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Sample records for trombofilia recife pernambuco

  1. Ship hull fouling in the port of Recife, Pernambuco

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    Cristiane Maria Rocha Farrapeira

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Ports of big coastal cities are exposed to exotic species as a consequence of shipping traffic. As the Port of Recife receives an annual average of 491 ships from other regions of Brazil and from all over the world, this work was aimed at knowing which marine animals were passively transported on such vessels hulls, in order to map and monitor new bioinvasions in the area. Thus, 32 vessels of several origins were investigated between November 2005 and March 2006, samples were taken and the macrofauna identified. Sixty species of associated animals were identified, consisting of 28 sessile species, particularly the Cirripedia Balanomorpha and Lepadomorpha as dominants, 8 sedentary animals, namely Mytillidae and Dreissenidae and 23 free-living species, particularly, Caprellidae, Gammaridae, Tanaidacea, Turbellaria, Nemertea and Polychaeta. The first occurrence of Conchoderma virgatum was recorded with exact location for the Brazilian littoral, and Conchoderma auritum, Amphibalanus subalbidus and Haliplanella lineata were recorded for the first time at the littoral of Pernambuco State. The invasion pathway was confirmed for Amphibalanus reticulatus and Mytilopsis leucophaeta, invader species of the estuarine area of Recife's city. Megabalanus coccopoma was considered as a risk invader species for the region.Regiões portuárias das grandes cidades litorâneas estão sujeitas à recepção de espécies exóticas como conseqüência da movimentação dos navios. Como o Porto do Recife recebe uma média anual de 491 atracações de navios, provenientes de várias regiões do Brasil e do mundo, objetivou-se conhecer quais animais marinhos eram transportados passivamente nos cascos das embarcações para mapear e monitorar novas invasões biológicas na área. Assim, foram investigados 32 barcos de diversas origens, nos meses de novembro de 2005 a março de 2006, tendo a macrofauna sido amostrada e identificada. Foram encontradas 60 espécies de animais

  2. An anthropometric survey using digital photogrammetry: a case study in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barros, Bruno; Soares, Marcelo

    2012-01-01

    This study was carried out in a partnership with the Federal University of Pernambuco and the Faculty of Human Motricity of the Technical University in Lisbon (Portugal). The aim of the study was the measurement of human body segments throughout the digital photogramety, comparing and analysing data into Recife sample and to validate the Digital System as anthropometric survey tool. The result of the analysis has introduced: Data from the sample; Data by age; Data by Sex; Data by ethnicity; Data by region of birth; Difference of data from population individually. Besides to prove the true efficiency of the software.

  3. Evaluation of radiodiagnostic equipment in the city of Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Passos, Robson S.; Khoury, Helen J.; Antonino, Paulo D.; Hazin, Clovis A.

    1996-01-01

    The preliminary results of a survey aiming to determine the working conditions of X-ray units operating in hospitals and clinics in the city of Recife, Pernambuco (Brazil) are presented. The results show the discrepancy between the light field and X-ray field - from 1 to 2% in 78% of the equipment tested. The results also show that there is only a fair accuracy regarding to kilo voltage and irradiation time. The discrepancy between the pre-set time and the actual irradiation time was higher than 10% in 84.6% of the cases

  4. Survey of canine heartworm in the city of Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Leucio Câmara Alves

    1999-09-01

    Full Text Available Six hundred and eleven random-source dogs (338 male, 273 female one year of age or older, from six sections of the city of Recife, Pernambuco, were examined antemortem for circulating microfilariae Dirofilaria immitis and Dipetalonema reconditum adult heartworm (D. immitis antigen, and examined postmortem for adult heartworms. The prevalence of heartworm infection was 2.3% (14/611, as determined by necropsy for adult worms, and 1% (6/611 had circulating microfilariae of D. immitis; thus, 57.1% of the heartworm-infected dogs had occult infections. The results of serological testing indicated that 1.3% (8/611 of the dogs were positive for adult heartworm antigen. A total of 42 (6.9% of the dogs had microfilariae of D. reconditum; 40 of these had only D. reconditum and two additional dogs had microfilariae of both species, D. immitis and D. reconditum.

  5. [Evaluability of the Health Gym Program in Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Rafaela Niels da; Guarda, Flávio Renato Barros da; Hallal, Pedro Curi; Martelli, Petrônio José de Lima

    2017-05-18

    Implementation of the Health Gym Program is one of the key strategies in the Brazilian National Health Promotion Policy, but thus far no evaluability studies have been performed on this intervention in Recife, Pernambuco State, one of the first cities in the country to implement this intervention. This study aimed to measure the evaluability of the Health Gym Program in the city of Recife, based on the description of the intervention and the elaboration of its log frame model and theoretical models for evaluation, in addition to identifying evaluative questions. A qualitative approach was used, based on a seven-element system, by document research, interviews, and discussion with the program's managers and staff, as well as the condensation of meanings technique for analysis of the documents and interviews. The analysis showed that the program has a wide range of objectives, principles, and guidelines, and that part of the management ignores such elements. After modeling the program, the study showed the methodological and operational feasibility for the development of an evaluative survey that was discussed and negotiated with managers and workers.

  6. Prevalence and factors associated with intimate partner violence among women in Recife/Pernambuco, Brazil.

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    de Barros, Érika Neves; Silva, Maria Arleide; Falbo Neto, Gilliatt Hanois; Lucena, Sara Gomes; Ponzo, Lucas; Pimentel, Amanda Patrícia

    2016-02-01

    Intimate partner violence is an important cause of morbidity and mortality among women. Although there are no official statistics, data reveal a high prevalence worldwide. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and factors associated with intimate partner violence among women in a community in Recife, Pernambuco. A cross-sectional cohort study was conducted with 245 women in the 15 to 49-year age bracket. A questionnaire with sociodemographic variables was used, together with the WHO Violence Against Women (VAW) study tools and the Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20). The participants all signed an informed consent form. The prevalence of intimate partner violence was classified by type of violence: emotional - 52.7%; physical - 46.1 %; and sexual - 13.6%. Bivariate analysis revealed an association between experiencing violence with not having a partner (p = 0.001) and drug use (p ≤ 0.001). In multivariate analysis, the variables were strongly associated with the outcome: sexual intercourse for fear (OR 5.58); depressive-anxious mood (OR 2.69); drug use (OR 2.57). A high prevalence of intimate partner violence in the community, especially emotional violence, emerges as an important finding, indicating the need for care in prevention and the overall health of this population.

  7. The psychosocial effects of severe caries in 4-year-old children in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Sandra Feitosa

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to analyze the psychosocial effects of severe caries in 4-year-old children in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil. The clinical examination was conducted by a single examiner in order to select children with severe caries and caries-free (kappa = 1. Of the 861 children examined, 77 (8.1% had severe caries and 225 (23.6% were caries-free. Data were collected by applying validated questionnaires answered by the parents or guardians. Most of the parents or guardians of children with severe caries reported that their children complained of toothache (72.7%, and a significant portion stated that their children had problems eating certain kinds of food (49.4% and missed school (26.0% because of their teeth. Most of the parents or guardians of children with severe caries (68.8% stated that oral health affects their children's life, while the same was stated by 9.8% of the parents or guardians of the caries-free children. Severe caries was found to have a negative impact on children's oral health-related quality of life.

  8. Sorotipos de Salmonella isolados de processos entéricos humanos em Recife-Pernambuco, durante o triênio 1978-1980 Salmonella serotypes isolated from enteric human cases in Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil, during 1978-1980

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    Nilma Cintra Leal

    1987-03-01

    Full Text Available De 13.196 coproculturas realizadas durante o triênio 1978-1980 em Recife, Pernambuco, foram isoladas 1.720 salmonelas, das quais 1.387 foram caracterizadas sorologicamente. O estudo global possibilitou o reconhecimento de 63 sorotipos concentrados em primeiro plano no grupo sorológico B (73,18% e identificando-se como tipos mais incidentes: S. typhimurium, S. saint-paul, S. poona, S. derby, S. agona, S. newport, S. oranienburg, S. infantis, S. tshiongwe e S. ndolo, que representaram 1.231 amostras ou 88,75% do total de isolamentos. Algumas considerações de ordem epidemiológica e bacteriológica são discutidas em relação aos quatros sorotipos mais freqüentes.From 13,196 faecal cultures made in Recife-Pernambuco during the period form 1978 to 1980, 1,720 strains of Salmonella were isolated. Serological typing on 1,387 of the isolates recognized 63 serotypes, 73,18% of which belonged to group B. The prevalent serotypes adding up to 1,231 strains (88,75% of the total of the isolats were: S. typhimurium, S. saint-paul, S. poona, S. derby, S. agona, S. newport, S. oraniengurg, S. infantis, S. tshiongwe and S. ndolo. Some epidemiological and bacteriological aspects are discussed regarding the four commonest serotypes.

  9. Quality assurance program on the individual monitory service of the Protection Radiology Laboratory of the Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, PE (Brazil): preliminary results

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Antonino, Paulo H.D.; Filho, Joao A.; Silveira, Sueldo V.

    1996-01-01

    The current stage of the quality assurance program on the individual monitoring service of the Protection Radiology Laboratory of the Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, PE (Brazil) is presented. The program emphasizes the personnel training and its development is focused to meet national and international standards requirements

  10. Anos potenciais de vida perdidos por mulheres vítimas de homicídio na cidade do Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil Years of potential life lost by female homicide victims in Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil

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    Leonildo Severino da Silva

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Estudo epidemiológico, transversal, objetivando calcular os anos potenciais de vida perdidos por mulheres vítimas de homicídio na cidade do Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil, no quinquênio 2003-2007. Utilizou-se de um banco de dados da Gerência Operacional de Informação de Mortalidade e Natalidade da Secretaria de Saúde do Recife, e foram revisadas todas as declarações de óbitos das vítimas de homicídio, com idade fértil no quinquênio analisado. Os resultados revelaram que houve 12.120 anos potenciais de vida perdidos, no período, por mulheres jovens, negras (88%, de escolaridade desconhecida (78,2%, solteiras (80%, mortas na Região Político-administrativa III, que foram assassinadas com uso de arma de fogo, no próprio domicílio. A taxa de mortalidade específica, no período, correspondeu a 10,8 por 100 mil mulheres em idade fértil. Os 43,3 anos de vida perdidos por cada vítima refletem, entre outros aspectos, as características do município, relativas ao nível de pobreza, desemprego, densidade populacional, instabilidade residencial, desigualdade social, que expõem seus habitantes a crises sociais, crimes e violência.This cross-sectional epidemiological study aimed to calculate the potential years of life lost by female homicide victims in Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil, in 2003-2007. A database was used from the Operational Division for Information on Births and Deaths under the Recife Municipal Health Department. All death certificates for childbearing-age women were reviewed for the five-year period. The results showed a total of 12,120 potential years of life lost by these women, mostly young, black (88%, with unknown levels of schooling (78.2%, single (80%, in District III of the city, and murdered with firearms in their own homes. The specific mortality rate was 10.8 homicides per 100,000 childbearing-age women. The 43.3 years of life lost per woman express the city's characteristics, poverty levels, unemployment

  11. Monitoramento da contaminação por elementos traço em ostras comercializadas em Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil Monitoring of trace elements in oysters marketed in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil

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    André Dias Cavalcanti

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available Amostras de ostras comercializadas em Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil, foram monitoradas em relação ao conteúdo de elementos traço (Hg, Zn, Fe, Cu e Mn durante o período de um ano (março/2001 a fevereiro/2002. Mercúrio foi o principal contaminante encontrado nas ostras e o elemento que apresenta maior risco à saúde pública. Foram encontrados valores de concentração de Hg em ostras de até 551,12µg/kg (peso úmido. Esses valores sugerem que a ingestão de ostras deve ser feita com restrições, principalmente, pela população que vive de sua coleta como forma de subsistência, por crianças, e mulheres grávidas. A avaliação dos níveis de mercúrio em frutos do mar é um importante fator para avaliar o risco de contaminação por mercúrio em pessoas não ocupacionalmente expostas.Samples of oysters marketed in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil, were monitored for the concentration of trace elements (Hg, Zn, Fe, Cu, and Mn for one year (from March 2001 to February 2002. Mercury was the principal contaminant found in oysters and the element posing the greatest public health risk. Mercury levels in oysters reached 551.12µg/kg (wet weight. These values suggest that oyster consumption should be restricted, especially among communities that gather them as a subsistence activity, as well as by children and pregnant women. Evaluation of mercury concentration in seafood is an important factor for assessing the risk of contamination among individuals who are not occupationally exposed.

  12. Fatores associados à cárie dentária em pré-escolares do Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil Factors associated with dental caries in preschoolers in Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil

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    Marcia Maria Dantas Cabral de Melo

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Para investigar fatores associados à cárie dentária na dentição decídua, realizou-se estudo de caso-controle aninhado a inquérito de prevalência em 1.690 pré-escolares de 18-36 meses e cinco anos de idade, assistidos pela Estratégia Saúde da Família no Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil, em 2006. Os casos foram crianças com ceo-d > 1 e os controles, com ceo-d = 0. As variáveis independentes foram analisadas em blocos sociodemográfico e ambiental, estrutura familiar, cuidados com a saúde bucal e uso de serviços. Estimou-se OR brutas e IC95%. Variáveis associadas ao desfecho com p To investigate factors associated with dental caries in deciduous dentition, a nested case-control study was conducted in a prevalence survey of preschool children (n = 1,690 aged 18 to 36 months and 5 years of age, treated under the Family Health Program in Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil, in 2006. Cases were children with dmft > 1 and controls with dmft = 0. The independent variables were analyzed in blocks: demographic, environmental, family structure, health care, and dental services use. OR and 95%CI were estimated. Variables associated with the outcome at p < 0.20 in the univariate analysis were included in a multivariate logistic regression model. The cutoff for remaining in the final model was p < 0.10. Larger households (more members, lack of running supply, time of residence, maternal (or caregiver's schooling, attendance in public preschool, demand for dental services, and sugar intake patterns were associated factors. Variables related to social context were the main predictors of caries, thus highlighting the need for comprehensive measures to address other common childhood health problems.

  13. Mulheres vítimas de homicídio em Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil, 2009/2010: um estudo descritivo Mujeres víctimas de homicidios en Recife, estado de Pernambuco, Brasil, 2009/2010: un estudio descriptivo Female homicide victims in Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil, 2009-2010: a descriptive study

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    Gilliatt Hanois Falbo Neto

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo investigou o perfil epidemiológico de mulheres vítimas de homicídio em Recife, Pernambuco, Nordeste do Brasil. Realizou-se um estudo observacional, descritivo e prospectivo, incluindo todas as mulheres em idade de 10-49 anos, vítimas de homicídio e residentes em Recife, no período de março de 2009 a fevereiro de 2010. O instrumento utilizado foi um questionário que pesquisou as características socioeconômicas, demográficas, biológicas e de risco. Entrevistaram-se os familiares das vítimas e coletaram-se dados da Declaração de Óbito. Identificaram-se 60 homicídios no período do estudo. A maioria das vítimas era adulta, parda, com baixa escolaridade e baixa renda; 39,7% eram tabagistas; o uso de álcool e de drogas ilícitas correspondeu a 48,3% e 24,1%, respectivamente; e 29,3% sofreram violência física e/ou sexual nos 12 meses anteriores ao homicídio. As armas de fogo foram utilizadas em 69% dos casos.Este estudio investigó el perfil epidemiológico de mujeres víctimas de homicidio en Recife, Pernambuco, nordeste de Brasil. Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y prospectivo que incluyó a todas las mujeres de 10-49 años, víctimas de homicidios y residentes en Recife, desde marzo de 2009 hasta febrero de 2010. El instrumento utilizado fue un cuestionario de investigación de los factores socioeconómicos, demográficos, biológicos y de riesgo. Se entrevistó a los familiares de las víctimas y se recopiló datos sobre los certificados de defunción. Sesenta homicidios fueron identificados durante el período de estudio. La mayoría de las víctimas eran adultas, mulatas, un con bajo nivel de educación y con bajos ingresos, 39,7% eran fumadores, el consumo de alcohol y drogas ilícitas eran de un 48,3% y un 24,1%, respectivamente, además un 29,3% había experimentado violencia física y/o sexual en los 12 meses anteriores al homicidio. Las armas de fuego se utilizaron en 69,0% de los casos

  14. Características dos primeiros casos de microcefalia possivelmente relacionados ao vírus Zika notificados na Região Metropolitana de Recife, Pernambuco

    OpenAIRE

    Vargas, Alexander; Saad, Eduardo; Dimech, George Santiago; Santos, Roselene Hans; Sivini, Maria Auxiliadora Vieira Caldas; Albuquerque, Luciana Carolina; Lima, Patricia Michelly Santos; Barreto, Idalacy de Carvalho; Andrade, Michelly Evangelista de; Estima, Nathalie Mendes; Carvalho, Patrícia Ismael de; Azevedo, Rayane Souza de Andrade; Vasconcelos, Rita de Cássia de Oliveira; Assunção, Romildo Siqueira; Frutuoso, Lívia Carla Vinhal

    2016-01-01

    Resumo OBJETIVO: descrever os primeiros casos de microcefalia possivelmente relacionados ao vírus Zika em nascidos vivos notificados na Região Metropolitana do Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil. MÉTODOS: estudo descritivo de tipo série de casos (notificados de 1º de agosto a 31 de outubro de 2015), com dados obtidos dos registros médicos e de questionário aplicado às mães. RESULTADOS: foram confirmados 40 casos com microcefalia, distribuídos em oito municípios da Região Metropolitana do Recife, c...

  15. Satisfação dos usuários assistidos nos Centros de Especialidades Odontológicas do Município do Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil Patient satisfaction at Specialized Dental Clinics in Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil

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    Ana Carolina Silva de Lima

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available O estudo objetivou avaliar a satisfação dos usuários assistidos nos Centros de Especialidades Odontológicas do Município do Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil. Realizou-se entrevista pessoal padronizada com 272 pacientes utilizando o Questionário de Avaliação da Qualidade dos Serviços de Saúde Bucal (QASSaB. Os resultados indicaram uma avaliação positiva para a maioria das dimensões no geral. A acessibilidade foi um ponto crítico destacado. Houve diferença significante de 5% na satisfação dos usuários, entre as unidades de serviço, para: relações humanas/cirurgião-dentista (p = 0,001; relações humanas/auxiliar (p = 0, 007; eficácia (p = 0,014; acessibilidade/tempo de espera (p = 0,018; ambiente físico/limpeza da recepção (p = 0,004; aceitabilidade (p = 0,029; efetividade/aparência dos dentes (p = 0,029 e efetividade/capacidade de mastigação (p This study evaluated patient satisfaction at four specialized dental clinics in Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil. Data were collected through a standardized self-applied individual questionnaire with 272 patients, to evaluate user satisfaction with public dental services. The findings indicated a positive evaluation on most dimensions, except for accessibility. Significant differences were observed between the services on the following dimensions: patient-dentist relationship (p = 0.001; patient-dental assistant relationship (p = 0.007; effectiveness (p = 0.014 accessibility/waiting time (p = 0.018; physical environment/reception room cleanness (p = 0.004; acceptability (p = 0.029; and effectiveness/tooth appearance (p = 0.029, effectiveness/chewing capacity (p < 0.001. In conclusion, most users were satisfied with the dental care, and satisfaction differed between services.

  16. The vocational training of occupational therapists and their role in the Family Health Support Center (NASF in Recife, Pernambuco State

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    Andréia Carolina Santos de Lima

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study is to identify the role and training of occupational therapists in the Support Center for Family Health (NASF in Recife, Pernambuco state. It is an exploratory research of quantitative approach performed with ten occupational therapists in 2011; data was obtained by self-administered questionnaires. According to the interviewees, the role of the occupational therapist is to offer holistic attention focused on functional performance, prevention of incapacities, rehabilitation, and social inclusion. Matrix support is the most common type of support provided by occupational therapists and Family Health teams to the monitored cases. The most commonly used places in these interventions are the homes of patients and the Family Health Center. The small effectiveness of public policies was mentioned as the greatest difficulty. In spite of the general character of the vocational training provided, it was considered insufficient for the NASF by 70% of the interviewees. The need for themes such as primary health care and health programs and policies was highlighted by those who wanted to be trained. We conclude that the role of the occupational therapist in the NASF is based on specific attributions in functional development and prevention of incapacities. The core of the profession, holistic health care, and social inclusion are considered attributions in common with those of primary health care workers. Vocational training as preparation for working in the NASF was considered insufficient by the interviewees, once it is a new area for professional acting and updating.

  17. Monitoramento da contaminação por elementos traço em ostras comercializadas em Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil

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    André Dias Cavalcanti

    Full Text Available Amostras de ostras comercializadas em Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil, foram monitoradas em relação ao conteúdo de elementos traço (Hg, Zn, Fe, Cu e Mn durante o período de um ano (março/2001 a fevereiro/2002. Mercúrio foi o principal contaminante encontrado nas ostras e o elemento que apresenta maior risco à saúde pública. Foram encontrados valores de concentração de Hg em ostras de até 551,12µg/kg (peso úmido. Esses valores sugerem que a ingestão de ostras deve ser feita com restrições, principalmente, pela população que vive de sua coleta como forma de subsistência, por crianças, e mulheres grávidas. A avaliação dos níveis de mercúrio em frutos do mar é um importante fator para avaliar o risco de contaminação por mercúrio em pessoas não ocupacionalmente expostas.

  18. Archaeometric studies in the Franciscan convent of Santo Antonio - Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Azevedo, Renata L.; Asfora, Viviane K.; Ribeiro, Guilherme B.; Ferreira, Joao Victor C.; Khoury, Helen J.; Sullasi, Henry S.L.; Rego, Nuno Jose S.; Mello, Jose Aylton C. de

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to characterize the tiles placed on the walls of the Franciscan convent of Santo Antonio (Recife-PE) and to obtain information about the several expansions and structural reforms performed on the convent by dating the bricks. For this purpose, a portable energy dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) was used to characterize the tiles. The dating of the bricks was performed using the Thermoluminescence (TL) technique. The results of the EDXRF analysis show that the dominant component of the white pigment is Lead [2PbCO 3 .Pb (OH) 2 ], used since the ancient times until the twentieth century, while the dominant element of the blue pigment is Cobalt (CoO.Al 2 O 3 ), that has been used from 1807 until nowadays. The TL dating of bricks indicate that there were walls with different periods of construction, being one built around 1765, with a deviation of 28 years, whereas other was built later, around 1874, with a deviation of 15 years. These results provide new data towards understanding how and when the Recife Franciscan Convent of Santo Antonio was designed and built, contributing to other research works presently underway on site. (author)

  19. Archaeometric studies in the Franciscan convent of Santo Antonio - Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Azevedo, Renata L.; Asfora, Viviane K.; Ribeiro, Guilherme B.; Ferreira, Joao Victor C.; Khoury, Helen J. [Department of Nuclear Energy, Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, PE (Brazil); Sullasi, Henry S.L. [Department of Archeology, Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, PE (Brazil); Rego, Nuno Jose S.; Mello, Jose Aylton C. de [Nucleo de Integracao Social e Pesquisa - NISPE, Recife, PE (Brazil)

    2011-07-01

    The purpose of this paper is to characterize the tiles placed on the walls of the Franciscan convent of Santo Antonio (Recife-PE) and to obtain information about the several expansions and structural reforms performed on the convent by dating the bricks. For this purpose, a portable energy dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) was used to characterize the tiles. The dating of the bricks was performed using the Thermoluminescence (TL) technique. The results of the EDXRF analysis show that the dominant component of the white pigment is Lead [2PbCO{sub 3}.Pb (OH){sub 2}], used since the ancient times until the twentieth century, while the dominant element of the blue pigment is Cobalt (CoO.Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}), that has been used from 1807 until nowadays. The TL dating of bricks indicate that there were walls with different periods of construction, being one built around 1765, with a deviation of 28 years, whereas other was built later, around 1874, with a deviation of 15 years. These results provide new data towards understanding how and when the Recife Franciscan Convent of Santo Antonio was designed and built, contributing to other research works presently underway on site. (author)

  20. Determination of Pb-210 and Ra-226 in sediments from Acude de Apipucos - Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Souza, Vivianne Lucia Bormann de; Melo, Roberto Teodozio de; Figueiredo, Marcela Durao Cesar de; Rodrigues, Kelia Rejane Goncalves; Cunha, Manuela Silva da; Silva, Danubia B. da; Pedroza, Eryka de H.; Oliveira, Aristides

    2011-01-01

    This study aims to determine the age of sediment layers in Apipucos Reservoir, located in Recife, Brazil. Dating with 210 Pb and 226 Ra concentrations found in these sediments was used. A core with length of 70 cm and internal diameter of 5 cm was used for sediment sampling and each obtained profile was sectioned. Lead and radium were extracted from these samples by adding acids. 210 Pb and 226 Ra were determined in a gas flow proportional detector, based on the activities of their daughters. It was found that the CRS model (Constant Rate of Supply) to calculate the ages of sediment was more appropriate than CIC (Constant Initial Concentration). The chronology showed that the first sediment layers were 30 years old. (author)

  1. Infant mortality surveillance in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil: operationalization, strengths and limitations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira, Conceição Maria de; Bonfim, Cristine Vieira do; Guimarães, Maria José Bezerra; Frias, Paulo Germano; Antonino, Verônica Cristina Sposito; Medeiros, Zulma Maria

    2017-01-01

    to report the experience on infant mortality surveillance (IMS) in the municipality of Recife-PE, Brazil. a documentary research and a query with key-informants who participated in the implementation and consolidation of the IMS were conducted; data of the Mortality Information System (SIM) and of the surveillance worksheets were used to measure the coverage of the investigated deaths. the implementation of the IMS has occurred gradually since 2003; the strategy is composed by (i) identification of deaths, (ii) investigation, (iii) discussion, (iv) recommendations and correction of vital statistics; upon completion of implementation (2006), 98.5% (256) of the deaths had been investigated and discussed, with the participation of those involved in the cases; in 2015, this coverage corresponded to 97.7%. the main recommendations consisted of expanding the access, coverage and improvement of primary, secondary and tertiary care quality; IMS is able to support changes in health care practices, as well as planning and organization of maternal and child care.

  2. [Trombofilia--current status].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sánchez Carpio, Carlos; Rodi, Eduardo; Piola, Pablo; Fernanda Piola, María

    2004-01-01

    The trombofilia states are a special tendency to vein thrombosis that are habitually presented in young people and often they are recurrent. Their more transcendent consequences are the Lung Tromboembolismo and the Syndrome Post-trombótico. Keeping in mind the pathologies of the clotting that can produce trombofilia states in young patients, the prevalence of these processes was evaluated in patient with post-trombotic severe syndrome. Department of Flebología and Linfología of the National Hospital of Clinical, Córdoba. During the period March of 2001 to March of 2002 they converged to the consultation flebológica 635 patients, of those which six of them, 3 men and 3 women smaller than 45 years, they presented severe dysfunctions of the compatible veined return with squares postromboticos. The age 39 year-old average (r: 29-45): These patients were studied by means of routine clinic, ecodoppler veined color and specific analysis of laboratory like the Resistance to the Protein activated C, Protein C, Protein S, Antibodies antifosfolipidos, Antitrombina III, Homocisteinemia. Anomalous values were obtained in the biological profile of the laboratory in 3 patients; the clinical correlation and of the laboratory it was the following one: positive for protein C and Protein S; Positive for antibodies antifosfolipidos: and positive for hiperhomocisteinemia. the necessary laboratory studies should be praised to discard thrombofilic states in patient smaller than 45 years that present a first thrombosis episode or any patient that has presented recurrent thrombosis. It is important to stand out that the early detection of these pathologies and the opportune derivation to the hematology, they allow to establish a preventive treatment and this way to avoid thrombotic episodes with their respective complications.

  3. Características dos primeiros casos de microcefalia possivelmente relacionados ao vírus Zika notificados na Região Metropolitana de Recife, Pernambuco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Vargas

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Resumo OBJETIVO: descrever os primeiros casos de microcefalia possivelmente relacionados ao vírus Zika em nascidos vivos notificados na Região Metropolitana do Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil. MÉTODOS: estudo descritivo de tipo série de casos (notificados de 1º de agosto a 31 de outubro de 2015, com dados obtidos dos registros médicos e de questionário aplicado às mães. RESULTADOS: foram confirmados 40 casos com microcefalia, distribuídos em oito municípios da Região Metropolitana do Recife, com maior concentração no Recife (n=12; a mediana do perímetro cefálico foi de 29 cm, do perímetro torácico, 31 cm, e do peso, 2.628 gramas; 21/25 casos apresentaram calcificação cerebral, ventriculomegalia ou lisencefalia; entre as 40 mães, 27 referiram exantema na gestação, 20 no primeiro trimestre e sete no segundo, além de prurido, cefaleia, mialgia e ausência de febre. CONCLUSÃO: a maioria dos casos apresentou características de infecção congênita; a maioria das mães apresentou quadro sugestivo de infecção pelo vírus Zika na gestação.

  4. Hipersensibilidade a fungos em crianças asmáticas de uma comunidade do Recife, Pernambuco Hypersensitivity to molds in asthmatic children from a community of Recife, Pernambuco

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    Ana Carla de Albuquerque Osório

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: identificar a sensibilização a testes cutâneos de hipersensibilidade imediata para fungos em crianças asmáticas, residentes em comunidade urbana de baixa renda. MÉTODOS: no período de março de 1997 a junho de 1998 foram avaliadas 13 crianças com mais de três episódios de dispnéia nos últimos 12 meses, selecionadas a partir de um estudo transversal, em que todos os 123 escolares de 6 a 10 anos residentes na comunidade responderam ao questionário International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood. Nas 13 crianças com asma em atividade, foram aplicados testes cutâneos de hipersensibilidade imediata para avaliar resposta a seis extratos fúngicos padronizados: Aspergillus mix, Penicillium mix, Hormodendrum cladosporidiodes, Alternaria tenius, Helminthosporium interseninatum e Mold mix. RESULTADOS: dentre as 13 crianças analisadas, 12 apresentaram sensibilididade a pelo menos um dos fungos testados (12/13, cujos extratos com maior frequência de positividade foram: Aspergillus mix (7/13, Penicillium mix (6/13 e Hormodendrum cladosporidiodes (5/13. CONCLUSÕES: a freqüência elevada de hipersensibilidade aos extratos de fungos nas crianças avaliadas sugere a necessidade de estudos analíticos observacionais para esclarecer uma possível associação causal entre fungos e asma.OBJECTIVES: to identify prick test hypersensitivity to molds in asthmatic school children in a low-income urban community. METHODS: thirteen children who had more than three asthma attacks in the last 12 months from March'1997 to June'1998 were evaluated. These children were selected from a previous cross-sectional survey studying 123 children from 6 to 10 years old residing at the low-income urban community of Campo do Banco-Várzea, Recife, Pernambuco. The 123 children were tested by the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood survey to determine asthma. The 13 asthmatic children selected were evaluated with the prick test

  5. Determination of the presence of molybdenum-99 in the technetium-99m solutions used at the nuclear medicine services of Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sena, Thiago G. de; Souza, Fernanda R. de L.; Lopes Filho, Ferdinand de J.; Vieira, Jose W.; Lima, Fernando R. de A.

    2009-01-01

    The main objective of this work is to calculate the percentage of 99 Mo in the eluates of the 99 mTc used at the nuclear medicine services localized at the Recife city, Pernambuco, Brazil. At the present moment three nuclear medicine services were evaluated verifying the 99 Mo in the eluates of 99 mTc, and in two services, the contamination were superior to the limits stipulated by the international organism adopted as reference in this work. The work follows in other nuclear medicine institutions evaluating and orienting the professionals on these quality control not only for the optimization of the patient dose, but also for the improvement of the image to be used for the diagnostic

  6. Evaluation of the influence of percent labeling of 99mTc-MIBI on nuclear medicine procedures in Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pereira, Jucilene Maria

    2003-08-01

    The aim of this work was to evaluate the influence of percent labeling of the radiopharmaceutical 99m Tc-MIBI on the procedures adopted by the nuclear medicine clinics in Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil, and their possible interference with image quality in myocardial perfusion examinations. This work was performed at two nuclear medicine services in Recife that use pharmaceuticals provided by two different manufacturers: Cardiolite, provided by Dupont and Cardiosyd, provided by SYDMA. The pH, percent labeling and stability of samples of 99m Tc-MIBI and the percent uptake in heart and liver of a number of patients were evaluated. The results showed that the pH values measured in all samples of both radiopharmaceuticals were within the limits recommended. In 48% of the Cardiolite samples, the percent labeling was less than 90%, which is the minimum recommended limit. On the other hand, 87,5% of the Cardiosyd samples measured values above 98%. Both radiopharmaceuticals had good labeling stability, even in samples with low percent labeling efficiencies. In spite of the higher percent labeling of Cardiosyd its heart uptake is similar to that observed with the Cardiolite, even when the percent labeling is lower than 90%. On the other hand, the image quality, according to physicians, evaluation was poorer for Cardiosyd images, due to high noise and poor sharpness. (author)

  7. Characteristics of the first cases of microcephaly possibly related to Zika virus reported in the Metropolitan Region of Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vargas, Alexander; Saad, Eduardo; Dimech, George Santiago; Santos, Roselene Hans; Sivini, Maria Auxiliadora Vieira Caldas; Albuquerque, Luciana Carolina; Lima, Patricia Michelly Santos; Barreto, Idalacy de Carvalho; Andrade, Michelly Evangelista de; Estima, Nathalie Mendes; Carvalho, Patrícia Ismael de; Azevedo, Rayane Souza de Andrade; Vasconcelos, Rita de Cássia de Oliveira; Assunção, Romildo Siqueira; Frutuoso, Lívia Carla Vinhal; Carmo, Greice Madeleine Ikeda do; Souza, Priscila Bochi de; Wada, Marcelo Yoshito; Oliveira, Wanderson Kleber de; Henriques, Cláudio Maierovitch Pessanha; Percio, Jadher

    2016-01-01

    to describe the first cases of microcephaly possibly related to Zika virus in live born babies reported in the Metropolitan Region of Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil. this was a descriptive case series study (cases reported between August 1st and October 31st 2015), using medical record data and data from a questionnaire answered by the mothers of the babies. 40 microcephaly cases were confirmed, distributed in eight municipalities within the Metropolitan Region, with Recife itself having the highest concentration of cases (n=12); median head circumference was 29 cm, median chest girth was 31 cm and median weight was 2,628 grams; 21/25 cases had brain calcification, ventriculomegaly or lissencephaly; 27 of the 40 mothers reported rash during pregnancy, 20 in the first trimester and 7 in the second trimester, as well as itching, headache, myalgia and absence of fever. the majority of the cases bore the characteristics of congenital infection; the clinical condition of the majority of mothers suggested Zika virus infection during pregnancy.

  8. Phenotypic and molecular characterization of antimicrobial resistance and virulence factors in Pseudomonas aeruginosa clinical isolates from Recife, State of Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Paula Regina Luna de Araújo Jácome

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: The emergence of carbapenem resistance mechanisms in Pseudomonas aeruginosa has been outstanding due to the wide spectrum of antimicrobial degradation of these bacteria, reducing of therapeutic options. METHODS: Sixty-one clinical strains of P. aeruginosa isolated from five public hospitals in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil, were examined between 2006 and 2010, aiming of evaluating the profiles of virulence, resistance to antimicrobials, presence of metallo-β-lactamase (MBL genes, and clonal relationship among isolates. RESULTS: A high percentage of virulence factors (34.4% mucoid colonies; 70.5% pyocyanin; 93.4% gelatinase positives; and 72.1% hemolysin positive and a high percentage of antimicrobial resistance rates (4.9% pan-resistant and 54.1% multi-drug resistant isolates were observed. Among the 29 isolates resistant to imipenem and/or ceftazidime, 44.8% (13/29 were MBL producers by phenotypic evaluation, and of these, 46.2% (6/13 were positive for the blaSPM-1 gene. The blaIMP and blaVIM genes were not detected. The molecular typing revealed 21 molecular profiles of which seven were detected in distinct hospitals and periods. Among the six positive blaSPM-1 isolates, three presented the same clonal profile and were from the same hospital, whereas the other three presented different clonal profiles. CONCLUSIONS: These results revealed that P. aeruginosa is able to accumulate different resistance and virulence factors, making the treatment of infections difficult. The identification of blaSPM-1 genes and the dissemination of clones in different hospitals, indicate the need for stricter application of infection control measures in hospitals in Recife, Brazil, aiming at reducing costs and damages caused by P. aeruginosa infections.

  9. Levantamento de dados sobre o conhecimento e informação acerca dos medicamentos genéricos em uma população de pacientes do serviço de saúde ambulatorial do Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil Knowledge and information concerning generic drugs in a public outpatient population in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chiara Erminia da Rocha

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available A Lei nº. 9.787/99, que regulamenta os medicamentos genéricos, contempla normas para o registro e prevê a expansão do acesso da população a medicamentos seguros, eficazes, com qualidade e baixo custo. Após um quadriênio da introdução dos genéricos no Brasil, propõe-se verificar o conhecimento e a informação sobre genéricos entre os usuários dos serviços públicos de saúde ambulatorial do Recife, Pernambuco. No ano de 2002, foi aplicado um questionário pré-elaborado. Dos entrevistados, 76,1% eram do sexo feminino. Ouviram falar sobre o "medicamento genérico" 95,7% e 68,1% conheciam o medicamento genérico. As ações adotadas pelo governo, quanto à divulgação das propriedades desta especialidade farmacêutica e às vantagens oferecidas ao consumidor, atingiram sobremaneira esta população.Brazilian Federal Act 9,787/99, regulating generic medicines, includes rules for drug registration and provides for the population's access to safe, effective, high-quality, and low-cost medication. Four years after the introduction of generic drugs on the Brazilian market, we proposed to measure knowledge and information on generic drugs among the clientele at a public outpatient clinic in Recife, Pernambuco State, applying a questionnaire in 2000. 76.1% of the interviewees were women, 95.7% had heard of generic drugs, and 68.1% could define generic medication. Government action to publicize the properties of such medicines and their advantages for consumers has thus reached the vast majority of the population.

  10. Mulher, família e reprodução: um estudo de caso sobre o planejamento familiar em periferia do Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil Women, family, and reproductive health: a case study on family planning on the outskirts of Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magda Fernanda Medeiros Fernandes

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta resultados de um estudo realizado com mulheres de camadas populares em uma comunidade de baixa renda em Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil, procurando entender como são planejadas suas famílias. Tem como eixo orientador os aspectos da reprodução, especificamente as práticas de concepção e contracepção. Nesta análise, argumenta-se que as organizações que prestam serviços de planejamento familiar refletem a política chamada de "intervenção branca" no comportamento reprodutivo da população de camadas populares. Considera-se "intervenção branca" o transporte das decisões sobre ter ou não ter filhos, do âmbito doméstico para o consultório médico e a transferência gradativa do controle do Estado para o campo da saúde.This paper presents the results of a study on women from a low-income community in Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil, focusing on how the women practice their family planning. The study is based on an analysis of reproductive practices by these women, specifically related to conception and contraception. The paper argues that the family planning care provided to these women involves a so-called "low-profile interventionist" policy, meaning that decisions concerning the number and spacing of children is shifted from the family domain to that of attending physicians, with a gradual transfer of control from the public sector to the health field.

  11. Intoxicação aguda por agrotóxicos anticolinesterásicos na cidade do Recife, Pernambuco, 2007-2010

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    Márcia Noelle Cavalcante Medeiros

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: descrever as características epidemiológicas e a distribuição espacial dos casos de intoxicações agudas por agrotóxicos anticolinesterásicos na cidade do Recife, estado de Pernambuco, Brasil, no período 2007-2010. MÉTODOS: estudo descritivo das notificações registradas no Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação (Sinan, para levantamento do perfil epidemiológico e geoprocessamento. RESULTADOS: foram identificados 549 casos de intoxicações agudas por agrotóxicos anticolinesterásicos, sendo as maiores frequências observadas no sexo feminino (60,3%, na faixa etária de 15 a 29 anos (42,3% e naqueles de cor ou raça parda (95,3%; o "chumbinho" representou o principal agente tóxico envolvido (92,2% e o principal motivo das intoxicações foi a tentativa de suicídio (79,4%. CONCLUSÃO: a intoxicação por agrotóxicos anticolinesterásicos acometeu principalmente mulheres, jovens e pardos; o achado de que a grande maioria dos casos estava relacionada a tentativa de suicídio indica a necessidade de ações de prevenção focadas na população detectada como vulnerável.

  12. Mulher, família e reprodução: um estudo de caso sobre o planejamento familiar em periferia do Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernandes Magda Fernanda Medeiros

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta resultados de um estudo realizado com mulheres de camadas populares em uma comunidade de baixa renda em Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil, procurando entender como são planejadas suas famílias. Tem como eixo orientador os aspectos da reprodução, especificamente as práticas de concepção e contracepção. Nesta análise, argumenta-se que as organizações que prestam serviços de planejamento familiar refletem a política chamada de "intervenção branca" no comportamento reprodutivo da população de camadas populares. Considera-se "intervenção branca" o transporte das decisões sobre ter ou não ter filhos, do âmbito doméstico para o consultório médico e a transferência gradativa do controle do Estado para o campo da saúde.

  13. [Evaluation of the Academia da Cidade program to promote physical activity in Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil: perceptions of users and non-users].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hallal, Pedro C; Tenório, Maria Cecília Marinho; Tassitano, Rafael Miranda; Reis, Rodrigo Siqueira; Carvalho, Yara Maria; Cruz, Danielle Keylla Alencar; Damascena, Wilson; Malta, Deborah Carvalho

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this study was to describe the profile of users and non-users of the Academia da Cidade Program to promote physical activity in Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil. Four of the program's 19 units were sampled. Users (n=277) and non-users (n=277) were matched for gender, age (+/-5 years), and place of residence. Among non-users, 22% had never heard of the program. Among those who knew of the program, 54.3% learned about it by actually having seen one of the units. Among users, the main reason for participating in the program was to improve their health; mean participation time was 27.5 months (SD = 23.1); and 72.8% reported high satisfaction. The proportion of individuals with fair or poor self-rated health was significantly higher among non-users (45.4%) than users (28.5%). Users of the program appeared to be satisfied. Strategies to further publicize the program should be prioritized to make it known to a larger proportion of the city's population.

  14. [Coliforms in the water supply of fast-food chains in the Metropolitan Region of Recife, in the state of Pernambuco (Brazil)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porto, Maria Anunciada Leal; Oliveira, Amanda de Morais; Fai, Ana Elizabeth Cavalcante; Stamford, Tânia Lúcia Montenegro

    2011-05-01

    A guaranteed supply of clean drinking water in food outlets is a relevant subject for public health. The scope of this study was to assess the microbiological quality of 96 water samples of a network of fast-food stores in the city of Recife (state of Pernambuco, Brazil) and Metropolitan Area and to compare the results to the standards established by Brazilian Health Ministry decree nº 518/2004. Every month, a double sample from one of the faucets in the food preparation area of the eight stores investigated was analyzed, totaling 96 samples over one year. The analyses followed the established methodology of American Public Health Association (APHA), in order to conduct the Presence-Absence Test, considering the potability standard in pertinent legislation. Results revealed that 11.46% and 1.04% of samples contained water contaminated with total coliforms and thermotolerant coliforms, respectively. The quality of the water in the food establishments studied is thus a health hazard since a significant percentage of samples analyzed were inappropriate for human consumption in accordance with current legislation, which stipulates the absence of total coliforms and thermotolerant coliforms.

  15. Analysis of the systems for management of radioactive wastes from nuclear medicine clinics of the city of Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lira, Renata Farias de; Lopes, Ferdinand de Jesus; Passos, Robson Silva; Silva, Valeria Cosma Bento da; Belo, Igor Burgo; Santos, Marcus Aurelio Pereira dos

    2009-01-01

    In nuclear medicine compounds marked with radionuclides, called radiopharmaceuticals, for obtention diagnostic information and for diseases treatment. The physicochemical characteristics of the radiopharmaceuticals determine his fixation at target-organ, and the physical characteristics determine the compound application in diagnostic or therapy. The handling of radiopharmaceuticals generates solid, liquid and gas wastes. The presence of these wastes implies in a adequate management according to regulation standards established by the Brazilian Nuclear Energy Commission (CNEN). The objective of safe management of radioactive wastes is to protect the human being and the preservation of the environment, limiting possible radiological impacts for the future generation, and comprehend a set of technical and administrative activities involved in the collection, segregation, handling, conditioning, transportation, storage, control and elimination, or the final deposition. This work intends to verify if the radioactive waste management systems from the nuclear medicine clinics at the city of Recife are conformal with te normative regulations issued by the CNEN. The initial obtained results are used to elaboration of conformal verification spreadsheet and its application in six nuclear medicine clinics at Recife

  16. Evaluation of risks of groundwater quality alteration in Recife urban area (Pernambuco, Brazil) using a multi-isotopic approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertrand, Guillaume; Hirata, Ricardo; Martins, Veridiana; Batista, Jonathan; Bertolo, Reginaldo; Santos, Jeane-Glaucia; Montenegro, Suzanna; Cary, Lise; Petelet-Giraud, Emmanuelle; Pauwels, Hélène; Picot, Géraldine; Braibant, Gilles; Chatton, Eliot; Aquilina, Luc; Labasque, Thierry; Hochreutener, Rebecca; Aurouet, Axel; Franzen, Melissa

    2015-04-01

    The Recife Metropolitan Region (RMR) is a heavily urbanized area located in a estuary zone and over a multi-layered sedimentary system on the Brazilian Atlantic coast. In a context of increasing land use pressures, involving aquifer overexploitation and surface water contamination, and repeated droughts, the identification of groundwater quality risks in RMR is a necessary management requirement. In this perspective, this work focused on the two shallow aquifer systems, named Boa Viagem and Barreiras aquifers, located at the interface between the city (the consumers) and the deeper semi-confined Cretaceous Cabo and Beberibe aquifers. The Holocenic Boa Viagem and Tertiary Barreiras formations conform unconfined sedimentary aquifers, with no more than 80 m of thickness. Cabo is the most important groundwater body for Recife private complementary water supply and it has experienced an intense exploitation in the last three decades. In contrast, Boa Viagem and Barreiras aquifers are more restrictively used, but it is important to understand their water quality degradation,because of hydraulic connections with deeper aquifers, mainly in the littoral part of Recife, where hydraulic potentiometric head of the Cabo aquifer is 60 m below sea water level in some places, with conditions for recharge from shallower aquifers. Through a multi-isotopic characterization (87Sr/86Sr, δ11B, δ18O-SO4, δ34S-SO4) of sampling of 19 wells and 3 surface waters, carried out during two field campaigns with additional geochemical parameters (major ions, noble and major gases, CFC' s and SF6), the spatio-temporal variability of groundwater quality was investigated. The detection of CFC' s, implying a modern recharge component, highlighted the vulnerability of Boa Viagem and Barreiras to surface contaminations. The increasing mineralization and decreasing 87Sr/86Sr from the inland sector wells to the wells located close to the coast or estuary, with higher well and population densities, were

  17. Agreement between underlying cause and preventability of infant deaths before and after the investigation in Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil, 2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marques, Lays Janaina Prazeres; Pimentel, Dayane da Rocha; Oliveira, Conceição Maria de; Vilela, Mirella Bezerra Rodrigues; Frias, Paulo Germano; Bonfim, Cristine Vieira do

    2018-01-01

    to assess the agreement and describe the causes and preventability of infant deaths before and after the investigation. investigation files and death certificates of infants under one year, of mothers living in Recife, Brazil, in 2014 were used; the Cohen kappa index was adopted for agreement analysis of the underlying causes of death; the list of preventable causes of deaths by interventions of the Brazilian National Health System was also adopted. 183 infant deaths were analyzed, of which 117 (63.9%) had the underlying cause revised; before the investigation, 170 (92.2%) deaths were considered preventable, and after investigation, 178 (97.3%); there was reasonable agreement (0.338) regarding the underlying causes of death, and moderate (0.439) for preventability. infant mortality surveillance enabled the improvement of vital events information, contributing to the progress in the specification of underlying causes of death and in the preventability of infant death.

  18. Pesquisa de bactérias patogênicas em leite pasteurizado tipo C comercializado na cidade do Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil Investigation of pathogenic bacteria in pasteurized type C milk sold in Recife City, Pernambuco, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria do Rosário de Fátima Padilha

    2001-04-01

    Full Text Available Visando complementar as informações sobre a qualidade microbiológica do leite comercializado na cidade do Recife, foram analisadas 250 amostras de leite pasteurizado tipo C e 50 amostras de leite cru para a pesquisa de Yersinia enterocolitica e Listeria monocytogenes, bactérias patogênicas capazes de se desenvolverem em temperatura de refrigeração. Y. enterocolitica não foi encontrada em nenhuma das amostras analisadas, entretanto foi detectada a presença de Y. intermedia e Y. frederiksenii, espécies ambientais que se comportam como patógenos oportunistas. L. monocytogenes também não foi encontrada, mas, através da metodologia empregada para seu isolamento foi obtido um isolamento de Salmonella Montevideo em uma amostra de leite pasteurizado e outro em leite cru. Além dessas, várias outras bactérias foram encontradas, supondo-se que a ampla microbiota crescida nos meios empregados pode ter interferido no isolamento da Y. enterocolitica e L. monocytogenes.In order to improve information about the microbiological quality of the milk commercially available in the city of Recife, 250 samples of pasteurized type-C milk and 50 samples of raw milk were analyzed for Yersinia enterocolitica and Listeria monocytogenes and verify the possible occurrence of Yersinia enterocolitica and Listeria monocytogenes. These bacteria can develop in refrigeration temperatures and are responsible for food-born diseases. Neither Y. enterocolitica nor L. monocytogenes were found in the samples analyzed. However, the presence of Y. intermedia and Y. frederiksenii was detected, these environmental species behave as opportunist pathogens. Through the methodology used for Listeria isolation, one isolate of Salmonella Montevideo was obtained from a sample of pasteurized milk and another isolated from one sample of raw milk. Besides these, several other bacteria species were found. It is likely that the large microbiota present in the samples and the procedures

  19. Influência germânica nos primórdios da enfermagem profissional na cidade do Recife, Pernambuco (1924-1927 Influencia germánica en los inicios de la enfermería profesional en la ciudad de Recife, Pernambuco (1924-1927 Germanic influence in the early days of professional nursing in the city of Recife, Pernambuco (1924-1927

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fátima Maria da Silva Abrão

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Estudo histórico-social, que teve como objetivo a análise da influência germânica no campo da saúde nos primórdios da enfermagem profissional na cidade do Recife, Pernambuco. Foi feita análise do conteúdo dos documentos à luz do pensamento de Bourdieu. Na interpretação dos dados, a noção de campo e poder foi utilizada de modo a contemplar as forças que contribuem para a formação do campo organizacional da enfermagem. O recorte temporal foi de 1924, com a vinda das enfermeiras alemãs para trabalhar no Hospital do Centenário (HC, até 1927, quando ocorre a saída da enfermeira administradora. Utilizaram-se fontes primárias e secundárias. Como resultado, observa-se que a cultura alemã exerceu forte influência no campo da saúde, comércio, indústria, economia e educação. A influência se dá nos primórdios da enfermagem profissional pelo reconhecimento da atuação das enfermeiras pela dedicação e abnegação aos enfermos no trabalho que desenvolviam.Estudio histórico-social, que tuvo como objetivo el análisis de la influencia germánica en el campo de la salud en los inicios de la enfermería profesional en la ciudad de Recife, Pernambuco. Fue realizado el análisis del contenido de los documentos bajo la óptica del pensamiento de Bourdieu. En la interpretación de los datos las nociones de campo y poder fueron utilizadas como forma de contemplar las fuerzas que contribuyen a la formación del campo organizacional de la enfermería. El corte de tiempo se produjo en 1924, con la llegada de las enfermeras alemanas para trabajar en el Hospital del Centenario (HC y se extendió hasta 1927, donde se presenta la salida de la enfermera administradora. Se utilizaron fuentes primarias y secundarias. Como resultado, se observa que la cultura alemana ejerció una fuerte influencia en el campo de la salud, en el comercio, industria, economía y educación. La influencia se presenta en los inicios de la enfermería profesional

  20. Prevalência e fatores associados à prática da episiotomia em maternidade escola do Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil Prevalence and factors associated with practice of episiotomy at a maternity school in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Cynthia Coelho Medeiros de Carvalho

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Determinar a prevalência e fatores associados à realização de episiotomia em centro de referência de Pernambuco. MÉTODOS: Estudo retrospectivo, tipo corte transversal, no período de janeiro a dezembro de 2006 com 495 mulheres (escolhidas de uma população total de 2564 submetidas a parto normal na Maternidade Professor Monteiro de Moraes do Centro Integrado de Saúde Amaury de Medeiros (CISAM da Universidade de Pernambuco. Os fatores avaliados foram aspectos que antecederam o parto, características do trabalho de parto e resultados perinatais. Para verificar associação entre as variáveis preditoras e realização da episiotomia, foram utilizados testes Qui quadrado, exato de Fisher e T de Student, quando pertinentes, a um nível de significância de 5%. A razão de prevalência e intervalo de confiança a 95% foram calculados, além da análise de regressão logística. RESULTADOS: A prevalência de realização de episiotomia foi de 29,1% (n=144. Após análise bivariada, encontrou-se associação significativa da episiotomia com adolescência (RP 1,74; IC95% 1,33-2,28, idade superior a 35 anos (RP 0,35; IC95% 0,14-0,90, primiparidade (RP 4,73; IC95% 3,33-6,71, ausência de parto vaginal prévio, grupo que inclui além das primíparas pacientes que foram submetidas a parto cesariano em gestação anterior (RP 5,44; IC95% 3,67-8,06 e doenças associadas no momento do parto (RP 1,71; IC95% 1,30-2,25. Não foi encontrada relação significativa com idade gestacional no parto, duração do trabalho de parto acima de seis horas (tempo médio da fase ativa do trabalho de parto, período expulsivo maior que 30 minutos (considerado prolongado, uso de misoprostol ou ocitocina, alterações da frequência cardíaca fetal, presença de mecônio, turno de realização do parto (noturno ou diurno, índice de Apgar, no primeiro e quinto minutos e peso do recém- nascido. A presença de lacerações perineais foi maior no grupo n

  1. Primary resistance of HIV to antiretrovirals among individuals recently diagnosed at voluntary counselling and testing centres in the metropolitan region of Recife, Pernambuco

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    Ana Maria Salustiano Cavalcanti

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Determining the prevalence and type of antiretroviral (ARV resistance among ARV-naïve individuals is important to assess the potential responses of these individuals to first-line regimens. The prevalence of primary resistance and the occurrence of recent infections among individuals with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS were identified among recently diagnosed patients at five sexually transmitted disease/AIDS testing and counselling centres in the metropolitan region of Recife (RMR, Pernambuco, Brazil, between 2007-2009. One-hundred and eight samples were analysed using the Calypte® BED assay. Males predominated (56%, as did patients aged 31-50 years. Twenty-three percent presented evidence of a recent HIV infection. The median CD4+ T lymphocyte count was 408 cells/mm³ and the median viral load was 3.683 copies/mL. The prevalence of primary resistance was 4.6% (confidence interval 95% = 1-8.2% based on criteria that excluded common polymorphisms in accordance with the surveillance drug resistance mutation criteria. The prevalence of resistance to non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase, nucleoside/nucleotide reverse transcriptase and protease inhibitors were 3.8%, 1.5% and 0.8%, respectively. Fifty-seven percent of strains were from clade B, 37.7% were clade F and 3.1% were clade C; there were no statistically significant differences with respect to resistance between clades. Recent infection tended to be more common in men (p = 0.06 and in municipalities in the south of the RMR (Jaboatão dos Guararapes and Cabo de Santo Agostinho (p = 0.046. The high prevalence of recent infection and the high prevalence of non-B strains in this poor Brazilian region merit further attention.

  2. Primary resistance of HIV to antiretrovirals among individuals recently diagnosed at voluntary counselling and testing centres in the metropolitan region of Recife, Pernambuco.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavalcanti, Ana Maria Salustiano; Brito, Ana Maria de; Salustiano, Daniela Medeiros; Lima, Kledoaldo Oliveira de; Silva, Sirleide Pereira da; Diaz, Ricardo Sobhie; Lacerda, Heloisa Ramos

    2012-06-01

    Determining the prevalence and type of antiretroviral (ARV) resistance among ARV-naïve individuals is important to assess the potential responses of these individuals to first-line regimens. The prevalence of primary resistance and the occurrence of recent infections among individuals with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) were identified among recently diagnosed patients at five sexually transmitted disease/AIDS testing and counselling centres in the metropolitan region of Recife (RMR), Pernambuco, Brazil, between 2007-2009. One-hundred and eight samples were analysed using the Calypte® BED assay. Males predominated (56%), as did patients aged 31-50 years. Twenty-three percent presented evidence of a recent HIV infection. The median CD4+ T lymphocyte count was 408 cells/mm³ and the median viral load was 3.683 copies/mL. The prevalence of primary resistance was 4.6% (confidence interval 95% = 1-8.2%) based on criteria that excluded common polymorphisms in accordance with the surveillance drug resistance mutation criteria. The prevalence of resistance to non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase, nucleoside/nucleotide reverse transcriptase and protease inhibitors were 3.8%, 1.5% and 0.8%, respectively. Fifty-seven percent of strains were from clade B, 37.7% were clade F and 3.1% were clade C; there were no statistically significant differences with respect to resistance between clades. Recent infection tended to be more common in men (p = 0.06) and in municipalities in the south of the RMR (Jaboatão dos Guararapes and Cabo de Santo Agostinho) (p = 0.046). The high prevalence of recent infection and the high prevalence of non-B strains in this poor Brazilian region merit further attention.

  3. The occurrence and dissemination of methicillin and vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus in samples from patients and health professionals of a university hospital in Recife, State of Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Marcelle Aquino Rabelo

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA strains have been responsible for many nosocomial outbreaks. Within hospitals, colonized employees often act as reservoirs for the spread of this organism. This study collected clinical samples of 91 patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU, hemodialysis/nephrology service and surgical clinic, and biological samples from the nasal cavities of 120 professionals working in those environments, of a University Hospital in Recife, in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil. The main objective of this study was to determine the occurrence and dissemination of methicillin- and vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus spp. Methods The isolates obtained were tested for susceptibility to oxacillin and vancomycin and detection of the mecA gene. In addition, the isolates were evaluated for the presence of clones by ribotyping-polymerase chain reaction (PCR. Results MRSA occurrence, as detected by the presence of the mecA gene, was more prevalent among nursing technicians; 48.1% (13/27 and 40.7% (11/27 of the isolates were from health professionals of the surgical clinic. In patients, the most frequent occurrence of mecA-positive isolates was among the samples from catheter tips (33.3%; 3/9, obtained mostly from the hemodialysis/nephrology service. Eight vancomycin-resistant strains were found among the MRSA isolates through vancomycin screening. Based on the amplification patterns, 17 ribotypes were identified, with some distributed between patients and professionals. Conclusions Despite the great diversity of clones, which makes it difficult to trace the source of the infection, knowledge of the molecular and phenotypic profiles of Staphylococcus samples can contribute towards guiding therapeutic approaches in the treatment and control of nosocomial infections.

  4. Avaliação da qualidade microbiológica de águas minerais consumidas na região metropolitana de Recife, Estado de Pernambuco = Evaluation of the microbiological quality of mineral water consumed in the metropolitan region of Recife, Pernambuco State

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    Marcelo Iran Souza Coelho

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Águas minerais comercializadas em garrafões de 20 L na região metropolitana de Recife, Estado de Pernambuco foram analisadas microbiologicamente, no período de junho de 2002 a maio de 2003. As dez marcas escolhidas de água mineral foram avaliadas no tocante às bactérias heterotróficas, coliformes, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas spp., Pseudomonas aeruginosa e Aeromonas spp. Os dados foram analisados estatisticamente por meio de Modelos Lineares Generalizados (GLM. As águas minerais apresentaram contaminação por E. coli, P. aeruginosa, A. hydrophila e A. caviae. Concluiu-se que, de todas as dez marcas analisadas, pelo menos uma amostra de cada marca apresentou-se imprópria para o consumo, por não atender aos parâmetros estabelecidos pela legislação em vigor em, no mínimo, duas análises; o Número Mais Provável (NMP de Pseudomonas spp. e de P. aeruginosa foi influenciado pela sazonalidade e a contagem de bactérias heterotróficas; o Número Mais Provável (NMP de coliformes totais e termotolerantes e a pesquisa de Aeromonas spp. não sofreram influência significativa da sazonalidade.Mineral water sold in 20 L bottles in the metropolitan area of Recife, Pernambuco State were microbiologically analyzed between June 2002 and May 2003. The ten selected brands of mineral water were evaluated with regard to heterotrophic bacteria, coliforms, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas spp., Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Aeromonas spp. Data were statistically analyzed using Generalized Linear Models (GLM. Mineral waters showed contamination by the following: E. coli, P. aeruginosa, A. hydrophila and A. caviae. It was concluded that of all ten tested brands, at least one sample of each brand was improper for consumption, for not meeting the parameters established by legislation in at least two tests; the Most Probable Number (MPN for Pseudomonas spp. and P. aeruginosa was influenced by seasonality and the count of heterotrophic bacteria; the Most

  5. Prevalência de hipertensão arterial e fatores associados em estudantes de Ensino Médio de escolas públicas da Região Metropolitana do Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil, 2006 Prevalence of high blood pressure and associated factors in students from public schools in Greater Metropolitan Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil, 2006

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    Betânia da Mata Ribeiro Gomes

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar a prevalência de hipertensão arterial sistêmica e fatores associados à saúde em adolescentes, por meio de estudo epidemiológico transversal de base populacional, realizado no período de abril a setembro de 2006, empregando amostragem estratificada segundo porte da escola e turnos. Utilizando-se o questionário Global School-based Student Health Survey, 1.878 estudantes de 29 escolas públicas da Região Metropolitana do Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil, foram investigados quanto a: idade; sexo; índice de massa corporal; consumo de frutas, verduras, álcool e tabaco; e pressão arterial, admitindo os parâmetros da Task Force Report on High Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescent, de 1996, para pressão arterial, do Centers for Disease Control and Prevention para estado nutricional. As prevalências de hipertensão arterial (medida apenas uma vez, sobrepeso e obesidade igualaram-se a 17,3%, 6,9% e 3,7%, respectivamente. Comportaram-se como fatores associados para hipertensão arterial: sexo masculino, obesidade, sobrepeso e falta de atividade física. Concluiu-se que o conhecimento dos fatores associados para hipertensão arterial em adolescentes poderá subsidiar campanhas de educação para a saúde.The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of systemic arterial hypertension (high blood pressure and associated health factors in adolescents, using a cross-sectional, population-based, epidemiological design from April to September 2006, within a stratified sample according to school size and shift. Using the Portuguese version of the Global School-Based Student Health Survey questionnaire, 1,878 students from 29 public schools in Greater Metropolitan Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil, were analyzed for: age, gender, body mass index, fruit, vegetable, alcohol, and tobacco consumption, as well as blood pressure, adopting the 1996 Task Force Report on High Blood Pressure in Children and

  6. Survey or quality for radiopharmaceuticals and activimeters available in services of nuclear medicine from Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nogueira, Fernanda Maria Dornellas Camara

    2001-08-01

    The radiopharmaceutical used in Nuclear Medicine must present high chemical and radiochemical purities in order to obtain images with contrast and clearness adequate for the diagnosis. Test should be made by the Nuclear Medicine institutes to evaluate the presence of molybdenum, aluminium and the free Tc O 4 - /TC-HR in the radiopharmaceutical before they use it. On the other hand, the activity to be administered to the patient is determined by the activimeters available in the Nuclear Medicine institutions. So it is necessary to perform tests to verify operating conditions of the activimeter to guarantee that the dose received by patient is the prescribed by the physician. In Brazil, few clinics of Nuclear Medicine are implanting the tests of the radiopharmaceutical and of the activimeters. The objective of this work is to establish the procedures for the radiopharmaceutical tests and to evaluate the quality of the radiopharmaceutical used at the clinics of Recife, as well as the operation conditions of the activemeters in these institutions. The results show that all the activimeters analyzed present a good performance and that the equipment with Geiger-Muller detectors present larger instability than the ones that use ionization chamber. Concerning the Mo/Tc generators, it was observed that only one presented Mo in the generator eluate with concentration over the acceptable limits and that the concentration of Al found in the samples analyzed were below the limits. On the other hand, in 73% of the MIBI analyzed samples were observed problems with its preparation that were caused by the procedures adopted at the clinics, which do not follow the manufacturers recommendations. (author)

  7. Vigilância do óbito infantil no Recife, Pernambuco: operacionalização, potencialidades e limites

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    Conceição Maria de Oliveira

    Full Text Available Resumo OBJETIVO: relatar a experiência da vigilância do óbito infantil (VOI na cidade do Recife-PE, Brasil. MÉTODOS: realizou-se pesquisa documental e consulta a informantes-chave, participantes do processo de implantação e consolidação da VOI; para mensuração da cobertura dos óbitos investigados, utilizaram-se dados do Sistema de Informações sobre Mortalidade (SIM e das planilhas de monitoramento dessa estratégia. RESULTADOS: a implantação da VOI, gradual, iniciou-se em 2003; a estratégia constitui-se dos componentes (i identificação dos óbitos, (ii investigação, (iii discussão, (iv recomendações e correção das estatísticas vitais; concluída a implantação (2006, 98,5% (256 dos óbitos haviam sido investigados e discutidos, com participação dos envolvidos na atenção aos casos; em 2015, essa cobertura correspondeu a 97,7%. CONCLUSÃO: as principais recomendações consistiram na ampliação do acesso e cobertura, e melhoria da qualidade da atenção primária, secundária e terciária; a VOI pode subsidiar mudanças nas práticas assistenciais, planejamento e organização da rede de atenção materno-infantil.

  8. Adequação da investigação dos óbitos infantis no Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil

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    Conceição Maria de Oliveira

    Full Text Available Resumo Avaliou-se a adequação da investigação do óbito infantil no Recife-PE, Brasil. Estudo transversal com 120 variáveis da ficha de investigação, agrupadas em seis dimensões (pré-natal; parto e nascimento; puericultura; características da família; ocorrência do óbito; e conclusão e recomendações, ponderadas pela técnica de consenso e analisadas quanto ao preenchimento. A investigação foi classificada (adequada, parcialmente adequada e inadequada segundo um indicador composto de avaliação (ICA. Houve dissenso em 11 variáveis (9, na dimensão pré-natal; 1, no parto e nascimento; 1, na conclusões e recomendações. Dos 568 óbitos estudados, 56,2% apresentam investigação adequada. A ocorrência do óbito foi a dimensão melhor avaliada, e pré-natal, a mais deficiente. A elaboração do ICA possibilita aos profissionais e gestores das políticas de saúde da criança, identificar os pontos de estrangulamento da investigação dos óbitos infantis para um melhor direcionamento das ações e contribui com a reflexão sobre esta vigilância em outros municípios e estados.

  9. Origins and processes of groundwater salinization in the urban coastal aquifers of Recife (Pernambuco, Brazil): A multi-isotope approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cary, Lise, E-mail: l.cary@brgm.fr [BRGM French Geological Survey, 3 Avenue Claude Guillemin, 45060 Orléans Cedex 2 (France); Petelet-Giraud, Emmanuelle [BRGM French Geological Survey, 3 Avenue Claude Guillemin, 45060 Orléans Cedex 2 (France); Bertrand, Guillaume [Institute of Geosciences, University of São Paulo, Rua do Lago, 562 Butantã, 05508-080 Sao Paulo (Brazil); Kloppmann, Wolfram [BRGM French Geological Survey, 3 Avenue Claude Guillemin, 45060 Orléans Cedex 2 (France); Aquilina, Luc [OSUR-Géosciences Rennes, Université Rennes 1 — CNRS, 35000 Rennes (France); Martins, Veridiana; Hirata, Ricardo [Institute of Geosciences, University of São Paulo, Rua do Lago, 562 Butantã, 05508-080 Sao Paulo (Brazil); Montenegro, Suzana [Civil Engineering Department, Federal University of Pernambuco, 50740 Recife, PE Brazil (Brazil); Pauwels, Hélène [BRGM French Geological Survey, 3 Avenue Claude Guillemin, 45060 Orléans Cedex 2 (France); Chatton, Eliot [OSUR-Géosciences Rennes, Université Rennes 1 — CNRS, 35000 Rennes (France); Franzen, Melissa [CPRM, Brazilian Geologic Survey, Avenida Sul 2291, Recife PE (Brazil); Aurouet, Axel [Géo-Hyd, 101 rue Jacques Charles, 45160 Olivet (France); Lasseur, Eric; Picot, Géraldine; Guerrot, Catherine; Fléhoc, Christine [BRGM French Geological Survey, 3 Avenue Claude Guillemin, 45060 Orléans Cedex 2 (France); and others

    2015-10-15

    In the coastal multilayer aquifer system of a highly urbanized southern city (Recife, Brazil), where groundwaters are affected by salinization, a multi-isotope approach (Sr, B, O, H) was used to investigate the sources and processes of salinization. The high diversity of the geological bodies, built since the Atlantic opening during the Cretaceous, highly constrains the heterogeneity of the groundwater chemistry, e.g. Sr isotope ratios, and needs to be integrated to explain the salinization processes and groundwater pathways. A paleoseawater intrusion, most probably the 120 ky B.P. Pleistocene marine transgression, and cationic exchange are clearly evidenced in the most salinized parts of the Cabo and Beberibe aquifers. All {sup 87}Sr/{sup 86}Sr values are above the past and present-day seawater signatures, meaning that the Sr isotopic signature is altered due to additional Sr inputs from dilution with different freshwaters, and water–rock interactions. Only the Cabo aquifer presents a well-delimitated area of Na-HCO{sub 3} water typical of a freshening process. The two deep aquifers also display a broad range of B concentrations and B isotope ratios with values among the highest known to date (63–68.5‰). This suggests multiple sources and processes affecting B behavior, among which mixing with saline water, B sorption on clays and mixing with wastewater. The highly fractionated B isotopic values were explained by infiltration of relatively salty water with B interacting with clays, pointing out the major role played by (palaeo)-channels for the deep Beberibe aquifer recharge. Based on an increase of salinity at the end of the dry season, a present-day seawater intrusion is identified in the surficial Boa Viagem aquifer. Our conceptual model presents a comprehensive understanding of the major groundwater salinization pathways and processes, and should be of benefit for other southern Atlantic coastal aquifers to better address groundwater management issues

  10. Avaliação da satisfação dos usuários com a qualidade do atendimento nas grandes emergências do Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil Assessing user satisfaction regarding the quality of health care provided by emergency services in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Antonio da Cruz Gouveia Mendes

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: avaliar a satisfação dos usuários em relação à qualidade do atendimento nas grandes emergências do Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil. MÉTODOS: trata-se de um estudo descritivo de corte transversal, realizado nas três maiores emergências do município: Hospital da Restauração, Hospital Getúlio Vargas e Hospital Otávio de Freitas. Foram entrevistados 420 usuários (5% dos atendimentos semanais, através da aplicação de questionários fechados, buscando-se uma relação entre variáveis independentes e o grau de satisfação do usuário. RESULTADOS: o perfil predominante dos usuários foi de uma população adulta jovem (46,7%, do sexo feminino (59,8%, com baixa escolaridade (61,6%, dona de casa ou desempregada (62,3% e moradora da região metropolitana (83%. A insatisfação com as condições oferecidas esteve presente em 55,2% dos usuários, sendo ainda maior entre aqueles de causa externas da emergência da Restauração (77,1%. As dimensões da qualidade pior avaliadas foram o conforto oferecido, 56% de insatisfação, e a priorização na assistência ao usuário através dos tempos de espera, com 48,1%. CONCLUSÃO: os resultados demonstraram uma avaliação crítica dos usuários. Percebe-se uma nítida variação de resultados entre as três unidades. A avaliação positiva em relação ao trabalho dos profissionais traz um alento sobre as possibilidades, porém os demais resultados evidenciam que muito há por fazer para qualificação do atendimento de emergência.OBJECTIVES: to assess users' evaluation of the quality of health care provided at emergency services in Recife, in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil. METHODS: a cross-cutting descriptive study covering three major emergency services in the municipality: Hospital da Restauração, Hospital Getúlio Vargas and Hospital Otávio de Freitas. A survey was applied to 420 users (5% of the weekly attendance. Data was collected using this survey with closed questions, in

  11. Mortalidade por câncer do colo do útero: características sociodemográficas das mulheres residentes na cidade de Recife, Pernambuco Uterus cervix cancer mortality: socio-demographic characteristics of women living in the city of Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Vilma Guimarães de Mendonça

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: descrever as características sociodemográficas dos óbitos por câncer do colo uterino em residentes de Recife, Pernambuco, ocorridos entre 2000 e 2004. MÉTODOS: realizou-se um estudo transversal, populacional, com a inclusão de 323 óbitos por câncer do colo uterino, dos quais 261 encontravam-se registrados no Sistema de Informação sobre Mortalidade e 62 foram identificados após investigação das mortes por câncer em porção não especificada do útero. Obteve-se a mortalidade proporcional para todas as variáveis e foram calculadas medidas estatísticas de tendência central e dispersão para a idade. Quanto ao local de residência e faixa etária, realizou-se o teste do χ2 e obteve-se o coeficiente de mortalidade. RESULTADOS: houve predomínio de óbitos em mulheres com idade inferior a 60 anos (54,7%, negras (60,5%, sem companheiro (67,7%, donas de casa (71,2% e residentes em bairros com baixa condição de vida (53,3%. A maioria das mortes foi hospitalar (85,1%, das quais 90,2% ocorreram na rede do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS. O coeficiente de mortalidade variou de 0,3 (na faixa etária inferior a 30 anos a 54,9/100.00 (em maiores de 80 anos. Comparando-se os óbitos por faixa etária e distrito sanitário com as características da população feminina residente na cidade, evidenciaram-se diferenças estatisticamente significantes (pPURPOSE: to describe the socio-demographic characteristics of deaths caused by uterine cervix cancer in women living in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil, from 2000 to 2004. METHODS: a transversal populational study, including 323 deaths by uterine cervix cancer, among which 261 were recorded in the Information System about Mortality and 62 were identified after investigation on deaths by cancer at non-specified sites of the uterus. Mortality rate for all the variables was obtained and statistics for central tendency and variance were calculated. The χ2 test was performed to obtain the

  12. As representações sociais dos professores e alunos da Escola Municipal Karla Patrícia, Recife, Pernambuco, sobre o manguezal Social representations about mangrove held by the teachers and students from the Karla Patrícia Municipal School, Recife, Pernambuco

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    Priscila Andrade de O. Barcellos

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available Localizada no entorno de um manguezal chamado de Parque dos Manguezais, em Recife, Pernambuco, a Escola Municipal Karla Patrícia possui, entre outras funções, a de contribuir para a conservação do mesmo, por meio da Educação Ambiental. Porém, antes de efetivar ações em Educação Ambiental, faz-se necessária uma diagnose que permita conhecer as percepções do corpo docente e discente. Assim sendo, fundamentado na Teoria das Representações Sociais de Serge Moscovici (1961 e utilizando o software Evoc, buscou-se identificar as representações sociais sobre o ecossistema manguezal dos alunos e professores do Ensino Fundamental da Escola, com a intenção de oferecer subsídios que auxiliem na Educação Ambiental voltada para a conservação do ecossistema local. Para identificar tais representações, utilizou-se uma pesquisa qualitativa com 92% dos professores e 25% dos alunos que compõem o Ensino Fundamental da Escola. Por meio das representações sociais dos professores, percebeu-se que, apesar de conhecerem o ecossistema manguezal, eles não conhecem o Parque dos Manguezais assim como os pressupostos da Educação Ambiental, necessitando assim de informações que os auxiliem nesse sentido pois suas representações estão voltadas para uma categoria naturalista, ou seja, a visão da natureza que se deve apreciar, cuidar e respeitar, mas que desconsidera o homem como parte do contexto. Quanto aos alunos, apesar de não terem conhecimentos sistêmicos a respeito do manguezal, eles conhecem bem o Parque dos Manguezais e suas representações estão voltadas para a preocupação com a poluição.The Municipal School Karla Patricia, located in a mangrove area called Park of the Manguezais, in Recife, Pernambuco, exists, among other functions, to contribute to the conservation of the park, through the Environmental Education. However, before accomplishing any action in the Environmental Education field, it is necessary to show what

  13. Prevalência de pé diabético e fatores associados nas unidades de saúde da família da cidade do Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil, em 2005 Prevalence of diabetic foot and associated factors in the family health units of the city of Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil, in 2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel Cristina Ramos Vieira-Santos

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Uma das mais importantes complicações crônicas do diabetes mellitus é o pé diabético. Por sua gravidade, pode levar a amputações de extremidades inferiores. Entretanto, por apresentar uma evolução lenta, permite o desenvolvimento de ações de prevenção e controle. A abrangência do Programa Saúde da Família, quanto a possibilidade de diagnóstico precoce tanto do diabetes como desta complicação favorece a condução de estudos epidemiológicos visando conhecer sua magnitude. Este artigo objetivou determinar a proporção de portadores de pé diabético atendidos nas unidades de saúde da família da cidade do Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil. Desenvolveu-se um levantamento epidemiológico, com amostra probabilística dos prontuários de pacientes com diabetes cadastrados nos seis distritos sanitários do município. Foram analisadas relações entre as variáveis sócio-econômicas, condições de saúde e ocorrência de amputação a partir de 1.374 prontuários. Observou-se uma prevalência de 9% de portadores de pé diabético. Encontrou-se associação positiva e estatisticamente significativa com as variáveis: alcoolismo e ocorrência de amputação (p One of the most important chronic complications of diabetes mellitus is diabetic foot. Severe progression of diabetes can lead to lower limb amputations. However, since evolution of the disease is slow, it is possible to implement prevention and control measures. The scope of the Family Health Program (in terms of the possibility of early diagnosis of diabetes mellitus and diabetic foot favors epidemiological studies to determine the problem's magnitude. This article aimed to identify the proportion of individuals with diabetic foot treated at family health units in the city of Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil. An epidemiological survey was conducted with a probabilistic sample of medical charts of diabetic patients (N = 1,374 enrolled in six health districts in the city

  14. Relação de uso dos recursos naturais pelas comunidades do entorno de um fragmento florestal urbano no Parque Estadual Dois Irmãos, RecifePernambuco. Relation of use of natural resources by surrounding communities of an urban forest fragment in Dois Irmãos State Park, RecifePernambuco.

