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Sample records for tio2 thin films

  1. TiO2 thin film photocatalyst

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YU Jiaguo

    2004-01-01

    It is well known that the photocatalytic activity of TiO2 thin films strongly depends on the preparing methods and post-treatment conditions, since they have a decisive influence on the chemical and physical properties of TiO2 thin films.Therefore, it is necessary to elucidate the influence of the preparation process and post-treatment conditions on the photocatalytic activity and surface microstructures of the films. This review deals with the preparation of TiO2 thin film photocatalysts by wet-chemical methods (such as sol-gel, reverse micellar and liquid phase deposition) and the comparison of various preparation methods as well as their advantage and disadvantage. Furthermore, it is discussed that the advancement of photocatalytic activity, super-hydrophilicity and bactericidal activity of TiO2 thin film photocatalyst in recent years.

  2. Properties of TiO2 Thin Films Prepared by Magnetron Sputtering

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    With rapid progressive application of TiO2 thin films, magnetron sputtering becomes a very interesting method to prepare such multi-functional thin films. This paper focuses on influences of various deposition processes and deposition rate on the structures and properties of TiO2 thin films. Anatase, rutile or amorphous TiO2 films with various crystalline structures and different photocatalytic, optical and electrical properties can be produced by varying sputtering gases, substrate temperature, annealing process, deposition rate and the characteristics of magnetron sputtering. This may in turn affect the functions of TiO2 films in many applications. Furthermore, TiO2-based composites films can overcome many limitations and improve the properties of TiO2 films.

  3. Effect of Microstructure of TiO2 Thin Films on Optical Band Gap Energy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TIAN Guang-Lei; HE Hong-Bo; SHAO Jian-Da

    2005-01-01

    @@ TiO2 coatings are prepared on fused silica with conventional electron beam evaporation deposition. After annealed at different temperatures for four hours, the spectra and XRD patterns of TiO2 thin film are obtained. XRD patterns reveal that only anatase phase can be observed in TiO2 coatings regardless of the different annealing temperatures, and with the increasing annealing temperature, the grain size gradually increases. The relationship between the energy gap and microstructure of anatase is determined and discussed. The quantum confinement effect is observed that with the increasing grain size of TiO2 thin film, the band gap energy shifts from 3.4eV to 3.21 eV. Moreover, other possible influence of the TiO2 thin-film microstructure, such as surface roughness and thin film absorption, on band gap energy is also expected.

  4. Thin nanostructured crystalline TiO 2 films and their applications in solar cells

    OpenAIRE

    Cheng, Yajun

    2007-01-01

    Research on thin nanostructured crystalline TiO2 films has attracted considerable interests because of their intriguing physical properties and potential applications in photovoltaics. Nanostructured TiO2 film plays an important role in the TiO2 based dye-sensitized solar cells because they act as a substrate for the adsorption of dye molecules and a matrix for the transportation of electrons as well. Thus they can influence the solar cell performance significantly. Consequently, the control ...

  5. A Novel Synthesis of Two-dimensional Nanopatterned TiO2 Thin Film

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ming Xian LIU; Li Hua GAN; Gen CHEN; Zi Jie XU; Zhi Xian HAO; Long Wu CHEN

    2006-01-01

    A novel two-dimensional nanopatterned TiO2 thin film has been synthesized through the interaction between cationic Gemini surfactant molecules and the prepared TiO2 colloid nanoparticles with average diameters of 8 nm by controlling the surface pressure of the monolayer. TEM photographs from the formed Gemini-TiO2 composite monolayer confirm that the prepared TiO2 film is of a branch nanopattem.

  6. Comparison of photocatalytic properties of TiO2 thin films and fibers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozdemir, Mehtap; Kurt, Metin; Ozyuzer, Lutfi; Aygun, Gulnur

    2016-10-01

    Efficiency of solar panels degrades as a result of organic contamination such as airborne particles, bird droppings and leaves. Any foreign object on photovoltaic panels reduces the sunlight entering the absorbing surface of the solar panels. Since this leads to a major problem decreasing in energy production, solar panels should be cleaned. The self-cleaning method can be preferred. There are some methods to clean the surface of solar panels. Among the self-cleaning materials, TiO2 is the most preferable ones because of its powerful photocatalytic properties. In this study, photocatalytic TiO2 were produced in two different nanostructures: nanofibers and thin films. TiO2 nanofibers were successfully produced by electrospinning. TiO2 thin films were fabricated by reactive magnetron sputtering technique. Both TiO2 nanofiber and thin film structures were heat-treated to form TiO2 in anatase phase at 600 °C for 2 h in air. Then, they were evaluated by SEM analyses for morphology, X-ray diffraction (XRD) analyses for phase structures, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) for the chemical state and atomic concentration, and UV-spectrometer for photocatalytic performance. The results indicate that photocatalytic and transmittance properties of TiO2 thin films are better than those of nanofibers. Consequently, TiO2 based thin films exhibit better performance for solar cell applications due to the surface cleanliness.

  7. Porous Anatase TiO2 Thin Films for NH3 Vapour Sensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ponnusamy, Dhivya; Madanagurusamy, Sridharan

    2015-12-01

    Anatase titanium dioxide (TiO2) thin films were deposited onto cleaned glass substrates by a direct current (DC) reactive magnetron sputtering technique for different deposition times from 10 min to 40 min, which resulted in films of different thicknesses. Characterization techniques, such as x-ray diffraction (XRD) and field emission-scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) were used to characterize the structural and morphological properties of the TiO2 thin films. XRD patterns showed the formation of (101) crystal anatase facets. The grain size values of the film increased with increased deposition time, and the films deposited at 40 min exhibited a porous structure. Anatase TiO2 thin films exhibited excellent sensing response, fast response and recovery time, as well as good stability and selectivity towards ammonia (NH3). The enhanced NH3 sensing behavior of anatase TiO2 films is attributed to the porous morphology and oxygen vacancies.

  8. Photoinduced properties of nanocrystalline TiO2 sol–gel derived thin films

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Akbar Eshaghi; Mahmoud Pakshir; Reza Mozaffarinia

    2010-08-01

    In this paper, nanostructure TiO2 thin films were deposited on glass substrates by sol–gel dip coating technique. X-ray diffraction and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy were used to determine film behaviour. The super-hydrophilicity was assessed by contact angle measurement. Photocatalytic properties of these films were evaluated by degradation of methylene blue under UV irradiation. The XRD pattern of TiO2 powder samples confirmed the presence of polycrystalline anatase phase with a crystal size of 17 nm. The results indicated that UV light irradiation had significant effect on super-hydrophilic and photocatalytic properties of TiO2 thin films.

  9. PHOTOCATALYTIC DEGRADATION OF WASTE WATER ON. THIN FILMS OF TiO2

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wu Zhenghuang

    2001-01-01

    The degradation of organic phosphorous pesticide waste water using thin films of TiO2, which was prepared in an atmospheric vertical chemical vapor deposition system, was studied. The results show that the wafer material for coating TiO2, the photocatalytic time, the TiO2 crystal phase, the pH value and the concentration of pesticides in waste water influence the degradation rate. These facts indicate some potential for photocatalytic treatment of waste water by utilizing sunlight.

  10. On the Crystal Structural Control of Sputtered TiO2 Thin Films.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jia, Junjun; Yamamoto, Haruka; Okajima, Toshihiro; Shigesato, Yuzo

    2016-12-01

    In this study, we focused on the origin on the selective deposition of rutile and anatase TiO2 thin films during the sputtering process. The observation on microstructural evolution of the TiO2 films by transmission electron microscopy revealed the coexistence of rutile and anatase TiO2 phases in the initial stage under the preferential growth conditions for the anatase TiO2; the observations further revealed that the anatase phase gradually dominated the crystal structure with increasing film thickness. These results suggest that the bombardment during the sputtering deposition did not obviously affect the TiO2 crystal structure, and this was also confirmed by off-axis magnetron sputtering experiments. We also investigated the mechanism of the effect of Sn impurity doping on the crystal structure using first-principles calculations. It is found that the formation energy of Sn-doped rutile TiO2 is lower than that of Sn-doped anatase TiO2; this suggests that the Sn-doped TiO2 favours the rutile phase. These results offer a guideline for the utilization of selective deposition of rutile and anatase TiO2 thin films in various industrial applications. PMID:27389344

  11. On the Crystal Structural Control of Sputtered TiO2 Thin Films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jia, Junjun; Yamamoto, Haruka; Okajima, Toshihiro; Shigesato, Yuzo

    2016-07-01

    In this study, we focused on the origin on the selective deposition of rutile and anatase TiO2 thin films during the sputtering process. The observation on microstructural evolution of the TiO2 films by transmission electron microscopy revealed the coexistence of rutile and anatase TiO2 phases in the initial stage under the preferential growth conditions for the anatase TiO2; the observations further revealed that the anatase phase gradually dominated the crystal structure with increasing film thickness. These results suggest that the bombardment during the sputtering deposition did not obviously affect the TiO2 crystal structure, and this was also confirmed by off-axis magnetron sputtering experiments. We also investigated the mechanism of the effect of Sn impurity doping on the crystal structure using first-principles calculations. It is found that the formation energy of Sn-doped rutile TiO2 is lower than that of Sn-doped anatase TiO2; this suggests that the Sn-doped TiO2 favours the rutile phase. These results offer a guideline for the utilization of selective deposition of rutile and anatase TiO2 thin films in various industrial applications.

  12. Deposition of Co-doped TiO2 Thin Films by sol-gel method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boutlala, A.; Bourfaa, F.; Mahtili, M.; Bouaballou, A.

    2016-03-01

    Cobalt doped TiO2 thin films have been prepared by sol-gel method onto glass substrate at room temperature. in this present work, we are interesting to study the effect of Cobalt doped TiO2 thin films.the concentration of Co was varied from 0 to 6%at .The obtained films have been annealed at 500°C for 2 hours. X-ray diffraction patterns showed that Co: TiO2 films are polycrystalline with a tetragonal anatase and orthorhombic brookite types structures. The surface morphologies of the TiO2 doped with cobalt thin films were evaluated by Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM). The optical properties were studied by mean of UV-visible and near infrared spectroscopy.The calculated optical band gap decreases from 3.30 to 2.96 eV with increasing Co doping.

  13. Preparation of TiO2 Thin Film and Its Antibacterial Activity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Wei-guo; CHEN An-min; ZHANG Qiang

    2004-01-01

    TiO2 nanometer thin films with photocatalytic antibacterial activity were prepared by the sol-gelmethod on fused quartz and soda lime glass precoated with a SiO2 layer. The thin films were characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy ( XPS ), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and X- ray diffraction ( XRD ). Theresults show that sodium and calcium diffusion into nascent TiO2 film is effectively retarded by the SiO2 layer pre-coated on the soda lime glass. The antibacterial activity of the films was determined. The crystalline of TiO2 nano-meter thin film has important effects on the antibacterial activity of the film.

  14. EFFECT OF ZnFe2O4 DOPING ON THE OPTICALPROPERTIES OF TiO2 THIN FILMS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李广海; 吴玉程; 张立德

    2001-01-01

    Amorphous TiO2 thin films and ZnFe2O4-doped TiO2 composite films were deposited by radio frequency magnetron sputtering. The effect of ZnFe2O4 doping on the optical properties of TiO2 thin films was reported. Our results show that the absorption edge of TiO2 thin films and composite films exhibits a blueshift with decreasing annealing temperature. The absorption edge of composite films has moved to a visible spectrum range, and a very large redshift occurs in comparison with TiO2 thin films. An enhanced photoluminescence was observed in ZnFe2O4-doped anatase TiO2 thin films at room temperature.

  15. Superhydrophilic graphene-loaded TiO2 thin film for self-cleaning applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anandan, Srinivasan; Rao, Tata Narasinga; Sathish, Marappan; Rangappa, Dinesh; Honma, Itaru; Miyauchi, Masahiro

    2013-01-01

    We develop a simple approach to fabricate graphene-loaded TiO(2) thin films on glass substrates by the spin-coating technique. Our graphene-loaded TiO(2) films were highly conductive and transparent and showed enhanced photocatalytic activities. More significantly, graphene/TiO(2) films displayed superhydrophilicity within a short time even under a white fluorescent light bulb, as compared to a pure TiO(2) film. The enhanced photocatalytic activity of graphene/TiO(2) films is attributed to its efficient charge separation, owing to electrons injection from the conduction band of TiO(2) to graphene. The electroconductivity of the graphene-loaded TiO(2) thin film also contributes to the self-cleaning function by its antifouling effect against particulate contaminants. The present study reveals the ability of graphene as a low cost cocatalyst instead of expensive noble metals (Pt, Pd), and further shows its capability for the application of self-cleaning coatings with transparency. The promising characteristics of (inexpensive, transparent, conductive, superhydrophilic, and highly photocatalytically active) graphene-loaded TiO(2) films may have the potential use in various indoor applications.

  16. Grain Size and Wettability of TiO2/SiO2 Photocatalytic Composite Thin Films

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The uniform transparent TiO2/SiO2 photocatalytic composite thin films are prepared by sol-gel method on the soda lime glass substrates, and characterized by UV-visible spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), BET surface area, FTIR spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). It was found that the addition of SiO2 to TiO2 thin films can suppress the grain growth of TiO2 crystal, increase the hydroxyl content on the surface of TiO2 films, lower the contact angle for water on TiO2 films and enhance the hydrophilic property of TiO2 films. The super-hydrophilic TiO2/SiO2 photocatalytic composite thin films with the contact angle of 0-° are obtained by the addition of 10%-20% SiO2 in mole fraction.

  17. Application of Pcvd Process to Uniform Coating of TiO2 Thin Films on Polypropylene Beads

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Dong-Joo; Pham, Hung Cuong; Kim, Kyo-Seon

    The growth of the TiO2 thin films coated on the polypropylene beads was analyzed experimentally in a rotating cylindrical plasma chemical vapor deposition (PCVD) reactor. The precursors for the thin films were generated by plasma reactions, and they deposited on the polypropylene beads to become the uniform thin films. The TiO2 thin films grow more quickly on the polypropylene beads by increasing the mass flow rate of TTIP, or the rotation speed of the reactor. The smaller number of polypropylene beads in the reactor increases the growth rate of the thin films. The high-quality TiO2 thin films can be coated on particles uniformly by using the rotating cylindrical PCVD process. The particles coated with high-quality TiO2 thin films can be applied to the removal of air and water pollutants by a photodegradation reaction of TiO2.

  18. Preparation and antimicrobial assay of ceramic brackets coated with TiO2 thin films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Shuai; Wang, Ye; Cao, Lin; Wang, Yu; Lin, Bingpeng; Lan, Wei

    2016-01-01

    Objective Different methods have been utilized to prevent enamel demineralization and other complications during orthodontic treatment. However, none of these methods can offer long-lasting and effective prevention of orthodontic complications or interventions after complications occur. Considering the photocatalytic effect of TiO2 on organic compounds, we hoped to synthesize a novel bracket with a TiO2 thin film to develop a photocatalytic antimicrobial effect. Methods The sol-gel dip coating method was used to prepare TiO2 thin films on ceramic bracket surfaces. Twenty groups of samples were composed according to the experimental parameters. Crystalline structure and surface morphology were characterized by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy, respectively; film thickness was examined with a surface ellipsometer. The photocatalytic properties under ultraviolet (UV) light irradiation were analyzed by evaluating the degradation ratio of methylene blue (MB) at a certain time. Antibacterial activities of selected thin films were also tested against Lactobacillus acidophilus and Candida albicans. Results Films with 5 coating layers annealed at 700℃ showed the greatest photocatalytic activity in terms of MB decomposition under UV light irradiation. TiO2 thin films with 5 coating layers annealed at 700℃ exhibited the greatest antimicrobial activity under UV-A light irradiation. Conclusions These results provide promising guidance in prevention of demineralization by increasing antimicrobial activities of film coated brackets. PMID:27226960

  19. Optical properties of TiO2 thin films after Ag ion implantation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Metal plasma ion implantation has being successfully developed for improving the electronic and optical properties of semiconductor materials. Prior to deposition, a TiO2 colloidal suspension was synthesized by microwave-induced thermal hydrolysis of the titanium tetrachloride aqueous solution. The TiO2 thin film was optimized to obtain a high-purity crystalline anatase phase by calcinations at 550 deg. C. The TiO2 coating was uniform without aggregation, which provided good photo conversion efficiency. Ag ion implantation into the as-calcined TiO2 thin films was conducted with 1 x 1015 ∼ 1 x 1016 ions/cm2 at 40 keV. The peak position and intensity of the photoluminescence and UV-Vis absorption spectra are quite sensitive to Ag doping. The optical characterization showed a shift in optical absorption wavelength towards infrared ray side, which was correlated with the structure variation of the Ag+ implanted TiO2. Due to the strong capability of forming compounds between the energetic silver ions and TiO2, the photoluminescence emission and UV-Vis absorption efficiencies were improved.

  20. Correlation of Photocatalysis and Photoluminescence Effect in Relation to the Surface Properties of TiO2:Tb Thin Films

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damian Wojcieszak

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper structural, optical, photoluminescence, and photocatalytic properties of TiO2 and TiO2:(2.6 at. % Tb thin films have been compared. Thin films were prepared by high-energy reactive magnetron sputtering process, which enables obtaining highly nanocrystalline rutile structure of deposited films. Crystallites sizes were 8.7 nm and 6.6 nm for TiO2 and TiO2:Tb, respectively. Surface of prepared thin films was homogenous with small roughness of ca. 7.2 and 2.1 nm in case of TiO2 and TiO2:Tb samples, respectively. Optical properties measurements have shown that the incorporation of Tb into TiO2 matrix has not changed significantly the thin films transparency. It also enables obtaining photoluminescence effect in wide range from 350 to 800 nm, what is unique phenomenon in case of TiO2 with rutile structure. Moreover, it has been found that the incorporation of 2.6 at. % of Tb has increased the photocatalytic activity more than two times as compared to undoped TiO2. Additionally, for the first time in the current state of the art, the relationship between photoluminescence effect, photocatalytic activity, and surface properties of TiO2:Tb thin films has been theoretically explained.

  1. Uniform coating of TiO2 thin films on particles by rotating cylindrical PCVD reactor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Dong-Joo; Baeg, Jin-Ook; Moon, Sang-Jin; Kim, Kyo-Seon

    2009-07-01

    We analyzed TiO2 thin film growth on glass particles in a rotating cylindrical plasma chemical vapor deposition (PCVD) reactor and numerically investigated the effects of several process variables on the film growth. An increase in titanium tetra-isopropoxide (TTIP) or O2 partial pressure can enhance the film growth rate on the particles because the concentration of TiO(x), which is the main precursor for thin film growth, becomes higher in the reactor. As the particle diameter decreases, the TiO(x) concentration increases and the thin film on the particles grows more quickly. The neutral-radical reaction between TTIP and O radicals for TiO(x) generation in TTIP + O2 plasmas can be important to enhance the thin film growth rate on the particles. The growth rate of TiO2 film predicted in this study was 1 approximately 20 nm/min, which is in good agreement with the published experimental results. This study suggests that a uniform TiO2 thin film on particles can be obtained by using a rotating cylindrical PCVD reactor. PMID:19916444

  2. The Photocatalytic and Antibacterial Activity of Cu-Doped TiO2 Thin Films

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weerachai SANGCHAY

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Thin films of TiO2 and TiO2 doped with Cu were prepared by sol-gel method. The prepared films were calcined at the temperature of 400 °C for 2 h with the heating rate of 10 °C/min. Physical properties as well as crystal compositions of the fabricated films were characterized by XRD, EDX SEM and AFM techniques. The results show that all samples have thickness range from 0.25 to 1.0 um. The film surfaces are typically uniform and dense with TiO2 nanoparticles. The photocatalytic activities of the thin films were also tested via the degradation of methylene blue (MB solution under UV irradiation. Finally, antibacterial activity efficiency was evaluated by the inactivation of E.coli. It was observed that higher Cu concentration gives better photocatalytic activity. With the highest dopant concentration investigated in this experiment (TiO2-1.0Cu condition the films show photocatalytic of 70 % and antibacterial activity of 100 %.

  3. Nanocrystalline TiO2 thin film electrodes prepared by common pressure hydrothermal method at low temperature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Chengyu; LIN Yuan; LI Xueping; WANG Zhengping; MA Yutao; ZHOU Xiaowen; FENG Shujing; XIAO Xurui

    2005-01-01

    Nanocrystalline TiO2 thin film electrodes have been prepared from mixed pastes of tetrabutyl titanate and nanocrystalline TiO2 particles by common pressure hydrothermal method at low temperature. The tetrabutyl titanate was hydrolyzed and crystallized into anatase TiO2 to interconnect nanocrystalline TiO2 particles and adhere them to conductive substrates, obtaining highly porous and mechanically stable TiO2 nanocrystalline film. The conversion efficiencies of the dye-sensitized solar cells based on prepared electrodes on conductive glass substrates and flexible substrates were 4.8% and 1.9% under illumination of 100 mW/cm2, respectively.

  4. TiO2 thin film based transparent flexible resistive switching random access memory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pham, Kim Ngoc; Dung Hoang, Van; Tran, Cao Vinh; Thang Phan, Bach

    2016-03-01

    In our work we have fabricated TiO2 based resistive switching devices both on transparent substrates (ITO, IGZO/glass) and transparent flexible substrate (ITO/PET). All devices demonstrate the reproducibility of forming free bipolar resistive switching with high transparency in the visible light range (∼80% at the wavelength of 550 nm). Particularly, transparent and flexible device exhibits stable resistive switching performance at the initial state (flat) and even after bending state up to 500 times with curvature radius of 10% compared to flat state. The achieved characteristics of resistive switching of TiO2 thin films seem to be promising for transparent flexible random access memory.

  5. Cytotoxicity Evaluation of Anatase and Rutile TiO2 Thin Films on CHO-K1 Cells in Vitro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blanca Cervantes

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Cytotoxicity of titanium dioxide (TiO2 thin films on Chinese hamster ovary (CHO-K1 cells was evaluated after 24, 48 and 72 h of culture. The TiO2 thin films were deposited using direct current magnetron sputtering. These films were post-deposition annealed at different temperatures (300, 500 and 800 °C toward the anatase to rutile phase transformation. The root-mean-square (RMS surface roughness of TiO2 films went from 2.8 to 8.08 nm when the annealing temperature was increased from 300 to 800 °C. Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM results showed that the TiO2 films’ thickness values fell within the nanometer range (290–310 nm. Based on the results of the tetrazolium dye and trypan blue assays, we found that TiO2 thin films showed no cytotoxicity after the aforementioned culture times at which cell viability was greater than 98%. Independently of the annealing temperature of the TiO2 thin films, the number of CHO-K1 cells on the control substrate and on all TiO2 thin films was greater after 48 or 72 h than it was after 24 h; the highest cell survival rate was observed in TiO2 films annealed at 800 °C. These results indicate that TiO2 thin films do not affect mitochondrial function and proliferation of CHO-K1 cells, and back up the use of TiO2 thin films in biomedical science.

  6. Photocatalytic performance of TiO2 immobilized on polystyrene (PS) thin film for mineralization of pollutants

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    A new photocatalyst, TiO2 powder immobilized on polystyrene (PS) thin films, was prepared using a novelmethod and its photocatalytic activity on the photodegradation of acridine dye in aqueous solution was tested. By thismethod, the crystal form and grain size of the immobilized TiO2 were well maintained. Compared with TiO2 powder, thephotocatalytic activity of TiO2/PS thin films was not significantly reduced. The catalyst is stable and can be reused severaltimes without the loss of activity, which makes wastewater treatment using this photocatalytic degradation technique of thisway possible in the practical application.

  7. Low Loss Sol-Gel TiO2 Thin Films for Waveguiding Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexis Fischer

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available TiO2 thin films were synthesized by sol-gel process: titanium tetraisopropoxide (TTIP was dissolved in isopropanol, and then hydrolyzed by adding a water/isopropanol mixture with a controlled hydrolysis ratio. The as prepared sol was deposited by “dip-coating” on a glass substrate with a controlled withdrawal speed. The obtained films were annealed at 350 and 500 °C (2 h. The morphological properties of the prepared films were analyzed by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM and Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM. The optical waveguiding properties of TiO2 films were investigated for both annealing temperature using m-lines spectroscopy. The refractive indices and the film thickness were determined from the measured effective indices. The results show that the synthesized planar waveguides are multimodes and demonstrate low propagation losses of 0.5 and 0.8 dB/cm for annealing temperature 350 and 500 °C, respectively.

  8. Micro-porous TiO2 thin films grown on surface of Ti substrate

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Xiao-hong; QIN Wei; JIANG Zhao-hua; HU Xin-guo; Li Qing-fen

    2004-01-01

    Microporous titanium dioxide thin films have been grown on titanium plates by the micro-plasma oxidation method with different current densities (4, 6, 10 and 14 A/dm2). X-ray diffraction, scanning electronic microscopy and UV-Vis spectrophotometry were used to characterize the films. It is found that the films grown are microporous and consist of crystalline titanium dioxide. The micropore size and the content of anatase and rutile TiO2 phase increase with the applied voltage. The relatively higher degradation efficiency for rhodamine B is obtained in the film produced with a current density of 10 A/dm2.

  9. Nano porous Al2O3-TiO2 thin film based humidity sensor prepared by spray pyrolysis technique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chandrashekara, H. D.; Angadi, Basavaraj; Ravikiran, Y. T.; Poornima, P.; Shashidhar, R.; Murthy, L. C. S.

    2016-05-01

    The nano porous surface structured TiO2 and Al2O3-TiO2 thin films were prepared using spray pyrolysis technique at 350°C. The XRD pattern of Al2O3-TiO2 film shows anatase phase and mixed phase of Al2TiO5. The surface morphology of films show a uniformly distributed nano porous structure. The elemental analysis through EDAX shows good stoichiometry. The sensitivity for humidity sensing were determined for both films of TiO2 and Al2O3-TiO2 and corresponding values are found to be 74.2% and 84.02%, this result reveal that Al2O3-TiO2 films shows higher sensing percent than the TiO2 due to the nano porous surface nature. The Al2O3-TiO2 film shows fast response time and long recovery time than the TiO2 film, this may be due to the meso-porous morphology of these films.

  10. Photoelectrocatalytic Degradation of Sodium Oxalate by TiO2/Ti Thin Film Electrode

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen-Yu Chang

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The photocatalytically active TiO2 thin film was deposited on the titanium substrate plate by chemical vapor deposition (CVD method, and the photoelectrocatalytic degradation of sodium oxalate was investigated by TiO2 thin film reactor prepared in this study with additional electric potential at 365 nm irradiation. The batch system was chosen in this experiment, and the controlled parameters were pH, different supporting electrolytes, applied additional potential, and different electrolyte solutions that were examined and discussed. The experimental results revealed that the additional applied potential in photocatalytic reaction could prohibit recombination of electron/hole pairs, but the photoelectrocatalytic effect was decreased when the applied electric potential was over 0.25 V. Among the electrolyte solutions added, sodium sulfate improved the photoelectrocatalytic effect most significantly. At last, the better photoelectrocatalytic degradation of sodium oxalate occurred at pH 3 when comparing the pH influence.

  11. Controlled formation of anatase and rutile TiO2 thin films by reactive magnetron sputtering

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damon Rafieian

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available We discuss the formation of TiO2 thin films via DC reactive magnetron sputtering. The oxygen concentration during sputtering proved to be a crucial parameter with respect to the final film structure and properties. The initial deposition provided amorphous films that crystallise upon annealing to anatase or rutile, depending on the initial sputtering conditions. Substoichiometric films (TiOx<2, obtained by sputtering at relatively low oxygen concentration, formed rutile upon annealing in air, whereas stoichiometric films formed anatase. This route therefore presents a formation route for rutile films via lower (<500 °C temperature pathways. The dynamics of the annealing process were followed by in situ ellipsometry, showing the optical properties transformation. The final crystal structures were identified by XRD. The anatase film obtained by this deposition method displayed high carriers mobility as measured by time-resolved microwave conductance. This also confirms the high photocatalytic activity of the anatase films.

  12. Preparation of TiO2-based nanotubes/nanoparticles composite thin film electrodes for their electron transport properties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The composite thin film electrodes were prepared with one-dimensional (1D) TiO2-B nanotubes (NTs) and zero-dimensional TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) based on different weight ratios. The electron transport properties of the NTs/NPs composite thin film electrodes applied for dye-sensitized solar cells had been investigated systematically. The results indicated that although the amount of dye adsorption decreased slightly, the devices with the NTs/NPs composite thin film electrodes could obtain higher open-circuit voltage and overall conversion efficiency compared to devices with pure TiO2 NPs electrodes by rational tuning the weight ratio of TiO2-B NTs and TiO2 NPs. When the weight ratio of TiO2-B NTs in the NTs/NPs composite thin film electrodes increased, the density of states and recombination rate decreased. The 1D structure of TiO2-B NTs can provide direct paths for electron transport, resulting in higher electron lifetime, electron diffusion coefficient and electron diffusion length. The composite thin film electrodes possess the merits of the rapid electron transport of TiO2-B NTs and the high surface area of TiO2 NPs, which has great applied potential in the field of photovoltaic devices. - Highlights: • The composite thin film electrodes (CTFEs) were prepared with nanotubes and nanoparticles. • The CTFEs possess the rapid electron transport and high surface area. • The CTFEs exhibit lower recombination rate and longer electron life time. • The CTFEs have great applied potential in the field of photovoltaic devices

  13. Flame-Made Pt-Loaded TiO2 Thin Films and Their Application as H2 Gas Sensors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weerasak Chomkitichai

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The hydrogen gas sensors were developed successfully using flame-made platinum-loaded titanium dioxide (Pt-loaded TiO2 nanoparticles as the sensing materials. Pt-loaded TiO2 thin films were prepared by spin-coating technique onto Al2O3 substrates interdigitated with Au electrodes. Structural and gas-sensing characteristics were examined by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM and showed surface morphology of the deposited film. X-ray diffraction (XRD patterns can be confirmed to be the anatase and rutile phases of TiO2. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM showed that Pt nanoparticles deposited on larger TiO2 nanoparticles. TiO2 films loaded with Pt nanoparticles were used as conductometric sensors for the detection of H2. The gas sensing of H2 was studied at the operating temperatures of 300, 350, and 400°C in dry air. It was found that 2.00 mol% Pt-loaded TiO2 sensing films showed higher response towards H2 gas than the unloaded film. In addition, the responses of Pt-loaded TiO2 films at all operating temperatures were higher than that of unloaded TiO2 film. The response increased and the response time decreased with increasing of H2 concentrations.

  14. Random lasing at the edge of a TiO2 nanotube thin film.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Shu; Shen, Zhenhua; Jiang, Bei; Chen, Xianfeng

    2016-07-01

    In this paper, we introduce a random laser in which lasing action is observed at the edge of a dye-doped TiO2 thin film. A TiO2 nanotube membrane serves as a disordered structure that enhances the optical multiple scattering effect, while Rhodamine 6G dissolved in ethylene glycol is used as a gain medium. In the experiment, a random laser with a low threshold is observed when optically pumped at the fringe of a TiO2 nanotube membrane, which makes it practical for microfluidic integration. Simulation results show that multiple scattered light between the nanotubes and ethylene glycol solution is more likely to form a resonance loop with the help of a random edge structure. This well interrupted the appearance of coherent spikes in the emission laser spectrum in the experiment. The edge random laser offers simplicity and convenience in both fabrication and operation, which makes it a promising component for optofluidic laser integration with TiO2 functional material. PMID:27409195

  15. PREPARATION AND SURFACE CHARACTERIZATION OF TiO2 THIN FILMS ON GLASS BY MAGNETRON SPUTTERING METHOD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    L.S. Yin; H. Shen; J.X. Zhang

    2002-01-01

    Ti thin films were firstly deposited on glass substrates by magnetron sputtering method,then sintered the Ti thin films in air atmosphere and finally TiO2 transparence thinfilms on glass substrates were obtained. The structure and surface morphologies ofthe thin films were characterized by X-ray diffraction and SEM. The growth processof the thin filns has been observed. The annealing time and annealing temperatureshave an affect on the growth of the films.

  16. Basella alba rubra spinach pigment-sensitized TiO2 thin film-based solar cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gokilamani, N.; Muthukumarasamy, N.; Thambidurai, M.; Ranjitha, A.; Velauthapillai, Dhayalan

    2015-03-01

    Nanocrystalline TiO2 thin films have been prepared by sol-gel dip coating method. The X-ray diffraction results showed that TiO2 thin films annealed at 400, 450 and 500 °C are of anatase phase and the peak corresponding to the (101) plane is present in all the samples. The grain size of TiO2 thin films was found to increase with increasing annealing temperature. The grain size is found to be 20, 25 and 33 nm for the films annealed at 400, 450 and 500 °C. The structure of the TiO2 nanocrystalline thin films have been examined by high-resolution transmission electron microscope, Raman spectroscopy and FTIR spectroscopy. TiO2 thin films were sensitized by natural dyes extracted from basella alba rubra spinach. It was found that the absorption peak of basella alba rubra extract is at about 665 nm. The dye-sensitized TiO2-based solar cell sensitized using basella alba rubra exhibited a J sc of 4.35 mA cm-2, V oc of 0.48 V, FF of 0.35 and efficiency of 0.70 %. Natural dyes as sensitizers for dye-sensitized solar cells are promising because of their environmental friendliness, low-cost production and fully biodegradable.

  17. TiO2 thin film growth using the MOCVD method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernardi M.I.B.

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Titanium oxide (TiO2 thin films were obtained using the MOCVD method. In this report we discuss the properties of a film, produced using a ordinary deposition apparatus, as a function of the deposition time, with constant deposition temperature (90 °C, oxygen flow (7,0 L/min and substrate temperature (400 °C. The films were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD, scanning electron microscopy (SEM, atomic force microscopy (AFM and visible and ultra-violet region spectroscopy (UV-Vis. The films deposited on Si (100 substrates showed the anatase polycrystalline phase, while the films grown on glass substrates showed no crystallinity. Film thickness increased with deposition time as expected, while the transmittance varied from 72 to 91% and the refractive index remained close to 2.6.

  18. Hydrogen irradiation on TiO2 nano-thin films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heidari, Sh.; Mohammadizadeh, M. R.; Mahjour-Shafiei, M.; Larijani, M. M.; Malek, M.

    2015-10-01

    Titanium dioxide thin films were coated on soda-lime glass substrates using spray pyrolysis method with a thickness of 152 ± 10 nm. The films were irradiated with hydrogen ions at room temperature at various beam energies and fluences. Optimized incident beam energy and beam fluence were obtained to improve photocatalytic and hydrophilicity properties of TiO2 thin films by narrowing the band gap. Samples were characterized by scanning electron microscopy to study the surface morphology and by UV-Vis absorption spectroscopy to measure the band gap. The optical band gap of H-doped anatase TiO2 thin films irradiated with hydrogen beam with energies of 2 and 4 keV and a fluence of 1015 ions/cm2 was narrowed from 3.34 eV (before irradiation) to 3.04 and 2.92 eV (after irradiation), respectively. The irradiated sample with energy of 4 keV with a fluence of 1015 ions/cm2 has the best improvement. This is attributed to the contraction of the band gap and to the increase in surface active site. Furthermore, it was observed that photocatalytic and hydrophilicity properties of this sample were improved, as well.

  19. Preparation of Co-doped TiO2 thin films deposited by sol-gel method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahtali, M.; Boudjema, E.-H.; Boutelala, A.; Bourfaa, F.; Mahcene, F.; Hanini, F.; Bouabellou, A.

    2012-09-01

    Cobalt doped TiO2 thin films (Co: TiO2, Co: 0-2-4-6 at. %) have been prepared by sol-gel method onto glass substrate at room temperature. The obtained films have been annealed at 500°C for 2 hours. X-ray diffraction patterns showed that all Al: TiO2 films are polycrystalline with a tetragonal anatase and orthorhombic brookite types structures. The surface morphologies of the TiO2 doped with cobalt thin films were evaluated by atomic force microscopy (AFM). The calculated optical band gap decreases from 3.03 to 2.96 eV with increasing Co doping.

  20. Preparation and Characterization of TiO2-SiO2 Thin Films

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sol-gel, is a method being used for preperation of thin films for a very long time. Its easy application process with easily available equipments that are used and the low process temperatures are the reasons for being utilized this much. A very common thin film type, TiO2-SiO2, that has been used in optical applications for a long time, is the basic structure involved in this research. In this work, the titania (TiO2) and the silica (SiO2) solutions which had been preperated seperately, were mixed with different ratios, and the differences between these mixtures that might had been occurred were investigated. The glass substrates, which had been cleaned with a special method were dipped into the mixed solutions with a constant speed which they had exactly the same while they were being withdrawned. After being dried in mid-air for a while, they were heated to 150 degree and then were dipped again. Once the number of the layers that was required is reached with reprocesses, the substrates were heated to 600 degree. The optical and the structural properties of the films deposited on the substrates were investigated. Some differences in optical properties of these films that were produced from different ratios of solutions were observed as result

  1. Fabrication and evaluation of TiO2/graphite silica bilayer thin films prepared by laser ablation method

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The bilayer thin film composed of graphite silica (GS) and TiO2 was prepared by the laser ablation technique. The properties of the thin films considerably depended on the laser ablation conditions such as gas pressure and substrate temperature in a chamber. The laser ablation of GS caused complete disappearance of the quartz XRD (X-ray diffraction) peaks in GS. The GS loading, especially at a thickness of around 200 nm, led to significant enhancement in the photocatalytic activity of the TiO2 thin film for the hydrogen production and the methylene blue decomposition in spite of the destruction of the quartz crystal in GS

  2. Nano-morphology of lithiated thin film TiO2 anatase probed with in situ neutron reflectometry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In situ neutron reflectometry reveals the intercalation scheme of lithiated thin film TiO2 anatase in terms of phase boundary movement. The Li-rich lithium titanate phase progressively moves inside the TiO2 anatase electrode as a front parallel to the interface. In contrast to previous suggestions for this system, the phase front moves back during lithium extraction exactly in the way it came in. The electrochemical side reactions result in a ∼5.5 nm-thick film on top of the TiO2 electrode extending into the organic electrolyte which is believed to passivate the Li-intercalation

  3. Effects of Ni doping on photocatalytic activity of TiO2 thin films prepared by liquid phase deposition technique

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Noor Shahina Begum; H M Farveez Ahmed; K R Gunashekar

    2008-10-01

    The TiO2 thin films doped by Ni uniformly and non-uniformly were prepared on glass substrate from an aqueous solution of ammonium hexa-fluoro titanate and NiF2 by liquid phase deposition technique. The addition of boric acid as an – scavenger will shift the equilibrium to one side and thereby deposition of the film is progressed. The rate of the reaction and the nature of deposition depend on growing time and temperature. The resultant films were characterized by XRD, EDAX, UV and SEM. The result shows that the deposited films have amorphous background, which becomes crystalline at 500°C. The EDAX data confirms the existence of Ni atoms in TiO2 matrix. XRD analysis reveals the peaks corresponding to Ni but no peak of crystalline NiO was found. The transmittance spectra of Ni uniformly and non-uniformly doped TiO2 thin films show `blue shift and red shift’, respectively. Ni-doped TiO2 thin films can be used as photocatalyst for the photodegradation of methyl orange dye. It was found that, organic dye undergoes degradation efficiently in presence of non-uniformly Ni-doped TiO2 thin films when compared to uniformly doped films and pure TiO2 films under visible light. The photocatalytic activity increases with increase in the concentration of Ni in case of nonuniformly doped thin films but decreases with the concentration when uniformly doped thin films were used.

  4. TiO 2 Thin Films Prepared via Adsorptive Self-Assembly for Self-Cleaning Applications

    KAUST Repository

    Xi, Baojuan

    2012-02-22

    Low-cost controllable solution-based processes for preparation of titanium oxide (TiO 2) thin films are highly desirable, because of many important applications of this oxide in catalytic decomposition of volatile organic compounds, advanced oxidation processes for wastewater and bactericidal treatments, self-cleaning window glass for green intelligent buildings, dye-sensitized solar cells, solid-state semiconductor metal-oxide solar cells, self-cleaning glass for photovoltaic devices, and general heterogeneous photocatalysis for fine chemicals etc. In this work, we develop a solution-based adsorptive self-assembly approach to fabricate anatase TiO 2 thin films on different glass substrates such as simple plane glass and patterned glass at variable compositions (normal soda lime glass or solar-grade borofloat glass). By tuning the number of process cycles (i.e., adsorption-then-heating) of TiO 2 colloidal suspension, we could facilely prepare large-area TiO 2 films at a desired thickness and with uniform crystallite morphology. Moreover, our as-prepared nanostructured TiO 2 thin films on glass substrates do not cause deterioration in optical transmission of glass; instead, they improve optical performance of commercial solar cells over a wide range of incident angles of light. Our as-prepared anatase TiO 2 thin films also display superhydrophilicity and excellent photocatalytic activity for self-cleaning application. For example, our investigation of photocatalytic degradation of methyl orange indicates that these thin films are indeed highly effective, in comparison to other commercial TiO 2 thin films under identical testing conditions. © 2012 American Chemical Society.

  5. TiO2 thin films prepared via adsorptive self-assembly for self-cleaning applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xi, Baojuan; Verma, Lalit Kumar; Li, Jing; Bhatia, Charanjit Singh; Danner, Aaron James; Yang, Hyunsoo; Zeng, Hua Chun

    2012-02-01

    Low-cost controllable solution-based processes for preparation of titanium oxide (TiO(2)) thin films are highly desirable, because of many important applications of this oxide in catalytic decomposition of volatile organic compounds, advanced oxidation processes for wastewater and bactericidal treatments, self-cleaning window glass for green intelligent buildings, dye-sensitized solar cells, solid-state semiconductor metal-oxide solar cells, self-cleaning glass for photovoltaic devices, and general heterogeneous photocatalysis for fine chemicals etc. In this work, we develop a solution-based adsorptive self-assembly approach to fabricate anatase TiO(2) thin films on different glass substrates such as simple plane glass and patterned glass at variable compositions (normal soda lime glass or solar-grade borofloat glass). By tuning the number of process cycles (i.e., adsorption-then-heating) of TiO(2) colloidal suspension, we could facilely prepare large-area TiO(2) films at a desired thickness and with uniform crystallite morphology. Moreover, our as-prepared nanostructured TiO(2) thin films on glass substrates do not cause deterioration in optical transmission of glass; instead, they improve optical performance of commercial solar cells over a wide range of incident angles of light. Our as-prepared anatase TiO(2) thin films also display superhydrophilicity and excellent photocatalytic activity for self-cleaning application. For example, our investigation of photocatalytic degradation of methyl orange indicates that these thin films are indeed highly effective, in comparison to other commercial TiO(2) thin films under identical testing conditions.

  6. TiO2 thin films prepared via adsorptive self-assembly for self-cleaning applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xi, Baojuan; Verma, Lalit Kumar; Li, Jing; Bhatia, Charanjit Singh; Danner, Aaron James; Yang, Hyunsoo; Zeng, Hua Chun

    2012-02-01

    Low-cost controllable solution-based processes for preparation of titanium oxide (TiO(2)) thin films are highly desirable, because of many important applications of this oxide in catalytic decomposition of volatile organic compounds, advanced oxidation processes for wastewater and bactericidal treatments, self-cleaning window glass for green intelligent buildings, dye-sensitized solar cells, solid-state semiconductor metal-oxide solar cells, self-cleaning glass for photovoltaic devices, and general heterogeneous photocatalysis for fine chemicals etc. In this work, we develop a solution-based adsorptive self-assembly approach to fabricate anatase TiO(2) thin films on different glass substrates such as simple plane glass and patterned glass at variable compositions (normal soda lime glass or solar-grade borofloat glass). By tuning the number of process cycles (i.e., adsorption-then-heating) of TiO(2) colloidal suspension, we could facilely prepare large-area TiO(2) films at a desired thickness and with uniform crystallite morphology. Moreover, our as-prepared nanostructured TiO(2) thin films on glass substrates do not cause deterioration in optical transmission of glass; instead, they improve optical performance of commercial solar cells over a wide range of incident angles of light. Our as-prepared anatase TiO(2) thin films also display superhydrophilicity and excellent photocatalytic activity for self-cleaning application. For example, our investigation of photocatalytic degradation of methyl orange indicates that these thin films are indeed highly effective, in comparison to other commercial TiO(2) thin films under identical testing conditions. PMID:22260264

  7. A non-labeled DNA biosensor based on light addressable potentiometric sensor modified with TiO_2 thin film

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiao-lin ZONG; Chun-sheng WU; Xiao-ling WU; Yun-feng LU; Ping WANG

    2009-01-01

    Titanium dioxide (TiO_2) thin film was deposited on the surface of the light addressable potentiometric sensor (LAPS) to modify the sensor surface for the non-labeled detection of DNA molecules. To evaluate the effect of ultraviolet (UV) treatment on the silanization level of TiO_2 thin film by 3-aminopropyltrietboxysilane (APTS), fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) was used to label the amine group on the end of APTS immobilized onto the TiO_2 thin film. We found that, with UV irradiation, the silani-zation level of the irradiated area of the TiO_2 film was improved compared with the non-irradiated area under well-controlled conditions. This result indicates that TiO_2 can act as a coating material on the biosensor surface to improve the effect and effi-ciency of the covalent immobilization of biomolecules on the sensor surface. The artificially synthesized probe DNA molecules were covalently linked onto the surface of TiO_2 film. The hybridization of probe DNA and target DNA was monitored by the recording of Ⅰ-Ⅴ curves that shift along the voltage axis during the process of reaction. A significant LAPS signal can be detected at 10 μmol/L of target DNA sample.

  8. Photocatalytic Functional Coating of TiO2 Thin Film Deposited by Cyclic Plasma Chemical Vapor Deposition at Atmospheric Pressure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwon, Jung-Dae; Rha, Jong-Joo; Nam, Kee-Seok; Park, Jin-Seong

    2011-08-01

    Photocatalytic TiO2 thin films were prepared with titanium tetraisopropoxide (TTIP) using cyclic plasma chemical vapor deposition (CPCVD) at atmospheric pressure. The CPCVD TiO2 films contain carbon-free impurities up to 100 °C and polycrystalline anatase phases up to 200 °C, due to the radicals and ion-bombardments. The CPCVD TiO2 films have high transparency in the visible wavelength region and absorb wavelengths below 400 nm (>3.2 eV). The photocatalytic effects of the CPCVD TiO2 and commercial sprayed TiO2 films were measured by decomposing methylene blue (MB) solution under UV irradiation. The smooth CPCVD TiO2 films showed a relatively lower photocatalytic efficiency, but superior catalyst-recycling efficiency, due to their high adhesion strength on the substrates. This CPCVD technique may provide the means to produce photocatalytic thin films with low cost and high efficiency, which would be a reasonable candidate for practical photocatalytic applications, because of the reliability and stability of their photocatalytic efficiency in a practical environment.

  9. Electrochromic TiO2, ZrO2 and TiO2-ZrO2 thin films by dip-coating method

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sol-gel processing of TiO2, ZrO2 and mixed Ti/Zr oxide thin films has been studied as application of these coatings in electrochromic devices. Their structural transformations as a function of annealing temperatures were analyzed by XRD and FTIR techniques. Electrochromic behavior of the three kind materials was investigated by cyclic voltammetry and the basic electrochromic characteristics were determined.

  10. OPTICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF TiO2 THIN FILM ON SILICON SUBSTRATE DEPOSITED BY DC REACTIVE MAGNETRON SPUTTERING

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    H.Q. Wang; H. Shen; D.C. Ba; B.W. Wang; L.S. Wen; D. Chen

    2005-01-01

    TiO2 thin film has attracted considerable attention in recent years, due to its different refractive index and transparency with amorphous and different crystals in the visible and near-infrared wavelength region, high dielectric constant, wide band gap, high wear resistance and stability, etc, for which make it being used in many fields. This paper aims to investigate the optical characterization of thin film TiO2 on silicon wafer. The TiO2 thin films were prepared by DC reactive magnetron sputtering process from Ti target. The reflectivity of the films was measured by UV-3101PC, and the index of refraction (n) and extinction coefficient (k) were measured by n & k Analyzer 1200.

  11. Hybrid functional IrO2-TiO2 thin film resistor prepared by atomic layer deposition for thermal inkjet printheads

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Won-Sub KWACK; Hyoung-Seok MOON; Seong-Jun JEONG; Qi-min WANG; Se-Hun KWON

    2011-01-01

    IrO2-TiO2 thin films were prepared by atomic layer deposition using Ir(EtCp)(COD) and titanium isopropoxide (TTIP).in the IrO2-TiO2 thin films. The low temperature coefficient of resistance(TCR) values can be obtained by adopting IrO2-TiO2 composite thin films. Moreover, the change in the resistivity of lrO2-TiO2 thin films was below 10% even after O2 annealing process at 600 ℃. The step stress test results show that IrO2-TiO2 films have better characteristics than conventional TaN08 heater resistor.Therefore, IrO2-TiO2 composite thin films can be used as a heater resistor material in thermal inkjet printhead.

  12. Study of nanoparticles TiO2 thin films on p-type silicon substrate using different alcoholic solvents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muaz, A. K. M.; Hashim, U.; Arshad, M. K. Md.; Ruslinda, A. R.; Ayub, R. M.; Gopinath, Subash C. B.; Voon, C. H.; Liu, Wei-Wen; Foo, K. L.

    2016-07-01

    In this paper, sol-gel method spin coating technique is adopted to prepare nanoparticles titanium dioxide (TiO2) thin films. The prepared TiO2 sol was synthesized using titanium butoxide act as a precursor and subjected to deposited on the p-type silicon oxide (p-SiO2) and glass slide substrates under room temperature. The effect of different alcoholic solvents of methanol and ethanol on the structural, morphological, optical and electrical properties were systematically investigated. The coated TiO2 thin films were annealed in furnace at 773 K for 1 h. The structural properties of the TiO2 films were examined with X-ray Diffraction (XRD). From the XRD analysis, both solvents showing good crystallinity with anatase phase were the predominant structure. Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) was employed to study the morphological of the thin films. The optical properties were investigated by Ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy were found that ethanol as a solvent give a higher optical transmittance if compare to the methanol solvent. The electrical properties of the nanoparticles TiO2 thin films were measured using two-point-probe technique.

  13. Influence of Nd-Doping on Photocatalytic Properties of TiO2 Nanoparticles and Thin Film Coatings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damian Wojcieszak

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Structural, optical, and photocatalytic properties of TiO2 and TiO2:Nd nanopowders and thin films composed of those materials have been compared. Titania nanoparticles with 1, 3, and 6 at. % of Nd-dopant were synthesized by sol-gel method. Additionally, thin films with the same material composition were prepared with the aid of spin-coating method. The analysis of structural investigations revealed that all as-prepared nanopowders were nanocrystalline and had TiO2-anatase structure. The average size of crystallites was ca. 4-5 nm and the correlation between the amount of neodymium and the size of TiO2 crystallites was observed. It was shown that the dopant content influenced the agglomeration of the nanoparticles. The results of photocatalytic decomposition of MO showed that doping with Nd (especially in the amount of 3 at. % increased self-cleaning activity of the prepared titania nanopowder. Similar effect was received in case of the thin films, but the decomposition rate was lower due to their smaller active surface area. However, the as-prepared TiO2:Nd photocatalyst in the form of thin films or nanopowders seems to be a very attractive material for various applications.

  14. Photocatalytic degradation of phenol in aqueous solution using TiO2/Ti thin film photocatalyst

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊彩梅; 孙彦平; 闵延琴; 郝晓刚; 李新军; 李芳柏

    2003-01-01

    In order to clarify the respective role of the UV light, catalyst, external bias as well as their combined effects on the photodegradation process and to clarify the photocatalytic mechanism under different experimental conditions, a series of experiments were conducted in a shallow pond photoreactor with an effective volume of 100 mL using TiO2/Ti thin film prepared by anodization as photocatalyst. A 300W UV lamp(Emax=365 nm)was used as side light source. The effect of light intensity on photocatalysis was also conducted. The results show that photocatalytic oxidation is an effective method for phenol removal from waters. The degradation rate can be improved by applying an anodic bias to the TiO2/Ti film electrode, phenol can not be decomposed under only 365 nm UV light irradiation even in the presence of hydrogen peroxide. In the range of our research, the phenol removal rate can be described in terms of pseudo-first order kinetics.

  15. Structure and Oxygen Sensing Properties of TiO2 Porous Semiconductor Thin Films

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JI Huiming; L(U) Ying; MA Shicai; LI Yan

    2007-01-01

    Semiconductor-type TiO2 oxygen sensing thin films were synthesized using tetrabutyl titanate ( Ti(OBu)4 ) as precursor and diethanolamine (DEA) as complexing agent by the sol-gel process. The porous and oxygen sensing TiO2 films were obtained by the addition of polyethylene glycol (PEG). The micrographs of scanning electron microscope (SEM) show that the pores of the sample about 400-600 nm in size with PEG(2 000 g/mol) are larger than those about 300 nm in size with PEG( 1 000 g/mol), while the density of pores is lower. The results also indicate that increasing the content of PEG properly is beneficial to the formation of porous structure. With the increasing content of PEG from 0 g to 2.5 g, the oxygen sensitivity increases from 330 to more than 1 000 at 800 ℃, from 170 to more than 1 000 at 900 ℃, and the response time to O2 and H2 are about 1.5 s and less than l s, respectively.

  16. Nb-doped TiO2 thin films as photocatalytic materials

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Catalin Adomnitei; Sorin Tascu; Dumitru Luca; Marius Dobromir; Mihaela Girtan; Diana Mardare

    2015-09-01

    Amorphous undoped and Nb-doped films were obtained by the spin coating method. The films have a compact structure, as revealed by scanning electron microscopy, and are very thin, with thickness values under 100 nm. The photocatalytic activity of the films was evaluated by observing the decomposition of an oleic acid solution under UV irradiation, and by studying the change in the optical transmittance of an aqueous solution containing methylene blue, in the presence of the UV-irradiated films. More than 30 h, depending on doping, are needed to recover their initial contact angles before applying oleic acid. The increase of the optical transmittance of the methylene blue solution confirms the photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue on the Nb-doped TiO2 films. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy studies, performed to detect the presence of the carbon on the irradiated surface of the films, drive to the conclusion that at the surface of the films, even for contact angles close to 0°, the presence of carbon still can be detected, which demonstrates that hydrophilicity is ruled by a different mechanism than photocatalysis.

  17. Investigation of optical, structural and morphological properties of nanostructured boron doped TiO2 thin films

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Savaş Sönmezoǧlu; Banu Erdoǧan; İskender Askeroǧlu

    2013-12-01

    Pure and different ratios (1, 3, 5, 7 and 10%) of boron doped TiO2 thin films were grown on the glass substrate by using sol–gel dip coating method having some benefits such as basic and easy applicability compared to other thin film production methods. To investigate the effect of boron doped on the physical properties of TiO2, structural, morphological and optical properties of growth thin films were examined. 1% boron-doping has no effect on optical properties of TiO2 thin film; however, optical properties vary with > 1%. From X-ray diffraction spectra, it is seen that TiO2 thin films together with doping of boron were formed along with TiB2 hexagonal structure having (111) orientation, B2O3 cubic structure having (310) orientation, TiB0.024O2 tetragonal structure having rutile phase (110) orientation and polycrystalline structures. From SEM images, it is seen that particles together with doping of boron have homogeneously distributed and held onto surface.

  18. Low-temperature Preparation of Photocatalytic TiO2 Thin Films on Polymer Substrates by Direct Deposition from Anatase Sol

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Anatase TiO2 sol was synthesized under mild conditions (75C and ambient pressure) by hydrolysis of titaniumn-butoxide in abundant acidic aqueous solution and subsequent reflux to enhance crystallization. At room temperature and in ambient atmosphere, crystalline TiO2 thin films were deposited on polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA), SiO2-coated PMMA and SiO2-coated silicone rubber substrates from the as-prepared TiO2 sol by a dip-coating process. SiO2 layers prior to TiO2 thin films on polymer substrates could not only protect the substrates from the photocatalytic decomposition of the TiO2 thin films but also enhance the adhesion of the TiO2 thin films to the substrates. Field-emission type scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM) investigations revealed that the average particle sizes of the nanoparticles composing the TiO2 thin films were about 35~47 nm. The TiO2 thin films exhibited high photocatalytic activities in the degradation of reactive brilliant red dye X-3B in aqueous solution under aerated conditions. The preparation process of photocatalytic TiO2 thin films on the polymer substrates was quite simple and a low temperature route.

  19. Effect of Annealing on Structure, Morphology, Electrical and Optical Properties of Nanocrystalline TiO2 Thin Films

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B.T. Raut

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Semi-transparent and highly conducting nanostructured titanium oxide thin films have been prepared by sol-gel method. Thin films of TiO2 deposited on glass substrates using spin coating technique and the effect of annealing temperature (400 - 700 °C on structural, microstructural, electrical and optical properties were studied. The X-ray diffraction and Atomic force microscopy measurements confirmed that the films grown by this technique have good crystalline tetragonal mixed anatase and rutile phase structure and homogeneous surface. The study also reveals that the rms value of thin film roughness increases from 7 to 19 nm. HRTEM image of TiO2 thin film (annealed at 700 °C shows that a grain of about 50 - 60 nm in size is really aggregate of many small crystallites of around 10 - 15 nm. Electron diffraction pattern shows that the TiO2 films exhibited tetragonal structure. The surface morphology (SEM of the TiO2 film showed that the nanoparticles are fine with an average grain size of about 50 - 60 nm. The optical band gap slightly decreases from 3.26 - 3.24 eV and the dc electrical conductivity was found in the range of 10-6 to 10-5(Ω·cm-1 when the annealing temperature is changed from 400 to 700 °C. It is observed that TiO2 thin film annealed at 700 °C after deposition provide a smooth and flat texture suited for optoelectronic applications.

  20. Sol-Gel TiO2 thin films sensitized with the mulberry pigment cyanidin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emerson Henrique de Faria

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available TiO2 films have various applications, among them solar cells and photodegradation of pollutants. In this study, we investigated TiO2 films functionalized with the organic dye cyanidin extracted from black mulberry (Morus nigra. The TiO2 was functionalized by the sol-gel method and the film was deposited on glass substrates by dip-coating. Our aim was to investigate the interaction between the semiconductor and the dye, as well as the influence of the velocity and number of deposits on the characteristics of the film. Using ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, we observed a shift from the maximum absorption band at 545 nm for the dye’s ethanol solution to 595 nm for the film, indicating interaction of the cyanidin with the TiO2. The absorption spectra in the infrared region of the functionalized TiO2 particles showed bands characteristic of the oxide and indicated their interaction with the dye. Using profilometry and m-line techniques, we found that the films presented thicknesses in the order of 100 nm. A SEM analysis confirmed the high density of the films.

  1. Waveguiding Properties of Nano-Structured TiO2 Thin Films Synthesized by Sol-Gel Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Znaidi, L.; Touam, T.; Vrel, D.; Kunetsova, I. N.; Fischer, A.; Boudrioua, A.

    2011-12-01

    TiO2 thin films were synthesized by sol-gel process: titanium tetraisopropoxide (TTIP) was dissolved in isopropanol, and then hydrolyzed by adding a water/isopropanol mixture with a controlled hydrolysis ratio. The as prepared sol was deposited by `dip-coating' on a glass substrate with a controlled withdrawal speed. The obtained films were annealed at 350 and 500 °C (2 h). The structural, morphological and optical properties of the prepared films were analyzed by X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). The optical and waveguiding properties of TiO2 films were investigated for both annealing temperatures using m-lines spectroscopy. The results show that our fabricated TiO2 waveguides are multimodes and demonstrate low propagation losses of 0.9 dBṡcm-1.

  2. Low-temperature preparation of high-n TiO2 thin film on glass by pulsed laser deposition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishii, Akihiro; Nakamura, Yoko; Oikawa, Itaru; Kamegawa, Atsunori; Takamura, Hitoshi

    2015-08-01

    Single-phase rutile-type TiO2 thin films with a high refractive index (n) and a low extinction coefficient (k) prepared on glass are expected to improve the performance of anti-reflection coatings. In this study, TiO2 thin films were prepared by the pulsed laser deposition (PLD) method at temperatures ranging from room temperature to 600 °C under an oxygen partial pressure of 1-9 Pa or a 10-5 Pa vacuum, and their crystal structure, microstructure and optical properties were investigated. A single-phase rutile-type TiO2 thin film was successfully prepared on a glass substrate by depositing at room temperature in a vacuum followed by post-annealing at 450 °C in air. A nanocrystalline oxygen-deficient phase in the as-deposited films plays an important role in the formation of the single rutile phase during post-annealing. The single-phase rutile-type TiO2 thin films showed excellent optical properties, with n = 3.14 and k < 0.05 at λ = 400 nm.

  3. Surface Plasmons and Optical Properties of TiO2/X(X = Au and Ag) Nanostructure Thin Films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zolanvari, A.; Sadeghi, H.; Norouzi, R.; Ranjgar, A.

    2013-09-01

    TiO2/X(X = Au and Ag) nanolayers are fabricated by depositing TiO2 films using rf magnetron sputtering on thin quartz substrates embedded with Au and Ag nanoparticles. Enhancement of light absorption of the nanostructural layers is observed. These plasmonic and non-plasmonic materials are ordered in geometric arrangements with dimensions that are fractions of the wavelength of light. The light absorption enhancement of synthesized structure in comparison to TiO2 is originated from near-field enhancement caused by the plasmonic effect of metallic nanoparticles, which can be demonstrated by the optical absorption spectra. We show that plasmon modes can exist for the infrared region of the optical spectrum. Also, we analyze the optical properties of the metal-insulator films, in order to clarify the role of metal inclusions in the TiO2 dielectric matrix. Optical band gaps of the nanolayer films are calculated by using Tauc's relation, and the n values of optical band gaps with the variation composition are found from 1.80 to 3.69 eV. Band gap narrowing and absorption in the visible spectral region induced by the incorporation of TiO2/X(X=Au and Ag) nanolayers enable the design of nanostructured thin films to be achieved for photocatalysts and solar energy converters.

  4. The properties of metal contacts on TiO2 thin films produced by reactive magnetron sputtering

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brus V. V.

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with research on volt-ampere characteristics of metal contacts (Al, Cr, In, Mo, Ti on titanium dioxide thin films and influence of annealing in vacuum on their electric properties. Volt-ampere characteristics measurements were taken by three-probe method. There was established that indium contact on TiO2 thin films possessed sharply defined ohmic properties.

  5. Surface chemistry and optical property of TiO2 thin films treated by low-pressure plasma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The low temperature RF plasma treatment was used to control the surface chemistry and optical property of TiO2 thin films deposited by RF magnetron sputtering with a very good uniformity at 300 deg. C substrate heating temperature. The XRD pattern indicates the crystalline structure of the film could be associated to amorphous structure of TiO2 in thin film. The plasma treatment of TiO2 film can increase the proportion of Ti3+ in Ti2p and decrease in carbon atoms as alcohol/ether group in C1s at the surface. The optical transmittance of the film was enhanced by 50% after the plasma treatment. The surface structure and morphology remain the same for untreated and low-pressure plasma-treated films. Therefore, increase in the optical transmission could be due to change in surface chemistry and surface cleaning by plasma treatment. - Graphical abstract: The surface chemistry and surface states of TiO2 films was modified using low-pressure RF plasma treatment. The surface roughness and crystalline structure remain unchanged for low-pressure plasma-treated films. There was an increase in the Ti3+ surface states of Ti2p at the surface and this can be useful to increase the photocatalytic activities of TiO2 films. The proportion of carbon atoms as carboxyl group in C1s was also increased after plasma treatment. All the plasma-treated films show a higher optical transmittance when untreated and it was increased when the power was increased. The increase in the optical transmission could be due to surface cleaning of films by plasma treatment and possibly due to change in the surface chemistry

  6. Characterization and photocatalytic activity of boron-doped TiO2 thin films prepared by liquid phase deposition technique

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Noor Shahina Begum; H M Farveez Ahmed; O M Hussain

    2008-10-01

    Boron doped TiO2 thin films have been successfully deposited on glass substrate and silicon wafer at 30°C from an aqueous solution of ammonium hexa-fluoro titanate and boron trifluoride by liquid phase deposition technique. The boric acid was used as an – scavenger. The resultant films were characterized by XRD, EDAX, UV and microstructures by SEM. The result shows the deposited film to be amorphous which becomes crystalline between 400 and 500°C. The EDAX and XRD data confirm the existence of boron atom in TiO2 matrix and a small peak corresponding to rutile phase was also found. Boron doped TiO2 thin films can be used as photocatalyst for the photodegradation of chlorobenzene which is a great environmental hazard. It was found that chlorobenzene undergoes degradation efficiently in presence of boron doped TiO2 thin films by exposing its aqueous solution to visible light. The photocatalytic activity increases with increase in the concentration of boron.

  7. Hydrophobic–hydrophilic conversion in microfluidic polymer channels with TiO2 thin films

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this study, recoverable and maintainable hydrophilic micropatterns on polymer-based microfluidic devices were developed through liquid phase deposition of a photocatalytic TiO2. The TiO2-coated region in the microchannel could be hydrophilized through brief UV irradiation upon request. A titanium oxide film was deposited either on bare polymer substrates or on a titanium-sputtered surface using an aqueous TiCl3 solution at 80 °C. A cyclic olefin copolymer (COC) coated with the TiO2 film displayed effective photocatalytic activity, which reduced the water contact angle from 50° to less than 5°. The Ti seed layer was facilitated to pave the substrate with TiO2 grains during the liquid phase deposition. Thus, the photocatalytic effect could be achieved with less number of LPD cycles. Even after contamination from an organic solvent or photoresist, the surface became hydrophilic upon 5 min of UV irradiation. The photocatalytic effect was so stable that super-hydrophilicity of the surface could be promptly recovered after a month of storage under atmospheric conditions. A COC microchannel was fabricated with TiO2 patterns to allow for controlled delivery of the aqueous liquid without the need for external pumps or valves. A hydrogel pattern self-organized along the TiO2 pattern demonstrated a practical application of the recoverable hydrophilicity in microchannels. Functional hydrogels can easily and stably be integrated into a polymer microchannel using this approach

  8. Structural and Electrical Properties of TiO2 Thin Film Derived from Sol-gel Method using Titanium (IV Butoxide

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isrihetty Senain

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Fabrication of titanium dioxide (TiO2 thin film on microscope glass using sol-gel method has been studied intensively. The starting materials were titanium (IV butoxide, ethanol, acetic acid, triton x-100, hydrochloric acid and deionized water. The materials were mixed together to form the sols. Then, the heat and ageing treatment was applied to form stable sols. The sols were then spin coated on the glass substrate to form the homogenous and transparent TiO2 thin film. The TiO2 thin film was coated at several layers using specific conditions. To evaluate the performance of thin film, the crystallinity of the thin film was determined by using the x-ray diffractometer  (XRD. The change on the surface morphology was observed using atomic force microscope (AFM. The electrical property of the thin film was determined by doing the current-voltage (I-V analysis on the thin film. It has been successfully shown that the anatase crystalline phase was observed when the TiO2 thin film was heated at 500°C. The roughness and the crystalline phase of TiO2 thin film changed drastically with the growth conditions. Finally, the effect of film preparation to the film resistivity also showed a critical aspect where we should take into account during the preparation of TiO2 thin film.

  9. Formation of TiO2 Thin Films using NH3 as Catalyst by Metalorganic Chemical Vapor Deposition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, Sung-Hoon; Kang, Sang-Won

    2001-05-01

    We have studied metalorganic chemical vapor deposition of TiO2 thin films using titanium tetra-isopropoxide [TTIP, Ti(O--C3H7)4] and NH3 as a catalyst at deposition temperatures ranging from 250 to 365°C. At deposition temperatures above 330°C, pyrolytic self-decomposition of TTIP is dominant regardless of the use of NH3, and the activation energy for TiO2 film formation is 152 kJ/mol. At deposition temperatures below 330°C, the films can be formed with the help of the catalytic activity of NH3, and the activation energy is reduced to 55 kJ/mol. TiO2 films deposited through the pyrolytic self-decomposition of TTIP have an anatase structure before and after performing post-deposition annealing in oxygen ambient for 30 min at 750°C. On the other hand, the as-deposited films formed through the catalytic reaction of TTIP with NH3 incorporate nitrogen impurities and have microcrystallites of the rutile structure within the amorphous matrix. However, the post-deposition annealing, the nitrogen impurities are completely removed from the films, and the films are converted into polycrystalline TiO2 films with the rutile structure, which have a high dielectric constant of 82 and a low leakage current.

  10. Correlation of structural, optical and surface morphological properties of N-doped TiO2 thin films prepared by facing targets sputtering technique

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this study, N-doped TiO2 films were prepared by facing targets sputtering technique without substrate heating. Nitrogen partial pressure (PN) was varied from 0 Pa to 0.08 Pa to vary the amount of nitrogen doping in TiO2 thin film. The X-ray diffraction study indicates that increase of nitrogen partial pressure increases replacement of oxygen by nitrogen in TiO2 crystal. An abrupt change of crystal structure, crystallinity, porosity and surface morphological property of N-doped TiO2 thin films is observed for the samples, prepared over nitrogen partial pressure 0.05 Pa

  11. Electrical property measurements of Cr-N codoped TiO2 epitaxial thin films grown by pulsed laser deposition

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jacimovic, J [EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland; Gaal, R [Institute of Condensed Matter Physics, EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland; Magrez, Arnaud [ORNL; Forro, Laszlo [ORNL; Regmi, Murari [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Eres, Gyula [ORNL

    2013-01-01

    The temperature dependent resistivity and thermo-electric power of Cr-N codoped TiO2 were compared with that of single element N and Cr doped and undoped TiO2 using epitaxial anatase thin films grown by pulsed laser deposition on (100) LaAlO3 substrates. The resistivity plots and especially the thermoelectric power data confirm that codoping is not a simple sum of single element doping. However, the negative sign of the Seebeck coefficient indicates electron dominated transport independent of doping. The narrowing distinction among the effects of different doping methods combined with increasing resistivity of the films with improving crystalline quality of TiO2 suggest that structural defects play a critical role in the doping process.

