WorldWideScience

Sample records for treier veli palge

  1. Hispaania taeva all / Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Treier, Heie, 1963-

    1999-01-01

    Installatsiooni- ja performance'inäitus 'Diaspora' Oviedos. Kuraator Anke Mellin. Eestist osalesid Peeter Laurits ja Terje Ojaver installatsioonidega, Heie Treier loenguga. Pikemalt L. Wolfferi performance'ist 'Miss Mexico', M. A. Roca multimeediaetendusest, G. G̤mez-Peą, R. Sifuentes'i ja J. Ibarra performance'ist 'Mexterminaatori Projekt'

  2. Moekiriku järjekordne etendus / Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Treier, Heie, 1963-

    1998-01-01

    'Neli püha' Nigulistes. E.-L. Semperi 'Üledoos' ja 'Nimeta', J. Orgussaare 'Jeti', A. Järvsoo 'Sügistalv', T. Veenre 'Veel'. I. Josingu, L. Leshkini, R. Ulfsaki, A. Metsise ja H. Treieri arutelu põhjal kirja pannud H. Treier

  3. Tõeline modernist Allan Murdmaa / Toivo Tammik, Arne Maasik, Martin Pedanik, Heie Treier ; intervjueerinud Reet Varblane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Allan Murdmaast (4. 08. 1934-15. 11. 2009) vestlevad 18. novembril Arhitektuuri- ja Disainigaleriis avatud Allan Murdmaa näituse ja raamatu "Monumentaalne : Allan Murdmaa" autorid arhitektid Toivo Tammik ja Arne Maasik ning graafiline disainer Martin Pedanik, lisaks kunstiteadlane Heie Treier

  4. Nõukogude kunst ja lääne vaatepunktid / Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Treier, Heie, 1963-

    2006-01-01

    Muljeid Kaunases Vytautas Suure ülikoolis 26.-27. oktoobril 2006 a. toimunud rahvusvaheliselt konverentsilt "Kunst ja poliitika : Ida-Euroopa üksikjuhtumid". Eestist esinesid ettekannetega Heie Treier ja Andres Kurg. Lähemalt inglanna Deborah Lewer'i ettekandest saksa maalikunstniku Willi Sitte kohta. Leedu punamonumentide pargist Grutas Park

  5. Tensor veli palatini electromyography for monitoring Eustachian tube rehabilitation in otitis media.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Picciotti, P M; Della Marca, G; D'Alatri, L; Lucidi, D; Rigante, M; Scarano, E

    2017-05-01

    The pathogenesis of otitis media is related to Eustachian tube dysfunction. The tensor veli palatini muscle actively opens the Eustachian tube and promotes middle-ear ventilation. This study describes a technique for paratubal electromyography that uses a surface, non-invasive electrode able to record tensor veli palatini muscle activity during swallowing. Twenty otitis media patients and 10 healthy patients underwent tensor veli palatini electromyography. Activity of this muscle before and after Eustachian tube rehabilitation was also assessed. In 78.5 per cent of patients, the electromyography duration phase and/or amplitude were reduced in the affected side. The muscle action potential was impaired in all patients who underwent Eustachian tube rehabilitation. This study confirmed that Eustachian tube muscle dysfunction has a role in otitis media pathogenesis and showed that muscle activity increases after Eustachian tube rehabilitation therapy.

  6. The role of the tensor veli palatini muscle in the development of cleft palate-associated middle ear problems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heidsieck, David S P; Smarius, Bram J A; Oomen, Karin P Q; Breugem, Corstiaan C

    2016-09-01

    Otitis media with effusion is common in infants with an unrepaired cleft palate. Although its prevalence is reduced after cleft surgery, many children continue to suffer from middle ear problems during childhood. While the tensor veli palatini muscle is thought to be involved in middle ear ventilation, evidence about its exact anatomy, function, and role in cleft palate surgery is limited. This study aimed to perform a thorough review of the literature on (1) the role of the tensor veli palatini muscle in the Eustachian tube opening and middle ear ventilation, (2) anatomical anomalies in cleft palate infants related to middle ear disease, and (3) their implications for surgical techniques used in cleft palate repair. A literature search on the MEDLINE database was performed using a combination of the keywords "tensor veli palatini muscle," "Eustachian tube," "otitis media with effusion," and "cleft palate." Several studies confirm the important role of the tensor veli palatini muscle in the Eustachian tube opening mechanism. Maintaining the integrity of the tensor veli palatini muscle during cleft palate surgery seems to improve long-term otological outcome. However, anatomical variations in cleft palate children may alter the effect of the tensor veli palatini muscle on the Eustachian tube's dilatation mechanism. More research is warranted to clarify the role of the tensor veli palatini muscle in cleft palate-associated Eustachian tube dysfunction and development of middle ear problems. Optimized surgical management of cleft palate could potentially reduce associated middle ear problems.

  7. Lõputu rong, nõgeseväli ja postapokalüptiline vaikelu / Raoul Kurvitz ; interv. Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kurvitz, Raoul

    1999-01-01

    Raoul Kurvitza ülevaatenäitus 'Sümfoonia si-bemoll minoor. (Postapokalüptika)' Tallinna Kunstihoones, Kunstihoone galeriis ja Vabaduse väljakul. Eesti kunsti jõudmisest maailma, kunstniku rollist tänapäeval ja tulevikus, oma suhtest religiooniga, kümne aastaga endas toimunud muutustest jm. H. Treier R. Kurvitzast 1980ndate lõpul ja 10 aastat hiljem, valust tema esinemistes.

  8. Comparable Efficacy of Idelalisib Plus Rituximab and Ibrutinib in Relapsed/refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia: A Retrospective Case Matched Study of the Polish Adult Leukemia Group (PALG).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puła, Bartosz; Budziszewska, Bożena Katarzyna; Rybka, Justyna; Gil, Lidia; Subocz, Edyta; Długosz-Danecka, Monika; Zawirska, Daria; Waszczuk-Gajda, Anna; Iskierka-Jażdżewska, Elżbieta; Kopacz, Agnieszka; Szymczyk, Agnieszka; Czyż, Jarosław; Lech-Marańda, Ewa; Warzocha, Krzysztof; Jamroziak, Krzysztof

    2018-05-01

    There is limited amount of data available on the comparative efficacy of ibrutinib and idelalisib, the B-cell receptor inhibitors (BCRi) newly approved for relapsed/refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (r/r CLL/SLL) treatment. The aim of our study was to analyze and compare the outcomes of real-world r/r CLL/SLL patients treated with these two BCRi in outside clinical trials. A comparative case matched 1:2 analysis was performed on idelalisib combined with rituximab and ibrutinib efficacy in 102 patients with r/r CLL/SLL from two observational studies of the Polish Adult Leukemia Group (PALG). Both therapies produced similar overall response rates (idelalisib plus rituximab 76.4% and ibrutinib 72.1%). Median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in both groups were not reached. Furthermore, no significant difference was observed between both BCRi regimens in regard to PFS (HR=0.75, 95% CI=0.30-1.86, p=0.55) and OS (HR=0.65, 95%CI=0.26-1.68, p=0.39). In summary, the results of this retrospective analysis suggest that idelalisib combined with rituximab and ibrutinib therapies have comparable activity in r/r CLL/SLL in daily clinical practice. Copyright© 2018, International Institute of Anticancer Research (Dr. George J. Delinasios), All rights reserved.

  9. Heie Treier soovitab / Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Treier, Heie, 1963-

    2000-01-01

    Ülevaade teatrikunstniku Vladimir Anshoni loomingu paremikust, mis on sündinud koostöös eesti teatritega, Kunstihoone galeriis. Helsingis kultuuripealinna "Helsinki 2000" ürituste raames fotonäitused: Robert Capa fotod Helsingi Linna Kunstimuuseumis, Tennisepalees 28. märtsini; Henri Cartier-Bressoni näitus "Eurooplased" Helsingi Linna Kunstimuuseumis 30. aprillini. H. Cartier-Bresson on pildistanud ka Tallinna "sürreaalsust".

  10. The effect of cleft maxillary distraction osteogenesis on the levator veli palatini and velopharyngeal function.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Philip Kuo-Ting; Por, Yong-Chen; Liou, Eric Jein-Wein; Chang, Frank Chun-Shin

    2015-05-01

    Le Fort I maxillary distraction with the rigid external distraction (RED) device is performed to correct severe midface retrusion in cleft patients, but it may adversely affect velopharyngeal function. This study aims to investigate the angular changes in the levator veli palatini (LVP) and its influence on velopharyngeal function after maxillary distraction using 3-dimensional computed tomography (3D CT) scan volume rendered images. This was a retrospective study of 12 patients. Group 1 had no velopharyngeal function deterioration and group 2 had velopharyngeal function deterioration. Preoperative and 1 year postoperative CT scans were analyzed with Mimics v10 software. Segmentation of the LVP and the nasopharyngeal airway was performed and volumetric images were obtained. Six measurements were made: (1) the angle between the levator plane and the Frankfort horizontal, (2) the angle between the levator plane and the soft palate plane, (3) the angle between the 2 LVP muscles, (4) the pharyngeal depth, and (5, 6) the movement of the inferior pharyngeal point with respect to the horizontal and vertical planes. The independent samples t test, Mann-Whitney test, and paired t tests were used for statistical analyses (P < 0.05). Group 2 had statistically significant reduction in the angle between the levator plane and Frankfort horizontal as well as the soft palate plane. Group 1 had a statistically significant increase in the pharyngeal depth and movement of the inferior pharyngeal point with respect to the horizontal plane. A decrease in the angle between the levator plane and the Frankfort horizontal or the soft palate plane was associated with velopharyngeal function deterioration.

  11. Red Blood Cell Transfusion Dependency and Hyperferritinemia Are Associated with Impaired Survival in Patients Diagnosed with Myelodysplastic Syndromes: Results from the First Polish MDS-PALG Registry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waszczuk-Gajda, Anna; Mądry, Krzysztof; Machowicz, Rafał; Drozd-Sokołowska, Joanna; Stella-Hołowiecka, Beata; Mital, Andrzej; Obara, Agata; Szmigielska-Kapłon, Anna; Sikorska, Anna; Subocz, Edyta; Jędrzejczak, Wiesław W; Dwilewicz-Trojaczek, Jadwiga

    2016-01-01

    Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are a heterogeneous group of clonal stem cell disorders characterized by ineffective hematopoiesis, cytopenias and a risk of progression to acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Anemia is the most frequent cytopenia diagnosed in patients with MDS. Regular RBC transfusions are the only treatment option for about 40% of patients. Transfusion-dependent patients develop secondary iron overload. The influence of serum ferritin (SF) concentration on survival and acute myeloid leukemia transformation in MDS patients remains controversial. The data for the Central European population is scarce and so far there is no description for Poland. The aim of this study was to perform a retrospective analysis of the relationship of SF concentration with red blood cell transfusion dependency, survival and transformation to acute myeloid leukemia. We retrospectively evaluated the data of the 819 MDS patients (58% male; median age 70 years) included in the MDS Registry of the MDS Section of the Polish Adult Leukemia Group (PALG). Analyses were performed on 190 patients diagnosed with MDS, maximal 6 months before inclusion to the registry in order to avoid selection bias (a shorter survival of higher risk MDS patients). Patients with hyperferritinemia higher than 1000 ng/L vs. patients with SF concentration lower than 1000 ng/L had a median survival of 320 days vs. 568 days, respectively (p log-rank = 0.014). The following factors were found to significantly worsen survival: RBC-transfusion dependence (p = 0.0033; HR 2.67L), platelet transfusion dependence (p = 0.0071; HR 3.321), hemoglobin concentration lower than 10 g/dL (p = 0.0036; HR 2.97), SF concentration higher than 1000 ng/L (p = 0.0023; HR = 2.94), platelet count lower than 10 G/L (p = 0.0081 HR = 5.04), acute leukemia transformation (p = 0.0081; HR 1.968). Taking into account the relatively low number of patients in previous studies exploring hyperferritinemia in MDS, the results of the first Polish

  12. The ceramic SiO2 and SiO2-TiO2 coatings on biomedical Ti6Al4VELI titanium alloy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Surowska, B.; Walczak, M.; Bienias, J.

    2004-01-01

    The paper presents the study of intermediate SiO 2 and SiO 2 -TiO 2 sol-gel coatings and dental porcelain coatings on Ti6Al4VELI titanium alloy. Surface microstructures and wear behaviour by pin-on-disc method of the ceramic coatings were investigated. The analysis revealed: (1) a compact, homogeneous SiO 2 and SiO 2 -TiO 2 coating and (2) that intermediate coatings may provide a durable joint between metal and porcelain, and (3) that dental porcelain on SiO 2 and TiO 2 coatings shows high wear resistance. (author)

  13. Biennial 911 / Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Treier, Heie, 1963-

    2006-01-01

    Emergency biennale, rahvusvaheline rändnäitus Tšetšeenia toetuseks grupinäituse "Vägivald ja propaganda" raames Tallinna Kunstihoones. Kuraator Evelyne Jouanno. Eestist liitusid biennaaliga Neeme Külm, Marko Laimre, Marko Mäetamm ja Jüri Ojaver

  14. Prostalgia Helsingis / Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Treier, Heie, 1963-

    2000-01-01

    Näitus 'Tehisintellekt' Kiasmas Helsingis. Kuraator Erkki Huhtamo on kaasanud eri maade kunstnike 16 tööd ning ajaloolise ülevaate 'mõistusega' masinatest. Töödest pikemalt Arno Coeneni ja Rene Bosma hiigelmosaiigist küberkangelanna Lara Croft'iga.

  15. Tuhkatriinust printsessiks / Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Treier, Heie, 1963-

    1999-01-01

    Ida- ja Kesk-Euroopa 1990ndate kunsti näitus 'Pärast müüri' ('After the Wall') Stockholmis Moderna Museetis. Kureerinud David Elliott, Bojana Pejic, Iris Müller-Westermann. Seminarist. Eesti kunstnike Jaan Toomiku, Kai Kaljo, Liina Siibi, Inessa Josingu esinemisest. Kommenteerivad Moskva kuraator J. Bakstein, rootsi kunstikriitik C. Chambert, makedoonia kuraator S. Milevska, ajakirja NU toimetaja J.-P. Nilsson, New Yorgi kunstikriitik K. Levin

  16. Differences in the Tensor Veli Palatini Between Adults With and Without Cleft Palate Using High-Resolution 3-Dimensional Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    George, Thomas N; Kotlarek, Katelyn J; Kuehn, David P; Sutton, Bradley P; Perry, Jamie L

    2018-05-01

    To investigate the dimensions of the tensor veli palatini (TVP) muscle in adults with and without cleft palate. Prospective study. There were a total of 14 adult participants, 8 noncleft and 6 with cleft palate. Analysis and comparison of the TVP muscle and surrounding structures was completed using 3D MRI data and Amira 5.5 Visualization Modeling software. TVP muscle volume, hamular process distance, mucosal thickness, TVP muscle length, and TVP muscle diameter were used for comparison between participant groups based upon previous research methods. Mann-Whitney U tests revealed a significantly smaller ( U cleft palate group (median = 536.22 mm 3 ) compared to individuals in the non-cleft palate group (median = 895.19 mm 3 ). The TVP muscle was also significantly shorter ( U = 1.00, P = .003) in the cleft palate group (median = 18.04 mm) versus the non-cleft palate (median = 21.18 mm). No significant differences were noted for the other measured parameters. Significant differences in the TVP muscle volume and length among the noncleft participants found in this study may insights into the reported increased incidence of otitis media with effusion (OME) seen in the cleft population. Results from this study contribute to our understanding of the underlying anatomic differences among individuals with cleft palate.

  17. Musculo-nasomucosal unit with complete lateral bony freeing and medial rotation for ideal C-shape restoration and retropositioning of the levator veli palatini.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Shazly, Mohamed

    2012-11-01

    No definitive procedure for cleft repair has been identified yet as the gold standard. Accordingly, this work tried to appraise the hypothesis that if the bony detachment and full retropositioning of the levator veli palatini muscle can ideally present an anatomical C-shape muscular sling restoration and if this is accompanied with pushback palatoplasty, would this present a better result in terms of tissue fistulation and phonetic impairment? A series of 74 different degrees of palatal clefts were operated by pushback palatoplasty combined with a modified approach of the levator vili palatini. This muscle was dissected only from the oral mucosa while kept attached to the nasal one as a musculo-nasomucosal unit. This unit was completely detached from the bony margin of the hard palate and then medially rotated and retropositioned in a typical C-shape mobile sling. Evaluations included suture line assessment and fistula development, and following the child's need for speech therapy. There were no intraoperative complications. Definite anterior fistulae with nasal air and foot leakage were observed in 2 cases. Four cases had postoperative velopharyngeal incompetence with a need for speech therapy. Tension-free closure, lower risk of fistula, good restoration of velopharyngeal functions, ability to be performed on all cleft types, ability to provide a good intraoperative exposure, and being a single stage seem to be the most important advantages of this unpublished technique.

  18. Fetal Tendinous Connection Between the Tensor Tympani and Tensor Veli Palatini Muscles: A Single Digastric Muscle Acting for Morphogenesis of the Cranial Base.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez-Vázquez, José Francisco; Sakiyama, Koji; Abe, Hiroshi; Amano, Osamu; Murakami, Gen

    2016-04-01

    Some researchers contend that in adults the tensor tympani muscle (TT) connects with the tensor veli palatini muscle (TVP) by an intermediate tendon, in disagreement with the other researchers. To resolve this controversy, we examined serial sections of 50 human embryos and fetuses at 6-17 weeks of development. At 6 weeks, in the first pharyngeal arch, a mesenchymal connection was found first to divide a single anlage into the TT and TVP. At and after 7 weeks, the TT was connected continuously with the TVP by a definite tendinous tissue mediolaterally crossing the pharyngotympanic tube. At 11 weeks another fascia was visible covering the cranial and lateral sides of the tube. This "gonial fascia" had two thickened borders: the superior one corresponded to a part of the connecting tendon between the TT and TVP; the inferior one was a fibrous band ending at the os goniale near the lateral end of the TVP. In association with the gonial fascia, the fetal TT and TVP seemed to provide a functional complex. The TT-TVP complex might first help elevate the palatal shelves in association with the developing tongue. Next, the tubal passage, maintained by contraction of the muscle complex, seems to facilitate the removal of loose mesenchymal tissues from the tympanic cavity. Third, the muscle complex most likely determined the final morphology of the pterygoid process. Consequently, despite the controversial morphologies in adults, the TT and TVP seemed to make a single digastric muscle acting for the morphogenesis of the cranial base. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  19. Tammsaare tähendus avaramaks / Oskar Kruus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kruus, Oskar, 1929-2007

    2002-01-01

    Arvustus: Tammsaare maailmakirjanikuna : kolm välismaa Tammsaare-uurijat / koost. Elem Treier. Tallinn : Olion, 2001. Kogumik sisaldab filosoofiamagistri Veli Ilmari Mikkoneni väitekirja ning Friedrich Scholzi ja Vladimir Macura järelsõnu jt. uurimusi Tammsaarest

  20. Deimanto tipo anglies nanokompozicinių (SiOx turinčių deimanto tipo anglies plėvelių struktūros, cheminės sudėties, savybių ir taikymo sričių apžvalga

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Šarūnas MEŠKINIS

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Straipsnyje apžvelgiama dabartinė būklė nanokompozicinių deimanto tipo anglies plėvelių (SiOx turinčių deimanto tipo anglies dangų tyrimų srityje. Aptariami įvairūs šių dangų formavimo metodai bei sintezei naudojamos medžiagos. Įvairiais būdais ir įvairiomis sąlygomis užaugintų deimanto tipo anglies nanokompozicinių plėvelių cheminė sudėtis nagrinėta atsižvelgiant į tyrimų duomenis, gautus taikant skirtingus analizės metodus (rentgeno spindulių fotoelektronų spektroskopiją, infraraudonųjų spindulių spektroskopiją. Taip pat aprašyti skirtingų autorių siūlomi nanokompozicinių deimanto tipo anglies plėvelių struktūros modeliai. Apžvelgtos SiOx turinčių DTA plėvelių, suformuotų įvairiais būdais, mechaninės, optinės, elektrinės savybės bei plėvelių paviršiaus energija. Straipsnio pabaigoje aprašomos nanokompozicinių deimanto tipo anglies plėvelių dabartinės naudojimo sritys ir ateities perspektyvos.http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.ms.17.4.770

  1. Heie Treier soovitab : Sakraalarhitektuur ja Portugali kunst / Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Treier, Heie, 1963-

    2001-01-01

    Näitused arhitektuuri- ja kunstikeskuses Rotermanni Soolaladu: "Moodsad kirikud: Eesti 1920.-30. aastate sakraalarhitektuur" ja Portugali-Eesti ühisnäitus "High Input Low Noise", eksponeeritud videod vastava helitaustaga

  2. 'Tehisintellekt' (Alien Intelligence) : Heie Treier soovitab / Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Treier, Heie, 1963-

    2000-01-01

    Helsingis 'Kiasmas' 11.II-28. V avatud suurprojekt, millele kuraator Erkki Huhtamo valis 18 kunstnikku üle maailma, esitab küsimusi inimese ja arvuti vahekorra kohta. 4.-5. III toimub konverents 'Tehisintellekti arheoloogia' ning Tehisintellekt ja meediakunst'. Vahepeal hollandi kunstniku Arthur Elssenari roboti Huge Harry performance jm.

  3. Mittepateetiline juubel Kunstihoones / Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Treier, Heie, 1963-

    2000-01-01

    Kunstnik-kuraatori Ando Keskküla "Rituaalide mehaanika" Tallinna Kunstihoones. Marko Laimre installatsioonist "Sugar Free", Bea de Visseri tööst "Silmapilgutus", Fiddian Warmani ja Julian Saundersoni installatsioonist "Paheline loomus", Ando Keskküla videost "Hingus", installatsioonist "12 tooli".

  4. Eemal kunsti kiirteest / Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Treier, Heie, 1963-

    1999-01-01

    Balti kunsti biennaal 'N.E.W.S.' Poolas Szczecinis 5. dets.-ni, Lätis Riias V-VI 2000, Rootsis Visbys VII-VIII 2000. Tatshanka printsiip. Peterburi neoakadeemikud, vaiksed anarhistid ja kohaspetsiifika. Eestit esindanud Mart Viljuse ja Inessa Josingu töödest

  5. Kuidas finantseerida eksporditehinguid / Andrus Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Treier, Andrus, 1974-

    2005-01-01

    Enamik riike pakub oma ettevõtetele otseseid või kaudseid toetusi ekspordi edendamiseks. Lisaks sellele soovitab KredEx-i juhataja ettevõtetel teha ekspordikindlustus, millega erakindlustaja või riiklik ekspordikrediidiasutus kindlustab ettevõttele raha laekumise tehingu eest ka juhul, kui ostja teatud põhjusel seda ei tee. Lisa: Riikliku ekspordigarantii eelised

  6. A ringed fascia lata graft without peritendinous areolar tissue encircling the levator veli palatini and superior pharyngeal constrictor muscles gradually shrinks to reduce velopharyngeal incompetence, functioning as an intravelar palatal lift.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujita, Kenya; Matsuo, Kiyoshi; Yuzuriha, Shunsuke

    2013-01-01

    We have previously reported that fascia lata grafts with peritendinous areolar tissue used to treat severe congenital blepharoptosis gradually shrink within 6 weeks postoperatively and maintain long-term shrinkage of 15.5% on average. Accordingly, it seemed possible that a fascia lata graft without peritendinous areolar tissue would shrink more than the one with peritendinous areolar tissue in a clinical setting. We evaluated this possibility in a patient with Klippel-Feil syndrome having postoperative deep atonic nasopharynx. In combination with intravelar veloplasty and palatal lengthening with modified bilateral buccinator sandwich pushback, a ringed fascia lata without peritendinous areolar tissue encircling the levator veli palatini and superior constrictor muscles was grafted to cure severe velopharyngeal incompetence. Obstructive sleep apnea did not occur following surgery. Pharyngoscopy, videofluoroscopy, and nasometry showed no amelioration of velopharyngeal incompetence at 1 month postoperatively, but marked velopharyngeal incompetence reduction was evident at 4 months and 2 years after surgery. The extended recovery period suggests that the anticipated postoperative shrinkage of the ringed fascia lata without peritendinous areolar tissue played a more prominent role than intravelar veloplasty and palatal lengthening, which posteroinferiorly elongated the atonic soft palate. Although the pharyngeal flap procedure is the most popular technique for treatment of velopharyngeal incompetence, it is sometimes accompanied by respiratory complications. Thus, the gradual postoperative shrinkage of a ringed fascia lata graft encircling the velopharyngeal muscles functions as an intravelar palatal lift and may be an additional surgical method with less respiratory complications to narrow atonic nasopharyngeal port.

  7. Festivali erinevad palged / Niina Kotsarenko ; tõlk. Madis Kolk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kotsarenko, Niina

    2007-01-01

    Mõnedest selleaastasele teatrifestivalile "Talveöö unenägu 2006" iseloomulikest joontest. Erinevatest meistriklassidest, lühidalt etendustest: "Söör Vantes. Donki Hot" - lavastaja Dmitri Krõmovislandi, "Saja-aastane maja" Fru Emilia Teatri esituses, jaapanlase Issei Ogata monoetendus "Linnaelu kataloog" - lavastaja Yuzo Morita, Ghana tantsuansambli Kusum Gboo tantsusetendus "Somu" Richard Danguah lavastuses. Vene teatrikriitikustNatalja Krõmovast, tema sidemetest Eestiga ja tema raamatu "Nimed" presentatsioonist Linnateatris. Lk. 36-38 lühiintervjuud lavastaja Dmitri Krõmovi, tõlkija ja dramaturg Fredrik Linde ning festivali kunstilise juhi Jaanus Rohumaaga

  8. Ortaöğretimde Okul- Aile İşbirliği İle İlgili Öğretmen ve Veli Görüşlerinin İncelenmesi (Karacasu Lisesi Örneği)

    OpenAIRE

    CEYLAN, Mehmet; AKAR, Birkan

    2011-01-01

    Durum saptamaya yönelik betimsel bir çalışma olan bu araştırmada, okul- aile işbirliği ile ilgili öğretmen ve veli görüşlerinin belirlenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Çalışma grubuna araştırmanın yapıldığı okulda görevli 25 öğretmen ile okulda öğrencisi bulunan 287 veli alınmıştır. Öğrenciler aracılığıyla velilere gönderilen anket formlarından 200 tanesinin geri dönüşümü sağlanmış ve değerlendirilmiştir. Araştırmanın bulgularına göre hem öğretmenlerin hem de velilerin mevcut okul- aile işbirliğinin geli...

  9. Vabadussammas : kaks pragmaatilist argumenti / Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Treier, Heie, 1963-

    2008-01-01

    Tallinnasse planeeritavast Vabadussõja võidusambast, võrdluseks Nõukogude okupatsiooniohvrite memoriaali konkursist Riias (võidutöö kunstnik Kristaps Gelzis, arhitekt Ilze Mikelsone, helilooja Voldemars Juhansons)

  10. Milleks monumenti = Why a monument? / Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Treier, Heie, 1963-

    2006-01-01

    2006. a. toimunud Jüri Lotmani mälestusmärgi konkursist, Mati Karmini ja Andres Lunge võidutööst. Monumentide positiivseid näiteid: Tubina plats Tartus (Aili Vahtrapuu, Veronika Valk, Louis Dandrel), ideekavandid: Estonia teatri juubelimonument Tallinnas (Tiiu Kirsipuu, Üla Koppel) ja Eesti iseseisvuse monument Pärnus Rüütli platsil (Mart Aas, Kaarel Eelma, Mikk Mutso). Bibl. lk. 73

  11. Eesti kunst poola silmade kaudu / Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Treier, Heie, 1963-

    2002-01-01

    Poolas Gdanski Laznia keskuses avatud eesti kunsti suurnäitusest, mille koostas Malgorzata Lisiewizc, kes võttis näituse komplekteerimise keskseks märksõnaks "keha". Osaleb 30 kunstnikku, ilmus kataloog. Eksponaatide saatetekstidest

  12. Raoul Kurvitz esitleb : "Armastusest" & "RED" / Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Treier, Heie, 1963-

    2000-01-01

    Näitus "Armastusest" Vaal-galeriis, näituse avamine toimus kunstniku performance'iga. Sõnumina mainitakse Raoul Kurvitza kuraatoriprojekti "RED" Mustpeade Maja valges saalis, loetletud eksponeeritud kunstnikud

  13. Ettevalmistus noortebiennaaliks Pärnus / Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Treier, Heie, 1963-

    2007-01-01

    Ideest korraldada 2007. aasta sügisel Tallinnas esimene noorte kunstnike biennaal, mille toimkonda juhivad Rael Artel ning Airi Triisberg. Pärnus toimunud üritusest "Public preparation. Exercises on Adhocracy"

  14. Festival, mis kodustas linnakeskkonna / Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Treier, Heie, 1963-

    1998-01-01

    7.-8. nov. toimunud Tallinna linnakultuuri festivalist 'Backdoor Media'. Kunstiakadeemias toimunud ürituste kuraator Hanno Soans. Seal linastunud Mari Sobolevi ja tema 'kogukonna' road-movie'st. Peeter Linnapi videoloeng kunstnikust kui kriitilisest institutsioonist. Raoul Kurvitza etteaste alternatiivsest raharinglusest (loeng, video).

  15. Kunstnikukeskne näitus / Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Treier, Heie, 1963-

    2016-01-01

    Näitus "Pseudo" EKKMis. Kuraator Marten Esko, kujundaja Allan Appelberg, kunstnikud Dénes Farkas ja Taavi Talve, Dora García, Flo Kasearu, Jevgeni Zolotko, Kristiina Hansen ja Sigrid Viir ning Neeme Külm

  16. Andestus, puhastumine ja kirgastus / Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Treier, Heie, 1963-

    2011-01-01

    Žürii liige kommunismiohvrite memoriaali asukoha ja ideekavandi võistlusest. 66 võistlustööd on väljas näitusel Eesti Arhitektuurimuuseumis 16.11.-04.12.2011. 1.-2. kohta jagavad ideekavandid "Vest" (autorid Armin Valter, Joel Kopli) ja "Mälutulbad" (autor Koit Ojaliiv). Loetletud eripreemia saanud neli tööd, äramärgitud neli tööd, žürii koosseis

  17. Rahvakunst Marika ja Heinz Valgu kollektsioonist : Heie Treier soovitab / Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Treier, Heie, 1963-

    2000-01-01

    12. märtsini Tarbekunstimuuseumis avatud näitusest, mille on kujundanud Heinz Valk. Soovitatakse külastada Kunstihoones Anu Juuraku näitust 'Tsoon 2', kus tegeldakse identiteedi probleemidega kõrgtehnoloogilisel tasandil.