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    Diogenes José Gusmão COUTINHO

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho visa determinar as relações entre comunidades e vegetação do Parque Estadual Dois Irmãos, RecifePernambuco. Através de 50 entrevistas, foram investigados aspectos da percepção ambiental dos moradores das comunidades do entorno da floresta do Parque Estadual, percebendo seu modo de vida e sua relação com os recursos naturais. Foram registradas 88 espécies, nativas, cultivadas e introduzida, e dez animais foram citados para a área. As famílias com maior representatividade em número de espécies foram: Fabaceae (treze espécies, Lamiaceae (seis Anacardiaceae, Arecaceae e Cucurbitaceae (cinco, Anonaceae, Asteraceae, Euphorbiaceae, Myrtaceae e Poaceae (quatro. O uso alimentício ocorreu em 31,42% das espécies, seguido do uso medicinal (28,57%, comercial (14,28%, madeireiro (11,42%, tecnológico (9,52% e ornamental (4,76%. A vegetação nativa constitui uma fonte importante de recursos madeireiros e medicinais, mas é subutilizada como fonte de alimento. Os vegetais não têm grande relevância na atividade de comércio, servindo como complemento de renda para as famílias. As comunidades utilizam diferentes fontes vegetais para as categorias comércio, construção e tecnologia, decorrentes tanto das principais atividades que exercem seus moradores, como dos recursos naturais à sua disposição. O lixo, a falta de saneamento básico e alagamentos são os principais problemas enfrentados pelas comunidades. The study aims to determine the relationships between vegetation communities and the Dois Irmãos State Park, RecifePernambuco. Through 50 interviews, aspects of environmental perception of the residents of the communities surrounding the State Park wereinvestigated in order to find out their lifestyle and their relationship with natural resources.We recorded 88 species, native, cultivated and introduced and ten animals were reported for the area. Families with more representative number of species were Fabaceae

  15. Prevalência de sobrepeso e obesidade em crianças pré-escolares matriculadas em duas escolas particulares de Recife, Pernambuco

    OpenAIRE

    Silva Gisélia Alves Pontes da; Balaban Geni; Freitas Maria Maia V.; Baracho Joana Darc Santana; Nascimento Eulália Maria M.

    2003-01-01

    OBJETIVOS: determinar a prevalência de sobrepeso e obesidade entre pré-escolares de duas escolas particulares em Recife. MÉTODOS: realizou-se um estudo de corte transversal com 230 pré-escolares matriculados em duas escolas particulares de Recife, no ano de 2000. Foram classificadas como portadoras de sobrepeso as crianças com índice peso/estatura entre +1 a +2 escores z e, como obesas, aquelas com peso/estatura acima de +2 escores z. RESULTADOS: as prevalências de sobrepeso e obesidade foram...

  16. Evaluation of the influence of percent labeling of {sup 99m}Tc-MIBI on nuclear medicine procedures in Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil; Avaliacao da influencia do percentual de marcacao do {sup 99m}Tc-MIBI em procedimentos de medicina nuclear em Recife, PE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pereira, Jucilene Maria

    2003-08-15

    The aim of this work was to evaluate the influence of percent labeling of the radiopharmaceutical {sup 99m}Tc-MIBI on the procedures adopted by the nuclear medicine clinics in Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil, and their possible interference with image quality in myocardial perfusion examinations. This work was performed at two nuclear medicine services in Recife that use pharmaceuticals provided by two different manufacturers: Cardiolite, provided by Dupont and Cardiosyd, provided by SYDMA. The pH, percent labeling and stability of samples of {sup 99m}Tc-MIBI and the percent uptake in heart and liver of a number of patients were evaluated. The results showed that the pH values measured in all samples of both radiopharmaceuticals were within the limits recommended. In 48% of the Cardiolite samples, the percent labeling was less than 90%, which is the minimum recommended limit. On the other hand, 87,5% of the Cardiosyd samples measured values above 98%. Both radiopharmaceuticals had good labeling stability, even in samples with low percent labeling efficiencies. In spite of the higher percent labeling of Cardiosyd its heart uptake is similar to that observed with the Cardiolite, even when the percent labeling is lower than 90%. On the other hand, the image quality, according to physicians, evaluation was poorer for Cardiosyd images, due to high noise and poor sharpness. (author)

  17. Avaliação da qualidade microbiológica de águas minerais consumidas na região metropolitana de Recife, Estado de Pernambuco - DOI: 10.4025/actascihealthsci.v32i1.3837 Evaluation of the microbiological quality of mineral water consumed in the metropolitan region of Recife, Pernambuco State - DOI: 10.4025/actascihealthsci.v32i1.3837

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    Maria Cláudia Soares Cruz

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Águas minerais comercializadas em garrafões de 20 L na região metropolitana de Recife, Estado de Pernambuco foram analisadas microbiologicamente, no período de junho de 2002 a maio de 2003. As dez marcas escolhidas de água mineral foram avaliadas no tocante às bactérias heterotróficas, coliformes, Escherichia coli, Pseudômonas spp., Pseudomonas aeruginosa e Aeromonas spp. Os dados foram analisados estatisticamente por meio de Modelos Lineares Generalizados (GLM. As águas minerais apresentaram contaminação por E. coli, P. aeruginosa, A. hydrophila e A. caviae. Concluiu-se que, de todas as dez marcas analisadas, pelo menos uma amostra de cada marca apresentou-se imprópria para o consumo, por não atender aos parâmetros estabelecidos pela legislação em vigor em, no mínimo, duas análises; o Número Mais Provável (NMP de Pseudomonas spp. e de P. aeruginosa foi influenciado pela sazonalidade e a contagem de bactérias heterotróficas; o Número Mais Provável (NMP de coliformes totais e termotolerantes e a pesquisa de Aeromonas spp. não sofreram influência significativa da sazonalidade.Mineral water sold in 20 L bottles in the metropolitan area of Recife, Pernambuco State were microbiologically analyzed between June 2002 and May 2003. The ten selected brands of mineral water were evaluated with regard to heterotrophic bacteria, coliforms, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas spp., Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Aeromonas spp. Data were statistically analyzed using Generalized Linear Models (GLM. Mineral waters showed contamination by the following: E. coli, P. aeruginosa, A. hydrophila and A. caviae. It was concluded that of all ten tested brands, at least one sample of each brand was improper for consumption, for not meeting the parameters established by legislation in at least two tests; the Most Probable Number (MPN for Pseudomonas spp. and P. aeruginosa was influenced by seasonality and the count of heterotrophic bacteria; the Most

  18. Situação da filariose bancroftiana na Região Metropolitana do Recife: estudo em uma área endêmica no Município de Jaboatão dos Guararapes, Pernambuco, Brasil The occurrence and distribution of lymphatic filariasis in Greater Metropolitan Recife: the case of an endemic area in Jaboatão dos Guararapes, Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Cristine Bonfim

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta os resultados do inquérito epidemiológico que estudou a ocorrência e a distribuição da filariose bancroftiana no Distrito de Cavaleiro, Município de Jaboatão dos Guararapes, Pernambuco. O desenho de estudo empregado foi o seccional. Foram analisados 9.520 indivíduos da população residente nos 12 bairros que compõem o distrito. Deste total, detectou-se 213 microfilarêmicos (2,2%. Cerca de 91,7% dos bairros pesquisados apresentaram casos de infecção filarial, com prevalências variando de 0% a 5,15%. A população masculina foi a mais acometida pela infecção, com 64,3% dos casos (p This article analyzes the results of an epidemiological survey on the occurrence and distribution of lymphatic filariasis in Cavaleiro, a district in the city of Jaboatão dos Guararapes in Greater Metropolitan Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil. The district was divided into 12 areas, and a cross-sectional technique was used to examine 9,520 individuals, of whom 2.2% were found to be infected. There were positive cases in 11 of the areas. The prevalence rate ranged from 0% to 5.15%. The majority (64.3% of infected individuals were males (p < 0.05. Infected individuals were identified in all age groups. The results show that lymphatic filariasis is still an important public health problem in the Cavaleiro district and that it deserves attention by municipal authorities and health planners.

  19. Determination of Pb-210 and Ra-226 in sediments from Acude de Apipucos - Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil; Determinacao de chumbo-210 e radio-226 em sedimentos do Acude de Apipucos - Recife - Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Souza, Vivianne Lucia Bormann de; Melo, Roberto Teodozio de; Figueiredo, Marcela Durao Cesar de; Rodrigues, Kelia Rejane Goncalves; Cunha, Manuela Silva da; Silva, Danubia B. da; Pedroza, Eryka de H., E-mail: vlsouza@cnen.gov.b, E-mail: rtmelo@cnen.gov.b [Centro Regional de Ciencias Nucleares (CRCN-NE/CNEN-PE), Recife, PE (Brazil); Oliveira, Aristides [Hospital de Cancer de Pernambuco, Recife, PE (Brazil)

    2011-07-01

    This study aims to determine the age of sediment layers in Apipucos Reservoir, located in Recife, Brazil. Dating with {sup 210}Pb and {sup 226}Ra concentrations found in these sediments was used. A core with length of 70 cm and internal diameter of 5 cm was used for sediment sampling and each obtained profile was sectioned. Lead and radium were extracted from these samples by adding acids. {sup 210}Pb and {sup 226}Ra were determined in a gas flow proportional detector, based on the activities of their daughters. It was found that the CRS model (Constant Rate of Supply) to calculate the ages of sediment was more appropriate than CIC (Constant Initial Concentration). The chronology showed that the first sediment layers were 30 years old. (author)

  20. Pesquisa de bactérias patogênicas em leite pasteurizado tipo C comercializado na cidade do Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Padilha,Maria do Rosário de Fátima; Fernandes,Zelyta de Faro; Leal,Tereza Cristina Arcanjo; Leal,Nilma Cintra; Almeida,Alzira Maria Paiva de

    2001-01-01

    Visando complementar as informações sobre a qualidade microbiológica do leite comercializado na cidade do Recife, foram analisadas 250 amostras de leite pasteurizado tipo C e 50 amostras de leite cru para a pesquisa de Yersinia enterocolitica e Listeria monocytogenes, bactérias patogênicas capazes de se desenvolverem em temperatura de refrigeração. Y. enterocolitica não foi encontrada em nenhuma das amostras analisadas, entretanto foi detectada a presença de Y. intermedia e Y. frederiksenii, ...

  1. Prevalência de sobrepeso e obesidade em crianças pré-escolares matriculadas em duas escolas particulares de Recife, Pernambuco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silva Gisélia Alves Pontes da

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: determinar a prevalência de sobrepeso e obesidade entre pré-escolares de duas escolas particulares em Recife. MÉTODOS: realizou-se um estudo de corte transversal com 230 pré-escolares matriculados em duas escolas particulares de Recife, no ano de 2000. Foram classificadas como portadoras de sobrepeso as crianças com índice peso/estatura entre +1 a +2 escores z e, como obesas, aquelas com peso/estatura acima de +2 escores z. RESULTADOS: as prevalências de sobrepeso e obesidade foram de 22,6% e 11,3%, respectivamente. Entre as crianças do sexo feminino, a prevalência de sobrepeso foi de 27,0% e a de obesidade foi de 9,8%. No sexo masculino, a prevalência de sobrepeso foi de 17,6% e a de obesidade foi de 13,0%. CONCLUSÕES: as prevalências de sobrepeso e obesidade foram elevadas nesse grupo de pré-escolares, provenientes em sua maioria de famílias de classe socioeconômica média e alta. O pediatra deve estar atento para a crescente prevalência da obesidade infantil, a fim de atuar na prevenção, diagnóstico e tratamento dessa condição.

  2. Coliform accumulation in Amphibalanus amphitrite (Darwin, 1854 (Cirripedia and its use as an organic pollution bioindicator in the estuarine area of Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil

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    CMR Farrapeira

    Full Text Available Samples of water and barnacles Amphibalanus amphitrite were collected from Recife, Brazil, to assess if it accumulates total (TC and thermotolerant coliforms (TTC related with sewage pollution. The Most Probable Number (MPN values and the standard procedures for examination of shellfish were used. Comparatively with the water samples, the highest coliform values came from the barnacles, with TC values ranging from 2.4 × 10(6 MPN.g-1, and TTC ranging from > 2.4 × 10³ to 2.9 × 10(5 MPN.g-1. Barnacles accumulate the TC Ewingella americana, and the TTC Escherichia coli, Enterobacter gergoviae, Enterobacter aerogenes, and Enterobacter sakazakii. The results provided an indication of the level of organic contamination at the sampling locations and that this species could be a good organic pollution bioindicator.

  3. Fatores associados à violência obstétrica na assistência ao parto vaginal em uma maternidade de alta complexidade em Recife, Pernambuco

    OpenAIRE

    Andrade,Priscyla de Oliveira Nascimento; Silva,Jéssica Queiroz Pereira da; Diniz,Cinthia Martins Menino; Caminha,Maria de Fátima Costa

    2016-01-01

    Resumo Objetivos: analisar os fatores associados à violência obstétrica de acordo com as práticas não recomendadas na assistência ao parto vaginal em uma maternidade escola e de referência da Cidade do Recife. Métodos: estudo transversal, prospectivo, com 603 puérperas, realizado entre agosto a dezembro de 2014. Os dados sociodemográficos, clínicos e de acesso à assistência foram obtidos através dos prontuários e de entrevistas com as pacientes. A prevalência da violência obstétrica foi bas...

  4. Survey or quality for radiopharmaceuticals and activimeters available in services of nuclear medicine from Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil; Estudo da qualidade dos radiofarmacos e dos activimetros utilizados nos servicos de medicina nuclear do Recife

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nogueira, Fernanda Maria Dornellas Camara

    2001-08-01

    The radiopharmaceutical used in Nuclear Medicine must present high chemical and radiochemical purities in order to obtain images with contrast and clearness adequate for the diagnosis. Test should be made by the Nuclear Medicine institutes to evaluate the presence of molybdenum, aluminium and the free Tc O{sub 4}{sup -}/TC-HR in the radiopharmaceutical before they use it. On the other hand, the activity to be administered to the patient is determined by the activimeters available in the Nuclear Medicine institutions. So it is necessary to perform tests to verify operating conditions of the activimeter to guarantee that the dose received by patient is the prescribed by the physician. In Brazil, few clinics of Nuclear Medicine are implanting the tests of the radiopharmaceutical and of the activimeters. The objective of this work is to establish the procedures for the radiopharmaceutical tests and to evaluate the quality of the radiopharmaceutical used at the clinics of Recife, as well as the operation conditions of the activemeters in these institutions. The results show that all the activimeters analyzed present a good performance and that the equipment with Geiger-Muller detectors present larger instability than the ones that use ionization chamber. Concerning the Mo/Tc generators, it was observed that only one presented Mo in the generator eluate with concentration over the acceptable limits and that the concentration of Al found in the samples analyzed were below the limits. On the other hand, in 73% of the MIBI analyzed samples were observed problems with its preparation that were caused by the procedures adopted at the clinics, which do not follow the manufacturers recommendations. (author)

  5. Clonal spread and accumulation of β-lactam resistance determinants in Enterobacter aerogenes and Enterobacter cloacae complex isolates from infection and colonization in patients at a public hospital in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cabral, Adriane Borges; Maciel, Maria Amélia Vieira; Barros, Josineide Ferreira; Antunes, Marcelo Maranhão; Barbosa de Castro, Célia Maria Machado; Lopes, Ana Catarina Souza

    2017-01-01

    Enterobacter aerogenes and Enterobacter cloacae complex are the two species of this genus most involved in healthcare-associated infections that are ESBL and carbapenemase producers. This study characterized, phenotypically and genotypically, 51 isolates of E. aerogenes and E. cloacae complex originating from infection or colonization in patients admitted to a public hospital in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil, by antimicrobial susceptibility profile, analysis of β-lactamase genes (blaTEM, blaSHV, blaCTX-M, blaKPC, blaVIM, blaIMP and blaSPM), PCR and DNA sequencing, plasmid profile and ERIC-PCR. In both species, the genes blaTEM, blaCTX-M and blaKPC were detected. The DNA sequencing confirmed the variants blaTEM-1, blaCTX-M-15 and blaKPC-2 in isolates. More than one gene conferring resistance in the isolates, including the detection of the three previously cited genes in strains isolated from infection sites, was observed. The detection of blaCTX-M was more frequent in isolates from infection sites than from colonization. The gene blaKPC predominated in E. cloacae complex isolates obtained from infections; however, in E. aerogenes isolates, it predominated in samples obtained from colonization. A clonal relationship among all of E. aerogenes isolates was detected by ERIC-PCR. The majority of E. cloacae complex isolates presented the same ERIC-PCR pattern. Despite the clonal relation presented by the isolates using ERIC-PCR, different plasmid and resistance profiles and several resistance genes were observed. The clonal dissemination and the accumulation of β-lactam resistance determinants presented by the isolates demonstrated the ability of E. aerogenes and E. cloacae complex, obtained from colonization and infection, to acquire and maintain different resistance genes.

  6. Prevalence of cagA and vacA genes in isolates from patients with Helicobacter pylori-associated gastroduodenal diseases in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Brito Carlos AA

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Geographical differences in the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori genes and their association with disease severity have been identified. This study analyzes the prevalences of the cagA gene and alleles of the vacA gene in H. pylori-associated gastroduodenal diseases in isolates from Recife, PE, Brazil. Gastric biopsy of 61 H. pylori-positive patients were submitted to DNA extraction and gene amplification by polymerase chain reaction. Among the 61 patients, 21 suffered from duodenal ulcer (DU and 40 from gastritis (GT. The prevalence of H. pylori strains harbouring the cagA gene was higher in the DU group (90.5% than in the GT group (60% (p = 0.02. The vacA gene was amplified in 56 out of 61 biopsies, of which 43 (76.8% contained bacteria carrying the s1 allele and 13 (23.2% the s2. However, the prevalence of the vacA s1 genotying was the same in either DU or GT group. The majority of the s1-typed strains, 39 (90.7% out of 43, were subtype s1b. In resume there was a strong association between the H. pylori cagA+ gene and DU. However, there were no differences between the DU and GT groups in relation to the vacA s1 and s2 alleles distribution, albeit the subtype s1b was predominat.

  7. Portadores assintomáticos de infecções por Streptococcus pyogenes em duas escolas públicas na cidade do Recife, Pernambuco

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    Maciel Amelia

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: investigar a prevalência Streptococus pyogenes em secreção de orofaringe de escolares procedentes de duas escolas públicas da cidade Recife. MÉTODOS: estudo epidemiológico e clínico-microbiológico descritivo no qual foram examinados 753 escolares. A cultura bacteriana da secreção orofaringeana foi realizada em ágar-sangue de carneiro 5% e as cepas SBGA identificadas através dos testes de bacitracina, Pyr e aglutinação em látex. RESULTADOS: a faixa etária dos 753 escolares analisados variou de cinco a 19 anos, sendo 54,3% do sexo masculino e 45,7% do sexo feminino. Seis eram portadores assintomáticos de SBGA e foram submetidos ao tratamento com penicilina. Após o tratamento, realizou-se a dosagem da antiestreptolisina o (ASLO, cujos títulos séricos foram inferiores a 200UT. CONCLUSÕES: uma prevalência de SBGA de 0,8% foi estimada em portadores assintomáticos, considerada baixa, quando comparado a outros resultados em estudos semelhantes. Os autores sugerem a realização de outros estudos para estimar a prevalência de SBGA em crianças com faringite e sua relação com a febre reumática aguda.

  8. Investigation of class 1 integrons in Klebsiella pneumoniae clinical and microbiota isolates belonging to different phylogenetic groups in Recife, State of Pernambuco

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    Alexsandra Maria Silva Lima

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction The high prevalence of Klebsiella pneumoniae infections is related to the ability of K. pneumoniae to acquire and disseminate exogenous genes associated with mobile elements, such as R plasmids, transposons and integrons. This study investigated the presence of class 1 integrons in clinical and microbiota isolates of K. pneumoniae belonging to different phylogenetic groups and correlated these results with the antimicrobial resistance profiles of the studied isolates. Methods Of the 51 isolates of K. pneumoniae selected for this study, 29 were from multidrug-resistant clinical isolates, and 22 were from children's microbiota. The susceptibility profile was determined using the disk diffusion method, and class 1 integrons were detected through polymerase chain reaction (PCR. Results The results showed that none of the 22 microbiota isolates carried class 1 integrons. Among the 29 clinical isolates, 19 (65.5% contained class 1 integrons, and resistance to sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim was identified in 18 of these isolates (94.7%. Among the K. pneumoniae isolates with class 1 integrons, 47% belonged to the KpI phylogenetic group, and one isolate (14.3% carrying these genetic elements belonged to the KpIII group. Conclusions The wide variety of detected class 1 integrons supports the presence of high rates of antimicrobial resistance, genetic variability, and rapid dissemination of beta-lactamase genes among K. pneumoniae clinical isolates in recent years in hospitals in Recife-PE, Brazil. The findings of this study indicate that the surveillance of K. pneumoniae integrons in clinical isolates could be useful for monitoring the spread of antibiotic resistance genes in the hospital environment.

  9. Aspectos da realidade social de crianças e adolescentes atendidos em serviço de referência para filariose bancroftiana, Recife, estado de Pernambuco Aspects of the social realities of children and adolescents seen at a reference service for bancroftian filariasis in Recife, state of Pernambuco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Mattos

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Os autores abordam aspectos da realidade social de crianças e adolescentes residentes em Jaboatão dos Guararapes/PE, diagnosticados como portadores de infecção filarial bancroftiana e tratados no Núcleo de Ensino, Pesquisa e Assistência em Filariose da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (Centro de Ciências da Saúde, um serviço terciário de referência para filariose. Quantificam e classificam as condições de moradia como subumanas, estando em relação direta com a manutenção da transmissão da bancroftose, e alertam para a necessidade de decisão política quanto à implementação de obras de saneamento básico.The authors report on aspects of the social realities of children and adolescents living in Jaboatão dos Guararapes, State of Pernambuco, who were diagnosed with Bancroftian filariasis infection and were treated at the Filariasis Teaching, Research and Care Center of the Federal University of Pernambuco (Health Sciences Center, which is a tertiary-level reference service for filariasis. The patients’ housing conditions were quantified and classified as subhuman, with a direct relationship with the maintenance of Bancroftian filariasis transmission, and the authors highlight the need for political decisions regarding the implementation of basic sanitation projects.

  10. Fatores associados à violência obstétrica na assistência ao parto vaginal em uma maternidade de alta complexidade em Recife, Pernambuco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Priscyla de Oliveira Nascimento Andrade

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Resumo Objetivos: analisar os fatores associados à violência obstétrica de acordo com as práticas não recomendadas na assistência ao parto vaginal em uma maternidade escola e de referência da Cidade do Recife. Métodos: estudo transversal, prospectivo, com 603 puérperas, realizado entre agosto a dezembro de 2014. Os dados sociodemográficos, clínicos e de acesso à assistência foram obtidos através dos prontuários e de entrevistas com as pacientes. A prevalência da violência obstétrica foi baseada nas recomendações da Organização Mundial da Saúde sobre as práticas recomendadas para a assistência ao parto vaginal. Para análise dos fatores associados utilizou-se a regressão multivariada de Poisson, considerou-se p<5%. Os dados foram analisados no Stata 12.1 SE. Resultados: a prevalência da violência obstétrica foi de 86,57%. As práticas prejudiciais mais frequentes foram os esforços de puxo (65%, a administração de ocitocina (41% e o uso rotineiro da posição supina/litotomia (39%. Apenas as variáveis não possuir ensino médio completo (p=0,022 e ter sido assistido por um profissional médico (p<0,001 apresentaram associação significante com a violência obstétrica. Conclusões: o grande número de intervenções obstétricas utilizadas consiste em um ato de violência obstétrica e demonstram que apesar do incentivo do Ministério da Saúde para uma assistência humanizada os resultados ainda estão longe do recomendado.

  11. Phenotypic and molecular characterization of resistance to macrolides, lincosamides and type B streptogramin of clinical isolates of Staphylococcus spp. of a university hospital in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira, Jussyêgles Niedja da Paz; Rabelo, Marcelle Aquino; Lima, Jailton Lobo da Costa; Neto, Armando Monteiro Bezerra; Lopes, Ana Catarina de Souza; Maciel, Maria Amélia Vieira

    2016-01-01

    There is a mechanism of macrolide resistance in Staphylococcus spp. which also affects the lincosamides and type B streptogramins characterizing the so-called MLSB resistance, whose expression can be constitutive (cMLSB) or inducible (iMLSB) and is encoded mainly by ermA and ermC genes. The cMLSB resistance is easily detected by susceptibility testing used in the laboratory routine, but iMLSB resistance is not. Therapy with clindamycin in cases of infection with isolated iMLSB resistance may fail. To characterize the phenotypic (occurrence of cMLSB and iMLSB phenotypes) and molecular (occurrence of ermA and ermC genes) profiles of MLSB resistance of clinical isolates of susceptible and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and CNS (coagulase-negative Staphylococcus) from patients of a university hospital, in Pernambuco. The antimicrobial susceptibility of 103 isolates was determined by the disk diffusion technique in Mueller-Hinton agar followed by oxacillin screening. The iMLSB phenotype was detected by D test. Isolates with cMLSB and iMLSB phenotypes were subjected to polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for the detection of ermA and ermC genes. The cMLSB and iMLSB phenotypes were respectively identified in 39 (37.9%) and five (4.9%) isolates. The iMLSB phenotype was found only in four (10.8%) methicillin-susceptible S. aureus and one (4.5%) methicillin-resistant S. aureus. In the 44 isolates subjected to PCR, four (9.1%) only ermA gene was detected, a lower frequency when compared to only ermC 17 (38.6%) gene and to one (2.3%) isolate presenting both genes. In the Staphylococcus spp. analyzed, the ermC gene was found more often than the ermA, although the iMLSB phenotype had been less frequent than the cMLSB. It was important to perform the D test for its detection to guide therapeutic approaches. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.

  12. Coliformes em água de abastecimento de lojas fast-food da Região Metropolitana de Recife (PE, Brasil Coliforms in the water supply of fast-food chains in the Metropolitan Region of Recife, in the state of Pernambuco (Brazil

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    Maria Anunciada Leal Porto

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available A garantia do fornecimento de água potável nos serviços de alimentação é uma questão relevante para a saúde pública. Assim, o objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a qualidade microbiológica da água destinada ao abastecimento de uma rede de lojas fast-food da cidade de Recife (PE e Região Metropolitana e comparar os resultados aos padrões estabelecidos pela Portaria nº 518/2004 do Ministério da Saúde. Mensalmente, foi analisada uma amostra proveniente de uma das torneiras da área de manipulação das oito lojas investigadas, perfazendo 96 amostras ao longo de um ano, todas coletadas em duplicata. As análises seguiram a metodologia estabelecida na American Public Health Association (APHA para realização do ensaio presuntivo utilizando o Teste Presença-Ausência, considerando-se o padrão de potabilidade determinado na legislação pertinente. Os resultados revelaram que 11,46% de todas as amostras apresentaram água contaminada por coliformes totais e 1,04% contaminação por coliformes termotolerantes. Conclui-se, portanto, que a qualidade da água disponível nos estabelecimentos produtores de alimentos estudados encontra-se em estado de alerta, uma vez que o percentual significativo das amostras analisadas mostrava-se impróprio para o consumo humano de acordo com a legislação vigente, a qual preconiza ausência de coliformes totais e termotolerantes.A guaranteed supply of clean drinking water in food outlets is a relevant subject for public health. The scope of this study was to assess the microbiological quality of 96 water samples of a network of fast-food stores in the city of Recife (state of Pernambuco, Brazil and Metropolitan Area and to compare the results to the standards established by Brazilian Health Ministry decree nº 518/2004. Every month, a double sample from one of the faucets in the food preparation area of the eight stores investigated was analyzed, totaling 96 samples over one year. The analyses followed

  13. Enumeração e pesquisa de Vibrio spp. e coliformes totais e termotolerantes em sashimis de atum e vegetais comercializados na região metropolitana do Recife, Estado de Pernambuco = Enumeration and research of Vibrio spp. and coliforms in tuna sashimis and vegetables commercialized at Recife, state of Pernambuco, metropolitan area

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    Leonardo Gadelha Malta de Moura Filho

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available O consumo de pescado tem crescido, seja pela maior consciência dosconsumidores, seja por estratégias de marketing dos governos. Nesse contexto, destaca-se a culinária japonesa, cuja base principal é o pescado. Desta forma, objetivou-se avaliar os sashimis e vegetais comercializados em restaurantes do Recife através do Número MaisProvável (NMP de Vibrio parahaemolyticus e coliformes totais e termotolerantes, pesquisa de Vibrio spp. e Escherichia coli. Analisaram-se 30 amostras coletadas em cinco estabelecimentos.Não se observou diferença significativa nos índices de contaminação dos restaurantes pesquisados. Verificou-se presença de Escherichia coli em duas amostras de sashimi e em oito amostras de vegetais. Identificaram-se Vibrio damsela, V. fluvialis, V. furnissii, V. hollisae e V. harveyi, não sendo isolado V. parahaemolyticus. Conclui-se que alguns restaurantes necessitam implantar as Boas Práticas de Fabricação (BPF para que os sashimis e vegetaiscomercializados não veiculem microrganismos, diminuindo a incidência das doenças transmitidas por alimentos.The fish consumption has grown, either for a higher sense of the consumers or for governments marketing strategies. In this context, the Japanese culinary is distinguished, whose main basis is fish. Thus, this study aims to evaluate the sashimi and vegetablescommercialized in restaurants of Recife through Most likely Number (NMP of Vibrio parahaemolyticus, plus total and termotolerantes coliforms, research of Vibrio spp. and Escherichia coli. 30 samples collected in five establishments were analyzed. Significant difference in the indexes of contamination of the searched restaurants was not observed. Presence of Escherichia coli was verified in two samples of sashimi and eight vegetable samples. damsela, V. fluvialis, V. furnissii, V. hollisae and V. harveyi were identified, not being isolated V. parahaemolyticus. One conclusion was that some restaurants need to implement

  14. Coliform accumulation in Amphibalanus amphitrite (Darwin, 1854 (Cirripedia and its use as an organic pollution bioindicator in the estuarine area of Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil Acumulação de coliformes em Amphibalanus amphitrite (Darwin, 1854 (Cirripedia e seu uso como bioindicador de poluição orgânica na área estuarina do Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil

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    CMR Farrapeira

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Samples of water and barnacles Amphibalanus amphitrite were collected from Recife, Brazil, to assess if it accumulates total (TC and thermotolerant coliforms (TTC related with sewage pollution. The Most Probable Number (MPN values and the standard procedures for examination of shellfish were used. Comparatively with the water samples, the highest coliform values came from the barnacles, with TC values ranging from 2.4 × 10(6 MPN.g-1, and TTC ranging from > 2.4 × 10³ to 2.9 × 10(5 MPN.g-1. Barnacles accumulate the TC Ewingella americana, and the TTC Escherichia coli, Enterobacter gergoviae, Enterobacter aerogenes, and Enterobacter sakazakii. The results provided an indication of the level of organic contamination at the sampling locations and that this species could be a good organic pollution bioindicator.Amostras de água e cirrípedes Amphibalanus amphitrite foram coletados em Recife, Brasil, para avaliar se estes acumulam coliformes totais (CT e termo-tolerantes (TTC relacionados à poluição por esgoto doméstico. Foram utilizados os valores de Números Mais Prováveis (NMP e os procedimentos padrões para exame de bivalves. Comparativamente às amostras de água, os valores mais altos de coliformes foram dos cirrípedes, com valores de TC variando de 2,4 × 10(6 NMP.g-1, e TTC variando de > 2,4 × 10³ a 2,9 × 10(5 NMP.g-1. Os cirrípedes acumularam TC Ewingella americana e TTC Escherichia coli, Enterobacter gergoviae, Enterobacter aerogenes e Enterobacter sakazakii. Os resultados proveram uma indicação de que há contaminação orgânica nas localidades de amostras e que esta espécie pode ser um bioindicador bom de poluição orgânica.

  15. Epidemiologia de 118 casos de esclerose múltipla com seguimento de 15 anos no centro de referência do Hospital da Restauração de Pernambuco Epidemiology of 118 cases of multiple sclerosis after 15 years of follow-up on the reference center of Hospital da Restauração, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Maria Lúcia Brito Ferreira

    2004-12-01

    : according to a descriptive, prospective, longitudinal, prevalence study, we analyzed data of 118 patients, who attended at the Reference Center for Attention to Patients with Demielinizating Diseases of Hospital da Restauração (CRAPPDD-HR - Recife - Pernambuco, Brazil, from January 1987 to March 2002, to have MS diagnosed according to Poser criteria. RESULTS: The patients were followed up by 1 to 15 years. Ninety five (80.5% patients were in treatment with immune-modulators. The prevalence was 1,36:100000 habitants. We have identified: predominance of mulattoes (110,93.2%, 82 (82.2% cases clinically defined, 15 (12.7% cases laboratorial defined and 6 (5.1% cases clinically probable; a number of maximum bouts equal to 46; more frequent mild EDSS for patients with 1 to 10 years of MS of remittent-recurrent (RR form. Gender rate of 83 cases of RR form was equivalent to the general one, however on RR with secondary progressive form form, the rate was 2.5 times greater for females than for males, and on primary progressive form, 5.5 times greater for males. CONCLUSION: Although some results of this research had been similar to that of eight studies used as standards for comparison, the differences will require new approaches.

  16. A saúde bucal de adolescentes: aspectos de higiene, de cárie dentária e doença periodontal nas cidades de Recife, Pernambuco e Feira de Santana, Bahia Oral health among adolescents: aspects relating to hygiene, dental cavities and periodontal disease in the cities of Recife and Feira de Santana, Brazil

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    Nilton Cesar Nogueira dos Santos

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Caracterizar a saúde bucal de adolescentes nas cidades de Recife e Feira de Santana, pela avaliação de higiene bucal, cárie dentária e doença periodontal. MÉTODO: Foram avaliados 40 adolescentes com 10 a 18 anos de idade em Recife, em estudo exploratório, em 2005 e, em Feira de Santana, 971 adolescentes com 12 anos idade, num estudo de prevalência, em 2002. Avaliaram-se: cárie, pelo número de dentes cariados, perdidos e obturados; placa dentária visível, sangramento gengival e condição periodontal. Para análise, utilizaram-se os testes Quiquadrado, Kruskall-Wallis, Exato de Fisher, com intervalo de confiança de 95%. RESULTADOS: A maioria dos adolescentes realizavam higiene oral três vezes ao dia. Os valores do CPOD apresentaram mediana de 1,5 em Recife e médias de 1,89 nas escolas estaduais, 2,17 nas municipais e 2,39 nas particulares, em Feira de Santana. O sangramento gengival em Recife teve mediana de 27% e, em Feira de Santana, a média de sextantes sadios foi de 4,36, 4,08 e 5,16, nas escolas estaduais, municipais e particulares respectivamente. CONCLUSÃO: A freqüência da cárie dentária foi baixa, a maioria dos adolescentes relatou bons hábitos de higiene bucal e a condição periodontal nos adolescentes foi favorável.OBJECTIVE: To characterize the oral health in adolescents in the cities of Recife and Feira de Santana, Northeast Brazil by assessment of personal hygiene and dental cavities and periodontal disease. METHOD: Forty adolescents between ten and eighteen years old were assessed through an exploratory study run in Recife in 2005. In Feira de Santana, 971 adolescents (twelve years old were examined through a cross section study in 2002. It was assessed cavity status through the number of cavitied, missing and filled teeth, visible dental plaque, bleeding gums and periodontal status. The analysis was based on Chi-Square, Kruskall-Wallis and Fisher tests, with a confidence interval of 95%. RESULTS

  17. Perda de oportunidade de vacinação: aspectos relacionados à atuação da atenção primária em Recife, Pernambuco, 2012

    OpenAIRE

    Barros, Marla Geórgia Monteiro; Santos, Michelle Caroline da Silva; Bertolini, Raphaella Patrícia Torres; Netto, Valderlane Bezerra Pontes; Andrade, Maria Sandra

    2015-01-01

    OBJETIVO: descrever aspectos relacionados à perda de oportunidade de vacinação em unidades básicas de saúde (UBS) no Distrito Sanitário II de Recife-PE, Brasil. MÉTODOS: estudo descritivo, voltado a crianças menores de 1 ano de idade com atraso vacinal em 2012; os dados foram coletados mediante aplicação de formulários estruturados e de entrevista com os pais ou responsáveis. RESULTADOS: foram avaliadas 18 UBS, 33 vacinadores e 300 cadernetas de saúde, das quais 120 (40,0%) apresentaram atr...

  18. Rol de las trombofilias en infertilidad: ¿juegan un rol?

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    B. Juan Luis Leiva, Dr.

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Las trombofilias son un grupo de enfermedades que favorecen la formación de trombosis, tanto arteriales como venosas, y han sido asociadas con diferentes complicaciones durante el embarazo, entre las cuales podemos mencionar: aborto recurrente, preclampsia, restricción de crecimiento intrauterino y muerte fetal in útero, entre otras. Recientemente, se ha sugerido una asociación entre trombofilias e infertilidad. Las mutaciones de la enzima Metilentetrahidrofolato Reductasa (MTHFR y de Leiden se encuentran con mayor frecuencia en pacientes con infertilidad de causa desconocida, al compararlas con grupos controles. Durante la etapa de estimulación ovárica diversas trombofilias han sido vinculadas con la aparición de sindrome de hiperestimulación ovárica severo. Por último, las pacientes con historia de falla recurrente de implantación, luego de múltiples ciclos de fertilización in Vitro, demuestran una mayor prevalencia de trombofilias que las pacientes con éxito en dichas terapias. Este artículo presenta una revisión de las publicaciones relevantes que abordaran los distintos aspectos de la relación entre trombofilias e infertilidad hasta agosto de 2009. El objetivo es describir los estudios utilizados y sus implicancias en el manejo de la pareja infértil.

  19. It's Carnival time in Recife in 1985 –joy reigns! Oh, what a beauty! There is partying, there is magic, and Mother Badia in this revelry!

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    Augusto Neves Silva

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This article seeks to analyze the historical relations between the priestess (“Mãe-de-santo” Badia and the Carnival of Recife of 1985. We aim to understand how this person came to be the symbol of Recife's Carnival. For this, we try to perceive how around Badia's figure one can discern relevant discussions on tradition, parties, popular religion, identity and black culture in Recife. Understanding the possibilities of the aforementioned event is to be able to learn more about the invisible memories of the Carnival of Recife and the capital of Pernambuco itself.

  20. Isolamento microbiológico do canal auditivo de cães saudáveis e com otite externa na região metropolitana de Recife, Pernambuco

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    Maína de S. Almeida

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Otite externa (OE é o termo utilizado para definir a inflamação do conduto auditivo externo; esta doença possui diversas etiologias, ocorre em várias espécies e é particularmente frequente em cães. Os microrganismos da microbiota residente comumente estão envolvidos na etiopatogenia da OE, sendo apontados como agentes perpetuadores da doença. O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar o perfil microbiológico de cães com conduto auditivo saudável e com otite na região metropolitana do Recife. Com o auxílio de suabes estéreis foram coletadas amostras das orelhas direita e esquerda de 41 cães, sendo 11 com OE e 30 sem OE. Foi realizado o isolamento bacteriano e fúngico das amostras cultivadas; observou-se positividade em 80% dos cães com orelhas saudáveis e presença de mais de um microrganismo em 38 amostras (63,3%; já nos cães com OE, a positividade foi 95,3%, com infecção polimicrobiana em 77,3% das amostras. No que se refere aos gêneros bacterianos, o perfil de isolamento microbiológico foi idêntico entre os cães otopatas e sadios. Os microrganismos isolados foram Staphylococcus sp., Micrococcus, Bacillus sp., Streptococcus sp. e Malassezia sp.

  1. RECIFE: NOTES AROUND THE GENESIS OF A FIELD CULTURAL

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    Flávio Weinstein Teixeira

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Regard to the discussion of artistic modernity in Brazil, the article presents a panel of intellectual and cultural debates in Recife (1920-50, in order to give weight to the power lines, literate sociability, as well as the spaces of recognition and consecration the artistic/intellectual making that resulted in a specific dynamic to the cultural field of the city. Therefore, give special attention to the actions of a local theater group (TEP – Pernambuco Students’s Theatre and their contribution to the renewal of artistic and intellectual practices.

  2. Gender relations and sexual orientation in Religious Education curriculum in state and municipal schools in Recife

    OpenAIRE

    Aurenéa Maria de Oliveira

    2015-01-01

    This research conducted in state and municipal public schools of Recife in Pernambuco through research project that had the support of UFPE and CNPq aimed to analyze the Religious Education curriculum (ER), the place that women, especially with marginalized sexual orientation as lesbian, bisexual and transgender occupy. To this end, we work with the methodology of Discourse Analysis and the Theory of Speech, looking first identify the main ideologies surrounding and involving the theme, then ...

  3. Primeiro registro de Aedes albopictus em área da Mata Atlântica, Recife, PE, Brasil

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    Albuquerque Cleide MR de

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Pela primeira vez é registrada a presença do Aedes albopictus em remanescentes de Mata Atlântica, localizada em área urbana em Recife (Pernambuco, Brasil. As coletas foram realizadas em isca humana e em criadouros de formas jovens (ocos de árvores, bambus, bromélias e pneu. A presença de Ae. albopictus na região metropolitana do Recife representa um risco potencial do inter-relacionamento dessa espécie de mosquito com a população.

  4. Prevalência de sobrepeso e obesidade em adolescentes de uma escola da rede pública do Recife

    OpenAIRE

    Silva,Gisélia Alves Pontes da; Balaban,Geni; Nascimento,Eulália Maria M.; Baracho,Joana Darc Santana; Freitas,Maria Maia V.

    2002-01-01

    OBJETIVOS: determinar a prevalência de sobrepeso e obesidade em adolescentes de uma escola pública de Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil. MÉTODOS: realizou-se um estudo de corte transversal com 211 adolescentes de uma escola pública de Recife, no ano de 2000. Sobrepeso foi definido como Índice de Massa Corporal igual ou superior ao percentil 85 e inferior ao percentil 95, para idade e sexo. Obesidade foi definida como Índice de Massa Corporal igual ou superior ao percentil 95. RESULTADOS: as prevalên...

  5. Rabies virus in Molossus molossus (Chiroptera: Molossidae in the State of Pernambuco, Northeastern Brazil

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    Luiz Augustinho Menezes da Silva

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Rabies virus was detected in bats (Molossus molossus from an urban area in the City of Recife, State of Pernambuco, Brazil. Four individuals were found during the day in visible, non-habitual places, lying on the ground, but still alive. No contact occurred with people or animals. Of these, only two were identified; it was not possible to identify two specimens, since they were incinerated prior to identification. Diagnosis was positive by direct immunofluorescence and intracerebral inoculation in mice. This study presents the first instance in which the virus was detected in insectivorous bats in the State of Pernambuco.

  6. Hemoglobin concentrations and associated factors in adolescentes from Recife, Brazil

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    Elisângela Barros Soares Mendonça

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of anemia and associated factors in adolescents from the city of Recife in Pernambuco state. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study, involving a random sample of 256 adolescents of both genders, aged 13 to 18, whose hemoglobin concentrations were evaluated, along with their nutritional status and socioeconomic and demographic characteristics. RESULTS: The prevalence of inadequate hemoglobin concentrations was 10.2% [CI95%=6.7-14.5], reaching levels considered as mild anemia (9 g/dL 0.05, nor with socioeconomic or demographic characteristics (p>0.05. CONCLUSION: Although the prevalence of anemia was low and classified as a mild health problem, preventive nutrition education involving the dissemination of healthy eating habits in schools and encouraging the consumption of iron-rich foods are strongly recommended.

  7. Epidemiologia e diferenças regionais da retinopatia diabética em Pernambuco, Brasil Epidemiology and regional differences of diabetic retinopathy in Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Paulo Henrique Gonçalves Escarião

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Avaliar os dados de freqüência e estadiamento da retinopatia diabética em Pernambuco, Brasil, comparando a região metropolitana com cidades do interior do estado. MÉTODOS: Os prontuários de 2.223 pacientes diabéticos (1.568 mulheres e 655 homens; idade média de 58,4 ± 12,0 anos; duração média do diabetes de 8,1 ± 6,3 anos, que fizeram parte de um programa de triagem para retinopatia diabética na Fundação Altino Ventura entre os meses de junho de 2004 e junho de 2005, foram revistos quanto à presença de retinopatia. Os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos quanto à origem: grupo I, pacientes residentes em Recife e região metropolitana; grupo II, pacientes residentes no interior do estado de Pernambuco. RESULTADOS: No grupo I, 477 (24,2% pacientes apresentavam retinopatia diabética ao passo que no grupo II, 89 (39,4% pacientes (pPURPOSE: To evaluate the prevalence and severity of diabetic retinopathy among patients cared for in a screening program in Pernambuco, Brazil, comparing regional differences between urban and rural zones. METHODS: The charts of 2,223 diabetic patients (1,568 females and 655 males; mean age 59.3 ± 12.0 years; mean duration of diabetes 8.1 ± 6.3 years that took part in a screening program for diabetic retinopathy at Altino Ventura Foundation from June 2004 to June 2005 were reviewed for the presence of the disease. Patients were divided into two groups: group I, patients living in Recife and the metropolitan area; group II, patients living in the interior of Pernambuco state. RESULTS: In group I, 477 (24.2% patients had diabetic retinophathy, while in group II, 89 (39.4% patients (p<0.0001. The frequency of proliferative diabetic retinophathy, macular edema, vitreous hemorrhage and retinal detachment was higher in group II patients (p<0.05. CONCLUSIONS: Patients living in the interior of Pernambuco state have a higher incidence of diabetic retinophathy and the advanced forms than

  8. A produção do conhecimento científico e as políticas de saúde pública: reflexões a partir da ocorrência da filariose na cidade do Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil

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    Braga Cynthia

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo discute a relação entre a produção científica sobre a ocorrência da filariose bancroftiana no Brasil e o processo de formulação e implementação da política de saúde voltada ao seu controle. Para tanto, realiza uma revisão da produção do conhecimento e das políticas específicas, no período compreendido desde a criação do Programa de Combate à Filariose, em meados do século passado, até a criação do SUS, no marco da descentralização do controle das endemias. Centrando suas observações empíricas na ambiência da cidade do Recife, espaço urbano no qual ainda prevalece a filariose, ressalta os processos institucionais e destaca o papel dos distintos atores neles envolvidos. Partindo da hipótese de que se até à primeira metade do século vinte faltavam o conhecimento científico e o desenvolvimento tecnológico para o controle do problema, a seguir, quando esses avanços são disponibilizados, outros requerimentos, agora do campo da política, irão se impor, atuando como determinantes da persistência da endemia na cidade.

  9. Morphometric Variations in the Grasshopper, Chromacris speciosa from Two Localities of Pernambuco in Northeastern Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cisneiros, Roberta Araújo; de Almeida, Argus Vasconcelos; de Melo, Gabriel Rivas; da Câmara, Cláudio Augusto Gomes

    2012-01-01

    The present study describes morphometric variations in the grasshopper, Chromacris speciosa (Thunberg, 1824) (Orthoptera: Acridoidea: Romaleidae) from two locations in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. The distance between the sites chosen for collections (Recife and São Lourenço da Mata) is approximately 16 km. The investigation was based on a comparative study of external morphological characteristics of the grasshoppers. Morphometric measurements took into account the different body parts and appendages. Statistical analysis of the measurements revealed significant differences in the size of the specimens between the two locations. Homogeneity tests of the covariance and equality matrices between mean vectors of the results revealed that the grasshopper populations in Recife and São Lourenço da Mata are distinctly different. These findings provide morphological evidence for intraspecific variation in morphological characteristics of the C. speciosa populations from the two locations. PMID:23421530

  10. Susceptibilité de Rattus norvegicus et Rattus rattus frugivurus de la ville de Recife à la Pasteurella pestis

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    Dalva A. de Mello

    1968-06-01

    Full Text Available L'auíeur a vérifié la susceptibilité de deux espèces de rongeurs domestiques de la ville de Recife. Etat du Pernambuco, R. norvegicus et Rattus rattus frugivurus, les comparant aux souris albinos de la souche "Swiss" avec deux souches de P. pestis dont une était isolée au municipe d'Exu, Etat du Pernambuco âenommée PEXU 19 et Vautre provenante du Venezuela dite RANGEL. Les deux espèces de rongeurs ont montré une resistence modérée par rapport aux deux souches de P. pestis tandis que les souris ont révélé d'être hautement susceptibles.

  11. Novos registros de briófitas para Pernambuco, Brasil New records of bryophytes for the Pernambuco State, Brazil

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    Shirley Rangel Germano

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Os novos registros são provenientes de um remanescente de Floresta Atlântica, a Reserva Ecológica do Gurjaú (08º10'00'' e 08º15'00''S; 35º02'30'' e 35º05'00''O, situada na região metropolitana do Recife, Pernambuco. São oito espécies de Lejeuneaceae: Archilejeunea auberiana (Mont. A. Evans, Cololejeunea cardiocarpa (Mont. A. Evans, Colura greig-smithii Jovet-Ast, Diplasiolejeunea cobrensis Gottsche ex Steph., Harpalejeunea stricta (Lindenb. & Gottsche Steph., Lejeunea caespitosa Lindenb., L. monimiae (Steph. Steph., L. quinqueumbonata Spruce,e uma de Bryaceae: Bryum pabstianum C. Muell. São apresentadas ilustrações, comentários taxonômicos e ecológicos, e distribuição geográfica das espécies no Brasil.The new records were found in an Atlantic Forest remnant (tropical lowland rainforest, Reserva Ecológica do Gurjaú (08º10'00'' and 08º15'00''S; 35º02'30'' and 35º05'00''W, situated in the metropolitan area of Recife, Pernambuco State, Northeastern Brazil. The new occurrence corresponds to eight species of Lejeuneaceae: Archilejeunea auberiana (Mont. A. Evans, Cololejeunea cardiocarpa (Mont. A. Evans, Coluragreig-smithii Jovet-Ast, Diplasiolejeunea cobrensis Gottsche ex Steph., Harpalejeunea stricta (Lindenb. & Gottsche Steph., Lejeunea caespitosa Lindenb., L. monimiae (Steph. Steph., L. quinqueumbonata Spruce, and a Bryaceae: Bryum pabstianum C. Muell. Illustrations, floristic and ecological comments, and geographical distribution in Brazil are given for each species.

  12. Detection of antibodies against Leishmania infantum in cats (Felis catus) from the State of Pernambuco, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Rita de Cássia Nascimento; Ramos, Rafael Antonio Nascimento; Pimentel, Danillo de Souza; Oliveira, Gênova Maria de Azevedo; Carvalho, Gílcia Aparecida de; Santana, Marília de Andrade; Faustino, Maria Aparecida da Glória; Alves, Leucio Câmara

    2014-01-01

    Little information is available concerning infection by Leishmania infantum in cats. Therefore, the aim of this study was to perform a serological study in domestic cats. Serum samples (n=153) obtained from animals living in the Cities of Recife and Petrolina, State of Pernambuco, Brazil, were tested by ELISA/S7® (Biogene). Anti-L. infantum antibodies were detected in 3.9% (6/153) of the cats. All seroreagent animals were from Petrolina. These results serve as an important alert, and future studies are needed to better understand the possible role of cats in the epidemiology of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in this area.

  13. Emanation of radon-222 in uraniferous phosphorite from Pernambuco, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Santos, M.L.O.; França, E.J.; Amaral, D.S.; Silva, K.E.M.; Hazin, C.A.; Farias, E.E.G.

    2017-01-01

    The concentration of radon-222 activity available for transport to the surface through the pore space can be defined as radon emanation. From the decay of radium-226, whose half-life is 1850 years, it is associated with the development of neoplasia, such as lung cancer. In the Metropolitan Region of Recife, sedimentary rocks known as phosphorites have been known since 1959, so, from the radiometric characterization of the Paulista and Igarassu Municipality, in Pernambuco, emanation tests were carried out, aiming to determine the emanation power of radon in samples of uraniferous phosphorite from the Recife Metropolitan Region. Initially, 6 independent samples of phosphorites with activity concentration of 226 Ra> 400 Bq kg -1 were comminuted. Portions of 5g were conditioned in a radon chamber with 500 mL volume for measurements. The linear fit of the model converged after 200 interactions with selection of the best fit by the Chi-Square test, through the Origin® 8.0 program. After analysis of the samples, radon emanation power was estimated in the range of 7% to 15%, with a mean value of 10.8%. The methodology used to determine the emanation parameters in samples of uraniferous phosphorite was adequate, observing an inversely proportional relation between the concentration of the radium-226 and the emanation power

  14. Viradas e marcações : a participação de pessoas de classe média nos grupos de maracatu de baque-virado do Recife-PE

    OpenAIRE

    Leal Esteves, Leonardo

    2008-01-01

    O maracatu de baque-virado é uma manifestação de cultura popular que, por muito tempo, foi desprestigiada e perseguida pelas classes dominantes em Pernambuco e que estava predominantemente associada às camadas subalternas das cidades do Recife e de Olinda. Nos últimos anos, contudo, o maracatu passou a despertar um forte interesse em pessoas de classe média em Pernambuco. Observa-se uma inserção cada vez maior destas pessoas em grupos novos, chamados em geral de grupos de p...

  15. Evidence for Quaternary earthquakes from paleo-fluidization structures along the Pernambuco lineament (NE-Brazil).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nestola, Yago; Balsamo, Fabrizio; Hilario Rego Bezerra, Francisco; Cézar Costa Nogueira, Fancisco; Storti, Fabrizio

    2014-05-01

    Plate tectonics theory postulate that seismicity is mostly restricted to the plate's boundaries. Nevertheless, intraplate earthquakes occur in stable continental areas such as the NE-Brazilian craton, where seismicity is clustered along fault systems reactivating major Neoproterozoic shear zones. Moreover, evidence for tectonic activity is recorded in the Cenozoic post-rift formations, widely outcropping along the coast of the NE-Brazilian passive margin. To investigate such unexpected seismic and tectonic activity we performed a structural field survey along the coastal segment of the Pernambuco shear zone, where the Miocene sandstone of the Barreiras Fm. and the overlying Quaternary post-Barreiras deposits extensively crop out. They are separated by a Tortonian lateritic paleosoil and are affected by mainly extensional faulting, associated with some strike-slip deformation, clustered in N-S, WNW-ESE, and NE-SW trends. In the proximity of the Pernambuco shear zone, in the hinterland of the Recife town, we found evidence for paleo-fluidization structures in post-Barreiras deposits, where mobilized materials include cm-dm-sized, heterogeneous angular clasts in a sandy-dominated matrix. The extent of the exposed fluidized bodies exceeds ~50 m in active quarry walls, the maximum thickness reaches ~3 m, and the depth of fluidization is estimated to be about 30 m. The top seal of fluidized material was provided by a ~80 cm thick clay layer. Such fluidizations are located few hundreds meters far from a major NE-SW-trending, sin-sedimentary extensional fault zone developed in Quaternary deposits, which is consistent with a left-lateral strike-slip sense of shear of the Pernambuco shear zone. Our results further improve the knowledge of paleo-seismic activity along the Pernambuco shear zone and, in particular, provide additional information for the seismic hazard assessment in the high-density populated area of the Recife town.

  16. Perfil lipídico em escolares de Recife - PE Lipid profile of schoolchildren from Recife, PE

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    Patrícia Brazil Pereira

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTO: A ocorrência de dislipidemias é crescente na população infanto-juvenil. Níveis alterados do perfil lipídico estão relacionados com maior incidência de hipertensão e doença aterosclerótica. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a magnitude das dislipidemias e investigar a relação do perfil lipídico com o excesso de peso e a obesidade abdominal em adolescentes escolares da cidade do Recife - PE. MÉTODOS: Foram coletados dados pessoais, situação socioeconômica, medidas antropométricas e perfil lipídico de 470 adolescentes de 10 a 14 anos, de ambos os sexos, da rede pública de ensino de Recife - PE. A análise estatística foi realizada com os programas Epi-info 6.04 e SPSS 13.0. Adotou-se o nível de significância de 5%. RESULTADOS: A maior parte da população era dislipidêmica (63,8%, IC95% 59,3 - 68,2, sendo a hipoalfalipoproteinemia a dislipidemia mais prevalente (56%, IC95% 51,3 - 60,5. Adolescentes com excesso de peso ou com obesidade abdominal apresentaram valores mais elevados de triglicerídeos e mais baixos de HDL-colesterol (p BACKGROUND: The occurrence of dyslipidemia is increasing in pediatric populations. Altered lipid profiles are related to a higher incidence of hypertension and atherosclerotic disease. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the extent of dyslipidemia and investigate its association with overweight and abdominal obesity in adolescent students from Recife, Brazil. METHODS: Personal data, socioeconomic level, anthropometric measurements and lipid profile of 470 adolescents, aged 10 to 14 years, of both sexes, students at the Public School system in the city of Recife, state of Pernambuco, Brazil, were obtained. The statistical analysis was carried out using the Epi-info 6.04 and SPSS 13.0 software. The level of significance was set at 5%. RESULTS: The majority of the population was dyslipidemic (63.8%; 95%CI: 59.3 - 68.2, with hypoalphalipoproteinemia being the most prevalent dyslipidemia (56%; 95%CI: 51.3 - 60

  17. Primeiro registro de Aedes albopictus em área da Mata Atlântica, Recife, PE, Brasil First report of Aedes albopictus in areas of rain forest in Brazil

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    Cleide MR de Albuquerque

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available Pela primeira vez é registrada a presença do Aedes albopictus em remanescentes de Mata Atlântica, localizada em área urbana em Recife (Pernambuco, Brasil. As coletas foram realizadas em isca humana e em criadouros de formas jovens (ocos de árvores, bambus, bromélias e pneu. A presença de Ae. albopictus na região metropolitana do Recife representa um risco potencial do inter-relacionamento dessa espécie de mosquito com a população.This is the first report of the presence of Aedes albopictus in the native rain forest, near the urban area of Recife (State of Pernambuco, Brazil. Adult female mosquitoes were collected using human bait. Mosquitoes in aquatic stages were looked for in treeholes, bamboos, bromeliads and old tires. The existence of Ae. albopictus in the metropolitan area of Recife poses a potential risk for the interaction of this mosquito species with the urban human population.

  18. [Assessment of Service to verify the cause of death implementation in Pernambuco State, Brazil, 2012: multiple case study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azevedo, Barbara Araújo Silva de; Vanderlei, Lygia Carmen de Moraes; Mello, Roberto José Vieira de; Frias, Paulo Germano de

    2016-01-01

    to evaluate the implementation of Death Verification Services in Pernambuco State, Brazil, in 2012. this was an implementation analysis evaluation study; we constructed a logical framework and judgement matrix were prepared; primary data (direct observation and interviews) and secondary data were used; assessment of the level of Death Verification Services implementation was based on outcome-related structure and process indicators which were compared with the logical framework. the Recife and Caruaru Death Verification Services were considered to have achieved Advanced Partial Implementation, consistent with the outcome indicators measured, reaching 89.0% and 82.0% of the expected values, respectively; the Information Collection and Nosological/Aetiological Diagnosis components were considered to Fully Implemented at the Recife and Caruaru Death Verification Services; whilst the Education and Research component was only considered to be Fully Implemented at the Recife Death Verification Services. level of implementation was similar at both services; the higher level of the Education and Research component at the Recife Death Verification Services reveals the importance of technical and academic cooperation.

  19. Delivery care and the inadequacy of the obstetric care network in Pernambuco

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    Lucia Katharina Rohr

    Full Text Available Abstract Objectives: this study aims to evaluate parturition distribution of live-born children within the First Health Regional Administration (GERES I in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil in 2012. Methods: live Birth Certificates were used to evaluate displacements between pregnant women's residential municipalities and birth localities. Flux maps were constructed to represent pregnant women transferred to Recife, and the estimated number of live-borns with high-risk and regular births was calculated for each municipality. Results: in 2012, only 50% of the births of live babies in the GERES I took place at the original residential municipality of the mother. In Recife, the number of childbirths was 1.5 times greater than expected for this year, with 56% representing non-residents. Eleven municipalities of the GERES I have maternity hospitals, however, none of these responded to the expected number of regular risk births. Conclusions: this disruption of the obstetric network leads to the disrespecting of women's right to know beforehand the place of childbirth and to create bonds with it. Municipalities perform fewer childbirths than expected, resulting in unnecessary transfers and the overloading of maternity hospitals in Recife.

  20. The perception of urban farmers about pests and cultivated plants in a metropolitan area of Recife

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    Juliana Gomes de Moraes

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-7925.2017v30n1p99 The cultural significance and relationships of societies with natural resources in urban areas constitute an important aspect that is still little explored in ethnoecology. The objective of this study was to describe and analyze the knowledge and practices of urban farmers, and how they categorize and control animals that are considered pests of cultivated plants. The survey was conducted in areas of cultivated vegetables in the vicinity of the Supply Logistics Center of Pernambuco (CEASA in Recife, the capital of Pernambuco State, in northeastern Brazil. Thirty-three farmers were interviewed, who mentioned 13 animals as pests. The most frequent animal cited as a pest that causes injuries to cultivated plants was the ant, and the most frequent ecological relation cited was cochineals that were described as “mold”. The techniques used to control undesired animals are related to the cultural identity of the farmers and the market, resulting in a predominantly utilitarian perception of natural resources.

  1. Prevalence and pathogenicity of Entamoeba histolytica in three different regions of Pernambuco, Northeast Brazil Prevalência e patogenicidade da Entamoeba histolytica em três regiões diferentes do estado de Pernambuco, Nordeste Brasileiro

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    Ivanize da Silva Aca

    1994-12-01

    Full Text Available Parasitological examinations were carried out on 663 individuals of three different cities of Pernambuco State, Northeastern Brazil: Recife, Palmares and Bodocó. The population from a drought area of Pernambuco State, Bodocó, was investigated for amoebiasis and compared with Recife, metropolitan city (about 1.3 million of inhabitants and another inland community, Palmares, located inside of the sugar-cane plantation region of the State. No evidence of invasive strains of E. histolytica were found in these inhabitants, provided that the isolated zymodemes I, III, IV, VIII, IX, X, XVII and XVIII are recognized as nonpathogenic strains of E. histolytica. Furthermore, the prevalence of intestinal helminths and other protozoan infections showed that these individuals are infected by other agents responsible for diarrhoeal diseases.Exames parasitológicos foram realizados em amostras fecais de 663 indivíduos residindo em três cidades do estado de Pernambuco, Nordeste brasileiro: Recife, Palmares e Bodocó. A população de Bodocó, situada na região do semi-árido de Pernambuco, foi investigada para amebíase e comparada com a do Recife, cidade metropolitana com cerca de 1,3 milhões de habitantes, e com outra da zona de plantação de cana-de-açucar do estado, Palmares. Não foi observada evidência da presença de cêpas invasivas de E. histolytica nesses habitantes desde que aquelas isoladas das amostras fecais, com zimodomas dos tipos I, III, IV, VIII, IX, X, XVII e XVIII, são reconhecidas como não patogênicas. Ademais, a prevalência de helmintos intestinais e de infecções por protozoários mostrou que esses indivíduos são infectados por outros agentes responsáveis por quadros diarréicos.

  2. Análise da freqüência de trombofilia em pacientes com atrofia branca de Milian Frequency analysis of thrombophilia in patients with atrophie blanche

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    Aline Donati Jorge

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTOS - Atrofia branca de Milian ou vasculopatia livedóide é entidade clinicopatológica rara, cuja patogênese não é completamente compreendida. OBJETIVOS - Avaliar casos de atrofia branca de Milian para verificar a prevalência de diversas trombofilias. MATERIAL E MÉTODOS - Quatorze pacientes foram submetidos a exames laboratoriais incluindo pesquisa de fator V (Leiden, protrombina mutante, dosagem de antitrombina, proteína S e C, pesquisa de anticorpos anticardiolipina e anticoagulante lúpico, dosagem de homocisteína e pesquisa da mutação da metilenotetraidrofolatoredutase. RESULTADOS - Dos nove doentes cujos critérios de inclusão foram preenchidos para análise da freqüência de trombofilia, foram encontrados quatro com fatores relacionados à trombofilia: deficiência da antitrombina (um caso, deficiência da proteína S (um caso, mutação da metilenotetraidrofolatoredutase com hiperhomocisteinemia (um caso e presença de anticorpo anticardiolipina (um caso. CONCLUSÃO - Apesar de este estudo não apresentar casuística que possibilite a comparação com a população geral, os dados sugerem a presença de eventos geradores de trombofilia nesses doentes, contribuindo para adoção sistemática de um protocolo de investigação de trombofilia nos doentes portadores de vasculopatia livedóide no Brasil.INTRODUCTION: Atrophie blanche, or livedoid vasculopathy, is a rare clinicopathological entity of unknown etiology. A "thrombo-occlusive process" theory has recently been accepted. OBJECTIVES: To search the presence of several thrombophilic abnormalities in patients with livedoid vasculopathy. METHODS: Fourteen patients were evaluated and tested for factor V Leiden, prothrombin 20210G/A variant, antithrombin, C and S proteins, anticardiolipin and lupus anticoagulant antibodies, homocysteine and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase mutation. RESULTS: Nine patients met all criteria to be included in the analysis and four of

  3. Prevalência de sobrepeso e obesidade em adolescentes de uma escola da rede pública do Recife Overweight and obesity prevalence in adolescents from a public school in Recife

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    Gisélia Alves Pontes da Silva

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: determinar a prevalência de sobrepeso e obesidade em adolescentes de uma escola pública de Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil. MÉTODOS: realizou-se um estudo de corte transversal com 211 adolescentes de uma escola pública de Recife, no ano de 2000. Sobrepeso foi definido como Índice de Massa Corporal igual ou superior ao percentil 85 e inferior ao percentil 95, para idade e sexo. Obesidade foi definida como Índice de Massa Corporal igual ou superior ao percentil 95. RESULTADOS: as prevalências de sobrepeso e obesidade foram de 6,2% e 5,7%, respectivamente. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante nas prevalências de sobrepeso e obesidade entre os sexos. A prevalência de sobrepeso no sexo masculino foi de 6,6% e, no feminino, 5,6% (p = 0,99. A prevalência de obesidade foi de 6,7% no sexo feminino e de 4,9% no sexo masculino (p = 0,79. CONCLUSÕES: as prevalências de sobrepeso e obesidade entre os adolescentes estudados não alcançaram a magnitude observada nos países desenvolvidos. Contudo, devem ser valorizadas, devido ao risco de obesidade persistente na idade adulta e às diversas condições mórbidas associadas à obesidade.OBJECTIVES: to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity in students from a public school in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil. METHODS: a cross sectional study was performed with 211 adolescents from a public school in Recife, in 2000. Overweight was defined as a Body Mass Index equal or above the 85th percentile and below the 95th percentile. Obesity was defined as a Body Mass Index equal or above the 95th percentile. RESULTS: an overweight prevalence of 6,2% and an obesity prevalence of 5,7% were found. There was not a statistically significant difference in overweight and obesity prevalences between males and females. Overweight prevalence was 6,6% in the male sex and 5,6%, in females (p = 0,99. Obesity prevalence was 6,7% in female adolescents and 4,9% in males. CONCLUSIONS: the

  4. Gastos hospitalares com crianças e adolescentes vítimas de violência, no Estado de Pernambuco, Brasil, em 1999 Hospital costs due to violence against children and adolescents in Pernambuco State, Brazil, during 1999

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    Roberto Natanael da Silva Mendonça

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Avaliaram-se os gastos do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS com internações hospitalares de crianças e adolescentes, vítimas de violência no Estado de Pernambuco, no ano de 1999. Utilizou-se o banco de dados do Sistema de Informações Hospitalares do DATASUS, construído a partir das informações contidas nas Autorizações de Internação Hospitalar (AIH. Foram registradas 9.220 internações por causas externas a um custo de R$ 3.659.558,62. O custo médio no Estado de Pernambuco nesse ano, para as internações por todos os diagnósticos na faixa etária de 0 a 19 anos, foi de R$ 306,49. Quando se computaram apenas as causas externas, o custo médio passou para R$ 396,91. Os traumatismos foram as principais causas desses internamentos (84,7%. Na mesorregião Recife ocorreram 65,1% das hospitalizações e 77,9% dos gastos totais em todo o Estado.This study focused on expenditures under the Brazilian National Unified Health System (SUS due to hospitalization of children and adolescents as the result of violence in Pernambuco State in 1999. Data were collected from the Hospital Admittance Forms covering the State of Pernambuco. Some 9,220 hospital admissions due to external causes were identified, with a cost of R$3,659,558.62. Mean cost of hospitalization for children and adolescents in Pernambuco State in 1999 was R$306.49. Mean cost of hospitalization due to external causes was R$396.91. Traumatic lesions were the most common reason for hospital admission (84.7%. Violence against children and adolescents in Greater Metropolitan Recife accounted for 65.1% of hospital admissions and 77.9% of all hospital costs in Pernambuco State.

  5. Agaricaceae Fr. (Agaricales, Basidiomycota from areas of Atlantic Forest in Pernambuco, Brazil Agaricaceae Fr. (Agaricales, Basidiomycota em áreas de Mata Atlântica do Estado de Pernambuco, Brasil

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    Felipe Wartchow

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available The survey of Agaricaceae in areas of the Atlantic Forest in the metropolitan region of Recife, state of Pernambuco, Brazil, revealed the presence of nine species: Agaricus aff. parasilvaticus Heinem., A. purpurellus (F.H. Møller F.H. Møller, A. rufoaurantiacus Heinem., Leucoagaricus sulphurellus (Pegler B.P. Akers, Leucocoprinus cretaceus (Bull.: Fr. Locq., L. fragilissimus (Ravenel Pat., Lepiota elaiophylla Vellinga & Huijser, L. erythrosticta (Berk. & Broome Sacc. and Micropsalliota brunneosperma (Singer Pegler. A key for identification of these species, descriptions, drawings and remarks are provided. Micropsalliota brunneosperma is reported for the first time for Brazil.O levantamento de Agaricaceae em áreas de Mata Atlântica na região metropolitana de Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil, revelou a ocorrência de nove espécies: Agaricus aff. parasilvaticus Heinem., A. purpurellus (F.H. Møller F.H. Møller, A. rufoaurantiacus Heinem., Leucoagaricus sulphurellus (Pegler B.P. Akers, Leucocoprinus cretaceus (Bull.: Fr. Locq., L. fragilissimus (Ravenel Pat., Lepiota elaiophylla Vellinga & Huijser, L. erythrosticta (Berk. & Broome Sacc. e Micropsalliota brunneosperma (Singer Pegler. Chave para identificação dessas espécies, descrições, ilustrações e comentários são apresentadas. Micropsalliota brunneosperma constitui nova referência para o Brasil.

  6. Análise perceptivo-auditiva de parâmetros vocais em cantores da noite do estilo musical brega da cidade do Recife Perceptual vocal pattern analysis of singers from kitschy musical style in Recife

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    Elthon Gomes Fernandes da Silva

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: avaliar de forma perceptivo-auditiva a voz dos cantores da noite do estilo musical Brega da cidade do Recife. MÉTODOS: pesquisa realizada na clínica-escola do curso de Fonoaudiologia da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco e na emissora de TV Rede Estação canal 14, ambos localizados na cidade do Recife. Trata-se de estudo observacional, transversal e descritivo. Com anuência de 13 cantores, maiores de 18 anos, houve gravação da voz falada na emissão sustentada de vogais e durante a música "parabéns pra você"; na voz cantada realizou-se a gravação de trecho de música pertencente ao repertório do cantor. RESULTADOS: tempos de fonação reduzidos; modificações no pitch e loudness, comparando voz falada e cantada, ambos passando de adequados para, respectivamente, agudo e elevada; mudanças na ressonância, que era laringofaríngea e tornou-se equilibrada com compensação nasal. Houve manutenção do ataque vocal brusco; mudança do registro modal misto na voz habitual para o modal cabeça na voz profissional; predominância da qualidade vocal clara na voz falada e padrões adequados para modulação, projeção e articulação na voz cantada. CONCLUSÃO: os cantores da noite do estilo musical Brega da cidade do Recife apresentaram tempos de fonação reduzidos e tiveram, da voz falada para a voz cantada, mudanças no pitch, loudness e ressonância e manutenção das características vocais para ataque e registro. A qualidade vocal clara na voz falada foi predominante, assim como a modulação adequada, boa projeção e articulação precisa estavam entre os padrões vocais mais frequentes na voz cantada.PURPOSE: to evaluate the perceptual form concerning the voice of the singers from kitschy musical style in Recife. METHODS: clinical research was carried out in the clinic-school of Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences course in the Federal University of Pernambuco and Network TV Station channel 14, both located in the

  7. Mortalidade materna em Recife. 1. Avaliação da subenumeração de estatísticas oficiais Maternal mortality in Recife.1. An evaluation of the completeness of vital statistics

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    Rivaldo Mendes de Albuquerque

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo analisou os óbitos de mulheres com idade entre 10 a 49 anos, ocorridos em Recife, Pernambuco, nos anos de 1992 e 1993, com a finalidade de identificar os óbitos maternos neste período e confrontá-los com as estatísticas oficiais. As informações foram obtidas a partir de 1.013 declarações de óbito, sendo complementadas com consultas aos prontuários médicos, fichas de anestesia, relatórios de enfermagem, perícias tanatoscópicas do Instituto de Medicina Legal, relatórios das necrópsias do Serviço de Verificação de óbitos e por meio de entrevistas com os médicos que assistiram estes óbitos ou com familiares das mulheres que faleceram. Calcularam-se as razões de mortalidade materna (RMM para o Município de Recife para cada ano e para o período total do estudo. As 20 mortes maternas declaradas representaram 2% dos óbitos entre mulheres nessa faixa etária. Após a investigação encontraram-se mais 22 casos para todo o período. A RMM pelas estatísticas oficiais era de 37,0 por 100.000 nascidos vivos, passando a 77,7 após a correção. Esta diferença representou uma subenumeração de 52,4%. Conclui-se que, no caso de Recife, não se poderia aplicar o fator de correção de 3,0 recomendado para a Região Nordeste pelo Ministério da Saúde, porque a mortalidade materna estaria sendo então superestimada.This study analysed maternal deaths occurring in 1992 and 1993 in the city of Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil, among all deaths of females aged 10 to 49 years, and to compare the results with vital statistics records. Information was obtained from 1013 death certificates and was supplemented through an analysis of medical records, anesthesia forms, nursing reports, results of autopsies performed by the Forensic Medicine Institute, necropsy reports from the Death Investigation Service, and interviews with both attending physicians and the women's relatives. Maternal mortality rates were calculated for the city

  8. Participatory slum upgrading as a disjunctive process in Recife, Brazil

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vries, de Pieter

    2016-01-01

    This article engages with the coproduction of urban space by focusing on a slum upgrading project in Recife, Brazil. It argues that the urban situation is essentially inconsistent, unpredictable and unstable. It documents the history of urban planning in Recife, paying special attention to the

  9. Prevalence of human herpesvirus 8 infection in people living with HIV/AIDS in Pernambuco, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Oliveira Mendes Cahú, Georgea Gertrudes; Morais, Viviane Martha Santos; Lopes, Thaisa Regina Rocha; da Silva, Dayvson Maurício; Tozetto-Mendoza, Tania Regina; Pannuti, Claudio Sergio; Cunha Duarte Coêlho, Maria Rosângela

    2016-11-01

    This cross-sectional study aimed to estimate the seroprevalence and risk factors for Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) infection among people living with HIV/AIDS in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil. A total of 500 individuals were tested for antibodies against HHV-8 using the whole-virus ELISA. The prevalence of anti-HHV-8 was 28.6% and the frequency among 140 men who have sex with men (MSM) was 38.6%. In the univariate model, there were significant associations with male gender, detectable HIV load, travel abroad, bissexual, and homossexual orientation. The first HHV-8 seroepidemiologic study, in northeast Brazil, documents a highly prevalent HHV-8 infection among MSM living with HIV/AIDS. J. Med. Virol. 88:2016-2020, 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  10. Detection of antibodies against Leishmania infantum in cats (Felis catus from the State of Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Rita de Cássia Nascimento Silva

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Little information is available concerning infection by Leishmania infantum in cats. Therefore, the aim of this study was to perform a serological study in domestic cats. Methods: Serum samples (n=153 obtained from animals living in the Cities of Recife and Petrolina, State of Pernambuco, Brazil, were tested by ELISA/S7® (Biogene. Results: Anti-L. infantum antibodies were detected in 3.9% (6/153 of the cats. All seroreagent animals were from Petrolina. Conclusions: These results serve as an important alert, and future studies are needed to better understand the possible role of cats in the epidemiology of visceral leishmaniasis (VL in this area.

  11. Parasitological and serological studies on Amoebiasis and other intestinal parasitic infections in Recife and its suburban area, northeast Brazil

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    Mitsu Okazaki

    1988-08-01

    Full Text Available Parasitological examinations were carried out during April to August, 1987, with 187 out-patients of the IMIP hospital, located in the center of Recife City, and 464 inhabitants of several villages around Cabo City, 50 Km southeast of Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil. Approximately 71% of the IMIP patients and 92% of the Cabo inhabitants were infected with at least one species of intestinal parasite. There was minimum difference in the prevalence rate of Trichuris trichiura between two areas, whereas the prevalence rates of Ascaris lumbricoides, hookworms, Strongyloides stercoralis, Schistosoma mansoni and Entamoeba histolytica were higher in the inhabitants of the Cabo City area. Only Giardia lamblia was more prevalent in the out-patients of IMIP hospital. Test tube cultivation revealed that the prevalence rate of Necator americanus in both areas was much higher than that of Ancylostoma duodenale , and also that the prevalence rate of S. stercoralis of the IMIP patients and Cabo inhabitants were 4.5% and 9.6%, respectively. Six hundred and fifteen sera were serologically examined for amoebiasis by the gel diffusion precipitation test (GDP and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA using the antigen prepared from axenically cultured trophozoite of E. histolytica (strain HM-ITMSS. No positive reaction was observed in all of the sera as examined by GDP, while 32 out of 615 sera were positive on ELISA.

