for each application without of requirement of any plug-in. Generally, HTML5 is a new body of standards which is formed with the combination of CSS and JavaScript. In this context, by analysing game engines developed for HTML5, their features and advantages are investigated. Although, these game engines are close to catch up with the level of popular game engines, it is seen that none of artificial intelligence library was developed for HTML5 based games up to now. In this study, DignityAI artificial intelligence library is developed to fill this deficiency. Developed library has ability to be integrated to all HTML5 games independently from game engine and to add artificial intelligence dynamics to these games.

  2. Using AI and Semantic Web Technologies to attack Process Complexity in Open Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Simon; Giles, Nick; Li, Yang; Gharib, Hamid; Nguyen, Thuc Duong

    Recently many vendors and groups have advocated using BPEL and WS-BPEL as a workflow language to encapsulate business logic. While encapsulating workflow and process logic in one place is a sensible architectural decision the implementation of complex workflows suffers from the same problems that made managing and maintaining hierarchical procedural programs difficult. BPEL lacks constructs for logical modularity such as the requirements construct from the STL [12] or the ability to adapt constructs like pure abstract classes for the same purpose. We describe a system that uses semantic web and agent concepts to implement an abstraction layer for BPEL based on the notion of Goals and service typing. AI planning was used to enable process engineers to create and validate systems that used services and goals as first class concepts and compiled processes at run time for execution.

  3. A nuclear decision support system built with a real-time process control AI shell

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nevins, M.A.

    1990-01-01

    Managing large nuclear power plants is generally approached by creating separate management teams to handle major functional areas such as operations, maintenance, training and engineering. While this approach facilitates a general understanding of the specific functions and problem areas of a nuclear plant, such broad definitions diminish the integration of information needed to understand the overall problem domain. One solution utilizes a decision support system that integrates a real-time process control AI shell, relational database manager, graphic depiction of the real-time events, and distributed knowledge bases that reside within each of the departments. The goal is to create a living model between plant components, procedures, tech specs, specific functions, maintenance and training requirements. This paper describes such a model, called Engineering Model and Simulation System (EMASS)

  4. Diapo, applying advanced AI methods to diagnosis of PWR reactor coolant pump

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Porcheron, M.; Ricard, B.

    1993-01-01

    Electricite de France has decided to increase the capabilities of its monitoring and diagnostic architecture with the development of an AI system for reactor coolant pump diagnostic support. This development is carried out with the cooperation of the equipment constructor Jeumont Schneider Industries. This diagnostic system will eventually be included in an integrated surveillance architecture. We present the architecture of the system and the basics of the knowledge model used. Main data for diagnosis are provided by sensor data issued by the pump monitoring system. Diagnostic reasoning is based on the cooperation of two main activities : a heuristic search among typical symptomatic situations that leads to the formulation of hypotheses and a ''deep'' causal analysis that consists in backtracking from identified situations up to initial faults or causes. This approach is well fitted to field expert reasoning, and provides powerful diagnostic capabilities that help to overcome conventional limitations of expert systems entirely based on heuristic knowledge. (authors). 9 figs., 11 refs

  5. Analysis of Satellite AIS Data to Derive Weather Judging Criteria for Voyage Route Selection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michio Fujii

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The operational limitations are discussed at the IMO as a part of the second generation intact stability criteria. Since it is a first attempt to introduce operational efforts into safety regulations, comprehensive discussions are necessary to realize practically acceptable ones. Therefore this study investigates actual navigation routes of container ships and pure car carriers in the trans-North Pacific Ocean in winter, because they are prone to suffer significant parametric roll which is one of stability failure modes. Firstly, interviews are made to shipmasters who have experiences to have operated the subject ships to identify major elements for route selection in the North Pacific Ocean. Secondly, sufficient number of actual navigation records is collected from Satellite AIS data to derive the weather criteria for the route selection in severe weather condition. Finally, shipmaster’s on-board decision-making criteria are discussed by analysing the ship tracking data and weather data.

  6. An introduction to bicomplex variables and functions; Introduzione ai sistemi ipercomplessi commutativi a quattro unita

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Catoni, Francesco; Cannata, Roberto [ENEA, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, Rome (Italy). Servizio Centralizzato Informatica e Reti; Catoni, Vincenzo; Zampetti, Paolo [ENEA, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, Rome (Italy). Unita tecnico scientifica Fonti Rinnovabili e Cicli Energetici Innovativi

    2005-08-15

    The commutative quaternions introduced by C. Segre are similar to the Hamilton quaternions but, thanks to their commutativity, allow to introduce the functions. This property opens new ways far applications. [Italian] E noto da un teorema di Scheffers che per i sistemi ipercomplessi com-mutativi esiste il calcolo integrodifferenziale che permette di definire le loro funzioni in modo perfettamente analogo alle funzioni di variabili complesse. Questa proprieta rende questi sistemi, potenzialmente utilizzabili in nuovi campi, rispetto ai quaternioni noncommutativi di Hamilton. In questo lavoro introduciamo due di questi sistemi con le loro proprieta algebriche, le condizioni differenziali (condizioni di Cauchy-Riemann generalizzate) a cui devono soddisfare le loro funzioni e, infine, sono date le espressioni delle funzioni elementari.

  7. A Comparative Evaluation of Procedural Level Generators in the Mario AI Framework

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Horn, Britton; Dahlskog, Steve; Shaker, Noor

    Evaluation is an open problem in procedural content generation research. The eld is now in a state where there is a glut of content generators, each serving dierent purposes and using a variety of techniques. It is dicult to understand, quantitatively or qualitatively, what makes one generator...... dierent from another in terms of its output. To remedy this, we have conducted a large-scale comparative evaluation of level generators for the Mario AI Benchmark, a research-friendly clone of the classic platform game Super Mario Bros. In all, we compare the output of seven dierent level generators from...... generators. The results presented in this paper, and the accompanying source code, is meant to become a benchmark against which to test new level generators and expressivity metrics....

  8. Risques environnementaux et enjeux à Clipperton (Pacifique français)

    OpenAIRE

    Jost, Christian

    2005-01-01

    Sur l’atoll inhabité de Clipperton, quatrième territoire français du Pacifique, les écosystèmes terrestres et lagonaires se dégradent de façon préoccupante tandis que les risques naturels sont majeurs. Depuis les années soixante, un processus de désertification de la couronne a été enclenché suite à l’élimination du porc introduit à la fin du XIXe siècle et à la prolifération consécutive des crabes terrestres omnivores et à celle de milliers d’oiseaux de mer. L’absence de végétation correspon...

  9. Klyflaccicembranols A-I, New Cembranoids from the Soft Coral Klyxum flaccidum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmed, Atallah F; Tsai, Chia-Ruei; Huang, Chiung-Yao; Wang, Sheng-Yang; Sheu, Jyh-Horng

    2017-01-21

    New cembranoids klyflaccicembranols A-I ( 1 - 9 ), along with gibberosene D ( 10 ), have been isolated from the organic extract of a Formosan soft coral Klyxum flaccidum . Their structures were established by extensive spectroscopic analyses, including 2D NMR spectroscopy, and spectral data comparison with related structures. The cytotoxicity of the isolated metabolites, as well as their nitric oxide (NO) inhibitory activity, were evaluated and reported. Metabolites 2 , 4 , 6 , 8 and 9 were found to exhibit variable activities against a limited panel of cancer cell lines in a range of IC 50 16.5-49.4 μM. Among the tested cembranoids, compounds 4 , 5 , 6 , and 9 significantly inhibited NO production in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophages at a dose of 50 μg/mL.

  10. Du fonctionnement dialogique de l’insistance pronominale en français

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nowakowska Aleksandra

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available En appui sur les travaux de Bakhtine, le dialogisme peut être défini comme l’orientation constitutive de tout discours vers d’autres discours. Le présent article examine le fonctionnement dialogique de l’insistance pronominale en français (je travaille, moi !. Est-elle un marqueur ou un signale dialogique ? Nous présenterons dans un premier temps le cadre théorique et méthodologique de notre recherche ainsi que les données sur lesquelles celle-ci est basée. Nous proposerons ensuite une description syntaxique et textuelle de l’insistance pronominale, avant de la relier à la notion de dialogisme pour voir si ce phénomène linguistique est un marqueur ou un signal dialogique au sens attribué à cette distinction par Bres et Mellet 2009.