  18. Pärnus paati kõigutamas / Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Treier, Heie, 1963-

    1999-01-01

    Seminar 'Tsensuur ja enesetsensuur täna, 10 aastat hiljem' 18.-20. augustil Uue Kunsti Muuseumis. E. Lucie-Smithi, J. Vidal-Halli, E. Ohlsoni, L. Lapini esinemisest. E. Lucie-Smithi ja J. Vidal-Halli arvamus Ly Lestbergi fotodest, millel on kujutatud kaks alasti poisikest. Uue Kunsti Muuseumi näitusest 'Mees ja naine (mees ja mees)', kus probleeme põhjustasid homoerootilised tööd.

  19. Pärnus toimus "sõda" / Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Treier, Heie

    2007-01-01

    Pärnu Kontserdimajas Pärnu Nüüdismuusikapäevade ja kunstifestivali "In Graafika" raames toimunud üritusest, milles osalesid Eesti Rahvusmeeskoor ja rühmitus C.n.o.P.t. Performance'l plaanitud kunsti ja muusika ühinemist teoks ei saanud

  20. Academia Non Grata Pärnus / Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Treier, Heie, 1963-

    1999-01-01

    1998. a. oktoobris Pärnus tegevust alustanud alternatiivsest kunstikoolist Academia Non Grata, mille asutasid Al Paldrok, Reiu Tüür ja Margus Tiitsmaa, toetajaiks Ülo Vooglaid, Leonhard Lapin, Raul Meel. Koolimajast, õpetajaskonna koosseisust, õppekavast, Pärnu performance'i koolkonnast. Loetletud kooli esinemised.

  1. Dialektiline sisevaade Manifestale / Bert Theis ; interv. Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Theis, Bert

    1998-01-01

    Bert Theis korraldab 'Manifesta 2' kolm konverentsi ja workshop'i, regulaarse bussiekskursiooni Karl Marxi sünnimajja Trieri ning esitab puhkeruumi kujunduse Luxembourgi Casinos. B . Theis oma kunstitegevuse seosest filosoofiaga.

  2. Moodsa kunsti järeleaitamistund / Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Treier, Heie, 1963-

    1998-01-01

    Bruce Naumani näitus 'Kiasmas' Helsingis 24. jaanuarini 1999. Majandusajakiri 'Capital' paigutab B. Naumani maailma kunstnike top 100-s esimesele kohale. Bruce Naumanist (s. 1941 USA-s Indiana osariigis), tema filmidest, videotest, videoinstallatsioonidest, konkreetsetest töödest. Neoonsõnumitest, nende võrdlus Jenny Holzeri töödega.

  3. Kunst elada piiri peal / Eric Kluitenberg ; interv. Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kluitenberg, Eric

    1999-01-01

    Võrguteoreetik Eric Kluitenberg Amsterdamist valgustab 'Interstanding 3' 'Ülalpool piire' tagamaad ja seost Eestiga. Üritus toob Eestisse rahvusvahelisi tippteoreetikuid, kes analüüsivad elu piiri peal, ja kunstnikke, kes seda seisundit oma loomingus kajastavad. Osalema kutsutuid. Piiripealsuset seoses poliitika, interneti, meediaga, äärealadest.

  4. Pommery kogemus # 5 / Raul Keller ; intervjueerinud Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Keller, Raul, 1973-

    2008-01-01

    Muljeid Prantsusmaal Reimsis Pommery šampanjamõisas toimunud installatsioonide näituselt "L`Art Contemporain en Europe. Expérience Pommery # 5", kus ta esines kahe kohaspetsiifilise heliinstallatsiooniga. Näitus toimus 24 Euroopa kunstiajakirja koostööna, Eestist osales projektis ajakiri Kunst.ee

  5. Torm Balti merel / Märt Treier ; interv. Inge Pitsner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Treier, Märt, 1975-

    2004-01-01

    TV3 näitab saksa poliitilist põnevusfilmi "Balti torm" ("Baltic Storm"), mis kujutab parvlaev "Estonia" hukku : stsenarist, produtsent Jutta Rabe : režissöör Reuben Leder. Filmi eel on teles Märt Treieri saade "Tormist sündinud tormid"

  6. Kahe Jaani jutt / Jaan Toomik, Jaan Paavle ; interv. Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Toomik, Jaan, 1961-

    1998-01-01

    J. Toomiku ja J. Paavle arvamusi performance'itegemise ja oma performance'i "Tõus" (muusika R. Remme, video striptiis A. Remme, P. Rodgers), mis toimus 12. augustil 1998 Haapsalu lossipargis ning põhjustas kirikutegelaste pahameele, kohta

  7. "Paljutõotavad noored kunstnikud" - igaveseks / Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Treier, Heie, 1963-

    1998-01-01

    20. sajandi esimesel poolel noorelt surnud eesti kunstnikke. Euroopa maades suundanäitav inglise graafik Aubrey Beardsley (1872-1898) suri 26-aastaselt. H. Treieri arvates on eesti kunstnikest temaga võrreldav Erik Obermann

  8. MEŞÎHAT ARŞİV KAYITLARINDA HACI BEKTAŞ VELÎ VE BEKTAŞİLİK İLE İLGİLİ YAZILI KAYNAĞIN TESPİTİ [DETECTION OF WRITTEN SOURCES RELATED TO HAJI BEKTASH VELI AND BEKTASHI ORDER IN THE MEŞÎHAT ARCHIVE RECORDS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uğur Sümer

    2017-09-01

    order to get their views on the information and demands included in the document, consists of three chapters and a conclusion part. The translation of the document dated 1920 was conducted by Asst. Prof. Ayhan Işık who detected the document in the meşîhat archive of the Istanbul Mufti’s Office, on behalf of the Turkish Culture and Haji Bektash Veli Association (Türk Kültürü ve Hacı Bektaş Velî Vakfı. The original images and transcription of the document is included in the appendix of the study. A simplified Turkish text which contains the following information was examined by our association and evaluated with the present written sources: Haji Bektash Veli’s genealogy, his spiritual lineage of Hodja Ahmed Yesevi, the education he received from Lokman Perende, his marital status being single, his following representatives who were not his children but companions, the number of dervishes he raised, the customary practices of the Bektashi order.

  9. Şiir Sanatında Anlatım Araçlarına Poetik Metinlerin Yaklaşımı ve “Yeni” Yorumu (Aristoteles, Şerşeneviç ve Orhan Veli’nin Poetik Metinleri Bağlamında Poetic Text’s Approaches to Means of Expression and “Modern” Interpretation in Poetry (In the Context of Poetic Texts of Aristotle, Shershenevich and Orhan Veli

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Özlem PARER

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available In the history of poetry adventure from ancient times to date, thepoet’s invariable characteristic has been his creativity glorified all thetime. However, creativity criteria may vary in different periods. The firstdescription of Poetry and Poet go back to Poetics of Greek philosopherAristotle, who had an understanding close to modern literary theoryand performed the first systematic study on the literature principlesfunctioning and organization based on perceptible data. The mostimportant aspect of Poetics in terms of the subject of this study is thedescription of the poetry language as a specific area of language and theclassification of the functional elements of this structure. However,poetry elements, which have become a tradition in historical processwith changing sense and expectation of art due to many reasons, wereneeded to be reviewed again and caused the pursuit of novelty in 20thcentury. The opposition to the tradition and pursuit of novelty have ledus to find intersection point between Russian futurism and the “Garip”movement in Turkish poetry, although they are not followers of oraffected by each other. Shershenevich and Orhan Veli, explained theiropposition to the traditional and stereotype attitudes towards poetry foryears such as vocabulary, rhyme and meter and rhetorical devices intheir poetry as well as their poetic knowledge by giving justifications.While reviewing the characteristics of poetry, Russian futuristssupported the tendency to neologism, and Garip poets supported thetendency to simplified language of the people that new poetryconception is addressed to. When discussing the common and differentpoint of views of three different authors from different ages, in the poetictext we have studied by giving examples from 20th century Russian andTurkish poetries, it was found out that the idea welcomed for long thatthe poetry is valuable in proportion to its compliance with specific formshas not been accepted. Antik

  10. Location of the levator veli palatini insertion following levator retropositioning, palatal pushback, and pharyngeal flap procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mulliken, J B; Giargiana, F A; Claybaugh, G J; Hoopes, J E

    1975-07-01

    A long-term cineradiographic follow-up study of twenty patients with velo-pharyngeal incompetence fails to demonstrate predictable retrodisplacement of the levator insertion following combined levator retropositioning, pushback, and pharyngeal flap procedures. Simple levator retropositioning gave posterior displacement in the two patients evaluated. Patients with normal or posterior levator insertions pre-operatively all demonstrated post-operative anterior displacement following pharyngeal flap procedures, either alone or in combination with pushback. Anterior levator displacement may be the result of scar contraction or division of the levator sling (during insetting of a pharyngeal flap). Pre-operative and post-operative speech evaluation demonstrated substantial improvement in all except 3 patients; 2 of the poor speech results were patients with demonstrated levator retrodisplacement on post-operative cineradiography.

  11. Jakými veličinami popsat reakční rychlost?

    OpenAIRE

    Wichterle, Kamil; Wichterlová, Jana

    2009-01-01

    Various definitions of the reaction rate are discussed. It is strongly recommended to accept the concept of reaction rate as generally used by chemical engineers. The trivialized definition by IUPAC appears to be impractical.

  12. Model dimenzioniranja optimalne veličine parkirališta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Željko Kerkez

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the proposed model for determining the optimal number of parking places following the conditions and requirements of high standard of provision of services to the users and positive economic effects of car parking operations. The characteristics of car parking operations have been obtained through simulation on the model by varying the input parameters as the intensity of the input flow, parking times, number of parking places, etc. Checking of the results obtained has been completed by application of economic methods.

  13. Sponsorlus - kas kasu saab aidatav või aitaja? / Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Treier, Heie, 1963-

    1998-01-01

    Raamatust "Mõtete vabakaubandus", milles vestlevad saksa päritolu ameerika kunstnik Hans Haacke ning prantsuse filosoof ja sotsioloog Pierre Bourdieu kultuuri rahastamisest. Helsingis juunis Kiasma korraldatud samateemalisest seminarist. Kurioosumeid Eestist

  14. Monumendid ja mõtteviisid : Riia, Kent ja Tallinn / Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Treier, Heie, 1963-

    2008-01-01

    Tallinnasse HarjumäeleVabadussõja võidusamba püstitamiseks korraldatud konkursist. Riiga Nõukogude okupatsiooni ohvrite mälestusmärgi püstitamiseks korraldatud rahvusvahelisest konkursist (võidutöö autor Kristaps Gelzis). Inglismaale Kenti kavandatava valge hobuse skulptuuri (autor Mark Wallinger) maksumuseks arvestatakse umbes 44 miljonit krooni, Tallinnasse rajatava võidusamba maksumuseks aga umbes 100 miljonit krooni

  15. Särav Fauni pärastlõuna / Märt Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Treier, Märt, 1975-

    1998-01-01

    Sari "Klassika pärle" Estonia'kontserdisaalis 29.jaanuaril.Kavas C. Debussy 'Fauni pärastlõuna', C. Saint-Saensi Tshellokontsert nr.1 a-moll, O.Respighi 'Rooma purskaevud' ja I. Stravinski Süit balletist "Tulilind".Esit ERSO, Dir Andrei Tshistjakov

  16. Uutmoodi akadeemiline. Arhitekt Louis Kahn ja tema dialoog Kuressaare lossiga / Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Treier, Heie, 1963-

    2016-01-01

    Tallinna Ülikooli tutvustava lause "Uutmoodi akadeemiline" raames tehtud uurimistööst Saaremaal sündinud arhitekti Louis I. Kahni loomingu hüpoteetilisest seotusest Saaremaa keskaegse arhitektuurikoolkonna hoonetega

  17. Gurmee, kiirtoit ja koduköök läbisegi / Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Treier, Heie, 1963-

    2006-01-01

    Rahvusvahelisest joonistuste näitusest "Improvisatsioon" Tallinna Kunstihoones. Oma töid eksponeerivad Tõnis Vint, Evald Okas, Lembit Sarapuu, Aili Vahtrapuu, Albert Gulk, Ülle Marks, Anu Kalm, Vive Tolli, Inga Heamägi, Evi Tihemets, Mare Vint, Maria-Kristiina Ulas, Kuzja Zverev, Tiina Tammetalu jt

  18. 'Seal, kus oleme meie, on muuseum!' ; Eva ja Adele Helsingis / interv. Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1998-01-01

    Elavad skulptuurid Saksamaalt Eva ja Adele etendasid moodsa kunsti muuseumi Kiasma avamisel performance'it 'Seal, kus oleme meie, on muuseum'. Intervjuu kunstnikega. Kunstnikepaarist, nende eesmärgist, millistes maades võetakse neid kergemini vastu, Kiasmast jm

  19. Four vision of contemporary Estonian art : the series of exhibitions Estonian art / Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Treier, Heie, 1963-

    2000-01-01

    Neljast eesti kunsti näitusest 2000. a. märtsis-aprillis Tartus ja Tallinnas, nende kuraatoritest: Toomas Vint, Reet Varblane, Peeter Allik, Johannes Saar. Déj́-vu (Tallinn). Naturalism (Tallinn). AIDS kultuuris (Tallinn). Eneseksjäämine (Tartu)

  20. Počítání s vágností I - Fuzzy veličiny

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Mareš, Milan

    2001-01-01

    Roč. 44, č. 1 (2001), s. 34-37 ISSN 0005-125X R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAA1075106; GA ČR GA402/99/0032 Institutional research plan: AV0Z1075907 Keywords : fuzzy numbers * fuzzy sets * fuzzy quantities Subject RIV: BB - Applied Statistics, Operational Research

  1. Plodnost i veličina legla kod europske srne (capreolus capreolus, L.) u šumi Haljevo

    OpenAIRE

    Nikolandić, Đuro; Degmečić, Dražen

    2007-01-01

    U razdoblju od 1968. do 1972. godine vršena su ekološka istraživanja srna u šumama Baranje. Iz toga doba jednim projektom istraživanja postavljen je cilj ustanoviti plodnost populacije srna u šumi Haljevo. Redovito parenje srna počinjalo je u drugoj polovici srpnja a završavalo oko sredine kolovoza. Zametak (embrij) oplođenih srna je zbog postojanja embriotenije u fazi mirovanja, odnosno zbog neprimjetne diobe stanica zametka, sve do kraja prosinca, prostim okom čovjeka nije primjetan. Iz tog...

  2. EXPO 2000 : Eestit müüb ekstravagantne arhitektuur ja tühjus / Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Treier, Heie, 1963-

    1999-01-01

    Võimalustest müüa Eestit näitusel EXPO 2000 Hannoveris. Eesti paviljonist, mida projekteeritakse Eesti paviljoni arhitektuurikonkursil II kohta jaganud Raivo Kotovi ja Andrus Kõresaare kavandi järgi. Arhitektuurivõistluse kavandid on väljas Rotermanni soolalaos 22. aug.-ni.

  3. Öğrenci - Veli - Okul Sözleşmesi Üzerine Bir Araştırma

    OpenAIRE

    Ereş, Figen

    2014-01-01

    Background In 2005, Ministry of National Education issued a circular starting the implementation of Student-Parent-School contract describing responsibilities of Schools and Parents in primary and secondary schools. The purpose of Student-Parent-School contract was stated as building a culture of democracy in school by improving parent participation and involvement in school processes. Purpose The purpose of this study is to describe the teachers' views on implementation ...

  4. Bicykl Jejího Veličenstva: O národním habitu a sociologické komparaci

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giselinde Kuipers

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Why are things different on the other side of national borders; and how can this be explained sociologically? This inaugural lecture tries to answer these questions, starting from the example of the bicycle in the Netherlands. It distinguishes four processes that have contributed to increasing similarity within nations: growing interdependence within nations; increasing density of networks and institutions; vertical diffusion of styles and standards; and the development of national we-feelings. Together, these processes have contributed to the development of national habitus: increasing similarities within nations, and increasing differences between people living in different countries. These processes have reached their apex in the second half of the twentieth century. Since then, they have diminished, leading to increasing variations within countries, and growing similarities between comparable groups in different countries. This analysis poses new questions and challenges for sociologists. First, it leads us to rethink comparative research: what are we comparing when we compare nations, and is this still a viable unit of analysis? Second, it leads us to consider how the transfer of styles and standards occurs in our informalized, globalized, and mediatized age. Third, sociologists should analyse the new forms of inequality resulting from these processes, such as the growing rift between ‘locals’ and (bike-loving cosmopolitans.

  5. Loodusmonumendid kui rahvuse monumendid : Eesti rändrahnude tähendusest = Monuments of Nature as Monuments of Nation / Robert W Smurr ; tõlk. Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Smurr, Robert W

    2001-01-01

    Rahvaluule- ja loodusteadlastele viidates analüüsib autor eesti rahvusliku identiteedi konstrueerimist loodusmonumendi mõiste abil. Artikkel on lühendatud versioon uurimistööst "Loodustaju ja selle rahvuslik avaldumine : Eesti keskkondlik ajalugu"

  6. Kunstiteaduslik doktoritöö EKA-s kaitstud / Ingrid Ruudi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruudi, Ingrid

    2005-01-01

    Heie Treier "Kohalik modernsus kunstis. Eesti varamodernistliku kunsti teoreetiline ja ajalooline kontseptualiseerimine ning Karl Pärsimägi paradigmaleidmise perioodil". Juhendaja Thomas McEvilley, eelretsensent Katrin Kivimaa ja Ene Lamp. Oponent Jaak Kangilaski

  7. SA Kultuurileht teatab, et kunst.ee järgmiseks peatoimetajaks valiti Andreas Trossek / Andreas Trossek ; intervjueerinud Reet Varblane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Trossek, Andreas, 1980-

    2009-01-01

    Eesti kunsti ja visuaalkultuuri ajakirja kunst.ee uus peatoimetaja üleminekust toimetusepõhisele töömudelile, ajakirjaga seotud muutustest. Kolmeliikmelisse toimetusse kuuluvad veel Heie Treier ja Ave Randviir. Uue kujunduskontseptsiooni loob Margus Tamm

  8. Toetuse saab äpardujalt tagasi nõuda / Kairi Oja ; kommenteerinud Lea Orro

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Kairi

    2011-01-01

    PRIA peadirektor Jaan Kallas, SA Archimedes struktuuriüksuste juhataja Alice Liblik, Keskkonnainvesteeringute Keskuse kommunikatsioonijuht Kristiina Pennar, SA Innove juhatuse liige Lea Orro ning Kredexi juhataja Andrus Treier eurotoetuste tagasinõudmise põhjustest

  9. Художник Мяги и его мифы / Кейу Вирро, Хейди Тооме

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Вирро, Кейу, 1987-

    2009-01-01

    Maalikunstnik Konrad Mäest ja tema tööde populaarsuse kasvust. Konrad Mäe maalide hindadest 1.detsembril toimunud E-kunstisalongi oksjonil. Kommenteerivad galerist Tiia Karelson ja kunstiajaloolane Heie Treier

  10. Mednarodni standardi - veličine in enote (ISO 31-0 do 31-13): International standards - quantities and units (ISO 31-0 to 31-13):

    OpenAIRE

    Glavič, Peter

    2002-01-01

    In this paper the international standards ISO 31 (Quantities and units) are presented with the following parts: ISO 31-0 (General principles), ISO 31-1 (Space and time), ISO 31-2 (Periodic and related phenomena), ISO 31-3 (Mechanics), ISO 31-4 (Heat), ISO 31-5 (Electricity and magnetism), ISO 31-8 (Physical chemistry and molecular physics), ISO 31-12 (Characteristic numbers)and others. The emphasis is given on the basic principles, which is important for writing of reports, presentations, art...

  11. Nägemise orvud (ehk Kuidas modernism on olnud kohutav lapsevanem) = Orphans of Vision (or how modernism has been an awful parent) / Jeremy Canwell ; tõlk. Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Canwell, Jeremy

    2008-01-01

    Jüri Okase, vene maalikunstniku Grisha Bruskini ja saksa kunstniku Blinky Palermo (sünd. Peter Schwarz) looming ameerika minimalismi seisukohtadelt vaadatuna. Ameerika kunstikriitiku Clement Greenbergi seisukohad

  12. ETV ekraanigraafika on Euroopa parimate seas / René Vilbre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vilbre, René, 1970-

    2011-01-01

    Euroopa avalik-õiguslikle telejaamade konkurentsis valiti ETV ekraanigraafika viie parima hulka. Finaali pääses ETV kahes kategoorias - "Best design package" ja "Best use of audio". Intervjuu vaheklippide autori René Vilbrega. Võttemeeskonda kuulusid veel toimetaja Anu Välba, operaatorid Kristjan-Jaak Nuudi ja Ergo Treier

  13. Au tööle / Andreas Trossek, Margus Tamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Trossek, Andreas, 1980-

    2009-01-01

    Vastuseks Mari Laanemetsa ja Indrek Sirkli artiklike "Elu on läinud paremaks, elu on läinud lõbusamaks ...?" (Sirp, 2009, 31. 07, lk. 18-19) Eesti kunsti ja visuaalkultuuri ajakirja "Kunst.ee" 2009. aasta nr. 1-2 sisu ja kujunduse kohta. Ajakirja uus toimetus: Andreas Trossek - peatoimetaja, Heie Treier, Ave Randviir, kujundaja Margus Tamm

  14. Kohtumispaik Szczecin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Läänemeremaade kunstnike näitus 'N.E.W.S.' 29. X-5. XII Poolas Szczecini lossis. Eesti väljapaneku konsultant Heie Treier, Eestist osalevad Inessa Josing, Mart Viljus, Jasper Zoova, Mari Laanemets, Killu Sukmit. Üldkuraatorid loetletud

  15. A. H. Tammsaare muuseumi kultuuriülikoolis oli 24. IV kaasaegse kunsti õhtu...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Heie Treier jagas muljeid USA multikultuurilisest kunstielust. Kultuuridevahelisi seoseid tõi esile nüüdiskunstnike Boriss Mihhailovi, Juri Lobanovi (Kutshõran), Pavel Mikushevi tutvustus ning arutlus Paul Rodgersi ja Ülo Soosteri asendist omas/võõras kunstikeskkonnas

  16. Injectable hydrogels derived from phosphorylated alginic acid calcium complexes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Han-Sem; Song, Minsoo, E-mail: minsoosong00@gmail.com; Lee, Eun-Jung; Shin, Ueon Sang, E-mail: usshin12@dankook.ac.kr

    2015-06-01

    Phosphorylation of sodium alginate salt (NaAlg) was carried out using H{sub 3}PO{sub 4}/P{sub 2}O{sub 5}/Et{sub 3}PO{sub 4} followed by acid–base reaction with Ca(OAc){sub 2} to give phosphorylated alginic acid calcium complexes (CaPAlg), as a water dispersible alginic acid derivative. The modified alginate derivatives including phosphorylated alginic acid (PAlg) and CaPAlg were characterized by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy for {sup 1}H, and {sup 31}P nuclei, high resolution inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and thermogravimetric analysis. CaPAlg hydrogels were prepared simply by mixing CaPAlg solution (2 w/v%) with NaAlg solution (2 w/v%) in various ratios (2:8, 4:6, 6:4, 8:2) of volume. No additional calcium salts such as CaSO{sub 4} or CaCl{sub 2} were added externally. The gelation was completed within about 3–40 min indicating a high potential of hydrogel delivery by injection in vivo. Their mechanical properties were tested to be ≤ 6.7 kPa for compressive strength at break and about 8.4 kPa/mm for elastic modulus. SEM analysis of the CaPAlg hydrogels showed highly porous morphology with interconnected pores of width in the range of 100–800 μm. Cell culture results showed that the injectable hydrogels exhibited comparable properties to the pure alginate hydrogel in terms of cytotoxicity and 3D encapsulation of cells for a short time period. The developed injectable hydrogels showed suitable physicochemical and mechanical properties for injection in vivo, and could therefore be beneficial for the field of soft tissue engineering. - Highlights: • Preparation of water-soluble alginic acid complexes with calcium phosphate • Self-assembly of the phosphorylated alginic acid calcium complexes with sodium alginate • Preparation of injectable hydrogels with diverse gelation times within about 3–40 min.

  17. Modified immunosuppressive therapy with porcine antilymphocyte globulin plus delayed cyclosporine A in children with severe aplastic anemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cui, Qingya; Sha, Pingping; Chen, Haifei; Shen, Hongshi; Qin, Longmei; Li, Zhengyang; Wu, Tianqin; Wang, Zhaoyue

    2018-01-01

    Immunosuppressive therapy (IST) with antithymocyte globulin (ATG) and cyclosporine (CsA) is the standard treatment for children with severe aplastic anemia (SAA) with no human leukocyte antigen-matched siblings. Due to the unavailability of horse ATG in China, porcine antilymphocyte globulin (p-ALG), which is less expensive and more effective than rabbit ATG, is widely used. We sought to evaluate the efficacy and safety profile of modified IST with p-ALG plus delayed CsA at day 21 in 50 SAA children. Eighteen SAA patients who progressed from nonsevere aplastic anemia (NSAA) were classified as SAA-II; the other 32 patients were classified as SAA-I. Overall response (OR) rates at 3, 6 and 12 months were 56, 64 and 62%, respectively. The 10-year overall survival (OS) rate and disease-free survival (DFS) rate were 80 and 56%. The OR, OS and DFS rates in the SAA-I group were clearly better than those in the SAA-II group. Death rate from infection within 30 days was 4%. Modified IST with p-ALG plus delayed CsA is a reliable and well-tolerated treatment for children with SAA, and reduces early death due to infection. Modified IST is more suitable for children with SAA-I.

  18. Gailit protesteerib : [August Gailiti kiri Valev Uibopuule 14. okt. 1956] / August Gailit

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gailit, August, 1891-1960

    1998-01-01

    Leonid Treti mälestuste käsikirjast 'A. H. Tammsaare, nagu teda tundsin'. Vastukajad: Siimisker, Leenu. Kultuuri, enam tekstikriitilist kultuuri // Sirp (1998) 13. märts, lk. 18-19 ; Treier, Elem. Klassiku teenimise kibe leib // Sirp (1998) 17. apr., lk. 14 ; Rebane, Hilve. Isikuloolisi lisandusi A. H. Tammsaare tundmisesse // Keel ja Kirjandus (1998) nr. 5, lk. 343-345 ; Kronberg, Janika. Kaanonid ja apokrüüfid // Keel ja Kirjandus (1998) nr. 8, lk. 563-564

  19. Eestlased Hispaanias 'Diáspora'l'

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    5. XI Hispaanias Oviedos avatud rahvusvahelisest interdistsiplinaarsest kultuuriprojektist 'Diáspora' võtavad Eestist osa Terje Ojaver ja Peeter Laurits (valis kuraator Anke Mellin). Osaleb 17 maalt 44 kunstnikku, kelle kohaspetsiifilised tööd on seotud migratsiooniga, eksiiliga jne. 6.-7. XI toimunud seminaril esines Heie Treier loenguga, mis käsitles linnaruumi tõlgendusi viimase aja kunstis

  20. Balti mere maade kunstiajakirja uus number

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Balti mere maade kunstiajakirja "Mare Articum" numbris 2-3 (2/1998) kirjutab H. Treier kunsti ja äri vahekorrast kahe näite varal (J. Toomiku, R. Kurvitza ning J. Paavle performance Eesti Pangale 1998. a., Barclay kampaania "Art is Everywhere. Barclay Atmosphere"), H. Liivrand I. Josingu aknakujundustest "Manifesta II-l", J. Jedlinski Estonia laevahuku monumendist Stockholmis (autor M. Balka)

  1. Raamatututvustus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    2006. a. Tallinnas Eesti Kunstimuuseumilt ilmunud Heini Paasi koostatud album-kataloogist "Amandus Adamson 1855-1929" (kujundaja Tiit Jürna, toimetajad: Mai Levin, Anu Allas). 2007. a. Tallinnas ilmunud näitusekataloogist "Ado Lill" (koostaja ja essee autor Harry Liivrand, kujundaja Tiit Jürna, fotod: Liina Siib, Jaan Künnap, Peeter Sirge, Stanislav Stepashko). Ajakirja kunst.ee (peatoimetaja Heie Treier) 2007. a. numbrist 2, ajakirja Cheese (peatoimetaja Tiit Lepp) 2007. a. numbrist 23.

  2. Raamatututvustus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Tallinnas 2006. a. ilmunud Vappu Thurlowi artiklikogumikust "Lähenemised : kunstitekstid ja näitused 1988-2001" (toimetanud Heie Treier ja Kärt Hellerma, kujundanud Tõnu Kaalep). Eraldi peatükk on pühendatud koostööle Reti Saksa ja Põlendruumi galeriiga. Raamatust "So communication : translating each other's words" (Eesti Kunstiakadeemia ja B. Press, 2007, toimetanud Clare Charnley ja Katrin Kivimaa)

  3. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Muharrem Mercimek1 Kayhan Gulez1 Tarik Veli Mumcu1. Yildiz Technical University, Electrical-Electronics Faculty, Electrical Engineering Department, 34349 Besiktas-Istanbul, Turkey ...

