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Sample records for totls zobu zaudjums

  1. Research Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2017-09-01

    Sep 1, 2017 ... Prp.Totl (%). 54.59. 10.93. Cumul - %. 54.59. 65.52. The bold values indicate the correlated variables. 5. CONCLUSION. The aim of our study was to determine the influence of urban, agricultural and industrial discharges on Ain Zada's dam waters. The chemical composition of these waters was determined ...

  2. The Limits of Moral Principle: An Ends, Means, and Role Spheres Model of the Ethical Threshold.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-09-01

    Stuart Mill (1806-1873) and Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) are readily identified with utilitarianism , while Plato, Aris- totle, Immanual Kant (1724-1804), and...Pennsylvania: Chandler Publishing Company, 1970. 11. Mill , John Stewart. Utilitarianism . Edited by Oskar Piest. New York: Bobbs-Merrill, 1957. 12. Muller... John Locke (1632-1704) are identified with formalism (1:365). Utilitarian thought can be further broken down into such categories as act

  3. Maui Optical Site, Mt. Halekulia, Hawaii, Revised Uniform Summary of Surface Weather Observations (RUSSWO) Parts C, E-F.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-09-23

    T.) * TOTAL LI TOOOTBRNC Tmp. WET BULB TEMPERATURE DEPRESION (F) TONT 3TOTL (F) 0 1 2 3 4 5 76 . 9 .10 11- 12 13 14 15 .16 17 .1 19. 20 21 .2223 24...BULB TEMPERATURE DEPRESION (F) TOTAL TOTAL (F) 0 1 .-2 3 .4 5.6 7 .8 9. 10 11. 12113. 14 15 .16 17 .111 9-2 21. 22 l . 2 3.24 25 .26 27.20 29 .30] a31.06

  4. A Computer Based Data Management System for Automating the Air Force Vehicle Master Plan

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-09-01

    expensive main frame computers. Mass production of hardware and an increase in the number of new entrants into the software market have caused prices to...Software Selection With new products and upgraded revisions of old products appearing on the market almost daily, the choice of which software to use...8217TOTC’ + LTRIM(STR(REPYEAR+3))) @ LJ.INE + 8, 56 SAY &MTOTC -i.T TOT&l + LTRIN(STR(REPYEAR+4))) @ NLINE + 8, 64 SAY &MTOTC PAR T I I A

  5. Clinical analysis of laser photocoagulation for diabetic retinopathy%糖尿病视网膜病变激光光凝治疗疗效分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张志红; 王媛媛; 曹江欣

    2013-01-01

    目的探讨激光光凝治疗糖尿病视网膜病变(DR)的疗效。方法 以DR患者54例108眼为研究对象,对增殖期(PDR)96眼行标准全视网膜光凝,非增殖期(NPDR)22眼行弥漫视网膜光凝。结果 视力提高或不变90眼,有效率83.3%。FFA检查示有效率86.1%。结论 激光光凝术是治疗DR 的一个有效方法,要把握光凝时机,争取早期发现并及时治疗DR,提高激光光凝的疗效。%Objective :To evaluate the efficacy of laser coagulation for diabetic retinopathy. Method :Total 54 patients (108 eyes) of diabetic retinopathy were as the object of this study. 96 eyes with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) were given panretinal photocoagulation. 22 eyes with non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy(NPDR)were given scatter photocoagulation.Results : the eyes of vision improve or no change are 90,totle effective rate is 83.3. totle effective rate of FFA examination is 86.1%. Conclusion: Laser photocoagulation is an effective method for diabetic retinopathy. It has different efficacy for the different stages of diabetic retinopathy. It can improve the efficacy of laser photocoagulation that we seize the opportunity of laser photocoagulation for diabetic retinopathy,early detecting and timely treating diabetic retinopathy.

  6. Kinetics of FeII-polyaminocarboxylate oxidation by molecular oxygen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Jessica M.; Farley, Kevin J.; Carbonaro, Richard F.

