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Sample records for tlkinud doris kareva

  1. Mõned olulised raamatud / Doris Kareva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kareva, Doris, 1958-

    2008-01-01

    Doris Kareva toob esile endale olulisi teoseid: "Greeka muinaskangelasi Anna Haava järgi", Jan Brzechwa "Lõbusaid värsse", Hector Malot' "Perekonnata", Antoine Saint-Exupéry "Väike prints", Rabindranath Tagore "Gitandzhali" ja "Aednik"

  2. "Iga päev..." : [luuletused] / Doris Kareva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kareva, Doris, 1958-

    2001-01-01

    Tekst eesti ja inglise k. D. Kareva lühibiograafia eesti ja inglise k. lk. 175. Sisu: "Iga päev..." = "Every day..." ; "Ma nägin unes - Saatan kõneles..." = "I dream that I heard Satan speak..." ; "Viib sünnieelsest unest surmaunne..." = "Rainbow-coloured confusion bears us..." ; "Vaadeldes vikerkaarlevat maailma..." = "Viewing the rainbowing world..." ; "Ei jõua kirjutada puhtandit..." = "No time to write the final draft..." ; "Põletatud luuletused..." = ""Burnt poems..." ; Fraktalia ; Müsteerium 1-5 = Enigma 1-5 ; "Jumal juhtub..." = "God happens..." ; Moira 1-7 = Wishing well 1-7 ; Concerto strumenti e voce

  3. Where the Truth Lies in Translated Poetry: a Doris Kareva Poem in English

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miriam McIlfatrick

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The article explores what the examination of original and translated poems side by side reveals about the nature of poetic communication. A Doris Kareva poem is analysed to determine how (rather than what it means, identifying bonds of meaning created by sound and ambiguity as much as by syntactic or lexical relations. Two translations are analysed which suggest that a poem cannot be captured in the transferral of a graspable message or isolated lexicalised concepts, nor through the skilful handling of poetic devices. A third translation is proposed that aims to replicate the lexical, semantic and phonetic strands that constitute the coherence of the original while also generating ambiguity as a bound and binding feature of the new poem. Finally, the poem is posited as the presence of meaning, manifest in the effects it produces that make us attend to it as a poem.

  4. "Every day..." : [poems] / Doris Kareva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kareva, Doris, 1958-

    2003-01-01

    Autori tutvustus lk. 282. Sisu: "Every day..." ; "I dream that I heard Satan speak..." ; "Rainbow-coloured confusion bears us..." ; "Viewing the rainbowing world..." ; "No time to write the final draft..." ; "Burnt poems..." ; Midas ; Pygmalion ; Enigma 1-5 ; Concerto strumenti e voce. Orig.: "Iga päev..." ; "Ma nägin unes - Saatan kõneles..." ; "Viib sünnieelsest unest surmaunne..." ; "Vaadeldes vikerkaarlevat maailma..." ; "Põletatud luuletused..." ; Pygmalion ; Müsteerium 1-5 ; Concerto strumenti e voce

  5. Üle kuristiku : [luuletused] / Doris Kareva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kareva, Doris, 1958-

    1998-01-01

    Sisu: Üle kuristiku ; Pärastlõuna ; Miski jääb lõpuni puudu ; "Nüüd, kus sa tead juba elust..." ; Lõpp ; Pühitsus 1-3 ; "Iga päev..." ; "Sellest maast, sellest saatusest..." ; "Me elu on me elu ainus mõte..." ; Midas ; Tagahoovid 2 ; Painaja ; Hääl ; "Ma tean, et meenun Sulle ainult siis..." ; Teerist ; Passioon 1-4 ; Erakiri ; "Käib aimamatut rada armastus..." ; Ärkamine ; "Sa lakkasid olemast ime..." ; "Läbi elu lendab surmakivi..." ; "Viib sünnieelsest unest surmaunne..." ; "Tark olla tahtmise ja teadmissunni..." ; "Kui palve püsib puhas leht su ees..." ; "Puud kohisevad. Mu elu..." ; "Ta vaikib, su Õpetaja..." ; "Ma kirjutasin maha, liivale..." ; "Kõik, keda nägin..."

  6. Lätlased Kinomajas / Doris Kareva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kareva, Doris, 1958-

    2001-01-01

    Kinomajas Läti filmipäevadel näidatud filmidest. Pikemalt oma aega valusalt dokumenteerivatest Juris Podnieksi "Post scriptum", Antra Cilinska "Kas on kerge olla...?" ja Romualds Piparsi "Elu vabadusele", animafilmist lätlaste päritolu kohta Agnese Bule "Avasta Lätimaa!" ning Janis Ozolins-Ozolsi filmidebüüdist "Hispaania capriccio". Lühidalt ka multifilmidest ning lühimängufilmidest

  7. Karistus unelma eest : Guntars Godiņši ja Doris Kareva vestlus 30. jaanuaril / Guntars Godinsh, Doris Kareva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Godiņš, Guntars, 1958-

    2000-01-01

    Läti Vabariigi aastapäeva puhul näidati Tallinna Kinomajas läti 1994. a. dokumentaalfilmi 'Karistus unelma eest' (režissöör Andris Rozenbergs, stsenarist Inta Geile), mis keskendus 1950. aastate algul Riias koos käinud 'prantsuse grupi' saatusele ja 17. XI 1999-20. I 2000 oli Kiek in de Kökis Kurts Fridrihsonsi näitus 'Passaazhid'. K. Fridrihsonsi elust ja loomingust, 'prantsuse grupist' (tõlgid Maija Silmale, Ieva Lase, Milda Grinfelda jt.) jm. K. Fridrihsonsi pärandit hoiab Gundega Repshe

  8. Maailmalapsed / Janika Kronberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kronberg, Janika, 1963-

    1997-01-01

    Sisu: Kareva, Doris. Hingring. Tallinn : Huma, 1997; Kareva, Doris; Tervonen, Marina. Kammertoon. [Tallinn] : D. Kareva ; M. Tervonen, 1997; Gibran, Kahlil. Prohvet / tlk. Doris Kareva. Tallinn : Huma, 1997

  9. DESY: DORIS-III

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    1991-07-15

    The DORIS electron-positron ring at the Hamburg DESY Laboratory has a long tradition - first beams were stored at the end of 1973 in the initial double-ring configuration. A six-month upgrade in 1982 resulted in the single-ring DORIS-II, attaining higher energies and improved collision rates. During its 28-year career so far, DORIS has made important contributions, particularly in heavy flavour physics, and, after a further upgrade, this looks set to continue.

  10. DESY: DORIS-III

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1991-01-01

    The DORIS electron-positron ring at the Hamburg DESY Laboratory has a long tradition - first beams were stored at the end of 1973 in the initial double-ring configuration. A six-month upgrade in 1982 resulted in the single-ring DORIS-II, attaining higher energies and improved collision rates. During its 28-year career so far, DORIS has made important contributions, particularly in heavy flavour physics, and, after a further upgrade, this looks set to continue

  11. Doris Lessing and the

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof. Dennis Ocholla

    Antony Chennells explains that “an obvious form of anti-colonial resistance to ... How then is Doris Lessing connected to Indigenous Knowledge Systems or the .... The Old Chief has no power in this situation – colonialism has robbed him of ...

  12. Kas naiskirjandus on olemas? : [ümarlaud] / kokku võtnud D. K. [Doris Kareva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Ümarlaud toimus 30. aprillil 2011 A. H. Tammsaare Muuseumis muuseumi ja Tallinna Ülikooli eesti keele ja kultuuri instituudi koostööna. Ära on toodud Elo Lindsalu, Märt Väljataga ja Igor Kotjuhi sõnavõtud

  13. CDDIS_DORIS_products_quaternions

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Satellite attitude information from satellites with Doppler Orbitography by Radiopositioning Integrated on Satellite (DORIS) receivers. Files include attitude...

  14. CDDIS_DORIS_data_rinex

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The Doppler Orbitography by Radiopositioning Integrated on Satellite (DORIS) was developed by the Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES) with cooperation from...

  15. CDDIS_DORIS_data_cycle

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The Doppler Orbitography by Radiopositioning Integrated on Satellite (DORIS) was developed by the Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES) with cooperation from...

  16. LOD estimation from DORIS observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stepanek, Petr; Filler, Vratislav; Buday, Michal; Hugentobler, Urs

    2016-04-01

    The difference between astronomically determined duration of the day and 86400 seconds is called length of day (LOD). The LOD could be also understood as the daily rate of the difference between the Universal Time UT1, based on the Earth rotation, and the International Atomic Time TAI. The LOD is estimated using various Satellite Geodesy techniques as GNSS and SLR, while absolute UT1-TAI difference is precisely determined by VLBI. Contrary to other IERS techniques, the LOD estimation using DORIS (Doppler Orbitography and Radiopositioning Integrated by satellite) measurement did not achieve a geodetic accuracy in the past, reaching the precision at the level of several ms per day. However, recent experiments performed by IDS (International DORIS Service) analysis centre at Geodetic Observatory Pecny show a possibility to reach accuracy around 0.1 ms per day, when not adjusting the cross-track harmonics in the Satellite orbit model. The paper presents the long term LOD series determined from the DORIS solutions. The series are compared with C04 as the reference. Results are discussed in the context of accuracy achieved with GNSS and SLR. Besides the multi-satellite DORIS solutions, also the LOD series from the individual DORIS satellite solutions are analysed.

  17. Recent results from DORIS II

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bloom, E.D.

    1985-01-01

    This report contains a brief review of recent results from the ARGUS and Crystal Ball experiments at DORIS II, concentrating on UPSILON(1S) and UPSILON(2S) spectroscopy with a short foray into γγ physics. 18 refs., 10 figs

  18. Tõlkemeistrite 141 selli / Triinu Tamm ; intervjueerinud Pille-Riin Larm ; kommenteerinud Heli Allik, Doris Kareva, Aare Pilv, Alari Allik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tamm, Triinu

    2017-01-01

    Eesti Kirjanike Liidu tõlkijate sektsiooni noortele, gümnasistidele ja tudengitele suunatud ilukirjanduse tõlkevõistlusest ja koolitusest. Koos Tallinna ülikooli ja Postimehega käima lükatud uuel tõlkevõistlusel tõlgiti proosatekste vene, prantsuse, inglise ja jaapani keelest. Kommenteerivad tõlkevõistluse žüriide esindajad. Kõige rohkem töid oli Tartu ülikooli üliõpilastelt - 50, Tallinna ülikooli tudengeilt 25, gümnasistide töid oli 59

  19. "Alguses oli tema üksinda, sest oli küll..." : [luuletused] / Kabir ; tlk. Doris Kareva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kabir

    2006-01-01

    Sisu: "Alguses oli tema üksinda, sest oli küll..." ; "Kõik loodud on Kõiksuse poolt..." ; "Otsid Sa mind?..." ; "Kabir oma meele puhtaks..." ; "Pole pühades järvedes midagi muud peale vee..." ; "Otsisin kelme ja kõveraid..." ; "Ütle, vend, mida küll teha..." ; "Mis kurja on teinud su juuksed..." ; "Ära tõuse, et minna õue vaatama lilli..." ; "Sinu sünd inimesena on küps vili..." ; "Öö saatsid sa magades mööda..." ; "Pole ma hindu..." ; "Ma vaatan sind..." ; "Veskikivisid vaadeldes ; "Nähes aednikku lähenemas, õhkasid pungad..." ; "Tasa, tasa tõtta, mu meel..." ; "Ära kurvasta..." ; "Imetlusväärne on teemant..." ; "Kuula, sõber, see keha on Tema lüüra..." ; "Nagu seemnes varjul on õli..." ; "Olgugi ookean leekides..." ; "Tilka, mis lahustub meres..." ; "Jõgi ja lained on üks..." ; "Kes sa oled ja kust oled tulnud?..." ; "Kaovad kuningad, kauneimad kuningannad..." ; "Rohkem kui midagi muud..." ; "Lihalik, surelik tantsib selle ees..." ; "Väike rubiin, mida igaüks ihkab..." ; "Mine heade juurde, kus Armastatugi elab..." ; "Eksitus sulgeb väravad..." ; "Keelilt vallandub helisid..." ; "Kõik algab lahusoleku valust..." ; "Ärka, sõber! Miks ikka veel magad?..." ; "Kuu on mu kehas, kuid ise ma seda ei näe..." ; "Miks oled nii kärsitu, süda?..." ; "Kellele kuulub see flööt..." ; "Kui raske on Külalist kohata!..." ; "Kandetool toodi minule järgi mu isakoju..." ; "Siia ilma sündides nutsid..." ; "Oh mu süda! Ei jõudnud sa tundma õppida..." ; "Õige kulunud on sinu rüü..." ; "Õhkõrn on see õhuke rüü..." ; "Lipp, mida keegi ei näe..." ; "Oh otsija, lihtne liit lähim on südamele..." ; "Õhtu varjud on sügavaks saanud..." ; "Kuis saakski katkeda armastus me kahe vahel..." ; "Luik, tahaksin, et mulle räägiksid kõik oma loo..." ; "Kuhu ihaled küll, minu süda?..." ; "Ei lakka Lõpmatu flöödiheli..." ; "Mida näed, seda pole...". Autori kohta eluloolisi andmeid lk. 11

  20. Doris Salcedo’s Melancholy Objects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vera Mackie

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available This article takes Doris Salcedo's work 'Atrabiliarios' (held in the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art as the starting point for a discussion of the mechanisms of melancholy and fetishism. This is linked to a discussion of the politics of looking, museum displays and memory.

  1. Using DORIS measurements for ionosphere modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dettmering, Denise; Schmidt, Michael; Limberger, Marco

    2013-04-01

    Nowadays, most of the ionosphere models used in geodesy are based on terrestrial GNSS measurements and describe the Vertical Total Electron Content (VTEC) depending on longitude, latitude, and time. Since modeling the height distribution of the electrons is difficult due to the measurement geometry, the VTEC maps are based on the the assumption of a single-layer ionosphere. Moreover, the accuracy of the VTEC maps is different for different regions of the Earth, because the GNSS stations are unevenly distributed over the globe and some regions (especially the ocean areas) are not very well covered by observations. To overcome the unsatisfying measurement geometry of the terrestrial GNSS measurements and to take advantage of the different sensitivities of other space-geodetic observation techniques, we work on the development of multi-dimensional models of the ionosphere from the combination of modern space-geodetic satellite techniques. Our approach consists of a given background model and an unknown correction part expanded in terms of B-spline functions. Different space-geodetic measurements are used to estimate the unknown model coefficients. In order to take into account the different accuracy levels of the observations, a Variance Component Estimation (VCE) is applied. We already have proven the usefulness of radio occultation data from space-borne GPS receivers and of two-frequency altimetry data. Currently, we test the capability of DORIS observations to derive ionospheric parameters such as VTEC. Although DORIS was primarily designed for precise orbit computation of satellites, it can be used as a tool to study the Earth's ionosphere. The DORIS ground beacons are almost globally distributed and the system is on board of various Low Earth Orbiters (LEO) with different orbit heights, such as Jason-2, Cryosat-2, and HY-2. The last generation of DORIS receivers directly provides phase measurements on two frequencies. In this contribution, we test the DORIS

  2. A superconducting test cavity for DORIS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bauer, W.; Brandelik, A.; Lekmann, W.; Szecsi, L.

    1978-03-01

    A summary of experimental goals, technical requirements and possible solutions for the construction of a superconducting accelerating cavity to be tested at DORIS is given. The aim of the experiment is to prove the applicability of superconducting cavities in storage rings and to study the problems typical for this application. The paper collects design considerations about cavity geometry and fabrication, input coupling, output coupling for higher modes, tuner, cryostat and controls. (orig.) [de

  3. Improved DORIS accuracy for precise orbit determination and geodesy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willis, Pascal; Jayles, Christian; Tavernier, Gilles

    2004-01-01

    In 2001 and 2002, 3 more DORIS satellites were launched. Since then, all DORIS results have been significantly improved. For precise orbit determination, 20 cm are now available in real-time with DIODE and 1.5 to 2 cm in post-processing. For geodesy, 1 cm precision can now be achieved regularly every week, making now DORIS an active part of a Global Observing System for Geodesy through the IDS.

  4. Die Form der Zeit : [aus "Aja kuju"¡ ("Die Form der Zeit")] : [luuletused] / Doris Kareva ; tlk. Irja Grönholm ja Gisbert Jänicke

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kareva, Doris, 1958-

    2006-01-01

    Sisu: Die Form der Zeit : "Die lodernde, reglose Sonne..." ; "Was ist, kann ausgedrückt werden..." ; "Ich höre Stunde um Stunde..." ; "Ich ging am Strand entlang..." ; "Um sichtbarer zu leben..." Der beste Teil des Tags ist die Nacht..." ; "Nächte verschreiben sich dem Morgen..." ; "Herb, karg ist das Licht des Nordens..." ; "Alles rotiert, alles pulsiert..." ; "Sprache ist in der Tat das Haus des Seins..." ; "Der Schmetterling, dessen Flügelschlag..." ; "Die blendende, peinlich reine, bodenlose...". Orig.: Aja kuju : "Leekiv liikumatu päike..." ; "See, mis on, on väljendatav..." ; "Kuulan tunde ja tunde..." ; "Kõndisin mere ääres..." ; "Selleks, et elada selgemalt..." ; "Päeva parim osa on öö..." ; "Ööd kirjutavad end hommikuks..." ; "Karm, napp on põhjamaa valgus..." ; "Kõik tiirleb, kõik tuksleb..." ; "Keel on tõesti olemise koda..." ; "Liblikas, kelle tiivalöök..." ; "Lume pimestav, piinavalt puhas..."

  5. [Kirjandusetendusest "Meri kümnele häälele"] / Kätlin Kaldmaa ; küsinud D. K. [Doris Kareva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaldmaa, Kätlin, 1970-

    2011-01-01

    Luulelavastus sisaldab Álvaro de Campose (Fernando Pessoa) "Mereoodi" ning Ain Kaalepi, Kalju Kruusa, fs-i jt. eesti luuletajate tekste. Lavastaja Anne Türnpu, etendused toimuvad kinos Sõprus. Vt. ka kuulutust lk. 30

  6. The Metaphor of the Horse in Doris Lessing's The Marriages ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The second novel in Doris Lessing's Canopus in Argos science fiction series, The Marriages Between Zones Three, Four and Five, is marked out as different from the rest of the series by its fable-like qualities. The novel appears to narrate a quest for a kind of balance or harmony between the various Zones. This paper sets ...

  7. Breakdown: Mind Terror in Sylvia Plath and Doris Lessing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahearn, Marie

    Both Sylvia Plath and Doris Lessing use themes prevalent in Gothic horror tales--fear, madness, dissolution of personality, the dream journey, and the grotesque--but both writers make use of these themes in their own inimitable way. This paper discusses Plath's "The Bell Jar" and Lessing's "Briefing for a Descent into Hell" in…

  8. Female Identity in Doris Lessing’s The Golden Notebook

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heba Mohamed Abd El Aziz

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available In the realm of art in general and literature in particular, the presence of Doris Lessing could not be denied as one of the most influential English novelists in the 1960s. Doris Lessing is a writer who is concerned with the representation of women identity in the West. In her renowned novel, The Golden Notebook Lessing aims at showcasing women identity in Europe and any aspect related to them, i.e., their psychology, political lives, relation to men and children, their place in a male-dominated society and their frequent attempts to escape from the social and political oppression. The aim of this paper is to present a truthful account of female identity from a feminist point of view.

  9. Magnet power supplies for the DORIS intersecting storage ring

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Narciss, H.; Hrabal, D.; Schlueter, W.

    1975-01-01

    Extremely precise, stable magnetic fields are required for guiding, deflecting and focussing electron and positron beams in the DORIS intersecting storage ring of the German Electron Synchrotron DESY. For the magnets producing these fields, Siemens has supplied a total of 29 precision-controlled power supplies in 17 different versions ranging from 1.5 kW to 4.9 kW. (orig.) [de

  10. Analysis of South Atlantic Anomaly perturbations on Sentinel-3A Ultra Stable Oscillator. Impact on DORIS phase measurement and DORIS station positioning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jalabert, Eva; Mercier, Flavien

    2018-07-01

    DORIS measurements rely on the precise knowledge of the embedded oscillator which is called the Ultra Stable Oscillator (DORIS USO). The important radiations in the South Atlantic Anomaly (SAA) perturb the USO behavior by causing rapid frequency variations when the satellite is flying through the SAA. These variations are not taken into account in standard DORIS processing, since the USO is modelled as a third degree polynomial over 7-10 days. Therefore, there are systematic measurements errors when the satellite passes through SAA. In standard GNSS processing, the clock is directly estimated at each epoch. On Sentinel-3A, the GPS receiver and the DORIS receiver use the same USO. It is thus possible to estimate the behavior of the USO using GPS measurements. This estimated USO behavior can be used in the DORIS processing, instead of the third degree polynomial, hence allowing an estimation of the orbit sensitivity to these USO anomalies. This study shows two main results. First, the SAA effect on the DORIS USO is observed well using GPS measurements. Second, the USO behavior observed with GPS can be used to mitigate the SAA effect. Indeed, when used in Sentinel-3A processing, the resulting DORIS orbit shows improved phase measurements and station positioning for stations inside the SAA (Arequipa and Cachoeira). The phase measurements residuals are improved by up to 10 cm, and station vertical positioning (i.e. on the estimated Up component in the North-East-Up station frame) is improved by up to a few centimeters. However, the orbit itself is not sensitive to the correction because only two stations (out of almost 60) are SAA-sensitive on Sentinel-3A.

  11. Kas omakeelsel haridusel ja teadusel on tulevikku? / Kirsti Siitonen, Jolanta Zabarskaite, Josep Soler-Carbonell, Rainer Enrique Hamel ; intervjueerinud Peep Nemvalts ; tõlkinud Doris Kareva, Aili Künstler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    TLÜ teaduskeelekeskus korraldas koos TLÜ eesti keele ja kultuuri instituudiga 29. ja 30. augustil rahvusvahelise konverentsi "Rahvuskeeled teaduses ja kõrghariduses". Sel teemal vastavad TLÜ teaduskeelekeskuse juhataja Peep Nemvaltsi küsimustele konverentsi rahvusvahelised esinejad

  12. DORIS and GNSS processing at CNES/CLS for the contribution to the next ITRF2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loyer, Sylvain; Capdeville, Hugues; Soudarin, Laurent; Mezerette, Adrien; Lemoine, Jean-Michel; Mercier, Flavien; Perosanz, Felix

    2014-05-01

    CNES serves as Analysis Center in the International DORIS Service (IDS) and the International GNSS Service (IGS). DORIS and GNSS data are processed by its subsidiary CLS with the GRGS package software GINS/DYNAMO. For the contribution to the next release of the International Terrestrial Reference Frame planned this year (ITRF2013), two decades of data were analyzed (1993-2013 for DORIS, 1998-2013 for GPS, and 2009-2013 for GLONASS). In this context, the CNES/CLS Analysis Centers provided SINEX solutions to the IDS and IGS Combination Centers, respectively multi-satellite weekly solutions and daily solutions. Normal equations derived from this analysis are also made available to the GRGS Combination Center for the combination at the observation level of the geodetic parameters measured by DORIS, GPS, SLR and VLBI techniques. The purpose of this presentation is to point out how the overall quality of the DORIS and GNSS data processing benefits from the use of the same software and a common basis of models. Here, we present the modeling standards, the networks and the processing strategies. Assessments of some models are also discussed. The quality and the homogeneity of the products (orbits, station coordinates and Earth Orientation Parameters) over the complete period are shown, as well as the temporal variations of some parameters (dynamical parameters, orbit residuals, internal orbit overlaps ...). Some examples of time series of DORIS and GNSS station positions at collocated sites complete this presentation.

  13. Gravity model improvement using the DORIS tracking system on the SPOT 2 satellite

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nerem, R. S.; Lerch, F. J.; Williamson, R. G.; Klosko, S. M.; Robbins, J. W.; Patel, G. B.

    1994-01-01

    A high-precision radiometric satellite tracking system, Doppler Orbitography and Radio-positioning Integrated by Satellite system (DORIS), has recently been developed by the French space agency, Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES). DORIS was designed to provide tracking support for missions such as the joint United States/French TOPEX/Poseidon. As part of the flight testing process, a DORIS package was flown on the French SPOT 2 satellite. A substantial quantity of geodetic quality tracking data was obtained on SPOT 2 from an extensive international DORIS tracking network. These data were analyzed to assess their accuracy and to evaluate the gravitational modeling enhancements provided by these data in combination with the Goddard Earth Model-T3 (GEM-T3) gravitational model. These observations have noise levels of 0.4 to 0.5 mm/s, with few residual systematic effects. Although the SPOT 2 satellite experiences high atmospheric drag forces, the precision and global coverage of the DORIS tracking data have enabled more extensive orbit parameterization to mitigate these effects. As a result, the SPOT 2 orbital errors have been reduced to an estimated radial accuracy in the 10-20 cm RMS range. The addition of these data, which encompass many regions heretofore lacking in precision satellite tracking, has significantly improved GEM-T3 and allowed greatly improved orbit accuracies for Sun-synchronous satellites like SPOT 2 (such as ERS 1 and EOS). Comparison of the ensuing gravity model with other contemporary fields (GRIM-4C2, TEG2B, and OSU91A) provides a means to assess the current state of knowledge of the Earth's gravity field. Thus, the DORIS experiment on SPOT 2 has provided a strong basis for evaluating this new orbit tracking technology and has demonstrated the important contribution of the DORIS network to the success of the TOPEX/Poseidon mission.

  14. Performance of a high resolution monochromator for the vacuum ultraviolet radiation from the DORIS storage ring

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Saile, V.; Skibowski, M.; Steinmann, W.; Guertler, P.; Koch, E.E.; Kozevnikov, A.

    1976-03-01

    The unique properties of the DORIS storage ring at DESY as a synchrotron radiation source are exploited for high resolution spectroscopy in the vacuum ultraviolet. We describe a new experimental set up with a 3 meter normal incidence monochromator for wavelengths between 3,000 A to 300 A (4 [de

  15. The protein crystallography beamline BW6 at DORIS - automatic operation and high-throughput data collection

    CERN Document Server

    Blume, H; Bourenkov, G P; Kosciesza, D; Bartunik, H D

    2001-01-01

    The wiggler beamline BW6 at DORIS has been optimized for de-novo solution of protein structures on the basis of MAD phasing. Facilities for automatic data collection, rapid data transfer and storage, and online processing have been developed which provide adequate conditions for high-throughput applications, e.g., in structural genomics.

  16. Stochastic models in the DORIS position time series: estimates for IDS contribution to ITRF2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klos, Anna; Bogusz, Janusz; Moreaux, Guilhem

    2017-11-01

    This paper focuses on the investigation of the deterministic and stochastic parts of the Doppler Orbitography and Radiopositioning Integrated by Satellite (DORIS) weekly time series aligned to the newest release of ITRF2014. A set of 90 stations was divided into three groups depending on when the data were collected at an individual station. To reliably describe the DORIS time series, we employed a mathematical model that included the long-term nonlinear signal, linear trend, seasonal oscillations and a stochastic part, all being estimated with maximum likelihood estimation. We proved that the values of the parameters delivered for DORIS data are strictly correlated with the time span of the observations. The quality of the most recent data has significantly improved. Not only did the seasonal amplitudes decrease over the years, but also, and most importantly, the noise level and its type changed significantly. Among several tested models, the power-law process may be chosen as the preferred one for most of the DORIS data. Moreover, the preferred noise model has changed through the years from an autoregressive process to pure power-law noise with few stations characterised by a positive spectral index. For the latest observations, the medians of the velocity errors were equal to 0.3, 0.3 and 0.4 mm/year, respectively, for the North, East and Up components. In the best cases, a velocity uncertainty of DORIS sites of 0.1 mm/year is achievable when the appropriate coloured noise model is taken into consideration.

  17. Interoperable web applications for sharing data and products of the International DORIS Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soudarin, L.; Ferrage, P.

    2017-12-01

    The International DORIS Service (IDS) was created in 2003 under the umbrella of the International Association of Geodesy (IAG) to foster scientific research related to the French satellite tracking system DORIS and to deliver scientific products, mostly related to the International Earth rotation and Reference systems Service (IERS). Since its start, the organization has continuously evolved, leading to additional and improved operational products from an expanded set of DORIS Analysis Centers. In addition, IDS has developed services for sharing data and products with the users. Metadata and interoperable web applications are proposed to explore, visualize and download the key products such as the position time series of the geodetic points materialized at the ground tracking stations. The Global Geodetic Observing System (GGOS) encourages the IAG Services to develop such interoperable facilities on their website. The objective for GGOS is to set up an interoperable portal through which the data and products produced by the IAG Services can be served to the user community. We present the web applications proposed by IDS to visualize time series of geodetic observables or to get information about the tracking ground stations and the tracked satellites. We discuss the future plans for IDS to meet the recommendations of GGOS. The presentation also addresses the needs for the IAG Services to adopt common metadata thesaurus to describe data and products, and interoperability standards to share them.

  18. Luuletajad on head, nii head... / Mari Klein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Klein, Mari

    2008-01-01

    Doris Kareva, Maria Lee ja Jürgen Rooste esinevad heategevuslikul kontserdil oma luuletustega ja laulutekstidega. Ürituste tulu eest ostetakse Väikemõisa ja Tilsi lastekodu igale lapsele oma raamat

  19. India laulja ja eesti poetess esinevad koos / Ilona Martson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martson, Ilona, 1970-

    2003-01-01

    India lauljatari Kakoli Sengupta kontsertidel Eestis saab sõna Doris Kareva, kes kannab ette Põhja-India pühaku Kabiri 15. sajandil loodud poeesiat; vt. ka fotod Kroonika (2003) nr. 40, 30. sept., lk. 54

  20. Raamatuid / Juhan Habicht

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Habicht, Juhan, 1954-

    1992-01-01

    Raamatud: Kareva, Doris. Kuuhobune. [Tallinn] : Katherine, [1992]. Imelik, Olaf. Tõde - kõige kaunim oled sa alasti. Tallinn : Mats, [1992]. Murutar, Kati. Naisena sündinud. [Pärnu] : Perona, 1992

  1. Kirjanik soovitab / Triin Soomets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soomets, Triin, 1969-

    2010-01-01

    Luuletaja Triin Soomets soovitab lugeda: Aravind Adiga "Valge tiiger", Sofi Oksase "Stalini lehmad", Doris Kareva "Deka", Leelo Tungla "Neitsi Maarja neli päeva", Berit Renseri ja Terje Toomistu "Seitse maailma"

  2. Survey of radioactive contamination distribution in the Naka-Dori area, Tohoku, Japan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hohara, Sin-ya; Inagaki, Masayo; Yamanishi, Hirokuni; Wakabayashi, Genichiro; Sugiyama, Wataru; Itoh, Tetsuo

    2013-01-01

    The Kinki University Atomic Energy Research Institute investigated radioactive contamination due to the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident in urban areas of the Fukushima Naka-Dori Area in the TOHOKU region, Japan. A specific activity measurement of the surface soil and a survey of the dose rate distribution in urban areas were performed. From the results of this research, a decrease in dose rate in paved areas became clear, and differences due to the “wash out effect” in paved areas for different paving materials was measured and verified. (author)

  3. Sites of Personal and Cultural Memories in Doris Lessing’s Writings of Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Anca Georgescu

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to map sites of personal and cultural memories and the way they are interwoven in some of Doris Lessing’s writings of Africa from the perspective of Cultural Memory Studies. The concepts of ‘home’, ‘memory’ and‘re-memory’, as well as ‘nostalgia’ will be analyzed in Going Home, one of the accounts of the author’s return to Africa, in order to demonstrate that cultural memory and memory in general are indicative of the shaping of Lessing as a writer with multiple identities. The study will also focus on the novel Alfred and Emily, where Doris Lessing uses another aspect that is part of cultural memory studies, which is the creation of an alternative history and story of her parents and post-war England. The main argument here is that Lessing blends factual and fictional writing in her most recent half fiction, half memoir to construct alternative personal and cultural ‘hi(-stories’. This viewpoint – that a human individual is always intertwined with other individuals and further with history – is an undercurrent that permeates Lessing’s writings. The analysis demonstrates that in the novels under scrutiny, and not only these, Lessing has used her own personal memories to create fiction that fits into a bigger frame, that of cultural memory studies.

  4. Stochastic Models in the DORIS Position Time Series: Estimates from the IDS Contribution to the ITRF2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klos, A.; Bogusz, J.; Moreaux, G.

    2017-12-01

    This research focuses on the investigation of the deterministic and stochastic parts of the DORIS (Doppler Orbitography and Radiopositioning Integrated by Satellite) weekly coordinate time series from the IDS contribution to the ITRF2014A set of 90 stations was divided into three groups depending on when the data was collected at an individual station. To reliably describe the DORIS time series, we employed a mathematical model that included the long-term nonlinear signal, linear trend, seasonal oscillations (these three sum up to produce the Polynomial Trend Model) and a stochastic part, all being resolved with Maximum Likelihood Estimation (MLE). We proved that the values of the parameters delivered for DORIS data are strictly correlated with the time span of the observations, meaning that the most recent data are the most reliable ones. Not only did the seasonal amplitudes decrease over the years, but also, and most importantly, the noise level and its type changed significantly. We examined five different noise models to be applied to the stochastic part of the DORIS time series: a pure white noise (WN), a pure power-law noise (PL), a combination of white and power-law noise (WNPL), an autoregressive process of first order (AR(1)) and a Generalized Gauss Markov model (GGM). From our study it arises that the PL process may be chosen as the preferred one for most of the DORIS data. Moreover, the preferred noise model has changed through the years from AR(1) to pure PL with few stations characterized by a positive spectral index.

  5. The PLUTO experiment at DORIS (DESY) and the discovery of the gluon (A recollection)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stella, Bruno R. [Rome-3 Univ. (Italy). Dipt. di Fisica; Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Rome (Italy); Meyer, Hans-Juergen

    2010-08-15

    With the aim of determining the contribution of the PLUTO experiment at the DORIS e{sup +}e{sup -} storage ring to the discovery of the gluon, as members of this former collaboration we have reconsidered all the scientific material produced by PLUTO in 1978 and the first half of 1979. It is clear that the experiment demonstrated the main decay of the Y(9.46 GeV) resonance to be mediated by 3 gluons, by providing evidence for the agreement of this hypothesis with average values and differential distributions of all possible experimental variables and by excluding all other possible alternative models. Moreover PLUTO measured in June 1979 the matrix element of the 3-gluon decay to be quantitatively as expected by QCD (even after hadronization) and, having checked the possibility to correctly trace the gluons' directions, demonstrated the spin 1 nature of the gluon by excluding spin 0 and spin 1/2. The hadronization of the gluon like a quark jet, hypothesized in the 3-gluon jet Monte Carlo simulation, was compatible with the topological data at this energy and was shown to be an approximation at 10% level for the multiplicity ({approx} < p {sub vertical} {sub stroke} {sub vertical} {sub stroke} {sub >}{sup -1}); the right expected gluon fragmentation was needed for the inclusive distributions; this was the first experimental study of (identified) gluon jets. In the following measurements at the PETRA storage ring, these results were confirmed by PLUTO and by three contemporaneous experiments by evidencing at higher energies the gluon radiation (''bremsstrahlung''), the softer one, by jet broadening, and the hard one, by the emission of (now clearly visible) gluon jets by quarks. The gluon's spin 1 particle nature was also confirmed. The PLUTO results on Y decays had been confirmed both by contemporaneous experiments at DORIS (partially) and later (also partially) were confirmed by more sophisticated detectors. (orig.)

  6. The PLUTO experiment at DORIS (DESY) and the discovery of the gluon (A recollection)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stella, Bruno R.; Meyer, Hans-Juergen

    2010-08-01

    With the aim of determining the contribution of the PLUTO experiment at the DORIS e + e - storage ring to the discovery of the gluon, as members of this former collaboration we have reconsidered all the scientific material produced by PLUTO in 1978 and the first half of 1979. It is clear that the experiment demonstrated the main decay of the Y(9.46 GeV) resonance to be mediated by 3 gluons, by providing evidence for the agreement of this hypothesis with average values and differential distributions of all possible experimental variables and by excluding all other possible alternative models. Moreover PLUTO measured in June 1979 the matrix element of the 3-gluon decay to be quantitatively as expected by QCD (even after hadronization) and, having checked the possibility to correctly trace the gluons' directions, demonstrated the spin 1 nature of the gluon by excluding spin 0 and spin 1/2. The hadronization of the gluon like a quark jet, hypothesized in the 3-gluon jet Monte Carlo simulation, was compatible with the topological data at this energy and was shown to be an approximation at 10% level for the multiplicity (∼ vertical stroke vertical stroke > -1 ); the right expected gluon fragmentation was needed for the inclusive distributions; this was the first experimental study of (identified) gluon jets. In the following measurements at the PETRA storage ring, these results were confirmed by PLUTO and by three contemporaneous experiments by evidencing at higher energies the gluon radiation (''bremsstrahlung''), the softer one, by jet broadening, and the hard one, by the emission of (now clearly visible) gluon jets by quarks. The gluon's spin 1 particle nature was also confirmed. The PLUTO results on Y decays had been confirmed both by contemporaneous experiments at DORIS (partially) and later (also partially) were confirmed by more sophisticated detectors. (orig.)

  7. DORIS downstream service: a support to civil defence autorithies in landslides and subsidence risk management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciampalini, A.; Del Ventisette, C.; Moretti, S.; Manunta, M.; Calò, F.; Paglia, L.; Ardizzone, F.; Guzzetti, F.; Rossi, M.; Bellotti, F.; Colombo, D.; Strozzi, T.; Wegmuller, U.; Mora, O.; Sanches, F.

    2012-04-01

    DORIS is an advanced FP7-EU project for the design of a pre-operational advanced downstream service aimed at detecting, mapping, monitoring and forecasting surface deformations, including landslides and ground subsidence, by exploiting multiple Earth Observation (EO) and ground-based (non-EO) data technologies. Ground deformations are the result of a variety of natural and human-induced causes and triggers. These phenomena are frequent and widespread in Europe, causing extensive economic damage to private properties and public assets and their social impact is relevant. In Europe, the large number of areas affected by ground deformations, the frequency and extent of the triggering events, the extent of the impact and the magnitude of the damage, make it mandatory a multiscale, systemic approach. Further, the complexity and extent of the problem is such that it cannot be tackled (and solved) at an individual, site-specific scale, or using a single technique or methodology. The problem can be approached only through the integration of data and information taken at different scales, and with the collaborative efforts of multiple expertise. With this respect, the several satellite sensors now available, including about forty passive - optical - sensors and nine active - synthetic aperture radar (SAR) - sensors, provide valuable technological alternatives to traditional methods and tools to detect, map, monitor and forecast ground deformations over large areas and with the required accuracy. The temporal continuity and the geometric compatibility among time series of ERS-1, ERS-2 and ENVISAT data represents an unprecedented opportunity to generate very long time series of ground deformations. This provides exclusive information for an improved understanding of the long term behavior of slow and very-slow ground deformation phenomena. In this context, DORIS intends to exploit the extensive catalogues of multiple C-band SAR sensors to provide, via a joint analysis

  8. A small-angle camera for resonant scattering experiments at the storage ring DORIS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stuhrmann, H.B.; Gabriel, A.

    1983-01-01

    Resonant small-angle scattering is measured routinely in the wavelength range of 0.6 to 3.25 A with the instrument X15 at the storage ring DORIS. The monochromatic beam with a vertical offset of 1.22 m is achieved by a double monochromator system with a constant exit slit. The small-angle instrument allows for sample-detector distances between 0.37 and 7.33 m. A multiwire proportional counter with a sensitive area of 200 X 200 mm detects the scattered intensity with a spatial resolution of 2 X 2 mm. Its sensitivity can be adapted to the requirements of the experiment by activating a drift chamber of 8 cm depth at the back end of the detector. The performance of the instrument as a function of the wavelength is described. The energy resolution is about 1 eV at the L 3 absorption edge of caesium, as shown by the resonant scattering of ferritin in 30% CsCl solution. (Auth.)

  9. Pola makan dan hubungannya dengan kejadian stroke di RSUD dr. Doris Sylvanus Palangka Raya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Perawaty Perawaty

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTBackground: According to WHO it is estimated that there are 15 million people having stroke annually. High prevalence of stroke happens at Kalimantan Tengah as indicated from the growing number of outpatients and inpatients of stroke every year. There is a shift in eating pattern at urban areas from traditional eating pattern to western eating pattern that has high composition of calories, protein, fat, sugar and less fibre causing nonproportional nutrient intake. This condition is a risk factor for the prevalence of degenerative diseases such as hypertension, coronary heart disease and other health problems. Efforts for primary prevention against stroke can be made through intervention in unhealthy lifestyle including eating pattern.Objectives: To identify association between eating pattern and the prevalence of stroke at dr. Doris Sylvanus Hospital Palangka Raya.Methods: The study was analytic observational with case control design. Subject consisted of cases and control at comparison 1:1 matched in age. Cases were stroke inpatients of dr. Doris Sylvanus Hospital and control group consisted of patients of other diseases at the same hospital. The study involved 76 patients taken concecutive. Data comprised of sample identity, waist circumference, eating pattern, hypertension, physical activity and smoking habit. Data of eating pattern were obtained through semi quantitative food frequency questionnaire. The result of the study was analyzed using chi square and logistic regression.Results: The result of the study showed there were 5 variables significantly associated with the prevalence of stroke; ie. more consumption of processed foods (OR 7,53 CI 95% : 1,38 – 41,13, less consumption of fruits (OR 6,98 CI 95%, 1,53-31,80, less consumption of fish (OR 6,36 CI 95% : 1,15 – 34,99, hypertension (OR 10,91 CI 95%, 2,43–49,03 and less physical activities (OR 8,36 CI 95%, 1,72-40,56 while the frequency of fast foods

  10. Milline/millised viimastel aastatel eesti keeles ilmunud ilukirjandusteos(ed) on pälvinud liiga vähe tähelepanu või jäänud ebaõiglaselt tähelepanuta? Miks võiks antud teos(t)ele rohkem tähelepanu juhtida? : [küsitlus] / Doris Kareva, Berk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Nimetatakse konkreetseid teoseid, näiteks Berk Vaher kirjutab Andi Meistri romaanist "Valgus olematust aknast" (2009), Mihkel Mutt Marcin Świetlicki kriminaalromaanist "Kaksteist" (tlk. Hendrik Lindepuu, 2009), Aare Pilv, Eliina Kortsu luulekogust "Lööklaused murravad metsi" (2006), Jaak Tomberg Vahur Afanasjevi luulekogust "Katedraal Emajões" (2006), Birk Rohelend Siim Nurkliku näidendist "Kas ma olen nüüd elus" (2010), Igor Kotjuh Toomas Raudami proosapalast "Mees, kes kirjutas merd" (2006). Enim muretsetakse tõlkekirjanduse, eriti luule retseptsiooni puudumise pärast

  11. Biological aspects of the Sailfin dory Zenopsis conchifer (Lowe, 1852 caught by deep-sea trawling fishery off southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Silvestre Martins

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Biological aspects of sailfin dory, Zenopsis conchifer, were studied from 839 individuals obtained from deep-sea commercial bottom trawling off southern Brazil at depths up to 526 m in 2002 and 2003. Samples included fish from 101 mm Lt and 15 g up to 640 mm Lt and 2,9 g. The sex-ratio was 50% at 150 mm Lt and between 300-350 mm Lt, with females outnumbering males in the remaining size classes. Reproductive activity seems to peak between July and August (austral winter. Size at attainment of 50% maturity (Lt50 was 311 mm Lt in females. The mean length and maturity of the specimens increased with depth, suggesting that larger fish concentrate in deeper waters.Aspectos biológicos do peixe-galo-de-profundidade, Zenopsis conchifer, foram estudados a partir de 839 peixes amostrados na pesca comercial de arrasto de profundidade (até 526 m no sul do Brasil entre 2002 e 2003. As amostras incluíram peixes entre 101 mm TL e 15 g até 640 mm TL e 2.952 g. A proporção sexual foi próxima à paridade na classe de tamanho de 150 mm TL e entre 300-350 mm TL, sendo que as fêmeas predominaram nas demais classes. A atividade reprodutiva apresentou um pico durante o inverno. O tamanho de primeira maturação (TL50 nas fêmeas foi de 311 mm TL. Os comprimentos corporais e a maturidade sexual aumentaram com a profundidade, sugerindo que os maiores exemplares se concentram águas profundas.

  12. Politics of Feminine Abuse: Political Oppression and Masculine Obstinacy in Doris Lessing’s The Good Terrorist

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedram Lalbakhsh

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper studies the male-dominated world of Doris Lessing’s novel The Good Terrorist. Alice Mellings, the protagonist of the novel, is a political activist whose reliance on male figures in the story—the leaders of a subdivision of a political party—ends in disillusionment and frustration. Looking at this novel from a socialist feminist point of view, Alice Mellings is found to be a minor member, exploited and abused, who has to follow the orders and instructions of her inept superiors—all male. While Alice is the one who guarantees the continuation of activism (doing all kinds of jobs needed to keep the squat alive, she is never allowed to have a role in decision making. She is a member whose identity is defined by male superiors and is considered as a half-human whose services are to be enjoyed only. However, the findings of this study prove Alice as one who has her own voice at the end. The novel’s closing is marked with an engendered New Woman who is aware of the political abuse and whose independent unbound identity stands much higher than the political oppression and masculine obstinacy that had imprisoned her for so long. She is a different woman at the end; one who knows her power, believes in it and decides to fight and not to surrender. And this is a new consciousness that Lessing raises: discover your feminine power, have a firm belief in it and use it to win.

  13. Vse blizhe k Schengenu / Kristina Kareva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kareva, Kristina

    2007-01-01

    Siseministeeriumis kogunes Schengen Facility juhtkomitee, et teha kokkuvõte käesolevaks ajaks rakendunud projektidest ja sõlmitud lepingutest. 22. detsembri seisuga on Schengen Facility programmi vahenditest sõlmitud kõik hankelepingud

  14. Naised Idamaalt ja mujalt / Aita Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivi, Aita, 1954-

    2000-01-01

    Sisu : Kazuo Ishiguro. Mägede kahvatu terendus; Anchee Min. Punane asalea; Larissa Vassiljeva. Vene kroonitud peade naised; Mark T. Sullivan. Puhtaks saamine; Louise Bagshave. Pikad moonid; William Shakespeare. Shakespeare armastusest; Marie Under. Õnnevarjutus; Doris Kareva. Fraktalia; Ulrike Mara. Vihmakalad

  15. Korralik inimene ostab jõulukingid raamatupoest / Valner Valme, Rebekka Lotman, Merit Kask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valme, Valner, 1970-

    2007-01-01

    Peatselt ilmuvatest raamatutest: Kareva, Doris. Lõige : [luuletused] ; Rowling, Joanne Kathleen. Harry Potter ja surma vägised ; Sild, Ivar. Tantsiv linn ; Lee, Maria. Äramõte ; Christensen, Lars Saabye. Modell / tõlkinud Eha Vain ; Murakami, Haruki. Kafka mererannas / tõlkinud Kati Lindström

  16. "Su mõte on see, mida elad" : vanadus / Kaire Nurk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nurk, Kaire, 1960-

    2005-01-01

    Reet Varblase kuraatoriprojektist "Homo grandis natu" Tallinna Kunstihoones kuni 15. V. Tallinna Kunstikooli õpilaste (õpetaja Katrin Tukmann), Katarzyna Kozyra, Eveli Variku, Marge Monko, Piia Ruberi & Doris Kareva ja Mare Mikofi töödest, Tallinna Ülikooli audiovisuaalkunsti osakonnas tehtud filmidest (Elen Lotman, Jaak Kilmi, Kalev Hiller)

  17. Scripta manent II

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Rahvusvahelisest köite- ja kirjakunsti näitusest 2000. a. septembris-oktoobris. Osalejatele on trükitud ja nummerdatud luulepoognad Doris Kareva luuletusega "Armuaeg" ("Days of grace") ja Jaan Kaplinski luuletusega "Kui üldse olla..." ("If I must be at all...")

  18. Eine neue Lyrikanthologie / Marianne Vogel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vogel, Marianne

    2000-01-01

    Arvustus: Die Freiheit der Kartoffelkeime : Poesie aus Estland : Jaan Kaplinski, Doris Kareva, Hasso Krull, Viivi Luik, Ene Mihkelson, Paul-Eerik Rummo / hrsg. Gregor Laschen ; Nachdichtungen von Marcel Beyer, Friedrich Christian Delius, Katja Lange-Müller, Gregor Laschen, Johann P. Tammen, Ralf Thenior. Bremerhaven : Wirtschaftsverlag NW Verlag für neue Wissenschaft GmbH, 1999. (edition die horen ; 24).

  19. dory děložního čípku, jejich terapie a vyšetření nádorových markerů

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Nekulová, M.; Kalábová, R.; Pecen, Ladislav; Šimíčková, M.; Neumannová, R.; Valík, D.

    -, č. 4 (2003), s. 4-6 ISSN 1211-5665 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z1030915 Keywords : nádorové markery * terapie * nádor děložního čípku * nádory vaječníků Subject RIV: BB - Applied Statistics, Operational Research

  20. Recent results from DORIS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bienlein, J.K.

    1981-11-01

    New data on bottonium spectroscopy concern the search of γγ-cascade decays of UPSILON' (UPSILON' → γγUPSILON, UPSILON → e + e - or μ + μ - ) and yield one event giving a branching ratio <= 7%. The UPSILON direct hadronic decays are used as a gluon factory and the gluon fragmentation is compared to quark fragmentation. Sphericity (and other topological quantities), charged multiplicity, particle correlations, γ-fraction, and inclusive spectra are equal. The phenomenological differences come from the different decay mechanisms (CONT → 2 quark jets vs. UPSILON → 3 gluon jets). The only difference seen is an enhanced anti p yield of UPSILON and UPSILON' decays. In a narrow energy scan in the energy regions 7.4-7.5 and 8.6-9.4 GeV no new resonance or new step is seen. (orig.)

  1. Note: Comparison of grazing incidence small angle x-ray scattering of a titania sponge structure at the beamlines BW4 (DORIS III) and P03 (PETRA III)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rawolle, M.; Körstgens, V.; Ruderer, M. A.; Metwalli, E.; Guo, S.; Müller-Buschbaum, P.; Herzog, G.; Benecke, G.; Schwartzkopf, M.; Buffet, A.; Perlich, J.; Roth, S. V.

    2012-01-01

    Grazing incidence small angle x-ray scattering (GISAXS) is a powerful technique for morphology investigation of nanostructured thin films. GISAXS measurements at the newly installed P03 beamline at the storage ring PETRA III in Hamburg, Germany, are compared to the GISAXS data from the beamline BW4 at the storage ring DORIS III, which had been used extensively for GISAXS investigations in the past. As an example, a titania thin film sponge structure is investigated. Compared to BW4, at beamline P03 the resolution of larger structures is slightly improved and a higher incident flux leads to a factor of 750 in scattered intensity. Therefore, the acquisition time in GISAXS geometry is reduced significantly at beamline P03.

  2. A Psychoanalytic-Feminist Reading of Martha’s “Battle” with Mrs. Quest in Doris Lessing’s Martha Quest

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Kaosar Ahmed

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Sense of consternation and dismay always dominate the mother-daughter relationship in Doris Lessing’s novels. Over protective tendency and sense of self-righteousness of the mother act as a stumbling block in achieving daughter’s physical, psychological and sexual flourishment. The same we see in the case of Lessing’s adolescent heroine, Martha Quest in the first volume of The Children of Violence Series. Analyzing from the psychoanalytic point of view, this article sheds light on the entanglement in Martha’s familial relationship, specially with her mother. It also probes deep into the psyche of Martha and her mother as well as delineates how Martha’s individuation is hold back by her possessive mother throughout her journey to maturity.

  3. A new velocity field for Africa from combined GPS and DORIS space geodetic Solutions: Contribution to the definition of the African reference frame (AFREF)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saria, E.; Calais, E.; Altamimi, Z.; Willis, P.; Farah, H.

    2013-04-01

    We analyzed 16 years of GPS and 17 years of Doppler orbitography and radiopositioning integrated by satellite (DORIS) data at continuously operating geodetic sites in Africa and surroundings to describe the present-day kinematics of the Nubian and Somalian plates and constrain relative motions across the East African Rift. The resulting velocity field describes horizontal and vertical motion at 133 GPS sites and 9 DORIS sites. Horizontal velocities at sites located on stable Nubia fit a single plate model with a weighted root mean square residual of 0.6 mm/yr (maximum residual 1 mm/yr), an upper bound for plate-wide motions and for regional-scale deformation in the seismically active southern Africa and Cameroon volcanic line. We confirm significant southward motion ( ˜ 1.5 mm/yr) in Morocco with respect to Nubia, consistent with earlier findings. We propose an updated angular velocity for the divergence between Nubia and Somalia, which provides the kinematic boundary conditions to rifting in East Africa. We update a plate motion model for the East African Rift and revise the counterclockwise rotation of the Victoria plate and clockwise rotation of the Rovuma plate with respect to Nubia. Vertical velocities range from - 2 to +2 mm/yr, close to their uncertainties, with no clear geographic pattern. This study provides the first continent-wide position/velocity solution for Africa, expressed in International Terrestrial Reference Frame (ITRF2008), a contribution to the upcoming African Reference Frame (AFREF). Except for a few regions, the African continent remains largely under-sampled by continuous space geodetic data. Efforts are needed to augment the geodetic infrastructure and openly share existing data sets so that the objectives of AFREF can be fully reached.

  4. Investigation of the nonlinear effects of Wiggler and undulator fields on the beam dynamics of particle storage rings in the case of DORIS III

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Decking, W.

    1995-11-01

    In this thesis I analyze the effects of wiggler and undulator magnetic fields on the beam dynamics of electron/positron storage rings. DORIS III, DESY's synchrotron radiation source is taken as an example. Wigglers and undulators are used for the production of synchrotron radiation or to control beam sizes in storage rings. Their introduction in the lattices of storage rings causes some problems due to the strong nonlinearities of the magnetic fields. Therefore a detailed analysis of the particle dynamics under the influence of wiggler magnetic fields and their field errors is necessary. This thesis provides such an analysis. The problem will be attacked analytically, numerically and experimentally. The analytic approach is based on the treatment of the appropriate Hamiltonian with perturbation theory. The magnetic fields are described with a Fourier series, which covers the main characteristics of wiggler and undulator fields. The main effect of wigglers and undulators is the excitation of fourth order synchro-betatron resonances. The description of field errors and other details of the magnetic fields is achieved by integrating over appropriately distributed current sheets. This allows the modeling of different parameters such as magnet pole width, periodicity errors and errors in the field gradients. (orig./WL)ons of motion in the fields calculated with this method can only be integrated numerically. This would be much too slow to be used in particle tracking codes. Therefore a transfer map b

  5. Short outlines of books by Estonian authors / Rutt Hinrikus, Janika Kronberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hinrikus, Rutt, 1946-

    1997-01-01

    Traat, Mats. Peremees võtab naise; Raudam, Toomas. Muusika kuum sai; Baturin, Nikolai. Ringi vangid; Õunapuu, Ervin. Olivia. Meistriklass; Mattheus, Ülo. Läheb ega peatu; Nõu, Enn. Kojutulek; Valton, Arvo. Väike ilus vangimaja; Unt, Mati. Brecht ilmub öösel; Alliksaar, Artur. Päikesepillaja; Kareva, Doris. Hingring; Kaplinski, Jaan. See ja teine; Hellerma, Kärt. Alkeemia

  6. Kuidas sünnib pealkiri? / Pärt Lias

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lias, Pärt

    2003-01-01

    Eesti kirjanikud vastavad Pärt Liase küsimusele oma teoste pealkirjade saamisloo kohta: Doris Kareva, Ilona Laaman, Eha Lättemäe, Priidu Beier, Oskar Kruus, Jaan Kruusvall, Paul-Eerik Rummo ja Andres Vanapa (1); Triin Soomets, Priit Aimla, Aarne Puu, Einar Sander, Jüri Tuulik ja Ülo Tuulik (2); Nikolai Baturin, Leo Metsar, Toomas Vint, Leonid Stolovitš ja Pärt Lias (3)

  7. Mezhpravitelstvennoje soglashenije mezhdu Estonijei i Latvijei / Kristina Kareva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kareva, Kristina

    2006-01-01

    Siseminister Kalle Laanet viibis Leedus, et arutada Läti siseministri Dzintars Jaundzheikarsiga ja Leedu siseministri Gintaras Furmanaviciusega ettevalmistusi Schengeni õigusruumiga liitumiseks ning sõlmida Eesti ja Läti vaheline politsei koostöölepe

  8. Pskovskije ikonõ v Tallinne / Kristina Kareva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kareva, Kristina

    2006-01-01

    Projekti "Maailma kunstiaarded Tallinnas" raames korraldatud Pihkva muuseumi kunstivarasid tutvustavat vene maalikunsti ja Pihkva koolkonna ikoonide näitust Tallinna Õpetajate Majas kommenteerib Boris Pilar

  9. Short outlines of books by Estonian authors / Janika Kronberg, Rutt Hinrikus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kronberg, Janika, 1963-

    2006-01-01

    Arvustus: Krull, Hasso. Loomise mõnu ja kiri. Tallinn : Kultuurileht, 2006 ; Aleksejev, Tiit. Valge kuningriik. Tallinn : Varrak, 2006 ; Baturin, Nikolai. Sõnajalg kivis. Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, 2006 ; Nõu, Helga. Ood lastud rebasele. Tallinn : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2006 ; Kaus, Jan. Tema. Tallinn : Tuum, 2006 ; Krull, Hasso. Talv. Tallinn : Tuum, 2006 ; Soomets, Triin. Väljas. Tallinn : Tuum, 2006 ; Kareva, Doris. Aja kuju. Tallinn : Verb, 2006 ; Vint, Toomas. Topeltvalguses. Tallinn : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2005 ; Bristol, Piret. Sõud. Tallinn : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2005 ; Valton, Arvo. Taltsutatud lammas : jutud. Tallinn : Kirjastuskeskus, 2005 ; Kivastik, Mart. Külmetava kunstniku portreed. Viinistu triloogia. Tartu : Väike Öömuusika, 2006

  10. Short outlines of books by Estonian authors / Janika Kronberg, Rutt Hinrikus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kronberg, Janika, 1963-

    2008-01-01

    Arvustus: Kareva, Doris. Lõige. Tallinn : Verb, 2007 ; Õnnepalu, Tõnu. Flandria päevik. Tallinn : Varrak, 2007 ; Mihkelson, Ene. Katkuhaud. Tallinn : Varrak, 2007 ; Vint, Toomas. Mäluauguga naine. Tallinn : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2007 ; Pervik, Aino. Suleline, Puhuja ja must munk. Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2007 ; Mutt, Mihkel. Siseemigrant. Novellid Rui taevalike kommentaaridega. Tallinn : Fabian, 2007 ; Nõlvak, Valentine. Ellujääja mälestused. Tallinn : Varrak, 2007 ; Tungal, Leelo. Täisminevik. Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2007 ; Kangro, Maarja. Tule mu koopasse, mateeria. Tallinn : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2007

  11. Mõned sammud 2007. aasta eesti luule platool / Jan Kaus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaus, Jan, 1971-

    2008-01-01

    Ülevaade 2007. aasta eesti luulest. Käsitlemist leiavad järgmised autorid ja nende teosed: Eeva Park "Tulearm", Maarja Kangro "Tule mu koopasse, mateeria", Katrin Väli "Neli", Andra Teede "Saage üle", Merca "Narrivile", Doris Kareva "Lõige", Martin Oja "Pärastlõuna platoo", Kivisildnik "Torti ja aborti", Kivisildnik "Sumo", Timo Maran "Metsa pööramine", Lemming Nagel "Tahtetuse triumf", Aare Pilv "Näoline", Igor Kotjuh "Teises keeles", Urmo Mets "Toimumata tulvade toimik", Neeme Põder "Kaktuste puiestee", Maria Lee "Äramõte"

  12. Short outlines of books by Estonian authors / Brita Melts, Rutt Hinrikus and Janika Kronberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Melts, Brita

    2012-01-01

    Arvustus: Helme, Peeter. Varastatud aja lõpus. Tallinn : Tuum, 2011 ; Jõerüüt, Jaak. Kõik luuletused. Tallinn : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2011 ; Kareva, Doris. Sa pole üksi. Tallinn : Verb, 2011 ; Paju, Imbi. Soome lahe õed : vaadates teiste valu. Tallinn : Hea lugu, 2011 ; Pervik, Aino. Matlena teekond. Tallinn : Mustvalge Kirjastus, 2010 ; Raud, Rein. Hotell Amalfi. Tallinn : Tuum, 2011 ; Sommer, Lauri. Räestu raamat. Tallinn : Menu Kirjastus, 2012 ; Kasemaa. Andrus. Leskede kadunud maailm. Tallinn : Varrak, 2012 ; Teede, Andra. Käigud. Pärnu : Jumalikud Ilmutused, 2011

  13. Short outlines of books by Estonian authors / Brita Melts, Rutt Hinrikus and Janika Kronberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Melts, Brita

    2015-01-01

    Arvustus: Viitol, Livia. Jutte ja novelle. Tallinn : Libri Livoniae, 2014 ; Talvet, Jüri. Ten Letters to Montaigne : "Self" and "other". Tartu : Tartu Ülikooli Kirjastus, 2014 ; Rooste, Jürgen. Suur sume, suur tume. [Luige (Kiili vald)] : Verb, 2014 ; Kross, Märten. Hullumäng. [Tallinn] : Tammerraamat, 2014 ; Kaus, Jan. Ma olen elus. Tallinn : Tuum, 2014 ; Kangro, Maarja. Hüppa tulle. Tallinn : Nähtamatu Ahv, 2014 ; Kasemaa, Andrus. Minu viimane raamat. Tallinn : Varrak, 2014 ; Raik, Katri. Minu Narva : kahe maailma vahel. [Tartu] : Petrone Print, 2013 ; Kareva, Doris. Maailma asemel. [Kordustr. Tallinn] : Verb, 2014

  14. Doris A. Betancourt, Ph.D.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Request an environmental microbiologist. Her current research deals with screening indoor biocontaminutesants. She is responsible for the identification and characterization of mold, bacteria, and their metabolites in indoor environments.