  4. Joonatani triloogia : Joonatani teekond; Joonatani öö; Joonatani armastus / Karl Ristikivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ristikivi, Karl, 1912-1977

    1996-01-01

    Arvustus: Kangro, Bernard. Joonatan, kadunud veli. Lund : Eesti Kirjanike Kooperatiiv, 1971; Kangro, Bernard. Öö astmes X. Lund : Eesti Kirjanike Koopeatiiv, 1973; Kangro, Bernard. Puu saarel on alles. Lund : Eesti Kirjanike Kooperatiiv, 1973

  5. Disease: H01229 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available vely charged lysine (E706K). This region is important for myosin functioning during muscle contract...lysis. Clinical characteristics include congenital joint contractures, a progressive course in adulthood, an

  6. Smart variations: Functional substructures for part compatibility

    KAUST Repository

    Zheng, Youyi; Cohen-Or, Daniel; Mitra, Niloy J.

    2013-01-01

    As collections of 3D models continue to grow, reusing model parts allows generation of novel model variations. Naïvely swapping parts across models, however, leads to implausible results, especially when mixing parts across different model families

  7. Maksuameti eksjuht ostis 66000kroonise Picasso

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Modernistliku kunsti klassikute näituselt galeriis "Vaal" osteti kaks Picasso keraamilist teost: "Curly Hair Face" omandas 66000 krooni eest Kalev Järvelill ja "Man's Face" 33000 krooni eest ERA-Panga pankrotihaldur Veli Kraavi.

  8. Harju Elekter väärtustab strateegilist partnerlust / Andres Aarma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aarma, Andres

    2003-01-01

    Autor kirjeldab elektriseadmete ja -materjalide tootja, ettevõtte Harju Elekter edu põhjuseid läbi olulisemate strateegiliste juhtimisotsuste, personalijuhtimise, tootmise ning toodangu turustamise. Kommenteerivad Sander Danil, Jako Kotkas, Andres Vainola, Rein Siim ja Triin Palge. Diagrammid: Harju Elektri käive, eksport ja kasum, turud käibe järgi, tegevusalad käibe järgi. Skeemid: Harju Elektri tütar- ja sidusettevõtted, organisatsiooni struktuur. Vt. samas intervjuud Harju Elektri nõukogu esimehe Endel Pallaga; Harju Elektri kontsern täna. Lisad: Harju Elektri olulisemad koostöölepingud, laenude tagatised ja panditud vara

  9. Upon İsmet Kırdar’s Novel Hacı Bektaş Velî

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet SOĞUKÖMEROĞULLARI

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Bektaşilik, which was established in Sulucakarahöyük as the central and improved by Hacı Bektaş Veli after his coming from Central Asia to Anatolia and providing unity and integrity in Anatolia, has been a subject matter to the literary work in the context of intertextuality and in order to presented a representative type of Hacı Bektaş Veli. İsmet Kırdar’s comic book, is one of these works. In Hacı Bektaş Velî, character types, legendary life, historical aspect, nationalism, Bektaşilik, and collective memory are abundant. According to this, Hacı Bektaş Veli, conveys features of an exalted “veli type,” which is among idealized types. There are proximal connections between his legendary life and his life in the novel and between the official history and the history in the novel. In the novel Hacı Bektaş Velî, Hacı Bektaş Veli is portrayed as a figure that have Turkishİslamic consciousness. The novel, which includes various elements of Bektaşilik, also indicates Hacı Bektaş Veli’s position in the society in terms of collective memory. Therefore, the aim of this article is both to introduce a less known novel and to analyze elements of Bektaşilik with respect to literary appreciation

  10. Effect of cleft palate repair on the susceptibility to contraction-induced injury of single permeabilized muscle fibers from congenitally-clefted goat palates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Despite cleft palate repair, velopharyngeal competence is not achieved in ~ 15% of patients, often necessitating secondary surgical correction. Velopharyngeal competence postrepair may require the conversion of levator veli palatini muscle fibers from injury-susceptible type 2 fibers to injury-resi...

  11. The Effect of Cleft Palate Repair on Contractile Properties of Single Permeabilized Muscle Fibers From Congenitally Cleft Goats Palates

    Science.gov (United States)

    A cleft palate goat model was used to study the contractile properties of the levator veli palatini (LVP) muscle which is responsible for the movement of the soft palate. In 15-25% of patients that undergo palatoplasty, residual velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) remains a problem and often require...

  12. Reasoning about Independence in Probabilistic Models of Relational Data (Author’s Manuscript)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-06

    computer vision and information retrieval. Näıvely specifying a joint distribution by hand requires an exponential number of states; however, Bayesian...Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series B (Methodological), pages 267–288, 1996. Ioannis Tsamardinos, Laura E. Brown, and Constantin F. Aliferis

  13. DIE SUID-AFRIKAANSE JEUG IN VOORTREKKERTYDPERK

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dien. Die planke en velie moes keer dat die assegaaie die mense tref. Voor die geveg het die vrouens en groter dogters koeels gegiet. Tydens die geveg het die seuns gehelp skiet terwyl die vrouens en dogters die gewere vir die mans gelaai het. Van die dogters soos Nellie. Botha (11 jaar oud) en haar sussie Fya (15 jaar.

  14. Distributed Leadership: A Good Theory but What if Leaders Won't, Don't Know How, or Can't Lead?

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKenzie, Kathryn Bell; Locke, Leslie Ann

    2014-01-01

    This article presents the results from an empirical qualitative study of the challenges faced by teacher leaders in their attempts to work directly with their colleagues to change instructional strategies and improve student success. Additionally, it offers a challenge to the utility of a naïvely espoused theory of distributed leadership, which…

  15. Assessment of Speech in Primary Cleft Palate by Two‑layer Closure ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    the term “obturateur” to describe the plates of gold and silver used to occlude palatal ... complete cleft lip/palate), age at palatoplasty, preoperative and post operative ... in all these patients to free the tensor veli palatine tendon to facilitate the ...

  16. Three-Dimensional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Velopharyngeal Structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bae, Youkyung; Kuehn, David P.; Sutton, Bradley P.; Conway, Charles A.; Perry, Jamie L.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: To report the feasibility of using a 3-dimensional (3D) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) protocol for examining velopharyngeal structures. Using collected 3D MRI data, the authors investigated the effect of sex on the midsagittal velopharyngeal structures and the levator veli palatini (levator) muscle configurations. Method: Ten Caucasian…

  17. Author Affiliations

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Linear Algebra. DR Choudhari. Linear Algebra. Henry Helson. Trim Series, Texts and Readings in. Mathematics, 4. Hindustan Book Agency, 2nd Edn. Current Book Store Price:Rs.170. The book under review is comparati vely slim, and yet by treading a carefully chosen path the author covers as much ground as many.

  18. Four ways of value creation through infrastructure in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Proveniers, A.G.W.J.; Otter, den A.F.H.J.; Hilgers, T.C.; Westeinde, van 't S.M.; Wiel, van de T.P.B.; Wamelink, H.; Prins, M.; Geraedts, R.

    2009-01-01

    As the saying goes the Dutch are vely keen on spending money. But are they also keen in creating money and capture this? The answer seems to be no: In the Netherlands the financing of infrastructure and urban district development is normally a governmental matter. The government sometimes lacks the

  19. Türgi luule. Kahekümnenda sajandi esimene pool : [järelsõna] / Andres Ehin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ehin, Andres, 1940-2011

    1997-01-01

    Autorid: Ahmet Hasim, Nazim Hikmet Ran, Ercüment Behzat Lav, Cahit Sitki Taranci, Necip Fazil Kisakürek, Fazil Hüsnü Daglarca, Orhan Veli Kanik, Oktay Rifat, Melih Cevdet Anday, Cahit Kulebi, Ahmet Arif, Turgut Uyar

  20. Identification of hot spot area of sediment contamination in a lake system using texture characteristics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheela, A M; Letha, J; Joseph, Sabu; Thomas, Jobin

    2013-04-01

    Texture plays an important role in the identification of polluted stretch in a lake system. The organic matter as well as toxic elements get accumulated in the finer sediments. The aim of the work is to show the spatio-temporal distribution of texture of the lake sediment (Akkulam-Veli lake, Kerala) and to identify the hot spot areas of contamination. Hot spot areas vary with seasons. During PRM, (premonsoon), the upstream portion of the Akkulam lake is the hot spot. During MON (monsoon), the downstream portion of the Akkulam lake and the upstream portion of the Veli lake are the hot spots. During POM (postmonsoon), hot spot area is the downstream portion of the Akkulam lake. This methodology can be used for the quick identification of hot spots in water bodies.

  1. Význam Slovanského přehledu pro českou (zejména literárněvědnou) bulharistiku

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Černý, Marcel

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 101, č. 3 (2015), s. 627-671 ISSN 0037-6922 Institutional support: RVO:68378017 Keywords : Bulgarian literary studies * Czech-Bulgarian cultural relations * literary reception * Balkans * historiography * Šak, V * Tichý, František R. * Páta, Josef * Krăstev,Krăstjo * Veličkov, Konstantin * Penev, Bojan * Amort, Čestmír * Dimitrov, Georgi Subject RIV: AJ - Letters, Mass-media, Audiovision

  2. The effect of kineziotape on ankle joint in patients with cerebrovascular accident - objectivisation by a footscan

    OpenAIRE

    Veličková, Barbora

    2013-01-01

    BACHELOR THESIS ABSTRACT Name and surname: Barbora Veličková Supervisor: Bc. Tereza Chalupská Opponent: Title: The effect of kineziotape on ankle joint in patients with cerebrovascular accident - objectivisation by a footscan Key words: kineziotaping, ankle joint, cerebrovascular accident, Footscan® Abstract: This bachelor thesis is focused on on the effect of kineziotape on ankle joint in patients with cerebrovascular accident. The bachelor thesis consists of theoretical and practical part. ...

  3. Muljeid tungipõhisest edevusest / Tarmo Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tarmo, 1958-

    2003-01-01

    Dokumentaalfilm "Matias Keskineni kujutletud elu" ("Matias Keskisen kuviteltu elämä") : stsenarist, operaator, režissöör Veli Granö : Soome 1991. Iseõppinud soome skulptor, fotograaf ja filmitegija Matias Keskinen (1922-1997) on loonud 5-6meetrise läbimõõduga Urho Kaleva Kekkoneni poolbüsti, mis tegi autori tuntuks kogu Soomes

  4. ALOITTAVAN YRITYKSEN LIIKETOIMINTA-SUUNNITELMA : Case: Tuontivaatteita myyvä verkkokauppa

    OpenAIRE

    Finnilä, Ilkka

    2013-01-01

    Opinnäytetyön toimeksiantajana oli muotivaatteita myyvä verkkokauppayritys, joka tullaan perustamaan Ylivieskaan. Yrityksen perustajina toimivat Veli-Pekka Hyväri ja Md Rokonuzzaman. Yrityksen on tarkoitus aloittaa toimintansa ja lanseerata oma vaatemallisto markkinoille lähivuosina. Opinnäytetyön tavoitteena oli avata liiketoimintasuunnitelman tekoprosessia ja sisältöä sekä laatia liiketoimintasuunnitelma perustettavalle yritykselle. Liiketoimintasuunnitelman oli tarkoitus auttaa yritys...

  5. Relating microstructure, sensory and instrumental texture of processed oat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. SALMENKALLIO-MARTTILA

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available This study is a part of a larger project aiming to produce new, healthy, and tasty food ingredients from oat. Germination and different heating processes can be used to improve the texture and flavour of cereals. In this study effects of germination and wet and dry heating on the microstructure, instrumental structure and sensory properties of two oat varieties were assessed. The microstructure of native, germinated, autoclaved and extruded grains of the hulled cv. Veli and hull-less cv. Lisbeth was examined by light microscopy, the texture was measured by determining the milling energy and hardness of the grains and sensory characteristics were evaluated with descriptive sensory profile analysis. In cv. Veli the cells of the starchy endosperm were smaller than in cv. Lisbeth and ß-glucan was concentrated in the subaleurone layer. In cv. Lisbeth ß-glucan was evenly distributed in the starchy endosperm. The grains of cv. Lisbeth were more extensively modified in the germination process than the grains of cv. Veli, otherwise the effects of processing on the grains of the two cultivars were similar. Germination caused cell wall degradation, autoclaving and extrusion cooking caused starch gelatinization. Autoclaving resulted in the hardest perceived texture in oat. Gelatinization of starch appeared to contribute more to the hardness of oat groats than the cell wall structure. Of the instrumental methods used in this study the milling energy measurement appeared to be the most useful method for the analysis of the effects of processing on grain structure.;

  6. Hierarchical micro-nano structured Ti6Al4V surface topography via two-step etching process for enhanced hydrophilicity and osteoblastic responses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moon, Byeong-Seok; Kim, Sungwon; Kim, Hyoun-Ee; Jang, Tae-Sik, E-mail: cgamja@snu.ac.kr

    2017-04-01

    Hierarchical micro-nano (HMN) surface structuring of dental implants is a fascinating strategy for achieving fast and mechanically stable fixation due to the synergetic effect of micro- and nano-scale surface roughness with surrounding tissues. However, the introduction of a well-defined nanostructure on a microstructure having complex surface geometry is still challenging. As a means of fabricating HMN surface on Ti6Al4V-ELI, target-ion induced plasma sputtering (TIPS) was used onto a sand-blasted, large-grit and acid-etched substrate. The HMN surface topography was simply controlled by adjusting the tantalum (Ta) target power of the TIPS technique, which is directly related to the Ta ion flux and the surface chemical composition of the substrate. Characterization using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and laser scanning microscopy (LSM) verified that well-defined nano-patterned surface structures with a depth of ~ 300 to 400 nm and a width of ~ 60 to 70 nm were uniformly distributed and followed the complex micron-sized surface geometry. In vitro cellular responses of pre-osteoblast cells (MC3T3-E1) were assessed by attachment and proliferation of cells on flat, nano-roughened, micro-roughened, and an HMN surface structure of Ti6Al4V-ELI. Moreover, an in vivo dog mandible defect model study was used to investigate the biological effect of the HMN surface structure compared with the micro-roughened surface. The results showed that the surface nanostructure significantly increased the cellular activities of flat and micro-roughened Ti, and the bone-to-implant contact area and new bone volume were significantly improved on the HMN surface structured Ti. These results support the idea that an HMN surface structure on Ti6Al4V-ELI alloy has great potential for enhancing the biological performance of dental implants. - Highlights: • A micro-nano-hierarchical (MNH) surface structure on Ti6Al4V-ELI was fabricated via TIPS

  7. Hierarchical micro-nano structured Ti6Al4V surface topography via two-step etching process for enhanced hydrophilicity and osteoblastic responses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Moon, Byeong-Seok; Kim, Sungwon; Kim, Hyoun-Ee; Jang, Tae-Sik

    2017-01-01

    Hierarchical micro-nano (HMN) surface structuring of dental implants is a fascinating strategy for achieving fast and mechanically stable fixation due to the synergetic effect of micro- and nano-scale surface roughness with surrounding tissues. However, the introduction of a well-defined nanostructure on a microstructure having complex surface geometry is still challenging. As a means of fabricating HMN surface on Ti6Al4V-ELI, target-ion induced plasma sputtering (TIPS) was used onto a sand-blasted, large-grit and acid-etched substrate. The HMN surface topography was simply controlled by adjusting the tantalum (Ta) target power of the TIPS technique, which is directly related to the Ta ion flux and the surface chemical composition of the substrate. Characterization using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and laser scanning microscopy (LSM) verified that well-defined nano-patterned surface structures with a depth of ~ 300 to 400 nm and a width of ~ 60 to 70 nm were uniformly distributed and followed the complex micron-sized surface geometry. In vitro cellular responses of pre-osteoblast cells (MC3T3-E1) were assessed by attachment and proliferation of cells on flat, nano-roughened, micro-roughened, and an HMN surface structure of Ti6Al4V-ELI. Moreover, an in vivo dog mandible defect model study was used to investigate the biological effect of the HMN surface structure compared with the micro-roughened surface. The results showed that the surface nanostructure significantly increased the cellular activities of flat and micro-roughened Ti, and the bone-to-implant contact area and new bone volume were significantly improved on the HMN surface structured Ti. These results support the idea that an HMN surface structure on Ti6Al4V-ELI alloy has great potential for enhancing the biological performance of dental implants. - Highlights: • A micro-nano-hierarchical (MNH) surface structure on Ti6Al4V-ELI was fabricated via TIPS

  8. Proloog : [luuletused] / Henrik Visnapuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Visnapuu, Henrik, 1890-1951

    1998-01-01

    Sisu: Proloog ; Kui tuleb unung ; Ballil ; Maria ; Kaks algust ; Carpe diem ; Mõnitus ; Vabanemine ; Loobumus ; Valge naine ; Eokene eo-eo ; Näitsik ja päitsik ; Kevadõhtu ; Kõigile kannatajaile ; Langes lund, langes verist lund ; Sireli ; Ole tervitet, tervitet ; Õudse aja poees ; Ärge tapke inimest ; Ballil ; Tantsitar madudega ; Kevade külän ; Nii kavva, kui sa'i tule ; Sellel hirmsal ja õudsel ajal ; Kõnelused Issandaga 1 ; Kõnelused Issandaga 2 ; Kõnelus jalust ; Kõnelus käsist ; Kõnelus silmist ; Kõnelus kõrvust ; Kõnelus suust ja kõhust ; Kõnelus ninast ja nahast ; Kõnelus tolmikust ; Kõnelused Issandaga 10 ; Matsin mulda ; Laske mul olla kurb ; Esimene kiri Ingile ; Neljas kiri ; Kümnes kiri ; Poeet ja naine ; Tugevam kui surm on armastus ; Üits ränikivi ; Inimpuu ; Maarjamaa laulud I ; Maarjamaa laulud II ; Tõmbtuul ; Maarjamaa laulud III ; Surm ; Maarjamaa laulud IV ; Maarjamaa laulud V ; Maarjamaa laulud VIII ; Hingede öö ; Viimne teekond ; Surma on ruumid täis ; Aheldet inimen ; Ideed ; Puuslikkude perra I ; Puuslikkude perra II ; Surilina ; Hakkame kinni päikesest! ; Lahti ; Viidikas ; Särg ; Ahven ; Havi ; Angerjas ; Säinas ; Tulease ; Tagasisõit ; Viimne söömaaeg ; Ingi surm ; Astuge tasa ; Periheel ; Ingi haual ; Vahimees, ons ikka veel öö ; Tulevanem ; Saatana vari ; Astugem isamaa palge ette ; Viimne kevad

  9. Hierarchical micro-nano structured Ti6Al4V surface topography via two-step etching process for enhanced hydrophilicity and osteoblastic responses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moon, Byeong-Seok; Kim, Sungwon; Kim, Hyoun-Ee; Jang, Tae-Sik

    2017-04-01

    Hierarchical micro-nano (HMN) surface structuring of dental implants is a fascinating strategy for achieving fast and mechanically stable fixation due to the synergetic effect of micro- and nano-scale surface roughness with surrounding tissues. However, the introduction of a well-defined nanostructure on a microstructure having complex surface geometry is still challenging. As a means of fabricating HMN surface on Ti6Al4V-ELI, target-ion induced plasma sputtering (TIPS) was used onto a sand-blasted, large-grit and acid-etched substrate. The HMN surface topography was simply controlled by adjusting the tantalum (Ta) target power of the TIPS technique, which is directly related to the Ta ion flux and the surface chemical composition of the substrate. Characterization using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and laser scanning microscopy (LSM) verified that well-defined nano-patterned surface structures with a depth of ~300 to 400nm and a width of ~60 to 70nm were uniformly distributed and followed the complex micron-sized surface geometry. In vitro cellular responses of pre-osteoblast cells (MC3T3-E1) were assessed by attachment and proliferation of cells on flat, nano-roughened, micro-roughened, and an HMN surface structure of Ti6Al4V-ELI. Moreover, an in vivo dog mandible defect model study was used to investigate the biological effect of the HMN surface structure compared with the micro-roughened surface. The results showed that the surface nanostructure significantly increased the cellular activities of flat and micro-roughened Ti, and the bone-to-implant contact area and new bone volume were significantly improved on the HMN surface structured Ti. These results support the idea that an HMN surface structure on Ti6Al4V-ELI alloy has great potential for enhancing the biological performance of dental implants. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  10. Prikladnost metode spontanog emulgiranja u izradi nanoemulzija za oftalmičku primjenu

    OpenAIRE

    Pintur, Matej

    2017-01-01

    Nanoemulzije predstavljaju relativno nov terpaijski sustav s nekoliko prednosti u usporedbi s klasičnim terpijskim oblicima. Naročito su zanimljivi kao topikalni oftalmički oblici jer omogućuju bolju apsorpciju lijeka kroz barijere oka. Pripravljeno je nekoliko nanoemulzija različitih sastava metodom spontanog emulgiranja te im je ispitana veličina čestica, indeks polidisperznosti i zeta potencijal. Najbolja svojstva pokazale su nanoemulzije kod kojih je kao surfaktant korišten Cremophor EL, ...

  11. Magnetic resonance imaging of cleft palate

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Naito, Yasushi; Tasaka, Yasuyuki; Honjo, Iwao; Nishimura, Kazumasa; Nakano, Yoshihisa

    1987-03-01

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the nasopharynx and the eustachian tube was performed in five patients with cleft palate and compared with the results of those without this anomaly. Various degrees of deformity of the eustachian tube cartilage were found in cleft palate patients. The levator veli palatini muscles were situated more laterally in cleft palate patients than in normal subjects. Also, changes in the position of these muscles after palatoplasty were clearly depicted by MRI. Besides several autopsy reports, this is the first demonstration of the characteristic anomaly around the eustachian tube by a non-invasive method.

  12. Uvođenje programa osiguranja kvalitete pri mamografskom pregledu u Kliničkoj bolnici Osijek: prvi rezultati

    OpenAIRE

    Faj, Dario; Ivković, Ana; Štimac, Damir; Posedel, Dario; Kotromanović, Zdenka; Ivezić, Zdravko; Belaj, Nenad; Tomaš, Ilijan; Kubelka, Dragan

    2009-01-01

    Mamografija je najvažnija dijagnostička metoda za rano otkrivanje tumora dojke. Cilj je radiologa imati najbolju moguću dijagnostičku informaciju uz prihvatljivu dozu zračenja za bolesnika. Kakvoća slike i doza zračenja ovisi o velikom broju čimbenika kao što su brzina i kontrast filma, razvijanje filma, napon i automatski nadzor ekspozicije mamografskoga uređaja, te veličina i gustoća dojke. Uz to, uvjeti gledanja slike mogu značajno utjecati na točnost mamografske informacije. S obzirom na ...

  13. Lugemiseks mõeldud / Tiina Tammer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tammer, Tiina, 1960-

    2005-01-01

    Tutvustus: Käo, Henno. Väike rüütel Rikardo ; Raud, Piret. Ernesto küülikud ; Kass, Kristiina. Kasper ja viis tarka kassi ; Vaiksoo, Jaanus. Lumemöll ; Made, Reet. Veli Oliver (Tallinn : Tänapäev) - 2004. a. lastejutuvõistluse "Minu esimene raamat" auhinnatud tööd. Neljapäeval, 3. märtsil esitletakse kolme viimast Eesti Lastekirjanduse Teabekeskuses. Vt. ka sõnum: Postimees, 1. märts, lk. 14

  14. Statističke metode u kontroli kvalitete mlijeka i proizvoda

    OpenAIRE

    Filajdić, Mirko; Ritz, Milana; Vahčić, Nada; Vojnović, Vera; Grüner, Matilda; Vujanić, Diana

    1991-01-01

    Nakon osnivanja Analitičke sekcije na XXVIII. simpoziju mljekarske industrije 1990. godine ukazala se potreba proširenja spoznaja ili obnova znanja iz primjene statističkih metoda u interpretaciji rezultata analiza pri provjeri kakvoće mlijeka i mliječnih proizvoda. 1. Utvrđivanje slučajnih pogrešaka u rezultatima analiza - Prvi dio rada sadrži nekoliko praktičnih primjera utvrđivanja slučajne pogreške rezultata analiza kad se rezultati izražavaju kao kontinuirane ili diskretne veličine mjere...

  15. TERMODINAMIČNI PRERAČUN VIJAČNEGA IN BATNEGA KOMPRESORJA

    OpenAIRE

    Zorko, Bojan

    2010-01-01

    Diplomsko delo obravnava termodinamični pregled procesa kompresije zraka v vijačnem in batnem kompresorju. Izračunane veličine so osnovane na izmerjenih vrednostih skozi večletno obdobje obratovanja in kažejo realno sliko delovanja takšnih kompresorjev. V termodinamičnem procesu pri obeh tipih kompresorjev prihaja do manjše razlike, ki pa je v prid batnemu kompresorju. Kljub temu zaključujem, da zaradi konstrukcijskih razlik, ki jih imata obravnavana primera, vijačni kompresor vseeno predstav...

  16. Određivanje daljine cilja pomoću video senzora i analiza uticaja grešaka i šuma merenja / Target range evaluation using video sensor and analysis of the influence of measurement noise and errors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dragoslav Ugarak

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available U radu je opisan matematički model određivanja daljine cilja obradom video snimaka u toku praćenja. Analizirani su doprinosi parametara koji utiču na veličinu grešaka i određene su vrednosti standardnog odstupanja. / This paper presents mathematical model of determining target range by analyzing video frame during the tracking. The contribution of effective parameters to accuracy are analyzed and values of standard deviation are determined.

  17. ZDRAVSTVENI TURIZAM EGZISTENCIJALNA POTREBA U SUVREMENOM DRUŠTVU

    OpenAIRE

    Geić, Stanko; Geić, Jakša; Čmrlec, Antonela

    2010-01-01

    Turizam kao jedan od najupečatljivijih suvremenih sociogospodarskih fenomena svijeta u svojim kvantifikacijskim pokazateljima postupno se u okviru međunarodnih relacija približava milijardi sudionika, s gospodarskim učincima koji prelaze 800 milijardi USD. Ove veličine se gotovo utrostručuju uključenjem domaćih turističkih migracija, što cijeloj pojavi daje još upečatljiviju društvenu i gospodarsku dimenziju.Sasvim je logično da ova kretanja koja svojim gospodarskim učincima realiziraju oko 3...

  18. Hidrodinamički model podvodnog projektila / Hidrodinamical model of an underwater projectile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miroslav Radosavljević

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Radi dobijanja kvalitetnog matematičkog modela podvodnog projektila u radu su definisane ulazne i izlazne veličine, brzine i ubrzanje projektila. Uz zadate uslove mogućeg kretanja projektila definisan je model podvodnog projektila sa šest jednačina. / The paper analyzes an underwater projectile. The input and output values, the projectile speed and acceleration are defined for a quality definition of the projectile mathematical model. With the conditions of the projectile potential movement previously set out, the torpedo model is defined by six equations.

  19. Nalaz tombusvirusa na vrsti Erigeron canadensis L.

    OpenAIRE

    Jeknić, Zoran; Erić, Živojin; Grbelja, Julijana

    1988-01-01

    Iz listova zaraženih primjeraka korovne biljke Erigeron canadensis L. koji su rasli na nekoliko lokaliteta u Sarajevu izoliran je virus iz skupine tombusvirusi. Identifikacija virusa izvršena je na osnovi reakcije pokusnih biljaka, analize ultratankih presjeka kroz zaraženo tkivo, morfologije i veličine virusnih čestica, te na osnovi seroloških reakcija metodom dvostruke imunodifuzije u agarskom gelu i čvrsto fazne imunoelektronske mikroskopije (SPIEM). U serološkim pokusima upotrijebljen je ...