  11. Exploitation de données AIS pour la cartographie du transport maritime

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damien Le Guyader

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Cet article présente une méthodologie de caractérisation spatiale, temporelle et quantitative du transport maritime en rade de Brest (Bretagne, France, difficile à appréhender du fait de sa forte variabilité. Par la mobilisation d'une base d'informations spatio-temporelles issues de données AIS (Automatic Identification System et le recours à des procédures d'analyse spatiale mises en œuvre au sein d'un SIG (Système d'Information Géographique, le trafic maritime quotidien de charge et de passagers est identifié, quantifié et cartographié pour une année.

  12. Comparison of AI techniques for prediction of liver fibrosis in hepatitis patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keltch, Brian; Lin, Yuan; Bayrak, Coskun

    2014-08-01

    Globally one in twelve people have the Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C virus. Diagnosis and treatment of this disease is guided by liver biopsies where a small amount of tissue is removed by a surgeon and examined by a pathologist to determine the fibrosis stage from F(0) (no damage) to F(4) (cirrhosis). Biopsies are costly and carry some risk for the patient. Non-invasive techniques for determining fibrosis stage have been developed and evaluated since 2003. Non-invasive methods have utilized serum markers, imaging test, and genetic studies. The accuracy of these non-invasive techniques has not achieved sufficient acceptance and so the invasive biopsy is still considered the gold standard.Clinical decision support systems (CDSS) use decision support system theory and technology to assist clinicians in the evaluation and treatment process. Using historical clinical data and the relationship processed by Artificial Intelligence (AI) techniques to aid physicians in their decision making process is the goal of CDSS. The CDSS provides a large number of medical support functions to help clinicians make the most reasonable diagnosis and choose the best treatment measures.This paper applies four artificial intelligence predictive techniques to publicly available data on 424 Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C patients. Demographic and standard serum markers are utilized to predict fibrosis stage and compare these predictions to known biopsy results. A final decision tree evaluation is applied to make a final prediction. We have also developed a publically available web application that can be used as a prototype for presenting AI predictive results in a CDSS environment based on these models. This technique along with others could mitigate the need for some liver biopsies in the more than 500 million Hepatitis B and C patients worldwide with additional validation and verification.

  13. FreshAiR and Field Studies—Augmenting Geological Reality with Mobile Devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Paor, D. G.; Crompton, H.; Dunleavy, M.

    2014-12-01

    During the last decade, mobile devices have fomented a revolution in geological mapping. Present Clinton set the stage for this revolution in the year 2000 when he ordered a cessation to Selective Availability, making reliable GPS available for civilian use. Geologists began using personal digital assistants and ruggedized tablet PCs for geolocation and data recording and the pace of change accelerated with the development of mobile apps such as Google Maps, digital notebooks, and digital compass-clinometers. Despite these changes in map-making technologies, most students continue to learn geology in the field the old-fashioned way, by following a field trip leader as a group and trying to hear and understand lecturettes at the outcrop. In this presentation, we demonstrate the potential of a new Augment Reality (AR) mobile app called "FreshAiR" to change fundamentally the way content-knowledge and learning objectives are delivered to students in the field. FreshAiR, which was developed by co-author and ODU alumnus M.D., triggers content delivery to mobile devices based on proximity. Students holding their mobile devices to the horizon see trigger points superimposed on the field of view of the device's built-in camera. When they walk towards the trigger, information about the location pops up. This can include text, images, movies, and quiz questions (multiple choice and fill-in-the-blank). Students can use the app to reinforce the field trip leader's presentations or they can visit outcrops individuals at different times. This creates the possibility for asynchronous field class, a concept that has profound implications for distance education in the geosciences.

  14. Improving Fishing Pattern Detection from Satellite AIS Using Data Mining and Machine Learning.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erico N de Souza

    Full Text Available A key challenge in contemporary ecology and conservation is the accurate tracking of the spatial distribution of various human impacts, such as fishing. While coastal fisheries in national waters are closely monitored in some countries, existing maps of fishing effort elsewhere are fraught with uncertainty, especially in remote areas and the High Seas. Better understanding of the behavior of the global fishing fleets is required in order to prioritize and enforce fisheries management and conservation measures worldwide. Satellite-based Automatic Information Systems (S-AIS are now commonly installed on most ocean-going vessels and have been proposed as a novel tool to explore the movements of fishing fleets in near real time. Here we present approaches to identify fishing activity from S-AIS data for three dominant fishing gear types: trawl, longline and purse seine. Using a large dataset containing worldwide fishing vessel tracks from 2011-2015, we developed three methods to detect and map fishing activities: for trawlers we produced a Hidden Markov Model (HMM using vessel speed as observation variable. For longliners we have designed a Data Mining (DM approach using an algorithm inspired from studies on animal movement. For purse seiners a multi-layered filtering strategy based on vessel speed and operation time was implemented. Validation against expert-labeled datasets showed average detection accuracies of 83% for trawler and longliner, and 97% for purse seiner. Our study represents the first comprehensive approach to detect and identify potential fishing behavior for three major gear types operating on a global scale. We hope that this work will enable new efforts to assess the spatial and temporal distribution of global fishing effort and make global fisheries activities transparent to ocean scientists, managers and the public.

  15. Use of AI technician scores for body condition, uterine tone and uterine discharge in a model with disease and milk production parameters to predict pregnancy risk at first AI in holstein dairy cows

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Loeffler, S.H.; Vries, de M.J.; Schukken, Y.H.; Zeeuw, de A.C.; Dijkhuizen, A.A.; Graaf, de F.M.; Brand, A.

    1999-01-01

    Technicians recorded body condition score (BCS) and several parameters related to estrus and/or metritis for 1694 first insemination cows on 23 farms. Additional variables for modeling the adjusted odds ratios (OR) for pregnancy were data on disease prior to or within 21 days of AI and test day milk

  16. J. TUN ORL - N°17 DÉCEMBRE 2006

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Lésions tympaniques. Perforation n = 85. Tympan complet n = 10 ttt Médical n = 73. Tuteur n = 12. Audition normale n= 5. Surdité de perception n=3. Surdité. Mixte: 2 cas. Surveillance. Corticoïdes vasodilatateur. Exploration de caisse. Perforation sequellaire n = 10(12%). Fermeture spontanée n = 75(88%). Tympanoplastie.

  17. Tun Dr. Mahathir’s Leadership Communication: The Confucian Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheah Joyce Lynn-Sze

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Previous studies have provided valuable insights into the impact of culture on the concept of leadership communication. However, only a few studies that focused on exploring and understanding the values of Confucianism and its impact on the Chinese culture, especially in Malaysia. Thus, this study is among the first study to examine the leadership communication from the perspective of Confucianism towards the leadership of Dr. Mahathir from the perspective of the Chinese community in Malaysia. This study aims to assess the role of Confucian values in Dr. Mahathir’s leadership communication. This study interviewed 15 Chinese leaders. The findings reveal that three main Confucian values are relevant to Dr. Mahathir’s leadership communication. The Confucian values are Zhi (wisdom, Xin (trust and Xiao (filial piety. This study provides a new perspective on leadership communication from the context of cultural diversity in Malaysia which emphasizes on Confucian values.

  18. Tun Dr. Mahathir’s Leadership Communication: The Confucian Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Cheah Joyce Lynn-Sze; Yusof Norhafezah; Ahmad Mohd Khairie

    2017-01-01

    Previous studies have provided valuable insights into the impact of culture on the concept of leadership communication. However, only a few studies that focused on exploring and understanding the values of Confucianism and its impact on the Chinese culture, especially in Malaysia. Thus, this study is among the first study to examine the leadership communication from the perspective of Confucianism towards the leadership of Dr. Mahathir from the perspective of the Chinese community in Malaysia...