  12. Prevalence of anemia in children 6-59 months old in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Mônica M. Osório

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To determine the prevalence of anemia in children 6-59 months old in Pernambuco, a state in northeastern Brazil, so as to help guide health and nutrition policies there. Methods. In 1997 a representative sample of 777 young children had their hemoglobin concentration measured. The sampling process was in three stages. First, 18 municipalities were randomly selected to represent the state and its three geographic areas (metropolitan region of Recife, urban interior, and rural interior. Next, using census lists, 45 census sectors were randomly chosen. Finally, 777 children aged 6-59 months old were selected. Blood was collected by venipuncture, and hemoglobin was measured with a portable hemoglobinometer. In the analysis, prevalence was weighted to reflect the census age distribution. Results. The prevalence of anemia among children 6-59 months old was 40.9% for the state as a whole. Prevalence in the metropolitan region of Recife was 39.6%, and it was 35.9% in the urban interior. The rural interior had the highest prevalence, 51.4%. Prevalence was twice as high in children aged 6-23 months as among those 24-59 months old, 61.8% vs. 31.0% (chi² = 77.9, P < 0.001. The mean hemoglobin concentrations in the younger and older age groups were 10.4 g/dL (standard deviation (SD = 1.5 and 11.4 g/dL (SD = 1.4, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference between the sexes in terms of prevalence. Conclusions. This is the first statewide assessment of anemia prevalence among young children in Brazil. Given the very high prevalence of anemia among the children studied in Pernambuco, especially those in the age group of 6-23 months, public health interventions are needed.

  13. [Factors associated with self-medication for toothache: analysis using pharmacy personnel in the city of Recife, PE].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Rafaella Arcoverde; Marques, Flávia Duarte; de Goes, Paulo Sávio Angeiras

    2008-04-01

    This paper aims to describe the factors associated with self-medication related to toothache in the city of Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil. The investigation was designed as a cross-sectional study. The sample was random selected among the pharmacies registered in the Regional Pharmacy Council of Pernambuco and distributed over the Health Districts. The level of knowledge of the pharmacy personnel about self-medication related to toothache was analyzed. One hundred and seventy nine professionals from 120 establishments were interviewed. The data were collected by means of a questionnaire. According to the results, 67.0% of the interviewees had attended individuals relating orofacial pain in the last six months, among them 91.6% relating toothache; 83.7% male and 73.3% female personnel had indicated medications for toothache without prescription; personnel with high-school level indicated more medications without prescription (48.6%) The study concludes that to buy pain relievers without prescription including for toothache is common and reinforces the need of informing the population about the correct use of these medicaments.

  14. The ergonomic and legal aspects of the heritage of the state of Pernambuco--Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Jesus Pereira da Silva, Terezinha; Neto, Augusto Eugenio Paashaus

    2012-01-01

    This paper aims to demonstrate the situation of the buildings declared a historical landmark by the government spheres in the state of Pernambuco, and how they attend the norms of accessibility for those with special needs. The methodology of the research contemplated a sample of 46 heritage buildings, approximately 16% of the universe of properties, which are around 268. In turn, these were limited to Recife's Metropolitan Region Area - RMR comprising 30% of the 153 properties of the municipalities of: Cabo de Santo Agostinho, Igarassu, Itamaracá, Ipojuca, Jaboatão dos Guararapes, Moreno, Olinda, Paulista, Recife and São Lourenço da Mata. From the specific forms set up based on the theoretical reference, as well as graphics and photographic records were assessed the aspects of both internal and external accessibility, displacement, (visual) orientation, and the use of space and equipment. In the analysis of different types was assembled a summary table ranking the samples in accessible, partially accessible and not accessible. As general results were found that from the 46 properties examined, 2 (5%) are accessible, 16 (35%) are partially accessible and 28(60%) are not accessible. Such data, although sample, shows that the majority of heritage properties does not provide access to people physically disabled or with reduced mobility signaling for professionals, managers and society institutions on the need to reduce physical barriers in such heritage.

  15. A filariose bancroftiana no município de Moreno - Pernambuco, Brasil Lymphatic filariasis in Moreno, Northeast Brazil

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    Zulma Medeiros

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available No Brasil, estima-se que 49 mil pessoas estejam infectadas pela Wuchereria bancrofti, residindo em três áreas consideradas endêmicas: Maceió-AL, Belém-PA e Região Metropolitana do Recife-PE; esta última apresenta a maior casuística no país. Este estudo tem como objetivo identificar o limite entre municípios com e sem transmissão ativa, em Pernambuco. Para tal foi realizado um estudo seccional no município de Moreno, localizado na Região Metropolitana do Recife. O inquérito epidemiológico foi constituído de entrevistas utilizando questionários fechados contendo informações relacionadas à filariose e à pesquisa parasitológica. Dentre os 2.513 exames realizados, dois casos foram detectados, ambos provenientes do Recife-PE. Quanto à manifestação clínica, 65 (2,6% indivíduos relataram queixas correlatas com filariose. Em relação ao tratamento prévio para filariose, 24 pessoas (0,9% afirmaram já terem tomado a dietilcarbamazina. A importância deste trabalho decorre do desconhecimento da extensão da endemia na Região Metropolitana do Recife e da constatação de que Moreno apresenta os componentes para manter o ciclo parasitário. Desta forma, a vigilância epidemiológica municipal deverá identificar as áreas com maior risco de transmissão e assim criar estratégias para evitar sua fixação.It is estimated that 49 thousand people in Brazil, living in three endemic areas, may be infected with Wuchereria bancrofti: Maceió-AL, Belém-PA, and the metropolitan area of Recife-PE. This last area presents the highest incidence in the country. This study aims to identify the boundaries between municipalities with and without active transmission in the state of Pernambuco. To that end, a cross-sectional study was performed in the town of Moreno, in the metropolitan area of Recife. The epidemiological survey consisted of interviews using questionnaires with information related to filariasis, and blood sampling for

  16. Os nós que alforriam: relações sociais na construção da liberdade, Recife, décadas de 1840 e 1850

    OpenAIRE

    Silva de Lima, Tatiana

    2004-01-01

    Este trabalho disserta sobre a liberdade de escravos através da alforria no Recife das décadas de 1840 e 1850 e tem como objetivo investigar as relações sociais em registros de cartas de liberdade e processos judiciais do Tribunal da Relação de Pernambuco. Os proprietários de escravos proferiam o discurso das cartas de alforria, atribuindo-lhes um sentido de doação, como as Ordenações Filipinas as tratavam, e minimizando a participação cativa na liberdade legal. Nesta perspectiva, a alforr...

  17. Mídia e transformações nas lendas e mitos em pernambuco

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    Lóssio, Rúbia

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available A pesquisa visa a analisar e registrar as lendas e mitos em Pernambuco através das narrativas existentes na riqueza do imaginário popular. A análise da pesquisa consistiu em compreender a função social das lendas e mitos, bem como as influências midiáticas e sua refuncionalização, encontrada nos locais selecionados para entrevistas semiestruturadas como: litoral, periferia do Recife e sertão de Pernambuco. A partir dos estudos de Campbell, Maffesoli, Beltrão, Chertudi, construimos o nosso trabalho. Os mitos e as lendas fazem parte de um mundo simbólico onde a ambivalência impera entre o desejo e a proibição na cultura popular. Com o avanço da tecnologia da informação, os mitos e as lendas extrapolam para constituir uma dinâmica de defesa pelos anseios de sobrevivência e modos de vida

  18. Análise da positividade da esquistossomose mansoni em Regionais de Saúde endêmicas em Pernambuco, 2005 a 2010

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    Ana Virgínia Matos Sá Barreto

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: analisar a tendência da positividade da esquistossomose em exames coproscópicos na população de área endêmica do estado de Pernambuco, Brasil, de 2005 a 2010. MÉTODOS: estudo ecológico de serie temporal, com dados secundários do Sistema de Informação do Programa de Controle da Esquistossomose, analisados por Regional de Saúde; foram avaliadas as tendências por regressão linear, considerando-se p<0,05 significativo. RESULTADOS: Pernambuco apresentou média de 9,2% de positividade; a Regional de Saúde III (Palmares apresentou maior média de positividade (13,8%, seguida das regionais II (Limoeiro: 9,9% e I (Recife: 7,8%; a Regional V (Garanhuns apresentou melhor média de tratamento (95,6%, seguida da III (86,6%; Pernambuco apresentou tendência decrescente na positividade para esquistossomose (p=0,005. CONCLUSÃO: em geral, há uma tendência decrescente da positividade de esquistossomose em Pernambuco, apesar da queda no número de exames; é importante manter e intensificar as intervenções de controle, com prioridades estratégicas focalizadas em localidades com elevadas prevalências.

  19. Radiometric evaluation of granite tables in environment public in the city of Recife-PE, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rocha, Edilson A.; Amaral, Romilton dos S.; Santos Junior, Jose A. dos; Bezerra, Jairo D.

    2011-01-01

    Granite in Pernambuco has been used as raw-material in several utensils, amongst which, furniture and decoration objects. This granite, besides being traded internally, is also exported to Asia and Europe. Differentiated content of some radionuclides of the ( 238 U and 232 Th) and 40 K natural series above average content of other rocks is also commonly found, due to its origin and geological formation. The gamma radiation stems from the decay of the given series, followed by the 40 K, and it should not exceed the 1 mSv.y -1 limit per person of the public, according to the current radiological protection rules (ICRP, 60). This work aimed to radiometrically assess the granite tables used by the public of a well visited restaurant in the city of Recife. It is expected to contribute to the environmental monitoring and to assess the possible health risks for humans. The tables were monitored for a period of about one year. Dosimetric tablets of CaSO 4 :Dy were used. The findings showed doses ranges from the background to 4.7 mSv.y -1 , with general average of dose rate equal to 3.0 mSv.y -1 . Therefore, it was concluded that despite the average dose rates in the different granite objects studied being higher than the recommended rate, the exposure does not offer risks to their users, due to the contact time (meal time) and the levels of radioactive emission found. (author)

  20. Gender relations and sexual orientation in Religious Education curriculum in state and municipal schools in Recife

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    Aurenéa Maria de Oliveira

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This research conducted in state and municipal public schools of Recife in Pernambuco through research project that had the support of UFPE and CNPq aimed to analyze the Religious Education curriculum (ER, the place that women, especially with marginalized sexual orientation as lesbian, bisexual and transgender occupy. To this end, we work with the methodology of Discourse Analysis and the Theory of Speech, looking first identify the main ideologies surrounding and involving the theme, then locate the hegemonic discourse or hegemonic discourses that claimed around him . Thus, it reached the conclusion that approaches religion, gender and sexual diversity, which are expressed in the daily life of the classrooms are not, however, raised the disciplinary component examined in the absence of a curriculum that can assist teachers by through proposals and pragmatic content activities that encourage the emergence of points to be considered, negotiated and correlated to the themes in question. Thus, the difficulties in dialogue about sexual orientation and homosexuality in general, and specifically in the female case, are great in ER discipline in the schools surveyed. 

  1. Meninas de moral: experiências socioeducativas em um bairro popular do Recife

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    Rosineide de Lourdes Meira Cordeiro

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta uma experiência de extensão universitária que objetivou promover um espaço socioeducativo com adolescentes do sexo feminino no universo dos direitos sexuais e sociais. O projeto foi desenvolvido por duas estudantes de Psicologia e dois de Serviço Social, sob orientação docente, com dez garotas de idade entre 12 e 14 anos, majoritariamente afro-descendentes, moradoras da periferia da cidade do Recife, Pernambuco. O artigo enfoca o uso do termo menina de moral pelas adolescentes que, dentre outros significados e implicações, envolve uso de força física, ameaças verbais e drogas lícitas e ilícitas como elementos que conferem ou mantêm status e respeito entre pares. As ações da menina de moral sinalizam uma série de estratégias elaboradas pelas adolescentes ante as singularidades do contexto social em que estão inseridas e revelam que os condicionantes de geração são entremeados por fatores como gênero, classe social, raça e etnia.

  2. Evaluation of doses in conventional radiology in the cities of Rio de Janeiro e Recife, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Azevedo, Ana Cecilia P.; Osibote, Adelaja O.; Khoury, Helen J.

    2005-01-01

    This work is part of a program of evaluating doses in patients developed in several hospitals in the States of Rio de Janeiro and Pernambuco. We used the program DoseCal to evaluate the Input Skin Dose (DEP) and the Effective Dose (DE) in big public hospitals in the cities of Rio de Janeiro and Recife. It were included in the survey the doses of chest radiographs, cervical spine, lumbar spine, skull and pelvis in the projections AP, PA and LAT. To chest in PA the average value of DEP for the hospital A was 0.19 mGy. For to hospital B was 0.07 mGy. For the exam of the skull in PA the average value in A was 3.25 mGy and B of 0.49 mGy. With respect to radiological techniques might be noted that in most cases the hospital A used kilovoltage lower than in B and miliamperes higher. This can be one of the explanations for the difference of the values found for DEP and DE. The results showed significant discrepancies in values of doses as radiographic techniques when compared to the requirements established by the European Community for X-rays with image quality. This result is due to several factors: filtration, radiographic technique, professional technical experience and performance of radiographic equipment

  3. O alcoolismo em Pernambuco: Estudo estatístico

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    Walderedo Ismael de Oliveira

    1945-03-01

    Full Text Available O autor procedeu ao levantamento estatístico de tôdas as admissões no Hospital de Alienados de Recife (Estado de Pernambuco, no período que vai de 1916 a 1930, chegando à conclusão que a percentagem de alcoolistas, em relação ao total das entradas, é de 12,4%. As percentagens mais baixas correspondem aos anos de 1925 (6,91% e 1920 (8,15%. O maior contingente de alcoolistas entrou nos anos de 1922 (22,67% e 1923 (17,72%. Em seguida fêz um estudo comparativo entre os dados verificados no Estado de Pernambuco e a incidência de psicoses alcoólicas em outros países. As estatísticas do período 1931-1935 permitiram chegar a conclusões mais minuciosas e elucidativas. No que diz respeito ao sexo, o autor assinala uma elevada proporção de alcoolistas do sexo feminino, em contraste com o habitualmente observado nos outros países. A incidência de alcoolistas, em relação à idade, é mais elevada entre os 31-35 anos para os homens e 26-30 anos para as mulheres. A maioria dos alcoolistas é recrutada entre os elementos nacionais. A maior contribuição de enfermos, no que toca à raça, é fornecida pelo elemento negro. É a comprovação de fenômeno já assinalado também nos Estados Unidos, onde é grande o predomínio dos alcoolistas de raça negra. Entre os casados há mais alcoolistas que entre solteiros e viúvos. A grande maioria dos enfermos provém dos homens de profissões humildes: operários, agricultores, comerciários, etc. A capital contribui com 46,6% do total das internações, fato curioso e digno de nota, porque tal percentagem provém de uma população 6 vezes menor que a do resto do Estado. O autor aventa algumas hipóteses explicativas de tal diferença, salietando as facilidades de hospitalização no centro urbano, as condições do homem da cidade e a situação alimentar do operário no Recife. É carregada a ascendência psicopática dos alcoolistas. No que diz respeito à maneira de como é usado o t

  4. Maus-tratos contra idosos no município de Camaragibe, Pernambuco Elder abuse in Camaragibe, Pernambuco

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    Victor Lopes de Melo

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: descrever a situação de maus-tratos contra idosos no município de Camaragibe, na região metropolitana do Recife, Pernambuco. MÉTODOS: estudo descritivo de corte transversal com uma amostra representativa da população idosa do município, e submetida a questionário previamente elaborado conforme os objetivos do estudo. RESULTADOS: dos 315 idosos, 95,4% estavam na sexta e sétima década de vida, 65,2% eram mulheres e recebiam até dois salários mínimos (91,4%, 87,5% tinham casas próprias, com deficiente esgotamento sanitário (84,1% e baixo grau de escolaridade (97,1%. Sessenta e seis referiram sofrer maus-tratos. Desses, 65,2% eram do sexo feminino. O tipo de violência mais comum foi a psicológica (62,1%, seguida da física (31,8%, cometidas pelos próprios familiares dentro do próprio domicílio. As mulheres foram mais agredidas que os homens. 71,3% reagiram passivamente não sabendo a que órgão denunciar. No seu entendimento a comunidade era indiferente ao problema. CONCLUSÕES: os maus-tratos contra idosos apresentam-se como problema relevante para a saúde pública. Medidas educativas poderiam ser implementadas para esclarecê-los sobre direitos, facilitar a denúncia e a obtenção de apoio ou ajuda.OBJECTIVES: to describe the situation of abuse against the elderly in the municipality of Camaragibe, in the metropolitan region of Recife, Pernambuco. METHODS: cross sectional study with a representative sample of the elderly population in the municipality, subject to abuse and respondents to a previously designed questionnaire according to the objectives of the study. RESULTS: of the 315 elderly, 95.4% were in the sixth and seventh decade of life and 65.2% were women and received up to two minimum wages (91.4%, were house owners (87.5%, living in neighborhoods with deficient sewage systems (84.1% and low education level (97.1%. Seventy six claimed they were abused. Among these 65.2% were females. The most common type

  5. Comércio e lazer no início do século: O caso do Derby no Recife

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    Telma de Barros Correia

    1999-09-01

    Full Text Available The creation of the Derby in Recife at the end of the nineteenth century, as a commerce, services and leisure center is the focus of the following study. The Derby introduced new attitudes of consumption, articulated with new forms of diversion and leisure, into the city. The paper attempts to show, at least in spatial terms, how the Derby expressed a moment of public space redefinition through the introduction of new standards of comfort, hygene and security and through a change in the city/nature relationship. The paper also attempts to show how the failure of this experiment, after a short existance of less than one year, was related to political conflict between the owner of the Derby and the authorities in Pernambuco at that time

  6. Combater a pobreza estimulando a freqüência escolar: o estudo de caso do Programa Bolsa-Escola do Recife

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    Lavinas Lena

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to present the initial results of an impact study on a scholarship program implemented since 1997 in Recife, capital of the State of Pernambuco in Northeast Brazil. The scholarship program is designed to guarantee a minimum income for poor families by providing a monetary stipend that is contingent on school attendance by the family's children in the 7-14-year age bracket, in basic education (8 years of schooling. In addition to reducing poverty in the short term by increasing per capita family income and focusing social expenditures in the most under-served segments of the population, the scholarship program has proven to be an effective tool in combating repetition in school, the main factor in Brazil's high drop-out rates. The program also helps families and schools mobilize to increase schooling levels among children and has a positive impact by reducing the schooling gap.

  7. Análise da prevalência dos transtornos psíquicos na região metropolitana do Recife Analysis of the prevalence of psychic disorders in the metropolitan region of Recife

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    Cíntia Paixão

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available A saúde mental é um estado de bem-estar em que o indivíduo tem consciência das suas capacidades, é capaz de lidar com o estresse normal da vida, trabalhar produtivamente e contribuir para a sua comunidade. O presente trabalho tem como objetivo analisar quantitativamente a prevalência dos transtornos psíquicos, usando parâmetros referenciais como sexo, idade, tipos de distúrbios e assistência prestada aos portadores. Foi realizada uma abordagem quantitativa através de uma adaptação do questionário Self Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ - 20, em que foram entrevistadas assistentes sociais de três hospitais psiquiátricos da Região Metropolitana do Recife (RMR - Hospital Psiquiátrico Ulysses Pernambucano, Núcleo de Atenção Psicossocial de Pernambuco (NAPPE e Hospital Colônia Aucides Codiceira. O resultado mostrou uma maior incidência dos transtornos nas mulheres, entre a faixa etária de 41 - 60 anos, destacando-se a esquizofrenia como o principal tipo de patologia dentre as encontradas. Entre os diversos tratamentos oferecidos, prevalecem as terapias medicamentosas, em grupo e individual, estas apresentando melhor resultado.Mental health is a state of well-being, in which the individual is aware of its capacities, capable of coping with the ordinary stress of everyday life, of working productively and of functioning in society. The purpose of the present work is a quantitative analysis of the prevalence of psychic disorders, using references such as sex, age, kind of disorder and care delivered to the carriers. Social assistants of three psychiatric hospitals of the Metropolitan Region of Recife - the Psychiatric Hospital Ulysses Pernambucano, the Nucleus for Psychosocial Care of Pernambuco (NAPPE and the Hospital Colony Alcides Codeceira - answered an adapted version of the Self Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20. The results showed a higher incidence of disorders in women in the age group between 41 and 60 years. Schizophrenia was

  8. A list of mosquito species of the Brazilian State of Pernambuco, including the first report of Haemagogus janthinomys (Diptera: Culicidae, yellow fever vector and 14 other species (Diptera: Culicidae Lista de espécies de mosquitos do Estado de Pernambuco e primeiro relato de Haemagogus janthinomys (Diptera: Culicidae vetor de febre amarela silvestre e outras 14 espécies (Diptera: Culicidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nádia Consuelo Aragão

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Besides mosquito species adapted to urban environments (Culex quinquefasciatus, Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus, only 15 species of Anopheles had been recorded in the State of Pernambuco. METHODS: Human-landing mosquitoes were collected in Dois Irmãos Park, in Recife. RESULTS: The first report for the state of Haemagogus janthinomys, an important vector of yellow fever virus, and 14 other species, including Trichoprosopon lampropus, a first reported for Brazil. CONCLUSIONS: The mosquito fauna in the area is diversified and has potential medical and veterinary importance.INTRODUÇÃO: Além de mosquitos adaptados ao ambiente urbano (Culex quinquefasciatus, Aedes aegypti e Ae. albopictus, apenas 15 espécies de Anopheles haviam sido relatadas no Estado de Pernambuco. MÉTODOS: Mosquitos que pousavam em humanos no Parque Dois Irmãos, em Recife foram coletados. RESULTADOS: Haemagogus janthinomys, importante vetor de vírus de febre amarela, e outras 14 espécies são relatadas pela primeira vez no estado, incluindo Trichoprosopon lampropus, relatado pela primeira vez no Brasil. CONCLUSÕES: A fauna de mosquitos na área é muito diversificada e tem potencial importância médica e veterinária.

  9. A list of mosquito species of the Brazilian State of Pernambuco, including the first report of Haemagogus janthinomys (Diptera: Culicidae), yellow fever vector and 14 other species (Diptera: Culicidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aragão, Nádia Consuelo; Müller, Gerson Azulim; Balbino, Valdir Queiroz; Costa Junior, César Raimundo Lima; Figueirêdo Júnior, Carlos Santiago; Alencar, Jerônimo; Marcondes, Carlos Brisola

    2010-01-01

    Besides mosquito species adapted to urban environments (Culex quinquefasciatus, Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus), only 15 species of Anopheles had been recorded in the State of Pernambuco. Human-landing mosquitoes were collected in Dois Irmãos Park, in Recife. The first report for the state of Haemagogus janthinomys, an important vector of yellow fever virus, and 14 other species, including Trichoprosopon lampropus, a first reported for Brazil. The mosquito fauna in the area is diversified and has potential medical and veterinary importance.

  10. Obstetrical nurse development at Universidade de Pernambuco, Brazil: a 35-year history Formación de la enfermera obstétrica en la Universidad de Pernambuco- Brasil: 35 años de historia Formação da enfermeira obstetra na Universidade de Pernambuco, Brasil: 35 anos de história

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arabela Antônia Nery de Melo Costa

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Aiming at presenting the social, professional, legal and educational contexts which have founded the curriculum reforms in the Obstetrical Nursing major and specialization, the 35-year teaching history, experienced in the Nossa Senhora das Graças Nursing School of the Universidade de Pernambuco, in the city of Recife, Brazil, built based on documental analysis. The syllabuses of four reformulations performed in the Obstetrical Nursing major and two syllabuses of specialization courses in the same area, with explanation of the guiding framework of the reformulations concerned with humanized attention towards labor and birth. The historical evolution of this experience demonstrates how the university can build the social awareness role in the faculty, which can improve life quality of puerperae and their children, awarding them the right to perform their citizenship.Con el objetivo de presentar los contextos social, profesional, legal y educativo que sirvieron de base para las reformas curriculares en la habilitación y especialización en Enfermería Obstétrica, se relata la historia de 35 años de enseñanza, vivenciados en la Facultad de Enfermería Nuestra Señora de las Gracias de la Universidad de Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco - Brasil, construída teniendo como base el análisis documental. Son presentados los planes curriculares de cuatro reformulaciones realizadas en la habilitación de la Enfermería Obstétrica y dos planes curriculares de los cursos de especialización en la misma área, explicándose la conyuntura que orientaron esas reformulaciones en dirección a una atención humanizada del parto y nacimiento. La evolución histórica de esa experiencia viene a demostrar cómo puede la Universidad formar en el cuerpo docente la conciencia social de su papel en la mejora de la calidad de vida de gestantes y conceptos, rescatándoles el derecho al ejercicio de la ciudadanía en ese aspecto.Com o objetivo de apresentar os contextos

  11. Trombose venosa profunda e sua relação com trombofilias e neoplasias: estudo retrospectivo Deep venous thrombosis and its relationship with thrombophilias and malignancies: retrospective study

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    Ana Vieira Baptista

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Objectivos: Avaliação dos resultados obtidos através dos protocolos instituídos no Serviço para despiste de trombofilias e/ou neoplasias em doentes internados ao longo de 5 anos com o diagnóstico de trombose venosa profunda (TVP. Material e métodos: Estudo retrospectivo, através da consulta dos processos hospitalares, de todos os doentes com idade igual ou inferior a 50 anos internados no Serviço entre 01 de Janeiro de 2006 e 31 de Dezembro de 2010 com esse diagnóstico, e análise dos resultados obtidos nos protocolos. Resultados: De um total de 89 doentes, 64 (71,9% eram do sexo feminino e 25 (28,1% do masculino, sendo a média de idades de 33,3 ±10,0 anos. 14,6% dos doentes já haviam tido, pelo menos, um episódio prévio de TVP e 78,7% apresentavam, pelo menos, um factor de risco. Em 65 doentes (73,0% foi aplicado o protocolo de despiste de trombofilias e de neoplasias, tendo sido detectadas trombofilias congénitas em 41 doentes (63,1%, dois casos de síndrome dos anticorpos anti-fosfolipídicos (SAF, um caso de gamapatia monoclonal, um de neoplasia do pulmão e um de cordoma do sacro. 49 dos doentes que realizaram os protocolos (75,4% foram orientados para a Consulta de Hematologia, sendo que em 40 deles (81,6% foi sugerido manter a anticoagulação oral por um período superior a 12 meses. Conclusões: Dada a elevada prevalência de polimorfismos genéticos que conferem risco trombótico acrescido e os não raros casos de SAF e de neoplasias ocultas presentes nesta população de doentes, considera-se que, apesar dos elevados custos, se deverá continuar a fazer o despiste deste tipo de patologias.Objectives: Evaluation of the results obtained with the application of specific protocols established in the Department for screening for thrombophilia and malignancy in patients hospitalized during a period of five years with the diagnosis of deep venous thrombosis (DVT. Material and methods: A retrospective study was performed

  12. Fatores associados à automedicação em dor de dente: análise a partir dos profissionais dos estabelecimentos farmacêuticos da cidade do Recife, PE Factors associated with self-medication for toothache: analysis using pharmacy personnel in the city of Recife, PE

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    Rafaella Arcoverde Silva

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo pretende descrever os fatores associados à automedicação relacionada à dor de dente na cidade do Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil. O desenho do estudo foi do tipo transversal. A amostra foi selecionada através de sorteio aleatório das farmácias cadastradas no Conselho Regional de Farmácia de Pernambuco e distribuída nos Distritos Sanitários. Foi analisado o nível de conhecimento dos profissionais de farmácias sobre a automedicação relacionada à dor de dente. Foram entrevistados 179 profissionais em 120 estabelecimentos visitados. Os dados foram coletados através de questionário. Como resultado, 67,0% dos entrevistados atenderam pessoas que relataram dor facial nos últimos seis meses, e uma freqüência de 91,6% relataram dor de dente; 83,7% homens e 73,3% mulheres indicaram medicamentos sem prescrição; profissionais com 2º grau indicam mais medicamentos sem prescrição para pacientes com dor de dente (48,6%. Concluiu-se que é comum a procura de medicamentos sem prescrição para dor de modo geral, entre estas a dor de dente. O impacto da dor de dente na utilização de medicamentos reforça a necessidade de informar a população sobre o uso adequado destes medicamentos.This paper aims to describe the factors associated with self-medication related to toothache in the city of Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil. The investigation was designed as a cross-sectional study. The sample was random selected among the pharmacies registered in the Regional Pharmacy Council of Pernambuco and distributed over the Health Districts. The level of knowledge of the pharmacy personnel about self-medication related to toothache was analyzed. One hundred and seventy nine professionals from 120 establishments were interviewed. The data were collected by means of a questionnaire. According to the results, 67.0% of the interviewees had attended individuals relating orofacial pain in the last six months, among them 91.6% relating toothache; 83

  13. [Violence clusters in Pernambuco, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Lima, Maria Luiza C; Ximenes, Ricardo A de A; Feitosa, Carlos Luna; de Souza, Edinilsa Ramos; de Albuquerque, Maria de Fátima P Militão; Barros, Maria Dilma de Alencar; de Souza, Wayner Vieira; Lapa, Tiago Maria

    2005-08-01

    To analyze the spatial distribution of homicide mortality rates among males 15 to 49 years old in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil, for the periods of 1980 to 1984 and 1995 to 1998, and to identify violence clusters. Mortality data were obtained from the Brazilian Ministry of Health's Mortality Information System. The mean homicide mortality rate was estimated for each municipality in the state for the two periods. The Moran coefficient was calculated to determine spatial autocorrelation. (The Moran coefficient ranges from -1 to +1, with a positive coefficient indicating a cluster of similar values, and a negative coefficient indicating adjacent dissimilar values.) To identify clusters of municipalities with either high or low homicide mortality rates, the local indicator of spatial association (LISA) was used. Finally, a Moran map was constructed to identify municipalities with statistically significant LISA values and to identify clusters of municipalities with either high or low homicide mortality rates. The Moran coefficient for 1980-1984 was 0.392, and for 1995-1998 it was 0.291 (P Maconha). This study suggests that the violence clusters are not the result of the socioeconomic conditions per se, but rather the consequence of the interaction between poor economic conditions and drug trafficking.

  14. Pediatric epidemiological aspects of scorpionism and report on fatal cases from Tityus stigmurus stings (Scorpiones: Buthidae) in State of Pernambuco, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albuquerque, Cleide Maria Ribeiro de; Santana Neto, Pedro de Lima; Amorim, Maria Lucineide Porto; Pires, Sofia Campos Vidal

    2013-01-01

    Envenomation by scorpion stings is a major public health problem in numerous tropical countries because of its frequent incidence and potential severity. Approximately 1,900 species of scorpions are known in the world, and at least 130 of these have been described in Brazil. This work reports on 3 child deaths caused by Tityus stigmurus stings and characterizes epidemiological and clinical surveys on pediatric cases of scorpionism recorded in the Centro de Assistência Toxicológica de Pernambuco (Ceatox-PE). Scorpion stings accounted for more than 60% of all cases recorded for venomous animals. The children were from 37 cities of the State of Pernambuco and accounted for 28.8% of the victims treated for scorpion stings, with the highest incidence in the metropolitan area of Recife. Stings occurred throughout the year and slightly increased during the rainy season. Independent of the elapsed time for a prognosis, most cases showed mild symptoms. Three moderate cases that resulted in death featured cardiogenic shock and/or pulmonary edema or severe neurological symptoms. For the fi rst time, death attributed to T. stigmurus was confirmed by the presence of the scorpion. These results suggest that scorpionism in Pernambuco is a public health problem that needs to be monitored carefully throughout the year by the government.

  15. Sedimentation rate and {sup 210}Pb sediment dating at Apipucos reservoir, Recife, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Figueiredo, Marcela D.C. de; Silva, Danubia B. da; Cunha, Manuela S. da; Rodrigues, Kelia R.G.; Pedroza, Eryka H.; Melo, Roberto T. de; Oliveira, Aristides; Hazin, Clovis A.; Souza, Vivianne L.B. de, E-mail: rtmelo@cnen.gov.b, E-mail: chazin@cnen.gov.b, E-mail: vlsouza@cnen.gov.b [Centro Regional de Ciencias Nucleares (CRCN-NE/CNEN-PE), Recife, PE (Brazil)

    2011-07-01

    The Apipucos Reservoir is located in Recife, State of Pernambuco, and, several districts of the metropolitan area use this reservoir to dispose waste and sewage. Dating sediments uses {sup 210}Pb from the atmosphere which is formed as a result of {sup 222}Rn emanation from the soil. Atmospheric lead, carried by rain, is called non-supported {sup 21}'0Pb, to differentiate it from the one contained in the sediment, in balance with the {sup 226}Ra. The model chosen for dating sediments depends on certain conditions: in an environment where the amount of sediment influx can vary, the constant rate of supply model is adopted. On the other hand, in environments where the sedimentation rate is constant and the sediment can be considered to have a constant initial concentration of unsupported {sup 210}Pb and the (CIC) model is applied. A 70-cm long, 5-cm internal-diameter wide core was collected for sediment dating. Each core was sliced, into 5 or 10 cm intervals. Samples were dried at 105 deg C, and about 5 g dry material from each sample was dissolved with acids. The {sup 210}Pb and {sup 226}Ra contents were separated and determined by beta and alpha counting by using a gas-flow proportional counter. Sediment ages were calculated by the two models, and for the second and fourth sampling points, both models could be used. The results showed an increase in sedimentation rate over the last 50 - 60 years. We can conclude that the top sediment layer is dated from 30 years ago. We can also conclude that the CRS is the best applicable model to use in this area. (author)

  16. Radiometric evaluation of granite tables in environment public in the city of Recife-PE, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rocha, Edilson A.; Amaral, Romilton dos S.; Santos Junior, Jose A. dos; Bezerra, Jairo D., E-mail: accioly.edilson@ufpe.b, E-mail: romilton@ufpe.b, E-mail: jaraujo@ufpe.b, E-mail: jairo.dias@ufpe.b [Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (RAE/DEN/UFPE), Recife, PE (Brazil). Dept. de Energia Nuclear. Grupo de Radioecologia

    2011-07-01

    Granite in Pernambuco has been used as raw-material in several utensils, amongst which, furniture and decoration objects. This granite, besides being traded internally, is also exported to Asia and Europe. Differentiated content of some radionuclides of the ({sup 238}U and {sup 232}Th) and {sup 40}K natural series above average content of other rocks is also commonly found, due to its origin and geological formation. The gamma radiation stems from the decay of the given series, followed by the {sup 40}K, and it should not exceed the 1 mSv.y{sup -1} limit per person of the public, according to the current radiological protection rules (ICRP, 60). This work aimed to radiometrically assess the granite tables used by the public of a well visited restaurant in the city of Recife. It is expected to contribute to the environmental monitoring and to assess the possible health risks for humans. The tables were monitored for a period of about one year. Dosimetric tablets of CaSO{sub 4}:Dy were used. The findings showed doses ranges from the background to 4.7 mSv.y{sup -1}, with general average of dose rate equal to 3.0 mSv.y{sup -1}. Therefore, it was concluded that despite the average dose rates in the different granite objects studied being higher than the recommended rate, the exposure does not offer risks to their users, due to the contact time (meal time) and the levels of radioactive emission found. (author)

  17. Consumo alimentar de macro e micronutrientes de crianças menores de cinco anos no Estado de Pernambuco, Brasil Dietary intake of macro and micronutrients by children under five years of age in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristianne Martins Ferreira Fidelis

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: analisar o consumo alimentar de macro e micronutrientes, com base na Dietary Reference Intakes, das crianças menores de cinco anos do Estado de Pernambuco, considerando três áreas geográficas: Região Metropolitana do Recife, Interior Urbano e Interior Rural. MÉTODOS: a amostra constitui-se de 948 crianças menores de cinco anos de idade, com representatividade para o Estado de Pernambuco e suas três áreas geográficas. O consumo alimentar foi registrado mediante o recordatório de 24 horas e foram analisadas as medianas e prevalências de inadequação dos macro e micronutrientes de acordo com as Dietary Reference Intakes. RESULTADOS: o déficit de energia e micronutrientes mostrou-se prevalente nas crianças, em todas as faixas etárias e áreas geográficas; entretanto, o consumo de proteínas apresentou-se acima dos valores de referência. A prevalência de inadequação dos micronutrientes foi elevada, principalmente de ferro e zinco, nas crianças acima de 12 meses de idade. Os resultados no Interior Rural foram os mais baixos para todos os nutrientes analisados. CONCLUSÕES: o consumo alimentar das crianças do Estado de Pernambuco demonstrou déficit de energia, de macro e micronutrientes. Espera-se que estes resultados possam servir como subsídios para implementação de políticas de nutrição e alimentação no Estado, visando prevenir os principais distúrbios nutricionais em menores de cinco anos.OBJECTIVE: to analyze the food consumption of macro and micronutrients by children under fiver years old in the State of Pernambuco based on the Dietary Reference Intakes, in three geographic areas: Metropolitan Region of Recife, Urban Interior and Rural Interior. METHODS: the sample consisted of 948 children under five years old and was representative for the State of Pernambuco and its three geographic areas. The 24-hour recall method was used to register food consumption. The median and the prevalence of both macro and

  18. Flora vascular e perfil fisionômico de uma restinga no litoral sul de Pernambuco, Brasil Vascular flora and physiognomic profile of an area of restinga vegetation along the southern coast of Pernambuco State, Brazil

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    Simone Santos Lira Silva

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo apresenta um levantamento florístico e a caracterização dos diferentes tipos fisionômicos de uma restinga localizada no município de Tamandaré, em Pernambuco, além de analisar a similaridade de sua flora com outras restingas ao longo do litoral nordestino. Foram identificadas 104 espécies, distribuídas em 88 gêneros e 54 famílias. As famílias que apresentaram um maior número de espécies foram Myrtaceae (sete, Fabaceae e Cyperaceae (seis e Euphorbiaceae (cinco. A área apresentou três tipos fisionômicos distintos: campo aberto não inundável, fruticeto aberto não inundável e floresta aberta não inundável. O campo não inundável é caracterizado pelas seguintes espécies mais representativas: Abildgaardia scirpoides Nees, Borreria verticillata (L. G. Mey., Cuphea flava Spreng. e Cyperus hermaphroditus (Jacq. Standl.; enquanto o fruticeto aberto não inundável com Abarema cochliacarpos (Gomes Barneby & J.W. Grimes, Byrsonima gardneriana Juss., Byrsonima sericea DC., Croton sellowii Baill. e Stigmaphyllon paralias A. Juss. As espécies mais representativas da floresta não inundável foram Andira nitida Mart. ex Benth., Manilkara salzmannii (A. DC. H.J. Lam., Pera glabrata (Schott Poepp. ex Baill., Protium bahianum Daly e Saccoglotis mattogrossensis Malme. A análise de agrupamento mostrou que existem dois grupos florísticos distintos, um grupo formado pelas restingas de Pernambuco (Sirinhaém, Tamandaré e Paiva (Cabo de Santo Agostinho e outro formado pelas restingas de Pernambuco e Alagoas (Boa Viagem - Recife e Maceió.We performed floristic surveys and characterized contiguous but physiognomically different restinga vegetation in Tamandaré municipality, Pernambuco State, and compared these floras with other restinga areas along the northeastern coast of Brazil. A total of 104 species were identified, in 88 genera and 54 families. The families with the most species were: Myrtaceae (seven, Fabaceae and

  19. PARTICIPAÇÃO DOS Staphylococcus spp NA ETIOLOGIA DAS MASTITES EM BOVINOS LEITEIROS NO ESTADO DE PERNAMBUCO (BRASIL

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    Rinaldo Aparecido Mota

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to quantify the occurrence of the bacteria Staphylococcus in the etiology of bovine mastitis in the state of Pernambuco (Brazil. A total of 1,080 samples were collected from 15 farms located in Zona de Mata, Agreste, and Metropolitan Recife Regions of the State of Pernambuco. Milk samples were spread on an agar base enriched with 5% sheep’s blood and incubated at 37ºC, with readings at 24, 48 and 72 hours. The morphological characteristics of the colonies were used to identify the bacteria, as well as the morphostaining chacteristics, using the Gram technique. Biochemical tests were carried out, such as production of free coagulase, DNase, catalysis, acetonin production test, glucose (anaerobiose and manitol (aerobiose and anaerobiose fermentation. Of the 1,080 samples analyzed, 740 (68.5% were positive upon microbiological examination and 340 (31.5% negative. The Staphylococcus bacteria were isolated in 291 (39.3% of the samples. Of these, 170 (58.4% were classified as coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (SCN, 84 (28.9% as Staphylococcus aureus (S.aureus and 37(12.7% as coagulase-positive Staphylococcus (SCP. The results of the present study indicated that Staphylococcus spp has a high participation in the epidemiology of bovine mastitis in the region selected and suggests that medium and long-term training take place to prepare specialists to control and prevent contagious mastitis.

  20. Excesso de peso e inatividade física em crianças moradoras de favelas na região metropolitana do Recife, PE Overweight and physical inactivity in children living in favelas in the metropolitan region of Recife, Brazil

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    João Guilherme Bezerra Alves

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Verificar a frequência de excesso de peso em crianças de favelas na cidade do Recife, PE, e sua associação com inatividade física. MÉTODOS: Foi realizado estudo transversal em duas favelas do Recife (Fragoso e Caranguejo, com população total de 9.315 habitantes, sendo 973 crianças na faixa etária compreendida entre 7 e 10 anos, das quais 733 foram incluídas no estudo. Foram consideradas com sobrepeso e obesidade aquelas crianças com índice de massa corporal acima dos percentis 85 e 95, respectivamente, de acordo com as curvas e as tabelas de percentis do Centro de Controle e Prevenção de Doenças (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. O nível de atividade física foi avaliado através do questionário de atividade física para crianças, aplicado às crianças na presença das mães. Foram consideradas fisicamente ativas as crianças com escore > 3 e sedentárias aquelas com escores OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of overweight and obesity and its association with physical activity levels in children living in favelas in the city of Recife, state of Pernambuco, Brazil. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed with 973 children ranging from 7 to 10 years old, all from two favelas in Recife, Fragoso and Caranguejo (total population of 9,315; of the 973 children assessed, 733 were included in the study. Overweight was defined as body mass index (BMI equal to or above the 85th percentile, and obesity as BMI equal to or above the 95th percentile, using Centers for Disease Control and Prevention growth charts. Physical activity level was assessed by the Physical Activity Questionnaire for Older Children (PAQ-C. Children with scores > 3 were considered active, while those with scores < 3 were considered inactive. RESULTS: Of the 733 children studied, overweight and obesity were observed in 92 (12.6%. There was no statistical association between physical inactivity and sex, income, maternal schooling, number of

  1. Epidemiological study of penile cancer in Pernambuco: experience of two reference centers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Couto, Thiago Costa do; Arruda, Rodrigo Medeiros Barbosa; Couto, Moisés Costa do; Barros, Felipe Dubourcq

    2014-01-01

    To investigate and analyze the epidemiological profile of penile cancer in the state of Pernambuco and compare this information with other studies related to the issue. We conducted a retrospective, observational and descriptive study of all patients with penile cancer in two reference centers in Pernambuco - Brazil, from 2007 to 2012. The variables studied were: age, region from the state, socio-economic situation, previous postectomy, smoking, time from the beginning of injury to diagnosis, staging of the primary lesion, tumor differentiation, treatment performed and death due to cancer. The total number of patients was 88. The highest prevalence was seen in those aged between 66 and 75 years. About the socio-economic situation, 67% worked informally and 64.8% received up to two minimum wages. Of all patients, 57% were married and 50% illiterate. The Metropolitan Region of Recife was the one with the highest number of cases, 41%. Tobacco smoking was reported in 48.9% of cases and prior postectomy in 3.4%. Most often it was observed an average period of six months from the onset of symptoms to diagnosis. And when the lesion was diagnosed, it usually had 2 to 5 cm (64.7%), stage T2 in 50% and well differentiated in 79.6%. Partial penectomy was performed in 76.1% and total in 17%. Death was observed in 27.3%. The clinical profile and epidemiological characteristics found in this study are similar to other national and international studies related to the issue, i.e., typical of underdeveloped or developing countries.

  2. Microcephaly in Infants, Pernambuco State, Brazil, 2015.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-01

    We studied the clinical characteristics for 104 infants born with microcephaly in the delivery hospitals of Pernambuco State, Brazil, during 2015. Testing is ongoing to exclude known infectious causes. However, microcephaly peaked in October and demonstrated central nervous system abnormalities with brain dysgenesis and intracranial calcifications consistent with an intrauterine infection.

  3. CLERGY AND CROWN IN PERNAMBUCO CAPITANIA

    OpenAIRE

    Virgínia Almoêdo de Assis

    1996-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to analyze the relations between the Catholic Church and the Portuguese absolutist state within the scope of the Captaincy of Pernambuco, seeking to reveal the contradictions contained in the bulge of these relations and their repercussion in the colonial daily life.

  4. O MODELO SEBAL PARA ESTUDOS DE CLIMA INTRAURBANO: APLICAÇÃO EM RECIFE, PERNAMBUCO, BRASIL - THE SEBAL MODEL FOR CLIMATE INTRA-URBAN STUDIES: APPLICATION IN RECIFE, PERNAMBUCO, BRAZIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elvis Bergue Mariz Moreira

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available O conhecimento dos componentes do balanço de energia em áreas urbanas é de grande importância para os estudos do clima urbano, principalmente quando estas são objeto de análise espacial. O objetivo deste estudo é adaptar o modelo SEBAL (comumente utilizado para fins agroclimatológicos em um ambiente intraurbano, possibilitando análises de componentes microclimáticas com metodologia de baixo custo, através de dados de sensores remotos. A fim de alcançar este objetivo, seis imagens do satélite Landsat 5 TM, entre os anos de 1998 a 2011, foram processadas. Densidade dos fluxos de calor sensível e latente foram calculadas usando o algoritmo SEBAL. De acordo com os resultados, o elevado percentual de superfícies impermeáveis e a distribuição espacial reduzida de áreas verdes modificam as trocas entre os fluxos de radiação, proporcionando assim altos níveis de fluxos de energia disponíveis para o aumento da temperatura do ar. A este respeito, o setor oriental se destaca por seus valores de magnitude mais altas, entre 216 e 425 Wm-2. A área Sul produziu alguns valores em excesso de 426 Wm-2. O fluxo de calor latente (LE apresentou diminuição da distribuição espacial; sendo concentrada em áreas protegidas designadas e corpos d'água com valores superiores a 431 Wm-2. Torna-se evidente que os padrões intensivos de uso da terra não coincidem com planejamento adequado e refletem sobre a qualidade de vida da população. ABSTRACT The knowledge of the components of the energy balance in urban areas is of relevant to the studies of the urban climate, mainly when those are subject to spatial analysis. The objective of this study is to adapt the SEBAL - Surface Energy Balance Algorithm for Land model (commonly used to agroclimatic purposes in a intra-urban environment, enabling analysis of microclimate components with low cost methodology through remote sensing data. In order to accomplish this goal, six satellite Landsat 5 TM images, between the sequential days of the years 1998 to 2011 were processed. Sensible and latent heat fluxes density were calculated using the SEBAL algorithm. According to the results, the high percentage of impervious surfaces and the reduced spatial distribution of green areas alter the exchanges among radiation fluxes, thus providing high levels of available energy fluxes for increasing air temperature. In this regard, the eastern sector stands out for its higher magnitude values, between 216 and 425 W m-². The South area yielded some values in excess of 426 W m-². Latent heat flux (LE exhibited reduced spatial distribution; being concentrated in designated protected areas and water bodies with values higher than 431 W m-². It becomes evident that intensive land use patterns not matched by adequate planning reflect upon the quality of life of the population.

  5. Pesquisa de marcadores de trombofilia em eventos trombóticos arteriais e venosos: registro de 6 anos de investigação Research on thrombophilic factors in arterial and venous thrombotic events: a 6-year investigation register

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Arêas Marques

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available CONTEXTO: Os autores apresentam uma análise epidemiológica sobre a investigação de marcadores de trombofilia em pacientes que apresentaram eventos trombóticos arteriais e/ou venosos acompanhados no Departamento de Angiologia e de Cirurgia Vascular do CENTERVASC no período de janeiro de 2001 a janeiro de 2007. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a prevalência de marcadores de trombofilias congênitas ou adquiridas nos eventos trombóticos venosos e/ou arteriais. MÉTODOS: Entre janeiro de 2001 e janeiro de 2007, 224 pacientes com eventos trombóticos venosos e/ou arteriais foram submetidos a uma rotina de investigação quanto à presença ou não de marcadores de trombofilia, independentemente da idade e história familiar dos pacientes, topografia do evento e presença ou ausência de fatores trombogênicos extrínsecos. RESULTADOS: Foram detectados marcadores de trombofilia em 112 pacientes (50% dos casos. Nestes, observou-se de modo predominante a positividade para anticorpos antifosfolipídios, anticardiolipina e/ou anticoagulante lúpico (39 casos, bem como a presença do fator V de Leiden (43 casos. O sistema venoso foi significativamente o mais acometido, e a ocorrência associada com condições trombogênicas extrínsecas esteve presente em 56 (50% dos portadores de marcadores de trombofilias. CONCLUSÕES: A presença de marcadores de trombofilia nos pacientes com eventos trombóticos, venosos e/ou arteriais, independentemente da faixa etária ou da existência de fatores extrínsecos associados, foi significativa.BACKGROUND: Authors report an epidemiological analysis of the investigation on thrombophilic factors in patients presenting with arterial and/or venous thrombotic events followed at the Angiology and Vascular Surgery Department at CENTERVASC, from January 2001 to January 2007. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of congenital or acquired thrombophilic markers in venous and/or arterial thrombotic events. METHODS: From January 2001 to

  6. Análisis de la trombofilia hereditaria: contribución de factores genéticos en la predisposición al tromboembolismo venoso en la población española.

    OpenAIRE

    Tirado Garcia, Ma. Isabel

    2004-01-01

    [spa] La trombosis es una de las causas más frecuentes de morbilidad y mortalidad en las sociedades desarrolladas. Se estima una prevalencia de un 5-10% para trombosis venosa profunda (TV). La trombofilia es una enfermedad multifactorial y compleja en la que interactúan múltiples genes entre sí y a la vez con factores ambientales. Han sido descritos algunos factores de riesgo genéticos bien caracterizados que incrementan el riesgo de trombosis: deficiencia de Antitrombina (AT), deficiencia de...

  7. Análisis de la trombofilia hereditaria: contribución de factores genéticos en la predisposición al tromboembolismo venoso en la población española.

    OpenAIRE

    Tirado Garcia, Mª Isabel

    2004-01-01

    La trombosis es una de las causas más frecuentes de morbilidad y mortalidad en las sociedades desarrolladas. Se estima una prevalencia de un 5-10% para trombosis venosa profunda (TV). La trombofilia es una enfermedad multifactorial y compleja en la que interactúan múltiples genes entre sí y a la vez con factores ambientales. Han sido descritos algunos factores de riesgo genéticos bien caracterizados que incrementan el riesgo de trombosis: deficiencia de Antitrombina (AT), deficiencia de Prote...

  8. Sociodemographic, clinical and epidemiological aspects of Tuberculosis treatment abandonment in Pernambuco, Brazil, 2001-2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soares, Marcelo Luiz Medeiros; Amaral, Nathália Alves Castro do; Zacarias, Amanda Correia Paes; Ribeiro, Leila Karina de Novaes Pires

    2017-01-01

    to describe abandonment rates according to sociodemographic, clinical and epidemiological characteristics of new tuberculosis cases being treated in Pernambuco State, Brazil. this is a descriptive ecological study using data from the Information System for Notifiable Diseases from 2001 to 2014; the abandonment rate was calculated by the Regional Administration on Health (GERES). of the 57,015 new cases, 6,474 (11.3%) abandoned treatment, although abandonment decreased from 16.4% (2001) to 9.3% (2014); the abandonment rate in GERES I Recife, III Palmares, IV Caruaru, VIII Petrolina and IX Ouricuri was still >5% in 2014; the rate was higher in males (11.9%), people aged 20-39 (12.7%), people with incomplete elementary school (12.1%), black-skinned people (13.7%), institutionalized people (12.5%) and those with pulmonary + extrapulmonary tuberculosis (14.1%). despite the decrease, the abandonment rate remained high; males, adults with low education level, black-skinned people, institutionalized patients and patients with pulmonary + extrapulmonary tuberculosis seemed more prone to abandoning treatment.

  9. Radiometric research in soils cultivated with sugar cane in Pernambuco - Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santos Junior, Otavio P. dos; Santos Junior, Jose A. dos; Amaral, Romilton dos S.; Menezes, Romulo S.C.; Santos, Josineide M.N. dos; Silva, Arykerne N.C. da; Fernandez, Zahily H.; Rojas, Lino A.V.; Damascena, Kennedy F.R.; Silva, Rafael R.; Milan, Marvic O., E-mail: rodriguesrs19@gmail.com, E-mail: otavio.santos@vitoria.ifpe.edu.br, E-mail: lino.valcarcel@ufpe.br [Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, PE (Brazil). Departamento de Energia Nuclear; Instituto Federal de Educacao, Ciencia e Tecnologia de Pernambuco (IFPE), Vitoria de Santo Antao, PE (Brazil); Centro de Aplicaciones Tecnologicas y Desarrollo Nuclear, La Habana (Cuba); Instituto Superior de Tecnologias y Ciencias Aplicadas Quinta de los Molinos, La Habana (Cuba)

    2017-11-01

    The state of Pernambuco is representative of Northeastern Brazil, with respect to the variability of climatic conditions, soil types, soil cover, as well as land use. The state is subdivided into five regions: Recife Metropolitan Region, Sao Francisco, Sertao, Agreste and Zona da Mata (Atlantic Forest Region). Each region presents peculiar climatic and economic activities. The Atlantic Forest region, the focus of this study, presents a humid tropical climate and is characterized by large farms and the monoculture of sugarcane. In this scenario, a radioecological investigation was carried out to determine the radiometric potential from the analysis of forty-five soil samples, collected in five soil profiles, to a depth of 60 cm. A non-destructive method was adopted for the radiometric analysis, using High- Resolution Gamma Spectrometry with an HPGe-Be type detector. This method allowed the determination of specific activities of U-238, Th-232 and K-40 in the soil samples. The results will be used as a basis for the determination of a reference value for the natural radioactivity of these soils, to predict the existence of possible environmental impacts resulting from their use for the cultivation of sugar cane, as well as to contribute to guarantee the safety of food crops cultivated in this region. (author)

  10. [Risks scenarios frameworks in the context of an oil refinery installation at Pernambuco State].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gurgel, Aline do Monte; Medeiros, Ana Catarina Leite Veras; Alves, Paloma Corrêa; Silva, José Marcos da; Gurgel, Idê Gomes Dantas; Augusto, Lia Giraldo da Silva

    2009-01-01

    The magnitude of the environmental and social problems due to urbanization, industrialization and exhaustion of natural resources has shown an increase in the impact on health and environment. Paradoxically, the consumption patterns demand for the expansion in the industrial production based on the exploitation of the non-renewable resources, which technological risks, especially from the petrochemical industry, have put difficulties on the risk control and health surveillance. The petroleum refining is an activity potentially damageable to the environment and human health, particularly to workers. The main objective of this study was to characterize the scenarios of risk to environmental health due to an oil refinery installation in the Metropolitan Region of Recife (Pernambuco). Based on secondary data and literature review, a Social Reproduction Matrix was made contextualizing the problems in the biological, consciousness and conduct, economic, policy and ecological dimensions, enabling to presume the risks to support the health surveillance development and organization in the state, with intersectoriality, social participation, and able to intervene on risks and prevent diseases among the workers and people in the territory.

  11. Sedimentation rate at Olho d'agua Lagoon in Pernambuco State, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Valentim, Eliane; Hazin, Clovis A.; Khoury, Helen J.; Lima, Ricardo A.

    1997-01-01

    The study of the dynamic of sediments in coastal estaurine areas has attracted rthe attenition of a great number of scientists, due to its role in determining the impact of human activities on the ecosystem. A knowledge of the rate at which sediments have been accumulating can be a useful parameter in quantifying the amount of polltuants that reach the marine environment. This study had thge objective of determining the sediment accumulation rate at the Olho D'agua Lagoon, located at the Jabotao dos Guararapes District, in the metropolitan region of Recife, the capital of the State of Pernambuco -Brazil. This lagoon was selected by the Brazilian government to benefit from the Habitat II Program, which is sponsored by the United Nations Organization. Sedimentation rates were estimated by measuring the vertical distribution of 210 Pb in sediment cores collected in two different areas of the lagoon. The determination of the 210 Pb content was based upon the measurement of its descendent 210 Po which was deposited in a cooper disk. The results indicated rates of accumulation of 0.6 cm/year and 1.5 cm/year at points near the Olho D'agua and Setubal channels, respectively. These channels are important conveyors of sediments to this estuary. (author). 5 refs., 5 figs., 2 tabs

  12. Encephalitis associated with inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion due to chikungunya infection in Recife, State of Pernambuco, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lucena-Silva, Norma; Assunção, Maria Elisa Lucena Sales de Melo; Ramos, Frederico Antônio Pereira; Azevedo, Fernanda; Lessa, Ronaldo; Cordeiro, Marli Tenório; Brito, Carlos Alexandre Antunes de

    2017-01-01

    The symptoms of chikungunya virus (CHIKV) infection include fever, headache, muscle aches, skin rash, and polyarthralgia, characterized by intense pain, edema, and temporary functional impairment. This is the first report of encephalitis caused by CHIKV infection associated with an atypical presentation of syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion, evolving to cognitive impairment and apraxia of speech.

  13. Encephalitis associated with inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion due to chikungunya infection in Recife, State of Pernambuco, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norma Lucena-Silva

    Full Text Available Abstract The symptoms of chikungunya virus (CHIKV infection include fever, headache, muscle aches, skin rash, and polyarthralgia, characterized by intense pain, edema, and temporary functional impairment. This is the first report of encephalitis caused by CHIKV infection associated with an atypical presentation of syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion, evolving to cognitive impairment and apraxia of speech.

  14. Avaliação da conduta dos odontopediatras de Recife com relação ao abuso infantil =Evaluation of pediatric dentist’s attitudes towards the child abuse in Recife

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cabral, Hilda Moreira

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Introdução: O abuso infantil constitui um problema de saúde pública, devido à sua magnitude e aos danos físicos e psicológicos que causa. A intervenção precoce nestes casos é de fundamental importância, sendo o diagnóstico o primeiro passo. O cirurgião-dentista, em particular o odontopediatra, encontra-se em posição privilegiada na identificação de casos suspeitos de abuso, pois, na maioria dos casos, as lesões localizam-se na região de cabeça e pescoço. Objetivo: Avaliação da conduta dos Odontopediatras do Recife (PE diante do abuso infantil. Materiais e método: Os dados foram coletados através de entrevistas por telefone com 70 Odontopediatras inscritos no Conselho Regional de Odontologia de Pernambuco. De acordo com critérios pré-estabelecidos, foram excluídos 19 profissionais: 11 não residentes no Recife; 06 que não estavam atuando como Odontopediatras; 2 que faleceram. Dos 91 profissionais potencialmente participantes desse estudo, 17 não foram encontrados e 04 se recusaram a participar desse estudo. Resultados: A maioria dos Cirurgiões-dentistas entrevistados (72,9% nunca suspeitou de abuso infantil; e dos que suspeitaram de abuso infantil (27,1%, apenas um (5% reportou o caso à Justiça. Quanto às razões atribuídas ao não encaminhamento dos casos suspeitos, a incerteza no diagnóstico (55,5% foi a mais citado. A maioria dos Odontopediatras pesquisados (95,71% considerou o tema abuso infantil importante para a atuação clínica, porém enfatizaram que as informações obtidas na formação acadêmica foram insuficientes. Conclusões: O tema abuso infantil é considerado importante para a maioria dos odontopediatras, contudo a falta de informações a respeito deste é responsável pela não notificação dos casos suspeitos. Introduction: The child abuse is a public health problem, because it’s magnitude, physical and psychological prejudices. The quickly intervention is very important, then the

  15. Ausência de Yersinia enterocolitica em alimentos, e reservatórios animais, em áreas do Estado de Pernambuco, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leal Tereza Cristina Arcanjo

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available Através das análises efetuadas, em 96 amostras de hortaliças cruas, coletadas em 5 restaurantes da cidade do Recife, que servem almoço no peso, não foram encontradas Yersinia enterocolitica nem outras enterobactérias patogênicas. As análises realizadas a partir dos "swabs" orais e retais, obtidos em 15 suínos aparentemente sadios do município de Bonito, no Estado de Pernambuco, também não evidenciaram a presença de Y. enterocolitica. Foram obtidas amostras para análises em 22 roedores e um espécimen de marsupial, entre os quais também não foram encontrados nem Y. enterocolitica nem outros enteropatógenos.

  16. A evolução do grau de inovação de indústrias de transformação da região metropolitana do Recife

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Breno José Burgos Paredes

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Alguns fenômenos vêm influenciando de forma marcante as atividades econômicas do estado de Pernambuco, como a globalização e a recente alocação de grandes indústrias. Neste cenário, às Micro e Pequenas Empresas localizadas na região exercem papel fundamental no desenvolvimento local, devido sua representatividade no fomento à economia. Partindo da necessidade de avaliar o cenário inovativo industrial pernambucano, este estudo mensura a evolução do grau de inovação organizacional de indústrias de transformação localizadas em Recife/PE. Para tanto, aplicou-se o diagnóstico Radar da Inovação em 30 Empresas de Pequeno Porte do setor. Os resultados apontaram que o setor apresenta um comportamento inovador ocasional, obtendo um Grau Médio de Inovação (GMI inferior a 3,0. Dimensões voltadas a relacionamento, processos e ambiência inovadora se destacaram de forma positiva por causa do número de inovações realizadas e da evolução do grau médio de inovação. Abstract: Some phenomena have influenced markedly the economic activities of the state of Pernambuco, as globalization and the recent allocation of large industries. In this scenario, the Micro and Small Enterprises located in the region play a key role in local development, because their representation in stimulating the economy. Starting from the need to evaluate the Pernambuco innovative industrial setting, this study measures the evolution of the degree of organizational innovation in manufacturing industries located in Recife / PE. To this end, we applied the Innovation Radar diagnosis in 30 Small Businesses of the sector. The results showed that the sector presents an innovative casual behavior, providing a Middle Degree of Innovation (GMI below 3.0. Dimensions focused on relationships, processes and innovative ambience stood out positively because of the number of innovations made and the evolution of the average degree of innovation. Keywords: Innovation

  17. Queixas auditivas de disc jockeys da cidade de Recife Auditory complaints in disc jockeys in Recife

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliza Maia de Britto Macedo

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: investigar a ocorrência de queixas auditivas em disc jockeys da cidade de Recife/PE. MÉTODOS: foi realizada uma entrevista com 30 disc jockeys, com idade entre 19 e 28 anos, abordando informações ocupacionais, conhecimentos gerais sobre o ruído e queixas auditivas (diminuição da acuidade auditiva, desconforto a sons intensos, zumbido, sensação de ouvido abafado e otalgia. A análise foi realizada por meio de abordagem quantitativa, utilizando o teste estatístico t-student. RESULTADOS: dentre os dados mais relevantes, destacam-se: 46,7% dos disc jockeys apresentaram, espontaneamente, queixas auditivas, em especial, a diminuição da acuidade auditiva (relatada por todos os sujeitos; 14 disc jockeys (46,67% referiram desconforto a sons intensos e 13 (43,33% mencionaram zumbido. Todos afirmaram ter conhecimento sobre os riscos do ruído para a saúde auditiva, mas 76,7% não realizam qualquer medida preventiva de suas consequências. A perda auditiva foi referida pelos sujeitos como o principal risco da exposição a níveis intensos de pressão sonora. CONCLUSÃO: todos os disc jockeys apresentaram queixa de perda auditiva e, entre as demais queixas auditivas, destacaram-se o desconforto a sons intensos e o zumbido. Tendo em vista a irreversibilidade da perda auditiva induzida por elevados níveis de pressão sonora, os disc jockeys devem ser periodicamente avaliados a fim de que se confirme ou não a perda auditiva de que se queixaram e, caso ela exista, deve ser monitorada para que seja passível de intervenção pelo fonoaudiólogo. Desta forma, percebe-se a necessidade de atuação da Fonoaudiologia junto aos disc jockeys, uma vez que poder-se-á propiciar a otimização do exercício profissional com o mínimo de risco possível.PURPOSE: to investigate the occurrence of auditory complaints in disc jockeys from the city of Recife/PE. METHODS: an interview was carried through with 30 disc jockeys aged between 19 and 48 years

  18. Gastroenteritis humanas associadas a Vibrio parahaemolyticus no Recife, Brasil Vibrio parahaemolyticus associated with human gastroenteritis in Recife, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vera Magalhães

    1991-02-01

    Full Text Available Realizou-se estudo sobre a ocorrência do Vibrio parahaemolyticus em 1.100 fezes diarréicas, enviadas rotineiramente a laboratório clínico privado do Recife, para diagnóstico microbiológico. Isolou-se o V. parahaemolyticus de 14 (1,3% amostras fecais. Entretanto, se nós consideramos apenas os espécimes dos pacientes adultos, a taxa de isolamento do V. parahaemolyticus elevou-se para 7,1%. Na maioria dos casos (92,86%, o V. parahaemolyticus foi o único enteropatógeno reconhecido. Demonstraram-se sete antígenos K entre as cepas isoladas e três não puderam ser sorotipadas. Apenas duas linhagens, ambas ureolíticas, não produziram a toxina direta termoestável. Nós concluímos que o V. parahaemolyticus é importante causa de diarréia do adulto no Recife, em consumidores de frutos do mar.A study was carried out on the occurrence of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in 1.100 diarrheal feces, routinely sent to a private clinical laboratory for microbiologic diagnosis, in Recife. V. parahaemolyticus was isolated from 14 (1.3% fecal samples. However, if we considered only the specimens from adult patients, the isolation rate of V. parahaemolyticus rose to 7.1%. In most cases (92.86%, V. parahaemolyticus was the only enteropathogen recognized. Among the isolates, seven K antigen serovars were demonstrated, and three were untypable. Only two human isolates, both ureolytic, did not produce the thermostable direct hemolysin. We concluded that V. parahaemolyticus is an important cause of sea food linked diarrhea among adults in Recife.

  19. Anemias em crianças de dois serviços de saúde de Recife, PE (Brasil Anemias in children from two health centers in Recife (Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aureni Costa Salzano

    1985-12-01

    Full Text Available Foi estudada a prevalência de anemia em 1.306 crianças, com idade compreendida entre 6 e 60 meses, de duas unidades de saúde, em Recife, PE, (Brasil. Na clientela pediátrica do Centro de Saúde Lessa de Andrade, mantido pelo Governo do Estado, a ocorrência de anemias era quase duas vezes superior à encontrada no Posto de Assistência Médica de Areias, pertencente ao Instituto Nacional de Assistência Médica e Previdência Social (INAMPS. A prevalência de valores baixos de hemoglobina predominava nas crianças abaixo de 2 anos de idade, variando de 41% a 77% nos extratos amostrais distribuídos nesta faixa etária. Além da relação com a idade, observou-se associação estatística entre ocorrência de anemias e estado nutricional definido pela classificação de Gomez e ainda, com a renda "per capita" das famílias das crianças examinadas. O trabalho faz parte de um estudo colaborativo sobre as anemias, em estados do nordeste do Brasil.The prevalence of anemias in preschool children at two health centers in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil, was investigated. A total of 1,306 children, aged 6-60 months, were selected. The prevalence of anemias was almost twice as high in the children at the Health Center Lessa de Andrade, supported by the state government, as that found at the Health Center in Areias, belonging to the Federal Health service (INAMPS. The low hemoglobin levels, which varied from 41 to 77% in the sample of this age group, was found to be higher in children under two years of age. Besides being related to the age, and to the per capita income of the families, of the children under study, a statistical association was detected between anemia and nutritional status assessed by Gomez's classification.

  20. Avaliação da implantação dos Serviços de Verificação de Óbito em Pernambuco, 2012: estudo de casos múltiplos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbara Araújo Silva de Azevedo

    Full Text Available Resumo OBJETIVO: avaliar a implantação dos Serviços de Verificação de Óbito (SVO no estado de Pernambuco, Brasil, em 2012. MÉTODOS: pesquisa avaliativa de análise de implantação; elaborou-se modelo lógico e matriz de julgamento; utilizaram-se dados primários (observação direta e entrevistas e secundários; a avaliação do grau de implantação foi baseada em indicadores de estrutura e processo, relacionados aos resultados e confrontados com o modelo lógico. RESULTADOS: os SVO de Recife e Caruaru alcançaram 89,0% e 82,0% dos valores esperados, respectivamente, e foram considerados como 'Parcialmente Implantado Avançado', de forma coerente com os indicadores de resultado aferidos; os componentes Coleta de Informação e Diagnóstico Nosológico/Etiológico obtiveram grau 'Implantado' nos SVO/Recife e SVO/Caruaru; o componente Ensino e Pesquisa obteve o grau 'Implantado' somente no SVO/Recife. CONCLUSÃO: houve semelhança no grau de implantação nos dois serviços; o maior grau de implantação do componente Ensino e Pesquisa no SVO/Recife revela a importância da cooperação técnico-acadêmica.

  1. Maxillofacial injuries and dental trauma in patients aged 19-80 years, Recife, Brazil Lesiones maxilofaciales y traumatismo dental en pacientes de 19 a 80 años, Recife, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Leite Cavalcanti

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Aim: A retrospective study was undertaken to assess causes of maxillofacial trauma in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil. Method: A review of 186 patients with maxillofacial injuries aged 19 and 83 years old seen and treated at the Hospital da Restauração between January and December 2006 was conducted and were analyzed according to age, sex, etiology, site of fracture, dentoalveolar trauma and alcohol abuse. Analysis was made in Epi Info using the Chi-square and Fisher´s Exact Tests. Results: It was found that maxillofacial injuries were most frequent in males (89.2% and in the 19-28 year age group (46.8%. Traffic accidents/motorcycle (23.7% and physical violence (20.4% were the most common etiological factor. Facial fractures were detected in 90.9% and a statistically significant difference between sex and facial fracture was found (p = 0.000. The most common facial fracture was maxilla (29.1%, followed by the mandible (27.5%. A positive association between the presence of facial fracture and alcohol consumption was observed (p = 0.002. Dentoalveolar trauma was present in 7.5% of patients. Conclusion: The incidence of facial fractures in Brazilian population is similar than previously reported elsewhere. There were most common in male patients, mainly due to traffic accidents/motorcycle and physical violence.Objetivo: Se llevó a cabo un estudio retrospectivo para evaluar las causas de traumatismo maxilofacial en Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil. Método: Se hizo una revisión de 186 pacientes con lesiones maxilofaciales de 19 a 83 años atendidos y tratados en el Hospital da Restauração entre Enero y Diciembre 2006, analizándoles según edad, sexo, etiología, localización de la fractura, traumatismo dentoalveolar y abuso de alcohol. Se llevó a cabo el análisis en Epi Info, utilizando el Chi cuadrado y la prueba exacta de Fisher. Resultados: Resultó que las lesiones maxilofaciales fueron más frecuentes en los hombres (89,2% y en el grupo de edad

  2. Anemias in children from two health centers in Recife (Brazil)

    OpenAIRE

    Salzano, Aureni Costa; Torres, Marco Antonio A.; Batista Filho, Malaquias; Romani, Sylvia de Azevedo Mello

    1985-01-01

    Foi estudada a prevalência de anemia em 1.306 crianças, com idade compreendida entre 6 e 60 meses, de duas unidades de saúde, em Recife, PE, (Brasil). Na clientela pediátrica do Centro de Saúde Lessa de Andrade, mantido pelo Governo do Estado, a ocorrência de anemias era quase duas vezes superior à encontrada no Posto de Assistência Médica de Areias, pertencente ao Instituto Nacional de Assistência Médica e Previdência Social (INAMPS). A prevalência de valores baixos de hemoglobina predominav...