  15. Recent e+e- results from DORIS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Weber, G.

    1978-07-01

    This paper contains: some new results of the heavy lepton tau, evidence for the F- and F*-Mesons, observation of the Upsilon (9.46) Resonance, jets in hadron production in e + e - annihilation and status of PETRA. (WL) 891 WL [de

  16. JeS i Afrika dogovoriliss o migratsii i razvitija / Kristina Kareva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kareva, Kristina

    2006-01-01

    Siseminister Kalle Laanet viibis Tripolis toimunud Aafrika ja Euroopa Liidu migratsiooni ning arengu teemalisel konverentsil, mille üheks põhiteemaks oli Aafrika piirivalve- ja rändehaldussüsteemi suutlikkuse tõstmine

  17. Avanes Läänemere piirkonna toetusprogramm aastateks 2007-2013 / Kristina Kareva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kareva, Kristina

    2008-01-01

    Saksamaal kogunenud Läänemere äärsete riikide esindajad otsustasid avada toetuste taotlemiseks Läänemere piirkonna programmi aastateks 2007-2013, mis toetab riikidevahelise koostöö projekte innovatsiooni, transpordi, keskkonna ning linna- ja maapiirkondade elujõulisuse edendamise valdkonnas

  18. Jüri Pihl vstretilsja s Alfredom Perezom Rubalkaba / Kristina Kareva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kareva, Kristina

    2008-01-01

    Siseminister Jüri Pihl kohtus Madridis Hispaania siseministri Alfredo Pérez Rubalcabaþga, et arutada politseiasutuste vahelist koostööd, küberkuritegevuse vastast võitlust ja Hispaania eesistumist Euroopa Liidus 2010. aastal

  19. Estnisk poesi võgar ta plats / Michel Ekman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ekman, Michel

    2008-01-01

    Arvustus: Rooste, Jürgen. Presidenten bor nõnstans i närheten / översättning: Peeter Puide. Stockholm : Ellerströms, 2007 ; fs. 2007 / översättning: Peeter Puide. Stockholm : Ellerströms, 2007 ; Kruusa, Kalju. Mötesvis / översättning: Peeter Puide. Stockholm : Ellerströms, 2007 ; Estniska ballader / översättning: Ilmar Laaban. Stockholm : Ellerströms, 2007 ; Laaban, Ilmar. Palingarderomb. Stockholm : Ellerströms, 2007 ; Under, Marie. Gnistor i askan / översättning: Enel Melberg. Stockholm : Ellerströms, 2007 ; Wuolijoki, Hella. Sõngen om kriget / översättning: Enel Melberg. Stockholm : Ellerströms, 2007 ; Alver, Betti. Historien om den vita krõkan / översättning: Enel Melberg. Stockholm : Ellerströms, 2007 ; Kareva, Doris. Tidens gestalt / översättning: Peeter Puide. Stockholm : Ellerströms, 2007

  20. Vikergallup : Eesti kirjandus 2007

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    23 arvustaja vastus küsimusele, milline oli 2007. aasta parim uudisraamat ja debüütteos. Mainiti järgnevaid autoreid ja nende teoseid: Jaan Kaplinski "Seesama jõgi" (parim uudisteos), Andrus Kivirähk "Mees, kes teadis ussisõnu", Aare Pilv "Näoline", Mehis Heinsaar "Rändaja õnn", Kivisildnik "Sumo", Mihkel Mutt "Siseemigrant", Doris Kareva "Lõige", Ene Mihkelson "Katkuhaud", Veiko Märka "Lendas üle marmortahvli", Andra Teede "Saage üle", Maria Lee "Äramõte", Edvin Aedma "Inimene ja draakon", Andres Anvelt "Punane elavhõbe", Kerle Arula "Paplitüdruku talv", Jim Ashilevi "Nagu poisid vihma käes", Urmas Nimetu "Langemine alla nulli"; parimad debüütteosed olid Epp Annuse "Sina, Matilda" ja Peeter Helme "Puudutus"

  1. Short outlines of books by Estonian authors / Brita Melts, Rutt Hinrikus, Maire Iro and Maret Vaher

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2013-01-01

    Arvustus: Pärtna, Maarja. Läved ja tüved. Tallinn : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2013 ; Sauter, Peeter. Ära jäta mind rahule. Tallinn : P. Sauter, 2012 ; Viiding, Elo. Teised. Tallinn : Tuum, 2012 ; Mathura. Kumalasepäev. Lelle : Allikaäärne, 2012 ; Kadastik, Mart. Kevad saabub sügisel. Tallinn : Varrak, 2013 ; Mutt, Mihkel. Kooparahvas läheb ajalukku. Tallinn : Fabian, 2012 ; Hargla, Indrek. Apteeker Melchior ja Pirita kägistaja. Tallinn : Varrak, 2013 ; Raud, Rein. Rekonstruktsioon. Tallinn : Mustvalge Kirjastus, 2012 ; Toona, Elin. Into exile : a life story of war and peace. Woodsville (N.H.) : Lakeshore Press, 2013 ; Berg, Maimu. Moemaja. Tartu : Petrone Print, 2012 ; Kareva, Doris, Rooste, Jürgen. Elutants. Tallinn : Verb, 2013 ; Ehin, Kristiina. Paleontoloogi päevaraamat. Tartu : Petrone Print, 2013 ; Maria Lee. Stereomeetria. Tallinn : Verb, 2012

  2. Portrait of a Contender: Doris Marty-Albisser

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeannette Ørsted

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Our business model allows us to act as a business process outsourcing (BPO partner to our clients covering the entire range of language solutions up to insourcing the clients' in-housetranslation teams.

  3. Portrait of a Contender: Doris Marty-Albisser

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeannette Ørsted

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Our business model allows us to act as a business process outsourcing (BPO partner to our clients covering the entire range of language solutions up to insourcing the clients' in-housetranslation teams.

  4. Uloma Doris Onuoha Abstract This study investigated attitude to ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Uloma1

    The descriptive research approach was used for the study. The ... used methods were the use of Cloud (e.g. Dropbox) and social bookmarking sites. ... issues pertaining to plagiarism while students also endeavour to utilise .... among their peers. ... in the university network, personal USB ..... Plagiarism: the case of Malaysian.

  5. "Kontsert porgandipirukale" kandideerib Cartoon d'Or'i auhinnale

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Heiki Ernitsa ja Janno Põldma "Kontsert porgandipirukale" valiti Santiago de Compostelas (Hispaania) üleantava animafilmi auhinna Cartoon d'Or viie nominendi hulka. Loetletud ka konkureerivad filmid

  6. "Porgandipirukas" ei võitnud Cartoon d'Ori

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Heiki Ernitsa ja Janno Põldma "Kontsert porgandipirukale" valiti Santiago de Compostelas (Hispaania) üleantava animafilmi auhinna Cartoon d'Or viie nominendi hulka. Auhinna sai siiski Virgil Widrichi lühifilm "Kiire film" ("Fast Film") : Austria - Luksemburg 2003

  7. Las damas de Shanghai. Doris Lessing visita a Elizabeth Costello

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Izaguirre, Marian

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available África. El ancestral país de los zimbabwe. una granja de tres mil acres. Lo primero que existe son las paredes de barro y los techos de paja que se levantan provisionalmente y que luego se convierten en un hogar que hay que rehacer cada año después de las lluvias torrenciales. una niña deambula por las selvas y sabanas, sola con su fusil y un perro. Y luego esa niña se convierte en la joven oficinista de un bufete de abogados de Salisbury. El mundo de los colonos blancos. Vienen después el marxismo y los matrimonios fallidos. Y más tarde la huida a Europa. Inglaterra. Dos baúles, un hijo y 150 libras. El feminismo y la lucha política. La vida es como esa granja de Zimbabwe que hay que reconstruir cada año. La mujer de accidentada vida que nació en Persia y vivió en África se convierte en una escritora reconocida. Viaja. Asiste a congresos. Lucha para erradicar las desigualdades, es enérgica, vehemente, incansable. Ahora es una mujer de ochenta y ocho años que cuida de su hijo Peter y que combate (todavía en diferentes lizas: la ecología, la defensa de los animales, la lucha contra las guerras, las invasiones… Y se enfrenta a todo (incluso al terrible esfuerzo que trae consigo la concesión del Premio nobel con una vehemencia lúcida, la que produce haber entrado y salido con pasión y coherencia de los grandes ismos del siglo xx.

  8. Känslosvall från vindarnas land / Ann Lingebrandt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lingebrandt, Ann

    2008-01-01

    Arvustus: Rooste, Jürgen. Presidenten bor nånstans i närheten / översättning: Peeter Puide. Stockholm : Ellerströms, 2007 ; fs. 2007 / översättning: Peeter Puide. Stockholm : Ellerströms, 2007 ; Kruusa, Kalju. Mötesvis / översättning: Peeter Puide. Stockholm : Ellerströms, 2007 ; Estniska ballader / översättning: Ilmar Laaban. Stockholm : Ellerströms, 2007 ; Laaban, Ilmar. Palingarderomb. Stockholm : Ellerströms, 2007 ; Under, Marie. Gnistor i askan / översättning: Enel Melberg. Stockholm : Ellerströms, 2007 ; Wuolijoki, Hella. Sõngen om kriget / översättning: Enel Melberg. Stockholm : Ellerströms, 2007 ; Alver, Betti. Historien om den vita krõkan / översättning: Enel Melberg. Stockholm : Ellerströms, 2007 ; Kaplinski, Jaan. Nõgonstans vid värlends kant / översättning: Juris Kronbergs och Guntar Godị̧. Tollarp : Ariel skrifter, 2007 ; Kareva, Doris. Tidens gestalt / översättning: Peeter Puide. Stockholm : Ellerströms, 2007

  9. Short outlines of books by Estonian authors / Janika Kronberg, Rutt Hinrikus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kronberg, Janika, 1963-

    2003-01-01

    Talvet, Jüri. ElegÍa Estonia y otros poemas = Eesti eleegia ja teisi luuletusi / Spanish transl. by the author and Albert L̉zaro Tinaut. Ciudad de València : Palmart, 2002 ; Ehlvest, Jüri. Hobune eikuskilt. Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2002 ; Raudam, Toomas. Saint-Prousti vastu. Tallinn : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2002 ; Tode, Emil. Raadio. Tallinn : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2002 ; Vene, Ilmar. Pahustumine ehk Uusaja olemus. Tallinn : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2002 ; Annus, Epp. Kuidas kirjutada aega. Tallinn : Underi ja Tuglase Kirjanduskeskus, 2002 ; Lepik, Kalju. Valguse riie ei vanu. Kogutud luuletused 1938-1999 ; Barker, Matt. Waanenburgi tapatalgud. Tartu : EYS Veljesto, 2002 ; Kesküla, Kalev. Platoni riik. Tallinn : Tuum, 2002 ; Vahing, Vaino. Mängud ja kõnelused. Tallinn : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2002 ; Tuulik, Jüri. Üksik lind mere kohal. Tallinn : Maalehe Raamat, 2002 ; Tätte, Jaan. Näidendid. Tallinn : Maalehe Raamat, 2002 ; Kareva, Doris. Mandragora. Tallinn : Huma, 2002

  10. Literary awards 2002 / Piret Viires

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Viires, Piret, 1963-

    2003-01-01

    Riigi kultuuripreemia - Hando Runnel (elutööpreemia) ; Balti Assamblee kirjandusauhind - Jaan Tätte ("Sild" ja "Palju õnne argipäevaks") ; A. H. Tammsaare nim. romaaniauhind - Andrus Kivirähk ("Rehepapp") ; Eesti Kultuurkapitali aastapreemia - Aleksander Suuman ("Tondihobu tõugud vetikatega") ; Kultuurkapitali kirjanduse aastapreemiad: proosa - Jüri Ehlvest ("Hobune eikusagilt"), luule - Karl Martin Sinijärv ("Artutart & 39"), esseistika - Peeter Mudist ("Ratsukäik"), näitekirjandus - Vaino Vahing ("Mängud ja kõnelused"), lastekirjandus - Heino Kiik ("Kuresaapad"), tõlge eesti keelde - Mati Sirkel (Franz Kafka "Hiina müüri ehitamisel" tõlge), tõlge eesti keelest - Antoine Chalvin (Jaan Kaplinski "Le désir de la pousicre" tõlge), artiklipreemia - Tõnu Õnnepalu ("Kui... Küpsemine. Aleksander Suumani kaks luuletust ja üks raamat ("Meil siin Hüperboreas")", ilmus Loomingus, nr. 5-6), venekeelsete autorite kirjandusauhind - Mihhail Veller (viimase 10 aasta proosaloomingu eest) ; B. Alveri kirjandusauhind - Leo Kunnas ("Sõdurjumala teener") ja Ülar Ploom ("Üks ja kogu"); 2002. a. romaanivõistluse võitja - Nikolai Baturin ("Kentaur") ; A. H. Tammsaare nim. kirjanduspreemia - Elem Treier ("Tammsaare elu härra Hansenina") ; E. Vilde nim. kirjandusauhind - Doris Kareva ("Mandragora") ; F. Tuglase novelliauhind - Jüri Ehlvest ("Hobune eikusagilt", Looming, 2002, nr. 1) ja Jaan Undusk ("Armastus raamatu vastu", ilmus kogumikus "Puudutus"); Juhan Liivi luuleauhind - Andres Ehin (luuletus "sügaval maa all elavad...", Looming, 2002, nr. 4)

  11. On-line trigger processor in PETRA/DORIS experiments at DESY

    CERN Document Server

    ölschläger, R

    1981-01-01

    Data, presented at a poster session, on on-line trigger processing are given. Brief details of trigger processors at the detectors CELLO, TASSO and ARAUS are shown, including: general working method; IC technology; power consumption; logic elements for trigger decision; number of chambers; number of input wires; execution time; parameter variation; links to host computer; cost; test features. (0 refs).

  12. Participation in the ARGUS experiment at the DORIS collider at DESY, Hamburg, Germany

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Darden, C.

    1986-01-01

    Progress reported for 1985 includes publishing final results for investigation of F mesons. Particle decays were sought including a gamma line at 9.46 GeV. One such decay was Upsilon(1S)→γH 0 . A search for fractionally charged particles is reported. The muon pair branching ratio was determined for decays of the Upsilon(2S). Six anti-deuterons were seen in a data sample of over 720,000 electron-positron annihilation events. A clear D 0 signal was seen in the K + K - channel. Results were obtained for the radiative transitions from the Upsilon(2S) to the 1 3 P states of the banti-b system. Fifteen events were also seen which were interpreted to be the color suppressed decay of a B meson to J/psi. A new upper limit was set for the mass of the tau neutrino. A CAMAC booster was used to reduce dead time in the experiment. New preamplifiers raised the vertex drift chambers enough above the electromagnetic noise of the storage ring that it was no longer a problem. The performance of the inner compensation coils, storage ring, and main drift chamber are reported, as well as the time of flight, shower, and muon counters

  13. Blessings Amina Akporhonor (P.hD), Prof Doris O. Bozimo ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Department of Library and Information Science ... The term 'record' derives its origin from the Latin word 'recorderi' meaning to be mindful of, or to ... supplements human memory and serves as guide for effective planning and decision ... records. The step available to protect and preserve records will vary depending on.

  14. Vürstidest vallatud maailm / Doris Lessing ; inglise k. tlk. Jaan Undusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lessing, Doris, 1919-2013

    2005-01-01

    Arvustus: Kross, Jaan. Professor Martens' departure / transl. Anselm Hollo. London : Harvill, 1994. Inglise k.: A world ruled by princes // The Independent (1994) 19. veebr. Eesti k. varem ilmunud: Kultuurileht, 1994, 15. apr. Orig.: A world ruled by princes

  15. Gravity field and ocean tides modeling for precise orbit determination of doris satellites

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Štěpánek, P.; Bezděk, Aleš; Kostelecký, J.; Filler, V.

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 13, č. 1 (2016), s. 27-40 ISSN 1214-9705 R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LG14026 Grant - others:GA ČR(CZ) GC15-24730J Institutional support: RVO:67985815 Keywords : gravity field truncation degree * ocean tides * time variable gravity Subject RIV: BN - Astronomy, Celestial Mechanics, Astrophysics Impact factor: 0.699, year: 2016

  16. The well-being of employees in a South African agricultural research organisation / Doris Nkechiyem Asiwe

    OpenAIRE

    Asiwe, Doris Nkechiyem

    2014-01-01

    It is important that organisations are aware of factors that might affect the levels of well-being of employees, as employees are instrumental to the achievement of organisational goals. Well-being of employees can be conceptualised in terms of burnout and engagement. Studies have shown that different factors contribute to the employee experience of burnout and engagement. These factors include job demands and resources and psychological conditions (psychological meaningfulness, psychological...

  17. Võiti za porog / Boris Tuch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-

    2003-01-01

    G. Burke "Gagarini puiestee", lavastaja I. Vihmar, Vanalinnastuudio esietendus Zelluloosi vabaajakeskuses; D. Kareva luulekogul "Mandragora" põhinev Tallinna Linnateatri etendus Hobuveskis, lavastaja J. Rohumaa

  18. dory gastrointestinálního traktu. 2. část klinická

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Nekulová, M.; Šimíčková, M.; Pecen, Ladislav; Valík, D.; Vondráček, V.

    2000-01-01

    Roč. 2, č. 2 (2000), s. 50-55 ISSN 1335-5139 R&D Projects: GA MZd NC4780 Institutional research plan: AV0Z1030915 Keywords : tumor markers * indications for determinations * monitoring of therapeutic effects * algorithm for unknown primary tumor localization * prediction of disease developement Subject RIV: BB - Applied Statistics, Operational Research

  19. Doris Wastl-Walter: Gender Geographien. Geschlecht und Raum als soziale Konstruktionen. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag 2010.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dörte Segebart

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Das Buch ist eine kompakte Einführung in die geographische Geschlechterforschung, die alle relevanten aktuellen Debatten aufgreift. Das bislang erste Lehrbuch zum Thema fasst die theoretischen Grundlagen und methodischen Ansätze zur Analyse der Kategorien Geschlecht, Körper, Umwelt/Natur und Raum zusammen. Anhand von exemplarischen Themenkomplexen (z. B. Arbeit, Migration, Stadt, Ressourcennutzung wird die konkrete Anwendung der theoretischen Konzepte an zahlreichen empirischen Beispielen und Forschungsergebnissen aus der deutschsprachigen und internationalen geographischen Forschung verdeutlicht. Die Publikation ist ein lange fälliges Einführungswerk für Studierende und Wissenschaftler/-innen, die sich mit der räumlich-geographischen Dimension der Gender-Thematik auseinandersetzen.This book is a compact introduction into geographical Gender Studies, which addresses all relevant discussions. The thus far first textbook on this topic summarizes the theoretical foundations and the methodological approaches for the analysis of the categories gender, body, environment/nature, and space. Using exemplary topics (e.g. work, migration, city, resource utilization, the practical application of the theoretical concepts is illustrated with numerous empirical examples and research findings of German and international geographical research. This publication is a long overdue introductory work for students and researchers who deal with the spatial-geographical dimension of gender.

  20. Esimene koolipäev tuleb muusikavärviline / Arian Levin ; interv. Kadri Ratt, Doris-Katre Truuver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Levin, Arian

    2007-01-01

    Küsimustele bändielust vastavad 1. sept. Rakvere spordihallis koolinoorte huvimessil esinevad muusikud Arian Levin Def Räädust, Martin Teichmann Steelstormist ja Märt ning Mart Metsjõe The Sampsonicsist

  1. Saal. Ovaal. Salong. Gong / Erik Linnumägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Linnumägi, Erik, 1925-2004

    1996-01-01

    Tartu 'Vanemuise' ovaalsaalist ja seal toimuvatest salongiõhtutest. 'Mu kurbused on alasti' (I. Hirve luule); 'Lõpetamata romanss' (I. Bunin ja tema novell 'Zoika ja Valeria'); 'Elulootus' (D. Kareva, A. Alliksaare, J. Viidingu ning U. Masingu luule)

  2. CEA a CA 19-9 při monitorování nemocných s nádory kolorekta

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Šimíčková, M.; Pecen, Ladislav; Nekulová, M.; Vondráček, V.

    č. 1 (2001), s. 4-6 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR KSK1019101 Institutional research plan: AV0Z1030915 Keywords : recurrence prediction * colorectal tu * tumor markers Subject RIV: BB - Applied Statistics, Operational Research

  3. dory pankreatu a indikace vyšetření nádorových markerů

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Nekulová, M.; Pecen, Ladislav; Topolčan, O.; Šimíčková, M.; Valík, D.; Vondráček, V.

    č. 1 (2001), s. 7-9 R&D Projects: GA MZd NC6405; GA MZd NC4746; GA MZd NC4780 Institutional research plan: AV0Z1030915 Keywords : pankreatic tu * tumor markers * optimal cut off Subject RIV: BB - Applied Statistics, Operational Research

  4. Elukutselise võistkonnasportlase töösuhte erisused : [magistritöö] / Doris Reva ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja Merle Muda

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reva, Doris

    2010-01-01

    Elukutselise võistkonnasportlase tegevuse õiguslikust reguleerimisest, tööõigussuhtele iseloomulikest tunnustest elukutselise võistkonnasportlase tegevuses, töölepingu regulatsiooni kohaldamise probleemidest

  5. Producing explicit UPSILON flavor in e/sup +/e/sup -/ annihilation at DORIS energies. [neutral currents, cross section, signature, 15 to 20 MeV

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Genz, H [Karlsruhe Univ. (TH) (Germany, F.R.). Inst. fuer Theoretische Kernphysik; Gorn, M [Karlsruhe Univ. (TH) (Germany, F.R.)

    1978-07-31

    If the neutral currents changing the flavor implicit in the UPSILON(9.5) are not suppressed, vector mesons with explicit UPSILON flavor should be produced in e/sup +/e/sup -/ annihilation at up to two e/sup +/e/sup -/ energies between ..sqrt..s approximately 5 - 6.5 GeV with a cross section sigma (peak, averaged over 7 MeV beam resolution) approximately 0.25% of sigma(e/sup +/e/sup -/..--> mu../sup +/..mu../sup -/). The signature would be monochromatic ..gamma.. lines with Esub(..gamma..)approximately 50-150 MeV, probably together with K production. Explicit flavor of a (anti QQ)sub(V) at 30 GeV would be produced at ..sqrt..s approximately 15-16 and ..sqrt..s approximately 20 GeV with sigmasup(averaged)sub(peak) approximately 3% and 5% of sigmasub(..mu../sup +/..mu../sup -/) with GAMMAsub(beam) = 27 and 48 MeV, respectively. The signature would be the same as above.

  6. A framework for remission in SLE : Consensus findings from a large international task force on definitions of remission in SLE (DORIS)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Vollenhoven, Ronald F.; Voskuyl, Alexandre E.; Bertsias, George K.; Aranow, Cynthia; Aringer, Martin; Arnaud, Laurent; Askanase, Anca; Balazova, Petra; Bonfa, Eloisa; Bootsma, Hendrika; Boumpas, Dimitrios T.; Bruce, Ian N.; Cervera, Ricard; Clarke, Ann; Coney, Cindy; Costedoat-Chalumeau, Nathalie; Czirjak, Laszlo; Derksen, Ronald; Doria, Andrea; Doerner, Thomas; Fischer-Betz, Rebecca; Fritsch-Stork, Ruth; Gordon, Caroline; Graninger, Winfried; Gyori, Noemi; Houssiau, Frederic A.; Isenberg, David A.; Jacobsen, Soren; Jayne, David; Kuhn, Annegret; Le Guern, Veronique; Lerstrom, Kirsten; Levy, Roger; Machado-Ribeiro, Francinne; Mariette, Xavier; Missaykeh, Jamil; Morand, Eric; Mosca, Marta; Inanc, Murat; Navarra, Sandra; Neumann, Irmgard; Olesinska, Marzena; Petri, Michelle; Rahman, Anisur; Rekvig, Ole Petter; Rovensky, Jozef; Shoenfeld, Yehuda; Smolen, Josef S.; Tincani, Angela; Urowitz, Murray; van Leeuw, Bernadette; Vasconcelos, Carlos; Voss, Anne; Werth, Victoria P.; Zakharova, Helena; Zoma, Asad; Schneider, Matthias; Ward, Michael

    Objectives Treat-to-target recommendations have identified `remission' as a target in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), but recognise that there is no universally accepted definition for this. Therefore, we initiated a process to achieve consensus on potential definitions for remission in SLE.

  7. A framework for remission in SLE: consensus findings from a large international task force on definitions of remission in SLE (DORIS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Vollenhoven, Ronald; Voskuyl, Alexandre; Bertsias, George; Aranow, Cynthia; Aringer, Martin; Arnaud, Laurent; Askanase, Anca; Balážová, Petra; Bonfa, Eloisa; Bootsma, Hendrika; Boumpas, Dimitrios; Bruce, Ian; Cervera, Ricard; Clarke, Ann; Coney, Cindy; Costedoat-Chalumeau, Nathalie; Czirják, László; Derksen, Ronald; Doria, Andrea; Dörner, Thomas; Fischer-Betz, Rebecca; Fritsch-Stork, Ruth; Gordon, Caroline; Graninger, Winfried; Györi, Noémi; Houssiau, Frédéric; Isenberg, David; Jacobsen, Soren; Jayne, David; Kuhn, Annegret; Le Guern, Veronique; Lerstrøm, Kirsten; Levy, Roger; Machado-Ribeiro, Francinne; Mariette, Xavier; Missaykeh, Jamil; Morand, Eric; Mosca, Marta; Inanc, Murat; Navarra, Sandra; Neumann, Irmgard; Olesinska, Marzena; Petri, Michelle; Rahman, Anisur; Rekvig, Ole Petter; Rovensky, Jozef; Shoenfeld, Yehuda; Smolen, Josef; Tincani, Angela; Urowitz, Murray; van Leeuw, Bernadette; Vasconcelos, Carlos; Voss, Anne; Werth, Victoria P; Zakharova, Helena; Zoma, Asad; Schneider, Matthias; Ward, Michael

    2017-03-01

    Treat-to-target recommendations have identified 'remission' as a target in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), but recognise that there is no universally accepted definition for this. Therefore, we initiated a process to achieve consensus on potential definitions for remission in SLE. An international task force of 60 specialists and patient representatives participated in preparatory exercises, a face-to-face meeting and follow-up electronic voting. The level for agreement was set at 90%. The task force agreed on eight key statements regarding remission in SLE and three principles to guide the further development of remission definitions:1. Definitions of remission will be worded as follows: remission in SLE is a durable state characterised by …………………. (reference to symptoms, signs, routine labs).2. For defining remission, a validated index must be used, for example, clinical systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index (SLEDAI)=0, British Isles lupus assessment group (BILAG) 2004 D/E only, clinical European consensus lupus outcome measure (ECLAM)=0; with routine laboratory assessments included, and supplemented with physician's global assessment.3. Distinction is made between remission off and on therapy: remission off therapy requires the patient to be on no other treatment for SLE than maintenance antimalarials; and remission on therapy allows patients to be on stable maintenance antimalarials, low-dose corticosteroids (prednisone ≤5 mg/day), maintenance immunosuppressives and/or maintenance biologics.The task force also agreed that the most appropriate outcomes (dependent variables) for testing the prognostic value (construct validity) of potential remission definitions are: death, damage, flares and measures of health-related quality of life. The work of this international task force provides a framework for testing different definitions of remission against long-term outcomes. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.

  8. Köitekunstist pärikarva / Maarja Undusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Undusk, Maarja

    2000-01-01

    Rahvusvahelisest köitekunsti ja kalligraafianäirusest "Scripta manent II" Tallinna Kunstihoones. Miks valiti tekstiautoreiks J. Kaplinski ja D. Kareva. Peeter Brambati ja Peep Laansalu videofilmis näidatakse köiteid ka seestpoolt. Filmi muusika - Peeter Vähi

  9. La acción artística y la interacción entre la memoria individual y colectiva: el caso de Sumando ausencias de la artista Doris Salcedo

    OpenAIRE

    Díaz Contreras, Paula Angélica

    2017-01-01

    En el marco del triunfo del “No” en el plebiscito para la refrendación del acuerdo de paz en Colombia, una parte significativa de la población colombiana inició una serie de movilizaciones con el fin de presionar al equipo negociador y al gobierno colombiano para que la fase de implementación de dichos acuerdos se iniciara en el menor tiempo posible. Dentro de dichas movilizaciones, se encuentra la acción artística Sumando ausencias, una “acción de duelo” colectiva organizada por la artista c...

  10. Utváření vesnických normových půdorysů na Olomoucku ve středověku a novověku

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Dohnal, Martin; Škabrada, J.

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 102, č. 2 (2015), s. 199-232 ISSN 0009-0794 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP410/11/1287 Keywords : village * settlement * urbanism * Middle Ages * Modern Era Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  11. Participation in the ARGUS experiment at the DORIS Collider at Desy, Hamburg, Germany and participation in the AMY experiment at the TRISTAN Collider in Tsukuba, Japan: 1986 progress report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Darden, C.

    1987-01-01

    Progress is reported on the AMY and ARGUS detectors, as well as plans for the next funding period. The AMY detector is reported as well on the way to completion, but not yet ready to take data. The ARGUS detector is reported to have completed its fourth year of operation. Some upsilon 1S decay data are discussed. 37 refs

  12. Activation of mTor Signaling by Gene Transduction to Induce Axon Regeneration in the Central Nervous System Following Neural Injury

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-08-01

    Presentations 1. Padmanabhan S , Kareva T, Kholodilov N, Burke RE. Gene therapy for axon protection and restoration in Parkinson’s disease ...Degeneration in Parkinson Disease . Journal of Parkinson’s Disease . 2016, 6:1-15. Kurowska Z, Kordower JH, Stoessl AJ, Burke R, Brundin P, Yue Z, Brady ST...Milbrandt J, Trapp BD, Sherer TB, Medicetty S . Is axonal degeneration a key early event in Parkinson’s disease ? Journal of Parkinson’s Disease

  13. Horizontal and Vertical Velocities Derived from the IDS Contribution to ITRF2014, and Comparisons with Geophysical Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreaux, G.; Lemoine, F. G.; Argus, D. F.; Santamaria-Gomez, A.; Willis, P.; Soudarin, L.; Gravelle, M.; Ferrage, P.

    2016-01-01

    In the context of the 2014 realization of the International Terrestrial Reference Frame (ITRF2014), the International DORIS Service (IDS) has delivered to the IERS a set of 1140 weekly SINEX files including station coordinates and Earth orientation parameters, covering the time period from 1993.0 to 2015.0. From this set of weekly SINEX files, the IDS Combination Center estimated a cumulative DORIS position and velocity solution to obtain mean horizontal and vertical motion of 160 stations at 71 DORIS sites. The main objective of this study is to validate the velocities of the DORIS sites by comparison with external models or time series. Horizontal velocities are compared with two recent global plate models (GEODVEL 2010 and NNR-MORVEL56). Prior to the comparisons, DORIS horizontal velocities were corrected for Global Isostatic Adjustment (GIA) from the ICE-6G (VM5a) model. For more than half of the sites, the DORIS horizontal velocities differ from the global plate models by less than 2-3 mm/yr. For five of the sites (Arequipa, Dionysos/Gavdos, Manila, Santiago) with horizontal velocity differences wrt these models larger than 10 mm/yr, comparisons with GNSS estimates show the veracity of the DORIS motions. Vertical motions from the DORIS cumulative solution are compared with the vertical velocities derived from the latest GPS cumulative solution over the time span 1995.0-2014.0 from the University of La Rochelle (ULR6) solution at 31 co-located DORIS-GPS sites. These two sets of vertical velocities show a correlation coefficient of 0.83. Vertical differences are larger than 2 mm/yr at 23 percent of the sites. At Thule the disagreement is explained by fine-tuned DORIS discontinuities in line with the mass variations of outlet glaciers. Furthermore, the time evolution of the vertical time series from the DORIS station in Thule show similar trends to the GRACE equivalent water height.

  14. Extracellular Matrix Biomarkers for Diagnosis, Prognosis, Imaging, and Targeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-09-01

    collaboration with the Lindquist lab. Funding Support: Please see previously provided other support and changes noted below. Name: Doris Tabassum ...Project: Doris Tabassum has generated cell line models of heterogeneity with different metastatic capability. Additional funds from Dr. Polyak’s grants

  15. G. Harman 與J. Doris 社會心理學情境論與德行倫理學的品格辯論及其對品格教育的啟示 Social Psychological Situationism vs. Virtue Ethics: A Debate about Character and Its Implications for Character Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    陳伊琳 Yi-Lin Chen

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available 近來備受討論的品格辯論與品格教育密切相關,因為受到社會心理學情境論的實驗結果所啟發的一派哲學家試圖挑戰Aristotle 的品格觀,而後者正是當代品格教育主要的哲學基礎。面對情境論的挑戰,致力維護Aristotle 品格觀的德行倫理學家表示,情境論所操弄的行為主義式的品格觀是有問題的,在完全以外顯行為與跨情境的行為一致性做為觀察重點,卻忽視行動者內在道德心理的情況下,它非但無法適當反映,遑論測試Aristotle 整體論式的品格觀,甚至有誤將品格特質化約成行為的氣質性傾向之虞,因而扭曲品格的本質。儘管情境論的挑戰並未成功,但它對品格教育至少有如下五點啟示,包括:一、品格教育需關照(道德)品格的完整內涵―外顯行為與內在道德心理;二、基本歸因偏誤彰顯品格特質歸因與評量的難度與複雜性;三、完整的品格特質的罕見性促使我們反省品格特質歸因與評量的適當用詞;四、情境因素微妙的行為影響力有助於解釋道德現象及改善道德行動;五、情境管理與品格建構應被視為促成道德行為的夥伴。 The currently heated debate about character is highly relevant to character education, since a camp of philosophers inspired by the empirical findings of situationism in social psychology purport to question an Aristotelian conception of character which fuels contemporary character education. This challenge is countered by some virtue ethicists who respond that this behaviourist conception of character is problematic .Overwhelmingly focusing on one’s overt behaviour at the cost of his moral psychology, it risk reducing character traits to mere behavioural dispositions. In addition to, distorting the nature of character, it does not have sufficient resources to represent and even test a more appropriate holistic Aristotelian conception of character. Despite its failure, situationism does indeed have some practical implications for character education. Firstly, character education must consider the concept of (moral character to the full -that is, both its behavioural dimension and the subject’s moral psychology and functioning. Secondly, the fundamental attribution error highlights the difficulty and complexity of making character trait attributions and evaluations. Thirdly, the empirical rarity of global character traits compels one to reflect on what the appropriate language is in which character trait attributions and evaluations can be made. Fourthly, the subtle influence of some situational factors on behavior helps explain some moral phenomena and improve moral action. Finally, situation management and character construction are collaborative in promoting moral behaviour.

  16. Golte Jürgen y Doris León Gabriel, Alasitas: discursos, prácticas y símbolos de un « liberalismo aymara altiplánico » entre la población de origen mi

    OpenAIRE

    Sendón, Pablo F.

    2016-01-01

    Las alasitas son pequeños objetos que adoptan una asombrosa variedad de formas y son adquiridos en ferias o mercados de origen altiplánico por personas deseosas de incrementar sus bienes y patrimonio. Es decir, si un individuo busca conseguir un medio de transporte, aumentar su riqueza o ascender en la pirámide social puede comprar alasitas con la forma de automóviles, billetes y títulos universitarios para hacer realidad sus deseos. En cierta manera este tipo de práctica parecería estar rela...

  17. Cytomegalovirus retinitis and HIV: Case reviews from KwaZulu ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    untreated, CMV retinitis can progress to retinal detachment with ... 1 Centre for the AIDS Programme of Research in South Africa (CAPRISA), Doris .... [18] Ocular TB .... patients for publication of these case reviews and accompanying images.

  18. Whose Food Revolution? Perspectives from a Food Service Training Academy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doris Friedensohn

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Article is on the Food Service Academy of the Community Foodbank of NJ where she lectures. Article was written by Doris Friedensohn initially for RT panel at Left Forum. There are also 4 photos.

  19. Relapse to opioid use in opioid-dependent individuals released from compulsory drug detention centres compared with those from voluntary methadone treatment centres in Malaysia: a two-arm, prospective observational study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin P Wegman, BSc

    2017-02-01

    Funding: The World Bank Group, Doris Duke Charitable Foundation, National Institute on Drug Abuse, Australian National Health & Medical Research Council, National Institute of Mental Health, and the University of Malaya-Malaysian Ministry of Higher Education High Impact Research Grant.

  20. B mesons: Beauty without charm

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    1990-03-15

    'Charmless' B decays were observed last year by the CLEO and ARGUS experiments at the CESR and DORIS electron-positron rings at Cornell and DESY, Hamburg, which provides important new input for the six-quark picture.

  1. Direct Questioning of Genital Symptoms: Increasing Opportunities ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Bioline

    prompted and pelvic examination findings of genital symptoms. Against the ... Correspondence to: ABM Kharsany CAPRISA 2nd Floor Doris Duke Medical Research Institute Nelson R Mandela ..... training efforts should focus on health care.

  2. Kantsler lapsendas lastekodust tüdruku / Tõnis Erilaid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Erilaid, Tõnis, 1943-

    2004-01-01

    Saksamaa kantsler Gerhard Schröder ja tema abikaasa adopteerisid Peterburi lastekodulapse. Doris Schröder-Köpf juhib abiprogrammi, mille eesmärk on parandada lastekodude ja tänavalaste olukorda Peterburis

  3. Tokyo / Karin Thea

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karin, Thea

    2013-01-01

    Tokyo vaatamisväärtused: Sky Tree teletorn, Takeshita Dori jalakäijate tänav, Asakusa linnaosa, The Gate Hotel, Tokyo metroo, Ryogoku Kokugikan, Nippon Kasgaku Miraikan ning Jaapani suurim kalaturg Tsukiji

  4. Horizontal and vertical velocities derived from the IDS contribution to ITRF2014, and comparisons with geophysical models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreaux, G.; Lemoine, F. G.; Argus, D. F.; Santamaría-Gómez, A.; Willis, P.; Soudarin, L.; Gravelle, M.; Ferrage, P.

    2016-10-01

    In the context of the 2014 realization of the International Terrestrial Reference Frame, the International DORIS (Doppler Orbitography Radiopositioning Integrated by Satellite) Service (IDS) has delivered to the IERS a set of 1140 weekly SINEX files including station coordinates and Earth orientation parameters, covering the time period from 1993.0 to 2015.0. From this set of weekly SINEX files, the IDS combination centre estimated a cumulative DORIS position and velocity solution to obtain mean horizontal and vertical motion of 160 stations at 71 DORIS sites. The main objective of this study is to validate the velocities of the DORIS sites by comparison with external models or time-series. Horizontal velocities are compared with two recent global plate models (GEODVEL 2010 and NNR-MORVEL56). Prior to the comparisons, DORIS horizontal velocities were corrected for Global Isostatic Adjustment from the ICE-6G (VM5a) model. For more than half of the sites, the DORIS horizontal velocities differ from the global plate models by less than 2-3 mm yr-1. For five of the sites (Arequipa, Dionysos/Gavdos, Manila and Santiago) with horizontal velocity differences with respect to these models larger than 10 mm yr-1, comparisons with GNSS estimates show the veracity of the DORIS motions. Vertical motions from the DORIS cumulative solution are compared with the vertical velocities derived from the latest GPS cumulative solution over the time span 1995.0-2014.0 from the University of La Rochelle solution at 31 co-located DORIS-GPS sites. These two sets of vertical velocities show a correlation coefficient of 0.83. Vertical differences are larger than 2 mm yr-1 at 23 percent of the sites. At Thule, the disagreement is explained by fine-tuned DORIS discontinuities in line with the mass variations of outlet glaciers. Furthermore, the time evolution of the vertical time-series from the DORIS station in Thule show similar trends to the GRACE equivalent water height.

  5. DESY scientific annual report 1987

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1988-05-01

    This annual report contains a short description of the organization of DESY, extended abstracts concerning the experimental studies at the PETRA and DORIS storage rings, the development of the ZEUS detector, synchrotron-radiation experiments, theory of elementary particles, development of counting electronics, technical developments of the HERA, DORIS II and PETRA II storage rings and the DESY II respectively DESY I/III synchrotron, radiation protection, as well as data processing, and a list of speeches, publications, and theses. (HSI)

  6. DPOD2005: An extension of ITRF2005 for Precise Orbit Determination

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willis, P.; Ries, J. C.; Zelensky, N. P.; Soudarin, L.; Fagard, H.; Pavlis, E. C.; Lemoine, F. G.

    2009-09-01

    For Precise Orbit Determination of altimetry missions, we have computed a data set of DORIS station coordinates defined for specific time intervals called DPOD2005. This terrestrial reference set is an extension of ITRF2005. However, it includes all new DORIS stations and is more reliable, as we disregard stations with large velocity formal errors as they could contaminate POD computations in the near future. About 1/4 of the station coordinates need to be defined as they do not appear in the original ITRF2005 realization. These results were verified with available DORIS and GPS results, as the integrity of DPOD2005 is almost as critical as its accuracy. Besides station coordinates and velocities, we also provide additional information such as periods for which DORIS data should be disregarded for specific DORIS stations, and epochs of coordinate and velocity discontinuities (related to either geophysical events, equipment problem or human intervention). The DPOD model was tested for orbit determination for TOPEX/Poseidon (T/P), Jason-1 and Jason-2. Test results show DPOD2005 offers improvement over the original ITRF2005, improvement that rapidly and significantly increases after 2005. Improvement is also significant for the early T/P cycles indicating improved station velocities in the DPOD2005 model and a more complete station set. Following 2005 the radial accuracy and centering of the ITRF2005-original orbits rapidly degrades due to station loss.

  7. Development of web tools to disseminate space geodesy data-related products

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soudarin, Laurent; Ferrage, Pascale; Mezerette, Adrien

    2015-04-01

    In order to promote the products of the DORIS system, the French Space Agency CNES has developed and implemented on the web site of the International DORIS Service (IDS) a set of plot tools to interactively build and display time series of site positions, orbit residuals and terrestrial parameters (scale, geocenter). An interactive global map is also available to select sites, and to get access to their information. Besides the products provided by the CNES Orbitography Team and the IDS components, these tools allow comparing time evolutions of coordinates for collocated DORIS and GNSS stations, thanks to the collaboration with the Terrestrial Frame Combination Center of the International GNSS Service (IGS). A database was created to improve robustness and efficiency of the tools, with the objective to propose a complete web service to foster data exchange with the other geodetic services of the International Association of Geodesy (IAG). The possibility to visualize and compare position time series of the four main space geodetic techniques DORIS, GNSS, SLR and VLBI is already under way at the French level. A dedicated version of these web tools has been developed for the French Space Geodesy Research Group (GRGS). It will give access to position time series provided by the GRGS Analysis Centers involved in DORIS, GNSS, SLR and VLBI data processing for the realization of the International Terrestrial Reference Frame. In this presentation, we will describe the functionalities of these tools, and we will address some aspects of the time series (content, format).

  8. DESY annual report of scientific activities 1981

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1981-01-01

    This annual report contains short descriptions of the experiments at the storage rings PETRA and DORIS together with the experiments with the European Muon-collaboration, the experiments with the sychrotron radiation, the studies of theoretical physics, the developments of detectors and counting electronics, and the development of data processing in medicine, descriptions of the current status of the storage rings PETRA and DORIS and the synchrotron together with the radiation protection and the planning of the HERA storage ring, descriptions of the data processing systems and new developments in cryogenics, as well a list of publications and speeches. (HSI) [de

  9. DESY compact 2010. Highlights and annual report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2011-01-01

    The following topics are dealt with: DESY, DORIS, the synchrotron radiation source PETRA III, the FLASH free-electron laser, the European XFEL, new concepts for free-electron lasers, special electron sources, the relativistic electron gun REGAE for atomic explorations, research with photons at FLASH, DORIS III, and PETRA III, the center for free-electron laser science CFEL, nano- and material sciences, molecular biology, HERA, Helmholt-alliance, LHC experiments, R and D activities for the ILC, elementary-particle theory, astroparticle physics, the DESY-GRID center, the ALPS and OLYMPUS experiments, cooperation with the Hambuge University, technology transfer, cooperation with industry. (HSI)

  10. DESY compact 2010. Highlights and annual report; DESY kompakt 2010. Highlights und Jahresbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-12-02

    The following topics are dealt with: DESY, DORIS, the synchrotron radiation source PETRA III, the FLASH free-electron laser, the European XFEL, new concepts for free-electron lasers, special electron sources, the relativistic electron gun REGAE for atomic explorations, research with photons at FLASH, DORIS III, and PETRA III, the center for free-electron laser science CFEL, nano- and material sciences, molecular biology, HERA, Helmholt-alliance, LHC experiments, R and D activities for the ILC, elementary-particle theory, astroparticle physics, the DESY-GRID center, the ALPS and OLYMPUS experiments, cooperation with the Hambuge University, technology transfer, cooperation with industry. (HSI)

  11. Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY. Scientific annual report 1991

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1991-11-01

    The scientific annual report 1991 presented by DESY again is a very detailed summary of the activities. The HERA activities reported for the most part deal with the preparatory work for the scientific programme for electron-proton collisions in HERA, and with the modified DORIS III electron-positron storage ring. But at the time this annual report will have been published, the physics studies at HERA will have yielded the first and certainly interesting scientific results, and there also are scientific results available of experiments with the newly installed beam guides in DORIS. (orig.) [de

  12. DESY: ARGUS looks at the tau neutrino

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1991-01-01

    As well as contributing important results on B mesons (particles carrying the fifth - 'beauty' - quark), the ARGUS detector at DESY's DORIS II electron-positron storage ring also specializes in the third generation of weakly interacting particles (leptons), with data on about half a million examples of electron-positron collisions producing pairs of tau particles

  13. Human fecal source identification with real-time quantitative PCR

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waterborne diseases represent a significant public health risk worldwide, and can originate from contact with water contaminated with human fecal material. We describe a real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) method that targets a Bacteroides dori human-associated genetic marker for...

  14. Filmifestival ootab dokfilme uudistama / Berit Toodo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Toodo, Berit

    2008-01-01

    Pärnu 22. dokumentaal- ja antropoloogiafilmide festivali kulgemisest, probleemidest filmide näitamise paikade ja tehnikaga, näidatavate filmide tutvustusi - ameeriklase Robert Harding Pittmani "Tamm nr. 419", Doris Tromballa ja Florian Guthknechti "Elu tulvavees", hollandlase Jos de Putteri "Enne üleujutust"

  15. 19 CFR Appendix to Part 102 - Textile and Apparel Manufacturer Identification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Morich Indo Fashion.” In Russia, other prefixes are used, such as “JSC,” “OAO,” “OOO,” and “ZAO.” These..., Sidney, Australia; AUCARJON88SID N. MINAMI & CO., LTD., 2-6, 8-Chome Isogami-Dori, Fukiai-Ku, Kobe, Japan...

  16. Scientific annual report 1979 DESY

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this annaual report the experiments at the storage rings PETRA and DORIS as well at the other DESY accelerators together with the synchrotron radiation experiments are described. Furthermore some developments in data processing in medicine and new detection methods are considered. In addition a list of publications and speeches is given. (HSI) [de

  17. Research in high energy physics. Final report, July 1976-December 1984

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1984-01-01

    The results are briefly given from the Lead Glass Wall Experiment at SPEAR and the Free Quark Search Experiment at PEP. More detailed information is given on the Studies of Bottomonium with the Crystal Ball Detector at DORIS II and Studies of Radiative Decays of the Psi-prime with the Crystal Ball Detector at SPEAR. 40 refs., 7 figs

  18. Argus-Fest. 20 years of B meson mixing 1987-2007. Proceedings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lehner, F; Faverot-Spengler, S [eds.

    2007-11-15

    The following topics were dealt with: ARGUS data, launching DORIS and ARGUS, B physics, discovery of B mixing, sociology of the ARGUS collaboration, CLEO B physics, from ARGUS to B-meson factories, the B factory era, B physics at the Tevatron, future of B physics programs, future of flavour physics. (HSI)

  19. Argus-Fest. 20 years of B meson mixing 1987-2007. Proceedings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lehner, F.; Faverot-Spengler, S.

    2007-11-01

    The following topics were dealt with: ARGUS data, launching DORIS and ARGUS, B physics, discovery of B mixing, sociology of the ARGUS collaboration, CLEO B physics, from ARGUS to B-meson factories, the B factory era, B physics at the Tevatron, future of B physics programs, future of flavour physics. (HSI)

  20. One Family's Journey: Medical Home and the Network of Supports It Offers Children and Youth with Special Health Care Needs. Part One

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacDonald, Sarah; Gatto, Molly; Walker, Deb; Turchi, Renee

    2007-01-01

    This is the first article in a year long series that presents the experiences of a fictitious couple, Amita and Samir, as they learn to adapt to the reality of having a premature baby with special needs. Doris, the fictitious nurse who took care of baby Anjali in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), has had ten years of experience working in…

  1. Recent experiments at DESY

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fluegge, G.

    1979-05-01

    After a short introduction into e + e - machines the author concentrate on the third generation of particles: the heavy lepton tau and the Upsilons. In the second part the various aspects of event topologies in the DORIS energy range will be discussed and in the final chapter the physics at PETRA is described. (WL)

  2. A Situationist Lesson for Character Education: Re-Conceptualising the Inculcation of Virtues by Converting Local Virtues to More Global Ones

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Yi-Lin

    2015-01-01

    Inspired by the debate about character between situationism and virtue ethics, I argue that John Doris's idea, "local trait", offers a fresh insight into contemporary character education. Its positive variant, "local virtue", signals an inescapable relay station of the gradual development of virtue, and serves as a promising…

  3. Muusikamaail. "Musica nova" Helsingis. Händeli festival Karlsruhes. Ooperikonkurss algas. Preemiaid ja tunnustusi. Ka Parmas uus ooperimaja. / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2002-01-01

    Soomes toimuvast uue muusika festivalist. Händeli festivalist Karlsruhes. Üle-euroopalisest noorte ooperilauljate konkursist. Ooperilaulja Doris Soffel sai Rootsi riigilt Kuningliku Põhjatähe ordeni. Sebastian Baumgarten sai ooperi "Tosca" eest noore režissööri preemia. Parmas valmis uus ooperimaja

  4. Prognostic capabilities and agreement of three different scores in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hernando Pinzó-Redondo, Andrea Zarate-Vergara, Katherine Barrios-Redondo, Cesar Munoza, Ángel Guzmán, Dorys Morales-Payares, Nelson ... The sensitivity and specificity of each score value in diagnosing appendicitis were estimated through the area under the receiver operative characteristics curve (AUC).

  5. Automatic Generation of Issue Maps: Structured, Interactive Outputs for Complex Information Needs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-01

    Le Song, Gaurav Veda , Yisong Yue, Brian Ziebart, and sum- mer intern Doris Xin. Special thanks to Yisong (for screaming at the taxi driver and for a...events/symposium2010. (document), 7.5, 7.8 K El-Arini, G Veda , D Shahaf, and C Guestrin. Turning down the noise in the blogosphere. In KDD ’09, 2009

  6. Proceedings of Colloquium 110 of the International Astronomical Union on Library and Information Services in Astronomy Held in Washington, DC on 26 July- 1 August 1988

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-01-01

    executive overview, IBM System Service, Stuttgart. 2. Doyen, P., 1987. Analyse d’opportunite et aspects fonctionnels d’une gestion integree par un systeme...Inst. di Astron. Tucson, AZ 85726-6732 Campus do Vale Citta. Universitaria 90049 Porto Alegre RS Viale A. Doris Mo. Vagiawari Alladi BRAZIL 1-95125

  7. Synchrotron radiation facilities at DESY, a status report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Koch, E.E.

    1979-12-01

    A short summary of the developments which have led to the present extensive use of Synchrotron Radiation at DESY is presented and a description of the Synchrotron Radiation facilities presently available and under development is given with emphasis on the new HASYLAB project at the storage ring DORIS. (orig.) 891 HSI/orig. 892 MKO

  8. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Onuoha, Uloma Doris. Vol 4, No 1 (2013) - Articles Information seeking behaviour of pregnant women in selected hospitals of Ibadan Metropolis Abstract PDF · Vol 7, No 1 (2016) - Articles Attitude to plagiarism and the personal information management behaviour of undergraduates at Babcock University, Nigeria

  9. Hartebeesthoek Radio Astronomy Observatory (HartRAO)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nickola, Marisa; Gaylard, Mike; Quick, Jonathan; Combrinck, Ludwig

    2013-01-01

    HartRAO provides the only fiducial geodetic site in Africa, and it participates in global networks for VLBI, GNSS, SLR, and DORIS. This report provides an overview of geodetic VLBI activities at HartRAO during 2012, including the conversion of a 15-m alt-az radio telescope to an operational geodetic VLBI antenna.

  10. Annual report 1982 of the 2. Institut fuer Experimentalphysik of Hamburg Univ

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1982-12-01

    This annual report contains short descriptions of the work done at the named Institute together with a list of publications and theses. The works concern studies on hyperfine structure by Moessbauer spectroscopy an νν angular correlation measurements, experiments with synchrotron radiation, experiments at the storage rings DORIS and PETRA, and neutrino experiments at CERN. (HSI) [de

  11. "Sê sjibbolet": 'n intertekstuele lees | van Wyk | Tydskrif vir letterkunde

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Sê sjibbolet: an intertextual reading. This article pursues an intertextual reading of Adam Small's collection of poetry Sê sjibbolet (“Say shibboleth”). The collection is read alongside texts that refer to “shibboleth” in their titles i.e. works by Paul Celan, Jacques Derrida and Doris Salcedo. The analysis draws on the readings ...

  12. Egyptian Journal of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology (The) - Vol 6 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Relation between obesity, lipid profile, leptin and atopic disorders in children · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Lerine B Eldin, Hanan A Algamal, Gada F El-Dory, Mona Rashad, Soha E El Arab, Nibal A Abo Alella ...

  13. Public Relations History Misses "Her Story."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Creedon, Pamela J.

    1989-01-01

    Examines coverage of women in 10 recent public relations textbooks. Finds that every book except 1 mentioned at least one woman by name in its public relations history section. Argues that the history of public relations should be written to include more women, such as the public relations pioneer Doris E. Fleischman. (MM)

  14. X-ray sources

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bonse, U.

    1979-11-01

    The author describes several possibilities for the production of X-radiation. Especially he discusses the use of bremsstrahlung at electron impact on solid targets and the synchrotron radiation. He presents some equations for the calculation of X-ray intensities. Especially the X-radiation from the DORIS storage ring is discussed. (HSI)

  15. 78 FR 37741 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; California; South Coast; Contingency Measures...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-24

    ... deliver: Marty Robin, Office of Air Planning (AIR- 2), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Region 9, 75... INFORMATION CONTACT: Doris Lo, Air Planning Office (AIR-2), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 9... statute precludes a State from implementing such measures before they are triggered. See, e.g., LEAN v...

  16. B mesons: Beauty without charm

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1990-01-01

    'Charmless' B decays were observed last year by the CLEO and ARGUS experiments at the CESR and DORIS electron-positron rings at Cornell and DESY, Hamburg, which provides important new input for the six-quark picture

  17. Scientific annual report 1973

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A report is given on the scientific research at DESY in 1973, which included the first storage of electrons in the double storage ring DORIS. Also mentioned are the two large spectrometers PLUTO and DASP, and experiments relating to elementary particles, synchrotron radiation, and the improvement of the equipment are described. (WL/AK) [de

  18. Mitmevärvilised mõtisklused / Aita Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivi, Aita, 1954-

    2000-01-01

    Sisu : Doris Lessing. Kuldne märkmeraamat; Rein Raud. Pisiasjad, mis omavad tähtsust; Italo Calvino. Palomar; Saul Bellow. Vihmakuningas Henderson; Danielle Steel. Rantsho; Margareta Strömstedt. Astrid Lindgren; Nicholas Davies. William - tulevane kuningas; Guntars Godinsh. Öö päike

  19. Annual report 1979

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1979-12-01

    In this annual report the work done at the named institute is described. This concerns experiments with synchrotron radiations, high energy physics experiments at the PETRA and DORIS storage rings, studies of MFS interactions, and some neutrino experiments at CERN. A list of publications is included. (HSI)

  20. Private Institutions and Business Power in Global Governance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ougaard, Morten

    2008-01-01

    Review essay. This article reviews the books "Transnational Private Governance and its Limits" edited by Jean-Christophe Graz and Andreas Nölke, "Business Power in Global Governance" by Doris Fuchs, and Private Institutions and Global Governance. The New Politics of Environmental Sustainability...

  1. HASYLAB annual report 1989

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1990-01-01

    The report contains extended abstracts about the work performed together with a list of publications, lectures and theses. The work concerns technical developments of the DORIS-II storage ring, the study of the electronic structure of atoms, molecules, solids, surfaces and liquids, X-ray structure studies of solids and interfaces, molecular biology, further applications of synchrotron radiation, and experimental developments. (orig.)

  2. The Two Most Powerful Weapons against Doublespeak.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kehl, D. G.

    1988-01-01

    Discusses the relationship between doublespeak and humor in the works of George Orwell, W.H. Auden, Doris Lessing, and others. Suggests that one of the most effective responses to doublespeak is humor, a response which acknowledges doublespeak's incongruities and laughs at them. (ARH)

  3. "Jade Warrior" sai Hispaanias kolm preemiat

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Eesti osalusega Soome-Hiina kung fu film "Igavese armastuse sõdalane - Jade Warrior" võitis 1. Ibiza ja Formentera filmifestivalil kolm Falco d'Ori auhinda (AJ Annila - parim debüüt-lavastaja, Jukka Uusitalo - filmikunstniku töö eest, Henri Blomberg - operaatritöö eest)

  4. Waist-High and Knee-Deep: Humane Learning beyond Polemics and Precincts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Higgins, Chris

    2015-01-01

    In this essay, Chris Higgins sets out to disentangle the tradition of humane learning from contemporary distinctions and debates. The first section demonstrates how a bloated and incoherent "humanism" now functions primarily as a talisman or a target, that is, as a prompt to choose sides. It closes with the image of Doris Salcedo's…

  5. Korterelamud Haapsalus : Kastani 28 ja 36 = Apartment buildings in Haapsalu : Kastani 28 and 36 / Liina Jänes

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jänes, Liina, 1977-

    2008-01-01

    Nõukogude ajal lõpetamata jäänud majakarpide ümberehitus. Arhitektid: Urmas Muru, Peeter Pere, ksaasa töötasid Reet Viigipuu, Berit Freivald, Doris Orasi ja Aleksandr Zverev. Peatöövõtja: Mapri Projekt OÜ. 2 põhiplaani, 2 värv. välisvaadet

  6. Status of Precise Orbit Determination for Jason-2 Using GPS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melachroinos, S.; Lemoine, F. G.; Zelensky, N. P.; Rowlands, D. D.; Pavlis, D. E.

    2011-01-01

    The JASON-2 satellite, launched in June 2008, is the latest follow-on to the successful TOPEX/Poseidon (T/P) and JASON-I altimetry missions. JASON-2 is equipped with a TRSR Blackjack GPS dual-frequency receiver, a laser retroreflector array, and a DORIS receiver for precise orbit determination (POD). The most recent time series of orbits computed at NASA GSFC, based on SLR/DORIS data have been completed using both ITRF2005 and ITRF2008. These orbits have been shown to agree radially at 1 cm RMS for dynamic vs SLRlDORIS reduced-dynamic orbits and in comparison with orbits produced by other analysis centers (Lemoine et al., 2010; Zelensky et al., 2010; Cerri et al., 2010). We have recently upgraded the GEODYN software to implement model improvements for GPS processing. We describe the implementation of IGS standards to the Jason2 GEODYN GPS processing, and other dynamical and measurement model improvements. Our GPS-only JASON-2 orbit accuracy is assessed using a number of tests including analysis of independent SLR and altimeter crossover residuals, orbit overlap differences, and direct comparison to orbits generated at GSFC using SLR and DORIS tracking, and to orbits generated externally at other centers. Tests based on SLR and the altimeter crossover residuals provide the best performance indicator for independent validation of the NASAlGSFC GPS-only reduced dynamic orbits. For the ITRF2005 and ITRF2008 implementation of our GPS-only obits we are using the IGS05 and IGS08 standards. Reduced dynamic versus dynamic orbit differences are used to characterize the remaining force model error and TRF instability. We evaluate the GPS vs SLR & DORIS orbits produced using the GEODYN software and assess in particular their consistency radially and the stability of the altimeter satellite reference frame in the Z direction for both ITRF2005 and ITRF2008 as a proxy to assess the consistency of the reference frame for altimeter satellite POD.

  7. Radiocesium sorption in relation to clay mineralogy of paddy soils in Fukushima, Japan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nakao, Atsushi, E-mail: na_4_ka_triplochiton@kpu.ac.jp [Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Kyoto Prefectural University, Hangi-cho 1-5, Shimogamo, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8522 (Japan); Ogasawara, Sho [Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Kyoto Prefectural University, Hangi-cho 1-5, Shimogamo, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8522 (Japan); Sano, Oki; Ito, Toyoaki [Field Science Center, Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Tohoku University, Naruko-Onsen 232-3, Osaki, Miyagi 989-6711 (Japan); Yanai, Junta [Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Kyoto Prefectural University, Hangi-cho 1-5, Shimogamo, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8522 (Japan)

    2014-01-01

    Relationships between Radiocesium Interception Potential (RIP) and mineralogical characteristics of the clay fraction isolated from 97 paddy soils (Hama-dori, n = 25; Naka-dori, n = 36; Aizu, n = 36) in Fukushima Prefecture, Japan were investigated to clarify the mineralogical factors controlling the {sup 137}Cs retention ability of soils (half-life 30.1 y). Of all the fission products released by the Fukushima accident, {sup 137}Cs is the most important long-term contributor to the environmental contamination. The RIP, a quantitative index of the {sup 137}Cs retention ability, was determined for the soil clays. The composition of clay minerals in the soil clays was estimated from peak areas obtained using X-ray diffraction (XRD) analyses. The predominant clay mineral was smectite in soils from Hama-dori and Aizu, while this was variable for those from Naka-dori. Native K content of the soil clays was found to be an indicator of the amount of micaceous minerals. The average RIP for the 97 soil clays was 7.8 mol kg{sup −1}, and ranged from 2.4 mol kg{sup −1} to 19.4 mol kg{sup −1}. The RIP was significantly and positively correlated with native K content for each of the geographical regions, Hama-dori (r = 0.76, p < 0.001), Naka-dori (r = 0.43, p < 0.05), and Aizu (r = 0.76, P < 0.001), while it was not related to the relative abundance of smectite. The linear relationship between RIP and native K content not only indicate a large contribution of micaceous minerals to the {sup 137}Cs retention ability of the soil clays, but also could be used to predict the {sup 137}Cs retention ability of soil clays for other paddy fields in Fukushima and other areas. - Highlights: • RIP was measured for 97 paddy soils from Fukushima to assess {sup 137}Cs retention ability. • The dominant clay mineral was smectite, but this did not control RIP. • RIP was positively correlated with native K content. • Micaceous minerals were found to control the {sup 137}Cs retention

  8. New International Agreements About Space Techniques Among Argentina, China and France

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pacheco, A. M.; Podestá, R.; Actis, E.; Adarvez, S.; Quinteros, J.; Li, J.; Saunier, J.; Podestá, F.; Ramos, F.; Aguilera, J.; Sosa, G.; Hauser, D.