  19. Database cracking: towards auto-tunning database kernels

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ydraios, E.

    2010-01-01

    Indices are heavily used in database systems in order to achieve the ultimate query processing performance. It takes a lot of time to create an index and the system needs to reserve extra storage space to store the auxiliary data structure. When updates arrive, there is also the overhead of

  20. Lennart Meri lennujaamas tunned end koduselt / Tanel Veenre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veenre, Tanel, 1977-

    2009-01-01

    Tallinna lennujaama reisiterminali laiendusest. Eskiislahendused on loonud Jean-Marie Bonnard Prantsuse firmast Sofreavia SA. Põhiosa arhitektuursest lahendusest koostas Inge Põder arhitektuuri- ja projekteerimisbüroost EA Reng AS

  1. 77 FR 31643 - AI-Shreveport, LLC A Subsidiary of Android Industries Including On-Site Leased Workers From...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-29

    ... Subsidiary of Android Industries Including On-Site Leased Workers From Career Adventures, Inc. Shreveport..., 2011, applicable to workers of AI-Shreveport, LLC, a subsidiary of Android Industries, Shreveport...- Shreveport, LLC, a subsidiary of Android Industries. The amended notice applicable to TA-W-80,515 is hereby...

  2. Different cis-acting DNA elements control expression of the human apolipoprotein AI gene in different cell types

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sastry, K.; Seedorf, U.; Karathanasis, S.K.

    1988-02-01

    In mammals, the gene coding for apolipoprotein AI (apoAI), a protein of the plasma lipid transport system, is expressed only in the liver and the intestine. A series of plasmids containing various lengths of sequences flanking the 5' end of the human apoAI gene were constructed and assayed for transient expression after introduction into cultured human hepatoma 9HepG2), colon carcinoma (Caco-2), and epithelial (HeLa) cells. The results showed that while most of these constructs are expressed in HepG2 and Caco-2 cells, none of them is expressed in HeLa cells. In addition, the results indicated that a DNA segment located between nucleotides -256 and -41 upstream from the transcription start site of this gene is necessary and sufficient for maximal levels of expression in HepG2 but not in Caco-2 cells, while a DNA segment located between nucleotides -2052 and -192 is required for maximal levels of expression in Caco-2 cells. Moreover, it was shown that the -256 to -41 DNA segment functions as a hepatoma cell-specific transcriptional enhancer with both homologous and heterologous promoters. These results indicate that different cis- and possibly trans-acting factors are involved in the establishment and subsequent regulation of expression of the apoAI gene in the mammalian liver and intestine.

  3. Effect of an isoenergetic traditional Mediterranean diet on apolipoprotein A-I kinetic in men with metabolic syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    The impact of the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) on high-density lipoprotein (HDL) kinetics has not been studied to date. The objective of this study was therefore to investigate the effect of the MedDiet in the absence of changes in body weight on apolipoprotein (apo) A-I kinetic in men with metaboli...

  4. The concentration of apolipoprotein A-I decreases during experimentally induced acute-phase processes in pigs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carpintero, R.; Pineiro, M.; Andres, M.

    2005-01-01

    In this work, apolipoprotein A-I (ApoA-I) was purified from pig sera. The responses of this protein after sterile inflammation and in animals infected with Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae or Streptococcus suis were investigated. Decreases in the concentrations of ApoA-I, two to five times lower...

  5. Human-centered automation and AI - Ideas, insights, and issues from the Intelligent Cockpit Aids research effort

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abbott, Kathy H.; Schutte, Paul C.

    1989-01-01

    A development status evaluation is presented for the NASA-Langley Intelligent Cockpit Aids research program, which encompasses AI, human/machine interfaces, and conventional automation. Attention is being given to decision-aiding concepts for human-centered automation, with emphasis on inflight subsystem fault management, inflight mission replanning, and communications management. The cockpit envisioned is for advanced commercial transport aircraft.

  6. THE IMPROVEMENT AND APPLICATION OF EI-GUN (ELECTRICAL INSEMINATION GUN FOR ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION (AI USING GOAT FRESH SEMEN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirsa Ita Dewi

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Electrical Insemination Gun (EI-GUN was a tool for Artificial Insemination (AI using fresh semen with an electric control system. The research objective was to produced EI-GUN for AI using fresh semen on small ruminants (goat. The research was conducted from March to June 2015. The process of EI-GUN creation implemented in Design and Prototype Laboratory and Aero Modeling Research Laboratory at Engineering Faculty, University of Brawijaya (UB. Testing tools EI-GUN on goat was conducted in the Sumber Sekar Laboratory, Animal Husbandry Faculty, UB.  The methods of research were literature study, tool specification determination, designing EI-GUN, running test, semen evaluation passed EI-GUN and application on Goat. EI-GUN has seven important parts, which supports each other in this operating system. Those parts consist of stylet, servo, system controlled, insemination pump, connecting rod, battery, and holder. EI-GUN work system sucked the semen into insemination pump as much as 5 ml, and release the semen 0.25 ml appropriate standard of AI. It was applicable for 20 times AI. The results showed that the cell motility of spermatozoa ≥ 70% were still in ranging of Indonesian National Standard (SNI.   Keywords: artificial insemination, EI-GUN, fresh semen.

  7. Agricultural Innovation Systems (AIS): A Study of Stakeholders and Their Relations in System of Rice Intensification (SRI)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suchiradipta, Bhattacharjee; Raj, Saravanan

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: This paper identifies the stakeholders of System of Rice Intensification (SRI), their roles and actions and the supporting and enabling environment of innovation in the state as the elements of the Agricultural Innovation Systems (AIS) in SRI in Tripura state of India and studies the relationship matrix among the stakeholders.…

  8. Deep subcortical infarct burden in relation to apolipoprotein B/AI ratio in patients with intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, J-H; Hong, K-S; Lee, J; Kim, Y-J; Song, P

    2013-04-01

    Pre-existing brain infarct (PBI), frequently seen on magnetic resonance imaging and usually silent, is recognized as a risk factor for future stroke. Increased apolipoprotein B (apoB)/apoAI ratio is known to be a risk predictor of ischaemic stroke and is associated with intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis (ICAS). However, little is known about the association of apoB/apoAI ratio with PBI. A total of 522 statin-/fibrate-naïve Korean patients, who experienced acute ischaemic stroke, were categorized into three groups: ICAS (n=254), extracranial (n=51), and no cerebral atherosclerotic stenosis (n=217). We explored the association between apoB/apoAI ratio and PBI lesions according to atherosclerosis type (ICAS, ECAS, and NCAS), PBI location (deep subcortical [ds-PBI] versus hemispheric [h-PBI]), and symptomatic PBI (s-PBI) which was relevant to a prior clinical stroke event. Pre-existing brain infarct(+) patients showed a higher apoB/apoAI ratio than PBI(-) patients (0.81 ± 0.28 vs. 0.72 ± 0.23, Pratio quartiles had more PBIs, ds-PBIs, and s-PBIs (P=0.020, P=0.025, and P=0.001, respectively). With multivariable analyses, the highest apoB/apoAI ratio quartile was associated with PBI (OR, 2.56; 95% CI, 1.39-4.73), ds-PBI (2.48; 1.33-4.62), and advanced (≥ 3) ds-PBIs (2.68; 1.27-5.63) in ICAS group, but not with h-PBI. s-PBI had a dose-response relationship with apoB/apoAI ratio quartiles (6.18; 1.31-29.13 for the second; 5.34; 1.06-26.83 for the third; and 12.17; 2.50-59.19 for the fourth quartile), when referenced to the first quartile. ApoB/apoAI ratio is associated with asymptomatic deep subcortical ischaemic burden as well as with symptomatic lesion in patients with ICAS. © 2012 The Author(s) European Journal of Neurology © 2012 EFNS.