  3. Intra-regional transportation of a tugboat fouling community between the ports of recife and natal, northeast Brazil

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    Cristiane Maria Rocha Farrapeira

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to identify the incrusting and sedentary animals associated with the hull of a tugboat active in the ports of Pernambuco and later loaned to the port of Natal, Rio Grande do Norte. Thus, areas with dense biofouling were scraped and the species then classified in terms of their bioinvasive status for the Brazilian coast. Six were native to Brazil, two were cryptogenic and 16 nonindigenous; nine of the latter were classified as established (Musculus lateralis, Sphenia fragilis, Balanus trigonus, Biflustra savartii, Botrylloides nigrum, Didemnum psammatodes, Herdmania pallida, Microscosmus exasperatus, and Symplegma rubra and three as invasive (Mytilopsis leucophaeta, Amphibalanus reticulatus, and Striatobalanus amaryllis. The presence of M. leucophaeata, Amphibalanus eburneus and A. reticulatus on the boat's hull propitiated their introduction onto the Natal coast. The occurrence of a great number of tunicate species in Natal reflected the port area's benthic diversity and facilitated the inclusion of two bivalves - Musculus lateralis and Sphenia fragilis - found in their siphons and in the interstices between colonies or individuals, respectively. The results show the role of biofouling on boat hulls in the introduction of nonindigenous species and that the port of Recife acts as a source of some species.Este trabalho objetivou identificar os animais incrustantes e sedentários associados ao casco de um rebocador que atuava nos Portos de Pernambuco e foi cedido para o Porto de Natal, Rio Grande do Norte. Áreas com densa bioincrustação foram raspadas e as espécies foram posteriormente classificadas em relação ao status de bioinvasão no litoral brasileiro. Dentre as espécies identificadas, seis eram nativas do Brasil, duas criptogênicas e 16 exóticas. Destas, oito foram classificadas como estabelecidas (Musculus lateralis, Sphenia fragilis, Balanus trigonus, Biflustra savartii, Botrylloides nigrum, Didemnum psammatodes

  4. Diferença sexual e religiosa no currículo de ensino religioso em escolas de Recife

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    Aurenéa Maria de Oliveira

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the results of a post-doctoral research conducted at the Pontifical Catholic University of Parana and funded by Capes (2014-2015. Its main objective was to evaluate the curriculum of the Religious Education discipline (ER, the presence or not of content that addresses sexual and religious differences in state and municipal schools in the city of Recife, state of Pernambuco. To this end, making use of the Discourse Theory (TD, we attempted to find the most relevant hegemonic discourses on the topics researched, seeking the meanings of concepts such as pluralism, citizenship, difference, tolerance, otherness, etc., among our respondents: school administrators, teachers of the discipline, and representatives of the state and municipal departments of education. Discourse Analysis (AD was used as methodology, giving priority to identify the most current ideologies, in the main hegemonic discourses, in the speeches of the respondents surveyed. Results obtained in a total of 11 schools visited show difficulties in dealing with the themes of sexual difference and sexual diversity in religious education classes; difficulties in addressing the issue of religious pluralism involving non-Christian religions, particularly the African-Brazilian ones, which are neglected especially by evangelical teachers of the Pentecostal and neo-Pentecostal lines, who believe these religions present dangerous values and practices and, therefore, are not likely to be discussed in their classes. Este artigo discute os resultados de pesquisa de pós-doutorado, realizada na Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná e financiada pela Capes (2014-2015, cujo objetivo principal foi o de avaliar, no currículo da disciplina de Ensino Religioso (ER, a presença ou não de conteúdos que tratem da diferença sexual e religiosa em escolas estaduais e municipais da cidade de Recife, no Estado de Pernambuco, Brasil. Assim, fazendo uso da Teoria do Discurso (TD

  5. Parasitos de aves e mamíferos silvestres em cativeiro no estado de Pernambuco

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    Pauline Marie de Souza Santos

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Os animais silvestres são hospedeiros de uma grande variedade de parasitos que podem interferir em sua conservação ex situ. O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar os parasitos gastrointestinais (PGI e ectoparasitos dos animais do Centro de Triagem de Animais Silvestres (CETAS do Instituto Brasileiro de Meio Ambiente e Recursos Naturais Renováveis (IBAMA de Recife, Pernambuco, além de determinar os aspectos do manejo em cativeiro que possam estar relacionados com os parasitos identificados. Foram coletados ectoparasitos e amostras fecais de 223 aves e mamíferos, as quais foram processadas pelos métodos: microscopia direta, flutuação e sedimentação. Helmintos e/ou protozoários foram detectados em 91 (40,8% amostras fecais, sendo 64 (70,3% de aves e 27 (29,7% de mamíferos. Ovos de Capillaria sp., Ascaridida, Spirurida e oocistos de Eimeria sp. foram detectados nas amostras fecais das aves, enquanto ovos de Trichuris trichiura, Strongyloides sp., Toxocara canis, Ancylostoma sp., Strongylida e oocistos de Coccídios foram encontrados nas amostras fecais de mamíferos. Os ectoparasitos identificados em aves foram Colpocephalum turbinatum, Kurodaia (Kurodaia fulvofasciata, Halipeurus sp., Naubates sp., Saemundssonia sp., Austromenopon sp., Paragoniocotes sp., Brueelia sp., Myrsidea sp. and Pseudolynchia sp., enquanto em mamíferos os ectoparasitos identificados foram Rhipicephalus sanguineus, Amblyomma varium, A. calcaratum, A. nodosum, Ornithodoros talaje e Ctenocephalides felis felis. A. calcaratum e O. talaje são registrados pela primeira vez em Pernambuco e T. tetradactyla é apresentado como novo hospedeiro de O. talaje. Nenhum dos animais estudados apresentou sinais clínicos em decorrência da infecção/infestação parasitária. Parasitos com potencial zoonótico como T. trichiura, Strongyloides sp., T. canis e Ancylostoma sp. foram identificados em primatas não humanos e carnívoros. Precárias condições estruturais

  6. A survey of radiologic practices in dental installations in Recife

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Santos, M.C.; Asfora, K.; Pinhereiro, J.T.; Khoury, H.J.; Hazing, C.A

    1998-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the operating conditions of the dental x-ray equipment installed in Recife, as well as, evaluate the radioprotection procedures at the dental clinics. The study consisted of: a) visual inspection of the x-ray unit, b) complete registration of the unit's characteristic, i.e. manufacturer, model, age, collimation type,FSD; c) measurement of the kVp, exposure time and surface dose, d) evaluation of the film processing conditions, and e) inspection of the radiation protection items available for the patient and personnel. The results showed that 42% of the inspected units presented fields diameters larger than the limits values than the limits values recommended by either national or international radiation protection organizations. The discrepancy between the present time and the ''true'' irradiation time was higher than 10% in 69% of the cases. The discrepancy between the present and the applied kilovoltage, on the other hand, was higher than 10% in 35% of the inspected units. The majority of the clinics do not have available either lead aprons or collars patients. Films are processed manually without using timers or thermometers. The test made to verify the adequacy of the film processing box showed that 75% of them had poor light filtration capability. In view of the result obtained, it is strongly recommended that a quality control program be implemented in dental radiologic clinics in Recife

  7. Microflora de Bromeliáceas do estado de Pernambuco, Brasil

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    Luis Tavares de Lyra

    1976-01-01

    Full Text Available O autor estudou a microflora de dois gêneros de BROMELIACEAE: Hoenbergia e Portea. As coletas do material foram feitas em seis regiões do Estado de Pernambuco; 1 Região da Mata-Úmida; 2 Região da Mata-Seca; 3 Região do Agreste Central; 4 Região do Agreste Setentrional; 5 Região do Agreste Meridional; 6 Região do Recife. As seguintes diatomáceas indicadoras de águas poluídas (espécies oligossaprobias foram encontradas nas seis regiões estudadas: Gomphonema parvulum (Kutz Grunow., Hantzschia amphioxys Grunow, Pinnularia borealis Ehr., Pinnularia microstauron (Ehr Cleve, gomphonema gracile Ehr., Nitzschia palea Kutz., Melosira roeseana Rabenh., Navicula mutica Kutz., Navicula cryptocephala Kutz., Eunotia pectinalis (Kutz Rabenh. Foram também observadas CHLOROPHYCEAS nas estações chuvosa e seca nas diversas regiões. Algumas são indicadoras de oligossaprobidade: Scenedesmus quadricauda (Turpin brebisson. Chlorococcum sp., Chlorella sp. Os fatores ecológicos e comentários referentes ás diatomáceas foram anotados no texto. A tabela I indica a frequência das diatomáceas nas seis regiões estudadas. Maior número dessas diatomáceas, registramos nas regiões do Agreste. A tabela II mostra a temperatura e pH da água de Hoenbergia e Portea em ambas as estações do ano (inverno e verão. Observamos a ocorrência de larvas de culex em Portea e hoenbergia, entretanto, raramente encontramos larvas de Anopheles. As coletas foram feitas durante as estações chuvosa e seca em Hoenbergia e Portea. Determinamos 35 espécies provenientes de 78 amostras coletadas durante o período de 26 meses.The author studied the microflora from two genera of Bromeliaceae: Hoenbergia and Portea. The material was collected in six natural regions of Pernambuco State: 1 Humid Forest Region; 2 Dry forest region; 3 Central Agreste Region; 4 Setentrional Agreste Region; 5 Meridional Agreste Region; 6 Recife Region. The following diatoms that indicate polluted

  8. Determination of REEs in agricultural soils of Pernambuco by the Neutron Activation Technique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    França, Fernanda Cláudia S.S.; Ticianelli, Regina Beck; Moreira, Edson Gonçalves; Genezini, Frederico Antonio; Albuquerque, Adriana Muniz de Almeida; Silveira, Patrícia Brandão da; Barbosa, Jonnas Thiago de Lima; Almeida, Amanda Correia de; Honorato, Eliane Valentim; Hazin, Clovis Abrahão, E-mail: nanda_lq@hotmail.com, E-mail: valentim@cnen.gov.br, E-mail: emoreira@ipen.br [Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (DEN/UFPE), Recife, PE (Brazil); Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Centro Regional de Ciências Nucleares (CRCN-NE/CNEN-PE), Recife, PE (Brazil)

    2017-11-01

    The indiscriminate use of phosphate fertilizers causes adverse effects on biota, mainly due to the contaminants present in the rocks used in their manufacture. Among these contaminants, stand out the Rare Earth Elements (REEs) because of the significant increase in the use in several technological areas, such as in vehicle catalysts and also in fertilizer enrichment. In order to evaluate the levels of La, Sm, Nd, Yb and Lu by the Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis (INAA), the present study aims to survey the ETRs in agricultural soils in Pernambuco/Brazil. For this study, 120 soil samples with a depth of 20 cm were collected in the main vegetable producing regions of the Metropolitan Region of Recife (RMR), evaluating organic and conventional crops with and without influenced by automotive vehicles. The results obtained when compared to the Netherlands reference values defined by the National Institute of Health and Environment (RIVM). The results were higher in all points for La (35 mg.kg-¹ at 85 mg.kg-¹) Yb, (4 mg.kg-¹ at 11 mg.kg-¹) and Lu (0.3 mg.kg-¹ at 0.7 mg.kg-¹ at 4 mg.kg-¹). For Nd (9 mg.kg-¹ at 137 mg.kg-¹) the concentrations were above the values reported by RIVM in 4 points. Comparing the types of crops evaluated with the literature, the results are found was above for all elements analyzed. It may be related to the increase in the use of phosphate fertilizers. However, in environments using smaller amounts of additives, the results were also significant and the more detailed studies are needed to evaluate other possible contamination pathways. (author)

  9. The relationships of the rift sequence in the Pernambuco sub-basin, Brazil; As relacoes de borda da sequencia rifte na Sub-bacia de Pernambuco, NE do Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sa, Emamuel Ferraz Jardim de; Silva, Fernando Cesar Alves da; Souza, Zorano Sergio de; Antunes, Alex Francisco; Nascimento, Marcos Antonio Leite do; Guedes, Ingred Maria Guimaraes [Rio Grande do Norte Univ., Natal, RN (Brazil). Dept. de Geologia. Programa de Pos-graduacao em Geodinamica e Geofisica]. E-mail: emanuel@ccet.ufrn.br; Lima Filho, Mario Ferreira; Cruz, Liliane Rabelo; Neumann, Virginio Henrique M. Lopes [Rio Grande do Norte Univ., Natal, RN (Brazil). Dept. de Geologia. Programa de Pos-graduacao em Geociencias; Almeida, Camilla Bezerra de; Frutuoso Junior, Luiz Jorge [Rio Grande do Norte Univ., Natal, RN (Brazil). Curso de Geologia

    2003-07-01

    The Pernambuco Sub-basin is one of the exploration frontiers along the eastern brazilian coast. This sub-basin presents an example of an outcropping rift sequence, comprising the Cabo Formation and the Ipojuca Magnetic Suite. A characteristic facies of the Cabo Formation is made up by conglomeratic fans with large blocks and pebbles, adjacent to normal faults along the basin border. These faults display an en echelon arrangement, with oblique/dextral transfer faults occupying the bridge sectors. In the Grande Recife region, or close to the Maragogi High, the Cabo Formation unconformably overlies the Precambrian basement; in this case, the basal sediments are sandstones with variable granulometry, volcanics being absent or very subordinate. Another kind of border relation is observed in the Camela region, where the base of the Cabo Formation (once again dominated by sandstones) is accompanied by an extensional detachment, in which listric antithetic and synthetic faults are rooted. These structures define a NW-Se trending major extension axis, identifying an oblique rift opening along this sector of the continental margin. These data will be integrated in a tectono-stratigraphic model to be used in re-evaluating the oil potential of this basin. (author)

  10. Epidemiological survey of breast and cervical radiotherapy patients in 2008-2010 from the state of Pernambuco, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santos, Mariana L.O.; Cantinha, Rebeca S.; Franca, Elvis J., E-mail: ejfranca@yahoo.com.br, E-mail: marianasantos_ufpe@hotmail.com, E-mail: rebecanuclear@gmail.com [Centro Regional de Ciencias Nucleares do Nordeste (CRCN-NE/CNEN-PE), Recife, PE (Brazil); Oliveira Neto, Aristides M.; Melo, Jonathan A., E-mail: aristidesoliveira466@hotmail.com, E-mail: jonathan@truenet.com.br [Centro de Radioterapia de Pernambuco (CERAPE), Santo Amaro, PE (Brazil); Pessoa, Juanna G.; Melo, Ana M.M.A.; Amancio, Francisco F., E-mail: amdemelo@hotmail.com, E-mail: amanciobike@gmail.com, E-mail: juannapessoa@gmail.com, E-mail: marianasantos_ufpe@hotmail.com [Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, PE (Brazil). Departamento de Biofisica e Radiobiologia

    2014-07-01

    Breast and cervical cancer are, respectively, the second and the third most common cancers that affect the female population. The State of Pernambuco, Brazil, is one of the highest occurrence of both cancers. Radiotherapy is a powerful alternative usually associated to surgery and chemotherapy for cancer treatment. The knowledge of the disease characteristics, as well as the patient profile, contributes for public policy delineation for prevention, treatment and control of breast and cervical cancers. This work investigated the characteristics concerning patients affected by these diseases, also analyzing intrinsic aspects of the tumor. In the period of the years of 2008, 2009 and 2010, age and region of origin of patients treated by radiotherapy were compiled based on medical records available at the Center of Radiotherapy of Pernambuco (CERAPE), which is the reference center for radiotherapy in Pernambuco. Moreover, the staging of the tumor were evaluated. Results showed that 317 patients were treated in this period for breast cancer, and, in 2010, the highest number of registered cases was observed with 162 diagnosed patients for breast cancer. In the total evaluated period, 306 cases were reported for cervix cancer, however, almost 40% (118 patients) occurred only in 2010. Breast cancer has affected individuals of 50-55 years old, while those from 40 to 60 years old were mostly affected by cervix cancer. There was the highest prevalence of patients originated from the Metropolitan Region of Recife - MRR for both cancers. Stage III was predominated in cervix cancer, while stage II for breast cancer. Although most of patients have been from MRR, this region might not be the most affected by breast and cervix cancer, considering the lack of information on the interior population especially concerning to radiotherapy. It seems that the number of women with breast and cervical cancer has increased in recent years. Considering the risk factors such as physical

  11. Epidemiological survey of breast and cervical radiotherapy patients in 2008-2010 from the state of Pernambuco, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Santos, Mariana L.O.; Cantinha, Rebeca S.; Franca, Elvis J.; Oliveira Neto, Aristides M.; Melo, Jonathan A.; Pessoa, Juanna G.; Melo, Ana M.M.A.; Amancio, Francisco F.

    2014-01-01

    Breast and cervical cancer are, respectively, the second and the third most common cancers that affect the female population. The State of Pernambuco, Brazil, is one of the highest occurrence of both cancers. Radiotherapy is a powerful alternative usually associated to surgery and chemotherapy for cancer treatment. The knowledge of the disease characteristics, as well as the patient profile, contributes for public policy delineation for prevention, treatment and control of breast and cervical cancers. This work investigated the characteristics concerning patients affected by these diseases, also analyzing intrinsic aspects of the tumor. In the period of the years of 2008, 2009 and 2010, age and region of origin of patients treated by radiotherapy were compiled based on medical records available at the Center of Radiotherapy of Pernambuco (CERAPE), which is the reference center for radiotherapy in Pernambuco. Moreover, the staging of the tumor were evaluated. Results showed that 317 patients were treated in this period for breast cancer, and, in 2010, the highest number of registered cases was observed with 162 diagnosed patients for breast cancer. In the total evaluated period, 306 cases were reported for cervix cancer, however, almost 40% (118 patients) occurred only in 2010. Breast cancer has affected individuals of 50-55 years old, while those from 40 to 60 years old were mostly affected by cervix cancer. There was the highest prevalence of patients originated from the Metropolitan Region of Recife - MRR for both cancers. Stage III was predominated in cervix cancer, while stage II for breast cancer. Although most of patients have been from MRR, this region might not be the most affected by breast and cervix cancer, considering the lack of information on the interior population especially concerning to radiotherapy. It seems that the number of women with breast and cervical cancer has increased in recent years. Considering the risk factors such as physical

  12. Diagnóstico da gestão da manutenção em indústrias de médio e grande porte da região metropolitana de Recife Diagnosis of maintenance management in medium and large industries in the metropolitan area of Recife

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Carla Bittencourt Reis

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta os resultados de uma investigação acerca das práticas de gerenciamento da manutenção nas indústrias de manufatura de médio e grande porte da Região Metropolitana de Recife, nos diversos ramos de atividade. A pesquisa foi realizada por meio da aplicação in loco de um questionário que aborda questões importantes do contexto da manutenção. As 50 indústrias entrevistadas foram selecionadas por meio de uma amostragem probabilística cuja estrutura foi extraída do cadastro da Federação das Indústrias do Estado de Pernambuco (anos de 2005 e 2006. As entrevistas foram conduzidas durante o segundo e terceiro trimestres de 2007 e, dentre os resultados encontrados, pode-se afirmar que a manutenção mostrou algumas deficiências que podem ser amenizadas e até mesmo superadas por meio de uma maior atenção a esse setor. Além disso, pode-se destacar que grande parte das indústrias utiliza a experiência gerencial como ferramenta de análise em detrimento de técnicas analíticas mais eficientes para a solução de problemas. Esse comportamento limita os resultados positivos que podem ser obtidos a partir de um tratamento adequado da manutenção.This article presents the results of a research study on maintenance management practices in medium and large manufacturing industries in the metropolitan area of Recife, in various branches of activity. The survey was carried out by means of in loco application of questionnaires addressing important issues dealing with the context of maintenance. The 50 industries surveyed were selected by probability sampling, where sampling framework was drawn from the records of the Federation of Industries of the State of Pernambuco, in 2005 and 2006. The interviews were conducted during the second and third quarters of 2007. Among the results, it is possible to state that maintenance has presented some shortcomings, which can be mitigated or even overcome through greater attention to

  13. Antimicrobial resistance profile of Staphylococcus aureus isolates obtained from skin and soft tissue infections of outpatients from a university hospital in Recife -PE, Brazil Perfil de resistência antimicrobiana de isolados de Staphylococcus aureus provenientes de infecções de pele e tecidos moles de pacientes ambulatoriais de um hospital universitário em Recife - PE, Brasil

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    Fabiana Beserra Caraciolo

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Staphylococcus aureus has a notable ability to acquire resistance to antibiotics, and methicillin resistance represents a growing public health problem. Methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA has also become important outside the hospital environment, particularly in the United States. In Brazil, since 2005, cases of community skin infections caused by MRSA have been reported, but resistance studies involving outpatients are scarce. OBJECTIVE: To know the resistance profile of S. aureus involved in skin and soft tissue infections of patients seen at the Dermatology outpatient clinic of a university hospital in Recife, Pernambuco State, northeastern Brazil. METHODS: Prospective study involving 30 patients with skin and soft tissue infections, seen at the Dermatology outpatient clinic from May until November 2011. To evaluate the susceptibility of S. aureus to antibiotics, the disk diffusion method and oxacillin screening agar were used. RESULTS: From a total of 30 samples of skin lesions, 19 (63% had positive culture for S. aureus. The following resistance patterns of S. aureus were observed: penicillin, 95%; tetracycline, 32%; erythromycin, 21%; gentamicin, 16%; cefoxitin, 11%; oxacillin, 11%; trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, 11%; chloramphenicol, 11%; clindamycin, 5% ; and ciprofloxacin, 0%. One of the identified MRSA was obtained from a patient without risk factors for its acquisition, and was resistant, beyond to the beta-lactams, only to tetracycline. CONCLUSIONS: With regard to the resistance patterns of S. aureus, resistances to tetracycline, erythromycin and gentamicin were the highest. It was documented, for the first time in Pernambuco, a case of skin infection caused by community-associated MRSA.FUNDAMENTOS: O Staphylococcus aureus possui uma notável habilidade de adquirir resistência antimicrobiana, sendo a resistência à meticilina um problema de saúde pública crescente. O S. aureus resistente à meticilina (MRSA vem se

  14. Urbanization effects on the composition and structure of macrophytes communities in a lotic ecosystem of Pernambuco State, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xavier, L R C C; Scherner, F; Burgos, D C; Barreto, R C; Pereira, S M B

    2016-01-01

    Population growth in urban areas changes freshwater ecosystems, and this can have consequences for macrophyte communities as can be seen in the municipalities that border the Capibaribe River, Pernambuco, Brazil. This study reports the effects of urbanization on the composition and structure of macrophyte communities in areas along that river. The following urbanized and non-urbanized sampling sites were chosen: Sites 1 and 2 (municipality of Santa Cruz do Capibaribe), Sites 3 and 4 (municipality of Toritama), and Sites 5 and 6 (metropolitan region of Recife). These sites were visited every two months from January to July 2013 to observe seasonal variation (wet and dry seasons). Thirty-one species were identified. Generally, the non-urbanized sites had a higher number of species. Multivariate analyses indicated significant overall differences between urbanized and non-urbanized areas (R = 0.044; p < 0.001) and between seasons (R = 0.018; p < 0.019). Owing to the large variation in physical, chemical, and biological characteristics between urbanized and non-urbanized areas, we found that urbanization significantly influenced the floristic composition and structure of macrophyte communities.

  15. HIV-1 incidence among people seeking voluntary counseling and testing centers, including pregnant women, in Pernambuco State, Northeast Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lima, Kledoaldo Oliveira de; Salustiano, Daniela Medeiros; Cavalcanti, Ana Maria Salustiano; Leal, Élcio de Souza; Lacerda, Heloísa Ramos

    2015-06-01

    The HIV-1 epidemic in Brazil has displayed new characteristics over time, with an increase in heterosexual transmission and a decline in the male-to-female ratio in AIDS cases. HIV screening was offered to patients attending the Voluntary Counseling and Testing Center in Paulista, Greater Metropolitan Recife, Pernambuco State, in Northeast Brazil, to determine HIV-1 incidence. BED capture enzyme immunoassay (BED-CEIA) was used to measure HIV-1 incidence, comparing it to the AxSYM avidity index method (Ax-AI). From 2006 to 2009, 14,014 individuals were tested, and only 18 pregnant women were diagnosed with HIV infection, resulting in 0.15% annual incidence (95%CI: 0-0.33), significantly lower than in men (1.03; 95%CI: 0.45-1.61) and non-pregnant women (0.50; 95%CI: 0.11-0.89). Despite the low HIV-1 incidence in pregnant women, the high rate of recent infection detected during prenatal care emphasizes the need to increase measures to prevent vertical transmission.

  16. [Team work and interdiciplinarity: challenges facing the implementation of comprehensive outpatient care for people with HIV/Aids in Pernambuco].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borges, Maria Jucineide Lopes; Sampaio, Aletheia Soares; Gurgel, Idê Gomes Dantas

    2012-01-01

    The complexity of providing healthcare to people with HIV/Aids requires investment in comprehensive action and care, constituting a challenge for the multidisciplinary work teams to build an interdisciplinary practice. This study sought to analyze comprehensive healthcare in the Specialized Assistance Services for HIV/Aids (SAE-HIV/Aids) in Recife, in the State of Pernambuco, starting with the process and organization of team work. This is a case study developed in three SAE-HIV/Aids units, based on a qualitative approach using different research techniques. The results show that SAE-HIV/Aids have complied with most of the Brazilian Health Ministry recommendations in terms of basic infrastructure, though none of them had a team of appropriate size. These services have shown signs of fragmentation and difficulty in establishing a systematic intersectorial and interdisciplinary practice, with failings in ensuring the reference and counter-reference flow. It was seen that there was little appreciation of the role of the manager as team leader. The need to perceive the user as a whole was identified, as well as for the team to work in a coordinated manner in order to ensure communicative and relational activities.

  17. Zika virus displacement by a chikungunya outbreak in Recife, Brazil.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tereza Magalhaes

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Several arboviruses, including dengue virus (DENV, Zika virus (ZIKV and chikungunya virus (CHIKV, transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes, circulate in northeast Brazil. Diseases caused by these viruses are of great public health relevance, however, their epidemiological features in areas where the three viruses co-circulate are scarce. Here, we present analyses of molecular and serological diagnostics in a prospective study of acute febrile patients recruited from May 2015 to May 2016 in Recife, Brazil.Two hundred sixty-three acute febrile patients with symptoms suggestive of an arboviral disease who attended an urgent heath care clinic in the Recife Metropolitan Region in northeast Brazil were enrolled. Acute and convalescent blood samples were collected and tested using molecular and serological assays for infection with DENV, ZIKV and CHIKV.Quantitative real-time reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reactions (qRTPCR performed on acute phase sera detected no patients positive for DENV, but 26 (9.9% positive for ZIKV and 132 (50.2% positive for CHIKV. There were a few suspected and only one confirmed dengue case. Specific serological assays for ZIKV and CHIKV confirmed the qRTPCR data. Analyses of DENV IgM and IgG ELISAs in the context of qRTPCR results suggested high levels of cross reactive antibodies in ZIKV-positive samples. Results from neutralization assays highly corroborated those from qRTPCR and ZIKV ELISA, indicating very few positive DENV cases. ZIKV infections were temporally clustered in the first months of the study and started to decrease concomitantly with an increase in CHIKV infections in August 2015. The proportion of CHIKV infections increased significantly in September 2015 and remained high until the end of the study period, with an average of 84.7% of recruited patients being diagnosed from August 2015 to May 2016. ZIKV infections exhibited a female bias and the cases were spread over the study site, while CHIKV cases had a

  18. Educação colonial em Pernambuco: um estudo de caso - Colonial education in Pernambuco: a case study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Gustavo Lima Freire, Portugal

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo pretende reflectir sobre a educação colonial, especificamente durante o século 18, empreendida no Brasil, na Capitania de Pernambuco. Para cumprir esse objectivo utilizaremos alguns documentos do Arquivo Histórico Ultramarino procurando perceber como eles podem representar as ideias que vigoravam naquele período. Pretende-se nesse contexto, compreender quais eram as directrizes propostas para o ensino em algumas aldeias indígenas em Pernambuco e o quanto eram coerentes com a política pombalina e com os fundamentos do Iluminismo.Palavras-chave: Iluminismo, período colonial, educação, Pernambuco. COLONIAL EDUCATION IN PERNAMBUCO: A CASE STUDYAbstractThis article aims to reflect on the colonial education, specifically during the eighteenth century, held in Brazil in the province of Pernambuco. To meet this objective we will use some documents from “Arquivo Histórico Ultramarino” looking for to understand how they can representing the ideas that prevailed during that period. It is intended that context, to understand what were the proposed guidelines for teaching in some indian villages in Pernambuco and how were consistent with the policy of the marquis of Pombal and the foundations of the Enlightenment.Keywords: Enlightenment, colonial period, education, Pernambuco. EDUCACIÓN COLONIAL EN PERNAMBUCO: UN ESTUDIO DE CASOResumenEste artículo tiene como objetivo reflexionar sobre la educación colonial, específicamente durante el siglo 18, realizada en Brasil en la provincia de Pernambuco. Para lograr este objetivo vamos a utilizar algunos de los documentos de lo "Arquivo Histórico Ultramarino" buscando entender cómo pueden representar las ideas que prevalecieron durante ese período. Se pretende, en este contexto, entender cuáles fueron las directrices propuestas para la enseñanza en algunos pueblos indígenas en Pernambuco y cómo fueron coherentes con la política del marqués de Pombal y los fundamentos de la

  19. A new species of Scymnobius Casey (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae, Scymnini from Pernambuco, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Adriano Giorgi

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available A new species of Scymnobius Casey (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae, Scymnini from Pernambuco, Brazil. Scymnobius pernambucensis sp. nov. from Pernambuco, Brazil, is described and illustrated. This is the third species of this genus recorded from Brazil.

  20. Environmental effects of the TermoPernambuco; Impactos ambientais da TermoPernambuco

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goncalves Filho, Luiz Carlos; Costa, Heitor Scalambrini [Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, PE (Brazil). Nucleo de Apoio a Projetos de Energias Renovaveis]. E-mail: naper@ufpe.br

    2006-07-01

    In a world scale, 80% of the total energy consumed by mankind comes fossil fuel (charcoal, petroleum and natural gas). The massive use of that energy resource has lead to the exhaustion of its reserves and has turned itself into a real menace to the environment, as a consequence of the earth global warming (greenhouse effect), of the risk to the public health and of the acidification of the water cycle. Whenever that type of fuel is burned in thermoelectric power plants, in transportation vehicles and in the industry, it liberates highly toxic gases and other pollutants (carbonic gas, nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide, among others), which are largely the responsible for the mentioned environmental impacts to the point of putting at stake the very survival of the human race. In the context of the Thermoelectricity Priority Program, launched by the federal government in February 24th, 2000 (Decree 3.371), the Pernambuco State Government has authorized the construction of a thermoelectric power plant powered by natural gas - the Thermo Pernambuco - in the harbor region of Suape, with a installed capacity of generating 520 MW. In this work the environmental impacts of the Thermo Pernambuco are shown in which concerns to the production of toxic gases. Those results were obtained through a bibliographic research about similar situations and through the detailed analysis of the EIA/RIMA reports (needed for the complying with the Brazilian environmental laws). We show that that plant will be responsible for a considerable increase in the air pollution. Considering an 80% capacity factor , that is, the power plant operating for 7,000 hours per year, it will send yearly 1.8 million ton of C0{sub 2} (5,000 per day) and 836 ton of No{sub x} (2.3 ton per day). (author)

  1. Prevalência de marcadores de trombofilia em pacientes portadores da síndrome de May-Thurner e trombose de veia ilíaca comum esquerda Prevalence of thrombophilia factors in patients with May-Thurner syndrome and left common iliac vein thrombosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Arêas Marques

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available CONTEXTO: A relação entre trombose venosa profunda e trombofilia tem sido pouco estudada em indivíduos portadores de compressão da veia ilíaca comum esquerda, conhecida clinicamente como síndrome de May-Thurner. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a prevalência de marcadores de trombofilia nos pacientes portadores de síndrome de May-Thurner e trombose de veia ilíaca comum esquerda. MÉTODOS: Entre março de 1999 e dezembro de 2008, 20 pacientes com síndrome de May-Thurner e trombose de veia ilíaca comum esquerda foram avaliados retrospectivamente quanto à presença de marcadores de trombofilia. RESULTADOS: Foi detectada a associação entre síndrome de May-Thurner e marcadores de trombofilia em 8 pacientes (40%. CONCLUSÃO: A presença de marcadores de trombofilia em pacientes com trombose de veia ilíaca comum esquerda e síndrome de May-Thurner é frequente, porém não difere da prevalência encontrada em pacientes portadores de trombose venosa profunda sem a síndrome associada.BACKGROUND: The relationship between deep venous thrombosis and thrombophilia has been little studied in patients with left common iliac vein compression, clinically known as May-Thurner syndrome. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of thrombophilia markers in patients with May-Thurner syndrome and left common iliac vein thrombosis. METHODS: From March 1999 to December 2008, 20 patients with May-Thurner syndrome and left common iliac vein thrombosis were retrospectively investigated for the presence of thrombophilia markers. RESULTS: The association between May-Thurner syndrome and thrombophilia markers was found in 8 patients (40%. CONCLUSION: There is a high prevalence of thrombophilia markers in patients with May-Thurner syndrome and left common iliac vein thrombosis. The prevalence, however, is not different from that found in patients with deep venous thrombosis without May-Thurner syndrome.

  2. The behavior of Sotalia guianensis (Van Bénéden in Pernambuco coastal waters, Brazil, and a further analysis of its reaction to boat traffic O comportamento de Sotalia guianensis (Van Bénéden em águas costeiras de Pernambuco, Brasil, e uma análise adicional de sua reação ao tráfego de embarcações

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janaina P. Araújo

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available There is still little knowledge about the behavior of the estuarine dolphins and also the way they react to the presence of different types of vessels. The aim of the present study was twofold: to investigate the behavior of estuarine dolphins in four locations in Pernambuco, Brazil, and also their reaction to the presence of common types of nautical crafts. The data of this study resulted from 48 fieldtrips to each of the four localities studied (ports of Recife and Suape, and beaches of Bairro Novo and Piedade, thus totaling 192 days of observations, with approximately 380 hours of actual sampling. Ten types of behavioral activities were counted for Bairro Novo beach and the port areas, but only four for Piedade beach. The greatest flows of boats were recorded in the port of Recife. Fishing boats were the commonest type in the port area of Recife and Bairro Novo beach, while tourist vessels predominated in the port of Suape and Piedade beach. During the observations of encounters between these boats and the estuarine dolphins, neutral reactions predominated for all the vessel types studied. The same type of reaction predominated when the distances at which the interactions between the animals and vessels occurred were correlated.Ainda se sabe pouco sobre o comportamento do boto-cinza, assim como a forma pela qual ele reage a diferentes tipos de embarcações. O presente estudo teve dois objetivos: investigar o comportamento dos botos-cinzas em quatro localidades de Pernambuco, Brasil, assim como a reação destes para com as embarcações náuticas comuns. Os dados foram coletados no período de setembro de 2004 a agosto de 2006, no horário das 6 às 17 h. Os dados desta pesquisa resultaram de 48 saídas a campo para cada uma das quatro localidades estudadas (Portos do Recife e Suape, praia de Bairro Novo e Piedade, totalizando 192 dias de observações, sendo aproximadamente 380 horas de amostragens efetivas. Foram contados dez tipos de

  3. O retratamento da tuberculose no município do Recife, 1997: uma abordagem epidemiológica Repeated treatment of tuberculosis in the city of Recife, 1997: an epidemiological approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HERMIRA MARIA AMORIM CAMPOS

    2000-09-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Este estudo descreve as características e analisa o acompanhamento de casos de retratamento ocorridos em residentes no município do Recife, no ano de 1997, com o objetivo de avaliar a importância deste grupo de doentes para a vigilância da tuberculose nos sistemas locais de saúde. Casuística e métodos: Foi realizado um estudo transversal com uma amostra de 240 casos de retratamento que representaram 16,2% dos casos de tuberculose notificados à Secretaria Estadual de Saúde do Estado de Pernambuco, em 1997. Resultados: O abandono do tratamento anterior foi o principal motivo para o retratamento (55,8%, seguido por casos de recidiva da doença (39,2%. Os doentes eram predominantemente do sexo masculino, com idade entre 30 e 49 anos, com baixa ou nenhuma escolaridade, e apresentavam um predomínio da forma pulmonar. Chama a atenção que 42,7% dos casos de retratamento tinham história de dois ou mais tratamentos anteriores. Em relação ao desfecho do retratamento, 52,5% dos casos apresentaram resultado desfavorável. Entre estes, 44,2% dos indivíduos abandonaram o esquema terapêutico e 39,6% deles fizeram-no até o primeiro mês. Os casos que voltaram a tratar-se após recidiva apresentaram maior percentual de desfecho favorável de retratamento (64% quando comparados com os casos que voltaram a tratar-se após falência ou abandono do tratamento anterior e esta diferença foi estatisticamente significante (chi² = 19,55; p Objectives: This study describes the epidemiological profile of cases of repeated treatment of tuberculosis occurring among residents of the city of Recife in the year of 1997. Material and methods: A cross-sectional study was performed and 240 cases of repeated treatment were studied, representing 16.2% of all cases of tuberculosis. Results: Interruption of previous treatment was the principal reason for repeated treatments (55.8%, followed by cases of recurrence of the disease (39.2%. Patients undergoing

  4. Zika in Pernambuco: rewriting the first outbreak.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brito, Carlos Alexandre Antunes de; Brito, Cecilia Coelho Moraes de; Oliveira, Augusto César; Rocha, Marilia; Atanásio, Caio; Asfora, Carolina; Matos, Júlio Dourado; Lima, Anton Saraiva; Albuquerque, Maria Fátima Militão

    2016-01-01

    A Zika virus epidemic was registered in 2015 in Northeast Brazil. In the State of Pernambuco, thousands of classical cases transpired, and in the following months, neurological disturbances in adults and microcephaly in newborns emerged as complications. After the peak of the epidemic, the official system reported only four cases of Zika virus but over 100,000 cases of dengue virus. The vigilance system was unable to retrospectively estimate cases or to issue an alert to officially notified cases with possible inconsistence concerning specific arbovirosis diagnoses. To evaluate the frequency of different arbovirosis diagnoses based on clinical-epidemiologic criteria, from January to April 2015, we conducted a hospital-based cross-sectional study retrospectively analyzing suspected cases of arbovirosis. Of 1 , 046 total suspected cases of arbovirus, 895 (86%) were classified as probable Zika virus cases, and 151 (14%) as probable dengue virus cases. The most frequent manifestations in probable Zika virus cases were exanthema (100%), pruritus (50.7%), fever (20.4%) and arthralgia (27.7%). In contrast to the official data, during the peak months of the arbovirosis epidemic of 2015, most cases were compatible with Zika virus infections. Hospital-based studies, although retrospective and based on secondary data from clinical files, might provide a better estimate of the number of cases relative to currently available data, if derived from several urgent care units of representative areas of a city or state.This would partially retrospectively correct some inconsistences regarding official notifications.

  5. Perfil lipídico em escolares de Recife - PE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrícia Brazil Pereira

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTO: A ocorrência de dislipidemias é crescente na população infanto-juvenil. Níveis alterados do perfil lipídico estão relacionados com maior incidência de hipertensão e doença aterosclerótica. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a magnitude das dislipidemias e investigar a relação do perfil lipídico com o excesso de peso e a obesidade abdominal em adolescentes escolares da cidade do Recife - PE. MÉTODOS: Foram coletados dados pessoais, situação socioeconômica, medidas antropométricas e perfil lipídico de 470 adolescentes de 10 a 14 anos, de ambos os sexos, da rede pública de ensino de Recife - PE. A análise estatística foi realizada com os programas Epi-info 6.04 e SPSS 13.0. Adotou-se o nível de significância de 5%. RESULTADOS: A maior parte da população era dislipidêmica (63,8%, IC95% 59,3 - 68,2, sendo a hipoalfalipoproteinemia a dislipidemia mais prevalente (56%, IC95% 51,3 - 60,5. Adolescentes com excesso de peso ou com obesidade abdominal apresentaram valores mais elevados de triglicerídeos e mais baixos de HDL-colesterol (p < 0,05. As concentrações do colesterol total e frações não diferiram em relação ao sexo. CONCLUSÃO: Ficou demonstrada a elevada ocorrência do perfil lipídico desfavorável, o que faz alertar para a necessidade da dosagem do perfil lipídico já nessa faixa etária. Medidas de estilo de vida saudável devem ser incentivadas nessa população.

  6. Trombosis yugular interna bilateral asociada a trombofilia después de la inducción ovárica por infertilidad Bilateral internal jugular thrombosis associated with thrombophilia after ovarian induction for infertility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Vázquez

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available Los eventos tromboembólicos son complicaciones poco frecuentes del tratamiento hormonal de la infertilidad y generalmente están asociados al síndrome de hiperestimulación ovárico (SHO. La trombosis venosa yugular es infrecuente y ante su presencia se debería sospechar la existencia de algún factor predisponente. Describimos una paciente de 31 años, sin antecedentes de importancia, no fumadora, a la cual se le realizó un único ciclo de estimulación hormonal para fertilización in vitro por esterilidad primaria con factor masculino. Durante la octava semana de embarazo gemelar desarrolló una trombosis yugular interna bilateral, en ausencia de SHO u otros factores predisponentes aparentes. En la evaluación para trombofilia se detectó la presencia del Factor V Leiden y la mutación del gen de la protrombina G 20210, que junto con el estímulo hormonal, se interpretaron como los factores predisponentes. Se anticoaguló con heparina de bajo peso molecular. No está recomendado el rastreo sistemático de trombofilia antes del tratamiento hormonal, pero podría ser considerado en pacientes de alto riesgo o en quienes desarrollan trombosis en ausencia de un factor predisponente claro.Thromboembolic events are an infrequent complication of hormonal treatment for infertility and are generally related to the hyperstimulated ovarian syndrome (HOS. Jugular vein thrombosis is an unusual site of thrombosis and when present one should look for a predisposing factor. We describe a 31-year-old woman, with no previous medical history, non-smoker, who received a single cycle of hormonal stimulation for in vitro fertilisation due to primary infertility. During her eighth week of a twin pregnancy, she consulted the emergency room where the diagnosis of bilateral jugular thrombosis was confirmed, in absence of HOS or any known predisposing factor. In subsequent studies, the presence of Factor V Leyden and a mutation of G 20210 prothrombin were found

  7. Avaliação de 4 tipos de Papilomavírus humano na região metropolitana do Recife (PE) e a incidência de câncer cervical: discussão da relação entre os tipos virais com as vacinas profiláticas

    OpenAIRE

    Fernanda Piffer Tomasi Baldez da Silva, Maria

    2009-01-01

    Existe uma relação bem definida entre os diferentes tipos de papilomavirus humano e a incidência de câncer cervical na região metropolitana do Recife, Pernambuco assim como em outras Regiões do Brasil. O conhecimento que se tem hoje a respeito do papilomavírus humano é muito amplo quando se fala de genoma viral, modo de infecção, estágios de progressão da doença e atualmente processos vacinas. Porém, quando se fala de um vírus tão comumente disseminado pela população, mas que apresenta difere...

  8. Survey of diagnostic X-Ray units at Recife- Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hazing, C.A.; Khoury, H.J.; Santos, R.S.; Antonino, P.D.

    1998-01-01

    This paper reports reports the result of a survey aiming to determine the working conditions of x-ray units operating in hospital and clinics in the city of Recife, Pernamburgo, Brazil. The study comprised 27 x-ray units from both public and private diagnostic services operating. The following parameters were evaluated: a) coincidence between the luminous and radiation fields; b) alignment of the radiation beam; c) agreement between the real and preset values of the kVp and exposure time. The result showed that the discrepancy between the luminous and radiation fields stayed in the recommended 1 to 2% interval in 78.2% of the equipment surveyed, all units passing the alignment test (deviation of less than 3%). The results also showed that there is only a fair accuracy regarding both preset kilovoltage and exposure time, with discrepancies of more than 10% between ''true'' irradiation times(in85% of the case), and between the present and applied kilovoltage (in 46% of the inspected units)

  9. Dosimetric study in fluoroscopy procedures realized on Recife, PE, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Maia, Ana Figueiredo

    2001-08-01

    Fluoroscopy is a special radiological examination that uses radiation to visualize the image directly in a TV monitor. Due to of the large exposure times, these procedures often give high doses to the patient, usually higher than those from conventional radiology. Since there are not international diagnostic references levels for fluoroscopy procedures, this research had the objective of making the first study of the fluoroscopy procedures in the Northeast Region of Brazil, providing, therefore, data for the implementation of diagnostic reference levels. Three institutions were evaluated in Recife, two of them teaching hospitals. The quantities measured were the air kerma-area-product, the screening time and the number of radiographs taken in each exam. The results show that the value of the air kerma-area-product varied among the institutions and the results in the institution which uses the last generation equipment were better than those obtained in the other institutions. A relevant fact, and also alarming, is that the population in the institutions that showed the worse results are children. The results obtained in these institutions are higher than those observed in other countries. The results of this research show that there is a need for optimization in those procedures, specially the ones that involve older equipment. It is also points to the continuity of this study to gather more information to define the fluoroscopy reference levels in the country. (author)

  10. Mercados de drogas, guerra e paz no Recife

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    Jean Daudelin

    Full Text Available Resumo Este artigo procura discutir as possíveis conexões entre o funcionamento de diferentes mercados de drogas e a violência na cidade do Recife. Os autores propõem que mercados abertos e descobertos, como o do crack, são mais propícios à violência, ao contrário dos mercados fechados e cobertos (mercados de drogas das classes médias. Outros fatores contribuem para a presença de mais ou menos violência em cada mercado de drogas pesquisado: a existência ou não de crédito e consignação, o consumo mais ou menos problemático de cada droga e o tipo de atuação policial em cada mercado de drogas. A observação direta do funcionamento de alguns desses mercados, a pesquisa em jornais diários locais e entrevistas com usuários e vendedores de drogas, profissionais da área de saúde, assistentes sociais, psicólogos, juízes, promotores e policiais foram as estratégias metodológicas utilizadas.

  11. Evaluation of conventional x-ray diagnostic equipment and radiological protection systems of hospitals and clinics installed in Recife city, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Passos, Robson Silva

    1999-05-01

    Diagnostic radiology is the main contributor to the man-made exposure of general population. Since Quality Assurance (QA) programs ensure high quality diagnostic images with the lowest possible radiation dose to the patient, it has been recommended that all introduce QA programs for their radiological facilities. Consequently it is important to check the adequacy of equipment operating parameters in diagnostic radiography facilities, to ensure that a high quality of service is delivered. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the operating conditions of diagnostic units installed in Recife, Pernambuco. The study included 31 X-ray units from both public and private diagnostic services. The following parameters were evaluated: coincidence between the luminous and radiation fields; alignment of the radiation beam; agreement between the real and preset values of kVp and exposure time; filtration; half value lower (HVL); luminance of the view box; uniformity of the luminance; illuminance of the environment. The results showed that 20% of the equipment surveyed exhibited discrepancies between the luminous and radiation fields greater than 2% of the source to skin distance. The test of kilovoltage showed that 48% of the units do not fulfill the acceptability criteria, presenting discrepancies higher than ± 10% between the measured and preset values. The results of the accuracy of the timer indicated that 81% of the equipment surveyed present a discrepancy greater than ± 10% between the time selected in the control panel and actual exposure time.The test of the filtration shown that, in 20% of the equipment, this was inferior to 2,5 mm Al. The test of the luminance of view box shown that 96% of the equipment, shown a luminance lower of 2.000 cd/m 2 . Related to the test of the uniformity of the luminance, 81 % of the equipment shown a variation of the uniformity higher then 10%. The test of the iluminancy of the environment shown that 61 % of the equipment presented

  12. Fatores associados à natimortalidade em uma maternidade escola em Pernambuco: estudo caso-controle Factors associated with stillbirth in a school maternity in Pernambuco: a case control study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lannuze Gomes Andrade

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: investigar os principais fatores associados a óbitos fetais na cidade de Recife, no Pernambuco, Brasil. MÉTODOS: foi realizado um estudo observacional do tipo caso-controle, incluindo casos atendidos no período de 1 de Junho de 2004 a 31 de Março de 2005. Foram incluídos 116 casos (natimortos e 472 controles (nativivos, com parto assistido no serviço. Os casos foram identificados no livro de registro da sala de parto. A partir do nome e número de registro, foram identificadas as puérperas numa enfermaria de puerpério. Para seleção dos controles, foi obedecido ao critério de vizinhança da enfermaria de puerpério, identificando-se os leitos com numeração imediatamente inferior (duas pacientes e superior (duas pacientes, desde que tivessem parido nascidos vivos. Caso não concordassem em participar da pesquisa, eram abordadas sucessivamente as numerações de leito consecutivamente menores ou maiores. Para testar a associação entre as variáveis independente (preditoras e dependente (natimortos, foi utilizado o teste do χ2 de associação e o exato de Fisher, quando indicado, considerando-se o nível de significância de 5%. Para determinação da força da associação, foi utilizada a estimativa do risco relativo para os estudos de caso-controle, Odds Ratio (OR, calculando seu intervalo de confiança (IC a 95%. Foi realizada análise de regressão logística seguindo o modelo hierarquizado para controle dos fatores de confusão. RESULTADOS: a taxa de mortalidade fetal correspondeu a 24,4 por 1.000 nascimentos. Depois da análise multivariada, as variáveis que persistiram significativamente associadas ao óbito fetal foram: presença de malformações (OR=7,5; IC=3,2-17,4, número de consultas durante o pré-natal menor que seis (OR=4,4; IC=2,5-7,5, síndromes hemorrágicas (OR=2,9; IC=1,4-5,7, atendimento em outra unidade hospitalar nas 24 horas que antecederam a admissão da paciente na instituição (OR=2,9; IC=1

  13. [Re]Ordenação Espacial e Turismo: A Revitalização do Bairro do Recife Antigo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renato Sergio Santos

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false PT-BR X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 Este artigo busca entender o fenômeno da revitalização do Bairro do Recife Antigo, no Recife, PE. Utiliza-se a fenomenologia hermenêutica, como metodologia. A revitalização buscou reinserir o bairro no cotidiano dos moradores do Grande Recife. O primeiro passo foi reinventar o lugar como local de eventos, para atrair visitantes. É a partir da leitura do fenômeno, que este trabalho busca descrever as várias mudanças ocorridas na ordenação do espaço estudado, apontando o que entendemos por acertos e falhas na execução do plano de revitalização. [Re]Ordination and Space Tourism: The Neighborhood Revitalization of Recife Antigo - This article seeks to understand the of the neighborhood revitalization of Recife Antigo, Recife, PE. The methodology used is hermeneutic phenomenology. The revitalization of Recife Antigo tried reinserting the area in daily lives of residents in the Grande Recife. The first part of the project was to reinvent the place as a venue to attract visitors. This paper is based on the reading of the phenomenon to describe the various changes in ordering this space, pointing out what we mean as successes and failures in the implementation of the revitalization plan.

  14. 78 FR 57619 - Architecture Services Trade Mission to Rio de Janeiro and Recife, Brazil, October 7-10, 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-19

    ... DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Architecture Services Trade Mission to Rio de Janeiro and Recife, Brazil, October 7-10, 2013 AGENCY: International Trade Administration... 38687, June 27, 2013, regarding the Architecture Services Trade Mission to Rio de Janeiro and Recife...

  15. Mucorales from the semiarid of Pernambuco, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Azevedo Santiago, André Luiz Cabral Monteiro; dos Santos, Paulo Jorge Parreira; Maia, Leonor Costa

    2013-01-01

    Nineteen taxa of Mucorales, belonging to Absidia, Apophysomyces, Cunninghamella, Fennellomyces, Lichtheimia, Mucor, Mycotypha, Rhizopus and Syncephalastrum were isolated from 36 composite soil samples in three semiarid areas in the State of Pernambuco (Triunfo, Cabrobó and Belém de São Francisco), Northeast Brazil, which are characterized by Caatinga vegetation. Triunfo is preserved, whereas Cabroró and Belém de São Francisco are experiencing low and severe desertification processes, respectively. Mucorales were isolated in Petri dishes in triplicate from 5 mg samples of soil placed on the surface of wheat germ agar plus chloramphenicol and Cercobin [Dimethyl 4,49-(103 phenylene) bis (3-thioallophanate)] medium. The plates were left on a bench at room temperature (28 ± 2 °C) for 72 h of alternating dark and light periods. Absidia cylindrospora presented the highest amount of CFU/g of soil, followed by L. hyalospora, C. phaeospora and C. echinulata var. echinulata. The latter, and R. microsporus var. microsporus, presented the highest frequencies of occurrence. Soils from Triunfo showed higher diversity of Mucorales than the samples from the other areas, although without differing statistically in relation to species richness. The communities of Mucorales from the degraded areas were more similar, while that from the preserved area was quite different. Most of the identified specimens have been commonly isolated from soil in other Brazilian regions, which indicates that they are not endemic of the semiarid. Eleven taxa are registered for the first time in this ecosystem, while F. heterothallicus is reported for the first time in Brazil. PMID:24159320

  16. Mucorales from the semiarid of Pernambuco, Brazil

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    André Luiz Cabral Monteiro de Azevedo Santiago

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Nineteen taxa of Mucorales, belonging to Absidi, Apophysomyces, Cunninghamella, Fennellomyces, Lichtheimi, Mucor, Mycotypha, Rhizopus and Syncephalastrum were isolated from 36 composite soil samples in three semiarid areas in the State of Pernambuco (Triunfo, Cabrobó and Belém de São Francisco, Northeast Brazil, which are characterized by Caatinga vegetation. Triunfo is preserved, whereas Cabroró and Belém de São Francisco are experiencing low and severe desertification processes, respectively. Mucorales were isolated in Petri dishes in triplicate from 5 mg samples of soil placed on the surface of wheat germ agar plus chloramphenicol and Cercobin [Dimethyl 4,49-(103 phenylene bis (3-thioallophanate] medium. The plates were left on a bench at room temperature (28 ± 2 ºC for 72 h of alternating dark and light periods. Absidia cylindrospora presented the highest amount of CFU/g of soil, followed by L. hyalospor, C. phaeospora and C. echinulata var. echinulata. The latter, and R. microsporus var. microsporus, presented the highest frequencies of occurrence. Soils from Triunfo showed higher diversity of Mucorales than the samples from the other areas, although without differing statistically in relation to species richness. The communities of Mucorales from the degraded areas were more similar, while that from the preserved area was quite different. Most of the identified specimens have been commonly isolated from soil in other Brazilian regions, which indicates that they are not endemic of the semiarid. Eleven taxa are registered for the first time in this ecosystem, while F. heterothallicus is reported for the first time in Brazil.

  17. Fatores associados ao desenvolvimento mental e motor de crianças de quatro creches públicas de Recife, Brasil Factors associated with mental and psychomotor development of infants in four public day care centers in the municipality of Recife, Brazil

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    Sophie Helena Eickmann

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Identificar os fatores associados aos índices de desenvolvimento mental e motor em lactentes que frequentam creches da rede municipal em Recife. MÉTODOS: Estudo de corte transversal realizado entre fevereiro e abril de 2005 em uma amostra de 108 crianças com idade entre quatro e 24 meses, pertencentes a quatro creches municipais do Recife. O desenvolvimento mental e motor foi avaliado pela Escala de Desenvolvimento Infantil de Bayley II. Por meio de entrevistas às mães, foram obtidas informações sobre as condições socioeconômicas e demográficas das famílias e as características biológicas das crianças ao nascer (peso, sexo e idade gestacional. O estado nutricional foi avaliado através dos índices peso/idade, comprimento/idade, peso/comprimento e da concentração de hemoglobina. RESULTADOS: As médias dos índices de desenvolvimento mental e motor foram 88±11 e 95±12 pontos, respectivamente. A idade gestacional apresentou associação significativa com o desenvolvimento mental e motor e o peso ao nascer e o estado nutricional atual, avaliado pelo índice peso/comprimento, se associaram ao desenvolvimento motor. CONCLUSÕES: As crianças analisadas apresentaram desenvolvimento neuropsicomotor ainda na faixa de normalidade, mas aquém do esperado para a idade, comparado a populações de referência em países desenvolvidos. Os fatores associados ao baixo desempenho do desenvolvimento nessa população estão relacionados aos fatores biológicos, destacando-se os déficits nutricionais, cuja redução deve ser uma prioridade para gestores em saúde e educação.OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with mental and psychomotor development of infants enrolled at public day care centers of Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study conducted with 108 infants aged four to 24 months attending four public day care centers of the Municipality of Recife from February to April 2005. Mental and

  18. Dosimetric study in fluoroscopy procedures realized on Recife, PE, Brazil; Estudo dosimetrico em procedimentos de fluoroscopia realizados no Recife

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maia, Ana Figueiredo

    2001-08-01

    Fluoroscopy is a special radiological examination that uses radiation to visualize the image directly in a TV monitor. Due to of the large exposure times, these procedures often give high doses to the patient, usually higher than those from conventional radiology. Since there are not international diagnostic references levels for fluoroscopy procedures, this research had the objective of making the first study of the fluoroscopy procedures in the Northeast Region of Brazil, providing, therefore, data for the implementation of diagnostic reference levels. Three institutions were evaluated in Recife, two of them teaching hospitals. The quantities measured were the air kerma-area-product, the screening time and the number of radiographs taken in each exam. The results show that the value of the air kerma-area-product varied among the institutions and the results in the institution which uses the last generation equipment were better than those obtained in the other institutions. A relevant fact, and also alarming, is that the population in the institutions that showed the worse results are children. The results obtained in these institutions are higher than those observed in other countries. The results of this research show that there is a need for optimization in those procedures, specially the ones that involve older equipment. It is also points to the continuity of this study to gather more information to define the fluoroscopy reference levels in the country. (author)

  19. Levantamento de registros dos acidentes com cnidários em algumas praias do litoral de Pernambuco (Brasil Survey of cnidarian accident records in some beaches of the coast of Pernambuco (Brazil

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    Ricardo F. Neves

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Os cnidários estão entre os organismos mais peçonhentos que se conhecem. Caracterizam-se por possuir células urticantes denominadas cnidócitos, e diversas espécies, como as chamadas caravelas e águas-vivas, podem ocasionar danos ao homem. Apesar da pouca atenção dada a este tipo de acidente no litoral brasileiro, os estudos existentes mostram que sua ocorrência é significativa. O presente estudo teve como principais objetivos levantar os acidentes causados por cnidários nos banhistas de algumas praias do litoral de Pernambuco e investigar o conhecimento referente a este tema por parte de profissionais de áreas relevantes. Assim, visitou-se arquivos de hospitais, postos praieiros e grupamento salva-vidas para o levantamento de registros, e foram entrevistados 17 profissionais. Foram levantados registros de 35 acidentes para um período de dois anos na Praia de Boa Viagem (Recife, além de registros informais de uma média de quatro a cinco casos por semana na Praia de Piedade e dois a três casos por semana na Praia de Pontas de Pedras. Em relação ao conhecimento dos profissionais entrevistados, a maioria das respostas está, de forma geral, de acordo com a literatura existente, apesar de ainda haver certo nível de informações inadequadas ou insuficientes em relação ao tema estudado.Cnidarians are among the most venomous organisms known to man. They are characterized by stinging cells called cnidocytes, and several species, such as the Portuguese-man-of-war and the jellyfish, can cause harm to human beings. Despite not attracting ( much attention on the Brazilian coast, the studies that have been carried out to date show that the occurrence of this kind of accident is significant. The aim of this study was to survey cnidarian related accidents with beach goers on some beaches of the state of Pernambuco, as well as to investigate the knowledge of relevant professions on this theme. ( Archives of hospitals and life guard posts

  20. Framework dos cenários de risco no contexto da implantação de uma refinaria de petróleo em Pernambuco Risks scenarios frameworks in the context of an oil refinery installation at Pernambuco State

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    Aline do Monte Gurgel

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available A magnitude dos problemas socioambientais relacionados à urbanização, industrialização e esgotamento de recursos naturais tem impacto crescente sobre a saúde e o ambiente. Paradoxalmente, os padrões de consumo demandam a ampliação da produção industrial, baseada na exploração de recursos não renováveis, cujos riscos tecnológicos, particularmente os da indústria petroquímica, impõem dificuldades reais às medidas de controle e vigilância à saúde. O refino de petróleo é uma atividade potencialmente danosa ao ambiente e à saúde humana, particularmente aos trabalhadores. Esse estudo objetivou caracterizar os cenários de risco para a saúde ambiental decorrentes da instalação de uma refinaria de petróleo na Região Metropolitana de Recife (Pernambuco. Com base em dados secundários e referências da literatura, construiu-se uma matriz de reprodução social para contextualizar os problemas nas dimensões biológica, da consciência e conduta, econômica, política e ecológica, permitindo presumir riscos, com vista a subsidiar o desenvolvimento e a organização das ações de vigilância em saúde no Estado, articuladas intersetorialmente, com participação social, capazes de intervir sobre os riscos e evitar o adoecimento dos trabalhadores e da população nesse território.The magnitude of the environmental and social problems due to urbanization, industrialization and exhaustion of natural resources has shown an increase in the impact on health and environment. Paradoxically, the consumption patterns demand for the expansion in the industrial production based on the exploitation of the non-renewable resources, which technological risks, especially from the petrochemical industry, have put difficulties on the risk control and health surveillance. The petroleum refining is an activity potentially damageable to the environment and human health, particularly to workers. The main objective of this study was to

  1. [Health care user satisfaction in Pernambuco State, Brazil, 2005].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gouveia, Giselle Campozana; Souza, Wayner Vieira de; Luna, Carlos Feitosa; Szwarcwald, Célia Landmann; Souza Júnior, Paulo Roberto Borges de

    2011-03-01

    Researching the users' satisfaction is a key task for management. With the Project for Strengthening the Evaluation Capacity of the State, the Pernambuco Health Secretariat has defined to evaluate the health system performance as priority. The current study aimed to know the factors associated with the users' satisfaction of the Pernambuco health system. It was an evaluative study based on the results obtained in a population survey carried out on 2005 in Pernambuco. The data analysis considered the use of multivariate methods and the satisfaction as dependent variable. The main analyzed aspects were the professionals quality, the health services quality and the health system resolubility. The analysis has revealed that the waiting time for health care and the availability of medicines were the factors with the lowest percentage of users' satisfaction, what generate reflections about if the access has been actually related to the offering of health services, adequate or not to the people demands and the pharmaceutical assistance policy in the state. In conclusion, it was possible to obtain a more complete overview about how the health system of Pernambuco has attended the people expectations by the users perspectives.

  2. Ferns and lycophytes of Pernambuco State, Brazil: Metaxyaceae

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    Iva Carneiro Leão Barros

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available The present paper elucidates part of the fern flora of Pernambuco State. Metaxyaceae is native to the state and is represented by a single species, Metaxya rostrata (Kunth C. Presl. Descriptions and illustrations, as well as geographical distribution and habitats, are presented.

  3. Megalópole Recife: cultura, pós-modernidade e cidadania

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    Patricia Bandeira de Melo

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo apresenta uma análise de conceitos sobre a cidade, desde a visão positiva dos iluministas até o pensamento pós-moderno. Tenta ainda situar o Grande Recife dentro da visões analíticas da cidade como vício, cidade como virtude e cidade acima do bem e do mal, fazendo uma retrospectiva sobre os conceitos de flâneur, pós-modernidade, cosmopolitismo, consumo, cidadania, estudos culturais e periferia, associados à realidade local da Região Metropolitana do Recife.

  4. Comparative analysis of the environmental impacts of port activities in Pernambuco ports | Análise comparativa dos impactos ambientais das atividades portuárias nos portos de Pernambuco

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    Ana Paula Xavier de Gondra Bezerra

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Port activities can create serious consequences to human health, coastal ecosystems and socioeconomic activities. The panorama of the port sector shows a scenario of intense transformation, whose environmental impacts should be analyzed carefully. The main impacts are due to the port operation and infrastructure deployment activities to promote the transit of cargo. In this sense, the objective of this work is to identify the main environmental impacts from port activities in the state of Pernambuco (Suape and Recife’s. Through this, the proposed methodology was based on conducting research and synthesis from bibliographic material of the area to generate this literature review. It was found that port implementation activities can cause the following impacts: the hydrological pattern and sediment dynamics of natural coastal areas (habitats, ecosystems, changes in the coastline, vegetation removal, modification in the layout and channel changes at the bottom of water bodies, water pollution, soil, subsoil and air. On the other hand, port operation activities can generate environmental problems, such as changes in water quality, air pollution due to the emission of gaseous and solid particles, various disorders due to the traffic of heavy vehicles in the urban environments, generation of odors, noise, change of landscape, disturbances in fauna and flora, the increase of endemic disease vectors in man, and the introduction of exotic species. All these problems have been identified both in Port of Suape and Port of Recife as based on previous survey studies. It is concluded that these activities are necessary for the operation of ports, and in this sense the monitoring of these areas becomes necessary to monitor the risks and environmental impacts so that the actions of the ports do not compromise the ecological balance.

  5. Risk evaluation and exposure control of mineral dust containing free crystalline silica: a study case at a quarry in the Recife Metropolitan Area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lira, Mario; Kohlman Rabbani, E; Barkokébas Junior, Beda; Lago, Eliane

    2012-01-01

    During the production of aggregates at quarry sites, elevated quantities of micro-particulate mineral dust are produced in all stages of the process. This dust contains appreciable amounts of free crystalline silica in a variety of forms which, if maintained suspended in the air in the work environment, expose the workers to the risk of developing occupational silicosis, which causes reduced ability to work and potential shortening of lifespan. This study was conducted to qualitatively and quantitatively evaluate workers' exposure to mineral dust containing free crystalline silica at a midsized quarry in the Recife metropolitan area, in the State of Pernambuco. It involved evaluation of the industrial process, collection and analysis of representative dust samples, and interviews with the management team of the company with the intent to assess the compliance of the company with Regulatory Standard (NR) 22--Occupational safety and health in mining. In order to assist the company in managing risks related to dust exposure, three protocols were developed, implemented and made available, the first based on NR 22, from which the company was also given an economic safety indicator, the second based on the recommendations and requirements of Fundacentro to implement a Respiratory Protection Program and, finally, an assessment protocol with respect to the guidelines of the International Labor Organization to implement a health and safety management system. This study also showed the inadequacy of the formula for calculating tolerance limits in Brazilian legislation when compared with the more strict internationally accepted control parameters. From the laboratory results, unhealthy conditions at the quarry site were confirmed and technical and administrative measures were suggested to reduce and control dust exposure at acceptable levels, such as the implementation of an occupational health and safety management system, integrated with other management systems. From these

  6. Evolução de homicídios por área geográfica em Pernambuco entre 1980 e 1998 Homicide progression per geographical area in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil, 1980-1998

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    Maria Luiza C de Lima

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar magnitude e evolução temporal de homicídios na população masculina, segundo divisão geopolítica. MÉTODOS: Foi realizado estudo do tipo ecológico, no qual se efetuou uma análise de série temporal utilizando-se as técnicas de média móvel e análise de regressão. Foi estudada a população masculina de 15 a 49 anos de idade, residente no estado de Pernambuco, Brasil. A fonte de dados utilizada para os óbitos foi o Sistema de Informação em Mortalidade do Ministério da Saúde. Para a população, foram usados os dados dos censos de 1980, 1991 e a contagem populacional de 1996 da Fundação Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística. Para os anos intercensitários, as populações foram estimadas por interpolação e, para os anos de 1997 e 1998, por projeção, usando-se o método geométrico. RESULTADOS: Na década de 1980, houve crescimento mais elevado (390% nas taxas de homicídios em Recife, capital do estado de Pernambuco. Na década de 90, o maior crescimento ocorreu na região metropolitana (68,5%, sugerindo disseminação da violência da capital em direção aos demais municípios da grande Recife. A tendência das taxas de homicídios apresentou comportamento de crescimento linear no interior do estado. Já na capital e região metropolitana, esse comportamento caracterizou-se por um crescimento exponencial. O percentual de homicídios por arma de fogo a partir de 1984 apresentou-se acima de 50% nas três áreas estudadas. CONCLUSÕES: A evolução dos homicídios nas três áreas estudadas revela um crescimento diferenciado e ressalta que embora seja o mesmo fenômeno -- homicídio masculino --, as dinâmicas geradoras desse processo possuem especificidades entre esses espaços mais urbanos e o interior que devem ser levadas em consideração no desenvolvimento de políticas públicas regionalizadas de assistência às vítimas e de prevenção desses eventos.OBJECTIVE: To analyze the magnitude

  7. Aechmea Ruiz & Pav. (Bromeliaceae do Estado de Pernambuco, Brasil Aechmea Ruiz & Pav. (Bromeliaceae from Pernambuco State, Brazil

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    Gardene Maria de Sousa

    2000-04-01

    Full Text Available Foram registradas dez espécies do gênero Aechmea no Estado de Pernambuco: A. aquilega (Salisb. Griseb., A. eurycorymbus Harms, A. fulgensBrongn., A. lingulata (L. Baker, A. mertensü(G. Mey. Schult. f., A. mulfordii L. B. Sm., A. murícata(Arruda L. B. Sm., A. stelligera L. B. Sm., A. tomentosa M&z e A. werdermannii Harms. Duas espécies são endêmicas (A. murícata e A. werdermannii e uma nova ocorrência (A. stelligerd foi referida para Pernambuco. São apresentados chave, descrições, ilustrações e comentários das espécies estudadas.A taxonomic study of the genus Aechmea ofPernambuco, Brazil was done. Ten species were found: A. aquilega (Salisb. Griseb., A. euryccrymhusHarms, A.fulgensBrongn., A. lingulataXL. Baker, A. mertensii(G. Mey. Schult. f., A. mulfordiih. B. Sm., A. murícata (Arruda L. B. Sm., A. stelligera L. B. Sm., A. tomentosa Mez and A werdermannii Harms. Aechmea murícata and A. werdermannii are endemic, and A. stelligera is a new records for Pernambuco State. Key, descriptions, comments and illustrations of the species are included.

  8. NOSOLOGY OF HAND DISEASES IN CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS OPERATED IN PROVISIONAL FACILITIES IN A MODEL HOSPITAL - PERNAMBUCO STATE, BRAZIL.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cortez, Mauri; Silva, Rui Ferreira da; Gilbert, Alain; Brandt, Carlos Teixeira; Valenti, Philippe

    2010-01-01

    To report the frequencies of congenital hand diseases in patients who underwent surgery on a collective mobilization basis at SOS Hand, Recife, Pernambuco, between 2005 and 2009. Information was collected from 833 children and adolescents who were examined in eight missions. Among the patients, 306 (36.7%) underwent surgery: 240 (78.4%) because of congenital malformation and 66 (21.6%) because of acquired lesions. The most frequent congenital malformations were: syndactyly, 72 cases (30.0%); polydactyly, 30 cases (12.5%); bifid thumb, 19 cases (7.9%); complex hand malformation, 14 cases (5.8%); cleft hand, 13 cases (5.4%); trigger finger, 12 cases (5.0%); camptodactyly, 11 cases (4.6%); and brachysyndactyly, 9 cases (3.7%). The most frequently acquired injuries were: obstetric traumatic lesions, 26 cases (39.4%); hand trauma sequelae, 18 cases (27.3%); cerebral paralysis sequelae, 7 cases (10.6%); electric shock sequelae, 5 cases (7.6%); and burn sequelae, 4 cases (6.1%). The nosology of hand diseases is similar to that of large series of elective surgery, especially regarding congenital deformities. The frequency of acquired hand lesions seems to be higher than the frequency in international series. The collective mobilization system for hand surgery is important for decreasing the need for this activity in public institutions, and it has been shown to be very efficient. The success of the project may provide support for the Brazilian National Health System to enroll hand surgeons in the on-call system, in emergency units.

  9. Violência contra idosos no ambiente doméstico: prevalência e fatores associados (Recife/PE Violence against the elderly in the home environment: prevalence and associated factors (Recife, State of Pernambuco

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    Andrezza Marques Duque

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo teve como objetivo de determinar a prevalência e os fatores associados à violência doméstica contra pessoas idosas. Estudo de corte transversal com 274 sujeitos, com 60 anos ou mais, de ambos os sexos. Os dados foram coletados por meio de entrevistas nos domicílios ou nas USF a partir de roteiro estruturado em três blocos: questionário com informações biodemográficas e sociodemográficas; duas escalas de avaliação e; instrumento para identificação de violência. Entre os entrevistados, 20,8% relataram ter sofrido pelo menos um dos tipos de violência em seu ambiente doméstico. Observou-se associação entre os que moravam com um número maior de indivíduos, entre as mulheres e idosos dependentes para as atividades instrumentais da vida diária. Após o modelo de regressão logística, apenas as variáveis sexo e arranjo familiar mostraram-se associadas significativamente, havendo evidência de maior ocorrência entre os que coabitavam com seis ou mais moradores e as mulheres. Estes achados evidenciam a magnitude e gravidade do problema e alerta para a necessidade de ações no combate à violência contra a pessoa idosa.The scope of this paper was to determine the prevalence and factors associated with domestic violence against the elderly. It is a cross-sectional study with 274 subjects, aged 60 years or more, of both sexes. Data were collected through interviews at home or in the USF based on a script structured in three parts: questionnaire with socio-demographic and bio-demographic information, two rating scales and a tool for identifying abuse. Among the respondents, 20.8% reported having experienced at least one type of violence in their home environment. An association was revealed between those living with a greater number of individuals, among women and elderly people who are dependent for day-to-day activities. After applying the logistic regression model, only the variables of sex and family configuration were significantly associated, with evidence of greater frequency among those who lived with six or more residents and women. These findings highlight the magnitude and seriousness of the problem and point to the need for action to combat violence against the elderly.

  10. Uranium in underground water public supply of the metropolitan region of Recife; Uranio em aguas subterraneas de abastecimento publico da regiao metropolitana do Recife

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, C.M.; Sousa, G.H.; Vasconcelos, W.E.; Hazin, C.A.; Amaral, R.S. [Pernambuco Univ., Recife, PE (Brazil). Dept. de Energia Nuclear; Lima, R.A. [Centro Regional de Ciencias Nucleares (CRCN), Recife, PE (Brazil)

    2001-07-01

    The geologic formation of the metropolitan region of Recife is of sedimentary origin. In the coast area, where the phosphate deposits are located, it is sufficiently rich in underground hydric features. In the superposed layers of the sedimentary basin exists three underground aquifers and 80% of the underground hydric features of public supplying of the metropolitan region of Recife are located in the phosphate deposits, which are rich in uranium. Physiologically the uranian are in the steady state (6+) with bivalent cations U{sup 2+}{sub 2}. The ingestion of uranium by man occurs through foods and water ingestion. The places of the human body where it has greater clamping of this radionuclides are the bones. The uranium is deposited slowly from surface of the bone, redistributing itself in route to the marrow. An important competition between Ca{sup 2+}{sub 2} and the UO{sup 2+}{sub 2} exists in the kidneys, where the Ca{sup 2+}{sub 2} efficiently is absorbed. This work was carried through aiming to determine the concentrations of uranium in waters of the wells of public supplying of the metropolitan region of Recife, collating them with the limits established for the Health Department, that establishes the level of 0.1 Bq/L referring to the total alpha radioactivity in drinking waters.

  11. Evaluation of conventional x-ray diagnostic equipment and radiological protection systems of hospitals and clinics installed in Recife city, Brazil; Avaliacao dos equipamentos de raios-X diagnostico convencionais e dos sistemas de protecao radiologica de clinicas e hospitais da cidade de Recife

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Passos, Robson Silva

    1999-05-15

    Diagnostic radiology is the main contributor to the man-made exposure of general population. Since Quality Assurance (QA) programs ensure high quality diagnostic images with the lowest possible radiation dose to the patient, it has been recommended that all introduce QA programs for their radiological facilities. Consequently it is important to check the adequacy of equipment operating parameters in diagnostic radiography facilities, to ensure that a high quality of service is delivered. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the operating conditions of diagnostic units installed in Recife, Pernambuco. The study included 31 X-ray units from both public and private diagnostic services. The following parameters were evaluated: coincidence between the luminous and radiation fields; alignment of the radiation beam; agreement between the real and preset values of kVp and exposure time; filtration; half value lower (HVL); luminance of the view box; uniformity of the luminance; illuminance of the environment. The results showed that 20% of the equipment surveyed exhibited discrepancies between the luminous and radiation fields greater than 2% of the source to skin distance. The test of kilovoltage showed that 48% of the units do not fulfill the acceptability criteria, presenting discrepancies higher than {+-} 10% between the measured and preset values. The results of the accuracy of the timer indicated that 81% of the equipment surveyed present a discrepancy greater than {+-} 10% between the time selected in the control panel and actual exposure time.The test of the filtration shown that, in 20% of the equipment, this was inferior to 2,5 mm Al. The test of the luminance of view box shown that 96% of the equipment, shown a luminance lower of 2.000 cd/m{sup 2}. Related to the test of the uniformity of the luminance, 81 % of the equipment shown a variation of the uniformity higher then 10%. The test of the iluminancy of the environment shown that 61 % of the equipment

  12. Educação nutricional na escola do primeiro grau: uma proposição para Pernambuco (Brasil Nutritional education in primary schools: a proposal for Pernambuco (Brazil

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    Eronides da Silva Lima

    1986-02-01

    Full Text Available Propõe-se um modelo de ensino em nutrição para a escola do primeiro grau do Estado de Pernambuco (Brasil. Com base no estudo da proposta curricular de ciências que contém "Programas de Saúde", e nos resultados da pesquisa realizada com alunos da oitava série e professores da área metropolitana de Recife, elaborou-se um programa de ensino em nutrição que representa os temas sugeridos pelos alunos. Esta fase compreendeu: seleção de objetivos; seleção e organização do conteúdo; seleção de técnicas; recursos e instrumentos de avaliação, considerando os aspectos de logicidade, gradualidade, continuidade e integração. Os seguintes objetivos gerais de cada série nortearam a seleção e organização dos temas: a Primeira série - Identificar a interdependência entre: ambiente, homem e alimento; b Segunda série - Classificar os alimentos conforme a sua origem e função e identificar os recursos alimentares da comunidade; c Terceira série - Agrupar os alimentos conforme a predominância de substâncias nutritivas e sua função no organismo e identificar os recursos alimentares do município; d Quarta série - Identificar formas de higiene e conservação de alimentos e a produção agrícola e pecuária do Estado; e Quinta série - Conhecer normas gerais de inspeção industrial e sanitária de alimentos; f Sexta série - Conhecer as preparações habituais e típicas de região, bem como outras formas de utilização das fontes alimentares disponíveis e respectivas formas de preparo e cozimento; g Sétima série - Identificar os fatores que interferem no acesso e utilização de uma dieta adequada às necessidades nutricionais de uma comunidade; h Oitava série - Conhecer as doenças nutricionais mais freqüentes em Pernambuco e no Brasil, seus fatores determinantes, conseqüências e medidas preventivas adotadas. O programa proposto pode ser agregado ao "Programas de Saúde" correspondendo cada série a uma unidade entre

  13. The Inconsistent City, Participatory Planning, and the Part of No Part in Recife, Brazil

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vries, de Pieter

    2016-01-01

    This article engages with the trajectory of urban participation in Recife, Brazil, from its start as a governance system aimed at ensuring the right of the poor to the city, to the introduction by the Workers' Party of participatory budgeting. I argue that participation is used by the state in

  14. The Recife of Freyre and the Mangueboys: Views on the Space and Life of the City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ESDRAS CARLOS DE LIMA OLIVEIRA

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to catch sight of Recife from two distinct perspectives. On one hand, we can see Recife in the memories of Gilberto Freyre in his book Guia Prático e sentimental do Recife, where the author honors the city where he lives starting from his past of dominant colonial location before the evil of devastating Modernity could change it in such a way that he could not recognize certain traces of his city. On the other hand, we have the views of some mangueboys, so called the components of the cultural scene Manguebeat in the 90s last century. The Modernity which changed Freyre’s city is seen from the peripheries in the mistakes, in the chaos of the metropolis in which became the bucolic Recife in the past. Checking the work from these individuals we can see the different views on the city, on the two-storied houses and houses on stilts. It is seen with disparate tones, sounds and feelings.

  15. Paulo Freire: The Man from Recife. Counterpoints: Studies in the Postmodern Theory of Education. Volume 385

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirylo, James D.

    2011-01-01

    The unfolding of Paulo Freire's philosophy, uniqueness, and the lens through which he viewed the world, which ultimately brought this gentle spirit of a man onto the world stage, began at a young age in his hometown of Recife, Brazil. Remarkably grounded in the wisdom of humility, yet gifted with a determined strength, deep insight, and perceptive…

  16. In fear of abandonment : slum life, community leaders and politics in Recife, Brazil

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koster, M.

    2009-01-01

    This book sets out to contribute to the pursuit of ‘making nonpersons full human beings’
    (Boff & Boff:1987:8). It provides insights in the lives of residents of the slum of “Chão de
    Estrelas” in Recife, Brazil. I argue that slum dwellers should not be mystified and

  17. In fear of abandonment : slum life, community leaders and politics in Recife, Brazil

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koster, M.

    2009-01-01

    This book sets out to contribute to the pursuit of ‘making nonpersons full human beings’ (Boff & Boff:1987:8). It provides insights in the lives of residents of the slum of “Chão de Estrelas” in Recife, Brazil. I argue that slum dwellers should not be mystified and misrecognised as “the

  18. Mortalidade devido a acidentes de bicicletas em Pernambuco, Brasil Mortality due to bicycle accidents in Pernambuco, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reginaldo Inojosa Carneiro Campello

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available O artigo tem por objetivo analisar os casos de morte nos acidentes com bicicleta ocorridos em Pernambuco entre 2001 e 2010. Este estudo quantitativo analisou dados secundários. A amostra consistiu de todas as Declarações de Óbitos registradas no Sistema de Informação de Mortalidade do Banco de Dados do Sistema Único de Saúde que relataram acidentes de bicicleta entre 2001 e 2010. Medidas descritivas foram determinadas para todas as variáveis. As sociodemográficas foram cruzadas com a causa básica de morte em busca de correlação estatística. Em Pernambuco, no citado sistema de informação, foram registradas 517 Declarações de Óbitos decorrentes de acidentes de bicicleta, sendo nestes sinistros a participação mais frequente de homens, entre 25-59 anos, pardos, solteiros e de escolaridade ignorada. A idade média foi de 36,82 anos (desvio padrão = 17,026, sendo a idade mínima e a máxima, respectivamente, 4 e 86 anos. Os achados apontam para a necessidade da criação de infraestrutura adequada e de medidas legais efetivas para prevenir acidentes de tráfego envolvendo este tipo de veículo, apoiando-se na evidência de distribuição de casos na maioria dos municípios de Pernambuco.The scope of this paper was to conduct a quantitative analysis of deaths resulting from bicycle accidents in the state of Pernambuco by studying secondary data between 2001 and 2010. The sample consisted of all the Deaths recorded in the Mortality Information System of the Unified Health System Database that reported bicycle accidents between 2001 and 2010. Descriptive measures were determined for all variables. Socio-demographic variables were paired with the basic cause of death in order to find a statistical correlation. In Pernambuco, the aforementioned information system recorded 517 deaths resulting from bicycle accidents, with greater frequency in men between 25 and 59 years of age, Afro-Brazilians, single and of unknown schooling. The mean

  19. Evaluation of odontological X ray and conventional radiology, and mammography installed at Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil, during the period of 2005 to 2010

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Asfora, Viviane Khoury; Andrade, Marcos Ely; Barros, Vinicius Saito de; Khoury, Helen J.; Brasileiro, Izabela V.