  20. Literary awards 2002 / Piret Viires

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Viires, Piret, 1963-

    2003-01-01

    Riigi kultuuripreemia - Hando Runnel (elutööpreemia) ; Balti Assamblee kirjandusauhind - Jaan Tätte ("Sild" ja "Palju õnne argipäevaks") ; A. H. Tammsaare nim. romaaniauhind - Andrus Kivirähk ("Rehepapp") ; Eesti Kultuurkapitali aastapreemia - Aleksander Suuman ("Tondihobu tõugud vetikatega") ; Kultuurkapitali kirjanduse aastapreemiad: proosa - Jüri Ehlvest ("Hobune eikusagilt"), luule - Karl Martin Sinijärv ("Artutart & 39"), esseistika - Peeter Mudist ("Ratsukäik"), näitekirjandus - Vaino Vahing ("Mängud ja kõnelused"), lastekirjandus - Heino Kiik ("Kuresaapad"), tõlge eesti keelde - Mati Sirkel (Franz Kafka "Hiina müüri ehitamisel" tõlge), tõlge eesti keelest - Antoine Chalvin (Jaan Kaplinski "Le désir de la pousicre" tõlge), artiklipreemia - Tõnu Õnnepalu ("Kui... Küpsemine. Aleksander Suumani kaks luuletust ja üks raamat ("Meil siin Hüperboreas")", ilmus Loomingus, nr. 5-6), venekeelsete autorite kirjandusauhind - Mihhail Veller (viimase 10 aasta proosaloomingu eest) ; B. Alveri kirjandusauhind - Leo Kunnas ("Sõdurjumala teener") ja Ülar Ploom ("Üks ja kogu"); 2002. a. romaanivõistluse võitja - Nikolai Baturin ("Kentaur") ; A. H. Tammsaare nim. kirjanduspreemia - Elem Treier ("Tammsaare elu härra Hansenina") ; E. Vilde nim. kirjandusauhind - Doris Kareva ("Mandragora") ; F. Tuglase novelliauhind - Jüri Ehlvest ("Hobune eikusagilt", Looming, 2002, nr. 1) ja Jaan Undusk ("Armastus raamatu vastu", ilmus kogumikus "Puudutus"); Juhan Liivi luuleauhind - Andres Ehin (luuletus "sügaval maa all elavad...", Looming, 2002, nr. 4)

  1. Analyses of the eustachian tube and its surrounding tissues with cross sectional images by high-resolution computed tomography (HR-CT)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yoshida, Haruo; Kobayashi, Toshimitsu; Takasaki, Kenji; Kanda, Yukihiko; Nakao, Yoshiaki; Morikawa, Minoru; Ishimaru, Hideki; Hayashi, Kuniaki

    2000-01-01

    We attempted to image the eustachian tube (ET) and its surrounding tissues by high-resolution computed tomography (HR-CT). Twenty-two normal subjects (44 ears) without middle ear problems were studied, and a patient with severe patulous ET was also studied as an abnormal case. In our device of multiplanar reconstruction technique, we were able to obtain the clear reconstructed images of the ET lumen as well as of its surrounding tissues (bone, ET cartilage, tensor veli palatini muscle, levator veli palatini muscle, Ostmann's fat tissue, tensor tympani muscle, internal carotid artery) at any desired portion, either parallel or perpendicular to the long axis of the ET. However, the exact borders between the ET cartilage and the muscles, Ostmann's fat tissue and the tubal gland were not clearly identified. In the severe case of patulous ET, the ET lumen was widely opened at each cross-sectional image from the pharyngeal orifice to the tympanic orifice, in contrast with its being closed at the cartilaginous portion in the normal cases. In addition, the fat tissue and glands around the ET lumen were not clearly identified in this case. We suggest that this method will lead to better understanding of the ET-related diseases such as patulous ET. (author)

  2. Analyses of the eustachian tube and its surrounding tissues with cross sectional images by high-resolution computed tomography (HR-CT)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoshida, Haruo; Kobayashi, Toshimitsu; Takasaki, Kenji; Kanda, Yukihiko; Nakao, Yoshiaki; Morikawa, Minoru; Ishimaru, Hideki; Hayashi, Kuniaki [Nagasaki Univ. (Japan). School of Medicine

    2000-07-01

    We attempted to image the eustachian tube (ET) and its surrounding tissues by high-resolution computed tomography (HR-CT). Twenty-two normal subjects (44 ears) without middle ear problems were studied, and a patient with severe patulous ET was also studied as an abnormal case. In our device of multiplanar reconstruction technique, we were able to obtain the clear reconstructed images of the ET lumen as well as of its surrounding tissues (bone, ET cartilage, tensor veli palatini muscle, levator veli palatini muscle, Ostmann's fat tissue, tensor tympani muscle, internal carotid artery) at any desired portion, either parallel or perpendicular to the long axis of the ET. However, the exact borders between the ET cartilage and the muscles, Ostmann's fat tissue and the tubal gland were not clearly identified. In the severe case of patulous ET, the ET lumen was widely opened at each cross-sectional image from the pharyngeal orifice to the tympanic orifice, in contrast with its being closed at the cartilaginous portion in the normal cases. In addition, the fat tissue and glands around the ET lumen were not clearly identified in this case. We suggest that this method will lead to better understanding of the ET-related diseases such as patulous ET. (author)

  3. Repair of a submucous cleft palate by W-pushback and levator repositioning without incision to the nasal mucosa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hwang, Kun

    2012-03-01

    The author created an innovative method of W-pushback and levator repositioning without having to make an incision to the nasal mucosa for submucous cleft palate repair.The W-shaped mucoperiosteal flap is outlined where the 2 peaks of W are the alveolar processes of both canine teeth and the midpoint of W is the anterior limit of the cleft notch of the hard palate. A short incision, medial to and behind the maxillary tuberosity and curved forward onto the palate and extended forward just medial to the alveolar process, is joined by a second incision from the apex of the cleft to the region of the canine tooth. The W-shaped mucoperiosteal flap is raised until the midline notch of the hard palate is exposed. The nasal mucosa and abnormally inserted levator veli palatini muscle to the posterior border of the hard palate bone are detached. By leaving the nasal mucosa intact, the detached levator veli palatini muscle is approximated at the midline and so the zona pellucida is obliterated. The cleft uvulas are cut in half and closed. The approximated W-flap is joined to the small anterior flap by 1 or more sutures (the W-pushback).Three patients were operated on with this technique without serious complications.The author believes that this method can make the levator sling and increase the length of the soft palate without making an incision to the nasal mucosa.

  4. The development of glossopharyngeal breathing and palatal myoclonus in a 29 year old after scuba diving

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas AR

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Palatal myoclonus is a rare movement disorder characterized by brief, rhythmic involuntary movements of the soft palate. Palatal myoclonus is further subdivided into “essential palatal tremor” (EPT and “symptomatic palatal tremor” (SPT. EPT is characterized by involvement of the tensor veli palatini, myoclonus that might persist during sleep, as well as ear clicks, usually the patient’s presenting complaint. The MRI and neurological exam are normal in EPT. SPT is characterized by involvement of the levator veli palatini and myoclonus which consistently perseveres during sleep. The MRI shows olivary hypertrophy and clinical features may include ataxia, dysarthria and nystagmus, depending on the size of the lesion1. Glossopharyngeal breathing is a technique used by deep-sea divers to increase lung vital capacity, which is also useful in patients with ventilator dependence from poliomyelitis and Duchenne muscular dystrophy. To date there have been no reported cases of palatal myoclonus and glossopharyngeal breathing occurring simultaneously. We present the case of a 29 year-old female with palatal myoclonus and glossopharyngeal breathing after scuba-diving.

  5. Electrochemical & osteoblast adhesion study of engineered TiO2 nanotubular surfaces on titanium alloys

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rahman, Zia Ur; Haider, Waseem; Pompa, Luis; Deen, K.M.

    2016-01-01

    TiO 2 nanotubes were grafted on the surface of cpTi, Ti6Al4V and Ti6Al4V-ELI with the aim to provide a new podium for human pre-osteoblast cell (MC3T3) adhesion and proliferation. The surface morphology and chemistry of these alloys were examined with scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy. TiO 2 nanotubes were further characterized by cyclic potentiodynamic polarization tests and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The vertically aligned nanotubes were subjected to pre-osteoblast cell proliferation in order to better understand cell–material interaction. The study demonstrated that these cells interact differently with nanotubes of different titanium alloys. The significant acceleration in the growth rate of pre-osteoblast cell adhesion and proliferation is also witnessed. Additionally, the cytotoxicity of the leached metal ions was evaluated by using a tetrazolium-based bio-assay, MTS. Each group of data was operated for p < 0.05, concluded one way ANOVA to investigate the significance difference. - Highlights: • TiO 2 nanotubes were grafted on cpTi, Ti6Al4V and Ti6Al4V-ELI via anodization. • MC3T3 cells interact differently with nanotubes of different titanium alloys. • TiO 2 nanotubes have a positive impact on the osteoblast cell viability.

  6. Piecing Together—A Methodological Bricolage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ainslie Yardley

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available The use of narrative, reflective, and creative processes as interpretive tools has been considered by many critics to be naïvely humanistic and even romantically impulsive. This contribution challenges those views by putting performative research methods into practice—using the method to test the methodology. The meta-text, in which embedded texts (visual, audio-visual and literary challenge, inform and enhance each other's meaning, has at its heart a digital mapping system that acts as a guiding link that provides alternative interpretive angles and mediating possibilities. The inclusion here of many kinds of text acknowledges that there are multiple ways in which human cognitive networks process information and make creative leaps. This contribution directly presents the case for multi-layered narrative inquiry as a paradigm of ethical activity. The researcher is seen here as a bricoleur, a maker of patchwork, a weaver of stories; one who assembles a theoretical montage through which meaning is constructed and conveyed according to a narrative ethic that is neither naïvely humanistic, nor romantically impulsive—but rather one that stimulates an inclusive and dynamic dialogue between the researcher and her audience. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0802315

  7. Uticaj transportnih protokola na efikasnost namenskih radio-komunikacija

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ljubiša S. Nedeljković

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Savremene namenske radio-komunikacije zasnivaju se na internet protokolu. Efikasnost namenskih radio-komunikacija zavisi od propusnosti. Na propusnost namenskih radio-komunikacija utiču i transportni protokoli. U radu je analizirana propusnost transportnih protokola TCP (Transport Control Protocol i UDP (User Datagram Protocol u VF (visoko frekvencijskim i VVF (vrlo visoko- frekvencijskim namenskim radio-komunikacijama sa očekivanim vremenima kašnjenja i verovatnoćom greške po paketu podataka. Ocenjena je mogućnost njihove primene u namenskim radio-komunikacijama. Pri tome je uzet u obzir uticaj sledećih faktora: vreme povratnog puta, veličina paketa podataka, veličina prozora i verovatnoća greške po paketu podataka. Transportni protokol sa većom propusnošću pogodniji je za primenu u namenskim radio-komunikacijama. Veća propusnost transportnih protokola znači da je veća i propusnost namenskih radio-komunikacija. 

  8. Analiza uticaja armiranobetonskog rama od sopstvenog opterećenja i spoljašnjih sila/Structural analysis of a prestressed concrete

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miloš Z. Petrović

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available U radu je prikazano delovanje sile prednaprezanja na armiranobetonski ram (u daljem tekstu AB ram. Posmatrani sistem je statički neodređen sa dva ukleštenja. Na njega deluje opterećenje prednaprezanje kablom silom Nk=600 kN, kao i sopstveno opterećenje. Visina rama je 6.00 m, a osovinski razmak 20.00 m. Opterećenje od sopstvene težine elemenata je od rigle i stuba. Opterećenje konstrukcije usled prednaprezanja spada u unutrašnja opterećenja, koja zamenjujemo ekvivalentnim opterećenjem koje predstavlja spoljašnje opterećenje. Proračun je izvršen metodom sila i metodom deformacija, kao i u softverskom programu 'Tower'. Metodom sila se uklanja ukleštenje i preseku se omogućava obrtanje. Statički neodređena veličina tada je moment ukleštenja. Kod metode deformacije sve statičke i deformacijske veličine izražavaju se putem izvesnog broja međusobno nezavisnih deformacijskih veličina, koje su određene iz uslova ravnoteže sistema. Broj nezavisnih deformacijskih neodređenih veličina predstavlja deformacijsku neodređenost nosača. Sve deformacijski neodređene veličine mogu se svrstati u dve grupe: prvu grupu čine uglovi obrtanja na krajevima kruto vezanih štapova, a drugu grupu komponente pomeranja čvorova. / The effects of prestressing forces on a reinforced concrete frame are shown in the paper. The structure is a statically indeterminate frame with two fixed supports. The load is due to tendon prestressing with Nk = 600 kN and due to self-weight of columns and beam. The columns height is 6.00 m and the beam span is 20.00 m. Effects of prestressing can be replaced by an external equivalent load. Calculations are performed by the force method, by the direct stiffness method and using the 'Tower' software. The rotational restraints are released at fixed supports and the restraint moments are calculated by the force method. The direct stiffness method uses the members' stiffness relations for computing member forces and

  9. Magnetic resonance imaging of cleft palate patients after a palatoplasty to evaluate the nasopharyngeal results

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ikeda, Hiroto [Teikyo Univ., Tokyo (Japan). Faculty of Medicine; Kadomatsu, Koichi; Hori, Shigeru; Miyata, Masayuki; Kozono, Kikuo; Onizuka, Takuya

    1995-10-01

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of 16 cleft palate patients was undertaken after a palatoplasty to evaluate the postoperative status of the nasopharyngeal soft tissue, the soft palate, and a pharyngeal flap. As MRI revealed no abnormal findings in the nasopharyngeal muscle of all 16 patients, we concluded that the palatoplasty had normalized the positioning and volume of the levator veli muscle and the muscle sling of the palate. Further, although most of the pharyngeal flaps had an adequate inner muscle volume, some flaps had shrunk and 1 flap was found to have more mucous tissue than muscle. These pharyngeal flap deficits may have been due to rough flap handling during the surgical intervention. Therefore, gentle manipulation of such flaps during the course of surgery is emphasized. (author).

  10. Study of relationship between clinical factors and velopharyngeal closure in cleft palate patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Qi; Zheng, Qian; Shi, Bing; Yin, Heng; Meng, Tian; Zheng, Guang-ning

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND: This study was carried out to analyze the relationship between clinical factors and velopharyngeal closure (VPC) in cleft palate patients. METHODS: Chi-square test was used to compare the postoperative velopharyngeal closure rate. Logistic regression model was used to analyze independent variables associated with velopharyngeal closure. RESULTS: Difference of postoperative VPC rate in different cleft types, operative ages and surgical techniques was significant (P=0.000). Results of logistic regression analysis suggested that when operative age was beyond deciduous dentition stage, or cleft palate type was complete, or just had undergone a simple palatoplasty without levator veli palatini retropositioning, patients would suffer a higher velopharyngeal insufficiency rate after primary palatal repair. CONCLUSIONS: Cleft type, operative age and surgical technique were the contributing factors influencing VPC rate after primary palatal repair of cleft palate patients. PMID:22279464

  11. Magnetic resonance imaging of cleft palate patients after a palatoplasty to evaluate the nasopharyngeal results

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ikeda, Hiroto; Kadomatsu, Koichi; Hori, Shigeru; Miyata, Masayuki; Kozono, Kikuo; Onizuka, Takuya.

    1995-01-01

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of 16 cleft palate patients was undertaken after a palatoplasty to evaluate the postoperative status of the nasopharyngeal soft tissue, the soft palate, and a pharyngeal flap. As MRI revealed no abnormal findings in the nasopharyngeal muscle of all 16 patients, we concluded that the palatoplasty had normalized the positioning and volume of the levator veli muscle and the muscle sling of the palate. Further, although most of the pharyngeal flaps had an adequate inner muscle volume, some flaps had shrunk and 1 flap was found to have more mucous tissue than muscle. These pharyngeal flap deficits may have been due to rough flap handling during the surgical intervention. Therefore, gentle manipulation of such flaps during the course of surgery is emphasized. (author)

  12. Re-rigging Othering: Subversive Infantilisation in Contemporary Bosnian-Herzegovinian Prose

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fedja Borčak

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article I put forward the concept of subversive infantilisation to designate a phenomenon in contemporary Bosnian literature, which by using a certain kind of childish outlook on the world undermines paternalistic and balkanist Western discourse on Bosnia and Herzegovina. By analysing primarily the portrayal of the role of mass media in a few literary texts, principally books by Nenad Veličkovié and Miljenko Jergovié, I highlight the way in which these texts 're-rig' and by means of irony and exaggeration illuminate the problematic logic inherent in the subject position from which one represents the other. Textual characteristics of subversive infantilisation are contextualised further and seen as a discursive continuation of experiences of the 1990s war in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  13. Assessment of Speech in Primary Cleft Palate by Two-layer Closure (Conservative Management).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jain, Harsha; Rao, Dayashankara; Sharma, Shailender; Gupta, Saurabh

    2012-01-01

    Treatment of the cleft palate has evolved over a long period of time. Various techniques of cleft palate repair that are practiced today are the results of principles learned through many years of modifications. The challenge in the art of modern palatoplasty is no longer successful closure of the cleft palate but an optimal speech outcome without compromising maxillofacial growth. Throughout these periods of evolution in the treatment of cleft palate, the effectiveness of various treatment protocols has been challenged by controversies concerning speech and maxillofacial growth. In this article we have evaluated the results of Pinto's modification of Wardill-Kilner palatoplasty without radical dissection of the levator veli palitini muscle on speech and post-op fistula in two different age groups in 20 patients. Preoperative and 6-month postoperative speech assessment values indicated that two-layer palatoplasty (modified Wardill-Kilner V-Y pushback technique) without an intravelar veloplasty technique was good for speech.

  14. Smart variations: Functional substructures for part compatibility

    KAUST Repository

    Zheng, Youyi

    2013-05-01

    As collections of 3D models continue to grow, reusing model parts allows generation of novel model variations. Naïvely swapping parts across models, however, leads to implausible results, especially when mixing parts across different model families. Hence, the user has to manually ensure that the final model remains functionally valid. We claim that certain symmetric functional arrangements (sFarr-s), which are special arrangements among symmetrically related substructures, bear close relation to object functions. Hence, we propose a purely geometric approach based on such substructures to match, replace, and position triplets of parts to create non-trivial, yet functionally plausible, model variations. We demonstrate that starting even from a small set of models such a simple geometric approach can produce a diverse set of non-trivial and plausible model variations. © 2013 The Author(s) Computer Graphics Forum © 2013 The Eurographics Association and Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  15. Microstructure and mechanical properties of a novel β titanium metallic composite by selective laser melting

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vrancken, B.; Thijs, L.; Kruth, J.-P.; Van Humbeeck, J.

    2014-01-01

    Selective laser melting (SLM) is an additive manufacturing process in which functional, complex parts are produced by selectively melting consecutive layers of powder with a laser beam. This flexibility enables the exploration of a wide spectrum of possibilities in creating novel alloys or even metal–metal composites with unique microstructures. In this research, Ti6Al4V-ELI powder was mixed with 10 wt.% Mo powder. In contrast to the fully α′ microstructure of Ti6Al4V after SLM, the novel microstructure consists of a β titanium matrix with randomly dispersed pure Mo particles, as observed by light optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. Most importantly, the solidification mechanism changes from planar to cellular mode. Microstructures after heat treatment indicate that the β phase is metastable and locate the β transus at ∼900 °C, and tensile properties are equal to or better than conventional β titanium alloys

  16. Congenital multiple cranial neuropathies: Relevance of orofacial electromyography in infants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Renault, Francis; Flores-Guevara, Roberto; Baudon, Jean-Jacques; Vazquez, Marie-Paule

    2015-11-01

    The aim of this study was to assess diagnoses and outcomes of infants with 2 or more cranial neuropathies identified using orofacial electromyography (EMG). This retrospective study involved 90 patients. Diagnoses took into account clinical, radiological, and genetic data. EMG examined the orbicularis oculi, genioglossus, and levator veli palatini muscles, and blink responses. To evaluate outcome, neurological disability, respiratory complications, and feeding difficulties were recorded. The patients had malformation syndromes (59), encephalopathies (29), or no underlying disorders (2). Neurogenic EMG signs were detected in a mean of 4 muscles, reflecting a mean of 3 affected nerves. EMG identified a higher number of neuropathies than clinical examination alone (82 vs. 31, facial; 56 vs. 2, pharyngeal; 25 vs. 3, hypoglossal). Poor outcome and death were more frequent when EMG identified ≥4 affected nerves (P = 0.02). EMG highlights multiple cranial neuropathies that can be clinically silent in infants with malformation syndromes or encephalopathies. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  17. SYSTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Swarnalatha

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Risk analysis of urban aquatic systems due to heavy metals turns significant due to their peculiar properties viz. persis tence, non-degradab ility, toxicity, and accumulation. Akkulam Veli (AV, an urba n tropical lake in south India is subjected to various environmental stresses due to multiple waste discharge, sand mining, developmental activities, tour ism related activitie s etc. Hence, a comprehensive approach is adopted for risk assessment using modified degree of contamination factor, toxicity units based on numerical sediment quality guidelines (SQGs, and potentialecological risk indices. The study revealed the presence of toxic metals such as Cr, C d, Pb and As and the lake is rated under ‘low ecological risk’ category.

  18. Fitování rozdělení pravděpodobnosti pro aplikace

    OpenAIRE

    Pavlíčková, Lenka

    2012-01-01

    Diplomová práce popisuje metodu bootstrap a její použití pro tvorbu konfidenčních intervalů, při testování statistických hypotéz a v regresní analýze. Představujeme konfidenční interval pro individuální hodnotu. Dále se zaobíráme metodou odhadu diskrétního rozdělení pravděpodobnosti kategoriální veličiny pomocí gradientního a přímkového odhadu. The diploma thesis describes the bootstrap method and its applications in the confidence intervals generation, in the testing of statistical hypoth...

  19. Non-uniform groundwater discharge across a stream bed: Heat as a tracer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jannick Kolbjørn; Engesgaard, Peter Knudegaard

    2011-01-01

    Time series analysis of conO nuous streambed temperature during a period of 47 d revealed that discharge to a stream is nonuniform, with strongly increasing verO cal fl uxes throughout the top 20 cm of the streambed–aquifer interface. An analyO cal soluO on to the transient heat transport equa...... near the streambed. Seepage meter measurements in the middle of the stream oO en resulted in highly variable fl ux esO - mates, which could have been caused by hyporheic fl ow due to the presence of a gravel layer. Discharge and recharge to the stream at the bank near the meadow was relaO vely steady...

  20. Quantitative evaluation of susceptibility effects caused by dental materials in head magnetic resonance imaging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strocchi, S.; Ghielmi, M.; Basilico, F.; Macchi, A.; Novario, R.; Ferretti, R.; Binaghi, E.

    2016-03-01

    This work quantitatively evaluates the effects induced by susceptibility characteristics of materials commonly used in dental practice on the quality of head MR images in a clinical 1.5T device. The proposed evaluation procedure measures the image artifacts induced by susceptibility in MR images by providing an index consistent with the global degradation as perceived by the experts. Susceptibility artifacts were evaluated in a near-clinical setup, using a phantom with susceptibility and geometric characteristics similar to that of a human head. We tested different dentist materials, called PAL Keramit, Ti6Al4V-ELI, Keramit NP, ILOR F, Zirconia and used different clinical MR acquisition sequences, such as "classical" SE and fast, gradient, and diffusion sequences. The evaluation is designed as a matching process between reference and artifacts affected images recording the same scene. The extent of the degradation induced by susceptibility is then measured in terms of similarity with the corresponding reference image. The matching process involves a multimodal registration task and the use an adequate similarity index psychophysically validated, based on correlation coefficient. The proposed analyses are integrated within a computer-supported procedure that interactively guides the users in the different phases of the evaluation method. 2-Dimensional and 3-dimensional indexes are used for each material and each acquisition sequence. From these, we drew a ranking of the materials, averaging the results obtained. Zirconia and ILOR F appear to be the best choice from the susceptibility artefacts point of view, followed, in order, by PAL Keramit, Ti6Al4V-ELI and Keramit NP.

  1. Proloog : [luuletused] / Henrik Visnapuu ; [Impressioonid]: Viiu Härm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Visnapuu, Henrik, 1890-1951

    2004-01-01

    Sisu: Proloog ; Igavesti ; Kui kuurdub armulill ; Neitsi saunas ; Metsatalu ; Eokene eo-eo ; Õdango laul ; Langes lund, langes verist lund ; Sireli ; Ole tervitet, tervitet ; Kahe ääretuse vahel ; Jääb inimene ikka, ikka meil veel velleks : J. Kuperjanovi mälestuseks ; Ärge tapke inimest ; Noor-Eestile 1905-1915 1-3 ; Surnuk sõnade surise ; Autobiograafia ; Matsin mulda ; Jõuluöö ; Laske mul olla kurb ; Esimene kiri Inglile ; Teine kiri Ingile ; Kolmas kiri Ingile ; Neljas kiri Ingile ; Viies kiri Ingile ; Kuues kiri Ingile ; Seitsmes kiri Ingile ; Kaheksas kiri Ingile ; Üheksas kiri Ingile ; Kümnes kiri Ingile ; Maga Alaea ; Kuu on end riputand ; Ilo kavva on kahele ; Tartu oktoober 1-2, 5 ; Suur kirjanik on nagu vana vein : Eduard Vilde mälestusele ; Üle kodumäe ; Vana-aasta kuu 1 ; Meie aja muinasjutt ; kevad ; Vaikne palve ; Maarjamaa laulud 8 ; Sula unelm ; Koduhaldjas ; Valgus on lõhnavan lehen ; Heinakuu öö 1-2 ; Viimne teekond ; Ema lill ; Vana kell ; Kuuvalgus ; Umbra apocalyptica ; Öö ja päev ; Laul vabadusest ; Magdaleena : Jõuluöö legend 1-2 ; Hommik ; Tuisk ; Pööripäeva eel ; Nii pidulik valgus ; Sügav suvi ; Paadil ; Öö ja meres 1 ; Öö ja meres 2 ; Tulease ; Aed ja aeg ; Idaruum ; Vanaema surm ; Emale ; Endeline öö ; Õnnis suvine öö ; Leegitsev liiv ; Vanad talud ; Sõnatu kuu ; Nii kargelt hingab ; Vihkan kevadet ; Aastaajad : 1. Hiline öökülm ; 2. Hiline sügis ; 3. Sügav talv ; 4. Ma usun taas ; Rahu ; Mul on sinu pärast nii kitsas ; Üle värskete kalmuküngaste ; pea vastu ; Ikka viirastub ; Jõulutäht ; Nii suured on sinu mured ; Mis armas, kõik on tuna ; Viimne söömaaeg ; Astuge tasa ; Periheel ; Ingi haual ; Eksin tänavate kurrus ; Manamine ; Kuues küünal ; Astendus ; Vahimees, ons ikka veel öö ; Karukellad ; Lein ; Kutse ; Kõik muutub lauluks ; Suvine öö 1-2 ; Sügis 1-2 ; Talv ; Talveöö ; Astugem isamaa palge ette ; Viimne kevad

  2. Alterations in lipids & lipid peroxidation in rats fed with flavonoid rich fraction of banana (Musa paradisiaca) from high background radiation area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krishnan, Kripa; Vijayalakshmi, N R

    2005-12-01

    A group of villages in Kollam district of Kerala, southern part of India are exposed to a higher dose of natural radiation than global average. Yet no adverse health effects have been found in humans, animals and plants in these areas. The present study was carried out to understand whether radiation affects the quantity and quality of flavonoids in plants grown in this area of high radiation, and to assess the effect of feeding flavonoid rich fraction (FRF) of the two varieties of banana to rats on their biochemical parameters like lipids, lipid peroxides and antioxidant enzyme levels. A total of 42 albino rats were equally divided into 7 groups. Rats fed laboratory diet alone were grouped under group I (normal control). Groups II and V received flavonoid rich fraction (FRF) from the fruits of two varieties of Musa paradisiaca, Palayamkodan and Rasakadali respectively from normal background radiation area (Veli) and treated as controls. Rats of groups III and IV received FRF of Palayamkodan from high background radiation areas (HBRAs) - Neendakara and Karunagappally respectively while groups VI and VII received FRF of Rasakadali from HBRAs. At the end of the experimental period of 45 days, lipids, lipid peroxides and antioxidant enzymes from liver, heart and kidney were analyzed. FRF of Palayamkodan and Rasakadali varieties showed significant hypolipidaemic and antioxidant activities. But these activities were found to be lowered in plants grown in HBRAs, particularly in Karunagappally area. Of the two, Palayamkodan variety was more effective in reducing lipids and lipid peroxides. MDA and hydroperoxides were significantly diminished in rats given FRF of banana from Veli (control area) only. FRF from plants grown in HBRAs exerted inhibition in the activities of antioxidant enzymes in the liver of rats and this inhibitory effect was maximum in rats fed FRF from Karunagappally. Banana grown in HBRAs is of lower quality with less efficient antioxidant system

  3. Midsummer mysteries: Criminal masterminds? Not really…

    CERN Multimedia

    Antonella Del Rosso

    2014-01-01

    In the summer, when offices are empty and the library is full of new faces, it may seem like a perfect opportunity to steal IT equipment. However, as we know, stealing never pays and thieves always get caught. Just like the person who stole several bikes parked in front of Reception…   Image: Katarina Anthony.  As we have said many times: security affects us all. It would seem that the crafty little devil who stole four computers from the library (three privately owned and one belonging to CERN) in July hadn’t read our article. This individual naïvely thought that it would be possible to commit the thefts, sell his ill-gotten gains on the CERN Market and still get away with it. But he was wrong, as the CERN security service and the IT security service were able to identify the guilty party within just a few days.  “The computers had been stolen over a period of four days but it was obvious to us that the same person was responsible,&...

  4. Ear pain in patients with oropharynx carcinoma: how MRI contributes to the explanation of a prognostic and predictive symptom

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thoeny, Harriet C.; Vock, Peter [University of Bern, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Inselspital, Bern (Switzerland); Beer, Karl T.; Greiner, Richard H. [University of Bern, Department of Radiation Oncology, Inselspital, Bern (Switzerland)

    2004-12-01

    Reflex otalgia is a predictive and prognostic parameter for local control in patients with oropharynx carcinoma. Can a morphologic correlate of this important symptom be detected by MRI? Thirty-six patients were prospectively evaluated by MRI before radical radiotherapy. Sixteen patients had reflex otalgia; 20 did not. The oropharynx and adjacent regions were analyzed. Alteration was defined as effacement of anatomical structures, signal alteration or enhancement after contrast medium administration. The {chi}{sup 2}-test was used to compare categorical parameters. In patients with reflex otalgia, alteration of the following structures innervated by the glossopharyngeal nerve were found significantly more often: nasopharynx, hard palate, superior constrictor pharyngis muscle, palatine tonsil, palatopharyngeus muscle, palatoglossus muscle, stylopharyngeus muscle, hyoglossus muscle and preepiglottic space. No difference was found for the muscles of mastication, levator and tensor veli palatini muscles, styloglossus muscle, genioglossus muscle, intrinsic muscles of the tongue, digastric muscles, mucosal surface of the lateral and posterior pharyngeal wall, uvula, valleculae, parapharyngeal space and larynx. An alteration of structures innervated by the glossopharyngeal nerve was visualized on MRI significantly more often when reflex otalgia was present. Involvement of structures innervated by other cranial nerves did not show the same association with ear pain. (orig.)

  5. Ear pain in patients with oropharynx carcinoma: how MRI contributes to the explanation of a prognostic and predictive symptom

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Thoeny, Harriet C.; Vock, Peter; Beer, Karl T.; Greiner, Richard H.

    2004-01-01

    Reflex otalgia is a predictive and prognostic parameter for local control in patients with oropharynx carcinoma. Can a morphologic correlate of this important symptom be detected by MRI? Thirty-six patients were prospectively evaluated by MRI before radical radiotherapy. Sixteen patients had reflex otalgia; 20 did not. The oropharynx and adjacent regions were analyzed. Alteration was defined as effacement of anatomical structures, signal alteration or enhancement after contrast medium administration. The χ 2 -test was used to compare categorical parameters. In patients with reflex otalgia, alteration of the following structures innervated by the glossopharyngeal nerve were found significantly more often: nasopharynx, hard palate, superior constrictor pharyngis muscle, palatine tonsil, palatopharyngeus muscle, palatoglossus muscle, stylopharyngeus muscle, hyoglossus muscle and preepiglottic space. No difference was found for the muscles of mastication, levator and tensor veli palatini muscles, styloglossus muscle, genioglossus muscle, intrinsic muscles of the tongue, digastric muscles, mucosal surface of the lateral and posterior pharyngeal wall, uvula, valleculae, parapharyngeal space and larynx. An alteration of structures innervated by the glossopharyngeal nerve was visualized on MRI significantly more often when reflex otalgia was present. Involvement of structures innervated by other cranial nerves did not show the same association with ear pain. (orig.)