    2018-01-01

    The International Earth Rotation and Reference Systems (IERS) is in charge of defining and materializing celestial reference systems (ICRS - ICRF) and terrestrial reference systems (ITRS - ITRF). In order to perform this task it uses data from the following techniques: Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI), Satellite Laser Ranging (SLR), Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) and Doppler Orbitography and Radiopositioning Integrated by Satellite (DORIS). Nowadays, the Observatorio Astronómico Félix Aguilar (OAFA) has two instruments with these advanced techniques: SLR and a permanent GNSS station. In the nearby future a 40 m diameter radio telescope will be available that will be operated in VLBI mode along with a DORIS buoy which will be co-localized with a SLR telescope and GNSS antennas. In this way OAFA will become a zero station, first class, of the ITRF 2014 frame.

  9. Equal opportunities in diversity

    CERN Multimedia

    Laëtitia Pedroso

    2010-01-01

    Promoting equal opportunities at CERN and advising the Director-General on all related matters is the task of the Equal Opportunities Officer, Doris Chromek-Burckhart, and Tim Smith, chair of the Equal Opportunities Advisory Panel. Changes are being introduced: in future, the focus of their work will be broadened to cover all aspects of diversity promotion.   The term "equal opportunities" has always been broader in scope than the equal treatment of men and women but this is what it has traditionally been confined to in practice. "We wanted to change how people see our mission", explains Doris Chromek-Burckhart. The word "diversity" has much wider connotations than "equal opportunities" and makes it clearer that we are also dealing with differences in nationality, religion, age, culture and physical ability”. Getting away from the old clichés is vital to ensuring equal treatment for everyone. The diversit...

  10. High flux and high resolution VUV beam line for synchrotron radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wilcke, H.; Boehmer, W.; Schwentner, N.

    1982-04-01

    A beam line has been optimized for high flux and high resolution in the wavelength range from 30 nm to 300 nm. Sample chambers for luminescence spectroscopy on gaseous, liquid and solid samples and for photoelectron spectroscopy have been integrated. The synchrotron radiation from the storage ring DORIS (at DESY, Hamburg) emitted into 50 mrad in horizontal and into 2.2 mrad in vertical direction is focused by a cylindrical and a plane elliptical mirror into the entrance slit of a 2m normal incidence monochromator. The light flux from the exit slit is focused by a rotational elliptic mirror onto the sample yielding a size of the light spot of 4 x 0.15 mm 2 . The light flux at the sample reaches 7 x 10 12 photons nm -1 s -1 at 8 eV photon energy for a current of 100 mA in DORIS. A resolution of 0.007 nm has been obtained. (orig.)

  11. Ülemaaline ilulugejate 15. võistulausumine

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Vabariiklikust etlejate konkursist. 4.-6. klasside arvestuses võitis Grand Prix'i Markkus Pulk, laureaatideks tulid Maria Pihlak, Kenneth Norden ja Laura Elisabeth Konsand. Eripreemiad said Laura Oolup, Maria Zaitseva, žürii aitähi said Sander Aavik ja Liisa Lutter. 7.-9. klasside arvestuses võitis Grand Prix' Anna Talvi, laureaatideks tulid Liisa Saaremäel, Karmen Kozma, Riko Osila. Eripreemiad said Indrek Jõe, Eliise Seedre, žürii aitähi sai Kirke Algma. 10.-12. klasside arvestuses võitis Grand Prix' Doris Tääker, laureaatideks tulid Jörgen Liik, Virgo Ernits ja Ilja Massalov. eripreemiad said Marian Heinat ja Kadri Toomsalu. Kuressaare Gümnaasiumi õpilasžürii preemiad läksid Kenneth Nordenile, Riko Osilale ja Doris Tääkerile

  12. Local hybrid functionals with orbital-free mixing functions and balanced elimination of self-interaction error

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Silva, Piotr de; Corminboeuf, Clémence

    2015-01-01

    The recently introduced density overlap regions indicator (DORI) [P. de Silva and C. Corminboeuf, J. Chem. Theory Comput. 10(9), 3745–3756 (2014)] is a density-dependent scalar field revealing regions of high density overlap between shells, atoms, and molecules. In this work, we exploit its properties to construct local hybrid exchange-correlation functionals aiming at balanced reduction of the self-interaction error. We show that DORI can successfully replace the ratio of the von Weizsäcker and exact positive-definite kinetic energy densities, which is commonly used in mixing functions of local hybrids. Additionally, we introduce several semi-empirical parameters to control the local and global admixture of exact exchange. The most promising of our local hybrids clearly outperforms the underlying semi-local functionals as well as their global hybrids

  13. Selgusid kirjandusaasta tegijad : erakordne on see, et tänavustest kirjanduspreemia saajatest on pooled naised, arvab auhinnažürii esimees Mall Jõgi / Mall Jõgi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jõgi, Mall, 1947-

    2001-01-01

    Proosa - Andrus Kivirähk "Rehepapp". Luule - Hando Runnel "Mõistatused". Näitekirjandus - Mart Kivastik "Näidendid". Esseistika - Maie Kalda "Mis mees ta on?". Lastekirjandus - Valeria Ränik "Ülejõel, Kassilaiu pealinnas". Tõlge eesti keelde - Krista Kaer (tõlked inglise keelest: Doris Lessingi "Kuldne märkmeraamat" ja J. K. Rowling'i Harry Potteri lood). Tõlge eesti keelest - Mai Bereczki (ungarikeelse eesti luule antoloogia "Kellade hellus" I-II koostamine)

  14. New particles: experimental results

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Augustin, J.E.

    The results of studies on production and properties of psi(3100) and psi(3700) resonances are presented, particular attention being given to spin, parity, g-parity and isospin determination. Evidence obtained in the SPEAR and DORIS storage rings in psi'→γ chi and psi→γX intermediate states are presented, together with SPEAR results on e-μ events and high energy jet production. (39 references) [fr

  15. Annual report 1980

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1980-12-01

    In this annual report a survey is given about the research programs of the named institute during 1980. The research concerns experiments with synchrotron radiation, hyperfine structure studies, experiments with the DORIS and PETRA storage rings, and experiments at the CERN accelerators. Furthermore the development of instruments in this institute is described. In addition a list of publications, contributions to conferences, and theses of this institute is given. (HSI)

  16. ANALYSE AGRO-MORPHOLOGIQUE DE DEUX LIGNEES DE SOJA

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AISA

    moins (emgopa-308, emgopa-310, IAC-. 8 canarana). La culture des lignées du groupe 1 qui sont dans la majorité d'ori- gine brésilienne serait intéressante si la production est destinée essentiellement à l'extraction d'huile. Elle nécessiterait cependant des moyens supplémentai- res pour la conservation des semences.

  17. Observation of B-meson decay into J/psi

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Albrecht, H.; Binder, U.; Harder, G.; Lembke-Koppitz, I.; Philipp, A.; Schmidt-Parzefall, W.; Schroeder, H.; Schulz, H.D.; Wurth, R.; Drescher, H.; Graewe, B.; Matthiesen, U.; Scheck, H.; Spengler, J.; Wegener, D.; Edwards, K.W.; Kapitza, H.; Yun, J.C.; Frisken, W.R.; Fukunaga, C.; Goddard, M.; Gilkinson, D.J.; Gingrich, D.M.; Kim, P.C.H.; Kutschke, R.; MacFarlane, D.B.; McKenna, J.A.; Orr, R.S.; Padley, P.; Prentice, J.D.; Seywerd, H.C.J.; Stacey, B.J.; Yoon, T.S.; Ammar, R.; Coppage, D.; Davis, R.; Kanekal, S.; Kwak, N.; Kernel, G.; Plesko, M.; Childers, R.; Darden, C.W.; Gennow, H.

    1985-07-01

    Using the ARGUS detector at the e + e - storage ring DORIS II, we have observed the colour suppressed decay B->J/psiX, with a branching ratio of (1.37(+0.6-0.5))% for the mixture of charged and neutral B's produced on the Y(4S). From the momentum distribution of the J/psi we conclude that Br(B->J/psiX) 2 . (orig.)

  18. Status of the zeta(8.3)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lowe, S.T.

    1985-05-01

    Results are presented from 22.1 pb -1 of UPSILON(1S) data, taken with the Crystal Ball detector at DORIS. These data were taken to further explore the zeta(8.3) signal originally seen in 10.4 pb -1 of UPSILON(1S) data. No evidence for the zeta is observed in this new sample. Data quality checks and possible explanations are discussed

  19. DESY. Scientific annual report 2009

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2010-07-01

    The following topics are dealt with: Research with HERA and LHC, developments for the ILC, elementary-particle theory, astroparticle physics, the DESY Grid center, the ALPS experiment for the search for very light unknown particles decaying into γγ, the OLYMPUS experiment, experiments with synchrotron radiation at DORIS III and PETRA III, developments of FLASH and the European XFEL, the DESY accelerators, national and international collaboration, electronics development, speeches and publications. (HSI)

  20. DESY. Scientific annual report 2009; DESY. Wissenschaftlicher Jahresbericht 2009

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-07-15

    The following topics are dealt with: Research with HERA and LHC, developments for the ILC, elementary-particle theory, astroparticle physics, the DESY Grid center, the ALPS experiment for the search for very light unknown particles decaying into {gamma}{gamma}, the OLYMPUS experiment, experiments with synchrotron radiation at DORIS III and PETRA III, developments of FLASH and the European XFEL, the DESY accelerators, national and international collaboration, electronics development, speeches and publications. (HSI)

  1. A spin-parity analysis of γγ→ρ+ρ-

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Albrecht, H.; Ehrlichmann, H.; Hamacher, T.; Krueger, A.; Nau, A.; Nippe, A.; Reidenbach, M.; Schaefer, M.; Schroeder, H.; Schulz, H.D.; Sefkow, F.; Wurth, R.; Appuhn, R.D.; Hast, C.; Herrera, G.; Kolanoski, H.; Lange, A.; Lindner, A.; Mankel, R.; Schieber, M.; Schweda, G.; Siegmund, T.; Spaan, B.; Thurn, H.; Walther, A.; Wegener, D.; Britton, D.I.; Charlesworth, C.E.K.; Edwards, K.W.; Kapitza, H.; Krieger, P.; Kutschke, R.; MacFarlane, D.B.; Orr, R.S.; Patel, P.M.; Prentice, J.D.; Seidel, S.C.; Tsipolitis, G.; Tzamariudaki, K.; Van de Water, R.G.; Yoon, T.S.; Ressing, D.; Schael, S.; Schubert, K.R.; Strahl, K.; Waldi, R.; Weseler, S.; Childers, R.; Darden, C.W.

    1991-04-01

    A spin-parity analysis of the ρ + ρ - system in the reaction γγ→ρ + ρ - →π + π - π 0 π 0 has been performed using the ARGUS detector at the e + e - storage ring DORIS II at DESY. The cross section is found to be dominated by the amplitudes J P, =0 + , and J P =2 + (J z =2). (orig.)

  2. Ilusalt lugemine ehk võistulausumine Linnateatris / Riin Aljas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aljas, Riin

    2008-01-01

    Vabariiklikust etlejate konkursist. 4.-6. klasside arvestuses võitis Grand Prix' Markkus Pulk, laureaatideks tulid Maria Pihlak, Kenneth Norden ja Laura Elisabeth Konsand. 7.-9. klasside arvestuses võitis Grand Prix' Anna Talvi, laureaatideks tulid Liisa Saaremäel, Karmen Kozma, Riko Osila. 10.-12. klasside arvestuses võitis Grand Prix' Doris Tääker, laureaatideks tulid Jörgen Liik, Virgo Ernits ja Ilja Massalov

  3. A anew determination of the B0anti B0 oscillation strength

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Albrecht, H.; Ehrlichmann, H.; Hamacher, T.; Krueger, A.; Nau, A.; Nippe, A.; Reidenbach, M.; Schaefer, M.; Schroeder, H.; Schulz, H.D.; Sefkow, F.; Wurth, R.; Appuhn, R.D.; Hast, C.; Herrera, G.; Kolanoski, H.; Lange, A.; Lindner, A.; Mankel, R.; Schieber, M.; Siegmund, T.; Spaan, B.; Thurn, H.; Toepfer, D.; Walther, A.; Wegener, D.; Britton, D.I.; Charlesworth, C.E.K.; Edwards, K.W.; Kapitza, H.; Krieger, P.; Kutschke, R.; MacFarlane, D.B.; Orr, R.S.; Patel, P.M.; Prentice, J.D.; Seidel, S.C.; Tsipolitis, G.; Tzamariudaki, K.; Van de Water, R.G.; Yoon, T.S.; Ressling, D.; Schael, S.; Schubert, K.R.; Strahl, K.; Waldi, R.; Weseler, S.; Childers, R.; Darden, C.W.

    1992-01-01

    Using the ARGUS detector at the e + e - storage ring DORIS II at DESY, a study of B 0 anti B 0 oscillations has been performed using three different techniques. Besides the standard dilepton method, charge correlations between D * mesons and one or two leptons have also been investigated. The mixing parameter r is determined to be (20.6±7.0)%. (orig.)

  4. A formulação ab-initio da segunda lei da termodinâmica The ab-initio formulation of the second law of thermodynamics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. P. Braga

    1998-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with Carathédory's formulation of the second law of thermodynamics. The material is presented in a didatical way, which allows a second year undergraduate student to follow the formalism. An application is made to an ideal gas with two independent variables. A criticism to Carnot formulation of the second law and an investigation of the historical origins of the Carathéodory formalism are also presented.

  5. Effects of tai chi qigong on psychosocial well-being among hidden elderly, using elderly neighborhood volunteer approach: a pilot randomized controlled trial

    OpenAIRE

    Chan,Aileen; Yu,Doris; Choi,Kai

    2017-01-01

    Aileen WK Chan, Doris SF Yu, KC Choi The Nethersole School of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, NT, Hong Kong SAR Purpose: To test the feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of a tai chi qigong program with the assistance of elderly neighborhood volunteers in strengthening social networks and enhancing the psychosocial well-being of hidden elderly. Patients and methods: “Hidden elderly” is a term used to describe older adults w...

  6. Observation of Ξc0 semileptonic decay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Albrecht, H.; Cronstroem, H.I.; Ehrlichmann, H.; Hamacher, T.; Hofmann, R.P.; Kirchhoff, T.; Nau, A.; Nowak, S.; Reidenbach, M.; Reiner, R.; Schroeder, H.; Schulz, H.D.; Walter, M.; Wurth, R.; Appuhn, R.D.; Hast, C.; Kolanoski, H.; Lange, A.; Lindner, A.; Mankel, R.; Schieber, M.; Siegmund, T.; Spaan, B.; Thurn, H.; Toepfer, D.; Walther, A.; Wegener, D.; Britton, D.I.; Charlesworth, C.E.K.; Edwards, K.W.; Hyatt, E.R.F.; Kapitza, H.; Krieger, P.; MacFarlane, D.B.; Patel, P.M.; Prentice, J.D.; Saull, P.R.B.; Seidel, S.C.; Tzamariudaki, K.; Van de Water, R.G.; Yoon, T.S.; Ressing, D.; Schmidtler, M.; Schneider, M.; Schubert, K.R.; Strahl, K.; Waldi, R.; Weseler, S.

    1992-12-01

    Observation of the semileptonic decay of the charmed baryon Ξ c 0 in the decay channel Ξ c 0 → Ξ - l + X has been made using the ARGUS detector at the e + e - storage ring DORIS II at DESY. The cross section times branching ratio was found to be σ(e + e - → Ξ c 0 X).BR(Ξ c 0 → Ξ - l + X) = 0.74±0.24±0.09 pb. (orig.)

  7. Electron-positron annihilation from 3 to 11 GeV. Second progress report, 15 March 1981-15 March 1982

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Darden, C.W.

    1982-01-01

    The ARGUS collaboration started forming in mid 1978 to build and operate a new magnetic solenoid detector at the storage ring DORIS in Hamburg. With this detector and a rebuilt storage ring it would be possible to unravel the complicated multiparticle decays of charmed baryons and, more exciting, those of the recently discovered Tau mesons. By March of 1981, construction of the detector was well underway. The progress since then to 15 March 1982 is covered in the pages that follow

  8. HERA's welcome

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1984-01-01

    The final approval of the big HERA electron-proton collider project was officially announced by Federal German Minister of Research and Technology Heinz Riesenhuber in a ceremony at the German DESY Laboratory on 6 April. In a memorable speech in the crowded experimental hall of the DORIS storage ring. Minister Riesenhuber pointed out the importance of basic research for our future and the absolute priority of freedom for science

  9. Selected topics in e+e- physics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sau Lan Wu

    1981-01-01

    Selected topics of recent experimental results from the high-energy electron-positron storage rings are presented. The topics include some of the tau and charm physics from SPEAR, the upsilon physics from DORIS and CESR, and the γγ physics and quark and gluon physics from the PLUTO and TASSO Collaborations at PETRA. Related data from the JADE and MARK J Collaborations at PETRA are discussed in separated papers at this school. (orig.)

  10. DESY annual report on scientific activities 1982

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This annual report contains a description of the organization of DESY, a list of international collaborations, short descriptions of the experiments at the storage rings PETRA and DORIS II, the muon scattering experiments at the CERN SPS, experiments with synchrotron radiation, and research in theoretical physics, descriptions of the status and developments of the accelerators and storage rings, a survey about the developments in data processing, and a list of publications and speeches. (HSI) [de

  11. New results on D0 decays

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Albrecht, H.; Cronstroem, H.I.; Ehrlichmann, H.; Hamacher, T.; Hofmann, R.P.; Kirchhoff, T.; Nau, A.; Nowak, S.; Reidenbach, M.; Reiner, R.; Schroeder, H.; Schulz, H.D.; Walter, M.; Wurth, R.; Appuhn, R.D.; Hast, C.; Kolanoski, H.; Lange, A.; Lindner, A.; Mankel, R.; Schieber, M.; Siegmund, T.; Spaan, B.; Thurn, H.; Toepfer, D.; Walther, A.; Wegener, D.; Britton, D.I.; Charlesworth, C.E.K.; Edwards, K.W.; Hyatt, E.R.F.; Kapitza, H.; Krieger, P.; MacFarlane, D.B.; Patel, P.M.; Prentice, J.D.; Saull, P.R.B.; Seidel, S.C.; Tzamariudaki, K.; Van de Water, R.G.; Yoon, T.S.; Ressing, D.; Schmidtler, M.; Schneider, M.; Schubert, K.R.; Strahl, K.; Waldi, R.; Weseler, S.

    1992-01-01

    Using the ARGUS detector at the e + e - storage ring DORIS II, we have studied nine decay modes of the D 0 meson. In addition to a higher-precision determination of the branching ratios for these modes, several new channels, the decays D 0 →anti K 0 η', D 0 →anti K 0 ω and D 0 →anti Kπ +ω , have been observed for the first time. (orig.)

  12. New Head of the Users Office

    CERN Multimedia

    Anaïs Schaeffer

    2011-01-01

    Doris Chromek-Burckhart took over as Head of the Users Office on 1 June. She succeeds Chris Onions, who held the post for more than ten years before retiring in 2010, and Jose Salicio Diez, who replaced him temporarily.   Doris Chromek-Burckhart photographed by Pierre Gildemyn. Doris Chromek-Burckhart arrived at CERN about thirty years ago after completing a physics degree at Mainz University in Germany, and began her career with the Organization working on data acquisition systems for the experiments. She then joined ATLAS, where she took part in the development, commissioning and operation of the experiment's own data acquisition system. Her appointment as Head of the Users Office was preceded by two years as CERN's Equal Opportunities Officer from 2009 to 2010. The Users Office, which has now been in existence for over twenty years, manages administrative procedures and generally makes life easier for the 10,000 or more users from around a hundred different countries, in collaboration with CER...

  13. Turkish Postmodernism through the “Second Wave” Paradigm: The Example of Creative Work by Hasan Ali Toptaş and Perihan Mağden

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kseniya V. Grebenshcikova

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the aspects of Turkish postmodernism of the "second wave", which is justified by an insignificant number of theoretical works and inadequate elaboration of studies concerning the representatives of Turkish postmodernism "second wave". The exception is represented by the works of Russian turkologists M.M. Repenkova and O.V. Kareva, who consider the features of the postmodern paradigm in their studies within the novelistics of the leading representatives of the Turkish postmodernism "second wave". The representatives of the "second wave" (Hasan Ali Toptaş, İhsan Oktay Anar, Perihan Mağden, Kürşat Başar, etc. were not the object of close research before, and therefore the consideration of their creativity as the next stage in the development of Turkish postmodernism is relevant. The "second wave" of postmodernism is characterized by the appeal to the literature of symbolic modeling in 1990s. During this period, the literature of postmodernism develops into a powerful trend, which becomes the predominant trend of the cultural life of Turkey in 2000s. It is worth noting that, if in the postmodern prose of 1980s was marked by the dominance of "lyrical stream", then in 1990s and 2000s the dominant trend was represented by narrative modification. Hasan Ali Toptaş, known for his mastery of language use, is regarded as one of the main representatives of the second wave of postmodern literature.

  14. Search for new particles in e/sup +/e/sup -/ annihilation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Flugge, G.

    1986-01-01

    In this paper the author reviews the extended searches for new particles which are performed at e/sup +/e/sup -/ colliders. Emphasis is on results from the high energy machines where a wealth of data is now available from the experimental groups ASP, HRS, MAC, MARK II, and TPC at PEP and CELLO, JADE, MARK J, PLUTO, and TASSO at PETRA. Besides the high energy data he also mentions some new results which are recently obtained by the CLEO and CUSB groups at CESR and the ARGUS detector at DORIS II around 10 GeV cm energy

  15. A spectrometer for X-ray energy-dispersive diffraction using synchrotron radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Buras, B.; Gerward, L.; Staun Olsen, J.; Steenstrup, S.

    1981-10-01

    The paper describes a white-beam X-ray energy dispersive diffractometer using the synchroton radiation from the DORIS ESR. The following features of the instrument are discussed: Horizontal or vertical scattering plane, collimators, sample environment, remote control of gonimeter, data acquisition, energy-sensitive detectors using small-area and large-area detector crystals, modes of operation, powder and single crystal diffraction. An example is given from a high-pressure study of YbH 2 using a diamond anvil cell. (orig./HP)

  16. Checklist and Bibliography of Benthic Marine Macroalgae Recorded from Northern Australia. I. Rhodophyta,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    Basson, P.W. (1979). "Marine algae of the Arabian Qilf coast of Saudi Arabia. II." Botanica mar., 22, 65-82. Belanger, C., Dory de Saint Vincent, J.B. and...Cook Island". Botanica mr., 20, 161-166. Chiang, Y.M. (1970). "Morphological studies of red algae of the family Cryptonemiaceas." Univ. Calif. Pubis Bot...western Indian Ocean." Botanica mar., 25, 401-444. 83 Parke, M. and Dixon, P.S. (1976). "Check-list of British marine algae - third revision." J. mar

  17. VLBI2010 in NASA's Space Geodesy Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Chopo

    2012-01-01

    In the summer of 20 11 NASA approved the proposal for the Space Geodesy Project (SGP). A major element is developing at the Goddard Geophysical and Astronomical Observatory a prototype of the next generation of integrated stations with co-located VLBI, SLR, GNSS and DORIS instruments as well as a system for monitoring the vector ties. VLBI2010 is a key component of the integrated station. The objectives ofSGP, the role of VLBI20 lOin the context of SGP, near term plans and possible future scenarios will be discussed.

  18. Synchrotron radiation

    CERN Document Server

    Kunz, C

    1974-01-01

    The production of synchrotron radiation as a by-product of circular high-energy electron (positron) accelerators or storage rings is briefly discussed. A listing of existing or planned synchrotron radiation laboratories is included. The following properties are discussed: spectrum, collimation, polarization, and intensity; a short comparison with other sources (lasers and X-ray tubes) is also given. The remainder of the paper describes the experimental installations at the Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY) and DORIS storage rings, presents a few typical examples out of the fields of atomic, molecular, and solid-state spectroscopy, and finishes with an outlook on the use of synchrotron radiation in molecular biology. (21 refs).

  19. Surface temperature and distortion of optical elements exposed to high power synchrotron radiation beams

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mourikis, S.; Jark, W.; Koch, E.E.; Saile, V.

    1989-01-01

    Mirrors made of various materials have been investigated under surface power densities of approximately 1--2 W/mm 2 emitted by a powerful hybrid wiggler installed in the 5.3-GeV DORIS storage ring. Thermal inhomogeneities and deformations at surfaces with a height resolution of 50 nm have been determined quantitatively. The only material withstanding these power levels without a significant deformation is SiC. Conventional cooling geometries are found to be useless for a reduction of the surface distortion

  20. Search for rare B meson decays into D+s mesons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Albrecht, H.; Ehrlichmann, H.; Hamacher, T.

    1993-04-01

    A search has been performed for rare B meson decays into D s + mesons arising from b → u transitions, W exchange modes, B + annihilation processes, and decays where the D s + is not produced via a W → c anti s quark pair coupling, using the ARGUS detector operating on the Y(4S) resonance at the e + e - storage ring DORIS II. Upper limits for individual decay modes are obtained. In addition, from a study of D s + l - correlations an upper limit of BR(B → D s + l - X) < 1.2% (90% CL) is determined. (orig.)

  1. DESY. Scientific annual report 2006

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2007-06-01

    The following topics are dealt with: The H1 experiment, the ZEUS experiment, the HERMES experiment, the HERA-B experiment, the ATLAS experiment, the CMS experiment, astroparticle physics, theoretical work on the standard model and its possible extensions, particle cosmology, string theory, and lattice gauge theory, the International Linear Collider, linear-accelerator technologies, the storage rings HERA and DORIS III, the preaccelerators, the free electron laser FLASH, the future synchrotron radiation source PETRA III, the XFEL, accelerator technologies concerning injection and ejection, RF techniques, accelerator control, personnel safety system, beam diagnostics and instrumentation, beam control, vacuum techniques, cryogenics and superconductivity, power supplies, as well as vacuum techniques. (HSI)

  2. Evidence for a narrow massive state in the radiative decays of the Upsilon

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Crystal Ball Collaboration.

    1984-07-01

    Evidence is presented for a state, which we call zeta, with a mass M = (8322 +- 8 +- 24) MeV and a line width GAMMA < 80 MeV (90% confidence level) obtained using the Crystal Ball (NaI(Tl) detector at DORIS II. Radiative transitions to this state are observed from about 100,000 UPSILON(1S) decays in two independent sets of data: one in which zeta → multiple hadrons, and one which is strongly biased towards zeta → 2 low multiplicity jets. The branching ratio to this state from the UPSILON(1S) is of order 0.5%

  3. ARGUS progress report 1982

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Darden, C.W. III.

    1982-01-01

    On September 7th, 1982, following four years of planning and construction, the magnetic solenoid detector ARGUS was moved into one of the two interaction regions of the electron-positron storage ring DORIS. A month later the ring started delivering luminosity for physics research, specifically, the study of the formation and decay of members of the Upsilon family of mesons. These mesons are bound states, b anti b, of the heaviest of the five known quarks and therefore of considerable interest. This report describes the progress made during the year from March 1982 to March 1983 with emphasis on the experience gained during the first running period

  4. Virtual Reality Adaptive Stimulation in Stress Resistance Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-01

    Kukolja, Branimir Dropuljić University of Zagreb Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computing, Unska 3, 10000 Zagreb , Croatia Ivica Kostović...Miloš Judaš, Marko Radoš, Milan Radoš, Lana Vasung, Branka Bartolić Spajić University of Zagreb School of Medicine, Croatian Institute for Brain...Research, Šalata 12, 10000 Zagreb , Croatia Svjetlana Doričić, Dalibor Mesić Ministry of Defense, Republic of Croatia ABSTRACT Serious mental health

  5. DESY. Scientific annual report 2006; DESY. Wissenschaftlicher Jahresbericht 2006

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-06-15

    The following topics are dealt with: The H1 experiment, the ZEUS experiment, the HERMES experiment, the HERA-B experiment, the ATLAS experiment, the CMS experiment, astroparticle physics, theoretical work on the standard model and its possible extensions, particle cosmology, string theory, and lattice gauge theory, the International Linear Collider, linear-accelerator technologies, the storage rings HERA and DORIS III, the preaccelerators, the free electron laser FLASH, the future synchrotron radiation source PETRA III, the XFEL, accelerator technologies concerning injection and ejection, RF techniques, accelerator control, personnel safety system, beam diagnostics and instrumentation, beam control, vacuum techniques, cryogenics and superconductivity, power supplies, as well as vacuum techniques. (HSI)

  6. Search for radiative B meson decays

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lesiak, T.; Muryn, B.; Nowak, G.; Antreasyan, D.; Irion, J.; McBride, P.; Strauch, K.; Bartels, H.W.; Bienlein, J.K.; Brockmueller, K.; Jakubowski, Z.; Karch, K.; Kloiber, T.; Koch, W.; Maschmann, W.; Meyer, H.; Skwarnicki, T.; Trost, H.J.; Voigt, A.; Wachs, K.; Zschorsch, P.; Besset, D.; Cabenda, R.; Cowan, R.; Bieler, C.; Graaf, K.; Heinsius, F.H.; Kiel, T.; Krueger, S.; Lekebusch, R.; Nernst, R.; Sievers, D.; Stock, V.; Strohbusch, U.; Bloom, E.D.; Clare, R.; Cooper, S.; Fairfield, K.; Fridman, A.; Gaiser, J.; Gelphman, D.; Godfrey, G.; Hofstadter, R.; Kirkbride, I.; Lee, R.; Leffler, S.; Litke, A.M.; Lockman, W.; Lowe, S.; Niczyporuk, B.; Pollock, B.; Schwarz, A.; Tompkins, J.; Van Uitert, B.; Wacker, K.; Brock, I.; Engler, A.; Kraemer, R.W.; Marlow, D.; Messing, F.; Prindle, D.; Renger, B.; Rippich, C.; Vogel, H.; Cavalli-Sforza, M.; Coyne, D.; Folger, G.; Glaser, G.; Kobel, M.; Lurz, B.; Schuette, J.; Volland, U.; Wegener, H.; Janssen, H.; Koenig, A.C.; Metzger, W.J.; Reidenbach, M.; Schotanus, J.; Walle, R.T. van de; Walk, W.; Keh, S.; Kilian, H.; Koenigsmann, K.; Scheer, M.; Schmitt, P.; Marsiske, H.; Peck, C.; Porter, F.C.; Ratoff, P.; Williams, D.A.

    1991-07-01

    The Crystal Ball detector at the ε + ε - storage ring DORIS-II has been used to search for radiative B meson decays, especially of the type b→sγ. No mono-energetic γ-lines have been found in the inclusive photon spectrum from Υ(4S) decays, and upper limits are obtained for radiative decays of B mesons to various strange mesons and to the D*. Integrating the photon spectrum over the corresponding energy range, we find BR(B→γX) -3 at 90% confidence level for the mass range 892 MeV≤M X ≤2045 MeV. (orig.)

  7. Search for rare B meson decays into Ds+ mesons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Albrecht, H.; Ehrlichmann, H.; Hamacher, T.; Hofmann, R.P.; Kirchhoff, T.; Nau, A.; Nowak, S.; Schroeder, H.; Schulz, H.D.; Walter, M.; Wurth, R.; Appuhn, R.D.; Hast, C.; Kolanoski, H.; Lange, A.; Lindner, A.; Mankel, R.; Schieber, M.; Siegmund, T.; Spaan, B.; Thurn, H.; Toepfer, D.; Walther, A.; Wegener, D.; Britton, D.I.; Charlesworth, C.E.K.; Edwards, K.W.; Hyatt, E.R.F.; Kapitza, H.; Krieger, P.; MacFarlane, D.B.; Patel, P.M.; Prentice, J.D.; Saull, P.R.B.; Tzamariudaki, K.; Van de Water, R.G.; Yoon, T.S.; Ressing, D.; Schmidtler, M.; Schneider, M.; Schubert, K.R.; Strahl, K.; Waldi, R.; Weseler, S.; Balagura, V.; Belyaev, I.; Chechelnitsky, S.; Danilov, M.; Droutskoy, A.; Gershtein, Yu.; Golutvin, A.; Gorelov, I.; Kostina, G.; Lubimov, V.; Pakhlov, P.; Ratnikov, F.; Semenov, S.; Shibaev, V.; Soloshenko, V.; Tichomirov, I.; Zaitsev, Yu.

    1993-01-01

    A search has been performed for rare B meson decays into D s + mesons arising from b→u transitions, W exchange modes, B + annihilation processes, and decays where the D s + is not produced via a W→c anti s quark pair coupling, using the ARGUS detector operating on the Y(4S) resonance at the e + e - storage ring DORIS II. Upper limits for individual decay modes are obtained. In addition, from a study of D s + l - correlations an upper limit of BR(B→D s + l - X)<1.2%(90% CL) is determined. (orig.)

  8. Experimental upper limits for hadronic and axion decays of the T(1S)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Niczyporuk, B.; Jakubowski, Z.; Zeludziewicz, T.; Folger, G.; Lurz, B.; Vogel, H.; Volland, U.; Wegener, H.; Coles, M.; Engler, A.; Kraemer, R.W.; Marlow, D.; Messing, F.; Rippich, C.; Youssef, S.; Fridman, A.; Alexander, G.; Av-Shalom, A.; Bella, G.; Grunhaus, J.; Langguth, W.; Scheer, M.; Bienlein, J.K.; Graumann, R.; Trost, H.J.; Schmitz, M.

    1982-10-01

    A search for the decays Y->rhoπ, Y->J/psiX and Y->γa (where X is undetermined and a is an axion) has been completed using the LENA detector at the DORIS storage ring. No evidence for any of these processes was found. For these decay modes we set branching fraction upper limits (90% C.L.) of 2.1 x 10 -3 , 2.0 x 10 -2 and 9.1 x 10 -4 , respectively. (orig.)

  9. Search for radiative B meson decays

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lesiak, T.; Muryn, B.; Nowak, G.; Antreasyan, D.; Irion, J.; McBride, P.; Strauch, K.; Bartels, H.W.; Bienlein, J.K.; Brockmueller, K.; Jakubowski, Z.; Karch, K.; Kloiber, T.; Koch, W.; Maschmann, W.; Meyer, H.; Skwarnicki, T.; Trost, H.J.; Voigt, A.; Wachs, K.; Zschorsch, P.; Besset, D.; Cabenda, R.; Cowan, R.; Bieler, C.; Graaf, K.; Heinsius, F.H.; Kiel, T.; Krueger, S.; Lekebusch, R.; Nernst, R.; Sievers, D.; Stock, V.; Strohbusch, U.; Bloom, E.D.; Clare, R.; Cooper, S.; Fairfield, K.; Fridman, A.; Gaiser, J.; Gelphman, D.; Godfrey, G.; Hofstadter, R.; Kirkbride, I.; Lee, R.; Leffler, S.; Litke, A.M.; Lockman, W.; Lowe, S.; Niczyporuk, B.; Pollock, B.; Schwarz, A.; Tompkins, J.; Van Uitert, B.; Wacker, K.; Brock, I.; Engler, A.; Kraemer, R.W.; Marlow, D.; Messing, F.; Prindle, D.; Renger, B.; Rippich, C.; Vogel, H.; Cavalli-Sforza, M.; Coyne, D.; Folger, G.; Glaser, G.; Kobel, M.; Lurz, B.; Schuette, J.; Volland, U.; Wegener, H.; Janssen, H.; Koenig, A.C.; Metzger, W.J.; Reidenbach, M.; Schotanus, J.; Walle, R.T. van de; Walk, W.; Keh, S.; Kilian, H.; Koenigsmann, K.; Scheer, M.; Schmitt, P.; Marsiske, H.; Williams, D.A.

    1992-01-01

    The Crystal Ball detector at the e + e - storage ring DORIS-II has been used to search for radiative B meson decays, especially of the type b→sγ. No mono-energetic γ-lines have been found in the inclusive photon spectrum from Υ(4S) decays, and upper limits are obtained for radiative decays of B mesons to various strange mesons and to the D*. Integrating the photon spectrum over the corresponding energy range, we find BR(B→γX) -3 , at 90% confidence level for the mass range 892 MeV≤M X ≤2045 MeV. (orig.)

  10. Search for charm production in direct decays of the Υ(1S) resonance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Albrecht, H.; Ehrlichmann, H.; Hamacher, T.; Krueger, A.; Nau, A.; Nippe, A.; Nowak, S.; Reidenbach, M.; Schaefer, M.; Schroeder, H.; Schulz, H.D.; Walter, M.; Wurth, R.; Appuhn, R.D.; Hast, C.; Herrera, G.; Kolanoski, H.; Lange, A.; Lindner, A.; Mankel, R.; Schieber, M.; Siegmund, T.; Spaan, B.; Thurn, H.; Toepfer, D.; Walther, A.; Wegener, D.; Britton, D.I.; Charlesworth, C.E.K.; Edwards, K.W.; Hyatt, E.R.F.; Kapitza, H.; Krieger, P.; MacFarlane, D.B.; Patel, P.M.; Prentice, J.D.; Saull, P.R.B.; Seidel, S.C.; Tzamariudaki, K.; Van de Water, R.G.; Yoon, T.S.; Ressling, D.; Schmidtler, M.; Schneider, M.; Schubert, K.R.; Strahl, K.; Waldi, R.; Weseler, S.

    1992-01-01

    The production of D * (2010) + and J/ψ mesons and of prompt leptons has been investigated in e + e - interactions at the Υ(1S) resonance energy. The data were collected at the storage ring DORIS II at DESY with the ARGUS detector. We obtain upper limits of BR dir (Υ(1S)→D * (2010) ± +X) p >0.2) and BR dir (Υ(1S)→J/ψ+X) -3 , both at the 90% confidence level. From the prompt lepton analysis, a model dependent limit of BR dir (Υ(1S)→Y c +X) c denoting a charm-containing particle) is derived. (orig.)

  11. Hadron production by virtual photons in the quark fragmentation region

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Scarr, J.M.; Chen, C.K.; Knowles, J.; Martin, D.; Skillicorn, I.O.; Smith, K.; Joos, P.; Ladage, A.; Meyer, H.; Wolf, G.

    1977-11-01

    We have measured the inclusive electroproduction of positive and negative hadrons in the quark fragmentation region using the streamer chamber at DESY. Data are presented in terms of the variable zsub(p) = p/ν in the kinematic region 1.8 2 2 . The positive hadron distributions contain a strong proton component. After subtraction of the proton component and elastic rho events, the distribution 1/sigma sub(tot) (dsigma/dz sub(p)) for positive and negative hadrons agrees well with the corresponding distribution from e + e - annihilation (DORIS data). This behaviour supports the validity of the quark parton model at surprisingly low Q 2 and W. (orig.) [de

  12. Determination of the Michel parameter in tau decay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Albrecht, H.; Ehrlichmann, H.; Harder, G.; Krueger, A.; Nau, A.; Nilsson, A.W.; Nippe, A.; Oest, T.; Reidenbach, M.; Schaefer, M.; Schmidt-Parzefall, W.; Schroeder, H.; Schulz, H.D.; Sefkow, F.; Wurth, R.; Appuhn, R.D.; Drescher, A.; Hast, C.; Herrera, G.; Kolanoski, H.; Lange, A.; Lindner, A.; Mankel, R.; Scheck, H.; Schieber, M.; Schweda, G.; Spaan, B.; Walther, A.; Wegener, D.; Britton, D.I.; MacFarlane, D.B.; McLean, K.W.; Patel, P.M.; Tsipolitis, G.; Tzamariudaki, K.; Charlesworth, C.E.K.; Krieger, P.; Kutschke, R.; Orr, R.S.; Parsons, J.A.; Prentice, J.D.; Seidel, S.C.; Yoon, T.S.; Edwards, K.W.; Kapitza, H.; Ruf, T.; Schael, S.; Schubert, K.R.; Strahl, K.; Waldi, R.; Weseler, S.

    1990-01-01

    Using the ARGUS detector at the DORIS II e + e - storage ring we have studied the electron and muon energy spectra in τ - →e - νanti ν and τ - →μ - νanti ν. The measured value of the Michel parameter, ρ=0.742±0.035±0.020, is in good agreement with a standard V-A coupling at the τ-ν τ -W vertex. Pure V, A and V+A couplings are completely excluded by this measurement. Upper limits have been obtained for two-body tau decays, including final states with a Goldstone boson. (orig.)

  13. Elvis Presley y la tradicion del cine musical de Hollywood

    OpenAIRE

    Carrega, Jorge

    2013-01-01

    Por ter sido publicado numa revista espanhola, o artigo apresenta o título e o resumo em castelhano, mas o texto está em português. Depreciadas por la crítica cinematográfica, las películas protagonizadas por Elvis Presley son ejemplos relevantes de uno de los principales subgéneros del cine musical de Hollywood, la comedia musical protagonizada por intérpretes de la canción popular tornados actores como Bing Crosby, Frank Sinatra, Carmen Miranda, Doris Day y Dean Martin. Pioneros en...

  14. Measurement of the absolute branching fractions for Do decays into K-π+,K-π+π+π-, anti Kanti oπ+π-

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Albrecht, H.; Hamacher, T.; Hofmann, R.P.; Kirchhoff, T.; Mankel, R.; Nau, A.; Nowak, S.; Ressing, D.; Schroeder, H.; Schulz, H.D.; Walter, M.; Wurth, R.; Hast, C.; Kapitza, H.; Kolanoski, H.; Kosche, A.; Lange, A.; Lindner, A.; Schieber, M.; Siegmund, T.; Spaan, B.; Thurn, H.; Toepfer, D.; Wegener, D.; Eckstein, P.; Schmidtler, M.; Schramm, M.; Schubert, K.R.; Schwierz, R.; Waldi, R.; Reim, K.; Wegener, H.; Eckmann, R.; Kuipers, H.; Mai, O.; Mundt, R.; Oest, T.; Reiner, R.; Schmidt-Parzefall, W.; Stiewe, J.; Werner, S.; Ehret, K.; Hofmann, W.; Huepper, A.; Knoepfle, K.T.; Spengler, J.; Krieger, P.; MacFarlane, D.B.; Prentice, J.D.; Saull, P.R.B.; Tzamariudaki, K.; Water, R.G. van de; Yoon, T.S.; Frankl, C.; Schneider, M.; Weseler, S.; Kernel, G.; Krizan, P.; Kriznic, E.; Podobnik, T.; Zivko, T.; Balagura, V.; Barsuk, S.; Belyaev, I.; Chechelnitsky, S.; Chistov, R.; Danilov, M.; Droutskoy, A.; Gershtein, E.; Gershtein, Yu.; Golutvin, A.; Korolko, I.; Kostina, G.; Litvintsev, D.; Lubimov, V.; Pakhlov, P.; Semenov, S.; Snizhko, A.; Tichomirov, I.; Zaitsev, Yu.

    1994-06-01

    Using the ARGUS detector at the e + e - storage ring DORIS II we have measured the absolute branching ratios of the D - o meson, Br(D 0 →K - π + )=(3.41±0.12±0.28)%, Br(D 0 →K - π + π + π - )=(6.80±0.27±0.57)%, and Br(D 0 → anti K 0 π + π - )=(5.03±0.39±0.49)%. (orig.)

  15. Search for gluons in e/sup +/e/sup -/ annihilation

    CERN Document Server

    Ellis, Jonathan Richard; Ross, Graham G

    1976-01-01

    The authors study the deviations to be expected at high energies from the recently observed two jet structure of hadronic final states in e /sup +/e/sup -/ annihilation. Motivated by the approximate validity of the naive parton model and by asymptotic freedom they suggest that hard gluon bremsstrahlung may be the dominant source of hadrons with large momenta transverse to the main jet axes. This process should give rise to three-jet final states. These may be observable at the highest SPEAR or DORIS energies, and should be important at the higher PETRA or PEP energies. (15 refs).

  16. 2020 Focus briefs on the world's poor and hungry people:

    OpenAIRE

    IFPRI

    2007-01-01

    Contents: 1.The Changing Profile of Poverty in the World/Shaohua Chen and Martin Ravallion. 2.Characteristics and Causes of Severe Poverty and Hunger/Akhter U. Ahmed, Ruth Vargas Hill, Lisa C. Smith, and Tim Frankenberger. 3.The Poorest and Hungry: Looking Below the Line/Akhter U. Ahmed, Ruth Vargas Hill, and Doris M. Wiesmann. 4.Mapping Where the Poor Live/Todd Benson, Michael Epprecht, and Nicholas Minot 5.Child Malnutrition in India and China/Peter Svedberg. 6.Poverty and the Globalization...

  17. 商店街における座りスペースの利用実態 : 巣鴨地蔵通り商店街の場合

    OpenAIRE

    大島, 秀明; 天野, 克也; 谷口, 汎邦; オオシマ, ヒデアキ; アマノ, カツヤ; タニグチ, ヒロクニ; Hideaki, OHSHIMA; Katuya, AMANO; Hirokuni, TANIGUCHI

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to find out the sitting behaviors and the behaviors in shopping mall. Therefore, we conduct the questionnaire survey of visitors in Sugamo Jizo-Dori shopping mall. The results are as follows: The ratio of dropping in at the shops of 75 or older-year elderly people is the lowest; about 48%; The visitors can stay in the shopping mall for a long time by sitting; Most of the visitors using restaurant etc. stay in the shopping mall for a long time and drop in at the sh...

  18. The Michel parameter for the decay τ→eνanti ν

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Janssen, H.; Koenig, A.C.; Metzger, W.J.; Reidenbach, M.; Schotanus, J.; Walle, R.T. van de; Walk, W.; Antreasyan, D.; Irion, J.; McBride, P.; Strauch, K.; Bartels, H.W.; Bienlein, J.K.; Brockmueller, K.; Kloiber, T.; Koch, W.; Marsiske, H.; Meyer, H.; Skwarnicki, T.; Trost, H.J.; Voigt, A.; Wachs, K.; Zschorsch, P.; Besset, D.; Cabenda, R.; Cowan, R.; Bieler, C.; Graaf, K.; Heinsius, F.H.; Kiel, T.; Krueger, S.; Lekebusch, R.; Maschmann, W.; Nernst, R.; Sievers, D.; Stock, V.; Strohbusch, U.; Bloom, E.D.; Clare, R.; Cooper, S.; Fairfield, K.; Fridman, A.; Gaiser, J.; Gelphman, D.; Godfrey, G.; Hofstadter, R.; Kirkbride, I.; Lee, R.; Leffler, S.; Litke, A.M.; Lockman, W.; Lowe, S.; Niczyporuk, B.; Pollock, B.; Schwarz, A.; Tompkins, J.; Van Uitert, B.; Wacker, K.; Brock, I.; Engler, A.; Kraemer, R.W.; Marlow, D.; Messing, F.; Prindle, D.; Renger, B.; Rippich, C.; Vogel, H.; Cavalli-Sforza, M.; Coyne, D.; Folger, G.; Glaser, G.; Kobel, M.; Lurz, B.; Schuette, J.; Volland, U.; Wegener, H.; Jakubowski, Z.; Muryn, B.; Nowak, G.; Keh, S.; Kilian, H.; Koenigsmann, K.; Scheer, M.; Schmitt, P.; Peck, C.; Porter, F.C.; Ratoff, P.; Williams, D.A.; Karch, K.; Heimlich, F.H.

    1989-01-01

    The Crystal Ball detector at the Doris II storage ring at DESY has been used to study the electron energy spectrum of the decay τ→eνanti ν. In the standard model the Lorentz structure of the decay matrix element is of the well known V-A type, resulting in a Michel parameter of ρ=0.75. Our spectrum is found to be consistent with this value. A fit yields the value of 0.64±0.06±0.07. (orig.)

  19. Martha's Quest

    OpenAIRE

    Schwantes, Cíntia

    2006-01-01

    Este artigo apresenta uma análise do romance Martha's Quest, de Doris Lessing. Primeiro da série Children of Violence, Martha's Quest discute, através da trajetória de uma personagem paradigmática, os rumos que a sociedade sul-africana do período imediatamente precedente à guerra tomou. Nos dois volumes subseqüentes (A Perfect Marriage e A Ripple from the Storm), a Guerra e o pós-guerra são focalizados.

  20. The OLYMPUS Experiment

    OpenAIRE

    Milner, R.; Hasell, D. K.; Kohl, M.; Schneekloth, U.; Akopov, N.; Alarcon, R.; Andreev, V. A.; Ates, O.; Avetisyan, A.; Bayadilov, D.; Beck, R.; Belostotski, S.; Bernauer, J. C.; Bessuille, J.; Brinker, F.

    2013-01-01

    The OLYMPUS experiment was designed to measure the ratio between the positron-proton and electron-proton elastic scattering cross sections, with the goal of determining the contribution of two-photon exchange to the elastic cross section. Two-photon exchange might resolve the discrepancy between measurements of the proton form factor ratio, $\\mu_p G^p_E/G^p_M$, made using polarization techniques and those made in unpolarized experiments. OLYMPUS operated on the DORIS storage ring at DESY, alt...

  1. Hard Two-Photon Contribution to Elastic Lepton-Proton Scattering: Determined by the OLYMPUS Experiment

    OpenAIRE

    Henderson, B. S.; Ice, L. D.; Khaneft, D.; O'Connor, C.; Russell, R.; Schmidt, A.; Bernauer, J. C.; Kohl, M.; Akopov, N.; Alarcon, R.; Ates, O.; Avetisyan, A.; Beck, R.; Belostotski, S.; Bessuille, J.

    2016-01-01

    The OLYMPUS Collaboration reports on a precision measurement of the positron-proton to electron-proton elastic cross section ratio, \\ud R\\ud 2\\ud γ\\ud , a direct measure of the contribution of hard two-photon exchange to the elastic cross section. In the OLYMPUS measurement, 2.01 GeV electron and positron beams were directed through a hydrogen gas target internal to the DORIS storage ring at DESY. A toroidal magnetic spectrometer instrumented with drift chambers and time-of-flight scintillato...

  2. Hard Two-Photon Contribution to Elastic Lepton-Proton Scattering Determined by the OLYMPUS Experiment

    OpenAIRE

    Henderson, Brian; Ice, Lauren; Ates, Ozgur; Avetisyan, Albert; Beck, Reinhard; Belostotski, Stanislav; Bessuille, Jason; Brinker, Frank; Calarco, John; Carassiti, V.; Cisbani, E.; Ciullo, G.; Khaneft, Dmitry; Contalbrigo, Marco; De Leo, R.

    2017-01-01

    The OLYMPUS collaboration reports on a precision measurement of the positron-proton to electron-proton elastic cross section ratio, $\\it R_{2 \\gamma}$, a direct measure of the contribution of hard two-photon exchange to the elastic cross section. In the OLYMPUS measurement, 2.01 GeV electron and positron beams were directed through a hydrogen gas target internal to the DORIS storage ring at DESY. A toroidal magnetic spectrometer instrumented with drift chambers and time-of-flight scintillator...

  3. Synchrotron X-ray diffraction using triple-axis spectrometry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Als-Nielsen, J.

    1980-12-01

    High resolution X-ray diffraction studies of (i) monolayers of the noble gases Kr and Ar physiosorbed on graphite (ii) smectic A fluctuations in the nematic and the smectic A phases of liquid crystals are described. The apparatus used is a triple axis spectrometer situated at the storage ring DORIS at Hasylab, DESY, Hamburg. A monochromatic, well collimated beam is extracted from the synchrotron radiation spectrum by Bragg reflection from perfect Si or Ge crystals. The direction of the beam scattered from the sample is determined by Bragg reflection from a perfect Si or Ge crystal. High intensities even with resolution extending beyond the wavelength of visible light can be obtained. (Auth.)

  4. Electron-positron annihilation from 3 to 11 GeV. First progress report, 18 August 1980-15 Mar 1981

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Darden, C.W.

    1981-01-01

    The ARGUS collaboration started forming in mid 1978. It was a natural outgrowth of the CASP II collaboration which had grown up to run the old DASP detector in late 1977. That was the year that the Upsilon meson was discovered at Fermilab. Both the PLUTO and DASP II collaborations were able to see the Upsilon in e + e - annihilations the following year and to confirm that it was indeed a narrow resonance. Late in 1978 the ARGUS collaboration submitted a proposal to the DESY Directorium to build a new universal magnetic solenoid detector that would allow the investigation of reactions of the type e + e - > anything at energies that could be reached by the storage ring DORIS. This energy range included the Charm region and the first two Upsilon states, 1S and 2S. At the same time, the Directorium was urged to rebuild the storage ring DORIS to increase its luminosity and raise its maximum energy so that Upsilon spectroscopy could be done. Following the approval of the ARGUS detector, the finishing touches were put on its design and various parts either put out for bid or spoken for by different groups in the collaboration. Progress toward completion has been satisfactory and the status of each is discussed

  5. The Effect of Seasonal and Long-Period Geopotential Variations on the GPS Orbits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melachroinos, Stavros A.; Lemoine, Frank G.; Chinn, Douglas S.; Zelensky, Nikita P.; Nicholas, Joseph B.; Beckley, Brian D.

    2013-01-01

    We examine the impact of using seasonal and long-period time-variable gravity field (TVG) models on GPS orbit determination, through simulations from 1994 to 2012. The models of time-variable gravity that we test include the GRGS release RL02 GRACE-derived 10-day gravity field models up to degree and order 20 (grgs20x20), a 4 x 4 series of weekly coefficients using GGM03S as a base derived from SLR and DORIS tracking to 11 satellites (tvg4x4), and a harmonic fit to the above 4 x 4 SLR-DORIS time series (goco2s_fit2). These detailed models are compared to GPS orbit simulations using a reference model (stdtvg) based on the International Earth Rotation Service (IERS) and International GNSS Service (IGS) repro1 standards. We find that the new TVG modeling produces significant along, cross-track orbit differences as well as annual, semi-annual, draconitic and long-period effects in the Helmert translation parameters (Tx, Ty, Tz) of the GPS orbits with magnitudes of several mm. We show that the simplistic TVG modeling approach used by all of the IGS Analysis Centers, which is based on the models provided by the IERS standards, becomes progressively less adequate following 2006 when compared to the seasonal and long-period TVG models.

  6. Jason-1 and Jason-2 POD Using GPS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melachroinos, Stavros; Lemoine, Frank G.; Zelensky, Nikita P.; Rowlands, David D.; Luthcke, Scott B.; Beckley, Brian D.

    2012-01-01

    The Jason-2 satellite, launched in June 2008, is the latest follow-on to the successful Jason-1 altimetry satellite mission launched in December 7, 2001. Both, Jason-2 and Jason-1 are equipped with a GPS dual-frequency receiver, a laser retroreflector array, and a DORIS receiver for precise orbit determination (POD). A series of dynamic and reduced-dynamic Jason-2 orbits computed at NASA GSFC, based on GPS-only data and the std0905 standards, have been completed till cy74through cycle 74 using the IGS05 framework. These orbits, now publicly available, have been shown to agree radially at 1 cm RMS with the GSFC std0905 SLR/DORIS orbits and in comparison with orbits produced by JPL, ESA and CNES. In this paper, we describe the implementation of the IGS08 and repro1 framework for the Jason-2 and Jason-1 GPS POD processing with the NASA GSFC GEODYN software. . In our updated GPS POD, ambiguity fixing and updated time variable and static gravity fields. We also evaluate the implementation of non-tidal and degree-1 loading displacement as forward modeling to the tracking stations. Reduced-dynamic versus dynamic orbit differences are used to characterize the remaining force model errors and TRF instability. In particular, we assess their consistency radially and the stability of the altimeter satellite reference frame in the North/South direction as a proxy to assess the consistency of the reference frame.

  7. Archiving Space Geodesy Data for 20+ Years at the CDDIS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noll, Carey E.; Dube, M. P.

    2004-01-01

    Since 1982, the Crustal Dynamics Data Information System (CDDIS) has supported the archive and distribution of geodetic data products acquired by NASA programs. These data include GPS (Global Positioning System), GLONASS (GLObal NAvigation Satellite System), SLR (Satellite Laser Ranging), VLBI (Very Long Baseline Interferometry), and DORIS (Doppler Orbitography and Radiolocation Integrated by Satellite). The data archive supports NASA's space geodesy activities through the Solid Earth and Natural Hazards (SENH) program. The CDDIS data system and its archive have become increasingly important to many national and international programs, particularly several of the operational services within the International Association of Geodesy (IAG), including the International GPS Service (IGS), the International Laser Ranging Service (ILRS), the International VLBI Service for Geodesy and Astrometry (IVS), the International DORIS Service (IDS), and the International Earth Rotation Service (IERS). The CDDIS provides easy and ready access to a variety of data sets, products, and information about these data. The specialized nature of the CDDIS lends itself well to enhancement and thus can accommodate diverse data sets and user requirements. All data sets and metadata extracted from these data sets are accessible to scientists through ftp and the web; general information about each data set is accessible via the web. The CDDIS, including background information about the system and its user communities, the computer architecture, archive contents, available metadata, and future plans will be discussed.

  8. Elections to the Senior Staff Advisory Committee (‘The Nine’) 2008

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2008-01-01

    The electronic voting process for the Senior Staff Advisory Committee (‘The Nine’) was closed on Monday 2nd June. Of the 444 Senior Staff members called to vote, 228 voted. The results are: Electoral Group 1 Name\tDepartment\tVotes Patrick Janot\tPH\t52 Marcello Mannelli\tPH\t26 Pippa Wells\tPH\t100 Electoral Group 2 Name\tDepartment\tVotes Austin Ball\tPH\t75 Doris Forkel-Wirth\tSC\t110 Paul Lecoq\tPH\t23 Pippa Wells is therefore elected in Group 1, and Doris Forkel-Wirth in Group 2. Their mandate is from July 2008 to June 2011. The committee now consists of these newly-elected members together with P. Collier AB, R. Landua DSU, R. Martens IT, A. Pace IT, E. Tsesmelis TS, A. Unnervik FI and E. Wildner AT. Sue Foffano – Polling Officer.

  9. Intercomparison of Satellite Derived Gravity Time Series with Inferred Gravity Time Series from TOPEX/POSEIDON Sea Surface Heights and Climatological Model Output

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cox, C.; Au, A.; Klosko, S.; Chao, B.; Smith, David E. (Technical Monitor)

    2001-01-01

    The upcoming GRACE mission promises to open a window on details of the global mass budget that will have remarkable clarity, but it will not directly answer the question of what the state of the Earth's mass budget is over the critical last quarter of the 20th century. To address that problem we must draw upon existing technologies such as SLR, DORIS, and GPS, and climate modeling runs in order to improve our understanding. Analysis of long-period geopotential changes based on SLR and DORIS tracking has shown that addition of post 1996 satellite tracking data has a significant impact on the recovered zonal rates and long-period tides. Interannual effects such as those causing the post 1996 anomalies must be better characterized before refined estimates of the decadal period changes in the geopotential can be derived from the historical database of satellite tracking. A possible cause of this anomaly is variations in ocean mass distribution, perhaps associated with the recent large El Nino/La Nina. In this study, a low-degree spherical harmonic gravity time series derived from satellite tracking is compared with a TOPEX/POSEIDON-derived sea surface height time series. Corrections for atmospheric mass effects, continental hydrology, snowfall accumulation, and ocean steric model predictions will be considered.

  10. SINBAD—The accelerator R&D facility under construction at DESY

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dorda, U., E-mail: ulrich.dorda@desy.de [DESY, Hamburg & Zeuthen (Germany); Assmann, R.; Brinkmann, R.; Flöttmann, K.; Hartl, I.; Hüning, M.; Kärtner, F.; Fallahi, A.; Marchetti, B.; Nie, Y.; Osterhoff, J.; Schlarb, H.; Zhu, J. [DESY, Hamburg & Zeuthen (Germany); Maier, A.R. [University Hamburg (Germany)

    2016-09-01

    The SINBAD facility (Short INnovative Bunches and Accelerators at DESY) is a long-term dedicated accelerator research and development facility currently under construction at DESY. It will be located in the premises of the old DORIS accelerator complex and host multiple independent experiments cost-effectively accessing the same central infrastructure like a central high power laser. With the removal of the old DORIS accelerator being completed, the refurbishment of the technical infrastructure is currently starting up. The presently ongoing conversion of the area into the SINBAD facility and the currently foreseen layout is described. The first experiment will use a compact S-band linac for the production of ultra-short bunches at hundred MeV. Once established, one of the main usages will be to externally inject electrons into a laser-driven plasma wakefield accelerator to boost the energy to GeV-level while maintaining a usable beam quality, ultimately aiming to drive an FEL. The second experiment already under planning is the setup of an attosecond radiation source with advanced technology. Further usage of the available space and infrastructure is revised and national and international collaborations are being established.

  11. Impact of ITRS 2014 realizations on altimeter satellite precise orbit determination

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zelensky, Nikita P.; Lemoine, Frank G.; Beckley, Brian D.; Chinn, Douglas S.; Pavlis, Despina E.