    2018-03-01

    Complexation of iron by naturally-occurring and synthetic organic ligands has a large effect on iron oxidation and reduction rates which in turn affect the aqueous geochemistry of many other chemical constituents. In this study, the kinetics of FeII oxidation in the presence of the polyaminocarboxylate synthetic chelating agents ethylene glycol tetraacetic acid (EGTA) and trimethylenediamine-N,N,N‧,N‧-tetraacetic acid (TMDTA) was investigated over the pH range 5.50-8.53. Batch oxidation experiments in the presence of molecular oxygen were conducted using a 2:1 M concentration ratio of polyaminocarboxylate (ligand, L) to FeII. The experimental data resembled first order kinetics for the oxidation of FeII-L to FeIII-L and observed rate constants at pH 6.0 were comparable to rate constants for the oxidation of inorganic FeII. Similar to other structurally-similar FeII-polyaminocarboxylate complexes, oxidation rates of FeII-EGTA and FeII-TMDTA decrease with increasing pH, which is the opposite trend for the oxidation of FeII complexed with inorganic ligands. However, the oxidation rates of FeII complexed with EGTA and TMDTA were considerably lower (4-5 orders of magnitude) than FeII complexed to ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA). The distinguishing feature of the slower-reacting complexes is that they have a longer backbone between diamine functional groups. An analytical equilibrium model was developed to determine the contributions of the species FeIIL2- and FeII(H)L- to the overall oxidation rate of FeII-L. Application of this model indicated that the protonated FeII(H)L species are more than three orders of magnitude more reactive than FeIIL2-. These rate constants were used in a coupled kinetic equilibrium numerical model where the ligand to iron ratio (TOTL:TOTFe) and pH were varied to evaluate the effect on the FeII oxidation rate. Overall, increasing TOTL:TOTFe for EGTA and TMDTA enhances FeII oxidation rates at lower pH and inhibits FeII oxidation

  7. Jinlida reduces insulin resistance and ameliorates liver oxidative stress in high-fat fed rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yixuan; Song, An; Zang, Shasha; Wang, Chao; Song, Guangyao; Li, Xiaoling; Zhu, Yajun; Yu, Xian; Li, Ling; Wang, Yun; Duan, Liyuan

    2015-03-13

    Jinlida (JLD) is a compound preparation formulated on the basis of traditional Chinese medicine and is officially approved for the treatment of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in China. We aimed to elucidate the mechanism of JLD treatment, in comparison to metformin treatment, on ameliorating insulin sensitivity in insulin resistant rats and to reveal its anti-oxidant properties. Rats were fed with standard or high-fat diet for 6 weeks. After 6 weeks, the high-fat fed rats were subdivided into five groups and orally fed with JLD or metformin for 8 weeks. Fasting blood glucose (FBG), fasting blood insulin, blood lipid and antioxidant enzymes were measured. Intraperitoneal glucose tolerance test (IPGTT) and hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp technique were carried out to measure insulin sensitivity. Gene expression of the major signaling pathway molecules that regulate glucose uptake, including insulin receptor (INSR), insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1), phosphoinositide-3-kinase (PI3K), protein kinase beta (AKT), and glucose transporter type 2 (GLUT2), were assessed by quantitative RT-PCR. The totle and phosphorylation expression of IRS-1, AKT, JNK and p38MAPK were determined by Western blot. Treatment with JLD effectively ameliorated the high-fat induced hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia and hyperlipidemia. Similar to metformin, the high insulin resistance in high-fat fed rats was significantly decreased by JLD treatment. JLD displayed anti-oxidant effects, coupled with up-regulation of the insulin signaling pathway. The attenuation of hepatic oxidative stress by JLD treatment was associated with reduced phosphorylation protein levels of JNK and p38MAPK. Treatment with JLD could moderate glucose and lipid metabolism as well as reduce hepatic oxidative stress, most likely through the JNK and p38MAPK pathways. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. ANALISIS FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI MINAT SISWA DALAM PENGAMBILAN KEPUTUSAN MEMILIH JURUSAN AKUNTANSI KELAS X DI SMK N 1 DEMAK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Turina Lasriza Hayurika

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The purposes of this research are: (1 to determine the factors that affecting interest students in decision-making choose of accounting class X in SMK N 1 Demak, (2 to determine which factor that has the greatest or most dominant to interest students in decision-making choose of accounting class X in SMK N 1 Demak. To be able to determine the factors that affect interest decision-making choose of accounting, then a research was conducted  using factor analysis and descriptive analysis methods.The population of this study were all students class X of accounting amounting to 114 students. The samples were 53 members chosen using proportional random sampling technique. The variables of this study were the talent, potential self, intelegent, family, school, peers group, employments opportunities, lack of participation, lack of representation, treatment not fair, dimensions access, dimensions of learning process, dimensions mastery, dimensions control, and dimensions of benefits. The data collection method used was questionnaires, then analyzed by factor analysis with SPSS 16.0 for windows.Based on the results of the factor analysis, from the 15 items there is 1 variables that should be dropped, while the remaining 14 variables formed 3 new factor, namely the internal factor students, the external factor students, and gender difference. Third new factors have a totl value of the coefficients variant 58,19%. The dominant factor influential namely gender difference which embeds in it values the coefficients variant 27,157%.  Dimensions control with load factor of 0.674, lack of partisipation with load factor 0.671, dimensions of benefits with load factor of 0.740, dimensions of learning process with load factor of 0.612, dimensions mastery with a load factor of 0.610, with a load factor of lack of representation 0,823, and the unjust treatment with a charge with load factor of 0.597.