  12. PbO-modified TiO2 thin films: a route to visible light photocatalysts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhachu, Davinder S; Sathasivam, Sanjayan; Carmalt, Claire J; Parkin, Ivan P

    2014-01-21

    PbO clusters were deposited onto polycrystalline titanium dioxide (anatase) films on glass substrates by aerosol-assisted chemical vapor deposition (AACVD). The as-deposited PbO/TiO2 films were then tested for visible light photocatalysis. This was monitored by the photodegradation of stearic acid under visible light conditions. PbO/TiO2 composite films were able to degrade stearic acid at a rate of 2.28 × 10(15) molecules cm(-2) h(-1), which is 2 orders of magnitude greater than what has previously been reported. The PbO/TiO2 composite film demonstrated UVA degradation of resazurin redox dye, with the formal quantum yield (FQY) and formal quantum efficiency (FQE) exceeding that of a TiO2 film grown under the same conditions and Pilkington Activ, a commercially available self-cleaning glass. This work correlates with computational studies that predicted PbO nanoclusters on TiO2 form active visible light photocatalysts through new electronic states through PbO/TiO2 interfacial bonds resulting in new electronic states above the valence band maximum in TiO2, shifting the valence band upward as well as more efficient electron/hole separation with hole localization on PbO particles and electron on the TiO2 surface.

  13. Self-Assembled Multilayer Structure and Enhanced Thermochromic Performance of Spinodally Decomposed TiO2-VO2 Thin Film.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Guangyao; Zhou, Huaijuan; Cao, Xun; Li, Rong; Tazawa, Masato; Okada, Masahisa; Jin, Ping

    2016-03-23

    Composite films of VO2-TiO2 were deposited on sapphire (11-20) substrate by cosputtering method. Self-assembled well-ordered multilayer structure with alternating Ti- and V-rich epitaxial thin layer was obtained by thermal annealing via a spinodal decomposition mechanism. The structured thermochromic films demonstrate superior optical modulation upon phase transition, with significantly reduced transition temperature. The results provide a facile and novel approach to fabricate smart structures with excellent performance. PMID:26937588

  14. Dye-sensitized solid-state solar cells fabricated by screen-printed TiO2 thin film with addition of polystyrene balls

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jing Han; Jin Mao Chen; Xiao Wen Zhou; Yuan Lin; Jing Bo Zhang; Jian Guang Jia

    2008-01-01

    The screen-printed nanoporous TiO2 thin film was employed to fabricate dye-sensitized solid-state solar cells using CuI as hole-transport materials. The solar cell based on nanoporous TiO2 thin film with large pores formed by the addition of polystyrene balls with diameter of 200 nm to the TiO2 paste exhibits photovoltaic performance enhancement, which is attributed to the good contact of CuI with surface of dye-sensitized thin film due to easy penetration of CuI in the film withlarge pores.

  15. Preparation of TiO2 thin film by the LPD method on functionalized organic self-assembled monolayers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, uniform titania (TiO2) films have been formed at 50℃ on silanol SAMs by the liquid-phase deposition (LPD) method at a temperature below 100℃. OTS (Octadecyltrichloro-Silane) selfassembled monolayers (SAMs) on glass wafers were used as substrates for the deposition of titanium dioxide thin films. This functionalized organic surface has shown to be effective for promoting the growth of films from titanic aqueous solutions by the LPD method at a low temperature below 100℃. The crystal phase composition, microstructure and topography of the as-prepared films were characterized by various techniques, including X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The results indicate that the as-prepared thin films are purely crystallized anatase TiO2 constituted by nanorods after being annealed at 500℃. The pH values, concentration of reactants, and deposition temperatures play important roles in the growth of TiO2 thin films.

  16. Preparation of TiO2 thin film by the LPD method on functionalized organic self-assembled monolayers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HE ZhongLiang; YU ZhiWei; MIAO HongYan; TAN GuoQiang; LIU Yan

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, uniform titania (TiO2) films have been formed at 50℃ on silanol SAMs by the liquid-phase deposition (LPD) method at a temperature below 100℃. OTS (Octadecyltrichloro-Silane) self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) on glass wafers were used as substrates for the deposition of titanium dioxide thin films. This functionalized organic surface has shown to be effective for promoting the growth of films from titanic aqueous solutions by the LPD method at a low temperature below 10012. The crystal phase composition, microstructure and topography of the as-prepared films were characterized by various techniques, including X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The results indicate that the as-prepared thin films are purely crystallized anatase TiO2 constituted by nanorods after being annealed at 500℃. The pH values, concentration of reactants, and deposition temperatures play important roles in the growth of TiO2 thin films.

  17. Role of water adsorption in photoinduced superhydrophilicity on TiO2 thin films

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The ultraviolet (UV) irradiation of a titanium dioxide (TiO2) film surface gives rise to two simultaneous phenomena: photocatalysis and superhydrophilicity. Photocatalysis has been thoroughly studied, but the mechanism governing superhydrophilicity remains controversial. The authors' investigations show the effects induced by UV irradiation on the water adsorption and desorption on the TiO2 surface. The observations prove that superhydrophilicity cannot be solely induced by the removal of organic contamination via photocatalysis, but is associated with water adsorption most probably due to the appearance of hydroxyl groups on surface defects

  18. Nanocrystalline Pt-doped TiO2 thin films prepared by spray pyrolysis for hydrogen gas detection

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Lalchand A Patil; Dinesh N Suryawanshi; Idris G Pathan; Dhanashri G Patil

    2014-05-01

    Nanostructured pure and Pt-doped TiO2 thin films were prepared by chemical spray pyrolysis technique. Aqueous solution of TiCl3.6H2O (0.01 M) was chosen as the starting solution for the preparation of pure TiO2 thin film. Aqueous solutions of PtCl6.6H2O (0.01 M) and TiCl3.6H2O (0.01 M) were mixed in volume % of 1 : 99, 2.5 : 97.5 and 5 : 95 respectively to obtain Pt-doped TiO2 thin films. The solutions were sprayed onto quartz substrate heated at 350 °C temperature to obtain the films. These thin films were fired for one hour at 550 °C. The sensing performance of these films was tested for various gases such as LPG, H2, CO2, ethanol, NH3 and Cl2 (1000 ppm). The Pt-doped TiO2 (1 : 99) was observed to be most sensitive (572) to H2 at 400 °C with high selectivity against other gases. Its response time was short (10 s) and recovery was also fast (14 s). To understand the reasons behind the gas-sensing performance of the films, their structural and micro-structral properties were studied using X-ray diffraction and electron microscopy (FE–SEM and TEM), respectively. Thicknesses of all these samples were determined using Surface Profiler. The results are interpreted.

  19. Surface functionalization of cyclic olefin copolymer (COC) with evaporated TiO2 thin film

    Science.gov (United States)

    El Fissi, Lamia; Vandormael, Denis; Houssiau, Laurent; Francis, Laurent A.

    2016-02-01

    Cyclic olefin copolymer (COC) is a new class of thermoplastic polymers used for a variety of applications ranging from bio-sensing to optics. However, the hydrophobicity of native COC hampers the further development and application of this material [1]. In this work, we report the structural, morphological, and optical properties of the TiO2/COC hybrid material, which provides a desirable substrate for optical devices and subsequent surface modifications. The TiO2 film on COC substrate was deposited by the evaporation method, and it was characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), profilometry and atomic force microscope (AFM). Using an UV-vis spectrophotometer, we found that the transmittance of the TiO2/COC hybrid material in the visible domain reached 80%. The TiO2/COC hybrid appeared to be stable in most of the assessed polar solvents and acid/basic solutions. The new TiO2/COC hybrid material and the robust fabrication method are expected to enable a variety of BioMEMS applications.

  20. Heteroepitaxial growth and structural characterization of rutile TiO2 thin films on GaN (0 0 0 1) templates prepared by pulsed laser deposition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rutile TiO2 (1 0 0) thin films have been prepared on GaN (0 0 0 1) surfaces in the temperature range 300–600 °C by pulsed laser deposition (PLD) method. The effects of both the oxygen pressure and the substrate temperature on the properties of the TiO2 films were investigated. TiO2 thin films were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), atomic force microscopy (AFM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM). Optimum parameters have been determined for growing high-quality TiO2 thin films with a sharp interface, in which the epitaxial orientation relationship between rutile TiO2 and GaN is TiO2 [001] //GaN [112¯0]. The surface morphology of TiO2 thin films exhibited a marked dependence on the substrate temperature, and the better crystallinity of the TiO2 thin films can be obtained at lower oxygen pressure

  1. Influence of thickness and air annealing on structural, morphological, compositional, electrical properties of sprayed TiO2 thin films

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.SHASHIDHAR

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available TiO2 thin films were prepared by spray pyrolysis technique at a substrate temperature of 3500C under optimum conditions. Films have uniform thickness varying from 0.3–6 μm and good adhesion to substrate. The films were characterized by XRD, SEM and EDAX measurements. XRD profile shows poly crystalline nature of films. As deposited films have anatase phase. Transformation from anatase to anatase–rutile mixed phase may be due to annealing at 4000C and thickness variation of films. The microstructural properties such as crystallite size, microstrain and dislocation density found to increase due to concentration of lattice imperfections and crystallization of amorphous TiO2 films. SEM micrographs exhibit spherical, square, flower shaped grains and grain boundary formation. EDAX analysis revealed the formation of stoichiometric TiO2 films. Electrical studies show that the films are of n-type nature and increase in resistivity is attributed to surface oxidation and formation of Ti2O3 structure, a perfect insulator.

  2. Thickness-dependent photocatalytic performance of nanocrystalline TiO2 thin films prepared by sol-gel spin coating

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Chung-Yi; Lee, Yuan-Ling; Lo, Yu-Shiu; Lin, Chen-Jui; Wu, Chien-Hou

    2013-09-01

    TiO2 nanocrystalline thin films on soda lime glass have been prepared by sol-gel spin coating. The thin films were characterized for surface morphology, crystal structure, chemical composition, thickness, and transparency by atomic force microscopy (AFM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), ellipsometry, and UV-vis spectrophotometry. The films prepared by titanium tetraisopropoxide (TTIP) as the precursor under pH of 3.5 ± 0.5 and with calcination temperature of 450 ̊C for 3 h exhibited superior homogeneous aggregation, good optical transparency, superhydrophilicity, and reliable thickness. The effect of film thickness on the photocatalytic degradation of acid yellow 17 was investigated under UV irradiation. The photocatalytic activity was strongly correlated with the number of coatings and followed Langmuir-type kinetics. Under the same film thickness, TiO2 thin films prepared by 0.1 M TTIP exhibited more efficient photocatalytic activity than those prepared by 0.3 M TTIP. For thin films prepared by 0.1 M TTIP, the maximum specific photocatalytic activity occurred at 5 coatings with thickness of 93 ± 1 nm. A model was proposed to rationalize the dependence of the film thickness on the photocatalytic activity, which predicts the existence of an optimum film thickness.

  3. Preparation of Oleyl Phosphate-Modified TiO2/Poly(methyl methacrylate Hybrid Thin Films for Investigation of Their Optical Properties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masato Fujita

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs modified with oleyl phosphate were synthesized through stable Ti–O–P bonds and were utilized to prepare poly(methyl methacrylate- (PMMA- based hybrid thin films via the ex situ route for investigation of their optical properties. After surface modification of TiO2 NPs with oleyl phosphate, IR and 13C CP/MAS NMR spectroscopy showed the presence of oleyl groups. The solid-state 31P MAS NMR spectrum of the product revealed that the signal due to oleyl phosphate (OP shifted upon reaction, indicating formation of covalent Ti–O–P bonds. The modified TiO2 NPs could be homogeneously dispersed in toluene, and the median size was 16.1 nm, which is likely to be sufficient to suppress Rayleigh scattering effectively. The TEM images of TiO2/PMMA hybrid thin films also showed a homogeneous dispersion of TiO2 NPs, and they exhibited excellent optical transparency even though the TiO2 content was 20 vol%. The refractive indices of the OP-modified TiO2/PMMA hybrid thin films changed higher with increases in TiO2 volume fraction, and the hybrid thin film with 20 vol% of TiO2 showed the highest refractive index (n = 1.86.

  4. A Spectroscopic Ellipsometry Study of TiO2 Thin Films Prepared by dc Reactive Magnetron Sputtering: Annealing Temperature Effect

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mati Horprathum; Pongpan Chindaudom; Pichet Limsuwan

    2007-01-01

    TiO2 thin Rims are obtained by dc reactive magnetron sputtering. A target of titanium (99.995%) and a mixture of argon and oxygen gases are used to deposit TiO2 films on to silicon wafers (100). The crystalline structure of deposited and annealed film are deduced by variable-angle spectroscopic ellipsometry (VASE) and supported by x-ray diffractometry. The optical properties of the Sims are examined by VASE. Measurements of ellipsometry are performed in the spectral range 0.72-3.55 eV at incident angle 75°. Several SE models, categorized by physical and optical models, are proposed based on the 'simpler better' rule and curve-fits, which are generated and compared to the experimental data using the regression analysis. It has been found that the triple-layer physical model together with the Cody-Lorentz dispersion model offer the most convincing result. The as-deposited films are found to be inhomogeneous and amorphous, whereas the annealed films present the phase transition to anatase and rutile structures. The refractive index of TiO2 thin films increases with annealing temperature. A more detailed analysis further reveals that thickness of the top sub-layer increases, whereas the region of the bottom amorphous sub-layer shrinks when the films are annealed at 300°C.

  5. ALD TiO2 thin film as dielectric for Al/p-Si Schottky diode

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Sefa B K Aydin; Dilber E Yildiz; Hatice Kanbur Çavuş; Recep Şahingöz

    2014-12-01

    Electrical analysis of Al/p-Si Schottky diode with titanium dioxide (TiO2) thin film was performed at room temperature. The forward and reverse bias current–voltage (–) characteristics of diode were studied. Using thermionic emission (TE) theory, the main electrical parameters of the Al/TiO2/p-Si Schottky diode such as ideality factor (), zero bias barrier height (Bo) and series resistance (s) were estimated from forward bias – plots. At the same time, values of , Bo and s were obtained from Cheung’s method. It was shown that electrical parameters obtained from TE theory and Cheung’s method exhibit close agreement with each other. The reverse-bias leakage current mechanism of Al/TiO2/p-Si Schottky barrier diodes was investigated. The – curves in the reverse direction are taken and interpreted via both Schottky and Poole–Frenkel effects. Schottky effect was found to be dominant in the reverse direction. In addition, the capacitance–voltage (–) and conductance–voltage (/–) characteristics of diode were investigated at different frequencies (50–500 kHz). The frequency dependence of interface states density was obtained from the Hill–Coleman method and the voltage dependence of interface states density was obtained from the high–low frequency capacitance method.

  6. Optical properties analysis of Ta-doped TiO2 thin films on LaAlO3 substrates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We study optical properties of Ta-doped TiO2 thin film on LaAlO3 substrate using spectroscopy ellipsometry (SE) analysis at energy range of 0.5 – 6.5 eV. Room temperature SE data for Ψ (amplitude ratio) and Δ (phase difference) between p- and s- polarized light waves are taken with multiple incident angles at several spots on the samples. Here, absorption coefficient has been extracted from SE measurements at photon incident angle of 70° for different Ta concentration (0.01, 0.4, and 5 at. %). Multilayer modelling is performed which takes into account reflections at each interface through Fresnel coefficients to obtain reasonably well the fitting of Ψ and Δ data simultaneously. As the results, we estimate that film thickness increases by increasing Ta concentration accompanied by the formation of a new electronic structure. By increasing Ta impurities, the blueshift of absorption coefficient (α) peaks is observable. This result indicates that TiO2 thin film becomes optically resistive by introducing Ta doping. Schematic model of interband transition inTiO2:Ta will be proposed base on obtained optical properties. This study enables us to predict the role of Ta doping on the electronic and optical band structures of TiO2 thin film

  7. Structural defects and electronic structure of N-ion implanted TiO2: Bulk versus thin film

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zatsepin, D. A.; Boukhvalov, D. W.; Kurmaev, E. Z.; Zhidkov, I. S.; Gavrilov, N. V.; Korotin, M. A.; Kim, S. S.

    2015-11-01

    Systematic investigation of atomic structure of N-ion implanted TiO2 (thin films and bulk ceramics) was performed by XPS measurements (core levels and valence bands) and first-principles density functional theory (DFT) calculations. In bulk samples experiment and theory demonstrate anion N → O substitution. For the thin films case experiments evidence valuable contributions from N2 and NO molecule-like structures and theoretical modeling reveals a possibility of formation of these species as result of the appearance of interstitial nitrogen defects on the various surfaces of TiO2. Energetics of formation of oxygen vacancies and its key role for band gap reduction is also discussed.

  8. Study of 44Ti grain boundary self-diffusion in thin nanocrystalline TiO2 films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Straumal, Petr [Institut fuer Materialphysik, Universitaet Muenster, D-48149 Muenster (Germany); National University of Science and Technology, MISIS, 119049 Moscow (Russian Federation); Divinski, Sergiy; Wilde, Gerhard [Institut fuer Materialphysik, Universitaet Muenster, D-48149 Muenster (Germany)

    2011-07-01

    Titanium dioxide is known for its photo-catalytic properties and enhanced corrosion resistance in aqueous environments. Due to these properties TiO2 is very attractive material for light-induced self-cleaning glass, water-cleaning and producing hydrogen from water applications. Numerous works are dedicated to the diffusion of various dopants like niobium or chromium in TiO2 but so far, none studied the self-diffusion of titanium in nanocrystalline TiO2. The grain boundary self-diffusion in thin nanocrystalline TiO2 films is investigated. The oxide films are produced using a novel deposition method from metal-organic precursors at relatively low (400-500 C) temperatures. A relaxation annealing at 800 C was performed. The diffusion was measured in temperature interval between 200 C and 600 C by means of the radiotracer technique applying the 44Ti isotope and utilizing ion beam sputtering for sectioning. The diffusion was measured at different oxygen pressures. In addition, the microstructure and its possible evaluation during diffusion annealing was investigated using TEM. The results are discussed with respect of the relationship between grain boundary self-diffusion and the synthesis pathway, the oxygen pressure and resulting microstructure of the nanoscale functional oxide films.

  9. Photocatalytic degradation of TCE in air using TiO2 porous thin films:Influence of the relative humidity

    OpenAIRE

    Suárez, S.; Arconada, N.; De Castro, Y; Coronado, J.; Portela,R; Durán, A.; B. Sánchez

    2011-01-01

    Porous TiO2-anatase thin films were prepared by the sol-gel route and used for the study of the influence of structural properties in their photocatalytic activity. Sols were prepared by using titanium isopropoxide with two types of modifier ligands, namely acetic acid and acetyl acetone, and pore generating agents such as polyethylene glycol, pluronic F-127 and polyethylene glycol hexadecyl ether (Brij 58). The photocatalytic activity for the degradation of trichloroethylene i...

  10. Radio Frequency Magnetron Sputtering Deposition of TiO2 Thin Films and Their Perovskite Solar Cell Applications

    OpenAIRE

    Cong Chen; Yu Cheng; Qilin Dai; Hongwei Song

    2015-01-01

    In this work, we report a physical deposition based, compact (cp) layer synthesis for planar heterojunction perovskite solar cells. Typical solution-based synthesis of cp layer for perovskite solar cells involves low-quality of thin films, high-temperature annealing, non-flexible devices, limitation of large-scale production and that the effects of the cp layer on carrier transport have not been fully understood. In this research, using radio frequency magnetron sputtering (RFMS), TiO2 cp lay...

  11. Photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue by TiO2-Cu thin films: Theoretical and experimental study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Research highlights: → The depth and surface Cu dopant concentration can be modulated by thermal treatment of TiO2. → H2O2 can be degraded by TiO2 electron/hole pair as well as by Cu metallic and ionic species, trough of a Like-Fenton mechanism. → The colorant degradation occurs due successive hydoxylations. - Abstract: In this work the effect of doping concentration and depth profile of Cu atoms on the photocatalytic and surface properties of TiO2 films were studied. TiO2 films of about 200 nm thickness were deposited on glass substrates on which a thin Cu layer (5 nm) was deposited. The films were annealed during 1 s to 100 deg. C and 400 deg. C, followed by chemical etching of the Cu film. The grazing incidence X-ray fluorescence measurements showed a thermal induced migration of Cu atoms to depths between 7 and 31 nm. The X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis detected the presence of TiO2, Cu2O and Cu0 phases and an increasing Cu content with the annealing temperature. The change of the surface properties was monitored by the increasing red-shift and absorption of the ultraviolet-visible spectra. Contact angle measurements revealed the formation of a highly hydrophilic surface for the film having a medium Cu concentration. For this sample photocatalytic assays, performed by methylene blue discoloration, show the highest activity. The proposed mechanism of the catalytic effect, taking place on Ti/Cu sites, is supported by results obtained by theoretical calculations.

  12. 大规模生产TiO2薄膜的方法%Approach for Producing TiO2 Thin Films in Large Scale

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪洋; 彭晓光; 陈樱

    2007-01-01

    @@ Introduction Metal oxides are in use as catalysts in industrial processes. The surfaces of titanium dioxide (TiO2)has been of great interest because of its capability of heterogeneous catalysis and photocatalysis, and the adsorption of small molecules on TiO2 has received considerable attention in relation to the elimination of atmospheric pollutants. So that It is important to produce TiO2 thin films in large scale.

  13. Influence of the growth parameters on TiO2 thin films deposited using the MOCVD method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernardi M. I. B.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available In this work we report the synthesis of TiO2 thin films by the Organometallic Chemical Vapor Deposition (MOCVD method. The influence of deposition parameters used during the growth in the obtained structural characteristics was studied. Different temperatures of the organometallic bath, deposition time, temperature and type of the substrate were combined. Using Scanning Electron Microscopy associated to Electron Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy, Atomic Force Microscopy and X-ray Diffraction, the strong influence of these parameters in the thin films final microstructure was verified.

  14. Photocatalytic Oxidation of Aniline in the Gas Phase Using Porous TiO2 Thin Films

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fa Wenjun; Li Ying; Gong Chuqing; Zhong Jiacheng

    2006-01-01

    The gas-phase photocatalytic oxidation of aniline on a new kind of porous nano-TiO2 composite films is investigated.The composite film was prepared on glass fiber with the water glass as binders and dilute H2SO4 solution as solidifying reagent.The surface characters were observed by scanning electron microscope.The photocatalytic degradation of aniline on the composite films was carried out in a TiO2AJV system.Some important factors affecting the photodegmdation,such as the concentration of TiO2,the initial concentration of aniline,and the existing water vapor,are also studied.The product ofphotocatalytic oxidation was detected by Fourier transform-Infrared.The partial intermediate products were absorbed on TiO2 surface,which resulted in catalyst deactivation.But when it was irradiated under UV illumination or solar irradiation for some time,the catalyst could be reused without loss of catalytic activity.

  15. Directly patterned TiO2 nanostructures for efficient light harvesting in thin film solar cells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A novel, scalable, and low-cost strategy for fabricating sub-wavelength scale hierarchical nanostructures by direct patterning of TiO2 nanoparticles on glass substrates is reported. Two nanostructural designs of light-trapping back-surface reflectors (BSR) have been fabricated for increasing the photon-harvesting properties of thin-film solar cells: a quasi-periodic nano-crater design and a random nano-bump design. The efficient light-scattering properties of the nano-crater design over a broad wavelength range are demonstrated by the measured haze factor being larger than 40% at wavelengths (∼700 nm) near the band edge of amorphous silicon (a-Si:H). The a-Si:H-based n-i-p solar cell fabricated with an only ∼200 nm thick absorber layer on the nano-crater BSR shows a short-circuit current density (J sc) of ∼16.1 mA cm−2 representing a 28% enhancement compared to the cell deposited on a non-textured flat substrate. Measurements of the external quantum efficiency of the cell fabricated on the quasi-periodic nano-crater surface at long wavelengths, λ  >  700 nm, demonstrate an increase of a factor of 5 relative to that of a flat reference solar cell. The theoretical modeling results of optical absorption corroborate well with the experimental findings and are used to identify the volumes of strong optical absorption in the a-Si:H active layer of the textured BSR devices. (paper)

  16. Analysis The Electrical Properties of Co, TiO2 and Co/TiO2 Multilayer Thin Films of Different Thickness Deposited by EBeam Technique.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Md. Faruk Hossain

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the fabrication of the Co doped TiO2 film for studying the electrical properties. In this case, at first Co/TiO2 multilayer films were prepared by e-beam evaporation in a vacuum better than 10-5 Torr. The electrical properties of the deposited Co, TiO2, Co/TiO2 films had been studied. The surface morphology had been studied by Atomic Force Microscopy. In the multilayer, the thickness of Co and TiO2 was kept same. Each layer thickness was varied from 5nm to 15 nm and repeated three times. The deposition rate of the Co and TiO2 thin films are about 1.33 nm/sec &.1.25 nm/sec respectively. Electrical conductivity for the deposited Co, TiO2 and Co/TiO2 multilayer thin films had been measured as a function of temperature ranging from 300K to 470K. The deposited Co thin film, conductivity is of the order of 106 (Ω-m- 1 that decreases with increasing temperature and the value for deposited TiO2 and Co/TiO2 multilayer thin films is of the order of 102 (Ω-m-1 and 105 (Ω-m-1 respectively. Again, the conductivity of the deposited TiO2 thin films decreases with film thickness where in the case of as deposited Co, Co/ TiO2 multilayer thin films increases with increasing film thickness. The sheet resistance of the as deposited Co thin films increases with increasing temperature which is to be the order of 102 Ω/sheet. It is found that the sheet resistance of the as deposited TiO2 and Co/TiO2 multilayer thin films to be the order of 107 Ω/sheet and 102 Ω/sheet respectively which decreases with increasing temperature. Variation of temperature coefficient of resistance (T.C.R for Co and TiO2 thin films are metallic and insulating in nature respectively. The T.C.R. of deposited Co/TiO2 multilayer thin films in all cases are semiconducting in nature.

  17. Surface Modification of Aerosol-Assisted CVD Produced TiO2 Thin Film for Dye Sensitised Solar Cell

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SuPei Lim

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We report a simple and convenient method for the preparation of Ag/TiO2 thin films supported on indium tin oxide, which was achieved by sonochemical deposition of Ag+ on aerosol-assisted chemical vapour deposited TiO2 thin films. Posttreatment was performed on the film by immersion in HCl. The as-prepared composite film was characterised by X-ray diffraction, ultraviolet-visible absorption spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and field emission scanning electron microscopy. The photoelectrochemical measurements and J-V characterisation showed approximately fivefold increase in photocurrent density generation and approximately sevenfold enhancement in dye sensitiser solar cell (DSSC conversion efficiency, which was achieved after modification of the TiO2 film with HCl posttreatment and Ag particle deposition. The improved photocurrent density of 933.30 μA/cm2, as well as DSSC power conversion efficiency of 3.63% with high stability, is an indication that the as-synthesised thin film is a potential candidate for solar energy conversion applications.

  18. Photocatalytic Properties of TiO2 Thin Films Modified with Ag and Pt Nanoparticles Deposited by Gas Flow Sputtering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maicu, M; Glöss, D; Frach, Peter; Hecker, D; Gerlach, G; Córdoba, José M

    2015-09-01

    In this work, a gas flow sputtering (GFS) process which allows the production and deposition of metal nanoparticles (NPs) in a vacuum environment is described. Aim of the study is to prove the potential of this technology for the fabrication of new TiO2 films with enhanced photocatalytic properties. For this purpose, Ag and Pt NPs have been produced and deposited on photocatalytic float glass coated with TiO2 thin films by magnetron sputtering. The influence of the process parameters and of the metal amount on the final properties of the particles (quantity, size, size distribution, oxidation state etc.,) was widely investigated. Moreover, the effect of the NPs on the photocatalytic activity of the resulting materials was evaluated for the case of the decomposition of stearic acid (SA) during UV-A irradiation. The reduction of the water contact angle (WCA) during the irradiation period was measured in order to test the photo-induced super-hydrophilicity (PSH).

  19. Electrical and structural properties of TiO2-δ thin film with oxygen vacancies prepared by RF magnetron sputtering using oxygen radical

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kawamura, Kinya; Suzuki, Naoya; Tsuchiya, Takashi; Shimazu, Yuichi; Minohara, Makoto; Kobayashi, Masaki; Horiba, Koji; Kumigashira, Hiroshi; Higuchi, Tohru

    2016-06-01

    Anatase TiO2-δ thin film was prepared by RF magnetron sputtering using oxygen radical and Ti-metal target. Degrees of the TiO2-δ crystal orientation in the thin film depends of the oxygen gas pressure (P\\text{O2}) in the radical gun. The (004)- and (112)-oriented TiO2-δ thin films crystallized without postannealing have the mixed valence Ti4+/Ti3+ state. The electrical conductivities, which corresponds to n-type oxide semiconductor, is higher in the case of (004)-oriented TiO2-δ thin film containing with high concentration of oxygen vacancy. The donor band of TiO2-δ thin film is observed at ˜1.0 eV from the Fermi level (E F). The density-of-state at E F is higher in (004)-oriented TiO2-δ thin film. The above results indicate that the oxygen vacancies can control by changing the P\\text{O2} of the oxygen radical.

  20. TiO2 thin films self-assembled with a partly fluorinated surfactant template.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henderson, Mark J; Zimny, Kevin; Blin, Jean-Luc; Delorme, Nicolas; Bardeau, Jean-François; Gibaud, Alain

    2010-01-19

    New TiO(2) films have been self-assembled on solid substrate by dip-coating using TiCl(4) as the titanium source and the partly fluorinated surfactant F(CF(2))(8)C(2)H(4)(OC(2)H(4))(9)OH as the liquid crystal template. By control over the dip-withdrawal speed, film thicknesses from a minimum of 43 nm were produced with rms roughnesses of 0.5-0.7 nm. The films were characterized by X-ray reflectivity, grazing incidence small-angle X-ray scattering, atomic force microscopy, contact angle measurements, and Raman spectroscopy. Their GI-SAXS patterns are characteristic of a 2-D hexagonal structure in which tubular rods of the fluorinated surfactant are packed hexagonally and aligned parallel to the substrate. Reflectivity and contact angle measurements of the as-prepared film indicate that a low-density hydrophilic TiO(2) surface presents to the air. PMID:19754061

  1. Photocatalytic Oxidation of NOx with Porous TiO2 Nanometer Thin Film

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Song-lin; TIAN Li-hong; ZHONG Jia-cheng; ZAN Ling

    2005-01-01

    A new kind of porous nano-TiO2 composite films was prepared on the glass substrate with the water glass as binders and the sodium fluorosilicate as solidifying reagent.The morphologies of the films were studied by scanning dectron microscope(SEM). The UV-Vis spectrophotometer was also used to investigate the absorption of the films. The gasphase photocatalytic oxidation of nitrogen oxides on the composite film was carried out in TiO2/UV system, and some important factors affecting the photocatalytic oxidation were also studied such as the catalyst concentration, vapor pressure and the presence of oxygen. The results showed the conversion of NOx reached 97. 5% after 2 h UV-irradiation. The final product of photo-oxidation was detected to be HNO3 by FTIR. The way of photocatalytic oxidation of NOx was possibly useful in the practical application.

  2. Photocatalytic properties of dense plasma focus deposited nano phase TiO2 thin films: annealing effect

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Successful deposition of nano phase TiO2 thin films on silicon and glass substrates were achieved using the dense plasma focus (DPF) device. TiO2 thin films were prepared from a 99.95% pure titanium rod in oxygen–argon working gas mixture at ambient room temperature. The EDX and XPS results give the elemental composition of the films as Ti and O2. The XRD shows that amorphous films are predominant for low number of plasma focus shots. The SEM micrographs confirm the presence of nano-sized grains at smaller number of deposition shots or higher distance of deposition. Agglomeration was found to increase with the number of deposition shots. On annealing, the XRD diffractograms exhibit an increased in intensity and line width of the anatase (101) with the rutile phase R (110) emerging above 400°C. UV-Vis absorbance spectra for both as deposited and annealed films show a red shift for depositions from 20 plasma focus shots. The films showed visible light catalytic activity through decolouration of methylene blue solution. Visible light activity reached a maximum and decreased after 600 °C. Red shift and visible light catalysis can be explained in terms of the special feature effects of the plasma focus characteristic emissions. (author)

  3. Structural and photodegradation behaviors of Fe3+-doping TiO2 thin films prepared by a sol–gel spin coating

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Pure and various Fe3+-doped TiO2 thin films have been successfully fabricated. • The phase of all thin films was single phase of anatase TiO2 when calcined at 823 K. • The crystallinity of TiO2 thin films decreased as Fe3+-doping increased. • The photodegradation of each sample increased as the irradiation time increased. • The photodegradation increased as Fe3+-doping increased at a fixed irradiation time. - Abstract: Pure and various Fe3+-doping TiO2 thin films have been successfully fabricated on glass substrate prepared by a sol–gel spin coating route. The structural and photodegradation behavior of these films after calcined at various temperatures for 1 h were investigated using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), photoluminescence (PL) spectrum and degradation of 1.0 × 10−5 M methylene blue solution. When all thin films after calcined at 823 K for 1 h, the crystalline phase are comprised only contained single phase of anatase TiO2. The crystallinity of various Fe3+-doping TiO2 thin films decreases with Fe3+-doping concentration increased. The PL intensity of all thin films also decreases with Fe3+-doping concentration increased. When all various Fe3+-doping TiO2 thin films after calcined at 823 K for 1 h, the photodegradation of each sample increases with irradiation time increased. Moreover, the photodegradation also increases with Fe3+-doping concentration increased when fixed at constant irradiation time

  4. Influence of nanocrystalline structure and surface properties of TiO2 thin films on the viability of L929 cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osękowska Małgorzata

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available In this work the physicochemical and biological properties of nanocrystalline TiO2 thin films were investigated. Thin films were prepared by magnetron sputtering method. Their properties were examined by X-ray diffraction, photoelectron spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy, optical transmission method and optical profiler. Moreover, surface wettability and scratch resistance were determined. It was found that as-deposited coatings were nanocrystalline and had TiO2-anatase structure, built from crystallites in size of 24 nm. The surface of the films was homogenous, composed of closely packed grains and hydrophilic. Due to nanocrystalline structure thin films exhibited good scratch resistance. The results were correlated to the biological activity (in vitro of thin films. Morphological changes of mouse fibroblasts (L929 cell line after contact with the surface of TiO2 films were evaluated with the use of a contrast-phase microscope, while their viability was tested by MTT colorimetric assay. The viability of cell line upon contact with the surface of nanocrystalline TiO2 film was comparable to the control sample. L929 cells had homogenous cytoplasm and were forming a confluent monofilm, while lysis and inhibition of cell growth was not observed. Moreover, the viability in contact with surface of examined films was high. This confirms non-cytotoxic effect of TiO2 film surface on mouse fibroblasts.

  5. Dielectric relaxation and conduction mechanisms in sprayed TiO2 thin films as a function of the annealing temperature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juma, Albert; Acik, Ilona Oja; Mere, Arvo; Krunks, Malle

    2016-04-01

    The electrical properties of TiO2 thin films deposited by chemical spray pyrolysis onto Si substrates were investigated in the metal-oxide-semiconductor (MOS) configuration using current-voltage characteristics and impedance spectroscopy. The electrical properties were analyzed in relation to the changes in microstructure induced during annealing in air up to a temperature of 950 °C. Anatase to rutile transformation started after annealing at 800 °C, and at 950 °C, only the rutile phase was present. The dielectric relaxation strongly depended upon the microstructure of TiO2 with the dielectric constant for the anatase phase between 45 and 50 and that for the rutile phase 123. Leakage current was reduced by three orders of magnitude after annealing at 700 °C due to the densification of the TiO2 film. A double-logarithmic plot of the current-voltage characteristics showed a linear relationship below 0.12 V consistent with Ohmic conduction, while space-charge-limited conduction mechanism as described by Child's law dominated for bias voltages above 0.12 V.

  6. Controllable preparation of nanosized TiO2 thin film and relationship between structure of film and its photocatalytic activity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WEI; Gang; (魏刚); ZHANG; Yuanjing; (张元晶); XIONG; Rongchun; (熊蓉春)

    2003-01-01

    TiO2 nano-crystalline film and fixed bed photocatalytic reactor were prepared by the sol-gel process using tetrabutylorthotitanate as a precursor and glass tube as the substrate. XRD, AFM, SEM and thickness analysis results indicate that the preparation of nano-crystalline film can be controlled by optimizing experiment process. Under the optimized process, the phase of TiO2 in film is anatase, and the grain size is 3-4 nm. The size of particles, which is about 20-80 nm, can be controlled. The thickness of monolayer film is in nanometer grade. The thickness and particles size in films growing on nanometer film can also be controlled in nanometer grade. As a result, the crack of film can be effectively avoided. Rhodamine B degradation results using UV-Vis spectrophotometer show that the activity of nano-crystalline film in the photocatalytic reactor has a good relation with the diameter of TiO2 particles, that is, the film shows high activity when the size is 20-30 nm and greatly reduced when the size is above 60 nm. The activity of film does not decrease with the increase of film thickness, and this result indicates that nano-crystalline film has no ill influence on the transmissivity of ultraviolet light.

  7. Highly oriented and physical properties of sprayed anatase Sn-doped TiO2 thin films with an enhanced antibacterial activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dhanapandian, S.; Arunachalam, A.; Manoharan, C.

    2016-03-01

    Pristine TiO2 and Sn-doped TiO2 thin films with different Sn doping levels (2, 4, 6 and 8 at.%) were deposited by employing a simplified spray pyrolysis technique. The XRD pattern of the films confirmed tetragonal structure with the polycrystalline nature. The films exhibited a pure anatase titanium dioxide (TiO2) with a strong orientation along (101) plane. The scanning electron microscopy image of 6 at.% Sn-doped TiO2 thin film depicted nanosized grains with porous nature. The atomic force microscopy study had shown the columnar arrangement of grains with the increase in particle size and surface roughness for 6 at.% Sn-doped TiO2 thin films. The optical transmittance was increased with the decrease in the optical energy band gap. The optical constants such as extinction coefficient and refractive index were determined. The intensity of the photoluminescence emission was observed at 398 nm for doped films. The resistivity decreased with the increasing carrier concentration and Hall mobility. The incorporation of Sn into TiO2 matrix yielded a well-pronounced antibacterial activity for Bacillus subtilis.

  8. Optical parameters induced by phase transformation in RF magnetron sputtered TiO2 nanostructured thin films

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Prabitha B.Nair; V.B.Justinvictor; Georgi P.Daniel; K.Joy; K.C.James Raju; David Devraj Kumar; P.V.Thomas

    2014-01-01

    Pure TiO2 thin films were deposited onto quartz substrates using a ceramic TiO2 target at an elevated substrate temperature of 573 K by RF magnetron sputtering, and an analysis of structural, optical and photoluminescence characteristics of the films upon phase transformation is reported in this paper. Structural investigations using X-ray diffraction revealed that the as-deposited film was amorphous in nature. Thermal annealing for 2 h at 873 K in air resulted in the formation of anatase phase, and a phase transformation to rutile was observed at 1073 K. An increase in grain size and an improvement in crystallinity were also observed on annealing. Rod-like rutile crystallites were observed in the SEM images of the film annealed at 1273 K. As-deposited films and films annealed up to 1073 K were highly transparent in the visible region with a transparency 4 80%. Optical band gap of the films decreased upon thermal annealing which is attributed to phase transformation from amorphous to anatase and then to rutile. Optical parameters such as refractive index, optical conductivity and optical dielectric constant increased with increase in annealing temperature. Since rutile is the optically active phase, the superior refractive index of the film annealed at 1073 K along with its high transparency in visible region suggests the application of this film in antireflective coatings. Photoluminescence emission of maximum intensity was observed for the film annealed at 873 K, which exhibits anatase phase. Intense blue emission observed in this film makes it suitable for use in optoelectronic display devices.

  9. Growth and characterization of nitrogen-doped TiO2 thin films prepared by reactive pulsed laser deposition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nitrogen-doped titanium dioxide (TiO2) thin films were grown on (001) SiO2 substrates by reactive pulsed laser deposition. A KrF* excimer laser source (λ = 248 nm, τFWHM ≅ 10 ns, ν = 10 Hz) was used for the irradiations of pressed powder targets composed by both anatase and rutile phase TiO2. The experiments were performed in a controlled reactive atmosphere consisting of oxygen or mixtures of oxygen and nitrogen gases. The obtained thin film crystal structure was investigated by X-ray diffraction, while their chemical composition as well as chemical bonding states between the elements were studied by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. An interrelation was found between nitrogen concentration, crystalline structure, bonding states between the elements, and the formation of titanium oxinitride compounds. Moreover, as a result of the nitrogen incorporation in the films a continuous red-shift of the optical absorption edge accompanied by absorption in the visible spectral range between 400 and 500 nm wavelength was observed.

  10. Oxygen vacancy induced phase formation and room temperature ferromagnetism in undoped and Co-doped TiO2 thin films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohanty, P.; Mishra, N. C.; Choudhary, R. J.; Banerjee, A.; Shripathi, T.; Lalla, N. P.; Annapoorni, S.; Rath, Chandana

    2012-08-01

    TiO2 and Co-doped TiO2 (CTO) thin films deposited at various oxygen partial pressures by pulsed laser deposition exhibit room temperature ferromagnetism (RTFM) independent of their phase. Films deposited at 0.1 mTorr oxygen partial pressure show a complete rutile phase confirmed from glancing angle x-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy. At the highest oxygen partial pressure, i.e. 300 mTorr, although the TiO2 film shows a complete anatase phase, a small peak corresponding to the rutile phase along with the anatase phase is identified in the case of CTO film. An increase in O to Ti/(Ti+Co) ratio with increase in oxygen partial pressure is observed from Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy. It is revealed from x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) that oxygen vacancies are found to be higher in the CTO film than TiO2, while the valency of cobalt remains in the +2 state. Therefore, the CTO film deposited at 300 mTorr does not show a complete anatase phase unlike the TiO2 film deposited at the same partial pressure. We conclude that RTFM in both films is not due to impurities/contaminants, as confirmed from XPS depth profiling and cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy (TEM), but due to oxygen vacancies. The magnitude of moment, however, depends not only on the phase of TiO2 but also on the crystallinity of the films.

  11. A Micro Oxygen Sensor Based on a Nano Sol-Gel TiO2 Thin Film

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hairong Wang

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available An oxygen gas microsensor based on nanostructured sol-gel TiO2 thin films with a buried Pd layer was developed on a silicon substrate. The nanostructured titania thin films for O2 sensors were prepared by the sol-gel process and became anatase after heat treatment. A sandwich TiO2 square board with an area of 350 μm × 350 μm was defined by both wet etching and dry etching processes and the wet one was applied in the final process due to its advantages of easy control for the final structure. A pair of 150 nm Pt micro interdigitated electrodes with 50 nm Ti buffer layer was fabricated on the board by a lift-off process. The sensor chip was tested in a furnace with changing the O2 concentration from 1.0% to 20% by monitoring its electrical resistance. Results showed that after several testing cycles the sensor’s output becomes stable, and its sensitivity is 0.054 with deviation 2.65 × 10−4 and hysteresis is 8.5%. Due to its simple fabrication process, the sensor has potential for application in environmental monitoring, where lower power consumption and small size are required.

  12. Compositional and Structural Properties of TiO2-xNx Thin Films Deposited by Radio-Frequency Magnetron Sputtering

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JING Shi-Wei; LIU Yi-Chun; LIANG Yu; MA Jian-Gang; LU You-Ming; SHEN De-Zhen; ZHANG Ji-Ying; FAN Xi-Wu; MU Ri-Xiang

    2006-01-01

    @@ TiO2-xNx thin films are deposited onto Si(100) and quartz substrates by a rf magnetron sputtering method using a titanium metal disc as a target in Ar, N2, and O2 atmospheres. The substrate temperature is kept at 300°C. The O2 and Ar gas flow rates are kept to be constants and the N gas flow rate is varied. TiO2-xNx films with different N contents are characterized by x-ray diffraction and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The results indicate that the TiO2-xNx thin films can be obtained at 13% N and 15% N contents in the film, and the films with mixed TiO2 and TiN crystal can be obtained at 13% N and 15% N contents in the film. In terms of the results of x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, N 1s of β-N (396 eV) is the main component in the TiO2-xNx thin films.

  13. Crystal Structure And Optical Properties Of TiO2 Thin Films Prepared By Reactive RF Magnetron Sputtering

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Goto S.

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available In sputtering deposition process of TiO2, metal Ti or sintered TiO2 target is used as deposition source. In this study, we have compared the characteristic of target materials. When TiO2 target was used, stoichiometric TiO2 films was deposited under the Ar atmosphere containing 1.0% of oxygen. The highest sputtering rate under this atmosphere was 3.9nm/min at 3.4W/cm2. But, sintered TiO2 target is fragile and cannot endure higher density of input power than 3.4W/cm2. On the other hand, Ti target needs higher oxygen concentration (8% in sputtering gas atmosphere for obtaining rutile/anatase. Even though Ti target can be input twice power density of 7.9W/cm2, the highest deposition rate for Ti target was 1.4/nm, which was ~35% of the highest rate for TiO2 target. Then we have study out the composite target consisting of Ti plate and TiO2 chips. Using the composite target, stoichiometric TiO2 films were prepared in the rate of 9.6nm/min at 6.8 W/cm2 under the atmosphere of Ar/2.5%O2. Furthermore, we have found that the TiO2 films obtained from the composite target consisted of about 100% anatase, whereas TiO2 films obtained from other target have rutile dominant structure. The optical band gap energy of the film is determined by using the Tauc plot. The calculated band gap energies for the films deposited by Ti target and composite target were 2.95 and 3.24eV, which are equivalent to that of rutile and anatase structure, respectively.

  14. Optical and morphological characterization of photocatalytic TiO2 thin films doped with silver

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Silver-doped titanium dioxide thin films were deposited on glass substrates by the sol-gel process. Undoped films and films doped with 1 and 3 mol% Ag were annealed at 100 or 500 oC. The optical and morphological properties of the films were analyzed by optical absorption spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Additionally, the films were evaluated for their ability to degrade methylene blue. It was found that the photocatalytic activity is barely sensitive to silver doping for films annealed at 100 oC, whereas the effect of silver resulted in enhanced photocatalytic activity for films annealed at 500 oC. For the latter annealing temperature, the photocatalytic activity increased with increasing Ag doping concentration.

  15. Atomic Layer Deposition of p-Type Epitaxial Thin Films of Undoped and N-Doped Anatase TiO2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vasu, K; Sreedhara, M B; Ghatak, J; Rao, C N R

    2016-03-01

    Employing atomic layer deposition, we have grown p-type epitaxial undoped and N-doped anatase TiO2(001) thin films on c-axis Al2O3 substrate. From X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy studies, crystallographic relationships between the film and the substrate are found to be (001)TiO2//(0001)Al2O3 and [1̅10]TiO2//[011̅0]Al2O3. N-doping in TiO2 thin films enhances the hole concentration and mobility. The optical band gap of anatase TiO2 (3.23 eV) decreases to 3.07 eV upon N-doping. The epitaxial films exhibit room-temperature ferromagnetism and photoresponse. A TiO2-based homojunction diode was fabricated with rectification from the p-n junction formed between N-doped p-TiO2 and n-TiO2.

  16. Physical properties of Zn doped TiO2 thin films with spray pyrolysis technique and its effects in antibacterial activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arunachalam, A; Dhanapandian, S; Manoharan, C; Sivakumar, G

    2015-03-01

    Zinc doped Titanium dioxide (TiO2: Zn) thin films were deposited onto glass substrates by the spray pyrolysis technique with the substrate temperature 450°C. The structural, optical, photoluminescence (PL) properties and morphological studies were investigated for the films deposited with various doping concentration (0, 2, 4, 6 and 8at.%) of zinc. The results of X-ray diffraction (XRD) had shown the presence of anatase peak with a strong orientation along (101) plane at 8at.% of Zn-doped TiO2 film. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) study showed the uniform distribution of grains with porous nature. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) observations indicated the tetragonal shape at 8at.% of Zn-doped TiO2 with the particle size and decrease in surface roughness. The emission at 398nm was observed at the 8at.% of Zn-doped TiO2 thin film. The carrier concentration and Hall mobility was increased with doping. The antibacterial activity was highly yielded for the Zn-doped TiO2 thin films. PMID:25479105

  17. A Novel Multi-Tube Photoreactor with UV Light and Immobilized TiO2 Thin Film for Water Treatment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢一兵; 沈迅伟; 等

    2003-01-01

    A novel multi-tube photoreactor with 0.0188m3 valid reaction volume was constructed in pilot-scale.This rectangular reactor consisted of 13 regularly distributed silica glass tubes coating with TiO2 thin film photocatalyst.Total active area of TiO2 thin is 0.3916m2,The ratio of surface area to volume achieves 20.8m-1 .Photocatalytic experiment of phenol red demonstrates that the apparent reaction rate constant(k) is 0.07465h-1 and 0.16502h-1 for reaction system with and without micro-bubbles mixing.The corresponding apparent quantum efficiency( Φa) is 8.1771×10-7g·J-1 and 4.9036×10-7g·J-1,rspectively,COD value of reactant could decrease to 17mg·L-1 and high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) only shows two absorption peaks in 24h photocatalytic process time,so this photoreactor has good photomineralization effect.Experimental results reveal that photocatalytic destruction of organics is possible by using the multi-tube photoreactor.

  18. Photocatalytic thin films containing TiO2:N nanopowders obtained by the layer-by-layer self-assembling method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rojas-Blanco, L.; Urzúa, M. D.; Ramírez-Bon, R.; Espinoza Beltrán, F. J.

    2012-01-01

    In this work, TiO2-N powders were synthesized by high-energy ball milling, using commercial titanium dioxide (TiO2) in the anatase phase and urea to introduce nitrogen into TiO2 in order to enhance their photocatalytic properties in the visible spectral region. Several samples were prepared by milling a mixture of TiO2-urea during 2, 4, 8, 12 and 24 h and characterized by spectroscopic and analytical techniques. X-ray diffraction (XRD) results showed the coexistence of anatase and high-pressure srilankite TiO2 crystalline phases in the samples. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) revealed that the grain size of the powder samples decreases to 200 nm at 24 h milling time. UV-Vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopic data showed a clear red-shift in the onset of light absorption from 387 to 469 nm as consequence of nitrogen doping in the samples. The photocatalytic activity of the TiO2-N samples was evaluated by methylene blue degradation under visible light irradiation. It was found that TiO2-N samples had higher photocatalytic activity than undoped TiO2 samples, which could be assigned to the effect of introducing N atoms and XPS results confirm it. Using polyethylenimine (PEI), transparent thin films of TiO2-N nanoparticles were prepared by layer-by-layer self assembly method. UV-visible spectrophotometry was employed in a quantitative manner to monitor the adsorbed mass of TiO2 and PEI after each dip cycle. The adsorption of both TiO2 and PEI showed a saturation dip time of 15 min.

  19. Radio Frequency Magnetron Sputtering Deposition of TiO2 Thin Films and Their Perovskite Solar Cell Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Cong; Cheng, Yu; Dai, Qilin; Song, Hongwei

    2015-12-01

    In this work, we report a physical deposition based, compact (cp) layer synthesis for planar heterojunction perovskite solar cells. Typical solution-based synthesis of cp layer for perovskite solar cells involves low-quality of thin films, high-temperature annealing, non-flexible devices, limitation of large-scale production and that the effects of the cp layer on carrier transport have not been fully understood. In this research, using radio frequency magnetron sputtering (RFMS), TiO2 cp layers were fabricated and the thickness could be controlled by deposition time; CH3NH3PbI3 films were prepared by evaporation & immersion (E & I) method, in which PbI2 films made by thermal evaporation technique were immersed in CH3NH3I solution. The devices exhibit power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 12.1% and the photovoltaic performance can maintain 77% of its initial PCE after 1440 h. The method developed in this study has the capability of fabricating large active area devices (40 × 40 mm2) showing a promising PCE of 4.8%. Low temperature and flexible devices were realized and a PCE of 8.9% was obtained on the PET/ITO substrates. These approaches could be used in thin film based solar cells which require high-quality films leading to reduced fabrication cost and improved device performance.

  20. Radio Frequency Magnetron Sputtering Deposition of TiO2 Thin Films and Their Perovskite Solar Cell Applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Cong; Cheng, Yu; Dai, Qilin; Song, Hongwei

    2015-12-03

    In this work, we report a physical deposition based, compact (cp) layer synthesis for planar heterojunction perovskite solar cells. Typical solution-based synthesis of cp layer for perovskite solar cells involves low-quality of thin films, high-temperature annealing, non-flexible devices, limitation of large-scale production and that the effects of the cp layer on carrier transport have not been fully understood. In this research, using radio frequency magnetron sputtering (RFMS), TiO2 cp layers were fabricated and the thickness could be controlled by deposition time; CH3NH3PbI3 films were prepared by evaporation &immersion (E &I) method, in which PbI2 films made by thermal evaporation technique were immersed in CH3NH3I solution. The devices exhibit power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 12.1% and the photovoltaic performance can maintain 77% of its initial PCE after 1440 h. The method developed in this study has the capability of fabricating large active area devices (40 × 40 mm(2)) showing a promising PCE of 4.8%. Low temperature and flexible devices were realized and a PCE of 8.9% was obtained on the PET/ITO substrates. These approaches could be used in thin film based solar cells which require high-quality films leading to reduced fabrication cost and improved device performance.

  1. Influence of O2 partial pressure on the growth of nanostructured anatase phase TiO2 thin films prepared by DC reactive magnetron sputtering

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Research highlights: → Growth of crystalline anatase TiO2 can be controlled by % O2 and sputtering power. → Agglomeration of TiO2 nano-sized grains is observed and rises with decrease in % O2. → Nano-sized grains promote the formation of porous TiO2 films. → Deposition parameters have great influence on the optical properties of TiO2 films. - Abstract: Nanostructured titanium dioxide (TiO2) thin films were deposited on unheated glass substrates by DC reactive magnetron sputtering. The influence of the oxygen percentage in the discharge and the sputtering power (P) on the phase composition, crystallinity, surface morphology and optical properties of the films was investigated. The structure of the as-sputtered TiO2 films prepared in different oxygen concentrations for P = 500 W and 1000 W varies from amorphous to crystalline. X-ray diffraction revealed that, excluding the lowest oxygen concentration (1% O2), all annealed TiO2 thin films at 400 deg. C/4 h have an anatase crystal structure and the crystallinity decreases with the oxygen percentage. However, for 5 and 10% O2, the films are textured with the (1 0 1) crystal direction normal to the substrate surface and for O2 ≥ 15% the films have the preferred orientation (0 0 4), which is accounted for different surface energies associated with different planes. Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) evidence distinct modifications in the morphology of the thin films which are corroborated with the crystallite sizes estimated from the typical diffraction peaks. Agglomeration of smaller TiO2 nano-sized grains to form bigger sized particulates is observed and enhanced by the decrease in oxygen content. With the variation in oxygen concentration, the optical properties (refractive index and optical band gap) of TiO2 films also change strongly being dependent on crystallinity, crystallite size and oxygen vacancies.

  2. Synthesis of nanocrystalline TiO2 thin films by liquid phase deposition technique and its application for photocatalytic degradation studies

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Noor Shahina Begum; H M Farveez Ahmed

    2008-02-01

    A transparent, high purity titanium dioxide thin film composed of densely packed nanometer sized grains has been successfully deposited on a glass substrate at 30°C from an aqueous solution of TiO2–HF with the addition of boric acid as a scavenger by liquid phase deposition technique. From X-ray diffraction measurement, the deposited film was found to be amorphous and turns crystalline at 500°C. The deposited film showed excellent adherence to the substrate and was characterized by homogeneous flat surface. TiO2 thin films can be used as a photocatalyst to clean up organohalides, a class of compound in pesticides that pollute the ground water. Photocatalytic degradation experiments show that indanthrene golden orange dye undergoes degradation efficiently in presence of TiO2 thin films by exposing its aqueous solution to ultraviolet light. The suitable surface structure and porosity increases the photocatalytic activity. It was also observed that hemin doped TiO2 thin films break up organohalides at a surprisingly high rate under visible light.

  3. Modifications in structural and electronic properties of TiO2 thin films using swift heavy ion irradiation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thakur, Hardeep; Kumar, Ravi; Thakur, P.; Brookes, N. B.; Sharma, K. K.; Pratap Singh, Abhinav; Kumar, Yogesh; Gautam, S.; Chae, K. H.

    2011-10-01

    We report on the structural and electronic properties of swift heavy ion (SHI) irradiated pristine TiO2 thin films, deposited by radio frequency magnetron sputtering on sapphire substrates. The high resolution x-ray diffraction and Raman measurements show a structural phase transition from anatase to admixture of brookite and rutile phases of TiO2 with increasing SHI fluence followed by a significant distortion in the TiO6 octahedra. The modification in the electronic structure stimulated by SHI irradiation has been investigated using x-ray absorption (XAS) experiments at the O K and Ti L3,2 absorption edges. The O K edge spectra clearly indicate the splitting of the pre-edge spectral features having t2g and eg symmetry bands due to structural disorder/distortion induced by irradiation. The intensity of the SHI generated components at the O K edge increases monotonically, which can be correlated to the modification in unoccupancies associated with O 2 p orbitals hybridized with Ti 3 d states. The XAS spectra at the Ti L3,2 edge further authenticate that SHI creates a controlled structural disorder/distortion in the TiO6 octahedra.

  4. Initial stages of TiO 2 thin films MOCVD growth studied by in situ surface analyses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brevet, A.; Peterlé, P. M.; Imhoff, L.; Marco de Lucas, M. C.; Bourgeois, S.

    2005-02-01

    In situ chemical surface analyses using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) were performed to understand the initial stages of TiO 2 thin-film MOCVD growth. Deposits on Si (1 0 0), a few nanometres thick, were obtained at a fixed temperature of 650 °C and for two different pressures, 2.9 and 0.05 mbar, using titanium tetraisopropoxide (TTIP) as precursor. Pressure lowering led to a higher deposit growth rate. Reduction of titanium with respect to stoichiometric titanium dioxide and oxidation of the wet-cleaned silicon substrate are observed from decomposition of the Ti 2p and Si 2p peaks. The formation of a TiSi xO y mixed oxide is also pointed out and confirmed by the presence of a characteristic component in the O 1 s peak.

  5. Micro-Raman Spectroscopy for the Determination of Local Temperature Increases in TiO2 Thin Films due to the Effect of Radiation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallardo, Juan Jesús; Navas, Javier; Zorrilla, David; Alcántara, Rodrigo; Valor, Diego; Fernández-Lorenzo, Concha; Martín-Calleja, Joaquín

    2016-07-01

    This study applied a classic method involving Raman spectroscopy and the use of Stokes and anti-Stokes peaks to measure the temperature of TiO2 thin films found in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). In addition, three mathematical formulae were used and analyzed to estimate the increase in temperature generated solely by the effect of the radiation. The tests and calculations performed showed an increase in the temperature of the TiO2 film. That is, the films were heated by the radiation they were exposed to. A temperature increase of up to 30 K was detected for the sample with a single layer of TiO2, and over 40 K for the sample with three layers for the highest radiation powers used, and greater increases in temperature were observed in the thicker films.

  6. Effect of sputtering pressure and post-annealing on hydrophilicity of TiO2 thin films deposited by reactive magnetron sputtering

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A series of TiO2 thin films was deposited onto glass substrates without intentional heating or biasing by magnetron sputtering of a titanium target using Ar/O2 reactive mixtures over a broad range of total sputtering pressures from 0.12 Pa to 2.24 Pa. Each of the film types was deposited by the threshold poisoned mode at a specific given oxygen flow rate monitored in-situ by optical emission spectroscopy. Both the sputtering pressure and thermal annealing are the key factors for the TiO2 films to yield fast-response superhydrophilicity with a water contact angle of 5o. The mechanism of superhydrophilicity for the TiO2 films deposited by high-pressure sputtering will be discussed based on empirical studies of X-ray diffractometry, high-resolution scanning microscopy and atomic force spectroscopy.

  7. Room temperature deposition of highly dense TiO2 thin films by filtered cathodic vacuum arc

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guillén, E.; Heras, I.; Rincón Llorente, G.; Lungwitz, F.; Alcon-Camas, M.; Escobar-Galindo, R.

    2015-08-01

    A systematic study of TiO2 films deposited by dc filtered cathodic vacuum arc (FCVA) was carried out by varying the deposition parameters in a reactive oxygen atmosphere. The influence of the oxygen partial pressure on film properties is analyzed. Composition was obtained by Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy (RBS) measurements, which also allow us to obtain the density of the films. Morphology of the samples was studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and their optical properties by ellipsometry. Transparent, very dense and stoichiometric TiO2 films were obtained by FCVA at room temperature.

  8. Pleomorphic structural imperfections caused by pulsed Bi-implantation in the bulk and thin-film morphologies of TiO2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zatsepin, D. A.; Boukhvalov, D. W.; Kurmaev, E. Z.; Gavrilov, N. V.; Kim, S. S.; Zhidkov, I. S.

    2016-08-01

    The results of combined experimental and theoretical study of pleomorphic substitutional and clustering effects in Bi-doped TiO2 hosts (bulk and thin-film morphologies) are presented. Bi-doping of the bulk and thin-film titanium dioxide was made with help of pulsed ion-implantation (EBi+ = 30 keV, D = 1 × 1017 cm-2) without posterior tempering. The X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) qualification (core-levels and valence bands) and Density-Functional Theory (DFT) calculations were employed in order to study the electronic structure of Bi-ion implanted TiO2 samples. According to XPS data obtained and DFT calculations, the Bi → Ti cation substitution occurs in Bi-implanted bulk TiO2, whereas in the thin-film morphology of TiO2:Bi the Bi-atoms have metal-like clusters segregation tendency. Based on the combined XPS and DFT considerations the possible reasons and mechanism for the observed effects are discussed. It is believed that established peculiarities of bismuth embedding into employed TiO2 hosts are mostly the sequence of pleomorphic origin for the formed "bismuth-oxygen" chemical bonding.

  9. Interdigitated electrode (IDE) based on titanium dioxide (TiO2) thin films for biosensor application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nordin, N.; Hashim, U.; Azizah, N.

    2016-07-01

    Sensor is the device that can detect and produce output or response that comes from any input from the physical environment. In this study, sensor is developed by simple photolithography process to create a small IDE device. The device is coated with Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) to give the positive result in detection. The result shows the device with coating stabilized at 2.46×10-10 compare to device without TiO2 which only at 2.24×10-10. IDE device is reusable and can use many times for different kind of detection.

  10. Quantum size effects in TiO2 thin films grown by atomic layer deposition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tallarida, Massimo; Das, Chittaranjan; Schmeisser, Dieter

    2014-01-01

    We study the atomic layer deposition of TiO2 by means of X-ray absorption spectroscopy. The Ti precursor, titanium isopropoxide, was used in combination with H2O on Si/SiO2 substrates that were heated at 200 °C. The low growth rate (0.15 Å/cycle) and the in situ characterization permitted to follow changes in the electronic structure of TiO2 in the sub-nanometer range, which are influenced by quantum size effects. The modified electronic properties may play an important role in charge carrier transport and separation, and increase the efficiency of energy conversion systems.

  11. Photocatalytic Activity of TiO2 Thin Films Obtained by the Sputtering RF in Wastewater

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardona Bedoya, Jairo Armando; Sanchez Velandia, Wilmer Asmed; Delgado Rosero, Miguel Iban; Florido Cuellar, Alex Enrique; Zelaya Angel, Orlando; Mendoza Alvarez, Julio G.

    2011-03-01

    The photocatalytic activity of Ti O2 thin films in wastewater, under an UV irradiation, is studied. The films were prepared on corning glass substrates by the sputtering RF technique. We present evidence on the photocatalytic degradation, carried out by advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) in domestic wastewater pretreated with UASB (upflow anaerobic sludge blanket) reactors. Ti O2 films were illuminated with ultraviolet light during a time of 4 hours (λ ≅ 264 nm). We could see the effect of degraded operation in the absorbance measurement using UV-VIS spectrophotometry. The results show an increased rate of degradation of the wastewater by 30% compared to the values reflected biologically treated wastewater by anaerobic reactors.

  12. Combining a molecular modelling approach with direct current and high power impulse magnetron sputtering to develop new TiO2 thin films for antifouling applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guillot, Jérôme; Lecoq, Elodie; Duday, David; Puhakka, Eini; Riihimäki, Markus; Keiski, Riitta; Chemin, Jean-Baptiste; Choquet, Patrick

    2015-04-01

    The accumulation of crystallization deposits at the surface of heat exchangers results in the increase of the heat transfer resistance and a drastic loss of efficiency. Coating surfaces with a thin film can limit the scale-surface adhesion force and thus the fouling process. This study compares the efficiency of TiO2 layers exhibiting various crystalline planes and microstructures to reduce the kinetic of fouling. Molecular modelling with density functional theory is first carried out to determine the energy of CaCO3 deposition on anatase (1 0 1), (0 0 4), and (2 0 0) surfaces as well as on a rutile (1 0 1) one. TiO2 thin films (thickness draw general trends on the potential anti-scaling properties of TiO2 crystallized under various forms. Until now, such a comparison combining a theoretical approach with experimental fouling tests has never been reported in the literature.

  13. Substrate dependant capacitive performance of spray pyrolysed titanium oxide (TiO2) thin films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fugare, B. Y.; Ingole, R. S.; Ambare, R. C.; Lokhande, B. J.

    2016-04-01

    Using 60 ml, 0.06 M aqueous solution of potassium titanium oxalate (pto), thin films of titanium oxide were prepared by using well known spray pyrolysis technique. Depositions of the films carried out at 723° K by maintain the spray rate 12 Cc/min. prepared thin films were characterized structurally, morphologically and electrochemically. Sample shows tetragonal crystal structure with rutile as prominent phase at very low deposition temperature. SEM morphology shows porous, dense, nanorods and nanoplates like morphology. The electrochemical cyclic voltammetery shows mixed capacitive behavior. The specific capacitance values observed from cyclic voltammetery in 1 M NaOH are 2497.19, 29.60, 424.22 F/g. for the electrode deposited on copper, FTO and stainless steel (SS) respectively. Charge discharge behavior was observed for the samples deposited on stainless steel gives specific energy (SE), specific power (SP) and efficiency (η) are 43.25 Wh/kg, 35.25 kW/kg and 98.22 % respectively. Impedance study was carried out in the frequency range 1 mHz to 1 MHz exhibits very less internal resistance 1.066 Ohm for the deposited electrode.

  14. Thermo-Optical Properties of Thin-Film TiO2–Al2O3 Bilayers Fabricated by Atomic Layer Deposition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rizwan Ali

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available We investigate the optical and thermo-optical properties of amorphous TiO\\(_2\\–Al\\(_2\\O\\(_3\\ thin-film bilayers fabricated by atomic layer deposition (ALD. Seven samples of TiO\\(_2\\–Al\\(_2\\O\\(_3\\ bilayers are fabricated by growing Al\\(_2\\O\\(_3\\ films of different thicknesses on the surface of TiO\\(_2\\ films of constant thickness (100 nm. Temperature-induced changes in the optical refractive indices of these thin-film bilayers are measured by a variable angle spectroscopic ellipsometer VASE\\textsuperscript{\\textregistered}. The optical data and the thermo-optic coefficients of the films are retrieved and calculated by applying the Cauchy model and the linear fitting regression algorithm, in order to evaluate the surface porosity model of TiO\\(_2\\ films. The effects of TiO\\(_2\\ surface defects on the films' thermo-optic properties are reduced and modified by depositing ultra-thin ALD-Al\\(_2\\O\\(_3\\ diffusion barrier layers. Increasing the ALD-Al\\(_2\\O\\(_3\\ thickness from 20 nm to 30 nm results in a sign change of the thermo-optic coefficient of the ALD-TiO\\(_2\\. The thermo-optic coefficients of the 100 nm-thick ALD-TiO\\(_2\\ film and 30 nm-thick ALD-Al\\(_2\\O\\(_3\\ film in a bilayer are (0.048 \\(\\pm\\ 0.134 \\(\\times 10 ^{-4} {^\\circ}\\mathrm {C}^{-1}\\ and (0.680 \\(\\pm\\ 0.313 \\(\\times 10^{-4} {^\\circ} \\mathrm {C}^{-1}\\, respectively, at a temperature \\(T = 62 ^\\circ \\mathrm{C}\\.

  15. Surface enhanced Raman scattering activity of TiN thin film prepared via nitridation of sol-gel derived TiO2 film

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Zhanliang; Wei, Hengyong; Chen, Ying; Wang, Ruisheng; Zhao, Junhong; Lin, Jian; Bu, Jinglong; Wei, Yingna; Cui, Yi; Yu, Yun

    2015-10-01

    Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) is a powerful and non-destructive analytical technique tool for chemical and biological sensing applications. Metal-free SERS substrates have recently been developed by using semiconductor nanostructures. The optical property of TiN film is similar to that of gold. Besides that, its good chemical inertness and thermodynamic stability make TiN thin film an excellent candidate for SERS. In order to investigate its SERS activity, the TiN thin film was successfully prepared via direct nitridation of the sol-gel derived TiO2 thin film on the quartz substrate using ammonia gas as reducing agent. The crystallite structures and morphology of TiN thin film were determined by XRD, RAMAN and FE-SEM. The results show that the thin film obtained is cubic titanium nitride with a lattice parameter of 4.2349 Å. The surface of TiN thin film is rough and with the particles of 50 nm in average sizes. The thickness of TiN thin film is about 130 nm. The TiN thin film displays a surface Plasmon resonance absorption peak at around 476 nm, which can lead to a strong enhancement of the EM field on the interface. The Raman signal of the probe molecule R6G was greatly enhanced through TiN thin film substrates. The enhancement factor is about 4.1×103 and the detection limit achieves 10-6 M for R6G. The TiN thin film substrate also shows a good reproducibility of SERS performance. The results indicate that TiN thin film is an attractive material with potential application in SERS substrates.

  16. Control of the visible and UV light water splitting and photocatalysis of nitrogen doped TiO2 thin films deposited by reactive magnetron sputtering

    OpenAIRE

    Fakhouri, Houssam; Pulpytel, Jerome; Smith, Wilson; Zolfaghari, Alireza; Mortaheb, Hamid Reza; Meshkini, Fateme; Reza JAFARI; Sutter, Eliane; Arefi-Khonsari, Farzaneh

    2014-01-01

    N-doped TiO2 thin films have been prepared by reactive RF magnetron sputtering at different pressures and with different compositions using a dual reactive gas mixture of nitrogen and oxygen. The morphological, optical, photo-electrochemical and photocatalytic properties have been studied in order to investigate the white light and visible light photoactivities of the films. Significant control over the band gap energy in the films was achieved by varying the deposition parameters. Photoelect...

