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Sample records for tiia rtmann ergo

  1. Meditsiinidoktor Tiia Voor / Kaja Julge

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Julge, Kaja, 1957-

    2006-01-01

    Tartu ÜlikooliKliinikumi lastekliiniku resident Tiia Voor kaitses 2. dets. 2005 Tartu Ülikooli arstiteaduskonna nõukogu ees doktoriväitekirja "Allergiahaiguste kujunemise sõltuvus Eesti ja Rootsi laste kokkupuutest mikroorganismidega varajases eas"

  2. Ergo project builds up to full production

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1978-01-01

    The East Rand Gold and Uranium Company (Ergo) - planned on a massive scale to recover gold, uranium and sulphuric acid from the slimes dams of the East Rand - captured imaginations both from a financial and a technical viewpoint. Operationally, the commissioning of the project is now well under way and satisfying profits have already been recorded. A broad look at the background and the design is given

  3. Ergo project builds up to full production

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1979-01-01

    The East Rand Gold and Uranium Company (ERGO) - planned on a massive scale to recover gold, uranium and sulphuric acid from the slimes dams of the East Rand - captured imaginations both from a financial and a technical viewpoint. Operationally, the commissioning of the project is now well under way and satisfying profits have already been recorded. A broad look at the background and the design is given

  4. Tokyo grand prix Laur Tiidemannile ja pronks Tiia Johannsonile

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    Laur Tiidemanni töö "Klaver" netikunstifestivalil "Art on the Net 2001" teemal "Cage-järgsed interaktiivsed helid". Tiia Johannsoni töö "get.real gets real". "Viper" online videofestivali võitis T. Johannsoni töö "Pilvelõhkujad". Lisatud internetiaadressid

  5. The End of Academia?: From "Cogito Ergo Sum" to "Consumo Ergo Sum" Germany and Malaysia in Comparison

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, Kim-Hui,; Har, Wai-Mun

    2008-01-01

    The lack of academic and thinking culture is getting more worried and becomes a major challenge to our academia society this 21st century. Few directions that move academia from "cogito ergo sum" to "consumo ergo sum" are actually leading us to "the end of academia". Those directions are: (1) the death of dialectic;…

  6. Tiia Tamm: sotsiaaltöötajad vajavad rohkem ühiskonna mõistmist ja tuge / Tiia Tamm ; intervjueerinud Regina Lind

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tamm, Tiia, 1949-

    2010-01-01

    Intervjuu Tallinna Ülikooli sotsiaaltöö instituudi õppejõu Tiia Tammega, kes tutvustab artiklis oma Tampere Ülikoolis kaitstud doktoritööd "Professional identity and self-concept of Estonian social workers"

  7. ERGO lõpetas koostöö IIZIga / Silvia Kruusmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kruusmaa, Silvia

    2008-01-01

    ERGO Kindlustus lõpetas koostöö IIZI Kindlustusmaakleriga, kuna viimane lõpetas ERGO liikluskindlustuse pakkumise klientidele. IIZI Kindlustusmaakler süüdistab ERGOt maaklerite suhtes repressiivsete meetmete kasutamises

  8. ErgoVSM: A Tool for Integrating Value Stream Mapping and Ergonomics in Manufacturing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jarebrant, Caroline; Winkel, Jørgen; Johansson Hanse, Jan

    2016-01-01

    to also consider physical exposure in the analyzed production system (ErgoVSM). As the VSM, ErgoVSM is based on a participatory approach. ErgoVSM was tested in a Swedish manufacturing company. The results suggest that ErgoVSM catalyzes change processes to include intervention proposals emphasizing...... ergonomics in addition to waste reduction. Thus, ErgoVSM appeared useful for the investigated target group of production engineers and experienced operators. The performance improvements suggested when using the ordinary VSM seemed not to be hampered by adding the ergonomics complement. However, the use...

  9. Radiation dose modeling using IGRIP and Deneb/ERGO

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vickers, D.S.; Davis, K.R.; Breazeal, N.L.; Watson, R.A.; Ford, M.S.

    1995-01-01

    The Radiological Environment Modeling System (REMS) quantifies dose to humans in radiation environments using the IGRIP (Interactive Graphical Robot Instruction Program) and Deneb/ERGO (Ergonomics) simulation software products. These commercially available products are augmented with custom C code to provide the radiation exposure information to and collect the radiation dose information from the workcell simulations. The emphasis of this paper is on the IGRIP and Deneb/ERGO parts of REMS, since that represents the extension to existing capabilities developed by the authors. Through the use of any radiation transport code or measured data, a radiation exposure input database may be formulated. User-specified IGRIP simulations utilize these database files to compute and accumulate dose to human devices (Deneb's ERGO human) during simulated operations around radiation sources. Timing, distances, shielding, and human activity may be modeled accurately in the simulations. The accumulated dose is recorded in output files, and the user is able to process and view this output. REMS was developed because the proposed reduction in the yearly radiation exposure limit will preclude or require changes in many of the manual operations currently being utilized in the Weapons Complex. This is particularly relevant in the area of dismantlement activities at the Pantex Plant in Amarillo, TX. Therefore, a capability was needed to be able to quantify the dose associated with certain manual processes so that the benefits of automation could be identified and understood

  10. Ergo betters estimates after shaky first years. [Recovery of gold, uranium and sulphuric acid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1982-05-20

    Having completed its fourth year of full operation, East Rand Gold and Uranium (ERGO) has established itself as a succesful low-cost gold producer. The recovering of gold, uranium and sulphuric acid from some old slimes dams has beaten its production estimates for 1981 till the end of March 1982. Overall Ergo has settled down well from its first years of production.

  11. ERGO Jazz Session võõrustab Chris Gall Triot. Vennad Urbid ajakohaste lauludega

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    14. septembril alustab Jazzkaar koostöös ERGO Kindlustusega uut sarja ERGO Jazz Session, mille avaesinejaks on Chris Gall Trio (kontserdid 14. sept.Kumu auditooriumis ja 15. sept. Tartus Athena keskuses). Vendade Urbide kontserdist "Aeg" 13. sept. Vanemuise kontserdimajas

  12. ErgoTMC, A New Tool For Human-Centered TMC Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-04-01

    The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) has recently made available a new tool to assist Transportation Management Center (TMC) managers and designers in incorporating human-centered design principles into their TMCs. ErgoTMC, a web site tailored t...

  13. Anti-nociceptive effects of Tanshinone IIA (TIIA) in a rat model of complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA)-induced inflammatory pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Shukai; Yin, Yue; Yin, Xin; Cao, Fale; Luo, Daoshu; Zhang, Ting; Li, Yunqing; Ni, Longxing

    2012-09-01

    Inflammatory pain is an important clinical symptom. The levels of extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERKs) and the levels of cytokines such as interleukin 1β (IL-1β), interleukin 6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) play important roles in inflammatory pain. Tanshinone IIA (TIIA) is an important component of Danshen, a traditional Chinese medicine that has been commonly used to treat cardiovascular disease. In this study, we investigated the potential anti-inflammatory nociceptive effects of TIIA on complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA)-induced inflammation and inflammatory pain in rats. The effects of TIIA on CFA-induced thermal and mechanical hypersensitivity were investigated using behavioral tests. The levels of ERKs, nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB) and transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) in the fifth segment of the lumbar spinal cord (L5) ganglia were detected by Western blot, and the levels of mRNA and protein production of IL1-β, IL-6 and TNF-α were detected by real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and enzyme-linked immuno sorbent assay (ELISA). In this study, we found that TIIA attenuates the development of CFA-induced mechanical and thermal hypersensitivity. In addition, p-ERK and NF-κB expression levels were inhibited by TIIA, and the levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α were reduced. Finally, we found that the expression level of TRPV1 was significantly decreased after TIIA injection. This study demonstrated that TIIA has significant anti-nociceptive effects in a rat model of CFA-induced inflammatory pain. TIIA can inhibit the activation of ERK signaling pathways and the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines. These results suggest that TIIA may be a potential anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive drug. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. ERGO: a pilot study of ketogenic diet in recurrent glioblastoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rieger, Johannes; Bähr, Oliver; Maurer, Gabriele D; Hattingen, Elke; Franz, Kea; Brucker, Daniel; Walenta, Stefan; Kämmerer, Ulrike; Coy, Johannes F; Weller, Michael; Steinbach, Joachim P

    2014-06-01

    Limiting dietary carbohydrates inhibits glioma growth in preclinical models. Therefore, the ERGO trial (NCT00575146) examined feasibility of a ketogenic diet in 20 patients with recurrent glioblastoma. Patients were put on a low-carbohydrate, ketogenic diet containing plant oils. Feasibility was the primary endpoint, secondary endpoints included the percentage of patients reaching urinary ketosis, progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival. The effects of a ketogenic diet alone or in combination with bevacizumab was also explored in an orthotopic U87MG glioblastoma model in nude mice. Three patients (15%) discontinued the diet for poor tolerability. No serious adverse events attributed to the diet were observed. Urine ketosis was achieved at least once in 12 of 13 (92%) evaluable patients. One patient achieved a minor response and two patients had stable disease after 6 weeks. Median PFS of all patients was 5 (range, 3-13) weeks, median survival from enrollment was 32 weeks. The trial allowed to continue the diet beyond progression. Six of 7 (86%) patients treated with bevacizumab and diet experienced an objective response, and median PFS on bevacizumab was 20.1 (range, 12-124) weeks, for a PFS at 6 months of 43%. In the mouse glioma model, ketogenic diet alone had no effect on median survival, but increased that of bevacizumab-treated mice from 52 to 58 days (pketogenic diet is feasible and safe but probably has no significant clinical activity when used as single agent in recurrent glioma. Further clinical trials are necessary to clarify whether calorie restriction or the combination with other therapeutic modalities, such as radiotherapy or anti-angiogenic treatments, could enhance the efficacy of the ketogenic diet.