  9. ai (Euterpe oleracea Mart.) Upregulates Paraoxonase 1 Gene Expression and Activity with Concomitant Reduction of Hepatic Steatosis in High-Fat Diet-Fed Rats

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lage, Nara Nunes; Lopes, Juliana Márcia Macedo; de Lima, Wanderson Geraldo

    2016-01-01

    ai (Euterpe oleracea Mart.), a fruit from the Amazon region, has emerged as a promising source of polyphenols. Açai consumption has been increasing owing to ascribed health benefits and antioxidant properties; however, its effects on hepatic injury are limited. In this study, we evaluated the antioxidant effect of filtered açai pulp on the expression of paraoxonase (PON) isoforms and PON1 activity in rats with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The rats were fed a standard AIN-93M (control) diet or a high-fat (HF) diet containing 25% soy oil and 1% cholesterol with or without açai pulp (2 g/day) for 6 weeks. Our results show that açai pulp prevented low-density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidation, increased serum and hepatic PON1 activity, and upregulated the expression of PON1 and ApoA-I in the liver. In HF diet-fed rats, treatment with açai pulp attenuated liver damage, reducing fat infiltration and triglyceride (TG) content. In rats receiving açai, increased serum PON1 activity was correlated with a reduction in hepatic steatosis and hepatic injury. These findings suggest the use of açai as a potential therapy for liver injuries, supporting the idea that dietary antioxidants are a promising approach to enhance the defensive systems against oxidative stress. PMID:27642496

  10. ai (Euterpe oleracea Mart. Upregulates Paraoxonase 1 Gene Expression and Activity with Concomitant Reduction of Hepatic Steatosis in High-Fat Diet-Fed Rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Rebeca Pereira

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Açai (Euterpe oleracea Mart., a fruit from the Amazon region, has emerged as a promising source of polyphenols. Açai consumption has been increasing owing to ascribed health benefits and antioxidant properties; however, its effects on hepatic injury are limited. In this study, we evaluated the antioxidant effect of filtered açai pulp on the expression of paraoxonase (PON isoforms and PON1 activity in rats with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD. The rats were fed a standard AIN-93M (control diet or a high-fat (HF diet containing 25% soy oil and 1% cholesterol with or without açai pulp (2 g/day for 6 weeks. Our results show that açai pulp prevented low-density lipoprotein (LDL oxidation, increased serum and hepatic PON1 activity, and upregulated the expression of PON1 and ApoA-I in the liver. In HF diet-fed rats, treatment with açai pulp attenuated liver damage, reducing fat infiltration and triglyceride (TG content. In rats receiving açai, increased serum PON1 activity was correlated with a reduction in hepatic steatosis and hepatic injury. These findings suggest the use of açai as a potential therapy for liver injuries, supporting the idea that dietary antioxidants are a promising approach to enhance the defensive systems against oxidative stress.

  11. AI-2 does not function as a quorum sensing molecule in Campylobacter jejuni during exponential growth in vitro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Winzer Klaus

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Campylobacter jejuni contains a homologue of the luxS gene shown to be responsible for the production of the signalling molecule autoinducer-2 (AI-2 in Vibrio harveyi and Vibrio cholerae. The aim of this study was to determine whether AI-2 acted as a diffusible quorum sensing signal controlling C. jejuni gene expression when it is produced at high levels during mid exponential growth phase. Results AI-2 activity was produced by the parental strain NCTC 11168 when grown in rich Mueller-Hinton broth (MHB as expected, but interestingly was not present in defined Modified Eagles Medium (MEM-α. Consistent with previous studies, the luxS mutant showed comparable growth rates to the parental strain and exhibited decreased motility halos in both MEM-α and MHB. Microarray analysis of genes differentially expressed in wild type and luxS mutant strains showed that many effects on mRNA transcript abundance were dependent on the growth medium and linked to metabolic functions including methionine metabolism. Addition of exogenously produced AI-2 to the wild type and the luxS mutant, growing exponentially in either MHB or MEM-α did not induce any transcriptional changes as analysed by microarray. Conclusion Taken together these results led us to conclude that there is no evidence for the role of AI-2 in cell-to-cell communication in C. jejuni strain NCTC 11168 under the growth conditions used, and that the effects of the luxS mutation on the transcriptome are related to the consequential loss of function in the activated methyl cycle.

  12. Expression of scavenger receptor‐AI promotes alternative activation of murine macrophages to limit hepatic inflammation and fibrosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Labonte, Adam C.; Sung, Sun‐Sang J.; Jennelle, Lucas T.; Dandekar, Aditya P.

    2016-01-01

    The liver maintains an immunologically tolerant environment as a result of continuous exposure to food and bacterial constituents from the digestive tract. Hepatotropic pathogens can take advantage of this niche and establish lifelong chronic infections causing hepatic fibrosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Macrophages (Mϕ) play a critical role in regulation of immune responses to hepatic infection and regeneration of tissue. However, the factors crucial for Mϕ in limiting hepatic inflammation or resolving liver damage have not been fully understood. In this report, we demonstrate that expression of C‐type lectin receptor scavenger receptor‐AI (SR‐AI) is crucial for promoting M2‐like Mϕ activation and polarization during hepatic inflammation. Liver Mϕ uniquely up‐regulated SR‐AI during hepatotropic viral infection and displayed increased expression of alternative Mϕ activation markers, such as YM‐1, arginase‐1, and interleukin‐10 by activation of mer receptor tyrosine kinase associated with inhibition of mammalian target of rapamycin. Expression of these molecules was reduced on Mϕ obtained from livers of infected mice deficient for the gene encoding SR‐AI (msr1). Furthermore, in vitro studies using an SR‐AI‐deficient Mϕ cell line revealed impeded M2 polarization and decreased phagocytic capacity. Direct stimulation with virus was sufficient to activate M2 gene expression in the wild‐type (WT) cell line, but not in the knockdown cell line. Importantly, tissue damage and fibrosis were exacerbated in SR‐AI–/– mice following hepatic infection and adoptive transfer of WT bone‐marrow–derived Mϕ conferred protection against fibrosis in these mice. Conclusion: SR‐AI expression on liver Mϕ promotes recovery from infection‐induced tissue damage by mediating a switch to a proresolving Mϕ polarization state. (Hepatology 2017;65:32‐43). PMID:27770558

  13. Faecal glucocorticoid metabolites and body temperature in Australian merino ewes (Ovis aries during summer artificial insemination (AI program.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edward Narayan

    Full Text Available Reproductive wastage is a key issue for sheep producers, both regionally and globally. The reproductive output of farm animals can be influenced by physiological and environmental factors. Rapid and reliable quantification of physiological stress can provide a useful tool for designing and testing on-farm management interventions to improve farm animal welfare and productivity. In this study, we quantified physiological stress non-invasively using faecal glucocorticoid metabolites-FGMs analysis and body temperature measurements of 15 superovulated donor merino ewes (Ovis aries during participation in artificial insemination (AI program conducted during 2015/2016 Australian summer. We hypothesized that low percentage transferable embryos in donor merino ewes will be associated positively with higher body temperature and/or higher FGMs in these ewes. Temperature humidity index (THI was calculated and found within high thermal stress range during the two AI trials. Overall, results showed none of the factors (ewe ID, AI trial no., THI or FGMs were significant for reduced percentage transferrable embryos, except ewe body temperature was highly significant (p = 0.014. Within AI trial comparisons showed significant positive associations between higher FGMs and body temperature with reduced transferrable embryos. These results suggest that Australian merino ewes participating in summer AI trials can experience physiological stress. Prolonged activation of the stress endocrine response and high body temperature (e.g. ensued from heat stress could impact on ewe reproductive output. Therefore, future research should apply minimally invasive physiological tools to gather baseline information on physiological stress in merino sheep to enable the development of new farm-friendly methods of managing stress.