  17. Thin Film Nanocrystalline TiO2 Electrodes: Dependence of Flat Band Potential on pH and Anion Adsorption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minella, M; Maurino, V; Minero, C; Pelizzetti, E

    2015-05-01

    Thin nanocrystalline TiO2 films were produced on ITO conductive glass by dip-coating of a sol-gel TiO2 precursor. The transparent films were characterized from the optical and structural point of view with UV-Vis, Spectroscopic Ellipsometry, Raman and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopies, the roughness of the coating by AFM. The changes in the electrochemical properties features of ITO/TiO2 electrodes were evaluated in the presence of different electrolytes (KCI, Na2SO4 and phosphate buffer) with the aim to clarify the role of the ion adsorption on the structure of the electrical double layer. Electrochemical tests (Cyclic Voltammetry, CV, and Impedance Electrochemical Spectroscopy, EIS) showed a strong influence of the electrolyte properties on the semiconductor band edge position in the electrochemical scale and on band bending. The CV profiles recorded can be explained by considering that the interface capacity is due to the charging of surface states (e.g., Ti(IV) surface sites coordinated by oxygen atoms, ≡Ti-OH or Ti-O-Ti). The surface charge is strongly affected also by the density and nature of adsorbed ions and by dissociation of surficial OH. Of interest the fact that for the produced nanocrystalline electrodes the flat band potential, measured from the Mott-Schottky analysis of the space charge layer capacity obtained with EIS, showed a non Nernstian behavior with the pH probably caused by a change in the surface acidity as a consequence of specific anion adsorption. The modulation of flat band potential with adsorbed ions is of interest for many applications, in particular for photocatalysis (change in the redox potential of photogenerated carriers) and for photovoltaic applications like DSSC (change in the photopotentials).

  18. Quantum size effects in TiO2 thin films grown by atomic layer deposition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massimo Tallarida

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We study the atomic layer deposition of TiO2 by means of X-ray absorption spectroscopy. The Ti precursor, titanium isopropoxide, was used in combination with H2O on Si/SiO2 substrates that were heated at 200 °C. The low growth rate (0.15 Å/cycle and the in situ characterization permitted to follow changes in the electronic structure of TiO2 in the sub-nanometer range, which are influenced by quantum size effects. The modified electronic properties may play an important role in charge carrier transport and separation, and increase the efficiency of energy conversion systems.

  19. Investigation of TiO2 Thin Film Growth by Layer-by-Layer Self-Assembly for Application to Optical Devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kyung, Kyu-Hong; Fujimoto, Kouji; Shiratori, Seimei; Kim, Jin-Ho; Kim, Sae-Hoon

    2010-04-01

    Recently, optical thin films fabricated using a water-based process have been strongly demanded. We fabricated TiO2 thin films consisting of poly(diallyl dimethyl ammonium chloride) (PDDA) and titanium(IV) bis(ammonium lactate) dihydroxide (TALH) for optical devices fabricated using layer-by-layer self-assembly. We report the effects of the pH and concentration of a solution, immersion time, and the amount of NaCl added to a solution on the thickness, morphology, surface roughness, and transmittance of fabricated thin films. The thickness, surface morphology, and transparency of (PDDA/TALH) thin films were determined by ellipsometry, field-emission scanning microscopy (FE-SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), and ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) spectrometry. It was found that the thickness and surface morphology of (PDDA/TALH) multilayer films can be controlled by adjusting the TiO2 particle size of TALH solution. TiO2 particle size was controlled by adjusting the pH of TALH solution and the concentration of PDDA solution, and by adding NaCl to PDDA solution. It was found that we can increase deposition speed while maintaining optical quality by suppressing the surface roughness within 10 nm. These experimental results showed that the fabrication speed of thin films can be markedly increased, by approximately 6-fold.

  20. An In-situ Real-Time Optical Fiber Sensor Based on Surface Plasmon Resonance for Monitoring the Growth of TiO2 Thin Films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsao, Yu-Chia; Tsai, Woo-Hu; Shih, Wen-Ching; Wu, Mu-Shiang

    2013-01-01

    An optical fiber sensor based on surface plasmon resonance (SPR) is proposed for monitoring the thickness of deposited nano-thin films. A side-polished multimode SPR optical fiber sensor with an 850 nm-LD is used as the transducing element for real-time monitoring of the deposited TiO2 thin films. The SPR optical fiber sensor was installed in the TiO2 sputtering system in order to measure the thickness of the deposited sample during TiO2 deposition. The SPR response declined in real-time in relation to the growth of the thickness of the TiO2 thin film. Our results show the same trend of the SPR response in real-time and in spectra taken before and after deposition. The SPR transmitted intensity changes by approximately 18.76% corresponding to 50 nm of deposited TiO2 thin film. We have shown that optical fiber sensors utilizing SPR have the potential for real-time monitoring of the SPR technology of nanometer film thickness. The compact size of the SPR fiber sensor enables it to be positioned inside the deposition chamber, and it could thus measure the film thickness directly in real-time. This technology also has potential application for monitoring the deposition of other materials. Moreover, in-situ real-time SPR optical fiber sensor technology is in inexpensive, disposable technique that has anti-interference properties, and the potential to enable on-line monitoring and monitoring of organic coatings. PMID:23881144

  1. PVD-Grown photocatalytic TiO2 thin films on PVDF substrates for sensors and actuators applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Titanium dioxide's self-cleaning effect has been broadly used in textiles, paints, windows, residual water treatment, amongst various other photocatalytic applications. Polymer substrates have found their way in the semiconductor industry as a base layer for flexible electronics, as well as in sensor and actuator applications. The optimum performance of these systems may be affected by dirt adsorbed on its surface, which can also originate mechanisms for the degradation of the polymer. These thin films have been deposited on electroactive poly(vinilidene fluoride) - PVDF - polymer substrates by unbalanced reactive magnetron sputtering. Rutherford Backscattering experiments evidenced that these coatings have a TiO2 stoichiometry. Raman spectroscopy experiments revealed that the as-deposited coatings on polymer substrates are mostly amorphous, however evidence of anatase and rutile nano-crystalline phases can be found. The photocatalytic behavior of the titanium dioxide coatings was determined by combined ultra-violet irradiation and absorption measurements of a particular dye in the presence of the catalyst. In order to assess the mechanical behavior of the as-sputtered films, the film/substrate composite system was loaded unidirectionally using a tensile testing machine. The stress-strain curves were analyzed and correlated with photocatalytic efficiency along these curves, as well as with the structural data

  2. Preparation and oxygen-sensing properties of TiO2 porous thin films on alumina substrate

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Ming-li; XU Ming-xia; LI Yan

    2006-01-01

    The titanium dioxide sols were synthesized with tetrabutyl titanate as precursor,diethanolamine(DEA) as complexing agent ,polyethylene glycol (PEG) as organic template. The porous films were prepared by sol-gel method. The structures and morphology of the titanium dioxide porous films were characterized by FE-SEM. The formation mechanism of TiO2 porous films and the relation between the porous structure and oxygen-sensing properties of TiO2 films were studied. Ordered structure was formed by assembling between TiO2 colloid particles and the template molecules. PEG molecules acted on TiO2 colloid particles by hydrogen bond and bridge oxygen. The porous structure was formed after the organic template was decomposed when calcining the films. The diameter,amount and distribution of the pores in the films are related with the content of PEG.. The pore diameter increases with increasing of content of PEG and the pore density reaches the maximum at certain content. Oxygen-sensitivity and response speed of porous TiO2 films are improved compared with films without pores. Both the sensitivity and response speed increase with the increasing of pore diameter and pore density. Oxygen-sensitivity reaches 3 order of magnitude at 800 ℃. Its response time from H2/N2 to O2/N2 atmosphere and vice versa is about 0.11 s and 0.12 s respectively. Although the sensitivity and response speed increase,the resistance-temperature properties of porous films are not notably improved with the increasing of the content of PEG.

  3. Effect of annealing temperature on structural, morphological and electrical properties of nanoparticles TiO2 thin films by sol-gel method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muaz, A. K. M.; Hashim, U.; Arshad, M. K. Md.; Ruslinda, A. R.; Ayub, R. M.; Gopinath, Subash C. B.; Voon, C. H.; Liu, Wei-Wen; Foo, K. L.

    2016-07-01

    In this paper, the sol-gel method is used to prepare nanoparticles titanium dioxide (TiO2) thin films at different annealing temperature. The prepared sol was deposited on the p-SiO2 substrates by spin coating technique under room temperature. The nanoparticles TiO2 solution was synthesized using Ti{OCH(CH3)2}4 as a precursor with an methanol solution at a molar ratio 1:10. The prepared TiO2 sols will further validate through structural, morphological and electrical properties. From the X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, as-deposited films was found to be amorphous in nature and tend to transform into tetragonal anatase and rutile phase as the films annealed at 573 and 773 K, respectively. The diversification of the surface roughness was characterized by atomic force microscopy (AFM) indicated the roughness and thickness very dependent on the annealing temperature. The two-point probe electrical resistance and conductance of nanoparticles TiO2 thin films were determined by the DC current-voltage (IV) analysis. From the I-V measurement, the electrical conductance increased as the films annealed at higher temperature.

  4. Effect of pulsed bias on TiO2 thin films prepared on silicon by arc ion plating and simulation of pulsed plasma sheath dynamics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dielectric TiO2 thin films were fabricated on p-(100) Si substrates by arc ion plating. A pulsed substrate bias ranging from 0 V to − 900 V was applied to investigate the effect of pulsed bias on phase structure and growth of the films. Phase, microstructure, and growth morphology of TiO2 films prepared at different bias voltages were evaluated with grazing incident x-ray diffraction and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The results show that pulsed bias exerts an evident influence on phase structure and growth morphology. High substrate bias facilitates the formation of rutile phase, a (220) preferred orientation is observed in TiO2 films obtained at − 900 V. AFM images show that pulsed substrate bias exerts a strong influence on the growth of TiO2 films. With increasing bias voltage, the film is initially composed of tiny surface islands separated by shallow boundaries, then of large and spiky surface islands isolated by deep boundaries. Correspondingly, surface roughness increases from 1.1 nm at 0 V to 3.8 nm at − 900 V. To explain the phenomena observed in this study, pulsed plasma sheath model was used to simulate the ion sheath dynamics. By analyzing experimental and simulated results, it can be concluded that film growth and property relate close to ion density and energy in the sheath, which is dominantly governed by negative substrate bias.

  5. Prediction of TiO2 thin film growth on the glass beads in a rotating plasma chemical vapor deposition reactor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Dong-Joo; Kim, Kyo-Seon

    2010-05-01

    We calculated the concentration profiles of important chemical species for TiO2 thin film growth on the glass beads in the TTIP + O2 plasmas and compared the predicted growth rates of thin films with the experimental measurements. The film thickness profile depends on the concentration profile of TiO(OC3H7)3 precursors in the gas phase because TiO(OC3H7)3 is the main precursor of the thin film. The TTIP concentration decreases with time, while the TiO(OC3H7)3 concentration increases, and they reach the steady state about 2 approximately 3 sec. The growth rate of TiO2 film predicted in this study was 9.2 nm/min and is in good agreements with the experimental result of 10.5 nm/min under the same process conditions. This study suggests that a uniform TiO2 thin film on particles can be obtained by using a rotating cylindrical PCVD reactor. PMID:20358924

  6. ESR study of Co-doped TiO2 thin films

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Co:TiO2 thin films prepared by reactive co-sputtering deposition were studied by electron spin resonance (ESR) technique. Magnetization measurements showed hysteretic behavior with the coercive field between 55 and 65 Oe and the saturation magnetization at room temperature ranging from 7 (2.2% Co) to 28 emu/cm3 (8.5% Co). ESR measurements at X-band (9.5 GHz) revealed an anomaly in the temperature behavior of the absorption intensity near the temperature at 60 K. This behavior is attributed to an unconventional spin-glass-like behavior, which results from competition of long-range dipole-dipole interaction and anisotropy fields in ferromagnetic Co nanoparticles

  7. Microstructure Characterization of Sol-gel Prepared MoO3-TiO2 Thin Films for Oxygen Gas Sensors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yongxiang Li

    2000-01-01

    Binary metal oxide MoO3-TiO2 films have been prepared using the sol-gel technique. The thin films were annealed at several temperatures including 400℃,450℃,500℃,550℃ and 600℃ for lhour. The morphology, crystalline structure and chemical composition of the films have been analysed using SEM,XRD,RBS and XPS techniques. The SEM analysis showed that the films annealed at 450℃ are mainly smooth and uniform with 20-100nm-sized grains and with few particles as large as a micrometre or more. The XRD analysis revealed that the films annealed at 400℃ were a mixture of orthorhombic and hexagonal MoO3phases. The films annealed at 450℃ increased in hexagonal phase. The preferential orientation growth along(100) plane of the hexagonal phase and (010) plane of the orthorhombic phase has been found in both samples. RBS and XPS analysis showed that the films were stoichiometric. When the annealing temperature is increased to more than 500℃, the concentration ratio of MoO3 to TiO2 decreased due to the evaporation of MoO3. For the study of the electrical and gas sensing properties, films were deposited on sapphire substrates with interdigital electrodes on the front-side and a Pt heater on the backside. The O2 gas sensing properties of MoO3-TiO2 thin films are discussed.

  8. TiO2/SiO2 porous composite thin films: Role of TiO2 areal loading and modification with gold nanospheres on the photocatalytic activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levchuk, Irina; Sillanpää, Mika; Guillard, Chantal; Gregori, Damia; Chateau, Denis; Parola, Stephane

    2016-10-01

    The aim of the work was to study photocatalytic activity of composite TiO2/Au/SiO2 thin films. Coatings were prepared using sol-gel technique. Physicochemical parameters of coatings were characterized using UV-vis spectrometry, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray photoelectron spectrometry (XPS), inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES), ellipsometry, tactile measurements, goniometry and diffuse reflectance measurements. The photocatalytic activity of the films was tested in batch mode using aqueous solution of formic acid. Changes of formic acid concentration were determined by means of high pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC). Increase of initial degradation rate of formic acid was detected for TiO2/Au/SiO2 films with gold nanoparticle's load 0.5 wt.% and 1.25 wt.%. However, deeper insights using more detailed characterization of these coatings demonstrated that the improvement of the photocatalytic activity is more probably attributed to an increase in the areal loading of TiO2.

  9. Interdigitated electrode (IDE) for porcine detection based on titanium dioxide (TiO2) thin films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nordin, N.; Hashim, U.; Azizah, N.

    2016-07-01

    Interdigited Electrode (IDE) porcine detection can be accomplished to authenticate the halal issue that has been a concern to Muslim not only in Malaysia but all around the world. The method used is photolithography that used the p-type photoresist on the spin coater with 2500 rpm. Bare IDEs device is deposited with Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) to improve the performance of the device. The result indicates that current-voltage (I-V) measurement of porcine probe line slightly above porcine target due to negative charges repelled each other. The IDE device can detect the porcine presence in food as lowest as 1.0 µM. Better performance of the device can be achieved with the replacement of gold deposited to trigger more sensitivity of the device.

  10. Atomic layer deposition of TiO2 thin films on nanoporous alumina templates: Medical applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Narayan, Roger J.; Monteiro-Riviere, Nancy A.; Brigmon, Robin L.; Pellin, Michael J.; Elam, Jeffrey W.

    2009-06-01

    Nanostructured materials may play a significant role in controlled release of pharmacologic agents for treatment of cancer. Many nanoporous polymer materials are inadequate for use in drug delivery. Nanoporous alumina provides several advantages over other materials for use in controlled drug delivery and other medical applications. Atomic layer deposition was used to coat all the surfaces of a nanoporous alumina membrane in order to reduce the pore size in a controlled manner. Neither the 20 nm nor the 100 nm TiO2-coated nanoporous alumina membranes exhibited statistically lower viability compared to the uncoated nanoporous alumina membrane control materials. Nanostructured materials prepared using atomic layer deposition may be useful for delivering a pharmacologic agent at a precise rate to a specific location in the body. These materials may serve as the basis for “smart” drug delivery devices, orthopedic implants, or self-sterilizing medical devices.

  11. Fabrication of TiO2/EP super-hydrophobic thin film on filter paper surface.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Zhengxin; Zhai, Xianglin; Liu, Feng; Zhang, Ming; Zang, Deli; Wang, Chengyu

    2015-09-01

    A composite filter paper with super-hydrophobicity was obtained by adhering micro/nano structure of amorphous titanium dioxide on the filter paper surface with modifying low surface energy material. By virtue of the coupling agent, which plays an important part in bonding amorphous titanium dioxide and epoxy resin, the structure of super-hydrophobic thin film on the filter paper surface is extremely stable. The microstructure of super-hydrophobic filter paper was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), the images showed that the as-prepared filter paper was covered with uniform amorphous titanium dioxide particles, generating a roughness structure on the filter paper surface. The super-hydrophobic performance of the filter paper was characterized by water contact angle measurements. The observations showed that the wettability of filter paper samples transformed from super-hydrophilicity to super-hydrophobicity with the water contact angle of 153 ± 1°. Some experiments were also designed to test the effect of water-oil separation and UV-resistant by the super-hydrophobic filter paper. The prepared super-hydrophobic filter paper worked efficiently and simply in water-oil separation as well as enduringly in anti-UV property after the experiments. This method offers an opportunity to the practical applications of the super-hydrophobic filter paper. PMID:26005136

  12. 锌掺杂多孔SiO2/TiO2薄膜制备及光催化性能研究%Preparation of Zn-doped SiO2/TiO2 thin films by sol-gel processing and their photocatalytic properties

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡张顺; 姚伯龙; 鲍雪钦

    2013-01-01

    锌掺杂多孔SiO2/TiO2(多孔 Zn-SiO2/TiO2)复合薄膜自清洁玻璃以含聚乙二醇的钛醇盐和硅醇盐的复合溶胶前驱体通过浸渍提拉法制备.结果表明,在TiO2薄膜中添加SiO2可抑制TiO2晶粒长大,并提高TiO2薄膜的亲水性;随着聚乙二醇添加量的增加,锌掺杂多孔SiO2/TiO2薄膜的孔隙增多,表面积增大;经500℃煅烧的多孔Zn-SiO2/TiO2复合薄膜中,TiO2主要为催化效率高的锐钛矿相;多孔Zn-SiO2/TiO2复合薄膜表观光催化降解速率明显高于未掺锌多孔SiO2/TiO2薄膜.%The porous Zn-doped SiO2/TiO2(porous Zn-SiO2/TiO2) composite thin films on the glass substrate were prepared from alkoxide solutions containing polyethylene glycol(PEG) by sol-gel method. The results showed that the addition of SiO2 to TiO2 thin films can suppress the grain growth of TiO2 crystal in the TiO2 thin films, low the contact angle for water of TiO2 films; the pore size is adjusted by adding different amount of PEG, the anatase TiO2 can grow on the porous Zn-SiO2/TiO2 composite thin films at 500 ℃; studies of photocatalytic degradation show that the degradation rate of porous Zn-SiO2/TiO2 composite thin films were higher than that of un-doped porous SiO2/TiO2 composite thin films.

  13. Layer-by-layer TiO(2)/WO(3) thin films as efficient photocatalytic self-cleaning surfaces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patrocinio, Antonio Otavio T; Paula, Leonardo F; Paniago, Roberto M; Freitag, Janna; Bahnemann, Detlef W

    2014-10-01

    New TiO2/WO3 films were produced by the layer-by-layer (LbL) technique and successfully applied as self-cleaning photocatalytic surfaces. The films were deposited on fluorine doped tin oxide (FTO) glass substrates from the respective metal oxide nanoparticles obtained by the sol-gel method. Thirty alternative immersions in pH = 2 TiO2 and pH = 10 WO3 sols resulted in ca. 400 nm thick films that exhibited a W(VI)/Ti(IV) molar ratio of 0.5, as determined by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Scanning electron microscopy, along with atomic force images, showed that the resulting layers are constituted by aggregates of very small nanoparticles (cleaning, antifogging applications.

  14. Humidity sensing properties of La~(3+)/Ce~(3+)-doped TiO_2-20 wt.% SnO_2 thin films derived from sol-gel method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李红霞; 史志铭; 刘红伟

    2010-01-01

    The humidity sensing properties of La3+/Ce3+-doped TiO2-20 wt.%SnO2 thin films were studied.Sol-gel method was employed to prepare the films on alumina substrates.By constructing a humidity-impedance measuring system,the sensing behaviors were inspected for the films sintered at different temperatures.Experimental results showed that,0.5 wt.% of La2O3 or Ce2O3 doped films sintered at 500 °C for 2 h had the best humidity sensing properties,the impedance decreasing from 109 ? to below 104 ? in the humidity ra...

  15. Incorporation of N-doped TiO2 nanorods in regenerated cellulose thin films fabricated from recycled newspaper as a green portable photocatalyst.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohamed, Mohamad Azuwa; Salleh, W N W; Jaafar, Juhana; Ismail, A F; Abd Mutalib, Muhazri; Jamil, Siti Munira

    2015-11-20

    In this work, an environmental friendly RC/N-TiO2 nanocomposite thin film was designed as a green portable photocatalyst by utilizing recycled newspaper as sustainable cellulose resource. Investigations on the influence of N-doped TiO2 nanorods incorporation on the structural and morphological properties of RC/N-TiO2 nanocomposite thin film are presented. The resulting nanocomposite thin film was characterized by FESEM, AFM, FTIR, UV-vis-NIR spectroscopy, and XPS analysis. The results suggested that there was a remarkable compatibility between cellulose and N-doped TiO2 nanorods anchored onto the surface of the RC/N-TiO2 nanocomposite thin film. Under UV and visible irradiation, the RC/N-TiO2 nanocomposite thin film showed remarkable photocatalytic activity for the degradation of methylene blue solution with degradation percentage of 96% and 78.8%, respectively. It is crucial to note that the resulting portable photocatalyst produced via an environmental and green technique in its fabrication process has good potential in the field of water and wastewater treatment application.

  16. Low temperature growth study of nano-crystalline TiO2 thin films deposited by RF sputtering

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Precise control of the various structural phases of TiO2 at a low temperature is particularly important for practical applications. In this work, the deposition conditions for the growth of anatase and rutile phase at a low temperature (⩽300 °C) were optimized. TiO2 films were deposited by radio frequency (RF) sputtering of a ceramic TiO2 target in argon and argon-oxygen plasma (10 and 20% O2) at room temperature. For the films deposited in pure Ar and 20% O2, the growth temperature was varied from 25 to 400 °C. The plasma properties were investigated using optical emission spectroscopy (OES) in a wide range of values of gas composition (0–50% O2 in Ar-O2 mixture). The structural and chemical properties were characterized by means of x-ray diffraction (XRD) and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The results indicate that O2 addition to the Ar-O2 gas mixture significantly changed the density of the plasma species (Ar, Ar+, Ti, Ti+ and O), which in turn influence the crystal structure and surface chemistry of the prepared films. Anatase phase was obtained for the films grown in Ar-O2 plasma over the whole range of temperature. In contrast, the films deposited in argon discharge largely persist in amorphous phase at temperature ⩽200 °C and revealed the formation of single rutile phase at ⩾300 °C. The oxygen vacancies detected by XPS analysis for the films deposited in Ar plasma facilitate the growth of a rutile phase at low temperature (∼300 °C). Our results demonstrate that oxygen negative ions, oxygen vacancies and surface energy conditions at the substrate are the key parameters controlling the phase of the prepared films at low temperature. (paper)

  17. Structural Modification of Sol-Gel Synthesized V2O5 and TiO2 Thin Films with/without Erbium Doping

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatma Pınar Gökdemir

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Comparative work of with/without erbium- (Er- doped vanadium pentoxide (V2O5 and titanium dioxide (TiO2 thin films were carried out via sol-gel technique by dissolving erbium (III nitrate pentahydrate (Er(NO33·5H2O in vanadium (V oxoisopropoxide (OV[OCH(CH32]3 and titanium (IV isopropoxide (Ti[OCH(CH32]4. Effect of Er doping was traced by Fourier transform IR (FTIR, thermogravimetric/differential thermal (TG/DTA, and photoluminescence measurements. UV-Vis transmission/absorption measurement indicated a blue shift upon Er doping in V2O5 film due to the softening of V=O bond while appearance of typical absorption peaks in Er-doped TiO2 film. Granule size of the films increased (reduced upon Er substitution on host material compared to undoped V2O5 and TiO2 films, respectively.

  18. Optimization and comparative evaluation of optical and photocatalytic properties of TiO2 thin films prepared via sol–gel method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohd. Danish

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available TiO2 thin films were fabricated with optimization of the synthesis parameters for efficient photocatalysis. The films were sculptured from gels obtained from Ti(OiPr4 and Ti(OBus4 via spin coating at different rotation speed ranging from 1000 rpm to 3000 rpm. Thicknesses of the films were in the range of ≈112–160 nm. The X-ray diffractograms showed a phase transformation from anatase to rutile along with an increase in average crystallite size from 11 nm to 18 nm with a decrease in thickness of the films. Refractive index (n values of the films were in the range of 2.50–3.45 while extinction coefficient (k values ranged from 0.090 to 0.860. These films were transparent with high transmittance (T ⩽ 95% in the visible region. The optical band gaps for films were calculated to be in the range of 3.00–3.95 eV. Photocatalytic degradations of methylene blue by the fabricated TiO2 thin films have also been investigated.

  19. STS study of TiO2 film and Pt-deposited TiO2 film in air

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Min; Jin Zhensheng

    2004-01-01

    Direct investigation of the electronic structure of catalyst surfaces on the near-atomic scale in general has not been impossible in the past. However, with the advent of the scanning tunneling microscope (STM), the opportunity arises for incorporating the scanning tunneling spectroscopy (STS) for correlation in-situ surface electronic structure with topography on a sub-nanometer scale. In this paper, we report the STS results of thin film TiO2 and Pt-deposited TiO2 annealed at 450℃. It was found that the TiO2 semiconductor changes from n-type to p-type after Pt deposition.Fig. 1 shows the surface electronic property (Ⅰ-Ⅴ curve) of thin TiO2 film measured in air by STS. A steep descent of the anodic tunneling current at ca.- 1.0 Ⅴ and a rapid ascent of cathodic tunneling current at ca. +2.0V. The zero bias represents the Fermi level (Ef). Ef is situated at the Ecb side indicating that the thin TiO2 film possesses the same band gap as that of bulk TiO2 phase ( Egs =3.0 to 3.2 eV). For the sample of Pt-deposited TiO2 film, Pt/(Pt+Ti+O) atomic ratio≈0.2, which indicates that the surface of TiO2 film is partly covered by Pt particles, and there are two types of Ⅰ-Ⅴ curves to be detected. One of them (Fig.2a)is attributed to the electronic property of TiO2, which has same Egs as that shown in Fig. 1. However, the Ef is transferred to valence side (△≈1eV). This phenomenon hints that TiO2 is doped by an impurity which can introduce h+ into TiO2 lattice.Such a type of defects may be described by Ti1-xPtxO2(h )2x, here Pt+2 as a substitutional site of Ti+4. Fig.2b is the Ⅰ-Ⅴ curve of a Pt particle situated on a TiO2 particle contained Ti1-xPtxO2(h )2x.

  20. Schottky junction/ohmic contact behavior of a nanoporous TiO(2) thin film photoanode in contact with redox electrolyte solutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaneko, Masao; Ueno, Hirohito; Nemoto, Junichi

    2011-01-01

    The nature and photoelectrochemical reactivity of nanoporous semiconductor electrodes have attracted a great deal of attention. Nanostructured materials have promising capabilities applicable for the construction of various photonic and electronic devices. In this paper, a mesoporous TiO(2) thin film photoanode was soaked in an aqueous methanol solution using an O(2)-reducing Pt-based cathode in contact with atmospheric air on the back side. It was shown from distinct photocurrents in the cyclic voltammogram (CV) that the nanosurface of the mesoporous n-TiO(2) film forms a Schottky junction with water containing a strong electron donor such as methanol. Formation of a Schottky junction (liquid junction) was also proved by Mott-Schottky plots at the mesoporous TiO(2) thin film photoanode, and the thickness of the space charge layer was estimated to be very thin, i.e., only 3.1 nm at -0.1 V vs Ag/AgCl. On the other hand, the presence of [Fe(CN)(6)](4-) and the absence of methanol brought about ohmic contact behavior on the TiO(2) film and exhibited reversible redox waves in the dark due to the [Fe(CN)(6)](4-/3-) couple. Further studies showed that multiple Schottky junctions/ohmic contact behavior inducing simultaneously both photocurrent and overlapped reversible redox waves was found in the CV of a nanoporous TiO(2) photoanode soaked in an aqueous redox electrolyte solution containing methanol and [Fe(CN)(6)](4-). That is, the TiO(2) nanosurface responds to [Fe(CN)(6)](4-) to give ohmic redox waves overlapped simultaneously with photocurrents due to the Schottky junction. Additionally, a second step photocurrent generation was observed in the presence of both MeOH and [Fe(CN)(6)](4-) around the redox potential of the iron complex. It was suggested that the iron complex forms a second Schottky junction for which the flat band potential (E(fb)) lies near the redox potential of the iron complex.

  1. Schottky junction/ohmic contact behavior of a nanoporous TiO2 thin film photoanode in contact with redox electrolyte solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masao Kaneko

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available The nature and photoelectrochemical reactivity of nanoporous semiconductor electrodes have attracted a great deal of attention. Nanostructured materials have promising capabilities applicable for the construction of various photonic and electronic devices. In this paper, a mesoporous TiO2 thin film photoanode was soaked in an aqueous methanol solution using an O2-reducing Pt-based cathode in contact with atmospheric air on the back side. It was shown from distinct photocurrents in the cyclic voltammogram (CV that the nanosurface of the mesoporous n-TiO2 film forms a Schottky junction with water containing a strong electron donor such as methanol. Formation of a Schottky junction (liquid junction was also proved by Mott–Schottky plots at the mesoporous TiO2 thin film photoanode, and the thickness of the space charge layer was estimated to be very thin, i.e., only 3.1 nm at −0.1 V vs Ag/AgCl. On the other hand, the presence of [Fe(CN6]4− and the absence of methanol brought about ohmic contact behavior on the TiO2 film and exhibited reversible redox waves in the dark due to the [Fe(CN6]4−/3− couple. Further studies showed that multiple Schottky junctions/ohmic contact behavior inducing simultaneously both photocurrent and overlapped reversible redox waves was found in the CV of a nanoporous TiO2 photoanode soaked in an aqueous redox electrolyte solution containing methanol and [Fe(CN6]4−. That is, the TiO2 nanosurface responds to [Fe(CN6]4− to give ohmic redox waves overlapped simultaneously with photocurrents due to the Schottky junction. Additionally, a second step photocurrent generation was observed in the presence of both MeOH and [Fe(CN6]4− around the redox potential of the iron complex. It was suggested that the iron complex forms a second Schottky junction for which the flat band potential (Efb lies near the redox potential of the iron complex.

  2. Photoelectric properties of thin Eu3+-doped TiO2 films sensitized by cis-RuL2(SCN)2·2H2O

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Xiaohong; QIN Wei; WANG Song; JIANG Zhaohua; GUO Yun; XIE Zhaoyang

    2006-01-01

    Thin nanocrystalline TiO2 films doped by europium ions (Eu3+) were obtained by the sol-gel method. The photoelectric properties of Eu3+-doped TiO2 film electrode sensitized by cis-RuL2(SCN)2·2H2O(L=cis-2,2'-bipyridine-4,4'-dicarboxlic acid) ruthenium complex were studied. The thin filmswere characterized by X-ray diffraction, atomic force microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Effect of doping Eu3+ on microscopic structure and photoelectrical properties were discussed. The result shows that doping europium ions makes specific surface area of these films larger, which contributes toimproving the photoelectric properties. It is found that an optimal compositiondoped with 0.2 mol.% Eu3+ exhibits the highest photoelectric properties. I sc is 0.37 mA·cm-2 , which is 0.17mA·cm-2 bigger than that of un-doped films;Voc is 405 mV, which is 50 mV bigger than thatof un-doped films.

  3. Effect of crystal structure on photoinduced superhydrophilicity of copper grafted TiO2 nanostructure thin film

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Akbar Eshaghi; Ameneh Eshaghi

    2013-02-01

    In this work, copper grafted titanium dioxide (rutile and brookite) thin films were deposited on glass substrates using the dip-coatingmethod. Field emission scanning electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy were used to evaluate the surface morphology and properties of the film surfaces. The water contact angle on the film surfaces during irradiation and storage in a dark place was measured by a contact angle analyser. The results indicate that copper grafted titanium dioxide brookite thin film showed higher hydrophilicity than copper grafted titania rutile thin film.

  4. Dye sensitized solar cell applications of CdTiO3-TiO2 composite thin films deposited from single molecular complex

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ehsan, Muhammad Ali; Khaledi, Hamid; Pandikumar, Alagarsamy; Huang, Nay Ming; Arifin, Zainudin; Mazhar, Muhammad

    2015-10-01

    A heterobimetallic complex [Cd2Ti4(μ-O)6(TFA)8(THF)6]·1.5THF (1) (TFA=trifluoroacetato, THF=tetrahydrofuran) comprising of Cd:Ti (1:2) ratio was synthesized by a chemical reaction of cadmium (II) acetate with titanium (IV) isopropoxide and triflouroacetic acid in THF. The stoichiometry of (1) was recognized by single crystal X-ray diffraction, spectroscopic and elemental analyses. Thermal studies revealed that (1) neatly decomposes at 450 °C to furnish 1:1 ratio of cadmium titanate:titania composite oxides material. The thin films of CdTiO3-TiO2 composite oxides were deposited at 550 °C on fluorine doped tin oxide coated conducting glass substrate in air ambient. The micro-structure, crystallinity, phase identification and chemical composition of microspherical architectured CdTiO3-TiO2 composite thin film have been determined by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy and energy dispersive X-ray analysis. The scope of composite thin film having band gap of 3.1 eV was explored as photoanode for dye-sensitized solar cell application.

  5. Photocatalytic activity of bipolar pulsed magnetron sputter deposited TiO2/TiWOx thin films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weng, Ko-Wei; Hu, Chung-Hsuan; Hua, Li-Yu; Lee, Chin-Tan; Zhao, Yu-Xiang; Chang, Julian; Yang, Shu-Yi; Han, Sheng

    2016-08-01

    Titanium oxide films were formed by sputtering and then TiWOx films were deposited by bipolar pulsed magnetron sputtering with pure titanium and tungsten metal targets. The sputtering of titanium oxide with tungsten enhanced the orientation of the TiO2 (1 0 1) plane of the specimen assemblies. The main varying parameter was the tungsten pulse power. Titanium oxide sputtered with tungsten using a pulsing power of 50 W exhibited a superior hydrophilic property, and a contact angle of 13.1°. This fabrication conditions maximized the photocatalytic decomposition of methylene blue solution. The mechanism by which the titanium oxide was sputtered with tungsten involves the photogeneration of holes and electron traps, inhibiting the hole-electron recombination, enhancing hydrophilicity and reducing the contact angle.

  6. Semi-transparent ordered TiO2 nanostructures prepared by anodization of titanium thin films deposited onto the FTO substrate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szkoda, Mariusz; Lisowska-Oleksiak, Anna; Grochowska, Katarzyna; Skowroński, Łukasz; Karczewski, Jakub; Siuzdak, Katarzyna

    2016-09-01

    In a significant amount of cases, the highly ordered TiO2 nanotube arrays grow through anodic oxidation of a titanium metal plate immersed in electrolyte containing fluoride ions. However, for some practical applications, e.g. solar cells or electrochromic windows, the semi-transparent TiO2 formed directly on the transparent, conductive substrate is very much desired. This work shows that high-quality Ti coating could be formed at room temperature using an industrial magnetron sputtering system within 50 min. Under optimized conditions, the anodization process was performed on 2 μm titanium films deposited onto the FTO (fluorine-tin-oxide) support. Depending on the electrolyte type, highly ordered tubular or porous titania layers were obtained. The fabricated samples, after their thermal annealing, were investigated using scanning electron microscopy, Raman spectroscopy and UV-vis spectroscopy in order to investigate their morphology, crystallinity and absorbance ability. The photocurrent response curves indicate that materials are resistant to the photocorrosion process and their activity is strongly connected to optical properties. The most transparent TiO2 films were fabricated when Ti was anodized in water electrolyte, whereas the highest photocurrent densities (12 μA cm-2) were registered for titania received after Ti anodization in ethylene glycol solution. The obtained results are of significant importance in the production of thin, semi-transparent titania nanostructures on a commercial scale.

  7. A Surface Photovoltage Study of Surface Defects on Co-Doped TiO2 Thin Films Deposited by Spray Pyrolysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henry Wafula

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Surface photovoltage (SPV spectroscopy is a powerful tool for studying electronic defects on semiconductor surfaces, at interfaces, and in bulk for a wide range of materials. Undoped and Cobalt-doped TiO2 (CTO thin films were deposited on Crystalline Silicon (c-Si and Flourine doped Tin oxide (SnO2:F substrates by chemical spray pyrolysis at a substrate temperature of 400 °C. The concentration of the Co dopant in the films was determined by Rutherford backscattering spectrometry and ranged between 0 and 4.51 at %. The amplitude of the SPV signals increased proportionately with the amount of Co in the films, which was a result of the enhancement of the slow processes of charge separation and recombination. Photogenerated holes were trapped at the surface, slowing down the time response and relaxation of the samples. The surface states were effectively passivated by a thin In2S3 over-layer sprayed on top of the TiO2 and CTO films.

  8. The structural studies of Ag containing TiO2-SiO2 gels and thin films deposited on steel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adamczyk, Anna; Rokita, Magdalena

    2016-06-01

    FTIR spectroscopic structural studies of titania-silica monolith samples as well as thin films deposited on steel were described in this work. Thin films were synthesized by the sol-gel method applying the dip coating as separate one-component TiO2 and/or SiO2 layers or as two-component TiO2-SiO2 thin films. Silver nanoparticles were incorporated into the structure from pure SiO2 sol, deposited then as an additional layer in those hybrid multilayers systems. Except the spectroscopic studies, XRD diffraction, SEM microscopy with EDX analysis and AFM microscopy were applied. The structural studies allow to describe and compare the structure and the morphology of thin films, as well those Ag free as Ag containing ones, also by the comparison with the structure of bulk samples. In FTIR spectra, the band observed at about 613 cm-1 can be connected with the presence of the non-tetrahedral cation in the structure and is observed only in the spectra of Ag containing bulk samples and thin films. The bands at 435-467 cm-1 are due to the stretching vibrations of Ti-O bonds or as well to the bending vibrations of O-Si-O one. In the ranges of 779-799 cm-1 and 1027-1098 cm-1, the bands ascribed to the symmetric stretching vibrations and asymmetric vibrations of Si-O-Si connections, respectively, are observed. SEM and AFM images gave the information on the microstructure and the topography of samples surface. XRD measurements confirmed the presence of only amorphous phase in samples up to 500 °C and allowed to observe the tendency of their crystallization.

  9. Towards developing an efficient sensitive element for trinitrotoluene detection: TiO2 thin films functionalized with molecularly imprinted copolymer films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lazau, Carmen; Iordache, Tanta-Verona; Florea, Ana-Mihaela; Orha, Corina; Bandas, Cornelia; Radu, Anita-Laura; Sarbu, Andrei; Rotariu, Traian

    2016-10-01

    In this study, TiO2 films were successfully grown in-situ onto a FTO substrate by a hydrothermal method, using TiCl4 as Ti precursor, and further on functionalized with a 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene-molecularly imprinted polymer (TNT-MIP) film as a preliminary step in developing a trinitrotoluene (TNT) reusable sensor to overcome the international security issues. For investigating the TiO2 film thickness, crystalline structure and morphology, the films were autoclaved at 200 °C at different times. The X-ray diffraction showed that TiO2 films possessed a rutile structure, with no cracks visible by atomic force microscopy (AFM), and the films morphology observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was highly dependent upon the hydrothermal treatment time. Yet, the TiO2 films with a more porous surface were more suitable for TNT-MIP film deposit. Rheology of precursor polymer film solutions, based on poly (acrylonitrile-co-acrylic acid), poly (acrylonitrile-co-methacrylic acid) or poly (acrylonitrile- co-itaconic acid), and the structure and adherence of TNT-MIP films were investigated in order to establish the correct recipe of the MIP. The removal yield of TNT from the imprinted films, the thickness, the porosity and the compatibility with the inorganic TiO2 film were adequate for the poly (acrylonitrile-co-acrylic acid) system with an acrylonitrile: acrylic acid practical ratio of 86.1:13.9 (wt./wt.). Farmore, AFM morphology corroborated with SEM results highlighted the effect of TNT imprinting in the copolymer matrix as the surface of the imprinted layer was quite different from that of the non-imprinted layer.

  10. Real-time identification of the evolution of conducting nano-filaments in TiO2 thin film ReRAM.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Seul Ji; Seok, Jun Yeong; Yoon, Jung Ho; Kim, Kyung Min; Kim, Gun Hwan; Lee, Min Hwan; Hwang, Cheol Seong

    2013-01-01

    Unipolar resistance switching (RS) in TiO2 thin films originates from the repeated formation and rupture of the Magnéli phase conducting filaments through repeated nano-scale phase transitions. By applying the Johnson-Mehl-Avrami (JMA) type kinetic model to the careful analysis on the evolution of transient current in a pulse-switching, it was possible to elucidate the material specific evolution of the Magnéli phase filament. This methodology was applied to the two types of TiO2 films grown by plasma-enhanced atomic layer deposition (PEALD) and sputtering. These two samples have structurally and electrically distinctive properties: PEALD film exhibited high variability in switching parameters and required an electroforming while sputtered film showed higher uniformity without distinct electroforming process. The JMA-type kinetic analysis of the RS behaviors revealed that the rejuvenation of the filament is accomplished by repeated one-dimensional nucleation followed by a two-dimensional growth in PEALD samples, whereas one-dimensional nucleation-free mechanism dominates in sputtered films. PMID:24309421

  11. Effect of variation of precursor concentration on structural, microstructural, optical and gas sensing properties of nanocrystalline TiO2 thin films prepared by spray pyrolysis techniques

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Lalchand A Patil; Dinesh N Suryawanshi; Idris G Pathan; Dhanashri G Patil

    2013-12-01

    The objective of the present paper is to investigate the effect of variation of precursor concentration (0.01, 0.02 and 0.03 M) on the structural, microstructural, optical and gas sensing properties of TiO2 thin films. Titanium dioxide (TiO2) films were prepared from aqueous solution of titanium chloride (TiCl3.6H2O, 99.9%pure, Merckmade, Germany) onto the glass substrates heated at a temperature of 350 °C by the spray pyrolysis technique. Bandgap energy of the films vary from 3.28 to 3.29 eV. X-ray diffraction shows that films to be nanocrystalline with anatase phase having tetragonal crystal structure. The values calculated from electron diffraction patterns (TEM) were observed to be matching with values calculated from XRD. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) reveled that grain sizes were observed to increase (10–29 nm) with an increase in the concentration of precursor solution. The gas sensing performance of the films was tested.

  12. Photocatalytic Antibacterial Performance of Glass Fibers Thin Film Coated with N-Doped SnO2/TiO2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peerawas Kongsong

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Both N-doped and undoped thin films of 3SnO2/TiO2 composite were prepared, by sol-gel and dip-coating methods, and then calcined at 600°C for 2 hours. The films were characterized by FTIR, XRD, UV-Vis, SEM, and XPS, and their photocatalytic activities to degrade methylene blue in solution were determined, expecting these activities to correlate with the inactivation of bacteria, which was confirmed. The doped and undoped films were tested for activities against Gram-negative Escherichia coli (E. coli and Salmonella typhi (S. typhi, and Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus. The effects of doping on these composite films included reduced energy band gap, high crystallinity of anatase phase, and small crystallite size as well as increased photocatalytic activity and water disinfection efficiency.

  13. Effect of Plasma Irradiation on Formation of TiO2 Thin-Film in Electron Cyclotron Resonance Sheet Plasma Source

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sugihara, Shinji; Ishii, Shigeyuki; Honbo, Eiji; Kato, Yushi

    2000-10-01

    We have studied the effect of plasma irradiation on formation of TiO2 thin-films. Substrates of deposition are irradiated by high-purity plasma of the electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) source. TiO2 thin-films are formed by reactive sputtering deposition. In the plasma source, divergent magnetic fields are formed with external permanent magnets whose N poles face each other. Microwave of 2.45-GHz frequency is launched through a quartz window from a slot antenna in-between the magnets. The generated plasma flows to side walls along the divergent magnetic fields. On one side a Ti target is placed and on the other a glass substrate is placed. The target form is a rectangle and the substrate is placed at a distance of 15 cm. A shutter is placed in front of the substrate to prevent plasma flowing from the resonance zone. Argon and oxygen gases are used for reactive sputtering and the working pressure is about 0.01 - 0.1 Pa. The negative dc bias of 1000 V is applied to the target for sputtering. The generated films are of rutile with shutter opened and of anatase with shutter closed. We will try to clear whether the effect is due to annealing or others.

  14. Interposition fixing structure of TiO2 film deposited on activated carbon fibers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FU Ping-feng; LUAN Yong; DAI Xue-gang

    2006-01-01

    The immobilized photocatalyst, TiO2 film supported on activated carbon fibers (TiO2/ACFs) prepared with molecular adsorption-deposition (MAD), exhibits high stability in cyclic photodegradation runs. The interposition fixing structure between TiO2 film and carbon fiber was investigated by means of SEM-EDX, XRD, XPS and FTIR, and a model was proposed to explain this structure. With SEM examination of carbon fiber surface after removing the deposited TiO2 film, a residual TiO2 super-thin film was found to exist still. By determining surface groups on ACFs, titanium sulfate (Ti2(SO4)3) in burnt remainders of the TiO2/ACFs was thought to be formed with an interfacial reaction between TiO2 film and carbon fibers. These provide some evidence of firm attachment of TiO2 film to carbon fiber surface. In the consideration of characteristics of the MAD, the deposition mechanism of TiO2 film on ACFs was proposed, and the interposition fixing structure was inferred to intercrossedly form between TiO2 film and ACFs' surface. This structure leaded to firm attachment and high stability of the TiO2 film.

  15. SiO2/TiO2/n-Si/Ag(Cr)/TiO2 thin films with superhydrophilicity and low-emissivity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loka, Chadrasekhar; Ryeol Park, Kyoung; Lee, Kee-Sun

    2016-01-01

    In this study, SiO2/TiO2/n-Si/Ag(Cr)/TiO2 multilayer structures have been designed and deposited by the RF and DC magnetron sputtering at room temperature. The as-deposited TiO2/glass films which are initially amorphous in nature were subjected to post annealing at 673 K for anatase phase TiO2. The anatase TiO2 films showed an optical bandgap ˜3.32 eV. The Ag(Cr)/TiO2 showed very low-emissivity (low-e) value ˜0.081 which is evaluated by using the sheet resistance (6.51 Ω/□) of the films. All the deposited films showed high visible transmittance (˜81%) and high infrared reflectance (72%) which are recorded by using the UV-vis-NIR spectrophotometer. In addition, experimentally obtained optical properties were in good agreement with the simulation data. The TiO2/n-Si heterojunction concept has been employed to enhance the superhydrophilicity of the deposited multilayer stack, TiO2/n-Si/Ag(Cr)/TiO2 films exhibited best superhydrophilicity with water contact angle ˜2°. The deposited multilayer structures SiO2/TiO2/n-Si/Ag(Cr)/TiO2 and TiO2/n-Si/Ag(Cr)/TiO2 achieved significant low-e and superhydrophilicity.

  16. Transport properties of ultra-thin VO2 films on (001) TiO2 grown by reactive molecular-beam epitaxy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report the growth of (001)-oriented VO2 films as thin as 1.5 nm with abrupt and reproducible metal-insulator transitions (MIT) without a capping layer. Limitations to the growth of thinner films with sharp MITs are discussed, including the Volmer-Weber type growth mode due to the high energy of the (001) VO2 surface. Another key limitation is interdiffusion with the (001) TiO2 substrate, which we quantify using low angle annular dark field scanning transmission electron microscopy in conjunction with electron energy loss spectroscopy. We find that controlling island coalescence on the (001) surface and minimization of cation interdiffusion by using a low growth temperature followed by a brief anneal at higher temperature are crucial for realizing ultrathin VO2 films with abrupt MIT behavior

  17. Transport properties of ultra-thin VO2 films on (001) TiO2 grown by reactive molecular-beam epitaxy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paik, Hanjong; Moyer, Jarrett A.; Spila, Timothy; Tashman, Joshua W.; Mundy, Julia A.; Freeman, Eugene; Shukla, Nikhil; Lapano, Jason M.; Engel-Herbert, Roman; Zander, Willi; Schubert, Jürgen; Muller, David A.; Datta, Suman; Schiffer, Peter; Schlom, Darrell G.

    2015-10-01

    We report the growth of (001)-oriented VO2 films as thin as 1.5 nm with abrupt and reproducible metal-insulator transitions (MIT) without a capping layer. Limitations to the growth of thinner films with sharp MITs are discussed, including the Volmer-Weber type growth mode due to the high energy of the (001) VO2 surface. Another key limitation is interdiffusion with the (001) TiO2 substrate, which we quantify using low angle annular dark field scanning transmission electron microscopy in conjunction with electron energy loss spectroscopy. We find that controlling island coalescence on the (001) surface and minimization of cation interdiffusion by using a low growth temperature followed by a brief anneal at higher temperature are crucial for realizing ultrathin VO2 films with abrupt MIT behavior.

  18. Effect of defects in TiO2 nanotube thin film on the photovoltaic properties of quantum dot-sensitized solar cells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the liquid-phase-deposition (LPD) method, the deposition temperature is considered to be one of the most important factors in TiO2 nanotube crystal growth. We investigated the effects of the deposition temperature on the surface morphology and defects in TiO2 nanotube (NT–TiO2) thin film electrodes utilizing scanning-electron-microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and photoluminescence (PL), together with the effects of these on the photovoltaic characteristics of CdSe quantum dot (QD)-sensitized NT–TiO2 solar cells. In addition, we studied the effect of these defects on the physical properties, such as the carrier recombination and electron transport at the TiO2 and TiO2/QD interface. NT–TiO2 electrodes prepared at low temperatures have a more uniform surface and lower defects than those prepared at high temperatures. From the PL measurements and the photovoltaic characterization such as shunt resistance (Rsh) and open circuit voltage decay (OCVD), these defects can act as carrier recombination centers. The defect density increases with increasing deposition temperature, leading to an increase in carrier recombination. Series resistances (Rs) of the solar cells with NT–TiO2 electrodes prepared at high temperatures were larger than those of the solar cells with NT–TiO2 electrodes prepared at low temperatures, suggesting that the defects can also affect the carrier transport characteristics. Eventually, CdSe QD-sensitized NT–TiO2 solar cells employing NT–TiO2 prepared at low temperatures showed higher conversion efficiencies than those prepared at high temperatures

  19. TiO2/SiO2纳米薄膜的光催化活性和亲水性%Photocatalytic Activity and Hydrophilic Property of TiO2/SiO2 Composite Nanometer Thin Films

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余家国; 赵修建; 陈文梅; 林立; 张艾丽

    2001-01-01

    通过 sol-gel工艺在钠钙玻璃表面制备了均匀透明的 TiO2/SiO2复合纳米薄膜 .实验结果表明 : 当 SiO2添加量较高时 , TiO2/SiO2复合纳米薄膜的光催化活性明显降低 ;当 SiO2添加量较低时 ,TiO2/SiO2复合薄膜的光催化活性无明显变化 .在 TiO2薄膜中添加 SiO2,可以抑制薄膜中 TiO2晶粒的长大 ,同时薄膜表面的羟基含量增加 , 水在复合薄膜表面的润湿角下降 , 亲水能力增强 .当 SiO2含量为 10%- 20%(摩尔分数)时获得了润湿角为 0°的超亲水性薄膜 .%The uniform transparent TiO2/SiO2 composite nanometer thin films were prepared via sol-gel processing on the soda lime glass substrates.The photocatalytic activity of the as prepared TiO2/SiO2 composite nanometer thin films obviously decreases when the amount of SiO2 addition is large.However,the photocatalytic activity has no obvious change when the amount of SiO2 addition is small (Table 2).The addition of SiO2 can suppress the grain growth of TiO2 crystal,increase the hydroxyl content of TiO2 film,decrease the contact angle for water of TiO2 films and enhance the hydrophilic property of TiO2 films.The super-hydrophilic TiO2/SiO2 composite nanometer films with the contact angle of 0o were obtained by the addition of 10%- 20% (mole fraction) SiO2.

  20. Highly antibacterial activity of N-doped TiO2 thin films coated on stainless steel brackets under visible light irradiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this study, the radio frequency (RF) magnetron sputtering method was used to prepare a TiO2 thin film on the surface of stainless steel brackets. Eighteen groups of samples were made according to the experimental parameters. The crystal structure and surface morphology were characterized by X-ray diffraction, and scanning electron microscopy, respectively. The photocatalytic properties under visible light irradiation were evaluated by measuring the degradation ratio of methylene blue. The sputtering temperature was set at 300 °C, and the time was set as 180 min, the ratio of Ar to N was 30:1, and annealing temperature was set at 450 °C. The thin films made under these parameters had the highest visible light photocatalytic activity of all the combinations of parameters tested. Antibacterial activities of the selected thin films were also tested against Lactobacillus acidophilus and Candida albicans. The results demonstrated the thin film prepared under the parameters above showed the highest antibacterial activity.

  1. Photo-induced properties of thin TiO2 films deposited using the radio frequency plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition method

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Thin titanium oxide films were deposited with the help of radio frequency plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition technique. The RF power of deposition was applied as the operational parameter of the process, and optical properties, transmittance in particular, of the films were utilized as criterion for their selection. Photo-induced properties of the films, including a change of water wettability under the effect of illumination and photocatalytic activity, were studied. A substantial decrease of water contact angle was observed upon the irradiation of the films with ultraviolet (UV) light. The largest increase of water wettability was obtained for the surfaces of the films exhibiting the highest value of index of refraction. Testing of the photo-catalytic activity of the titanium oxide films comprised UV light-induced decomposition of benzene and aniline dissolved in water and bactericidal action against the Escherichia coli strain DH5α. The largest bactericidal efficiency was observed in the case of the film characterized by the highest index of refraction. Auger Electron Spectroscopy measurements have shown that the film composition is that of a nearly stoichiometric TiO2, with a small chlorine contamination

  2. TiO2/Ti转盘液膜反应器光电催化处理罗丹明B%Treatment of Rhodamine B solution using TiO2/Ti rotating disk thin-film reactor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐云兰; 贾金平

    2012-01-01

    采用溶胶-凝胶法制备了TiO2/Ti电极,X射线衍射(XRD)分析表明,TiO2主要为锐钛矿,晶粒尺寸约为46 nm.以TiO2/Ti电极作阳极,Cu电极作阴极,组装成转盘液膜反应器,考察了其光电催化处理染料罗丹明B(RhB)的影响因素(转盘转速、偏压、溶液初始pH、RhB初始浓度和电解质浓度).得到最佳处理条件为:转盘转速90 r/min,偏压0.4V,溶液初始pH2.5,电解质(硫酸钠)质量浓度0.5 g/L.在最佳处理条件下,处理20 mg/L RhB染料废水90 min的脱色率和总有机碳(TOC)去除率分别达到97.2%和72.7%.结果表明,由于同时强化了激发光源的利用率和溶液的传质效率,TiO2/Ti转盘液膜反应器可高效光电催化处理染料废水.%TiO2/Ti electrode was prepared by sol-gel method for photoelectrocatalysis treatment of the Rhoda mine B (RhB) solution in a rotating disk thin-film reactor. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis showed the TiO2 photo catast was anatase with grain size of 46 nm. The effect of rotating speed,bias potential,initial pH,initial RhB concen tration and supporting salt concentration on RhB degradation was investigated and the optimal treatment conditions were obtained as follow:rotating speed 90 r/min,bias potential 0. 4 V,initial pH 2. 5 and supporting salt concentration 0. 5 g/L. Under these conditions, color and TOC removal efficiency of 20 mg/L RhB solution reached 97. 2% and 72. 7% respectively after 90 min treatment. The perfect performance of TiO2/Ti rotating disk thin-film reactor for RhB degradation could be attribute to its enhancement to light utilization efficiency and mass transfer velocity.

  3. Anomalous C-V response correlated to relaxation processes in TiO2 thin film based-metal-insulator-metal capacitor: Effect of titanium and oxygen defects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kahouli, A.; Marichy, C.; Sylvestre, A.; Pinna, N.

    2015-04-01

    Capacitance-voltage (C-V) and capacitance-frequency (C-f) measurements are performed on atomic layer deposited TiO2 thin films with top and bottom Au and Pt electrodes, respectively, over a large temperature and frequency range. A sharp capacitance peak/discontinuity (C-V anomalous) is observed in the C-V characteristics at various temperatures and voltages. It is demonstrated that this phenomenon is directly associated with oxygen vacancies. The C-V peak irreversibility and dissymmetry at the reversal dc voltage are attributed to difference between the Schottky contacts at the metal/TiO2 interfaces. Dielectric analyses reveal two relaxation processes with degeneration of the activation energy. The low trap level of 0.60-0.65 eV is associated with the first ionized oxygen vacancy at low temperature, while the deep trap level of 1.05 eV is associated to the second ionized oxygen vacancy at high temperature. The DC conductivity of the films exhibits a transition temperature at 200 °C, suggesting a transition from a conduction regime governed by ionized oxygen vacancies to one governed by interstitial Ti3+ ions. Both the C-V anomalous and relaxation processes in TiO2 arise from oxygen vacancies, while the conduction mechanism at high temperature is governed by interstitial titanium ions.

  4. Evolution of structural and magnetic properties of Co-doped TiO2 thin films irradiated with 100 MeV Ag7+ ions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohanty, P.; Singh, V. P.; Mishra, N. C.; Ojha, S.; Kanjilal, D.; Rath, Chandana

    2014-08-01

    In continuation to our earlier studies where we have shown room temperature ferromagnetism observed in TiO2 and Co-doped TiO2 (CTO) thin films independent of their phase (Mohanty et al 2012 J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 45 325301), here the modifications in structure and magnetic properties in CTO thin films using 100 MeV Ag7+ ion irradiation are reported. Owing to the important role of defects in tailoring the magnetic properties of the material, we vary the ion fluence from 5 × 1011 to 1 × 1012 ions cm-2 to create post-deposition defects. While the film deposited under 0.1 mTorr oxygen partial pressure retains its crystallinity showing radiation-resistant behaviour even at a fluence of 1 × 1012 ions cm-2, films deposited under 1 to 300 mTorr oxygen partial pressure becomes almost amorphous at the same fluence. Using Poisson's law, the diameter of the amorphized region surrounding the ion path is calculated to be ˜4.2 nm from the x-ray diffraction peak intensity ((1 1 0) for rutile phase) as a function of ion fluence. The saturation magnetization (Ms) decreases exponentially similar to the decrease in x-ray peak intensity with fluence, indicating magnetic disordered region surrounding the ion path. The diameter of the magnetic disordered region is found to be ˜6.6 nm which is larger than the diameter of the amorphized latent track. Therefore, it is confirmed that swift heavy ion irradiation induces a more significant magnetic disorder than the structural disorder.

  5. Photocatalytic degradation of methylorange Using TiO2, WO3 and mixed thin films under controlled pH and H2O2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carcel, Radu Adrian; Andronic, Luminita; Duta, Anca

    2011-10-01

    Wastewaters resulting from textile industry sector have a different chemistry compared with most of the other wastewaters. The different dyes in excess are usually very stable and even small quantities can have a major impact to the effluent. In order to treat these wastewaters, photodegradation is a largely investigated process that can be up-scaled. Photocatalysts based on wide band gap semiconductors can be used in heterogeneous photocatalysis and mostly reported are TiO2 and WO3. Under UV irradiation they form electron-hole pairs that produce active species that can oxidize the dye molecules. The electron-hole recombination represents the main cause for low efficiencies and is limited by the use of oxidant systems like H2O2. Doctor blade technique, a reproducible, up-scalable and low cost technique was used to obtain thin films. The reference dye, used in this experiment is methylorange in solution of 0.0125 mM, corresponding to average polluted water. In order to reduce the recombination in the catalysts, H2O2 is used. Another important aspect of the dye photocatalysis process, investigated in the paper is the adsorption of the dye molecule on the photocatalyst surface, strongly depending on pH which affects the dye's structure and the surface charge. Experiments are conducted at fixed pH values: 3, and respectively 7 covering values below and over the ZPC of the photocatalysts. The results show that TiO2/WO3 films have higher efficiency then the TiO2 and WO3 films, mainly due to the surface morphology of the films. By adding H2O2, higher efficiencies are obtained, confirming that the electron-hole pair recombination is reduced. From the point of view of pH, higher efficiencies are obtained in acidic solutions and the results are comparatively discussed considering the dye's ionic/neutral structure and the photocatalyst surface charge. The efficiency was calculated using UV-VIS spectrophotometer measurements of the solution and the thin films were

  6. Nb doping effect on TiO2-x films for bolometer applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Young Bong; Kumar Reddy, Y. Ashok; Kang, In-Ku; Lee, Hee Chul

    2016-04-01

    Nb-doped TiO2-x thin films were deposited using a 1 at% niobium doped titanium target by RF reactive magnetron sputtering at various oxygen partial pressures (pO2). The films appeared amorphous in the pO2 range of 4.4-4.7% with resistivity ranging from 0.39 Ω cm to 2.48 Ω cm. Compared to pure TiO2-x films, the resistivity of the Nb-doped TiO2-x films did not change sensitively with the oxygen partial pressure, indicating that the resistivity of the films can be accurately controlled. 1/f noise parameter of Nb-doped TiO2-x films were found to decrease largely while the measured temperature coefficient of resistance (TCR) of the films was still high. The obtained results indicate that Nb-doped TiO2-x films have great potential as an alternative bolometric material.

  7. Fabrication of mechanically robust, self-cleaning and optically high-performance hybrid thin films by SiO2&TiO2 double-shelled hollow nanospheres

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yao, Lin; He, Junhui; Geng, Zhi; Ren, Tingting

    2015-07-01

    Low-cost antireflection (AR) thin films on large-area optical surfaces are important for high-performance optical devices, display devices and photovoltaic cells. In the current work, SiO2&TiO2 double-shell hollow nanospheres (DSHNs) were designed, synthesized and utilized as building blocks for fabricating multifunctional AR thin films. By optimizing the porosity of SiO2&TiO2 DSHN and thin film structure, substrates with DSHN thin films attained transmittance as high as 99.4% and average transmittance up to 98.5% in the visible region. The nano-composite SiO2-TiO2 films exhibited intrinsic superhydrophilicity, anti-fogging and high photocatalytic activity. Tape peeling test, sponge washing test, and high temperature and moisture proof test showed favorable robustness and functional durability of the thin films, which make them extremely attractive for applications in lenses, photovoltaic cells and windows of high-rise buildings.Low-cost antireflection (AR) thin films on large-area optical surfaces are important for high-performance optical devices, display devices and photovoltaic cells. In the current work, SiO2&TiO2 double-shell hollow nanospheres (DSHNs) were designed, synthesized and utilized as building blocks for fabricating multifunctional AR thin films. By optimizing the porosity of SiO2&TiO2 DSHN and thin film structure, substrates with DSHN thin films attained transmittance as high as 99.4% and average transmittance up to 98.5% in the visible region. The nano-composite SiO2-TiO2 films exhibited intrinsic superhydrophilicity, anti-fogging and high photocatalytic activity. Tape peeling test, sponge washing test, and high temperature and moisture proof test showed favorable robustness and functional durability of the thin films, which make them extremely attractive for applications in lenses, photovoltaic cells and windows of high-rise buildings. Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available. See DOI: 10.1039/c5nr02467f

  8. Nanostructured columnar heterostructures of TiO2 and Cu2O enabled by a thin-film self-assembly approach: Potential for photovoltaics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Polat, Ozgur [ORNL; Aytug, Tolga [ORNL; Lupini, Andrew R [ORNL; Paranthaman, Mariappan Parans [ORNL; Ertugrul, Memhet [Ataturk University; Bogorin, Daniela Florentina [ORNL; Meyer III, Harry M [ORNL; Wang, Wei [ORNL; Pennycook, Stephen J [ORNL; Christen, David K [ORNL

    2013-01-01

    Significant efforts are being devoted to the development of semiconductor thin film and nanostructured material architectures as components of solar energy harvesting and conversion devices. In particular, nanostructured assemblies with well-defined geometrical shapes have emerged as possible highly efficient and economically viable alternatives to planar junction thin film architectures , , , . However, fabrication of inorganic nanostructures generally requires complicated and multiple step processing techniques, making them less suitable for large-scale manufacturing. Hence, innovative cell architectures and materials processing schemes are essential to large-scale integration and practical viability in photovoltaic devices. Here we present here a new approach towards nanostructured thin film solar cells, by exploiting phase-separated self-assembly , . Through a single-step deposition by rf magnetron sputtering, we demonstrate growth of an epitaxial, composite film matrix formed as self-assembled, well ordered, phase segregated, and oriented p-n type interfacial nanopillars of Cu2O and TiO2. The composite films were structurally characterized to atomic resolution by a variety of analytical tools, and evaluated for preliminary optical properties using absorption measurements. We find nearly atomically distinct Cu2O-TiO2 interfaces (i.e. a p-n junction), and an absorption profile that captures a wide range of the solar spectrum extending from ultraviolet to visible wavelengths. This work opens a novel avenue for development of simple and cost-effective optically active thin film architectures, and offers promise for significantly increased photovoltaic device efficiencies using nanostructured cells that can be optimized for both incident light absorption and carrier collection.

  9. Silver film on nanocrystalline TiO2 support: Photocatalytic and antimicrobial ability

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Simple photocatalytic rout for deposition of Ag on nanocrystalline TiO2 films. • High antibactericidal efficiency of deposited Ag on TiO2 support. • Improved photocatalytic performance of TiO2 films in the presence of deposited Ag. - Abstract: Nanocrystalline TiO2 films were prepared on glass slides by the dip coating technique using colloidal solutions consisting of 4.5 nm particles as a precursor. Photoirradiation of nanocrystalline TiO2 film modified with alanine that covalently binds to the surface of TiO2 and at the same time chelate silver ions induced formation of metallic silver film. Optical and morphological properties of thin silver films on nanocrystalline TiO2 support were studied by absorption spectroscopy and atomic force microscopy. Improvement of photocatalytic performance of nanocrystalline TiO2 films after deposition of silver was observed in degradation reaction of crystal violet. Antimicrobial ability of deposited silver films on nanocrystalline TiO2 support was tested in dark as a function of time against Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Candida albicans. The silver films ensured maximum cells reduction of both bacteria, while the fungi reduction reached satisfactory 98.45% after 24 h of contact

  10. Poly(ethylene-co-acrylic acid)-g-poly(ethylene glycol) graft copolymer templated synthesis of mesoporous TiO2 thin films for quasi-solid-state dye sensitized solar cells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An amphiphilic graft copolymer, poly(ethylene-co-acrylic acid)-graft-poly(ethylene glycol) (PEAA-g-PEG), consisting of a PEAA backbone and PEG side chains was synthesized via an esterification reaction. 1H nuclear magnetic resonance and Fourier-transformed infrared analysis demonstrated esterification between carboxylic acid of PEAA and hydroxyl group of PEG. Small angle X-ray scattering results revealed that the crystalline domain spacing of PEAA increased from 11.3 to 12.8 nm upon using a more polar solvent with a higher affinity for poly(acrylic acid), while the crystalline domain spacing of PEAA disappeared with PEG grafting, indicating structural change to an amorphous state. Mesoporous TiO2 thin films were synthesized via a sol–gel reaction using PEAA-g-PEG graft copolymer as a structure-directing agent. The hydrophilically-preformed TiO2 nanoparticles were selectively confined in the hydrophilic PEG domains of the graft copolymer, and mesoporous TiO2 thin films were formed, as confirmed by scanning electron microscopy. The morphology of TiO2 films was tunable by varying the concentrations of polymer solutions and the amount of preformed TiO2. A quasi-solid-state dye-sensitized solar cell fabricated with PEAA-g-PEG templated TiO2 film exhibited an energy conversion efficiency of 3.8% at 100 mW/cm2, which was greater than that of commercially-available paste (2.6%) at a similar film thickness (3 μm). The improved performance was due to the larger surface area for high dye loading and organized structure with good interconnectivity. - Highlights: • Poly(ethylene-co-acrylic acid)-g-poly(ethylene glycol) (PEAA-g-PEG) graft copolymer is synthesized. • Amphiphilic PEAA-g-PEG acts as a structure directing agent. • Mesoporous TiO2 thin films are prepared by sol–gel reaction using PEAA-g-PEG template. • Efficiency of DSSC with templated TiO2 is greater than with commercial TiO2 paste

  11. Metal-to-Insulator Transition in Anatase TiO2 Thin Films Induced by Growth Rate Modulation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tachikawa, T; Minohara, M.; Nakanishi, Y.; Hikita, Y.; Yoshita, M.; Akiyama, H.; Bell, C.; Hwang, H.Y.

    2012-06-21

    We demonstrate control of the carrier density of single phase anatase TiO{sub 2} thin films by nearly two orders of magnitude by modulating the growth kinetics during pulsed laser deposition, under fixed thermodynamic conditions. The resistivity and the intensity of the photoluminescence spectra of these TiO{sub 2} samples, both of which correlate with the number of oxygen vacancies, are shown to depend strongly on the growth rate. A quantitative model is used to explain the carrier density changes.

