WorldWideScience

Sample records for tulkojusi guna asare

  1. ARSITEKTUR "GUNA DAN CITRA" SANG ROMO MANGUN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    IN MEMORIAM : YUSUF BILYARTA MANGUNWIJAYA

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Yusuf Bilyarta Mangunwijaya is not only recognized as a pastor but also as a cultural observer, writer and architect. The architectural works he produced even touch the marginal people. The work does not only result in the physical building but also the total work of human development, "use" and "image". World Architecture never escapes from Vitruvius trilogy saying : Firmitas, Utilitas and Venustas. In his amazing writing, Mangunwijaya offered a distillation of trilogy (three categories into two categories, 'use' and 'image'. This writing is going to impart how the distillation of three categories becomes a 'two-categories. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Yusuf Bilyarta Mangunwijaya tidak saja dikenal sebagai seorang Pastor, tetapi dia juga seorang budayawan, sastrawan, bahkan arsitek. Karya arsitekturnya menyentuh bahkan sampai ke mereka-mereka yang dipinggirkan (kaum marjinal. Karya arsitekturnya tidak saja sebuah sosok bangunan, tetapi sekaligus karya total dengan pembangunan manusianya, "Guna" dan "Citra". Arsitektur dunia tidak dapat melepaskan diri dari Trilogi Vitruvius: Firmitas, utilitas dan venustas. Dalam karya tulisnya yang luarbiasa, Romo Mangunwijaya menyingkatnya hanya dwilogi saja, Guna dan Citra. Tulisan ini akan membahas bagaimana perasan trilogi itu menjadi dwilogi saja. Kata kunci: Mangunwijaya, Vitruvius, guna, citra.

  2. JAMINAN KEPASTIAN HUKUM PEMBERIAN PERPANJANGAN HAK GUNA USAHA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mursil Mursil

    2014-04-01

    Kegiatan bisnis sangat menuntut adanya jaminan kepastian hukum. Salah satu persoalan penting terkait dengan kepastian hukum tersebut adalah perpanjangan hak guna usaha. Tulisan ini membahas mengenai jaminan kepastian hukum pemberian perpanjangan hak guna usaha, termasuk perlindungan hukum terhadap investor berkenaan dengan asset yang dimilikinya di atas hak guna usaha ketika permohonan perpanjangan hak guna usahanya tidak dikabulkan. Terkait dengan itu tulisan ini menemukan adanya perbedaan pengaturan antara Peraturan Pemerintah dengan Peraturan Menteri serta tidak memadainya perlindungan hukum kepada investor menyangkut aset-asetnya yang ada di atas hak guna usaha ketika permohonan perpanjangan hak guna usahanya tidak dikabulkan.   Abstract Business activities requires guarantees of legal certainty. One of the important issues related to the legal certainty is the extension of the right to cultivate. This paper discusses the legal guarantee provided in the extension of the right to cultivate, including legal protection of the investor in respect of its assets over the right to cultivate when the application for renewal of their right was not granted. This paper revealed that there are differences between the relevant Government Regulation and Minister Regulation as well as inadequacy of legal protection of the investors assets located on the tract of land with the right to cultivate when the application renew that right was not granted.

  3. Measuring surface current velocities in the Agulhas region with ASAR

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Rouault, MJ

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Surface current information collected over the Agulhas Current region and derived from the Doppler centroid anomalies of the Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar (ASAR) are examined. The sources of errors and potential use of the radar surface...

  4. Kajian Paduserasi Tata Ruang Daerah (Trd) dengan Tata Guna Hutan (Tgh)

    OpenAIRE

    Syahadat, Epi; Dwiprabowo, Hariyatno

    2013-01-01

    Kajian paduserasi tata ruang daerah dengan tata guna hutan adalah suatu kajian terhadap aturan main dalam pelaksanaan paduserasi rencana tata ruang daerah dengan tata guna hutan, dasar hukum, serta upaya yang dilakukan oleh pemerintah untuk mengoptimalkan struktur ruang daerah sesuai dengan rencana pembangunan/pengembangan daerah. Kajian paduserasi tata ruang daerah dengan tata guna hutan berorientasi terhadap aspek-aspek utama dan pendukung yang menyebabkan keberhasilan maupun kegagalan dari...

  5. Effect of Wind Direction on ENVISAT ASAR Wind Speed Retrieval

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Takeyama, Yuko; Ohsawa, Teruo; Kozai, Katsutoshi

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents an evaluation of effects of wind directions (NCEP, MANAL, QuickSCAT and WRF) on the sea surface wind speed retrieval from 75 ENVISAT ASAR images with four C-band Geophysical model functions, CMOD4, CMOD_IFR2, CMOD5 and CMOD5N at two target areas, Hiratsuka and Shirahama...

  6. An Examination of Brenhoma Cultural Heritage in Asare Konadu's A ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Uwaifo's view succinctly captures the essence of this paper which examines Brenhoma cultural heritage exposed by Asare Konadu in A woman in Her Prime. The paper specifically beams its searchlight on Brenhoma cultural heritage paying particular attention to their sacrifices, omen, purifications, beliefs and funeral rites ...

  7. SKI - ASAR - R1. As operated Safety Analysis Report. Recurring safety review 1995 Ringhals 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2000-01-01

    According to Swedish law, the reactor owner is responsible for performing a safety review and writing a so called ASAR-report. The Nuclear Power Inspectorate (SKI) examines this report, and reports the findings to the government (the so called SKI-ASAR-report). Each Swedish reactor should pass through three full ASAR reviews during its lifetime, similar to the licensing inspection before start-up of the reactor. The second series ASAR was delivered by the Ringhals utility to SKI in September 1995, and forms the basis for the SKI analysis in the present report

  8. PERJANJIAN SEWA GUNA USAHA ANTARA LESSEE DAN LESSOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aprilianti Aprilianti

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Perjanjian sewa guna usaha (leasing yang diadakan oleh Lessor dan Lesseen dilakukan secara tertulis dalam bentuk perjanjian standar. Isi perjanjian tersebut ditentukan oleh jenis dari leasing itu sendiri dan hubungan hukum (hak dan kewajiban timbal balik antara Lessor dan Lessee. Bagi Lessor, hak dan kewajibannya adalah memperoleh pembayaran sebagai imbalan jasa dan menyerahkan barang modal kepada Lessee. Sedangkan hak dan kewajiban Lessee adalah meperoleh kegunaan dari barang modal dan membayar sewa secara berkala. Tidak dipenuhinya hak dan kewajiban masing-masing pihak maka dapat disebut wanprestasi. Perjanjian akan berakhir jika hak dan kewajiban Lessor dan Lessee telah dilaksanakan sesuai dengan perjanjian. Kata Kunci: Leasing, Lessor, Lessee, hak dan kewajiban.

  9. Mapping the Agulhas Current from space: an assessment of ASAR surface current velocities

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Rouault, MJ

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Over 2 years of surface current information collected in the Agulhas Current region and derived from the Doppler centroid anomalies of Envisat’s advanced synthetic aperture radar (ASAR) are examined. The sources of errors and potential use of ASAR...

  10. Asynchronous replication, mono-allelic expression, and long range Cis-effects of ASAR6.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donley, Nathan; Stoffregen, Eric P; Smith, Leslie; Montagna, Christina; Thayer, Mathew J

    2013-04-01

    Mammalian chromosomes initiate DNA replication at multiple sites along their length during each S phase following a temporal replication program. The majority of genes on homologous chromosomes replicate synchronously. However, mono-allelically expressed genes such as imprinted genes, allelically excluded genes, and genes on female X chromosomes replicate asynchronously. We have identified a cis-acting locus on human chromosome 6 that controls this replication-timing program. This locus encodes a large intergenic non-coding RNA gene named Asynchronous replication and Autosomal RNA on chromosome 6, or ASAR6. Disruption of ASAR6 results in delayed replication, delayed mitotic chromosome condensation, and activation of the previously silent alleles of mono-allelic genes on chromosome 6. The ASAR6 gene resides within an ∼1.2 megabase domain of asynchronously replicating DNA that is coordinated with other random asynchronously replicating loci along chromosome 6. In contrast to other nearby mono-allelic genes, ASAR6 RNA is expressed from the later-replicating allele. ASAR6 RNA is synthesized by RNA Polymerase II, is not polyadenlyated, is restricted to the nucleus, and is subject to random mono-allelic expression. Disruption of ASAR6 leads to the formation of bridged chromosomes, micronuclei, and structural instability of chromosome 6. Finally, ectopic integration of cloned genomic DNA containing ASAR6 causes delayed replication of entire mouse chromosomes.

  11. Asynchronous replication, mono-allelic expression, and long range Cis-effects of ASAR6.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nathan Donley

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Mammalian chromosomes initiate DNA replication at multiple sites along their length during each S phase following a temporal replication program. The majority of genes on homologous chromosomes replicate synchronously. However, mono-allelically expressed genes such as imprinted genes, allelically excluded genes, and genes on female X chromosomes replicate asynchronously. We have identified a cis-acting locus on human chromosome 6 that controls this replication-timing program. This locus encodes a large intergenic non-coding RNA gene named Asynchronous replication and Autosomal RNA on chromosome 6, or ASAR6. Disruption of ASAR6 results in delayed replication, delayed mitotic chromosome condensation, and activation of the previously silent alleles of mono-allelic genes on chromosome 6. The ASAR6 gene resides within an ∼1.2 megabase domain of asynchronously replicating DNA that is coordinated with other random asynchronously replicating loci along chromosome 6. In contrast to other nearby mono-allelic genes, ASAR6 RNA is expressed from the later-replicating allele. ASAR6 RNA is synthesized by RNA Polymerase II, is not polyadenlyated, is restricted to the nucleus, and is subject to random mono-allelic expression. Disruption of ASAR6 leads to the formation of bridged chromosomes, micronuclei, and structural instability of chromosome 6. Finally, ectopic integration of cloned genomic DNA containing ASAR6 causes delayed replication of entire mouse chromosomes.

  12. Rekonstruksi dan Revitalisasi Pendidikan Indonesia Guna Meningkatkan Kualitas Bangsa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ihsana Sabriani Borualogo

    2004-12-01

    Masalah-masalah yang terjadi dalam dunia pendidikan di Indonesia antara lain bersumber dari budaya pendidikan kolonialisme (intelektualisme dan verbalistik yang feodal dan birokratik, sehingga peserta didik tidak memiliki kesempatan untuk menyampaikan gagasan-gagasannya dan adanya kecenderungan untuk mendewakan ijazah formal. Selain itu, sistem pendidikan sentralistik yang selama ini dijalankan menghambat kreativitas guru untuk melakukan inovasi dan mencari metode baru dalam sistem pengajarannya. Paradigma pendidikan nasional yang memandang lebih kepada siswa yang mampu dalam ilmu pengetahuan dan teknologi serta mengabaikan kemampuan siswa dalam bidang ilmu sosial, juga menjadi salah satu faktor yang menghambat peningkatan kualitas bangsa. Selain itu, tampaknya pemerintah cenderung lebih mengutamakan pemanfaatan kualitas sumber daya alam dan mengabaikan pentingnya sumber daya manusia sebagai tenaga ahli untuk mengelola sumber daya alam tersebut. Rendahnya kualitas guru juga menjadi keluhan yang sering dimunculkan, karena guru adalah tokoh sentral pendidikan formal. Di samping itu, biaya pendidikan yang tinggi menjadikan pendidikan sebagai suatu hal yang eksklusif dan elit. Rekonstruksi pendidikan harus dilakukan guna mengubah sentralisasi pendidikan dan mengubah paradigma pendidikan nasional. Berbagai upaya dapat dilakukan dengan mengacu pada teori multiple intelligence dari Howard Gardner dan mempertimbangkan pentingnya pendidikan melalui pembiasaan, pembelajaran, dan peneladanan. Rekonstruksi dana pendidikan juga perlu dilakukan dengan mencari alternatif lain pendanaan pendidikan, tidak hanya mengharapkan dana dari pemerintah. Revitalisasi pendidikan dilakukan dengan mengoptimalkan fasilitas pendidikan yang telah dimiliki oleh sekolah dan berupaya menjalin kerjasama dengan pihak luar agar fasilitas dapat selalu diperbaharui dan aktual.

  13. A processing method for rice crop inventory using multi-date ENVISAT-1 ASAR data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ling, Feilong; Wang, Xiaoqin; Shi, Xiaoming

    2005-11-01

    Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) is anticipated to be the dominant high-resolution remote sensing data source for agricultural applications in tropical and subtropical regions due to its independent from cloud cover. ENVISAT-1 ASAR is the most advanced satellite radar-imaging instrument, its capabilities include beam steering for acquiring images with different incidence angles, duel polarization and wide swath coverage. Agricultural crop inventory based on remote sensed data will be improved greatly by ASAR's new capabilities. In this paper, a procedure has been developed using multi-date ASAR data for rice crop inventory. The procedure comprises two parts: data preprocessing and classification of multi-date data for rice field. In order to carry out the research, 6 scenes of ASAR images covering Fuzhou area year round of 2004 were used. PCI 9.1 is used for data preprocessing which includes data calibration, image co-registration, speckle suppression, orthorecitification and amplitude-to-dB conversion. Some novel methods are applied in this procedure such as correlation matching for image co-registration and multi-channel filtering for speckle suppression. Object-oriented classifier was used, compared with K-means supervised classifier and maximum likelihood classifier, and higher classification accuracy was achieved. By adopting the procedure presented in this paper, more than 90% classification accuracy for rice was achieved in Fuzhou city with multi-date Envisat ASAR data. This indicates that the procedure is feasible for rice crop inventory using multi-date ASAR data.

  14. SKI - ASAR - B1/B2 As operated Safety Analysis Report. Recurring safety review 1995 Barsebaeck 1 and 2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1996-12-01

    According to Swedish law, the reactor owner is responsible for performing a safety review and writing a so called ASAR-report. The Nuclear Power Inspectorate (SKI) examines this report, and reports the findings to the government (the so called SKI-ASAR-report). Each Swedish reactor should pass through three full ASAR reviews during its lifetime, similar to the licensing inspection before start-up of the reactor. The second series ASAR was delivered by the Barsebaeck utility to SKI in September 1995, and forms the basis for the SKI analysis in the present report

  15. Myndos (Asar Adası Geç Antik Dönem Seramikleri / Late Antiquity Pottery Of (Asar Island Myndos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sinan Mimaroğlu

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Ancient city of Myndos was one of Carian Cities in the antiquity and is located within the administrative boundaries of Gumusluk locality of Bodrum District in modern Turkey’s Mugla Province. Apart from information recounted in works of antique and modern travelers, the very first study on this city was the underwater exploration conducted in and around Myndos by INA (Institute of Nautical Archaeology in 1980 whereupon 10 amphoras, similar to those found in Yassiada Shipwreck which were aged for 4th century A.D. Underwater and surface studies were carried out between 2004 and 2006 which were led by Prof. Dr. Mustafa Sahin. The ground surveys carried out in 2008 revealed a monumental structure on Asar Island whereupon first scientific excavation works have started in 2009.* The layers of structures beginning earliest from the Hellenistic period were revealed by the studies on the hill. In the Late Antiquity, basilica and houses and cisterns were built on top of the hill. The most recent layer features fortified walls dating the Late Byzantium Era. Present study is the first that focuses on ceramics that were excavated between the years 2009-2013 from Asar Island (a.k.a. Rabbit Island which overlooks the Myndos. The ceramics examined in this study are from Late Antiquity of common wares and include cooking and heating pots, lids and Late Roman Red-Slip Wares. The ceramics provide important data concerning Late Antique settlements in the site and clues much needed to understand the fabric of the settlement. [TR: Antik coğrafyada Karia kentlerinden birisi olan Myndos Antik Kenti, günümüzde Muğla İli, Bodrum İlçesi, Gümüşlük Beldesi sınırları içerisinde yer almaktadır. Kent hakkında antik ve modern seyyahların verdikleri bilgiler dışında ilk bilimsel çalışma 1980 yılında INA (Institute of Nautical Archaeology tarafından Myndos’ta ve çevresinde gerçekleştirilen sualtı araştırmasıdır. Bu araştırmalar esnas

  16. Validation of Ship Signatures in Envisat ASAR AP Mode Data using AISLive: Data Acquisition, Processing, and Analysis Results

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Vachon, Paris W; Wolfe, John

    2008-01-01

    .... Envisat Advanced SAR (ASAR) Alternating Polarization (AP) mode data acquisitions over the Strait of Dover and the Strait of Gibraltar, two high-density shipping regions with Automatic Identification System (AIS...

  17. Understanding adaptation and transformation through indigenous practice: the case of the Guna of Panama

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina J. Apgar

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Resilience is emerging as a promising vehicle for improving management of social-ecological systems that can potentially lead to more sustainable arrangements between environmental and social spheres. Central to an understanding of how to support resilience is the need to understand social change and its links with adaptation and transformation. Our aim is to contribute to insights about and understanding of underlying social dynamics at play in social-ecological systems. We argue that longstanding indigenous practices provide opportunities for investigating processes of adaptation and transformation. We use in-depth analysis of adaptation and transformation through engagement in participatory action research, focusing on the role of cultural and social practices among the Guna indigenous peoples in Panama. Our findings reveal that cultural practices facilitating leadership development, personhood development, and social networking are critical for enabling both adaptation and transformation. Further, we argue that Guna ritual practice builds additional skills, such as critical self-reflection and creative innovation, that are important for supporting the deeper changes required by transformation.

  18. Can the ASAR Global Monitoring Mode Product Adequately Capture Spatial Soil Moisture Variability?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mladenova, I.; Lakshmi, V.; Walker, J.; Panciera, R.; Wagner, W.; Doubkova, M.

    2008-12-01

    Global soil moisture (SM) monitoring in the past several decades has been undertaken mainly at coarse spatial resolution, which is not adequate for addressing small-scale phenomena and processes. The currently operational Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer (NASA) and future planned missions such as the Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (ESA) and the Soil Moisture Active Passive (NASA) will remain resolution limited. Finer scale soil moisture estimates can be achieved either by down-scaling the available coarse resolution radiometer and scatterometer (i.e. ERS1/2, ASCAT) observations or by using high resolution active microwave SAR type systems (typical resolution is in the order of meters). Considering the complex land surface - backscatter signal interaction, soil moisture inversion utilizing active microwave observations is difficult and generally needs supplementary data. Algorithms based on temporal change detection offer an alternative less complex approach for deriving (and disaggregating coarse) soil moisture estimates. Frequent monitoring and low frequency range along with a high pixel resolution are essential preconditions when characterizing spatial and temporal soil moisture variability. An alternative active system that meets these requirements is the Advance Synthetic Aperture Radar (ASAR) on ENVISAT [C-band, global, 1 km in Global Monitoring (GM) Mode]. The Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien) has developed a 1 km soil moisture product using the temporal change detection approach and the ASAR GM. The TU Wien SM product sensitivity was evaluated at two scales: point (using in situ data from permanent soil moisture stations) and regional [using ground measured data and aircraft estimates derived from the Polarimetric L-band Microwave Radiometer (PLMR)] over the National Airborne Field Experiment (NAFE'05) area located in the Goulburn catchment, SE Australia. The month long (November 2005) campaign was undertaken in a region predominantly covered

  19. Synergistic use of ENVISAT ASAR Global Mode Soil Moisture Products in the Okavango Delta: Runoff & Wetland Monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartsch, A.; Doubkova, M.; Pathe, C.; Sabel, D.; Wagner, W.

    2007-12-01

    The Okavango Delta of northern Botswana is a fast-changing system of canals and floodplains which serves as an important wetland habitat. The area of the wetland is highly dependent on local source of precipitation as well as on external inflow from the upper Okavango River. The Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar (ASAR) is an active remote sensing instrument onboard ENVISAT platform operating at C-band. The data from the ASAR Global ScanSAR Mode (GM) have amply demonstrated the ability for inland wetland monitoring as well as for near surface soil moisture derivation. The processing chain for ENVISAT derived soil moisture was setup within the ESA Tiger DUE Innovator project SHARE for hydrometeorological applications in the Southern African Development Community (SADC). The ASAR GM provides up to weekly samples of the Okavango delta with 1 km spatial resolution. The extent of the Okavango Delta wetlands is derived from the ENVISAT ASAR GM data applying threshold of absolute backscatter values. The relations of the wetland size, river discharge, and the relative mean soil moisture in the upper Okavango catchment are studied. Correlation above 0.9 can be observed between the relative mean soil moisture and river discharge. High dependence of the wetland extent on the relative mean soil moisture in the upper Okavango is also clearly evident. With this work we demonstrate that the relative soil moisture derived from the ENVISAT ASAR GM data can be clearly related to the river discharge measurements in subtropic environments. Additionally, we show the ability of ENVISAT ASAR Global Mode to monitor dynamics of wetland areas as a response to the relative soil moisture in the upper Okavango catchment. This allows for prediction of the wetland extent up to six months in advance. An incorporation of spatially improved soil moisture and wetland products may improve prediction models for the wetland region.

  20. Global monitoring of wetlands--the value of ENVISAT ASAR Global mode.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartsch, A; Wagner, W; Scipal, K; Pathe, C; Sabel, D; Wolski, P

    2009-05-01

    This paper elaborates on recent advances in the use of ScanSAR technologies for wetland-related research. Applications of active satellite radar systems include the monitoring of inundation dynamics as well as time series analyses of surface soil wetness. For management purposes many wetlands, especially those in dry regions, need to be monitored for short and long-term changes. Another application of these technologies is monitoring the impact of climate change in permafrost transition zones where peatlands form one of the major land cover types. Therefore, examples from boreal and subtropical environments are presented using the analysed ENVISAT ASAR Global mode (GM, 1 km resolution) data acquired in 2005 and 2006. In the case of the ENVISAT ASAR instrument, data availability of the rather coarse Global Mode depends on request priorities of other competing modes, but acquisition frequency may still be on average fortnightly to monthly depending on latitude. Peatland types covering varying permafrost regimes of the West Siberian Lowlands can be distinguished from each other and other land cover by multi-temporal analyses. Up to 75% of oligotrophic bogs can be identified in the seasonal permafrost zone in both years. The high seasonal and inter-annual dynamics of the subtropic Okavango Delta can also be captured by GM time series. Response to increased precipitation in 2006 differs from flood propagation patterns. In addition, relative soil moisture maps may provide a valuable data source in order to account for external hydrological factors of such complex wetland ecosystems.

  1. Lake Izabal (Guatemala) shoreline detection and inundated area estimation from ENVISAT ASAR images

    Science.gov (United States)

    Medina, C.; Gomez-Enri, J.; Alonso, J. J.; Villares, P.

    2008-10-01

    The surface extent of a lake reflects its water storage variations. This information has important hydrological and operational applications. However, there is a lack of information regarding this subject because the traditional methodologies for this purposes (ground surveys, aerial photos) requires high resources investments. Remote sensing techniques (optical/radar sensors) permit a low cost, constant and accurate monitoring of this parameter. The objective of this study was to determine the surface variations of Lake Izabal, the largest one in Guatemala. The lake is located close to the Caribbean Sea coastline. The climate in the region is predominantly cloudy and rainy, being the Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) the best suited sensor for this purpose. Although several studies have successfully used SAR products in detecting land-water boundaries, all of them highlighted some sensor limitations. These limitations are mainly caused by roughened water surfaces caused by strong winds which are frequent in Lake Izabal. The ESA's ASAR data products were used. From the set of 9 ASAR images used, all of them have wind-roughened ashore waters in several levels. Here, a chain of image processing steps were applied in order to extract a reliable shoreline. The shoreline detection is the key task for the surface estimation. After the shoreline extraction, the inundated area of the lake was estimated. In-situ lake level measurements were used for validation. The results showed good agreement between the inundated areas estimations and the lake level gauges.

  2. Cave Tourism: The Potential of Asar Cave as a Natural Tourism Asset at Lenggong Valley, Perak

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rindam Main

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The Lenggong Valley, from a standpoint of natural tourism research, presents strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and challenges that can be utilized to help increase the opportunities for the local community to increase their standard of living. Asar Cave comprises one of the caves that are found in Lenggong. A series of external studies have been done on Asar Cave in order to measure its potential for natural tourism in Lenggong. The objective of this study is to discuss caves as a natural resource that has great potential in the growth of the economy of the residents of the Lenggong Valley. Marketing caves as a source of nature tourism helps the government’s achievements in National Key Result Areas, apart from being a form of environmental control as well as helping to increase awareness about environmental education, specifically those associated with caves. The research results find that SWOT analysis presents huge potential for caves to become a source of nature tourism development in Lenggong. Great potential can also be seen from a standpoint of increasing the standard of living of its residents through their involvement in the tourism sector based on local natural assets.

  3. Detection of Wetland Dynamics with Envisat ASAR in Support of Methane Modelling in High Latitudes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartsch, A.; Sabel, D.; Schlaffer, S.; Naeimi, V.; Wagner, W.

    2011-01-01

    Wetland dynamics play an important role for methane release in high latitudes. Inundation as well as changes in surface wetness at local to regional scale can be detected using especially SAR (Synthetic Aperture Radar) data. Acquisitions available from ENVISAT ASAR are assessed for their potential for regular wetland monitoring at high latitudes within the ESA STSE project ’ALANIS - Methane’. Open water surfaces larger than approximately two ha can be identified using a simple threshold-based classification applied to the normalized ENVISAT ASAR wide swath (WS) data. Specular reflection from calm water surfaces which results in low backscatter enables a straight forward identification of inundation in areas with limited vegetation coverage. Open peatland can also be identified with SAR due to their higher moisture content and thus higher backscatter. Both backscatter mechanisms are exploited for intra-seasonal wetland monitoring in Northern Eurasia for ALANIS Methane. Inter-annual variations of inundation are also derived at selected sites in boreal/arctic environment as part of the ESA DUE Permafrost project. This paper especially discusses limitations due to sampling frequency and the potential for improvements of regional scale wetland detection approaches.

  4. opoku asare

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dmosman.admin

    Natural dyes from plant, animal and mineral sources have been used for centuries across the world. This study however ... The study identified sodium carbonate as an effective mordant for improving the colour, strength and fastness of the ... Keywords: Natural dye, local plants, colour work, visual arts curriculum, Ghana.

  5. A randomized control trial of the effect of yoga on Gunas (personality) and Self esteem in normal healthy volunteers

    OpenAIRE

    Deshpande, Sudheer; Nagendra, H R; Nagarathna, Raghuram

    2009-01-01

    Background/Aims: To study the efficacy of yoga on Gunas (personality) and self esteem in normal adults through a randomized comparative study. Materials and Methods: Of the 1228 persons who attended motivational lectures, 226 subjects aged 18–71 years, of both sexes, who satisfied the inclusion and exclusion criteria, and who consented to participate in the study were randomly allocated into two groups. The Yoga (Y) group practised an integrated yoga module that included asanas, pranayama, me...

  6. A randomized control trial of the effect of yoga on Gunas (personality) and Self esteem in normal healthy volunteers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deshpande, Sudheer; Nagendra, H R; Nagarathna, Raghuram

    2009-01-01

    To study the efficacy of yoga on Gunas (personality) and self esteem in normal adults through a randomized comparative study. Of the 1228 persons who attended motivational lectures, 226 subjects aged 18-71 years, of both sexes, who satisfied the inclusion and exclusion criteria, and who consented to participate in the study were randomly allocated into two groups. The Yoga (Y) group practised an integrated yoga module that included asanas, pranayama, meditation, notional correction, and devotional sessions. The comparison group practised mild to moderate physical exercises (PE). Both groups had supervised practices for one hour daily, six days a week, for eight weeks. Guna (personality) was assessed before and after eight weeks using the self-administered "The 'Gita" Inventory of Personality" (GIN) to assess Sattva, Rajas, and Tamas. Self esteem in terms of competency (COM), global self esteem (GSE), moral and self esteem (MSE), social esteem (SET), family self esteem (FSE), body and physical appearance (BPA), and the lie scale (LIS) were assessed using the self esteem questionnaire (SEQ). The baseline scores for all domains for both the groups did not differ significantly (P > 0.05 independent samples t-test). There were significant pre-post improvements in all domains in both groups (P self esteem in the Y group is greater than for the PE group in three out of seven domains. This randomized controlled study has shown the influence of Yoga on Gunas and self esteem in comparison to physical exercise.

  7. Woody cover assessments in a Southern African Savanna, using hyper-temporal C-band ASAR-WS data

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Main, R

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available and international commitments to manage them. Using LiDAR data as a calibration dataset, this paper sets out to investigate the potential of hyper-temporal C-band ASAR SAR data in mapping woody structural related parameters in a savanna environment. Images spanning...

  8. The Appraisal of Self-Care Agency Scale - Revised (ASA-R): Adaptation and Validation in a Sample of Spanish Older Adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alhambra-Borrás, Tamara; Durá-Ferrandis, Estrella; Garcés-Ferrer, Jorge; Sánchez-García, Javier

    2017-10-23

    Self-care agency is an important determinant of healthy aging. The Appraisal of Self-care Agency Scale (ASA-R) (Sousa et al., 2010) is one of the main instrument to assess self-care capacity. The objectives of the study were: 1) to adapt and validate ASA-R scale for use in Spanish population; 2) to examine the dimensionality, validity and reliability; 3) and to establish the convergent validity of ASA-R using a self-reported health measure. The ASA-R Scale and the 12-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-12) were administered to 488 Spanish seniors aged 65 and over. Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) was used to analyze the dimensionality, validity and reliability. Convergent validity was tested by correlating the ASA-R factors with the SF-12 subscales; correlations were significant (p 0.05 (0.436), RMSEA closer to 0 (0.006), SRMR 0.95 (0.996 and 0.995). The results also demonstrated that ASA-R is a reliable and valid instrument. The ASA-R has demonstrated to be a reliable (CR indices > 0.7) and valid (AVE > 0.5) instrument in measuring self-care agency among Spanish older population.

  9. EnviSAT ASAR Monitoring Of The Natural And Archaeological Landscape Of Nasca, Peru

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cigna, Francesca; Tapete, Deodato; Lasaponara, Rosa; Masini, Nicola

    2013-12-01

    We exploit the 4year-long archive of ENVISAT ASAR IS2 C-band imagery available through ESA Cat-1 project id.11073 over Nasca (Southern Peru), to reconstruct the temporal evolution of the Rio Grande drainage basin and its impacts on the natural and cultural heritage preserved within this region, well- known for the evidences of the ancient Paracas and Nasca Civilizations who flourished between the 4th century BC and the 6th century AD. Inferences about the recent changes of the cultural landscapes and the main landforms in 2003-2007 were retrieved based on SAR backscattering (σ0) time series. Ancient aqueduct systems (the so-called puquios) and the famous geoglyphs ('Nasca Lines') were detected, even at a medium-resolution scale provided by ENVISAT images.

  10. A randomized control trial of the effect of yoga on Gunas (personality and Self esteem in normal healthy volunteers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deshpande Sudheer

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aims: To study the efficacy of yoga on Gunas (personality and self esteem in normal adults through a randomized comparative study. Materials and Methods: Of the 1228 persons who attended motivational lectures, 226 subjects aged 18-71 years, of both sexes, who satisfied the inclusion and exclusion criteria, and who consented to participate in the study were randomly allocated into two groups. The Yoga (Y group practised an integrated yoga module that included asanas, pranayama, meditation, notional correction, and devotional sessions. The comparison group practised mild to moderate physical exercises (PE. Both groups had supervised practices for one hour daily, six days a week, for eight weeks. Guna (personality was assessed before and after eight weeks using the self-administered "The ′Gita" Inventory of Personality" (GIN to assess Sattva, Rajas, and Tamas . Self esteem in terms of competency (COM, global self esteem (GSE, moral and self esteem (MSE, social esteem (SET, family self esteem (FSE, body and physical appearance (BPA, and the lie scale (LIS were assessed using the self esteem questionnaire (SEQ. Results: The baseline scores for all domains for both the groups did not differ significantly ( P > 0.05 independent samples t-test. There were significant pre-post improvements in all domains in both groups ( P < 0.001 paired t-test. The number of persons who showed improvement in Sattva and decrease in Tamas was significant in the Y but not in the PE group (McNemar test. The effect size for self esteem in the Y group is greater than for the PE group in three out of seven domains. Conclusions: This randomized controlled study has shown the influence of Yoga on Gunas and self esteem in comparison to physical exercise.

  11. Mapping Rice Seasonality in the Mekong Delta with Multi-Year Envisat ASAR WSM Data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duy Ba Nguyen

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Rice is the most important food crop in Asia, and the timely mapping and monitoring of paddy rice fields subsequently emerged as an important task in the context of food security and modelling of greenhouse gas emissions. Rice growth has a distinct influence on Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR backscatter images, and time-series analysis of C-band images has been successfully employed to map rice fields. The poor data availability on regional scales is a major drawback of this method. We devised an approach to classify paddy rice with the use of all available Envisat ASAR WSM (Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar Wide Swath Mode data for our study area, the Mekong Delta in Vietnam. We used regression-based incidence angle normalization and temporal averaging to combine acquisitions from multiple tracks and years. A crop phenology-based classifier has been applied to this time series to detect single-, double- and triple-cropped rice areas (one to three harvests per year, as well as dates and lengths of growing seasons. Our classification has an overall accuracy of 85.3% and a kappa coefficient of 0.74 compared to a reference dataset and correlates highly with official rice area statistics at the provincial level (R² of 0.98. SAR-based time-series analysis allows accurate mapping and monitoring of rice areas even under adverse atmospheric conditions.

  12. Analisis Kualitas Air Sungai Guna Menentukan Peruntukan Ditinjau Dari Aspek Lingkungan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dedy Anwar Saleh Pohan

    2017-04-01

    ., Budiyono, Syafrudin. (2016. Analisis Kualitas Air Sungai Guna Menentukan Peruntukan Ditinjau dari Aspek Lingkungan di Sungai Kupang Kota Pekalongan. Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan,14(2,63-71, doi:10.14710/jil.14.2.63-71

  13. Soil surface moisture estimation over a semi-arid region using ENVISAT ASAR radar data for soil evaporation evaluation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Zribi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The present paper proposes a method for the evaluation of soil evaporation, using soil moisture estimations based on radar satellite measurements. We present firstly an approach for the estimation and monitoring of soil moisture in a semi-arid region in North Africa, using ENVISAT ASAR images, over two types of vegetation covers. The first mapping process is dedicated solely to the monitoring of moisture variability related to rainfall events, over areas in the "non-irrigated olive tree" class of land use. The developed approach is based on a simple linear relationship between soil moisture and the backscattered radar signal normalised at a reference incidence angle. The second process is proposed over wheat fields, using an analysis of moisture variability due to both rainfall and irrigation. A semi-empirical model, based on the water-cloud model for vegetation correction, is used to retrieve soil moisture from the radar signal. Moisture mapping is carried out over wheat fields, showing high variability between irrigated and non-irrigated wheat covers. This analysis is based on a large database, including both ENVISAT ASAR and simultaneously acquired ground-truth measurements (moisture, vegetation, roughness, during the 2008–2009 vegetation cycle. Finally, a semi-empirical approach is proposed in order to relate surface moisture to the difference between soil evaporation and the climate demand, as defined by the potential evaporation. Mapping of the soil evaporation is proposed.

  14. Pengendalian Pemberian Hak Guna Usaha atas Tanah sebagai Upaya Pencegahan Kerusakan Hutan karena Perambahan Kawasan Hutan yang Dilakukan oleh Perkebunan

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    Yusuf Saepul Zamil

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Kasus kebakaran hutan yang terjadi di Provinsi Riau dan beberapa daerah di Indonesia menjadi bencana nasional karena dampak dari kebakaran hutan tersebut menyebabkan kabut asap yang merusak kesehatan, mengganggu aktivitas masyarakat, merusak ekosistem tumbuh-tumbuhan dan hewan, membahayakan penerbangan, protes dari negara tetangga karena adanya kabut asap, dan kerugian-kerugian lainnya. Perambahan hutan juga menyebabkan masyarakat adat dipaksa keluar dari tanah leluhur karena hutan tempat hidup dan mencari penghidupan hangus terbakar. Hal ini adalah kejahatan kemanusiaan luar biasa yang dilakukan oleh para penjarah hutan. Pemberian hak guna usaha atas tanah untuk perkebunan yang mengalihfungsikan kawasan hutan menjadi kawasan perkebunan seharusnya terlebih dahulu mendapat persetujuan dari Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan, walaupun hak guna usaha yang dimohonkan berada pada kawasan area penggunaan lain yang dikuasai oleh pemerintah daerah. Pengendalian izin pengelolaan dan pemanfaatan lahan untuk perkebunan yang merambah kawasan hutan dapat dilakukan antara lain: membuat peraturan daerah tentang tata ruang wilayah dengan menetapkan kawasan hutan di dalam tidak boleh dialihfungsikan menjadi kawasan perkebunan atau kawasan lainnya, menetapkan hutan abadi di beberapa wilayah di Indonesia, dan kebijakan moratorium izin-izin usaha perkebunan. Abstract Cases of fires in Riau Province and some areas in Indonesia became a national disaster due to the impact of forest fires causing smog that damage health, disrupt community activities, destruction of the ecosystem of plants and animals, endanger the flight, protests from neighboring countries because of the smog, and other loses. Encroachment also led to indigenous people being forced out of their ancestral lands as forest where they live and make a living is burned down. This is an incredible crimes against humanity committed by forest dwellers. Granting land use permit which transforms

  15. Reduction of atmospheric disturbances in PSInSAR measure technique based on ENVISAT ASAR data for Erta Ale Ridge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kopeć, Anna

    2018-01-01

    The interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) is becoming more and more popular to investigate surface deformation, associated with volcanism, earthquakes, landslides, and post-mining surface subsidence. The measuring accuracy depends on many factors: surface, time and geometric decorrelation, orbit errors, however the largest challenges are the tropospheric delays. The spatial and temporal variations in temperature, pressure, and relative humidity are responsible for tropospheric delays. So far, many methods have been developed, but researchers are still searching for the one, that will allow to correct interferograms consistently in different regions and times. The article focuses on examining the methods based on empirical phase-based methods, spectrometer measurements and weather model. These methods were applied to the ENVISAT ASAR data for the Erta Ale Ridge in the Afar Depression, East Africa

  16. Flood Mapping and Flood Dynamics of the Mekong Delta: ENVISAT-ASAR-WSM Based Time Series Analyses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefan Dech

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Satellite remote sensing is a valuable tool for monitoring flooding. Microwave sensors are especially appropriate instruments, as they allow the differentiation of inundated from non-inundated areas, regardless of levels of solar illumination or frequency of cloud cover in regions experiencing substantial rainy seasons. In the current study we present the longest synthetic aperture radar-based time series of flood and inundation information derived for the Mekong Delta that has been analyzed for this region so far. We employed overall 60 Envisat ASAR Wide Swath Mode data sets at a spatial resolution of 150 meters acquired during the years 2007–2011 to facilitate a thorough understanding of the flood regime in the Mekong Delta. The Mekong Delta in southern Vietnam comprises 13 provinces and is home to 18 million inhabitants. Extreme dry seasons from late December to May and wet seasons from June to December characterize people’s rural life. In this study, we show which areas of the delta are frequently affected by floods and which regions remain dry all year round. Furthermore, we present which areas are flooded at which frequency and elucidate the patterns of flood progression over the course of the rainy season. In this context, we also examine the impact of dykes on floodwater emergence and assess the relationship between retrieved flood occurrence patterns and land use. In addition, the advantages and shortcomings of ENVISAT ASAR-WSM based flood mapping are discussed. The results contribute to a comprehensive understanding of Mekong Delta flood dynamics in an environment where the flow regime is influenced by the Mekong River, overland water-flow, anthropogenic floodwater control, as well as the tides.

  17. PROGRAM DIRECT MARKETING DWI-BAHASA GUNA MENINGKATKAN MINAT WISATA RELIGI MAKAM MBAH HONGGO, KAMPUNG KAYUTANGAN, KOTA MALANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rulli Krisnanda

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Kota Malang memiliki banyak tujuan destinasi wisata. Beberapa diantaranya berlokasi di pusat kota Malang. Salah satu potensi wisata kota yang ada dimiliki oleh kota Malang yaitu Kampung Kayutangan. Wilayah yang mempunyai daya tarik wisata religi terletak� Jl. Basuki Rachmad Gg.4, RW 09 yakni berupa Makam Mbah Honggo Koesomo. Namun masih banyak masyarakat yang belum mengetahui keberadaan dari destinasi wisata ini. Oleh karena perlu diadakan program direct marketing dwi-bahasa guna meningkatkan minat wisata religi makam Mbah Honggo, Kampung Kayutangan, Kota Malang. Pihak-pihak yang diperkirakan dapat membantu dalam mengimplementasikan metode direct-marketing untuk meningkatkan minat wisata wisatawan makam mbah Honggo di Kampung Kayutangan Kota Malang adalah Dinas Pariwisata Kota Malang, pemerintah atau pejabat di kampung Kayutangan, kelompok ibu-ibu PKK kampung Kayutangan, serta masyarakat sekitar kampung makam Mbah Honggo. Langkah-langkah yang dapat ditempuh adalah persiapan pengumpulan informasi, pembuatan alat pemasaran dalam bentuk guide-book, pelatihan teknik pemasaran dan bahasa, pelaksanaan direct-marketing dan evaluasi.

  18. Application of ASAR-ENVISAT Data for Monitoring Andean Volcanic Activity : Results From Lastarria-Azufre Volcanic Complex (Chile-Argentina)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Froger, J.; Remy, D.; Bonvalot, S.; Franco Guerra, M.

    2005-12-01

    Since the pioneer study on Mount Etna by Massonnet et al., in 1995, several works have illustrated the promising potentiality of Synthetic Aperture Radar Interferometry (INSAR) for the monitoring of volcanoes. In the case of wide, remote or hazardous volcanic areas, in particular, INSAR represents a safer and more economic way to acquire measurements than from ground based geodetic networks. Here we present the preliminary results of an interferometric survey made with ASAR-ENVISAT data on a selection of South American volcanoes where deformation signals had been previously evidenced or are expected. An interesting result is the detection of a present-day active ground deformation on the Azufre-Lastarria area (Chile-Argentina) indicating that process, identified during 1998-2000 by Pritchard and Simmons (2004) from ERS data, is still active. The phase signal visible on ASAR interferograms (03/2003-06/2005) is roughly elliptical with a 45 km NNE-SSW major axis. Its amplitude increases as a function of time and is compatible with ground uplift in the line of sight of the satellite. The ASAR time series (up to 840 days, 7 ASAR images) indicates variable deformation rate that might confirm the hypothesis of a non uniform deformation process. We investigated the origin and the significance of the deformation using various source modelling strategies (analytical and numerical). The observed deformation can be explained by the infilling of an elliptical magmatic reservoir lying between 7 and 10 km depth. The deformation could represent the first stage of a new caldera forming as it is correlated with a large, although subtle, topographic depression surrounded by a crown of monogenetic centers. A short wavelength inflation has also been detected on Lastaria volcano. It could result from the on-going infilling of a small subsurface magmatic reservoir, eventually supplied by the deeper one. All these observations point out the need of a closer monitoring of this area in

  19. Quality Assessment of the CCI ECV Soil Moisture Product Using ENVISAT ASAR Wide Swath Data over Spain, Ireland and Finland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chiara Pratola

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available During the last decade, great progress has been made by the scientific community in generating satellite-derived global surface soil moisture products, as a valuable source of information to be used in a variety of applications, such as hydrology, meteorology and climatic modeling. Through the European Space Agency Climate Change Initiative (ESA CCI, the most complete and consistent global soil moisture (SM data record based on active and passive microwaves sensors is being developed. However, the coarse spatial resolution characterizing such data may be not sufficient to accurately represent the moisture conditions. The objective of this work is to assess the quality of the CCI Essential Climate Variable (ECV SM product by using finer spatial resolution Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar (ASAR Wide Swath and in situ soil moisture data taken over three regions in Europe. Ireland, Spain, and Finland have been selected with the aim of assessing the spatial and temporal representativeness of the ECV SM product over areas that differ in climate, topography, land cover and soil type. This approach facilitated an understanding of the extent to which geophysical factors, such as soil texture, terrain composition and altitude, affect the retrieved ECV SM product values. A good temporal and spatial agreement has been observed between the three soil moisture datasets for the Irish and Spanish sites, while poorer results have been found at the Finnish sites. Overall, the two different satellite derived products capture the soil moisture temporal variations well and are in good agreement with each other.

  20. Detecting surface oil slick related to gas hydrate/petroleum on the ocean bed of South China Sea by ENVI/ASAR radar data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yunpeng; Chen, Duofu; Song, Zhiguang

    2013-03-01

    For exploring the distribution of oil slick related to gas hydrate or petroleum in the northern part of South China Sea and evaluating the potential of ENVI/ASAR radar data for detecting oil slick, this paper tries to detect the oil slick on ocean surface of some potential areas in South China Sea and map oil slick from anomaly area in radar image. Seven surface oil slicks in Qiongdongnan Basin and four potential targets of oil slicks in Taixi-Dongsha Basin were detected and extracted by using ENIV/ASAR data. The anomalies of the radar image representing oil slick are validated by in-site sampling and laboratory analyzing. The Gas Chromatograph (GC) results of the extracted oil from the water samples gathered from the sites of detected oil slick demonstrate a typical composition of oil rather than that of ocean microbial origins, and Total Organic Carbon (TOC) concentrations in two designed vertical profiles keep steady in different depths, showing that the organic contents in water column are steady from the deep area to ocean surface. These results suggest the detected oil slick is a thin floating oil rather than a thick spill. Influencing factors to the results of oil slick detection including wind speed, current, small islands and capes as well as deep-sea petroleum reservoirs are discussed. The results in this study exhibit that extracting the anomaly signals related to oil slick related to oil/gas seeps using image processing techniques from ENVI/ASAR data is helpful to predict anomaly areas as potential targets for further exploration in this area.

  1. Analisis dan Perancangan Sistem Pendukung Keputusan Pemilihan Pemasok Terbaik dari Pemasok Tersedia dengan Metode Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP: Studi Kasus Divisi Power PT Guna Elektro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Kartawiguna

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to develop a decision support system to support supplier selection process in PT Guna Elektro and also to develop a system that could provide alternatives to the selection of the best suppliers. The methodologies used in this study are analysis, design, and literature study. Analysis will be done by conducting a survey about the current company system, conducting interviews with system users, and then analyzing the survey results. The literature study is conducted by searching reference sources related to the study while the design is conducted by designing a data management subsystem, model, knowledge base, and user interface. The result on the development of the decision support system application can be used to select the most appropriate supplier which are suitable with the criteria required. The developed decision support system helps support the decision making process for supplier selection.

  2. KARAKTERISTIK DAN MOTIVASI WISATAWAN DALAM VOLUNTOURISM DI KABUPATEN GIANYAR (Studi Kasus Pada Yayasan Widya Guna Desa Bedulu dan Yayasan Bumi Sehat Desa Nyuh Kuning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irena Hersi Kristanti

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays social motivation appears in various forms of tourism activities, one of them is the presence of voluntourism activities in a foundation or village where tourist activity could bring sustainable positive impact for nature and local communities. In this study, the author is interested to collect the data about the characteristics and motivations of volunteer tourists on voluntourism in Widya Guna Foundation, Bedulu Village and Bumi Sehat Foundation, Nyuh Kuning Village, Gianyar Regency, Bali. The purpose of this study is to determine how the characteristics and motivations of volunteer tourists in both foundation in order to inspire other tourists in a choice of responsible tourism. Methods of data collection which been used were observation, questionnaire, interview, and literature study. The results obtained by the data collection are that the characteristics of the volunteer tourists are divided into trip descriptor and tourist descriptor. Based on those descriptors, the volunteer tourists of Widya Guna and Bumi Sehat foundations are classified as discoverers, educators, and learners, befrienders, and investors. Motivations of volunteer tourists are divided into intrinsic motivations and extrinsic motivations. Intrinsically, their motivations are fulfilling a dream, personal growth, and professional development. While extrinsically are the attraction of travel or adventure places around the foundations, cultural exchange/learning, and a chance of broadening horizons. Recommended to governments, local communities, the inhabitants of the foundation, and the volunteer tourists to carry out their respective roles well and comply with the existing regulations in order to create the good impact of voluntourism activities for all parties concerned.

  3. Detection of open water dynamics with ENVISAT ASAR in support of land surface modelling at high latitudes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Bartsch

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Wetlands are generally accepted as being the largest but least well quantified single source of methane (CH4. The extent of wetland or inundation is a key factor controlling methane emissions, both in nature and in the parameterisations used in large-scale land surface and climate models. Satellite-derived datasets of wetland extent are available on the global scale, but the resolution is rather coarse (>25 km. The purpose of the present study is to assess the capability of active microwave sensors to derive inundation dynamics for use in land surface and climate models of the boreal and tundra environments. The focus is on synthetic aperture radar (SAR operating in C-band since, among microwave systems, it has comparably high spatial resolution and data availability, and long-term continuity is expected.

    C-band data from ENVISAT ASAR (Advanced SAR operating in wide swath mode (150 m resolution were investigated and an automated detection procedure for deriving open water fraction has been developed. More than 4000 samples (single acquisitions tiled onto 0.5° grid cells have been analysed for July and August in 2007 and 2008 for a study region in Western Siberia. Simple classification algorithms were applied and found to be robust when the water surface was smooth. Modification of input parameters results in differences below 1 % open water fraction. The major issue to address was the frequent occurrence of waves due to wind and precipitation, which reduces the separability of the water class from other land cover classes. Statistical measures of the backscatter distribution were applied in order to retrieve suitable classification data. The Pearson correlation between each sample dataset and a location specific representation of the bimodal distribution was used. On average only 40 % of acquisitions allow a separation of the open water class. Although satellite data are available every 2–3 days over the Western Siberian

  4. Exploiting Growing Stock Volume Maps for Large Scale Forest Resource Assessment: Cross-Comparisons of ASAR- and PALSAR-Based GSV Estimates with Forest Inventory in Central Siberia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Hüttich

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Growing stock volume is an important biophysical parameter describing the state and dynamics of the Boreal zone. Validation of growing stock volume (GSV maps based on satellite remote sensing is challenging due to the lack of consistent ground reference data. The monitoring and assessment of the remote Russian forest resources of Siberia can only be done by integrating remote sensing techniques and interdisciplinary collaboration. In this paper, we assess the information content of GSV estimates in Central Siberian forests obtained at 25 m from ALOS-PALSAR and 1 km from ENVISAT-ASAR backscatter data. The estimates have been cross-compared with respect to forest inventory data showing 34% relative RMSE for the ASAR-based GSV retrievals and 39.4% for the PALSAR-based estimates of GSV. Fragmentation analyses using a MODIS-based land cover dataset revealed an increase of retrieval error with increasing fragmentation of the landscape. Cross-comparisons of multiple SAR-based GSV estimates helped to detect inconsistencies in the forest inventory data and can support an update of outdated forest inventory stands.

  5. Conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas sobre la malaria en la población indígena guna de la comarca de Madungandí, Panamá, 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margarita Griffith

    2015-12-01

    Conclusión. Dado el limitado conocimiento sobre la malaria y su vector, así como la actitud de colaboración de la población guna, es necesario iniciar programas educativos y de participación comunitaria para mejorar las prácticas de prevención y control en las comunidades, y disminuir así la incidencia de la enfermedad en la comarca de Madungandí.

  6. ENVISAT.MERIS spectral bands and ENVISAT ASAR - discussion on applications of Sentinel 1 and 2 for agriculture in Poland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dabrowska-Zielinska, K.; Budzynska, M.; Tomaszewska, M.; Bartold, M.; Turlej, K.

    2012-04-01

    Presented studies were based on application of ENVISAT MERIS data for assessment of crop conditions in 04.05.2003; 26.04.2007 and 04.09.2004. Sentinel 2 will have better spatial resolution than MERIS and additionally short wave infrared band, but the results of LAI assessment were presented using various indices from MERIS and the same study will be repeated using Sentinel data. Also the indices derived from MERIS were correlated with the ASAR data to indicate the possibilities of LAI assessment using Sentinel 1. The study has been conducted at agricultural region Wielkopolska located in the West part of Poland - The dominating crops are: winter and spring wheat, winter rye, winter and spring triticale, winter and spring barley, winter rape, corn, alfalfa, and sugar beet. Also, grassland area is presented. For the test area ENVISAT.MERIS images has been obtained for the ESA projects: C1P.1427, AOALO.3677, and C1P.7389. Simultaneously to satellite overpasses ground measurement of various soil-vegetation parameters have been carried out including wet and dry biomass taken from 1 m2 (in the laboratory), LAI using LAI-2000 Plant Canopy Analyser, height of the vegetation, and soil moisture using TRIME-FM. These measurements were applied for statistical analysis of parameters with satellite-derived indices. In this article only data for biomass and Leaf Area Index have been used in order to find the relationship between measured and satellite derived index. There has been found the high correlation between biomass and LAI for each of the studied crops, the highest for beet root and alfalfa (R2=0.95 and R2=0.90), the lowest for rape For the statistical analyses between LAI and satellite data the following indices calculated from Meris have been taken into account: 2/8 (443/681), 5/12 (550/779), 10/5 (754/560), 10/9 (754/709), 12/5 (779/560), and using red edge (10-9)/(10+9), using blue spectrum (10-2)/(10+2), (12-8)/(12+8), (13-7)/(13+7). MERIS blue bands are 1-3, green 4

  7. Archaeological prospection of cultural heritage in the Nasca region, Peru, by coupling ENVISAT ASAR 2003-2007 and optical-VHR time series

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tapete, Deodato; Cigna, Francesca; Masini, Nicola; Lasaponara, Rosa

    2013-04-01

    We present the radar-interpretation of a 4year-long stack of ENVISAT ASAR imagery, integrated and cross-validated with optical-Very High Resolution (VHR) data from QuickBird2, GeoEye and WorldView-1/2, and carried out over the cultural and natural heritage of the Nasca region in Southern Peru. This research is performed thanks to the provision of free-access archive SAR data from the European Space Agency (ESA) through the Cat-1 project 11073, and is supporting the activities of the Italian mission of heritage Conservation and Archaeogeophysics (ITACA), which directly involve researchers from the Institute for Archaeological and Monumental Heritage (IBAM) and the Institute of Methodologies for Environmental Analysis (IMAA), National Research Council (CNR) of Italy. The whole ENVISAT ASAR imagery archive, consisting of 8 ASAR IS2 scenes acquired in descending mode between 04/02/2003 and 15/11/2005 and 5 images in ascending mode between 24/07/2005 and 11/11/2007, was processed by exploiting and analyzing SAR amplitude information and change detection to reconstruct the temporal evolution of radar signatures and related backscattering coefficient (σ0) of the targets on the ground in the monitoring period 2003-2007. The selection of a SAR amplitude-based change detection method was made to explore its actual potentials for archaeological prospection and monitoring purposes, complementarily to approaches of interferometric coherence used by other scholars over the same region of investigation. The novel contribution to heritage studies over Nasca includes remote sensing insights into the renowned UNESCO-WHL Nasca geoglyphs and archaeological mounds of the adobe Ceremonial Centre of Cahuachi, as well as the ancient puquios within the Rio Grande drainage basin. The latter are prehispanic underground aqueducts, and nowadays represent not only important cultural features to preserve, but also a potential driver to revitalize waterways and oases in such a dry region

  8. Environmental evolution of the Rio Grande drainage basin and Nasca region (Peru) in 2003-2007 using ENVISAT ASAR and ASTER time series

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cigna, Francesca; Tapete, Deodato; Lasaponara, Rosa; Masini, Nicola

    2013-04-01

    Recent palaeo-environmental studies and remote sensing investigations demonstrated that the Rio Grande drainage basin in Southern Peru is a still evolving landscape, and impacts due to its changes have implications for the preservation of both the natural and cultural features of the Nasca region, well-known for the evidences of the ancient Paracas and Nasca Civilizations, who flourished from the 4th century BC to the 6th century AD. To image the modifications occurred in the last decade, we exploited the entire 4year-long stack of ENVISAT ASAR C-band archive imagery available over the region, which was provided by the European Space Agency (ESA) via the Cat-1 project 11073. The latter supports the activities of the Italian mission of heritage Conservation and Archaeogeophysics (ITACA), which directly involve researchers from the Institute for Archaeological and Monumental Heritage (IBAM) and the Institute of Methodologies for Environmental Analysis (IMAA), National Research Council (CNR) of Italy. With the aim of reconstructing the temporal evolution of the Rio Grande drainage basin and its effects and implications for the heritage of the region, we processed 8 ASAR Image Mode IS2 scenes acquired in descending mode between 04/02/2003 and 15/11/2005 and 5 images in ascending mode between 24/07/2005 and 11/11/2007, and focused on SAR backscattering information, amplitude change detection methods and extraction of ASAR-derived time series of the backscattering coefficient over target areas of interest. The ASAR 2003-2007 analysis was coupled and integrated with NDVI-based soil moisture and vegetation change assessment performed by using ASTER multi-spectral data acquired during the same time frame of the ASAR stacks, on 30/05/2003, 01/06/2004 and 10/06/2007. The research was performed both at the regional scale over the entire Rio Grande drainage basin, with particular focus on its tributaries Rio Ingenio, Rio Nazca and Rio Taruga, and at the local scale over the

  9. TINGKAT KERUSAKAN LINGKUNGAN DI DATARAN TINGGI DIENG SEBAGAI DATABASE GUNA UPAYA KONSERVASI (The Level of Environmental Damage in Dieng Plateau for Database to Conservation Action

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    Sri Ngabekti

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK  Penebangan hutan secara liar guna memperluas area tanaman kentang di wilayah Dieng, berakibat menurunnya tingkat keanekaragaman hayati. Berdasarkan hasil penilaian oleh Balai Konservasi Sumber Daya Alam Jawa Tengah (2001, hanya ditemukan kurang dari 50 jenis tumbuhan per hektar, sehingga dikategorikan sebagai kawasan miskin jenis tumbuhan dan perlu dilakukan upaya untuk mengatasi kerusakan lingkungan di dataran tinggi Dieng melalui konservasi lingkungan. Agar konservasi lingkungan berhasil, perlu adanya database kondisi lingkungan sehingga diperoleh cara konservasi yang tepat. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui tingkat kerusakan di dataran tinggi Dieng sebagai database guna upaya konservasi. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode eksplorasi secara langsung di lokasi penelitian melalui pengamatan, pengukuran, pemetaan, dan wawancara dengan petani dan aparat terkait. variabel yang akan diukur adalah tingkat kerusakan fisik lahan, kerusakan biologis lingkungan, dan aspek demografi, ekonomi, sosial dan budaya masyarakat. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa secara fisik, tingkat kerusakan lahan pertanian semakin parah, sehingga menurunkan produksi kentang di daerah ini. Secara biologis, tingkat keanekaragaman jenis tanaman liar berkisar antara 0,81 – 0,98, dan termasuk kategori rendah. Dari aspek perilaku penduduk dalam upaya konservasi, belum menunjukkan hasil, karena areal tanaman kentang menjadi semakin luas akibat penebangan hutan konservasi. Tingkat kerusakan lingkungan di daataran tinggi Dieng semakin parah, sehingga dapat menurunkan produksi kentang. Saran yang dapat disampaikan adalah perlunya dilakukan upaya pengelolaan dan konservasi kawasan Dataran Tinggi Dieng. Oleh karena kondisi geografisnya, pola usaha pertanian yang dilakukan di Dieng harus diikuti dengan kajian konservasi lahan, perlunya dicari tanaman pengganti kentang yang dapat mencegah terjadinya erosi.   ABSTRACT  Wild deforestation to expand potato cultivation

  10. Two scales of inflation at Lastarria-Cordon del Azufre volcanic complex, central Andes, revealed from ASAR-ENVISAT interferometric data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Froger, J.-L.; Remy, D.; Bonvalot, S.; Legrand, D.

    2007-03-01

    ASAR-ENVISAT Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) data collected over the Lastarria-Cordon del Azufre complex (Chile-Argentina) between March 2003 and May 2005 show the persistence of the large wavelength ground inflation revealed by Pritchard and Simons in 2002 from the analysis of ERS InSAR data [Nature 418 (2002) 167-170]. After reducing the tropospheric contribution in the interferograms using a combination of data network adjustment and analysis of MODIS images, we produced an accurate interferometric time series showing a 2 yr long temporal evolution of the ground displacements patterns. Two distinct inflating signals are detected. The main signal covers an elliptical area with a 45 km NNE-SSW major axis and a 37 km minor axis. It is correlated with a regional topographic dome. We estimated its maximum inflation rate to ˜ 2.5 cm yr - 1 . We inverted the InSAR data for a range of source geometries (spherical, prolate ellipsoids, penny-shaped cracks). The inferred source parameters for 2003-2005 period are consistent with an over-pressured reservoir at shallow to intermediate crustal depths (7-15 km), with an average volumetric rate of inflation of about 14 × 10 6 m 3 yr - 1 . In addition to this main signal a new feature highlighted by the ASAR data is short wavelength inflation (6 km wide) at the location of Lastarria volcano on the northern margin of the large wavelength signal. We explain this short wavelength signal by a spherical over-pressured source lying 1000 m below the summit of Lastarria volcano. We estimate the average volumetric rate of inflation during the observation period to be ˜ 35 × 10 3 m 3 yr - 1 . It is remarkable that both volumetric variations for the large and small inflations exhibit the same evolution during the 2003-2005 period, suggesting that both processes could be related. On the basis of the inversion results and of arguments provided by field evidences and a morpho-structural analysis of the Digital Elevation

  11. KAJIAN KOMUNITAS RAYAP AKIBAT ALIH GUNA HUTAN MENJADI AGROFORESTRI DI TAMAN NASIONAL LORE LINDU, SULAWESI TENGAH (Termites Community Impact of Forest Conversion to Agroforestry in Lore Lindu National Park, Central Sulawesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zulkaidhah Zulkaidhah

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji komunitas rayap akibat alih guna hutan dan hubungannya dengan faktor lingkungan. Penelitian dilaksanakan dari bulan Desember 2011 sampai Juni 2013. Dilaksanakan di wilayah Taman Nasional Lore Lindu di sekitar Desa Rahmat, Kecamatan Palolo, Kabupaten Sigi. Pengamatan rayap dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode transek. Parameter yang diamati adalah parameter lingkungan, iklim mikro, sifat fisik dan kimia tanah. Total diversitas rayap yang ditemukan adalah 20 spesies, yang terdiri dari 15 spesies pada hutan primer, 15 spesies pada hutan sekunder dan 8 spesies pada agroforestri. Biomassa pohon tertinggi pada hutan primer (620,91 Mg/ha, nekromas dan jumlah seresah tertinggi pada hutan sekunder yaitu masing-masing 8,22 Mg/ha dan 19 Mg/ha. Hasil penelitian ini membuktikan bahwa alih guna hutan menjadi agroforestri diikuti oleh perubahan komunitas rayap. Suhu tanah dan suhu udara meningkat setelah alih guna hutan.   ABSTRACT This study was conducted to evaluate the termines community impact forest conversion  and its relation with the environmental factors.  It was conducted from December 2011 to June 2013 and implemented in Lore Lindu National Park located in around of Rahmat village, subdistrict of Palolo, district of Sigi.  The observation of termites community was performed using method of transect.  The measured parameters were environmental parameters, microclimate, and physic and chemical characteristics of the soil.  There were 20 species found totally, consisted of 15 species in primary forest, 15 species in secondary forest, and 8 species in agroforestry.  The highest biomass of tree in primary forest was 620.90 Mg/ha, whereas the necromass and highest amount of litter in secondary forest were respectively 8.22 Mg/ha and 19 Mg/ha.  Land use change in TN.Lore Lindu was alearly followed by the change of termites diversity. The soil and water temperatures were increased.

  12. Use of ENVISAT ASAR Global Monitoring Mode to complement optical data in the mapping of rapid broad-scale flooding in Pakistan

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    D. O'Grady

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Envisat ASAR Global Monitoring Mode (GM data are used to produce maps of the extent of the flooding in Pakistan which are made available to the rapid response effort within 24 h of acquisition. The high temporal frequency and independence of the data from cloud-free skies makes GM data a viable tool for mapping flood waters during those periods where optical satellite data are unavailable, which may be crucial to rapid response disaster planning, where thousands of lives are affected. Image differencing techniques are used, with pre-flood baseline image backscatter values being deducted from target values to eliminate regions with a permanent flood-like radar response due to volume scattering and attenuation, and to highlight the low response caused by specular reflection by open flood water. The effect of local incidence angle on the received signal is mitigated by ensuring that the deducted image is acquired from the same orbit track as the target image. Poor separability of the water class with land in areas beyond the river channels is tackled using a region-growing algorithm which seeks threshold-conformance from seed pixels at the center of the river channels. The resultant mapped extents are tested against MODIS SWIR data where available, with encouraging results.

  13. OIL POLLUTION IN INDONESIAN WATERS: COMBINING STATISTICAL ANALYSES OF ENVISAT ASAR AND SENTINEL-1A C-SAR DATA WITH NUMERICAL TRACER MODELLING

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    M. Gade

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available This Pilot Study aimed at improving the information on the state of the Indonesian marine environment that is gained from satellite data. More than 2000 historical and actual synthetic aperture radar (SAR data from ENVISAT ASAR and Sentinel-1A/B C-SAR, respectively, were used to produce oil pollution density maps of two regions of interest (ROI in Indonesian waters. The normalized spill number and the normalized mean polluted area were calculated, and our findings indicate that in general, the marine oil pollution in both ROI is of different origin: while ship traffic appears to be the main source in the Java Sea, oil production industry causes the highest pollution rates in the Strait of Makassar. In most cases hot spots of marine oil pollution were found in the open sea, and the largest number of oil spills in the Java Sea was found from March to May and from September to December, i.e., during the transition from the north-west monsoon to the south-east monsoon, and vice versa. This is when the overall wind and current patterns change, thereby making oil pollution detection with SAR sensors easier. In support of our SAR image analyses high-resolution numerical forward and backward tracer experiments were performed. Using the previously gained information we identify strongly affected coastal areas (with most oil pollution being driven onshore, but also sensitive parts of major ship traffic lanes (where any oil pollution is likely to be driven into marine protected areas. Our results demonstrate the feasibility of our approach, to combine numerical tracer modelling with (visual SAR image analyses for an assessment of the marine environment in Indonesian waters, and they help in better understanding the observed seasonality.

  14. Spatial and temporal evolution of snow water equivalent in the seasonal snow pack in Hemavan based on field measurements of Snow Accumulation compiled for ASAR validation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ingvander, S. M.; Brown, I.

    2012-12-01

    Estimating the snow water equivalent (SWE) of the seasonal snowpack is key information for the prediction of spring flood rates and the contribution to water reservoirs in Hydro-power production. This is particularly important in Northern Sweden where 40% of the power generation is from hydropower sources (2004). By determining the frequency and amplitude of the landscape topography and in the field measure how snow is accumulated in this landscape we can increase the accuracy of the estimation of SWE in the Swedish mountain regions. Understanding the distribution of snow depth in micro scale (sub meter scale) is our basis for extrapolating the information to kilometre scale based on digital elevation models and weighted by the land cover in the area. The micro scale analysis will then be extrapolated over a larger region by using DEM, remotely sensed data such as ASAR (Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar) C-band, MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) optical data and field data sampled in macro scale (kilometre scale) in reference areas. By establishing the relationship between accumulation patterns and physical parameters in the landscape, atmosphere and the volume area ration in snow melt, a model of accumulation patterns in different types of reference areas can be produced. This information can then be applied to satellite imagery and help the understanding of information in different scales and types of satellite imagery by upscaling from high resolution field data to derive new satellite algorithms. Snow cover mapping is an area of interest on national and international levels with ESA committed to data provision and the data provided in this project will be made available for validation of future ESA projects such as the BIOMASS and CoREH2O project.

  15. Valmiera kunstnikud Viljandis / Guna Kalnaca

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalnaca, Guna

    1998-01-01

    Valmiera kunsti päevadest Viljandis, kus osalevad 5 professionaalset kunstnikku Valmierast : Dace Bluma-portselan, Vineta Dzervite-graafika, Antra Galzons-maalid, Janis Galzons-maalid, Andris Varpa-skulptuurid. Kunstnike loomingu lühitutvustus.

  16. Varying Scale and Capability of Envisat ASAR-WSM, TerraSAR-X Scansar and TerraSAR-X Stripmap Data to Assess Urban Flood Situations: A Case Study of the Mekong Delta in Can Tho Province

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    Stefan Dech

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Earth Observation is a powerful tool for the detection of floods. Microwave sensors are typically favored as they deliver data enabling water detection independent of solar illumination or cloud cover conditions. However, scale issues play an important role in radar based flood mapping. Depending on the flood related phenomenon under investigation, some sensors might be more suitable than others. In this study, we elucidate flood mapping at different spatial scale investigating the capability of Envisat ASAR Wide Swath Mode data at 150 m spatial resolution, as well as TerraSAR-X Scansar and Stripmap data at 8.25 m and 2.5 m resolution to especially assess urban flooding. For this purpose, we evaluate the results of automated multi-temporal water extraction from data sources of different scale against other parameters, such as settlement density, also taking a highly accurate building layer digitized from Quickbird data into consideration. Results reveal that while Envisat ASAR WSM derived flood maps are suitable to support the understanding of general flood patterns in a larger region, high resolution data of sensors such as TerraSAR-X is needed to truly assess urban flooding. However, even radar data of high spatial resolution still shows limitations; mainly in regions with a dense accumulation of corner reflectors leading to effects of layover, foreshortening, and shadowing, and hence the “over radiation” of flood affected areas.

  17. Rice-planted area extraction by time series analysis of ENVISAT ASAR WS data using a phenology-based classification approach: A case study for Red River Delta, Vietnam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, D.; Wagner, W.; Naeimi, V.; Cao, S.

    2015-04-01

    Recent studies have shown the potential of Synthetic Aperture Radars (SAR) for mapping of rice fields and some other vegetation types. For rice field classification, conventional classification techniques have been mostly used including manual threshold-based and supervised classification approaches. The challenge of the threshold-based approach is to find acceptable thresholds to be used for each individual SAR scene. Furthermore, the influence of local incidence angle on backscatter hinders using a single threshold for the entire scene. Similarly, the supervised classification approach requires different training samples for different output classes. In case of rice crop, supervised classification using temporal data requires different training datasets to perform classification procedure which might lead to inconsistent mapping results. In this study we present an automatic method to identify rice crop areas by extracting phonological parameters after performing an empirical regression-based normalization of the backscatter to a reference incidence angle. The method is evaluated in the Red River Delta (RRD), Vietnam using the time series of ENVISAT Advanced SAR (ASAR) Wide Swath (WS) mode data. The results of rice mapping algorithm compared to the reference data indicate the Completeness (User accuracy), Correctness (Producer accuracy) and Quality (Overall accuracies) of 88.8%, 92.5 % and 83.9 % respectively. The total area of the classified rice fields corresponds to the total rice cultivation areas given by the official statistics in Vietnam (R2  0.96). The results indicates that applying a phenology-based classification approach using backscatter time series in optimal incidence angle normalization can achieve high classification accuracies. In addition, the method is not only useful for large scale early mapping of rice fields in the Red River Delta using the current and future C-band Sentinal-1A&B backscatter data but also might be applied for other rice

  18. REKABENTUK MODEL SISTEM GUNA SEMULA AIR WUDHUK

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    Misbahul Muneer Abd Rahman

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Ablution is an essential practice as a Muslim because it is an abligatory requiredto perform prayer. A Muslim use approximately 5 litres of water per singleablution. Approximately, a Muslim use 25 litres of treated water to performablution. Islam categorized the used water produced from an ablution asMusta’mal water. Normally Musta'mal water will be left to flow into the drainagesystem. The accumulated amount of wasted water is significant when it ismeasured at a mosque or surau. The quality of Musta'mal water is far better than the typical quality of the waste water produced from washing activities because there were no oil, grease, soap and dirt except for small quantities ofmiccroorganisms. To overcome this problem, this study focused on thediscussion of reusing ablution water based on Shari'ah law which led to thedevelopment of a system (or model to reuse ablution water. This ablution water reuse system consists of several parts including ablution water collection tanks, filters, storage tanks, filling tank, water pump and water sensor. This system runs automatically using a water pump and water sensor. The study found that the Shari'ah law allow reuse water to be used again as ablution water. Based on this study, it is found that the ablution water reused system is feasible and is able to be produced from the engineering aspect.

  19. SMEX03 ENVISAT ASAR Data, Alabama

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data set is comprised of browse images acquired over the regional study areas of Alabama, Georgia, and Oklahoma USA as part of the 2003 Soil Moisture Experiment...

  20. SMEX04 ENVISAT ASAR Data: Arizona

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data set is comprised of browse images acquired over the regional study area of Arizona, USA for the 2004 Soil Moisture Experiment (SMEX04). The experiment was...

  1. PENTINGNYA PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER BANGSA GUNA MEREVITALISASI KETAHANAN BANGSA

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    E. Dewi Yuliana

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Character education to revitalize the nation’s resilience of nations must be done immediately, because many multi-dimensional crisis are faced by the Indonesian people. Multi-dimensional crisis are attributed by the changing dynamics of world order with the strengthening of globalization. They are also caused by modernization, industrialization, regional autonomy , environmental, moral and intellectual degradations, the potential for conflict between groups (race, ethnicity, religion, as well as by infrastructure Nationality, statehood, and crisis-prone society. Character education aims to optimize the cargo-load of good character and positive (traits, attitudes, and behavior of nobility that became a strong grip and the authorized individual and the nation’s future development. Education is considered very important character both at various levels and occasions, also begins at home, school, up to life in society. Planting the values and spirit implied in Pancasila and Unity in diversity can be developed into a reality in strengthening the national identity. It can be an inspiration to the strengthening of national character education. Thus, the future progress of the nation, especially in matters of national character education should be borne jointly by both countries, communities, and all components of the nation Indonesia.

  2. HASIL GUNA IMUNISASI DASAR DIFTERI DENGAN VAKSIN DPT 2 DOSIS

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    Dyah W. Isbagio

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available A retrospective study on a basic diptheria immunization was done in Tulangan district of East Jawa, involving three hundred ninety two children with various immune status, that say 0,1 and 2 doses of DPT vaccine manufactured by Perum. Bio Farma, Bandung. The study was aimed to measure serological effectiviness 2 of doses of DPT vaccine for inducing immunity against diphtheria in real life situation. Diphtheria antitoxin titre was examined by Passive Haemagglutination Assay on 0,1 ml of capillary blood specimens. The result showed that 2 doses of DPT vaccine given at 1-3 months interval on children of 3—14 months old, were able to induce an adequate immune response on more than 80% of the children. Immune response with 0 and 1 doses of DPT vaccine has also been discussed. The potensial implication of this study result, supported by other study on a various of age, on the administration strategy of booster dose of Td ("adult type" vaccine among school children has also been suggested.

  3. KEBIJAKAN REHABILITASI TERHADAP PENYALAH GUNA NARKOTIKA PADA UNDANG – UNDANG NOMOR 35 TAHUN 2009 TENTANG NARKOTIKA

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    IDA BAGUS PUTU SWADHARMA DIPUTRA

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Positive law states, drug users are criminals because it has met the qualifications in the law of narcotics, narcotic offenses such as drug abuse in the study of criminology can be classified as a crime without a victim or a victimless crime. This is because they will become dependent on illicit goods (narcotics, the way it deems appropriate to cure the addiction is to rehabilitate the victims of drug abuse For law journal writing, the writer uses normative legal research with one character is using secondary data, where the data consists of primary legal materials, legal materials and secondary legal materials tertiary. And the theoretical foundation that is used is the law, norms and theories appropriate to the problem The results reveal the writing on the rehabilitation policy on Narcotics has been strictly regulated in Chapter IX legislation, policies were aimed at drug addicts and victims of drug abuse, arguing that victims of drug abuse is a victim of crime narcotics and therefore the appropriate sanctions to be meted out to him is the rehabilitation of the victims will be able to return to society and become useful

  4. Urgensi Kecerdasan Emosional guna Menentukan Keberhasilan Peserta Didik dalam Proses Pembelajaran

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    agus musodiq

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini diproyeksikan untuk memaparkan kecerdasan emosional yang dimiliki oleh Nabi Musa di dalam Surat al-Qasas. Mengingat bahwa keberhasilan seseorang dalam menggapai suatu keinginan tertentu di dalam kehidupan nyatatidak hanya ditentukan oleh kecerdasan kognitif saja. akan tetapi diperlukan kecerdasan emosional yang  sangat menentukan keberhasilan tersebut. Di dalam teori kecerdasan emosional yang dirumuskan Golemann, terdapat lima dasar kecakapan emosi dan sosial yang  meliputi (1 kesadaran diri. Mengetahui apa yang kita rasakan pada suatu saat dan menggunakannya untuk  mengambil keputusan, (2 penguasaan diri.mampu pulih dari tekanan emosi dengan cepat, (3 motivasi dapat mengendalikan emosi ketika mendapatkan kegagalan, menggerakan hasrat untuk menuju ke sasaran, (4 empati; merasakan apa yang dirasakan oleh orang lain, mampu memahami perspektif mereka, (5 keterampilan sosial; menangani emosi dengan baik ketika berhubungan dengan orang lain dengan cermat memahami situasi dan jaringan social. penelitian ini juga akan dibantu dengan teori semiotika Charles S. Peirce untuk dapat menganalisi tanda bahasa yang menggambarkan kecerdasan emosional Nabi Musa as. Berdasarkan penelitian yang telah dilakukan, diketahui bahwa Allah menggambarkan kecerdasan emosional dan sosial pada diri Nabi Musa secara berurutan, yakni dimulai dari ayat ke 14 hingga ayat ke 35. Nabi Musa yang dikirim Allah untuk membimbing dan memimpin Bani Israil dibekali dengan kecerdasan emosional dan sosial yang sangat mengagumkan. Beliau dapat memotivasi dirinya sendiri, berempati, dapat mengurangi keagresifan diri, dan kemampuan-kemampuan lain yang membantu Musa “berprestasi” dalam memimpin Bani Israil, terlepas dari penafsiran, dan anggapan lain yang bertentangan dengan apa yang diinterpretasikan oleh peneliti. Dengan demikian dapat disimpulkan bahwa makna argument dari kisah Musa di dalam Surat al-Qasas adalah seluruh pemimpin yang “berprestasi” memiliki kecerdasan emosional dan sosial. Kata Kunci: Kecerdasan Emosional, Proses Pembelajaran.

  5. Penerapan Teknologi Tepat Guna Padi Sawah Spesifik Lokasi di Dusun Ponggok, Trimulyo, Jetis, Bantul

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    Sri Nuryani Hidayah Utami

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The role of technology is very important in supporting improvement of agricultural production. The high-tech strategic role was demonstrated by the success in achieving increased production of rice within the last 35 years is the contribution of the application of more advanced technology. Mosher et al. (2003 put technology as an essential condition for agricultural development. If there is no change in the technological development of agriculture was halted. Production halted the increase, it may even decline because of declining fertility tannic or because of damage increased by pest play an increasingly rampant. A view to changing the technology, can be interpreted as an adaptive technology on the condition of the biophysical and social environment of the local culture. Practical application of specific technologies by farmers, for example how farmers adjust to the conditions of cultivation of local agro-ecosystem forming a specific production system on irrigated land, rainfed lowland, upland, swampy areas, and tidal. Choice according to agro-ecosystem farmers are adapting cultivation is calibration-specific technologies. It’s caused each commodity grows well on climatic conditions, soil and culture-specific social support. Community service activities has been implementing the specific technology that is enriched with appropriate technology research team of the Faculty of Agriculture of UGM by utilizing site-specific conditions of Ponggok Hamlet, Trimulyo, Jetis, Bantul, which have ingredients that can be used for making fertilizer and also wisdom locations in rice cultivation which has been done by farmers for generations. Community Service Team of Faculty of Agriculture, UGM during 2013-2015 had engaged in community service based on the results of research and appropriate technologies in Ponggok Hamlet, for 2 seasons seen significant progress and participation of farmers. In 2013 the results of the demonstration plot tile average of 6.8 tons/ha, after continuous mentoring and counseling in 2014 the results of tile becomes 7.8 to 9.8 tons/ha. Activities application of appropriate technology in a farmer’s land is not easy. Although guidance and counseling has been done before, but not all farmers want and dare to carry out all of the technology that is recommended because it is still in doubt, especially with regard to plant spacing, seed age and the number of seedlings planted. In 2015, a technology package has been introduced covering healthy seedlings, planting system “footprint tiger”, “tajarwo”, homemade compost with waste around the site and biological fertilizers. The results of the application of specific technologies in the growing season of April to July 2015 showed an increase in rice production, but the farmer as a principal factor remains the key to successful application of the technology.

  6. PEMAKAIAN E-COMMERCE UNTUK USAHA KECIL DAN MENENGAH GUNA MENINGKATKAN DAYA SAING

    OpenAIRE

    Julisar; Eka Miranda

    2013-01-01

    One key to the success of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) is the availability of a clear market for the products. Meanwhile, the fundamental weaknesses faced by SMEs in marketing are low market orientation, weakness in a complex and sharp competition and inadequate marketing infrastructure. Faced with an increasingly open market mechanisms and competitive, market control is prerequisite for improving competitiveness. Therefore, expansion of market access with Web-based Information Technol...

  7. PERANCANGAN VIRTUAL PRIVATE NETWORK DENGAN SERVER LINUX PADA PT. DHARMA GUNA SAKTI

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    Siswa Trihadi

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Purpose of this research is to analyze and design a network between head and branch office, andcompany mobile user, which can be used to increase performance and effectiveness of company in doingtheir business process. There were 3 main methods used in this research, which were: library study, analysis,and design method. Library study method was done by searching theoretical sources, knowledge, and otherinformation from books, articles in library, and internet pages. Analysis method was done by doing anobservation on company network, and an interview to acquire description of current business process andidentify problems which can be solved by using a network technology. Meanwhile, the design method wasdone by making a topology network diagram, and determining elements needed to design a VPN technology,then suggesting a configuration system, and testing to know whether the suggested system could run well ornot. The result is that network between the head and branch office, and the mobile user can be connectedsuccessfully using a VPN technology. In conclusion, with the connected network between the head andbranch office can create a centralization of company database, and a suggested VPN network has run well byencapsulating data packages had been sent.Keywords: network, Virtual Private Network (VPN, library study, analysis, design

  8. Lactobacillus bulgaricus Sebagai Probiotik Guna Peningkatan Kualitas Ampas Tahu Untuk Pakan Cacing Tanah

    OpenAIRE

    Purkan, Purkan

    2017-01-01

    AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan aktivitas protease dari probiotik Lactobacillus bulgaricus dan pengaruh probiotik Lactobacillus bulgaricus dalam fermentasi pakan ampas tahu untuk meningkatkan produktivitas cacing tanah. Metode yang digunakan untuk penentuan aktivitas protease dalam hidrolisis substrat kasein adalah metode Bradford. Dari hasil penelitian, probiotik Lactobacillus bulgaricus mengeluarkan protease selama 18 jam pertumbuhan, dengan aktivitas protease sebesar 131,0...

  9. Peran Vital Penelusuran Aset Guna Menentukan Besaran Pidana Tambahan Uang Pengganti Terhadap Koruptor

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    Bagus Widipradnyana Arjaya

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: The imposition of additional criminal restitution is one distinguishing feature of corruption with other criminal offenses. In practice points verdict compensation often at variance with the prosecution, because of the inability to prove liability for compensation to be paid. Moreover, when the execution court decision found the fact that the property owned by the convicted person is not sufficient for compensation. It is necessary for traceability measures assets resulting from corruption in the possession of criminals, so that the prosecution has a strong foundation, so that the judges who examine and decide the case can be assured as well as the execution of the judgment can be up to reimburse the state, without the reverse charge state with the imposition subsidiair prison active replacement. Abstrak: Pengenaan pidana tambahan uang pengganti merupakan salah satu ciri pembeda tindak pidana korupsi dengan tindak pidana lainnya. Dalam praktiknya poin putusan uang pengganti sering kali berbeda dengan tuntutan jaksa, karena tidak dapat dibuktikannya kewajiban pembayaran uang pengganti yang harus dibayarkan. Selain itu, saat melakukan eksekusi putusan pengadilan ditemukan fakta bahwa harta yang dimiliki oleh terpidana tidak mencukupi pembayaran uang pengganti. Untuk itu diperlukantindakan penelusuran aset hasil korupsi yang berada dalam penguasaan koruptor, agar tuntutan jaksa memiliki dasar yang kuat, sehingga hakim yang memeriksa dan memutus perkara dapat teryakini serta pelaksanaan eksekusi putusan dapat maksimal mengembalikan uang negara, tanpa sebaliknya membebankan negara dengan pengenaan subsidiair penjara pengganti yang aktif. DOI: 10.15408/jch.v4i1.2656

  10. PENYUSUNAN PANDUAN EDUTOURISM HUTAN WISATA TLOGO NIRMOLO GUNA MEMUNCULKAN KARAKTER PESERTA DIDIK KELAS X

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    Destri Ratna Ma’rifah

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk: (1 menghasilkan panduan pembelajaran yang layak digunakan sebagai alternatif sumber belajar biologi di tinjau dari aspek materi/isi, penyajian, kebahasaan, dan kegrafisan; (2 mengetahui keefektifan panduan dalam memunculkan karakter positif peserta didik (bersahabat/komunikatif, tanggung jawab, dan peduli lingkungan selama kegiatan; dan (3 mengetahui peningkatan pemahaman peserta didik pada materi keanekaragaman lichen dan tumbuhan paku serta lingkungannya. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian dan pengembangan dengan model 4D (define, design, develop, disseminate. Data hasil penilaian panduan, keterlaksanaan kegiatan, dan kemunculan indikator karakter peserta didik dianalisis secara deskriptif kuantitatif. Saran pengembangan produk dan saran untuk pelaksanaan kegiatan dianalisis secara deskriptif kualitatif. Data skor pemahaman dinalaisis dengan teknik gain score. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: (1 panduan belajar layak digunakan sebagai alternatif sumber belajar biologi ditinjau dari aspek materi/isi, penyajian, kebahasaan, dan kegrafisan; (2 panduan belajar secara efektif memunculkan karakter peserta didik (bersahabat/komunikatif, tanggung jawab, dan peduli lingkungan selama berkegiatan; dan (3 panduan belajar dapat meningkatkan pemahaman peserta didik pada materi keanekaragaman lichen dan tumbuhan paku serta lingkungannya. Kata kunci: panduan, edutourism   DEVELOPING EDUTOURISM GUIDES HUTAN WISATA TLOGO NIRMOLO TO ACTUALIZE STUDENT CHARACTER OF GRADE X Abstract This study aims to: (1 developing a suitable learning guides which used as an alternative source of learning biology in terms of the material/content, presentation, linguistic, and graphics components; (2 determine the effectiveness of the guides in eliciting positive behavior of students (friendly/communicative, responsibility, and care for the environment during activities; and (3 determine student’s improvement understanding of diversity of lichen and ferns as well as the environment. This study is a research and development with the 4D model (define, design, develop, disseminate. Data assessment the guides, activities enforceability, and the actualization of a character indicator learners analyzed quantitatively. Product development advice and suggestions for the implementation of analyzed qualitatively. The results show that: (1 the learning guides was considered very good in terms of material/content, presentation, linguistics, and graphics components; (2 during the activities, learners could actualize character of friendly/communicative, responsible, and care for the environment very positively; and (3 the learning guides could improve learner’s understanding of biodiversity of lichen and fern as well as its surroundings. Keywords: the leraning guides, edutourism

  11. Peran Pemangku Kepentingan Dalam Pembentukan Komunitas Guna Mencapai Ketahanan Sosial Ekonomi Masyarakat

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    Irine Kusumatantya

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Climate change has become one of the global issues which affect various aspects of life, such as a rise in sea levels that results in flood and tidal flood. Adaptation measures need to be done in order to overcome the susceptibilities. It will be more efficient and effective if the adaptation measures are conducted communally through community development. However, the limited access and resources make people difficult to adapt. Therefore, the intervention of other stakeholders is needed in order to create access and to mobilize society in the community development. Unlike developed countries, society participation in developing countries still needs to be mobilized through the intervention of some stakeholders. Every stakeholder has different task, function, and responsibility so that they can complete each other. The stakeholders which are involved in community development come from three sectors, that are government, non-governmental institutions, and society in the community itself. In doing their role, the stakeholders may not work properly. The role dysfunction will have negative effects on the sustainability of the formed community. One of the examples is the establishment of housing saving group in Panjang Baru district, Pekalongan. In its process, the role dysfunction occurs. It results in the stagnant community development which weakens socio-economic resilience of the society built through the development of that housing saving group.

  12. Pengaruh Keberadaan Universitas Haluoleo Terhadap Perubahan Tata Guna Lahan Di Kawasan Andonuohu Kota Kendari

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    Afriani Amiruddin

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available University provides educational services for people in a country. The existence of the university may indirectly affect the development of a region marked by numerous changes in land use. A change in land use can also be caused by a concentration of activity in a region. Haluoleo University is a public university located at Andonuohu Kendari (South East Sulawesi. In a region of Kendari, Andonuohu serves as a center of education. Dense population in this area due to the existence of this university can attract people outside of Kendari who want to continue their education at the university. This study purposed to determine the effect of the presence of the university to changes in surrounding land use. This study will be conducted several analyzes in which to perform analyzes using multiple variables are the type of land use, land use and size distribution of land use. The analysis used in this study is the analysis of the emerging system of activities, analysis of the relationship between activity system and analyzes land use change land use changes that occur due to the emergence of system activity. Analysis technique used is descriptive qualitative. The existence of the university system resulted in many activities that support the existence of private universities such as activities, economic, social and leisure travelers. System activity caused most of the land surrounding the university have that implicates changes in land up. Changes in land use occurs which is the number of green open space, open land and farms being turned into residential land and trade and services. However, changes in land which has resulted in physical changes toward a less well as the establishment of several trade and some irregular settlements. This system of activities that appear to have the main goal is to meet the needs of students so can be concluded that the emergence of a wide range of activities is a result of the presence of Haluoleo University. The advent of the existing system of activity can bring huge profits and can indirectly increase the region's economy. The existence of this university have an impact on land use change, where change of land that looks like a rapidly growing field of trade and service activities, recreation and support as many area shops along the main road to the campus that is the way MT. Haryono and road HME AH.Nasution Mokodompit with approximately about 13.7 hectares of area. Land settlement has also increased due to the presence of the university as more and more people, especially students who need housing. The settlement of the land is 135.3 hectares. If the comparison between 2006 to 2010 trade and service area in 2006 is equal to 5.9 ha to 13.7 ha, while for the settlement of 104.3 hectares of land in 2006 to 135.3 ha. After analysis, we can conclude that the great land of each system can be said that the activities of approximately 15.34% of land settlements, trade and service area of about 1.10%, recreational land approximately 0.062% and 0.39% of the land area. Distribution of each system activity occupies two villages namely Lalolara Village and Village Kambu where development activity reached a radius of approximately 2 km from the University of Haluoleo. As can be recommended through this research that is aimed at community and government. Recommendations for the community itself is the need for public awareness, especially for business people to build businesses with the proper conditions to make it look organized and the anticipation for the community, especially for business people to deal with things like theft and others. while the government is the existence of government regulations on building permits so that trade and services appear more regularly and the structuring of economic activity, especially along the road Mokodompit HME. Some of these recommendations purposed for the influence or impact caused by land use changes due to developments in economic activity caused by the presence of Haluoleo University.

  13. Analisis Kebijakan Perluasan Produk Yang Efektif Guna Meningkatkan Pendapatan Pada Garuda Plaza Hotel

    OpenAIRE

    Firmansyah, Edy

    2015-01-01

    Product extention policy can be said as branding policies, or building a brand, which for the policy is always done by the product lines extention, brand extention, brand development and new brand development. Product extention by Garuda Plaza Hotel has not satisfactory. This can be seen from the growth of customer number who come the hotel still low, where Bed Occupancy Rate in services between 2009-2013 increased by 5,3%, so that level of income increased only 4,2%. This can be seen from...

  14. Dampak Kompetensi Key user ERP terhadap Kinerja Inovasi dan Kinerja Kualitas Guna Meningkatkan Kinerja Organisasi

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    Zeplin Jiwa Husada Tarigan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Implementation EntERPrise Resource Planning (ERP requires user key to have a reliable competency especially in personnel management. For this study, a survey was conducted using interviews technique and distributing questionnaires to 80 manufacturing industry practitioners, with response rate 88.75%. Additionally, the data analysis was done using PLS with Jawa Web Start program. The findings of the research are: There is no influence between knowledge and skill in quality performance and innovation performance in improving the performance of the company while implementing the technology of ERP. Personality Characteristics affect the increase of quality performance and innovation in the improvement of the company's performance while implementing ERP technology. Demonstrable Performance effect the increase in the quality of performance and innovation in improving the company's performance while implementing ERP technology. Innovation performance and Quality performance together have a direct impact on enhancing the performance of companies while implementing ERP technology.

  15. IMPLEMENTASI METODE QUALITY FUNCTION DEPLOYMENT (QFD GUNA MENINGKATKAN KUALITAS KAIN BATIK TULIS

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    Jono Jono

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Pemilihan dan pengoptimalan suatu metode yang lebih baik untuk meningkatkan mutu suatu produk atau jasa yang dihasilkan sangat diperlukan oleh perusahaan dewasa ini. Dalam permasalahan ini yang penting untuk diperhatikan oleh suatu perusahaan adalah kesesuaian suatu produk atau jasa yang dihasilkan dengan keinginan dan kepuasan konsumen sehingga dapat berkelanjutan menjadi pelanggan. Salah satu metode untuk mengetahui kebutuhan dan keinginan pelangan adalah Quality Function Deployment. Metode ini digunakan oleh industri batik di Nambangan Lor Kotamadya Madiun untuk menentukan technical respon yang harus dilakukan.

  16. TATA GUNA LAHAN DALAM TINJAUAN PENYUSUNAN KEBIJAKAN DAN PENGELOLAANNYA SECARA ISLAMI

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    Aldrin Yusuf Firmansyah

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Land use is still one of the key elements of urban design. It determines the basic two dimensional plans on which three dimensional spaces are created and functions are performed. Urban is also a fusion of architecture, economics, history, geography, politics and religion. This entire aspects make a city has complex form. Islam as an amalgamation on community life, it contributes urban order include policy and management of land use. This paper has a purpose to explore Islamic contribution on arrangement of land use policy and management, from philosophical level to operational level. This paper uses methodical interpretative-historical research. It means investigations into social-physical phenomena that are a past condition, within complex contexts, with a view toward explaining those phenomena in narrative form and in a holistic fashion.

  17. Analisa Lean Service Guna Mengurangi Waste Pada Perusahaan Daerah Air Minum Banyuwangi

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    Harliwantip

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Lean service digunakan sebagai pendekatan untuk membuat suatu sistem service internal yang efektif sehingga bisa dipastikan informasi-informasi penting bisa sampai ke konsumen dengan cepat dan dengan pelayanan yang efektif. Tingkat pelayanan pada PDAM Banyuwangi rendah dan tingkat kehilangan air (uncounted water yang tinggi. Oleh karena itu tujuan penelitian ini mengidentifikasi waste dan mengetahui waste kritis yang terjadi dalam proses jasa di PDAM. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian menggunakan Big Picture Mapping dan Root cause analysis dalam mencari penyebab waste. Adapun Waste yang terjadi yaitu 1Over Production, 2Defect, 3Unnecessary Inventory, 4 Inappropriate Processing, 5Excessive Transportation, 6Waiting, 7Unnecessary Motion. Sedangkan waste kritis yang terjadi pada proses layanan yaitu waiting dengan bobot 0,21. Waste waiting disebabkan karena delay tenaga mekanik, delay material perbaikan, delay perbaikan jalur pipa yang melewati ruang publik. Dengan mengetahui jenis waste dan waste kritis di PDAM diharapkan dapat mengurangi waste dan kepuasan konsumen terpenuhi.

  18. Penerapan Metode "Guided Teaching" Dalam Pembelajaran Kooperatif Guna Meningkatkan Prestasi Belajar Ekonomi Siswa SMKN 2 Madiun

    OpenAIRE

    Jatiman, Jatiman

    2015-01-01

    This research serves objectives as: 1) to identify whether Guided Teaching technique able to upgrade the students’ achievement. 2) to depict the process of teaching and learning under Guided Teaching technique. 3) to describe the teachers efforts to upgrade the students’ achievement under Guided Teaching technique.This research os carried out under the classroom action research design, with 34 students of grade XII PJ 1 as the research subjects. The 2 cycles design of this research is attempt...

  19. PENTINGNYA PERPUSTAKAAN MAYA GUNA MENDUKUNG KEBERHASILAN PROSES BELAJAR MENGAJAR DI SEKOLAH MENENGAH KEJURUAN

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    Darwis Sembiring

    2016-05-01

    Abstract                 Learning process at schools today experiences a significant change. Students bearing the role as a n object have changed into a subject of learning. A teaching paradigm as previously practiced should now be changed into a learning paradigm. This phenomenon brings with it a change in paradigm and thus leads to the shifting of role from pupils to learners. Consequently, learners should make every effort to actively adopt a learning style of independence in that making use of various kinds of information mostly by themselves takes place. In this sense, library serves to be a learning facility giving support to the learning process. Therefore, library functions should also be changed significantly: from providing supportive services to a partner. The change in a role played by library makes it possible for the services given through a virtual library to develop its importance. Part of the reason is that there works newness in sharing facilities, efficiency, and accessible any time. The existence of a virtual library proves to be effective because vocational school students in average are familiar with information technology. Activities worth doing in the process of learning include online discussion on a case involving several vocational schools, discussion on a case or an interesting topic with a teacher in a forum, doing tasks from which materials are generated from a Web-based virtual library, any extra-curricular activities having to do with learning, and holding events on education relating to web-based virtual library. In running the services of the virtual library, collaboration with SMK (Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan -Vocational Schools, ICT Centers, PPPTK/LPMP, Certification Institution, conventional libraries, and  industries/business world is expected.               Key words: learning, virtual lilbrary, Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan                                 (SMK – Vocational    Schools

  20. PENTINGNYA PROMOSI GUNA MENINGKATKAN MINAT WISATAWAN WISATA SEJARAH DI KOTA LAMA SEMARANG

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    Dewi Hermin Sutanto

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The tourism industry has excellent prospects in moving the economy that can reliably increase the revenue of the country, broaden and flatten the opportunity to strive and their new jobs for people, especially stakeholder in tourism. Development of tourism in Indonesia is not separated from the development in each area in Indonesia. One of them is Semarang, Central Java, which has the rich culture and history that can be used as a tourist attractions. One area that is currently being intensively developed, exploring the potential of Semarang, giving the opportunities for tourism businesses for the society in Central Java. The purpose of this research is to determine how far the importene of promotion to increase tourist interest in history tourism at old town Semarang. The result of the questionnaire which addressed to domestic tourist, the writer condude as follows: 1 circumstances and historical tourism potential of old city in Semarang is very attractive for the visitors, but in terms of management and the facilities both of them are need to be improved, 2 Human resources is less skilled and less experienced in tourism so they need to train their skill to participate in developing the potential and visitors attractions. The method used is descriptive method by collecting data and identifity the problems that exist in old town Semarang.

  1. IMPLEMENTASI SISTEM OTENTIKASI PADA PENGGUNA JARINGAN HOTSPOT DI UNIVERSITAS KANJURUHAN MALANG GUNA MENINGKATKAN KEAMANAN JARINGAN KOMPUTER

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    Yusriel Ardian

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The number of client server applications using both desktop and WEB Application makes every user must have a lot of user id and password that must be memorized, because each application must require authentication in order to utilize the application for security reasons. Besides the development of network media is also growing use of both wired and wireless. From the above explanation RADIUS technology is desperately needed in the case described above, since the RADIUS method allows a user simply has a userID for access to multiple applications, both desktop and WEB application. RADIUS can also integrated method of wired and wireless media.

  2. PENGEMBANGAN TEKNOLOGI TEPAT GUNA DIAGNOSTIK SEDERHANA PELAYANAN KESEHATAN GIGI DENGAN PERAN SERTA GURU UKGS

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    Niniek L. Pratiwi

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The design of this study was intervention, location of the study area consist of 3 Health centers at Greslk regency, East Java. The respondents were all Dental Health Teachers (Guru UKGS for elementary school at the study area. The intervention covered training used hand and guidance book and simple diagnostics technology had been applied. The Dental health card filled by the teachers their referred to Health centers. The result shown that the teachers skill improved for early detection dental caries. The sensitivity and spesifisity of the dental caries for early detection caries were 90.5% and 85.6% respectively. The teachers also can found detections such as: calculus and gingivitis cases, this is supported for health imployers are early preventive dental care. The coverage of dental care at Health centers increate by 23.5% in average caused by referred cases by the trained Dental helth teachers. The beneficiaus of this intervention can reduce dental caries morbidities for child elementary school.   Keywords: simple diagnostic technology, dental health teachers

  3. PEMODELAN EKONOMETRIK GUNA PENGEMBANGAN DAYA SAING EKSPOR AGROINDUSTRI LEMAK DAN BUBUK KAKAO DI INDONESIA

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    Jono M. Munandar

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 st1\\:*{behavior:url(#ieooui } /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} As the country continues efforts  to liberate its market, Indonesias cocoa agroindustries now face a tough competition from industries of developed countries. Many of these industries had already felt the impact of their lack of competitiveness, causing them to lose their marketshare. The objective of this research is to analyze and identify the key determinants of cocoa agroidustry export competitiveness and build an econometric model. Furthermore this research also attempts to forecast the export competitiveness of Indonesian cocoa agroindustries. Results of econometric analysis showed that factors such as: exchange rate index, prices of related commodities, technological advances, per-capita income of Indonesia, and per-capita income of importing countries are factors influencing the export competitiveness of cocoa butter. While cocoa powder export competitiveness is influenced by exchange rate, interest rate, degree of trade liberalization, price of related goods, per-capita income of Indonesia, and per-capita income of importing countries. Furthermore it is forecasted that both commodities of the industry would expirience an increase of export competitiveness in the future.

  4. PENGUKURAN KINERJA MESIN PRODUKSI MENGGUNAKAN METODE OVERALL THROUGHPUT EFFECTIVENESS GUNA MENINGKATKAN HASIL PRODUKSI DI PT XYZ

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    Sigit Wahono

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available PT XYZ is one manufacturing company engaged in the production of animal feed. In the production process sometimes product results does not comply with the requests received by the company. There are many factors which could this problem happened. One of them is less than the maximum engine performance production caused by high downtime on a production machine. To find out how well the performance of a production machine, then it is held a performance assessment by using Overall Throughput Effectiveness (OTE method.Overall Throughput Effectiveness calculations performed on the line pellet machine was obtained 48.97%. This value is still far to the standard value desired by the company which is 70%. For performance improvement can be done by improving the engine damaged and analyzed by using Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA. From the analysis showed that the failure modes of root dies breaking up with the value of the RPN 224 is a damage that must be repaired immediately because obtaining the highest RPN value compared to other failure modes.

  5. Analisis Kinerja DPKAD Dalam Pengelolaan Pajak Hotel Guna Meningkatkan Kontribusi Terhadap Pendapatan Asli Daerah Kota Semarang

    OpenAIRE

    Ardiansyah, Fandi; Kushandayani; Purwoko

    2015-01-01

    The hotel tax is one source of income region has considerable potential .The management of the potential of the hotel tax will certainly impact on a good contribution to local revenue itself .Business growth rapidly in the city hotel of semarang supposed to be opportunities for enhancing local income tax sector in the city of semarang .It is certainly demanding more from Dinas Pengelolaan Keuangan dan Aset Daerah can dig in and keep potential of semarang city hotel tax .This study using metho...

  6. Pemakaian E-Commerce untuk Usaha Kecil dan Menengah Guna Meningkatkan Daya Saing

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    Julisar Julisar

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available One key to the success of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs is the availability of a clear market for the products. Meanwhile, the fundamental weaknesses faced by SMEs in marketing are low market orientation, weakness in a complex and sharp competition and inadequate marketing infrastructure. Faced with an increasingly open market mechanisms and competitive, market control is prerequisite for improving competitiveness. Therefore, expansion of market access with Web-based Information Technology is now needed as a medium for global communication. One thing that gives a competitive advantage in international trade competition is information technology of electronic commerce or e-commerce. This paper shows the important role of e-commerce for SMEs in Indonesia and how to model the development of e-commerce. This paper intends to show the important role of e-commerce for SMEs in Indonesia and how to model the development of ecommerce.

  7. IMPLEMENTASI REHABILITASI TERHADAP ANAK PENYALAH GUNA NARKOTIKA (Studi di Wilayah Kepolisian Daerah Lampung

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    Ibrahim Fikma Edrisy

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The implementation of rehabilitation on underage narcotics users based on state regulation of narcotics, an addicts narcotics users is obliged to take a rehabilitation process, but this policy has never been applied, most of the underage narcotics users were sentenced to be put in jail than taking rehabilitation. The formulation of the problem in this thesis is: why is the implementation of rehabilitation on underage narcotics users so low. What is the problem with implementing rehabilitation on underage narcotics users? What do the police at Polda Lampung do on underage narcotics users? The result of the research show that the implementation of rehabilitation on underage narcotics users is not in line with state regulations, they are government policy, policy of health minister on technical regulation on medical rehabilitation for the drugs addicts, drugs users, and victim of drugs users, which stated that the underage narcotics users is supposed to be put in rehabilitation but this rule has never been applied on, most of the underage narcotics users were put in jail than on rehabilitation. The problem on rehabilitation is affected by some factors like law structure of Direktorat Narkoba Polda Lampung on the implementation of rehabilitation is not optimal, law culture on the level of obedience of the society about the law is not optimal, and the effort of Kepolisian Daerah Lampung in solving the underage narcotics users is through preemptive, preventive, and repressive way. Keywords: Rehabilitation, Under Age, Narcotics Abstrak Pelaksanaan rehabilitasi pengguna narkotika di bawah umur berdasarkan peraturan negara narkotika, pengguna pecandu narkotika wajib mengambil proses rehabilitasi, tetapi kebijakan ini belum pernah diterapkan, sebagian besar narkotika di bawah umur pengguna dihukum untuk diletakkan di penjara daripada mengambil rehabilitasi. Rumusan masalah dalam skripsi ini adalah: mengapa pelaksanaan rehabilitasi pada narkotika pengguna di bawah umur sangat rendah. Apa masalah dengan melaksanakan rehabilitasi pada pengguna narkotika di bawah umur? Apa yang polisi di Polda Lampung lakukan pada pengguna narkotika di bawah umur? Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pelaksanaan rehabilitasi pada pengguna narkotika di bawah umur tidak sejalan dengan peraturan negara, mereka kebijakan pemerintah, kebijakan menteri kesehatan pada regulasi teknis rehabilitasi medis untuk pecandu obat, pengguna narkoba, dan korban narkoba pengguna, yang menyatakan bahwa pengguna narkotika di bawah umur seharusnya dimasukkan ke dalam rehabilitasi tapi aturan ini belum pernah diterapkan pada, sebagian besar pengguna narkotika di bawah umur yang dimasukkan ke dalam penjara dari pada rehabilitasi. Masalah rehabilitasi dipengaruhi oleh beberapa faktor seperti struktur hukum Direktorat Narkoba Polda Lampung pada pelaksanaan rehabilitasi tidak optimal, budaya hukum pada tingkat kepatuhan masyarakat tentang hukum tidak optimal, dan upaya Kepolisian Daerah Lampung dalam memecahkan pengguna narkotika di bawah umur adalah melalui cara preemptive, preventif, dan represif. Kata Kunci: Rehabilitasi, di Bawah Umur, Narkotika

  8. PENGEMBANGAN MEDIA PERMAINAN TRUTH AND DARE BERVISI SETS GUNA MEMOTIVASI BELAJAR SISWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mita Rosyda Attaqiana

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini menggunakan media kartu permainan Truth and Dare bervisi SETS yang mengajak siswa untuk dapat menghubungkan dan mengkaitkan antara sains, teknologi, serta dampak pada lingkungan dan masyarakat. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui kelayakan, kepraktisan, dan keefektifan media permainan Truth and Dare bervisi SETS dalam pembelajaran kimia larutan penyangga. Desain penelitian yang digunakan yaitu Four-D Models yang disederhanakan menjadi Three-D Model, terdiri dari Define, Design, and Develop. Kelayakan awal media ditentukan oleh ahli media dan ahli materi yang terdiri dari dosen dan guru kimia. Kelayakan akhir media ditentukan dengan melibatkan hasil penelitian. Keefektifan media ditentukan dari hasil post test dan hasil angket motivasi belajar siswa. Kepraktisan media dilihat dari hasil angket tanggapan siswa dan guru terhadap penggunaan media permainan Truth and Dare bervisi SETS. Berdasarkan hasil validasi awal ahli media, ahli materi, analisis hasil penelitian, media dinyatakan sangat layak untuk pembelajaran kimia. Hasil analisis angket tanggapan siswa dan guru menyatakan bahwa media termasuk dalam kategori sangat praktis. Media dinyatakan efektif karena dapat membantu 35 dari 42 siswa mencapai nilai Kriteria Ketuntasan Minimal (KKM. Hal itu melebihi harapan 30 dari 42 siswa mencapai KKM. Oleh karena itu dapat disimpulkan bahwa media permainan Truth and Dare bervisi SETS dapat memotivasi belajar siswa untuk mencapai kompetensi dasar larutan penyangga.This research is using a game card media of Truth and Dare with SETS vision that invites students to be able to connect and relate between science, technology, and the impact on the environment and society. The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility, practicality, and effectiveness of media visionary game of Truth and Dare SETS in chemistry learning of buffer solution. The study used Four-Design model which was reduced into Three-D Model consisting of Define, Design, and Develop stages. The preliminary feasibility of the media was determined by media experts and learning materials experts consisting of chemistry lecturerers and a chemistry teacher. The final feasibility of the media was determined based on the supporting data from the study. The media effectiveness was determined from the results of the post-test and the feedbacks of students' learning motivation questionnaires. The practicality of the media was determined based on the responses of the questionnaires given to students and teachers in using the game for learning. Based on the results of expert validation and the results of the field testing of the media, it can be concluded that media was quite feasible for chemistry learning. The results of the analysis of the student responses and teachers on the delivered questionnaires showed that the media can be classified into very practical. The tried out media can be considerred as effective because 35 of the 42 students achieving Minimal Mastery Criteria (MMC. This is more than the expected that 30 out of 42 students should achieve the MMC. Therefore, it can be concluded that the Truth and Dare game media that feature SETS vision can motivate student learning to achieve the minimal mastery on the competency related to buffer solution material.

  9. MANAJEMEN RISIKO TRANSAKSI DAN PENCAIRAN TRAVELLER’S CHEQUE GUNA PENCEGAHAN TINDAK PIDANA DI BIDANG PERBANKAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hassanain Haykal

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Bank in carrying out all its activities tied to various banking regulations, including the principles and fundamental principles in banking law. In conducting its operations, the bank will continue to deal with the risk that risk management systems and the application of the precautionary principle should be applied consistently. At now, the development of banking products and services is growing rapidly. In payment traffic, the currently known range of payment instrument issued by a bank, including the Travel Cheque. Flexibility of Travel Checks lead easily abused and used as a means of conducting illegal transactions. Travel Checks are commonly abused as a means of conducting a criminal act such as bribery, graft acceptance, and as a means of laundering money. Keywords : Risk Management, Traveller’s Cheque, Crime in Banking.

  10. Study on offshore wind farm wakes based on Envisat ASAR, Radarsat-2 and Sentinel-1

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hasager, Charlotte Bay; Badger, Merete; Badger, Jake

    Downstream of operating wind farms the mean wind speed is reduced as compared to the upwind conditions. In the offshore environment it is of particular interest to quantify the wind farm wake because turbine arrays are often located in the vicinity of other wind farms. The wakes reduce the annual....... The wind farm covers an area of around 4 km by 5 km and three concentric circles centered at the wind farm are used for extraction of results. The selected radii are 6, 10 and 13 km. The mean wind speeds in each of the three circles (geo-collocated) quantify the coastal wind speed gradient. Next step...

  11. Simulated annealing CFAR threshold selection for South African ship detection in ASAR imagery

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Schwegmann, CP

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available chosen threshold value. Typically, the threshold value is chosen as a single floating value for all positions creating a flat threshold plane. This study introduces a novel method of creating a threshold plane which is adapted using Simulated Annealing...

  12. Asynchronous Replication, Mono-Allelic Expression, and Long Range Cis-Effects of ASAR6

    OpenAIRE

    Donley, Nathan; Stoffregen, Eric P.; Smith, Leslie; Montagna, Christina; Thayer, Mathew J.

    2013-01-01

    Mammalian chromosomes initiate DNA replication at multiple sites along their length during each S phase following a temporal replication program. The majority of genes on homologous chromosomes replicate synchronously. However, mono-allelically expressed genes such as imprinted genes, allelically excluded genes, and genes on female X chromosomes replicate asynchronously. We have identified a cis-acting locus on human chromosome 6 that controls this replication-timing program. This locus encod...

  13. CLAB-ASAR 96. Recurrent safety analysis. Experiences 1985-96

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1997-09-01

    CLAB is the central Swedish store for spent fuel elements, which has been in regular use since 1985. Although the government does not require recurrent safety analyses for CLAB, SKB (owner of the plant) has decided to perform such analyses as bases for a plan to uphold and develop the safety of the plant. The analysis follows the intentions behind the government instructions for safety analyses of nuclear power plants, but due to the different character of the plants there are important differences. The number of registered events or accidents are very few, and show no trend over time. It is noted that, in the early operation of CLAB, the follow-up of implemented measures was not always satisfactory. Administrative rules for such follow-up is now in place. Since the early 90's, MTO analysis is used for events where human error or lack of reaction can be suspected. The emissions from CLAB to air and water have been small during the whole operation, and the trend is in the direction of even smaller emissions. This trend might however be broken, due e.g. to reception of damaged fuel

  14. Experience with Near Real Time Distributiom of Envisat Asar Data to End-Users

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Leif Toudal; Saldo, Roberto

    2005-01-01

    For a number of years Ørsted·DTU has delivered seaice information to ships navigating in some of the most remote areas of the Earth. Both the Northern and the Southern hemisphere contain vast areas not regularly charted by the governmental sea ice agencies. DTU utilizes free of charge images from...... of the images used by DTU are recorded by microwave instruments, due to the ability of microwaves to penetrate the polar night as well as the often persistent cloud cover in these regions. For the last 4 months we have used our system for processing and distribution of ENVISAT Global Monitoring Mode (GMM...

  15. Economía de la Producción en Pollos para Asar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ochoa Toro Hernando

    1978-09-01

    Full Text Available Es bien conocido por parte de las personas que tienen que ver en alguna forma con el engorde de pollos, que aproximadamente el 70 % de los costos del mismo está constituido por el alimento, es por esto que este estudio se centra a optimizar el empleo del concentrado y además ver el efecto tanto en el cambio, en el precio del insumo (concentrado y el producto (ganancia en peso, como el tiempo al cual saldrán los pollos al mercado dependiendo de los precios antes mencionados, para el avicultor maximice sus ingresos.

  16. Offshore wind climatology based on synergetic use of Envisat ASAR, ASCAT and QuikSCAT

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hasager, Charlotte Bay; Mouche, Alexis; Badger, Merete

    2015-01-01

    The offshore wind climatology in the Northern European seas is analysed from ten years of Envisat synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images using a total of 9256 scenes, ten years of QuikSCAT and two years of ASCAT gridded ocean surface vector wind products and high-quality wind observations from four...... of such measurements is very high and therefore they are only sparsely available. An alternative method is the application of satellite remote sensing. Comparison of wind resource statistics from satellite products is presented and discussed including the uncertainty on the wind resource. The diurnal wind variability...

  17. MANAJEMEN PERPUSTAKAAN SEKOLAH BERBASIS SISTEM INFORMASI GUNA MENINGKATKAN KEMANDIRIAN DAN OPTIMALISASI TATA KELOLA PERPUSTAKAAN SEKOLAH DASAR SE-KECAMATAN JATINANGOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tine Silvana

    2014-11-01

    ABSTRAK Kegiatan Pengabdian Masyarakat ini dilaksanakan di Kecamatan Jatinangor dengan mengambil tempat pelaksanaan di Aula Kantor UPTD TK, SD dan PNF Kecamatan Jatinangor dan di Ruang Pertemuan GERKOPIN Kecamatan Jatinangor. Sebagai Masyarakat Mitra dalam PKM ini yakni Unit Pengelola Teknis Dinas TK, SD dan PNF Kecamatan Jatinangor. Pencapaian Sasaran PKM ini adalah para Pengelola Perpustakaan Sekolah Dasar Se-Kecamatan Jatinangor. Kegiatan PKM yang telah dilaksanakan yakni dimulai dari kegiatan FGD untuk mengetahui kebutuhan pencapaian sasaran, kemudian Seminar dan Workshop yang diikuti oleh para Kepala Sekolah Dasar serta para Pengelola Perpustakaan dari 29 SD Negeri maupun Swasta. Berikutnya kegiatan Monitoring dan Evaluasi Akhir. Tujuan dari Program PKM ini adalah agar pencapaian sasaran dapat memiliki pengetahuan dan keterampilan teknis dalam mengelola dan mengolah koleksi bahan pustaka maupun layanan perpustakaan sekolah dengan menggunakan sistem informasi perpustakaan yang lebih mudah digunakan. Dalam kegiatan FGD diketahui bahwa hampir semua pengelola perpustakaan sekolah belum dapat menangani pengolahan koleksi secara sistematis. Meskipun sebagian diantara mereka sudah mengetahui adanya sistem informasi yang dapat digunakan untuk mengolah dan mengelola koleksi, mereka belum mengetahui dan belum dapat memanfaatkan dan menggunakannya. Dalam sesi Seminar, para Kepala Sekolah mendapatkan pemahaman lebih lanjut tentang pentingnya mengelola perpustakaan sekolah secara lebih profesional. Terlebih lagi bahwa mereka saat ini mulai dituntut untuk selalu siap menyediakan data dan informasi tentang tata kelola perpustakaan baik untuk pelaporan dan evaluasi maupun untuk kepentingan akreditasi sekolah. Dalam sesi Workshop, para peserta yang umumnya para pelaksana pengelola perpustakaan mendapatkan pengetahuan dan keterampilan teknis tentang tata cara pengolahan koleksi yang terdiri dari inventarisasi, klasifikasi, katalogisasi, pelayanan serta administrasi perpustakaan secara lebih jelas, lebih mudah, lebih efektif dan efisien. Kepada setiap peserta juga diberikan berbagai pedoman pengolahan koleksi seperti e-DDC, e-Books Tajuk Subyek terbitan Perpustakaan Nasional, SNI Perpustakaan Sekolah dari Badan Standardisasi Nasional dan Aplikasi Software Sistem Informasi Perpustakaan yakni Library-Access Version 0.1 yang dirancang oleh Laboratorium Pengelolaan Informasi - Departemen Ilmu Informasi dan Perpustakaan Fikom Unpad sendiri. Aplikasi tersebut dirancang lebih mudah untuk digunakan namun dengan fungsi yang sama baiknya dengan produk aplikasi lain yang telah ada. Aplikasi tersebut digunakan untuk manajemen dan tata kelola koleksi maupun layanan perpustakaan sekolah dasar. Kata kunci:

  18. Penerapan Aquaponic Sebagai Teknologi Tepat Guna Pengolahan Limbah Cair Kolam Ikan di Dusun Kergan, Tirtomulyo, Kretek, Bantul, Yogyakarta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nur Annisa Maharani

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Kergan sub-village is located in the Tirtomulyo Village, Kretek District, Bantul Regency, on the process into a tourist village. Cultivation of carp and catfish become a favored activity in the village because most of the citizen has carp and catfish ponds for those will be used as priority to become a Tourism Village of Carp. However, the fish pond waste has become a problem. During this time the waste just being dumped into the environment, that cause a contamination on water wells. Therefore, solution to treat this fish pond waste in the village is necessary to be solved by community service activities. This community service activities concluded that making aquaponic is one of the solution. Public education, consultation and mentoring are the most effective 3 methods in solving the problems that exist in the village. The benefits of those activities that provide new knowledge about waste treatment pond fish and provide new skills in making aquaponics.

  19. Hak Pemegang Hak Guna Bangunan Untuk Membangun Hotel Dengan Merobohkan Bangunan Cagar Budaya (Studi Kasus Hotel Amaris Di Kota Yogyakarta)

    OpenAIRE

    Wd, I.P. Antama Wisnu

    2017-01-01

    The holder’s of Building Rights Title had the rights to built a hotel on the demolition of cultural heritage (study case in Amaris Hotel of Yogyakarta). This research aims to determine the rights of the holder’s Building Rights Title to built a hotel on the demolition of cultural heritage. In this legal writing, the researcher used normative legal research which focused on the positive legal norms consist of legislation. The type of data used include the primary legal materials, secondary ...

  20. Perancangan Komunikasi Visual Web Games Interaktif “Gooclean.Com” Guna Menanamkan Budaya Anti Korupsi Sejak Dini

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreas James Darmawan

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Along with the increasing number of corruption, the role of visual communication is also increasingly necessary. Its role is as a maker of communications media that attract, encourage, and interactive. So the anti-corruption culture that wants implanted were well received and is embedded in the consciousness of the receiver behave. Article clarifies visual communication "Gooclean" intended for children and packaged in attractive web-based games to play while learning interests of children. The research method discussed is literature study for having the basic theory, comparative study observation with other anti corruption wesites, also interview with project PIC. The scope of Gooclean interactive web games is presented interestingly to increase children’s interest towards the presented material. This is presented by interesting illustration, challenging games, and visual concept that children will understand easily.  

  1. PROGRAM APRESIASI BAGI PEMERINTAH DAERAH (PEMDA DALAM MELAKSANAKAN TATA KELOLA (GOOD GOVERNANCE GUNA MEMAJUKAN KEPARIWISATAAN DI DAERAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ismayanti Ismayanti

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The success of region is largely determined by the commitment of the local government in the development of tourism. Good governance will certainly provide prosperity for the community. This first year multi-disciplinary research has a purpose: to design blueprint appreciation program for local governments that are committed in developing regions of Tourism through good governance and delivering award of appreciation to the government. This study examines several aspects of appreciation  through commitment identification and governance survey using analytical methods of AHP. Tourism appreciation blueprint is implemented with program testing. The results achieved is the publication and implementation of the blueprint of appreciation in cooperation with the Eljohn Publishing through Travel Club Tourism Award 2012 from the magazine Travel Club. The results is 40 nominees from the provincial governments, district and city governments. From the nominees, it is determined the winner of the provincial government consisting of 3 province, 9 city and 13 district government. Positive implications occurs after administration of appreciation and local prideness increases when each winner received awars and regional leaders gave speech in front of live audience and broadcasting live all over Indonesia. Besides these, dignity of each government showed in local and national publications in the electronic media and print media. Of these positive implications, it is recommended to conduct a similar program on a regular basis and measured the impact of the annual tribute to the development of tourism in the area so that the program becomes one measure the progress of regional tourismDOI: 10.15408/ess.v4i1.1962

  2. URGENSI PEMBARUAN COMMERCIAL CODE DI BIDANG PELAYARAN GUNA MENJAMIN PERLINDUNGAN HUKUM KONSUMEN (STUDI PERBANDINGAN DI PELABUHAN PORTKLANG MALAYSIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Syamsudin

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This study was aimed  to  reform some of  regulations of  the commercial code  in  shipping which are no  longer adequate  in  the  present development.  The main  issues  of  the  study  are:  (1  How  is  the  development  of commercial  code  in  regulating  shipping matter  in  Indonesia?;  (2 Which  regulations of  the commercial  code are  necessarily  to  be  reviewed  to  guarantee  the  legal  protection  of  consumers?;  (3 How  is  the practice  of commercial code in Malaysia as a comparison in regulating the port in Indonesia?. The study uses the traditions of  normative  legal  research.  Legal materials  are  collected  by  studying  document  both  the  primary  legalmaterials and secondary  legal materials. Legal materials are analyzed by both of  themes  and content analysis. The analysis of  the  theme  is focused on  topics of commercial code  that needs  to be  reviewed. On the other hand,  the content analysis  is aimed  to  the contents of the  legal provisions of  the commercial code which are no longer appropriate , and it needs to be replaced by the new ones. The results of the study shows that there are some commercial code  regulations that need  to be reviewed namely: (1  It relates to  the definition of the contract and  the parties  involved in  the making of  the contract;  (2  It  is necessary to determine  the  limits of liability and responsibility of the carrier, and the protection of shippers (customers; (3 From the results of the comparative  studies  at  the  Port  Klang Malaysia demonstrate  that  normatively  Indonesia  is not  left behind  in terms of regulating commercial Code. It demonstrates that in practice Indonesia has imposed the Hage Visby Rules  1968,  although  Indonesia has  not  yet  ratified  it. On  the other hand, Malaysia  still  imposes  the Hague Rule 1924. The facts prove  that PortKlang  in Malaysia  is more advanced  than the ports  in  Indonesia  in terms of infrastructure availability. Portklang engagesin 13th rank among ports in the world, while the ports in Indonesia are not  included  in  the world rank.

  3. Peningkatan Pengetahuan Terkait Hipertensi Guna Perbaikan Tekanan Darah pada Pemuda di Dusun Japanan, Margodadi, Seyegan, Sleman, Yogyakarta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erica Kusuma Rahayu Sudarsono

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Prevalence of hypertension in Indonesia  has reached 25.8%; Yogyakarta is the third largest prevalence in Indonesia, and hypertension in Seyegan sub-district is ranked first most diagnosed. Hypertension can lead to an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases such as heart attacks and strokes. Knowledge related to hypertension of residents, especially youth is still quite low. Youth is provided with education and training on how to measure blood pressure and basic knowledge related to hypertension. The education was done by discussion using Focus Group Discussion (FGD method, then youth made program to overcome hypertension problem. Conducted blood pressure screening and interviews about the lifestyle of residents to determine the cause of hypertension. Blood pressure screening and interviews were analyzed by chi square or fisher, increased youth knowledge from pre-test and post-test analyzed with kolmogorov-smirnov and analyzed by paired T test with 95% confidence level. There was no significant effect between BMI, education and exercise on blood pressure, but there was a significant influence between smoking and consumption of foods high in salt and fat to blood pressure. The results of pre-test and post-test showed an increase in youth knowledge from the beginning only 5.27 to 7.37 with p-value 0.000 (p <0.05. Provision of education to youth increases the level of knowledge related to hypertension.

  4. APLIKASI TEKNOLOGI SISTEM INFORMASI GEOGRAFIS (SIG UNTUK HANALISIS POTENSI WILAYAH PESISIR GUNA PENGEMBANGAN PARIWISATA DI KABUPATEN REMBANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heri Tjahjono

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Tourism can be a top priority in supporting the development of a region. Coastal tourism is a potential tourist that will contribute significantly to the community’s economy. Rembang District as one of the coastal tourist destination, located on the north coast of Java and has the potential of natural beauty that is very interesting, but less widely known because of lack of development. The government is currently trying to develop a Rembang district coastal tourist areas to be promoted to some areas. Purpose of this study were (1 determine the potential for coastal areas in the Rembang District, (2 determine how far the development of coastal tourism in Rembang District, and (3 Provide guidance on priority areas for the development of coastal tourism in Rembang District. The variables consisted of physical potential, the social potential, and tourism development. The method of data collection using observation, documentation, and interviews. Analysis of data using scoring techniques, grades and descriptive analysis. The results showed that areas that have the potential for the development of coastal tourism in Rembang District in stages from the highest potential and Sub-district Rembang and Sarang, Sub-distric Kragan, and Lasem. The development of tourism in coastal areas in Rembang District is quite diverse among others include beautiful panorama, cultural tourism, pilgrim (religion, culinary, industrial, and commercial all of which have the potential to be marketed. Great potential is less supported the development of tourism, especially accommodation, infrastructure, facilities and services. Based on the potential physical, social, and tourism development that is directed into 3 main priorities Priority I Rembang and Sarang District are prioritized for the development of cultural tourism and pilgrim tour. Priority II Kragan District that no special priority. Priority III Lasem District priority for pilgrim tourism development

  5. Coffee Area (Subak Abian Tri Guna Karya Kintamani Bangli Based Waste Management Potential to Generate Renewable Energy Sources and Nutrition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    INyoman Sucipta

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Bali island has 5.632.86 km2 area with a total area of 36.298 hectares of coffee farm in 2004with production 3.696.206 15386.405 tons of Arabica coffee and Robusta coffee produces tonsof waste is high enough. The results of the proximate analysis of robusta coffee waste containingprotein, crude fiber and fat is high at 6.67 to 12.43% crude protein, fiber kasar11,05-21,40%, fat1.04 to 1.07%, while the calcium 0 , 21 to 0.34% and 0.02-0.07% phosfor.Materials (coffee waste inserted through the container revenue in accordance with thetreatment, then allowed to ferment anaerobically for 35 days, if the bio-gas already formed inlarge volume, then the bio-gas flow from the inner tube to cleaners tube which then exits througha gas hose. Bio-gas has started to form when the water in the U manometer and hose materialspointer moves upward.Parameters measured were the temperature of the fermentation medium was measured with athermometer scale 0-100oC. Volume of bio-gas can be shown on the hose raw material pointerwas the changes of the surface of raw material height multiplied by its width. Gasbio pressureinside the bioreactor was measured using a manometer U scaleD 3-3 cm. gasbio production wasmeasured by thermik properties of the gas or through the ideal gas equation (Sutanto, 1982.Technical analysis measured through the strength of materials, dimensions and weight. Thecontent of gasbio is observed from methanogenic process is methane gas, and of the hydrolysisand acidification processes was carbon dioxide gas using a Shimadzu GC-7A kromatograf modelChemical analysis of coffee waste and bio-gas as byproduct was crude fiber, nitrogen, fattyacids, calcium, phosphorus, iron, magnesium, manganese, potassium, sodium and zinc as well ascaffeine using atomic spetrophotometes.Handling of coffee waste using region-based bioreactors (Subak Abian Tri to workKintamani Bangli generate renewable energy, a source of nutrients and bioactive and spawned aculture of energy saving, clean and healthy

  6. AKIBAT BENCANA TSUNAMI TERHADAP PELAYANAN KESEHATAN DI PROVINSI NANGGROE ACEH DARUSSALAM (NAD: SUATU KAJIAN CEPAT GUNA MASUKAN BAGI KEBIJAKAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agus Suwandono

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available On 26 December 2004, a series of earthquakes followed by tsunami with an epicentrum in Indian Ocean next to the northwest coast of Sumatra Island caused very serious damaged in Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam (NAD and North Sumatra Provinces. Around 100-150 thousand population were predicted to be the victims, either dead, missing or seriously wounded due to this  world biggest disaster in 2004. This disaster also destroyed the local health services and their human resources on health. A team of rapid assessment was peiformed by Ministry of Health (MOH to provide inputs for rehabilitation of the local health services. Observation, interview and document searching were used as the methods of this rapid assessment. Although there were many weaknesses of this rapid assessment, some findings, analysis and recommendations were provided by the team as follows: 1. MOH should take over immediately and responsible to the recovery of the local health services and solved the 10 issues found by the team; 2. The three phases recommended by the team especially for CDC programs should be considered seriously to be carried out after the tsunami; 3. Deeper assessment should be carried after the basic health system in NAD was recovered; and 4. Rebuilding of local HCs and hospitals as well as supplying the human resources on health should be planned and implemented immedietely.

  7. PERANCANGAN ULANG FASILITAS KERJA PADA STASIUN CUTTING YANG ERGONOMIS GUNA MEMPERBAIKI POSISI KERJA OPERATOR SEBAGAI UPAYA PENINGKATAN PRODUKTIVITAS KERJA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agung Kristanto

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Perusahaan Anode Crome merupakan perusahaan pengekroman seperti velg mobil, velg motor dan lain-lain serta memproduksi cantel alumunium. Salah satu proses produksinya yaitu pemotongan cantel alumunium  dikerjakan dengan posisi duduk membungkuk dan pada saat proses pemotongan, tangkai pemotong berada sejajar dengan bahu operator. Dilihat dari segi ergonomi kondisi bekerja seperti itu tidak sesuai karena dapat mengakibatkan cepat lelah dan penegangan otot (strain. Melihat kondisi tersebut perlu dilakukan perancangan fasilitas kerja yang dapat memperbaiki posisi kerja operator, mengurangi ketidaknyamanan, serta meminimalkan waktu pemotongan sehingga produktivitas kerja dapat tercapai. Metode yang digunakan dalam perancangan alat pemotong dan kursi kerja cantel alumunium ini yaitu dengan mempertimbangkan beberapa aspek seperti data antropometri, keluhan operator selama bekerja dan waktu kerja, serta melakukan Uji Independent T-Test dengan software SPSS 12 untuk mengetahui perbedaan keluhan pada para pekerja antara sebelum dan sesudah perancangan. Hasil penelitian menunjukan waktu baku pada kondisi sebelum perancangan sebesar 11.20 detik/unit dengan output standar sebesar 322 unit/jam. Sedangkan waktu baku setelah perancangan sebesar 8.37 detik/unit dengan output standar sebesar 434 unit/jam, artinya terjadi penurunan waktu baku sebesar 2.83 detik/unit atau efisiensi waktu sebesar 25.26% dan peningkatan output standar sebesar 122 unit/jam atau produktivitas meningkat sebesar 34.78%.

  8. Estimating wheat yield: an approach for estimating number of grains using cross-polarised ENVISAT-1 ASAR data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, Parul; Srivastava, Hari Shanker; Navalgund, Ranganath R.

    2006-12-01

    In this paper an attempt to model wheat yield is made by exploiting characteristic interaction of cross-polarised SAR with wheat crop. SAR backscatter from a crop field is affected by the density, structure, volume and the moisture content of various components of plant (viz. head, stem, leaf) alongwith soil moisture. Hence, to effectively handle the influence of each of these components of the plant on SAR backscatter, a plant parameter, termed as Interaction Factor (IF) is conceptualised by combining volume, moisture, height for each of the component and density of plant. For this purpose, detailed experiment over farmers' fields was carried out in synchrony with SAR acquisition involving in-depth measurements on volume, moisture content and height of various components of wheat plant, number of grains, plant density and soil moisture. Stepwise regression analysis revealed that IF Head significantly affects the shallow incidence angle, cross-polarised C-band SAR backscatter. IF Head is also highly correlated to the number of grains. This is attributed to the fact that parameters of the wheat head from which IF Head is calculated, namely moisture, volume and height, determine eventual number of grains. The study offers an approach for estimating wheat yield by retrieving number of grains from shallow incidence angle cross-polarised SAR data.

  9. Vai mēs kļūsim par Baltijas baskiem jeb Kā būt pārstāvētiem? / Jāns Undusks ; no igauņu valodas tulkojusi Maima Grīnberga-Preisa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Undusk, Jaan, 1958-

    2005-01-01

    Teksti aluseks on ettekanne 8. Balti vaimse koostöö konverentsil 16. juunil 2001 Tallinnas: Are we Basques of Baltic? The problem of how to be represented. Eesti k.: Looming, 2002, nr. 9. Orig.: Kas meist saavad balti baskid ehk kuidas olla esindatud?

  10. Politik Hukum Pemberian Hak Guna Usaha Setelah Berlakunya Undang-Undang Penanaman Modal Nomor 25 Tahun 2007 dan Implikasinya terhadap Nasib Petani

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ni Ketut Sri Parwati

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Application policy of Investment Act (Undang-Undang Penanaman Modal/UUPM Number 25 of 2007 about Capital investment can bring negative implication to fate of farmer. UUPM hardly clearly gives amenity to investor to obtain farm and tends to give the big trust to investor to build the economic of Indonesia. The amenitys that is given to investor can be misused if there is not followed by readiness of the law structure with having enough ability to implement the substance of UUPM causing can give the negative implication to fate of farmer. Until now, the implementation of vesting policy of HGU still has many harvesting problem between entrepreneurs with public that occupying on the area around of HGU. The application of policy that applying of vesting of HGU after implementing of UUPM has give ever greater gain to entrepreneur because the duration of domination of extendable HGU at the first time. The Government needs to take the normatif of rule that remain to the farmer to gets justice and prosperity while investor still can inculcate the legal capital and has the business in Indonesia. In this case, the law structure prepared to beginning of UUPM must really brood in order not to invite abuse to vesting of HGU to investor. This thing is enabled by HGU that can be transferred or transferred to other party according to PP Nomor 40 Tahun 1996, while UUPM only arrange the duration of vesting of HGU. Visible capital investment act as indication that there is no motivation for economics independence of public, the policy takers doesn’t believe the Indonesian farmer can build plantation, agriculture and fishery or even is improved to become company. This act exactly trusts in investor that is most accurate cluster in giving the huge of land, whereas Indonesian farmer becomes cheap labour only. This is the main characteristic of colonial agrarian law that reanimated on behalf of INVESTMENT. Our farmer is not really poor; however they impoverished by regulation and legislation which nonalignment to Indonesian public.

  11. REVITALISASI KONSERVASI TUMBUHAN OBAT KELUARGA (TOGA GUNA MENINGKATKAN KESEHATAN DAN EKONOMI KELUARGA MANDIRI DI DESA CONTOH LINGKAR KAMPUS IPB DARMAGA BOGOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agus Hikmat

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Medicinal plants and traditional medicine for along ago are important role in the health care, stamina maintain, and treat diseases. Therefore medicinal plants and traditional medicines have strong root in the part of community up to now. Research on revitalization of family medicinal plant (TOGA conservation done at Kampong Pabuaran (Cibanteng village, and Kampong Gunung Leutik ( Benteng village, results indicated that research locations have completely medicinal plants diversity for medicine all diseases of village communities mentioned. Number of medicinal plants found at Gunung Leutik and Pabuaran Sawah Kampong (Cibanteng and Benteng Villages were 237 spesies, and 95 spesies often used by respondents mentioned villages. Species number of medicinal plants have potential to expand based on use value of these species treat main diseases of community villages Gunung Leutik and Pabuaran Sawah Villages (Benteng and Cibanteng were 15 spesies, such as: sambiloto (Andrographis paniculata (Burm.F Ness., meniran (Phyllanthus niruri L., takokak (Solanum torvum L., pegagan (Centella asiatica (L. Urban., temulawak (Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb., jahe (Zingiber officinale-purpurea Rosc., jeruk nipis (Citrus aurantifolia (Christm & Panz Swingle, binahong (Anredera cordifolia, mahkota dewa (Phaleria macrocarpus (Sheff. Boerl., rosella (Hibiscus sabdariffa, pule pandak (Rauvolfia serpentine (L. Benth. ex. Kurz., sangitan (Sambucus javanica Reinw., sirih (Piper betle L., brotowali (Tinospora crispa, and kenikir (Cosmos caudatus

  12. EFEKTIFITAS PENERAPAN ANCAMAN SANKSI PIDANA TAMBAHAN GUNA PENGEMBALIAN KERUGIAN KEUANGAN NEGARA DALAM TINDAK PIDANA KORUPSI (STUDI KASUS DI PENGADILAN NEGERI DENPASAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kadek Krisna Sintia Dewi

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Research on the effectiveness and the application of criminal sanctions and punishment in addition to return financial losses caused by corruption ( case study at the Denpasar District Court aims to describe and analyze deeply, about the effectiveness of additional punishment, including the return of financial loss caused by corruption. In addition, this study also aims to determine and assess the constraints in the implementation of court decisions related to the return of financial loss. Based on this articles, the question that is whether the application of additional criminal sanction and punishment, including the return of state losses can be effective pursuant to the provisions of Article 18 of Law No. 31 Year of 1999 on Eradication of Corruption Jo . Law No. 20 year of 2001 on the Amendment of the Law No. 31 Year of 1999 on Eradication of Corruption. The method used in this research is the method of empirical juridical legal research of the descriptive research using primary and secondary data sources by document studying and interview techniques as well as articles related to the issues. Based on the research that has been done, it can be seen that the application of the additional sanction and punishment, including the return of state losses have applied but unfortunately have not been able to be effective in the aim of recovery effort of state losses due to corruption, and reduce the amount of corruption that occurred in the Denpasar District Court Jurisdiction . It is based on the data corruption cases in the year of 2012 increased from 20 cases to 25 cases in 2013. Returns of state losses in 2012 - 2013 amounted Rp.871.273.192 which is the corruption amount cases in the year of 2010 - 2011 . While the corruption cases in the year of 2012 – 2013, until recent time there are no recorded return of state losses. The constraints in the implementation of the court decisions related to the return of state losses, is convicted assets and property that has been transfered, multiple population administration, and duration of the judicial process to verdict and binding execution to be carried out .

  13. Evaluasi Kualitas Air Sungai-sungai Di Kawasan DAS Brantas Hulu Malang Dalam Kaitannya Dengan Tata Guna Lahan Dan Aktivitas Masyarakat Di Sekitarnya

    OpenAIRE

    Yetti, Elvi; Soedharma, Dedi; Hariyadi, Sigid

    2011-01-01

    Brantas River that is located at Upper Brantas River Basin Area has been polluting that is noted by poluttion that taking place at Karangkates and Sengguruh Reservoir. Development of people and industries around Malang Upper Brantas River Basin Area since 2000, leading to increasing of river water using and pollution, particularly organic pollution. This research evaluated river water quality at Malang Upper Brantas River Basin Area, refered to water quality standard inserted on Governmental ...

  14. PERENCANAAN TATA GUNA LAHAN DAS WAY SEPUTIH HULU LAMPUNG TENGAH MENGGUNAKAN MODEL TATA AIR (Landuse Planning for Way Seputih Watershed at Central Lampung by Water Management Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Amin

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Das Way Seputih Hulu merupakan sungai yang terletak di Kabupaten Larnpung Tengah, merniliki luas 175,28 km2. Kejadian banjir di Desa Segalarninder hilir Way Seputih Hulu terjadi setiap datang musim penghujan. Hasil penelitian bempa software program tata-air.exe, konsep dasar rnodel menggunakan neraca air (waterbalance yang dibuat dengart program delphi versi 7. Hasil uji t-tes antara tebal aliran model simulasi dengan pengukuran lapangan menunjukkan nilai t-hitung (0,14 lebih besar dari t-tabel (2,51, sehingga dikatakan model dapat digunakan untuk melakukan simulasi berbagai alternatif penggunaan lahan. Hasil simulasi program tata-air.exe menunjukkan bahwa keseluruhan alternatif untuk eksperimentasi model menghasilkan nilai rasio tebal aliran di bawah angka 30. Kondisi rasio tebal aliran air Way Seputih Hulu memiliki nilai berkisar antara 2,84 sanrpai 3,40, sehingga dapat dikatakan dalam kondisi masih wajar bahkan dapat dikatakan mempunvai nilai yang cukup bagus. Alternatif penggunaan lahan yang mengarah kepada bentuk lahan kebun campuran akan memberikan nilai rasio paling kecil dan menghasilkan produksi air yang kecil pula.   ABSTRACT  Watersheed of Way Seputih Upstream represent river which located in Kabupaten Lampung Tengah, oing wide of 175,28 km2. Occurence of floods in Countryside of Segalaminder go downstream Way Seputih Upstream happened in every coming rain season. Result of the research namely tata-air.exe, base concept of modeling uses water balance was made by using Delphi 7th version. Result of t-test value between modeled discharge flow and field measurement result shows t-counting value (0.14 higher than t-table (2.51, hence the model is can be used for simulating various landuse alternative. The simulation result using tata-air.exe shows that entire alternatives for model experimentation resulted discharge ratio value was under 30. Condition of Way Seputih Hulu River discharge was in the range between 2.84 until 3.40, therefore it is assumed normally, even it can be assumed very good value. The landuse alternative to mix garden land can given smal value for runoff  ratio and water production.

  15. PERAN PEMUDA DALAM PELESTARIAN SENI TRADISIONAL BENJANG GUNA MENINGKATKAN KETAHANAN BUDAYA DAERAH (Studi Di Kecamatan Ujungberung Kota Bandung Provinsi Jawa Barat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yaya Mulya Mantri

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The role of young man in preservation Benjang’s folk art was assessed as fair which included five roles which were: the role of endowment, the role of owner, the role of doer, the role of innovative, and role of educative. Young man faced fi ve constraints in Benjang’s folk art preservation, that was first of lack of fund in developing Benjang’s folk art, second lack of government involvement in Benjang’s folk art development, third there was no involvement of academician side in Benjang’s management management and folk art show packaging, fourth lack of understanding of artistic aesthetics the Benjang’s actors, and fifth the entry of foreign culture in massif. Implication to cultural resilience of area: increasing cultural awareness and identity of area, change without trespassing cultural originality of area, and penetrating cultural warded of strangers foreigners which unmatched to area culture. Keywords: Benjang, Traditional Art, Cultural Resilience of Area

  16. PERANCANGAN ULANG FASILITAS KERJA PADA STASIUN CUTTING YANG ERGONOMIS GUNA MEMPERBAIKI POSISI KERJA OPERATOR SEBAGAI UPAYA PENINGKATAN PRODUKTIVITAS KERJA Studi kasus di Perusahaan Anode Crome Yogyakarta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agung Kristanto

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Perusahaan Anode Crome merupakan perusahaan pengekroman seperti velg mobil, velg motor dan lain-lain serta memproduksi cantel alumunium. Salah satu proses produksinya yaitu pemotongan cantel alumunium dikerjakan dengan posisi duduk membungkuk dan pada saat proses pemotongan, tangkai pemotong berada sejajar dengan bahu operator. Dilihat dari segi ergonomi kondisi bekerja seperti itu tidak sesuai karena dapat mengakibatkan cepat lelah dan penegangan otot (strain. Melihat kondisi tersebut perlu dilakukan perancangan fasilitas kerja yang dapat memperbaiki posisi kerja operator, mengurangi ketidaknyamanan, serta meminimalkan waktu pemotongan sehingga produktivitas kerja dapat tercapai. Metode yang digunakan dalam perancangan alat pemotong dan kursi kerja cantel alumunium ini yaitu dengan mempertimbangkan beberapa aspek seperti data antropometri, keluhan operator selama bekerja dan waktu kerja, serta melakukan Uji Independent T-Test dengan software SPSS 12 untuk mengetahui perbedaan keluhan pada para pekerja antara sebelum dan sesudah perancangan. Hasil penelitian menunjukan waktu baku pada kondisi sebelum perancangan sebesar 11.20 detik/unit dengan output standar sebesar 322 unit/jam. Sedangkan waktu baku setelah perancangan sebesar 8.37 detik/unit dengan output standar sebesar 434 unit/jam, artinya terjadi penurunan waktu baku sebesar 2.83 detik/unit atau efisiensi waktu sebesar 25.26% dan peningkatan output standar sebesar 122 unit/jam atau produktivitas meningkat sebesar 34.78%. Kata kunci: Ergonomis, Antropometri, Data Ketidaknyamanan, Waktu baku, Produktivitas. 

  17. IMPLEMENTASI MODEL PENILAIAN KINERJA BERBASIS KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT SCORE CARD GUNA MENINGKATKAN KUALITAS DAN KEMANDIRIAN LEMBAGA KEUANGAN MIKRO “BKAD” DI JAWA TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuntawati Fristin

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Knowledge management as the process by which organizations accumulate intellectual capital and use it to gain competitive advantage. When organizations make a huge investment to intellectual assets, the organiza-tion must be able to measure the impact of knowledge management (KM to the organization (tangible out-comes and is confident that by the organization in order to collect the knowledge assets in line with the vision of the organization’s mission. The objective of the research is to develop and test-development model of performance-based Knowledge Management (KM Scorecard well as formulate a program for the development of BKAD based on intellectual capital owned.To achieve the objective, the research is carried out with the approach of participant observation. The result indicates that the assessment of KM scorecard in general provides adequately fine results when they are seen from four perspectives, those are intellectual, social, structural and humanity. The activities of human resource development (PSDM, natural resource develop-ment (PSDA, and economic resource development (PSDE have resulted in economic increase, knowledge and skill increase, and have opened job opportunities and foster entrepreneurship opportunity. Seen from business development of real sector, BKAD has succeed to develop business of real sector based on areal resources which is in accordance with its regional potency.

  18. Metamorphoses of the main heroines of Jaan Tätte and Inga Ābele as a reflection of the century / Guna Zeltiņa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zeltiņa, Guna

    2009-01-01

    Jaan Tätte näidendist "Ristumine peateega, ehk, Muinasjutt kuldsest kalakesest" ("The highway crossing, or, The tale of a golden fish", tuntud ka pealkirjaga "Bungee jumping" ) ja Inga Ābele näidendist "Tumedad hirved" (The dark deer")

  19. Analysis of warm water system as a protective layer on reactor for Serba Guna G.A. Siwabessy using computation fluid dynamics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tiar Fridianto; Tri Agung Rohmat; M Dhandhang Purwadi

    2011-01-01

    Warm water layer system is a protection system that protect the environment and the workers above of the reactor pool from radiation exposure which carried by the primary coolant. The system forms the warm water layer at the surface of reactor pool for about 1,5 m thick and temperature for about 8 to 10 °C slightly above of the reactor pool temperature. Computational fluid dynamics can be used to analyze the characteristics of the warm water layer. One of the powerful computational fluid dynamics software is FLUENT and it is used to analyze the warm water layer at the G.A. Siwabessy multi purpose reactor. The results show that the increasing of warm water inlet temperature can increase the warm water layer temperature range which the safety system required. But it does not effect to the warm water layer thickness and population. In the other hand, the increasing of warm water layer inlet flow can increase the warm water layer thickness but not to the warm water layer temperature range. The effectiveness of warm water layer initially starts at 15 m 3 /h and 50 °C of the warm water inlet flow and temperature. At this condition, the warm water layer can block the primary coolant to reach the reactor pool's surface. (author)

  20. Preliminary inter-model comparison of the Agulhas current with direct range doppler velocity estimates from Envisat's Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar (ASAR)

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Backeberg, Bjorn C

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available The greater Agulhas Current is a highly dynamic regime that is known to have significant influence on the local marine environment and ecosystem. It is also recently recognized to play an important role in the global thermohaline circulation...

  1. Pengembangan Sejumlah Primer untuk Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction Guna Melacak Virus Flu Burung di Indonesia (DEVELOPMENt OF PRIMERS FOR REVERSE TRANSCRIPTASE POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION TO DETECT AVIAN INFLUENZA VIRUS IN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ni Luh Putu Indi Dharmayanti

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Until recently, two clades of of avian influenza viruses (AIVs designated as 2.3.2 and 2.2.3 havebeen circulating in Indonesia. Mutations of AIV genes have cretaed many more variants of the virus. It istherefore important to evaluate the appropriate methods used for the detection and diagnosis of AI virusin the field. Reverse Transcriptase-Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR have been used as a standardmethod for detection of AIV in many laboratories in Indonesia. The success of RT-PCR for detection ofAIV virus is dependent on the nucleotide sequences of primer that match with the circulating of AIVs. Theaims of this study was to develop RT-PCR by designing primers for H5 subtype specific to the circulatingAIVs in the field. The primers were designed using Primer Design software, and optimization andvalidation of the primer were conducted using AIVs that have been characterized in the previous study.The primers were then used RT-PCR using AIV isolates from field samples and their sensitivity andspecificity were then determined. The results showed that the H5 primers designed in this study, H5-IDand H5-NLP, was able to detect the AIVs in field samples better than the H5-specific primers have beenused previously. In conclusion, H5 primers designed based on recent viruses in the field showed betterresults in the detection of AI virus as compared to the previous primers. As AIV-H5N1 subtype in the fieldwill continue to change and evolve, the use of primers designed in this study is recommended for diagnosisof H5 AIV.

  2. Waktu Optimum Biokonversi Spontan Biji Asam Guna Meningkatkan Kandungan Nilai Gizinya Sebagai Pakan Ternak Alternatif (OPTIMUM TIME OF SPONTANEOUS FERMENTATION TO NUTRIENT VALUE OF TAMARIND SEED AS ALTERNATIF FEED

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redempta Wea

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to evaluate nutrition value and optimum time of spontaneous bioconversionof tamarind seed. This research was conducted using complete random design experimental methodswith five bioconversion time treatments ie R0 0 hour; R1 24 hours; R2 48 hours; R3 72 hours; and R4 96hours respectively and each treatment consist of four replications. The data were then analysis usingvariants analysis and Duncan’s test. The research variable was nutrition value of tamarind seed spontaneousbioconversion. Results showed that spontaneous bioconvertion was not effecting to dry matter, crude fiber,and crude fat but effected to ash, crude protein, and metabolism energy and the best treatment wasspontaneous bio-conversion until 72 hours and make decreasing at 96 hours treatment Based on thoseresult, for getting the best result,it is suggesting to use spontaneous bioconversion until 72 hours.

  3. Upaya Pеngеmbangan Konsеp Valuе Proposition Guna Mеmеnuhi Profil Pеlanggan pada Maskapai Low Cost Carriеr (Studi Kasus di PT. Indonеsia Airasia)

    OpenAIRE

    Sеtiawan, M. Rizky; Wilopo, Wilopo

    2017-01-01

    Penelitian ini dilakukan mengingat pentingnya bagi setiap Perusahaan untuk memahami profil pelanggannya dalam penyusunan dan pembentukkan value proposition yang sesuai untuk ditawarkan kepada pelanggan.This rеsеarch was conductеd considеring thе importancе for any company to undеrstand thе profilе of thеir customеrs in thе prеparation and formation of appropriatе valuе proposition to bе offеrеd to customеrs. Tujuan dari penelitian ini yakni untuk mengetahui bagaimana mekanisme serta proses ya...

  4. AcEST: DK961838 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available factor Cdt1 OS=Mus musculus... 32 4.0 sp|P07984|GUNA_CELFI Endoglucanase A OS=Cellulomonas...|GUNA_CELFI Endoglucanase A OS=Cellulomonas fimi GN=cenA PE=1 SV=1 Length = 449 Score = 31.6 bits (70), Expe

  5. Evaluating rainwater harvesting systems in arid and semi-arid regions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ammar, Adham Ali

    2017-01-01

    Rainwater harvesting (RWH) is an ancient traditional technology practised in many parts of the world, especially in arid and semi-arid regions (ASARs). ASARs represent 40% of the earth’s land surface and are characterised by low average annual rainfall and uneven temporal and spatial

  6. extraction and characterisation of citrullus colocynthis seed oil

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Citrullus colocynthis L.). The physical characteristics of the Guna melon were compared with Citrullus lanatus "Serewe" and Citrullus vulgaris "Bara" melon types. There were significant (P<0.01) differences in the physical characteristics between ...

  7. Perumusan Kebijakan dan Peraturan Daerah Dengan Mekanisme Konsultasi Publik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Armen Yasir

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penulisan ini adalah untuk mendeskripsikan pentingnya ketersediaan mekanisme konsultasi publik dalam perumusan kebijakan dan peraturan ditingkat daerah. Berdasarkan tinjauan normatif, disimpulkan bahwa tersedianya mekanisme konsultasi publik sangat penting guna membangun keterlibatan masyarakat sekaligus membentuk keterbukaan lembaga publik. Kondisi yang demikian selaras dengan prinsip negara hukum. Guna menjamin efektifitas mekanisme tersebut, maka daerah perlu mengundangkan peraturan daerah yang mengatur akan hal itu.

  8. fat-tailed sheep breeds

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Barresi-e asar-e sen va Jens barehay-e zel- e mazanderan bar tavan-e parvari va khosusiat-e lasheh (Study of age and sex effects on growth performance and carcass characteristics of Mazanderan Zel sheep breed) pajuhesh va sazandegi 37, 97-. 99 (in Persian). McClinton, O.W. & Carson, A.F., 2000. Growth and carcass ...

  9. PENGAMATAN LOGAM BERAT PADA SEDIMEN PERAIRAN WADUK CIRATA

    OpenAIRE

    Adang Saputra

    2009-01-01

    Waduk Cirata merupakan waduk serbaguna yang terletak di tiga kabupaten yaitu: Purwakarta, Cianjur, dan Bandung Provinsi Jawa Barat, telah mengalami penurunan daya guna akibat pengaruh lingkungan yang terlalu berat. Penurunan daya guna tersebut bisa bersifat fisik, kimia, maupun biologi. Salah satu kontaminan yang masuk ke Waduk Cirata adalah terakumulasinya logam berat di dasar perairan (sedimen). Untuk mengukur konsentrasi logam berat pada sedimen, dilakukan dengan pengambilan contoh sedimen...

  10. Current Measurements Using Doppler Range Velocities over the Estuary of Yangtze River

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Huimin; Wang, Yunhua; Zhang, Yanmin

    2014-11-01

    Measurements of oceanic surface current using range velocity over Estuary of Yangtze River are examined based on range Doppler velocity retrieved from Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar(ASAR). Sign Doppler Estimator (SDE) is employed to calculate Doppler Centroid with ASAR Imaging mode datasets. Both non- and geophysical errors are corrected to acquire more realistic surface current. In the process of corrections for geophysical errors, contributions of wind are removed utilizing phase velocity of wind-generated waves (Bragg resonant waves). In general, magnitude of retrieved current is approximately 1m/s, which is in reasonable concordance with long-term hydrological observations. Maps of ASAR-derived oceanic surface current seem to capture the synoptic characteristics of this Estuary. Assessments using tide table are implemented, which depict a potential in obtaining high precision currents. The derived results are encouraging and manifest that SAR does offer a valuable means to retrieve high-resolution current especially over coastal areas.

  11. Three-dimensional slum urban reconstruction in Envisat and Google Earth Egypt

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marghany, M.; Genderen, J. v.

    2014-02-01

    This study aims to aim to investigate the capability of ENVISAT ASAR satellite and Google Earth data for three-dimensional (3-D) slum urban reconstruction in developed country such as Egypt. The main objective of this work is to utilize 3-D automatic detection algorithm for urban slum in ENVISAT ASAR and Google Erath images were acquired in Cairo, Egypt using Fuzzy B-spline algorithm. The results show that fuzzy algorithm is the best indicator for chaotic urban slum as it can discriminate them from its surrounding environment. The combination of Fuzzy and B-spline then used to reconstruct 3-D of urban slam. The results show that urban slums, road network, and infrastructures are perfectly discriminated. It can therefore be concluded that fuzzy algorithm is an appropriate algorithm for chaotic urban slum automatic detection in ENVSIAT ASAR and Google Earth data.

  12. Three-dimensional slum urban reconstruction in Envisat and Google Earth Egypt

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Marghany, M; Genderen, J v

    2014-01-01

    This study aims to aim to investigate the capability of ENVISAT ASAR satellite and Google Earth data for three-dimensional (3-D) slum urban reconstruction in developed country such as Egypt. The main objective of this work is to utilize 3-D automatic detection algorithm for urban slum in ENVISAT ASAR and Google Erath images were acquired in Cairo, Egypt using Fuzzy B-spline algorithm. The results show that fuzzy algorithm is the best indicator for chaotic urban slum as it can discriminate them from its surrounding environment. The combination of Fuzzy and B-spline then used to reconstruct 3-D of urban slam. The results show that urban slums, road network, and infrastructures are perfectly discriminated. It can therefore be concluded that fuzzy algorithm is an appropriate algorithm for chaotic urban slum automatic detection in ENVSIAT ASAR and Google Earth data

  13. Evaluasi proses bimbingan skripsi mahasiswa Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta berdasar perspektif pembelajaran orang dewasa

    OpenAIRE

    Sugito Sugito; Sunaryo Soenarto; Entoh Tohani

    2017-01-01

    Dalam menghadapi tantangan dan permasalahan abad kedua puluh satu ini, pendidikan tinggi memiliki peran yang sangat strategis. Mata kuliah Skripsi dapat berperan untuk mengembangkan kemampuan guna menghadapi tantangan dan masalah yang dihadapi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi proses pembimbingan skripsi dari perspektif teori pembelajaran orang dewasa, hambatan dan upaya yang dilakukan mahasiswa dan dosen dalam proses penulisan skripsi mahasiswa Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta (UNY)....

  14. Pola Penguasaan Tanah Sawah secara Sistem Gilir Ganti pada Masyarakat Hukum Adat Kerinci

    OpenAIRE

    Idris, Isran

    2011-01-01

    Sistem gilir ganti sawah adalah pola penguasaan tanah sawah menurut Hukum Adat Kerinci. Sistem ini memberikan bagi ahli waris perempuan untuk secara bergilir ganti dalam menggunakan atau pemakaiannya guna mendapatkan hasilnya. Adanya sistem ini adalah pengaruh sistem kewarisan yang membedakan antara harta berat dan ringan. Banyaknya peserta dan persilangan gilir ganti sawah mempengaruhi pergerakan sistem dan masa tunggu setiap peserta untuk mendapatkan gilirannya.

  15. JPRS Report, Near East & South Asia

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-08-03

    oral suggestion made by Mr Gandhi at a private visit which Mr Olof Palme paid to Mr Gandhi’s family "when even the wife and kids were present...and Mr Nathuram Mir- dha . The elevation of Mr Bahu- guna has come with the consent of the chief minister-designate of Haryana, Mr Devi Lai, who is

  16. Pemanfaatan Beton Styrofoam Ringan untuk Fondasi Sumuran

    OpenAIRE

    Ramadhani, Sriyati

    2011-01-01

    Di daerah tanah lunak dengan letak muka air tinggi diperlukan ukuran luasan fondasi cukupbesar (fondasi telapak, pelat) atau digunakan fondasi tiang. Apabila jenis fondasi tiang, fondasilangsung (telapak) atau fondasi pelat digunakan pada bangunan ringan berakibat mahalnyabiaya konstruksi. Untuk itu, dicari alternative lain yaitu fondasi beton ringan guna mengurangivolume pemanfaatan material semen, dan menekan biaya konstruksi fondasi. Dalam penelitianini, pemanfaatan beton ringan merupakan ...

  17. Analisa Strategi Pemasaran Produk Kosmetik Wardah Dengan Pendekan SWOT-AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Process)

    OpenAIRE

    Prakoso, Anugerah Bimo; Negoro, Nugroho

    2017-01-01

    Saat ini perkembangan industri kosmetik di Indonesia berkembang pesat. Potensi-potensi dalam industri kosmetik menimbulkan timbulnya persaingan dalam industri tersebut. Agar Perusahaan dapat bertahan diperlukan strategi pemasaran yang baik guna memanfaatkan potensi tersebut. Untuk dapat melakukan hal tersebut Perusahaan harus mengetahui kondisi internal dan eksternal Perusahaan yang dapat mempengaruhi strategi pemasaran tersebut. Analisis SWOT (strength, weakness, opportunity, threat) adalah ...

  18. Studies on electrical conductivity and dielectric behaviour of PVdF ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    , Raghogarh, Guna 473 226, India. †Department of ... trolytes system. The first category of solid polymer electrolytes e.g. PEO based electrolyte system, shows very low ambient tempera- ture conductivities of the order of 10. −8. S cm. −1.

  19. Precision Estimation and Geomporphological Analysis of DEM of Damxung- Yangbajain Tibet Acquired by InSAR

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cui, Xiai; Zeng, Qiming; Li, Ying; Jian, Jiao

    2008-04-01

    Since May 2003, the Three Gorges (TG) dam began to impound water, several landslides occurred in the area. It is reported that an east-west crack occurred in The Yemaomian slope in Apr, 2007. In this paper we are going to monitor the pre-landslide deformation in Yemaomian slope by using differential inteferometric processing with ASAR data. To correct the atmospheric effect caused by water vapor, we use the Integrated Water Vapor (IWV) derived from MERIS data synchronously acquired with ASAR. Finally, we analyze the possibility of this method based on the result and the natural condition in this region.

  20. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 1 - 50 of 132 ... Mashudu R. Masevhe, Puffy Soundy, Nicolette J. Taylor. Vol 32, No 4 (2015), Antioxidant content and .... Michael O Adu, David O Yawson, Frederick A Armah, Paul A Asare, Malcolm J Bennett, Martin R Broadley, Philip J White, Lionel X Dupuy. Vol 33, No 1 (2016), Effects of short-term water deficit stress ...

  1. Animal Research International - Vol 13, No 2 (2016)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prevalence of foreign bodies in stomach of pigs slaughtered at the Kumasi Abattoir, Ghana · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Miriam Laryea, Benjamin Obukowho Emikpe, Victoria Attoh-Kotoku, Derrick Adu Asare, Nyarko Timothy Asenso, 2400 – 2403 ...

  2. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Asare, Paul A. Vol 33, No 3 (2016) - Articles Effects of rooting media on root growth and morphology of Brassica rapa seedlings. Abstract. ISSN: 2167-034X. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's Partners · Terms and Conditions ...

  3. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 201 - 250 of 323 ... Olusola Olufunmilayo Arowolo, Adewale Abolore Ogunrombi, Samuel Olusegun Apantaku, Stephen Oluseun Adeogun. Vol 21, No 2 (2017), Perception of Mealybug Wilt Effect and Management among Pineapple Farmers in Ghana, Abstract PDF. Tutu Mark Sarpong, Elvis Asare-Bediako, Lawrence ...

  4. African Research Review - Vol 10, No 2 (2016)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Leadership Style and Employee Behaviour: A Reciprocal Relationship · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Kwame Ameyaw Domfeh, Theresa Obuobisa-Darko, Lawrence Offei Asare, 1-15. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/afrrev.v10i2.1 ...

  5. Computer Fear and Anxiety in the United States Army

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-03-01

    What is computer fear and anxiety? What are the pertinent aspects of the phenomenon? What are the consequences? 2. Is computer fear and anxiety as...are repeated in this section for clarity and emphasis with respect to the findings, observations, and discussion: Research Questions 1. What is computer fear

  6. SAR observation and model tracking of an oil spill event in coastal waters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cheng, Yongcun; Li, Xiaofeng; Xu, Qing

    2011-01-01

    the European ENVISAT ASAR (Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar) and the Japanese ALOS (Advanced Land Observing Satellite) PALSAR (Phased Array L-band Synthetic Aperture Radar) images. Based on experience with past marine oil spills, about 63.0% of the oil will float and 18.5% of the oil will evaporate...

  7. Estimates of Forest Growing Stock Volume for Sweden, Central Siberia, and Québec Using Envisat Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar Backscatter Data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Beer

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available A study was undertaken to assess Envisat Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar (ASAR ScanSAR data for quantifying forest growing stock volume (GSV across three boreal regions with varying forest types, composition, and structure (Sweden, Central Siberia, and Québec. Estimates of GSV were obtained using hyper-temporal observations of the radar backscatter acquired by Envisat ASAR with the BIOMASAR algorithm. In total, 5.3×106 km2 were mapped with a 0.01° pixel size to obtain estimates representative for the year of 2005. Comparing the SAR-based estimates to spatially explicit datasets of GSV, generated from forest field inventory and/or Earth Observation data, revealed similar spatial distributions of GSV. Nonetheless, the weak sensitivity of C-band backscatter to forest structural parameters introduced significant uncertainty to the estimated GSV at full resolution. Further discrepancies were observed in the case of different scales of the ASAR and the reference GSV and in areas of fragmented landscapes. Aggregation to 0.1° and 0.5° was then undertaken to generate coarse scale estimates of GSV. The agreement between ASAR and the reference GSV datasets improved; the relative difference at 0.5° was consistently within a magnitude of 20–30%. The results indicate an improvement of the characterization of forest GSV in the boreal zone with respect to currently available information.

  8. Re-dispersible Li+ and Eu3+ co-doped CdS nanoparticles ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    dispersible Li+ and Eu3+ co-doped CdS nanoparticles: Luminescence studies. N S Gajbhiye Raghumani Singh Ninghoujam Asar Ahmed D K Panda S S Umare S J Sharma. Contributed papers Volume 70 Issue 2 February 2008 pp 313-321 ...

  9. Botswana Journal of Technology - Vol 10, No 2 (2001)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    An object-oriented knowledge-based traffic light simulator · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. FJ Ogwu, SD Asare, V Ghandi. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bjt.v10i2.51282 ...

  10. Levels of Some Heavy Metals and Physico Chemical Properties of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    MICHAEL

    REFERENCES. Adeyinka, J S (1996). Waste water treatment through reverse osmosis. Env. Monitoring and. Assessment. 22-37. Adinna, E N ;Ekop, O B and Attah, V I (2003). Environmental pollution and management in the tropics. Metroprints Publishers – Uyo. 12 -21. Ansa – Asare, O D (1992). Chemical. Characterization.

  11. Initial results of CryoSat-2 data from the Arctic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kildegaard Poulsen, Stine; Stenseng, Lars; Skourup, Henriette

    2011-01-01

    between the SAR backscatter and the CryoSat-2 data. The surface elevation is extracted from an 80% threshold retracker and a five parameter - retracker, and this is given with respect to the DTU10 Mean Sea Surface model (MSS). The results are compared with an Envisat ASAR image, and we show...

  12. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ansa-Asare, O. Vol 13, No 1 (2008) - Articles Total petroleum content and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon levels in soil and groundwater at the site of a fuel service station in Accra. Abstract. ISSN: 0855-2215. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More ...

  13. Agricultural and Food Science Journal of Ghana - Vol 6 (2007)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Effect of Cropping System and Mineral Fertilizer on Root Yield of Cassava · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. RN Issaka, M M Buri, D Asare, JK Senayah, MA Essien, 445-458. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/afsjg.v6i1.37533 ...

  14. Pramana – Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Pramana – Journal of Physics. N S Gajbhiye. Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics. Volume 70 Issue 2 February 2008 pp 313-321 Contributed papers. Re-dispersible Li and Eu co-doped CdS nanoparticles: Luminescence studies · N S Gajbhiye Raghumani Singh Ninghoujam Asar Ahmed D K ...

  15. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Opoku-Asare, NA. Vol 31, No 3 (2011) - Articles Girls' Motivation, Participation And Preference For Visual Arts Subjects In Four Senior High Schools In Central Region, Ghana Abstract PDF · Vol 32, No 1 (2012) - Articles Assessing the Suitability of Woven Fabric and Composite Textile Techniques for Mural Production

  16. Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review - Vol 17, No 2 (2001)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Socio-Economic and Environmental Impacts of Mining inBotswana: A Case Study of the Selebi-Phikwe Copper-Nickel Mine · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Bismarck Kwaku Asare, M. B. K. Darkoh, 1-42 ...

  17. Comparison of SAR Wind Speed Retrieval Algorithms for Evaluating Offshore Wind Energy Resources

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kozai, K.; Ohsawa, T.; Takeyama, Y.

    2010-01-01

    Envisat/ASAR-derived offshore wind speeds and energy densities based on 4 different SAR wind speed retrieval algorithms (CMOD4, CMOD-IFR2, CMOD5, CMOD5.N) are compared with observed wind speeds and energy densities for evaluating offshore wind energy resources. CMOD4 ignores effects of atmospheric...

  18. Amino sugars in suspended particulate matter from the Bay of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Amino sugars (AS)are important constituents of organic matter.However,very little is known about their cycling in marine waters.In this research,we assessed the distribution and cycling of these compounds in waters of the Bay of Bengal.For this purpose,samples of suspended particulate matter (SPM)were collected from 8 ...

  19. SAJS March 2011.indd

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011-03-07

    Mar 7, 2011 ... 16. Gordeuk VR. African iron overload. Semin Haematol 2002;39:263-269. 17. Asare GA, Bronze M, Naidoo V, et al. Interaction between aflatoxin B1 and dietary iron overload in hepatic mutagenesis. Toxicology 2007;234:157-166. 18. Siegel AB, Zhu AX. Metabolic syndrome and hepatocellular carcinoma.

  20. Building the case for biofortification: measuring and maximizing ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Building the case for biofortification: measuring and maximizing impact in the HarvestPlus program. N Johnson, D Asare-Marfo, M Zeller, E Birol. Abstract. This paper describes the research and related activities that HarvestPlus undertook at each stage of the research process—discovery, proof of concept, delivery at ...

  1. West African Journal of Applied Ecology - Vol 12, No 1 (2008)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Evaluation of urinary arsenic as an indicator of exposure to residents of Tarkwa, Ghana · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. KA Asante, T Agusa, R Kubota, A Subramanian, OD Ansa-Asare, CA Biney, S Tanabe. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/wajae.v12i1.

  2. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    matthew

    2014-09-12

    Sep 12, 2014 ... Ghana-Nigeria, 1957-70: A study in Inter-African discord. London: Zex Collins. Anarfi, J. K., Awusabo – Asare. K,. & Nsowah-Nuamah, N.N.N. (2000). Push and pull factors of international migration. Country Report: For Ghana, Eurostat. Working Papers E. Anarfi, J. K. (2004). International labour migration in ...

  3. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 51 - 73 of 73 ... EM Borteye, V Teye, AD Asare-Kyire. Vol 18 (2006) ... Vol 14 (2002), The marketing strategy for effective public library services in the Accra Metropolis, Abstract ... Vol 25, No 1 (2013), The role of mobile phones in facilitating communication among the Maasai pastoralists in Tanzania, Abstract. J Msuya, AS ...

  4. East African Medical Journal - Vol 80, No 8 (2003)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Visceral leishmaniasis with concomitant post kala-asar Dermal leishmaniasis responds to oral sitamaquine: case report, EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. J Mbui, R Rashid, H Lodenyo, P Nyakundi, R Kipmutai, G Mutuma, G Kirigi, D Kinoti, M Wasunna ...

  5. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Wasunna, M. Vol 80, No 8 (2003): - Articles Visceral leishmaniasis with concomitant post kala-asar Dermal leishmaniasis responds to oral sitamaquine: case report. Details PDF. ISSN: 0012-835X. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL ...

  6. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mbui, J. Vol 80, No 8 (2003): - Articles Visceral leishmaniasis with concomitant post kala-asar Dermal leishmaniasis responds to oral sitamaquine: case report. Details PDF. ISSN: 0012-835X. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's ...

  7. Ghana Medical Journal - Vol 48, No 3 (2014)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Aflatoxins and fumonisins contamination of home-made food (Weanimix) from cereal-legume blends for children · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. J Kumi, NJ Mitchell, GA Asare, E Dotse, F Kwaa, TD Phillips, N-A Ankrah, 121-126.

  8. Fire behavior in Mediterranean shrub species (Maquis)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    STORAGESEVER

    2008-11-19

    Nov 19, 2008 ... experimental fires were carried out in tall maquis fuels in Asar District, Antalya, southwestern Turkey. The site was selected ... 36°C. Of the fire behavior characteristics, rate of spread ranged from 0.38 to 7.35 m min-1, fuel consumption from ... and loam and sandy loam of limestone origin. The vegetation is.

  9. SAR Wave Mode Processing- Improvements Towards Sentinel-1 Mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnsen, Harald; Collard, Fabrice

    2013-03-01

    The Sentinel-1 level-2 (L2) ocean product (OCN) has been designed to deliver geophysical parameters related to the wind, waves and surface velocity to a large panel of end-users. Each L2 OCN product contains up to three geophysical components: the radial velocity (RVL), the ocean surface wind field (OWI) and the ocean swell wave spectra (OSW) components. The Sentinel-1 Level 2 OSW component is the two-dimensional ocean surface wave spectra estimated from a Sentinel-1 Level 1 Single-Look Complex (SLC) SAR image by inversion of the corresponding image cross-spectra. The cross spectra are computed by performing inter-looking in azimuth followed by co- and cross-spectra estimation among the detected individual look images. The image from which a single OSW is computed can be a SLC vignette from the WV mode, or a co-polarized subimage extracted from a SM SLC image. The experiences with ASAR have shown the need to improve the modulation transfer functions (MTF), especially the wind dependency in the RAR MTF. The OSW processing scheme is an upgraded version of the ASAR WM Level 2 processing accounting for these findings. The Sentinel-1 Level 2 OSW processing has been evaluated using ASAR WM and ASAR SM data, and preliminary key results are presented in this paper.

  10. Potential Impact of Large Scale Abstraction on the Quality of Shallow ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PRO

    Mgmt. 3: 205–217. Ansa-Asare O. D., Marr, I. L. and Cresser, M. S. (1999). Evaluation of cycling patterns of dissolved oxygen in a tropical lake as an indicator of biodegradable organic pollution. The Science of the Total Environment 231: 145–158. APHA WPCF (1975). Standard methods for the examination of water and ...

  11. African children's literature: a scholar's guide | Osaki | University of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper provides a selected check list of words by African children's literature s: Aardema, Appiah, Arnott, Asare, Kimenye, Meniru, Mollel, Odaga and Onadipe. It will serve as a useful starting point to scholars interested in studying and doing research on African children's literature. (University of Dar es Salaam Library ...

  12. Pramana – Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    dispersible Li+ and Eu3+ co-doped CdS nanoparticles: Luminescence studies. N S Gajbhiye Raghumani Singh Ninghoujam Asar Ahmed D K Panda S S Umare S J Sharma. Contributed papers Volume 70 Issue 2 February 2008 pp 313-321 ...

  13. EVALUASI KINERJA APARATUR PEMERINTAH KOTA BANDAR LAMPUNG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yulia Neta

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Pasal 12 Undang-Undang Nomor 43 Tahun 1999 tentang Perubahan Atas Undang-Undang Nomor 8 Tahun 1974 Tentang Pokok-Pokok Kepegawaian diatur bahwa Manajemen Pegawai Negeri Sipil diarahkan untuk menjamin penyelenggaraan tugas pemerintahan dan pembangunan secara berdaya guna dan berhasil guna, dan untuk mewujudkan penyelenggaraan tugas pemerintah dan pembangunan, diperlukan Pegawai Negeri Sipil yang profesional, bertanggung jawab, jujur, dan adil melalui pembinaan yang dilaksanakan berdasarkan sistem prestasi kerja dan sistem karier yang dititik beratkan pada sistem prestasi kerja. Berdasarkan Hal tersebut Penelitian ini akan melihat bagaimana Kinerja Apatur Pemerintah Kota Bandar Lampung dalam menjalankan tugas yang dibebankan kepadanya, berdasarkan Kebijaksanaan manajemen Pegawai Negeri Sipil. Hasil penelitian menyimpulkan bahwa Pemerintah Kota Bandar Lampung, mempunyai modal SDM yang produktif dan diharapkan dapat memberikan kontribusi yang optimal dalam penyelenggaraan Pemerintahan Daerah.

  14. Sistem Informasi Eksekutif Pemasaran Dengan Metode Drill Down

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Hadi Prayitno

    2017-09-01

    Selain itu, para pengambil keputusan, haruslah dapat memperoleh informasi dimamapun dan kapanpun, serta memperoleh informasi yang menyeluruh dalam sebuah tampilan. Hal ini dapat dilakukan dengan menciptakan sebuah system informasi eksekutif, termasuk dalam hal pemasaran. Sistem informasi eksekutuif pemasaran yang dibangun  dengan menggunakan metode Drill Down yang berfungsi untuk menampilkan informasi secara detail. Sistem akan menampilkan informasi berupa grafik dan table serta informasi yang bias dilihat secara terperinci. Sistem akan menjadi lebih efektif dan efisien jika menggunakan program berbasis web sebagai alat bantu. Data pemasaran disimpan ke dalam database guna mempermudah user dalam pencarian data. Sistem Informasi Eksekutif Pemasaran ini akan mempermudah seorang eksekutif dalam membuat sebuah keputusan guna kelangsungan perusahaan.Memperhatikan hal diatas, dan agar sistem informasi  eksekutif pemasaran dibangun sesuai dengan kebutuhan perusahaan, agar lebih terarah, maka harus dibangun dengan kaidah System Development Life Cycle (SDLC dengan harapan system informasi eksekutif pemasaran ini dapat digunakan oleh perusahaan.

  15. Pengaruh Proteksi Protein Bungkil Kelapa Sawit dengan Tanin terhadap Fermentabilitasnya secara In Vitro

    OpenAIRE

    Bakhtiar, Arnov Yusuf; Sutrisno, Sutrisno; Sunarso, Sunarso

    2013-01-01

    Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh level penambahan tanin daun mangrove guna memproteksi protein bungkil kelapa sawit terhadap fermentabilitasnya secara in vitro. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap dengan 4 perlakuan dan 4 ulangan. Kombinasi perlakuan adalah T0 (bungkil kelapa sawit+tanpa tanin), T1 (bungkil kelapa sawit+tanin 0,25%), T2 (bungkil kelapa sawit+tanin 0,50%), T3 (bungkil kelapa sawit+tanin 0,75%). Hasil penelitian diolah secara statistik dengan anali...

  16. Upaya Pengembangan Objek Wisata Di Kabupaten Simeulue Pasca Tsunami

    OpenAIRE

    Riko Mirad Sinarta

    2009-01-01

    Berlakunya UU No 22 Tahun 1999 tentang Pemerintahan Daerah yang secara efektif dilaksanakan pada bulan Januari 2001, secara riil merupakan titik tolak yang sangat strategis dalam mengelola aset-aset maupun potensi sumberdaya yang dimiliki serta memberdayakannya bagi pembangunan perekonomian daerah setempat. Hal ini bertujuan untuk menambah pendapatan daerah guna menunjang pembangunan daerah. Aset-aset maupun potensi sumber daya yang dimaksud ada bermacam-macam yang meliputi potensi wisata, po...

  17. Pola Penguasaan Tanah Sawah Secara Sistem Gilir Ganti pada Masyarakat Hukum Adat Kerinci

    OpenAIRE

    Idris, Isran

    2011-01-01

    Sistem gilir ganti sawah adalah pola penguasaan tanah sawah menurut Hukum Adat Kerinci. Sistem ini memberikan  bagi ahli waris perempuan untuk secara bergilir ganti dalam menggunakan atau pemakaiannya guna  mendapatkan hasilnya. Adanya sistem ini adalah pengaruh sistem kewarisan yang membedakan antara harta berat dan ringan. Banyaknya peserta dan persilangan gilir ganti sawah mempengaruhi pergerakan sistem dan masa tunggu setiap peserta untuk mendapatkan gilirannya.   Kata kunci: sistem gilir...

  18. Pergeseran Penerjemahan Bahasa Jepang ke dalam Bahasa Indonesia dalam Komik Fullmetal Alchemist Jilid 26-27 Karya Hiromu Arakawa

    OpenAIRE

    WIDYATMOKO, FEBI RANGGA

    2014-01-01

    Kata Kunci: Penerjemahan, Pergeseran Penerjemahan, Komik Terdapat banyak sekali bahasa yang berbeda-beda di dunia yang menyebabkan sulitnya orang-orang berkomunikasi dengan orang yang berbeda bahasa atau berkomunikasi dengan orang yang berbeda negara. Oleh karena itu perlu sekali adanya penerjemahan bahasa guna untuk membantu orang-orang berkomunikasi antar negara agar dapat mempermudah tanpa mempelajari bahasa lain. Walaupun begitu, karena bahasa di setiap negara memiliki aturannya sendiri-s...

  19. Penanganan Masalah Erosi Dan Sedimentasi Di Kawasan Kelurahan Perkamil

    OpenAIRE

    Fitriyah, Fifi Nur Fitriyah Nur; Halim, Fuad; Jasin, Muhammad I

    2014-01-01

    Erosi tanah dapat menyebabkan sedimentasi di sungai maupun di saluran drainase sehingga dapat mengurangi daya tampung saluran, seperti yang terjadi di Kawasan Kelurahan Perkamil, Kecamatan Tikala, Kota Manado. Seiring dengan berjalannya waktu maka pertumbuhan penduduk semakin pesat, sehingga mengakibatkan terjadinya Perubahan tata guna lahan di daerah lereng bukit kawasan Kelurahan Perkamil yang menimbulkan masalah erosi dan sedimentasi. Oleh karena itu dilakukan kajian terhadap “Penanganan M...

  20. Market Segmentation, Targeting, Dan Brand Positioning Dari Winston Premier Surabaya

    OpenAIRE

    Tania, Debby

    2014-01-01

    Sejak tahun 2012 mulai terasa bahwa bisnis properti mengalami kenaikan di Indonesia. Banyak masyarakat Indonesia berinvestasi pada properti karena dianggap aman dan menguntungkan. Sehingga muncul banyak produk properti baru di Indonesia. Perkembangan properti di Indonesia menjadi peluang besar bagi Agen Properti untuk dapat menjalankan bisnisnya. Winston Premier sebagai salah satu Agen properti di Surabaya Barat yang baru berdiri memerlukan strategi pemasaran yang tepat untuk digunakan guna b...

  1. DAYA TERIMA PRODUK COOKIES RUMPUT GANDUM SEBAGAI CEMILAN

    OpenAIRE

    Syahrir, Sri Sukmawaty; Jafar, Nurhaedar; Najamuddin, Ulfah

    2016-01-01

    Rumput gandum dikenal sebagai tanaman yang sangat kaya akan zat gizi baik makro maupun mikro. Untuk membuat rumput gandum dan produk olahannya menjadi lebih popular dan dapat diterima oleh masyarakat, rumput gandum dapat diolah menjadi cookies yang akan meningkatkan nilai guna dari rumput gandum. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui daya terima kedua produk cookies rumput gandum. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif. Ketiga produk cookies yang diujicobakan adalah produk cookie...

  2. PERANCANGAN E-COMMERCE PENJUALAN KOMPUTER DAN ALAT ELEKTRONIK BERBASIS WEB PADA TOKO DAMAR KOMPUTER PRINGSEWU

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmad Mustofa; Mutmainah Mutmainah

    2017-01-01

    Damar Komputer  adalah perusahaan yang bergerak di bidang penjualan komputer  dan alat elektronik lainnya.  Sangat perlu adanya kemudahan pelayanan untuk memudahkan pelanggan yang jauh dari jangkauan. Guna memfasilitasi itu semua dapat direalisasikan dengan toko online (E-Commerce). Aplikasi toko online yang dibangun ini bertujuan untuk membantu Damar Komputer  dalam hal pemasaran dan penjualan produk. Proses pembuatan program ini dimulai dengan menganalisa sistem yang telah ada di Damar Komp...

  3. Manufacturing of NAA laboratory clean room

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Suwoto; Hasibuan, Djaruddin

    2001-01-01

    The ''NAA laboratory clean room'' has been built in the Reactor Serba Guna G.A. Siwabessy building. The erection of ''AAN laboratory clean room'' doing by started of preparation of the ''manufacturing procedure'' refer to ''Design and manufacturing neutron activation analysis clean room laboratory''. Manufacturing process and erection doing refer to procedures makes. By providing of the ''AAN laboratory clean room'' can be cocluded that the research activity and the user sevises in P2TRR well meet to be done

  4. Efficacy of Malati Kashtha Churna (Jasminum officinale Linn.) for Dantadhavana

    OpenAIRE

    Rakesh R. Shukla

    2013-01-01

    In modern life, however due to lack of time and negligence; Oral hygiene not properly maintained. Malati having Tikta, kasaya rasa and katu vipak and Ushna, snigdha guna. Dantadhavana prevent us from Mukhadaurgandhya, Asyavairasya, Dantamala, Dantamalinta and Aruchi. Clinical trials on 40 individuals between the age group 20-50 years in both the sex were carried out. In Group A, 20 individuals were given Malati kashtha churna for Dantadhavana and in Group B, 20 individuals were given colgate ...

  5. Penataan Menara BTS (Cell Planning)

    OpenAIRE

    Prijono, Wahyu Adi

    2010-01-01

    Penataan menara/BTS merupakan proses master plan penataan menara telekomunikasi seluler berdasarkan estetika dan kesesuaian dengan KKOP ( Kawasan Keselamatan Operasional Penerbangan ) dan tata ruang wilayah suatu daerah guna mendapatkan jumlah menara yang optimal di suatu wilayah.Penataan Menara Master plan meliputi, analisis potensi pengguna telepon seluler sampai 5 tahun ke depan, Prediksi deman BTS, perhitungan kapasitas BTS 5 tahun kedepan, pemetaan pola penataan pemakaian menara / tower ...

  6. Ancient science of yogic life for academic excellence in university students

    OpenAIRE

    Tikhe, Sham Ganpat; Nagendra, H. R.; Tripathi, Neeraj

    2012-01-01

    Background: Academic excellence is essential to provide opportunities for students to work together to improve their understanding of concepts in their academic core. Academic excellence helps students to teach problem-solving and collaborative learning strategies. Objective: The objective of this study was to assess Guna (personality traits) in students undergoing Yoga Instructor's Course (YIC). Materials and Methods: In all, 68 YIC students with a mean age of 28.03 ? 9.38 years participated...

  7. Aplikasi Suspensi Semen untuk Meningkatkan Bioprospeksi Bambu sebagai Bahan Bangunan Lokal Pedesaan

    OpenAIRE

    Nastain; Nugroho, Paulus Setyo; Yanto

    2012-01-01

    Kelemahan bambu untuk bahan bangunan adalah bambu rentan terhadap gangguan jasad renik, serangga, Perubahan temperatur, dan air hujan. Sedangkan USAha pengawetan yang banyak dilakukan dinilai kurang effektif, karena memerlukan waktu yang lama, menimbulkan bau, dan merusak warna bambu atau garis-garis dekorasi bambu. Penelitian ini dilakukan guna menghasilkan bambu yang kuat, absorbsi kecil, tidak berbau, dan tetap memiliki garis-garis dekorasi, tetapi dengan proses waktu pengaw...

  8. Upaya Peningkatan Ekonomi Masyarakat Desa Melalui Corporate Social Responsibility

    OpenAIRE

    Etty Susilowati, Siti Mahmudah, Dewantari Putri*

    2017-01-01

    CSR atau yang biasa disebut dengan Tanggung Jawab Sosial dan Lingkungan Perusahaan merupakan sebuah kewajiban bagi Perusahaan yang kegiatan USAhanya dibidang/berkaitan dengan Sumber Daya Alam. Kegiatan CSR ini dilakukan dengan tujuan untuk mewujudkan pembangunan ekonomi berkelanjutan guna meningkatkan kualitas masyarakat setempat dan masyarakat pada umumnya maupun Perseroan itu sendiri. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk, Pertama mengetahui bagaimana pengaturan hukum antara PT PLN (Persero) Pemba...

  9. Konsolidasi Tanah: Studi Kasus Kecamatan Gedebage, Kota Bandung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marenda Ishak S

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available To create equal distribution of development, Gedebage region was developed as activity centre initiated by building a Sport Centre. In order to do so, a land consolidation program to collect citizen land was launched.  The program was carefully designed to protect people’s right on land and support the whole process. This study examines Land Consolidation Program. The research is carried out by Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA approach, using focus group discussion to collect data. The research showed that land consolidation activity was failed due to the absence of land legal document, lack of people participation and lack of government roles. Guna menciptakan pemerataan pembangunan, wilayah Gedebage dikembangkan sebagai pusat aktivitas yang diawali dengan pembangunan Pusat Olahraga (Sport Centre. Untuk itu, program konsolidasi tanah guna mengumpulkan tanah warga diluncurkan. Program tersebut dirancang dengan cermat untuk melindungi hak warga atas tanah, serta mendukung keseluruhan proses. Kajian ini meneliti Program Konsolidasi Tanah Gedebage, dengan pendekatan Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA, yang menggunakan diskusi kelompok terarah guna mengumpulkan data. Hasilnya, terlihat bahwa aktivitas konsolidasi tanah telah mengalami kegagalan karena ketiadaan dokumen legal menyangkut status tanah, kurangnya partisipasi penduduk, dan lemahnya peran pemerintah.

  10. Ancient science of yogic life for academic excellence in university students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tikhe, Sham Ganpat; Nagendra, H R; Tripathi, Neeraj

    2012-01-01

    Academic excellence is essential to provide opportunities for students to work together to improve their understanding of concepts in their academic core. Academic excellence helps students to teach problem-solving and collaborative learning strategies. The objective of this study was to assess Guna (personality traits) in students undergoing Yoga Instructor's Course (YIC). In all, 68 YIC students with a mean age of 28.03 ± 9.38 years participated in this single group pre-post study. The Personality Inventory data were collected before (pre) and after (post) the YIC. Means, standard deviations, Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, and Wilcoxon signed rank test were used for analyzing the data with the help of SPSS 16. The data analysis showed 11.33% decrease (P personality trait), 0.68% decrease (P =0.819) in Rajas Guna (violent personality trait), and 10.34% increase (P balanced personality trait) scores. This study suggests that YIC can result in the improvement of Sattva Guna (balance personality trait) among students, thus paving the way for their academic excellence.

  11. DINAMIKA PENULARAN MALARIA DI KABUPATEN BIAK NUMFOR PROVINSI PAPUA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunaryo Sunaryo

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Kabupaten Biak Numfor merupakan salah satu Kabupaten di kawasan Timur Indonesia yang mendapat bantuan Proyek lntensifikasi Pemberantasan Penyakit Menular - 4 Global Fund (IPM-4 GF. Bantuan proyek diarahkan untuk memberdayakan daerah dalam pengendalian malaria sehingga dapat menurunkan angka kesakitan dan kematian di wilayah tersebut. Diharapkan pada tahun 2005 kasus malaria menurun lebih dari 25% dibandingkan pada tahun 2002.Masalah malaria di Kabupaten Biak selama kurun waktu 3 tahun terahir menunjukkan angka cukup tinggi, dilihat dari angka malaria klinis pada tahun 2001 (17.334 kasus, 2002 (13.423 kasus, dan 2003 (10.016kasus.Upaya untuk mengatasi malaria di wilayah Biak Numfor sudah banyak dilakukan, baik dengan penemuan penderita melalui kader Pos Malaria Desa maupun upaya pemberantasan vektor dengan penyemprotan rumah dan kelambunisasi. Namun demikian malaria masih menjadi masalah serius di wilayah tersebut. Oleh karena itu untuk mengatasi masalah malaria perlu dilakukan survei secara komphrehensif guna menentukan pemilihan kegiatan intervensi pemberantasan vektor yang tepat guna, berhasil guna dan berdaya guna. Sehingga pepatah orang Papua yang mengatakan "Bukan orangPapua kalau tidak terkena malaria" akan dapat dihilangkan dari konsep tersebut.Pola penularan malaria ditiap satuan epidemiologi/ekologi berbeda-beda. Hal ini dipengaruhi oleh perbedaan lingkungan, jenis dan perilaku nyamuk penular (vektor, perilaku penduduk dan mutu pelayanan kesehatan setempat. Secara umum wilayah epidemiologi/ ekologi kabupaten Biak Numfor terbagi menjadi wilayah pantai dan sebagian kecil merupakan perbukitan. Oleh karena itu penentuan/pemilihan kegiatan intervensi pemberantasan vektor harus dibedakan sesuai kondisi epidemiologi/ekologi wilayah tersebut. Disamping itu perlu dikaji pola penularan malaria di setiap satuan epidemiologi/ekologi melalui Survei Dinamika Penularan.Dinamika Penularan Malaria adalah pola penularan malaria di satuan wilayah

  12. Use of microwave remote sensing data to monitor spatio temporal characteristics of surface soil moisture at local and regional scales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Löw

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Hydrologic processes, such as runoff production or evapotranspiration, largely depend on the variation of soil moisture and its spatial pattern. The interaction of electromagnetic waves with the land surface can be dependant on the water content of the uppermost soil layer. Especially in the microwave domain of the electromagnetic spectrum, this is the case. New sensors as e.g. ENVISAT ASAR, allow for frequent, synoptically and homogeneous image acquisitions over larger areas. Parameter inversion models are therefore developed to derive bio- and geophysical parameters from the image products. The paper presents a soil moisture inversion model for ENVISAT ASAR data for local and regional scale applications. The model is validated against in situ soil moisture measurements. The various sources of uncertainties, being related to the inversion process are assessed and quantified.

  13. Small Baseline Subset (SBAS) pixel density vs. geology and land use in semi-arid regions in Syria

    OpenAIRE

    Tapete, Deodato; Cigna, Francesca; Sowter, Andrew; Marsh, Stuart

    2015-01-01

    36 ENVISAT ASAR images acquired in 2002 to 2010 along descending passes with nominal revisiting time of 35 days were processed over the whole region of Homs, western Syria, by implementing the low-pass Small Baseline Subset (SBAS) technique. More than 280,000 coherent pixels with ~100m ground resolution were obtained. We analysed pixel spatial distribution in respect of local geology and land use, to assess to what extent these factors can influence the performance of ...

  14. Offshore Wind Potential in South India from Synthetic Aperture Radar

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hasager, Charlotte Bay; Bingöl, Ferhat; Badger, Merete

    The offshore wind energy potential for pre-feasibility in South India in the area from 77° to 80° Eastern longitude and 7° to 10° Northern latitude is observed from a total of 164 ENVISAT Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar (ASAR) satellite images during the years 2002 to 2011. All satellite scenes......-year mean and a general description of the winds and climate with monsoons in India is presented....

  15. Overseas Assignment of Sponsors who have Children with Disabilities Who Are Space-Required Students in the Department of Defense Dependents Schools (DoDDS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-03-01

    PO Staff are available to evaluate and provide services for children who have a diagnosis of autism , pervasive developmental delay, or similar severe...training (i.e., cane or guide dog ). c. Staff and Eguipment Available for Orthonedicallv Impaired Students (1) 01 Classrooms and building are fitted so as...are available to serve children with a diagnosis of autism , pervasive developmental delay, or with many behavioral features of autism . Class size is

  16. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 101 - 150 of 186 ... Issue, Title. Vol 9, No 3 (2017), Hunting practices and heavy metals concentrations in fresh and smoked wildmeats in Kumasi, Ghana, Abstract PDF. H.J. Ampofo, B. O. Emikpe, T.N. Asenso, D.A. Asare, R Yeboah, T.A. Jarikre, A. Jagun-Jubril. Vol 9, No 1 (2017), Impact of human wildlife conflict on ...

  17. Solid State Recrystallization of Single Crystal Ce:LSO Scintillator Crystals for High Resolution Detectors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    Advances in our knowledge of scintillation and semiconductor materials, plastics , organics, glass, synthesized nano-crystal fabrics and fluids as...are few electron traps leading to non-radioactive transitions that quench the primary scintillation mechanisms. In addition the host lattice has a...TR-10-69 Solid State Recrystallization of Single Crystal Ce:LSO Scintillator Crystals for High Resolution Detectors Approved for public release

  18. Fuzzy B-spline optimization for urban slum three-dimensional reconstruction using ENVISAT satellite data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marghany, Maged

    2014-06-01

    A critical challenges in urban aeras is slums. In fact, they are considered a source of crime and disease due to poor-quality housing, unsanitary conditions, poor infrastructures and occupancy security. The poor in the dense urban slums are the most vulnerable to infection due to (i) inadequate and restricted access to safety, drinking water and sufficient quantities of water for personal hygiene; (ii) the lack of removal and treatment of excreta; and (iii) the lack of removal of solid waste. This study aims to investigate the capability of ENVISAT ASAR satellite and Google Earth data for three-dimensional (3-D) slum urban reconstruction in developed countries such as Egypt. The main objective of this work is to utilize some 3-D automatic detection algorithm for urban slum in ENVISAT ASAR and Google Erath images were acquired in Cairo, Egypt using Fuzzy B-spline algorithm. The results show that the fuzzy algorithm is the best indicator for chaotic urban slum as it can discriminate between them from its surrounding environment. The combination of Fuzzy and B-spline then used to reconstruct 3-D of urban slum. The results show that urban slums, road network, and infrastructures are perfectly discriminated. It can therefore be concluded that the fuzzy algorithm is an appropriate algorithm for chaotic urban slum automatic detection in ENVSIAT ASAR and Google Earth data.

  19. Identification of suitable sites for rainwater harvesting structures in arid and semi-arid regions: A review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ammar Adham

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Harvested rainwater is an alternative source of water in arid and semi-arid regions (ASARs around the world. Many researchers have developed and applied various methodologies and criteria to identify suitable sites and techniques for rainwater harvesting (RWH. Determining the best method or guidelines for site selection, however, is difficult. The main objective of this study was to define a general method for selecting suitable RWH sites in ASARs by assembling an inventory of the main methods and criteria developed during the last three decades. We categorised and compared four main methodologies of site selection from 48 studies published in scientific journals, reports of international organisations, or sources of information obtained from practitioners. We then identified three main sets of criteria for selecting RWH locations and the main characteristics of the most common RWH techniques used in ASARs. The methods were diverse, ranging from those based only on biophysical criteria to more integrated approaches including socio-economic criteria, especially after 2000. The most important criteria for the selection of suitable sites for RWH were slope, land use/cover, soil type, rainfall, distance to settlements/streams, and cost. The success rate of RWH projects tended to increase when these criteria were considered, but an objective evaluation of these selection methods is still lacking. Most studies now select RHW sites using geographic information systems in combination with hydrological models and multi-criteria analysis.

  20. Fuzzy B-spline optimization for urban slum three-dimensional reconstruction using ENVISAT satellite data

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Marghany, Maged

    2014-01-01

    A critical challenges in urban aeras is slums. In fact, they are considered a source of crime and disease due to poor-quality housing, unsanitary conditions, poor infrastructures and occupancy security. The poor in the dense urban slums are the most vulnerable to infection due to (i) inadequate and restricted access to safety, drinking water and sufficient quantities of water for personal hygiene; (ii) the lack of removal and treatment of excreta; and (iii) the lack of removal of solid waste. This study aims to investigate the capability of ENVISAT ASAR satellite and Google Earth data for three-dimensional (3-D) slum urban reconstruction in developed countries such as Egypt. The main objective of this work is to utilize some 3-D automatic detection algorithm for urban slum in ENVISAT ASAR and Google Erath images were acquired in Cairo, Egypt using Fuzzy B-spline algorithm. The results show that the fuzzy algorithm is the best indicator for chaotic urban slum as it can discriminate between them from its surrounding environment. The combination of Fuzzy and B-spline then used to reconstruct 3-D of urban slum. The results show that urban slums, road network, and infrastructures are perfectly discriminated. It can therefore be concluded that the fuzzy algorithm is an appropriate algorithm for chaotic urban slum automatic detection in ENVSIAT ASAR and Google Earth data

  1. Kassandra say hello

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Paukovits, K.

    2002-01-01

    The development and construction of the biggest environmental research satellite (Envisat) lasted ten years, approx. 100 firms from 14 different countries (between them Austria) has participated. It circulates the earth in 100 minutes, 14 times per day. Every 35 days it fly over the same area. At least five years Envisat mission will last. It holds as main instruments: an Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar (ASAR), an Advanced Along Track Scanning Radiometer (AATSR), a Global Ozone Monitoring by the Occultation of Stars (GOMOS), a Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) and a Scanning Imaging Absorption Spectrometer for Atmospheric Cartography (SCIAMACHY). The data collected will provide the researchers a better understanding of the global warming, climate changes, ozone disintegration as well as oceans ice and vegetation changes. At present there are five Austrian projects, which will use data collected by these instruments: Austrian environmental research in the eastern Alps using ASAR and MERIS; Austrian studies of Ice/Climate interactions on Larsen Ice Shelf and in Dronning Maud Land; Antarctica, Austrian potential of ASAR global monitoring for soil moisture retrieval; Austrian retrieval of bio- and geo-physical parameters from a fusion of Envisat data and data from other SAR and optical sensors for alpine monitoring applications; Austrian atmospheric change analysis and Austrian monitoring of the snow cover and the snow melting process over Austrian alpine region. (nevyjel)

  2. Assimilating high resolution remotely sensed soil moisture into a distributed hydrologic model to improve runoff prediction: a case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mason, David; Garcia-Pintado, Javier; Cloke, Hannah; Dance, Sarah

    2017-04-01

    The susceptibility of a catchment to flooding during an extreme rainfall event is affected by its soil moisture condition prior to the event. This paper describes a study attempting to improve a distributed hydrological model by assimilating remotely sensed soil moisture in order to keep the model flow rate predictions on track in readiness for an intense rainfall event. The work is being funded within the SINATRA project of the UK NERC Flooding from Intense Rainfall (FFIR) programme. The recent launch of Sentinel-1 has stimulated interest in measuring soil moisture at high resolution suitable for hydrological studies using active SARs. One advantage of high resolution data may be that, when used in conjunction with land cover data, soil moisture values may be obtained over pixels of low vegetation cover (e.g. grassland). This may reduce the component of the backscattered signal due to vegetation, which for dense vegetation types may be a significant proportion of the whole. Additionally, backscatter contamination problems caused by mixed pixels containing unknown amounts of more than one land cover type within their coverage can be avoided. Sentinel-1 has been launched only recently, and has yet to build up a substantive sequence of flood event data suitable for analysis. As a result, ASAR WS data were used for this study. ASAR is C-band like Sentinel-1, and has a long data record. The hydrologic model HSPF was made fully spatially distributed to make it able to properly ingest the high resolution satellite surface soil moisture information, and to conduct assimilation analyses. A 1 km grid cell size was used. The study area covered the catchments of the Severn, Avon and Teme rivers (plus a further 4 sub-catchments) in the South West UK. The results of assimilating ASAR soil moisture readings over this area were compared with those of assimilating low resolution ASCAT readings. For the ASAR data, in each 1 km model grid cell, the 75 m surface soil moisture values

  3. PENDIDIKAN TEKHNOHUMANISTIK BERBASIS CORE ETHICAL VALUES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akmal Mundiri

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Globalisasi yang diantaranya berupa revolusi tekhnologi, transportasi, informasi dan komunikasi merupakan sebuah fakta yang tidak bisa dihindari dan pada akhirnya menjadikan dunia tanpa batas dan sekat. Oleh karenanya, pendidikan tentang pengetahuan dan tekhnologi harus menjadi garda terdepan guna menghadapi era globalisasi guna mengejar ketertinggalan. Mengingat, pendidikan ideal memang selalu bersifat antisipatif dan prepatoristik, yakni selalu mengacu ke masa depan, dan selalu mempersiapkan generasi muda untuk kehidupan masa depan yang jauh lebih baik, bermutu, dan bermakna tanpa kehilangan entitasnya. Akan tetapi, dewasa ini pendidikan bermakna telah kehilangan entitasnya karena masih sebatas transfer ilmu dan olah pikir, tetapi tidak membangun karakter siswa. Hal tersebut tentunya diakibatkan efek negative globalisasi terhadap pendidikan berpengaruh terhadap bergesernya orientasi pendidikan yang dikacaukan dalam proritas pelayanan persaingan global dari pada memelihara harmoni local sehingga pendidikan saat ini terkesan meredusir nilai-nilai budaya dan tunduk pada kepentingan industri dan kaum pemodal. Oleh karenanya, format pendidikan masa depan memang sudah seharusnya dirancang sedemikian rupa guna memberdayakan segala potensi kebangsaan dalam terma-terma nilai budaya tradisional dan terus berproses seiring dengan perkembangan zaman, dalam balutan tali temali kebudayaan nasional yang terberdayakan (empowerment. Model pendidikan karakter di masa depan harus disandarkan pada keluhuran dan kearifan nilai budaya lokal yang terbarukan. Salah satu model yang relevan untuk menjembatani keinginan tersebut adalah model pendidikan teknohumanistik, yaitu sebuah model rekayasa didaktik-metodik yang mentransformasikan budaya, sain, teknologi, dan nilai-nilai keadaban berdasarkan prinsip-prinsip harkat kemanusiaan, yang dalam aplikasinya bersandar pada nilai-nilai tradisional yang terbarukan dan terus berproses pada sumbu keunggulan lokal (local genius

  4. PENGEMBANGAN BUKU PENGAYAAN MEMPRODUKSI TEKS FABEL BERMUATAN NILAI BUDAYA UNTUK SISWA SMP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zulfa Fahmy

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Ada dua hal besar dan mendasar yang melatarbelakangi penelitian ini yaitu ketersediaan buku sebagai penunjang kurikulum dan terkikisnya karakter/moral bangsa yang sesuai dengan kebudayaan Indonesia. Kedua masalah ini mampu diatasi oleh pendekatan Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL dan Fabel yang diwujudkan dalam sebuah buku pengayaan. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode research and development. Buku pengayaan memproduksi teks cerita fabel bermuatan nilai budaya untuk siswa SMP dinyatakan efektif guna membimbing siswa dalam memproduksi sebuah fabel dengan muatan nilai budaya. Diharapkan buku pengayaan ini bisa digunakan dalam pembelajaran memproduksi teks cerita fabel. Dengan seperti itu ketersediaan buku yang memuat pendidikan moral/karakter dapat diatasi.

  5. UPAYA PENINGKATAN PRODUKTIVITAS DALAM USAHA PEMBESARAN UDANG GALAH (Macrobrachium rosenbergii de Man

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ikhsan Khasani

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Budidaya udang galah mengalami perkembangan yang cukup pesat, khususnya pada sektor pembesaran. Namun demikian, pada kondisi di lapangan masih sering muncul berbagai kendala, disebabkan belum tersosialisasikan sistem budidaya dan kurangnya penguasaan teknologi spesifik dalam budidaya udang galah. Oleh karena itu, sosialisasi teknologi tepat guna dalam mendukung perkembangan udang galah menjadi hal yang sangat penting dalam rangka lebih dimengertinya sistem budidaya udang galah. Upaya peningkatan produktivitas dalam usaha pembesaran udang galah dapat dilakukan dengan penerapan intensivikasi pemeliharaan dan pengembangan sentra budidaya.

  6. PENGEMBANGAN BUKU AJAR BIOLOGI SEL DENGAN PENDEKATAN BIOINFORMATIKA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ardini Pangastuti

    2016-02-01

    Buku ajar merupakan buku panduan pembelajaran yang digunakan oleh siswa guna membantu mencapai tujuan pendidikan nasional. Pengembangan buku ajar merupakan salah satu cara yang dilakukan untuk memfasilitasi tercapainya indikator pembelajaran. Pengembangan buku ajar Biologi Sel dengan pendekatan Bioinformatika menggunakan model pengembangan Dick and Carey. Buku ajar yang dikembangkan divalidasi oleh ahli materi, ahli media pembelajaran, 15 mahasiswa uji coba perorangan, dan 15 mahasiswa uji coba kelompok sedang. Hasil validasi ahli materi menyatakan layak sebesar 84% dengan kategori baik. Hasil validasi ahli media pembelajaran menyatakan layak sebesar 82,4% dengan kategori baik.

  7. Beam dynamics in an initial part of a high Brightness electron linac

    CERN Document Server

    Ayzatsky, M I; Dovbnya-Kushnir, V A

    2001-01-01

    The paper is focused on problems of obtained a bright electron beam in a system that includes a grid-controlled electron gun,a klystron type type subharmonical buncher, a standing wave fundamental buncher with increasing accelerating field and a short travelling wave accelerating section. Beam focusing is provided by a longitudinal solenoidal magnetic field.It was shown that the proposed system can provide electron bunches with a peak current more than 100 A and normalized r.m.s. emittance no more than phi centre dot mm centre dot mrad.

  8. KEBIJAKAN FORMULASI SANKSI TINDAKAN BAGI PENGGUNA DALAM TINDAK PIDANA NARKOTIKA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hatarto Pakpahan

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Drug abusers to yourself (addicts basically get bail rehabilitation but the criminal provisions of Article 127 of Law Repulik Indonesian law number 35 of 2009 on Narcotics with the threat of imprisonment . In the practice of law enforcement when someone is abusing narcotics for yourself also applied criminal Article 111 and Article 112 or Article 114 because even meet the elements of:  have, save,master, and or buy. This paper aims to find , test and analyze whether the sanctions measures can be used as an alternative form of sanctions, and the sanctions that can be used as an alternative sanction in the reformulation of narcotic crime in the future . This paper is made based on the results of research using the normative with Statute Approach, Case Approach , Conceptual Approach and Comparative Approach . The results showed that the drug abusers themselves should only be penalized in the form of medical rehabilitation measures and social rehabilitation for drug abusers are victims as well as sick people who should get treatment so it can recover . Although his actions comply with Article 111 and Article 112 or Article 114 even if the mens rea is to be used for the actors themselves to be in rehab. Key words: abusers, victims, narcotics, rehabilitation   Abstrak Penyalah guna narkotika bagi diri sendiri (pecandupada dasarnya mendapatkan jaminan rehabilitasi akan tetapi dalam ketentuan pidana pasal 127 undang undang no 35 tahun 2009 tentang Narkotika dengan ancaman pidana penjara. Dalam praktek ketika seseorang yang menyalahgunakan narkotika bagi diri sendiri juga diterapkan pidana pasal 111 dan atau pasal 112 bahkan pasal 114 karena juga memenuhi unsur “memiliki”, “menyimpan”, “menguasai” dan atau “membeli”.Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui, menguji dan menganalisis apakah sanksi tindakan dapat dijadikan sebagai alternatif sanksi serta bentuk sanksi tindakan yang dapat dijadikan sebagai sanksi alternatif dalam

  9. VALUASI EKONOMI BIODIVERSITY KARS: STUDI KASUS VALUASI EKONOMI KAWASAN KARS MAROS, SULAWESI SELATAN (Economic Valuation of Karst Biodiversity: A Case Study of Karst Region in Maros, South Sulawesi, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustami Gustami

    2002-07-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Studi ini bertujuan untuk menghitung nilai ekonomi total dari kawasan kars Maros Sulawesi Selatan. Studi berlokasi di Taman Wisata Alam bantimurung, Cagar Alam Karaenta, dan Taman Wisata Alam Gua Pattunang. Kegiatan ini merupakan kerjasama Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Collaborative Environmental Project in Indonesia (CEPI dengan melibatkan Staf Bapedal Regional III Makassar, Pemda Maros, Universitas Muhammadiyah dan Universitas Hasanuddin Ujung Pandang. Pendekatan biaya perjalanan adalah yang pertama dikaji untuk menghitung nilai guna langsung dari kegiatan rekreasi. Penghitungan nilai tidak langsung keberadaan kawasan kars beserta hutannya yang didasarkan pada nilai dari fungsinya sebagai sumber air dan pencegah terjadinya banjir dan longsor. Nilai preservasi kawasan kars yang dinilai dengan menghitung keinginan membayar pengunjung untuk konservasi kupu-kupu dan kumbang,perbaikan lingkungan terutama yang berkaitan dengan kebersihan, keindahan dan kesejukan dengan jumlah kunjungan pertahun. Berdasarkan hasil analisis, nilai ekonomi total yang terdiri dari nilai guna langsung, nilai guna tidak langsung serta nilai bukan guna (non use value yang berupa nilai preservasi adalah Rp. 639,556,607,830,-. Walaupun kenyataannya masih banyak nilai ekonomi lain yang belum dikaji, namun studi ini telah mengungkapkan sebagian nilai ekonomi kawasan kars yang dimanfaatkan oleh masyarakat sekitar ataupun masyarakat di luar yang mengunjungi kawasan ini untuk menikmati fenomena “kars tropika klasik” Maros.   ABSTRACT The objective of this study is to assess total economic values of karst region in Maros, South Sulawesi, spesifically at Taman wisata alam Bantimurung, Cagar alam Karaenta, and Taman Wisata Alam Gua Pattunuang. This activity was a joint project between the Ministry of Environmental Republic of Indonesia and the Collaborative Environmental Project in Indonesia (CEPI involving staff of BAPEDAL Regional III, Makassar, local government of

  10. Optimalisasi Pengelolaan dan Pemanfaatan Aset Tanah dan Bangunan Perguruan Tinggi Negeri (PTN yang Melaksanakan Pengelolaan Keuangan Badan Layanan Umum (PK BLU0 dalam Rangka Meningkatkan Pelayanan Pendidikan

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    Dewi Kania Sugiharti

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Perguruan Tinggi Negeri Pengelolaan Keuangan Badan Layanan Umum (PTN-PK BLU merupakan instansi pemerintah yang diberi kewenangan untuk melakukan pengelolaan keuangan badan layanan umum, dengan tujuan untuk meningkatkan pelayanan bidang pendidikan kepada masyarakat dalam rangka mencerdaskan kehidupan bangsa. Fleksibilitas dalam pengelolaan keuangan PTNPKBLU berdasarkan prinsip ekonomi dan produktivitas, serta penerapan praktik bisnis yang sehat. Berdasarkan PP Nomor 23 Tahun 2005 dan PP Nomor 6 Tahun 2006 sebagaimana telah diubah dengan PP Nomor 38 Tahun 2008, fleksibilitas tersebut hanya berlaku dalam pengelolaan keuangan. Tanah dan bangunan yang berada dalam penguasaan PTNPKBLU, wajib dipergunakan sesuai dengan tugas pokok dan fungsi PTNPKBLU tersebut. Secara normatif, tidak ada ketentuan yang memberikan wewenang kepada kuasa pengguna barang untuk memanfaatkannya untuk tujuan lain. Aturan memberi peluang untuk mendayagunakan barang milik negara yang tidak dipergunakan sesuai dengan tugas pokok dan fungsi, yaitu dalam bentuk sewa, pinjam pakai, kerja sama pemanfaatan, dan bangun serah guna/bangun guna serah dengan tidak mengubah status kepemilikan, namun pemanfaatan tersebut hanya dapat dilakukan oleh pengelola barang, bukan oleh kuasa pengguna barang. Dalam hal ini, kuasa pengguna barang milik negara hanya berwenang dan bertanggung jawab untuk menyerahkan tanah dan/atau bangunan yang tidak dimanfaatkan untuk kepentingan penyelenggaraan tugas pokok dan fungsi kantor yang dipimpinnya tersebut, kepada pengguna barang. Abstract State University implementing PK BLU is a government agency with the right to use Pengelolaan Keuangan Badan Layanan Umum (PK BLU to better increase educational service in order to improve the intellectual life of the people of Indonesia. Flexibility in a State University implementing PK BLU has to be based on economic principles, productivity, and fairness. Based on Government Regulation 23/2005 and Government

  11. Manufacturing of Sample Transfer of Rabbit System

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hasibuan, Djaruddin

    2004-01-01

    The samples transfer of rabbit system, has been built in the Reactor Serba Guna G.A. Siwabessy building. The erection of the samples transfer of rabbit system, doing by started of preparation the Manufacturing procedure refer to Final design of the facility of rabbit system transfer. Manufacturing process and erection doing refer to procedures makes. By providing of the Samples transfer of rabbit system can be concluded that the research activity and users services in P2TRR well meet to be done. (author)

  12. Kebijakan Publik Dalam Konstelasi Paradigma Pembangunan Kesejahteraan Sosial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ronawaty Asiru

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Tulisan ini akan menyampaikan beberapa gagasan mengenai peran Negara dalam kebijakan publik dan pembangunan sosial, khususnya yang menyangkut pembangunan kesejahteraan sosial di Indonesia. Tulisan ini dilandasi argumen bahwa menguatnya arus globalisasi dan liberalism ekonomi melahirkan kesempatan-kesempatan dan pilihan-pilihan baru dalam berbagai bidang pembangunan. Namun demikian, kapitalisme sebagai anak kandung globalisasi dan sekaligus poros dari liberalisme ekonomi juga menciptakan tantangan-tantangan baru bagi pembangunan Indonesia. Kebijakan publik yang pro pembangunan sosial diperlukan guna me-rebounding dominasi globalisasi dan kapitalisme sehingga tidak menabrak keadilan dan kesejahteraan sosial.

  13. Servqual Method: Analisis Kualitas Pelayanan Beauty Advisor Sari Ayu Martha Tilaar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ami Widyastuti

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisa kualitas pelayanan beauty advisor Sari Ayu Martha Tilaar guna meningkatkan kualitas pelayanan pada konsumen. Pengambilan data menggunakan skala kualitas pelayanan yang disusun berdasarkan metode Servqual dari (Parasuraman, dkk., 1988 pada 72 orang konsumen Sari Ayu Martha Tilaar. Sampel diambil dengan menggunakan teknik insidental random sampling. Analisis data menggunakan pengukuran gap 5 dari metode Servqual. Hasil penelitian menemukan ada kesenjangan pelayanan (service gap antara persepsi dan harapan konsumen sebesar -81.09 dimana nilai minus disini berarti, kinerja kerja beauty advisor Sari Ayu Martha Tilaar berada pada kategori rendah. Kesimpulannya, beauty advisor sebagai garda lini depan dalam pemasaran belum bekerja secara optimal.

  14. Servqual Method: Analisis Kualitas Pelayanan Beauty Advisor Sari Ayu Martha Tilaar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ami Widyastuti

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisa kualitas pelayanan beauty advisor Sari Ayu Martha Tilaar guna meningkatkan kualitas pelayanan pada konsumen. Pengambilan data menggunakan skala kualitas pelayanan yang disusun berdasarkan metode Servqual dari (Parasuraman, dkk., 1988 pada 72 orang konsumen Sari Ayu Martha Tilaar. Sampel diambil dengan menggunakan teknik insidental random sampling. Analisis data menggunakan pengukuran gap 5 dari metode Servqual. Hasil penelitian menemukan ada kesenjangan pelayanan (service gap antara persepsi dan harapan konsumen sebesar -81.09 dimana nilai minus disini berarti, kinerja kerja beauty advisor Sari Ayu Martha Tilaar berada pada kategori rendah. Kesimpulannya, beauty advisor sebagai garda lini depan dalam pemasaran belum bekerja secara optimal.

  15. KONTRIBUSI PERDAGANGAN INTERNASIONAL BAGI PEMBANGUNAN BANGSA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sugiharini Sugiharini

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available tujuan dalam penulisan artikel ini adalah guna mengungkap berbagai manfaat dari perdagangan internasional bagi pembangunan ekonomi suatu bangsa. Beberapa manfaat dari perdagangan internasional  antara lain : (1 mendatangkan devisa yang besar terutama bagi eksportir dan produsen, (2 kenaikan sisi eksport akan menambah kapasitas produksi / volume produksi yang berakibat pada tersedianya kesempatan kerja baru, (3 terjadinya transfer barang yang akan diikuti dengan masuknya modal kedalam negeri, (4 manfaat keempat terjadinya transfer teknologi dari luar kedalam negeri. Akhirnya mengingat arti pentingnya perdagangan internasional bagi pembangunan ekonomi, maka diera globalisasi ini, perdagangan internasional sudah menjadi kebutuhan bagi setiap bangsa yang ingin maju khususnya dibidang ekonomitujuan dalam penulisan artikel ini adalah guna mengungkap berbagai manfaat dari perdagangan internasional bagi pembangunan ekonomi suatu bangsa. Beberapa manfaat dari perdagangan internasional  antara lain : (1 mendatangkan devisa yang besar terutama bagi eksportir dan produsen, (2 kenaikan sisi eksport akan menambah kapasitas produksi / volume produksi yang berakibat pada tersedianya kesempatan kerja baru, (3 terjadinya transfer barang yang akan diikuti dengan masuknya modal kedalam negeri, (4 manfaat keempat terjadinya transfer teknologi dari luar kedalam negeri. Akhirnya mengingat arti pentingnya perdagangan internasional bagi pembangunan ekonomi, maka diera globalisasi ini, perdagangan internasional sudah menjadi kebutuhan bagi setiap bangsa yang ingin maju khususnya dibidang ekonomi

  16. ANALISIS PRODUCT MAPPING DAYA SAING EKSPOR PRODUK PRIMER INDONESIA DAN CHINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sulthon Sjahril Sabaruddin

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available This research attempts to analyze the mapping competition of the Indonesian and Chinese primary products in order to identify and map the strengths and weaknesses of Indonesian products vis-à-vis China. To examine this, the study uses tools such as the SMART Model (Software for Market Analysis and Restrictions on Trade, Social Accounting Matrix 2008 (SAM 2008, Normalized Revealed Comparative Advantage (NRCA and the Product Mapping. The results of the competition analysis found that Indonesia which rely on the export of primary products, in overall it is predicted to win the competition against China as the Indonesian primary products have better competitiveness than China. However, in the future, the competition will be fiercer, therefore, Indonesia should make efforts to improve further the competitiveness of Indonesian exports. Penelitian ini dimaksudkan untuk mengevaluasi peta persaingan produk primer Indonesia dan China guna mengidentifikasi dan memetakan kekuatan dan kelemahan produk Indonesia dalam persaingan dengan produk-produk primer asal China. Guna menelaah studi ini, beberapa perangkat dimanfaatkan yakni SMART Model (Software for Market Analysis and Restrictions on Trade, Sistem Neraca Sosial Ekonomi 2008 (SNSE 2008, Normalized Revealed Comparative Advantage (NRCA dan Product Mapping. Hasil analisis peta persaingan kedua negara, Indonesia yang mengandalkan ekspor produk primer diperkirakan secara keseluruhan unggul dibandingkan produk primer dari China karena Indonesia memiliki daya saing yang lebih baik dibandingkan China. Namun demikian, perlu diperhatikan bahwa persaingan ke depan akan berlangsung semakin ketat, oleh karena itu Indonesia perlu melakukan upaya untuk meningkatkan daya saing ekspor Indonesia.

  17. ANALISIS KEGAGALAN SOOTBLOWER TERHADAP PERPINDAHAN PANAS DI PIPA BOILER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurul Chandra Purnama

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral (ESDM menyebut konsumsi listrik nasional saat ini masih terbilang mini, yaitu seperempat dari indikator negara maju di dunia. Dengan angka 956 per Kilowatt-hour (kWh per kapita, konsumsi listrik Indonesia baru mencapai 23,9 persen dari konsumsi listrik negara maju sebanyak 4 ribu kWh per kapita. Salah satu komponen utama pada sistem pembangkit adalah boiler. Uap hasil produksi Boiler ini digunakan untuk memutar turbine yang akan menggerakkan generator guna menghasilkan listrik. Sootblower merupakan peralatan penunjang pada boiler yang berfungsi untuk membersihkan jelaga. Oleh karena itu peranan sootblower sangat penting dalam menjaga effisiensi boiler. Tujuan dari dilakukan analisis ini adalah mampu mengidentifikasi penurunan perpindahan panas yang terjadi pada pipa boiler, mengidentifikasi faktor penyebab kegagalan pada Sootblower, mengurangi energi yang terbuang akibat pengoperasian Sootblower. Metode penelitian untuk melakukan pelaksanaan analisis sootblower ini terdiri atas berbagai bagian, antara lain: studi literatur, proses pengumpulan data, kemudian data diolah dan dilakukan analisis guna mengetahui penyebab kegagalan pada sootblower. Hasil dari analisis kegagalan pada sootblower ini didapatkan bahwa sootblower gagal beroperasi karena ada masalah pada lance tube yang sering bengkok sehingga mempengaruhi proses perpindahan panas di pipa boiler, oleh sebab itu di rekomendasikan untuk penggantian material lance tube dari carbon steel A105 dengan defleksi 1,1 m menjadi chrome moly (AISI 4130 dengan defleksi 1,05 cm  dan dilakukan perawatan sootblower lebih baik dan rutin lagi.

  18. PENGAMATAN LOGAM BERAT PADA SEDIMEN PERAIRAN WADUK CIRATA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adang Saputra

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Waduk Cirata merupakan waduk serbaguna yang terletak di tiga kabupaten yaitu: Purwakarta, Cianjur, dan Bandung Provinsi Jawa Barat, telah mengalami penurunan daya guna akibat pengaruh lingkungan yang terlalu berat. Penurunan daya guna tersebut bisa bersifat fisik, kimia, maupun biologi. Salah satu kontaminan yang masuk ke Waduk Cirata adalah terakumulasinya logam berat di dasar perairan (sedimen. Untuk mengukur konsentrasi logam berat pada sedimen, dilakukan dengan pengambilan contoh sedimen pada bagian hulu, tengah, dan hilir Waduk Cirata. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa konsentrasi logam berat tertinggi yaitu: F (besi konsentrasinya sebesar 29,495 mg/kg, Hg (merkuri konsentrasinya pada sedimen sebesar 26,83 mg/kg, kemudian disusul oleh logam berat Pb (timbal sebesar 2,38 mg/kg; dan terakhir logam Cd (kadmium sebesar 0,29 mg/kg. Tingginya konsentrasi logam berat pada sedimen tersebut dapat berpotensi meningkatkan akumulasi logam berat pada ikan yang dipelihara baik melalui rantai makanan maupun osmeroegulasi. Dari hasil analisis terhadap daging ikan patin ternyata peningkatan akumulasi logam berat terjadi pada akhir pemeliharaan jika dibandingkan dengan awal pemeliharaan. Dampak lain dari tingginya akumulasi logam berat bisa merusak jaringan organ tubuh ikan dan pada akhirnya mengakibatkan kematian ikan.

  19. Implikasi Kesepakatan ASEAN Banking Integration Framework (ABIF terhadap Pembaruan Hukum Perbankan Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tri Handayani

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Kesepakatan ASEAN Banking Integration Framework (ABIF yang akan dilaksanakan pada Tahun 2020 akan mengubah tatanan hukum Perbankan Indonesia. UU No: 7 Tahun 1992 sebagaimana telah diubah dengan UU No: 10 Tahun 1998 Tentang Perbankan dianggap tidak dapat lagi digunakan sebagai payung hukum untuk mengatur perubahan aktivitas perbankan Indonesia, khususnya untuk memanfaatkan peluang bersaing dengan Bank-bank dari negara ASEAN yang akan beroperasi di Indonesia. Oleh karena itu, diperlukan pembaruan hukum perbankan yang dapat menjadi landasan hukum yang kokoh bagi aktivitas perbankan Indonesia untuk mempersiapkan diri guna mengantisipasi perkembangan perbankan global. Pemerintah telah menerbitkan UU No : 9 Tahun 2016 Tentang Pencegahan dan Penanganan Krisis Sistem Keuangan (UU PPKSK, yang merefleksikan pentingnya kebijakan makroprudensial untuk mecegah dan mengurangi risiko sistemik dan meningkatkan ketahanan sistem keuangan, yang sebagian besar merupakan kontribusi perbankan.Selain itu, pemerintah telah menggagas Rancangan UU Perbankan guna memenuhi standar regulasi yang dituntut dan diperlukan oleh perkembangan perbankan global.Kata kunci: perkembangan perbankan global, pembaruan hukum perbankan. 

  20. GROUND SUBSIDENCE ALONG SHANGHAI METRO LINE 6 BY PS-InSAR METHOD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Wu

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available With the rapid development of urban economy, convenient, safe, and efficient urban rail transit has become the preferred method for people to travel. In order to ensure the safety and sustainable development of urban rail transit, the PS-InSAR technology with millimeter deformation measurement accuracy has been widely applied to monitor the deformation of urban rail transit. In this paper, 32 scenes of COSMO-SkyMed descending images and 23 scenes of Envisat ASAR images covering the Shanghai Metro Line 6 acquired from 2008 to 2010 are used to estimate the average deformation rate along line-of-sight (LOS direction by PS-InSAR method. The experimental results show that there are two main subsidence areas along the Shanghai Metro Line 6, which are located between Wuzhou Avenue Station to Wulian Road Station and West Gaoke Road Station to Gaoqing Road Station. Between Wuzhou Avenue Station and Wulian Road Station, the maximum displacement rate in the vertical direction of COSMO-SkyMed images is −9.92 mm/year, and the maximum displacement rate in the vertical direction of Envisat ASAR images is −8.53 mm/year. From the West Gaoke Road Station to the Gaoqing Road Station, the maximum displacement rate in the vertical direction of COSMO-SkyMed images is −15.53 mm/year, and the maximum displacement rate in the vertical direction of Envisat ASAR images is −17.9 mm/year. The results show that the ground deformation rates obtained by two SAR platforms with different wavelengths, different sensors and different incident angles have good consistence with each other, and also that of spirit leveling.

  1. Combined use of optical and radar satellite data for the monitoring of irrigation and soil moisture of wheat crops

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fieuzal, R.; Duchemin, B.; Jarlan, L.; Zribi, M.; Baup, F.; Merlin, O.; Hagolle, O.; Garatuza-Payan, J.

    2011-04-01

    The objective of this study is to get a better understanding of radar signal over irrigated wheat fields and to assess the potentialities of radar observations for the monitoring of soil moisture. Emphasis is put on the use of high spatial and temporal resolution satellite data (Envisat/ASAR and Formosat-2). Time series of images were collected over the Yaqui irrigated area (Mexico) throughout one agricultural season from December 2007 to May 2008, together with measurements of soil and vegetation characteristics and agricultural practices. The comprehensive analysis of these data indicates that the sensitivity of the radar signal to vegetation is masked by the variability of soil conditions. On-going irrigated areas can be detected all over the wheat growing season. The empirical algorithm developed for the retrieval of topsoil moisture from Envisat/ASAR images takes advantage of the Formosat-2 instrument capabilities to monitor the seasonality of wheat canopies. This monitoring is performed using dense time series of images acquired by Formosat-2 to set up the SAFY vegetation model. Topsoil moisture estimates are not reliable at the timing of plant emergence and during plant senescence. Estimates are accurate from tillering to grain filling stages with an absolute error about 9% (0.09 m3 m-3, 35% in relative value). This result is attractive since topsoil moisture is estimated at a high spatial resolution (i.e. over subfields of about 5 ha) for a large range of biomass water content (from 5 and 65 t ha-1 independently from the viewing angle of ASAR acquisition (incidence angles IS1 to IS6).

  2. Remote sensing for mapping soil moisture and drainage potential in semi-arid regions: Applications to the Campidano plain of Sardinia, Italy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Filion, Rébecca; Bernier, Monique; Paniconi, Claudio; Chokmani, Karem; Melis, Massimo; Soddu, Antonino; Talazac, Manon; Lafortune, Francois-Xavier

    2016-02-01

    The aim of this study is to investigate the potential of radar (ENVISAT ASAR and RADARSAT-2) and LANDSAT data to generate reliable soil moisture maps to support water management and agricultural practice in Mediterranean regions, particularly during dry seasons. The study is based on extensive field surveys conducted from 2005 to 2009 in the Campidano plain of Sardinia, Italy. A total of 12 small bare soil fields were sampled for moisture, surface roughness, and texture values. From field scale analysis with ENVISAT ASAR (C-band, VV polarized, descending mode, incidence angle from 15.0° to 31.4°), an empirical model for estimating bare soil moisture was established, with a coefficient of determination (R(2)) of 0.85. LANDSAT TM5 images were also used for soil moisture estimation using the TVX slope (temperature/vegetation index), and in this case the best linear relationship had an R(2) of 0.81. A cross-validation on the two empirical models demonstrated the potential of C-band SAR data for estimation of surface moisture, with and R(2) of 0.76 (bias +0.3% and RMSE 7%) for ENVISAT ASAR and 0.54 (bias +1.3% and RMSE 5%) for LANDSAT TM5. The two models developed at plot level were then applied over the Campidano plain and assessed via multitemporal and spatial analyses, in the latter case against soil permeability data from a pedological map of Sardinia. Encouraging estimated soil moisture (ESM) maps were obtained for the SAR-based model, whereas the LANDSAT-based model would require a better field data set for validation, including ground data collected on vegetated fields. ESM maps showed sensitivity to soil drainage qualities or drainage potential, which could be useful in irrigation management and other agricultural applications. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  3. Limitations and potential of satellite imagery to monitor environmental response to coastal flooding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramsey, Elijah W.; Werle, Dirk; Suzuoki, Yukihiro; Rangoonwala, Amina; Lu, Zhong

    2012-01-01

    Storm-surge flooding and marsh response throughout the coastal wetlands of Louisiana were mapped using several types of remote sensing data collected before and after Hurricanes Gustav and Ike in 2008. These included synthetic aperture radar (SAR) data obtained from the (1) C-band advance SAR (ASAR) aboard the Environmental Satellite, (2) phased-array type L-band SAR (PALSAR) aboard the Advanced Land Observing Satellite, and (3) optical data obtained from Thematic Mapper (TM) sensor aboard the Land Satellite (Landsat). In estuarine marshes, L-band SAR and C-band ASAR provided accurate flood extent information when depths averaged at least 80 cm, but only L-band SAR provided consistent subcanopy detection when depths averaged 50 cm or less. Low performance of inundation mapping based on C-band ASAR was attributed to an apparent inundation detection limit (>30 cm deep) in tall Spartina alterniflora marshes, a possible canopy collapse of shoreline fresh marsh exposed to repeated storm-surge inundations, wind-roughened water surfaces where water levels reached marsh canopy heights, and relatively high backscatter in the near-range portion of the SAR imagery. A TM-based vegetation index of live biomass indicated that the severity of marsh dieback was linked to differences in dominant species. The severest impacts were not necessarily caused by longer inundation but rather could be caused by repeated exposure of the palustrine marsh to elevated salinity floodwaters. Differential impacts occurred in estuarine marshes. The more brackish marshes on average suffered higher impacts than the more saline marshes, particularly the nearshore coastal marshes occupied by S. alterniflora.

  4. Remote sensing research for spatial assessment of woody structure in African savannahs & woodlands –past, on-going, and future work by the CSIR

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Mathieu, Renaud SA

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available profiles (from pseudo-voxel analysis) (Asner et al, 2007) - Biomass models Box 3: SAR, Products & Studies • E.g. of spaceborne satellites: RADARSAT 1-2; ENVISAT-ASAR; ALOS-POLSAR & TerraSAR-X • Permits the usage of various analytical techniques: 1... Network Meeting. Kruger National Park, South Africa, 19-24 April 2009, Pages: 27 http://www.eorc.jaxa.jp/ALOS/en/img_up/pal_polarization.htm http://www.gpsworld.com/gis/earth-imaging-and-remote-sensing/the-science-synthetic-aperture-radar-4843 http...

  5. Sea Ice Deformation State From Synthetic Aperture Radar Imagery - Part II: Effects of Spatial Resolution and Noise Level

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dierking, Wolfgang; Dall, Jørgen

    2008-01-01

    C- and L-band airborne synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imagery acquired at like- and cross-polarization over sea ice under winter conditions is examined with the objective to study the discrimination between level ice and ice deformation features. High-resolution low-noise data were analysed in th...... ice. The retrieval of deformation parameters using simulated images that resemble ERS-2 SAR, Envisat ASAR and ALOS PALSAR data products is discussed. Basic differences between real and simulated ERS-2 SAR images are analyzed....

  6. Applicability of Synthetic Aperture Radar Wind Retrievals on Offshore Wind Resources Assessment in Hangzhou Bay, China

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chang, Rui; Zhu, Rong; Badger, Merete

    2014-01-01

    ENVISAT advanced SAR (ASAR) for mapping wind resources with high spatial resolution. Around 181 collected pairs of wind data from SAR wind maps and from 13 meteorological stations in Hangzhou Bay are compared. The statistical results comparing in situ wind speed and SAR-based wind speed show a standard...... deviation (SD) of 1.99 m/s and correlation coefficient of R = 0.67. The model wind directions, which are used as input for the SAR wind speed retrieval, show a high correlation coefficient (R = 0.89) but a large standard deviation (SD = 42.3°) compared to in situ observations. The Weibull probability...

  7. Offshore wind resource estimation for wind energy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hasager, Charlotte Bay; Badger, Merete; Mouche, A.

    2010-01-01

    Satellite remote sensing from active and passive microwave instruments is used to estimate the offshore wind resource in the Northern European Seas in the EU-Norsewind project. The satellite data include 8 years of Envisat ASAR, 10 years of QuikSCAT, and 23 years of SSM/I. The satellite observati......Satellite remote sensing from active and passive microwave instruments is used to estimate the offshore wind resource in the Northern European Seas in the EU-Norsewind project. The satellite data include 8 years of Envisat ASAR, 10 years of QuikSCAT, and 23 years of SSM/I. The satellite...... observations are compared to selected offshore meteorological masts in the Baltic Sea and North Sea. The overall aim of the Norsewind project is a state-of-the-art wind atlas at 100 m height. The satellite winds are all valid at 10 m above sea level. Extrapolation to higher heights is a challenge. Mesoscale...... modeling of the winds at hub height will be compared to data from wind lidars observing at 100 m above sea level. Plans are also to compare mesoscale model results and satellite-based estimates of the offshore wind resource....

  8. A Periplasmic Polymer Curves Vibrio cholerae and Promotes Pathogenesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartlett, Thomas M; Bratton, Benjamin P; Duvshani, Amit; Miguel, Amanda; Sheng, Ying; Martin, Nicholas R; Nguyen, Jeffrey P; Persat, Alexandre; Desmarais, Samantha M; VanNieuwenhze, Michael S; Huang, Kerwyn Casey; Zhu, Jun; Shaevitz, Joshua W; Gitai, Zemer

    2017-01-12

    Pathogenic Vibrio cholerae remains a major human health concern. V. cholerae has a characteristic curved rod morphology, with a longer outer face and a shorter inner face. The mechanism and function of this curvature were previously unknown. Here, we identify and characterize CrvA, the first curvature determinant in V. cholerae. CrvA self-assembles into filaments at the inner face of cell curvature. Unlike traditional cytoskeletons, CrvA localizes to the periplasm and thus can be considered a periskeletal element. To quantify how curvature forms, we developed QuASAR (quantitative analysis of sacculus architecture remodeling), which measures subcellular peptidoglycan dynamics. QuASAR reveals that CrvA asymmetrically patterns peptidoglycan insertion rather than removal, causing more material insertions into the outer face than the inner face. Furthermore, crvA is quorum regulated, and CrvA-dependent curvature increases at high cell density. Finally, we demonstrate that CrvA promotes motility in hydrogels and confers an advantage in host colonization and pathogenesis. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR Interferometry for Assessing Wenchuan Earthquake (2008 Deforestation in the Sichuan Giant Panda Site

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fulong Chen

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Synthetic aperture radar (SAR has been an unparalleled tool in cloudy and rainy regions as it allows observations throughout the year because of its all-weather, all-day operation capability. In this paper, the influence of Wenchuan Earthquake on the Sichuan Giant Panda habitats was evaluated for the first time using SAR interferometry and combining data from C-band Envisat ASAR and L-band ALOS PALSAR data. Coherence analysis based on the zero-point shifting indicated that the deforestation process was significant, particularly in habitats along the Min River approaching the epicenter after the natural disaster, and as interpreted by the vegetation deterioration from landslides, avalanches and debris flows. Experiments demonstrated that C-band Envisat ASAR data were sensitive to vegetation, resulting in an underestimation of deforestation; in contrast, L-band PALSAR data were capable of evaluating the deforestation process owing to a better penetration and the significant coherence gain on damaged forest areas. The percentage of damaged forest estimated by PALSAR decreased from 20.66% to 17.34% during 2009–2010, implying an approximate 3% recovery rate of forests in the earthquake impacted areas. This study proves that long-wavelength SAR interferometry is promising for rapid assessment of disaster-induced deforestation, particularly in regions where the optical acquisition is constrained.

  10. When contemporary aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases invent their cognate amino acid metabolism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roy, Hervé; Becker, Hubert Dominique; Reinbolt, Joseph; Kern, Daniel

    2003-01-01

    Faithful protein synthesis relies on a family of essential enzymes called aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases, assembled in a piecewise fashion. Analysis of the completed archaeal genomes reveals that all archaea that possess asparaginyl-tRNA synthetase (AsnRS) also display a second ORF encoding an AsnRS truncated from its anticodon binding-domain (AsnRS2). We show herein that Pyrococcus abyssi AsnRS2, in contrast to AsnRS, does not sustain asparaginyl-tRNAAsn synthesis but is instead capable of converting aspartic acid into asparagine. Functional analysis and complementation of an Escherichia coli asparagine auxotrophic strain show that AsnRS2 constitutes the archaeal homologue of the bacterial ammonia-dependent asparagine synthetase A (AS-A), therefore named archaeal asparagine synthetase A (AS-AR). Primary sequence- and 3D-based phylogeny shows that an archaeal AspRS ancestor originated AS-AR, which was subsequently transferred into bacteria by lateral gene transfer in which it underwent structural changes producing AS-A. This study provides evidence that a contemporary aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase can be recruited to sustain amino acid metabolism. PMID:12874385

  11. Invariant triangle-based stationary oil platform detection from multitemporal synthetic aperture radar data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Liang; Yang, Kang; Tong, Lihua; Liu, Yongxue; Li, Manchun

    2013-01-01

    An automatic algorithm for stationary oil platform detection from multitemporal synthetic aperture radar data is proposed. The proposed algorithm consists of the following two parts. (1) A two-parameter constant false-alarm rate (CFAR) algorithm is used to extract targets from the Environment Satellite (ENVISAT) advanced synthetic aperture radar (ASAR), in which the focus is to determine the appropriate parameters of CFAR, thus ensuring as few as possible false-alarm targets when sea-surface targets are effectively extracted. (2) A simple point cluster matching pattern is proposed based on an invariant triangle rule, by which targets extracted from multitemporal ENVISAT ASAR images are automatically matched for detection of stationary targets (e.g., oil platforms). This invariant triangle rule is that any three moving targets have an extremely low probability of maintaining a relative position in multitemporal images, whereas stationary targets can always maintain a fixed relative position. Even under high noise, this invariant triangle rule can be used to realize the target data matching with high robustness. The experiment shows that the false-alarm rate and the missing rate are relatively low when all the targets are detected. The proposed invariant-triangle-based point cluster matching pattern can conduct effective detection and monitoring of stationary oil platforms.

  12. Snow density retrieval using SAR data: algorithm validation and applications in part of North Western Himalaya

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thakur, P. K.; Garg, R. D.; Aggarwal, S. P.; Garg, P. K.; Snehmani; Shi, J.

    2013-05-01

    The current study has been done using Polarimetric Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) data to estimate the dry snow density in Manali sub-basin of Beas River located in state of Himachal Pradesh, India. SAR data from Radarsat-2 (RS2), Environmental Satellite (ENVISAT), Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar (ASAR) and Advanced Land Observing Satellite (ALOS)-Phased Array type L-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (PALSAR) have been used. The SAR based inversion models were implemented separately for fully polarimetric RS2, PALSAR and dual polarimetric ASAR Alternate polarization System (APS) datasets in Mathematica and MATLAB software and have been used for finding out dry snow dielectric constant and snow density. Masks for forest, built area, layover and shadow were considered in estimating snow parameters. Overall accuracy in terms of R2 value and Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) was calculated as 0.85 and 0.03 g cm-3 for snow density based on the ground truth data. The retrieved snow density is highly useful for snow avalanche and snowmelt runoff modeling related studies of this region.

  13. Oil Pollution in the Southeastern Baltic Sea in 2009-2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lavrova O. Yu.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available From January 2009 to April 2012 a satellite survey of the central and southeastern parts of the Baltic Sea was carried out by the Space Radar Laboratory at the Space Research Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS. The main attention was focused on the detection of oil pollution as well as biogenic and anthropogenic surfactant films. The basic data are high resolution radar images obtained by advanced synthetic aperture radar (ASAR on board of the Envisat satellite of the European Space Agency. Remotely sensed data in visual and infrared (IR bands acquired by sensors MERIS Envisat, MODIS-Terra and -Aqua, and AVHRR NOAA nearly simultaneously with the ASAR images, were processed and analysed in order to facilitate the discrimination between different types of surface pollutants, to understand a comprehensive features of meteorological and hydrodynamic processes in the sea area of investigation, and to reveal factors determining pollutants spread and drift. The regions of the most intense oil pollution are outlined.

  14. Yoga Therapy and Polyvagal Theory: The Convergence of Traditional Wisdom and Contemporary Neuroscience for Self-Regulation and Resilience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marlysa B. Sullivan

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available Yoga therapy is a newly emerging, self-regulating complementary and integrative healthcare (CIH practice. It is growing in its professionalization, recognition and utilization with a demonstrated commitment to setting practice standards, educational and accreditation standards, and promoting research to support its efficacy for various populations and conditions. However, heterogeneity of practice, poor reporting standards, and lack of a broadly accepted understanding of the neurophysiological mechanisms involved in yoga therapy limits the structuring of testable hypotheses and clinical applications. Current proposed frameworks of yoga-based practices focus on the integration of bottom-up neurophysiological and top-down neurocognitive mechanisms. In addition, it has been proposed that phenomenology and first person ethical inquiry can provide a lens through which yoga therapy is viewed as a process that contributes towards eudaimonic well-being in the experience of pain, illness or disability. In this article we build on these frameworks, and propose a model of yoga therapy that converges with Polyvagal Theory (PVT. PVT links the evolution of the autonomic nervous system to the emergence of prosocial behaviors and posits that the neural platforms supporting social behavior are involved in maintaining health, growth and restoration. This explanatory model which connects neurophysiological patterns of autonomic regulation and expression of emotional and social behavior, is increasingly utilized as a framework for understanding human behavior, stress and illness. Specifically, we describe how PVT can be conceptualized as a neurophysiological counterpart to the yogic concept of the gunas, or qualities of nature. Similar to the neural platforms described in PVT, the gunas provide the foundation from which behavioral, emotional and physical attributes emerge. We describe how these two different yet analogous frameworks—one based in neurophysiology

  15. Yoga Therapy and Polyvagal Theory: The Convergence of Traditional Wisdom and Contemporary Neuroscience for Self-Regulation and Resilience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sullivan, Marlysa B; Erb, Matt; Schmalzl, Laura; Moonaz, Steffany; Noggle Taylor, Jessica; Porges, Stephen W

    2018-01-01

    Yoga therapy is a newly emerging, self-regulating complementary and integrative healthcare (CIH) practice. It is growing in its professionalization, recognition and utilization with a demonstrated commitment to setting practice standards, educational and accreditation standards, and promoting research to support its efficacy for various populations and conditions. However, heterogeneity of practice, poor reporting standards, and lack of a broadly accepted understanding of the neurophysiological mechanisms involved in yoga therapy limits the structuring of testable hypotheses and clinical applications. Current proposed frameworks of yoga-based practices focus on the integration of bottom-up neurophysiological and top-down neurocognitive mechanisms. In addition, it has been proposed that phenomenology and first person ethical inquiry can provide a lens through which yoga therapy is viewed as a process that contributes towards eudaimonic well-being in the experience of pain, illness or disability. In this article we build on these frameworks, and propose a model of yoga therapy that converges with Polyvagal Theory (PVT). PVT links the evolution of the autonomic nervous system to the emergence of prosocial behaviors and posits that the neural platforms supporting social behavior are involved in maintaining health, growth and restoration. This explanatory model which connects neurophysiological patterns of autonomic regulation and expression of emotional and social behavior, is increasingly utilized as a framework for understanding human behavior, stress and illness. Specifically, we describe how PVT can be conceptualized as a neurophysiological counterpart to the yogic concept of the gunas , or qualities of nature. Similar to the neural platforms described in PVT, the gunas provide the foundation from which behavioral, emotional and physical attributes emerge. We describe how these two different yet analogous frameworks-one based in neurophysiology and the other in an

  16. Yoga Therapy and Polyvagal Theory: The Convergence of Traditional Wisdom and Contemporary Neuroscience for Self-Regulation and Resilience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sullivan, Marlysa B.; Erb, Matt; Schmalzl, Laura; Moonaz, Steffany; Noggle Taylor, Jessica; Porges, Stephen W.

    2018-01-01

    Yoga therapy is a newly emerging, self-regulating complementary and integrative healthcare (CIH) practice. It is growing in its professionalization, recognition and utilization with a demonstrated commitment to setting practice standards, educational and accreditation standards, and promoting research to support its efficacy for various populations and conditions. However, heterogeneity of practice, poor reporting standards, and lack of a broadly accepted understanding of the neurophysiological mechanisms involved in yoga therapy limits the structuring of testable hypotheses and clinical applications. Current proposed frameworks of yoga-based practices focus on the integration of bottom-up neurophysiological and top-down neurocognitive mechanisms. In addition, it has been proposed that phenomenology and first person ethical inquiry can provide a lens through which yoga therapy is viewed as a process that contributes towards eudaimonic well-being in the experience of pain, illness or disability. In this article we build on these frameworks, and propose a model of yoga therapy that converges with Polyvagal Theory (PVT). PVT links the evolution of the autonomic nervous system to the emergence of prosocial behaviors and posits that the neural platforms supporting social behavior are involved in maintaining health, growth and restoration. This explanatory model which connects neurophysiological patterns of autonomic regulation and expression of emotional and social behavior, is increasingly utilized as a framework for understanding human behavior, stress and illness. Specifically, we describe how PVT can be conceptualized as a neurophysiological counterpart to the yogic concept of the gunas, or qualities of nature. Similar to the neural platforms described in PVT, the gunas provide the foundation from which behavioral, emotional and physical attributes emerge. We describe how these two different yet analogous frameworks—one based in neurophysiology and the other in an

  17. Pembuatan Aplikasi Metadata Generator untuk Koleksi Peninggalan Warisan Budaya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wimba Agra Wicesa

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Warisan budaya merupakan suatu aset penting yang digunakan sebagai sumber informasi dalam mempelajari ilmu sejarah. Mengelola data warisan budaya menjadi suatu hal yang harus diperhatikan guna menjaga keutuhan data warisan budaya di masa depan. Menciptakan sebuah metadata warisan budaya merupakan salah satu langkah yang dapat diambil untuk menjaga nilai dari sebuah artefak. Dengan menggunakan konsep metadata, informasi dari setiap objek warisan budaya tersebut menjadi mudah untuk dibaca, dikelola, maupun dicari kembali meskipun telah tersimpan lama. Selain itu dengan menggunakan konsep metadata, informasi tentang warisan budaya dapat digunakan oleh banyak sistem. Metadata warisan budaya merupakan metadata yang cukup besar. Sehingga untuk membangun metada warisan budaya dibutuhkan waktu yang cukup lama. Selain itu kesalahan (human error juga dapat menghambat proses pembangunan metadata warisan budaya. Proses pembangkitan metadata warisan budaya melalui Aplikasi Metadata Generator menjadi lebih cepat dan mudah karena dilakukan secara otomatis oleh sistem. Aplikasi ini juga dapat menekan human error sehingga proses pembangkitan menjadi lebih efisien.

  18. PERKIRAAN KETINGGIAN OBJEK ALAM TERHADAP HORIZON UNTUK EVALUASI LOKASI PENGAMATAN HILAL DI LOMBOK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rian Mahendra Taruna

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Pengamatan hilal dalam penentuan awal Bulan Hijriah merupakan isu penting di Indonesia. Titik pengamatan hilal baru juga mulai dikaji guna meningkatkan peluang teramatinya hilal. Salah satu faktor penting dalam menentukan lokasi pengamatan adalah faktor keberadaan objek alam tinggi yang berpotensi menghalangi hilal. Oleh karena itu, studi ini bertujuan untuk melihat perkiraan kenampakan objek alam dan hilal terhadap horizon pengamat. Perkiraan kenampakan objek alam dilakukan dengan melakukan pemodelan apparent altitude. Apparent altitude merupakan ketinggian objek yang teramati terhadap horizon dalam ukuran derajat dan dipengaruhi oleh fenomena refraksi. Hasil pemodelan menunjukkan bahwa pemilihan lokasi Pantai Loang Baloq, Lombok dalam pengamatan hilal kurang optimal, karena ketinggian hilal harus memenuhi syarat lebih dari 2,07º agar tidak terhalang oleh Gunung Agung. Pemodelan dalam penelitian ini divalidasi dengan menggunakan data pengamatan hilal 1 Syawal 1438 H atau 24 Juni 2017 di Loang Baloq. Validasi menunjukkan bahwa hasil pemodelan relatif sesuai dengan hasil pengamatan langsung dengan teropong.

  19. The utilization of weather and climate information to support marine and fisheries activities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yopi Ilhamsyah

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Kondisi cuaca dan iklim mengalami perubahan dengan pasti. Selain sebagai peringatan dini tentang bahaya atmosfer, informasi mengenai status terkini dan mendatang mengenai kondisi atmosfer adalah penting guna mendukung aktifitas masyarakat. Tujuan dari makalah ini adalah untuk menyajikan informasi pelayanan cuaca dan iklim secara gratis dan online yang dapat dengan mudah diakses oleh masyarakat. Makalah ini menggunakan produk cuaca dan iklim dari Badan Meteorologi, Klimatologi dan Geofisika Indonesia. Badan ini melayani produk yang informatif dan mudah diakses oleh masyarakat. Selain itu, produk-produk dari layanan meteorologi asing baik milik pemerintah atau swasta juga digunakan dalam makalah ini karena menyediakan informasi spasial dan temporal yang berharga termasuk peringatan dini yang berguna untuk membantu masyarakat lokal dalam melaksanakan kegiatan sehari-hari. Dalam sektor kelautan dan perikanan, informasi ini membantu untuk mengurangi resiko dan kerugian yang mungkin terjadi akibat perubahan kondisi atmosfer, sehingga produktifitas pada sektor ini diharapkan dapat meningkat di masa mendatang.

  20. ANALISIS PERANAN PALANG MERAH INDONESIA (PMI KOTA MADIUN DALAM MENGIMPLEMENTASIKAN NILAI-NILAI PANCASILA SILA KEDUA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfiantika Febrian Ashari

    2016-04-01

    Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Palang Merah Indonesia (PMI kota Madiun berperan dalam mengimplementasikan nilai-nilai Pancasila sila kedua. Berdasarkan dengan temuan data, hal ini dapat dilihat dari berbagai kegiatan kemanusiaan yang telah dilakukan oleh PMI sebagai wujud dalam mengembangkan sikap saling mencintai sesama manusia, mengakuinya dan memperlakukan sesuai dengan harkat dan martabatnya sebagai makhluk Tuhan Yang Maha Esa, guna untuk menjunjung tinggi nilai-nilai kemanusiaan. Dari berbagai kegiatan kemanusiaan yang telah dilakukan oleh PMI tersebut tentunya sangatlah bermanfaat untuk masyarakat yang terkena dampak bencana yang memerlukan bantuan secara adil dan sukarela. Serta dapat memberikan pertolongan bagi para pasien atau penderita sakit yang sangat membutuhkan darah melalui kegiatan donor darah yang diadakan PMI.

  1. Urgensi Pencatatan Perkawinan (Perspektif Utilities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dyah Ochtorina Susanti

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Pencatatan perkawinan merupakan kewajiban administratif berdasarkan peraturan perundang-undangan yang bertujuan untuk memberikan jaminan perlindungan, danuhan hak asasi manusia jika di kemudian hari timbul perbuatan hukum yang berimplikasi terjadinya akibat hukum sehingga dapat dibuktikan dengan bukti yang sempurna dengan suatu akta otentik sebagai suatu bentuk kepastian hukum. Penelitian ini bertujuan menemukan dan menganalisa serta memberikan pemahaman mengenai pentingnya pencatatan perkawinan dalam hukum positif Indonesia.. Hasil dari penelitian yang menggunakan metode yuridis normatif dengan pendekatan perundang-undangan, dan teori utilities (teori kemanfaatan ini memberikan penjelasan bahwa pencatatan perkawinan dilakukan guna memberi kemanfaatan yang sebesar-besarnya demi terciptanya kebahagiaan bagi banyak orang. Kata Kunci : Pencatatan, Perkawinan, Teori Utilities.

  2. Aplikasi M-Learning Berbasis Windows Phone untuk Jurusan Teknologi Informasi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andika Pradita Putera

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Perkembangan teknologi saat ini sedang berkembang pesat, dunia pendidikan juga mulai berkembang ke arah globalisasi salah satunya dengan pemanfaatan jaringan internet, intranet, dan pemanfaatan dari smartphone yang umum digunakan. Penelitian ini membahas tentang proses belajar mengajar yang tepat waktu, tepat guna dan tepat sasaran dengan memanfaatkan aplikasi real-time antara client-server melalui smartphone Windows Phone sehingga proses belajar mengajar menjadi lebih efektif meskipun tidak melakukan interaksi tatap muka secara langsung antara dosen dan mahasiswa. Mahasiswa dapat belajar dan mengerjakan tugas ataupun quiz secara online jika dosen tidak dapat menghadiri kelas sehingga proses belajar mengajar sesuai target perkuliahan setiap semester. Implementasi dari penelitian ini memperlihatkan aplikasi yang dapat memberikan alternatif pembelajaran kepada mahasiswa, sehingga mahasiswa dapat mengakses materi, tugas dan quiz matakuliah kapanpun dan dimanapun, sehingga aplikasi ini dapat memberikan alternatif lain selain pembelajaran konvensional, yaitu menggunakan mobile Learning. Kata kunci: client-server, mobile Learning, smartphone, Windows Phone.

  3. OMEGA 6

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fivi Melva Diana

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Kejadian gizi kurang di Indonesia dari tahun ke tahun masihtinggi Penyebab tingginya angka kejadian gizi kurang di Indonesia salah satunya diduga karena kurangnya konsumsi makanan sumber omega 6, secara alami terdapat pada minyak biji-bijian, minyakjagung dan kacang kedelai. Omega 6 merupakan asam lemak tak jenuh ganda yang mempunyai banyak manfaat terutama untuk pertumbuhan dan perkembangan kecerdasan balita. Tulisan ini membahas tentang defenisi omega 6, sumber, klasifikasi, manfaat dan kerugian bila mengkonsumsi omega 6. Disarankan untuk melakukan penelitian lebih lanjut mengenai hubungan konsumsi omega 6 dengan tumbuh-kembang anak, selain itu bagi ibu-ibu disarankan untuk memperhatikan konsumsi makanan dari sumber omega 6 guna pengoptimalan tumbuh-kembang anak. Hal ini jika terlaksana dapat memberikan dukungan terhadap program pemerintah di bidang promosi kesehatan.

  4. Retos para escribir una biografía

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mílada Bazant

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumen Este trabajo aborda algunos retos que enfrenta el historiador para escribir una biografía. La interpretación de las emociones y los sentimientos del sujeto, el tejido de la historia de su vida con los roles que desempeña y los distintos contextos (íntimo, familiar, local, nacional, internacional que “toca” se convierten en un entramado difícil. En este ensayo se proponen al- gunas estrategias que pueden ser útiles como el uso de una estructura literaria y se tratan algunos temas polémicos en torno a este género histórico como son la verosimilitud, la ficción y la narración.

  5. PROTOTYPE CONTENT BASED IMAGE RETRIEVAL UNTUK DETEKSI PEN YAKIT KULIT DENGAN METODE EDGE DETECTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erick Fernando

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Dokter spesialis kulit melakukan pemeriksa secara visual objek mata, capture objek dengan kamera digital dan menanyakan riwayat perjalanan penyakit pasien, tanpa melakukan perbandingan terhadap gejala dan tanda yang ada sebelummnya. Sehingga pemeriksaan dan perkiraan jenis penyakit kulit. Pengolahan data citra dalam bentuk digital khususnya citra medis sudah sangat dibutuhkan dengan pra-processing. Banyak pasien yang dilayani di rumah sakit masih menggunakan data citra analog. Data analog ini membutuhkan ruangan khusus untuk menyimpan guna menghindarkan kerusakan mekanis. Uraian mengatasi permasalahan ini, citra medis dibuat dalam bentuk digital dan disimpan dalam sistem database dan dapat melihat kesamaan citra kulit yang baru. Citra akan dapat ditampilkan dengan pra- processing dengan identifikasi kesamaan dengan Content Based Image Retrieval (CBIR bekerja dengan cara mengukur kemiripan citra query dengan semua citra yang ada dalam database sehingga query cost berbanding lurus dengan jumlah citra dalam database.

  6. ANALISIS PERANCANGAN E-COMMERCE PADA WISA ELEKTRONIK KEMILING BANDAR LAMPUNG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Hartati

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Persaingan dibidang bisnis semakin canggih seiring dengan berkembangnya (eknologi informasi pada saai ini dapat menciptakan peluang bisnis bagi para pedagang uniuk melakukan penjualan secara online. Dengan adanya teknologi berbasis online para pedagang dengan mudah untuk melakukan transaksi tanpa harus mendatangi tempat penjualan elektronik yang diinginkan. Sarana internet menunjang para penjualan untuk melakukan penjualan online. Fasilitas yang digunakan untuk mengoneksikan jaringan internet belum tersedia, untuk itu akan dirancang program penjualan online menggunakan macromedia dreamweaver, php Mysql dan Xampp. Dengan dirancanganya penjualan berbasis web diharapkan dapat membantu dan menarik minat para pelanggan. Maka dibuatlah sistem informasi penjualan elektronik di wilayah Kemiling Bandar Lampung guna mendapatkan informasi penjualan yang dapat meningkatkan produktivitas dalam bidang elektronik

  7. PENYISIHAN LIMBAH NITROGEN DARI SISTEM AKUAKULTUR MULTITROFIK TERPADU MENGGUNAKAN TANAMAN SAYUR SEBAGAI KONVERTER FOTOAUTOTROF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sumoharjo Sumoharjo

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Tiga spesies tanaman sayur, kangkung darat (Ipomoea reptana, sawi (Brassica juncea, dan kemangi (Ocimum basilicum dibandingkan guna mengonversi ammonium dan nitrat nitrogen dari sistem akuakultur. Tanaman tersebut ditanam secara hidroponik menggunakan teknik rakit (rafting technique dengan tata letak rancangan acak kelompok lengkap (RAKL. Hasil percobaan menunjukkan bahwa tingkat konversi nitrogen oleh ketiga jenis tanaman berbeda secara nyata dengan tingkat retensi nitrogen tertinggi pada tanaman kangkung sebesar 0,73±0,28 g; diikuti oleh kemangi (0,30±0,17 g; dan terakhir oleh sawi (0,03±0,07 g. Secara keseluruhan ketiga tanaman mampu menyisihkan limbah nitrogen sebesar 6,70% dari total produksi TAN dari sisa metabolisme ikan yang dibudidayakan.

  8. PENGELOLAAN ASET DAERAH MELALUI KEPEMILIKAN MODAL PADA BANK PEMBIAYAAN RAKYAT SYARIAH (BPRS (Suatu Kajian Hukum Ekonomi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rilda Murniati

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Keikutsertaan Pemerintah Daerah dengan pembelian atau pengambilalihan saham Bank Pembiayaan Rakyat Syariah (BPRS yang telah berdiri merupakan alternatif tercepat daripada mendirikan bank baru. Pendirian BPRS baru membutuhkan berbagai kajian mendalam, pemenuhan syarat yang cukup banyak, harus didukung berbagai dokumen dan prosedur pendirian sebagaimana diatur Undang-undang Perseroan Terbatas dan Perbankan Syariah. Berdasarkan kajian hukum ekonomi, pembelian atau pengambilalihan saham dilakukan dengan syarat dan prosedur relatif sederhana dan singkat. Pemerintah daerah dapat melakukan pembelian atau pengambilalihan modal atau saham BPRS tersebut berdasarkan kajian mendalam dan dengan alasan yang menguntungkan dalam peningkatan peran pemerintah daerah bagi kehidupan ekonomi masyarakat daerahnya dan peningkatan pengelolaan aset agar berhasil guna dan meningkatkan keuntungan bagi keuangan daerah. Kata kunci : Modal, dan BPR Syariah

  9. The Effectiveness of Cognitive Reflection and Re-structurization on Career Decision Making of High School Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wagimin Wagimin

    2015-03-01

    Key Words: career decision making, CIP model, reflection, cognitive restructuring Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji keefektifan  refleksi dan penstrukturan ulang kognitif guna meningkatkan pengambilan keputusan karier siswa SMA berdasarkan model PIK. Penelitian eksperimen ini menggunakan rancangan RCTs, dan subjek 40 orang siswa sebagai kelompok eksperi-men dan 40 sebagai kelompok kontrol. Sub-kemampuan pengambilan keputusan karier model PIK yang dikembangkan meliputi: memahami diri, memahami pilihan pekerjaan, komunikasi, analisis, sinte-sis, penilaian, pelaksanaan, dan proses pelaksanaan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada perbeda-an kemampuan pengambilan keputusan karier antara siswa kelompok eksperimen dan kelompok kon-trol di mana kelompok eksperimen memiliki nilai rata-rata yang lebih tinggi. Informasi controlled trials menguatkan juga bahwa refleksi dan penstrukturan ulang kognitif  efektif untuk  meningkatkan kemampuan pengambilan keputusan karier siswa SMA. Kata kunci: pengambilan keputusan karier, model PIK, refleksi, penstrukturan ulang kognitif

  10. SIMULASI RONTGEN THORAX BERBASIS ANDROID SEBAGAI MEDIA EDUKASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dhanar Intan Surya Saputra

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Android merupakan sistem operasi mobile yang open platform, dimana memungkinkan pihak ketiga untuk melakukan pengembangan dalam aplikasinya.Hal ini mengakibatkan banyak para developer atau pengembang yang untuk membuat aplikasi guna memenuhi kebutuhan masyarakat pengguna Android. Pemeriksaan Thorax merupakan salah satu pemeriksaan yang paling sering dilakukan terhadap setiap orang jika mengalami masalah pada kesehatannya, hal ini sangat berfungsi untuk menilai kesehatan paru-paru, pemeriksaan thorax juga sebagai salah satu item dalam melakukan check-up seseorang. Indikasi pemeriksaan thorax diantaranya : Bronchopneumonia, TB paru, Bronkhitis, Atelektasis, Trauma, dan Tumor serta beberapa indikasi yang lainya. Melihat peluang untuk mengembangkan aplikasi berbasis Android serta adanya kebutuhan masyarakat akan informasi yang berkaitan dengan pemeriksaan Thorax, maka sangat memungkinkan untuk membuat dan mengembangkan sebuah aplikasi simulasi foto Rontgen Thorax berbasis Android sebagai media edukasi bagi masyarakat khususnya para pengguna smartphone Android.

  11. Perancangan Web Interface Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS Dengan Memperhatikan Aspek Usability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hendry Setyawans Sutedjo

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Informasi dalam sebuah website atau web diharapkan dapat sampaikan dan diterima oleh pencari informasi dengan mudah. Di dalam Dunia pendidikan, informasi yang ada di dalam web juga diharapkan mampu diterima oleh para penggunanya dengan tujuan media komunikasi online seperti website dapat membantu para pelajar menerima ilmu yang disampaikan melalui media online. Untuk Mengetahui seberapa mudahnya informasi itu ditangkap ditandai dengan seberapa mudah website itu digunakan (usable. Untuk mengetahui seberapa mudah penggunaan suatu website digunakan analisa usability, banyak metode yang dapat digunakan untuk mengidentifikasi masalah usability terutama dari sisi interface web. Heuristic evaluation merupakan salah satu teknik dalam melakukan hal tersebut yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini guna menilai seberapa mudahnya website Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember dalam menyampaikan informasi yang ada. Dalam penelitian ini digunakan juga Quality Function Deployment (QFD untuk mengidentifikasi keinginan pengguna terhadap tampilan dari web ITS

  12. URGENSI UNSUR ELIT DALAM PELAKSANAAN KEBIJAKAN INFORMASI PUBLIK DI JAWA BARAT

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    DIAH FATMA SJORAIDA

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Adanya Undang-undang Nomor 14/2008 tentang Keterbukaan Informasi Publik (KIP secara tidak langsung telah mewajibkan pemerintah dan perangkat publik lainnnya untuk membuat informasi agar dapat diakses masyarakat. Juga berkewajiban memenuhi kebutuhan informasi yang dimohon oleh publik. Untuk menguatkan pelaksanaan tugas keterbukaan informasi dan pelayanan informasi publik, sebagai bukti komitmen dalam mematuhi UU KIP sekaligus mengarahkan seluruh jajaran aparat birokrasi, Pemerintah Provinsi Jabar menerbitkan Perda Nomor 11 Tahun 2011 tentang Transparansi, Partisipasi dan Akuntabilitas dalam Penyelenggaraan Pemerintahan Daerah Pemerintah Provinsi Jawa Barat untuk tujuan menyelenggarakan sistem pemerintahan yang baik, bersih, serta bebas dari KKN. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif-kualitatif. Penelitian ini menemukan bahwa pelaksanaan kebijakan informasi publik di Jawa Barat masih banyak kekurangan, baik dari segi pelaksana, struktur, perencanaan, sarana dan prasarana. Komunikasi, sumber daya disposisi serta struktur birokrasi mutlak dibutuhkan guna perbaikan dalam implementasi undang-undang tersebut di Jawa Barat. Ringkasnya, elit birokrasi sangat penting keberadaan dan optimalisasi fungsinya demi kepuasan masyarakat.

  13. Creation, Its Processes, and Significance (Samkhya Evolution and Involution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pratibha Gramann

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Science, religions, and cultural traditions develop theories and creative descriptions about the origin of the universe and meaning of life. These theories have both similarities and differences regarding the cause and effect of creation, and life as human beings know it. Religions and cultural traditions primarily adhere to a personal God as creator and ruler. Science has gone in the opposite direction of denying the existence of a God. A definitive cause of creation has not been scientifically found. Science may find a comparable, suitable match in the ancient thought of Samkhya, written in the 500-800 BC time. Samkhya is probably the first complete philosophical description of the origin and evolution of creation. The three basic energetics of Samkhya are comparable to the basic energies of physics. This paper addresses the hypothesis that the evolution and origin of creation stem from the 3 energies gunas of materiality prakriti described in ancient Samkhya.

  14. Studi Perencanaan Koordinasi Proteksi Mempertimbangkan Busur Api Pada Sistem Kelistrikan PT. Semen Indonesia Aceh Menggunakan Standar IEEE 1584-2002

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dhimas Oktavian Andryana

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available PT. Semen Indonesia pabrik Aceh merupakan perusahaan patungan (joint venture company antara PT. Semen Indonesia (Persero bersama PT. Samana Citra Agung. Total daya listrik yang dibutuhkan sebesar 85.8 MW dengan sistem kelistrikan pada sistem tegangan rendah dan menengah. Guna menjaga kontinuitas daya listrik, diperlukan koordinasi proteksi untuk meminimalisir dampak yang ditimbulkan ketika terjadi gangguan. Salah satu dampak yang ditimbulkan adalah adanya busur api (arc flash. Namun demikian, energi yang dihasilkan oleh busur api setelah dilakukan koordinasi proteksi perlu dipertimbangkan agar tidak melampaui standard yang diizinkan. Analisa busur api dilakukan dengan menggunakan perhitungan standar IEEE 1584-2002. Setelah dilakukan beberapa analisa didapatkan bahwa beberapa daerah di PT. Semen Indonesia pabrik Aceh memiliki nilai insiden energi diatas kategori 4, sehingga diperlukan tambahan peralatan berupa rele differensial sebagai pengaman utama agar nilai insiden energi busur api bisa dikategorikan sesuai standard NFPA 70E.

  15. Model Pembelajaran CTL (Contextual Teaching and Learning dalam Meningkatkan Hasil Belajar Mahasiswa PGSD Pada MataKuliah Konsep IPS Dasar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wahyu Susiloningsih

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Hasil belajar adalah suatu proses perubahan tingkah laku dalam pengetahuan, sikap, dan ketrampilan yang diperoleh dalam jangka waktu yang lama.Mata kuliah Konsep IPS Dasar merupakan mata kuliah yang memberikan pemahaman kepada mahasiswa PGSD tentang konsep dasar IPS sebagai landasan kajian yang bahannya bersumber dari kehidupan manusia di masyarakat, yang aspek-aspeknya meliputi social science (ilmu sosial, social studies (studi sosial, Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial (IPS. IPS merupakan pembelajaran pada tingkat sekolah yang berperan mengfungsionalkan ilmu-ilmu sosial yang bersifat teoritik dalam kehidupan nyata dalam masyarakat. Model pembelajaran CTL adalah model pembelajaran yang menuntut kreatifitas guru dalam mengaitkan subject matter dengan kehidupan nyata mahasiswa guna membantu mahasiswa untuk lebih mudah memaknai materi tersebut.

  16. SISTEM INFORMASI MANAJEMAN KEPEGAWAIAN DENGAN MEMANFAATKAN TEKNOLOGI SMS GATEWAY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fauzan Masykur

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Sms Gateway memiliki kemampuan yang bisa dihandalkan guna mendukung sistem informasi manajemen di berbagai bidang. Salah satu contoh penerapan SMS Gateway adalah pada sistem informasi manajamen kepegawaian, dimana sistem kepegawaian bisa dilaksanakan dengan lebih efektif dan efisien dengan dukungan teknologi SMS Gateway. Sebagai proses awal pengolahan data dimulai dengan mendaftarkan pegawai dengan berdasarkan NIP (Nomor Induk Pegawaisebagai kunci pimer dalam database, kemudian dengan NIP yang sudah ersimpan akan dilakukan pengolahan data apakah valid atau tidak NIP yang masuk ke database. Secara otomatis server akan membalas SMS yang masuk secara otomatis tanpa diketikkan secara manual oleh admin. Tugas admin sendiri hanya mengupdate data-data yang mengalami perubahan. Dengan SMS Gateway ini layanan kepegawain bisa menjadi lebih baik dan efisien

  17. PERANCANGAN PROTOTIPE BUCKET ELEVATOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dani Irawan

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Alat Pemindah Bahan merupakan salah satu peralatan yang digunakan untuk kegiatan sehari-hari pada proses keberlangsungan produksi di masyarakat. Agar peralatan tersebut tetap dapat berfungsi dengan baik masyarakat, maka perlu adanya tindakan rancang bangun prototype Bucket konveyor ini guna untuk membatu masyarakat agar lebih memahami betapa pentingnya alat mekanis. Metode Perancangan Prototipe Bucket Konveyor meliputi: Perancangan Desain, Perancangan Elemen Mesin Perancangan Biaya (biaya produksi, biaya penjualan, break event point. Berdasarkan Rancang Bangun Prototipe Mesin Bucket Konveyor yang telah dilakukan, didapatkan hasil yaitu daya motor bucket 8,5 W dengan kapasitas 4 liter/s dan biaya pembuatan bukcet adalah Rp. 5.760.500,- biaya pembuatan ini meliputi biaya bahan baku, operasional, dan permesinan.

  18. Con motivo aparente. La Universidad a debate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adelina CALVO SALVADOR

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo plantea una reflexión sobre la Universidad, consi-derando cuáles deben ser sus propósitos y tomando comoreferencia los argumentos que han esgrimido expertos y ges-tores sobre los retos a los que ésta se enfrenta. Los cambiosque se están viviendo en la institución no pueden entendersesin tener en cuenta la centralidad de la economía del cono-cimiento y la introducción de la lógica mercantilista en ladocencia, investigación y gestión. El artículo finaliza con al-gunas ideas sobre cómo construir otra Universidad, más pre-ocupada por buscar soluciones a los problemas de las per-sonas y sociedades.

  19. SUMBER AGAMA DALAM PERSPEKTIF PSIKOLOGIS

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    Syaiful Hamali

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Tulisan ini membahas secara konseptual tentang berbagai kebutuhan dasar manusia sebagai sumber kehidupan bagi manusia dalam ranah psikologis. Melalui eksplorasi-psikologis diperoleh fakta bahwa ada berbagai macam kemampuan dasar yang dimiliki manusia yang dapat dikembangkan guna menunjang hidup dan kehidupannya. Sedangkan melalui pengamatan potensi-diri diperoleh fakta bahwa dalam diri manusia tersimpan sejumlah kemampuan bawaan, termasuk diantaranya adalah potensi untuk percaya pada supernatural (agama. Sinergi antara eksplorasi-psikologis dengan potensi-diri manusia akan membentuk sumber-sumber keyakinan terhadap agama secara psikologis. Karena itu, dalam konteks ini, tanpa adanya wahyu pun sesungguhnya manusia akan mampu mengenal Tuhan. Wahyu hanya berfungsi sebagai pemberitaan dari alam metafisika yang turun kepada manusia untuk menerangkan tentang Tuhan sekaligus kewajiban-kewajiban yang harus dilakukan manusia terhadap Sang Khalik maupun sesamanya. Singkatnya secara psikologis, siapa mengenal dirinya, niscaya ia akan mengenal Tuhannya. Karena itu manusia wajib mempercayai dan meyakini akan adanya Tuhan serta melaksanakan ajaran-ajaran agama dalam kehidupannya.

  20. Control system by the technological electron Linac KUT-20

    CERN Document Server

    Akchurin, Y I; Gurin, V A; Demidov, N V

    2001-01-01

    The high-power technological electron linac KUT-20 was developed at the Science Research Complex 'Accelerator' of NSC KIPT. The linac consists of two 1.2 m length accelerating structures with a variable geometry and an injector. The latter comprises a diode electron gun,a klystron type buncher and an accelerating cavity.With a RF supply power at accelerating structure entries of 11 MW and with a current at the accelerator exit of 1A,the beam energy will be up to 20 MeV.An average beam power is planned to be 20 kW.All systems of the accelerator are controlled by a computerised control system. The program and technical complex consist of PC equipped with fast ADC control console, synchronization unit, microprocessor-operated complexes.

  1. Resinas acetálicas: diversas aplicaciones en odontoestomatología

    OpenAIRE

    Puigpelat Martí, Ana M.; Casanellas Bassols, Josep M. (Josep Maria)

    1994-01-01

    La resina acetálica o Polioxime­tileno (POM) es un nuevo material estético de reciente aplicación en el campo de la Odontoestomatolo­gía. En este artículo presentamos al­gunas de las aplicaciones donde la estética desempeña una función importante. Una de las aplicaciones de las re­sinas acetálicas es el campo de la Prótesis Parcial Removible, cuan­do queremos sustituir los retene­dores vestibulares convencionales (metálicos) por retenedores más es­téticos. Otra posible aplicación puede ser la...

  2. Sistem Panjaminan Mutu Pendidikan Dengan TOGAF ADM Untuk Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    - Wiyana

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Perencanaan penerapan teknologi informasi digunakan untuk menciptakan keselarasan dengan fungsi bisnis bagi kebutuhan organisasi. Kerangka penyelarasan kesenjangan organisasi dibutuhkan sebagai paradigma dalam merencanakan, merancang, dan mengelola sistem informasi yang disebut dengan Enterprise Architecture (EA. Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan (SMK sebagai institusi pendidikan dalam mengembangkan arsitektur enterprise mengadopsi framework The Open Group Architecture Framework (TOGAF Architecture Development Method (ADM untuk mengintegrasikan fungsi bisnis sekolah guna mendukung Sistem Penjaminan Mutu Pendidikan (SPMP. Metodologi perancangan EA dengan membangun arsitektur bisnis, data, aplikasi dan teknologi menghasilkan blueprint yang dijadikan model dasar dalam pengembangan arsitektur untuk mendukung pencapaian tujuan strategis organisasi. Pengujian validitas rancangan EA digunakan EA Scorecard untuk metode analisanya. Tahapan rancangan untuk implementasi disesuaikan dengan standar tata kelola teknologi informasi dari kerangka Permenkominfo No.41 tahun 2007 dan critical succes factor untuk keberhasihan penerapan rancangan EA.

  3. APLIKASI PENATAAN PARKIR BASEMENT MOBIL DENGAN POLA PETAK PARKIR 900 MENINGKATKAN KEPUASAN PENGGUNA PARKIR MALL RAMAYANA DENPASAR

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    I Ketut Sutapa

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Mall Ramayana Denpasar sebagai pusat perbelanjaan memiliki fasilitas parkir baik di dalam maupun di luar gedung. Untuk meningkatkan kepuasan pengguna parkir, maka dilakukan pemberlakuan pola petak parkir mobil dengan sudut 900  melalui penerapan teknologi tepat guna dengan pendekatan sistemik, holistik, interdisipliner dan partisipatori. Pengukuran kondisi lingkungan (suhu, kelembaban, kebisingan, intensitas cahaya dilakukan menggunakan alat environment meter  dan anemometer (kecepatan angin. Data yang diperoleh selanjutnya dianalisis secara deskriptif dan diuji normalitasnya dengan uji Shapiro-Wilk  dan uji beda dengan One Way Anova, sedangkan yang tidak berdistribusi normal menggunakan uji Wilcoxon pada tingkat kemaknaan 5%. Hasil penelitian yang telah dilakukan terhadap perbaikan basement parkir mobil menunjukkan terjadinya peningkatan terhadap kepuasan ditinjau dari penurunan beban kerja sebesar 17,57%, penurunan penggunaan energi otot sebesar 29,96%, peningkatan kemudahan parkir sebesar 35,79%, peningkatan kenyamanan parkir  sebesar  54,63%, dan peningkatan produktivitas parkir sebesar 29,50%.

  4. STATUS BERKELANJUTAN KOTA TANGERANG SELATAN-BANTEN DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN KEY PERFORMANCE INDICATORS (Sustainable Status of South Tangerang City-Banten Using Key Performance Indicators

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    Heri Apriyanto

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Pembangunan kota yang tidak terkendali akan mengakibatkan tekanan terhadap lingkungan dan beban masyarakat meningkat, sebaliknya degradasi lingkungan akan mengakibatkan pembatasan pengembangan ekonomi dan penurunan kualitas hidup. Guna mencegah terjadinya dampak-dampak negatif, maka diperlukan prinsip-prinsip pembangunan kota yang berkelanjutan. Evaluasi terhadap pelaksanan pembangunan kota yang berkelanjutan perlu dilakukan untuk mengetahui apakah pembangunan suatu kota sudah atau belum/tidak berkelanjutan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menyusun Key Performance Indicators (KPI guna menilai status pembangunan kota berkelanjutan. Perumusan KPI ini dilakukan dengan pendekatan Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP. KPI yang dihasilkan terdiri dari 21 indikator dan 9 elemen dari 3 pilar pembangunan berkelanjutan (ekonomi, sosial, dan lingkungan. Implementasi KPI dilakukan untuk pengukuran status keberlanjutan Kota Tangerang Selatan. Hasil pengukuran menunjukkan bahwa kota ini termasuk dalam tahap awal pembangunan berkelanjutan. Secara umum perkembangan ekonomi dan sosial relatif cukup baik, namun tidak demikian dengan kondisi lingkungannya. ABSTRACT Uncontrolled urban development will result in pressure on the environment and the burden of the people. On the contrary, environmental degradation will lead to restricted economic development and decreased quality of life. In order to prevent negative impacts, it is necessary to implement the principles of sustainable city development. Evaluation of the implementation of sustainable city development is needed to determine whether the development of a city is sustainable or not. This study aimed to develop Key Performance Indicators (KPI to assess the status of sustainable city development. The formulation of KPI is done with Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP. KPI generated consists of 21 indicators and 9 elements of the 3 pillars of sustainable development (economic, social, and environmental

  5. TEKNOLOGI PRODUKSI BENIH IKAN HIAS LAUT UNTUK MELESTARIKAN SUMBERDAYA GENETIKNYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eni Kusrini

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Ikan hias laut merupakan salah satu komoditas sumberdaya kelautan yang potensinya masih kurang diperhatikan. Padahal beberapa jenis ikan hias laut tersebut mempunyai nilai jual tinggi di pasaran internasional. Oleh karena itu, diperlukan upaya perbenihan guna mendapatkan benih yang unggul agar produksi budidaya dapat lebih maju. Sumberdaya genetik ikan hias laut yang tersebar di perairan Indonesia sangat banyak dan beraneka ragam. Sumberdaya genetik yang ada selama ini telah termanfaatkan untuk komoditas ekspor dan telah dilakukan penangkapan yang terus-menerus. Eksploitasi yang berlebihan dikhawatirkan akan menyebabkan sumberdaya genetik yang ada habis. Penelitian dan pengembangan budidaya ikan hias laut telah dilakukan di Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Budidaya Laut Gondol, Balai Besar Pengembangan Budidaya Laut Lampung, dan Balai Budidaya Laut Ambon untuk beberapa jenis di antaranya clown fish, banggai cardinal fish, clown biak, dan letter six. Teknologi pembenihan ikan hias laut tersebut telah dikuasai dengan baik, namun tingkat sintasan dan kualitas benih belum seperti yang diharapkan. Keberhasilan suatu usaha pembenihan ikan hias laut sangat tergantung pada sistem pengelolaan pembenihannya yaitu cara penyediaan dan pematangan induk, cara melakukan pemijahan, pemeliharaan larva dan benih, pengelolaan pakan, penanganan lingkungan, dan pengendalian penyakit. Pada makalah ini akan dipaparkan tentang teknik budidaya ikan hias laut yang telah berhasil dilakukan baik tahap domestikasi maupun pembenihannya, guna ke depannya produksi benih tersebut dapat dijadikan induk-induk yang berkualitas sehingga dapat melestarikan plasma nutfahnya.

  6. KERAGAAN PENGETAHUAN GIZI DAN PENGETAHUAN PRAKTEK PEMBERIAN MAKANAN BAYI DAN ANAK DARI IBU DENGAN BALITA GIZI BURUK DI DAERAH BOGOR DAN SEKITARNYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hermina Hermina

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Dalam upaya menurunkan prevalensi gizi kurang dan gizi buruk telah banyak dilakukan berbagai usaha misalnya melalui kegiatan Usaha Perbaikan Gizi Keluarga (UPGK. Namun demikian sampai saat ini masih banyak ditemukan anak balita yang menderita gizi kurang dan gizi buruk serta masih tetap merupakan masalah utama dalam bidang gizi dan kesehatan. Temuan dari telaahan terdahulu menunjukkan bahwa pengetahuan gizi ibu merupakan salah satu faktor yang dapat mempengaruhi konsumsi pangan dan status gizi anak balita. Tujuan penelitian ini: menggali keragaman di lapangan berkenaan dengan pengetahuan gizi dan pengetahuan praktik pemberian makanan bayi dan anak dari ibu balita gizi buruk guna meningkatkan program KIE gizi dalam penyusunan model penyuluhan terarah untuk mencegah terjadinya gizi kurang dan gizi buruk pada usia dini. Penelitian dilakukan di daerah Bogor dan sekitarnya. Responden penelitian adalah ibu-ibu dari anak balita penderita gizi buruk (n=32 yang berobat di Klinik Gizi Puslitbang Gizi, Bogor. Sebagai kontrol diambil 30 responden yang mempunyai anak balita gizi baik dan menjadi tetangga dari anak balita gizi buruk dengan dasar pelayanan kesehatan yang sama yaitu Puskesmas dan Posyandu. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pengetahuan gizi ibu dengan balita gizi buruk berbeda dan lebih rendah dibandingkan dengan ibu balita gizi baik, sementara pengetahuan praktik cara pemberian makanan bayi dan anak dari ibu balita gizi buruk juga berbeda dan lebih rendah dibandingkan dengan ibu balita gizi baik. Pengetahuan gizi yang kurang dan pengetahuan praktik pemberian makanan bayi dan anak dari ibu-ibu balita yang cenderung kurang tepat cukup berperan dan menentukan keadaan gizi yang kurang dan kemungkinan akan bertambah buruk jika hal-hal tersebut tidak segera mendapat pelayanan kesehatan yang tepat guna baik di Puskesmas maupun di Posyandu.

  7. PROGRAM PENGEMBANGAN MADURA SEBAGAI PULAU SAPIPERSPEKTIF MANAJEMEN RANTAI PASOKSAPI BERKELANJUTAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akhmad Mahbubi

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAKTujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui sistem dasar rantai pasok sapi Madura, menyusun model sistem dinamis rantai pasok sapi Madura dan menghasilkan skenario optimal pengelolaan rantai pasok sapi Madura berkelanjutan guna mewujudkan Madura sebagai pulau sapi. Jenis data adalah data sekunder dan sumber data dari BPS, Kementerian Pertanian dan Dinas Peternakan Jawa Timur. Analisis data menggunakan model dinamis. 5 skenario kebijakan pengelolaan rantai pasok sapi madura berkelanjutan berdasar aspek sosial, pendapatan ekonomi dan lingkungan dengan mengacu pada indikator pencapaian dalam blue print program swasembada daging sapi 2014 dan program pengembangan pulau madura sebagai pulau sapi. Hasil penelitian ini adalah skenario pengelolaan rantai pasok sapi Madura berkelanjutan yang paling optimal guna mewujudkan pulau Madura sebagai pulau sapi adalah skenario kebijakan dengan indikator keberhasilan tingkat kematian pedet menjadi 20%.ABSTRACTThis study is aimed to knowing the basic system of Madura cattle supply chain, to recognize the dynamic system model of Madura cattle supply chain and producean optimal scenario of sustainable supply chain management to realize Madura as the cattle island. Type of secondary data has been collected from BPS, ministry of agriculture and east java livestock services. Dynamic model  used to analyze the data. Five policy scenarios to be used in the analysis of the behavior of Madura cattle supply chain systems in both social welfare, economical revenue aspects and the environment refers to a variety of technical indicators achievement in the blueprint of of beef self-sufficiency program at 2014 and Madura development program as the cattle island. The results of this study are most optimal policy scenario of the success indicator to calf mortality rate 20%. 

  8. Surface-roughness driven segregation in a granular slurry under shear

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plantard, G.; Saadaoui, H.; Snabre, P.; Pouligny, B.

    2006-07-01

    "Shear-induced segregation" (SIS) means that different species of particles in a granular material or a concentrated suspension tend to unmix under flow. In principle, any kind of difference (size, density, shape and even surface state) may lead to SIS. We report the first direct experimental evidence of SIS between spheres which only differ by surface characteristics. The effect is observed with a "slurry" made of solid spheres immersed in a viscous fluid, inside a parallel-plate shear device. We show that: i) A mixture of smooth and rough spheres of same size shows considerable SIS. ii) Rough spheres (radius aR) behave similarly to smooth but larger spheres (radius aS > aR). iii) Segregation cancels out for a particular value of the size ratio, aS/aR < 1. These findings can be qualitatively understood from available theories about the role of surface roughness on two-sphere interactions in Stokes regime.

  9. Tie Point Extraction for SAR Images with Same Side-looking Direction from Different Trajectories Based on Differential Constraints

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JIN Guowang

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available In order to extract tie points for SAR image block adjustment automatically and steadily,a method of tie point extraction based on differential constraints for SAR images with same side-looking direction from different trajectories is presented.It is aiming at SAR images with same side-looking direction and approximately parallel tracks,whose relative geometric distortion is small in azimuth and large in range.Firstly,image pyramids are built for two SAR images,and then these images are matched with correlation coefficient calculated by rectangular window with increased azimuth side from the top layer to the bottom layer.Mismatched points are removed by RANSAC algorithm with differential constraints.Coordinates for points in lower pyramid images are estimated with global bilinear transformation model in azimuth and local bilinear transformation model in range.Experiments performed on Envisat ASAR images and Chinese airborne SAR images validated the proposed method.

  10. The role of remote sensing in hydrological modelling of the Okavango Delta, Botswana.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milzow, Christian; Kgotlhang, Lesego; Kinzelbach, Wolfgang; Meier, Philipp; Bauer-Gottwein, Peter

    2009-05-01

    A coupled surface water-groundwater model of the Okavango Delta has been built based on the United States Geological Survey software MODFLOW 2000 including the SFR2 package for stream-flow routing. It will provide a new tool for evaluating water management and climate change scenarios. The delta's size and limited accessibility make direct, on the ground data acquisition difficult. Remote sensing methods are the most promising source of acquiring spatially distributed data for both model input parameters and calibration. Topography, aquifer thickness, channel positions, evapotranspiration and precipitation data are all based on remote sensing. Simulated flooding patterns are compared to patterns derived from visible to thermal NOAA-AVHRR data and microwave radar ENVISAT-ASAR data.

  11. Offshore Wind Atlas for Northern European Seas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasager, Charlotte Bay; Karagali, Ioanna; Astrup, Poul; Badger, Merete; Mouche, Alexis; Stoffelen, Ad

    2010-12-01

    Offshore winds are investigated in detail in the EU- Norsewind project - short for Northern Seas Wind Index Database - that aims to produce an offshore wind atlas for the Northern European Seas including the Baltic Sea, the North Sea and the Irish Sea. The results are preliminary as they are from mid-term in the project (2008-2012). The results include mean wind speeds from Envisat ASAR, QuikSCAT and SSM/I compared to masts. The spatial variability across the area is clearly identified with major coastal effects in the enclosed seas. The long-term trend analysis does not indicate any trend in the different wind speed bins investigated during 23 years. The next step is further comparison to ground-based lidar data and atmospheric model results.

  12. Deformation monitoring in the metro Manila using ALOS/PALSAR

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deguchi, Tomonori

    2014-10-01

    Excessive pumping of groundwater in the Metro Manila district, the Philippines, has occurred huge land subsidence. The purpose of this study is to investigate the distribution of spatial and temporal change on the earth surface in this area. We measured long-term ground subsidence by InSAR using JERS-1/SAR, ENVISAT/ASAR, Fine-beam, polarimetry and ScanSAR mode of ALOS/PALSAR, and TerraSAR-X data. As a result, we detected apparent subsidence and uplift patterns at eight locations. They have been found to correlate with up-down motion of groundwater level. The largest amount of ground subsidence was measured approximately 600 mm over 6 years (100mm/year).

  13. Change Detection by Interferometric Coherence in Nasca Lines, Peru (1997-2004)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruescas, Ana B.; Delgado, J. Manuel; Costantini, Fabiano; Sarti, Francesco

    2010-03-01

    Two interferometric pairs of Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) images are used to generate coherence images of the Nasca Lines Pampa area. The first coherence image is based on a pair of ERS-2 SAR data from 1997 and 1999; the second one is computed from two ENVISAT-ASAR (Advanced SAR) images from 2003 and 2004. The main objective is to study the changes in the coherence values in different parts of the area. Several different decorrelation factors contributing to a loss of coherency in a radar pair can be distinguished, and these include the temporal change in the ground properties and nature between the two satellite passes. In order to do this discrimination and interpretation, some ancillary data can be used, such as optical data from the Advanced Land Observing Satellite (ALOS), and meteorological data from the Global Precipitation Climatology Center (GPCC).

  14. SURFACE DEFORMATIONS NEAR THE BAIKAL–AMUR RAILWAY FROM DIFFERENTIAL SAR INTERFEROMETRY DATA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. A. Lebedeva

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents SAR interferometric data obtained in the study of surface deformations of different origin within the Upper Angara-Muya interbasin link of the northeastern segment of the Baikal rift system, Russia. Differential SAR interferometry using images with small perpendicular baselines was applied in this geodynamical study. The potential of using ENVISAT/ASAR and ALOS/PALSAR data is discussed. New geodynamical data on recent strain patterns were obtained. The endogenous linear-localized and areal deformations were revealed in the influence zone of the active Muyakan fault. The origin of these deformations is discussed. The landslide that negatively affects the Baikal-Amur railway facilities is also studied. The use of SAR data for detailed study and monitoring of the landslide is discussed. It is confirmed that natural hazard in the study area is growing due to the ongoing landsliding.

  15. Wind Atlas of Bay of Bengal with Satellite Wind Measurement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nadi, Navila Rahman

    footstep towards offshore wind energy analysis for this region. Generally, it is difficult to find offshore wind data relative to the wind turbine hub heights, therefore a starting point is necessary to identify the possible wind power density of the region. In such scenario, Synthetic aperture radars (SAR......The objective of this study is to obtain appropriate offshore location in the Bay of Bengal, Bangladesh for further development of wind energy. Through analyzing the previous published works, no offshore wind energy estimation has been found here. That is why, this study can be claimed as the first......) have proven useful. In this study, SAR based dataset- ENVISAT ASAR has been used for Wind Atlas generation. Furthermore, a comparative study has been performed with Global Wind Atlas (GWA) to determine a potential offshore wind farm. Additionally, the annual energy production of that offshore windfarm...

  16. South Baltic Wind Atlas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pena Diaz, Alfredo; Hahmann, Andrea N.; Hasager, Charlotte Bay

    A first version of a wind atlas for the South Baltic Sea has been developed using the WRF mesoscale model and verified by data from tall Danish and German masts. Six different boundary-layer parametrization schemes were evaluated by comparing the WRF results to the observed wind profiles...... at the masts. The WRF modeling was done in a nested domain of high spatial resolution for 4 years. In addition the longterm wind statistics using the NCAR-NCEP reanalysis data were performed during 30 years to provide basis for a long-term adjustment of the results and the final WRF results include a weighting...... for the long-term trends variability in the South Baltic Sea. Observations from Earth observing satellites were used to evaluate the spatial resolution of the WRF model results near the surface. The QuikSCAT and the WRF results compared well whereas the Envisat ASAR mean wind map showed some variation...

  17. Rapid Fabrication of Disposable Micromixing Arrays Using Xurography and Laser Ablation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Israel Martínez-López

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available We assessed xurography and laser ablation for the manufacture of passive micromixers arrays to explore the scalability of unconventional manufacture technologies that could be implemented under the restrictions of the Point of Care for developing countries. In this work, we present a novel split-and-recombine (SAR array design adapted for interfacing standardized dispensing (handheld micropipette and sampling (microplate reader equipment. The design was patterned and sealed from A4 sized vinyl sheets (polyvinyl chloride, employing low-cost disposable materials. Manufacture was evaluated measuring the dimensional error with stereoscopic and confocal microscopy. The micromixing efficiency was estimated using a machine vision system for passive driven infusion provided by micropippetting samples of dye and water. It was possible to employ rapid fabrication based on xurography to develop a four channel asymmetric split-and-recombine (ASAR micromixer with mixing efficiencies ranging from 43% to 65%.

  18. Determination by Landsat Satellite Imagery to Local Scales in Land and Pollution Monitoring: a Case of Buyuk Melen Watershed (Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ipek Barut

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Buyuk Melen Watershed; provides drinking water from the Western Black Sea region to Istanbul province, which Large and Small Melen rivers, Asar Suyu, Ugur Suyu and Aksu rivers. Many settlement areas, fertilized agricultural lands, industrial plants and solid/liquid waste dumping areas are present in Melen watershed, causing substantial pollution problems. Melen watershed is at a serious risk of pollution that a lot of settlement areas, agricultural lands, industrial facilities, and solid and liquid waste. In this study, using the LANDSAT satellite data to monitor the status of this area on the potential of the region studied. In the watershed from the past to change of the 1987, 2001, 2006 and 2010 and also supported by satellite data. However, contaminants in the watershed discharges to the inner parts as shown in the satellite data have also been observed that the increase in pollution.

  19. Wind Statistics Offshore based on Satellite Images

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hasager, Charlotte Bay; Mouche, Alexis; Badger, Merete

    2009-01-01

    Ocean wind maps from satellites are routinely processed both at Risø DTU and CLS based on the European Space Agency Envisat ASAR data. At Risø the a priori wind direction is taken from the atmospheric model NOGAPS (Navel Operational Global Atmospheric Prediction System) provided by the U.S. Navy......-based observations become available. At present preliminary results are obtained using the routine methods. The first step in the process is to retrieve raw SAR data, calibrate the images and use a priori wind direction as input to the geophysical model function. From this process the wind speed maps are produced....... The wind maps are geo-referenced. The second process is the analysis of a series of geo-referenced SAR-based wind maps. Previous research has shown that a relatively large number of images are needed for achieving certain accuracies on mean wind speed, Weibull A and k (scale and shape parameters...

  20. Assessment Of Backscatter Variations In Tundra Regions With Respect To Uncertainties In Soil Moisture Retrieval

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hogstrom, Elin; Bartsch, Annett; Gouttevin, Isabelle

    2013-12-01

    Knowledge of surface hydrology is relevant for many applications, including improving our understanding of permafrost response and feedback in a changing climate. Advances in remote-sensing techniques and retrieval algorithms can provide a range of land surface parameters, such as radar backscatter derived surface soil moisture. It has previously been pointed out that soil moisture retrieval can be challenging in high latitudes. This study investigates backscatter variability other than associated with changing soil moisture with focus on issues specific to the arctic, notably on variations related to water bodies. ENVISAT ASAR data are utilized for quantification of potential impacts on Metop ASCAT soil moisture retrieval during the snow free period. Ice cover on lakes is identified as a mayor contributor of impact.

  1. SST Diurnal Variability: Regional Extent & Implications in Atmospheric Modelling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karagali, Ioanna; Høyer, Jacob L.

    2013-01-01

    The project Sea Surface Temperature Diurnal Variability: Regional Extent and Implications in Atmospheric Modeling (SSTDV: R.EX.- IM.A.M.) was initiated within the framework of the European Space Agency's Support to Science Element (ESA STSE). The main focus is twofold: i) to characterize...... and quantify regional diurnal warming from the experimental MSG/SEVIRI hourly SST fields, for the period 2006-2012. ii) To investigate the impact of the increased SST temporal resolution in the atmospheric model WRF, in terms of modeled 10-m winds and surface heat fluxes. Withing this context, 3 main tasks...... SST variability on atmospheric modeling is the prime goal of the third and final task. This will be examined by increasing the temporal resolution of the SST initial conditions in WRF and by evaluating the WRF included diurnal scheme. Validation of the modeled winds will be performed against 10m ASAR...

  2. Oceanographic Applications of ALOS PALSAR Imagery to the Coast of the Korea Peninsula- A Case Study of the Hebei Spirit Oil Spill

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Duk-jin; Kang, Jinho; Kim, Younsoo; Lee, Hoonyol; Moon, Wooil M.

    2008-11-01

    On December 7th, 2007, the nation's largest maritime oil spill occurred on the west coast of the Korean peninsula. More than 10,000 tons of crude oil from an oil tanker leaked into the Yellow Sea and contaminated an ecologically pristine region as well as polluted the western coastline of the Korean peninsula. All SAR sensors then available including TerraSAR-X, ENVISAT ASAR, RADARSAT-1, ERS-2 SAR and ALOS PALSAR acquired imageries over the contaminated area from oil spill. Dark patches observed in SAR images, due to the presence of oil slicks, were extracted using adaptive thresholding methods. From multi-frequency SAR images, the damping ratios were calculated and analyzed with measured wind speed and radar frequency. With the multi-temporal SAR images, the movement of oil slicks was monitored and traced.

  3. Active Microwave Satellite Data for High Latitude Pan-Boreal/ Arctic Permafrost Monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartsch, A.; Naeimi, V.; Park, S.-E.; Sabel, D.

    2009-11-01

    Circumpolar permafrost monitoring is currently largely based on in-situ measurements and modelling. The capabilities of satellite data with respect to operational monitoring need to be assessed. Within the ESA DUE Permafrost project a wide range of EO datasets will be explored and integrated in an information system with extensive involvement of the permafrost research community. This comprises pan-boreal/arctic to local scale products. This paper discusses the potential of active microwave satellite products (scatterometer and SAR) for permafrost modeling and monitoring on pan-boreal/arctic scale. This includes soil moisture and freeze/thaw. Water in the soil impacts the ground thermal regime. The currently available Metop ASCAT (C-band) data also allow the identification of long term surface wetness anomalies based on ERS as well as the detection of frozen ground status. The possibilities of MetOp ASCAT and ENVISAT ASAR Global Monitoring Mode for the latter application are explored in this paper.

  4. Coupling atmospheric and ocean wave models for storm simulation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Du, Jianting

    is found to have similar spatial patterns as the Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar (ASAR) radar backscatter; both show features of the bathymetry. Analysis of the wind field from the non-coupled and WBLM coupled experiments show that the wind-wave coupling is important in strong wind conditions, varying......This thesis studies the wind-wave interactions through the coupling between the atmospheric model and ocean surface wave models. Special attention is put on storm simulations in the North Sea for wind energy applications in the coastal zones. The two aspects, namely storm conditions and coastal...... areas, are challenging for the wind-wave coupling system because: in storm cases, the wave field is constantly modified by the fast varying wind field; in coastal zones, the wave field is strongly influenced by the bathymetry and currents. Both conditions have complex, unsteady sea state varying...

  5. Operational SAR-based sea ice drift monitoring over the Baltic Sea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Karvonen

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available An algorithm for computing ice drift from pairs of synthetic aperture radar (SAR images covering a common area has been developed at FMI. The algorithm has been developed based on the C-band SAR data over the Baltic Sea. It is based on phase correlation in two scales (coarse and fine with some additional constraints. The algorithm has been running operationally in the Baltic Sea from the beginning of 2011, using Radarsat-1 ScanSAR wide mode and Envisat ASAR wide swath mode data. The resulting ice drift fields are publicly available as part of the MyOcean EC project. The SAR-based ice drift vectors have been compared to the drift vectors from drifter buoys in the Baltic Sea during the first operational season, and also these validation results are shown in this paper. Also some navigationally useful sea ice quantities, which can be derived from ice drift vector fields, are presented.

  6. Environmental monitoring of coastal and oceanic areas with orbital sensors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrícia Genovez

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available PETROBRAS is using spaceborne multi-sensor remote sensing for its sea surface monitoring program at the Campos, Santos and Espírito Santo basins, southeastern Brazilian coast. Ocean color (SeaWiFS and MODIS, thermal infrared (NOAA/AVHRR, scatterometer (QuikSCAT and Synthetic Aperture Radar (RADARSAT-1 and ASAR/ENVISAT data were integrated in order to detect and characterize different sorts of marine pollution and meteo-oceanographic phenomena. The near real time processing and delivery of the radar data allowed the timely in-situ verification and sampling of the remotely detected events. The integrated analysis of these dataset presents an important decision tool for emergencies, as well for the elaboration of contingency plans and evaluation of the oil industry activity impacts.

  7. UTILIZAÇÃO DE SOFTWARE CAD E CAE NO DESENVOLVIMENTO DE PRODUTO SUSTENTÁVEL PARA AQUECIMENTO DE ÁGUA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Henrique Sales

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Atualmente a engenharia tem preocupação em desenvolvimento de projetos que atendam as necessidades socioambientais. Neste trabalho, apresenta-se um produto que usa o conceito de sustentabilidade visando auxiliar na ação contra alguns dos problemas ambientais que afetam o planeta, sendo grande parte destes associados ao uso irracional de recursos, como energia e a água.  O produto utiliza materiais recicláveis para obter um painel solar, denominado de ASAR (Aquecedor Solar Alternativo por Reflexão com a função de aquecer água para uso residencial. Com base do método do modelo de referência, foi feita a modelagem e simulação com ferramentas como o CAD e CAE.

  8. Sentinel-1 provides ice drift observations for Copernicus Marine Environment Monitoring Service (CMEMS)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Toudal Pedersen, Leif; Saldo, Roberto

    Sea ice drift information with an accuracy that allows also ice deformation (divergence, shear, vorticity) to be derived is being operationally generated in the Copernicus Marine Environment Monitoring Service (CMEMS).The method is based on 2-dimensional digital cross correlation where subsections......View project in 2007 when large volumes of ENVISAT ASAR images of the Polar regions became available during the International Polar Year. A dataset of daily ice drift vectors of the Polar Regions (North and South) is now available covering the time period from 2007 to the present time.In 2009 the processing...... became part of the GMES Marine Core Service MyOcean and when ENVISAT seized operation in 2012, this enabled a switch to daily RADARSAT-2 coverage of key regions in both hemispheres covered by the GMES Space Component Data Access (GSC-DA) grant.From October 2014, the data provision has switched...

  9. A New Approach for Monitoring the Terra Nova Bay Polynya through MODIS Ice Surface Temperature Imagery and Its Validation during 2010 and 2011 Winter Seasons

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppe Aulicino

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available Polynyas are dynamic stretches of open water surrounded by ice. They typically occur in remote regions of the Arctic and Antarctic, thus remote sensing is essential for monitoring their dynamics. On regional scales, daily passive microwave radiometers provide useful information about their extent because of their independence from cloud coverage and daylight; nonetheless, their coarse resolution often does not allow an accurate discrimination between sea ice and open water. Despite its sensitivity to the presence of clouds, thermal infrared (TIR Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS provides higher-resolution information (typically 1 km at large swath widths, several times per day, proving to be useful for the retrieval of the size of polynyas. In this study, we deal with Aqua satellite MODIS observations of a frequently occurring coastal polynya in the Terra Nova Bay (TNB, Ross Sea (Antarctica. The potential of a new methodology for estimating the variability of this polynya through MODIS TIR during the 2010 and 2011 freezing season (April to October is presented and discussed. The polynya is observed in more than 1600 radiance scenes, after a preliminary filter evaluates and discards cloudy and fog-contaminated scenes. This reduces the useful MODIS swaths to about 50% of the available acquisitions, but a revisit time of less than 24 h is kept for about 90% of the study period. As expected, results show a high interannual variability with an opening/closing fluctuation clearly depending on the regime of the katabatic winds recorded by the automatic weather stations Rita and Eneide along the TNB coast. Retrievals are also validated through a comparison with a set of 196 co-located high-resolution ENVISAT ASAR images. Although our estimations slightly underestimate the ASAR derived extents, a good agreement is found, the linear correlation reaching 0.75 and the average relative error being about 6%. Finally, a sensitivity test on

  10. Correcting atmospheric effects on InSAR with MERIS water vapour data and elevation-dependent interpolation model

    KAUST Repository

    Li, Z. W.

    2012-05-01

    The propagation delay when radar signals travel from the troposphere has been one of the major limitations for the applications of high precision repeat-pass Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR). In this paper, we first present an elevation-dependent atmospheric correction model for Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar (ASAR—the instrument aboard the ENVISAT satellite) interferograms with Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MERIS) integrated water vapour (IWV) data. Then, using four ASAR interferometric pairs over Southern California as examples, we conduct the atmospheric correction experiments with cloud-free MERIS IWV data. The results show that after the correction the rms differences between InSAR and GPS have reduced by 69.6 per cent, 29 per cent, 31.8 per cent and 23.3 per cent, respectively for the four selected interferograms, with an average improvement of 38.4 per cent. Most importantly, after the correction, six distinct deformation areas have been identified, that is, Long Beach–Santa Ana Basin, Pomona–Ontario, San Bernardino and Elsinore basin, with the deformation velocities along the radar line-of-sight (LOS) direction ranging from −20 mm yr−1 to −30 mm yr−1 and on average around −25 mm yr−1, and Santa Fe Springs and Wilmington, with a slightly low deformation rate of about −10 mm yr−1 along LOS. Finally, through the method of stacking, we generate a mean deformation velocity map of Los Angeles over a period of 5 yr. The deformation is quite consistent with the historical deformation of the area. Thus, using the cloud-free MERIS IWV data correcting synchronized ASAR interferograms can significantly reduce the atmospheric effects in the interferograms and further better capture the ground deformation and other geophysical signals.

  11. Capability of C-Band SAR for Operational Wetland Monitoring at High Latitudes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia Reschke

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Wetlands store large amounts of carbon, and depending on their status and type, they release specific amounts of methane gas to the atmosphere. The connection between wetland type and methane emission has been investigated in various studies and utilized in climate change monitoring and modelling. For improved estimation of methane emissions, land surface models require information such as the wetland fraction and its dynamics over large areas. Existing datasets of wetland dynamics present the total amount of wetland (fraction for each model grid cell, but do not discriminate the different wetland types like permanent lakes, periodically inundated areas or peatlands. Wetland types differently influence methane fluxes and thus their contribution to the total wetland fraction should be quantified. Especially wetlands of permafrost regions are expected to have a strong impact on future climate due to soil thawing. In this study ENIVSAT ASAR Wide Swath data was tested for operational monitoring of the distribution of areas with a long-term SW near 1 (hSW in northern Russia (SW = degree of saturation with water, 1 = saturated, which is a specific characteristic of peatlands. For the whole northern Russia, areas with hSW were delineated and discriminated from dynamic and open water bodies for the years 2007 and 2008. The area identified with this method amounts to approximately 300,000 km2 in northern Siberia in 2007. It overlaps with zones of high carbon storage. Comparison with a range of related datasets (static and dynamic showed that hSW represents not only peatlands but also temporary wetlands associated with post-forest fire conditions in permafrost regions. Annual long-term monitoring of change in boreal and tundra environments is possible with the presented approach. Sentinel-1, the successor of ENVISAT ASAR, will provide data that may allow continuous monitoring of these wetland dynamics in the future complementing global observations of

  12. Assessing Seasonal Backscatter Variations with Respect to Uncertainties in Soil Moisture Retrieval in Siberian Tundra Regions

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    Elin Högström

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Knowledge of surface hydrology is essential for many applications, including studies that aim to understand permafrost response to changing climate and the associated feedback mechanisms. Advanced remote sensing techniques make it possible to retrieve a range of land-surface variables, including radar retrieved soil moisture (SSM. It has been pointed out before that soil moisture retrieval from satellite data can be challenging at high latitudes, which correspond to remote areas where ground data are scarce and the applicability of satellite data of this type is essential. This study investigates backscatter variability other than associated with changing soil moisture in order to examine the possible impact on soil moisture retrieval. It focuses on issues specific to SSM retrieval in the Arctic, notably variations related to tundra lakes. ENVISAT Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar (ASAR Wide Swath (WS, 120 m data are used to understand and quantify impacts on Metop (AAdvanced Scatterometer (ASCAT, 25 km soil moisture retrieval during the snow free period. Sites of interest are chosen according to ASAR WS availability, high or low agreement between output from the land surface model ORCHIDEE and ASCAT derived SSM. Backscatter variations are analyzed with respect to the ASCAT footprint area. It can be shown that the low model agreement is related to water fraction in most cases. No difference could be detected between periods with floating ice (in snow off situation and ice free periods at the chosen sites. The mean footprint backscatter is however impacted by partial short term surface roughness change. The water fraction correlates with backscatter deviations (relative to a smooth water surface reference image within the ASCAT footprint areas (R = 0.91

  13. Sequential combination of multi-source satellite observations for separation of surface deformation associated with serial seismic events

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    Chen, Qiang; Xu, Qian; Zhang, Yijun; Yang, Yinghui; Yong, Qi; Liu, Guoxiang; Liu, Xianwen

    2018-03-01

    Single satellite geodetic technique has weakness for mapping sequence of ground deformation associated with serial seismic events, like InSAR with long revisiting period readily leading to mixed complex deformation signals from multiple events. It challenges the observation capability of single satellite geodetic technique for accurate recognition of individual surface deformation and earthquake model. The rapidly increasing availability of various satellite observations provides good solution for overcoming the issue. In this study, we explore a sequential combination of multiple overlapping datasets from ALOS/PALSAR, ENVISAT/ASAR and GPS observations to separate surface deformation associated with the 2011 Mw 9.0 Tohoku-Oki major quake and two strong aftershocks including the Mw 6.6 Iwaki and Mw 5.8 Ibaraki events. We first estimate the fault slip model of major shock with ASAR interferometry and GPS displacements as constraints. Due to the used PALSAR interferogram spanning the period of all the events, we then remove the surface deformation of major shock through forward calculated prediction thus obtaining PALSAR InSAR deformation associated with the two strong aftershocks. The inversion for source parameters of Iwaki aftershock is conducted using the refined PALSAR deformation considering that the higher magnitude Iwaki quake has dominant deformation contribution than the Ibaraki event. After removal of deformation component of Iwaki event, we determine the fault slip distribution of Ibaraki shock using the remained PALSAR InSAR deformation. Finally, the complete source models for the serial seismic events are clearly identified from the sequential combination of multi-source satellite observations, which suggest that the major quake is a predominant mega-thrust rupture, whereas the two aftershocks are normal faulting motion. The estimated seismic moment magnitude for the Tohoku-Oki, Iwaki and Ibaraki evens are Mw 9.0, Mw 6.85 and Mw 6.11, respectively.

  14. Using radar interferometry and SBAS technique to detect surface subsidence relating to coal mining in Upper Silesia from 1993-2000 and 2003-2010

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    Nádudvari Ádám

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available In the presented research ERS1-2 and Envisat ASAR archive data were used for the periods 1993 – 2000 and 2003 – 2010. The radar images were acquired over Upper Silesia in southern Poland. DinSAR (Differential InSAR and SBAS (Small Baseline Subset methods were applied for the detection of the most subsided areas. The DinSAR images were layer stacked for an image using 26 interferometry pairs of ERS1-2 SAR and 16 pairs from Envisat ASAR images in an ascending-descending orbit combination. The stacking of these images showed the most subsided parts of these cities even under low coherent areas, but the results are less precise. In the Upper Silesian Coal Basin, intensive underground coal exploitation has resulted in several surface deformations under Bytom (~8-17 km2, Piekary Śląskie (~9-15 km2, Ruda Śląska (~32-42 km2 and Katowice (~20-23 km2 with 25-40 cm of subsidence (in general in the studied time periods. The SBAS technique has also shown that coal mining caused subsidence in the cities of Bytom, Katowice, and Piekary Śląskie of 5-7 cm/yr. The presented SBAS method did not work for low coherent areas, e.g. dense forested areas. DInSAR data also pointed to several decreasingly less active mining areas, which relate to the mine closures in Bytom and Ruda Śląska, which is also verified by the time series analysis.

  15. ANALISIS KETERSEDIAAN AIR SUNGAI BAWAH TANAH DAN PEMANFAATAN BERKELANJUTAN DI KAWASAN KARST MAROS SULAWESI SELATAN (Analysis of Underground River Water Availability and Its Sustainable uses at Karst Maros Area in South Sulawesi

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    Muhammad Arsyad

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Kawasan Karst Maros mempunyai tata air yang kondusif, baik yang berada di bawah gua maupun yang muncul sebagai sungai permukaan, seperti DAS Bantimurung. DAS Bantimurung bahagian hulunya dipergunakan sebagai tempat pariwisata, air irigasi bagi pertanian dan air baku PDAM Kabupaten Maros. Untuk itu, perlu dilakukan valuasi ekonomi terhadap sumberdaya air tersebut, berupa nilai total ekonomi. Besarnya debit air yang terdapat di Kawasan Karst Maros selama 20 tahun (1990-2010 cenderung berada pada angka 7,00 m3/s, dengan debit air terendah terjadi bulan September, sekitar 1,00 m3/s dan tertinggi pada bulan Januari mencapai 20 m3/s. Perhitungan nilai guna langsung  (direct use value sebesar Rp.385.479.052.214, nilai guna tidak langsung (indirect use value sebesar Rp.13.251.588.000,  dan nilai bukan guna (non  use value sebesar Rp.20.016.148.000, sehingga nilai ekonomi total (Total Economic Value, TEV dari setiap tahunnya sebesar Rp.418.746.788.214. Untuk keberlanjutan pemanfaatan air sungai bawah tanah Kawasan Karst Maros diperoleh kebutuhan air seluruh irigasi pertanian di Kabupaten Maros adalah 5,32 m3/s dan PDAM sebesar 2.037.943 m3 setiap tahun.  Sedangkan air yang tersedia di Kawasan Karst Maros adalah 220,8 juta m3 setiap tahun, sehingga masih ada surplus air sebesar 15,10 juta m3 setiap tahun.   ABSTRACT The karst region of Maros has water system that is conducive both under the cave and emerge as the river surface, such as watershed Bantimurung. The upstream of DAS Bantimurung is used as a place of tourism , agriculture and irrigation for raw water in Maros PDAM. To that end, economic valuation needed to be done to water resource, in the form of total economic value. The amount of discharge water contained in Maros Karst area for 20 years (1990-2010 tended stands at 7,00 m3/s, with the lowest water discharge occurred in September, approximately 1,00 m3/s and the highest in January at 20 m3/s. Direct use value amounted to Rp 385

  16. PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT DESA PESISIR MELALUI PENGUATAN BUDAYA MARITIM DALAM MENGHADAPI PASAR BEBAS MASYARAKAT EKONOMI ASEAN

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    hezron sabar rotua tinambunan

    2017-02-01

    tahun 2016, yang bertujuan sebagai salah satu upaya untuk meningkatkan stabilitas perekonomian di kawasan ASEAN. Memunculkan masalah diantaranya bagaimana kebijakan serta faktor apa saja yang menjadi kendala penguatan bagi masyarakat pesisir oleh Pemerintah Provinsi Jawa Timur. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kualitatif dengan sumber datanya berupa sumber data primer dan data sekunder. Lokasi penelitian di Jawa Timur yang meliputi beberapa kota/kabupaten yang ditentukan secara purposive. Data primer dan sekunder dikumpulkan melalui metode interaktif dan non interaktif serta dianalisis dengan menggunakan analisis interaktif dan mengalir. Diperlukan kesinambungan kerjasama antara pemerintah daerah dan masyarakat guna menghadapi tantangan MEA. Keresahan nelayan ketika ingin mengembangkan usaha adalah tempat pemasaran hasil produknya. Pemerintah daerah harus membuat regulasi terkait sistem resi gudang guna memangkas jalur tengkulak yang sangat mematikan hasil usaha nelayan dalam menjamin ketersediaan modal usaha untuk produksi yang berkelanjutan; mengendalikan ketersediaan kebutuhan pangan daerah dan menstabilkan harga komoditi.   Kata Kunci: Nelayan, Pemerintah Daerah, Masyarakat Ekonomi ASEAN, Resi Gudang

  17. DAYA TANGKAP KAPAL PUKAT CINCIN DAN UPAYA PENANGKAPAN PADA PERIKANAN PELAGIS KECIL DI LAUT JAWA

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    Purwanto Purwanto

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Pelaku usaha perikanan cenderung untuk terus memperbesar ukuran kapal, ukuran alat tangkap, dan alat bantu penangkapan ikan guna meningkatkan daya tangkapnya agar tercapai hasil tangkapan yang dapat memberikan jaminan kelangsungan usahanya. Oleh karena itu, estimasi perkembangan upaya penangkapan ikan tanpa memperhitungkan perubahan daya tangkap kapal perikanan tidak akan menggambarkan secara tepat perkembangan tekanan penangkapan terhadap sumber daya ikan. Hasil analisis regresi berganda menggunakan ordinary least square menunjukkan bahwa faktor yang secara signifikan mempengaruhi daya tangkap mencakup kekuatan mesin kapal, serta volume pukat cincin dan kekuatan lampu yang digunakan dalam penangkapan ikan. Pada periode tahun 1988-2004 ketiga faktor tersebut cenderung meningkat, sehingga daya tangkap juga cenderung meningkat. Koreksi terhadap upaya penangkapan nominal untuk mengakomodasikan pengaruh perubahan daya tangkap dari tahun ke tahun telah memperbaiki hasil analisis produktivitas kapal. Untuk kebutuhan pengendalian penangkapan ikan guna memperkecil ancaman terhadap kelestarian sumber daya ikan, Pemerintah perlu mengatur kekuatan mesin kapal dan ukuran jaring kaitannya dengan ukuran kapal serta kekuatan maksimum lampu yang digunakan sebagai alat bantu penangkapan ikan.   Fishers tend to increase the size of fishing vessel, fishing gear, and supporting equipment in order to enlarge its fishing power as an attempt to get greater catch. Therefore, an estimation of the development of fishing effort without taking into account the development of the fishing power would not result in a correct figure of fishing pressure on a fish stock. The result shows that fishing power of purse seiners was affected by vessel engine power, purse seine volume, and lamp power used in fishing. During 1988-2004, there was a tendency of those three factors to increase. Consequently, fishing power of the fleet had a tendency to increase. A correction to the

  18. PENGELOLAAN ARSIP DINAMIS DALAM MENINGKATKAN SISTEM INFORMASI MANAJEMEN DI KANTOR PERPUSTAKAAN DAN ARSIP DAERAH KABUPATEN BANJARNEGARA

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    Sri Hastuti Pudji Rahayu

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mendeskripsikan fungsi-fungsi manajemen dalam arsip dinamis guna meningkatkan sistem informasi manajemen sehingga diperoleh kendala-kendala dan upaya-upaya yang dilakukan. Pendekatan dalam penelitian ini adalah pendekatan kualitatif dengan cara snowball sampling sebagai tekniknya. Metode penelitian yang digunakan peneliti adalah metode penelitian kepustakaan dan studi lapangan yang meliputi observasi, wawancara dan dokumentasi. Peneliti memilih metode analisis data menurut Miles dan Huberman yang meliputi tiga tahapan: reduksi data, display data, verifikasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Kantor Perpustakaan dan Arsip Daerah Kabupaten Banjarnegara menggunakan pola klasifikasi dalam pelaksanaan pengelolaan arsip dinamis. Dengan penggunaan sistem itulah sistem informasi manajemen dapat dilaksanakan dengan baik. Kekurangan sistem ini adalah pada kegiatan pencatatan dan penyimpanan arsip dinamis aktif yang tidak dilaksanakan secara rutin dikarenakan pada bagian itu tidak ditunjuk petugas arsip yang menangani arsip, namun hanya dibebankan oleh seorang pegawai saja. Selain itu, sampai saat ini kantor juga belum melaksanakan pemusnahan arsip yang sudah tidak memiliki nilai guna. The purpose of this study is to describe the functions of records management in order to improve the management of information systems in order to obtain the constraints and the efforts undertaken. The approach in this study is a qualitative approach with purposive sampling and snowball sampling as a technique. The research method used is the method of literature research investigators and field studies that include observations, interviews and documentation. Researchers chose the method of data analysis that includes Miles and Huberman three phases: data reduction, data display, verification. The study procedures include the permitting process, the implementation in the field, until the The results showed that the Office of Library and

  19. Praktik Trademark Squatting dalam Proses Pendaftaran Merek di Indonesia

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    Widya Justitia

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui dan menganalisis mengapa praktik trademark squatting dapat terjadi dalam proses pendaftaran merek beserta cara mengatasinya. Selanjutnya, penelitian ini juga membahas mengenai konsepsi ideal terkait proses pendaftaran merek di Indonesia guna menghindari dan meminimalisasi praktik trademark squatting. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kualitatif yang bersifat yuridis empiris dan data yang terkumpul dianalisa dengan metode deskriptif kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa praktik trademark squatting merupakan suatu tindakan mendaftarkan merek milik orang lain yang belum terdaftar, sehingga membuat pemilik merek yang sebenarnya tidak dapat lagi mendaftarkan mereknya. Setelah itu, pelaku menjual sertifikat hak atas merek tersebut kepada pemilik aslinya dengan harga melebihi biaya permohonan pendaftaran merek pada umumnya. Kendala yang ditemui dalam proses pendaftaran merek di Indonesia adalah kurangnya sumber daya manusia dalam menangani jumlah permohonan pendaftaran merek yang mencapai ribuan setiap harinya. Hal ini berdampak pada tidak optimalnya proses pendaftaran merek di Indonesia yaitu dengan menggagas suatu sistem yang bernama first to file based on use guna mengoptimalisasikan perlindungan pemilik merek, pertimbangan untuk meratifikasi Madrid System juga merupakan salah satu opsi lain untuk mencegah praktik trademark squatting. Abstract The purpose of this research is to identify and analyze why the practice of trademark squatting could occur in Indonesia's trademark registration process along with the constraints found in the trademark registration process in Indonesia and how to overcome them. Furthermore, it will also discuss the ideal conception related to trademark registration process to avoid and minimize the practice of trademark squatting. This research is an empirical legal research and all data were analyzed with qualitative methods. The results showed that trademark squatting is

  20. Enfermedades bacterianas del periodonto y tejidos adyacentes en el paciente portador de SIDA

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    Elena Morán López

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available El Síndrome de Inmunodeficiencia Adquirida (SIDA es una de las enfermedades más devastadoras del sistema inmune del hombre. En la cavidad bucal de estos pacientes se observan formas no comunes de enfermedades periodontales y gingivales parecidas a la GUNA, presentan dolores agudos, encías hiperémicas, hemorragias espontáneas y una rápida progresión de la enfermedad que causa extensa destrucción de tejidos blandos y óseos. La importancia clínica de esta condición es que está asociada con una supresión severa del sistema inmune con recuento celular de CD4 por debajo de 100 células/mm3. Resulta necesario que todo estomatólogo conozca las manifestaciones bucales del SIDA para ayudar al diagnóstico y tratamiento de estos pacientes y evitar convertirse en portadores y a la vez trasmisores de esta epidemia, que a diferencia de las demás, es en gran medida prevenible, más aún, cuando la responsabilidad de su prevención recae no sólo sobre las autoridades sanitarias del país, sino también y fundamentalmente, sobre todas las personas.Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome is one of the most devastating diseases for the man´s immune system. In the oral cavity of these patients, we may observe uncommon forms of GUNA-like periodontal and gingival diseases, acute pain, hypernemic gums, spontaneous hemorrhage and rapid development of the disease that cause extensive damage to soft and bone tissues. The clinical importance of this condition lies in its linking with a severe suppression of the immune system, with a CD4 cell count under 100 cell/mm3. It is necessary that every dentist recognize the oral manifestations of AIDS in order to assist in the diagnosis and treatment of these patients and to avoid becoming both carriers and transmitters of thes epidemic that, unlike the others, is preventable to a great extent because the responsability for its prevention falls not only on the sanitary authorities but also on every person fundamentally.

  1. Transport Infrastructure and the Environment in the Global South: Sustainable Mobility and Urbanism

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    Robert Cervero

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak. Integrasi infrastruktur transportasi dan perkembangan kota harus ditingkatkan kepentingannya. Di banyak kota di belahan bumi bagian selatan, investasi pada Bus Rapid Transit (BRT memberikan kesempatan untuk peningkatan tersebut. Akan tetapi, sampai saat ini, sistem BRT telah gagal dalam menciptakan pembangunan yang kompak dan multi-guna bukan saja karena kurangnya perencanaan strategis kawasan stasiun tetapi juga dampak dari penempatan jalur-jalur dan stasiun pada wilayah perkotaan yang stagnan dan pada median jalan yang sibuk. Sistem BRT selama ini dipertimbangkan dan dirancang sebagai suatu investasi pergerakan dan bukan pembentuk kota. Disebabkan mayoritas pertumbuhan kota di masa depan di seluruh dunia akan berada pada kota-kota menengah yang cocok untuk investasi BRT, kesempatan untuk membuat sistem BRT sebagai investasi pembentuk kota tidak boleh disia-siakan. Pembangunan yang berorientasi transit adalah salah satu dari sejumlah model yang paling menjanjikan untuk mendorong pola pergerakan dan urbanisasi yang lebih berkelanjutan di kota-kota di belahan bumi selatan.Kata kunci. Transportasi publik, bus rapid transit, tata guna lahan, keberlanjutan, pembangunan berorientasi transitAbstract. The integration of transport infrastructure and urban development must be elevated in importance. In many cities of the Global South, recent Bus Rapid Transit (BRT investments provide an unprecedented opportunity to do just that. To date, however, BRT systems have failed to leverage compact, mixed-use development due not only to little strategic station-area planning but also factors like siting lines and stations in stagnant urban districts and busy roadway medians. BRT systems are being conceived and designed as mobility investments rather than city-shaping ones. Given that the majority of future urban growth worldwide will be in intermediate-size cities well-suited for BRT investments, the opportunities for making these not only mobility

  2. UPAYA PEMEGANG HAK TANGGUNGAN MENGANTISIPASI HAPUSNYA HAK ATAS TANAH SEBAGAI OBYEK HAK TANGGUNGAN

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    Acep Rohendi

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract  - Mortgage abolishment because the expiration of the Right of Exploitation (HGU, Right of Building (HGB, and Right of Use burdened not cause the abolishment of collateralized debt obligations. Duration HGU, HGB and wear rights expire, then the mortgage that is charged against the land becomes clear. This additional agreement means clear. Instead principal agreement (credit agreement is not necessarily to be clear, and move on. In this case resulted in the creditors are in a weak position because of unpaid debts, Mortgage over land as collateral to remove. This study discusses the normative legal efforts to do the lender to avoid the possible risk of the abolishment of land rights based on Law Number 42 Year 1996, which includes the manufacture of promise land extend rights in the imposition of mortgage deed, power of attorney making mortgage charging time HGB changes become ownership rights residential, Object insurance burden for advantage mortgage holder mortgage, debitor to request additional collateral.   Keywords: Mortgage, Creditors, Land Rights   Abstrak - Hapusnya Hak Tanggungan karena berakhirnya jangka waktu HGU ( Hak Guna Usaha, HGB (Hak Guna Bangunan dan Hak Pakai yang dibebani Hak Tanggungan tidak menyebabkan hapusnya utang yang dijamin(Pasal 18 Ayat (4 UUHT . Dengan ketentuan ini, apabila jangka waktu HGU, HGB dan Hak pakai, maka hak tanggungan yang dibebankan terhadap tanah tersebut menjadi hapus. Artinya perjanjian tambahan ini hapus. Sebaliknya perjanjian pokok (perjanjian kredit tidak serta merta menjadi hapus, dan berjalan terus. Dalam hal ini mengakibatkan pihak kreditor berada pada posisi yang lemah karena utang belum dilunasi, Hak Tanggungan atas tanah yang dijadikan jaminan menjadi hapus. Pihak kreditor  yang tadinya berposisi sebagai Kreditor yang bersifat Preferen atas pelunasan utang tersebut dengan jaminan tanah tersebut, dengan hapusnya Hak Tanggungan atas tanah tersebut, maka pihak kreditor preferen

  3. PEMERIKSAAN SENYAWA-SENYAWA TURUNAN FENOL DAUN HANDEULEUM (Graptophyllum pictum ( L Griff

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    Ani Isnawati

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Tanaman Handeuleum (Graptophyllum pictum (L Griff dikenal sebagai tanaman liar, tanaman pagar atau tanaman hias. Tanaman ini hampir tersebar luas di Indonesia. Secara empiris daun Handeuleum berkhasiat sebagai obat bawasir, obat  bisul, luka-luka, radang juga untuk menghilangkan konstipasi, adapun kandungan senyawa kimia yang diduga berperan menyebabkan efek tersebut adalah turunan senyawa fenol. Sehubungan dengan hal tersebut diatas, dan untuk mengetahui lebih lanjut mengenai kandungan senyawa-senyawa turunan fenol daun Handeuleum (Grpatophyllum pictum (L Griff., maka dilakukan penelitian senyawa-senyawa turunan fenol daun handeuleum (Graptophyllum (L Griff. Pemeriksaan kandungan kimia meliputi pemeriksaan pendahuluan terhadap berbagai ekstrak dengan reaksi warna dan pengendapan guna mengetahui golongan senyawa polifenol, selanjutnya dilakukan pemeriksaan senyawa-senyawa turunan fenol dengan kromatografi kertas dan spektrofotometer UV. Hasil pemeriksaan pendahuluan ditunjukkan adanya tanin, flavanoid,  antosianin, dan leukoantosianin. Pemeriksaan lebih lanjut  menggunakan kromatografi kertas didapat tannin galat dan diduga adanya asam protokatekuat, sedangkan kromatografi kertas preparatif yang dikarakteristik dengan spektrofotometer UV diduga adanya flavon atau flavonol.Kata kunci : Handeuleum, Graptiphyllum pictum (L Griff, kromatografi. 

  4. STRATEGI PENINGKATAN KESEJAHTERAAN MASYARAKAT NELAYAN KECAMATAN PADEMAWU KABUPATEN PAMEKASAN

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    Liony Wijayanti

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui tingkat kesejahteraan nelayan, mengetahui faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kemiskinan dan strategi peningkatan kesejahteraan pada masyarakat nelayan di Kecamatan Pademawu. Data penelitian diperoleh dari data primer dan data sekunder yang kemudian dianalisis dengan analisis kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa didasarkan pada kriteria World Bank dinyatakan nelayan belum sejahtera. Namun jika didasarkan pada kriteria BPS propinsi Jawa Timur dinyatakan sudah sejahtera. Kemiskinan di lokasi ini disebabkan oleh faktor alam, budaya dan struktur. Sementara strategi guna meningkatkan kesejahteraan masih didominasi oleh program pemerintah. Abstract The aims of this research are to find out the level welfare of fishermen, determinant factor of poverty and its improvement strategic on fisherman society in Pademawu sub-district. Data is derived from primary and secondary data, and then analyzed by descriptive qualitative analysis. The results of this research shows welfare level of fisherman based on world bank standard is not on welfare yet. While, based on both Provincial and National Statistic bureau welfare level of fisherman society is on welfare. Poverty in this location is caused by some factors such as nature, culture and structure. The strategic to improve the welfare is dominated by government program.

  5. Pengelolaan Energi Listrik Pada Gedung Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Udayana Kampus Sudirman Denpasar

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    Ida Bagus Putra Setanu M

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Fakultas  Kedokteran Universitas Udayana merupakan salah satu fakultas terbaik ke 10 di Indonesia, dengan jumlah dosen 245 orang, mahasiswa 2126 orang, pegawai 145 orang, dengan luas bangunan 6.745 m2, 4 lantai, serta kapasitas pasokan listrik dari PLN sebesar 312 kWh dan cadangan Genset sebesar 500 kVA. Pemakaian energi listrik berdasarkan pembayaran rekening per luas bangunan diperoleh IKE sebesar 82,94 kWh/m2/thn termasuk katagori sangat efisien. Dengan pemakaian per hari efektif; AC 44%, lampu 14%, komputer set 25%, dan 16% peralatan lainnya. Sistem pengkondisian udara ruangan berAC berkisar antara 25 – 26, dan kelembaban 61% - 65%. Sebagian besar ruangan telah memenuhi standar kenyamanan termal sebesar 72% dari keseluruhan ruangan. Untuk sistem pencahayaan yang belum memenuhi standar pencahayaan minimum sebesar 57%, sedangkan yang memenuhi sebesar 43% dari keseluruhan ruangan. Nilai rata-rata OTTV selubung bangunan 32,86 watt/m2 dari standar ditetapkan 45watt/m2 atau sesuai dengan syarat bangunan hemat energi, untuk melakukan penghematan perlu dibuatkan program pemakaian energi. Salah satu program yang dapat dilakukan adalah pengaturan jadwal pemakaian atau pengantian lampu TL dengan lampu LHE guna menghemat pemakaian energi, serta cahayanya dapat ditingkatkan dengan menaikan watt lampu. Pengaturan jadwal pemakaian peralatan dapat dilakukan dengan membuatkan program SOP, terutamanya pada pemakaian AC, lampu, PC dan peralatan lainnya.

  6. Update on The Host Range of Different Species of Fruit Flies in Indonesia

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    Suputa Suputa

    2010-12-01

    Guna mendapatkan informasi terkini mengenai peran lalat buah (Diptera: Tephritidae dan Muscidae dalam bidang pertanian, diperlukan inventarisasi kisaran inangnya termasuk yang ada di Indonesia melalui metode surveilansi. Pembaruan informasi mengenai inang lalat buah ini sangat penting untuk dilakukan mengingat semakin maraknya perdagangan buah dan sayur antar pulau di Indoensia dan juga dengan luar negeri. Surveilansi dilakukan dengan cara buah dikoleksi dalam kurun waktu lebih dari tiga tahun dari 24 provinsi di Indonesia, mulai dari Aceh hingga Papua. Zat pemikat lalat buah jantan dalam perangkap Steiner juga digunakan sebagai metode tambahan untuk mendapatkan variasi spesies yang lebih banyak. Sejumlah 1125 sampel buah dikoleksi dari berbagai lokasi. Penelitian ini berhasil mendapatkan informasi secara detail mengenai kisaran inang lalat buah penting dalam bidang pertanian yaitu Adrama determinata, Atherigona orientalis, Bactrocera spp., dan Dacus longicornis. Tiga puluh lima jenis dari 18 famili tumbuhan tercatat sebagai inang lalat buah dan 27 jenis diantaranya merupakan laporan baru sebagai inang lalat buah. Kisaran inang yang lebih luas ditemukan pada penelitian ini dibandingkan dengan data laporan-laporan sebelumnya menunjukkan betapa pentingnya perlakuan karantina yang efektif di dalam mencegah penyebaran dan pemasukan spesies lalat buah berbahaya antar pulau di Indonesia dan dari luar negeri.

  7. Persepsi Masyarakat terhadap Pengelolaan Sampah Padat Perkotaan di Kecamatan Dom Aleixo Kabupaten Dili-Timor Leste

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    João Carlos Soares

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Penelitiaan mengenai persepsi masyarakat terhadap pengelolaan sampah padat perkotaan dilaksanakan di Kecamatan Dom Aleixo, Kabupaten Dili Timor Leste dengan sampel penelitiannya adalah rumah tangga yang ada di Desa Comoro dan Bairopite. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan dengan tujuan untuk: (1 mengkaji persepsi masyarakat terhadap usaha pemerintah dalam memberdayakan, menguatkan serta bagaimana menfasilitasi peranserta masyarakat dalam mengelola sampah rumah tangganya; (2 mengkaji kelemahan-kelemahan maupun permasalahan yang dihadapi Pemerintah Kota Dili dalam hal:  (a merumuskan kebijakan dan peraturan daerah tentang pengelolaan sampah padat perkotaan di Kecamatan Dom Aleixo; (b bagaimana usaha pemerintah daerah menggerakkan masyarakat agar berperan serta secara aktif dalam kegiatan pengelolaan sampah rumah tangganya; (3 mengkaji struktur kelembagaan Pemerintah Kota Dili guna mempertegas pendelegasian wewenang institusi pengelolaan sampah perkotaan; (4  membantu menfasilitasi keterlibatan stakeholder dalam mendukung program pemerintah mengenai pengelolaan sampah perkotaan di Kabupaten Dili. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian yang merujuk pada kegiatan lapangan atau survei. Dari populasi yang ada dipilih sejumlah sampel mengunakan teknik sampling yaitu secara random sampling. Teknik ini dipilih karena populasi sudah diketahui memiliki karakteristik yang homogen sehingga setiap individu yang terpilih sebagai sampel diyakini mampu menggambarkan karakteristik dari populasi tersebut. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis secara mix method yaitu gabungan antara analisis kuantitatif dan kualitatif. Teknik analisis ini dipilih dengan pertimbangan bahwa data yang telah diolah secara kuantitatif yaitu dengan teknik scoring diharapkan dapat di interpretasi secara lebih luas dan mendalam dengan teknik kualitatif. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan pada bulan Juli 2010 sampai dengan Agustus 2010.  Hasil dari penelitian ini : (a untuk kepentingan pemerintah daerah

  8. USULAN PERBAIKAN KESELAMATAN KERJA MENGGUNAKAN METODE JOB SAFETY ANALYSIS (JSA DAN FAILURE MODE AND EFFECT ANALYSIS (FMEA

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    Ariel Levi

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available PT Prima Utama Mitra Anda adalah perusahaan yang bergerak di bidang industri pembuatan box karoseri. Proses produksinya banyak menggunakan alat atau mesin yang dapat menyebabkan kecelakaan kerja. Data perusahaan menunjukkan terdapat 73 kasus kecelakaan kerja pada tahun 2013 dan 107 kasus kecelakaan kerja pada tahun 2014. Dengan demikian, perlu dilakukan tindakan perbaikan guna menghindari terjadinya kerugian. Dalam penelitian ini digunakan metode Job Safety Analysis (JSA dengan pendekatan metode Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA. Berdasarkan tahapan JSA, terdapat 86 jenis kecelakaan kerja dan diperoleh 5 pekerjaan kritis untuk dianalisis menggunakan metode FMEA. Setelah dilakukan perhitungan RPN, didapatkan 3 pekerjaan dengan tingkat kecelakaan paling tinggi, yaitu pekerjaan menggunakan mesin saw blade, pekerjaan menggunakan mesin las dan pekerjaan menggunakan mesin bor. Selanjutnya, pekerjaan tersebut diberi rekomendasi perbaikan berupa penyusunan Instruksi Kerja (IK. IK berisi langkah dasar pekerjaan, potensi bahaya, serta tata cara kerja yang benar. Selain menyusun IK, tingkat disiplin kerja juga perlu diperhatikan untuk membuktikan penyebab pasti kecelakaan kerja. Tingkat disiplin kerja dipengaruhi oleh beberapa faktor, yaitu tujuan dan kemampuan, teladan pimpinan, balas jasa, keadilan, pengawasan melekat, sanksi hukuman, ketegasan, dan hubungan kemanusiaan. Selain faktor-faktor tersebut, tingkat disiplin kerja dapat dibentuk melalui 2 cara, yaitu dengan disiplin preventif dan disiplin korektif.

  9. Particle Swarm Optimization-Based Direct Inverse Control for Controlling the Power Level of the Indonesian Multipurpose Reactor

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    Yoyok Dwi Setyo Pambudi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available A neural network-direct inverse control (NN-DIC has been simulated to automatically control the power level of nuclear reactors. This method has been tested on an Indonesian pool type multipurpose reactor, namely, Reaktor Serba Guna-GA Siwabessy (RSG-GAS. The result confirmed that this method still cannot minimize errors and shorten the learning process time. A new method is therefore needed which will improve the performance of the DIC. The objective of this study is to develop a particle swarm optimization-based direct inverse control (PSO-DIC to overcome the weaknesses of the NN-DIC. In the proposed PSO-DIC, the PSO algorithm is integrated into the DIC technique to train the weights of the DIC controller. This integration is able to accelerate the learning process. To improve the performance of the system identification, a backpropagation (BP algorithm is introduced into the PSO algorithm. To show the feasibility and effectiveness of this proposed PSO-DIC technique, a case study on power level control of RSG-GAS is performed. The simulation results confirm that the PSO-DIC has better performance than NN-DIC. The new developed PSO-DIC has smaller steady-state error and less overshoot and oscillation.

  10. Pemodelan Beban Pencemar Non-Point Source Sungai Premulung Segmen Kota Surakarta

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    Arya Rezagama

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Sungai Premulung Kota Surakarta mendapatkan beban pencemaran dari sumber pencemaran tidak terpusat seperti limbah domestik dan limbah UKM limbah batik. Kualitas air sangat di pengaruhi oleh kondisi daerah aliran sungai di mana penelitian hubungan antara tata guna lahan dan kualitas sungai masih jarang di aplikasikan di Indonesia. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengenalisa besaran beban pencemaran serta membandingkan secara spasial antara wilayah DAS premulung segmen Kota Surakarta. Survei kualitas air dilakukan dengan melakukan sampling 10 titik sepanjang sungai. Analisa spasial penggunaan lahan hasil dijitasi GIS citra Surakarta diolah dalam model BASIN-PLOAD. Berdasarkan hasil uji laboratorium nilai COD, Nitart, Fosfat maupun tembaga, hampir keseluruhan segmen sungai masih dibawah baku mutu Kelas IV menurut  PP no. 82 tahun 2001. Hasil model munjukkan penataan ruang memiliki korelasi yang sangat erat terhadap jumlah beban pencemaran yang masuk menuju sungai. Beban pencemar sumber bukan terpusat akan berhubungan lurus dengan luas wilayah dan area terbagun. Kelurahan Pajang Kecamatan Laweyan memempati urutan teratas dalam jumlah sumber pencemar dengan nilai 95 kg/tahun untuk CU, 1.097 kg/tahun untuk phosphat, 534 kg/tahun untuk nitrat dan 2.042 kg/tahun untuk COD kemudian diikuti Kelurahan Sondakan, Karangasem, dan Purwosari. Prioritas pengelolaan lingkungan Kota Surakarta dapat dibuat berdasarkan nilai beban pencemarannya.

  11. Strategi Mitigasi Risiko Aset Kritis Teknologi Informasi Menggunakan Metode Octave Dan FMEA

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    Alvina Hendika Putri

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Pengelolaan risiko dengan baik sangat berpengaruh terhadap proses bisnis perusahaan. SMC RS Telogorejo merupakan salah satu rumah sakit yang memiliki banyak aset TI di dalamnya untuk menunjang proses bisnis utamanya. Permasalahan yang sering dialami adalah kerusakan yang terjadi pada aset TI akibat proses kontrol dan maintenance yang belum dilakukan secara rutin dan adanya serangan dari hacker. Kejadian tersebut mengakibatkan semua kegiatan operasional terganggu dan kadang terhenti. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui apa saja aset TI yang ada di perusahaan, menganalisa risiko yang terjadi pada setiap aset TI dan mengetahui mitigasi apa saja yang perlu dilakukan apabila risiko tersebut terjadi pada aset TI. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah Octave untuk mengelola risiko aset TI dan FMEA untuk melakukan penilaian terhadap masing-masing risiko, yang kemudian diranking berdasarkan prioritasnya. Hasil yang diperoleh dalam peneltian ini adalah 0 risiko very high, 0 risiko high, 0 risiko medium, 9 risiko low, 36 risiko very low. Walaupun hanya diperoleh risiko dengan level low dan very low, namun tetap dilakukan mitigasi guna perbaikan Sistem Manajemen Keamanan Informasi perusahaan.

  12. INTESTINAL AND BLOOD PARASITES OF MAN IN TIMOR

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    W. Patrick Carney

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Survey tinja dan darah dipulau Timor guna menentukan distribusi dan prevalensi penyakit parasit diantara penduduk telah dilakukan pada bulan Juli dan Agustus tahun 1972 sebagai kelanjutan dari deretan survey yang dilakukan oleh Direktorat Jenderal Pencegahan Pemberantasan Penyakit menular Departemen Kesehatan, Bagian Parasitologi dan Pathologi Umum Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia dan US Namru-2 di Indonesia. Sejumlah 445 sediaan tinja untuk pemeriksaan parasit usus, 581 sediaan darah untuk pemeriksaan parasit malaria dan 663 sediaan darah untuk pemeriksaan parasit filaria telah diambil dari penduduk cara merata di 7 desa pada 3 kabupaten di Timor, Nusa Tenggara Timur. Enam puluh delapan per cent diantara penduduk melihatkan satu atau lebih parasit usus didalam tinjanya dimana cacing tambang merupakan parasit usus yang terbanyak. Ascaris lumbricoides ketemukan jauh lebih kurang daripada di Jawa, Sumatra dan Sulawesi, juga diketemukan perbedaan itara "intestinal parasite rate" di Timor Indonesia dan Timor Portugis. Dua belas percent penduduk yang diperiksa melihatkan parasit malaria didalam darahnya sedangkan parasit filaria ditemukan sebanyak 8 percent. Plasmodium falciparum merupakan parasit malaria yang terbanyak ditemukan, ia jenis parasit fdaria yang ditemukan adalah "Timor microfilaria" dan Wuchereria bancrofti dimana yang pertama merupakan parasit yang terbanyak diantara penduduk yang diperiksa.

  13. KINERJA HUBUNGAN MASYARAKAT PEMERINTAH DAERAH KABUPATEN DAN KOTA DI JAWA BARAT

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    Agus Rahmat

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Kebutuhan pemerintah Indonesia atas Humas pemerintah tidak lagi dalam tataran wacana atau sekedar konsep secara keIlmuan, keberadaan Humas pemerintah didorong atas kebutuhan pemerintah untuk menjelaskan apa yang dilakukan oleh pemerintah kepada ,asyarakat guna memperoleh dukungan dan untuk menerangkan apa dan bagaimana yang dilakukan pemerintah sehingga lingkungan masyarakat dalam dan masyarakat luar percaya. sudah sejak lama pemerintah di Indonesia termasuk pemerintah daerah memiliki Humas pemerintah, bahkan khusus di lingkungan pemerintah, profesi ini tergabung dalam wadah BakoHumas. Fakta yang ada dan berkembang mengisyaratkan sekaligus mempertanyakan mengenai kinerja Humas Pemerintah selama ini. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan tujuan untuk mendeskripsi kinerja Humas pemerintah khususnya Humas Pemerintah kabupaten dan kota di Jawa Barat. Untuk mencapai tujuan penelitian, metode yang digunakan adalah deskriptif dengan teknik pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui penyebaran angket. Temuan dari penelitian ini memperlihatkan bahwa: pertama, kinerja Humas pemerintah lebih banyak menerimaan teguran dibanding pujian/penghargaan atas hasil kerja; kedua, pegawai di bagian Humas pemerintah sangat sedikit yang berlatar belakang pendidikan formal komunikasi, terlebih lulusan keHumasan selain itu pegawai juga jarang mendapat pendidikan non formal bidang keHumasan; ketiga, aktivitas Humas pemerintah lebih tertumpu pada kegiatan rutin berupa penyediaan informasi bagi media. Konsekuens dari temuan penelitian ini adalah perlunya pengembangan kompetensi pegawai Humas pemerintah melalui linieritas bidang kerja dan pendidikan bagi pegawai baru dan pelatihan bidang keHumasan bagi petugas yang sudah ada. DOI: 10.24198/jkk.vol4n2.2

  14. Peta Buatan untuk Peningkatan Efektivitas Proses Belajar Sistem Koordinat Cartesius

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    NFN Rahmiah

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Pendidikan merupakan suatu rekayasa untuk mengendalikan learning guna mencapai tujuan yang direncanakan secara efektif dan efisien, dalam proses rekayasa ini peranan teaching sangat penting karena merupakan kegiatan yang dilakukan oleh guru untuk mentransfer pengetahuan, keterampilan dan nilai kepada siswa sehingga apa yang ditransfer memiliki makna bagi siswa sendiri dan berguna bagi dirinya sendiri dan masyarakat. Upaya untuk menghadapi tantangan tersebut adalah seorang guru perlu kreatif dan inovatif menciptakan metode mengajar yang dapat meningkatkan efektivitas proses pembelajaran. Oleh karena itu, kajian ini yang merupakan laporan hasil penelitian tindakan kelas pada salah satu SD Negeri di Kabupaten Maros Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan. Berdasarkan hasil yang diperoleh, pada umumnya terjadi peningkatan efektivitas proses berupa sikap belajar peserta didik yang diukur dengan menggunakan angket pengamatan dari siklus I dengan mean sebesar 1,80 ke siklus II sebesar 2,20. Sementara itu, hasil penilaian kognitif yang diukur dengan soal pencapaian kompetensi dasar juga mengalami peningkatan mean dari 70,55 pada siklus I menjadi 74,00 pada siklus ke II. Metode ini sangat dimungkinkan dapat dikembangkan melalui pendidikan matematika, karena matematika memiliki struktur dengan keterkaitan yang kuat dan jelas satu dengan yang lainnya, serta berpola pikir deduktif dan konsisten serta matematika merupakan alat yang dapat memperjelas dan menyederhanakan suatu keadaan atau situasi melalui abstraksi, idealisasi, atau generalisasi untuk suatu studi pemecahan masalah

  15. Analisa Greenwater Akibat Gerakan Offshore Security Vessel

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    Maulidya Octaviani Bustamin

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Analisa  Tugas  Akhir  ini,  terdiri  atas  beberapa  tahapan.  Yang pertama yaitu perancangan struktur Offshore Security Vessel (OSV dengan bantuan software MAXSURF guna mendapatkan Lines Plan. Offset data yang diperoleh digunakan dalam pemodelan menggunakan MOSES,  kemudian  dilakukan  analisa  gerak  OSV  dalam  gelombang  regular  dan dinyatakan dalam grafik RAO. Analisa gerak relatif vertikal  haluan dihitung dari RAO gerakan, dan kemudian melakukan evaluasi perilaku di gelombang acak dengan analisis spektra gelombang. Dari analisa spektra didapatkan parameter greenwater sehingga dapat dihitung peluang, intensitas dan tekanan greenwater. Dari hasil analisa diperoleh RAO gerak vertikal Offshore Security Vessel (OSV pada  gelombang  reguler yang dipengaruhi  oleh  kecepatan,  kondisi  muatan  dan arah gelombang. Peluang terjadinya greenwater terbesar terjadi pada sudut datang gelombang following sea (0o dimana harga terbesar terjadi pada ω = 0.2 rad/sec dengan periode 29 detik mencapai 0.477. Intensitas greenwater terbesar terjadi pada saat sudut datang gelombang following sea (0o adalah sebanyak 59.265 per jam dan 0.378 per detik. Tekanan greenwater terbesar terjadi pada saat sudut datang gelombang head sea (180o sebesar 1678x10-6 MPa. Dengan nilai tersebut, deck mampu menahan beban akibat tekanan greenwater.

  16. Al-Khalfiyyah al-Farâdigmâiyyah lî Azmat al-Bîah wa al-T awajjuh al-’Ilmiy al-Kauniy ‘Inda Said al-Nursi

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    Kadeer Jann Atton

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Suatu kemiskinan atau kemakmuran dapat memiliki dampak negatif terhadap lingkungan sehingga memicu kesadaran pemerintah dan akademisi untuk mengambil kebijakan guna memperbaiki orientasi pembangunan dengan mengarahkannya pada kelestarian lingkungan. Kerusakan ekologis dalam berbagai bentuk seperti polusi, kerusakan tanah, erosi, penggundulan hutan, pemanasan global, hujan asam, punahnya spesies liar, gerakan limbah berbahaya yang diakibatkan oleh aktivitas manusia telah terjadi dalam skala massif dan global. Maka, diperlukan paradigma pembangunan berkelanjutan yang dapat memenuhi kebutuhan saat ini tanpa merusak kemampuan generasi- generasi mendatang untuk memenuhi kebutuhan mereka sendiri. Pembangunan yang memanusiakan manusia, dan tidak benci terhadap teknologi modern. Pembangunan yang tidak rmerusak manusia, dan memarginalkan kontribusi mereka. Segala sesuatunya absah, sepanjang memungkinkan manusia untuk memegang kendali yang lebih baik atas nasibnya sendiri; sepanjang hal itu tidak memperbudak manusia, menimbulkan perpecahan, membuat manusia kehilangan keseimbangan mental dan kesehatan fisik, serta menciptakan disharmoni dalam masyarakat sehingga terwujud peradaban Islam global universal. Peradaban Islam universal dengan semua karakteristik dan identitasnya akan mampu mengubah peradaban Barat, secara positif konstruktif. Karena, landasan utama peradaban Islam adalah kebenaran dan bukan kekuatan, sedangkan parameter kebenaran adalah keadilan dan keseimbangan, dengan memberdayakan pemanfaatan lingkungan secara holistik terpadu. Hal itu dikarenakan tujuan utama peradaban adalah keutamaan dan manfaat yang sebesar-besarnya bagi pengembangan dan kemajuan umat.

  17. KEBIJAKAN UMUM KETAHANAN PANGAN 2006 – 2009

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    Dewan Ketahanan Pangan

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available 800x600 Normal 0 false false false IN X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";} Ketahanan[1] pangan terwujud apabila secara umum telah terpenuhi dua aspek seka- ligus. Pertama adalah tersedianya pangan yang cukup dan merata untuk seluruh penduduk. Kedua, setiap penduduk mempunyai akses fisik dan ekonomi terhadap pangan untuk memenuhi kecukupan gizi guna menjalani kehidupan yang sehat dan produktif dari hari ke hari. Ketahanan pangan pada tingkat rumah tangga merupakan landasan bagi ketahanan pangan masyarakat, yang selanjutnya menjadi pilar bagi ketahanan pangan daerah dan nasional. Berdasarkan pemahaman tersebut maka salah satu prioritas utama pembangun- an ketahanan pangan adalah memberdayakan masyarakat agar mereka mampu menanggu- langi masalah pangannya secara mandiri serta mewujudkan ketahanan pangan rumahtangga- nya secara berkelanjutan. [1] Dikutip dari hlm. 59 – 71 dokumen Kebijakan   Umum Ketahanan Pangan 2006 – 2009.   Dewan Ketahanan Pangan, Jakarta, 2006

  18. PENGEBLUR DAUN INDIGO PENGHASIL PASTA PEWARNA ALAMI BAGI UKM PENGRAJIN BATIK DI KECAMATAN GUNUNG PATI SEMARANG

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    Sri Rahayuningsih

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Pewarna alami dari daun indigo yang berupa pasta sangat mudah dalam pemrosesannya, sangat menjanjikan apabila dijadikan suatu usaha karena pengusaha batik saat ini sudah tersebar diseluruh propinsi, sehingga kedepannya batik bisa menjadi komoditi eksport dengan pemanfaatan pewarna alamiah ini. Pewarna alami dari pasta daun indigo sangat ramah lingkungan, limbah yang dihasilkan bisa menyuburkan tanaman, selain itu pola penanaman yang sangat mudah. Pasta Indigo pada proses pembuatannya berbiaya rendah, sehingga sangat menguntungkan. Hal ini bisa mensejahterakan penduduk pedesaan dengan memanfaatkan sumberdaya pedesaan dengan budidaya tanaman indigo dengan pemanfaatan lahan-lahan kosong dimana masa petiknya adalah 3 bulan dan setelah 3 tahun tanaman diganti yang baru. Metode kegiatan yang dilaksanakan adalah pelatihan dan bimbingan implementasi IPTEK sederhana melalui pengenalan sistem produksi tepat guna. Hasil yang dicapai adalah mesin pengeblur dan mesin perajang daun khusus berbahan stenlis, sehingga umur ekonomisnya panjang, alat bisa diatur sedemikian rupa sehingga hasil pemotongan daun indigo dengan mesin perajang bisa terpotong sempurna karena kalau dilakukan perendaman bisa maksimal, demikian juga mesin pengeblur sangat efektif karena tidak melakukan secara manual pada proses pengebluran. Pasta Indigo diharapkan mampu meningkatkan peran industri mikro dalam pembangunan daerah, penciptaan lapangan kerja, peningkatan pendapatan bagi Pengrajin batik, maupun yang berkeinginan menekuni usaha penghasil pasta dengan menggandeng para pengrajin batik.

  19. RANCANG BANGUN APLIKASI KOMUNITAS DONOR DARAH BERBASIS WEB DAN ANDROID YANG DILENGKAPI LAYANAN INFORMASI GEOGRAFIS

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    Kadek Yogi Saputra

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Kebutuhan darah di PMI (Palang Merah Indonesia wilayah Denpasar terus meningkat. Kesulitan untuk mendapatkan pendonor darah guna mengganti darah pada PMI (Palang Merah Indonesia menyebabkan terbatasnya stok darah pada PMI (Palang Merah Indonesia. Aplikasi komunitas donor darah berbasis web dan Android digunakan untuk berbagi informasi yang bersangkutan dengan donor darah. Dalam Aplikasi ini memanfaatkan beberapa fitur yang dapat memudahkan pengguna untuk mencari informasi donor darah, seperti fitur layanan informasi geografis dengan memanfaatkan Google Maps API sebagai media peta dan fitur pemberitahuan pada aplikasi berbasis Android. Hasil dari pengujian Black-Box menunjukkan bahwa seluruh fungsi yang ditampilkan dalam sistem sudah berjalan dengan baik dan sesuai dengan tujuan yang diharapkan, untuk pengujian aplikasi menggunakan metode usability testing dengan penyebaran kuisioner kepada 20 responden mendapatkan hasil bahwa tampilan aplikasi sudah bagus dan mudah untuk digunakan. Hasil akhir dari aplikasi menunjukkan bahwa pengguna dapat mengetahui lokasi Rumah Sakit dan lokasi kegiatan donor darah. Selain itu pengguna juga dapat mengetahui adanya kebutuhan darah dan kegiatan donor darah dengan cepat melalui fitur pemberitahuan pada aplikasi berbasis android.

  20. PEMIKIRAN DAN PERGERAKAN PAN ISLAMISME DI INDONESIA PADA AWAL ABAD KE-20

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    Abdul Somad

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Tulisan ini mengambil topik tentang wacana pemikiran dan gerakan Pan Islamisme di Indonesia pada perempat pertama abad ke-20. Permasalahan yang muncul adalah bagaimana konsepsi Pan Islamisme menurut kaum muslim Indonesia dan bagaimana bentuk aksi-aksi Pan Islamisme yang pernah mereka lakukan, baik dalam negeri maupun di luar negeri.Metode yang dipakai dalam penulisan tulisan ini adalah metode sejarah. Metode ini meliputi empat tahapan, yaitu heuristik, kritik, interpretasi, dan historiografi.Pemikiran dan gerakan Pan Islamisme di Indonesia dilandasi oleh kesadaran kaum muslim untuk mewujudkan persatuan dan kesatuan umat Islam. Di dalam negeri, keinginan itu diupayakan dalam Kongres Al-Islam Hindia Timur. Dalam kongres ini berkumpul sejumlah organisasi massa Islam. Mereka melakukan dialog keagamaan guna mencari akar-akar persamaan di antara mereka, dan memahami perbedaan masing-masing dalam soal-soal agama yang bersifat cabang. Sementara itu, di luar negeri, kaum muslim Indonesia merasa perlu melibatkan diri dalam pergerakan khilafah dan persoalan tanah suci Makkah-Madinah yang dibicarakan pada tahun 1926 lewat Kongres Islam Sedunia yang di selenggarakan di Timur Tengah. Keterlibatan mereka dalam persoalan-persoalan Dunia Islam ini sebagai bagian dari usaha kaum muslim Indonesia untuk turut aktif dalam mempersatukan umat Islam sedunia.

  1. PEMBENTUKAN SEL-SEL MESIN UNTUK MENDAPATKAN PENGURANGAN JARAK DAN BIAYA MATERIAL HANDLING DENGAN METODE HEURISTIK DI PT. BENGKEL COKRO BERSAUDARA

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    Bambang Purwanggono

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Tata letak pabrik dapat didefinisikan sebagai tata cara pengaturan fasilitas-fasilitas pabrik dengan memanfaatkan luas seoptimal mungkin guna menunjang kelancaran proses produksi. Tata letak fasilitas pada PT. Cokro Bersaudara diatur berdasarkan process layout dimana segala jenis mesin / fasilitas produksi lainnya yang memiliki tipe atau jenis yang sama ditempatkan dalam satu tempat. Dengan layout seperti itu perusahaan memperoleh keuntungan berupa fleksibilitas dalam memproduksi produk yang memiliki tingkat variasi yang tinggi, namun sebagai akibatnya perusahaan menghadapi permasalahan berupa tingginya kebutuhan material handling. Cellular Manufacturing System adalah aplikasi dari Group Technology yang merupakan metode pengaturan fasilitas-fasilitas produksi yang dibutuhkan untuk memproses suatu part family tertentu kedalam sel manufaktur. Dengan menerapkan Cellular Manufacturing System dapat diketahui pengurangan jarak antar mesin dan biaya material handling. Berdasarkan pengolahan data menggunakan algoritma heuristik yaitu Bond Energy Algorithm (BEA, Rank Order Clustering (ROC, dan Rank Order Clustering 2 (ROC 2 disimpulkan bahwa metode terpilih adalah metode BEA, dengan mengelompokkan 6 mesin (M dan 6 komponen (P kedalam 2 sel manufaktur, dimana sel 1 (M4, M6, M1, M2, P2, P5, P6, P1 dan sel 2 (M4, M6, M1, M3, M5, P3, P4. Dengan perubahan layout ini didapatkan pengurangan total jarak material handling sebesar 428,06 meter dan pengurangan biaya material handling sebesar Rp. 2.111.316,058 / bulan Kata Kunci : Cellular Manufacturing System, Algoritma Heuristik, Gorup Technology

  2. Clinical efficacy of herbal Padmapatradi yoga in bronchial asthma (Tamaka Swasa

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    Ashok Kumar Panda

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Ayurveda refers to bronchial asthma as Tamaka Swasa and it is well explained in Charaka Samhita. It contributes several modalities of the treatment for Swasa roga( asthma. Among all modalities of treatment, polyherbal combinations are said to be well-accepted, safe and effective in asthma. A study was carried out in 40 patients of either sex in between the age of 15-65 years to assure the clinical response of Padmapatradi yoga in bronchial asthma (Tamaka Swasa at P.G. department of Kayachikitsa, D.G.M. Ayurvedic Medical College, Gadag, Karnataka. The sum total properties of Padmapatradi yoga is tikta katu rasa, laghu and tikna guna (light and penetrating properties, ushna virya (hot potency and vatakaphagna (decrease vata and kapha dosa Padmapatradi yoga is effective in increased peak expiratory flow rate, breath holding time, and reduces the absolute eosinophil count of studied cases and also found statistically highly significant at p<0.001 level. The drug is quite safe and acts as a bronchodilator, antihistaminic and anti-inflammatory.

  3. TINJAUAN KUALITAS PADA AEROSOL CAN Ø 65 X 124 DENGAN PENDEKATAN METODE SIX SIGMA PADA LINE ABM 3 DEPARTEMEN ASSEMBLY

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    Mohammad Kholil

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Perkembangan dunia industri akan selalu terdapat persaingan. Kepuasan konsumen menjadi faktor utama yang mampu menentukan kemenangan dalam persaingan di dunia industri. Kepuasan konsumen dapat diraih salah satunya dengan menjaga kualitas produk yang dihasilkan. Hal inilah yang mendasari untuk terus melakukan perbaikan kualitas. Penelitian ini difokuskan pada penurunan tingkat reject  yang terdapat pada proses produksi Aerosol Can Ø65 X 124 dengan metode Six Sigma. Metode Six Sigma ini disusun berdasarkan sebuah metodologi penyelesaian masalah yang sederhana-DMAIC, yaitu: Define (merumuskan, Measure (mengukur, Analyze (menganalisa, Improve (memperbaiki dan Control (mengendalikan, yang menggabungkan bermacam – macam  perangkat statistik serta pendekatan perbaikan proses yang lainnya.Berdasarkan hasil penelitian diperoleh DPMO sebesar 22.749,787 dengan nilai sigma 3,50. Dengan Weld Problem sebagai jumlah reject terbesar yaitu sebanyak  311.226 pcs atau 37,91% dari total reject keseluruhan. Dari analisa Fishbone Diagram dan FMEA didapat  penyebab dari Weld Problem, yaitu: Ukuran material tidak standar, jenis Material yang berbeda-beda, kemampuan Operator kurang, SOP tidak dijalankan, profil Roll Weld aus dan kondisi mesin tidak normal, untuk itu perlu dilakukan perbaikan guna mengurangi jumlah kerusakan produk.

  4. PERANCANGAN SCORE BOARD DAN TIMER MENGGUNAKAN LED RGB BERBASIS ARDUINO DENGAN KENDALI SMART PHONE ANDROID

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    Fina Supegina

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Smart Phone merupakan salah satu kecanggihan teknologi dibidang telekomunikasi yang didalamnya terdapat fitur-fitur yang dapat mempermudah pekerjaan manusia. Banyak sekali jenis smart phone  diantaranya adalah smart phone dengan OS Android. Smart phone Android merupakan smart phone yang mudah penggunaannya, baik untuk keperluan bisnis, pendidikan, hiburan dan lain-lain. Dengan media komunikasi, pertukaran informasi, pertukaran data dan sebagaginya akan terasa lebih mudah dan cepat. Kemajuan teknologi tersebut tentunya belum dapat memenuhi kebutuhan jasmani seseorang khususnya dalam bidang olahraga. Namun kehadirannya mampu mendorong kemudahan dalam bidang olahraga tersebut. Misalnya, penggunaan sistem penskoran dan timer yang menggunakan seven segment sehingga dapat digunakan pada kondisi indoor ataupun outdoor. Score board dan timer digunakan guna mempermudah juri atau wasit menentukan score dan waktu pertandingan pada beberapa cabang olahraga. Karena diketahui setiap cabang olahraga mempunyai peraturan yang berbeda prihal mengenai sistem penskoran dan waktu nya. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah menghasilkan suatu score board dan timer menggunakan LED RGB yang dapat dikontrol melalui smart phone android. Score board dan timer yang dibuat mampu digunakan dalam beberapa cabang olahraga seperti basket, badminton, footsal dan volley.

  5. KEWENANGAN BADAN LINGKUNGAN HIDUP DALAM PEMBERIAN SANKSI ADMINISTRATIF TERHADAP PELANGGARAN PENCEMARAN LINGKUNGAN

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    I Made ari Permadi

    2017-08-01

    Pembangunan ekonomi nasional sebagaimana diamanatkan oleh Undang-Undang Dasar Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 1945 diselenggarakan berdasarkan prinsip pembangunan berkelanjutan dan berwawasan lingkungan. Kegiatan pembangunan dengan berbagai aktivitas manusia mempunyai pengaruh langsung terhadap daya dukung lingkungan, sehingga terjadi pergeseran keseimbangan lingkungan dan pemanfaatan sumber daya alam yang tidak proporsional dan tidak efisien, kurangnya kesadaran perusahaan sebagai sektor swasta dalam program pengelolaan lingkungan hidup, menimbulkan permasalahan lingkungan hidup. Lingkungan merupakan bagian yang sangat penting dalam siklus kehidupan manusia. Lingkungan hidup yang baik dan sehat merupakan hak asasi manusia sesuai yang diatur dalam Undang-Undang Dasar Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 1945 (UUD 1945, dalam Pasal 28H ayat (1 UUD 1945 merumuskan setiap orang berhak hidup sejahtera lahir dan batin, bertempat tinggal, dan mendapatkan lingkungan hidup yang baik dan sehat serta berhak memperoleh pelayanan kesehatan. Semangat otonomi daerah dalam penyelenggaraan pemerintahan Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia telah membawa perubahan hubungan dan kewenangan antara Pemerintah dan pemerintah daerah, termasuk di bidang perlindungan dan pengelolaan lingkungan hidup. Bahwa kualitas lingkungan hidup yang semakin menurun telah mengancam kelangsungan perikehidupan manusia dan makhluk hidup lainnya sehingga perlu dilakukan perlindungan dan pengelolaan lingkungan hidup yang sungguh-sungguh dan konsisten oleh semua pemangku kepentingan. Pencemaran merupakan salah satu permasalahan yang timbul akibat perkembangan teknologi tersebut. Untuk menjaga kelestarian fungsi lingkungan hidup, sanksi administrasi dan sanksi pidana merupakan salah satu efek jera guna menjaga kelestarian fungsi lingkungan hidup.

  6. Contribuciones de las organizaciones del tercer sector a la inserción social y laboral de los jóvenes

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    Madeleine Richer

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available En la última década, se ha producido en Venezuela un incremento espectacular en el número de ONGs que ejecutan programas sociales con financiamiento público. En la literatura, existe una lectura optimista de este fenómeno, que se asocia al desarrollo de la sociedad civil y del capital so- cial. Otros autores son más críticos frente a la identificación que se hace entreONGy “lo público no estatal”. Este trabajo intenta, a partir de las definiciones que dan algunos autores de la especificidad de las organizaciones del tercer sector o de la economía social, caracterizar las contribuciones de al- gunas ONGs venezolanas en el campo de la formación e inserción laboral de los jóvenes desertores de la educación formal. Se presentan los resultados de una investigación realizada en el período 1999-2000, y que consistió en el estudio de cinco casos de ONGs de capacitación, ubicadas en las ciudades de Maracaibo y Mérida.

  7. PENGEMBANGAN EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE DALAM PEMBELAJARAN EKONOMI DI SMK UNTUK MEMPERSIAPKAN PESERTA DIDIK DALAM MENGHADAPI TANTANGAN KERJA DI ERA GLOBALISASI

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    Nina Oktarina

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Kemajuan suatu bangsa sangat ditentukan oleh kualitas sumber daya manusianya. Kualitas sumber daya manusia tergantung pada kualitas pendidikan. Peran pendidikan sangat penting untuk menciptakan masyarakat yang cerdas, terbuka dan demokratis. Tujuan dari Pendidikan Nasional adalah mencerdaskan kehidupan bangsa dan mengembangkan manusia Indonesia seutuhnya yaitu manusia yang beriman dan bertaqwa kepada kepada Tuhan Yang Maha Esa dan berbudi pekerti luhur, memiliki pengetahuan dan keterampilan, kesehatan jasmani dan rohani, kepribadian yang mantap dan mandiri serta memiliki rasa tanggungjawab kemasyarakatan dan kebangsaan. Dalam rangka membantu peserta didik guna mengikuti perkembangan iptek dan menjawab tantangan di masa depan, Kurikulum Berbasis Kompetensi (KBK telah dikeluarkan oleh Departemen Pendidikan Nasional sebagai upaya untuk meningkatkan kualitas pendidikan. Pelaksanaan KBK menuntut guru untuk lebih inovatif dalam proses pembelajaran siswa, pembelajaran tidak lagi berpusat pada guru akan tetapi berpusat pada siswa. Seperti halnya dalam pembelajaran ekonomi di SMK siswa tidak lagi menjadi pihak yang pasif menerima materi tetapi aktif dalam PBM. Sehingga siswa tidak hanya paham terhadap materi pelajaran akan tetapi juga dapat menghubungkannya dengan kondisi  yang ada di masyarakat. Untuk itu  pengembangan Emotional Intelligence (EI dalam pembelajaran ekonomi di SMK dapat dijadikan sebagai suatu alternatif dalam proses pembelajaran untuk mempersiapkan siswa dalam menghadapi tantangan kerja di masa depan. Pengembangan Emotional Intelligence diperlukan supaya siswa memiliki kecakapan hidup (life skill. Kata kunci : emotional intelligence, peserta didik, life skill

  8. PENGEMBANGAN EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE DALAM PEMBELAJARAN EKONOMI DI SMK UNTUK MEMPERSIAPKAN PESERTA DIDIK DALAM MENGHADAPI TANTANGAN KERJA DI ERA GLOBALISASI

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    Nina Oktarina

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Kemajuan suatu bangsa sangat ditentukan oleh kualitas sumber daya manusianya. Kualitas sumber daya manusia tergantung pada kualitas pendidikan. Peran pendidikan sangat penting untuk menciptakan masyarakat yang cerdas, terbuka dan demokratis. Tujuan dari Pendidikan Nasional adalah mencerdaskan kehidupan bangsa dan mengembangkan manusia Indonesia seutuhnya yaitu manusia yang beriman dan bertaqwa kepada kepada Tuhan Yang Maha Esa dan berbudi pekerti luhur, memiliki pengetahuan dan keterampilan, kesehatan jasmani dan rohani, kepribadian yang mantap dan mandiri serta memiliki rasa tanggungjawab kemasyarakatan dan kebangsaan. Dalam rangka membantu peserta didik guna mengikuti perkembangan iptek dan menjawab tantangan di masa depan, Kurikulum Berbasis Kompetensi (KBK telah dikeluarkan oleh Departemen Pendidikan Nasional sebagai upaya untuk meningkatkan kualitas pendidikan. Pelaksanaan KBK menuntut guru untuk lebih inovatif dalam proses pembelajaran siswa, pembelajaran tidak lagi berpusat pada guru akan tetapi berpusat pada siswa. Seperti halnya dalam pembelajaran ekonomi di SMK siswa tidak lagi menjadi pihak yang pasif menerima materi tetapi aktif dalam PBM. Sehingga siswa tidak hanya paham terhadap materi pelajaran akan tetapi juga dapat menghubungkannya dengan kondisi  yang ada di masyarakat. Untuk itu  pengembangan Emotional Intelligence (EI dalam pembelajaran ekonomi di SMK dapat dijadikan sebagai suatu alternatif dalam proses pembelajaran untuk mempersiapkan siswa dalam menghadapi tantangan kerja di masa depan. Pengembangan Emotional Intelligence diperlukan supaya siswa memiliki kecakapan hidup (life skill. Kata kunci : emotional intelligence, peserta didik, life skill

  9. Perancangan dan Implementasi Sistem Informasi Akuntansi Berbasis Android

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    Fariz Prabowo

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Toko Maestro Accessories Duri membutuhkan sebuah perangkat lunak yang dapat mencatat kegiatan toko serta menyajikan informasi keuangan yang dapat diakses hanya dengan menggunakan smartphone. Maka dari itu, penelitian ini dibuat untuk menyelesaikan masalah tersebut dengan membangun sebuah sistem informasi akuntansi (SIA berbasis Android. SIA ini dibangun menggunakan Android Studio sebagai integrated development environment (IDE, dan MySQL sebagai database. Pengujian menggunakan teknik user acceptance testing (UAT yang dilakukan oleh pemilik toko, dimana pada UAT tahap pertama menghasilkan persentase kepuasan sebesar 76,9% dengan indikator sebanyak 52 butir uji. Lalu, pada UAT tahap kedua diperoleh persentase kepuasan sebesar 98,1% dengan 15 butir uji, serta UAT tahap ketiga diperoleh persentase kepuasan sebesar 100% yang diperoleh dari 3 butir uji. Penelitian ini dianalisa menggunakan teknik wawancara yang dilakukan sebanyak dua kali. Wawancara pertama dilakukan dengan narasumber seorang staf pengajar program studi Akuntansi di Politeknik Caltex Riau guna memperoleh informasi mengenai kelayakan SIA Android bernama Maestro yang dibangun dari sudut pandang independen dan berkompetensi di bidang akuntansi. Selanjutnya, wawancara kedua dengan narasumber yaitu pemilik toko Maestro Accessories dengan tujuan untuk memperoleh informasi mengenai kinerja aplikasi Maestro dari sudut pandang klien

  10. Penerapan Algoritma A Star (A* pada Game Petualangan Labirin Berbasis Android

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    Wahyu Widodo

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Game memiliki arti dasar permainan, permainan dalam hal ini merujuk pada pengertian kelincahan intelektual. Di dalam penerapannya, sebuah Game tentu memerlukan sebuah AI (Artificial Intelligence, dan AI yang digunakan dalam pembangunan Game petualangan labirin ini adalah algoritma A* (A Star dengan euclidean distance. Algoritma ini merupakan algoritma pencarian untuk menemukan rute terpendek dengan cost paling minimum, algoritma A* mencari rute terpendek dengan menjumlahkan jarak sebenarnya dengan jarak perkiraan sehingga membuatnya optimum dan complete. Petualangan labirin merupakan Game yang menceritakan mengenai petualangan kelinci melewati sebuah labirin untuk mencari makanannya. Genre dari Game ini adalah adventure dan puzzle, dibangun dengan bahasa pemrograman java dengan tools Android Studio, AI yang digunakan adalah algoritma A* dengan euclidean distance yang digunakan pada bantuan untuk melakukan pencarian jalur guna menemukan makanan kelinci. Hasil uji dari Game Petualangan labirin ini adalah jika pemain dalam kesusahan menemukan jalur menuju makanan kelinci, maka pemain dapat menggunakan tombol bantuan yang akan dicarikan jalur terpendek oleh algoritma A* (A Star dengan euclidean distance untuk menuju lokasi tempat makanan kelinci berada.

  11. Pengujian Dan Analisa Anti Komputer Forensik Menggunakan Shred Tool

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    Budi Rahardjo

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Komputer forensik dan anti komputer forensik adalah dua bidang yang saling berlawanan. Komputer forensik dilakukan oleh ahli komputer forensik guna memperoleh data dan bukti akurat dari kasus cyber crime untuk penyelidikan, sedangkan anti komputer forensik dilakukan oleh attacker untuk menghilangkan jejak sekaligus menyulitkan ahli komputer forensik dalam melakukan tugasnya. Bagi attacker, pemilihan tool anti komputer forensik yang default di mesin target, dinilai lebih  efektif  dan  cepat  dibandingkan menginstalasi terlebih dahulu di  mesin korban. Untuk itu dipilihlah shred sebagai aplikasi anti komputer forensik pada mesin GNU/Linux. Jika anti forensik berhasil, ahli forensik akan sulit melakukan komputer forensik terhadap data yang menjadi barang bukti cyber crime. Paper ini memaparkan mengenai anti forensik yang dilakukan oleh attacker terhadap mesin remote GNU/Linux untuk kasus cyber crime di jaringan komputer. Anti forensik dilakukan menggunakan shred terhadap file syslog untuk menghapus jejak kejahatan sekaligus menyulitkan proses forensik oleh ahli komputer forensik. Pengujian dilakukan pada 3 buah komputer berbasis GNU/Linux pada intranet Lab Sinyal Sistem ITB. Masing - masing bertindak sebagai mesin target (server, mesin firewall, dan mesin attacker. Dilakukan proses anti komputer forensik dan komputer forensik di mesin server. Hasil pengujian dicatat dan dianalisa untuk kemudian ditarik kesimpulan.

  12. PENINGKATAN AKTIVITAS ANTIOKSIDAN SUPEROKSIDA DISMUTASE PADA TIKUS HIPERGLIKEMI DENGAN ASUPAN TEMPE KORO BENGUK (Mucuna pruriens L. (Increased Superoxide Dismutase Antioxidant Activity in Hyperglycemia Rat with Velvet Bean (Mucuna pruriens L.Tempe Diet

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    Christiana Retnaningsih

    2013-08-01

    Hiperglikemi menimbulkan stress oksidatif dan patogenesis komplikasi diabetes. Untuk menurunkan hiperglikemi perlu dipertimbangkan kombinasi antara pengobatan modern dengan terapi tardisional melalui pangan fungsional guna mengurangi kerusakan sel beta pankreas. Bahan pangan yang memiliki potensi fungsional tersebut adalah biji koro benguk (Mucuna pruriens L yang difermentasi menjadi bentuk tempe. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk membuktikan pengaruh asupan tempe koro benguk terhadap kadar glukosa darah dan status antioksidan serum pada tikus hiperglikemi. Penelitian ini menggunakan 50 ekor tikus jantan jenis Sprague Dawley umur 2-3 bulan. Tikus dibagi ke dalam 5 kelompok dengan cara random alokasi. Kelompok 1 kontrol negatif (C-, kelompok 2 kontrol positif (C+, kelompok 3 adalah X1-TK10%, kelompok 4 adalah X2-TK10%, kelompok 5 adalah X3-TK10%. Tikus kelompok C+, X1, X2, X3 diinduksi streptozotocin (STZ dengan dosis 40 mg/kg BB secara inta peritoneal. Penelitian dilakukan selama 30 hari. Data dianalisis dengan Paired T test, One way Anova dan dilanjutkan dengan Uji Wilayah Ganda Duncan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa STZ meningkatkan kadar glukosa darah dan menurunkan aktivitas antioksidan SOD serum. Hasil analisis in vivo pada tkus menunjukkan bahwa asupan tempe koro benguk menurunkan kadar glukosa darah dan meningkatkan aktivitas antioksidan SOD serum. Kata kunci: Tempe koro benguk, antioksidan, hiperglikemi

  13. PENERAPAN ALGORITMA C4.5 UNTUK PREDIKSI PENGGUNAAN JENIS KONTRASEPSI BERBASIS WEB

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    Rusda Wajhillah

    2017-09-01

    Keluarga Berencana (KB merupakan suatu program pemerintah yang dirancang untuk menyeimbangkan antara kebutuhan dan jumlah penduduk dengan menggunakan alat kontrasepsi. Kurangnya pengetahuan tentang kontrasepsi menyebabkan tidak sedikit akseptor lebih memilih menggunakan kontrasepsi berdasarkan coba-coba atau bahkan mengikuti saran dari orang lain yang kurang paham terhadap alat kontrasepsi. Oleh sebab itu, diperlukan adanya tindakan/penanganan khusus untuk mempermudah para akseptor dalam memilih kontrasepsi yang efektif dan sesuai dengan kondisi tubuhnya. Algoritma C4.5 yaitu metode pohon keputusan mengubah fakta yang sangat besar menjadi pohon keputusan yang merepresentasikan aturan. Aturan dapat dengan mudah dipahami dengan bahasa alami.Untuk itu, dalam penelitian ini akan dilakukan analisa data penggunaan jenis kontrasepsi menggunakan klasifikasi data mining yakni algoritma C4.5 dengan menggunakan beberapa parameter diantaranya usia, jumlah anak, tekanan darah dan riwayat penyakit yang akan diaplikasikan dalam bentuk web guna mempermudah para akseptor dalam mendapatkan nilai informasi yang lebih cepat dan fleksibel. Dari 130 jumlah kasus yang terdiri dari 104 kasus akseptor pengguna kontrasepsi hormonal dan 26 kasus pengguna kontrasepsi non hormonal yang didapat dari Posyandu Desa Nyangkowek Kecamatan Cicurug, maka didapatkan 14 rule yang dihasilkan dari pohon keputusan algoritma C4.5 dengan jumlah class non hormonal sebanyak 8 rule dan jumlah class hormonal sebanyak 6 rule serta dievaluasi dengan pengujian Cross Validation yangmenghasilkan tingkat akurasi sebesar 85,38%, sehingga dapat disimpulkan bahwa penelitian ini dapat membantu para akseptor KB dalam memilih jenis kontrasepsi yang efektif. Kata Kunci: Akseptor, Algoritma C4.5, Kontrasepsi, Sistem Pakar

  14. APLIKASI SISTEM INFORMASI PERTANAHAN BERDASARKAN JENIS-JENIS HAK ATAS TANAH DI KANTOR PERTANAHAN KOTA SURABAYA II (STUDI KASUS KELURAHAN GENTENG, KECAMATAN GENTENG, SURABAYA

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    Ery Abdul Baary

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Di Kantor Pertanahan Kota Surabaya II, sistem informasi pertanahan belum diterapkan, jadi untuk melaksanakan tugasnya hanya menggunakan sebatas peta digital, maka dari itu perlu adanya sistem informasi pertanahan yang terpadu dan mutakhir untuk mendukung dan mengoptimalkan pengelolaan sistem informasi pertanahan di Kota Surabaya II.Pada penelitian ini akan dilakukan pembuatan sistem informasi pertanahan berdasarkan jenis hak atas tanah dengan menggunakan peta digital Kelurahan Genteng, Kecamatan Genteng, Surabaya skala 1:1000, citra Quickbird 2010, database mengenai bidang tanah dan data hasil survey. Pengolahan data menggunakan software utama Autodesk Land Dekstop 2009, ArcGIS 9.3. Pembuatan program aplikasi menggunakan software Visual Basic 6.0 yang dilengkapi dengan software tambahan MapObject 2.2.Dari hasil pembuatan Sistem informasi pertanahan di Kelurahan Genteng, Program ini mampu mengidentifikasi informasi bidang tanah mengenai jenis hak atas tanah yang meliputi 224 bidang tanah yang terdiri dari 132 bidang tanah atas hak guna bangunan, 89 bidang tanah atas hak milik, dan 3 bidang tanah atas hak pakai, serta dilengkapi dengan buku panduan sehingga dapat digunakan untuk membantu dalam pengambilan kebijakan dalam rencana pelaksanaan program inventarisasi penguasaan, pemilikan, penggunaan, dan pemanfaatan tanah.

  15. PROSES OPERASIONALISASI KEBIJAKAN KESATUAN PENGELOLAAN HUTAN: PERSPEKTIF TEORI DIFUSI INOVASI

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    Julijanti Julijanti

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Dalam operasionalisasi KPH terdapat keraguan stakeholders terhadap legitimasi kebijakan KPH. Keraguan ini diperoleh dari interaksi stakeholders dalam operasionalisasi KPH. Hasil interaksi ini dapat mendukung atau menghambat adopsi kebijakan KPH. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis proses operasionalisasi KPH dan faktor-faktor yang memengaruhinya. Proses operasionalisasi dianalisis menggunakan analisis deskriptif kualitatif berdasarkan tahap implementasi dan konfirmasi. Interaksi stakeholders dianalisis dengan metode IDS yaitu interaksi antara discourse/narrative, actors/networks dan politics/interest. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kebijakan KPH belum sepenuhnya diakui oleh stakeholders sehingga berimplikasi terhadap operasionalisasi di lapangan. Faktor-faktor yang memengaruhi operasionalisasi kebijakan KPH adalah kejelasan dan ketercukupan kewenangan KPH, legitimasi kebijakan KPH dan hak kelolanya, dukungan stakeholders terkait legalitas (kebijakan daerah dan tindakan (aksi serta hambatan psikologis dan trust. Strategi indikatif untuk mengatasi hambatan operasionalisasi KPH adalah membangun dan memelihara kepercayaan stakeholders guna mendukung operasionalisasi KPH (komitmen pada tujuan bersama dalam membangun KPH, alokasi kegiatan tepat sasaran dan sesuai dengan kebutuhan adopter serta perencanaan partisipatif.

  16. PENGARUH ORIENTASI SERAT TERHADAP REDAMAN SUARA KOMPOSIT BERPENGUAT SERAT PINANG

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    Putri Pratiwi

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Komposit menjadi salah  satu material  teknik yang banyak diteliti  beberapa tahun  belakang ini karena memiliki sifat fisis, mekanik dan termal yang baik sehingga sangat banyak diaplikasikan di bidang industri. Selain itu,  komposit juga diketahui berpeluang untuk digunakan  sebagai  material  penyerap bunyi. Hal ini menjadikan komposit sebagai material yang berdaya-guna optimal baik dari segi fisis, mekanik, termal ataupun akustik. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh orientasi serat pada sifat akustik (serapan bunyi komposit serat pinang. Pada penelitian ini, serat pinang digunakan sebagai filler dari komposit bermatrik resin epoxy. Fraksi volume antara serat pinang dan resin epoxy adalah 60%:40 %. Sebelum dibuat menjadi papan komposit, orientasi serat divariasikan dengan orientasi 0°-0°, 0°-45°, 0°-90° dan  acak.  Pengukuran  koefisien  absorpsi suara dilakukan  dengan  menggunakan  Tabung Impedansi (Impedance Tube. Hasil penelitian menyatakan koefisien serapan bunyi optimum diperoleh pada orientasi  serat 0°-90° dengan  α = 0,98 pada frekuensi 1500 Hz. Hal ini menunjukkan  bahwa komposit serat pinang mampu menyerap bunyi dengan baik, sesuai dengan standar ISO 11654:1997.

  17. PERANCANGAN SISTEM INFORMASI SEBAGAI ALAT BANTU PENGAMBILAN KEPUTUSAN DALAM PENGONTROLAN PERSEDIAAN RETAIL ELEKTONIK

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    Sri Hartini

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Sebagian besar retail elektronik melakukan pengambilan keputusan dalam hal pengontrolan inventori berdasarkan intuisi tanpa dukungan database elektronik yang valid. Hal tersebut sering mengakibatkan terjadinya lost sales, karena tidak ada barang di gudang ketika ada permintaan.  Guna mengatasi permasalahan sistem inventori tersebut, peneliti mencoba mengembangkan Sistem Informasi Inventori yang dapat membantu perusahaan. Sistem informasi yang bersifat web-based membuat staff di masing-masing bagian dapat melihat tingkat stok yang akurat di tiap gudang. Manfaat yang dirasakan terutama bagi pemilik/owner yaitu mendapat perkiraan demand di masa mendatang melalui peramalan serta memperoleh usulan bagaimana mengontrol persediaan melalui tingkat safety stock, reorder point, quantity, dan frekuensi pesan yang disarankan. Kata kunci :  inventori,  peramalan, web-based, sistem informasi, retail elektronik   Abstract Most electronics retailers make decisions in terms of inventory control based on intuition without a valid electronic database support. This often resulted in lost sales, as no goods in the warehouse when there is demand. To overcome the problems of inventory system, researchers are trying to develop Inventory Information System that can help the company. Information systems that are web-based to make staff in each section can see accurate stock levels at each warehouse. Perceived benefits, especially for owners / owner that gets the estimated future demand through forecasting and obtaining suggestions how to control inventory through level safety stock, reorder point, quantity, and frequency of the message suggested. Keywords: inventory, forecasting, web-based, information systems, electronic retail

  18. Penerapan Metode Analytic Network Process (ANP Untuk Pendukung Keputusan Pemilihan Tema Tugas Akhir (Studi Kasus: Program Studi S1 Informatika ST3 Telkom

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    Dila Nurlaila

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Berdasarkan hasil dari survey yang dilakukan terhadap 30 mahasiswa Informatika yang akan mengambil mata kuliah tugas akhir, lebih dari 80% menjawab belum memiliki konsep Tugas Akhir, hal ini menjadi perhatian bahwa masih banyak dari mahasiswa yang belum mengetahui tema Tugas Akhir apa yang akan dambilnya nanti yang sesuai dengan minat dan kompetensinya. Dari hal tersebut akan dilakukan penelitian penerapan metode Analytic Network Process (ANP pada  Pendukung keputusan pemilihan tugas tema Tugas Akhir. ANP merupakan suatu metode dalam decision making yang mempertimbangkan hubungan antar kriteria. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji tingkat keberhasilan metode ANP dalam mengatasi masalah mahasiswa yang belum mengetahui konsep dari tugas akhir. Langkah pertama, ditentukan kriteria yang menjadi penentu dari pemilihan tema Tugas Akhir di prodi S1 Informatika. Kriteria ini akan dibuat model jaringan ANP menggunakan software super decision dan setiap kriteria akan dilakukan pairwised comparison (perbandingan berpasangan guna untuk mendapatkan pembobotan dari masing – masing kriteria dan sub kriteria. Yang menjadi expert judgement pada pengambil keputusan ini adalah ketua keahlian program studi ICM dan DESTI. Setelah melakukan pengujian dengan membandingkan pilihan secara manual dengan pilihan berdasarkan perhitungan ANP hasilnya sebesar 46,6% tema tugas akhir mahasiswa sesuai dan akurat, hilangnya 53,4% akurasi dikarenakan ketidak sesuaian jawaban mahasiswa saat menentukan nilai peminatan.

  19. MENINGKATKAN KAPASITAS LOADING MESIN PRESS 1000T PADA PROSES PRESS BRACKET SUPPORT AIR TANK DENGAN METODE PDCA DI PT. XYZ

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    Renty Anugerah Mahaji Puteri

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Agar proses produksi bisa berjalan dengan lancar, diperlukan improvement. Dalam pembahasan ini, improvement yang akan dilakukan terkait dengan proses pembentukan part bracket support air tank. Adapun metode yang digunakan pada penelitian ini adalah PDCA (Plan Do Check Action. Metode ini diangkat penulis sebagai metode yang paling cocok untuk diterapkan pada perusahaan yang bergerak di bidang otomotif seperti PT. XYZ ini. Yang menjadi titik fokus dari improvement yang akan dilakukan saat ini adalah dies untuk part bracket support air tank. Produk ini dianggap cocok untuk menjadi bahan improvement karena merupakan new project. Sehingga dapat melakukan improvement yang ekstrim sekalipun tanpa harus mengganggu produksi yang sedang berlangsung. Untuk itu penyesuaian atau rekayasa terhadap dies dari part tersebut akan dilaksanakan guna mencapai hasil atau target yang diinginkan.Adapun hasil yang diharapkan dari penelitian ini adalah tercukupinya kapasitas mesin untuk melakukan proses – proses yang harus dilakukan untuk pembuatan part bracket support air tank. Selain itu, kualitas dari produk yang dibuat juga menjadi item yang harus tetap dijaga. Karena kualitas dari produk yang dibuat akan menjaga kepercayaan customer terhadap PT. XYZ.

  20. Minority Right to Attend Religious Education in Indonesia

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    Raihani Raihani

    2015-06-01

    [Tahun 2003, pemerintah Indonesia mengeluarkan Undang-Undang Pendidikan yang pada pasal 12 menyatakan bahwa siswa mempunyai hak terhadap pelajaran agama di sekolah dengan guru yang mengajar sesuai dengan agamanya. Pasal ini mempunyai konsekuensi bahwa sekolah, baik swasta atau pun negeri, harus menyediakan kelas agama untuk setiap kelompok siswa untuk mendapatkan hak dasarnya guna melaksanakan agama dan ajarannya. Artikel ini menampilkan hasil penelitian dari empat sekolah dengan studi kasus pada persoalan kelas agama bagi kelompok minoritas. Istilah minoritas di sini merujuk pada kelompok agama yang sedikit jumlahnya atau kelompok kecil pada sekolah, bukan pada level nasional. Tulisan ini menegaskan bahwa minoritas pada konteks mikro atau makro sangat rentan terhadap perlakuan diskriminasi oleh kelompok mayoritas ketika hukum social tidak sepenuhnya dijalankan. Penemuan ini menegaskan bahwa hak keagamaan minoritas dalam tiga dari empat sekolah terganggu, terutama yang terkait dengan hak fasilitas belajar. Beberapa kelompok minoritas pada sekolah tersebut tak berdaya. Namun, satu kasus menunjukkan bahwa kondisi minoritas berbalik, justru  kelompok mayoritas yang menjadi subordinasi.

  1. Neutronic and Thermal-Hydraulic Safety Analysis for the Optimization of the Uranium Foil Target in the RSG-GAS Reactor

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    S. Pinem

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The G. A. Siwabessy Multipurpose Reactor (Reaktor Serba Guna G.A. Siwabessy, RSG-GAS has an average thermal neutron flux of 2×1014 neutron/(cm2 sec at the nominal power of 30 MW. With such a high thermal neutron flux, the reactor is suitable for the production of Mo-99 which is widely used as a medical diagnostic radioisotope. This paper describes a safety analysis to determine the optimum LEU foil target by using a coupled neutronic and thermal-hydraulic code, MTR-DYN. The code has been developed based on the three-dimensional multigroup neutron diffusion theory. The best estimated results can be achieved by using a coupled neutronic and thermal-hydraulic code. The calculation results show that the optimum LEU foil target is 54 g corresponding to the reactivity change of less than the limit value of 500 pcm. From the safety analysis for the case when the primary flow rate decreased by 15% from its nominal value, it was found that the peak temperatures of the coolant and cladding are 69.5°C and 127.9°C, respectively. It can be concluded that the optimum LEU foil target can be irradiated safely without exceeding the limit value.

  2. PENGARUH PEMBELAJARAN KOOPERATIF STAD TERHADAP RETENSI SISWA KELAS V SEKOLAH DASAR

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    Yudha Adrian

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The objective of study was to find out the effect of cooperative learning STAD on students’ retention of fifth grade in Social Studies in SDN Kelayan Barat 3 Banjarmasin. This study is quasi experiment using nonequivalent control group design. The subjek of study were 42 fifth grade students. Instrument was used multiple choices test in 20 items. T test independent using software IBM SPSS 21 was used to analysis data. Findings this study showed that cooperative learning STAD give effect to fifth grade students’ retention in Social Studies. Suggestion for teachers to impelement cooperative learning type STAD is by carefully planning the teaching and learning processes so that the teaching and learning processes will be more effective and efficient Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui pengaruh pembelajaran kooperatif STAD terhadap retensi siswa kelas V pada mata pelajaran IPS di SDN Kelayan Barat 3 Banjarmasin. Jenis penelitian ini yaitu kuasi eksperimen dengan desain nonequivalent control group design. Subjek penelitian berjumlah 42 orang siswa kelas V. Instrument yang digunakan yaitu tes pilihan ganda yang berjumlah 20 butir. Analisis data yang digunakan menggunakan uji T independent berbantuan IBM SPSS 21. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan adanya pengaruh pembelajaran kooperatif STAD terhadap retensi siswa kelas V pada mata pelajaran IPS. Saran bagi guru guna menerapkan pembelajaran kooperatif STAD yaitu dengan merencanakan proses pembelajaran secara matang agar penerapan pembelajaran dapat lebih maksimal dan efisien.

  3. THE ZAKAH RECIPIENTS SATISFACTORY AMONG LOW LEVEL INCOME SOCIETY IN YOGYAKARTA

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    Zein Muttaqin

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Since its emergence in the last decade, zakah has become a new hope for the low-level income society to improve their opportunity to break through the poverty line. However, the potential of zakah to eradicate the poverty is yet to be achieved, it happens due to three reasons, they are (1 the proportion of zakah fund that has been distributed into the economy sectors has not become a major program; (2 the regulation regarding zakat still hanging; (3 the consumptive behavior still become the driving factors in the society. This paper is attempted to measure mustahiqs’ satisfaction over zakah distribution, which is affecting they opportunities to improve their living standard. By presenting the data in form of field research and using regression found that the service quality mentoring is influencing the satisfaction of mustahiqs. =========================================== Perkembangan zakat dalam dekade terakhir ini menjadikannya sebagai sebuah harapan baru bagi masyarakat berpendapatan rendah untuk meningkatkan kesempatannya untuk keluar dari garis kemiskinan. Namun, potensi zakat dalam mengurangi kemiskinan masih belum dapat dicapai, hal ini terjadi karena tiga alasan, (1 proporsi dana zakat yang didistribusikan kepada sektor- sektor ekonomi bukanlah menjadi program utama; (2 Aturan yang berkaitan dengan zakat masih belum berjalan dengan baik; (3 Perilaku konsumtif masih menjadi faktor yang berpengaruh di dalam masyarakat. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengukur kepuasan mustahiq melalui distribusi zakat yang dapat mempengaruhi kesempatan guna meningkatkan standar hidup mereka. Dengan memaparkan data dalam bentuk riset lapangan dan menggunakan regresi maka ditemukan bahwa kualitas pelayanan, mentoring dapat mempengaruhi kepuasan mustahiq.

  4. Kajian Implementasi Standar Long-Term Evolution (LTE pada Sistem Komunikasi Taktis Militer

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    Aris Pradana

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Sistem komunikasi taktis memungkinkan banyak pengguna dengan mobilitas tinggi, memiliki kemampuan network recovery dan network entry yang baik, serta diperkuat dengan sistem keamanan transmisi yang tahan terhadap jamming. Di sisi lain kemajuan telekomunikasi mendorong dikembangkannya LTE (Long-Term Evolution. LTE meningkatkan kapasitas sistem, cakupan area, high peak data rates, didukung dengan sistem keamanan yang baik guna mewujudkan pelayanan komunikasi menjadi lebih baik. Pada penelitian ini dilakukan simulasi dan pengkajian penggunaan standar teknologi LTE agar mampu mendukung dan meningkatkan kualitas sistem komunikasi taktis militer. Simulasi dilakukan untuk menguji kemampuan LTE terhadap jamming. Dari hasil simulasi dan pengkajian didapatkan bahwa sistem uplink LTE, dengan penambahan convolutional coding dan interleaver 8×8, memiliki ketahanan terhadap jamming dengan amplitudo di bawah 2,5 V, serta lebih tahan terhadap multitone-jamming pada sub-carrier yang berbeda daripada multitone-jamming pada sub-carrier yang sama. Arsitektur LTE dengan dukungan teknik AMC, AAA server, dan fast cell selection mampu mendukung sistem super network, network entry, dan network recovery pada sistem komunikasi taktis.

  5. Analisis Redaman Hujan pada Frekuensi C-Band dan Ku-band untuk Komunikasi VSAT-TV pada Daerah Tropis

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    Ervin Nurdiansyah

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Penggunaan satelit untuk berbagai macam komunikasi semakin berkembang dewasa ini salah satunya yaitu teknologi VSAT untuk keperluan TV berbayar yang dinilai sangat strategis. Teknologi VSAT digunakan oleh perusahaan TV berbayar sebagai backbone dari jaringan yang mereka tawarkan kepada konsumen. Penggunaan VSAT sebagai alat komunikasi memiliki banyak sekali keuntungan antara lain kemudahan dalam hal instalasi, biaya yang murah dan kemudahan dalam pemeliharaan. Di samping semua keunggulan yang dimiliki oleh VSAT, teknologi VSAT yang menggunakan frekuensi C-Band dan Ku-Band ini memiliki beberapa kekurangan diantaranya yaitu masalah propagasi terutama propagasi yang disebabkan oleh redaman hujan. Dalam Studi ini penulis melakukan analisis redaman hujan menggunakan empat model prediksi redaman hujan yaitu model ITU-R P.618-5, model Global Crane, Model SAM, dan model ITU-R modifikasi untuk daerah tropis. Keempat model tersebut dibandingkan dengan pengukuran guna mengetahui model redaman hujan yang mendekati untuk wilayah Surabaya. Dalam studi ini untuk pengukuran pada kanal Ku-Band menggunakan satelit JCSAT 4B sedangkan untuk pengukuran kanal C-Band menggunakan satelit TELKOM-1 dengan menggunakan VSAT berukuran 0,6 m. Berdasarkan hasil analisis didapatkan model redaman hujan mendekati pengukuran untuk kanal C-band adalah model Global Crane dengan persen error sebesar 73,1 %. Sedangkan untuk kanal Ku-band adalah model ITU-R Modifikasi untuk daerah tropis dengan persen error sebesar 22,4 %.

  6. VARASI DAN SPECIES TUMBUHAN DI WILAYAH KONSERVASI (WILDLIFE CONSERVATION DAN UPAYA PELESTARIANNYA DI UNIVERSITAS LA TROBE, BUNDOORA DAN BENDIGO, MELBOURNE, AUSTRALIA

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    Achmad Munandar

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian deskriptif ini difokuskan pada tiga permasalahan hal yaitu pertama penelitian flora yang terdapat di kampus Universitas La Trobe dan di lingkungan SMU wilayah Bendigo, Melbourne Utara. Kedua jenis-jenis tumbuhan apa saja yang sudah dikembangkan/diteliti universitas tersebut untuk kepentingan industri dan bisnis. Ketiga mengobservasi upaya-upaya mereka dalam melestarikan flora asli Australia melalui pendidikan. Landasan teoritik yang berkaitan dengan masalah ini adalah hubungan antara klimatologi dengan flora yang terdapat di daerah sub tropis. Faktor-faktor klimatologi ini adalah: Suhu, kelembaban, cahaya dsb., yang berbeda dengan daerah tropis, demikian halnya dengan floranya. Hasil pengamatan (observasi di universitas ini menunjukkan bahwa implementasi oendidikan untuk memanfaatkan flora untuk industri dan oengelolaan lingkungan: oelestarian flora, fauna, konservasi air dan tanah sudah diwujudkan baik dalam teori maupun praktek. Metode penelitian dilakukan dengan metode dan pendekatan: tanya jawab, diskusi dan mengamati langsung flora yang terdapat di lingkungan universitas dan sekolah, serta pemanfaatannya. Kesimpulan: pertama, flora di daerah ini menunjukkan variasinya sedikit, namun jumlahnya besar (a.l. Eycalyptus sp.. Pemanfaatan flora yang terdapat di lingkungan kampus untuk keperluan industri dan farmasi, dilakukan melalui Riset dan Pengembangan (Research and Development secara teratur dan terus menerus. Hal yang sama pada pelestarian flora dengan malalui implementasi pendidikan. Rekomendasi: Variasi flora di suatu wilayah local, regional, nasional dan internasional seyogyanya dipelajari dengan baik dan dicari guna manfaatnya dalam meningkatkan kesejahteraan penduduk serta berupaya melestarikannya untuk generasi yang akan dating, yang dilakukan melalui pendidikan di sekolah dan universitas.

  7. Clinical efficacy of herbal Padmapatradi yoga in bronchial asthma (Tamaka Swasa).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panda, Ashok Kumar; Doddanagali, S R

    2011-04-01

    Ayurveda refers to bronchial asthma as Tamaka Swasa and it is well explained in Charaka Samhita. It contributes several modalities of the treatment for Swasa roga(asthma). Among all modalities of treatment, polyherbal combinations are said to be well-accepted, safe and effective in asthma. A study was carried out in 40 patients of either sex in between the age of 15-65 years to assure the clinical response of Padmapatradi yoga in bronchial asthma (Tamaka Swasa) at P.G. department of Kayachikitsa, D.G.M. Ayurvedic Medical College, Gadag, Karnataka. The sum total properties of Padmapatradi yoga is tikta katu rasa, laghu and tikna guna (light and penetrating properties), ushna virya (hot potency) and vatakaphagna (decrease vata and kapha dosa) Padmapatradi yoga is effective in increased peak expiratory flow rate, breath holding time, and reduces the absolute eosinophil count of studied cases and also found statistically highly significant at p<0.001 level. The drug is quite safe and acts as a bronchodilator, antihistaminic and anti-inflammatory.

  8. Audit Keamanan SIMAK Berdasarkan ISO 27002 (Studi Kasus: FE UNUD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yulius C. N. Bless

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Keamanan sistem informasi merupakan sebuah bagian vital yang menjadi perhatian khusus bagi setiap orang yang aktif menggunakan teknologi internet sebagai alat komunikasi dan informasi. Institusi pendidikan seperti universitas, yang menggunakan sistem informasi sebagai salah satu cara dalam manajemen informasi terkait administrasi pegawai dan mahasiswa, maupun informasi lainnya guna menunjang proses pengambilan keputusan. Sistem Informasi Manajemen Akademik (SIMAK di Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Udayana berfungsi untuk manajemen data akademik mahasiswa. Informasi yang diolah dalam SIMAK haruslah memenuhi CIA (Confidentiality, Integrity, dan Availability. Audit dilakukan agar dapat diketahui tingkat kematangan sistem informasi saat ini. Standar dalam proses audit SIMAK menggunakan ISO/IEC 27002:2005 dan COBIT 4.1 untuk proses pemetaan dan penyusunan rekomendasi. Tingkat kematangan SIMAK saat ini adalah 3 atau Well Defined. Secara umum, tingkat kematangan ini dimaksudkan bahwa sudah terdapat prosedur yang standar dan telah didefinisikan secara baik, namun pelaksanaannya masih belum dilakukan secara rutin dan terstruktur.   Kata kunci: audit, COBIT 4.1, ISO/IEC 27002:2005, tingkat kematangan.

  9. Tingkat Kematangan Infrastruktur Teknologi Informasi pada Domain Acquire and Implement Menggunakan COBIT 4.1 (Studi Kasus: UPT Perpustakaan Universitas Pembangunan Nasional “VETERAN” Jawa Timur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ronggo Alit

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Berdasarkan hasil wawancara UPT Perpustakaan kekurangan perangkat komputer dan masih menggunakan server milik UPT Telematika serta kecepatan akses wifi akan lambat jika banyak yang menggunakan sehingga perlu dilakukan penelitian ini yang bertujuan untuk mengetahui tingkat kematangan dan menghasilkan rekomendasi guna meningkatkan pengelolaan infrastruktur teknologi informasi. Penelitian dilakukan menggunakan COBIT Framework 4.1 tahap penelitian diawali dengan analisa data wawancara kemudian diidentifikasi IT goals, IT process, serta Control Objectives. Perhitungan maturity level untuk mengetahui gap antara kondisi sekarang dengan kondisi yang diharapkan dan rekomendasi digunakan untuk mengatasi gap tersebut. Dari hasil penelitian yang dilakukan diperoleh 4 IT Goals, 10 IT Processes dan 17 detailed control objectives. Karena pemilihan subdomain disesuaikan dengan masalah dan kebutuhan maka subdomain yang digunakan adalah PO3, PO7, AI3 dan AI5. Ditemukan gap sebesar 1.5 dan maturity level sebesar 2.5 sehingga berada pada level 3 artinya perpustakaan telah memiliki mekanisme dan prosedur yang jelas mengenai tata cara dan manajemen teknologi informasi.

  10. PENCITRAAN AMERICAN NIGHTMARE MELALUI PENGGUNAAN ARCHETYPEDAN LOOSE SENTENCE STRUCTUREDALAM “THE GREAT GATSBY” KARYA F. SCOTT. FIZGERALD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tintin Susilowati

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini adalah penelitian stilistika yang mengkaji tentang penggunaan archetype dan loose sentence structure dalam membangun kesan mental pembaca tentang American Nightmare. Melalui penelitian ini, peneliti peneliti menggali pola-pola penggunaan archetype, loose sentence structure, serta konsep mental pembaca dalam memahami bacaan.Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui efektifitas gaya penulisan Fizgerald dengan menggunakan ornamen berupa archetype, loose sentence structure guna membangun kesan mental pembaca tentang America Nightmare. Pendekatan penelitian ini adalah deskriptive kualitatif sedangkan desainnya adalah library research. Data yang digunakan adalah data primer berupa kutipankutipan yang dicari dari novel, selain itu juga data sekunder berupa referensireferensi pendukung. Peneliti juga menggunakan coding dalam proses koleksi data. Teknik ini digunakan untuk membantu peneliti dalam mengklasifikasikan data. Lebih lanjut, penelitian ini merupakan penelitian dokumentasi maka dalam analisis peneliti menggunakan pendekatan content analysis selain itu interactive analysis juga digunakan peneliti dalam tahap analisis data. Dalam penelitian ini diperoleh data sebagai berikut, 1.ditemukan data tentang penggunaan archetype sejumlah 851 data/ 70.79%; 2. ditemukan data tentang penggunaan loose sentence structure sejumlah 351 data/ 29.20 %; 3. ditemukan data tentang penggunaan archetype dan loose sentence structure secara bersamaan sejumlah 1202 data/ 100%. Sedangkan kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah:penggunaan kedua ornamen khususnya berupa archetype didukung juga oleh penggunaan loose sentence structure membuat kontek dari sebuah teks mudah dipahami, Kedua ornamen tersebut meminimalis kesulitan pembaca dalam berinteraksi dengan teks.

  11. Bienestar social y áreas naturales protegidas. Un caso de estudio en la costa de Oaxaca, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edgar Robles Zavala

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo analiza las características de po - breza y bienestar social de los beneficiarios de programas sociales. Esto es en tres comu - nidades asentadas en el parque nacional La - gunas de Chacahua, en la costa de Oaxaca. La colecta de datos se realizó en dos tempo - radas diferentes: una corresponde al progra - ma Progresa (1999, la otra a Oportunida - des (2007. Se utilizó el enfoque de Medios de Vida Sustentables para analizar la diná - mica de activos y estrategias de diversifica - ción de los hogares en las tres comunidades. Se concluye que el nivel de bienestar de las tres comunidades no ha tenido un cambio significativo entre ambos periodos de estu - dio; sin embargo, la sobrevivencia de los ho - gares se ha basado en la explotación indiscri - minada de los recursos naturales dentro del parque, ello ante la ausencia de un marco normativo que impida tal problema.

  12. PENGEMBANGAN KETERAMPILAN GERAK DASAR MOTORIK KASAR MELALUI PEMBELAJARAN SENI TARI KIPAS PADA ANAK TUNARUNGU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dudi Gunawan

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Pembelajaran seni tari merupakan pembelajaran yang dapat membantu anak dalam mencapai perkembangan potensi anak seperti : pembentukan fisik, emosional, sosialisasi, perubahan tingkah laku, dan daya fikir, sehingga diharapkan anak mampu berfikir kreatif, dengan kata lain belajar aktif untuk beraktivitas dalam kehidupan seharihari. Penerapan pembelajaran seni tari pada anak tunarungu memerlukan suatu pendekatan yang dilakukan oleh pendidik, guna mengembangkan kreativitas gerak anak tunarungu, dalam penelitian ini mengembangkan gerak dasar motorik kasar anak tunarungu. Untuk mengembangkan gerak dasar motorik kasar anak tunarungu dibutuhkan pembelajaran yang menyenangkan, salah satunya melalui pembelajaran seni tari kipas, karena pembelajaran seni tari kipas ini mengarahkan anak untuk aktif bergerak. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode Single Subjek Reserch (SSR dengan desain A-B-A yang mana pada baseline-1 (A-1 dilakukan empat sesi, pada intervensi (B delapan sesi, sedangkan pada baseline-2 (A-2 dilakukan empat sesi. Dari hasil penelitian yang telah dilakukan, pada baseline-1, nilai presentase subjek berinisial RPS 37%. Setelah diberikan intervensi pada baseline-2 mengalami peningkatan yaitu 73%. Dengan demikian dapat disimpulkan bahwa pembelajaran seni tari kipas dapat dijadikan salah satu cara untuk mengembangkan gerak dasar motorik kasar anak tunarungu.

  13. Urgensi Pendidikan Islam Dalam Pemberdayaan Sosial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhsinah Ibrahim

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Many sharp criticism leveled various parties on output Islamic education has not shown success in the midst of society. Therefore, Islamic Education is not only the responsibility of educational institutions, but also the responsibility of the Muslim community, it becomes a necessity of society must take part in the promotion of Islamic Education itself. One of them with the empowering potential of appropriate community. Because learners it comes and comes down to the people, then the direction of curriculum policy must be people-oriented In the first place all educational activities must be clearly and unequivocally to the educational purposes. Because in essence it was not for school learning (non scholae but learning is for life (sed vitae discimus, so education will become more meaningful. Abstrak Banyak kritikan cukup tajam yang dilontarkan berbagai pihak tentang out put Pendidikan Islam yang belum menunjukkan keberhasilannya di tengah-tengah masyarakat. Oleh karena Pendidikan Islam bukan hanya tanggungjawab institusi pendidikan saja, akan tetapi tanggungjawab komunitas muslim, maka menjadi suatu keharusan masyarakat harus ikut andil dalam usaha memajukan Pendidikan Islam itu sendiri. Salah satunya dengan memberdayakan potensi masyarakat tepat guna. Karena peserta didik itu datang dan bermuara pada masyarakat, maka arah kebijakan kurikulumpun harus berorientasi pada masyarakat Pada tempat pertama semua kegiatan pendidikan harus diarahkan dengan jelas dan tegas kepada tujuan pendidikan. Sebab pada hakekatnya belajar itu bukan untuk sekolah (non scholae tetapi belajar adalah untuk hidup (sed vitae discimus, dengan demikian pendidikan akan menjadi lebih bermakna Kata kunci: Pemberdayaan, masyarakat, pendidikan Islam, dan orientasi.

  14. Perancangan Indoor Localization Menggunakan Bluetooth Untuk Pelacakan Posisi Benda di Dalam Ruangan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anggeriko Aryasena

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Dewasa ini teknologi untuk melacak posisi telah banyak digunakan. Teknologi tersebut menggunakan GPS milik Pemerintah Negara Amerika Serikat. GPS tersebut dapat digunakan untuk mencari posisi sekarang, alamat tempat atau arah ke suatu tempat. Akan tetapi GPS memiliki kekurangan yaitu akurasi yang rendah ketika digunakan di dalam ruangan. Oleh karena itu, teknologi untuk melacak posisi di dalam ruangan mulai dikembangkan dengan konsep indoor localization. Sistem indoor localization ini dibangun dalam media perangkat bergerak menggunakan kekuatan sinyal Bluetooth untuk memprediksi posisi pengguna dan smartphone yang kemudian data tersebut akan disimpan dalam basis data guna menunjang fungsionalitas lainnya. Kekuataan sinyal tersebut diolah menggunakan metode Trilateration. Metode tersebut memiliki 2 komponen penting dalam memprediksi posisi yaitu jarak dan posisi pemancar Bluetooth. Jarak dapat dihitung dengan mengambil rata-rata nilai kekuatan sinyal Bluetooth yang didapat. Pengujian sistem ini dilakukan di Laboratorium Algoritma dan Pemrograman, Teknik Informatika ITS.Hasil pengujian sistem ini terdiri dari dua pengujian yaitu fungsionalitas dan akurasi. Pengujian fungsionalitas menghasilkan hasil berhasil di semua fungsionalitas yang dibangun. Sedangkan pengujian akurasi menghasilkan akurasi yang cukup rendah yaitu 2,44 meter.

  15. VARIASI STRUKTUR DAN KOMPOSISI POHON PADA PETAK-PETAK CUPLIKAN VEGETASI DI KAWASAN GUNUNG SEKINCAU BUKIT BARISAN SELATAN, LAMPUNG BARAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saniyatun Mar’atus Solihah

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Salah satu lokasi di Taman Nasional Bukit Barisan Selatan (TNBBS yang belum banyak diteliti adalah di kawasan Gunung Sekincau pada ketinggian 1100–1719 m dpl. Kawasan ini termasuk dalam kategori hutan hujan pegunungan bawah. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan tujuan untuk mengetahui variasi struktur dan komposisi pohon di kawasan hutan Gunung Sekincau TNBBS. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui penarikan petak-petak cuplikan yang dibuat secara acak terpilih (purposive random sampling pada 5 lokasi sebanyak 10 petak cuplikan berukuran 50 x 50 m2 atau seluas 0,25 ha. Hasil penelitian menemukan 32 suku 59 marga dan 89 jenis dengan kerapatan 253 ind/ha. Kawasan Gunung Sekincau memiliki kondisi yang cukup baik, hal ini diindikasikan dengan nilai rata-rata indeks keanekaragaman jenis (2,67 dan indeks kemerataan jenis (0,47. Pohon yang sering ditemukan di kawasan ini adalah anggota suku Lauraceae, Fagaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Dipterocarpaceae, Myrtaceae, dan Rubiaceae. Quercus blumeana Korth. (kayu pasang merupakan jenis penting (INP=27.18% dan memiliki persebaran luas pada kawasan Sekincau. Hutan di kawasan ini mempunyai peranan yang penting bagi penyangga kehidupan dan lingkungan. Maka dari itu, pengelola TNBBS dapat meningkatkan penjagaan dan pemeliharaan kawasan serta vegetasi di dalamnya. Terlebih kawasan Sekincau berbatasan langsung dengan pemukiman penduduk, sehingga diperlukan pengelolaan secara berkelenajutan guna memenuhi kebutuhan masyarakat sekitar.

  16. OPTIMALISASI PEMETAAN FASE PERTUMBUHAN PADI BERDASARKAN ANALISA POLA REFLEKTAN DENGAN DATA HIPERSPEKTRAL STUDI KASUS : KABUPATEN KARAWANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rauf Syafriyyin

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Kebutuhan akan beras sebagai sumber makanan pokok yang dikonsumsi oleh lebih dari 90% masyarakat Indonesia menjadikan padi sebagai komoditas strategis yang berperan penting dalam ketahanan pangan nasional. Untuk memenuhi kebutuhan tersebut diperlukan teknologi yang tepat guna dalam memetakan fase pertumbuhan padi sebagai alat untuk memonitor dan mengevaluasi pertumbuhan padi. Teknologi hiperspektral yang memiliki ratusan kanal mampu menyajikan spektral yang kontinu pada setiap objek yang diamati sehingga melalui data hiperspektral perbedaan fase pertumbuhan dapat lebih mudah diamati melalui analisis pola dan karakteristik nilai reflektan spektral yang kemudian diklasifikasikan kedalam fase pertumbuhan padi. Pemetaan fase pertumbuhan padi dilakukan pada citra HyMap dengan metode klasifikasi Spectral Angle Mapper (SAM dan Support Vector Machine (SVM yang merupakan metode klasifikasi terbimbing (supervised yang digunakan untuk mengenali pola nilai spektral dari suatu objek berdasarkan informasi dari piksel citra. Dari hasil pemetaan fase pertumbuhan padi yang dibagi menjadi 9 kelas mewakili setiap stage tumbuh padi yaitu (Seedling, Tillering, Stem Elongation, Penicle Initation to booting, Heading, Flowering, Milk Grain, Dough Grain, dan Mature Grain diperoleh ketelitian  SAM sebesar 82,609 % dan SVM sebesar 54,348 %  . Hal ini menunjukkan pemetaan fase pertumbuhan padi dengan metode analisis pola reflektan spektral dengan metode SAM memiliki hasil yang lebih akurat dan signifikan daripada metode SVM.

  17. Feminisme sebagai Diskursus Pandangan Hidup

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdullah Muslich Rizal Maulana

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Dalam perspektif Barat Postmodern, wacana-wacana yang menjadi produk pemikiran senantiasa bernuansakan relativism, equality, nihilism, dan reconstruction. Produk-produk pemikiran ini, tidak bisa dilepaskan dari pandangan hidup Barat yang profan, terbentuk selama sekian ratus tahun pengalaman teologis, sosiologis, dan historis Barat. Pandangan hidup inilah yang hari ini –era Barat Postmodern- menjadi pijakan Barat untuk memberikan tanggapan-tanggapan atas fenomena yang ada di Barat, termasuk feminisme dan gender. Islam, sebagai sebuah Agama dan Ideologi secara konseptual tentunya juga telah membentuk konsep pandangan hidup yang diproyeksikan oleh nash berupa al-Qur’an dan al-Hadis. Kedua sumber primer dalam Islam inilah yang diderivasi daripadanya konsep-konsep tentang Tuhan, Alam, Ilmu, Akal, Jiwa, dan lain sebagainya sebagai spektrum yang mengatur sudut pandang Umat Islam dalam melakukan segala hal. Kaitannya di sini, Pandangan hidup Islam diperlukan guna mengamati, menganalisa, hingga tahap mengkritisi wacana feminisme dan gender yang merupakan produk pandangan hidup Barat. Pandangan hidup Islam dituntut untuk memberikan pandangan-pandangan dan tanggapan yang proporsional terhadap produk Pandangan Hidup Barat yang memiliki perbedaan secara konseptual dengan pandangan hidup Islam.

  18. Analisa Karakteristik Teori Antrian pada Jaringan IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS Menggunakan OPNET Modeler 14.5

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eko Fajar Cahyadi

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Perkembangan teknologi telekomunikasi yang semakin pesat, membuat para operator dan vendor telekomunikasi harus dapat menyediakan layanan telekomunikasi yang aman, cepat, dan multi guna, untuk mendorong terciptanya ekosistem layanan telekomunikasi yang beragam bagi para penggunanya. Next Generation Network (NGN merupakan sebuah teknologi masa depan yang mendukung beberapa layanan terintegrasi seperti voice, data, dan multimedia. Hal utama dari konsep NGN adalah konvergensi dan layanan yang berbasis IP sehingga diperlukan sebuah teknologi yang dikenal dengan IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS. Agar pengiriman data dalam layanan IMS menjadi lebih efektif dan efisien maka diperlukan sebuah teori antrian yang tepat untuk digunakan sebagai pengatur aliran paket data. Penelitian ini melakukan pengamatan terhadap beberapa layanan pada jaringan IMS dengan menggunakan tiga teori antrian yang berbeda yaitu First In First Out (FIFO, Priority Queuing (PQ, dan Weighted-Fair Queuing (WFQ. Pengamatan dilakukan terhadap layanan Video Conference dan VoIP. Dari hasil simulasi dapat diketahui bahwa teori antrian WFQ pada layanan video conference menghasilkan rata-rata delay sebesar 9.22 ms , delay variation sebesar 0.036 ms dan packet loss sebesar 0.88%. Sedangkan untuk layanan VoIP menghasilkan rata-rata delay sebesar 144 ms, delay variation sebesar 0.021 ms, dan packet loss sebesar 0.05% serta menghasilkan rata-rata throughput sebesar 7.052 Mbps, sehingga teori antrian yang tepat digunakan dalam jaringan IMS dalam penelitian ini adalah WFQ.

  19. PENGARUH KONSENTRASI HCl SEBAGAI PELARUT PADA EKSTRAKSI PEKTIN DARI LABU SIAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rinska Erwinda

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Labu siam (Sechium edule Sw merupakan salah satu jenis buah yang masih sangat terbatas penggunannya. Labu siam biasanya hanya dikonsumsi sebagai sayuran biasa seperti sayur labu dan sebagai lalapan. Untuk itu perlu dicari alternatif lain yang dapat lebih meningkatkan daya guna labu siam. Salah satu usaha yang dapat dilakukan adalah dengan mengekstrak pektinnya, karena pektin dapat digunakan secara luas pada berbagai industri. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mencari pengaruh konsentrasi pelarut terhadap rendemen pektin yang didapat dari buah labu siam. Pada penelitian ini, pengambilan pektin labu siam dilakukan dengan metode ekstraksi pelarut. Bahan baku sumber pektin adalah kulit dan daging buah labu siam. Variabel yang digunakan adalah perbandingan konsentrasi pelarut dengan berat kering buah labu siam konstan sebanyak 25 gram. Sebagai zat pengasam digunakan larutan HCl dengan konsentrasi 0,05; 0,1; 0,15; 0,2; 0,25 N. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa rendemen pektin terbaik sebanyak  9,61% pada kondisi operasi ekstraksi sebagai berikut : konsentrasi pelarut 0,2 N, temperatur 90 oC dan waktu ekstraksi 120 menit.   Kata kunci :Pektin, Ekstraksi, Labu Siam, Pelarut, Asam Klorida

  20. Demokrasi dan Kekuasaan Politik Calon Incumbent

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andre Ristian

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Demokrasi yang selama ini diidam-idamkan banyak rakyat untuk mencapai satu kesejahteraan, ternyata tidak lebih dari sekedar “mainan”  yang dipermain oleh elit politik. Ungkapan “sinis” di atas akan diruaikan dalam tulisan ini guna melihat gambaran kekuatan politik yang berkuasa di arena demokrasi lokal di era reformasi. Penelitian ini penting untuk dibahas secara ilmiah karena besarnya harapan masyarakat untuk perbaikan politik (khusus untuk lokal terutama setelah penerapan pasca reformasi otonomi daerah. Faktanya adalah demokrasi yang berjalan di tingkat lokal gagal untuk mensejahterakan dan membalikkan keadaan seperti yang diharapkan. Keuntungan dari posisi incumbent untuk menggunakan sumber daya kewarganegaraan pada frame birokrasi dan pelayanan publik kamuflase tercakup dalam "APBD" menimbulkan dampak negatif pada demokrasi. Adapun pertanyaan substansial dalam peneilitian ini adalah bagaimana relasi demokrasi dengan kekuatan pasangan incumbent, kekuatan incumbent serta actor yang bermain dalam pemilukada Bangka-Belitung tahun 2013. Adapun metode yang digunakan adalah metode penelitian kualitatif khsusnya studi pustaka.  Hasil EkoTrus sebagai incumbent memainkan semua peran dan sumberdaya untuk memenangkan pertarungan di Pemilukada Bangka Belitung tahun 2013.

  1. PENGELOLAAN SUMBER DAYA AIR MINUM DALAM KEMASAN (AMDK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laelatul Istiqomah

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Air adalah sumber daya alam yang vital bagi kehidupan yang merupakan kepemilikan umum. Akhir-akhir ini air menjadi lahan bisnis yang menjanjikan diantaranya adalah produk air minum dalam kemasan (AMDK yang dikelola swasta. Pengelolaan air yang dikuasai oleh swasta akan menimbulkan masalah karena swasta semata-mata berorientasi profit. Perlunya intervensi pemerintah dalam pengelolaan sumberdaya air mengingat air adalah kebutuhan hajat orang banyak. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menganalisis pengelolaan AMDK yang dikuasai swasta, pendekatan penelitian dengan metode kualitatif dengan pendekatan studi pustaka. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan perlunya intervensi pemerintah dalam pengelolaan AMDK, dan merekomendasikan BUMDes sebagai media pengelola guna kesejahteraan umat.   Water is a natural resource that is vital to the life which is public ownership. Recently, water becomes promising business area including a produc to bottle water (AMDK are privately managed. Water management is controlled by the private sector because the private sector will lead to problems because of their solely profit-oriented. The need for government intervention in the management of water resources given of water as livelihood needs of people. The purpose of this study was to analyze the management of drinking water that is controlled by the private sector using qualitative method. The results showed the need for government intervention in the management of drinking water, and recommends BUMDes as media to manage water for the welfare of the people.

  2. Penggunaan Web Crawler Untuk Menghimpun Tweets dengan Metode Pre-Processing Text Mining

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    Bayu Rima Aditya

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Saat ini jumlah data di media sosial sudah terbilang sangat besar, namun jumlah data tersebut masih belum banyak dimanfaatkan atau diolah untuk menjadi sesuatu yang bernilai guna, salah satunya adalah tweets pada media sosial twitter. Paper ini menguraikan hasil penggunaan engine web crawel menggunakan metode pre-processing text mining. Penggunaan engine web crawel itu sendiri bertujuan untuk menghimpun tweets melalui API twitter sebagai data teks tidak terstruktur yang kemudian direpresentasikan kembali kedalam bentuk web. Sedangkan penggunaan metode pre-processing bertujuan untuk menyaring tweets melalui tiga tahap, yaitu cleansing, case folding, dan parsing. Aplikasi yang dirancang pada penelitian ini menggunakan metode pengembangan perangkat lunak yaitu model waterfall dan diimplementasikan dengan bahasa pemrograman PHP. Sedangkan untuk pengujiannya menggunakan black box testing untuk memeriksa apakah hasil perancangan sudah dapat berjalan sesuai dengan harapan atau belum. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah berupa aplikasi yang dapat mengubah tweets yang telah dihimpun menjadi data yang siap diolah lebih lanjut sesuai dengan kebutuhan user berdasarkan kata kunci dan tanggal pencarian. Hal ini dilakukan karena dari beberapa penelitian terkait terlihat bahwa data pada media sosial khususnya twitter saat ini menjadi tujuan perusahaan atau instansi untuk memahami opini masyarakat

  3. Analisis Tata Kelola Teknologi Informasi Menggunakan Kerangka Kerja COBIT 4.1 pada Fakultas Teknik Undip

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    Arini Arumana

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Peran teknologi informasi dalam suatu instansi sudah tidak dapat dielakkan lagi, mengingat perkembangannya yang begitu pesat seiring berjalannya waktu. Namun masalah yang sering terjadi di instansi adalah penggunaan teknologi informasi yang kadang tidak sesuai dengan harapan. Oleh karena itu diperlukan tata kelola terhadap penggunaan teknologi informasi yang biasa disebut dengan IT Governance. Fakultas teknik UNDIP adalah salah satu fakultas yang dalam operasionalnya sangat mengandalkan teknologi informasi, baik dalam aktifitas belajar mengajar maupun dalam menjalankan operasional bisnis. Kondisi sekarang di Fakultas Teknik sendiri tidak terdapat suatu indikator yang dapat menyatakan bahwa kinerja TI yang berjalan telah sesuai dengan visi dan misi Fakultas Teknik, oleh karena itu perlu dilakukan analisis tata kelola teknologi informasi, guna mengetahui performa TI sekarang sesuai dengan yang diharapkan oleh managemen atau tidak. Hasil dari analisis ini berupa tingkat kematangan tata kelola TI yang mecerminkan kondisi tata kelola TI di Fakultas Teknik dengan mengacu pada maturity level yang disediakan kerangka kerja COBIT 4.1, yakni dari level 0 (non-existent sampai 5 (optimized. Berdasarkan analisis yang dilakukan, secara garis besar kondisi kematangan tata kelola TI Fakultas Teknik berada pada level 2 yakni repeatable but intuitive. Kondisi ini mengacu pada beberapa kelemahan dalam proses-proses TI yang berjalan, diantaranya penetapan dan dokumentasi tindakan, kebijakan dan prosedur yang minim, serta tidak tersedianya service level yang disetujui bersama.

  4. EVALUASI KINERJA TEKNOLOGI INFORMASI DANA PENSIUN SEKOLAH KRISTEN SALATIGA MENGGUNAKAN FRAMEWORK COBIT 5

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    Yosafanto Adi

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Sistem Keuangan merupakan infrastruktur teknologi informasi yang ada di Dana Pensiun Sekolah Kristen Salatiga. Sistem Keuangan dapat mengelola berbagai laporan mulai dari pencatatan kas hingga pembuatan laporan keuangan. Pentingnya sistem keuangan dalam operasional, menjadikannya  harus dalam kondisi yang optimal. Perlu adanya kontrol dan evaluasi terhadap kinerja sistem informasi (SI agar sistem yang dibangun organisasi dapat mencapai tujuan bisnis. Untuk itu diperlukannya evaluasi kinerja sistem keuangan, pada penelitian ini standar yang digunakan untuk proses evaluasi kinerja yaitu COBIT 5. Framework COBIT 5 dapat menjadi sebuah alat evaluasi kinerja SI untuk menilai seberapa jauh SI  dapat memenuhi kebutuhan tujuan bisnis. Berdasarkan evaluasi kinerja pada sistem keuangan menggunakan COBIT 5 didapatkan hasil bahwa organisasi sudah mengimplementasikan semua proses, yang berarti Dana Pensiun Sekolah Kristen Salatiga sudah mencapai tingkat kapabilitas pada level 1 (Performed Process maupun level 2 (Managed Process. Untuk memperbaiki tingkat kapabilitas proses-proses TI tersebut, maka COBIT 5 telah memberikan panduan berupa rekomendasi guna penyelerasan antara tujuan bisnis Dana Pensiun Sekolah Kristen dengan tujuan TI dalam rangka meningkatkan efisiensi dan efektifitas Sistem Keuangan untuk mencapai tujuan organisasi.

  5. Refleksi Model Pendidikan Pesantren dan Tantangannya Masa Kini

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    Guntur Cahaya Kesuma

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Education in pesantren does not stop as a transfer activity of science only. Azyumardi Azra mentions, besides being a transfer of knowledge, pesantren also as a cadre of scholars' and as preserver of Islamic culture. The challenge of pesantren education today is globalization that can bring positive and negative impacts. The principle of pesantren is al muhafadzah 'ala al qadim al shalih, wa al akhdzu bi al jadid al ashlah, that is to maintain a positive tradition, and to balance with taking positive new things. Problems related to civic values will be addressed through the principles held by pesantren. Pesantrens should also make effective, efficient, and equitable reshuffling as human beings (al musawah bain al nas   Pendidikan di pesantren tidak berhenti sebagai aktifitas transfer ilmu saja. Azyumardi Azra menyebutkan, selain sebagai transfer ilmu, pesantren juga sebagai kaderisasi ulama' dan sebagai pemelihara budaya Islam. Tantangan pendidikan pesantren saat ini adalah globalisasi yang dapat membawa dampak positif maupun negatif. Prinsip pesantren adalah al muhafadzah ‘ala al qadim al shalih, wa al akhdzu bi al jadid al ashlah, yaitu tetap memegang tradisi yang positif, dan mengimbangi dengan mengambil hal-hal baru yang positif. Permasalahan-permasalahan yang berkaitan dengan civic values akan bisa dibenahi melalui prinsip-prinsip yang dipegang pesantren selama ini. Pesantren perlu juga melakukan perombakan yang efektif, berdaya guna, serta mampu memberikan kesejajaran sebagai umat manusia (al musawah bain al nas.

  6. Makna Tanda Komunikasi Intrapersonal Dalam Sketsa (Studi Kasus Pada Karya Studi Dua Maestro

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    Supriatna - -

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Sketch in the context of artis as a design drawing, tobe realized in the real work goals.When the creative process of making a sketch, there is some intra personal communication that personal communication with it self, to solve visua lproblems.The Feedback will be visible in the form of visual signs, which appear to be “real” in the form of a twin image and visual correction as a result of contemplation solution. For that, the sketch is a self laboratory, in which there isa personal creator codes. As well as the sign code is something interesting to be interpreted, using semiotic theory approach. Keywords: Sketch, intra personal communication, semiotic. ABSTRAK Sketsa dalam konteks seni rupa adalah sebagai sebuah gambar rancangan, guna diwujudkan pada tujuan karya sesungguhnya.Pada proses kreasi sketsa terjadi komunkasi intrapersonal yakni komunikasi dengan dirinya sendiri, dalam memecahkan persoalan visual. Respon balik akan tercermin dalam penanda-penanda visual, yang terlihat secara “telanjang” berupa gambar kembar maupun koreksi visual sebagai solusi perenungan. Berkait dengan hal tersebut, sketsa merupakan laboratorium diri, yang di dalamnya terdapat kode-kode pribadi kreatornya. Kode maupun tanda tersebut menjadi hal yangmenarik untuk dimaknai, dengan menggunakan pendekatan teori semiotik. Kata kunci: Sketsa, komunikasi intrapersonal, semiotik

  7. PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT DALAM PENGELOLAAN HASIL PERIKANAN DI KELURAHAN SUMPANG BINANGAE KABUPATEN BARRU

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    Zulfan Nahruddin

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to investigate the implementation of community empowerment in the management of the fishery in Sub Sumpang Binangae Barru . The method used is a qualitative descriptive study . The results of this study indicate that the strengthening of the funding for the fishing industry is quite beneficial for fisheries business there is ease access to funding obtained . Empowering local government in terms of packaging and help to improve the promotion of business products processing of fishery products to various areas , provision of facilities and infrastructure business to business operators of industrial shredded fish is quite effective but the implementation of the guidance by the local governments have not been implemented on an ongoing basis in order to increase the economic value added the businesses that have been fostered by the government.   Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui pelaksanaan pemberdayaan masyarakat dalam pengelolaan hasil perikanan di Kelurahan Sumpang Binangae Kabupaten Barru. Metode yang digunakan yaitu penelitian deskriptif kualitatif. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa penguatan pendanaan untuk industri perikanan cukup memberikan manfaat bagi pelaku usaha perikanan ada kemudahaan akses pendanaan yang diperoleh. Pemberdayaan dilakukan pemerintah daerah dalam hal pengemasan serta membantu meningkatkan promosi produk usaha pengolahan hasil perikanan ke berbagai daerah, pemberian bantuan sarana dan prasarana usaha untuk pelaku usaha industri abon ikan cukup efektif tetapi pelaksanaan pembinaan yang dilakukan pemerintah daerah belum terlaksana secara berkelanjutan guna meningkatkan nilai tambah ekonomis pada usaha yang telah dibina oleh pemerintah.

  8. Pengaruh Penambahan PWM (Pulse Width Modulation Pada Generator HHO Tipe Dry Cell

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    Fungky Dyan Pertiwi

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Generator HHO memanfaatkan proses elektrolisis air agar mendapatkan gas H2. Namun, pada praktiknya pemakaian arus dari aki yang besar dan temperatur tinggi membuat bejana generator menjadi cepat rusak, sehingga dibutuhkan tambahan rangkaian elektronika PWM pada pengujian generator HHO guna mengatasi permasalahan tersebut. Penelitian menggunakan elektroda plat berjumlah 9 berdimensi 120mm 120mm, tebal 1mm dan dibatasi oleh o-ring dengan diameter 126mm, tebal 3mm. Pengujian dilakukan secara eksperimen dengan 2 kelompok yaitu kelompok control yang mana pengujian tanpa menggunakan PWM serta kelompok uji dimana pengujian menggunakan PWM dengan variasi duty cycle 30%, 50% dan 70%. Pengujian dilakukan hingga temperatur elektrolit 93oC. Hasil uji didapatkan bahwa arus, laju produksi dan efisiensi terbesar didapatkan pada pengujian tanpa PWM yang mencapai 60,6A, 6,033 10-6kg/s dan 25,69%. Namun, pada pengambilan data kedua efisiensi turun menjadi 19,74%. Penambahan PWM pada pengujian berpengaruh pada arus dan temperatur yang stabil meskipun laju produksi dan efisiensi lebih kecil daripada pengujian tanpa PWM. Pengujian dengan PWM pada duty cycle 70% menghasilkan laju produksi dan efisiensi terbesar yang mencapai 1,843 10-6 kg/s dan 15,19%.

  9. Analisa Penguasaan Hak Atas Tanah Tahun 2014 – 2015 (Studi Kasus : Kecamatan Lumajang, Kabupaten Lumajang

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    Muhammad Irsyadi Firdaus

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Pembangunan daerah saat ini sangat pesat dan jumlah penduduk setiap tahun terus bertambah. Hal ini menjadi faktor utama meningkatnya kebutuhan manusia seperti kebutuhan pemukiman, industri, pelabuhan, pertanian/perikanan, pariwisata, kawasan pusat pemerintahan dan sebagainya [1]. Masalah tersebut menyebabkan tingkat permintaan lahan semakin tinggi sehingga berpengaruh terhadap perubahan penguasaan hak atas tanah. Oleh karena itu diperlukan analisa penguasaan hak atas tanah terhadap penggunaan lahan di kecamatan lumajang untuk mengetahui perubahan penguasaan hak atas tanah yang terjadi agar sesuai dengan perencanaan pembangunan kecamatan Lumajang. Penelitian ini menggunakan data spasial dan non spasial. Data spasial berupa peta persil tahun 2014 dan tahun 2015 sedangkan data non spasial berupa data penguasaan hak atas tanah. Peta diolah dengan menggunakan software ArcMap yang kemudian dilakukan pengolahan dengan analysis tools yaitu overlay sehingga didapatkan peta perubahan penguasaan hak ata tanah yang memiliki tiga hak yaitu hak milik, hak guna bangunan, hak pakai. Setelah itu dilakukan perhitungan luas dengan menggunakan Calculate Geometry yang ada di atribute. Hasil dari penelitian ini didapatkan perubahan paling banyak terjadi pada hak milik.

  10. Tipologi Klaster Industri Pengolahan Jagung di Kecamatan Merakurak Kabupaten Tuban Berdasarkan Karakteristik Pengembangan Ekonomi Lokalnya

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    Rusyidi Huda Prasetyo

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Pengembangan wilayah Kabupaten Tuban khususnya Kecamatan Merakurakurak masih berorientasi pada growth oriented semata. Pontensi jagung yang menjadi komoditas basis pada wilayah tersebut masih belum terkelola dengan optimal, karena tidak adanya arahan yang lebih spesifik terkait diversifikasi dan pengolahan jagung lebih lanjut. Oleh karena itu diperlukan perumusan arahan yang tepat guna dalam mengembangkan industri pengolahan jagung di Kecamatan Merakurak Kabupaten Tuban. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengidentifikasi tipologi klaster industri pengolahan jagung di Kecmatan Merakurak Kabupaten Tuban dengan pendekatan Pengembangan Ekonomi Lokal (PEL. Hal ini dikarenakan konsep PEL sejalan dengan fenomena yang terjadi di wilayah penelitian, yaitu trkait berkembanganya wirausahawan lokal (industri penglahan jagung dalam rangka mengembangkan ekonomi lokal yang mandiri. Terdapat tiga tahapan mencapai tujuan penelitian. Pertama, identifikasi faktor-faktor yang berpengaruh dengan menggunakan metode analisis faktor konfirmatori, selanjutnya mengelompokkan klaster industri berdasarkan faktor-faktor dengan analisis klaster ttersebut dan pada tahap terakhir menginterpretasi analisis klaster pada setiap tipologi yang muncul dengan analisis deskriptif. Adapun hasil yang didapatkan dari penelitian ini adalah tipologi klaster industri yaitu industri intijagung yang berada pada Desa Tuwiri Kulon, Tlogowaru, Tobo, Sugihan. Kemudian industri pemasok yang berada pada Desa Kapu, Tuwiri Wetan, Pongpongan, Temandang, Tegalrejo dan Tahulu. Serta, industri pendukung yang berada pada Desa Mandirejo, Bogorejo, Sumberejo, Sendang Haji, Sambonggede, Sumber, Boreh Bangle, Senori dan Sembungrejo.

  11. PERANCANGAN APLIKASI SISTEM REPAIR SCHEDULE PADA KAPAL PENYEBERANGAN MERAK-BAKAUHENI BERBASIS WEB MENURUT ATURAN BIRO KLASIFIKASI INDONESIA

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    Samuel Samuel

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Reparasi kapal (docking merupakan keharusan guna menjamin sertifikat kelaikan maupun keselamatan. Minimal setiap setahun sekali kapal harus docking. Saat ini di pelabuhan Merak–Bakauheni terjadi antrian yang panjang terutama pada saat high season karena kurangnya armada kapal yang disebabkan jadwal docking pada high season dan kurangnya komunikasi dan pengawasan docking kapal tersebut. Untuk menghindari hal tersebut, peneliti merancang dan membuat sistem informasi docking schedule berbasis web yang dilengkapi dengan reminder dalam bentuk email dan sms untuk memudahkan PT. ASDP sebagai pengelola transportasi di pelabuhan merak-bakauheni dalam mengatur jadwal dan melakukan pengawasan pada kapal. Pengembangan aplikasi dimulai dengan identifikasi kebutuhan sistem yang menghasilkan desain sistem, yang didefinisikan dengan Data Flow Diagram (DFD, Entity Relationship Diagram (ERD, Use case Diagram. Implementasi aplikasi berdasarkan desain sistem diterapkan pada lingkungan web dengan MySQL dan PHP dan sms gateway. Sistem penjadwalan reparasi dan survey berbasis web dengan pesan pengingat melalui Email dan SMS ini mampu  memberikan informasi jadwal repair dan survey dengan cepat dan dapat diakses kapanpun dan dimanapun dan dari hasil uji coba sistem, menunjukkan bahwa aplikasi yang dibangun telah dapat memenuhi semua kebutuhan sistem pengguna.

  12. PERANCANGAN E-COMMERCE PENJUALAN KOMPUTER DAN ALAT ELEKTRONIK BERBASIS WEB PADA TOKO DAMAR KOMPUTER PRINGSEWU

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    Ahmad Mustofa

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Damar Komputer  adalah perusahaan yang bergerak di bidang penjualan komputer  dan alat elektronik lainnya.  Sangat perlu adanya kemudahan pelayanan untuk memudahkan pelanggan yang jauh dari jangkauan. Guna memfasilitasi itu semua dapat direalisasikan dengan toko online (E-Commerce. Aplikasi toko online yang dibangun ini bertujuan untuk membantu Damar Komputer  dalam hal pemasaran dan penjualan produk. Proses pembuatan program ini dimulai dengan menganalisa sistem yang telah ada di Damar Komputer Pringsewu, kemudian dibuat DFD, ERD  yang diperlukan. Dilanjutkan dengan mendesain interface dan membuat programnya. Aplikasi toko online ini menggunakan bahasa pemrograman PHP, MySQL sebagai database, Macromedia Dreamweaver 8 sebagai editor HTML dan Photo shop Cs 3 sebagai image editor. Aplikasi ini memiliki tiga fungsi utama. Pertama yaitu untuk user umum, setiap pengunjung website bisa melihat katalog produk, menggunakan layanan website, tetapi tidak bisa melakukan pemesanan produk. Kedua adalah anggota yang bisa melakukan pemesanan produk. Terakhir yaitu administrator yang bisa melakukan pengelolaan data produk, mengelola pesanan dan memperoleh laporan.

  13. PENGARUH ATRAKTAN TERHADAP LALAT BUAH PADA TANAMAN BELIMBING DI KABUPATEN BLITAR

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    Moch. Sodiq

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Lalat buah telah menjadi salah satu hama penting pada tanaman belimbing (Averrhoa carambola L..  Guna mengatasi serangan lalat buah, petani selalu membungkus buah dan memasang atraktan metil eugenol pada tanaman belimbing pada saat tanaman berbunga sampai dengan buah belimbing dipanen, namun hasilnya belum optimal dalam mengendalikan lalat buah, sehingga perlu dicari cara lain untuk mengendalikan lalat buah belimbing yang lebih efektif.  Penelitian dilakukan pada lahan belimbing petani Kabupaten Blitar.  Sedangkan untuk mengetahui jenis lalat buah yang menyerang buah belimbing, dilakukan identifikasi di Laboratorium HamaTanaman.  Penelitian menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap dan setiap perlakuan diulang 4 kali.  Parameter yang diamati adalah spesies, intensitas serangan, jumlah, dan kelamin lalat buah yang terperangkap.            Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa atraktan tidak berpengaruh terhadap intensitas serangan lalat buah.  Lalat buah yang terperangkap hanya satu spesies yaitu Bactrocera carambolae dan kombinasi jenis atraktan, perangsang bau pakan, warna dan volume tempat atraktan tidak berpengaruh terhadap ketertarikan lalat buah jantan dan betina. Kata kunci : pengaruh, atraktan, lalat buah

  14. PERANAN PUBLIC RELATIONS DALAM MENJARING PEMASANG IKLAN PADA RADIO REPUBLIK INDONESIA CABANG MADYA – DENPASAR

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    I Dewa Ayu Hendrawathy Putri

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available RRI sebagai salah satu unit pelayanan teknis pemerintah di bidang jasa penyiaran, sejalan dengan tingkat perkembangan dan kemajuan pelayanan, perlu memiliki landasan kerja guna meningkatkan dan menjamin mutu pelayanan jasa penyiarannya. Public Relations yang merangkap bagian divisi Pemasaran dan Pembangunan Usaha secara struktural berada di bawah pimpinan perusahaan. Pada bagian divisi Pemasaran dan Pembangunan Usaha hanya terdiri dari sepuluh orang dan semuanya berperan penting menjadi seorang PR yang mampu mempromosikan RRI. PR diberi wewenang untuk menjalankan tugas sebaik-baiknya khususnya dalam menjalin hubungan dengan pemasang iklan agar dapat meningkatkan kepercayaan masyarakat untuk memasangkan iklan khususnya bagi masyarakat pendengar. Team kerja PR dituntut untuk berkreativitas dalam mempromosikan dan memasangkan produk perusahaan sesuai dengan tugasnya masing-masing. Dengan cara demikian PR dapat terlaksana dengan baik dan lancar sehingga dapat tercapainya tujuan perusahaan. Kegiatan PR juga berupaya untuk mewujudkan hubungan yang harmonis antara badan usaha atau organisasi dengan publiknya. Hal ini dilakukan untuk menarik perhatian pemasang iklan untuk memasangkan iklannya, usaha untuk menanamkan kesan yang menyenangkan, sehingga timbul opini publik yang menguntungkan bagi kelangsungan hidup perusahaan. Sikap yang simpatik, ramah dan sopan yang menunjukkan perhatian terhadap publik akan menciptakan suatu kerja sama yang baik antara Public Relations dengan para pemasang iklan sehingga dapat menghasilkan kerja sama yang profesional.

  15. KOSEP PEMAHAMAN DAN TEKNOLOGI PENGELOLAAN SAMPAH DI RUMAH SUSUN SEWA

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    Henita Rahmayanti

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk merencanakan pengelolaan sampah di Tempat Penampungan Sampah yang terdapat di rumah susun sewa di Jakarta. Proses pengelolaan yang akan dilakukan dengan cara menanamkan konsep pemahaman pemilahan sampah organik dan anorganik di rumah masing-masing dan sistem pembuangan menggunakan saluran pembuangan secara terpisah. Prinsip pengelolaan sampah yang akan diterapkan yaitu merubah sampah yang tidak berguna menjadi bernilai guna. Semua sampah diolah dengan baik di Tempat Penampungan sampah sehingga tidak ada sampah yang diangkut keluar (Zero Waste. Teknologi pengelolaan sampah organik menggunakan sistem Anaerobic Digester sedangkan untuk pengelolaan sampah anorganik menggunakan sistem 4R (Reduce, Reuse, Recycle, Replace. Hasil dari pengelolaan sampah organik adalah kompos, limbah cair untuk budidaya ikan lele serta biogas. Untuk hasil sampah anorganik akan dijual kepada pengumpul barang bekas, digunakan sebagai bahan yang dapat diolah untuk berbagai kreasi dan dapat mempunyai nilai ekonomis. Proses ini memerlukan peran aktif dari masyarakat untuk mengelola sampah secara terus menerus sehingga dapat dijadikan contoh untuk tempat-tempat lain.

  16. KEKUATAN VISUM ET REPERTUM SEBAGAI ALAT BUKTI DALAM MENGUNGKAP TERJADINYA TINDAK PIDANA

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    Yusup Khairun Nisa

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Pembuktian merupakan hal terpenting dalam proses peradilan, proses ini guna untuk mencari kebenaran materiil yaitu kebenaran yang selengkap – lengkapnya dari suatu perkara pidana. Dalam hal pembuktian ada berbagai macam alat bukti seperti keterangan saksi, keterangan ahli, surat, petunjuk, dan keterangan terdakwa. Dalam tindak pidana penganiayaan, asusila, dan pembunuhan sering adanya visum et repertum yang dijadikan sebagai alat bukti dalam pembuktiannya. Berdasarkan uraian tersebut penulis melakukan penelitian dengan judul “KEKUATAN VISUM ET REPERTUM DALAM MENGUNGKAP TERJADINYA TINDAK PIDANA”. Rumusan Masalah penelitian ini adalah bagaimanakah fungsi visum et repertum dalam mengungkap terjadinya tindak pidana dan bagaimanakah kekuatan hukum visum et repertum dalam mengungkap terjadinya tindak pidana. Penelitian ini menggunakan penelitian normatif empiris , bahan penelitian ini terdiri dari bahan primer bahan sekunder dan bahan non hukum, spesifikasi penelitian bersifat preskriptif dan terapan , tahap penelitiannya terdiri atas pendahuluan pelaksanaan dan akhir, menggunakan metode pendekatan Perundang Undangan (statute approach dan metode pendekatan kasus (case approach, serta menggunakan analisa deduktif. Hasil penelitian yang didapat penulis menunjukkan bahwa fungsi visum et repertum adalah sebagai berikut, ditingkat penyidikan visum et repertum memiliki fungsi sebagai bahan untuk memperkuat dakwaan/sangkaan terhadap perbuatan yang dilakukan oleh tersangka dan sebagai bukti penahanan tersangka,ditingkat penuntutan yaitu sebagai alat untuk menentukan berat ringannya Pasal yang dipersangkakan terhadap terdakwa/pelaku,tingkat pengadilan yaitu salah satu pengganti alat bukti fisik dan sebagai pertimbangan hakim dalam menjatuhi putusan kepada terdakwa. Dan kekuatan hukum visum et repertum yaitu sangat mutlak atau sempurna dalam kasus tertentu seperti kasus tindak pidana penganiayaan, asusila, maupun pembunuhan

  17. PERBANDINGAN METODE UNTUK PERBAIKAN KUALITAS CITRA MAMMOGRAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanifah Rahmi Fajrin

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Kanker payudara merupakan pembunuh nomor satu pada wanita di seluruh dunia. Sejauh ini, deteksi dari kanker payudara hanya menggunakan mata telanjang dan berdasarkan jam terbang (pengalaman dari dokter dan radiologis. Terdapat beberapa kelemahan dalam menganalisis mammogram payudara guna mendeteksi keberadaan kanker payudara. Hal ini bisa diakibatkan oleh sel kanker yang tertutup oleh noise, kontras citra yang rendah dan faktor manusiawi lainnya seperti : kelelahan, mood, dan lainnya. Untuk meminimalisir hal tersebut dibutuhkan suatu metode yang dapat membantu dokter dalam menganalisis citra mammogram payudara. Pada penelitian ini, dilakukan suatu proses yang bertujuan untuk meningkatkan kualitas mammogram agar lebih memudahkan dokter dalam mendiagnosis kelainan pada payudara. Citra yang diolah merupakan citra mammogram yang tidak dipangkas dan tidak disegmentasi pada bagian Region of Interest (ROI, melainkan keseluruhan citra payudara setelah dihilangkan background yang berlebihan. Tahapan pada proses peningkatan kuliatas citra mammogram ini (pra pengolahan terdiri dari : menghilangkan label atau artifak yang ditemukan pada mammogram, meng-crop citra pada bagian payudara saja (menghilangkan background, memperbaiki kontras citra dengan membandingkan beberapa metode yaitu: CLAHE, Non Subsampled Contourlet Transform (NSCT, Contras Stretching (CS dan selanjutnya dilakukan smoothing dengan menggunakan filter median. Kinerja dari setiap metode dihitung dengan mencari nilai Mean Square Error (MSE dan Peak Signal to Noise Ratio (PSNR citra. Dari nilai MSE dan PSNR yang didapatkan, ditemukan nilai MSE dan PSNR terbaik pada metode NSCT dengan nilai 50.20878 db 31.75332 db. Kata kunci: CLAHE, NSCT, CS, median filter.

  18. PRODUCT CERTIFICATION AND LEGAL PROTECTION TO ENHANCE INDONESIAN TRADITIONAL HERBAL PRODUCTIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Endang Purwaningsih

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This study is aimed to empower traditional herbs producer and help legal protection of Indonesian traditional medicines, implementing Participatory Research and juridical-sociological approaches. Data were collected through literary, questionnaire, interview and Focus Group Discussion. The first year study revealed that Herbal Producer Association worked with all members, persuading government offices to get product certification and effective trademark licenses. In the second year study the researchers and Producers Association trained and facilitated vendors to endorse trademark, label registry, and markets shares. Producers maintain traditional medicine management, because product certification is hard to achieve. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memberdayakan produsen jamu/OT dan membantu perlindungan hukumnya, dengan memanfaatkan pendekatan penelitian partisipatoris dan sosiologis yuridis. Data dikumpulkan dengan literatur, kuesioner, wawancara dan Focus Group Discussion (FGD. Pada tahun pertama organisasi gabungan pengusaha jamu (GP Jamu bersama-sama dengan seluruh anggotanya mendorong pemerintah untuk perolehan sertifikasi produk izin edar dan merek secara efektif. Pada tahun kedua, peneliti dan gabungan pengusaha jamu melakukan pelatihan guna perolehan izin edar, pendaftaran merek, dan peningkatan pemasaran. Para pengusaha jamu tradisional perlu terus menerus didampingi karena perolehan izin edar terkesan sulit.

  19. Implementasi dan Analisis Teknik Reduksi PAPR OFDM Menggunakan Metode PTS pada WARP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rizkha Ajeng Rochmatika

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Sistem OFDM cocok digunakan sebagai solusi yang dapat memenuhi layanan komunikasi data kecepatan tinggi karena memiliki efisiensi bandwidth dengan performansi terbaik. Namun dalam implementasinya, sistem OFDM memiliki kelemahan yang disebabkan oleh tingginya nilai Peak to Average Power Ratio (PAPR sehingga sinyal OFDM rentan terkena distorsi nonlinear yang disebabkan oleh adanya komponen RF power amplifier yang menyebabkan kompleksitas komponen Analog to Digital Converter (ADC yang terdapat pada Wireless Open Access Research Platform (WARP. Nilai PAPR yang besar pada OFDM membutuhkan power amplifier dengan dynamic range yang lebar untuk mengakomodasi sinyal, apabila hal tersebut tidak terpenuhi maka menyebabkan distorsi nonlinear dan pada akhirnya menurunkan performansi OFDM. Oleh karena itu, untuk mengatasinya dibutuhkan suatu metode yang dapat mereduksi nilai PAPR salah satunya menggunakan metode PTS. Guna melihat unjuk kerja teknik PTS, maka pada penelitian ini dibandingkan dua skema antara sistem OFDM tanpa dan dengan teknik PTS menggunakan analisa pada bit error rate dan nilai CCDF. Dari hasil pengukuran menunjukkan bahwa implementasi kinerja teknik PTS mampu meningkatkan kinerja sistem OFDM saat terkena distorsi nonlinear, terlihat pada pengukuran dengan modulasi 16-QAM untuk gain 56 didapatkan peningkatan BER sebesar 95.98%. Sedangkan pada grafik CCDF terjadi penurunan nilai PAPR sebesar 34.17% untuk M=4.

  20. PENAFSIRAN LAFAZ SAMAAWAATI DALAM AL-QUR’AN (KAJIAN TAFSIR TEMATIK OLEH PARA MUFASSIR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mainizar. N

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini dilatar belakangi oleh pertanyaan-pertanyaan mahasiswa tentang lafaz samaawati dan keingin tahuan yang sangat besar dari peneliti untuk memahami dan mendalami makna dan tafsir ayat-ayat samaawati dalam al-Qur’an, guna memperkuat akidah peneliti khususnya dan pembaca sekalian pada umunya serta untuk menambah kecintaan kepada al-Qur’an sebagai petunjuk bagi manusia di dunia dan akhirat. Masalah yang diteliti adalah apa saja konteks ayat-ayat samaawati di dalam al-Qur’an dan apa saja tafsir dan kandungan ayat-ayat samaawati dalam berbagai konteksnya di dalam al-Qur’an. Objek penelitian ini adalah ayat-ayat yang terdapat lafaz samaawati di dalam al-Qur’an. Ayat-ayat al-Qur’an yang memiliki lafaz samaawati sebanyak 188 ayat dengan konteks yang sama dan yang berbeda. Ayat-ayat dengan konteks yang sama dikelompokkan menjadi 18 kelompok, sedangkan yang tidak sama (berbeda sebanyak 51 ayat. Ayat-ayat yang diteliti hanya 60 ayat. Data yang terkumpul dianalisis dengan analisis konteks dan komparasi dalam kitab Tafsir al-Mishbah, Fi Zhilalil Qur’an, dan Ibnu Katsir.

  1. PENINGKATAN KUALITAS MELALUI IMPLEMENTASI FILOSOFI SIX SIGMA (Studi Kasus di sebuah Perusahaan Speaker

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jani Rahardjo

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The article describes the quality improvement program in a speaker company%2C through the implementation of six sigma philosophy; design a quality control system to support the result of the philosophy implementation%2C helped by the house of quality. The improvement of the quality level to 6ƒã is done by knowing the speaker¡¦s critical to quality (CTQ. The CTQ improved by minimized the highest defect. There are an analysis to six sigma indicator and the quality cost. The result is a quality improvement through the two type of speaker%2C 12¡¨ C-1230 PA ACR Pro New and 12¡¨ 30H120 SRW-38B ACR Pro New. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Artikel ini membahas program peningkatan kualitas di sebuah perusahaan speaker melalui implementasi filosofi six sigma%2C perancangan perbaikan sistem pengendalian kualitas guna mendukung hasil implementasi%2C dengan bantuan rumah mutu. Peningkatan level kualitas ke arah 6ƒã dilakukan dengan mengetahui karakteritik kritis konsumen terhadap produk speaker%2C yang kemudian diperbaiki dengan meminimalkan kecacatan tertinggi. Analisa dilakukan terhadap indikator keberhasilan six sigma dan biaya kualitas. Perbandingan indikator keberhasilan menyatakan adanya peningkatan kualitas terhadap kedua tipe speaker yaitu 12¡¨ C-1230 PA ACR Pro New dan 12¡¨ 30H120 SRW-38B ACR Pro New. Six sigma%2C house of quality%2C critical to quality%2C quality cost.

  2. Analisa Kepuasan Pelanggan pada Pekerjaan Reparasi Kapal dengan Metode Quality Function Deployment (QFD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdul Rahman

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Kepuasan pelanggan merupakan perbedaan antara harapan dan kinerja atau hasil yang dirasakan oleh pelanggan. Kepuasan pelanggan terjadi apabila jasa atau produk (hasil yang diterima dan dirasakan oleh pelanggan sesuai dengan apa yang diharapkan oleh pelanggan atau bahkan melebihi harapan pelanggan. Ketika pelanggan suatu perusahaan merasa puas dengan kinerja perusahaan, maka opini publik yang terbentuk akan menguntungkan perusahaan tersebut.Pada Tugas Akhir ini penulis melakukan analisa kepuasan pelanggan di PT. X. Responden pada penelitian ini merupakan para pelanggan yang menggunakan jasa perawatan dan reparasi kapal milik PT. X. Setelah diketahui tingkat kepuasan pelanggan pada jasa reparasi kapal PT. X, selanjutnya dilakukan pembandingan dengan benchmarking dari PT.X yaitu PT. Y. Pembandingan ini dilakukan untuk menentukan sejauh mana posisi perusahaan jika dibandingkan dengan perusahaan pesaing serta untuk menentukan target-target yang ingin dicapai agar perusahaan dapat menyamai bahkan melebihi perusahaan pembanding.Terdapat beberapa metode yang digunakan dalam analisis kepuasan pelanggan jasa reparasi pada PT. X ini. Salah satunya adalah metode service quality (servqual yang menunjukkan hasil bahwa pelanggan belum puas terhadap kinerja jasa reparasi PT. X. Selain itu digunakan metode Quality Function Deployment (QFD guna mengkonversi suara pelanggan secara langsung terhadap persyaratan teknis atau spesifikasi teknis dari jasa. Metode QFD menghasilkan suatu analisa tingkat kepentingan suatu atribut bagi pelanggan serta untuk menentukan target ke depan dari PT. X

  3. DEVELOPMENT OF E-DESA POLICY MODEL IN BANDUNG REGENCY (EDUCATION QUALIFICATION TECHNOLOGY OF PERANGKAT DESA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melly Maulin Purnawingwulan, dkk

    2015-06-01

    Abstrak. Electronic Desa (e-Desa merupakan sistem yang dapat didasarkan pada teknologi cloud computing. Dengan e-Desa maka pemerintah desa tidak perlu direpotkan dengan penyediaan infrastruktur sistem seperti server, aplikasi dan perawatan sistem. Harapan dengan adanya sistem e-Desa ini adalah pemerintah desa dapat mandiri dalam pengelolaan informasi dan administrasi yang dilakukan. Pembangunan e-Desa ini ditujukan khusus untuk mendapatkan model pengelolaan informasi dan administrasi yang dilakukan pemerintahan desa guna meningkatkan pelayanan sesuai dengan visi dan misi Kabupaten Bandung dalam semangat otonomi daerah. Penelitian ini memiliki tujuan untuk memberikan kontribusi mendasar pada Ilmu Pemerintahan khususnya tentang konsep baru tentang e-Government. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif dengan pendekatan kualitatif dengan teknik penentuan informan yang digunakan purposive (pengambilan informan berdasarkan tujuan. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah studi pustaka dan studi lapangan serta validitas data dalam penelitian ini menggunakan triangulasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pengembangan model kebijakan pembangunan e-Desa dapat berhasil bilamana ditunjang oleh kualifikasi pendidikan teknologi perangkat desa yang memadai. Kenyatannya, hal ini masih kurang di kalangan perangkat desa di lingkungan Pemerintah Kabupaten Bandung. Kata Kunci : Kebijakan, E-desa, E goverment

  4. Detecting Moorland Wildfire Scars and their Persistence in the Landscape using Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) in the Peak District National Park, UK

    Science.gov (United States)

    Millin-chalabi, G. R.; McMorrow, J.; Agnew, C.

    2012-12-01

    The overall aim of this research is to assess the ability of SAR to detect moorland wildfire scars and their persistence in the landscape using the Peak District National Park (PDNP) in the UK as a case study. Spatially-robust data to monitor wildfire scar size and severity in UK moorlands is currently rare. Fires can burn deep into peat soils and contribute to the release of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere and may also affect the water quality of nearby streams. Information on fire extent would be useful for conservation organisations such as Moors For The Future who are trying to preserve the delicate peatland environment. Knowing the size and location of fire scars would help the Fire and Rescue Service to plan future response to moorland fires. Fire scar boundaries can be mapped in the field using Global Positioning Systems (GPS), however this is labour intensive. Indeed in the PDNP wildfire scar mapping is conducted by park rangers which provides essential ground truth data for assessing against the SAR data. Therefore this particular area provides a unique opportunity for testing an alternative SAR technique for monitoring wildfire scars in the moorland landscape. Previous research shows that SAR has been successfully applied for wildfire scar detection in other types of environments such as boreal (Bourgeau-Chavez et al, 1997) and the tropics (Huang and Siegert, 2004). This research presents some of the first results of the project which tests the capability of ERS 2; ASAR (C-band) and PALSAR (L-band) data to detect several wildfire scars from 2003 - 2008 of various spatial scales and fire severity. Some of the key areas of interest the paper will explore are at Bleaklow and the Kinder plateau. The Bleaklow peat fire of 18th April 2003 was larger (7km2) and more severe than at Kinder, which burned between 26-29th May 2008 and covered an area of 10 ha. All the wildfire scars were GPS, mapped just after the fire event. Archival time-series SAR imagery was

  5. Building Exposure Maps Of Urban Infrastructure And Crop Fields In The Mekong River Basin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haas, E.; Weichselbaum, J.; Gangkofner, U.; Miltzer, J.; Wali, A.

    2013-12-01

    In the frame of the Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) initiative for the Mekong river basin World Bank is collaborating with the Mekong River Commission and governmental organizations in Cambodia, Lao PDR, Thailand and Vietnam to build national and regional capacities for managing the risks associated with natural disasters, such as floods, flash floods and droughts. Within ‘eoworld', a joint initiative set up by ESA and World Bank to foster the use of Earth Observation (EO) for sustainable development work, a comprehensive database of elements at risk in the Lower Mekong river basin has been established by GeoVille, including urban infrastructure and crops (primarily rice paddies). In the long term, this exposure information shall be fed into an open-source multi- hazard modeling tool for risk assessment along the Mekong River, which then shall be used by national stakeholders as well as insurance and financial institutions for planning, disaster preparedness and emergency management. Earth Observation techniques can provide objective, synoptic and repetitive observations of elements at risk including buildings, infrastructure and crops. Through the fusion of satellite-based with in-situ data from field surveys and local knowledge (e.g. on building materials) features at risk can be characterised and mapped with high accuracy. Earth Observation data utilised comprise bi-weekly Envisat ASAR imagery programmed for a period of 9 months in 2011 to map the development of the rice cultivation area, identify predominant cropping systems (wet-season vs. dry season cultivation), crop cycles (single /double / triple crop per year), date of emergence/harvest and the distinction between rice planted under intensive (SRI) vs. regular rice cultivation techniques. Very High Resolution (VHR) optical data from SPOT, KOMPSAT and QuickBird were used for mapping of buildings and infrastructure, such as building footprints, residential / commercial areas, industrial

  6. New tools for basin scale river ice characterization from radar data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gauthier, Y.; Bernier, M.; Poulin, J.; Uusikivi, J.; Duguay, C.

    2012-04-01

    In recent years, a number of river ice services have been developed to support flood forecasting and ice jam early warnings, using radar satellite imagery. Some approaches are already used operationally by water or public safety authorities for river ice monitoring. However, there is still a need to further improve these services by enhancing the classification accuracy and the characterization of river ice dynamics and by making better use of the image-derived information. This aspect is investigated within the STSE North Hydrology project (Support To Science Element - European Space Agency), which global objectives is to exploit earth observation technology, models and in situ data to improve the characterization of river and lake ice processes and their contribution to the Northern Hydrology system. The river ice work builds on the expertise of the FRAZIL system, developed at INRS. Improvements are made to the IceMAP algorithm (Ice Mapping Automated Procedure) for use with dual polarization ASAR data. Ambiguities in the presence of water surface roughness (wind or rapids) are reduced. New tools are developed to automatically derive added-value information from the radar ice maps: 1) the Ice Cover Profiler gives a longitudinal view of the ice surface concentrations; 2) the Ice Change Detector detects signs of melting, signs of break-up, signs of freeze-up and signs of consolidation and 3) the ice front monitor indicates the probable location of the ice front. Output information is evaluated for use with breakup date forecasting models and other needs of the Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE). The primary testing site for this project is the Tornionjoki/Torne älv River, a river at the border between Finland and Sweden. But other sites were included as well (Koksoak, Chaudiere and Peace Rivers (Canada) as the main challenge remains the availability of both images of river ice and validation data over various conditions. Archived and new ASAR images were used for

  7. On the use of Multisensor and multitemporal data for monitoring risk degradation and looting in archaeological site

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masini, Nicola; Lasaponara, Rosa

    2015-04-01

    Illegal excavations represent one of the main risks which affect the archaeological heritage all over the world. They cause a massive loss of artefacts but also, and above all, a loss of the cultural context, which makes the subsequent interpretation of archaeological remains very difficult. Remote sensing offers a suitable chance to quantify and analyse this phenomenon, especially in those countries, from Southern America to Middle East, where the surveillance on site is not much effective and time consuming or non practicable due to military or political restrictions. In this paper we focus on the use of GeoEye and Google Earth imagery to quantitatively assess looting in Ventarron (Lambayeque, Peru) that is one of most important archaeological sites in Southern America. Multitemporal satellite images acquired for the study area have been processed by using both autocorrelation statistics and unsupervised classification to highlight and extract looting patterns. The mapping of areas affected by looting offered the opportunity to investigate such areas not previously systematically documented. Reference Lasaponara R.; Giovanni Leucci; Nicola Masini; Raffaele Persico 2014 ": Investigating archaeological looting using very high resolution satellite images and georadar: the experience in Lambayeque in North Peru JASC13-61R1 Cigna Francesca, Deodato Tapete, Rosa Lasaponara and Nicola Masini, 2013 Amplitude Change Detection with ENVISAT ASAR to Image the Cultural Landscape of the Nasca Region, Peru (pages 117-131). Archeological Prospection Article first published online: 21 MAY 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/arp.1451 Tapete Deodato, Francesca Cigna, Nicola Masini and Rosa Lasaponara 2013. Prospection and Monitoring of the Archaeological Heritage of Nasca, Peru, with ENVISAT ASAR Archeological Prospection (pages 133-147) Article first published online: 21 MAY 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/arp.1449 Lasaponara Rosa 2013: Geospatial analysis from space: Advanced approaches for data processing

  8. Atmospheric gravity waves in the Red Sea: a new hotspot

    KAUST Repository

    Magalhaes, J. M.

    2011-02-03

    The region of the Middle East around the Red Sea (between 32° E and 44° E longitude and 12° N and 28° N latitude) is a currently undocumented hotspot for atmospheric gravity waves (AGWs). Satellite imagery shows evidence that this region is prone to relatively high occurrence of AGWs compared to other areas in the world, and reveals the spatial characteristics of these waves. The favorable conditions for wave propagation in this region are illustrated with three typical cases of AGWs propagating in the lower troposphere over the sea. Using weakly nonlinear long wave theory and the observed characteristic wavelengths we obtain phase speeds which are consistent with those observed and typical for AGWs, with the Korteweg-de Vries theory performing slightly better than Benjamin-Davis-Acrivos-Ono theory as far as phase speeds are concerned. ERS-SAR and Envisat-ASAR satellite data analysis between 1993 and 2008 reveals signatures consistent with horizontally propagating large-scale internal waves. These signatures cover the entire Red Sea and are more frequently observed between April and September, although they also occur during the rest of the year. The region\\'s (seasonal) propagation conditions for AGWs, based upon average vertical atmospheric stratification profiles suggest that many of the signatures identified in the satellite images are atmospheric internal waves. © Author(s) 2011.

  9. Multi-Sensor Imaging and Space-Ground Cross-Validation for 2010 Flood along Indus River, Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sadiq I. Khan

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Flood monitoring was conducted using multi-sensor data from space-borne optical, and microwave sensors; with cross-validation by ground-based rain gauges and streamflow stations along the Indus River; Pakistan. First; the optical imagery from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS was processed to delineate the extent of the 2010 flood along Indus River; Pakistan. Moreover; the all-weather all-time capability of higher resolution imagery from the Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar (ASAR is used to monitor flooding in the lower Indus river basin. Then a proxy for river discharge from the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer (AMSR-E aboard NASA’s Aqua satellite and rainfall estimates from the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM are used to study streamflow time series and precipitation patterns. The AMSR-E detected water surface signal was cross-validated with ground-based river discharge observations at multiple streamflow stations along the main Indus River. A high correlation was found; as indicated by a Pearson correlation coefficient of above 0.8 for the discharge gauge stations located in the southwest of Indus River basin. It is concluded that remote-sensing data integrated from multispectral and microwave sensors could be used to supplement stream gauges in sparsely gauged large basins to monitor and detect floods.

  10. Monitoring of Land-Surface Deformation in the Karamay Oilfield, Xinjiang, China, Using SAR Interferometry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yusupujiang Aimaiti

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR interferometry is a technique that provides high-resolution measurements of the ground displacement associated with various geophysical processes. To investigate the land-surface deformation in Karamay, a typical oil-producing city in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, China, Advanced Land Observing Satellite (ALOS Phased Array L-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (PALSAR data were acquired for the period from 2007 to 2009, and a two-pass differential SAR interferometry (D-InSAR process was applied. The experimental results showed that two sites in the north-eastern part of the city exhibit a clear indication of land deformation. For a further evaluation of the D-InSAR result, the Persistent Scatterer (PS and Small Baseline Subset (SBAS-InSAR techniques were applied for 21 time series Environmental Satellite (ENVISAT C-band Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar (ASAR data from 2003 to 2010. The comparison between the D-InSAR and SBAS-InSAR measurements had better agreement than that from the PS-InSAR measurement. The maximum deformation rate attributed to subsurface water injection for the period from 2003 to 2010 was up to approximately 33 mm/year in the line of sight (LOS direction. The interferometric phase change from November 2007 to June 2010 showed a clear deformation pattern, and the rebound center has been expanding in scale and increasing in quantity.

  11. Flood Extent Mapping for Namibia Using Change Detection and Thresholding with SAR

    Science.gov (United States)

    Long, Stephanie; Fatoyinbo, Temilola E.; Policelli, Frederick

    2014-01-01

    A new method for flood detection change detection and thresholding (CDAT) was used with synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imagery to delineate the extent of flooding for the Chobe floodplain in the Caprivi region of Namibia. This region experiences annual seasonal flooding and has seen a recent renewal of severe flooding after a long dry period in the 1990s. Flooding in this area has caused loss of life and livelihoods for the surrounding communities and has caught the attention of disaster relief agencies. There is a need for flood extent mapping techniques that can be used to process images quickly, providing near real-time flooding information to relief agencies. ENVISAT/ASAR and Radarsat-2 images were acquired for several flooding seasons from February 2008 to March 2013. The CDAT method was used to determine flooding from these images and includes the use of image subtraction, decision based classification with threshold values, and segmentation of SAR images. The total extent of flooding determined for 2009, 2011 and 2012 was about 542 km2, 720 km2, and 673 km2 respectively. Pixels determined to be flooded in vegetation were typically flooding in vegetation was much greater (almost one third of the total flooded area). The time to maximum flooding for the 2013 flood season was determined to be about 27 days. Landsat water classification was used to compare the results from the new CDAT with SAR method; the results show good spatial agreement with Landsat scenes.

  12. Land subsidence in the Cerro Prieto Geothermal Field, 1 Baja California, Mexico, from 1994 to 2005. An integrated analysis of DInSAR, levelingand geological data.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sarychikhina, O; Glowacka, E; Mellors, R; Vidal, F S

    2011-03-03

    Cerro Prieto is the oldest and largest Mexican geothermal field in operation and has been producing electricity since 1973. The large amount of geothermal fluids extracted to supply steam to the power plants has resulted in considerable deformation in and around the field. The deformation includes land subsidence and related ground fissuring and faulting. These phenomena have produced severe damages to infrastructure such as roads, irrigation canals and other facilities. In this paper, the technique of Differential Synthetic Aperture Radar Interferometry (DInSAR) is applied using C-band ENVISAR ASAR data acquired between 2003 and 2006 to determine the extent and amount of land subsidence in the Mexicali Valley near Cerro Prieto Geothermal Field. The DInSAR results were compared with published data from precise leveling surveys (1994- 1997 and 1997-2006) and detailed geological information in order to improve the understanding of temporal and spatial distributions of anthropogenic subsidence in the Mexicali Valley. The leveling and DInSAR data were modeled to characterize the observed deformation in terms of fluid extraction. The results confirm that the tectonic faults control the spatial extent of the observed subsidence. These faults likely act as groundwater flow barriers for aquifers and reservoirs. The shape of the subsiding area coincides with the Cerro Prieto pull-apart basin. In addition, the spatial pattern of the subsidence as well as changes in rate are highly correlated with the development of the Cerro Prieto Geothermal Field.

  13. SAR Observation and Numerical Simulation of Internal Solitary Wave Refraction and Reconnection Behind the Dongsha Atoll

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jia, T.; Liang, J. J.; Li, X.-M.; Sha, J.

    2018-01-01

    The refraction and reconnection of internal solitary waves (ISWs) around the Dongsha Atoll (DSA) in the northern South China Sea (SCS) are investigated based on spaceborne synthetic aperture radar (SAR) observations and numerical simulations. In general, a long ISW front propagating from the deep basin of the northern SCS splits into northern and southern branches when it passes the DSA. In this study, the statistics of Envisat Advanced SAR (ASAR) images show that the northern and southern wave branches can reconnect behind the DSA, but the reconnection location varies. A previously developed nonlinear refraction model is set up to simulate the refraction and reconnection of the ISWs behind the DSA, and the model is used to evaluate the effects of ocean stratification, background currents, and incoming ISW characteristics at the DSA on the variation in reconnection locations. The results of the first realistic simulation agree with consecutive TerraSAR-X (TSX) images captured within 12 h of each other. Further sensitivity simulations show that ocean stratification, background currents, and initial wave amplitudes all affect the phase speeds of wave branches and therefore shift their reconnection locations while shapes and locations of incoming wave branches upstream of the DSA profoundly influence the subsequent propagation paths. This study clarifies the variation in reconnection locations of ISWs downstream of the DSA and reveals the important mechanisms governing the reconnection process, which can improve our understanding of the propagation of ISWs near the DSA.

  14. Spatio-temporal evolution of aseismic ground deformation in the Mexicali Valley (Baja California, Mexico from 1993 to 2010, using differential SAR interferometry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. Sarychikhina

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Ground deformation in Mexicali Valley, Baja California, Mexico, the southern part of the Mexicali-Imperial valley, is influenced by active tectonics and human activity, mainly that of geothermal fluid extraction in the Cerro Prieto Geothermal Field. Significant ground deformation, mainly subsidence (~ 18 cm yr−1, and related ground fissures cause severe damage to local infrastructure. The technique of Differential Synthetic Aperture Radar Interferometry (DInSAR has been demonstrated to be a very effective remote sensing tool for accurately measuring the spatial and temporal evolution of ground displacements over broad areas. In present study ERS-1/2 SAR and ENVISAT ASAR images acquired between 1993 and 2010 were used to perform a historical analysis of aseismic ground deformation in Mexicali Valley, in an attempt to evaluate its spatio-temporal evolution and improve the understanding of its dynamic. For this purpose, the conventional 2-pass DInSAR was used to generate interferograms which were used in stacking procedure to produce maps of annual aseismic ground deformation rates for different periods. Differential interferograms that included strong co-seismic deformation signals were not included in the stacking and analysis. The changes in the ground deformation pattern and rate were identified. The main changes occur between 2000 and 2005 and include increasing deformation rate in the recharge zone and decreasing deformation rate in the western part of the CPGF production zone. We suggested that these changes are mainly caused by production development in the Cerro Prieto Geothermal Field.

  15. Forest biomass observation: current state and prospective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. G. Schepaschenko

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available With this article, we provide an overview of the methods, instruments and initiatives for forest biomass observation at global scale. We focus on the freely available information, provided by both remote and in-situ observations. The advantages and limitation of various space borne methods, including optical, radar (C, L and P band and LiDAR, as well as respective instruments available on the orbit (MODIS, Proba-V, Landsat, Sentinel-1, Sentinel-2 , ALOS PALSAR, Envisat ASAR or expecting (BIOMASS, GEDI, NISAR, SAOCOM-CS are discussed. We emphasize the role of in-situ methods in the development of a biomass models, providing calibration and validation of remote sensing data. We focus on freely available forest biomass maps, databases and empirical models. We describe the functionality of Biomass.Geo-Wiki.org portal, which provides access to a collection of global and regional biomass maps in full resolution with unified legend and units overplayed with high-resolution imagery. The Forest-Observation-System.net is announced as an international cooperation to establish a global in-situ forest biomass database to support earth observation and to encourage investment in relevant field-based observations and science. Prospects of unmanned aerial vehicles in the forest inventory are briefly discussed. The work was partly supported by ESA IFBN project (contract 4000114425/15/NL/FF/gp.

  16. Realistic modeling of the biological channel for the design of implantable wireless UWB communication systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahrami, Hadi; Gosselin, Benoit; Rusch, Leslie A

    2012-01-01

    Several emerging medical applications require that a miniature data acquisition device be implanted into the head to extract and wirelessly communicate brain activity to other devices. Designing a reliable communication link for such an application requires a realistic model of the surrounding biological tissues. This paper exploits a realistic model of the biological channel to design a suitable wireless ultra wideband communication link in a brain monitoring application. Two scenarios for positioning the implanted transmitting antenna are considered. The 1(st) scenario places the antenna under the skull, whereas the 2(nd) scenario places the antenna under the skin, above the skull. The propagation characteristics of the signal through the tissues of the human head have been determined with full-wave electromagnetic simulation based on Finite Element Method. The implantable antenna and the external antenna are key components to establish an electromagnetic link between an implanted transmitter and an external receiver. The average specific absorption rate (ASAR) of the implantable antennas are evaluated and compared for the two proposed scenarios. Moreover, the maximum available power from the implanted antenna is evaluated to characterize the performance of the communication link established between the implantable antenna and the external antenna, with respect to spectrum and safety regulations. We show how sensitive the receiver must be in order to implement a reliable telemetry link based on the proposed model of the channel.

  17. Using Satellite SAR to Characterize the Wind Flow around Offshore Wind Farms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charlotte Bay Hasager

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Offshore wind farm cluster effects between neighboring wind farms increase rapidly with the large-scale deployment of offshore wind turbines. The wind farm wakes observed from Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR are sometimes visible and atmospheric and wake models are here shown to convincingly reproduce the observed very long wind farm wakes. The present study mainly focuses on wind farm wake climatology based on Envisat ASAR. The available SAR data archive covering the large offshore wind farms at Horns Rev has been used for geo-located wind farm wake studies. However, the results are difficult to interpret due to mainly three issues: the limited number of samples per wind directional sector, the coastal wind speed gradient, and oceanic bathymetry effects in the SAR retrievals. A new methodology is developed and presented. This method overcomes effectively the first issue and in most cases, but not always, the second. In the new method all wind field maps are rotated such that the wind is always coming from the same relative direction. By applying the new method to the SAR wind maps, mesoscale and microscale model wake aggregated wind-fields results are compared. The SAR-based findings strongly support the model results at Horns Rev 1.

  18. Broadscale postseismic deformation and lower crustal relaxation in the central Bayankala Block (central Tibetan Plateau) observed using InSAR data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Dezheng; Qu, Chunyan; Shan, Xinjian; Zuo, Ronghu; Liu, Yunhua; Gong, Wenyu; Zhang, Guohong

    2018-04-01

    We have generated a more than 500 km long postseismic deformation rate map and cumulative displacement time series in the central Bayankala Block of the Tibetan Plateau using ENVISAT/ASAR data from 2003 to 2010 by the π-RATE stacking algorithm. This rate map spans a period of ∼7.2 years and reveals that postseismic motion of 2001 Kokoxili earthquake exhibits a striking signal, dominating crustal deformation of the central Bayankala Block with a cross-fault magnitude ∼9-11 mm/yr in line of sight (LOS) (∼93.1°E). The southern and northern parts of the postseismic deformation field exhibit different patterns and variable magnitudes, reflecting asymmetry of the displacement distribution. Postseismic motion affects eastward extrusion of the central Bayankala Block, which reaches ∼15 km north of the Ganzi-Yushu fault. To further investigate viscoelastic relaxation of the lower crust in this area after approximately two years, E-M, E-M-M and E-S models are constructed. The result shows that the best fit viscosity for the lower crust is about 1 × 1019 Pa·s. Comparison between cumulative displacements resolved by these three models shows that viscoelastic relaxation of the lower crust makes the most significant contribution to postseismic stress relaxation after 2001 event.

  19. Best Accuracy Land Use/Land Cover (LULC Classification to Derive Crop Types Using Multitemporal, Multisensor, and Multi-Polarization SAR Satellite Images

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christoph Hütt

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available When using microwave remote sensing for land use/land cover (LULC classifications, there are a wide variety of imaging parameters to choose from, such as wavelength, imaging mode, incidence angle, spatial resolution, and coverage. There is still a need for further study of the combination, comparison, and quantification of the potential of multiple diverse radar images for LULC classifications. Our study site, the Qixing farm in Heilongjiang province, China, is especially suitable to demonstrate this. As in most rice growing regions, there is a high cloud cover during the growing season, making LULC from optical images unreliable. From the study year 2009, we obtained nine TerraSAR-X, two Radarsat-2, one Envisat-ASAR, and an optical FORMOSAT-2 image, which is mainly used for comparison, but also for a combination. To evaluate the potential of the input images and derive LULC with the highest possible precision, two classifiers were used: the well-established Maximum Likelihood classifier, which was optimized to find those input bands, yielding the highest precision, and the random forest classifier. The resulting highly accurate LULC-maps for the whole farm with a spatial resolution as high as 8 m demonstrate the beneficial use of a combination of x- and c-band microwave data, the potential of multitemporal very high resolution multi-polarization TerraSAR-X data, and the profitable integration and comparison of microwave and optical remote sensing images for LULC classifications.

  20. Application of Persistent Scatterer Interferometry (PSI) in monitoring slope movements in Nainital, Uttarakhand Lesser Himalaya, India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yhokha, Akano; Goswami, Pradeep K.; Chang, Chung-Pai; Yen, Jiun-Yee; Ching, Kuo-En; Aruche, K. Manini

    2018-02-01

    Orogenic movements and sub-tropical climate have rendered the slopes of the Himalayan region intensely deformed and weathered. As a result, the incidences of slope failure are quite common all along the Himalayan region. The Lesser Himalayan terrane is particularly vulnerable to mass-movements owing to geological fragility, and many parts of it are bearing a high-risk of associated disaster owing to the high population density. An important step towards mitigation of such disasters is the monitoring of slope movement. Towards this, the Persistent Scatterer Interferometry (PSI) technique can be applied. In the present study, the PSI technique is employed in Lesser Himalayan town of Nainital in Uttarakhand state of India to decipher and monitor slope movements. A total of 15 multi-date ENVISAT ASAR satellite images, acquired during August 2008 to August 2010 period, were subjected to PSI, which revealed a continuous creep movement along the hillslopes located towards the eastern side of the Nainital lake. The higher reaches of the hill seem to be experiencing accelerated creep of {˜ }21 mm/year, which decreases downslope to {˜ }5 mm/year. Based on spatial pattern of varying PSI Mean LOS Velocity (MLV) values, high (H), moderate (M), low (L) and very low (S) creeping zones have been delineated in the hillslopes. Given the long history of mass movements and continuously increasing anthropogenic activities in Nainital, these results call for immediate measures to avert any future disaster in the town.

  1. Mining collapse monitoring with SAR imagery data: a case study of Datong mine, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Chaoying; Lu, Zhong; Zhang, Qin; Yang, Chengsheng; Zhu, Wu

    2014-01-01

    A mining-induced collapse is often characterized by large deformation gradient, spatial discontinuity, and temporal nonlinearity, resulting in the loss of interferometric SAR (InSAR) coherence and consequently subsidence information in areas of steep deformation gradients. In this study, we present different SAR deformation monitoring schemes to map the mining-induced subsidence and collapse. First, SAR data with different wavelengths, including C-band ERS-1, C-band Envisat ASAR, and X-band TerraSAR-X data, are used to highlight three mining subsidence stages and their temporal evolutions over Datong mine (China) in the past 20 years. Mining-induced subsidence over a region can be delimited from InSAR deformation maps, where InSAR coherence is lost over the area of peak subsidence. Second, in order to monitor the large-gradient surface deformation caused by underground mining activities, three SAR deformation monitoring schemes are proposed, including a full-resolution interferogram method, a "remove-restore" phase unwrapping method, and a fusion of phase and offset measurements. Then, taking the Datong coalfield as an example, we demonstrate the capabilities of these methods on mapping large-gradient deformation. Finally, we have found that over 80% of coalfields have deformed during the past 20 years. We conclude that the fusion of the InSAR phase and offset measurements can provide a reliable estimate of large-gradient mining-induced deformation.

  2. Neural network emulation of the integral equation model with multiple scattering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pulvirenti, Luca; Ticconi, Francesca; Pierdicca, Nazzareno

    2009-01-01

    The Integral Equation Model with multiple scattering (IEMM) represents a well-established method that provides a theoretical framework for the scattering of electromagnetic waves from rough surfaces. A critical aspect is the long computational time required to run such a complex model. To deal with this problem, a neural network technique is proposed in this work. In particular, we have adopted neural networks to reproduce the backscattering coefficients predicted by IEMM at L- and C-bands, thus making reference to presently operative satellite radar sensors, i.e., that aboard ERS-2, ASAR on board ENVISAT (C-band), and PALSAR aboard ALOS (L-band). The neural network-based model has been designed for radar observations of both flat and tilted surfaces, in order to make it applicable for hilly terrains too. The assessment of the proposed approach has been carried out by comparing neural network-derived backscattering coefficients with IEMM-derived ones. Different databases with respect to those employed to train the networks have been used for this purpose. The outcomes seem to prove the feasibility of relying on a neural network approach to efficiently and reliably approximate an electromagnetic model of surface scattering.

  3. A Correlation-Based Joint CFAR Detector Using Adaptively-Truncated Statistics in SAR Imagery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ai, Jiaqiu; Yang, Xuezhi; Zhou, Fang; Dong, Zhangyu; Jia, Lu; Yan, He

    2017-03-27

    Traditional constant false alarm rate (CFAR) detectors only use the contrast information between ship targets and clutter, and they suffer probability of detection (PD) degradation in multiple target situations. This paper proposes a correlation-based joint CFAR detector using adaptively-truncated statistics (hereafter called TS-2DLNCFAR) in SAR images. The proposed joint CFAR detector exploits the gray intensity correlation characteristics by building a two-dimensional (2D) joint log-normal model as the joint distribution (JPDF) of the clutter, so joint CFAR detection is realized. Inspired by the CFAR detection methodology, we design an adaptive threshold-based clutter truncation method to eliminate the high-intensity outliers, such as interfering ship targets, side-lobes, and ghosts in the background window, whereas the real clutter samples are preserved to the largest degree. A 2D joint log-normal model is accurately built using the adaptively-truncated clutter through simple parameter estimation, so the joint CFAR detection performance is greatly improved. Compared with traditional CFAR detectors, the proposed TS-2DLNCFAR detector achieves a high PD and a low false alarm rate (FAR) in multiple target situations. The superiority of the proposed TS-2DLNCFAR detector is validated on the multi-look Envisat-ASAR and TerraSAR-X data.

  4. Flood monitoring in a semi-arid environment using spatially high resolution radar and optical data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seiler, Ralf; Schmidt, Jana; Diallo, Ousmane; Csaplovics, Elmar

    2009-05-01

    The geographic term "Niger Inland Delta" stands for a vast plain of approximately 40,000 km(2), which is situated in the western Sahel (Republic of Mali). The Inland Delta is affected by yearly inundation through the variable water levels of the Niger-Bani river system. Due to a good availability of (surface) water, the ecosystem at the Niger Inland Delta serves as resting place stop-over for many migrating birds and other wildlife species as well as economic base for farmers and pastoral people. To foster the sustainable usage of its natural resources and to protect this natural heritage, the entire Niger Inland Delta became RAMSAR site in 2004. This paper aims to test to which extent texture analysis can improve the quality of flood monitoring in a semi-arid environment using spatially high resolution ASAR imaging mode data. We found the Gray Level Dependence Method (GLDM) was most suitable proceeding for our data. Several statistical parameters were calculated via co-occurrence matrices and were used to classify the images in different gradation of soil moisture classes. In a second step we used additional information from spatially high resolution optical data (ASTER) to improve the separability of open water areas from moisture/vegetated areas.

  5. A Robust and Multi-Weighted Approach to Estimating Topographically Correlated Tropospheric Delays in Radar Interferograms

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    Bangyan Zhu

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Spatial and temporal variations in the vertical stratification of the troposphere introduce significant propagation delays in interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR observations. Observations of small amplitude surface deformations and regional subsidence rates are plagued by tropospheric delays, and strongly correlated with topographic height variations. Phase-based tropospheric correction techniques assuming a linear relationship between interferometric phase and topography have been exploited and developed, with mixed success. Producing robust estimates of tropospheric phase delay however plays a critical role in increasing the accuracy of InSAR measurements. Meanwhile, few phase-based correction methods account for the spatially variable tropospheric delay over lager study regions. Here, we present a robust and multi-weighted approach to estimate the correlation between phase and topography that is relatively insensitive to confounding processes such as regional subsidence over larger regions as well as under varying tropospheric conditions. An expanded form of robust least squares is introduced to estimate the spatially variable correlation between phase and topography by splitting the interferograms into multiple blocks. Within each block, correlation is robustly estimated from the band-filtered phase and topography. Phase-elevation ratios are multiply- weighted and extrapolated to each persistent scatter (PS pixel. We applied the proposed method to Envisat ASAR images over the Southern California area, USA, and found that our method mitigated the atmospheric noise better than the conventional phase-based method. The corrected ground surface deformation agreed better with those measured from GPS.

  6. Different scale land subsidence and ground fissure monitoring with multiple InSAR techniques over Fenwei basin, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Zhao

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Fenwei basin, China, composed by several sub-basins, has been suffering severe geo-hazards in last 60 years, including large scale land subsidence and small scale ground fissure, which caused serious infrastructure damages and property losses. In this paper, we apply different InSAR techniques with different SAR data to monitor these hazards. Firstly, combined small baseline subset (SBAS InSAR method and persistent scatterers (PS InSAR method is used to multi-track Envisat ASAR data to retrieve the large scale land subsidence covering entire Fenwei basin, from which different land subsidence magnitudes are analyzed of different sub-basins. Secondly, PS-InSAR method is used to monitor the small scale ground fissure deformation in Yuncheng basin, where different spatial deformation gradient can be clearly discovered. Lastly, different track SAR data are contributed to retrieve two-dimensional deformation in both land subsidence and ground fissure region, Xi'an, China, which can be benefitial to explain the occurrence of ground fissure and the correlation between land subsidence and ground fissure.

  7. SAR wind retrieval: from Singlecore to Multicore and GPU computing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Myasoedov, Alexander; Monzikova, Anna

    The large spatial coverage and high resolution of spaceborne synthetic aperture radars (SAR) offers a unique opportunity to derive mesoscale wind fields over the ocean surface, providing high resolution wind fields near the shore. On the other hand, due to the large size of SAR images their processing might be a headache when dealing with operational tasks or doing long-period statistical analysis. Algorithms for satellite image processing often offer many possibilities for parallelism (e.g., pixel-by-pixel processing) which makes them good candidates for execution on high-performance parallel computing hardware such as Multicore CPUs and modern graphic processing units (GPUs). In this study we implement different SAR wind speed retrieval algorithms (e.g. CMOD4, CMOD5) for Singlecore and Multicore systems, including GPUs. For this purpose both serial and parallelized versions of CMOD algorithms were written in Matlab, Python, CPython and PyOpenCL. We apply these algorithms to an Envisat ASAR image, compare the results received with different versions of the algorithms executed on both Intel CPU and a Tesla GPU. As a result of our experiments we not only show the up to 400 times speedup of GPU comparing to CPU but also try to give some advises on how much time we have spent and efforts were made for writing the same algorithm using different programming languages. We hope that our experience will help other scientist to achieve all the goodness from the GPU/Multicore computing.

  8. Applicability of Synthetic Aperture Radar Wind Retrievals on Offshore Wind Resources Assessment in Hangzhou Bay, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rui Chang

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available In view of the high cost and sparse spatial resolution of offshore meteorological observations, ocean winds retrieved from satellites are valuable in offshore wind resource assessment as a supplement to in situ measurements. This study examines satellite synthetic aperture radar (SAR images from ENVISAT advanced SAR (ASAR for mapping wind resources with high spatial resolution. Around 181 collected pairs of wind data from SAR wind maps and from 13 meteorological stations in Hangzhou Bay are compared. The statistical results comparing in situ wind speed and SAR-based wind speed show a standard deviation (SD of 1.99 m/s and correlation coefficient of R = 0.67. The model wind directions, which are used as input for the SAR wind speed retrieval, show a high correlation coefficient (R = 0.89 but a large standard deviation (SD = 42.3° compared to in situ observations. The Weibull probability density functions are compared at one meteorological station. The SAR-based results appear not to estimate the mean wind speed, Weibull scale and shape parameters and wind power density from the full in situ data set so well due to the lower number of satellite samples. Distributions calculated from the concurrent 81 SAR and in situ samples agree well.

  9. Mapping Terrain Deformations after the 20th and 27th December 2007 Bala (Ankara, Turkey) Earthquakes with SAR Interferometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niemiec, Magdalena; Perski, Zbigniew; Borkowski, Andrzej

    2010-03-01

    Turkey is one of the most seismically active region of the Earth due to the fact that it is located on the Anatolian tectonic plate, in the transpression zone between Arabian and Eurasian plates. Continuous seismic observations in the region of Ankara confirmed permanent quakes occurrences, especially in Bala district.The aim of this study is to investigate possible terrain de- formation after earthquakes with magnitude 5.6 and 5.5 and following aftershocks which occurred in Bala region on December 20 and 27, 2007. The series of 10 ASAR Envisat images with the temporal baseline of 35 days was used for the verification of seismic and geological hypothesis and measurements. Coherence maps and interferograms were processed using DORIS (Delft Object- Oriented Radar Interferometric Software). The objective of our research was to use interferometric products like SAR inteferograms and coherence maps for the tectonical interpretation of Bala earthquakes in terms of local surface deformations. Unfortunately, due to the low coherence the interferometric products were hard to be interpreted and no deformation signal was identified. Possible causes of poor results are discussed.

  10. Monitoring of Large Scale Volcanic Deformations in the Andes Using Geodetic Time Series (DInSAR, GPS and Microgravity)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Remy, D.; Froger, J. L.; Bonvalot, S.; Gabalda, G.; Albino, F.; Byrdina, S.

    2010-03-01

    Lastarria (25°10'S, 68°31'W, 5706 m) and Cordon del Azufre (25°18'S, 68°33'W, 5480 m) are part of a broad polygenic quaternary volcanic complex lying on the Altiplano, on the border of Chile and Argentina. This large scale volcanic area attracted particular attention in recent years because of its relatively intense unrest characterised by a peculiar style of on-going ground deformation, apparently begun in 1998. Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) data collected between 1998 and 2009 revealed two scales of inflation: a large elliptical area (50 km NNE- SSW major axis and a 40 minor axis), which has been inflating at a rate of around 3 cm.yr-1; and a short wavelength inflation (6 km wide), which is located at Lastarria volcano on the northern margin of the large elliptical area. The temporal evolution of these two distinct inflating signals suggests that they could be linked. The origin of this inflation period is still debated and various source mechanisms have been proposed to explain the observed deformation. Here, we present new observations of surface deformation in the Lastarria-Cordon del Azufre complex based on InSAR, levelling global positioning system (GPS), and microgravity data. Ascending and descending ASAR interferograms are combined to determine vertical and the EW horizontal component of displacement. Geodetic data are discussed from the standpoint of providing better constraints to understand the mechanics of the observed process at the volcanic complex.

  11. S-MODALS neural network query of medical and forensic imagery databases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rainey, Timothy G.; Brettle, Dean W.; Lavin, Andrew; Weingard, Fred; Henschke, Claudia I.; Yankelevitz, David; Mateescu, Ioan; Uvanni, Lee A.; Sibert, Robert W.; Birnbaum, Eric

    1995-01-01

    A dual-use neural network technology, called the statistical-multiple object detection and location system (S-MODALS), has been developed by Booz(DOT)Allen & Hamilton, Inc. over a five year period, funded by various U.S. Air Force organizations for automatic target recognition (ATR). S-MODALS performs multi-sensor fusion (Visible(EO), IR, ASARS) and multi-look evidence accrual for tactical and strategic reconnaissance. This paper presents the promising findings of applying S-MODALS to the medical field of lung cancer and the S- MODALS investigation into the intelligent database query of the FBI's ballistic forensic imagery. Since S-MODALS is a learning system, it is readily adaptable to object recognition problems other than ATR as evidenced by this joint government-academia-industry investigation into the S-MODALS automated lung nodule detection and characterization of CT imagery. This paper also presents the full results of a FBI test of the S-MODALS neural network's capabilities to perform an intelligent query of the FBI's ballistic forensic imagery.

  12. Mapping Changes and Damages in Areas of Conflict: From Archive C-Band SAR Data to New HR X-Band Imagery, Towards the Sentinels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tapete, Deodato; Cigna, Francesca; Donoghue, Daniel N. M.; Philip, Graham

    2015-05-01

    On the turn of radar space science with the recent launch of Sentinel-1A, we investigate how to better exploit the opportunities offered by large C-band SAR archives and increasing datasets of HR to VHR X-band data, to map changes and damages in urban and rural areas affected by conflicts. We implement a dual approach coupling multi-interferogram processing and amplitude change detection, to assess the impact of the recent civil war on the city of Homs, Western Syria, and the surrounding semi-arid landscape. More than 280,000 coherent pixels are retrieved from Small BAseline Subset (SBAS) processing of the 8year-long ENVISAT ASAR IS2 archive, to quantify land subsidence due to pre-war water abstraction in rural areas. Damages in Homs are detected by analysing the changes of SAR backscattering (σ0), comparing 3m-resolution StripMap TerraSAR-X pairs from 2009 to 2014. Pre-war alteration is differentiated from war-related damages via operator-driven interpretation of the σ0 patterns.

  13. Self-similar distribution of oil spills in European coastal waters

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Redondo, Jose M; Platonov, Alexei K [Departament de Fisica Aplicada, Universidad Politecnica de Catalunya C/ J G Salgado s/n, Campus Nord, Modul B-4, E-08034, Barcelona (Spain)], E-mail: redondo@fa.upc.es

    2009-01-15

    Marine pollution has been highlighted thanks to the advances in detection techniques as well as increasing coverage of catastrophes (e.g. the oil tankers Amoco Cadiz, Exxon Valdez, Erika, and Prestige) and of smaller oil spills from ships. The new satellite based sensors SAR and ASAR and new methods of oil spill detection and analysis coupled with self-similar statistical techniques allow surveys of environmental pollution monitoring large areas of the ocean. We present a statistical analysis of more than 700 SAR images obtained during 1996-2000, also comparing the detected small pollution events with the historical databases of great marine accidents during 1966-2004 in European coastal waters. We show that the statistical distribution of the number of oil spills as a function of their size corresponds to Zipf's law, and that the common small spills are comparable to the large accidents due to the high frequency of the smaller pollution events. Marine pollution from tankers and ships, which has been detected as oil spills between 0.01 and 100 km{sup 2}, follows the marine transit routes. Multi-fractal methods are used to distinguish between natural slicks and spills, in order to estimate the oil spill index in European coastal waters, and in particular, the north-western Mediterranean Sea, which, due to the influence of local winds, shows optimal conditions for oil spill detection.

  14. The Use of C-/X-Band Time-Gapped SAR Data and Geotechnical Models for the Study of Shanghai’s Ocean-Reclaimed Lands through the SBAS-DInSAR Technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Pepe

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available In this work, we investigate the temporal evolution of ground deformation affecting the ocean-reclaimed lands of the Shanghai (China megacity, from 2007 to 2016, by applying the Differential Synthetic Aperture Radar Interferometry (DInSAR technique known as the Small BAseline Subset (SBAS algorithm. For the analysis, we exploited two sets of non-time-overlapped synthetic aperture radar (SAR data, acquired from 2007 to 2010, by the ASAR/ENVISAT (C-band instrument, and from 2014 to 2016 by the X-band COSMO-SkyMed (CSK sensors. The long time gap (of about three years existing between the available C- and X-band datasets made the generation of unique displacement time-series more difficult. Nonetheless, this problem was successfully solved by benefiting from knowledge of time-dependent geotechnical models, which describe the temporal evolution of the expected deformation affecting Shanghai’s ocean-reclaimed platforms. The combined ENVISAT/CSK (vertical deformation time-series were analyzed to gain insight into the future evolution of displacement signals within the investigated area. As an outcome, we find that ocean-reclaimed lands in Shanghai experienced, between 2007 and 2016, average cumulative (vertical displacements extending down to 25 centimeters.

  15. Co-eruptive subsidence and post-eruptive uplift associated with the 2011-2012 eruption of Puyehue-Cordón Caulle, Chile, revealed by DInSAR

    Science.gov (United States)

    Euillades, Pablo Andrés; Euillades, Leonardo Daniel; Blanco, Mauro Hugo; Velez, María Laura; Grosse, Pablo; Sosa, Gustavo Javier

    2017-09-01

    The 2011-2012 eruption of the Puyehue-Cordón Caulle volcanic complex, southern Andes (Chile), was associated with complex surface deformation affecting an area of roughly 50 by 50 km. We report here differential SAR interferometry (DInSAR) results of pre-, co- and post-eruptive deformation from ENVISAT ASAR, COSMO-Skymed, and ALOS-2/PALSAR scenes acquired between early 2011 and early 2017. No clear pre-eruptive deformation is observed during five months before the eruption, although some patterns could be interpreted as showing inflation occurring between April and May 2011. Co-eruptive interferograms show a complex deformation pattern consisting in a major deflation lobe (120 cm LOS lengthening) centered 10 km NW of the eruption vent accompanied by smaller uplift and subsidence regions in the vicinity of the vent. Re-inflation began immediately after the end of the eruption. A first pulse lasted 3 years between 2012 and 2015, accumulating 70 cm uplift. We detect here a second pulse, beginning in June 2016 and still ongoing in February 2017, reaching 12 cm in half a year. Inverse modeling with spherical cavity and spheroidal sources locates re-inflation sources at a depth ranging between 8 and 11 km under the surface. It suggests re-filling of the reservoir occurring after the draining of a shallow magma chamber during the 2011-2012 eruption.

  16. Investigating the Impacts of Landuse-landcover (LULC Change in the Pearl River Delta Region on Water Quality in the Pearl River Estuary and Hong Kong’s Coast

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    Hongyan Xi

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Water quality information in the coastal region of Hong Kong and the Pearl River Estuary (PRE is of great concern to the local community. Due to great landuse-landcover (LULC changes with rapid industrialization and urbanization in the Pearl River Delta (PRD region, water quality in the PRE has worsened during the last 20 years. Frequent red tide and harmful algal blooms have occurred in the estuary and its adjacent coastal waters since the 1980s and have caused important economic losses, also possibly threatening to the coastal environment, fishery, and public health in Hong Kong. In addition, recent literature shows that water nutrients in Victoria Harbor of Hong Kong have been proven to be strongly influenced by both the Pearl River and sewage effluent in the wet season (May to September, but it is still unclear how the PRE diluted water intrudes into Victoria Harbor. Due to the cloudy and rainy conditions in the wet season in Hong Kong, ASAR images will be used to monitor the PRE river plumes and track the intruding routes of PRE water nutrients. In this paper, we first review LULC change in the PRD and then show our preliminary results to analyze water quality spatial and temporal information from remote observations with different sensors in the coastal region and estuary. The study will also emphasizes on time series of analysis of LULC trends related to annual sediment yields and critical source areas of erosion for the PRD region since the 1980s.

  17. Xurography as a Rapid Fabrication Alternative for Point-of-Care Devices: Assessment of Passive Micromixers

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    J. Israel Martínez-López

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Despite the copious amount of research on the design and operation of micromixers, there are few works regarding manufacture technology aimed at implementation beyond academic environments. This work evaluates the viability of xurography as a rapid fabrication tool for the development of ultra-low cost microfluidic technology for extreme Point-of-Care (POC micromixing devices. By eschewing photolithographic processes and the bulkiness of pumping and enclosure systems for rapid fabrication and passively driven operation, xurography is introduced as a manufacturing alternative for asymmetric split and recombine (ASAR micromixers. A T-micromixer design was used as a reference to assess the effects of different cutting conditions and materials on the geometric features of the resulting microdevices. Inspection by stereographic and confocal microscopy showed that it is possible to manufacture devices with less than 8% absolute dimensional error. Implementation of the manufacturing methodology in modified circular shape- based SAR microdevices (balanced and unbalanced configurations showed that, despite the precision limitations of the xurographic process, it is possible to implement this methodology to produce functional micromixing devices. Mixing efficiency was evaluated numerically and experimentally at the outlet of the microdevices with performances up to 40%. Overall, the assessment encourages further research of xurography for the development of POC micromixers.

  18. Self-similar distribution of oil spills in European coastal waters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Redondo, Jose M; Platonov, Alexei K

    2009-01-01

    Marine pollution has been highlighted thanks to the advances in detection techniques as well as increasing coverage of catastrophes (e.g. the oil tankers Amoco Cadiz, Exxon Valdez, Erika, and Prestige) and of smaller oil spills from ships. The new satellite based sensors SAR and ASAR and new methods of oil spill detection and analysis coupled with self-similar statistical techniques allow surveys of environmental pollution monitoring large areas of the ocean. We present a statistical analysis of more than 700 SAR images obtained during 1996-2000, also comparing the detected small pollution events with the historical databases of great marine accidents during 1966-2004 in European coastal waters. We show that the statistical distribution of the number of oil spills as a function of their size corresponds to Zipf's law, and that the common small spills are comparable to the large accidents due to the high frequency of the smaller pollution events. Marine pollution from tankers and ships, which has been detected as oil spills between 0.01 and 100 km 2 , follows the marine transit routes. Multi-fractal methods are used to distinguish between natural slicks and spills, in order to estimate the oil spill index in European coastal waters, and in particular, the north-western Mediterranean Sea, which, due to the influence of local winds, shows optimal conditions for oil spill detection.

  19. Spatio-Temporal Characterization of a Reclamation Settlement in the Shanghai Coastal Area with Time Series Analyses of X-, C-, and L-Band SAR Datasets

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    Mengshi Yang

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available Large-scale reclamation projects during the past decades have been recognized as one of the driving factors behind land subsidence in coastal areas. However, the pattern of temporal evolution in reclamation settlements has rarely been analyzed. In this work, we study the spatio-temporal evolution pattern of Linggang New City (LNC in Shanghai, China, using space-borne synthetic aperture radar interferometry (InSAR methods. Three data stacks including 11 X-band TerraSAR-X, 20 L-band ALOS PALSAR, and 35 C-band ENVISAT ASAR images were used to retrieve time series deformation from 2007 to 2010 in the LNC. An InSAR analysis from the three data stacks displays strong agreement in mean deformation rates, with coefficients of determination of about 0.9 and standard deviations for inter-stack differences of less than 4 mm/y. Meanwhile, validations with leveling data indicate that all the three data stacks achieved millimeter-level accuracies. The spatial distribution and temporal evolution of deformation in the LNC as indicated by these InSAR analysis results relates to historical reclamation activities, geological features, and soil mechanisms. This research shows that ground deformation in the LNC after reclamation projects experienced three distinct phases: primary consolidation, a slight rebound, and plateau periods.

  20. A New Perspective on Fault Geometry and Slip Distribution of the 2009 Dachaidan Mw 6.3 Earthquake from InSAR Observations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yang; Xu, Caijun; Wen, Yangmao; Fok, Hok Sum

    2015-07-10

    On 28 August 2009, the northern margin of the Qaidam basin in the Tibet Plateau was ruptured by an Mw 6.3 earthquake. This study utilizes the Envisat ASAR images from descending Track 319 and ascending Track 455 for capturing the coseismic deformation resulting from this event, indicating that the earthquake fault rupture does not reach to the earth's surface. We then propose a four-segmented fault model to investigate the coseismic deformation by determining the fault parameters, followed by inverting slip distribution. The preferred fault model shows that the rupture depths for all four fault planes mainly range from 2.0 km to 7.5 km, comparatively shallower than previous results up to ~13 km, and that the slip distribution on the fault plane is complex, exhibiting three slip peaks with a maximum of 2.44 m at a depth between 4.1 km and 4.9 km. The inverted geodetic moment is 3.85 × 10(18) Nm (Mw 6.36). The 2009 event may rupture from the northwest to the southeast unilaterally, reaching the maximum at the central segment.

  1. Seven years of postseismic deformation following the 2003 Mw = 6.8 Zemmouri earthquake (Algeria) from InSAR time series

    KAUST Repository

    Cetin, Esra

    2012-05-28

    We study the postseismic surface deformation of the Mw 6.8, 2003 Zemmouri earthquake (northern Algeria) using the Multi-Temporal Small Baseline InSAR technique. InSAR time series obtained from 31 Envisat ASAR images from 2003 to 2010 reveal sub-cm coastline ground movements between Cap Matifou and Dellys. Two regions display subsidence at a maximum rate of 2 mm/yr in Cap Djenet and 3.5 mm/yr in Boumerdes. These regions correlate well with areas of maximum coseismic uplifts, and their association with two rupture segments. Inverse modeling suggest that subsidence in the areas of high coseismic uplift can be explained by afterslip on shallow sections (<5 km) of the fault above the areas of coseismic slip, in agreement with previous GPS observations. The earthquake impact on soft sediments and the ground water table southwest of the earthquake area, characterizes ground deformation of non-tectonic origin. The cumulative postseismic moment due to 7 years afterslip is equivalent to an Mw 6.3 earthquake. Therefore, the postseismic deformation and stress buildup has significant implications on the earthquake cycle models and recurrence intervals of large earthquakes in the Algiers area.

  2. PENGARUH KEPEMIMPINAN SENIOR, TATA KELOLA DAN TANGGUNG JAWAB SOSIAL TERHADAP KINERJA KEPALA RUANG RAWAT INAP RUMAH SAKIT KARYA BHAKTI KOTA BOGOR TAHUN 2008

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    Adila Kasni Astiena

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh Kepemimpinan Senior, Tata Kelola dan Tanggung Jawab Sosial Terhadap Kinerja Kepala Ruang Rawat Inap Rumah Sakit Karya Bhakti (RSKB Bogor Tahun 2008. Kerangka teori dari penelitian ini diambil dari Malcolm Baldrige Criteria for Performance Excellence (MBCfPE bagi institusi kesehatan dalam Hertz (2008. Kriteria MBCfPE yang diambil adalah kepemimpinan (leadership yang dijabarkan menjadi variabel Kepemimpinan Senior, Tata Kelola Dan Tanggung Jawab Sosial. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian survei dengan pendekatan kuantitatif. Data yang dikumpulkan adalah data primer dengan menggunakan kuesioner dan diolah dengan menggunakan metode analisis jalur (Path Analysis. Responden penelitian ini adalah semua perawat ruang rawat inap Dahlia Anyelir RSKB tahun 2008. Hasil penelitian ditemukan bahwa Kepemimpinan Senior, Tata Kelola dan Tanggung Jawab Sosial mempengaruhi Kinerja Kepala Ruang sebesar 57.59% sedangkan sisanya 42.41% dipengaruhi oleh variabel yang tidak diteliti. Variabel yang paling besar mempengaruhi kinerja kepala ruang adalah kepemimpinan senior (30.44% disusul oleh variabel tata kelola (22.96% dan Tanggung Jawab Sosial (4.18%. Tanggung Jawab Sosial mempunyai koefisen jalur yang tidak bermakna dan sangat kecil, namun tetap dipertahankan dalam model akhir karena secara substantif, penting dalam menentukan kinerja kepala ruang. Berdasarkan penelitian ini disarankan untuk lebih memperhatikan dan meningkatkan kepemimpinan senior, tata kelola dan tanggung jawab sosial guna meningkatkan kinerja kepala ruang dengan cara (1 melakukan pembinaan dalam hal kepemimpinan mencakup kemampuan (ability, keterampilan (skill dan perilaku (behaviour. (2 Menciptakan kebijakan guna terciptanya kondisi peningkatan kemampuan kepemimpinan senior, tata kelola dan tanggung jawab sosial, termasuk memberikan kesempatan untuk menambah pengetahuan (3 Dalam pemilihan kepala ruang disarankan untuk memperhatikan

  3. NILAI EKONOMI TOTAL KAMBING PERANAKAN ETAWAH (PE SISTEM KANDANG KELOMPOK DI DESA GIRIKERTO TURI SLEMAN (Total Economic Value Of Etawah Crossbreed Goat Of Village Group System : A Case Study in Girikerto Village in Turi Sleman

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    Tri Anggraeni Kusumastuti

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menganalisis nilai ekonomi total yang menunjukkan besar aset sumberdaya Kambing Peranakan Etawah (PE sistem kandang kelompok di Desa Girikerto Turi Sleman. Pengambilan sampel secara sensus pada tiga kelompok ternak yaitu "Mandiri" di Dusun Nganggring, "Pangestu" di Dusun Kemirikebo, dan "Sukorejo l" di Dusun Sukorejo sebanyak 116 sampel. Untuk menghitung nilai ekonomi total dengan mengidentifikasi manfaat sosial yaitu nilai guna langsung, nilai guna tidak langsung, maupun nilai pilihan. Selain itu juga mempertimbangkan biaya sosial meliputi biaya langsung atau operasional, biaya eksternal, dan biaya relokasi. Nilai manfaat dan biaya yang dapat dipasarkan (marketahle menggunakan harga pasar, sedangkan yang tidak dipasarkan (no marketable yaitu nilai pilihan (kemauan membayar atau willingness to Pay dari masyarakat dan peternak Kambing PE, sistem kandang kelompok serta biaya relokasi (kemauan menerima tawaran alau Willingness to Accept peternak kambing sistem individu menggunakan Contingent Valuation method (CIVM. Untuk mengetahui terjadinya perubahan di luar kondisi normal dengan menggunakan analisis sensitivitas meliputi perbaikan manajemen pemeliharaan, perubahan harga output clan input, serta perubahan lingkungan. Nilai ekonomi totaI pada kondisi normal untuk periode 5 tahun mendatang dengan asumsi tidak ada perkembangan populasi tiap tahunnya dalam satuan Unit Ternak (UT sebesar 3.416.464.641 rupiah pertahun. Urutan prioritas kelayakan nilai ekonomi total Kambing Peranakan Etawah 5 tahun mendatang adalah penurunan mortalitas (4.111.611.671 rupiah pertahun, kenaikan harga jual ternak (3.814.291.873 rupiah pertahun, peningkatan produksi susu (3.756.830.268 rupiah pertahun. perbaikan kidding interval (3.536.780.715 rupiah pertahun, peningkatan harga susu segar (3.534.635.862 rupiah pertahun, penurunan harga pollard  (3.438.843.522 rupiah pertahun. peningkatan manfaat lingkungan (3.417.191.446 rupiah pertahun

  4. Modifikasi Alat Steam untuk Pembengkokan Rotan

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    Eustasia Sri Murwati

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAKSelama ini pembengkokan rotan yang dilakukan oleh IKM Mebel Rotan dengan memanaskan di atas api kompor menggunakan alat pembengkok catok. Hasil yang diperoleh memberikan noda kehitaman. Cara lain dengan memasukkan rotan ke dalam alat steam dari besi, namun terdapat kendala persebaran uap yang tidak merata karena kurangnya rongga di antara tumpukan rotan selain terkena noda karat dari tabung steamer. Permasalahan tersebut dapat diatasi dengan modifikasi alat steam yang didesain multi guna, dapat melunakkan rotan dengan uap basah dalam tabung steamer dan uap kering yang disemprotkan pada permukaan rotan. Keunggulan alat ini adalah lebih efektif, tepat guna, multiguna, proses lebih cepat, konstruksi sederhana, mudah dan aman pengoperasiannya. Metode yang dilakukan yaitu survei lapangan dan literatur, perancangan desain, pengadaan bahan, pembuatan alat, uji coba alat, finishing alat, evaluasi dan pelaporan. Uji coba alat dengan variabel penampang rotan 2,4 cm, 2,8 cm, 3,2 cm dan waktu pengukusan 5 menit, 10 menit, dan 15 menit, dengan suhu ketel uap dan tabung steamer 110 o C, tekanan maksimum 2 bar (kg/cm2. Hasil yang diperoleh berupa 1 unit alat steam untuk pebengkok rotan terdiri dari: Pemanas, Ketel uap stainless steel spesifikasi standar JIS G 3116-2000, volume 118 lt, tabung steamer Grade SUS 340, bak perendaman dan meja bending. Hasil uji coba paling baik dengan waktu pengukusan 15 menit, rotan tidak pecah, tidak retak maupun tidak gembos, untuk semua  variabel diameter. Dapat membengkokkan rotan bentuk U, Ω,setengah lingkaran dan spiral. Uji coba uap kering memberikan hasil optimal dengan waktu penyemprotan lebih dari 20 menit. Kata kunci: alat steam, mebel, pembengkok, rotanABSTRACTAll this time rattan furniture SME’s bend the rattan by heating over a fire stove with a bending tool vise. The results obtained provide a blackish stain. Another way is putting the rattan into the iron steamer, but still has problems such as uneven

  5. STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN AGROINDUSTRI GULA SEMUT AREN

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    Nur Afni Evalia

    2015-03-01

    Lareh sago halaban. Metode penelitian adalah studi kasus dalam bentuk deskriptif kuantitatif. Teknik pengolahan data menggunakan analisis deskriptif, IFE/EFE,SWOT dan AHP. Nilai yang diperoleh dari matriks IFE (2,646 dan  EFE (2,298. Hasil alternative strategi menggunakan SWOT yaitu Strategi SO:Memperkuat litbang untuk riset pengolahan aren menjadi gula semut yang berkualitas, diversifikasi produk dan kemasan untuk komersialisasi gula semut aren.Strategi WO: Perbaikan sarana dan prasarana produksi gula semut untuk memenuhi standar ekspor dan pendampingan kelembagaan dari dinas-dinas terkait. Strategi ST: pemberian bantuan dana untuk peningkatan produksi gula semut aren, Penetapan kawasan agroteknopark untuk industrialisasi aren, pemberian bantuan berupa teknologi tepat guna dan teknologi packing. Strategi WT: peningkatan komitmen dan kerja sama antara semua stakeholder aren dalam penguatan agroindustri aren, Peningkatan promosi untuk perluasan pemasaran dan kebijakan dan sanksi yang menjual dalam bentuk tuak. Hasil Pengolahan AHP diperoleh faktor penentu adalah Teknologi (0,439 dengan pelakunya adalah Pemerintah (0,577 serta strategi yang diprioritaskan adalah Pemberian bantuan berupa teknologi tepat guna dan teknologi packing untuk skala komersil (0,258Kata kunci: aren, agroteknopark, IFE-EFE, SWOT,  AHP

  6. Pengembangan Potensi Dana Zakat Produktif Melalui Lembaga Amil Zakat (LAZ untuk Meningkatkan Kesejahteraan Masyarakat

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    Rosi Rosmawati

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Kegiatan membayar zakat mempunyai hubungan vertikal yaitu hubungan antara Allah SWT. sebagai Tuhan dan manusia sebagai mahkluk-Nya. Namun, kegiatan membayar zakat juga bersifat muamalat karena mempunyai hubungan horizontal yaitu antara manusia dengan manusia. Pengelolaan zakat bertujuan meningkatkan daya guna dan hasil guna zakat yang berdampak pada terwujudnya keadilan, kesejahteraan masyarakat, dan penanggulangan kemiskinan. Permasalahan yang dijumpai dalam praktik adalah mengenai penerapan pengembangan potensi dana zakat produktif dan fungsi LAZ dalam meningkatkan kesejahteraan masyarakat dihubungkan dengan Undang-Undang Pengelolaan Zakat. Penelitian yang dilakukan merupakan penelitian deskriptif analitis dengan pendekatan yuridis normatif. Pengumpulan data dan informasi diperoleh melalui penelitian kepustakaan dan wawancara, selanjutnya dianalisis secara yuridis kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pengembangan potensi dana zakat produktif melalui fungsi dan peranan LAZ untuk meningkatkan kesejahteraan masyarakat menurut Undang-undang Pengelolaan Zakat, adalah melalui program Pembiayaan Modal Usaha bagi fakir miskin dengan menerapkan asas-asas syariat Islam sesuai dengan pendayagunaan dana zakat. Fungsi dan peranan LAZ memberikan kemandirian ekonomi kepada fakir miskin dan berperan sebagai sarana keagamaan yang meningkatkan manfaat dana zakat. Saran dalam pengembangan potensi dana zakat produktif melalui LAZ adalah dengan melakukan bimbingan dan penyuluhan kepada mitra pembiayaan modal usaha individu dengan lebih intensif, yaitu melalui pengawasan, penyuluhan, pencatatan, dan pendokumentasian transaksi ekonomi syariah untuk menciptakan laporan keuangan usaha yang otentik. Upaya tersebut diharapkan agar proses pengembangan dana zakat produktif terkawal secara syariah sekaligus menumbuhkan kepercayaan kepada masyarakat pelaksana. Abstract The paying of zakat denotes a vertical relationship between God and human as His

  7. STRATEGI PENGELOLAAN DANA DESA UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KESEJAHTERAAN MASYARAKAT DESA KALIKAYEN KABUPATEN SEMARANG

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    Depi Rahayu

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini mengidentifikasi tentang pengelolaan dana desa. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Desa Kalikayen Kecamatan Ungaran Timur Kabupaten Semarang. Penelitian ini dilakukan karena dana desa memiliki implikasi yang sangat besar dan juga signifikan terhadap pembangunan desa di setiap kabupaten yang ada di Indonesia. Jenis penelitian ini menggunakan metode penelitian kuantitatif dengan menggunakan data primer dan data sekunder. Penelitian ini menggunakan alat analisis SWOT. Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk mengetahui mekanisme pengelolaan dana desa, mengidentifikasi perkembangan infrastruktur setelah adanya dana desa, dan menentukan strategi. Hasil dari penelitian ini menujukan mekanisme pengelolaan dana desa yang dilakukan desa kalikayen sudah sesuai dengan aturan yang ada, perkembangan infrastruktur di desa sudah jauh lebih baik, dan Strategi yang tepat untuk digunakan dalam pengelolaan dana desa yaitu dengan mengefektifkan dana-dana bantuan guna meningkatkan perekonomian serta memanfaatkan SDM yang cukup potensial. This study was to identify the village fund management in the Kalikayen village, East Ungaran sub-district, Semarang regency. This research was conducted for the village fund had huge implications and is also significant to the development of villages in every district in Indonesia. This research uses a quantitative method using primary data and secondary data. This research using SWOT analysis tool. The purpose of this study to determine the mechanism of village fund management, identify infrastructure development after their village funds, and determine the strategy. The results of this study addressed the mechanism of fund management villages conducted village kalikayen are in accordance with existing rules, the development of infrastructure in the village is already much better, and the right strategy to be used in the management of village fund is to streamline assistance funds to support the economy and harness human resources

  8. Pengaruh Program Edukasi Perawatan Kaki Berbasis Keluarga terhadap Perilaku Perawatan Kaki pada Pasien Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2

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    Citra Windani Mambang Sari

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Perilaku perawatan kaki merupakan komponen yang penting dalam pencegahan kaki diabetik. Namun, banyak pasien Diabetes Melitus (DM yang tidak menjalankannya akibat rendahnya pengetahuan dan self-efficacy pasien maupun keluarga. Di sisi lain, dukungan dan keterlibatan keluarga merupakan aspek penting dalam terlaksananya perilaku perawatan kaki pasien DM. Pengembangan program peningkatan perawatan kaki DM berbasis keluarga penting dilakukan guna mengatasi kelemahan program sejenis yang berbasis individu. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengidentifikasi pengaruh program edukasi perawatan kaki berbasis keluarga terhadap perilaku perawatan kaki pasien DM. Penelitian quasi experiment dengan pre-test and post-test with control group design ini melibatkan 72 responden DM Tipe 2 dan keluarganya yang diseleksi secara purposive dari populasi responden Diabetes Melitus di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Pasirkaliki Kota Bandung. Sampel dibagi menjadi kelompok intervensi dan kontrol dengan masing-masing 36 responden. Responden pada kelompok intervensi mendapatkan program edukasi perawatan kaki berbasis keluarga, konseling serta tindak lanjut 1 kali melalui telepon dan tiga kali melalui kunjungan langsung ke rumah. Perilaku perawatan kaki dikumpulkan menggunakan kuesioner. Data dianalisis menggunakan paired dan independent t-test. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan tidak ada perbedaan karakteristik antar kelompok. Perilaku perawatan kaki post test (M=84.69, SD=4.49 pada kelompok intervensi berbeda secara bermakna (p = 0.000 lebih tinggi dibanding pre test (M=49.50, SD=9.40, sedangkan pada kelompok kontrol ada penurunan skor setelah pengukuran (sebelum M=51,33, SD=8,58; sesudah M=49,50, SD=9,40; p=0,219. Program edukasi perawatan kaki berbasis keluarga efektif meningkatkan perilaku perawatan kaki pasien DM. Dengan demikian, perawat dapat mengintegrasikan program edukasi perawatan kaki berbasis keluarga ke program perkesmas sebagai upaya pencegahan kaki diabetik pada

  9. KAJIAN TEKNIS PROPELLER -ENGINE MATCHING PADA KAPAL IKAN TRADISIONAL DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN MOTOR LISTRIK HYBRID DARI SOLAR CELL DAN GENSET SEBAGAI MESIN PENGGERAK UTAMA KAPAL DI KABUPATEN PASURUAN JAWA TIMUR

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    Eko Sasmito Hadi

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Ketersediaan energi tak terbarukan yang kian menipis akan menjadi permasalahan besar bagi kehidupan manusia, banyak pemikiran sudah dicurahkan oleh para ilmuan guna mengantisipasi adanya kemungkinan krisis energi di masa yang akan datang. Selain dari permasalahan keterbatasan energi yang ada juga timbul masalah baru dari penggunaan energi tak terbarukan tersebut yaitu berupa polusi dan pencemaran lingkungan yang berdampak pada perubahan iklim di dunia. Para pemimpin dari berbagai negara menggelar konferensi tentang perubahan iklim di Bali (UNFCCC, sebagai tindak lanjut dari Protokol Kyoto yang diselenggarakan di Jepang sebelumnya, sehubungan dengan perubahan iklim dunia, beberapa negara sepakat untuk mengurangi emisi gas buang pada mesin berbahan bakar mineral, yang dianggap sebagai penyumbang polusi udara terbanyak, dengan membuat kebijakan yang diharapkan dapat menjadi suatu solusi untuk mengurangi polusi udara, salah satu solusi yang dibahas penulis adalah penggunaan motor listrik sebagai pengganti mesin berbahan bakar mineral, tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah menghitung parameter pendukung propeller engine matching (putaran mesin, BHP mesin, dan hambatan kapal , pada kapal ikan tradisional KM Brandal, dan penentuan ukuran propeller yang sesuai dengan kapal ikan KM Brandal dengan menggunakan sistem hybrid. Dalam penelitian ini penulis melakukan pengukuran dan perhitungan pada sistem penggerak kapal baik di lapangan maupun simulasi hybrid, rangkaian hybrid ini terdiri dari beberapa komponen antara lain 2 buah solar cell 100 WP, genset 800 VA, 2 buah baterai 70 Ah, dan motor listrik 12 volt 80 ampere, sedangkan untuk mendapatkan tegangan listrik yang sama pada rangkaian hybrid beberapa komponen seperti baterai, genset, dan solar cell disusun secara paralel. Penelitian tentang Propeller-Engine Matching pada rangkaian hybrid kapal ikan KM Brandal menghasilkan beberapa parameter optimasi propeller antara lain hambatan kapal 1,04 kN, daya efektif

  10. Studi Komparatif Fragmentatif Program IDT dengan Program Pemberdayaan Perempuan Melalui Mikro Kredit Grameen Bank di Bangladesh

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    Ema Khotimah

    2007-06-01

    peran perguruan tinggi khususnya kaum akademis nya dalam pengetasan kemiskinan. Yunus juga telah membuktikan bahwa kapitalisme pada saat yang bersamaan dapat digandengkan dengan sosialisme guna kepentingan rakyat miskin.

  11. KARAKTERISTIK DAN POTENSI PERAIRAN SEBAGAI PENDUKUNG PERTUMBUHAN LAMUN DI PERAIRAN TELUK BUYAT DAN TELUK RATATOTOK, SULAWESI UTARA (The Characteristics and Potential of Water to Support the Seagrass Abundance at Buyat and Ratatotok Bay Waters

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    Restu Nur Afi Ati

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui karakteristik dan potensi perairan Teluk Buyat dan Teluk Ratatotok guna mendukung potensi sumberdaya hayati ekosistem laut dan pesisir, khususnya ekosistem lamun. Penelitian dilakukan pada Juni 2013 pada 6 stasiun di Teluk Buyat dan 4 stasiun di Teluk Ratatotok. Parameter yang diukur in-situ dengan menggunakan alat water quality meter adalah pH, salinitas dan suhu. Parameter nitrat, fosfat dan klorofil-a dianalisis dengan menggunakan metode APHA. Data tutupan lamun diperoleh dengan metode transek kuadrat sesuai Seagrass Watch Method. Hasil pengamatan dipetakan secara spasial menggunakan Ocean Data View. Analisis hubungan antara parameter perairan dan tutupan lamun mengunakan Principal Component Analisis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa suhu, salinitas dan klorofil-a pada perairan berperan penting pada tutupan lamun dan secara umum kondisi perairan Teluk Buyat dan Teluk Ratatotok masih dalam kategori baik dan subur serta layak untuk kehidupan biota laut, khususnya ekosistem lamun.   ABSTRACT The aim of this research is to identify the characteristics and potential of Buyat Bay and Ratatotok Bay waters to support natural resources in marine and coastal ecosystems, especially seagrass ecosystem. The research was conducted in June 2013, at 6 stations in Buyat Bay and 4 stations in Ratatotok Bay. The in-situ parameters measured using water quality meter instrument were pH, salinity and temperature. Water sample for nitrate, phosphate and chlorophyll-a concentration were taken to laboratory used APHA method. Seagrass cover data obtained with the square method transect of Seagrass Watch. The observations were mapped spatially using Ocean Data View software. Principal Component Analysis was used to analyse the relationship between the water parameters and seagrass covers. The result shows that temperature, salinity and chlorophyll-a at Buyat and Ratatotok Bay waters are considerably good to support

  12. Kendala Struktural dan Kultural Praktek Keterbukaan Informasi Publik di Badan Publik Non-Pemerintah : Studi Kasus PSSI

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    Narayana Mahendra Prastya

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available This article discuss about case study on how Indonesian Football Association (Indonesian FA give their respond to do the Public Information Disclosure. Indonesian FA than express their objection to the demand. Indonesian FA choose as the object in this case, as a representative of non-governmental public organization. This article use Indonesian FA statement related to the Public Information Disclosure, that posted on official website www.pssi.org. Then I use frame analysis Robert N.Entman model as a analytical tool to the statement. The results show that there are two factors that cause Indonesian FA objection. First is structural factor that came from the Indonesian Public Disclosure Act and Act related to the management of football federation. The second is cultural factor that non-governmental public organization in Indonesia, in general, not accustomed to public disclosure obligation. Tulisan ini mengambil studi kasus bagaimana Persatuan Sepakbola Seluruh Indonesia merespon tuntutan untuk Keterbukaan Informasi Publik. Keputusan Komisi Informasi Pusat (KI Pusat bahwa PSSI harus menerapkan praktek Keterbukaan Informasi Publik mendapatkan keberatan dari pihak PSSI. Permasalahan pun berbuntut panjang hingga sampai di persidangan tingkat Mahkamah Agung. PSSI dipilih sebagai objek penelitian guna mengkaji bagaimana badan publik non-pemerintah memahami Keterbkaan Informasi Publik. Data dalam tulisan ini menggunakan pernyataan-pernyataan yang disampaikan PSSI melalui website www.pssi.org berkaitan dengan keputusan KI Pusat. Pernyataan tersebut kemudian dianalisis menggunakan framing model Robert N.Entman. Analisis menunjukkan terdapat kendala struktural dan kultural. Faktor struktural datang dari peraturan yang berkaitan dengan PSSI dan peraturan di UU KIP itu sendiri. Sedangkan faktor kultural berkaitan dengan kondisi badan publik non-pemerintah yang tidak terbiasa menghadapi tuntutan keterbukaan informasi.

  13. KARAKTERISASI SIMPLISIA DAN EKSTRAK DAUN STROBILANTHUS CRISPUS

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    Ani Isnawati

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Khasiat obat tradisional disebabkan oleh adanya senyawa kimia yang  dikandungnya. Bahan baku obat dari hasil pertanian atau kumpulan tumbuhan liar tentunya kandungan kimianya tidak dapat dijamin selalu konstan (ajeg karena adanya variabel bibit, tempat tumbuh, iklim, kondisi (umur dan cara panen. Kandungan senyawa kimia yang bertanggung jawab terhadap respon biologis harus mempunyai spesifikasi kimia, yaitu informasi  komposisi (jenis dan kadar. 0leh karena itu penetapan karakterisasi suatu simplisia dan ekstrak perlu dilakukan guna menjamin bahwa bahan suatu produk obat tradisional dapat diketahui mutunya. Karakterisasi dilakukan terhadap Tanaman Strobilanthus crispus (BL, yaitu simplisia bagian daun dan ekstrak 50% tanaman tersebut. Karakterisasi simplisa meliputi : penetapan kadar abu, kadar abu larut air, kadar abu tidak larut asam, kadar sari larut air, kadar sari larut asam, dan kadar air secar·a destilasi. Cara penetapan diatas dilakukan sesuai prosedur yang Ielah ditetapkan MMI, 1979. Sedangkan karakterisasi ekstrak mencakup : karakterisasi non spesifik yang meliputi penetapan bobot  jenis, kadar air, kadar sisa pelarut, kadar abu dan karakterisasi spesifik yang mencakup  pemeriksaan·senyawa yang terlarut dalam pelarut air dan etanol, pola kromatografi dengan cara KLT-densitometri, pemeriksaan golongan kimia ekstrak dan penetapan kadar zat kimia. Hasil penetapan karakterisasi simplisia menunjukkan spesifikasi tidak sesuai dengan yang dipersyaratkan MMI, hanya penetapan sari larut etanol yang memenuhi persyaratan. Penetapan karakterisasi ekstrak etanol 50% menunjukkan tidak terdapat etanol dalam ekstrak, kadar air 13,3 %; bobot jenis 1,262%, senyawa terlarut dalam pelarut air 95,06%, senyawa terlarut dalam pelarut etanol 18,69 % dan kadar flavonoid  17,59 % serta  profil  kromatogram komponen utama fraksi heksan, Khloroform dan etanol.

  14. ANALISIS KRITIKALITAS BAHAN BAKAR NUKLIR BEKAS REAKTOR RSG-GAS PADA RAK BERBAHAN ALUMINIUM

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    Pungky Ayu Artiani

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Penggunaan stainless steel sebagai material rak penyimpanan bahan bakar nuklir bekas (BBNB di fasilitas Kanal Hubung – Instalasi Penyimpanan Sementara Bahan Bakar Bekas (KH-IPSB3 berpotensi menyebabkan terjadinya korosi galvanik pada BBNB sehingga penggantian material rak penyimpanan BBNB perlu dipertimbangkan. Potensi korosi galvanik terjadi karena aluminium sebagai material utama kelongsong Bahan Bakar Nuklir (BBN Reaktor Serba Guna - G. A. Siwabessy (reaktor RSG-GAS berinteraksi dengan stainless steel sebagai material rak penyimpan BBNB. Aluminium dapat digunakan sebagai material alternatif rak penyimpanan BBNB untuk mengurangi efek korosi galvanik. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji kritikalitas rak penyimpanan BBNB dengan material aluminium. Jaminan kritikalitas diperlukan untuk menjaga keselamatan fasilitas KH-IPSB3. Rak penyimpanan aluminium yang optimum dikaji dengan melakukan simulasi ukuran pitch dan menghitung laju serapan neutron pada kondisi normal (tidak terjadi kecelakaan. Perhitungan nilai kritikalitas (keff dilakukan menggunakan program Monte Carlo N-Particle versi 6 (MCNP6. Model yang digunakan adalah model 3-dimensi satu rak utuh yang terisi penuh dengan BBNB di dalam kolam penyimpanan. Hasil perhitungan pada ukuran pitch 127 mm menunjukkan bahwa nilai keff rak penyimpanan BBNB dengan material aluminium (keff = 0,7709 lebih besar 13,20% dibandingkan material stainless steel (keff = 0,6810. Nilai keff rak penyimpanan BBNB dengan material aluminium pada ukuran tersebut masih berada dalam rentang yang disyaratkan yaitu keff kurang dari 0,95. Nilai keff dipengaruhi oleh ukuran pitch, dimana dengan berkurangnya ukuran pitch 1 mm dapat meningkatkan nilai keff sebesar 14,24%. Nilai laju serapan neutron juga mempengaruhi nilai keff, di mana laju serap neutron rak penyimpanan dengan material aluminium lebih kecil dibandingkan material stainless steel. Hasil simulasi menunjukkan bahwa rak penyimpanan dengan material aluminium

  15. ETHNO-BIOLOGICAL NOTES ON THE MEYAH TRIBE FROM THE NORTHERN PART OF MANOKWARI, WEST PAPUA (Catatan Etnobiologi Pada Suku Meyah di Pantai Utara Manokwari, Papua Barat

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    Sepus Fatem

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Tropical forests provide many products such as fruits, seeds, resin, medicines, meat and by-products such as non-timber forest products. In June 2005, February 2008 and June 2009, ethno botanical and ethno zoological surveys were conducted among Meyah hunter-gatherers and on the flora and fauna. This paper aims to reveal the interaction between the Meyah Tribe in the Northern Part of Manokwari and utilization of forest products. Our study reports that the tribe used about 67 species of plants and 11 wild animals to support their livelihood. Due to the expansion of the Manokwari regency as part of the development process in West Papua Province, we would therefore like to suggest that the local government should pay attention to developing and preserving the biodiversity in this area. ABSTRAK Hutan tropis pada prinsipnya menyediakan berbagai kebutuhan manusia baik buah, biji, resin, tumbuhan obat, daging dan dikenal sebagai  hasil hutan bukan kayu. Survei etnobiologi ini dilakukan pada bulan June 2005, Februari 2008 dan Juni 2009 pada masyarakat yang melakukan kegiatan pemanfaatan tumbuhan dan berburu satwa liar. Tulisan ini bermaksud untuk mengungkapkan interaksi Suku Meyah di Wilayah Pantai Utara Manokwari dalam pemanfaatan produk hasil hutan bukan kayu. Studi ini mencatat sekitar 67 spesies tumbuhan dan 11 jenis satwa lair yang di manfaatkan untuk menopang kehidupan suku Meyah. Data jumlah jenis tumbuhan dan satwa liar yang di manfaatkan ini, di harapkan dapat berguna bagi  pemerintah daerah dan lembaga lainnya dalam mengatur pola pemanfaatan sumberdaya hutan non kayu. Dalam hubungan dengan pemekaran wilayah, maka tantangan terhadap kelestarian sumberdaya hutan ini sangat besar, karena diprediksi akan mengalami tekanan dan kerusakan. Dengan demikian siklus kehidupan masyarakat akan terganggu. Sehingga di butuhkan kebijakan guna  mengakomodir kepentingan masyarakat asli dan juga kebutuhan pembangunan.

  16. KRITIK PENETAPAN HARGA IJARAH PADA GADAI EMAS (TINJAUAN FIKIH DAN ETIKA

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    Rinda Asytuti

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Pembiayaan gadai emas di bank syariah mencuat ketika harga emas dunia mengalami fluktuasi yang cukup tajam. Hal ini mendorong masyarakat beralih kepada investasi emas. Diawali oleh BRI syariah membuka layanan gadai emas yang diidasarkan pada akad rahn dan ijaroh, namun pada praktiknya membuka prosedur layanan beli gadai yang disinyalir rentan dengan spekulasi yang dilarang oleh agama islam. Produk beli gadai selanjutnya dikenal dengan berkebun emas ini dibatasi oleh Bank Indonesia guna membatasi gerak spekulasi nasabah atas emas. Akan tetapi beberapa bank syariah seperti BNI dan BSM yang juga membuka layanan gadai emas tidak melakukan transaksi beli gadai sebagaimana BRI syariah melainkan hanya melayani gadai emas sebagaimana dalam fatwa DSN MUI No 26/DSN-MUI/III/2002. Namun transaksi gadai emas yang berjalan bukan berarti tanpa masalah ditilik dari fikih dan etika salah satunya adalah penetapan harga ijaroh yang didasarkan pada metode tiring dan taksasi pembiayaan yang diterima. Penetapan harga ijaroh dan transaksi gadai emas  dirasakan telah menyalahi konsepsi Rahn yang seharusnya didudukkan pada akad keterdesakan yang beresensi ta’awun tolong menolong. Untuk itu tulisan ini  membahas tentang praktik gadai emas di bank syariah dan metode penetapan ujroh pada produk gadai emas. Penulis menyimpulkan bahwa penetapan tarif ijaroh yang saat ini ditetapkan oleh bank syariah rentan pada penggelinciran fungsi sesunguhnya yang kemudian jatuh pada konsepsi “hillah / Helah (al-hilah; al-tahayulyang termasuk upaya rasional yang manipulatif.  Di antara hillah tersebut adalah penggantian nama dan perubahan bentuk padahal substansinya sama. Yusuf al-Qardhawi berpendapat bahwa sebuah perubahan nama tidak diakui secara hukum apabila substansinya tetap, dan perubahan bentuk juga tidak diakui secara hukum apabila hakikatnya sama (la ‘ibrata bi taghayyur al-ism idza baqiya al- musamma, wa la bi taghayyur al-shurah idza baqiyat al-haqiqah

  17. MAQASID SHARI’AH SEBAGAI PENDEKATAN SISTEM DALAM HUKUM ISLAM

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    Nasrulloh Nasrulloh

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Fiqh is not God’s regulation that must be obeyed because it is faqih’s (the expert of fiqh understanding on Qur’an and Sunnah. Therefore, this understanding product may be different one another since it has the possibility to be valid or invalid as human’s thinking. Jaseer offers Maqasid Shari’ah as a systematical approach in Islamic law to get valid fiqh product based on universal meaning of these two Islamic doctrine sources. In this writing, there are five concepts contributing by Jasser to formulate and to understand shariah to be fiqh product namely validating all-cognition, holism, openness and self-renewal, multi-dimensionality dan purposefulness. Fiqh  bukanlah  aturan  Tuhan  yang  mesti  harus  ditaati,  karena  fiqh  hanyalah  hasil  produk seorang faqih dalam memahami al-Qur’an dan al-Sunnah, maka hasil produk satu faqih dengan yang lainnya pastilah berbeda, karena ia sekali lagi adalah hasil pemikiran manusia yang bisa mempunyai kemungkinan benar dan salah. Jaseer menawarkan Maqasid Shari’ah Sebagai Pendekatan Sistem Dalam Hukum Islam, guna mencapai produk fiqh yang benar-benar sesuai dengan makna universal yang dikandung oleh al-Qur’an dan al-sunnah. Dalam tulisan ini, ada lima konsep yang disumbangkan oleh Jaseer untuk mengolah dan memahami Shari’ah sebelum ia menjadi produk fiqh, yaitu validating all-cognition, holism, openness and self-renewal, multidimensionality dan purposefulness.

  18. Analisa Persediaan Material Pada Proyek Pembangunan Jembatan Sungai Brantas Di Ruas Tol Kertosono-Mojokerto

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    Titis Wahyu Pratiwi

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Proyek Pembangunan Jembatan Sungai Brantas merupakan tahap dari pelaksanaan proyek Jalan Tol Kertosono-Mojokerto dimana jalan tol ini akan terhubung dengan Jalan Tol Surabaya-Mojokerto. Dalam pelaksanaannya, proyek ini dibangun diatas lahan yang sempit dengan luas lahan sisi utara 5.219 m2 dan sisi selatan 5.105 m2 sehingga tidak terdapat ruang yang cukup untuk menyimpan material dalam jumlah yang besar, selain itu terdapat material yang mengalami keterlambatan kedatangan sehingga berpengaruh pada biaya persediaan proyek. Oleh karena itu diperlukan suatu analisa persediaan material dengan menggunakan teknik lot sizing (penentuan jumlah pemesanan pada metode Material Requirement Planning (MRP. Dengan metode ini dilakukan pengolahan data berupa biaya pesan, biaya simpan dan jumlah kebutuhan material guna memperoleh jumlah pesanan yang optimal dengan biaya persediaan minimum. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui teknik lot sizing dalam analisa persediaan material yang menghasilkan biaya persediaan material paling minimum pada Pembangunan Jalan Tol Kertosono – Mojokerto. Metode Material Requirement Planning (MRP yang digunakan terdiri dari beberapa tahapan mendasar yaitu perhitungan kebutuhan kotor (explosion, perhitungan kebutuhan bersih (netting serta perhitungan jumlah pemesanan (lotting. Pada tahapan lotting digunakan empat teknik lot sizing yaitu Lot for Lot, Economic Order Quantity (EOQ, Period Order Quantity (POQ dan Part Period Balancing (PPB. Dari hasil analisa MRP yang dilakukan, didapat bahwa teknik lot sizing yang membentuk biaya persediaan minimum untuk semua material pada pekerjaan Pile Cap P2, P2’, P1 dan P1’ yang meliputi Bekisting, Besi D 16, Besi D 19 dan Besi D 32 serta Beton K 350 adalah teknik Lot for Lot.

  19. Penerapan Value Engineering pada Pembangunan Proyek Universitas Katolik Widya Mandala Pakuwon City - Surabaya

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    Ananda Yogi Wicaksono

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Universitas Katolik Widya Mandala Surabaya (UKWMS sebagai salah satu lembaga pendidikan swasta besar di Surabaya, secara mandiri tergerak untuk mendirikan Program Studi Pendidikan Dokter Fakultas Kedokteran yang dibangun di kawasan Pakuwon City guna menanggulangi kurangnya tenaga medis di Indonesia. Adapun proyek dengan biaya pengerjaan total sebesar Rp 71.170.000.000,00 dengan luas bangunan 37.000 m2 memiliki harga per m2 sebesar Rp 1,923,513.51. Dengan membandingkan pada gedung dengan fungsi sejenis yaitu gedung Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Wijaya Kusuma yang bernilai Rp 12,397,551,715.00 dengan luas bangunan 6800 m2 sehingga mempunyai harga per m2 sebesar Rp 1,823,169.37 maka harga per m2 gedung Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Katolik Widya Mandala lebih tinggi daripada gedung Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Wijaya Kusuma. Dengan demikian terdapat potensi untuk dilakukan efisiensi biaya pada proyek tersebut. Metode value engineering digunakan dalam proyek ini karena merupakan metode yang mampu melakukan penghematan biaya tanpa mengurangi nilai fungsi yang ada. Langkah-langkah yang dilakukan dalam penelitian ini meliputi beberapa tahap seperti tahap pengumpulan data yang kemudian dilanjutkan dengan tahap informasi, tahap kreatif, tahap analisa, tahap pengembangan, dan tahap pelaporan yang berisi rekomendasi-rekomendasi. Dari hasil penerapan value engineering dapat di jelaskan bahwa terdapat dua item pekerjaan berbiaya tinggi yaitu item pekerjaan enclosing walls/dinding dan item pekerjaan finish to ceiling/plafon. Adapun penghematan yang dapat dilakukan dari hasil value engineering dalam proyek ini adalah sebagai berikut: pekerjaan enclosing walls/dinging sebesar Rp 159,138,100.00 atau 1,11% dari total rencana Life Cycle Cost item pekerjaan terpilih sedangkan untuk pekerjaan plafon adalah sebesar Rp 2,104,255,876,62 atau 14,68% dari total rencana Life Cycle Cost item pekerjaan terpilih. Sehingga total penghematan yang didapat dalam proyek

  20. Pengaruh pH, Kecepatan Putar dan Asam Asetat terhadap Karakteristik CO2 Corrosion Baja ASME SA516 grade 70

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    Faris Adham

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Fenomena korosi merupakan sesuatu yang pasti terjadi pada setiap logam. Laju korosi dari suatu material dipengaruhi oleh beberapa faktor diantaranya yaitu nilai pH lingkungan dan karakteristik aliran fluida yang kontak langsung dengan logam. Pada oil and gas industry, baja ASME SA 516 grade 70 sering digunakan sebagai material flowline dan banyak terjadi CO2 Corrosion. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melakukan studi laju korosi material baja ASME SA 516 grade 70 yang mengandung CO2. Penelitian dilakukan dengan metoda weight loss menggunakan alat Rotating Cylinder Electrode (RCE selama 10 hari dan metode Polarization selama 1 jam. Selain itu digunakan pula XRD dan SEM guna mendukung data-data analisa. Pada penelitian ini digunakan media elektrolit NaCl 3,5% dengan kandungan CH3COOH sebesar 0 ppm dan 1500 ppm dengan variasi kecepatan putaran yaitu 0 RPM, 150 RPM, 300 RPM, dan 450 RPM pada pH 5 dan 6. Pada pengujian polarization, didapatkan hasil laju korosi tertinggi sebesar 9.9323 mm/y pada larutan CH3COOH 1500 ppm pH 5 dan kecepatan putar 450 RPM, sedangkan data dari pengujian weight loss sebesar 4.8795 mm/y. Hasil pengamatan SEM menunjukkan adanya perbedaan morfologi pada permukaan spesimen karena pengaruh kecepatan putaran. Kecepatan putaran mengakibatkan tergerusnya produk korosi oleh aliran. Pada pengujian XRD dengan menggunakan spesimen pH 5 dengan kandungan 0 ppm dan 1500 ppm 0 RPM ditemukan FeCO3, Fe(OH3 dan senyawa FeOOH sebagai produk korosi.

  1. KONSEPSI DAN APLIKASI PIDANA MATI DALAM PERADILAN DI INDONESIA

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    I Made Pasek Budiawan

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Imposition of the death penalty by the judge in the criminal justice process Indonesia still remains a debate among groups that agread with the group that oppose it. But in some laws for special crimes such as terrorism, corruption, narcotics, psychotropic substances, and a human rights capital punishment is still regulated, as well as of the criminal code and the concept of the criminal code by 2015 capital punishment is still based. The  existence of the group that did not agree with the conception and application of this dying, argued that human life bussiness, my God, not the man to lift the perspective of the scientific criminal law that a death penalty still exists in all criminal acts by perpetrators of crimes with widespread impact as well as detrimental to the wider community the research for criminal santions was important to examine the existence of the norms of law as a basic for corrector by maximum capital punishment in Indonesia. Penjatuhan pidana mati oleh hakim dalam proses peradilan pidana Indonesia masih tetap menjadi perdebatan antara kelompok yang setuju dengan kelompok yang menentangnya. Namun dalam beberapa undang-undang tindak pidana khusus seperti terorisme, korupsi, narkotika, psikotropika dan peradilan hak asasi manusia pidana mati masih diatur, begitu juga KUHP dan konsep KUHP tahun 2015 pidana mati masih tetap dicanangkan. Adanya kelompok yang tidak setuju dengan konsepsi dan aplikasi pidana  mati ini berdalih bahwa nyawa manusia menjadi urusan Tuhan, bukan menjadi kewenangan manusia untuk mencabutnya. Perspektif keilmuan hukum pidana bahwa pidana mati masih eksis untuk diberlakukan sepanjang tindak pidana yang dilakukan pelaku menyangkut kejahatan luar biasa dengan dampak luas serta merugikan masyarakat luas. Penelitian terhadap sanksi pidana mati penting dilakukan guna meneliti keberadaan norma hukum sebagai dasar pembenar dijatuhkannya pidana mati ini di Indonesia.

  2. Penalaan Optimal Power System Stabilizer Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Uap Pacitan Menggunakan Hybrid Adaptive Chaotic Differential Evolution Dan Reduksi Jaringan Berbasis Rugi Saluran

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    Dheny Ashari Hasan

    2017-03-01

    , yaitu HACDE (0,869, DE (0,722, RD-PSO (0,686, dan PSO (0,534. Selain itu melalui evaluasi domain waktu menggunakan ITAE didapatkan urutan, yaitu HACDE (12,89, PSO (14,78, DE (16,02, dan RD-PSO (21,21. Oleh karena itu, HACDE lebih unggul untuk mendapatkan nilai optimal parameter PSS guna memberikan redaman optimal pada osilasi Generator Pacitan.

  3. Studi Numerik Pengaruh Kecepatan Angin Terhadap Critical Radius dan Distribusi Temperatur Pada Pipa Uap

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    Eka Arisma Setyo Nugroho

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Umumnya transmisi uap panas menggunakan pipa dengan diameter yang besar. Pada transmisi uap panas tersebut, kehilangan panas dan penurunan temperatur selalu terjadi. Penambahan insulasi pada pipa uap panas akan sangat menguntungkan, karena akan meminimalkan heat loss. Maka perlu dilakukan penelitian guna menentukan critical radius dan ketebalan optimum pada pipa uap panas. Pada penelitian ini, proses analisa dilakukan dengan menggunakan software gambit dan fluent. Pada gambit dilakukan pembuatan domain simulasi dan meshing untuk diameter luar pipa sebasar 168 mm dan diameter 30 mm. Kedua, dilakukan penentukan kondisi batas pada kedua ukuran pipa. Ketiga, dilakukan entry properties pada fluent, yaitu variasi kecepatan (1 m/s, 3 m/s, 5 m/s, temperatur uap panas (773 K, termperatur sekeliling (300 K, material  pipa dan insulasi serta nilai konduktivitas masing-masing. Hasil yang didapatkan pada penelitian ini adalah critical radius tidak terjadi pada pipa dengan diameter luar 168 mm. Sedangkan  pipa dengan diameter 30 mm, terjadi pada ketebalan insulasi 2 mm. Temperatur permukaan luar pipa tanpa insulasi terendah didapatkan pada kecepatan angin 5 m/s sebesar 755,3K. Heat loss terbesar terjadi pada pipa tanpa insulasi dengan kecepatan angin 5 m/s dan ketebalan insulasi 0 mm sebesar 11953,6W/m dan terkecil pada kecepatan angin 1 m/s dengan ketebalan insulasi 100 mm sebesar 264,38W/m. Sedangkan untuk hasil teori, heat loss terbesar pada pipa tanpa insulasi dengan kecepatan angin 5 m/s sebesar 11641,74W/m dan terkecil pada pipa dengan insulasi 100 mm dengan kecepatan angin 1 m/s sebesar 263,77W/m. Ketebalan optimum dari sumber panas batubara sebesar 38 mm, sumber panas fuel oil sebesar 100 mm dan sumber panas gas alam sebesar 43 mm.

  4. STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN PENDIDIKAN MASYARAKAT BERBASIS WISATABUDAYA DENGAN PENDEKATAN KEARIFAN LOKAL DI KAWASAN WADUK GUNUNGRAWA KABUPATEN PATI

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    Erni Suryandari

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengkaji pengetahuan serta usaha masyarakat Gunungrawa dalam meningkatkan daya tarik wisata serta mengembangkan strategi pengembangan pendidikan pariwisata berbasis wisatabudaya dengan pendekatan kearifan lokal. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif. Teknik pengumpul data yang digunakan adalah observasi,wawancara, serta dokumentasi. Alat pengumpul data memakai lembar pedoman wawancara dan  observasi. Teknik analisis data menggunakan model analisis interaktif. Data yang dihasilkan  melalui proses verifikasi. Keabsahan  data menggunakan triangulasi dan review informan. Hasil menunjukkan pendidikan masyarakat dapat mengembangkan kepariwisataan  Waduk Gunungrawa. Nilai-nilai luhur  sebagai kearifan lokal harus dipertahankan guna mengurangi dampak negatif. Nilai kejujuran, saling menghormati, kesetiaan, kerja keras adalah modal masyarakat untuk membuka diri dengan perkembangan  wisata di kawasan  Gunungrawa The purpose of this study was to assess the knowledge and effort Gunungrawa community in improving tourist attraction as well as developing tourism education development strategy based wisatabudaya with local wisdom approach. This study used a qualitative approach. Data collection techniques used were observation, interviews, and documentation. Data collection tool wear sheet guide the interview and observation. Data were analyzed using an interactive analysis model. Data generated through the verification process. The validity of the data using triangulation and reviews informant. The results show that people can develop tourism education Gunungrawa Reservoir. Noble values as local wisdom must be maintained in order to reduce the negative impact. The value of honesty, mutual respect, loyalty, hard work is the capital community to open up the development of tourism in the region Gunungrawa

  5. Musik sebagai Wujud Eksistensi dalam Gelaran World Cup

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    Michael HB Raditya

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available We Are One atau “Ole Ola” merupakan lagu resmi dari gelaran World Cup. Setiap World Cupmempunyai lagu resminya ditiap gelarannya. Dalam keberlangsungannya, setiap lagu world cupmembutuhkan pertimbangan dalam pembentukannya. Aspek-aspek seperti budaya, sosial, politikdan lainya menjadi alasan penting dalam pembentukannya. Pembentukan Ole Ola didasarkan padaproses hibriditas budaya lokal dan global. Perpaduan samba dan hip hop menjadi variant dalampembentukannya. Perpaduan tersebut membentuk identitas untuk lagu itu sendiri, dan untuk gelaranworld cup. Eksistensi dari lagu sehingga makin terasa karena perpaduan yang membentuk identitas.Terlebih lagu tersebut tercipta tidak hanya karena gelaran, tetapi mempunyai fungsi dan guna untukmasyarakat. Musik sebagai media dalam mengkonstruksi pesan atas kepentingan. Musik membentukidentitas, dan mempunyai eksistensi dalam keberlangsungannya. Musik tidak lagi hanya berfungsisebagai musik saja, tetapi musik mempunyai peran dalam pembentukan identitas dan menjamineksistensi. Music as a form of Existance in the World Cup Performance. We are one or Ole Ola is the officialsong of the world cup performance. Every world cup has its official song in each event. In its development ofexistance, every song in world cup needs requires of consideration for creating process. Aspects such as cultural,social, politics and others become the important reason for creation. The creating proses of Ole Ola song isbased on the local and global cultural hybridity. The combination of samba and hip hop is a primary varianton creating process. The combination creates an identity for the song itself, and for world cup identity. Theexistance of Ole Ola is stronger because the combination may create the new identity. Moreover, the songcreated is not only for the event, but also has a function and purpose to society. Music is as a medium inconstructing the messages of interest. Music creates an identity, and has an existance in its

  6. PEMBENTUKAN KESADARAN MEREK MELALUI PILIHAN MEDIA DAN PESAN IKLAN YANG EFEKTIF (Studi Pada PT. Ace Jaya Proteksi Cabang Pekanbaru

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    Afred Suci

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Penelitian dilakukan di PT. ACE Jaya Proteksi cabang Pekanbaru guna menganalisis seberapa besar nasabah menyadari keberadaan merek perusahaan dengan adanya media dan pesan iklan. Populasi penelitian adalah nasabah ACE Jaya Proteksi cabang Pekanbaru. Dengan menggunakan formulasi dari Djarwanto dan Subagyo diperoleh jumlah sampel sebanyak 96 orang yang kemudian digenapkan menjadi 100 orang nasabah. Data dianalisis menggunakan analisis regresi berganda. Hasil penelitian menyimpulkan bahwa baik secara simultan maupun parsial, media iklan dan isi pesan berpengaruh signifikan terhadap kesadaran merek. Variabel media iklan merupakan faktor yang paling dominan mempengaruhi kesadaran merek. Kesadaran konsumen pada merek produk maupun perusahaan sebesar 96,5% tergantung pada efektivitas pilihan media iklan dan isi pesan. Direkomendasikan untuk meningkatkan intensitas iklan di surat kabar serta memperluas cakupan surat kabar. Model iklan di radio sebaiknya dilakukan dengan melakukan program kuis berhadiah. Isi pesan iklan sebaiknya divisualisasikan lebih berwarna dan bergambar agar memiliki keunikan dan berbeda dengan iklan lainnya. Abstract: The study held in PT. ACE Jaya Proteksi Pekanbaru branch in order to analyze how strong customers’ awareness of corporate brand existence through advertising media and messages. Population were customers of ACE Jaya Proteksi Pekanbaru Branch. By using Djarwanto & Subagyo formulation, was obtained 96 samples and rounded up to 100 respondents. Data was analyzed by using multiple regression analysis. The result reveals that either simultaneously or partially, advertising media and message significantly influence the brand awareness. Customers’ awareness of product or corporate brand is 96,5% affected by the effectivity of media choice and ads content. It is recommended to enhance ads intensity in newspaper and broaden its coverup. Prize-base quiz is recommended to be model for radio advertisement. Ads

  7. PENGARUH PENDAPATAN NELAYAN PERAHU RAKIT TERHADAP POLA KONSUMSI WARGA

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    Rofiza Ardhianto

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meneliti pendapatan nelayan perahu rakit terhadap pola konsumsi warga Desa Surodadi, bagaimana pengelolaan pengeluaran keluarga terhadap pola konsumsi nelayan perahu rakit di Desa Surodadi dan bagaimana upaya pemerintah dalam menjalankan peran terhadap tanggung jawab kepada nelayan perahu rakit Desa Surodadi. Metode Ordinary Least Square untuk menganalisis secara deskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pendapatan nelayan perahu rakit berpengaruh positif dan signifikan, pengeluaran nelayan perahu rakit berpengaruh positif dan signifikan, peran pemerintah berpengaruh positif namun tidak signifikan. Berdasarkan penelitian tersebut, sebaiknya pemerintah harus ikut serta memberikan kontribusi bantuan yang lebih agar mempermudah jalannya kegiatan melaut, serta membangun usaha untuk pekerjaan sampingan dan tidak selalu membuka lapangan kerja terpusat dikota sehingga masyarakat pesisir mendapatkan hak sebagai warga negara. Setiap nelayan harus diberikan soft skill guna bersaing dengan masyarakat lain.  This research aims to investigate the Fisherman rowboat’s income against Surodadi’s civilian consumption patterns, how the management of family expenditures on consumption patterns Fisherman rowboat in Surodadi village and how the government's efforts in carrying out the role of the responsibility to the Surodadi’s Fisherman rowboat.This study uses Ordinary Least Square method to analyze descriptively. The results showed that the Fishermen rowboat’s Income is positive and significant impact. Fishermen rowboat’s expenditures is positive and significant impact, the role of government is positive but not significant.Based on these research, it should be the government should participate to contribute more aid to facilitate the activities of fishing, as well as efforts to build a second job and do not always create jobs centered in the city so that coastal communities obtain rights as citizens. Every fisherman

  8. STUDI PEMODELAN DAN PERHITUNGAN TRANSPORT MONTE CARLO DALAM TERAS HTR PEBBLE BED

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    Zuhair .

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Konsep sistem energi VHTR baik yang berbahan bakar pebble (VHTR pebble bed maupun blok prismatik (VHTR prismatik menarik perhatian fisikawan reaktor nuklir. Salah satu kelebihan teknologi bahan bakar bola adalah menawarkan terobosan teknologi pengisian bahan bakar tanpa harus menghentikan produksi listrik. Selain itu, partikel bahan bakar pebble dengan kernel uranium oksida (UO2 atau uranium oksikarbida (UCO yang dibalut TRISO dan pelapisan silikon karbida (SiC dianggap sebagai opsi utama dengan pertimbangan performa tinggi pada burn-up bahan bakar dan temperatur tinggi. Makalah ini mendiskusikan pemodelan dan perhitungan transport Monte Carlo dalam teras HTR pebble bed. HTR pebble bed adalah reaktor berpendingin gas temperatur tinggi dan bermoderator grafit dengan kemampuan kogenerasi. Perhitungan dikerjakan dengan program MCNP5 pada temperatur 1200 K. Pustaka data nuklir energi kontinu ENDF/B-V dan ENDF/B-VI dimanfaatkan untuk melengkapi analisis. Hasil perhitungan secara keseluruhan menunjukkan konsistensi dengan nilai keff yang hampir sama untuk pustaka data nuklir yang digunakan. Pustaka ENDF/B-VI (66c selalu memproduksi keff lebih besar dibandingkan ENDF/B-V (50c maupun ENDF/B-VI (60c dengan bias kurang dari 0,25%. Kisi BCC memprediksi keff hampir selalu lebih kecil daripada kisi lainnya, khususnya FCC. Nilai keff kisi BCC lebih dekat dengan kisi FCC dengan bias kurang dari 0,19% sedangkan dengan kisi SH bias perhitungannya kurang dari 0,22%. Fraksi packing yang sedikit berbeda (BCC= 61%, SH= 60,459% tidak membuat bias perhitungan menjadi berbeda jauh. Estimasi keff ketiga model kisi menyimpulkan bahwa model BCC lebih bisa diadopsi dalam perhitungan HTR pebble bed dibandingkan model FCC dan SH. Verifikasi hasil estimasi ini perlu dilakukan dengan simulasi Monte Carlo atau bahkan program deterministik lainnya guna optimisasi perhitungan teras reaktor temperatur tinggi.   Kata-kunci: kernel, TRISO, bahan bakar pebble, HTR pebble bed

  9. Model Pembelajaran Seni Musik melalui Lesson Study: Studi Kasus di SDN Jawilan, Serang

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    Yulianti Fitriani

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Artikel ini dilatar-belakangi persoalan pembelajaran seni musik di SDN Jawilan Kab. Serang. Di SD ini penyelenggaraan pendidikan seni belum memperoleh perhatian yang cukup baik dari guru. Hal ini dapat dilihat dari pembagian alokasi waktu pembelajaran dan keterlibatan guru kelas yang tidak memiliki latar belakang pendidikan seni (musik. Dampak yang muncul, rata-rata siswa belum memiliki kemandirian dalam berkreativitas dan kurang berpartisipasi aktif dalam kegiatan musik baik di sekolah maupun di luar sekolah. Untuk memperbaiki persoalan tersebut dirasa perlu meminjam Lesson Study yang di dalamnya terdapat metode, pendekatan dan strategi pembelajaran sebagai pola untuk membelajarkan seni musik agar dapat memberikan alternatif sudut pandang terhadap persoalan metode yang tepat guna dan terencana dalam pengajaran pendidikan musik di SD, termasuk paradigma membelajarkan musik secara hakiki. Hasil yang diperoleh dapat memberikan alternatif sebagai dasar pengembangan pembelajaran seni musik.   The Model of Music Learning through a Lesson Study: A Case Study in Jawilan Elementary School, Serang. The learning problems of music lessons at Jawilan Elementary School in Serang becomes the mainly source of the research background in this article. The implementation of art education in this school has not gained enough attention from teachers. It can be seen from the distribution of the allocated time of learning and the involvement of classroom teachers who do not have sufficient background in art education (music. The appearing impact shows that the average of students do not have any independence in creativity and have less-active participation in the activities of musical arts either in school or outside the school. However, solving the problem is necessary to do by using a Lesson Study as a pattern (approaches, strategies, and methods of learning to teach music that can be used as an alternative point of view in developing methods and organizing the

  10. LATIHAN FISIK MENCETUSKAN ASMA

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    Afriwardi Afriwardi

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakAsma yang dicetuskan latihan fisik (exercise-induced asthma merupakan suatu kelainan yang ditandai dengan terjadinya bronkospasme serta hipersekresi mukosa bronkus yang dicetuskan oleh kegiatan olahraga atau aktifitas fisik. Kami melaporkan satu kasus seorang atlet putri karate, umur 24 tahun yang sudah menekuni olahraga selama 10 tahun. Serangan sesak nafas yang kadang menimbulkan mengi dan dada terasa berat seringkali timbul saat melakukan latihan. Pada umumnya sesak dan dada berat akan berkurang setelah latihan dihentikan. Diagnosis ditegakkan dengan anamnesis dan pemeriksaan fisik yang dilakukan pada saat serangan yang terakhir serta adanya catatan medis yang sempat terdokumentasi. Perlu dilakukan kajian yang mendalam terhadap kasus ini karena serangan tersebut sangat mengganggu program latihan yang diberikan untuk atlet tersebut. Penelusuran terhadap faktor pencetus serta pemahaman karakteristik serangan akan sangat membantu pelatih dalam menyiapkan program latihan untuk atlet ini guna memperoleh prestasi terbaik.Kata kunci: exercise induced asthma – diagnosis - program latihanAbstractAsthma triggered by physical exercise (exercise-induced asthma is a marked disorder with the occurrence of bronchospasm and hypersecretion of bronchial mucous triggered by sports or physical activity. We report a case of a karate sportswoman, aged 24 years old who has engaged in sports for 10 years. Shortness of breath attacks that sometimes followed with wheezing and chest heaviness often occurs during exercise. In general, shortness of breath and chest heaviness will decrease after the training is stopped. Diagnosis by interview and physical examination conducted at the time of the attack, and documented n the medical record. In-depth study of the case need to be performed because the attack seriously affects training provided to the athlete. Studying the triggering factors and understanding the characteristics of the attack will greatly help

  11. ANALISIS WILAYAH KONSERVASI DAERAH ALIRAN SUNGAI (DAS KURANJI DENGAN APLIKASI SWAT

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    Fadli Irsyad

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Degradasi lahan merupakan penyebab utama tingginya runoff dibandingkan dengan faktor lainnya. Perubahan tata guna lahan yang terjadi pada suatu kawasan menyebabkan terjadinya perubahan kondisi catchment area dan dapat menyebabkan perubahan aliran permukaan (runoff.  Jika limpasan yang terjadi saat hujan kecil dan infiltrasi air ke dalam tanah besar, maka air terlebih dahulu disimpan di dalam tanah sehingga akan meningkatkan ketersediaan air tanah. DAS Kuanji merupakan salah satu DAS di Kota Padang yang memiliki luas 202,7 km2 dan terdiri dari 5 sub-DAS. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada kawasan DAS Kuranji yang secara geografis terletak pada 100o20’31,20” – 100o33’50.40” BT dan 00o55’59.88” - 00o47’24” LS. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan pada bulan Maret – Juni 2013. Penelitian ini menggunakan aplikasi open sources software MapWindows GIS 4.8 RC1 (4.8.1 dari www.mapwindow.org.  Tahapan awal dalam penelitian ini yakni pengumpuan data, analisis SWAT di DAS Kuranji, dan penentuan wilayah konservasi DAS Kuranji. Hasil peneltian yang menggunakan MWSWAT untuk DAS Kuranji didapatkan HRU DAS sebanyak 2.034 HRU. Limpasan terbesar yang terjadi yakni 84 mm dengan luasan 75,195 ha, dan tersebar di empat kecamatan (Pauh, Padang Utara, Nanggalo, dan Kototengah. Wilayah konservasi yang direkomendasikan yakni  Limau Manih (81,56 ha, Lambung Bukit (42,27 ha, Gunung Sarik (86,32 ha, Kuranji (60,20 ha, dan Lubuk Minturun (64,45 ha. Kata kunci: Alih Fungsi Lahan,  DAS Kuranji, Konservasi, Limpasan, MWSWAT.

  12. THERMAL-HYDRAULIC ANALYSIS OF SMR WITH NATURALLY CIRCULATING PRIMARY SYSTEM DURING LOSS OF FEED WATER ACCIDENT

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    Susyadi Susyadi

    2016-09-01

    ABSTRAK Reaktor daya kecil modular (SMR memiliki beberapa keunggulan dibanding reaktor daya besar konvensional. Dengan disain yang lebih sederhana dan terintegrasi, penerapan hukum alamiah untuk sistem keselamatannya dan biaya modal yang rendah, reaktor ini sangat cocok untuk dibangun di Indonesia. Salah satunya disain SMR yang sedang dikembangkan menerapkan gaya penggerak alami untuk sistim pendingin primernya. Dengan disain seperti itu, adalah sangat penting untuk memahami implikasinya terhadap aspek keselamatan pada seluruh kondisi operasi. Salah satu yang perlu diinvestigasi adalah kecelakaan kehilangan air umpan (LoFW. Pada studi ini, dilakukan analisis kinerja thermal hidrolik SMR yang menggunakan sistim pendinginan primer sirkulasi alam saat kecelakaan LoFW. Tujuannya adalah untuk menginvestigasi karakteristik aliran sistem primer saat kecelakaan LoFW dan untuk memastikan apakah aliran sirkulasi alam cukup untuk memindahkan panas dari teras guna menjaga kondisi tetap aman selama kecelakaan tersebut. Metoda yang digunakan adalah dengan merepresentasikan sistem reaktor ke dalam model-model generik program RELAP5 dan melakukan simulasi numerik. Hasil perhitungan menunjukkan bahwa setelah kejadian pemicu dan trip reaktor, pada sisi primer laju alirnya berfluktuasi secara signifikan dan temperatur pendinginnya menurun secara bertahap sedangkan  pada sisi sekunder kondisi uap berubah menjadi uap jenuh. Laju alir turun dari ~711 kg/detik menjadi ~263 kg/detik sebelum kembali naik lagi pada t=~46 detik. Saat laju alir di titik terendah, temperatur pusat bahan bakar dan fluida pendingin adalah sekitar  ~565 K dan  ~554 K, yang menujukkan bahwa temperatur bahan bakar masih jauh di bawah batas disain dan temperatur fluidanya juga berada di bawah titik saturasi. Keadaan ini menunjukkan bahwa saat transien kedua parameter utama termohidrolik reaktor tetap dalam kondisi yang dapat diterima sehingga dapat disimpulkan  bahwa saat  kecelakaan kehilangan air umpan, SMR

  13. SISTEM INFORMASI MANAJEMEN INVENTORI PADA PERUSAHAAN LAYANAN JASABOGA PESAWAT UDARA

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    A. A. Oka Sudana

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Sistem Informasi Manajemen Inventory adalah sistem informasi yang mengelola data transaksi dan persediaan dalam gudang. Perusahaan yang bergerak dibidang produksi umumnya memerlukan Sistem Inventory.Sistem Inventory biasanya terdiri dari Sistem Penerimaan Barang, Sistem Pembelian Barang dan Sistem Gudang. Sistem ini harus dapat memberikan informasi inventory seperti informasi pengeluaran barang, pembelian barang, penerimaan barang dan informasi lain secara cepat dan akurat, selain itu sistem dapat mempermudah kerja user.Perusahaan yang bergerak dibidang catering (jasa boga khususnya untuk layanan penerbangan biasanya memilik isistem inventory khusus. Sistem inventory umum (paket jika diterapkan untuk perusahaan jasa boga biasanya memiliki kelemahan-kelemahan yang secara umum mempengaruhi efisiensi kerja user. Masalah-masalah tersebutmisalnya mekanisme transaksi yang masih mengunakan hubungan one to one, masalah portioning, spoil, retur, masalah perhitungan biaya produksi, desain basis data dan backup data transaksi. Masalah lainnya adalah sering terjadi kesalahan pada sistem baik saat melakukan proses pelaporan atau proses lainnya.Guna mengatasi permasalahan Sistem Inventory tersebut maka dibuat Sistem Informasi Manajemen Inventory yang khusus dipergunakan pada sebuah perusahaan jasaboga pesawat udara. Beberapa mekanisme dan rancangan basis data tetap mengacu pada sistem yang telah ada sehingga proses-proses pada aplikasi sistem akan relatif sama. Sistem ini dapat memberikan informasi permintaan barang ke gudang (Store Requisition, pengeluaran barang (Stock Transfer, permintaan pembelian barang (Purchase Requisition, pembelian barang (Purchase Order, penerimaan barang (Receiving, Informasi mengenai barang yang telah rusak (Spoil, pengembalian barang (Retur dan informasi inventory lainnya. Rancangan basis data menggunakan dua database untuk menanggulangi masalah volume data transaksi. Setiap akhir tahun akan dilakukan backup transaksi, yaitu

  14. Menelusuri Konsep Keadilan Pemilihan Umum Menurut UUD 1945

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    Khairul Fahmi

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. As a contest for garnering the trust of the people, an election shall be lawful and legitimate whenever it is conducted in a fair manner. A fair election is a constitutional mandate, explicitly stated in Article 22E point (1 of the 1945 Constitution. However, the Constitution had not provided further guidance on fair election. Consequently, exploring the philosophical base of the fairness of the election will be critical in order to formulate the benchmark of fairness of the election. Furthermore, such benchmark will be referred to in formulating regulations or the technical issues of election organization. By means of conceptual approach, this Excerpt wishes to explore this cause. Based on the studies conducted, the fairness of election as intended by the Constitution is actually based on the concept of fairness and the social justice stated in the Fifth Principles of Pancasila.Abstrak. Sebagai kontestasi memperebutkan kepercayaan rakyat, sebuah pemilu akan sah dan memeroleh legitimasi bila mana ia dilaksanakan secara adil. Pemilu yang adil merupakan salah satu mandat konstitusional yang secara tegas dimuat dalam Pasal 22E ayat (1 Undang-Undang Dasar 1945. Konstitusi tidak memberi panduan lebih jauh ihwal bagaimana sesungguhnya pemilu yang adil. Oleh karenanya, menelurusi landasan filosofis keadilan pemilu menjadi amat penting guna merumuskan ukuran adil atau tidaknya pemilu. Untuk selanjutnya, ukuran itulah yang akan diacu dalam merumuskan aturan maupun teknis penyelenggaraan pemilu. Dengan menggunakan pendekatan konseptual, nukilan ini hendak mendalami hal itu. Berdasarkan hasil kajian yang dilakukan, keadilan pemilu yang dikehendaki konstitusi sesungguhnya dilandaskan pada konsep keadilan sebagai fairness dan keadilan sosial yang termuat dalam Sila Kelima Pancasila.  DOI: 10.15408/jch.v4i2.4098

  15. SENI SULAM MINANGKABAU DAN INOVASINYA UNTUK MENDUKUNG PENGEMBANGAN INDUSTRI KERAJINAN RUMAH TANGGA

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    Yasnidawati Yasnidawati

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The arts of embroidery in Minangkabau and innovation to support home industry. Research goals describe the diversification of products and innovations arising embroidery done by craftsmen through the development of understanding and ability in improving the quality of product embroidery in the regional district Agam, Bukittinggi and Kab. 50 Cities.The method used qualitative, quantitative. Object of research is embroidered products produced by the craftsme. The instrument for analy­sis this study is used the quantitative data and qualitative. The results of research shows that producers are able and have a good skill to improve the innovations and quality of embroidery product. Because of the quality of products are verygood, so the resulting product embroidery are looks interesting and beautiful. Seni Sulam Minangkabau dan Inovasinya untuk Mendukung Pengem­bang­an Industri Kerajinan Rumah Tangga. Tujuan penelitian mendeskripsikan diversifi­kasi produk sulaman timbul dan inovasinya yang dilakukan para pengrajin melalui pengembangan pemahaman dan kemampuan dalam membuat desain motif, meng­guna­kan bahan, kombinasi warna, teknik menyulam dan produk, pada daerah Kab. Agam, Bukittinggi dan Kab. Lima Puluh Kota. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif, kuantitatif. Objek penelitian adalah produk sulaman  yang dibuat pengrajin. Pengumpulan data dengan observasi, dokumentasi, penilaian hasil.  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa semua pengujian yang dilakukan terhadap pemahaman dan kemampuan para pengrajin ternyata nilainya mencapai antara baik dan sangat baik. Simpulan: Hasil pengujian menunjukkan  bahwa pembuatan desain motif yang sangat bagus, kombinasi warna serasi, teknik jahit rapih, produk yang menarik, indah, bervariasi. Hal ini tentu dapat meningkatkan kualitas dan nilai ekonomis dari produk seni sulam Minangkabau.

  16. PEMANFAATAN SAMPAH KERTAS MENJADI PAPAN PARTIKEL SEBAGAI DINDING DEKORATIF RUANGAN

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    Meldawati Artayani

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak_Permasalahan sampah dalam pembahasan ini dikhususkan pada sampah kering sebagai contoh sampah kertas. Jumlah sampah kertas di kota Makassar bisa mencapai angka 322,16 m³/hari dan akan terus meningkat bersamaan dengan meningkatnya jumlah penduduk. Sebagai upaya peneliti dalam mengurangi serta meningkatkan nilai guna dari sampah kertas khususnya sehingga mampu memberi manfaat kepada masyarakat secara umum, yaitu dengan cara mendaur ulang sampah kertas menjadi papan partikel sebagai dinding dekoratif ruangan yang mudah, murah serta ramah lingkungan. Penelitian ini akan dilakukan secara experimen di laboratorium dan akan berlangsung selama 5 (lima bulan untuk mengetahui karateristik dasar dari papan partikel kertas sebagai dinding dekoratif ruangan. Adapun tahapan prosesnya yaitu pegumpulan bahan, pengolahan bahan serta pengujian secara fisik dan mekanisnya. Variasi papan partikel yang diteliti berkisar pada perbedaan tekstur permukaan, serta ketebalannya. Kata kunci : sampah kertas dan papan partikel dekoratif Abstract_ The problem of garbage in this discussion is devoted to the dry waste, for example waste paper. The amount of paper waste in the city of Makassar could reach 322.16 m³ / day and will continue to increase in tandem with the increasing population. As researchers attempt to reduce and increase the use of waste paper grades in particular so as to provide benefits to society in general, that is by recycling waste paper into particle board as a decorative wall of the room that is easy, cheap and environmentally friendly. The research will be conducted experiments in the laboratory and will last for 5 (five months to determine the basic characteristics of particle board decorative paper as the wall of the room. The stages of the process, namely pegumpulan materials, materials processing as well as physical and mechanical testing. Variation of particle board that investigated the range of differences in surface texture and

  17. PERUBAHAN POLA PENCAHARIAN NAFKAH DALAM KAITANNYA DENGAN PERSEPSI MASYARAKAT PEDALAMAN TERHADAP PENDIDIKAN

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    Suwarno Suwarno

    2012-10-01

    bekerja di bidang travel, angkutan barang, bekerja pada sektor perdagangan, pertanian dan perkebunan, perikanan air tawar (sungai, dan jasa lainnya; persepsi masyarakat sudah tumbuh kesadaran bahwa anak harus lebih cerdas, lebih tinggi bersekolah guna mencari ilmu dengan harapan menjadi orang yang berguna bagi masyarakat, bangsa, dan negara.   Kata Kunci: Pola Pencaharian Nafkah, Pendidikan, Masyarakat Pedalaman

  18. AIR SEBAGAI SUBYEK DALAM DESAIN ARSITEKTUR Kasus telaah: Istana Alhambra Granada

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    Esterlita Devi Hendrayani

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Water has always been imperative for life, since the very beginning, the birth, growth, survival, to the death, water always play an important role. In whatever kind of form, water has the character and potency to increase the quality of human life or to destroy it. Water is well responsive against natural forces, such as storm, rain, lightning and thunder, it could change in a sudden from a still and calm condition to a new powerful force, which could evoke certain human emotion. With this character and potency, water contribute to the dynamic of the architecture which incorporates it, placed as subject to architectural composition, not merely as object to meet the physical human needs. Through analyzing the Alhambra palace which is known as the locus classicus of the use of water in architectural design, a reflection can be made, whether water has been placed as subject in an architectural composition or just as something routine. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Air adalah sesuatu yang tidak dapat dilepaskan dalam segala aspek kehidupan manusia, mulai dari awal kehidupan, kelahiran, pertumbuhan, perjuangan hidup hingga kematian. Dalam wujud apapun air mempunyai karakter dan potensi untuk meningkatkan kualitas hidup manusia atau merusakkannya. Air begitu responsif terhadap kekuatan alam seperti, badai, hujan lebat, kilat dan petir; ia dapat dengan tiba-tiba berubah dari keadaan tenang menjadi kekuatan baru yang mampu membangkitkan emosi tertentu. Dengan mengenal karakter dan potensi inilah, maka air dapat menjadi komponen dinamis dalam arsitektur, dapat berperan sebagai subjek dalam desain komposisi arsitektural, bukan hanya semata-mata sebagai objek guna memenuhi kebutuhan fisik manusia saja. Air dapat menjadi urat nadi dalam komposisi arsitektur. Melalui telaah desain istana Alhambra, yang dikenal sebagai locus classicus bagi penggunaan air dalam desain arsitektur, maka kita dapat melakukan refleksi apakah telah menempatkan air sebagai subyek

  19. KESTABILAN IODIUM DALAM GARAM PADA BERBAGAI TIPE DAN RESEP MASAKAN

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    Ance Murdiana Dahro

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Dalam jangka panjang fortifikasi garam dianggap cara yang paling tepat guna dan ekonomis untuk menanggulangi masalah kekurangan iodium. Dalam kaitan tersebut perlu diketahui kestabilan iodium dalam garam yang ditambahkan kedalam masakan dari berbagai tipe dan resep di tingkat lapangan. Sampel berupa masakan yang berasal dari 6 kota di 6 provinsi di Indonesia, banyak dikonsumsi dan dijual di tempat yang banyak dikunjungi orang. Penentuan sampel masakan dilakukan setelah pengujian garam yang digunakan dengan menggunakan pereaksi Iodinatest buatan Indofarma. Bila setelah penambahan pereaksi pada garam timbul warna ungu menandakan bahwa garam tersebut mengandung iodium, masakan ituu kemudian ditetapkan sebagai sampel. Jumlah garam yang ditambahkan diketahui dari wawancara dengan penjual makanan tersebut. Jumlah iodium dalam garam yang ditambahkan kedalam masakan diketahui setelah dilakukan analisis garam di laboratorium. Dari iodium yang tersisa dalam makanan dapat dihitung jumlah iodium yang hilang. Dibuat pula beberapa masakan serupa dengan menggunakan resep asli di laboratorium (simulasi. Pelepasan iodium dari makanan dilakukan melalui dua tahap yaitu digestasi kering lalu dilanjutkan dengan digestasi cara basah. Penetapan iodium dilakukan dengan reaksi "Sandell Kolthoff'. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa jumlah iodium yang tersisa pada umumnya amat rendab (dibawah 50 ug/100 gram masakan. Tiap jenis masakan bervariasi dalam keasaman, jenis dan jumlah bumbu yang ditambahkan. Iodium yang rusak/hilang dari masakan tipe asam yang dimasak atau tidak dimasak (contoh kuah empek-empek atau asinan sekitar 60-85%, dari masakan bersantan tapi dimasak tidak lama (contoh soto santan sekitar 40-50%, dari masakan bersantan dikeringkan (contoh rendang sekitar 60-70%, dari masakan yang digoreng (contoh sambal hijau sekitar 45-60%, dari masakan yang diolah tidak lama (contoh sayur tettu, rujak cingur sekitar 40-50%, sedangkan dari masakan yang dimasak lebih dari

  20. Pengelompokan Masyarakat Negeri Tuhaha Pulau Saparua, Maluku Tengah Tinjauan Etnoarkeologis

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    Lucas Wattimena

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The Meaning of Tuhaha community’s grouping based on archaeological remains can not be separated from one another, due to the partial temporal nature. This study used a literature study, in order to examine the issue of research, how society grouping Tuhaha State, based on archaeological remains. Archaeological remains is meant here is a dolmen, menhirs and the old village/ancient settlements. The objective of this study is to know and understand the patterns of grouping Tuhaha State community based archaeological remains. The results showed that grouping State community/village Tuhaha archaeological remains contextually based culture has symbolic interaction, integration and socio-cultural systems on the basis of grouping patterns in the structure of the dolmen, menhirs(micro scale and Old village Huhule (macro scale. Huhule as anintegral unity of the social system, in which there are parts of the system dolmen, menhirs, as well as the concepts of cultural mapping (monodualisme. Integration between the dolmen of five, symbolizing Patalima community groups, and soa of nine (patasiwa. Pemaknaan pengelompokan  masyarakat Tuhaha berdasarkan tinggalan arkeologis tidak dapat dipisahkan satu dengan yang lain, disebabkan oleh sifat temporal parsial. Penelitian ini menggunakan kajian kepustakaan, guna menelaah permasalahan penelitian, yaitu bagaimana pengelompokan masyarakat Negeri Tuhaha, berdasarkan tinggalan arkeologi. tinggalan arkeologis yang dimaksudkan di sini adalah dolmen, menhir serta kampung lama/permukiman kuno. Tujuan daripada penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui dan memahami pola pengelompokan masyarakat Negeri Tuhaha berdasarkan tinggalan arkeologis. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa Pengelompokan masyarakat Negeri/Desa Tuhaha berdasarkan tinggalan arkeologis secara kontekstual budaya memiliki hubungan interaksi simbolik, integrasi dan sistem sosial budaya atas dasar pola pengelompokan pada struktur dolmen, menhir (skala Mikro dan

  1. Pengaruh Elemen Interior Restoran terhadap Pengalaman Nostalgia Konsumen

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    Miranti Sari Rahma

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Selama beberapa tahun terakhir, restoran bertema "nostalgia" menjadi populer di Bandung. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengeksplorasi unsur-unsur lingkungan yang disukai konsumen di restoran yang dapat mempengaruhi respon pengalaman nostalgia konsumen di restoran. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif eksploratif untuk menentukan variabel yang dapat digunakan sebagai stimulus eksperimen berikutnya guna mendapatkan respon persepsi, emosi, dan sikap. Data hasil eksperimen dianalisis menggunakan ANOVA, menunjukkan bahwa (1 elemen interior restoran yang paling mempengaruhi pengalaman nostalgia konsumen di restoran; (2 meskipun gaya modern dapat membangkitkan respon persepsi, emosi dan sikap nostalgia, elemen dekoratif dan furnitur kolonial paling efektif dapat membangkitkan pengalaman nostalga; (3 ditemukan juga hubungan antara persepsi, emosi, dan sikap kaitannya dengan proses persepsi, emosi dapat mempengaruhi sikap konsumen di restoran, hal ini sejalan dengan mekanisme persepsi dimana kontribusi pengalaman masa lalu dapat membangkitkan emosi sehingga mempengaruhi persepsi dan munculnya sikap konsumen di restoran. Effect of Restaurant Interior Elements on Consumer Nostalgic Experience Abstract. In the last few years, ‘nostalgic’ restaurants have become quite popular in Bandung. This study was aimed at exploring interior elements that may evoke a nostalgic experience in consumers in a restaurant. In this study, an exploratory descriptive method was applied to determine the variables to be used as stimulus in the experiment to get perception, emotion, and attitude responses. The data of this research were analyzed by ANOVA and showed that: (1 interior elements of the restaurant influenced the nostalgic experience by consumers; (2 colonial decorative elements and colonial style furniture, even if other interior elements have a modern style, can evoke nostalgic perceptions, emotions, and attitudes; (3 a link was found between perceptions

  2. ANALISIS PEMANFAATAN SUMBER DAYA HUTAN UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KESEJAHTERAAN MASYARAKAT SEKITAR HUTAN

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    Gabriella Joana Sinaga

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Kabupaten Blora memiliki hutan negara yang luas dibandingkan dengan hutan rakyat. Kawasan hutan negara yang luas berada di Kecamatan Randublatung, Kecamatan Randublatung mempunyai 34 Desa, salah satunya adalah Desa Ngliron. Tingkat ketergantungan terhadap sumber daya hutan oleh penduduk Desa Ngliron sangat tinggi. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menganalisis strategi yang digunakan dalam mengoptimalkan potensi dari sektor kehutanan. Penelitian ini menggunakan alat analisis SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats yaitu merumuskan strategi dalam memaksimalkan kekuatan, peluang dan dapat meminimalkan kelemahan dan ancaman. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kekuatan utama adalah adanya program PHBM guna meningkatkan kesejahteraan masyarakat sekitar hutan. Peluang utama dalam penelitian ini  adalah adanya hutan negara yang memberikan peluang yang cukup besar bagi masyarakat sekitar hutan untuk mendapatkan pekerjaan. Kelemahan dalam pemanfaatan sumber daya hutan adalah akses pengangkutan kayu masih sulit, dan ancaman dalam pemanfaatan sumber daya hutan adalah adanya pengaruh iklim yang dapat mengganggu masa tumbuh tanaman hutan. Blora has extensive state forest trees than citizen forest. Vast state forest located in the District Randublatung, District Randublatung has 34 Village, one of which is the village Ngliron. Degree of dependence on forest resources by the villagers Ngliron very high. The purpose of this research is analyzing the strategy to maximize the potential of forest sectors.This research using descriptive analyze tools to describe the cause factors that has impacts to improve the villager welfare. Furthermore, this research using SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats analyze tools, which areformulate the strategy to maximize the strengths, the opportunities and could minimize the weaknesses and Threats.The results of this research indicated that the main strength is PHBM program to improve the villagers

  3. CUSTOMER SATISFACTION AND LOYALTY OF A FRANCHISE PRODUCT EVIDENCE FROM NASI BEBEK GINYO RESTAURANT IN JAKARTA

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    Kartika Puspitasari Adiningsih

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of this study were to: 1 identify the characteristics of the customers of Restaurant Nasi Bebek Ginyo, 2 to analyze factors influencing customer satisfaction and loyalty, and 3 to analyze the level of customer satisfaction and loyalty. Descriptive Analysis, Structural Equation Modelling (SEM, Customer Satisfaction Index (CSI and Customer Loyalty Index (CLI were used to analyze the data. The results of the study showed that tangible, reliability, food quality, and perceived value had significantly contributed to influencing customer satisfaction. From the estimates of SEM output, the results of CSI for this study were 67.78% and CLI is 58. 11%. The results of the study suggested for managerial implications to increase the level of customer satisfaction and loyalty.Keywords: customer satisfaction, customer loyalty, SEM, CSI, CLIABSTRAKTujuan dari penelitian ini adalah: 1 mengidentifikasi karakteristik dan perilaku konsumen restoran Nasi Bebek Ginyo, 2 menganalisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kepuasan dan loyalitas konsumen, dan 3 menganalisis tingkat kepuasan dan loyalitas konsumen.Analisis yang digunakan untuk mengolah data pada penelitian ini, yaitu:analisis deskriptif, Structural Equation Modelling (SEM, Customer Satisfaction Index (CSI dan Customer Loyalty Index (CLI. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwav ariabel laten eksogen tangible, reliability, food quality dan perceived value memiliki hubungan yang signifikan dalam membentuk variabel kepuasan.Dari hasil analisis SEM, didapat nilai perhitungan CSI untuk konsumen restoran Nasi Bebek Ginyo yaitu sebesar 67,78% dan nilai CLI dari penelitian ini yaitu sebesar 58,11%. Implikasi manajerial yang disarankan untuk manajemen restoran Nasi Bebek Ginyo guna memperbaiki kinerja perusahaan, yang akan berdampak pada peningkatan kepuasan dan loyalitas konsumen.Kata kunci: kepuasan konsumen, loyalitas konsumen, SEM, CSI, CLI

  4. ALTERNATIF STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN EKSPOR MINYAK SAWIT INDONESIA

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    Bambang Dradjat

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} The development of palm oil export from 2000 to 2006 showed the competitiveness position of Indonesia in the world mar ket was fairly good. In order to increase the growth and values of palm oil export, the experts thought that the role of government as regulators and facilitators are very important.  The government became the main actor for the export development throuh de/regulation related to the palm oil commodity.  The objectives of actors could be achieved by combining strategies (i encrease capacity of Belawan and Dumai harbours, (ii reduction/elimination of loan repayment during grace period of revitalization program, (iii  human resource develeopment for both societies and workers with participative funding from Central Government, Local Government, and enterprises, (iv reduced cost and time in processing land sertification and Hak Guna Usaha (HGU, (v improved access for farmers to financial institution (bank, (vi the establishment of harbours in regions based on palm oil production in the region, and (viii the development of farm roads.      

  5. DINAMIKA SISTEM KOTA-KOTA DAN PEMILIHAN ALTERNATIF PUSAT PERTUMBUHAN BARU DI PROPINSI DAERAH ISTIMEWA YOGYAKARTA

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    Bambang Sriyanto Prakoso

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Tujuan penelitian adalah menganalisa dinamika dan variasi perkembangan sistem kota-kota dan karakter kekotaan, guna memilih atau menentukan alternatif pengembangan pusat pusat baru di Propinsi sehingga pembangunan lebih merata. Penelitian menggunakan metode deskriptifianalitis dengan analisis data sekunder. Lingkup daerah penelitian meliputi seluruh desa di Propinsi DIY, sejumlah 438 desa yang tersebar di lima Kabupaten. Variabel yang digunakan meliputi variabel demografis untuk menganalisa sistem dan hirarki kota-kota dan variabel karakter kekotaan. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan adalah Index primacy, Analisis Faktor, Crosstab dan Korelasi, Pembuatan Tipologi Wilayah. Sedangkan analisis spasial atau pemetaan dengan program Arc View. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan, dinamika sistem kota-kota di Propinsi DIY sepanjang tahun 1960-2002 memperlihatkan gejala primacy atau pemusatan perkembangan di Kota Yogyakarta dan sekitarnya (pinggiran. Hal tersebut mengindikasikan adanya kesenjangan perkembangan wilayah dan beban kota semakin meningkat. Semakin tinggi peringkat wilayah, semakin dinamis perubahan yang terjadi, sena semakin tinggi karakter kekotaan yang dimilikinya. Fenomena pemusatan perkembangan yang tedadi di kota Yogyakarta dan sekitarnya merupakan bukti empiris pemusatan sistem perkotaan. Berdasarkan analisis yang komprehensif, ditetapkan kluster pusat pertumbuhan baru di lima Kabupaten Kota, yaitu Kluster Sentolo (Kabupaten Kulonprogo, Kluster Srandakan-Galur (Kabupaten Bantul, Kluster Playen-Patuk (Kabupaten Gunung Kidul, Kluster Tempel-Sleman (Kabupaten Sleman, dan Kluster Giwangan (Kota Yogyakarta. Penelitian merekomendasikan redistribusi hasil-hasil pembangunan melalui pengembangan dan penguatan pusat pertumbuhan baru, pembentukan tata ruang perwilayahan dan sistem perkotaan yang fungsional. Pusat pertumbuhan baru harus `mandiri. dan diintegrasikan dengan wilayah belakangnya (hinterland, sehingga tercipta keterkaitan fisik

  6. INTEGRASI HERMENEUTIKA DAN TAFSIR Pembaharuan Metodologi Tafsir

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    Muhammad Faisal Hamdani

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Renewal of interpretation method require to continue remember to the number of novelty which emerge and not yet been met in a period of the Messenger of God (Rasūl Allāh, friend of ṡe Messenger, and the next generation. Beside, growth of science obliging ṡe understanding of al-Quran also use the sciences utilize to open contents exist in depth so that problems which not yet been “read” in that Holy Book texts can comprehend by people in this time. One other require to be considered is to take things which either from method of hermeneutic to be integrated with interpretation method, though part of it refuse with reason of feebler visible. This article will elaborate integration of hermeneutic with interpretation and some assumed the example more relevant for context nowadays and can be made by alternative interpret choice. Abstrak: Pembaharuan metode tafsir perlu terus dilakukan mengingat banyaknya hal-hal baru yang muncul dan belum ditemui di masa Rasul, sahabat dan generasi berikutnya. Di samping itu, perkembangan ilmu pengetahuan yang mengharuskan pemahaman al-Quran juga menggunakan ilmu-ilmu tersebut guna menguak kandungan-kandungan yang ada di dalamnya sehingga persoalan-persoalan yang belum “terbaca” dalam teks-teks Kitab Suci itu bisa dipahami oleh umat saat ini. Salah satu yang perlu dipertimbangkan adalah mengambil hal-hal yang baik dari metode hermeneutika untuk diintegrasikan pada metode tafsir, meskipun sebagiannya menolak dengan alasan yang tampak lebih lemah. Tulisan ini akan menguraikan integrasi hermeneutika dengan tafsir dan beberapa contohnya yang dianggap lebih relevan untuk kontek kekinian dan dapat dijadikan alternatif tafsir pilihan. Kata-kata Kunci: Integrasi, Tajdīd, Hermeneutik, Tafsir, al-Żikr, dan ta’wīl.

  7. ANALISA FAKTOR PENYEBAB KEGAGALAN MESIN GRINDER PADA PROSES PRODUKSI PLASTIC FILM DI PT. MUTIARA HEXAGON

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    Imam Hidayat

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Bila suatu mesin memiliki tingkat kegagalan yang tinggi, maka perlu dilakukan analisis mengenai  penyebab  –  penyebab  kegagalan  tersebut  hingga  ke  akar  permasalahannya sehingga dapat menentukan tindakan yang sesuai untuk meningkatkan kinerja suatu mesin. PT. Mutiara Hexagon merupakan sebuah perusahaan yang bergerak dibidang industri pembuatan plastik  kemasan.  Dalam  line  pembuatan lembaran film  diperlukan mesin  CPP  (Cast  Poly Propylene Machine dan mesin grinder dalam prosesnya. Pada penelitian yang dilakukan di PT. Mutiara Hexagon, terdapat beberapa kegagalan yang terjadi pada mesin grinder pada proses produksi plastic film, sehingga menyebabkan seluruh line pada divisi film mengalami downtime. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk melakukan analisa mengenai faktor penyebab kegagalan mesin grinder, penulis melakukan observasi secara langsung dan melihat proses produksi plastic film.Penulis menggunakan metode Failure Effect and Mode Analysis (FMEA dan Fault Tree Analysis (FTA. Penerapan analisis Failure Effect and  Mode Analysis (FMEA dapat menentukan sejauh mana tingkat kegagalan terjadi. Dari hasil analisis FMEA kemudian dapat dilanjutkan dengan menggunakan Fault Tree Analysis (FTA guna mengetahui lebih lanjut penyebab-penyebab dasar suatu kegagalan.Dari hasil perhitungan nilai Risk Priority Number (RPN pada tiap-tiap kegagalan yang terjadi  diantaranya yang  paling  tinggi  adalah kegagalan mesin  grinder rusak  dengan nilai kegagalannya mencapai 120. Kemudian dianalisa penyebab kegagalan tersebut dengan menggunakan metode FTA di dapatkan minimal cut sets yaitu: as grinder patah, katup hisap blower terbuka terlalu besar, kegagalan pada motor blower, baut pada dudukan pisau patah, pisau tumpul dan human error. Berdasarkan nilai probabilitas masing-masing cut set didapatkan nilai probabilitas kegagalan grinder periode 1 Juni 2012 -1 Juni 2013 mencapai 60%.

  8. Personality, cognitive styles and Morningness-Eveningness disposition in a sample of Yoga trainees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavallera, Guido Maria; Gatto, Massimo; Boari, Giuseppe

    2014-02-13

    Yoga is a psychophysical, spiritual science of holistic living, aiming towards body and mind development; it can influence well-being, cognitive processes, personality (Gunas), psychophysiological parameters, and human health. Since it has been observed that Morningness-Eveningness disposition is associated with personality, and that personality can characterize people practicing Yoga, in this exploratory study we posited that Morningness-Eveningness might be associated with personality in Yoga trainees. Since Yoga can have influences over cognitive perspectives, and since it has been observed that Morningness-Eveningness disposition can associate with cognitive processes, we investigated a sample of Yoga trainees with reference to relationship with styles of learning and thinking (relevant aspects of cognitive functioning) and also with Morningness-Eveningness disposition. We tested 184 Yoga trainees using the following questionnaires: Styles of Learning and Thinking (Torrance), Big Five Questionnaire (Caprara, Barbaranelli, Borgogni), and reduced Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire (Natale). We found that Morning types score significantly higher than Evening types on Conscientiousness, Friendliness, Scrupulousness, Openness to Culture, emotional Stability, emotion Control, they score higher than intermediate types on Conscientiousness, Friendliness, Scrupulousness. Moreover, data showed that the high majority of subjects, also with reference to Morningness-Eveningness disposition, have right-sided styles of learning and thinking, pointing out a tendency towards right-sided cognitive precessing in the whole sample. Personality traits of the Yoga trainees were also investigated. Data are discussed with reference to existing literature, psychological and neuroscientific perspectives are suggested, previous studies about Yoga published on Medical Science Monitor are also considered.

  9. Perancangan Termal Heat Recovery Steam Generator Sistem Tekanan Dua Tingkat Dengan Variasi Beban Gas Turbin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anson Elian

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Seiring dengan meningkatnya perkembangan ekonomi suatu negara, maka akan meningkat juga kebutuhan terhadap energi terkhusus pada energi listrik. Salah satu upaya yang dapat dilakukan guna meningkatkan produksi tenaga listrik dengan penggunaan energi bahan bakar fosil seefisien mungkin adalah menggunakan siklus kombinasi PLTGU (Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Gas dan Uap. Pada sistem PLTGU tersebut terdapat komponen Heat Recovery Steam Generator (HRSG yang bekerja dengan cara menggunakan sisa panas dari gas buang (exhaust gas turbin yang kemudian digunakan untuk memproduksi uap (steam. Studi perancangan termal ini dilakukan dengan menganalisa data input berupa laju alir massa keluaran gas turbin, temperatur keluaran gas turbin, kandungan keluaran gas turbin, temperatur uap keluar HRSG, dan tekanan uap keluar HRSG. Langkah awal adalah menentukan beban kalor pada setiap modul agar dapat menentukan distribusi temperatur pada HRSG. Kemudian masing-masing dari modul HRSG ditentukan luas permukaan perpindahan panas. Lalu, pressure drop dan efisiensi pada sistem HRSG diukur. Terdapat 4 variasi beban turbin gas yaitu saat 100 %, 90%, 80%, dan 70%. Dari variasi tersebut, dapat ditinjau perbedaan laju alir massa uap/air yang dibutuhkan dari masing-masing beban gas turbin. Hasil yang diperoleh dari perancangan ini adalah untuk mengubah air dari 70oC menjadi uap 401oC menggunakan gas buang turbin bertemperatur 437oC, dibutuhkan luas perpindahan panas total sebesar 25.966 m2. Dari analisa variasi beban gas turbin, didapat bahwa semakin tinggi beban gas turbin maka akan semakin tinggi laju alir massa air/uap yang dapat dihasilkan, yaitu pada beban gas turbin 70% didapat 15 kg/s, pada beban gas turbin 80% didapat 15,3 kg/s, pada beban gas turbin 90% didapat 17,37 kg/s, dan pada beban gas turbin 100% didapat 18,59 kg/s.

  10. Ekstraksi Pektin dari Kulit dan Tandan Pisang dengan Variasi Suhu dan Metode (Pectin Extraction from Banana Peels and Bunch with Various Temperatures and Methods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurhayati Nurhayati

    2016-12-01

    ABSTRAK Seiring peningkatan produksi pisang tentu akan diikuti dengan peningkatan limbah pisang seperti kulit dan tandan buah pisang. Pemanfaatan limbah pisang tersebut masih belum optimal. Padahal di dalamnya terkandung substansi alami tanaman yang memiliki nilai guna tinggi yaitu pektin yang tersusun atas molekul asam galakturonat membentuk asam poligalakturonat. Pektin dimanfaatkan sebagai bahan penstabil pada sari buah, jelly, jam dan marmalade. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui karakteristik tepung dari kulit dan tandan pisang, mengetahui pengaruh perlakuan suhu (60 °C dan 80 °C dan metode ekstraksi (satu, dua dan tiga tingkat terhadap rendemen pektin, serta karakteristik pektin yang terekstrak. Limbah pisang berasal dari pisang varietas agung dan embug. Ekstraksi pektin dilakukan dengan menggunakan pelarut air pada perbandingan tepung dan air sebesar 1:54 (ekstraksi satu tingkat, 1:27 (ekstraksi dua tingkat dan 1:18 (ekstraksi tiga tingkat. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan karakrestik tepung limbah pisang yaitu kadar air berkisar antara 8,14 sampai dengan 9,05 % dengan kadar pektin tertinggi terdapat pada kulit pisang embug 4,54 % dan derajat putih tepung limbah pisang berkisar antara 50,80 sampai dengan 55,21 %. Rendemen pektin dapat terekstrak optimal pada kondisi ekstraksi suhu ekstraksi 80 °C dengan dua tingkat ekstraksi. Kulit pisang mengandung pektin lebih banyak daripada tandan pisang. Pektin yang terekstrak memiliki derajat putih sekitar 31,31 sampai dengan 38,12 %. Gugus fungsi pektin limbah pisang tersusun atas gugus alkohol (primer, sekunder dan tersier, amina primer, amida (monosub dan dwisubtitusi serta karbonat kovalen. Kata kunci: Kulit dan tandan pisang; ekstraksi; gugus fungsi; pektin; suhu

  11. Museum Ullen Sentalu dalam Perspektif Seni Budaya

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    Doro Daniwati

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Museum merupakan tempat yang sering tidak bisa dilewatkan oleh wisatawan guna memuaskan rasa ingin tahu tentang keunikan dari sebuah kota tujuan wisata. Museum juga sering dikunjungi oleh baik para ilmuwan maupun para akademisi yang melakukan studi/riset/kajian tentang hal-hal yang memiliki nilai-nilai keunikan historis, arkeologis, estetis dan termasuk semua hal yang bernuansa memorabilia dan nostalgia. Ullen Sentalu merupakan museum yang agak unik karena di samping lokasinya yang agak jauh dari hingar bingar kesibukan kota, namun keberadaannya merupakan kebutuhan seni budaya perkotaan. Keunikan dari museum ini terletak pada nilai koleksi artefak-artefaknya yang menghadirkan khusus tentang benda-benda kewanitaan yang bernuansa warisan budaya monarki Mataram Lama yang berbeda dengan koleksi museum lainnya di tanah air.   Museum is a place where tourists are unable to easily neglect for satisfying their curiousity about the uniqueness found in the tourism destination cities.The museum is also commonly visited by artists, academicians, and scientists for their research and studies of variety subjects which discuss the values of historical, archeological, and aesthetic uniqueness, and any subjects that are concerned with those of memorabilia and nostalgic evidence. Ullen Sentalu museum is rather unique when we see the location in the ’remote’ area which is far from the frenetic bustle of the city yet its existence constitutes the needs of urban culture. The uniqueness of this museum lies on the value of artefacts collections which particularly bring the feminine objects nuenced the cultural heritage of the Old Mataram monarchy which are completely different from other museum collections in the country.

  12. Sistem Panjaminan Mutu Pendidikan Dengan TOGAF ADM Untuk Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wiyana

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Perencanaan penerapan teknologi informasi digunakan untuk menciptakan keselarasan dengan fungsi bisnis bagi kebutuhan organisasi. Kerangka penyelarasan kesenjangan organisasi dibutuhkan sebagai paradigma dalam merencanakan, merancang, dan mengelola sistem informasi yang disebut dengan Enterprise Architecture (EA. Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan (SMK sebagai institusi pendidikan dalam mengembangkan arsitektur enterprise mengadopsi framework The Open Group Architecture Framework (TOGAF Architecture Development Method (ADM untuk mengintegrasikan fungsi bisnis sekolah guna mendukung Sistem Penjaminan Mutu Pendidikan (SPMP. Metodologi perancangan EA dengan membangun arsitektur bisnis, data, aplikasi dan teknologi menghasilkan blueprint yang dijadikan model dasar dalam pengembangan arsitektur untuk mendukung pencapaian tujuan strategis organisasi. Pengujian validitas rancangan EA digunakan EA Scorecard untuk metode analisanya. Tahapan rancangan untuk implementasi disesuaikan dengan standar tata kelola teknologi informasi dari kerangka Permenkominfo No.41 tahun 2007 dan critical succes factor untuk keberhasihan penerapan rancangan EA. Abstract Planning application of information technology is used to create the conformity with the business functions for the organization's needs. The framework for conformation of organizational gapsis needed as paradigm in planning, designing, and managing information systems architecture called Enterprise Architecture (EA. Vocational High School (Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan, SMK as an educational institution adopted framework The Open Group Architecture Framework (TOGAF Architecture Development Method (ADM in developing the enterprise architecture to integrate the business functions of the school for supporting the Education Quality Assurance System (SPMP. The approach of EA design which build a business architecture, data, applications and technologies used to produce the blueprint that is the basic model in the

  13. PA01.34. Catagorical interpretation in Microsoft excel of jangam dravya database from Bruhat-Trayi & Laghu-Trayi

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saraf, Abhijeet

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: Not a single drug in Ayurveda has been termed as non-medicinal. This means every Dravya has medicinal value in this world. Jangam dravya is an animal sourced medicine. In samhita Jangam Dravya are described first. So as per Krama Varnan Vichar, Jangam Dravyas are significant in this type. In Ayurvedic literature there is more literature on Audbhid & Parthiva Dravyas. I Total available nighantu: more than 25. Total available Rasa Grantha: about 145. There is no one Grantha on Jangam Dravya which describes their whole information. Jangam Dravyas are described in Ayurvedic literature in different views and in different branches. Gross description is available in Samhitas. But they aren’t in format. They are not compiled according to their Guna Karma, Upayogitwa, Vyadhiharatwa, and Kalpa etc. Their use in Chikitsa is minimal as their ready references are not available, though very much effective. So due to sheer need of compilation of these references this topic was selected for study. The basic need for study of Jangam Dravya is to prepare its whole DATABASE. So through this study Database of Jangam Dravya can be available like Jangam Dravya. Method: Selection of topic this is a fundamental & literary study, Selection of material, Selection of Database software & font, Collection of data & preparation of Master Chart, Preparation of Database, Interpretation & summarization of data. Result: So in this paper, we are going to focus on literature availability of jangam dravya with the help of modern technique like Microsoft Excel. And also how we can prepare and use the categorical interpretation of jangam dravya with help of database Conclusion: Jangam Dravyas are described in Ayurvedic literature in different views and in different branches. Importances of these dravyas are the main key point of this study.

  14. Strategi Peningkatan Daya Saing Usaha Kecil dan Menengah (UKM Berbasis Kaizen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andi Suranta Meliala

    2016-04-01

    Perekonomian adalah salah satu faktor kemajuan suatu negara. Setiap negara bersaing ketat untuk meningkatkan produktvitas perekonomiannya. Perekonomian Indonesia saat ini menempati urutan ke 17 dunia. Pertumbuhan ekonomi di Indonesia yang sangat signifikan ternyata tidak lepas dari peran dari usaha kecil dan menengah (UKM yang menopang pertumbuhan ekspor dan impor, salah satu UKM yang bisa diunggulkan adalah UKM pembuatan sepatu. Peran UKM yang begitu besar dan signifikan harus terus dijaga dan dikembangkan untuk bisa bersaing pada era persaingan global seperti penerapan Masyarakat Ekonomi Asean (MEA pada januari 2015. Permasalahan yang mengganggu perkembangan dan produktivitas dari UKM sepatu, khususnya di sekitar Kota Medan akan dibagi kedalam 4 kategori, yaitu:(1 manusia, (2 proses, (3 fasilitas, dan (4 Persaingan usaha. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian, diketahui bahwa permasalahan yang paling utama yang mempengaruhi perkembangan UKM sepatu di Kota Medan adalah sumber daya manusianya. Pemecahan permasalahan ini akan dilakukan dengan strategi Kaizen (5S yang akan dipadukan dengan konsep Training within industry (TWI dan konsep P-Course. Perbaikan ini akan menghasilkan strategi-strategi untuk peningkatan produktivitas kerja UKM secara keseluruhan dengan fokus utama adalah pekerja dan sistem kerjanya. Strategi ini diharapkan mampu membenahi kelemahan UKM sepatu yang ada, guna menghadapi ketatnya persaingan global yang akan datang.  Kata kunci: Usaha kecil dan menengah (UKM, kaizen, training within industry (TWI,konsep p-course, konsep 5S

  15. Retrieving current and wind vectors from ATI SAR data: airborne evidence and inversion strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Adrien; Gommenginger, Christine; Chapron, Bertrand; Marquez, José; Doody, Sam

    2017-04-01

    Conventional and along-track interferometric (ATI) Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) sense the motion of the ocean surface by measuring the Doppler shift of reflected signals. Together with the water displacement associated with ocean currents, the SAR measurements are also affected by a Wind-wave induced Artefact Surface Velocity (WASV) caused by the velocity of Bragg scatterers and the orbital velocity of ocean surface gravity waves. The WASV has been modelled theoretically in past studies but has been estimated empirically only once using Envisat ASAR. Here we propose, firstly, to evaluate this WASV from airborne ATI SAR data, secondly, to validate the airborne retrieved surface current after correction of the WASV against HF radar measurements and thirdly to examine the best inversion strategy for a an Ocean Surface Current (OSC) satellite mission to retrieve accurately both the ocean surface current vector (OSCV) and the wind vector in the frame of an OSC satellite mission. The airborne ATI SAR data were acquired in the tidally dominated Irish Sea using a Wavemill-type dual-beam SAR interferometer. A comprehensive collection of airborne Wavemill data acquired in a star pattern over a well-instrumented site made it possible to estimate the magnitude and dependence on azimuth and incidence angle of the WASV. The airborne results compare favourably with those reported for Envisat ASAR, empirical model, which has been used to correct for it. Validation of the current retrieval capabilities of the proof-of-concept has been conducted against HF radar giving a precisions typically better than 0.1 m/s for surface current speed and 7° for direction. Comparisons with POLCOMS (1.8 km) indicate that the model reproduces well the overall temporal evolution but does not capture the high spatial variability of ocean surface currents at the maximum ebb flow. Airborne retrieved currents highlight a short-scale spatial variability up to 100m related to bathymetry channels, which

  16. The impact of climate and composition on playa surface roughness: Investigation of atmospheric mineral dust emission mechanisms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tollerud, H. J.; Fantle, M. S.

    2011-12-01

    Atmospheric mineral dust has a wide range of impacts, including the transport of elements in geochemical cycles, health hazards from small particles, and climate forcing via the reflection of sunlight from dust particles. In particular, the mineral dust component of climate forcing is one of the most uncertain elements in the IPCC climate forcing summary. Mineral dust is also an important component of geochemical cycles. For instance, dust inputs to the ocean potentially affect the iron cycle by stimulating natural iron fertilization, which could then modify climate via the biological pump. Also dust can transport nutrients over long distances and fertilize nutrient-poor regions, such as island ecosystems or the Amazon rain forest. However, there are still many uncertainties in quantifying dust emissions from source regions. One factor that influences dust emission is surface roughness and texture, since a weak, unconsolidated surface texture is more easily ablated by wind than a strong, hard crust. We are investigating the impact of processes such as precipitation, groundwater evaporation, and wind on surface roughness in a playa dust source region. We find that water has a significant influence on surface roughness. We utilize ESA's Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar (ASAR) instrument to measure roughness in the playa. A map of roughness indicates where the playa surface is smooth (on the scale of centimeters) and potentially very strong, and where it is rough and might be more sensitive to disturbance. We have analyzed approximately 40 ASAR observations of the Black Rock Desert from 2007-2011. In general, the playa is smoother and more variable over time relative to nearby areas. There is also considerable variation within the playa. While the playa roughness maps changed significantly between summers and between observations during the winters, over the course of each summer, the playa surface maintained essentially the same roughness pattern. This suggests that

  17. Using remote sensing data for exploitation of integrated renewable energy at coastal site in South Italy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calaudi, Rosamaria; Lo Feudo, Teresa; Calidonna, Claudia Roberta; Sempreviva, Anna Maria

    2016-04-01

    estimation we used Synthetic-Aperture-Radar (SAR) images from March 2002 to April 2012 for a total of 3269 ENVISAT-ASAR scenes acquired in Wide-Swath-Mode (WSM). Wind speed in the Mediterranean is retrieved using the Johns Hopkins University, Applied Physics Laboratory (JHU-APL) software APL-NOAA-SAR Wind Retrieval System. The ASAR is a C-band VV and HH instrument with a 405 km swath with 150 m and 1 km resolution in wide-swath mode. With a 35-day repeat orbit the revisit frequency will give daily coverage near the poles and weekly at the equator. We performed statistical analyses for wind parameters. The SAR-based wind results at the location test near Vibo Valentia show that the average of wind speed is U= 5.63 ms-1, the Weibull parameters are A=6.3 ms-1 and k=1.70. The power density of the wind is E=245 Wm-2.The high spatial resolution of the gridded SAR data is particularly relevant to study coastal sites, where most part of human activities is located. In order to create a zero emissions' harbor area, remote sensing satellite data, can be used for smart grid which employed renewable energies.

  18. Effects of changing rice cultural practices on C-band synthetic aperture radar backscatter using Envisat advanced synthetic aperture radar data in the Mekong River Delta

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lam-Dao, Nguyen; Le Toan, Thuy; Apan, Armando; Bouvet, Alexandre; Young, Frank; Le-van, Trung

    2009-11-01

    Changes in rice cultivation systems have been observed in the Mekong River Delta, Vietnam. Among the changes in cultural practices, the change from transplanting to direct sowing, the use of water-saving technology, and the use of high production method could have impacts on radar remote sensing methods previously developed for rice monitoring. Using Envisat (Environmental Satellite) ASAR (Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar) data over the province of An Giang, this study showed that the radar backscattering behaviour is much different from that of the reported traditional rice. At the early stage of the season, direct sowing on fields with rough and wet soil surface provides very high backscatter values for HH (Horizontal transmit - Horizontal receive polarisation) and VV (Vertical transmit - Vertical receive polarisation) data, as a contrast compared to the very low backscatter of fields covered with water before emergence. The temporal increase of the backscatter is therefore not observed clearly over direct sowing fields. Hence, the use of the intensity temporal change as a rice classifier proposed previously may not apply. Due to the drainage that occurs during the season, HH, VV and HH/VV are not strongly related to biomass, in contrast with past results. However, HH/VV ratio could be used to derive the rice/non-rice classification algorithm for all conditions of rice fields in the test province. The mapping results using the HH/VV polarization ratio at a single date in the middle period of the rice season were assessed using statistical data at different districts in the province, where very high accuracy was found. The method can be applied to other regions, provided that the synthetic aperture radar data are acquired during the peak period of the rice season, and that few training fields provide adjusted threshold values used in the method.

  19. Automated global water mapping based on wide-swath orbital synthetic-aperture radar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. S. Westerhoff

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an automated technique which ingests orbital synthetic-aperture radar (SAR imagery and outputs surface water maps in near real time and on a global scale. The service anticipates future open data dissemination of water extent information using the European Space Agency's Sentinel-1 data. The classification methods used are innovative and practical and automatically calibrated to local conditions per 1 × 1° tile. For each tile, a probability distribution function in the range between being covered with water or being dry is established based on a long-term SAR training dataset. These probability distributions are conditional on the backscatter and the incidence angle. In classification mode, the probability of water coverage per pixel of 1 km × 1 km is calculated with the input of the current backscatter – incidence angle combination. The overlap between the probability distributions of a pixel being wet or dry is used as a proxy for the quality of our classification. The service has multiple uses, e.g. for water body dynamics in times of drought or for urgent inundation extent determination during floods. The service generates data systematically: it is not an on-demand service activated only for emergency response, but instead is always up-to-date and available. We validate its use in flood situations using Envisat ASAR information during the 2011 Thailand floods and the Pakistan 2010 floods and perform a first merge with a NASA near real time water product based on MODIS optical satellite imagery. This merge shows good agreement between these independent satellite-based water products.

  20. Ocean Current Retrievals and Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johannessen, J. A.; Holt, B.; Collard, F.; Kudryavtsev, V.; Romeiser, R.; Mouche, A.

    2013-03-01

    Since the SEASAT mission in 1978, spaceborne synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images of ocean scenes have been used successfully for a variety of applications including mesoscale current features. However, although the SAR image expressions frequently manifest presence of frontal boundaries and eddies it is not straightforward to retrieve quantitative estimates from these expressions. To compensate for this limitation forward models, in which a prescribed surface current field as well as sea surface temperature and wind field are invoked, have regularly been used to simulate the SAR image expressions (Kudryavtsev et al., 2005). On the other hand, technology progress in this decade has enabled overcoming this shortcoming to some extent. The split-antenna mode of TerraSAR-X permits an acquisition of two SAR images with a short time lag for along-track interferometry (Romeiser and Runge, 2007; Romeiser et al., 2010). Additionally advanced processing of conventional SAR raw data, demonstrated with ENVISAT ASAR data, permits velocity retrievals at a reduced spatial resolution even with a single antenna (Chapron et al., 2005). Moreover, in a recent paper by Kudryavtsev et al., (2012) the use of sensor synergy has shown great potential for mapping of intense cross-frontal dynamics and vertical motions at the mesoscale to sub-mesoscale. Based on such a synergetic approach combining SST, sun-glitter brightness and radar backscatter anomalies, these studies have demonstrated the ability to obtain consistent and quantitative determination of the location and intensity of the surface current convergence/divergence connected with upwelling/downwelling along frontal zones and eddies. These methodologies and their inherent advantages and limitations are further addressed in this paper.

  1. Satellite on-board real-time SAR processor prototype

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergeron, Alain; Doucet, Michel; Harnisch, Bernd; Suess, Martin; Marchese, Linda; Bourqui, Pascal; Desnoyers, Nicholas; Legros, Mathieu; Guillot, Ludovic; Mercier, Luc; Châteauneuf, François

    2017-11-01

    A Compact Real-Time Optronic SAR Processor has been successfully developed and tested up to a Technology Readiness Level of 4 (TRL4), the breadboard validation in a laboratory environment. SAR, or Synthetic Aperture Radar, is an active system allowing day and night imaging independent of the cloud coverage of the planet. The SAR raw data is a set of complex data for range and azimuth, which cannot be compressed. Specifically, for planetary missions and unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) systems with limited communication data rates this is a clear disadvantage. SAR images are typically processed electronically applying dedicated Fourier transformations. This, however, can also be performed optically in real-time. Originally the first SAR images were optically processed. The optical Fourier processor architecture provides inherent parallel computing capabilities allowing real-time SAR data processing and thus the ability for compression and strongly reduced communication bandwidth requirements for the satellite. SAR signal return data are in general complex data. Both amplitude and phase must be combined optically in the SAR processor for each range and azimuth pixel. Amplitude and phase are generated by dedicated spatial light modulators and superimposed by an optical relay set-up. The spatial light modulators display the full complex raw data information over a two-dimensional format, one for the azimuth and one for the range. Since the entire signal history is displayed at once, the processor operates in parallel yielding real-time performances, i.e. without resulting bottleneck. Processing of both azimuth and range information is performed in a single pass. This paper focuses on the onboard capabilities of the compact optical SAR processor prototype that allows in-orbit processing of SAR images. Examples of processed ENVISAT ASAR images are presented. Various SAR processor parameters such as processing capabilities, image quality (point target analysis), weight and

  2. Detection of Creep Displacement by DInSAR using TerraSAR-X data around Active Fault in the Metro Manila, the Philippine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deguchi, T.

    2010-12-01

    Tomonori Deguchi (Nittetsu Mining Consultants Co., Ltd.) Yoshihiro Kinugasa (Association for the Development of Earthquake Prediction) Katsumi Kurita (Tokyo Metropolitan College of Industrial Technology) Makoto Omura (Kochi Womes's University) Tomoya Oku (Earth Remote Sensing Data Analysis Center) Many ground deformations have been occurred by earthquakes and volcanic activities in the Republic of the Philippines. The monitoring of deformation using InSAR, which is capable to observe a wide area at high spatial resolution, as well as GPS measurement and leveling survey, which are capable to measure the point-based but subtle land displacement less than a centimeter, is actively conducted in this country. The Valley fault exhibits fault creep displacement. It is a north-south trending active fault on the eastern edge of the Metro Manila district, central Luzon. Some buildings and road pavement are damaged by vertical displacement of the ground where the central segment of the fault passes through. Moreover, overpumping of groundwater in the Metro Manila district has occurred huge ground subsidences. The purpose of this study is to investigate the distribution of spatial and temporal change on the earth surface around Metro Manila. We measured long-term ground deformation from 2003 until 2010 by means of InSAR and time series analysis using ENVISAT/ASAR data. As a result, it shows that the uplift phenomena in the western part of Valley fault are uniform. On the other hand, the land movement in the eastern part of the Valley fault had reversed from subsidence to uplift in around 2007. It would be difficult to conceive that these tendencies resulted from groundwater pumping. We applied DInSAR using TerraSAR-X data in order to measure the detailed spatial distribution of creep displacement around the Valley fault. Additionally, we tried to detect a steep gradient of interferometric phase using the first differentiation. From this analysis, some segments in the direction

  3. Extent and distribution of aseismic slip on the Ismetpaşa segment of the North Anatolian Fault (Turkey) from Persistent Scatterer InSAR

    KAUST Repository

    Cetin, Esra

    2014-07-01

    We use the Persistent Scatterer InSAR (PSI) technique with elastic dislocation models and geology along the creeping section of the North Anatolian Fault (NAF) at Ismetpaşa, to map and deduce the velocity field and the aseismic slip distribution. Revealing the spatiotemporal nature of the creep helped us associate the creep with potential lithological controls, hence providing a new perspective to better understand the underlying causes and mechanisms. The PSI analysis of Envisat ASAR images between 2003 and 2010 reveals a clear picture of surface creep along the fault and a new interseismic velocity field transitioning gradually between the creeping and the locked fault sections. The creep rate is found to fluctuate along a 100 km long section of the fault in a manner similar to that along the Hayward fault, reaching a maximum of ∼20±2 mm/yr, close to the far field plate velocity (∼25±1.5 mm/yr). At Ismetpaşa, it is in the range of 8±2 mm/yr, consistent with the previous geodetic observations. The creeping section appears to extend 30 km further east than those previously reported. Modeling of the PSI data reveals a heterogeneous creep distribution at depth with two main patches confined mostly to the uppermost 5 km portion of the seismogenic crust, releasing annually 6.2 × 1016 Nm (Mw=5.1) geodetic moment. Our analysis combined with previous studies suggests that creep might have commenced as postseismic deformation following the 1944 earthquake and has evolved to stable fault creep with time. There is a correlation between aseismic surface creep and the geology along the fault as it is in major part associated to rocks with low frictional strength such as the andesitic-basaltic, limestone, and serpentine bodies within the fault zone. © 2014. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.

  4. Monitoring of sea ice drift and area flux in the Fram Strait

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandven, S.; Kloster, K.; Wåhlin, J.

    2009-04-01

    The western part of the Fram strait is normally covered with sea ice throughout the year. The ice is stationary as fast ice out to 70 -140km from the Greenland coast. Outside is a zone with drifting ice with a gradual increase in drift speed further eastwards to the centre of the strait. Since 2004 NERSC has used ENVISAT ASAR Wideswath images with 150 m resolution to estimate ice drift with three days interval. To resolve the zonal variability in the ice drift field, strait is divided into four different zones. Zone I has usually fastice, zone II is the transition zone with a zonal ice drift gradient, Zone III is only drifting ice and zone IV includes the shelf break and the marginal ice zone where the ice drift is normally at a maximum. This is zone is also more difficult for ice drift for ice drift retrieval from satellites because of quite homogeneous ice cover. The ice area flux is calculated from the detailed ice drift- and concentration-profiles at 79N, as the integral in longitude of the product of ice concentration and ice displacement. The data shows an increased ice flux over the last four seasons since 2004-05. The SAR derived ice drift data are compared with similar ice drift data from AMSRE and merged QuikScat and SSMI data for the winter season October to April when passive microwave and scatterometer data can be used for ice drift retrieval. The comparison shows that the SAR data resolves the zonal structure and gives a general higher ice drift compared the other data sets. SAR also provides year-round data on ice drift, which allows a more precise estimation of monthly and annual ice area fluxes. The study is supported by the DAMOCLES project.

  5. Flood Inundation Modelling Under Uncertainty Using Globally and Freely Available Remote Sensing Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, K.; Di Baldassarre, G.; Giustarini, L.; Solomatine, D. P.

    2012-04-01

    The extreme consequences of recent catastrophic events have highlighted that flood risk prevention still needs to be improved to reduce human losses and economic damages, which have considerably increased worldwide in recent years. Flood risk management and long term floodplain planning are vital for living with floods, which is the currently proposed approach to cope with floods. To support the decision making processes, a significant issue is the availability of data to build appropriate and reliable models, from which the needed information could be obtained. The desirable data for model building, calibration and validation are often not sufficient or available. A unique opportunity is offered nowadays by globally available data which can be freely downloaded from internet. This might open new opportunities for filling the gap between available and needed data, in order to build reliable models and potentially lead to the development of global inundation models to produce floodplain maps for the entire globe. However, there remains the question of what is the real potential of those global remote sensing data, characterized by different accuracy, for global inundation monitoring and how to integrate them with inundation models. This research aims at contributing to understand whether the current globally and freely available remote sensing data (e.g. SRTM, SAR) can be actually used to appropriately support inundation modelling. In this study, the SRTM DEM is used for hydraulic model building, while ENVISAT-ASAR satellite imagery is used for model validation. To test the usefulness of these globally and freely available data, a model based on the high resolution LiDAR DEM and ground data (high water marks) is used as benchmark. The work is carried out on a data-rich test site: the River Alzette in the north of Luxembourg City. Uncertainties are estimated for both SRTM and LiDAR based models. Probabilistic flood inundation maps are produced under the framework of

  6. Fault plane modelling of the 2003 August 14 Lefkada Island (Greece) earthquake based on the analysis of ENVISAT SAR interferograms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ilieva, M.; Briole, P.; Ganas, A.; Dimitrov, D.; Elias, P.; Mouratidis, A.; Charara, R.

    2016-12-01

    On 2003 August 14, a Mw = 6.2 earthquake occurred offshore the Lefkada Island in the eastern Ionian Sea, one of the most seismically active areas in Europe. The earthquake caused extended damages in the island, and a number of ground failures, especially along the north-western coast. Seven ascending ENVISAT/ASAR images are used to process six co-seismic interferograms. The ROI-PAC package is used for interferogram generation with the SRTM DEM applied in a two-pass method. The formation of the co-seismic pairs is limited due to the existence of one pre-seismic image only. Dense vegetation is covering the island, which is an obstacle in getting good coherence, since C-band images are used. Nevertheless, ground deformation, of > 56 mm (two fringes) in the line of sight of the satellite, is detected in all six co-seismic interferograms. By inversion of the data from the observed fringes, a best fitting model of the activated fault is calculated assuming a dislocation in an elastic half space. The inferred fault is a pure dextral strike-slip fault, dipping 59 ± 5° eastward, 16 ± 2 km long and 10 ± 2 km wide. It is located north of the fault of the Mw = 6.5 2015 November 17 earthquake, and a 10-15 km gap remains between the two faults. The 2003 fault does not reach the surface and its upper edge is at a depth of 3.5 ± 1 km. No evidence is found of slip south of the Lefkada Island as suggested by some seismological studies.

  7. A Semi-Automated Object-Based Approach for Landslide Detection Validated by Persistent Scatterer Interferometry Measures and Landslide Inventories

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefan Lang

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Geoinformation derived from Earth observation (EO plays a key role for detecting, analyzing and monitoring landslides to assist hazard and risk analysis. Within the framework of the EC-GMES-FP7 project SAFER (Services and Applications For Emergency Response a semi-automated object-based approach for landslide detection and classification has been developed. The method was applied to a case study in North-Western Italy using SPOT-5 imagery and a digital elevation model (DEM, including its derivatives slope, aspect, curvature and plan curvature. For the classification in the object-based environment spectral, spatial and morphological properties as well as context information were used. In a first step, landslides were classified on a coarse segmentation level to separate them from other features with similar spectral characteristics. Thereafter, the classification was refined on a finer segmentation level, where two categories of mass movements were differentiated: flow-like landslides and other landslide types. In total, an area of 3.77 km² was detected as landslide-affected area, 1.68 km² were classified as flow-like landslides and 2.09 km² as other landslide types. The outcomes were compared to and validated by pre-existing landslide inventory data (IFFI and PAI and an interpretation of PSI (Persistent Scatterer Interferometry measures derived from ERS1/2, ENVISAT ASAR and RADARSAT-1 data. The spatial overlap of the detected landslides and existing landslide inventories revealed 44.8% (IFFI and 50.4% (PAI, respectively. About 32% of the polygons identified through OBIA are covered by persistent scatterers data.

  8. Potential inundated coastal area estimation in Shanghai with multi-platform SAR and altimetry data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Guanyu; Yang, Tianliang; Zhao, Qing; Kubanek, Julia; Pepe, Antonio; Dong, Hongbin; Sun, Zhibin

    2017-09-01

    As global warming problem is becoming serious in recent decades, the global sea level is continuously rising. This will cause damages to the coastal deltas with the characteristics of low-lying land, dense population, and developed economy. Continuously reclamation costal intertidal and wetland areas are making Shanghai, the mega city of Yangtze River Delta, more vulnerable to sea level rise. In this paper, we investigate the land subsidence temporal evolution of patterns and processes on a stretch of muddy coast located between the Yangtze River Estuary and Hangzou Bay with differential synthetic aperture radar interferometry (DInSAR) analyses. By exploiting a set of 31 SAR images acquired by the ENVISAT/ASAR from February 2007 to May 2010 and a set of 48 SAR images acquired by the COSMO-SkyMed (CSK) sensors from December 2013 to March 2016, coherent point targets as long as land subsidence velocity maps and time series are identified by using the Small Baseline Subset (SBAS) algorithm. With the DInSAR constrained land subsidence model, we predict the land subsidence trend and the expected cumulative subsidence in 2020, 2025 and 2030. Meanwhile, we used altimetrydata and densely distributed in the coastal region are identified (EEMD) algorithm to obtain the average sea level rise rate in the East China Sea. With the land subsidence predictions, sea level rise predictions, and high-precision digital elevation model (DEM), we analyze the combined risk of land subsidence and sea level rise on the coastal areas of Shanghai. The potential inundated areas are mapped under different scenarios.

  9. The ground subsidence anomaly investigation around Ambala, India by InSAR and spatial analyses: Why and how the Ambala city behaves as the most significant subsidence region in the Northwest India?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, J.; Lin, S. Y.; Tsai, Y.; Singh, S.; Singh, T.

    2017-12-01

    A large ground deformation which may be caused by a significant groundwater depletion of the Northwest India Aquifer has been successfully observed throughout space geodesy techniques (Tsai et al, 2016). Employing advanced time-series ScanSAR InSAR analysis and Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) satellites data, it revealed 400-km wide huge ground deformation in and around Haryana. It was further notified that the Ambala city located in northern Haryana district shown the most significant ground subsidence with maximum cumulative deformation up to 0.2 meters within 3 years in contrast to the nearby cities such as Patiala and Chandigarh that did not present similar subsidence. In this study, we investigated the details of "Ambala Anomaly" employing advanced time-series InSAR and spatial analyses together with local geology and anthropogenic contexts and tried to identify the factors causing such a highly unique ground deformation pattern. To explore the pattern and trend of Ambala' subsidence, we integrated the time-series deformation results of both ascending L-band PALSAR-1 (Phased Array type L-band Synthetic Aperture Radar) from 2007/1 to 2011/1 and descending C-band ASAR (Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar) from 2008/9 to 2010/8 to process the 3D decomposition, expecting to reveal the asymmetric movement of the surface. In addition. The spatial analyses incorporating detected ground deformations and local economical/social factors were then applied for the interpretation of "Ambala Anomaly". The detailed interrelationship of driving factors of the "Ambala Anomaly" and the spatial pattern of corresponding ground subsidence will be further demonstrated. After all, we determined the uniqueness of Ambala subsidence possibly be driven by both anthropogenic behaviors including the rapid growth rate of population and constructing of industrial centers as well as the natural geological characteristics and sediment deposition.

  10. Spatial-temporal heterogeneity of land subsidence evolution in Beijing based on InSAR and cluster analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ke, Y.; Li, Y.; Gong, H.; Pan, Y.; Zhu, L.; Chen, B.

    2015-12-01

    Land subsidence is a common natural hazard occurring in extensive areas in the world. In Beijing, the capital city of China, there has been serious land subsidence due to overexploitation of ground water during the recent decades. Five major subsidence tunnels have formed. Across the Beijing plain area, the ground is sinking at the rate of 30-100mm/year. Uneven subsidence leads to ground fissure and building destruction, and has caused great economical and property loss. To better characterize and understand regional land subsidence evolution, it is critical to monitor the time-series dynamics of subsidence, and capture the spatial-temporal heterogeneity of the subsidence evolution. Interferometric SAR technique, as it provides high spatial resolution and wide range of observation, have been successfully used to monitor regional ground deformation. The objective of this study is to derive time-series regional land subsidence dynamics in Beijing, and based on which, analyze and assess the spatial-temporal heterogeneity of the evolution using cluster analysis. First, ENVISAT ASAR (2003-2009 years, 28 scenes, track number: 218) datasets during 2003-2010 covering Beijing plain area were utilized to obtain time-series subsidence rate using Persistent Scatter InSAR (PS-InSAR) technique provided in SARProz software. Second, time-series subsidence characteristics of the PS points were analyzed and the PS points were clustered based on Self-Organization feature Maps (SOM) algorithm considering environmental factors such as groundwater level and lithologic characters. This study demonstrates that based on InSAR measurements and SOMs algorithm, the spatial-temporal heterogeneity of land subsidence evolution can be captured. Each cluster shows unique spatial-temporal evolution pattern. The results of this study will facilitate further land subsidence modeling and prediction at regional spatial scale.

  11. Ice Freeze-up and Break-up Detection of Shallow Lakes in Northern Alaska with Spaceborne SAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina M. Surdu

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Shallow lakes, with depths less than ca. 3.5–4 m, are a ubiquitous feature of the Arctic Alaskan Coastal Plain, covering up to 40% of the land surface. With such an extended areal coverage, lakes and their ice regimes represent an important component of the cryosphere. The duration of the ice season has major implications for the regional and local climate, as well as for the physical and biogeochemical processes of the lakes. With day and night observations in all weather conditions, synthetic aperture radar (SAR sensors provide year-round acquisitions. Monitoring the evolution of radar backscatter (σ° is useful for detecting the timing of the beginning and end of the ice season. Analysis of the temporal evolution of C-band σ° from Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar (ASAR Wide Swath and RADARSAT-2 ScanSAR, with a combined frequency of acquisitions from two to five days, was employed to evaluate the potential of SAR to detect the timing of key lake-ice events. SAR observations from 2005 to 2011 were compared to outputs of the Canadian Lake Ice Model (CLIMo. Model simulations fall within similar ranges with those of the SAR observations, with a mean difference between SAR observations and model simulations of only one day for water-clear-of-ice (WCI from 2006 to 2010. For freeze onset (FO, larger mean differences were observed. SAR analysis shows that the mean FO date for these shallow coastal lakes is 30 September and the mean WCI date is 5 July. Results reveal that greater variability existed in the mean FO date (up to 26 days than in that of melt onset (MO (up to 12 days and in that of WCI (6 days. Additionally, this study also identifies limitations and provides recommendations for future work using C-band SAR for monitoring the lake- ice phenology of shallow Arctic lakes.

  12. Combining airborne and satellite remote sensing programs to repress illegal oil discharges in restricted sea areas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Price, M.

    2005-01-01

    An airborne surveillance program has been conducted over the Belgian part of the North Sea since 1991. The role of the program is to detect infringements on the Marpol Convention via remote sensing, and to take legal action against polluters through the use of recorded observations. Although Belgium has a restricted sea area of about 3,500 km with no fixed offshore oil installations, a pollution risk is constantly present due to 2 dense traffic separation schemes close to the shoreline. The Belgian marine areas and adjacent waters are regularly scanned with a Side Looking Airborne Radar (SLAR) on board a remote sensing aircraft. This paper describes an evaluation trial that the Belgian Management Unit of the North Sea Mathematical Models (MUMM) joined in 2004, together with various agencies from the United Kingdom, Germany and the Netherlands. The trial consists of a cost-sharing satellite service for oil detection with ENVISAT ASAR data. The trial was co-funded by the European Space Agency (ESA) and run by Kongsberg Satellite Services. MUMM's objective was to evaluate the effectiveness and operational character of satellite services for detecting oil spills at sea. The results of the 3 month trial have indicated that aerial remote sensing for the detection of illegal oil discharges at sea increases the chances of catching polluters more efficiently, with improved chances of evidence collecting. It was concluded that when various services are integrated and strict operational conditions are met, satellite services may prove to be valuable in restricted, very densely navigated national waters that are easily reached by airborne means. 12 refs., 8 tabs., 3 figs

  13. Assimilation of flood extent data with 2D flood inundation models for localised intense rainfall events

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neal, J. C.; Wood, M.; Bermúdez, M.; Hostache, R.; Freer, J. E.; Bates, P. D.; Coxon, G.

    2017-12-01

    Remote sensing of flood inundation extent has long been a potential source of data for constraining and correcting simulations of floodplain inundation. Hydrodynamic models and the computing resources to run them have developed to the extent that simulation of flood inundation in two-dimensional space is now feasible over large river basins in near real-time. However, despite substantial evidence that there is useful information content within inundation extent data, even from low resolution SAR such as that gathered by Envisat ASAR in wide swath mode, making use of the information in a data assimilation system has proved difficult. He we review recent applications of the Ensemble Kalman Filter (EnKF) and Particle Filter for assimilating SAR data, with a focus on the River Severn UK and compare these with complementary research that has looked at the internal error sources and boundary condition errors using detailed terrestrial data that is not available in most locations. Previous applications of the EnKF to this reach have focused on upstream boundary conditions as the source of flow error, however this description of errors was too simplistic for the simulation of summer flood events where localised intense rainfall can be substantial. Therefore, we evaluate the introduction of uncertain lateral inflows to the ensemble. A further limitation of the existing EnKF based methods is the need to convert flood extent to water surface elevations by intersecting the shoreline location with a high quality digital elevation model (e.g. LiDAR). To simplify this data processing step, we evaluate a method to directly assimilate inundation extent as a EnKF model state rather than assimilating water heights, potentially allowing the scheme to be used where high-quality terrain data are sparse.

  14. Mapping of Ice Motion in Antarctica Using Synthetic-Aperture Radar Data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernd Scheuchl

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Ice velocity is a fundamental parameter in studying the dynamics of ice sheets. Until recently, no complete mapping of Antarctic ice motion had been available due to calibration uncertainties and lack of basic data. Here, we present a method for calibrating and mosaicking an ensemble of InSAR satellite measurements of ice motion from six sensors: the Japanese ALOS PALSAR, the European Envisat ASAR, ERS-1 and ERS-2, and the Canadian RADARSAT-1 and RADARSAT-2. Ice motion calibration is made difficult by the sparsity of in-situ reference points and the shear size of the study area. A sensor-dependent data stacking scheme is applied to reduce measurement uncertainties. The resulting ice velocity mosaic has errors in magnitude ranging from 1 m/yr in the interior regions to 17 m/yr in coastal sectors and errors in flow direction ranging from less than 0.5 in areas of fast flow to unconstrained direction in sectors of slow motion. It is important to understand how these mosaics are calibrated to understand the inner characteristics of the velocity products as well as to plan future InSAR acquisitions in the Antarctic. As an example, we show that in broad sectors devoid of ice-motion control, it is critical to operate ice motion mapping on a large scale to avoid pitfalls of calibration uncertainties that would make it difficult to obtain quality products and especially construct reliable time series of ice motion needed to detect temporal changes.

  15. Flood Hazard Mapping Combining Hydrodynamic Modeling and Multi Annual Remote Sensing data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Giustarini

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores a method to combine the time and space continuity of a large-scale inundation model with discontinuous satellite microwave observations, for high-resolution flood hazard mapping. The assumption behind this approach is that hydraulic variables computed from continuous spatially-distributed hydrodynamic modeling and observed as discrete satellite-derived flood extents are correlated in time, so that probabilities can be transferred from the model series to the observations. A prerequisite is, therefore, the existence of a significant correlation between a modeled variable (i.e., flood extent or volume and the synchronously-observed flood extent. If this is the case, the availability of model simulations over a long time period allows for a robust estimate of non-exceedance probabilities that can be attributed to corresponding synchronously-available satellite observations. The generated flood hazard map has a spatial resolution equal to that of the satellite images, which is higher than that of currently available large scale inundation models. The method was applied on the Severn River (UK, using the outputs of a global inundation model provided by the European Centre for Medium-range Weather Forecasts and a large collection of ENVISAT ASAR imagery. A comparison between the hazard map obtained with the proposed method and with a more traditional numerical modeling approach supports the hypothesis that combining model results and satellite observations could provide advantages for high-resolution flood hazard mapping, provided that a sufficient number of remote sensing images is available and that a time correlation is present between variables derived from a global model and obtained from satellite observations.

  16. Scalable Approach to Highly Efficient and Rapid Capacitive Deionization with CNT-Thread As Electrodes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moronshing, Maku; Subramaniam, Chandramouli

    2017-11-22

    A scalable route to highly efficient purification of water through capacitive deionization (CDI) is reported using CNT-thread as electrodes. Electro-sorption capacity (q e ) of 139 mg g -1 and average salt-adsorption rate (ASAR) of 2.78 mg g -1 min -1 achieved here is the highest among all known electrode materials and nonmembrane techniques, indicating efficient and rapid deionization. Such exceptional performance is achieved with feedstock concentrations (≤1000 ppm) where conventional techniques such as reverse osmosis and electrodialysis prove ineffective. Further, both cations (Na + , K + , Mg 2+ , and Ca 2+ ) and anions (Cl - , SO 4 2- and NO 3 - ) are removed with equally high efficiency (∼80%). Synergism between electrical conductivity (∼25 S cm -1 ), high specific surface area (∼900 m 2 g -1 ), porosity (0.7 nm, 3 nm) and hydrophilicity (contact angle ∼25°) in CNT-thread electrode enable superior contact with water, rapid formation of extensive electrical double layer and consequently efficient deionization. The tunable capacitance of the device (0.4-120 mF) and its high specific capacitance (∼27.2 F g -1 ) enable exceptional performance across a wide range of saline concentrations (50-1000 ppm). Facile regeneration of the electrode and reusability of the device is achieved for several cycles. The device demonstrated can desalinate water as it trickles down its surface because of gravity, thereby eliminating the requirement of any water pumping system. Finally, its portable adaptability is demonstrated by operating the device with an AA battery.

  17. Empirical validation of the CRAFFT Abuse Screening Test in a Spanish sample.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rial, Antonio; Kim-Harris, Sion; Knight, John R; Araujo, Manuel; Gómez, Patricia; Braña, Teresa; Varela, Jesús; Golpe, Sandra

    2018-01-15

    The CRAFFT Substance Abuse Screening Instrument, developed by the Center for Adolescents Substance Abuse Research (CeASAR) (Knight et al., 1999), is a screening tool for high-risk alcohol and drug risk consumption designed for use with adolescents. Since its publication it has been the subject of translations and validations in different countries, populations and contexts that have demonstrated its enormous potential. However, there is still no empirical validation study that would ensure its good psychometric performance in Spain. The aim of this paper is to develop an adapted version of the CRAFFT in Spanish and to analyze its psychometric properties in a sample of Spanish adolescents. For this purpose an individual interview was conducted on 312 adolescents aged between 12 and 18 years of age (M = 15.01; SD = 1.83) from the Galician community. The interview included a part of the Adolescent Diagnostic Interview (ADI) and the Problem Oriented Screening Instrument for Teenagers (POSIT). The results obtained, similar to those found in other countries, allow us to report that the Spanish version of the CRAFFT has a good psychometric behaviorproperties. It was found to have a satisfactory internal consistency with a Cronbach’s alpha value of .74. In terms of sensitivity and specificity, values of 74.4% and 96.4% respectively, were obtained and the area under the ROC curve was .946. The Spanish version of the CRAFFT is made available to researchers and professionals in the field of addictive behaviors, so that it can be used with the necessary psychometric guarantees.

  18. Assimilation of Sentinel-1 estimates of Precipitable Water Vapor (PWV) into a Numerical Weather Model for a more accurate forecast of extreme weather events

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mateus, Pedro; Nico, Giovanni; Catalao, Joao

    2017-04-01

    In the last two decades, SAR interferometry has been used to obtain maps of Precipitable Water Vapor (PWV).This maps are characterized by their high spatial resolution when compared to the currently available PWV measurements (e.g. GNSS, radiometers or radiosondes). Several previous works have shown that assimilating PWV values, mainly derived from GNSS observations, into Numerical Weather Models (NWMs) can significantly improve rainfall predictions.It is noteworthy that the PWV-derived from GNSS observations have a high temporal resolution but a low spatialone. In addition, there are many regions without any GNSS stations, where temporal and spatial distribution of PWV areonly available through satellite measurements. The first attempt to assimilate InSAR-derived maps of PWV (InSAR-PWV) into a NWM was made by Pichelli et al. [1].They used InSAR-PWV maps obtained from ENVISAT-ASAR images and the mesoscale weather prediction model MM5 over the city of Rome, Italy. The statistical indices show that the InSAR-PWVdata assimilation improves the forecast of weak to moderateprecipitation (BPD/96069/2013. References: [1] E. Pichelli et al., "InSAR water vapor data assimilation into mesoscale model MM5: Technique and pilot study," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Appl. Earth Observ. Remote Sens., vol. 8, no. 8, pp. 3859-3875, Aug. 2015. [2] P. Mateus, R. Tomé, G. Nico, and J. Catalão, "Three-Dimensional Variational Assimilation of InSAR PWV Using the WRFDA Model," IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 54, no. 12, pp. 7323-7330, 2016.

  19. Progress on the calibration of channel geometry and friction parameters of the LISFLOOD-FP hydraulic model using time series of SAR flood images

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wood, M.; Neal, J. C.; Hostache, R.; Corato, G.; Bates, P. D.; Chini, M.; Giustarini, L.; Matgen, P.; Wagener, T.

    2014-12-01

    The objective of this work is to calibrate channel depth and roughness parameters of the LISFLOOD-FP Sub-Grid 2D hydraulic model using SAR image-derived flood extent maps. The aim is to reduce uncertainty in flood model predictions for those rivers where channel geometry is unknown and/or cannot be easily measured. In particular we consider the effectiveness of using real SAR data for calibration and whether the number and timings of SAR acquisitions is of benefit to the final result. Terrain data are processed from 2m LiDAR images and inflows to the model are taken from gauged data. As a test case we applied the method to the River Severn between Worcester and Tewkesbury. We firstly applied the automatic flood mapping algorithm of Giustarini[1] et al. (2013) to ENVISAT ASAR (wide swath mode) flood images; generating a series of flood maps. We then created an ensemble of flood extent maps with the hydraulic model (each model representing a unique parameter set). Where there is a favourable comparison between the modelled flood map and the SAR obtained flood map we may suggest an optimal parameter set. Applying the method to a sequence of SAR acquisitions provides insight into the advantages, disadvantages and limitations of using series of acquired images. To complete the investigation we simultaneously explore parameter 'identifiabilty' within a sequence of available satellite observations by adopting the DYNIA method proposed by Wagener[2] et al. (2003). We show where we might most easily detect the depth and roughness parameters within the SAR acquisition sequence. [1] Giustarini. 2013. 'A Change Detection Approach to Flood Mapping in Urban Areas Using TerraSAR-X'. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 51, no. 4. [2] Wagener. 2003. 'Towards reduced uncertainty in conceptual rainfall-runoff modelling: Dynamic identifiability analysis'. Hydrol. Process. 17, 455-476.

  20. Probabilistic Assessment of Soil Moisture using C-band Quad-polarized Remote Sensing Data from RISAT1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pal, Manali; Suman, Mayank; Das, Sarit Kumar; Maity, Rajib

    2017-04-01

    Information on spatio-temporal distribution of surface Soil Moisture Content (SMC) is essential in several hydrological, meteorological and agricultural applications. There has been increasing importance of microwave active remote sensing data for large-scale estimation of surface SMC because of its ability to monitor spatial and temporal variation of surface SMC at regional, continental and global scale at a reasonably fine spatial and temporal resolution. The use of Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) is highly potential for catchment-scale applications due to high spatial resolution (˜10-20 m) both for vegetated and bare soil surface as well as because of its all-weather and day and night characteristics. However, one prime disadvantage of SAR is that their signal is subjective to SMC along with Land Use Land Cover (LULC) and surface roughness conditions, making the retrieval of SMC from SAR data an "ill-posed" problem. Moreover, the quantification of uncertainty due to inappropriate surface roughness characterization, soil texture, inversion techniques etc. even in the latest established retrieval methods, is little explored. This paper reports a recently developed method to estimate the surface SMC with probabilistic assessment of uncertainty associated with the estimation (Pal et al., 2016). Quad-polarized SAR data from Radar Imaging Satellite1 (RISAT1), launched in 2012 by Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) and information on LULC regarding bareland and vegetated land (IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, In Press, doi:10.1109/TGRS.2016.2623378. Zribi, M., Baghdadi, N., Holah, N., and Fafin, O., (2005)."New methodology for soil surface moisture estimation and its application to ENVISAT-ASAR multi-incidence data inversion." Remote Sensing of Environment, vol. 96, nos. 3-4, pp. 485-496.