  9. ANALISIS FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI MINAT SISWA DALAM PENGAMBILAN KEPUTUSAN MEMILIH JURUSAN AKUNTANSI KELAS X DI SMK N 1 DEMAK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Turina Lasriza Hayurika

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The purposes of this research are: (1 to determine the factors that affecting interest students in decision-making choose of accounting class X in SMK N 1 Demak, (2 to determine which factor that has the greatest or most dominant to interest students in decision-making choose of accounting class X in SMK N 1 Demak. To be able to determine the factors that affect interest decision-making choose of accounting, then a research was conducted  using factor analysis and descriptive analysis methods.The population of this study were all students class X of accounting amounting to 114 students. The samples were 53 members chosen using proportional random sampling technique. The variables of this study were the talent, potential self, intelegent, family, school, peers group, employments opportunities, lack of participation, lack of representation, treatment not fair, dimensions access, dimensions of learning process, dimensions mastery, dimensions control, and dimensions of benefits. The data collection method used was questionnaires, then analyzed by factor analysis with SPSS 16.0 for windows.Based on the results of the factor analysis, from the 15 items there is 1 variables that should be dropped, while the remaining 14 variables formed 3 new factor, namely the internal factor students, the external factor students, and gender difference. Third new factors have a totl value of the coefficients variant 58,19%. The dominant factor influential namely gender difference which embeds in it values the coefficients variant 27,157%.  Dimensions control with load factor of 0.674, lack of partisipation with load factor 0.671, dimensions of benefits with load factor of 0.740, dimensions of learning process with load factor of 0.612, dimensions mastery with a load factor of 0.610, with a load factor of lack of representation 0,823, and the unjust treatment with a charge with load factor of 0.597.

  10. Levels of pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A in patients with coronary heart diseases and clinic significance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang Lingyan; Cai Gaojun; Zhang Wenwei; Wang Wenzhi; Sun Wenwei; Yan Weiqun

    2006-01-01

    Objective: To explore the relationship between pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) and occurance, development of cardiovascular diseases, and lipids. Methods: 75 patients with coronary disease were divided into acute myocardial infarction (n=32), unstable angina pectoris (n=22) and stable angina pectoris (n=21) groups, and 60 subjects without coronary diseases were used as controls. The serum PAPP-A, IL-6, IL-10, lipids were measured in all patients and controls by different methods of enzymatically amplified two-step sandwith- type immunoassay, double antibody radio-immunoassay, ABC-HRP, auto biochemistic analytist. Results: (1) The level of PAPP-A in acute coronary syndrome (ACS, including acute myocardial infarction and unstable angina pectoris) patients was significantly higher than that in stable angina pectoris patients and controls (P<0.05). (2) There were significantly associations between PAPP-A and serum totle cholesterol, ApoA1/ApoB (r=0.348, 0.420, P<0.05). (3) The levels of IL-6 and IL-10 in coronary heart disease patients were significantly higher than those in controls (P<0.05), and the variations among acute myocardial infarction, unstable angina pectoris, stable angina pectoris patients were significantly (P<0.05). There were significantly associations between PAPP-A, IL-6 and IL-10 (Spearman r 0.446, 0.523, P<0.05). Conclusion: PAPP-A is significantly associated with occurance and development of coronary heart disease, probablely as a marker of unstable plaque in coronary heart disease. (authors)

  11. Clinical study of 18F-FDG PET/CT whole-body imaging in disseminated carcinoma of unknown primary site

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang Guohui; Liang Peiyan; Cai Yanjun; Zhang Weiguang; Xie Chuanmiao; Wu Peihong