  12. Enhancement of NMP Degradation Under UV Light by Nitrogen-Doped TiO2 Thin Films Using a Design of Experiment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Arefi-Khonsari

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Doping nitrogen within TiO2 is an effective way to enhance visible light photocatalysis due to a direct electron excitation from the N2p states within the band gap. However, nitrogen doping is not always efficient for UV photocatalytic activity. Here, different structures of N-doped TiO2 (TiOxNy have been prepared by reactive RF (13.56 MHz magnetron sputtering. The morphological, optical, structural, and photocatalytic properties of the films have been studied in order to investigate the competitive effect of the morphology and the chemical composition on the efficiency of the photocatalytic activity. The variation of surface wettability of the film over time in the dark and under visible and UV irradiation was also studied. The reduction in wettability by dark storage can be explained by the adsorption of hydrocarbon contamination on the thin film’s surface. Additionally, from water contact angle experiments, it was found that these films developed hydrophilic properties upon UV and visible illumination. The photoinduced change in the contact angle of water was due to the removal of hydrocarbon contamination on the surface and also the photo-oxidation of the water droplet. Samples prepared at high pressure gave the best photocatalytic activity, even though the deposition rate was lower at higher pressures (lower film thicknesses, due to the high specific surface area and the optimal presence of TiOxNy crystals in the lattice. However, at low pressure, the TiN crystals became more predominant, and acted as recombination centers for the photo-generated charge carriers. A design of experiments was used in order to optimize the deposition parameters to have the best photocatalytic activity. The high photocatalytic activity under UV light was found to be due to the introduction of discrete energy levels within the band gap, the increased sample wettability, and the higher specific surface area. However, the post annealing process did not effect

  13. 多孔TiO2薄膜的制备及其光催化活性%Preparation and Photo-catalytic Activity of the Porous TiO2 Thin Films

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹旭华; 齐世学; 刘雪梅; 于文娟; 安立敦

    2001-01-01

    The porous TiO2 thin films on both of carriers, glass sheet and glass fiber, are prepared from titanium alkoxide solution containing polyethylene glycol (PEG) by a dip-coating technique. The photo-catalytic degradation experiments show that methyl orange aqueous solution is efficiently decolorized in the presence of the porous TiO2 thin films by illumination with a high-pressure mercury lamp. The photo-catalytic activity of the TiO2 thin films is enhanced with the increase of the coating cycles or the PEG addition to the precursor solution. Under the same condition, the photo-catalytic activity of the porous TiO2 thin films on glass fiber is better than that of the porous TiO2 thin films using glass sheet as carriers.%采用溶胶-凝胶法在玻璃片和玻璃纤维两种基体上制备了多孔TiO2薄膜.对甲基橙水溶液的光催化降解实验表明:在一定范围内,随着TiO2镀层层数的增加,薄膜的光催化活性增强;且相同条件下,以玻璃纤维为基体的薄膜的光催化活性明显优于以玻璃片为基体的薄膜的活性.

  14. Combination of TiO2-Film Photocatalysis and Ultrafiltration to Treat Wastewater

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shu-Hai You

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In this study, a combination of TiO2-film photocatalysis reactor and ultrafiltration was used treat the secondary effluent from the manufacturing of thin film transistor-liquid crystal display (TFT-LCD. TiO2 particles, as a photocatalyst, were immobilized on silica glass to form TiO2-film by the sol-gel and dip coating methods. TiO2-film photocatalysis was done within three parameters, including number of coating times of TiO2-film, wavelengths of UV light source, and operating time. During ultrafiltration, the operating pressure and feed water temperature were controlled at 300 KN/m2 and 25°C, respectively. It was found that TiO2-film photocatalysis followed by ultrafiltration increased the removal of total organic carbon (TOC to 47.13% and 49.94% for 5 KDa and 10 KDa membranes, respectively. It was also found that the process increased the permeate flux rate (ca 23% for 10 KDa membrane after 6 hours of operation, since some larger organic matter had been broken into small organic matter and some small organic matter had been mineralized into CO2 following TiO2-film photocatalysis. Therefore, combining TiO2-film photocatalysis reactor and ultrafiltration can improve organic wastewater quality and increase the permeate flux of ultrafiltration membrane, which may enhance the recycling and reuse of wastewater.

  15. Photo-electrochemical studies of chemically deposited nanocrystalline meso-porous n-type TiO2 thin films for dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) using simple synthesized azo dye

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ezema, C. G.; Nwanya, A. C.; Ezema, B. E.; Patil, B. H.; Bulakhe, R. N.; Ukoha, P. O.; Lokhande, C. D.; Maaza, Malik; Ezema, Fabian I.

    2016-04-01

    Nanocrystalline titanium dioxide (TiO2) thin films were deposited by successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction method onto fluorine doped tin oxide coated glass substrate at room temperature (300 K). Titanium trichloride and sodium hydroxide were used as cationic and anionic sources, respectively. The as-deposited and annealed films were characterized for structural, morphological, optical, electrical and wettability properties. The photoelectrochemical study of TiO2 sensitized with a laboratory synthesized organic dye (azo) was evaluated in the polyiodide electrolyte at 40 mW cm-2 light illumination intensity. The photovoltaic characteristics show a fill factor of 0.24 and solar conversion efficiency value of 0.032 % for a TiO2 thickness of 0.96 µm as compared to efficiency of 0.014 % for rose Bengal of the same thickness.

  16. Surface characterisation and photocatalytic performance of N-doped TiO2 thin films deposited onto 200 nm pore size alumina membranes by sol–gel methods

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Membrane filtration is employed for water treatment and wastewater reclamation purposes, but membranes alone are unable to remove pollutant molecules and certain pathogens. Photocatalytically active N-doped TiO2 coatings have been deposited by sol–gel onto 200 nm pore size alumina membranes for water treatment applications using two different methods, via pipette droplets or spiral bar applicator. The uncoated and coated membranes were characterised by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDX). Both coatings showed the presence of N-doped anatase, with a surface coverage between 84 and 92%, and nitrogen concentration (predominantly interstitial) of 0.9 at.%. The spiral bar applicator deposited coatings exhibit a thicker mud-cracked surface layer with limited penetration of the porous membrane, whilst the pipette deposited coatings have mostly penetrated into the bulk of the membrane and a thinner layer is present at the surface. The photocatalytic activity (PCA), measured through the degradation of carbamazepine (CBZ), under irradiation of a solar simulator was 58.6% for the pipette coating and 63.3% for the spiral bar coating. These photocatalytically active N-doped sol–gel coated membranes offer strong potential in forming the fundamental basis of a sunlight based water treatment system. - Highlights: • Sol gel N-doped TiO2 thin films were deposited on 200 nm pore size Al2O3 membranes. • Two sol–gel methods have been compared – pipette drop and spiral bar deposition. • The coatings showed a similar microstructure and composition but different morphology. • The PCA (degradation of carbamazepine) was ∼60% for both sol–gel coatings. • The coated membranes are promising for use in a membrane based water treatment system

  17. Porous (001-faceted anatase TiO2 nanorice thin film for efficient dye-sensitized solar cell

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shah Athar Ali

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Anatase TiO2 structures with nanorice-like morphology and high exposure of (001 facet has been successfully synthesized on an ITO surface using ammonium Hexafluoro Titanate and Hexamethylenetetramine as precursor and capping agent, respectively, under a microwave-assisted liquid-phase deposition method. These anatase TiO2 nanoparticles were prepared within five minutes of reaction time by utilizing an inverter microwave system at a normal atmospheric pressure. The morphology and the size (approximately from 6 to 70 nm of these nanostructures can be controlled. Homogenous, porous, 5.64 ± 0.002 μm thick layer of spongy-nanorice with facets (101 and (001 was grown on ITO substrate and used as a photo-anode in a dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC. This solar cell device has emerged out with 4.05 ± 0.10% power conversion efficiency (PCE and 72% of incident photon-to-current efficiency (IPCE under AM1.5 G illumination.

  18. 电沉积制备TiO2薄膜及其光电性能研究%PREPARATION OF TiO2 THIN FILMS BY ELECTRODEPOSITING AND THEIR PHOTOVOLTAIC PROPERTIES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张林森; 刘贇; 王力臻; 董会超; 李素珍

    2013-01-01

    TiO2 thin films were deposited on the conductive glass substrate by cathodic electrodepositing and their performances as the photoanodes of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) were investigated. The structure, surface morphology, generation process and photovoltaic property of the TiO2 thin films were characterized by thermal analysis (TG-DTG), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), electrochemical impedance spectra (EIS) and current-voltage curve (I-V). The results showed that Ti(OH)3 thin films prepared by electrodepositing on FTO are amorphous and uniform, and the last sample by heat treatment is TiO2. TiO2 thin films in DSSC have best photovoltaic properties than other titanium oxide, because the charge transfer impedance of TiO2/dye/electrolyte interface is least.%采用阴极电沉积在导电玻璃上制备TiO2薄膜,作为光阳极组装染料敏化太阳电池(DSSC).通过TG-DTG、XRD、SEM、EIS和I-V曲线研究TiO2的结构形貌和生成历程及其在DSSC中的光电性能.结果表明:电沉积薄膜是非晶态Ti(OH)3,经过热处理后得到TiO2薄膜,薄膜颗粒大小均匀.TiO2薄膜组装的DSSC比其他价态钛的氧化物表现出较好的光电性能,主要是因为TiO2/染料/电解液界面的电荷转移电阻最小.

  19. Structural, magnetic and optical properties of Ni-doped TiO2 thin films deposited on silicon(1 0 0) substrates by sol–gel process

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: •Ni doping decreases the activation energy for the anatase-to-rutile transformation. •With increasing Ni content, the reversible ferromagnetism is found. •Sharp decrease of the EOBG at low Ni content is mainly related to phase composition. -- Abstract: Ni-doped TiO2 films were deposited on Si(1 0 0) substrates by sol–gel technique. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis suggests that the valence of Ni ion is in +2 and oxygen vacancies increase with increasing Ni content. X-ray diffraction measurements indicate that Ni doping catalyzes the anatase-to-rutile transformation (ART) of TiO2 films, which is due to the decrease of the ART activation energy. The reversible ferromagnetism of the samples with Ni fraction is found, which is due to an anatase-to-rutile junction destroying an F-center bound magnetic polaron. Optical properties of Ni-doped TiO2 films were studied by the ellipsometric spectra. With increasing Ni content, the optical band gap of TiO2 films is decreased from 3.56 to 3.34 eV, which may be related to phase composition and impurity band

  20. Ultrafast dynamics of the indoline dye D149 on electrodeposited ZnO and sintered ZrO2 and TiO2 thin films.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oum, Kawon; Lohse, Peter W; Flender, Oliver; Klein, Johannes R; Scholz, Mirko; Lenzer, Thomas; Du, Juan; Oekermann, Torsten

    2012-11-28

    The ultrafast photoinjection and subsequent relaxation steps of the indoline dye D149 were investigated in detail for a mesoporous electrodeposited ZnO thin film and compared with experiments on sintered TiO(2) and ZrO(2) thin films, all in contact with air, using pump-supercontinuum probe (PSCP) transient absorption spectroscopy in the range 370-770 nm. D149 efficiently injects electrons into the ZnO surface with time constants from ≤70 fs (time-resolution-limited) up to 250 fs, without the presence of slower components. Subsequent spectral dynamics with a time constant of 20 ps and no accompanying change in the oscillator strength are assigned to a transient Stark shift of the electronic absorption spectrum of D149 molecules in the electronic ground state due to the local electric field exerted by the D149˙(+) radical cations and conduction band electrons in ZnO. This interpretation is consistent with the shape of the relaxed PSCP spectrum at long times, which resembles the first derivative of the inverted steady-state absorption spectrum of D149. In addition, steady-state difference absorption spectra of D149˙(+) in solution from spectroelectrochemistry display a bleach band with distinctly different position, because no first-order Stark effect is present in that case. Interference features in the PSCP spectra probably arise from a change of the refractive index of ZnO caused by the injected electrons. The 20 ps component in the PSCP spectra is likely a manifestation of the transition from an initially formed bound D149˙(+)-electron complex to isolated D149˙(+) and mobile electrons in the ZnO conduction band (which changes the external electric field experienced by D149) and possibly also reorientational motion of D149 molecules in response to the electric field. We identify additional spectral dynamics on a similar timescale, arising from vibrational relaxation of D149˙(+) by interactions with ZnO. TiO(2) exhibits similar dynamics to ZnO. In the case of

  1. Solvothermal synthesis of nanoporous TiO2: the impact on thin-film composite membranes for engineered osmosis application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emadzadeh, D.; Ghanbari, M.; Lau, W. J.; Rahbari-Sisakht, M.; Matsuura, T.; Ismail, A. F.; Kruczek, B.

    2016-08-01

    In the current study, the impact of self-synthesized nanoporous titanium oxide (NT) on the morphology, performance and fouling of a polyamide (PA) thin-film composite (TFC) membrane was investigated when the membrane was applied for engineering osmosis (EO). The nanoporous structure and the spindle-like shape of NT were revealed through transmission electron microscopy (TEM), while the AATPS modification of NT was verified by attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy. The results of x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and x-ray diffraction (XRD) confirmed the presence of modified NT (mNT) in the PA dense active layer of the TFC membrane. The outgrowth of the ‘leaf-like’ structure, upon mNT loading, at the surface of the PA layer was observed by field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The TFC membrane prepared with 0.05 wt% mNT loading in the organic phase showed the water flux of 26.4 l m-2 h-1 when tested in the forward osmosis (FO) mode using 0.5M and 10 mM NaCl solution as the draw and feed solution, respectively. Moreover, the TFC-mNT membrane also demonstrated an intensified antifouling property against organic foulant during FO application and it was possible to retrieve the initial water flux almost completely with a simple water-rinsing process.

  2. Preparation and characterization of WO3 nanoparticles, WO3/TiO2 core/shell nanocomposites and PEDOT:PSS/WO3 composite thin films for photocatalytic and electrochromic applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyadjiev, Stefan I.; Santos, Gustavo dos Lopes; Szżcs, Júlia; Szilágyi, Imre M.

    2016-03-01

    In this study, monoclinic WO3 nanoparticles were obtained by thermal decomposition of (NH4)xWO3 in air at 600 °C. On them by atomic layer deposition (ALD) TiO2 films were deposited, and thus core/shell WO3/TiO2 nanocomposites were prepared. We prepared composites of WO3 nanoparticles with conductive polymer as PEDOT:PSS, and deposited thin films of them on glass and ITO substrates by spin coating. The formation, morphology, composition and structure of the as-prepared pure and composite nanoparticles, as well thin films, were studied by TEM, SEM-EDX and XRD. The photocatalytic activity of both the WO3 and core/shell WO3/TiO2 nanoparticles was studied by decomposing methyl orange in aqueous solution under UV light irradiation. Cyclic voltammetry measurements were performed on the composite PEDOT:PSS/WO3 thin films, and the coloring and bleaching states were studied.

  3. Nanostructured TiO2 Films Attached CdSe QDs Toward Enhanced Photoelectrochemical Performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Du, Yingying; Yang, Ping; Liu, Yunshi; Zhao, Jie; He, Haiyan; Miao, Yanping

    2016-06-01

    TiO2 films consisted of small nanoparticles were fabricated via a spinning coating method on fluorine doped in tin oxide (FTO) slide glass. After calcination, the films were subsequently sensitized by CdSe quantum dots (QDs) using mercaptopropionic acid (MPA) as a bifunctional surface modifier. Upon UV light irradiation, CdSe QDs inject electrons into TiO2 nanoparticles, thus resulting in the generation of photocurrent in QD-sensitized solar cell. The results indicate that TiO2 films sensitized by CdSe QDs have achieved 1.5-fold enhancement in photocurrent compared with pure TiO2 films, indicating that CdSe QDs can improve the photocurrent by promoting the separation of photoinduced charge carriers. In addition, the photocurrent enhances as the thickness of TiO2 films increased. Such improved photoelectrochemical performance is ascribed to the basis of improved interfacial charge transport of the TiO2-CdSe composite films. Combining QDs on TiO2 thin films is a promising and effective way to enhance the photoelectrochemical performance, which is important in QD-sensitized solar cell application. PMID:27427714

  4. The Effect of SiO2 Additive on Super-hydrophilic Property of TiO2-SiO2 Thin Film by Sol-gel Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    TiO2-SiO2 thin films have been prepared on slide glass substrates by sol-gel method, and the effect of SiO2 additive on photo-generated hydrophilicity of TiO2 thin film was investigated by measuring the contact angle of water, the microstructure, the transmittance, the photocatalytic activity and the specific surface area. The results showed that 10mol% of SiO2 additive was the most effective for decreasing contact angle of water. The SiO2 additive of less than 30mol% has a suppressive effect on the crystal growth of anatase in calcinations, resulting in a large surface area. Consequently, the super-hydrophilicity was improved.

  5. Effect of annealing treatment on electrical and optical properties of Nb doped TiO2 thin films as a TCO prepared by sol–gel spin coating method

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • We synthesized Nb doped TiO2 thin films using a simple sol–gel spin coating method. • The effect of O2 in annealing process was studied on conductivity of TNO thin films. • A comparison between O2 and Burstein–Moss effect on optical band gap has been studied. - Abstract: Anatase niobium doped TiO2 thin films (Ti0.94Nb0.06O2) were prepared on quartz substrates by sol–gel spin coating technique and various initial concentrations ([Ti + Nb] in the solution) of 0.1 M and 0.4 M. All the films dried at 100 °C and then the annealing treatment performed by three different procedures. The influence of different annealing processes and total metal concentrations was studied on crystallinity, transparency, conductivity and morphology of thin films by XRD, EDX, FT-IR and UV–vis transmittance spectroscopy, four point probe, AFM and SEM images. It was found that two-step annealing procedure under vacuum is a more proper way to increase the conductivity of TNO thin films compared to one-step annealing process. Two-step method exhibited the minimum resistivity of 4.4 Ω cm and the transparency of about 50% in the visible region with 36 nm thickness

  6. Composite TiO2-Carbon nano films with enhanced photocatalytic activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chakarov, Dinko; Sellappan, Raja

    2011-03-01

    Composite TiO2-carbon thin films prepared by physical vapor deposition techniques on fused silica substrates show enhanced photocatalytic activity, as compared to pure TiO2 films of similar thickness, towards decomposition of methanol to CO2 and water. Raman and XRD measurements confirm that annealed TiO2 films exhibit anatase structure while the carbon layer becomes graphitic. Characteristic for the composite films is an enhanced optical absorption in the visible range. The presence of the carbon film causes a shift of the TiO2 absorption edge and modifies its grain size to be smaller. The observed enhancement is attributed to synergy effects at the carbon-TiO2 interface, resulting in smaller crystallite size and anisotropic charge carrier transport, which in turn reduces their recombination probability. Supported by N-INNER through the Solar Hydrogen project (P30938-1 Solväte).

  7. Size dependent electron transfer from CdTe quantum dots linked to TiO2 thin films in quantum dot sensitized solar cells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this present study, we demonstrate the size dependent charge transfer from CdTe quantum dots (QDs) into TiO2 substrate and relate this charge transfer to the actual behavior of a CdTe sensitized solar cell. CdTe QDs was synthesized using mercaptopropionic acid as the capping agent. The conduction band offset for TiO2 and CdTe QDs indicates thermodynamically favorable band edge positions for smaller QDs for the electron-transfer at the QD–TiO2 interface. Time-resolved emission studies were carried out for CdTe QD on glass and CdTe QD on TiO2 substrates. Results on the quenching of QD luminescence, which relates to the transfer kinetics of electrons from the QD to the TiO2 film, showed that at the smaller QD sizes the transfer kinetics are much more rapid than at the larger sizes. I–V characteristics of quantum dot sensitized solar cells (QDSSC) with different sized QDs were also investigated indicating higher current densities at smaller QD sizes consistent with the charge transfer results. The maximum injection rate constant and photocurrent were obtained for 2.5 nm CdTe QDs. We have been able to construct a solar cell with reasonable characteristics (Voc = 0.8 V, Jsc = 1 mA cm−2, FF = 60%, η = 0.5%). - Highlights: • Size dependant charge transfer from quantum dots to TiO2. • Smaller quantum dot sizes promote higher current densities in solar cell. • Smaller quantum dots have favorable band edge positions and transport kinetics

  8. 工艺参数对磁控溅射制备TiO2薄膜结晶性的影响%Effects of Process Parameters on Crystalline TiO2 Thin Films Prepared by Magnetron Sputtering

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张盼盼; 丁龙先; 张帅拓

    2015-01-01

    目的:探究TiO2薄膜结晶性与工艺参数之间的规律。方法采用直流反应磁控溅射法,改变工艺条件(样品位置、溅射功率、氧气分压、是否开转架、沉积温度以及是否退火),在普通载玻片基底上制备TiO2薄膜,并利用XRD和SEM对不同工艺参数下获得的TiO2薄膜进行分析。结果在靶基距固定的情况下,仅改变样品悬挂的上下位置时,薄膜的结晶性差别不大。随着溅射功率在一定范围内增大,薄膜的结晶性越来越好(趋于锐钛矿晶型)。与氧气分压为5%时相比,10%时的薄膜结晶性更优;与开转架时相比,不开转架时薄膜的结晶性更优。沉积温度在300,350℃两者之间变化时,对薄膜的结晶性影响不大。退火后薄膜的结晶性优于未退火薄膜。结论样品位置、沉积温度对于TiO2薄膜的结晶性影响不大;氧气分压、是否开转架对TiO2薄膜的结晶性有一定影响;溅射功率、退火与否对TiO2薄膜的结晶性影响较大,并且退火后出现金红石相。%ABSTRACT:Objective To explore the pattern between the crystallization of TiO2 thin films and the process parameters. Methods The process conditions ( the position of the sample, sputtering power, oxygen partial pressure, the bogie, deposition temperature and annealing) were modified by the DC reactive magnetron sputtering method to prepare TiO2 thin films on the common slide glass substrate. TiO2 thin films under different process parameters were analyzed by XRD and SEM. Results In the case of fixed target-substrate distance, simply changing the sample suspension position had little influence on thin-film crystalline. As the sputtering power increased within a certain range, the film crystalline became better and better ( tending to anatase crystal) . Crystalline of the thin film whose oxygen partial pressure was 10% was better than that whose pressure was 5%. The thin film crystalline was superi-or when the turntable was

  9. Superhydrophilic and Wetting Behavior of TiO2 Films and their Surface Morphologies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    TiO2 films, showing superhydrophilic behavior, are prepared by electron beam evaporation. Atomic force microscopy and the contact angle measurement were performed to characterize the morphology and wetting behavior of the TiO2 films. Most studies attribute the wetting behavior of TiO2 surfaces to their physical characteristics rather than surface chemistry. These physical characteristics include surface morphology, roughness, and agglomerate size. We arrange these parameters in order of effectiveness. Surface morphologies are demonstrated to be the most important. TiO2 films with particular morphologies show superhydrophilic behavior without external stimuli, and these thin films also show stable anti-contamination properties during cyclical wetting and drying. (cross-disciplinary physics and related areas of science and technology)

  10. Callindra haematocephata and Peltophorum pterocarpum flowers as natural sensitizers for TiO2 thin film based dye-sensitized solar cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maurya, Ishwar Chandra; Neetu; Gupta, Arun Kumar; Srivastava, Pankaj; Bahadur, Lal

    2016-10-01

    We have studied the performance of dye-sensitized solar cells employing natural dye extracted from the flowers Callindra haematocephata and Peltophorum pterocarpum as sensitizers for TiO2 photoanode. The extracts have shown appreciable absorption in the visible region. FTIR studies indicated the presence of anthocyanins and β-carotene in the flowers of C. haematocephata and P. pterocarpum respectively. The extracts were anchored on TiO2 film deposited on transparent conductive glass (FTO) which were used as photoanode. The dye coated TiO2 film electrode, Pt counter electrode and electrolyte (I-3) assembled into a cell module was illuminated by a light source with intensity 100 mW/cm2 to measure the photoelectric conversion efficiency of the DSSCs. From the J-V characteristic curves of cells, the parameters related to the solar cell performance were determined. The conversion efficiency of the DSSC employing natural dye extract from the flower C. haematocephata and P. pterocarpumwere was found as 0.06% and 0.04%, with open-circuit voltage (VOC) of 370 mV & 400 mV, short-circuit current density (JSC) of 0.25 mA/cm2 & 0.15 mA/cm2, fill factor (FF) of 0.70 & 0.71 and Pmax of 65 & 45 μW cm-2 respectively. The extract of the flower C. haematocephata exhibited better photosensitization action compared to the flower of P. pterocarpum.

  11. Characterization of Sol-gel-derived TiO2 and TiO2-SiO2 Films for Biomedical Applications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jingxiao LIU; Fei SHI; Dazhi YANG

    2004-01-01

    In order to improve the corrosion resistance and biocompatibility of NiTi surgical alloy, TiO2 and TiO2-SiO2 thin films were prepared by sol-gel method. The surface characteristics of the film, which include surface composition, microstructure and surface morphology, were studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD), atomic force microscopy (AFM) and X-ray photoelectron spectra (XPS), respectively. A scratching test was used to assess the interface adhesive strength between the film and substrate. The corrosion resistance of NiTi alloy coated with oxide films were studied by anodic polarization curves measurement in biological solution. Additionally, a preliminary study of the in vitro bioactivity of the films was conducted. The results indicated that TiO2 and TiO2-SiO2 (Ti/Si=4:1) films have higher electrochemical corrosion resistance and can be used as protective layers on NiTi alloy. In addition, TiO2-SiO2 composite films have better bioactivity than TiO2 film.

  12. Comparison of photocatalytic activity of TiO2 film doped nonuniformly by Mn and Zn

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Wei; LI Xin-jun; ZHENG Shao-jian; WANG Jun-gang; XU Zhong-kui

    2005-01-01

    The thin films of TiO2, doped by Mn or Zn with nonuniform distribution, were prepared by sol-gel method under process control. The actinic absorption of the catalyst thin films was evaluated by UV-vis spectrophotometry. And the activity of the photocatalyst was evaluated by photocatalytic degradation kinetics of aqueous methyl orange under UV radiation. The results show that the photocatalytic activity of the TiO2 thin film can be evidently enhanced by Mn non-uniformly doping in the bottom layer and can be decreased by Mn doping in the surface layer.The activity of TiO2 thin film can be evidently enhanced by Zn non-uniform doping in either the bottom or the surface layer. But the activity of TiO2 is less affected by uniformly Zn doping. The different mechanisms for enhanced photocatalytic activity of Mn or Zn non-uniformly doped titanium dioxide film were discussed in terms of the separation of photon-generated carrier in the TiO2 films.

  13. An oblique angle radio frequency sputtering method to fabricate nanoporous hydrophobic TiO2 film

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this work, we investigate growth of ordered arrays of amorphous TiO2 nano-columns by using radio frequency sputter deposition technique. The as-prepared thin films were characterized by atomic force microscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and ultraviolet–visible spectroscopy. The nano-columnar films are found to be porous in nature which results from glancing angle sputter deposition. In fact, porosity has a linear relationship with increasing deposition angle. Reflectance of the thin films is also studied as a function of porosity. In addition, contact angle measurements demonstrate the roughness dependent transition from a hydrophilic to a hydrophobic TiO2 surface. - Highlights: • Porous nano-columnar array of TiO2 thin film • Transition of hydrophilic to hydrophobic surface • Correlation of optical property with porosity

  14. Low-temperature multi-layer Al2 O3/TiO2 composite encapsulation thin film by atomic layer deposition%原子层沉积方法制备低温多层Al2 O3/TiO2复合封装薄膜的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周忠伟; 李民; 徐苗; 邹建华; 王磊; 彭俊彪

    2016-01-01

    Atomic layer deposition (ALD)is considered as one of the most promising thin-film encap-sulation technologies for flexible organic light-emitting diode (OLED)device because of high-quality films formed.In this work,different laminated structures of Al2 O3/TiO2 composite film were pre-pared at low temperature (80 ℃)by ALD method.The growth mechanism of Al2 O3 and TiO2 film was studied.The water vapor barrier properties of the different stacked structures of composite Al2 O3/TiO2 thin film were studied by the calcium film,which were analyzed by water vapor transmission rate (WVTR)test and contact angle measurements.The WVTR of the 5 nm/5 nm×8 dyads Al2 O3/TiO2 composite thin film was 2.1×10-5 g/m2/day and the OLED devices encapsulated by this optimized Al2 O3/TiO2 structure exhibited better lifetime characteristics in high temperature and high humidity test.%原子层沉积(ALD)方法可以制备出高质量薄膜,被认为是可应用于柔性有机电致发光器件(OLED)最有发展前景的薄膜封装技术之一.本文采用原子层沉积(ALD)技术,在低温(80℃)下,研究了 Al2 O3及TiO2薄膜的生长规律,通过钙膜水汽透过率(WVTR)、薄膜接触角测试等手段,研究了不同堆叠结构的多层 Al2 O3/TiO2复合封装薄膜的水汽阻隔特性,其中5 nm/5 nm×8 dyads(重复堆叠次数)的Al2 O3/TiO2叠层结构薄膜的WVTR达到2.1×10-5 g/m2/day.采用优化后的 Al2 O3/TiO2叠层结构薄膜对 OLED器件进行封装,实验发现封装后的 OLED 器件在高温高湿条件下展现了较好的寿命特性.

  15. Preparation of TiO2 Sol Aerosol Thin Films and Protection of Plastic Mold%TiO2溶胶气雾薄膜制备及对塑胶模具的防护

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马和平

    2013-01-01

      TiO2薄膜不仅保持原有的光催化性能,而且还能极大地改善TiO2的光致亲水性能。但在实用化进程中,实用价值基础最关键的难点--二氧化钛的膜制备技术现在还没有完全解决。我们从应用角度出发,借鉴运用合成树脂气雾可剥膜的方法来进行TiO2溶胶的气雾成膜,藉此用来对塑胶模具进行防护,结果证明这种方法是可行的,TiO2溶胶的气雾薄膜在大型结构模具上取得6个月以上的良好防护效果。%TiO2 thin film not only has photocatalytic performance, but also greatly improve photoinduced hydrophilicity of film. But in the practical process, the basis of practical value and the most critical and difficult problem is titanium dioxide membrane preparation because its preparation technology is still not completely solved. In this paper, according to practical application, it’s pointed out that TiO2 thin film may be prepared by referencing and using the synthesis method of resin mist peelable film, and TiO2 thin film was used to protect plastic molds .The results show that this method is feasible, TiO2 film on the large - scale structure of the mold can obtain a good protective effect for more than six months.

  16. Worm-like mesoporous TiO2 thin films templated using comb copolymer for dye-sensitized solar cells with polymer electrolyte

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jae Hun; Park, Cheol Hun; Jung, Jung Pyo; Kim, Jong Hak

    2015-12-01

    A comb copolymer consisting of hydrophobic poly(2-[3-(2H-benzotriazol-2-yl)-4-hydroxyphenyl] ethyl methacrylate) (PBEM) and hydrophilic poly(oxyethylene methacrylate) (POEM) is synthesized via one-pot free radical polymerization. The PBEM-POEM comb copolymer is used as an agent to direct the structure toward one consisting of worm-like mesoporous TiO2 (WM-TiO2) films. The selective, preferential interaction between the titania precursor and the hydrophilic POEM chains is responsible for the formation of a well-organized worm-like mesostructure. The morphology of the WM-TiO2 films is characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). In particular, the effects of film thickness on the optical and electrochemical properties are systematically investigated. The introduction of the WM-TiO2 layer between the nanocrystalline TiO2 (NC-TiO2) layer and fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) glass results in increased transmittance of visible light due to an antireflective property, decreased interfacial resistance and suppressed charge recombination at the interfaces of NC-TiO2/FTO glass. As a result, the photovoltaic conversion efficiency of the dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) with a polymer electrolyte is improved from 5.3% to 6.6% at an optimum film thickness (310 nm). The obtained efficiency represents a higher efficiency for the N719-based DSSC with a solvent-free, polymer electrolyte.

  17. Sm掺杂对TiO2薄膜结构和电致变色性能的影响%Effect of Sm doping on structure and electrochromic properties of TiO2 thin film

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牛微; 毕孝国; 王刚; 孙旭东

    2014-01-01

    Sm doped TiO2 thin films were prepared by sol-gel methods with butyltitanate and samarium nitrate as main components.The Sm doping molar ratios are 0,2%,5%,10% and 20%.Structural,thermogravimet-ric and electrochemical properties were investigated by XRD,TG-DTA,cyclic voltammetry curves(CV)and ul-traviolet visible spectroscopy.The result indicates that the Sm doped TiO2 thin film has higher amorphous de-gree.When the heat processing temperature was at 250 ℃,Sm doped TiO2 thin film has good ion storage ca-pacity and cyclic reversibility.When the doped amount of Sm was at 5%,the peak current of thin film reaches its maximum value with most powerful charge storage capability,injected charge density at 13.35 mC/cm2 ,and cyclic reversibility K value at 0.92.Sm doped TiO2 thin film has good transparency in the visible light range and transmittance was 70%-80%.This would be used as ion storage material in electrochromic glass.%以钛酸四丁酯和硝酸钐为主要原料,采用溶胶-凝胶法制备了 Sm 掺杂 TiO2薄膜。Sm 掺杂的摩尔分数分别为0,2%,5%,10%和20%。采用XRD和TG-DTA表征了薄膜的结构和热重特性,使用电化学工作站和紫外-可见分光光度计研究了薄膜的电致变色性能。结果表明,Sm掺杂使得 TiO2薄膜具有更高的无定形程度。250℃热处理的 Sm 掺杂 TiO2薄膜具有较高的电荷存储能力和循环可逆性。Sm 掺杂量为5%时,薄膜的峰值电流最大,电荷存储能力最强,注入电荷密度为13.35 mC/cm2,循环可逆性 K 值为0.92。Sm掺杂 TiO2薄膜在可见光范围内具有较好的光学透明度,透光率在70%~80%。适于用作电致变色器件的离子存储层。

  18. Photocatalytic Properties of TiO2 Porous Network Film.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Lianqing; Zhi, Qianqian; Huang, Chengxing; Zhang, Yaping; Dong, Kaituo; Neppolian, B

    2015-09-01

    Three-dimensional porous network TiO2 film (PW-film) and nanoparticles film were synthesized on surface of the Ti foil by a facile method to investigate both the photoelectrochemical and photocatalytic properties. The prepared samples were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM) and X-ray diffraction spectroscopy (XRD) techniques. Methylene blue was used as a target molecule to estimate the photocatalytic activity of the films. Results revealed that the hydrothermal temperature and time have great influence on the crystal type and film morphology of TiO2 catalysts. A higher hydrothermal temperature is benefit for the formation of anatase phase of TiO2 nanotubes with PW-film, which had a large number of nodes. After investigation of the photoelectrochemical properties, a maximum photoconversion efficiency of 4.79% is observed for nanoparticles film with rutile phase of TiO2 under UV light illumination, which was incredible 2 times higher than that of the PW-film with anatase phase. It was shown that the morphology of TiO2 film contributes more significant effect on photocatalytic and photoelectric performance than its crystal type.

  19. The Preparation of TiO2 Thin Films with Level Sedimentation and Its Properties%液位沉降法制备 Ti O2薄膜及其性能研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    殷天兰; 武光明; 高德文; 丁尧; 姚天宇

    2014-01-01

    以钛酸丁酯为前驱液,无水乙醇为溶剂,乙酰丙酮为稳定剂,制备了 T iO 2溶胶,采用液位沉降法在清洁的玻璃衬底上镀制T iO 2薄膜。研究了添加剂聚乙二醇(1000)、p H、衬底温度对 T iO 2溶胶在玻璃基板上附着性的影响;研究了液位沉降速度、容器倾角以及溶胶附着性对T iO 2薄膜厚度的影响。考察了TiO2薄膜的表面形貌、晶相、光催化性能。结果表明,采用PEG与 Ti4+的质量比为1,不调节pH的TiO2溶胶,在沉降速度为7 cm/min ,容器倾角为30°所制得的TiO2薄膜的光催化性能最好,光照3 h时其光催化降解率高达52.1%。%TiO2 sol was prepared with butyl titanate as precursor solution ,anhydrous ethanol as solvent ,acetylacetone as the stabilizer .TiO2 thin film was coated on a clean glass substrate by level sedimentation method .The effect of Polyethylene glycol (1 000) as the additives ,pH and the substrate temperature on the adhesion between TiO 2 sol and the glass substrate was studied . The influence of level sedimentation velocity ,container angle and the adhesion on TiO2 thin film thickness was also studied .The surface morphology ,crystal phase ,and the photocatalytic per-formance of TiO2 thin films were researched too .The results showed that when the PEG with Ti4+ mass ratio was 1 ,the pH value was not adjusted ,the settling velocity was 7 cm/min ,the container angle was 30° ,the photocatalytic properties of TiO2 thin film was the best ,which was as high as 52.1% after being lighted for 3 hours .

  20. 微波辐射制备TiO2薄膜光催化性能研究%Photocatalytic activity of TiO2 thin films prepdprepared by microwave

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾彩云; 张崭

    2011-01-01

    采用微波辐射法由溶胶制备出TiO2薄膜,用XRD和TEM对催化剂进行了表征。以甲基橙为模拟污染物,考察了微波功率和膜层厚度对TiO2光催化活性的影响,并实际考察了TiO2薄膜对啤酒废水的降解效果。结果表明:制备的TiO2薄膜具有较高光催化活性,微波功率300W时光催化活性最大,对啤酒废水具有良好的处理效果。%TiO2 thin films were prepared from a TiO2 sol by microwave heating, and characterized by XRD and TEM. Effect of microwave power and film thickness on photoeatalytic activity of TiO2 was investigated with methyl orange as degradation agent. Results indicated that TiO2 film has high photocatalytic activity, and the photocatalytic activity is the largest when microwave power is 300 W, which has effective treatment of brewery wastewater.

  1. 金属离子掺杂纳米TiO2薄膜光阳极的性能研究%Studies on optical anode properties of the TiO2 thin film doped with metal ions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    容齐坤; 曾凡菊; 李玲

    2011-01-01

    采用溶胶-凝胶法在玻璃衬底上制备TiO2多孔薄膜,掺杂不同功函数的金属离子制备M-TiO2纳米薄膜电极,XRD、AFM,UV-Vis检测M-TiO2结构、形貌和性能.结果表明:掺杂摩尔分数2%的金属离子没有改变TiO2的晶格结构,但其吸收峰在可见光区都发生明显的红移,禁带宽度降低,掺杂后的M-TiO2电极比没有掺杂的TiO2电极更适合做染料敏化太阳能电池的光阳极,特别是Mg-TiO2和Ni-TiO2电极的禁带宽度分别达到2.19 eV和2.09 eV,与非晶硅的禁带宽度1.70 ev相近.%TiO2 thin films and TiO2 thin films doped with different performance function metal ions(M-TiO2) were prepared on glass substrates by sol-gel method. The structure, morphology and properties of TiO2 thin films were investigated by XRD, AFM and UV-Vis spectroscopy. The results show that doping 2% (mole fraction) metal ions does not change the lattice structure of TiO2 but their absorption peaks can significantly produce red shift in visible light region and the energy band gap decrease, so that M-TiO2 thin films are better than TiO2 thin films for dye-sensitized solar cells anode.The energy band gap of Mg-TiO2 and Ni-TiO2 are 2.19 eV and 2.09 eV respectively, which are close to 1.70 eV of amorphous silicon.

  2. A CdSe thin film: a versatile buffer layer for improving the performance of TiO2 nanorod array:PbS quantum dot solar cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Furui; Wang, Zhijie; Qu, Shengchun; Cao, Dawei; Liu, Kong; Jiang, Qiwei; Yang, Ying; Pang, Shan; Zhang, Weifeng; Lei, Yong; Wang, Zhanguo

    2016-05-01

    To fully utilize the multiple exciton generation effects in quantum dots and improve the overall efficiency of the corresponding photovoltaic devices, nanostructuralizing the electron conducting layer turns out to be a feasible strategy. Herein, PbS quantum dot solar cells were fabricated on the basis of morphologically optimized TiO2 nanorod arrays. By inserting a thin layer of CdSe quantum dots into the interface of TiO2 and PbS, a dramatic enhancement in the power conversion efficiency from 4.2% to 5.2% was realized and the resulting efficiency is one of the highest values for quantum dot solar cells based on nanostructuralized buffer layers. The constructed double heterojunction with a cascade type-II energy level alignment is beneficial for promoting photogenerated charge separation and reducing charge recombination, thereby responsible for the performance improvement, as revealed by steady-state analyses as well as ultra-fast photoluminescence and photovoltage decays. Thus this paper provides a good buffer layer to the community of quantum dot solar cells.To fully utilize the multiple exciton generation effects in quantum dots and improve the overall efficiency of the corresponding photovoltaic devices, nanostructuralizing the electron conducting layer turns out to be a feasible strategy. Herein, PbS quantum dot solar cells were fabricated on the basis of morphologically optimized TiO2 nanorod arrays. By inserting a thin layer of CdSe quantum dots into the interface of TiO2 and PbS, a dramatic enhancement in the power conversion efficiency from 4.2% to 5.2% was realized and the resulting efficiency is one of the highest values for quantum dot solar cells based on nanostructuralized buffer layers. The constructed double heterojunction with a cascade type-II energy level alignment is beneficial for promoting photogenerated charge separation and reducing charge recombination, thereby responsible for the performance improvement, as revealed by steady

  3. Synthesis of TiO2-loaded Co0.85Se thin films with heterostructure and their enhanced catalytic activity for p-nitrophenol reduction and hydrazine hydrate decomposition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zuo, Yong; Song, Ji-Ming; Niu, He-Lin; Mao, Chang-Jie; Zhang, Sheng-Yi; Shen, Yu-Hua

    2016-04-01

    P-nitrophenol (4-NP) and hydrazine hydrate are considered to be highly toxic pollutants in wastewater, and it is of great importance to remove them. Herein, TiO2-loaded Co0.85Se thin films with heterostructure were successfully synthesized by a hydrothermal route. The as-synthesized samples were characterized by x-ray diffraction, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy and selective-area electron diffraction. The results demonstrate that TiO2 nanoparticles with a size of about 10 nm are easily loaded on the surface of graphene-like Co0.85Se nanofilms, and the NH3 · H2O plays an important role in the generation and crystallization of TiO2 nanoparticles. Brunauer-Emmett-Teller measurement shows that the obtained nanocomposites have a larger specific surface area (199.3 m2 g-1) than that of Co0.85Se nanofilms (55.17 m2 g-1) and TiO2 nanoparticles (19.49 m2 g-1). The catalytic tests indicate Co0.85Se-TiO2 nanofilms have the highest activity for 4-NP reduction and hydrazine hydrate decomposition within 10 min and 8 min, respectively, compared with the corresponding precursor Co0.85Se nanofilms and TiO2 nanoparticles. The enhanced catalytic performance can be attributed to the larger specific surface area and higher rate of interfacial charge transfer in the heterojunction than that of the single components. In addition, recycling tests show that the as-synthesized sample presents stable conversion efficiency for 4-NP reduction.

  4. Attempts to improve the H2S sensitivity of TiO2 films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jagadale, T. C.; Nagmani, Ramgir, N. S.; Prajapat, C. L.; Debnath, A. K.; Aswal, D. K.; Gupta, S. K.

    2016-05-01

    We report the pulsed laser deposited titanium oxide thin film for H2S gas sensing. The surface and bulk electronic structure is revealed using XPS technique. These TiO2 films showed very good selectivity to H2S with response of around ~ 60% at 200°C operating temperature. In order to improve the sensor response so as to realize the technological application, we hereby attempted bi-directional efforts as (i) Nb-doping and (ii) defects engineering in the TiO2 film. It is revealed that Nb-doping reduces response however defect engineering improves the same.

  5. Responding Depth of Photocatalytic Activity of TiO2 Self-assembled Films

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Weichang HAO; Feng PAN; Tianmin WANG; Shukai ZHENG

    2004-01-01

    The electrostatically self-assembly method is getting strategically important to prepare multilayer thin films. With careful choice of component materials, this method should allow for the preparation of multilayer thin films with a variety of excellent technological properties. TiO2/PSS multilayer thin films with ordered structure were prepared by electrostatic self-assembly method. UV-Vis-NIR spectrophotometer, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS),and atom force microscopy (AFM) were used to characterize the structure and performance of the multilayer films.Because electrostatically self-assembly method allows molecular-level control over the film composition and thickness,this paper studied the responding depth of photocatalytic activity of TiO2 self-assembled films in detail.

  6. Influence of Operating Parameters on Surface Properties of RF Glow Discharge Oxygen Plasma Treated TiO2/PET Film for Biomedical Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thin transparent titania (TiO2) films were coated on the surface of flexible poly (ethylene terephthalate) (PET) surface using standard sol gel techniques. The TiO2/PET thin film surfaces were further modified by exposing the films to a RF glow discharge oxygen plasma. The exposu...

  7. Wetting and Photocatalytic Properties of TiO2 Nanotube Arrays Prepared via Anodic Oxidation of E-Beam Evaporated Ti Thin Films

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soon Wook Kim

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available TiO2 nanotube arrays (TNAs are fabricated on quartz substrate by anodizing E-beam evaporated Ti films. E-beam evaporated Ti films are directly anodized at various anodizing voltages ranging from 20 to 45 V and their morphological, wetting, and photocatalytic properties are examined. The photocatalytic activity of the prepared TNAs is evaluated by the photodecomposition of methylene blue under UV illumination. The TNAs prepared at an anodizing voltage of 30 V have a high roughness of 30.1 nm and a low water contact angle of 7.5°, resulting in a high photocatalytic performance. The surface roughness of the TNAs is found to correlate inversely with the water contact angle. High roughness (i.e., high surface area, which leads to high hydrophilicity, is desirable for effective photocatalytic activity.

  8. TiO2 and Fe2O3 Films for Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josef Krysa

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Titanium oxide (TiO2 and iron oxide (α-Fe2O3 hematite films have potential applications as photoanodes in electrochemical water splitting. In the present work TiO2 and α-Fe2O3 thin films were prepared by two methods, e.g., sol-gel and High Power Impulse Magnetron Sputtering (HiPIMS and judged on the basis of physical properties such as crystalline structure and surface topography and functional properties such as simulated photoelectrochemical (PEC water splitting conditions. It was revealed that the HiPIMS method already provides crystalline structures of anatase TiO2 and hematite Fe2O3 during the deposition, whereas to finalize the sol-gel route the as-deposited films must always be annealed to obtain the crystalline phase. Regarding the PEC activity, both TiO2 films show similar photocurrent density, but only when illuminated by UV light. A different situation was observed for hematite films where plasmatic films showed a tenfold enhancement of the stable photocurrent density over the sol-gel hematite films for both UV and visible irradiation. The superior properties of plasmatic films could be explained by ability to address some of the hematite drawbacks by the deposition of very thin films (25 nm consisting of small densely packed particles and by doping with Sn.

  9. Photoelectrochemical characterization and photocatalytic properties of mesoporous TiO 2 / ZrO 2 films

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Optically transparent, crack-free mesoporous titania and zirconia-doped titania thin film photocatalysts were fabricated by sol-gel technique, using nonionic amphiphilic block copolymer Pluronic P123 as template. The structural and optical properties of these films were characterized using SEM, low-angle XRD, and UV/Vis spectroscopy, hexane adsorption investigation. Band gap energy and the position of flatband potentials were estimated by photoelectrochemical measurements. Enhancing of photocatalytic activity of zirconia-doped films relative to pure TiO 2 originates from an anodic shift of the valence band edge potential. Catalytic activity of mesoporous TiO 2 and TiO 2 / ZrO 2 ( 5 –50% of ZrO 2 films in the processes of Cr VI to Cr III photoreduction and 2,4-dinitroaniline photooxidation correlates with crystalline size and growth with increasing of specific surface area of the samples.

  10. FeS2/TiO2复合薄膜光电性能%Photoelectric performance of FeS2/TiO2 composite thin films

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晨宁; 胡志强; 刘丽红; 于仙仙; 高岩; 金子正治; 奥谷昌之

    2007-01-01

    采用溶液浸渍法在ITO导电玻璃表面的多孔TiO2薄膜上沉积了FeS2薄膜.使用Fe2O3粉末保护裸露在外的ITO导电膜在硫气氛中热处理后,制得了FeS2/TiO2复合薄膜.应用B531/H数显测厚指示表、数字式四探针测试仪、XJCM-8太阳电池测试仪等研究了FeS2/TiO2复合薄膜的厚度、ITO导电玻璃的电阻率以及FeS2/TiO2复合薄膜的光电性能.结果表明:此方法制得的FeS2/TiO2复合薄膜具有良好的光电性能;且ITO导电膜的电阻率变化较小.因而适宜制备色素增感太阳能电池(DSSC).

  11. Low-temperature crystallization of TiO2 films by sputter deposition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taga, Yasunori; Yamada, Naoomi

    2010-04-01

    Crystalline TiO2 film was formed on PET(polyethlene terephthalate) film by radio frequency sputter deposition method using a sintered TiO2 target by adding H2O gas to Ar gas for sputtering. X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that the crystal structure of the film of 100 nm thick was confirmed to be anatase crystallites of TiO2. In order to elucidate the mechanism of low temperature crystallization thus observed, direct measurement of surface temperature of growing films during sputter deposition was carried out by two methods of an infrared thermometer from the outside of vacuum chamber and a thermocouple attached to the growing film surface. Upon the beginning of sputter deposition in Ar gas, film temperature increased rapidly and became constant at 120°C after 30 min. Addition of H2O gas to Ar gas for sputtering resulted in further increase in film temperature and reached to 230 °C depending on the deposition conditions. Furthermore, photocatalytic performance of decomposition of methylene blue was examined to be enhanced remarkably as a result of crystallization of the film. It was concluded that low temperature crystallization of TiO2 film by sputter deposition was explained in terms of local heating of thin shallow surface region of growing film by kinetic energy deposition of sputtered particles.

  12. Preparation and Analysis of Nano-Crystallite Anatase Phase TiO2 Thin Films%纳米锐钛矿型TiO2薄膜的制备及分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    辛荣生; 林钰; 蔡彬; 胡斌

    2011-01-01

    采用反应磁控溅射法在玻璃衬底上制备锐钛矿相TiO2薄膜,研究了工艺条件中的氧氩流量比对薄膜润湿角的影响以及溅射气压对薄膜微观结构的影响.对不同氧氩流量比(分别为1/40,1/20,1/10和1/5)时制备的TiO2薄膜进行润湿角测量,润湿角照片显明:氧氩比1/5时薄膜润湿角可减小到8°左右,即提高氧氩比能增强TiO2薄膜的自洁净性能.X射线衍射(XRD)分析表明:当溅射气压降到1.0 Pa时,可以得到锐钛矿型TiO2薄膜晶体,0.5Pa时的XRD图衍射峰更为明显.用分光光度计测量了TiO2薄膜的紫外吸收光谱.由光谱曲线上光吸收阈值与半导体带隙之间的关系计算出了TiO2薄膜的禁带宽度为3.42 eV,表明TiO2薄膜的吸收边出现了一定的蓝移.根据 XRD图谱计算TiO2薄膜的晶粒尺寸,得到的薄膜晶粒尺寸在十几纳米左右,由此说明了TiO2薄膜吸收边发生蓝移的原因;按照锐钛矿相TiO2薄膜XRD图25.3°衍射峰对应的(101)晶面,由Bragg方程计算出其晶面间距为0.3521 nm.表明TiO2薄膜晶体发生了一定的晶格畸变.%The anatase phase TiO2 thin films were prepared on the glass substrates by DC reactive magnetron sputtenng method.The influence of technological condition, such as the O2/Ar flow ratio, on contact angle of the filma and the sputtering pressure on the microstructure of the films, was studied respectively.The contact angle of TiO2 films prepared in different O2/Ar flow ratio ( 1/40 , 1/20,1/10 and 1/5 ) were measured respectively.The contact angle photograph showed that the film contact angle could be reduced to 8° or so when the O2/Ar ratio was 1/5 , this meant that the self-clean property of TiO2 films could be enhanced by increasing O2/Ar ratio.Analysis of X-ray diffraction ( XRD) ahowed that the crystal of anatase phase TiO2 films could be obtained when the sputtering pressure was decreased to 1.0 Pa, the diffraction peak of XRD apectrum was more prominent when the

  13. Enhanced thermo-mechanical performance and strain-induced band gap reduction of TiO2@PVC nanocomposite films

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Mudassir Hasan; Arghya Narayan Banerjee; Moonyong Lee

    2015-04-01

    The present paper reports the fabrication of TiO2@PVC nanocomposites by incorporating TiO2 in polyvinyl chloride (PVC) followed by solution casting to prepare TiO2@PVC nanocomposite thin films. The asprepared TiO2@PVC nanocomposite films were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, optical spectroscopy and mechanical strength analyses. The TiO2@PVC nanocomposites were found to be thermally and mechanically more stable compared with pure PVC. The anatase TiO2 in the TiO2@PVC nanocomposite showed a lower indirect band gap compared with pure TiO2, which can be attributed to the strain within the nanocomposite, thereby affecting the band-structure of the nanocomposite. Significant enhancement in the mechanical properties of TiO2@PVC compared with pure PVC was observed with a 10 wt% TiO2 loading, such as a 50% increase in Young's modulus and almost 100% improvement in the tensile strength.

  14. Crystalline nanoporous metal oxide thin films by post-synthetic hydrothermal transformation: SnO2 and TiO2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shao, Shaofeng; Dimitrov, Momtchil; Guan, Naijia; Köhn, Ralf

    2010-10-01

    Nanostructured and nanoporous metal oxide thin films are rarely accessible by standard synthetic approaches but highly desired for many applications, e.g. as electrodes, transparent conducting coatings, sensors or surface catalysts. Template based sol–gel chemistry combined with post-synthetic hydrothermal treatment allows now the synthesis of nanocrystalline mesostructured porous thin films of metal oxides, e.g. tin oxide and titania. Even in cases where the crystallization cannot be induced highly stable thin films can be achieved, e.g. niobium oxide thin films. We demonstrate how the size of the nanocrystallites influences and stabilizes the mesostructure at temperatures as low as 100 C and thereby in the case of titania or tin dioxide even prevents it from deterioration at higher temperatures up to 400–600 C. PMID:20945539

  15. Low-frequency dielectric properties of intrinsic and Al-doped rutile TiO2 thin films grown by the atomic layer deposition technique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kassmi, M.; Pointet, J.; Gonon, P.; Bsiesy, A.; Vallée, C.; Jomni, F.

    2016-06-01

    Dielectric spectroscopy is carried out for intrinsic and aluminum-doped TiO2 rutile films which are deposited on RuO2 by the atomic layer deposition technique. Capacitance and conductance are measured in the 0.1 Hz-100 kHz range, for ac electric fields up to 1 MVrms/cm. Intrinsic films have a much lower dielectric constant than rutile crystals. This is ascribed to the presence of oxygen vacancies which depress polarizability. When Al is substituted for Ti, the dielectric constant further decreases. By considering Al-induced modification of polarizability, a theoretical relationship between the dielectric constant and the Al concentration is proposed. Al doping drastically decreases the loss in the very low frequency part of the spectrum. However, Al doping has almost no effect on the loss at high frequencies. The effect of Al doping on loss is discussed through models of hopping transport implying intrinsic oxygen vacancies and Al related centers. When increasing the ac electric field in the MVrms/cm range, strong voltage non-linearities are evidenced in undoped films. The conductance increases exponentially with the ac field and the capacitance displays negative values (inductive behavior). Hopping barrier lowering is proposed to explain high-field effects. Finally, it is shown that Al doping strongly improves the high-field dielectric behavior.

  16. Preparation and characterization of TiO2/polymer composite thin films by the ionically self-assembly method%TiO2与聚合物复合薄膜的离子自组装制备及表征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李小甫; 姜德生; 余海湖; 余丁山

    2005-01-01

    在常温下,以钛酸丁酯[(C4H9O)4Ti]和聚四苯乙烯磺酸钠(PSS)作为前驱物在普通载玻片上用离子自组装法制备了TiO2纳米粒子/PSS复合薄膜,复合薄膜的透过率随镀膜次数或薄膜厚度的增加而呈现周期性变化.透射电镜(TEM)测试结果表明,TiO2呈板钛矿晶体结构,薄膜连续而均匀,TiO2的平均粒径是3.6nm.光电子能谱仪(XPS)测试结果显示,薄膜中含有Ti、O、C元素,载玻片表面完全被TiO2纳米复合薄膜所覆盖.%TiO2/polymer composite thin films were prepared on the ordinary glass substrates at room temperature byionicallyselfassembly method with tetrabutylorthotitanate [ ( C4 H9 O) 4 Ti] and Poly (Sodium-4-styrensulfonate) Salt (PSS) as precursor.Transmittance of TiO2 thin films presented a periodic change with the increasing of coating cycle times or thin films thickness.Transmission electron microscopy(TEM) data showed that TiO2 presented brookite phase structure. TiO2 thin films were uniform and continuous in thickness. The average grain size of TiO2 in thin films was 3.6nm. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy(XPS) data showed that TiO2 thin films contained Ti,O,C elements. Surface of ordinary glass was completely covered with TiO2thin films.

  17. Characterisation of samarium and nitrogen co-doped TiO2 films prepared by chemical spray pyrolysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ► The TiO2:N:Sm thin films deposited by chemical spray pyrolysis have anatase structure. ► According to XPS, N is incorporated into the TiO2 matrix. ► N-doping increases and Sm-doping reduces the crystallite size of the TiO2:N:Sm films. ► Incorporation of N strongly suppresses the Sm3+ PL emission. - Abstract: The sol–gel chemical spray pyrolysis method was used to deposit samarium and nitrogen co-doped TiO2 films onto a quartz substrate at a growth temperature of 450 °C using pulsed spray solution feed, followed by annealing at 500 °C for 2 h in air. The obtained films exhibited anatase structure independent of the doping level. According to XRD analysis, the mean crystallite size of the undoped TiO2, TiO2:N(25) and TiO2:N(5):Sm(5) films was 32, 38 and 20 nm, respectively. According to AFM, the undoped TiO2 film consisted of agglomerates with a size of 30–200 nm. N-doping (25 at%) transformed the agglomerates into individually distinctive grains with a size of ca. 30 nm, while Sm doping (5 at%) caused a significant decrease in the average diameter of the agglomerates to ca. 100 nm. The RMS roughness of the undoped TiO2 film was 1.7 nm; doping resulted in the formation of smoother films with RMS roughness of 0.9–1.4 nm. XPS data indicated that the Sm and N dopants were incorporated into the TiO2 crystal lattice and/or adsorbed on the surface of the film. An increasing nitrogen concentration in the spray solution correlates to a systematic suppressing of the photoluminescence intensity of Sm3+.

  18. Preparation and Photocatalytic Property of Porous TiO2 Film with Net-like Framework

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Rong-guo; YAO Jian-xi; LAI Xiao-yong; MAO Dan; XING Chao-jian; WANG Dan

    2009-01-01

    By the UV-curing method, a porous TiO2 film with net-like framework has been prepared. The characte-rization results of the porous TiO2 film by means of SEM, TEM, XRD, and N2 adsorption-desorption analysis show that the net-like framework of the porous TiO2 film is composed of TiO2 nanoparticles, forming three dimensional porous structure. The porous TiO2 film exhibits higher photocatalytic activity for the degradation of methylene blue(MB) dye compared with the conventional dense TiO2 film.

  19. Quantitative Measurements of Photocatalytic CO-Oxidation as a Function of Light Intensity and Wavelength over TiO2 Nanotube Thin Films in mu-Reactors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vesborg, Peter Christian Kjærgaard; In, Su-il; Olsen, Jacob L.;

    2010-01-01

    Gas-phase photooxidation of CO over TiO2 catalysts (P25 and TiO2 nanotubes) in mu-reactors with quantitative product detection was used to study turnover as a function of illumination intensity over 4 orders of magnitude. Turnover was found to be of order 0.84 in illumination intensity. A CO...

  20. Enhanced photocatalysis by coupling of anatase TiO2 film to triangular Ag nanoparticle island.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Jinxia; Xiao, Xiangheng; Ren, Feng; Wu, Wei; Dai, Zhigao; Cai, Guangxu; Zhang, Shaofeng; Zhou, Juan; Mei, Fei; Jiang, Changzhong

    2012-01-01

    In order to overcome the low utilization ratio of solar light and high electron-hole pair recombination rate of TiO2, the triangular Ag nanoparticle island is covered on the surface of the TiO2 thin film. Enhancement of the photocatalytic activity of the Ag/TiO2 nanocomposite system is observed. The increase of electron-hole pair generation is caused by the enhanced near-field amplitudes of localized surface plasmon of the Ag nanoparticles. The efficiently suppressed recombination of electron-hole pair caused by the metal-semiconductor contact can also enhance the photocatalytic activity of the TiO2 film. PMID:22548875

  1. Nano-structured TiO2 film fabricated at room temperature and its acoustic properties

    OpenAIRE

    Zhu, Jie; Cao, Wenwu; Jiang, Bei; Zhang, D.S.; Zheng, H.; Zhou, Q.; Shung, K. K.

    2008-01-01

    Nano-structured TiO2 thin film has been successfully fabricated at room temperature. Using a quarter wavelength characterization method, we have measured the acoustic impedance of this porous film, which can be adjusted from 5.3 to 7.19 Mrayl by curing it at different temperatures. The uniform microstructure and easy fabrication at room temperature make this material an excellent candidate for matching layers of ultra-high frequency ultrasonic imaging transducers.

  2. Nano-structured TiO2 film fabricated at room temperature and its acoustic properties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nano-structured TiO2 thin film has been successfully fabricated at room temperature. Using a quarter wavelength characterization method, we have measured the acoustic impedance of this porous film, which can be adjusted from 5.3 to 7.19 Mrayl by curing it at different temperatures. The uniform microstructure and easy fabrication at room temperature make this material an excellent candidate for matching layers of ultra-high frequency ultrasonic imaging transducers. (fast track communication)

  3. Effect of annealing treatment on electrical and optical properties of Nb doped TiO2 thin films as a TCO prepared by sol-gel spin coating method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fallah, Milad; Zamani-Meymian, Mohammad-Reza; Rahimi, Rahmatollah; Rabbani, Mahboubeh

    2014-10-01

    Anatase niobium doped TiO2 thin films (Ti0.94Nb0.06O2) were prepared on quartz substrates by sol-gel spin coating technique and various initial concentrations ([Ti + Nb] in the solution) of 0.1 M and 0.4 M. All the films dried at 100 °C and then the annealing treatment performed by three different procedures. The influence of different annealing processes and total metal concentrations was studied on crystallinity, transparency, conductivity and morphology of thin films by XRD, EDX, FT-IR and UV-vis transmittance spectroscopy, four point probe, AFM and SEM images. It was found that two-step annealing procedure under vacuum is a more proper way to increase the conductivity of TNO thin films compared to one-step annealing process. Two-step method exhibited the minimum resistivity of 4.4 Ω cm and the transparency of about 50% in the visible region with 36 nm thickness.

  4. Surface Texturing of TiO2 Film by Mist Dep osi-tion of TiO2 Nanoparticles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gang Qin; Akira Watanabe

    2013-01-01

    Unique and various microstructures of titanium oxide (TiO2) film including macroporous struc-ture, chromatic veins and rings, have been easily fabricated by mist deposition method on silicon substrate with mild preparation conditions. Rutile phase TiO2 nanoparticles were directly used as starting material to prepare film and led to a simple preparation process. It was found that several different microstructures existed in the sample and changed with the varied positions from the center to the edge of the film when the concentration of the TiO2 suspension is 0.06 mol/l, the deposition time is 30 min, the flow rate is 1 l/min and the temperature is 150℃. The surface texturing shows apparent distinction as the concentration of the TiO2 suspension decreased to 0.03 mol/l and 0.01 mol/l.

  5. Research on TiO2 thin film electrode grown in situ prepared by micro plasma method%微等离子法制备原位生长TiO2薄膜电极研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王松; 于忠臣; 刘继伟; 孙冰; 马东; 张雪娇

    2013-01-01

    采用微等离子体氧化法制备用于染料敏化太阳能电池的原位生长TiO2薄膜电极.筛选适合制备较高光电性能原位生长TiO2薄膜电极的电解液,利用扫描电镜(SEM)、X射线衍射(XRD)和交流阻抗谱(EIS)考察电解液类型对所得TiO2薄膜电极的表面形貌、晶相组成和内部阻抗的影响,并利用X射线光电子能谱(XPS)和红外吸收(IR)研究染料敏化剂与TiO2薄膜表面的相互作用.结果表明,以(NH4)2SO4为电解液制备TiO2薄膜的光电性能高于硫酸体系所得TiO2薄膜的光电性能,短路电流、开路电压和光电转换效率分别为49 μA/cm2,652 mV和0.095%.薄膜主要由大量的金红石和少量的锐钛矿和钛组成,并且以(NH4)2 SO4为电解液制备的薄膜中,TiO2含量较高.膜层较厚,约为7.5 μm.薄膜的内部阻抗相对较小,有利于染料敏化太阳能电池光电性能的提高.所得Ti()2薄膜电极的光电性能较高;cis-Ru (dcbpy)2 (NCS)2染料可以吸附在微等离子氧化法制备的TiO2薄膜表面.染料cis-Ru (dcbpy)2 (NCS)2敏化后的TiO2薄膜XPS谱中出现了O=C-O基团中的C1s吸收峰,说明染料可以吸附在微等离子氧化法制备的TiO2薄膜表面.在红外光谱中,在1 737 nm处出现了一个吸收峰,应为酯键羰基振动所引起的,由此可以推断染料与TiO2表面应以类酯键形式结合.%TiO2 thin film electrode grown in situ for dye sensitized solar cells was prepared using the micro plasma oxidation method. The electrolyte was filtrated according to the photoelectric properties of the TiO2 thin film electrode. The effects of electrolyte on the surface morphology,phase composition and internal impedance are investigated by scan electron microscopy (SEM) ,X-ray diffraction (XRD) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The interaction between dye and the surface of TiO2 thin film is studied by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) ans infrared absorption (IR). The results show that

  6. Photocatalytic and superhydrophilicity properties of N-doped TiO2 nanothin films

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pure TiO2 and nitrogen doped titanium dioxide (N-TiO2) thin films were prepared by sol-gel method through spin coating on soda lime glass substrates. TiCl4 and urea were used as Ti and N sources in the sol. XRD results showed nitrogen doping has retarded anatase to rutile phase transformation. The doping also leads to a decrease in roughness of the samples from 4 nm (TiO2) to 1 nm (N-TiO2). However, surface analysis by statistical methods reveals that both surfaces have self-affine structure. Optical band gap of thin films was shifted from 3.65 eV (TiO2) to 3.47 eV (N-TiO2). Hydrophilic conversion and photocatalytic degradation properties of thin films were investigated and exhibited that N-TiO2 thin film has more preferable hydrophilicity and photocatalytic properties under UV illumination.

  7. Photocatalytic and superhydrophilicity properties of N-doped TiO 2 nanothin films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chekini, M.; Mohammadizadeh, M. R.; Vaez Allaei, S. M.

    2011-06-01

    Pure TiO 2 and nitrogen doped titanium dioxide (N-TiO 2) thin films were prepared by sol-gel method through spin coating on soda lime glass substrates. TiCl 4 and urea were used as Ti and N sources in the sol. XRD results showed nitrogen doping has retarded anatase to rutile phase transformation. The doping also leads to a decrease in roughness of the samples from 4 nm (TiO 2) to 1 nm (N-TiO 2). However, surface analysis by statistical methods reveals that both surfaces have self-affine structure. Optical band gap of thin films was shifted from 3.65 eV (TiO 2) to 3.47 eV (N-TiO 2). Hydrophilic conversion and photocatalytic degradation properties of thin films were investigated and exhibited that N-TiO 2 thin film has more preferable hydrophilicity and photocatalytic properties under UV illumination.

  8. Electrochromic Properties of Sol-gel Deposited V2O5 and TiO2-V2O5 Binary Thin Films

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Transparent mixed phase (1 - x)V2O5-xTiO2 (x=0,0.1,0.2,0.3,0.4) thin films were prepared on indium tin oxide (ITO) coated glass via sol-gel process. The films were characterized by cyclic voltammetry, optical spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, IR and X-ray diffractometer.Electrochemical lithium insertion/extraction showed that the porous structure of sol-gel (1 -x)V2.O5-xTiO2 thin films exhibited good recharge ability of Li+/e- insertion/extraction process.For a 220 nm thick (1 - x)V2O5-xTiO2 film with 90% V2O5, the capacity of charge exchange reached 9 mC/cm2. In both Li+ intercalated and free states, the films were highly transparent to visible light. Such films have potential applications in counter electrodes for electrochromic smart windows and other electrochemical devices.

  9. Preparation of Ce4+, Sb3+-Codoped TiO2 Films in Electric Field Heating-Treatment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Titania is an important catalytic material for photo-catalytic applications, and the sol-gel process is one of the most appropriate technologies to prepare TiO2 thin films. In the present paper, the Ce4+, Sb3+-codoped TiO2 films were prepared by sol-gel method, which were heat-treated with an applied electric filed. The phase transformation behavior of Ce4+, Sb3+-codoped TiO2 film in the electric field heating-treatment was studied by XRD and AFM. It is found that the crystals were homogeneous and the average crystal size was about 60 nm. Studies of photo-catalytic degradation show that the photo-catalytic activity of Ce4+, Sb3+-codoped TiO2 films heated to 500 ℃ in an applied electric field was higher.

  10. Photovoltaic performance improvement of dye-sensitized solar cells through introducing In-doped TiO2 film at conducting glass and mesoporous TiO2 interface as an efficient compact layer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In-doped TiO2 thin film was introduced at the interface of fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) substrate and mesoporous TiO2 film by spin-coating method, and its application as a new compact layer material for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) was investigated. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM), UV-visible spectroscopy, current-voltage characteristics, Mott-Schottky analysis, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) analysis and open-circuit voltage decay (OCVD) technique are used to characterize the morphology, optical transmittance and flat-band potentials (Vfb) of In-doped titania compact film and its effect to the photoelectron conversion process. It was found that In-doping increased the transmittance of TiO2 compact layer, the interfacial resistance between FTO substrate and porous TiO2 film and the flat-band potential of TiO2 film. The In-doped TiO2 compact layer effectively suppressed the charge recombination from FTO to the electrolyte, increased the optical absorption of dye and then increased the short-circuit photocurrent density (Jsc). Furthermore, In-doped TiO2 compact layer acted as a weak energy barrier, which increased the electron density in the mesoporous TiO2 film, thus improved open-circuit photovoltage (Voc). As a result, the overall energy conversion efficiency of the DSSC with In-doped TiO2 compact layer was enhanced by 11.9% and 6.9% compared to the DSSC without compact layer and with pure TiO2 compact layer, respectively. It indicated that In-doped TiO2 is a promising compact layer material for dye-sensitized solar cells

  11. Preparation and characterization of whey protein film incorporated with TiO2 nanoparticles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, J J; Wang, S Y; Gunasekaran, S

    2009-09-01

    Biodegradable titanium dioxide (TiO(2))/whey protein isolate (WPI) blend films were made by casting denatured WPI film solutions incorporated with TiO(2) nanoparticles. X-ray diffraction, UV-vis spectra, and fluorescence spectra of the films showed the successful incorporation of TiO(2) nanoparticles into the WPI matrix and indicated the interactions between TiO(2) and WPI. Mechanical tests revealed the antiplasticizing effect of TiO(2) nanoparticles on the WPI/TiO(2) film. Small amounts (WPI film, but also decrease the moisture barrier properties. The addition of higher amounts (>1 wt%) of TiO(2) improves moisture barrier properties but lowers the tensile properties of the film. Microstructural evaluation confirmed the aggregation and distribution of TiO(2) nanoparticles within the WPI matrix and validated the results of functional properties of the WPI/TiO(2) film.