  14. Blaving comme TICE pour ameliorer la fluidite des apprenants de français

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Derly Cervantes Cerra

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available L’objectif de cette recherche a été de comparer le niveau de fluidité des étudiants de français de l’Universidad del Atlántico, avant et après avoir utilisé le réseau social Blaving. Pour mener à bien cette comparaison, nous avons fait des interviews, des enquêtes et des enregistrements en vue d’ une activité diagnostique qui consistait à répondre oralement à une question en espagnol et à une autre en français, en une minute. Dans cette activité-là, en premier lieu, on a vu reflété leur manque de fluidité et leurs erreurs de prononciation. Cependant tout de suite avec l’aide du réseau social Blaving, ils ont considérablement amélioré dans ces aspects linguistiques. Autrement dit, les résultats obtenus ont été l’augmentation du nombre de syllabes prononcées en français pendant une minute et l’amélioration de leur prononciation. ResumenEl objetivo de la presente investigación consistió en comparar el nivel de fluidez de los estudiantes de francés de la Universidad del Atlántico, antes y después de utilizar la red social Blaving. Para llevar a cabo esta comparación, realizamos entrevistas, encuestas y grabaciones enfocadas hacia una actividad diagnóstica que consistía en responder oralmente una pregunta en español y otra en francés durante un minuto. En dicha actividad, se reflejó, en primera instancia, su falta de fluidez y sus errores de pronunciación. Pero, luego, con el apoyo de la red social Blaving, los estudiantes mejoraron sustancialmente en estos aspectos lingüísticos. En otras palabras, los resultados obtenidos fueron dos: el aumento del número de sílabas pronunciadas en francés durante un minuto y el mejoramiento de su pronunciación. AbstractThe purpose of this research study was to compare the level of fluency and pronunciation among students of French at the Universidad del Atlántico before and after the use of the social network Blaving. In order to

  15. Ruolo dell’accesso ai Servizi Sanitari nelle disuguaglianze sociali nello stato di salute

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Versino

    2003-05-01

    Full Text Available

    Obiettivo: misurare la quota di differenza sociale nella salute generata dall’accesso al sistema di cure, attraverso un follow-up dei pazienti ricoverati presso il principale ospedale di Torino.

    Metodi: tutti i primi ricoveri per infarto del miocardio (patologia acuta - AD e per tumori del coloretto (patologia cronica - CD dal 2000 al 2001 erano arruolabili. A questi è stato proposto un questionario sulle modalità di accesso ai servizi sanitari. È stata inoltre analizzata la cartella clinica per la valutazione degli interventi intra-ospedalieri. Indicatore di categoria sociale: titolo di studio.

    Risultati: analizzati 268 pazienti. Il 99% con AD ed il 97.5% di quelli con CD hanno aderito. Arruolati maggiormente uomini pensionati (circa 67%, condizione dovuta al tipo di patologia in studio. Sintomatologia di esordio: tipica della patologia infartuale e del colon-retto. Per questa ultima la lievità, quando unico sintomo, risulta elemento fuorviante. I pazienti con AD si sono rivolti direttamente all’ospedale (87.4%; i pazienti con CD hanno scelto il medico di famiglia (MMG per l’iter diagnostico, una piccola percentuale lo specialista privato (8.6%.

    Il numero di medici consultati in caso di CD è mediamente
    due (prevalentemente soggetti a bassa scolarità.
    Il ritardo diagnostico risulta per la CD nettamente
    più elevato nelle prime tappe della storia dell’accesso
    per le categorie sociali più svantaggiate, con brevissimo
    tempo fra la diagnosi e il ricovero.

    Conclusioni: per le categorie sociali più basse in caso di CD, il tempo fra primo sintomo e contatto con il medico è più lungo (minore sensibilità ai primi segni e sintomi di malattia rispetto agli strati sociali più alti; cosicché il paziente giunge al ricovero con prognosi peggiore; tuttavia, a questo ritardo si contrappone una

  16. Performance testing of real-time AI systems using the activation framework

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Becker, L.; Duckworth, J.; Laznovsky, A.; Green, P.

    1992-01-01

    This paper describes methods for automated performance testing of real-time artificial intelligence systems using the Activation Framework software development tool. The Activation Framework is suitable for applications such as the diagnosis of power system failures, which require the interpretation of large volumes of data in real-time. The Activation Framework consists of tools for compiling groups of Expert Systems rules into executable code modules, for automatically generating code modules from high level system configuration descriptions, and for automatically generating command files for program compilation and linking. It includes an operating system environment which provides the code which is common from one real-time AI applications to the next. It also includes mechanisms, described here, for automatic performance testing. The principal emphasis of this paper is on a rule based language which is used to capture performance specifications. This specification is compiled into code modules which are used to automatically test the system. This testing can validate that the system meets performance requirements during development and after maintenance. A large number of tests can be randomly generated and executed and the correctness of the outputs automatically validated. The paper also describes graph directed testing methods to minimize the number of test runs required

  17. Rm 1, 16. 17 come tesi principale della Lettera ai Romani

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanisław Witkowski

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Rm 1, 16-17 è la tesi principale della lettera ai Romani fino a 11, 36. Essa sottolinea in modo più ricco, in tutto il Nuovo Testamento, la dimensione teologica del vangelo. Paolo non si vergogna della Buona Notizia; anzi se ne vanta. Laddove il vangelo viene proclamato, agisce l’efficace e trasformante potenza di Dio perché il vangelo non si limita a trasmettere la notizia riguardante la salvezza ma anche la realizza. Nel vangelo si manifesta la giustizia di Dio che non si basa sull’aspetto retributivo o distributivo ma si avvicina, col suo contenuto, alla misericordia. Il vangelo richiede la fede, quella fede che spinge l’uomo ad affidarsi alla giustizia di Dio. Per Paolo, chi crede diventa il giusto, gioisce già della salvezza, prova liberazione dalle oppressioni ed infine sarà partecipe della vita eterna. La tesi non fa nessun accenno cristologico poiché è generica, ma poi, con lo sviluppo della Lettera sottolineerà il  ruolo predominante di Cristo nella giustificazione degli uomini, insieme con Dio (cf. Rm 3, 21-26.

  18. Dispositif hybride pour un cours de grammaire en français langue seconde

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabelle Lecoin

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Cet article décrit un projet-pilote pour la conception et la prestation d’un cours hybride de grammaire en français langue seconde (FLS. La recherche- action menée sur deux années consécutives en milieu universitaire canadien visait à faciliter l’intégration des technologies dans les cours de langue. Nous rendons compte de cette initiative, d’une part, en décrivant les composantes de notre design pédagogique et, d’autre part, en faisant une analyse des tendances émergeant de questionnaires administrés aux deux cohortes d’apprenants concernant cette première expérience de cours hybride dans notre faculté. Nous discutons de la valeur ajoutée, mais tout autant des enjeux d’un tel dispositif pour l’enseignement et l’apprentissage de la grammaire. Nous terminons avec des recommandations pour améliorer son design et sa gestion.

  19. AIonAI: a humanitarian law of artificial intelligence and robotics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ashrafian, Hutan

    2015-02-01

    The enduring progression of artificial intelligence and cybernetics offers an ever-closer possibility of rational and sentient robots. The ethics and morals deriving from this technological prospect have been considered in the philosophy of artificial intelligence, the design of automatons with roboethics and the contemplation of machine ethics through the concept of artificial moral agents. Across these categories, the robotics laws first proposed by Isaac Asimov in the twentieth century remain well-recognised and esteemed due to their specification of preventing human harm, stipulating obedience to humans and incorporating robotic self-protection. However the overwhelming predominance in the study of this field has focussed on human-robot interactions without fully considering the ethical inevitability of future artificial intelligences communicating together and has not addressed the moral nature of robot-robot interactions. A new robotic law is proposed and termed AIonAI or artificial intelligence-on-artificial intelligence. This law tackles the overlooked area where future artificial intelligences will likely interact amongst themselves, potentially leading to exploitation. As such, they would benefit from adopting a universal law of rights to recognise inherent dignity and the inalienable rights of artificial intelligences. Such a consideration can help prevent exploitation and abuse of rational and sentient beings, but would also importantly reflect on our moral code of ethics and the humanity of our civilisation.