    2011-01-01

    This paper studied the performance of 48 X ray equipment of odontological clinics, 22 mammography, 104 conventional X ray equipment. Accuracy tests were performed and the reproducibility of exposure time and the applied voltage to the X ray tube, collimation and alignment of the radiation beam, half-thickness and filtration. The obtained results have shown that for the mammography, only 55% of evaluated equipment attended to all requirements of the Portaria 453 of the Ministry of Health and that 46% of the odontological equipment and 53% of X-ray equipment attended to all the requirements of the document. The items presenting more inadequacy were collimation, beam filtration and time of accuracy of exposure ad voltage

  20. Seasonal changes of water quality in a tropical shallow and eutrophic reservoir in the metropolitan region of Recife (Pernambuco-Brazil

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    FÁBIO H.P.C. DE OLIVEIRA

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This study investigated the water quality in an urban eutrophic reservoir in Northeastern Brazil, considering the influence of seasonality. Monthly, samples were collected in the sub-surface reservoir. The following abiotic variables were analyzed: temperature, pH, dissolved oxygen, apparent color, turbidity, conductivity, fluoride, total nitrogen, chlorides, total dissolved solids, total hardness, iron, copper, manganese, aluminum, chlorophyll-a and phaeophytin. Total and thermotolerant coliforms were analyzed according to APHA (2012. Cyanobacteria density was quantified through its biomass. The data were analyzed using one- way ANOVA and Pearson correlation test. Higher values mean phytoplankton biomass (26.3mm3.L–1 occurred in the dry season, especially Planktothrix agardhii and Geiterinema amphibium, which occurred in 100% of samples. High trophic state index was detected throughout the year. Seasonality exerted some influence on both biotic and abiotc variables, leading to changes in water quality of the reservoir.

  1. Optimization of internal monitoring methodology of 18F in the form of 18FDG at the CRCN-NE, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lacerda, Isabelle V.B.; Xavier, Aline C.S.; Lima, Fabiana F.; Oliveira, Mercia L.; Oliveira, Cassio M.; Silva, Tania V. da; Alonso, Thessa C.; Silva, Teogenes A. da

    2011-01-01

    The work aims to optimize and improve the efficiency of the internal monitoring technique developed at Centro Regional de Ciencias Nucleares do Nordeste for F-18 in form of F-18DG radiopharmaceuticals. It was performed two assays for the methodology developed. The first was performed in a makeshift room, while the second was performed in a room with walls reinforced with concrete. The detection system was a NaI (Tl) 3 x 3 s cintillation detector, coupled with the software Genie 2000. In order to obtain the calibration factor, a brain phantom containing 22 Na liquid source was measured. The interpretation of the bioassay data was performed using the biokinetic models provided by the ICRP 53 and edited by software AIDE-version 6, which gives the fraction of activity retained in the organs as a function of time. The sensitivities of detection were similar, resulting in a minimum detectable dose below 1 mSv, as recommended by the IAEA. (author)

  2. [Decentralization of epidemiological surveillance in Pernambuco State, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albuquerque, Ana Coelho de; Mota, Eduardo Luiz Andrade; Felisberto, Eronildo

    2015-04-01

    The study aimed to analyze the relationship between decentralization of the Brazilian Unified National Health System (SUS) and the development of epidemiological surveillance activities in municipalities (counties) in Pernambuco State, Brazil. This was an exploratory descriptive qualitative and quantitative study, including a document search, completion of semi-structured interviews by key informants, and an ecological spatial and time trend study of selected health indicators, covering a 10-year period (2001-2010). The study showed that municipalities adhered to the decentralization process, which was making progress in Pernambuco, but with inequalities and weaknesses in its development. There was also a fluctuation in the time series for the selected indicators. Thus, even though the decentralization of epidemiological surveillance is still incipient in some municipalities, their protagonist role in implementing the activities promotes empowerment at the local level by producing key information for decision-making.

  3. Carbonate Buildups in the Pernambuco Basin, NE Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buarque, Bruno V; Barbosa, José A; Oliveira, Jefferson T C; Magalhães, José R G; Correia, Osvaldo J

    2017-01-01

    The Pernambuco Basin represents one of the most prominent regions for deep water oil and gas exploration off the Brazilian coast. This study aims to identify and describe the occurrence of carbonate buildups in the offshore regions of the basin. The study was based on an analysis of a set of 143 2D time-migrated seismic sections that cover the offshore region of the Pernambuco Basin. An interpretation of the seismic dataset was used to define the main seismic sequences related to the main regional pulses of deposition and to identify three main groups of carbonate buildups: 1) shelf margin reefs, 2) patch reefs, and 3) isolated carbonate buildups. The carbonate buildups formed in two main intervals during post-rift sequences of the Santonian-Maastrichtian and Paleocene-Middle Miocene, which extend the known periods of carbonate deposit formation in the basin. The formation of carbonate buildups was controlled by the tectonic evolution of the Pernambuco Plateau, which created a series of paleotopographic highs that enabled the establishment of oceanographically and climatically favorable conditions for carbonate formation and deposition. These findings are important for understanding the evolution of the basin and for future evaluations of its petroleum potential.

  4. Distribution of forensic marker allelic frequencies in Pernambuco, Northestern Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, S M; Souza, C A; Rabelo, K C N; Souza, P R E; Moura, R R; Oliveira, T C; Crovella, S

    2015-04-30

    Pernambuco is one of the 27 federal units of Brazil, ranking seventh in the number of inhabitants. We examined the allele frequencies of 13 short tandem repeat loci (CFS1PO, D3S1358, D5S818, D7S820, D8S1179, D13S317, D16S539, D18S51, D21S11, FGA, TH01, vWA, and TPOX), the minimum recommended by the Federal Bureau of Investigation and commonly used in forensic genetics laboratories in Brazil, in a sample of 609 unrelated individuals from all geographic regions of Pernambuco. The allele frequencies ranged from 5 to 47.2%. No significant differences for any loci analyzed were observed compared with other publications in other various regions of Brazil. Most of the markers observed were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The occurrence of the allele 47.2 (locus FGA) and alleles 35.1 and 39 (locus D21S11), also described in a single study of the Brazilian population, was observed. The other forensic parameters analyzed (matching probability, power of discrimination, polymorphic information content, paternity exclusion, complement factor I, observed heterozygosity, expected heterozygosity) indicated that the studied markers are very informative for human forensic identification purposes in the Pernambuco population.

  5. Carbonate Buildups in the Pernambuco Basin, NE Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BRUNO V. BUARQUE

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT The Pernambuco Basin represents one of the most prominent regions for deep water oil and gas exploration off the Brazilian coast. This study aims to identify and describe the occurrence of carbonate buildups in the offshore regions of the basin. The study was based on an analysis of a set of 143 2D time-migrated seismic sections that cover the offshore region of the Pernambuco Basin. An interpretation of the seismic dataset was used to define the main seismic sequences related to the main regional pulses of deposition and to identify three main groups of carbonate buildups: 1 shelf margin reefs, 2 patch reefs, and 3 isolated carbonate buildups. The carbonate buildups formed in two main intervals during post-rift sequences of the Santonian-Maastrichtian and Paleocene-Middle Miocene, which extend the known periods of carbonate deposit formation in the basin. The formation of carbonate buildups was controlled by the tectonic evolution of the Pernambuco Plateau, which created a series of paleotopographic highs that enabled the establishment of oceanographically and climatically favorable conditions for carbonate formation and deposition. These findings are important for understanding the evolution of the basin and for future evaluations of its petroleum potential.

  6. Health information systems and pesticide poisoning at Pernambuco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Costa Cavalcanti de Albuquerque

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Understanding the epidemiologic profile of a particular disease is key to undertake health actions. To that end, information systems that present quality data help in the decision-making process and demonstrate the impact of the problems.OBJECTIVE: To analyze the contribution of health information systems for the characterization of pesticide poisoning through SINAN, CEATOX and SIM in the State of Pernambuco.METHOD: In this study, the completeness and consistency of the data were assessed, as well as the epidemiological profile of pesticide poisoning in Pernambuco in the period from 2008 to 2012, based on the following Health Information Systems: Center for Toxicological Assistance of Pernambuco (CEATOX, Notifiable Diseases Information System (SINAN and Mortality Information System (SIM.RESULTS: The data revealed incompleteness and inconsistencies in information. Regarding the profile, females are more affected in the morbidity profile, and men have a higher mortality rate. Poisoning was more frequent in young adults with low educational level. With regard to the circumstances, most of the cases were suicide attempts, unique acute cases and not related to work. Despite suggesting underreporting, the data showed that persons engaged in agriculture are most commonly affected.CONCLUSION: The strengthening of these systems is necessary for the generation of consistent information that support health policies for the population groups involved.

  7. [Mortality due to bicycle accidents in Pernambuco, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galvão, Pauliana Valéria Machado; Pestana, Luciana Pinto; Pestana, Valter Mário; Spíndola, Michelline Oliveira Pedrosa; Campello, Reginaldo Inojosa Carneiro; de Souza, Eliane Helena Alvim

    2013-05-01

    The scope of this paper was to conduct a quantitative analysis of deaths resulting from bicycle accidents in the state of Pernambuco by studying secondary data between 2001 and 2010. The sample consisted of all the Deaths recorded in the Mortality Information System of the Unified Health System Database that reported bicycle accidents between 2001 and 2010. Descriptive measures were determined for all variables. Socio-demographic variables were paired with the basic cause of death in order to find a statistical correlation. In Pernambuco, the aforementioned information system recorded 517 deaths resulting from bicycle accidents, with greater frequency in men between 25 and 59 years of age, Afro-Brazilians, single and of unknown schooling. The mean age was 36.82 years (SD = 17.026), and the minimum and maximum age of 4 and 86 years old, respectively. The findings highlight the need for the creation of adequate infrastructure and effective legal measures to prevent traffic accidents involving this type of vehicle, relying on the evidence of distribution of cases in most Pernambuco municipalities.

  8. Health information systems and pesticide poisoning at Pernambuco.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Albuquerque, Pedro Costa Cavalcanti; Gurgel, Idê Gomes Dantas; Gurgel, Aline do Monte; Augusto, Lia Giraldo da Silva; de Siqueira, Marília Teixeira

    2015-01-01

    Understanding the epidemiologic profile of a particular disease is key to undertake health actions. To that end, information systems that present quality data help in the decision-making process and demonstrate the impact of the problems. To analyze the contribution of health information systems for the characterization of pesticide poisoning through SINAN, CEATOX and SIM in the State of Pernambuco. In this study, the completeness and consistency of the data were assessed, as well as the epidemiological profile of pesticide poisoning in Pernambuco in the period from 2008 to 2012, based on the following Health Information Systems: Center for Toxicological Assistance of Pernambuco (CEATOX), Notifiable Diseases Information System (SINAN) and Mortality Information System (SIM). The data revealed incompleteness and inconsistencies in information. Regarding the profile, females are more affected in the morbidity profile, and men have a higher mortality rate. Poisoning was more frequent in young adults with low educational level. With regard to the circumstances, most of the cases were suicide attempts, unique acute cases and not related to work. Despite suggesting underreporting, the data showed that persons engaged in agriculture are most commonly affected. The strengthening of these systems is necessary for the generation of consistent information that support health policies for the population groups involved.

  9. Estudos sobre a Esquistosomose em Pernambuco, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aggeu Magalhães

    1940-01-01

    Full Text Available Os autores referem os resultados dos estudos sobre esquistosomose realisados, em Pernambuco, de Novembro de 1938 a Dezembro de 1939. Não se extendem em discussão, nem comentarios, tampouco, relacionam suas verificações com o que já foi relatado sobre o assunto em trabalhos nacionais e estrangeiros, pelo fato de que, não se trata de um resultado definitivo e sim de atividades que irão proseguir. Os estudos sistematicos em torno da endemia esquistosomica foram executados em duas localidades diversas pela população e pela situação geografica e ecologica. Pontezinha é uma povoação de 1200 habitantes localizada proximo a um conjunto de charcos e lagõas de agua dôce onde pululam caramujos do tipo olivaceus de Spix, e apresenta uma taxa de infestação de 21,4% para individuos do sexo masculino, e de 14,7% para os do sexo feminino. A distribuição por grupos de idade mostra que a incidencia cresce até o grupo de 16 a 20 anos de idade, quando atinge a percentagem de 37,8%, para decrescer em seguida. Em Vitoria a incidencia foi maior nos indivíduos do sexo feminino, atingindo a taxa de 41,4%, dando o sexo masculino a taxa de 36,9%. Por idade a percentagem maxima é atingida pelo grupo de 11 a 15 anos. Vitoria é uma cidade de 1500 habitantes, construida á margem do rio Tapacurá, onde se encontram numerosos caramujos do tipo centimetralis Lutz. A divergencia de incidencia corre por conta dos habitos da população e pela utilização que ela faz do rio, sendo maior em Vitoria porque a proximidade do rio facilita o uso de suas aguas para banho e serviços domesticos, condicionando este ultimo fato, a maior infestação das mulheres. O estudo da frequencia da infestação dos caramujos por cercarias de diversos trematodios, permite suspeitar uma relação inversa entre a taxa de infestação e o diametro maximo atingido pelos caramujos, parecendo este fato confirmar os trabalhos de Vianna Martins sobre a identidade dos hospedeiros

  10. Phyllanthus L. (Phyllanthaceae em Pernambuco, Brasil Phyllanthus L. (Phyllanthaceae in Pernambuco State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos José da Silva

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available O estudo foi baseado na análise morfológica de materiais herborizados e observação em campo. Foram registradas 17 espécies diferenciadas, principalmente, através do número e forma das sépalas, número e união dos estames, além do sexo da inflorescência e ornamentação da testa das sementes. Dessas espécies, seis (P. amarus Schum. & Thonn., P. tenellus Roxb., P. caroliniensis Walt. subsp. caroliniensis, P. niruri L., P. orbiculatus L.C. Rich. e P. stipulatus (Raf. Webster apresentam ampla distribuição no Estado, quatro (P. chacoensis Morong, P. klotzschianus Müll. Arg., P. heteradenius Müll. Arg., P. claussenii Müll. Arg. restringiram-se a zona das Caatingas, sendo P. chacoensis Morong restrita à vegetação ripária do vale do rio São Francisco e as demais (P. acuminatus Vahl, P. subemarginatus Müll. Arg., P. minutulus Müll. Arg., P. hypoleucus Müll. Arg., P. juglandifolius Willd., P. urinaria L. e P. grandyi M.J. Silva & M.F. Sales são de ambientes florestais da zona da Mata, podendo ainda alcançar as florestas montanas, "brejos" de Altitude, do interior do Estado. Chave para identificação, comentários sobre afinidades e distribuição geográfica, bem como ilustrações, são fornecidas.This study was based on morphological analysis of dry material and field observations. The 17 species found in Pernambuco are recognized by sepal number and shape, number and fusion of the stamens, inflorescence sex and seed coat ornamentation. Six species (P. amarus Schum. & Thonn., P. tenellus Roxb., P. caroliniensis Walt. subsp. caroliniensis, P. niruri L., P. orbiculatus L.C. Rich. and P. stipulatus (Raf. Webster are widely distributed in Pernambuco; four (P. chacoensis Morong, P. klotzschianus Müll. Arg., P. heteradenius Müll. Arg., P. claussenii Müll. Arg. are restricted to the caatinga biome, where P. chacoensis is restricted to riparian vegetation of the São Francisco River. The other species (P. acuminatus Vahl, P

  11. Pact for Life and the Reduction of Homicides in the State of Pernambuco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luiz Ratton

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The Pact for Life, the Public Security Policy implemented in Pernambuco in 2007, is identified as a successful policy that produced a large reduction in homicides in Pernambuco. This article seeks to discuss and interpret the main dimensions of this policy and also point to the progress and challenges, especially in how it is perceived by civil society organizations.

  12. URBAN CLIMATE ZONING IN RECIFE: A CONTRIBUTION TO THE URBAN PLANNING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hugo Rogério de Barros

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo visa, através de técnicas de sensoriamento remoto, Geoprocessamento e análise da paisagem, zonear a cidade do Recife segundo critérios de ordem bioclimática. Buscaremos relacionar fatores de ordem natural como relevo, vegetação e clima com os tipos de ocupação, dados econômicos e a formação cultural das paisagens com a finalidade de que, futuramente, medidas de mitigação possam ser pensadas tendo como base o conhecimento dos mosaicos sócio-ambientais existentes no espaço urbano do Recife.

  13. Avaliabilidade do programa academia da saúde no recife: Um estudo de caso

    OpenAIRE

    SILVA, Rafaela Niels da

    2015-01-01

    O Programa Academia da Saúde (PAS) foi implantado na cidade do Recife a partir de 2011 e tem o objetivo contribuir para a promoção da saúde e produção do cuidado através de ações articuladas no âmbito da Atenção Básica. Entretanto, o programa ainda não foi submetido a avaliações. Esta dissertação foi desenvolvida em formato de artigo e tem como objetivo aferir a avaliabilidade do programa Academia da Saúde em Recife. Para tanto, desenvolveu-se um estudo de caso com ênfase na...

  14. Structure and dynamics of the shark assemblage off Recife, Northeastern Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Afonso, André S; Andrade, Humber A; Hazin, Fábio H V

    2014-01-01

    Understanding the ecological factors that regulate elasmobranch abundance in nearshore waters is essential to effectively manage coastal ecosystems and promote conservation. However, little is known about elasmobranch populations in the western South Atlantic Ocean. An 8-year, standardized longline and drumline survey conducted in nearshore waters off Recife, northeastern Brazil, allowed us to describe the shark assemblage and to monitor abundance dynamics using zero-inflated generalized additive models. This region is mostly used by several carcharhinids and one ginglymostomid, but sphyrnids are also present. Blacknose sharks, Carcharhinus acronotus, were mostly mature individuals and declined in abundance throughout the survey, contrasting with nurse sharks, Ginglymostoma cirratum, which proliferated possibly due to this species being prohibited from all harvest since 2004 in this region. Tiger sharks, Galeocerdo cuvier, were mostly juveniles smaller than 200 cm and seem to use nearshore waters off Recife between January and September. No long-term trend in tiger shark abundance was discernible. Spatial distribution was similar in true coastal species (i.e. blacknose and nurse sharks) whereas tiger sharks were most abundant at the middle continental shelf. The sea surface temperature, tidal amplitude, wind direction, water turbidity, and pluviosity were all selected to predict shark abundance off Recife. Interspecific variability in abundance dynamics across spatiotemporal and environmental gradients suggest that the ecological processes regulating shark abundance are generally independent between species, which could add complexity to multi-species fisheries management frameworks. Yet, further research is warranted to ascertain trends at population levels in the South Atlantic Ocean.

  15. Violência intrafamiliar: crimes contra a mulher na área metropolitana do Recife Violencia intra familiar: delitos contra la mujer en el area metropolitana de Recife Intrafamilial violence: criminal acts against women in Recife's metropolitan area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zélia Maria de Melo

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Esta pesquisa pretende analisar a relação entre a organização familiar e a criminalidade contra a mulher, perpetrada por companheiro ou membro de sua família. Utilizamos a análise quantitativa descritiva para o exame dos documentos e a qualitativa (análise do discurso para as entrevistas semidirigidas realizadas com as vítimas e seus familiares. Os documentos foram provenientes dos processos judiciais disponíveis nos Fóruns de Jaboatão dos Guararapes, Olinda e Recife no biênio 2004/2006. Os resultados revelaram aspectos relevantes à prática da violência, tais como: ingestão de bebidas alcoólicas, ciúmes, rompimento da relação matrimonial por iniciativa da esposa / companheira e rivalidade de gênero.Esta investigación aspira analizar la relación entre la organización familiar y la criminalidad contra perpretada por compañero o miembro de su familia. Hemos empleado la análises estadística describida. Para la análisis Documental y cualitativa. (análisis del discurso. Para las entrevistas semidirigidas realizadas con las victimas y suyos familiares. Los documentos fueron originados provenidos de los procesos judiciales disponibles en los foros de “ Jaboatao dos Guararapes, Olinda y Recife en el bienio 2004/2006. Los resultados hubieran relevado aspectos relevantes para la práctica de la violencia, tales como: Ingestión de bebidas alcohólicas, celos, rompimento de la relación conjugal por iniciativa de la mujer/compañera y rivalidad de género.This research intends to analyze the relation between the family organization and the criminal acts against women, perpetrated by the partner or other family member. We used a descriptive quantitative statistics for the documental analysis and a qualitative one (speech analysis for the semi conducted interviews with victims and their relatives. The documents were from judicial processes available in Jaboatão dos Guararapes, Olinda and Recife Forums, in the biennium 2004

  16. Fatores de risco para óbitos neonatais no Recife: um estudo caso-controle Risk factors for neonatal death in Recife: a case-control study

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    Sílvia W. Sarinho

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: a mortalidade neonatal é o componente mais importante da mortalidade infantil na cidade do Recife. Este estudo teve como objetivo determinar os principais fatores de risco para morte neonatal no município do Recife em 1995. MÉTODOS: o desenho do estudo foi do tipo caso-controle. Realizou-se a validação dos bancos de dados do Sistema de Informação em Mortalidade e Sistema de Informação Nascido Vivo, para mães residentes no Recife, no ano de 1995. Obteve-se, após técnica do linkage entre os dois bancos de dados, amostra com 456 casos e 2.280 controles. Como medida de risco utilizou-se Odds Ratio, com intervalo de confiança de 95% e para a diferença de proporção, o teste qui quadrado. Utilizou-se na análise multivariada a técnica da regressão logística. RESULTADOS: verificou-se que 358 (79,7% das crianças que evoluíram para óbito foram de baixo peso ao nascer, com risco de morte 46 vezes superior (IC=33,8-59,0 P 2.500g. Por ordem decrescente de valores da medida de associação de morte neonatal com as variáveis estudadas através da análise multivariada, os principais fatores de risco foram peso ao nascer OBJECTIVE: Neonatal mortality is the main cause of infant mortality in the city of Recife. The objective of the present study was to determine the major risk factors for neonatal death in Recife in 1995. METHODS: This is a case control study. Information was obtained from the mortality and live birth databases after validation of the data set, between January and December 1995. A sample of 456 cases and 2,280 controls was obtained after using the linkage technique between the two data sets. The difference in proportion was analyzed by the chi square test. The odds ratio was calculated as a risk measure, with a 95% confidence interval. The logistic regression technique was used to adjust potential confounding factors. RESULTS: 212 deaths (46.6% occurred in the first 24 hours of life. We found that 358 (79.7% of

  17. Dimensionamento do PIB do agronegócio em Pernambuco

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    Djalma Leite de Araújo Neto

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo é realizado devido à importância do cálculo do PIB (Produto Interno Bruto para a formulação e direcionamento de políticas, e, também, por conta da abertura dos mercados, que forçou o agronegócio, e todos os demais setores da economia, a otimizarem as suas unidades produtivas a fim de se tornarem mais competitivas. O presente trabalho conceitua e faz a caracterização setorial do que venha a ser o complexo agroindustrial (CAI, ou, em outras palavras, o agronegócio. Também trás à tona toda a metodologia usada no dimensionamento do CAI pernambucano. Na análise, a classificação setorial do CAI pernambucano e a mensuração do PIB do CAI são apresentadas. Nestas participam as mensurações dos setores que ficam a montante e a jusante, do núcleo (produto agropecuário e dos impostos. Além de outros resultados relacionados à participação dos setores a montante, a jusante e sobre o núcleo do agronegócio, aponta-se que o PIB do agronegócio de Pernambuco representa 21,2% do PIB total do estado, contra 7,7% apontados por estatísticas oficiais para o setor primário.This study is conducted due to the importance of GDP measuring in relation to policy making and because of the market globalization that forced agribusiness, and all other sectors of the economy, to optimize their productive units to become more competitive. This study derives the concept and sector characterization of what represents the Agribusiness Complex. It also brings up all methodology used in measuring Pernambuco Agribusiness Complex. In the analysis, the sector classification of Pernambuco Agribusiness Complex and the measuring of the GDP of the Agribusiness Complex, where sectors belonging to higher and lower levels of production chains, including the nucleus, and taxes are presented. Among other results related to the participation of higher and lower sectors of production chains, as well as the nucleus, it's pointed out that the agribusiness

  18. The influence of seasonality, tide and time of activities on the behavior of Sotalia guianensis (Van Bénéden (Cetacea, Delphinidae in Pernambuco, Brazil Influência da sazonalidade, maré e horário de atividades sobre o comportamento de Sotalia guianensis (Van Bénéden (Cetacea, Delphinidae em Pernambuco, Brasil

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    Janaina P. Araújo

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Data on Sotalia guianensis Van Bénéden, 1864 occurrence on the beaches of Pernambuco (Northeastern Brazil is restricted to information on stranding and on printed material from local newspapers; actual observations of such animals have not been published. This study intends to determine the use of habitat, behavioral activities and assess the relationships between environmental factors and the recorded behavior. Observations were conducted on open sea coastal areas, on the beaches of Olinda and Piedade, as well as in sheltered areas, in the ports of Recife and Suape. Monitoring was carried out every month in each area, during two consecutive days, from September 2004 to August 2005. Results corroborate that this species prefers to occupy more protected environments, the port of Recife being the main concentration area for such species. Piedade is just an exploratory area, possibly due to shark occurrence. Olinda is only occasionally used. Concentration areas seem to be used for feeding, and incidence of caudal exhibition suggests that most of the estuarine dolphin prey items are demersal. Environmental conditions (seasonality, tide and time did not show to be significant when related to the estuarine dolphin behavior.Dados sobre a ocorrência de Sotalia guianensis Van Bénéden, 1864 nas praias pernambucanas (Nordeste do Brasil estão limitados a informações de encalhes e de matérias impressas nos jornais locais, sendo inéditas observações efetivas desses animais. Este estudo pretende determinar o uso do habitat, comportamento e avaliar as relações entre fatores ambientais e as condutas registradas. Observações foram realizadas tanto em áreas costeiras de mar aberto, nas praias de Olinda e Piedade, quanto em áreas abrigadas, nos Portos do Recife e Suape. O monitoramento foi realizado por dois dias consecutivos por mês em cada área, no período de setembro de 2004 a agosto de 2005. Os resultados corroboram a preferência da esp

  19. Hydrology of the Upper Capibaribe Basin, Pernambuco, Brazil - A reconnaissance in an Area of Crystalline Rocks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chada Filho, Luiz Goncalves; Dias Pessoa, Mario; Sinclair, William C.

    1966-01-01

    The upper Capibaribe basin is the western three-fourths, approximately, of the valley of the river that empties into the Atlantic Ocean at Recife, the capital of the State of Pernambuco, Brazil. It is the part of the drainage basin that is within the Drought Polygon of northeast Brazil, and it totals about 5,400 square kilometers. It receives relatively abundant precipitation in terms of the annual average, yet is regarded as hot subhumid to semiarid because the precipitation is uneven from year to year and place to place. The dependable water supply, therefore, is small. The basin has water, which could be put to better use than at present, but the opportunities for augmenting the usable supply are not great. The streams are intermittent and therefore cannot be expected to fill surface reservoirs and to keep them filled. The ground-water reservoirs have small capacity--quickly filled and quickly drained. A rough estimate based on the records for 1964 suggests that, of 4,700 million cubic meters of precipitation in the upper Capibaribe basin, 2,700 million cubic meters (57 percent) left the basin as runoff and 2,000 million cubic meters {43 percent) went into underground storage or was evaporated or transpired. The bedrock of the upper Capibaribe basin is composed of granite, gneiss, schist, and other varieties of crystalline rocks, which have only insignificant primary permeability. They are permeable mainly where fractured. The principal fracture zones, fortunately, are in the valleys, where water accumulates and can feed into them, but the volume of fractured rock is small in relation to the basin as a whole. A well in a large water-filled fracture zone may yield up to 20,000 liters per hour, but the average well yields less than one-fourth this amount, and some wells yield none. The saprolite, or weathered rock, is many meters thick at some places especially in the eastern half of the upper Capibaribe basin. It contains water locally, but ordinarily will yield

  20. Ocorrência de Entamoeba histolytica/Entamoeba dispar em pacientes ambulatoriais de Recife, PE Occurrence of Entamoeba histolytica/Entamoeba dispar in ambulatory patients of Recife, PE

    OpenAIRE

    Antônio Dourado; Amélia Maciel; Ivanize da Silva Aca

    2006-01-01

    Este trabalho teve como objetivo determinar a ocorrência das espécies Entamoeba histolytica/Entamoeba dispar em amostras clínicas de pacientes ambulatoriais de Pernambuco. Neste estudo, foi utilizado o teste imunoenzimático específico para Entamoeba histolytica, que entre os 213 pacientes não identificou nenhuma amostra fecal positiva. Estes resultados confirmam Entamoeba dispar é a espécie dominante nesta região.The objective this study was to determine the occurrence of the species Entamoeb...

  1. Characterization of phytoplankton biodiversity in tropical shipwrecks off the coast of Pernambuco, Brazil Caracterização da biodiversidade do fitoplâncton em naufrágios tropicais da costa de Pernambuco, Brasil

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    Douglas Henrique Cavalcanti dos Santos

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The phytoplankton community was studied around two artificial reefs (shipwrecks Servemar-X and Servemar-I, located off the coast of Pernambuco, northeastern Brazil, aiming to identify and thus, better describe these environments. Water samples were collected with Nansen bottle at three depths (surface, mid-column and bottom for chlorophyll a analysis and salinity; temperature and water transparency were also measured. To collect phytoplankton samples, a diver using SCUBA equipment carried out phytoplankton hauls with a 20 µm net around the shipwrecks, about 1.5 m from the bottom for approximatly 3 minutes. Chlorophyll a concentrations at the bottom varied between 0.61 and 5.97 mg.m-3, with an average that indicates a mesotrophic environment. Temperature and salinity registered small seasonal variation, while water transparency showed a seasonal spatial pattern positively related to Chl-a rates. As regards the phytoplankton community, diatoms were the most representative group in the samples, followed by dinoflagellates, and among the species, the cyanobacteria Trichodesmium thiebautii Gomont ex Gomont prevailed quantitatively. The ecological importance of these ecosystems was confirmed by the high diversity and evenness indexes, with the influence of coastal waters playing an essential role in phytoplankton structure and diversity.A comunidade fitoplanctônica foi estudada nas adjacências de dois recifes artificiais (naufrágios Servemar-X e Servemar-I, na costa de Pernambuco, nordeste do Brasil, com o intuito de identificá-la e melhor caracterizar esses ambientes. Amostras de água foram coletadas com garrafa de Nansen em três profundidades (superfície, meio e fundo para a análise da clorofila a e salinidade, obtendo-se ainda dados de temperatura e transparência da água. Para coleta do fitoplâncton, um mergulhador utilizando equipamento SCUBA realizou arrastos com uma rede de 20 µm ao redor dos naufrágios a 1,5 m do fundo, por cerca

  2. Briófitas de caatinga: 2. Agrestina, Pernambuco, Brasil Bryophytes of caatinga 2: Agrestina, Pernambuco, Brasil

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    Kátia Cavalcanti Pôrto

    1996-07-01

    Full Text Available Em uma área de caatinga do município de Agrestina (Lat. 8º27'28"S; Long. 35º57'13"W - PE foram identificadas 13 espécies de Bryophyta, pertencentes as famílias Frullaniaceae, Lejeuneaceae, Ricciaceae - Hepaticopsida-Bryaceae, Dicranaceae, Ephemeraceae, Fissidentaceae, Leucobryaceae, Pottiaceae e Stereophyllaceae - Bryopsida. Constituem-se novos registros para a região Nordeste Cololejeunea minutíssima (Sm. Schiffn. e Riccia brasiliensis Schiffn. e para Pernambuco Frullania dusenii Steph.In a caatinga area, located in Agrestina (Lat. 8º27'28"S; Long. 35º57'13"W - PE were identified 13 species of Bryophyte, distributed in the following families Frullaniaceae, Lejeuneaceae, Ricciaceae - Hepaticopsida - Bryaceae, Dicranaceae, Ephemeraceae, Fissidentaceae, Leucobryaceae, Pottiaceae e Stereophyllaceae - Bryopsida. Cololejeunea minutíssima (Sm. Schiffn. and Riccia brasiliensis Schiffn. are new records for the Northeast region, while Frullania dusenii Steph. represents a new record for the Pernambuco State.

  3. Energy analysis of the poultry rising located at the Sertao do Pajeu, Pernambuco, Brazil; Analise energetica de aviarios localizados no Sertao do Pajeu pernambucano

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Costa, Heitor Scalambrini; Lopes, Tiago Pessoa de Melo Queiroz [Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, PE (Brazil). Nucleo de Apoio a Projetos de Energias]. E-mail: naper@ufpe.br

    2006-07-01

    The activity of poultry raising is today an alternative for income generation in the backlands of Pajeu, State of Pernambuco. In the City of Sao Jose do Egito, distant 402 km from the State Capital Recife, there is a large poultry plant with 284 integrated poultry farms owned by small rural producers. Those poultry farms are built in masonry and lateral woven wire fencing within the standard size of 9 m X 125 m. Their capacity is 10,000 birds and they are equipped with drinking and feed boxes, silos, fans, nebuliser, motor-pumps, lights and heaters. In their first 18 days of the bird's life, called 'baby chick phase', it needs a warm environment temperature of about 34 deg C, which is fundamental for its survival. In that phase the energy consumption is mainly related to water pumping and lighting. From the 19th day up to the 45th day - the period called 'poultry phase' - the birds need lower temperatures. The feeders are automatic, fans and nebulizers are used to ease the air circulation and to improve the poultry comfort. This phase is the one, which requires more electric energy consumption. After 45 days the poultry is slaughtered with about 2.8 kg and the poultry farm comes into a time period of cleaning and resting called 'cleaning and resting phase', which takes from 15 to 28 days. This is the phase with the lowest energy consumption. Then the poultry farm cycle is completed, which takes about 70 days, that is, the time span of one year accounts for 5.5 cycles. In this work an energy consumption analysis for all phases of poultry raising is performed and alternative proposals for the energy conservation and energy consumption reduction is presented. (author)

  4. MELINDROSAS E ALMOFADINHAS: relações de gênero no Recife dos anos 1920MELINDROSAS AND ALMOFADINHAS: gender figurations in Recife in the 1920's

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    Hugo Augusto Vasconcelos Medeiros

    2010-12-01

    The aim of this paper is to analyze the configuration of the gender relations in Recife, during the 1920s, athwart two stereotype-characters that appeared in the press discourses: the melindrosa and the almofadinha. These characters exemplify an opening in the behaviors standardized in the gender relations, what exposed them to critics and jokes. This work analyzes two newspapers of different typologies (the Jornal do Commercio and the magazine a Pilhéria throughout Elias’ figurational sociology, discourse analysis and the theories about gender relations. Hence, this work aims at contributing to the discussions about gender, adding new historical elements that can help to review daily prejudices.   Key-words: Gender- Press- Discourse

  5. Dislipidemia entre crianças e adolescentes de Pernambuco Dyslipidemia among adolescents and children from Pernambuco - Brazil

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    Everaldo de Franca

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Descrever a prevalência de dislipidemia e sobrepeso entre crianças e adolescentes no Estado de Pernambuco, Brasil. MÉTODOS: Durante a avaliação clínica, um questionário foi respondio por meio de entrevista com os pais, incluindo dados pessoais de cada criança e adolescente. Os critérios de exclusão foram história pessoal ou familiar de diabetes ou doença arterial coronariana (DAC. Amostras de sangue foram coletadas após jejum de 12 horas, e as seguintes avaliações foram realizadas por métodos enzimáticos: níveis séricos de colesterol total, colesterol LDL, colesterol HDL e triglicerídeos. Os dados foram analisados com o programa estatístico SPSS 11.5 que inclui o test-t de Student e o teste exato de Fisher. RESULTADOS: Das 414 crianças e adolescentes analisados no presente estudo, cerca de 30% apresentaram um perfil lipídico aterogênico, caracterizado por altos níveis de triglicerídeo, colesterol total e colesterol LDL. A prevalência de sobrepeso nesta amostra de Pernambuco foi 4%. As meninas apresentaram níveis de triglicerídeo e colesterol total mais elevados do que os meninos. Crianças e adolescentes apresentaram os mesmos valores de lipídios no sangue, o que não é esperado para crianças nessa fase do desenvolvimento. CONCLUSÃO: Na presente população, um prefil lipídico desfavorável sugere que programas objetivando a prevenção de doenças cardiovasculares e obesidade devem começar precocemente.OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of dyslipidemia and overweight among children and adolescents in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. METHODS: During clinical evaluation, a questionnaire was completed through interviews with parents and included personal details of the children and adolescents. An exclusion criterion was personal or parental history of diabetes or coronary artery disease (CAD. Blood samples were collected from subjects who had been fasting for 12 hours, and the following evaluations

  6. Prevalência das disfunções sexuais femininas em clínica de planejamento familiar de um hospital escola no Recife, Pernambuco Female sexual dysfunction prevalence in a family planning clinic at a university hospital located in Recife, Pernambuco

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    Ana Laura Carneiro Gomes Ferreira

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: determinar a prevalência de disfunções sexuais femininas em mulheres atendidas no Centro de Atenção à Mulher do Instituto Materno Infantil Prof. Fernando Figueira, IMIP, utilizando os critérios de classificação da 4ª. edição do Manual Diagnóstico e Estatístico de Transtornos Mentais. MÉTODOS: estudo transversal, cujos dados foram obtidos em formulário estruturado, aplicado durante entrevista individual com 100 mulheres com idades entre 20 e 39 anos, no período de abril a maio de 2004. Determinou-se a freqüência das disfunções sexuais femininas e sua associação com as características biológicas, demográficas e reprodutivas das mulheres, assim como sua associação com o método contraceptivo usado no momento da entrevista. RESULTADOS: a prevalência de algum tipo de disfunção sexual foi de 36%. A disfunção do orgasmo foi constatada em 18% das entrevistadas e dispareunia em 13% das mulheres no último mês anterior ao estudo. A disfunção do desejo foi relatada por 11% das mulheres, 8% tiveram disfunção da excitação e apenas 1% referiram vaginismo. Observou-se uma associação positiva estatisticamente significativa das disfunções sexuais femininas com a idade da coitarca menor que 20 anos, freqüência de apenas uma relação sexual por semana ou menos e lactação. CONCLUSÕES: os achados sugerem que diversas medidas preventivas podem impedir a ocorrência de disfunções sexuais femininas em determinado grupo de pacientes: melhorar o nível educacional da população, facilitar seu acesso à informação e aconselhamento, estimular ações preventivas de saúde e por fim investir em programas de treinamento e educação médica continuada.OBJECTIVES: to determine sexual dysfunctions of the women seen at the Centro de Atenção à Mulher of the Instituto Materno Infantil Prof. Fernando Figueira, IMIP, based on the classification criteria of the 4th edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disturbances. METHODS: a cross sectional study with data obtained through a structured form applied during individual interviews with 100 women aged between 20 and 39 years old in the period of April to May, 2004. The frequency of female sexual dysfunctions and association with biological, demographic and reproductive characteristics of the women, including contraceptives used, was determined. RESULTS: prevalence of at least some type of sexual dysfunction was of 36%. Orgasm dysfunction occurred in 18% of the respondents and dyspareunia appeared in 13% of the women during the month prior to the study. Sexual appetite dysfunction was reported by 11% of the women, 8% had excitation dysfunction and only 1% reported vaginismus. A positive, statistically significant association of female sexual dysfunction and the first sexual intercourse, before 20 years old, frequency of only one sexual intercourse per week or less, and breastfeeding. CONCLUSIONS: the findings suggest that different preventive measures could stop the occurrence of female sexual dysfunctions in a specific group of patients: improving education, facilitating the access to information and counseling, encouraging health preventive policies and finally investments in ongoing medical training and education.

  7. História e memórias do banco de leite humano do Instituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando Figueira (1987-2009 em Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil History and memories of the human milk bank of the Instituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando Figueira (1987-2009 in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Karenina Elice Guimarães Carvalho

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: reconstituir a história do Banco de Leite Humano (BLH do Instituto de Medicina Integral Professor Fernando Figueira (IMIP, enfocando os idealizadores e a inauguração do serviço. MÉTODOS: estudo descritivo, transversal com enfoque histórico, orientado pela metodologia da história oral. Privilegiou-se a consulta a fontes bi¬bliográficas e a entrevista direta a sete participantes, com roteiro estruturado. A análise das falas desvelou duas categorias: "Criação do banco de leite humano do IMIP: os idealizadores e suas influências"; e "A inauguração". RESULTADOS: o BLH do IMIP foi criado em 1987, com a idealização e o incentivo do Professor Fernando Figueira e da Dra. Vilneide Braga, e para suprir as necessidades da Maternidade e da unidade de terapia intensiva neonatal. Da inauguração, participaram autoridades políticas, autoridades em aleitamento materno, celebridades da mídia e profissionais do hospital. CONCLUSÕES: o entrelaçamento entre história e memória, conduzido pelas trilhas da história oral, foi matriz para a construção da origem e evolução do BLH do IMIP, a partir da fala de sujeitos envolvidos nos fatos. A história do BLH do IMIP é um processo inacabado, vivo, é uma força geradora de transformação, sonhos e esperança, que mantém aceso o ideal de um mundo melhor para as crianças, para as mães e para a sociedade.OBJECTIVES: to recount the history of the Instituto de Medicina Integral Professor Fernando Figueira (IMIP's Human Milk Bank (HMB, focusing on its pioneers and the introduction of the service. METHODS: a descriptive transversal study with historical focus based on the methods of oral history. The main materials used were bibliographical sources and direct structured interviews with seven participants. Content analysis revealed two categories: "the Creation of the IMIP's Human Milk Bank: its pioneers and their influences"; and "the Introduction of the Service". RESULTS: the IMIP's HMB, set up in 1987, was the brainchild of Professor Fernando Figueira and Dr. Vilneide Braga and its aim was to meet the needs of the Maternity hospital and its neonatal intensive care unit. The inauguration was attended by politicians, breastfeeding experts, TV celebrities and hospital staff. CONCLUSIONS: the methods of oral history were used to build up a history of the origins and evolution of the IMIP's HMB based on the testimony of the individuals involved. The history of the IMIP's HMB is an ongoing, living process and force that produces change, dreams and hope and keeps alight the ideal of a better world for children, mothers and for society at large.

  8. Impact of congenital malformations on perinatal and neonatal mortality in an university maternity hospital in Recife

    OpenAIRE

    Amorim, Melania Maria Ramos de; Vilela, Paulo Carvalho; Santos, Aleksana Regina Viana Dutra; Lima, Ana Luiza Medeiros Vasconcelos; Melo, Eduardo França Pessoa de; Bernardes, Hildenice Ferreira; Menezes Filho, Paulo Fernando Bezerra de; Guimarães, Vilma Bezerra

    2006-01-01

    OBJETIVOS: determinar a incidência de malformações congênitas em recém-nascidos assistidos em uma maternidade-escola de Recife e avaliar o impacto destas malformações na mortalidade perinatal e neonatal. MÉTODOS: realizou-se um estudo longitudinal durante os meses de setembro de 2004 a maio de 2005, analisando-se todos os partos assistidos no Instituto Materno Infantil Prof. Fernando Figueira, IMIP. Determinou-se a freqüência e o tipo de malformações congênitas e foram calculados os coeficien...

  9. Mutações predisponentes à trombofilia em indivíduos de Minas Gerais - Brasil com suspeita clínica de trombose Predisposing thrombophilic mutations in individuals with clinical suspicion of thrombosis from Minas Gerais, Brazil

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    Sabrina P. Guimarães

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available A trombose é reconhecidamente uma doença de caráter multifatorial. Sua ocorrência está intimamente relacionada à presença de fatores genéticos e adquiridos que concorrem isoladamente ou em associação para o seu desencadeamento. No entanto, a frequência dos fatores genéticos pode variar de acordo com a origem étnica e com outros aspectos epidemiológicos dos grupos de indivíduos e populações estudadas. No Brasil, dados referentes a indivíduos brasileiros e em especial do estado de Minas Gerais são escassos. O objetivo do presente estudo foi investigar a frequência das mutações fator V Leiden e G20210A no gene protrombina em 1.103 indivíduos com suspeita clínica de trombofilia, empregando a técnica da reação em cadeia da polimerase seguida de restrição enzimática (PCR-RFLP. Os dados foram analisados usando-se o programa Epi Info versão 6.04. A amostra consistiu de 76,16% mulheres e 23,84% homens, com média de idade de 43,06± 14,65. A mutação fator V Leiden foi observada em heterozigose em 7,52% dos indivíduos e em 0,36% em homozigose. A mutação G20210A no gene da protrombina apresentou-se em heterozigose em 5,90% dos indivíduos e em homozigose em 0,18%. O presente trabalho mostra a importância dos testes genéticos conforme o perfil da população analisada, ressaltando informações epidemiológicas da população brasileira e benefícios clínicos.Thrombosis is known to be a multifactorial disease. Its incidence is directly related to the presence of genetic and acquired factors that concur separately or in association to its appearance. However, the frequency of genetic factors can vary according to ethnic background and with other epidemiological aspects of populations. Data from Brazilian individuals and especially those from the State of Minas Gerais are scarce. The present study aims at investigating the frequencies of the factor v Leiden and the G20210G prothrombin gene mutations of 1103 individuals

  10. Water quality in Una River Basin – Pernambuco

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    Bianca Silva Tavares

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to evaluate the water quality of the lower portion of Una River Basin, Pernambuco, by means of analysis of physical, chemical and microbiological parameters. The monitoring was conducted among October 2013 and March 2014. Sampling locations were in the cities of Catende, Palmares and Água Preta, selecting three collection points in each district. Parameters analyzed: temperature, electric conductivity, dissolved oxygen, biochemical oxygen demand, turbidity, potassium, pH, total phosphorus, thermotolerant coliforms, and Escherichia Coli. The results showed the water quality in the Basin Una River is outside of CONAMA standars Resolution 357/2005 for fresh water Class II parameters: dissolved oxygen, pH, phosphorus, thermotolerant coliforms and Escherichia Coli. Potassium concentration shows the discharge of effluents from the processing of sugar cane in the hydrous body did not affect the quality of the water. The main contamination source of water was the release of domestic sewage.

  11. Flora of the Catimbau National Park, Pernambuco, Brazil: Boraginaceae

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    José Iranildo Miranda de Melo

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The Boraginaceae Juss. family comprises from woody to herbaceous plants, branches with alternate to subopposite leaves, bisexual, actinomorphic flowers, with or without bracts, and drupaceous or schizocarp fruits. This paper consists in a taxonomic study of Boraginaceae sensu lato in the Catimbau National Park, at the semiarid region of the state of Pernambuco, Northeastern Brazil. Five genera and twelve species were registered: Cordia L., Euploca Nutt., Heliotropium L., and Tournefortia L., with two species each, and Varronia P.Br., with four species. Descriptions, illustrations, and keys were prepared for the separation of species, and data on the geographic distribution and habitats of the species found in the study area were presented.

  12. Health and nutrition in public and private schools in the city of Recife

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    Myrtis de Assunção Bezerra

    Full Text Available Abstract Objectives: to analyze the implementation of initiatives and environments promoting healthy feeding as well as the practice of physical activity in public and private schools in Recife. Methods: the schools selected in the City of Recife (n=39 are part of the sample in the Study of Cardiovascular Risks in Adolescents (ERICA. The degree of implementation was estimated by means of interviews with the school manager emphasizing the following components: community participation, presence of healthy environments, partnership with the health segment, monitoring of nutritional status and nutrition policies. The variables selected were assigned points whose sum rated them as satisfactory implementation, poor implementation and critical implementation. Results: the promotion of healthy eating as well as the practice of physical activity was satisfactorily implemented in 13.8% of public schools. However, no private schools obtained such rating. Public schools, when compared to private schools, showed themselves to be more structured, concerning the policies and environments promoting healthy eating and school community participation, however, they showed greater fragility regarding the promotion of physical activity practice and nutritional status monitoring. A few schools had satisfactory implementation in the partnership with the health segment. Conclusions: public and private schools have presented barriers which compromise the full implementation of initiatives and environments promoting healthy eating and physical activity practice.

  13. Identification of risk factors for death from tetanus in Pernambuco, Brazil: a case-control study Identificação de fatores de risco para morte por tétano em Pernambuco, Brasil: um estudo de caso-controle

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    Demócrito B. MIRANDA-FILHO

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available A case-control study was conducted to identify risk factors for death from tetanus in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil. Information was obtained from medical records of 152 cases and 152 controls, admitted to the tetanus unit in the State University Hospital, in Recife, from 1990 to 1995. Variables were grouped in three different sets. Crude and adjusted odds ratios, p-values and 95% confidence intervals were estimated. Variables selected in the multivariate analysis in each set were controlled for the effect of those selected in the others. All factors related to the disease progression - incubation period, time elapsed between the occurrence of the first tetanus symptom and admission, and period of onset - showed a statistically significant association with death from tetanus. Similarly, signs and/or symptoms occurring on admission or in the following 24 hours (second set: reflex spasms, neck stiffness, respiratory signs/symptoms and respiratory failure requiring artificial ventilation (third set were associated with death from tetanus even when adjusted for the effect of the others.Um estudo de caso-controle foi conduzido no Estado de Pernambuco, Brasil, para identificar fatores de risco para morte por tétano. As informações foram obtidas dos prontuários médicos de 152 casos e 152 controles, admitidos na Unidade de Tétano do Hospital Universitário Oswaldo Cruz, na cidade do Recife, de 1990 a 1995. As variáveis foram agrupadas em três diferentes conjuntos. Foram estimados os "odds ratios" brutos e ajustados, o intervalo de confiança de 95% e o valor de "p". As variáveis selecionadas na análise multivariada em cada conjunto, foram controladas para os efeitos daquelas selecionadas nos demais. Todos os fatores relacionados à progressão da doença - período de incubação, tempo decorrido entre o primeiro sintoma de tétano e a admissão no hospital, e período de progressão - mostraram uma associação estatisticamente significante

  14. Citogenética de Angiospermas coletadas em Pernambuco: V Cytogenetics of Angiosperms collected in the State of Pernambuco: V

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    Andrea Pedrosa

    1999-04-01

    Full Text Available Foram analisadas 33 espécies, entre nativas e introduzidas, pertencentes a 20 famílias de angiospermas ocorrentes no Estado de Pernambuco. A caracterização cariotípica da maioria das espécies foi baseada no número e morfologia cromossômica, padrão de condensação de cromossomos profásicos e estrutura de núcleo interfásico. Cinco espécies tiveram seus números cromossômicos determinados pela primeira vez, sendo elas: Cereus jamacaru (2n=22, Clitoria fairchildiana (2n=22, Eugenia luschnathiana (2n=22, Licania tomentosa (2n=22 e Spondias tuberosa (n=16. No caso de Licania tomentosa esta é a primeira citação de número cromossômico para o gênero. Das outras 28 espécies, três (Cecropia cf. palmata, 2n=26; Crinum erubescens, 2n=70; e Schinus terebentifolius, 2n=28 apresentaram números cromossômicos diferentes dos registrados previamente na literatura.Thirty three native and introduced species from 20 families of angiosperms collected in the State of Pernambuco were analysed. The karyotype description of the majority of the species was based on chromosome number and morphology, condensation pattern of prophase chromosomes as well as interphase nuclear structure. In five species (Cereus jamacaru, 2n=22; Clitoria fairchildiana, 2n=22; Eugenia luschnathiana, 2n=22; Licania tomentosa, 2n=22; and Spondias tuberosa, n=16 the chromosome number is reported here for the first time. In the case of Licania tomentosa, this is also the first report for the genus. Among the other 28 species, three (Cecropia cf. palmata, 2n=26; Crinum erubescens, 2n=70; and Schinus terebentifolius, 2n=28 showed chromosome numbers different from what has previously been reported.

  15. Citogenética de angiospermas coletadas em Pernambuco: IV Cytogenetics of angiosperms collected in the State of Pernambuco: IV

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    Gianna Maria Griz Carvalheira

    1991-12-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho são apresentados os números cromossômicos observados em 22 espécies pertencentes a 19 gêneros de angiospermas coletadas em Pernambuco. Os dados principais foram resumidos em uma tabela incluindo referências de herbário, locais de coleta, números diplóides e determinações cromossômicas prévias. Para oito espécies não encontramos nenhuma referência anterior na literatura específica. Por outro lado, alguns autores têm relatado números cromossômicos diferentes para uma mesma espécie. Nossas observações sugerem que essas discordâncias, em geral, podem ser atribuídas à ocorrência, nessas espécies, de cromossomos satelitados com constrições secundárias elásticas. Características citogenéticas especiais, observadas em algumas espécies, são também apresentadas e discutidas.Chromosome numbers are reported for 22 species belonging to 19 genera of angiosperms collected in the State of Pernambuco. A table with the herbarium voucher, collecting sites, diploid numbers and previous chromosomes counts for all the species is presented. Eight of the species have no previous counts. For some species, two or more different chromosome numbers have been presented in the literature. Our data suggest that most of such disagreements might be due to the presence of satellited chromosomes with elastic secondary constriction. Furthermore, special cytogenetics features of every species are hereby presented and discussed.

  16. Novas ocorrências de Briófitas para Pernambuco, Brasil New occurrences of Bryophytes to Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Lisi Dámaris Pereira Alvarenga

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Levantamentos da flora de briófitas em duas áreas remanescentes de Floresta Atlântica, a Reserva Ecológica (RE Gurjaú (08°10'00''S e 35°02'30''O; 50-150 m n.a.m. e a Reserva Particular de Patrimônio Natural (RPPN Frei Caneca (08º42'37''S e 35º50'01''O; 500-750 m n.a.m., resultaram no registro de 15 novas ocorrências para o Estado de Pernambuco. São elas 11 hepáticas das famílias Cephaloziaceae, Jubulaceae, Herbertaceae, Lejeuneaceae, Lepidoziaceae, Metzgeriaceae e quatro musgos das famílias Calymperaceae, Pterobryaceae, Sematophyllaceae e Thuidiaceae. Sete destas espécies são também novas referências para a região Nordeste. As espécies são ilustradas e comentadas quanto aos caracteres taxonômicos mais relevantes.Floristic surveys of Bryophytes in Atlantic Rain Forest remnants from Reserva Ecológica (RE Gurjaú (08°10'00''S e 35°02'30''O; 50-150 a.s.l. and Reserva Particular de Patrimônio Natural (RPPN Frei Caneca (08º42'37''S e 35º50'01''O; 500-750 a.s.l., registered 15 new ocurrences to Pernambuco State. They are 11 liverworts of Cephaloziaceae, Jubulaceae, Geocalycaceae, Herbertaceae, Lejeuneaceae, Lepidoziaceae, Metzgeriaceae and four mosses of Calymperaceae, Pterobryaceae, Sematophyllaceae and Thuidiaceae. Seven of these species are new references for Northeastern area of Brazil. The species are illustrated and commented about relevant taxonomic characters.

  17. Regimes of spatial ordering in Brazil: neoliberalism, leftist populism and modernist aesthetics in slum upgrading in Recife

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nuijten, M.C.M.; Koster, M.; Vries, de P.A.

    2012-01-01

    This paper shows how regimes of spatial ordering in Brazil are produced by the entangling of neoliberalism, leftist populism and modernist visions. The paper focuses on Prometrópole, a slum upgrading project in Recife funded by the World Bank, which commenced in 2007. In this project, the neoliberal

  18. From preamble to post-project frustrations: the shaping of a slum upgrading project in Recife, Brazil

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koster, M.; Nuijten, M.C.M.

    2012-01-01

    This article presents an ethnography of the evolution of Prometr´opole, a slum upgrading project in the Brazilian city of Recife. The project aims to improve the urban infrastructure, eradicate slums and resettle the population.We focus on the project’s first area of intervention, Jacarezinho. We

  19. Prevalence of ocular disorders in poor children attending an ophthalmologic clinic in Recife - PE, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Albuquerque, Raquel Costa; Alves, João Guilherme Bezerra

    2003-01-01

    OBJETIVOS: Descrever os distúrbios visuais diagnosticados em um grupo de crianças carentes, assistidas no serviço oftalmológico do Instituto Materno-Infantil de Pernambuco (IMIP). MÉTODOS: Estudo descritivo, realizado com uma amostra representativa (n=388), selecionada de forma aleatória da clientela de baixa renda na faixa etária de 0 a 15 anos, atendida no período de fevereiro a outubro de 2001 no IMIP. Os diagnósticos, estabelecidos pelos médicos oftalmologistas do serviço, foram classific...

  20. Ticks infesting amphibians and reptiles in Pernambuco, Northeastern Brazil Carrapatos infestando anfíbios e répteis em Pernambuco, Nordeste do Brasil

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    Filipe Dantas-Torres

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Ticks infesting amphibians and reptiles in the State of Pernambuco are reviewed, based on the current literature and new collections recently carried out by the authors. To date, three tick species have been found on amphibians and reptiles in Pernambuco. Amblyomma fuscum appears to be exclusively associated with Boa constrictor, its type host. Amblyomma rotundatum has a relatively low host-specificity, being found on toads, snakes, and iguana. Amblyomma dissimile has been found on a lizard and also small mammals (i.e., rodents and marsupials. New tick-host associations and locality records are given.Os carrapatos encontrados infestando anfíbios e répteis no Estado de Pernambuco são revisados com base na literatura atual e em novas coletas realizadas recentemente pelos autores. Até o momento, três espécies de carrapatos foram encontradas sobre anfíbios e répteis em Pernambuco. Amblyomma fuscum parece estar exclusivamente associado à Boa constrictor, seu hospedeiro-tipo. Amblyomma rotundatum tem uma especificidade parasitária relativamente baixa, sendo encontrado em sapos, serpentes e iguana. Amblyomma dissimile já foi encontrado sobre um lagarto e também sobre pequenos mamíferos (isto é, roedores e marsupiais. Novas associações carrapato-hospedeiro e novos registros de localidades são apresentados.

  1. Biomonitoring of air quality in the metropolitan region of Recife, PE, Brazil; Biomonitoracao da qualidade do ar na Regiao Metropolitana do Recife, PE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santos, Thiago Oliveira dos

    2016-08-01

    The interest on questions related to environmental conservation has increased in recent decades, being air pollution one of the main public health problems in huge urban centers. Major part of this atmospheric contamination is caused by gaseous pollutants and inhalable particulate matter. One of the main sources is the burning of fossil fuels mainly emitted by motor vehicles. Some organisms, like lichen and atmospheric bromeliad, are able to accumulate chemical elements in their tissues, thereby becoming excellent tools for air quality studies of monitoring. The present work evaluated the air quality in the Metropolitan Region of Recife (RMR) using the lichen Cladonia verticillaris and the bromeliad Tillandsia recurvata, through the quantification of chemical elements associated to vehicles traffic. The biomonitors were transferred to 40 points distributed in the RMR with different intensities of the vehicle traffic. After the exposition period of six months, Al, Ba, Ca, Cd, Cl, Fe, Mg, Mn, P, Pb, Sb, Sr, Th, V and Zn were quantified by Energy Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) and Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS). The organisms were complementary, being appropriated tools for monitoring the air quality. The vehicle traffic was considered one of the major contributor for increasing chemical elements in the RMR urban atmosphere. (author)

  2. Condutas autolesivas entre detentas da Colônia Penal Feminina do Recife Conductas auto lesivas entre detenidas de la "Colonia Penal Femenina de Recife" Self-harm behavior among Brazilian Women in Recife Prison

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    Marcus Túlio Caldas

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Esse estudo pretende analisar possíveis fatores de influência para condutas autolesivas entre detentas da Colônia Penal Feminina do Recife. Seus objetivos específicos incluem formular estratégias de intervenção que diminuam a incidência dessa prática. Dois questionários foram elaborados: o primeiro para realizar um censo com todas as detentas, determinando a extensão do comportamento autolesivo e selecionando a amostra; o segundo para aplicação nos sujeitos selecionados, detalhando esse comportamento. Para coleta de dados qualitativos utilizamos um diário de campo e entrevistas semidirigidas aplicadas coletivamente. Para análise dos dados usamos o método quantitativo de análise estatística descritiva e o método qualitativo de análise temática. Foram identificados vários fatores correlacionados à autolesão: alívio de sofrimento psíquico advindo do ambiente carcerário; raiva de si ou de outros; uso de drogas; tentativas de manipulação para obter vantagens no presídio e tentativas de comunicação e afirmação da individualidade num ambiente coletivo.Sus objetivos específicos incluyen formular estrategias de intervenciones que disminuyan la incidencia de esta práctica. Dos cuestionarios fueran elaborados: el primero para realizar un censo con todas las detenidas, determinando la extensión del comportamiento auto lesivo y seleccionando la muestra; el otro para aplicación en los sujetos seleccionados, detallando este comportamiento. Para colecta de datos cualitativos utilizamos un diario de campo y entrevistas semidirigidas aplicadas colectivamente. Para análisis de los datos usamos el método cuantitativo de análisis estadístico descriptivo y el método cualitativo de análisis temático. Fueran identificados varios factores correlacionados con la autolesione: alivio del sufrimiento psíquico advenido del ambiente carcelario, rabia de si o del otro, uso de droga, intento de manipulación para tener ventaja en el

  3. Verification of radioactive waste management of nuclear medicine clinics in the city of Recife

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Silva, V.C.B.; Lopes-Filho, F.J.; Passos, R.S.; Lira, R.F.; Santos, M.A.P.; Belo, I.B.; Lima, F.R.A.; Vieira, J.W.; Ferreira-Filho, A.

    2010-01-01

    The increasing use of ionizing radiation in various areas can not be dissociated from the concerns of safety and radiation security. In Nuclear Medicine, this concern becomes higher, because of the radionuclides used in diagnosis and therapy of radiation sources are not sealed. Their use inevitably produces radioactive waste that must be controlled through proper management, according to the normative standards established in Brazil by the National Commission of Nuclear Energy (CNEN). The management of radioactive waste seeks to lower the occupational doses besides the environmental preservation. In the work carried out by the Regional Center of Nuclear Sciences Northeast (CRCN-NE) and the Federal Office for Education, Science and Technology (OPSI), we see the systems management of radioactive waste from Nuclear Medicine in the city of Recife. The results were obtained from the preparation of a sheet of compliance and its implementation in eight clinics. (author)

  4. Information manager profile in university libraries from the Metropolitan Region of Recife

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anielma Maria Marques Rodrigues

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective. It is a literature of descriptive nature in order to define the profile of the manager of information in university libraries of Recife and its metropolitan area. Method. To achieve the proposed objective was based on a literature in the area of information science, in which it was possible to contextualize the attributes skills of information professionals from qualitative and quantitative approaches. Results. Results indicate issues: a activities performed in the routine of professional b skills that have to do their jobs, c professional d workplace e academic. Conclusions. With the responses is possible to discern the different skills of the librarian in accordance with their professional and personal experience.

  5. KPC-PRODUCING Serratia marcescens IN A HOME-CARE PATIENT FROM RECIFE, BRAZIL.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Margate, Emmily; Magalhães, Vera; Fehlberg, Lorena Cristina Corrêa; Gales, Ana Cristina; Lopes, Ana Catarina Souza

    2015-01-01

    In this brief communication we describe the occurrence of a KPC-producing Serratia marcescens isolate in a home-care patient from Recife, Brazil. The blaKPC, blaSPM, blaIMP, blaVIM, blaOXA, blaCTX-M, blaSHV, blaTEM and blaGES genes were investigated by Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) and DNA sequencing. The isolate was positive for blaKPC-2 and blaTEM-1 and was resistant to aztreonam, cefepime, cefotaxime, imipenem, meropenem, gentamicin, ciprofloxacin and cefazidime, and susceptible only to amikacin, tigecycline and gatifloxacin. This is the first report in Brazil of KPC-producing S. marcescens clinical isolate outside of a hospital environment. Caregivers should be alert for the presence of this isolate in the community setting.

  6. Practical teachers in Recife and Olinda in second half XIX century

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    Dayana Raquel Pereira de Lima

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The reading, transcription and systemisation of governmental sources related to work and teaching associations in Recife and Olinda, during the XIX century, revealed practices linked mainly to individual benefits and political gains in its relations with public power. When tracking the specific path and demands of members of the 1872 Sociedade Propagadora da Instrução Pública as well as the petitions done by the teachers to the public power in the main working shifts of teaching - salaries, gratifications, exchanges, medical licenses, transferences, educational material etc - we will argue, using the methodology of microanalysis (REVEL, 1998, that the teachers as a working category was marked by individual practices of citizenship. In this sense, although there were associations, of “common interests” and a “discomfort” of public teachers, those developed personal strategies, according to the privileges acquired along their career which in fact deviate from building a teacher identity

  7. O projeto, as funções e o uso dos parques urbanos do Recife

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    Ana Rita de Sá Carneiro

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available The research had as its main aim the investigation of the relationship between park design, functions and uses. This study, focusing on the city of Recife, originated from observation of a need for new parks in the city, and the limited research about existing parks in Brazil. A literature study of different concepts of park design in Europe and America which have influenced the development of parks in developing countries such as Brazil. The links between park design and uses were investigated by assessing the level of match between design and user requirements, taking into account the provision of facilities, the type of activities undertaken and the level and type of problems identified

  8. Diagnostic analysis of the rehabilitation services that attend victims of accidents and violence in Recife

    OpenAIRE

    Lima, Maria Luiza Carvalho de; Deslandes, Suely Ferreira; Souza, Edinilsa Ramos de; Lima, Maria Luiza Lopes Timóteo de; Barreira, Alice Kelly

    2009-01-01

    Este artigo visa analisar os serviços de reabilitação em Recife, confrontando com o que preconiza a Política Nacional de Redução de Morbimortalidade (PNMRAV). O estudo foi realizado em seis unidades/serviços de reabilitação, sendo cinco municipais e uma ONG conveniada ao SUS. A investigação desenvolveu-se com entrevista semi-estruturada destinada ao gestor da Atenção à Saúde de Pessoa com Deficiência, objetivando o mapeamento da rede, e questionário aplicado aos gerentes dos serviços para ide...

  9. Understory species richness in an urban forest fragment, Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Ana Cristina Ramos de Souza

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available This study characterizes the floristic composition of the understory of Parque Estadual de Dois Irmãos, (08°01’15.1”S and 34°56’3.2”W, an area of about 370ha characterized as a lowland ombrophilous dense forest. The study included individuals with heights of up to 4.0m, such as treelets, shrubs, sub-bushes and terricolous herb plants, in fertile conditions. The collections were made every two weeks along a period of 24 months. A total of 108 species, belonging to 86 genera and 49 families, were recorded. The families with the highest number of species were Rubiaceae (14, Fabaceae (9 Melastomataceae (8, Asteraceae (8, Myrtaceae (6, and Poaceae (4. The Fabaceae, Melastomataceae, Myrtaceae and Rubiaceae presented the highest number of understory species in this fragment. Generally, among the studies made in the Atlantic forest areas in Pernambuco, the presence of a set of tree species common to these forests is evidenced.

  10. Ultrapotassic rocks geology from Salgueiro region, Pernambuco state, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Silva Filho, A.F. da; Guimaraes, I.P.

    1990-01-01

    The Cachoeirinha-Salgueiro belt has Proterozoic age and is located in the Borborema Province, NE Brazil. The ultrapotassic rocks from Salgueiro region intrudes the Cachoeirinha-Salgueiro belt rocks. The ultrapotassics from Salgueiro region constitutes of three units; Serra do Livramento pluton, and two dyke swarms called respectively beige alkali feldspar granites and green alkali feldspar syenite/quartz-syenite. The Serra do Livramento pluton shows E-W direction, boudin shape, width between 0,15 and 2,10 km, and it is intruded into metamorphic rocks and into the Terra Nova complex. Detailed geological mapping at the Serra das Duas Irmas allowed us to establish the dyke swarm chronology. The mapping reveals seven intrusion episodes, into the Terra Nova pluton, of green alkali feldspar syenite/quartz-syenite and five episodes of bege alkali feldspar granite. They alternate between them in space and time, and there are evidence that they were intruded under the tectonic control of the Pernambuco lineament. A systematic whole-rock Rb-Sr geochronology was done in the green alkali feldspar syenite/quartz-syenite, and an age of 514,8 ± 20,3 Ma was obtained. The initial ratio is 0,710615 + 0,000441. The age obtained shows small error and an initial ratio compatible with a strong crustal contamination. (author)

  11. Chagas disease in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil: analysis of admissions and mortality time series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braz, Suellen Carvalho de Moura; Melo, Myllena de Fátima Alheiros Dias; Lorena, Virginia Maria Barros de; Souza, Wayner Vieira de; Gomes, Yara de Miranda

    2011-01-01

    A time series study of admissions, deaths and acute cases was conducted in order to evaluate the context of Chagas disease in Pernambuco. Data reported to the Information Technology Department of the Brazilian National Health Service between 1980 and 2008 was collected for regions and Federal Units of Brazil; and microregions and municipalities of Pernambuco. Rates (per 100,000 inhabitants) of hospitalization, mortality and acute cases were calculated using a national hospital database (SIH), a national mortality database (SIM) and the national Information System for Notifiable Diseases (SINAN), respectively. The national average for Chagas disease admissions was 0.99 from 1995 to 2008. Pernambuco obtained a mean of 0.39 in the same period, with the highest rates being concentrated in the interior of the state. The state obtained a mean mortality rate of 1.56 between 1980 and 2007, which was lower than the national average (3.66). The mortality rate has tended to decline nationally, while it has remained relatively unchanged in Pernambuco. Interpolating national rates of admissions and deaths, mortality rates were higher than hospitalization rates between 1995 and 2007. The same occurred in Pernambuco, except for 2003. Between 2001 and 2006, rates for acute cases were 0.56 and 0.21 for Brazil and Pernambuco, respectively. Although a decrease in Chagas mortality has occurred in Brazil, the disease remains a serious public health problem, especially in the Northeast region. It is thus essential that medical care, prevention and control regarding Chagas disease be maintained and improved.

  12. Estudo comparativo de áreas endêmicas de filariose bancroftiana na região metropolitana do Recife, Brasil Comparative studies on endemic areas of bancroftian filariasis in Greater Recife, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Amélia V. Maciel

    Full Text Available Para se realizar o estudo comparativo da filariose bancroftiana na área metropolitana do Recife, foram selecionados dois bairros da cidade do Recife (Santo Amaro e Campo Grande e dois bairros da cidade de Olinda (Sapucaia e Salgadinho, segundo critério apoiado na semelhança das características sócio-econômicas e demográficas e dos níveis endêmicos de filariose. As áreas foram divididas em conglomerados, com 25 casas em média. A amostra populacional foi estratificada por sexo e faixa etária de 0-4, 5-9, 10-14, 15-19, 20-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59 e igual ou superior a 60 anos. Os dados parasitológicos foram obtidos por meio da gota espessa mensurada (60µl de sangue, coletada entre as 20 e 24 horas, processada e corada pelo método de Carrazi. Os dados obtidos foram descritos em tabelas, e a densidade parasitária e freqüência microfilarêmica analisadas através de gráficos com expressão logarítima. De maneira global, Recife apresentou prevalência de 13,5%, e Olinda, 12,3%. Quando comparamos a densidade parasitária, Olinda apresentou valor médio de 70 microfilárias por 60µl de sangue, e Recife, 41. Em relação aos índices microfilarêmicos, o maior ocorreu na faixa etária de 20-29 anos. Em Olinda, por outro lado, situou se entre 30-39 anos e em indivíduos do sexo masculino. Os autores concluem que a endemia apresenta níveis endêmicos do passado, e os dados descritos alertam para uma reavaliação das campanhas de controle realizadas pela Fundação Nacional de Saúde (FNS, já que a endemia atinge dimensões ainda não mensuradas.Two districts in Recife (Santo Amaro and Campo Grande and two districts in Olinda (Sapucaia and Salgadinho, were selected for a comparative study of bancroftian filariasis in Greater Recife. Selection parameters included similar socio-economic, demographic, and endemic levels of lymphatic filariasis. In the districts studied, streets were chosen randomly. These clusters consisted of 110 people

  13. Estudo da difteria na cidade do Recife. I. Nota sôbre levantamento de portadores de Corynebacterium diphtheriae no bairro dos Coelhos Survey on diphtheriae carriers in "Bairro dos Coelhos" Recife, Brazil

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    Dalva A. Mello

    1969-06-01

    Full Text Available De uma amostra probabilística do bairro dos Coelhos da cidade do Recife, 410 indivíduos foram examinados para verificação de portadores de difteria. Sòmente duas amostras de C. diphtheriae foram isoladas de duas crianças de 8 a 9 anos, as quais não apresentaram sintomatologia compatível com o quadro diftérico.From a limited population living around the University Hospital in Recife, Brazil a randomic sample was examined in order to identify diphtheria carriers. Swabs were made from 410 persons in a house-to-house survey. Two strains of Corynebacterium diphtheriae were isolated from healthy 8 and 9-year old children.

  14. EDUCAÇÃO COLONIAL EM PERNAMBUCO: UM ESTUDO DE CASO

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    Luiz Gustavo Lima Freire

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to reflect on the colonial education, specifically during the eighteenth century, held in Brazil in the province of Pernambuco. To meet this objective we will use some documents from “Arquivo Histórico Ultramarino” looking for to understand how they can representing the ideas that prevailed during that period. It is intended that context, to understand what were the proposed guidelines for teaching in some indian villages in Pernambuco and how were consistent with the policy of the marquis of Pombal and the foundations of the Enlightenment.

  15. Richness of gall-inducing insects in the tropical dry forest (caatinga of Pernambuco

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    Jean Carlos Santos

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Diversity of gall-inducing insects in the tropical dry forest (caatinga of Pernambuco. We report on the richness of galling insects in the vegetation of caatinga of Pernambuco state, Brazil. We recorded 64 different types of galls collected primarily from leaves and stems of 48 species of host plants belonging to 17 families and 31 genera. The most common gall morphological types were spheroid and discoid, glabrous, predominantly green and with one chamber. The main gall inducing taxon was the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera. The results of this study contribute to existing knowledge of galling insect and host-plant diversity in caatinga.

  16. Benthic Bacillariophyta of the Paripe River estuary in Pernambuco state, Brazil

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    AN. Moura

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate the benthic diatom composition from the estuary sediment in the Pernambuco State, based on 32 samples. Samples were collected monthly from September through December 1999 (dry period and from April through July 2000 (rainy period during four pre established sampling stations. Results indicated 19 families and 31 specific and infraspecific taxa. Eight new records were founded for Pernambuco State: Auliscus coelatus, Fallacia nummularia, Navicula algida, Plagiograma pulchellum, Terpsinoe americana, Triceratium antideluvianna and Tryblionella coarctata and one, Auliscus punctatus Bailey, in northeastern Brazil.

  17. The Geographic Information System applied to study schistosomiasis in Pernambuco.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbosa, Verônica Santos; Loyo, Rodrigo Moraes; Guimarães, Ricardo José de Paula Souza E; Barbosa, Constança Simões

    2017-01-01

    Diagnose risk environments for schistosomiasis in coastal localities of Pernambuco using geoprocessing techniques. A coproscopic and malacological survey were carried out in the Forte Orange and Serrambi areas. Environmental variables (temperature, salinity, pH, total dissolved solids and water fecal coliform dosage) were collected from Biomphalaria breeding sites or foci. The spatial analysis was performed using ArcGis 10.1 software, applying the kernel estimator, elevation map, and distance map. In Forte Orange, 4.3% of the population had S. mansoni and were found two B. glabrata and 26 B. straminea breeding sites. The breeding sites had temperatures of 25ºC to 41ºC, pH of 6.9 to 11.1, total dissolved solids between 148 and 661, and salinity of 1,000 d. In Serrambi, 4.4% of the population had S. mansoni and were found seven B. straminea and seven B. glabrata breeding sites. Breeding sites had temperatures of 24ºC to 36ºC, pH of 7.1 to 9.8, total dissolved solids between 116 and 855, and salinity of 1,000 d. The kernel estimator shows the clusters of positive patients and foci of Biomphalaria, and the digital elevation map indicates areas of rainwater concentration. The distance map shows the proximity of the snail foci with schools and health facilities. Geoprocessing techniques prove to be a competent tool for locating and scaling the risk areas for schistosomiasis, and can subsidize the health services control actions.

  18. Environmental diagnosis of the Monument Natural Pedra do Cachorro, Pernambuco, Brazil | Diagnóstico ambiental do Monumento Natural Pedra do Cachorro, Pernambuco , Brasil

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    Deivide Benício Soares

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The Conservation Unit Monument Natural Pedra do Cachorro, located in Pernambuco Agreste, helped to increase the representativeness of the Caatinga legally protected in the state of Pernambuco, reconcile the preservation of biological diversity and the use of natural resources with ecotourism and tourism adventure already developed in the region with great potential for expansion. This protected area was established by a state decree in 2014, but were not realized, until now, environmental diagnostics to characterize the natural environment of this area, nor was it prepared its management plan. The objective of this work is then present the main environmental characteristics of the Monument Natural Pedra do Cachorro, regarding the physical and biotic environment. It is expected also that this text will serve as a basis for further technical studies to be conducted in this Conservation Unit.

  19. Perfil dos pacientes atendidos no setor de fonoaudiologia de um serviço público de Recife - PE Profile of patients receiving speech therapy care at a public service at Recife-PE

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    Percy Maria de Lima Barros

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: traçar o perfil dos pacientes cadastrados e atendidos pelo setor de Fonoaudiologia de um serviço público de Recife. MÉTODOS: o estudo foi realizado a partir da coleta e análise dos dados referentes à origem do encaminhamento, faixa etária, gênero, queixas fonoaudiológicas de crianças, adolescentes, adultos e idosos, colhidos das fichas das entrevistas iniciais. A amostra foi constituída por todos os indivíduos cadastrados no setor de Fonoaudiologia de um serviço público da cidade de Recife, no período de julho de 2007 a maio de 2008. RESULTADOS: dos 251 pacientes atendidos, 12 foram excluídos da pesquisa, três destes obtiveram alta fonoaudiológica e nove não apresentavam os dados completos. Das fichas analisadas, houve um maior número de encaminhamento realizado por Pediatras (25%, em seguida Otorrinolaringologista (16% e Clínico Geral (10%, sendo a maioria do sexo masculino (61%, com idade entre 0 a 11 anos de idade. De acordo com as queixas, as mais freqüentes foram de desvio fonológico (14%, seguidos de atraso de linguagem (11%, disfluência (10% e respirador oral (8%. Em relação ao número de queixas apresentadas, 72% apresentaram uma queixa, 25% duas queixas e 2 % três queixas associadas. CONCLUSÕES: o perfil atendido no setor de fonoaudiologia de um serviço público da cidade de Recife, apesar de ser variado, é em sua maioria do sexo masculino, encaminhado por pediatras, com alteração de voz e idade entre 0 a 11 anos, apresentando frequentemente uma única queixa fonoaudiológica.PURPOSE: to delineate the profile of patients registered and attended by a Speech Therapy sector in a public service at Recife. METHODS: the study was conducted from the collection and analysis of data concerning the origin of referral, age, gender, speech complaints of children, adolescents, adults and elderly, collected from the records of initial interviews. The sample consisted of all individuals registered in the

  20. LEUCOENCEPHALOMALACIA IN HORSES IN PERNAMBUCO STATE LEUCOENCEFALOMALÁCIA EM EQUÍDEOS NO ESTADO DE PERNAMBUCO

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    Henrique Araújo Costa Neto

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available

    Five cases of leucoencephalomalacia (LEME in horses and one in mule are reported in the State of Pernambuco, Northeastern Brazil. All animals were fed with corn or byproducts. The disease occurred in different months of the year, in the dry or raining seasons. The animals had nervous signs and the clinical manifestation period was of 24 hours to 13 days. Gross and histologic lesions of the nervous system were malacia of the centrum semi-ovale and corona radiata in all animals, brain stem in 3, and internal capsule in one. Degenerative lesions of the liver were observed in one of a total of 4 cases in which this organ was examined histologically. This animal also had increased levels of serum AST and GGT. LEME seems to be an important disease in equidae in the Brazilian semiarid. Preventive measures include correct grain storage after proper drying and also to avoid the use of corn and byproducts as the only food for horses.