    2018-01-01

    This paper evaluates orbit accuracy and systematic error for altimeter satellite precise orbit determination on TOPEX, Jason-1, Jason-2 and Jason-3 by comparing the use of four SLR/DORIS station complements from the International Terrestrial Reference System (ITRS) 2014 realizations with those based on ITRF2008. The new Terrestrial Reference Frame 2014 (TRF2014) station complements include ITRS realizations from the Institut National de l'Information Géographique et Forestière (IGN) ITRF2014, the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) JTRF2014, the Deutsche Geodätisches Forschungsinstitut (DGFI) DTRF2014, and the DORIS extension to ITRF2014 for Precise Orbit Determination, DPOD2014. The largest source of error stems from ITRF2008 station position extrapolation past the 2009 solution end time. The TRF2014 SLR/DORIS complement impact on the ITRF2008 orbit is only 1-2 mm RMS radial difference between 1992-2009, and increases after 2009, up to 5 mm RMS radial difference in 2016. Residual analysis shows that station position extrapolation error past the solution span becomes evident even after two years, and will contribute to about 3-4 mm radial orbit error after seven years. Crossover data show the DTRF2014 orbits are the most accurate for the TOPEX and Jason-2 test periods, and the JTRF2014 orbits for the Jason-1 period. However for the 2016 Jason-3 test period only the DPOD2014-based orbits show a strong and statistically significant margin of improvement. The positive results with DTRF2014 suggest the new approach to correct station positions or normal equations for non-tidal loading before combination is beneficial. We did not find any compelling POD advantage in using non-linear over linear station velocity models in our SLR & DORIS orbit tests on the Jason satellites. The JTRF2014 proof-of-concept ITRS realization demonstrates the need for improved SLR+DORIS orbit centering when compared to the Ries (2013) CM annual model. Orbit centering error is seen as an annual

  12. A sustainability model based on cloud infrastructures for core and downstream Copernicus services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manunta, Michele; Calò, Fabiana; De Luca, Claudio; Elefante, Stefano; Farres, Jordi; Guzzetti, Fausto; Imperatore, Pasquale; Lanari, Riccardo; Lengert, Wolfgang; Zinno, Ivana; Casu, Francesco

    2014-05-01

    The incoming Sentinel missions have been designed to be the first remote sensing satellite system devoted to operational services. In particular, the Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) Sentinel-1 sensor, dedicated to globally acquire over land in the interferometric mode, guarantees an unprecedented capability to investigate and monitor the Earth surface deformations related to natural and man-made hazards. Thanks to the global coverage strategy and 12-day revisit time, jointly with the free and open access data policy, such a system will allow an extensive application of Differential Interferometric SAR (DInSAR) techniques. In such a framework, European Commission has been funding several projects through the GMES and Copernicus programs, aimed at preparing the user community to the operational and extensive use of Sentinel-1 products for risk mitigation and management purposes. Among them, the FP7-DORIS, an advanced GMES downstream service coordinated by Italian National Council of Research (CNR), is based on the fully exploitation of advanced DInSAR products in landslides and subsidence contexts. In particular, the DORIS project (www.doris-project.eu) has developed innovative scientific techniques and methodologies to support Civil Protection Authorities (CPA) during the pre-event, event, and post-event phases of the risk management cycle. Nonetheless, the huge data stream expected from the Sentinel-1 satellite may jeopardize the effective use of such data in emergency response and security scenarios. This potential bottleneck can be properly overcome through the development of modern infrastructures, able to efficiently provide computing resources as well as advanced services for big data management, processing and dissemination. In this framework, CNR and ESA have tightened up a cooperation to foster the use of GRID and cloud computing platforms for remote sensing data processing, and to make available to a large audience advanced and innovative tools for DIn

  13. User fee exemptions and excessive household spending for normal delivery in Burkina Faso: the need for careful implementation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ameur Amal

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In 2006, the Parliament of Burkina Faso passed a policy to reduce the direct costs of obstetric services and neonatal care in the country’s health centres, aiming to lower the country’s high national maternal mortality and morbidity rates. Implementation was via a “partial exemption” covering 80% of the costs. In 2008 the German NGO HELP launched a pilot project in two health districts to eliminate the remaining 20% of user fees. Regardless of any exemptions, women giving birth in Burkina Faso’s health centres face additional expenses that often represent an additional barrier to accessing health services. We compared the total cost of giving birth in health centres offering partial exemption versus those with full exemption to assess the impact on additional out-of-pocket fees. Methods A case–control study was performed to compare medical expenses. Case subjects were women who gave birth in 12 health centres located in the Dori and Sebba districts, where HELP provided full fee exemption for obstetric services and neonatal care. Controls were from six health centres in the neighbouring Djibo district where a partial fee exemption was in place. A random sample of approximately 50 women per health centre was selected for a total of 870 women. Results There was an implementation gap regarding the full exemption for obstetric services and neonatal care. Only 1.1% of the sample from Sebba but 17.5% of the group from Dori had excessive spending on birth related costs, indicating that women who delivered in Sebba were much less exposed to excessive medical expenses than women from Dori. Additional out-of-pocket fees in the full exemption health districts took into account household ability to pay, with poorer women generally paying less. Conclusions We found that the elimination of fees for facility-based births benefits especially the poorest households. The existence of excessive spending related to direct costs of

  14. Copernicus POD Service: Ready for Sentinel-3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peter, H.; Fernández, J.; Escobar, D.; Féménias, P.; Flohrer, C.; Otten, M.

    2015-12-01

    The Copernicus POD Service is part of the Copernicus PDGS Ground Segment of the Sentinel missions. A GMV-led consortium is operating the Copernicus POD Service being in charge of generating precise orbital products and auxiliary data files for their use as part of the processing chains of the respective Sentinel PDGS. The Sentinel-1, -2 & -3 missions have different but very demanding requirements in terms of orbital accuracy and timeliness. Orbital products in Near Real Time (latency: 30 min), Short Time Critical (1.5 days) and Non-time Critical (20-30 days) are required. The accuracy requirements are very challenging, targeting 5 cm in 3D for Sentinel-1 and 2-3 cm in radial direction for Sentinel-3. Sentinel-3A carries, in addition to a GPS receiver a laser retro reflector and a DORIS receiver. On the one hand, the three different techniques GPS, SLR and DORIS make POD more complex but, on the other hand, it is very helpful to have independent techniques available for validation of the orbit results. The successful POD processing for Sentinel-1A is a good preparation for Sentinel-3A due to the similar demanding orbit accuracy requirements. The Copernicus POD Service is ready for Sentinel-3A and the service will process GPS and SLR data routinely and has the capacity to process DORIS in NTC and reprocessing campaigns. The three independent orbit determination techniques on Sentinel-3 offer big potential for scientific exploitation. Carrying all three techniques together makes the satellite, e.g., very useful for combining all the techniques on observation level as it could only be done for Jason-2 until now. The Sentinel POD Quality Working Group strongly supporting the CPOD Service delivers additional orbit solutions to validate the CPOD results independently. The recommendations from this body guarantee that the CPOD Service is updated following state-of-the-art algorithms, models and conventions. The QWG also focuses on the scientific exploitation of the

  15. Otra forma de decir

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sofía Cabrera

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available La Casa Viuda de Doris Salcedo es el punto de partida para una reflexión sobre el ser político del arte, desde el silencio de la conmemoración. Esta obra despliega una relación esencial entre el espacio existencial y el espacio artístico que rastreamos en tres direcciones: como un espacio histórico y fenoménico en la concepción del espacio como acontecimiento, en la relación ontológica y comunicativa del arte y la cultura que pone la obra como presentación y como representación y en el carácter transgresor de la obra que conmemora el espacio y el dolor del otro

  16. The Impact of Temporal Geopotential Variations on GPS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melachroinos, Stavros; Lemoine, Frank G.; Zelensky, Nikita P.; Beckley, Brian D.; Chinn, Douglas S.; Nicholas, Joseph B.; McCarthy, John J.; Pennington, Teresa; Luthcke, Scott B.

    2012-01-01

    Lemoine et al. (2006) and Lemoine et al. (2010) showed that applying more detailed models of time-variable gravity (TVG) improved the quality of the altimeter satellite orbits (e.g. TOPEX/Poseidon, Jason-1, Jason-2). This modeling include application of atmospheric gravity derived from 6-hrly pressure fields obtained from the ECMWF and annual gravity variations to degree & order 20x20 in spherical harmonics derived from GRACE data. This approach allowed the development of a consistent geophysical model for application to altimeter satellite orbit determination from 1993 to 2011. In addition, we have also evaluated the impact of TVG modeling on the POD of Jason-1 and Jason-2 by application of a weekly degree & order four gravity coefficient time series developed using data from ten SLR & DORIS-tracked satellites from 1993 to 2011 (Lemoine et al., 2011).

  17. Bibliographie générale

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Aalund (F.). — « La wakāla Bazār‛a », in Arkitekten, Copenhague, 1977. ‛Abd al-Laṭif Aḥmad (Laïla), al-Idāra fī Miṣr fi l‛aṣr al-‛uṯmānī, Le Caire, 1978. Abdul Tawab (A.) et Raymond (Α.). — « La waqfiyya de Muṣṭafā Ğa‛far », in Annales Islamologiques, XIV. 1978, 177-193. ‛Abd ar-Rāziq (Aḥmad). — La femme au temps des Mamelouks en Égypte, Le Caire, I.F.A.O., 1973. Abu-Lughod (Janet). — Cairo, Princeton, 1971. Abouseif (Doris). — « The north-eastern Extensions of Cairo under the Mamluks », in A...

  18. UPSILON'(10.01) resonance parameters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Niczyporuk, B.; Zeludziewicz, T.; Chen, K.W.; Hartung, R.

    1980-09-01

    The resonance parameters of the UPSILON'(10.01) were measured using the LENA detector at the DORIS e + e - storage ring. We obtained a mass of M(UPSILON') = (10 013.6 +- 1.2 +- 10.0) MeV and an electronic width of GAMMAsub(ee)(UPSILON') = (0.53 +- 0.07sup(+0.09)sub(-0.05) keV. The upper limit set to the μ-pair branching ratio is 3.8% which implies a lower limit on the total UPSILON' widUPSILON parameters we obtain a mass difference M(UPSILON') - M(UPSILON) = (552.0 +- 1.3 +- 10.0) MeV and GAMMAsub(ee)UPSILON')/ = 0.43 +- 0.07sup(+0.05)sub(-0.00). (orig.)

  19. Support of experimental high energy physics research at the University of South Carolina. Final technical report, February 1992 - February 1996

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purohit, M.V.; Rosenfeld, C.; Wilson, J.R.

    1996-01-01

    This brief report summarizes the activities of the University of South Carolina's high energy physics group during the three-year period. The activities of the group began in 1980 under a predecessor grant from DOE, and continue today under a successor grant. The retirements of one grant in favor of another were for reasons of administrative convenience or necessity. The characterization of the report as final is not reflective of the group's projects, which by-and-large continue with support from the successor grant. The experiments with which the USC group had some significant relationship during the period of this grant were ARGUS (at DESY's DORIS e + e - collider), AMY (at KEK's TRISTAN e + e - collider). Fermilab E687, Fermilab E789, Fermilab E791, Fermilab E803, and Fermilab E872. The authors give a brief synopsis of USC's participation in each of these projects and a few projects of lesser magnitude as well

  20. Slow scan sit detector for x-ray diffraction studies using synchrotron radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Milch, J.R.

    1978-01-01

    A TV-type x-ray detector using a SIT vidicon has been used for biological diffraction studies at the EMBL outstation at DESY, Hamburg, Germany. The detector converts the two-dimensional diffraction pattern to a charge pattern on the vidicon target, which is read out in the slow-scan mode. This detector has high DOE, no count-rate limit, and is simple and inexpensive to construct. Radiation from the storage ring DORIS was used to study the structure of live muscle at various phases of contraction. Typically the count-rate on the detector was 10 6 x-rays/sec and a total exposure of a few seconds was needed to record the weak diffraction from muscle. This compares with usual exposure times of several hours using a rotating anode generator and film

  1. Linaje, patrimonio y prestigio. La nobleza titulada de la ciudad de Quito en el siglo XVIII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Büschges, Christian

    1999-06-01

    Full Text Available La nobleza colonial, a pesar del esfuerzo pionero de Doris Ladd sobre Nueva España, es todavía un grupo poco conocido en la historia social de América Latina. El presente artículo analiza la realidad social de la nobleza titulada de Quito durante la época colonial tardía, centrándose en el prestigio, el patrimonio y la función que la hicieron aparecer como una parte destacada de la capa social alta, o sea la nobleza, de la ciudad. De una parte, se consideran particularmente la base y las actividades económicas, el ejercicio de empleos y cargos, así como las relaciones de parentesco y su trascendencia socioeconómica; de la otra, se discute la posición de este grupo en la capa alta de la sociedad.

  2. The Space Geodesy Project and Radio Frequency Interference Characterization and Mitigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawrence, Hilliard M.; Beaudoin, C.; Corey, B. E.; Tourain, C. L.; Petrachenko, B.; Dickey, John

    2013-01-01

    The Space Geodesy Project (SGP) development by NASA is an effort to co-locate the four international geodetic techniques Satellite Laser Ranging (SLR) and Lunar Laser Ranging (LLR), Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI), Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS), and Doppler Orbitography and Radiopositioning Integrated by Satellite (DORIS) into one tightly referenced campus and coordinated reference frame analysis. The SGP requirement locates these stations within a small area to maintain line-of-sight and frequent automated survey known as the vector tie system. This causes a direct conflict with the new broadband VLBI technique. Broadband means 2-14 GHz, and RFI susceptibility at -80 dBW or higher due to sensitive RF components in the front end of the radio receiver.

  3. Resonance formation in γγ-collisions - as observed with the Crystal Ball detector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bienlein, J.K.

    1991-01-01

    Analysis of two-photon reactions with the Crystal Ball detector at the DORIS-II e + e - storage ring (E beam = 5 GeV) resulted in a complete set of data on γγ-formation of mesons. The data are best represented by their helicity matrix elements. For isoscalar mesons the mixing of non-strange and strange quark constituents can be derived. A highly efficient selection of the channel γγ → π 0 π 0 yielded 7000 events with (M(π 0 π 0 ) > 800 MeV/c 2 . A partial wave decomposition became possible and showed under the f 2 (1270) a scalar meson resonance f 0 (1250) with 4.0 standard deviations. In the same analysis 23 events of γγ → ηη have been found. (orig.)

  4. New Crystal Ball data on resonance formation by γγ-collisions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bienlein, J.K.

    1992-01-01

    The Crystal Ball detector at DORIS-II has observed a hitherto unknown (though expected) resonance at 1870 MeV/c 2 in the reaction γγ → ηπ o π o . Decay angular distributions and subsystem invariant masses favor the assignment η 2 (1870), a J PC = 2 -+ resonance. An efficient selection of the reaction γγ → π o π o yielded 7000 events. Angular distributions in narrow mass bins became possible and allowed the decomposition of the cross section into S- and D-wave contributions. Thus an f 0 (1250) resonance was found under the dominating f 2 (1270). The search for the channel γγ →ηη in the same selection yielded only (16 ± 6) events. (orig.)

  5. Synchrotron radiation sources

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    van Steenbergen, A.

    1979-01-01

    As a result of the exponential growth of the utilization of synchrotron radiation for research in the domain of the material sciences, atomic and molecular physics, biology and technology, a major construction activity has been generated towards new dedicated electron storage rings, designed optimally for synchrotron radiation applications, also, expansion programs are underway at the existing facilities, such as DORIS, SPEAR, and VEPP. In this report the basic properties of synchrotron radiation will be discussed, a short overview will be given of the existing and new facilities, some aspects of the optimization of a structure for a synchrotron radiation source will be discussed and the addition of wigglers and undulators for spectrum enhancement will be described. Finally, some parameters of an optimized synchrotron radiation source will be given.

  6. Evidence for weakly new hadrons in e+e- collisions above 4 GeV cms

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Braunschweig, W.; Martyn, H.U.; Sander, H.G.; Schmitz, D.; Sturm, W.; Wallraff, W.; Cords, D.; Felst, R.; Fries, R.; Gadermann, E.

    1976-07-01

    Single electrons produced with hadrons in e + e - collisions at cms energies of 4.0 to 4.2 GeV have been observed at DORIS using the double arm spectrometer DASP. The measured electron spectrum peaks at low momentum and the associated hadron multiplicity is high. These experimental results are consistent with the electromagnetic production and weak decay of a hadron with a new quantum number that is conserved by the strong and electromganetic interaction. The electron yield at 3.7 GeV (the PSI' resonance) and at lower energies was found to be consistent with the estimated background, indicating that the production threshold lies between 3.7 and 4.0 GeV. (orig.) [de

  7. Kuressaarest kaks laureaaditiitlit / Riina Mägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mägi, Riina, 1957-

    2008-01-01

    Maakondlikust etlejate konkursist. Žüriisse kuulusid Maret Oomer, Asta Leiten ja Kalle Piiskoppel. 5.-7. klasside arvestuses I koht: Marleen Petersell. Äramärkimist leidsid: Kristian Käresk, Maarja-Liis Mölder ja Anita Tuula. 7.-9. klasside arvestuses I koht: Oliver Taul. Esile tõsteti: Rauno Reinas, Riko Osila, Linda Maisväli ja Piia Puuraid. 10.-12. klasside arvestuses I koht: Karl Sakrits. Ära märgiti: Elin Küti, Virgo Ernits, Maria Orb. Kommenteerisid Asta Leiten, Liann Saage-Vahur. Ka Kuressaares toimunud vabariiklikust etlejate konkursist, kommentaare jagasid Merle Rekaya, Rita Ilves. Zhürisse kuulusid Aare Toikka, Tiina Rebane, Hans Kaldoja, Kristiina Omer ja Keete Viira. Peapreemia nooremas vanuseastmes Markkus Pulgale, keskmises vanuseastmes Anna Talvile ja vanemas vanuseastmes Doris Täkkerile.

  8. Measurement of exclusive one-prong and inclusive three-prong branching ratios of the τ lepton

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Albrecht, H.; Ehrlichmann, H.; Hamacher, T.; Krueger, A.; Nau, A.; Nippe, A.; Reidenbach, M.; Schaefer, M.; Schroeder, H.; Schulz, H.D.; Sefkow, F.; Wurth, R.; Appuhn, R.D.; Hast, C.; Herrera, G.; Kolanoski, H.; Lange, A.; Lindner, A.; Mankel, R.; Schieber, M.; Siegmund, T.; Spaan, B.; Thurn, H.; Toepfer, D.; Walther, A.; Wegener, D.; Britton, D.I.; Charlesworth, C.E.K.; Edwards, K.W.; Kapitza, H.; Krieger, P.; Kutschke, R.; MacFarlane, D.B.; Orr, R.S.; Patel, P.M.; Prentice, J.D.; Seidel, S.C.; Tsipolitis, G.; Tzamariudaki, K.; Van de Water, R.G.; Yoon, T.S.; Ressing, D.; Schael, S.; Schubert, K.R.; Strahl, K.; Waldi, R.; Weseler, S.; Childers, R.; Darden, C.W.

    1991-07-01

    Using the ARGUS detector at the DORIS II storage ring, we have studied τ decays with one or three charged particles in the final state, obtaining the following values for the branching ratios: BR(τ - → e - anti ν e ν τ ) = (17.3 ± 0.4 ± 0.5)%, BR(τ - → μ - anti ν μ ν τ ) = (17.2 ± 0.4 ± 0.5)%. BR(τ - → π - ν τ ) + BR(τ - → K - ν τ ) = (11.7 ± 0.6 ± 0.8)%, and BR(τ - → 3 - prong) = (13.3 ± 0.3 ± 0.8)%. These measurements confirm the present world average with a precision, in each case, comparable to the error on the combination of all previous results. (orig.)

  9. An assessment of gravity model improvements using TOPEX/Poseidon TDRSS observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Putney, B. H.; Teles, J.; Eddy, W. F.; Klosko, S. M.

    1992-01-01

    The contribution of TOPEX/Poseidon (T/P) TDRSS data to geopotential model recovery is assessed. Simulated TDRSS one-way and Bilateration Ranging Transponder System (BRTS) observations have been generated and orbitally reduced to form normal equations for geopotential parameters. These normals have been combined with those of the latest prelaunch T/P gravity model solution using data from over 30 satellites. A study of the resulting solution error covariance shows that TDRSS can make important contributions to geopotential recovery, especially for improving T/P specific effects like those arising from orbital resonance. It is argued that future effort is desirable both to establish TDRSS orbit determination limits in a reference frame compatible with that used for the precise laser/DORIS orbits, and the reduction of these TDRSS data for geopotential recovery.

  10. The ARGUS time-of-flight system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Heller, R.; Klinger, T.; Salomon, R.; Schubert, K.R.; Stiewe, J.; Waldi, R.; Weseler, S.

    1985-01-01

    The time-of-flight system of the ARGUS detector at the DORIS e + e - storage ring consists of 64 barrel scintillation counters covering 75% of 4π, and 2x48 end cap counters, covering 17% of 4π. The barrel counters are viewed by two phototubes each, while the end cap counters have one tube only. The time-of-flight system serves as a part of the fast trigger and identifies charged particles. The time resolution achieved during the first year of ARGUS operation is 210 ps for Bhabhas (which are used for the off-line monitoring of the system), and 220 ps for hadrons, both in barrel and end cap counters. This converts into a three standard deviation mass separation up to 700 MeV/c between pions and kaons and 1200 MeV/c between kaons and protons. Electrons can be separated from heavier particles up to 230 MeV/c. (orig.)

  11. Generating precise and homogeneous orbits for Jason-1 and Jason-2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flohrer, Claudia; Otten, Michiel; Springer, Tim; Dow, John M.

    -bined GPS/GLONASS IGS solution from 2002-2009 for the generation of 30 second satellite clocks, which enabled us to use 30 second-sampled GPS observations in our POD process. Data of all three tracking instruments on-board the satellites, i.e. GPS, DORIS, and SLR measure-ments, were used in a combined data analysis. About 8 years of Jason-1 data and about 2 years of Jason-2 data were processed. We present the orbit determination results, focusing on the benefits when adding the 30 second-sampled GPS data (used together with DORIS and SLR measurements) to the solution. We evaluate the orbit accuracy by analysing post-fit residuals, orbit overlap errors, and orbit differences between our orbits and external orbits generated by other analysis centres. The consistency between our solutions and external orbits is below the 1 cm level in the radial direction, the most crucial component for altimetry height measurements. In the cross-track component we observe a clear improvement when adding GPS data to the POD process. The use of GPS data also seems to improve the DORIS data processing, as the DORIS post-fit residuals clearly benefit.

  12. President of CERN Council discusses women in leadership

    CERN Multimedia

    Lidia Kleshchenko, IO-MBA student

    2015-01-01

    Agnieszka Zalewska, President of CERN Council, participated in the Annual High-Level Forum “Women in Leadership”, which took place on 29 April in Geneva. The event was organised by a group of students participating in the International Organizations MBA (IO-MBA) programme at the University of Geneva, which has maintained a friendly relationship with CERN since its creation.   From left to right: Ambassador Suzan LeVine, Prof. Doris Schopper and Prof. Agnieszka Zalewska. (Image: Lidia Kleshchenko.) The forum gathered influential leaders from Geneva, Bern, Rome and Krakow to discuss the perceptions, challenges and opportunities that women face in leading roles in international organisations. The panellists were Irene Khan, Director-General of the International Development Law Organization, Suzan LeVine, United States Ambassador to Switzerland and Liechtenstein, Michael Møller, United Nations Under-Secretary-General and Acting Director-General of the United Nation...

  13. GPS Position Time Series @ JPL

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owen, Susan; Moore, Angelyn; Kedar, Sharon; Liu, Zhen; Webb, Frank; Heflin, Mike; Desai, Shailen

    2013-01-01

    Different flavors of GPS time series analysis at JPL - Use same GPS Precise Point Positioning Analysis raw time series - Variations in time series analysis/post-processing driven by different users. center dot JPL Global Time Series/Velocities - researchers studying reference frame, combining with VLBI/SLR/DORIS center dot JPL/SOPAC Combined Time Series/Velocities - crustal deformation for tectonic, volcanic, ground water studies center dot ARIA Time Series/Coseismic Data Products - Hazard monitoring and response focused center dot ARIA data system designed to integrate GPS and InSAR - GPS tropospheric delay used for correcting InSAR - Caltech's GIANT time series analysis uses GPS to correct orbital errors in InSAR - Zhen Liu's talking tomorrow on InSAR Time Series analysis

  14. People and things. CERN Courier, July-August 1982, v. 22(6)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1982-01-01

    The article reports on achievements of various people, staff changes and position opportunities within the CERN organization and contains news updates on upcoming or past events. The CUSB detector at Cornell's CESR electron-positron ring has seen evidence for a new upsilonlike state in the decays of the third (3S) upsilon. After six months of rebuilding and reconstruction, the DORIS electron-positron ring at DESY was switched on again on 9 May. This year's edition of the Particle Properties Data Booklet, the high energy physicists' bible for many years, marks the 25th year of the 'Particle Data Group'. Representatives of seven groups concerned with data compilation in particle physics met in April at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory to discuss the present status of the numerical data services they provide for a large community of experimental and theoretical physicists

  15. Review of e+e- experiments with PLUTO from 3 to 31 GeV

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Criegee, L.; Knies, G.

    1981-07-01

    The contributions of the PLUTO experiment to e + e - physics at collision energies in the range of 3-31 GeV are reviewed. The review briefly sketches the storage rings DORIS and PETRA at DESY, and describes the most important features of the PLUTO detector, of data processing, and of the analysis methods. It covers the physics results in the fields of electroweak interactions, of the heavy lepton tau and the search for still heavier leptons, of hadron production with evidence for quark and gluon jets, as well as multiparton effects, of UPSILON decays and their relation to QCD, and concludes with first results in high-energy photon-photon interactions. (orig.)

  16. Production and decay of the F-meson in e+e- annihilation at 10 GeV centre-of-mass energy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Albrecht, H.; Binder, U.; Drews, G.; Harder, G.; Hasemann, H.; Philipp, A.; Schmidt-Parzefall, W.; Schroeder, H.; Schulz, H.D.; Selonke, F.; Wurth, R.; Drescher, A.; Graewe, B.; Hofmann, W.; Markees, A.; Matthiesen, U.; Scheck, H.; Spengler, J.; Wegener, D.; Edwards, K.W.; Yun, J.C.; Frisken, W.R.; Fukunaga, C.; Goddard, M.; Gilkinson, D.J.; Gingrich, D.M.; Kim, P.C.H.; Kutschke, R.; MacFarlane, D.B.; McKenna, J.A.; Orr, R.S.; Padley, P.; Prentice, J.D.; Seywerd, H.C.J.; Stacey, B.J.; Yoon, T.S.; Ammar, R.; Coppage, D.; Davis, R.; Kanekal, S.; Kwak, N.; Boeckmann, P.; Joensson, L.; Oku, Y.; Childers, R.; Darden, C.W.; Gennow, H.

    1984-12-01

    Using the ARGUS detector at DORIS, we have observed the production of Fsup(+-) mesons in e + e - annihilation at a centre of mass energy of 10 GeV through their subsequent decays into PHIπsup(+-) and PHIπ + π - πsup(+-). The values obtained for [R(e + e - -> F x). Branching Ratio] are (1.47 +- 0.32 +- 0.20)% and (1.63 +- 0.42 +- 0.41)% respectively. The observed mass is (1973.6 +- 2.6 +- 3.0) MeV/c 2 . The F momentum spectrum is as expected for the fragmentation of c quarks into charmed mesons, but is somewhat softer than for fragmentation into Dsup(*) mesons. The relevant angular distributions are consistent with a spin zero assignment of the F meson. (orig.)

  17. QCD in e+e- annihilation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ali, A.

    1981-04-01

    The promise of e + e - annihilation as an ideal laboratory to test Quantum Chromodynamics, QCD, has been the dominating theme in elementary particle physics during the last several years. An attempt is made to partially survey the subject in deep perturbative region in e + e - annihilation where theoretical ambiguities are minimal. Topics discussed include a review of the renormalization group methods relevant for e + e - annihilation, total hadronic cross section, jets and large-psub(T) phenomena, non-perturbative quark and gluon fragmentation effects and analysis of the jet distributions measured at DORIS, SPEAR and PETRA. My hope is to review realistic tests of QCD in e + e - annihilation - as opposed to the ultimate tests, which abound in literature. (orig.)

  18. Probing two-photon exchange with OLYMPUS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kohl, M.

    2014-01-01

    Two-photon exchange is believed to be responsible for the discrepancies in the proton electric to magnetic form factor ratio found with the Rosenbluth and polarization transfer methods. If this explanation is correct, one expects significant differences in the lepton-proton cross sections between positrons and electrons. The OLYMPUS experiment at DESY in Hamburg, Germany was designed to measure the ratio of unpolarized positron-proton and electron-proton elastic scattering cross sections over a wide kinematic range with high precision, in order to quantify the effect of two-photon exchange. The experiment used intense beams of electrons and positrons stored in the DORIS ring at 2.0 GeV interacting with an internal windowless hydrogen gas target. The current status of OLYMPUS will be discussed. (authors)

  19. Investigation of the decays anti B0 → D*+l-anti ν and anti B → D**l-anti ν

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Albrecht, H.; Ehrlichmann, H.; Hamacher, T.; Hofmann, R.P.; Kirchhoff, T.; Nau, A.; Nowak, S.; Schroeder, H.; Schulz, H.D.; Walter, M.; Wurth, R.; Appuhn, R.D.; Hast, C.; Kolanoski, H.; Lange, A.; Lindner, A.; Mankel, R.; Schieber, M.; Siegmund, T.; Spaan, B.; Thurn, H.; Toepfer, D.; Walther, A.; Wegener, D.; Britton, D.I.; Charlesworth, C.E.K.; Edwards, K.W.; Hyatt, E.R.F.; Kapitza, H.; Krieger, P.; MacFarlane, D.B.; Patel, P.M.; Prentice, J.D.; Saull, P.R.B.; Tzamariudaki, K.; Van de Water, R.G.; Yoon, T.S.; Ressing, D.; Schmidtler, M.; Schneider, M.; Schubert, K.R.; Strahl, K.; Waldi, R.; Weseler, S.

    1993-01-01

    Exclusive semileptonic B decays with a D *+ meson in the final state have been studied using the ARGUS detector at the DORIS II storage ring. The branching ratio for the decay anti B 0 →D *+ l - anti ν, where l - is either e - or μ - , has been measured to be (5.2±0.5±0.6)%. A significant rate for the decay anti B→D ** l - anti ν has been observed. From an angular analysis of the cascade anti B 0 →D *+ (→D 0 π + )l - anti ν the forward-backward asymmetry A FB and the D *+ polarization parameter α have been determined to be A FB =0.20±0.08±0.06 and α=1.1±0.4±0.2. (orig.)

  20. CERN’s experiment database gets a facelift

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin

    2015-01-01

    Since 1975, the CERN Grey Book database has stored data on the Organization’s research programme, including all the experiments and projects, their collaborating institutes and their participants. Fifteen years after the last release of its web interface, the Grey Book recently underwent a complete revamp. Visit the new site at the usual URL: greybook.cern.ch.   The new Grey Book interface was launched last week, providing a more modern and dynamic tool for the many users of the CERN research programme database. All approved and recognised experiments are entered in the CERN Grey Book database following decisions taken by the Research Board (see boxes). “In recent years, CERN's research programme has evolved to include more and more projects that are run like experiment collaborations,” explains Doris Chromek-Burckhart, Head of the Users Office, which is in charge of maintaining the database. “Following this evolution, and together with the Sec...

  1. A submicron synchrotron X-ray beam generated by capillary optics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Engstroem, P.; Larsson, S.; Rindby, A.; Buttkewitz, A.; Garbe, S.; Gaul, G.; Knoechel, A.; Lechtenberg, F.; Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron

    1991-01-01

    A novel capillary optics technique for focusing synchrotron X-ray beams has been applied in an experiment performed at the DORIS storage ring at HASYLAB. This new technqiue, which utilizes the total reflection properties of X-rays inside small capillaries, has recently been applied to generate microbeams of X-rays, with a beam size down to about 10 μm using conventional X-ray tubes. The result from our recent experiment shows that capillary optics can also be used to generate a submicron beam of X-rays from a synchrotron light source. A description of the capillary unit, and the alignment procedure is given. The influence of the thermal load on the device caused by the intense flux of synchrotron radiation will be discussed. Future perspectives of the capillary techniques as applied to synchrotron radiation will be discussed. (orig.)

  2. Observation of B0-anti B0 mixing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Albrecht, H.; Andam, A.A.; Binder, U.; Boeckmann, P.; Glaeser, R.; Harder, G.; Nippe, A.; Schaefer, M.; Schmidt-Parzefall, W.; Schroeder, H.; Schulz, H.D.; Wurth, R.; Yagil, A.; Donker, J.P.; Drescher, A.; Kamp, D.; Kolanoski, H.; Matthiesen, U.; Scheck, H.; Spaan, B.; Spengler, J.; Wegener, D.; Frisken, W.R.; Gilkinson, D.J.; Gingrich, D.M.; Kim, P.C.H.; Kutschke, R.; McKenna, J.A.; Orr, R.S.; Padley, P.; Parsons, J.A.; Prentice, J.D.; Seywerd, H.C.J.; Swain, J.D.; Yoon, T.S.; MacFarlane, D.B.; McLean, K.W.; Nilsson, A.W.; Patel, P.M.; Tsipolitis, G.; Ammar, R.; Coppage, D.; Davis, R.; Kanekal, S.; Kwak, N.; Bostjancic, B.; Kernel, G.; Plesko, M.; Childers, R.; Darden, C.W.; Oku, Y.; Gennow, H.

    1987-01-01

    Using the ARGUS detector at the DORIS II storage ring we have searched in three different ways for B 0 -anti B 0 mixing in Υ (4S) decays. One explicitly mixed event, a decay Υ (4S) → B 0 B 0 , has been completely reconstructed. Furthermore, we observe a 4.0 standard deviation signal of 24.8 events with like-sign lepton pairs and a 3.0 standard deviation signal of 4.1 events containing one reconstructed B 0 (anti B 0 ) and an additional fast l + (l - ). This leads to the conclusion that B 0 -anti B 0 mixing is substantial. For the mixing parameter we obtain r = 0.21±0.08. (orig.)

  3. Un gong muet au fond de l’homme פֿאַראַן אַ גאָנג פֿון שטילקייט אין אַ מענטשן : אַ פּאָר ווערטער אין אָנדענק פֿון אַבֿרהם סוצקעווער A gong of silence inside of a man: a few words in memory of Avrom Sutzkever

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dory Manor

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available In this homage to one of the greatest Jewish poets of the XXth century, the Israeli poet Dory Manor explains how he discovered the work of Avrom Sutzkever and recounts the personal discussions that he later had with the Yiddish poet. This article is a reflexion on the place of Yiddish literature in Israeli collective imagination as well as about two roads that never met: the one of Israeli culture and the one of this great creator who lived and wrote in Tel-Aviv over the course of sixty-three years.דער העברעיִשער פּאָעט דורי מנור דערציילט ווי ער האָט אַנטפּלעקט אַבֿרהם סוצקעווערס שאַפֿונג, און זײַנע שפּעטערדיקע באַגעגענישן מיט סוצקעווערן גופֿא, וועמען ער באַצייכנט ווי איינעם פֿון די גרעסטע דיכטער פֿון 20סטן י“ה. דער אַרטיקל איז גלײַכצײַטיק אַן אַרײַנקלער אינעם אופֿן ווי ישׂראלים שטעלן זיך פֿאָר די ייִדיש–ליטעראַטור, און אין דער טראַגישער אומבאַגעגעניש צווישן דער ישׂראלדיקער קולטור און דעם ריזיקן מײַסטער, כאָטש ער האָט געלעבט און געשאַפֿן אין תּל–אַבֿיבֿ גאַנצע 63 יאָר.

  4. Acute coronary syndrome associated with Churg-Strauss syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annette Doris Wagner

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Annette Doris Wagner1, Gerd Peter Meyer2, Markus Rihl3, Anke Rathmann2, Ulrike Wittkop1, Henning Zeidler4, Hermann Haller1, Joachim Lotz51Department Internal Medicine, Division of Nephrology; 2Division of Cardiology; 3Division of Rheumatology; 4Rheumatologikum Hannover; 5Department of Diagnostic Radiology; Hannover Medical School, Carl-Neuberg-Strasse 1, 30625 Hannover, GermanyAbstract: A 41-year old female patient was admitted with acute onset of dyspnea and chest pain. Previous history revealed asthma, chronic sinusitis and eosinophilic proctitis. Electrocardiogram showed anterior ST-segment elevations and inferior ST-segment depression. Immediate heart catheterization revealed a distally occluded left anterior descending coronary artery, the occlusion being reversible after nitroglycerine. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging was consistent with perimyocarditis. Hypereosinophilia and IgE elevation were present and Churg-strauss syndrome was diagnosed.Keywords: Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS, carditis, cardiac MRI

  5. Electron positron annihilation from 3 to 11 GeV. ARGUS progress report 1984

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Darden, C. III.

    1985-01-01

    The ARGUS detector and the e + e - storage ring DORIS at DESY are used to investigate particles produced by the mutual annihilation of the e + and e - , including members of the upsilon family of mesons which are produced resonantly in the ring, and charm mesons, baryons, and charged leptons, which are produced nonresonantly. The ring delivered luminosity at the UPSILON(2S), UPSILON(4S), UPSILON(1S), and a small amount in the continuum. Results are briefly reviewed on the decay of D* +- and F +- mesons. It was found that antideuterons were produced in e + e - annihilation at 10 GeV. Evidence was found for the F* meson. Evidence was sought for the zeta particle. A fast processor was added to reduce dead time. The performance of the vertex drift chamber, beam pipe, inner compensation coils, main drift chamber, time of flight, shower and muon counters, and the storage ring are reviewed

  6. Observations of Λc+ semileptonic decay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Albrecht, H.; Ehrlichmann, H.; Hamacher, T.; Krueger, A.; Nau, A.; Nippe, A.; Reidenbach, M.; Schaefer, M.; Schroeder, H.; Schulz, H.D.; Sefkow, F.; Wurth, R.; Appuhn, R.D.; Hast, C.; Herrera, G.; Kolanoski, H.; Lange, A.; Lindner, A.; Mankel, R.; Schieber, M.; Siegmund, T.; Spaan, B.; Thurn, H.; Toepfer, D.; Walther, A.; Wegener, D.; Britton, D.I.; Charlesworth, C.E.K.; Edwards, K.W.; Kapitza, H.; Krieger, P.; Kutschke, R.; MacFarlane, D.B.; Orr, R.S.; Patel, P.M.; Prentice, J.D.; Seidel, S.C.; Tsipolitis, G.; Tzamariudaki, K.; Van de Water, R.G.; Yoon, T.S.; Ressing, D.; Schael, S.; Schubert, K.R.; Strahl, K.; Waldi, R.; Weseler, S.; Childers, R.; Darden, C.W.

    1991-06-01

    Direct observations of the semileptonic decay of Λ c + in the decay channels Λ c + →Λe + Χ and Λ c + →Λμ + Χ have been made using the ARGUS detector at the DORIS II e + e - storage ring. The cross section times branching ratio were found to be, σ(e + e - →Λ c + Χ).BR(Λ c + →Λe + Χ)=4.20±1.28±0.71 pb and σ(e + e - →Λ c + Χ).BR(Λ c + →Λμ + Χ)=3.91±2.02±0.90 pb. (orig.)

  7. Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY. Scientific annual report 1995

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1996-06-01

    As a result of the symbiosis between particle physics and synchrotron radiation research, the spectrum of research done at DESY is extraordinarily large, from research on elementary particles to solid state and surface physics, geosciences, chemistry and materials research up to molecular biology and medical diagnostics. This programme is unique in Europe. In 1995, research work was done by nearly 3000 scientists from 280 different institutions in 35 countries. About 1200 of these scientists were experts in particle physics. DESY is also one of the most important national research centers of Germany: The experimental facilities of HERA and DORIS III are used by about 1700 scientists from more than 90 German universities and research institutions. The annual report deals with research, machines and operation. (orig./DG) [de

  8. Characterization of potential zones of dust generation at eleven stations in the southern Sahara

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, I.; Assamoi, P.; Bertrand, J.; Giorgi, F.

    Synoptic wind data for multi-decadal periods at eleven stations located in the southern Sahara region (Agadez, Atar, Bilma, Dori, Gao, Kayes, Nema, Niamey, Nouadhibou, Ouagadougou and Tessalit) are used to study the monthly dust deflation power over the region. We found that, regardless of the conditions of the soil, the deflation power (or wind efficiency) is not sufficient to generate significant amounts of aerosols south of 15°N. North of this latitude, the deflation power is much larger, with potential zones of either very strong deflation (Nouadhibou and Bilma) or severe deflation (Gao, Tessalit, Nema, Atar, Agadez). Stations in the Sahel region such as Gao, Agadez and Tessalit are characterized by a gradual reinforcement of the deflation power between 1970 and 1984 in correspondence of increasing desertification over the region. During this same period, Bilma, a well know region of dust source, experienced a major reduction in deflation power due to shifts in large scale wind patterns.

  9. Women at CERN: Once upon a time…

    CERN Multimedia

    Antonella Del Rosso

    2015-01-01

    In 1995, a working group was set up to address the gender imbalance at CERN. Twenty years later, the people involved in the endeavour celebrated the long series of achievements recorded by today’s Diversity Office.     Situation in 1995: 14% women/total employees. Categories requiring university-level education = 5% women/total.     Top: The working group that submitted a report to the Management with recommendations to increase the number of women working at CERN (1995). From left to right: Maria Fidecaro, Sudeshna Datta-Cockerill, Irene Seis, Eva-Maria Gröniger-Voss, Linda Griffiths. Bottom: In 2015, the working group celebrates the achievements of the Diversity policy together with the various people who have been involved in its implementation. From left to right: Maria Fidecaro, Geneviève Guinot, Eva-Maria Gröniger-Voss, Sudeshna Datta-Cockerill, Irene Seis, Josi Schinzel, Doris Chromek-Burckhart. &nbs...

  10. High resolution absorption spectrum of nitrogen in the vacuum ultraviolet

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Guertler, P.; Saile, V.; Koch, E.E.

    1977-03-01

    The photoabsorption cross section of molecular N 2 has been determined in the range from 10-35 eV utilizing the continuum of synchrotron radiation from the DORIS storage ring, a 3 m normal incidence monochromator of 0.03 A resolution and photoelectrical recording. New detailed features are observed which make possible a refined analysis of the valence-Rydberg interaction of the b 1 πsub(u)-c 1 πsub(u), b' 1 Σ + sub(u)-c' 1 Σ + sub(u) states as well as an improved analysis of Rydberg series leading to the X 2 Σ + sub(g), the A 2 πsub(u), the B 2 Σ + sub(u) and the C 2 Σ + sub(u) states of the N + 2 ion. (orig.) [de

  11. Humor styles and personality: A meta-analysis of the relation between humor styles and the Big Five personality traits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendiburo-Seguel, Andrés; Páez, Darío; Martínez-Sánchez, Francisco

    2015-06-01

    This research summarizes the knowledge generated in social psychology and positive psychology about the relationship between humor styles, personality and wellbeing. Specifically, a meta-analysis was performed with the results of 15 studies on humor styles measured by the Humor Styles Questionnaire (Martin, Puhlik-Doris, Larsen, Gray & Weir, 2003) in correlation with the personality traits measured by the Big Five Personality model (measured with different scales). Following the steps presented by Rosenthal (1991) for meta-analysis in the case of correlational research, we calculated the total mean r as an indicator of effect size. Results show that affiliative humor has a strong and homogeneous relation to neuroticism and extraversion. The homogeneity and heterogeneity found between variables and possible explanations are discussed in the conclusion. © 2015 Scandinavian Psychological Associations and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  12. Introducing a New Software for Geodetic Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hjelle, Geir Arne; Dähnn, Michael; Fausk, Ingrid; Kirkvik, Ann-Silje; Mysen, Eirik

    2017-04-01

    At the Norwegian Mapping Authority, we are currently developing Where, a new software for geodetic analysis. Where is built on our experiences with the Geosat software, and will be able to analyse and combine data from VLBI, SLR, GNSS and DORIS. The software is mainly written in Python which has proved very fruitful. The code is quick to write and the architecture is easily extendable and maintainable, while at the same time taking advantage of well-tested code like the SOFA and IERS libraries. This presentation will show some of the current capabilities of Where, including benchmarks against other software packages, and outline our plans for further progress. In addition we will report on some investigations we have done experimenting with alternative weighting strategies for VLBI.

  13. The Global Geodetic Observing System: Space Geodesy Networks for the Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pearlman, Michael; Pavlis, Erricos; Ma, Chopo; Altamini, Zuheir; Noll, Carey; Stowers, David

    2011-01-01

    Ground-based networks of co-located space geodetic techniques (VLBI, SLR, GNSS. and DORIS) are the basis for the development and maintenance of the International Terrestrial Reference frame (ITRF), which is our metric of reference for measurements of global change, The Global Geodetic Observing System (GGOS) of the International Association of Geodesy (IAG) has established a task to develop a strategy to design, integrate and maintain the fundamental geodetic network and supporting infrastructure in a sustainable way to satisfy the long-term requirements for the reference frame. The GGOS goal is an origin definition at 1 mm or better and a temporal stability on the order of 0.1 mm/y, with similar numbers for the scale and orientation components. These goals are based on scientific requirements to address sea level rise with confidence, but other applications are not far behind. Recent studies including one by the US National Research Council has strongly stated the need and the urgency for the fundamental space geodesy network. Simulations are underway to examining accuracies for origin, scale and orientation of the resulting ITRF based on various network designs and system performance to determine the optimal global network to achieve this goal. To date these simulations indicate that 24 - 32 co-located stations are adequate to define the reference frame and a more dense GNSS and DORIS network will be required to distribute the reference frame to users anywhere on Earth. Stations in the new global network will require geologically stable sites with good weather, established infrastructure, and local support and personnel. GGOS wil seek groups that are interested in participation. GGOS intends to issues a Call for Participation of groups that would like to contribute in the network implementation and operation. Some examples of integrated stations currently in operation or under development will be presented. We will examine necessary conditions and challenges in

  14. The Crustal Dynamics Data Information System: A Resource to Support Scientific Analysis Using Space Geodesy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noll. Carey E.

    2010-01-01

    Since 1982. the Crustal Dynamics Data Information System (CDDIS) has supported the archive and distribution of geodetic data products acquired by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) as well as national and international programs. The CDDIS provides easy, timely, and reliable access to a variety of data sets, products, and information about these data. These measurements. obtained from a global network of nearly 650 instruments at more than 400 distinct sites, include DORIS (Doppler Orbitography and Radiopositioning Integrated by Satellite), GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System), SLR and LLR (Satellite and Lunar Laser Ranging), and VLBI (Very Long Baseline Interferometry). The CDDIS data system and its archive have become increasingly important to many national and international science communities, particularly several of the operational services within the International Association of Geodesy (IAG) and its observing system the Global Geodetic Observing System (GGOS), including the International DORIS Service (IDS), the International GNSS Service (IGS). the International Laser Ranging Service (ILRS), the International VLBI Service for Geodesy and Astrometry (IVS). and the International Earth rotation and Reference frame Service (IERS), Investigations resulting from the data and products available through the CDDIS support research in many aspects of Earth system science and global change. Each month, the CDDIS archives more than one million data and derived product files totaling over 90 Gbytes in volume. In turn. the global user community downloads nearly 1.2 TBytes (over 10.5 million files) of data and products from the CDDIS each month. The requirements of analysts have evolved since the start of the CDDIS; the specialized nature of the system accommodates the enhancements required to support diverse data sets and user needs. This paper discusses the CDDIS. including background information about the system and its. user communities

  15. NASA's Next Generation Space Geodesy Network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Desai, S. D.; Gross, R. S.; Hilliard, L.; Lemoine, F. G.; Long, J. L.; Ma, C.; McGarry, J. F.; Merkowitz, S. M.; Murphy, D.; Noll, C. E.; hide

    2012-01-01

    NASA's Space Geodesy Project (SGP) is developing a prototype core site for a next generation Space Geodetic Network (SGN). Each of the sites in this planned network co-locate current state-of-the-art stations from all four space geodetic observing systems, GNSS, SLR, VLBI, and DORIS, with the goal of achieving modern requirements for the International Terrestrial Reference Frame (ITRF). In particular, the driving ITRF requirements for this network are 1.0 mm in accuracy and 0.1 mm/yr in stability, a factor of 10-20 beyond current capabilities. Development of the prototype core site, located at NASA's Geophysical and Astronomical Observatory at the Goddard Space Flight Center, started in 2011 and will be completed by the end of 2013. In January 2012, two operational GNSS stations, GODS and GOON, were established at the prototype site within 100 m of each other. Both stations are being proposed for inclusion into the IGS network. In addition, work is underway for the inclusion of next generation SLR and VLBI stations along with a modern DORIS station. An automated survey system is being developed to measure inter-technique vectorties, and network design studies are being performed to define the appropriate number and distribution of these next generation space geodetic core sites that are required to achieve the driving ITRF requirements. We present the status of this prototype next generation space geodetic core site, results from the analysis of data from the established geodetic stations, and results from the ongoing network design studies.

  16. People and things. CERN Courier, January-February 1981, v. 21(1)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1981-01-01

    The article reports on achievements of various people, staff changes and position opportunities within the CERN organization and contains news updates on upcoming or past events; CERN elections and appointments; Collaboration agreement between Italian IN FN and the Sinic Academy of Sciences. In 1979, the CERN Committee of Council invited Armin Hermann of the University of Stuttgart to carry out a feasibility study, financed by the Volkswagen Foundation, on the writing of a history of CERN. On the basis of its findings, and a recdmmendation of the CERN History Advisory Committee, the Committee of Council has now authorized the history study which will be carried out by three European Science historians, led by Professor Hermann based at CERN. A few years ago the National Norwegian CERN Committee proposed that CERN might open its doors also to visitors from technical fields in the Member States. The idea is that visitors spending up to a year working in a CERN group, which is doing some front-line work in a technological field, will benefit personally and will carry further expertise back to the home country. A two-day workshop was held at Cornell in November to introduce the high energy physics community to the design of Q new 50 GeV electron- positron storage ring aimed at neutral intermediate boson physics. A very thorough polarization experiment for the direct determination of the amplitude in proton-proton elastic scattering has been carried out at the SIN cyclotron. A workshop is being held at DESY on 10-11 February to discuss the physics with the 2x5 GeV electronpositron DORIS storage ring and potential DORIS improvements; As an appropriate 'Goodwill to all men' message in this first issue of the New Year we reproduce the guidelines proposed by the International Committee for Future Accelerators for the 'interregional utilization of major regional experimental facilities for high energy particle physics research'

  17. La traslación de la mirada aborigen: Generación Robada y la mediación intertextual

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carrera Suárez, Isabel

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Following recent developments in adaptation studies, which tend to interrogate the intertextual relations between the written and the visual, this article analyses Rabbit-Proof Fence (Noyce, 2002, in terms of the complex intertextuality which brings it together: the source-book, Follow the Rabbit-Proof Fence (1996 by Doris Pilkington-Garimara; the Bringing Them Home (1997 report, about the forced separation of Aboriginal children from their families; the texts and political action for national reconciliation in Australia, and finally, the biographies and participation of the young actors and their indigenous communities. All contribute to the visual transfer and articulation of a film in which the interweaving of history and art is a constitutive element.

    Siguiendo el desarrollo reciente de los estudios sobre adaptación, que tienden a interrogar la relación intertextual entre el medio escrito y el cinematográfico, este artículo analiza la película Generación robada (Noyce, 2002, destacando la compleja intertextualidad que la compone: el libro que constituye el texto-fuente, Follow the Rabbit-Proof Fence (1996 de Doris Pilkington-Garimara; el informe Bringing Them Home (1997 sobre la separación forzada de niños aborígenes; los textos y actos políticos de la reconciliación nacional australiana y, finalmente, las biografías y la participación de las actrices aborígenes y sus comunidades. Todos ellos contribuyen a la traslación visual y la articulación de un film en el que la imbricación entre historia y arte es un elemento constitutivo.

  18. DESY: ARGUS bows out

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wagner, Albrecht

    1993-01-01

    Last year the ARGUS experiment at DESY's DORIS electron-positron storage ring stopped taking data after ten years of fruitful physics. Analysis and new results will continue for some time, but members of the group are already looking to new physics horizons. The ARGUS collaboration was formed in 1978 by groups from DESY, Dortmund, Heidelberg (IHEP), Lund, Moscow (ITEP), and South Carolina under the leadership of Walter Schmidt-Parzefall. Later groups joined from IPP Canada, Kansas, Ljubljana, Karlsruhe, Erlangen/Nurnberg, Heidelberg (MPI) and Dresden. The detector was conceived to investigate the physics of the beauty and charm quarks and the tau lepton at the upgraded DORIS II electronpositron storage ring. With a similar programme started by the CLEO collaboration at Cornell's CESR electron-positron collider, the resulting competition ensured good physics. ARGUS rolled into the beam in October 1982 and took data until October 1992. In May 1993 the decision was taken to stop further ARGUS running. During those ten years a broad spectrum of physics has been covered, including weak decays of beauty and charm quarks and tau leptons, hadron spectroscopy, quark/gluon mechanisms, photon-photon interactions and particle searches. In particular, ARGUS has made valuable contributions to determination of many fundamental constants of the Standard Model. These comprise measurements of quark transitions (CKM matrix elements) in the decays of B mesons (containing the beauty quark), the determination of the properties of the tau lepton and its neutrino, as well as a measurement of the quark coupling constant. The charm study has resulted in first observations of many charmed hadrons and decay modes. The study of quark and gluon mechanisms (fragmentation) has yielded valuable input for future experiments, while the first observations of new final states in photon-photon interactions have created much interest. A total luminosity of 520 inverse picobarns has been

  19. The influence of humor styles in coping strategies in Entre Ríos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Roberto Lillo

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Over the last years there has been a growing interest in the study of the resources that people use from face to a problem. The interest in the study of the characteristics related to the humor has gone in increase, especially for the influence of the development of a new concept in psychology that derives in the call positive psychology (Seligman and Csikszentmihalyi, 2000; Zinder and McCullog 2000, in Martin, Puhlik-Doris, Larsen, Gray, Weir, 2003 which is centered in adaptive strengths such as optimism, faith, courage, as well as humor (Martin 2003, quoted in Martin et al., 2003. Sense of humor has been considered as an unidimensional construct (Omar, 1995 and the consequencies has been some errors in the assesment, as a result of a problem of validity. The present study seeks to introduce certain aspects that have not been considered in the past, so much the potential beneficial effects, as the deleterious forms of the sense of humor as for the psychological well-being. Four dimensions of the sense of humor were assesed (Martin, Puhlik-Doris, Larsen, Gray, Weir, 2003, version Lillo, 2006 relating to the uses or functions in everyday life and the ways of people cope (Fridenberg and Lewis, 1991, version Richaud de Minzi. 2003. They were also significant relationships among styles of humor and ways of coping that could explain the importance of the construct sense of humor, as an important resource to be used. Although it is necessary to highlight that it is not sought to embrace all the components of the sense of humor, but rather it is focused in the interpersonal functions and intrapsíquicas that adolescents use in daily life. These functions are considered most relevant to the well-being. Measuring these aspects of the humor, it is expected that they can explain a greater proportion of the variance as for the ways of people cope. 

  20. Longwing (Heliconius) butterflies combine a restricted set of pigmentary and structural coloration mechanisms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilts, Bodo D; Vey, Aidan J M; Briscoe, Adriana D; Stavenga, Doekele G

    2017-11-21

    Longwing butterflies, Heliconius sp., also called heliconians, are striking examples of diversity and mimicry in butterflies. Heliconians feature strongly colored patterns on their wings, arising from wing scales colored by pigments and/or nanostructures, which serve as an aposematic signal. Here, we investigate the coloration mechanisms among several species of Heliconius by applying scanning electron microscopy, (micro)spectrophotometry, and imaging scatterometry. We identify seven kinds of colored scales within Heliconius whose coloration is derived from pigments, nanostructures or both. In yellow-, orange- and red-colored wing patches, both cover and ground scales contain wavelength-selective absorbing pigments, 3-OH-kynurenine, xanthommatin and/or dihydroxanthommatin. In blue wing patches, the cover scales are blue either due to interference of light in the thin-film lower lamina (e.g., H. doris) or in the multilayered lamellae in the scale ridges (so-called ridge reflectors, e.g., H. sara and H. erato); the underlying ground scales are black. In the white wing patches, both cover and ground scales are blue due to their thin-film lower lamina, but because they are stacked upon each other and at the wing substrate, a faint bluish to white color results. Lastly, green wing patches (H. doris) have cover scales with blue-reflecting thin films and short-wavelength absorbing 3-OH-kynurenine, together causing a green color. The pigmentary and structural traits are discussed in relation to their phylogenetic distribution and the evolution of vision in this highly interesting clade of butterflies.

  1. Reviewing the musical component of rhythm of "poetry" and the factors influencing it

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ma’sumeh Ma’dankan

    2017-04-01

    main rhythm can make syllable conformity between them by using a type of symmetry among the words of two or few hemistiches at the form of the same prosodic rhythm. This way of syllable symmetry which is hidden because it cannot be scanned on the basis of prosodic rhythm has a great but old and insensible effect on the music of poetry and this insensibility increases its value. Using one or few prosodic seas (poetic meter at one poem: sometimes this innovation at the use of prosodic rhythms is purposeful and for overcoming the constant music of that special prosodic rhythm and making a better conformity between rhythm and a new content which poet wants to speak about in a number of verses. Using two seas or more: one way for enriching the musical component of ‘rhythm’ is applying the capabilities of prosody for making a poem have two or few rhythm at the same time. At Badii science these poems are called capricious. This possibility is because of the capacity of the words of poem for applying necessities. Dori rhythm: Dori rhythm is a type of rhythm which divides the verses to four equal parts. Dori rhythm because of its features is of musical distinction and the component of ‘rhythm’ in every poem with the form of Dori rhythm is naturally more salient than the rhythms of other poems. On the other hand, because in Dori rhythm potentially it is possible to use internal rhyme and Radif, this feature makes more salient the musical component of ‘vocal harmonies’-including pun, harmonious, repetition and etc…. Silence at prosodic rhythms: This kind of silence at prosodic rhythms is not common among all rhythms. When the last element is Mozahaf, if the second hemistich without the necessary pause- which dependent on the type of rhythm, its duration is different-the rhythm will break. Quantity of the silence after each hemistich is equal with the total quantity of the syllables which have been deleted from the last element (Mozahaf of that hemistich. Necessities

  2. El calendario como método de recolección de datos demográficos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doris Sosa Jara

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Los estudios con diseño experimental son una rareza en las ciencias sociales. Ello a pesar de ser el medio idóneo para probar hipótesis o evacuar preguntas científicas de relaciones causa-efecto. La monografía “El calendario como método de recolección de datos demográficos” reimpresa en este número de la revista es un raro ejemplo de estudio experimental para determinar las ventajas y desventajas de este método de recolección de datos retrospectivos e historias de vida. El estudio demuestra la mejora en la calidad de ciertos datos con el uso del calendario, como por ejemplo un aumento de 37% en la proporción de abortos reportados en el calendario en comparación con el cuestionario tradicional. Pero, sobre todo, el estudio subraya la importancia, factibilidad y costo razonable de este tipo de diseños experimentales para poner a prueba métodos alternativos de recolección de información que permitan mejorar la calidad del dato.La monografía fue originalmente impresa por la Asociación Demográfica Costarricense en 1988 y una versión ampliada la publicó en inglés la revista Studies in Family Planning, Vol. 23(6, 1992. El experimento tuvo lugar como parte de la “Encuesta Nacional de Fecundidad y Salud, Costa Rica 1986”, llevada a cabo por dicha asociación en colaboración con los Centros para el Control de Enfermedades, de Atlanta, EEUU. La directora de la encuesta y autora del presente estudio fue Doris Sosa Jara, destacada demógrafa costarricense prematuramente fallecida el 15 de setiembre de 2013. La revista Población y Salud en Mesoamérica eligió para reproducir este documento de entre la variada producción de Doris Sosa, como una muestra de rigor científico en un estudio.En los funerales de Doris en el Auditorio de la Facultad de Ciencias Económicas de la Universidad de Costa Rica, facultad de la que hasta hace poco fue Decana durante 8 años, en medio de los discursos y palabras de aprecio, a uno de sus

  3. Photon energy dependence of left-right asymmetry parameters of Kr 4p photoelectrons in the vicinity of 3d resonant excitations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ricz, S.; Holste, K.; Borovik, Jr.A.A.; Bernhardt, D.; Schippers, S.; Muller, A.; Kover, A.; Varga, D.

    2011-01-01

    Complete text of publication follows. A left-right asymmetry was observed experimentally for the outer s-shell photoelectrons of noble gases and of the H 2 molecule in our previous studies (see the cited articles for the definition of 'left' and 'right' as well as for the details of the experimental method). Recently, the angular distribution of 4p photoelectrons of Kr was measured with linearly polarized synchrotron radiation in the photon energy range (90 - 94.4 eV) of the 3d -1 → np resonant excitations in order to determine the anisotropy parameters. Now, also the left-right asymmetry parameters have been determined from the measured spectra of Ref. [3]. The experiment was performed at beamline BW3 of the DORIS III storage ring at HASYLAB (Hamburg, Germany). The emitted electrons were analyzed using the ESA-22D electrostatic electron spectrometer. Fig. 1 shows the measured left-right asymmetry parameters (A LR ) of the two fine structure components of Kr 4p photoelectrons. The asymmetry parameters (A LR ) are increasing with increasing photon energies reaching a maximum value of 0.04, definitely different from zero when considering the error bars. Furthermore, the left-right asymmetry parameters oscillate around the (3d 3/2,5/2 ) -1 → 5p resonant excitation for both fine structure components. Currently, we do not know what kind of interaction can produce a left-right asymmetry in photon-atom collisions but the shape of the oscillations shows interference between the unknown and the resonant excitation channels. One of the most important observations is that the sign of A LR changes from positive to negative and then back again to positive just within a narrow photon energy range of only 250 meV around the (3d 5/2 ) -1 → 5p resonant excitation. Within such a narrow range artificial asymmetry of the experimental setup is totally unconceivable. Acknowledgements. The authors thank the DORIS III staff for providing excellent working conditions. This work was

  4. Interaction between 4p photoionization and 3p resonant excitation channels of krypton

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Buhr, T.; Kover, A.; Varga, D.; Muller, A.; Ricz, S.; Justus-Liebig- Universitat Giessen, Giessen; Holste, K.; Borovik, Jr.A.A.; Bernhardt, D.; Schippers, S.

    2011-01-01

    Complete text of publication follows. The angular distribution of Kr 4p photoelectrons was measured employing a linearly polarized photon beam at energies from 205 eV to 230 eV. In this range the Kr 3p→ns/md (n,m=4,5,6, etc.) resonances can be excited. The experimental anisotropy parameters (β, γ and δ) were determined for the Kr 4p shell and its fine structure components. The measurement was carried out at beamline BW3 of the DORIS III synchrotron light source at HASYLAB (Hamburg, Germany). The ESA-22D electrostatic electron spectrometer was used to analyze the emitted electrons. The spectrometer consists of a spherical and a cylindrical mirror analyzer. The spherical mirror focuses the electrons from the scattering plane to the entrance slit of the cylindrical analyzer performing the energy analysis of the electrons. (For detailed description of an ESA- 22-type electron spectrometer see Ref. [1].) The measured dipole anisotropy parameters ? of Kr 4p photoelectrons are shown in Fig. 1 as a function of photon energy. Resonance-like structure can be seen in the photon energy dependence of the dipole parameters. This structure indicates that the channel interactions are important between the 3p resonant excitation-autoionization and 4p direct photoionization processes in krypton. The natural line width of the 3p photoelectron peaks was determined from the measured spectra and it is about 0.8 eV while the experimental width of the resonance near 220 eV photon energy (3p 1/2 -1 →5s resonant excitation) is approximately 2 eV in Fig. 1. This broadening can be explained with the strong interference between the ionization and excitation channels. As before, we conclude that the angular distribution of photoelectrons is strongly influenced by the excitation processes. Acknowledgements. The authors wish to thank the DORIS III staff for providing excellent working conditions. This work was supported by the NKTH-OTKA (Grant No. K67719), and by the European Community

  5. PREFACE: PASREG 2003: International Workshop on Processing and Applications of Superconducting (RE)BCO Large Grain Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murakami, Masato; Cardwell, David; Salama, Kamel; Krabbes, Gernot; Habisreuther, Tobias; Gawalek, Wolfgang

    2005-02-01

    Superconducting melt-textured bulk (RE)BCO large grain materials are one of the most promising materials for power applications of high temperature superconductivity at the liquid nitrogen temperature range. Industrial applications are expected in high-speed low-loss magnetic bearings for flywheel energy storage devices, high-dynamic high-torque electric reluctance motors, and MAGLEV transportation systems. The material has high magnetic field trapping capability and therefore a new class of high-field superconducting permanent magnets will soon appear. However, there is still the need to improve the magnetic and mechanical material properties, as well as to increase the single domain size. This special issue contains papers concerning these topics presented at the International Workshop on the Processing and Applications of Superconducting (RE)BCO Large Grain Materials. The workshop was held on the 30 June-2 July 2003 in Jena, Germany, and was organized by the Institut fuer Physikalische Hochtechnologie, Jena. It was the fourth in the series of PASREG workshops after Cambridge, UK (1997), Morioka, Japan (1999), and Seattle, USA (2001). Sixty two contributions were presented at the workshop, 38 oral presentations and 24 poster presentations. This special issue contains 42 papers. The editors are grateful for the support of many colleagues who reviewed the manuscripts to guarantee their high technical quality. The editors also wish to thank Doris Litzkendorf and Tobias Habisreuther from Institut fuer Physikalische Hochtechnologie, Jena, for their assistance with the organization and handling of the manuscripts. Many thanks to the workshop co-chairman Gernot Krabbes from Leibniz-Institut fuer Festkoerper und Werkstoffforschung, Dresden, for hosting the workshop participants in Dresden. Finally, all attendees wish to acknowledge the efforts of Wolfgang Gawalek, Tobias Habisreuther, Doris Litzkendorf and the Team of Department Magnetics from the Institut fuer

  6. The system of Regional Contact Offices for promoting GMES services and the use of Space Technologies in European Regions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carrara, Paola; Antoninetti, Massimo; Bacai, Hina; Basoni, Anna; Bosc, Christelle; Clave, Magali; Cornacchia, Carmela; L'Astorina, Alba; Monbet, Philippe; Mueller, Bastian; Nicolau, Sonia; Pergola, Nicola; Rampini, Anna; Tramutoli, Valerio; Schumacher, Volker; Wells, Alan; Zepeda Juarez, Jesus; Zolotikova, Svetlana

    2013-04-01

    which have significant impact on the economy, environment and the quality of life of the citizens To this aim since 2011 the system of Regional Contact Offices (RCOs) was promoted by the EU FP7 DORIS_Net (Downsteam Observatory organized by Regions Active in Space - Network, http://www.doris-net.eu/) project as the regional link to the services provided by the European GMES programme. Since then a first nucleus of 12 pilot European Regions were working together establishing 6 first RCOs around Europe. This paper will present RCOs network goals, achievements and perspectives as well as its planned actions devoted to improve quality of Space Technology products from one side, to promote awareness and use of them by potential end-users (and particularly LRAs), from the other side.