  12. Reason for the loss of hydrophilicity of TiO2 film and its photocatalytic regeneration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YIN; Haoyong(殷好勇); JIN; Zhensheng(金振声); ZHANG; Shunli(张顺利); WANG; Shoubin(王守斌); ZHANG; Zhijun(张治军)

    2002-01-01

    TiO2 film was prepared on soda-lime glass by sol-gel method. The water contact angle (θw) of the fresh TiO2 film is 0o. During storage in air, the surface of TiO2 film is gradually converted to the hydrophobic state. XPS and ITD results reveal that it is due to the adsorption of organic contaminants on TiO2 surface in air ambience. The lost hydrophilicity of TiO2 film can be regenerated by UV illumination.

  13. Extraction of optical constants and thickness of nanometre scale TiO2 film

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Ying-Ge; Liu Pi-Jun; Wang Ying; Zhang Ya-Fei

    2005-01-01

    TiO2 thin filmswere deposited on glass substrates by sputtering in a conventional rf magnetron sputtering system. X-ray diffraction pattern and transmission spectrum were measured. The curves of refraction index and extinction coefficient distributions as well as the thickness of films calculated from transmission spectrum were obtained. The optimization problem was also solved using a method based on a constrained nonlinear programming algorithm.

  14. Synthesize and characterization of S-Ce CO-doped TiO2 thin films%S-Ce共掺杂TiO2薄膜的制备与表征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王海波; 张向超

    2012-01-01

    The S-Ce CO —doped TiO2 nanocomposite film deposited on glass substrate had been synthesized by the sol — gel dip — coating method. The as-synthesized samples were characterized using atomic force microscopy (AFM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS),and ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) absorption spectra analysis technologies. The effective synergetic effects resulted from CO-doping have been discussed through analyzing the effects on the structure,optical electrochemical and photo-induced hydro-philic properties of TiO2 thin films doped with the two different dopants. The results demonstrated that the absorption edge shifted towards visible light region and the water contact angle of the surface of the samples with the water droplet was only 6°, indicating that the S-Ce CO-doped TiO2 nanocomposite film showed promising applications in the field of development for the novel self-cleaning building materials.%利用溶胶-凝胶法,结合浸渍-提拉技术,制备了S-Ce共掺杂TiO2薄膜.利用原子力显微镜(AFM)、X线光电子能谱(XPS)、紫外-可见吸收光谱(UV-vis)和接触角测试等多种表征手段,研究了S-Ce共掺杂对TiO2薄膜的结构和光学、电化学、亲水性能的影响.研究结果表明:S-Ce共掺杂TiO2薄膜的吸收边向可见光范围产生了不同程度的红移,与水的接触角逐渐减小.5%S-5%Ce共掺杂TiO2薄膜的接触角仅为6°,表现出良好的润湿性,将在新型自洁净建筑材料具有广阔的应用前景.

  15. Preparation and characterization of compact TiO2 film used in Gr(a)tzel solar cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Bin; WANG Liduo; ZHANG Deqiang; QIU Yong

    2004-01-01

    We report for the first time the preparation method of compact TiO2 film using titanium butoxide-petroleum ether solution, by means of dipping and sintering. Our estimation of the component of this thin film was confirmed by XPS test. Studies of AFM showed the influence of preparation condition upon surface morphology. The transmitted spectrum of this compact TiO2 film was also investigated, which presented an excellent transmittance of this film in the visible light region. We arrive at a conclusion, according to the I-V characteristics of solid-state Gratzel solar cells utilizing this kind of compact film, that this compact TiO2 film functions well in secluding the conducting substrate from the hole-conducting material.

  16. 掺杂Sb对纳米TiO2薄膜的超亲水性和微结构的影响%The Effect of Dopant Sb on the Superhydrophilicity and the Microstructure of the Nanoscale TiO2 Thin Film

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任达森; 贝宗敏; 黄丽; 沈杰; 崔晓莉; 杨锡良; 章壮健

    2004-01-01

    用溶胶-凝胶法将纳米TiO2:Sb薄膜沉积在玻璃基板上.研究了掺杂浓度对薄膜的光致超亲水性、薄膜结构和晶相转变的影响.结果表明,纯TiO2薄膜中,TiO2不仅以无定型态存在,而且还以板钛矿和锐钛矿的形式存在.掺杂Sb提高了TiO2由无定型向板钛矿和锐钛矿转变的速率.掺入适量的Sb后,TiO2薄膜表现出更好的光致超亲水性.由XRD谱可算出薄膜的晶粒大小为13.3~20.0 nm.%TiO2: Sb nanoscale thin films were deposited on glass substrates by the sol-gel method. The influence of the dopant density on the photo-induced superhydrophilicity of the thin films was investigated and the influences on the structure and the phase transformation of the thin films were studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Raman spectra.The results show that the pure TiO2 thin film composed of not only amorphous but also brookite and anatase. Dopant Sb enhances the crystallization rate of the TiO2 from amorphous to brookite and anatase phase. After doping proper amount of Sb, the thin films show more photo-induced superhydrophilicity than the pure TiO2 thin film as well. The crystalline size of the TiO2: Sb thin films is about 13.3 ~ 20.0 nm calculated from the XRD patterns.

  17. Low-temperature electrodeposition approach leading to robust mesoscopic anatase TiO2 films.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patra, Snehangshu; Andriamiadamanana, Christian; Tulodziecki, Michal; Davoisne, Carine; Taberna, Pierre-Louis; Sauvage, Frédéric

    2016-02-25

    Anatase TiO2, a wide bandgap semiconductor, likely the most worldwide studied inorganic material for many practical applications, offers unequal characteristics for applications in photocatalysis and sun energy conversion. However, the lack of controllable, cost-effective methods for scalable fabrication of homogeneous thin films of anatase TiO2 at low temperatures (ie. < 100 °C) renders up-to-date deposition processes unsuited to flexible plastic supports or to smart textile fibres, thus limiting these wearable and easy-to-integrate emerging technologies. Here, we present a very versatile template-free method for producing robust mesoporous films of nanocrystalline anatase TiO2 at temperatures of/or below 80 °C. The individual assembly of the mesoscopic particles forming ever-demonstrated high optical quality beads of TiO2 affords, with this simple methodology, efficient light capture and confinement into the photo-anode, which in flexible dye-sensitized solar cell technology translates into a remarkable power conversion efficiency of 7.2% under A.M.1.5G conditions.

  18. Low-temperature electrodeposition approach leading to robust mesoscopic anatase TiO2 films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patra, Snehangshu; Andriamiadamanana, Christian; Tulodziecki, Michal; Davoisne, Carine; Taberna, Pierre-Louis; Sauvage, Frédéric

    2016-02-01

    Anatase TiO2, a wide bandgap semiconductor, likely the most worldwide studied inorganic material for many practical applications, offers unequal characteristics for applications in photocatalysis and sun energy conversion. However, the lack of controllable, cost-effective methods for scalable fabrication of homogeneous thin films of anatase TiO2 at low temperatures (ie. smart textile fibres, thus limiting these wearable and easy-to-integrate emerging technologies. Here, we present a very versatile template-free method for producing robust mesoporous films of nanocrystalline anatase TiO2 at temperatures of/or below 80 °C. The individual assembly of the mesoscopic particles forming ever-demonstrated high optical quality beads of TiO2 affords, with this simple methodology, efficient light capture and confinement into the photo-anode, which in flexible dye-sensitized solar cell technology translates into a remarkable power conversion efficiency of 7.2% under A.M.1.5G conditions.

  19. Low-temperature electrodeposition approach leading to robust mesoscopic anatase TiO2 films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patra, Snehangshu; Andriamiadamanana, Christian; Tulodziecki, Michal; Davoisne, Carine; Taberna, Pierre-Louis; Sauvage, Frédéric

    2016-02-01

    Anatase TiO2, a wide bandgap semiconductor, likely the most worldwide studied inorganic material for many practical applications, offers unequal characteristics for applications in photocatalysis and sun energy conversion. However, the lack of controllable, cost-effective methods for scalable fabrication of homogeneous thin films of anatase TiO2 at low temperatures (ie. plastic supports or to smart textile fibres, thus limiting these wearable and easy-to-integrate emerging technologies. Here, we present a very versatile template-free method for producing robust mesoporous films of nanocrystalline anatase TiO2 at temperatures of/or below 80 °C. The individual assembly of the mesoscopic particles forming ever-demonstrated high optical quality beads of TiO2 affords, with this simple methodology, efficient light capture and confinement into the photo-anode, which in flexible dye-sensitized solar cell technology translates into a remarkable power conversion efficiency of 7.2% under A.M.1.5G conditions.

  20. Low-temperature electrodeposition approach leading to robust mesoscopic anatase TiO2 films.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patra, Snehangshu; Andriamiadamanana, Christian; Tulodziecki, Michal; Davoisne, Carine; Taberna, Pierre-Louis; Sauvage, Frédéric

    2016-01-01

    Anatase TiO2, a wide bandgap semiconductor, likely the most worldwide studied inorganic material for many practical applications, offers unequal characteristics for applications in photocatalysis and sun energy conversion. However, the lack of controllable, cost-effective methods for scalable fabrication of homogeneous thin films of anatase TiO2 at low temperatures (ie. < 100 °C) renders up-to-date deposition processes unsuited to flexible plastic supports or to smart textile fibres, thus limiting these wearable and easy-to-integrate emerging technologies. Here, we present a very versatile template-free method for producing robust mesoporous films of nanocrystalline anatase TiO2 at temperatures of/or below 80 °C. The individual assembly of the mesoscopic particles forming ever-demonstrated high optical quality beads of TiO2 affords, with this simple methodology, efficient light capture and confinement into the photo-anode, which in flexible dye-sensitized solar cell technology translates into a remarkable power conversion efficiency of 7.2% under A.M.1.5G conditions. PMID:26911529

  1. Unusual photoelectric behaviors of Mo-doped TiO2 multilayer thin films prepared by RF magnetron co-sputtering: effect of barrier tunneling on internal charge transfer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, B. X.; Luo, S. Y.; Mao, X. G.; Shen, J.; Zhou, Q. F.

    2013-01-01

    Mo-doped TiO2 multilayer thin films were prepared by RF magnetron co-sputtering. Microstructures, crystallite parameters and the absorption band were investigated with atomic force microscopy, X-ray diffraction and ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy. Internal carrier transport characteristics and the photoelectric property of different layer-assemble modes were examined on an electrochemical workstation under visible light. The result indicates that the double-layer structure with an undoped surface layer demonstrated a red-shifted absorption edge and a much stronger photocurrent compared to the uniformly doped sample, signifying that the electric field implanted at the interface between particles in different layers accelerated internal charge transfer effectively. However, a heavily doped layer implanted at the bottom of the three-layer film merely brought about negative effects on the photoelectric property, mainly because of the Schottky junction existing above the substrate. Nevertheless, this obstacle was successfully eliminated by raising the Mo concentration to 1020 cm-3, where the thickness of the depletion layer fell into the order of angstroms and the tunneling coefficient manifested a dramatic increase. Under this circumstance, the Schottky junction disappeared and the strongest photocurrent was observed in the three-layer film.

  2. A study on V+ ion-implanted TiO2 photocatalytic films

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to improve photocatalytic property of TiO2 films, the films were implanted with 40 keV V+ ions to doses of 0.6 x l016, l x l016, 3 x l016 or 6 x l016 ions/cm2. Optical band gap of the V+ ion-implanted TiO2 films were measured by a spectrophotometer. The results show that the optical band gap of TiO2 films decreased with the increasing implantion dose. Methyl orange (MO) in aqueous solution was catalyzed by the ion-implanted TiO2 films under visible light. (authors)

  3. Nano-tribological characteristics of TiO2 films on 3-mercaptopropyl trimethoxysilane sulfonated self-assembled monolayer

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    J Li; X H Sheng

    2009-10-01

    Silane coupling reagent (3-mercaptopropyl trimethoxysilane (MPTS)) was used to prepare twodimensional self-assembled monolayer (SAM) on silicon substrate. The terminal –SH group was in situ oxidized to –SO3H group to endow the film with good chemisorption ability. Then TiO2 thin films were deposited on the oxidized MPTS–SAM to form composite thin films, making use of the chemisorption ability of the –SO3H group. Atomic force microscope (AFM) and contact angle measurements were used to characterize TiO2 films. Adhesive force and friction force of TiO2 thin films and silicon substrate were measured under various applied normal loads and scanning speed of AFM tip. Results showed that the friction force increased with applied normal loads and scanning speed of AFM tip. In order to study the effect of capillary force, tests were performed in various relative humidities. Results showed that the adhesive force of silicon substrate increases with relative humidities and the adhesive force of TiO2 thin films only increases slightly with relative humidity. Research showed that surfaces with more hydrophobic property revealed the lower adhesive and friction forces.

  4. Sb掺杂纳米TiO2光催化剂的晶体结构与光催化性能%Crystal Structure and Photocatalytic Characteristics of Nanoscale Sb-doped TiO2 Thin Films

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任达森; 章壮健

    2006-01-01

    用溶胶-凝胶法将纳米TiO2:Sb薄膜沉积在玻璃基板上.通过XRD、Raman光谱研究了Sb掺杂量对薄膜的晶体结构和晶相转变的影响.结果表明:纯TiO2溥膜中,TiO2不仅以无定型念存在,而且还以板钛矿和锐钛矿的形式存在.掺入适量的Sb后,由于Sb替代了TiO2的部分Ti形成Sb-O-Ti结构,改变了TiO2的晶格结构,改善了薄膜的结晶效率,使锐钛矿结构的TiO2:Sb含量明显提高.掺杂0.2%Sb时,薄膜的结晶效率最高.254 nm光源照射时,掺杂0.2%Sb的电极的阳极光电流密度可达42.49 μA/cm2,是用同种方法制备的纯TiO2薄膜电极的近11倍;对亚甲基蓝具有最高分解性能,其一级反应速率常数为0.171 h/cm2,是未掺杂的纯TiO2薄膜的近2倍.%Nanoscale Sb doped titanium dioxide thin films photocatalyst (Ti1-xSbO2) were obtained from dip-coating sol-gel method. The influence of dopant Sb density on the crystal structure and the phase transformation of the thin films were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Raman spectra. The results of XRD showed that as-prepared films were not only in anatase state but also in brookite. The crystalline size was estimated to be around 13.3-20 nm. Raman spectra indicated there coexisted other phases and a transformation from brookite to anatase in the samples doped with 0.2% Sb. After doping a proper amount of Sb, the crystallization rate and the content of the anatase Ti1-xSbO2 in the thin films was clearly enhanced because Sb replaced part of the Ti of TiO2 in the thin films. The anode current density (photocurrent density) and the first order reaction speed constant (k) of thin films doped with 0.2% Sb reached 42.49 μA/cm2 and 0.171 h/cm2 under 254 nm UV illumination, respectively, which is about 11 times and 2 times that of the non-doped TiO2 anode prepared by the same method respectively.

  5. Photoelectrocatalytic degradation of Rhodamine B with the slant-placed TiO2/Ti anode thin-film reactor%斜板液膜反应器光电催化降解罗丹明B

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐云兰; 钟登杰; 贾金平

    2012-01-01

    TiO2Ti electrode has been prepared by sol-gel process for carrying on photoelectrocatalytic degradation of Rhodamine B tests. The optimum degradation conditions are decided as follows: bias potential +0.8 V circulating flux 7.7 L/h,initial pH=2.5 and supporting salt mass concentration 2.0 g/L. Under these conditions,treating 20 mg/L of RhB solution for 1.5 h,the decolorization rate and TOC removing rate reach 97.3% and 76.2% respectively. The results show that RhB can be effectively degraded by the slant-placed TiO2Ti anode thin-film reactor,because the usability of excitation light sources and mass transfer effectiveness are reinforced at the same time.%采用溶胶-凝胶法制备了TiO2/Ti电极,进行光电催化降解罗丹明B(RhB)试验.确定了最佳降解条件:外加偏压+0.8 V、废水流量7.7 L/h、初始pH=2.5和电解质质量浓度2.0 g/L.在最佳条件下,处理20 mg/L的RhB溶液1.5 h,脱色率和TOC去除率分别达到97.3%和76.2%.结果表明,由于同时强化了激发光源的利用率和溶液的传质效率,斜板液膜反应器可高效降解RhB.

  6. Preparation and Characterization of Pure Rutile TiO2 Nanoparticles for Photocatalytic Study and Thin Films for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huei-Siou Chen

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Pure rutile-phase TiO2 (r-TiO2 was synthesized by a simple one pot experiment under hydrothermal condition using titanium (IV n-butoxide as a Ti-precursor and HCl as a peptizer. The TiO2 products were characterized by XRD, TEM, ESCA, and BET surface area measurement. The r-TiO2 were rodlike in shape with average size of ∼61×32 nm at hydrothermal temperature of 220°C for 10 h. Hydrothermal treatment at longer reaction time increased the tendency of crystal growth and also decreased the BET surface area. The degradation of methylene blue was selected as a test reaction to confer the photocatalytic activity of as-obtained r-TiO2. The results showed a strong correlation between the structure evolution, particle size, and photocatalytic performance of r-TiO2. Furthermore, the r-TiO2-based solar cell was prepared for the photovoltaic characteristics study, and the best efficiency of ~3.16% was obtained.

  7. Optimum Nanoporous TiO2 Film and Its Application to Dye-sensitized Solar Cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴松元; 王孔嘉

    2003-01-01

    Properties of TiO2 nanoporous films, which are one of the crucial technologies in dye-sensitized solar cell, are investigated. The nanocrystalline TiO2 films were prepared with the sol-gel method at different pH in precursor and treatment temperature in autoclave for their application to dye-sensitized solar cells. The thickness of the TiO2 film is very important to the transfer of photoelectron as well as adsorption of dye, it is also known as one of the source to the dark current. The results show that the TiO2 films, such as different particle sizes of TiO2, different pH in precursor and treatment temperature in autoclave, have a strong influence on the photoelectrochemical properties of the dye-sensitized solar cells. We give the optimum TiO2 film thickness and morphology for the application to dye-sensitized solar cells.

  8. Antibacterial effect of silver modified TiO2/PECVD films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hájková, P.; Patenka, P. Å.; Krumeich, J.; Exnar, P.; Kolouch, A.; Matoušek, J.; Kočí, P.

    2009-08-01

    This paper deals with photocatalytic activity of silver treated TiO2 films. The TiO2 films were deposited on glass substrates by plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) in a vacuum reactor with radio frequency (RF) low temperature plasma discharge in the mixture of oxygen and titanium isopropoxide vapors (TTIP). The depositions were performed under different deposition conditions. Subsequently, the surface of TiO2 films was modified by deposition of silver nanoparticles. Photocatalytic activity of both silver modified and unmodified TiO2 films was determined by decomposition of the model organic matter (acid orange 7). Selected TiO2 samples were used for tests of antibacterial activity. These tests were performed on Gram-negative bacteria Escherichia coli. The results clearly proved that presence of silver clusters resulted in enhancement of the photocatalytic activity, which was up to four times higher than that for pure TiO2 films.

  9. Mechanism of photocatalytic bacterial inactivation on TiO2 films involving cell-wall damage and lysis

    OpenAIRE

    C. Pulgarin; Kiwi, J.; Nadtochenko, V.

    2012-01-01

    This article addresses the cell wall damage of Escherichia coil (from now on E. coil) by TiO2 suspensions. The dynamics of TiO2 photocatalysis by thin films layers is described. The films were characterized by FTIR spectroscopy and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The E coil complete inactivation is shown to be due to the partial damage of the cell-wall components (peroxidation). A small increase in the cell wall disorder concomitant with a decrease of the cell wall functional groups leads to h...

  10. Atomic Layer Deposition TiO2 Films and TiO2/SiNx Stacks Applied for Silicon Solar Cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zu-Po Yang

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Titanium oxide (TiO2 films and TiO2/SiNx stacks have potential in surface passivation, anti-reflection coatings and carrier-selective contact layers for crystalline Si solar cells. A Si wafer, deposited with 8-nm-thick TiO2 film by atomic layer deposition, has a surface recombination velocity as low as 14.93 cm/s at the injection level of 1.0 × 1015 cm−3. However, the performance of silicon surface passivation of the deposited TiO2 film declines as its thickness increases, probably because of the stress effects, phase transformation, atomic hydrogen and thermal stability of amorphous TiO2 films. For the characterization of 66-nm-thick TiO2 film, the results of transmission electron microscopy show that the anatase TiO2 crystallinity forms close to the surface of the Si. Secondary ion mass spectrometry shows the atomic hydrogen at the interface of TiO2 and Si which serves for chemical passivation. The crystal size of anatase TiO2 and the homogeneity of TiO2 film can be deduced by the measurements of Raman spectroscopy and spectroscopic ellipsometry, respectively. For the passivating contacts of solar cells, in addition, a stack composed of 8-nm-thick TiO2 film and a plasma-enhanced chemical-vapor-deposited 72-nm-thick SiNx layer has been investigated. From the results of the measurement of the reflectivity and effective carrier lifetime, TiO2/SiNx stacks on Si wafers perform with low reflectivity and some degree of surface passivation for the Si wafer.

  11. Laser-induced electron transfer desorption/ionization of metal complexes on TiO2 films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grechnikov, A. A.; Georgieva, V.; Borodkov, A. S.; Nikiforov, S. M.; Raicheva, Z.; Lazarov, J.; Donkov, N.

    2014-12-01

    Thin titanium dioxide (TiO2) films were studied as ion emitters for the laser-induced electron transfer desorption/ionization (LETDI) of metal complexes with organic reagents. The TiO2 films (350 nm thick) were deposited on the silicon substrates by e-beam evaporation of TiO2 powder. Copper complex with phthalocyanine, rhenium complex with thiocarbanilide and platinum complex with 8-quinolinethiol were studied as the test analytes. Reflectron time-of- flight mass spectrometer with the rotating ball interface was used for analysis. The analytes were applied on the surface of TiO2 film using an electrospray deposition. All tested compounds are detected as the radical molecular ions with no fragmentation. It is found, that TiO2 films are very stable and show good sensitivity in examined range of the analyte concentrations. The limits of detection of studied complexes were at the subfemtomole range, and the relative standard deviation was less than 10%.

  12. Photocatalytic degradation kinetics of Rhodamine B cata-lyzed by nanosized TiO2 film

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    A fixed bed photocatalytic reactor was designed, and dynamic fast scan of UV-Vis adsorption spectrum was adopted to study the photocatalytic degradation dynamic behavior of Rhodamine B, a kind of dye generally recognized as to be degraded difficultly, on the surface of nanosized TiO2 thin film. The results indicate that the photocatalytic degradation process of Rhodamine B does not comply with the first-order reaction kinetic process. As a result, a kinetic model of Rhodamine B photocatalytic degradation reaction is brought forward, and the model is proved by the theoretical deduction and experiment.

  13. Enhanced adsorption of atrazine from aqueous solution by molecularly imprinted TiO2 film

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Chunjing; Yan, Jinlong; Zhang, Chunxiao; Yang, Zhengpeng

    2012-07-01

    TiO2 film imprinted by atrazine molecule at the surface of quartz crystal was prepared using molecular imprinting and surface sol-gel process. The molecularly imprinted TiO2 film was characterized by scanning electron microscopy and cyclic voltammetry, and the atrazine adsorption was investigated by quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) technique. In comparison with non-imprinted TiO2 film, the molecularly imprinted TiO2 film exhibits high selectivity for atrazine, better reversibility and a much higher adsorption capacity for the target molecule, the adsorption equilibrium constant estimated from the in situ frequency measurement is about 6.7 × 104 M-1, which is thirteen times higher than that obtained on non-imprinted TiO2 film.

  14. Surface properties and biocompatibility of nanostructured TiO2 film deposited by RF magnetron sputtering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Majeed, Asif; He, Jie; Jiao, Lingrui; Zhong, Xiaoxia; Sheng, Zhengming

    2015-01-01

    Nanostructured TiO2 films are deposited on a silicon substrate using 150-W power from the RF magnetron sputtering at working pressures of 3 to 5 Pa, with no substrate bias, and at 3 Pa with a substrate bias of -50 V. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis reveals that TiO2 films deposited on unbiased as well as biased substrates are all amorphous. Surface properties such as surface roughness and wettability of TiO2 films, grown in a plasma environment, under biased and unbiased substrate conditions are reported according to the said parameters of RF power and the working pressures. Primary rat osteoblasts (MC3T3-E1) cells have been cultured on nanostructured TiO2 films fabricated at different conditions of substrate bias and working pressures. The effects of roughness and hydrophilicity of nanostructured TiO2 films on cell density and cell spreading have been discussed. PMID:25852353

  15. Formation of TiO2 Modified Film on Carbon Steel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Laizhou SONG; Shizhe SONG; Zhiming GAO

    2004-01-01

    A new technique for preparing TiO2 modified film on carbon steel was accomplished by electroless plating and sol-gel composite process. The artificial neural network was applied to optimize the preparing condition of TiO2 modified film. The optimized condition for forming TiO2 modified film on carbon steel was that NiP plating for 50 min,dip-coating times as 4, heat treatment time for 2 h, and the molar ratio of complexing agent and Ti(OC4HZ9)4 kept 1.5:1. The results showed that TiO2 modified film have good corrosion resistance. The result conformed that it is feasible to design the preparing conditions of TiO2 modified film by artificial neural network.

  16. Surface properties and biocompatibility of nanostructured TiO2 film deposited by RF magnetron sputtering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Majeed, Asif; He, Jie; Jiao, Lingrui; Zhong, Xiaoxia; Sheng, Zhengming

    2015-01-01

    Nanostructured TiO2 films are deposited on a silicon substrate using 150-W power from the RF magnetron sputtering at working pressures of 3 to 5 Pa, with no substrate bias, and at 3 Pa with a substrate bias of -50 V. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis reveals that TiO2 films deposited on unbiased as well as biased substrates are all amorphous. Surface properties such as surface roughness and wettability of TiO2 films, grown in a plasma environment, under biased and unbiased substrate conditions are reported according to the said parameters of RF power and the working pressures. Primary rat osteoblasts (MC3T3-E1) cells have been cultured on nanostructured TiO2 films fabricated at different conditions of substrate bias and working pressures. The effects of roughness and hydrophilicity of nanostructured TiO2 films on cell density and cell spreading have been discussed.

  17. Hydrophilic property of SiO2-TiO2 overlayer films and TiO2/SiO2 mixing films

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    关凯书; 徐宏; 吕宝君

    2004-01-01

    The photo-induced hydrophilicity of SiO2 overlayer on TiO2 films prepared by sol-gel method was investigated by means of soak angle measurement, XPS, UV-VIS and FTIR spectra. The results show that, compared with the TiO2 film without SiO2 overlayer, when the TiO2 film is thoroughly covered by SiO2 overlayer, the hydrophilicity and the sustained effect are enhanced. It is found that the significant growth of the OH group occurs in the surface of SiO2 overlayer. The different mechanism of enhanced hydrophilicity between SiO2 overlayer on TiO2 films and TiO2/SiO2 mixing films was analyzed. The result suggests that the photo-generated electrons created in the interface between TiO2 and SiO2 tend to reduce the Ti(Ⅳ) cation to the Ti(Ⅲ) state, and the photogenerated holes transmit through the SiO2 layer to uppermost surface efficiently. Once the holes go up to the surface, they tend to make the surface hydrophilic. The stable hydrophilicity of SiO2 overlayer which adsorbs more stable OH groups, enhances the sustained effect, i.e. the super-hydrophilic state can be maintained for a long time in dark place.

  18. Electrochromism in sol-gel deposited TiO2 films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bell, John M.; Barczynska, Joanna; Evans, L. A.; MacDonald, Kathleen A.; Wang, J.; Green, David C.; Smith, Geoffrey B.

    1994-09-01

    Electrochromism is sol-gel deposited TiO2 films and films containing TiO2 and WO3 has been observed. The films are deposited by dip-coating from a precursor containing titanium isopropoxide in ethanol or titanium propoxide in ethanol, and after deposition the films are heat treated to between 250 degree(s)C and 300 degree(s)C. The films do not show any signs of crystallinity. However substantial coloration is observed using Li+ ions in a non-aqueous electrolyte, both in pure TiO2 films and in mixed metal oxide films (WO3:TiO2), although the voltage required to produce coloration is different in the two cases. Results will be presented detailing the optical switching and charge transport properties of the films during cyclic voltammetry. These results will be used to compare the performance of the TiO2 films with other electrochromics. The TiO2 and mixed metal films all color cathodically, and the colored state is a neutral greyish color for TiO2, while the bleached state is transparent and colorless, Results on coloration efficiency and the stability under repeated electrochemical cycling will also be presented. The neutral color of the TiO2 films and mixed-metal films means that electrochromic windows based on TiO2 may have significant advantages over WO3-based windows. A detailed analysis of the optical properties of the colored state of the films will be presented. The dynamics of coloration for these films is also under investigation, and preliminary results will be presented.

  19. Nano-crystalline thin and nano-particulate thick TiO2 layer: Cost effective sequential deposition and study on dye sensitized solar cell characteristics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Thin TiO2 layer is deposited on conducting substrate using sol–gel based dip coating. • TiO2 nano-particles are synthesized using hydrothermal route. • Thick TiO2 particulate layer is deposited on prepared thin layer. • Dye sensitized solar cells are made using thin and thick layer based photo-anode. • Introduction of thin layer in particulate photo-anode improves the cell efficiency. - Abstract: A compact thin TiO2 passivation layer is introduced between the mesoporous TiO2 nano-particulate layer and the conducting glass substrate to prepare photo-anode for dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC). In order to understand the effect of passivation layer, other two DSSCs are also developed separately using TiO2 nano-particulate and compact thin film based photo-anodes. Nano-particles are prepared using hydrothermal synthesis route and the compact passivation layer is prepared by simply dip coating the precursor sol prepared through wet chemical route. The TiO2 compact layer and the nano-particles are characterised in terms of their micro-structural features and phase formation behavior. It is found that introduction of a compact TiO2 layer in between the mesoporous TiO2 nano-particulate layer and the conducting substrate improves the solar to electric conversion efficiency of the fabricated cell. The dense thin passivation layer is supposed to enhance the photo-excited electron transfer and prevent the recombination of photo-excited electrons

  20. Formation Mechanistism Study of TiO2 Film Comprising Nanotubes and Nanoparticles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Di Yang; Yi-quan Wang; Guo-bin Ren; Shuai Feng; Yuan-yuan Chen; Wen-zhong Wang

    2012-01-01

    A novel titanium dioxide (TiO2) film comprising both nanotubes and nanopaticles was fabricated by an anodization process of the modified titanium.The local electric field at the anodized surface was simulated and its influence on the morphology of the TiO2 film was discussed.The results show that the electric field strength is enhanced by the covering.The growth rate of TiO2 increases with the assist of the local electric field.However,TiO2 dissolution is hindered since the local electric field prevents [TiF6]6- from diffusing.It means that the balance condition for the formation of nanotubes is broken,and TiO2 nanoparticles are formed.Moreover,the crystal structure of the TiO2 film was confirmed using X-ray diffraction and Raman analysis.The anatase is a main phase for the proposed film.

  1. Preparation of TiO2 Thin Film with Photonic Crystal Structure and Properties of Dye Cell%光子晶体结构TiO2薄膜的制备及其染料电池性能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓文歆; 胡晓斌; 张荻

    2011-01-01

    Taking polystyrene as template, TiO2 film thin with photonic crystal structure was prepared by sol-gel method to copy, and SEM, UV-vis spectrophotometer were employed to characterize the film structure. Dye-sensitization cell with N3 was assembled using the TiO2 as electrode, the absorption and reflection spectrum were drawed through full spectrum microspectrophotometer, and the volt-ampere characteristic was tested. The results show that TiO2 thin film with photonic crystal structure could be successfully obtained, which had ordered, large and arranged-periodical pores. The light absorption and photoelectric conversion properties of the TiO2 film were improved. The absorption intensity of the film increased after dye-sensitization in the visible region. Compared with ordinary TiO2 film with same thickness, the dye-sensitized cell assembled with the TiO2 film with photonic crystal structure had higher short-circuit current and open-circuit voltage, and the fill factor and cell efficiency were improved.%以聚苯乙烯小球薄膜为正模板,采用溶胶-凝胶法拓扑复制出具有光子晶体结构的TiO2薄膜;利用扫描电镜和UV-vis分光光度计等对其结构进行表征;将此结构的TiO2薄膜作为电极组装成N3染料敏化电池,用全光谱显微分光光度计测出了吸收与反射光谱,并测其伏安特性。结果表明:成功制备出具有周期性排列有序大孔的光子晶体结构TiO2薄膜;改善了TiO2薄膜光吸收和光电转化性能;这种结构的TiO2薄膜可以增强染料敏化后在可见光范围的吸收强度,相比于同等厚度的普通TiO2薄膜,可提高染料敏化电池的短路电流和开路电压,改善填充因子和电池效率。

  2. Liquid phase deposition of WO3/TiO2 heterojunction films with high photoelectrocatalytic activity under visible light irradiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Liquid phase deposition is developed for preparing WO3/TiO2 heterojunction films. • TiO2 film provides an excellent platform for WO3 deposition. • WO3 expands the absorption band edge of TiO2 film to visible light region. • WO3/TiO2 heterojunction film shows high photoelectrocatalytic activity. - ABSTRACT: The heterojunction films of WO3/TiO2 were prepared by liquid phase deposition (LPD) method via two-step processes. The scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic analysis indicated that flower-like WO3 film was successfully deposited on TiO2 film with the LPD processes. The TiO2 film provided an excellent platform for WO3 deposition while WO3 obviously expanded the absorption of TiO2 film to visible light. As the result, the heterojunction film of WO3/TiO2 exhibited higher photocurrent response to visible light illumination than pure TiO2 or WO3 film. The photoelectrocatalytic (PEC) activity of WO3/TiO2 film was evaluated by degrading Rhodamin B (RhB) and 4-chlorophenol (4-CP) under visible light irradiation. The results showed that the LPD WO3/TiO2 film possessed high PEC activity for efficient removal of various refractory organic pollutants

  3. Photocatalytic activity of porous TiO2 films prepared by anodic oxidation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Wei; TAO Jie; WANG Tao; WANG Ling

    2007-01-01

    Anatase titanium dioxide is an active photocatalyst, however, it is difficult to be immobilized on the substrate.The crystalline TiO2 porous film was prepared directly on the surface of pure titanium by anodic oxidation. The film was then used for photocatalysis via the methyl orange degradation method. The effects of anodization voltage, pH value, TiO2 film area and degradation time on the photocatalyst were investigated respectively by UV-visible spectrum. It was indicated that the TiO2 film prepared by anodic oxidation at 140 V had the best photocatalysis capability and the degradation of methyl orange was accelerated with acid addition.

  4. Preparation of photo-catalysis TiO2 films by combined plasma surface treatment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    TiO2 films with excellent bonding strength were fabricated on stainless steel substrate by plasma surface alloying and thermal oxidation duplex processing. Controllable elemental distribution and structure of the films could be achieved at 400-600 degree C. The films were characterized by metallography, glow discharge spectrometer (GDOES) and X-ray diffraction. The results show that the TiO2 films are of dense and uniform anatase. The Ti and O contents of the films are in gradient distribution. Phenol-containing wastewater was used to test photo-catalytic performance of the films. The TiO2 films have a degradation rate of phenol of about 73.5% in 3 h, much higher than commercial products of TiO2 powders. (authors)

  5. The Role of Nanoscale Seed Layers on the Enhanced Performance of Niobium Doped TiO2 Thin Films on Glass

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nikodemski, Stefan; Dameron, Arrelaine A.; Perkins, John D.; O' Hayre, Ryan P.; Ginley, David S.; Berry, Joseph J.

    2016-09-09

    Transparent conducting oxide (TCO) coatings with decreased cost and greater process or performance versatility are needed for a variety of optoelectronic applications. Among potential new TCO candidates, doped titanium dioxide is receiving particular interest. In this study, niobium-doped titania bilayer structures consisting of a nanoscale seed layer (deposited by atomic layer deposition or RF magnetron sputtering) followed by a thick bulk-like layer were grown directly on glass in order to examine the effects of the seed layer processing on the subsequent crystallization and electrical properties of these heterostructures. Observations from Raman spectroscopy suggest that higher oxygen content in the seed layer suppresses the formation of detrimental titania polymorph phases, found in films produced by annealing directly after synthesis without any exposure to oxygen. Furthermore, our results indicate that the generation of excellent Nb:TiO2 conductors on glass (without breaking vacuum) only occurs within a narrow processing range and that the sequential deposition of oxygen-poor layers on oxygen-rich layers is a critical step towards achieving films with low resistivity.

  6. The Role of Nanoscale Seed Layers on the Enhanced Performance of Niobium doped TiO2 Thin Films on Glass

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nikodemski, Stefan; Dameron, Arrelaine A.; Perkins, John D.; O'Hayre, Ryan P.; Ginley, David S.; Berry, Joseph J.

    2016-09-01

    Transparent conducting oxide (TCO) coatings with decreased cost and greater process or performance versatility are needed for a variety of optoelectronic applications. Among potential new TCO candidates, doped titanium dioxide is receiving particular interest. In this study, niobium-doped titania bilayer structures consisting of a nanoscale seed layer (deposited by atomic layer deposition or RF magnetron sputtering) followed by a thick bulk-like layer were grown directly on glass in order to examine the effects of the seed layer processing on the subsequent crystallization and electrical properties of these heterostructures. Observations from Raman spectroscopy suggest that higher oxygen content in the seed layer suppresses the formation of detrimental titania polymorph phases, found in films produced by annealing directly after synthesis without any exposure to oxygen. Furthermore, our results indicate that the generation of excellent Nb:TiO2 conductors on glass (without breaking vacuum) only occurs within a narrow processing range and that the sequential deposition of oxygen-poor layers on oxygen-rich layers is a critical step towards achieving films with low resistivity.

  7. The Role of Nanoscale Seed Layers on the Enhanced Performance of Niobium doped TiO2 Thin Films on Glass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nikodemski, Stefan; Dameron, Arrelaine A; Perkins, John D; O'Hayre, Ryan P; Ginley, David S; Berry, Joseph J

    2016-01-01

    Transparent conducting oxide (TCO) coatings with decreased cost and greater process or performance versatility are needed for a variety of optoelectronic applications. Among potential new TCO candidates, doped titanium dioxide is receiving particular interest. In this study, niobium-doped titania bilayer structures consisting of a nanoscale seed layer (deposited by atomic layer deposition or RF magnetron sputtering) followed by a thick bulk-like layer were grown directly on glass in order to examine the effects of the seed layer processing on the subsequent crystallization and electrical properties of these heterostructures. Observations from Raman spectroscopy suggest that higher oxygen content in the seed layer suppresses the formation of detrimental titania polymorph phases, found in films produced by annealing directly after synthesis without any exposure to oxygen. Furthermore, our results indicate that the generation of excellent Nb:TiO2 conductors on glass (without breaking vacuum) only occurs within a narrow processing range and that the sequential deposition of oxygen-poor layers on oxygen-rich layers is a critical step towards achieving films with low resistivity. PMID:27610922

  8. The Role of Nanoscale Seed Layers on the Enhanced Performance of Niobium doped TiO2 Thin Films on Glass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nikodemski, Stefan; Dameron, Arrelaine A; Perkins, John D; O'Hayre, Ryan P; Ginley, David S; Berry, Joseph J

    2016-09-09

    Transparent conducting oxide (TCO) coatings with decreased cost and greater process or performance versatility are needed for a variety of optoelectronic applications. Among potential new TCO candidates, doped titanium dioxide is receiving particular interest. In this study, niobium-doped titania bilayer structures consisting of a nanoscale seed layer (deposited by atomic layer deposition or RF magnetron sputtering) followed by a thick bulk-like layer were grown directly on glass in order to examine the effects of the seed layer processing on the subsequent crystallization and electrical properties of these heterostructures. Observations from Raman spectroscopy suggest that higher oxygen content in the seed layer suppresses the formation of detrimental titania polymorph phases, found in films produced by annealing directly after synthesis without any exposure to oxygen. Furthermore, our results indicate that the generation of excellent Nb:TiO2 conductors on glass (without breaking vacuum) only occurs within a narrow processing range and that the sequential deposition of oxygen-poor layers on oxygen-rich layers is a critical step towards achieving films with low resistivity.

  9. Well-organized meso-macroporous TiO2/SiO2 film derived from amphiphilic rubbery comb copolymer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeon, Harim; Lee, Chang Soo; Patel, Rajkumar; Kim, Jong Hak

    2015-04-15

    We report the facile synthesis of a well-organized meso-macroporous TiO2/SiO2 thin film with high porosity and good interconnectivity from a binary mixture (i.e., titania precursor and polymer template). Our process is based on self-assembly of the amphiphilic rubbery comb copolymer, poly(dimethylsiloxane)-g-poly(oxyethylene methacrylate) (PDMS-g-POEM) with titanium tetraisopropoxide (TTIP). SiO2 is self-provided by thermal oxidation of PDMS chains during calcination under air. The selective, preferential interaction between TTIP and the hydrophilic POEM chains was responsible for the formation of well-organized TiO2/SiO2 films, as supported by transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray photospectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction analyses. We investigated in detail the effect of precursor content, solvent type, and polymer concentration on thin film morphology. Photodegradation of methyl orange by the well-organized meso-macroporous TiO2/SiO2 film was greater than that of a dense TiO2 film prepared without PDMS-g-POEM as well as a SiO2-etched TiO2 film. These results indicate that the well-organized structure and SiO2 doping of the TiO2 film play a pivotal role in enhancing its photocatalytic properties. PMID:25805232

  10. Effect of deposition parameters on the photocatalytic activity and bioactivity of TiO2 thin films deposited by vacuum arc on Ti-6Al-4V substrates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lilja, Mirjam; Welch, Ken; Astrand, Maria; Engqvist, Håkan; Strømme, Maria

    2012-05-01

    This article evaluates the influence of the main parameters in a cathodic arc deposition process on the microstructure of titanium dioxide thin coatings and correlates these to the photocatalytic activity (PCA) and in vitro bioactivity of the coatings. Bioactivity of all as deposited coatings was confirmed by the growth of uniform layers of hydroxyapatite (HA) after 7 days in phosphate buffered saline at 37°C. Comparison of the HA growth after 24 h indicated enhanced HA formation on coatings with small titanium dioxide grains of rutile and anatase phase. The results from the PCA studies showed that coatings containing a mixed microstructure of both anatase and rutile phases, with small grain sizes in the range of 26-30 nm and with a coating thickness of about 250 nm, exhibited enhanced activity as compared with other microstructures and higher coating thickness. The results of this study should be valuable for the development of new bioactive implant coatings with photocatalytically induced on-demand antibacterial properties.

  11. Electrochemical Properties of Poly(ethylene oxide)(PEO) Doped TiO2-PEO Films Prepared by Sol-gel Dip Coating Technique

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    PEO modified TiO2-PEO organic-inorganic hybrid thin films were prepared via sol-gel dipping process on glass substrate pre-coated with ITO. The preparation parameters were studied. Electrochemical and optical properties of the films were characterized by cyclic voltammetric response and visible transmittance. X-ray diffraction (XRD) was used to determined the crystalline structure of the gel. The results show the sols added with PEO have acceptable stable periods for practical use. The PEO modified optical transitivity of the hybrid films has heavy effects on the crystallization of TiO2 during structural evolution because of the interaction between PEO and TiO2. PEO- TiO2 films have better electrochemical activity than the TiO2 equivalent behaved as higher Li+ insertion/extraction current density and cyclic reversibility.

  12. Hybrid Solar Cell with TiO2 Film: BBOT Polymer and Copper Phthalocyanine as Sensitizer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saptadip Saha

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available An organic-inorganic hybrid solar cell was fabricated using Titanium dioxide (TiO2: 2,5-bis(5-tert-butyl-2-benzoxazolyl thiophene (BBOT film and Copper Phthalocyanine (CuPc as a sensitizer. BBOT was used in photodetector in other reported research works, but as per best of our knowledge, it was not implemented in solar cells till date. The blend of TiO2: BBOT blend was used to fabricate the film on ITO-coated glass and further a thin layer of CuPc was coated on the film. This was acted as photoanode and another ITO coated glass with a platinum coating was used as a counter electrode (cathode. An optimal blend of acetonitrile (solvent (50-100%, 1,3-dimethylimidazolium iodide (10-25%, iodine (2.5-10% and lithium iodide, pyridine derivative and thiocyanate was used as electrolytes in the hybrid solar cell. The different structural, optical and electrical characteristics were measured. The Hybrid solar cell showed a maximum conversion efficiency of 6.51%.

  13. Antimicrobial Activity of TiO2 Nanoparticle-Coated Film for Potential Food Packaging Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Hajar Othman

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Recent uses of titanium dioxide (TiO2 have involved various applications which include the food industry. This study aims to develop TiO2 nanoparticle-coated film for potential food packaging applications due to the photocatalytic antimicrobial property of TiO2. The TiO2 nanoparticles with varying concentrations (0–0.11 g/ 100 mL organic solvent were coated on food packaging film, particularly low density polyethylene (LDPE film. The antimicrobial activity of the films was investigated by their capability to inactivate Escherichia coli (E. coli in an actual food packaging application test under various conditions, including types of light (fluorescent and ultraviolet (UV and the length of time the film was exposed to light (one–three days. The antimicrobial activity of the TiO2 nanoparticle-coated films exposed under both types of lighting was found to increase with an increase in the TiO2 nanoparticle concentration and the light exposure time. It was also found that the antimicrobial activity of the films exposed under UV light was higher than that under fluorescent light. The developed film has the potential to be used as a food packaging film that can extend the shelf life, maintain the quality, and assure the safety of food.

  14. Polycrystalline TiO2 Thin Films Deposited by a Modified Oxygen Pulse Magnetron Sputtering%氧脉冲磁控溅射法制备多晶TiO2薄膜

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王秩伟; 龚恒翔; 李雪; 谌家军

    2008-01-01

    Polycrystalline TiO2 thin films were deposited on slide glass by a modified sputtering,which called oxygen pulse DC magnetron reactive sputtering as oxygen was systematically controlled like pulse.This technology can effectively abate target poisoning and increase the deposition rate by about 7 times compared with conventional reactive sputtering.The effects of deposition time,oxygen partial pressure and time of oxygen on-off on deposition rate,crystal structure and surface topography were investigated by elliptical polarization measurement,X-ray diffraction(XRD),and field emission scanning electron microscopy(FE-SEM),respectively.The results indicated that samples deposited at oxygen partial pressure of 30%,Toff=30s and 20s have the best crystalline structure with unique phase of rutile or anatase and at TooFF=30s TiO2 film has the best surface topography.Besides,the sample tends to form rutile under higher deposition rate and lower oxygen concentration.Electrical resistivity Was studied by Van der Pauw method and samples with which around 10 cm deposited at oxygen partial pressure of 30%,ToFF=30s and 50%,ToFF=40s,respectively,are suit for our further study.%利用一种改进的溅射方法在载波片上制备了多晶TiO2薄膜.由于该法在溅射过程中氧气控制得像脉冲一样,所以称之为氧脉冲直流磁控反应溅射.它能有效的减轻靶中毒,样品沉积速率达到传统反应溅射法的7倍左右.分别利用椭圆偏振测厚仪、X射线衍射仪和场发射扫描电子显微镜研究了沉积时间、氧分压以及氧气开关时间对沉积速率、晶体结构和表面形貌的影响.研究结果显示,在氧分压为30%,断氧时间Toff=30s和20s下制备的样品具有最好的金红石相或锐钛矿相单一晶体结构,并且在Toff=30s时,具有最佳的表面形貌.此外.在较高沉积速率和较低氧分压下,样品更趋向于生成金红石相.利用范德堡法研究了样品的电阻率,在氧分压为30%,Toff

  15. Influence of Acetylacetone on Photocatalytic Properties of TiO2 Thin Films Deposited on PMMA Substrates%乙酰丙酮对PMMA负载锐钛矿型TiO2薄膜及其光催化性能影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张志清; 黄剑锋; 曹丽云; 吴建鹏

    2011-01-01

    The nanociystalline TiO2 solution was prepared using a microwave hydrotheimal process to treat precursor liquid which was obtained by control the hydrolysis of titanium-n-butoxide in the presence of excessive water and acetylacetone (AcAcH). Then nanociystalline TiO2 thin films were deposited on polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) substrates by dip-coating process from TiO2 colloidal solution. The phase composition of TiO2 nanoparticles, morphologies and optical properties of TiO2 thin films deposited on PMMA substrates were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FTTR), transmission electron microscope (TEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM) and UV-vis spectroscopy. Meanwhile photocatalytic properties of TiO2 films were investigated by degradation of Rhodamine B ( RhB) under ultraviolet radiation. Trie results indicate that anatase TiO2 colloidal solution modified by AcAcH is disperse, uniform, deposit-free and the deposited TiO2 thin films are transparent, homogeneous and compact, and show high efficiency of photocatalysis. Rhodamine B has been degradated over 90% at 180 min%以钛酸丁酯作为钛源,水为溶剂,乙酰丙酮(AcAcH)为表面修饰剂,采用微波水热辅助溶胶-凝胶法制备了纳米晶二氧化钛水溶液,利用提拉镀膜法在聚合物聚甲基丙烯酸甲酯(PMMA)基板上沉积得到了透明TiO2纳米晶薄膜.通过X射线衍射(XRD)、红外光谱(FTIR)、透射电子显微镜(TEM)、原子力显微镜(AFM)和紫外-可见光吸收光谱(UV-Vis)等对TiO2纳米颗粒和薄膜的晶相组成、表面形貌及光学性能进行表征.同时通过紫外光光催化降解罗丹明B研究了TiO2薄膜的光催化性能.结果表明:通过引入乙酰丙酮,可以得到高度分散、晶相为锐钛矿型的TiO2水溶胶,在PMMA基板上沉积得到的薄膜表面平整、致密,具有良好的透光率,经过180 min紫外光照射,对罗丹明B的降解率达到90%以上.

  16. TiO2-BASED Composite Films for the Photodegradation of Oxytetracycline

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Hui; Guan, Ling-Xiao; Feng, Ji-Jun; Li, Fang; Yao, Ming-Ming

    2015-02-01

    The spread of the antibiotic oxytetracycline (OTC) has been thought as a threat to the safety of drinking water. In this paper, the photocatalytic activity of the nanocrystalline Fe/Ca co-doped TiO2-SiO2 composite film for the degradation of OTC was studied. The films were characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) equipped with energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), N2 adsorption/desorption isotherms, photoluminescence (PL) spectra, and UV-Vis diffraction reflectance absorption spectra (DRS). The FE-SEM results indicated that the Fe/Ca co-doped TiO2-SiO2 film was composed of smaller nanoparticles compared to pure TiO2 or TiO2-SiO2 film. The BET surface area results showed that the specific surface area of the pure TiO2, TiO2-SiO2 and Ca2+/Fe3+ co-doped TiO2-SiO2 is 118.3 m2g-1, 294.3 m2g-1 and 393.7 m2g-1, respectively. The DRS and PL spectra revealed that the Fe/Ca co-doped TiO2-SiO2 film had strong visible light adsorption and diminished electrons/holes recombination. Experimental results showed that the Fe/Ca co-doped TiO2-SiO2 film is effective in the degradation of OTC under both UV and visible light irradiation.

  17. Use of co-spray pyrolysis for synthesizing nitrogen-doped TiO2 films

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Nho Pham Van; Pham Hoang Ngan

    2013-10-01

    Nitrogen-doped nanocrystalline TiO2 is well known as the most promising photocatalyst. Despite many years after discovery, seeking of efficient method to prepare TiO2 doped with nitrogen still attracts a lot of attention. In this paper, we present the result of using co-spray pyrolysis to synthesize nitrogen-doped TiO2 films from TiCl4 and NH4NO3. The grown films were subjected to XRD, SEM, photocatalysis, absorption spectra and visible-light photovoltaic investigations. All the deposited films were of nanosized polycrystal, high crystallinity, pure anatase and porosity. Specific characteristics involved nitrogen doping such as enhanced photocatalytic activity, bandgap narrowing, visible light responsibility and typical correlation of the photoactivity with nitrogen concentration were all exhibited. Obtained results proved that high photoactive nitrogen-doped TiO2 films can be synthesized by co-spray pyrolysis.

  18. SAXS Studies of TiO2 Nanoparticles in Polymer Electrolytes and in Nanostructured Films

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sigrid Bernstorff

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Polymer electrolytes as nanostructured materials are very attractive components for batteries and opto-electronic devices. (PEO8ZnCl2 polymer electrolytes were prepared from PEO and ZnCl2. The nanocomposites (PEO8ZnCl2/TiO2 themselves contained TiO2 nanograins. In this work, the influence of the TiO2 nanograins on the morphology and ionic conductivity of the nanocomposite was systematically studied by transmission small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS simultaneously recorded with wide-angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC at the synchrotron ELETTRA. Films containing nanosized grains of titanium dioxide (TiO2 are widely used in the research of optical and photovoltaic devices. The TiO2 films, prepared by chemical vapor deposition and e-beam epitaxy, were annealed in hydrogen atmospheres in the temperature range between 20 °C and 900 °C in order to study anatase-rutile phase transition at 740 °C. Also, grazing-incidence small angle X-ray scattering (GISAXS spectra for each TiO2 film were measured in reflection geometry at different grazing incident angles. Environmentally friendly galvanic cells, as well as solar cells of the second generation, are to be constructed with TiO2 film as working electrode, and nanocomposite polymer as electrolyte.

  19. Characterization of nano porous TiO2 films prepared by sol-gel method

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nano-porous TiO2 films as a key component in dye sensitized and extremely thin absorber (ETA) solar cells were prepared by the sol-gel method using spin-coating and spray pyrolysis deposition techniques. The precursor sol contained titanium (IV) iso-prop-oxide, acetylacetone and polyethylene glycol (PEG) in ethanol. Glass and n-type Si (100) were used as substrates. SEM, XRD and FT-IR were used to study the effect of the PEG concentration in the precursor solution as well as different annealing routes on the film composition and structural properties. Crystalline films with anatase structure could be grown by the spray technique at 500 C. Post-annealing at 500 C increases the crystallite size (from 5 to 9 nm) and results in an average pore size around 40 nm. A film thickness of about 2.3 μm is attained using 50 spray pulses. In spin coated films the formation of Ti-O-Ti anatase bonds is observed after annealing at 450 C. Crystalline films can be prepared by annealing at temperatures above 700 C. Surface morphology and pore size of spin coated films are controlled by the amount of PEG in the sol. The film thickness is around 120 nm after three coating cycles. (authors)

  20. Nanostructure Study of TiO2 Films Prepared by Dip Coating Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    The microstructure properties of the sol-gel derived TiO2 films were studied by the atomic force microscopy (AFM).The films were prepared by dip coating process. The optical properties of the films were explained on the basis ofthe microstructure of the films.

  1. Polymer Photovoltaic Cell Using TiO2/G-PEDOT Nanocomplex Film as Electrode

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. X. Xie

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Using TiO2/G-PEDOT (PEDOT/PSS doped with glycerol nanocomplex film as a substitute for metal electrode in organic photovoltaic cell is described. Indium tin oxide (ITO worked as cathode and TiO2/G-PEDOT nanocomplex works as anode. The thickness of TiO2 layer in nanocomplex greatly affects the act of this nonmetallic electrode of the device. To enhance its performance, this inverted organic photovoltaic cell uses another TiO2 layer as electron selective layer contacted to ITO coated glass substrates. All films made by solution processing techniques are coated on the transparent substrate (glass with a conducting film ITO. The efficiency of this solar cell is compared with the conventional device using Al as electrode.

  2. Evolution of different structural phases of TiO2 films with oxygen partial pressure and Fe doping and their electrical properties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ► Fe doped and undoped TiO2 films are grown with varying oxygen partial pressure (OPP). ► Different structural and electrical phases of TiO2 films evolve with OPP. ► Phases obtained at different OPP are not same for films with different Fe doping. ► XPS confirms Fe is not in metal cluster form. ► Charge ordering is observed in magneli phase of Fe doped and undoped TiO2 films. -- Abstract: We have studied the influence of oxygen partial pressure (OPP; 250 mTorr–1 × 10−5 Torr) and Fe doping (2 and 4 at.%) on structural and electrical properties of TiO2 thin films on LaAlO3 substrates. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy suggests that Fe is not in metal cluster form. It is found that the evolution of the three phases; anatase, rutile and brookite of TiO2 as well as the magneli phase (TinO2n−1) strongly depends on the OPP and Fe doping concentration. All the films grown at 250 mTorr show insulating behavior, whereas films grown at 1 × 10−2 and 1 × 10−4 Torr reveal high temperature metallic to low temperature semiconducting transition. Interestingly, films deposited at 1 × 10−5 Torr reveal charge ordering, which is contributed to the magneli phase of TiO2. The present study suggests that functionality of TiO2 thin film based devices can be tuned by properly selecting the OPP and dopant concentration.

  3. Multi-Layered TiO2 Films towards Enhancement of Escherichia coli Inactivation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sorachon Yoriya

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Crystalline TiO2 has shown its great photocatalytic properties in bacterial inactivation. This work presents a design fabrication of low-cost, layered TiO2 films assembled reactors and a study of their performance for a better understanding to elucidate the photocatalytic effect on inactivation of E. coli in water. The ability to reduce the number of bacteria in water samples for the layered TiO2 composing reactors has been investigated as a function of time, while varying the parameters of light sources, initial concentration of bacteria, and ratios of TiO2 film area and volume of water. Herein, the layered TiO2 films have been fabricated on the glass plates by thermal spray coating prior to screen printing, allowing a good adhesion of the films. Surface topology and crystallographic phase of TiO2 for the screen-printed active layer have been characterized, resulting in the ratio of anatase:rutile being 80:20. Under exposure to sunlight and a given condition employed in this study, the optimized film area:water volume of 1:2.62 has shown a significant ability to reduce the E. coli cells in water samples. The ratio of surface area of photocatalytic active base to volume of water medium is believed to play a predominant role facilitating the cells inactivation. The kinetic rate of inactivation and its behavior are also described in terms of adsorption of reaction species at different contact times.

  4. Preparation and photoelectrochemical performance of TiO2/Ag2Se interface composite film

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Coupling TiO2 with a narrow band gap semiconductor acting as the photosensitizer has attracted much attention in solar energy exploitation. In this work,the porous TiO2 film was first formed on the conducting glass plate (CGP) substrate by the decomposition of polyethylene glycol (PEG) mixing in titanium hydroxide sol at 450℃. Then,the TiO2/Ag2Se interface composite film was fabricated by interface reaction of AgNO3 with NaSeSO3 on the activated surface of porous TiO2 film. The results of SEM and XRD analyses indicated that the porous TiO2 layer was made up of the anatase crystal,and the Ag2Se layer was made up of congregative small particles that have low-temperature α-phase structure. Due to its efficient charge separation for the photo-induced electron-hole pairs,the TiO2/Ag2Se interface composite film as-prepared has good photovoltaic property and high photocurrent response for visible light,which have been confirmed by the photoelectrochemical measurements.

  5. Synthesis of polycarbonate-r-polyethylene glycol copolymer for templated synthesis of mesoporous TiO2 films.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, Rajkumar; Kim, Jinkyu; Lee, Chang Soo; Kim, Jong Hak

    2014-12-01

    We synthesized a novel polycarbonate Z-r-polyethylene glycol (PCZ-r-PEG) copolymer by solution polycondensation. Successful synthesis of PCZ-r-PEG copolymer was confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR), gel permeation chromatography (GPC), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). PCZ-r-PEG copolymer was used as a structure-directing agent for fabrication of mesoporous thin film containing a titanium dioxide (TiO2) layer. To control the porosity of the resultant inorganic layer, the ratio of titanium(IV) isopropoxide (TTIP) to PCZ-r-PEG copolymer was varied. The structure and porosity of the resulting mesoporous films were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analyses. Mesoporous TiO2 films fabricated on an F-doped tin oxide (FTO) surface were used as photoanodes for quasi-solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells (qssDSSCs). The highest efficiency achieved was 3.3% at 100 mW/cm2 for a film thickness of 750 nm, which is high considering the thickness of TiO2 film, indicating the importance of the structure-directing agent. PMID:25971065

  6. Liquid phase deposition of mesoporous TiO2/DNA hybrid film: Characterization and photoelectrochemical investigation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A photoelectroactive TiO2/DNA hybrid film was synthesized via the liquid phase deposition (LPD) process. Scanning electron microscopic (SEM) characterization showed that the compact TiO2 film was changed to a mesoporous structure when DNA was present in the deposition solution, which might be the result of TiO2 particles growing along the backbones of the double-helical structure of DNA molecules. Although UV absorption spectra and cyclic voltammograms indicated that the deposited TiO2 on the substrate surface was decreased in the presence of DNA, an enhanced photocurrent response was observed. The electrochemical impedance and cyclic voltammetric measurements using K3[Fe(CN)6] as a redox probe suggested that the mesoporous film provided a relatively more efficient electron transfer interface, which could improve the photoelectron transfer rate from the semiconducting film to the electrode and reduce the recombination of photoelectrons and holes. This results in an enhanced photocurrent. Even after long-term and continuous UV irradiation, the mesoporous film exhibited a promoted photoelectrochemical response. The promoted photoelectrocatalytic degradation of methylene blue was obtained on the TiO2/DNA composite film, which is consistent with the enhanced photocurrent, and this demonstrates that DNA behaved as a useful biomaterial for the synthesis of a photoelectroactive hybrid film with improved performance.

  7. Intrinsic kinetics of photocatalytic oxidation of formic and oxalic acid on immobilised TiO2 films

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    McMurray, TA; Byrne, JA; Dunlop, PSM; Winkelman, JGM; Eggins, BR; McAdams, ET

    2004-01-01

    Titanium dioxide (TiO2) photocatalysis is a possible alternative/complementary technology to conventional water treatment methods. The TiO2 catalyst may be used as slurry or it may be immobilised onto a supporting substrate. With immobilised TiO2 films mass transfer problems occur in most photocatal

  8. Immobilizing collagen type to TiO2film for improvement of biocompatibility

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiao-song JIANG; Jun-ying CHEN; Nan HUANG

    2008-01-01

    In this work, using a bio-chemical modification method, collagen type Ⅰ was immobilized on the TiO2 film surface by a silane coupling reagent of aminopropyl-triethoxysilane. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy were used to investigate the characteristics of the modified TiO2 film. The thrombus formation ability of the films was studied by in vitro platelet adhesion test. Furthermore, the bio-logical behavior of cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) onto different films was investigated by in vitro HUVECs cultured experiment. The results show that the modification can improve the biocompatibility of TiO2 film for applications of biome-dical microcoil hemangioma treatment, etc.

  9. Electrochromic multilayer films with enhanced stability based on polyoxometalate and TiO2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Electrochromic multilayer films consisting of polyoxometalate (POM) cluster K6[P2W18].14H2O (P2W18), TiO2 and polyallylamine hydrochloride (PAH) were fabricated on quartz, silicon wafer and ITO substrates by the layer-by-layer self-assembly method. The multilayer films were characterized by UV-vis spectrum, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), cyclic voltammetry (CV) and chronoamperometric (CA) and in situ spectral electrochemical measurements. The interesting feature is that the electrochromic films can increase stability due to the presence of TiO2. The multilayer films exhibit high optical contrast, suitable response time and low operation potential. TiO2 is employed to enhance stability of the electrochromic multilayer films based on POMs by the layer-by-layer method, which gives valuable information for exploring new stable electrochromic materials.

  10. Effect of ion-beam assisted deposition on the film stresses of TiO2 and SiO2 and stress control

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yu-Qiong Li; Hua-Qing Wang; Wu-Yu Wang; Zhi-Nong Yu; He-Shan Liu; Gang Jin

    2012-01-01

    Based on Hartmann-Shack sensor technique,an online thin film stress measuring system was introduced to measure the film stresses of TiO2 and SiO2,and comparison was made between the film stresses prepared respectively by the conventional process and the ion-beam assisted deposition.The effect of ion-beam assisted deposition on the film stresses of TiO2 and SiO2 was investigated in details,and the stress control methodologies using on-line adjustment and film doping were put forward.The results show that the film stress value of TiO2 prepared by ion-beam assisted deposition is 40 MPa lower than that prepared by conventional process,and the stress of TiO2 film changes gradually from tensile stress into compressive stress with increasing ion energy; while the film stress of SiO2 is a tensile stress under ion-beam assisted deposition because of the ion-beam sputtering effect,and the film refractive index decreases with increasing ion energy.A dynamic film stress control can be achieved through in-situ adjustment of the processing parameters based on the online film stress measuring technique,and the intrinsic stress of film can be effectively changed through film doping.

  11. Robust superamphiphobic film from electrospun TiO2 nanostructures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ganesh, V Anand; Dinachali, Saman Safari; Nair, A Sreekumaran; Ramakrishna, Seeram

    2013-03-13

    Rice-shaped TiO2 nanostructures are fabricated by electrospinning for creating a robust superamphiphobic coating on glass substrates. The as-fabricated TiO2 nanostructures (sintered at 500 °C) are superhydrophilic in nature which upon silanization turn into superamphiphobic surface with surface contact angle (SCA) values achieved using water (surface tension, γ = 72.1 mN/m) and hexadecane (surface tension, γ = 27.5 mN/m) being 166° and 138.5°, respectively. The contact angle hysteresis for the droplet of water and hexadecane are measured to be 2 and 12°, respectively. Thus, we have successfully fabricated superior self-cleaning coatings that possess exceptional superamphiphobic property by employing a simple, cost-effective, and scalable technique called electrospinning. Furthermore, the coating showed good mechanical and thermal stability with strong adherence to glass surface, thus revealing the potential for real applications.

  12. Calcination/acid-activation treatment of an anodic oxidation TiO2/Ti film catalyst

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YAO Zhongping; JIANG Yanli; JIANG Zhaohua; ZHU Hongkui; BAI Xuefeng

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this work was to investigate the effects of calcination/acid-activation on the composition, structure, and photocatalytic (PC) re-duction property of an anodic oxidation TiO2/Ti film catalyst. The surface morphology and phase composition were examined by scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. The catalytic property of the film catalysts was evaluated through the removal rate of potassium chromate during the PC reduction process. The results showed that the film catalysts were composed of anatase and mtile TiO2 with a mi-cro-porous surface structure. The calcination treatment increased the content of TiO2 in the film, changed the relative ratio of anatase and rutile TiO2, and decreased the size of the micro pores of the film cat.a/ysts. The removal rate of potassium chromate was related to the tech-nique parameters of calcination/acid-activation treatment. When the anodic oxidation TiO2Ti film catalyst was calcined at 873 K for 30 min and then acid-activated in the concentrated H2SO4 for 60 min, it presented the highest catalytic property, with the removal rate of potassium chromate of 96.3% during the PC reduction process under the experimental conditions.

  13. Fabrication of UV Photodetector on TiO2/Diamond Film.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Zhangcheng; Li, Fengnan; Li, Shuoye; Hu, Chao; Wang, Wei; Wang, Fei; Lin, Fang; Wang, Hongxing

    2015-09-24

    The properties of ultraviolet (UV) photodetector fabricated on TiO2/diamond film were investigated. Single crystal diamond layer was grown on high-pressure-high-temperature Ib-type diamond substrate by microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition method, upon which TiO2 film was prepared directly using radio frequency magnetron sputtering technique in Ar and O2 mixing atmosphere. Tungsten was used as electrode material to fabricate metal-semiconductor-metal UV photodetector. The dark current is measured to be 1.12 pA at 30 V. The photo response of the device displays an obvious selectivity between UV and visible light, and the UV-to-visible rejection ratio can reach 2 orders of magnitude. Compared with that directly on diamond film, photodetector on TiO2/diamond film shows higher responsivity.

  14. Dye-Sensitized Nanostructured TiO2 Film Based Photoconductor

    CERN Document Server

    Kallioinen, Jani; Paraoanu, G S; Korppi-Tommola, Jouko

    2008-01-01

    Grooves were etched in a conductive layer of a conductive, transparent glass, and a nanoporous TiO2 film was deposited on both the conductive and nonconductive area. The width of the grooves was 100 $\\mu$m and 150 $\\mu$m. A transparent TiO2 film was dye-sensitized, covered with an electrolyte, and sandwiched with a cover glass. The conductivity of the dye-sensitized TiO2 film permeated with electrolyte was studied in the dark and under illumination, and was observed to be dependent on light intensity, wavelength and applied voltage. This study shows that dye-sensitized nanoporous films can be used as a wavelength dependent photoconductor.

  15. Low-temperature atomic layer deposition of TiO2 thin layers for the processing of memristive devices

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Atomic layer deposition (ALD) represents one of the most fundamental techniques capable of satisfying the strict technological requirements imposed by the rapidly evolving electronic components industry. The actual scaling trend is rapidly leading to the fabrication of nanoscaled devices able to overcome limits of the present microelectronic technology, of which the memristor is one of the principal candidates. Since their development in 2008, TiO2 thin film memristors have been identified as the future technology for resistive random access memories because of their numerous advantages in producing dense, low power-consuming, three-dimensional memory stacks. The typical features of ALD, such as self-limiting and conformal deposition without line-of-sight requirements, are strong assets for fabricating these nanosized devices. This work focuses on the realization of memristors based on low-temperature ALD TiO2 thin films. In this process, the oxide layer was directly grown on a polymeric photoresist, thus simplifying the fabrication procedure with a direct liftoff patterning instead of a complex dry etching process. The TiO2 thin films deposited in a temperature range of 120–230 °C were characterized via Raman spectroscopy and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and electrical current–voltage measurements taken in voltage sweep mode were employed to confirm the existence of resistive switching behaviors typical of memristors. These measurements showed that these low-temperature devices exhibit an ON/OFF ratio comparable to that of a high-temperature memristor, thus exhibiting similar performances with respect to memory applications

  16. The influence of metal interlayers on the structural and optical properties of nano-crystalline TiO 2 films

    KAUST Repository

    Yang, Yong

    2012-03-01

    TiO 2-M-TiO 2 (M = W, Co and Ag) multilayer films have been deposited on glass substrates using reactive magnetron sputtering, then annealed in air for 2 h at 500°C. The structure, surface morphology and optical properties of the films have been studied using X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy and UV-vis spectroscopy. The TiO 2-W-TiO 2 and TiO 2-Co-TiO 2 films showed crystalline phases, whereas the TiO 2-Ag-TiO 2 films remained in the amorphous state. The crystallization temperature for the TiO 2-M-TiO 2 films decreased significantly compared with pure TiO 2 film deposited on quartz. Detailed analysis of the Raman spectra suggested that the crystallization of TiO 2-M-TiO 2 films was associated with the large structural deformation imposed by the oxidation of intermediate metal layers. Moreover, the optical band gap of the films narrowed due to the appearance of impurity levels as the metal ions migrated into the TiO 2 matrix. These results indicate that the insertion of intermediate metal layers provides a feasible access to improve the structural and optical properties of anatase TiO 2 films, leading to promising applications in the field of photocatalysis. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  17. Hydrophilic property of SiO2/TiO2 double layer films

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The hydrophilicity of the SiO2(top)/TiO2(under) double layer films prepared by vacuum evaporation was investigated. The as-deposited SiO2/TiO2 double layer films showed very good hydrophilicity (water contact angle: ∼0o). Their hydrophilicity, however, is deteriorated by the organic contamination adsorbed on the film but the hydrophilicity can be recovered by UV light irradiation. TOF-SIMS (time-of-flight secondary-ion-mass-spectrometry) measurements revealed that the amount of organic compounds adsorbed on the films decreased with the UV light irradiation. Secondarily, the amount of both Si-OH and Ti-OH groups changed little by the UV light irradiation. Thus, it can be concluded that the hydrophilicity of the SiO2/TiO2 double layer films is due to the stable Si-OH groups and the photo-catalytic TiO2 underlayer maintains the hydrophilicity of the double layer films by decomposing organic contaminants on the film surface. This SiO2/TiO2 double layer film has been in practical use for the automobiles' exterior rear view mirrors

  18. Inkjet printed highly porous TiO2 films for improved electrical properties of photoanode.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernacka-Wojcik, I; Wojcik, P J; Aguas, H; Fortunato, E; Martins, R

    2016-03-01

    The aim of presented work is to show the improvements obtained in the properties of TiO2 films for dye sensitized solar cells fabricated by inkjet printing using an innovative methodology. We describe the development and properties of TiO2-based inks used in a lab-scale printer, testing various commercial TiO2 pastes. The porosity of the deposited inkjet printed TiO2 films is much higher than using the conventional "doctor blade" deposition technique, as the ink solvent evaporates during the droplet fly from the nozzle to the substrate due to its picoliter volume and the applied heating of a printing stage (70°C). Thanks to higher surface area, the dye sensitized solar cells incorporating inkjet printed TiO2 film gave higher efficiencies (ηmax≈3.06%) than the more compact films obtained by the "doctor blade" method (ηmax≈2.56%). Furthermore, electrochemical analysis indicates that for whole tested thickness range, the inkjet printed layers have higher effective electron diffusion length indicating their better transport properties.

  19. Influence of titanium precursor on the photocatalytic properties of TiO2 sprayed films under visible light

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blaskov, V.; Shipochka, M.; Stambolova, I.; Vassilev, S.; Eliyas, A.; Stefanov, P.; Loukanov, A.

    2012-12-01

    Thin nano-sized TiO2 films were deposited on aluminum foil substrates by the spray pyrolysis method, using Ti(i-OPr)4 (TIP) and TiCl4 (TC) as precursors. The films were characterized by means of X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS). According to the XRD patterns the as-deposited films appear to be amorphous. The thermal treatment at 400°C leads to the formation of anatase nano-crystallites. The XPS analyses showed that the Ti2p broad photoelectron peak of as-deposited TC films indicated a mixture of Ti3+ and Ti4+ oxidation states. After treatment at 400°C the Ti2p peak displays only Ti4+ oxidation state for both TIP and TC films. The number of hydroxyl groups on the surface is decreased after the thermal treatment. The photocatalytic activity of the films was studied towards degradation of azo dye Reactive Black 5 (RB5) as model wastewater pollutant under visible light illumination. It was found out that the films obtained from TC were more active than those obtained from TIP films. The thermally treated samples are better photocatalysts than those non-treated, because they posses anatase crystalline phase and stoichiometric TiO2. The TOC measurements showed minimal concentration of total organic carbon in the dye solution after 180 min of visible light irradiation.

  20. Synthesis of TiO2-doped SiO2 composite films and its applications

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Xiaojun Zhang; Huagui Zheng

    2008-10-01

    The TiO2-doped SiO2 composite films were prepared by two-step sol–gel method and then it was applied in the degradation of methylene red (MR) as photocatalysts. In XRD, FT–IR, and TEM investigations of these TiO2-doped SiO2 composite films, the titanium oxide species are highly dispersed in the SiO2 matrixes and exist in a tetrahedral form. And special attention has been focused on the relationship between the local structure of the titanium oxide species in the TiO2-doped SiO2 composite films and the photocatalytic reactivity in order to provide vital information for the design and application of such highly efficient photocatalytic systems in the degradation of toxic compounds diluted in a liquid phase.

  1. 基于固定相二氧化钛薄膜的新型多重石英管分布式光催化反应器及其水处理应用%A Novel Multi-Tube Photoreactor with UV Light and Immobilized TiO2 Thin Film for Water Treatment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢一兵; 沈讯伟; 袁春伟

    2003-01-01

    A novel multi-tube photoreactor with 0.0188 m3 valid reaction volume was constructed in pilot-scale.This rectangular reactor consisted of 13 regularly distributed silica glass tubes coating with TiO2 thin film photo-catalyst. Total active area of TiO2 thin film is 0.3916m2. The ratio of surface area to volume achieves 20.8m-1.Photocatalytic experiment of phenol red demonstrates that the apparent reaction rate constant (k) is 0.074 65 h-1and 0.165 02 h-1 for reaction system with and without micro-bubbles mixing. The corresponding apparent quantumefficiency (φa) is 8.1771 × 10-7 g.J-1 and 4.9036 × 10-7 g.J-1, respectively. COD value of reactant could decreaseto 17 mg.L-1 and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) only shows two absorption peaks in 24 h pho-tocatalytic process time, so this photoreactor has good photomineralization effect. Experimental results reveal thatphotocatalytic destruction of organics is possible by using the multi-tube photoreactor.

  2. Effect of substrate type, dopant and thermal treatment on physicochemical properties of TiO2–SnO2 sol–gel films

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    I Stambolova; V Blaskov; S Vassilev; M Shipochka; A Loukanov

    2012-08-01

    Thin nanocrystalline TiO2–SnO2 films (0–50 mol% SnO2) were prepared on quartz and stainless steel substrates by sol–gel coating method. The obtained films were investigated by XRD, Raman spectroscopy and XPS. The size of the nanocrystallites was determined by XRD–LB measurements. We ascertained that the increase of treatment temperature and concentration of SnO2 in the films favour the crystallization of rutile phase. The substrate type influences more substantially the phase composition of the TiO2–SnO2 films. It was established that a penetration of elements took place fromthe substrate into the films. TiO2 films deposited on quartz substrate include a Si which stabilizes anatase phase up to 600 °C. The films which are deposited on stainless steel substrate and treated at 700 °C show the presence of significant quantity of rutile phase. This phenomenon could be explained by the combined effect of Sn dopant as well as Fe and Cr, which also are penetrated in the films from the steel substrate. The titania films doped up to 10 mol% SnO2 on stainless steel possess only 12–17 nm anatase crystallites, whereas the TiO2–(10–50 mol%) SnO2 films contain very fine grain rutile phase (4 nm).

  3. Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting of Nitrogen and Hydrogen Treated P25 TiO2 Films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zavodivker, Liat S.

    Photoelectrochemical data is reported for P25 TiO2 films deposited as a pristine film on FTO. The pristine P25 films show a photocurrent of 0.06 mA/cm2 and an onset potential of -0.5 V vs. Ag/AgCl. After TiCl4 Treatment to form a compact TiO 2 layer on the bottom and the surface layer, the TiCl4 sandwich films have a photocurrent of 0.19 mA/cm2 and an onset potential of -0.8 V. We have also investigated the effects of hydrogen treatment, ammonia treatment, and the combination of hydrogen treatment followed by ammonia treatment (co-treatment) on the photocurrent, the incident photon-to-current efficiency (IPCE), and the electron donor density of the P25 TiCl4 sandwich films. Treating the P25 films had almost no effect on the size and d-spacing of the particles, but EPR evidence, as well as color change, indicated the formation of N 2p nitrogen sites and oxygen vacancies (VO) for each film treatment. I-V data for the treated TiCl4 sandwich films show an increase in photocurrent from 0.19 mA/cm2 for the pristine P25 TiO2 film to 0.4 mA/cm 2 for the co-treated TiO2 film compared to 0.23 mA/cm 2 for hydrogen treatment and 0.25 mA/cm2 for ammonia treatment. For the P25 treated films, there is negligible increase of UV absorption in the visible for the singly treated films as well as the co-treated films. However, the improved photocurrent for the ammonia treated, hydrogen treated, and co-treated films may be explained by increased donor density. Mott-Schottky plots are used to characterize donor density, showing that the co-treated P25 TiCl4 sandwich films have an increased donor density over the nitrogen-treated P25 TiO2 and pristine P25 TiO2 films. The improved donor density of the treated P25 films over the untreated films may prove to be useful when completing future dye or semiconducting quantum dot sensitization experiments.

  4. Application of beam irradiation in preparation of visible light responsive TiO2 Films

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HOU Xinggang; LIU Andong

    2007-01-01

    TiO2 films were prepared by sol-gel method.In order to improve the utilization of light, the technologiesof implantation of transition metal ions (V+ and Cr+) and electron beam irradiation to deposit noble metal particles (Ag and Pt) were used. A red shift was found in the spectrum of modified TiO2 films. The photocatalytic experiments showed that the photocatalytic ability under visible light irradiation could be improved dramatically by both the implantation of transition metal and the electron beam irradiation.

  5. Modification of physicochemical and thermal properties of starch films by incorporation of TiO2 nanoparticles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oleyaei, Seyed Amir; Zahedi, Younes; Ghanbarzadeh, Babak; Moayedi, Ali Akbar

    2016-08-01

    In this research, potato starch and TiO2 nanoparticles (0.5, 1 and 2wt%) films were developed. Influences of different concentrations of TiO2 on the functional properties of nanocomposite films (water-related properties, mechanical characteristics, and UV transmittance) were investigated. XRD, FTIR, and DSC analyses were used to characterize the morphology and thermal properties of the films. The results revealed that TiO2 nanoparticles dramatically decreased the values of water-related properties (water vapor permeability: 11-34%; water solubility: 1.88-9.26%; moisture uptake: 2.15-11.18%). Incorporation of TiO2 led to a slight increment of contact angle and tensile strength, and a decrease in elongation at break of the films. TiO2 successfully blocked more than 90% of UV light, while opacity and white index of the films were enhanced. Glass transition temperature and melting point of the films were positively affected by the addition of TiO2 nanoparticles. The result of XRD study exhibited that due to a limited agglomeration of TiO2 nanoparticles, the mean crystal size of TiO2 increased. Formation of new hydrogen bonds between the hydroxyl groups of starch and nanoparticles was confirmed by FTIR spectroscopy. In conclusion, TiO2 nanoparticles improved the functional properties of potato starch film and extended the potential for food packaging applications. PMID:27132884

  6. Optical, electrical and dielectric properties of TiO 2-SiO 2 films prepared by a cost effective sol-gel process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vishwas, M.; Rao, K. Narasimha; Gowda, K. V. Arjuna; Chakradhar, R. P. S.

    2011-12-01

    Titanium dioxide (TiO 2) and silicon dioxide (SiO 2) thin films and their mixed films were synthesized by the sol-gel spin coating method using titanium tetra isopropoxide (TTIP) and tetra ethyl ortho silicate (TEOS) as the precursor materials for TiO 2 and SiO 2 respectively. The pure and composite films of TiO 2 and SiO 2 were deposited on glass and silicon substrates. The optical properties were studied for different compositions of TiO 2 and SiO 2 sols and the refractive index and optical band gap energies were estimated. MOS capacitors were fabricated using TiO 2 films on p-silicon (1 0 0) substrates. The current-voltage ( I- V) and capacitance-voltage ( C- V) characteristics were studied and the electrical resistivity and dielectric constant were estimated for the films annealed at 200 °C for their possible use in optoelectronic applications.

  7. Visible light active TiO2 films prepared by electron beam deposition of noble metals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    TiO2 films prepared by sol-gel method were modified by electron beam deposition of noble metals (Pt, Pd, and Ag). Effects of noble metals on the chemical and surface characteristics of the films were studied using XPS, TEM and UV-Vis spectroscopy techniques. Photocatalytic activity of modified TiO2 films was evaluated by studying the degradation of methyl orange dye solution under visible light UV irradiation. The result of TEM reveals that most of the surface area of TiO2 is covered by tiny particles of noble metals with diameter less than 1 nm. Broad red shift of UV-Visible absorption band of modified photocatalysts was observed. The catalytic degradation of methyl orange in aqueous solutions under visible light illumination demonstrates a significant enhancement of photocatalytic activity of these films compared with the un-loaded films. The photocatalytic efficiency of modified TiO2 films by this method is affected by the concentration of impregnating solution.

  8. Visible light active TiO 2 films prepared by electron beam deposition of noble metals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hou, Xing-Gang; Ma, Jun; Liu, An-Dong; Li, De-Jun; Huang, Mei-Dong; Deng, Xiang-Yun

    2010-03-01

    TiO 2 films prepared by sol-gel method were modified by electron beam deposition of noble metals (Pt, Pd, and Ag). Effects of noble metals on the chemical and surface characteristics of the films were studied using XPS, TEM and UV-Vis spectroscopy techniques. Photocatalytic activity of modified TiO 2 films was evaluated by studying the degradation of methyl orange dye solution under visible light UV irradiation. The result of TEM reveals that most of the surface area of TiO 2 is covered by tiny particles of noble metals with diameter less than 1 nm. Broad red shift of UV-Visible absorption band of modified photocatalysts was observed. The catalytic degradation of methyl orange in aqueous solutions under visible light illumination demonstrates a significant enhancement of photocatalytic activity of these films compared with the un-loaded films. The photocatalytic efficiency of modified TiO 2 films by this method is affected by the concentration of impregnating solution.

  9. Effect of Annealing Time Process on the pH Sensitivity of Spin-coated TiO2/ ZnO Bilayer Film

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahman, R. A.; Zulkefle, M. A.; Yusof, K. A.; Abdullah, W. F. H.; Rusop, M.; Herman, S. H.

    2015-11-01

    This paper presents an investigation on titanium dioxide (TiO2) and zinc oxide (ZnO) bilayer film, which is used as sensing membrane for extended-gate field effect transistor (EGFET) for pH sensing application. TiO2/ZnO thin films were deposited using sol-gel spin coating method on indium tin oxide (ITO) substrates. After the deposition, the bilayer films were annealed at constant temperatures which is 400 °C for 15, 30, 40 and 60 minutes. The sensitivity of the TiO2 thin film towards pH buffer solution was measured by dipping the sensing membrane in pH4, pH7 and pH10 buffer solution. By varying the annealing time, we found that the TiO2/ZnO thin film annealed at 400°C for 15 minutes gave the highest sensitivity compared to other annealing conditions, with the value of 64.87 mV/pH.

  10. Enhancement of optical absorption by modulation of the oxygen flow of TiO2 films deposited by reactive sputtering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira, André L. J.; Lisboa Filho, Paulo N.; Acuña, Javier; Brandt, Iuri S.; Pasa, André A.; Zanatta, Antonio R.; Vilcarromero, Johnny; Beltrán, Armando; Dias da Silva, José H.

    2012-06-01

    Oxygen-deficient TiO2 films with enhanced visible and near-infrared optical absorption have been deposited by reactive sputtering using a planar diode radio frequency magnetron configuration. It is observed that the increase in the absorption coefficient is more effective when the O2 gas supply is periodically interrupted rather than by a decrease of the partial O2 gas pressure in the deposition plasma. The optical absorption coefficient at 1.5 eV increases from about 1 × 102 cm-1 to more than 4 × 103 cm-1 as a result of the gas flow discontinuity. A red-shift of ˜0.24 eV in the optical absorption edge is also observed. High resolution transmission electron microscopy with composition analysis shows that the films present a dense columnar morphology, with estimated mean column width of 40 nm. Moreover, the interruptions of the O2 gas flow do not produce detectable variations in the film composition along its growing direction. X-ray diffraction and micro-Raman experiments indicate the presence of the TiO2 anatase, rutile, and brookite phases. The anatase phase is dominant, with a slight increment of the rutile and brookite phases in films deposited under discontinued O2 gas flow. The increase of optical absorption in the visible and near-infrared regions has been attributed to a high density of defects in the TiO2 films, which is consistent with density functional theory calculations that place oxygen-related vacancy states in the upper third of the optical bandgap. The electronic structure calculation results, along with the adopted deposition method and experimental data, have been used to propose a mechanism to explain the formation of the observed oxygen-related defects in TiO2 thin films. The observed increase in sub-bandgap absorption and the modeling of the corresponding changes in the electronic structure are potentially useful concerning the optimization of efficiency of the photocatalytic activity and the magnetic doping of TiO2 films.

  11. Corrosion Behavior of Anodic Oxidized TiO2 Film in Seawater

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Min; WANG Wei; HE Benlin; SUN Mingliang; YIN Yansheng; LIU Lan; ZOU Wuyuan; XU Xuefei

    2010-01-01

    TiO2 films were formed on metallic titanium substrates by the anodic oxidation method in H2SO4 solution under the 80V D.C..Phase component and microstructure were characterized by X-ray diffraction(XRD)and scanning electron microscopy(SEM).Water contact angles on titanium oxide film surface were measured under both dark and sunlight illumination conditions.Corrosion tests were carried out in seawater under different illumination conditions by electrochemistry impedance spectrum(EIS)and polarization curves.The result showed that the TiO2 film prepared by the anodic oxidation method was anatase with a uniform structure and without obvious pores or cracks on its surface.The average water contact angle of the film was 116.4 ° in dark,in contrast to an angle of 42.7 ° under the UV illumination for 2 hours,which demonstrates good hydrophobic property.The anti-corrosion behavior of the TiO2 film was declining with the extended immersion time.Under dark conditions,however,the hydrophobic TiO2 film retarded the water infiltrating into the substrate.The impedance changed slowly and the corrosion current density was 2 orders of magnitude lower than that with the film illuminated by sunlight.All of those mentioned above indicate that the TiO2 film possesses much better performance under dark condition,and it can be applied as an engineering material under dark seawater environment.

  12. Synthesis, Characterization and Photocatalytic Activity of TiO2 Film/Bi2O3 Microgrid Heterojunction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liugang Wang; Junying Zhang; Chunzhi Li; Hailing Zhu; Wenwen Wang; Tianmin Wang

    2011-01-01

    TiO2 film modified by Bi2O3 microgrid array was successfully fabricated by using a microsphere lithography method. The structure and morphology of TiO2 film, Bi2O3 film and TiO2 film/Bi2O3 microgrid heterojunction were characterized through X-ray diffraction, atomic force microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The optical transmittance spectra and the photocatalytic degradation capacity of these samples to rhodamine B were determined via ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy. The results indicated that the coupled system showed higher photocatalytic activity than pure TiO2 and Bi2O3 films under xenon lamp irradiation. The enhancement of the photocatalytic activity was ascribed to the special structure, which could improve the separation of photo-generated electrons and holes, enlarge the surface area and extend the response range of TiO2 film from ultraviolet to visible region.

  13. Photocatalytic activity and reusability study of nanocrystalline TiO2 films prepared by sputtering technique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrocas, B.; Monteiro, O. C.; Jorge, M. E. Melo; Sério, S.

    2013-01-01

    The photocatalytic activity of nanocrystalline titanium dioxide (TiO2) films deposited on unheated glass substrates by DC reactive magnetron sputtering at different oxygen partial pressures was tested on the decolorization of Rhodamine 6G (Rh6G) aqueous solutions. The dye photodecolorization process was studied considering the influence of the crystallinity and preferred orientation of growth of the prepared films. It was found that the higher photocatalytic activity was achieved by the film with preferred orientation of growth along the (1 0 1) crystal direction and showing a vestigial rutile phase in a mainly anatase phase. The recycling catalytic ability of the TiO2 films was also evaluated and a promising photocatalytic performance has been revealed with a very low variation of the decay rate after five consecutive usages. Structural and morphological characterization revealed high photochemical stability of the films after successive photodegradations assays.

  14. Photocatalytic sterilization of TiO2 films coated on Al fiber

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Photocatalytic TiO2 films were coated on Al fiber by sol-gel dip-coating method, and then annealed. The crystal structure and morphology of the films were performed by XRD, TEM and SEM. Photocatalytic sterilization of the films was investigated in O2 atmosphere through purifying the aqueous solution with facultative aerobe (Bacillus cereus), aerobe (Pseudomonas aeruginosa) and anaerobe (Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis and Escherichia coli). In the presence of O2, it benefits to generate O2·- and ·OH at the first stage of the photocatalytic reaction, while the excess O2 restrains the anaerobe from reproducing and accelerates the reproducing for the aerobe at the second stage of reaction. As a result, it was found that the crystal of TiO2 films is anatase phase and the films have excellent sterilization effect against facultative aerobe and anaerobe. Nevertheless, it only decreased the bioactivity against aerobe in a short time

  15. Effect of Oxygen Partial Pressure on the Electrical and Optical Properties of DC Magnetron Sputtered Amorphous TiO2 Films

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Chandra Sekhar

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Titanium dioxide (TiO2 thin films were deposited on p-Si (100 and Corning glass substrates held at room temperature by DC magnetron sputtering at different oxygen partial pressures in the range 9 × 10−3–9 × 10−2 Pa. The influence of oxygen partial pressure on the structural, electrical, and optical properties of the deposited films was systematically studied. XPS studies confirmed that the film formed at an oxygen partial pressure of 6×10−2 Pa was nearly stoichiometric. TiO2 films formed at all oxygen partial pressures were X-ray amorphous. The optical transmittance gradually increased and the absorption edge shifted towards shorter wavelengths with the increase of oxygen partial pressure. Thin film capacitors with configuration of Al/TiO2/p-Si have been fabricated. The results showed that the leakage current density of films formed decreased with the increase of oxygen partial pressure to 6×10−2 Pa owing to the decrease in the oxygen defects in the films thereafter it was increased. The current transport mechanism in the TiO2 thin films is shown to be Schottky effect and Fowler-Nordheim tunnelling currents.

  16. Photodegradation of Azo-dye by Y2O3/TiO2 Loaded on Carboxymethyl Cellulose Films

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HE Xiao-yun; CHEN Ri-yao; ZHENG Xi; CHEN Zhen

    2005-01-01

    Nanosize TiO2, Y2 O3/TiO2 particles were prepared by the sol-gel process. The structure was characterized by means of XRD,TEM. The photoelectric properties of the nanoparticles were studied by PL.The thickness and the surface of the carboxymethyl cellulose film was measured by SEM. Based on a model reaction, the photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue with positive charge was investigated in TiO2,Y2O3/TiO2 nanopowder composite films irradiated by UV lamp. The results revealed that the degradation process belonged to the first-order kinetic reaction.

  17. Variations in the structural, optical and electrochemical properties of CeO2-TiO2 films as a function of TiO2 content

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alcohol based sols of cerium chloride (CeCl3.7H2O) and titanium propoxide (Ti(OPr)4) in ethanol mixed in different mole ratios have yielded mixed oxide films on densification at 500 deg. C. The reversibility of the intercalation/deintercalation reactions has shown electrochemical stability of the films. Addition of TiO2 in an equivalent mole ratio manifests in producing highly transparent films with appreciable ion storage capacity. The electrochemical studies have revealed the significant role of TiO2 in controlling the ion storage capacity of the films, as it tends to induce the disorder. In addition, the films prepared from an aged sol are observed to exhibit a much higher ion storage capacity than the films deposited using the as-prepared sol. The X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic studies have provided information on the variation of Ce4+/Ce3+ ratio as a function of increased TiO2 content in the films. This study has led to a better understanding of the increased ion storage capacity with the increased TiO2 proportion. The transmission electron microscopic study has demonstrated the presence of CeO2 nanograins even in films, which are amorphous to X-rays. Elucidation of the structural, optical and electrochemical features of the films has yielded information on aspects relevant to their usage in transmissive electrochromic devices. The films have been found to exhibit properties that can find application as counter electrode in electrochromic smart windows in which they are able to retain their transparency under charge insertion, high enough for practical uses. Also, the fastest coloration-bleaching kinetics for the primary electrochromic electrode (WO3) working in combination with Ce/Ti (1:1) electrode stimulates the use of latter in electrochromic windows (ECWs)

  18. Variations in the structural, optical and electrochemical properties of CeO 2-TiO 2 films as a function of TiO 2 content

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verma, Amita; Joshi, Amish G.; Bakhshi, A. K.; Shivaprasad, S. M.; Agnihotry, S. A.

    2006-05-01

    Alcohol based sols of cerium chloride (CeCl 3·7H 2O) and titanium propoxide (Ti(OPr) 4) in ethanol mixed in different mole ratios have yielded mixed oxide films on densification at 500 °C. The reversibility of the intercalation/deintercalation reactions has shown electrochemical stability of the films. Addition of TiO 2 in an equivalent mole ratio manifests in producing highly transparent films with appreciable ion storage capacity. The electrochemical studies have revealed the significant role of TiO 2 in controlling the ion storage capacity of the films, as it tends to induce the disorder. In addition, the films prepared from an aged sol are observed to exhibit a much higher ion storage capacity than the films deposited using the as-prepared sol. The X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic studies have provided information on the variation of Ce 4+/Ce 3+ ratio as a function of increased TiO 2 content in the films. This study has led to a better understanding of the increased ion storage capacity with the increased TiO 2 proportion. The transmission electron microscopic study has demonstrated the presence of CeO 2 nanograins even in films, which are amorphous to X-rays. Elucidation of the structural, optical and electrochemical features of the films has yielded information on aspects relevant to their usage in transmissive electrochromic devices. The films have been found to exhibit properties that can find application as counter electrode in electrochromic smart windows in which they are able to retain their transparency under charge insertion, high enough for practical uses. Also, the fastest coloration-bleaching kinetics for the primary electrochromic electrode (WO 3) working in combination with Ce/Ti (1:1) electrode stimulates the use of latter in electrochromic windows (ECWs).

  19. 铁元素掺杂T iO2纳米晶薄膜结构和光学性质研究%Nanocrystalline Structure and Optics Properties of TiO2 Thin Film Doped with Iron

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    莫苗; 谭彩银; 吴凡; 陈知智; 孙振范

    2014-01-01

    Iron(1%)-doped TiO2 nano-sol was prepared by reverse micelles. Iron doped-TiO2(Fe-TiO2)nanometer thin films under different conditions were formed by dip-coating on a clean glass substrates, and iron doped TiO2 nano crystalline were made from aged iron doped TiO2 gel by heating under 500℃and 700℃. By analyzing the UV-visible spectroscopy and SEM images of the films ,we can find that the particle diameter of TiO2 nano crystalline under 700℃heat treatment is bigger than that under 500℃heat treatment, and different coating numbers had certain effect on the size and accumulation of TiO2 nano grain;With the increase of film coatings, the UV-visible absorption spectrum of Fe-doped TiO2 nano-films appear ob-vious red shift, and absorbance also increased greatly.%通过反胶束法制备掺铁(1%)的TiO2纳米溶胶,用浸渍提拉法在洁净的玻璃基底上形成不同条件下铁掺杂的TiO2(Fe-TiO2)纳米薄膜,分别在500℃和700℃温度下对陈化干燥的铁掺杂的TiO2凝胶进行热处理,得到不同粒径和不同堆积的铁掺杂TiO2纳米晶体。将不同制备条件下得到的(Fe-TiO2)纳米膜进行UV-可见光谱、SEM图像进行研究。实验表明:经过700℃热处理的铁掺杂的TiO2纳米晶粒比500℃铁掺杂的TiO2纳米晶粒大,且薄膜不同涂覆次数对TiO2纳米晶粒的大小与堆积均产生一定的影响;随着膜涂覆层数的增加,掺Fe-TiO2纳米薄膜的紫外可见吸收光谱出现明显红移,吸光度也大大增加。

  20. Nanometer-thin TiO2 enhances skeletal muscle cell phenotype and behavior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ishizaki K

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Ken Ishizaki*, Yoshihiko Sugita*, Fuminori Iwasa, Hajime Minamikawa, Takeshi Ueno, Masahiro Yamada, Takeo Suzuki, Takahiro OgawaLaboratory for Bone and Implant Sciences, The Jane and Jerry Weintraub Center for Reconstructive Biotechnology, Division of Advanced Prosthodontics, Biomaterials and Hospital Dentistry, UCLA School of Dentistry, Los Angeles, CA, USA*Authors contributed equally to this workBackground: The independent role of the surface chemistry of titanium in determining its biological properties is yet to be determined. Although titanium implants are often in contact with muscle tissue, the interaction of muscle cells with titanium is largely unknown. This study tested the hypotheses that the surface chemistry of clinically established microroughened titanium surfaces could be controllably varied by coating with a minimally thin layer of TiO2 (ideally pico-to-nanometer in thickness without altering the existing topographical and roughness features, and that the change in superficial chemistry of titanium is effective in improving the biological properties of titanium.Methods and results: Acid-etched microroughened titanium surfaces were coated with TiO2 using slow-rate sputter deposition of molten TiO2 nanoparticles. A TiO2 coating of 300 pm to 6.3 nm increased the surface oxygen on the titanium substrates in a controllable manner, but did not alter the existing microscale architecture and roughness of the substrates. Cells derived from rat skeletal muscles showed increased attachment, spread, adhesion strength, proliferation, gene expression, and collagen production at the initial and early stage of culture on 6.3 nm thick TiO2-coated microroughened titanium surfaces compared with uncoated titanium surfaces.Conclusion: Using an exemplary slow-rate sputter deposition technique of molten TiO2 nanoparticles, this study demonstrated that titanium substrates, even with microscale roughness, can be sufficiently chemically modified to

  1. Nanostructured Fe2O3/TiO2 thick films prepared by screen printing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Obrad S. Aleksic

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Nanostructured single layered (pure TiO2, pure α-Fe2O3 and mixed Fe2O3/TiO2 with two different oxide ratios, 2 : 3 and 3 : 2 and double layered (TiO2 layer over a Fe2O3 layer thick films have been fabricated by screen printing technology on a glass substrate. The pastes used for film preparation were obtained by adding an organic vehicle to the oxide powders together with a small percentage of binding glass frit. Samples were dried up to 100 °C and sintered at 650 °C/60 minutes. Structural, morphological and optical studies have been carried out using XRD, SEM analyses and UV/Vis spectroscopy. The prepared pure and mixed Fe2O3/TiO2 thick films had a homogenous nanostructure without secondary phases. Indirect band gaps were determined from the measured transmission spectra and the obtained values are in the range of literature data.

  2. Photocatalysts of Cr Doped TiO2 Film Prepared by Micro Arc Oxidation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Wan; Jian-feng Li; Jia-you Feng; Wei Sun; Zong-qiang Mao

    2008-01-01

    A series of Cr doped TiO2 films were prepared by micro arc oxidation (MAO) using an electrolyte of Na3PO4+K2Cr2O7. X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy revealed that the films mainly consisted of anatase phase with a porous surface morphology. The films have an excellent photocatalytic effect for degradation of methylene blue and decomposition of water under visible light illumination. This arises from the formation of Cr3+/Cr4+ and oxygen vacancy energy levels owing to Cr doping. The former reduces the electron-hole recombination chance, while the latter generates a new gap between the conduction band (CB) and valence band (VB) of TiO2, which lowers the photo energy of the excited electron in the VB to the oxygen vacancy states. The mechanisms for film synthesis during the MAO process are also presented.

  3. 前驱体浓度对纳米TiO2薄膜生长及光激发特性的影响%Effect of Reaction Parameters on Growth and Absorption Excitation Characteristics of Nanometer TiO2 Thin Films

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梅景红

    2013-01-01

    Use Ti (SO4)2 as the raw material and anhydrous sodium carbonate (Na2CO3) as the additive, TiO2 thin films are prepared by using the method of hydrothermal synthesis on the substrate of titanium successfully.The law of concentrations effect on the growth characteristics of titanium dioxide thin film、the crystallization and phase composition has been studied systematically by using the method of X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), the dynamics mechanism has been analyzed;The excitation characteristics of prepared TiO2 thin films has been studied by using photoluminescence spectroscopy (PL), and the laws of effect has been theoretical explained through the micro-mechanism.%  以Ti (SO4)2为原料,无水碳酸钠(Na2CO3)为添加剂,采用水热合成法在钛合金基底上成功制备了锐钛矿相的纳米TiO2薄膜。利用X射线衍射(XRD)、扫描电子显微镜(SEM)等测试手段系统的研究了前驱体浓度对纳米TiO2薄膜生长特性、结晶特性和相组成的影响规律;利用光致激发光谱(PL)研究了所制备TiO2薄膜的光激发特性,并通过微观机制对其影响规律进行了理论解释。

  4. Influência do tipo de ácido e tempo de envelhecimento na atividade fotocatalítica de filmes finos de TiO2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liana Key Okada Nakamura

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available TiO2 thin films were prepared by the sol-gel method using different acids (HCl and HAc, with a parallel evaluation of the gel ageing effects on the film properties. After the thermal treatments, the resulting materials were characterized through gravimetric analysis, UV-VIS spectrophotometry (from which optical parameters such as band gap was derived, XRD, morphological surface analysis (AFM and photocatalytic activity. The majority of the obtained thin films parameters were similar independent of the acid type and the ageing time of the gel. Nevertheless, a visible effect of the surface morphology properties on the films and their photocatalytic activity was observed.

  5. Contribution of thickness dependent void fraction and TiSi{sub x}O{sub y} interlayer to the optical properties of amorphous TiO2 thin films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Fan; Zhang, Rong-Jun, E-mail: rjzhang@fudan.edu.cn; Zheng, Yu-Xiang, E-mail: yxzheng@fudan.edu.cn; Xu, Zi-Jie; Zhang, Dong-Xu; Wang, Zi-Yi; Yu, Xiang; Chen, Liang-Yao

    2013-12-02

    The optical properties of TiO{sub 2} thin films prepared by electron beam evaporation were studied by spectroscopic ellipsometry and analyzed quantitatively using effective medium approximation theory and an effective series capacitance model. The refractive indices of TiO{sub 2} are essentially constant and approach to those of bulk TiO{sub 2} for films thicker than 40 nm, but drop sharply with a decrease in thickness from 40 to 5.5 nm. This phenomenon can be interpreted quantitatively by the thickness dependence of the void fraction and interfacial oxide region. The optical band gaps calculated from Tauc law increase with an increase of film thickness, and can be attributed to the contribution of disorder effect. - Highlights: • Amorphous TiO{sub 2} thin films fabricated on Si substrate by electron beam evaporation • The refractive index and band gap are obtained from spectroscopic ellipsometry. • The refractive index decreases with decreasing film thickness. • Effective medium approximation theory and effective series capacitance model introduced • A band gap increases gradually with an increase in film thickness.

  6. Characteristics of TiO2/ZnO bilayer film towards pH sensitivity prepared by different spin coating deposition process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahman, Rohanieza Abdul; Zulkefle, Muhammad Al Hadi; Abdullah, Wan Fazlida Hanim; Rusop, M.; Herman, Sukreen Hana

    2016-07-01

    In this study, titanium dioxide (TiO2) and zinc oxide (ZnO) bilayer film for pH sensing application will be presented. TiO2/ZnO bilayer film with different speed of spin-coating process was deposited on Indium Tin Oxide (ITO), prepared by sol-gel method. This fabricated bilayer film was used as sensing membrane for Extended Gate Field-Effect Transistor (EGFET) for pH sensing application. Experimental results indicated that the sensor is able to detect the sensitivity towards pH buffer solution. In order to obtained the result, sensitivity measurement was done by using the EGFET setup equipment with constant-current (100 µA) and constant-voltage (0.3 V) biasing interfacing circuit. TiO2/ZnO bilayer film which the working electrode, act as the pH-sensitive membrane was connected to a commercial metal-oxide semiconductor FET (MOSFET). This MOSFET then was connected to the interfacing circuit. The sensitivity of the TiO2 thin film towards pH buffer solution was measured by dipping the sensing membrane in pH4, pH7 and pH10 buffer solution. These thin films were characterized by using Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FESEM) to obtain the surface morphology of the composite bilayer films. In addition, I-V measurement was done in order to determine the electrical properties of the bilayer films. According to the result obtained in this experiment, bilayer film that spin at 4000 rpm, gave highest sensitivity which is 52.1 mV/pH. Relating the I-V characteristic of the thin films and sensitivity, the sensing membrane with higher conductivity gave better sensitivity.

  7. Laser synthesis of hierarchically organized nanostructured TiO2 films on microfibrous carbon paper substrate: Characterization and electrocatalyst supporting properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Youling; Tabet-Aoul, Amel; Mohamedi, Mohamed

    2015-12-01

    Titanium dioxide is cheap, non-toxic, exhibits a high mechanical resistance, very stable in acidic and oxidative environments is being studied as alternative to carbon as catalyst support in low-temperature fuel cells. Herein, via pulsed laser deposition, various morphologies of TiO2 thin films are synthesized at room temperature onto conductive microfibrous carbon paper substrate, which is the type of substrate, employed in energy storage and conversion devices. TiO2 films deposited under vacuum and in the presence of mild pressure of oxygen are very smooth and dense. Instead, TiO2 films deposited in the presence of helium atmosphere are of porous structures and vertically aligned. An increase in the helium pressure leads to the formation of forest-like vertically aligned nanostructures. Micro-Raman spectroscopy reveals that the films are amorphous and of rutile phase. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy shows that Ti is in fully oxidized state of Ti4+. The electrocatalytic supporting properties to Pt are investigated in H2SO4 and O2-saturated H2SO4 solution. It is found that regardless of the film morphology, all the synthesized TiO2 films dramatically increase the electroactive surface area of Pt and enhance its electroactivity towards oxygen reduction reaction as compared with bare Pt electrode.

  8. Visible-light photocatalytic properties of Mo-C codoped anatase TiO2 films prepared by magnetron sputtering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhe-Peng, Zhang; Biao, Yu; Hai-Bo, Fan; Xin-Liang, Zheng; He-Bao, Yao

    2015-12-01

    A range of different contents of Mo-C codoped TiO2 films were sputtered by using home-made Mo-C codoped TiO2 targets, which were sintered by mixing the Mo2C and TiO2 powder with different mole ratio. We found that the Mo and C ions were successfully incorporated into the lattice of TiO2 films. As a result, the band gap of TiO2 was reduced and the visible-light photocatalytic property was enhanced. The photocatalytic performance of Mo-C codoped TiO2 films was strictly relevant with the band gap and there was a best codoping concentration of 0.01% for the TiO2 film, which processed the smallest band gap and the best photocatalytic property. If the codoping concentration increased, the photocatalytic performance decreased dramatically. Our results suggest that sputtering technique is a convenient method to prepare Mo-C codoped TiO2 films with tunable doping content and high photocatalytic performance.

  9. Initial deposition and electron paramagnetic resonance defects characterization of TiO2 films prepared using successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction method

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction (SILAR) technique was considered promisingly to deposit ultra thin titanium dioxide (TiO2) films under ambient condition. In this paper, the growth process, structures and paramagnetic defects of the films were characterized by complementary techniques of atomic force microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy and electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy. The results indicate that on glass substrate the SILAR TiO2 film nucleates in an island mode within the initial five deposition cycles but grows in a layer-by-layer mode afterwards. The growth rate was measured as 4.6 Å/cycle. In the as-deposited films, a kind of paramagnetic defects is detected at g (2.0029) and it can be attributed to oxygen vacancies. These as-received oxygen vacancies could be annealed out at 473 K. Ultraviolet irradiation on the as-deposited films can also decrease the density of the defects. The relative mechanisms on the phenomenon were discussed in this paper. - Highlights: ► TiO2 films are deposited on glass at 25 °C by successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction method with a rate of 4.6 Å/cycle. ► The films nucleate in an island mode initially but grow in a layer mode afterwards. ► The SILAR TiO2 films nucleation period is five cycles. ► Electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy shows that TiO2 films paramagnetic defects are attributed to oxygen vacancies. ► They will decrease by anneal or ultraviolet radiation and form hydroxyl or superoxide radicals.

  10. A practical demonstration of water disinfection using TiO2 films and sunlight.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gelover, Silvia; Gómez, Luis A; Reyes, Karina; Teresa Leal, Ma

    2006-10-01

    The scope of this study is the assessment of the efficiency of solar disinfection by heterogeneous photocatalysis with sol-gel immobilized (titanium dioxide) TiO2 films over glass cylinders. The solar disinfection process known as SODIS was considered as a reference. Spring water naturally polluted with coliform bacteria was exposed to sunlight in plastic bottles with and without TiO2 over simple solar collectors and the disinfection effectiveness was measured. Total and fecal coliforms quantification was performed by means of the chromogenic substrate method in order to obtain the efficiency of each disinfection treatment. The disinfection with TiO2 was more efficient than the SODIS process, inactivating total coliforms as well as fecal coliforms. On a sunny day (more than 1000 W m(-2) irradiance), it took the disinfection with immobilized TiO2 15 min of irradiation to inactivate the fecal coliforms to make them undetectable. For inactivation of total coliforms, 30 min was required, so that in less than half the time it takes SODIS, the treated water complies with the microbial standards for drinking water in Mexico. Another important part of this study has been to determine the bacterial regrowth in water after the disinfection processes were tested. After SODIS, bacterial regrowth of coliforms was observed. In contrast, when using the TiO2 catalyst, coliforms regrowth was not detected, neither for total nor for fecal coliforms. The disinfection process using TiO2 kept treated water free of coliforms at least for seven days after sun irradiation. This demonstration opens the possibility of application of this simple method in rural areas of developing countries.

  11. Photoactive TiO2 Films Formation by Drain Coating for Endosulfan Degradation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Tapia-Orozco

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Heterogeneous photocatalysis is an advanced oxidation process in which a photoactive catalyst, such as TiO2, is attached to a support to produce free radical species known as reactive oxygen species (ROS that can be used to break down toxic organic compounds. In this study, the draining time, annealing temperature, and draining/annealing cycles for TiO2 films grown by the drain coating method were evaluated using a 23 factorial experimental design to determine the photoactivity of the films via endosulfan degradation. The TiO2 films prepared with a large number of draining/annealing cycles at high temperatures enhanced (P>0.05 endosulfan degradation and superoxide radical generation after 30 minutes of illumination with UV light. We demonstrated a negative correlation (R2=0.69; P>0.01 between endosulfan degradation and superoxide radical generation. The endosulfan degradation rates were the highest at 30 minutes with the F6 film. In addition, films prepared using conditions F1, F4, and F8 underwent an adsorption/desorption process. The kinetic reaction constants, Kapp (min−1, were 0.0101, 0.0080, 0.0055, 0.0048, and 0.0035 for F6, F2, F5, F3, and F1, respectively. The endosulfan metabolites alcohol, ether, and lactone were detected and quantified at varying levels in all photocatalytic assays.

  12. Effect of N-Doping on Absorption and Luminescence of Anatase TiO2 Films

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIANG Xia; SHI Xiao-Yan; GAO Xiao-Lin; JI Fang; WANG Ya-Jun; LIU Chun-Ming; ZU Xiao-Tao

    2012-01-01

    Anatase TiO2 films are deposited on glass substrates at different oxygen partial pressures of 0.8-1.6 Pa.Room temperature N ion implantation is conducted in the films at ion fluences up to 5 × 1017 ions/cm2.UV-visible absorption and photoluminescence (PL) are investigated.With the increase of N ion fluences,the band gap of TiO2 decreases and the absorbance increases.X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) confirms the formation of O-Ti-N nitride after implantation,resulting in the red shift of the band gap.The PL intensity of the deposited films increases with the increasing oxygen partial pressure and decreases remarkably due to the irradiation defects induced by ion implantation.%Anatase TiO2 films are deposited on glass substrates at different oxygen partial pressures of 0.8-1.6Pa. Room temperature N ion implantation is conducted in the films at ion fluences up to 5 ×1017 ions/cm2. UV-visible absorption and photoluminescence (PL) are investigated. With the increase of N ion Buences, the band gap of TiO2 decreases and the absorbance increases. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) confirms the formation of O-Ti-N nitride after implantation, resulting in the red shift of the band gap. The PL intensity of the deposited films increases with the increasing oxygen partial pressure and decreases remarkably due to the irradiation defects induced by ion implantation.

  13. TiO2-聚苯胺复合膜的光电化学%The Photoelectrochemistry of TiO2-Polyaniline Composite Film

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄怀国; 郑志新; 罗瑾; 张红平; 吴玲玲; 林仲华

    2001-01-01

    A TiO2 and polyaniline (PANI) composite film was obtained by electrochemical methods. The SEM image of the composite film showed that the PANI film is almost completely covered with TiO2. The spectra of photocurrent for the TiO2-PANI composite film , which overlaps the TiO2 film and PANI film, showed that the composite film is able to have higher conversion efficiency. The spectra of photocurrent for the TiO2-PANI composite film were different from these of TiO2 film photosensitized by PANI. The bandgap energy of TiO2 film on partially-oxidized PANI film was determined as 3.0 eV by the threshold energy of photocurrent band for TiO2. The spectra of photocurrent for partially-oxidized PANI film electrode suggested that it has the characteristics of sub-band gap spectra of photocurrent and followed Fowler rule(1/2~hν). The bandgap energy of insulating matrix in partially-oxidized PANI is determined as 3.33 eV by the Flowler plots, and the insulating matrix in partially-oxidized PANI was verified to be reduced PANI. The flat-band potentials, in the order of 0.87 V vs. NHE for partially-oxidized PANI and 0.09V vs. NHE for TiO2-PANI composite film in 1.0 mol/L HClO4 solution,were obtained from Mott-Schottky plots. The doping content of partially-oxidized PANI and TiO2-PANI composite film are 5.3×1018 cm-3 and 9.1×1019 cm-3, respectively. The photoelectrochemical process of TiO2-PANI composite film is interpreted and the energy diagram is proposed. The TiO2-PANI composite film can be well used for treating the wastewater, for example, containing phenol.%利用电化学方法制备了TiO2-聚苯胺(PANI)复合膜.该膜具有比TiO2或PANI膜更宽的吸收谱区,并且不同于利用聚苯胺光敏化的TiO2膜,表现为两者复合材料膜的性质.扫描电镜图表明,TiO2微粒不完全覆盖着PANI膜.根据TiO2微粒光电流谱带的阈值能可得复盖在部分氧化态聚苯胺膜上的TiO2微粒的禁带宽度为3.0 eV.部分氧化态聚苯胺

  14. Degradation of Pollutant and Antibacterial Activity of Waterborne Polyurethane/Doped TiO2 Nanoparticle Hybrid Films

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QIU Shan; DENG Fengxia; XU Shanwen; LIU Peng; MIN Xinmin; MA Fang

    2015-01-01

    The waterborne polyurethane/doped TiO2 nanoparticle hybrid films were prepared. Nd, I doped TiO2 was prepared with a 50 nm particle sizefi rstly. The hybridfi lm was prepared by mixing doped TiO2 with waterborne polyurethane, followed by heat treatment. The presence and nanometric distribution of doped TiO2 nanoparticles in prepared membranes is evident according to SEM images. The photocatalytic activities of doped TiO2 were signifi cantly enhanced compared with pure TiO2 powders. After the hybridfi lm fabrication, the photocatalytic activities were almost the same as the pure catalysts withkMB of 0.046. In the antibacterial testing, the hybridfi lms can inhibitE. coli growth. A signifi cant decrease in membranefl uidity and increase of permeability ofE. coli were observed.

  15. Nanostructured TiO2 films for dye-sensitized solar cells prepared by the sol-gel method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Young Sam; Kim, Kyung Hwan; Park, Sang Joon; Yoon, Hyon Hee; Choi, Hyung Wook

    2011-12-01

    TiO2 films were prepared on glass substrates using the sol-gel process for a dye-sensitized solar cell application. The TiO2 sol was prepared using hydrolysis/polycondensation. Titanium (IV) Tetra Isopropoxide (TTIP) was used as precursor and Nitric acid (HNO3) was used as a catalyst for the peptization. The crystal structure and morphology of the prepared materials were characterized by XRD, and an SEM. The observations confirmed the nanocrystalline nature of the TiO2. The reaction parameters, such as the catalyst concentrations, the calcination time, and the calcination temperature were varied during the synthesis in order to achieve nanosize TiO2 particles. The prepared TiO2 particles were coated onto FTO glass using a screen printing technique. The prepared TiO2 films were characterized by UV-vis. The TiO2 particles calcinated at low temperatures showed an anatase phase they grew into a rutile phase when the calcination temperature increased. The size and structure of the TiO2 particles were adjusted to specific surface areas. It was found that the conversion efficiency of the DSSC was highly affected by the properties of the TiO2 particles. PMID:22409037

  16. Preparation of transparent TiO2 nanocrystalline film for UV sensor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FU Yao; GAO Wanghe

    2006-01-01

    The nanocrystalline TiO2 film electrodes were prepared by sol-gel method at different calcining temperatures, which had characteristics of different film thickness, uniform transparency, as well as high photoelectric and mechanical stability. Photoelectric measurements show that calcining temperature and film thickness could remarkably influence the photoelectric properties of the electrodes. The film calcined at 450℃ is anatase phase with high crystallinity and strong photoelectric activity, and shows the largest photocurrent. When the temperature is lower than 450℃, the film has weaker crystallinity because of a large number of defects in the film,and this is not favorable for the transport of the photogenerated carriers. And at a temperature higher than 450℃, the photocurrent of the electrode is decreased due to anatase-rutile phase transition in the film. The increase in film thickness is favorable to the enhancement of ultraviolet light (UV) absorption amount, which would improve the photoelectric activity of the film. But, excessive thickness will increase the recombination rate of the electron-hole pairs, and result in a reduction in electrode's photoelectric activity. In addition, the response sensitivity and stability of the photocurrent produced in the electrode are related to bias potential. At a potential of 0.4 V, the electrode shows a saturated photocurrent of 30.8 μA and a response time of ~1 s, suggesting that the prepared TiO2 film electrode can be used for making UV sensors.

  17. Cr掺杂金红石相TiO2(110)单晶薄膜的制备、表征及光催化活性%Preparation, Characterization and Photocatalytic Activity of Cr-Doped Rutile TiO2(110) Single Crystal Thin Films

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王阳; 邵翔; 王兵

    2013-01-01

    The growth of Cr-doped rutile TiO2(110) homoepitaxial single crystal thin films using the pulsed laser deposition (PLD) method was investigated.Surface morphology and electronic structure were characterized using scanning tunneling microscopy/spectroscopy (STM/STS),and X-ray and ultraviolet photoemission spectroscopies (XPS/UPS).Optical absorption spectra were measured using ultravioletvisible (UV-Vis) absorption spectroscopy.STM images revealed that the atomically flat TiO2(110)-(1 × 1)surface was maintained at a Cr doping concentration of 6% (atomic ratio),indicating that the Cr dopant had negligible effect on surface morphology.The Cr-doped rutile TiO2(110) film showed higher tunneling conductance than an undoped rutile single crystal.XPS and UPS spectra indicated that Cr atoms bound to lattice O,were present in +3 oxidation state and introduced an impurity state 0.4 eV above the valence band maximum.The UV-Vis absorption spectrum of the Cr-doped film showed an absorbance extending to ~650 nm in the visible range,which was consistent with UPS measurements.Using the Cr-doped TiO2 films,the dissociation of methanol molecules was only observed under irradiation with UV light (wavelength shorter than 430 nm).The dissociation reaction was not observed under irradiation with visible light (wavelength longer than 430 nm).Our results suggest that doping with Cr element alone may not be sufficient to promote the visible light photoactivity of rutile TiO2(110) surfaces.%采用脉冲激光沉积术(PLD)同质外延生长了表面原子级平整的6%(原子比)Cr掺杂的金红石相TiO2(110)单晶薄膜,采用扫描隧道显微镜(STM)、扫描隧道谱(STS)、X射线光电子能谱(XPS)和紫外光电子能谱(UPS)对其进行了表征.结果表明:Cr掺杂对TiO2(110)-(1×1)表面的形貌没有明显影响,但是提高了掺杂薄膜在负偏压的导电性;Cr与晶格O键合而呈现+3价态,由此在TiO2的价带顶上方~0.4 eV处引入杂质能级.紫外-

  18. Hydrophilicity, photocatalytic activity and stability of tetraethyl orthosilicate modified TiO2 film on glazed ceramic surface

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Peng; Tian, Jie; Xu, Ruifen; Ma, Guojun

    2013-02-01

    A new, simple, and low-cost method has been developed to enhance the surface properties of TiO2 film. Degussa P25-TiO2 nanoparticles were modified by tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) on glazed ceramic tiles. Effects of tetraethyl orthosilicate modification on microstructure, crystal structure, hydrophilicity, photocatalytic activity and stability of the film were investigated. The obtained results showed that P25-TiO2/TEOS particles exhibited better dispersion, higher surface area, bigger surface roughness and smaller particle size comparing to pure P25-TiO2 particles, which resulted in better hydrophilicity after 10 days in a dark place and higher photocatalytic activity under visible light irradiation. 68% of Rhodamine B was degraded by P25-TiO2/TEOS film in 25 h with the light intensity of 5000 ± 500 lx, and degradation rate reached to 82% with the light intensity of 10,000 ± 1000 lx. Furthermore, two fundamentally different systems, in which the films recycle for repetitive degradation after soaked in dye solution and for discoloration after depositing dye on the surfaces, respectively, were measured to confirm that P25-TiO2/TEOS film showed excellently stable performances. Therefore the P25-TiO2/TEOS film we obtained has good washing resistance and would be a promising candidate for practical applications.

  19. Preparation and crystalline phase of a TiO2 porous film by anodic oxidation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Wei; TAO Jie; ZHANG Weiwei; TAO Haijun; WANG Ling

    2005-01-01

    Anatase titanium dioxide is an active photocatalyst, but it is difficult to immobilize on the substrate. A crystalline TiO2 porous film was prepared directly on the surface of pure titanium by anodic oxidation in this work. Constant voltage and constant current anodic oxidation were adopted with sulphuric acid used as the electrolyte, pure titanium as the anode and copper as the cathode. The morphology and structure of the porous film on the substrate were analyzed with the aid of Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM) and X-ray Diffraction (XRD). The effects of the parameters of anodic oxidation (such as voltage, the concentration of sulphuric acid, anodization time and current density) on the aperture and the crystalline phase of the TiO2 porous film were systematically investigated. The results indicate that the increase of current density facilitates the augment of the aperture and the generation of anatase and rutile. In addition, the forming mechanism of anatase and rutile TiO2 porous films was discussed.

  20. The Influence of Annealing Temperature on the Structure and Properties of TiO2 Films Prepared by Sputtering

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Baoshun; ZHAO Xiujian; ZHAO Qingnan

    2006-01-01

    The TiO2 films were prepared on slides by dc reactive magnetron sputtering, then the samples were annealed at 300 ℃,350 ℃,400 ℃,450 ℃,500 ℃ and 550 ℃,respectively. X-ray diffraction (XRD) was used to obtain the TiO2 film crystalline structure; X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) was used to study the film surface stoichiometries; surface morphologies were studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM); the contact angle was tested to indicate the TiO2 film wettability; and the photocatalytic activity testing was conducted to evaluate the photocatalysis properties. The photocatalytic activity and contact angle testing results were correlated with the crystallinity, surface morphologies and surface *OH concentration of TiO2 films. The samples with a higher polycrystalline anatase structure, rough surface and high *OH concentration displayed a better photoinduced hydrophilicity and a stronger photocatalysis.

  1. The Effect of Dye Density on the Efficiency of Photosensitization of TiO2 Films: Light-Harvesting by Phenothiazine-Labelled Dendritic Ruthenium Complexes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lin-Yong Zhu

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available A family of dendritic tris-bipyridyl ruthenium coordination complexes incorporating two or four carboxylate groups for binding to a TiO2 surface site and another dendritic linker between the metal complex and highly absorptive dyes were formulated as thin films on TiO2 coated glass. The family included phenothiazine-substituted dendrons of increasing structural complexity and higher optical density. The dye-loaded films were characterized by steady-state emission and absorption measurements and by kinetic studies of luminescence and transient absorption. Upon photoexcitation of the bound dyes, rapid electron injection into the metal oxide film was the dominant observed process, producing oxidized dye that persisted for hundreds of milliseconds. Complex decay profiles for emission, transient absorption, and optical bleaching of the dendritic dyes point to highly heterogeneous behavior for the films, with observed persistence lifetimes related directly to structurally enhance electronic coupling between the metal oxide support and the dendritic dyes.

  2. Interaction of Sensitizing Dyes with Nanostructured TiO2 Film in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells Using Terahertz Spectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghann, William; Rahman, Aunik; Rahman, Anis; Uddin, Jamal

    2016-01-01

    The objective of this investigation was to shed light on the nature of interaction of different organic dyes and an inorganic dye, Ruthenium (II) polypyridine complex, with TiO2 nanoparticles. TiO2 is commonly deployed as an efficient energy transfer electrode in dye sensitized solar cells. The efficiency of dye sensitized solar cells is a function of the interaction of a dye with the electrode material such as TiO2. To the best of our knowledge the present study is the first effort in the determination of terahertz absorbance signals, investigation of real-time dye permeation kinetics, and the surface profiling and 3D imaging of dye sensitized TiO2 films. Herein, we report that the terahertz spectra of the natural dye sensitized TiO2 films were distinctively different from that of the inorganic dye with prominent absorption of natural dyes occurring at approximately the same wavelength. It was observed that the permeation of the natural dyes were more uniform through the layers of the mesoporous TiO2 compared to the inorganic dye. Finally, defects and flaws on TiO2 film were easily recognized via surface profiling and 3D imaging of the films. The findings thus offer a new approach in characterization of dye sensitized solar cells. PMID:27443236

  3. Interaction of Sensitizing Dyes with Nanostructured TiO2 Film in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells Using Terahertz Spectroscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghann, William; Rahman, Aunik; Rahman, Anis; Uddin, Jamal

    2016-07-22

    The objective of this investigation was to shed light on the nature of interaction of different organic dyes and an inorganic dye, Ruthenium (II) polypyridine complex, with TiO2 nanoparticles. TiO2 is commonly deployed as an efficient energy transfer electrode in dye sensitized solar cells. The efficiency of dye sensitized solar cells is a function of the interaction of a dye with the electrode material such as TiO2. To the best of our knowledge the present study is the first effort in the determination of terahertz absorbance signals, investigation of real-time dye permeation kinetics, and the surface profiling and 3D imaging of dye sensitized TiO2 films. Herein, we report that the terahertz spectra of the natural dye sensitized TiO2 films were distinctively different from that of the inorganic dye with prominent absorption of natural dyes occurring at approximately the same wavelength. It was observed that the permeation of the natural dyes were more uniform through the layers of the mesoporous TiO2 compared to the inorganic dye. Finally, defects and flaws on TiO2 film were easily recognized via surface profiling and 3D imaging of the films. The findings thus offer a new approach in characterization of dye sensitized solar cells.

  4. Interaction of Sensitizing Dyes with Nanostructured TiO2 Film in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells Using Terahertz Spectroscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghann, William; Rahman, Aunik; Rahman, Anis; Uddin, Jamal

    2016-01-01

    The objective of this investigation was to shed light on the nature of interaction of different organic dyes and an inorganic dye, Ruthenium (II) polypyridine complex, with TiO2 nanoparticles. TiO2 is commonly deployed as an efficient energy transfer electrode in dye sensitized solar cells. The efficiency of dye sensitized solar cells is a function of the interaction of a dye with the electrode material such as TiO2. To the best of our knowledge the present study is the first effort in the determination of terahertz absorbance signals, investigation of real-time dye permeation kinetics, and the surface profiling and 3D imaging of dye sensitized TiO2 films. Herein, we report that the terahertz spectra of the natural dye sensitized TiO2 films were distinctively different from that of the inorganic dye with prominent absorption of natural dyes occurring at approximately the same wavelength. It was observed that the permeation of the natural dyes were more uniform through the layers of the mesoporous TiO2 compared to the inorganic dye. Finally, defects and flaws on TiO2 film were easily recognized via surface profiling and 3D imaging of the films. The findings thus offer a new approach in characterization of dye sensitized solar cells. PMID:27443236

  5. Interaction of Sensitizing Dyes with Nanostructured TiO2 Film in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells Using Terahertz Spectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghann, William; Rahman, Aunik; Rahman, Anis; Uddin, Jamal

    2016-07-01

    The objective of this investigation was to shed light on the nature of interaction of different organic dyes and an inorganic dye, Ruthenium (II) polypyridine complex, with TiO2 nanoparticles. TiO2 is commonly deployed as an efficient energy transfer electrode in dye sensitized solar cells. The efficiency of dye sensitized solar cells is a function of the interaction of a dye with the electrode material such as TiO2. To the best of our knowledge the present study is the first effort in the determination of terahertz absorbance signals, investigation of real-time dye permeation kinetics, and the surface profiling and 3D imaging of dye sensitized TiO2 films. Herein, we report that the terahertz spectra of the natural dye sensitized TiO2 films were distinctively different from that of the inorganic dye with prominent absorption of natural dyes occurring at approximately the same wavelength. It was observed that the permeation of the natural dyes were more uniform through the layers of the mesoporous TiO2 compared to the inorganic dye. Finally, defects and flaws on TiO2 film were easily recognized via surface profiling and 3D imaging of the films. The findings thus offer a new approach in characterization of dye sensitized solar cells.

  6. Electrochemical deposition of nano-structured ZnO on the nanocrystalline TiO2 film and its characterization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    One-dimensional structure of ZnO nanorod arrays on nanocrystalline TiO2/ITO conductive glass substrates has been fabricated by cathodic reduction electrochemical deposition methods in the three-electrode system,with zinc nitrate aqueous solution as the electrolyte,and were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD),scanning electron microscopy (SEM),energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) and photoluminescence (PL) spectra.The effects of film substrates,electrolyte concentration,deposition time,and methenamine (HMT) addition on ZnO deposition and its luminescent property were investigated in detail.The results show that,compared with on the ITO glass substrate,ZnO is much easily achieved by electrochemical deposition on the TiO2 nanoparticle thin films.ZnO is hexagonally structured wurtzite with the c-axis preferred growth,and further forms nanorod arrays vertically on the substrates.It is favorable to the growth of ZnO to extend the deposition time,to increase the electrolyte concentration,and to add a certain amount of HMT in the system,consequently improving the crystallinity and orientation of ZnO arrays.It is demonstrated that the obtained ZnO arrays with high crystallinity and good orientation display strong band-edge UV (375 nm) and weak surface-state-related green (520 nm) emission peaks.

  7. Understanding bactericidal performance on ambient light activated TiO2-InVO4 nanostructured films

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Ziming; Xu, Qingchi; Yang Tan, Timothy Thatt

    2011-12-01

    TiO2-InVO4 nanostructured films were coated onto glass substrates and systematically investigated for their bactericidal activities using Escherichia coli (E. coli) as the model bacterium under ambient light illumination. The uniform TiO2-InVO4 nanostructured films were prepared using titanium isopropoxide (TTIP) as the precursor via a simple sol-gel approach. Polyethylenimine (PEI) was used as a surfactant to ensure uniform dispersion of InVO4 and a sacrificial pore-inducing agent, generating nanostructured films. Compared to unmodified TiO2 film, the current TiO2-InVO4 films exhibited enhanced bactericidal activities under ambient light illumination. Bacterial cell ``photo-fixation'' was demonstrated to be crucial in enhancing the bactericidal activity. A bacterial-nanostructured surface interaction mechanism was proposed for the current ambient-light activated nanostructured film.TiO2-InVO4 nanostructured films were coated onto glass substrates and systematically investigated for their bactericidal activities using Escherichia coli (E. coli) as the model bacterium under ambient light illumination. The uniform TiO2-InVO4 nanostructured films were prepared using titanium isopropoxide (TTIP) as the precursor via a simple sol-gel approach. Polyethylenimine (PEI) was used as a surfactant to ensure uniform dispersion of InVO4 and a sacrificial pore-inducing agent, generating nanostructured films. Compared to unmodified TiO2 film, the current TiO2-InVO4 films exhibited enhanced bactericidal activities under ambient light illumination. Bacterial cell ``photo-fixation'' was demonstrated to be crucial in enhancing the bactericidal activity. A bacterial-nanostructured surface interaction mechanism was proposed for the current ambient-light activated nanostructured film. Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available: Photocatalytic activity test procedure and results, AFM images, EDX results, LSCM images, and wettability results. See DOI: 10.1039/c1nr11126d

  8. Photoeletrochemical Properties of TiO2 Films Modified with Gold Nanoparticles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐红; 刘玲; 贾能勤; 杨洁; 严曼明; 江志裕

    2005-01-01

    A nano-Au modified TiO2 electrode was prepared via the oxidation of Ti sheet in flame and subsequent modification with gold nanoparticles. The results of SEM and TEM measurements show that the Au nanoparticles are well dispersed on TiO2 surface. A near 2-fold enhancement in photocurrent was achieved upon the modification with Au nanoparticles. From the results of photocurrent and electrochemical impedance experiments it was found that the flatband potential of nano-Au/TiO2 electrode negatively shifted about 100 mV in 0.5 mol/L Na2SO4 solutions compared with that of bare TiO2 electrode. The improvement of photoelectrochemical performance was explained by the inhibition for charge recombination of photo-induced electrons and holes, and the promotion for interracial charge-transfer kinetics at nano-Au/TiO2 composite film. Such nanometal-semiconductor composite films have the potential application in improving the performance of photoelectrochemical solar cells.

  9. Influence of heat treatment temperature on bonding and oxidation resistance of diamond particles coated with TiO2 film

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Xiao-Pan Liu; Dong-Dong Song; Long Wan; Xian-Bing Pang; Zheng Li

    2015-09-01

    In this paper, TiO2 films were coated on the surface of diamond particles using a sol–gel method. The effects of heat treatment temperature on the morphology, composition, chemical bonds, oxidation resistance and compressive strength of diamond particles coated with TiO2 films were characterized through scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared, Raman spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction analysis, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, thermogravimetric–differential scanning calorimetry and compressive strength test. The results showed that when the temperature reached 600°C, the amorphous TiO2 on the diamond particles surface exhibited as a dense anatase film and the Ti–O–C bond formed between TiO2 and the diamond substrates. When temperature reached 800°C, TiO2 films were still in anatase phase and part of the diamond carbon began to graphitize. The graphitizated carbon can also form the Ti–O–C bond with TiO2 film, although TiO2 film would tend to crack in this condition. Meanwhile, the temperature had a serious influence on the oxidation resistance of diamond particles coated with TiO2 films in air. When the heat treatment temperature reached 600°C, the initial oxidation temperature of the coated diamond particles reached the maximum value of 754°C. When the diamond particles were oxidized at 800°C for 0.5 h in air, the weight loss rate reached the minimum value of 6.7 wt% and the compressive strength reached the maximum value of 15.7 N.

  10. Effects of electron beam irradiation on the photoelectrochemical properties of TiO2 film for DSSCs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    ABSTRACT: TiO2 has been widely utilized for various industrial applications such as photochemical cells, photocatalysts, and electrochromic devices. The crystallinity and morphology of TiO2 films play a significant role in determining the overall efficiency of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). In this study, the preparation of nanostructured TiO2 films by electron beam irradiation and their characterization were investigated for the application of DSSCs. TiO2 films were exposed to 20–100 kGy of electron beam irradiation using 1.14 MeV energy acceleration with a 7.46 mA beam current and 10 kGy/pass dose rates. These samples were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis. After irradiation, each TiO2 film was tested as a DSSC. At low doses of electron beam irradiation (20 kGy), the energy conversion efficiency of the film was approximately 4.0% under illumination of simulated sunlight with AM 1.5 G (100 mW/cm2). We found that electron beam irradiation resulted in surface modification of the TiO2 films, which could explain the observed increase in the conversion efficiency in irradiated versus non-irradiated films. - Highlights: ► The surface of TiO2 particles was modified by electron beam irradiation. ► The aggregation between each TiO2 particle was observed in the SEM images. ► Ti3+ state was enhanced due to the excess electron injection via electron beam irradiation. ► The power conversion efficiency of DSSCs was enhanced.

  11. Effect of substrate on surface morphology and photocatalysis of large-scale TiO2 films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez, Lorena; Daoud, Walid A.; Dutta, Dushmanta; Panther, Barbara C.; Turney, Terence W.

    2013-01-01

    Nanostructured TiO2 films were prepared on a variety of substrates, including acid frosted soda-lime glass, acid frosted soda-lime glass pre-coated with a SiO2 barrier layer, commercial glazed ceramic tile and 6061 aluminum alloy. For each substrate, the phase and microstructure of the films were determined to be exclusively anatase. However, the growth of the TiO2 crystallites, the film morphology and thickness varied substantially with substrate. Thermal stress, resulting from the difference in the coefficient of thermal expansion between the substrates and the films, contributed to the formation and propagation of cracks. This was most clearly observed on the films deposited on SiO2 barrier layer and aluminum. The photocatalytic activity of the TiO2 films deposited on glass with and without SiO2 barrier layer, ceramic, and aluminum was studied via UV decolorization of methyl orange in aqueous solution. Complete degradation rapidly occurred on the TiO2/glass and TiO2/SiO2 barrier layer films, but not with the ceramic or metal substrates. It appears that the photocatalytic activity of the films deposited on aluminum and ceramic substrates was affected by the quantity and the size of the anatase crystallites. The aluminum substrate promoted the formation of TiO2 films with the largest anatase crystallite size, exhibiting a cracked morphology, where as the ceramic substrate resulted in the formation of TiO2 films with large crystallite size in an island morphology.