  20. SOWS FERTILITY AFTER INTRACERVICAL OR POSTCERVICAL ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION (AI IN WORM AND COLD SEASON

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan Stančić

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Reduced fertility of boars and sows during the warmer period of the year significantly reduces the reproductive efficiency of pigs in intensive production. The aim of this study was to determine whether the application of intrauterine (postcervical artificial insemination (AI, with twice reduced dose volume (50 mL and the number of spermatozoa per dose (2x109, compared to the classical intracervical insemination (dose volume 50 mL with 4x109 spermatozoa, can increase the fertility of sows inseminated in the warm season of the year. After classical intracervical insemination, farrowing rate was significantly (P0.05, neither depending on the season, or depending on the number of spermatozoa per dose (78% and 75% in warm, or 86% and 83% in cold season of the year. The results show that the use of intrauterine insemination, with doses twice reduced in volume and sperm number, can significantly reduce the negative impact of the warm season on sows fertility.

  1. NIR Rapid Assessments of Blumea balsamifera (Ai-na-xiang) in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Fu-Lai; Zhao, Na; Wu, Zhi-Sheng; Huang, Mei; Wang, Dan; Zhang, Ying-Bo; Hu, Xuan; Chen, Xiao-Lu; Huang, Lu-Qi; Pang, Yu-Xin

    2017-10-16

    Blumea balsamifera ( Ai-na-xiang ) is used as an important plant source of natural borneol, which is widely used in the pharmaceutical industry. The aim of this study was to establish the methods based on near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy for determining the geographical origin of B. balsamifera , as well as developing a method for the quantitative rapid analysis of the active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs). A total of 109 samples were collected from China in 2013 and arbitrarily divided into calibration and prediction sets using the Kennard-Stone algorithm. The l -borneol and total flavone contents of the samples were measured by gas chromatography and ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, respectively. The NIR spectra were acquired using an integrating sphere and a partial least squares (PLS) model was built using the optimum wavelength regions, which were selected using a synergy interval partial least-squares (SiPLS) algorithm. The root mean square errors of prediction of the l -borneol and total flavone models were 0.0779 and 2.2694 mg/g, with R² of 0.9069 and 0.8013, respectively. A discriminant model to determine the geographical origin of B. balsamifera (Guizhou and Hainan) was also established using a partial least squares discriminant analysis method with an optimum pretreatment method. The prediction accuracy rate of the model was 100%. NIR spectroscopy can be used as a reliable and environmentally friendly method to determine the API and the origin of different B. balsamifera samples.

  2. The application of AI-based refueling control system to the Fugen NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Maeda, Koichi; Nakamura, Shinji; Kawasaki, Noboru; Nanko, Takashi; Nishimura, Hiroshi; Tanaka, Koichi

    1996-01-01

    In a refueling operation of the Advanced Thermal Reactor Fugen, it is essential to precisely handle fuel assemblies to guarantee quality and from the standpoint of safety guard. In order to plan and execute efficient operations, knowledge of experienced operators based on experiences is required. Therefore, an automatic control system based on the Artificial Intelligence (AI) technology has been developed, and has been put into operation in actual refueling operations. This system prepares an optimum refueling plan, controls the fuel handling facilities by that plan, displays and prints out the history of transfer and storage of items by automatically sampled data on a work station, a network to express fuel handling facilities and operational rules acquired through operating experiences. The development of this system has made it possible to optimize refueling schedule, save control labor of items and improve reliability of refueling. Firstly the development started the off-line system that prepares optimum refueling plan and gives to the operator step by step instructions for operation, secondly developed the on-line system that automatically controls facilities by that plan. The development of this system started in 1989, the off-line system has been put into practical operation in the 17th refueling in 1991, the 22nd (12th annual inspection) refueling in 1995 has been done by using the on-line system automatically

  3. Cyberwar XXI: quantifying the unquantifiable: adaptive AI for next-generation conflict simulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miranda, Joseph; von Kleinsmid, Peter; Zalewski, Tony

    2004-08-01

    The era of the "Revolution in Military Affairs," "4th Generation Warfare" and "Asymmetric War" requires novel approaches to modeling warfare at the operational and strategic level of modern conflict. For example, "What if, in response to our planned actions, the adversary reacts in such-and-such a manner? What will our response be? What are the possible unintended consequences?" Next generation conflict simulation tools are required to help create and test novel courses of action (COA's) in support of real-world operations. Conflict simulations allow non-lethal and cost-effective exploration of the "what-if" of COA development. The challenge has been to develop an automated decision-support software tool which allows competing COA"s to be compared in simulated dynamic environments. Principal Investigator Joseph Miranda's research is based on modeling an integrated military, economic, social, infrastructure and information (PMESII) environment. The main effort was to develop an adaptive AI engine which models agents operating within an operational-strategic conflict environment. This was implemented in Cyberwar XXI - a simulation which models COA selection in a PMESII environment. Within this framework, agents simulate decision-making processes and provide predictive capability of the potential behavior of Command Entities. The 2003 Iraq is the first scenario ready for V&V testing.

  4. Assessment of semen quality in Swamp Buffalo AI Bulls in Thailand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Koonjaenak

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Characteristic of Thai swamp buffalo bulls semen used for artificial insemination (AI in Thailand, aspects relevance in freezing and thawing of semen are review. Semen and sperm characteristics were evaluated included sperm count, motility (assessed subjectively and by CASA, morphology (using phase-contrast light microscopy and SEM, plasma membrane integrity (PMI (using a hypo-osmotic swelling test [HOST] and SYBR- 14/propidium iodide [PI], plasma membrane stability (PMS (using Annexin-V/PI and deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA integrity (using SCSA and flow cytometry [FCM]. The average ejaculate volume was about 3.0–4.0 mL, with good viability (PMI measured by the HOST and motility (>65% and >70%, respectively. Sperm concentration ranged from 1.1 to 1.2 billion/mL, being also affected by bull age. Whereas semen quality (including sperm output, pH and initial sperm motility did not differ between the seasons. Few spermatozoa (<15%/ ejaculate had abnormal morphology with abnormalities resembling those in other bovidae. In FT semen, PMI (using SYBR-14/PI and PMS were highest in winter. Across seasons, ~50% of post-thaw spermatozoa depicted linear motility, a proportion that decreased to ~35% during incubation (38oC for 60 minutes, without marking any seasonal difference. The sperm DNA was hardly damaged (with <3% fragmentation, expressed as DNA fragmentation index [DFI], among seasons.

  5. Communication progressive du français avec 320 exercices : niveau débutant

    CERN Document Server

    Miquel, Claire

    2013-01-01

    Ce qui fait le succès de cete ouvrage de communication: Une organisation claire: la leçon sur la page de gauche; les exercices et les activités communicatives sur la page de droite 40 fiches présentant les points généralement abordés au niveau A1 du Cadre européen commun de référence pour les langues Un apprentissage progressif: il suit la progression naturelle des méthodes de français Un usage souple: pour la classe ou en auto-apprentissage Une préparation adaptée aux certifications: un entrainement efficace pour mieux réussir aux examens A découvrir dans cette deuxième édition revue et augmentée: Un CD audio avec 69 documents sonores Un test d'évaluation avec ses corrigés Des illustrations pédagogiques acutelles et colorées 50 nouveaux exercices. Un livret de corrigés est proposé à part (ISBN 978-209-038133-7).

  6. OpinAIS: An Artificial Immune System-based Framework for Opinion Mining

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Baldominos Gómez

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes the design of an evolutionary algorithm for building classifiers specifically aimed towards performing classification and sentiment analysis over texts. Moreover, it has properties taken from Artificial Immune Systems, as it tries to resemble biological systems since they are able to discriminate harmful from innocuous bodies (in this case, the analogy could be established with negative and positive texts respectively. A framework, namely OpinAIS, is developed around the evolutionary algorithm, which makes it possible to distribute it as an open-source tool, which enables the scientific community both to extend it and improve it. The framework is evaluated with two different public datasets, the first involving voting records for the US Congress and the second consisting in a Twitter corpus with tweets about different technology brands, which can be polarized either towards positive or negative feelings; comparing the results with alternative machine learning techniques and concluding with encouraging results. Additionally, as the framework is publicly available for download, researchers can replicate the experiments from this paper or propose new ones.