  7. Next Generation NASA Initiative for Space Geodesy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merkowitz, S. M.; Desai, S.; Gross, R. S.; Hilliard, L.; Lemoine, F. G.; Long, J. L.; Ma, C.; McGarry J. F.; Murphy, D.; Noll, C. E.; hide

    2012-01-01

    Space geodesy measurement requirements have become more and more stringent as our understanding of the physical processes and our modeling techniques have improved. In addition, current and future spacecraft will have ever-increasing measurement capability and will lead to increasingly sophisticated models of changes in the Earth system. Ground-based space geodesy networks with enhanced measurement capability will be essential to meeting these oncoming requirements and properly interpreting the sate1!ite data. These networks must be globally distributed and built for longevity, to provide the robust data necessary to generate improved models for proper interpretation ofthe observed geophysical signals. These requirements have been articulated by the Global Geodetic Observing System (GGOS). The NASA Space Geodesy Project (SGP) is developing a prototype core site as the basis for a next generation Space Geodetic Network (SGN) that would be NASA's contribution to a global network designed to produce the higher quality data required to maintain the Terrestrial Reference Frame and provide information essential for fully realizing the measurement potential of the current and coming generation of Earth Observing spacecraft. Each of the sites in the SGN would include co-located, state of-the-art systems from all four space geodetic observing techniques (GNSS, SLR, VLBI, and DORIS). The prototype core site is being developed at NASA's Geophysical and Astronomical Observatory at Goddard Space Flight Center. The project commenced in 2011 and is scheduled for completion in late 2013. In January 2012, two multiconstellation GNSS receivers, GODS and GODN, were established at the prototype site as part of the local geodetic network. Development and testing are also underway on the next generation SLR and VLBI systems along with a modern DORIS station. An automated survey system is being developed to measure inter-technique vector ties, and network design studies are being

  8. GeNF - Experimental report 2008

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pranzas, Philipp Klaus; Mueller, Martin; Willumeit, Regine; Schreyer, Andreas [GKSS-Forschungszentrum Geesthacht GmbH (Germany). Inst. fuer Materialforschung

    2009-12-11

    At the Geesthacht Neutron Facility GeNF about 182 experiments were performed in 2008 by GKSS and by or for external users, partners or contractors. In most cases the measurements were performed and analysed in cooperation by the guests, by GKSS staff or by the permanent external user group staff. The activities, which are based on a proposal procedure and on the in house R and D program, are reported in 76 contributions in the present annual experimental report for the year 2008. The contributions may contain several combined experiments. During 2008 the GKSS research reactor FRG-1 achieved an operation time of 175 days at the full 5 MW reactor power providing a neutron flux of ca. 1.4.10{sup 14} thermal neutrons/cm{sup 2} s. The focus of the in house R and D work at GeNF instruments in 2008 was the characterisation of nanostructures in engineering materials, the analysis of stresses and textures in welds and technical structures at SANS-2, DCD, ARES-2 and TEX-2, the structural investigation of hydrogen containing substances such as polymers, colloids and biological macromolecules at SANS-1 as well as the characterisation of magnetic thin films at NeRo, PNR, POLDI and ROeDI. The modern experiment control hardware (e.g. sample environments, like magnets, cryostats or furnaces) and software based on LabView was continuously improved on all instruments. In the appendices I and II the experimental reports of the GKSS outstation at the FRM II are attached as well as of the GKSS outstation at DESY. The massive activity at the FRM II outstation is documented by the increasing number of REFSANS reports, accumulated to nine. Three reports show the activities of GKSS in the field of texture measurement at the instrument STRESS-SPEC. The instrument HARWI II at the synchrotron storage ring DORIS III at DESY is accepted very well by the community and is heavily overbooked in all fields (tomography, diffraction, etc.). After an 8-month shutdown period for an upgrade in the frame

  9. GeNF - Experimental report 2008

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pranzas, Philipp Klaus; Mueller, Martin; Willumeit, Regine; Schreyer, Andreas

    2009-01-01

    At the Geesthacht Neutron Facility GeNF about 182 experiments were performed in 2008 by GKSS and by or for external users, partners or contractors. In most cases the measurements were performed and analysed in cooperation by the guests, by GKSS staff or by the permanent external user group staff. The activities, which are based on a proposal procedure and on the in house R and D program, are reported in 76 contributions in the present annual experimental report for the year 2008. The contributions may contain several combined experiments. During 2008 the GKSS research reactor FRG-1 achieved an operation time of 175 days at the full 5 MW reactor power providing a neutron flux of ca. 1.4.10 14 thermal neutrons/cm 2 s. The focus of the in house R and D work at GeNF instruments in 2008 was the characterisation of nanostructures in engineering materials, the analysis of stresses and textures in welds and technical structures at SANS-2, DCD, ARES-2 and TEX-2, the structural investigation of hydrogen containing substances such as polymers, colloids and biological macromolecules at SANS-1 as well as the characterisation of magnetic thin films at NeRo, PNR, POLDI and ROeDI. The modern experiment control hardware (e.g. sample environments, like magnets, cryostats or furnaces) and software based on LabView was continuously improved on all instruments. In the appendices I and II the experimental reports of the GKSS outstation at the FRM II are attached as well as of the GKSS outstation at DESY. The massive activity at the FRM II outstation is documented by the increasing number of REFSANS reports, accumulated to nine. Three reports show the activities of GKSS in the field of texture measurement at the instrument STRESS-SPEC. The instrument HARWI II at the synchrotron storage ring DORIS III at DESY is accepted very well by the community and is heavily overbooked in all fields (tomography, diffraction, etc.). After an 8-month shutdown period for an upgrade in the frame of the

  10. Research capacity building integrated into PHIT projects: leveraging research and research funding to build national capacity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hedt-Gauthier, Bethany L; Chilengi, Roma; Jackson, Elizabeth; Michel, Cathy; Napua, Manuel; Odhiambo, Jackline; Bawah, Ayaga

    2017-12-21

    Inadequate research capacity impedes the development of evidence-based health programming in sub-Saharan Africa. However, funding for research capacity building (RCB) is often insufficient and restricted, limiting institutions' ability to address current RCB needs. The Doris Duke Charitable Foundation's African Health Initiative (AHI) funded Population Health Implementation and Training (PHIT) partnership projects in five African countries (Ghana, Mozambique, Rwanda, Tanzania and Zambia) to implement health systems strengthening initiatives inclusive of RCB. Using Cooke's framework for RCB, RCB activity leaders from each country reported on RCB priorities, activities, program metrics, ongoing challenges and solutions. These were synthesized by the authorship team, identifying common challenges and lessons learned. For most countries, each of the RCB domains from Cooke's framework was a high priority. In about half of the countries, domain specific activities happened prior to PHIT. During PHIT, specific RCB activities varied across countries. However, all five countries used AHI funding to improve research administrative support and infrastructure, implement research trainings and support mentorship activities and research dissemination. While outcomes data were not systematically collected, countries reported holding 54 research trainings, forming 56 mentor-mentee relationships, training 201 individuals and awarding 22 PhD and Masters-level scholarships. Over the 5 years, 116 manuscripts were developed. Of the 59 manuscripts published in peer-reviewed journals, 29 had national first authors and 18 had national senior authors. Trainees participated in 99 conferences and projects held 37 forums with policy makers to facilitate research translation into policy. All five PHIT projects strongly reported an increase in RCB activities and commended the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation for prioritizing RCB, funding RCB at adequate levels and time frames and for allowing

  11. Geothermal power, policy, and design: Using levelized cost of energy and sensitivity analysis to target improved policy incentives for the U.S. geothermal market

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richard, Christopher L.

    At the core of the geothermal industry is a need to identify how policy incentives can better be applied for optimal return. Literature from Bloomquist (1999), Doris et al. (2009), and McIlveen (2011) suggest that a more tailored approach to crafting geothermal policy is warranted. In this research the guiding theory is based on those suggestions and is structured to represent a policy analysis approach using analytical methods. The methods being used are focus on qualitative and quantitative results. To address the qualitative sections of this research an extensive review of contemporary literature is used to identify the frequency of use for specific barriers, and is followed upon with an industry survey to determine existing gaps. As a result there is support for certain barriers and justification for expanding those barriers found within the literature. This method of inquiry is an initial point for structuring modeling tools to further quantify the research results as part of the theoretical framework. Analytical modeling utilizes the levelized cost of energy as a foundation for comparative assessment of policy incentives. Model parameters use assumptions to draw conclusions from literature and survey results to reflect unique attributes held by geothermal power technologies. Further testing by policy option provides an opportunity to assess the sensitivity of each variable with respect to applied policy. Master limited partnerships, feed in tariffs, RD&D, and categorical exclusions all result as viable options for mitigating specific barriers associated to developing geothermal power. The results show reductions of levelized cost based upon the model's exclusive parameters. These results are also compared to contemporary policy options highlighting the need for tailored policy, as discussed by Bloomquist (1999), Doris et al. (2009), and McIlveen (2011). It is the intent of this research to provide the reader with a descriptive understanding of the role of

  12. Determination of the structure of τdecays in the reaction e+e- → τ+τ- → ρ+ anti ντρ-ντ and a precision measurement of the τ-neutrino helicity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Albrecht, H.; Hamacher, T.; Hofmann, R.P.; Kirchhoff, T.; Mankel, R.; Nau, A.; Nowak, S.; Ressing, D.; Schroeder, H.; Schulz, H.D.; Walter, M.; Wurth, R.; Hast, C.; Kapitza, H.; Kolanoski, H.; Kosche, A.; Lange, A.; Lindner, A.; Schieber, M.; Siegmund, T.; Spaan, B.; Thurn, H.; Toepfer, D.; Wegener, D.; Eckstein, P.; Schmidtler, M.; Schramm, M.; Schubert, K.R.; Schwierz, R.; Waldi, R.; Reim, K.; Wegener, H.; Eckmann, R.; Kuipers, H.; Mai, O.; Mundt, R.; Oest, T.; Reiner, R.; Schmidt-Parzefall, W.; Stiewe, J.; Werner, S.; Ehret, K.; Hofmann, W.; Huepper, A.; Knoepfle, K.T.; Spengler, J.; Krieger, P.; MacFarlane, D.B.; Prentice, J.D.; Saull, P.R.B.; Tzamariudaki, K.; Water, R.G. van de; Yoon, T.S.; Frankl, C.; Schneider, M.; Weseler, S.; Kernel, G.; Krizan, P.; Kriznic, E.; Podobnik, T.; Zivko, T.; Balagura, V.; Belyaev, I.; Chechelnitsky, S.; Danilov, M.; Droutskoy, A.; Gershtein, Yu.; Golutvin, A.; Korolko, I.; Kostina, G.; Litvintsev, D.; Lubimov, V.; Pakhlov, P.; Semenov, S.; Snizhko, A.; Tichomirov, I.; Zaitsev, Yu.

    1994-07-01

    Using the ARGUS detector at the DORIS II storage ring we have investigated the Lorentz structure of the electroweak interaction in semi-hadronic τ decays. Spin correlations in the process e + e - →τ + τ - → anti ν τ π + π 0 ν τ π - π 0 are exploited for a measurement of the normalized product of the vector (g V ) and axial vector (g A ) couplings of the τ lepton, γ AV =2 Re{g A g V *}/(vertical stroke g V vertical stroke 2 +vertical stroke g A vertical stroke 2 ). The correlations are sensitive to the product of the couplings in both τ decays: γ AV 2 =γ AV (τ - →ν τ W - )γ AV (τ + → anti ν τ W + ), which can be interpreted as the product of the neutrino helicities: γ AV 2 =-h(ν τ )h( anti ν τ ). The measured value, γ AV 2 =1.044±0.057±0.060, determines the relative sign of the neutrino helicities. Assuming CP invariance, the absolute value {γ AV }=1.022±0.028±0.030 was found to be in excellent agreement with the Standard Model. The contribution of scalar (g S ) or pseudoscalar (g P ) couplings was also investigated. No evidence for a scalar-like coupling was found. (orig.)

  13. Testing the potential model in the UPSILON system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cooper, S.

    1985-01-01

    Tests of the non-relativistic potential model for bound b anti b states are discussed, using results from the Crystal Ball and ARGUS detectors at DORIS II (DESY) and the CUSB and CLEO detectors at CESR (Cornell). There are many many people who have developed potential models. While the author tries to be complete in reviewing the experimental data, he limits his discussion of potentials to a few contrasting examples. The talk is divided into two main parts. In the first he discusses the 3 S 1 b anti b states UPSILON, UPSILON', ..., whose measured masses, leptonic widths, and leptonic branching ratios are used to check the static potential V(r) and the strong coupling constant α 3 . In the second part, results on the 3 P, b anti b states chi/sub b/, chi'/sub b/ are used to check the spin dependence of the potential. There are several other classes of states (c anti c, s anti s, c anti q, b anti q, and the as-yet-not seen eta/sub b/ and 1 P 1 of the b anti b family) which are also important in testing the potential model, but which he did not cover in this talk. 47 references

  14. Plasma microinstabilities driven by loss-cone distributions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Summers, D.; Thorne, R.M.

    1995-01-01

    Electromagnetic and electrostatic instabilities driven by loss-cone particle distributions have been invoked to explain a variety of plasma phenomena observed in space and in the laboratory. In this paper we analyse how the loss-cone feature (as determined by the loss-cone index or indices) influences the growth of such instabilities in a fully ionized, homogeneous, hot plasma in a uniform magnetic field. Specifically, we consider three loss-cone distributions: a generalized Lorentzian (kappa) loss-cone distribution, the Dory-Guest-Harris distribution and the Ashour-Abdalla-Kennel distribution (involving a subtracted Maxwellian). Our findings are common to all three distributions. We find that, for parallel propagation, electromagnetic instabilities are only affected by the loss-cone indices in terms of their occurrence in the temperature anisotropy. However, for oblique propagation, even including propagation at small angles to the ambient magnetic field, the loss-cone indices do independently affect the growth of instabilities for electromagnetic waves, in contrast to certain claims in the literature. For electrostatic waves such that 1/2(κ perpendicular to ρ L σ 2 L σ is the Larmor radius for particle species σ, we find that the loss-cone indices only enter the dispersion equation via the temperature anisotropy, and so in this case the loss-cone feature and perpendicular effective thermal speed do not independently affect wave growth. (Author)

  15. DESY in 2012: A year of light and dust

    CERN Multimedia

    Frank Lehner

    2012-01-01

    While 2011 will go down in history as the construction year at DESY, there might even be more of it in 2012. The construction activities will spread across the entire DESY campus and will go from mere digging in the dirt to high-tech installations.   Location of the DORIS III and PETRA III storage rings, the two free-electron laser FLASH, and the planned position of the European XFEL accelerator tunnel. Copyright: DESY 2010. The 2-kilometre-long accelerator tunnel of the European XFEL and the injector building on the DESY campus are ready, and will be technically equipped and prepared for the accelerator installation. The first accelerator modules will not be put in place before 2013, but a new module test hall will soon become operational and is expecting its first pre-series cavities and modules. FLASH II is another impressive construction site on the DESY premises. The area around FLASH, the free-electron laser for so...

  16. DESY in 2012: A year of light and dust

    CERN Multimedia

    Frank Lehner

    2011-01-01

    While 2011 will go down in history as the construction year at DESY, there might even be more of it in 2012. The construction activities will spread across the entire DESY campus and will go from mere digging in the dirt to high-tech installations.   Location of the DORIS III and PETRA III storage rings, the two free-electron laser FLASH, and the planned position of the European XFEL accelerator tunnel. Copyright: DESY 2010. The 2-kilometre-long accelerator tunnel of the European XFEL and the injector building on the DESY campus are ready, and will be technically equipped and prepared for the accelerator installation. The first accelerator modules will not be put in place before 2013, but a new module test hall will soon become operational and is expecting its first pre-series cavities and modules. FLASH II is another impressive construction site on the DESY premises. The area around FLASH, the free-electron laser for so...

  17. Improvements in Space Geodesy Data Discovery at the CDDIS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noll, C.; Pollack, N.; Michael, P.

    2011-01-01

    The Crustal Dynamics Data Information System (CDDIS) supports data archiving and distribution activities for the space geodesy and geodynamics community. The main objectives of the system are to store space geodesy and geodynamics related data products in a central data bank. to maintain information about the archival of these data, and to disseminate these data and information in a timely manner to a global scientific research community. The archive consists of GNSS, laser ranging, VLBI, and DORIS data sets and products derived from these data. The CDDIS is one of NASA's Earth Observing System Data and Information System (EOSDIS) distributed data centers; EOSDIS data centers serve a diverse user community and arc tasked to provide facilities to search and access science data and products. Several activities are currently under development at the CDDIS to aid users in data discovery, both within the current community and beyond. The CDDIS is cooperating in the development of Geodetic Seamless Archive Centers (GSAC) with colleagues at UNAVCO and SIO. TIle activity will provide web services to facilitate data discovery within and across participating archives. In addition, the CDDIS is currently implementing modifications to the metadata extracted from incoming data and product files pushed to its archive. These enhancements will permit information about COOlS archive holdings to be made available through other data portals such as Earth Observing System (EOS) Clearinghouse (ECHO) and integration into the Global Geodetic Observing System (GGOS) portal.

  18. CDDIS: NASA's Archive of Space Geodesy Data and Products Supporting GGOS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noll, Carey; Michael, Patrick

    2016-01-01

    The Crustal Dynamics Data Information System (CDDIS) supports data archiving and distribution activities for the space geodesy and geodynamics community. The main objectives of the system are to store space geodesy and geodynamics related data and products in a central archive, to maintain information about the archival of these data,to disseminate these data and information in a timely manner to a global scientific research community, and provide user based tools for the exploration and use of the archive. The CDDIS data system and its archive is a key component in several of the geometric services within the International Association of Geodesy (IAG) and its observing systemthe Global Geodetic Observing System (GGOS), including the IGS, the International DORIS Service (IDS), the International Laser Ranging Service (ILRS), the International VLBI Service for Geodesy and Astrometry (IVS), and the International Earth Rotation and Reference Systems Service (IERS). The CDDIS provides on-line access to over 17 Tbytes of dataand derived products in support of the IAG services and GGOS. The systems archive continues to grow and improve as new activities are supported and enhancements are implemented. Recently, the CDDIS has established a real-time streaming capability for GNSS data and products. Furthermore, enhancements to metadata describing the contents ofthe archive have been developed to facilitate data discovery. This poster will provide a review of the improvements in the system infrastructure that CDDIS has made over the past year for the geodetic community and describe future plans for the system.

  19. NASA space geodesy program: Catalogue of site information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryant, M. A.; Noll, C. E.

    1993-01-01

    This is the first edition of the NASA Space Geodesy Program: Catalogue of Site Information. This catalogue supersedes all previous versions of the Crustal Dynamics Project: Catalogue of Site Information, last published in May 1989. This document is prepared under the direction of the Space Geodesy and Altimetry Projects Office (SGAPO), Code 920.1, Goddard Space Flight Center. SGAPO has assumed the responsibilities of the Crustal Dynamics Project, which officially ended December 31, 1991. The catalog contains information on all NASA supported sites as well as sites from cooperating international partners. This catalog is designed to provde descriptions and occupation histories of high-accuracy geodetic measuring sites employing space-related techniques. The emphasis of the catalog has been in the past, and continues to be with this edition, station information for facilities and remote locations utilizing the Satellite Laser Ranging (SLR), Lunar Laser Ranging (LLR), and Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) techniques. With the proliferation of high-quality Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers and Doppler Orbitography and Radiopositioning Integrated by Satellite (DORIS) transponders, many co-located at established SLR and VLBI observatories, the requirement for accurate station and localized survey information for an ever broadening base of scientists and engineers has been recognized. It is our objective to provide accurate station information to scientific groups interested in these facilities.

  20. CHRISTIANITY AND COLONIALISM IN SOME ENGLISH SHORT STORIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatang Iskarna

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Colonial and postcolonial studies are often linked to the power domination of the West upon the East in the way that the East economically, politically, and socially oppressed. Colonialism is often associated with three elements, the explorers dealing with geographical information, missionaries approaching the local people culturally, and the colonial administrators ruling the colony. Gold, glory, and gospel are the European’s concern. However, in representing the relation between Christianity and colonialism there is critical dialectic amongst historians, anthropologists, Christian missions, or cultural critics. Some propose that Christianity is considered to be the religious arm of colonialism. Others state that Christianity is spread without any secular interest as it is a great commandment of Jesus Christ. A few believe that Christianity give critical resistance against colonialism. The relation between Christianity and colonialism cannot be simplified as being neutral, in complicity, or in opposition. So, it is worth-discussing to understand how European writers construct the relation between Christianity and colonialism in their literary work. How Christianity is constructed and how Christianity is related to colonialism will be discussed in this paper. Using postcolonial paradigm, two English short stories will be analyzed in that way. They are Rudyard Kipling’s “Lispeth” and Doris Lessing’s “No Witchcraft for Sale”.

  1. Variations of the ionospheric electron density during the Bhuj seismic event

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Trigunait

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Ionospheric perturbations by natural geophysical activity, such as volcanic eruptions and earthquakes, have been studied since the great Alaskan earthquake in 1964. Measurements made from the ground show a variation of the critical frequency of the ionosphere layers before and after the shock. In this paper, we present an experimental investigation of the electron density variations around the time of the Bhuj earthquake in Gujarat, India. Several experiments have been used to survey the ionosphere. Measurements of fluctuations in the integrated electron density or TEC (Total Electron Content between three satellites (TOPEX-POSEIDON, SPOT2, SPOT4 and the ground have been done using the DORIS beacons. TEC has been also evaluated from a ground-based station using GPS satellites, and finally, ionospheric data from a classical ionospheric sounder located close to the earthquake epicenter are utilized. Anomalous electron density variations are detected both in day and night times before the quake. The generation mechanism of these perturbations is explained by a modification of the electric field in the global electric circuit induced during the earthquake preparation. Key words. Ionosphere (ionospheric disturbances – Radio Science (ionospheric physics – History of geophysics (seismology

  2. Search for tau decays to the eta meson

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Skwarnicki, T.

    1987-12-01

    Using a sample of 530,000 tau leptons collected by the Crystal Ball experiment at the e + e - storage ring DORIS II, we have searched for tau decays to the eta meson. No eta signal is found in the inclusive analysis, tau → eta X, of 1-prong decays, leading to the upper limits, BR(tau - → nu π - eta) - → π - π 0 eta) - → nu π - π 0 π 0 eta) - → nu π - eta eta) - → nu π - eta and tau - → nu π - π 0 eta, are also not found in the exclusive analyses, while BR(tau - → nu π - π 0 ) = (22.7 +- 0.9 +- 3.0)% and BR(tau - → nu π - π 0 π 0 ) = (7.0 +- 0.7 +- 1.4)% are measured in accord with the expectations. The hadronic final state, π - π 0 π 0 , is reconstructed in tau decays for the first time. The results are preliminary. 21 refs., 10 figs

  3. Elections to the Senior Staff Advisory Committee 
("The Nine") 2007

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    The electronic voting process for the Senior Staff Advisory Committee ("The Nine") was closed on Friday 1st June. Of the 449 Senior Staff members called to vote, 281 cast a vote, of which 279 were valid. The results are as follows: Electoral Group 1 Name\tDepartment\tVotes Patrick Janot\tPH\t50 Rolf Landua\tDSU\t86 Marcello Mannelli\tPH\t22 Thomas Ruf\tPH\t30 Electoral Group 2Name\tDepartment\tVotes Olivier Brunner\tAB\t47 Doris Burckhart\tPH\t44 Helmut Burkhardt\tAB\t31 Marco Cattaneo\tPH\t48 Paul Collier\tAB\t66 Hubert Gerwig\tPH\t19 Eugenia Hatziangeli\tAB\t34 Miguel Angel Marquina\tIT\t36 Malika Meddahi\tAB\t51 Alberto Pace\tIT\t123 Stephan Russenschuck\tAT\t35 Alan Silverman\tIT\t47 Detlef Swoboda\tTS\t25 Elena Wildner\tAT\t52 Rolf Landua is therefore elected in Group 1, and Alberto Pace, Paul Collier and Elena Wildner are elected in Group 2. Their mandate is from July 2007 to June 2010. The Committee now consists of these newly-elected members together with Monica Pepe-Altarelli, Rudiger Schmidt, R. Martens, A. Unnervik and E. Tsesmelis...

  4. Search for primarily non-interacting decay modes of the upsilon

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Leffler, J.S.

    1986-03-01

    The hadronic transition UPSILON(2S) → π 0 π 0 UPSILON(1S) is utilized to search for the reactions: UPSILON(1S) → non-interacting particles and UPSILON(1S) → γ + non-interacting particles. 44 pb -1 of UPSILON(2S) data were taken by the Crystal Ball detector at the DORIS II storage ring in order to perform this study. An upper limit of BR(UPSILON → Unseen) -1 of UPSILON(2S) data was available for this study. An upper limit on the branching ratio BR(UPSILON → γ + Unseen) is measured for photon energies in the range 500 MeV -3 (90% C.L.), is obtained. The compact size of the Crystal Ball detector enhances the observable branching ratio for noninteracting particles with short lifetimes such as massive axions. The identification of the recent Darmstadt events with a 1.6 MeV axion is excluded by the present result assuming the minimal Peccei-Quinn model. Limits on the spontaneous supersymmetry breaking mass scale are also derived as a function of gravitino mass

  5. Gravity model development for TOPEX/POSEIDON: Joint gravity models 1 and 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nerem, R. S.; Lerch, F. J.; Marshall, J. A.; Pavlis, E. C.; Putney, B. H.; Tapley, B. D.; Eanes, R. J.; Ries, J. C.; Schutz, B. E.; Shum, C. K.

    1994-01-01

    The TOPEX/POSEIDON (T/P) prelaunch Joint Gravity Model-1 (JGM-1) and the postlaunch JGM-2 Earth gravitational models have been developed to support precision orbit determination for T/P. Each of these models is complete to degree 70 in spherical harmonics and was computed from a combination of satellite tracking data, satellite altimetry, and surface gravimetry. While improved orbit determination accuracies for T/P have driven the improvements in the models, the models are general in application and also provide an improved geoid for oceanographic computations. The postlaunch model, JGM-2, which includes T/P satellite laser ranging (SLR) and Doppler orbitography and radiopositioning integrated by satellite (DORIS) tracking data, introduces radial orbit errors for T/P that are only 2 cm RMS with the commission errors of the marine geoid for terms to degree 70 being +/- 25 cm. Errors in modeling the nonconservative forces acting on T/P increase the total radial errors to only 3-4 cm root mean square (RMS), a result much better than premission goals. While the orbit accuracy goal for T/P has been far surpassed geoid errors still prevent the absolute determination of the ocean dynamic topography for wavelengths shorter than about 2500 km. Only a dedicated gravitational field satellite mission will likely provide the necessary improvement in the geoid.

  6. Staff members with 25 years' service at CERN in 2003

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    The following staff members with 25 years' service in 2003 were invited by the Director-General to a reception in their honour on 20 November 2003: ALLIOD Patrick/ATGESCHONKE Gunther/AB AYMON Marcel/HRGLASER Maurice/EP BAUDET Serge/TISHUGOT Bernard/AB BENOIT-JEANNIN Brigitte/SPLJOUVE Christian/AT BERRY Peter/HRJULLIARD André/ST BIERI Catherine/STLAFAGE Patrice/ST BLANC Didier/STLAJUST Danièle/DSU BLANC Michel/ITLEGRAND Dominique/AT BOCH Guy/ITLONG Serge/EST BONZANO Roberto/STLYONNET André/EP BURCKHART Doris/EPMALOD-DOGNIN Jean-Pierre/ST BURNS Alan/ABMAURY Stephan/AC BURTIN Gérard/ABMILES John/AT CARENA Wisla/EPMONET René/EST CASTEL André/ESTMULLER André/TIS CLIFF Frank/HRPERREAL Pierre/AT CUCCURU Giovanni/ATPETERSEN Jørgen/EP DAMIANI Michel/ABPETIT Patrick/EP DELUCINGE Evelyne/ATPIERRE Patrice/AB DHOTE Patrick/SPLROUX Jacques/EP FLUCKIGER François/ITSAMYN Dirk/EP FORESTE Antonio/ESTSAVIOZ Jean Jacques/AB FRAIS...

  7. Studies of nematic to smectic-A phase transitions using synchrotron radiation. Experimental techniques and experiments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Christensen, F.

    1981-10-01

    High resolution X-ray diffraction on liquid crystals, with a triple-axis spectrometer, was initiated 4-5 years ago, using rotating-anode sources. The triple-axis spectrometer, built at Risoe, is permanently positioned at the DORIS storage ring. Triple-axis X-ray spectrometer work in general and especially at the synchrotron source is a new field and a description of the techniques used is given. The experiments described are studies of the nematic to smectic-A phase transition in liquid crystals. The first is a study of the monomolecular liquid crystal 8-barS5 (C 8 H 17 O-phi-COS-phi-C 5 H 11 , where phi denotes a benzene ring). The second experimental study is one of the reentrance phenomenon in the ternary mixture: 5CTsub(.09):7CBsub(.x):80CBsub(.91-x); where 5CT(C 5 H 11 -phi-phi-phi-CN) and 7CB(C 7 H 15 -phi-phi-CN) have only a nematic phase and not the smectic-A phase. The results are interpreted in terms of Landau theory. Finally, a frame is given for discussing the nature of the smectic-A phase and an experiment is proposed to explore the nature of the smectic-A phase together with detailed calculations of (001)- and (002)-lineshapes for the smectic-A phase. (Auth.)

  8. Photon science 2008. Highlights and HASYLAB annual report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2009-07-01

    The following topics are dealt with: A femtosecond X-ray/optical cross-correlator, ultrafast movies of nanoscale dynamics, massively parallel X-ray holography, clusters in super intense FLASH pulses, a chemical driven insulator-metal transition, tough silk, insight into the reactivity, the many faces of molecular assemblies in electronic devices, cooperative or self-centred electrons, visualizing a lost painting by Vincent van Gogh, metal contaminations in small water fleas, small-angle X-ray scattering as complement of crystallography, mapping the protein world, how metallic iron eats its own native oxide, hard X-ray diffraction imaging, the centre for free-electron laser science CFEL, the Hamburg EMBL unit, the Max-Planck unit for structural molecular biology, the GKSS Research Centre Geesthacht, the GFZ Helmholtz Centre Potsdam, the University of Hamburg on the DESY site, the light sources DORIS III, FLASH, PETRA III, and the European XFEL project, beamline enhancements and photon diagnostics at FLASH, undulator development for the European XFEL, special X-ray monochromators for PETRA III, high-power photon slits and shutters, the generation of brilliant beams, undulator demagnetization in LINAC based FELs, the control of experiments, advanced detection. (HSI)

  9. First observation of the reaction γγ→π2→π0π0π0

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Antreasyan, D.; Irion, J.; McBride, P.; Strauch, K.; Bartels, H.W.; Bienlein, J.K.; Brockmueller, K.; Jakubowski, Z.; Karch, K.; Kloiber, T.; Koch, W.; Maschmann, W.; Meyer, H.; Skwarnicki, T.; Trost, H.J.; Voigt, A.; Wachs, K.; Zschorsch, P.; Besset, D.; Cabenda, R.; Cowan, R.; Bieler, C.; Graaf, K.; Heinsius, F.H.; Kiel, T.; Krueger, S.; Lekebusch, R.; Nernst, R.; Sievers, D.; Stock, V.; Strohbusch, U.; Bloom, E.D.; Clare, R.; Cooper, S.; Fairfield, K.; Fridman, A.; Gaiser, J.; Gelphman, D.; Godfrey, G.; Hofstadter, R.; Kirkbride, I.; Lee, R.; Leffler, S.; Litke, A.M.; Lockman, W.; Lowe, S.; Niczyporuk, B.; Pollock, B.; Schwarz, A.; Tompkins, J.; Van Uitert, B.; Wacker, K.; Brock, I.; Engler, A.; Kraemer, R.W.; Marlow, D.; Messing, F.; Prindle, D.; Renger, B.; Rippich, C.; Vogel, H.; Vogel, A.; Cavalli-Sforza, M.; Coyne, D.; Folger, G.; Glaser, G.; Kobel, M.; Lurz, B.; Schuette, J.; Volland, U.; Wegener, H.; Janssen, H.; Koenig, A.C.; Metzger, W.J.; Reidenbach, M.; Schotanus, J.; Walle, R.T. van de; Walk, W.; Keh, S.; Kilian, H.; Koenigsmann, K.; Scheer, M.; Schmitt, P.; Marsiske, H.; Muryn, B.; Nowak, G.; Peck, C.; Porter, F.C.; Ratoff, P.; Williams, D.A.

    1990-01-01

    The Crystal Ball detector has been used at the DORIS II storage ring at DESY to study the reaction γγ→π 0 π 0 π 0 in the π 0 π 0 π 0 invariant mass range from 850 MeV/c 2 to 2600 MeV/c 2 . An enhancement around 1750 MeV/c 2 is attributed to the π 2 (1670) resonance. The observed π 0 π 0 invariant mass distribution and the π 0 angular distributions are consistent with those expected for the decay chain π 2 →π 0 f 2 (1270)→π 0 π 0 π 0 . From our measurements we find the following resonance parameters: two photon partial width Γ π2 γγ =(1.45±0.23±0.28) keV, mass M(π 2 )=(1742±31±49) MeV/c 2 and total width Γ π2 tot =(236±49±36) MeV. (orig.)

  10. Argus drift chamber

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Danilov, M; Nagovizin, V; Hasemann, H; Michel, E; Schmidt-Parzefall, W; Wurth, R; Kim, P

    1983-11-15

    The ARGUS detector came into operation at the DORIS-II e/sup +/s/sup -/ storage ring at the end of 1982. Its two meter long drift chamber contains 5940 sense and 24588 field wires organized in uniform 18x18.8 mm/sup 2/ drift cells filling the whole volume. These cells form 36 layers, 18 of which provide stereo views. Each sense wire is equipped with a single hit TDC and ADC for coordinate and dE/dx measurements. The chamber is operated with propane to improve momentum and dE/dx resolution. The drift chamber design and initial performance are presented. With a very crude space-time relation approximation and without all the necessary corrections applied a spatial resolution of about 200 ..mu..m was obtained for half of the drift cell volume. Further corrections should improve this result. An intrinsic dE/dx resolution of 4.2% and an actual resolution of 5% were obtained for cosmic muons and also for Bhabha scattered electrons. An actual dE/dx resolution of 5.6% was obtained for pions from e/sup +/e/sup -/ annihilation data with almost no track selection. A relativistic rise of 30% was observed in good agreement with theory. The long-term stability is still to be investigated.

  11. The OLYMPUS experiment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Milner, R.; Hasell, D.K. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States); Kohl, M. [Hampton Univ., Hampton, VA (United States); Collaboration: The OLYMPUS Collaboration; and others

    2013-12-15

    The OLYMPUS experiment was designed to measure the ratio between the positron-proton and electron-proton elastic scattering cross sections, with the goal of determining the contribution of two-photon exchange to the elastic cross section. Two-photon exchange might resolve the discrepancy between measurements of the proton form factor ratio, {mu}{sub p}G{sup p}{sub E}/G{sup p}{sub M}, made using polarization techniques and those made in unpolarized experiments. OLYMPUS operated on the DORIS storage ring at DESY, alternating between 2.01 GeV electron and positron beams incident on an internal hydrogen gas target. The experiment used a toroidal magnetic spectrometer instrumented with drift chambers and time-of-flight detectors to measure rates for elastic scattering over the polar angular range of approximately 25 -75 . Symmetric Moeller/Bhabha calorimeters at 1.29 and telescopes of GEM and MWPC detectors at 12 served as luminosity monitors. A total luminosity of approximately 4.5 fb{sup -1} was collected over two running periods in 2012. This paper provides details on the accelerator, target, detectors, and operation of the experiment.

  12. Límites del deseo: incesto y familia en El lenguaje de las orquídeas de Adriana González Mateos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anca Koczkas

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available This article employs Igor Primoratz’s ethics of sexuality to analyze the incestuous relationship between a thirteen year old girl and her uncle in the novel El lenguaje the las orquídeas (2007, by Adriana González Mateos. My critical inquiry starts with a basic question: What hides behind the multiple ways in which incest is represented here? The obvious answer would be: the disintegration of the family. By analogy, if the family falls apart, so does the whole country. The Mexican nation here, as Doris Summers would say, no longer needs incest to consolidate itself, perhaps because this concept is undergoing profound transformations. Due to continuous social and cultural shifts, as well as the profound mark feminist and gay liberation movements have left on the Mexican society, the novel discussed here posits a new vision of incest. One that leaves behind the pater familias in order to reveal the growing importance of women in society and their role in the formation (or disintegration for that matter of the family nucleus.

  13. Utilization of auxiliary means for the enhancement of the efficiency and stability of the biogas process; Einsatz von Hilfsmitteln zur Steigerung der Effizienz und Stabilitaet des Biogasprozesses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-07-01

    Within the Guelzow expert discussions at 29th September 2010 in Guelzow (Federal Republic of Germany) the following lectures were held: (1) State of the promotional work of the FNR on the subject auxiliary means - open questions (Petra Schuesseler); (2) Utilization of auxiliary means in the biogas production - Survey and experiences from laboratory and practice (Konrad Koch); (3) ORGA - test: Development of a test procedure for the practical evaluation of the fermentation biology of NaWaRo biogas plants (Nils Engler); (3) Investigations for the utilization of minerals in biogas plants - Significance of minerals for anaerobic microorganisms and causes for concentration differences in biogas fermentation plants (Andreas Lemmer); (4) Quantification of the efficiency of mineral biogas additives at the fermentation of renewable raw materials and their verification in the practice (Dirk Wagner); (5) Optimization of processes by means of enzymes in biogas plants (Monika Heiermann); (6) Utilization of microorganisms for the enhancement of the gas yield (Doris Schmack); (7) Results of the discussion and summary (Petra Schuesseler).

  14. A Saturday of science: inspiring young girls' careers

    CERN Multimedia

    Pauline Gagnon

    2011-01-01

    On 12 November, more than 240 girls aged 9-14 descended upon the Geneva University science building for the second Geneva edition of Expand Your Horizons. This initiative, started in the United States in 1974, aims to inspire young girls to consider scientific careers by giving them a chance to do fun, hands-on experiments in all sorts of technical and scientific fields.    Some of the girls got to build their own cloud chamber to “see the invisible” cosmic rays. (Photo credit: Doris Chromek-Burckhart.) The philosophy of Expand Your Horizons is to set an example: all workshops and career booths are staffed by women scientists, so that the girls can really identify with the scientists and feel that they could be them. For the 2011 Geneva event, the participants, recruited from nearby public and private schools both in France and Switzerland, could choose from 11 different workshops, including building a solar car, programming a robot, discovering the underlying ch...

  15. dermaOXY skin assay: effect and evidence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Menov, Lasse; Klösgen-Buchkremer, Beate Maria

    2015-01-01

    of the instrument set DermaLab®Combo, which is used for the physical characterization of skin status after treatment. The report consists of four main parts, dedicated to 1. the properties of human skin 2. the anti-aging methods applied by the dermaOXY treatment 3. the analytical methods applied by derma......This text is a videnkupon report supported by the Danish Innovation Fonds and conducted by L.M. and B.K. for dermaOXY (by MedicTinedic ApS, Varde, Denmark). It involves two dermaOXY products: dermaOXY HYALURON SERUM and dermaOXY SYN SERUM. These are applied to the facial skin in combination....... This knowledge is important for assessing the dermaOXY approach to slow down (or better yet inhibit) the phenotypical signs of aging. Professor Beate Klösgen and B.Sc. Lasse Menov performed the study and wrote this report. Lars Melgaard, COO of dermaOXY, provided the information on the dermaOXY approach. Doris...

  16. The OLYMPUS experiment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Milner, R. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States); Hasell, D.K., E-mail: hasell@mit.edu [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States); Kohl, M. [Hampton University, Hampton, VA (United States); Schneekloth, U. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, Hamburg (Germany); Akopov, N. [Alikhanyan National Science Laboratory (Yerevan Physics Institute), Yerevan (Armenia); Alarcon, R. [Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ (United States); Andreev, V.A. [Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Gatchina (Russian Federation); Ates, O. [Hampton University, Hampton, VA (United States); Avetisyan, A. [Alikhanyan National Science Laboratory (Yerevan Physics Institute), Yerevan (Armenia); Bayadilov, D.; Beck, R. [Friedrich Wilhelms Universität, Bonn (Germany); Belostotski, S. [Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Gatchina (Russian Federation); Bernauer, J.C.; Bessuille, J. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States); Brinker, F. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, Hamburg (Germany); Buck, B. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States); Calarco, J.R. [University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH (United States); Carassiti, V. [Università di Ferrara and Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Ferrara (Italy); Cisbani, E. [Istituto Superiore di Sanità and Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Rome (Italy); Ciullo, G. [Università di Ferrara and Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Ferrara (Italy); and others

    2014-03-21

    The OLYMPUS experiment was designed to measure the ratio between the positron–proton and electron–proton elastic scattering cross-sections, with the goal of determining the contribution of two-photon exchange to the elastic cross-section. Two-photon exchange might resolve the discrepancy between measurements of the proton form factor ratio, μ{sub p}G{sub E}{sup p}/G{sub M}{sup p}, made using polarization techniques and those made in unpolarized experiments. OLYMPUS operated on the DORIS storage ring at DESY, alternating between 2.01 GeV electron and positron beams incident on an internal hydrogen gas target. The experiment used a toroidal magnetic spectrometer instrumented with drift chambers and time-of-flight detectors to measure rates for elastic scattering over the polar angular range of approximately 25°–75°. Symmetric Møller/Bhabha calorimeters at 1.29° and telescopes of GEM and MWPC detectors at 12° served as luminosity monitors. A total luminosity of approximately 4.5 fb{sup −1} was collected over two running periods in 2012. This paper provides details on the accelerator, target, detectors, and operation of the experiment.

  17. Accelerators 2010. Highlights and annual report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-11-10

    The following topics are dealt with: DESY II beam operation, DORIS III, PETRA III, FLASH, FLASH II, the European XFEL, a relativistic electron gun for atomic explorations, beam quality improvement, the international linear collider, new power supplies for DESY II, PETRA III power supplies, PETRA III beam position monitoring system, personnel safety, the FLASH refrigerator, the European XFEL-type RF waveguide distribution for FLASH, the FLASH injector low-level RF (LLRF) system upgrade, the precision RF field regulation at FLASH, ultrashort bunches at FLASH, the improved optical link design at FLASH, the accelerator module test facility, LLRF development for the European XFEL, the European XFEL cavities, niobium material for European-XFEL cavities, surface investigation on prototype cavities for the European XFEL, advances in large-grain resonators for superconducting RF technology, cavities for electron accelerator diagnostics in the European XFEL, temperature calculations for the European XFEL, electron interactions in free-electron lasers, achromatic and apochromatic beam transport, the DESY accelerator-idea market, new concepts for free-electron lasers. (HSI)

  18. Literary awards 2000

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    Riigi kultuuripreemia: Andres Ehin (koondkogu "Alateadvus on alatasa purjus" eest); Eesti Kultuurkapitali aastapreemia: Jaan Kaplinski (luule koondkogu "Kirjutatud", romaanid "Silm" ja "Hektor" ning esseeraamat "Kevad kahel rannikul ehk Tundeline teekond Ameerikasse"; Kirjanduse sihtkapitali aastapreemiad: Udo Uibo ajakirja Looming uuendamise eest ning Märt Väljataga raamatusarja "Avatud Eesti raamat" algatamise ja suunamise eest; Eesti kirjanduse aastapreemia: Proosa - Andrus Kivirähk "Rehepapp". Luule - Hando Runnel "Mõistatused". Näitekirjandus - Mart Kivastik "Näidendid". Esseistika - Maie Kalda "Mis mees ta on?". Lastekirjandus - Valeria Ränik "Ülejõel, Kassilaiu pealinnas". Tõlge eesti keelde - Krista Kaer (tõlked inglise keelest: Doris Lessingi "Kuldne märkmeraamat" ja J. K. Rowling'i Harry Potteri lood). Tõlge eesti keelest - Mai Bereczki (ungarikeelse eesti luule antoloogia "Kellade hellus" I-II koostamine); Romaanivõistluse võitjad: I koht - Aarne Ruben ""Volta" annab kaeblikku vilet"; II koht - Leo Kunnas "Sõdurjumala teener"; III koht - Maimu Veske "Continental" ja Lehte Hainsalu "Kellakuuljad"; Ulmekirjanduse eripreemia Varrakult - Indrek Hargla "Baiita needus"; B. Alveri kirjandusauhind: Jürgen Rooste (esikkogu "Sonetid"); Virumaa kirjanduspreemia: Andrus Kivirähk (romaan "Rehepapp"); F. Tuglase novelliauhind: Mati Unt ("Nouvelle") ja Tarmo Teder ("Kohtumine")

  19. Automation and remote access of EMBL small angle X-ray scattering beamline X33 dedicated to biological macromolecules

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Weifeng Shang; Roessle, M.; Blanchet, C.; Zozulya, A.; Franke, D.; Petoukhov, M.; Kikhney, A.; Svergun, D.

    2009-01-01

    Full text: The small-angle X-ray scattering beamline X33 of the European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL) at the DORIS III storage ring (HASYLAB/DESY) has been dedicated to structural studies of non-crystalline biological systems for more than two decades. In the last several years, the introduction of new optical systems (monochromator, mirror, slits etc) and detector systems (large area image plate Mar345 and PILATUS 1M) leads to an improvement of photon flux by a factor of 3 and a reduction of the exposure time by a factor of 7. Moreover, an automated sample changer has been constructed and in operation since August 2007. The data analysis pipeline consisting of the program suite yields the radius of gyration and forward scattering intensity using Guinier analysis (AutoRg), pair distance distribution function p(r) using indirect Fourier transform method (AutoGNOM), and bead models using ab initio shape determination (DAMMIN and DAMMIF). The results of these analysis which are immediately available after each measurement provides an invaluable tool for data quality control during the data collection. Furthermore, works on remote control of the integrated data collection and analysis software is ongoing and expected to be operated in late 2009 where users can send their samples and control the measurements at home institutes. (author)

  20. Fundamental harmonic electron cyclotron emission for hot, loss-cone type distributions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bornatici, M.; Ruffina, U.; Westerhof, E.

    1988-01-01

    Electron cyclotron emission (ECE) is an important diagnostic tool for the study of hot plasmas. ECE can be used not only to measure the electron temperature but also to obtain information about non-thermal characteristics of the electron distribution function. One such a nonthermal characteristic is a loss-cone anisotropy. Loss-cone anisotropy can give rise to unstable growth of electro-magnetic waves around the harmonics of the electron cyclotron resonance and to increased emissivity of electron cyclotron waves. In case of high electron temperatures, also the dispersion properties of the extraordinary (X-) mode arond the fundamental electron cyclotron resonance are changed due to loss-cone anisotropy. The consequences of these dispersion properties for the emissivity of the fundamental harmonic X-mode are analyzed for perpendicular propagation. The emissivity, is calculated for two types of distribution functions having a loss-cone anisotropy. These distribution functions are a relativistic Dory-Guest-Harris type distribution function and modified relativistic Maxwellian distribution having a loss-cone with rounded edges (author). 9 refs.; 2 figs

  1. Automated acquisition and analysis of small angle X-ray scattering data

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Franke, Daniel; Kikhney, Alexey G.; Svergun, Dmitri I.

    2012-01-01

    Small Angle X-ray Scattering (SAXS) is a powerful tool in the study of biological macromolecules providing information about the shape, conformation, assembly and folding states in solution. Recent advances in robotic fluid handling make it possible to perform automated high throughput experiments including fast screening of solution conditions, measurement of structural responses to ligand binding, changes in temperature or chemical modifications. Here, an approach to full automation of SAXS data acquisition and data analysis is presented, which advances automated experiments to the level of a routine tool suitable for large scale structural studies. The approach links automated sample loading, primary data reduction and further processing, facilitating queuing of multiple samples for subsequent measurement and analysis and providing means of remote experiment control. The system was implemented and comprehensively tested in user operation at the BioSAXS beamlines X33 and P12 of EMBL at the DORIS and PETRA storage rings of DESY, Hamburg, respectively, but is also easily applicable to other SAXS stations due to its modular design.

  2. Indigenous Australian Texts in European English Departments: A Fence, a Bridge and a Country as an Answer to the Debate over Multiculturalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iva Polak

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Though non-canonical Anglophone courses in the curriculum of European English departments are no longer seen as oddity, they are often regarded as “marginal” in comparison to the British and American canon. However, courses focusing on the cultural output of postcolonial voices, moreover of the most marginal of postcolonial voices, do not only challenge the extent to which we have managed to shift from Eurocentrism in literary theory, but also reveal the complexities of the current cultural trends, such as the frequently evoked policy of multiculturalism. The paper argues that courses which include texts by Indigenous Australian authors reveal the story of survival in a country that is literally multicultural, and stress the importance of one’s own place of utterance, which is as local as it is global. The above issues are exemplified by the works of the famous Aboriginal writers Doris Pilkington/Nugi Garimara (Follow the Rabbit-Proof Fence, 1996, John Muk Muk Burke (Bridge of Triangles, 1994 and Alexis Wright (Carpentaria, 2006.

  3. Radiative decays of the upsilon (2S) resonance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Irion, J.

    1984-04-01

    The Crystal Ball Detector at DORIS II was used to study radiative decays of the upsilon (2S) resonance with more than twice the previously available data. The inclusive photon spectrum of hadronic upsilon (2S) decays and the exclusive channel upsilon (2S) → γγ upsilon (1S) → γγ l + l - were analyzed. In the inclusive spectrum three significant photon lines at energies of Eγ 1 = (108.2 +- 0.7 +- 4) MeV, Eγ 1 = (127.1 +- 0.8 +- 4) MeV and Eγ 3 = (160.0 +- 2.4 +- 4) MeV with branching fractions of (6.0 +- 0.7 +- 0.9)%, (6.6 +- 0.8 +- 1.0)%, (2.6 +- 0.7 +- 0.8)% respectively were measured. The lines are consistent with being transitions from the upsilon (2S) to the 3 P 2 , 3 P 1 and 3 P 0 states. In addition a line at Eγ approx. 427 MeV was observed which is interpreted as transitions from the 3 P 2 1 states to the upsilon (1S). 17 references

  4. Photon science 2010. Highlights and HASYLAB annual report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-12-15

    The following topics are dealt with: Silicon melts in two steps, 3D-imaging at FLASH, femtosecond snapshots of magnetic domains, shooting an ultrafast electronic movie, Thomson scattering at FLASH, delaying sample destruction in FLASH experiments, periodic dislocations in thin PbSe films, formation of 2D crystals on water, advancing of the carbon age in nanoelectronics by rhodium, delocalized excitons in amorphous solids, aquatic - paraffin coated -pentacene transistors for biosensing, putting the squeeze on cuprate superconductors, X-ray audit of DNA replication licensing, structural insights into the regulation of protein kinases, X-ray superradiance and the collective Lamb shift, defect imaging with coherent X-rays, X-radiation damage in biological samples, the light sources DORIS III, FLASH, PETRA III, and the European XFEL, a fast switching mirror unit at FLASH, a high-precision on-line grating spectrometer, a working prototype of the adaptive gain integrating pixel detector, undulators at the PETRA III light source, development of multilayer optics at DESY, longitudinal coherence studies of FLASH radiation. (HSI)

  5. William Horner Andrews (1887-1953)- first professor of physiology at Onderstepoort.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verwoerd, D W; Andrews, W J H

    2011-03-01

    W H Andrews qualified as a veterinarian in London in 1908 and was recruited soon after, in 1909, by Sir Arnold Theiler to join the staff of the newly established veterinary laboratory at Onderstepoort. After initial studies on the treatment of trypanosomosis and on snake venoms he was deployed by Theiler in 1911 to start research on lamsiekte (botulism)at a field station on the farm Kaffraria near Christiana, where he met and married his wife Doris. After a stint as Captain in the SA Veterinary Corps during World War I he succeeded D T Mitchell as head of the Allerton Laboratory in 1918, where he excelled in research on toxic plants, inter alia identifying Matricaria nigellaefolia as the cause of staggers in cattle. When the Faculty of Veterinary Science was established in 1920 he was appointed as the first Professor of Physiology. After the graduation of the first class in 1924, and due to health problems, he returned to the UK, first to the Royal Veterinary College and then to the Weybridge Veterinary Laboratories of which he became Director in 1927. After his retirement in 1947 he returned to South Africa as a guest worker at Onderstepoort where he again became involved in teaching physiology when Prof. Quin unexpectedly died in 1950. Andrews died in Pretoria in 1953 and was buried in the Rebecca Street Cemetery.

  6. Study of the production of heavy leptons in the energy range of 9.4-31.6 GeV

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Meyer, O.

    1981-02-01

    The production of tau-pairs has been studied with the magnetic detector PLUTO at the storage rings DORIS and PETRA. Data are presented for values of centre of mass energy between 9.4 and 31.6 GeV. The measured cross section is found to be in good agreement with the predictions of QED. The lower limits for the cutoff parameters Λsub(+) > 79 GeV and Λsub(-) > 63 GeV (95% CL) are determined. This corresponds to a test of the pointlike nature of the tau down to distances of r -16 cm. The branching ratios for tau decay have been determined and are consistent with the world averages and with the theoretical predictions. A search has been made for the production of a new sequential heavy lepton. A lower limit of 14.5 GeV/c 2 for the mass of a new charged lepton with standard decay modes has been obtained with 95% CL. (orig.) [de

  7. Development of the Laser Retroreflector Array (LRA) for SARAL

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costes, Vincent; Gasc, Karine; Sengenes, Pierre; Salcedo, Corinne; Imperiali, Stéphan; du Jeu, Christian

    2017-11-01

    CNES (French spatial agency) will provide the AltiKa high resolution altimeter, Doris instrument and the LRA (Laser Retroreflector Array) for SARAL (Satellite with Argos and AltiKa) in cooperation with ISRO (Indian space agency). The LRA is a passive equipment reflecting the laser beams coming from the Earth ground stations. Computing the send-return time travel of the laser beams allows the determination of the satellite altitude within an accuracy of a few millimeters. The reflective function is done by a set of 9 corner cube reflectors, with a conical arrangement providing a 150 degrees wide field of view over the full 360 degrees azimuth angle. According to CNES optomechanical specifications, the LRA has been developed by SESO (French optical firm). SESO has succeeded in providing the corner cube reflectors with a very stringent dihedral angle error of 1.6 arcsec and an accuracy within +/-0.5 arcsec. During this development, SESO has performed mechanical, thermal and thermo-optical analyses. The optical gradient of each corner cube, as well as angular deviations and PSF (Point Spread Function) in each laser range finding direction, have been computed. Mechanical and thermal tests have been successfully performed. A thermo-optical test has successfully confirmed the optical effect of the predicted in-flight thermal gradients. Each reflector is characterized in order to find its best location in the LRA housing and give the maximum optimization to the space telemetering mission.

  8. Models of the stochastic activity of neurones

    CERN Document Server

    Holden, Arun Vivian

    1976-01-01

    These notes have grown from a series of seminars given at Leeds between 1972 and 1975. They represent an attempt to gather together the different kinds of model which have been proposed to account for the stochastic activity of neurones, and to provide an introduction to this area of mathematical biology. A striking feature of the electrical activity of the nervous system is that it appears stochastic: this is apparent at all levels of recording, ranging from intracellular recordings to the electroencephalogram. The chapters start with fluctuations in membrane potential, proceed through single unit and synaptic activity and end with the behaviour of large aggregates of neurones: L have chgaen this seque~~e\\/~~';uggest that the interesting behaviourr~f :the nervous system - its individuality, variability and dynamic forms - may in part result from the stochastic behaviour of its components. I would like to thank Dr. Julio Rubio for reading and commenting on the drafts, Mrs. Doris Beighton for producing the fin...

  9. 7 July 2011 - Members of the Swiss Federal Council (front row) in front of the Globe of Science and Innovation.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2011-01-01

    CERN-HI-1107166 01 1er rang: La chancelière Corina Casanova, le conseiller fédéral Johann N. Schneider-Ammann, le conseiller fédéral Ueli Maurer, la conseillère fédérale Eveline Widmer-Schlumpf, la conseillère fédérale Simonetta Sommaruga, la Présidente de la Confédération Micheline Calmy-Rey, le Directeur général du CERN Rolf Heuer, la conseillère fédérale Doris Leuthard, le conseiller fédéral Didier Burkhalter. 2è rang: Le vice-chancelier André Simonazzi , le vice-chancelier Thomas Helbling, la chef des relations internationales Felicitas Pauss, le directeur de la recherche et du calcul scientifique Sergio Bertolucci. 3è rang: Les scientifiques suisses: Ulrich Straumann (LHCb, Zürich et délégué suisse au Conseil du CERN), Rainer Wallny (CMS, ETHZ), Günther Dissertori (CMS, ETHZ), Antonio Ereditato (ATLAS, Bern), Tatsuya Nakada (LHCb, EPFL), Olivier Schneider (LHCb, EPFL), Martin Pohl (ATLAS, Genève), Vincenzo Chiochia (CM, Zürich), Giuseppe Iacobucci (ATLAS, Genève), le C...

  10. Naloxegol in opioid-induced constipation: a new paradigm in the treatment of a common problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoon SC

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Stephanie C Yoon,1 Heather C Bruner2 1Scripps Health and University of California San Diego, Joint Hospice and Palliative Medicine Fellowship, San Diego, 2Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego, Doris A. Howell Palliative Care Service, La Jolla, CA, USA Abstract: Opioid-induced constipation (OIC imposes a significant burden for patients taking pain medications, often resulting in decreased quality of life. Treatment of OIC with traditional medications for functional constipation can be incompletely effective, leading to nonadherence with opioid treatment and undertreated pain. An emerging class of medications that counteract the adverse effects of opioids in the gastrointestinal tract while preserving central nervous system-based pain relief may represent a paradigm shift in the prevention and treatment of OIC. One of these medications, naloxegol, is a once-daily, oral opioid antagonist that is effective, well-tolerated, and approved for treatment of OIC in patients with noncancer pain. More studies are needed to demonstrate this same utility in patients with cancer-related pain. Keywords: opioid-induced constipation, chronic pain, bowel care, peripherally acting mu-opioid-receptor antagonist, OIBD

  11. Clinical utility of naloxegol in the treatment of opioid-induced constipation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruner HC

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Heather C Bruner,1 Rabia S Atayee,2 Kyle P Edmonds,3 Gary T Buckholz3 1Scripps Health and University of California San Diego, Joint Hospice and Palliative Medicine Fellowship, San Diego, CA, USA; 2University of California San Diego, Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, La Jolla, CA, USA; 3Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego, Doris A Howell Palliative Care Service, La Jolla, CA, USA Abstract: Opioids are a class of medications frequently used for the treatment of acute and chronic pain, exerting their desired effects at central opioid receptors. Agonism at peripherally located opioid receptors, however, leads to opioid-induced constipation (OIC, one of the most frequent and debilitating side effects of prolonged opioid use. Insufficient relief of OIC with lifestyle modification and traditional laxative treatments may lead to decreased compliance with opioid regimens and undertreated pain. Peripherally acting mu-opioid receptor antagonists (PAMORAs offer the reversal of OIC without loss of central pain relief. Until recently, PAMORAs were restricted to subcutaneous route or to narrow patient populations. Naloxegol is the first orally dosed PAMORA indicated for the treatment of OIC in noncancer patients. Studies have suggested its efficacy in patients failing traditional constipation treatments; however, insufficient evidence exists to establish its role in primary prevention of OIC at this time. Keywords: opioid-induced bowel dysfunction, chronic pain, peripherally-acting mu-opioid antagonist, bowel care, OIC, OIBD 

  12. A Study of Sentinel-1 TOPS Mode Co-registration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    WU Wenhao

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The TOPS imaging mode is the default operation mode of Sentinel-1 satellite, an overall azimuth coregistration accuracy of better than 0.001 pixels is required for this configuration in order to achieve the interferometric phase bias is less than three degrees. Based on the high accuracy of Sentinel-1 orbital information, this paper demonstrates a sufficiently high coregistration accuracy is able to be achieved by geometrical coregistration algorithm, which satisfies the pre-requirement for estimating the residual coregistration error by enhanced spectral diversity method. Based on DORIS open source software, a coregistration approach for Sentinel-A TOPS mode is implemented by an algorithm of geometric prediction of the shifts using precise orbit information, and an improvement on coregistration processing is achieved by enhanced spectral diversity. An interferometric phase jump between two Bursts could be caused by surface deformation in azimuth direction, and introduce a disturbance when estimating the residual coregistration error by enhanced spectral diversity method. In this paper, based on related theory analysis and real data processing test, an outlier detection estimation method is proposed to reduce the disturbance of enhanced spectral diversity coregistration method, which is caused by phase jumps.