  12. Influence of catalyst on structural and morphological properties of TiO2 nanostructured films prepared by sol-gel on glass

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mehdi Alzamani; Ali Shokuhfar; Ebrahim Eghdam; Sadegh Mastali

    2013-01-01

    Transparent TiO2 thin films have been prepared by the sol-gel method using titanium alkoxides as precursors. Thin films were deposited on glass supports by the dip-coating technique. The TiO2 layer acts as a self-cleaning coating generated from its photocatalysis and photoinduced superhydrophilicity. The crystalline structure of TiO2 films was dominantly identified as the anatase phase, consisted of uniform spherical particles of about 14-50 nm in size, which strongly depends upon catalyst-type and heat treatment temperature. Increasing heat treating temperature can lead to an increase in crystalline size. The results indicated that the sample S.S (sample derived from sol containing sulfuric acid as catalyst) exhibits superhydrophilic nature and better photocatalytic activity, which can be attributed to its higher anatase content and lower crystalline size. Morphological studies, carried out using Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM), confirm the presence of crystalline phase with such a grain size and low surface roughness. Thus, the applied films exhibiting high photocatalytic activity, superhydrophilic behavior, and low surface roughness can be used as an efficient self-cleaning coating on glass and other optical applications.

  13. Preparation of porous nanocrystalline TiO2 electrode by screen-printing technique

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIE DongMei; FENG ShuJing; LIN Yuan; DONG GuoJun; XIAO XuRui; LI XuePing; ZHOU XiaoWen

    2007-01-01

    Different paste has been used for preparing porous TiO2 thin film by screen-printing technique, the main component of it comes from commercial TiO2 P25 power. The dye-sensitized solar cell based on this TiO2 thin film without further chemical treatments exhibits high overall conversion efficiency of 5.81%―6.70%, even with low TiO2 content and thin film thickness. The experimental repeatability is nice and the properties of the films are uniform.

  14. Formaldehyde gas sensor based on TiO2 thin membrane integrated with nano silicon structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Xuan; Ming, An-jie; Ye, Li; Chen, Feng-hua; Sun, Xi-long; Liu, Wei-bing; Li, Chao-bo; Ou, Wen; Wang, Wei-bing; Chen, Da-peng

    2016-07-01

    An innovative formaldehyde gas sensor based on thin membrane type metal oxide of TiO2 layer was designed and fabricated. This sensor under ultraviolet (UV) light emitting diode (LED) illumination exhibits a higher response to formaldehyde than that without UV illumination at low temperature. The sensitivities of the sensor under steady working condition were calculated for different gas concentrations. The sensitivity to formaldehyde of 7.14 mg/m3 is about 15.91 under UV illumination with response time of 580 s and recovery time of 500 s. The device was fabricated through micro-electro-mechanical system (MEMS) processing technology. First, plasma immersion ion implantation (PIII) was adopted to form black polysilicon, then a nanoscale TiO2 membrane with thickness of 53 nm was deposited by DC reactive magnetron sputtering to obtain the sensing layer. By such fabrication approaches, the nanoscale polysilicon presents continuous rough surface with thickness of 50 nm, which could improve the porosity of the sensing membrane. The fabrication process can be mass-produced for the MEMS process compatibility.

  15. Effects of electron beam irradiation on the photoelectrochemical properties of TiO2 film for DSSCs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Hyun-Bin; Park, Dong-Won; Jeun, Joon-Pyo; Oh, Seung-Hwan; Nho, Young-Chang; Kang, Phil-Hyun

    2012-08-01

    iO2 has been widely utilized for various industrial applications such as photochemical cells, photocatalysts, and electrochromic devices. The crystallinity and morphology of TiO2 films play a significant role in determining the overall efficiency of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). In this study, the preparation of nanostructured TiO2 films by electron beam irradiation and their characterization were investigated for the application of DSSCs. TiO2 films were exposed to 20-100 kGy of electron beam irradiation using 1.14 MeV energy acceleration with a 7.46 mA beam current and 10 kGy/pass dose rates. These samples were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis. After irradiation, each TiO2 film was tested as a DSSC. At low doses of electron beam irradiation (20 kGy), the energy conversion efficiency of the film was approximately 4.0% under illumination of simulated sunlight with AM 1.5 G (100 mW/cm2). We found that electron beam irradiation resulted in surface modification of the TiO2 films, which could explain the observed increase in the conversion efficiency in irradiated versus non-irradiated films.

  16. The Photocatalytic Property of Nitrogen-Doped TiO2 Nanoball Film

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haiying Wang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available TiO2 nanoball films of nitrogen doping and no doping were prepared by anodic oxidation method. The nitrogen-doped samples exhibited significant enhanced absorption in visible light range, narrowing band gap from 3.2 eV to 2.8 eV and the smaller nanoball diameter size. The concentrations of methyl blue reduce to nearly 44% after 4-hour photodecomposition test by nitrogen-doped sample. It is indicated that there may be two main reasons for the enhanced photocatalytic activity: the increase of O vacancy and photocatalytic reactivity surface area in nitrogen-doped samples.

  17. Unsymmetrical extended -conjugated zinc phthalocyanine for sensitization of nanocrystalline TiO2 films

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    L Giribabu; Ch Vijay Kumar; P Yella Reddy; Jun-Ho Yum; M Grätzel; Md K Nazeeruddin

    2009-01-01

    We have designed and synthesized a new unsymmetrical zinc phthalocyanine based on `push-pull’ and extended -conjugation concept, PCH008. The new sensitizer was fully characterized by CHN anlysis, UV-Vis., fluorescence spectroscopies and cyclic voltammetry. The new sensitizer which upon anchoring onto nanocrystalline TiO2 film exhibit a short circuit current of 5.63 mA cm-2, open circuit potential of 557.0 mV and a fill factor of 0.75 corresponding to an overall conversion efficiency of 2.35% under standard global air mass (AM) 1.5 solar conditions and compared its performance with literature reported phthalocyanine dyes.

  18. Enhancement of photoelectrochemical activity of SnS thin-film photoelectrodes using TiO2, Nb2O5, and Ta2O5 metal oxide layers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vequizo, Junie Jhon M.; Yokoyama, Masanori; Ichimura, Masaya; Yamakata, Akira

    2016-06-01

    Tin sulfide (SnS) fine photoelectrodes fabricated by three-step pulsed electrodeposition were active for H2 evolution. The incident-photon-conversion-efficiency increases from 900 nm and offers a good fit with the absorption spectrum. The activity was enhanced by 3.4, 3.0, and 1.8 times compared to bare SnS by loading Nb2O5, TiO2, and Ta2O5, respectively. Nb2O5 was most efficient because its conduction band is low enough to facilitate effective electron transfer from SnS; it also has sufficiently high potential for H2 evolution. The overall activity is determined by the competitive interfacial electron transfer between SnS/metal-oxide and metal-oxide/water. Therefore, constructing appropriate heterojunctions is necessary for further improving photoelectrochemical systems.

  19. Electrodeposited ZnO thin film as an efficient alternative blocking layer for TiCl4 pre-treatment in TiO2-based dye sensitized solar cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kouhestanian, E.; Mozaffari, S. A.; Ranjbar, M.; SalarAmoli, H.; Armanmehr, M. H.

    2016-08-01

    Recently, ZnO nanostructures have received considerable attention in fabrication of dye sensitized solar cell (DSSC) photoanodes due to their unique transport properties. In the present study, a chronoamperometric method was performed to fabricate the ZnO nanostructures as an appropriate alternative of TiCl4 pre-treatment to reduce the recombination reactions, while retaining the TiO2-based DSSC performance. The effect of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) on ZnO electrodeposition to control the growth and crystallization of ZnO nanostructures was investigated. ZnO/TiO2 based-DSSCs were fabricated using N719 ruthenium dye and all photovoltaic parameters were characterized. Incident photon to current efficiency (IPCE), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), cyclic voltammetry (CV) and VOC decay techniques were employed for studying the cell properties which is resulted in a significant enhancement in cell performance.

  20. Solvent Effect on the Electrical and Optical Properties of Nano composite MEH-PPV: TiO2 Films for Organic Solar Cells Applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The influence of organic solvent on the electrical and optical properties of photodiodes based on poly[2-methoxy,5-(2'- ethylhexyloxy)-1,4-phenylene vinylene) MEHPPV) and nano-TiO2 nano composite are investigated. The films were prepared from TiO2 dispersed in MEH-PPV solutions in toluene, tetrahydrofuran (THF), xylene, chloroform and 1,3-dichlorobenzene (1,3- DCB) solvents at concentration of 20 mg/ 20 ml. The electrical properties of the MEH-PPV: TiO2 nano composite thin films were measured by solar simulator in dark and under illumination condition while the characterization of optical properties has using UV-VIS spectrophotometer to evaluate the absorbance. The solvent of 1,3-DCB shows a greater conductivity with 33.82x104 S.m-1 without photo response under illumination. (author)

  1. Influences of annealing temperature on microstructure and properties for TiO2 films deposited by DC magnetron sputtering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shang, Jie-Ting; Chen, Chih-Ming; Cheng, Ta-Chih; Lee, Ying-Chieh

    2015-12-01

    Titanium dioxide films were deposited at 100 °C of substrate temperature with a DC magnetron sputtering system. The crystalline structures, morphological features, and photocatalytic activity of the TiO2 films were systematically studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and ultraviolet spectrophotometry. To obtain the crystalline structure of TiO2 film at a low annealing temperature, high-level DC power (600 W) was applied. The effect of the annealing treatments on the microstructure of the TiO2 films was investigated. The results indicated that the annealing process at 200 °C clearly caused the formation of a nanocrystalline anatase phase that directly affected photocatalytic activity. The dye removal efficiency of the nanostructured anatase attained 53 and 31% for UV and visible light radiation, respectively.

  2. (I2)n-encapsulated and C-encapsulated TiO2 films: Enhanced photoelectrochemical and visible-light photoelectrocatalytic properties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ► (I2)n-encapsulated TiO2 (I2-TiO2) and C-encapsulated TiO2 (C-TiO2) film electrodes were prepared. ► I2-TiO2 and C-TiO2 films show improved light absorbance in 400–550 nm. ► Lower electron transfer resistance and more negative flat band potentials were obtained from them. ► The photoelectrocatalytic activities of I2-TiO2 and C-TiO2 films were much higher than TiO2 film. - Abstract: Visible-light absorbing (I2)n-encapsulated TiO2 film (I2-TiO2 film) and C-encapsulated TiO2 film (C-TiO2 film) were fabricated and studied as film electrodes for their photoelectrochemical and photoelectrocatalytic (PEC) properties. The as-prepared film electrodes were characterized by scanning electronic microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and UV–visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. The photoelectrochemical properties were evaluated by the incident photo-to-current conversion efficiency, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and Mott–Schottky analysis data. The results showed that I2-TiO2 and C-TiO2 films exhibited stronger absorption in the 400–550 nm range, lower electron transfer resistance and more negative flat band potentials comparing with pure TiO2 film. Moreover, the photoelectrochemical ability of I2-TiO2 film is superior to that of C-TiO2 film. At a bias potential of 0.5 vs (Ag/AgCl)/V, the visible-light-induced PEC degradation ratios of rhodamine B and tetracycline on I2-TiO2 film or C-TiO2 film electrodes exceeded that on pure TiO2 electrode, with the improvement by a factor of about 5 or 3. The higher PEC activity of I2-TiO2 film and C-TiO2 film could be attributed to the enhancement of separation of electron-hole pair at the external electric field and the extension of the light response range of TiO2 to the visible light with a red shift in the band gap transition.

  3. Intrinsic defects and their influence on the chemical and optical properties of TiO2x films

    OpenAIRE

    Laidani, N.; Cheyssac, P; Perrière, J; Bartali, R.; Gottardi, G.; Luciu, I; Micheli, V

    2010-01-01

    ABSTRACT In this work, TiO 2 films produced by rf sputtering of a TiO 2 target, in argon and argon-oxygen plasmas were studied. The oxygen content in the feed gas was varied in a range of 3% ? 20%. The chemical composition and structure of films were characterized by Rutherford backscattering spectrometry (RBS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and X-ray diffraction. Important information about the intrinsic defects of the films and their effects on the optical properties as well as ...

  4. Consequences of niobium doping for the ferromagnetism and microstructure of anatase Co: TiO2 films

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, S. X.; Ogale, S.B.; Fu, L. F.; Dhar, S.; Kundaliya, D. C.; Ramadan, W.; Browning, N. D.; Venkatesan, T.

    2006-01-01

    It is shown that dilute niobium doping has significant effect on the ferromagnetism and microstructure of dilutely cobalt-doped anatase TiO2 films. Epitaxial films of anatase TiO2 with 3% Co, without and with 1% niobium doping were grown by pulsed-laser deposition at 875 C at different oxygen pressures. For growth at 10^{-5} Torr niobium doping suppresses the ferromagnetism, while it enhances the same in films grown at 10^{-4} Torr. High-resolution Z-contrast Scanning Transmission Electron Mi...

  5. Mechanism of Enhanced Performance of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell Based TiO2 Films Treated by Titanium Tetrachloride

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾隆月; 戴松元; 王孔嘉; 潘旭; 史成武; 郭力

    2004-01-01

    Performance of dye-sensitized solar cells can be improved by treating the nanoporous TiO2 films with titanium tetrachloride (TiCl4) aqueous solution. We explore the reason why the performance of dye-sensitized solar cells is enhanced by this method. It is found that the effect of TiCl4 treatment not only reduces the films surface area and improves the electronic contact, but also enhances the binding of N719 with the TiO2 films surface.

  6. Fabrication and characterization of brookite-rich, visible light-active TiO2 films for water splitting

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pan, Hui [ORNL; Qiu, Xiaofeng [ORNL; Ivanov, Ilia N [ORNL; Meyer III, Harry M [ORNL; Wang, Wei [ORNL; Zhu, Wenguang [ORNL; Paranthaman, Mariappan Parans [ORNL; Zhang, Zhenyu [ORNL; Eres, Gyula [ORNL; Gu, Baohua [ORNL

    2009-01-01

    We report that mild oxidation of Ti foils in air results in brookite-rich titanium oxide (TiO2) films with similar spectral response to that of dye-sensitized TiO2. X-ray powder diffraction and Raman spectroscopy show that the onset of brookite formation occurs at 500 8C, and the material is characterized by a strong absorption band in the visible spectral range. The first-principle calculations show that enhanced visible light absorption correlates with the presence of Ti interstitials. Photocurrent density measurements of water splitting reveal that the brookite-rich TiO2 exhibits the highest photocatalytic performance among the different forms of TiO2 produced by oxidation of Ti foils. With increasing oxidation temperature transformation to the rutile phase accompanied by declining visible range photoactivity is observed.

  7. Dip-coated TiO2CeO2 films as transparent counter-electrode for transmissive electrochromic devices

    OpenAIRE

    Baudry, Paul; Rodrigues, A. C. M.; Michel A. Aegerter; Bulhoes, Luis O. S.

    1990-01-01

    The dip-coating process is an attractive way for the preparation of thin films used in the field of electrochromism. The scope of the present paper is focused on the TiO2CeO2 compounds since they exhibit a reversible electrochemical insertion of lithium ions maintaining a high optical transmissivity. These films can be used as transparent counter-electrode in an all solid state electrochromic transmissive device with, for example, WO3 as electrochromic material and a lithium conductive po...

  8. High-Quality Fe-doped TiO2 films with Superior Visible-Light Performance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Su, Ren; Bechstein, Ralf; Kibsgaard, Jakob;

    2012-01-01

    for photovoltaic and photocatalysis applications can be controlled by adjusting the electrolyte composition. Compared to Fe-doped TiO2 films prepared with traditional phosphate- or silicate-based electrolytes, our newly synthesised Fe–TiO2 films contain solely Fe dopants, which results in excellent photocatalytic...

  9. Properties of Ultrathin Al2O3-TiO2 Nanolaminate Films for Gate Dielectric Applications Deposited by Plasma-Assisted Atomic Layer Deposition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garces, Nelson; Meyer, David; Nepal, Neeraj; Wheeler, Virginia; Eddy, Charles

    2012-02-01

    High permittivity dielectrics such as Al2O3, HfO2, Ta2O5, TiO2, etc., are an essential component of aggressively-scaled III-V and graphene field effect transistors (FETs) where insulators are necessary to reduce gate leakage current while maintaining high gate capacitance and charge control of the channel. Atomic layer deposition (ALD) has the capability to deposit hybrid films, or nanolaminates, of two or more dielectrics that have unique properties. Thin [Al2O3+TiO2] nanolaminates with varying TiO2 and Al2O3 content were deposited on n-Si substrates at ˜225-300 C using ALD. A nanolaminate is composed of bilayers, defined as the sum of (x)Al2O3 and (y)TiO2, where x, and y indicate the number of times a component monolayer is repeated. While the overall thickness of the dielectric was held at ˜ 17-20 nm, the relative ratio of Al2O3 to TiO2 in the bilayer stack was varied to evaluate changes in the material properties and electrical performance of the oxides. C-V and I-V measurements on various [(x)TiO2+(y)Al2O3] MOS capacitors were taken. The high-TiO2-content films show limited evidence of oxide charge trapping and relatively large dielectric constants (κ˜15), whereas the high-Al2O3-content films offer a larger optical bandgap and improved suppression of leakage current. We will discuss the properties of very thin nanolaminates and their possible use as gate oxides. Morphological, electrical, and XPS composition assessments will be presented.

  10. Uniform deposition of ternary chalcogenide nanoparticles onto mesoporous TiO2 film using liquid carbon dioxide-based coating

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report the simultaneous deposition of two different metal precursors dissolved in liquid carbon dioxide (l-CO2), aiming to the synthesis of ternary chalcopyrite (e.g. CuInS2) nanoparticles on a mesoporous TiO2 film. The l-CO2-based deposition of Cu and In precursors and subsequent reaction with a dilute H2S gas resulted in CuxInySz nanoparticles uniformly deposited across the entire thickness of a mesoporous TiO2 film. Further heat treatment (air annealing and sulfurization) led to the formation of more stoichiometric CuInS2 nanoparticles. The formation of CuInS2 on TiO2 was confirmed by scanning electron microscopy, high resolution transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and Raman spectroscopy. The crystal growth of CuInS2 was also found to be controllable by adjusting the number of coating cycles of the l-CO2-based deposition. - Highlights: • Simultaneous deposition of two different metal precursors dissolved in l-CO2. • Uniform deposition of CuInS2 nanoparticles across mesoporous TiO2 film. • Highly crystalline CuInS2 formed on mesoporous TiO2 film. • Nearly stoichiometric ratio of Cu:In:S was obtained

  11. Nitrogen-doped TiO2 nanotube array films with enhanced photocatalytic activity under various light sources

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highly ordered nitrogen-doped titanium dioxide (N-doped TiO2) nanotube array films with enhanced photocatalytic activity were fabricated by electrochemical anodization, followed by a wet immersion and annealing post-treatment. The morphology, structure and compostition of the N-doped TiO2 nanotube array films were investigated by FESEM, XPS, UV-vis and XRD. The effect of annealing temperature on the morphology, structures, photoelectrochemical property and photo-absorption of the N-doped TiO2 nanotube array films was investigated. Liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry were applied to the analysis of the intermediates coming from the photocatalytic degradation of MO. The experimental results showed that there were four primary intermediates existing in the photocatalytic reaction. Compared with the pure TiO2 nanotube array film, the N-doped TiO2 nanotubes exhibited higher photocatalytic activity in degradating methyl orange into non-toxic inorganic products under both UV and simulated sunlight irradiation.

  12. Dye-sensitized solar cells based on anatase TiO 2 hollow spheres/carbon nanotube composite films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Jiaguo; Fan, Jiajie; Cheng, Bei

    Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) based on anatase TiO 2 hollow spheres (TiO2HS)/multi-walled carbon nanotubes (CNT) nanocomposite films are prepared by a directly mechanical mixing and doctor blade method. The prepared samples are characterized by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, UV-vis absorption spectroscopy and N 2 adsorption-desorption isotherms. The photoelectric conversion performances of the DSSCs based on TiO2HS/CNT composite film electrodes are also compared with commercial-grade Degussa P25 TiO 2 nanoparticles (P25)/CNT composite solar cells at the same film thickness. The results indicate that the photoelectric conversion efficiencies (η) of the TiO2HS/CNT composite DSSCs are dependent on CNT loading in the electrodes. A small amount of CNT clearly enhances DSSC efficiency, while excessive CNT loading significantly lowers their performance. The former is because CNT enhance the transport of electrons from the films to FTO substrates. The latter is due to high CNT loading shielding the visible light from being adsorbed by dyes.

  13. Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells with Anatase TiO2 Nanorods Prepared by Hydrothermal Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ming-Jer Jeng

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The hydrothermal method provides an effective reaction environment for the synthesis of nanocrystalline materials with high purity and well-controlled crystallinity. In this work, we started with various sizes of commercial TiO2 powders and used the hydrothermal method to prepare TiO2 thin films. We found that the synthesized TiO2 nanorods were thin and long when smaller TiO2 particles were used, while larger TiO2 particles produced thicker and shorter nanorods. We also found that TiO2 films prepared by TiO2 nanorods exhibited larger surface roughness than those prepared by the commercial TiO2 particles. It was found that a pure anatase phase of TiO2 nanorods can be obtained from the hydrothermal method. The dye-sensitized solar cells fabricated with TiO2 nanorods exhibited a higher solar efficiency than those fabricated with commercial TiO2 nanoparticles directly. Further, triple-layer structures of TiO2 thin films with different particle sizes were investigated to improve the solar efficiency.

  14. Self-assembly and photoelectric properties of cerium complexes with 3,4,9,10-perylenetetracarboxylic acid on nanocrystalline TiO2 films

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王忠胜; 黄春辉; 李富友; 杨术明; 翁诗甫; 付小艺; 吴念祖; 奎热西; 刘凤琴; 钱海杰

    2001-01-01

    Self-assembled (SA) films (PMP, M = Ce3+ or Ce4+) of 3,4,9,10-perylenetetracarboxylic acid (PTA) on nanocrystalline TiO2 films with Ce3+ or Ce4+ as a bridge were fabricated and characterized with UV-Vis, IR, and XPS synchrotron radiation photoelectron spectroscopy (SRPES) which gave the HOMO energy levels for the SA films. It was shown that thin-layer sandwich-type solar cells based on these SA films possess good properties for photoelectric conversion. While PTA-loaded TiO2 electrode (P) generated 26.9% of incident monochromatic photon-to-electron conversion efficiency (IPCE), PMP-sensitized Ti02 electrodes yielded 55.8% and 39.1% for Ce4+ and Ce3+ respectively. PMP films can be considered as a kind of complexes whose HOMO energy levels were proved to be higher than that of film P, which is one of the major reasons for the increase in IPCE from film P to film PMP.

  15. Low Temperature Coating of Anatase Thin Films on Silica Glass Fibers by Liquid Phase Deposition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Shun; LIU Jiachen; FENG Tiecheng

    2007-01-01

    Uniform crystalline TiO2 thin films were coated on silica glass fibers by liquid phase deposition from aqueous solution of ammonium hexafluorotitanate at low temperature. TiO2 thin films and nanopowders were prepared by adding H3BO3 into (NH4)2TiF6 solution supersaturated with anatase nano-crystalline TiO2 at 40 ℃. The effects of the deposition conditions on the surface morphology, section morphology, thickness of the deposited TiO2 thin films were investigated. The results indicate that the growth rate and particle size of the thin films were controlled by both the deposition conditions and the amount of anatase nano-crystalline TiO2.

  16. Rough gold films as broadband absorbers for plasmonic enhancement of TiO2 photocurrent over 400–800 nm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Furui; Li, Tenghao; Wang, Ning; Lai, Sin Ki; Tsoi, Chi Chung; Yu, Weixing; Zhang, Xuming

    2016-09-01

    Recent years have witnessed an increasing interest in highly-efficient absorbers of visible light for the conversion of solar energy into electrochemical energy. This study presents a TiO2-Au bilayer that consists of a rough Au film under a TiO2 film, which aims to enhance the photocurrent of TiO2 over the whole visible region and may be the first attempt to use rough Au films to sensitize TiO2. Experiments show that the bilayer structure gives the optimal optical and photoelectrochemical performance when the TiO2 layer is 30 nm thick and the Au film is 100 nm, measuring the absorption 80–90% over 400–800 nm and the photocurrent intensity of 15 μA·cm‑2, much better than those of the TiO2-AuNP hybrid (i.e., Au nanoparticle covered by the TiO2 film) and the bare TiO2 film. The superior properties of the TiO2-Au bilayer can be attributed to the rough Au film as the plasmonic visible-light sensitizer and the photoactive TiO2 film as the electron accepter. As the Au film is fully covered by the TiO2 film, the TiO2-Au bilayer avoids the photocorrosion and leakage of Au materials and is expected to be stable for long-term operation, making it an excellent photoelectrode for the conversion of solar energy into electrochemical energy in the applications of water splitting, photocatalysis and photosynthesis.

  17. Films of brookite TiO2 nanorods/nanoparticles deposited by matrix-assisted pulsed laser evaporation as NO2 gas-sensing layers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caricato, A. P.; Buonsanti, R.; Catalano, M.; Cesaria, M.; Cozzoli, P. D.; Luches, A.; Manera, M. G.; Martino, M.; Taurino, A.; Rella, R.

    2011-09-01

    Titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanorods in the brookite phase, with average dimensions of 3-4 nm × 20-50 nm, were synthesized by a wet-chemical aminolysis route and used as precursors for thin films that were deposited by the matrix-assisted pulsed laser evaporation (MAPLE) technique. A nanorod solution in toluene (0.016 wt% TiO2) was frozen at the liquid-nitrogen temperature and irradiated with a KrF excimer laser at a fluence of 350 mJ/cm2 and repetition rate of 10 Hz. Single-crystal Si wafers, silica slides, carbon-coated Cu grids and alumina interdigitated slabs were used as substrates to allow performing different characterizations. Films fabricated with 6000 laser pulses had an average thickness of ˜150 nm, and a complete coverage of the selected substrate as achieved. High-resolution scanning and transmission electron microscopy investigations evidenced the formation of quite rough films incorporating individually distinguishable TiO2 nanorods and crystalline spherical nanoparticles with an average diameter of ˜13 nm. Spectrophotometric analysis showed high transparency through the UV-Vis spectral range. Promising resistive sensing responses to 1 ppm of NO2 mixed in dry air were obtained.

  18. Fabrication of CoTiO3-TiO2 composite films from a heterobimetallic single source precursor for electrochemical sensing of dopamine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ehsan, Muhammad Ali; Naeem, Rabia; Khaledi, Hamid; Sohail, Manzar; Hakeem Saeed, Abbas; Mazhar, Muhammad

    2016-06-21

    Cobalt titanate-titania composite oxide films have been grown on FTO-coated glass substrates using a single-source heterometallic complex [Co2Ti4(μ-O)6(TFA)8(THF)6]·THF () which was obtained in quantitative yield from the reaction of diacetatocobalt(ii) tetrahydrate, tetraisopropoxytitanium(iv), and trifluoroacetic acid from a tetrahydrofuran solution. Physicochemical investigations of complex have been carried out by melting point, FT-IR, thermogravimetric and single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses. CoTiO3-TiO2 films composed of spherical objects of various sizes have been grown from by aerosol-assisted chemical vapor deposition at different temperatures of 500, 550 and 600 °C. Thin films characterized by XRD, Raman and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray analysis have been explored for electrochemical detection of dopamine (DA). The cyclic voltammetry with the CoTiO3-TiO2 electrode showed a DA oxidation peak at +0.215 V while linear sweep voltammetry displayed a detection limit (LoD) of 0.083 μM and a linear concentration range of 20-300 μM for DA. Thus, the CoTiO3-TiO2 electrode is a potential candidate for the sensitive and selective detection of DA. PMID:27230711

  19. The effect of light-scattering layer on the performance of dye-sensitized solar cell assembled using TiO2 double-layered films as photoanodes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, L.; Zhao, Y. L.; Lin, X. P.; Gu, X. Q.; Qiang, Y. H.

    2014-01-01

    Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) are fabricated based on double-layered films of TiO2 nanospheres and TiO2 nanorod arrays (NRAs). TiO2 nanospheres, including TiO2 hollow spheres (HSs) and TiO2 solid spheres (SSs), were served as light-scattering layers on TiO2 NRAs as composite photoanodes. The as-prepared TiO2 NRAs, TiO2 HSs and TiO2 SSs have been characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. The photoelectric properties of DSSCs were investigated by UV-vis reflectance spectra, current-voltage curves and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Owing to the synergic effects of the TiO2 HSs (SSs) and NRAs, including large specific surface area of HSs (SSs) as light-scattering layer for effective dye adsorption and harvesting light and rapid electron transport in one dimensional TiO2 NRAs, the optimal energy conversion efficiency of DSSCs with as-prepared double-layered films as nanocomposite photoanode (5.40%) were far higher than the ones using single-layered NRAs films (1.56%).

  20. Relationships among growth mechanism, structure and morphology of PEALD TiO2 films: the influence of O2 plasma power, precursor chemistry and plasma exposure mode.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiappim, W; Testoni, G E; Doria, A C O C; Pessoa, R S; Fraga, M A; Galvão, N K A M; Grigorov, K G; Vieira, L; Maciel, H S

    2016-07-29

    Titanium dioxide (TiO2) thin films have generated considerable interest over recent years, because they are functional materials suitable for a wide range of applications. The efficient use of the outstanding functional properties of these films relies strongly on their basic characteristics, such as structure and morphology, which are affected by deposition parameters. Here, we report on the influence of plasma power and precursor chemistry on the growth kinetics, structure and morphology of TiO2 thin films grown on Si(100) by plasma-enhanced atomic layer deposition (PEALD). For this, remote capacitively coupled 13.56 MHz oxygen plasma was used to act as a co-reactant during the ALD process using two different metal precursors: titanium tetrachloride (TiCl4) and titanium tetraisopropoxide (TTIP). Furthermore, we investigate the effect of direct plasma exposure during the co-reactant pulse on the aforementioned material properties. The extensive characterization of TiO2 films using Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy, ellipsometry, x-ray diffraction (XRD), field-emission scanning electron microscopy, and atomic force microscopy (AFM) have revealed how the investigated process parameters affect their growth per cycle (GPC), crystallization and morphology. The GPC tends to increase with plasma power for both precursors, however, for the TTIP precursor, it starts decreasing when the plasma power is greater than 100 W. From XRD analysis, we found a good correlation between film crystallinity and GPC behavior, mainly for the TTIP process. The AFM images indicated the formation of films with grain size higher than film thickness (grain size/film thickness ratio ≈20) for both precursors, and plasma power analysis allows us to infer that this phenomenon can be directly related to the increase of the flux of energetic oxygen species on the substrate/growing film surface. Finally, the effect of direct plasma exposure on film structure and morphology was evidenced

  1. Relationships among growth mechanism, structure and morphology of PEALD TiO2 films: the influence of O2 plasma power, precursor chemistry and plasma exposure mode

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiappim, W.; Testoni, G. E.; Doria, A. C. O. C.; Pessoa, R. S.; Fraga, M. A.; Galvão, N. K. A. M.; Grigorov, K. G.; Vieira, L.; Maciel, H. S.

    2016-07-01

    Titanium dioxide (TiO2) thin films have generated considerable interest over recent years, because they are functional materials suitable for a wide range of applications. The efficient use of the outstanding functional properties of these films relies strongly on their basic characteristics, such as structure and morphology, which are affected by deposition parameters. Here, we report on the influence of plasma power and precursor chemistry on the growth kinetics, structure and morphology of TiO2 thin films grown on Si(100) by plasma-enhanced atomic layer deposition (PEALD). For this, remote capacitively coupled 13.56 MHz oxygen plasma was used to act as a co-reactant during the ALD process using two different metal precursors: titanium tetrachloride (TiCl4) and titanium tetraisopropoxide (TTIP). Furthermore, we investigate the effect of direct plasma exposure during the co-reactant pulse on the aforementioned material properties. The extensive characterization of TiO2 films using Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy, ellipsometry, x-ray diffraction (XRD), field-emission scanning electron microscopy, and atomic force microscopy (AFM) have revealed how the investigated process parameters affect their growth per cycle (GPC), crystallization and morphology. The GPC tends to increase with plasma power for both precursors, however, for the TTIP precursor, it starts decreasing when the plasma power is greater than 100 W. From XRD analysis, we found a good correlation between film crystallinity and GPC behavior, mainly for the TTIP process. The AFM images indicated the formation of films with grain size higher than film thickness (grain size/film thickness ratio ≈20) for both precursors, and plasma power analysis allows us to infer that this phenomenon can be directly related to the increase of the flux of energetic oxygen species on the substrate/growing film surface. Finally, the effect of direct plasma exposure on film structure and morphology was evidenced

  2. 胶溶法制备具有自清洁与抗菌性能的TiO2薄膜%Preparation of TiO2 Thin Films with Self-cleaning and Antibacterial Properties by Colloidal Chemical Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊新民; 洪洋; 汪洋

    2013-01-01

    The anatase sol was synthesized by colloidal chemical method and the nanocrystalline TiO2 films were then prepared on glass substrates by the dip-coating method from the anatase sol. XRD,TEM, SEM, AFM and water contact angle were used to characterize the microstructure of TiO2 sol and films. The results showed that the TiO2 sol was anatase with high crystallinity. The TiO2 crystals were needle like and average crystallite size was about 8 nm. The surface of TiO2 flims were smooth and diameter of particles was 86 nm in average. The thickness of three-layer film is approximately ISO nm. Moreover, coating layers had little influence on morphology. The degradation of methylene blue reached 93. 6% when the films prepared at ambient temperature were irradiated by UV light for 80 min, and the photocatalytic activity increased as heat treatment temperature raised. The TiO2 films possessed self-cleaning and antibacterial properties, as well as super hydrophilicity.%采用胶溶法合成了纳米晶锐钛矿溶胶,在玻璃基底上用提拉法制备出TiO2纳米薄膜.使用XRD、TEM、SEM和AFM和接触角等方法对TiO2溶胶和薄膜的结构进行了表征.结果表明,胶溶法合成的TiO2溶胶为锐钛矿型且结晶度较高,TiO2晶粒为针状,平均粒径约为8 nm;TiO2薄膜表面光滑,颗粒平均粒径约为86 nm.3层薄膜的厚度约为150 nm,涂膜层数对膜表面结构形貌影响有限.常温制备出的薄膜经紫外光照80 min,对亚甲基蓝的降解率达到93.6%,其活性随着热处理温度升高而提高.薄膜具备超亲水性,自清洁和抗菌性能.

  3. Effects of Co-addition of DBS and PEG on Wetting Performance of TiO2 Film

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QU Yi-chun; JING Li-qiang; WANG Wen-xin; FU Hong-gang; LIU Yang

    2011-01-01

    Nanocrystalline anatase TiO2 films with indium tin oxide(ITO) coated glass as the film substrate were fabricated through spin-coating technique. The TiO2 pastes were prepared with sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate(DBS)modified TiO2 nanocrystals, synthesized by sol-hydrothermal processes in advance, together with different amounts of polyethylene glycol(PEG) macromolecules. The as-prepared films were mainly characterized by ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy(FE-SEM) and water contact angle(WCA) measurement. Effects of the addition of DBS and PEG on the wetting performance of the resulting films and relevant mechanisms were principally investigated. The results show that the as-prepared film displays super-hydrophilic property after co-addition of DBS and PEG although it is not exposed to ultraviolet light prior to the WCA measurement. This appealing result is mainly attributed to the produced micro- and nanometer-scale hierarchical surface structure with uniformly dispersed micro papillae. Each papilla was made up of a great number of TiO2 nanoparticles.The possible formation mechanisms related to the DBS amphiphilic property of the characteristic surface were also suggested. Moreover, the resulting film also exhibits considerable durability in the superhydrophilicity, which is very useful for practical application in self-cleaning, anti-fogging, and bacteria-resistant fields.

  4. Bolometric properties of reactively sputtered TiO2−x films for thermal infrared image sensors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A heat-sensitive layer (TiO2−x) was successfully deposited by RF reactive magnetron sputtering for infrared (IR) image sensors at different relative mass flow of oxygen gas (R O2) levels. The deposition rate was decreased with an increase in the percentage of R O2 from 3.4% to 3.7%. TiO2−x samples deposited at room temperature exhibited amorphous characteristics. Oxygen deficiency causes a change in the oxidation state and is assumed to decrease the Ti4+ component on the surfaces of TiO2−x films. The oxygen stoichiometry (x) in TiO2−x films decreased from 0.35 to 0.05 with increasing the R O2 level from 3.4% to 3.7%, respectively. In TiO2−x−test-patterned samples, the resistivity decreased with the temperature, confirming the typical semiconducting property. The bolometric properties of the resistivity, temperature coefficient of resistance (TCR), and the flicker (1/ f) noise parameter were determined at different x values in TiO2−x samples. The rate of TCR dependency with regard to the 1/ f noise parameter is a universal bolometric parameter (β), acting as the dynamic element in a bolometer. It is high when a sample has a relatively low resistivity (0.82 Ω·cm) and a lower 1/ f noise parameter (3.16   ×   10−12). The results of this study indicate that reactively sputtered TiO2−x is a viable bolometric material for uncooled IR image sensor devices. (paper)

  5. Enhanced electron transport in mesoporous TiO2 films modified by sol-gel necking for dye-sensitized solar cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    An, Sang-Yeop; Park, Jeong-Hyun; Kim, Jae-Hong; Choi, Chel-Jong; Kim, Hyunsoo; Ahn, Kwang-Soon

    2012-04-01

    Mesoporous TiO2 films modified via sol-gel necking were fabricated by dispersing Ti tetra-isopropoxide (TTIP; 8 to 16 wt% over TiO2) with TiO2 nanoparticles in isopropyl alcohol. The dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) with 13 wt% TTIP-modified TiO2 film exhibited significantly improved overall energy conversion efficiency, despite having less adsorbed dye when compared with DSSCs with untreated and TiCl4 post-treated TiO2 films. The improvement can be attributed to the sol-gel necking (or interconnection) between the nanoparticles which leads to a much faster electron transport and a suppression of the recombination (or back electron transfer) between the TiO2 and electrolyte. PMID:22849132

  6. Growth and structure of MBE grown TiO2 anatase films with rutile nano-crystallites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shao, Rui; Wang, Chong M.; McCready, David E.; Droubay, Timothy C.; Chambers, Scott A.

    2007-03-15

    We have grown TiO2 anatase films with rutile nanocrystalline inclusions using molecular beam epitaxy under different growth conditions. This model system is important for investigating the role of rutile/anatase interfaces in heterogeneous photocatalysis. To control the film structure, we grew a pure anatase (001) layer at a slow rate and then increased the growth rate to drive the nucleation of rutile particles. Structure analysis indicates that the rutile phase has four preferred orientations in the anatase film.

  7. Enhanced photocatalytic activity of TiO2 films by modification with polyethylene glycol

    OpenAIRE

    Álvaro A. Ramírez-Santos; Próspero Acevedo-Peña; Elcy M. Córdoba

    2012-01-01

    Titanium dioxide porous thin films on the Anatase phase were deposited onto glass slides by the sol-gel method assisted with polyethylene glycol (PEG). The dip-coated films were characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA and DTG), UV-visible spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The photocatalytic activity of the films was determined by means of methyl-orange oxidation tests. The resultant PEG-modified films were crack-free and developed a poro...

  8. Double-layered TiO2-SiO2 nanostructured films with self-cleaning and antireflective properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Xintong; Fujishima, Akira; Jin, Ming; Emeline, Alexei V; Murakami, Taketoshi

    2006-12-21

    Dual function of self-cleaning and antireflection can be created in double-layered TiO2-SiO2 nanostructured films. The film were prepared by (1) layer-by-layer deposition of multilayered SiO2 nanoparticles with polydiallyldimethylammonium (PDDA) cations, (2) layer-by-layer deposition of multilayered titanate nanosheets with polications on PDDA/SiO2 multilayer films, and (3) burning out the polymer and converting titanate nanosheets into TiO2 by hearing at 500 degrees C. The as-prepared films, consisting of a porous SiO2 bottom layer and a dense TiO2 top layer, improved the transmittance of glass or quartz substrates, as demonstrated by transmission spectra collected at normal incidence. The photocatalytic properties of the films were studied by the change of the water contact angle together with the decay of the IR absorption of the hydrocarbon chain of octadecylphosphonic-acid-modified films under 2.6 mW cm-2 UV illumination. Both the antireflective and the photocatalytic properties of the films were dependent on the number of PDDA/nanosheet bilayers deposited. however, excellent surface wettability of the films for water was obtained, independent of the preparation conditions. The experimental findings are discussed in terms of the special structure of the double-layered nanostructured film.

  9. UV-Vis and Photoluminescent Spectra of TiO2 Films

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO Qing-nan; LI Chun-ling; LIU Bao-shun; ZHAO Xiu-jian

    2003-01-01

    TiO2 films have been deposited on glass substrates using DC reactive magnetron sputtering at different oxygen partial pressures from 0.10Pa to 0.65Pa.The transmittance (UV-vis) and photoluminescence (PL) spectra of the films were recorded.The results of the UV-vis spectra show that the deposition rate of the films decreased at oxygen partial pressure P(O2)≥0.15Pa,the band gap increased from 3.48eV to 3.68eV for direct transition and from 3.27eV to 3.34eV for indirect transition with increasing the oxygen partial pressure.The PL spectra show convincingly that the transtion for films was indirect,and there were some oxygen defect energy levels at the band gap of the films.With increasing the O2 partial pressure,the defect energy levels decreased.For the films sputtered at 0.35 and 0.65Pa there were two defect energy levels at 2.63eV and 2.41eV,corresponding to 0.72eV and 0.94eV below the conduction band for a band gap of 3.35eV,respectively.For the films sputtered at 0.10Pa and 0.15Pa,there was an energy band formed between 3.12eV and 2.06eV,corresponding to 0.23eV and 1.29eV below the conduction band.

  10. 基于介孔TiO2薄膜等离子体波导的拉曼光谱技术研究∗%Raman sp ectroscopy based on plasmon waveguide prepared with mesop orous TiO2 thin film

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万秀美; 陈晨; 范智博; 逯丹凤; 高然; 祁志美

    2016-01-01

    Plasmon waveguides (PW) were prepared by coating sol-gel copolymer templated mesoporous TiO2 film on gold layer sputtered on glass substrate. The cross-sectional imaging with a scanning electron microscope indicates that the gold and mesoporous TiO2 films are 40 nm and 275 nm thick, respectively. The PW resonance wavelengths at different incident angles were measured with the Kretschmann configuration and also calculated based on Fresnel equations. The porosity of TiO2 film was determined to be 0.589 by fitting the calculated values to the corresponding experimental data. For optimizing Raman spectroscopy application of the PW, angular distribution of the power density from molecular dipole located within the mesoporous TiO2 film was calculated based on optical reciprocity theorem. The results show that Raman light emitting into the substrate includes the directional signal propagating at the guided-mode-resonance angle and the non-directional signal with the emission angles being smaller than the critical angle at the gold/glass interface. The non-directional signal can be directly detected from the backside of the substrate while a prism coupler is needed to detect the directional Raman signal. The backscattered Raman signal is divergent and is almost unaffected by the prism coupler. The highest power of the directional Raman signal is much larger than those of the non-directional and the backscattered Raman signals. The PW-based Raman spectroscopy for crystal violet molecules adsorbed in the mesoporous TiO2 film was experimentally studied using a 532-nm laser beam at normal incidence. As theoretically expected, the directional and non-directional and backscattered Raman signals were detected, and the peak intensity of the directional Raman signal is 2 times higher than that of the non-directional Raman signal, and the backscattered Raman signal detected in the presence of the prism coupler is as same as that in the absence of the prism coupler. The work is

  11. Tuning the optical bandgap of TiO2-TiN composite films as photocatalyst in the visible light

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zheng Xie

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available TiO2-TiN composite catalysts were prepared by oxidizing the TiN films in air at 350 °C. By adjusting the oxidation time to control the oxidation stage of TiN films, the optical band gap of the TiO2-TiN composites can be varied in a wide range from 1.68 eV to 3.23 eV. These composite films all showed red shift in photo-response towards the visible region, and depending on the optical band gap, some composite films exhibited good catalytic activity in the visible light region. This study provides a simple but effective method to prepare film photocatalyst working in visible light.

  12. TiO2 nanotube formation by Ti film anodization and their transport properties for dye-sensitized solar cells

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Iraj, M.; Kolahdouz, M.; Asl-Soleimani, E.; Esmaeili, E.; Kolahdouz Esfahani, Z.

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we present the synthesis of TiO2 nanotube (NT) arrays formed by anodization of Ti film deposited on a fluorine-doped tin oxide-coated glass substrate by direct current magnetron sputtering. NH4F/ethylene glycol electrolyte was used to demonstrate the growth of stable nanotubes at room

  13. Existence, release, and antibacterial actions of silver nanoparticles on Ag–PIII TiO2 films with different nanotopographies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li J

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Jinhua Li, Yuqin Qiao, Hongqin Zhu, Fanhao Meng, Xuanyong Liu State Key Laboratory of High Performance Ceramics and Superfine Microstructure, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China Abstract: Nanotopographical TiO2 films (including nanorod, nanotip, and nanowire topographies were successfully fabricated on the metallic Ti surface via hydrothermal treatment and then underwent Ag plasma immersion ion implantation to incorporate Ag with TiO2. The surface morphology, phase component, and chemical composition before and after Ag–PIII were characterized. In view of the potential clinical applications, both Gram-negative Escherichia coli and Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus were used to estimate their antimicrobial effect. The nanostructured TiO2 films on a Ti surface exhibit a better bacteriostatic effect on both microbes compared to the pristine Ti. The nanotopographies of the TiO2 films affect the nucleation, growth, and distribution of Ag nanoparticles in the films during Ag–PIII process. The Ag nanoparticles are completely embedded into the nanorod film while partially exposed out of the nanotip and nanowire films, which account for the significant differences in the release behaviors of Ag ions in vitro. However, no significant difference exists in their antimicrobial activity against both microbes. The antimicrobial actions of the Ag@TiO2 system described here consist of two methods – the contact-killing action and the release-killing action. Nevertheless, based on the observed results, the contact-killing action should be regarded as the main method to destroy microbes for all the Ag plasma-modified TiO2 nanofilms. This study provides insight to optimize the surface design of Ti-based implants to acquire more effective antimicrobial surfaces to meet clinical applications. Keywords: silver, nanoparticles, titania, nanostructure, antibacterial, plasma

  14. Structure and photoluminescence of the TiO2 films grown by atomic layer deposition using tetrakis-dimethylamino titanium and ozone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Chunyan; Liu, Ben; Lei, Zhongxiang; Sun, Jiaming

    2015-01-01

    TiO2 films were grown on silicon substrates by atomic layer deposition (ALD) using tetrakis-dimethylamino titanium and ozone. Amorphous TiO2 film was deposited at a low substrate temperature of 165°C, and anatase TiO2 film was grown at 250°C. The amorphous TiO2 film crystallizes to anatase TiO2 phase with annealing temperature ranged from 300°C to 1,100°C in N2 atmosphere, while the anatase TiO2 film transforms into rutile phase at a temperature of 1,000°C. Photoluminescence from anatase TiO2 films contains a red band at 600 nm and a green band at around 515 nm. The red band exhibits a strong correlation with defects of the under-coordinated Ti(3+) ions, and the green band shows a close relationship with the oxygen vacancies on (101) oriented anatase crystal surface. A blue shift of the photoluminescence spectra reveals that the defects of under-coordinated Ti(3+) ions transform to surface oxygen vacancies in the anatase TiO2 film annealing at temperature from 800°C to 900°C in N2 atmosphere.

  15. Photoelectric Properties of Mo Doped TiO2 Thin Films Deposited by DC Reactive Magnetron Sputtering%直流反应磁控溅射制备的Mo掺杂TiO2薄膜的光电特性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜秉熙; 罗胜耘; 沈杰

    2012-01-01

    Nanocrystalline TiO? Thin films doped with different concentrations of Mo were deposited by direct current (DC) reactive magnetron sputtering. The influence of Mo on surfaces, crystal structures, the valence states of elements and the absorption band of Mo doped TiO2 films were characterized by means of atomic force microscopy (AFM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and Ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy (UV-Vis). To investigate the photoelectric characteristic of ITO (indium tin oxide)/Mo-TiO2 electrodes, a series of cyclic voltammetry experiments were conducted. The results indicate that an appropriate amount of Mo atoms, observed as Mo6* and Mo5* by XPS, could inhibit the crystal growth of particles, enhance the surface roughness of the Mo doped TiO2 thin film, and bring about a remarkable red shift of the absorption spectra. As the concentration of Mo increased, the energy gap declined at first until the amount of doped Mo eventually reached 3.6% (n(Mo)/n(Ti)), when a blue shift of spectra resulted and the energy gap grew wider. The sample doped with 0.9% Mo was irradiated with a Xe lamp and showed the highest photocurrent, which continued to increase with increasing voltage exerted on the anode. An increase in Mo concentration resulted in a decrease in photocurrent. Compared to the pure TiO2 film, the sample with 3.6% Mo had a much lower photocurrent. Our experiments demonstrate that Mo doping, when the concentration was controlled under a relatively low limit, brought about a significant improvement of the photoelectric properties of the TiO3 films. The highest photocurrent observed is 2.4 times that of the sample with no Mo doping.%通过直流反应磁控溅射制备了不同Mo掺杂量的Mo-TiO2薄膜.用原子力显微镜(AFM)、X射线衍射(XRD)仪、X射线光电子能谱(XPS)仪、紫外-可见(UV-Vis)分光光度计详细研究了Mo掺杂量对薄膜表面形貌、晶体结构、元素价态及吸收带边的影响.用

  16. The directed preparation of TiO2 nanotubes film on FTO substrate via hydrothermal method for gas sensing application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pham Van Viet

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available In this research, we directly synthesized TiO2 nanotubes film on Fluorine doped Tin oxide (FTO substrate via hydrothermal method from commercial TiO2 in NaOH solution at 135 ℃ for 24 hours. The samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD pattern, field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM and transmitting electron microscopy (TEM. The average diameter of TiO2 nanotubes (TNTs is about 10–12 nm and their length is about a few hundred nanometers. The sensitivity ability of TNTs increases as the gas concentration increases and developing to the highest sensitivity of TNTs is 2.4 at 700 ppm of the ethanol concentration. The same as the gas concentration, the sensitivity of TNTs increases when the temperature increases. Besides, the sensitivity of samples at 250 ℃ is doubled compared to samples determined at 100 ℃.

  17. Influence of Yb-Doped Nanoporous TiO2 Films on Photovoltaic Performance of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Wei-Wei; DAI Song-Yuan; HU Lin-Hua; LIANG Lin-Yun; WANG Kong-Jia

    2006-01-01

    @@ Yb-doped TiO2 pastes with different Yb/TiO2 weight ratios are prepared in the sol-gel process to obtain dyesensitized solar cells (DSCs). The nanocrystalline size of Yb-TiO2 becomes smaller and the lattice parameters change. Lattice distortion is observed and dark current is detected. It is found that a part of Yb existing as insulating oxide Yb2Oa state acts as barrier layers at the electrode-electrolyte interface to suppress charge recombination. A Yb-doped TiO2 electrode applied in DSCs leads to a higher open-circuit voltage and a higher fill factor. How the Yb-doped TiO2 films affect the photovoltaic response of DSCs is discussed.

  18. Self-Cleaning Effect of Solid Immersion Lens Using Photocatalyst TiO2 Film for Near-Field Recording

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong, Hyun-Guk; Kim, Young-Joo

    2008-07-01

    A novel approach using the self-cleaning effect of photocatalyst TiO2 film was proposed and studied experimentally to solve the critical contamination issues in solid immersion lens (SIL) based near-field recording (NFR). To evaluate the feasibility of the self-cleaning approach, the surface of a hemispherical (half-ball) SIL and a glass disk were coated with TiO2 film which constituted the final layer of an antireflection (AR) coating for better optical transmittance. The hydrophilic property of the TiO2-coated SIL and disk was confirmed by the contact angle measurement with deionized water after thermal treatment to form an anatase structure and by the irradiation of UV light. To determine the effectiveness of the self-cleaning effect, a removal test was conducted with different contaminants such as a fingerprint and laser toner particles. The effects of the wavelength and intensity of UV light were tested over a range of irradiation times. The air flow during the rotation of the disk was also helpful for removing the contaminants. From the experimental results, it was confirmed that the self-cleaning effect of photocatalyst TiO2 film is very effective for removing organic contaminants from the surfaces of an SIL and disk, which means that this approach can be applied to SIL-based NFR systems.

  19. Effect of Aging Time and Film Thickness on the Photoelectrochemical Properties of TiO2 Sol-Gel Photoanodes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Regonini

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This work has focused on the investigation of a non-aqueous based sol-gel process to produce TiO2 based photoelectrodes for solar water splitting. In particular, the effect of the aging time of the sol and TiO2 film thickness on the photoelectrochemical properties of the photoanodes has been investigated. In order to achieve optimal performances (i.e., photocurrent density up to 570 µA/cm2 and IPCE of 26% at 300 nm, the sol needs to be aged for 3 to 6 h, before being dip-coated to produce the photoanodes. The importance of the aging time can also be appreciated from the optical properties of the TiO2 films; the absorbance threshold of the sol-gel aged for 3–6 h is slightly shifted towards longer wavelenghts in comparison to 0 h aging. Aging is necessary to build up a well-interconnected sol-gel network which finally leads to a photoelectrode with optimized light absorption and electron collection properties. This is also confirmed by the higher IPCE signal of aged photoelectrodes, especially below 340 nm. Among thicknesses considered, there is no apparent significant difference in the photoresponse (photocurrent density and IPCE of the TiO2 sol-gel films.

  20. Synthesis and characterization of erbium-doped SiO2-TiO2 thin films prepared by sol-gel and dip-coating techniques onto commercial glass substrates as a route for obtaining active GRadient-INdex materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this work, SiO2-TiO2 films doped with erbium were prepared by dip-coating sol-gel process onto commercial glass substrates. The surface morphology of the films was characterized using atomic force microscopy, while thickness, refractive index, extinction coefficient and porosity of the films were determined by ellipsometric measurements in a wavelength region of 400-1000 nm. Optical constants and porosity were found to vary with erbium concentration. The proof of principle presented in this paper is applicable to systems of different nature by tailoring the sol-gel precursors in such a way that active GRadient-INdex media described by a complex, parabolic-like refractive index distribution for beam shaping purposes is obtained. - Highlights: • Sol-gel route for preparation of active GRadient-INdex materials is proposed. • SiO2-TiO2 films doped with erbium were prepared by dipping onto commercial glasses. • Morphological and optical characterization of the samples was performed. • Optical constants and porosity were found to vary with erbium concentration. • Refractive index diminishes with dopant content; the contrary occurs for porosity

  1. CdSxSe1−x alloyed quantum dots-sensitized solar cells based on different architectures of anodic oxidation TiO2 film

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nanostructured TiO2 translucent films with different architectures including TiO2 nanotube (NT), TiO2 nanowire (NW), and TiO2 nanowire/nanotube (NW/NT) have been produced by second electrochemical oxidization of TiO2 NT with diameter around 90–110 nm via modulation of applied voltage. These TiO2 architectures are sensitized with CdSxSe1−x alloyed quantum dots (QDs) in sizes of around 3–5 nm aiming to tune the response of the photoelectrochemical properties in the visible region. One-step hydrothermal method facilitates the deposition of CdSxSe1−x QDs onto TiO2 films. These CdSxSe1−x QDs exhibit a tunable range of light absorption with changing the feed molar ratio of S:Se in precursor solution, and inject electrons into TiO2 films upon excitation with visible light, enabling their application as photosensitizers in sensitized solar cells. Power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 2.00, 1.72, and 1.06 % are achieved with CdSxSe1−x (obtained with S:Se = 0:4) alloyed QDs sensitized solar cells based on TiO2 NW/NT, TiO2 NW, and TiO2 NT architectures, respectively. The significant enhancement of power conversion efficiency obtained with the CdSxSe1−x/TiO2 NW/NT solar cell can be attributed to the extended absorption of light region tuned by CdSxSe1−x alloyed QDs and enlarged deposition of QDs and efficient electrons transport provided by TiO2 NW/NT architecture

  2. Soporte de Nuevas Películas de TiO2 y TiO2/SiO2 sobre Gránulos de Poliéster para Aplicación en Fotocatálisis Support of New TiO2 and TiO2/SiO2 Films on Polyester Granules for Photocatalytic Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan M Marín

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Películas de TiO2 o TiO2/SiO2 fueron soportadas sobre gránulos de poliéster usando mecanismos de difusión y posterior tratamiento térmico a 100ºC. Se emplearon dos clases de geles. El primero fue preparado usando diferentes cantidades de TiO2, cloruro de metileno y silicona líquida. El segundo fue obtenido por medio del método sol-gel, empleado para producir una matriz de sílice a partir de la hidrólisis el tetraetilo ortosilicato, en un medio orgánico de 2-propanol, en el cual se dispersó el fotocatalizador. Los precursores de cada sistema fueron agregados en diferentes relaciones para determinar su influencia en la estabilidad, propiedades y fotoactividad de las películas. La actividad fotocatalítica fue evaluada en la fotodegradación de metanol en fase gaseosa. Los resultados muestran la producción de materiales con alta resistencia, funcionalidad y actividad así como una fuerte relación entre la actividad fotocatalítica con las propiedades fisicoquímicas.Films of TiO2 and of TiO2/SiO2 were supported on polyester granules using a diffusion mechanism and a posterior thermal treatment to 100ºC. Two kinds of gels were used. The first one was prepared using different amounts of TiO2, methylene chloride and liquid silicone. The second one used the sol-gel method to produce a silica matrix by adding tetraethyl orthosilicate, water and 2- propanol. After that the photocatalyst was dispersed in the gel. The precursors of each system were added in different amounts to determine their influence in the stability, properties and photoactivity of the films. The photocatalytic activity was tested in the methanol photodegradation in gas phase. The results show the production of materials with high resistance, functionality and activity as well as a strong dependence between the photocatalityc activity and efficiency with the physicochemical properties of the films.

  3. Thin Films

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Benmouss

    2003-01-01

    the optical absorption are consistent with the film color changes. Finally, the optical and electrochromic properties of the films prepared by this method are compared with those of our sputtered films already studied and with other works.

  4. Synergistic reinforcing effect of TiO2 and montmorillonite on potato starch nanocomposite films: Thermal, mechanical and barrier properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oleyaei, Seyed Amir; Almasi, Hadi; Ghanbarzadeh, Babak; Moayedi, Ali Akbar

    2016-11-01

    In this study, ternary potato starch (PS) bionanocomposite films containing two types of nanoparticles, sodium montmorillonite (MMT), one-dimensional (1D) clay platelets, (3 and 5wt%) and TiO2, three-dimensional (3D) nanospheres, (0.5, 1 and 2wt%), are prepared using solvent casting method. X-ray diffraction (XRD) test confirms the completely exfoliated structure formed in the PS-MMT nanocomposites containing 3 and 5% MMT. The success of the formation of new hydrogen bonds between the hydroxyl groups of starch and nanofillers is confirmed by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. Tensile strength (TS), elongation at break (EB), glass transition temperature (Tg), and melting point (Tm) of the films are also enhanced after MMT and TiO2 incorporation. The water vapor permeability (WVP) and the visible, UVA, UVB and UVC lights transmittance decreases upon TiO2 and MMT content increasing. Generally, a synergistic effect is observed between MMT and TiO2 at lower concentrations of MMT. PMID:27516271

  5. Treating dye wastewater by TiO2 coated on coal cinder

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Jian-hua; WANG Hai-jun

    2009-01-01

    We investigated the photocatalytic degradation of dye wastewater by using titanium dioxide (TiO2) coated on a coal cinder. The coal cinder was used as the carrier, with a thin film of TiO2 coated on it by using the sol-gel method. Using the Congo red as the model pollutant for dye wastewater, we studied the decolorization efficiency, and effects of TiO2 film thickness and roasting temperature on the efficiency. We also evaluated the recycling and regeneration of the immobilized TiO2 (TiO2/cinder). Results show that the decolorization rate of Congo red solution was more than 98% after 2 h treatment when we used TiO2/cinder calcined at 500 °C for 2 h and coated four times as the photocatalyst. At the same time, the TiO2/cinder remained high catalytic activity after being reused and regenerated for many times.

  6. Photoelectrochemical characterization and photocatalytic properties of mesoporous TiO2/ZrO2 films

    OpenAIRE

    Natalie Smirnova; Yuriy Gnatyuk; Anna Eremenko; Gennadiy Kolbasov; Vera Vorobetz; Irina Kolbasova; Olga Linyucheva

    2006-01-01

    Optically transparent, crack-free mesoporous titania and zirconia-doped titania thin film photocatalysts were fabricated by sol-gel technique, using nonionic amphiphilic block copolymer Pluronic P123 as template. The structural and optical properties of these films were characterized using SEM, low-angle XRD, and UV/Vis spectroscopy, hexane adsorption investigation. Band gap energy and the position of flatband potentials were estimated by photoelectrochemical measurements...

  7. Characterization of TiO2/Ta2O5 Films Synthesized by Ion Beam on NiTi Alloy for Biomedical Applications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jingxiao LIU; Jihua CHEN; Dazhi YANG; Weiqiang WANG; Yinong WANG; Yingji CAI

    2001-01-01

    The biocompatibility of implants is determined by their corrosion resistance and surface characteristics. in this study, the surface composition, morphology and microstructure of TiO2/Ta2O5 films synthesized by ion beam enhanced deposition on NiTi alloy were studied. The scratch test results indicate that the interface adhesive strength of TiO2/Ta2O5 film increases with the increasing Ta content. The electrochemical corrosion measurement shows that the TiO2-36%Ta2O5 film is optimal for improving corrosion resistance of NiTi alloy.

  8. Electronic properties of atomic layer deposition films, anatase and rutile TiO2 studied by resonant photoemission spectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Das, C.; Richter, M.; Tallarida, M.; Schmeisser, D.

    2016-07-01

    The TiO2 films are prepared by atomic layer deposition (ALD) method using titanium isopropoxide precursors at 250 °C and analyzed using resonant photoemission spectroscopy (resPES). We report on the Ti2p and O1s core levels, on the valence band (VB) spectra and x-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) data, and on the resonant photoelectron spectroscopy (resPES) profiles at the O1s and the Ti3p absorption edges. We determine the elemental abundance, the position of the VB maxima, the partial density of states (PDOS) in the VB and in the conduction band (CB) and collect these data in a band scheme. In addition, we analyze the band-gap states as well as the intrinsic states due to polarons and charge-transfer excitations. These states are found to cause multiple Auger decay processes upon resonant excitation. We identify several of these processes and determine their relative contribution to the Auger signal quantitatively. As our resPES data allow a quantitative analysis of these defect states, we determine the relative abundance of the PDOS in the VB and in CB and also the charge neutrality level. The anatase and rutile polymorphs of TiO2 are analyzed in the same way as the TiO2 ALD layer. The electronic properties of the TiO2 ALD layer are compared with the anatase and rutile polymorphs of TiO2. In our comparative study, we find that ALD has its own characteristic electronic structure that is distinct from that of anatase and rutile. However, many details of the electronic structure are comparable and we benefit from our spectroscopic data and our careful analysis to find these differences. These can be attributed to a stronger hybridization of the O2p and Ti3d4s states for the ALD films when compared to the anatase and rutile polymorphs.

  9. Effects of SiO_2 and TiO_2 on resistance stabilities of flexible indium-tin-oxide films prepared by ion assisted deposition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Yuqiong; YU Zhinong; WANG Wuyu; FAN Yuejiang; DING Zhao; XUE Wei

    2009-01-01

    Inorganic buffer layers such as SiO_2 or TiO_2 and transparent conductive indium-tin-oxide (ITO) films were prepared on polyethylene terephthalate (PET) substrates by ion assisted deposition (LAD) at room temperature, and the effects of SiO_2 and TiO_2 on the bending resis-tance performance of flexible ITO films were investigated. The results show that ITO films with SiO_2 or TiO_2 buffer layer have better resis-tance stabihties compared to ones without the buffer layer when the ITO films are inwards bent at a bending radius more than 1.2 cm and when the ITO films are outwards bent at a bending radius from 0.8 cm to 1.2 cm. ITO films with SiO_2 buffer layer have better resistance sta-bilities compared to ones with TiO_2 buffer layer after the ITO Films are bent several hundreds of cycles at the same bending radius, for the adhesion of SiO_2 is stronger than that of TiO_2. The compressive stress resulted from inward bending leads to the formation of more defects in the ITO films compared with the tensile stress arising from outward bending. SiO_2 and TiO_2 buffer layers can effectively improve the crystal-linity of ITO films in (400), (440) directions.

  10. Enhanced photocatalytic activity of TiO2 films by modification with polyethylene glycol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro A. Ramírez-Santos

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Titanium dioxide porous thin films on the Anatase phase were deposited onto glass slides by the sol-gel method assisted with polyethylene glycol (PEG. The dip-coated films were characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA and DTG, UV-visible spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction (XRD. The photocatalytic activity of the films was determined by means of methyl-orange oxidation tests. The resultant PEG-modified films were crack-free and developed a porous structure after calcination at 500 °C. Photo-oxidation tests showed the dependency of catalytic activity of the films on the number of layers (thickness and porosity, i.e. of the interfacial area.

  11. A vapor phase hydrothermal modification method converting a honeycomb structured hybrid film into photoactive TiO2 film.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Huijun; Shen, Yanming; Zhang, Shanqing; Zhang, Haimin

    2009-09-15

    Transforming an organic/inorganic hybrid material into a pure inorganic material without losing its original structure is of interest for a range of applications. In this work, a simple and effective vapor phase hydrothermal method was developed to transform a 3D honeycomb structured PS/TTIP hybrid film into a photoactive TiO2 film without dismantling the originally templated 3D structure. The method utilizes the vapor phase hydrothermal process to create titania network/clusters with sufficient mechanical strength via the formation of Ti-oxo bridges. The organic components of the sample can be removed by means of pyrolysis while perfectly maintaining the original 3D honeycomb structure. The resultant film can be directly used for photocatalysis applications and could be further modified for other applications. In principle, this method can be used to preserve 3D structures of other organic/inorganic hybrid films during their conversion to pure inorganic films via a pyrolysis process, if mechanically strong networks can be formed as a result of hydrolysis reactions. The ability to preserve the preferred 3D structure during the subsequent conversion processes enables realization of the full benefit of unique architectures created by a templating method. PMID:19496571

  12. Nanoscale TiO2 films and their application in remediation of organic pollutants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Photocatalysis is an advanced process for treatment of air, wastewater, and drinking water, the primary advantage being its ability to mineralize many pollutants. Among several nanoscale arrangements of photocatalysts, there has been a strong push to develop them as thin films be...

  13. Effect of Isopropanol on Microstructure and Activity of TiO2 Films with Dominant {001} Facets for Photocatalytic Degradation of Bezafibrate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murtaza Sayed

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Titanium dioxide (TiO2 films with dominant {001} facets coated on a titanium sheet (Ti were synthesized with the simple hydrothermal method by using Ti as the precursor and substrate. The effect of addition of isopropanol into the hydrothermal solution on the structure, photocatalytic activity, and stability of as-synthesized TiO2 films was investigated. The presence of isopropanol obviously influenced the microstructure of as-synthesized TiO2 films, which was converted from microspheres into irregular close stack of truncated tetrahedrons. And the percentage of exposed {001} facets calculated from the Raman spectra increased from 48.2% to 57%. Accordingly, the TiO2 films prepared with addition of isopropanol showed high and stable photocatalytic activity, which is nearly 2.6 times as that of the conventional P25 TiO2 coated on Ti-substrate. In addition, the photocatalytic activity of as-synthesized TiO2 films was greatly enhanced after calcination treatment at 600°C, which can be attributed to removal of fluoride ions and organic residuals adsorbed on the surface of the catalyst. Photoluminescence (PL technique was used for the detection of produced hydroxyl radicals (•OH on the surface of UV-illuminated TiO2 using terephthalic acid as probe molecule. The photocatalytic degradation intermediates of bezafibrate were analyzed by an ultraperformance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS, and accordingly the degradation pathways were proposed.

  14. Comparative Study of Two Different TiO2 Film Sensors on Response to H2 under UV Light and Room Temperature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peng, Xiaoying; Wang, Zhongming; Huang, Pan; Chen, Xun; Fu, Xianzhi; Dai, Wenxin

    2016-01-01

    An anatase TiO2 film sensor was prepared by a facile in-situ method on the interdigitated Au electrode deposited on the alumina substrate. The structure, morphology and the optical properties of the in-situ TiO2 film sensor were characterized by X-ray diffraction, Scanning Electron Microscopy, and UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectra. The photo-assisted gas sensitivities of the prepared film towards H2 gas were evaluated at room temperature in N2 and synthetic air atmospheres. As compared to TiO2 film sensor prepared by drop-coating method, this in-situ TiO2 film sensor exhibited a more compact structure composed of uniform TiO2 microspheres as well as a better gas sensitivity towards H2 under UV irradiation, especially in synthetic air. The photo-electrochemical measurements suggest that these improvements may be associated with the efficient charge transfer in the TiO2 interface induced by the TiO2 microsphere structure. This study might offer a feasible approach to develop photo-assisted gas sensors at ambient temperature. PMID:27509502

  15. Influences of alcoholic solvents on spray pyrolysis deposition of TiO2 blocking layer films for solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Influences of alcoholic solvents for titanium diisopropoxide bis(acetylacetonate) (TPA) precursor solutions on the spray pyrolysis deposited TiO2 films and the photovoltaic performance of the solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells (SDSCs) using these TiO2 films as the blocking layers were investigated. Smooth TiO2 films were obtained by spray pyrolysis deposition of a TPA solution in isopropanol (IPA) at a relatively low temperature of 260 °C. On the other hand, when ethanol was used as solvent, the TiO2 films fabricated at the same temperature showed much rougher surfaces with many pinholes. Our results showed that ethanol reacts with TPA to form titanium diethoxide bis(acetylacetonate) (TEA), which requires a higher thermal decomposition temperature than that of TPA. SDSCs with TiO2 blocking layer films fabricated using a TPA solution in IPA showed higher power conversion efficiencies with smaller variations. - Graphical abstract: Alcoholic solvents used for the TiO2 precursor play a critical role in determining the surface morphology of blocking layers and thus the photovoltaic performance of the SDSCs. Highlights: ► Solvent influences morphology of spray pyrolysis deposited TiO2 blocking layer. ► Ethanol reacts with TPA, resulting poor quality of blocking layer. ► Isopropanol is better than ethanol for obtaining smooth blocking layer. ► SDSC with blocking layer made with isopropanol showed better performance.

  16. Tuning the Optical Properties of Mesoporous TiO2 Films by Nanoscale Engineering

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schwenzer, Birgit; Wang, Liang; Swensen, James S.; Padmaperuma, Asanga B.; Silverman, Gary; Korotkov, Roman; Gaspar, Daniel J.

    2012-07-03

    Introducing mesoscale pores into spincoated titanium dioxide films, prepared by spincoating different sol-gel precursor solutions on silicon substrates and subsequent annealing at 350 C, 400 C or 450 C, respectively, affects several optical properties of the material. The change in refractive index observed for different mesoporous anatase films directly correlates with changes in pore size, but is also in a more complex manner influenced by the film thickness and the density of pores within the films. Additionally, the band gap of the films is blueshifted by the stress the introduction of pores exerts on the inorganic matrix. The differently sized pores were templated by Pluronic{reg_sign} block copolymers in the solgel solutions and tuned by employing different annealing temperatures for the film preparation. This study focused on elucidating the effect different templating materials (F127 and P123) have on the pore size of the final mesoporous titania film, and on understanding the relation of varying polymer concentration (taking P123 as an example) in the sol-gel solution to the pore concentration and size in the resultant titania film. Titania thin film samples or corresponding titanium dioxide powders were characterized by X-ray diffraction, nitrogen adsorption, ellipsometery, UV/Vis spectrometry and other techniques to understand the interplay between mesoporosity and optical properties.

  17. Microwave irradiation induced band gap tuning of MoS2-TiO2 nanocomposites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shakya, Jyoti; Mohanty, T.

    2016-05-01

    The MoS2-TiO2 nanocomposites have been synthesized by sol-gel method and characterized by different microscopic and spectroscopic techniques. The crystallinity of these nanocomposites has been confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. The Raman spectrum of MoS2-TiO2 nanocomposites consists of three distinct peaks (E1 g, E1 2g and A1g) which are associated with TiO2 and MoS2. The morphological study is carried out by scanning electron microscope. The effect of microwave irradiation on the band gap of MoS2-TiO2 nanocomposites has been investigated; it is observed that the microwave irradiation causes decrease in the band gap of MoS2-TiO2 nanocomposites. The microwave treated MoS2-TiO2 thin films offers a novel process route in treating thin films for commercial applications.

  18. Mechanism and behaviors of Cr3+-doped TiO2

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Jian-hua; WANG Xiao-lin; GONG Zhu-qing

    2005-01-01

    TiO2 powder and TiO2 thin film on the surface of glazed ceramic tile were prepared by sol-gel method.The influences of different doping Cr3+ concentration on the photocatalytic activity of TiO2 were discussed, UV-visible and X-ray diffraction analysis were used to test the performance of TiO2 powder and film. The results indicate that photocatalytic activity of doping Cr3+-TiO2 thin film is higher than that of powder, and the interaction between Cr3+-doped and substrate can greatly enhance the photocatalytic activity. The results of X-ray diffraction and photoabsorption show that the Cr3+ -doped energy level in TiO2 is 0. 62 eV high from the top of valence band, which belongs to the type of deep energy level doping. On the basis of the semiconductor energy level theory and Cr3+ dopant energy level, the semiconductor energy level model of Cr3+ in TiO2 powder and thin film were established, and the doping mechanisms of Cr3+-doped in TiO2 powder and thin film were analyzed.

  19. CdS/CdSe Co-sensitized Solar Cells Based on Hierarchically Structured SnO2/TiO2 Hybrid Films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Zeng; Wei, Chaochao; Li, Shengjun; Diao, Chunli; Li, Wei; Kong, Wenping; Zhang, Zhenlong; Zhang, Weifeng

    2016-06-01

    SnO2 nanosheet-structured films were prepared on a fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) substrate using ZnO nanosheet as template. The as-prepared SnO2 nanosheets contained plenty of nano-voids and were generally vertical to the substrate. TiO2 nanoparticles were homogeneously deposited into the intervals between the SnO2 nanosheets to prepare a hierarchically structured SnO2/TiO2 hybrid film. The hybrid films were co-sensitized with CdS and CdSe quantum dots. The sensitized solar cells assembled with the SnO2/TiO2 hybrid film showed much higher photoelectricity conversion efficiency than the cells assembled with pure TiO2 films. The lifetime of photoinduced electron was also investigated through electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, which showed that the SnO2/TiO2 hybrid film electrode is as long as the TiO2 film electrode.

  20. CdS/CdSe Co-sensitized Solar Cells Based on Hierarchically Structured SnO2/TiO2 Hybrid Films.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Zeng; Wei, Chaochao; Li, Shengjun; Diao, Chunli; Li, Wei; Kong, Wenping; Zhang, Zhenlong; Zhang, Weifeng

    2016-12-01

    SnO2 nanosheet-structured films were prepared on a fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) substrate using ZnO nanosheet as template. The as-prepared SnO2 nanosheets contained plenty of nano-voids and were generally vertical to the substrate. TiO2 nanoparticles were homogeneously deposited into the intervals between the SnO2 nanosheets to prepare a hierarchically structured SnO2/TiO2 hybrid film. The hybrid films were co-sensitized with CdS and CdSe quantum dots. The sensitized solar cells assembled with the SnO2/TiO2 hybrid film showed much higher photoelectricity conversion efficiency than the cells assembled with pure TiO2 films. The lifetime of photoinduced electron was also investigated through electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, which showed that the SnO2/TiO2 hybrid film electrode is as long as the TiO2 film electrode. PMID:27299650

  1. Integrated TiO2 resonators for visible photonics

    CERN Document Server

    Choy, Jennifer T; Deotare, Parag B; Burgess, Ian B; Evans, Christopher C; Mazur, Eric; Loncar, Marko

    2011-01-01

    We demonstrate waveguide-coupled titanium dioxide (TiO2) racetrack resonators with loaded quality factors of 2x10^4 for the visible wavelengths. The structures were fabricated in sputtered TiO2 thin films on oxidized silicon substrates using standard top-down nanofabrication techniques, and passively probed in transmission measurements using a tunable red laser. Devices based on this material could serve as integrated optical elements as well as passive platforms for coupling to visible quantum emitters.

  2. Synthesis of mesoporous TiO2/SiO2 hybrid films as an efficient photocatalyst by polymeric micelle assembly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yunqi; Bastakoti, Bishnu Prasad; Imura, Masataka; Hwang, Soo Min; Sun, Ziqi; Kim, Jung Ho; Dou, Shi Xue; Yamauchi, Yusuke

    2014-05-12

    Thermally stable mesoporous TiO2/SiO2 hybrid films with pore size of 50 nm have been synthesized by adopting the polymeric micelle-assembly method. A triblock copolymer, poly(styrene-b-2-vinyl pyridine-b-ethylene oxide), which serves as a template for the mesopores, was utilized to form polymeric micelles. The effective interaction of titanium tetraisopropoxide (TTIP) and tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) with the polymeric micelles enabled us to fabricate stable mesoporous films. By changing the molar ratio of TEOS and TTIP, several mesoporous TiO2/SiO2 hybrid films with different compositions can be synthesized. The presence of amorphous SiO2 phase effectively retards the growth of anatase TiO2 crystal in the pore walls and retains the original mesoporous structure, even at higher temperature (650 °C). These TiO2/SiO2 hybrid films are of very high quality, without any cracks or voids. The addition of SiO2 phase to mesoporous TiO2 films not only adsorbs more organic dyes, but also significantly enhances the photocatalytic activity compared to mesoporous pure TiO2 film without SiO2 phase. PMID:24710980

  3. Research on Hydrothermal Decoration of TiO2 Nanotube Films with Nanoplatelet MoS2 Species

    OpenAIRE

    Kovger, Jelena; Naujokaitis, Arnas; Niaura, Gediminas; Juodkazyte, Jurga; Valušis, Gintaras; Jagminas, Arūnas

    2016-01-01

    In this study, novel electrodes were prepared via decoration of nanotubed TiO2 (TiNT) films with crystalline two- dimensional (2D) MoS2 species by a one-step hydrothermal synthesis approach. Obtained products were characterized in detail by scanning electron microscopy, Raman spectro‐ scopy, U-I measurements and X-ray diffraction techniques. The influence of hydrothermal synthesis conditions on the composition and morphology of the products formed in the solution and within the TiNT film are ...

  4. A Memadmittance Systems Model for Thin Film Memory Materials

    OpenAIRE

    Mouttet, Blaise

    2010-01-01

    In 1971 the memristor was originally postulated as a new non-linear circuit element relating the time integrals of current and voltage. More recently researchers at HPLabs have linked the theoretical memristor concept to resistance switching behavior of TiO(2-x) thin films. However, a variety of other thin film materials exhibiting memory resistance effects have also been found to exhibit a memory capacitance effect. This paper proposes a memadmittance (memory admittance) systems model which ...

  5. One-Step Formation of WO3-Loaded TiO2 Nanotubes Composite Film for High Photocatalytic Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wai Hong Lee

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available High aspect ratio of WO3-loaded TiO2 nanotube arrays have been successfully synthesized using the electrochemical anodization method in an ethylene glycol electrolyte containing 0.5 wt% ammonium fluoride in a range of applied voltage of 10–40 V for 30 min. The novelty of this research works in the one-step formation of WO3-loaded TiO2 nanotube arrays composite film by using tungsten as the cathode material instead of the conventionally used platinum electrode. As compared with platinum, tungsten metal has lower stability, forming dissolved ions (W6+ in the electrolyte. The W6+ ions then move towards the titanium foil and form a coherent deposit on titanium foil. By controlling the oxidation rate and chemical dissolution rate of TiO2 during the electrochemical anodization, the nanotubular structure of TiO2 film could be achieved. In the present study, nanotube arrays were characterized using FESEM, EDAX, XRD, as well as Raman spectroscopy. Based on the results obtained, nanotube arrays with average pore diameter of up to 74 nm and length of 1.6 µm were produced. EDAX confirmed the presence of tungsten element within the nanotube arrays which varied in content from 1.06 at% to 3.29 at%. The photocatalytic activity of the nanotube arrays was then investigated using methyl orange degradation under TUV 96W UV-B Germicidal light irradiation. The nanotube with the highest aspect ratio, geometric surface area factor and at% of tungsten exhibited the highest photocatalytic activity due to more photo-induced electron-hole pairs generated by the larger surface area and because WO3 improves charge separation, reduces charge carrier recombination and increases charge carrier lifetime via accumulation of electrons and holes in the two different metal oxide semiconductor components.

  6. A facile strategy to fabricate plasmonic Cu modified TiO2 nano-flower films for photocatalytic reduction of CO2 to methanol

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Graphical abstract: Photoreduction of CO2 to CH3OH over plasmonic Cu/TiO2 film. - Highlights: • Cu nanoparticles modified TiO2 nano-flower film was prepared by a facile strategy. • Cu nanoparticles can enhance the light absorption and the Raman scattering of TiO2. • Cu nanoparticles can effectively restrain the recombination of the charge carriers. • A synergistic mechanism is proposed for photocatalytic reduction of CO2 on Cu/TiO2 film. - Abstract: Cu nanoparticles (NPs) deposited TiO2 nano-flower films were fabricated using a combination of a hydrothermal method and a microwave-assisted reduction process. The investigations indicated that Cu NPs and TiO2 film both exhibit visible light harvesting properties based on localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) of Cu NPs and unique nanostructures of TiO2 film. Fluorescence quenching was observed because the recombination of charge carriers was effectively suppressed by Cu NPs deposition. The experimental results indicate that Cu/TiO2 films exhibit better activity for the photocatalytic reduction of CO2 due to the charge transfer property and LSPR effect of Cu NPs. The CH3OH production rate reached 1.8 μmol cm−2 h−1 (energy efficiency was 0.8%) over 0.5 Cu/TiO2 film under UV and visible light irradiation, which was 6.0 times higher than that observed over pure TiO2 film. In addition, a tentative photocatalytic mechanism is proposed to understand the experimental results over the Cu modified TiO2 nano-flower films

  7. Preparation and photoelectric properties of Fe-doped mesoporous TiO2 thick films used in DSSC

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xie, Yian; Shen, Yue; Gu, Feng; Lu, Huina; Wu, Mingming; Wang, Linjun

    2009-08-01

    Fe-doped mesoporous TiO2 (M-TiO2-Fe) thick films were prepared by sol-gel and screen printing process. Raman characteristics results show that the M-TiO2-Fe thick film possesses a certain degree of the anatase phase, which may have advantages on photocatalysis and photovoltaic ability. Derived from small angel X-Ray diffraction (SAXRD), the films exhibit mesoporous structure with pore size around 7-8 nm. Eg of the films was obviously narrowed from 3.4 eV to 3.0 eV, which allows the thick films using more light to initiate photovoltaic process. Dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) based on M-TiO2-Fe was structured and chlorophyl was used as sensitizers. The solar cells have an open circuit voltage above 260mV.

  8. Research on Hydrothermal Decoration of TiO2 Nanotube Films with Nanoplatelet MoS2 Species

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jelena Kovger

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In this study, novel electrodes were prepared via decoration of nanotubed TiO2 (TiNT films with crystalline two- dimensional (2D MoS2 species by a one-step hydrothermal synthesis approach. Obtained products were characterized in detail by scanning electron microscopy, Raman spectro‐ scopy, U-I measurements and X-ray diffraction techniques. The influence of hydrothermal synthesis conditions on the composition and morphology of the products formed in the solution and within the TiNT film are also discussed. For the first time, acceptable decoration of TiNT films, by tethering 2D layered MoS2 leaflets onto the TiO2 nanotubes, and on the film surface was obtained in the low concentra‐ tion solutions, while the performance of these heterostruc‐ tures in relation to electrochemical hydrogen evolution reaction (HER was tested. Stable catalytic activity of the obtained 2D MoS2-in-TiNT films was demonstrated under intense HER conditions within the potential window [-0.2 to - 0.4 V] vs. RHE with a notably low Tafel slope of 33 mV/ decade.

  9. Preparation and magnetic properties of CoFe2O4/TiO2 composite films

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TIAN XiaoXia; QU ShaoBo; PEI ZhiBin; WANG BinKe

    2008-01-01

    Using (Ti(OC4H9)4) and metal chlorates as starting materials, CoFe2O4/TiO2 composite films were pre-pared by sol-gel method. The effects of heat treatment temperature and pH of the precursor on micro-structure and magnetic properties were studied. The phase structure of the samples was examined by X-ray diffraction. The microstructure was examined by scanning electron microscope, atomic force microscope and polarized microscope. The magnetic property was measured by vibrating sample magnetometer. The results show that the crystals of different phases grow up independently. CoFe2O4 is uniformly embedded into the TiO2 matrix in the prepared composite films, and the growth of com-posite films is dependent on the heat treatment temperatures and PH of the precursor. The average size of CoFe2O4 crystal is 19 nm in Nanocomposite film prepared when the heat treatment temperature is 800℃ and the pH of the precursor is between 2 and 3. The magnetism of the composite films is en-hanced as the heat treatment temperature increases.

  10. Reduced interfacial recombination in dye-sensitized solar cells assisted with NiO:Eu(3+),Tb(3+) coated TiO2 film.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yao, Nannan; Huang, Jinzhao; Fu, Ke; Deng, Xiaolong; Ding, Meng; Zhang, Shouwei; Xu, Xijin; Li, Lin

    2016-01-01

    Eu(3+),Tb(3+) doped and undoped NiO films were deposited on TiO2 by a sol-gel spin-coating method as the photoanodes of dye sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). A comparative study with different structures including TiO2, TiO2/NiO and TiO2/NiO:Eu(3+),Tb(3+) as the photoanodes was carried out to illustrate the photovoltaic performance of solar cells. NiO could enhance the performance of DSSCs ascribed to acting as a barrier for the charge recombination from the fluorine doped tin oxide (FTO) to electrolyte and forming a p-n junction (NiO/TiO2). Moreover, Eu(3+), Tb(3+) co-doped NiO could accelerate the electron transfer at TiO2/dye/electrolyte interface, which further benefited the performance of solar cells. The solar cells assembled with the photoelectrodes consisting of NiO:Eu(3+),Tb(3+) and TiO2 exhibited short-circuit current density (JSC) of 17.4 mA cm(-2), open-circuit voltage (VOC) of 780 mV and conversion efficiency of 8.8%, which were higher than that with TiO2/NiO and pure TiO2. The mechanisms of the influence of NiO and NiO:Eu(3+),Tb(3+) on the photovoltaic performance of DSSCs were discussed. PMID:27506930

  11. Reduced interfacial recombination in dye-sensitized solar cells assisted with NiO:Eu3+,Tb3+ coated TiO2 film

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yao, Nannan; Huang, Jinzhao; Fu, Ke; Deng, Xiaolong; Ding, Meng; Zhang, Shouwei; Xu, Xijin; Li, Lin

    2016-08-01

    Eu3+,Tb3+ doped and undoped NiO films were deposited on TiO2 by a sol-gel spin-coating method as the photoanodes of dye sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). A comparative study with different structures including TiO2, TiO2/NiO and TiO2/NiO:Eu3+,Tb3+ as the photoanodes was carried out to illustrate the photovoltaic performance of solar cells. NiO could enhance the performance of DSSCs ascribed to acting as a barrier for the charge recombination from the fluorine doped tin oxide (FTO) to electrolyte and forming a p-n junction (NiO/TiO2). Moreover, Eu3+, Tb3+ co-doped NiO could accelerate the electron transfer at TiO2/dye/electrolyte interface, which further benefited the performance of solar cells. The solar cells assembled with the photoelectrodes consisting of NiO:Eu3+,Tb3+ and TiO2 exhibited short-circuit current density (JSC) of 17.4 mA cm-2, open-circuit voltage (VOC) of 780 mV and conversion efficiency of 8.8%, which were higher than that with TiO2/NiO and pure TiO2. The mechanisms of the influence of NiO and NiO:Eu3+,Tb3+ on the photovoltaic performance of DSSCs were discussed.

  12. Adsorption Equilibrium and Kinetics of Gardenia Blue on TiO2 Photoelectrode for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells

    OpenAIRE

    Tae-Young Kim; Kyung-Hee Park; Jae-Wook Lee; Shin Han; Sung-Young Cho

    2014-01-01

    Nanostructured porous TiO2 paste was deposited on the FTO conductive glass using squeeze printing technique in order to obtain a TiO2 thin film with a thickness of 10 μm and an area of 4 cm2. Gardenia blue (GB) extracted from Gardenia jasminode Ellis was employed as the natural dye for a dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC). Adsorption studies indicated that the maximum adsorption capacity of GB on the surface of TiO2 thin film was approximately 417 mg GB/g TiO2 photoelectrode. The commercial and...

  13. Modifying TiO2 surface architecture by oxygen plasma to increase dye sensitized solar cell efficiency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Oxygen plasma treatment of TiO2 films has been used to improve the efficiency of dye sensitized solar cells. Both a commercial TiO2 sample and a TiO2 thin film synthesized by a sol-gel technique were treated using a custom built inductively coupled plasma apparatus. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy revealed that oxygen-plasma treatment increased the number of oxygen functional groups (hydroxyl groups) and introduced some Ti3+ species on the surface of TiO2. A sample solar cell with plasma treated TiO2 showed an overall solar-to-electricity conversion efficiency of 4.3%, about a 13% increase over untreated TiO2. The photon conversion efficiency for the plasma treated TiO2 was 34% higher than untreated TiO2. This enhanced cell-performance is partly due to increased dye adsorption from an increase in surface oxygen functional groups and also may be partly due to Ti3+ states on the surface of TiO2. - Highlights: • Oxygen plasma is used to generate hydroxyl groups on the surface of TiO2 • Parallel study was conducted using a spin coated TiO2 and a Commercial TiO2 film. • The plasma functionalization caused increased dye uptake. • Some species in Ti3+ state are also generated after oxygen plasma. • Dye sensitised solar cell with functionalised electrode showed improved efficiency

  14. Morphological control of anodic crystalline TiO2 nanochannel films for use in size-selective photocatalytic decomposition of organic molecules

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • The crystalline TiO2 nanochannel films were formed by anodizing titanium at 20 V in glycerol electrolyte containing various amounts of K3PO4, K2HPO4 and KH2PO4 at 433 K. • The growth rate of the films increased with an increase in the basicity of the electrolyte, leading to highly ordered nanochannel structures (the pore size was as small as ∼10 nm). • Size-selective photocatalytic decomposition for small organic molecules was achieved by utilizing the highly ordered TiO2 nanochannel films. - Abstract: We report the size-selective photocatalytic decomposition of organic molecules using crystalline anodic TiO2 nanochannel films as the photocatalyst. The porous TiO2 films were formed by anodizing titanium at 20 V in glycerol electrolyte containing various amounts of K3PO4, K2HPO4, and KH2PO4 at 433 K. Regardless of the electrolyte composition, the as-formed TiO2 films had a crystalline anatase structure. The basicity of the electrolyte markedly influenced the morphology of the TiO2 nanochannel films; more regular nanochannels developed with increasing basicity of the electrolyte. Because the diameter of the nanochannels in the films formed in a basic electrolyte was as small as ∼10 nm, the anodic TiO2 nanochannel films with a thickness of 5 μm revealed a selective photocatalytic decomposition of methylene blue (MB) in a mixture of MB and direct red 80 (DR) kept under UV irradiation. The importance of the diameter of the nanochannels and their uniformity for size-selective decomposition of organic molecules were investigated

  15. INVESTIGATION OF PHOTOELECTROCHROMIC THIN FILM AND DEVICE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    M.J. Chen; H. Shen

    2005-01-01

    Photoelectrochromic device is a combination of dye-sensitized solar cells and electrochromic WO3 layers. Ectrochroelmic WO3 layer and TiO2 layer had been prepared by the sol-gel process, then be assembled to pohotoelectrochromic device. The effects of heating temperature on photoelectrochromic were investigated. The results showed that thin films prepared by dip-coating and spin-coating had good film quality and the device made by the method mentioned in the paper had good photoelectrochromie properties.

  16. Preparation and Characterization of Fe-Doped TiO2 Films Covered on Silicagel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nghia, Nguyen Manh; Hue, Nguyen Thi; Thu, Ma Thi Anh; Len, Phung Thi; Thu, Vu Thi; Lam, Tran Dai

    2016-07-01

    This study describes sol-gel preparation of (TiO2:Fe x )/SiO2 ( x = 0-0.8%) on silicagel grains using titanium tetraisopropoxide and iron (III) chloride as titanium precursor and doping agent, respectively. The structural properties, morphology, and chemical composition of the samples were thoroughly studied using x-ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy, and energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy, respectively. The results demonstrated the formation of highly pure anatase TiO2:Fe x crystals with diameters of several tens of nanometers. With increasing doping level, no significant change in porosity of TiO2 material was observed, whereas the decrease in crystalline size was easily recorded. In addition, the bandgap (observed by UV-Vis) was dramatically shifted from 2.9 eV to 1.7 eV as doping with TiO2 with Fe at doping content as low as 0.8%. The use of silicagel as a solid support to carry photocatalytic crystals enables recycling of the material. These findings represent a simple pathway to design reusable catalyst for highly effective water detoxification under visible illumination.

  17. Understanding the antimicrobial mechanism of TiO2-based nanocomposite films in a pathogenic bacterium

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kubacka, A.; Suarez Diez, M.; Rojo, D.; Bargiela, R.; Ciordia, S.; Zapico, I.; Albar, J.P.; Barbas, C.; Martins Dos Santos, V.A.P.; Fernández-García, M.; Ferrer, M.

    2014-01-01

    Titania (TiO2)-based nanocomposites subjected to light excitation are remarkably effective in eliciting microbial death. However, the mechanism by which these materials induce microbial death and the effects that they have on microbes are poorly understood. Here, we assess the low dose radical-media

  18. Effects of Power Density and Post Annealing Process on the Microstructure and Wettability of TiO2 Films Deposited by Mid-frequency Magnetron Reactive Sputtering

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ying CUI; Hao DU; Jinquan XIAO; Lishi WEN

    2008-01-01

    The relationship of "preparation parameters-microstructures-wettability" of TiO2 films was reported. In this work, TiO2 films were deposited onto glass and silicon substrates by using mid-frequency dual magnetron sputtering technique at ambient temperature with various power densities and deposition time. After de- position, the films were heat treated at different annealing temperatures. X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, and field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) were utilized to characterize TiO2 films. The wettability of the films was evaluated by water contact angle measurement. The phase transition temperature of TiO2 films depended on the power density. It was demonstrated that wettability was strongly structure dependent and the film with the thickness of 610 nm (the power density was 2.22 W/cm2) showed the lowest contact angle (8°). It can be concluded that smaller crystallite size, the rutile phase with (110) face being parallel to the surface, and tensile stress favored the hydrophilicity of the TiO2 films.

  19. Thin film processes II

    CERN Document Server

    Kern, Werner

    1991-01-01

    This sequel to the 1978 classic, Thin Film Processes, gives a clear, practical exposition of important thin film deposition and etching processes that have not yet been adequately reviewed. It discusses selected processes in tutorial overviews with implementation guide lines and an introduction to the literature. Though edited to stand alone, when taken together, Thin Film Processes II and its predecessor present a thorough grounding in modern thin film techniques.Key Features* Provides an all-new sequel to the 1978 classic, Thin Film Processes* Introduces new topics, and sever

  20. Pyrolyzed thin film carbon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tai, Yu-Chong (Inventor); Liger, Matthieu (Inventor); Harder, Theodore (Inventor); Konishi, Satoshi (Inventor); Miserendino, Scott (Inventor)

    2010-01-01

    A method of making carbon thin films comprises depositing a catalyst on a substrate, depositing a hydrocarbon in contact with the catalyst and pyrolyzing the hydrocarbon. A method of controlling a carbon thin film density comprises etching a cavity into a substrate, depositing a hydrocarbon into the cavity, and pyrolyzing the hydrocarbon while in the cavity to form a carbon thin film. Controlling a carbon thin film density is achieved by changing the volume of the cavity. Methods of making carbon containing patterned structures are also provided. Carbon thin films and carbon containing patterned structures can be used in NEMS, MEMS, liquid chromatography, and sensor devices.

  1. The structural properties of BaTiO3: TiO2: PMMA composite films at room temperature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dey, Subhrangsu; Singh, S.; Singh, S. M.; Rajput, Nikhil; Kumar, Neeraj

    2016-05-01

    Present works based on the performance of the composite films of Barium Titanate (BaTiO3) with Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) and Poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) prepared by simple solution casting technique. Different wt. % compositions of BaTiO3 have been selected to find out the best optimized condition for further investigations. The structural properties have been carried out at room temperature using X-ray crystallography (XRD). The average crystallite size of the BaTiO3 particles in the composite films has been found to be lies in between ˜ 20 -70 nm. It has been found that the peak intensities increase with increasing the wt. % of BaTiO3 in the composite films at room temperature (RT). The XRD analysis revealed that the addition of TiO2 has played a crucial role to enhance the crystalline nature of the composite films at room temperature. Efforts have been made to correlate the results with investigated XRD results of pure BaTiO3 and its composites as observed by other workers at room temperature.

  2. Amphiphilic block-graft copolymer templates for organized mesoporous TiO2 films in dye-sensitized solar cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, Jung Yup; Lee, Chang Soo; Lee, Jung Min; Ahn, Joonmo; Cho, Hyung Hee; Kim, Jong Hak

    2016-01-01

    Amphiphilic block-graft copolymers composed of poly(styrene-b-butadiene-b-styrene) (SBS) backbone and poly(oxyethylene methacrylate) (POEM) side chains are synthesized and combined with hydrophilically preformed TiO2 (Pre-TiO2), which works as a structural binder as well as titania source. This results in the formation of crack free, 6-μm-thick, organized mesoporous TiO2 (OM-TiO2) films via one-step doctor-blading based on self-assembly of SBS-g-POEM as well as preferential interaction of POEM chains with Pre-TiO2. SBS-g-POEM with different numbers of ethylene oxide repeating units, SBS-g-POEM(500) and SBS-g-POEM(950), are used to form OM-TiO2(500) and OM-TiO2(950), respectively. The efficiencies of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) with a quasi-solid-state polymer electrolyte reach 5.7% and 5.8% at 100 mW/cm2 for OM-TiO2(500) and OM-TiO2(950), respectively. The surface area of OM-TiO2(950) was greater than that of OM-TiO2(500) but the light reflectance was lower in the former, which is responsible for similar efficiency. Both DSSCs exhibit much higher efficiency than one (4.8%) with randomly-organized particulate TiO2 (Ran-TiO2), which is attributed to the higher dye loading, reduced charge recombination and improved pore infiltration of OM-TiO2. When utilizing poly((1-(4-ethenylphenyl)methyl)-3-butyl-imidazolium iodide) (PEBII) and mesoporous TiO2 spheres as the solid electrolyte and the scattering layer, the efficiency increases up to 7.5%, one of the highest values for N719-based solid-state DSSCs.

  3. A stable and high resolution optical waveguide biosensor based on dense TiO2/Ag multilayer film

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Zhao; Guan, Weiming; Liu, Chang; Xue, Tianyu; Wang, Qiyu; Zheng, Weitao; Cui, Xiaoqiang

    2016-07-01

    Optical waveguide (OWG) biosensor has attracted much attention according to the high sensitivity and resolution compared with conventional surface plasmon resonance (SPR) biosensor. Nanoporous materials are usually used as the waveguide layer for absorbing analytes into the porous structure and enhancing the sensor signal. However, this kind of waveguide layer provides poor protection to the metal film and leads to the damage of the biosensor. Ag film can provide great sensitivity in SPR sensing comparing to other metal but was rarely used because of its poor chemical stability. Fabricating high stability Ag based SPR biosensor is still a challenge. In this work we produce an OWG biosensor using a dense TiO2 film as the waveguide layer which provides high resolution and remarkable protection to the metal film. This waveguide structure makes long time detection possible using Ag as the metal layer and is able to lead an enhancement of sensitivity comparing to the Au-based biosensor.

  4. Adhesion and inactivation of Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria on photoreactive TiO2/polymer and Ag-TiO2/polymer nanohybrid films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tallósy, Szabolcs Péter; Janovák, László; Nagy, Elisabeth; Deák, Ágota; Juhász, Ádám; Csapó, Edit; Buzás, Norbert; Dékány, Imre

    2016-05-01

    The aim of this study was to develop photoreactive surface coatings, possessing antibacterial properties and can be activated under visible light illumination (λmax = 405 nm) using LED-light source. The photocatalytically active titanium dioxide (TiO2) was functionalized with silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) and immobilized in polyacrylate based nanohybrid thin film in order to facilitate visible light activity (λAg/TiO2,max = 500 nm). First, the photocatalytic activity was modelled by following ethanol vapor degradation. The plasmonic functionalization resulted in 15% enhancement of the activity compared to pure TiO2. The photoreactive antimicrobial (5 log reduction of cfu in 2 h) surface coatings are able to inactivate clinically relevant pathogen strains (methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa) within short time (60-120 min) due to the formed and quantified reactive oxygen species (ROS). The existence of electrostatic interactions between the negatively charged bacteria (from -0.89 to -3.19 μeq/109 cfu) and positively charged photocatalyst particles (in the range of +0.38 and +12.3 meq/100 g) was also proven by charge titration measurements. The surface inactivation of the bacteria and the photocatalytic degradation of the cell wall component were also confirmed by fluorescence and transmission electron microscopic observations, respectively. According to the results an effective sterilizing system and prevention strategy can be developed and carried out against dangerous microorganisms in health care.

  5. Morphology and photocatalysis of mesoporous titania thin films annealed in different atmosphere for degradation of methyl orange

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Qing; Qin, Tian Pang; Liu, Shao Jun; Weng, Lv Qian; Dong, Wen Yi

    2011-07-01

    The effect of different annealing atmosphere on the morphology and photocatalytic activity of mesoporous TiO2 thin films by dip-coating technique is investigated. The annealing temperature and atmosphere causes significant change of the morphology, thermal stability, photoluminescence, and photocatalytic properties of mesoporous TiO2 films. As-prepared mesoporous thin films have an amorphous structure that is transformed to crystalline TiO2 with well-maintained mesoporous structure at 450°C in various annealing atmosphere except that the mesoporous structure is fully destroyed for films annealed in air. Films annealed in N2 show the enhanced UV photodegradation of methyl orange (MO) resulting from the enhanced crystallinity in these films evidenced by XRD and Raman spectra. These findings can be used to tailor the structure and morphology of mesoporous TiO2 films and thus improve their photocatalytic activity for efficient removal of dye effluents in wastewater.

  6. Effective Carbon Dioxide Photoreduction over Metals (Fe-, Co-, Ni-, and Cu- Incorporated TiO2/Basalt Fiber Films

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeong Yeon Do

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Mineralogical basalt fibers as a complementary adsorbent were introduced to improve the adsorption of CO2 over the surfaces of photocatalysts. TiO2 photocatalysts (M-TiO2 incorporated with 5.0 mol.% 3d-transition metals (Fe, Co, Ni, and Cu were prepared using a solvothermal method and mixed with basalt fibers for applications to CO2 photoreduction. The resulting 5.0 mol.% M-TiO2 powders were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, photoluminescence, Brunauer, Emmett, and Teller surface area, and CO2-temperature-programmed desorption. A paste composed of two materials was coated and fixed on a Pyrex plate by a thermal treatment. The 5.0 mol.% M-TiO2/basalt fiber films increased the adsorption of CO2 significantly, indicating superior photocatalytic behavior compared to pure TiO2 and basalt fiber films, and produced 158~360 μmol gcat-1 L−1 CH4 gases after an 8 h reaction. In particular, the best performance was observed over the 5.0 mol.% Co-TiO2/basalt fiber film. These results were attributed to the effective CO2 gas adsorption and inhibition of photogenerated electron-hole pair recombination.

  7. Effect of ion bombarding energies on photocatalytic TiO2 films growing in a pulsed dual magnetron discharge

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Photocatalytic crystalline TiO2 films were deposited by a pulsed dc dual magnetron system. The depositions were performed using two unbalanced magnetrons with planar titanium targets of 50 mm diameter in Ar+O2 gas mixtures at a total pressure of 0.9 Pa with oxygen partial pressures ranging from 0.2 to 0.9 Pa. The maximum substrate surface temperature was 160 deg. C Both magnetrons operated in the same asymmetric bipolar mode at the repetition frequencies of 100 and 350 kHz with a fixed 50% duty cycle and the average target power densities of 52-74 W cm-2 in the negative voltage phase of the pulses, but the magnetron operations were shifted by a half of the period. Time-averaged energy-resolved mass spectroscopy was performed at a substrate position located 100 mm from the targets. The measured structure of the ion energy distributions was correlated with the distinct pulse phases of the magnetron discharges. A decrease in the energy delivered by fast ions (E≥10 eV) to the unit volume of the growing films, together with possible effects of plasma-chemical processes, during the depositions at the oxygen partial pressures of 0.5-0.75 Pa and the repetition frequency of 350 kHz resulted in a strong predominance of the highly photoactive crystalline anatase phase in the TiO2 films.

  8. High temperature coefficient of resistance of low-temperature-grown VO2 films on TiO2-buffered SiO2/Si (100) substrates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The introduction of a TiO2 buffer layer significantly improved the temperature coefficient of resistance (TCR), a measure of the sharpness of the metal–insulator transition, for films of VO2 grown on SiO2/Si (100) substrates at growth temperatures below 670 K. X-ray diffraction and Raman scattering measurements revealed that polycrystalline VO2 films were formed on the TiO2-buffered substrates at low temperatures below 600 K, whereas amorphous films were formed at these temperatures on SiO2/Si (100) substrates without a TiO2 buffer layer. Electron microscopy studies confirmed that the TiO2 buffer layer enhanced the grain growth of VO2 films at low growth temperatures. The VO2 films grown at 600 K on TiO2-buffered substrates showed a large TCR of more than 80%/K as a result of the improved crystallinity and grain size of the VO2 films. Our results provide an effective approach toward the integration of VO2-based devices onto Si platforms at process temperatures below 670 K

  9. Nanocrystalline TiO2 films containing sulfur and gold: Synthesis, characterization and application to immobilize and direct electrochemistry of cytochrome c

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rafiee-Pour, Hossain-Ali; Hamadanian, Masood; Koushali, Samaneh Katebi

    2016-02-01

    In this paper, nanoporous titanium dioxide (TiO2) film was used for cytochrome c (cyt c) immobilization as an electrode substrate for electrochemical redox activity of the adsorbed cyt c. The result of cyclic voltammetry exhibited a pair of well-defined and quasi-reversible peaks for direct electron transfer of cyt c (formal potential [E0‧ = (Epa + Epc)/2] of 53 mV versus Ag/AgCl). In addition the effect of metal and nonmetal ions (Au, S) co-doping on the efficiency of TiO2 nanoparticles (prepared by combining sol-gel and photo-deposition methods) on the cyt c immobilization process was investigated. The results exhibited that the Au, S-co-doped TiO2 (Au/S-TiO2) with a spheroidal shape demonstrates a smaller grain size than the pure TiO2. Meanwhile, the UV-vis DRS of Au/S-TiO2 showed a considerable red shift to the visible region. As a result, it was found that 4% Au/0.1% S-TiO2 had the highest efficiency for cytochrome c immobilization. The results showed that the peak currents were higher after the annealing of the TiO2 film. This observation suggests that the use of TiO2 films may be advantageous for the development of nanoporous biosensors employing reductive electrochemistry.

  10. Preparation and Characterization of CeO2-TiO2/SnO2:Sb Films Deposited on Glass Substrates by R.F.Sputtering

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO Qingnan; DONG Yuhong; NI Jiamiao; WANG Peng; ZHAO Xiujian

    2008-01-01

    CeO2-TiO2 films and CeO2-TiO2/SnO2:Sb(6 mol%)double films were deposited on glass substrates by radio-frequency magnetron sputtering(R.F.Sputtering),using SnO2:Sb(6 mol%)target,and CeO2-TiO2 targets with different molar ratio of CeO2 to TiO2 (CeO2:TiO2=0:1.0;0.1:0.9;0.2:0.8;0.3:0.7;0.4:0.6;0.5:0.5;0.6:0.4; 0.7:0.3; 0.8:0.2;0.9:0.1;1.0:0).The films are characterized by UV-visible transmission and infrared reflection spectra,scanning electron microscopy(SEM),Raman spectroscopy,X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy(XPS)and X-ray diffraction(XRD),respectively.The obtained results show that the amorphous phases composed of CeO2-TiO2 play an important role in absorbing UV, there are Ce3+,Ce4+ and Ti4+ on the surface of the films;the glass substrates coated with CeO2-TiO2(Ce/Ti=0.5:0.5;0.6:0.4)/SnO2:Sb(6 mol%) double films show high absorbing UV(>99),high visible light transmission(75%)and good infrared reflection films can be used as window glass of buildings,automobile and so on.

  11. Morphology and Photoelectrochemical Characterization of MEH-PPV/PCBM Composite Film Doped with TiO2 Nanoparticles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Farid Habelhames; Zerguine Wided; Leila Lamiri; Belkacem Nessark; Hassina Derbal-Habak

    2013-01-01

    Poly[2-methoxy-5-(20-ethylhexyloxy)-p-phenylenevinylene] (MEH-PPV),[6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) and titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles (n-type) were dissolved,mixed and deposited by physical methods (spin-coating) on indium tin-oxide (ITO) substrate.The incorporation of the titanium dioxide nanoparticles changed the morphology and increased the roughness of polymers film (MEH-PPV/PCBM),and the photocurrent density of the composite (MEH-PPV/PCBM +n-TiO2) was higher than that of single MEHPPV/PCBM film.The study showed that the presence of n-TiO2 particles in the polymeric film improves the photoelectrochemical properties of MEH-PPV/PCBM composite.

  12. Preparation and characterization of CoFe2O4/TiO2 magnetic composite films

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    CoFe2O4/TiO2 magnetic composite films were prepared using the sol-gel method with tetrabutyltitanate and metallic chlorates as starting materials. The effects of heat treatment temperatures on micro- structures and on magnetic properties were studied. The microstructure and properties of the samples at different heat treatment temperatures were characterized by X-ray diffraction, Raman spectrum, scanning electron microscopy, polarized microscopy and vibrating sample magnetometry. The results show that crystals of different substances grow up independently. Cobalt ferrite is evenly embedded into the titanium dioxide matrix in the prepared composite films. The magnetism of the composite films is enhanced with an increase of the heat temperature.

  13. The research on the high quality TiO2, MoO3-doped WO3 electrochromic film

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The high quality TiO2, MoO3-doped WO3 electrochromic film was prepared by the sol-gel method for the first time.The sol, which has hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and oxalic acid (H2C2O4), was very stable at room temperature and quite suitable for the deposition of films. The WO3 electrochromic film prepared from this doped sol had excellent performance, such as short response time, no cracks, good adhesion to the substrate, high coloring efficiency and longevity of service.(C) 2007 Xiang Kai Fu. Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of Chinese Chemical Society. All rights reserved.

  14. Influence of Particle Coordination Number in Nanoporous TiO2 Films on the Performance of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell Modules

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HU Lin-Hua; DAI Song-Yuan; WANG Kong-Jia

    2005-01-01

    @@ The average particle coordination number, one of the characters concerning the pore size distribution in the films,was introduced in dye-sensitized solar cell (DSC) modules with the size of 15cm × 20cm and the active area of 187.2 cm2 to estimate the performance of a TiO2 nanoporous film, which is critical to the future DSC production.The current-voltage measurement of the DSC modules indicates that the average particle coordination number in the range of 4-5 typically appears in nanocrystalline TiO2 films used in the DSC modules and that the average coordination number could provide a very valuable way to evaluate the performance of nanoporous TiO2 films.

  15. Love Wave Ultraviolet Photodetector Fabricated on a TiO2/ST-Cut Quartz Structure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walter Water

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A TiO2 thin film deposited on a 90° rotated 42°45′ ST-cut quartz substrate was applied to fabricate a Love wave ultraviolet photodetector. TiO2 thin films were grown by radio frequency magnetron sputtering. The crystalline structure and surface morphology of TiO2 thin films were examined using X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope, and atomic force microscope. The effect of TiO2 thin film thickness on the phase velocity, electromechanical coupling coefficient, temperature coefficient of frequency, and sensitivity of ultraviolet of devices was investigated. TiO2 thin film increases the electromechanical coupling coefficient but decreases the temperature coefficient of frequency for Love wave propagation on the 90° rotated 42°45′ ST-cut quartz. For Love wave ultraviolet photodetector application, the maximum insertion loss shift and phase shift are 2.81 dB and 3.55 degree at the 1.35-μm-thick TiO2 film.

  16. Influence of Diamond Particles Coated with TiO2 Film on Wettability of Vitrified Bond and Transverse Rupture Strength (TRS) of Vitrified Bond Composites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Dongdong; Wan, Long; Liu, Xiaopan; Hu, Weida; Li, Jianwei

    2016-06-01

    TiO2 films were prepared on the surface of the diamond particles using a classical sol-gel method. The results showed that the TiO2 covered on the diamond surface as a rough and dense film with anatase phase, and tightly combined with the diamond substrates via the Ti-O-C bond. The initial oxidation temperature and compression strength of diamond were improved to 725 °C and 23.8 N with TiO2 film coated. TiO2 film increased the roughness of the diamond surface, promoted its mutual solubility, and formed the chemical bonding (Ti-O-Si) between the vitrified bond and the diamond. Therefore, the TiO2 film decreased the interface energy of the diamond, and promoted the wetting angle of vitrified bond with diamond to 36.7°. As a result, the TRS of vitrified bond diamond composites was increased to 76.3 MPa.

  17. Native Oxide Transport and Removal During Atomic Layer Deposition of TiO2 Films on GaAs(100) Surfaces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henegar, Alex J; Cook, Andrew J; Dang, Phillip; Gougousi, Theodosia

    2016-01-27

    In this work, we studied the evolution and transport of the native oxides during the atomic layer deposition (ALD) of TiO2 on GaAs(100) from tetrakis dimethyl amino titanium and H2O. Arsenic oxide transport through the TiO2 film and removal during the ALD process was investigated using transmission Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Experiments were designed to decouple these processes by utilizing their temperature dependence. A 4 nm TiO2 layer was initially deposited on a native oxide surface at 100 °C. Ex situ XPS confirmed that this step disturbed the interface minimally. An additional 3 nm TiO2 film was subsequently deposited at 150 to 250 °C with and without an intermediate thermal treatment step at 250 °C. Arsenic and gallium oxide removal was confirmed during this second deposition, leading to the inevitable conclusion that these oxides traversed at least 4 nm of film so as to react with the precursor and its surface reaction/decomposition byproducts. XPS measurements confirmed the relocation of both arsenic and gallium oxides from the interface to the bulk of the TiO2 film under normal processing conditions. These results explain the continuous native oxide removal observed for alkyl-amine precursor-based ALD processes on III-V surfaces and provide further insight into the mechanisms of film growth.

  18. Graphene oxide nanosheets as an effective template for the synthesis of porous TiO2 film in dye-sensitized solar cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Ping; He, Fenglong; Wang, Jin; Yu, Huogen; Zhao, Li

    2015-12-01

    Template method by using various organic components as the pore-forming agent is an effective strategy for the preparation of various porous inorganic materials. After high-temperature calcination in air, the organic components can be in situ decomposed into the gaseous CO2, resulting in the formation of porous structures in inorganic materials. In addition to the well-known organic components, it is highly required to develop new and simple carbon-containing template to prepare porous inorganic nanostructures. In this study, graphene oxide (GO) nanosheets were used as a new template for the preparation of porous TiO2 film photoelectrode, which can be applied in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). The porous TiO2 film was fabricated via a three-step method, including the initially homogeneous grafting of GO nanosheets on the TiO2 surface (TiO2-GO), the preparation of TiO2-GO film using blade method and final formation of porous structure after the in situ removal of GO by high-temperature calcination. The effect of GO content on photoelectric conversion performance of the as-fabricated DSSCs was investigated. It was found that the conversion efficiency of DSSC based on porous TiO2-GO (0.75%) film reached up to a maximum value (4.65%), which was much higher than that of DSSC based on nonporous TiO2 film (4.01%). The enhanced conversion efficiency can be attributed to the formation of more porous structures caused by the GO nanosheets after high-temperature calcination. This work may provide a new insight for preparing other porous structured materials.

  19. Magnetic and Optical Properties of the TiO2-Co-TiO2 Composite Films Grown by Magnetron Sputtering

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Fa-min; DING Peng; SHI Wei-mei; WANG Tian-min

    2007-01-01

    The TiO2-Co-TiO2 sandwich films were successfully grown on glass and silicon substrata making alternate use of radio frequency reactive magnetron sputtering and direct current magnetron sputtering. The structures and properties of these films were identified with X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectra and X-ray photoemission spectra (XPS). It is shown that the sandwich film consists of two anatase TiO2 films with an embedded Co nano-film. The fact that, when the Co nano-film thickens, varied red shifts appear in optical absorption spectra may well be explained by the quantum confinement and tunnel effects. As for magnetic properties, the saturation magnetization, remnant magnetic induction and coercivity vary with the thickness of the Co nano-films. Moreover, the Co nano-film has a critical thickness of about 8.6 nm, which makes the coercivity of the composite film reach the maximum of about 1413 Oe.

  20. Inverted polymer solar cells with employing of electrochemical-anodizing synthesized TiO2 nanotubes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehdi, Ahmadi; Sajjad Rashidi, Dafeh; Hamed, Fatehy

    2016-04-01

    An inverted structure of polymer solar cells based on Poly(3-hexylthiophene)(P3HT):[6-6] Phenyl-(6) butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) with using thin films of TiO2 nanotubes and nanoparticles as an efficient cathode buffer layer is developed. A total of three cells employing TiO2 thin films with different thickness values are fabricated. Two cells use layers of TiO2 nanotubes prepared via self-organized electrochemical-anodizing leading to thickness values of 203 and 423.7 nm, while the other cell uses only a simple sol–gel synthesized TiO2 thin film of nanoparticles with a thickness of 100 nm as electron transport layer. Experimental results demonstrate that TiO2 nanotubes with these thickness values are inefficient as the power conversion efficiency of the cell using 100-nm TiO2 thin film is 1.55%, which is more than the best power conversion efficiency of other cells. This can be a result of the weakness of the electrochemical anodizing method to grow nanotubes with lower thickness values. In fact as the TiO2 nanotubes grow in length the series resistance (R s) between the active polymer layer and electron transport layer increases, meanwhile the fill factor of cells falls dramatically which finally downgrades the power conversion efficiency of the cells as the fill factor falls.

  1. Cystamine immobilization on TiO2 film surfaces and the influence on inhibition of collagen-induced platelet activation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Poor haemocompatibility is a main issue of artificial cardiovascular materials in clinical application. Nitric oxide (NO), produced by vascular endothelial cells, is a well known inhibitor of platelet adhesion and activation. Thus, NO-releasing biomaterials are beneficial for improving haemocompatibility of blood-contacting biomedical devices. In this paper, a novel method was developed for enhancement of haemocompatibility by exploiting endogenous NO donors. TiO2 films were firstly synthesized on Si (1 0 0) wafers via unbalanced magnetron sputtering technology, and then polydopamine was grafted on TiO2 films and used as a linker for further immobilization of cystamine. The obtained surfaces were characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis. NO generation is evaluated by saville-griess reagents, and it shows that cystamine immobilized samples are able to catalytically generate NO by decomposing endogenous S-nitrosothiols (RSNO). In vitro platelet adhesion results reveal that cystamine modified surfaces can inhibit collagen-induced platelet activation. ELISA analysis reveals that cGMP in platelets obviously increases on cystamine immobilized surface, which suggests the reducing of platelet activation is through NO/cGMP signal channel. It can be concluded that cystamine immobilized surface shows better blood compatibility by catalyzing NO release from the endogenous NO donor. It may be a promising method for improvement of haemocompatibility of blood-contacting implants.

  2. Fabrication and characterization of novel composite membranes composed of photonic crystals and TiO2 nanotube array films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Junjie; Zhu, Huili; Wang, Aijun; Chen, Sheng-Li; Yuan, Yao

    2016-05-01

    Novel composite membranes composed of photonic crystals (PCs) and TiO2 nanotube array (TNA) films have been fabricated by combining the room temperature floating self-assembly (RTFSA) method, recently developed by our research group, and the liquid-phase deposition technique. By applying this combined procedure, polystyrene (PS) opal PC/TNA and TiO2 inverse opal PC/TNA composite membranes were prepared. Scanning electron microscopy and ultraviolet/visible spectroscopy analyses showed that the membrane samples possessed very high crystalline quality. Notably, the ordered packing of the PS microspheres from the top to the bottom of the opal PC film was not affected by the surface roughness of the porous TNA substrate. This is attributed to the self-assembly mechanism of the colloidal particles, which produces a three-dimensional ordered structure in the RTFSA method. Herein, the crystallization of the colloidal particles occurred at the surface of the colloidal suspension, and the crystal growth proceeded downward from the surface of the suspension to the substrate.

  3. Cystamine immobilization on TiO 2 film surfaces and the influence on inhibition of collagen-induced platelet activation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Yujuan; Weng, Yajun; Zhang, Liping; Jing, Fengjuan; Huang, Nan; Chen, Junying

    2011-12-01

    Poor haemocompatibility is a main issue of artificial cardiovascular materials in clinical application. Nitric oxide (NO), produced by vascular endothelial cells, is a well known inhibitor of platelet adhesion and activation. Thus, NO-releasing biomaterials are beneficial for improving haemocompatibility of blood-contacting biomedical devices. In this paper, a novel method was developed for enhancement of haemocompatibility by exploiting endogenous NO donors. TiO 2 films were firstly synthesized on Si (1 0 0) wafers via unbalanced magnetron sputtering technology, and then polydopamine was grafted on TiO 2 films and used as a linker for further immobilization of cystamine. The obtained surfaces were characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis. NO generation is evaluated by saville-griess reagents, and it shows that cystamine immobilized samples are able to catalytically generate NO by decomposing endogenous S-nitrosothiols (RSNO). In vitro platelet adhesion results reveal that cystamine modified surfaces can inhibit collagen-induced platelet activation. ELISA analysis reveals that cGMP in platelets obviously increases on cystamine immobilized surface, which suggests the reducing of platelet activation is through NO/cGMP signal channel. It can be concluded that cystamine immobilized surface shows better blood compatibility by catalyzing NO release from the endogenous NO donor. It may be a promising method for improvement of haemocompatibility of blood-contacting implants.

  4. Photocatalytic behavior of heavy La-doped TiO2 films deposited by pulsed laser deposition using non-sintered target

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We have investigated the control of photocatalytic behavior under deposited conditions of non-sintered target of different molar ratios with TiO2 and La2O3 from 1:0 to 1:2 for heavily La doping, and post-annealing temperature from 600 deg. C to 1000 deg. C for crystallizing by pulsed laser deposition. We have successfully crystallized heavily La-doped TiO2 films with post-annealing temperature over 800 deg. C and with molar ratio of TiO2:La2O3 over 1:1 on a quartz substrate. Heavily La-doped TiO2 films are observed the decomposition of methylene blue and a water-splitting reaction in photocatalytic behavior under Xe light irradiation. When stoichiometric La-doped TiO2 (TiO2:La2O3 = 1: 1) is synthesized with heat-treatment at 900 deg. C, the best results are obtained under photocatalytic behavior and pure La2Ti2O7 crystalline were obtained.

  5. Photocatalytic Degradation of a Water Soluble Herbicide by Pure and Noble Metal Deposited TiO2 Nanocrystalline Films

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katerina Pelentridou

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available We present the photocatalytic degradation of a water soluble sulfonylurea herbicide: azimsulfuron in the presence of titania nanocrystalline films. Efficient photodegradation of herbicide was achieved by using low-intensity black light tubes emitting in the Near-UV. The degradation of the herbicide follows first-order kinetics according to the Langmuir-Hinshelwood model. Intermediate products were identified by the LC-MS-MS technique during photocatalytic degradation. In order to increase photodegradation rate of the herbicide, we examined the effect of titania modification by depositing noble metals at various quantities and valence states. The presence of platinum at neutral valence state and optimum concentration induced higher photodegradation rates while silver-modified titania exhibited similar photocatalytic rates with those obtained with pure nanocrystalline TiO2 films. Finally, the effect of initial pH value was also examined. Acidic or alkaline media were unfavorable for azimsulfuron photodegradation.

  6. Enhanced Efficiency of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells by Trace Amount Ca-Doping in TiO2 Photoelectrodes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mengmei Pan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Trace amount Ca-doped TiO2 films were synthesized by the hydrothermal method and applied as photoanodes of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs. To prepare Ca-doped TiO2 film electrodes, several milliliters of Ca(NO32 solution was added in TiO2 solution during the hydrolysis process. The improvements of DSSCs were confirmed by photocurrent density-voltage (J-V characteristics, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS measurements. Owing to the doping effect of Ca, the Ca-doped TiO2 thin film shows power conversion efficiency of 7.45% for 50 ppm Ca-doped TiO2 electrode, which is higher than that of the undoped TiO2 film (6.78% and the short-circuit photocurrent density (Jsc increases from 13.68 to 15.42 mA·cm−2. The energy conversion efficiency and short-circuit current density (Jsc of DSSCs were increased due to the faster electron transport in the Ca-doped TiO2 film. When Ca was incorporated into TiO2 films, the electrons transport faster and the charge collection efficiency ηcc is higher than that in the undoped TiO2 films.

  7. PEMANFAATAN FOTOKATALIS TiO2 UNTUK MEREDUKSI ION TIMBAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kapti Riyani

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available TiO2­ photocatalyst can be used to reduce heavy metal ions into common metal ion or metal ion with lower coordination number. This research aimed to (1 study the influence of pH on the photoreduction activity of Pb2+ ion by TiO2­, (2 study the influence of hole scavenger on the photoreduction activity of Pb2+ ion by TiO2­, (3 study the influence of light source on the photoreduction activity of Pb2+ ion by TiO2­. The method used on this research is laboratory experiment consist of the making of TiO2 thin film, standard Pb2+ photoreduction with the variation of pH, standard Pb2+ photoreduction with the variation of light source. The results of Pb2+ photoreduction are analyzed by Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy. The result of the research showed that the activity of TiO2 to reduce Pb2+ can be optimum at pH 6, oxalic acid as hole scavenger and UV lamp use. The sunlight can also be used as the light source to reduce Pb2+ by TiO2 photocatalyst.

  8. Effect of Substrate Sodium Content on Crystallization and Photocatalytic Activity of TiO2 Films Prepared by DC Magnetron Sputtering

    OpenAIRE

    Henryk Tomaszewski; Karin Eufinger; Hilde Poelman; Dirk Poelman; Roger De Gryse; Guy B. Marin; Smet, Philippe F

    2006-01-01

    The effect of sodium content of the glass support on the crystallinity of sputtered TiO(2) films and photocatalytic breakdown of ethanol has been studied. It was found that the activity of the as-deposited (amorphous) films does not depend on the type of support used. The chemical composition of the glass support does influence the activity of annealed films. When using soda-lime glass support sodium diffuses into the film upon annealing, suppressing anatase crystallization and decreasing its...

  9. Preparation and characterization of TiO2 anode film with spinodal phase separation structure in dye-sensitized solar cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guli, Mina; Yao, Jianxi; Zhao, Jingyong; Rao, Wangping; Xiao, Li; Tian, Hongxin

    2013-10-01

    Low electronic transmission efficiency and high charge recombination are the existing problems of photoanode film in traditional dye sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). This paper put forward the photoanode TiO2 films with spinodal phase separation structure (SPSS) and continuous TiO2 skeleton which were triggered by the photopolymerization of organic monomers in a photomonomer-inorganic precursor system. The photoanode TiO2 films fabricated by different precursor solution compositions and different coating layers were characterized mainly by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), photocatalysis and photoelectric performance test. The results indicated that, the as-prepared TiO2 anode film with seven coating layers and heat treated at 500 °C showed higher photoelectric conversion efficiency at about 2% than that of other samples with less coating layers and lower heat treatment temperature. The film also showed excellent photocatalytic activity by using methylene blue (MB) dye as a model organic substrate under fluorescent lamp irradiation. It is suggested that the film with SPSS structure has the potential to improve the electronic transmission efficiency and reduce the carrier recombination due to its particular structure, higher surface area, and lack of bottleneck in electronic transmission. It is worth noting that the SPSS structure provides new ideas to develop new photoanode films and further improve the photoelectric conversion performance of the DSSC in future.

  10. Photo-induced properties of non-annealed anatase TiO2 mesoporous film prepared by anodizing in the hot phosphate/glycerol electrolyte

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ► The TiO2 mesoporous film can be formed by anodizing of titanium specimens in the hot phosphate/glycerol electrolyte. ► The mesoporous film formed at 20 V without annealing was a mixture of amorphous phase and nanograined anatase, which clearly showed strong 〈0 0 1〉 preferred orientation. ► Even without annealing, the as-anodized anatase TiO2 mesoporous film showed high photocatalytic activities for decomposition of water and methylene blue. ► The as-anodized anatase TiO2 mesoporous film also showed superhydrophilicity with UV light irradiation. - Abstract: In this study, anatase crystalline TiO2 mesoporous film was formed by anodizing of titanium specimens without annealing procedures. The specimens were anodized at 3 and 20 V in 0.6 mol dm−3 K2HPO4 and 0.2 mol dm−3 K3PO4/glycerol electrolyte at 433 K. The obtained films had mesoporous structures with pore diameters as small as ∼10 nm. The mesoporous film formed at 20 V without annealing (MP-20V) was a mixture of amorphous phase and nanograined anatase, which clearly showed strong 〈0 0 1〉 preferred orientation, whereas that at 3 V was completely amorphous. Even without annealing, the MP-20V showed high photocatalytic activities for decomposition of water and methylene blue. In contrast, the anodic TiO2 nanotube film formed in NH4F/ethylene glycol electrolyte revealed photocatalytic activities only after annealing at 723 K, because of the amorphous nature of the as-anodized nanotube film. The MP-20V film also showed superhydrophilicity with UV light irradiation.

  11. Ceramic Composite Thin Films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruoff, Rodney S. (Inventor); Stankovich, Sasha (Inventor); Dikin, Dmitriy A. (Inventor); Nguyen, SonBinh T. (Inventor)

    2013-01-01

    A ceramic composite thin film or layer includes individual graphene oxide and/or electrically conductive graphene sheets dispersed in a ceramic (e.g. silica) matrix. The thin film or layer can be electrically conductive film or layer depending the amount of graphene sheets present. The composite films or layers are transparent, chemically inert and compatible with both glass and hydrophilic SiOx/silicon substrates. The composite film or layer can be produced by making a suspension of graphene oxide sheet fragments, introducing a silica-precursor or silica to the suspension to form a sol, depositing the sol on a substrate as thin film or layer, at least partially reducing the graphene oxide sheets to conductive graphene sheets, and thermally consolidating the thin film or layer to form a silica matrix in which the graphene oxide and/or graphene sheets are dispersed.

  12. Electrospinning processed nanofibrous TiO(2) membranes for photovoltaic applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onozuka, Katsuhiro; Ding, Bin; Tsuge, Yosuke; Naka, Takayuki; Yamazaki, Michiyo; Sugi, Shinichiro; Ohno, Shingo; Yoshikawa, Masato; Shiratori, Seimei

    2006-02-28

    We have recently fabricated dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) comprising nanofibrous TiO(2) membranes as electrode materials. A thin TiO(2) film was pre-deposited on fluorine doped tin oxide (FTO) coated conducting glass substrate by immersion in TiF(4) aqueous solution to reduce the electron back-transfer from FTO to the electrolyte. The composite polyvinyl acetate (PVac)/titania nanofibrous membranes can be deposited on the pre-deposited thin TiO(2) film coated FTO by electrospinning of a mixture of PVac and titanium isopropoxide in N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF). The nanofibrous TiO(2) membranes were obtained by calcining the electrospun composite nanofibres of PVac/titania as the precursor. Spectral sensitization of the nanofibrous TiO(2) membranes was carried out with a ruthenium (II) complex, cis-dithiocyanate-N,N(')-bis(2,2(')-bipyridyl-4,4(')-dicarboxylic acid) ruthenium (II) dihydrate. The results indicated that the photocurrent and conversion efficiency of electrodes can be increased with the addition of the pre-deposited TiO(2) film and the adhesion treatment using DMF. Additionally, the dye loading, photocurrent, and efficiency of the electrodes were gradually increased by increasing the average thickness of the nanofibrous TiO(2) membranes. The efficiency of the fibrous TiO(2) photoelectrode with the average membrane thickness of 3.9 µm has a maximum value of 4.14%. PMID:21727376

  13. Electrospinning processed nanofibrous TiO2 membranes for photovoltaic applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onozuka, Katsuhiro; Ding, Bin; Tsuge, Yosuke; Naka, Takayuki; Yamazaki, Michiyo; Sugi, Shinichiro; Ohno, Shingo; Yoshikawa, Masato; Shiratori, Seimei

    2006-02-01

    We have recently fabricated dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) comprising nanofibrous TiO2 membranes as electrode materials. A thin TiO2 film was pre-deposited on fluorine doped tin oxide (FTO) coated conducting glass substrate by immersion in TiF4 aqueous solution to reduce the electron back-transfer from FTO to the electrolyte. The composite polyvinyl acetate (PVac)/titania nanofibrous membranes can be deposited on the pre-deposited thin TiO2 film coated FTO by electrospinning of a mixture of PVac and titanium isopropoxide in N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF). The nanofibrous TiO2 membranes were obtained by calcining the electrospun composite nanofibres of PVac/titania as the precursor. Spectral sensitization of the nanofibrous TiO2 membranes was carried out with a ruthenium (II) complex, cis-dithiocyanate-N,N'-bis(2,2'-bipyridyl-4,4'-dicarboxylic acid) ruthenium (II) dihydrate. The results indicated that the photocurrent and conversion efficiency of electrodes can be increased with the addition of the pre-deposited TiO2 film and the adhesion treatment using DMF. Additionally, the dye loading, photocurrent, and efficiency of the electrodes were gradually increased by increasing the average thickness of the nanofibrous TiO2 membranes. The efficiency of the fibrous TiO2 photoelectrode with the average membrane thickness of 3.9 µm has a maximum value of 4.14%.

  14. TiO2 Nanotube Arrays Composite Film as Photoanode for High-Efficiency Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jinghua Hu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A double-layered photoanode made of hierarchical TiO2 nanotube arrays (TNT-arrays as the overlayer and commercial-grade TiO2 nanoparticles (P25 as the underlayer is designed for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs. Crystallized free-standing TNT-arrays films are prepared by two-step anodization process. For photovoltaic applications, DSSCs based on double-layered photoanodes produce a remarkably enhanced power conversion efficiency (PCE of up to 6.32% compared with the DSSCs solely composed of TNT-arrays (5.18% or nanoparticles (3.65% with a similar thickness (24 μm at a constant irradiation of 100 mW cm−2. This is mainly attributed to the fast charge transport paths and superior light-scattering ability of TNT-arrays overlayer and good electronic contact with F-doped tin oxide (FTO glass provided from P25 nanoparticles as a bonding layer.

  15. Effectively Improved SiO2-TiO2 Composite Films Applied in Commercial Multicrystalline Silicon Solar Cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chih-Hsiang Yang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Composite silicon dioxide-titanium dioxide (SiO2-TiO2 films are deposited on a large area of 15.6 × 15.6 cm2 textured multicrystalline silicon solar cells to increase the incident light trapped within the device. For further improvement of the antireflective coatings (ARCs quality, dimethylformamide (DMF solution is added to the original SiO2-TiO2 solutions. DMF solution solves the cracking problem, thus effectively decreasing reflectance as well as surface recombination. The ARCs prepared by sol-gel process and plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD on multicrystalline silicon substrate are compared. The average efficiency of the devices with improved sol-gel ARCs is 16.3%, only 0.5% lower than that of devices with PECVD ARCs (16.8%. However, from equipment depreciation point of view (the expiration date of equipment is generally considered as 5 years, the running cost (USD/watt of sol-gel technique is 80% lower than that of PECVD method for the first five years and 66% lower than that of PECVD method from the start of the sixth year. This result proves that sol-gel-deposited ARCs process has potential applications in manufacturing low-cost, large-area solar cells.

  16. Memristive switching in vanadium dioxide thin films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buerger, Danilo; John, Varun; Kovacs, Gyoergy; Skorupa, Ilona; Helm, Manfred; Schmidt, Heidemarie [Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Dresden (Germany)

    2011-07-01

    Memristive devices exhibit an improved performance at ultra-small scales. The microscopic model for memristive behavior in oxide nanostructures often depends on the distribution of oxygen vacancies and is determined by the cation species. In 2008 HP presented the first bipolar TiO2-based memristor for resistive applications, where the drift of oxygen vacancies causes a change in the resistance of ultrathin TiO2 films which can be locally modified by ion implantation. We prepared vanadium dioxide (VO2) thin films with the reversible metal-insulator phase transition at the thermochromic switching temperature of around 340 K by pulsed laser deposition on (0001)-sapphire substrates and analyzed the electric-pulse-induced thermochromic switching in the VO2 gap region at room temperature due to local heating. As a result, we find the typical pinched hysteresis loop of a memristor, a repeatable switching behavior for billions of voltage pulses and switching times shorter than 50 ns in VO2 thin films.

  17. Thin films on cantilevers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nazeer, Hammad

    2012-01-01

    The main goal of the work compiled in this thesis is to investigate thin films for integration in micro electromechanical systems (MEMS). The miniaturization of MEMS actuators and sensors without compromising their performance requires thin films of different active materials with specific propertie

  18. Diffusion length in nanoporous TiO2 films under above-band-gap illumination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. D. Park

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available We determined the carrier diffusion lengths in TiO2 nanoporous layers of dye-sensitized solar cells by using scanning photocurrent microscopy using an ultraviolet laser. Here, we excited the carrier directly in the nanoporous layers where the diffusion lengths were found to 140 μm as compared to that of visible illumination measured at 90 μm. The diffusion length decreased with increasing laser modulation frequency, in which we determined the electron lifetimes and the diffusion coefficients for both visible and UV illuminations. The diffusion lengths have been studied in terms of the sintering temperatures for both cells with and without binding molecules. We found a strong correlation between the diffusion length and the overall light-to-current conversion efficiency, proving that improving the diffusion length and hence the interparticle connections, is key to improving cell efficiency.

  19. Photosensitization of nanoporous TiO2 films with natural dye

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, En Mei; Park, Kyung-Hee; Jin, Bo; Yun, Je-Jung; Gu, Hal-Bon

    2010-05-01

    Dye-sensitized solar cells were assembled by using natural dyes extracted from wormwood, bamboo leaves and red maple leaves as photosensitizers. The Voc values of natural dyes from wormwood, bamboo leaves and maple leaves were 0.67, 0.66 and 0.59, respectively. The ISC values were varied from 2.56 to 5.95 mA cm-2 and the fill factors from 56 to 66%. Based on investigations into the structure and properties of dye molecules, wormwood revealed the best photosensitized effects among several kinds of natural dyes, which is due to the interaction between the carbonyl and hydroxyl groups of anthocyanin and the surface of TiO2; these wormwood extracts act as efficient sensitizers.

  20. Residual stress fields in sol-gel-derived thin TiO2 layers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Teeuw, D.H.J.; Haas, M. de; Hosson, J.Th.M. De

    1999-01-01

    This paper discusses the induction of residual stresses during the curing process of thin titania layers, which are derived using a sol-gel process. During this process, stresses may build up in the spinning stage, the drying stage, and the consolidation stage. The magnitude and character of these s