    2008-01-01

    Objective: Carcinoma of unknown primary (CUP) is not uncommon in usual clinical settings. They are, by definition, those cases with clinically suspected primary malignancy but not revealed by conventional investigation. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of whole-body 18 F-fluoro- deoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT in detecting a primary neoplasm for these patients. Methods: A totle of 150 patients with retrievable records from 169 CUP patients were selected within a group of consecutive 2589 patients from Jan. 2006 to Jun. 2007. All cases underwent whole-body FDG PET/CT scan. The final diagnoses were confirmed by pathologic results, other imaging modalities or clinical follow-up. Results: Among 150 patients, primary tumor sites were successfully detected by whole-body 18 F-FDG PET/CT scan in 70 cases (46.7%), of which 52 were pathologically confirmed and 18 by clinical follow-up. And 38 cases (54.3%) were lung cancer, 8 (11.4%) were nasopharyngeal carcinoma, 13 (18.6%) in digestive sys- tem, and 11 (15.7%) in other systems. Three clinically suspected CUP cases with negative 18 F-FDG PET/ CT were subsequently confirmed of benign processes by clinical follow-up. Six patients were wrongly diagnosed by 18 F-FDG PET/CT, and 15 patients did not have a confirmed diagnosis by the end of research. The primary cause of malignancy after 18 F-FDG PET/CT remained obscure in 56 patients, only 3 of whom be- came known during the course of clinical follow-up (nasopharyngeal bladder and esophageal carcinoma). Conclusion: 18 F-FDG PET/CT whole-body imaging plays an important role in patients with metastatic CUP. (authors)

  12. EarthScope Education and Outreach: Accomplishments and Emerging Opportunities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, S.; Ellins, K. K.; Semken, S. C.; Arrowsmith, R.

    2014-12-01

    EarthScope's Education and Outreach (E&O) program aims to increase public awareness of Earth science and enhance geoscience education at the K-12 and college level. The program is distinctive among major geoscience programs in two ways. First, planning for education and public engagement occurred in tandem with planning for the science mission. Second, the NSF EarthScope program includes funding support for education and outreach. In this presentation, we highlight key examples of the program's accomplishments and identify emerging E&O opportunities. E&O efforts have been collaboratively led by the EarthScope National Office (ESNO), IRIS, UNAVCO, the EarthScope Education and Outreach Subcommittee (EEOSC) and PI-driven EarthScope projects. Efforts by the EEOSC, guided by an EarthScope Education and Outreach Implementation Plan that is periodically updated, focus EarthScope E&O. EarthScope demonstrated early success in engaging undergraduate students (and teachers) in its mission through their involvement in siting USArray across the contiguous U.S. Funded E&O programs such as TOTLE, Illinois EarthScope, CEETEP (for K-12), InTeGrate and GETSI (for undergraduates) foster use of freely available EarthScope data and research findings. The Next Generation Science Standards, which stress science and engineering practices, offer an opportunity for alignment with existing EarthScope K-12 educational resources, and the EEOSC recommends focusing efforts on this task. The EEOSC recognizes the rapidly growing use of mobile smart devices by the public and in formal classrooms, which bring new opportunities to connect with the public and students. This will capitalize on EarthScope's already prominent social media presence, an effort that developed to accomplish one of the primary goals of the EarthScope E&O Implementation Plan to "Create a high-profile public identity for EarthScope" and to "Promote science literacy and understanding of EarthScope among all audiences through

  13. Designing and Using Virtual Field Environments to Enhance and Extend Field Experience in Professional Development Programs in Geology for K-12 Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Granshaw, Frank Douglas

    2011-12-01

    Virtual reality (VR) is increasingly used to acquaint geoscience novices with some of the observation, data gathering, and problem solving done in actual field situations by geoscientists. VR environments in a variety of forms are used to prepare students for doing geologic fieldwork, as well as to provide proxies for such experience when venturing into the field is not possible. However, despite increased use of VR for these purposes, there is little research on how students learn using these environments, how using them impacts student field experience, or what constitutes effective design in light of emerging theories of geocognition. To address these questions, I investigated the design and use of a virtual reality environment in a professional development program for middle school Earth science teachers called Teachers on the Leading Edge (TOTLE). This environment, called a virtual field environment, or VFE, was based largely on the field sites visited by the participants during summer workshops. It was designed as a tool to prepare the participants for workshop field activities and as a vehicle for taking elements of that experience back to their students. I assessed how effectively the VFE accomplished these goals using a quasi-experimental, mixed method study that involved a series of teaching experiments, interviews, participant surveys, and focus groups. The principle conclusions reached in this study are as follows: 1. In a field trip orientation experiment involving 35 middle school teachers, 90.6% of the participants stated a preference for VFE enhanced orientation over an alternative orientation that used photographs and static maps to complete a practice field activity. When asked about how the VFE prepared them for their field experience, the participants ranked it as most helpful for visualize the location and geography of the field sites. They ranked it lower for helping them visualize structural and geomorphic patterns, and ranked it as least