  13. Diagnosing true virtue? Remote scenarios, warranted virtue attributions, and virtuous medical practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oakley, Justin

    2016-02-01

    Immanuel Kant argues in the Foundations that remote scenarios are diagnostic of genuine virtue. When agents commonly thought to have a particular virtue fail to exhibit that virtue in an extreme situation, he argues, they do not truly have the virtue at all, and our propensities to fail in such ways indicate that true virtue might never have existed. Kant's suggestion that failure to show, say, courage in extraordinary circumstances necessarily silences one's claim to have genuine courage seems to rely on an implausibly demanding standard for warranted virtue attributions. In contrast to this approach, some philosophers-such as Robert Adams and John Doris-have argued for probabilistic accounts of warranted virtue attributions. But despite the initial plausibility of such accounts, I argue that a sole reliance on probabilistic approaches is inadequate, as they are insufficiently sensitive to considerations of credit and fault, which emerge when agents have developed various insurance strategies and protective capacities against their responding poorly to particular eventualities. I also argue that medical graduates should develop the sorts of virtuous dispositions necessary to protect patient welfare against various countervailing influences (even where such influences might be encountered only rarely), and that repeated failures to uphold the proper goals of medicine in emergency scenarios might indeed be diagnostic of whether an individual practitioner does have the relevant medical virtue. In closing, I consider the dispositions involved in friendship. I seek to develop a principled way of determining when remote scenarios can be illuminating of genuine friendship and genuine virtue.

  14. The OLYMPUS experiment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Milner, R.; Hasell, D.K.; Kohl, M.

    2013-12-01

    The OLYMPUS experiment was designed to measure the ratio between the positron-proton and electron-proton elastic scattering cross sections, with the goal of determining the contribution of two-photon exchange to the elastic cross section. Two-photon exchange might resolve the discrepancy between measurements of the proton form factor ratio, μ p G p E /G p M , made using polarization techniques and those made in unpolarized experiments. OLYMPUS operated on the DORIS storage ring at DESY, alternating between 2.01 GeV electron and positron beams incident on an internal hydrogen gas target. The experiment used a toroidal magnetic spectrometer instrumented with drift chambers and time-of-flight detectors to measure rates for elastic scattering over the polar angular range of approximately 25 -75 . Symmetric Moeller/Bhabha calorimeters at 1.29 and telescopes of GEM and MWPC detectors at 12 served as luminosity monitors. A total luminosity of approximately 4.5 fb -1 was collected over two running periods in 2012. This paper provides details on the accelerator, target, detectors, and operation of the experiment.

  15. Photon science 2008. Highlights and HASYLAB annual report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2009-01-01

    The following topics are dealt with: A femtosecond X-ray/optical cross-correlator, ultrafast movies of nanoscale dynamics, massively parallel X-ray holography, clusters in super intense FLASH pulses, a chemical driven insulator-metal transition, tough silk, insight into the reactivity, the many faces of molecular assemblies in electronic devices, cooperative or self-centred electrons, visualizing a lost painting by Vincent van Gogh, metal contaminations in small water fleas, small-angle X-ray scattering as complement of crystallography, mapping the protein world, how metallic iron eats its own native oxide, hard X-ray diffraction imaging, the centre for free-electron laser science CFEL, the Hamburg EMBL unit, the Max-Planck unit for structural molecular biology, the GKSS Research Centre Geesthacht, the GFZ Helmholtz Centre Potsdam, the University of Hamburg on the DESY site, the light sources DORIS III, FLASH, PETRA III, and the European XFEL project, beamline enhancements and photon diagnostics at FLASH, undulator development for the European XFEL, special X-ray monochromators for PETRA III, high-power photon slits and shutters, the generation of brilliant beams, undulator demagnetization in LINAC based FELs, the control of experiments, advanced detection. (HSI)

  16. High resolution VUV matrix isolation spectroscopy using synchrotron radiation: N2 in Ne

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Guertler, P.; Koch, E.E.

    1980-01-01

    We have investigated the VUV absorption spectrum of nitrogen in a neon matrix exploiting the intense synchrotron radiation continuum of the storage ring DORIS and the high resolving power of a 3 m normal incidence monochromator. With an improved sample preparation technique we were able to observe both the allowed transitions b 1 PIsub(u) and b 1 Σ + sub(u) between 12.4 and 14.0 eV and even the forbidden transitions w 1 Δsub(u) and a 1 PIsub(g) between 8.0 and 11.0 eV. All four transitions consist of long progressions of sharp bands (GAMMA approx. 10 meV) which are deperturbed in the matrix due to the suppression of nearby Rydberg states. Using symmetry arguments, our analysis of the spectra leads us to the conclusion that the N 2 molecule is oriented along the (1,1,1) direction in the host lattice. A detailed fine structure is observed for most bands of the first time. This fine structure is caused by dynamical interactions of the excited molecules with the matrix and is interpreted as excitation of librational modes of the N 2 molecule and a selective coupling to phonon modes of the neon lattice. (orig.)

  17. Accelerators 2010. Highlights and annual report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2011-01-01

    The following topics are dealt with: DESY II beam operation, DORIS III, PETRA III, FLASH, FLASH II, the European XFEL, a relativistic electron gun for atomic explorations, beam quality improvement, the international linear collider, new power supplies for DESY II, PETRA III power supplies, PETRA III beam position monitoring system, personnel safety, the FLASH refrigerator, the European XFEL-type RF waveguide distribution for FLASH, the FLASH injector low-level RF (LLRF) system upgrade, the precision RF field regulation at FLASH, ultrashort bunches at FLASH, the improved optical link design at FLASH, the accelerator module test facility, LLRF development for the European XFEL, the European XFEL cavities, niobium material for European-XFEL cavities, surface investigation on prototype cavities for the European XFEL, advances in large-grain resonators for superconducting RF technology, cavities for electron accelerator diagnostics in the European XFEL, temperature calculations for the European XFEL, electron interactions in free-electron lasers, achromatic and apochromatic beam transport, the DESY accelerator-idea market, new concepts for free-electron lasers. (HSI)

  18. Photon science 2010. Highlights and HASYLAB annual report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2010-12-01

    The following topics are dealt with: Silicon melts in two steps, 3D-imaging at FLASH, femtosecond snapshots of magnetic domains, shooting an ultrafast electronic movie, Thomson scattering at FLASH, delaying sample destruction in FLASH experiments, periodic dislocations in thin PbSe films, formation of 2D crystals on water, advancing of the carbon age in nanoelectronics by rhodium, delocalized excitons in amorphous solids, aquatic - paraffin coated -pentacene transistors for biosensing, putting the squeeze on cuprate superconductors, X-ray audit of DNA replication licensing, structural insights into the regulation of protein kinases, X-ray superradiance and the collective Lamb shift, defect imaging with coherent X-rays, X-radiation damage in biological samples, the light sources DORIS III, FLASH, PETRA III, and the European XFEL, a fast switching mirror unit at FLASH, a high-precision on-line grating spectrometer, a working prototype of the adaptive gain integrating pixel detector, undulators at the PETRA III light source, development of multilayer optics at DESY, longitudinal coherence studies of FLASH radiation. (HSI)

  19. L’afflizione in seconda persona nella scrittura. Dall’alloglossia alle esperienze non autoctone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oleksandra Rekut-Liberatore

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available According to the Jankelevitch classification, there’s a death in the first, second, and third person which corresponds respectively to one’s own, someone’s beloved, and a stranger’s death. This research deals with the trauma caused by the cancer of the Other who is the nearest and the dearest one (the death in second person. In Italian literature his father’s tumour is the narrative centre of Requiem (1991 by Antonio Tabucchi, as well as of Vita e morte di un ingegnere (2012 by Edoardo Albinati. Her son’s abdominal fibrosarcoma lay behind Paola Natalicchio’s writing Il Regno di Op (2013. His wife’s lung neoplasia is the main concern of La fine del giorno (2013 by Pierlugi Battista where the author’s own tragedy – his woman’s tumour – is compared to the identical partner’s experience among some European writers like Michel Onfray, Magda Szabo, Doris Lessing and Philip Roth. The works under research represent a wide palette of different shades of suffering in second person that sometimes exceed the pain for its own identical diagnosis

  20. Comparison of elevation derived from insar data with dem from topography map in Son Dong, Bac Giang, Viet Nam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Duy

    2012-07-01

    Digital Elevation Models (DEMs) are used in many applications in the context of earth sciences such as in topographic mapping, environmental modeling, rainfall-runoff studies, landslide hazard zonation, seismic source modeling, etc. During the last years multitude of scientific applications of Synthetic Aperture Radar Interferometry (InSAR) techniques have evolved. It has been shown that InSAR is an established technique of generating high quality DEMs from space borne and airborne data, and that it has advantages over other methods for the generation of large area DEM. However, the processing of InSAR data is still a challenging task. This paper describes InSAR operational steps and processing chain for DEM generation from Single Look Complex (SLC) SAR data and compare a satellite SAR estimate of surface elevation with a digital elevation model (DEM) from Topography map. The operational steps are performed in three major stages: Data Search, Data Processing, and product Validation. The Data processing stage is further divided into five steps of Data Pre-Processing, Co-registration, Interferogram generation, Phase unwrapping, and Geocoding. The Data processing steps have been tested with ERS 1/2 data using Delft Object-oriented Interferometric (DORIS) InSAR processing software. Results of the outcome of the application of the described processing steps to real data set are presented.

  1. Hard two-photon contribution to elastic lepton-proton scattering determined by the OLYMPUS experiment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Henderson, B.S. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States); Ice, L.D. [Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (United States); Khaneft, D. [Mainz Univ. (Germany); Collaboration: OLYMPUS Collaboration; and others

    2016-12-15

    The OLYMPUS collaboration reports on a precision measurement of the positron-proton to electron-proton elastic cross section ratio, R{sub 2γ}, a direct measure of the contribution of hard two- photon exchange to the elastic cross section. In the OLYMPUS measurement, 2.01 GeV electron and positron beams were directed through a hydrogen gas target internal to the DORIS storage ring at DESY. A toroidal magnetic spectrometer instrumented with drift chambers and time-of-flight scintillators detected elastically scattered leptons in coincidence with recoiling protons over a scattering angle range of ∼20 to 80 . The relative luminosity between the two beam species was monitored using tracking telescopes of interleaved GEM and MWPC detectors at 12 , as well as symmetric Moeller/Bhabha calorimeters at 1.29 . A total integrated luminosity of 4.5 fb{sup -1} was collected. In the extraction of R{sub 2γ}, radiative effects were taken into account using a Monte Carlo generator to simulate the convolutions of internal bremsstrahlung with experiment-specific conditions such as detector acceptance and reconstruction efficiency. The resulting values of R{sub 2γ}, presented here for a wide range of virtual photon polarization 0.456<ε<0.978, are smaller than some hadronic two-photon exchange calculations predict, but are in reasonable agreement with a subtracted dispersion model and a phenomenological fit to the form factor data.

  2. Sea level differences between Topex/Poseidon altimetry and tide gauges: observed trends and vertical land motions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lombard, A.; Dominh, K.; Cazenave, A.; Calmant, S.; Cretaux, J.

    2002-12-01

    Nine year-long (1993-2001) sea level difference time series have been constructed by comparing sea level recorded by tide gauges and Topex/Poseidon altimetry. Although the primary goal of such an analysis is to define a sub network of good quality tide gauges for calibration of satellite altimetry systems, in particular Jason-1. The difference time series displaying large positive or negative trends may give evidence of vertical land motion at the tide gauge site. We have analyzed 98 tide gauge records from the UHSLC. Among them, 42 sites mainly located on open ocean islands, give very good agreement (better than 2 mm/year) with Topex/Poseidon-derived sea level trends. 22 other sites, mainly located along the continental coastlines of the Pacific Ocean, present sea level trends differing by more than 5 mm/year with Topex/Poseidon. Many of these sites are located in active tectonic areas (either in the vicinity of subduction zones or in active volcanic areas), where vertical land motions (either transient or long-term) are expected. For example, this is the case at Kushimoto, Ofunato, Kushiro (Japan), Kodiak Island and Yakutat (Alaska), La Libertad, Callao, Caldera (western south America), and Rabaul (western Pacific). When possible, we compare these observed trends in sea level differences with GPS and/or DORIS observations.

  3. Validation of an improved enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the diagnosis of trypanosomal antibodies in Ghanaian cattle

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Doku, C.K.; Seidu, I.B.M.

    2000-01-01

    The validation of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (Ab-ELISA) for the detection of antibodies to pathogenic trypanosomes in cattle is described. Two hundred known negative sera obtained from the tsetse-free zone of Dori (Burkina Faso) were analyzed using microtitre plates pre-coated with crude antigen lysates of Trypanosoma congolense and T. vivax. A pre-test optimization was carried out and a percent positivity (PP) of 50% was chosen (specificity: >82%) for assaying field sera. A total of 440 serum samples collected from cattle in areas of known and unknown disease prevalence were assayed. For all animals the packed red cell volume (PCV) was determined and the buffy coat technique (BCT) and blood smears were examined to detect trypanosomes at the species level. A comparison of the BCT and Ab-ELISA results showed there was a much higher prevalence of antibodies to both species than the parasite prevalence as shown by the BCT (10 fold). The rate of agreement between BCT-positive and Ab-ELISA-positive samples for both species was low (<10%). No conclusion could be drawn from this finding because of the low number of known BCT positive cases that were identified. There was a better, albeit highly variable, agreement between BCT-negative and Ab-ELISA-negative samples (30-70%). Proposals for further improvement of the Ab-ELISA and prospects for the use of the assay in the monitoring of trypanosomosis control in Ghana are discussed. (author)

  4. Submarine geo-hazards on the eastern Sardinia-Corsica continental margin based on preliminary pipeline route investigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cecchini, S.; Taliana, D.; Giacomini, L.; Herisson, C.; Bonnemaire, B.

    2011-03-01

    The understanding of the morphology and the shallow geo-hazards of the seafloor is a major focus for both academic and private industry research. On November and December 2009 a geophysical pipeline survey was carried out by Fugro Oceansismica S.p.A. (FOSPA) and FUGRO France (FFSA) for DORIS Engineering on behalf of GRTgaz (Engineering centre, Transmission Pipe Department; http://www.grtgaz.com) which are currently investigating the possibility of laying a pipeline between Sardinia and Corsica as a spur line from the planned GALSI Project. The Project, "Alimentation de la Corse en gaz naturel", consists of a corridor 100 km long and 1.0 km wide along the Corsica-Sardinia shelf. The integration of the multibeam, sidescan sonar and sparker data provided a high resolution seafloor mapping for geo-hazard assessment. In this article the data acquired along a break of slope section (approximately 20 km × 1.5 km), in the eastern sector of the Strait of Bonifacio are described. The area was abandoned during the survey, because of its unsuitability. Indeed, in this area the continental shelf, approximately 100 m deep and deepening gently eastward, is characterized by an uneven morphology, with different seabed features such as Beach- rocks mainly NNW-SSE oriented. Also, the continuity of the continental margin, identified around -110/-115 m, is interrupted by four canyon heads which incise the slope and are associated with glide deposits.

  5. Continuum Kinetic Plasma Modeling Using a Conservative 4th-Order Method with AMR

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vogman, Genia; Colella, Phillip

    2012-10-01

    When the number of particles in a Debye sphere is large, a plasma can be accurately represented by a distribution function, which can be treated as a continuous incompressible fluid in phase space. In the most general case the evolution of such a distribution function is described by the 6D Boltzmann-Maxwell partial differential equation system. To address the challenges associated with solving a 6D hyperbolic governing equation, a simpler 3D Vlasov-Poisson system is considered. A 4th-order accurate Vlasov-Poisson model has been developed in one spatial and two velocity dimensions. The governing equation is cast in conservation law form and is solved with a finite volume representation. Adaptive mesh refinement (AMR) is used to allow for efficient use of computational resources while maintaining desired levels of resolution. The model employs a flux limiter to remedy non-physical effects such as numerical dispersion. The model is tested on the two-stream, beam-plasma, and Dory-Guest-Harris instabilities. All results are compared with linear theory.

  6. ωω and ρ+ρ- production in two photon interactions at ARGUS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tsipolitis, G.

    1990-07-01

    The reactions γγ→2π + 2π - 2π 0 and γγ→π + π - π 0 π 0 have been studied by using the ARGUS detector at the e + e - storage ring DORIS II at DESY. In the 2π + 2π - 2π 0 final state the production of ω-mesons is observed and in particular the reaction γγ→ωω is seen for the first time. The cross section for γγ→ωω is found to have an enhancement at ≅ 1.9 GeV/c 2 of about 12 nb. The topological cross sections for the reactions γγ→2π + 2π - 2π 0 and γγ→ωπ + π - π 0 are also measured. The production of charged ρ-mesons is observed in the π + π - π 0 π 0 final state. The cross section for the reaction γγ→ρ + ρ - is measured for the first time. The cross section did not show a threshold enhancement similar to that found in the reaction γγ→ρ 0 ρ 0 and is about a factor of four smaller. A spin parity analysis of the ρ + ρ - system shows that the cross section is dominated by the two amplitudes J P =0 + and J P =2 + with helicity 2. (orig.)

  7. Rigorous Combination of GNSS and VLBI: How it Improves Earth Orientation and Reference Frames

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lambert, S. B.; Richard, J. Y.; Bizouard, C.; Becker, O.

    2017-12-01

    Current reference series (C04) of the International Earth Rotation and Reference Systems Service (IERS) are produced by a weighted combination of Earth orientation parameters (EOP) time series built up by combination centers of each technique (VLBI, GNSS, Laser ranging, DORIS). In the future, we plan to derive EOP from a rigorous combination of the normal equation systems of the four techniques.We present here the results of a rigorous combination of VLBI and GNSS pre-reduced, constraint-free, normal equations with the DYNAMO geodetic analysis software package developed and maintained by the French GRGS (Groupe de Recherche en GeÌodeÌsie Spatiale). The used normal equations are those produced separately by the IVS and IGS combination centers to which we apply our own minimal constraints.We address the usefulness of such a method with respect to the classical, a posteriori, combination method, and we show whether EOP determinations are improved.Especially, we implement external validations of the EOP series based on comparison with geophysical excitation and examination of the covariance matrices. Finally, we address the potential of the technique for the next generation celestial reference frames, which are currently determined by VLBI only.

  8. Marine protected area and the spatial distribution of the gill net fishery in Copacabana, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. B. Amorim

    Full Text Available Abstract This study characterizes the gill net fishery at Colônia de Pescadores Z13 (CPZ13, in Copacabana, Rio de Janeiro, and its relationship with the marine protected area ‘Monumento Natural do Arquipélago das Ilhas Cagarras – MoNa Cagarras’, describing the fleet and fishing gears, identifying fishing spots, species and their associations by gillnet type. From June 2012 to May 2013, every Tuesday to Sunday, gill net landings were monitored and fishers interviewed regarding their catch. Small boats (dory whaleboats are used to set three types of gillnets: “Corvineira” (target species – whitemouth croaker, “linguadeira” (target species – flounders and “rede-alta” (target species – bluefish. Fifty-nine species within 37 families were captured at 14 fishing spots, showing association with bottom type and distance from shore. The use of fisher’s local ecological knowledge defines gear placement at specific sites targeting fisheries resources. All fishing sites are not within the limits of MoNa Cagarras but would benefit from management plans including an MPA buffering zone.

  9. Hard Two-Photon Contribution to Elastic Lepton-Proton Scattering Determined by the OLYMPUS Experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henderson, B. S.; Ice, L. D.; Khaneft, D.; O'Connor, C.; Russell, R.; Schmidt, A.; Bernauer, J. C.; Kohl, M.; Akopov, N.; Alarcon, R.; Ates, O.; Avetisyan, A.; Beck, R.; Belostotski, S.; Bessuille, J.; Brinker, F.; Calarco, J. R.; Carassiti, V.; Cisbani, E.; Ciullo, G.; Contalbrigo, M.; de Leo, R.; Diefenbach, J.; Donnelly, T. W.; Dow, K.; Elbakian, G.; Eversheim, P. D.; Frullani, S.; Funke, Ch.; Gavrilov, G.; Gläser, B.; Görrissen, N.; Hasell, D. K.; Hauschildt, J.; Hoffmeister, Ph.; Holler, Y.; Ihloff, E.; Izotov, A.; Kaiser, R.; Karyan, G.; Kelsey, J.; Kiselev, A.; Klassen, P.; Krivshich, A.; Lehmann, I.; Lenisa, P.; Lenz, D.; Lumsden, S.; Ma, Y.; Maas, F.; Marukyan, H.; Miklukho, O.; Milner, R. G.; Movsisyan, A.; Murray, M.; Naryshkin, Y.; Perez Benito, R.; Perrino, R.; Redwine, R. P.; Rodríguez Piñeiro, D.; Rosner, G.; Schneekloth, U.; Seitz, B.; Statera, M.; Thiel, A.; Vardanyan, H.; Veretennikov, D.; Vidal, C.; Winnebeck, A.; Yeganov, V.; Olympus Collaboration

    2017-03-01

    The OLYMPUS Collaboration reports on a precision measurement of the positron-proton to electron-proton elastic cross section ratio, R2 γ , a direct measure of the contribution of hard two-photon exchange to the elastic cross section. In the OLYMPUS measurement, 2.01 GeV electron and positron beams were directed through a hydrogen gas target internal to the DORIS storage ring at DESY. A toroidal magnetic spectrometer instrumented with drift chambers and time-of-flight scintillators detected elastically scattered leptons in coincidence with recoiling protons over a scattering angle range of ≈20 ° to 80°. The relative luminosity between the two beam species was monitored using tracking telescopes of interleaved gas electron multiplier and multiwire proportional chamber detectors at 12°, as well as symmetric Møller or Bhabha calorimeters at 1.29°. A total integrated luminosity of 4.5 fb-1 was collected. In the extraction of R2 γ, radiative effects were taken into account using a Monte Carlo generator to simulate the convolutions of internal bremsstrahlung with experiment-specific conditions such as detector acceptance and reconstruction efficiency. The resulting values of R2 γ, presented here for a wide range of virtual photon polarization 0.456 <ɛ <0.978 , are smaller than some hadronic two-photon exchange calculations predict, but are in reasonable agreement with a subtracted dispersion model and a phenomenological fit to the form factor data.

  10. The OLYMPUS experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milner, R.; Hasell, D. K.; Kohl, M.; Schneekloth, U.; Akopov, N.; Alarcon, R.; Andreev, V. A.; Ates, O.; Avetisyan, A.; Bayadilov, D.; Beck, R.; Belostotski, S.; Bernauer, J. C.; Bessuille, J.; Brinker, F.; Buck, B.; Calarco, J. R.; Carassiti, V.; Cisbani, E.; Ciullo, G.; Contalbrigo, M.; D'Ascenzo, N.; De Leo, R.; Diefenbach, J.; Donnelly, T. W.; Dow, K.; Elbakian, G.; Eversheim, D.; Frullani, S.; Funke, Ch.; Gavrilov, G.; Gläser, B.; Görrissen, N.; Hauschildt, J.; Henderson, B. S.; Hoffmeister, Ph.; Holler, Y.; Ice, L. D.; Izotov, A.; Kaiser, R.; Karyan, G.; Kelsey, J.; Khaneft, D.; Klassen, P.; Kiselev, A.; Krivshich, A.; Lehmann, I.; Lenisa, P.; Lenz, D.; Lumsden, S.; Ma, Y.; Maas, F.; Marukyan, H.; Miklukho, O.; Movsisyan, A.; Murray, M.; Naryshkin, Y.; O'Connor, C.; Perez Benito, R.; Perrino, R.; Redwine, R. P.; Rodríguez Piñeiro, D.; Rosner, G.; Russell, R. L.; Schmidt, A.; Seitz, B.; Statera, M.; Thiel, A.; Vardanyan, H.; Veretennikov, D.; Vidal, C.; Winnebeck, A.; Yeganov, V.

    2014-03-01

    The OLYMPUS experiment was designed to measure the ratio between the positron-proton and electron-proton elastic scattering cross-sections, with the goal of determining the contribution of two-photon exchange to the elastic cross-section. Two-photon exchange might resolve the discrepancy between measurements of the proton form factor ratio, μpGEp/GMp, made using polarization techniques and those made in unpolarized experiments. OLYMPUS operated on the DORIS storage ring at DESY, alternating between 2.01 GeV electron and positron beams incident on an internal hydrogen gas target. The experiment used a toroidal magnetic spectrometer instrumented with drift chambers and time-of-flight detectors to measure rates for elastic scattering over the polar angular range of approximately 25°-75°. Symmetric Møller/Bhabha calorimeters at 1.29° and telescopes of GEM and MWPC detectors at 12° served as luminosity monitors. A total luminosity of approximately 4.5 fb-1 was collected over two running periods in 2012. This paper provides details on the accelerator, target, detectors, and operation of the experiment.

  11. Composition of Staff Review Advisory Bodies - 2003

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    For the present staff review, the advisory bodies set up to prepare recommendations are composed as follows : Senior Staff Advancement Committee (SSAC) David Plane/EP [Convener] Enrico Chiaveri/AB Peter Schmid/EP Technical Engineers & Administrative Careers Committee (TEACC) Robin Lauckner/AB [Chairman]Marcel Mottier/EST Michael Letheren/EP Louis Walckiers/AT Lucie Linssen/EP Mats Wilhelmsson/ST Long-term contract Boards (LTCBs) LTCB 1 (Categories 2 & 5a) Tiziano Camporesi/EP [Convener]Florence Ranjard/EP [Alternate] Roger Bailey/ABPeter Sievers/AT " " Doris Forkel-Wirth/TISPierre Ninin/ST " " Rob Rayson/HRMaarten Wilbers/DSU " " Seamus Hegarty/HR [Secretary] LTCB 2 (Categories 3, 4, 5b & 5c) Véronique Paris/AB [Convener]Fabien Perriollat/AB [Alternate] Christian Lasseur/ESTRamon Folch/EST " " Lucie Linssen/EP Alfredo Placci/EP " " Mats Møller/ASLaszlo Abel/SPL " " Seamus Hegarty/HR [Secretary] Human Resources Division Tel. 74128

  12. COMPOSITION OF STAFF REVIEW ADVISORY BODIES - 2002

    CERN Multimedia

    Human Resources Division

    2002-01-01

    For the present staff review, the advisory bodies set up to prepare recommendations are composed as follows: Senior Staff Advancement Committee (SSAC) Cristoforo BENVENUTI/EST [Convener] David PLANE/EP Peter SCHMID/EP Technical Engineers & Administrative Careers Committee (TEACC) Robin LAUCKNER/SL [Chairman] Flemming PEDERSEN/PS Lucie LINSSEN/EP Dietrich SCHINZEL/EP Marcel MOTTIER/EST Louis WALCKIERS/LHC Long-term contract Boards (LTCBs) (Categories 2 & 5a) Tiziano CAMPORESI/EP [Convener] Florence RANJARD/EP [Alternate] Jacques GRUBER/PS [until 30.6.2002] Roger BAILEY/SL [from 1.7. 2002] Peter SIEVERS/LHC [Alternate] Doris FORKEL-WIRTH/TIS Pierre NININ/ST [Alternate] Sue FOFFANO/AS Maarten WILBERS/DSU [Alternate] Werner ZAPF/HR[Secretary] LTCB 2 Categories 3, 4, 5b & 5c) Véronique PARIS/SL [Convener] Fabien PERRIOLLAT/PS [Alternate] Mats WILHELMSSON/ST Charles NUTTALL/TIS [Alternate] Lucie LINSSEN/EP Alfredo PLACCI/EP [Alternate] Patrick GEERAER...

  13. Neutrons and the crystal ball experiments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alyea, J.; Grosnick, D.; Koetke, D.; Manweiler, R.; Spinka, H.; Stanislaus, S.

    1997-01-01

    The Crystal Ball detector, as originally constructed, consisted of a set of 672 optically-isolated NaI crystals, forming an approximately spherical shell and each crystal viewed by a photomultiplier, a charged-particle tracker within the NaI shell, and two endcaps to cover angles close to two colliding beams. The detector geometry subtends a solid angle of about 93% of 4π st (20 degree le θ le 160degree and 0degree le φ le 360degree) from the center. The Crystal Ball detector was used for two long series of experiments at the e + e - colliding beam accelerators SPEAR [1, 2, 3, 4] at SLAC and DORIS [5, 6, 7, 8] at DESY. A new set of measurements using the Crystal Ball detector is planned at the Brookhaven National Laboratory Alternating Gradient Synchrotrons (BNL AGS). These new experiments will use the 672 NaI crystals from the original detector, but neither the tracker nor endcaps. The ''Crystal Ball'' in this note will refer only to the set of NaI crystals. Initially, the reactions to be studied will include π - pr a rrow neutrals with pion beam momenta approximately400-750 MeV/c and K - pr a rrow neutrals with kaon beam momenta approximately600-750 MeV/c. Each of these reactions will include a neutron in the final state. whereas the fraction of e + e - interactions with neutrons at SLAC or DESY was quite small. Consequently, there is relatively little experience understanding the behavior of neutrons in the Crystal Ball

  14. Space Geodetic Technique Co-location in Space: Simulation Results for the GRASP Mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuzmicz-Cieslak, M.; Pavlis, E. C.

    2011-12-01

    The Global Geodetic Observing System-GGOS, places very stringent requirements in the accuracy and stability of future realizations of the International Terrestrial Reference Frame (ITRF): an origin definition at 1 mm or better at epoch and a temporal stability on the order of 0.1 mm/y, with similar numbers for the scale (0.1 ppb) and orientation components. These goals were derived from the requirements of Earth science problems that are currently the international community's highest priority. None of the geodetic positioning techniques can achieve this goal alone. This is due in part to the non-observability of certain attributes from a single technique. Another limitation is imposed from the extent and uniformity of the tracking network and the schedule of observational availability and number of suitable targets. The final limitation derives from the difficulty to "tie" the reference points of each technique at the same site, to an accuracy that will support the GGOS goals. The future GGOS network will address decisively the ground segment and to certain extent the space segment requirements. The JPL-proposed multi-technique mission GRASP (Geodetic Reference Antenna in Space) attempts to resolve the accurate tie between techniques, using their co-location in space, onboard a well-designed spacecraft equipped with GNSS receivers, a SLR retroreflector array, a VLBI beacon and a DORIS system. Using the anticipated system performance for all four techniques at the time the GGOS network is completed (ca 2020), we generated a number of simulated data sets for the development of a TRF. Our simulation studies examine the degree to which GRASP can improve the inter-technique "tie" issue compared to the classical approach, and the likely modus operandi for such a mission. The success of the examined scenarios is judged by the quality of the origin and scale definition of the resulting TRF.

  15. State distributed PV policies: Can low cost (to government) policies have a market impact?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Krasko, Vitaliy A.; Doris, Elizabeth

    2013-01-01

    This analysis examines the use of state policy as a tool to support the development of distributed generation photovoltaic (PV) markets. The focus is on low-cost market opening policies instead of various forms of government subsidies aimed at reducing installation costs. The ideas tested in this work are: (1) low-cost market opening policies can be effective in facilitating PV market growth without subsidizing projects, and (2) policies can be made more effective if states and localities stage their enactment in a particular order. The policies selected for evaluation emerge from a policy stacking theory outlined in Doris (2012), NREL/CP-7A30-54801, Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. A cross-section econometric analysis that takes into account the quality of interconnection standards, net metering standards, Renewable Portfolio Standards (RPS), RPS set-asides, and a non-policy determinant (population) explains about 70% of the variation in newly installed PV capacity across states and indicates that all of the selected policies are significant. Nonparametric statistical tests confirm the regression results. Qualitative evidence is also presented indicating that effective policy ordering starts with improving interconnection standards, closely followed by improvements in net metering standards, and eventually strengthened by the enactment of an RPS and set-asides. - Highlights: • Impacts of low cost market opening policies on PV capacity are evaluated. • Impact of a strategic policy enactment sequence is evaluated. • Effective interconnection, net metering, RPS, and set-asides increase PV capacity. • Effective ordering is market preparation, then creation, then expansion policies

  16. Low and Mid-Latitude Ionospheric Irregularities Studies Using TEC and Radio Scintillation Data from the CITRIS Radio Beacon Receiver in Low-Earth-Orbit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siefring, C. L.; Bernhardt, P. A.; Huba, J.; Krall, J.; Roddy, P. A.

    2009-12-01

    Unique data on ionospheric plasma irregularities from the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) CITRIS (Scintillation and TEC Receiver in Space) instrument will be presented. CITRIS is a multi-band receiver that recorded TEC (Total Electron Content) and radio scintillations from Low-Earth Orbit (LEO) on STPSat1. The 555+/5 km altitude 35° inclination orbit covers low and mid-latitudes. The measurements require propagation from a transmitter to a receiver through the F-region plasma. CITRIS used both 1) satellite beacons in LEO, such as the NRL CERTO (Coherent Electromagnetic Radio TOmography) beacons and 2) the global network of ground-based DORIS (Doppler Orbitography and Radiopositioning Integrated by Satellite) beacons. The TEC measurements allow for tracking of ionospheric disturbances and irregularities while the measurements of scintillations can simultaneously characterize their effects. CITRIS was operated in a complementary fashion with the C/NOFS (Communication/Navigations Outages Forecasting System) satellite during most of its first year of operations. C/NOFS carries a three-frequency 150/400/1067 MHz CERTO beacon and is dedicated to the study of Spread-F. In the case of Spread-F, ionospheric irregularities start with large scale size density gradients (100s of km) and cascade through complex processes to short scale sizes (10s of meters). It is typically the 100m-1km scale features that harm communication and navigation systems through scintillations. A multi-sensor approach is needed to completely understand this complex system, such as, the combination of CITRIS remote radio sensing and C/NOFS in-situ data. Several types of irregularities have been studied including Spread-F and the newly discovered dawn-side depletions. Comparisons with the physics based SAMI3 model are being performed to help our understanding of the morphology of the irregularities.

  17. Towards Reconfigurable, Separable and Hard Real-Time Hybrid Simulation and Test Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quartier, F.; Delatte, B.; Joubert, M.

    2009-05-01

    Formation flight needs several new technologies, new disciplines, new approaches and above all, more concurrent engineering by more players. One of the problems to be addressed are more complex simulation and test systems that are easy to re-configure to include parts of the target hardware and that can provide sufficient power to handle simulation cores that are requiring one to two orders of magnitude more processing power than the current technology provides. Critical technologies that are already addressed by CNES and Spacebel are study model reuse and simulator reconfigurability (Basiles), model portability (SMP2) and the federation of several simulators using HLA. Two more critical issues are addressed in ongoing R&D work by CNES and Spacebel and are covered by this paper and concern the time engineering and management. The first issue concerns separability (characterisation, identification and handling of separable subsystems) and the consequences on practical systems. Experiments on the Pleiades operational simulator have shown that adding precise simulation of instruments such as Doris and the Star Tracker can be added without significantly impacting overall performance. Improved time analysis leads to better system understanding and testability. The second issue concerns architectures for distributed hybrid simulators systems that provide hard real-time capabilities and can react with a relative time precision and jitter that is in the 10 to 50 µsecond range using mainstream PC's and mainstream Operating Systems. This opens a way to make smaller economic hardware test systems that can be reconfigured to make large hardware test systems without restarting development. Although such systems were considered next to impossible till now, distributed hard real-time systems are getting in reach when modern but mainstream electronics are used and when processor cores can be isolated and reserved for real-time cores. This requires a complete rethinking of the

  18. The Ocean Surface Topography Sentinel-6/Jason-CS Mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giulicchi, L.; Cullen, R.; Donlon, C.; Vuilleumier@esa int, P.

    2016-12-01

    The Sentinel-6/Jason-CS mission consists of two identical satellites flying in sequence and designed to provide operational measurements of sea surface height significant wave high and wind speed to support operational oceanography and climate monitoring. The mission will be the latest in a series of ocean surface topography missions that will span nearly three decades. They follow the altimeters on- board TOPEX/Poseidon through to Jason-3 (launched in January 2016). Jason-CS will continue to fulfil objectives of the reference series whilst introducing a major enhancement in capability providing the operational and science oceanographic community with the state of the art in terms of spacecraft, measurement instrumentation design thus securing optimal operational and science data return. As a secondary objective the mission will also include Radio Occultation user services. Each satellite will be launched sequentially into the Jason orbit (up to 66 latitude) respectively in 2020 and 2025. The principle payload instrument is a high precision Ku/C band radar altimeter with retrieval of geophysical parameters (surface elevation, wind speed and SWH) from the altimeter data require supporting measurements: a DORIS receiver for Precise Orbit Determination; The Climate Quality Advanced Microwave Radiometer (AMR-C) for high stability path delay correction. Orbit tracking data are also provided by GPS & LRA. An additional GPS receiver will be dedicated to radio-occultation measurements. The programme is a part of the European Community Copernicus initiative, whose objective is to support Europe's goals regarding sustainable development and global governance of the environment by providing timely and quality data, information, services and knowledge. The Sentinel-6/Jason-CS in particular is a cooperative mission with contributions from NASA, NOAA, EUMETSAT, ESA, CNES and the European Union.

  19. Monitoring Global Geophysical Fluids by Space Geodesy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chao, Benjamin F.; Dehant, V.; Gross, R. S.; Ray, R. D.; Salstein, D. A.; Watkins, M.

    1999-01-01

    Since its establishment on 1/1/1998 by the International Earth Rotation Service, the Coordinating Center for Monitoring Global Geophysical Fluids (MGGF) and its seven Special Bureaus have engaged in an effort to support and facilitate the understanding of the geophysical fluids in global geodynamics research. Mass transports in the atmosphere-hydrosphere-solid Earth-core system (the "global geophysical fluids") will cause the following geodynamic effects on a broad time scale: (1) variations in the solid Earth's rotation (in length-of-day and polar motion/nutation) via the conservation of angular momentum and effected by torques at the fluid-solid Earth interface; (2) changes in the global gravitational field according to Newton's gravitational law; and (3) motion in the center of mass of the solid Earth relative to that of the whole Earth ("geocenter") via the conservation of linear momentum. These minute signals have become observable by space geodetic techniques, primarily VLBI, SLR, GPS, and DORIS, with ever increasing precision/accuracy and temporal/spatial resolution. Each of the seven Special Bureaus within MGGF is responsible for calculations related to a specific Earth component or aspect -- Atmosphere, Ocean, Hydrology, Ocean Tides, Mantle, Core, and Gravity/Geocenter. Angular momenta and torques, gravitational coefficients, and geocenter shift will be computed for geophysical fluids based on global observational data, and from state-of-the-art models, some of which assimilate such data. The computed quantities, algorithm and data formats are standardized. The results are archived and made available to the scientific research community. This paper reports the status of the MGGF activities and current results.

  20. Establishing a Modern Ground Network for Space Geodesy Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pearlman, M.; Pavlis, E.; Altamimi, Z.; Noll, C.

    2010-01-01

    Ground-based networks of co-located space-geodesy techniques (VLBI, SLR, GLASS, DORIS) are the basis for the development and maintenance of the :International Terrestrial deference Frame (ITRE), which is the basis for our metric measurements of global change. The Global Geodetic Observing System (GGOS) within the International Association of Geodesy has established a task to develop a strategy to design, integrate and maintain the fundamental geodetic network and supporting infrastructure in a sustainable way to satisfy the long-term requirements for the reference frame. The GGOS goal is an origin definition at I mm or better and a temporal stability on the order of 0.1 mm/y, with similar numbers for the scale and orientation components. These goals are based on scientific requirements to address sea level rise with confidence. As a first step, simulations focused on establishing the optimal global SLR and VLBI network, since these two techniques alone are sufficient to define the reference frame. The GLASS constellations will then distribute the reference frame to users anywhere on the Earth. Using simulated data to be collected by the future networks, we investigated various designs and the resulting accuracy in the origin, scale and orientation of the resulting ITRF. We present here the results of extensive simulation studies aimed at designing optimal global geodetic networks to support GGOS science products. Current estimates are the network will require 24 - 32 globally distributed co-location sites. Stations in the near global network will require geologically stable sites witla good weather, established infrastructure, and local support and personnel. EGOS will seek groups that are interested in participation. GGOS intends to issues a Call for Participation of groups that would like to take part in the network implementation and operation_ Some examples of integrated stations currently in operation or under development will be presented. We will examine

  1. Women’s Costume of German Origin in the Funeral Context of Early Byzantine Cities of the Northern Black Sea (5th–6th Centuries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna V. Mastykova

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available This work is devoted to burials containing elements of a female costume of East German origin, discovered in the urban necropolises of Chersonesus and Cimmerian Bosporus in the 5th–6th centuries. Burials with German objects are most often in the same collective tombs and in the same necropolises as the burial of the urban Hellenized population. The appearance and resettlement of the eastern Germans in the cities of the Northern Black Sea Coast is attested by written sources only for the Cimmerian Bosporus. About 400 Goths could even occupy a dominant position here. This explains their integration into the Bosporus ruling elite, as evidenced by the existence of rich graves with German implements in the tombs of the local nobility. Later, Cimmerian Bosporus is under the rule of the Huns, and in 534 the military expedition sent by Justinian returns the region to the power of the Empire. Written sources directly indicate the presence of Gothic federates from Minor Scythia as part of the Justinian assault. Therefore, the researchers explain the appearance of a new series of East German things in the Northern Black Sea region by the arrival here of the German soldiers with their families. On the other hand, the violent deportation of barbarians to the Crimea is also possible – a practice well known in the Justinian era. This is how you can explain the appearance here of Italo-Ostrogothic and Gepidic things. In Chersonese German things could fall and as a result of various contacts with the Goths from the country of Dori, in the South-Western Crimea. However, despite the various historical destinies and different statutes of the Germans, in the north-Pontic cities they sooner or later come to be absorbed by the local environment, which reflects the finds of the items of female clothing in urban necropolises.

  2. Mentorship and coaching to support strengthening healthcare systems: lessons learned across the five Population Health Implementation and Training partnership projects in sub-Saharan Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manzi, Anatole; Hirschhorn, Lisa R; Sherr, Kenneth; Chirwa, Cindy; Baynes, Colin; Awoonor-Williams, John Koku

    2017-12-21

    Despite global efforts to increase health workforce capacity through training and guidelines, challenges remain in bridging the gap between knowledge and quality clinical practice and addressing health system deficiencies preventing health workers from providing high quality care. In many developing countries, supervision activities focus on data collection, auditing and report completion rather than catalyzing learning and supporting system quality improvement. To address this gap, mentorship and coaching interventions were implemented in projects in five African countries (Ghana, Mozambique, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Zambia) as components of health systems strengthening (HSS) strategies funded through the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation's African Health Initiative. We report on lessons learned from a cross-country evaluation. The evaluation was designed based on a conceptual model derived from the project-specific interventions. Semi-structured interviews were administered to key informants to capture data in six categories: 1) mentorship and coaching goals, 2) selection and training of mentors and coaches, 3) integration with the existing systems, 4) monitoring and evaluation, 5) reported outcomes, and 6) challenges and successes. A review of project-published articles and technical reports from the individual projects supplemented interview information. Although there was heterogeneity in the approaches to mentorship and coaching and targeted areas of the country projects, all led to improvements in core health system areas, including quality of clinical care, data-driven decision making, leadership and accountability, and staff satisfaction. Adaptation of approaches to reflect local context encouraged their adoption and improved their effectiveness and sustainability. We found that incorporating mentorship and coaching activities into HSS strategies was associated with improvements in quality of care and health systems, and mentorship and coaching represents an

  3. An early-biomarker algorithm predicts lethal graft-versus-host disease and survival.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartwell, Matthew J; Özbek, Umut; Holler, Ernst; Renteria, Anne S; Major-Monfried, Hannah; Reddy, Pavan; Aziz, Mina; Hogan, William J; Ayuk, Francis; Efebera, Yvonne A; Hexner, Elizabeth O; Bunworasate, Udomsak; Qayed, Muna; Ordemann, Rainer; Wölfl, Matthias; Mielke, Stephan; Pawarode, Attaphol; Chen, Yi-Bin; Devine, Steven; Harris, Andrew C; Jagasia, Madan; Kitko, Carrie L; Litzow, Mark R; Kröger, Nicolaus; Locatelli, Franco; Morales, George; Nakamura, Ryotaro; Reshef, Ran; Rösler, Wolf; Weber, Daniela; Wudhikarn, Kitsada; Yanik, Gregory A; Levine, John E; Ferrara, James L M

    2017-02-09

    BACKGROUND. No laboratory test can predict the risk of nonrelapse mortality (NRM) or severe graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after hematopoietic cellular transplantation (HCT) prior to the onset of GVHD symptoms. METHODS. Patient blood samples on day 7 after HCT were obtained from a multicenter set of 1,287 patients, and 620 samples were assigned to a training set. We measured the concentrations of 4 GVHD biomarkers (ST2, REG3α, TNFR1, and IL-2Rα) and used them to model 6-month NRM using rigorous cross-validation strategies to identify the best algorithm that defined 2 distinct risk groups. We then applied the final algorithm in an independent test set ( n = 309) and validation set ( n = 358). RESULTS. A 2-biomarker model using ST2 and REG3α concentrations identified patients with a cumulative incidence of 6-month NRM of 28% in the high-risk group and 7% in the low-risk group ( P < 0.001). The algorithm performed equally well in the test set (33% vs. 7%, P < 0.001) and the multicenter validation set (26% vs. 10%, P < 0.001). Sixteen percent, 17%, and 20% of patients were at high risk in the training, test, and validation sets, respectively. GVHD-related mortality was greater in high-risk patients (18% vs. 4%, P < 0.001), as was severe gastrointestinal GVHD (17% vs. 8%, P < 0.001). The same algorithm can be successfully adapted to define 3 distinct risk groups at GVHD onset. CONCLUSION. A biomarker algorithm based on a blood sample taken 7 days after HCT can consistently identify a group of patients at high risk for lethal GVHD and NRM. FUNDING. The National Cancer Institute, American Cancer Society, and the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation.

  4. Counseling patients on facial volume replacement and adherence with posttreatment instructions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doris Day

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Doris DayDay Dermatology and Aesthetics New York, USAAbstract: Use of injectable volume replacement products has increased dramatically in the US in recent years. An optimal outcome with volume replacement depends on a thorough ­knowledge of the products on the part of the dermatologic/aesthetic physician specialist, identification of patients with a likelihood of benefiting from volume replacement procedures, selection of an appropriate product for the individual patient, and effective patient counseling to ensure adherence to posttreatment care instructions. Adherence to physician instructions in the field of dermatology appears limited, and there is very little published information on adherence to physician instructions following facial volume replacement procedures. The purpose of this review is to provide strategies for understanding and overcoming the barriers to adherence with the widely used dermal fillers. Strategies include using patient-centered techniques, such as a motivational interview encouraging the patient to follow postprocedure care instructions, eg, massage. In this case, demonstrating massage techniques while the patient is still in the office, with patient participation and detailed feedback, also contributes to good adherence with posttreatment care instructions. Telephone counseling, reminder postcards, and text messages may help improve clinic attendance for follow-up. Motivated patients who demonstrate good ­adherence to physician instructions generally respond well to volume replacement treatments, and usually experience fewer adverse events than patients who do not follow instructions. Although promoting adherence to pretreatment and posttreatment protocols remains a challenge, patient counseling throughout the treatment process can lead to successful results.Keywords: improving adherence, injectable volume replacement, product selection, ­rejuvenation procedure, soft tissue augmentation

  5. A study of B0- anti B0 mixing using the ARGUS Detector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tzamariudaki, E.

    1995-02-01

    Using the ARGUS detector at the e + e - storage ring DORIS II at DESY, a study of the decay anti B 0 →D *+ l - anti νhas been performed by exploiting a partial D *+ reconstruction technique. The branching ratio was determined to be (4.4±0.3±0.3)% for this mode, and for the higher excited D * (J) states Br( anti B 0 →D (J) *+ l - anti ν)=(2.5±0.6±0.5)%. Furthermore, the inclusive D *+ branching ratio in B decays was measured by fully reconstructing D *+ candidates. Using a tagged subset of this sample of B 0 meson decays in the mode anti B 0 →D *+ l - anti ν, B d 0 anti B d 0 oscillations have been studied. For this purpose two tagging techniques have been applied: the standard method of using fast leptons, and a new technique which makes use of kaons to tag the b flavour content. Combining the values obtained by these two methods, the B 0 anti B 0 mixing parameter χ d , used to denote the strength of the oscillations, was determined to be χ d =0.165±0.057. In addition, using fully reconstructed D *+ candidates, a third study of the B 0 anti B 0 mixing parameter was carried out by investigating D *+ K ± correlations. The mixing measurements obtained using kaons to tag the B meson flavour employ this technique for the first time. Future CP violation measurements at B Factories will place critical reliance on this method. Finally, using the extracted value for the mixing parameter χ d , the CKM matrix element V td was determined and the B s 0 anti B s 0 mixing parameter χ s was obtained. (orig.)

  6. Measurement of radiative decay of the resonances J/phi and phi' in tensor mesons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fues, W.

    1981-01-01

    At decays of the vector mesons J/psi(3100) and psi'(3685) into the final states γπ + π - and γK + K - radiative decays into the isoscalar tensor mesons f(1270) and f'(15) were looked for: J/psi → γf → γπ + π - , J/psi → γ f' → γK + K - , psi' → γf → γπ + π - , psi' → γf' → γK + K - . The measurements were performed using the double arm spectrometer DASP at the e + e - storage ring DORIS at DESY in Hamburg. The decay J/psi → γg could be observed, the measured branching ratio is GAMMA (J/psi → γf)/γ(J/psi → all) = (1.18 +- 0.28) x 10 -3 . For the other decays upper limits for the branching ratios are derived. The results are consistent with a description in the framework of quantum chromodynamics, where these radiative decays result by annihilation at the charmed quark and its antiquark into two gluons and a real photon, and the gluon system goes over into a tensor meson. In the studied mass spectra at the meson pairs from the radiative decays of J/psi and psi' no indication for a gluon bound state could be found. For the process psi' → γ 'etasub(c)(2980)' → γπ + π - or γK + K - an upper limit for the branching ratio is indicated. (HSI)

  7. Application of the Dose Limitation System to the Mining and Milling of Radioactive Ores

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1987-01-01

    This publication is one of the Safety Guides to the Code of Practice on Radiation Protection of Workers in the Mining and Milling of Radioactive Ores, 1983 Edition, which was published as a joint IAEA/ILO/WHO publication (IAEA Safety Series No.26). This Safety Guide is intended to demonstrate as well as facilitate the application of the principles of optimization in the control of risk among the workers engaged in the mining and milling of radioactive ores and to give some guidance on suitable technology. The International Atomic Energy Agency, jointly with the World Health Organization, the International Labour Organisation and the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency, published the Basic Safety Standards for Radiation Protection, 1982 Edition (IAEA Safety Series No. 9). The Basic Safety Standards outline the principles of radiation protection and also the basic requirements to be followed in the implementation of radiation protection control. These principles are further developed in the case of mining and milling of radioactive ores in the joint IAEA/ILO/WHO Code of Practice on Radiation Protection of Workers in the Mining and Milling of Radioactive Ores (IAEA Safety Series No. 26). This Safety Guide on the Application of the Dose Limitation System to the Mining and Milling of Radioactive Ores was prepared by an Advisory Group which met for the first time in Portoroz, Yugoslavia, from 22 to 26 August 1983, and then again from 6 to 10 August 1984, in Vienna. Following the second Advisory Group meeting the draft was further reviewed by A. Dory from Canada who also was a participant of the two Advisory Group meetings held earlier. After the consultant's review the draft was circulated among the members of the Advisory Group for a further check. The final version of the draft was prepared by the Secretariat with the help of a consultant

  8. Double Effect and Black Revenge in Lessing’s The Grass Is Singing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedram Lalbakhsh

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available A white woman’s murder by a black man, as depicted in Doris Lessing’s The Grass IS Singing, incorporates the revengeful act of an abandonment-neurotic black servant against a white female master with tactile delirium in the course of a paradoxical relationship of love and hate. The final homicide and the consequent act of surrender by Moses, the murderer, convey his paradoxical attitude toward his white master-beloved. This attitude begins with hatred, intensifies with mutual affection, and ends in murder. Focusing on the interracial revenge that takes place in the novel under study, the authors of this paper argue that Moses’ motivation in killing Mary originates from the ambivalence of his state of living under colonization and his learnings in Christianity, struggling with the Double-Effect Reasoning inaugurated by and in defense of black honor or negritude. As such, Moses’ sense of guilt and his subsequent surrender are the consequences of traditional and colonial internalization of sin, already present in him as a native of his revenge or honor-based society, influenced by Lobengula’s rule in which the criminal submits to punishment willingly, as well as missionary teachings. Through an interdisciplinary link between the Double-Effect Reasoning and the psychoanalytical perspective to the black problem promoted by Frantz Fanon, The Grass Is Singing thus seems to exempt Moses in his crime against the white race, represented by Mary, as well as to justify Moses self-surrender in defense of negritude and black honor.

  9. Precision orbit determination performance for CryoSat-2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schrama, Ernst

    2018-01-01

    In this paper we discuss our efforts to perform precision orbit determination (POD) of CryoSat-2 which depends on Doppler and satellite laser ranging tracking data. A dynamic orbit model is set-up and the residuals between the model and the tracking data is evaluated. The average r.m.s. of the 10 s averaged Doppler tracking pass residuals is approximately 0.39 mm/s; and the average of the laser tracking pass residuals becomes 1.42 cm. There are a number of other tests to verify the quality of the orbit solution, we compare our computed orbits against three independent external trajectories provided by the CNES. The CNES products are part of the CryoSat-2 products distributed by ESA. The radial differences of our solution relative to the CNES precision orbits shows an average r.m.s. of 1.25 cm between Jun-2010 and Apr-2017. The SIRAL altimeter crossover difference statistics demonstrate that the quality of our orbit solution is comparable to that of the POE solution computed by the CNES. In this paper we will discuss three important changes in our POD activities that have brought the orbit performance to this level. The improvements concern the way we implement temporal gravity accelerations observed by GRACE; the implementation of ITRF2014 coordinates and velocities for the DORIS beacons and the SLR tracking sites. We also discuss an adjustment of the SLR retroreflector position within the satellite reference frame. An unexpected result is that we find a systematic difference between the median of the 10 s Doppler tracking residuals which displays a statistically significant pattern in the South Atlantic Anomaly (SSA) area where the median of the velocity residuals varies in the range of -0.15 to +0.15 mm/s.

  10. DESY: Gus Voss retires

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1995-01-01

    As mentioned briefly in the previous issue (page 28), last year Gus Voss reached the age of 65 and therefore was released from official duties at DESY from the beginning of this year. However, as a senior scientist, he keeps an office at DESY and will continue his work in all the international committees of which he is a member, as well as giving colleagues and friends around the world the benefit of his advice - ''if requested'', as he likes to phrase it. Gus Voss was leader of DESY's Accelerator Division and as such a Laboratory Director for exactly 22 years. He contributed to planning the first electron synchrotron at DESY back in 1958-9. Then he went to CEA (Cambridge, Massachusetts), where he directed with Ken Robinson the famous bypass electron-positron collider project. He is also well known for his important contributions to accelerator technology, like low beta insertion for storage rings, which he made (again with Ken Robinson) in 1966. In January 1973 he returned to DESY, called by Wolfgang Paul, then chairman of the Board of Directors. He arrived in time to commission and inaugurate the DORIS electronpositron storage ring in 1974 and then directed the design and construction of the bigger PETRA ring, which began operation in 1978. Together with Bjorn Wiik he directed construction of the HERA electronproton collider, in operation since 1992. During the last few years he took strong interest in linear colliders, together with Norbert Holtkamp building a 400 MeV test section to develop new linear collider technology. Voss' position at DESY is taken over by Dieter Trines (52) who contributed to the construction and commissioning of PETRA from 1975. Dieter Trines spent two years in the TASSO Group at PETRA and in 1983 joined the HERA effort as head of the Proton Ring Vacuum Group

  11. On the Assessment of Global Terrestrial Reference Frame Temporal Variations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ampatzidis, Dimitrios; Koenig, Rolf; Zhu, Shengyuan

    2015-04-01

    Global Terrestrial Reference Frames (GTRFs) as the International Terrestrial Reference Frame (ITRF) provide reliable 4-D position information (3-D coordinates and their evolution through time). The given 3-D velocities play a significant role in precise position acquisition and are estimated from long term coordinate time series from the space-geodetic techniques DORIS, GNSS, SLR, and VLBI. GTRFs temporal evolution is directly connected with their internal stability: The more intense and inhomogeneous velocity field, the less stable TRF is derived. The assessment of the quality of the GTRF is mainly realized by comparing it to each individual technique's reference frame. E.g the comparison of GTRFs to SLR-only based TRF gives the sense of the ITRF stability with respect to the Geocenter and scale and their associated rates respectively. In addition, the comparison of ITRF to the VLBI-only based TRF can be used for the scale validation. However, till now there is not any specified methodology for the total assessment (in terms of origin, orientation and scale respectively) of the temporal evolution and GTRFs associated accuracy. We present a new alternative diagnostic tool for the assessment of GTRFs temporal evolution based on the well-known time-dependent Helmert type transformation formula (three shifts, three rotations and scale rates respectively). The advantage of the new methodology relies on the fact that it uses the full velocity field of the TRF and therefore all points not just the ones common to different techniques. It also examines simultaneously rates of origin, orientation and scale. The methodology is presented and implemented to the two existing GTRFs on the market (ITRF and DTRF which is computed from DGFI) , the results are discussed. The results also allow to compare directly each GTRF dynamic behavior. Furthermore, the correlations of the estimated parameters can also provide useful information to the proposed GTRFs assessment scheme.

  12. Microscope-controlled glass bead blasting: a new technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Kotschy

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Peter Kotschy1, Sascha Virnik2, Doris Christ3, Alexander Gaggl21Private Practice, Vienna, Austria; 2Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Central Hospital, Klagenfurt, Austria; 3Klagenfurt, AustriaObjective: The aim of periodontal therapy is the healing of periodontal inflammation; the protection of the attachment and the alveolar bone; and the regeneration of the periodontal structures. In the therapy of periodontitis, supra- and subgingival scaling and root planing plays a main role. The procedure described combines perfect root cleaning without scaling and root planing and minimal invasive periodontal surgery without a scalpel.Material and methods: Glass beads of 90 µm were used with the kinetic preparation unit PrepStart® under a pressure of 0.5–5 bar. This technique was practised only under visual control using the OPMI® PRO Magis microscope. Seven examinations were carried out at baseline after 3, 6, 12, 18, 24, and 36 months.Results: Time shows a statistically significant influence on all of the considered target variables (P < 0.0001 for all. As the according estimate is negative, probing depth decreases over time. The major decrease seems to be during the first 6 months. Considering probing depth, plaque on the main effect root shows significant influence (again, P < 0.0001 for all. Observations with high probing depth at the beginning were faster than those with low probing depth. The same characteristic appears by attachment level. Patients with more loss of attachment show more gain.Conclusions: Using microscope-controlled glass bead blasting results in a perfectly clean root surface using visual control (magnification 20×. Microscope-controlled glass bead blasting is therefore a good alternative to periodontal surgery.Keywords: periodontal therapy, microscope, periodontitis

  13. Selección de abonos verdes para los suelos de Turmequé (Boyacá

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viteri Silvio

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available

    El objetivo de este estudio fue identificar asociaciones de abonos verdes con el mejor potencial como fuente de materia orgánica para los suelos del municipio de Turmequé (Boyacá. Los experimentos se desarrollaron en tres fincas, ubicadas a 2.300, 2.650 y 2.860 msnm. De cada finca se tomó una muestra representativa de suelo, que se envió al laboratorio para análisis de fertilidad. Los tratamientos incluyeron 10 asociaciones triples y 3 cuádruples. Las asociaciones se conformaron con la leguminosa vicia atropurpúrea (Vicia sativa L. en combinación con avena caldas (Avena sativa L., girasol (híbrido Hi Doris (Helianthus annus L., higuerilla (Ricinus communis L., nabo forrajero (Raphanus sativus L. o quinua (Chenopodium quinua. El porcentaje de semilla leguminosa respecto a las otras especies en las asociaciones triples fue 40:30:30 y en las cuádruples 40:20:20:20. El porcentaje de semilla de cada especie se calculó con base en la cantidad recomendada para siembra en monocultivo. Se utilizó el diseño de bloques completos al azar, con 13 tratamientos y 3 repeticiones. Las variables determinadas fueron producción de materia verde por especie, por asociación y por las plantas arvenses y materia seca por asociación. Además, se observó la tolerancia de las especies al ataque de plagas y enfermedades. Los resultados indicaron que entre las especies estudiadas las más promisorias son el nabo forrajero, la avena y la vicia, conformando la asociación vicia × avena × nabo forrajero.

  14. Vitamin D₃ and 25-Hydroxyvitamin D₃ Content of Retail White Fish and Eggs in Australia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunlop, Eleanor; Cunningham, Judy; Sherriff, Jill L; Lucas, Robyn M; Greenfield, Heather; Arcot, Jayashree; Strobel, Norbert; Black, Lucinda J

    2017-06-22

    Dietary vitamin D may compensate for inadequate sun exposure; however, there have been few investigations into the vitamin D content of Australian foods. We measured vitamin D₃ and 25-hydroxyvitamin D₃ (25(OH)D₃) in four species of white fish (barramundi, basa, hoki and king dory), and chicken eggs (cage and free-range), purchased from five Australian cities. Samples included local, imported and wild-caught fish, and eggs of varying size from producers with a range of hen stocking densities. Raw and cooked samples were analysed using high performance liquid chromatography with photodiode array. Limits of reporting were 0.2 and 0.1 μg/100 g for vitamin D₃ and 25(OH)D₃, respectively. The vitamin D₃ content of cooked white fish ranged from eggs ranged from 0.4 to 0.8 μg/100 g, and the 25(OH)D₃ content ranged from 0.4 to 1.2 μg/100 g. The vitamin D₃ content of cooked free-range eggs ranged from 0.3 to 2.2 μg/100 g, and the 25(OH)D₃ content ranged from 0.5 to 0.8 μg/100 g. If, as has been suggested, 25(OH)D₃ has five times greater bioactivity than vitamin D₃, one cooked serve (100 g) of white fish, and one cooked serve of cage or free-range eggs (120 g) may provide 50% or 100%, respectively, of the current guidelines for the adequate intake of vitamin D (5 µg) for Australians aged 1-50 years.