  6. Cell type-specific recruitment of Drosophila Lin-7 to distinct MAGUK-based protein complexes defines novel roles for Sdt and Dlg-S97.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bachmann, André; Timmer, Marco; Sierralta, Jimena; Pietrini, Grazia; Gundelfinger, Eckart D; Knust, Elisabeth; Thomas, Ulrich

    2004-04-15

    Stardust (Sdt) and Discs-Large (Dlg) are membrane-associated guanylate kinases (MAGUKs) involved in the organization of supramolecular protein complexes at distinct epithelial membrane compartments in Drosophila. Loss of either Sdt or Dlg affects epithelial development with severe effects on apico-basal polarity. Moreover, Dlg is required for the structural and functional integrity of synaptic junctions. Recent biochemical and cell culture studies have revealed that various mammalian MAGUKs can interact with mLin-7/Veli/MALS, a small PDZ-domain protein. To substantiate these findings for their in vivo significance with regard to Sdt- and Dlg-based protein complexes, we analyzed the subcellular distribution of Drosophila Lin-7 (DLin-7) and performed genetic and biochemical assays to characterize its interaction with either of the two MAGUKs. In epithelia, Sdt mediates the recruitment of DLin-7 to the subapical region, while at larval neuromuscular junctions, a particular isoform of Dlg, Dlg-S97, is required for postsynaptic localization of DLin-7. Ectopic expression of Dlg-S97 in epithelia, however, was not sufficient to induce a redistribution of DLin-7. These results imply that the recruitment of DLin-7 to MAGUK-based protein complexes is defined by cell-type specific mechanisms and that DLin-7 acts downstream of Sdt in epithelia and downstream of Dlg at synapses.

  7. Variable Selection in Heterogeneous Datasets: A Truncated-rank Sparse Linear Mixed Model with Applications to Genome-wide Association Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Haohan; Aragam, Bryon; Xing, Eric P

    2018-04-26

    A fundamental and important challenge in modern datasets of ever increasing dimensionality is variable selection, which has taken on renewed interest recently due to the growth of biological and medical datasets with complex, non-i.i.d. structures. Naïvely applying classical variable selection methods such as the Lasso to such datasets may lead to a large number of false discoveries. Motivated by genome-wide association studies in genetics, we study the problem of variable selection for datasets arising from multiple subpopulations, when this underlying population structure is unknown to the researcher. We propose a unified framework for sparse variable selection that adaptively corrects for population structure via a low-rank linear mixed model. Most importantly, the proposed method does not require prior knowledge of sample structure in the data and adaptively selects a covariance structure of the correct complexity. Through extensive experiments, we illustrate the effectiveness of this framework over existing methods. Further, we test our method on three different genomic datasets from plants, mice, and human, and discuss the knowledge we discover with our method. Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  8. EFFECT OF INTEGRATED YOGA ON EMOTIONAL DIMENSIONS OF THE PARTICIPANTS IN SVYASA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sindhu

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Skill to monitor one’s own and others’ thinking and actions is termed as Emotional intelligence (EI. [1] Psychological dimensions of EI are emotional sensitivity, emotional maturity and emotional competency which motivate participants to recognize, interpret and handle the dynamics of their behavioral pattern. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of the Integrat ed Yoga module (IYM on emotional dimensions of the participants in SVYASA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study includes 40 subjects between 20 - 60years of age selected from health home of Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana (SVYASA University, Bang alore for IYM. EQ test developed by Prof N. K. Chadha used to assess the EI was given to all the subjects on admission to S - VYASA. All the subjects of this study participated in IYM for a week . After one week of IYM, same questionnaire was given to partici pants. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Means, standard deviations, Paired t test were used for analyzing the data with the help of SPSS 16. RESULTS: EQ analysis (n=40 showed significant increase ( P <0.05 in emotional quotient and maturity (r=0.403, 0.341 respecti vely, with significant decrease in sensitivity (r=0.482. Competency was also found to be increased, but was not found to be statistically significant. CONCLUSION: The present study suggests that IYM can result in improvement in maturity and competency d imensions of EQ aiding in emotional balance and reasoning

  9. Prenosna peć za pečenje hleba - u funkciji obezbeđenja ishrane pripadnika vojske Srbije u mirovnim misijama/Movable oven for bread baking intended for food preparation in Serbian army peace corps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Branko M. Tešanović

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Peć za pečenje hleba u poljskim uslovima dodeljuje se jedinicama koje su po svom karakteru relativno stacionarne i kojima po veličini ne bi pripadale pokretne peći. Podesna je za pečenje hleba namenjenog jedinicama koje se nalaze u međunarodnim misijama, u uslovima otežanog snabdevanja, jer navike naših vojnika su da konzumiraju hleb, a ne keks. Peć je montažno-demontažnog tipa, prilagođena za korišćenje na svim vrstama terena. Jednostavne je konstrukcije, što omogućava da se demontira i lako prenosi sa mesta na mesto. / An oven for baking bread in field conditions is assigned to units that are by their nature relatively stationary and whose size does not require a movable bakery. It is intended for baking bread in our units located in international missions with supply difficulties, since our units have a habit od consuming bread instead of biscuits. The oven is of a prefabricated type, adapted for use in all types of terrains, simple design which makes it possible to be, dismantled and easily transported.

  10. Morphological and functional MR imaging of the pharyngotympanic tube

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Krombach, G.A.; Nolte-Ernsting, C.; Schmitz-Rode, T.; Guenther, R.W.; Di Martino, E.; Westhofen, M.; Prescher, A.

    2000-01-01

    Purpose: To develop and evaluate a protocol for the anatomic depiction and functional testing of the auditory tube with the use of MR imaging. Methods: Eleven volunteers were included into this study. For the morphological assessment, the imaging protocol included axial and coronal T 2 -weighted turbo-spin echo sequences (T R /T E =3194/100 ms) and a T 1 -weighted gradient echo sequence (T R /T E =42/4.6 ms). For the functional test a dynamic turbo-gradient echo sequence (TFE) with spectral fat suppression (T R /T E =15/6,2 ms; 4 sec) was obtained using the single slice technique before and during the Valsalva manoeuvre. Results: With multi-slice sequences, the osseous part of the auditory tube, the tubal cartilage (middle and lateral lamina), the ciliated epithelium, Ostmann's adipose body and the levator and tensor veli palatini muscles were delineated in all cases. During the Valsalva test, opening of the auditory tube was demonstrated in 20 of the 22 investigated sides using the dynamic TFE single slice sequence. Conclusions: The introduced MRI protocol allow visualization of the opening of the auditory tube and provides detailed anatomical information of the nasopharynx. Comprehensive morphological and functional evaluation of the auditory tube becomes possible within a single examination. (orig.) [de

  11. Álevité – jiné pojetí islámu?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kateřina Vytejčková

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The Alevi are a religious minority in Turkey. It is a heterogeneous group including millions of Muslims who do not profess the major Sunni movement. During the time of the Ottoman Empire they were often persecuted as heretics. The Alevi and the Bektashi rise from the same origins which stretch back to the 13century to the theory of dervish Hadji Bektash Veli. In the first case it was concerned mainly rural inhabitants and in the second case it was concerned urban inhabitants – members and adherents of the dervish order Bektashi. Alevi Islam is called “Folk Islam”. It connects the elements of Shi’a Islam, Sufi movement, Christianity and pre- Islam systems of belief. The Alevi are despised by the major society because they do not stand aloof from drinking alcohol and they do not keep the Five Pillars of Islam which the orthodox Islam is based on. There was created a separate genre of anecdotes about the Alevi-Bektashi. This contribution introduces the main principles of their belief and ceremonies and brings also illustrations of some anecdotes.

  12. Pharmacokinetics of intravenous and oral tramadol in the bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Souza, Marcy J; Martin-Jimenez, Tomas; Jones, Michael P; Cox, Sherry K

    2009-12-01

    Analgesia is becoming increasingly important in veterinary medicine, and little research has been performed that examined pain control in avian species. Tramadol is a relatively new drug that provides analgesia by opioid (mu), serotonin, and norepinephrine pathways, with minimal adverse effects. To determine the pharmacokinetics of tramadol and its major metabolite O-desmethyltramadol (M1) in eagles, 6 bald eagles (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) were each dosed with tramadol administered intravenously (4 mg/kg) and orally (11 mg/kg) in a crossover study. Blood was collected at various time points between 0 and 600 minutes and then analyzed with high-performance liquid chromatography to determine levels of tramadol and M1, the predominate active metabolite. The terminal half-life of tramadol after intravenous dosing was 2.46 hours. The maximum plasma concentration, time of maximum plasma concentration, and terminal half life for tramadol after oral dosing were 2156.7 ng/ml, 3.75 hours, and 3.14 hours, respec vely. In addition, the oral bioavailability was 97.9%. Although plasma concentrations of ramadol and M1 associated with analgesia in any avian species is unknown, based on the obtained data and known therapeutic levels in humans, a dosage of 5 mg/kg PO q12h is recommended for bald eagles. Pharmacodynamic studies are needed to better determine plasma levels of tramadol and M1 associated with analgesia in birds.

  13. What goes up must . . . Keep going up? Cultural differences in cognitive styles influence evaluations of dynamic performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferris, D Lance; Reb, Jochen; Lian, Huiwen; Sim, Samantha; Ang, Dionysius

    2018-03-01

    Past research on dynamic workplace performance evaluation has taken as axiomatic that temporal performance trends produce naïve extrapolation effects on performance ratings. That is, we naïvely assume that an individual whose performance has trended upward over time will continue to improve, and rate that individual more positively than an individual whose performance has trended downward over time-even if, on average, the 2 individuals have performed at an equivalent level. However, we argue that such naïve extrapolation effects are more pronounced in Western countries than Eastern countries, owing to Eastern countries having a more holistic cognitive style. To test our hypotheses, we examined the effect of performance trend on expectations of future performance and ratings of past performance across 2 studies: Study 1 compares the magnitude of naïve extrapolation effects among Singaporeans primed with either a more or less holistic cognitive style, and Study 2 examines holistic cognitive style as a mediating mechanism accounting for differences in the magnitude of naïve extrapolation effects between American and Chinese raters. Across both studies, we found support for our predictions that dynamic performance trends have less impact on the ratings of more holistic thinkers. Implications for the dynamic performance and naïve extrapolation literatures are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved).

  14. Calcium channel-dependent molecular maturation of photoreceptor synapses.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nawal Zabouri

    Full Text Available Several studies have shown the importance of calcium channels in the development and/or maturation of synapses. The Ca(V1.4(α(1F knockout mouse is a unique model to study the role of calcium channels in photoreceptor synapse formation. It features abnormal ribbon synapses and aberrant cone morphology. We investigated the expression and targeting of several key elements of ribbon synapses and analyzed the cone morphology in the Ca(V1.4(α(1F knockout retina. Our data demonstrate that most abnormalities occur after eye opening. Indeed, scaffolding proteins such as Bassoon and RIM2 are properly targeted at first, but their expression and localization are not maintained in adulthood. This indicates that either calcium or the Ca(V1.4 channel, or both are necessary for the maintenance of their normal expression and distribution in photoreceptors. Other proteins, such as Veli3 and PSD-95, also display abnormal expression in rods prior to eye opening. Conversely, vesicle related proteins appear normal. Our data demonstrate that the Ca(V1.4 channel is important for maintaining scaffolding proteins in the ribbon synapse but less vital for proteins related to vesicular release. This study also confirms that in adult retinae, cones show developmental features such as sprouting and synaptogenesis. Overall we present evidence that in the absence of the Ca(V1.4 channel, photoreceptor synapses remain immature and are unable to stabilize.

  15. Calcium channel-dependent molecular maturation of photoreceptor synapses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zabouri, Nawal; Haverkamp, Silke

    2013-01-01

    Several studies have shown the importance of calcium channels in the development and/or maturation of synapses. The Ca(V)1.4(α(1F)) knockout mouse is a unique model to study the role of calcium channels in photoreceptor synapse formation. It features abnormal ribbon synapses and aberrant cone morphology. We investigated the expression and targeting of several key elements of ribbon synapses and analyzed the cone morphology in the Ca(V)1.4(α(1F)) knockout retina. Our data demonstrate that most abnormalities occur after eye opening. Indeed, scaffolding proteins such as Bassoon and RIM2 are properly targeted at first, but their expression and localization are not maintained in adulthood. This indicates that either calcium or the Ca(V)1.4 channel, or both are necessary for the maintenance of their normal expression and distribution in photoreceptors. Other proteins, such as Veli3 and PSD-95, also display abnormal expression in rods prior to eye opening. Conversely, vesicle related proteins appear normal. Our data demonstrate that the Ca(V)1.4 channel is important for maintaining scaffolding proteins in the ribbon synapse but less vital for proteins related to vesicular release. This study also confirms that in adult retinae, cones show developmental features such as sprouting and synaptogenesis. Overall we present evidence that in the absence of the Ca(V)1.4 channel, photoreceptor synapses remain immature and are unable to stabilize.

  16. Biodiversity of Three Backwaters in the South West Coast of India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beslin Leena Grace

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available For the conservation of biodiversity, it is not sufficient to preserve the living organisms or their gametes alone, because keeping fishes in aquaria or their gametes in freezers cannot conserve the full range of biodiversity which is due to the loss of the ecological complexity in their original habitats. For promoting richer biodiversity in the future, more complexity in biological communities is essential in their natural environments. In order to prevent depletion of biodiversity due to environmental alterations or other ways, it is necessary to understand how the diversity of life particularly at the species level is maintained and it is equally necessary to know how the terminal extinction of species takes place under natural conditions. Moreover, a database on fishery resources of the concerned environment is essential to make decision about specific programmes on conservation of fish germplasm resources. Hence, the present study aims to quantify the fish and shellfish resources of the selected backwaters such as Kadinamkulam, Veli, and Poonthura to know the real stocks present in such environments.

  17. ALMA reveals sunburn: CO dissociation around AGB stars in the globular cluster 47 Tucanae

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDonald, I.; Zijlstra, A. A.; Lagadec, E.; Sloan, G. C.; Boyer, M. L.; Matsuura, M.; Smith, R. J.; Smith, C. L.; Yates, J. A.; van Loon, J. Th.; Jones, O. C.; Ramstedt, S.; Avison, A.; Justtanont, K.; Olofsson, H.; Blommaert, J. A. D. L.; Goldman, S. R.; Groenewegen, M. A. T.

    2015-11-01

    Atacama Large Millimetre Array observations show a non-detection of carbon monoxide around the four most luminous asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars in the globular cluster 47 Tucanae. Stellar evolution models and star counts show that the mass-loss rates from these stars should be ˜1.2-3.5 × 10-7 M⊙ yr-1. We would naïvely expect such stars to be detectable at this distance (4.5 kpc). By modelling the ultraviolet radiation field from post-AGB stars and white dwarfs in 47 Tuc, we conclude that CO should be dissociated abnormally close to the stars. We estimate that the CO envelopes will be truncated at a few hundred stellar radii from their host stars and that the line intensities are about two orders of magnitude below our current detection limits. The truncation of CO envelopes should be important for AGB stars in dense clusters. Observing the CO (3-2) and higher transitions and targeting stars far from the centres of clusters should result in the detections needed to measure the outflow velocities from these stars.

  18. Spajanja i preuzimanja trgovačkih društava

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Branko Novak

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Rad obrađuje problematiku spajanja i preuzimanja trgovačkih društava, te ukazuje na veličinu i dinamiku ovog procesa u svjetskim okvirima. Posebno se obrađuje način spajanja i preuzimanja, mogućnosti financiranja ovih transakcija te prednosti i nedostaci pojedinih vrsta financiranja. Rad ukazuje na skupinu činitelja koji utječu na cijenu dionica kod preuzimanja. Sva se istraživanja spajanja i preuzimanja u radu svrstavaju u istraživanje događaja i istraživanje učinaka. Brojna istraživanja događaja spajanja i preuzimanja pokazuju da u ovim transakcijama dioničari preuzetih tvrtki ostvaruju značajnu premiju iznad tržišne cijene u trenutku spajanja i preuzimanja. Znanstvena istraživanja utjecaja spajanja i preuzimanja daju nejasne zaključke u pogledu utjecaja transakcije na efikasnost poslovanja nakon izvršene transakcije. Istraživanja revizorskih i konzultantskih tvrtki upućuju na relativno nezadovoljavajuće rezultate nakon što se izvrše preuzimanja i spajanja, budući da većina transakcija ne povećava vrijednost za dioničare. U radu se ujedno ukazuje na postupke koji mogu bitno utjecati na uspješnost ili neuspješnost izvršenih transakcija.

  19. Diagnostický terminál spalovacího motoru na Pocket PC

    OpenAIRE

    Kubiš, Ján

    2008-01-01

    Moja bakalárska práca, v ktorej som mal vytvoriť programový systém pracujúci pod operačním systémom Windows CE 2003, sa zaoberá príjmaním a spracovaním dat, ktoré posiela riadiaca jednotka osmivalcového zážehového motoru Tatra T613/4i. Program je schopný príjmať jednotlivé tabuľky, ktoré riadiaca jednotka vysiela. Veličiny jednotlivých tabuliek je možné zobrazovať vo forme textových a číselných dat. Ďalej systém tiež vie zobrazovať chybné hlásenia, ktoré je riadiaca jednotka schopná posielať....

  20. OWNERSHIP AND CAPITAL STRUCTURE OF PAKISTANI NON-FINANCIAL FIRMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khan Shoaib

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Existi ng literature has not yet defi ned a clear-cut relati onship between ownership structure and capital structure. This study aims to contribute to this controversial argument by examining the impact of internal (managerial ownership and external ownership on fi nancing preferences using the case of non-fi nancial fi rms listed on Karachi stock exchange during the period of 2008-2012. Our results suggest that the external ownership has a signifi cant eff ect on capital structure in accordance with the presence of blockholders. In contrast, the internal ownership has a complicated eff ect; it shows signifi cant positi ve and negati ve relati onship to leverage at lower and certain higher proporti on of managerial shareholding respecti vely. Besides, the combined analyses suggest that the presence of blockholders negates the impact of managerial ownership on capital structure. This implies that the presence of large and dominant shareholders in Pakistani fi rms may have caused a bias for debt fi nancing to protect their voti ng power and returns.

  1. Treatment of Palatal Myoclonus with Botulinum Toxin Injection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mursalin M. Anis

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Palatal myoclonus is a rare cause of pulsatile tinnitus in patients presenting to the otolaryngology office. Rhythmic involuntary contractions of the palatal muscles produce the pulsatile tinnitus in these patients. Treatment of this benign but distressing condition with anxiolytics, anticonvulsants, and surgery has been largely unsuccessful. A few investigators have obtained promising results with botulinum toxin injection into the palatal muscles. We present a patient with palatal myoclonus who failed conservative treatment with anxiolytics. Unilateral injection of botulinum toxin into her tensor veli palatini muscle under electromyographic guidance resolved pulsatile tinnitus in her ipsilateral ear and unmasked pulsatile tinnitus in the contralateral ear. A novel method of following transient postinjection symptoms using a diary is presented in this study. Botulinum toxin dose must be titrated to achieve optimal results in each individual patient, analogous to titrations done for spasmodic dysphonia. Knowledge of the temporal onset of postinjection side effects and symptomatic relief may aid physicians in dose titration and surveillance. We present suggestions on titrating the botulinum toxin dose to optimal levels. A review of the literature on the use of botulinum toxin for palatal myoclonus and some common complications are discussed.

  2. The near-infrared radius-luminosity relationship for active galactic nuclei

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landt, Hermine; Bentz, Misty C.; Peterson, Bradley M.; Elvis, Martin; Ward, Martin J.; Korista, Kirk T.; Karovska, Margarita

    2011-05-01

    Black hole masses for samples of active galactic nuclei (AGNs) are currently estimated from single-epoch optical spectra. In particular, the size of the broad-line emitting region needed to compute the black hole mass is derived from the optical or ultraviolet continuum luminosity. Here we consider the relationship between the broad-line region size, R, and the near-infrared (near-IR) AGN continuum luminosity, L, as the near-IR continuum suffers less dust extinction than at shorter wavelengths and the prospects for separating the AGN continuum from host-galaxy starlight are better in the near-IR than in the optical. For a relationship of the form R∝Lα, we obtain for a sample of 14 reverberation-mapped AGN a best-fitting slope of α= 0.5 ± 0.1, which is consistent with the slope of the relationship in the optical band and with the value of 0.5 naïvely expected from photoionization theory. Black hole masses can then be estimated from the near-IR virial product, which is calculated using the strong and unblended Paschen broad emission lines (Paα or Paβ).

  3. A morphometric CT study of Down's syndrome showing small posterior fossa and calcification of basal ganglia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ieshima, A.; Yoshino, K.; Takashima, S.; Takeshita, K.; Kisa, T.

    1984-01-01

    We report characteristic and morphometric changes of cranial computed tomography (CT) with increasing age in 56 patients with Down's syndrome aged from 0 month to 37 years. Patients were compared with 142 normal controls aged 0 to 59 years. Width of ventricles, Sylvian fissures, posterior fossa, pons and cisterna magna were measured on CT. The incidences of the cavum septi pellucidi, cavum vergae and cavum veli interpositi and high density in the basal ganglia were examined. There was high incidence (10.7%) of bilateral calcification of basal ganglia in Down's syndrome, although that of pineal body and choroid plexus calcification was similar in Down's syndrome and controls. Basal ganglia calcification is more frequently seen in young Down's syndrome and may be related to the premature aging characteristic of Down's syndrome. The CT in Down's syndrome showed relatively small posterior fossa, small cerebellum, small brain stem and relatively large Sylvian fissures in those under one year of age. There was a high frequency of midline cava and large cisterna magna. There were no significant atrophic changes on CT except after the fifth decade comparing with controls. (orig.)

  4. The Dentato-Rubro-Olivary Tract: Clinical Dimension of This Anatomical Pathway

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fadil Khoyratty

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Symptomatic palatal tremor is potentially the result of a lesion in the triangle of Guillain-Mollaret (1931 and is associated with hypertrophic olivary degeneration (HOD which has characteristic MR findings. The triangle is defined by dentate efferents ascending through the superior cerebellar peduncle and crossing in the decussation of the brachium conjunctivum inferior to the red nucleus, to finaliy reach the inferior olivary nucleus (ION via the central tegmental tract. The triangle is completed by ION decussating efferents terminating on the original dentate nucleus via the inferior cerebellar peduncle. We can demonstrate the anatomy of this anatomical triangle using a clinical case of palatal tremor presenting with bilateral subjective pulsatile tinnitus along with the pathognomonic MR findings previously described. The hyperintense T2 signal in these patients may be permanent, but the hypertrophied olive normally regresses after 4 years. The temporal relationship between the evolution of the histopathology and the development of the palatal tremor remains unknown as does the natural history of the tremor. Botox injection at the level of tensor and levator veli palatini insertion have been used to treat patients with disabling tremor synchronous tinnitus. A lesion involving the triangle can have a quite varied clinical expression.

  5. Influence of Electropolishing and Magnetoelectropolishing on Corrosion and Biocompatibility of Titanium Implants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahman, Zia ur; Pompa, Luis; Haider, Waseem

    2014-11-01

    Titanium alloys are playing a vital role in the field of biomaterials due to their excellent corrosion resistance and biocompatibility. These alloys enhance the quality and longevity of human life by replacing or treating various parts of the body. However, as these materials are in constant contact with the aggressive body fluids, corrosion of these alloys leads to metal ions release. These ions leach to the adjacent tissues and result in adverse biological reactions and mechanical failure of implant. Surface modifications are used to improve corrosion resistance and biological activity without changing their bulk properties. In this investigation, electropolishing and magnetoelectropolishing were carried out on commercially pure titanium, Ti6Al4V, and Ti6Al4V-ELI. These surface modifications are known to effect surface charge, chemistry, morphology; wettability, corrosion resistance, and biocompatibility of these materials. In vitro cyclic potentiodynamic polarization tests were conducted in phosphate buffer saline in compliance with ASTM standard F-2129-12. The surface morphology, roughness, and wettability of these alloys were studied using scanning electron microscope, atomic force microscope, and contact angle meter, respectively. Moreover, biocompatibility of titanium alloys was assessed by growing MC3T3 pre-osteoblast cells on them.

  6. THE BLENDED LEARNING ENVIRONMENT ON THE FOREIGN LANGUAGE LEARNING PROCESS: A Balance for Motivation and Achievement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bahar ISIGUZEL

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to determine the effects on motivation and success within the application of blended learning environments in the foreign language class. The research sample is formed by third grade students studying in the tourism and hotel management programs of the faculty for tourism and the faculty of economics and administrative sciences at the Nevsehir Hacı Bektas Veli University (Turkey in fall semester of the 2012-2013 academic year. The research group consists of 62 students and there of 35 students belong to the experimental group and the other 27 persons belong to the control group. While the experimental group was subject to 14 hours online and 6 hours traditional face to face learning, the control group was subject to only 6 hours traditional face to face learning. The research has been completed after a 10 week application. The data on the research have been collected with German course achievement tests via the German Language Learning Motivation Scale. The results reveal that the experimental group of students attending the German classes in blended learning environments has more success and higher motivation compared to the control group attending German language classes in the traditional learning environment. Even if the learners achieve certain success and motivation findings in the classroom and face to face environments performed along with teaching-learning activities mainly in control of the instructor, the success and motivation effect of the blended learning environment could not be achieved.

  7. Eğitimde esnek çalıştırma biçimlerinin öğrenme ortamına yansımalarının çözümlenmesi

    OpenAIRE

    DEMİR, Nacar

    2010-01-01

    Bu araştırmada, eğitimde esnek çalıştırma biçimlerinin öğrenme ortamına yansımalarının çözümlenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Bu amaçla, öğretmenlerin mesleklerine yükledikleri değer, toplumun öğretmenlik mesleğine bakışı, farklı çalıştırma biçimlerinin öğretmenler tarafından nasıl algılandığı ve değerlendirildiği, bu çalıştırma biçimlerinin öğretmen-öğrenci-yönetici-veli ilişkilerine etkisi, iş güvencesinden yoksun çalıştırılan öğretmenlerin mesleği yerine getirirken yaşadıkları so...

  8. Involvement of pterygoid venous plexus in patulous eustachian tube symptoms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oshima, Takeshi; Ogura, Masaki; Kikuchi, Toshiaki; Hori, Yoko; Mugikura, Shunji; Higano, Shuichi; Takahashi, Shoki; Kawase, Tetsuaki; Kobayashi, Toshimitsu

    2007-07-01

    The pterygoid venous plexus (PVP) is an important factor in the mechanism of eustachian tube (ET) closure under conditions that can cause increased venous pressure in the head, such as during neck compression and postural change from the sitting/standing to the recumbent position. The symptoms of patulous ET are usually improved by neck compression or postural change (from sitting/standing to recumbent position). Venous congestion around the ET and/or gravitational change may be involved in the changing degree of symptoms, but its mechanism is not understood. This study investigated whether the PVP is involved. The dimensions of soft tissues surrounding ET were measured on magnetic resonance images before and after neck compression. The lateral pterygoid muscle became enlarged after neck compression. Simultaneously, the volume of venous plexus observed between the medial pterygoid muscle and tensor veli palatini muscle was increased. Such enlargement was probably due to blood pooling in the PVP, resulting in protrusion of the ET anterior wall to the luminal side, and decreased ET patency.

  9. Effetti del siero immune su colture cellulari di macrofagi infettati con Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony: analisi morfologica mediante microscopia elettronica a scansione

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Attilio Pini

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available I macrofagi sono cellule del sistema immunitario che svolgono un ruolo fondamentale nel meccanismo di difesa dell’ospite contro gli agenti patogeni. Attualmente è ancora poco chiara la dinamica del loro intervento e della risposta umorale nel favorire l’attività fagocitaria nei confronti di Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (Mmm-SC, agente eziologico della pleuropolmonite contagiosa bovina (PPCB. Questo studio è stato condotto al fine di valutare le modificazioni morfologiche della superficie macrofagica in seguito all’infezione in vitro con Mmm-SC in presenza di siero immune bovino. L’analisi morfologica dei macrofagi è stata condotta su colture, 6 ore dopo l’infezione, utilizzando l’analisi tridimensionale della microscopia elettronica a scansione. I macrofagi non infettati, in presenza di siero negativo o immune, e i macrofagi infettati con Mmm-SC, in assenza di siero, hanno mostrato solo lievi modificazioni della loro superficie. Al contrario, in colture di macrofagi infettati e in presenza di siero immune sono state osservate marcate modificazioni della superficie cellulare, come ampi veli e filopodi (indicatori di attivazione cellulare, e piccoli aggregati di micoplasmi in stretto contatto con le membrane macrofagiche. I risultati suggeriscono che la risposta umorale specifica per Mmm-SC può contribuire a innescare l’attività fagocitaria dei macrofagi.