     

    KEY WORDS: Leucoencephalomalacia, horses, mules, semiarid, fumonisins.

     

    Este artigo descreve cinco casos de leucoencefalomalácia (LEME em eqüinos e um caso em muar ocorridos no Agreste do Estado de Pernambuco. Todos os animais tinham histórico de ingestão de milho ou subprodutos. A doença ocorreu em diferentes épocas do ano, tanto na seca quanto na chuva. Os animais apresentaram sinais nervosos e a evolução clínica foi de 24 horas a treze dias. As lesões macroscópicas e histológicas caracterizaram-se por malacia do centrum semi-ovale e corona radiata em todos os casos, tronco encefálico em três casos e cápsula interna em um caso. Lesões degenerativas do fígado foram observadas em um dos quatro casos em que foi estudada a histologia desse órgão. Esse animal apresentou, também, aumento dos níveis séricos de AST e

  1. Características clínicas e oftalmológicas de indivíduos com necessidades especiais institucionalizados no estado de Pernambuco, Brasil

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    Priscila de Almeida Jorge

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Descrever as características clínicas e oftalmológicas encontrados em indivíduos institucionalizados, com necessidades especiais no estado de Pernambuco. MÉTODOS: Realizou-se projeto multidisciplinar em 37 pacientes, com necessidades especiais, institucionalizados na Comunidade Rodolfo Aureliano (CRAUR, unidade da Fundação da Criança e do Adolescente (FUNDAC em Recife-PE. A faixa etária dos indivíduos institucionalizados variou de seis a 30 anos, média de 18,8 ± 5,1 anos. O sexo masculino foi mais prevalente com 35 indivíduos (94,5%. Consideraram-se como indivíduos institucionalizados, aqueles que vivem abrigados em instituições mantidas pelo Estado. Foi feito estudo de corte transversal, verificando-se os principais achados clínicos e oftalmológicos destes indivíduos. Realizou-se o exame oftalmológico completo nos casos, com boa colaboração e de acordo com protocolo pré-estabelecido. RESULTADOS: Uso de álcool na gravidez foi relatado por nove mães (24,3%. Verificou-se a presença de retardo mental grave em 22 casos (59,4 %, paralisia cerebral e epilepsia em sete (18,9% indivíduos cada. Foi possível a realização do exame oftalmológico completo em 24 indivíduos (64,8%. Detectou-se cegueira legal em dez casos (41,6%. Os diagnósticos oftalmológicos mais encontrados foram ambliopia, erro refracional e phthisis bulbi em três casos (12,5% cada. Estrabismo foi encontrado em dois casos (8,3%. CONCLUSÃO: Os achados oftalmológicos revelaram a importância do exame oftalmológico em indivíduos com necessidades especiais institucionalizados. A associação com múltiplas deficiências, tais como: doenças neuropsiquiátricas, contribuiu para o maior grau de dificuldade na avaliação e condução dos casos.

  2. Paying Teachers to Perform: The Impact of Bonus Pay in Pernambuco, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferraz, Claudio; Bruns, Barbara

    2012-01-01

    This study evaluates the impact of a group (school-based) teacher bonus program introduced in the Brazilian state of Pernambuco in 2008. Research questions are: i) Does setting school level targets and awarding bonus pay produce improvements in student learning? ii) Does setting school level targets and awarding bonus pay stimulate visible…

  3. Playful Teaching Work of School Science Teachers Fundamental in a Municipal School in Pernambuco, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Medeiros Silva, Suzana Cinthia Gomes; de Oliveira, Maria Marly; de Oliveira, Gilvaneide Ferreira

    2017-01-01

    This study is part of a dissertation which aims to explore and understand the role of play in the teaching-learning process at elementary level in a public school at Pernambuco, Brazil. We opted for a qualitative approach, using the interactive methodology, interviews by the technique of hermeneutic-dialectical circle, observations of science…

  4. Differentials in vital information in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil, 2006-2008.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodrigues, Mirella; Bonfim, Cristine; de Frias, Paulo Germano; Braga, Cynthia; Gurgel, Idê Gomes Dantas; Medeiros, Zulma

    2012-06-01

    To assess differentials in official birth and death data for estimating infant mortality. An ecological study was conducted based on data obtained from birth and death information systems in the state of Pernambuco, northeastern Brazil, between 2006 and 2008. The following indicators were used: age-standardized mortality rate, relative mean deviation of mortality rate, ratio of reported to estimated live births, relative mean deviation of birth rate and proportion of deaths of unknown cause. These indicators were grouped into three dimensions: mortality, fertility and ill-defined causes. Based on predetermined criteria, municipalities were classified as follows: consolidated vital data; vital data in the consolidation phase; and non-consolidated data. The data were analyzed using EpiInfo and Terraview for map preparation. Of the 185 municipalities in the state of Pernambuco, 141 (76.2%) were classified as having consolidated vital data, accounting for about 85% of the state population, and 17 (9.2%) were classified as having non-consolidated data, accounting for only 4.9% of the population. Larger municipalities (50,000 inhabitants or more) showed better data quality. The approach studied proved itself valuable to assess the quality of vital information and identify inequalities in Pernambuco. Reduction of inequalities is a challenge in this state in the sense of enabling vital information to be analyzed directly from data systems at the local level. It will also allow assessing the effectiveness of initiatives to reduce infant mortality in Pernambuco.

  5. Glanders in donkeys (Equus Asinus) in the state of pernambuco, Brazil: A case report

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    Mota, Rinaldo Aparecido; da Fonseca Oliveira, Andréa Alice; da Silva, Andréa Marques Vieira; Junior, José Wilton Pinheiro; da Silva, Leonildo Bento Galiza; de Farias Brito, Marilene; Rabelo, Silvana Suely Assis

    2010-01-01

    The clinical, anatomical and histopatological findings of glanders diagnosis in donkeys in the state of Pernambuco-Brazil are reported. The animals were euthanized and necropsied, and evaluated for lesions in respiratory and lymphatic systems, confirming the disease by isolation of Burkholderia mallei and Strauss test. PMID:24031474

  6. SAMBAS, BATUQUES, VOZERIAS AND PUBLIC FARKS: THE SOCIAL CONTROL ON SLAVES IN PERNAMBUCO (1850 - 1888)

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    Clarissa Nunes Maia

    1996-01-01

    This work deals with the abolition of corporal punishment and the extinction of many of these prohibitions to free men eaten in the municipal positions of Pernambuco. These changes were effects not only of the gradual abolition but also of the new problems that arose in the control of the slaves.

  7. The Role of the Submarine Channel Pernambuco in the Brazilian Continental Margin East

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Torres, L.; Villena, H.

    2010-01-01

    The Brazilian Continental Margin, which coastline measures more than 8,500km gives to Brazil continental dimensions. This huge region is conditioned by the action of process such as, sedimentals, tectonics, geomorphological and climatical, as example, which direct or in conjunction with other ones, since of continental break up between South America and Africa are going on and may be responsible for the current morphology of the margin. In accordance with this point of view, the Oriental part of the Brazilian Continental Margin, presents characteristics of a passive margin and fisiographically ''starved'', in which the continental break occur no more than 100km from de coastline and the sedimentary coverage is mainly carbonatic. The continental slope does not present great extension if compared with other parts of the Brazilian Margin and sharp gradient. The remark presence of the continental plateaus (Rio Grande Plateau and Pernambuco Plateau), which link with the continental rise and additionally the Paraiba, Pernambuco e Bahia seamounts, are the majors features in the morphology of the region between the slope and the continental rise. This paper will concentrate its focus on Bahia Seamount, with emphasis in the mainly erosive feature which cut transversally the seamounts, named Pernambuco Submarine Channel. It will be employed bathymetric multibeam and seismic data carried out by the Brazilian Continental Shelf Project (LEPLAC) in the current year and pieces of information from bibliographic researches in order to present a discussion by the hole of the Pernambuco Submarine Channel in the Occidental region of the Brazilian Continental Margin

  8. Glanders in donkeys (Equus asinus in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil: a case report

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    Rinaldo Aparecido Mota

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The clinical, anatomical and histopatological findings of glanders diagnosis in donkeys in the state of Pernambuco-Brazil are reported. The animals were euthanized and necropsied, and evaluated for lesions in respiratory and lymphatic systems, confirming the disease by isolation of Burkholderia mallei and Strauss test.

  9. Glanders in donkeys (Equus Asinus) in the state of pernambuco, Brazil: A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mota, Rinaldo Aparecido; da Fonseca Oliveira, Andréa Alice; da Silva, Andréa Marques Vieira; Junior, José Wilton Pinheiro; da Silva, Leonildo Bento Galiza; de Farias Brito, Marilene; Rabelo, Silvana Suely Assis

    2010-01-01

    The clinical, anatomical and histopatological findings of glanders diagnosis in donkeys in the state of Pernambuco-Brazil are reported. The animals were euthanized and necropsied, and evaluated for lesions in respiratory and lymphatic systems, confirming the disease by isolation of Burkholderia mallei and Strauss test.

  10. Linfossarcoma em bovinos no Agreste Meridional de Pernambuco

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    Alonso P. Silva Filho

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho são descritos os sinais clínicos, patologia clínica e patologia de 24 bovinos com leucose bovina enzoótica atendidos na Clínica de Bovinos de Garanhuns da Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco. Esses casos representaram 0,5% de 4.758 bovinos atendidos entre os anos de 2000 e 2010. A doença afetou 22 (91,7% fêmeas e dois machos. Vinte e um animais (87,5% eram de raças leiteras (seis Holandês, 13 Girolando, um Jersey e um Pardo Suíça e três (12,5% eram da raça Nelore. Vinte e três animais (95,8% tinham idade entre 3 e 8 anos e um era mais jovem. Todos eram criados em regime de confinamento ou semi-confinamento. Clinicamente todos os animais apresentaram aumento dos linfonodos superficias. Outros sinais frequentes foram hiporexia, diminuição da produção de leite, emagrecimento progressivo, escore corporal baixo, desidratação, hipomotilidade dos pré-estômagos e fezes alteradas e em pouca quantidade. Com menor frequência foram observados exoftalmia, dispneia e aumento de volume do útero. No leucograma foi constatada leucocitose média de 34.082/µL, com linfocitose de 21.814/µL e neutrofilia de 10.906/µL. Treze animais foram necropsiados e os demais foram enviados pelos proprietários para o abate. Dos treze animais abatidos todos apresentaram lesões nos linfonodos superficiais, seis nos linfonodos mesentéricos, seis no intestino, três no abomaso, um no coração, um no fígado, um no rúmen, um no útero e um no rim. Diante da importância desta enfermidade e dos prejuízos causados pela mesma é necessário alertar produtores sobre os cuidados a serem tomados durante a aquisição de animais, assim como da necessidade de implantar medidas que evitem a difusão da doença entre as fazendas.

  11. Desigualdades raciais na mortalidade de mulheres adultas no Recife, 2001 a 2003 Racial inequality in the mortality of adult women in Recife, 2001-2003

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    Sony Maria dos Santos

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available As desigualdades raciais, resultantes dos efeitos da exclusão social, são influenciadas pela prática de preconceitos e discriminações. O termo raça pode ser entendido como identidade coletiva ou consciência política que constrói uma auto-estima socialmente positiva. Objetivou-se caracterizar desigualdades raciais na mortalidade de mulheres adultas negras e brancas, residentes em Recife, entre 2001 e 2003. No estudo, tipo transversal, incluíram-se 2.943 óbitos de mulheres de 20 a 59 anos, captados no Sistema de Informação sobre Mortalidade, com raça/cor branca e negra (preta + parda, analisando-se a mortalidade proporcional, coeficientes de mortalidade e razões de taxas. O risco de morte de negras foi 1,7 vezes superior ao de brancas. Entre as negras identificou-se maior risco de morte em todas as faixas etárias e maior proporção de óbitos em hospitais do SUS, de mulheres sem companheiro e que exerciam serviços/atividades domésticas. Quanto às causas básicas, observaram-se maiores coeficientes de mortalidade em todos os capítulos e causas específicas, exceto por neoplasias na faixa de 20 a 29 anos e por câncer de mama nas faixas de 30 a 39 e 50 a 59 anos. Entre negras e brancas, quanto menor a idade, maior a desigualdade do risco de morte por causas externas. Em negras, ressalta-se o maior risco de morte por homicídios; acidentes de transporte; doenças isquêmicas do coração, cerebrovasculares e hipertensivas; diabetes e tuberculose. Os achados revelam iniqüidades na saúde das mulheres negras, decorrentes da violação de direitos que dificultam a ascensão social e o acesso a condições dignas de saúde.Racial inequalities are effects of social exclusion, being influenced by prejudice and discrimination. The term race is used here meaning group identity or political perception of sharing a particular racial heritage, which builds a positive social self-esteem. The study aimed to characterize the mortality pattern

  12. Percepção sobre o conhecimento e profilaxia das zoonoses e posse responsável em pais de alunos do pré-escolar de escolas situadas na comunidade localizada no bairro de Dois Irmãos na cidade do Recife (PE Perception of the zoonosis and responsible pet care by the parents from public schools kindergarten located at metropolitan region of Recife, northeast of Brazil

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    Ana Maria Alves Lima

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo desta pesquisa foi avaliar a percepção sobre zoonoses e posse responsável de pais de alunos, observando o nível de conhecimento e a conscientização dos entrevistados acerca do tema.Uma amostra de conveniência de 64 pais de alunos do pré-escolar de duas escolas situadas na Região Metropolitana do Recife (PE, foi analisada, utilizando um questionário para análise da percepção. Entre os entrevistados, 71,8 % não sabiam reconhecer o significado do termo zoonoses, porém 16% souberam reconhecer pelo menos um tipo de zoonose. Doenças transmitidas de animais a humanos foram associadas a suas formas de transmissão, como contato físico entre animais e o homem, mordeduras, contaminação fecal de água e alimentos com cistos e ovos de nematódeos, penetração de larvas de nematódeos na pele e através de insetos vetores. Os principais cuidados com animais de estimação relatados foram vacinação antirrábica (92,2%, administração de anti-helmínticos (76,6% e consultas ao médico veterinário (82,8%. Contudo, 23,4% dos pais tinham conhecimento que algumas parasitoses transmitidas por fezes de cães e gatos são zoonoses. A conscientização dos pais não apenas sobre doenças transmitidas por animais, mas sobre posse responsável, constitui-se um instrumento importante para reduzir os riscos de transmissão de zoonoses.The goal of this research was to examine parents' perception of the zoonosis and responsible pet care, observing their level of knowledge and awareness about the theme. A convenience sample of 64 parents from two kindergarten schools located at Metropolitan Region of Recife, Pernambuco State, was surveyed using a perception questionnaire. Findings indicate that 71.8 % didn't know the meaning of the term zoonosis, but 16% recognize at least one type of the disease. Diseases transmitted from animals to humans were associated to the way of transmission, as physical contact between animal and man, bite wound

  13. Lifestyle in hypertensive subjects attending the “Academia da Cidade” program, Recife, Brazil

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    Isabella Martins Barbosa da Silva Paes

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To identify the lifestyle of hypertensive patients attending the “Academia da Cidade” program of the VI Sanitary District, in Recife-PE, Brazil, with regard to behaviors that can influence the control of risk factors for complications of hypertension. Methods: A descriptive, observational and cross-sectional study. The study population included all that attended the four sites of the program “Academia da Cidade” which claimed to be suffering from high blood pressure and agreed to join in the survey (n=78. Structured questionnaires were applied containing questions about social, economic and demographic factors, but alsorelated to lifestyle. Results: Although existing a regularity in the participation and duration period of physical activity, the number of hypertensive patients who were overweight was high (n = 51, 65.4%. In relation to other behaviors, we highlight those related to eatinghabits, where 30 (39.2% of interviewees were not able to identify some of these habits. Those who identified said they consumed in excess, especially fatty foods (31.3%, fried (25.0% and meat (16.7%. Conclusion: These findings reinforce the need to develop and expand educational measures to influence behavior change of the population in relation to lifestyle.

  14. Temporal evolution of pollution by trace metals and plants analysis in Apipucos reservoir, Recife, PE, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Souza, Vivianne L.B. de; Fonseca, Cassia K.L.; Santos, Suzana O.; Paiva, Ana C. de; Silva, Waldecy A. da

    2015-01-01

    Water and sediments may reflect the current quality of an aquatic system and the historical behavior of certain hydrological and chemical parameters. Analysis of metals in sediment profiles are used to determine anomalies in their concentrations, as well as sources of pollution. This study was performed in Apipucos Reservoir in the city of Recife, Brazil. Samples of water, plants and sediments were collected in the study area and their metals content (extract by adding acids) were determined a fast sequential atomic absorption spectrometer (SpectrAA-220FS/VARIAN). The 210 Pb activity concentration in each sediment layer was determined through the beta counting of 210 Bi after lead precipitation as lead chromate. The results showed the metals' behavior in sediments: iron and manganese concentrations in sediments increase proportionately with the ages of the sediments. In general, cobalt, copper and zinc were also their concentrations increased over the years. These same elements in water are similar from the blank samples, however the roots of 'Eichhornia crassipes' assimilated higher concentrations of metals than the stems and leaves of this species. (author)

  15. Evaluation of institutional foster care services for children and adolescents in Recife.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Acioli, Raquel Moura Lins; Barreira, Alice Kelly; Lima, Maria Luiza Carvalho de; Lima, Maria Luiza Lopes Timóteo de; Assis, Simone Gonçalves de

    2018-02-01

    This study aimed to evaluate the structure and process of institutional foster care services for the protection of children and adolescents who are victims of neglect and/or violence in Recife. A semi-structured questionnaire was applied to those responsible for the services. Variables frequency were calculated and the following implementation level classification system adopted: critical, when compliance was less than 40% of the recommended standards; inadequate, 40-59%; acceptable, 60%-89%; adequate and excellent, 90-100%. The qualitative analysis consisted in interviews with one manager from the Judiciary and three managers from the Executive. Of the five philanthropic institutions investigated, two had an excellent standard structure; two were acceptable and one inadequate. Among public institutions, one was considered inadequate and the others acceptable. Regarding the process, one institution was found to be excellent and the others acceptable. The content analysis identified that the greatest challenges to introduction of the measures envisaged in the Child and Adolescent Statute are drug use, family geographical remoteness, lack of integration with other institutions and staff turnover.

  16. Um modelo espacial de demanda habitacional para a cidade do Recife

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    Rubens Alves Dantas

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho mostra a importância da utilização da econometria espacial nos estudos dos fenômenos relacionados à economia urbana, em particular, no comportamento do mercado habitacional. Nas análises realizadas, com o objetivo de estimar uma Função de Demanda por Habitação para a cidade do Recife, com base em informações do Censo Demográfico (2000 e dados de imóveis financiados pela Caixa Econômica Federal, verificaram-se fortes indícios de dependência espacial em todas as variáveis econômicas exploradas. Verifica-se que a maneira de considerar a questão espacial, em função de distâncias da habitação a polos de influência ou dividindo o espaço em regiões, como vem ocorrendo corriqueiramente na literatura, não é capaz de explicar completamente o comportamento da demanda por habitação. Os resultados indicam que as equações de demanda tradicionalmente estimadas, sem levar em conta os efeitos de dependência espacial, podem gerar resultados tendenciosos, com a elasticidade-preço representando menos de 50% da estimativa do modelo espacial.

  17. Mutational and acquired carbapenem resistance mechanisms in multidrug resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa clinical isolates from Recife, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavalcanti, Felipe Lira de Sá; Mirones, Cristina Rodríguez; Paucar, Elena Román; Montes, Laura Álvarez; Leal-Balbino, Tereza Cristina; Morais, Marcia Maria Camargo de; Martínez-Martínez, Luis; Ocampo-Sosa, Alain Antonio

    2015-12-01

    An investigation was carried out into the genetic mechanisms responsible for multidrug resistance in nine carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from different hospitals in Recife, Brazil. Susceptibility to antimicrobial agents was determined by broth microdilution. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was employed to detect the presence of genes encoding β-lactamases, aminoglycoside-modifying enzymes (AMEs), 16S rRNA methylases, integron-related genes and OprD. Expression of genes coding for efflux pumps and AmpC cephalosporinase were assessed by quantitative PCR. The outer membrane proteins were separated by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The blaSPM-1, blaKPC-2 and blaGES-1 genes were detected in P. aeruginosa isolates in addition to different AME genes. The loss of OprD in nine isolates was mainly due to frameshift mutations, premature stop codons and point mutations. An association of loss of OprD with the overexpression of MexAB-OprM and MexXY-OprM was observed in most isolates. Hyper-production of AmpC was also observed in three isolates. Clonal relationship of the isolates was determined by repetitive element palindromic-PCR and multilocus sequence typing. Our results show that the loss of OprD along with overexpression of efflux pumps and β-lactamase production were responsible for the multidrug resistance in the isolates analysed.

  18. Temporal evolution of pollution by trace metals and plants analysis in Apipucos reservoir, Recife, PE, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Souza, Vivianne L.B. de; Fonseca, Cassia K.L.; Santos, Suzana O.; Paiva, Ana C. de; Silva, Waldecy A. da, E-mail: vlsouza@cnen.gov.br, E-mail: riziakelia@hotmail.com [Centro Regional de Ciencias Nucleares (CRCN-NE/CNEN), Recife, PE (Brazil)

    2015-07-01

    Water and sediments may reflect the current quality of an aquatic system and the historical behavior of certain hydrological and chemical parameters. Analysis of metals in sediment profiles are used to determine anomalies in their concentrations, as well as sources of pollution. This study was performed in Apipucos Reservoir in the city of Recife, Brazil. Samples of water, plants and sediments were collected in the study area and their metals content (extract by adding acids) were determined a fast sequential atomic absorption spectrometer (SpectrAA-220FS/VARIAN). The {sup 210}Pb activity concentration in each sediment layer was determined through the beta counting of {sup 210}Bi after lead precipitation as lead chromate. The results showed the metals' behavior in sediments: iron and manganese concentrations in sediments increase proportionately with the ages of the sediments. In general, cobalt, copper and zinc were also their concentrations increased over the years. These same elements in water are similar from the blank samples, however the roots of 'Eichhornia crassipes' assimilated higher concentrations of metals than the stems and leaves of this species. (author)

  19. [Axé, corporal practices, and AIDS in Africanist religions in Recife, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rios, Luis Felipe; Oliveira, Cinthia; Garcia, Jonathan; Parker, Richard

    2013-12-01

    This article analyzes the responses of Afro-Brazilian religions to the Aids epidemic in Recife, taking into consideration the religious symbolic structure. Drawing on participant observation and in-depth interviews conducted with Afro-Brazilian religious leaders and public health officials, it highlights the importance of "axé" _ the native category used to interpret corporal events _ in order to understand the history of Aids in this religious community. Axé is mystical energy, corporal vitality. It is manipulated in religious rituals and is symbolically associated with blood, perspiration and semen. In these times of HIV, the body scarification rituals and exchanges of fluids during sexual exchanges are the ways by which axé circulates among adept and are the core elements for its promotion, though they have also become a means for the transmission of the HIV virus. These elements were the basis of the dialogue between religious institutions and the public health system. This process generated changes in religious practices for regulation of social reproduction and the sexual life of the adepts.

  20. Biomonitoring of air quality in the metropolitan region of Recife, PE, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Santos, Thiago Oliveira dos

    2016-01-01

    The interest on questions related to environmental conservation has increased in recent decades, being air pollution one of the main public health problems in huge urban centers. Major part of this atmospheric contamination is caused by gaseous pollutants and inhalable particulate matter. One of the main sources is the burning of fossil fuels mainly emitted by motor vehicles. Some organisms, like lichen and atmospheric bromeliad, are able to accumulate chemical elements in their tissues, thereby becoming excellent tools for air quality studies of monitoring. The present work evaluated the air quality in the Metropolitan Region of Recife (RMR) using the lichen Cladonia verticillaris and the bromeliad Tillandsia recurvata, through the quantification of chemical elements associated to vehicles traffic. The biomonitors were transferred to 40 points distributed in the RMR with different intensities of the vehicle traffic. After the exposition period of six months, Al, Ba, Ca, Cd, Cl, Fe, Mg, Mn, P, Pb, Sb, Sr, Th, V and Zn were quantified by Energy Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) and Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS). The organisms were complementary, being appropriated tools for monitoring the air quality. The vehicle traffic was considered one of the major contributor for increasing chemical elements in the RMR urban atmosphere. (author)

  1. Los espacios libres públicos como expresión de la identidad de los barrios centrales de Recife./ The public spaces as an expression of the identity of the central districts of Recife.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leão Barros, Sandra Augusta.

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Recife, al racif (acera de piedra en homenaje a la barrera de arrecifes naturales existentes, es el nombre de la ciudad que tuvo en la geografía natural su función primaria de núcleo portuario, y tiene hasta hoy su identidad ligada a los espacios públicos de sus barrios centrales, su forma natural da lugar a la forma construida, siendo moldeada por esta. Como porción de tierra tomada en parte al río, y en parte al mar, aspira desde siempre a la libertad, destacando su espíritu colectivo, y el gusto por los horizontes libres permitiendo observar el gran océano y los ríos que la rodean. Desde el dominio holandés (1630-1654, período que vio una gran reforma y configuración de su centro (formado por varias islas y puentes, hubo preocupación por presencia de espacios públicos diversos en su trazado: jardines del palacio, márgenes de muelles y cabezas de puentes, patios de iglesias y/o mercados. El trazado urbano de los barrios centrales –Barrio del Recife, San Antonio y San José, comienzan a tomar cuerpo y significado tomando en cuenta el ancho de las calles y el largo de las manzanas, perfil que continua hasta hoy en gran parte de esos barrios, aunque las fachadas hayan sido cambiadas./The author analyses how the Brazilian city of Recife takes the natural geography as platform for its urban development. In the Dutch occupation (1630-1654, the city was reconfigured, and the downtown was defined in the way we see them now, with open public spaces toward the ocean and city river.

  2. Incidência e fatores de risco de diarréia e infecções respiratórias agudas em comunidades urbanas de Pernambuco, Brasil Incidence and risks factors for diarrhoea and acute respiratory infections in urban communities of Pernambuco, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Luisa Vázquez

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Em estudo de intervenção educativa sobre diarréia e infecções respiratórias agudas (IRA nos Municípios de Olinda e Recife, realizaram-se duas pesquisas domiciliares em uma amostra de famílias, com pelo menos uma criança abaixo de cinco anos, em abril-maio de 1992 e 1994. Foram estudadas 5.436 crianças. A incidência anual corrigida (IAC de diarréia foi de 2,7 episódios por criança/ano, com uma incidência de 10,2% nas duas semanas prévias ao inquérito, estável para 1992 e 1994. Os fatores associados de forma constante a um maior risco de diarréia foram a idade da criança abaixo de dois anos, ausência de saneamento básico e de eletrodomésticos no domicílio. IAC de IRA foi de 9,5 episódios por criança/ano. A incidência de IRA foi de 41,0% em 1992 e de 32,6% em 1994, sendo a maioria de vias respiratórias altas (75,9%. Só o fator baixa idade mostrou associação com o maior risco de IRA. Os resultados indicam a importância que ambas patologias ainda têm na saúde das crianças menores de cinco anos, e, no caso da diarréia, a necessidade urgente de ampliar a cobertura dos serviços básicos visando ao impacto na redução da incidência.Magnitude and distribution of Diarrhoea and Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI in children were studied within a larger research that focused on health education. Two household surveys were conducted in a sample of families with at least one child under five years of Recife and Olinda in April-May 1992 and 1994. The total number of children studied was 5436. The estimated adjusted annual incidence rate (AAIR of diarrhoea was 2.7 episodes per child. The two-week incidence rate of diarrhoea was 10.2% for both years. Risk factors associated with higher incidence of diarrhoea were age (under two years, lack of sanitation facilities and the absence of electric appliances in the household. The estimated AAIR of ARI was 9.5 episodes per child. The two-week incidence rate of ARI was 41.0% in 1992

  3. Análise da mutação G20210A no gene da protrombina (fator II em pacientes com suspeita de trombofilia no sul do Brasil Analysis of prothrombin G20210A mutation (factor II in patients with suspected trombophilia in Southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Edgar Herkenhoff

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: A protrombina (fator II é uma proteína sanguínea sintetizada no fígado com a presença de vitamina K. É a precursora da trombina, que induz a formação de fibrina. Foi descrita uma mutação no gene da protrombina G20210A, associada diretamente a altos níveis de protrombina no sangue e, consequentemente, à trombofilia. Essa variante alélica consiste em mutação pontual, também chamada de polimorfismo de nucleotídeo simples (SNP, ocasionando a troca de uma guanina por uma adenina no nucleotídeo 20210, localizado em um sítio de clivagem do precursor do ácido ribonucleico mensageiro (mRNA. Essa troca caracteriza o alelo A e a ausência da mutação do alelo G. OBJETIVO: Quantificar o número de indivíduos homozigotos para alelo G, homozigotos para alelo A e heterozigotos, cujas amostras foram enviadas para o laboratório Genolab Análises Genéticas, abrangendo os estados do Paraná e Santa Catarina, no período de 1º de janeiro de 2009 a 10 de outubro de 2010. MÉTODOS: Análise de mutação pontual por reação em cadeia da polimerase em tempo real (RT-PCR. RESULTADOS: Obtivemos o número de 243 indivíduos e desse total 51,03% eram oriundos do estado do Paraná, enquanto 48,97%, oriundos do estado de Santa Catarina. Do total analisado, 88,89% possuíam o genótipo para homozigoto G, e nenhum indivíduo foi encontrado com mutação para homozigoto A. Apenas 11,11% possuíam genótipo heterozigoto. O estado de Santa Catarina apresentou frequência superior para genótipo heterozigoto em relação ao Paraná. CONCLUSÃO: Este estudo mostrou que é recomendável a identificação do genótipo para esse gene em pacientes com suspeita de trombofilia nos dois estados.INTRODUCTION: Prothrombin (factor II is a blood protein synthesized in the liver in the presence of vitamin K. It is a thrombin precursor, which induces fibrin formation. Prothrombin G20210A mutation and high prothrombin levels have been closely associated

  4. Decisões judiciais sobre acesso aos medicamentos em Pernambuco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Artur Stamford

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar as decisões do sistema jurídico sobre acesso da população a medicamentos no Sistema Único de Saúde por via judicial quanto a critérios de decisão e eventuais pressões políticas e econômicas. MÉTODOS: Estudo documental descritivo e retrospectivo de abordagem qualitativa e quantitativa. A coleta de dados foi realizada na Superintendência Estadual de Assistência Farmacêutica de Pernambuco, utilizando-se como fontes de dados 105 ações judiciais e relatórios administrativos de janeiro a junho de 2009. Verificaram-se os medicamentos com pedido ou carta patente no banco de dados do Instituto Nacional de Propriedade Industrial para identificar a frequência das patentes nas ações judiciais. Os dados obtidos foram classificados conforme o Sistema Anatômico Terapêutico Químico. Para análise das decisões judiciais, foi utilizada a teoria dos sistemas sociais autopoiéticos. RESULTADOS: As ações judiciais somaram 134 medicamentos com valor estimado de R$ 4,5 milhões para atender aos tratamentos solicitados; 70,9% dos medicamentos estavam com carta patente ou pedido e se concentraram em três classes terapêuticas: antineoplásicos e moduladores imunológicos, aparelho digestório e metabolismo, órgãos dos sentidos. Foram identificadas seis ideias centrais com os critérios de decisão dos magistrados (Constituição Federal e prescrição médica e as pressões entre os sistemas do direito, da economia e da política quanto ao acesso a medicamentos. CONCLUSÕES: A análise das decisões judiciais fundamentadas na teoria dos sistemas sociais autopoiéticos permitiu identificar as estimulações mútuas (dependências entre o sistema do direito e demais sistemas sociais em relação à questão do acesso dos cidadãos aos medicamentos. Essas dependências foram representadas pela Constituição Federal e pela propriedade intelectual. A Constituição Federal e a prescrição médica foram identificadas como

  5. Clorofíceas marinhas bentônicas da Praia de Serrambi, Pernambuco, Brasil Benthic marine Chlorophyceae from Serrambi Beach, Pernambuco, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sônia Maria Barreto Pereira

    1998-04-01

    Full Text Available É apresentado o levantamento florístico sobre as clorofíceas marinhas bentônicas encontradas na Praia de Serrambi, litoral Sul do Estado de Pernambuco. O material estudado foi coletado em três estações, as quais foram visitadas mensalmente durante o período de abril de 1986 a setembro de 1987. As clorofíceas foram representadas na flora local por 39 espécies, três variedades e uma forma, pertencentes às ordens Ulotrichales, Ulvales, Siphonocladales, Cladophorales, Caulerpales e Dasycladales. Acetabularia calyculus Quoy & Gaimard. In Freycinet, Bryopsis pennata Lamouroux, Bryopsis plumosa (Hudson C. Agardh, Caulerpa ambigua Okamura, Caulerpa serrulata (Forsskål J. Agardh emend Børgesen, Chaetomorpha brachygona Harvey, Cladophora coelothrix Kützing, Cladophoropsis membranacea (C. Agardh Børgesen, Codium intertextum Collins & Hervey, Ernodesmis verticillata (Kützing Børgesen são novas referências para a flora do litoral de Pernambuco. Pringsheimiella scutata (Reinke von Höhnel ex Marchewianka o é também para o litoral continental do Brasil. Halimeda opuntia (L. Lamouroux foi hospedeira de maior número de epífitas, enquanto Bryopsis plumosa, quando epífita, foi a que cresceu sobre maior número de hospedeiros.This survey presents studies about benthics marine chlorophyceae found in the Serrambi Beach, South coast of Pernambuco. The material studied was collected in three stations, which were visited monthly during the period from April, 1986 to September, 1987. The chlorophyceae were represented in this flora by 39 species, three varieties and one form, from orders Ulotrichales, Ulvales, Siphonocladales, Cladophorales, Caulerpales and Dasycladales. Acetabularia calyculus Quoy & Gaimard. In Freycinet, Bryopsis pennata Lamouroux, Bryopsis plumosa (Hudson C. Agardh, Caulerpa ambigua Okamura, Caulerpa serrulata (Forsskål J. Agardh emend Børgesen, Chaetomorpha brachygona Harvey, Cladophora coelothrix Kützing, Cladophoropsis

  6. Cabo rift structural analysis, Pernambuco State south coast land, Brazil; Analise estrutural do rifte do Cabo, litoral sul do estado de Pernambuco, Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Polonia, Jorge Alexandre L. [Companhia de Pesquisas de Recursos Minerais (CPRM), Recife, PE (Brazil)

    1997-12-31

    The Cabo Rift, located at Pernambuco State South coast land and inserted in the Brazilian coastal basin set, was generated at Eocretaceous during the tectonic processes responsible by the South-American and African continents separation. In this study, the structural analysis of the Cabo Rift was based mainly in the Oliveira (1993) gravimetric surveys, in radar image analysis and in some works (Polonia, 1997) that distinguished the structures characterization and determination that originated the Cabo Basin. In this last stage, some data about kinematic indicators in faults plans, like secondary fractures, striations, etc., were collected and treated statistically with specific softwares 6 refs., 4 figs.

  7. A REAL TIME GPS REFERENCE NETWORK FOR CADASTRAL SURVEYS IN RECIFE, BRAZIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudia P. Krueger

    2003-07-01

    Full Text Available The establishment and maintenance of geodetic reference frames which are an essential foundation for all surveys related to land management, GIS and large scale mapping are very expensive. Large countries like Brazil cannot afford a dense, nation-wide control network. Active GPS reference stations provide an alternative concept for reference frames. Because of the high potential of relative carrier phase-based GPS measurements, it is sufficient to tie GPS surveys to the next reference station with precisely known coordinates. The connection to adjacent control monuments is not required as long as network distortions can be either neglected or modelled. Therefore the effort for classical monumented networks can be reduced drastically. For those applications requiring sub decimetre or even centimetre-level accuracy in real time, the working radius of a field station is limited to less than 10 km from the next reference station, especially in the equatorial region. To overcome this unsatisfactory situation, the spatial and temporal correlations of GPS measurement errors introduced by ionosphere, troposphere, and satellite orbit need to be modelled in a real time multi station solution. A concept for such a local GPS reference network covering only densely populated areas or an important economic region has been developed in a collaborative Brazilian-German research project. In the paper, we discuss the set up of a local GPS reference network that was operated in the urban area of Recife during November 2000, and positioning results for control and cadastral surveys are given. The real time multi station solutions yield more precise, more reliable, and much faster results, but are still limited by strong ionospheric anomalies.

  8. Landscape's values: the meaning of rivers and teh mangrove Recife city

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Onilda Gomes Bezerra

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho apresenta uma reflexão acerca dos valores atribuídos à paisagem dos rios e manguezais da cidade do Recife, aqui representados pelo rio Capibaribe e pelo Manguezal do Pina, da interpretação dos significados evocados por grupos humanos que vivenciam e mantêm relação direta ou indiretamente com esses ambientes. Busca-se desenvolver subsídios para a construção de instrumentos de avaliação da conservação patrimonial como diretrizes norteadoras de políticas públicas de proteção do patrimônio natural e cultural. Parte-se do pressuposto que o meio ambiente é constituído por bens naturais e culturais, que se expressa na paisagem. Compreendendo que o sítio natural tem papel fundamental na formação fisiográfica, estruturação urbana e no uso e ocupação da cidade, constitui-se como marco patrimonial representativo da identidade sociocultural de sua paisagem. As paisagens podem ser interpretadas no tempo e no espaço de formas distintas, ao serem representadas segundo os valores atribuídos pelos olhares e pelas percepções, formados dentro de contextos socioeconômicos e culturais específicos. Na análise, adotou-se como fundamentação teórica a abordagem da paisagem cultural sob a ótica da Nova Geografia Cultural, e como resultados identificaram-se diferentes valores obtidos a partir da interpretação das representações dos grupos humanos investigados.

  9. Genetic variability in accessions of the acerola germplasm bank of Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moraes Filho, R M; Martins, L S S; Musser, R S; Montarroyos, A V V; Silva, E F

    2013-10-29

    Brazil is the world's largest producer of acerola, Malpighia emarginata (Malpighiaceae); the Northeast is responsible for 60% of the national production. The culture of acerola in Brazil has great genetic variability; plantings have high phenotypic diversity and are not very productive, often originating from propagation by seed. We evaluated the genetic diversity of 42 accessions from the Acerola Active Germplasm Bank of Universidade Federal de Pernambuco. Using 15 RAPD primers, 182 markers were obtained, of which 166 were polymorphic and 16 were monomorphic. We found high genetic variability among the accessions (ĤE = 0.29), with no redundancy. Considering the accessions from the states of Pernambuco, Bahia and Pará as distinct groups, there was greater diversity in accessions from Bahia than from the other two states.

  10. [Overweight in children and adolescents in Pernambuco State, Brazil: prevalence and determinants].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leal, Vanessa Sá; Lira, Pedro Israel Cabral de; Oliveira, Juliana Souza; Menezes, Risia C E de; Sequeira, Leopoldina Augusta de Souza; Arruda Neto, Manoel Alexandre de; Andrade, Sonia Lúcia Lucena Sousa de; Batista Filho, Malaquias

    2012-06-01

    This study aimed to determine the prevalence of overweight and associated risk factors in children and adolescents in Pernambuco State, Brazil, in 2006. The cross-sectional, population-based study included 1,435 individuals from 5 to 19 years of age. Poisson regression was used to evaluate the association between selected variables and overweight. Prevalence was 13.3% for overweight (95%CI: 11.6-15.1) and 3.8% for obesity. Adjusted prevalence ratios showed that higher family income, maternal schooling, possession of household consumer goods, living in urban areas, and maternal overweight were associated with overweight in children and adolescents. The high prevalence of overweight in Pernambuco emphasizes the need for public health measures targeting all families regardless of socioeconomic status.

  11. Ticks and fleas in crab-eating fox (Cerdocyon thous of Pernambuco state, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edna Michelly de Sá Santos

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se identificar as espécies de pulgas e carrapatos de Cerdocyon thous provenientes do estado Pernambuco. Foram examinados 20 animais, estando 30% (6/20 ectoparasitados. Foram coletadas 16 pulgas e 17 carrapatos em cachorros-do-mato de vida livre e de cativeiro no estado de Pernambuco. As pulgas foram identificadas como: Pulex irritans e Ctenocephalides felis; e os carrapatos foram: Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato e Amblyomma ovale. A presença de ectoparasitos de animais domésticos parasitando C. thous, sugere a aproximação de indivíduos desta espécie ao peridomicílio. Além disso, este é o primeiro relato da ocorrência de A. ovale em C. thous no nordeste brasileiro.

  12. Arbuscular mycorrhiza in species of Commelinidae (Liliopsida) in the state of Pernambuco (Brazil)

    OpenAIRE

    Silva Gladstone Alves da; Santos Bartolomeu Acioli dos; Alves Marccus Vinícius; Maia Leonor Costa

    2001-01-01

    Mycorrhiza are a mutualistic symbiosis between fungi and plant roots, the main benefit to the plant being increased nutrient uptake. The arbuscular is the most important kind of mycorrhiza for agriculture and it is widespread in occurrence and distribution in most ecosystems. The aim of this work was to study the mycorrhizal status of the species of Commelinidae that occur in the State of Pernambuco. Plant roots, collected in ten municipalities, were washed, cleared in KOH, stained with Trypa...

  13. As empresas da Região Metropolitana do Recife e a exploração de SI/TI The companies of Metropolitan Area of Recife and the exploration of SI/TI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Paula Cabral Seixas Costa

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta os primeiros resultados obtidos com uma investigação sobre a exploração de Sistemas de Informação (SI e Tecnologia da Informação (TI em 37 (trinta e sete empresas da Região Metropolitana do Recife (RMR, sendo estas em sua maioria empresas privadas, que atuam no ramo de serviço, com faturamento anual médio abaixo de R$ 500.000,00. Este estudo exploratório tem por objetivo familiarizar os pesquisadores com a realidade do uso de SI/TI nesta região e permitir a construção de hipóteses sobre o tema.This article presents the first results obtained with an investigation about the exploration of Information Systems (IS and Information Technology (IT in 37 (thirty seven companies of the Metropolitan Area of Recife (RMR, being these in your majority deprived companies, that they act in the service branch, with medium annual billing below R$ 500.000,00. This exploratory study has for objective to familiarize the researchers with the reality of the use of IS/IT in this area and to allow the construction of hypotheses about theme.

  14. O professor de Ciências das Escolas Municipais de Recife e suas perspectivas de educação permanente Science teachers from public schools in Recife and their perspective on continuing education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kênio E. C. Lima

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo, descrevemos uma pesquisa sobre o perfil do professor de Ciências da Rede Municipal de Recife enfatizando suas perspectivas de formação continuada em Biologia. A pesquisa foi realizada por meio de entrevistas estruturadas entre 2001 e 2002, em 31 escolas. Registramos fraca interação entre os professores e a universidade, embora a maioria dos professores tenha interesse em interagir mais, na forma de cursos, capacitações, oficinas, palestras e pós-graduação. Discute-se o papel da universidade pública como pólo gerador de conhecimento e reflexão sobre a educação permanente de professores de Ciências da rede pública.In this article, we describe research about the characterization of Science teachers from public schools in Recife, emphasizing their perspectives on continuing education in Biology. The study was performed using structured interviews between 2001 and 2002, in 31 schools. We detected a weak interaction between teachers and the university, although most teachers are interested in interacting more, through courses, workshops, seminars and post-graduate courses. We discuss the role of the public university as a producer of knowledge and reflect about life long education for Science teachers from public schools.

  15. Is the "Centro de Endemismo Pernambuco" a biodiversity hotspot for orchid bees?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nemésio, A; Santos Junior, J E

    2014-08-01

    The orchid-bee faunas (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Euglossina) of the three largest forest remnants in the "Centro de Endemismo Pernambuco", northeastern Brazil, namely Estação Ecológica de Murici (ESEC Murici), RPPN Frei Caneca, and a forest preserve belonging to Usina Serra Grande, in the states of Alagoas and Pernambuco, were surveyed using seventeen different scents as baits to attract orchid-bee males. Eight sites were established in the three preserves, where samplings were carried out using two protocols: insect netting and bait trapping. We collected 3,479 orchid-bee males belonging to 29 species during 160 hours in early October, 2012. Seven species were collected in the "Centro de Endemismo Pernambuco" for the first time. Richness proved to be one of the highest of the entire Atlantic Forest domain, and diversity in some sites, especially at ESEC Murici, revealed to be one of the highest in the Neotropics. Eulaema felipei Nemésio, 2010, a species previously recorded only at ESEC Murici, was found in no other preserve in the region and its conservation status is discussed.

  16. [Intergenerational evolution of stature in Pernambuco State, Brazil (1945-2006): 1 - descriptive aspects].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Figueiroa, José Natal; Alves, João Guilherme Bezerra; Lira, Pedro Israel Cabral de; Batista Filho, Malaquias

    2012-07-01

    Linear regression models with random intercepts were used to describe the evolution in stature among residents in Pernambuco State, Brazil, in 2006, born from 1945 onward. From 1947 to 1987, yearly height gain was 0.23 cm in adult men and 0.15 cm in women. In relation to World Health Organization standard values (2006), children and adolescents showed a declining annual height deficit of -0.019 z-scores (H/A) for girls and -0.013 for boys (1987-2006). Men and women who completed 19 years of age in 1987 showed a height deficit of 5.0 cm. Projecting the trends observed in 2006, adult men and women in Pernambuco would wait 22 and 33 years, respectively, to reach the international standard. Within 6 to 7 years, children under five would show a height deficit of 2.3%, which is the occurrence verified in the WHO standard, thus correcting the historical growth retardation in this population group in Pernambuco.

  17. Comunidade de aves da Reserva Estadual de Gurjaú, Pernambuco, Brasil Bird communities of the Gurjaú Reserve, Pernambuco State, Brazil

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    Rachel Maria de Lyra-Neves

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available Estudos quali-quantitativos foram realizados em um fragmento florestal da Reserva Estadual de Gurjaú, Cabo de Santo Agostinho, Pernambuco, Brasil. Foram registradas 220 espécies de aves no levantamento qualitativo. Através da contagem por pontos, foram identificadas 175 espécies em 6.470 contatos (270 amostras. A freqüência de ocorrência de 75% foi registrada para 43 espécies (19,6%; para a maioria das espécies a freqüência de ocorrência esteve abaixo de 25%.A qualitative and quantitative bird surveys were carried out in a forest fragment in Gurjau Reserve, Santo Agostinho Cape, Pernambuco State, Brazil. By qualitative census were registered 220 different bird species. Concerning the point counts, were identified 175 different species in 6.470 contacts (270 samples. A frequency of occurrence of 75% was registered for 43 species (19,6%; the most part of species had a frequency of occurrence below 25%.

  18. Demandas por qualificação profissional: Recife, segunda metade do século XIX

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    Ramon de Oliveira

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Se han analizado las demandas por cualificación profesional de jefes y empleados de Recife, durante la segunda mitad del siglo XIX. Se ha buscado documentación concerniente a periódicos de la ciudad en la época, documentos de asociaciones patronales en la ciudad, publicaciones de organizaciones de trabajadores y documentos del gobierno. Se ha concluido que la urbanización de Recife no implicó nuevas exigencias de profesionales, aunque existiera un discurso gubernamental que defendía espacios destinados a la instrucción profesional. La inexistencia de acciones de trabajadores y del patronato volcadas a la cualificación profesional se puede explicar en base a la incipiente industrialización. Se ha constatado que los criterios definidos para los contractos no se relacionaban directamente con la actividad que se desarrollaría. Las exigencias de los directivos se referían al sexo, al color, a la edad y a la conducta moral, sugiriendo que, si había una demanda respecto al saber hacer, no había criterios específicos relativos a la profesión solicitada.

  19. Multidrug resistance genes, including bla(KPC) and bla(CTX)-M-2, among Klebsiella pneumoniae isolated in Recife, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cabral, Adriane Borges; Melo, Rita de Cássia de Andrade; Maciel, Maria Amélia Vieira; Lopes, Ana Catarina Souza

    2012-10-01

    The prevalence of cephalosporins and carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae strains is rising in Brazil, with potential serious consequences in terms of patients' outcomes and general care. This study characterized 24 clinical isolates of K. pneumoniae from two hospitals in Recife, Brazil, through the antimicrobial susceptibility profile, analyses of β-lactamase genes (bla(TEM), bla(SHV),bla(CTX-M), bla(KPC), bla(VIM), bla(IMP), and bla(SPM), plasmidial profile and ERIC-PCR (Enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus-polymerase chain reaction). ERIC-PCR and plasmidial analysis grouped the isolates in 17 and 19 patterns, respectively. Six isolates from one hospital presented the same pattern by ERIC-PCR, indicating clonal dissemination. All isolates presented bla(SHV), 62.5% presented bla(CTX)-M-2, 29% bla(TEM), and 41.7% bla(KPC). Metallo-β-lactamase genes bla(VIM), bla(IMP), and bla(SPM) not detected. Eleven isolates were identified carrying at least 3 β-lactamase studied genes, and 2 isolates carried bla(SHV), bla(TEM), bla (CTX-M-2) and bla(KPC) simultaneously. The accumulation of resistance genes in some strains, observed in this study, imposes limitations in the therapeutic options available for the treatment of infections caused by K. pneumoniae in Recife, Brazil. These results should alert the Brazilian medical authorities to establish rigorous methods for more efficiently control the dissemination of antimicrobial resistance genes in the hospital environment.

  20. Isolamento microbiológico do canal auditivo de cães saudáveis e com otite externa na região metropolitana de Recife, Pernambuco

    OpenAIRE

    Maína de S. Almeida; Sandra B. Santos; André da R. Mota; Luana T.R. da Silva; Leonildo B.G. Silva; Rinaldo A. Mota

    2016-01-01

    Resumo: Otite externa (OE) é o termo utilizado para definir a inflamação do conduto auditivo externo; esta doença possui diversas etiologias, ocorre em várias espécies e é particularmente frequente em cães. Os microrganismos da microbiota residente comumente estão envolvidos na etiopatogenia da OE, sendo apontados como agentes perpetuadores da doença. O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar o perfil microbiológico de cães com conduto auditivo saudável e com otite na região metropolitana do Rec...

  1. Edificações em alvenaria resistente na região metropolitana do Recife

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    Romilde Almeida Oliveira

    Full Text Available Resumo O trabalho apresenta reflexões acerca das edificações em alvenaria resistente no Estado de Pernambuco. São abordados temas relativos às principais características dessa técnica construtiva bem como as peculiaridades que influenciam diretamente seu desempenho estrutural. Aspectos relacionados aos desabamentos que ocorreram nos últimos anos são igualmente abordados, acompanhados da indicação da causa da ruptura e do ano em que ocorreram. O artigo contempla, adicionalmente, uma extensa caracterização dos materiais e componentes utilizados em construções em alvenaria resistente na região, constituindo-se numa das mais abrangentes investigações sobre essa temática desenvolvida no país. Foi analisado experimentalmente o comportamento compressivo de blocos, prismas e miniparedes confeccionados com esses materiais que integram um sistema de vedação que tem sido utilizado com função estrutural frequentemente na região. Os resultados obtidos permitem identificar a contribuição das camadas de argamassa de revestimento na capacidade de carga dos elementos ensaiados. Diversos fatores que interferem nessa contribuição foram igualmente estudados. Ao final, expõe-se uma súmula dos resultados de todos os ensaios realizados que esclarecem de maneira detalhada as formas de ruptura observadas que se mostraram marcadamente frágeis, a exemplo do que ocorreu na maior parte dos acidentes com esse tipo de edificação na região.

  2. Glacial recharge, salinisation and anthropogenic contamination in the coastal aquifers of Recife (Brazil)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chatton, E.; Aquilina, L.; Pételet-Giraud, E.; Cary, L.; Bertrand, G.; Labasque, T.

    2016-01-01

    Implying large residence times and complex water origins deep coastal aquifers are of particular interest as they are remarkable markers of climate, water use and land use changes. Over the last decades, the Metropolitan Region of Recife (Brazil) went through extensive environmental changes increasing the pressure on water resources and giving rise to numerous environmental consequences on the coastal groundwater systems. We analysed the groundwater of the deep aquifers Cabo and Beberibe that are increasingly exploited. The processes potentially affecting groundwater residence times and flow paths have been studied using a multi-tracer approach (CFCs, SF6, noble gases, 14C, 2H and 18O). The main findings of these investigations show that: (1) Groundwaters of the Cabo and Beberibe aquifers have long residence times and were recharged about 20,000 years ago. (2) Within these old groundwaters we can find palaeo-climate evidences from the last glacial period at the tropics with lower temperatures and dryer conditions than the present climate. (3) Recently, the natural slow dynamic of these groundwater systems was significantly affected by mixing processes with contaminated modern groundwater coming from the shallow unconfined Boa Viagem aquifer. (4) The large exploitation of these aquifers leads to a modification of the flow directions and causes the intrusion through palaeo-channels of saline water probably coming from the Capibaribe River and from the last transgression episodes. These observations indicate that the current exploitation of the Cabo and Beberibe aquifers is unsustainable regarding the long renewal times of these groundwater systems as well as their ongoing contamination and salinisation. The groundwater cycle being much slower than the human development rhythm, it is essential to integrate the magnitude and rapidity of anthropogenic impacts on this extremely slow cycle to the water management concepts. - Highlights: • Study of anthropogenic impacts

  3. Transplante de fígado em hospital universitário do Recife: resultados iniciais

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    Cláudio Moura Lacerda

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Apresentar a experiência e enfatizar o aprendizado obtido em um programa incipiente de transplante hepático desenvolvido em Hospital Universitário de Recife-PE. MÉTODO: Foram estudados os primeiros 20 pacientes submetidos a transplante ortotópico de fígado, de maneira simplificada, no período de agosto de 1999 a março de 2002. Foram analisadas as indicações, a reserva funcional hepática pré-operatória, o volume de sangue transfundido, o tempo de isquemia, o tempo de permanência em UTI, a morbidade e a mortalidade. A cirrose por vírus C foi a indicação de transplante em 9 pacientes (45%, seguida de cirrose alcoólica em 7 (35%. Quarenta e cinco por cento dos pacientes foram classificados como CHILD-PUGH A, 35% como B, e apenas 20% como C. RESULTADOS: O tempo de isquemia médio foi de 9h 09' (+ 2h 33'. Foram utilizadas em média 2,88 (+ 2,11 unidades de hemácias. A técnica empregada foi a convencional sem bypass em 90% dos casos e piggyback nos restantes. No pós-operatório, houve um caso de trombose de artéria hepática e outro de veia porta. Oito pacientes apresentaram complicações biliares, todas resolvidas por via endoscópica ou percutânea. A sobrevida global é de 100%, no período de seguimento de 2 a 32 meses. CONCLUSÃO: Conclui-se que é possível realizar transplantes de fígado, com bons resultados, em hospital universitário do Nordeste do Brasil, desde que se reúnam as mínimas condições de estrutura física e recursos humanos.

  4. Uranium, radon-222 and polonium-210 in drinking waters from metropolitan area of Recife, PE, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Silva, Cleomacio Miguel da

    2000-04-01

    There is only scarce information on the presence of radionuclides in water for public consumption in Brazil. A recently issued federal regulation requires that waters from public supplies be screened to determine their content of alpha and beta emitters. In order to comply with this requirement the present work was carried out with the purpose of determining the concentration of natural uranium, 222 Rn and 210 Po in water supplies in the metropolitan region of Recife, Brazil. The analyses were performed in 17 points of supply of superficial water and 94 points of groundwater supply. The concentrations of uranium were determined by the fluorimetric method, whereas the liquid scintillation method was used to determine the concentration of 222 Rn. Polonium-210, on the other hand, was determined by alpha spectrometry, following its spontaneous deposition on copper disks. The water analyzer presented uranium concentrations varying from 35.3 to 1146.5 mBq/L for superficial resources and from 20.2 to 919.15 mBq/L for underground sources. The concentration of uranium in superficial water showed significant correlation with some parameters such as conductivity, alkalinity and total hardness, as well as, with the concentrations of Ca, Mg, Cl, K, SO 4 and Mn. No correlation, however, was shown with the concentrations of Fe, NO 2 and NO 3 . The concentrations of 222 Rn varied from 5.3 to 83.7 Bq/L in the groundwater analyzer. Radon concentration was not measured in superficial water due to the high emanation rate of radon in open air conditions. As far as 210 Po is concerned, the analyses showed concentrations ranging from 210 Po did not show and correlation with physico-chemical parameters. The average concentrations of uranium and 210 Po in superficial water were of 44.7 mBq/L, respectively. These values correspond to effective doses of 5.8 x 10 -4 mSv/yr and 4.5 x 10 -2 mSv/yr, for uranium and 210 Po, respectively. The average values for the concentrations of uranium, 222

  5. Image quality and volume computed tomography air kerma index (Cvol) evaluation in Recife

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Andrade, Marcos Ely Almeida

    2008-01-01

    The Computed Tomography (CT) is an important diagnostic imaging method, widely used. However, in spite of all the advantages and technologic advances within the CT scanners, the tomographic procedures result in high absorbed doses to patients. The main objective of this work was to perform a dosimetric study of CT scanners located at Recife and to evaluate the image quality on CT examinations in these equipment. The volume CT air kerma index (C VOL ) and air kerma length product (P KL,CT ) were estimated. These values were calculated using normalized weighted air kerma indexes in CT standard dosimetry phantoms ( n C W ), supplied by ImPACT group for several CT scanners, and the scan parameters of routine head, routine chest and hi-resolution chest CT exams performed at 20 institutions. The irradiation parameters of 15 adult patients for each CT procedure were registered at six participating centres, at which the phantom from the American College of Radiology (ACR) CT accreditation protocol was used for the image quality measurements. For routine head exams, the C VOL values varied between 12 and 58 mGy (at the posterior fossa) and 15 to 58 mGy (at the cerebrum) and the P KL,CT , from 150 to 750 mGy·cm. The C VOL values for routine chest procedures varied from 3 to 26 mGy and the P KL,CT , between 120 and 460 mGy·cm. In relation to Hi-resolution chest exams, C VOL values were from 1.0 to 2.7 mGy and the P KL,CT values varied between 24 and 67 mGy·cm. The image quality evaluations results showed that almost all scanners presented at least one inadequacy. One of the equipment presented faults at 70% of the tests. With regard to the image noise, only two scanners presented acceptable results. From these results, it is possible to conclude that the volume CT air kerma index values are lower than the European reference levels. However, the image quality of these CT scanners does not attend the ACR requirements, suggesting the need to implement quality assurance

  6. Características epidemiológicas dos óbitos maternos ocorridos em Recife, PE, Brasil (2000-2006 Caracteristicas epidemiológicas de las muertes maternas ocurridas en Recife, PE, Brasil (2000-2006 Epidemiological features of maternal deaths occurred in Recife, PE, Brazil (2000-2006

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    Rafaella Araújo Correia

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Estudo de corte transversal que objetivou descrever as características epidemiológicas dos óbitos maternos de residentes no Recife, PE, Brasil, ocorridos entre 2000 e 2006. A fonte de dados foi constituída pelas fichas de investigação de óbito materno da Secretaria de Saúde do Recife. Para a análise dos dados, utilizou-se o programa EpiInfo 6.04d. Foram estudados 111 óbitos, correspondendo a uma Razão de Morte Materna de 65,99/100.000 nascidos vivos. Os dados obstétricos mostraram a realização de menos de seis consultas pré-natais, entre uma e quatro gestações prévias, parto cesário e admissão em estado grave. Os transtornos hipertensivos constituíram a principal causa de óbito. A maioria dos óbitos foi considerada evitável. Os resultados indicam a necessidade de aprimorar a assistência à saúde da gestante durante o pré-natal, parto e puerpérioEstudio de corte transversal cuyo objetivo ha sido describir las características epidemiológicas de los óbitos maternos de residentes en la ciudad de Recife, PE, Brasil ocurridos entre los años 2000 y 2006. La fuente de datos la constituyeron las fichas de investigación de óbito materna de la Secretaría de Salud de Recife. Para el análisis de los datos se ha hecho uso del programa EpiInfo 6.04d. Han sido investigados 111 óbitos, lo que corresponde a una Razón de Muerte Materna de 65,99/100.000 nacidos vivos. Los datos obstétricos han demostrado la realización de menos de seis consultas prenatales, entre una y cuatro gestaciones previas, parto cesáreo, ingreso en estado grave, con demanda de asistencia bajo terapia. Los trastornos hipertensivos constituyeron la principal causa del óbito. En su mayor parte, los óbitos han sido considerados evitables. Los resultados señalan la necesidad de aprimorar la asistencia a la salud de la gestante en el período prenatal, el parto y el puerperioThis was a cross-sectional study that aimed to describe the epidemiological

  7. A qualidade como diferencial competitivo: uma proposta para a industria de embalagens plásticas de alimentos do Recife

    OpenAIRE

    SARREA JUNIOR, Euler

    2007-01-01

    Esse trabalho mostra a evolução e o crescimento de uma empresa de embalagens plásticas para alimentos de Pernambuco e os problemas para atingir suas metas de qualidade e de produtividade nesse período de vida (10 anos). Fazendo a retrospectiva da empresa verificou-se que, se por um lado a organização investiu em instalações e equipamentos modernos, a mesma preocupação não foi observada com a mão-de-obra. Na análise dos indicadores, foram utilizadas ferramentas da qualidade como Brainstorming ...

  8. Bancroftian filariasis in two urban areas of Recife, Brasil: the role of individual risk factors Filariose bancroftiana em duas áreas urbanas do Recife, Brasil: o papel dos fatores de risco individuais

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    M. de Fátima Militão de Albuquerque

    1995-06-01

    Full Text Available Bancroftian filariasis is spreading in towns of endemic areas as in Recife, northeastern Brazil, where it is a major public health problem. This paper deals with the prevalence of microfilaraemia and filarial disease in two urban areas of Recife, studying their association with individual characteristics and variables related to the exposure to the vectors. The parasitologic survey was performed through a "door-to-door" census and microfilaraemia was examined by the thick-drop technique using 45µl of peripheral blood collected between 20:00 and 24:00 o' clock. 2,863 individuals aged between 5 and 65 years were interviewed and submitted to clinical examination. Males aged between 15 and 44 years old presented the greatest risk of being microfilaraemic. Microfilaraemia was also significantly associated with no use of bednet to sleep. The risk of being microfilaraemic was greater among those who had lived in the studied areas for more than 5 years. The overall disease prevalence was 6.3%. Males presented the greatest risk of developing acute disease. The risk of developing chronic manifestations was also greater among males and increased with age. We found no association between time of residence, bednet use, microfilaraemia and acute and chronic disease. We may conclude that in endemic areas there are subgroups of individuals who has a higher risk of being microfilariae carriers due to different behaviours in relation to vector contact.A Filariose bancroftiana está se disseminando em áreas urbanas de regiões endêmicas como no Recife, nordeste do Brasil, onde se constitui em um problema de saúde pública. Este artigo descreve a prevalência de microfilaremia e doença filarial em duas áreas urbanas do Recife, estudando sua associação com características individuais e variáveis relacionadas ao contacto com vetores. O inquérito parasitológico foi realizado através de um censo "porta-a-porta" e a pesquisa de microfilárias foi efetuada

  9. Prevalência de sobrepeso e obesidade em crianças e adolescentes de uma escola da rede privada de Recife Overweight and obesity prevalence in children and adolescents from a private school in Recife

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geni Balaban

    2001-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: determinar a prevalência de sobrepeso e obesidade em estudantes de uma escola da rede privada de Recife, comparar as prevalências de sobrepeso e obesidade entre os sexos e entre os grupos etários (crianças e adolescentes e verificar a correlação entre Índice de Massa Corporal e espessura da prega triciptal, nessa população. MÉTODOS: realizou-se um estudo de corte transversal com 762 estudantes (332 crianças e 430 adolescentes de uma escola de classe média/alta de Recife, no ano de 1999. Sobrepeso foi definido como Índice de Massa Corporal igual ou superior ao percentil 85 para idade e sexo. Obesidade foi definida como Índice de Massa Corporal e espessura da prega triciptal iguais ou superiores ao percentil 85. RESULTADOS: as prevalências de sobrepeso e obesidade foram de 26,2% (IC95% = 23 a 29% e 8,5% (IC95% = 6,5 a 10,5%, respectivamente. O sobrepeso mostrou-se mais prevalente nas crianças (34,3% do que nos adolescentes (20,0% (p OBJECTIVES: to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity in students from a private school in Recife; compare the prevalence rates of overweight and obesity in boys and girls and in different age groups (children and adolescents and verify the correlation between body mass index and triceps skinfold thickness in this population. METHODS: cross-sectional study with 762 students (332 children and 430 adolescents from a middle/upper class school in Recife, in 1999. Overweight was defined as body mass index equal or above the 85th percentile for age and gender. Obesity was defined as body mass index and triceps skinfold thickness equal or above the 85th percentile. RESULTS: the prevalence rates were 26.2% (95%CI = 23 to 29% for overweight, and 8.5% (CI95% = 6.5 to 10.5% for obesity. Overweight was more prevalent among children (34.3% than among adolescents (20.0% (P < 0.001. Obesity was more frequent among children (14.2% than among adolescents (4.2% (P < 0.001. The prevalence of

  10. Acessibilidade organizacional de crianças com paralisia cerebral à reabilitação motora na cidade do Recife Organizational access to motor rehabilitation for children with cerebral paralysis in the city of Recife

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    Aleide Karine Vieira Tôrres

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: caracterizar acessibilidade organizacional de crianças com paralisia cerebral aos serviços de reabilitação motora. MÉTODOS: estudo descritivo, retrospectivo, censitário, efetuado de janeiro a junho/2009, em três serviços de reabilitação do Recife. Participaram 38 menores de cinco anos, portadores do agravo, residentes no Recife. Utilizou-se questionário para obter informações de acompanhantes e prontuários das crianças. As variáveis foram descritas segundo serviço atual, primeiro serviço utilizado e número de serviços utilizados. RESULTADOS: entre os acompanhantes, 94,7% eram responsáveis pela criança (76,3% mãe e 68,4% das crianças tinham entre 25-59 meses de idade. Metade usou mais de um serviço, ocorrendo utilização simultânea em 26,3%. Para 28,2% reabilitação iniciou-se mais de seis meses após diagnóstico. As crianças foram encaminhadas por médico (75,8% e 86,4% tiveram um tempo máximo de espera para primeira consulta com fisioterapeuta de 30 dias. As responsáveis encontraram dificuldade para agendar primeira consulta (68,4%. Uma maior dificuldade para continuar fisioterapia foi identificada entre aqueles que usaram de dois e mais serviços. CONCLUSÕES: constatou-se demanda reprimida. Utilização de mais de um serviço e superposição de serviços sugeriram insatisfação com atenção. Os processos políticos e organizacionais voltados à estruturação do sistema de referência/contrarreferência necessitam priorização.OBJECTIVES: to characterize organizational access to motor rehabilitation services for children with cerebral paralysis. METHODS: a descriptive, retrospective, censusbased study, carried out between January and June 2009, at three rehabilitation services in Recife. The study covered 38 children aged less than five years, with the disorder, residing in Recife. A questionnaire was used to obtain information from the individual accompanying the child and the child's medical

  11. O bonde do desejo: o movimento feminista no Recife e o debate em torno do sexismo (1927-1931 The streetcar of desire: the feminist movement in Recife and the debate about sexism in republican politics (1927-1931

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alcileide Cabral do Nascimento

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo investiga como o Movimento Feminista em Recife problematizou o silêncio e a negação dos direitos políticos às mulheres na Primeira República. Estrategicamente, as feministas tiveram como foco a conquista dos direitos políticos, como possibilidade de alcançar a igualdade civil e os direitos sociais. A intensa utilização da imprensa, do rádio e a criação de jornais e revistas pelas feministas falam de práticas de liberdade e de jogos de poder que buscam redefinir as relações de gênero nos marcos do regime republicano e democrático. Se o Movimento não combateu a naturalização da diferença entre os sexos, questionou seus pressupostos e desnudou a profunda e entranhada concepção de inferioridade das mulheres diante dos homens. As feministas pegaram o moderno bonde e fizeram os percursos do desejo.This article investigates how the Feminist Movement in Recife problematized the silence and denial of political rights to women in the First Republic. Strategically, feminists have focused on the conquest of political rights, as the possibility of achieving equal civil and social rights. The intense use of the press, radio and the creation of newspapers and magazines tell about feminist practices of freedom and power games, which seek to redefine the relationship of gender within the framework of a democratic and republican regime. If the movement did not fight against the naturalization of the difference between genders, it questioned its assumptions and laid bare the deep and ingrained concept of women's inferiority before men. The feminists took the modern streetcar and made the paths of desire.

  12. Estimativa do potencial de sedimentação e erosão: caso Manguezal do Pina, Recife (PE Estimating the potential for sedimentation and erosion: the case of Manguezal do Pina, Recife (PE, Brazil

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    Alex Maurício Araújo

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available O processo de desenvolvimento da sociedade moderna tem resultado em um aumento das pressões antrópicas nas áreas de manguezais. Este artigo concentra-se nos aspectos dos padrões dos fluxos d'água e na identificação de seus efeitos mecânicos nos sedimentos em áreas de manguezais. A metodologia experimental desenvolvida consiste no planejamento e execução de um programa de levantamentos hidrodinâmicos, levando-se em conta a variabilidade espaço-temporal inerente a esses ambientes. Os resultados obtidos possibilitam o traçado de cenários quantitativos e qualitativos das principais tendências dos fluxos hidrossedimentológicos, processos físicos fundamentais a serem considerados em qualquer plano de manejo dos recursos naturais dos manguezais. Esse método foi aplicado como estudo de caso ao manguezal do Pina, Recife, PE.The development process of modern society has resulted in an increase of anthropogenic pressures on mangrove areas. This article focuses on aspects of water flow patterns and the identification of their mechanical effects in sediments in mangroves areas. The experimental methodology developed consists in planning and implementing a program of hydrodynamic surveys considering spatial and temporal variability that is inherent in these environments. The results provide a qualitative and quantitative map of the main tendencies of hydrosedimentological flows, which is notably important in any plan for natural resource management of mangroves. This method was applied as a case study of the Pina mangrove in Recife, PE, Brazil.

  13. Evaluation of odontological X ray and conventional radiology, and mammography installed at Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil, during the period of 2005 to 2010; Avaliacao dos equipamentos de raios-X odontologicos e de radiologia convencional e mamografos instalados em Recife no periodo de 2005 a 2010

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Asfora, Viviane Khoury; Andrade, Marcos Ely; Barros, Vinicius Saito de; Khoury, Helen J.; Brasileiro, Izabela V. [Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (DEN/UFPE), Recife, PE (Brazil). Dept. de Energia Nuclear

    2011-10-26

    This paper studied the performance of 48 X ray equipment of odontological clinics, 22 mammography, 104 conventional X ray equipment. Accuracy tests were performed and the reproducibility of exposure time and the applied voltage to the X ray tube, collimation and alignment of the radiation beam, half-thickness and filtration. The obtained results have shown that for the mammography, only 55% of evaluated equipment attended to all requirements of the Portaria 453 of the Ministry of Health and that 46% of the odontological equipment and 53% of X-ray equipment attended to all the requirements of the document. The items presenting more inadequacy were collimation, beam filtration and time of accuracy of exposure ad voltage

  14. Plumagens e mudas de Charadriiformes (Aves no litoral de Pernambuco, Brasil Plumages and molts of Charadriiformes (Aves on the coast of Pernambuco State, Brasil

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    Severino Mendes de Azevedo Júnior

    2001-09-01

    Full Text Available The individuais of Charadriifonnes present plumages of either young, or adults; adults in turn, present plumages of either reproduction, ar intermediate. Aiming to monitor plumages and molts, and associating them to migrations, specimens were collected on the coast of Pernambuco State, in the Coroa do Avião, Santa Cruz channel (7º40'S e 34º 50'W. Plumages of young, non-breeding adults, intermediate adults, and breeding adults were recorded amongst the specimens captured. The molt cicle of primary remiges indicates that individuals initiating molts in June and July will not return to their areas of reproduction, and that the ones who start from August to October, ending till February, will migrate in the same year to their breeding grounds. Retrix molts showed variations. Regarding adults of Calidris pusilla (Linnaeus, 1766 the cicle ended till March.

  15. Ecoepidemiologia da esquistossomose urbana na ilha de Itamaracá, Estado de Pernambuco Ecoepidemiology of urban schistosomiasis in Itamaracá Island, Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Constança Simões Barbosa

    2000-08-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: Em 1988, 22 casos autóctones de esquistossomose foram registrados na Praia do Forte Orange, ilha de Itamaracá, Pernambuco. Todos os casos ocorreram em indivíduos de classe média/alta que veraneavam na ilha. Foi realizado estudo com o objetivo de identificar e caracterizar criadouros/focos de vetores da esquistossomose na localidade, correlacionando os determinantes biológicos da doença com o contexto ambiental da sua ocorrência. MÉTODOS: Foram levantados dados secundários para resgatar as características ambientais da área antes da ocupação humana. O inquérito malacológico teve a duração de um ano com mapeamento da área, coleta mensal e exame dos moluscos. RESULTADOS/CONCLUSÕES: Em 1 km de extensão da praia, foram identificados 20 criadouros e demarcadas 28 estações de coleta. Os resultados mostram a variação mensal da densidade populacional de moluscos e das taxas de infecção, correlacionados com sazonalidade e tipos de criadouros. Destaca-se a importância desse novo perfil epidemiológico da esquistossomose em Pernambuco, relacionando o modo de ocupação daquele espaço com o estabelecimento de sítios de transmissão ativa da esquistossomose.INTRODUCTION: In 1988, 22 autochthonous cases from accidental exposure were registered in Forte Orange beach, Itamaracá Island, Pernambuco, Brazil. All cases occurred in middle-to-upper class individuals who were vacationing in the island. After the cases were identified, the major objective was to find breading sites of schistosomiasis vectors and correlate the biological factors with the environmental conditions. METHODS: The environmental characteristics of the beach before human occupation were obtained from several documents. Also, a one-year malacological survey was conducted with monthly collection of mollusks, and the determination of their infectivity rates. RESULTS/CONCLUSIONS: The malacological survey was able to identify 20 breading sites of

  16. [Prevalence of abdominal obesity and associated factors among individuals 25 to 59 years of age in Pernambuco State, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinho, Claudia Porto Sabino; Diniz, Alcides da Silva; Arruda, Ilma Kruze Grande de; Batista Filho, Malaquias; Coelho, Poliana Cabral; Sequeira, Leopoldina Augusta de Souza; Lira, Pedro Israel Cabral de

    2013-02-01

    In order to estimate the prevalence of abdominal obesity and associated factors in Pernambuco State, Brazil, a cross-sectional population-based study was conducted in 2006, including 1,580 adults 25 to 59 years of age. Abdominal obesity was defined as waist circumference (WC) ≥ 80 cm in women and ≥ 94 cm in men. The conceptual model included demographic, socioeconomic, reproductive, and behavioral variables. Prevalence of abdominal obesity was 27.1% (95%CI: 23.8-30.7) in males and 69.9% (95%CI: 66.8-72.8) in females (p Pernambuco, and the determinants of obesity differ between the sexes.

  17. Regulação assistencial no recife: possibilidades e limites na promoção do acesso Assistance Regulatory in Recife: possibilities and limits in promoting access

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    Maria do Socorro Veloso de Albuquerque

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available A pesquisa analisou o desenvolvimento da regulação assistencial na perspectiva do acesso equânime e integral na Gestão Municipal de Saúde do Recife entre 2001 e 2008. Trata-se de um estudo de caso que teve como sujeitos os gestores e os gerentes da Secretaria de Saúde do Recife. Utilizou-se a análise de conteúdo, na tipologia temática, a partir dos conceitos de triângulo de governo, acessibilidade e rede. Verificou-se que, embora o município tenha implantado arranjos organizacionais de regulação, não incorporou os serviços especializados próprios nem analisou a capacidade potencial desses serviços. A Central de Regulação de Consultas e Exames Especializados absorveu apenas 9,5% dos procedimentos de média complexidade sob gestão municipal. Outrossim, pouco investiu na ampliação da resolubilidade da atenção básica, mantendo uma possível demanda artificial por serviços especializados. A perspectiva de maior acessibilidade organizacional, pela regulação assistencial, restringiu-se à "adequação" da demanda à oferta da rede complementar SUS/Recife. Essa oferta, por vezes, foi determinada pelos interesses do próprio setor privado, e a regulação implementada pela gestão municipal teve reduzido poder de definição. A atuação centralizadora da gestão estadual de saúde dificultou a conformação de um complexo regulador compartilhado entre esferas de gestão. Conclui-se que a regulação assistencial, na esfera dos municípios, dificilmente promoverá acesso equânime e integral enquanto atuar somente sobre uma parcela dos serviços sob gestão municipal, intervir sem a formação de redes de atenção regionais, sem pactos efetivos entre entes públicos pela continuidade do cuidado e agir sem subordinar os interesses privados às necessidades assistenciais da população.The research analyzed the evolution of a service of regulation of care at the Municipal Health Management in Recife, between 2001 to 2008, from

  18. Students' knowledge on the African giant mollusk Achatina fulica in a public school in the Recife metropolitan region

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    Marcos Souto Alves

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available The African giant mollusk Achatina fulica Bowdich, 1822 was introduced into Brazil in 1988 as a substitute for the European escargot Helix sp. This action did not induce the expected results and the gastropod has become an invasive species according to records in 23 Brazilian states. The presence of A. fulica has been reported to many towns in the state of Pernambuco. This work was carried out in order to evaluate, from an ethnoscientific approach, student knowledge about this giant African mollusk in a public school of Cabo de Santo Agostinho (Pernambuco. The Collective Subject Discourse (CSD technique was applied to the data obtained. The pupils' discourse revealed the existence of previous knowledge about A. fulica, especially on the following issues: disease transmission, taxonomy, environmental impacts brought about by the introduction of exotic species, and the process of ingress and growth of the mollusk in the human body. The authors emphasize the need of considering students' previous knowledge in order to plan and implement educational strategies related to wildlife conservation and exotic species management.