  15. The phylogenetic intrarelationships of spiny-rayed fishes (Acanthomorpha, Teleostei, Actinopterygii: fossil taxa increase the congruence of morphology with molecular data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donald Davesne

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Acanthomorpha (spiny-rayed fishes is a clade of teleosts that includes more than 15 000 extant species. Their deep phylogenetic intrarelationships, first reconstructed using morphological characters, have been extensively revised with molecular data. Moreover, the deep branches of the acanthomorph tree are still largely unresolved, with strong disagreement between studies. Here, we review the historical propositions for acanthomorph deep intrarelationships and attempt to resolve their earliest branching patterns using a new morphological data matrix compiling and revising characters from previous studies. The taxon sampling we use constitutes a first attempt to test all previous hypotheses (molecular and morphological alike with morphological data only. Our sampling also includes Late Cretaceous fossil taxa, which yield new character state combinations that are absent in extant taxa. Analysis of the complete morphological data matrix yields a new topology that shows remarkable congruence with the well-supported molecular results. Lampridiformes (oarfishes and allies are the sister to all other acanthomorphs. Gadiformes (cods and allies and Zeiformes (dories form a clade with Percopsiformes (trout-perches and the enigmatic Polymixia (beardfish and Stylephorus (tube-eye. Ophidiiformes (cusk-eels and allies and Batrachoidiformes (toadfishes are nested within Percomorpha, the clade that includes most of modern acanthomorph diversity. These results provide morphological synapomorphies and independent corroboration of clades previously only recovered from molecular data, thereby suggesting the emergence of a congruent picture of acanthomorph deep intrarelationships. Fossil taxa play a critical role in achieving this congruence, since a very different topology is found when they are excluded from the analysis.

  16. A search for narrow states in radiative upsilon decays

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lowe, S.T.

    1986-12-01

    A search for new states produced in radiative Υ(1S) decays is accomplished by observing the inclusive photon energy spectrum. A narrow resonance in the energy spectrum indicates the existence of a new state X produced by the process Υ → γX. The analysis is based on approximately 0.44 x 10 6 Υ(1S) events produced at the DORIS II e + e - storage ring. These data were collected with the Crystal Ball detector between April 1983 and May 1986. This analysis finds no evidence for a new state, so upper limits on the branching ratio BR(Υ → γX) are derived, assuming the state X decays primarily to high-multiplicity hadronic final states. In particular, if the state X were a minimal Higgs particle, its primary decay mode would be to the heaviest fermion-antifermion pair energetically available. For the radiative Υ(1S) decays studied here, the heavy fermions would be c anti c or s anti s quark states, over most of the relevant Higgs' mass range. The resulting upper limit for BR(Υ(1S) → γX) is highly energy dependent but for X mass between 1.5 GeV and 8.0 GeV, the 90% confidence level upper limit is better than 8.0 x 10 -4 . For a Higgs' mass near 5.0 GeV, the upper limit is about 2.0 x 10 -4 which is approximately equal to the lowest order calculation for the Wilczek mechanism. The Wilczek calculation with QCD radiative corrections predict branching ratios below the limits set here for all Higgs' masses

  17. From Losing to Loss: Exploring the Expressive Capacities of Videogames Beyond Death as Failure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabine Harrer

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In games, loss is as ubiquitous as it is trivial. One reason for this has been found in the established convention of on-screen character death as a signifier for failure (Klastrup 2006; Grant 2011; Johnson 2011. If that’s all that games have to offer in terms of addressing an existential trope of human experience, the worried protectionist concludes, shouldn’t we dismiss this intrinsically flat medium as inferior to more established media forms such as film or literature? (Ebert 2010. Contrary to this view, this paper discusses gameplay examples that shed light on how this medium might leverage its expressive resources to arrive at rich representations of loss. First, the notion of loss implied in Sigmund Freud’s work “Mourning and Melancholia” (1917 will be discussed in relation to losing in games. Looking at procedurality, fictional alignment and experiential metaphor as three expressive gameplay devices identified by Doris Rusch (2009 will help explain the expressive shortcoming of losing and lay out what is at stake with profound gameplay expression. Moreover, it will serve as the keywords structuring the following analysis of three videogames, Final Fantasy VII (1997, Ico (2001 and Passage (2007, and their design decisions fostering deep representations of loss. Keeping the Freudian notion of loss in mind, we can trace its repercussions on the three expressive dimensions respectively. Following a separate analysis of each gameplay example, the last section will discuss some commonalities and differences and arrive at the identification of desired object, permanent disruption and linearity as design aspects modeling loss in more compelling ways than losing.

  18. Analysis of ILRS Site Ties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Husson, V. S.; Long, J. L.; Pearlman, M.

    2001-12-01

    By the end of 2000, 94% of ILRS stations had completed station and site information forms (i.e. site logs). These forms contain six types of information. These six categories include site identifiers, contact information, approximate coordinates, system configuration history, system ranging capabilities, and local survey ties. The ILRS Central Bureau, in conjunction with the ILRS Networks and Engineering Working Group, has developed procedures to quality control site log contents. Part of this verification entails data integrity checks of local site ties and is the primary focus of this paper. Local survey ties are critical to the combination of space geodetic network coordinate solutions (i.e. GPS, SLR, VLBI, DORIS) of the International Terrestrial Reference Frame (ITRF). Approximately 90% of active SLR sites are collocated with at least one other space geodetic technique. The process used to verify these SLR ties, at collocated sites, is identical to the approach used in ITRF2000. Local vectors (X, Y, Z) from each ILRS site log are differenced from its corresponding ITRF2000 position vectors (i.e. no transformations). These X, Y, and Z deltas are converted into North, East, and Up. Any deltas, in any component, larger than 5 millimeter is flagged for investigation. In the absence of ITRF2000 SLR positions, CSR positions were used. To further enhance this comparison and to fill gaps in information, local ties contained in site logs from the other space geodetic services (i.e. IGS, IVS, IDS) were used in addition to ITRF2000 ties. Case studies of two collocated sites (McDonald/Ft. Davis and Hartebeeshtoek) will be explored in-depth. Recommendations on how local site surveys should be conducted and how this information should be managed will also be presented.

  19. On Tate Modern’s Turbine Hall and 'The Unilever Series'

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wouter Davidts

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Since the opening Tate Modern in 2000, the vast space of the Turbine Hall has hosted The Unilever Series. Widely acclaimed artists Louise Bourgeois, Juan Munõz, Anish Kapoor, Olafur Eliasson, Bruce Nauman, Rachel Whiteread, Carsten Höller and most lately Doris Salcedo accepted the invitation to ‘tackle’ what is arguably the biggest museum space in the world and realized what is invariably held to be their ‘biggest work ever.’The Unilever Series is not the only large-scale installation series. In recent years, we witnessed the worldwide launch of ever-larger art commissions for increasingly vaster spaces, resulting in all the more colossal artworks. Only recently, Paris announced its own yearly art commission for the central nave of the Grand Palais, suitably entitled Monumenta. The essay examines The Unilever Series in Tate Modern’s Turbine Hall, and discuss it within the global leap in scale and massive expansion of the art and museum world, of which the London institution and its vestibule in particular are the most blatant exponents. While it is certainly true that the spectacular expansion of art installations has occurred in tandem with a profusion of large international exhibitions and ‘destination’ museum of inordinately vast proportions, the assumption that large exhibition spaces demand an art of size is too simplistic. By examining the institutional, spatial and material disposition of the Turbine Hall, I will demonstrate that it is far more than a plain and abstract emblem of the global inflation and growth of museum and exhibition spaces. It’s a distinct architectural exponent of this tendency that essentially in and of itself has informed the inflation of the artworks that have been commissioned for it.

  20. Absolute Sea Level Monitoring and Altimeter Calibration At Gavdos, Crete, Greece

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pavlis, E. C.; Gavdos Team

    We present the mean sea level (MSL) monitoring aspect of the altimeter calibration fa- cility under deployment on western Crete and the isle of Gavdos. The Eastern Mediter- ranean area is one of great interest for its intense tectonic activity as well as for its regional oceanography. Recent observations have convincingly demonstrated the im- portance of that area for the regional meteorological and climatological changes. Tide- gauge monitoring with GPS has gained importance lately since tectonics contaminate the inferred sea level variations, and a global network of tide-gauges with long his- torical records can be used as satellite altimeter calibration sites for current and fu- ture missions (e.g. TOPEX/POSEIDON, GFO, JASON-1, ENVISAT, etc.). This is at present a common IOC-GLOSS-IGS effort, already underway (TIGA). Crete hosts two of the oldest tide-gauges in the regional network and our project will further ex- pand it to the south of the island with a new site on the isle of Gavdos, the southernmost European parcel of land. One component of our "GAVDOS" project is the repeated occupation of two already in existence tide-gauge sites at Souda Bay and Heraklion, and their tie to the new facility. We show here initial results from positioning of these sites and some of the available tidal records. Gavdos is situated under a ground-track crossing point of the present T/P and JASON-1 orbits. It is an ideal calibration site if the tectonic motions are monitored precisely and continuously. Our plans include the deployment of additional instrumentation at this site: GPS and DORIS beacons for positioning, transponders for direct calibration, water vapor radiometers, GPS-loaded buoys, airborne surveys with gravimeters and laser profiling lidars, etc., to ensure the best possible and most reliable results.

  1. Comparison of 37 months global net radiation flux derived from PICARD-BOS over the same period observations of CERES and ARGO

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Ping; Wild, Martin

    2016-04-01

    The absolute level of the global net radiation flux (NRF) is fixed at the level of [0.5-1.0] Wm-2 based on the ocean heat content measurements [1]. The space derived global NRF is at the same order of magnitude than the ocean [2]. Considering the atmosphere has a negligible effects on the global NRF determination, the surface global NRF is consistent with the values determined from space [3]. Instead of studying the absolute level of the global NRF, we focus on the interannual variation of global net radiation flux, which were derived from the PICARD-BOS experiment and its comparison with values over the same period but obtained from the NASA-CERES system and inferred from the ocean heat content survey by ARGO network. [1] Allan, Richard P., Chunlei Liu, Norman G. Loeb, Matthew D. Palmer, Malcolm Roberts, Doug Smith, and Pier-Luigi Vidale (2014), Changes in global net radiative imbalance 1985-2012, Geophysical Research Letters, 41 (no.15), 5588-5597. [2] Loeb, Norman G., John M. Lyman, Gregory C. Johnson, Richard P. Allan, David R. Doelling, Takmeng Wong, Brian J. Soden, and Graeme L. Stephens (2012), Observed changes in top-of-the-atmosphere radiation and upper-ocean heating consistent within uncertainty, Nature Geoscience, 5 (no.2), 110-113. [3] Wild, Martin, Doris Folini, Maria Z. Hakuba, Christoph Schar, Sonia I. Seneviratne, Seiji Kato, David Rutan, Christof Ammann, Eric F. Wood, and Gert Konig-Langlo (2015), the energy balance over land and oceans: an assessment based on direct observations and CMIP5 climate models, Climate Dynamics, 44 (no.11-12), 3393-3429.

  2. Argon laser peripheral iridoplasty versus systemic intraocular pressure-lowering medications as immediate management for acute phacomorphic angle closure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lee JW

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Jacky WY Lee,1 Jimmy SM Lai,1 Doris WF Yick,2 Can YF Yuen21Department of Ophthalmology, University of Hong Kong, 2Department of Ophthalmology, The Caritas Medical Centre, Kowloon West Cluster, Hong Kong, People’s Republic of ChinaBackground: The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of argon laser peripheral iridoplasty (ALPI and systemic intraocular pressure (IOP-lowering medications in the immediate management of acute phacomorphic angle closure.Methods: Consecutive cases of acute phacomorphic angle closure were randomized to receive ALPI and an intravenous or oral carbonic anhydrase inhibitor as initial treatment. Intravenous mannitol was administered for presenting IOP > 60 mmHg or IOP > 40 mmHg 2 hours posttreatment in both arms.Results: Of 10 consecutive cases, six received medical therapy and four received ALPI. Fifty percent in the medical group and none in the ALPI group required intravenous mannitol. The ALPI group took less time to achieve IOP < 25 mmHg (18.8 ± 7.5 minutes versus 115.0 ± 97.0 minutes, P = 0.001, F test; had a greater IOP reduction within 30 minutes (69.8% ± 7.7% versus 40.9 ± 23.9%, P = 0.03, t-test; and had a consistently smaller post-attack cup to disc ratio (0.50 ± 0.02 versus 0.60 ± 0.20, P = 0.002, F test.Conclusion: ALPI offers greater safety, consistency, and efficacy than systemic IOP-lowering medications as initial treatment for phacomorphic angle closure.Keywords: phacomorphic, glaucoma, argon laser peripheral iridoplasty, medical, intraocular pressure

  3. Approaches to ensuring and improving quality in the context of health system strengthening: a cross-site analysis of the five African Health Initiative Partnership programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirschhorn, Lisa R; Baynes, Colin; Sherr, Kenneth; Chintu, Namwinga; Awoonor-Williams, John Koku; Finnegan, Karen; Philips, James F; Anatole, Manzi; Bawah, Ayaga A; Basinga, Paulin

    2013-01-01

    Integrated into the work in health systems strengthening (HSS) is a growing focus on the importance of ensuring quality of the services delivered and systems which support them. Understanding how to define and measure quality in the different key World Health Organization building blocks is critical to providing the information needed to address gaps and identify models for replication. We describe the approaches to defining and improving quality across the five country programs funded through the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation African Health Initiative. While each program has independently developed and implemented country-specific approaches to strengthening health systems, they all included quality of services and systems as a core principle. We describe the differences and similarities across the programs in defining and improving quality as an embedded process essential for HSS to achieve the goal of improved population health. The programs measured quality across most or all of the six WHO building blocks, with specific areas of overlap in improving quality falling into four main categories: 1) defining and measuring quality; 2) ensuring data quality, and building capacity for data use for decision making and response to quality measurements; 3) strengthened supportive supervision and/or mentoring; and 4) operational research to understand the factors associated with observed variation in quality. Learning the value and challenges of these approaches to measuring and improving quality across the key components of HSS as the projects continue their work will help inform similar efforts both now and in the future to ensure quality across the critical components of a health system and the impact on population health.

  4. Mass-producing B mesons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aleksan, Roy; Ali, Ahmed

    1993-06-15

    Since the discovery of the upsilon resonances in 1977 the physics of the fifth quark - beauty - has played a vital role in establishing and consolidating today's Standard Model of particle physics. In recent years, a wealth of data on B particle (containing the beauty quark) has emerged from the detectors ARGUS (at the DORIS ring, DESY, Hamburg) and CLEO (at the Cornell CESR ring) as well as from CERN's LEP electron-positron collider and the proton-antiproton colliders at CERN and Fermilab. But the most challenging goal of this physics is to explore the mystery of CP violation, so far only seen in neutral kaon decays. This subtle mechanism - a disregard for the combined symmetry of particle antiparticle switching and left-right reflection - possibly moulded the evolution of the Universe after the Big Bang, providing a world dominated by matter, rather than one where matter and antimatter play comparable roles. To fully explore CP violation in the laboratory needs a dedicated machine - a particle 'factory' - to mass produce B mesons. Only when this full picture of CP violation has been revealed will physicists finally be able to solve its mysteries. As well as major proposals in the US and Japan, several ideas have been launched in Europe. Over the years, many working groups have accumulated an impressive amount of data and knowledge on the physics as well as on the machine and detectors. The spearheads of experimental B physics are the ARGUS and CLEO collaborations. Highlights include the determination of the parameters of the (Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa, CKM) quark mixing matrix, testing the consistency of the Standard Model with six quarks and three leptons, and giving the first indirect hint that the as yet unseen sixth ('top') quark is very heavy, together with initial indications of how it should decay. Valuable complementary information has come from proton-antiproton collider data and particularly from the LEP experiments at the Z resonance. Experiments at

  5. New x-ray optical system for fluorescence beamline at Hasylab

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Falkenberg, G.; Tschentscher, T.

    2000-01-01

    Beamline L at HASYLAB/DESY is actually dedicated to micro x-ray fluorescence (μ-XRF) experiments using the white beam from a bending magnet of the storage ring DORIS III. To extend the applicability of beamline L to other x-ray fluorescence techniques, such as synchrotron radiation total reflection x-ray fluorescence (SR-TXRF) and micro x-ray absorption near edge structures in fluorescence mode (μ-XANES), new x-ray optics have been designed and are under installation at the moment. The suitability of beamline L for SR-TXRF experiments has been shown previously in a number of studies using temporary setups for beam monochromatization and collimation. The new optical system comprises a slit system, a pair of x-ray mirrors for focussing, collimation and high energy cut-off (12 keV and 30 keV), a double multilayer monochromator for broad bandpass applications (TXRF) and a double perfect-crystal monochromator for spectroscopy (XANES, speciation). The multilayer monochromator will utilize a pair of NiC with a spacing of 4.0 nm for the energy range 2-10 keV and a second pair of WB 4 C with a spacing of 3.0 nm for the range 4-30 keV. To extend the energy range for broad bandpass applications to higher photon energies SiGe gradient crystals are foreseen (ΔE/E ∼ 10 -3 ). For the perfect-crystal monochromator we have chosen a pair of Ge 111 crystals for the energy range 2-10 keV and Si 111 crystals for 7-90 keV. To enable the use of low photon energies down to 2 keV the monochromator vessel is sealed to the ring vacuum by a 25 μm thick carbon window. The mirrors and monochromators deflect the beam vertically and can be moved out of the beam independently. Fixed exit geometry permits the illumination of the same sample spot with different wavelength and energy bands. All optical elements accept the full vertical beam opening in order to enable both vertical and horizontal geometries for sample and detector. (author)

  6. Uptake of Space Technologies - An Educational Programme

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bacai, Hina; Zolotikova, Svetlana; Young, Mandy; Cowsill, Rhys; Wells, Alan; Monks, Paul; Archibald, Alexandra; Smith, Teresa

    2013-04-01

    Earth Observation data and remote sensing technologies have been maturing into useful tools that can be utilised by local authorities and businesses to aid in activates such as monitoring climate change trends and managing agricultural land and water uses. The European Earth observation programme Copernicus, previously known as GMES (Global Monitoring for Environment and Security), provides the means to collect and process multi-source EO and environmental data that supports policy developments at the European level. At the regional and local level, the Copernicus programme has been initiated through Regional Contact Office (RCO), which provide knowledge, training, and access to expertise both locally and at a European level through the network of RCOs established across Europe in the DORIS_Net (Downstream Observatory organised by Regions active In Space - Network) project (Grant Agreement No. 262789 Coordination and support action (Coordinating) FP7 SPA.2010.1.1-07 "Fostering downstream activities and links with regions"). In the East Midlands UK RCO, educational and training workshops and modules have been organised to highlight the wider range of tools and application available to businesses and local authorities in the region. Engagement with businesses and LRA highlighted the need to have a tiered system of training to build awareness prior to investigating innovative solutions and space technology uses for societal benefits. In this paper we outline education and training programmes which have been developed at G-STEP (GMES - Science and Technology Education Partnership), University of Leicester, UK to open up the Copernicus programme through the Regional Contact Office to downstream users such as local businesses and LRAs. Innovative methods to introduce the operational uses of Space technologies in real cases through e-learning modules and web-based tools will be described and examples of good practice for educational training in these sectors will be

  7. Cognitive effects of electro-acupuncture and pregabalin in a trigeminal neuralgia rat model induced by cobra venom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen RW

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Ruo-Wen Chen,1,2 Hui Liu,2 Jian-Xiong An,1,2 Xiao-Yan Qian,2 Yi-De Jiang,2 Doris K Cope,3 John P Williams,3 Rui Zhang,1 Li-Na Sun1 1Department of Anesthesiology, Weifang Medical University, Weifang City, Shandong, 2Department of Anesthesiology, Pain Medicine and Critical Care Medicine, Aviation General Hospital of China Medical University and Beijing Institute of Translational Medicine, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China; 3Department of Anesthesiology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, USA Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of electro-acupuncture (EA and pregabalin on cognition impairment induced by chronic trigeminal neuralgia (TN in rats. Design: Controlled animal study. Setting: Department of Anesthesiology, Pain Medicine and Critical Care Medicine, Aviation General Hospital of China Medical University. Subjects: Forty adult male Sprague Dawley rats. Methods: Rats were randomly divided into four groups. The TN model was induced by administration of cobra venom to the left infraorbital nerve. On postoperative day 14, either EA or pregabalin was administered, free behavioral activities were observed. Spatial learning and memory abilities were determined in the Morris water maze. The ultrastructural alterations of the Gasserian ganglion, medulla oblongata and hippocampus were examined by electron microscopy. The changes on long-term potentiation were investigated. Results: After treatment, the exploratory behavior increased and the grooming behavior decreased (P<0.05 for the EA group and pregabalin group compared with the cobra venom group; moreover, demyelination of neurons in Gasserian ganglion and medulla oblongata was reversed. The number of platform site crossings, the average percentages of time in the target quadrant and the field excitatory postsynaptic potential slopes increased (P<0.05 in the EA group compared to the cobra venom group. However, the pregabalin group

  8. X-ray radiation damage studies and design of a silicon pixel sensor for science at the XFEL

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Jiaguo

    2013-06-15

    Experiments at the European X-ray Free Electron Laser (XFEL) require silicon pixel sensors which can withstand X-ray doses up to 1 GGy. For the investigation of Xray radiation damage up to these high doses, MOS capacitors and gate-controlled diodes built on high resistivity n-doped silicon with crystal orientations left angle 100 right angle and left angle 111 right angle produced by four vendors, CiS, Hamamatsu, Canberra and Sintef have been irradiated with 12 keV X-rays at the DESY DORIS III synchrotron-light source. Using capacitance/ conductance-voltage, current-voltage and thermal dielectric relaxation current measurements, the densities of oxide charges and interface traps at the Si-SiO{sub 2} interface, and the surface-current densities have been determined as function of dose. Results indicate that the dose dependence of the oxide-charge density, the interface-trap density and the surface-current density depend on the crystal orientation and producer. In addition, the influence of the voltage applied to the gates of the MOS capacitor and the gate-controlled diode during X-ray irradiation on the oxide-charge density, the interface-trap density and the surface-current density has been investigated at doses of 100 kGy and 100 MGy. It is found that both strongly depend on the gate voltage if the electric field in the oxide points from the surface of the SiO{sub 2} to the Si-SiO{sub 2} interface. To verify the long-term stability of irradiated silicon sensors, annealing studies have been performed at 60 C and 80 C on MOS capacitors and gate-controlled diodes irradiated to 5 MGy as well, and the annealing kinetics of oxide charges and surface current were determined. Moreover, the macroscopic electrical properties of segmented sensors have slao been investigated as function of dose. It is found that the defects introduced by X-rays increase the full depletion voltage, the surface leakage current and the inter-electrode capacitance of the segmented sensor. An

  9. NASA's Next Generation Space Geodesy Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merkowitz, S. M.; Desai, S. D.; Gross, R. S.; Hillard, L. M.; Lemoine, F. G.; Long, J. L.; Ma, C.; McGarry, J. F.; Murphy, D.; Noll, C. E.; hide

    2012-01-01

    Requirements for the ITRF have increased dramatically since the 1980s. The most stringent requirement comes from critical sea level monitoring programs: a global accuracy of 1.0 mm, and 0.1mm/yr stability, a factor of 10 to 20 beyond current capability. Other requirements for the ITRF coming from ice mass change, ground motion, and mass transport studies are similar. Current and future satellite missions will have ever-increasing measurement capability and will lead to increasingly sophisticated models of these and other changes in the Earth system. Ground space geodesy networks with enhanced measurement capability will be essential to meeting the ITRF requirements and properly interpreting the satellite data. These networks must be globally distributed and built for longevity, to provide the robust data necessary to generate improved models for proper interpretation of the observed geophysical signals. NASA has embarked on a Space Geodesy Program with a long-range goal to build, deploy and operate a next generation NASA Space Geodetic Network (SGN). The plan is to build integrated, multi-technique next-generation space geodetic observing systems as the core contribution to a global network designed to produce the higher quality data required to maintain the Terrestrial Reference Frame and provide information essential for fully realizing the measurement potential of the current and coming generation of Earth Observing spacecraft. Phase 1 of this project has been funded to (1) Establish and demonstrate a next-generation prototype integrated Space Geodetic Station at Goddard's Geophysical and Astronomical Observatory (GGAO), including next-generation SLR and VLBI systems along with modern GNSS and DORIS; (2) Complete ongoing Network Design Studies that describe the appropriate number and distribution of next-generation Space Geodetic Stations for an improved global network; (3) Upgrade analysis capability to handle the next-generation data; (4) Implement a modern

  10. Co-location of space geodetic techniques carried out at the Geodetic Observatory Wettzell using a closure in time and a multi-technique reference target

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kodet, J.; Schreiber, K. U.; Eckl, J.; Plötz, C.; Mähler, S.; Schüler, T.; Klügel, T.; Riepl, S.

    2018-01-01

    The quality of the links between the different space geodetic techniques (VLBI, SLR, GNSS and DORIS) is still one of the major limiting factors for the realization of a unique global terrestrial reference frame that is accurate enough to allow the monitoring of the Earth system, i.e., of processes like sea level change, postglacial rebound and silent earthquakes. According to the specifications of the global geodetic observing system of the International Association of Geodesy, such a reference frame should be accurate to 1 mm over decades, with rates of change stable at the level of 0.1 mm/year. The deficiencies arise from inaccurate or incomplete local ties at many fundamental sites as well as from systematic instrumental biases in the individual space geodetic techniques. Frequently repeated surveys, the continuous monitoring of antenna heights and the geometrical mount stability (Lösler et al. in J Geod 90:467-486, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00190-016-0887-8) have not provided evidence for insufficient antenna stability. Therefore, we have investigated variations in the respective system delays caused by electronic circuits, which is not adequately captured by the calibration process, either because of subtle differences in the circuitry between geodetic measurement and calibration, high temporal variability or because of lacking resolving bandwidth. The measured system delay variations in the electric chain of both VLBI- and SLR systems reach the order of 100 ps, which is equivalent to 3 cm of path length. Most of this variability is usually removed by the calibrations but by far not all. This paper focuses on the development of new technologies and procedures for co-located geodetic instrumentation in order to identify and remove systematic measurement biases within and between the individual measurement techniques. A closed-loop optical time and frequency distribution system and a common inter-technique reference target provide the possibility to remove

  11. Measurement of the decay of the Υ(1S) and Υ(2S) resonances to muon pairs and determination of the strong coupling constant using the Crystal Ball detector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kobel, M.

    1991-07-01

    Using the Crystal ball detector at the e + e - storage ring DORIS II we have measured the branching fraction B μμ to muon pairs of the Υ(1S) and Υ(2S) resonances and for the first time the product of the muonic partial width Γ μμ and the branching fraction B ee to electrons for both resonances. We obtain B μμ (1S)=(2.31±0.12±0.10)%, Γ μμ (1S).B ee (1S)=(31.2±1.6±1.7) eV and B μμ (2S)=(1.22±0.28±0.19)%, Γ μμ (2S).B ee (2S)=(6.5±1.5±1.0) eV, where the errors given are the statistical and systematic uncertainties, respectively. Inserting the present world average value of B ee (1S)=(2.52±0.17)% we measure for the first time the muonic partial width Γ μμ (1S)=(1.24±0.06±0.11) keV. In addition we present the first evidence for the expected interference between μ-pair production in the continuum and in Υ(1S) decays. Using our result on B μμ (1S) we derive a value for the scale parameter Λ of the strong interaction from exploiting the ratio of B μμ to the branching fraction B ggg of the Υ(1S) to three gluons. In the anti Manti S renormalization scheme for the theory of Quantum Chromo Dynamics (QCD) we find for four flavors Λ 4 sub(anti Manti S)=(210±25 -50 +120 ) MeV. We convert this number into a measurement of the strong coupling constant α s sub(anti Manti S)(μ=5 GeV)=0.184±0.006 -0.013 +0.027 . In both results the experimental and the theoretical errors are listed, respectively. The values for the theoretical uncertainties should be taken as an educated guess. Given today's state of the art in QCD, they are in principle unknown. (orig.) [de

  12. Reviews of recent publications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    1997-06-01

    Modernism by Constantin V. Ponomareff Spanish Studies Cardenal, Ernesto. The Doubtful Strait . Trans. John Lyons by Juan Carlos Galeano Garcia Marquez, Gabriel. Of Love and Other Demons by John Cussen Lindstrom, Naomi. Twentieth-Century Spanish American Fiction by Norma Helsper Meyer, Doris, Ed. Reinterpreting the Spanish American Essay: Women Writers of the 19th and 20th Centuries by Judy Maloof and Fernando Unzueta Nantell, Judith. The Poetry of Francisco Brines: The Deconstructive Effects of Languages by Anita M. Hart Taylor, Diana and Juan Villegas, Eds. Negotiating Performance: Gender, Sexuality, & Theatricality in Latin America by Anne M. Pasero

  13. Measurement of inclusive semileptonic B decays with the ARGUS detector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nau, A.

    1993-01-01

    Using data collected with the ARGUS detector at the ε + ε - storage ring DORIS II at DESY, the inclusive semileptonic branching ratio of B mesons, the charm content of the final hadronic state and vertical stroke V cb vertical stroke have been measured. Model-dependent inclusive semileptonic branching ratios of B mesons are obtained by fitting theoretical models to measured and corrected lepton spectra. Using the free-quark model gives BR (B → Xl y ) = (9.4±0.1±0.6)% and vertical stroke V cb vertical stroke 0.041±0.001±0.002, the model of Altarelli et al. BR(B→Xlν)=(9.7±0.2±0.6)% and vertical stroke V cb vertical stroke =0.041±0.001±0.002, the one of Grinstein et al. BR(B→Xlν)=(9.5±0.1±0.6)% and vertical stroke V cb vertical stroke 0.042±0.001±0.006, and a modified version of the Grinstein et al. model with free D ** content BR(B→Xlν) =(9.7±0.5±0.6)% and vertical stroke V cb vertical stroke =0.043±0.006±0.002 were l is either an electron or a muon. The first quoted error on the semileptonic branching ratio is statistical and the second systematic, whereas the first error on vertical stroke V cb vertical stroke is experimental and the second theoretical. A 'model-independent' inclusive semileptonic branching ratio for B mesons and vertical stroke V cb vertical stroke are obtained by tagging electrons with D 0 and D *+ mesons. The results are: BR(B→Xeν)=(11.2±2.8±1.1)% and vertical stroke V cb vertical stroke =0.045±0.006±0.002. Counting the charm fraction in the final hadronic state in semileptonic B decays with letpon momenta greater than 1.2 GeV/c yields (97±11±8)%. (orig.) [de

  14. CORNELL: Bunch trains provide higher luminosity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1995-01-01

    The new colliding beam technique - ''bunch trains'' - at Cornell's electron-positron Storage Ring (CESR) has led to a new world record for colliding beam luminosity - 3.3 x 10 32 cm -2 s -1 . In the bid to increase reaction rate for any particular process, this luminosity is pushed as high as possible. Once all other luminosityincreasing cards have been played, the only practical way of making a large gain in luminosity is to increase the frequency of bunch-bunch collisions by increasing the number of bunches stored in the ring. However this is not without its own problems: • If the two beams travel the same orbit, the n bunches in one beam collide with the n bunches of the other at 2n points around the ring, and the resulting cumulative nonlinear beam-beam effect (tune shift) severely limits the luminosity attainable at any interaction point. • The destabilizing wakefield effects of bunches on each other increase as the number of bunches increases and the spacing between them decreases. • The synchrotron radiation emitted by the beams becomes a severe problem as the total beam current is raised: to overcome these effects means supplying radiofrequency power to maintain the beam energy, carrying away heat from the vacuum chamber walls, pumping out desorbed gases, and controlling Xray backgrounds in the experiment. In 1979, CESR was designed to run with a single bunch of electrons and a single bunch of positrons circulating on the same orbit and colliding head-on at two diametrically opposite points in the ring, where the CLEO and CUSB experiments were then located. Ideally one could store multiple bunches and solve the multiple collision point problem by using separate rings for the two beams, as in the CERN ISR proton-proton collider and in the original DORIS two-ring configuration at DESY, Hamburg, making the two beams intersect only at the experiments. A less expensive version of this two-ring scheme was accomplished at CESR in

  15. Women’s experiences and preferences regarding breast imaging after completing breast cancer treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brandzel S

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Susan Brandzel,1 Dori E Rosenberg,1 Dianne Johnson,1 Mary Bush,1 Karla Kerlikowske,2–5 Tracy Onega,6,7 Louise Henderson,8 Larissa Nekhlyudov,9,10 Wendy DeMartini,11 Karen J Wernli1 1Group Health Research Institute, Group Health Cooperative, Seattle, WA, 2Department of Medicine, 3Department of Epidemiology, 4Department of Biostatistics, 5Department of Veterans Affairs, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, 6Department of Biomedical Data Science, 7Department of Epidemiology, Norris Cotton Cancer Center, Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Lebanon, NH, 8Department of Radiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, 9Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Medical School, 10Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA, 11Department of Radiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA Background: After treatment for breast cancer, most women receive an annual surveillance mammography to look for subsequent breast cancers. Supplemental breast MRI is sometimes used in addition to mammography despite the lack of clinical evidence for it. Breast imaging after cancer treatment is an emotionally charged experience, an important part of survivorship care, and a topic about which limited patient information exists. We assessed women’s experiences and preferences about breast cancer surveillance imaging with the goal of determining where gaps in care and knowledge could be filled. Participants and methods: We conducted six focus groups with a convenience sample of 41 women in California, North Carolina, and New Hampshire (USA. Participants were aged 38–75 years, had experienced stage 0–III breast cancer within the previous 5 years, and had completed initial treatment. We used inductive thematic analysis to identify key themes from verbatim transcripts. Results: Women reported various types and frequencies of surveillance imaging and a range of surveillance imaging

  16. Tai chi qigong as a means to improve night-time sleep quality among older adults with cognitive impairment: a pilot randomized controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chan AWK

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Aileen WK Chan, Doris SF Yu, KC Choi, Diana TF Lee, Janet WH Sit, Helen YL Chan The Nethersole School of Nursing, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, People’s Republic of China Purpose: Age-related cognitive decline is a growing public health concern worldwide. More than a quarter of adults with cognitive impairment experience sleep disturbance. The objective of this pilot study was to evaluate the preliminary effects of tai chi qigong (TCQ on improving the night-time sleep quality of older adults with cognitive impairment. Participants: Older adults with cognitive impairment who complain of sleep disturbance. Methods: A randomized controlled trial with two groups. Fifty-two subjects were recruited from two district elderly community centers and randomly assigned to either the TCQ group (n=27 or the control group (n=25. The intervention group received TCQ training consisting of two 60-minute sessions each week for 2 months. The control group was advised to maintain their usual activities. Sleep quality was measured by the Chinese Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. Quality of life was measured by Short-form 12, cognitive functions measured by mini-mental state examination, and subjective memory deficits measured by the memory inventory for Chinese. Results: Data were collected at baseline, 2 months, and 6 months. Significant results were noted at 6 months in the Chinese Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index global score (P=0.004, sleep duration (P=0.003, habitual sleep efficiency (P=0.002, and the Short-form 12 mental health component (P<0.001. The TCQ participants reported better sleep quality and a better (quality of life mental health component than the control group. Conclusion: TCQ can be considered a useful nonpharmacological approach for improving sleep quality in older adults with cognitive impairment.Clinical trial registration: CUHK_CCT00448 (https://www2.ccrb.cuhk.edu.hk/registry/public/287. Keywords: cognitive decline, mind

  17. Evaluation on the implementation of respiratory protection measures in old age homes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lee DT

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Diana TF Lee,1 Doris Yu,1 Margaret Ip,2 Jennifer YM Tang3 1The Nethersole School of Nursing, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, 2Department of Microbiology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Sha Tin, 3Sau Po Centre on Ageing, The University of Hong Kong, Pok Fu Lam, Hong Kong Purpose: Old age homes (OAHs represent a vulnerable community for influenza outbreaks. Effective implementation of respiratory protection measures has been identified as an effective prevention measure to reduce mortality and morbidity caused by such outbreaks. Yet, relatively little is known about this aspect in these homes. This study evaluated the implementation of respiratory protection measures among infection control officers (ICOs and health care workers (HCWs in these homes in Hong Kong.Patients and methods: A territory-wide, cross-sectional survey was conducted in 87 OAHs. A total of 87 ICOs and 1,763 HCWs (including nurses, health workers, care workers, allied HCWs and assistants completed the questionnaires that evaluated the implementation at the organizational level and individual level, respectively. Generalized estimating equations with unstructured working correlation matrix were used to analyze the simultaneous influence of organizational and individual factors on the implementation.Results: At the organizational level, all homes had a policy on respiratory protection and implementation of such measures was generally adequate. Basic resources such as paper towels/hand dryers and equipment disinfectants, however, were rated as most inadequate by HCWs. Training opportunities were also identified as grossly inadequate. Only less than half of the ICOs and HCWs participated in training on infection control either at the initiation of employment or on a regular basis. Twenty-five percent of HCWs even indicated that they had never participated in any infection control training. At the individual level, hand hygiene, among other

  18. Geodetic Space Weather Monitoring by means of Ionosphere Modelling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt, Michael

    2017-04-01

    The term space weather indicates physical processes and phenomena in space caused by radiation of energy mainly from the Sun. Manifestations of space weather are (1) variations of the Earth's magnetic field, (2) the polar lights in the northern and southern hemisphere, (3) variations within the ionosphere as part of the upper atmosphere characterized by the existence of free electrons and ions, (4) the solar wind, i.e. the permanent emission of electrons and photons, (5) the interplanetary magnetic field, and (6) electric currents, e.g. the van Allen radiation belt. It can be stated that ionosphere disturbances are often caused by so-called solar storms. A solar storm comprises solar events such as solar flares and coronal mass ejections (CMEs) which have different effects on the Earth. Solar flares may cause disturbances in positioning, navigation and communication. CMEs can effect severe disturbances and in extreme cases damages or even destructions of modern infrastructure. Examples are interruptions to satellite services including the global navigation satellite systems (GNSS), communication systems, Earth observation and imaging systems or a potential failure of power networks. Currently the measurements of solar satellite missions such as STEREO and SOHO are used to forecast solar events. Besides these measurements the Earth's ionosphere plays another key role in monitoring the space weather, because it responses to solar storms with an increase of the electron density. Space-geodetic observation techniques, such as terrestrial GNSS, satellite altimetry, space-borne GPS (radio occultation), DORIS and VLBI provide valuable global information about the state of the ionosphere. Additionally geodesy has a long history and large experience in developing and using sophisticated analysis and combination techniques as well as empirical and physical modelling approaches. Consequently, geodesy is predestinated for strongly supporting space weather monitoring via

  19. Acceptability of a Mobile Phone App for Measuring Time Use in Breast Cancer Survivors (Life in a Day): Mixed-Methods Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ainsworth, Matthew Cole; Pekmezi, Dori; Bowles, Heather; Ehlers, Diane; McAuley, Edward; Courneya, Kerry S; Rogers, Laura Q

    2018-05-14

    ; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00929617 (Archived by WebCite at http://www.webcitation.org/6z2bZ4P7X). ©Matthew Cole Ainsworth, Dori Pekmezi, Heather Bowles, Diane Ehlers, Edward McAuley, Kerry S Courneya, Laura Q Rogers. Originally published in JMIR Cancer (http://cancer.jmir.org), 14.05.2018.

  20. CORNELL: Bunch trains provide higher luminosity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    1995-09-15

    The new colliding beam technique - ''bunch trains'' - at Cornell's electron-positron Storage Ring (CESR) has led to a new world record for colliding beam luminosity - 3.3 x 10{sup 32} cm{sup -2}s{sup -1}. In the bid to increase reaction rate for any particular process, this luminosity is pushed as high as possible. Once all other luminosityincreasing cards have been played, the only practical way of making a large gain in luminosity is to increase the frequency of bunch-bunch collisions by increasing the number of bunches stored in the ring. However this is not without its own problems: • If the two beams travel the same orbit, the n bunches in one beam collide with the n bunches of the other at 2n points around the ring, and the resulting cumulative nonlinear beam-beam effect (tune shift) severely limits the luminosity attainable at any interaction point. • The destabilizing wakefield effects of bunches on each other increase as the number of bunches increases and the spacing between them decreases. • The synchrotron radiation emitted by the beams becomes a severe problem as the total beam current is raised: to overcome these effects means supplying radiofrequency power to maintain the beam energy, carrying away heat from the vacuum chamber walls, pumping out desorbed gases, and controlling Xray backgrounds in the experiment. In 1979, CESR was designed to run with a single bunch of electrons and a single bunch of positrons circulating on the same orbit and colliding head-on at two diametrically opposite points in the ring, where the CLEO and CUSB experiments were then located. Ideally one could store multiple bunches and solve the multiple collision point problem by using separate rings for the two beams, as in the CERN ISR proton-proton collider and in the original DORIS two-ring configuration at DESY, Hamburg, making the two beams intersect only at the experiments. A less expensive version of this two-ring scheme was accomplished at CESR in 1983, using

  1. Effects of tai chi qigong on psychosocial well-being among hidden elderly, using elderly neighborhood volunteer approach: a pilot randomized controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chan AW

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Aileen WK Chan, Doris SF Yu, KC Choi The Nethersole School of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, NT, Hong Kong SAR Purpose: To test the feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of a tai chi qigong program with the assistance of elderly neighborhood volunteers in strengthening social networks and enhancing the psychosocial well-being of hidden elderly. Patients and methods: “Hidden elderly” is a term used to describe older adults who are socially isolated and refuse social participation. This pilot randomized controlled trial recruited 48 older adults aged 60 or above who did not engage in any social activity. They were randomized into tai chi qigong (n=24 and standard care control (n=24 groups. The former group underwent a three-month program of two 60-minute sessions each week, with the socially active volunteers paired up with them during practice. Standard care included regular home visits by social workers. Primary outcomes were assessed by means of the Lubben social network and De Jong Gieveld loneliness scales, and by a revised social support questionnaire. Secondary outcomes were covered by a mental health inventory and the Rosenberg self-esteem scale, and quality of life by using the 12-Item Short Form Health Survey. Data was collected at baseline, and at three and six months thereafter. Results: The generalized estimating equations model revealed general improvement in outcomes among participants on the tai chi qigong program. In particular, participants reported a significantly greater improvement on the loneliness scale (B=-1.32, 95% confidence interval [CI] -2.54 to -0.11, P=0.033 and the satisfaction component of the social support questionnaire (B=3.43, 95% CI 0.10–6.76, P=0.044 than the control group. Conclusion: The pilot study confirmed that tai chi qigong with elderly neighborhood volunteers is a safe and feasible social intervention for hidden elderly. Its potential benefits in

  2. X-ray radiation damage studies and design of a silicon pixel sensor for science at the XFEL

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhang, Jiaguo

    2013-06-01

    Experiments at the European X-ray Free Electron Laser (XFEL) require silicon pixel sensors which can withstand X-ray doses up to 1 GGy. For the investigation of Xray radiation damage up to these high doses, MOS capacitors and gate-controlled diodes built on high resistivity n-doped silicon with crystal orientations left angle 100 right angle and left angle 111 right angle produced by four vendors, CiS, Hamamatsu, Canberra and Sintef have been irradiated with 12 keV X-rays at the DESY DORIS III synchrotron-light source. Using capacitance/ conductance-voltage, current-voltage and thermal dielectric relaxation current measurements, the densities of oxide charges and interface traps at the Si-SiO 2 interface, and the surface-current densities have been determined as function of dose. Results indicate that the dose dependence of the oxide-charge density, the interface-trap density and the surface-current density depend on the crystal orientation and producer. In addition, the influence of the voltage applied to the gates of the MOS capacitor and the gate-controlled diode during X-ray irradiation on the oxide-charge density, the interface-trap density and the surface-current density has been investigated at doses of 100 kGy and 100 MGy. It is found that both strongly depend on the gate voltage if the electric field in the oxide points from the surface of the SiO 2 to the Si-SiO 2 interface. To verify the long-term stability of irradiated silicon sensors, annealing studies have been performed at 60 C and 80 C on MOS capacitors and gate-controlled diodes irradiated to 5 MGy as well, and the annealing kinetics of oxide charges and surface current were determined. Moreover, the macroscopic electrical properties of segmented sensors have slao been investigated as function of dose. It is found that the defects introduced by X-rays increase the full depletion voltage, the surface leakage current and the inter-electrode capacitance of the segmented sensor. An electron

  3. Next generation of electron-positron colliding beam machines

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Richter, B.

    1979-03-01

    The contribution of electron-positron colliding beam experiments to high-energy physics in the 1970's has been prodigious. From the research done with the two highest-energy e + e - machines of the present generation of these devices, have come such things as the discovery and illumination of the properties of the psi family, charmed particles, a new heavy lepton, non-ambigious evidence for hadronic jets, etc. The rapid pace of new developments in physics from such machines comes about for two reasons. First, the electron-positron annihilation process at present energies is particularly simple and well understood, making the problem of determining the quantum numbers and properties of new particles particularly simple. Second, in electron-positron annihilation all final states are on a relatively equal footing, and small production cross sections are compensated for by a lack of confusing background. For example, the rate of production of charmed particles at the SPEAR storage ring at SLAC and the DORIS storage ring at DESY is 3 or 4 orders of magnitude less than the rate of production at FNAL and the SPS. Yet these particles were first found at the storage rings where the background cross sections are comparable to the signal cross section, and have not yet been observed directly by their hadronic decays at the proton machines where the background cross sections are 4 orders of magnitude larger than the signal cross sections. The machines PEP at SLAC and PETRA at DESY will soon be operating at 35 to 40 GeV cm to explore new regions of energy. Studies of electron-positron annihilation at much higher energies than presently planned have a great deal to teach, not only about particle structure and dynamics, but also about the nature of the weak interaction. Some of the physics which can be done with such machines is discussed with a view toward getting an idea of the minimum required energy for the new generation of colliding beam devices

  4. Automated typing of red blood cell and platelet antigens: a whole-genome sequencing study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lane, William J; Westhoff, Connie M; Gleadall, Nicholas S; Aguad, Maria; Smeland-Wagman, Robin; Vege, Sunitha; Simmons, Daimon P; Mah, Helen H; Lebo, Matthew S; Walter, Klaudia; Soranzo, Nicole; Di Angelantonio, Emanuele; Danesh, John; Roberts, David J; Watkins, Nick A; Ouwehand, Willem H; Butterworth, Adam S; Kaufman, Richard M; Rehm, Heidi L; Silberstein, Leslie E; Green, Robert C

    2018-06-01

    Seq genomes. Additional modifications led to the final algorithm, which was 99·2% concordant across 200 INTERVAL genomes (or 99·9% after adjustment for the lower depth of coverage). By enabling more precise antigen-matching of patients with blood donors, antigen typing based on whole-genome sequencing provides a novel approach to improve transfusion outcomes with the potential to transform the practice of transfusion medicine. National Human Genome Research Institute, Doris Duke Charitable Foundation, National Health Service Blood and Transplant, National Institute for Health Research, and Wellcome Trust. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Orbit-related sea level errors for TOPEX altimetry at seasonal to decadal timescales

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esselborn, Saskia; Rudenko, Sergei; Schöne, Tilo

    2018-03-01

    observed orbit-related errors are further investigated. The main contributors on all timescales are uncertainties in Earth's time-variable gravity field models and on annual to interannual timescales discrepancies of the tracking station subnetworks, i.e. satellite laser ranging (SLR) and Doppler Orbitography and Radiopositioning Integrated by Satellite (DORIS).

  6. Orbit-related sea level errors for TOPEX altimetry at seasonal to decadal timescales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Esselborn

    2018-03-01

    orbits calculated at GFZ, the sources of the observed orbit-related errors are further investigated. The main contributors on all timescales are uncertainties in Earth's time-variable gravity field models and on annual to interannual timescales discrepancies of the tracking station subnetworks, i.e. satellite laser ranging (SLR and Doppler Orbitography and Radiopositioning Integrated by Satellite (DORIS.

  7. Blending Face-to-Face and Internet-Based Interventions for the Treatment of Mental Disorders in Adults: Systematic Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erbe, Doris; Eichert, Hans-Christoph; Riper, Heleen; Ebert, David Daniel

    2017-09-15

    cost-effectiveness of blended treatments, especially compared with nonblended treatments are necessary. ©Doris Erbe, Hans-Christoph Eichert, Heleen Riper, David Daniel Ebert. Originally published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research (http://www.jmir.org), 15.09.2017.

  8. Exacerbation of collagen induced arthritis by Fcγ receptor targeted collagen peptide due to enhanced inflammatory chemokine and cytokine production

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Szarka E

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Eszter Szarka1*, Zsuzsa Neer1*, Péter Balogh2, Monika Ádori1, Adrienn Angyal1, József Prechl3, Endre Kiss1,3, Dorottya Kövesdi1, Gabriella Sármay11Department of Immunology, Eötvös Loránd University, 1117 Budapest, 2Department of Immunology and Biotechnology, University of Pécs, Pécs, 3Immunology Research Group of the Hungarian Academy of Science at Eötvös Loránd University, 1117 Budapest, Hungary*These authors contributed equally to this workAbstract: Antibodies specific for bovine type II collagen (CII and Fcγ receptors play a major role in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA, a mouse model of rheumatoid arthritis (RA. Our aim was to clarify the mechanism of immune complex-mediated inflammation and modulation of the disease. CII pre-immunized DBA/1 mice were intravenously boosted with extravidin coupled biotinylated monomeric CII-peptide epitope (ARGLTGRPGDA and its complexes with biotinylated FcγRII/III specific single chain Fv (scFv fragment. Disease scores were monitored, antibody titers and cytokines were determined by ELISA, and binding of complexes was detected by flow cytometry and immune histochemistry. Cytokine and chemokine secretion was monitored by protein profiler microarray. When intravenously administered into collagen-primed DBA/1 mice, both CII-peptide and its complex with 2.4G2 scFv significantly accelerated CIA and increased the severity of the disease, whereas the monomeric peptide and monomeric 2.4G2 scFv had no effect. FcγRII/III targeted CII-peptide complexes bound to marginal zone macrophages and dendritic cells, and significantly elevated the synthesis of peptide-specific IgG2a. Furthermore, CII-peptide containing complexes augmented the in vivo secretion of cytokines, including IL-10, IL-12, IL-17, IL-23, and chemokines (CXCL13, MIP-1, MIP-2. These data indicate that complexes formed by the CII-peptide epitope aggravate CIA by inducing the secretion of chemokines and the IL-12/23 family of pro

  9. Improving Neuromuscular Monitoring and Reducing Residual Neuromuscular Blockade With E-Learning: Protocol for the Multicenter Interrupted Time Series INVERT Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomsen, Jakob Louis Demant; Mathiesen, Ole; Hägi-Pedersen, Daniel; Skovgaard, Lene Theil; Østergaard, Doris; Engbaek, Jens; Gätke, Mona Ring

    2017-10-06

    -learning module was implemented in 6 anesthesia departments on 21 November 2016. Currently, we are collecting postintervention data. The final dataset will include data from more than 10,000 anesthesia procedures. We expect to publish the results in late 2017 or early 2018. With a dataset consisting of thousands of general anesthesia procedures, the INVERT study will assess whether an e-learning module can increase anesthetists' use of neuromuscular monitoring. Clinicaltrials.gov NCT02925143; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02925143 (Archived by WebCite® at http://www.webcitation.org/6s50iTV2x). ©Jakob Louis Demant Thomsen, Ole Mathiesen, Daniel Hägi-Pedersen, Lene Theil Skovgaard, Doris Østergaard, Jens Engbaek, Mona Ring Gätke. Originally published in JMIR Research Protocols (http://www.researchprotocols.org), 06.10.2017.

  10. Mass-producing B mesons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aleksan, Roy; Ali, Ahmed

    1993-01-01

    Since the discovery of the upsilon resonances in 1977 the physics of the fifth quark - beauty - has played a vital role in establishing and consolidating today's Standard Model of particle physics. In recent years, a wealth of data on B particle (containing the beauty quark) has emerged from the detectors ARGUS (at the DORIS ring, DESY, Hamburg) and CLEO (at the Cornell CESR ring) as well as from CERN's LEP electron-positron collider and the proton-antiproton colliders at CERN and Fermilab. But the most challenging goal of this physics is to explore the mystery of CP violation, so far only seen in neutral kaon decays. This subtle mechanism - a disregard for the combined symmetry of particle antiparticle switching and left-right reflection - possibly moulded the evolution of the Universe after the Big Bang, providing a world dominated by matter, rather than one where matter and antimatter play comparable roles. To fully explore CP violation in the laboratory needs a dedicated machine - a particle 'factory' - to mass produce B mesons. Only when this full picture of CP violation has been revealed will physicists finally be able to solve its mysteries. As well as major proposals in the US and Japan, several ideas have been launched in Europe. Over the years, many working groups have accumulated an impressive amount of data and knowledge on the physics as well as on the machine and detectors. The spearheads of experimental B physics are the ARGUS and CLEO collaborations. Highlights include the determination of the parameters of the (Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa, CKM) quark mixing matrix, testing the consistency of the Standard Model with six quarks and three leptons, and giving the first indirect hint that the as yet unseen sixth ('top') quark is very heavy, together with initial indications of how it should decay. Valuable complementary information has come from proton-antiproton collider data and particularly from the LEP experiments at the

  11. Measuring health systems strength and its impact: experiences from the African Health Initiative.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sherr, Kenneth; Fernandes, Quinhas; Kanté, Almamy M; Bawah, Ayaga; Condo, Jeanine; Mutale, Wilbroad

    2017-12-21

    Health systems are essential platforms for accessible, quality health services, and population health improvements. Global health initiatives have dramatically increased health resources; however, funding to strengthen health systems has not increased commensurately, partially due to concerns about health system complexity and evidence gaps demonstrating health outcome improvements. In 2009, the African Health Initiative of the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation began supporting Population Health Implementation and Training Partnership projects in five sub-Saharan African countries (Ghana, Mozambique, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Zambia) to catalyze significant advances in strengthening health systems. This manuscript reflects on the experience of establishing an evaluation framework to measure health systems strength, and associate measures with health outcomes, as part of this Initiative. Using the World Health Organization's health systems building block framework, the Partnerships present novel approaches to measure health systems building blocks and summarize data across and within building blocks to facilitate analytic procedures. Three Partnerships developed summary measures spanning the building blocks using principal component analysis (Ghana and Tanzania) or the balanced scorecard (Zambia). Other Partnerships developed summary measures to simplify multiple indicators within individual building blocks, including health information systems (Mozambique), and service delivery (Rwanda). At the end of the project intervention period, one to two key informants from each Partnership's leadership team were asked to list - in rank order - the importance of the six building blocks in relation to their intervention. Though there were differences across Partnerships, service delivery and information systems were reported to be the most common focus of interventions, followed by health workforce and leadership and governance. Medical products, vaccines and technologies, and

  12. Real-Space Bonding Indicator Analysis of the Donor-Acceptor Complexes X3BNY3, X3AlNY3, X3BPY3, and X3AlPY3 (X, Y = H, Me, Cl).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mebs, Stefan; Beckmann, Jens

    2017-10-12

    Calculations of real-space bonding indicators (RSBI) derived from Atoms-In-Molecules (AIM), Electron Localizability Indicator (ELI-D), Non-Covalent Interactions index (NCI), and Density Overlap Regions Indicator (DORI) toolkits for a set of 36 donor-acceptor complexes X 3 BNY 3 (1, 1a-1h), X 3 AlNY 3 (2, 2a-2h), X 3 BPY 3 (3, 3a-3h), and X 3 AlPY 3 (4, 4a-4h) reveal that the donor-acceptor bonds comprise covalent and ionic interactions in varying extents (X = Y = H for 1-4; X = H, Y = Me for 1a-4a; X = H, Y = Cl for 1b-4b; X = Me, Y = H for 1c-4c; X, Y = Me for 1d-4d; X = Me, Y = Cl for 1e-4e; X = Cl, Y = H for 1f-4f; X = Cl, Y = Me for 1g-4g; X, Y = Cl for 1h-4h). The phosphinoboranes X 3 BPY 3 (3, 3a-3h) in general and Cl 3 BPMe 3 (3f) in particular show the largest covalent contributions and the least ionic contributions. The aminoalanes X 3 AlNY 3 (2, 2a-2h) in general and Me 3 AlNCl 3 (2e) in particular show the least covalent contributions and the largest ionic contributions. The aminoboranes X 3 BNY 3 (1, 1a-1h) and the phosphinoalanes X 3 AlPY 3 (4, 4a-4h) are midway between phosphinoboranes and aminoalanes. The degree of covalency and ionicity correlates with the electronegativity difference BP (ΔEN = 0.15) < AlP (ΔEN = 0.58) < BN (ΔEN = 1.00) < AlN (ΔEN = 1.43) and a previously published energy decomposition analysis (EDA). To illustrate the importance of both contributions in Lewis formula representations, two resonance formulas should be given for all compounds, namely, the canonical form with formal charges denoting covalency and the arrow notation pointing from the donor to the acceptor atom to emphasis ionicity. If the Lewis formula mainly serves to show the atomic connectivity, the most significant should be shown. Thus, it is legitimate to present aminoalanes using arrows; however, for phosphinoboranes the canonical form with formal charges is more appropriate.

  13. Space Geodesy: The Cross-Disciplinary Earth science (Vening Meinesz Medal Lecture)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shum, C. K.

    2012-04-01

    Geodesy during the onset of the 21st Century is evolving into a transformative cross-disciplinary Earth science field. The pioneers before or after the discipline Geodesy was defined include Galileo, Descartes, Kepler, Newton, Euler, Bernoulli, Kant, Laplace, Airy, Kelvin, Jeffreys, Chandler, Meinesz, Kaula, and others. The complicated dynamic processes of the Earth system manifested by interactions between the solid Earth and its fluid layers, including ocean, atmosphere, cryosphere and hydrosphere, and their feedbacks are linked with scientific problems such as global sea-level rise resulting from natural and anthropogenic climate change. Advances in the precision and stability of geodetic and fundamental instrumentations, including clocks, satellite or quasar tracking sensors, altimetry and lidars, synthetic aperture radar interferometry (InSAR), InSAR altimetry, gravimetry and gradiometry, have enabled accentuate and transformative progress in cross-disciplinary Earth sciences. In particular, advances in the measurement of the gravity with modern free-fall methods have reached accuracies of 10-9 g (~1 μGal or 10 nm/s2) or better, allowing accurate measurements of height changes at ~3 mm relative to the Earth's center of mass, and mass transports within the Earth interior or its geophysical fluids, enabling global quantifications of climate-change signals. These contemporary space geodetic and in situ sensors include, but not limited to, satellite radar and laser altimetry/lidars, GNSS/SLR/VLBI/DORIS, InSAR, spaceborne gravimetry from GRACE (Gravity Recovery And Climate Experiment twin-satellite mission) and gradiometry from GOCE (Global Ocean Circulation Experiment), tide gauges, and hydrographic data (XBT/MBT/Argo). The 2007 Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change (IPCC) study, the Fourth Assessment Report (AR4), substantially narrowed the discrepancy between observation and the known geophysical causes of sea-level rise, but significant uncertainties

  14. Health-related quality of life in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with different risk for obstructive sleep apnea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabric K

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available Kresimir Gabric,1,2,* Andrija Matetic,1,* Marino Vilovic,1 Tina Ticinovic Kurir,1 Doris Rusic,3 Tea Galic,4 Ivana Jonjic,2 Josko Bozic1 1Department of Pathophysiology, University of Split School of Medicine, Split, Croatia; 2University Eye Hospital Svjetlost, Zagreb, Croatia; 3Department of Pharmacy, University of Split School of Medicine, Split, Croatia; 4Study of Dental Medicine, University of Split School of Medicine, Split, Croatia *These authors contributed equally to the work Purpose: Our study primarily aimed to investigate health-related quality of life (HRQoL in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM patients with different risk for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA.Patients and methods: This cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study included 466 adult patients with T2DM on regular visit to Center for Diabetes of University Hospital of Split from April to September 2017. All subjects underwent detailed anamnestical evaluation and physical examination with anthropometric measurements. Additionally, all subjects completed STOP (Snoring, Tiredness, Observed apnea, and high blood Pressure questionnaire to assess risk for OSA, Epworth Sleepiness Scale to assess daytime sleepiness, and Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-36 (SF-36 instrument to evaluate HRQoL.Results: Most subjects (N=312, 67.0% represented high-risk OSA group based on STOP questionnaire (STOP score ≥2. Statistically significantly lower HRQoL scores in all SF-36 dimensions were found in T2DM patients with high risk for OSA compared to low-risk group (P<0.001. STOP score showed statistically significant negative correlation with all SF-36 dimensions (P<0.001. In multiple linear regression analysis, STOP score was confirmed as statistically significant independent predictor for all SF-36 components, adjusted for body mass index, age, glycated hemoglobin, and T2DM duration (P<0.001.Conclusion: Our study found that high proportion of patients with T2DM are at high risk for OSA. Furthermore

  15. Participants' Perceptions on the Use of Wearable Devices to Reduce Sitting Time: Qualitative Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takemoto, Michelle; Lewars, Brittany; Hurst, Samantha; Crist, Katie; Nebeker, Camille; Madanat, Hala; Nichols, Jeanne; Rosenberg, Dori E; Kerr, Jacqueline

    2018-03-31

    participants voted, as several participants reported using a "process of elimination" as opposed to choosing favorites because none of the devices were ideal for reducing sitting time. To overcome the limitations in current devices, future wearable devices designed to reduce sitting time should include the following features: waterproof, long battery life, accuracy in measuring sitting time, real time feedback on progress toward sitting reduction goals, and flexible options for prompts to take breaks from sitting. ©Michelle Takemoto, Brittany Lewars, Samantha Hurst, Katie Crist, Camille Nebeker, Hala Madanat, Jeanne Nichols, Dori E Rosenberg, Jacqueline Kerr. Originally published in JMIR Mhealth and Uhealth (http://mhealth.jmir.org), 31.03.2018.

  16. The Ocean Surface Topography SENTINEL-6/JASON-CS Mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cullen, R.

    2015-12-01

    elevation, wind speed and SWH) from the altimeter data require supporting measurements: a DORIS receiver for POD; The Climate Quality Advanced Microwave Radiometer (AMR-C) provided by JPL for high stability path delay correction. Orbit tracking data are also provided by GPS & LRA. An additional US GPS receiver, GNSS-RO, will be dedicated to radio-occultation.

  17. The Ocean Surface Topography JASON-CS/SENTINEL-6 Mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cullen, R.; Francis, R.

    2014-12-01

    the altimeter data require supporting measurements: a DORIS receiver for POD; The Climate Quality Advanced Microwave Radiometer (AMR-C) provided by JPL for high stability path delay correction. Orbit tracking data are also provided by GPS & LRA. An additional US GPS receiver, GNSS-RO, will be dedicated to radio-occultation measurements.