  10. Brain lesions in congenital nystagmus as detected by computed tomography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lo, Chin-Ying

    1982-01-01

    Computed tomography (CT) was performed in a series of 60 cases with congenital nystagmus. The type of nystagmus was pendular in 20 and jerky in 40 cases. The age ranged from 3 months to 13 years. Abnormal CT findings of the central nervous system were detected in 31 cases (52%). There were 5 major CT findings: midline anomalies, cortical atrophy, ventricular dilatation, brain stem atrophy and low density area. The midline anomalies involved cavum septi pellucidi, cavum Vergae, cavum veli interpositi and partial agenesis of corpus callosum. The abnormal CT findings were more prominent in pendular type than in jerky type. The incidence of congenital nystagmus and positive CT findings were the same in the first and the second birth. There was a history of abnormalities during the prenatal or perinatal period in 28 out of the 60 cases (47%). This feature seemed to play a significant role in the occurrence of congenital nystagmus. The observed organic lesions in the central nervous system by CT would contribute to the elucidation of pathomechanism of congenital nystagmus. (author)

  11. A road map to the internal carotid artery in expanded endoscopic endonasal approaches to the ventral cranial base.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Labib, Mohamed A; Prevedello, Daniel M; Carrau, Ricardo; Kerr, Edward E; Naudy, Cristian; Abou Al-Shaar, Hussam; Corsten, Martin; Kassam, Amin

    2014-09-01

    Injuring the internal carotid artery (ICA) is a feared complication of endoscopic endonasal approaches. To introduce a comprehensive ICA classification scheme pertinent to safe endoscopic endonasal cranial base surgery. Anatomic dissections were performed in 33 cadaveric specimens (bilateral). Anatomic correlations were analyzed. Based on anatomic correlations, the ICA may be described as 6 distinct segments: (1) parapharyngeal (common carotid bifurcation to ICA foramen); (2) petrous (carotid canal to posterolateral aspect of foramen lacerum); (3) paraclival (posterolateral foramen lacerum to the superomedial aspect of the petrous apex); (4) parasellar (superomedial petrous apex to the proximal dural ring); (5) paraclinoid (from the proximal to the distal dural rings); and (6) intradural (distal ring to ICA bifurcation). Corresponding surgical landmarks included the Eustachian tube, the fossa of Rosenmüller, and levator veli palatini for the parapharyngeal segment; the vidian canal and V3 for the petrous segment; the fibrocartilage of foramen lacerum, foramen rotundum, maxillary strut, lingular process of the sphenoid bone, and paraclival protuberance for the paraclival segment; the sellar floor and petrous apex for the parasellar segment; and the medial and lateral opticocarotid and lateral tubercular recesses, as well as the distal osseous arch of the carotid sulcus for the paraclinoid segment. The proposed endoscopic classification outlines key anatomic reference points independent of the vessel's geometry or the sinonasal pneumatization, thus serving as (1) a practical guide to navigate the ventral cranial base while avoiding injury to the ICA and (2) further foundation for a modular access system.

  12. "Kes kaunis on, peab andma vastse võsu..." : [sonetid] / William Shakespeare ; tlk. Harald Rajamets, Ants Oras

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616

    2006-01-01

    Sisu: "Kes kaunis on, peab andma vastse võsu..." ; "Sa peeglist näed: need palgejooned nüüd..." ; "Seesama aeg, mis kunstipeenelt voolib..." ; "Miks muusika teeb nukraks sind, kes ise..." ; "Ei, armastust ei tunne sinu rind..." ; "Nii ruttu, kui sa hääbud, uueks sirgud..." ; "Kui kuulen, kuidas aega mõõdab kell..." ; "Kuid miks sa ise tõhusamal moel..." ; "Kas suvepäeva sarnaseks sind kiita?..." ; "Aeg, õgard, küüned lõvil tömbiks kääna... ; "Ei veena peegel mind, et olen vana..." ; "Just nagu näitleja, kel kinni keel..." ; "Mu silm kui taidur võttis pilti teha..." ; "Mu armu isand, kelle truu vasall..." ; "Ma reisist väsinuna heidan sängi..." ; "Kui õnnest hüljatuna nutan sala..." ; "Kui vaikse leebe mõtte kohtu ette..." ; "Ma olen näinud küll, kuis tõusev päike..." ; "Ma tunnistan, et meid on siiski kaks..." ; "Nii nagu isa, vanadusest nõrka..." ; "Kui sulen laud, mu silmad hästi näevad..." ; "Nii ränk on reisida mul tüütul teel..." ; "Mis on su olemus, mis tuum su, miks..." ; "Ei kuningate uhked marmorsambad..." ; "Arm, uuenda end, nii et öelda sust..." ; "Kui uut ei olegi, vaid kõik on sama..." ; "Nii nagu lained ulgumerelt randa..." ; "Neiks päeviks, kui kord aeg mu armsal palge..." ; "Et näen, kuis aja käsi kõike lõhub..." ; "Kui pronksi, kivi, maad ja merd võib neelda..." ; "Mu tusk on ränk, nüüd surma kutsuks küll..." ; "Kui suren, ära leina mind sa kaua..." ; "Sa minus seda aastaaega näed..." ; "Mul sinust kirjutades arg on meel..." ; "Oo hüvasti! Liig kallis mul su hind..." ; "Siis vihka mind, kui pead, ja kohe praegu..." ; "Mõnd uhkeks teeb ta kunst, mõnd sünnipära..." ; "Sust eemal olin kevadel, mu arm..." ; "Kui möödaläinud aja kroonikais..." ; "Mis on veel ajul paberile kanda..." ; "Jah, tõsi, olen käinus siin ja seal..." ; "Ma uskuda ei saa, et murda suudab..." ; "On parem olla halb kui halvaks peetud..." ; "Ei, aeg, sa ära hoople, et mind muudad..." ; "Mu muusika, kui muusikat sa teed

  13. Fetal development of the pulley for muscle insertion tendons: A review and new findings related to the tensor tympani tendon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez-Vázquez, Jose Francisco; Honkura, Yohei; Katori, Yukio; Murakami, Gen; Abe, Hiroshi

    2017-01-01

    The existence of hard tissue pulleys that act to change the direction of a muscle insertion tendon is well known in the human body. These include (1) the trochlea for the extraocular obliquus superior muscle, (2) the pterygoid hamulus for the tensor veli palatini muscle, (3) the deep sulcus on the plantar aspect of the cuboid bone for the peroneus longus tendon, (4) the lesser sciatic notch for the obturator internus muscle, and (5) the bony trochleariformis process for the tensor tympani muscle tendon. In addition, (6) the stapedius muscle tendon shows a lesser or greater angulation at the pyramidal eminence of the temporal bone. Our recent studies have shown that the development of pulleys Nos. 1 and 2 can be explained by a change in the topographical relationship between the pulley and the tendon, that of pulley No. 3 by the rapidly growing calcaneus pushing the tendon, and that of pulley No. 4 by migration of the insertion along the sciatic nerve and gluteus medius tendon. Therefore, in Nos. 1-4, an initially direct tendon curves secondarily and obtains an attachment to the pulley. In case No. 6, the terminal part of the stapedius tendon originates secondarily from the interzone mesenchymal tissue of the incudostapedial joint. In the case of pulley No. 5, we newly demonstrated that its initial phase of development was similar to No. 6, but the tensor tympani tendon achieved a right-angled turn under guidance by a specific fibrous tissue and it migrated along the growing malleus manubrium. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

  14. Clarifying the Hubble constant tension with a Bayesian hierarchical model of the local distance ladder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feeney, Stephen M.; Mortlock, Daniel J.; Dalmasso, Niccolò

    2018-05-01

    Estimates of the Hubble constant, H0, from the local distance ladder and from the cosmic microwave background (CMB) are discrepant at the ˜3σ level, indicating a potential issue with the standard Λ cold dark matter (ΛCDM) cosmology. A probabilistic (i.e. Bayesian) interpretation of this tension requires a model comparison calculation, which in turn depends strongly on the tails of the H0 likelihoods. Evaluating the tails of the local H0 likelihood requires the use of non-Gaussian distributions to faithfully represent anchor likelihoods and outliers, and simultaneous fitting of the complete distance-ladder data set to ensure correct uncertainty propagation. We have hence developed a Bayesian hierarchical model of the full distance ladder that does not rely on Gaussian distributions and allows outliers to be modelled without arbitrary data cuts. Marginalizing over the full ˜3000-parameter joint posterior distribution, we find H0 = (72.72 ± 1.67) km s-1 Mpc-1 when applied to the outlier-cleaned Riess et al. data, and (73.15 ± 1.78) km s-1 Mpc-1 with supernova outliers reintroduced (the pre-cut Cepheid data set is not available). Using our precise evaluation of the tails of the H0 likelihood, we apply Bayesian model comparison to assess the evidence for deviation from ΛCDM given the distance-ladder and CMB data. The odds against ΛCDM are at worst ˜10:1 when considering the Planck 2015 XIII data, regardless of outlier treatment, considerably less dramatic than naïvely implied by the 2.8σ discrepancy. These odds become ˜60:1 when an approximation to the more-discrepant Planck Intermediate XLVI likelihood is included.

  15. Feasibility study to assess clinical applications of 3-T cine MRI coupled with synchronous audio recording during speech in evaluation of velopharyngeal insufficiency in children

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sagar, Pallavi; Nimkin, Katherine [Massachusetts General Hospital, Department of Radiology, Division of Pediatric Radiology, Boston, MA (United States)

    2014-08-16

    In the past decade, there has been increased utilization of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in evaluating and understanding velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI). To our knowledge, none of the prior studies with MRI has simultaneously linked the audio recordings of speech during cine MRI acquisition with the corresponding images and created a video for evaluating VPI. To develop an MRI protocol with static and cine sequences during phonation to evaluate for VPI in children and compare the findings to nasopharyngoscopy and videofluoroscopy. Five children, ages 8-16 years, with known VPI, who had previously undergone nasopharyngoscopy and videofluoroscopy, were included. MRI examination was performed on a 3-T Siemens scanner. Anatomical data was obtained using an isotropic T2-weighted 3-D SPACE sequence with multiplanar reformation capability. Dynamic data was obtained using 2-D FLASH cine sequences of the airway in three imaging planes during phonation. Audio recordings were captured by a MRI compatible optical microphone. All five cases had MRI and nasopharyngoscopy and four had videofluoroscopy performed. VPI was identified by MRI in all five patients. The location and severity of the velopharyngeal gap, closure pattern, velar size and shape and levator veli palatini (LVP) muscle were identified in all patients. MRI was superior in visualizing the integrity of the LVP muscle. MRI was unable to identify hemipalatal weakness in one case. In a case of stress-induced VPI, occurring only during clarinet playing, cine MRI demonstrated discordant findings of a velopharyngeal gap during phonatory tasks but not with instrument playing. Overall, there was satisfactory correlation among MRI, nasopharyngoscopy and videofluoroscopy findings. Cine MRI of the airway during speech is a noninvasive, well-tolerated diagnostic imaging tool that has the potential to serve as a guide prior to and after surgical correction of VPI. MRI provided superior anatomical detail of the levator

  16. Prognostic factors of nasopharynx tumors investigated by MR imaging and the value of MR imaging in the newly published TNM staging

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sakata, Koh-ichi; Hareyama, Masato; Tamakawa, Mituharu; Oouchi, Atushi; Sido, Mitsuo; Nagakura, Hisayasu; Akiba, Hidenari; Koito, Kazumitsu; Himi, Tetsuo; Asakura, Kohji

    1999-01-01

    Purpose: To examine the usefulness of MR imaging for predicting local control of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and the value of MR imaging in the newly published fifth edition of the TNM classification. Methods and Materials: We studied 29 patients with NPC with MR imaging and CT before and after treatment. Staging was done according to the fourth and newly published fifth editions of the International Union Against Cancer (UICC) staging system. The radiotherapy protocol was designed to deliver 66 to 68 Gy to the primary tumor and clinically involved nodes. Results: MR proved better than CT at identifying obliteration of the pharyngobasilar fascia, invasion of the sinus of Morgagni, through which the cartilaginous portion of the eustachian tube and the levator veli palatini muscle pass, invasion of the skull base, and metastases to lymph nodes in the carotid and retropharyngeal spaces. All seven patients without invasion of the pharyngobasilar fascia had local control. The local control rates of patients with invasion of the skull base were not good (60 to 73%). There was no apparent relationship between tumor volume determined by T1-weighted MR images and local control when the tumor volume was more than 20 cc. The newly published N staging system appears to successfully identify the high-risk group for distant metastasis as N3. In our series, four of five patients with N3 disease developed distant metastases. Conclusion: Deep infiltration of the tumor is a more important prognostic factor in NPC than tumor volume. Since the newly published T staging system requires a search for tumor invasion into soft tissue such as parapharyngeal space and bony structures, MR imaging may be indispensable for the newly published NPC staging system

  17. Feasibility study to assess clinical applications of 3-T cine MRI coupled with synchronous audio recording during speech in evaluation of velopharyngeal insufficiency in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sagar, Pallavi; Nimkin, Katherine

    2015-02-01

    In the past decade, there has been increased utilization of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in evaluating and understanding velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI). To our knowledge, none of the prior studies with MRI has simultaneously linked the audio recordings of speech during cine MRI acquisition with the corresponding images and created a video for evaluating VPI. To develop an MRI protocol with static and cine sequences during phonation to evaluate for VPI in children and compare the findings to nasopharyngoscopy and videofluoroscopy. Five children, ages 8-16 years, with known VPI, who had previously undergone nasopharyngoscopy and videofluoroscopy, were included. MRI examination was performed on a 3-T Siemens scanner. Anatomical data was obtained using an isotropic T2-weighted 3-D SPACE sequence with multiplanar reformation capability. Dynamic data was obtained using 2-D FLASH cine sequences of the airway in three imaging planes during phonation. Audio recordings were captured by a MRI compatible optical microphone. All five cases had MRI and nasopharyngoscopy and four had videofluoroscopy performed. VPI was identified by MRI in all five patients. The location and severity of the velopharyngeal gap, closure pattern, velar size and shape and levator veli palatini (LVP) muscle were identified in all patients. MRI was superior in visualizing the integrity of the LVP muscle. MRI was unable to identify hemipalatal weakness in one case. In a case of stress-induced VPI, occurring only during clarinet playing, cine MRI demonstrated discordant findings of a velopharyngeal gap during phonatory tasks but not with instrument playing. Overall, there was satisfactory correlation among MRI, nasopharyngoscopy and videofluoroscopy findings. Cine MRI of the airway during speech is a noninvasive, well-tolerated diagnostic imaging tool that has the potential to serve as a guide prior to and after surgical correction of VPI. MRI provided superior anatomical detail of the levator

  18. Feasibility study to assess clinical applications of 3-T cine MRI coupled with synchronous audio recording during speech in evaluation of velopharyngeal insufficiency in children

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sagar, Pallavi; Nimkin, Katherine

    2015-01-01

    In the past decade, there has been increased utilization of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in evaluating and understanding velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI). To our knowledge, none of the prior studies with MRI has simultaneously linked the audio recordings of speech during cine MRI acquisition with the corresponding images and created a video for evaluating VPI. To develop an MRI protocol with static and cine sequences during phonation to evaluate for VPI in children and compare the findings to nasopharyngoscopy and videofluoroscopy. Five children, ages 8-16 years, with known VPI, who had previously undergone nasopharyngoscopy and videofluoroscopy, were included. MRI examination was performed on a 3-T Siemens scanner. Anatomical data was obtained using an isotropic T2-weighted 3-D SPACE sequence with multiplanar reformation capability. Dynamic data was obtained using 2-D FLASH cine sequences of the airway in three imaging planes during phonation. Audio recordings were captured by a MRI compatible optical microphone. All five cases had MRI and nasopharyngoscopy and four had videofluoroscopy performed. VPI was identified by MRI in all five patients. The location and severity of the velopharyngeal gap, closure pattern, velar size and shape and levator veli palatini (LVP) muscle were identified in all patients. MRI was superior in visualizing the integrity of the LVP muscle. MRI was unable to identify hemipalatal weakness in one case. In a case of stress-induced VPI, occurring only during clarinet playing, cine MRI demonstrated discordant findings of a velopharyngeal gap during phonatory tasks but not with instrument playing. Overall, there was satisfactory correlation among MRI, nasopharyngoscopy and videofluoroscopy findings. Cine MRI of the airway during speech is a noninvasive, well-tolerated diagnostic imaging tool that has the potential to serve as a guide prior to and after surgical correction of VPI. MRI provided superior anatomical detail of the levator

  19. MARVELS-1: A FACE-ON DOUBLE-LINED BINARY STAR MASQUERADING AS A RESONANT PLANETARY SYSTEM AND CONSIDERATION OF RARE FALSE POSITIVES IN RADIAL VELOCITY PLANET SEARCHES

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wright, Jason T.; Roy, Arpita; Mahadevan, Suvrath; Wang, Sharon X.; Fleming, Scott W.; Ford, Eric B.; Payne, Matt; Lee, Brian L.; Ge, Jian; Wang, Ji; Crepp, Justin R.; Gaudi, B. Scott; Eastman, Jason; Pepper, Joshua; Cargile, Phillip; Stassun, Keivan G.; Ghezzi, Luan; González-Hernández, Jonay I.; Wisniewski, John; Dutra-Ferreira, Leticia

    2013-01-01

    We have analyzed new and previously published radial velocity (RV) observations of MARVELS-1, known to have an ostensibly substellar companion in a ∼6 day orbit. We find significant (∼100 m s –1 ) residuals to the best-fit model for the companion, and these residuals are naïvely consistent with an interior giant planet with a P = 1.965 days in a nearly perfect 3:1 period commensurability (|P b /P c – 3| –4 ). We have performed several tests for the reality of such a companion, including a dynamical analysis, a search for photometric variability, and a hunt for contaminating stellar spectra. We find many reasons to be critical of a planetary interpretation, including the fact that most of the three-body dynamical solutions are unstable. We find no evidence for transits, and no evidence of stellar photometric variability. We have discovered two apparent companions to MARVELS-1 with adaptive optics imaging at Keck; both are M dwarfs, one is likely bound, and the other is likely a foreground object. We explore false-alarm scenarios inspired by various curiosities in the data. Ultimately, a line profile and bisector analysis lead us to conclude that the ∼100 m s –1 residuals are an artifact of spectral contamination from a stellar companion contributing ∼15%-30% of the optical light in the system. We conclude that origin of this contamination is the previously detected RV companion to MARVELS-1, which is not, as previously reported, a brown dwarf, but in fact a G dwarf in a face-on orbit.

  20. GLGM-3: A Degree-ISO Lunar Gravity Model from the Historical Tracking Data of NASA Moon Orbiters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazarico, E.; Lemoine, F. G.; Han, Shin-Chan; Smith, D. E.

    2010-01-01

    In preparation for the radio science experiment of the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) mission, we analyzed the available radio tracking data of previous NASA lunar orbiters. Our goal was to use these historical observations in combination with the new low-altitude data to be obtained by LRO. We performed Precision Orbit Determination on trajectory arcs from Lunar Orbiter 1 in 1966 to Lunar Prospector in 1998, using the GEODYN II program developed at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. We then created a set of normal equations and solved for the coefficients of a spherical harmonics expansion of the lunar gravity potential up to degree and order 150. The GLGM-3 solution obtained with a global Kaula constraint (2.5 x 10(exp -4)/sq l) shows good agreement with model LP150Q from the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, especially over the nearside. The levels of data fit with both gravity models are very similar (Doppler RMS of approx.0.2 and approx. 1-2 mm/s in the nominal and extended phases, respectiVely). Orbit overlaps and uncertainties estimated from the covariance matrix also agree well. GLGM-3 shows better correlation with lunar topography and admittance over the nearside at high degrees of expansion (l > 100), particularly near the poles. We also present three companion solutions, obtained with the same data set but using alternate inversion strategies that modify the power law constraint and expectation of the individual spherical harmonics coefficients. We give a detailed discussion of the performance of this family of gravity field solutions in terms of observation fit, orbit quality, and geophysical consistency.

  1. Capture, transport and husbandry of Naucrates ductor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco De Vaissier Ferro Mauricio

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This is a report on the capture, transport, and husbandry of Naucrates ductor, also known as pilot fish. Approximately 100 individuals were collected by Flying Sharks in the sequence of an order from multiple public aquaria. Because there is vely limited knowledge about the capture, husbandry and transport of this species, it became necessary to investigate how to achieve this while causing minimum mortality and ensuring animal welfare. Collection was done in the Azores Islands, approximately 20 nautical miles from Horta, using a standard fishing rod and hook, after attracting blue sharks with bait. The animals were transported to shore inside plastic vats and introduced to large 2,0 m wide holding tanks at the Porto Pim Aquarium, where they were held for 2 months. Multiple treatments for wounds, and parasite control, were used and are reported. Transport to mainland Portugal was done aboard a commercial vessel, inside 2,4 m wide polyethylene vats with mechanical and chemical filtration consisting of cartridge filters and protein skimmers, respectively. Once docked on shore the 40 ft. container was then moved to a truck, where it traveled to Spain and France over 6 days. The total transport time of those animals delivered last was therefore 11 days and no mortalities were sustained in transit. The remaining animals were kept in Peniche for 2 more months inside 2,4 m wide polyethylene vats, with filtration consisting of cartridge and protein skimmers, as well as daily water changes. Multiple challenges faced during the collection, holding and transport processes are presented in this presentation.

  2. Strategic biopharmaceutical portfolio development: an analysis of constraint-induced implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    George, Edmund D; Farid, Suzanne S

    2008-01-01

    Optimizing the structure and development pathway of biopharmaceutical drug portfolios are core concerns to the developer that come with several attached complexities. These include strategic decisions for the choice of drugs, the scheduling of critical activities, and the possible involvement of third parties for development and manufacturing at various stages for each drug. Additional complexities that must be considered include the impact of making such decisions in an uncertain environment. Presented here is the development of a stochastic multi-objective optimization framework designed to address these issues. The framework harnesses the ability of Bayesian networks to characterize the probabilistic structure of superior decisions via machine learning and evolve them to multi-objective optimality. Case studies that entailed three- and five-drug portfolios alongside a range of cash flow constraints were constructed to derive insight from the framework where results demonstrate that a variety of options exist for formulating nondominated strategies in the objective space considered, giving the manufacturer a range of pursuable options. In all cases limitations on cash flow reduce the potential for generating profits for a given probability of success. For the sizes of portfolio considered, results suggest that naïvely applying strategies optimal for a particular size of portfolio to a portfolio of another size is inappropriate. For the five-drug portfolio the most preferred means for development across the set of optimized strategies is to fully integrate development and commercial activities in-house. For the three-drug portfolio, the preferred means of development involves a mixture of in-house, outsourced, and partnered activities. Also, the size of the portfolio appears to have a larger impact on strategy and the quality of objectives than the magnitude of cash flow constraint.

  3. Mehanizam trenja i trošenja vodećeg prstena projektila / Friction and wear mechanism of the projectile rotating band

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zoran Ristić

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available U radu je opisan mehanizam trenja i trošenja vodećeg prstena projektila usled zagrevanja i topljenja kontaktne površine projektila. Primenjen je model hidrodinamičkog klizanja vodećeg prstena i postavljena Rejnoldsova jednačina za "fluid" (otopljeni film. Pretpostavlja se da je temperatura fluida konstantna i jednaka temperaturi topljenja na kontaktnim površinama. Na osnovu ukupnog prelaza toplote sa filma koji je stvoren između topljive i netopljive površine (model Landan određeni su rezultati za debljinu filma, koeficijent trenja i trošenje materijala. U raduje određena veličina trošenja vodećeg prstena i uticaj nekih parametara na silu trenja i debljinu filma otopljenog materijala prstena. Dobijeni rezultati ilustrovani su na odabranom primeru. / Friction and wear model of rotating band, due to, heating and melting material between the contact surface of a bore and projectile is described in this paper. The hydrodynamic slider-bearing model of the metal rotating band is applied and the Reynold's equation for the "fluid" (melting film has been used in this work. The fluid temperature was assumed to be constant and equal to the melting temperature on the contact surface. Based on the total heat transfer from the film, which is made, between the melting on the non-melting surface (Landan model and certain results of the film thickness, the coefficient of melt friction and the material wear were achieve. The size wears of the projectile rotating band and influence of certain parameters on the friction force and the film thickness are given in this paper. The achieved results have been illustrated by chosen example.

  4. Measurement of parapharyngeal space using CT images

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ichimura, Keiichi; Kase, Yasuhiro; Iinuma, Toshitaka

    1991-01-01

    Parapharyngeal space can be defined as a potential space surrounded by deglutitional and masticator muscles and their covering, superficial and middle layer of deep cervical fascia. Parapharyngeal space has traditionally been divided by styloid process and fascia of tensor veli palatini muscle (nasopharyngeal level) or fascia of stylopharyngeus muscle (oropharyngeal level) into two compartments, prestyloid and poststyloid spaces. The latter is often called as carotid space. Prestyloid portion exclusively contains fat tissue, which yields hypoabsorption area in CT films and high density area in MRI. In most of papers in radiological journals, the term of parapharyngeal space is regarded as its prestyloid portion which is clearly identified. Axial CT images of 144 patients without any naso- or oropharyngeal lesions were analyzed. Two reference levels of nasopharynx were adopted for the study. The upper level passes through the plane of fossa of Rosenmuller, and the lower reference level transects soft palate. The following parameters of the space were measured; Length and width of the whole space, length and width of prestyloid fatty space, and furthermore, width of pre- and poststyloid space, that were divided by a imaginary line pararell to the axis of the whole space (the upper level); Length and width of the whole space, length of base and height of a triangle of the prestyloid part (the lower level). While parapharyngeal space was symmmetrical in the upper level, the rate of asymmetry amounted to a fourth in the lower level. Prestyloid space was broader than poststyloid one in the upper level. Men were dominant in length of the space in both the upper and the lower level and in length of the base of fatty space in the lower level. There was no difference between any age groups other than in fatty area in the lower level. Teens tended to be narrow, while 60's and older were wide. (author)

  5. Planning for ex situ conservation in the face of uncertainty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canessa, Stefano; Converse, Sarah J.; West, Matt; Clemann, Nick; Gillespie, Graeme; McFadden, Michael; Silla, Aimee J; Parris, Kirsten M; McCarthy, Michael A

    2016-01-01

    Ex situ conservation strategies for threatened species often require long-term commitment and financial investment to achieve management objectives. We present a framework that considers the decision to adopt ex situ management for a target species as the end point of several linked decisions. We used a decision tree to intuitively represent the logical sequence of decision making. The first decision is to identify the specific management actions most likely to achieve the fundamental objectives of the recovery plan, with or without the use of ex-situ populations. Once this decision has been made, one decides whether to establish an ex situ population, accounting for the probability of success in the initial phase of the recovery plan, for example, the probability of successful breeding in captivity. Approaching these decisions in the reverse order (attempting to establish an ex situ population before its purpose is clearly defined) can lead to a poor allocation of resources, because it may restrict the range of available decisions in the second stage. We applied our decision framework to the recovery program for the threatened spotted tree frog (Litoria spenceri) of southeastern Australia. Across a range of possible management actions, only those including ex situ management were expected to provide >50% probability of the species’ persistence, but these actions cost more than use of in situ alternatives only. The expected benefits of ex situ actions were predicted to be offset by additional uncertainty and stochasticity associated with establishing and maintaining ex situ populations. Naïvely implementing ex situ conservation strategies can lead to inefficient management. Our framework may help managers explicitly evaluate objectives, management options, and the probability of success prior to establishing a captive colony of any given species.

  6. The Role of Titanium Surface Microtopography on Adhesion, Proliferation, Transformation, and Matrix Deposition of Corneal Cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Chengxin; Lei, Fengyang; Chodosh, James; Paschalis, Eleftherios I

    2016-04-01

    Titanium (Ti) is an excellent implantable biomaterial that can be further enhanced by surface topography optimization. Despite numerous data from orthopedics and dentistry, the effect of Ti surface topography on ocular cells is still poorly understood. In light of the recent adaptation of Ti in the Boston Keratoprosthesis artificial cornea, we attempted to perform an extended evaluation of the effect of Ti surface topography on corneal cell adhesion, proliferation, cytotoxicity, transformation, and matrix deposition. Different surface topographies were generated on medical grade Ti-6Al-4V-ELI (extra-low interstitial), with linearly increased roughness (polished to grit blasted). Biological response was evaluated in vitro using human corneal limbal epithelial (HCLE) cells, stromal fibroblasts (HCF), and endothelial cells (HCEnC). None of the Ti surface topographies caused cytotoxicity to any of the three corneal cell types. However, rough Ti surface inhibited HCLE and HCF cell adhesion and proliferation, while HCEnC proliferation was unaffected. Long-term experiments with HCF revealed that rough Ti surface with R(a) (the arithmetic average of the profile height from the mean line) ≥ 1.15 μm suppressed HCF focal adhesion kinase phosphorylation, changed fibroblast morphology, and caused less aligned and reduced deposition of collagen matrix as compared to smooth Ti (R(a) ≤ 0.08 μm). In the presence of transforming growth factor β1 (TGFβ1) stimulation, rough Ti inhibited alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) expression and collagen deposition, leading to decreased myofibroblast transformation and disorganization of the collagen fibrils as compared to smooth Ti. This study suggests that Ti surface topography regulates corneal cell behavior in a tissue-dependent manner that varies across the corneal strata. Contrary to the accepted paradigm, smooth surface topography can enhance cell adhesion and proliferation and increase matrix deposition by corneal cells.

  7. Die emotionale Dimension während der Sprechproduktion im Fremdsprachenlernprozess

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bahar İŞİGÜZEL

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Die Gefühle bzw. Emotionen der Lernenden beim Fremdsprachenlehr- und Lernprozess spielen eine wichtige Rolle. Mit der Verknüpfung der Emotion und Kognition beim Lernprozess, haben die positiven Gefühle eine große Bedeutung für den Lernerfolg. Als eine produktive Fertigkeit hat das Sprechen eine wesentlich intensive Beziehung mit den Emotionen, weil es in der realen Zeit fließend laufen muss. Der Lernende soll bei der Sprechproduktion spontan die richtigen Wörter auf die richtige Art und Weise anwenden und sie auch noch verständlich aussprechen. Leider erreicht die Sprechfertigkeit meistens eine niedrigere Niveaustufe als die anderen drei (Schreiben, Lesen und Hören Fertigkeiten im Fremdsprachenunterrichtprozess. Diese qualitative Untersuchung konzentriert sich auf die Daten (Tonaufnahme, die anhand eines Interviews während einer Sprechproduktionsübung im universitären Fremdsprachenunterricht gesammelt wurden. Um die emotionale Dimension der Lernenden während der Sprechproduktion zu identifizieren, wurden im Einzelinterview die Frage „Wie fühlst du dich während du eine Fremdsprache (Englisch sprichst?“ gestellt. Die Teilnehmer dieser Untersuchung waren 29 Studenten, die im WS 2016 - 2017 an Universität Nevşehir Hacı Bektaş Veli (Türkei immatrikuliert waren. Die Auswertung des Interviews folgte mit einer Transkription und einer Interpretation der Tonaufnahmen. Die Meinungen zu der emotionalen Dimension während der Sprechproduktion der Studenten wurden kategorisiert. Die Resultate dieser qualitativen Untersuchung zeigen, dass die emotionale Dimension der Lernenden im universitären Kontext sich in drei Kategorien (positiv, negativ und frühere Ausbildung verteilen.