  7. ai berry extract attenuates glycerol-induced acute renal failure in rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Unis, Amina

    2015-03-01

    Acute renal failure (ARF) is one of the most common problems encountered in hospitalized critically ill patients. In recent years great effort has been focused on the introduction of herbal medicine as a novel therapeutic agent for prevention of ARF. Hence, the current study was designed to investigate the effect of Açai berry extract (ABE) on glycerol-induced ARF in rats. Results of the present study showed that rat groups that received oral ABE in a dose of 100 and 200 mg/kg/day for 7 days before or 7 days after induction of ARF by a single intramuscular glycerol injection reported a significant improvement in kidney functions tests [decrease in serum urea, serum creatinine, and blood urea nitrogen (BUN)] when compared to the ARF model groups. Moreover, there was significant amelioration in renal oxidative stress markers [renal catalase (CAT), renal reduced glutathione (GSH)] and renal histopathological changes in the ABE-treated groups when compared to ARF model groups. The most significant improvement was reported in the groups where ABE was administered in a dose 200 mg/kg/day. These results indicate that ABE has a potential role in ameliorating renal damage involved in ARF.

  8. Des problèmes dans la traduction des proverbes français en roumain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirela IVAN

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Dans le domaine de la Parémiologie contrastive, un des principaux obstacles à surmonter est d’obtenir une équivalence parémiologique en vue d’analyser les parémies dans différentes langues de travail, dans notre cas le français et le roumain. Nous cherchons à proposer une simple mise en rapport entre des parémies françaises et leurs équivalents en roumain, en essayant de limiter le champ exploré tout en centrant notre attention sur quelques uns des plus problématiques du point de vue traductologique, à savoir les proverbes et les phrases proverbiales. La recherche des équivalences parémiologiques a mis en évidence un certain nombre d’aspects et de problèmes : la sélection des proverbes de la langue de départ, leur typologie, leur compréhension et leur expression dans la langue d’arrivée.

  9. AI techniques for optimizing multi-objective reservoir operation upon human and riverine ecosystem demands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsai, Wen-Ping; Chang, Fi-John; Chang, Li-Chiu; Herricks, Edwin E.

    2015-11-01

    Flow regime is the key driver of the riverine ecology. This study proposes a novel hybrid methodology based on artificial intelligence (AI) techniques for quantifying riverine ecosystems requirements and delivering suitable flow regimes that sustain river and floodplain ecology through optimizing reservoir operation. This approach addresses issues to better fit riverine ecosystem requirements with existing human demands. We first explored and characterized the relationship between flow regimes and fish communities through a hybrid artificial neural network (ANN). Then the non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm II (NSGA-II) was established for river flow management over the Shihmen Reservoir in northern Taiwan. The ecosystem requirement took the form of maximizing fish diversity, which could be estimated by the hybrid ANN. The human requirement was to provide a higher satisfaction degree of water supply. The results demonstrated that the proposed methodology could offer a number of diversified alternative strategies for reservoir operation and improve reservoir operational strategies producing downstream flows that could meet both human and ecosystem needs. Applications that make this methodology attractive to water resources managers benefit from the wide spread of Pareto-front (optimal) solutions allowing decision makers to easily determine the best compromise through the trade-off between reservoir operational strategies for human and ecosystem needs.

  10. Apolipoproteins A-I, B, and C-III and Obesity in Young Adult Cherokee

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenyu Wang

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Since young adult Cherokee are at increased risk for both diabetes and cardiovascular disease, we assessed association of apolipoproteins (A-I, B, and C-III in non-HDL and HDL with obesity and related risk factors. Obese participants (BMI ≥ 30 aged 20–40 years (n=476 were studied. Metabolically healthy obese (MHO individuals were defined as not having any of four components of the ATP-III metabolic syndrome after exclusion of waist circumference, and obese participants not being MHO were defined as metabolically abnormal obese (MAO. Associations were evaluated by correlation and regression modeling. Obesity measures, blood pressure, insulin resistance, lipids, and apolipoproteins were significantly different between groups except for total cholesterol, LDL-C, and HDL-apoC-III. Apolipoproteins were not correlated with obesity measures with the exception of apoA-I with waist and the waist : height ratio. In a logistic regression model apoA-I and the apoB : apoA-I ratio were significantly selected for identifying those being MHO, and the result (C-statistic = 0.902 indicated that apoA-I and the apoB : apoA-I ratio can be used to identify a subgroup of obese individuals with a significantly less atherogenic lipid and apolipoprotein profile, particularly in obese Cherokee men in whom MHO is more likely.

  11. Ice and AIS: ship speed data and sea ice forecasts in the Baltic Sea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    U. Löptien

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The Baltic Sea is a seasonally ice-covered marginal sea located in a densely populated area in northern Europe. Severe sea ice conditions have the potential to hinder the intense ship traffic considerably. Thus, sea ice fore- and nowcasts are regularly provided by the national weather services. Typically, the forecast comprises several ice properties that are distributed as prognostic variables, but their actual usefulness is difficult to measure, and the ship captains must determine their relative importance and relevance for optimal ship speed and safety ad hoc. The present study provides a more objective approach by comparing the ship speeds, obtained by the automatic identification system (AIS, with the respective forecasted ice conditions. We find that, despite an unavoidable random component, this information is useful to constrain and rate fore- and nowcasts. More precisely, 62–67% of ship speed variations can be explained by the forecasted ice properties when fitting a mixed-effect model. This statistical fit is based on a test region in the Bothnian Sea during the severe winter 2011 and employs 15 to 25 min averages of ship speed.

  12. Flood AI: An Intelligent Systems for Discovery and Communication of Disaster Knowledge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demir, I.; Sermet, M. Y.

    2017-12-01

    Communities are not immune from extreme events or natural disasters that can lead to large-scale consequences for the nation and public. Improving resilience to better prepare, plan, recover, and adapt to disasters is critical to reduce the impacts of extreme events. The National Research Council (NRC) report discusses the topic of how to increase resilience to extreme events through a vision of resilient nation in the year 2030. The report highlights the importance of data, information, gaps and knowledge challenges that needs to be addressed, and suggests every individual to access the risk and vulnerability information to make their communities more resilient. This project presents an intelligent system, Flood AI, for flooding to improve societal preparedness by providing a knowledge engine using voice recognition, artificial intelligence, and natural language processing based on a generalized ontology for disasters with a primary focus on flooding. The knowledge engine utilizes the flood ontology and concepts to connect user input to relevant knowledge discovery channels on flooding by developing a data acquisition and processing framework utilizing environmental observations, forecast models, and knowledge bases. Communication channels of the framework includes web-based systems, agent-based chat bots, smartphone applications, automated web workflows, and smart home devices, opening the knowledge discovery for flooding to many unique use cases.

  13. Cartographic Concept of Atlas Information System "ÖROK Atlas Online" - AIS Austria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirjanka Lechthaler

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available The conception and realization of the Atlas Information System “ÖROK Atlas Online” – AIS Austria, with the point on cartographic concept is presented in the following article. It is a spatial information system that is different from pure GIS because of its strong cartographic character. The online system is not a collection of GIS based tools, but a system that subdivides all functionalities into a cartographically conceptional and structured order. It must correspond with the characteristics of a cartographical, rule-based and personalized information system. The prototype should allow the cartographical visualization of different geometry and statistical data from the elementary geo-data pool in form of thematic maps, graphics, statistics and texts, as well as queries of the database.The primary challenge and aim of the cartographic concept is the development of map graphic or rather of the cartographic design, which has to match the output media. Further, analysis, exploration and monitoring of these data sets via map-based graphical user interface for different user groups shall be possible. The restrictive-flexible user guidance in this interactive system takes responsibility of what is not in cartographic or semantical sense accessible or useful. Only in this case an atlas information system can support meaningful cartographic communication.