  18. Improving data quality across 3 sub-Saharan African countries using the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR): results from the African Health Initiative.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gimbel, Sarah; Mwanza, Moses; Nisingizwe, Marie Paul; Michel, Cathy; Hirschhorn, Lisa

    2017-12-21

    High-quality data are critical to inform, monitor and manage health programs. Over the seven-year African Health Initiative of the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation, three of the five Population Health Implementation and Training (PHIT) partnership projects in Mozambique, Rwanda, and Zambia introduced strategies to improve the quality and evaluation of routinely-collected data at the primary health care level, and stimulate its use in evidence-based decision-making. Using the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR) as a guide, this paper: 1) describes and categorizes data quality assessment and improvement activities of the projects, and 2) identifies core intervention components and implementation strategy adaptations introduced to improve data quality in each setting. The CFIR was adapted through a qualitative theme reduction process involving discussions with key informants from each project, who identified two domains and ten constructs most relevant to the study aim of describing and comparing each country's data quality assessment approach and implementation process. Data were collected on each project's data quality improvement strategies, activities implemented, and results via a semi-structured questionnaire with closed and open-ended items administered to health management information systems leads in each country, with complementary data abstraction from project reports. Across the three projects, intervention components that aligned with user priorities and government systems were perceived to be relatively advantageous, and more readily adapted and adopted. Activities that both assessed and improved data quality (including data quality assessments, mentorship and supportive supervision, establishment and/or strengthening of electronic medical record systems), received higher ranking scores from respondents. Our findings suggest that, at a minimum, successful data quality improvement efforts should include routine audits linked to

  19. Fourth-Order Conservative Vlasov-Maxwell Solver for Cartesian and Cylindrical Phase Space Coordinates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vogman, Genia

    coordinates present a new development in the field of computational plasma physics. A fourth-order finite-volume method for solving the Vlasov-Maxwell equation system is presented first for Cartesian and then for cylindrical phase space coordinates. Special attention is given to the treatment of the discrete primary variables and to the quadrature rule for evaluating the surface and line integrals that appear in the governing equations. The finite-volume treatment of conducting wall and axis boundaries is particularly nuanced when it comes to phase space coordinates, and is described in detail. In addition to the mechanics of each part of the finite-volume discretization in the two different coordinate systems, the complete algorithm is also presented. The Cartesian coordinate discretization is applied to several well-known test problems. Since even linear analysis of kinetic theory governing equations is complicated on account of velocity being an independent coordinate, few analytic or semi-analytic predictions exist. Benchmarks are particularly scarce for configurations that have magnetic fields and involve more than two phase space dimensions. Ensuring that simulations are true to the physics thus presents a difficulty in the development of robust numerical methods. The research described in this dissertation addresses this challenge through the development of more complete physics-based benchmarks based on the Dory-Guest-Harris instability. The instability is a special case of perpendicularly-propagating kinetic electrostatic waves in a warm uniformly magnetized plasma. A complete derivation of the closed-form linear theory dispersion relation for the instability is presented. The electric field growth rates and oscillation frequencies specified by the dispersion relation provide concrete measures against which simulation results can be quantitatively compared. Furthermore, a specialized form of perturbation is shown to strongly excite the fastest growing mode. The

  20. Development and test of a high-resolution detector for synchrotron radiation imaging; Entwicklung und Test eines hochaufloesenden Detektors zur Bildgebung mit Synchrotronstrahlung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ruebsamen, Oliver

    2011-07-01

    For medical imaging with x-rays, especially coronary angiography in vivo, high position resolution detectors are needed, thereby being able to deliver a contrast better than 1% and a readout speed faster than milliseconds. Since coronary angiography uses a contrast agent like iodine or gadolinium, high energy photons up to 51 keV are needed for imaging. The k-edge subtraction method allows visualizing small vessels because of the sharp jump of absorption at the k-edge of the contrast agent and the almost constant absorption of the surrounding tissue and bone, as well as the measurement of the concentration of the contrast agent to explore heart dynamics. Various detectors and detector materials are in use or development to match these conditions. Solid state Si-, Ge-, CdZnTe-, CdMnTe- or CdTe-seminconductor detectors are used or tested for imaging, each of them having different physical and/or technical problems which prevent to meet the required specifications. These problems are low absorption efficiency (Si) and reduced position resolution if scintillators are used, cooling and poor resolution (Ge) and charge spread along many pixels and technical problems to manufacture a detector chip (CdZnTe, CdMnTe, CdTe). The approach made in this work is a gas filled ionization chamber, built as a integrating line detector. In general, ionization chambers always suffer from poor absorption efficiency, but this can be overcome using the noble Gases Ar, Kr or Xe at very high gas pressures around 50 bar and relatively long (in the range of cm) anode strips. This design is critical for parallax effects, so an x-ray beam with a very small beam divergence is needed. This requirement in combination with the desired contrast and timing resolution can only be achieved by synchrotron light sources of the third generation, like the DORIS ring at DESY, Hamburg or the ESR in Grenoble. A different problem of ionization chambers is fluorescence photons, which produce a background signal

  1. Nasa Unveils Cosmic Images Book in Braille for Blind Readers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    BALTIMORE - At a Tuesday ceremony at the National Federation of the Blind, NASA unveiled a new book that brings majestic images taken by its Great Observatories to the fingertips of the blind. "Touch the Invisible Sky" is a 60-page book with color images of nebulae, stars, galaxies and some of the telescopes that captured the original pictures. Each image is embossed with lines, bumps and other textures. These raised patterns translate colors, shapes and other intricate details of the cosmic objects, allowing visually impaired people to experience them. Braille and large-print descriptions accompany each of the book's 28 photographs, making the book's design accessible to readers of all visual abilities. Sample page Sample page The book contains spectacular images from the Hubble Space Telescope, Chandra X-ray Observatory, Spitzer Space Telescope and powerful ground-based telescopes. The celestial objects are presented as they appear through visible-light telescopes and different spectral regions invisible to the naked eye, from radio to infrared, visible, ultraviolet and X-ray light. The book introduces the concept of light and the spectrum and explains how the different observatories complement each others' findings. Readers take a cosmic journey beginning with images of the sun, and travel out into the galaxy to visit relics of exploding and dying stars, as well as the Whirlpool galaxy and colliding Antennae galaxies. People Who Read This Also Read... Chandra Data Reveal Rapidly Whirling Black Holes Jet Power and Black Hole Assortment Revealed in New Chandra Image Action Replay of Powerful Stellar Explosion Black Holes Are The Rhythm at The Heart of Galaxies "Touch the Invisible Sky" was written by astronomy educator and accessibility specialist Noreen Grice of You Can Do Astronomy LLC and the Museum of Science, Boston, with authors Simon Steel, an astronomer with the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics in Cambridge, Mass., and Doris Daou, an astronomer

  2. A Paradigm shift to an Old Scheme for Outgoing Longwave Radiation

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDonald, Alastair B.

    2016-04-01

    nérales Sur Les Températures Du Globe Terrestre Et Des Espaces Planétaires.' Annales de Chimie et de Physique 27: 136-67, translated by Raymond T. Pierrehumbert http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v432/n7018/extref/432677a-s1.pdf Philipona, Rolf, Bruno Dürr, Atsumu Ohmura, and Christian Ruckstuhl. 2005. 'Anthropogenic Greenhouse Forcing and Strong Water Vapor Feedback Increase Temperature in Europe'. Geophysical Research Letters 32 (19): L19809. doi:10.1029/2005GL023624. Saussure, Horace-Benedict de. 1786. 'Chapter XXXV. Des Causes du Froid qui Regne sur les Montagnes'. In Voyages dans les Alpes, II:347-71. Neuchatel: Fauche-Borel. http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k1029499.r=.langFR, translated by Alastair B. McDonald, http://www.abmcdonald.freeserve.co.uk/saussure/CHAPTER%2035.pdf. Thorne, Peter W., Philip Brohan, Holly A. Titchner, et al. 2011. 'A Quantification of Uncertainties in Historical Tropical Tropospheric Temperature Trends from Radiosondes'. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 116 (D12): n/a - n/a. doi:10.1029/2010JD015487. Wild, Martin, Doris Folini, Christoph Schär, et al. 2013. 'The Global Energy Balance from a Surface Perspective'. Climate Dynamics 40 (11-12): 3107-34. doi:10.1007/s00382-012-1569-8. White, James W.C., Alley, Richard B., Archer, David E., et al. 2013. Abrupt Impacts of Climate Change: Anticipating Surprises. Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press. http://www.nap.edu/catalog/18373.

  3. SB6.0: The 6th International meeting on Synthetic Biology, July 9-11, 2013

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kahl, Linda J. [BioBricks Foundation

    2015-04-23

    direct administrative costs associated with selecting speakers (preparing announcements, evaluating abstract submissions) and handling travel arrangements. Leading U.S. researchers selected to speak at the SB6.0 conference included: Adam Arkin, Ph.D. Division Director of the Physical Biosciences Division at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and Professor in the Department of Bioengineering at UC Berkeley Jay Keasling, Ph.D. Professor in the Department of Bioengineering at Berkeley, Senior Faculty Scientist and Associate Laboratory Director of the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, and Chief Executive Officer of the Joint BioEnergy Institute. Debra Mathews, Ph.D. Assistant Director for Science Programs for the Johns Hopkins Berman Institute of Bioethics, Assistant Professor in the Department of Pediatrics, and Affiliate Faculty in the McKusick-Nathans Institute of Genetic Medicine, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine. Richard Murray, Ph.D. Thomas E. and Doris Everhart Professor of Control & Dynamical Systems and Bioengineering at Caltech. Sarah Richardson, Ph.D. Distinguished Postdoctoral Fellow in Genomics at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute. and others (for a complete listing of speakers presenting at the SB6.0 conference see http://sb6.biobricks.org/speakers/) The SB6.0 conference was the largest synthetic biology conference to date, and highlights of the SB6.0 conference have been published in a special issue of ACS Synthetic Biology (http://pubs.acs.org/toc/asbcd6/3/3). The BioBricks Foundation appreciates the support of the U.S. Department of Energy in helping to make this most influential and important conference in the field of synthetic biology a success.

  4. Electroconvulsive therapy and risk of dementia in patients with affective disorders: a cohort study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osler, Merete; Rozing, Maarten Pieter; Christensen, Gunhild Tidemann; Andersen, Per Kragh; Jørgensen, Martin Balslev

    2018-04-01

    ratio [HR] 1·51, 95% CI 0·67-3·46, p=0·32; and 1·15, 0·91-1·47, p=0·22, respectively). In patients aged 70 years and older, ECT was associated with a decreased rate of dementia (0·68, 95% CI 0·58-0·80; pECT (subdistribution HR 0·98, 95% CI 0·76-1·26; p=0·24). ECT was not associated with risk of incidental dementia in patients with affective disorders after correcting for the potential effect of patient selection or competing mortality. The findings from this study support the continued use of ECT in patients with severe episodes of mood disorders, including those who are elderly. Danish Council for Independent Research, Danish Medical Research Council, the Velux Foundation, the Jascha Foundation, and the Doctor Sofus Carl Emil Friis and Olga Doris Friis grant. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. People and things. CERN Courier, Oct 1995, v. 35(7)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1995-01-01

    The article reports on achievements of various people, staff changes and position opportunities within the CERN organization and contains news updates on upcoming or past events: Gentner-Kastler Prize: T he prestigious Gentner-Kastler Prize, jointly awarded by the French and German Physical Societies, goes this year to Walter Schmidt-Parzefall of DESY, formerly leader of the Argus group at the DORIS electron-positron collider at the DESY Laboratory Hamburg, which has made many significant contributions to heavy quark spectroscopy. Subsequently he joined Hamburg University, and has recently played a prominent role in establishing the HERA-B experiment at DESY's HERA electron-proton collider. Before working at DESY, Schmidt-Parzefall spent some time at CERN's Intersecting Storage Rings.; Thirty ISR years: A discreet lunch event at CERN marked the 30th anniversary of the historic decision to go ahead with the Intersecting Storage Rings (ISR) at CERN. Among those present were Victor Weisskopf, CERN's Director General at the time, and Mervyn Hine, responsible for CERN's longterm planning under Weisskopf. The ISR, the world's first proton collider, came into operation in 1971, ahead of schedule, but was shut down in 1984, also ahead of schedule, as part of the bid to divert funds to LEP construction. The ISR, which used the idea of particle stacking to build up the stored beam intensity, was long regarded as a masterpiece of accelerator building, and blazed a trail for CERN's future accelerator projects. Many CERN specialists cut their accelerator teeth at the ISR.; ICTP Dirac Medal: The International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Trieste, is awarding its 1995 Dirac Medal to Michael Berry of Bristol for his discovery of the non-integrable phase that arises in adiabatic processes in quantum theory. This effect was first detected in 1986 in an optics experiment by Tomita and Chiao in which the rotation of the polarization plane of a

  6. e-Infrastuctures interoperability: the Geohazards Exploitation Platform for the use of satellite earth observations in Geosciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caumont, Herve; Brito, Fabrice; Mathot, Emmanuel; Barchetta, Francesco; Loeschau, Frank

    2015-04-01

    acquisitions are verified against the GEOSS Data Collection of Open Resources for Everyone (GEOSS Data-CORE) principles. The resulting infras- tructure repositories include connectivity to the GEOSS Data Access Broker (DAB), through the "OGC CS-W OpenSearch Geo and Time extensions" interface standard, a key interoperability arrangement used by the MED- SUV systems, making EO data products available to both the project partners and the broader initiatives. GEP is also proposing and further developing hosted processing, aimed at MED-SUV researchers' work on new methods to integrate in-situ and satellite sensors data: a set of users services (concept of Platform-as-a-Service, or PaaS) for generating value-added products, including tools to design and develop Hadoop-enabled processing chains. The PaaS core engine is the Developer Cloud Sandboxes service, where scalable processing chains are prepared and validated. The PaaS makes use of Virtual Machines technology, and of middleware for scaling-out processing tasks via interfaces to commercial Cloud Providers, or through research agreements to academic re- sources like EGI.eu. After integration, processors are deployed and invoked 'as-a-Service' by partners via OGC Web Processing Service standard interface, or shared as reusable virtualized resources. Recent integration work covered e.g. ROI_PAC, GMTSAR and DORIS ADORE toolboxes along with supporting processing services such as DEM generation. Such approach has been discussed also with the MARSite project, ensuring the adopted solu- tions are aligned. As part of the MED-SUV project, we are developing tools and services supporting researchers working on new data fusion methods, and fostering collaboration between different end users and partners, including towards the GEO communities. Overall, the approach provides an integrated European contribution for the exploitation of decades of scientific data gathered from Earth observation satellites.

  7. 20. ATSR congress - Book of abstracts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1999-01-01

    This document brings together the abstracts of all presentations given at the 20. congress of the French association for radiation protection techniques and sciences (ATSR). Content: - Use of radioactive sources: 1 - Role of the inter-ministry Commission of artificial radioelements (CIREA) in the medical, research and industry domains (Denis-Philippe Fages, CIREA Fontenay-aux-Roses); 2 - Radiation protection and ionic smoke detectors (Catherine Bougie, labour inspection DDTE, Montigny-Le-Bretonneux); 3 - radioactive wastes and effluents management in hospitals (Vincent Carlier, ANDRA Chatenay-Malabry); - Nuclear law and its applications: 4 - environmental effects on public health and why the environment health safety system needs to be reformed (Andre Aschieri, House of Commons); 5 - Radiation sources safety and radioactive materials security: IAEA's action plan (Robert Ouvrard, IAEA, Austria); - Radon risk: 6 - Radon risk epidemiology in France (Margot Tirmarche, Helene Baysson, Dominique Laurier, IPSN - Fontenay-aux-Roses); 7 - Radon risk: polonium effects (Jacques Pradel, Gr.COM/AEPN, Paris); 8 Training of civil engineering and public work professionals with regards to radon and its decay products (Marc Ammerich, CEA Saclay, F. Gauffre, Montpellier 2 Univ., M-C. Robe, IPSN); - Radioactive wastes: 9 - Radio-elements transmutation, status and perspectives (Thomas Kirchner - Ecole des Mines Nantes); 10 - Management of low-level radioactive wastes generated by accelerators (Manfred Hoefert, Doris Forkel-Wirth, Claude Lamberet, CERN Switzerland); 11 - Summary of the French legislation about wastes (Christian Bataille, House of Commons); - Impact on the public: 12 - Use of radionuclides in environmental studies (Xavier Vitart - CEA/DAMRI/SAR); 13 - Energy and environment (Jacques Frot - GR.COM/AEPN); - Impacts on public and on the environment: 14 - Low dose effects (Roland Masse, Academy of Sciences); 15 - The stakes of radioactivity measurements (Jean Charles Abbe

  8. Regional Densification of a Global VTEC Model Based on B-Spline Representations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erdogan, Eren; Schmidt, Michael; Dettmering, Denise; Goss, Andreas; Seitz, Florian; Börger, Klaus; Brandert, Sylvia; Görres, Barbara; Kersten, Wilhelm F.; Bothmer, Volker; Hinrichs, Johannes; Mrotzek, Niclas

    2017-04-01

    The project OPTIMAP is a joint initiative of the Bundeswehr GeoInformation Centre (BGIC), the German Space Situational Awareness Centre (GSSAC), the German Geodetic Research Institute of the Technical University Munich (DGFI-TUM) and the Institute for Astrophysics at the University of Göttingen (IAG). The main goal of the project is the development of an operational tool for ionospheric mapping and prediction (OPTIMAP). Two key features of the project are the combination of different satellite observation techniques (GNSS, satellite altimetry, radio occultations and DORIS) and the regional densification as a remedy against problems encountered with the inhomogeneous data distribution. Since the data from space-geoscientific mission which can be used for modeling ionospheric parameters, such as the Vertical Total Electron Content (VTEC) or the electron density, are distributed rather unevenly over the globe at different altitudes, appropriate modeling approaches have to be developed to handle this inhomogeneity. Our approach is based on a two-level strategy. To be more specific, in the first level we compute a global VTEC model with a moderate regional and spectral resolution which will be complemented in the second level by a regional model in a densification area. The latter is a region characterized by a dense data distribution to obtain a high spatial and spectral resolution VTEC product. Additionally, the global representation means a background model for the regional one to avoid edge effects at the boundaries of the densification area. The presented approach based on a global and a regional model part, i.e. the consideration of a regional densification is called the Two-Level VTEC Model (TLVM). The global VTEC model part is based on a series expansion in terms of polynomial B-Splines in latitude direction and trigonometric B-Splines in longitude direction. The additional regional model part is set up by a series expansion in terms of polynomial B-splines for

  9. Evolution of Cognitive Rehabilitation After Stroke From Traditional Techniques to Smart and Personalized Home-Based Information and Communication Technology Systems: Literature Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cogollor, José M; Rojo-Lacal, Javier; Hermsdörfer, Joachim; Ferre, Manuel; Arredondo Waldmeyer, Maria Teresa; Giachritsis, Christos; Armstrong, Alan; Breñosa Martinez, Jose Manuel; Bautista Loza, Doris Anabelle; Sebastián, José María

    2018-03-26

    the selection of 8 different ICT-based approaches found in scientific-technical studies, 9 European projects funded by the European Commission that offer eHealth architectures, and other large-scale activities such as smart houses and the initiative City4Age. Stroke is one of the main causes that most negatively affect countries in the socioeconomic aspect. The design of new ICT-based systems should provide 4 main features for an efficient and personalized cognitive rehabilitation: support in the execution of complex daily tasks, automatic error detection, home-based performance, and accessibility. Only 33% of the European projects presented fulfilled those requirements at the same time. For this reason, current and future large-scale initiatives focused on eHealth and smart environments should try to solve this situation by providing more complete and sophisticated platforms. ©José M Cogollor, Javier Rojo-Lacal, Joachim Hermsdörfer, Manuel Ferre, Maria Teresa Arredondo Waldmeyer, Christos Giachritsis, Alan Armstrong, Jose Manuel Breñosa Martinez, Doris Anabelle Bautista Loza, José María Sebastián. Originally published in JMIR Rehabilitation and Assistive Technology (http://rehab.jmir.org), 26.03.2018.

  10. Assessment of global guidelines for preventive chemotherapy against schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiasis: a cost-effectiveness modelling study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lo, Nathan C; Lai, Ying-Si; Karagiannis-Voules, Dimitrios-Alexios; Bogoch, Isaac I; Coulibaly, Jean T; Bendavid, Eran; Utzinger, Jürg; Vounatsou, Penelope; Andrews, Jason R

    2016-09-01

    thresholds using integrated delivery were lower. Using this revised treatment framework, we estimated that treatment needs would be six times higher than WHO guidelines for praziquantel and two times higher for albendazole. An additional 21·3% (95% Bayesian credible interval 20·4-22·2) of the population changed from receiving non-integrated treatment under WHO guidelines to integrated treatment (both praziquantel and albendazole). Country-specific economic differences resulted in heterogeneity around these prevalence thresholds. Annual preventive chemotherapy programmes against schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiasis are likely to be highly cost-effective at prevalences lower than WHO recommendations. These findings support substantial treatment scale-up, community-wide coverage, integrated treatment in co-endemic settings that yield substantial cost synergies, and country-specific treatment guidelines. Doris Duke Charitable Foundation, Mount Sinai Hospital-University Health Network AMO Innovation Fund, and Stanford University Medical Scholars Programme. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available David Scott; Conscripts of Modernity: The Tragedy of Colonial Enlightenment (Shalina Puri Rebecca J. Scott; Degrees of Freedom: Louisiana and Cuba after Slavery (Olivia Maria Gomes da Cunha Patrick Bellegarde-Smith (ed.; Fragments of Bone: Neo-African Religions in a New World (Dianne M. Stewart Londa Schiebinger; Plants and Empire: Colonial Bioprospecting in the Atlantic World (J.D. La Fleur F. Abiola Irele, Simon Gikandi (eds.;The Cambridge History of African and Caribbean Literature (A. James Arnold Sean X. Goudie; Creole America: The West Indies and the Formation of Literature and Culture in the New Republic (J. Bradford Anderson Doris Garraway; The Libertine Colony: Creolization in the Early French Caribbean (Charles Forsdick Adélékè Adéèkó; The Slave’s Rebellion: Fiction, History, Orature (Owen Robinson J. Brooks Bouson; Jamaica Kincaid: Writing Memory, Writing Back to the Mother (Lizabeth Paravisini-Gebert Gary Wilder; The French Imperial Nation-State: Negritude and Colonial Humanism between the Two World Wars (Nick Nesbitt Fernando Picó; History of Puerto Rico: A Panorama of its People (Francisco A. Scarano Peter E. Siegel (ed.; Ancient Borinquen: Archaeology and Ethnohistory of Native Puerto Rico (William F. Keegan Magali Roy-Féquière; Women, Creole Identity, and Intellectual Life in Early Twentieth-Century Puerto Rico (Yolanda Martínez-San Miguel Katherine E. Browne; Creole Economics: Caribbean Cunning under the French Flag (David Beriss Louis A. Pérez, Jr; To Die in Cuba: Suicide and Society (Matt D. Childs John Lawrence Tone; War and Genocide in Cuba, 1895-1898 (Gillian McGillivray Frank Argote-Freyre; Fulgencio Batista: From Revolutionary to Strongman (Javier Figueroa-De Cárdenas Juanita de Barros, Audra Diptee, David V. Trotman (eds.; Beyond Fragmentation: Perspectives on Caribbean History (Bernard Moitt Matthew Mulcahy; Hurricanes and Society in the British Greater

  12. The Copernicus POD Service and beyond: Scientific exploitation of the orbit-related data and products

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peter, Heike; Fernández, Jaime; Fernández, Carlos; Féménias, Pierre

    2017-04-01

    The Copernicus POD (Precise Orbit Determination) Service is part of the Copernicus Processing Data Ground Segment (PDGS) of the Sentinel-1, -2 and -3 missions. A GMV-led consortium is operating the Copernicus POD Service being in charge of generating precise orbital products and auxiliary data files for their use as part of the processing chains of the respective Sentinel PDGS. The orbital products are available through the dedicated Copernicus data hub. The Copernicus POD Service is supported by the Copernicus POD Quality Working Group (QWG) for the validation of the orbit product accuracy. The QWG is delivering independent orbit solutions for the satellites. The cross-comparison of all these orbit solutions is essential to monitor and to improve the orbit accuracy because for Sentinel-1 and -2 this is the only possibility to externally assess the quality of the orbits. Each of the Sentinel-1, -2, and -3 satellites carries dual-frequency GPS receivers delivering the necessary measurements for the precise orbit determination of the satellites. The Sentinel-3 satellites are additionally equipped with a DORIS (Doppler Orbitography and Radiopositioning Integrated by Satellite) receiver and a Laser Retro Reflector for Satellite Laser Ranging. These two additional observation techniques allow for independent validation of the GPS-derived orbit determination results and for studying biases between the different techniques. The scientific exploitation of the orbit determination and the corresponding input data is manifold. Sophisticated satellite macro models improve the modelling of the non-gravitational forces acting on the satellite. On the other hand, comparisons to orbits based on pure empirical modelling of the non-gravitational forces help to sort out deficiencies in the satellite geometry information. The dual-frequency GPS data delivered by the satellites can give valuable input for ionospheric studies important for Space Weather research. So-called kinematic

  13. Energy for Rhineland-Palatinate. Safety and sustainability as aim for economy, science and policy. 2. rev. ed.; Energie fuer Rheinland-Pfalz. Sicherheit und Nachhaltigkeit als Ziele fuer Wirtschaft, Wissenschaft und Politik

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schaumann, Gunter; Weingarten, Joe (eds.)

    2009-07-01

    The book under consideration reports on the conclusions and results of the ZIRP project 'Future radar 2030 - On the way to the energy country Rhineland-Palatinate. The book contains the following contributions: (1) Energy as a central question of survival of our industrial society (Kurt Beck); (2) Energy policy and climate protection - Decisive factors for the competitiveness of the industry (Harald Schwager); (3) Further increase of the worldwide energy consumption at limited reserves - one of the central challenges for the next decades. (Dieter Schmitt); (4) Safe energy in the future with energy efficiency and innovation (Gunter Schaumann); (5) Decentralized power supply and cooperative legal form (Walter Weinkauf); (6) Policy of energy and climatic protection in Rhineland-Palatinate - Energy mix of the future (Margit Conrad); (7) Energy supply and climatic protection as a market for companies in Rhineland-Palatinate (Hendrik Hering); (8) The Pfalz companies: Regional strength in the European power market (Guenther Koch); (9) Energy country Rhineland-Palatinate - Scope of possible action and experiences of municipal power supplier (Karl-Heinz Koch); (10) Power supply as a task of the regional planning and planning in Rhineland-Palatinate (Karl Peter Bruch); (11) Power generation and agriculture (Andrea Adams); (12) The implementation of energy as a main theme in the education at schools (Doris Ahnen); (13) Energy management in companies (Dietmar Kohn, Klaus-Werner Linneweber); (14) Hot thing. Geothermal power in Rhineland-Palatinate (Joerg Baumgaertner, Peter Hauffe, Walter Kirsch); (15) Friendly Energy - Friendly World. Sustainability with clean wind power and education (Joachim Fuhrlaender); (16) Rhineland-Palatinate as a region with imports of electricity - Are climate targets available without nuclear power? (Konrad Kleinknecht); (17) Regional material stream management in the energy sector (Peter Heck); (18) The utilization of renewable energies

  14. Relapse to opioid use in opioid-dependent individuals released from compulsory drug detention centres compared with those from voluntary methadone treatment centres in Malaysia: a two-arm, prospective observational study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wegman, Martin P; Altice, Frederick L; Kaur, Sangeeth; Rajandaran, Vanesa; Osornprasop, Sutayut; Wilson, David; Wilson, David P; Kamarulzaman, Adeeba

    2017-02-01

    31 days [IQR 26-32] vs 352 days [256-unestimable], log rank test, p<0·0001). VTC participants had an 84% (95% CI 75-90) decreased risk of opioid relapse after adjustment for control variables and inverse propensity of treatment weights. Time-varying effect modelling revealed the largest hazard ratio reduction, at 91% (95% CI 83-96), occurs during the first 50 days in the community. Opioid-dependent individuals in CDDCs are significantly more likely to relapse to opioid use after release, and sooner, than those treated with evidence-based treatments such as methadone, suggesting that CDDCs have no role in the treatment of opioid-use disorders. The World Bank Group, Doris Duke Charitable Foundation, National Institute on Drug Abuse, Australian National Health & Medical Research Council, National Institute of Mental Health, and the University of Malaya-Malaysian Ministry of Higher Education High Impact Research Grant. Copyright © 2017 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an Open Access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  15. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2001-10-01

    Full Text Available -Doris Jedamski, René Witte, De Indische radio-omroep; Overheidsbeleid en ontwikkeling, 1923-1942. Hilversum: Verloren, 1998, 202 pp. -Edwin Jurriëns, Philip Kitley, Television, nation, and culture in Indonesia. Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Center for International Studies, 2000, xviii + 411 pp. [Research in International Studies, Southeast Asia Series 104.] -Gerrit Knaap, Scott Merrillees, Batavia in nineteenth century photographs. Richmond, Surrey: Curzon, 2000, 282 pp. -C.C. MacKnight, David Bulbeck ,Land of iron; The historical archaelogy of Luwu and the Cenrana valley; Results of the Origin of Complex Society in South Sulawesi Project (OXIS. Hull and Canberra: Centre for South-East Asian Studies, University of Hull / School of Archaeology and Anthropology, Australian National University, 2000, vi + 141 pp., Ian Caldwell (eds -Niels Mulder, Toh Goda, Political culture and ethnicity; An anthropological study in Southeast Asia. Quezon City: New Day, 1999, xviii + 182 pp. -Niels Mulder, Norman G. Owen, The Bikol blend; Bikolanos and their history. Quezon City: New Day, 1999, x + 291 pp. -Anton Ploeg, Donald Tuzin, Social complexity in the making; A case study among the Arapesh of New Guinea. London: Routledge, 2001, xii + 159 pp. -Henk Schulte-Nordholt, Maarten Kuitenbrouwer, Tussen oriëntalisme en wetenschap; Het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde in historisch verband 1851-2001. Leiden: KITLV Uitgeverij, 2001, ix + 362 pp. -Sri Margana, Peter Carey ,The archive of Yogyakarta, Volume II, Documents relating to economic and agrarian affairs. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000, 566 pp., Mason C. Hoadley (eds -Eric Venbrux, Wilfried van Damme, Bijdragen over kunst en cultuur in Oceanië/Studies in Oceanic Art and Culture. Gent: Academia Press, 2000, 122 pp. -Edwin Wieringa, Raharjo Suwandi, A quest for justice; The millenary aspirations of a contemporary Javanese wali. Leiden: KITLV Press, 2000, x + 229 pp

  16. Multidimensional Space-Time Methodology for Development of Planetary and Space Sciences, S-T Data Management and S-T Computational Tomography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andonov, Zdravko

    This R&D represent innovative multidimensional 6D-N(6n)D Space-Time (S-T) Methodology, 6D-6nD Coordinate Systems, 6D Equations, new 6D strategy and technology for development of Planetary Space Sciences, S-T Data Management and S-T Computational To-mography. . . The Methodology is actual for brain new RS Microwaves' Satellites and Compu-tational Tomography Systems development, aimed to defense sustainable Earth, Moon, & Sun System evolution. Especially, extremely important are innovations for monitoring and protec-tion of strategic threelateral system H-OH-H2O Hydrogen, Hydroxyl and Water), correspond-ing to RS VHRS (Very High Resolution Systems) of 1.420-1.657-22.089GHz microwaves. . . One of the Greatest Paradox and Challenge of World Science is the "transformation" of J. L. Lagrange 4D Space-Time (S-T) System to H. Minkovski 4D S-T System (O-X,Y,Z,icT) for Einstein's "Theory of Relativity". As a global result: -In contemporary Advanced Space Sciences there is not real adequate 4D-6D Space-Time Coordinate System and 6D Advanced Cosmos Strategy & Methodology for Multidimensional and Multitemporal Space-Time Data Management and Tomography. . . That's one of the top actual S-T Problems. Simple and optimal nD S-T Methodology discovery is extremely important for all Universities' Space Sci-ences' Education Programs, for advances in space research and especially -for all young Space Scientists R&D!... The top ten 21-Century Challenges ahead of Planetary and Space Sciences, Space Data Management and Computational Space Tomography, important for successfully de-velopment of Young Scientist Generations, are following: 1. R&D of W. R. Hamilton General Idea for transformation all Space Sciences to Time Sciences, beginning with 6D Eukonal for 6D anisotropic mediums & velocities. Development of IERS Earth & Space Systems (VLBI; LLR; GPS; SLR; DORIS Etc.) for Planetary-Space Data Management & Computational Planetary & Space Tomography. 2. R&D of S. W. Hawking Paradigm for 2D

  17. Biomass and fishing potential yield of demersal resources from the outer shelf and upper slope of southern Brazil Biomasa y rendimiento potencial pesquero de recursos demersales de la plataforma externa y talud superior del sur de Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Haimovici

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The relative abundance and fishing potential of the commercially valuable fishes and cephalopods with marketable size was assessed using two seasonal bottom trawl surveys performed in 2001 and 2002 on the outer shelf and upper slope (100-600 m depth off the coast of southern Brazil. These surveys were part of REVIZEE, a national program designed to assess the fishery potential within the Economic Exclusive Zone. Of the 228 fish and cephalopod species caught during the surveys, only 27 species and genera were considered to be of commercial interest. Commercial-sized individuals of these species made up 52.3% of the total catch. The total biomass was estimated to be 167,193 ton (± 22% and 165,460 ton (± 25% in the winter-spring and summer-autumn surveys, respectively. The most abundant species were the Argentine short-fin squid Illex argentinas, a species with highly variable recruitment, followed by the Argentine hake Merluccius hubbsi, the gulf-hake Urophycis mystacea, and the monkfish Lophius gastrophysus. The latter three were intensively fished prior to the surveys, as well as the beardfish Polymixia lowei and silvery John dory Zenopsis conchifera, both relatively abundant but with a very low market value. The potential yield of the demersal fish species, not considering Illex argentinus, estimated with the Gulland equation for a mean natural mortality of M = 0.31, was 20,460 ton. When considering only Merluccius hubbsi, Urophycis mystacea, and Lophius gastrophysus, the potential yield decreased to 6,625 ton. The surveys showed that the fishery potential of the outer shelf and upper slope was substantially lower than that of the inner shelf. Therefore, this environment should be carefully monitored to avoid overfishing and fast depletion.Se evaluó la abundancia relativa y el potencial pesquero de peces y cefalópodos de especies y tamaños de valor comercial en dos muéstreos estacionales con redes de arrastre de fondo realizados en los a

  18. Obituary: Norman Hodgson Baker, Jr., 1931-2005

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helfand, David J.

    2005-12-01

    a decade. His scrupulous integrity and forthright honesty served him, and the Society, well. Despite his scathing intolerance for administrative stupidity, he also managed to complete successfully a term as Chair of the Department of Astronomy. (This author, who currently holds the Chair and shares the intolerance, has yet to fathom the gracious equanimity Norm displayed.) His early interest in brewing beer during graduate school at Cornell (where he co-founded the Old Undershirt Brewing Company) was transformed in later life into an expertise in German wines. The precision that marked his research extended to every aspect of his private life. I had the distinct pleasure of subletting his apartment during my first year on the faculty at Columbia while he was on leave in Europe. We spent most of the year trying to imagine how we could ever restore it to the state of perfect organization in which we found it. Norm is survived by his wife and constant companion of thirty years, psychiatrist Doris Blum Nagel, by his sister Dr. Jean Trousdale, and brother Dr. Richard C. Baker, two nieces, three nephews, and by several generations of undergraduates, graduate students, postdocs, and colleagues who hold fond memories of his patience, kindness, humor, and quiet "joie de vivre".

  19. Comparative EPMA and μXRF methods for mapping micro-scale distribution of iodine in bio-carbonates of the Callovian-Oxfordian clayey formation at Bure, Eastern part of the Paris Basin

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lerouge, C.; Claret, F.; Wille, G.; Beny, C.; Gaucher, E.C.; Tournassat, C.; Denecke, M.A.; Falkenberg, G.; Ramboz, C.; Giffaut, E.

    2010-01-01

    celestite. EPMA analyses performed along transects in the shell provided evidence of an heterogeneous iodine distribution in the shell, with 17% of recorded values in the Rhynchonella shell and 32% of values in the bivalve shell lying above the detection limit. 4 and 8 % of values in Rhynchonella and bivalve shells, respectively, are above 1000 ppm, i.e. five-fold above the detection limit. It is important to note that for the same analytical conditions, the impact of the beam was larger and deeper in preserved bio-carbonate than in recrystallized calcite. Principal component analysis (PCA) method applied to the EPMA data did not give evidence of any correlation between iodine and the other probed elements. The μ-XRF experiments were performed at Beamline L of the DORIS III synchrotron ring, which is operated by the Hamburg Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory HASYLAB at the German Electron Synchrotron DESY. An incident beam from a Ni/C multi-player, with a narrow wavelength range centered at 0.34 A, focused using a single bounce elliptical capillary is used for excitation. Ca (Kα), Fe (Kα), Sr (Kα) and S (Kα) distribution maps were measured using a Si-drift detector, whereas iodine (Kα) maps were performed using a Si(Li) detector with a 400 μm Al-filter. Iodine was measured using its Kα X-ray emission line to avoid the interference between I-L and Ca-K X-ray lines. Elemental maps were recorded on polished thin sections at areas previously analysed by EPMA, a 420 μm x 620 μm area of well-preserved Rhynchonella shell and a 360 μm x 280 μm of recrystallized bivalve shell. The I-Kα map showed a homogeneous distribution of iodine in the well-preserved Rhynchonella shell. In contrast, a heterogeneous distribution of iodine was observed in recrystallized calcite. The intensity of the I-Kα X-ray emission line was generally higher in spectra from well-preserved Rhynchonella shell compared to pixels exhibiting iodine content in the recrystallized bivalve shell. In the

  20. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available -Leonard Y. Andaya, Michel Jacq-Hergoualc'h, The Malay Peninsula; Crossroads of the maritime silk road (100 BC-1300 AD. [Translated by Victoria Hobson.] Leiden: Brill, 2002, xxxv + 607 pp. [Handbook of oriental studies, 13. -Greg Bankoff, Resil B. Mojares, The war against the Americans; Resistance and collaboration in Cebu 1899-1906. Quezon city: Ateneo de Manila University, 1999, 250 pp. -R.H. Barnes, Andrea Katalin Molnar, Grandchildren of the Ga'e ancestors; Social organization and cosmology among the Hoga Sara of Flores. Leiden: KITLV Press, 2000, xii + 306 pp. [Verhandeling 185.] -Peter Boomgaard, Emmanuel Vigneron, Le territoire et la santé; La transition sanitaire en Polynésie francaise. Paris: CNRS Éditions, 1999, 281 pp. [Espaces et milieux.] -Clara Brakel-Papenhuyzen, Raechelle Rubinstein, Beyond the realm of the senses; The Balinese ritual of kekawin composition. Leiden: KITLV Press, 2000, xv + 293 pp. [Verhandelingen 181.] -Ian Caldwell, O.W. Wolters, History, culture, and region in Southeast Asian perspectives. Ithaca, NY: Southeast Asia program, Cornell University/Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian studies, 1999, 272 pp. [Studies on Southeast Asia 26.] -Peter van Diermen, Jonathan Rigg, More than the soil; Rural change in Southeast Asia. Harlow, Essex: Prentice Hall / Pearson education, 2001, xv + 184 pp. -Guy Drouot, Martin Stuart-Fox, Historical dictionary of Laos. Second edition. Lanham, Maryland: The Scarecrow Press, 2001, lxi + 527 pp. [Asian/Oceanian historical dictionaries series 35.] [First edition 1992.] -Doris Jedamski, Elsbeth Locher-Scholten, Women and the colonial state; Essays on gender and modernity in the Netherlands Indies 1900-1942. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2000, 251 pp. -Carool Kersten, Robert Hampson, Cross-cultural encounters in Joseph Conrad's Malay fiction. Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2000, xi + 248 pp. -Victor T. King, C. Michael Hall ,Tourism in South and Southeast Asia; Issues and cases

  1. Segnalazioni/Informes/Rapports/Reports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emanuele Monegato

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Ana Forcinito, Los umbrales del testimonio. Entre narraciones de los sobrevivientes y las señas de la posdictadura, Madrid/Frankfurt am Main, Iberoamericana/Vervuert, 2012, 179 pp. ISBN 978-84-8489-696-8 Andrea Pezzè e Loris Tassi (eds., Cinema e Letteratura in ambito iberico e iberoamericano: Giornata di Studi in omaggio al Prof. Vito Galeota, Salerno, Edizioni Arcoiris, 2010, 146 pp. ISBN 978-88-96583-19-7 Chris Cleave, Gold, London, Sceptre, 2012, 366 pp. ISBN 978-0-340-96344-9 Chris Cook (ed., The Routledge Guide to European Political Archives. Sources Since 1945 , London, Routledge, 2011, 480 pp. ISBN 078-0-415-46475-8 Cristina Giorcelli ed Ettore Finazzi-Agró (eds., Metamorfosi. Continuità e discontinuità nelle Culture Americane, Napoli, Loffredo Editore, 2011, 428 pp. ISBN 978-8-87564-550-2 Daniel Mesa Gancedo (ed., Novísima Relación. Narrativa amerispánica actual. Estudio, selección y materiales complementarios, Zaragoza, Letra Última, 2012, 343 pp. ISBN 978-84-9911-185-8 Darío Jaramillo Agudelo (ed., Antología de crónica latinoamericana actual, Madrid, Alfaguara, 2012, 650 pp. ISBN 978-84-204-0895-8 Edilberto Jiménez Quispe, Chungui. Violencia y trazos de memoria, Lima, IEP, COMISEDH, DED-ZFD, 2009, 417 pp. ISBN 978-9972-51-248-3 Ester Gendusa, Asimmetrie di genere e di razza in The Grass is Singing di Doris Lessing, Roma, Aracne Editrice, 2011, 204pp. ISBN 978-88-548-3898-7 Janett Reinstädler, ed., Escribir después de la dictadura. La producción literaria y cultural en las posdictaduras de Europa e Hispanoamérica, Madrid/Frankfurt am Main, Iberoamericana/Vervuert, 2011, 372 pp. ISBN 978-84-8489-619-7 John Aberth, An Environmental History of the Middle Ages. The War for Nature, London, Routledge, 2011, 192 pp. ISBN 978-0-415-77946-3 John Stevenson (ed., English Historical Documents. 1914-1957, London, Routledge, 2012, 928 pp. ISBN 978-0-415-47603-4 Jorge Carrión (ed., Mejor que ficción. Crónicas ejemplares

  2. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2001-07-01

    Full Text Available -Stanley L. Engerman, Heather Cateau ,Capitalism and slavery fifty years later: Eric Eustace Williams - A reassessment of the man and his work. New York: Peter Lang, 2000. xvii + 247 pp., S.H.H. Carrington (eds -Philip D. Morgan, B.W. Higman, Writing West Indian histories. London: Macmillan Caribbean, 1999. xiv + 289 pp. -Daniel Vickers, Alison Games, Migration and the origins of the English Atlantic world. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press, 1999. xiii + 322 pp. -Christopher L. Brown, Andrew Jackson O'Shaughnessy, An empire divided: The American revolution and the British Caribbean. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2000. xviii + 357 pp. -Lennox Honychurch, Samuel M. Wilson, The indigenous people of the Caribbean. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1997. xiv + 253 pp. -Kenneth Bilby, Bev Carey, The Maroon story: The authentic and original history of the Maroons in the history of Jamaica 1490-1880. St. Andrew, Jamaica: Agouti Press, 1997. xvi + 656 pp. -Bernard Moitt, Doris Y. Kadish, Slavery in the Caribbean Francophone world: Distant voices, forgotten acts, forged identities. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2000. xxiii + 247 pp. -Michael J. Guasco, Virginia Bernhard, Slaves and slaveholders in Bermuda, 1616-1782. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1999. xviii + 316 pp. -Michael J. Jarvis, Roger C. Smith, The maritime heritage of the Cayman Islands. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2000. xxii + 230 pp. -Paul E. Hoffman, Peter R. Galvin, Patterns of pillage: A geography of Caribbean-based piracy in Spanish America, 1536-1718. New York: Peter Lang, 1999. xiv + 271 pp. -David M. Stark, Raúl Mayo Santana ,Cadenas de esclavitud...y de solidaridad: Esclavos y libertos en San Juan,siglo XIX. Río Piedras: Centro de Investigaciones Sociales, Universidad de Puerto Rico, 1997. 204 pp., Mariano Negrón Portillo, Manuel Mayo López (eds -Ada Ferrer, Philip A. Howard, Changing history: Afro-Cuban Cabildos and

  3. Making Immigrants into Criminals: Legal Processes of Criminalization in the Post-IIRIRA Era

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leisy Abrego

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available During a post-election TV interview that aired mid-November 2016, then President-Elect Donald Trump claimed that there are millions of so-called “criminal aliens” living in the United States: “What we are going to do is get the people that are criminal and have criminal records, gang members, drug dealers, we have a lot of these people, probably two million, it could be even three million, we are getting them out of our country or we are going to incarcerate.” This claim is a blatant misrepresentation of the facts. A recent report by the Migration Policy Institute suggests that just over 800,000 (or 7 percent of the 11 million undocumented individuals in the United States have criminal records. Of this population, 300,000 individuals are felony offenders and 390,000 are serious misdemeanor offenders — tallies which exclude more than 93 percent of the resident undocumented population (Rosenblum 2015, 22-24.[1] Moreover, the Congressional Research Service found that 140,000 undocumented migrants — or slightly more than 1 percent of the undocumented population — are currently serving time in prison in the United States (Kandel 2016. The facts, therefore, are closer to what Doris Meissner, former Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS Commissioner, argues: that the number of “criminal aliens” arrested as a percentage of all fugitive immigration cases is “modest” (Meissner et al. 2013, 102-03. The facts notwithstanding, President Trump’s fictional tally is important to consider because it conveys an intent to produce at least this many people who — through discourse and policy — can be criminalized and incarcerated or deported as “criminal aliens.” In this article, we critically review the literature on immigrant criminalization and trace the specific laws that first linked and then solidified the association between undocumented immigrants and criminality. To move beyond a legal, abstract context, we also draw on

  4. Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Santamaría Ulloa

    2014-01-01

    ón para el monitoreo de los derechos de los adultos mayores de Argentina y Uruguay, basado en el enfoque de los derechos humanos.El quinto artículo científico realiza una evaluación de la energía y los macronutrientes de la alimentación servida a niños y niñas menores de seis años en centros de cuido y hogares comunitarios de la Gran Área Metropolitana de Costa Rica; en él, Zúñiga y Fernández concluyen que la mayoría de los platos servidos a esta población de estudio no cumplen con el aporte de energía recomendado, mientras que el aporte de carbohidratos superó las recomendaciones en todos los centros estudiados.El sexto artículo nos traslada a México; en él, Reyes y Álvarez evalúan los programas de formación de promotores para la prevención y el control de la tuberculosis en la región fronteriza de Chiapas. Las autoras elaboran sus conclusiones en torno a la importancia de la participación comunitaria para definir el problema de la tuberculosis y reflexionar sobre los posibles caminos a seguir. Se demuestra la eficacia de la capacitación de promotores y su utilidad en el proceso de tratamiento de la tuberculosis a nivel comunitario.Nuestra sección de documentos históricos es un homenaje póstumo a la Dra. Doris Sosa Jara, quien fue decana de la Facultad de Ciencias Económicas de la Universidad de Costa Rica por espacio de ocho años, además de activa colaboradora de esta revista. Luis Rosero hace una caracterización del aporte académico de la Dra. Sosa, y nos recuerda su carrera profesional y las cualidades humanas que siempre la caracterizaron.De parte del Comité Editorial de Población y Salud en Mesoamérica, les extendemos las más sinceras gracias a todos los autores por elegirnos como portal electrónico para la publicación de sus estudios académicos e investigaciones, y a los lectores, quienes son los que nos alientan a continuar trabajando para mejorar la calidad de nuestras publicaciones.

  5. Especially for High School Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emory Howell, J.

    1999-11-01

    teachers to attend the conference. High school teachers who wish to attend, whether within the 300-mile radius or beyond, are encouraged to contact their local section of the ACS. Information about local sections can be found on the Web at www.acs.org. See p 1482 for more information about the conference, including deadlines for proposals and abstracts and for the conference Web site address. Secondary School Feature Articles * The Chemistry of Modern Dental Filling Materials, by John W. Nicholson and H. Mary Anstice, p 1497 * JCE Classroom Activity #21: Hunting for Chemicals in Consumer Products, p 1504A, by Arthur M. Last * Science for Kids Outreach Programs, by Birgit G. Koehler, Lee Y. Park, and Lawrence J. Kaplan, p 1505 *Henry's Law and Noisy Knuckles by Doris R. Kimbrough, p 1509 *Investigating the Cuprammonium Rayon Process in a High School Laboratory, by Lauren J. Pickard and Mary E. Harris, p 1512 * Lightstick Kinetics, by Charles E. Roser and Catherine L. McCluskey, p 1514

  6. ROSAT Discovers Unique, Distant Cluster of Galaxies

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-06-01

    measured (by obtaining spectra of the arcs and measuring their redshift). The masses of galaxy clusters are important for the determination, for instance of the mean density and distribution of matter in the universe. This is because these clusters are the most massive, clearly defined objects known and as such trace these parameters in the universe on very large scales. Another possibility to derive the cluster mass is offered by X-ray observations, because the distribution of the hot, X-ray emitting gas traces the gravitational field of the cluster. Recently, in some clusters there has been a discrepancy between the mass determined in this way and that found from gravitational lensing effects. The team of astronomers now hopes that follow-up X-ray observations of RXJ1347.5-1145 will help to solve this puzzle. Moreover, the combination of extremely high X-ray brightness and the possibility to perform a rather accurate mass determination by the gravitational lensing effect makes this particular cluster a truly unique object. In view of the exceptional X-ray brightness, a very high mass is expected. The exact determination will be possible, as soon as spectra have been obtained of the two arcs. Contrary to what is the case in other clusters, this will not be so difficult, due to their unusual brightness and their ideal geometrical configuration. [1] This is a joint Press Release of ESO and the Max-Planck-Society. It is accompanied by a B/W photo. [2] The investigation described in this Press Release is the subject of a Letter to the Editor which will soon appear in the European journal Astronomy & Astrophysics, with the following authors: Sabine Schindler (Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik and Max-Planck-Institut fuer Astrophysik, Garching, Germany), Hans Boehringer, Doris M. Neumann and Ulrich G. Briel (Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik, Garching, Germany), Luigi Guzzo (Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, Merate, Italy), Guido Chincarini

  7. The study of environmental impact quotient (EIQ of pesticides used in wheat and barley farms in Mashhad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L maleki

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Introduction The environmental impact quotient (EIQ developed by Kovach et al (1992 is used an effort to fill an important gap; i.e. the need to provide farmers and others with easy-to-use information about the adverse effects of pesticides. It represents a method for calculating the environmental impacts of pesticides, and the values obtained from these calculations can be used to compare different pesticides and pest management programs with each other to ultimately determine which program or pesticide is likely to have the lowest environmental impact. The EIQ value for a particular active ingredient is calculated according to a formula that includes parameters for toxicity (dermal, chronic, bird, bee, fish, and beneficial arthropod, soil half-life, systemicity, leaching potential, and plant surface half-life. Each of these parameters is given a rating of 1, 3 or 5 to reflect its potential of causing harm. Six of these ratings are based on measured or known properties and the other five are based on judgments according to their potentially low, moderate or severe impact. Since the EIQ value is mainly a hazard indicator, additional calculations are required to obtain an indication of the pesticide risk. To account for exposure, an equation called the Field Use EIQ has been developed. This rating is calculated by multiplying the EIQ value for a specific chemical from the tables by the percent active ingredient in the formulation and its dosage rate used per hectare (usually in liters or kilograms of the formulated product. EIQ is used in different studies to compare the environmental effects of different pesticides and/or different production systems (Avila et al., 2011; Doris et al., 2011; Gallivan et al., 2001; Macharia et al., 2009. The aim of this study was to evaluate management strategies in using pesticides in wheat and barley farms in the city of Mashhad located in the Khorasan Razavi province in Iran. Materials and Methods Data related

  8. Guidelines, editors, pharma and the biological paradigm shift.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Ajai R; Singh, Shakuntala A

    2007-01-01

    techniques of the upstart new entrant. Secrecy of marketing/sales tactics, of the process of manufacture, of other strategies and plans of business expansion, of strategies to tackle competition are fine business tactics. But it is critical that secrecy as a tactic not extend to reporting of research findings, especially those contrary to one's product.Pharma has no option but to make a quality product, do comprehensive adverse reaction profiles, and market it only if it passes both tests.Why does pharma adopt questionable tactics? The reasons are essentially two:What with all the constraints, a drug comes to the pharmacy after huge investments. There are crippling overheads and infrastructure costs to be recovered. And there are massive profit margins to be maintained. If these were to be dependent only on genuine drug discoveries, that would be taking too great a risk.Industry players have to strike the right balance between profit making and credibility. In profit making, the marketing champions play their role. In credibility ratings, researchers and paid spokes-persons play their role. All is hunky dory till marketing is based on credibility. When there is nothing available to make for credibility, something is projected as one and marketing carried out, in the calculated hope that profits can accrue, since profit making must continue endlessly. That is what makes pharma adopt even questionable means to make profits.Essentially, there are four types of drugs. First, drugs that work and have minimal side-effects; second, drugs which work but have serious side-effects; third, drugs that do not work and have minimal side-effects; and fourth, drugs which work minimally but have serious side-effects. It is the second and fourth types that create major hassles for industry. Often, industry may try to project the fourth type as the second to escape censure.The major cat and mouse game being played by conscientious researchers is in exposing the third and fourth for what they

  9. Preface: SciDAC 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stevens, Rick

    2008-07-01

    scenes an enormous amount of work is required to make a large conference go smoothly. First I thank Cheryl Zidel for her tireless efforts as organizing committee liaison and posters chair and, in general, handling all of my end of the program and keeping me calm. I also thank Gail Pieper for her work in editing the proceedings, Beth Cerny Patino for her work on the Organizing Committee website and electronic theater, and Ken Raffenetti for his work in keeping that website working. Jon Bashor and John Hules did an excellent job in handling conference communications. I thank Caitlin Youngquist for the striking graphic design; Dan Fay for tutorials arrangements; and Lynn Dory, Suzanne Stevenson, Sarah Pebelske and Sarah Zidel for on-site registration and conference support. We all owe Yeen Mankin an extra-special thanks for choosing the hotel, handling contracts, arranging menus, securing venues, and reassuring the chair that everything was under control. We are pleased to have obtained corporate sponsorship from Cray, IBM, Intel, HP, and SiCortex. I thank all the speakers and panel presenters. I also thank the former conference chairs Tony Metzzacappa, Bill Tang, and David Keyes, who were never far away for advice and encouragement. Finally, I offer my thanks to Michael Strayer, without whose leadership, vision, and persistence the SciDAC program would not have come into being and flourished. I am honored to be part of his program and his friend. Rick Stevens Seattle, Washington July 18, 2008

  10. Explanation of observable secular variations of gravity and alternative methods of determination of drift of the center of mass of the Earth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barkin, Yury

    2010-05-01

    conditionally corresponded to the geocenter of the Earth approximately determined by position of stations of satellite observations, as the center of certain mantle systems of coordinates Oxyz. For an explanation of such significant drift of the center of mass of the Earth the mechanism of the unidirectional displacement of the core of the Earth (and its center of mass) relatively to a viscoelastic mantle [1, 2] has been offered. The next years attempts of determination of velocity of secular drift of the center of mass in the mantle reference frame by methods of a space geodesy on the basis of precision satellite observations were repeatedly undertaken. In our work [3] for determination of a trend of the center of mass the data of the International Service of Rotation of the Earth (IERS) for satellite observations of system DORIS have been used. For components of velocity of drift in geocentric Greenwich system of coordinates for period 1999-2007 estimations have been obtained: on coordinate x) -1.46 mm/yr, y) 0.79 mm/yr and z) 5.29 mm/yr (errors of the specified estimations make 5-10 %). The velocity of trend of the center of mass of the Earth and its direction are characterized by values: 5.54 mm/yr; latitude 72°6 N and a longitude 118°4 E. The direction of displacement of the center of mass will well be coordinated with a direction predicted earlier theoretically [2]: latitude 70° N and a longitude 104° E. We shall emphasize, that observable redistributions of superficial masses of the Earth explain only small part of observable displacement of the center of mass. It testifies in favour of a reality of secular relative displacement of the core and the mantle of the Earth. 2 Secular drift of the core to the North and variations of a gravity on the Earth surface. The displaced core of the Earth is characterized by the large superfluous mass approximately in 16.7 masses of the Moon. The superfluous mass is ditermined by contrast values of average densities of the core and

  11. S-N secular ocean tide: explanation of observably coastal velocities of increase of a global mean sea level and mean sea levels in northern and southern hemispheres and prediction of erroneous altimetry velocities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barkin, Yury

    2010-05-01

    The phenomenon of contrast secular changes of sea levels in the southern and northern hemispheres, predicted on the basis of geodynamic model about the forced relative oscillations and displacements of the Earth shells, has obtained a theoretical explanation. In northern hemisphere the mean sea level of ocean increases with velocity about 2.45±0.32 mm/yr, and in a southern hemisphere the mean sea level increases with velocity about 0.67±0.30 mm/yr. Theoretical values of velocity of increase of global mean sea level of ocean has been estimated in 1.61±0.36 mm/yr. 1 Introduction. The secular drift of the centre of mass of the Earth in the direction of North Pole with velocity about 12-20 mm/yr has been predicted by author in 1995 [1], [2], and now has confirmed with methods of space geodesy. For example the DORIS data in period 1999-2008 let us to estimate velocity of polar drift in 5.24±0.29 mm/yr [3]. To explain this fundamental planetary phenomenon it is possible only, having admitted, that similar northern drift tests the centre of mass of the liquid core relatively to the centre of mass of viscous-elastic and thermodynamically changeable mantle with velocity about 2-3 cm/yr in present [4]. The polar drift of the Earth core with huge superfluous mass results in slow increase of a gravity in northern hemisphere with a mean velocity about 1.4 ?Gal and to its decrease approximately with the same mean velocity in southern hemisphere [5]. This conclusion-prediction has obtained already a number of confirmations in precision gravimetric observations fulfilled in last decade around the world [6]. Naturally, a drift of the core is accompanied by the global changes (deformations) of all layers of the mantle and the core, by inversion changes of their tension states when in one hemisphere the tension increases and opposite on the contrary - decreases. Also it is possible that thermodynamical mechanism actively works with inversion properties of molting and

  12. EDITORIAL: Colloidal dispersions in external fields Colloidal dispersions in external fields

    Science.gov (United States)

    Löwen, Hartmut

    2012-11-01

    ller, Bastian Sieber, Holger Schweinfurth, Holger Reiber and Gerhard Nägele Electrokinetics on superhydrophobic surfacesPeriklis Papadopoulos, Xu Deng, Doris Vollmer and Hans-Jürgen Butt Numerical electrokineticsR Schmitz and B Dünweg Dielectric response of nanoscopic spherical colloids in alternating electric fields: a dissipative particle dynamics simulationJiajia Zhou and Friederike Schmid Self-assembly of colloidal particles into strings in a homogeneous external electric or magnetic fieldFrank Smallenburg, Hanumantha Rao Vutukuri, Arnout Imhof, Alfons van Blaaderen and Marjolein Dijkstra The nature of the laning transition in two dimensionsT Glanz and H Löwen Microscopic theory for anisotropic pair correlations in driven binary mixturesMatthias Kohl, Alexei V Ivlev, Philip Brandt, Gregor E Morfill and Hartmut Löwen Dynamics of individual colloidal particles in one-dimensional random potentials: a simulation studyRichard D L Hanes and Stefan U Egelhaaf An interacting dipole model to explore broadband transverse optical bindingMichael Mazilu, Andrew Rudhall, Ewan M Wright and Kishan Dholakia Comparison of 2D melting criteria in a colloidal systemPatrick Dillmann, Georg Maret and Peter Keim Effects of confinement and external fields on structure and transport in colloidal dispersions in reduced dimensionalityD Wilms, S Deutschländer, U Siems, K Franzrahe, P Henseler, P Keim, N Schwierz, P Virnau, K Binder, G Maret and P Nielaba Stochastic transport of particles across single barriersChristian Kreuter, Ullrich Siems, Peter Henseler, Peter Nielaba, Paul Leiderer and Artur Erbe A perspective on the interfacial properties of nanoscopic liquid dropsAlexandr Malijevský and George Jackson Controlling the wetting properties of the Asakura-Oosawa model and applications to spherical confinementA Statt, A Winkler, P Virnau and K Binder Crystalline multilayers of charged colloids in soft confinement: experiment versus theoryE C Oğuz, A Reinmüller, H J Schöpe, T Palberg, R

  13. 6th International Symposium on Molecular Allergology (ISMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christiane Hilger

    2016-10-01

    hypoallergenic variant of the major peanut allergen Ara h 2 for allergen-specific immunotherapy Angelika Tscheppe, Dieter Palmberger, Merima Bublin, Christian Radauer, Chiara Palladino, Barbara Gepp, Nina Lengger, Reingard Grabherr, Heimo Breiteneder P36 Mutagenesis of amino acids critical for calcium-binding leads to the generation of a hypoallergenic Phl p 7 variant Marianne Raith, Linda Sonnleitner, Doris Zach, Konrad Woroszylo, Margit Focke-Tejkl, Herbert Wank, Thorsten Graf, Annette Kuehn, Ines Swoboda P37 Are birch pollen allergen immunotherapy induced blocking antibodies protective for cross-reactive allergens? Claudia Asam, Sara Huber, Heidi Hofer, Roland Lang, Thomas Hawranek, Fátima Ferreira, Michael Wallner P38 High success of 58 subcutaneous immunotherapy for pets allergy in a polyallergic cohort of patients: a component resolved individually adapted treatment (CRIAT Fabienne Gay-Crosier P39 Neutrophils are potential antigen presenting cells in IgE- mediated allergy Dominika Polak, Birgit Nagl, Claudia Kitzmüller, Barbara Bohle P40 Characterization of allergen-specific CD8+ T cells in type I allergy Nazanin Samadi, Claudia Kitzmüller, Rene Geyeregger, Barbara Bohle, Beatrice Jahn-Schmid Poster Session 5: Molecular and cellular diagnostic tests P41 Nanofluidic-based biosensors allow quantification of total circulating IgE from a drop of blood in 5 minutes Aurélie Buchwalder, Ariel Gomez, Fabien Rebeaud, Iwan Märki P42 Allergen microarray for the analysis of serum IgE binding profile and allergenic activity Jaana Haka, Liisa Hattara, Marika Heikkinen, Merja H Niemi, Juha Rouvinen, Petri Saviranta, Pekka Mattila, Kristiina Takkinen, Marja-Leena Laukkanen P43 Generation of a well-characterized panel of periplaneta americana allergens for component resolved diagnosis Stephanie Eichhorn, Isabel Pablos, Bianca Kastner, Bettina Schweidler, Sabrina Wildner, Peter Briza, Jung-Won Park, Naveen Arora, Stefan Vieths, Gabriele Gadermaier, Fatima Ferreira P44 Improved