  15. ERGO: A pilot study of ketogenic diet in recurrent glioblastoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    RIEGER, JOHANNES; BÄHR, OLIVER; MAURER, GABRIELE D.; HATTINGEN, ELKE; FRANZ, KEA; BRUCKER, DANIEL; WALENTA, STEFAN; KÄMMERER, ULRIKE; COY, JOHANNES F.; WELLER, MICHAEL; STEINBACH, JOACHIM P.

    2014-01-01

    Limiting dietary carbohydrates inhibits glioma growth in preclinical models. Therefore, the ERGO trial (NCT00575146) examined feasibility of a ketogenic diet in 20 patients with recurrent glioblastoma. Patients were put on a low-carbohydrate, ketogenic diet containing plant oils. Feasibility was the primary endpoint, secondary endpoints included the percentage of patients reaching urinary ketosis, progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival. The effects of a ketogenic diet alone or in combination with bevacizumab was also explored in an orthotopic U87MG glioblastoma model in nude mice. Three patients (15%) discontinued the diet for poor tolerability. No serious adverse events attributed to the diet were observed. Urine ketosis was achieved at least once in 12 of 13 (92%) evaluable patients. One patient achieved a minor response and two patients had stable disease after 6 weeks. Median PFS of all patients was 5 (range, 3–13) weeks, median survival from enrollment was 32 weeks. The trial allowed to continue the diet beyond progression. Six of 7 (86%) patients treated with bevacizumab and diet experienced an objective response, and median PFS on bevacizumab was 20.1 (range, 12–124) weeks, for a PFS at 6 months of 43%. In the mouse glioma model, ketogenic diet alone had no effect on median survival, but increased that of bevacizumab-treated mice from 52 to 58 days (pketogenic diet is feasible and safe but probably has no significant clinical activity when used as single agent in recurrent glioma. Further clinical trials are necessary to clarify whether calorie restriction or the combination with other therapeutic modalities, such as radiotherapy or anti-angiogenic treatments, could enhance the efficacy of the ketogenic diet. PMID:24728273

  16. Consumer demand as a driver of improved working conditions: the 'Ergo-Brand' proposition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neumann, W Patrick; Dixon, Shane M; Nordvall, Anna-Carin

    2014-01-01

    This article develops and explores the 'Ergo-Brand' proposition, which posits that consumers may prefer to buy goods that are made under good working conditions (GWCs). This preference would enhance a differentiation strategy for companies, thereby fostering the application of ergonomics in production. This proposition is developed in the context of a narrative review of the literature on 'ethical consumerism'. This is supplemented with a survey study, conducted in both Canada and Sweden (n = 141) to explore this proposition. Results indicate that consumers would prefer goods made under GWCs, but not unconditionally as quality and price concerns were ranked higher. Access to information on the working conditions in production was seen as a barrier. Nevertheless, the Ergo-Brand concept may be a viable avenue in promoting attention towards ergonomics in companies - particularly if consumer habits are subject to intervention by advertising. Further research on this strategy is warranted.

  17. Reduction of Aflatoxin M1 Levels during Ethiopian Traditional Fermented Milk (Ergo Production

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tsige Shigute

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available In this study, the reduction of aflatoxin M1 (AFM1 levels during lab-scale ergo production was investigated through determination of the residual levels of AFM1 using Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay. The results showed gradual and incubation time dependent reduction of AFM1 level in the raw milk samples being fermented to ergo. The maximum reductions of 57.33 and 54.04% were recorded in AFM1 in natural and LAB inoculums initiated fermentations, respectively, in 5 days of incubation. Although a significant difference (P=0.05 in the AFM1 decrease in the two types of fermentations was recorded, such findings could vary with milk samples depending on initial load of the microorganisms as determined by hygienic conditions. However, the level of AFM1 in control (sterilized samples showed only a 5.5% decrease during the entire period of incubation. Microbiological investigation showed increasing LAB counts with incubation time. A gradual decrease in pH of the milk samples was observed during fermentation. Considering the fact that both viable and dead bacterial cells could remove AFM1 during ergo production, the mechanism is proposed as predominantly involving noncovalent binding of the toxin with the chemical components of the bacterial cell wall.

  18. ERGO grown on Ni-Cu foam frameworks by constant potential method as high performance electrodes for supercapacitors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirzaee, Majid; Dehghanian, Changiz; Sabet Bokati, Kazem

    2018-04-01

    This study presents composite electrode materials based on Electrochemically Reduced graphene oxide (ERGO) and Ni-Cu Foam for supercapacitor applications. Constant potential (CP) method was used to form reduced graphene oxide on Ni-Cu foam and characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-Ray Photoelectron Spectra (XPS), Raman Spectroscopy and electrochemical measurements. ERGO improves the electrical conduction leading to decrease of the internal resistance of the heterostructure. The ERGO served as a conductive network to facilitate the collection and transportation of electrons during the cycling, improved the conductivity of Ni-Cu foam, and allowed for a larger specific surface area. The irregular porous structure allowed for the easy diffusion of the electrolyte into the inner region of the electrode. Moreover, the nanocomposite directly fabricated on Ni-Cu foam with a better adhesion and avoided the use of polymer binder. This method efficiently reduced ohmic polarization and enhanced the rate capability. As a result, the Ni-Cu foam/ERGO nanocomposite exhibited a specific capacitance of 1259.3 F g-1 at 2 A g-1and about 99.3% of the capacitance retained after 5000 cycles. The capacitance retention was about 3% when the current density increased from 2 A g-1 to 15 A g-1. This two-step process drop cast and GO reduction by potentiostatic method is nontoxic and scalable and holds promise for improved energy density from redox capacitance in comparison with the conventional double layer supercapacitors.

  19. Incognito ergo sum. O wytwarzaniu obojętności

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joanna Tokarska-Bakir

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Incognito ergo sum: on indifference  The present article is an analysis of various types of indifference of non-Jewish inhabitants of Warsaw to the plight of Jewish Poles. The words of Krzysztof Dunin-Wąsowicz, a historian and “Żegota” activist, provide the vantage point for the analysis: Dunin-Wąsowicz claimed that around 75 per cent of the inhabitants of Warsaw “were indifferent to what was taking place behind the Ghetto wall”. Thomas Kuhne hypothesised that it was Germans’ indifference to the Jewish – not hatred – that legitimised the Nazi racial policies of the 1930s. This statement might also apply to the “75 per cent of the inhabitants of Warsaw”. The article is mainly based on articles published by ZWZ-AK, in particular Biuletyn Informacyjny.   Incognito ergo sum. O wytwarzaniu obojętności Autorka analizuje różne odcienie obojętności nieżydowskich mieszkańców Warszawy w latach czterdziestych wobec losu żydowskich Polaków. Punktem wyjścia jest zdanie Krzysztofa Dunin-Wąsowicza, historyka i działacza „Żegoty”, który stwierdził, że dla około 75 procent mieszkańców Warszawy „obojętne było to, co działo się poza murem getta”. Powołując się na tezę Thomasa Kuhnego, że to właśnie obojętność Niemców wobec Żydów – a nie nienawiść w stosunku do nich – „spowodowała masowe poparcie nazistowskiej polityki rasowej w latach trzydziestych”, autorka zastanawia się, czy „podobnej opinii nie można by sformułować pod adresem” 75 procent mieszkańców Warszawy. Materiał do analizy stanowią w znacznej mierze publikacje prasy ZWZ-AK, w tym przede wszystkim „Biuletyn Informacyjny”.

  20. Redesigning the work system of rubber industries based on total ergonomics and ergo-micmac integration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Setiawan, H.

    2018-01-01

    The factory capacity achievement and the bottleneck reduction of production process at wet-blanket workstations are influenced by the balance of life quality rates and worker’s productivity, along with the worker’s ability and limitations, tasks, organization and work environment. The life quality of workers is indicated by: the reduction of workload, and fatigue. Meanwhile, work productivity is measured by increasing production results per work shift. The optimization of the quality of life and productivity of workers is achieved by redesigning the system and workstations based on ergonomics integrating Total Ergonomics with Ergo-MicMac (Micro Ergonomics and Macro Ergonomics), which includes redesigning wet-blanket folding worktable, regulating the system pattern of working in pairs, giving official break time, giving extra nutritious intakes such as sweet tea and snack Pempek, giving personal protective equipments, and redesigning physical working environments.This study was an experimental study, with treatment by subject design involving 30 workers sampled at a workstation condition before and after Ergonomics based redesign. The findings and conclusions of the study were derived from the reduction of the workload by 16.06%, fatigue by 18.84% and the increase of production results per work shift by 20.29%.

  1. Interest of the Ergo-Kit(®) for the clinical practice of the occupational physician. A study of 149 patients recruited in a rehabilitation program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caron, J; Ronzi, Y; Bodin, J; Richard, I; Bontoux, L; Roquelaure, Y; Petit, A

    2015-10-01

    Functional capacity evaluation is commonly used to assess the abilities of patients to perform some tasks. Ergo-Kit(®) is a validated tool assessing both functional capacities of patients and workplace demands. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relevance of the Ergo-Kit(®) data for occupational physicians during the return-to-work process. A retrospective and monocenter study was conducted on all patients included in a rehabilitation program and assessed with the Ergo-Kit(®) tool between 2005 and 2014. Workplace demands and patients' functional capacities were evaluated and confronted. Self-beliefs and perceived disability were also assessed and compared to the functional capacity evaluation. One hundred and forty-nine working-age patients (85 men, 64 women; 39±12 years) suffering from musculoskeletal disorders or other diseases were included. Main causes of mismatch between workplace demands and functional capacities were manual handling of loads, postures with arms away from the body and repetitive motions at work; sitting posture was correlated with a lesser physical workload; and Oswestry score was correlated with functional capacities evaluated by the Ergo-Kit(®). Ergo-Kit(®) is a relevant tool to assess the multidimensional aspects of workplace demands and functional capacities. It could be very helpful for occupational physicians to manage return-to-work. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  2. Del cogito, ergo sum, al volo, ergo sum. Influència de la subjectivitat il·lustrada de Kant i la subjectivitat romàntica de Herder en l'evolució de la pedagogia

    OpenAIRE

    Barnola Canales, Quim

    2016-01-01

    El "Cogito ergo sum" ens situa en el racionalisme de Descartes, del qual partiran els il·lustrats amb Immanuel Kant al capdavant. En canvi, el romanticisme amb Herder considera que la raó no és prioritària en la construcció de l'individu, sinó que primer estan els sentits, després la fantasia i en tercer lloc la raó. Heus ací la contraposició entre raó geomètrica i raó dialèctica. A través de l'evolució de la pedagogia es debaten aquests termes fins a arribar als seguidors de l'Escola Nova, q...

  3. Potentials of speech disorders correction in 4-6 yrs children by means of ergo and art therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. B. Petrenko

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to work out methodic of speech disorders correction in 4-6 yrs children by ergo and art therapy means. Material: during academic year three groups of children (n=97 were being observed: two groups - with speech disorders (control and main and one group of healthy children. Psycho-motor and cognitive functions were assessed with the help of tests for motor coordination (speed of their fulfillment, verbal thinking. Results: it was found that characteristic feature of such children is critical estimation of own speech insufficiency and conscious avoiding oral answers. By cluster analysis results increase of homogeneity in psycho-physical condition’s positive changes, cognitive functions and dance abilities resulted from dance-correction training program were shown. Conclusions: the worked out dance-correction choreographic trainings helps in the following: developing rhythm sense; strengthening of skeleton and muscles; memory, attention, thinking and imagination simulation. Acquiring of such experience will help a child to further successfully train different art-creative and sports kinds of activities; to master choreography and gymnastic as well as different musical instruments.

  4. Invitro Evaluation Of Antibacterial Activity Of Lactic Acid Bacteria Isolated From Ergo And Qotchqotcha Ethiopian Traditional Fermented Foods Against Some Selected Food Borne Pathogens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lamenew Fenta

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The prevention of pathogenic bacteria by lactic acid bacteria LAB isolated directly from foods is an innovative approach. With the aim of determining the anti-bacterial activity of Lactic acid bacteria isolated from ergo and qotchqotcha Ethiopian fermented food 12 samples of each were taken from the 4 different kebeles of Assosa town. Isolation of LAB from the selected samples were carried out using MRS media. The different set of isolates were characterized using primary biochemical tests. Isolates which were gram positive catalase negative and KOH negative were considered to be presumptive LAB and further characterized by using different biochemical tests for further identification. 16 isolates from ergo samples were isolated. Based on Bergeys manual of determinative bacteriology the 16 isolates belonged to four 4 LAB species namely Lactobacillus acidophilus 18.75 Lactobacillus casei 31.25 Streptococcus thermophiles 25 and Lactobacillus bulgaricus 25. Likewise 5 isolates were isolated from Qotchqotcha and the five isolates were found to be Lactobacillus acidophilus 80 and Pediococcus acidilactici 20. Cell free solution from MRS broth culture of theses LAB was prepared and tested against Escherichia coli O157H7 and Staphylococcus aureus using agar-well diffusion method. Of the 16 isolates isolated from ergo 9 of them show antimicrobial activity against E. coli O157H7 with a largest inhibition zone measured about 7.331.20mm by EK0101 and 12 of them show antimicrobial activity against S. aureus with a largest inhibition zone measured about 11.66 0.88mm by EK0201. On the basis of morphological and biochemical test done EK0101 was found to be presumptive Lactobacillus acidophilus and EK0201 to be Streptococcus thermophiles. All of the isolates isolated from Qotchqotcha showed antimicrobial activity against the tested organisms though there was a significant difference in their activity P0.05. The isolate QK0201 showed an inhibition zone of about 6

  5. Modification of working conditions based on ergo THK reducing workload, muscle tension, and fatigue of rice milling workers in J village

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruliati, L. P.; Adiputra, N.; Sutjana, I. D. P.; Sutajaya, I. M.

    2017-11-01

    Rice mill is one of the businesses in informal sector. From the rice milling process, ergonomic problems arise when employees work with bent position that done repeatedly to lift grain sacks to be transferred to peeler machine. This situation will affect the comfort of work, thus increasing the workload, muscle tension, and fatigue. The consequence will certainly affect the health and productivity of workers. In this study introduces ergo Tri Hita Karana (ergo THK) as an ergonomics intervention model which solves ergonomics problems of the cultural aspects of THK. The study aim is to determine the modification of working conditions based Ergo THK to reduce workload, muscle tension and fatigue. This research uses Randomized Pretest and Posttest Control Group Design experimental design. The subjects were 30 male rice mill workers with an age range of 16 until 56 years, and then divided into 15 subjects in the control group and 15 subjects in the treatment group. The results showed that the average posttest workloads in the control group are 136.950 more less 0.297 and in the treatment group are 107.60 more less 0.396. Significance analysis showed that after the two groups done their activities, the average workload significantly different p less than 0.005. The amount of reduction in the workload between the two groups was 21.43 percent. In muscle tension posttest showed that the mean score of the muscle tension in the control group was 62.67 more less 7.31 and the treatment group was 20.96 more less 2.96. Significance analysis showed that both groups mean muscle-tension results were significantly different p less than 0.005. The amount of reduction in tension between the control group and the treatment group while working was 66.55 percent. At fatigue posttest showed that the mean score of fatigue in the control group was 76.40 more less 13.51 and the treatment group was 55.53 more less 9.51. Significant analysis showed that the mean fatigue of both groups

  6. Plaadid / Tiia Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tiia, 1959-

    2002-01-01

    Uutest plaatidest "Chiled Classics", Rullnokad "Ruulib täiega", JJ72 "I To Sky", Styrenes "Terry Riley: In C", "Everything But The Girl", Ryan Adams "Demolition", Bon Jovi "Bounce", Slum Village "Trinity"

  7. Plaadid / Tiia Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tiia, 1959-

    2002-01-01

    Uutest plaatidest Klaus König "Black Moments", Weekend Players "Pursuit Of Happiness", Da Buzz "Wanna Be With Me?", Covenant "Northern Light", Tracy Chapman "Lett It Rain", Jeff "Tain" Watts "Bar Talk", Marco "Anna aega", Cassius "Aau Reve"

  8. Koorielu / Tiia Penjam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Penjam, Tiia, 1955-

    2002-01-01

    6. ja 7. IV Pärnus toimunud Mart Saare 120. sünniaastapäevale pühendatud VII Eesti kammerkooride festivalist. Tartu meeskoor Gaudeamus andis 14. IV kontserdi Riia toomkirikus. TÜ kammerkoor ja Vaasa üliõpilaskoor annavad Viljandis ühiskontserdi. Eesti Naislaulu Seltsi juhatus korraldas teabepäeva naiskooride esinaistele ja koorivanematele

  9. Networks / Tiia Johannson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Johannson, Tiia, 1965-2002

    2002-01-01

    11.-25. IV Kanadas Newfoundlandi saare pealinnas St. Johnis toimunud meediakunstifestivalist "Networks" alapealkirjaga "A Placeless Space". Kuraator Andrea Cooper. Pikemalt Liz Pickardi installatsioonist "Museum of the Mind". Virtuaalse ruumina kasutati virtuaalmaailma "OnLive Traveller"

  10. Hintikkovo "cogito, ergo sum"

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kuneš, Jan

    2003-01-01

    Roč. 51, č. 5 (2003), s. 801-814 ISSN 0015-1831 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAB9009201 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z9009908 Keywords : René Descartes * Immanuel Kant * Johann Gottlieb Fichte Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion

  11. More Ergo, Less Aargh!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roy, Ken

    2005-01-01

    Unless the teacher is working at an ergonomically designed workstation, using a computer can result in eyestrain, neck aches, backaches, and headaches. Unfortunately, most teachers do their keyboarding at desks, on lab tables, and in other spaces that were not designed with computer use in mind. Ergonomics is the science of adapting workstations,…

  12. Cogito Componentiter Ergo Sum

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Lars Kai; Feng, Ling

    2006-01-01

    Cognitive component analysis (COCA) is defined as the process of unsupervised grouping of data such that the ensuing group structure is well-aligned with that resulting from human cognitive activity. We present evidence that independent component analysis of abstract data such as text, social...... interactions, music, and speech leads to low level cognitive components....

  13. Beethoveni festival Beethoveni linnas / Tiia Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tiia, 1959-

    2009-01-01

    Iga-aastasest Saksamaa suurimast klassikalise muusika festivalist Beethovenfest'ist Bonnis, festivali korralduslikust poolest, alafestivalidest. Festivali intendant Ilona Schmiel. Deutsche Kammerphilarmonie, Paavo Järvi dirigeerimisel, esinemisest festivalil

  14. Soome Nokia on muusika / Tiia Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tiia, 1959-

    2011-01-01

    Helsingis avatud Muusikkitalost, mis on koduks Sibeliuse Akadeemiale, Helsingi Linnaorkesterile ja Soome Raadio Sümfooniorkesterile. Kontserdimaja arhitektid Marko Kivistö, Ola Laiho ja Mikko Pulkkinen ning akustik Yasuhisa Toyota

  15. Indrek Treufeldti kaks elu / intervjueerinud Tiia Nightingale

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Treufeldt, Indrek, 1969-

    2014-01-01

    Intervjuu telesaate "Kahekõne" saatejuhi ning doktorikraadiga teadlase ja Balti Filmi- ja Meediakooli õppejõu Indrek Treufeldtiga telesaate ja teaduse tegemisest, Eesti ja maailma probleemidest, eesti keele tulevikust

  16. Loomingu ja looja vahel / Tiia Penjam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Penjam, Tiia, 1955-

    2009-01-01

    Jutuajamine luuletaja Sulev Olliga, kes on töötanud mitmel pool ja kes on jõudnud Maalehte tagasi juba kolmandat korda. Miks? Jutuajamise ajendas Karl Eduard Söödi lasteluule auhind luulekogu "Hea tuju kuju" eest. Samas ka kogumikust "Öö mõte on kuus" ja luuletusest Ellen Niidust "Tädi Ellen" ning luuletusest "Pilvist põlvini"

  17. Arhitektuurikonkurss õnnestus / Tiia-Helle Schmitte

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Schmitte, Tiia-Helle

    2005-01-01

    Arhitektuurivõistlusest, mille eesmärgiks oli saada parim lahendus Mahtra talurahvamuuseumi kaasajastamiseks ja laiendamiseks. Žürii (osalejad loetletud) tunnistas parimaks Tomomi Hayashi ja Hanno Grossschmidti (HG Arhitektuur) võistlustöö. Näitus konkursitöödest oli vaadata muuseumis

  18. online-osa festivalil / Tiia Johannson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Johannson, Tiia, 1965-2002

    1998-01-01

    Prantsusmaa, Balti ja Põhjamaade video ja uue meedia festival "offline@online" Eesti Kunstiakadeemias. Ka eesti netikunstist, festivali korralduslikust küljest, tulevikuplaanidest. Erilist äramärkimist leidis sloveenia kunstniku Vuk Cosici töö "ascii history of moving images", online-presentatsioonide osas Lev Manovichi teoreetiline loeng "Uue meedia keel". Aadress festivali netikunsti vaatamiseks

  19. Põlva poisid teevad filmiga ilma / Tiia Allas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Allas, Tiia

    2000-01-01

    Põlvas elavad kooliõpilased Christian Kask ja Daniel Müntinen said Theodor Lutsu filmipäevadel parima animafilmi auhinna oma filmiga "UFO" ja kandideerisid lühimängufilmidega "Voitkajaht" ja "Snaiper" peaauhinnale

  20. Vabaduses äraunustatud lapsed / Tiia Lister

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lister, Tiia

    2004-01-01

    Ülemaailmse Tervishoiuorganisatsiooni uuringust ilmneb, et Eesti teismelised on vägivaldsemad kui nende eakaaslased Euroopas ja Põhja-Ameerikas. Selle põhjusena tuuakse vanemate liigset pühendumist tööle ja laste tähelepanuta jätmist

  1. Kui õppimine ei edene / Tiia Lister

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lister, Tiia

    2006-01-01

    Soome Instituudis toimus 27. veebruaril õppepäev "Kui õppimine ei edene", et tutvustada, kuidas Soomes on nii riiklikul kui ka koolisisesel tasandil liigutud õpilasele kõige sobivama ja kasulikuma abistamisvormi otsingul

  2. Narva zakazala skulptoru Aivaru Simsonu eskiz pamjatnika Keresu / Tiia Linnard

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Linnard, Tiia, 1962-

    2006-01-01

    Narva linnavalitsus tellis Aivar Simsonilt Paul Kerese monumendi eskiisi. Monument plaanitakse avada 2007. a. Kerese tänavale maletaja nime kandma hakkava kaubanduskeskuse ette. Istuva monumendi kõrguseks plaanitakse 2,30 meetrit. Eskiise on ka teistelt skulptoritelt

  3. Kasvavad ohud - uimastite tarvitamine, HIV ja tuberkoloos / Tiia Pertel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pertel, Tiia

    2005-01-01

    Autori hinnangul iseloomustavad Eestit uimastite tarbimise kasv laste ja noorte seas, uimastite esmakasutajate pidev noorenemine, HIV-nakkuse kiire levik ning narkootikumidega seostuvate õigusrikkumiste arvu kasv. Diagrammid. Graafik. Tabel

  4. Põlvas näeb Ove Mustingu filmi / Tiia Allas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Allas, Tiia

    2006-01-01

    8. jaan. linastub Põlva kultuurikeskuses lühimängufilm "Vanameeste paradiis" : stsenaristid Ove Musting (ka idee autor), Urmas Lennuk : režissöör Ove Musting : operaator Mait Mäekivi : helilooja Arian Levin : kunstnik Eva-Marina Gramanovski : näitlejad Tõnu Aav, Aleksander Eelmaa, Tõnu Oja, Ants Ander, Henry Kõrvits : Downtown Pictures 2005

  5. Tarantino film jõudis lõuendile / Tiia Linnard

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Linnard, Tiia, 1962-

    2005-01-01

    Tarantino filmide fänn ja kunstitudeng Maarit Murka kandis "Kill Billi" kaadreid lõuendile, et kummitama jäänud linateose painest lahti saada. Tema näitust "Umabill" saab vaadata Jõhvi kunstikooli galeriis

  6. Telenõustaja tõttab appi / Tiia Kõnnussaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kõnnussaar, Tiia

    2007-01-01

    Mida soovitavad populaarsed lapsekasvatussaated vanematele : inglise dokumentaalsarjad "Teismelised inglid", Eesti Televisioon ja "Superlapsehoidja", Kanal 2. Artikli autor vaatas saateid koos 17.a. nooruki ja 6. aastase poisiga

  7. Tõeline arhitektuur kolis linnast Juuru valda / Tiia Truu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Truu, Tiia, 1948-

    2005-01-01

    Arhitektuurivõistlusest, mille eesmärgiks oli saada parim lahendus Mahtra muuseumi laiendamiseks. Esimene preemia - märgusõna "Heinamaa", Tomomi Hayashi ja Hanno Grossschmidt arhitektuuribüroost HG Arhitektuur. Teine preemia - märgusõna "Talgud", Andres Lember ja Tarmo Maiste arhitektuuribüroost Male Arhitektid. Kolmas preemia - märgusõna "Pärand", arhitekt Liina Jaanus

  8. Golõshom i publitshno / Sofja Bauer, Tiia Linnard

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bauer, Sofia, 1947-2001

    1998-01-01

    Ida-Virumaa kunstnike kevadnäitusest Jõhvis, kujundas Aleksandr Igonin. Tutvustatakse osalevaid kunstnikke : Kalev Prits (Pump), Aleksandr Igonin, Aira ja Mati Rautso, Ljudmila Maisurjan, Andres Malõgin, Irja Annus, Juri Horev jt.

  9. Jõhvi kunstikoolis tehti märulit / Tiia Linnard

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Linnard, Tiia, 1962-

    2002-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli maalikunsti 6 tudengit ja õppejud Jüri Kask tegid Jõhvi kunstikoolis action paintingut (grupimaalimine). Jaan Elkeni kommentaarid action painting tüüpi kunsti ajaloost ja enda grupiviisilisest maalimisest 1999. a. koos Marko Mäetamme ja Kaido Olega.

  10. Skulptorid kangutavad kaht kaevurit / Vitali Kozeratski ; intervjueerinud Tiia Linnard

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kozeratski, Vitali

    2009-01-01

    Euroülikoolis disaini ja sisekujundust õppiv Vitali Kozeratski ja tema Ukrainas elav skulptorist isa Juri Kozeratski soovivad asendada Kohtla-Järve monumentaalskulptuuri "Au tööle" tänapäevasemaga

  11. Vaheta vanaema suvepiiga vastu - üllatushinnad! / Tiia Penjam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Penjam, Tiia, 1955-

    2009-01-01

    Vastukaja artiklile: Laisk, Mart. Dehumaniseeritud koolisüsteem. Postimees, 27.05.2009. Samas ka kultuuritusest ja lahmivast halvustamisest omakasupüüdlikel ajenditel TEA kirjastuse koduleheküljel. Samas ka Urmas Vadi luuletus "Vahetus", mis ilmus 28. mai "EE Areenis"

  12. Alushariduse kvaliteet rahvusvahelises arutelus / Tiia Õun

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Õun, Tiia

    2013-01-01

    Rahvusvahelisest EECERA 23. konverentsist, mis ühendab Euroopa alushariduse uurijaid, juhte, õpetajaid ja üliõpilasi. Konverents toimus 28.-31. aug. Tallinna Ülikoolis, Eesti-poolne peakorraldaja oli Tallinna Ülikooli professor Marika Veisson

  13. Laps ja lapsekesksus / Ugaste [Saar] Aino, Tiia Õun

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ugaste, Aino

    2001-01-01

    26.-27. okt. 2001 toimus Jyväskyla Ülikoolis FACEI (The Finland Association for Childhood Education International) rahvusvaheline kasvatusalane konverents, mille temaatika oli seotud õpikeskkonnaga. Kokkuvõtted Stockholmi Ülikooli professori Gunila Dahlbergi ja Oulu Ülikooli professori Eeva Hujala ettekannetest

  14. Kuskil on siiski kallutatud jõud / Tiia Penjam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Penjam, Tiia, 1955-

    2009-01-01

    2009. aasta laulu- ja tantsupeoks tehtavast eeltööst. Vastukajas Rein Siku neljale artiklile Eesti Päevalehes (2009, aprill) ja Paavo Roolaiu artiklile "Eelolevast laulu- ja tantsupeost" ajalehes Postimees (2009) 27. märts

  15. Cogito, ergo insomnis : I think, therefore I am sleepless

    OpenAIRE

    Norell-Clarke, Annika

    2014-01-01

    Insomnia is a common health complaint that often becomes a persistent problem. The theoretical frameworks for understanding and treating insomnia have mostly been behavioural, yet the importance of cognitive processes has received greater attention over the years. The overall aim of this dissertation was to expand the knowledge on the processes from the Cognitive Model of Insomnia by investigating them in novel contexts. Study I examined the outcomes from cognitive therapy for insomnia on ado...

  16. Director murrab pead : Meeskond versus staar / Ergo Metsla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Metsla, Ergo

    2008-01-01

    Küsimusele, kuidas säilitada hästi töötav meeskond ja ka võimekas müügimees, otsivad lahendusi CV-Onlineþi turundusjuht Helen Hinno, Invicta tegevjuht Peeter Puskai, OÜ Sirje Tammiste Konsultatsioonibüroo koolitaja Sirje Tammiste, AS-i NT Marine müügi- ja teenindusjuht Jaan Lember. Vt. ka vastukaja Director nr. 2 lk. 42

  17. 20171130_Ind Ergo Report_631 DI Water Movement Process.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rivera, Cynthia R. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    2017-11-30

    Perform an industrial ergonomic assessment to evaluate the new procedures for filling, lifting, and delivering high purity de-ionized water to building 9925. The goal was to improve on the previous method by minimizing/eliminating as much lifting and bending as possible to reduce the potential for overexertion-related injuries.

  18. Comedo ergo sum. Reflexiones sobre la identidad cultural alimentaria

    OpenAIRE

    Duhart, Fr??d??ric

    2002-01-01

    Comer es un hecho social total, que moviliza las tres dimensiones (fisiol??gica, psicol??gica y social) del hombre. Por eso existe una fuerte relaci??n entre alimentaci??n e identidad. Tanto a escala individual como nacional, las identidades culturales alimentarias se edifican poco a poco, a trav??s de pr??cticas y discursos. Tales identidades son din??micas por esencia y cultivan v??nculos estrechos con un complejo imaginario. Aqu??, presento sus principales caracter??sticas en la perspectiv...

  19. Anne-Ly Reimaa : "Suhtlemisel on oluline avatus" / Anne-Ly Reimaa ; interv. Tiia Linnard

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reimaa, Anne-Ly

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje : Subbota 3. september lk. 5. Intervjueeritav oma tööst Brüsselis, kus esindab Eesti linnade liitu ja Eesti maaomavalitsuste liitu. Arvamust avaldavad Anne Jundas ja Kaia Kaldvee. Lisa: CV

  20. Aineüleste pädevuste koolitus Pestalozzi programmi raames / Tiia Pukk, Tiiu Vaher

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pukk, Tiia

    2011-01-01

    1969 alguse saanud Pestalozzi koolitusprogramm on suunatud Euroopa kultuurikonventsiooniga ühinenud 49 riigi haridustöötajatele. Seekordne üritus toimus Tartus, koolituse teemaks aineülesed pädevused

  1. Olulised on kokkulepped Euroopa vaesema ja rikkama osa vahel / Viktor Sartakov ; interv. Tiia Truu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sartakov, Viktor, 1947-

    2002-01-01

    Eestimaa Tootjate Keskliidu juhatuse esimees Viktor Sartakov osalemisest Kopenhaagenis EL-i Põllumajandusorganisatsioonide Komitee (COPA) ja Põllumajandusühistute Peakomitee (COGECA) toimkondade töös, EL-i liikmesmaade suhtumisest kandidaatriikidesse, EL-iga liitumise kasust, ohtudest

  2. Põhja-Eesti pankrannik ei saa UNESCO maailmapärandiks / Tiia Linnard

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Linnard, Tiia, 1962-

    2006-01-01

    Vt. ka Severnoje Poberezhje 8. juuli. Keskkonnaministeerium võttis tagasi UNESCO maailmapärandi komiteele esitatud avalduse kanda Põhja-Eesti pankrannik maailmapärandi nimekirja, kuna eelinfo kohaselt jääks taotlus rahuldamata

  3. The Emergence and Success Factors of Fast Internationalizers : Four Cases from Estonia / Tiia Vissak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vissak, Tiia, 1975-

    Artiklis analüüsitakse Eesti ettevõtete rahvusvahelistumisprotsessi, nelja erinevas valdkonnas tegutseva ettevõtte varal näidatakse, et innovaatilisus aitab leida arenguks vajalikke koostööpartnereid

  4. TÜ ja TPÜ uusi magistreid 2002 / Tiia Margus, Hille Roots, Krista Kerge

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Margus, Tiia

    2003-01-01

    TÜ eesti ja soome-ugri keeleteaduse osakonnas kaitsesid 2002.a. magistritööd N. Gordejeva, T. Leemets, S. Mäearu, M. Raadik, A. Tavast, K. Kikas, S. Iva, T. Iva, N. Kuznetsov, K. Strandson, L. Talejeva, M. Allik, V. Ernštreits, K. Kuldnokk, K. Praakli, E. Laanes, A. Pilv, K. Talviste, L. Hion, P. Noorhani, R. Hindrikus, J. Oras, L. Jääts. TPÜ eesti keele ja soome-ugri keelte magistrikraadi kaitsmisnõukogu ees kaitsesid magistritööd M. Pesti, K. Aava, J. Kallas, A. Lange, I. Kivirähk

  5. Jooksevkonto defitsiit kui Eesti jätkusuutliku majandusarengu takistaja / Tiia Vissak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vissak, Tiia, 1975-

    2004-01-01

    Jookevkonto puudujäägi ja jätkusuutlikkuse vahelistest seostest, Eesti jooksevkonto analüüs ja soovitusi selle defitsiidi vähendamiseks. Skeemid. Graafikud. Tabel: Jooksevkonto defitsiidi mõjutajad

  6. Biohäkkimine : mikrobioloogia kui kunstimeedium, ehk, Küberkoodist biokoodini / Tiia Johannson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Johannson, Tiia, 1965-2002

    2001-01-01

    Uus kunstnike kommuun üritab loodust üle kavaldada, kasutades molekulaarbioloogiat uut tüüpi interaktiivse kunsti loomiseks: Eduardo Kac'i jäneseprojekt "GFP Bunny" ja transgeneetiline netiinstallatsioon "Genesis"

  7. Ellen Aitsam - õpetaja kõige paremas mõttes / Tiia Truu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Truu, Tiia

    2007-01-01

    Persoonilugu 33 aastat Vigalas keemia-, biloogia- ja geograafiaõpetajana töötanud Ellen Aitsamist. Mare Mursak-Ülemaante; Jaan Moor; Evi Tikerpalu-Andrejev; Elme Tiits-Moor: Mis meenub õpetaja Ellen Aitsamist?

  8. TÜ ja TPÜ magistreid 2001 / Tiia Margus, Hille Roots, Krista Kerge

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Margus, Tiia

    2002-01-01

    TÜ eesti ja soome-ugri keeleteaduse osakonnas kaitsesid 2001.a. magistritööd M. Aksli, E. Saar, M. Mihkla, R. Pärss, I. Nikopensius, K. Prillop, O. Nagel, K. Labi, M. Chamberlin, K. Pai, K. Sarv, E. Vainik, A. Tuisk, J. Kronberg, A. Korb, L. Pärlin, P. Peiker, H. Kirk, R. Undusk, A. Org, M. Kalda, V. Ränik, M.-A. Remmel. TPÜ filoloogiateaduskonna eesti filoloogia, soome filoloogia ja kirjandusteaduse alaste magistritööde kaitsmise nõukogu ees kaitsesid 2001.a. magistritööd S. Salla, E. Lindsalu ja M. Tuur

  9. Narvas näeb Eesti tantsuauhinna võitnud tantsulavastust / Rene Nõmmik ; intervjueerinud Tiia Linnart

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nõmmik, Rene, 1962-

    2015-01-01

    Narva kultuurimajas Rugodiv näeb Fine5 tantsuteatri lavastust "...and blue", mis võitis tänavu Eesti teatriauhinna. Etenduse koreograafideks ja lavastajateks on Tiina Ollesk ja Rene Nõmmik, keda on palutud lavastama ka Venemaale. Intervjuu Rene Nõmmikuga

  10. Iga laps on kallisvara - poisid kaasa arvatud : mille eest õpetajatele palka makstakse / Tiia Lister

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lister, Tiia

    2006-01-01

    Meie koolides on lapsi, eriti poisse, keda on vaja toetada nii kooli kui ka kodu poolt, et nad saaksid hariduse ja jõuaks kasvada küpseks inimeseks, õpetajatele selle eest palka makstaksegi, et nad õpetaksid kõiki lapsi

  11. Kohtla-Järve kunstnik maalis Koreas kaks hiigelkoopiat / Tiia Linnard

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Linnard, Tiia, 1962-

    2004-01-01

    Aarne Hanni maalis Rogier van der Weydeni Johannese altarimaali 160 x 205 cm suuruse koopia, mis leiab koha Souli hiigelkirikus. Teine tundmatu maali koopia kujutas Jeesust ja Peetrust. Kunstniku kommentaarid

  12. Consumero, ergo sum : tarbin, järelikult olen olemas / Veronika Kalmus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalmus, Veronika, 1973-

    2005-01-01

    Sotsioloog tutvustab Tartu Ülikooli ajakirjanduse ja kommunikatsiooni osakonna ja uuringufirma Faktum poolt 2002. aasta lõpust kuni 2003. aasta alguseni läbiviidud küsitluse "Mina. Maailm. Meedia" tulemusi. Uuriti Eesti elanike rahalisi võimalusi. Diagrammid: Auto, reisid, arvuti kättesaadavad vähestele

  13. Modelo para implantação de programa de ergonomia na empresa - MipErgo

    OpenAIRE

    Righi, Carlos Antonio Ramirez

    2002-01-01

    Tese (doutorado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, 2002. Em muito evoluíram os sistemas de produção a partir da segunda metade do século XX. A mais importante mudança inserida nesse processo evolutivo foi a substituição da índole tecnocêntrica (que então regia a atividade laboral referenciando-a no hardware tecnológico) pela visão antropocêntrica da produção. O ser humano como ator central do trabalho, principal característica da atividade artesanal e que havia sido ...

  14. Cogito ergo video: Task-relevant information is involuntarily boosted into awareness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gayet, Surya; Brascamp, Jan W; Van der Stigchel, Stefan; Paffen, Chris L E

    2015-01-01

    Only part of the visual information that impinges on our retinae reaches visual awareness. In a series of three experiments, we investigated how the task relevance of incoming visual information affects its access to visual awareness. On each trial, participants were instructed to memorize one of two presented hues, drawn from different color categories (e.g., red and green), for later recall. During the retention interval, participants were presented with a differently colored grating in each eye such as to elicit binocular rivalry. A grating matched either the task-relevant (memorized) color category or the task-irrelevant (nonmemorized) color category. We found that the rivalrous stimulus that matched the task-relevant color category tended to dominate awareness over the rivalrous stimulus that matched the task-irrelevant color category. This effect of task relevance persisted when participants reported the orientation of the rivalrous stimuli, even though in this case color information was completely irrelevant for the task of reporting perceptual dominance during rivalry. When participants memorized the shape of a colored stimulus, however, its color category did not affect predominance of rivalrous stimuli during retention. Taken together, these results indicate that the selection of task-relevant information is under volitional control but that visual input that matches this information is boosted into awareness irrespective of whether this is useful for the observer.

  15. Juhtimisülesanne : ja kalad saavad ka kinga / Ergo Metsla ; kommenteerinud Algis Perens, Liis Luuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Metsla, Ergo, 1968-

    2010-01-01

    Juhtimisülesanne, kus ettevõte on pärast turu kokkulanemist sattunud majanduslikesse raskustesse ning ettevõtte juhid on valiku ees, kas lõhkuda aastaid koos töötanud meeskond ja koondada töötajaid või leida firma püsimajäämiseks mõni muu variant. Lahendust otsivad konsultantsioonifirma Helvetia Balti Partnerid juhatuse esimees Algis Perens ja Kalev SPA Veekeskuse müügi- ja turundusassistent Liis Luuk

  16. ERGO-DESIGN AND CONTENT DEVELOPMENT CONSIDERATIONS FOR AN INTERACTIVE MULTIMEDIA KIOSK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agus Windharto

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Basic aspects of user interface design related to human cognitive system have been considered into most computer software applications recently especially those applications using the standard of Graphical User Interface (GUI. But different from the most software applications designed intentionally for user that assumed had been familiar to any computer application before, The User Interface for Public Kiosk System should be designed for users those could be possibly anyone totally unfamiliar with any computer interface system. Computer Illiterate User should be taken into interface design consideration, hence the basic aspects of human cognitive system should be considered as one of the most important factor in designing more intuitive and user friendly interface system model.This paper is a part of our research in the National Research Competition: Riset Andalan Perguruan Tinggi dan Industri (RAPID programme 2004-2006 Sponsored by Ditjen DIKTI (General Directorate of Higher Education. The title of the research is : "Design & Engineering Multimedia Kiosk for Public Information Services". In this paper we will review several basic aspects of human cognitive system related to human perception of visual information, the basic of visual communication design concepts for Kiosk, and will be concluded into several guidelines and recommendations of designing successful user interface system for public Information Kiosk. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Aspek-aspek dasar perancangan User Interface yang berhubungan dengan sistem kognitif manusia akhir-akhir ini telah menjadi salah satu dasar pertimbangan utama dalam merancang aplikasi yang berbasiskan software komputer, terutama pada aplikasi yang telah menerapkan standard Graphical User Interface (GUI. Berbeda dengan aplikasi software komputer yang kebanyakan dirancang untuk pengguna yang diasumsikan telah familiar dengan sistem aplikasi komputer sebelumnya, User Interface yang diperuntukkan untuk Public Kiosk harus dirancang dengan mempertimbangkan adanya pengguna potensial yang mungkin saja belum familiar sama sekali dengan sistem Interface komputer. User yang "buta komputer" harus dimasukkan sebagai dasar pertimbangan dalam merancang Interface sebuah sistem Kiosk yang dperuntukkan bagi publik. Dengan demikian aspek-aspek dasar sistem kognitif manusia harus dipandang sebagai salah satu faktor terpenting dalam merancang suatu model Interface Kiosk yang intuitif dan mudah digunakan. Tulisan ini merupakan salah satu bagian dari hasil penelitian kami pada program Kompetisi Nasional Riset Andalan Perguruan Tinggi dan Industri (RAPID tahun 2004-2006 yang dibiayai oleh Ditjen DIKTI bertemakan "Rancang Bangun e-Kiosk Multimedia untuk Pelayanan Informasi Masyarakat" . Dalam tulisan singkat ini akan dibahas beberapa aspek dasar sistem kognitif manusia yang berkaitan dengan persepsi manusia terhadap informasi visual beserta dasar konsep komunikasi visual pada sistem Public Kiosk, dan disimpulkan pada beberapa panduan serta rekomendasi umum dalam merancang sistem Interface untuk Public Information Kiosk yang dapat berhasil dengan baik. Keywords: cognitive, user interface, information kiosk, interactive, multimedia.

  17. A10 – UAS Control Station Ergo-nomics Considerations : Tasks CS-6 through CS-8

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-08-01

    The overall objective of the control station tasks within Project A-10 is to provide the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) with information on an ergonomic design of unmanned aircraft system (UAS) control stations which will allow safe piloting o...

  18. Teodicea e Trinità in Bonaventura
    Unde ergo habet zizania?

    OpenAIRE

    Marco Rossini

    2008-01-01

    Teodicea e relazione. La teologia come garanzia di giustizia nella dialettica tra ordine e libero arbitrio. Teodicy and relationship. The theology as guarantee of justice in the dialectics between order and free will.