  8. Determinant Factors of Corporate Social Disclosures in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juniati Gunawan

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia as one of the big developing countries has been responding rapidly to the issue of Corporate Social Disclosure (CSD. This can be seen from the CSD section in the listed companies’ annual reports which keep increasing throughout the years. However, there are still inconclusive findings in factors that determine the extent of CSD. Based on a comprehensive research, therefore, this paper examines some selected factors in their relations to the extent of CSD, both quantitatively and qualitatively. Corporate annual reports for the year 2003 to 2006 were examined to verify the CSD practices by applying a content analysis method and multiple regression analysis. Then, firm’s characteristics (category, size, financial performances, age, and group influential (creditors, auditors, owners were analysed to seek their significant relationships to the extent of CSD. The findings show that (1 there was no significant influence of ‘company type’ to the extent of CSD; but ‘company status’ was significantl y influence CSD (2 ‘company size’, ‘financial performances’, ‘age’, and ‘auditors’ influences’ were found to have significant positi ve influences to the extent of CSD; (3 ‘Owners’ influence’ correlated positivel y rather than negati vely to CSD; and (4 Mixed results were provided by the ‘creditors’ influence’ throughout the years. The overall correlations between predictor and criterion variables are considered to be low to moderate, varied from 0.463 to 0.607 for correlation coefficients (R and 0.215 to 0.368 for determinant coefficients (R2 in the regression model.

  9. Planning for ex situ conservation in the face of uncertainty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canessa, Stefano; Converse, Sarah J; West, Matt; Clemann, Nick; Gillespie, Graeme; McFadden, Michael; Silla, Aimee J; Parris, Kirsten M; McCarthy, Michael A

    2016-06-01

    Ex situ conservation strategies for threatened species often require long-term commitment and financial investment to achieve management objectives. We present a framework that considers the decision to adopt ex situ management for a target species as the end point of several linked decisions. We used a decision tree to intuitively represent the logical sequence of decision making. The first decision is to identify the specific management actions most likely to achieve the fundamental objectives of the recovery plan, with or without the use of ex-situ populations. Once this decision has been made, one decides whether to establish an ex situ population, accounting for the probability of success in the initial phase of the recovery plan, for example, the probability of successful breeding in captivity. Approaching these decisions in the reverse order (attempting to establish an ex situ population before its purpose is clearly defined) can lead to a poor allocation of resources, because it may restrict the range of available decisions in the second stage. We applied our decision framework to the recovery program for the threatened spotted tree frog (Litoria spenceri) of southeastern Australia. Across a range of possible management actions, only those including ex situ management were expected to provide >50% probability of the species' persistence, but these actions cost more than use of in situ alternatives only. The expected benefits of ex situ actions were predicted to be offset by additional uncertainty and stochasticity associated with establishing and maintaining ex situ populations. Naïvely implementing ex situ conservation strategies can lead to inefficient management. Our framework may help managers explicitly evaluate objectives, management options, and the probability of success prior to establishing a captive colony of any given species. Published 2015. This article is a U.S. Government work and is in the public domain in the USA.

  10. [STUDY ON WOUND HEALING AFTER Sommerlad TECHNIQUE REPAIR OF ISOLATED CLEFT PALATE].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Yong; Shi, Bing; Wang, Zhiyong; Zhan, Xin

    2014-07-01

    To study the inhibitory effect of Sommerlad technique on the growth of the maxilla by comparing the wound healing between Sommerlad and Von Langenbeck techniques in repair of isolated cleft palate. A retrospective cohort study was conducted on 54 patients with isolated cleft palate who received palatoplasty with levator veli palatini retropositioning according to Sommerlad between June 2005 and August 2011 as trial group; 89 cleft patients received Von Langenbeck technique repair between June 2003 and September 2006 as control group. There was no significant difference in gender and age between 2 groups (P > 0.05). The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, body temperature, and fever were recorded and compared; the wound healing was observed, and the palatal mucosa was graded according to Karsten standard. The operation time of trial group [(72.2 ± 5.5) minutes] was significantly longer than that of control group [(58.1 ± 6.8) minutes] (t = 4.494, P = 0.000); the intraoperative blood loss of trial group [(18.6 ± 6.5) mL] was significantly less than that of control group [(34.2 ± 10.2) mL] (t = 2.447, P = 0.000). Within postoperative 48 hours, the highest body temperature was 36.6-37.6°C (mean, 36.9°C) in trial group, and was 36.8-38.2°C (mean, 37.3°C) in control group; fever occurred in 5 patients (9.3%) of trial group and 21 patients (23.6%) of control group, showing significant difference (χ2 = 4.640, P = 0.030). The patients were followed up 3-18 months (mean, 9 months) in the trial group, and 3-6 years (mean, 4 years) in the control group. Scar was rated as level 0, level 1, and level 2 in 38, 13, and 3 cases of trial group, and in 6, 35, and 48 cases of control group, showing significant difference (Z = -7.785, P = 0.000). The isolated cleft palate repair using Sommerlad technique has the advantages of less injury and less scar tissue, indicating no inhibitory effect on the growth of the maxilla.

  11. Scaling Big Data Cleansing

    KAUST Repository

    Khayyat, Zuhair

    2017-07-31

    Data cleansing approaches have usually focused on detecting and fixing errors with little attention to big data scaling. This presents a serious impediment since identify- ing and repairing dirty data often involves processing huge input datasets, handling sophisticated error discovery approaches and managing huge arbitrary errors. With large datasets, error detection becomes overly expensive and complicated especially when considering user-defined functions. Furthermore, a distinctive algorithm is de- sired to optimize inequality joins in sophisticated error discovery rather than na ̈ıvely parallelizing them. Also, when repairing large errors, their skewed distribution may obstruct effective error repairs. In this dissertation, I present solutions to overcome the above three problems in scaling data cleansing. First, I present BigDansing as a general system to tackle efficiency, scalability, and ease-of-use issues in data cleansing for Big Data. It automatically parallelizes the user’s code on top of general-purpose distributed platforms. Its programming inter- face allows users to express data quality rules independently from the requirements of parallel and distributed environments. Without sacrificing their quality, BigDans- ing also enables parallel execution of serial repair algorithms by exploiting the graph representation of discovered errors. The experimental results show that BigDansing outperforms existing baselines up to more than two orders of magnitude. Although BigDansing scales cleansing jobs, it still lacks the ability to handle sophisticated error discovery requiring inequality joins. Therefore, I developed IEJoin as an algorithm for fast inequality joins. It is based on sorted arrays and space efficient bit-arrays to reduce the problem’s search space. By comparing IEJoin against well- known optimizations, I show that it is more scalable, and several orders of magnitude faster. BigDansing depends on vertex-centric graph systems, i.e., Pregel

  12. Marine historical ecology at the Brijuni Islands, Croatia: preliminary results from down-core changes of foraminiferal assemblages

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vidovic, Jelena; Cosovic, Vlasta; Gallmetzer, Ivo; Haselmair, Alexandra; Zuschin, Martin

    2015-04-01

    The Late Holocene in the northern Adriatic is characterized by the eustatic peak of the sea-level rise, followed by the equilibrium between the regional tectonic subsidence and hydro-isostatic emergence and relatively stable sea level for a few thousand years. During this period the area experienced changes in sedimentation rate, food/oxygen availability in the benthic ecosystem and eutrophication with seasonal hypoxic and anoxic events. In order to reconstruct the marine paleoecology in the Brijuni Islands area during this period, a multidisciplinary study was carried out, including geochemical (TOC, trace metals, carbonate content), micropaleontological analyses (benthic foraminifera) and dating of sediments and mollusc shells. The principal aim of this study is to observe the effects of ecological shifts on foraminiferal assemblages during the Late Holocene. One core of 1.5 m length was taken at a sampling station south of Veli Brijuni Island, located within a marine protected area with no fishing/dredging pressure (Croatian national park). The core was sliced into smaller subsamples, and four sediment fractions of each subsample (63, 125, 250 and 500 µm) were analyzed for standard properties of the foraminiferal community (species richness, faunal composition, biodiversity indices), in comparison with relevant physical and geochemical properties of the sediment. The results concerning changes in foraminiferal species composition and abundance point to differences within the core: surface sediments are dominated by suspension feeders (Planorbulina mediterranensis, Lobatula lobatula, Cibicides variabilis, Cibicides refulgens), whereas deposit feeders (genera Textularia, Siphonaperta, Adelosina, Trioculina) appear in higher abundances at approximately 30 cm of the sediment depth and dominate down-core. Species richness in the first 30 cm is lower (10 to 34 species per sample) in comparison to the middle part of the core (39 to 53 species), and decreases again at

  13. Alloying of titanium by oxygen during chamber electroslag remelting/Legiranje titanijuma kiseonikom u peći za elektropretapanje pod troskom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anatoliy D. Ryabtsev

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the results of alloying titanium by oxygen in the process of chamber electroslag remelting. As an oxygen-containing ligature, we used the electrodes-satellite from the reaction mass residues mixture from the retort lid for magnesium thermal reduction of a titanium sponge, a specially prepared gaseous argon oxygen mixture containing 30% oxygen applied directly to the melting space, microsize (10-15 mm powder particles of titanium oxide and titanium oxide nanopowder with a particle size of 21 ± 5 nm. The structure and the properties of titanium alloyed by oxygen from the oxygen-containing ligature, gas phase and titanium oxide powder during chamber electroslag remelting of the titanium sponge are investigated. It was found that at the oxygen content of 0.053%mas. to 0.22%mas. in the metal formed a homogeneous single-phase structure typical for commercial titanium formed by polyhedral grains of the α-phase. The increase of the oxygen concentration in titanium for more than 0.22%mas. leads to the formation of the microstructure with a typical needle structure, which allows it to be classified as the α ׳-phase. / U radu su prikazani rezultati legiranja titanijuma kiseonikom u procesu elektropretapanja pod troskom u peći. Za vezivo, koje sadrzi kiseonik, korišćene su satelit elektrode iz reakcije masenih ostataka mešavine iz poklopca retorte za termalnu redukciju magnezijumtitanijumskog sunđera, specijalno pripremljena mešavina gasa argona i kiseonika sa 30% kiseonika primenjena direktno na mesto topljenja, čestice praha titanijum-oksida mikroveličine 10-15mm i nanoprah titanijum-oksida veličine čestica od 21± 5 nm. Ispitane su struktura i karakteristike titanijuma legiranog kiseonikom iz veziva , gasne faze i praha titanijum-oksida tokom elektropretapanja titanijumovog sunđera pod troskom u peći. Utvrđeno je da se pri sadržaju kiseonika od 0.053%mas.do 0.22%mas. u metalu formira homogena jednofazna struktura tipi

  14. TOKAT ŞEYH PİR HAVEND ZAVİYESİ VAKFI (1453-1839 VE ÇÖREĞİBÜYÜK KÖYÜ TÜRBESİ [THE WAQF OF SHEIKH PIR HAVEND’S DERVISH LODGE IN TOKAT (1453-1839 AND THE TOMB OF COREGIBUYUK VILLAGE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali AÇIKEL

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Sheikh Pir Havend had established a dervish lodge in the village of Şeyh attached to the sub-district of Komanat in the district of Tokat probably in the second half of the twelfth century or at the beginnings of the thirteenth century. He made over the malikâne income of three villages and one arable land [mezra] in the sub-districts of Komanat and Kafirni in the district of Tokat to this dervish lodge. Some documents exist in our national archives and the Religious Court Registers of Tokat on the waqf of the dervish lodge. However, there is not enough information on the identity of Sheikh Pir Havend in the written sources. In his book Seyahatname [The Book of Travel], Evliya Çelebi identified the dervish lodge of Sheikh Pir Havend among the dervish lodges of the Bektashi order in Tokat. In the light of this information, we can consider that Sheikh Pir Havend was one of the followers of Hacı Bektash Veli and his descendants were also followers of the Bektashi order. Arts historians have made some evaluations on the Tomb of Sheikh Pir Havend which exists in the village of Çöreğibüyük in Tokat. In an article related to Bektashi dervish lodges and shrines in the Seyahatname of Evliya Çelebi, a short information on the dervish lodge of Sheikh Pir Havend was provided. Investigating this dervish lodge and the nearby tomb in every aspect will be useful for our cultural history. In addition, the article will contribute to the religious, social and cultural history of Tokat. This article provides an in-depth investigation of the dervish lodge of Sheikh Pir Havend which was an important dervish lodge of Bektashi order in the past and the tomb of Çöreğibüyük with the help of new documents. It was found that the dervish lodge of Sheikh Pir Havend does not have waqf revenues at the present and that the Bektashi religious culture still exists in the village of Çöreğibüyük or Şeyh where the dervish lodge of Sheikh Pir Havend was

  15. Hakem Kurulu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Celaleddin ÇELİK, (Doç. Dr., Erciyes Üniversitesi A. Kadir ÇÜÇEN, (Prof. Dr., Uludağ Üniversitesi Bahattin DARTMA, (Prof. Dr., Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Nejat DOĞAN, (Doç. Dr., Erciyes Üniversitesi M. Zeki DUMAN, (Prof. Dr., Erciyes Üniversitesi İsmail DURMUŞ, (Prof. Dr., Marmara Üniversitesi Zülfikar DURMUŞ, (Doç. Dr., İnönü Üniversitesi Bedri GENCER, (Doç. Dr., Kocaeli Üniversitesi Ahmet GÖKBEL, (Prof. Dr., Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi İbrahim GÖRENER, (Doç. Dr., Erciyes Üniversitesi Beşir GÖZÜBENLİ, (Prof. Dr., Atatürk Üniversitesi H. Mehmet GÜNAY, (Doç. Dr., Sakarya Üniversitesi Harun GÜNGÖR, (Prof. Dr., Erciyes Üniversitesi Menderes GÜRKAN, (Yrd. Doç. Dr., Erciyes Üniversitesi Kenan GÜRSOY, (Prof. Dr., Galatasaray Üniversitesi Nasrullah HACIMÜFTÜOĞLU, (Prof. Dr., Atatürk Üniversitesi Kenan HAS, (Doç. Dr., Gazi Üniversitesi Şükrü Selim HAS, (Doç. Dr., Erciyes Üniversitesi Metin HÜLAGÜ, (Prof. Dr., Erciyes Üniversitesi Ahmet İNAM, (Prof. Dr., Ortadoğu Teknik Üniversitesi Veli KAYHAN, (Dr., Erciyes Üniversitesi Hasan KESKİN, (Doç. Dr., Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Recep KILIÇ, (Prof. Dr., Ankara Üniversitesi Sadık KILIÇ, (Prof. Dr., Atatürk Üniversitesi Celal KIRCA, (Prof. Dr., Erciyes Üniversitesi Turan KOÇ, (Prof. Dr., Erciyes Üniversitesi Saffet KÖSE, (Prof. Dr., Selçuk Üniversitesi Sönmez KUTLU, (Prof. Dr., Ankara Üniversitesi

  16. Hakem Kurulu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Ahmet CİHAN, (Doç. Dr., Dicle Üniversitesi Ahmet COŞKUN, (Prof. Dr., Erciyes Üniversitesi Ali ÇAVUŞOĞLU, (Yrd. Doç. Dr., Erciyes Üniversitesi Celaleddin ÇELİK, (Doç. Dr., Erciyes Üniversitesi A. Kadir ÇÜÇEN, (Prof. Dr., Uludağ Üniversitesi Bahattin DARTMA, (Prof. Dr., Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Nejat DOĞAN, (Doç. Dr., Erciyes Üniversitesi M. Zeki DUMAN, (Prof. Dr., Erciyes Üniversitesi İsmail DURMUŞ, (Prof. Dr., Marmara Üniversitesi Zülfikar DURMUŞ, (Doç. Dr., İnönü Üniversitesi Bedri GENCER, (Doç. Dr., Kocaeli Üniversitesi Ahmet GÖKBEL, (Prof. Dr., Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi İbrahim GÖRENER, (Doç. Dr., Erciyes Üniversitesi Beşir GÖZÜBENLİ, (Prof. Dr., Atatürk Üniversitesi H. Mehmet GÜNAY, (Doç. Dr., Sakarya Üniversitesi Harun GÜNGÖR, (Prof. Dr., Erciyes Üniversitesi Menderes GÜRKAN, (Yrd. Doç. Dr., Erciyes Üniversitesi Kenan GÜRSOY, (Prof. Dr., Galatasaray Üniversitesi Nasrullah HACIMÜFTÜOĞLU, (Prof. Dr., Atatürk Üniversitesi Kenan HAS, (Doç. Dr., Gazi Üniversitesi Şükrü Selim HAS, (Doç. Dr., Erciyes Üniversitesi Metin HÜLAGÜ, (Prof. Dr., Erciyes Üniversitesi Ahmet İNAM, (Prof. Dr., Ortadoğu Teknik Üniversitesi Veli KAYHAN, (Dr., Erciyes Üniversitesi Hasan KESKİN, (Doç. Dr., Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Recep KILIÇ, (Prof. Dr., Ankara Üniversitesi Sadık KILIÇ, (Prof. Dr., Atatürk Üniversitesi Celal KIRCA, (Prof. Dr., Erciyes Üniversitesi

  17. Inpatient care of patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus by duration of diabetes and sex: A nationwide population-based longitudinal study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Markku J Akkanen

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Markku J Akkanen1,4, Sirkka-Liisa Kivelä2, Veli Koistinen3, Harri Sintonen4, Jaakko Tuomilehto41Welfare and Health Promotion Division, Department of Chronic Disease Prevention, Diabetes Prevention Unit, National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL, Helsinki, Finland; 2Turku University of Central Hospital, Turku, Finland; 3Department of Health Policy and Management, University of Kuopio, Kuopio, Finland; 4Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, FinlandAims: To describe hospitalizations of a cohort of patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM during 1973–1998 in the main complication groups by sex and T1DM lasting on average 9.5 or 16.5 years.Material and methods: The population (N = 5166 consisted of all Finnish patients with T1DM diagnosed before the age of 18 years between 1965–1979, derived from the Finnish population-based register of T1DM patients. Data on hospitalizations were obtained from the Finnish Hospital Discharge Register.Results: In the early stages of T1DM, the majority of the use of hospitalizations was due to the treatment of T1DM without complications. Enormous increases were found for complications when diabetes lasted longer (from 9.5 to 16.5 years. For women, the yearly number of bed-days for renal complications increased 4.8-fold, for peripheral vascular disease 4.3-fold, and for ophthalmic complications 2.5-fold. For men, the corresponding increases were as follows: 5-fold, 6.9-fold, and 2.5-fold. The yearly number of bed-days for nephropathy increased 7-fold. Bed-days for T1DM without complications dropped dramatically. The length of stay in hospitalizations decreased notably, but hospital visits increased when the duration of T1DM increased.Conclusions: Hospitalizations due to complications substantially increase with aging of T1DM patients. Prevention of T1DM is strongly needed. Keywords: T1DM, inpatient care, hospitalizations, complications

  18. Treating inertia in passive microbead rheology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Indei, Tsutomu; Schieber, Jay D; Córdoba, Andrés; Pilyugina, Ekaterina

    2012-02-01

    The dynamic modulus G(*) of a viscoelastic medium is often measured by following the trajectory of a small bead subject to Brownian motion in a method called "passive microbead rheology." This equivalence between the positional autocorrelation function of the tracer bead and G(*) is assumed via the generalized Stokes-Einstein relation (GSER). However, inertia of both bead and medium are neglected in the GSER so that the analysis based on the GSER is not valid at high frequency where inertia is important. In this paper we show how to treat both contributions to inertia properly in one-bead passive microrheological analysis. A Maxwell fluid is studied as the simplest example of a viscoelastic fluid to resolve some apparent paradoxes of eliminating inertia. In the original GSER, the mean-square displacement (MSD) of the tracer bead does not satisfy the correct initial condition. If bead inertia is considered, the proper initial condition is realized, thereby indicating an importance of including inertia, but the MSD oscillates at a time regime smaller than the relaxation time of the fluid. This behavior is rather different from the original result of the GSER and what is observed. What is more, the discrepancy from the GSER result becomes worse with decreasing bead mass, and there is an anomalous gap between the MSD derived by naïvely taking the zero-mass limit in the equation of motion and the MSD for finite bead mass as indicated by McKinley et al. [J. Rheol. 53, 1487 (2009)]. In this paper we show what is necessary to take the zero-mass limit of the bead safely and correctly without causing either the inertial oscillation or the anomalous gap, while obtaining the proper initial condition. The presence of a very small purely viscous element can be used to eliminate bead inertia safely once included in the GSER. We also show that if the medium contains relaxation times outside the window where the single-mode Maxwell behavior is observed, the oscillation can be

  19. PROFILE OF POISONING CASES IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL , TELANGANA , INDIA

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    Naresh

    2015-05-01

    cases of poisoning . The nature of poison was undetermined in 8 . 9% of the cases . Apart from organophosphorus poisoning , significant proportion of poisoning comprised of several other substances like hair colours , home remedies for medical ailments and chemicals used in the household . Though , they were small in numbers independently , cumulati vely they contributed to a significant proportion of poisoning cases . All of the poisoning cases had complete recovery . CONCLUSION : Organophosphorus poisoning was the most common type of poisoning . Several chemicals like hair colours , phenyle , urea and dru gs like norethisterone and thyroxine were used with suicidal intention . There were no casualties . Timely management of poisoning according to evidence based guidelines potentially minimises morbidity and mortality due to poisons and helps improve patient o utcomes

  20. Investigating the Morphologic Indices of the Hamulus Pterygoid Process Using the CBCT Technique

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    Elham Romoozi

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available Location and length of hamulus process plays a very important role in the efficiency of muscles such as tensor veli palatine, palato pharyngeal, upper part of upper throat muscle and so on. Given the importance of information on the morphology of the hamular process and capabilities and usefulness of CBCT in the diagnosis of its structure, this study takes place with the goal of investigating the morphologic indices (indicators of hamulus pterygoid process using CBCT. This study investigates the CBCT images of 201 patients with the average age of 37 years, 102 males and 99 females. The length and width of the hamulus process on the left and right was measured. Also, the slope of this process in the sagittal and coronal planes were studied. Then variables in question were measured by a CBCT viewer. Average length of hamulus pterygoid process on the right was found to be 6.4 mm and on the left it was 6.5 mm. Average width of hamulus pterygoid process on the right was found to be 1.34 mm and on the left it was 1.35 mm. The average slope of the hamulus pterygoid process in the sagittal plane on the right was found to be 55.9 ° and on the left it was 56.7° The average slope of the hamulus pterygoid process in the coronal plane on the right was found to be 65.7 ° and on the left it was 66.5°. Average length and width of the hamulus process on the two sides did not make a statistically significant difference. But the average slope in the sagittal and coronal plane on the left was significantly higher than the one on the right. Average length of hamulus pterygoid process on the two sides was significantly higher in men than women. Average width of hamulus pterygoid process and the slope in the sagittal and coronal planes did not make any difference on both sides in both genders. Average length, width and slope of hamulus pterygoid process in the sagittal plan reduces on both sides with increase in age. But the slope of the hamulus pterygoid process

  1. On avoided words, absent words, and their application to biological sequence analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Almirantis, Yannis; Charalampopoulos, Panagiotis; Gao, Jia; Iliopoulos, Costas S; Mohamed, Manal; Pissis, Solon P; Polychronopoulos, Dimitris

    2017-01-01

    The deviation of the observed frequency of a word w from its expected frequency in a given sequence x is used to determine whether or not the word is avoided . This concept is particularly useful in DNA linguistic analysis. The value of the deviation of w , denoted by [Formula: see text], effectively characterises the extent of a word by its edge contrast in the context in which it occurs. A word w of length [Formula: see text] is a [Formula: see text]-avoided word in x if [Formula: see text], for a given threshold [Formula: see text]. Notice that such a word may be completely absent from x . Hence, computing all such words naïvely can be a very time-consuming procedure, in particular for large k . In this article, we propose an [Formula: see text]-time and [Formula: see text]-space algorithm to compute all [Formula: see text]-avoided words of length k in a given sequence of length n over a fixed-sized alphabet. We also present a time-optimal [Formula: see text]-time algorithm to compute all [Formula: see text]-avoided words (of any length) in a sequence of length n over an integer alphabet of size [Formula: see text]. In addition, we provide a tight asymptotic upper bound for the number of [Formula: see text]-avoided words over an integer alphabet and the expected length of the longest one. We make available an implementation of our algorithm. Experimental results, using both real and synthetic data, show the efficiency and applicability of our implementation in biological sequence analysis. The systematic search for avoided words is particularly useful for biological sequence analysis. We present a linear-time and linear-space algorithm for the computation of avoided words of length k in a given sequence x . We suggest a modification to this algorithm so that it computes all avoided words of x , irrespective of their length, within the same time complexity. We also present combinatorial results with regards to avoided words and absent words.

  2. EVALUATION OF THE READINESS LEVEL OF STUDENTS IN GEOGRAPHY LESSON IN REGARD TO TEACHERS’ VIEWS ÖĞRENCİLERİN COĞRAFYA DERSİNDE HAZIR BULUNUŞLULUK DÜZEYLERİNİN ÖĞRETMEN GÖRÜŞLERİNE GÖRE DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Fatih KAYA

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available In this study, it was aimed to reveal views of geography teachers aboutstudents’ readiness level’s influence on geography education process.A semi-structured interview technique as one of qualitative researchmethods was utilized in this study. Sample of the study consisted of 17geography teachers that work in schools of Gaziantep city centre. Frominterviews extracted data was analysed by descriptive and content analysis.As a result of the research it has been determined that, as studentreadiness level at Anatolian Highschools are at sufficient level, its counterpart onnormal and vocational high schools is lower then expected. The main reasons ofthe lowness of the student readiness level was determined as student, parent,environment, class, class size, tools and administration based reasons. From thepoint of the research there has been made some suggestions. Bu çalışmada; coğrafya öğretmenlerinin, öğrencilerin hazırbulunuşluluk düzeylerinin coğrafya eğitim-öğretim sürecinde ne tür bir etkiyesahip olduğu konusundaki görüşlerinin ortaya konulması amaçlanmıştır.Bu çalışmada, nitel araştırma yöntemlerinden olan yarı-yapılandırılmışgörüşme tekniği kullanılmıştır. Araştırmanın çalışma grubunu Gaziantep ilmerkezinde görev yapmakta olan 17 coğrafya öğretmeni oluşturmaktadır.Görüşme yoluyla elde edilen veriler betimsel ve içerik analiz yöntemlerikullanılarak analiz edilmiştir.Araştırma sonucunda öğrencilerinin hazır bulunuşluluklarının Anadoluliselerinde yeterli düzeyde olduğu, düz ve meslek lise türlerinde ise istenendüzeyden düşük olduğu saptanmıştır. Hazır bulunuşluluk düzeyinin yetersizliğinnedenleri; öğrenci, veli, çevre, sınıf, sınıf mevcudu, araç-gereç ve yöneticikaynaklı olduğu tespit edilmiştir. Araştırma sonuçlarından hareketle bazıönerilerde bulunulmuştur.

  3. The 'Byzantinisms' of king Stefan Radoslav

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    Maksimović Ljubomir

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The life-style and politics of Stefan Radoslav bear the mark of activities that indicated his special attachment to the Byzantine world. These activities were prompted by a combination of ideological ambitions and political reality, but they were not in keeping with the modest achievements of Radoslav's reign. Moreover, most of these activities belong to the time when Radoslav was heir to the throne. There is no doubt that Stefan Nemanjić the Grand Zhupan and subsequently the first crowned king, had exclusive connections with the Byzantine dynasty of the Angeloi, especially with the emperor Alexios III (1195-1203. In that context, the donor's inscription in the basic ring of the dome in the Church of the Mother of God in Studenica (1208, in which his father Stefan Nemanja, is mentioned as (former 'veleslavni gospodin vse srbske zemlje veli(ki župan i svat cara grčkog kir Alesija', is quite indicative. This ideological construction would acquire a contour in reality by means of a political marriage with one of the female offspring of Angeloi lineage, which would represent an alternative solution to Stefan's failed marriage with Eudocia, daughter of the emperor Alexios. Instead, several years elapsed in waging war with the Latins, the Bulgarians and the State of Epiros. However, efforts to create firmer, more tangible ties with the Angeloi dynasty from Epiros were not forgotten. Therefore, the Serbian monarch brought his eldest son Radoslav into play, intending to have him act as a link with the Angeloi bloodline. As a result of all this, the final attempt to have Radoslav become the husband of a princess from the Angelos dynasty is not surprising. At the end of 1219 or the beginning of 1220, he married Anna Doukaina, the daughter of the epirotic ruler Theodore I Angelos Doukas Komnenos, which at that point represented a marriage connection of the highest possible level between two ruling houses. Stefan's insistence on Serbia acquiring a stake

  4. Determination of the Effect of C.B.T on Stress, Anxiety and Depression among Nurses at Yasuj Shahid Beheshti Hospital in 2014

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    Amin Hossaini Motlagh

    2016-07-01

    ± 20.733 respectively. The mean and standard deviations of stress in case group on the pre-test were7.96 ± 18. 73 and on the posttest were 6.295 ± 12.266 respecti vely, the mean and standard deviations of stress in the control group for pre-test were 8.413 ± 21.066 and for postte st were 9.019 ± 20.733 respectively. There were not any significant differences between two groups before the intervention, but there were significant differences between case groups after the intervention. (P = 0.03. According to the findings of the study, cognitive behavioral techniques' training significantly reduces stress in nurses. Therefore, it is recommended to reduce nurses 'stress and increase the level of nursing services and promoting patients' satisfaction by establishing a psychology consulting unit in hospitals.

  5. Pontryagin's maximum principle and optimization of the flight phase in ski jumping [Pontrjaginův princip maxima a optimalizace stylu letu ve skoku na lyžích

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radim Uhlář

    2009-09-01

    CHODISKA: Existuje několik faktorů (počáteční poloha skokana na lyžích a její změny v průběhu přechodové fáze letu, velikost a směr vektoru rychlosti pohybu těžiště skokana, velikost aerodynamické odporové a vztlakové síly apod., které určují trajektorii soustavy skokan + lyže a tím i dosaženou délku skoku. CÍLE: Cílem studie je představit metodu řešení úlohy optimálního řízení letové fáze skoku na lyžích se třemi omezenými řídicími proměnnými – úhel náběhu (a, úhel trup vs. lyže (b, úhel levá lyže vs. pravá lyže (V – na základě Pontrjaginova principu maxima. METODIKA: Kritériem optimality byla zvolena délka skoku. Jako zdroj informací o závislosti veličin L (lift area a D (drag area na řídicích proměnných byla použita převzatá regresní funkce s tabelovanými regresními koeficienty. Srovnány byly trajektorie referenčního a optimalizovaného skoku s profilem můstku K = 125 m ve Frenštátě pod Radhoštěm a stanoveny odpovídající délky skoku, aerodynamické odporové a vztlakové síly, velikosti rychlosti pohybu těžiště soustavy skokan + lyže, její vertikální a horizontální složky. Aby byly respektovány reálné polohy v letové fázi skoku, přípustné hodnoty řídicích proměnných náležely v každém okamžiku ohraničené množině. VÝSLEDKY: Bylo zjištěno, že skokan by měl na ohraničené množině přípustných hodnot řídicích proměnných minimalizovat úhly (a a (b, úhel (V naopak maximalizovat. Prodloužení skoku vlivem optimalizace je 17 %. ZÁVĚRY: Pro možnost dalšího výzkumu je nezbytné využití regresní analýzy pro experimentální data při určení závislosti aerodynamických sil působících během letu na soustavu skokan + lyže. To platí také pro aplikaci kontrolních proměnných vztahujících se k základním fyzickým a psychickým vlastnostem skokanů na lyžích.

  6. What has happened in about the last 20 years in the Canyoles watershed?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ángel González Peñaloza, Félix; Cerdà, Artemi; Díaz del Olmo, Fernando

    2013-04-01

    Union FP7. ENV.2009 243857. Keywords: GIS, land use, degradation, Cànyoles valley, agricultural practices. References Bodí, M.B., Cerdà, A., Mataix-Solera, J., Doerr, S.H. 2012. Efectos de los incendios forestales en la vegetación y el suelo en la cuenca mediterránea: revisión bibliográfica. Boletín de la Asociación de Geógrafos Españoles 58, 33-35 Cerdà, A, Giménez - Morera, A. Terol, E., Domínguez, A. Jurgensen, M.F., Doerr, S.H. 1999. Cultivos de cítricos y erosión de suelos en el este de la Península Ibérica. En Control de la Degradación de los suelos y cambio global (Eds: Sánchez Díaz, J., Asins Velis, S.). IV Simposio sobre control de la degradación de los suelos y cambio global. Universitat de València. Valencia. 71 - 72. Cerdà, A. 1994. Arroyada superficial en terrazas de cultivo abandonadas. El caso del País Valenciano. Cuadernos de Geografía 56, 135-154 Cerdá, A. 2007. Soil water erosion on road embankments in Eastern Spain. Science of the Total Environments 378, 151-155. González-Peñaloza, F.A., Cerdà, Zavala, L.M., Jordán, A. 2012. Do conservative agriculture practices increase soil water repellency? A case study in citrus-cropped soils. Soil & Tillage Research 124, 233 - 239. Keenleyside, C., Tucker, G.M. 2010. Farmland Abandonment in the EU: An assessment of Trend and Prospects. Report Prepared for WWF. Institute for European Environmental Policy, London. 93 pp. MacDonald, D., Crabtree, J.R., Wiesinger, G., Dax, T., Stamou, N., Fleury, P., Gutiérrez-Lazpita, J., Gibon, A. 2000. Agricultural abandonment in mountain areas of Europe: Environmental consequenses and policy reponse. Journal of Environmental Management 59, 47-69. Piqueras, J. 2012. Geografía del Territorio Valenciano. Departament de Geografia, Universitat de València (Valencia, España). 256 pp. Renwick, A., Jansson, T., Verburg, P.H., Revoredo-Giha, C., Britz, W., Gocht, A., McCracken, D. 2013. Policy reforms and agricultural land abandonment in the EU. Land Use

  7. HAK ÂŞIĞI AMASYALI FEDÂÎ BABA VE TASAVVUF KÜLTÜRÜ [GOD-LOVER FEDÂÎ BABA FROM AMASYA AND SUFI CULTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cafer Özdemir

    2017-09-01

    onlara doğru yolu göstermeye çalışmıştır. Seksen beş yıllık ömründe kendinden önceki geleneği başarılı bir şekilde devam ettirmiş ve Anadolu toplumu içerisinde kardeşlik bağı oluşturmaya çalışmıştır. Fedâî Baba was born in 1855 in Yassıçal, one of the central villages of Amasya, and he passed away in 1940. It is rumored that this Aşık who had a different personality stayed in tombs in his childhood. He studied madrasa in Amasya for a while. According to a widespread rumour, he left madrasa before he completed his education. In Erbaa, a town in Tokat province, he received the Sufi knowledge from Deruni Baba descended from entombed Sheikh Mahmut Veli. There are two hundred and fifty two known poems belonging to this Aşık whose miracles have been told. Fedâî Baba, known for his ingenuity in his dreams in accordance with the tradition of loveliest poetry, can not play the saz, but has the ability to sing poetic poem. He is a kind traveler as he frequently visits Amasya as a folk Aşık. He sang poems in accordance with both Ottoman and folk poetry styles. The poems which he composedin ottoman poetry style are more complex than his poems in folk poetry in terms of language. Fedâî Baba who seems to have the ability towards poetry has a lyrical style. It is seen that his poems reflect this tradition as he is a member of the Alevi Bektashi tradition, which expresses the essence of the Sufi tradition such as “İlmi ledün, mürşit, zikir, dört kapı, ilahi aşk, tevhit”. He masterfully blended the basic features of Sufism and Bektashi cultures in his poems. Amasya has an important place in Alevi Bektashi culture. Fedâî Baba has not been investigated much even though he had a strong influence in this area. In this work, his biography has been focused and in line with his poems his prominence and mysticism in Alevi Bektashi culture has been put forward. This Aşık, who should be considered as a value of Amasya, tried to educate

  8. Ratio changes of selected components of body composition after lymphatic massage [Změny poměrů vybraných složek tělesného složení po lymfatické masáži

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jarmila Riegerová

    2009-12-01

    šetření jsme realizovali ráno před zahájením výuky a před koncem výukového dne, mezi prvním a druhým vyšetřením uplynula časová pauza 8 hodin. Vyšetřili jsme 30 žen, nízká četnost a profesní selekce probandek podtrhují sondážní charakter výzkumu. V předložené pilotní studii jsme sledovali vliv lymfatické masáže na vybrané složky složení těla a stabilitu vyšetření. Získaná data jsme zpracovali souhrnně a vzhledem k věkovému rozpětí i po decéniích programem Statistica 8, diference jsme testovali párovým t-testem. Věcná významnost byla posuzována pomocí koeficientu (Cramer’s phi. Potvrzujeme pozitivní intervenci lymfatické masáže na intersticium a buněčné prostředí těla. U souboru se projevila signifikance (p < 0,05 rozdílů v malém nárůstu hmotnosti, BMI a tukového podílu, což bylo zřejmě podmíněno zvýšeným přísunem tekutin a krátkou dobou pro její utilizaci. S tím souvisí i signifikantní snížení průměrných hodnot TBW (p = 0,042; phi = 0,0, úbytek ICW i ECW a snížení hodnot směrodatných odchylek u všech složek tělesné vody. Stejný trend přírůstků a úbytků sledovaných veličin se projevil i při rozdělení na subsoubory podle věku. Hodnoty viscerálního tuku narůstaly s věkem, průměrné hodnoty váhového množství celkových minerálů a kostních minerálů neprojevily ve věkové řadě výraznější sestupný trend. Hodnoty indexů Edema 1 byly ve svém průměru nižší (optimalizované než dolní hranice standardního rozpětí. Po lymfatické masáži horních končetin se pro jevilo signifikantní snížení indexu Edema 2 (p = 0,021; phi = 0,1 pro masírovanou oblast. Projevilo se také snížení a vyrovnání hodnot směrodatných odchylek. Test věcné významnosti potvrdil účinek malé a střední úrovně u indexu Edema 1 a Edema 2 pro pravou horní končetinu, pro levou horní končetinu pouze efekt malého účinku. Naše v

  9. Tablet PC Destekli Fen Ve Teknoloji Dersine Yönelik Öğrenci Velilerinin Tutumları The Attitudes Of Students’ Parents Towards Tablet PC Supported Science And Technology Course

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melek BALCI

    2013-09-01

    17 paket programı ile analiz edilmiştir. Verilerin anlamlılığını belirlemek için frekans dağılımı, ikili karşılaştırmalar için t-testi, Wilcoxon İşaretli Sıralar testi, ikiden fazla karşılaştırmalar için tek yönlü varyans analizi ve demografik özellikler ile sorular arasındaki ilişkilerin belirlenmesi için ise Pearson momentler korelasyon çarpımı analizi yapılmıştır. Çalışma sonucunda, fen ve teknoloji dersini tablet bilgisayar desteği ile gören deney grubu öğrenci velilerinin, derslerde tablet pc kullanımının okullarda öğreticilik, uygulanabilirlik ve öğrenci seviyesinde anlaşılabilirlik performansı bakımından faydalı gördükleri tespit edilmiştir. Ayrıca tablet pc destekli eğitim gören öğrenci veli tutumlarının, deney grubu lehine pozitif veanlamlı seviyede bir artış olduğu tespit edilmiştir.

  10. Unknown Angels by Giuseppe Groppelli in Zadar and the Former Altar of St Anastasia in the Cathedral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damir Tulić

    2016-01-01

    . Giuseppe and his younger brother, Paolo Groppelli, led the family workshop from 1708, producing and signing sculptures together. Therefore, the newly discovered statues produced by Giuseppe are a significant contribution to his personal 174 Damir Tulić: Nepoznati anđeli Giuseppea Groppellija u Zadru... Ars Adriatica 6/2016. (155-174 oeuvre. It is difficult to distinguish between his statues and those by his brother, but it is generally believed that Paolo was a better artist. It is therefore important to compare the two sculptures, as they are believed to have been made independently. Paolo’s statue of Our Lady of the Rosary (1708 was originally located in the former Benedictine church of Santa Croce at Giudecca in Venice, and acquired early in the 19th century for the parish church of Veli Lošinj. If one compares the phisiognomy of the Christ Child by Paolo to that of Giuseppe’s signed sculpture of angel-putto in Zadar, one can observe considerable similarities (Figs. 5 and 6. However, Paolo’s sculptures are somewhat subtler and softer than Giuseppe’s. The workshop of Giuseppe and Paolo Gropelli has also been credited with two large marble angels on the main altar of the parish church in Concadirame near Treviso, as they show great similarity in style to the angels in Ljubljana’s cathedral, made around 1710 (Figs. 7, 8, 9, and 10. The oeuvre of Giuseppe and Paolo Gropelli can also be extended to two kneeling marble angels at the altar of the Holy Sacrament in the Venetian church of Santa Maria Formosa, with their marble surface somewhat damaged (Figs. 11 and 12. Coming back to the former main altar in Zadar’s church of St Donatus, it should be emphasized that it was erected following the last will of Archbishop Vettore Priuli (1688-1712, that contains a clearly expressed desire that the altar should be decorated as lavishly as possible. As the construction contract has been lost and the appearance of the altar remains unknown, it can only be supposed what

  11. United Kingdom Food Irradiation Programme - Wholesomeness Aspects; Programme du Royaume-Uni Relatif a l'Irradiation des Aliments: Comestibilite; Programma oblucheniya pishchevykh produktov v soedinennom korolevstve - problemy sokhraneniya vkusovykh i pitatel'nykh kachestv; Programa del Reino Unido Relativo a la Irradiacion de Alimentos: El Problema de la Comestibitidad

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hickman, J. R. [Wantage Research Laboratory (A.E.R.E.), Wantage, Berks. (United Kingdom)

    1966-11-15

    irradiacion es diferente. Las perdidas de vitaminas B producidas por irradiacion y cochura son acumulativas. No se ha observado efecto alguno en el valor nutritivo de las proteinas. En 1962, el Ministerio de Sanidad Publica del Reino Unido constituyo un Grupo de trabajo encargado de estudiar los efectos de las radiaciones en los alimentos y de presentar un informe sobre la necesidad de controles oficiales. En la memoria se examina el informe del Grupo de trabajo, publicado en 1964, en relacion con las pruebas de comestibilidad efectuadas en el Reino Unido. (author) [Russian] Daetsja opisanie ispytanij, provedennyh v Soedinennom Korolevstve, na sohranenie pishhevymi produktami vkusovyh i pitatel'nyh kachestv. Ispytanija velis' po programme obluchenija produktov pitanija. Kratkosrochnye issledovanija kormlenija krys, kur i svinej i dlitel'nye issledovanija kormlenija krys i myshej obluchennym kormom ne pokazali kakogo-libo vrednogo vlijanija jetogo korma na organizm. Opyty s kormleniem zhivotnyh byli prednaznacheny dlja vyjavlenija specificheskih processov obluchenija, i vse jeti processy ohvatyvajut ispol'zovanie nizkih ili umerennyh doz radiacii. Tak, zerno, obrabotannoe gamma-luchami dozoj v 20 000 i 200 000 rad, i zamorozhennye jajca (obluchennye dlja togo, chtoby ubit' salmonellae), obluchennye dozami 0,5 i 1,0 megarad, skarmlivali zhivotnym. Ispytyvalas' vetchina, obluchennaja dozoj 250 000 rad dlja prodl nija srokov ee hranenija, a takzhe vetchina, obluchennaja dozoj 2 megarada. V nastojashhee vremja provodjatsja dlitel'nye issledovanija po izucheniju voprosa sohranenija vkusovyh i pitatel'nyh kachestv ryby, obrabotannoj dozoj 0,6 megarada (maksimal'naja doza, kotoraja, verojatno, budet ispol'zovat'sja dlja obespechenija dlitel'nogo hranenija v zamorozhennom so- stojajii (0 Degree-Sign - 4 Degree-Sign C)). Kratkosrochnye opyty provedeny takzhe s kartofelem (10 00O rad) i koninoj (0,65 megarada). Pitatel'nye kachestva obluchennogo zerna, jaic, ryby i nekotoryh kormov dlja

  12. Retention of Radionuclides by Infants: I. Study Techniques and Error Evaluation; Retention des Radionucleides chez les Enfants en bas Age: I. Methodes de Recherche et Evaluation des Erreurs; 0417 0410 0414 ; Retencion de Radionuclidos en los Ninos de Pecho: I. Tecnicas de Estudio y Calculo del Error

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Straub, C. P.; Kahn, B.; Wellman, H. N.; Telles, N. C.; Seltzer, R. A. [Radiological Health Research Activities, Robert A. Taft Sanitary Engineering Center, US Public Health Service, Department Of Health, Education and Welfare, Cincinnati, OH (United States)

    1964-11-15

    analizadas. Se ha preparado y utilizado un panal de papel especial con baja concentracion de estroncio estable. Se han calculado los valores de retencion para el calcio y el fosforo en el caso de 30 ninos. Las observaciones efectuadas demuestran que la retencion relativa de estroncio-90, referida al calcio, es mas elevada en los ninos que en los adultos. (author) [Russian] Nachinaja s 1960 goda provoditsja izmerenie stepeni zaderzhki radioizotopov i ustojchivyh himicheskih soedinenij u detej v vozraste ot 1 goda do 11 let. Za det'mi s so glasija roditelej velis' nabljudenija v sootvetstvujushhej domashnej srede, deti otbiralis' posle konsul'tacii s detskim vrachom, lechivshim rebenka, i vrachom laboratorii. Deti pitalis' gotovymi produktami ad lib opredelennogo kachestva i assortimenta. Pishhevye produkty, vdyhaemyj vozduh i voda, ispol'zuemye neposredstvenno i v processe podgotovki formuly, javljalis' istochnikom normal'nogo postuplenija v organizm izuchaemyh radioizotopov i ustojchivyh himicheskih soedinenij. Proizvodilsja'analiz obrazcov pishhevyh produktov, vody, ispol'zuemyh salfetok i bumagi. Vydelenija sobiralis' v podlezhashhie udaleniju salfetki, otdel'no mocha i kal. Opredeljalos' ili budet opredeljat'sja zaderzhka sledujushhih radioizotopov i ustojchivyh jelementov: stroncij-90, stroncij-89, cezij-137, radij-226, kal'cij, stroncij, fosfor i kalij. Jeti issledovanija znachitel'no otlichajutsja ot predydushhih. Radioizotopy i ustojchivye jelementy nahodilis' v obychnyh koncentracijah i v obychno vstrechajushhihsja himicheskih formah. Vozduh i voda, zagrjaznennye do urovnja okruzhajushhej sredy, i imejushhiesja v prodazhe pishhevye produkty javljalis' edinstvennym istochnikom pogloshhenija, poskol'ku nikakie radioizotopy i ustojchivye himicheskie soedinenija ne dobavljalis'. Issleduemye deti predstavljali soboj obychnyh zdorovyh (negospital'zirovannyh) detej v ih obychnoj domashnej srede. Osnovnye problemy pri provedenii jetih issledovanij zakljuchalis' v 1

  13. The method of “external spiral” for solving a large system of linear equations / Применение метода «внешней спирали» при решении систем линейных уравнений с большим количеством неизвестных / Metoda 'spoljašnje spirale" za rešavanje linearnog sistema sa velikim brojem nepoznatih

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleksa S. Srdanov

    2018-04-01

    начений результатов, что приводит к проблемам: overflow и underflow; 3. изменение значений некоторых коэффициентов в исходной системе, что приводит к неустойчивости решения; 4. дополнительные требования вследствие конвергенции; 5. в случаях большого количества уравнений и неизвестных необходимо, чтобы матрица системы была или не слишком наполнена, или была симметричной, либо диагональной, и т.д. В данной работе представлены методы решения системы линейных уравнений с произвольным количеством уравнений и неизвестных, на которых не отражаются перечисленные проблемы. / Rešavanje linearnog sistema jednačina n × n može biti problem i za računar, pogotovo ako je potrebno tačno rešenje, čak i kada je broj jednačina i nepoznat i relativno mali (par hiljada. Sve postojeće metode su opterećene bar jednim od sledećih problema: 1. složenošću računanja izraženim kroz broj potrebnih operacija koje je potrebno izvršiti kako bi se došlo do rešenja; 2. potencijalnom mogućnošću neograničenog rasta veličina među rezultata, što uzrokuje probleme prekoračenja opsega (overflow i nedovoljne osetljivosti odnosno preciznosti (underflow; 3. promenom vrednosti nekih koeficijenata u polaznom sistemu, što uzrokuje nestabilnost rešenja; 4. dodatnim zahtevima, zbog konvergencije; 5. slučajevima velikog broja jednačina i nepoznatih koji zahtevaju da matrica sistema bude: ili slabo popunjena, ili simetrična, ili dijagonalna, itd. U ovom radu prezentuje se metoda za rešavanje sistema linearnih jednačina sa proizvoljnim brojem

  14. Uzm Dr Sebahattin Okumuş 05-09-1937 - 14-03-2003

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veli Özdemir

    2003-12-01

    . Dr. Cengiz YEGİNALTAY kahvehanesiydi. Zaten yaşamının son saatlerini orada tamamladı. Sebahattin OKUMUŞ'un Biyografisi: Uz. Dr. Sebahattin OKUMUŞ, 05.09.1937 yılında Bitlis'te doğdu; ilk ve orta öğrenimini bu ilde tamamladı. Aymyıl kazandığı Tıp Fakültesine kaydım yaptırmak için geldiği İstanbul'da geçim sıkıntısı ve diğer nedenlerden dolayı üniversite öğrenimini yarıda bırakarak bir ilaç firmasında mümessil olarak çalışmaya başladı. Yıllar soma yeniden okuluna dönerek mezun oldu. Adli Tıp Mtiessesesi'nin 10.10.1980 tarihinde açtığı sınavda başarılı olarak Adli Tıp Asistanı olmaya hak kazandı. 17.03.1981 tarihinde S.S.K. Cibali Dispanserinden naklen tayin olarak bu görevine başladı. “Çocuk Öldürme (Infanticide Metodları ve Çocuk Öldürme İlgili Adli Tıp Sorunları” konulu teziyle 24.10.1983 tarihinde 4 asistan arkadaşıyla birlikte girdiği uzmanlık sınavını (diğerleri: Dr. Uğur Kaya GÜNDÜZ, Dr. Şerife Bilge KIRANGİL, Dr. Yaşar TIRAŞÇI ve Dr. Uğur TANAÇAN vererek Adli Tıp Uzmam oldu. (Jüri üyeleri: Prof.Dr. M. Şemsi Gök, Prof.Dr. Talia Bali Akyan, Doç. Dr. R. Özdemir Kolusaym, Uz. Dr. Vakur Sağmen ve Uz. Dr. Cahide Müdüroğlu. Bir süre Kurumda çalıştıktan soma Adli Tıp Kurumu'nun Türkiye'de teşkilatlanması politikası doğrultusunda Erzurum'da açılan Şube Müdürlüğü'nde görevlendirildi, 09.05.1984 tarihinde bu görevine başlayarak Erzurum'un ilk adli tıp uzmanı oldu. Yaklaşık 8 yıl burada görev yaptıktan soma İstanbul'a geri çağrılarak 10.02.1992 tarihinde Başkan Yar-dımcıkğı'nda görevlendirildi. Ardından kısa bir süre Bakırköy Şube Müdürü olarak çalıştı. 01.06.1993 tarihinden itibaren Fatih Şube Müdürü (kadrosunu 09.01.1998 tarihinde aldı olarak görev yaptı. 06.09.2002\ttarihinde yaş haddinden emekli oldu. 14.03.2003\tCuma günü akşamüstü idi, bir tıp bayramında aramızdan ayrıldı... Dr. Veli ÖZDEMİR

  15. Moderation of Neutrons Emitted by a Pulsed Source and Neutron Spectrometry Based on Slowing-Down Time; Ralentissement des Neutrons Emis par une Source Pulsee et Leur Spectrometrie en Fonction du Temps de Ralentissement; Zamedlenie nejtronov, ispuskaemykh impul'snym istochnikom, i spektrometriya nejtronov po vremeni zamedleniya; Moderacion de Neutrones Emitidos por una Pitente Pulsada y Espectrometria Neutronica Basada en el Tiempo de Frenado

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bergman, A. A.; Isakov, A. I.; Kazarnovskij, M. V.; Popov, Ju. P.; Shapiro, F. L. [Fizicheskij Institut Im. P.N. Lebedeva AN SSSR, Moskva, SSSR (Russian Federation)

    1965-08-15

    orbital 1 = 1. (author) [Russian] V Fizicheskom institute im. P.N.Lebedeva AN SSSR na protjazhenii poslednih 10 let byl vypolnen rjad rabot po issledovaniju nestacionarnogo zamedlenija nejtronov v tjazhelyh sredah, razvitiju metoda spektrometrii nejtronov po vremeni zamedlenija i primeneniju jetogo metoda dlja izuchenija jenergeticheskoj zavisimosti sechenij jadernyh reakcij, vyzyvaemyh nejtronami s jenergiej do 30 kjev. V nastojashhem doklade daetsja obzor jetih issledovanij i obsuzhdajutsja ih itogi. V doklade posle kratkogo rassmotrenija teorii nestacionarnogo zamedlenija i termalizacii nejtronov izlagajutsja rezul'taty jeksperimental'nogo izuchenija zamedlenija nejtronov v grafite, zheleze i svince i izuchenija termalizacii nejtronov v svince. Pri pomoshhi impul'snogo istochnika nejtronov i rezonansnyh detektorov bylo izmereno raspredelenie vremen zamedlenija do rjada fiksirovannyh znachenij konechnoj jenergii nejtrona. Provedeno sravnenie poluchennyh rezul'tatov s teoriej, uchityvajushhej teplovoe dvizhenie atomov zamedlitelja, kotoroe v sluchae svinca privodit k izmerimomu razbrosu vremen zamedlenija pri jenergijah nizhe 10 jev. Dlja podkadmievoj oblasti jenergij izmerena zavisimost' srednej skorosti nejtronov v svince ot vremeni zamedlenija i provedeno sravnenie s mnogogruppovoj teoriej. Opisana primenjavshajasja metodika opredelenija jenergeticheskoj zavisimosti sechenij nejtronnyh reakcij po vremeni zamedlenija i obsuzhdajutsja vozmozhnosti i perspektivy jetogo metoda spektrometrii. Kratko obsuzhdajutsja rezul'taty spektrometricheskih izmerenij, kotorye velis' v dvuh napravlenijah. Pervoe napravlenie -precizionnye izmerenija jenergeticheskoj zavisimosti jenergeticheskogo hoda otnoshenij sechenij reakcij He{sup 3}(n, p), Li{sup 6}(n, {alpha}), B{sup 10}(n, {alpha}) i N{sup 14}(n, p). Naibolee interesnyj rezul'tat jetih opytov -obnaruzhenie postojannoj otricatel'noj slagajushhej sechenija reakcij i ukazanija na sushhestvovanie vozbuzhdennogo urovnja Ne{sup 4

  16. Prikaz knjige Srećka Stopića: Sinteza nanočestica metala ultrazvučnim raspršivanjem u uslovima pirolize / Review of a book by Srećko Stopić: Synthesis of metallic nanosized particles by ultrasonic spray pyrolysis / Обзор книги Сречка Стопича «Синтез наночастиц металлов ультразвуковым распылительным пиролизом»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milena D. Stopić

    2015-10-01

    оторого отслеживаются в режиме онлайн. Сбор наночастиц проводится в электростатическом поле. Рост производственных объемов порошковых изделий, изготовленных методом ультразвукового распылительного пиролиза способствовал успешному внедрению данного метода для синтеза порошка серебра из раствора серебра нитрата. / Nanotehnologija pripada ključnim inovativnim tehnologijama za proizvodnju prahova. Raspršivanje prahova ultrazvučnom pirolizom višestruko je korišćeno za formiranje čestica nanoprahova metala, oksida i kompozita. Ovaj rad odnosi se na nanočestice srebra, bakra i zlata, formiranih ultrazvučnom pirolizom korišćenjem horizontalnog i vertikalnog reaktora. Direktna sinteza nanočestica na bazi Ru-TiO2 i RuO2-TiO2 sa strukturom sastavljenom od jezgra i ljuske dalje je ispitivana. Molarni udeli prekursora, tip rastvarača i procesna temperatura imaju odlučujuću ulogu u formiranju čestica sa ovom kombinovanom strukturom. Zatim, ispitivan je uticaj reakcionih parametara (temperatura, vreme zadržavanja, koncentracija rastvora i frekvencija ultrazvuka na morfološke karakteristike pripremanih nanočestica. Uvećanje temperature od 150°C do 1000°C vodi od jednog nepravilnog oblika do proizvodnje sfernih čestica. Nakon toga, bio je predložen model formiranja metalnih nanočestica od kapi aerosola. Korišćenjem procesa raspršivanja preko ultrazvučne pirolize idealno sferne čestice dobijene su na temperaturi ispod tačke topljenja. Uređaj za određivanje raspodele veličine čestica korišćenjem različite pokretljivosti čestica u elektrostatičkom polju korišćen je za on-line analizu tokom proizvodnje čestica. Sakupljanje nanočestica izvršeno je u elektrostatičkom polju. Uve

  17. Contribution to research of thermal loads in commercial vehicles powertrain mounts / Приложение к исследованию тепловой нагрузкиопоры силового привода грузового автомобиля / Prilog istraživanju toplotnih opterećenja oslonaca pogonske grupe teretnog motornog vozila

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miroslav D. Demić

    2017-10-01

    . Negativan uticaj tih kretanja, odnosno dinamičkih opterećenja koje ona izazivaju i prenose na noseći sistem vozila, može se smanjiti pravilnim izborom položaja i karakteristika oslonaca pogonske grupe. U praksi se usaglašavanje karakteristika oslonaca pogonske grupe, najčešće, vrši iz uslova minimalne buke i vibracija vozila, pri čemu se, uglavnom, zanemaruju toplotna opterećenja kojima su oni izloženi u eksploataciji, a zna se da ona neminovno dovode do oštećenja samih oslonaca i narušavanja njihovih karakteristika. Treba napomenuti da elasto-prigušne sile u osloncima vrše mehanički rad koji se pretvara u toplotnu energiju. Analiza toplotnih opterećenja oslonaca može se vršiti korišćenjem teoretskih, eksperimentalnih i kombinovanih metoda. U ovom radu istraživanja su vršena primenom teorijskih metoda uz korišćenje uprošćenog mehaničkog modela pogonske grupe. Pri tome su posmatrane vibracije pogonske grupe teretnog motornog vozila srednje klase iz proizvodnog programa FAP 1314. Imajući u vidu zastupljenost klasičnih (gumeno-metalnih i hidrauličkih oslonaca pogonske grupe kod savremenih teretnih motornih vozila, u radu su izvršene analize toplotnih opterećenja pomenutog vozila, uz korišćenje matematičkog modela. Realizovana istraživanja imala su za cilj da se utvrdi odnos toplotnih opterećenja klasičnih i hidrauličkih oslonaca, uz pomoć modela, pa se dobijeni rezultati mogu usvojiti kao orijentacioni, što je neophodno u fazi izrade idejnog projekta teretnog motornog vozila. Analiza je pokazala da je razvijena količina toplote kod hidrauličkih oslonaca višestruko veća nego u slučaju korišćenja klasičnih oslonaca. Pored toga, izračunate parcijalne funkcije koherenci toplotnog fluksa su pokazale da su njihove vrednosti u intervalu 0,216 do 1, što ukazuje na to da postoji veza između ulaznih veličina i toplotnog fluksa. Pri tome, veći uticaj na toplotna opterećenja oslonaca pogonske grupe imaju inercijalna sila i obrtni