  19. Risk analysis for occurrences of schistosomiasis in the coastal area of Porto de Galinhas, Pernambuco, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomes, Elainne Christine de Souza; Leal-Neto, Onicio Batista; de Oliveira, Fernando José Moreira; Campos, Julyana Viegas; Souza-Santos, Reinaldo; Barbosa, Constança Simões

    2014-02-23

    Manson's schistosomiasis continues to be a severe public health problem in Brazil, where thousands of people live under the risk of contracting this parasitosis. In the Northeast of Brazil, schistosomiasis has expanded from rural areas to the coast of Pernambuco State, where the intermediate host is Biomphalaria glabrata snails. This study aims at presenting situational analyses on schistosomiasis at the coastal locality of Porto de Galinhas, Pernambuco, Brazil, by determining the risk factors relating to its occurrence from the epidemiological and spatial perspectives. In order to gather prevalence data, a parasitological census surveys were conducted in 2010 in the light of the Kato-Katz technique. Furthermore, malacological surveys were also conducted in the same years so as to define the density and infection rates of the intermediate host. Lastly, socioeconomic-behavioral survey was also conducted to determine the odds ratio for infection by Schistosoma mansoni. Based on these data, spatial analyses were done, resulting in maps of the risk of disease transmission. To predict the risk of schistosomiasis occurrence, a multivariate logistic regression was performed using R 2.13 software. Based on prevalence, malacological and socioeconomic-behavioural surveys, it was identified a prevalence of 15.7% in the investigated population (2,757 individuals). Due to the malacological survey, 36 breeding sites were identified, of which 11 were classified as foci of schistosomiasis transmission since they pointed out snails which were infected by Schistosoma mansoni. Overall, 11,012 snails (Biomphalaria glabrata) were collected. The multivariate regression model identified six explanatory variables of environmental, socioeconomic and demographic nature. Spatial sweep analysis by means of the Bernoulli method identified one statistically significant cluster in Salinas (RR = 2.2; p-value Pernambuco state. The risk factors which were identified in the predictive model

  20. Perception and environmental education about mangrove ecosystem improving sciences and biology subjects in public school at Recife, PE

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    Lauro Lopes Rodrigues

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This work was developed with the aim to identify the perceptions of the students from a school about the mangrove ecosystem, using didactic and natural elements available to do an environmental education action. The previous perception of the students on the ecosystem was evaluated by means of a questionnaire, followed of a theoretical exposition, complemented with a visit to a conserved mangrove (Paripe River, Itamaracá and another impacted (Jiquiá River, Recife, near to the school, being applied new questionnaires to evaluate their conceptions and the academic strategies. The students demonstrated a relative previous knowledge on the mangrove and the educative action showed effectiveness in the transference of the ecological concepts about the ecosystem, using the method of incorporate their daily knowledge to stimulate them to know the scientific side of the subject, ending with the development of ecologic conscience.

  1. Prevalência de maus-tratos em crianças e adolescentes, ocorridos na cidade do Recife

    OpenAIRE

    Fernandes Maranhão, Valéria

    2005-01-01

    O objetivo da presente pesquisa foi determinar a prevalência de maus-tratos ocorridos em crianças e adolescentes na cidade do Recife, notificados no Hospital da Restauração, no período de janeiro de 2003 a dezembro de 2004. Uma amostra de 965 prontuários foi avaliada para determinar dados sócio-demográficos da vítima, além de tipo de abuso, local da lesão, e a necessidade de internamento. Os dados coletados referentes ao agressor foram: idade, sexo, grau de parentesco com a vítima e se o agre...

  2. Qualidade de vida em adolescentes com necessidades especiais em um município de Pernambuco

    OpenAIRE

    Christielle Lidianne Alencar Marinho; Sandra Conceição Maria Vieira

    2015-01-01

    Objetivo: Avaliar a qualidade de vida (QV) e a associação desta com variáveis demográficas de adolescentes com necessidades especiais (física, visual e auditiva). Métodos: Tratou-se de um estudo descritivo, de corte transversal, com 72 adolescentes entre 10 e 19 anos, em instituições de ensino público estadual de Petrolina no estado de Pernambuco, Brasil, no período de agosto a outubro de 2012. Para avaliação da QV, foi utilizado o questionário World Health Organization Quality of Life, versã...

  3. As representações sociais de Pernambuco no Jornal Nacional

    OpenAIRE

    Martins, Renata Echeverría

    2012-01-01

    Este trabalho tem como objetivo central sugerir uma categorização das notícias sobre Pernambuco exibidas no Jornal Nacional, da Rede Globo. Nossa preocupação é buscar entender como é construída a imagem do Estado no noticiário televisivo de maior audiência do País. Para isso, recorremos a Teoria das Representações Sociais, de Serge Moscovici, mais especificamente nos conceitos de ancoragem e objetivação, bem como a Teoria do Jornalismo, para entender como são produzidas e selec...

  4. Long-term correlations in hourly wind speed records in Pernambuco, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Oliveira Santos, Maíra; Stosic, Tatijana; Stosic, Borko D.

    2012-02-01

    We study the statistical properties of hourly wind speed time series detected at four weather stations in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil, in the period 2008-2009. We find that the average and maximum hourly wind speeds deviate from a mutual linear relationship, and that they may be well explained individually by a Weibull distribution, however, with different shape parameter values. On the other hand, the long-term correlations of both of these observables obey the same power-law behavior, with two distinct scaling regimes. Our results agree with previous studies on wind speed series correlations in other regions of the world, which is suggestive of universal behavior.

  5. First report of schistosomiasis on Serrambi beach, Ipojuca, State of Pernambuco.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbosa, Verônica Santos; Guimarães, Ricardo José de Paula Souza E; Loyo, Rodrigo Moraes; Marcelino, Silas; Barbosa, Constança Simões

    2015-01-01

    The expansion of schistosomiasis to previously unaffected areas is being monitored by identifying new cases and georeferencing outbreaks of vector snails. In 2014, the Laboratório de Esquistossomose began an epidemiological survey in Serrambi and registered 2,574 people living there. Of these subjects, 1,414 (54.9%) underwent feces examination and 63 (4.5%) were diagnosed with Schistosoma mansoni infection. At this locality, seven breeding sites each were identified for Biomphalaria straminea and Biomphalaria glabrata. At two sites, B. glabrata were shedding cercariae. Implementing preventive measures is necessary to avoid the establishment of schistosomiasis in yet another tourist locality, Pernambuco.

  6. Mesozooplankton of the estuarine system of Barra das Jangadas, Pernambuco, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Cavalcanti, Eliane A. H.; Neumann-Leitão, Sigrid; Vieira, Dilma A. do N.

    2008-01-01

    Estudos sobre o mesozooplâncton foram realizados no sistema estuarino de Barra das Jangadas, Pernambuco, Brasil (8º14'36"S, 34º56'28"W) visando analisar a estrutura da comunidade. As amostras foram obtidas com rede de plâncton, com malha de 300 µm, durante os períodos, seco (janeiro/2001) e chuvoso (julho/2001), nas marés de sizígia e de quadratura, em intervalos de três horas. Foram identificados 37 taxa, destacando-se Copepoda com as espécies Pseudodiaptomus acutus (F. Dahl, 1894), Pseudodi...

  7. Gerenciamento de resíduos industriais em Pernambuco : viabilidade técnica e ambiental

    OpenAIRE

    Costa Gadêlha, Marivan

    2005-01-01

    Este trabalho focaliza o tema Gerenciamento de Resíduos Industriais: Viabilidade Técnica e Ambiental, a partir de uma análise crítica da aplicabilidade prática, de toda a legislação ambiental, principalmente a nível federal e estadual, relacionada à coleta seletiva, triagem e destinação final dos resíduos industriais no âmbito do estado de Pernambuco. Para tanto, é considerado e analisado o histórico da evolução das preocupações ambientais da atividade industrial a nível global...

  8. Diversity of gall-inducing insects in the high altitude wetland forests in Pernambuco, Northeastern Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, J C; Almeida-Cortez, J S; Fernandes, G W

    2011-02-01

    We report on the richness of galling insects in the altitudinal wetland forests of Pernambuco State, Northeastern Brazil. We found 80 distinct types of insect galls on 49 species of host plants belonging to 28 families and 35 genera. Most of the galled plant species belong to Nyctaginaceae, Fabaceae, Meliaceae, Sapindaceae and Myrtaceae. The most common gall were spheroid and globoid; most galls were glabrous, predominantly green and with one chamber, and on the leaves. Most galls were induced by Cecidomyiidae (Diptera). The results of this study contribute to existing knowledge richness of galling insects and host-plant diversity in the altitudinal wetland forests of Northeastern Brazil.

  9. A História da enfermagem em Pernambuco: um olhar da ABEn (1968-1972

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    Fatima Maria da Silva Abrão

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo é uma tentativa de contribuir com a história da enfermagem ao levantar questões relevantes, marcos e influências que através da Associação Brasileira de Enfermagem foram vislumbrados na época. Através de depoimento oral e análise de documentos pudemos destacar ampla atuação da associação relacionadas à questões trabalhistas, normatização do exercício profissional, formação profissional, atividades sócio-culturais e educativas da enfermagem em Pernambuco.

  10. Post-rift volcanic structures of the Pernambuco Plateau, northeastern Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buarque, Bruno V.; Barbosa, José A.; Magalhães, José R. G.; Cruz Oliveira, Jefferson T.; Filho, Osvaldo J. Correia

    2016-10-01

    The Pernambuco marginal basin is located on the eastern continental margin of northeastern Brazil, covers an area of 20,800 km2, and represents one of the most prominent frontiers for deep water oil and gas exploration off the Brazilian coast. The onshore region of this basin was highly affected by extrusive and intrusive magmatism during the Upper Albian, and the relation of that event with the volcanic structures observed in the offshore sector has not been thoroughly characterized to date. This study aims to characterize the major extrusive and intrusive volcanic structures of the offshore portion of this basin, which is dominated by the Pernambuco Plateau, and its stratigraphic relations. A set of 143 2D multichannel seismic sections that cover the Pernambuco Plateau region are used to interpret the major tectono-stratigraphic sequences and describe the distribution of volcanoes, sills, vent complexes and related volcaniclastic sequences. The interpretations are supported by aeromagnetic and gravimetric geophysical surveys. Volcanoes are classified into two groups that differ in terms of their morphology: shield-like structures and cone-shaped volcanic structures. Sill intrusions are mainly identified beneath the volcanic structures and are characterized by high-amplitude reflectors with short extensions and abrupt terminations. Volcaniclastic sequences are found adjacent to the volcanoes and are characterized by high-amplitude, disrupted reflections with local chaotic configurations. Vent complexes are classified on the basis of their morphologies as either eye-shaped or crater-shaped. The volcanic features identified within the available seismic dataset are concentrated in two main areas: in the centre of the plateau and near its northeastern border. These two regions are host basement outer highs and are surrounded by hyper-extended continental crust, which forms the plateau itself. The extrusive and intrusive features described in the offshore region were

  11. Herpetofauna em remanescente da Caatinga no Sertão de Pernambuco, Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Edivania do Nascimento Pereira; Maria José Lima Teles; Ednilza Maranhão dos Santos

    2015-01-01

    Esse estudo teve como objetivo inventariar a herpetofauna da Floresta Nacional de Negreiros (FNN), uma Unidade de Conservação (UC) localizada no município de Serrita, semiárido do estado de Pernambuco. O estudo foi realizado entre agosto de 2011 e junho de 2012, com coletas mensais, durando entre cinco a oito dias consecutivos em campo. A amostragem foi realizada por meio de procura visual limitada por tempo (Pvlt), armadilhas de interceptação e queda (Aiq) e entrevistas (t). Um total de 54 e...

  12. Diversity of gall-inducing insects in the high altitude wetland forests in Pernambuco, Northeastern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JC Santos

    Full Text Available We report on the richness of galling insects in the altitudinal wetland forests of Pernambuco State, Northeastern Brazil. We found 80 distinct types of insect galls on 49 species of host plants belonging to 28 families and 35 genera. Most of the galled plant species belong to Nyctaginaceae, Fabaceae, Meliaceae, Sapindaceae and Myrtaceae. The most common gall were spheroid and globoid; most galls were glabrous, predominantly green and with one chamber, and on the leaves. Most galls were induced by Cecidomyiidae (Diptera. The results of this study contribute to existing knowledge richness of galling insects and host-plant diversity in the altitudinal wetland forests of Northeastern Brazil.

  13. Mortalidade infantil evitavel e barreiras de acesso a atencao basica no Recife, Brasil

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    Lygia Carmen de Moraes Vanderlei

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar os fatores que influenciam na mortalidade infantil evitável na perspectiva dos protagonistas envolvidos. MÉTODOS: Estudo qualitativo crítico-construtivista de análise do acesso das crianças à atenção e à mortalidade infantil evitável por ações e serviços no Distrito Sanitário I do Recife, PE, entre fevereiro de 2007 e fevereiro de 2008. Desenhou-se amostra teórica em duas etapas: I instituições prestadoras de serviços de saúde infantil; II informantes: gestores (11; profissionais da Estratégia de Saúde da Família e do Programa de Agentes Comunitários de Saúde (48; profissionais das policlínicas (12, mães (20, com tamanho definido por saturação dos discursos. Foram realizadas entrevistas individuais semiestruturadas e estudo de caso de óbito infantil evitável. Utilizou-se análise temática de conteúdo com geração mista de categorias (emergentes e roteiro. RESULTADOS: Houve posições de conflito entre grupos de atores, refletindo o papel desempenhado na rede assistencial. Os participantes institucionais relacionavam os óbitos infantis à ausência/má divulgação das políticas de saúde infantil e das ações intersetoriais; profissionais e mães destacaram dificuldades de acesso por insuficiência global de recursos, principalmente a falta de médicos na Estratégia de Saúde da Família, deslocando a assistência para enfermeiras. Ausência de médicos, rechaço às doenças agudas, atenção desumanizada e/ou de má qualidade técnica foram os principais fatores relacionados aos óbitos pelas mães. Os participantes da Estratégia de Saúde da Família, do Programa de Agentes Comunitários de Saúde e mães identificaram a condição de exclusão social e negligência materna com os óbitos enquanto o estudo de caso de óbito mostrou sua associação à baixa qualidade da atenção ofertada. CONCLUSÕES: Numerosas barreiras de acesso apontam a insuficiente implantação do Sistema

  14. Detection of multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa harboring bla GES-1 and bla GES-11 in Recife, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valdemir Vicente da Silva Júnior

    Full Text Available Abstract INTRODUCTION: Pseudomonas aeruginosa, an important pathogen globally, presents several resistance mechanisms. This study aimed to investigate the presence of bla GES in clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa obtained from various clinical specimens from patients admitted to three different hospitals in Recife, Brazil. The Guiana extended spectrum beta-lactamase (GES enzymes are responsible for conferring broad spectrum resistance to beta-lactam drugs, including the carbapenems. METHODS: A total of 100 carbapenem-resistant P. aeruginosa isolates underwent polymerase chain reaction (PCR testing to identify bla GES, bla KPC, bla SPM-1, bla IMP, and bla VIM. Additionally, PCR products positive for bla GES were sequenced. The clonal profiles of these same isolates were then determined by means of enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus (ERIC-PCR analysis. RESULTS: PCR analysis revealed that four isolates harbored bla GES; DNA sequencing showed that two harbored bla GES-1 and two bla GES-11. Beta-lactamase genes bla SPM-1, bla IMP, bla VIM, and bla KPC were investigated; none of these genes was detected. Automated susceptibility testing methods (Vitek®2, bioMérieux showed that the bla GES-1-positive isolates were only susceptible to polymyxin B. The patterns obtained with ERIC-PCR methods showed clonal relationship between the two isolates that harbored bla GES-11, whereas different clonal profiles were found in the isolates harboring bla GES-1. CONCLUSIONS: We detected the presence of bacterial isolates positive for two different variants of the enzyme GES in three different hospitals from Recife, Brazil. These enzymes have a great capacity for dissemination among Gram-negative bacteria and confer broad-spectrum resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics and to the carbapenems.

  15. Estudo epidemiológico de pacientes com queimaduras por eletricidade atendidos em unidade de queimados em Recife – PE

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    Ana Claudia Siqueira Torquato

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: verificar a frequência das queimaduras por eletricidade e perfil clínico-epidemiológico de pacientes atendidos na Unidade de Queimados em Recife-PE. Métodos: estudo retrospectivo, transversal e descritivo de pacientes com queimaduras por eletricidade atendidos na Unidade de Queimados do Hospital da Restauração (HR em Recife-PE, no período de janeiro 2007 a dezembro de 2008. Resultados: foram atendidos 115 pacientes com queimaduras por eletricidade no período de realização do estudo (média de 57,5 pacientes/ano, correspondendo a quase 8% de todas as queimaduras atendidas no serviço. Quanto ao sexo, 83,5% eram do sexo masculino e 16,5% eram do sexo feminino. A idade média foi de 27 anos. Ocorreu predominância do Médio queimado (70%. O acidente doméstico foi mais encontrado. Quanto ao tempo de hospitalização, aproximadamente 90% dos pacientes receberam alta com menos de dois meses de internação. Durante a evolução, 42,6% dos pacientes necessitaram de enxerto e 13% sofreram amputação. Nenhum óbito foi notificado no período de realização do estudo. Conclusões: a frequência de queimaduras por eletricidade em nosso estudo foi maior que as relatadas em outras séries. O perfil clínico- epidemiológico encontrado no presente estudo foi similar ao descrito na literatura.

  16. Detection of multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa harboring bla GES-1 and bla GES-11 in Recife, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva Júnior, Valdemir Vicente da; Ferreira, Laura Durão; Alves, Lílian Rodrigues; Cabral, Adriane Borges; Jácome, Paula Regina Luna de Araújo; Araújo, Paulo Sérgio Ramos de; Lopes, Ana Catarina de Souza; Maciel, Maria Amélia Vieira

    2017-01-01

    Pseudomonas aeruginosa, an important pathogen globally, presents several resistance mechanisms. This study aimed to investigate the presence of bla GES in clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa obtained from various clinical specimens from patients admitted to three different hospitals in Recife, Brazil. The Guiana extended spectrum beta-lactamase (GES) enzymes are responsible for conferring broad spectrum resistance to beta-lactam drugs, including the carbapenems. A total of 100 carbapenem-resistant P. aeruginosa isolates underwent polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing to identify bla GES, bla KPC, bla SPM-1, bla IMP, and bla VIM. Additionally, PCR products positive for bla GES were sequenced. The clonal profiles of these same isolates were then determined by means of enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus (ERIC)-PCR analysis. PCR analysis revealed that four isolates harbored bla GES; DNA sequencing showed that two harbored bla GES-1 and two bla GES-11. Beta-lactamase genes bla SPM-1, bla IMP, bla VIM, and bla KPC were investigated; none of these genes was detected. Automated susceptibility testing methods (Vitek®2, bioMérieux) showed that the bla GES-1-positive isolates were only susceptible to polymyxin B. The patterns obtained with ERIC-PCR methods showed clonal relationship between the two isolates that harbored bla GES-11, whereas different clonal profiles were found in the isolates harboring bla GES-1. We detected the presence of bacterial isolates positive for two different variants of the enzyme GES in three different hospitals from Recife, Brazil. These enzymes have a great capacity for dissemination among Gram-negative bacteria and confer broad-spectrum resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics and to the carbapenems.

  17. Recomendações de Gestão dos Recifes Artificiais para a Prática do Surfe

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    Marco Antonio Moraes Ocke

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Os recifes artificiais são estruturas afundadas em ambiente marinho a fim de oferecer múltiplos usos e beneficiar um maior número de usuários. Entretanto, sua capacidade de propiciar melhores condições de surfe tem sido a principal característica atrativa para experiências já realizadas em alguns países do mundo. Neste contexto, esta pesquisa tem o objetivo de apresentar um conjunto de recomendações que possam contribuir com gestores públicos e privados que planejam incluir a implantação de recifes artificiais tendo como foco a melhoria nas condições de surfe em suas localidades. Para tanto, esta pesquisa qualitativa exploratória se desenvolve a partir de breve revisão teórica sobre o tema e de um estudo de casos múltiplos – Austrália, Estados Unidos, Nova Zelândia, India e Inglaterra - para sustentar o raciocínio. Os resultados incluem o caráter inovador deste tipo de estrutura demandando um aprimoramento nos métodos de construção e gestão, programas de monitoramento de longo prazo para avaliação de eficácia, desafios na integração de usuários, participação pública nas diferentes etapas do processo, gestão das expectativas dos mercados envolvidos. Uma vez que poucos estudos referentes ao tema foram desenvolvidos até o presente momento, as análises presentes neste trabalho podem contribuir com o preenchimento desta lacuna no conhecimento.

  18. Avaliação da qualidade de vida dos anestesiologistas da cidade do Recife Evaluación de la calidad de vida de los anestesiólogos de la ciudad de Recife Evaluation of the quality of life of anesthesiologists in the city of Recife

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Alves Calumbi

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A prática médica em Anestesiologia é atividade desgastante e estressante. Neste estudo, foi avaliada a qualidade de vida dos anestesiologistas que trabalham na cidade do Recife e relacionado o perfil de qualidade de vida com o grau de satisfação com a saúde, número de dias e turnos semanais trabalhados, gênero e faixa etária. MÉTODO: Utilizou-se o questionário WHOQOL-BREF. Foram aplicados a correlação de Sperman e os testes t de Student, Anova e de variância pelo teste de Scheffé, adotando-se os valores de p JUSTIFICATIVA Y OBJETIVOS:La práctica médica en Anestesiología es una actividad que desgasta y estresa. En este estudio, se evaluó la calidad de vida de los anestesiólogos que trabajan en la ciudad de Recife y se relacionó el perfil de calidad de vida, con el grado de satisfacción con relación a la salud, al número de días y a los turnos semanales trabajados, el sexo y la franja etaria. MÉTODO: Se utilizó el cuestionario WHOQOL-BREF. Se aplicaron la correlación de Sperman y los tests t de Student, Anova y de variancia por el test de Scheffé, adoptándose los valores de p BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The practice of Anesthesiology is exhausting and stressful. The present study evaluated the quality of life of anesthesiologists working in the city of Recife, correlating the profile of the quality of life with the degree of satisfaction with their health, number of working days and weekly shifts, gender, and age group. METHODS: The WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire was used. Spearman's correlation and Student t test, ANOVA, and Scheffé test for variance were used, considering a p < 0.05 significant. RESULTS: Subjective analysis demonstrated that 44.6% of anesthesiologists have a negative or undefined perception about their quality of life. The degree of satisfaction with their health (r = 0.525; p = 0.01 and the excess of weekly working shifts (p = 0.03 had a significant influence on the results

  19. Intercomparison of activity measures of 1 {sup 31}I, {sup 67}Ga and {sup 201}Tl in nuclear medicine services in Recife/PE; Intercomparacao de medidas de atividade de {sup 131}I, {sup 67}Ga e {sup 201}Tl em servicos de medicina nuclear do Recife/PE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Couto, Iris Tairini V. do, E-mail: iristairini@hotmail.com [Instituto Federal de Educacao, Ciencia e Tecnologia de Pernambuco (IFPE), Recife, PE (Brazil); Fragoso, Maria da Conceicao de F.; Oliveira, Mercia Liane de, E-mail: mercial@cnen.gov.br [Centro Regional de Ciencias Nucleares do Nordeste (CRCN-NE/CNEN-PE), Recife, PE (Brazil)

    2013-07-01

    In this work, we intend to evaluate the performance of radionuclide calibrators of the Nuclear Medicine Services of the Recife (Brazil), the measurement procedures used by the professionals of these services and the frequency of the application of quality control testing required by Comissao Nacional de Energia Nuclear (CNEN) and the Agencia Nacional de Vigilancia Sanitaria (ANVISA), performing an intercomparison of radionuclides measurements.

  20. Genetic analyses, phenotypic adaptability and stability in sugarcane genotypes for commercial cultivation in Pernambuco.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dutra Filho, J A; Junior, T C; Simões Neto, D E

    2015-10-05

    In the present study, we assessed the agro-industrial performance of 22 sugarcane genotypes adaptable to edaphoclimatic conditions in production microregions in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil, and we recommended the commercial cultivation of select genotypes. The variables analyzed were as follows: sucrose percentage in cane juice, tonnage of saccharose per hectare (TPH), sugarcane tonnage per hectare (TCH), fiber, solid soluble contents, total recoverable sugar tonnage (ATR), and total recoverable sugar tonnage per hectare (ATR t/ha). A randomized block design with 4 repeats was used. Combined variance of the experiments, genetic parameter estimates, and environment stratification were analyzed. Phenotypic adaptability and stability were analyzed using the Annicchiarico and Wricke methods and analysis of variance. Genetic gain was estimated using the classic index and sum of ranks. Genotype selection was efficient for TPH, TCH, and ATR t/ha. Genotypes presented a great potential for improvement and a similar response pattern in Litoral Norte and Mata Sul microregions for TPH and TCH and Litoral Norte and Litoral Sul microregions for ATR t/ha. Genotypes SP78-4764, RB813804, and SP79-101 showed better productivity and phenotypic adaptability and stability, according to the Wricke and Annicchiarico methods. These genotypes can be recommended for cultivation in the sugarcane belt in the State of Pernambuco.

  1. Occurrence of Mycoplasma synoviae on commercial poultry farms of Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Mércia R. Barros

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The state of Pernambuco is the largest producer of eggs in the North and Northeast of Brazil and second one in the broiler production. Mycoplasmas are important avian pathogens, which cause respiratory and joint diseases that result in large economic losses. The aim of the present study was to investigate the occurrence of Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG and Mycoplasma synoviae (MS in broilers and commercial laying hens in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. Tracheal fragments were analyzed from 55 healthy broilers, 35 broilers with respiratory signs and 30 commercial laying hens with respiratory signs, from 24 commercial poultry farms, each sample was composed of a pool of five birds. The bacteriological exam, PCR and nested PCR were used for the detection of Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG and Mycoplasma synoviae (MS. All samples were negative in bacteriological isolation. In the PCR analyses, seven samples from birds with respiratory signs were positive for MS and one was positive for MG, the latter of which was confirmed as the MG-F vaccine strain. The occurrence of MS in chickens with respiratory signs may indicate inadequate sanitary management on poultry farms, favoring the propagation of mycoplasmosis.

  2. Babesia canis vogeli infection in dogs and ticks in the semiarid region of Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Andreina C. Araujo

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract:This study aimed to report the prevalence of Babesia canis vogeli in dogs and ticks in the urban and rural areas of Petrolina, Pernambuco. Serum and peripheral blood samples of 404 dogs were tested by indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA and by blood smears, respectively. The presence of tick infestation was evaluated, and some specimens were submitted to DNA amplification by polymerase chain reaction (PCR. The presence of antibodies anti-B. canis vogeli was determinate in 57.9% (234/404 of dogs. The direct detection of Babesia spp was obtained in 0.5% (2/404 dogs by visualization of intraerythrocytic forms. Infestation by Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato was observed in 54.5% (220/404 of dogs in both urban and rural areas. DNA of Babesia canis vogeli were obtained by PCR in 6% individual (3/50 and 8.7% of pool of ticks (7/80. The risk factors for the presence of anti-B. canis vogeli antibodies, as determined through the application of logistic regression models (P<0.05, were the following: medium breed size variables (P<0.001; contact with areas of forest (P=0.021; and access on the street (P=0.046. This study describes, for the first time, the confirmation of infection of B. canis vogeli in dogs and ticks in the semiarid region of Pernambuco, Brazil.

  3. Susceptibility status of Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) populations to the chemical insecticide temephos in Pernambuco, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amorim, Liliane Barbosa; Helvecio, Elisama; de Oliveira, Cláudia Maria Fontes; Ayres, Constância Flávia Junqueira

    2013-12-01

    Culex quinquefasciatus is the vector of many agents of human diseases, including Wuchereria bancrofti, the parasite that causes bancroftian filariasis, an endemic disease in Pernambuco State, Brazil. Although temephos is not currently used to control C. quinquefasciatus, the species might be under a selection process from incidental exposure to this compound. This study aimed to evaluate the susceptibility status of C. quinquefasciatus to temephos, using bioassays, and to investigate its putative resistance mechanisms through biochemical assays and screening of the G119S mutation in the acetylcholinesterase gene, which is associated with organophosphate resistance, carried out by PCR and sequencing. The results showed that only mosquitoes from Santa Cruz do Capibaribe (SC) had an alteration in their susceptibility status (RR = 7.2-fold), while the other populations were all susceptible to the insecticide. Biochemical assays showed increased activity for all esterases in SC, as well as evidence of acetylcholinesterase insensitivity. The G119S mutation was detected in this population with a frequency of 0.11, but it was not found in the remaining populations. These data show that mechanisms of temephos resistance have been selected in natural C. quinquefasciatus populations from Pernambuco, which could undermine future control actions. © 2013 Society of Chemical Industry.

  4. Detection of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in bovine milk from the state of Pernambuco, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albuquerque, Pedro Paulo Feitosa de; Santos, André de Souza; Souza Neto, Orestes Luiz de; Kim, Pomy de Cássia Peixoto; Cavalcanti, Erika Fernanda Torres Samico Fernandes; Oliveira, Júnior Mário Baltazar de; Mota, Rinaldo Aparecido; Júnior, José Wilton Pinheiro

    The aim of this study was to detect the IS900 region of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) in bovine milk samples using real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and conventional PCR, and to study the agreement between these tests. A total of 121 bovine milk samples were collected from herds considered positive for MAP, from the State of Pernambuco, Brazil. MAP DNA was detected in 20 samples (16.5%) using conventional PCR and in 34 samples (28.1%) using qPCR. MAP DNA was detected in all of the 6 animal farms studied. Moderate agreement was found between qPCR and conventional PCR results, where the sensitivity and specificity of conventional PCR in relation to qPCR were 50% and 96.6%, respectively. Thus, the IS900 region of MAP was found in bovine milk samples from the State of Pernambuco. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of MAP DNA found in bovine milk in Northeast Brazil. We also demonstrated the qPCR technique is more sensitive than conventional PCR with respect to detection of MAP in milk samples. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda.

  5. Assessment of transplacental transmission of Neospora caninum in dairy cattle in the Agreste region of Pernambuco.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramos, Inalda Angélica de Souza; Silva, Rafael José da; Maciel, Thiago Arcoverde; Afonso da Silva, José Augusto Bastos; Fidelis, Otavio Luiz; Soares, Pierre Castro; Machado, Rosangela Zacarias; André, Marcos Rogério; Mendonça, Carla Lopes de

    2016-01-01

    The transplacental transmission is the primary route of Neospora caninum infection in bovine herds around the world. This study aimed to determine the frequency of transplacental transmission of the parasite in dairy cattle of Agreste region of Pernambuco through serological tests (IFAT and ELISA). Three hundred sixteen serum samples from cows and heifers and their offspring were analyzed. The transplacental transmission rate was 72.22% (13/18) for cows and 69.23% (9/13) for heifers by IFAT. ELISA test showed transplacental transmission rate of 43.58% (17/39) for cows and 50% (9/18) for heifers. The transplacental transmission rates were similar, in both groups in test, but a higher seropositivity was found in cows by IFAT. Data were statistically analyzed using the chi-square and Fisher's exact test. A significant relationship of dependence between seropositivity of mothers and their offspring was found. The more frequent IFAT antibody titers and ELISA levels for N. caninum were, respectively, 200 and between four (cows) and five (heifers and offspring). In the Spearman correlation, no association was found between the magnitude of antibody titers for N. caninum between mothers and their offspring. The kappa test showed an index of 0.35, indicating a mild correlation between the serological tests used. The study suggests that cows and heifers are the main transmitters of N. caninum in the studied region and that vertical transmission is the major form of transmission in dairy herds of the Agreste region of Pernambuco.

  6. Larynx cancer mortality in the State of Pernambuco - Brazil - 2000-2004.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pernambuco, Leandro de Araújo; Vilela, Mirella Bezerra Rodrigues

    2009-01-01

    The larynx is considered a site of the greatest occurrence of head and neck neoplasias, and for cancer studies, mortality is one of the most reliable health indicators. To study the mortality by laryngeal cancer in Pernambuco during 2000-2004. STUDY FORMAT: Contemporary cross-sectional cohort. We considered all deaths by laryngeal cancer in residents of Pernambuco State between 2000 and 2004, taken from the State's Mortality Information System (SIM/SUS). The data was analyzed through descriptive statistics, with the results expressed in tables, graphs and maps, using Excel version 2000 and the EpiInfo version 6.04 b software. There was little variation in the mortality coefficient in the years considered for study. The Sertão Mesoregion had the highest number of deaths and Fernando de Noronha island had the highest mortality rate. The patient profile found was: men, between 60-69 years, brown color, married, with low literacy, who died in a hospital setting. We found mortality stability and heterogeneity among the cities. The mortality profile according to social variables corroborates data found in other Brazilian States, except for race/color.

  7. [Completeness of notifications of violence perpetrated against adolescents in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, Taciana Mirella Batista Dos; Cardoso, Mirian Domingos; Pitangui, Ana Carolina Rodarti; Santos, Yasmim Gabriella Cardoso; Paiva, Saul Martins; Melo, João Paulo Ramos; Silva, Lygia Maria Pereira

    2016-12-01

    The scope of this study was to analyze the trend of completeness of the data on violence perpetrated against adolescents registered in the State of Pernambuco between 2009 and 2012. This involved a cross-sectional survey of 5,259 adolescents, who were the victims of violence reported in SINAN-VIVA of the Pernambuco State Health Department. Simple linear regression was used to investigate the trend of completeness of the variables. The percentages of completeness were considered to be dependent variables (Y) and the number of years as independent variables (X). The results show a significant increase of 204% in the number of notifications. However, of the 34 variables analyzed, 27 (79.4%) showed a stationary trend, 6 (17.6%) a downward trend, and only one variable (2.9%) an upward trend. Completeness was considered 'Very Poor' for the variables: Education (47.3%), Full Address (21.3%), Occurrence Time (38%) and Use of Alcohol by the Attacker (47%). Therefore, despite the large increase in the number of notifications, data quality continued to be compromised, hampering a more realistic analysis of this group.

  8. Urban transmission of schistosomiasis: new epidemiological situation in the forest area of Pernambuco.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomes, Elainne Christine de Souza; Mesquita, Millena Carla da Silva; Rehn, Vitorina Nerivânia Covello; Nascimento, Wheverton Ricardo Correia do; Loyo, Rodrigo; Barbosa, Constança Simões

    2016-01-01

    Schistosomiasis is considered an endemic disease in Vitória de Santo Antão, Pernambuco, a district which has presented both high incidence and prevalence of it for decades. Poor environmental conditions lead to contamination of water sources in rural areas, which are used by the population during daily activities, resulting in typical transmission. Recently, there has been evidence of vector snails in urban areas, which could set a new model for schistosomiasis transmission in this district. To identify the new epidemiological situation for the urban transmission of schistosomiasis in Vitória de Santo Antão, Pernambuco. A malacological survey was conducted in all water sources in the city limits to investigate schistosomiasis vector snails (Biomphalaria spp.). The collected snails were examined for taxonomic identification and Schistosoma mansoni infection. All breeding sites were georeferenced to build risk maps through the TrackMaker PRO program and ArcGIS software. We identified 22 Biomphalaria straminea breeding sites and collected 1,704 snails. One of these breeding sites was identified as a source of transmission and seven as potential sources of transmission. The designed maps identified two risk areas of urban transmission of schistosomiasis and expansion areas for breeding sites, establishing an increased risk of transmission to the population. This study verified the existence of a new epidemiological situation in which the possibility of the urban transmission of the disease was confirmed.

  9. VISCERAL LEISHMANIASIS IN PETROLINA, STATE OF PERNAMBUCO, BRAZIL, 2007-2013.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Araujo, Andreina de Carvalho; Gonçalves, Nara Nagle Vieira Matos; Dantas-Torres, Filipe; Ferreira, Fernando; Horta, Mauricio Claudio

    2016-01-01

    Visceral leishmaniasis is a life-threatening disease of great public health relevance in Brazil. The municipality of Petrolina is an endemic area in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil. This study was designed to assess the recent expansion of VL in the municipality of Petrolina, Pernambuco. Patients data were obtained from the Brazilian National Information System for Notifiable Diseases (SINAN). A total of 111 records from 2007 to 2013 were investigated, of which 69 were residents in Petrolina. The disease has predominantly affected 1-4 year old children (34.8%). Most of the patients were males (59.4%). Co-infection with human immunodeficiency virus occurred in 14.5% of the cases. The criterion most frequently used was the clinical and epidemiological confirmation (59.4%), with clinical cure in 78.3% of cases and one fatal outcome. Visceral leishmaniasis is endemic in Petrolina with transmission levels varying from moderate to high. The present study has shown the precariousness of the use of diagnostic tests in primary healthcare units, and this misuse has interfered with the diagnosis and treatment of cases.

  10. Detection of Mycobacterium bovis in artisanal cheese in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cezar, Renata D S; Lucena-Silva, Norma; Borges, Jonas M; Santana, Vania L A; Pinheiro Junior, José W

    2016-09-01

    The present study was aimed at detecting Mycobacterium bovis in artisanal cheese using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. One hundred seven cheese samples (250g) were purchased in 107 commercial establishments including neighborhood grocery stores, bakeries, and open-air markets from 19 municipalities of the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. Ten grams of each cheese sample were macerated with sterile saline solution in a sterile bag and DNA was extracted from 20mg of the macerated material using the Wizard SV Genomic DNA Purification System. The quantitative polymerase chain reaction amplified a fragment corresponding to the region of difference 4 of M. bovis. Of the 107 samples analyzed, three (2.8%) were positive for M. bovis and their identities were confirmed by sequencing. This is perhaps the first report of the presence of M. bovis in artisanal cheese in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. The results of the present study highlight the need for improving sanitary measures during the production of artisanal cheese to prevent zoonotic tuberculosis in humans, resulting from the consumption of food contaminated with M. bovis. Copyright © 2016 Asian-African Society for Mycobacteriology. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. Use of radiogenic heat for demarcation of hydrothermal alteration zones in the Pernambuco-Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cunha, Leandro O.; Dutra, Alanna C.; Costa, Alexandre B.

    2017-10-01

    In this paper, we identify hydrothermal alteration zones that are located at the eastern extreme of Borborema Province, Pernambuco State, using radiogenic heat, in combination with magnetic and radioelement data collected both from the air and on the ground. The use of these methods enabled the mapping of geological lineaments based on total magnetic intensity maps, radioelement concentration maps, ternary maps and the F factor, as well as physical properties provided by ground data (thermal conductivity, density, and magnetic susceptibility). The data integration was based on low values of radiogenic heat and high K concentrations, as well as high F factors, amplitudes of the analytic signal, and K/eTh and eU/eTh values. These characteristics occur within the Pernambuco lineament and within other features to the southeast, a short distance south of the lineaments, which are made up of units including a migmatitic gneiss complex, as well as the Modern, Itaporanga and Sierra Passira Intrusive Suites. In these areas, elongated sources that are consistent with lineaments were identified. These sources were assigned depths of up to 3 km and are 5-10 km long, with the most significant extending SE-NW. These areas are favorable for the mineralization of iron, titanium and nickel. As the results are satisfactory, such areas can be studied in detail in the future.

  12. The mineralogical behavior of the phosphatic sedimentation in Pernambuco-Paraiba sedimentar coastal basin

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Albuquerque Menor, E. de; Amaral, A.J.R. do

    1979-01-01

    This work reports the execution of the ''Phosphate in the Sedimentary coastal zone of Pernambuco-Paraiba'' Project, resulting from the execution of 35 drilling holes distributed between Paulista City, State of Pernambuco and the Miriri river valley, State of Paraiba. The rocks were analysed by X-ray diffraction, and the results were used in the working up of mineralogical logs. The mineralogical logs interpretation makes possible to distinguish phosphorite and sandy phosphorite areas inside a mineralization zone, wich laterally passes to a phosphatic carbonatic rocks area situated far from cost line of that epoch. Differences of the mineral paragenesis are used under a regional sedimentar model conception and indicated as prospecting guides. The dominance of Kaolinite is related to continental sediments (Beberibe Formation). The dominance of montmorillonite, on the other hand, is more to marine facies than to particular conditions of the phosphatic mineralization. The analysis of these conditions shows that the continental areas resistant to the pre-Maestrichtrian transegressive oscillations coincide to the more favourable places to the phosphatic mineralization. (author) [pt

  13. Ocorrência de Auricula complexa (Bacillariophyceae na plataforma continental de Pernambuco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Núbia Abrantes Gomes

    1989-01-01

    Full Text Available Aurícula complexa (Gregory Cleve (Auriculaceae, Bacülariophyceae é assinalada pela primeira vez para as águas costeiras de Pernambuco, NE do Brasil. A espécie foi encontrada em amostras de plancton, coletadas durante o período de março/87 a fevereiro/88, em quatro estações, localizadas em um perfil perpendicular à costa. O trabalho fornece descrição, distribuição na área estudada e dados ecológicos da espécie, que esteve presente em nove das 48 amostras coletadas. Quantitativamente foi pouco representativa, com percentuais que não atingiram mais que 0,5% da população fitoplanctônica total.Auricula complexa (Gregory Cleve (Auriculaceae, Bacülariophyceae is mentioned for the first time to coastal waters of Pernambuco, Northeastern Brazil. The species was found in plankton samples collected from March/1987 to February/1988 in four stations located in a line perpendicular to the coast. Description, distribution in the area studied, and ecological data are givem. Auricula complexa (Gregory Cleve was observed in 9 out of the 48 samples examined, with percentages not higher than 0,5% of the total phytoplancton population.

  14. TURISMO RURAL Experiências no Agreste e Sertão de Pernambuco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filipe Augusto Xavier Lima

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Este trabalho analisa os avanços e desafios relacionados ao turismo rural e seus impactos sobre o desenvolvimento rural sustentável, particularizando experiências desenvolvidas em alguns municípios das regiões Agreste e Sertão do Estado de Pernambuco, Nordeste do Brasil. Como recursos metodológicos, foram realizados levantamentos de dados em acervos de organizações governamentais no Estado de Pernambuco para identificação das potencialidades existentes para o desenvolvimento do turismo rural nas regiões em estudo, entre agosto e novembro de 2009. A importância deste trabalho está na possibilidade de contribuir para a compreensão e aprofundamento teórico em torno dos aspectos relacionados ao turismo rural, na sua relação com o desenvolvimento rural sustentável. Palavras-chave: Turismo Rural. Agricultura. Desenvolvimento Rural Sustentável. 

  15. Clinical-epidemiologic profile of the schistosomal myeloradiculopathy in Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Karina Conceição GM de Araújo

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available This was a retrospective descriptive study on a series of cases of schistosomal myeloradiculopathy (SMR and the aim was to investigate the incidence of this disease and its clinical and epidemiological characteristics in cases diagnosed at three healthcare units in Pernambuco, Brazil between 1994-2006. The data were collected by reviewing the medical records from both the neurological and paediatric outpatient clinics and wards of the Hospital Clinics, Hospital of the Restoration and Pernambuco Mother and Child Institute. To gather the data, a spinal cord schistosomiasis evaluation protocol was used. The diagnoses were based on positive epidemiological evidence of schistosomiasis, clinical findings and laboratory tests (stool parasitological examination or rectal biopsies, magnetic resonance imaging findings and cerebrospinal fluid investigations. A total of 139 cases aged between 2-83 years were found. The most important determinants of SMR were male sex (66.2%, contact with fresh water (91%, origin in endemic regions (39.5%, lower-limb muscle weakness (100%, sensory level at the lower thoracic medulla (40.3%, myeloradicular form (76% and presence of eggs in the stool parasitological examination (48%. This sample indicates the need for intervention policies guided by diagnostic standardization, thereby avoiding disease under-notification.

  16. Arbuscular mycorrhiza in species of Commelinidae (Liliopsida in the state of Pernambuco (Brazil

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    Silva Gladstone Alves da

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Mycorrhiza are a mutualistic symbiosis between fungi and plant roots, the main benefit to the plant being increased nutrient uptake. The arbuscular is the most important kind of mycorrhiza for agriculture and it is widespread in occurrence and distribution in most ecosystems. The aim of this work was to study the mycorrhizal status of the species of Commelinidae that occur in the State of Pernambuco. Plant roots, collected in ten municipalities, were washed, cleared in KOH, stained with Trypan blue in lactoglycerol and observed under a light microscope in order to assess presence and identification of the mycorrhizal type. Percentage of root colonization was evaluated by the gridline intersect method. Forty specimens representing 30 species were observed. From these specimens, 70% were colonized by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF. In one family (Typhaceae, mycorrhizal structures were not observed, in two of them (Eriocaulaceae and Juncaceae all specimens showed the association, and three families (Commelinaceae, Cyperaceae and Poaceae presented specimens with or without AMF. In some of the roots, other fungi were observed together with the AMF. The results indicate that AMF are widely distributed among species of Commelinidae in Pernambuco, being probably important for their establishment in the areas visited.

  17. The geographical identification (GI under geographic perspective for coalho cheese in agreste region of Pernambuco state

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    Janieire Dorlamis Cordeiro Bezerra

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available This theme, geographic identification, although it has an intrinsic relationship with space and the organization of it, is little studied in Geography. For GI becomes tool to promote territorial development this should be linked to a policy not only economic but social and environmental, seeking to reach the marginalized producers in order to avoid social exclusion. GI coalho cheese Agreste of Pernambuco is indication of origin (IO which will help in spatial changes. To obtain a certification studies will required to contribute to the achievement of the GI, and futher after certification further research will be extremely necessary in order to manage the certification process and inclusion of family farming. Therefore, it will possible to conclude that the coalho cheese GI Agreste Pernambuco in fact included the family farmer, enhancing production, improving their income and enabling the rise. Therefore, the certification will bring beyond recognition in the region, a socio-spatial change, which in the future will involve studies of socio-economic indicators, with the interaction of man with the territory, how to adopt it and use it, contextualizing the space changes.

  18. BENCHMARKS FOR MILK PRODUCTION SYSTEMS IN THE PERNAMBUCO AGRESTE REGION, NORTHEASTERN BRAZIL

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    MARLA CONCEIÇÃO OLIVEIRA

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work was to identify and assess the technological, zootechnical and socioeconomic profiles and identify and quantify benchmarks for dairy cattle production systems, in a non-experimental approach, aiming to contribute to the sustainability and competitiveness of dairy farming in the Pernambuco Agreste region, northeastern Brazil. Thirty-six milk production systems of family and corporate farming were evaluated during twelve months, in order to identify and quantify the benchmarks. The systems were characterized regarding their size and technological, zootechnical and economic profiles. The correlation coefficients of the return rate on invested capital were assessed and regression equations were developed for each indicator, according to four scenarios of annual return rates (4, 6, 8 and 10%. The indicators evaluated were milk production per dairy cows, milk production per area, average price of milk, effective operational cost, total operating cost, total cost per price of milk and profitability. The dairy farming in the Pernambuco Agreste region pays the production costs, but tends to a not adequate remuneration of family labor and a need of external capital input for replacement of the assets. The productivity of production factors area and animals showed higher correlation with cost-effectiveness, denoting the need for increase the production through increases in land area and milk productivity per dairy cow. The identification and quantification of benchmarks may help to identify the weak points of dairy farming in the Agreste region, making it sustainable and competitive.

  19. Spontaneous and experimental poisoning of cattle by Palicourea aeneofusca in the region of Pernambuco and introduction of conditioned food aversion

    Science.gov (United States)

    The objective of this study was to describe the epidemiological, clinical, and pathological aspects of Palicourea aeneofusca poisoning in cattle in the region of Pernambuco, Brazil and to determine if it is possible to induce food aversion by P. aeneofusca poisoning in cattle raised under extensive ...

  20. Application of the exploratory analysis of data in the geographical discrimination of okra of Rio Grande do Norte and Pernambuco

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    Francisco Santos Panero

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available The contents of Cu, Zn, Na, Fe, K, Ca, Mn, Mg, PO43-, Cl- and SO42- were determined in samples of okra of the municipal districts of Caruaru and Vitória de Santo Antão, in Pernambuco, as well as in the municipal districts of Ceará-Mirim, Macaíba and Extremoz in the state of Rio Grande do Norte. The objective of this work is the application of two methods of  exploratory analysis of data: Principal Component Analysis - PCA and Hierarquical Cluster Analysis - HCA in the geographical discrimination of okra originating in the states of Rio Grande do Norte and Pernambuco. The results showed that Cl- and Na were the main elements for the differentiation of the samples of Rio Grande do Norte and, the samples of Pernambuco presented the largest amount of Fe, Cu, Mn, Mg, Ca, Zn, K, PO43-, and SO42-. Boths the methods of exploratory analysis of data investigated are efficient for geographical discrimination of okra originating in Rio Grande do Norte and Pernambuco.

  1. Predation of Molossus molossus (Pallas, 1766 (Chiroptera: Molossidae by Rhinella jimi (Stevaux, 2002 (Anura: Bufonidae in the Caatinga, Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Luiz Augustinho Menezes da Silva

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available This communication is to report, through a fortuitous event, the predation of the bat Molossus molossus by the toad Rhinella jimi, on 29 May 2003 in the Caatinga, municipality of Orocó, state of Pernambuco, northeast Brazil.

  2. Resíduos da construção civil na cidade do Recife : percepção de trabalhadores envolvidos

    OpenAIRE

    Luiz Leopoldino Tavares da Silva

    2012-01-01

    Esta pesquisa teve como objetivo geral avaliar a percepção de alguns trabalhadores envolvidos com o descarte dos resíduos da construção atual na cidade do Recife. Desse modo, a investigação da composição dos resíduos de construção civil na cidade do Recife é importante haja vista muitos serem recicláveis, o que pode proporcionar a redução dos custos nas obras e melhor a qualidade de vida da população a medida que busca encontrar mecanismos de reutilização de tais resíduos. A metodologia adota...

  3. Zonação de recifes emersos da Área de Proteção Ambiental Costa dos Corais, Nordeste do Brasil

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    Andrea Quirino Steiner

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO A zonação dos ambientes recifais permite avaliar possíveis impactos antropogênicos e subsidiar futuros planos de manejo. Este estudo teve por objetivo levantar as espécies bentônicas (com ênfase nos cnidários no topo dos recifes emersos da Área de Proteção Ambiental (APA Costa dos Corais, bem como calcular e comparar sua porcentagem de cobertura. Foram realizados transectos em linha contínuos, em seis praias da referida APA, em três regiões da plataforma recifal e com quatro réplicas para cada região. Os resultados mostraram maior cobertura de algas em todas as praias, com exceção de Tamandaré/PE. Entre os cnidários os zoantídeos predominaram, mas se registrou, também, a ocorrência dos corais escleractíneos Siderastrea stellata e Favia gravida. Outros organismos encontrados foram os poríferos, o molusco Brachidontes exustus e o equinodermo Echinometra lucunter. Foi observada ocorrência de branqueamento nas duas espécies de coral encontradas (em todas as praias visitadas e no zoantídeo Palythoa caribaeorum. De forma geral, os organismos registrados se caracterizaram pela resistência às condições instáveis da plataforma recifal. Além disso, as análises de agrupamento mostraram que fatores como o aporte de rios e o impacto antrópico exercem substancial influência na caracterização da cobertura bentônica da plataforma recifal, sobrepondo-se até mesmo à proximidade geográfica de áreas.

  4. The Only Thing Like Coca-Cola is Coca-Cola Itself: Agency of Matter and Food Culture in the City of Recife in the 1940s

    OpenAIRE

    de OliveiraToscano, Frederico

    2016-01-01

    After a series of attacks on Brazilian ships in the beginning of the1940s, a bilateral agreement was established between Brazil and the United States whereby Brazil received North-American military bases in several parts of its territory, This led to a large presence of Americans in Recife. Amidst fights and parties, linguistic misunderstandings and illicit loves, Recifenses and Yanks shared a still provincial city and were unprepared for the changes that surged in at an ever increasing pace....

  5. Woody medicinal plants of the caatinga in the state of Pernambuco (Northeast Brazil Plantas medicinais arbóreas da caatinga no Estado de Pernambuco (Nordeste do Brasil

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    Ana Carolina Oliveira da Silva

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Floristic and phytosociological studies undertaken in six areas of the state of Pernambuco were selected with the aim of analyzing the Relative Importance of the woody medicinal plant species of Pernambuco's caatinga from an ethnobotanical perspective. For the data analysis, only those identified up to the species level were selected and information on medicinal properties was obtained for each one from the literature. The Relative Importance was calculated for each species. From the 57 woody species, 22 had therapeutic indications; from these, Anacardium occidentale L., Tabebuia impetiginosa (Mart. ex DC Standley, Schinopsis brasiliensis Engl., and Myracrodruon urundeuva (Engl. Fr. All. had the greatest values of Relative Importance. The correlation analysis made clear that the Relative Importance of the species is negatively correlated with the Density and Relative Frequency (pCom o objetivo de analisar, a partir de uma perspectiva etnobotânica, a importância relativa das espécies arbóreas medicinais da caatinga pernambucana, foram selecionados trabalhos florísticos e fitossociológicos realizados em seis áreas no Estado de Pernambuco. Para análise dos dados, foram selecionadas apenas as espécies identificadas até o nível de espécie e para cada uma levantou-se informações medicinais disponíveis na literatura. Para cada espécie calculou-se a importância relativa. Das 57 espécies arbóreas, 22 possuem indicação terapêutica, sendo Anacardium occidentale L., Tabebuia impetiginosa (Mart. ex DC Standley, Schinopsis brasiliensis Engl. e Myracrodruon urundeuva (Engl. Fr. All., as espécies com os maiores valores de Importância Relativa. A análise de correlação evidenciou que a importância relativa das espécies encontra-se negativamente correlacionada com a Densidade e Freqüência Relativas (p< 0,05. As espécies mais importantes, do ponto de vista etnobotânico, são também as mais vulneráveis devido à exploração sistem

  6. Recovery and screening for antibiotic susceptibility of potential bacterial pathogens from the oral cavity of shark species involved in attacks on humans in Recife, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Interaminense, J A; Nascimento, D C O; Ventura, R F; Batista, J E C; Souza, M M C; Hazin, F H V; Pontes-Filho, N T; Lima-Filho, J V

    2010-08-01

    The number of incidents involving sharks and humans at beaches in Recife, on the north-eastern Brazilian coast, is among the highest worldwide. In addition, wound infections in survivors are common; but the nature and risk of the aetiological agents is unknown. In the present study, 81 potential bacterial pathogens were identified in the oral cavity of sharks involved in attacks in Recife, and were subjected to antibiotic susceptibility tests using the standardized disc-diffusion method. The majority were enterobacteria such as Enterobacter spp., Citrobacter spp., Proteus spp., Providencia alcalifaciens, Escherichia coli, Moellerella wisconcensis and Leclercia adecarboxylata. Other Gram-negative bacteria included Vibrio spp., Burkholderia cepacia, Acinetobacter spp. and Pseudomonas spp. In addition, coagulase-positive and coagulase-negative Staphylococcus spp., Enterococcus spp. and Micrococcus spp. were identified, besides Streptococcus spp. from the viridans group. Resistance was especially found in the Proteus mirabilis and Citrobacter freundii, and ranged from 4 to 6 antibiotics out of the 13 tested. Gentamicin and vancomycin were the most effective against Gram-positive cocci strains, whereas levofloxacin was fully inhibitory against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. These data are discussed in light of a retrospective evaluation of the medical records of three shark victims treated at Restauração Hospital in Recife.

  7. Desenvolvimento Sustentável e Mobilidade: alternativas para o desenvolvimento da mobilidade da região metropolitana do Recife

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    Daniel Leal Gomes da Silva

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The present research aimed to identify in the sustainability alternatives to the development of urban mobility in Recife's Metropolitan Region, suggesting the completion of Recife's urban mobility plan. It is a revision essay of the literature for the present of impasses and the observation of the meaning given to the term for different authors and social actors. It is possible to note in the theorical basis an approach that seeks to encourage a conscious use of the soil, organizing the public's passenger transportation, contributing to reduce traffic and, this way, improving people's quality of life, troughout the backing of the Local Sustainable Development together with plan to the mobility turned into the infrastructure's movement, mostly in the configuration of corridors and/or exclusive tracks in the of fluity more accessible circulation. It is understand that in order to reach the desired sustainable urban mobility for Recife's Metropolitan Region (RMR it is necessary to plan strategies, procedures or analysis instruments, in witch exists the evaluation of impacts and possible implication in the search of the effectuation to restrain car movement in certain city areas, especially in the expanded center.

  8. Les rues fermées : du collectif à la collectivité. Regards croisés Nantes/Recife Gated streets: from social affinity to community. Crossed looks Nantes/Recife

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    Fanny Vuaillat

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Cet article propose une analyse des rues fermées, publiques ou privées, dans deux contextes différents, Nantes en France et Recife au Brésil. Ce double regard analytique permet de s’extraire des effets de contextes pour tenter de percevoir le sens commun de ces rues dans la fabrique de la ville fermée. À partir d’une série d’observations et d’entretiens auprès de responsables techniques ou politiques des pouvoirs publics locaux, ainsi qu’auprès d’habitants, plusieurs rues fermées servent à appréhender la manière dont l’installation d’un obstacle au passage instaure une frontière qui impose un rapport négocié, non exempt de frictions, du collectif à constituer à la collectivité. Cette limite ne sert pas tant un entre-soi affinitaire, qu’elle ne préserve des intérêts communs, pour lesquels il s’agit de former un collectif. Il faut donc trouver un équilibre, qui s’avère être soit frictionnel, soit établi sur la base d’un consensus a minima. Mais les pouvoirs publics, avec un discours ambigu, laissent des marges de manœuvre à une négociation en initiant une gouvernance urbaine sur les bases de frontières, physiques et juridiques, malléables et poreuses.The article analyses restricted and gated streets in both different context, Nantes in France and Recife in Brazil. This double analysis minimizes the effects of context and tries to perceive generic meaning in the restricted city. Starting from observations and interviews with the representatives of local authorities and the dwellers, several examples are used to understand the installation of an obstacle which creates a border and imposes negotiation (not necessarily free from tensions between the dwellers group to be formed and the local authorities. This limit preserves a community of interest, more than a social affinity community. This kind of stability can be frictional or based on a soft consensus. Nevertheless, the ambiguous view of the

  9. Níveis de nitrito e nitrato em salsichas comercializadas na região metropolitana do Recife Level nitrite and nitrate in sausages commercialized in metropolitan region of Recife

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    Artur Bibiano de Melo Filho

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available Os sais de nitrato e nitrito em excesso prejudicam a saúde. Com o objetivo de avaliar a qualidade de salsichas comercializadas em Recife-PE, os níveis de nitrito residual e nitrato foram determinados em 54 amostras de salsichas, coletadas segundo região de origem e marca, de acordo com 3 grupos e 9 sub-grupos: A Sul (A1, A2, A3; B Nordeste (B1, B2, B3, coletadas em supermercados; e, C indústrias locais e sem marcas (C1, C2, C3, em feiras livres. Aplicou-se testes ANOVA e Tukey. Constatou-se que no grupo (C 67% das amostras apresentavam-se com nitrito residual >150mg/kg (18% do total; e os níveis de nitrato >300mg/kg em 17(A, 67(B e 83%(C das amostras (pThe nitrite and nitrate salts in excess are harmfull to the health. With the objective to evaluate the quality of sausages commercialized in the Metropolitan Region of Recife, PE, the residual levels of nitrite and nitrate were measured in a 54 samples of hot-dog type sausage, that had constituted, as region of origin and mark, 3 groups and 9 sub-groups: (A the south one (A1, A2, A3; B northeast (B1, B2, B3, both, collected in supermarkets; and, C local industries, without marks (C1, C2, C3, in free fairs. ANOVA and Tukey tests were applied. The results showed that in 67% of the sausages from free fairs (C, (18% of total, the residual nitrite average were >150mg/kg above of the allowed maximum limit; and for nitrate value average, in 17(A, 67(B and 83 %(C of sausages, were >300mg/kg (max. allowed (p< 0.05. The results had allowed to conclude that the nitrite residual and nitrate levels in sausages, represent a risk to the health of the consumers due not following to the legislation in the production and commercialization of this product.

  10. Cost Optimization of Water Resources in Pernambuco, Brazil: Valuing Future Infrastructure and Climate Forecasts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Ipsita; Josset, Laureline; Lall, Upmanu; Cavalcanti e Silva, Erik; Cordeiro Possas, José Marcelo; Cauás Asfora, Marcelo

    2017-04-01

    Optimal management of water resources is paramount in semi-arid regions to limit strains on the society and economy due to limited water availability. This problem is likely to become even more recurrent as droughts are projected to intensify in the coming years, causing increasing stresses to the water supply in the concerned areas. The state of Pernambuco, in the Northeast Brazil is one such case, where one of the largest reservoir, Jucazinho, has been at approximately 1% capacity throughout 2016, making infrastructural challenges in the region very real. To ease some of the infrastructural stresses and reduce vulnerabilities of the water system, a new source of water from Rio São Francisco is currently under development. Till its development, water trucks have been regularly mandated to cover water deficits, but at a much higher cost, thus endangering the financial sustainability of the region. In this paper, we propose to evaluate the sustainability of the considered water system by formulating an optimization problem and determine the optimal operations to be conducted. We start with a comparative study of the current and future infrastructures capabilities to face various climate. We show that while the Rio Sao Francisco project mitigates the problems, both implementations do not prevent failure and require the reliance on water trucks during prolonged droughts. We also study the cost associated with the provision of water to the municipalities for several streamflow forecasts. In particular, we investigate the value of climate predictions to adapt operational decisions by comparing the results with a fixed policy derived from historical data. We show that the use of climate information permits the reduction of the water deficit and reduces overall operational costs. We conclude with a discussion on the potential of the approach to evaluate future infrastructure developments. This study is funded by the Inter-American Development Bank (IADB), and in

  11. Pseudomonas aeruginosa: freqüência de resistência a múltiplos fármacos e resistência cruzada entre antimicrobianos no Recife/PE Pseudomonas aeruginosa: frequency of resistance to multiple drugs and cross-resistance between antimicrobials in Recife/PE

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    Eduardo Andrada Pessoa de Figueiredo

    2007-12-01

    OBJECTIVES: The frequency of multiple-antibiotic resistant bacteria has been increasing in recent years. Among the gram-negative bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa shows a great propensity for the development of multidrug resistance mechanisms. The objective of this study was to identify the profile of susceptibility to antibiotics, the frequency of multidrug resistance and the cross-resistance between drugs of P. aeruginosa strains in two tertiary hospitals in Recife, Pernambuco. METHODS: The study was carried out between September 2004 and January 2006. The antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed in 304 strains of P. aeruginosa by the disc diffusion method in accordance with National Committee for Clinical and Laboratory Standards (NCCLS guidelines. RESULTS: The most frequent materials were urine (26.7% and respiratory tract secretion (26.1% The antibiotics tested and their respective susceptibilities were as follows: piperacillin-tazobactam (66.2%; aztreonam (59.8%; amikacin (59.4%; meropenem (58.2%; imipenem (57.7%; ciprofloxacin (49.7%; gentamicin and cefepime (48.6%; ceftazidime (30% and cefotaxime (6.8%. A high prevalence of multi-resistance was detected. Half (49.7% the strains showed resistance to three or more antibiotics and 28% were resistant to six antimicrobials or more. Also, cross-resistance between the beta-lactams (carbapenems and piperacilin/tazobactam and aminoglicosides and quinolones was between 22.9% and 38.1%. These drugs are commonly combined in the treatment of severe infections caused by Pseudomonas, which reflects the difficulty in choosing the appropriate option for combination therapy. CONCLUSIONS: The frequency of multidrug-resistant strains of P. aeruginosa in this study was similar to other hospitals in Brazil and higher than in other countries. In order to reduce the frequency of these multiresistant clones, epidemiologic surveillance and the rational use of antibiotic protocols need to be urgently implemented.

  12. Cavalcantis e cavalgados: a formação das alianças políticas em Pernambuco, 1817-1824

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    Marcus J. M. de Carvalho

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho discute o processo de Independência do Brasil na província de Pernambuco, onde federalistas e centralistas disputavam o poder, resultando na vitória da facção centralista.This paper dicusses the process of Brazilian Independence in the province of Pernambuco, where federalists and centralists struggled for preeminence, leading to the victory of the centralist faction.

  13. Evaluation of advanced oxidative processes in contaminated soil of the Pernambuco state; Avaliacao dos processos oxidativos avancados num solo contaminado do estado de Pernambuco

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Paula T.S. e [Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, PE (Brazil). Dept. de Quimica; Santos, Suenia S. [Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, PE (Brazil). Dept. de Engenharia Quimica; Barros Neto, Benicio de [Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, PE (Brazil). Dept. de Quimica Fundamental; Dorea, Haroldo S. [Universidade Federal de Sergipe (UFS), Aracaju, SE (Brazil); Motta Sobrinho, Mauricio A. da; Silva, Valdinete L. da [Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, PE (Brazil)

    2004-07-01

    In this work were used the following techniques of advanced oxidative processes: hydrogen peroxide, Fenton reagent and heterogeneous photocatalysis (TiO2). These processes have shown as an alternative technology to the treatment of some environmental matrices. The soil studied was contaminated by an oil mixture proceeding from an emptying in the patio of an industry of the state of Pernambuco. This soil has about 14,5 g/Kg of total organic carbon and 3400 mg/kg of TPH. Two planning factorial 23 were composed: one in relation to hydrogen peroxide and the other to titanium dioxide, in order to find the best conditions for the contaminant degradation. The variables and the studied levels for the former was: FeSO4 - 0,18 M (without, 4 and 8 ml); Adjustment of pH (3, without, without); Time of exposition to the sun (8h, 12h, 16h). The volumes of used peroxide in the assays were 80 and 40 ml. In relation to the second planning, were studied the following conditions: TiO2 (g) (without,5;0,75;1,0), volume H2O (0, 2,5 and 5 ml) and time of exposition to the sun (8, 40, 72h). In relation to the first planning a destruction of 84% of the oil was achieved. However, in relation to 2nd the planning non-significant degradation was obtained, and to study other conditions ought to be investigated. (author)

  14. Quality of raw milk produced in agreste region of Pernambuco, Brazil / Qualidade do leite cru produzido na região do agreste de Pernambuco, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márcia de Aguiar Ferreira Barros

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The poor quality of raw milk is the main problem in dairy industries, once it can directly interfere in the productivity and quality of dairy products. The Pernambuco is not different. located between the Zona da Mata and the Sertão regions, is responsible for a daily milk production of 980,000 liters, and presented an increase of 23% in the last two years. This study aimed the evaluation of the microbiological and physical-chemical quality of raw milk produced in the Agreste region of Pernambuco. Raw milk samples were collected from 53 dairy farms located at the following cities: Saloá, Águas Belas, São Bento do Una and Bom Conselho. For microbiological analysis, all samples were plated for mesophilic aerobes, total coliforms, Escherichia coli and DNase positive staphylococci in specific Petrifilm™ (3M Microbiology, St. Paul, USA. Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella spp. were detected using VIDAS system (bioMérieux SA, Marcy l'Etoile, France. Organophosphorade and carbamates were detected by thin layer chromatography. Fat, protein, and lactose contents, total and non-fat solids, and density were obtained by ultrasound method using am automatic milk analyzer (Boecolac-60, Boeco, Hamburg, Germany. In addition, the raw milk samples were evaluated to cryoscopic, California Mastitis Test (CMT, peroxidase, Dornic acidity and Ring-test to brucellosis status of herds. In microbiological analysis, all samples presented high counts of the researched indicators microorganisms. The average of mesophilic aerobes was 1.68 X 107 with 83% of samples over 106. Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella spp were not found, 47% of the samples were positive for organophosphates and/or carbamates, 67.9% of the samples were positive for CMT and 26.4% for ring test. Thus, only 2 (3.77% samples were accordance with the established parameters of Instrução Normativa 51.,P.A qualidade do leite é um dos maiores problemas da cadeia do leite no Brasil, interferindo

  15. Evapotranspiration of caupi beans culture in the Zona da Mata of Pernambuco State, Brazil; Evapotranspiracao da cultura do feijao caupi na zona da mata de Pernambuco

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bernardo, Ana Lucia; Antonino, Antonio Celso Dantas; Dall' Olio, Attilio [Pernambuco Univ., Recife, PE (Brazil). Dept. de Energia Nuclear; Carneiro, Clemente Jose Gusmao [Minas Gerais Univ., Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Dept. de Engenharia Nuclear

    1996-07-01

    A water balance experiment was carried out in a red-yellow podzolic soil of the Northern Zona da Mata region, in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil. Six 11 m x 3m plots were planted with the IPA-206 variety of caupi beans (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp), which was genetically modified at the IPA Research Center in order to improve its resistance to water stress. The experiments were performed in two different periods of the year, so that the influence of the amount of rainfall on the crop yield could be evaluated. Stored water and water potential gradient at the 0-90 cm depth layer, were measured through the use of neutron probes and mercury manometers, respectively. The dry season results a water stress throughout the growing cycle, resulting in a low yield (548 Kg/ha). In contrast, the large amount of rainfall that occurred during the wet season, was sufficient to avoid water stress to the plant root system, leading to a significant increase in the crop yield, (1014 kg/ha). The evapotranspiration component has been estimated as 3,57 mm/day and 4,07 mm/day, respectively. (author)

  16. Eficácia de intervenção com enoxaparina baseada em sistema de pontuação nos desfechos perinatais de gestantes com trombofilias Usefulness of a scoring system on perinatal outcomes in pregnant women with thrombophilia in the effectiveness of an enoxaparin-based intervention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernesto Antonio Figueiró-Filho

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar se a intervenção com heparina de baixo peso molecular (HBPM - enoxaparina sódica - foi eficaz na melhora dos desfechos perinatais de mulheres com trombofillias com base em sistema de pontuação. MÉTODOS: Estudo prospectivo, não randomizado, não controlado, realizado em um Ambulatório de Gestação de Alto Risco, durante o período de novembro de 2009 a novembro de 2011. Foram incluídas gestantes com diagnóstico e intervenção terapêutica para trombofilias adquiridas e/ou hereditárias na gestação atual. Os dados obstétricos e perinatais das gestantes anteriores à intervenção foram comparados com os desfechos subsequentes à intervenção, sendo analisados estatisticamente através do teste do χ², com correção de Yates, considerando significativos quando pPURPOSES: To assess whether an enoxaparin-based intervention using a score system was effective in improving perinatal outcome in women with thrombophilia. METHODS: Study Design: Prospective, not randomized, uncontrolled, performed at a Clinic of High-Risk Pregnancy from November 2009 to November 2011. We included women with a diagnosis and therapeutic intervention for thrombophilia acquired and/or inherited in the current pregnancy. The obstetric and perinatal outcomes of pregnant women before the intervention were compared with outcomes after the intervention, and statistically analyzed using the χ2 test with Yates correction, considered significant when p<0.05. The initial dose of low-molecular-weight Heparin (LMWH was guided by a scoring system based on the clinical and gestational history of the patients and screening tests for acquired and/or inherited thrombophilia. RESULTS: We included 84 pregnant women with 175 pregnancies before diagnosis, 20.0% of which resulted in fetal ou perinatal death, 40.0% resulted in abortion, 17.7% developed preeclampsia/eclampsia, 10.3% resulted in full-term births, and 29.7% in premature births. In the 84 pregnancies

  17. Aquisição dos fonemas fricativos coronais por crianças da região metropolitana do recife The acquisition of coronal fricatives by children of Recife's metropolitan region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Augusta de Andrade Cordeiro

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: investigar a aquisição das fricativas coronais por crianças de creches/escolas públicas da Região Metropolitana do Recife. MÉTODOS: 40 crianças frequentadoras de quatro creches/escolas, com idades entre 2 a 6 anos e 11 meses, sendo 20 do sexo masculino e 20 do sexo feminino. O instrumento utilizado foi constituído por figuras que visavam à nomeação de 83 palavras que possuíam os fonemas-alvos: /s/ (32, /z/ (11, /∫/ (21, /ℑ/ (19, selecionadas a partir das variáveis linguísticas tonicidade e estrutura silábica. As crianças foram divididas em 10 grupos, de acordo com a faixa etária. Considerou-se o percentual de 80% de produção como indicativo de aquisição do fonema-alvo. RESULTADOS: o início da produção das fricativas coronais deu-se na faixa etária de 2:0-2:5 anos. Observou-se que os fonemas /∫/, /ℑ/ e /z/ foram adquiridos aos 3:0-3:5 anos e o fonema /s/ aos 2:6-2:11 anos. Os processos fonológicos mais comumente encontrados foram substituição e omissão. Também foi observado com bastante frequência a troca semântica. CONCLUSÕES: a aquisição das fricativas coronais das crianças frequentadoras de escolas e creches públicas da Região Metropolitana do Recife ocorre mais tardiamente quando comparada à literatura nacional e sofre influência de variáveis linguísticas. É importante salientar que há uma diversidade linguística e sócio-cultural no território brasileiro, de forma que os dados observados em algumas regiões não são necessariamente correspondentes em todas as regiões do Brasil. Esse aspecto deve ser considerado em estudos que pretendem fixar parâmetros de avaliação fonológica, sobretudo se houver fins de diagnóstico de desvios fonológicos.PURPOSE: to investigate the acquisition of coronal fricatives by public county schools' children of Recife's metropolitan region. METHODS: 40 children from four schools with ages between 2 and 6 year and eleven month old, whereas 20

  18. Cytogenetic characterization of Eurysternus caribaeus (Coleoptera ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ... UPE-Universidade de Pernambuco, 50100-130, Recife, Brazil; Departamento de Morfologia, Instituto de Biociências, UNESP-Universidade Estadual Paulista, 18618-000, Botucatu, Brazil; Departamento de Botânica, Centro de Ciências Biológicas, UFPE-Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, 50670-420, Recife, Brazil ...

  19. Análise da metodologia de ensino de ciências nas escolas da rede municipal de Recife Análisis de la metodología de la enseñanza de ciencias en las escuelas de la red municipal de Recife, Brasil Analysis of science teaching methodology used by teachers from public schools in Recife, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kênio Erithon Cavalcante Lima

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available O professor de Ciências enfrenta uma série de desafios para superar limitações metodológicas e conceituais de formação em seu cotidiano escolar. Este trabalho buscou conhecer as principais dificuldades e metodologias de ensino de Ciências da rede pública municipal do Recife. Através de entrevista com 42 professores de 31 escolas, observamos que eles usam o livro didático como o recurso mais freqüente, diversificam suas estratégias de avaliação, e buscam, na medida do possível, desenvolver atividades extra-classe. Consideram como os assuntos mais difíceis de abordar os temas ligados à Física e Química, e como os assuntos que mais despertam a atenção de seus alunos os temas de Sexualidade e Meio Ambiente. Os professores citam o custo alto dos livros e revistas científicas e a falta de tempo como principais empecilhos para sua atualização pedagógica, e mantém fraca interação com universidades locais. Destaca-se a importância de uma educação continuada como mecanismo de atualização conceitual e metodológica.Los profesores de Ciencias enfrentan una serie de desafíos para superar limitaciones metodológicas y conceptuales de formación en su cotidiano profesional. Este estudio ha intentado conocer las principales dificultades y metodologías de enseñanza de las Ciencias de la red pública de la municipalidad de Recife, Brasil. A través de entrevistas con 42 profesores de 31 escuelas, observamos que ellos utilizan el libro didáctico como el recurso más frecuente, varían sus estrategias de evaluación y intentan, cuando es posible, desarrollar actividades extra clase. Ellos consideran como tópicos más difíciles la Química y la Física, mientras los que más despiertan interés del estudiante son aquellos relacionados al Medio Ambiente y la Sexualidad. Los profesores citan el elevado costo de libros y revistas científicas y la falta de tiempo como los mayores obstáculos para su actualización pedagógica y

  20. Estrutura de um fragmento florestal no Engenho Humaitá, Catende, Pernambuco, Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Guimarães,Francisco J. P.; Ferreira,Rinaldo L. C.; Marangon,Luiz C.; Silva,José A. A. da; Aparício,Perseu da S.; Alves Júnior,Francisco T.

    2009-01-01

    Avaliou-se, neste trabalho, a estrutura de um fragmento florestal antropizado denominado Mata das Galinhas, Engenho Humaitá, Catende, Pernambuco, e se utilizaram, para avaliar a composição florística e a estrutura fitossociológica, 14 parcelas de 10 x 25 m a fim de amostrar os indivíduos arbóreos com circunferência a 1,30 m do solo (CAP) ≥ 10 cm. Foram estimados, então, densidade, frequência e dominância e valor de importância (VI) e o índice de Shannon, além de registrados 438 indivídu...