  14. La messagerie pratique de la communication commerciale en français

    CERN Document Server

    Descotes-Genon, Christiane; Szilagyi, Elisabeth

    1990-01-01

    Ce manuel s'adresse à : - des étudiants qui se destinent à des carrières commerciales ou au secrétariat, - des professionnels désirant " rafraîchir " leurs connaissances en français commercial. Il peut être utilisé dès le niveau intermédiaire. Les objectifs Son objectif est de permettre à un public non francophone d'apprendre à : - rédiger des lettres commerciales, - utiliser les nouveaux outils de la télématique (minitel, télex, téléfax...), - communiquer efficacement par téléphone. Le contenu Cet ouvrage est constitué : - de lettres commerciales authentiques à analyser, - d'exercices progressifs visant à l'acquisition du savoir-écrire commercial : les normes, le vocabulaire, les paragraphes standards, - de simulations et de jeux de rôles à partir de situations enregistrées pour donner les moyens de communiquer par le téléphone, le minitel, le télex et le télécopieur, - d'informations pratiques sur la réalité technique de ces nouveaux outils, - de répertoires alphabétiqu...

  15. Grammaire progressive du français niveau intermédiaire : avec 680 exercices

    CERN Document Server

    Grégoire, Maïa

    2013-01-01

    Une organisation claire : la leçon de grammaire sur la page de gauche ; les exercices d'entraînement sur la page de droite ; 52 chapitres présentant les points généralement abordés aux niveaux A2 et B1 du Cadre européen commun de référence pour les langues ; Un apprentissage progressif : il suit la progression naturelle des méthodes de français ; Un usage souple : pour la classe ou en auto-apprentissage ; Une préparation adaptée aux certifications : un entraînement efficace pour mieux réussir aux examens ; Une large place faite à l'évaluation : de nombreux exercices de révision et des bilans réguliers. À découvrir dans cette troisième édition tout en couleurs : Un CD audio avec 14 documents sonores ; 80 nouveaux exercices et activités communicatives ; Des chapitres révisés et des exercices plus variés ; Un test d'évaluation avec ses corrigés ; Et... un livre web, 100% en ligne, inclus. Cet ouvrage contient un code d'activation donnant gratuitement accès sur http://livre-web.com...

  16. La motivation des expressions idiomatiques de la mort en français, espagnol et anglais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel Negro Alousque

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false ES X-NONE X-NONE Les expressions idiomatiques, marquées par le figement et l’idiomaticité, ont fait l’objet de nombreuses recherches dans les dernières années (González Rey, 2002; Palma, 2007; García-Page, 2008. Le présent article porte sur la motivation des expressions idiomatiques de la mort dans une perspective cognitive (Lakoff et Johnson, 1980; Lakoff, 2006 et comparative. Nous analysons les deux types de motivation (iconique et culturelle qui fournissent une base à ces expressions en français, espagnol et anglais. La motivation iconique repose sur un mécanisme cognitif (métaphore, métonymie ou image mentale, alors que la motivation culturelle se fonde sur un élément appartenant au domaine de la religion, la mythologie, l’histoire ou la littérature. Ces locutions reflètent une vision de la mort en tant qu’évènement, ‘mourir’, ou en tant qu’état, ‘être mort’. Leur sens figuré semble s’enraciner dans notre expérience physique et/ou culturelle, ce qui pourrait expliquer pourquoi on retrouve des expressions identiques dans les trois langues étudiées

  17. Experimental and AI-based numerical modeling of contaminant transport in porous media

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nourani, Vahid; Mousavi, Shahram; Sadikoglu, Fahreddin; Singh, Vijay P.

    2017-10-01

    This study developed a new hybrid artificial intelligence (AI)-meshless approach for modeling contaminant transport in porous media. The key innovation of the proposed approach is that both black box and physically-based models are combined for modeling contaminant transport. The effectiveness of the approach was evaluated using experimental and real world data. Artificial neural network (ANN) and adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) were calibrated to predict temporal contaminant concentrations (CCs), and the effect of noisy and de-noised data on the model performance was evaluated. Then, considering the predicted CCs at test points (TPs, in experimental study) and piezometers (in Myandoab plain) as interior conditions, the multiquadric radial basis function (MQ-RBF), as a meshless approach which solves partial differential equation (PDE) of contaminant transport in porous media, was employed to estimate the CC values at any point within the study area where there was no TP or piezometer. Optimal values of the dispersion coefficient in the advection-dispersion PDE and shape coefficient of MQ-RBF were determined using the imperialist competitive algorithm. In temporal contaminant transport modeling, de-noised data enhanced the performance of ANN and ANFIS methods in terms of the determination coefficient, up to 6 and 5%, respectively, in the experimental study and up to 39 and 18%, respectively, in the field study. Results showed that the efficiency of ANFIS-meshless model was more than ANN-meshless model up to 2 and 13% in the experimental and field studies, respectively.

  18. Le français parlé radiophonique : Contact de langues et alternance codique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sadi Nabil

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Les émissions radiophoniques interactives qui traitent du monde au sens général sont considérées comme le miroir de la société et celui de son public. Les discours radiophoniques observés en Algérie nous montrent un usage spécifique du français dans une situation d’interaction et de contact de langues. Cette spécificité ressort sous différents aspects et se présente comme un vaste répertoire en matière de pratiques langagières, à savoir l’alternance codique, l’emprunt, etc. Dans ce travail, nous nous proposons de contribuer à l’étude des facteurs linguistiques et extralinguistiques qui régissent cette alternance codique, à travers trois émissions radiophoniques caractérisées par leur diversité de thèmes, de situations d’interaction et de type d’intervenants.

  19. Research of quasi-solid fracture behavior of casting AI-4.5Cu alloys

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shengquan DONG

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available The influencing mechanisms of elements Ti and Ce and their interactions on fracture behaviors of casting alloys AI-4.5Cu-0.6Mn were studied by observing tensile fracture behavior in quasi-solid zone under SEM and EDX instruments.The results indicate that the resistance stress against hot cracking can be improved obviously by addition of Ti, because of its grain refining function. It is also found that, when Ce is added into the alloys, besides its effect in refining crystalline, the mechanical behavior of lower melting point eutectic phase in quasi-solid zone can be improved efficiently by some compounds with Ce formed and deposited between dendrites. Therefore, a colligating effect of Ti and Ce on improving resistance stress against hot cracking is more efficient than that only single alloy element is applied. When hot cracking occurs, grains yield at first, and then crack spreads. Both inter-grain and trans-grain fractures are observed, but the major fracture manner is brittleness.

  20. Does functional motor incomplete (AIS D) spinal cord injury confer unanticipated challenges?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ames, Herb; Wilson, Catherine; Barnett, Scott D; Njoh, Eni; Ottomanelli, Lisa

    2017-08-01

    Examine psychological challenges associated with Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) among a cohort of Veterans. Research Method/Design: Cross-sectional descriptive study. SCI Centers participating in a multisite evaluation of longitudinal employment, quality of life, and economic outcomes among a large cohort of veterans with SCI, the Predictive Outcome Model Over Time for Employment (PrOMOTE) project. A total of 1,047 patients from participating SCI Centers provided baseline interviews. Main outcome measures included the Veterans RAND 36-Item Health Survey (VR-36) Mental Component Score (MCS); VR-36 Mental Health Scale; VR-36 Vitality Scale; VR-36 Bodily Pain Scale; Quick Inventory for Depressive Symptomatology, Self-Report (QIDS-SR); Patient Health Questionnaire-Depression Scale (PHQ-9); and Diener Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS). ANOVA analysis showed that persons with AIS D SCI evidenced higher self-reported depressive symptoms, higher pain, and a lower subjective quality of life. Individuals with functional motor incomplete spinal cord injury are more vulnerable to psychological distress and a low subjective quality of life than might be expected based on functional outcomes. Further study appears warranted to ascertain potential explanations for these findings. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved).