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Sample records for tuan vo-dinh reinhard

  1. Biomedical photonics handbook fundamentals, devices, and techniques

    CERN Document Server

    Vo-Dinh, Tuan

    2012-01-01

    Photonics and Tissue OpticsOptical Properties of TissuesJoel Mobley, Tuan Vo-Dinh and Valery TuchinLight-Tissue InteractionsValery V. TuchinTheoretical Models and Algorithms in Optical Diffusion TomographyStephen J. Norton and Tuan Vo-DinhBasic InstrumentationBasic Instrumentation in PhotonicsTuan Vo-DinhOptical Fibers and Waveguides for Medical ApplicationsIsrael Gannot and Moshe Ben DavidFiberoptics Probe DesignUrs Ut

  2. 70th birthday of Reinhard Folk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editorial Board

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available On April 29, 2015 Reinhard Folk - member of the Editorial Board of "Condensed Matter Physics", renowned expert in the fields of condensed matter physics, phase transitions and critical phenomena - celebrated his 70th birthday. Reinhard Folk was born in Neuendettelsau, Germany. He studied at the University of Vienna, where in 1973 he defended his doctoral thesis "Hydrodynamic Equations of Dielectric Crystals" (under supervision of Franz Schwabl. In the same year he started working at the Institute for Theoretical Physics, Johannes Kepler University in Linz, at first as assistant, later as an associate professor, then as extraordinary professor, and finally as Director of the research group "Phase Transitions and Critical Phenomena". His research interests cover various fields of condensed matter physics. In particular, he obtained important results in the theory of ferroelectrics, quantum liquids, critical phenomena in magnets and random systems, spin liquids, superconductors, and neural networks. Reinhard Folk and his collaborators performed a series of studies that became the basis for understanding and quantitative description of phenomena occurring in many systems. Included amongst these are the description of the thermodynamic properties of matter in the vicinity of Lifshitz points, the description of critical dynamics in systems with different types of conservation laws, the analysis of effective (non-asymptotic critical behaviour, and generalized hydrodynamics of many-particle systems. Computing algorithms, resummation methods of asymptotic perturbation series proposed by Reinhard Folk and his collaborators, cover a wide range of applications. In 1982 (together with Volker Dohm he was awarded the Walter Schottky Prize of the German Physical Society for his studies of the critical dynamics of helium-4 . Those of us who were fortunate to know Reinhard Folk closer, are aware of his interests in the history of culture and the history of

  3. Payload specialist Reinhard Furrer show evidence of previous blood sampling

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-01-01

    Payload specialist Reinhard Furrer shows evidence of previous blood sampling while Wubbo J. Ockels, Dutch payload specialist (only partially visible), extends his right arm after a sample has been taken. Both men show bruises on their arms.

  4. Tetrastigma diepenhorstii (Miq. Latiff (Vitaceae, a New Host of Rafflesia tuan-mudae Becc. (Rafflesiaceae in Borneo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wan Nuur Fatiha Wan Zakaria

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Rafflesia tuan-mudae Becc. (Rafflesiaceae is endemic to Borneo and was recorded from Sarawak and probably Kalimantan. Previous records showed that Tetrastigma rafflesiae (Miq. Planch. (Vitaceae is the only host plant for R. tuan-mudae. In this study the host plants were collected each time R. tuan-mudae was observed or collected. Out of 20 Tetrastigma specimens collected infected by R. tuan-mudae, 14 were identified as T. diepenhorstii (Miq. Latiff while 6 belonged to T. rafflesiae. Therefore, a new host for R. tuan-mudae is recorded and descriptions for each host are presented.

  5. Tera Ulang Peran Profetik Tuan Guru dalam Konteks Kebebasan Beragama di Pulau Lombok

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fawaizul Umam

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Ulama (Islamic scholars play important role in culturally paternalistic societies. Their prophetic role is theologically idealized as successors of prophets’ risâlah, mission. However, historically speaking, history yet often features reality that differs from their normative role. This paper aims to reevaluate the prophetic role of ulama in Lombok, called tuan guru, in the context of religious freedom praxsis. It is found that what is held by tuan guru in the realm of socio-politico-cultural tend to differ from his own existential theological spirit as one of socio-religious institutions. In the context of the praxis of religious freedom, tuan guru in general tend to play a role as a breeder and booster of anti pluralism discourses. Considering the theological claims of Islam itself as a spreader of mercy for all as well as political-cultural claims that Lombok is religious island, the island of thousand mosques, the realm seems ironic.

  6. Kepemimpinan Kharismatis-Transformatif Tuan Guru Dalam Perubahan Sosial Masyarakat Sasak-Lombok Melalui Pendidikan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamad Iwan Fitriani

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: This article studies about  social change of Lombok Moslems under Tuan Guru’s Leadership. Here, Tuan Guru won’t be studied personally but focused on rationale, forms, sources of influence and leadership type of Tuan Guru in social change of Moslem Lombok community. Term of Tuan Guru derives from Tuan (al ha>jj dan guru (teacher, but not all of al ha>jj and teachers are called Tuan Guru for a main reason that Tuan Guru is a name for someone which is obtained from social legitimation and based on his knowledge and behaviour. Tuan Guru is sometimes called as Kyai, but not all of Kyais are Tuan Guru. This article showed that social changes done by Tuan Guru since there’s a gap between ideal and behavioral pattern among Lombok Moslem community, evolutif and planned form of change through educating society, Tuan Guru’s sources of influence consist of positional and personal power where Tuan Guru is regarded as waratsatu al-anbiya>’i and the legitimated interpreter or custodian of islamic teaching. What is said and done by Tuan Guru will be referrence of Lombok Moslems and the last is charismatic-transformative leadership type of Tuan Guru consists of idealized influence, intellectual stimulation, individual consideration and inspirational motivation.    الملخص: درست هذه المقالة التغيّر الإجتماعي في المجتمع اللومبوكي تحت رياسة توان غورو. ولا تدرس هذه المقالة توان غورو كفرد وإنما تركّز في الحجة والشكل ومصدر الـتأثير ونمط رياسته في تغيّر المجتمع اللومبوكي المسلم.  وأصل مصطلح توان غورو من كلمة tuan  (الحاجّ و   guru (مدرّس ، ولكن ليس كل حاجّ يدرّس  هو توان غورو. لأن هذا المصطلح  من اعتراف المجتمع على أساس العلم وصلاح سلوك الشخص

  7. Ikonografi dan Ikonologi Lukisan Djoko Pekik: ‘Tuan Tanah Kawin Muda’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Agus Burhan

    2013-09-01

    ABSTRAK   Penelitian ini tentang lukisan Djoko Pekik yang berjudul ‘Tuan Tanah Kawin Muda’ yang dianalisis dengan pendekatan sejarah seni dan memakai teori ikonografi dan ikonolo- gi Erwin Panofsky. Metode yang dipakai adalah metode sejarah dengan langkah pencarian sumber di lapangan dan pustaka (heuristik, seleksi dan kritik, analisis dan interpretasi sumber untuk menghasilkan sintesis, dan penyusunan historiografi. Hasil penelitian ini berupa: Deskripsi pra ikonografi berisi tanggapan awal aspek tekstual, mengungkap ko- munikasi dan konflik antara dua figur. Analisis ikonografis yaitu tentang tema dan konsep penindasan kaum laki-laki pada perempuan lewat kekuasaan modal ekonomi, sosial dan kultural. Konsep dasar penciptaannya tentang konflik antara kekuasaan yang menindas dan hak yang harus dipertahankan. Interpretasi ikonologis yaitu tentang nilai simbolik yang diungkap dalam lukisan. Lewat pengalaman psikologis pelukis dengan berbagai ke- kerasan dan penderitaan, serta pandangan hidup dari latar belakang sosial dan kultural- nya, maka lukisan ini merupakan kristalisasi simbol dari perampasan dan pertahanan hak rakyat bawah yang menderita..   Kata kunci: realisme sosial, konflik sosial, simbol ketertindasan

  8. Miks meile vaja maastikuarhitektuuri? = Why do we need landscape architecture? / Reinhard Micheller, Günther Schalk, Katrin Koov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Micheller, Reinhard, 1977-

    2013-01-01

    EKA arhitektuuri ja linnaplaneerimise osakonna III kursuse 2009-2012 aastail erialase projekteerimise ülesande raames on vestlusringis maastikuarhitektuurse osa juhendajad Reinhard Micheller ja Günther Schalk (michellerundschalk, München) ning Katrin Koov (KAVAKAVA, EKA maastikuarhitektuuri õppekava juht)

  9. The botulinum toxin legend of Reinhard Heydrich's death: The end of "Himmler's brain".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tatu, Laurent; Jost, Wolfgang; Bogousslavsky, Julien

    2017-07-04

    The high-ranking German Nazi Reinhard Heydrich (1904-1942) was one of the main organizers of the mass murder of Jews during the Second World War. He died on June 4, 1942, in Prague after having been wounded in Operation Anthropoid planned by the British intelligence services. Since the 1970s and 1980s, Heydrich's death has been frequently presented in British, American, and French literature as the consequence of a bacteriologic attack. Botulinum toxin would have been used in the grenades or ammunition. We discuss the botulinum toxin hypothesis using the now declassified British archives of Operation Anthropoid and of the chemical and bacteriologic warfare centers to assess this hypothesis. © 2017 American Academy of Neurology.

  10. Effect of Temperature and light intensity on growth and Photosynthetic Activity of Chlamydomonas reinhard II

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alfonsel Jaen, M.; Fernandez Gonzalez, J.

    1985-01-01

    The effect of five temperatures (15,20,25,30 and 35 degree centigree) and two levels of illumination on growth and photosynthetic activity of Chlamydomonas reinhard II has been studied. The growth of the cultures was evaluated by optical density. Photosynthetic activity has been carried out studying either the assimilation rate of C0 2 labelled with C-14 or the oxygen evolution by means of polarographic measurements. The maximum photosynthetic rate has been obtained at 25 degree centigree for the lower level of illumination (2400 lux) and at 35 degree centigree for the higher one (13200 lux) and at 35 degree centigree for the higher ono (13200 lux). These results suggest an interaction of temperature and illumination on photosynthetic activity. (Author) 37 refs

  11. PENGGUNAAN BIOGRAFI TUAN GURU KIYAI HAJI MUHAMMAD ZAINUDDIN ABDUL MAJID DALAM PEMBELAJARAN SEJARAH LOKAL DI MADRASAH ALIYAH NAHDLATUL WATHAN SENYIUR KABUPATEN LOMBOK TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Afandi

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini berjudul Penggunaan Biografi Tuan Guru Kiyai Haji Muhammad Zainuddin Abdul Majid dalam Pembelajaran Sejarah Lokal di Madrasah Aliyah Nahdlatul Wathan Senyiur Kabupaten Lombok Timur. Salah satu tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk melihat sejauh mana proses pembelajaran berangsung dan bagaimana dampaknya bagi siswa dalam rangka meningkatkan kreatifitas dan sikap nasionalisme siswa yang berlandaskan beberapa indikator yang peneliti sodorkan, misalnya 1 memiliki rasa bangga terhadap bangsa, 2 peduli terhadap nasib bangsa, 3 mempertahankan identitas atau jati diri sebagai bangsa timur, 4 menerima kemajemukan, 5 memiliki rasa keterpautan dan rasa memiliki (Sense of Belonging. Dari hasil penelitian yang dilakukan menunjukkan bahwa aktifitas siswa di dalam kelas selama proses pembelajaran mengalami peningkatan secara signifikan. Hal tersebut terlihat dari proses tanya jawab selama proses pembelajaran berlangsung. Salah satu kendala dalam pembelajaran ini adalah terkait minimnya sumber-sumber pendukung pembelajran, misalnya buku maupun literatur-literatur yang membahas tentang tokoh Tuan Guru Haji Muhammad Zainuddin Abdul Majid. Kata kunci: biografi, pembelajaran Sejarah.

  12. Effect of Temperature and light intensity on growth and Photosynthetic Activity of Chlamydomonas reinhard II; Efecto de la temperatura e intensidad luminosa sobre el crecimiento y actividad fotosintetica del alga Chlamydomonas Reinhardt II

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alfonsel Jaen, M; Fernandez Gonzalez, J

    1985-07-01

    The effect of five temperatures (15,20,25,30 and 35 degree centigree) and two levels of illumination on growth and photosynthetic activity of Chlamydomonas reinhard II has been studied. The growth of the cultures was evaluated by optical density. Photosynthetic activity has been carried out studying either the assimilation rate of C0{sub 2} labelled with C-14 or the oxygen evolution by means of polarographic measurements. The maximum photosynthetic rate has been obtained at 25 degree centigree for the lower level of illumination (2400 lux) and at 35 degree centigree for the higher one (13200 lux) and at 35 degree centigree for the higher ono (13200 lux). These results suggest an interaction of temperature and illumination on photosynthetic activity. (Author) 37 refs.

  13. Biomedical photonics handbook

    CERN Document Server

    Vo-Dinh, Tuan

    2003-01-01

    1.Biomedical Photonics: A Revolution at the Interface of Science and Technology, T. Vo-DinhPHOTONICS AND TISSUE OPTICS2.Optical Properties of Tissues, J. Mobley and T. Vo-Dinh3.Light-Tissue Interactions, V.V. Tuchin 4.Theoretical Models and Algorithms in Optical Diffusion Tomography, S.J. Norton and T. Vo-DinhPHOTONIC DEVICES5.Laser Light in Biomedicine and the Life Sciences: From the Present to the Future, V.S. Letokhov6.Basic Instrumentation in Photonics, T. Vo-Dinh7.Optical Fibers and Waveguides for Medical Applications, I. Gannot and

  14. BM&A presents Keith Reinhard / Keith Reinhard ; interv. Ingrid Nielsen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reinhard, Keith

    2004-01-01

    DDB Worldwide Communications Group esimees Balti- ning Põhjamaade reklaamiturust, rahvusvaheliselt tuntud kaubamärkide põhimõtetest, oskusest teistest erineda, loovusest, uutest ideedest, reklaamiparoodiatest, reklaami harivusest, piiridest, eesmärkidest

  15. Kepentingan Oman sebagai Tuan Rumah Asian Beach Games II Muscat Tahun 2010

    OpenAIRE

    Harto, Syafri; ", Ardianyah

    2015-01-01

    This research describes the interest of Oman to create a Asian Beach Games II in Muscat 2010. Conflict politics, social and security in Middle East has been influence to region generally and to Oman. This conflict influence the bad image of Oman in international world.The research method used was a qualitative with descriptive as a technic of the research. Writer collects data from books, encyclopedia, journal, mass media and websites to analyze interest of Oman to create a Asian Beach Games ...

  16. Photothermal ablation of inflammatory breast cancer tumor emboli using plasmonic gold nanostars

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Crawford BM

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Bridget M Crawford,1,2,* Ronnie L Shammas,3,* Andrew M Fales,1,2 David A Brown,4 Scott T Hollenbeck,4 Tuan Vo-Dinh,1,2,5 Gayathri R Devi6,7 1Fitzpatrick Institute for Photonics, Duke University, 2Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke University, 3Duke University School of Medicine, 4Department of Surgery, Division of Plastic, Maxillofacial, and Oral Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, 5Department of Chemistry, Duke University, 6Department of Surgery, Division of Surgical Sciences, 7Duke Cancer Institute, Women’s Cancer Program, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, USA *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC is rare, but it is the most aggressive subtype of breast cancer. IBC has a unique presentation of diffuse tumor cell clusters called tumor emboli in the dermis of the chest wall that block lymph vessels causing a painful, erythematous, and edematous breast. Lack of effective therapeutic treatments has caused mortality rates of this cancer to reach 20%–30% in case of women with stage III–IV disease. Plasmonic nanoparticles, via photothermal ablation, are emerging as lead candidates in next-generation cancer treatment for site-specific cell death. Plasmonic gold nanostars (GNS have an extremely large two-photon luminescence cross-section that allows real-time imaging through multiphoton microscopy, as well as superior photothermal conversion efficiency with highly concentrated heating due to its tip-enhanced plasmonic effect. To effectively study the use of GNS as a clinically plausible treatment of IBC, accurate three-dimensional (3D preclinical models are needed. Here, we demonstrate a unique in vitro preclinical model that mimics the tumor emboli structures assumed by IBC in vivo using IBC cell lines SUM149 and SUM190. Furthermore, we demonstrate that GNS are endocytosed into multiple cancer cell lines irrespective of receptor status or drug resistance and that

  17. Review: Michael Kerres & Reinhard Keil-Slawik (Hrsg.) (2005). Hochschulen im digitalen Zeitalter: Innovationspotenziale und Strukturwandel

    OpenAIRE

    Hoidn, Sabine

    2008-01-01

    In dem vorliegenden Kongressband setzen sich fünfunddreißig internationale Expertinnen und Experten aus Wissenschaft und Praxis mit Möglichkeiten und Rahmenbedingungen des Einsatzes von Informations- und Kommunikationstechnologien in Hochschulen auseinander. Die Beiträge adressieren aktuelle und zukünftige Herausforderungen, denen sich Hochschulen zu stellen haben, und präsentieren einen bunten Strauß an (bisher) erfolgreichen Projekten und Praxiserfahrungen. Infolge knapper werdender Ressour...

  18. Kuus sammu langusest võitjana väljumiseks / Udo Jung, Reinhard Messenbock, Harold Sirkin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jung, Udo

    2008-01-01

    Boston Consulting Groupi ettevõtete küsitlusest selgus, et lisaks kulude kärpimisele on ettevõtted tarvitusele võtnud ka teisi meetmeid majandussurutisega võitlemiseks. Kuus soovitust, mida teha

  19. Elamine gaasimahutites : nelja ajaloolise gasomeetri ümberehitus Viinis / Reinhard Seiss

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Seiss, Reinhard

    2005-01-01

    Theodor Hermanni plaanide järgi 1896-1899 ehitatud nelja muinsuskaitse all oleva gasomeetri ümberehitusest aastail 1998-2001. Autorid Jean Nouvel, Coop Himmelb(l)au (arhitektid Wolf Prix, Helmut Swiczinsky), Manfred Wehdorn ja Wilhelm Holzbauer. Gasomeertrid on maapealsel korrusel ühendatud jalakäijate ala ja poekompleksiga Shopping Mall, hoonete ülemistes osades on bürood ja korterid, maa-alusel korrusel garaahid. Pleasuredome'i arhitekt Rüdiger Lainer. Linnaosa arendamise kavast. Ill.: 1 joonis, 7 värv. fotot

  20. Contract formation and mistake in European contract law : a genetic comparison of transnational model rules / Nils Jansen, Reinhard Zimmermann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jansen, Nils

    2011-01-01

    Euroopa lepinguõiguse normide analüüs ja võrdlus. PECL - The Principles of European Cntract Law ; CISG - United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods ; DCFR - Draft Common Frame of Reference ; UNIDROIT - Principles of International Commercial Contracts

  1. Pengaruh Daun Sirih Terhadap Penanganan Keputihan Pada Remaja Putri Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Bandar Khalipah Kecamatan Percut Sei Tuan Kabupaten Deli Serdang Tahun 2014

    OpenAIRE

    Yanti, Riska

    2015-01-01

    Latar Belakang : Keputihan merupakan masalah kesehatan reproduksi yang apabila tidak ditanggapi dengan serius akan memicu masalah yang lebih besar. Daun sirih dapat dijadikan sebagai obat penyembuhan keputihan karena mengandung zat samak yang memiliki daya mematikan kuman. Tujuan : Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui bagaimana pengaruh daun sirih terhadap penanganan keputihan pada remaja putri diwilayah kerja Puskesmas Bandar Khalipah. Metodologi : Desain penelitian ini adalah qua...

  2. Review: Michael Kerres & Reinhard Keil-Slawik (Eds. (2005. Hochschulen im digitalen Zeitalter: Innovationspotenziale und Strukturwandel [Universities in the Digital Age: Opportunities for Innovation and Structural Change

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabine Hoidn

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available In this anthology, international experts from universities and corporations share their experiences in facilitating the use of information and communication technologies in higher education, focusing on unfolding potentials and possibilities as well as identifying the general conditions necessary. Thirty-five experts address current and future challenges, pointing out some of the issues higher education institutions must tackle when it comes to e-learning, while presenting a large variety of projects and (so far successful practices. Due to limited resources, increasing competition, and the requirements of a global knowledge society, institutions of (elearning have to focus more on the development and implementation of e-learning strategies, strategic partnerships, integrated information management services, innovative learning and teaching concepts, continuing education, and quality development. In this book, researchers and practitioners alike will find interesting ideas and insights regarding these topics. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0801584

  3. User Studies Differ Across Some Disciplines and May Not Be Very Effective. A review of: Dervin, Brenda and CarrieLynn D. Reinhard. “Researchers and Practitioners Talk About Users and Each Other. Making User and Audience Studies Matter‐‐Paper 1.” InformationResearch 12.1 (Oct. 2006. 6 Aug. 2007 .

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virginia Wilson

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective – As part of a multi‐staged project, this study seeks to identify the unanswered questions about users as found in three fields: library and information science (LIS, human computer interaction, and communication and media studies, as well as the convergences and divergences across these fields.Design – A multi‐phased, qualitative study involving individual face‐to‐face and telephone interviews, as well as self interviewing and focus groups.Setting – The fields of LIS, human computer interaction, and communication and media studies as examined in interview situations.Subjects – 83 international experts across the three fields, as well as 31 local experts from central Ohio, USA.Methods – The majority of the 83 international experts in the fields of LIS, human computer interaction, and communication and media studies were interviewed by telephone (some in person.Thirty‐one local experts (7 public and 24 academic library directors were individually interviewed and also took part in focus groups. The Sense‐Making Methodology was used as an interview approach with its emphasis on bridging gaps. Neutral interview questions were used to tease out the gaps in certain situations— in the case of this project, the gaps involve communication and the unanswered questions about users. Brenda Dervin developed this approach, which has been transformed and adapted by Dervin and a host of other LIS researchers over the past 25 years. It is a metatheoretical approach that has “evolved into a generalized communication‐based methodology seen as useful for the study of human sense‐making (and sense‐unmaking in any context”(Dervin 729. The Sense‐Making metatheory is implemented three ways in the method: “in the framing of research questions; in the designing of interviewing; and in the analyzing and concluding processes of research” (Dervin 737. In the research under review for this summary the answers to the gap‐identifying questions allow different disciplines to begin to communicate and understand each other. Using Sense‐Making in focus groups involves self interviewing (diaries, journals and group discussions. Interviews were transcribed using the “smooth verbatim approach” in which nonfluencies such as repetition, hesitancies, and partial words are eliminated. Care was taken to ensure anonymity, as this is necessary in the first step of the Sense‐Making approach. The transcripts were analyzed for themes to capture a broad picture of what the participants struggle with across disciplinary and research practicedivides. Analysis was carried out by using comparative coding developed in early grounded theory combined with the Sense‐Making methodology’s emphasis on gaps and bridging gaps. The “quotablequote” was the unit of analysis, and thematically representative quotes were selected from the transcriptions.Main Results – In an attempt to analyze communication across and within disciplines, the researchers did a thematic analysis on the interviews conducted with their international and local experts. The thematic analysis found 12 major themes, which included a total of 75 sub themes. The 12 major themes include the following:Participants wanted to make a difference with their work; participants agreed that current user research is not doing the job;there are fundamental disagreements about users and user studies; there are fundamental disagreements about the purposes of using user studies; there are external forces that make carrying out andapplying user studies difficult; there was a lengthy list of differing suggestions for improving user studies; interdisciplinary communication across the three fields that do user studies is not effective; it was agreed that interdisciplinary contact is difficult;communication across the research/practice divide is not going well; some participants saw academic researchers as the problem, while some participants viewed practitioners as the problem; and most participants agreed that contact across fields and the research/practice divide would be beneficial. The researchers contend that this analysis is one of many that could be done on the information retrieved from the interviews. Their goal was not to find the definitive answers, but to describe the difficulties that participants are having across disciplines and across the research/practice divide in terms of communication and relating to user studies. The researchers wanted to tease out implications for communication and to illustrate the multiplicity that they found.Conclusion – It is difficult for this study to draw conclusions except in the most general sense, as it is part of a larger, multi‐staged research project. However, this study did find that although participants across fields wanted a synthesis, they also expressed their inability to understand syntheses fromfields other than their own. There were some who wanted more theories, while some claimed there were too many theories already. There was much criticism about communication across disciplines, but few solutions offered. The researchers can offer up no “magic wands” as solutions for these results, but they do suggest that the modes of communication traditionally used in user studies research are not working.

  4. Osteocephalus castaneicola Moravec, Aparicio, Guerrero-Reinhard, Calderón, Jungfer & Gvozdík, 2009 (Anura: Hylidae. Extensión de su distribución geográfica y nuevo registro para el departamento de La Paz, Bolivia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aguilar-Kirigin, Alvaro Juan

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Dos ejemplares de la especie Osteocephalus castaneicola fueron colectados en la República de Bolivia y depositados en la Colección Boliviana de Fauna (CBF, La Paz, Bolivia. Ambos registros se realizaron en el Departamento de La Paz, Provincia Abel Iturralde, Capital de Provincia Ixiamas, Sección Primera, Municipio Ixiamas, Cantón Ixiamas, Capital de Cantón Tahua. Localidad El Tigre, 11º58’54.4”S, 68º00’19.3”W; 122 m s.n.m. Fecha de colecta: 10 Julio 2010. Hora: 08:40 p.m. Colectores: Alvaro J. Aguilar Kirigin y Wilson Bani Rivero. Bosques Amazónicos de Altura. (CBF 6659. El espécimen mide 43.7 mm de longitud hocico-vientre (SVL y pesa 4.5 gramos. Misma localidad y día. Hora: 09:08 p.m. Colectores: Alvaro J. Aguilar Kirigin y Wilson Bani Rivero. Bosques Amazónicos de Altura. (CBF 6660. El espécimen mide 49.7 mm de SVL.

  5. Orthopedic Health: Targeting Musculoskeletal Pain

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... is helping to pioneer breakthroughs in how doctors deal with problems affecting their patients' tendons, ligaments, and ... Pain increases, movement decreases, and something must be done. What's the treatment for crippling osteoarthritis? Dr. Tuan: ...

  6. New vistas for developmental biology

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Scott F Gilbert1 Rocky S Tuan2. Department of Biology, Swarthmore College, 500 College Avenue, Swarthmore, PA 19081, USA; Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University, 1015 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA ...

  7. Multiple Kernel Learning for Explosive Hazard Detection in Forward-Looking Ground-Penetrating Radar

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-01

    Kevin Stone, Derek T. Anderson, James M. Keller, Dominic K.C. Ho, Tuan T. Ton, David C. Wong , Mehrdad Soumekh University of Missouri - Columbia...James M. Kellera, K.C. Hoa, Tuan T. Tone, David C. Wong\\ and Mehrdad Soumekhd aDept. ofElectrical and Computer Engineering, University of Missouri...2] Cremer , F., Schavemaker, J.G., de Jong, W., and Schutte, K., "Comparison of vehicle-mounted forward-looking polarimetric infrared and downward

  8. Narrow-Band Processing and Fusion Approach for Explosive Hazard Detection in FLGPR

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Keller, K. C. Ho, Tuan T. Ton, David C. Wong, Mehrdad Soumekh University of Missouri - Columbia Office of Sponsored Programs The Curators of the...Timothy C. Havens* a , James M. Keller a , K.C. Ho a , Tuan T. Ton b , David C. Wong b , and Mehrdad Soumekh c a Dept. of Electrical and Computer...ARO. REFERENCES [1] Cremer , F., Schavemaker, J.G., de Jong, W., and Schutte, K., "Comparison of vehicle-mounted forward-looking polarimetric

  9. Improved Detection and False Alarm Rejection Using FLGPR and Color Imagery in a Forward-Looking System

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    W911NF-05-1-0069 Havens, Tim, C. Spain, Christopher, J. Ho, Dominic, K.C. Keller, James, M. Ton, Tuan, T. Wong, David , C. Soumekh, Mehrdad...James M. Kellera, Tuan T. Tonb, David C. Wong, and Mehrdad Soumekhc aDept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Missouri...Research Office (48343-EV) in support of the u.s. Army RDECOM CERDEC NVESD. REFERENCES [1] Cremer , F., Schavemaker, J.G., de Jong, W., and Schutte, K

  10. MENINGKATKAN PROFESIONALISME GURU DALAM MELAKSANAKAN PEMBELAJARAN FISIKA MELALUI BIMBINGAN TEKNIK KERJA KELOMPOK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Penjelasan .

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective in this research is to improve the professionalism ofteachers in implementing the guidance of physics learning through groupwork techniques in Sub Rayon 05 SMA Negeri 1 Percut Sei Tuan. Thesubjects were high school physics teachers are included in Sub Rayon 05 SMA Negeri 1 Percut Sei Tuan, amounting to 15 people. The research methodapplied is Action Research School through two cycles, with each cycleconsisting of planning, implementation, observation and reflection. Results ofdata analysis showed that (1 through the application of technical guidance tothe group work of teachers in the Physics Sub Rayon 05 SMA Negeri 1 Percut Sei Tuan, their knowledge of the methods, strategies, models and learningapproach that includes the model of physics learning experience improvement.(2 There is an increase in the ability of physics teachers in Sub Rayon 05SMA Negeri 1 Percut Sei Tuan in implementing models learning toimplement technical guidance group work. (3 Through the implementation oftechnical assistance work group, an increase in the ability of physics teachersin Sub Rayon 05 SMA Negeri 1 Percut Sei Tuan in preparing lesson plan inaccordance with the model or learning strategies. (4 There is an increase inthe ability of physics teachers in Sub Rayon 05 SMA Negeri 1 Percut SeiTuan in making the assessment instrument.

  11. Optimizing culture conditions for the production of endo-β-1,4 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    GREGORY

    2010-09-20

    Sep 20, 2010 ... Vietnam Type Culture Collection (VTCC)-F099. Van Tuan Nguyen and Dinh Thi Quyen. Institute of Biotechnology, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet Road, Distr. Caugiay, ... sources (coconut fiber, coffee shell, corncob, dried tangerine skin, peanut shell, rice bran, saw dust,.

  12. IPDO-2007: Inverse Problems, Design and Optimization Symposium

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-08-01

    Grebenniko v J. Luna Tomas Perez Manuel Enriquez 025 Alexande r Grebenniko v 026 Tsung- Chien Chen Shou- Jen Hsu Pan-Chio Tuan 028...Dulikravich 086 Helmut Sobieczky Monika Hannemann 087 Anssi Lehikoinen Arto Voutilainen Jari Kaipio Stefan Finsterle Mike Kowalsky 088

  13. Journal of Genetics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Genetics. NGOC TUAN TRAN. Articles written in Journal of Genetics. Volume 96 Issue 4 September 2017 pp 613-623 RESEARCH ARTICLE. The first report of diablo in Megalobrama amblycephala : characterization, phylogenetic analysis, functional annotation and expression · NGOC TUAN ...

  14. Kalimat Majemuk Bahasa Melayu Dialek Deli Medan : Suatu Kajian Transformasi Generatif

    OpenAIRE

    Rozanna Mulyani

    2006-01-01

    Bahasa Melayu Dialek Deli Medan (BMDDM) adalah salah satu bahasa daerah di Indonesia. Penutur BMDDM adalah suku Melayu yang tinggal di daerah Deli Serdang dan Medan, Sumatera Utara. Kawasan kawasan penutur BMDDM Deli Serdang meliputi kawasan Tanjung Morawa, Percut Sungai Tuan dan Lubuk pakam, oleh Rozanna Mulyani D0300043

  15. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    hexylthiophene)- graft -carbon nanotubes with LiNi 0.5 Mn 1.5 O _4$ and its application as potential cathode materials for lithium-ion batteries · THANG VAN LE THU ANH NGUYEN NGUYET MINH THI NGUYEN ANH TUAN LUU LE-THU T NGUYEN HA ...

  16. Journal of Biosciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Biosciences. Scott F Gilbert. Articles written in Journal of Biosciences. Volume 26 Issue 3 September 2001 pp 293-298. Commentary: New vistas for developmental biology · Scott F Gilbert Rocky S Tuan · More Details Fulltext PDF. Volume 27 Issue 5 September 2002 pp 445-446. Commentary: ...

  17. Some South African connections among students at the Hochschule ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Between 1919 and 1933, five South African born students enrolled at the Hochschule: Constance Hoesch (singing), Margarete Schoen (piano), Lucia de Kock (cello), Reinhard Behr (singing), and Joachim Speiser (piano and composition). Three students later came to South Africa: the Jewish German Heinz Hirschland ...

  18. Is classical mechanics based on Newton's laws or Eulers analytical equations?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H.Iro

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available In an example I illustrate how my picture of physics is enriched due to my frequent conversations with Reinhard Folk. The subject is: Who wrote down the basic equations of motion of classical mechanics for the first time? (To be sure, it was not Newton.

  19. Revision of the West Palaearctic species of the genus Agathis Latreille (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Agathidinae)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Simbolotti, G.; Achterberg, van C.

    1999-01-01

    The West Palaearctic species of the genus Agathis Latreille, 1804 (Braconidae: Agathidinae) are revised and keyed. Forty-six species of Agathis are treated as valid, of which 29 occur in Europe; three species of the former Agathis mediator group (Bassus brevicaudus (Reinhard, 1867) comb. nov., B.

  20. A Commentary on "Rhetoric or Reality? Do Accounting Education and Experience Increase Weighting on Environmental Performance in a Balanced Scorecard?"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larrinaga, Carlos

    2013-01-01

    In the paper, "Rhetoric or Reality? Do Accounting Education and Experience Increase Weighting on Environmental Performance in a Balanced Scorecard?" (Wynder, Wellner, and Reinhard 2013), researchers test whether business education and (controller) experience influence decision-makers to consider a longer-term perspective and,…

  1. Generic revision of the subfamily Cenocoeliinae Szépligeti (Hymenoptera: Braconidae)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Achterberg, van C.

    1994-01-01

    The genera of the subfamily Cenocoeliinae Szépligeti are revised, keyed and illustrated. The genera Capitonius Brullé, 1846, Aulacodes Cresson, 1865, Lestricus Reinhard, 1866, Promachus Cresson, 1887, and Evaniomorpha Szépligeti, 1901, are re-instated. One new genus is described and illustrated:

  2. Demonstration and Evaluation of Solid Phase Microextraction for the Assessment of Bioavailability and Contaminant Mobility

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-01

    G.A., Greenberg, M.S., Rowland, C.D., Irvine, C.A., Lavoie, D.R., Brooker, J.A., Moore, L., Raymer , D.F.N., McWilliam, R.A. 2005. “In situ exposures...Reinhard, M.; and Roberts , P. Sorption of Hydrophobic Organic Compounds by Sediments. In Geochemical Processes at Mineral Surfaces; American Chemical

  3. Treatability Study in Support of Intrinsic Remediation for Pumphouse 75 (Site 57) at MacDill Air Force Base, Tampa, Florida

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-01-01

    mechanisms (Grbic’-Galic’, 1990; Belier et al., 1992; Edwards et al., 1992; Edwards and Grbic’-Galic’, 1992, Grbic’-Galic’ and Vogel, 1987; Lovely et al...Bear, J. 1979. Hydraulics of Groundwater: McGraw-Hill, Inc., New York, 569 p. Belier , H.R., M. Reinhard, and D. Grbic-Galic. 1992. Metabolic

  4. Good Faith in European Contract Law

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hondius, E.H.

    2002-01-01

    Reinhard Zimmermann and Simon Whittaker, Good Faith in European Contract Law, pp 720, ISBN 0 521 77190 0, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2000. This is the first publication resulting from the Trento Common Core of European Private Law project. It analyses the law relating to good faith in

  5. South African Medical Journal - Vol 92, No 7 (2002)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The South African Community Epidemiology Network on drug use (SACENDU) project, phases 1 - 8- Cannabis and Mandrax · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Reinhard A Uebel, Cherylynn A Wium, 542-547 ...

  6. Strategi Pemasaran Sirup Buah Pala Di Kabupaten Aceh Selatan

    OpenAIRE

    Harahap, Iffan Fuady

    2017-01-01

    147039004 Nutmeg tree is a high fruit plant which is the Indonesian indigenous plant. It has its own supremacy: almost the whole of its tree trunk and the fruit can be used: its fruit can be used in food, beverage, and medicinal industry which is needed continuously. The objective of the research was to find out the agro industrial advantages, disadvantages, opportunity, and threat in marketing nutmeg syrup and to find out the strategy of nutmeg syrup in Tapak Tuan Subdistri...

  7. Mass Communication, Advertising, and Marketing Research at the Strategic and Operational Levels of War

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-05

    EBSCOhost (accessed November 4, 2012): 157. 43 Ibid., 156. 44 Ibid., 163. 45 Chang, Chun-Tuan. 2011. “Guilt appeals in cause-related marketing ...Mass Communication, Advertising, and Marketing Research at the Strategic and Operational Levels of War by Colonel Ralph...Education of the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools, 3624 Market Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, (215) 662-5606. The Commission on

  8. The Role and Mission of the Military in a Post-Colonial Developing Nation: A Study of the Malaysian Armed Forces, 1970-1983.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    somewhat leisurely fashion. Rightly or wrongly, it is difficult to avoid the conclusion that Malaysia was 52 Parliamentary Debates/ Dewan Rakyat (PD...September 1982). Kuala Lumpur: Malaysia Law Publishers, Sdn Bhd., 1982. Malaysia , Pemerintah. Parliamentary Debates in Dewan Rakyat 111 Malaysia ...around the corner." 2According to a speech given by Tuan v. David in the Dewan Rakyat on 18 April 1974, "the burning issue among the people is inflation

  9. Kontribusi Pengasuhan Orangtua dan Self Esteem terhadap Perilaku Bullying

    OpenAIRE

    Raudah Zaimah Dalimunthe; Marjohan Marjohan; Syahniar Syahniar

    2016-01-01

    Bullying behavior is influenced by many factors. This study purpose to describe: 1) Parenting, Self-Esteem and bullying behavior, 2) Parenting and Self-esteem either individually or collectively contributed to the bullying behavior. The population of study is focus in students of SMP Negeri 6 Percut Sei Tuan, with a sample 193 of students, by using multistage random sampling technique. The instrument in this study used a Likert Scale model and inventory (CFSEI). The results of reliabilit...

  10. Manado Convention Centre (Megastructures)

    OpenAIRE

    Anggianto, Rio M; Rate, Johannes Van

    2013-01-01

    Proyek Manado Convention Center ini pada dasarnya merupakan wadah atau sarana komunikasi antara dua pihak dengan penerapkan berbagai metode komunikasi langsung tatap muka baik itu dari perorangan terhadap kelompok, kelompok terhadap kelompok atau kelompok terhadap masyarakat. Dan pada era kini hal ini menjadi suatu kebutuhan yang dianganggap penting. Kota Manado seringkali menjadi tuan rumah suatu konverensi dengan jumlah peserta yang tergolong besar karena cakupannya sampai manca negara....

  11. Theoretical Investigation of the Effects of Atmospheric Gravity Waves on the Hydroxyl Emissions of the Atmosphere.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-12-31

    of response etc. have been treated by Thome (1968), Testud and Francois (1971), Klostermeyer (1972a,b) and Porter and Tuan (1974). With the ex...and provided a suitable physical -2- -- 2 - -- explanation. Subsequent theoretical papers by Testud and Francois (1971), Klostermeyer (1971a,b) and...01 airglow emission intensity on Oct. 28-29, 1961, Nature 195, 481-482 (1962). (26) Testud , J. and P. Francois, Importance of diffusion processes in

  12. INDONESIAN SUFI IN MALAY WORLD: A Preliminary Exploration with Reference to Tariqa Naqshbandiyya-Khalidiyya Babussalam (TNKB)

    OpenAIRE

    Ziaulhaq Hidayat; Muzakkir Syahrul

    2017-01-01

    This article is an initial exploration of Indonesian Sufi, developed in the Malay world of Indonesia and Malaysia. The spread of this particular tariqa (sufi’s order) relates specifically to the mandate received by Tuan Guru of TNKB, as its certified Shaykh, who then actively involved in the network acitivity by visiting the Malay Sultanate areas scattered in the Malay Peninsula. This research reveals the incorporation of some elements of different tariqas in the “form” of TNKB, such as Tariq...

  13. From Blogs to Books: Blogging as Community, Practice and Platform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William Caraher

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This article expands a 2008 article prepared by William Caraher for Archaeology Online which celebrated the first generation of scholarly blogging in archaeology and classics. Caraher remains tremendously optimistic that the widespread accessibility of blogging platforms, the growth of social media, and new expectation for academic publication has created new communities of scholarly practice poised to revolutionize archaeological communication. Andrew Reinhard offers a more cautionary perspective on the relationship between blogging and publishing by introducing a global perspective on academic publishing and some of the practical issues related to including blogs within the larger tent of scholarly communication. Reinhard's perspectives reveal that the communities of practice in academia may not always be compatible, but like both article authors, they leave plenty of room for new publishing possibilities in a range of rapidly changing digital media and platforms.

  14. Prediction of Solar-Terrestrial Disturbances: Decay Phase of Energetic Proton Events.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-10-01

    Dependence of 50 keV upstream ion events at IMP 7/8 upon magnetic field-bow shock geometry in the earth’s foreshock : A statistical study, J. Geophys_.Rers...ion events in the F. C. Roelof Earth’s foreshock R. Reinhard ISEE-3/IKtP-8 observations of simultaneous upstream proton T. R. Sanderson events K.-P

  15. Decision-making framework for testing and grouping of nanomaterials

    OpenAIRE

    Landsiedel, Robert

    2015-01-01

    A ‘multiple perspective’ framework for the grouping of nanomaterials Robert Landsiedel presenting the results of the ECETOC Nano Task Force (Josje H.E. Arts a, Mackenzie Hadi b, Athena M. Keene c, Reinhard Kreiling d, Delina Lyon e, Monika Maier f, Karin Michel g, Thomas Petry h, Ursula G. Sauer i, David Warheit j, Karin Wiench k, Robert Landsiedel k) a AkzoNobel, Technology and Engineering, Arnhem, Netherlands b Shell Health, Shell International B.V., The Hague, Netherlands...

  16. Draft Treatability Study in Support of Remediation by Natural Attenuation Building 1212 at Fairchild Air Force Base, Spokane, Washington

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-01-01

    1975; Atlas , 1981, 1984, and 1988; Gibson and Subramanian, 1984; Reinhard et al., 1984; Young, 1984; Bartha , 1986; Wilson et al., 1986, 1987, and...Biotechnology of petroleum pollutant biodegradation: Microbial Ecology , vol. 12, p. 155-172. Bauman, B., 1991, Biodegradation research of the American...Perry, J.J., 1984, Microbial Metabolism of Cyclic Alkanes, In: Atlas , R.M ed. Petroleum Microbiology. Macmillan Publishing Co., New York, New York

  17. Treatability Study in Support of the Intrinsic Remediation Option at the Current Fire Training Area, Westover Air Reserves Base, Chicopee, Massachusetts

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-02-01

    Winter, 1987, p. 64-71. Bartha , R., 1986, Biotechnology of petroleum pollutant biodegradation: Microbial Ecology , vol. 12, p. 155-172. Bauman, B., 1991...Prepared for Air Force Systems Command, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio, June. Atlas , R.M., 1981, Microbial degradation of petroleum hydrocarbons...of jet fuel and gasoline, including the BTEX compounds (e.g., lamison et at., 1975; Atlas , 1981, 1984, 1988; Gibson and Subramanian, 1984; Reinhard et

  18. Treatability Study in Support of Intrinsic Remediation for the Jet Fuel Transfer Line Southwest of Building 412 and the POL Yard. Volume 1: Text. Wisconsin Air National Guard at Truax Field, Madison, Wisconsin

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-01-01

    Jamison et al., 1975; Atlas , 1981, 1984, 1988; Gibson an( ’)ramanian, 1984; Reinhard et al., 1984; Young, 1984; Bartha , 1986; Wilson , 1986, 1987...Academic Press, New York, 381 p. Atlas , R.M., 1981, Microbial degradation of petroleum hydrocarbons - an environmental 0 perspective: Microbiological Reviews...biodegradation: Microbial Ecology , vol. 12, p. 155-172. Bauman, B, 1991, Biodegradation Research of the American Petroleum Institute. Presented at: In

  19. Robert J. Aumann - matemaatikust Nobeli preemia laureaat / Peeter Puusemp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Puusemp, Peeter, 1947-

    2006-01-01

    2005. a. Nobeli preemia majanduse alal silmapaistva panuse eest mänguteooria ülesannete lahendamisse saanud Robert J. Aumannist ja D. Saari loetelu matemaatikutest - Nobeli preemia laureaatidest: John Nash'ist, Herbert Hauptman'ist, John Pople'ist, Bertrand Arthur William Russell'ist, Kenneth Joseph Arrow'ist, Gerard Debreu'ist, Leonid Vitaljevitš Kantorovitš'ist, Reinhard Selten'ist, Jan Tinbergen'ist

  20. Common DRG System - the Future of Europe? A Response to Recent Commentary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerli Paat-Ahi

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This is a short piece in response to the “Heterogeneity of European DRG systems and potentials for a common EuroDRG system”1 by Alexander Geissler, Wilm Quentin and Reinhard Busse from the EuroDRG team. We would like to thank them for taking the time to read our article and offer excellent suggestions to the diagnosis-related group (DRG systems for further development.

  1. Physical Layer Ethernet Clock Synchronization

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-01

    42 nd Annual Precise Time and Time Interval (PTTI) Meeting 77 PHYSICAL LAYER ETHERNET CLOCK SYNCHRONIZATION Reinhard Exel, Georg...oeaw.ac.at Nikolaus Kerö Oregano Systems, Mohsgasse 1, 1030 Wien, Austria E-mail: nikolaus.keroe@oregano.at Abstract Clock synchronization ...is a service widely used in distributed networks to coordinate data acquisition and actions. As the requirement to achieve tighter synchronization

  2. EDITORIAL: Precision proteins Precision proteins

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demming, Anna

    2010-06-01

    large molecular weight, net negative charge and hydrophilicity of synthetic small interfering RNAs makes it hard for the molecules to cross the plasma membrane and enter the cell cytoplasm. Immune responses can also diminish the effectiveness of this approach. In this issue, Shiri Weinstein and Dan Peer from Tel Aviv University provide an overview of the challenges and recent progress in the use of nanocarriers for delivering RNAi effector molecules into target tissues and cells more effectively [5]. Also in this issue, researchers in Korea report new results that demonstrate the potential of nanostructures in neural network engineering [6]. Min Jee Jang et al report directional growth of neurites along linear carbon nanotube patterns, demonstrating great progress in neural engineering and the scope for using nanotechnology to treat neural diseases. Modern medicine cannot claim to have abolished the pain and suffering that accompany disease. But a comparison between the ghastly and often ineffective iron implements of early medicine and the smart gadgets and treatments used in hospitals today speaks volumes for the extraordinary progress that has been made, and the motivation behind this research. References [1] Wallis F 2000 Signs and senses: diagnosis and prognosis in early medieval pulse and urine texts Soc. Hist. Med. 13 265-78 [2] Arntz Y, Seelig J D, Lang H P, Zhang J, Hunziker P, Ramseyer J P, Meyer E, Hegner M and Gerber Ch 2003 Label-free protein assay based on a nanomechanical cantiliever array Nanotechnology 14 86-90 [3] Gowtham S, Scheicher R H, Pandey R, Karna S P and Ahuja R 2008 First-principles study of physisorption of nucleic acid bases on small-diameter carbon nanotubes Nanotechnology 19 125701 [4] Wang H-N and Vo-Dinh T 2009 Multiplex detection of breast cancer biomarkers using plasmonic molecular sentinel nanoprobes Nanotechnology 20 065101 [5] Weinstein S and Peer D 2010 RNAi nanomedicines: challenges and opportunities within the immune system

  3. Search for a vector glueball by a scan of the J/ψ resonance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bai, J.Z.; Bardon, O.; Blum, I.; Breakstone, A.; Burnett, T.; Chen, G.P.; Chen, H.F.; Chen, J.; Chen, S.M.; Chen, Y.; Chen, Y.B.; Chen, Y.Q.; Cheng, B.S.; Cowan, R.F.; Cui, X.Z.; Ding, H.L.; Du, Z.Z.; Dunwoodie, W.; Fan, X.L.; Fang, J.; Fero, M.; Gao, C.S.; Gao, M.L.; Gao, S.Q.; Gratton, P.; Gu, J.H.; Gu, S.D.; Gu, W.X.; Gu, Y.F.; Guo, Y.N.; Han, S.W.; Han, Y.; Harris, F.A.; Hatanaka, M.; He, J.; He, M.; Hitlin, D.G.; Hu, G.Y.; Hu, T.; Hu, X.Q.; Huang, D.Q.; Huang, Y.Z.; Izen, J.M.; Jia, Q.P.; Jiang, C.H.; Jin, S.; Jin, Y.; Jones, L.; Kang, S.H.; Ke, Z.J.; Kelsey, M.H.; Kim, B.K.; Kong, D.; Lai, Y.F.; Lan, H.B.; Lang, P.F.; Lankford, A.; Li, F.; Li, J.; Li, P.Q.; Li, Q.; Li, R.B.; Li, W.; Li, W.D.; Li, W.G.; Li, X.H.; Li, X.N.; Lin, S.Z.; Liu, H.M.; Liu, J.; Liu, J.H.; Liu, Q.; Liu, R.G.; Liu, Y.; Liu, Z.A.; Lou, X.C.; Lowery, B.; Lu, J.G.; Luo, S.Q.; Luo, Y.; Ma, A.M.; Ma, E.C.; Ma, J.M.; Mao, H.S.; Mao, Z.P.; Malchow, R.; Mandelkern, M.; Meng, X.C.; Ni, H.L.; Nie, J.; Olsen, S.L.; Oyang, J.; Paluselli, D.; Pan, L.J.; Panetta, J.; Porter, F.; Prabhakar, E.; Qi, N.D.; Que, Y.K.; Quigley, J.; Rong, G.; Schernau, M.; Schmid, B.; Schultz, J.; Shao, Y.Y.; Shen, B.W.; Shen, D.L.; Shen, H.; Shen, X.Y.; Sheng, H.Y.; Shi, H.Z.; Shi, X.R.; Smith, A.; Soderstrom, E.; Song, X.F.; Standifird, J.; Stoker, D.; Sun, F.; Sun, H.S.; Sun, S.J.; Synodinos, J.; Tan, Y.P.; Tang, S.Q.; Toki, W.; Tong, G.L.; Torrence, E.; Wang, F.; Wang, L.S.; Wang, L.Z.; Wang, M.; Wang, P.; Wang, P.L.; Wang, S.M.; Wang, T.J.; Wang, Y.Y.; Wei, C.L.; Whittaker, S.; Wilson, R.; Wisniewski, W.J.; Xi, D.M.; Xia, X.M.; Xie, P.P.; Xiong, W.J.; Xu, D.Z.; Xu, R.S.; Xu, Z.Q.; Xue, S.T.; Yamamoto, R.; Yan, J.; Yan, W.G.; Yang, C.M.; Yang, C.Y.; Yang, J.; Yang, W.; Ye, M.H.; Ye, S.W.; Ye, S.Z.; Young, K.; Yu, C.S.; Yu, C.X.; Yu, Z.Q.; Yuan, C.Z.; Zhang, B.Y.; Zhang, C.C.; Zhang, D.H.; Zhang, H.L.; Zhang, J.; Zhang, J.W.; Zhang, L.S.; Zhang, S.Q.; Zhang, Y.; Zhang, Y.Y.; Zhao, D.X.; Zhao, H.W.; Zhao, J.W.

    1996-01-01

    The cross section for e + e - →ρπ has been measured by the BES detector at BEPC at center-of-mass energies covering a 40 MeV interval spanning the J/ψ resonance. The data are used to search for the vector gluonium state hypothesized by Brodsky, Lepage, and Tuan as an explanation of the ρπ puzzle in charmonium physics. The shape of the ρπ cross section is compatible with that of the total hadronic cross section. No distortions indicating the presence of a vector glueball are seen. copyright 1996 The American Physical Society

  4. Recurrence relations for the Epstein-Hubbell integral and its generalized forms

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tezcan, Cevdet

    2005-01-01

    The generalized Epstein-Hubbell integral was recently considered by Lopez and Ferreira (IMA J. Appl. Math. 67 (2002) 301) for values of the variable k close to its upper limit k=1. Here different forms of the generalized Epstein-Hubbell integral Λ (λ,γ,μ) (α,β) (ρ,δ,k) proposed by Kalla and Tuan (Comput. Math. Appl. 32 (1996) 49) are considered for values of the variable k=1. The numerical values of S μ , R μ and P μ at k=1 are calculated by using the derived recurrence relations and are listed in tables

  5. Pelaksanaan PP RI No.19/2008 Sebagai Acuan Kinerja Camat pada Aspek Pemerintahan dan Pendidikan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Merry Chairina DM. Sinaga

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to determine the performance camat in the governance and education, which refers to PP RI No.19 / 2008. Researchers used descriptive method implemented in the District Percut Sei Tuan. The sample was the whole population is with 37 employees and only have a single variable: the implementation of PP RI No.19 / 2008 as a reference to the performance of district head in the governance and education in the District Percut Sei Tuan, Deli Serdang regency. Data collection techniques by observation through the observation either directly or indirectly to the subject under study. In this study the authors conducted interviews with respondents who considered berkopetensi in this study. The results showed that the performance camat in the governance and education, which refers to PP RI No.19 / 2008 can be categorized as good, such as the active role undertaken whenever a meeting / conference with employees and citizens. Often talked about the problem of improving the quality of work and education, an invitation to attend the big day, receiving the proposal / opinion of the district head in the field of government development issues of education, accepted the proposal of the villagers regarding the development of education, and play an active role in. arrangements regarding the education in collaboration with third parties.

  6. Consumer Decision Process in Restaurant Selection: An Application of the Stylized EKB Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugenia Wickens

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose – The aim of this paper is to propose a framework based on empirical work for understanding the consumer decision processes involved in the selection of a restaurant for leisure meals. Design/Methodology/Approach – An interpretive approach is taken in order to understand the intricacies of the process and the various stages in the process. Six focus group interviews with consumers of various ages and occupations in the South East of the United Kingdom were conducted. Findings and implications – The stylized EKB model of the consumer decision process (Tuan-Pham & Higgins, 2005 was used as a framework for developing different stages of the process. Two distinct parts of the process were identified. Occasion was found to be critical to the stage of problem recognition. In terms of evaluation of alternatives and, in particular, sensitivity to evaluative content, the research indicates that the regulatory focus theory of Tuan-Pham and Higgins (2005 applies to the decision of selecting a restaurant. Limitations – It is acknowledged that this exploratory study is based on a small sample in a single geographical area. Originality – The paper is the first application of the stylized EKB model, which takes into account the motivational dimensions of consumer decision making, missing in other models. It concludes that it may have broader applications to other research contexts.

  7. Democratization in Albania: The OSCE, NATO and the European Union

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-01

    html? maca =en-rss-en-all-1573-rdf (accessed 4 March 2010). 263 Manuel Montobbio de Balanzo, Spanish Ambassador to Albania, http://www.dw- world.de/dw...article/0,,5259561,00.html? maca =en-rss-en-all-1573-rdf (accessed 4 March 2010). 264 Reinhard Priebe, The Western Balkan European Perspective, http...world.de/dw/article/0,,5259561,00.html? maca =en-rss-en-all-1573-rdf (accessed 4 March 2010). European Commission Enlargement, Albania – Questions

  8. 2010 ICA Panel on Methodologies for Studying Virtual Worlds

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansbøl, Mikala; Reinhard, CarrieLynn D.; Ho, Caroline

    2010-01-01

    strategies qualitatively from 00:12:00-00:19:30 •CarrieLynn D. Reinhard speaks about merging quantitative and qualitative methods from 00:19:30-00:29:30 •Mikala Hansbøl speaks about qualitative analysis of a serious educational game from 00:29:30-00:40:00 •The question and answer period is from 00:51:15-01:08:00......This video was produced from a panel discussion at the 2010 International Communication Association conference in Singapore. The panelists are Dmitri Williams (University of Southern California), Mikala Hansbøl (Danish School of Education), Caroline Ho (National Institute of Education, Singapore...

  9. Mathematicians fleeing from Nazi Germany individual fates and global impact

    CERN Document Server

    Siegmund-Schultze, Reinhard

    2009-01-01

    The emigration of mathematicians from Europe during the Nazi era signaled an irrevocable and important historical shift for the international mathematics world. Mathematicians Fleeing from Nazi Germany is the first thoroughly documented account of this exodus. In this greatly expanded translation of the 1998 German edition, Reinhard Siegmund-Schultze describes the flight of more than 140 mathematicians, their reasons for leaving, the political and economic issues involved, the reception of these emigrants by various countries, and the emigrants' continuing contributions to mathematics. The inf

  10. 'Green Isle' on the 'Red Isle'. The gasometer in Berlin becomes a centre of the 'European Energy Forum'; 'Gruene Insel' auf der 'Roten Insel'. Der Berliner Gasometer wird zum Zentrum des 'Europaeischen Energie Forums'

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meyer, Ulf

    2013-06-01

    If the ARD political talk show with Guenther Jauch starts on Sunday night after the crime thriller, only few viewers know that they are tele-guests on the former gasometer site in Berlin-Schoeneberg. Currently, this site is being transformed into an environmentally friendly campus called the 'European Energy Forum' (EUREF). According to the will of the owner and architect Reinhard Mueller, the campus will become the largest CO{sub 2} neutral office and business location in Europe. Totally 600 million Euro will be invested. All new buildings should be ecological 'green buildings' and received the LEED Gold certification.

  11. R. Oltean on  W. Raussert & R. Isensee’s (eds Transcultural Visions of Identities.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Wilfried Raussert and Reinhard Isensee. Eds. Transcultural Visions of Identities in Images and Texts. American Studies. A Monograph Series vol 175. Universitätsverlag Winter Heidelberg, 2008.The papers in this volume are the outcome of an international conference in honor of Günter H. Lenz, held at the Humboldt University, Berlin, February 2005. As the editors note in the introduction, the conference was intended to provide possible answers to the question posed by Shelley Fisher-Fishkin, “Wh...

  12. A imaginação histórica da sociologia The historical imagination of sociology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Theda Skocpol

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available O texto aborda o início e os desdobramentos da tradição da sociologia histórica durante o século XX. Parte da análise do eclipse parcial dos estudos históricos durante o período de hegemonia do funcionalismo e das teorias da modernização para depois empreender uma síntese do processo de resgate da tradição histórica a partir da obra de nove estudiosos: Marc Bloch, Perry Anderson, E. P. Thompson, Barrington Moore, Karl Polanyi, Immanuel Wallerstein, Reinhard Bendix, Charles Tilly e S. N. Eisenstadt. Palavras-chave: Sociologia. História. Funcionalismo. Imaginação. The text deals with the beginnings and the development of sociology historical tradition. It starts with an analysis of the partial eclipse of historical studies during the hegemony of functionalism and modernization theories, but its central subject is the re-emergence of the historical tradition in the works of nine scholars: Marc Bloch, Perry Anderson, E. P. Thompson, Barrington Moore, Karl Polanyi, Immanuel Wallerstein, Reinhard Bendix, Charles Tilly e S. N. Eisenstadt. Keywords: Sociology; History; Functionalism; Imagination.

  13. EDITORIAL: Nano-enhanced! Nano-enhanced!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demming, Anna

    2010-08-01

    approaches to investigating and exploiting these structures. References [1] Banerjee D, Lao J Y, Wang D Z, Huang J Y Steeves D, Kimball B and Ren Z F 2004 Nanotechnology 15 4040-9 [2] Nilsson L, Groening O, Emmenegger C, Kuettel O, Schaller E, Schlapbach L, Kind H, Bonard J-M and Kern K 2000Appl. Phys. Lett. 76 2071-3 [3] Jiang H, Hu J, Gu F and Li C 2009 Nanotechnology 20 055706 [4] Khoury C G, Norton S J and Vo-Dinh T 2010 Nanotechnology 21 315203 [5] Le Moal E, Lévéque-Fort S, Potier M-C and Fort E 2009 Nanotechnology 20 225502 [6] Chen C-P, Lin P-H, Chen L-Y, Ke M-Y, Cheng Y-W and Huang J-J 2009 Nanotechnology 20 245204 [7] Fabbri F, Rossi F, Attolini G, Salviati G, Iannotta S, Aversa L, Verucchi R, Nardi M, Fukata N, Dierre B and Sekiguchi T 2010 Nanotechnology 21 345702

  14. The city as a sign

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kharlamov, Nikita

    2012-01-01

    . This question is tackled through Jaan Valsiner’s notions of semiotic mediation and regulation. I specifically focus on spatial signs that humans use to regulate the meaning-making process that creates as meaningful what Georges Perec called species of spaces, such as towns and cities. “The city,” from...... this standpoint, becomes one of the most important signs that mediate and regulate our experience of environments we inhabit. I discuss a number of theoretical and methodological directions in which this framework could be further developed to revive the urban, or settlement, psychology, which failed to develop...... Werner, and Bernard Kaplan, and developed as cultural-developmental approach by Jaan Valsiner, the proposed framework centers on the experience of individual organismic relating to spatial environment. I draw on the work of Manuel Castells, Edward Soja, and Yi-Fu Tuan to conceptualize the emergence...

  15. Topofobia e topofilia em “A Terra”, de “Os Sertões”: uma análise ecocrítica do espaço sertanejo euclidiano / Topophobia and topophilia in”The Land” of “Os Sertões”: Analysis ecocriticism of space Sertanejo Euclideano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edilane Ferreira da Silva

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available In 1902, the journalist Euclides da Cunha published the work Os Sertões which, starting Pre-Brazilian Modernism and enhance Bahia´s backlands from the Canudos War. We analyze the chapter “The Earth” of the Euclidean book, in order to examine the discourse method analysis and the ecocriticism perspective - which concerns the interactions between literature and ecology - the author approaches between the backwoods and wilderness, and his own feelings regarding this space, considering topophobia concepts - aversion to physical environment and topophilia - familiarity or attachment, proposed by the chinese geographer Yi-Fu Tuan and related humanistic geography. Thus, the present discourse in the narrative demonstrate predominance of dislikes and horror feelings for the caatinga, regarding the subjectivity of the writer and oikos referenced by him.

  16. Kontribusi Pengasuhan Orangtua dan Self Esteem terhadap Perilaku Bullying

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raudah Zaimah Dalimunthe

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Bullying behavior is influenced by many factors. This study purpose to describe: 1 Parenting, Self-Esteem and bullying behavior, 2 Parenting and Self-esteem either individually or collectively contributed to the bullying behavior. The population of study is focus in students of SMP Negeri 6 Percut Sei Tuan, with a sample 193 of students, by using multistage random sampling technique. The instrument in this study used a Likert Scale model and inventory (CFSEI. The results of reliability test on parenting 0901 and 0938 for bullying behavior. The validity of instrument on parenting and self-esteem is 0361 and 0.361 for self- esteem. These results indicate that parenting is in good enough category and self-esteem is at a low category, bullying in middle category, and parenting and self-esteem either singly or collectively that contribute to bullying behavior.

  17. INDONESIAN SUFI IN MALAY WORLD: A Preliminary Exploration with Reference to Tariqa Naqshbandiyya-Khalidiyya Babussalam (TNKB

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ziaulhaq Hidayat

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available This article is an initial exploration of Indonesian Sufi, developed in the Malay world of Indonesia and Malaysia. The spread of this particular tariqa (sufi’s order relates specifically to the mandate received by Tuan Guru of TNKB, as its certified Shaykh, who then actively involved in the network acitivity by visiting the Malay Sultanate areas scattered in the Malay Peninsula. This research reveals the incorporation of some elements of different tariqas in the “form” of TNKB, such as Tariqa Shazaliyya and Tariqa Sammaniyya, as well as adaptation of local culture of Malays ethnic which become part of its unique ritual. Supported by the Sultan, TNKB has become the “official order” of Malay Sultanate, which covers area of Riau, Sumatera Utara (North Sumatera in Indonesia as well as Johor in Malaysia—with caliph as its “agent”.

  18. Narrative approaches

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stelter, Reinhard

    2012-01-01

    Narrative coaching is representative of the new wave – or third generation – of coaching practice . The theory and practice of narrative coaching takes into account the social and cultural conditions of late modern society, and must be seen as intertwined with them. Some initial conceptualizations...... of narrative coaching were developed by David Drake (2006, 2007, 2008, 2009) in the USA and Australia, by Ho Law in the UK (Law, 2007a + b; Law & Stelter, 2009) and by Reinhard Stelter (2007, 2009, 2012, in preparation; Stelter & Law, 2010) in Denmark. In the following chapter the aim is to present coaching...... as a narrative-collaborative practice, an approach that is based on phenomenology, social constructionism and narrative theory. Seeing narrative coaching as a collaborative practice also leads to reflecting on the relationship between coach and coachee(s) in a new way, where both parts contribute to the dialogue...

  19. Coming soon to a planetarium near you

    CERN Multimedia

    Pauline Gagnon

    2011-01-01

    Seeking to popularise the broad research programme undertaken by the LHC experiments, three members of the ATLAS collaboration, Michael Barnett, Kaushik De and Reinhard Schwienhorst, had the idea of reaching new audiences through a planetarium show. Given the thousands of planetariums worldwide, this project could have an astronomical impact…   A snapshot from the ATLAS planetarium show looking distorted when not projected onto a dome (courtesy of Joao Pequenao). "The full-length show will go from the Big Bang to galaxies to underground experiments and possibly AMS before coming to ATLAS for the final third or fourth,” explains Michael Barnett from Lawrence Berkeley Lab (LBL). While much of the media attention has focused on the Higgs boson, this project will show how an experiment like ATLAS can search for dark matter and explain other great mysteries in physics. “We are working with George Smoot, experts from seven major planetariums worldwide, and m...

  20. A new species of the genus Peltogaster Rathke, 1842 (Cirripedia: Rhizocephala: Peltogastridae) parasitizing the hermit crab Pagurixus boninensis (Melin, 1939) from the Bonin Islands, Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshida, Ryuta; Naruse, Tohru

    2016-07-20

    A new rhizocephalan species, Peltogaster unigibba n. sp., is described from the host hermit crab, Pagurixus boninensis (Melin, 1939), from the Bonin Islands, Japan. Of the16 known species of Peltogaster now currently recognised, P. unigibba n. sp., and P. contorta Boschma, 1958 share a left lobe that projects beyond the mantle aperture. The two species can be distinguished from one another by the position of the opening of the mantle aperture. The new species most closely resembles P. naushonensis Reinhard, 1946 in its internal structure, but clearly differs in the relative length of the colleteric glands. Peltogaster unigibba n. sp. represents the first record of a rhizocephalan from the oceanic Bonin Islands, and the second record of a rhizocephalan from an oceanic island in the northern hemisphere.

  1. Townes Group Activities from 1983-2000: Personal Recollections of William Danchi

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danchi, William C.

    2015-01-01

    I arrived in Berkeley in October 1983 as a post-doc, and my appointment was at the Space Sciences Laboratory (SSL). During that time the group was very large, with multiple activities led by Charlie himself and also by Senior Fellows such as John Lacy, Dan Jaffe, and Al Betz at the top of the hill at Space Sciences. Another significant contingent of the Townes group was housed in Birge Hall on campus, led by Reinhard Genzel when he was an Assistant Professor in the Physics Department. Although the group encompassed two separate locations, it functioned as one large group. Either we rode with Charlie up and down the hill, or (if we were concerned about our safety!) we took the bus.

  2. Should violent offenders be forced to undergo neurotechnological treatment?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Thomas Søbirk; Kragh, Kristian

    2017-01-01

    ’s right to freedom of thought. We argue that this objection can be challenged. First, we present some specifications of what a right to freedom of thought might mean. We focus on the recently published views of Jared Craig, and Jan Cristopher Bublitz and Reinhard Merkel. Secondly, we argue that forcing...... violent offenders to undergo certain kinds of NT may not violate the offender’s right to freedom of thought as that right is specified by Craig, and Bublitz and Merkel. Thirdly, even if non-consensual NT is used in a way that does violate freedom of thought, such use can be difficult to abandon without...... inconsistency. For if one is not an abolitionist, and therefore accepts traditional state punishments for violent offenders like imprisonment – which, the evidence shows, often violate the offender’s right to freedom of thought – then, it is argued, one will have reason to accept that violent offenders can...

  3. Cell scientist to watch - Sandra Rieger.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2018-06-19

    Sandra Rieger studied at the University of Applied Sciences at Fulda, Germany, and wrote her diploma thesis in collaboration with Zyomyx, Inc. (San Francisco, USA). She then joined the laboratory of Reinhard Koester at the Helmholtz Center in Munich to complete her PhD in developmental neurobiology in 2008. For her postdoctoral studies, Sandra moved to the University of California, Los Angeles to work with Alvaro Sagasti on axon regeneration in zebrafish. Since 2011, she has been Assistant Professor for regenerative biology and medicine at the MDI Biological Laboratory in Maine, USA. In the summer of 2018, Sandra will establish a laboratory at the University of Miami, Florida, to become a tenure-track Associate Professor at the Department of Biology. The Rieger laboratory studies cellular communication mechanisms between sensory neurons and injured epidermal cells, leading to wound healing, nerve regeneration and degeneration after injury or exposure to chemotherapeutic agents. © 2018. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd.

  4. Detailed Investigations of Interactions between Ionizing Radiation and Neutral Gases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Landers, Allen L

    2014-03-31

    We are investigating phenomena that stem from the many body dynamics associated with ionization of an atom or molecule by photon or charged particle. Our program is funded through the Department of Energy EPSCoR Laboratory Partnership Award in collaboration with Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. We are using variations on the well established COLTRIMS technique to measure ions and electrons ejected during these interactions. Photoionization measurements take place at the Advanced Light Source at LBNL as part of the ALS-COLTRIMS collaboration with the groups of Reinhard Dörner at Frankfurt and Ali Belkacem at LBNL. Additional experiments on charged particle impact are conducted locally at Auburn University where we are studying the dissociative molecular dynamics following interactions with either ions or electrons over a velocity range of 1 to 12 atomic units.

  5. The experience and effect of team sport in a migrant culture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ryom, Knud; Stelter, Reinhard

    The experience and effect of team sport in a migrant culture Knud Ryom, Reinhard Stelter University of Copenhagen, Denmark Boys with migrant background have major difficulties to adjust and participate in the Danish school system and society (OECD,2010). This study aimed to investigate the possible...... effects of team sport as a social tool, used to develop social capability, identity and active citizenship in an area with major social challenges in Denmark. A team sport (football) was chosen because of positive results in social integration for individuals with a diverse cultural background...... in an area with major social challenges. Research implications will be discussed at the symposium. The experience and effect of team sport in a migrant culture. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/278674530_The_experience_and_effect_of_team_sport_in_a_migrant_culture [accessed Sep 15...

  6. Teoría de Juegos Aplicada a la Economía

    OpenAIRE

    Hernández Rodríguez, Adrián

    2017-01-01

    La Teoría de Juegos es una rama de las matemáticas y la economía que se encarga de analizar unas situaciones denominadas juegos, en las que dos o más jugadores deben decidir qué decisión tomar en función de las decisiones que puedan tomar los otros. Esta rama comenzó a tomar una gran importancia en la década de 1990, con la consecución en 1994 del Premio Nobel de Economía por parte de John Forbes Nash, John Harsanyi y Reinhard Selten. La Teoría de Juegos puede utilizarse para resolver situ...

  7. En kvalitativ undersøgelse – Narrativ gruppecoachings indvirkning på unge sportstalenter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Behrens, Thomas Seiger; Gilkrog, Lene

    2010-01-01

    Narrativ gruppecoaching af unge sportstalenter - En kvalitativ undersøgelse af deltagerens oplevede effekter med interventionen Undersøgelsen tager udgangspunkt i et Team Danmark støttet forskningsprojekt af professor Reinhard Stelter. Dette projekt har til formål at undersøge den narrative...... gruppecoaching indvirkning på unge sportstalenters idræts- og hverdagsliv. En kvalitativ undersøgelsesdel blev gennemført af specialestuderende Lene Gilkrog og Thomas Behrens og bygger på dybdeinterviews med seks udvalgte deltagere i projektet. Denne undersøgelse viser mange gevinster ved at benytte narrativ...... meningsdannelse. Projektets resultater viser tydeligt, at der ligger et stort potentiale i den anvende narrativ gruppecoaching som mental tilgang til elitesporten – ikke mindst fordi udøverne udvikler deres syn på deres identitet som "hele" mennesker og ikke blot som sportsudøvere. Metoden kan helt sikkert...

  8. (Não Reconhecimento e subcidadania, ou o que é ''ser gente''? (Non Recognition and undercitizenship or what is it ''to be a human being''?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jessé Souza

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Este texto discute e combina algumas teorias contemporâneas sobre a origem e a dinâmica do reconhecimento social, como a de Charles Taylor, com abordagens socioculturais acerca da temática da desigualdade, como as de Pierre Bourdieu e Reinhard Kreckel, de modo a aplicá-las de forma modificada e produtiva para o esclarecimento de questões centrais da modernidade periférica, como os fenômenos da subcidadania e da naturalização da desigualdade. Seu objetivo é elaborar uma concepção teórica alternativa às abordagens personalistas e patrimonialistas desses fenômenos, assim como às percepções conjunturais e pragmáticas, produto da parcelização e fragmentação do conhecimento, que perdem o vínculo com qualquer realidade mais ampla e totalizadora.This article discusses and matches some contemporary theories on the origin and dynamics of social recognition, such as Charles Taylor's, and sociocultural approaches to the subject of inequality, such as Pierre Bourdieu's and Reinhard Kreckel's, in order to apply them, in a modified and productive way, to central matters of peripheral modernity, such as the undercitizenship and the naturalization of inequality. Its aim is to develop an alternative conception to the patrimonialist and personalist approaches to the subject, as well as to short-range and pragmatic perceptions, which are the result of the partition and fragmentation of knowledge, unconcerned about understanding a more embracing reality.

  9. Revision of the western Palaearctic species of Aleiodes Wesmael (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Rogadinae. Part 1: Introduction, key to species groups, outlying distinctive species, and revisionary notes on some further species

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cornelis van Achterberg

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Seven new species of the genus Aleiodes Wesmael, 1838 (Braconidae: Rogadinae are described and illustrated: A. abraxanae sp. n., A. angustipterus sp. n., A. artesiariae sp. n., A. carminatus sp. n., A. diarsianae sp. n., A. leptofemur sp. n., and A. ryrholmi sp. n. A neotype is designated for each of Aleiodes circumscriptus (Nees, 1834 and A. pictus (Herrich-Schäffer, 1838, and both species are redescribed and illustrated. Aleiodes ochraceus Hellén, 1927 (not A. ochraceus (Curtis, 1834 is renamed as A. curticornis nom. n. & stat. rev., and redescribed and illustrated. Aleiodes bistrigatus Roman, 1917, A. nigriceps Wesmael, 1838, and A. reticulatus (Noskiewicz, 1956, are re-instated as valid species. A lectotype is designated for Aleiodes bistrigatus Roman. An illustrated key is given to some distinctive species and the residual species groups along which further parts of an entire revision of western Palaearctic species of Aleiodes and Heterogamus will be organised. Biology, host associations and phenology are discussed for the keyed species (in addition to the above, A. albitibia (Herrich-Schäffer, 1838, A. apiculatus (Fahringer, 1932, A. arcticus (Thomson, 1892, A. cantherius (Lyle, 1919, A. esenbeckii (Hartig, 1834, A. jakowlewi (Kokujev, 1898, A. modestus (Reinhard, 1863, A. nigricornis Wesmael, 1838, A. pallidator (Thunberg, 1822, A. praetor (Reinhard, 1863, A. seriatus (Herrich- Schäffer, 1838 sensu lato, A. testaceus (Telenga, 1941, A. ungularis (Thomson, 1892, and A. varius (Herrich-Schäffer, 1838 which are dealt with in full here (with the exception of A. seriatus s.l. which is, however, included in the key. The experimental methodology covering the revision as a whole, which involves some behavioural investigation, is outlined.

  10. Carsharing on the country. Feasibility study. Final report; Carsharing in der Flaeche (CIF). Machbarkeitsstudie. Abschlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stutzbach, M.; Raabe, T.; Pfriem, R.; Becker, U.J.

    2001-07-01

    The present feasibility study about 'Car-sharing in rural areas' is the joint production of a project consortium from science and practice. The consortium was composed of two chairs in the field of business management of the Carl von Ossietzky University (Chair for general business management studies, company management and business-related environmental policy, Prof. Dr. Reinhard Pfriem and the Chair for general business management studies, sales and marketing, Prof. Dr. Thorsten Raabe), a Chair in the field of traffic science of the Technical University of Dresden (Chair for traffic ecology, Prof. Dr. Udo J. Becker) as well as the federal association Carsharing (bcs) (Martin Stutzbach). The joint target of the working group members was to justify a 'model experiment Carsharing in rural areas' and to test it in terms of feasibility. The question whether the Carsharing concept can be transferred from conurbations to rural areas is supposed to be investigated in a most extensive scientific framework and at the same time closely oriented to the practice by means of a model experiment as research approach. (orig.) [German] Die vorliegende Machbarkeitsstudie zum 'Carsharing in der Flaeche' ist die Gemeinschaftsproduktion eines Projektkonsortiums aus Wissenschaft und Praxis. Es setzte sich zusammen aus zwei betriebswirtschaftlichen Lehrstuehlen der Carl von Ossietzky Universitaet Oldenburg (Lehrstuhl fuer ABWL, Unternehmensfuehrung und betriebliche Umweltpolitik Prof. Dr. Reinhard Pfriem und Lehrstuhl fuer ABWL, Absatz und Marketing, Prof. Dr. Thorsten Raabe), einem verkehrswissenschaftlichen Lehrstuhl der TU Dresden (Lehrstuhl fuer Verkehrsoekologie, Prof. Dr. Udo J. Becker) sowie dem Bundesverband Carsharing (bcs) (Martin Stutzbach). Gemeinsamens Ziel der Arbeitsgruppenmitglieder war es, einen 'Modellversuch Carsharing in der Flaeche' zu begruenden und hinsichtlich seiner Machbarkeit zu pruefen. Mit Hilfe eines solchen

  11. 41st Vietnam National Conference on Theoretical Physics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2017-01-01

    Preface The 41 st Vietnam National Conference on Theoretical Physics (NCTP-41) was held during 1-4 August 2016 in Nha Trang, Vietnam. The NCTP-41 was organized by the Institute of Physics, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology (IOP-VAST) under the support of the Vietnamese Theoretical Physics Society (VTPS). This meeting belongs to a series of annual theoretical physics conferences that started in 1976. The conference has covered a wide range of theoretical physics topics from 4 major fields: • Particle, nuclear and astro- physics, • Molecular physics, quantum optics and quantum computation, • Condensed matter physics, • Soft matter, biological and interdisciplinary physics. 115 participants have participated in the conference. 2 invited talks, 22 oral and 75 poster contributions were presented. This volume contains selected papers contributed by the participants. Editors of the NCTP-41 Proceedings Trinh Xuan Hoang, Hoang Anh Tuan and Vu Ngoc Tuoc Information about Organizer, Sponsor, Honorary Chair and Chair and also lists of committees and participants are available in the PDF (paper)

  12. Evaluation of Road Performance Based on International Roughness Index and Falling Weight Deflectometer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasanuddin; Setyawan, A.; Yulianto, B.

    2018-03-01

    Assessment to the performance of road pavement is deemed necessary to improve the management quality of road maintenance and rehabilitation. This research to evaluate the road base on functional and structural and recommendations handling done. Assessing the pavement performance is conducted with functional and structural evaluation. Functional evaluation of pavement is based on the value of IRI (International Roughness Index) which among others is derived from reading NAASRA for analysis and recommended road handling. Meanwhile, structural evaluation of pavement is done by analyzing deflection value based on FWD (Falling Weight Deflectometer) data resulting in SN (Structural Number) value. The analysis will result in SN eff (Structural Number Effective) and SN f (Structural Number Future) value obtained from comparing SN eff to SN f value that leads to SCI (Structural Condition Index) value. SCI value implies the possible recommendation for handling pavement. The study done to Simpang Tuan-Batas Kota Jambi road segment was based on functional analysis. The study indicated that the road segment split into 12 segments in which segment 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, and 11 were of regular maintenance, segment 2, 4, 8, 10, 12 belonged to periodic maintenance, and segment 6 was of rehabilitation. The structural analysis resulted in 8 segments consisting of segment 1 and 2 recommended for regular maintenance, segment 3, 4, 5, and 7 for functional overlay, and 6 and 8 were of structural overlay.

  13. Dai limiti del luogo alle barriere dello spazio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Toni Veneri

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Renaissance travel literature does not include the experience of the geometrical border yet: it tells about positioning in zones, transitional areas where everything happens. Thus these textual traces increasingly tend to fashion themselves according provisional negotiations between map indicators and route indicators, between description and narration, leading to a balance or a tension between strategies and tactics. The features of the modern map, its formalization and its newly acquired autonomy, depend on this very polarization, on a binarism emerging between spatial setup and material experience of places. Referring to this crucial historical context, this paper would like to consider some apparently divergent definitions of space and place. In the last decades two main trends, respectively oriented to the theoretical redemption of the notion of space (the spatial turn of cultural studies and place (the humanistic turn of geographical disciplines, seem nonetheless to convey towards a shared critique of the rigidity and stability of the concept of place when confronted to the polysemic category of space. If the Aristotelian place as a qualitative limit worked as an authoritative foundation unit for the medieval space of localization, during the Renaissance a quantitative space willing to be an “unlimited place” challenges this well established organization. Considering this process, this paper suggests the possibility, in order to suit a distinction rendered influential by Yi-Fu Tuan in geographical studies, to invert the promising philosophical terms employed by Michel de Certeau to describe the radical changes undergone by geographical imagination in these critical centuries.

  14. Fenomena Intertekstualitas Fashion Karnaval di Nusantara

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lois Denissa

    2016-12-01

    ABSTRAK   Merebaknya fashion karnaval di Nusantara dan berbagai genre lain dipicu oleh keberadaan Jember Fashion Carnaval. Michael Bahtin menyebut fenomena ini sebagai intertekstualitas yaitu ketergantungan satu teks dengan teks lain, sehingga keberadaan sebuah teks selalu dipengaruhi oleh teks sebelumnya. Teori intertekstualitas ini mengubah pandangan orang terhadap proses pengutipan karya dan melahirkan kritik terhadap karya yang mengedepankan otentisitas dan orisinalitas. Penelitian menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif interpretastif dengan menganalisis bagaimana perkembangan Jember Fashion Carnaval mempengaruhi merebaknya karnaval seru- pa di kota lain dan bangkitnya respon positif genre-genre seni untuk berkiprah bersama. Kon- sistensinya telah menjadi magnit bagi fotografer, media, pameran fotografi, lukisan, kuliner dan industri kreatif lokal. Terbentuknya Asosiasi Karnaval Indonesia, tergabungnya tujuh propinsi dalam Wonderful Archipelago Carnival Indonesia  dan Jember menjadi tuan rumah etalase karna- val Nusantara. Hasil penelitian ini menginterpretasikan bahwa proses interteks-tualitas kostum pada karnaval merupakan perspektif yang positif karena kemampuannya mengaktifkan genre seni sejenis maupun berbeda sehingga menciptakan medan karnaval yang kondusif.   Kata kunci: Intertekstualitas, Jember Fashion Carnaval, Medan Karnaval

  15. Ibm Kelurahan Siwalan Kecamatan Gayamsari Kota Semarang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ibnu Toto Husodo

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Gapura bukan semata-mata bangunan fisik yang diartikan sebagai pintu gerbang, tanda batas kota, kabupaten, desa atau kampung. Menurut tradisi, gapura merupakan wujud ungkapan selamat datang yang familiar, semanak, welcome. ?é?áGapura?é?á mewakili?é?á keramahan ?é?ádan ?é?árasa ?é?áhormat?é?á tuan ?é?árumah ?é?ákepada setiap orang atau tamu yang datang.Umumnya gapura dibangun?é?á ?é?áuntuk memperingati Hari Kemerdekaan. Gapura telah menjadi simbol gotong royong, keakraban dan kebersamaan warga masyarakat. Yang menumbuhkan kerinduan setiap tahunnya khususnya menjelang peringatan Hari Kemerdekaan. Dengan ?é?ámembangun?é?á atau ?é?ámerenovasi ?é?ágapura,?é?á nilai-nilai ?é?ákebersamaan dan semangat gotong royong , diperbaharui dalam hati setiap warga. Kegiatan merenovasi, mengecat ulang, membuat atau membangun gapura menjadi lebih menarik ketika pihak-pihak swasta ikut terlibat dengan cara mengadakan lomba mempercantik gapura. Dalam rangka untuk menyambut hari Kemerdekaan ke-70, maka perlu diadakan perbaikan bando GAPURA di wilayah kelurahan Siwalan Kecamatan Gayamsari?é?á ?é?áKota Semarang. Oleh sebab itu kami selaku Akademisi dari Universitas PGRI Semarang melakukan kegiatan Tri Dharma Perguruan Tinggi dengan bentuk Pengabdian Masyarakat untuk program Perbaikan Bando Gapura di Jl. Plewan II Kelurahan Siwalan Kecamatan Gayamsari Kota Semarang, beserta masyarakat setempat sepakat melakukan kegiatan bersama guna merenovasi gapura. ?é?á Kata kunci : gapura , pintu gerbang gapura.

  16. Guardião de imagens: “memórias fotográficas” e a relação de pertencimento de um pioneiro com Londrina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo César Boni

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available A partir de lembranças individuais de um pioneiro da cidade de Londrina, Omeletino Benatto, este estudo visa contribuir com a discussão sobre memória, identidade e pertencimento. Para tanto, foram selecionadas três imagens da época da colonização descritas textual e oralmente pelo pioneiro, sob a ideia da fotografia como “gatilho detonador da memória” e com o apoio da técnica da história oral. Essas imagens e descrições apontam para uma relação de pertencimento do entrevistado com o lugar, onde ele identifica-se, orienta-se e habita. Para a análise são abordados os conceitos de lugar, de Augé (1994, topofilia, de Tuan (1980 e considerações de autores como Schutz, Lynch, Kossoy e Le Goff, sobre história, fotografia, cidade e memória.

  17. The Determinant Factors of Regional Development Toward Land Use Change in Deli Serdang

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindarto, D.; Sirojuzilam; Badaruddin; Dwira

    2017-03-01

    The concept of regional development Mebidangro (Medan, Binjai, Deli Serdang, and Karo) creating neighboring region hinterland Medan city with Deli Serdang Regency especially in Tembung village, Percut Sei Tuan District. Population structure in Tembung shows occurrence condition of rural-urban change which seen from the sprawl land use change. The aim of the study is to reveal the genius locus as one of land use change factors. The study conducted with quantitative approach intended at obtaining variables which describing several factors forming land use change. Descriptive approach intended to give an idea, justification, and fact-finding with correct interpretation. Data collected through a purposive sampling of 300 respondents who have built the house between 2010 till 2014. With overlay figure/ground technique, scoring analysis, descriptive quantitative and SEM (Structural Equational Models) gained a result that place character/genius locus (p=0,007) potentially as one of the main land use change driving factors besides accessibility (p=0,039), infrastructure (p=0,005), social-economic p=0,038). Topographic (p=0,663) was inversely potentially. The implication of the findings is required intensive control in space utilization considering the rapid change in land use transformation that tend to have the negative impact of urban sprawl.

  18. Psicología y Destrucción del Psiquismo: La Utilización Profesional del Conocimiento Psicológico para la Tortura de Presos Políticos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Pavón-Cuéllar

    Full Text Available Resumen: El artículo aborda el tema de la utilización de la Psicología para la tortura de presos políticos en el mundo y especialmente en América Latina. Primero se incursiona en el reciente debate sobre los psicólogos torturadores de los Estados Unidos. Luego se recuerdan los precedentes del empleo de la Psicología para torturar en la Alemania nazi, la España franquista, la represión colonial francesa en Argelia y la estrategia militar estadounidense durante la Guerra Fría. La consideración de tales precedentes y del reciente debate en los Estados Unidos permite llegar a una representación general de la forma en que la Psicología opera en la tortura como forma de supresión y desintegración del psiquismo. Esta representación general guía un análisis de los casos de cuatro profesionales de la salud mental que pusieron sus profesiones al servicio de regímenes autoritarios latinoamericanos para torturar a presos políticos entre los años 60 y 70 del siglo XX: el psiquiatra mexicano Salvador Roquet, el psicoanalista brasileño Amílcar Lobo Moreira, el psicólogo uruguayo Dolcey Brito y el psicólogo chileno Hernán Tuane.

  19. KOSMOLOGI RUANG ADAT SEBAGAI IDENTITAS PEMUKIMAN KAMPUNG NAGA, TASIKMALAYA - JAWA BARAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meta Khairunnisa

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available [Title: Traditional Cosmologycal Space as Kampung Naga Setlement Identity, Tasikmalaya - Jawa Barat] Located far from the city, an architectural masterpiece grows and developes in traditional settlement. The form and settlement identity merges with emotional’s people inside that not only creates an identity but also influences in the development of surrounding area . local wisdom is created from local identity and cultural that becomes soul and character of the settlement (Haryanto,2007:89. Place is created by experience memories in the past that makes the familiar space and indepth meaning (Tuan,2010:73. Kampung Naga is one of the Sundanesse traditional settlement in West Java that maintains the culture and local wisdom, nevertheless globalisation begin to influences the meaning of cultural space inside. Its has a cosmology cocept, proper behaviour and religion that is created naturally and transmitted orally from generation to generation.The research is to understand cultural themes in Kampung Naga as an identity of Naga’s people. Etnography metodology is used to describe the space indepth and connectivity of the meaning. Cultural spaces that is created from cosmologycal persception and traditional low are Pamali space, Sacred Space and Gender space, the elements of space inside give indepth meaning and create local identity of Sundanese people.

  20. In-Situ Compositional Analysis and Provenance Study of the Historic Terengganu Stone (“Batu Bersurat Piagam Terengganu”) Using Neutron-Induced Prompt Gamma-Ray Techniques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Abdullah, J.; Yahya, R.; Dahing, N. S.; Shaari, M. R.; Mahmood, A. A.; Hassan, H.; Jamaluddin, T. A.; Abdullah, M. Y.; Mahmud, N. A.; Mosorov, V.

    2018-01-01

    Terengganu inscribed stone is the oldest artifact with Jawi writing on it. It is a most treasured heritage for the history of Malaysian civilisation. The artifact proves that the Kingdom of Terengganu exist earlier than 1326 or 1386. It was accidentally discovered near Tersat River at Kampong Buluh, Kuala Berang, Terengganu, Malaysia by a gold & tin trader after a flash flood hit Kuala Berang in 1902.The inscription turned out to be a proclamation issued by the ''Sri Paduka Tuan'' of Terengganu. The significant is the date on the first face of the inscription, which is given as the year 1303 AD. This project focuses on the development of in-situ compositional analysis and provenance study of the Inscribed Terengganu Stone using Neutron-Induced Prompt Gamma-Ray Techniques (NIPGAT). To date, a lot of studies have been carried out by historians and archaeologists about the content of the inscription, but no scientific investigation about the material composition and its provenance has been performed. In this project, an instrumental analysis NIPGAT was designed as a portable non-destructive investigation tool employing an isotopic neutron source (Cf-252) and a gamma-ray spectroscopy system for in-situ investigation of the Inscribed Stone. (author)

  1. Towards the microscopic description of the irradiation of biomolecules

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dinh, P. M.; Suraud, E.; Reinhard, P. G.; Wang, Z.

    2009-01-01

    neutral projectiles can nevertheless not be treated by usual available calculations, and certainly not in the framework of a unique theoretical approach. In the present work we have adapted the non adiabatic approach of Calvayrac et al. [1] to the case of organic molecule and we apply it to realistic irradiation scenarios. This method contains as limiting cases pure electron dynamics and BO dynamics (Car-Parinello dynamics) and can thus describe collisions with high-velocity charged or low-velocity neutral projectiles. Moreover, at variance with currently available approaches, it enables complementing cases to be described such as low velocity charged and high-velocity neutral projectiles. Indeed such a non adiabatic approach places no restriction on the velocity or charge state of the projectile and thus offers an unified picture of many possible irradiation scenarios. Furthermore this approach can be extended to account for environment effects in a hierarchical picture, which will be extremely useful to treat large water environments [2]. We illustrate the capabilities of the method on irradiation of ethylene [3], and water molecules [4] and clusters. References: [1] Non linear electron dynamics in metal clusters, F. Calvayrac, P. G. Reinhard, E. Suraud, C. Ullrich, Phys. Reports 337(2000)493-578 [2] Dynamics of clusters and molecules in contact with an environment, P. M. Dinh, P.-G. Reinhard, E. Suraud, arXiv:0903.1004v1, submitted to Phys. Rep. [3] DFT studies of ethylene in femtosecond laser pulses , Z.P. Wang, P. M. Dinh, P.-G. Reinhard, E. Suraud, F.S. Zhang, arXiv:0903.5246 [4] Production of intense beams of mass-selected water cluster ions and theoretical study of atom-water interactions, Z.P.Wang et al , arXiv:0903.5241 (author)

  2. Steam generator corrosion 2007; Dampferzeugerkorrosion 2007

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Born, M. (ed.)

    2007-07-01

    Eiteneuer); (o) Thermodynamical calculations according to the optimization of spray alloys (Manfred Born, Juergen Korb, Ruediger W. Schuelen); (p) Thermal spraying between claim of erosion and claim of corrosion (Reinhard Polak, Franz Kremsner); (q) Flue gas-lateral cleaning of heating surfaces at operation and standstill of incineration boilers for waste, substitute fuels and biomass (Joerg Krueger); (r) Avoidance of superheater corrosion by external overheating (Reinhard Schu).

  3. SmartR: an open-source platform for interactive visual analytics for translational research data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herzinger, Sascha; Gu, Wei; Satagopam, Venkata; Eifes, Serge; Rege, Kavita; Barbosa-Silva, Adriano; Schneider, Reinhard

    2017-07-15

    In translational research, efficient knowledge exchange between the different fields of expertise is crucial. An open platform that is capable of storing a multitude of data types such as clinical, pre-clinical or OMICS data combined with strong visual analytical capabilities will significantly accelerate the scientific progress by making data more accessible and hypothesis generation easier. The open data warehouse tranSMART is capable of storing a variety of data types and has a growing user community including both academic institutions and pharmaceutical companies. tranSMART, however, currently lacks interactive and dynamic visual analytics and does not permit any post-processing interaction or exploration. For this reason, we developed SmartR , a plugin for tranSMART, that equips the platform not only with several dynamic visual analytical workflows, but also provides its own framework for the addition of new custom workflows. Modern web technologies such as D3.js or AngularJS were used to build a set of standard visualizations that were heavily improved with dynamic elements. The source code is licensed under the Apache 2.0 License and is freely available on GitHub: https://github.com/transmart/SmartR . reinhard.schneider@uni.lu. Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online. © The Author(s) 2017. Published by Oxford University Press.

  4. The effect of physical activity on sleep quality, well-being, and affect in academic stress periods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wunsch K

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Kathrin Wunsch, Nadine Kasten, Reinhard Fuchs Department of Sport Science, Sport Psychology Unit, Albert-Ludwigs University Freiburg, Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany Abstract: The stress-buffering hypothesis postulates that physical activity and exercise can buffer the negative effects of (academic stress on health. It still remains an open question whether students, who regularly engage in physical activity and exercise within their academic examination period, can successfully diminish these negative effects. Sixty-four subjects participated in this study and completed a total of five surveys, with T1 at the end of the semester break (baseline and T2–T5 being presented every Friday in the last 4 weeks of the semester (examination period. They were asked to answer questions about their activity level, sleep quality, well-being and affect. Hierarchical linear models showed significant dependencies on time for all dependent measures. The expansion of the model for exercise also showed significant main effects of this predictor on well-being and positive affect (PA and negative affect. Moreover, significant interactions with time for sleep quality and PA were found. Results suggest that physical activity and exercise in the academic examination period may be able to buffer the negative effects of stress on health-related outcomes. Therefore, activity levels should be maintained in times of high stress to prevent negative effects on sleep, well-being and affect in students. Keywords: examination stress, exercise, stress-buffering hypothesis

  5. Kunsten at dvæle i dialogen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stelter, Reinhard

    en drøm, nemlig at føre dialoger, som beriger begge parter – vel vidende, at dialogholderen, fx coachen, har et særligt ansvar for dialogens fremgang. Bogen henvender sig til alle, der ønsker at styrke deres evner som samskabende dialogpartner – uanset om man er coach, mentor, leder, kollega......I denne bog forholder Reinhard Stelter sig til de kritiske stemmer, som har rejst sig i forhold til coaching. Denne kritik anses for berettiget, især når man placerer coaching som middel til optimering af den enkeltes præstationsræs og som simpelt motivationsinstrument. Præstationssubjektet har...... nået sine grænser og skal mødes med omsorg og forståelse. Forfatterens ambition er at inddrage tredje generations coaching i en søgen efter en bæredygtig, frugtbar og åben dialogform, som kan bruges I mange livskontekster. Dialogpartneren frigøres ved at inviteres til at finde sit etiske ståsted...

  6. Quanta 5; Quanten 5

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kleinknecht, Konrad (ed.) [Heisenberg Gesellschaft e.V., Muenchen (Germany)

    2017-07-01

    ''Quanta 5'' contains the two speeches on the member meeting of the Heisenberg society in october 2016. Reinhard Werner talked about the meaning of Heisenberg's uncertainty relation and its interpretation in the framework of quantum mechanics. Johannes Bluemer reported about the works on cosmic radiation, which were performed during the second world war in Berlin and after the war in the Max-Planck institute for physics in Goettingen, as well as about the results of the latest experiments on the cosmic radiation. Reprinted is furthermore Heisenberg's speech ''Wandlungen der Grundlagen der exakten Naturwissenschaft in juengster Zeit'', which he gave in the meeting of the natural researchers at 17.9.1934 in Hanover. It is the reaction of Heisenberg on the attacks by Johannes Stark and Philipp Lenard on Jewish scientists and on the developments of modern Physics, especially on Einstein's relativity theory and quantum mechanics. The closure of the volume forms an essay of Tobias Jung about the importance of Heisenberg's house in Urfeld above the Bavarian Walchensee.

  7. O impacto da Primeira Guerra Mundial sobre a Europa e a literatura de guerra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Volker Jaeckel

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Hoje, cem anos depois das maiores batalhas navais e de trincheiras, cabe a pergunta: como esta Grande Guerra Europeia mudou não somente as configurações do continente, mas também os conceitos de guerra e de literatura de guerra? Até o século XIX, a guerra era vista por muitos como um ato heroico, pelo qual os homens podiam comprovar a sua valentia numa luta aberta, encarando diretamente o inimigo. Com a nova tecnologia de armas, a morte vem de forma invisível: gás, submarinos, artilharias de longo alcance, minas, aviões, tanques e metralhadoras. Muda-se a estratégia bélica e finda o sentimento de uma luta nobre para defender a pátria. Neste artigo, a grande desilusão com a guerra será exemplificada através dos romances Nada de novo no front (1929 de Erich Maria Remarque, Os quatro cavaleiros do Apocalipse (1916 de Vicente Blasco Ibáñez, abarcando a guerra terrestre, assim como o drama expressionista Batalha naval (1917 de Reinhard Göring.

  8. Trans-identity - the Standards of Diagnostics and Treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gessmann H.-V.

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available German Society for Sexual Research, Academy of Sexual Medicine and Society of Sexology formulated standards for evaluation and treatment of transsexuals. The creation of the standards involved Sophinette Becker, Hartmut A. G. Bosinski, Ulrich Clement, Wolf Eicher, Thomas M. Goerlich, Uwe Hartmann, Götz Kockott, Dieter Langer, Wilhelm E. Preuss, Gunter Schmidt, Alfred Springer, Reinhard Wille. Since 1980, the Federal Republic of Germany has a law on transsexualism, which regulates the right of the individual to change the sex. However, until now there were no specifically defined standards of assessment and treatment of transsexuals. For the first time, in 1979 Harry Benjamin invited the International Medical Association of Germany to revise the standards of medical care for gender dysphoria. The following standards of assessment and treatment of transsexuals have been developed at a conference convened by the German Society for Research Expert Committee under the leadership of Sophinette Becker. The review of currently valid standards for evaluation and treatment of transgender is the subject of this article

  9. Beam profiles for fast neutrons; and reply

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bewley, D.K.; Parnell, C.J.; Bloch, P.

    1976-01-01

    The authors express surprise that Bloch et al. (Bloch, P.H., Hendry, G.O., Hilton, J.L., Quam, W.M., Reinhard, D.K., and Wilson, C., 1976, Phys. Med. Biol., Vol. 21, 450) justified a target size of 5.5 x 5.5 cm in a neutron generator by comparison with the profile given by a 2.5 MV X-ray generator. The penumbral width of this new neutron generator is more than twice that of a modern megavoltage X-ray machine, and larger than those of beams from standard 60 Co units, or of the Hammersmith Hospital cyclotron beam. The large target size of the neutron generator may have to be accepted as a necessary evil, but should not be considered satisfactory. In reply, one of the authors of the original note presents the results of calculations of beam profiles for 14 MeV neutron beams in a tissue-equivalent phantom, and suggests that the broader profiles are principally caused by the larger probability of side scatter, not by source size. The most fruitful approach to sharpening the neutron beam profile would seem to be to design a field flattening filter to increase relative dose near the edge inside the geometrically defined field. Calculations indicating that Bewley and Parnell have underestimated the penumbral widths of 60 Co beams are also presented. (U.K.)

  10. Dynamic network reconstruction from gene expression data applied to immune response during bacterial infection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guthke, Reinhard; Möller, Ulrich; Hoffmann, Martin; Thies, Frank; Töpfer, Susanne

    2005-04-15

    The immune response to bacterial infection represents a complex network of dynamic gene and protein interactions. We present an optimized reverse engineering strategy aimed at a reconstruction of this kind of interaction networks. The proposed approach is based on both microarray data and available biological knowledge. The main kinetics of the immune response were identified by fuzzy clustering of gene expression profiles (time series). The number of clusters was optimized using various evaluation criteria. For each cluster a representative gene with a high fuzzy-membership was chosen in accordance with available physiological knowledge. Then hypothetical network structures were identified by seeking systems of ordinary differential equations, whose simulated kinetics could fit the gene expression profiles of the cluster-representative genes. For the construction of hypothetical network structures singular value decomposition (SVD) based methods and a newly introduced heuristic Network Generation Method here were compared. It turned out that the proposed novel method could find sparser networks and gave better fits to the experimental data. Reinhard.Guthke@hki-jena.de.

  11. Forensic entomology and main challenges in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomes, Leonardo; Von Zuben, Cláudio J

    2006-01-01

    Apart from an early case report from China (13th century), the first observations on insects and other arthropods as forensic indicators were documented in Germany and France during mass exhumations in the 1880s by Reinhard, who is considered a co-founder of the discipline. After the French publication of Mégnin's popular book on the applied aspects of forensic entomology, the concept quickly spread to Canada and United States. At that time, researchers recognized that the lack of systematic observations of insects of forensic importance jeopardized their use as indicators of postmortem interval. General advances in insect taxonomy and ecology helped to fill this gap over the following decades. After World Wars, few forensic entomology cases were reported in the scientific literature. From 1960s to the 1980s, Leclercq and Nuorteva were primarily responsible for maintaining the method in Central Europe, reporting isolated cases. Since then, basic research in the USA, Russia and Canada opened the way to the routine use of Entomology in forensic investigations. Identifications of insects associated with human cadavers are relatively few in the literature of the Neotropical region and have received little attention in Brazil. This article brings an overview of historic developments in this field, the recent studies and the main problems and challenges in South America and mainly in Brazil.

  12. Quanta 5

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kleinknecht, Konrad

    2017-01-01

    ''Quanta 5'' contains the two speeches on the member meeting of the Heisenberg society in october 2016. Reinhard Werner talked about the meaning of Heisenberg's uncertainty relation and its interpretation in the framework of quantum mechanics. Johannes Bluemer reported about the works on cosmic radiation, which were performed during the second world war in Berlin and after the war in the Max-Planck institute for physics in Goettingen, as well as about the results of the latest experiments on the cosmic radiation. Reprinted is furthermore Heisenberg's speech ''Wandlungen der Grundlagen der exakten Naturwissenschaft in juengster Zeit'', which he gave in the meeting of the natural researchers at 17.9.1934 in Hanover. It is the reaction of Heisenberg on the attacks by Johannes Stark and Philipp Lenard on Jewish scientists and on the developments of modern Physics, especially on Einstein's relativity theory and quantum mechanics. The closure of the volume forms an essay of Tobias Jung about the importance of Heisenberg's house in Urfeld above the Bavarian Walchensee.

  13. Diverse Portfolio of Scientific Instrumentation Initiatives of the Deep Carbon Observatory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schiffries, Craig; Hazen, Robert; Hemley, Russell; Mangum, Andrea

    2016-04-01

    Advances in scientific instrumentation are important drivers of scientific discovery. The Deep Carbon Observatory (DCO) supports a diverse portfolio of scientific instrumentation initiatives worldwide as part of its ten-year quest to achieve a transformational understanding of the quantities, movements, origins, and forms of Earth's deep carbon. Substantial progress has been made in the development of a wide range of instruments, including: • Quantum cascade laser-infrared absorption spectrometer for clumped methane isotope thermometry (Shuhei Ono) • Large-radius high-mass-resolution multiple-collector isotope ratio mass spectrometer for analysis of rare isotopologues of methane and other gases (Edward Young, Douglas Rumble) • Volcanic field deployment of the laser isotope ratio-meter (Damien Weidmann) • Novel large-volume diamond anvil cell for neutron scattering (Malcolm Guthrie, Reinhard Boehler) • Novel synchrotron x-ray probes for deep carbon (Wendy Mao) • Ultrafast laser instrument for in situ measurements of elastic, electronic, and transport properties of carbon-bearing fluids and crystalline materials (Alexander Goncharov) • Combined instrument for molecular imaging in geochemistry (Andrew Steele) • Pressurized Underwater Sample Handler (Isabelle Daniel, Karyn Rogers) These and other DCO instrumentation projects are highly leveraged investments involving a large number of sponsors, partners, and collaborators.

  14. Amor al vecino y cuestionamientos a la nación en la literatura del siglo diecinueve

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Andrés

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available La figura de “el vecino” es en sí misma interesante debido a que excede a la oposición binaria formada por amigo y enemigo, opor esa persona con la que me identifico, por un lado, y ese completo extraño al que tal vez vea como un Otro irreducible, por otro. El vecino, en cuanto figura que no pertence al espacio privado inmediato del círculo familiar y doméstico pero que, aun y así, está en el círculo de la proximidad física enla comunidad, es relevante por razones políticas y éticas. Este ensayo explora pasajes de pensadores como Hannah Arendt, Zygmunt Bauman, Maurice Blanchot, Judith Butler, Roberto Esposito, Sigmund Freud, Ernesto Laclau, Emmanuel Levinas, Kenneth Reinhard, Franz Rosenzweig, Eric Santner, Richard Sennett y Slavoj Žižek, entre otros, y glosa algunas de las posiciones en el debate sobre la aplicabilidad del precepto “ama a tu vecino como a ti mismo”.

  15. Elastocaloric cooling materials and systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takeuchi, Ichiro

    2015-03-01

    We are actively pursuing applications of thermoelastic (elastocaloric) cooling using shape memory alloys. Latent heat associated with martensitic transformation of shape memory alloys can be used to run cooling cycles with stress-inducing mechanical drives. The coefficient of performance of thermoelastic cooling materials can be as high as 11 with the directly measured DT of around 17 °C. Depending on the stress application mode, the number of cycles to fatigue can be as large as of the order of 105. Efforts to design and develop thermoelastic alloys with long fatigue life will be discussed. The current project at the University of Maryland is focused on development of building air-conditioners, and at Maryland Energy and Sensor Technologies, smaller scale commercial applications are being pursued. This work is carried out in collaboration with Jun Cui, Yiming Wu, Suxin Qian, Yunho Hwang, Jan Muehlbauer, and Reinhard Radermacher, and it is funded by the ARPA-E BEETIT program and the State of Maryland.

  16. Climate change and ecological restructuring of industrial society; Klimawandel und oekologischer Umbau der Industriegesellschaft

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-07-01

    Within the European Conference at 22nd/23rd September, 2010 at the Thuringian state chancellery Erfurt (Federal Republic of Germany) the following lectures were held: (1) The climatic change and the global development (Dirk Messner); (2) Reconstruction of the industrial society: How can Vorarlberg achieve the aim of the EU up to 2020 (Bertram Schedler); (3) The part of renewable energy sources in Germany: Establishment of an infrastructure with low CO{sub 2} emissions in the energy supply and facility management (Ursula Heinen); (4) Securing the energy supply under the aegis of the shortages of petroleum, natural gas and coal: The role of renewable energy resources and solar energy in the solar state of Thuringia (Matthias Machnig); (5) ''Desert Energy'' for Europe: From the vision to reality (Thorsten Marquardt); (6) Solar primary industry under the Bitterfelder Bogen from the view of the modern ''solar site with future'' (Hilmar Tiefel); (7) CO{sub 2} reduction, energy efficiency and renewable energies: European research politics for a better energy supply (Reinhard Wecker); (8) Panel discussion on the improvement of the efficiency / price reduction and compensation for electricity fed into the grid: How do owners of companies and buildings motivate to more commitment for solar energy? (Harry Lehmann, Ami Elazari, Dieter D. Genske).

  17. GEOGRAPHY IN CHILDHOOD FOR THE VISUALLY IMPAIRED STUDENTS: the use of a multi-sensorial landscape model for the learning of the landscape concept

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Maria Santos de Arruda

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The teaching of Geography for the visually impaired students needs to be re-contextualized so that this leaner may build up his knowledge through multi sensorial experiences, in which the other senses may be used. Rethinking the teaching of Geography for the visually impaired students regarding the landscape concept, from a sensorial experience, makes possible to build the concept through a dimension of textures, smell, sounds, and flavors, being necessary to exploit touch, smell, hearing and taste. This article aims to present multi-sensorial didactic material using the experiences lived by students in the landscape of the Institute Benjamin Constant (IBC. By means of sensorial activities, didactic materials were built so as to help students in the understanding of the landscape concept and enabling the use of the senses. In order to do so, IBC itself was one of the starting points for the observations that were made. As a result, four sensorial materials were obtained. However, in this article a multi-sensorial model was used to work the landscape concept with the blind students of the first year, searching to go through situations with these students that favored the concept of construction in them. The theoretical reference for the research was based on Tuan (2012 and Soler (1999, considering the multi-sensorial landscape and on Lopes (2010 concerning Geography and childhood. O Ensino de Geografia para alunos com Deficiência Visual, precisa ser recontextualizado para que esses educandos possam construir seus conhecimentos através de experiências multissensoriais, nas quais os outros sentidos sejam utilizados. Repensar o Ensino de Geografia para alunos com Deficiência Visual no que tange ao conceito de paisagem, a partir de uma vivência sensorial, torna-se possível por meio da construção do conceito através de uma dimensão de texturas, aromas, sons e sabores, sendo necessário explorar o tato, o olfato, a audição e o paladar. Esse

  18. Unusual Metals in Galactic Center Stars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hensley, Kerry

    2018-03-01

    Far from the galactic suburbs where the Sun resides, a cluster of stars in the nucleus of the Milky Way orbits a supermassive black hole. Can chemical abundance measurements help us understand the formation history of the galactic center nuclear star cluster?Studying Stellar PopulationsMetallicity distributions for stars in the inner two degrees of the Milky Way (blue) and the central parsec (orange). [Do et al. 2018]While many galaxies host nuclear star clusters, most are too distant for us to study in detail; only in the Milky Way can we resolve individual stars within one parsec of a supermassive black hole. The nucleus of our galaxy is an exotic and dangerous place, and its not yet clear how these stars came to be where they are were they siphoned off from other parts of the galaxy, or did they form in place, in an environment rocked by tidal forces?Studying the chemical abundances of stars provides a way to separate distinct stellar populations and discern when and where these stars formed. Previous studies using medium-resolution spectroscopy have revealed that many stars within the central parsec of our galaxy have very high metallicities possibly higher than any other region of the Milky Way. Can high-resolution spectroscopy tell us more about this unusual population of stars?Spectral Lines on DisplayTuan Do (University of California, Los Angeles, Galactic Center Group) and collaborators performed high-resolution spectroscopic observations of two late-type giant starslocated half a parsec from the Milky Ways supermassive black hole.Comparison of the observed spectra of the two galactic center stars (black) with synthetic spectra with low (blue) and high (orange) [Sc/Fe] values. Click to enlarge. [Do et al. 2018]In order to constrain the metallicities of these stars, Do and collaborators compared the observed spectra to a grid of synthetic spectra and used a spectral synthesis technique to determine the abundances of individual elements. They found that

  19. RESPONS KULTURAL MASYARAKAT SASAK TERHADAP ISLAM

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    Asnawi Asnawi

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Islam reached Lombok island at sixteenth century, approximately at 1545. Its well-known spreader was an expedition from Java led by Sunan Prapen son of Sunan Giri, one of the famous wali songo (nine religious leaders, the Islam spreader in Java. Before Islam reached this island, according to some historian, the indigenous Sasak—appellation to indigenous of Lombok people—had had their own traditional religion, Boda. Sometimes Boda was also called Majapahit Religion.Method of spreading Islam at early time of Islam in this island was called three-linked system. A religious leader coming from Java had to teach three indigenous people and then made them be religious leaders. After mastering what was taught they were considered religious leaders and, in turn, respectively have to teach another three candidates. This method of spreading gained effective outputs on one hand, but on other hand it also shaped a kind of viewpoint among indigenous people that the religious obligatories such as daily praying and fasting are only the duty of religious leaders not of common people.Such unexpected point of view in turn has polarized the people into two groups, religious leaders and their common disciples. The later have point of view that they only do what their religious leader and king ask them to do, and this was the embryo of a local Islamic syncretism known as Wetu Telu. After time of Sunan Prapen, the Tuan Guru—a special call to Lombokness religious leaders—take responsiblity on islamization in this island, especially to the Wetu Telu disciples. 

  20. The place character as land use change determinant in Deli Serdang

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindarto, D.; Sirojuzilam; Badaruddin; Aulia, DN

    2018-03-01

    The Mebidangro concept of development (Medan, Binjai, Deli Serdang, Karo) in Sumatera Utara creating peri urban area in region hinterland Medan city especially in Tembung village, Percut Sei Tuan District. This peri urban area is a conjunction of several rural-urban activities that forming a friendly atmosphere. The dynamic of population structure shows occurrence the sprawl of land use change condition. In the site of the urban region showing the unique performance that built the place character. The aim of the study is to uncover the place character as one of land use change determinant factors. The study conducted with quantitative approach intended at obtaining variables which describing several factors forming land use change. Descriptive approach give an idea, justification, and fact-finding with correct interpretation. Data collected through a purposive sampling of 320 respondents who stay and built the building and land between 2010 till 2014. With overlay figure/ground technique, scoring analysis, descriptive quantitative and SEM (Structural Equational Models) gained a result that urban heritage (p=0,008) potentially as one of the main land use change driving factors besides accessibility (p=0,039), infrastructure (p=0,010), social-economic (p=0,038) in fact topographic factor (p=0,663) was inversely potentially. The implication of the findings is required intensive attention toward the form of place character (mosque, the quarter, district activity, peri urban edges city and railway) as determinant factors of land use change considering forming the identity of the rapid change in land use transformation.

  1. A PERCEPÇÃO DO ESPAÇO TURISTICO URBANO PELA COMUNIDADE DE ILHÉUS – BAHIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adelina Prado Calda Neres

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Compreender o fenômeno do turismo no espaço perpassa pelo entendimento de que o conhecimento científico se processa a partir das relações entre os sujeitos e o objeto e dos níveis de experiências que esses travam entre si. Nesse sentido destaca-se a cidade de Ilhéus, que se apresenta como um dos destinos turísticos mais procurados do Estado da Bahia. Assim, este trabalho busca compreender os efeitos da atividade turística e as influências no processo de produção e consumo do espaço urbano ilheense. Justifica-se este estudo através do diálogo dialético do pensamento teórico com a realidade da prática da atividade turística neste, baseados em Bomfim (2005, Yazig (2003, Carlos (2002 e Milton Santos (1997. Para tal, utiliza-se da pesquisa qualitativa, adotando-se a teoria e o método numa concepção fenomenológica e dialógica (HUSSERL, 1986; TUAN, 1980, com o objetivo de apreender a percepção do espaço urbano transformado em espaço turístico pela comunidade local de Ilhéus. Os resultados apontam que a atividade turística desenvolvida até agora em Ilhéus tem seu foco apenas no turista, e os benefícios atingem a uma pequena parcela da sociedade, de maneira que a comunidade local não valida essa atividade como tal.

  2. “O CAÇADOR”, DE RINALDO DE FERNANDES: O VIVER O JOGO E A EXPERIÊNCIA URBANA DA OCUPAÇÃO / “The hunter”, by Rinaldo de Fernandes: to live the game and the urban experience of the occupation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márcia Manir Miguel Feitosa

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetiva-se com esse artigo uma leitura da espacialidade no conto “O caçador”, de Rinaldo deFernandes, considerado um dos grandes expoentes da literatura brasileira contemporânea. Emfunção da dinâmica da ação transcorrida no universo da casa do caçador, um dos personagensprincipais do conto, constituirá o leitmotiv deste texto o constructo da experiência urbana da ocupação.Como aporte teórico serão suscitadas as obras O homem e a terra: natureza da realidadegeográfica, do geógrafo francês Eric Dardel; A poética do espaço, do filósofo francês GastonBachelard e, sobretudo, Topofilia: um estudo da percepção, atitudes e valores do meio ambienteespaço e lugar: a perspectiva da experiência, ambas de autoria do geógrafo chinês Yi-Fu Tuan.À luz, portanto, da teoria da percepção do espaço sob o viés fenomenológico-existencialista, seráanalisado o conto em tela numa perspectiva interdisciplinar, mais especificamente da GeografiaHumanista Cultural, um dos campos mais instigantes da Geografia contemporânea, onde a subjetividadepode ser incorporada para fins de estudo e interpretação da condição humana. Palavras-chave: espaço; experiência; ocupação.

  3. PREFACE: The International Conference on Highly Frustrated Magnetism HFM2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eremin, Ilya; Brenig, Wolfram; Kremer, Reinhard; Litterst, Jochen

    2009-01-01

    The International Conference on Highly Frustrated Magnetism 2008 (HFM2008) took place on 7-12 September 2008 at the Technische Universität Carolo-Wilhelmina zu Braunschweig, Germany. This conference was the fourth event in a series of meetings, which started in Waterloo, Canada (HFM 2000), followed by the second one in Grenoble, France (HFM 2003), and the third meeting in Osaka, Japan (HFM 2006). HFM2008 attracted more than 220 participants from all over the world. The number of participants of the HFM conference series has been increasing steadily, from about 80 participants at HFM 2000, to 120 participants at HFM 2003, and 190 participants at HFM 2006, demonstrating that highly frustrated magnetism remains a rapidly growing area of research in condensed matter physics. At the end of HFM2008 it was decided that the next International Conference on Highly Frustrated Magnetism will be held in Baltimore, USA in 2010. HFM2008 saw four plenary talks by R Moessner, S Nakatsuji, S-W Cheong, and S Sachdev, 18 invited presentations, 30 contributed talks and about 160 poster presentations from all areas of frustrated magnetism. The subjects covered by the conference included: Kagome systems Itinerant frustrated systems Spinels and pyrochlore materials Triangular systems Unconventional order and spin liquids Chain systems Chain systems Novel frustrated systems This volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series contains the proceedings of HFM2008 with 83 papers that provide a scientific record of the scientific topics covered by the conference. All articles have been refereed by experts in the field. It is our hope that the reader will enjoy and profit from the HFM2008 Proceedings. Ilya Eremin Proceedings Editor Wolfram Brenig, Reinhard Kremer, and Jochen Litterst Co-Editors International Advisory Board L Balents (USA) F Becca (Italy) S Bramwell (UK) P Fulde (Germany) B D Gaulin (Canada) J E Greedan (Canada) A Harrison (France) Z Hiroi (Japan) H Kawamura (Japan) A Keren

  4. Trasmissione del sapere musicale e storia della cultura europea nei primi decenni del secolo XV

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    Matteo Nanni

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available L’evoluzione storico-musicale nella prima metà del Quattrocento è caratterizzata dall’internazionalizzazione della cultura musicale europea ed si pone in continuità con il processo culturale del primo umanesimo. La categoria di ‘evoluzione’ e l’idea stessa di ‘rinascita’, ovvero quella “leggenda di un progresso” (Martin Le Franc, Johannes Tinctoris discussa da Reinhard Strohm, sono concetti che oggi devono essere letti non soltanto nel senso di una omologazione stilistica, ma anche come aspetto distintivo di una ricerca d’identità culturale. Anche dal punto di vista storico-musicale siamo di fronte alla costituzione di un nuovo gusto europeo nato dalla fusione di stili e di pratiche locali che si espanderà, grazie alla trasmissione delle compilazioni manoscritte, per tutto il continente e al quale aderiranno, in maniera disomogenea, anche compositori di regioni più remote.Il Concilio di Basilea non costituisce solo un dato storico circoscrivibile agli anni in cui si svolse il sinodo, così come non è da considerarsi solo un fatto empirico riguardante la sola città della Svizzera settentrionale. Esso deve piuttosto essere assunto come un evento paradigmatico per la storia della cultura del Quattrocento. Gli incontri fra intellettuali ed artisti, l’interazione fra musicisti di diverse regioni europee che si incontravano grazie ai frequentissimi spostamenti delle corti e delle cappelle, fanno del Concilio la piattaforma virtuale sia per la ricerca di una nuova identità culturale sia per la nascita di nuovi repertori e pratiche musicali. Il Concilio trascende quindi i confini contingenti della città di Basilea trasformandosi in una vera e propria “dinamica culturale” in cui i singoli individui contribuiscono alla continua trasmissione e fusione di esperienze musicali diventando vettori di una nuova mentalità musicale che raggiunse anche gli angoli più remoti dell’Europa.

  5. Marine redox structure at the culmination of the Great Oxidation Event: Insights from the Zaonega Formation, Karelia, Russia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kipp, M.; Lepland, A.; Buick, R.

    2017-12-01

    The availability of dissolved oxygen is thought to have been the dominant throttle on the evolution and diversification of eukaryotic life during the Proterozoic Eon [1]. In the mid-Proterozoic, during the interval that presaged the rise of eukaryotes to ecological dominance, oxygen scarcity is thought to have relegated eukaryotic organisms to slivers of oxygenated shallow oceans [2]. However, recent work has suggested that oxygen levels rose dramatically during the early Paleoproterozoic Great Oxidation Event before crashing to the low levels of the mid-Proterozoic [3]. Evidence from selenium isotopes in shales [4] and iodate concentrations in carbonates [5] has even suggested that wide swathes of continental shelves were oxic enough to support eukaryotic organisms at this time. How oxic though, and for how long, remain poorly constrained. Here we present new selenium geochemical data from the Zaonega Formation of Karelia, Russia that can help resolve those questions. Previous work has proposed that the Zaonega Formation, and correlative Francevillian Series of Gabon, record the establishment of an oxygen-rich atmosphere at the culmination of the GOE [6]. Our selenium isotope dataset provides a test for this hypothesis, and can also be used to assess the preservation of the geochemical signatures in the Zaonega Formation. These data point to regional redox fluctuations, but due to the short marine residence time of selenium, extrapolating these results to global phenomena remains difficult. 1. Reinhard, et al (2016) PNAS 2. Planavsky, et al (2014) Science 3. Bekker and Holland (2012) EPSL 4. Kipp, et al (2017) PNAS 5. Hardisty, et al (2014) Geology 6. Kump, et al (2011) Science

  6. Bauhaus (1919-1933

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    Rafael García

    1994-06-01

    Full Text Available Los cuadros y resúmenes siguientes son un estrado de los acontecimientos y actividades más destacados de la Bauhaus. Las dos tablas cronológicas han sido elaboradas por José' Manuel García Roig a partir de las siguientes fuentes originales: Para la historia de la propia Bauhaus; Catálogo de la Exposición "Utopías de la Bauhaus", obra sobre papel, Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid 5 de mayo a 26 de junio de 1988. Para la historia de la República de Weimar; Reinhard Kühnl, La República de Weimar, edicions Alfons el Magnánim, institució Valenciana d'Estudis i Investigació, Valencia, 1991 y Anthony Phelan, El dilema de Weimar. Los intelectuales en la República de Weimar, Edicions Alfons el Magnánim, Institució Valenciana d'Estudis i Investigació, Valencia, 1990. Para la cronología de acontecimientos artístico-arquitectónicos contemporáneos; Bruno Zevi, Historia de la Arquitectura Moderna, Editorial Poseidón, Barcelona, 1980. Los resúmenes que las siguen han sido realizados por Rafael García García tomando como fuentes: Hans M. Wingler, La Bauhaus editorial Gustavo Gili, Barcelona 1980; Rainer Wick, La Pedagogía de la Bauhaus. Alianza Editorial, Madrid, 1986 (cuadro cronológico p.34; Bauhaus archiv, Magdalena Droste, Bauhaus. Benedict Taschen Verlag, 1991.

  7. Iranian gas will be an issue

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Slovak, K.

    2008-01-01

    In this paper an interview with director of the Nabucco project, Reinhard Mitchek is published. There is extract from this interview: Iranian gas is a politically sensitive topic Europe cannot avoid I believe that it will become a topic in Europe in the medium to long term. Shouldn't Europe declare that it needs Iranian gas? Otherwise Russia or China may take over. I do not want to advise the European Commission via the media. Iranian gas would bring the Nabucco project closer to reality. A common European Union (EU) foreign policy and common foreign energy policy in particular will be of major importance. We of course need competition in the EU gas sector. But that is a business topic. The political issue is the competitiveness of Europe as an entity competing for energy sources with other regions. The European Union keeps repeating that the Nabucco project has high priority. But what steps has it undertaken to support it? The Commissioner for Energy, Andris Piebalgs, and the Commissioner for External Relations and European Neighbourhood Policy, Benita Ferrero-Waldner, visited Central Asia and supported the export of gas to Europe. That is exactly what Russia does and with more success. We will see. Naturally - these countries have a history of relationships with Russia. Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan have been exporting gas to Russia. But in the meantime these countries also want to extend their export portfolio. We think that through the Trans-Caspian pipeline and the existing gas pipeline connecting Azerbaijan with Turkey, gas from Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan will also get to Nabucco. (authors)

  8. Nota de la editora y los editores invitados. Memorias del presente y del futuro: ¿cómo, para quién, para qué?

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    Paolo Vignolo

    2017-01-01

    El título Memorias del presente y del futuro corresponde precisamente a esta coyuntura, en la que convergen relatos de vida abortados, así como procesos históricos de amplio alcance, tácticas y estrategias de resistencia, macro- y micropolíticas. Al formular la convocatoria para el número teníamos en mente que la memoria, como acto colectivo de rememoración, articula el pasado, el presente y el futuro, y queríamos ir más allá de la noción habitual de memoria como anclada en el pasado, focalizada en una serie de hechos que se sitúan en un tiempo y un espacio que resultan significativos para alguien desde el presente. Si bien el pasado parece un país extraño al que queremos retornar, como lo ha dicho el escritor David Lowenthal (1998, igualmente, asumimos que la memoria es un ámbito de lo cotidiano. En ella se conecta temporal- y biográficamente la dimensión de la experiencia, aquello que le ha sucedido a alguien y de lo que es posible dar cuenta, a través de la narración o de los silencios, con la dimensión de la expectativa, con lo que aún no es, pero se presenta como guía de acción. Así, la memoria, si bien recoge la experiencia acumulada de dolor y esperanza, también condensa horizontes, como bien lo ha mostrado el filósofo de la historia Reinhard Koselleck (1993

  9. Quantum information processing with graph states

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schlingemann, Dirk-Michael

    2005-04-01

    Graph states are multiparticle states which are associated with graphs. Each vertex of the graph corresponds to a single system or particle. The links describe quantum correlations (entanglement) between pairs of connected particles. Graph states were initiated independently by two research groups: On the one hand, graph states were introduced by Briegel and Raussendorf as a resource for a new model of one-way quantum computing, where algorithms are implemented by a sequence of measurements at single particles. On the other hand, graph states were developed by the author of this thesis and ReinhardWerner in Braunschweig, as a tool to build quantum error correcting codes, called graph codes. The connection between the two approaches was fully realized in close cooperation of both research groups. This habilitation thesis provides a survey of the theory of graph codes, focussing mainly, but not exclusively on the author's own research work. We present the theoretical and mathematical background for the analysis of graph codes. The concept of one-way quantum computing for general graph states is discussed. We explicitly show how to realize the encoding and decoding device of a graph code on a one-way quantum computer. This kind of implementation is to be seen as a mathematical description of a quantum memory device. In addition to that, we investigate interaction processes, which enable the creation of graph states on very large systems. Particular graph states can be created, for instance, by an Ising type interaction between next neighbor particles which sits at the points of an infinitely extended cubic lattice. Based on the theory of quantum cellular automata, we give a constructive characterization of general interactions which create a translationally invariant graph state. (orig.)

  10. Conference on wind energy development and biodiversity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gossement, Arnaud; Prevors, Lionel; Nagel, Paul-Bastian; Otto, Iris; Gourat, Fabrice; Sornin-Petit, Nicolas; Kelm, Volker; Beucher, Yannick; Rosenthal, Sonja; Strobl, Reinhard; Kozlowski, Sonia; Herrholz, Thomas; Hannemann, Thomas; Lange, Helmut; Behr, Oliver; Hochradel, Klaus; Mages, Juergen; Nagy, Martina; Korner-Nievergelt, Fraenzi; Niermann, Ivo; Simon, Ralph; Stiller, Florian; Weber, Natalie; Brinkmann, Robert

    2013-01-01

    The French-German office for Renewable energies (OFAEnR) organised a conference on wind energy development and biodiversity. In the framework of this French-German exchange of experience, about 90 participants exchanged views on the existing regulatory systems for nature protection in a wind energy context in both countries. In particular, birds fauna and chiropters protection were in the center of the debates. The question of wind energy development in a forest environment was addressed as well. This document brings together the available presentations (slides) made during this event: 1 - The development of onshore wind farms and the French environmental Code (Arnaud Gossement); 2 - Wind energy development priority - recent advances in environmental regulation (Lionel Prevors); 3 - environmental legislation and wind power deployment in Germany: An overview (Paul-Bastian Nagel); 4 - Avifauna and wind energy plants - To bring the expansion of wind energy in line with environmental issues (Iris Otto) 5 - environmental impact study in France and Germany: what challenges and what bird fauna specificities? (Fabrice Gourat); 6 - How to take into account the chiropters' aspect in authorization procedures? Regional scale experience feedback: the Champagne-Ardenne case (Nicolas Sornin-Petit); 7 - France and Germany - a comparison of bat monitoring experience (Volker Kelm, Yannick Beucher); 8 - Bat-friendly operation algorithms: reducing bat fatalities at wind turbines in central Europe (Oliver Behr); 9 - Wind energy use in forests? specifics from an environmental planning perspective (Sonja Rosenthal); 10 - expansion of wind energy in the Bavarian State Forest (Reinhard Strobl); 11 - Environmental impact assessment and environmental follow-up study for the forest wind farms: experience feedback (Sonia Kozlowski); 12 - German aviation light regulations - German aviation light regulations. Case study: eno 92 at wind farm Schoenerlinde (Thomas Herrholz); 13 - Welcome to

  11. Integral Review and its Editors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Ross

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available In this introduction to Integral Review’s inaugural issue, we explain the meaning we give to the title of this electronic journal which is open-access, both refereed and peer-reviewed, and why that meaning is important for us in today’s world. The draft of the basic article, which was intensely discussed among the members of the editorial committee, was written by Sara Ross and Reinhard Fuhr,* and following it, other members of the editorial committee added their personal emphases in reference to the integral paradigm as well as their (critical evaluation of the premises made in the basic article. Thus Thomas Jordan offers a set of categories and criteria for integral qualities which turned out to be most important in practice and evaluation processes. Michel Bauwens makes distinctions about the multi-perspectival nature of the integral paradigm, points out ways to avoid four different kinds of reductionism, and highlights layers of awareness. Russ Volckman emphasizes the connection between the diversity of worldviews and methodologies, which allow us to also integrate recent developments in behavioral approaches in his professional field of organization and leadership development. Jonathan Reams emphasizes the new, transcendent quality of an integral approach that enables us to use different qualities of “reflection” flexibly and – as we have a meta-framework of human perceptions and values – to recognize everybody’s truth and feel compassionate with it. We then close with a discussion of the relationship between Integral Review and the mission of its non-profit publisher, ARINA, Inc.

  12. Integral Review and its Editors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Ross

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available In this introduction to Integral Review’s inaugural issue, we explain the meaning we give to the title of this electronic journal which is open-access, both refereed and peer-reviewed, and why that meaning is important for us in today’s world. The draft of the basic article, which was intensely discussed among the members of the editorial committee, was written by Sara Ross and Reinhard Fuhr,* and following it, other members of the editorial committee added their personal emphases in reference to the integral paradigm as well as their (critical evaluation of the premises made in the basic article. Thus Thomas Jordan offers a set of categories and criteria for integral qualities which turned out to be most important in practice and evaluation processes. Michel Bauwens makes distinctions about the multi-perspectival nature of the integral paradigm, points out ways to avoid four different kinds of reductionism, and highlights layers of awareness. Russ Volckman emphasizes the connection between the diversity of worldviews and methodologies, which allow us to also integrate recent developments in behavioral approaches in his professional field of organization and leadership development. Jonathan Reams emphasizes the new, transcendent quality of an integral approach that enables us to use different qualities of “reflection” flexibly and - as we have a meta-framework of human perceptions and values - to recognize everybody's truth and feel compassionate with it. We then close with a discussion of the relationship between Integral Review and the mission of its non-profit publisher, ARINA, Inc.

  13. Evaluation of zinc-doped mesoporous hydroxyapatite microspheres for the construction of a novel biomimetic scaffold optimized for bone augmentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu W

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Weilin Yu,1,* Tuan-Wei Sun,2,3,* Chao Qi,2,3 Zhenyu Ding,1 Huakun Zhao,1 Shichang Zhao,1 Zhongmin Shi,1 Ying-Jie Zhu,2,3 Daoyun Chen,1 Yaohua He1,4 1Department of Orthopedics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People’s Hospital, 2State Key Laboratory of High Performance Ceramics and Superfine Microstructure, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, 3University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 4School of Biomedical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People’s Hospital, Shanghai, China *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: Biomaterials with high osteogenic activity are desirable for sufficient healing of bone defects resulting from trauma, tumor, infection, and congenital abnormalities. Synthetic materials mimicking the structure and composition of human trabecular bone are of considerable potential in bone augmentation. In the present study, a zinc (Zn-doped mesoporous hydroxyapatite microspheres (Zn-MHMs/collagen scaffold (Zn-MHMs/Coll was developed through a lyophilization fabrication process and designed to mimic the trabecular bone. The Zn-MHMs were synthesized through a microwave-hydrothermal method by using creatine phosphate as an organic phosphorus source. Zn-MHMs that consist of hydroxyapatite nanosheets showed relatively uniform spherical morphology, mesoporous hollow structure, high specific surface area, and homogeneous Zn distribution. They were additionally investigated as a drug nanocarrier, which was efficient in drug delivery and presented a pH-responsive drug release behavior. Furthermore, they were incorporated into the collagen matrix to construct a biomimetic scaffold optimized for bone tissue regeneration. The Zn-MHMs/Coll scaffolds showed an interconnected pore structure in the range of 100–300 µm and a sustained release of Zn ions. More importantly, the Zn-MHMs/Coll scaffolds could enhance the osteogenic differentiation

  14. Keefektifan Model Pembelajaran LC 5E Dan TSTS Berbantuan LKPD Terhadap Hasil Belajar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ririn Asmawati

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakTujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui apakah hasil belajar pada pembelajaran Learning Cycle 5E (LC 5E dan kooperatif Two Stay Two Stray (TSTS berbantuan LKPD dapat mencapai KKM yang ditetapkan sekolah; untuk mengetahui apakah rata-rata hasil belajar pada pembelajaran LC 5E dan TSTS berbantuan LKPD lebih tinggi daripada pem-belajaran ekspositori, serta apakah rata-rata hasil belajar pada pembelajaran LC 5E berban-tuan LKPD lebih baik daripada pembelajaran TSTS berbantuan LKPD. Data penelitian diperoleh dengan metode tes dan observasi. Analisis data hasil belajar meliputi uji nor-malitas, uji homogenitas, uji perbedaan rata-rata, uji scheffe, dan uji proporsi. Hasil pene-litian menunjukkan bahwa hasil belajar pada pembelajaran LC 5E berbantuan LKPD telah mencapai KKM, sedangkan hasil belajar pada pembelajaran TSTS berbantuan LKPD dan pembelajaran ekspositori belum mencapai KKM. Selain itu, rata-rata hasil belajar pada pembelajaran LC 5E dan TSTS berbantuan LKPD lebih tinggi daripada pembelajaran eks-positori, sedangkan rata-rata hasil belajar pada pembelajaran LC 5E berbantuan LKPD le-bih baik daripada pembelajaran TSTS berbantuan LKPD. Kata kunci:       hasil belajar; LC 5E; TSTS  AbstractThe purposes of this research are to find out whether the learning outcomes in the Learning Cycle 5E (LC 5E and the cooperative Two Stay Two Stray (TSTS assisted LKPD may attain the KKM settled by the school; to find out whether the average of the learning outcome in the LC 5E and TSTS assisted LKPD is higher than the expository learning, and whether the average of the learning outcome in the LC 5E assisted LKPD is better than TSTS assisted LKPD. The data of the research were obtained by testing and observation methods. The data analysis of learning outcomes included normality test, homogeneity test, mean difference test, Scheffe test, and proportions test. The research outcome indicated that the learning outcome in the implementation of

  15. Utilization of services provided by village based ethnic minority midwives in mountainous villages of Vietnam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doan DTT

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Doan Thi Thuy Duong,1 Bui Thi Thu Ha,1 Le Minh Thi,1 Duong Minh Duc,1 Luu Thi Hong,2 Tuan Anh Dinh,2 Tolib Mirzoev3 1Department of Reproductive Health, Hanoi School of Public Health, 2Department of Maternal and Child Health, Ministry of Health, Hanoi, Vietnam; 3Nuffield Centre for International Health and Development, Leeds Institute of Health Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK Introduction: Since 2011, the Vietnam’s Ministry of Health implemented the ethnic minority midwives (EMMs scheme in order to increase the utilization of maternal health services by women from ethnic minorities and those living in hard-to-reach mountainous areas. This paper analyzes the utilization of antenatal, delivery, and postpartum care provided by EMMs and reports the key determinants of utilization of EMM services as perceived by service users. Methods: A structured questionnaire was administered in 2015 to all mothers (n=320 who gave birth to a live-born during a 1-year period in 31 villages which had EMM in two provinces, Dien Bien and Kon Tum. A multivariate logistic regression model was used to examine the association between all potential factors and the use of services provided by EMMs. Results: We found that EMMs provided more antenatal care and postnatal care as compared with delivery services, which corresponded to their job descriptions. The results also showed that utilization of antenatal care provided by EMMs was lower than that of postnatal care. The proportion of those who never heard about EMM was high (24%. Among the mothers who knew about EMM services, 33.4% had antenatal checkups, 20.1% were attended during home deliveries, and 57.3% had postnatal visits by an EMM. Key factors that determined the use of EMM services included knowledge of the location of EMM’s house, being aware about EMMs by health workers, trust in services provided by EMMs, and perception that many others mothers in a village also knew about EMM services. Conclusion

  16. TRADISI PENGAJIAN KITAB TURÂTS MELAYU- ARAB DI PULAU SERIBU MASJID DAN SERIBU PESANTREN, LOMBOK, INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fahrurrozi Fahrurrozi

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on the recitation and preservation of Arab- Malay Turast book reviews in Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara, which clas- sified into four sections: 1 Recitals ( Khalaqah 2 Public preaching from The Majelis Dakwah (Islamic Da’wa council and The Para Tuan Guru’s ( Asâtiz focused group studies ( Majelis Taklim . 3 Formal material stud- ies at Islamic boarding schools ( pesantren 4 Reading of Malay Islamic books by commoner in several religious activities. This study is signifi- cant because, The Arabic-Malay books are considered as a treasure for the Archipelago and yet, it is starting to fade among the Malay Islamic society. This also seen from the more and more lack of interest in speak- ing and writing using Arab-Malay language. Unlike the era of 18-19 cen- tury, where Arabic-Malay is considered as the most important language among the Malay communities, since it was used in communication and media literacy. The most prominent stretch of the Malay Literacy could be seen in the 14th to 16th century where many books are translated, composed or adapted into several languages, includes Malay, Javanese, Sundanese, Bugis and many others. In fact, some Islamic Indonesian au- thors also re-wrote the books with similar style and content closed to the original book. Moreover, the tradition of reading and reviewing Islamic Malay books have long taken place in the midst of society. It was both read on the public preaching or individually, such as the research of the Sabilal Muhtadin fiqh’s book by Syeikh Arsyad Banjar; Kitab Perukunan Ibadah Doa dan Zikr (worship, praying and remembrance, Hidayatus Salikin on Sufism; Fiqh’s and Sufism’s Al-Muhtadi Masa’ilah which is also commonly used in nyaer form (reading the Arab-Malay books in a singsong manner; Qishashul Anbiya ; Kifayah al-Muhtaj; Nur Muhammad , and the story of the Husain bin Ali’s killing.

  17. Cognitive Style and Mobile E-Learning in Emergent Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Disorders for Millennial Undergraduate Medical Students: Randomized Controlled Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Li-Ang; Chao, Yi-Ping; Huang, Chung-Guei; Fang, Ji-Tseng; Wang, Shu-Ling; Chuang, Cheng-Keng; Kang, Chung-Jan; Hsin, Li-Jen; Lin, Wan-Ni; Fang, Tuan-Jen; Li, Hsueh-Yu

    2018-02-13

    different cognitive styles. Clinicaltrials.gov NCT02971735; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02971735 (Archived by WebCite at http://www.webcitation.org/6waoOpCEV). ©Li-Ang Lee, Yi-Ping Chao, Chung-Guei Huang, Ji-Tseng Fang, Shu-Ling Wang, Cheng-Keng Chuang, Chung-Jan Kang, Li-Jen Hsin, Wan-Ni Lin, Tuan-Jen Fang, Hsueh-Yu Li. Originally published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research (http://www.jmir.org), 13.02.2018.

  18. The cost of antiretroviral treatment service for patients with HIV/AIDS in a central outpatient clinic in Vietnam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nguyen LT

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Long Thanh Nguyen,1 Bach Xuan Tran,2 Cuong Tuan Tran,1 Huong Thi Le,1 Son Van Tran1 1Authority of HIV/AIDS Control, Ministry of Health, Hanoi, Vietnam; 2Institute for Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi, Vietnam Introduction: Antiretroviral treatment (ART services are estimated to account for 30% of the total resources needed for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS control and prevention in Vietnam during the 2011–2020 timeframe. With international funding decreasing, determining the total cost of HIV/AIDS treatment is necessary in order to develop a master plan for the transition of ART services delivery and management. We analyzed the costs of HIV/AIDS treatment paid by both HIV programs and patients in a central outpatient clinic, and we explored factors associated with the capacity of patients to pay for this service. Methods: Patients (n=315 receiving ART in the Department of Infectious Diseases at Bach Mai Hospital, Hanoi, Vietnam, were interviewed. Patient records and expenses were reviewed. Results: The total cost of ART per patient was US$611 (75% from health care providers, 25% from patients or their families. The cost of a second-line regimen was found to be 2.7 times higher than the first-line regimen cost. Most outpatients (73.3% were able to completely pay for all of their ART expenses. Capacity to pay for ART was influenced by five factors, including marital status, distance from house to clinic, patient's monthly income, household economic condition, and health insurance status. Most of the patients (84.8% would have been willing to pay for health insurance if a copayment scheme for ART were to be introduced. Conclusion: This study provides evidence on payment capacity of HIV/AIDS patients in Vietnam and supplies information on ART costs from both provider and patient perspectives. In particular, results from this study suggest that earlier access to ART

  19. Quantitative research for pollution levels in marine sediments of Ha Long Bay by nuclear technique

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nguyen Quang Long; Tran Thi Tuyet Mai; Pham Ngoc Khai; Nguyen Trung Thanh; Nguyen Van Phuc; Doan Thuy Hau; Duong Van Thang; Ha Lan Anh; Vo Thi Anh; Nguyen Thi Thu Ha

    2013-01-01

    Under the theme of Quantitative study of pollution levels in marine sediments of Halong bay by nuclear techniques conducted from June 2011 to June 2013, the authors conducted monitoring, sediment samples collected in the bay below the sediment column at 8 locations, in which 7 columns located at the estuary near Tuan Chau Island and 1 column at the area near the harbor of Cam Pha. The column samples were taken to the laboratory, cut slices with a distance of 2 cm in the form of frozen and conduct tests of radioactive Pb-210 to determine the rate of sediment in the survey area. Evaluation results based on the method by determining 210 Pb, the sediment rate showed speed in the survey area ranged from 0.3 cm.a -1 to 1.2 cm.a -1 and an average of 1.0 cm.a -1 . The slices of sediment samples (110 samples) were analyzed heavy metals (KLN) and As elemental by ICP-MS method. These sediment sample also were analyzed for simultaneous determination of N and P and total organic carbon (TOC). Results showed that heavy metal concentrations and As is smaller than the value specified in the National Technical Regulation on Sediment Quality of Vietnam (QCVN), phosphorus concentration less than that can cause harmful effects, but the concentration of total nitrogen and organic carbon that may exceed be harmful as directed by Canadian standards (Persuad et al. 1992). The concentration data in the Halong bay sediment were processed by statistical software SPSS-18, results showed high correlation between the quality TOC, N, P, K and correlation the majority of KLN, this proves the origin of sediments is part of the natural soil components and parts (TOC, N, P, K) is due to the activity of human activity as well as by agricultural fertilizers. The average content of elements in sediments Halong be compared with other data published works of sediment Quang Ninh area, the results show the correlation figures are also high. However, the results of the analysis of KLN and As in Halong

  20. Controls on Atmospheric O2: The Anoxic Archean and the Suboxic Proterozoic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kasting, J. F.

    2015-12-01

    289, 756 (2000). 4. C. T. Reinhard, N. J. Planavsky, T. W. Lyons, Nature 497, 100 (May, 2013). 5. A. D. Anbar et al., Science 317, 1903 (Sep, 2007). 6. S. A. Crowe et al., Nature 501, 535 (Sep, 2013). 7. D. C. Catling, K. J. Zahnle, C. P. McKay, Science 293, 839 (2001). 8. J. F. Kasting, Chem. Geol. 362, 13 (2013). 9. N. J. Planavsky et al., Science 346, 635 (Oct, 2014).

  1. Visions of sustainable urban energy systems. Proceedings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pietzsch, Ursula [HFT Stuttgart (Germany). zafh.net - Centre of Applied Research - Sustainable Energy Technology; Mikosch, Milena [Steinbeis-Zentrum, Stuttgart (Germany). Europaeischer Technologietransfer; Liesner, Lisa (eds.)

    2010-09-15

    Within the polycity final conference from 15th to 17th September, 2010, in Stuttgart (Federal Republic of Germany) the following lectures were held: (1) Visions of sustainable urban energy system (Ursula Eicker); (2) Words of welcome (Tanja Goenner); (3) Zero-energy Europe - We are on our way (Jean-Marie Bemtgen); (4) Polycity - Energy networks in sustainable cities An introduction (Ursula Pietzsch); (5) Energy efficient city - Successful examples in the European concerto initiative (Brigitte Bach); (6) Sustainable building and urban concepts in the Catalonian polycity project contributions to the polycity final conference 2010 (Nuria Pedrals); (7) Energy efficient buildings and renewable supply within the German polycity project (Ursula Eicker); (8) Energy efficient buildings and cities in the US (Thomas Spiegehalter); (9) Energy efficient communities - First results from an IEA collaboration project (Reinhard Jank); (10) The European energy performance of buildings directive (EPBD) - Lessons learned (Eduardo Maldonado); (11) Passive house standard in Europe - State-of-the-art and challenges (Wolfgang Feist); (12) High efficiency non-residential buildings: Concepts, implementations and experiences from the UK (Levin Lomas); (13) This is how we can save our world (Franz Alt); (14) Green buildings and renewable heating and cooling concepts in China (Yanjun Dai); (15) Sustainable urban energy solutions for Asia (Brahmanand Mohanty); (16) Description of ''Parc de l'Alba'' polygeneration system: A large-scale trigeneration system with district heating within the Spanish polycity project (Francesc Figueras Bellot); (17) Improved building automation and control systems with hardware-in-the loop solutions (Martin Becker); (18) The Italian polycity project area: Arquata (Luigi Fazari); (19) Photovoltaic system integration: In rehabilitated urban structures: Experiences and performance results from the Italian polycity project in Turin (Franco

  2. ExNum 2016 International Symposium on Experimental Methods and Numerical Simulation in Engineering Sciences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editorial Foreword

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available ExNum 2016International Symposium on Experimental Methods and Numerical Simulation in Engineering SciencesSeptember 18th - 21st, 2016Conference Centre Liblice, Liblice, Czech RepublicOrganized by:Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics ASCR, v.v.i.Faculty of Transportation Sciences CTU in PragueBergische Universität Wuppertal, Faculty 5 - Architecture and Civil EngineeringThe International Symposium on Experimental Methods and Numerical Simulation in Engineering Sciences continues the tradition of the Czech-German bilateral symposium founded by prof. Karl-Hans Laermann and prof. Stanislav Holý in 1985. In the following years, the symposium was extensively developed by prof. Josef Jíra. The symposium shall bring together mainly young scientists who are actively involved in experimental solid mechanics, theoretically and practically, in order to exchange experience, to report on the present state-of-art as well as on running research projects, to discuss due questions and problems and to promote the co-operation between individuals as well as between institutions. Therefore in the symposium discussions will play a highly significant role.Scientific Committeeprof. Ing. Ondřej Jiroušek, Ph.D. (Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics ASCR, v.v.i.Univ.-Prof. Dr.-Ing.Dr.h.c.mult. Karl-Hans Laermann (Bergische Universität WuppertalProf. Dr.- Ing. Reinhard Harte (Bergische Universität Wuppertal, Faculty 5 - Architecture and Civil EngineeringProf. Dr.-Ing. Marc Gutermann (Hochschule BremenIng. Daniel Kytýř, Ph.D. (Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Transportation SciencesIng. Petr Zlámal, Ph.D. (Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics ASCR, v.v.i.Local Organizing CommitteeTomáš DoktorTomáš FílaNela KrčmářováPetr KoudelkaVeronika KoudelkováDaniel KytýřJan ŠleichrtPetr ZlámalEditorsDaniel KytýřPetr ZlámalScientific GuidanceOndřej Jiroušek

  3. PREFACE: Preface

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takahashi, Masahiko; Ueda, Kiyoshi

    2011-03-01

    the conference. Finally, the chairs would like to express their thanks to all the participants for contributing to lively and fruitful discussions throughout the conference. Masahiko Takahashi and Kiyoshi Ueda International Advisory Board Lorenzo Avaldi (Italy)Klaus Bartschat (USA) Azzedine Lahmam-Bennani (France)Jamal Berakdar (Germany) Nora Berrah (USA)Igor Bray (Australia) XiangJun Chen (China)Claude Dal Cappello (France) Reinhard Dörner (Germany)Alexander Dorn (Germany) Danielle Dowek (France)Alexey Grum-Grzhimailo (Russia) Noriyuki Kouchi (Japan)Birgit Lohmann (Australia) Don Madison (USA)Fernando Martin (Spain) Andrew Murray (England)Bernard Piraux (Belgium) Roberto Rivarola (Argentina)Emma Sokell (Ireland) Giovanni Stefani (Italy) Conference photograph

  4. RELIABILITY AND VALIDITY OF CLINICAL AND ULTRASOUND EXAMINATIONS OF DEVELOPMENTAL HIP DYSPLASIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Predrag Grubor

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH is the most common congenital deformation of the musculoskeletal system and its successful treatment is closely related to early diagnosis. The study is aimed at examining the incidence of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH and at analysing the validity of clinical examination, which is used for the early detection of DDH in the neonatal period, compared to ultrasound examination.The study involved 400 neonates born in the Banja Luka Region. A new questionnaire was open during the first regular ultrasound and clinical examination of the neonates’ hips and anamnestic and clinical data were recorded in it: the asymmetry of the gluteal, inguinal and femoral folds (Bade sign, the result of abduction testseparately for each hip, the Ortolani sign of luxation and the Palmen sign of reposition, then hip sonography. A Toshiba ultrasound machine with a 7.5 MHz linear probe was used. The method employed was Professor Reinhard Graf’s. Out of the total number of the children with a positive sonographic finding for DDH, 63.16% of them have one of the clinical signs of DDH. The ability of a clinical finding to identify those patients who do not have DDH and have a negative sonographic finding is 79.8%. Out of the total number of the examined children with a positive clinical finding, only 15.58% of them also have a positive sonographic finding for DDH. This research has showed that clinical examination of the hips is of low sensitivity, specificity and reliability, and that not all types of DDH can be detected. Clinical examination must remain an integral part of every infant’s examination, but it constitutes a complementary diagnostic procedure to ultrasound examination. The ultrasound examination of DDH has created new possibilities and has filled the void that existed due to the deficiency of clinical tests, and at the same time it has reduced the number of X-ray examinations of the hips. This research has

  5. Wilhelm Winkler (1842-1910) - a Thuringian private astronomer and maecenas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weise, Wilfried; Dorschner, Johann; Schielicke, Reinhardt E.

    and its equipment with a telescope and, thus, laid the base for the modern Urania Popular Observatory. Please note: The printed version contains an error: Unfortunately, Reinhard E. Schielicke was not indicated as co-author of this paper.

  6. PEGylated interferon beta-1a in the treatment of multiple sclerosis – an update

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reuss R

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Reinhard ReussDepartment of Neurology, BKH Bayreuth, Bayreuth, GermanyAbstract: Current standard immunomodulatory therapy with interferons (IFNs for relapsing–remitting multiple sclerosis (MS exhibits proven, but limited, efficacy and increased side effects due to the need of frequent application of the drug. Therefore, there is a need for more effective and tolerable drugs. Due to their small size, optimization of therapy with IFNs in MS by PEGylation is feasible. PEGylation of an IFN means that at least one molecule of polyethylene glycol (PEG is covalently added. This modification is a standard procedure to increase the stability, solubility, half-life, and efficacy of a drug, and is applied in several drugs and diseases. Currently, a therapy regimen applying PEG-IFN beta-1a in MS is being developed to achieve an optimized relationship between therapy-related side effects and pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic efficacy. Phase I studies demonstrated that subcutaneous PEG-IFN beta-1a at a dose of 125 µg every 2 or 4 weeks might be at least as efficient and safe as the current standard therapy with IFN beta-1a. A global Phase III clinical study is investigating the efficacy of PEG-IFN beta-1a in terms of reduction of the relapse rate in relapsing–remitting MS patients. The latest primary safety and efficacy analysis after 1 year has revealed a favorable risk–benefit profile with no significant difference between dosing regimens. Compared to placebo, the annualized relapse rate was reduced by about one-third and new or newly enlarging T2 brain lesions were reduced by about one-third when dosing every 4 weeks or by two-thirds when dosing every 2 weeks. This presents a significant effect of the dosing interval, favoring administration every 2 weeks. Chronic administration of PEGylated proteins mostly at toxic concentrations causes vacuolation of renal epithelium in animals, which – along with the issue of occurrence of anti-PEG antibodies

  7. Momentum distribution of nucleons at the second minimum of the fission path

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mesa, J.; Arruda-Neto, J. D. T.; Rodrigues, T. E; Garcia, C. E.; Rodriguez, O.; Guzman, F.; Garcia, F.

    2007-01-01

    The momentum distribution (MD) of nucleons in a nucleus is an important issue ( for analyzing single-particle aspects of nuclear structure, for a review see [1]). One of the still open problems is the influence of global nuclear deformation on MD. There already exist some studies on that subject, see, e.g. [2,3] and references therein. Nonetheless, the present knowledge about deformation effects in MD is still rather poor, especially in heavy deformed nuclei. At the same time, these effects can be essential for a correct treatment of knock-out reactions, such as (e; e'p), in rare earth and actinide regions and for investigation of deep hole states in deformed nuclei (see, e.g., [4,5]). In our work we analyze momentum distributions of neutrons in odd plutonium isotopes at second minimum deformations in the framework of the phenomenological deformed Woods-Saxon potential. The shell correction and macroscopic part of the potential energy have been calculated via the Macroscopic-Microscopic formalism [6], considering as main deformation parameters ε (elongation) and α4 (hexadecapolar momentum) in Pashkevich's nuclear shape parametrization [6,7]. The parameters for the nuclear potential in the equilibrium deformations as well as in the second minimum were taken from a previous work [7]. References [1] A. N. Antonov, P. E. Hodgson and I. Zh. Petkov Nucleon Correlations in Nuclei (Berlin: Springer) 1993 [2] E. Moya de Guerra, J. A.Caballero and P. Sarriguren, Nucl. Phys. A 477 445 (1988). [3] V. O. Nesterenko, V. P. Likhachev, P.-G. Reinhard, V. V. Pashkevich, W. Kleinig, J. Mesa, Phys. Rev. C 70, 057304 (2004) [4]V. P. Likhachev, J. Mesa, J. D. T. Arruda-Neto, et al., Phys. Rev. C 65 044611 (2002). [5] V. P. Likhachev, J. Mesa, J. D. T. Arruda-Neto, et al., Nucl. Phys. A 713, 24 (2003). [6] F. Garcia, O. Rodriguez, J. Mesa, et al., Comput. Phys. Commun. 120 , 57 (1999). [7] F. Garcia, E. Garrote, M.-L. Yoneama, J. D. T. Arruda-Neto, J. Mesa, et al., Eur. Phys. J. A 6

  8. CONFERENCE: Quark Matter '95

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1995-01-01

    High energy heavy ion collisions have become one of the major growth areas of modern physics. Providing common ground between particle and nuclear physics, it has produced a wave of new interest and a series of major projects to provide beams of higher energies and increasing nuclear complexity. Reflecting this interest, and despite record rainstorms, over 450 enthusiastic high energy heavy ion followers met in Monterey, California, at the 11th International Conference on Ultra-relativistic Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions. Named Quark Matter '95, the meeting was characterized by its own flood of new results from experiments studying collisions of gold nuclei at the Brookhaven Alternating Gradient Synchrotron (AGS) and with silicon beams at the CERN SPS synchrotron, as well as preliminary results from the first run with lead beams at CERN late last year (December 1994, page 15). A striking aspect of the Conference was the growth in attendance and, in particular, the large number of young physicists who attended the meeting, underlining the vitality and appeal of this important field. The new preliminary data from CERN experiments NA44, NA49, NA52, WA97, and WA98, made available with remarkable speed following the initial lead beam run in November and December 1994, represent a significant step in the study of heavy ion collisions. Physicists have finally come close to conditions where it is possible to consider event-by-event analysis of these very complex final states. The importance of this emerging approach to relativistic heavy ion collisions was emphasized by Reinhard Stock (Frankfurt) and other speakers in a pre-conference workshop devoted to physics with the collider detectors at big new projects now in the pipeline - RHIC at Brookhaven and LHC at CERN. The study of collisions of heavy nuclei at relativistic energies is dominated by the search for the Quark-Gluon Plasma, the 'soup' of free quarks and gluons expected to have played an important role

  9. The K Dwarf Advantage for Biosignatures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arney, Giada; Domagal-Goldman, Shawn David; Meadows, Victoria

    2018-01-01

    Biosignature detection is typically studied in the context of an atmosphere in chemical disequilibrium. Oxygen (O2) and methane (CH4) are generally considered the “canonical” biosignature disequilibrium pair. However, the modern CH4 concentration poses a major detection challenge to future direct imaging telescopes, and it has been difficult for Earth to accumulate spectrally detectable quantities of O2 and CH4 over its history (Olson et al 2016, Reinhard et al 2017). Even the lower atmospheric levels of O2 typical of the Earth’s Proterozoic eon (0.01-1% of the modern O2 amount) may have resulted in a reduced photochemical lifetime of CH4 due to decreased UV shielding of CH4 (Claire et al 2006, Goldblatt et al 2006). However, while the above is true for an Earthlike planet orbiting a sunlike star, the situation changes for other stars. For instance, Segura et al (2005) found longer photochemical lifetimes for CH4 in the atmospheres of Earthlike planets orbiting M dwarfs. M dwarfs, however, present several barriers to planetary habitability including desiccation during the stellar super-luminous pre-main sequence phase (Lugar and Barnes 2015) and tidal locking. K dwarfs, which comprise about 12% of all main sequence stars, avoid these M dwarf hazards, and will be important targets for future exoplanet direct imaging missions. Using a photochemical model, we find CH4 and O2 are simultaneously detectable in the atmospheres of K dwarf planets with various O2 concentrations ranging between Proterozoic levels and modern O2 amounts. For instance, for a planet with an Earth-like CH4 surface flux (1 x 1011 molecules/cm2/s) and a Proterozoic-like O2 level (1% of modern), the planet generates a CH4 surface mixing ratio of 1x10-5 for a planet orbiting the sun, and 1.5x10-4 – an order of magnitude more CH4 – for a planet orbiting a K6V star. This is enough to produce detectable CH4 and O2 for the planet orbiting the K6V star. We discuss the implications of this

  10. Rattraper le nouvel Occident : « L’initiative d’excellence » allemande, les études régionales et la re-production des inégalités Alemania : Excelencia alemana y Areas de Estudios o como traer al eurocentrismo por la puerta de atrás. Catching Up with the (New West: German “Excellence Initiative,” Area Studies and the Re-Production of Inequality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuela Boatcă

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available AbstractIn the wake of the recent university reforms, the new academic division of labor in Germany has subserviently followed the U.S.-model of creating a rift between research and teaching universities by establishing on the one hand so-called “elite universities” that benefit from considerable state funding and on the other hand trying to reduce the rest to pedagogical carbon copies of standard curricula that can only award bachelor‘s or at most master‘s degrees and where the teaching load allows (almost no research.The so-called “excellence initiative”, an evaluation process taking place between 2006 and 2007, in the course of which 9 universities  - among which the Free University of Berlin, the University of Munich, and the University of Heidelberg - were designated as “elite universities”, represents Germany‘s hitherto clearest and most highly institutionalized example of a state policy aimed at confining research to specialized institutions, such as was already the case with the Max Planck institutes, the Leibniz institutes and the Fraunhofer societies founded in the 1970s and 1980s. However, while earlier steps in this direction only created a wider array of employment options for researchers, the argument of this paper is that the excellence initiative represents what has been called a process of “indirect commercialization” (Reinhard Kreckel or an instance of “academic capitalism” (Slaughter/Leslie of/in the Western European university system, which traditionally relied on state financing and state control of university finances. To this end, the paper proceeds in two steps: First, following Reinhard Kreckel‘s argument that neoliberal globalization exerts new economic and fiscal pressures on the state that are then passed on to the higher education systems depending on them, the paper looks at how the new elite discourse of German higher education is producing new structures of exclusion instead of the

  11. Isolated thoracic perfusion with chemofiltration for progressive malignant pleural mesothelioma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aigner KR

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Karl Reinhard Aigner, Emir Selak, Sabine Gailhofer Department of Surgical Oncology, Medias Klinikum, Burghausen, Germany Introduction: Therapy of malignant pleural mesothelioma and especially the adequate role of surgery in this context remain the subject of controversial discussions. Radical surgery in particular, which is associated with substantial morbidity, failed to translate into a definite survival advantage. We report on interim results of an ongoing Phase II study of regional chemotherapy in terms of isolated thoracic perfusion with chemofiltration (ITP-F.Patients and methods: Twenty-eight patients (25 male, 3 female, mean age 63.4 years with advanced pleural mesothelioma were included in this study. Isolation of the chest was achieved by insertion of a venous and arterial stop-flow balloon catheter via a femoral access. The aorta and inferior vena cava were blocked at the level of the diaphragm and the upper arms were blocked by pneumatic cuffs. Chemotherapy, consisting of 60 mg/m² cisplatin and 15 mg/m² mitoxantrone, was administered directly into the aorta. The isolated circuit was maintained for 15 minutes followed by ~45 minutes of chemofiltration with a hemoprocessor until 5 L of filtrate were reached. The endpoints of the study were overall survival and quality of life (QoL.Results: Out of 28 patients enrolled in the study, 5 had prior surgeries, 10 patients had systemic chemotherapy, and 5 patients additional irradiation. In all patients in restaging, clinical progress was noted. In all, 162 cycles were administered. Due to chemofiltration, toxicity was within tolerable limits, revealing World Health Organization grade I leucopenia and thrombocytopenia in 9 patients and mucositis grade I in 6 patients. The major surgical complication was inguinal lymphatic fistula in 40% of the cases. Gastrointestinal toxicity and/or neurotoxicity were never observed. One-year survival was 49%, 2-year and 3-year survival was 31%, and 5

  12. The Fantasy Men

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Douglas J. Osler

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The remarkable success of the Anglo-American legal system in establishing stable, democratic societies throughout the globe contrasts with the catastrophic failure, over the centuries, of the legal systems of continental Europe. Nevertheless, nationalistic sentiment in South Africa and Scotland reacted to increasing Common Law influence with a paradoxical idealisation of the Civil Law system. The various discourses of europäische Rechtsgeschichte behind the ideology are set in their historical and cultural contexts. The nationalistic discourse of Savigny, which reduced the whole of European legal history to a translatio studii of Roman law from Italy to France to Holland to German apotheosis, gave way in the wake of two world wars and the Holocaust to the new discourse of the ius commune, a legal paradigm for a future European Union based not on the historical reality of three centuries of religious, political and juridical conflict, but on a fantasy world of European legal unity from the beginning of the modern period until the 19th century national codifications. This was the post-war narrative of Helmut Coing, which, failing to anticipate the eclipse of the British Empire, steadfastly contrasted the shared legal tradition of continental Europe with the opposing system of the Anglo-American Common Law.With England now in the European Union the discourse has had to be modified. By exaggerating the importance of some minor and longrecognised continental influences on the Common Law, the contemporary discourse of the ius commune europaeum propagated by Reinhard Zimmermann succeeds in trumping the historical fantasy of a uniform continental legal past with the even more remote fantasy of a uniform continental and English legal culture. The old nationalist programme of a return to the 17th–18th century Roman-Dutch law, imbibed by Zimmermann as a law professor in Apartheid South Africa, can thus be presented as an appeal to the pan-European legal

  13. Aqueducts and geoglyphs : the response of Ancient Nasca to water shortages in the desert of Atacama (Peru)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masini, Nicola; Lasaponara, Rosa

    2016-04-01

    origin of Nasca religious belief based on the worship of the mountain gods, in charge of the rain, and, therefore, related to the worship of water and fertility, including rituals which took place inside and outside Cahuachi pyramids (Orefici 2012; Masini et al. 2008; 2009) and over the famous geoglyphs (Orefici 2009; Reinhard 1988) Therefore, the response of Nasca to make liveable the desert was twofold, aimed at addressing the problem in its causes (climate), by religion, ritual and ceremonial activities, and in its effects, through the construction of aqueducts. The paper deals with the results from 3-year scientific and interdisciplinary investigations conducted by ITACA Mission (Masini et al. 2012) in Peru of CNR-IBAM and IMAA, in the Rio Nasca drainage basin. The main purpose of the investigations was the study of lost and functioning aqueducts using active and passive satellite data along with spatial analysis and geophysics (Cigna et al. 2013: Tapete et al. 2013). In particular, multitemporal analyses of satellite data were carried out in order to identify the different moisture content from upper to lower valley and the seasonal changes from one to another year. Geoelectrical prospecting along with geological investigations enabled us to characterize the table water and to study the hydrogeology of the investigated area. Finally, GIS and spatial analyses provided new information on the relationship between the puquios , settlement patterns and geoglyphs. References Cigna F., Tapete D., Lasaponara R., Masini N. 2013. Amplitude change detection with ENVISAT ASAR to image the cultural landscape of the Nasca region, Peru Archaeological Prospection, 20, 117-131, doi: 10.1002/arp.1451 Lasaponara R., Masini N. 2012a. Following the Ancient Nasca Puquios from Space, In: Lasaponara R., Masini N. (Eds) 2012, Satellite Remote Sensing: a new tool for Archaeology, Springer, Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, ISBN 978-90-481-8800-0, pp. 269-290, doi: 10

  14. Energy from waste. Vol. 2; Energie aus Abfall. Bd. 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thome-Kozmiensky, K.J.; Beckmann, M.

    2007-07-01

    In the book under consideration, the thermal treatment in waste incinerators, in industrial power stations and in coal-fired power stations is in the foreground. Possibilities of gasification are described. The chapter 'Developments of thermal waste treatment' consists of the following chapter: (a) Maximal size of waste incineration plants (Johannes J.E. Martin); (b) Trends and highlights of the thermal waste treatment in Europe (Martin Brunner); (c) Utilization of waste heat from Vienna waste incinerators for the operation of a district cooling grid - Effects on the primary energy efficiency of district heating and district cooling in Vienna (Franz Schindelar, Alexander Wallisch); (d) Evolutionary plant development based on experiences (Hans-Peter Buechner); (e) Effects of increased chlorine freights at the cocombustion of secondary fuels at the site of the brown coal fired power station Jaenschwalde (Frank Mielke, Andreas Sparmann, Sven Kappa); (f) Refuse-fueled power stations and waste incinerators - different plant technology? (Hendrik Seeger); (g) Generation of fuel gas from high calorific wastes (Udo Hellwig, Michael Beyer); (h) Strength testing of steam vessels with increased testing pressure (Wolfgang Rossmaier). The chapter 'Energy efficiency of waste incinerators' consists the following contributions: (a) Evaluation of energy efficiency in plants of thermal waste treatment; (b) Scientific-technical and juridical rationality - a contradiction? Comments to the judgement o the VGH Baden-Wuerttemberg according to waste incineration (Bodo A. Baars and Adolf Nottrodt); (c) Determination of the energy efficiency in plants of thermal waste incineration - To the difficulties of equivalent values and calculation of the calorific value (Michael Beckmann, Reinhard Scholz). The chapter 'Optimization of the plant technology' contains the following contributions: (a) Stay a while - Considerations according to the first tank of thermal waste

  15. BOLETÍN EPIDEMIOLÓGICO DE LA COMUNIDAD DE MADRID: ENCUESTA SOBRE SU DIFUSIÓN y PERCEPCIÓN ENTRE LOS MÉDICOS DE ATENCIÓN PRIMARIA EN EL AÑO 2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Fernández Rodríguez

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Fun da men to:. El ob jetivo es co nocer la di fu sión y per cep - ción del Bo le tín Epi de mio ló gi co de la Co mu ni dad de Ma drid (BECAM en tre los mé di cos de aten ción pri ma ria, con el fin de adap tar la pu bli ca ción al in te rés de sus lec to res. Método: Encues ta te le fó ni ca en tre los mé dicos de pri ma ria de la Co mu ni dad de Ma drid, pre gun tan do por la fre cuen cia de lec tu ra, in te rés y uti li dad de la in for ma ción con te ni da El ta ma - ño mues tral se es ti mó en 346 mé di cos. Se rea li zó un mues treo bie tá pi co por con glo me ra dos en la pri me ra eta pa, con se lec ción alea to ria de 125 cen tros de sa lud y 2,7 mé di cos por cen tro, sien do el 17% coor di na do res de equi po. Se com pa ran los re sul - ta dos en tre mé di cos y coor di na do res me dian te Chi-cua drado y test exac to de Fis her, con Epi-Info v.6. Re sul ta dos: Se rea li zó un to tal de 305 en tre vis tas: 245 mé - di cos y 60 coor di na do res. Sa bían de la exis ten cia del BECAM el 91,5% (IC 95%: 88,1-94,8, y el 27,2% (IC 95%: 21,9-32,5 co no cía más del 50% de los nú me ros edi tados du ran te el año. El 92,4% (IC 95%: 89,4-95,8 lo con si de ra ba in teresante o muy in te re san te, pun tuan do con una me dia de 3,5 so bre 5 su uti li - dad. De las sec ciones fi jas, la me jor va lo ra da es Bro tes Epi dé - mi cos, y de los in for mes, los re lacionados con en fer me dad me - nin go có cia, tu ber cu lo sis y VIH/Sida. Conclusiones: El BECAM es una pu bli ca ción que, aun que no es co nocida am plia men te en tre los mé di cos de pri maria de nues tra Co mu ni dad, cuan do se lee es bien va lo ra da; sien do así un ins tru men to útil de re troa li men ta ción en la Red de Vi gi lan - cia Epi de mio ló gi ca.

  16. PREFACE: International Conference on Inverse Problems 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hon, Yiu-Chung; Ling, Leevan

    2011-03-01

    Sciences, South KoreaYu Jiang, Hokkaido University, JapanDe-Xing Kong, Zhejiang University, ChinaOlga Krivorotko, Novosibirsk State University, RussiaPhilipp Küegler, Austrian Academy of Sciences, AustriaKiwoon Kwon, Dongguk University, South KoreaChun-Kong Law, National Sun Yat-sen University, TaiwanJune-Yub Lee, Ewha Womans University, South KoreaMing Li, City University of Hong Kong, HKSARMikyoung Lim, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), South KoreaJijun Liu, Southeast University, ChinaXiaodong Liu, Chinese Academy of Sciences, ChinaFuming Ma, Jilin University, ChinaHang Ma, Shanghai University, ChinaValdemar Melicher, Ghent University, BelgiumGen Nakamura, Hokkaido University, JapanLong Tuan Nguyen, Ruhr-Universitat Bochum, GermanyEtibar Panakhov, Firat University, TurkeyRobert Plato, University of Siegen, GermanyJean-Pierre Puel, The University of Tokyo, JapanHans-Jürgen Reinhardt, University of Siegen, GermanyMaxim Shishlenin, Sobolev Institute of Mathematics, RussiaIlya Silvestrov, Institute of Petroleum Geology and Geophysics SB RAS, RussiaMourad Sini, Austrian Academy of Sciences, AustriaJán Sládek, Slovak Academy of Sciences, SlovakiaZhijun Tan, Sun Yat-sen University, ChinaQuan-Fang Wang, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, HKSARWenyan Wang, The University of Tokyo, JapanPihua Wen, Queen Mary, University of London, UKZhihai Xiang, Tsinghua University, ChinaXiang-Tuan Xiong, Northwest Normal University, ChinaDinghua Xu, Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, ChinaYongzhi Steve Xu, University of Louisville, USAJiaqing Yang, Chinese Academy of Sciences, ChinaJian Zhang, Sichuan Normal University, ChinaYing Zhang, Fudan University, ChinaTing Zhou, University of Washington, USAJianxin Zhu, Zhejiang University, China Advisory BoardH Thomas Banks, North Carolina State University, USATony F Chan, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, HKSARHeinz W Engl, Johannes Kepler Universitát Linz, AustriaRainer Kress, Georg-August-Universitát G

  17. An Analysis of 2.3 Million Participations in the Continuing Medical Education Program of a General Medical Journal: Suitability, User Characteristics, and Evaluation by Readers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christ, Hildegard; Franklin, Jeremy; Griebenow, Reinhard; Baethge, Christopher

    2017-04-03

    the CME articles as intelligible to a wider medical audience and filling clinically relevant knowledge gaps; 78.57% (1,838,358/2,339,781) of the sample gave the CME articles very good or good marks. Cluster analysis revealed three groups, one comprised of only women, with two-thirds working in private practice. The CME article series of Deutsches Ärzteblatt is used on a regular basis by a considerable proportion of all physicians in Germany; its multidisciplinary articles are suitable to a broad spectrum of medical specialties. The program seems to be particularly attractive for physicians in private practice and those who want to participate from their homes and on weekends. Although many physicians emphasize that the articles address gaps in knowledge, it remains to be investigated how this impacts professional performance and patient outcomes. ©Hildegard Christ, Jeremy Franklin, Reinhard Griebenow, Christopher Baethge. Originally published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research (http://www.jmir.org), 03.04.2017.

  18. 2012 geothermal energy congress. Proceedings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2012-01-01

    ); (15) GEOGRUND*: Transfer of the TCS process into the borehole (David Sauer); (16) 'Heat-in-place-density' - An example for the evaluation of the geothermal potential in Saarland (Hagen Deckert); (17) Experiences of the acidity stimulation of geothermal aquifers and plants (Markus Wolfgramm); (18) Geothermal Atlas for the depiction of possible utilization competitions between CCS and deep geothermy - Methodology and results (E. Suchi); (19) Development of a cooling system for geothermal bore hole probes (Benedict Holbein); (20) Geothermal energy in the context of international radiation protection recommendations (Sebastian Feige); (21) Innovative treatment of groundwater as a condition of an efficient air conditioning in buildings by utilization of near-surface geothermal energy (C. Meyer); (22) Preparation of planning maps for the utilization of near-surface geothermal energy with geo-physical methods (Reinhard Kirsch); (23) Deep geothermal probe Heubach - Progress of the project and facility planning by using an application example (David Kuntz); (24) Realistic numeric models for the simulation of potential geothermal reservoirs in the north-west German basin (Dorothea Reyer); (25) Monobore tracer test sensitivity compared with crack parameters and rock parameter: Lection Horstberg (Iulia Ghergut); (26) Infrastructure of fault zones in red sandstone of the Upper Rhine basin - Digestion analogue studies (Johanna F. Bauer); (27) Characterization of fault zones in shell limestone of the Upper Rhine basin - Digestion analogue studies (Silke Meier).

  19. Safety, tolerability, and efficacy of a fixed-dose combination of olmesartan 40 mg and hydrochlorothiazide 12.5/25 mg in daily practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bramlage P

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Peter Bramlage,1 Claudia Zemmrich,1 Reinhard Ketelhut,2 Wolf-Peter Wolf,3 Eva-Maria Fronk,4 Roland E Schmieder5 1Institut für Pharmakologie und Präventive Medizin, Mahlow, Germany; 2Institut für Sportmedizin, Universitätsklinikum Charité, Humboldt Universität zu Berlin, Berlin, Germany; 3Daiichi Sankyo Deutschland GmbH, Munich, Germany; 4Daiichi Sankyo Europe GmbH, Munich, Germany; 5Universitätsklinikum Erlangen, Klinik für Nephrologie und Hypertensiologie, Erlangen, Germany Background: The safety and efficacy of olmesartan 40 mg and hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ as a fixed-dose combination has been investigated in clinical trials leading to its approval. The aims of the present study were to confirm these data in an unselected patient population in daily practice and to determine the impact of physical activity on blood pressure control. Methods: In a multicenter, noninterventional study, 3,333 patients with either insufficient blood pressure control on olmesartan 40 mg alone or on a fixed/free combination of olmesartan 40 mg and HCTZ 12.5/25 mg were primarily assessed for safety and tolerability of the fixed-dose combination of olmesartan 40 mg and HCTZ 12.5/25 mg at 24 ± 2 weeks. Secondary objectives were blood pressure reduction, treatment compliance, and impact of physical activity as measured by the sum of weekly energy costs. Results: The mean patient age was 63.2 ± 11.46 years, mean baseline blood pressure was 159.6 ± 15.28/93.5 ± 9.52 mmHg, and 70.9% had at least one additional cardiovascular risk factor. Adverse drug reactions were rare (n = 19, and no serious adverse drug reactions occurred. Compliance with drug therapy was at least sufficient in more than 99% of patients at the end of the study. Blood pressure at the last available visit was reduced by 26.1 ± 15.5/13.0 ± 10.1 mmHg versus baseline (P < 0.0001, but had reduced effectiveness in patients ≥75 years with diabetes or impaired renal function. In 69% of patients

  20. PREFACE: XXIX International Conference on Photonic, Electronic, and Atomic Collisions (ICPEAC2015)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Díaz, C.; Rabadán, I.; García, G.; Méndez, L.; Martín, F.

    2015-09-01

    popularization initiative was held in parallel to the conference, consisting of a poster exhibition for the general public and an International Science Camp for children. Furthermore, before the conference, four distinguished scientists: Prof. Thomas F. Gallager, Prof. Jan Michael Rost, Prof. Joseph H. Macek, and Prof. Reinhard Dörner presented tutorial lectures. During the conference, the 2015 IUPAP Young Scientist Prize was awarded to Dr. Gretchen K. Campbell from the University of Maryland. The Sheldon Datz Prize for an Outstanding Young Scientist Attending ICPEAC was awarded to Dr. Jayanta K. Saha from the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science. The Local Organizing Committee would like to express its gratitude to the Fundación Española para la Ciencia y la Tecnología (FECYT), the International Union for Pure and Applied Physics (IUPAP), all the conference sponsors for financial support, and, with particular emphasis, to the group of volunteers from UAM and CSIC for their hard and excellent work. Finally, the Local Organizing Committee would like to thank all participants and authors of the proceedings for their support and contributions to the conference.

  1. Visions of Discovery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiao, Raymond Y.; Cohen, Marvin L.; Leggett, Anthony J.; Phillips, William D.; Harper, Charles L., Jr.

    2010-10-01

    List of contributors; Foreword Charles H. Townes; Editors' preface; Preface Freeman J. Dyson; Laureates' preface: reflections from four physics Nobelists Roy J. Glauber, John L. Hall, Theodore W. Hänsch and Wolfgang Ketterle; Acknowledgments; Part I. Illumination: The History and Future of Physical Science and Technology: 1. A short history of light in the Western world John L. Heilbron; 2. Tools and innovation Peter L. Galison; 3. The future of science Freeman J. Dyson; 4. The end of everything: will AI replace humans? Will everything die when the universe freezes over? Michio Kaku; Part II. Fundamental Physics and Quantum Mechanics: 5. Fundamental constants Frank Wilczek; 6. New insights on time symmetry in quantum mechanics Yakir Aharonov and Jeffrey Tollaksen; 7. The major unknowns in particle physics and cosmology David J. Gross; 8. The major unknown in quantum mechanics: Is it the whole truth? Anthony J. Leggett; 9. Precision cosmology and the landscape Raphael Bousso; 10. Hairy black holes, phase transitions, and AdS/CFT Steven S. Gubser; Part III. Astrophysics and Astronomy: 11. The microwave background: a cosmic time machine Adrian T. Lee; 12. Dark matter and dark energy Marc Kamionkowski; 13. New directions and intersections for observational cosmology: the case of dark energy Saul Perlmutter; 14. Inward bound: high-resolution astronomy and the quest for black holes and extrasolar planets Reinhard Genzel; 15. Searching for signatures of life beyond the solar system: astrophysical interferometry and the 150 km Exo-Earth Imager Antoine Labeyrie; 16. New directions for gravitational wave physics via 'Millikan oil drops' Raymond Y. Chiao; 17. An 'ultrasonic' image of the embryonic universe: CMB polarization tests of the inflationary paradigm Brian G. Keating; Part IV. New Approaches in Technology and Science: 18. Visualizing complexity: development of 4D microscopy and diffraction for imaging in space and time Ahmed H. Zewail; 19. Is life based on laws of

  2. Prevalence and possible causes of anemia in the elderly: a cross-sectional analysis of a large European university hospital cohort

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bach V

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Veronika Bach,1 Guenter Schruckmayer,1 Ines Sam,1 Georg Kemmler,2 Reinhard Stauder11Department of Internal Medicine V (Hematology and Oncology, 2Department of Biological Psychiatry, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, AustriaBackground: Anemia in later life is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and possible causes of anemia in the elderly in a well defined hospital cohort.Methods: Participants in this cross-sectional, retrospective analysis included all inpatients and outpatients aged ≥64 years with complete blood counts treated at Innsbruck Medical University Hospital between October 1, 2004 and September 29, 2005 (n=19,758, median age 73 years.Results: According to World Health Organization criteria, 21.1% of these patients were anemic, ie, 30.7% and 37.0% at 80+ years and 90+ years, respectively. The prevalence of anemia was significantly correlated with advanced age (r=0.21; P<0.001 and male sex (P<0.001. In anemic patients, renal insufficiency with a glomerular filtration rate <30 mL/min/1.73 m2 (11.3% versus 2.1%, hyperinflammation (62.1% versus 31.4%, absolute (14.4% versus 6.9% or functional (28.2% versus 11.8% iron deficiency, and folate deficiency (6.7% versus 3.0% were observed significantly more often than in nonanemic subjects (P<0.001. The pathogenesis of anemia was multifactorial, with decreased renal function (glomerular filtration rate <60 mL/min/1.73 m2, signs of inflammation, and functional iron deficiency detected in 11.4% of anemic patients. Hemoglobin was significantly correlated with elevated C-reactive protein (r=–0.296; P<0.001 and low transferrin saturation (r=0.313; P<0.001. Mean corpuscular volume correlated only weakly with the various anemia subtypes. Cytopenias and morphologic alterations suggestive of underlying myelodysplastic syndromes were found in a substantial proportion of anemic patients, including thrombocytopenia (5

  3. Greetings from the Editor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Hosein Ebrahimzadeh

    2014-09-01

    , Prof. Pietro Ruggieri from Rissuli Insitiu, Bleona, Italy, Prof. Javad Parvizi from Rothman Institute at Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Prof. Mudgal from Harvard University, Boston, MA, and Prof Reinhard Graf from Allgemeines und Orthopädisches LKH Stolzalpe, Austria and Prfo. Hadi Makhmalbaf from Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran (1-6. Iranian literature in orthopedics goes back to the time of Razi (Rhazes, who was the first to design guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of the osteoarticular tuberculosis, diagnosis and managemet of fractures and dislocations (7. We, as Iranian Orthopedic Community, have a long way to run to reach to the level of becoming a global reference in medicine over the 21st century. Finally I wish this journal could build a network of clinical orthopedic scientists, biomedical orthopedic scientists, and orthopedic societies to join and share their ideas, evidences, techniques and results for a better care of orthopedic patients around the world. This collaboration will melt the ice that may have surrounded the human community, to understand more about each others and to help as much as possible. Stated by Prof. Jesse Jupiter in his Editoral for inauguration of ABJS “I am very confident that this Journal will permit others to have a window into the advances being made by Iranian Orthopedic surgeons as well as providing a platform for others to contribute their own knowledge and ideas. In a small way, this Journal will serve to continue efforts to expand our global Orthopedic Surgical community and serve to stimulate our political leaders to do likewise.”(1.

  4. Information transfer through quantum channels

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kretschmann, D.

    2007-01-01

    This PhD thesis represents work done between Aug. 2003 and Dec. 2006 in Reinhard F. Werner's quantum information theory group at Technische Universitaet Braunschweig, and Artur Ekert's Centre for Quantum Computation at the University of Cambridge. My thesis falls into the field of abstract quantum information theory. This work investigates both fundamental properties of quantum channels and their asymptotic capacities for classical as well as quantum information transfer. Stinespring's theorem is the basic structure theorem for quantum channels. It implies that every quantum channel can be represented as a unitary evolution on an enlarged system. In Ch. 3 we present a continuity theorem for Stinespring's representation: two quantum channels are similar if and only if it is possible to find unitary implementations that are likewise similar, with dimension-independent norm bounds. The continuity theorem allows to derive a formulation of the information-disturbance tradeoff in terms of quantum channels, and a continuity estimate for the no-broadcasting principle. In Ch. 4 we then apply the continuity theorem to give a strengthened no-go proof for quantum bit commitment, an important cryptographic primitive. This result also provides a natural characterization of those protocols that fall outside the standard setting of unconditional security, and thus may allow secure bit commitment. We present a new such protocol whose security relies on decoherence in the receiver's lab. Ch. 5 reviews the capacities of quantum channels for the transfer of both classical and quantum information, and investigates several variations in the notion of channel capacity. Memory effects are then investigated in detail in Ch. 6. We advertise a model which is sufficiently general to encompass all causal automata: every quantum process in which the outputs up to any given time t do not depend on the inputs at times t'>t can be represented as a concatenated memory channel. We then explain how

  5. Information transfer through quantum channels

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kretschmann, D.

    2007-03-12

    This PhD thesis represents work done between Aug. 2003 and Dec. 2006 in Reinhard F. Werner's quantum information theory group at Technische Universitaet Braunschweig, and Artur Ekert's Centre for Quantum Computation at the University of Cambridge. My thesis falls into the field of abstract quantum information theory. This work investigates both fundamental properties of quantum channels and their asymptotic capacities for classical as well as quantum information transfer. Stinespring's theorem is the basic structure theorem for quantum channels. It implies that every quantum channel can be represented as a unitary evolution on an enlarged system. In Ch. 3 we present a continuity theorem for Stinespring's representation: two quantum channels are similar if and only if it is possible to find unitary implementations that are likewise similar, with dimension-independent norm bounds. The continuity theorem allows to derive a formulation of the information-disturbance tradeoff in terms of quantum channels, and a continuity estimate for the no-broadcasting principle. In Ch. 4 we then apply the continuity theorem to give a strengthened no-go proof for quantum bit commitment, an important cryptographic primitive. This result also provides a natural characterization of those protocols that fall outside the standard setting of unconditional security, and thus may allow secure bit commitment. We present a new such protocol whose security relies on decoherence in the receiver's lab. Ch. 5 reviews the capacities of quantum channels for the transfer of both classical and quantum information, and investigates several variations in the notion of channel capacity. Memory effects are then investigated in detail in Ch. 6. We advertise a model which is sufficiently general to encompass all causal automata: every quantum process in which the outputs up to any given time t do not depend on the inputs at times t'>t can be represented as a concatenated memory

  6. Kodu käsitlused Jaan Kaplinski luules / The Concept of Home in Jaan Kaplinski’s Poetry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ene-Reet Soovik

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The article focuses on the evolution of the concept of home in the poetry of Jaan Kaplinski, one of the internationally most acclaimed Estonian poets. The discussion draws on the understanding of the notion of home emerging in the classic works of the phenomenologically inclined human geographers Edward Relph and Yi-Fu Tuan, as well as the influential French philosopher Gaston Bachelard. Kaplinski’s early poetry features lonely wanderers who have been cast into the world; their being on the road is eternal with no points of security or attachment. Such poetry tends to be a poetry of homelessness that accepts the lack of the feeling of being at home. If the concept of home does appear, it is an abstract rather than a denoted space that can be experienced with the senses in an unmediated way.* This is connected with the human condition – being cast into the world in a state of existentialist alienation, the acknowledgement of which is the only way of creating a certain sense of belonging and fellow feeling with other people. It is difficult to differentiate between the feelings of being at home or in non-home in Kaplinski’s early poetry, which thus often features what might be termed as existentialist homes. For Bachelard, a home provides one with a sense of security, which the phenomenologist sees as being connected with one’s childhood home. When homes related to particular buildings appear in Kaplinski’s verse, these do not guarantee such security. They are perishable, crumbling houses that may disappear, particularly in a fire like that which consumed the centre of Tartu, the poet’s childhood home town, during WWII. Yet the texts that feature such an understanding of home become more dependent on bodily memory, on an actual reliving of space. The home that is retrospectively connected with the past may replace the more abstract existentialist home, but is no source of security, serving as an ephemeral home. However, Kaplinski

  7. KEMANDIRIAN MASYARAKAT DALAM PERILAKU PENCEGAHAN PENULARAN PENYAKIT TB PARU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Niniek Lely Pratiwi

    2013-03-01

    group of new religious NGOs, Asiyah, churches, Muhammadiyah. Recommendation:Required an increase in participatory community of various other NGOs, in an integrated cross-sector to perform the preventive, promotive control of pulmonary TB disease by promoting the re-socialization of the glass roof house design, conduct prevention. Key words: Community on People Self Care, TB OOTS, Pro active Ca se Finding ABSTRAK Penanggulangan tuberculosis, khususnya TB paru di lndonesia telah dimulai sejak tahun 1969, namun jumlah penderita TB paru semakin meningkat. Penelitian kualitatif etnografis ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji upaya kemandirian masyarakat dalam upaya pencegahan penularan penyakit TB paru. Cara pengumpulan data observasi partisipatori, wawancara mendalam dengan informan penderita TB paru dan keluarga. Lokasi penelitian di Kota Pariaman, kabupaten Lombok Barat dan Kabupaten Rote Ndao NTT. Hasil analisis dari 4 indikator kemandirian masyarakat dari sisi knowledge masih rendah mengingat bahwa sebagian besar informan menganggap penyakit TB paru sebagai penyakit keturunan, dan tidak menular. Penyakit Hossa sebutan masyarakat di kabupaten Rote Ndao. Persepsi illness masyarakat di kota Pariaman, penyakit TB paru sebagai penyakit karena "temeken", akibat diguna-guna orang lain yang tidak senang. Di kota Lombok Barat stigma takut, malu sebagai penderita TB, sehingga masih banyak persepsi illness masyarakat yang menyebutnya sebagai penyakit batuk lama, batuk kering 40 hari, dan penyakit asma. Kepercayaan/trust masyarakat masih tergantung pada petugas kesehatan, belum ada kader yg memberikan penyuluhan langsung tentang pencegahan penularan. Kemampuan/ capacity masyarakat masih sangat kurang, masyarakat masih lebih percaya pada petugas kesehatan dalam memberikan penyuluhan. Pemilihan sebagai tenaga PMO (Pengawas makan obat kurang sesuai dengan struktur sosial yang ada di masyarakat. Kabupaten Lobar dengan struktur sosial masyarakat sasak maka tuan guru, Kyai dapat sebagai social

  8. Investigating inquiry beliefs and nature of science (NOS) conceptions of science teachers as revealed through online learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atar, Hakan Yavuz

    Creating a scientifically literate society appears to be the major goal of recent science education reform efforts (Abd-El-Khalick, Boujaoude, Dushl, Lederman, Hofstein, Niaz, Tregust, & Tuan, 2004). Recent national reports in the U.S, such as Shaping the Future, New Expectations for Undergraduate Education in Science, Mathematics, Engineering, and Technology (NSF,1996), Inquiry in Science and In Classroom, Inquiry and the National Science Education Standards (NRC, 2001), Pursuing excellence: Comparison of international eight-grade mathematics and science achievement from a U.S. perspective (NCES, 2001), and Standards for Science Teacher Preparation (NSTA 2003) appear to agree on one thing: the vision of creating a scientifically literate society. It appears from science education literature that the two important components of being a scientifically literate individual are developing an understanding of nature of science and ability to conduct scientific inquiries. Unfortunately, even though teaching science through inquiry has been recommended in national reports since the 1950's, it has yet to find its way into many science classrooms (Blanchard, 2006; Yerrick, 2000). Science education literature identfies several factors for this including: (1) lack of content knowledge (Anderson, 2002; Lee, Hart Cuevas, & Enders, 2004; Loucks-Horsely, Hewson, Love, & Stiles, 1998; Moscovici, 1999; Smith & Naele, 1989; Smith, 1989); (2) high stake tests (Aydeniz, 2006); (3) teachers' conflicting beliefs with inquiry-based science education reform (Blanchard, 2006; Wallace & Kang, 2004); and, (4) lack of collaboration and forums for communication (Anderson, 2002; Davis, 2003; Loucks-Horsely, Hewson, Love, & Stiles, 1998; Wallace & Kang, 2004). In addition to the factors stated above this study suggest that some of the issues and problems that have impeded inquiry instruction to become the primary approach to teaching science in many science classrooms might be related to

  9. EDITORIAL: Sensitive structures: refractive indices in nanotechnology Sensitive structures: refractive indices in nanotechnology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demming, Anna

    2012-12-01

    came so close to uncovering the law of refraction [12], once termed his professional efforts 'the restless search for and interpretation of causes, the spiritual anguish for grace' [13]. The outcry will resonate with anyone who has applied themselves in the endeavours of scientific research or indeed any other discipline as a scholar, athlete, artist or otherwise. But while there may be frustrations along the way, the achievements in the end make the effort worthwhile. The work in this issue is just one example of what the 'restless search' in scientific research can achieve in sensing technology using nanoscale systems. References [1] Maeda E, Yaerim L, Kobayashi Y, Taino A, Koizumi M, Fujikawa S and Delauney J-J 2012 Sensitivity to refractive index of high aspect-ratio nano-fins with optical vortex Nanotechnology 23 505502 [2] Smith A M 1982 Ptolemy's search for a law of refraction: a case-study in the classical methodology of 'saving the appearances' and its limitations Arch. Hist. Exact Sci. 26 221-40 [3] Rashed R 1990 A pioneer in anaclastics: Ibn Sahl on burning mirrors and lenses ISIS 81 464-91 [4] Kwan A, Dudley J and Lantz E 2002 Who really discovered Snell's law? Phys. World 15 64 [5] Snellius W 1621 unpublished [6]Descartes R 1637 Dioptrique [7] Aliev A E, Gartstein Y N and Baughman R H 2011 Mirage effect from thermally modulated transparent carbon nanotube sheets Nanotechnology 22 435704 [8] Homola J, Yee S S and Gunter G 1999 Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review Sensors Actuators B 54 3-15 [9] Mayer K M, Hao F, Lee S, Nordlander P and Hafner J H 2010 A single molecule immunoassay by localized surface plasmon resonance Nanotechnology 21 255503 [10] Biris C G and Panoiu N C 2011 Excitation of dark plasmonic cavity modes via nonlinearly induced dipoles: applications to near-infrared plasmonic sensing Nanotechnology 22 235502 [11] Boriskina S V and Reinhard B M 2011 Adaptive on-chip control of nano-optical fields with optoplasmonic vortex nanogates Opt

  10. 12th WINFOCUS world congress on ultrasound in emergency and critical care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Acar, Yahya; Tezel, Onur; Salman, Necati; Cevik, Erdem; Algaba-Montes, Margarita; Oviedo-García, Alberto; Patricio-Bordomás, Mayra; Mahmoud, Mustafa Z; Sulieman, Abdelmoneim; Ali, Abbas; Mustafa, Alrayah; Abdelrahman, Ihab; Bahar, Mustafa; Ali, Osama; Lester Kirchner, H; Prosen, Gregor; Anzic, Ajda; Leeson, Paul; Bahreini, Maryam; Rasooli, Fatemeh; Hosseinnejad, Houman; Blecher, Gabriel; Meek, Robert; Egerton-Warburton, Diana; Ćuti, Edina Ćatić; Belina, Stanko; Vančina, Tihomir; Kovačević, Idriz; Rustemović, Nadan; Chang, Ikwan; Lee, Jin Hee; Kwak, Young Ho; Kim, Do Kyun; Cheng, Chi-Yung; Pan, Hsiu-Yung; Kung, Chia-Te; Ćurčić, Ela; Pritišanac, Ena; Planinc, Ivo; Medić, Marijana Grgić; Radonić, Radovan; Fasina, Abiola; Dean, Anthony J; Panebianco, Nova L; Henwood, Patricia S; Fochi, Oliviero; Favarato, Moreno; Bonanomi, Ezio; Tomić, Ivan; Ha, Youngrock; Toh, Hongchuen; Harmon, Elizabeth; Chan, Wilma; Baston, Cameron; Morrison, Gail; Shofer, Frances; Hua, Angela; Kim, Sharon; Tsung, James; Gunaydin, Isa; Kekec, Zeynep; Ay, Mehmet Oguzhan; Kim, Jinjoo; Kim, Jinhyun; Choi, Gyoosung; Shim, Dowon; Lee, Ji-Han; Ambrozic, Jana; Prokselj, Katja; Lucovnik, Miha; Simenc, Gabrijela Brzan; Mačiulienė, Asta; Maleckas, Almantas; Kriščiukaitis, Algimantas; Mačiulis, Vytautas; Macas, Andrius; Mohite, Sharad; Narancsik, Zoltan; Možina, Hugon; Nikolić, Sara; Hansel, Jan; Petrovčič, Rok; Mršić, Una; Orlob, Simon; Lerchbaumer, Markus; Schönegger, Niklas; Kaufmann, Reinhard; Pan, Chun-I; Wu, Chien-Hung; Pasquale, Sarah; Doniger, Stephanie J; Yellin, Sharon; Chiricolo, Gerardo; Potisek, Maja; Drnovšek, Borut; Leskovar, Boštjan; Robinson, Kristine; Kraft, Clara; Moser, Benjamin; Davis, Stephen; Layman, Shelley; Sayeed, Yusef; Minardi, Joseph; Pasic, Irmina Sefic; Dzananovic, Amra; Pasic, Anes; Zubovic, Sandra Vegar; Hauptman, Ana Godan; Brajkovic, Ana Vujaklija; Babel, Jaksa; Peklic, Marina; Radonic, Vedran; Bielen, Luka; Ming, Peh Wee; Yezid, Nur Hafiza; Mohammed, Fatahul Laham; Huda, Zainal Abidin; Ismail, Wan Nasarudin Wan; Isa, W Yus Haniff W; Fauzi, Hashairi; Seeva, Praveena; Mazlan, Mohd Zulfakar

    2016-09-01

    Jinjoo Kim, Jinhyun Kim, Gyoosung Choi, Dowon ShimA27 Usefulness of abdominal ultrasound for acute pyelonephritis diagnosis after kidney transplantationJi-Han LeeA28 Lung ultrasound for assessing fluid tolerance in severe preeclampsiaJana Ambrozic, Katja Prokselj, Miha LucovnikA29 Optic nerve sheath ultrasound in severe preeclampsiaGabrijela Brzan Simenc, Jana Ambrozic, Miha LucovnikA30 Focused echocardiography monitoring in the postoperative period for non-cardiac patientsAsta Mačiulienė, Almantas Maleckas, Algimantas Kriščiukaitis, Vytautas Mačiulis, Andrius MacasA31 POCUS-guided paediatric upper limb fracture reduction: algorithm, tricks, and tipsSharad MohiteA32 Point-of-care lung ultrasound: a good diagnostic tool for pneumonia in a septic patientZoltan Narancsik, Hugon MožinaA33 A case of undergraduate POCUS (r)evolutionSara Nikolić, Jan Hansel, Rok Petrovčič, Una Mršić, Gregor ProsenA34 The Graz Summer School for ultrasound: from first contact to bedside application: three-and-a-half-day undergraduate ultrasound training: résumé after two years of continuous developmentSimon Orlob, Markus Lerchbaumer, Niklas Schönegger, Reinhard KaufmannA35 Usefulness of point-of-care ultrasound in the emergency room in a patient with acute abdominal painAlberto Oviedo-García, Margarita Algaba-Montes, Mayra Patricio-BordomásA36 Use of bedside ultrasound in a critically ill patient. A case reportAlberto Oviedo-García, Margarita Algaba-Montes, Mayra Patricio-BordomásA37 Diagnostic yield of clinical echocardiography for the emergency physicianAlberto Oviedo-García, Margarita Algaba-Montes, Mayra Patricio-BordomásA38 Focused cardiac ultrasound in early diagnosis of type A aortic dissection with atypical presentationChun-I Pan, Hsiu-Yung Pan, Chien-Hung WuA39 Detection of imperforated hymen by point-of-care ultrasoundHsiu-yung Pan, Chia-Te KungA40 Developing a point-of-care ultrasound curriculum for pediatric nurse practitioners practicing in the pediatric emergency

  11. SINFONI Opens with Upbeat Chords

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-08-01

    the development of SINFONI for nearly 7 years. Some of the members of the Commissioning Teams are depicted in PR Photos 24g/04 and 24h/04; in addition to the SPIFFI team members present on the second photo, Walter Bornemann, Reinhard Genzel, Hans Gemperlein, Stefan Huber have also been working on the reintegration/commissioning in Paranal. Notes [1] This press release is issued in coordination between ESO, the Max-Planck-Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics (MPE) in Garching, Germany, and the Nederlandse Onderzoekschool Voor Astronomie in Leiden, The Netherlands. A German version is available at http://www.mpg.de/bilderBerichteDokumente/dokumentation/pressemitteilungen/2004/pressemitteilung20040824/index.html and a Dutch version at http://www.astronomy.nl/inhoud/pers/persberichten/30_08_04.html. [2] The SINFONI team consists of Roberto Abuter, Andrew Baker, Walter Bornemann, Ric Davies, Frank Eisenhauer (SPIFFI Principal Investigator), Hans Gemperlein, Reinhard Genzel (MPE Director), Andrea Gilbert, Armin Goldbrunner, Matthew Horrobin, Stefan Huber, Christof Iserlohe, Matthew Lehnert, Werner Lieb, Dieter Lutz, Nicole Nesvadba, Claudia Röhrle, Jürgen Schreiber, Linda Tacconi, Matthias Tecza, Niranjan Thatte, Harald Weisz (Max-Planck-Institut für Extraterrestrische Physik, Garching, Germany), Anthony Brown, Paul van der Werf (NOVA, Leiden, The Netherlands), Eddy Elswijk, Johan Pragt, Jan Kragt, Gabby Kroes, Ton Schoenmaker, Rik ter Horst (ASTRON, Dwingeloo, The Netherlands), Henri Bonnet (SINFONI Project Manager), Roberto Castillo, Ralf Conzelmann, Romuald Damster, Bernard Delabre, Christophe Dupuy, Robert Donaldson, Christophe Dumas, Enrico Fedrigo, Gert Finger, Gordon Gillet, Norbert Hubin (Head of Adaptive Optics Dept.), Andreas Kaufer, Franz Koch, Johann Kolb, Andrea Modigliani, Guy Monnet (Head of Telescope Systems Division), Chris Lidman, Jochen Liske, Jean Louis Lizon, Markus Kissler-Patig (SINFONI Instrument Scientist), Jerome Paufique, Juha Reunanen

  12. 6th International Symposium on Molecular Allergology (ISMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christiane Hilger

    2016-10-01

    Mills, Adrian Rogers, Aage Otherhals P65 Fish and peanut allergens interact with plasma membranes of intestinal and bronchial epithelial cells and induce differential gene expression of cytokines and chemokines Tanja Kalic, Isabella Ellinger, Chiara Palladino, Barbara Gepp, Eva Waltl, Verena Niederberger-Leppin, Heimo Breiteneder P66 Interleukin 4 affects fat tissue metabolism and expression of pro-inflammatory factors in isolated rat adipocytes Dawid Szczepankiewicz, Ewa Pruszynska-Oszmalek, Marek Skrzypski, Krzysztof W. Nowak, Aleksandra Szczepankiewicz P67 Ozone induced airway hyperreactivity in PD-L2−/− mice model Gwang-Cheon Jang P68 Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP and its receptor as targets for the development of anti-inflammatory inhibitory agents Iva Markovic, Andreas Borowski, Tina Vetter, Andreas Wohlmann, Michael Kuepper, Karlheinz Friedrich P69 The mononuclear phagocyte system in experimentally-induced allergic rhinitis Ibon Eguiluz Gracia, Anthony Bosco, Ralph Dollner, Guro Reinholt Melum, Anya C Jones, Maria Lexberg, Patrick G Holt, Espen Sønderaal Bækkevold, Frode Lars Jahnsen P70 Expression of histamine metabolizing enzymes is increased in allergic children Aleksandra Szczepankiewicz, Paulina Sobkowiak, Marta Rachel, Beata Narozna, Dorota Jenerowicz, Witold Swiatowy, Anna Breborowicz P71 Modifying the glycosylation of human IgE towards oligomannosidic structures does not affect its biological activity Melanie Plum, Sara Wolf, Frank Bantleon, Henning Seismann, Frederic Jabs, Michaela Miehe, Thilo Jakob, Edzard Spillner P72 Flying Labs: an educational initiative to transfer allergy research into high-school settings Michael Wallner, Heidi Hofer, Fatima Ferreira, Reinhard Nestelbacher P73 Clinical significance of antihistamines and Kujin, an anti-allergic Kampo medicine Hiroyuki Fukui