  1. Molecular detection of Mycobacterium bovis in cattle herds of the state of Pernambuco, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cezar, Renata Duarte da Silva; Lucena-Silva, Norma; Filho, Antônio Fernando Barbosa Batista; Borges, Jonas de Melo; de Oliveira, Pollyane Raysa Fernandes; Lúcio, Érica Chaves; Arruda-Lima, Maíra; Santana, Vania Lucia de Assis; Pinheiro Junior, José Wilton

    2016-02-20

    The present study aimed to direct detect Mycobacterium bovis in milk (n = 401) and blood (n = 401) samples collected from 401 dairy cows of 20 properties located in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil, by real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) targeting the region of difference 4 (RD4). Risk factors possibly associated with bovine tuberculosis (BTB) were also evaluated. Of the 802 samples analyzed, one milk (0.25%) and eight blood (2%) samples were positive for M. bovis in the qPCR and their identities were confirmed by sequencing. Animals positive for M. bovis were found in six (30%) of the 20 properties visited. None of the risk factors evaluated were statistically associated with BTB. M. bovis DNA was detected in one milk sample what may pose a risk to public health because raw milk is commonly consumed in Brazil.

  2. Assessment of the implementation of the Leprosy Control Program in Camaragibe, Pernambuco State, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Souza, Monique Feitosa de; Vanderlei, Lygia Carmen de Moraes; Frias, Paulo Germano de

    2017-01-01

    to assess the implementation of the actions of the Leprosy Control Program in Camaragibe, Pernambuco State, Brazil. evaluative research with 'implementation analysis', based on criteria, indicators and parameters guided from the construction of the Logic Model; four components were assessed - management, health care, epidemiological surveillance, health education and communication -; direct observation/questionnaire was used, as well as data from the Information System for Notifiable Diseases. the implementation of the program was incipient (58.3%); the estimate for the components varied from 'not implemented' (health education and communication, 48.0%), 'incipient' (management, 53.3%; health care, 57.2%) to 'partially implemented' (epidemiological surveillance, 73.0%); in 2012, it was observed low proportion of examined contacts (28.4%), treatment dropout (34.1%), limited standardization of patient care flow, and poor resolution of problems by managers. the level of implementation found was related to the organization of services, with negative repercussions regarding the result indicators.

  3. Increased number of deaths during a chikungunya epidemic in Pernambuco, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brito, Carlos Alexandre Antunes de; Teixeira, Maria Glória

    2017-09-01

    In early 2016, it was suspected that there were more deaths in Pernambuco than in previous years during an epidemic of chikungunya. This study tested whether there was an increased number of deaths and, if so, whether this increase could be related to a chikungunya epidemic. Indeed, there was an increase of 4235 deaths in 2016 compared to the average of the four previous years, and the highest differences were found during the peak period of the epidemic. It was evident that not all of these deaths could be attributed to complications of chikungunya. However, considering the temporal overlap, some of these deaths may have been caused by the aggravation of pre-existing comorbidities or complications caused directly by chikungunya virus infection.

  4. Frequency of Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in bovines in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guerra, Neurisvan Ramos; Alves, Bruno Henrique Leal E Silva; Farias, Márcia Paula Oliveira; Mota, Rinaldo Aparecido; Alves, Leucio Câmara

    2014-01-01

    Toxoplasmosis is a parasitic disease caused by Toxoplasma gondii that affects homeothermic animals, including humans. Felines are considered the definitive host of this parasite, while other animals act as intermediate hosts. The purpose of this study was to assess the frequency of anti-T. gondii IgG antibodies in bovines in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. Serum samples (n = 427) from animals in 13 municipalities of the coastal forest/plantation region of the state were analyzed using the immunofluorescent antibody test (IFAT). The overall results revealed a prevalence rate of 16.63% (27/427). High percentages of positivity were found among animals aged 25 to 36 months (28.57%; 30/42) and in males (22.22%; 2/9). The present findings suggest that bovine toxoplasmosis is endemic in the area under study.

  5. Factors associated with glycemic control in people with diabetes at the Family Health Strategy in Pernambuco

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    Rodrigo Fonseca Lima

    Full Text Available Abstract OBJECTIVE Identifying factors associated with glycemic control in people with type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM registered in the Family Health Strategy (FHS in Pernambuco, Brazil. METHOD Associations between glycemic control (glycosylated hemoglobin A lower or equal to 7% presented by people with DM and variables related to sociodemographic conditions, lifestyle, characteristics of diabetes, treatment and follow-up of patients by health services were investigated by multiple regression. RESULTS More than 65% of the participants presented inadequate glycemic control, especially those with lower age, longer illness duration, more annual contacts with FHS and complex therapeutic regimen. People with DM without referrals to specialists presented greater glycemic control. Associations with education level and obesity did not remain significant in the multivariate model. CONCLUSION The evolution of diabetes hinders adequate control, however, attention to younger people with DM and referrals to specialists are factors that can improve glycemic control.

  6. Hospitalizations of children due to primary health care sensitive conditions in Pernambuco State, Northeast Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Carvalho, Suzana Costa; Mota, Eduardo; Dourado, Maria Inês Costa; Pereira, Rosana Aquino Guimarães; Teles, Carlos; Medina, Maria Guadalupe

    2015-01-01

    Analisaram-se as internações por condições sensíveis à atenção primária de 1999-2009 em crianças < 5 anos, em municípios de Pernambuco, Brasil. Com dados do SIH/SUS, aplicou-se regressão binomial negativa para estimar razão de taxas e IC95% do efeito sobre a taxa de internações por condições sensíveis à atenção primária(internações/10.000 habitantes) da cobertura %) do Programa Saúde da Família (PSF), variáveis demográficas e de condições de vida. Do total de 861.628 internações, 44,1...

  7. Ciclo de greves na agroindústria açucareira: Pernambuco, 1964 a 1968

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauro Guilherme Pinheiro Koury

    Full Text Available Este artigo faz uma revisão das greves rurais no setor da agroindústria açucareira da Zona da Mata Pernambuco, Brasil, no período pós-golpe militar de 1964 a 1968, com base em material documental, especialmente da fonte jornalística da época. Observando a composição do bloco no poder e as alianças estabelecidas entre setores políticos conservadores e o clero, o artigo explora a ambigüidade do papel dos sindicatos rurais da região, à época, que oscila entre um órgão de colaboração com o Estado autoritário e de representação dos interesses de classe dos trabalhadores rurais da região no pós-64.

  8. Isotope exchange kinetic of phosphorus in soils from Pernambuco State -Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Figueiredo, F.J.B. de.

    1989-12-01

    The applicability of isotopic exchange kinetics of 32 p to characterize phosphorus available to plants and to diagnose the reactivity of soil-fertilizer-P in six soils from Pernambuco is described. This methodology was compared with anion exchange resin, isotopic exchange equilibrium methods (E-value and L-value) and P absorption by plants. The first greenhouse experiment had the following treatments: 1) with P and, 2) with addition of 43.7 mg P/Kg of soil, incubated for O, 42 and 84 days before seeding. The kinetic of isotopic exchange (KIE), resin-P and E-value were determined before seeding and after harvesting pearl millet grown for 42 days. Results indicated that the KIE parameters rated the soils more efficiently, in terms of available P and soil-fertilizer-P reactivity, than resin-P, E-value and L-value. (author). 38 refs, 2 figs, 18 tabs

  9. [Pregnant women's perceptions of the Family Health Program concerning barriers to dental care in Pernambuco, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Albuquerque, Olga Maria Ramalho; Abegg, Claídes; Rodrigues, Cecile Soriano

    2004-01-01

    This study focused on barriers to dental care for pregnant women registered with the Health Family Program in Cabo de Santo Agostinho, Pernambuco, Brazil. A qualitative approach using three focal groups was adopted. Each focal group included four to nine pregnant women. The information was analyzed by means of content analysis. The main individual barriers were folk beliefs that discouraged dental care during pregnancy, lack of perceived need, and fear of pain. In addition, the women reported difficulties in leaving home in the early hours of the morning to meet a dental appointment, highlighting an aspect of barriers to dental care which has not been identified in other studies. The article concludes by emphasizing the importance of health education for pregnant women, humanization of dental care, and continuing education for health professionals.

  10. Frequency of Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in bovines in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neurisvan Ramos Guerra

    Full Text Available Toxoplasmosis is a parasitic disease caused by Toxoplasma gondii that affects homeothermic animals, including humans. Felines are considered the definitive host of this parasite, while other animals act as intermediate hosts. The purpose of this study was to assess the frequency of anti-T. gondii IgG antibodies in bovines in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. Serum samples (n = 427 from animals in 13 municipalities of the coastal forest/plantation region of the state were analyzed using the immunofluorescent antibody test (IFAT. The overall results revealed a prevalence rate of 16.63% (27/427. High percentages of positivity were found among animals aged 25 to 36 months (28.57%; 30/42 and in males (22.22%; 2/9. The present findings suggest that bovine toxoplasmosis is endemic in the area under study.

  11. Brazil Geologic Basic Survey Program - Limoeiro - Sheet SB.25-Y-C-V -Pernambuco State

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Barbosa, A.G.

    1991-01-01

    The Limoeiro map-sheet (SB.25-Y-C-V;1:100,000 scale), State of Pernambuco is delimited by the meridians 35 0 00'W to 35 0 30' W and parallels 7 0 30' S to 8 0 00' S. The sheet covers an area of about 3,000 km 2 . The basement rocks probable Archaean age consist of gneiss and migmatite. The basement rocks are overlain by Lower Proterozoic metasediments (schist and para gneiss), locally with flows (amphibolite), metamorphosed in the middle to high amphibolite facies. Geochemical surveys including stream sediment sampling and rock chip sampling were carried out. Ground geophysics included magnetometer, gravity and radiometric (scintillometer) surveys. A provisional metallogenetic map at 1:100,000 scale was prepared on which areas with potential for economic deposits of gold, apatite, barium copper, nickel, cobalt, zinc, niobium, iron, titanium and vanadium are shown. (author)

  12. Wind energy assessment and wind farm simulation in Triunfo - Pernambuco, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lima, Laerte; Filho, Celso

    2010-09-15

    The Triunfo wind's characterization, in Pernambuco state, situated in Brazilian northeast, and wind power potential assessment study shows a average wind speed of 11.27 m / s, predominant Southeast wind direction, average wind power density of 1672 W/m2 and Weibull parameters shape and scale equal to 2,0 and 12,7 m/s. The wind farm was simulated by using 850kW wind turbines (total of 20MW). The simulated shows AEP of 111,4 GWh, Cf of 62% and 5462 hours of operation by year. The economical simulated results, shows Pay-back of 3 years, TIR = 47% and VAN = 85.506kEuro booths @ 20 years time period.

  13. Representations of the Black in school reading books in primary schools of Pernambuco (1843-1897

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adlene Silva Arantes

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The present study aims to investigate images and representations of the Black conveyed in reading textbooks circulating in the primary schools of Pernambuco state in the Nineteenth Century. The research was guided by assumptions of the New Cultural History, History of the Book, and Reading History. We used as main sources of research reading textbooks used in primary schools of the period studied. We used as additional sources opinions on textbooks, reports of public education, and educational legislation. We found that the books showed the Black as inferior and uncivilized, and even when they were regarded as heroes such as Zumbi and Henrique Dias, the color of their skin interfered with their heroism.

  14. First report of schistosomiasis on Serrambi beach, Ipojuca, State of Pernambuco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Verônica Santos Barbosa

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: INTRODUCTION : The expansion of schistosomiasis to previously unaffected areas is being monitored by identifying new cases and georeferencing outbreaks of vector snails. METHODS : In 2014, the Laboratório de Esquistossomose began an epidemiological survey in Serrambi and registered 2,574 people living there. RESULTS : Of these subjects, 1,414 (54.9% underwent feces examination and 63 (4.5% were diagnosed with Schistosoma mansoni infection. At this locality, seven breeding sites each were identified for Biomphalaria straminea and Biomphalaria glabrata. At two sites, B. glabrata were shedding cercariae. CONCLUSIONS : Implementing preventive measures is necessary to avoid the establishment of schistosomiasis in yet another tourist locality, Pernambuco.

  15. OS VIVOS, OS MORTOS E A POLÍTICA NO SERTÃO DE PERNAMBUCO

    OpenAIRE

    Villela, Jorge Mattar

    2015-01-01

    Pretendo mostrar neste artigo alguns modos pelos quais os mortos são chamados a interferir na vida e em alguns aspectos centrais da vida cotidiana em três municípios situados no sertão de Pernambuco. A principal contribuição desta etnografia é a de procurar demonstrar que a mnemotecnia familiar e genealógica, os mortos, a política e a família são capazes de estabelecer história política e municipal e criar uma forma-Estado específica. Through an analysis of ethnography from three municipal...

  16. 10-year epidemiological profile changes for cervical and endometrial cancer patients treated by radiotherapy in the Pernambuco state, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cantinha, Rebeca S.; Santos, Mariana L.O.; Franca, Elvis J., E-mail: ejfranca@yahoo.com.br, E-mail: marianasantos_ufpe@hotmail.com, E-mail: rebecanuclear@gmail.com [Centro Regional de Ciencias Nucleares do Nordeste (CRCN-NE/CNEN-PE), Recife, PE (Brazil); Pessoa, Juanna G.; Melo, Ana M.M.A.; Amancio, Francisco F., E-mail: amdemelo@hotmail.com, E-mail: amanciobike@gmail.com, E-mail: juannapessoa@gmail.com, E-mail: marianasantos_ufpe@hotmail.com [Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, PE (Brazil). Departamento de Biofisica e Radiobiologia; Oliveira Neto, Aristides M.; Melo, Jonathan A., E-mail: aristidesoliveira466@hotmail.com, E-mail: jonathan@truenet.com.br [Centro de Radioterapia de Pernambuco (CERAPE), Santo Amaro, PE (Brazil)

    2014-07-01

    Cancer is a worldwide public health problem, its prevention and control are included within 16 strategic objectives of the Brazilian Ministry of Health for the period 2011-2015. Cervical cancer is the fourth most common tumor in the female population, being new 15,590 cases estimated for 2014 according to the Brazilian National Cancer Institute (INCA). Pernambuco is the fifth state with the highest number of cases of cervical cancer and the seventh in cases of endometrial ones, both estimative for 2014. The understanding of the epidemiological profile of these pathologies corroborates strategies for prevention, control and treatment. As Pernambuco has implemented the radiotherapy for cancer treatment since 1998-1999, this work encompassed the comparison of the 1998-1999 epidemiological profile of patients treated by radiotherapy for cervical and endometrial cancer in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil, with 2008-2009 profile - ten years after. Medical record of 490 patients treated at the Center of Radiotherapy of Pernambuco (CERAPE) were compiled according to the patient origin, the affected uterus region, the staging of disease, the type and cell differentiation of the tumor, the age group, and, finally, the realization of hysterectomy as part of the treatment. More than 90% of the patients were affected by cervical cancer in the two investigated periods. For the interval of 1998-1999 the proportion of patients submitted to hysterectomy was quite higher compared to those after ten years. The results also showed a change in the origin of the patients, in which, in 1999, most of the patients were from the capital and the metropolitan area, while, after ten years, patients were mostly from the interior of the State. There was a predominance of squamous cell type tumors in both periods evaluated. For the 1998-1999 interval, tumors were stage 2, moderately differentiated type. Differently, the tumors were mostly stage 3, not differentiated type, for the 2008-2009 period

  17. 10-year epidemiological profile changes for cervical and endometrial cancer patients treated by radiotherapy in the Pernambuco state, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cantinha, Rebeca S.; Santos, Mariana L.O.; Franca, Elvis J.; Pessoa, Juanna G.; Melo, Ana M.M.A.; Amancio, Francisco F.

    2014-01-01

    Cancer is a worldwide public health problem, its prevention and control are included within 16 strategic objectives of the Brazilian Ministry of Health for the period 2011-2015. Cervical cancer is the fourth most common tumor in the female population, being new 15,590 cases estimated for 2014 according to the Brazilian National Cancer Institute (INCA). Pernambuco is the fifth state with the highest number of cases of cervical cancer and the seventh in cases of endometrial ones, both estimative for 2014. The understanding of the epidemiological profile of these pathologies corroborates strategies for prevention, control and treatment. As Pernambuco has implemented the radiotherapy for cancer treatment since 1998-1999, this work encompassed the comparison of the 1998-1999 epidemiological profile of patients treated by radiotherapy for cervical and endometrial cancer in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil, with 2008-2009 profile - ten years after. Medical record of 490 patients treated at the Center of Radiotherapy of Pernambuco (CERAPE) were compiled according to the patient origin, the affected uterus region, the staging of disease, the type and cell differentiation of the tumor, the age group, and, finally, the realization of hysterectomy as part of the treatment. More than 90% of the patients were affected by cervical cancer in the two investigated periods. For the interval of 1998-1999 the proportion of patients submitted to hysterectomy was quite higher compared to those after ten years. The results also showed a change in the origin of the patients, in which, in 1999, most of the patients were from the capital and the metropolitan area, while, after ten years, patients were mostly from the interior of the State. There was a predominance of squamous cell type tumors in both periods evaluated. For the 1998-1999 interval, tumors were stage 2, moderately differentiated type. Differently, the tumors were mostly stage 3, not differentiated type, for the 2008-2009 period

  18. Prevalence and associated risk factors for bovine brucellosis in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erivânia Camelo de Almeida

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This study was conducted to characterize the epidemiology of bovine brucellosis in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. The state was divided into three regions, and in each region, approximately 300 properties were randomly sampled. From these selected properties, a pre-established number of animals were randomly selected and blood serum samples were obtained. A total of 3,901 animals were selected from 900 properties. For each selected property, an epidemiological questionnaire was administered to assess the type of farming, the animal husbandry practices and the sanitary practices that could be associated with the presence of brucellosis infection. The testing protocol consisted of screening the samples with a buffered acidified plate antigen test and retesting the positive samples with a complement fixation test (CF. One positive animal was enough to define an infected herd. The prevalence rates of infected herds and animals in the state were 4.5% [3.2; 6.4%] and 1.4% [0.7; 2.7%], respectively. By region, the prevalence rates of infected herds and animals, respectively, were as follows: Zona da Mata, 3.3% [1.8; 6.1%] and 1.7% [0.5; 3.0%]; Agreste, 7.4% [4.9; 10.9%] and 1.9% [0.8; 3.0%]; and Sertão, 1.3% [0.5; 3.5%] and 0.7% [0.0; 1.6%]. Flooded pastures (OR = 2.86 [1.37; 6.42] and the presence of 13 or more females in the herd (3rd quartile (OR = 2.65 [1.19; 5.89] were identified as risk factors. The existence of veterinary care emerged as a protective factor against bovine brucellosis in the state of Pernambuco (OR = 0.24 [0.10; 0.58].

  19. O dinheiro e suas diversas faces nas eleições municipais em Pernambuco

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    Jorge Mattar Villela

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available O artigo pretende mostrar como o dinheiro utilizado nas eleições municipais no Sertão de Pernambuco atua com um desterritorializador das relações sociais previamente existentes, ainda que apenas em alguns casos. Ele é um signo de mercantilização do processo eleitoral que encerra em si mesmo as transações de longo prazo envolvendo o empenho da palavra, das promessas e dos blocos de dívida e crédito, tanto de eleitores quanto de candidatos. Mas o dinheiro em sua forma pura pode ser desmonetarizado pelas próprias relações de dívida e crédito no interior da circulação de recursos-voto por recursos-favor. Por outro lado, bens e serviços que implicam apenas indiretamente o dinheiro podem sofrer um processo de monetarização, dependendo da forma como são aplicados.The article aims to show how the money used in the municipal elections in the Pernambuco Outback acts as a deterritorializor of previously existing social relations, albeit in a few cases only. It is a sign of commercializing the electoral process which encompasses the long-term processes involving the pledges, promises and blocks of debt and credit, both those of voters and candidates. But money in its pure form may be demonetarized through the relations of debt and credit themselves within the circulation of voting-resources by favour-resources. On the other hand, goods and services which only indirectly involve money may become monetarized, depending on the form in which they are applied.

  20. Concentration of thorium and uranium in the ecosystem of Atlantic Forest (Mata Atlantica) of Pernambuco state

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ferreira, Fabiano S.; Silva, Waldecy A.; Lira, Marcelo B.G.; Souza, Ebenezer M. de; França, Elvis de

    2017-01-01

    Thorium (Th) and Uranium (U) are distributed throughout the earth's crust. The mean thorium concentration ranges from 6 to 15 ppm, which makes it 3 times more abundant than uranium. These radionuclides in their natural form, and in low amounts, do not present a risk to the population because they have low activity, but the effects caused by the accumulation in living beings have not yet been fully elucidated. This work aims to evaluate the concentration of Th and U in the soils of an excerpt in the Atlantic Forest in the State of Pernambuco. Soil sampling (depth 0-20 cm) occurred in the projection of tree crowns of the predominant species in the studied areas. After drying and comminution, samples of 0.1 g of soil were submitted to chemical treatment to enable the analysis. This treatment consisted in the addition of 9 ml of HNO 3 (nitric acid) and 3 ml of HF (hydrofluoric acid) with subsequent heating of the sample and reference materials in a digester oven. The concentrations of Th and U were quantified by Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry - ICP-MS. The mean concentrations found were: 10.5 mg kg -1 for thorium and 2.18 mg.kg -1 for uranium, with values of 35 mg.kg -1 and 26 mg.kg -1 quantified in a thorium sample and uranium respectively. In this region, uranium and thorium hotspot were found, which reinforces the need for greater attention to these radionuclides in the Atlantic Forest of the State of Pernambuco

  1. Fatores de risco para poliparasitismo intestinal em uma comunidade indígena de Pernambuco, Brasil

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    Annick Fontbonne

    2001-03-01

    Full Text Available No perfil etnoepidemiológico da comunidade dos Índios Pankararus - interior do Estado de Pernambuco -, as parasitoses intestinais representam importante problema de saúde pública, por atingir a quase totalidade da população. A fim de conhecer possíveis fatores de risco ambientais deste quadro, utilizou-se parte da base de dados do inquérito original para relacionar as condições de moradia ao número de parasitas diferentes verificado entre seus moradores. Com base na seleção da quantidade de exames coprológicos efetuados entre as pessoas da família, a amostra para análise contou 84 famílias dentre as 112 da amostra aleatória original. Para o número médio de 6,1 pessoas por família, constatou-se que o de parasitas diferentes presentes no lar era 5,0, número crescente quando a casa era de taipa (6,0 contra 4,9 para as de alvenaria; p < 0,03, ou a água usada na moradia não era tratada (5,1 contra 4,5 para água tratada; p < 0,05. Outros fatores que caracterizam a moradia e sua higiene não parecem influenciar o número médio de parasitas na casa. Conclui-se que o poliparasitismo nos Índios Pankararus de Pernambuco chega a representar a regra e está referido sobretudo às fontes de água de beber e ao seu tratamento.

  2. Fatores de risco para poliparasitismo intestinal em uma comunidade indígena de Pernambuco, Brasil

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    Fontbonne Annick

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available No perfil etnoepidemiológico da comunidade dos Índios Pankararus - interior do Estado de Pernambuco -, as parasitoses intestinais representam importante problema de saúde pública, por atingir a quase totalidade da população. A fim de conhecer possíveis fatores de risco ambientais deste quadro, utilizou-se parte da base de dados do inquérito original para relacionar as condições de moradia ao número de parasitas diferentes verificado entre seus moradores. Com base na seleção da quantidade de exames coprológicos efetuados entre as pessoas da família, a amostra para análise contou 84 famílias dentre as 112 da amostra aleatória original. Para o número médio de 6,1 pessoas por família, constatou-se que o de parasitas diferentes presentes no lar era 5,0, número crescente quando a casa era de taipa (6,0 contra 4,9 para as de alvenaria; p < 0,03, ou a água usada na moradia não era tratada (5,1 contra 4,5 para água tratada; p < 0,05. Outros fatores que caracterizam a moradia e sua higiene não parecem influenciar o número médio de parasitas na casa. Conclui-se que o poliparasitismo nos Índios Pankararus de Pernambuco chega a representar a regra e está referido sobretudo às fontes de água de beber e ao seu tratamento.

  3. Ecoepidemiologia da esquistossomose urbana na ilha de Itamaracá, Estado de Pernambuco

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    Barbosa Constança Simões

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: Em 1988, 22 casos autóctones de esquistossomose foram registrados na Praia do Forte Orange, ilha de Itamaracá, Pernambuco. Todos os casos ocorreram em indivíduos de classe média/alta que veraneavam na ilha. Foi realizado estudo com o objetivo de identificar e caracterizar criadouros/focos de vetores da esquistossomose na localidade, correlacionando os determinantes biológicos da doença com o contexto ambiental da sua ocorrência. MÉTODOS: Foram levantados dados secundários para resgatar as características ambientais da área antes da ocupação humana. O inquérito malacológico teve a duração de um ano com mapeamento da área, coleta mensal e exame dos moluscos. RESULTADOS/CONCLUSÕES: Em 1 km de extensão da praia, foram identificados 20 criadouros e demarcadas 28 estações de coleta. Os resultados mostram a variação mensal da densidade populacional de moluscos e das taxas de infecção, correlacionados com sazonalidade e tipos de criadouros. Destaca-se a importância desse novo perfil epidemiológico da esquistossomose em Pernambuco, relacionando o modo de ocupação daquele espaço com o estabelecimento de sítios de transmissão ativa da esquistossomose.

  4. Assessment of transplacental transmission of Neospora caninum in dairy cattle in the Agreste region of Pernambuco

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    Inalda Angélica de Souza Ramos

    Full Text Available Abstract The transplacental transmission is the primary route of Neospora caninum infection in bovine herds around the world. This study aimed to determine the frequency of transplacental transmission of the parasite in dairy cattle of Agreste region of Pernambuco through serological tests (IFAT and ELISA. Three hundred sixteen serum samples from cows and heifers and their offspring were analyzed. The transplacental transmission rate was 72.22% (13/18 for cows and 69.23% (9/13 for heifers by IFAT. ELISA test showed transplacental transmission rate of 43.58% (17/39 for cows and 50% (9/18 for heifers. The transplacental transmission rates were similar, in both groups in test, but a higher seropositivity was found in cows by IFAT. Data were statistically analyzed using the chi-square and Fisher’s exact test. A significant relationship of dependence between seropositivity of mothers and their offspring was found. The more frequent IFAT antibody titers and ELISA levels for N. caninum were, respectively, 200 and between four (cows and five (heifers and offspring. In the Spearman correlation, no association was found between the magnitude of antibody titers for N. caninum between mothers and their offspring. The kappa test showed an index of 0.35, indicating a mild correlation between the serological tests used. The study suggests that cows and heifers are the main transmitters of N. caninum in the studied region and that vertical transmission is the major form of transmission in dairy herds of the Agreste region of Pernambuco.

  5. Loss of genetic diversity in Culex quinquefasciatus targeted by a lymphatic filariasis vector control program in Recife, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cartaxo, Marina F S; Ayres, Constância F J; Weetman, David

    2011-09-01

    Recife is one of the largest cities in north-eastern Brazil and is endemic for lymphatic filariasis transmitted by Culex quinquefasciatus. Since 2003 a control program has targeted mosquito larvae by elimination of breeding sites and bimonthly application of Bacillus sphaericus. To assess the impact of this program on the local vector population we monitored the genetic diversity and differentiation of Cx. quinquefasciatus using microsatellites and a B. sphaericus-resistance associated mutation (cqm1(REC)) over a 3-year period. We detected a significant but gradual decline in allelic diversity, which, coupled with subtle temporal genetic structure, suggests a major impact of the control program on the vector population. Selection on cqm1(REC) does not appear to be involved with loss of neutral diversity from the population, with no temporal trend in resistant allele frequency and no correlation with microsatellite differentiation. The evidence for short-term genetic drift we detected suggests a low ratio of effective population size: census population size for Cx. quinquefasciatus, perhaps coupled with strong geographically-restricted population structure. Spatial definition of populations will be an important step for success of an expanded vector control program. Copyright © 2011 Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Axé, práticas corporais e Aids nas religiões africanistas do Recife, Brasil

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    Luis Felipe Rios

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa as respostas das religiões afro-brasileiras à epidemia de Aids no Recife, considerando a estrutura simbólica religiosa. Baseando-se em observações participantes e em entrevistas em profundidade realizadas com líderes religiosos afro-brasileiros e técnicos de saúde pública e de ONG, destaca a importância do "axé", a categoria nativa utilizada para pensar os eventos corporais, para entender a história da Aids nessa comunidade religiosa. Axé é energia mística, vitalidade corporal. Ele é manipulado em rituais religiosos e simbolicamente associado a sangue, suor e sêmen. Nos tempos de HIV, os rituais de escarificação corporais e a troca de fluidos durante as transações sexuais, formas para a circulação do axé e elementos-chave para o cultivo deste, também se tornam meio para a transmissão do HIV. Esses elementos foram o foco do diálogo entre as instituições religiosas e o sistema de saúde pública, um processo que gerou mudanças nas práticas religiosas de regulação da reprodução social e da vida sexual dos adeptos.

  7. Lixiviação de naftaleno em solos urbanos da região metropolitana do Recife, PE

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    André Inácio do Carmo

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Os principais atributos edáficos relacionados com a lixiviação de naftaleno nos solos consistem na granulometria, no teor de matéria orgânica e na composição mineralógica das frações silte e argila. Este trabalho objetivou determinar os valores da dispersão e do retardamento do naftaleno em amostras de solos coletadas nas proximidades de tanques de armazenamento de combustíveis localizados em Recife, PE. Os experimentos de lixiviação foram realizados em colunas contendo amostras deformadas e foram modelados usando a equação de convecção-dispersão, que foi ajustada aos dados experimentais com o emprego do software CXTFIT 2.0. Os resultados indicaram que solos arenosos oferecem menor resistência à lixiviação de naftaleno e que a presença de goethita, juntamente com a matéria orgânica, é possivelmente o principal fator responsável pelo retardamento do transporte desse composto no conjunto de amostras estudadas.

  8. Environmental Diagnosis of Permanent Preservation Areas (APP of the Capibaribe River in the city of Recife – PE

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    Ana Paula Xavier de Gondra Bezerra

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The Permanent Preservation Areas (APP is critical in the preservation of water resources, highlighting the quality of waterways and maintenance of its volume. However, urban sprawl and the lack of public policies produce undesirable consequences for the population of the deforested region and for the part of the basin that is fed by these waters. In this context, this study aimed to analyze the environmental impacts that enhance the degradation of the river Capibaribe APP, located in Recife. They were predetermined two points (Joana Bezerra and rabbits neighborhood in which it identified the on-site impact and made a qualitative analysis of areas. It was observed that the chosen points are with APP well below what is determined by the existing laws, in most cases, they are the result of human activities. The release of solid waste and organic matter in these areas leverage the APP degradation, directly affecting the physical and biological characteristics of rivers. Thus, the implementation of awareness programs is critical to population and also an effective surveillance system to combat the impact of permanent preservation areas.

  9. [Descriptive study of homophobia and vulnerability to HIV/AIDS of the transvestites in the Metropolitan Region of Recife, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Sousa, Patricia Juliana; Ferreira, Luiz Oscar Cardoso; de Sá, Janilson Barros

    2013-08-01

    This study sought to ascertain the vulnerabilities to HIV/Aids of transvestites of the Metropolitan Region of Recife. The Respondent-Driven Sampling (RDS) method was selected for data collection. Among the 110 transvestites, high indices of homophobia were found in locations such as: security services, work facilities, family and religious environments, neighborhood, school, stores, leisure spaces, and healthcare services. Among the situations of violence experienced, the predominant cases involved verbal aggression (81.8%) and physical aggression (68.2%). The HIV test carried out at some stage in their lives was reported by 84.4% of the subjects. A high level of knowledge of the forms of HIV prevention and transmission was detected. The majority of the transvestites began their sexual activity before 15 years of age without condom use. It was seen that in the context of the HIV/Aids epidemic, the strategies for health promotion can only be effective if factors for enhancing the understanding of the vulnerability to HIV/Aids, such as homophobia, are considered.

  10. "Frango com frango é coisa de paulista”: erotismo, deslocamentos e homossexualidade entre Recife e São Paulo

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    Isadora Lins França

    Full Text Available Neste artigo, desenvolvo uma reflexão explorando possíveis articulações entre trânsitos, itinerários, homossexualidade masculina, desejo e marcadores sociais da diferença. Analiso a produção discursiva de sentidos de lugar relacionados ao Recife e a São Paulo a partir de pesquisa etnográfica com homens que se relacionam afetivo-sexualmente com outros homens nas duas cidades - e transitam entre elas - buscando compreender como nesse processo articulam-se convenções de gênero e sexualidade, noções de brasilidade e regionalidade e sistemas de classificação relacionados à homossexualidade. Ao mesmo tempo, tematizo tensões envolvendo relações em que a diferença - de classe social, cor/raça, geração, gênero, regionalidade e sexualidade - atua como motor do desejo entre esses homens, compondo roteiros que mesclam trocas afetivas, sexuais e materiais de variadas ordens, e em que certa dose de risco parece estar implicada.

  11. Interação genótipo x ciclos de colheita de cana-de-açúcar da Zona da Mata Norte de Pernambuco Sugarcane genotype x harvest cycles interaction in Zona da Mata Norte of Pernambuco

    OpenAIRE

    Luiz José Oliveira Tavares de Melo; Francisco José de Oliveira; Gerson Quirino Bastos; Clodoaldo José da Anunciação Filho; Odemar Vicente dos Reis

    2006-01-01

    Este trabalho teve por objetivo estudar, na Região da Mata Norte de Pernambuco, o desempenho de clones RB da série 94 de cana-de-açúcar da Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco (UFRPE) quanto à produtividade agroindustrial, bem como avaliar as interações genótipo x ambiente e analisar a magnitude de alguns parâmetros genéticos. Os trabalhos experimentais foram desenvolvidos durante as safras agrícolas de 1999/2000, 2000/2001, 2001/2002 e 2002/2003, em área agrícola da Usina Olho D'Água, lo...

  12. Ocorrência de Cryptosporidium spp. e outros parasitas em hortaliças consumidas in natura, no Recife Occurrence of Cryptosporidium spp. and others parasites in vegetables consumed in natura, Recife, Brazil

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    Celiane Gomes Maia da Silva

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar a ocorrência de enteroparasitas em hortaliças comercializadas e consumidas em Pernambuco. Foram utilizadas 100 amostras de hortaliças: 40 amostras de alface lisa (Lactuca sativa, 40 de agrião (Nasturtium officinale e 20 de acelga (Beta vulgaris, provenientes de feiras livres e supermercados. A detecção de Cryptosporidium spp. foi realizada conforme Monge e Arias sendo utilizado dois métodos de coloração, Koster modificado e Ziehl-Nielsen. Foi usada a técnica de sedimentação espontânea de Gelli et al. para a análise parasitológica. As análises de coliformes totais e Escherichia coli foram realizadas de acordo com Andrews. Os resultados obtidos mostraram um percentual de contaminação parasitária em 60% de alface, 30% de agrião e 20% de acelga, destacando-se o Ascaris lumbricoides, Strongyloides stercoralis e Ancylostoma duodenale dentre os helmintos, e o Cryptosporidium spp., Entamoeba coli e o complexo Entamoeba histolytica/Entamoeba díspar, dentre os protozoários com maior freqüência. As hortaliças mais contaminadas por coliformes totais e Escherichia coli foram alface nas amostras de supermercado e agrião em feira livre. Esses dados sugerem a necessidade da adoção de medidas educativas aos produtores, e do monitoramento das águas destinadas à irrigação das hortas.The study was carried with the aim to evaluate the occurrence of enteroparasites in vegetables commercialized and consumed in natural form in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. Horticultural samples purchased from supermarket and free market: 40 from lettuce (Lactuca sativa, 40 from watercress (Nasturtium officinale and 20 from chard (Beta vulgaris were analyzed. Cryptosporidium spp. detection was realized following Monge and Arias methodology, using two staining processes (Koster modified and Ziehl-Nielsen. Parasitological analysis was determined by the spontaneous sedimentation technique (Gelli et al., and total

  13. Profile of work-related road traffic accident victims recorded by sentinel health units in Pernambuco, Brazil, 2012-2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Souto, Caroline Cordeiro; Reis, Flávia Karina Wanderley; Bertolini, Raphaella Patrícia Torres; Lins, Rosimeiry Santos de Melo Almeida; Souza, Sandra Luzia Barbosa de

    2016-01-01

    to describe the profile of work-related road traffic accident (RTA) victims, reported by Road Traffic Accident Information Sentinel Units in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil, from 2012-2014. descriptive study of fatal and non-fatal work-related road traffic accident victims, reported by 21 RTA Information Sentinel Units in Pernambuco. 87.8% of the 10,691 cases reported occurred among males; 69.0% of all records were related to the 20-39 age group; the sectors with most injured workers were Transport (24.4%) and Trade (21.3%); most of the victims were drivers (82.0%) and motorcycles were the most frequent vehicle at the time of the accident (77.0%). victims were predominantly young male motorcyclists; findings may serve to inform intersectoral actions to prevent work-related RTAs, appropriate to the profile of the victims.

  14. Apocynaceae tóxicas e medicinais ocorrentes nos Estados de Pernambuco e Paraíba, Brasil

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    Maria Dulce Belo de Moura

    1989-01-01

    Full Text Available É apresentada uma lista de 37 espécies da família Apocynaceae de Pernambuco e da Paraíba, Brasil, pela análise de dados da literatura e dos exemplares existentes nos herbários destes Estados. São fornecidas informações etnofarmacológicas de 14 espécies, bem como uma lista dos constituintes com atividades farmacológicas de 12 espécies.In this paper are listed 37 Apocynaceae species from Pernambuco and Paraiba, Brazil. The informations were obtained from herbarium sheets. Ethnopharmacological uses of 14 species and the results of a literature review are also reported. Medical uses, known constituents and pharmalogical are presented for 12 species.

  15. Economia e agropecuária na microrregião de Salgueiro em Pernambuco | Economy and agriculture in the microrregion Salgueiro in Pernambuco - Brazil

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    Renato de Oliveira Coelho

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO: A microrregião Salgueiro possui condições adversar ao ser comparado a maioria das cidades brasileiras. Possui temperatura alta, precipitação e umidade relativa baixa. Devido a estes fatores, o grande problema da região é o acesso à água, que por muitas vezes é escassa até mesmo para as necessidades mais básicas dos seus habitantes. Objetiva-se nesse trabalho fazer uma análise do desenvolvimento da microrregião com base nos dados obtidos de cada um dos sete municípios. A microrregião Salgueiro está situada na zona fisiográfica do Sertão no estado de Pernambuco, localizada nas coordenadas geográficas 8° 4′ 3″ Sul, 39° 7′ 27″ Oeste. O trabalho foi realizado a partir de dados dos Censos Demográficos de 1991 (IBGE, 1992, 2000 (IBGE, 2001 e 2010 (IBGE 2011, e Censos Agropecuários de 1975 (IBGE, 1976, 1985 (IBGE, 1986, 1995 (IBGE, 1996 e 2005 (IBGE 2006 e do Banco de Dados. Realizaram-se análises de dados referentes à população, índice de desenvolvimento humano, renda per capita, pecuária, estruturas fundiárias, agricultura, tipos de lavouras, equipamentos agrícolas e recursos edáficos. Dentre os municípios estudados, Salgueiro e Cedro, apresentaram os maiores índices de desenvolvimento, enquanto Mirandiba apresentou os menores. O elevado desenvolvimento de Salgueiro pode ser atribuído à agricultura, pecuária e sua localização. ABSTRACT: The micro region Salgueiro has adversar conditions be compared to most brazilian cities. It has high temperature, humidity and rainfall relative low. Due to these factors, the great problem of region is the access to water, that in many times and scarce even for as basic needs more their of the inhabitants. The objective is to this work make a analysis in the development in micro region Salgueiro based nos of data obtained each of the seven municipalities. The micro region is situated in the physiographic area of Sertão in state of Pernambuco, located in the

  16. Mesozooplâncton do sistema estuarino de Barra das Jangadas, Pernambuco, Brasil Mesozooplankton of the estuarine system of Barra das Jangadas, Pernambuco, Brazil

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    Eliane A. H. Cavalcanti

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Estudos sobre o mesozooplâncton foram realizados no sistema estuarino de Barra das Jangadas, Pernambuco, Brasil (8º14'36"S, 34º56'28"W visando analisar a estrutura da comunidade. As amostras foram obtidas com rede de plâncton, com malha de 300 µm, durante os períodos, seco (janeiro/2001 e chuvoso (julho/2001, nas marés de sizígia e de quadratura, em intervalos de três horas. Foram identificados 37 taxa, destacando-se Copepoda com as espécies Pseudodiaptomus acutus (F. Dahl, 1894, Pseudodiaptomus richardi (F. Dahl, 1894, Acartia lilljeborgi (Giesbrecht, 1892, Parvocalanus crassirostris (Dahl, 1894, Oithona hebes (Santos, 1973 e Notodiaptomus cearensis Wright, 1936. A densidade total durante o período seco variou de 69,34 a 8.568,34 org.m-3. Para o período chuvoso variou de 261,98 a 10.224,83 org.m-3. Os Crustacea meroplanctônicos (Brachyura zoea foram muito freqüentes e muito abundantes, destacando seu importante papel na cadeia trófica pelágica. A diversidade específica durante o período seco, variou de 0,44 a 3,13 bits.ind-1, e para o período chuvoso de 0,66 a 2,93 bits.ind-1. Os baixos valores de diversidade ocorreram devido à dominância de Brachyura (zoea. A análise de agrupamento revelou a formação de dois grupos. O primeiro formado por espécies marinhas e euri-halinas, e o segundo por espécies indicadoras de ambientes estuarinos.Mesozooplankton studies were carried out at the Barra das Jangadas estuarine system, Pernambuco, Brazil (8º14'36"S, 34º56'28"W, to assess its community structure. Samples were collected with a plankton net (300 µm mesh size during the dry (January, 2001 and rainy (July, 2001 seasons, with three hour intervals between each sampling, both in spring and neap tides. Thirty seven mesozooplankton taxa were identified, from which Copepoda were particularly abundant, including the species Pseudodiaptomus acutus (F. Dahl, 1894, Peudodiaptomus richardi (F. Dahl, 1894, Acartia lilljeborgi

  17. Ocorrência de paratuberculose em búfalos (Bubalus bubalis em Pernambuco Occurrence of paratuberculosis in buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis in Pernambuco

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    Rinaldo A. Mota

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available A paratuberculose (doença de Johne é uma das doenças de maior importância econômica para ruminantes em vários países e pode representar uma ameaça ao desenvolvimento da pecuária brasileira. É uma doença infecto-contagiosa que provoca enterocolite granulomatosa crônica, incurável e de difícil controle, cujo agente é o Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP. Descreve-se a ocorrência de paratuberculose em um rebanho de búfalos no Estado de Pernambuco, Brasil. Não foi encontrado registro, na literatura, da ocorrência de paratuberculose em búfalos no país. De 100 búfalos, cinco mostravam sinais clínicos característicos da doença. À necropsia de dois animais as lesões estavam restritas ao intestino delgado com evidente espessamento da mucosa, aumento de linfonodos mesentéricos e vasos linfáticos proeminentes e dilatados. À microscopia, observaram-se na mucosa do intestino, infiltrado inflamatório granulomatoso com numerosos macrófagos epitelióides e células gigantes de Langhans, além de bacilos álcool-ácido resistentes (BAAR visualizados através da coloração de Ziehl-Neelsen (ZN. Nos linfonodos mesentéricos, havia espessamento da cápsula e marcada inflamação granulomatosa. O exame direto pela técnica de ZN para pesquisa do bacilo em esfregaços de fezes, raspado de mucosa intestinal e imprint de linfonodos mesentéricos resultou positivo. A PCR IS900 específico de linfonodo mesentérico e mucosa intestinal revelou amplificação de um fragmento de aproximadamente 110pb, confirmada pela comparação com outras sequências de M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis disponíveis no GenBank.Paratuberculosis (PTB is a disease of great economical importance for ruminant in several countries and represents a threat to the development of Brazilian livestock. The contagious disease caused by chronic PTB leads to incurable granulomatous enterocolitis of difficult control. PTB is caused by the Mycobacterium avium

  18. Distribution of {sup 137}Cs in three representative soils of Pernambuco state, Brazil;Distribuicao de {sup 137}Cs em tres solos representativos do estado de Pernambuco

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Antunes, Patrik Diogo, E-mail: pdantunes@yahoo.com.b [Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco (UFRPE), Recife, PE (Brazil). Dept. de Ciencias do Solo; Sampaio, Everardo Valadares de Sa Barretto; Ferreira Junior, Antonio Luiz Goncalves; Salcedo, Ignacio Hernan, E-mail: esampaio@ufpe.b, E-mail: antonio.ferreira@ariano.nlink.com.b, E-mail: salcedo@ufpe.b [Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco (UFRPE), Recife, PE (Brazil). Dept. de Energia Nuclear; Galindo, Izabel Cristina Luna, E-mail: iclgalindo@uol.com.b [Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco (UFRPE), Recife, PE (Brazil). Dept. de Agronomia

    2010-05-15

    Contents of {sup 137}Cs have been used to quantify soil loss or accumulations, based on values of reference sites with little soil disturbance in the last decades. In Northeastern Brazil no such sites have been evaluated yet. Three areas with flat topography, native vegetation and undisturbed soil were selected in of Goiania, Araripina and Sertania counties, state of Pernambuco. Four points in each area were marked at a distance of 20 to 50 m away from each other and soil samples were collected in 3 cm depth intervals, down to 30 cm. The {sup 137}Cs activities were determined using gamma spectrometry with a hyper pure germanium detector. Average contents of {sup 137}Cs (Bq m{sup -2}) were 71.6 +- 6.3 in Goiania, 64.0 +- 13.8 in Araripina and 95.5 +- 9.8 in Sertania. Values in this range have been reported in Paraiba and Bahia, and higher ones in the Southeastern region, confirming the reduction of stocks in areas closer to the equator. The highest activities occurred in the surface layers, ranging from 0.5 to 1.6 Bq kg{sup -1}, and decreased linearly with depth until the detection limits: 18 cm in Araripina, 15 cm in Goiania, and 9 cm in Sertania. In Goiania, the activity was highest (2.06 +- 1.0 Bq kg{sup -1}) in an organic horizon above a inorganic horizon. The high activities and stock and lower depth in Sertania could be explained by the predominance of 2:1 clay minerals versus 1:1 clay minerals in the other areas. {sup 137}Cs activities were positively correlated with water and KCl pH values and negatively correlated with Al concentrations. The results confirm that, in the reference areas, {sup 137}Cs activities are highest in the surface layers, decreasing regularly down the soil profile. (author)

  19. EuroSCORE and mortality in coronary artery bypass graft surgery at Pernambuco Cardiologic Emergency Medical Services [Pronto Socorro Cardiológico de Pernambuco].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sá, Michel Pompeu Barros de Oliveira; Soares, Evelyn Figueira; Santos, Cecília Andrade; Figueredo, Omar Jacobina; Lima, Renato Oliveira Albuquerque; Escobar, Rodrigo Renda; Silva, Frederico Pires Vasconcelos; Lima, Ricardo de Carvalho

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this study is to evaluate the applicability of EuroSCORE in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery at the Division of Cardiovascular Surgery of Pernambuco Cardiologic Emergency Medical Services--PROCAPE. A retrospective study involving 500 patients operated between May 2007 and April 2010. The registers contained all the information used to calculate the EuroSCORE. The outcome of interest was death. Univariate analysis and multivariate analysis by backward logistic regression were applied to assess the association between each variable in the EuroSCORE and deaths. The following parameters were calculated: sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value. The power of concordance between the predicted mortality by the EuroSCORE and the observed mortality was measured using the Kappa coefficient. The accuracy of the model was evaluated by the ROC (receiver operating characteristic) curve. The incidence of death was 13%. In multivariate analysis, nine variables remained independent predictors of death: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, creatinine >2,3mg/dL, active endocarditis, preoperative critical state, unstable angina, ejection fraction 30% to 50%, acute myocardial infarction < 90 days, emergency surgery and additional surgery. The score had a sensitivity of 88.4%, specificity of 79.3%, positive predictive value of 40.7%, negative predictive value of 97.7% and 80.6% concordance. The accuracy measured by the area under the ROC curve was 0.892 (95% CI 0.862-0.922). The EuroSCORE proved to be a simple and objective index, revealing a satisfactory discriminator of postoperative evolution in patients undergoing CABG surgery at our institution.

  20. ¿A qué Recorte Territorial Podemos Llamar Barrio?: el caso de Apipucos y Poço da Panela en Recife / What we call neighborhood?: the case of Apipucos and Poço da Panela, Recife

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    Leão Barros, Sandra A.

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available La escala barrio hace mucho se hace presente en el paisaje urbano recifense. Desde los primeros ingenios de azúcar en la cuenca del río Capibaribe, pasando por las parroquias y pueblos, arrabales, hoy Regiones Político-Administrativas y barrios componentes. Esos contornos todavía parecen ser los mismos. Ingenios que viraron a barrios. Barrios que son verdaderos ‘genius loci’ del Recife. Apipucos y Casa Forte ‘ingenios’, Poço da Panela ‘parroquia’; Apipucos, Casa Forte y Poço da Panela ‘arrabales’; todos ‘barrios’ hoy. Es en esta escala donde hay más convergencia entre el espacio geométrico y el espacio social, donde es más fuerte el sentido de lugar urbano. Es un módulo espacio-social, otrora parroquial, asociado a un soporte físico que lo encierra. Además, presenta siempre tres características simultáneas e integrantes entre sí: una forma y un tamaño, un límite político-administrativo que lo representa frente al Estado y una carga histórico-cultural de la sociedad a que pertenencen. Así lo son Apipucos y Poço da Panela. Relacionar esas características con los barrios estudiados en un biés histórico-temporal es la propuesta de este artículo./For a long time, the district scale appears in the urban landscape from Recife. Since the first mills in Capibaribe’s valley, passing through the parishes and villages, suburbs, today Politic-Administrative Regions and components districts. Theses outlines still seem to be the same. Mills that became districts. Districts which are Recife’s true ‘genius loci’. Apipucos and Casa Forte ‘mills’; Poço da Panela ‘parish’; Apipucos, Casa Forte and Poço da Panela ‘suburbs’; all ‘districts’ today. It is in this scale where there is larger convergence between the geometric space and the social space, where the sense of urban place is stronger. It is a space-social module, formely parochial, associated to a physical support which concludes it

  1. Opiniões sobre a doença entre membros da rede social de pacientes de hanseníase no Recife Opinions about Hansen's disease among the members of patients' social network in Recife

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    Katia V. de O. Feliciano

    1997-02-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo descreve um estudo realizado no Recife, Brasil, entre novembro de 1993 e julho de 1994, com a finalidade de explorar as opiniões dos membros da rede social (por exemplo, familiares, amigos e vizinhos de portadores de hanseníase na avaliação, interpretação e manejo das manifestações corporais da doença na trajetória que levou ao diagnóstico. A amostra constou de 93 membros da rede social, com idade entre 20 e 70 anos, que apoiaram o curso de ação de 83 pacientes diagnosticados no período do estudo. A análise buscou detectar variáveis capazes de discriminar os membros da rede de apoio dos pacientes de hanseníase classificados como casos (presença de incapacidades ou lesões precursoras de incapacidades ou controles. O estudo evidenciou a escassez de informações sobre a transmissão da hanseníase e revelou um quadro transicional onde se confrontam expectativa de cura e uma visão estigmatizante das conseqüências da doença. Apenas uma quarta parte dos sujeitos do estudo suspeitou, antes do diagnóstico, que o paciente era portador de hanseníase, o que sugere baixa percepção do risco representado pela doença e reforça a concepção da invisibilidade das suas manifestações corporais. Os resultados mostram um perfil de percepção e manejo da hanseníase que pode facilitar a propagação da doença e a instalação ou agravamento das suas conseqüências físicas e sociais.This article describes a study done in Recife, Brazil, between November 1993 and July 1994 to explore the opinions of the members of the social network (for example, family members, friends, and neighbors of carriers of Hansen's disease regarding their estimation, interpretation, and management of physical manifestations of the disease in the time leading up to diagnosis. The sample consisted of 93 members of the social network, ranging in age between 20 and 70 years, who supported the course of action of 83 patients diagnosed in the

  2. Que Recorte Territorial Podemos Chamar de Bairro ?: O caso de Apipucos e Poço da Panela no Recife /What we call neighborhood?: the case of Apipucos and Poço da Panela, Recife

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    Leão Barros, Sandra A.

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available A escala bairro há muito se faz presente na paisagem urbana recifense. Desde os primeiros engenhos no vale do Capibaribe, passando pelas freguesias e povoados, arrabaldes, hoje Regiões Político-Administrativas e bairros componentes. Esses contornos ainda parecem ser os mesmos. Engenhos que viraram bairros. Bairros que são verdadeiros ‘genius loci’ do Recife. Apipucos e Casa Forte ‘engenhos’; Poço da Panela ‘freguesia’; Apipucos, Casa Forte e Poço da Panela ‘arrabaldes’; todos ‘bairros’ hoje. É nesta escala onde há maior convergência entre o espaço geométrico e o espaço social, onde é mais forte o sentido de lugar urbano. É um módulo espaço-social, outrora paroquial, associado a um suporte físico que o encerra. Ademais, apresenta sempre três características simultâneas e integrantes entre si: uma forma e um tamanho, um limite político-administrativo que o representa frente ao Estado e uma carga histórico-cultural da sociedade a que pertencem. Assim o são Apipucos e Poço da Panela. Relacionar essas características aos bairros estudados num viés histórico-temporal é a proposta deste ensaio./For a long time, the district scale appears in the urban landscape from Recife. Since the first mills in Capibaribe’s valley, passing through the parishes and villages, suburbs, today Politic-Administrative Regions and components districts. Theses aoutlines still seem to be the same. Mills that became districts. Districts which are Recife’s true ‘genius loci’. Apipucos and Casa Forte ‘mills’; Poço da Panela ‘parish’; Apipucos, Casa Forte and Poço da Panela ‘suburbs’; all ‘districts’ today. It is in this scale where there is larger convergence between the geometric space and the social space, where the sense of urban place is stronger. It is a space-social module, formely parochial, associated to a physical support which concludes it. Furthermore, it always presents three simultaneous and

  3. Isolation of filamentous fungi from public telephones of the Metropolitan region of the city of Recife, PE, Brazil Isolamento de fungos filamentosos em telefones públicos da região Metropolitana da cidade do Recife, PE, Brasil

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    Flavia Paiva Coutinho

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Fungi can inhabit our organism without causing any harm, but they show themselves when the immunological system is compromised. In this study, a survey of the occurrence of filamentous fungi was carried out in public telephones of the Metropolitan Region of the City of Recife, PE, Brazil. This showed the public phones as a possible mean of transmission of fungal diseases among humans. Samples from the environment, audios, speakers and keyboards were taken at the airport, mall, subway and bus station in the months of October/2003 (dry season and June/2004 (rainy season, totaling 120 samples. The procedure of identification of species was carried out through conventional taxonomy. Thirty-four genera were isolated, totaling 73 species, the majority belonging to the anamorphic fungi (91.78%, followed by the Ascomycota (6.85% and the Zygomycota (1.37%. There was no significant difference in the proportion of species between the dry and rainy seasons, with 46 and 53 species identified, respectively. Due to the lack of maintenance, or inadequate cleaning of public telephones, the fungi present in these appliances may cause mycosis in the users as these telephones are used by people from different social classes and variable habits, both healthy and immunocompromised.Os fungos podem circular pelo nosso organismo sem causar qualquer mal, mas manifestam-se quando o sistema imunológico está comprometido. Neste estudo foi realizada uma análise da ocorrência de fungos filamentosos em telefones públicos da Região Metropolitana da Cidade do Recife, PE, Brasil. Apresentando-os como possível meio de transmissão de doenças de natureza fúngica entre os indivíduos. Amostras dos ambientes, áudios, bocais e teclas foram obtidas no aeroporto, shopping, metrô e rodoviária nos meses de outubro/2003 (período seco e junho/2004 (período chuvoso, totalizando 120 amostras. O procedimento de identificação das espécies ocorreu através da taxonomia

  4. Impacto das malformações congênitas na mortalidade perinatal e neonatal em uma maternidade-escola do Recife Impact of congenital malformations on perinatal and neonatal mortality in an university maternity hospital in Recife

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    Melania Maria Ramos de Amorim

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: determinar a incidência de malformações congênitas em recém-nascidos assistidos em uma maternidade-escola de Recife e avaliar o impacto destas malformações na mortalidade perinatal e neonatal. MÉTODOS: realizou-se um estudo longitudinal durante os meses de setembro de 2004 a maio de 2005, analisando-se todos os partos assistidos no Instituto Materno Infantil Prof. Fernando Figueira, IMIP. Determinou-se a freqüência e o tipo de malformações congênitas e foram calculados os coeficientes de mortalidade fetal, mortalidade perinatal, mortalidade neonatal precoce e tardia. RESULTADOS: a freqüência de malformações foi de 2,8% (em 4043 nascimentos. O percentual de malformações entre os nativivos foi de 2,7%, e entre os natimortos foi de 6,7%. Dentre as malformações, as mais freqüentes foram as do sistema nervoso central (principalmente hidrocefalia e meningomielocele, as do sistema osteomuscular e as cardiopatias. Não houve associação entre malformações e sexo, porém a freqüência de prematuridade e baixo peso foi maior entre os casos de malformações. Constatou-se, entre os malformados, mortalidade neonatal precoce de 32,7% e tardia de 10,6%. Os casos de malformações representaram 6,7% dos natimortos, 24,2% das mortes neonatais precoces e 25,8% do total de mortes neonatais. CONCLUSÕES: a freqüência de malformações correspondeu a 2,8% dos nascimentos. As malformações representaram a segunda causa mais freqüente de mortes neonatais, depois da prematuridade.OBJECTIVES: to determine the incidence of congenital malformations in newborns in a university maternity hospital in Recife and assess the impact of malformation in perinatal and neonatal mortality. METHODS: a longitudinal study was performed from September 2004 to May 2005 with all deliveries at the Instituto Materno Infantil Prof. Fernando Figueira, IMIP analyzed. The type and incidence of congenital malformations were determined, and fetal mortality

  5. Phenotype adaptability and stability of sugarcane genotypes in the sugarcane belt of the state of Pernambuco, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dutra Filho, J A; Junior, T C; Simões Neto, D E

    2014-08-29

    We assessed the agroindustrial performance of 25 sugarcane genotypes adapted to the edaphoclimatic conditions of the State of Pernambuco, Brazil, within the microregions Mata Norte, Mata Sul, Região Central, Litoral Norte, and Litoral Sul. The variables analyzed were POL tonnage per hectare, sugarcane tonnage per hectare, fiber and total recoverable sugar tonnage per hectare, using a randomized block design with four repetitions. Combined variance of experiments, genetic parameter estimates, decomposition of the genotype-environment interaction, and environment stratification were analyzed. Phenotype adaptability and stability were also analyzed. The various genotypes presented great potential for improvement and a similar response pattern to the microregions Centro and Mata Sul of the state of Pernambuco. Genotypes RB863129, RB867515, RB92579, RB953180, SP81-3250, RB75126, and RB942520 were better in productivity and phenotype adaptability and stability compared to genotypes RB892700, RB943365, SP79-1011, Q138, RB943538, SP78-4764, RB953281, RB943066, RB928064, RB93509, RB72454, RB952675, RB952991, RB943161, RB942898, RB872552, RB952900, and RB942849. These genotypes are recommended as cultivation options in the sugarcane belt in the state of Pernambuco, since they stand out in terms of phenotype adaptability and stability as evaluated using the method by Annicchiarico, Lin and Bins, and the method by Eberhart and Russel.

  6. Location Study of Solar Thermal Power Plant in the State of Pernambuco Using Geoprocessing Technologies and Multiple-Criteria Analysis

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    Verônica Wilma B. Azevêdo

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Solar Thermal Technology for the generation of electricity in large scale has been a reality in the world since the 1980s, when the first large-sized solar plants in the United States were introduced. Brazil presents great potential for the development of large-scale projects, although it is noted that the main barriers for the insertion of this technology in Brazilian market are the lack of incentives and goals and associated costs. In a way to contribute to the insertion of solar thermal technology in Brazil, this paper presents a macro-spatial approach, based on the use of Multiple-Criteria Decision Analysis and Geoprocessing, for the location of solar thermal power plants. The applied methodology for Pernambuco, located in the Northeast Region of Brazil, considered the implantation of parabolic trough solar power plant of 80 MW, operating only in solar mode, without heat storage. Based on performed analysis, it was confirmed that Pernambuco presents great potential for the installation of solar power plants, especially in the backlands of Pernambuco. Performed validations in the model demonstrate that the methodology attended the objective once the consistence between the assigned weights to the thematic layers, individually, and the final Map of site suitability were evidenced.

  7. Spatiotemporal analysis of reported cases of acute Chagas disease in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil, from 2002 to 2013.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, Fred Luciano Neves; Lorena, Virginia Maria Barros de; Souza, Wayner Vieira de; Gomes, Yara de Miranda

    2015-01-01

    Control strategies to eliminate the transmission of Chagas disease by insect vectors have significantly decreased the number of reported acute cases in Brazil. However, data regarding the incidence and distribution of acute Chagas disease cases in the State of Pernambuco are unavailable in the literature. A geographical information system was used to delineate the spatiotemporal distribution profile of the cases from 2002 to 2013 in 185 municipalities of Pernambuco based on the municipality where notification occurred. The results were presented in digital maps generated by the TerraView software (INPE). A total of 302 cases of acute disease were recorded in 37.8% of the municipalities, for a total of 0.13 cases per 1,000,000 inhabitants per year. Out of the 302 cases, 99.3% were reported between 2002 and 2006. The most affected municipalities were Carnaubeira da Penha, Mirandiba and Terra Nova. The risk maps showed a significant decrease in the number of notifications and a concentration of cases in the Midwest region. This study highlights a significant decrease in new cases of acute Chagas disease in Pernambuco starting in 2006 when Brazil received an international certification for the interruption of vectorial transmission by Triatoma infestans. However, control strategies should still be encouraged because other triatomine species can also transmit the parasite; moreover, other transmission modes must not be neglected.

  8. [The evolution of maternal and child healthcare and birth weight in the State of Pernambuco in 1997 and 2006].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noronha, Gisele Almeida de; Lima, Marília de Carvalho; Lira, Pedro Israel Cabral de; Veras, Ana Amélia Corrêa de Araújo; Gonçalves, Fabiana Cristina Lima da Silva Pastich; Batista Filho, Malaquias

    2012-10-01

    The scope of this paper was to assess the evolution and influence of maternal and child care on birth weight variation in the state of Pernambuco. The study used data from two cross-sectional population-based household surveys conducted with under-five children in the state of Pernambuco in 1997 (n = 1906) and 2006 (n = 1555). The sample was calculated to ensure the representativeness of two geo-economic strata: urban and rural areas. The variables studied were prenatal, delivery care and birth weight. The x(2) test was used to compare the categorical variables and mean difference in birth weight was calculated between the years studied with the respective 95% confidence interval. A marked improvement was seen in prenatal care and an increase in the frequency of caesarean section. In the rural area there was a significant 112 g decrease in mean birth weight. In 2006, access to at least one prenatal care appointment occurred irrespective of maternal schooling, however, in 1997 and 2006 access to adequate prenatal care was higher among mothers with better schooling. In spite of the improvement in prenatal and delivery care, poor access, excess of medical interventions and the increase in newborn survival may be influencing the variations in mean birth weight in the State of Pernambuco.

  9. Insecticide resistance in populations of the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae), from the state of Pernambuco, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, V C; de Siqueira, H A A; da Silva, J E; de Farias, M J D C

    2011-01-01

    The diamondback moth Plutella xylostella (L.) has a great economic importance in Brassicaceae crops in many parts of the world. Recurrent infestations of this pest in growing areas of Pernambuco state, Brazil, have led farmers to frequently spray their crops with insecticides. However, control failures by several insecticides have been alleged by farmers. The objective of this study was to check whether resistance to insecticides could explain these control failures in P. xylostella. Populations of P. xylostella from Pernambuco were collected between January and April 2009. The resistance ratios of P. xylostella populations were compared among five different active ingredients: abamectin, methomyl, lufenuron, indoxacarb, and diafenthiuron by leaf dipping bioassays using foliar discs of kale leaves. Mortality data were submitted to probit analysis. The P. xylostella populations showed variable response and significant resistance to one or more insecticides. The population from Bezerros County exhibited the highest resistance ratios to indoxacarb (25.3 times), abamectin (61.7 times), and lufenuron (705.2 times), when compared to the reference population. The populations from Bonito and Jupi Counties were 33.0 and 12.0 times more resistant to lufenuron and abamectin, respectively, when compared with the reference population. Resistance to methomyl was the least common, but not less important, in at least four populations. These results indicated that control failures were associated with resistance by some of the evaluated insecticides, reinforcing the need for resistance management in areas of the state of Pernambuco.

  10. Between Science and Politics: the Positivism of Paulo Carneiro in the Secretary of Agriculture, Industry and Commerce of Pernambuco (1935

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    Marcos Jungmann Bhering

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses the performance of the positivist scientist Paulo Estevão Berredo Carneiro (1901-1982 in the Secretary of Agriculture, Industry and Commerce of Pernambuco (SAICP in 1935. His career was built in the Brazilian Ministry of Agriculture, Industry and Commerce (MAIC during the 1920s and early 1930s, holding positions in scientific institutions and governmental agencies. Around 1930s Carneiro was invited by Lima Cavalcanti, Governor of Pernambuco State, to lead the SAICP. During his administration, he sought to implement policies for the rural areas based on a scientistic perspective. The analysis of Carneiro's performance in Pernambuco State distance ourselves of part of the literature about the history of positivism in Brazil, that conceives it as an ideology in decline since decade of 1910. The positivism creed, which credited to science and technique an important role for social progress was at once in several scientific and political spaces in 1920s and 1930s and gave the keynote to the policies implemented by Carneiro in the SAICP. Identifying himself as a technician who would have the task of leading reformists projects, his performance aroused criticism of local elites in a context of political radicalization and advance of authoritarianism of Getúlio Vargas government. Positivism and its premises persisted in 1930s as a key to understand the social reformism of the period.

  11. Spatiotemporal analysis of reported cases of acute Chagas disease in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil, from 2002 to 2013

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    Fred Luciano Neves Santos

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Control strategies to eliminate the transmission of Chagas disease by insect vectors have significantly decreased the number of reported acute cases in Brazil. However, data regarding the incidence and distribution of acute Chagas disease cases in the State of Pernambuco are unavailable in the literature. METHODS: A geographical information system was used to delineate the spatiotemporal distribution profile of the cases from 2002 to 2013 in 185 municipalities of Pernambuco based on the municipality where notification occurred. The results were presented in digital maps generated by the TerraView software (INPE. RESULTS: A total of 302 cases of acute disease were recorded in 37.8% of the municipalities, for a total of 0.13 cases per 1,000,000 inhabitants per year. Out of the 302 cases, 99.3% were reported between 2002 and 2006. The most affected municipalities were Carnaubeira da Penha, Mirandiba and Terra Nova. The risk maps showed a significant decrease in the number of notifications and a concentration of cases in the Midwest region. CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights a significant decrease in new cases of acute Chagas disease in Pernambuco starting in 2006 when Brazil received an international certification for the interruption of vectorial transmission by Triatoma infestans. However, control strategies should still be encouraged because other triatomine species can also transmit the parasite; moreover, other transmission modes must not be neglected.

  12. Manejo de crises asmáticas em crianças: conhecimento de profissionais de saúde quanto ao tópico em hospitais-escola do Recife (PE Acute asthma management in children: knowledge of the topic among health professionals at teaching hospitals in the city of Recife, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovanna Menezes de Medeiros Lustosa

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: O conhecimento sobre o manejo da asma aguda em crianças é um tema pouco explorado. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o conhecimento de profissionais de saúde do Recife (PE sobre o assunto. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal de tipo inquérito com 27 médicos e 7 enfermeiros, com mais de 2 anos de trabalho, de dois grandes hospitais-escola de pediatria do Recife, avaliados através de questionários autoaplicáveis com questões fechadas. RESULTADOS: Tanto os pediatras quanto os enfermeiros apresentaram conhecimento inadequado sobre o uso de inaladores dosimetrados, nebulização, tipo e dosagem dos medicamentos, assim como técnicas de descontaminação e desinfecção do material. CONCLUSÕES: O conhecimento inadequado do manejo da asma aguda em crianças pode refletir em um tratamento menos efetivo nesses hospitais. Medidas educativas são necessárias para minimizar o problema.OBJECTIVE: Knowledge of acute asthma management in children is a subject that has rarely been explored. The objective of this study was to assess the level of such knowledge among health professionals in the city of Recife, Brazil. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional survey involving 27 pediatricians and 7 nurses, all with at least two years of professional experience, at two large pediatric teaching hospitals in Recife. The participants completed a self-administered multiple-choice questionnaire. RESULTS: The pediatricians and nurses all possessed insufficient knowledge regarding the use of metered dose inhalers, nebulization, and types/doses of medications, as well as techniques for decontamination and disinfection of the equipment. CONCLUSIONS: Insufficient knowledge of acute asthma management in children can lead to less effective treatment in hospitals such as those evaluated here. Educational programs should be developed in order to minimize this problem.

  13. O Pacto pela Vida, os tomadores de decisão e a redução da violência homicida em Pernambuco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Zaverucha

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Entre 2000 e 2012 os homicídios cresceram de forma contínua na Região Nordeste do Brasil. À exceção de Pernambuco, todos os estados nordestinos apresentaram crescimento expressivo nas taxas desse crime. A tese defendida neste artigo é que as práticas de gestão efetuadas na segurança pública pernambucana foram importantes para a redução dos números de homicídios no estado, assim como o papel dos tomadores de decisão na condução do Pacto Pela Vida, programa do governo pernambucano para a área da segurança. A análise mostra que os homicídios diminuíram em Pernambuco em boa medida pela melhoria do papel do Estado em dispositivos de contenção.Between 2000 and 2012 the occurrence of murders increased continuously in the Northeast of Brazil, with all the states of the region except Pernambuco reporting expressive growth in this crime rate. The theory defended in the paper The ‘Pact for Life’ Program, the Decision Makers and the Reduction of Homicidal Violence in Pernambuco is that the public security management practices implemented in Pernambuco have played an important role in reducing the number of murders in the state, as well as the decision makers’ action to develop the Pact for Life, a state governmental security program. The analysis shows that murders were reduced in Pernambuco to a great extent due to the State’s improved role in enforcing containment mechanisms.Keywords: policies, public security, homicides, ‘Pact for Life’ Program, Pernambuco

  14. Development of materials that cover the deposits of gypsum exploited in the polo plasterer in Pernambuco

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rego, S.A.B.C.; Moraes, A.S. de; Anjos, I.F. dos; Lira, B.B.

    2012-01-01

    The mineral clay found on the surface of gypsum deposits in the region of Recife - PE are considered mining tailings and job search reference in new industrial applications for these minerals, ores. In this context, we performed the characterization of these materials with the purpose of its use as inorganic pigments in the ceramic coating. These minerals present 'in locus' different colors ranging from beige to reddish. After heat treatment at 1000° C their colors have varied tones that can be used as natural pigments in the ceramic industry. The techniques of fluorescence X-ray diffraction X-ray, infrared and colorimetry were applied in the characterization of mineral-ore in question. Using mineral processing techniques we obtain a physical separation of clay minerals associated. The use of concentrated after processing showed that the material has the potential to replace traditional pigments used in ceramic industry, and thus represent a new alternative on the market of natural pigments. Another potential comprehensive analysis of the material is its use associated with polymers in order to develop new materials. (author)

  15. Toxicity of sediments from a mangrove forest patch in an urban area in Pernambuco (Brazil).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira, D D; Souza-Santos, L P; Silva, H K P; Macedo, S J

    2014-06-01

    Industrial and urban residues are discharged every day to the rivers and may arrive at the mangrove forest and prejudice the quality of the environment and the organisms present there. The mangrove forest patch studied is encircled by an urban area of the city of Recife (Brazil) that has approximate 1.5 million inhabitants and is one of the most industrialized centers in Northeast Brazil. The aim of this study was to assess the quality of the sediments of this mangrove patch in terms of metal contamination and ecotoxicology. Samples of surface sediment were collected in six stations for toxicological tests and trace metal determination (Cr, Zn, Mn, Fe, Cu, Pb, Co and Ni), in July and August, 2006 (rainy season); and in January and February 2007 (dry season). Toxicity tests with solid-phase sediments were carried out with the copepod Tisbe biminiensis in order to observe lethal and sub-lethal endpoints and correlate them with chemical data. In June, there were no observed lethal effect, but two stations presented sub-lethal effects. In January, lethal effect occurred in three stations and sub-lethal in one station. The levels for Zn and Cr were at higher levels than international proposed guidelines (NOAA). There was a negative significant correlation between the copepods׳ fecundity, and Zn and Cr concentrations. Therefore, the studied sediments can be considered to have potential toxic to benthos due to the high content of Zn and Cr. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Diferenciais na adequação das informações de eventos vitais nos municípios de Pernambuco, 2006-2008 Differentials in vital information in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil, 2006-2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirella Rodrigues

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar os diferenciais da adequação das informações de nascimentos e óbitos do Ministério da Saúde para o cálculo da mortalidade infantil nos municípios do Estado de Pernambuco, 2006-2008. MÉTODOS: Estudo ecológico, cujas fontes de dados foram os sistemas de informação sobre nascidos vivos e mortalidade. Foram utilizados os indicadores: coeficiente de mortalidade geral padronizado por idade, desvio médio relativo do coeficiente de mortalidade geral, razão entre nascidos vivos informados e estimados, desvio médio relativo da taxa de natalidade e proporção de óbitos sem definição de causa básica. Estes indicadores foram agregados em três dimensões: mortalidade, natalidade e mal definidos. Utilizando critérios pré-estabelecidos, os municípios foram classificados como: informações vitais consolidadas, em fase de consolidação e não consolidadas. Os dados foram analisados através do programa Epiinfo e do Terraview para elaboração dos mapas. RESULTADOS: Dos 185 municípios do Estado, 141 (76,2% foram classificados como informações vitais consolidadas, agregando aproximadamente 85% da população residente e 17 (9,2% como não consolidadas, categoria na qual reside apenas 4,9% da população. Os municípios com 50.000 habitantes ou mais têm informações de melhor qualidade. CONCLUSÃO: O método utilizado mostrou-se potencial para classificar a qualidade das informações vitais em Pernambuco, identificando as desigualdades, que se constituem em desafios para o Estado, no sentido de possibilitar a análise destas informações a partir de dados diretos dos sistemas no âmbito municipal. Apenas dessa forma torna-se possível avaliar os investimentos realizados para a redução da mortalidade infantil em Pernambuco de forma realística.OBJECTIVE: To assess differentials in official birth and death data for estimating infant mortality. METHODS: An ecological study was conducted based on data obtained from

  17. Prevalence and risk factors for Staphylococcus aureus in health care workers at a University Hospital of Recife-PE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Caetano Brandão Ferreira da Silva

    Full Text Available Staphylococcus aureus is the main human pathogen that colonizes individuals in general population. The objective of the study was evaluate the epidemiological and sensitivity profile of S. aureus lineage, isolated in health care workers (HCW of a University Hospital in Pernambuco state, Brazil. Biological samples of hands and nasal cavities were sown in agar sheep blood. Colonies under suspicion of being S. aureus were identified using Gram staining, catalase test and coagulase, mannitol-salty agar fermentation and DNAse agar. The resistance to mupirocin was analyzed through the Kirby Bauer technique. In relation to methicillin and vancomycin the determination was by the minimum inhibitory concentration method (E-test. From the 202 HCW evaluated, 52 were colonized by S. aureus (25,7%. The factors associated to the colonization by S. aureus were: age-group, professional category, use of individual protection equipments (frequency and numbers. All S. aureus isolate lineages were sensitive to mupirocin and vancomycin, and three of them were identified as methicillin-resistant. The prevalence of MSSA and MRSA among HCW was considered low and was below the results described in the literature. The isolate S. aureus lineages have shown low resistance profile.

  18. Mediastinite pós-cirúrgica em um Hospital Cardiológico de Recife: contribuições para a assistência de enfermagem

    OpenAIRE

    Magalhães,Marina Gabriella Pereira de Andrada; Alves,Ludmila Medeiros Outtes; Alcantara,Lidianne Fábia de Moraes; Bezerra,Simone Maria Muniz da Silva

    2012-01-01

    O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar a prevalência de mediastinite pós-cirúrgica com o intuito de contribuir para a assistência de enfermagem. Para tanto, foi realizada a análise de 896 prontuários de pacientes submetidos à operação cardíaca com esternotomia no Pronto Socorro Cardiológico de Recife-PE,no período de junho de 2007 a junho 2009. As variáveis consideradas foram: sexo, idade, tipo de operação, antecedentes pessoais, tempo de internamento hospitalar, uso de antibióticos e cultura...

  19. O culto à Oxorongá nos templos de candomblé: um fenômeno contemporâneo na cidade do Recife

    OpenAIRE

    Andréa Caselli Gomes

    2015-01-01

    O presente trabalho propõe enfoque sobre uma recente mudança nas formas de religiosidade das casas de candomblé da região metropolitana do Recife: o culto às Iami, entidades femininas presentes na mitologia iorubá. Desde o início do século XXI, o culto originalmente secreto e exclusivamente feminino às entidades ancestrais designadas como Iami tem sido assunto polêmico e controverso entre os adeptos das religiões afro-brasileiras, principalmente entre os que buscam a reafricanização em suas v...

  20. Turismo e Identidade: Construção de identidades sociais no contexto do turismo sexual entre alemães e brasileiras na cidade do Recife

    OpenAIRE

    LEHMANN-CARPZOV, Ana Rosa

    1994-01-01

    O tema desta Dissertação focaliza a construção de identidades sociais na relação de contato entre garotas de programa brasileiras e homens alemães, no contexto do turismo internacional no Recife. O pressuposto básico do estudo é que as relações sociais entre as garotas de programa e os homens alemães, desenvolvidas no tempo "extraordinário' e no espaço "sagrado" do turismo, suspendem temporariamente suas identidades elaboradas no tempo "ordinário" do cotidiano, ao mesmo tempo em que reforç...