  19. Mees, kes käib kiiresti ja räägib kiiresti / Arthur Seppern ; interv. Tiia Linnard

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Seppern, Arthur

    2001-01-01

    Intervjuu mehega, kes on teinud maakonnas ajalugu muusikuna, klubitöötajana, kolhoosiesimehena, kultuuriosakonna juhatajana ja peab nüüd kutsekooli direktori ametit. Vt. ka Severnoje Poberezhje : Subbota 10. nov. 2001

  20. Juuremädanike levik on arvatust ulatuslikum / Tiia Drenkhan, Elisabeth Rähn, Katrin Jürimaa ... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2014-01-01

    Maaülikooli metsapatoloogia töörühm uuris aastatel 2012-2014, mil määral on viljakad metsakasvukohatüübid juuremädanike poolt kahjustatud. Projekti "Olulisimate juuremädanike tekitajate leviku ja kahjustuse uuring Eestis" läbiviimist toetas KIK

  1. Üheksa ametit kindlasti, aga kümnes nälg ei ole / Tiia Truu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Truu, Tiia, 1948-

    2009-01-01

    Raplamaa käsitööseltsingu "Süstik" juhatuse esimehest Ivi Sargast ja tema tegemistest. Ivi Sark on lõpetanud Tartu Ülikooli kehakultuuriteaduskonna, tegeleb lapitööga, on tuntud laatade ja teiste ürituste korraldajana, 2007. aastast on Järvakandi gümnaasiumis käsitöö- ja võimlemisõpetaja

  2. Mahtra muuseumis ja Juuru vallas käisid auväärsed külalised / Tiia Truu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Truu, Tiia, 1948-

    2009-01-01

    1. juulil 2009 külastasid Mahtra talurahvamuuseumi Mahtra sõja mälestusmärgi looja Johannes Tuti lesk Leili Tutt ja nende poeg Mait Tutt Rootsist ning tütar Eha Dascenzo USA-st Swanscast, nendega koos oli J. Tuti vennatütar Maie Vikat

  3. Väljak: siseväljak = Square: inner plaza / Kristi Tuurmann, Tiia Vahula, Riin Kersalu, Kerstin Kivila

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuurmann, Kristi

    2013-01-01

    EKA arhitektuuri ja linnaplaneerimise osakonna III kursuse 2009-2012 aastail erialase projekteerimise raames loodud lahendus, kus ei teki raekoja ette traditsioonilist väljakut, pigem "kolib" see avaliku ruumina linnavalitsuse sisse

  4. Convergence analysis in social protection expenditure in the European Union / Tiia Püss, Mare Viies, Reet Maldre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Püss, Tiia

    2003-01-01

    Uuringust selgub, et sellised maad nagu Portugal, Kreeka, Itaalia, kus sotsiaalkaitse süsteem ei olnud piisavalt arenenud, tõusid aastatel 1993-2000 arvutatuna nii inimese kohta kui osatähtsuselt SKP-s lähemale EL keskmisele ja kõrgema rühma maade nagu Rootsi, Soome, Taani tasemele. Diagramm. Tabelid. Graafikud. Lisad lk. 145-146

  5. Comparison of Duke ergo-metric score and of the classification based on scintigraphic data in the stratification of coronaries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ouhayoun, E.; Coca, F.J.; Payoux, P.; Tafani, J.A.M.; Esquerre, J.P.

    1997-01-01

    Stratification of risk (sudden death and infarction) remains a major problem of the way the coronaries are cared. Since 1987, a score based on the test-to-effort data was proposed by Mark and coll. of 'Duke University' team. They tried to demonstrate that this score provides a reliable classification of patients. We have compared the results obtained by using this score with those issued from the simultaneous analysis of the left ventricle (LV) function and LV perfusion. A hundred patients afflicted with coronaries (stenoses > 50%) benefited by a coupled study of the LV function and perfusion at rest and under effort made by means of MIBI scintigraphy. The effort test allowed calculating the 'Duke' score by means of a formula in terms of the angor index defined as follows: 0 for absence, 1 for angor and 2 for angor motivating cessation. According to Duke score three classes can be defined: patients of low risk, score ≥ 5; patients of intermediate risk, score in between 5 and -10; patients of high risk, score ≤ -10. Ejection fraction at effort acme was measured in every patient as well as the extension of perfusion defect, evaluated semi-quantitatively at effort and rest on the basis of bull's eye. Three groups of patients were created according to the results of perfusion+function couple): (A)- normal perfusion and function, the case of good prognostication; (B)- patients slightly afflicted (FEV effort > 50% and in-effort defect extension effort 50%). The last criteria were proved by several studies as bad prognostication. A table presents the risks according the Duke score for the three classes. One can observe that one third of the patients severely afflicted by confirmed ischemia are classified in the low-risk class. Besides, the majority of patients are ranked with intermediary risk, independently of scintigraphic results. In conclusion, these results concerning the stratification of coronaries show the superiority of the criteria based on scintigraphy over the score extracted from the effort test

  6. Paul Ariste 1942. aasta vadja välitöömaterjalid kultuurikirjeldusliku allikana / Ergo-Hart Västrik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Västrik, Ergo-Hart

    2005-01-01

    1942. a. toimunud Eesti Rahva Muuseumi ekspeditsioonist Vadjamaale. Paul Ariste ekspeditsiooni materjalid - rahvaluuleüleskirjutused ja välitööpäevik on vaatluse all materjalis leiduva usundilise ja mütoloogilise ainese seisukohalt

  7. Tanshinone IIA attenuates neuropathic pain via inhibiting glial activation and immune response.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Fa-Le; Xu, Min; Wang, Yan; Gong, Ke-Rui; Zhang, Jin-Tao

    2015-01-01

    Neuropathic pain, characterized by spontaneous pain, hyperalgesia and allodynia, is a devastating neurological disease that seriously affects patients' quality of life. We have previously shown that tanshinone IIA (TIIA), an important lipophilic component of Danshen, had significant anti-nociceptive effect in somatic and visceral pain, it is surprisingly noted that few pharmacological studies have been carried out to explore the possible analgesic action of TIIA on neuropathic pain and the underlying mechanisms. Therefore, in the present study, by using spinal nerve ligation (SNL) pain model, the antinociceptive and antihyperalgesic effects of TIIA on neuropathic pain were evaluated by intraperitoneal administration in rats. The results indicated that TIIA dose-dependently inhibited SNL-induced mechanical hyperalgesia. As revealed by OX42 levels, TIIA effectively repressed the activation of spinal microglial activation in SNL-induced neuropathic pain. Meanwhile, TIIA also decreased the expressions of inflammatory cytokines TNF-α and IL-1β in the spinal cord. Furthermore, TIIA inhibited oxidative stress by significantly rescuing the superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and decreasing the malondialdehyde (MDA). Moreover, TIIA depressed SNL-induced MAPKs activation in spinal cord. Taken together, our study provides evidence that TIIA inhibited SNL-induced neuropathic pain through depressing microglial activation and immune response by the inhibition of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) pathways. Our findings suggest that TIIA might be a promising agent in the treatment of neuropathic pain. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Anne Veski : "Ju siis ei ole minu rahvusvaheline kuulsus meie presidendi kõrvu jõudnud" / Anne Veski ; interv. Tiia Linnard

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veski, Anne, 1956-

    2008-01-01

    Laulja Anne Veski arutlusi kontserttegevusest Venemaal ja elust Eestis. Muuhulgas on juttu ka sellest, et Anne Veskit pole kunagi kutsutud presidendi iseseisvuspäeva vastuvõtule. Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje 20. märts 2008, lk. 6

  9. Aasta koolitaja Svetlana Moks : "Iga inimese elus on sündmusi, mille tähtsus selgub alles hiljem" / Svetlana Moks ; interv. Tiia Linnard

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Moks, Svetlana

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje : Subbota 24. september lk. 3. Tänavu aasta Eesti parim koolitaja töötab Eesti Põlevkivi koolitusjuhina. Svetlana Moksi CV. Arvamust avaldavad A-i Eesti Põlevkivi avalike suhete juht Raivo Lott ja AS-i Eesti Põlevkivi juhatuse liige, administratsioonidirektor Lembit Kaljuvee

  10. Rivo Veski : väiksest kohast päritolemist tuleb väärtustada, mitte tõrjuda / Rivo Veski ; interv. Tiia Allas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veski, Rivo

    2008-01-01

    Põlva noorte filmifestivali "Flash!" idee autor ja üks läbiviija, kes esitleb Ruusal peetaval arengukonverentsil "Miks ja mida väärtustan?" dokumentaalfilmi Põlvamaa ja Tartu inimeste väärtushinnangutest

  11. 'Ipsa dicit, quod sic est, ergo verum.' Authority of Scripture, the Use and Sources of Biblical Citations in the Work of Jerome of Prague

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Pavlíček, Ota

    Suppl., č. 2 (2015), s. 70-89 ISSN 0015-1831 Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : Jerome of Prague * Bible * John Wyclif * Bohemian Reformation * Prague University Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion

  12. Keisrikultus Rooma riigis Juliuste-Claudiuste ja 1. Flaviuste dünastia valitsusajal ning selle võimalikud kajastused algkristlikus kirjanduses / Jaan Lahe, Ergo Naab

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lahe, Jaan, 1971-

    2014-01-01

    Keisrikultuse tekkimisest. Keisrikultusest üksikute keisrite valitsusajal. Keisrikultuse pühadest, templitest, ohvritest ja preestritest. Keisrikultusest kui religioossest ja sotsiaalsest fenomenist. Keisrikultuse võimalikest kajastustest algkristlikus kirjanduses. Jeesuse ülendamismotiivist Pauluse autentsetes kirjades. Jeesuse ülendamisest ja viimsest vaenlasest. Jeesuse ülendamismotiivist Pauluse koolkonna kirjutistes. Ülendamismotiivist kirjas koloslastele. Jeesusele omistatud Kyrios-tiitli arengujoontest ja võimalikest kontrastidest keisrikultusega

  13. Elina Hokkaneni ootab ees ETV "Laulukarusselli" finaal / Ülle Lätte

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lätte, Ülle, 1955-

    2008-01-01

    ETVs 22. septembril laste lauluvõistlusel "Laulukarussell 2008" esinenud Jõgevamaa lauljate seast pääses finaalsaatesse Helina Hokkanen Põltsamaalt (juhendajaks Tiia Kaeramaa), saate lindistusest

  14. Ergo-effects of designed school furniture and sitting positions on students behaviour and Musculo-Skeletal Disorder in Nigerian tertiary institutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. I Musa

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Improper design of school furniture is one of the contributing factors to back pain among students as indicated in some studies. In the case of designing school furniture where sitting constitutes a considerable time in the school, seat becomes important for comfort. This study is carried out in three selected institutions in Nigeria to determine level of musculoskeletal disorder in students’ and the furniture that they use. 720 questionnaires with 240 students (120 boys and 120 girls drawn from each participating institutions were administered and 675 responses were received. The results show that the number of students having MSD, accounted for 93.75%. However, the distributions of pain in the body parts in each school were different. The musculoskeletal pain, mostly concentrated on neck, right shoulders right elbow right wrist right hand, upper back and lower back. The result also reveals that most of the students are sitting on chairs with seat that are too high and too deep or too shallow and of tables that are too high. However, it is recommended that further study on effect of designed school furniture and sitting position in larger sample of students’ representative in Nigeria tertiary institutions should be carried out in order to reduce the effect of body pains.

  15. Environmental Review Guide for Operations (ERGO) - A Compliance Assessment Manual for Use at All USACE Civil-Funded Projects and Facilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-03-01

    23-8 Cupric oxalate 100 5893-66-3 Cupric sulfate 10 7758-98-7 Cupric sulfate ammoniated 100 10380-2% Cupric tartrate 100 81582 W Cyanides (soluble...sulfamate 5000 7773-06-0) Ammonium sulfate x 7783-20-2 (solution) Ammonium sulfide 100 12135-76-1 Ammonium sulfite 5000 10196-04-0 Ammonium tartrate 5000...14307-43-8 Ammonium tartrate 5000 3164-29-2 Ammonium thiocyanate 5000 1762-95-4 Ammonium vanadate 1000 P119 7803-55-6 Amphetamine 1000 300-62-9 Amyl

  16. Hoiuleping - Rooma eraõigusest võlaõigusseaduse eelnõuni : [bakalaureusetöö] / Ergo Blumfeldt ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Irene Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Blumfeldt, Ergo, 1975-

    2000-01-01

    Hoiulepingu piiritlemine tänapäeva võlaõigusseaduse süsteemis, hoiulepingu kui iseseisva lepinguliigi väljakujunemine Rooma õiguses, hoiuleping kehtivas õiguses ning võlaõigusseaduse eelnõus

  17. On jõulujuttude aeg / Krista Kumberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kumberg, Krista, 1959-

    2007-01-01

    Arvustus: Minu jõulujutt / [koostajad Jane Liiv, Terje Puistaja, Tiia Toomet]. Tartu : Eesti Rahva Muuseum, 2007 ; Soasepp, Tiia. PPP, ehk, Pesulõksupäkapikkude projekt. Tallinn : Koolibri, 2007 ; Toompere, Harriet. Väikese põhjapõdra uued lood / illustreerinud Anu Kalm. [Tallinn] : Varrak, 2007

  18. Effect of morphology and defect density on electron transfer of electrochemically reduced graphene oxide

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhang, Yan; Hao, Huilian; Wang, Linlin

    2016-01-01

    Highlights: • Different morphologies of ERGO on the surface of GCE were prepared via different methods. • The defect densities of ERGO were controlled by tuning the mass or concentration of GO. • A higher defect density of ERGO accelerates electron transfer rate. • ERGO with more exposed edge planes shows significantly higher electron transfer kinetics. • Both edge planes and defect density contribute to electron transfer of ERGO. - Abstract: Electrochemically reduced graphene oxide (ERGO) is widely used to construct electrochemical sensors. Understanding the electron transfer behavior of ERGO is essential for its electrode material applications. In this paper, different morphologies of ERGO were prepared via two different methods. Compared to ERGO/GCEs prepared by electrochemical reduction of pre-deposited GO, more exposed edge planes of ERGO are observed on the surface of ERGO-GCE that was constructed by electrophoretic deposition of GO. The defect densities of ERGO were controlled by tuning the mass or concentration of GO. The electron transfer kinetics (k"0) of GCE with different ERGOs was comparatively investigated. Owing to increased surface areas and decreased defect density, the k"0 values of ERGO/GCE initially increase and then decrease with incrementing of GO mass. When the morphology and surface real areas of ERGO-GCE are the same, an increased defect density induces an accelerated electron transfer rate. k"0 valuesof ERGO-GCEs are about 1 order of magnitude higher than those of ERGO/GCEs due to the difference in the amount of edge planes. This work demonstrates that both defect densities and edge planes of ERGO play crucial roles in electron transfer kinetics.

  19. Effect of morphology and defect density on electron transfer of electrochemically reduced graphene oxide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Yan, E-mail: yanzhang@sues.edu.cn [School of Material Engineering, Shanghai University of Engineering Science, Shanghai 201620 (China); Hao, Huilian, E-mail: huilian.hao@sues.edu.cn [School of Material Engineering, Shanghai University of Engineering Science, Shanghai 201620 (China); Wang, Linlin, E-mail: wlinlin@mail.ustc.edu.cn [College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shanghai University of Engineering Science, Shanghai 201620 (China)

    2016-12-30

    Highlights: • Different morphologies of ERGO on the surface of GCE were prepared via different methods. • The defect densities of ERGO were controlled by tuning the mass or concentration of GO. • A higher defect density of ERGO accelerates electron transfer rate. • ERGO with more exposed edge planes shows significantly higher electron transfer kinetics. • Both edge planes and defect density contribute to electron transfer of ERGO. - Abstract: Electrochemically reduced graphene oxide (ERGO) is widely used to construct electrochemical sensors. Understanding the electron transfer behavior of ERGO is essential for its electrode material applications. In this paper, different morphologies of ERGO were prepared via two different methods. Compared to ERGO/GCEs prepared by electrochemical reduction of pre-deposited GO, more exposed edge planes of ERGO are observed on the surface of ERGO-GCE that was constructed by electrophoretic deposition of GO. The defect densities of ERGO were controlled by tuning the mass or concentration of GO. The electron transfer kinetics (k{sup 0}) of GCE with different ERGOs was comparatively investigated. Owing to increased surface areas and decreased defect density, the k{sup 0} values of ERGO/GCE initially increase and then decrease with incrementing of GO mass. When the morphology and surface real areas of ERGO-GCE are the same, an increased defect density induces an accelerated electron transfer rate. k{sup 0} valuesof ERGO-GCEs are about 1 order of magnitude higher than those of ERGO/GCEs due to the difference in the amount of edge planes. This work demonstrates that both defect densities and edge planes of ERGO play crucial roles in electron transfer kinetics.

  20. Lars Noréni uued näidendid, Jeremy Ironsi comeback, Theatertreffen'i näidendite turg, Bonni biennaal ja India / Katrin Talts, Tiia Sippol

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Talts, Katrin

    2006-01-01

    Rootsi näitekirjaniku Lars Noréni kahest uuest näidendist, mida ühendab pealkiri "Terminaal"; Londoni teatris Duke of York esietendunud Sándor Márai romaanil "Küünlad põlevad lõpuni" põhinevast lavastusest "Hõõguvad söed" (dramatiseerija Ch. Hampton, lavastaja M. Blakemore), peaosas Jeremy Irons ; Berliinis 5.-21. maini peetavast teatrifestivalist "Theatertreffen" ; Brightoni festivalist 6.-28. mail ja Bonni biennaalist 13.-21. mail

  1. Milles näeks riigi abi tööandjale töötervishoiuarst? = Focus of OH physician : what kind of help need employer from the government side? / Tiia Piho

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Piho, Tiia

    2005-01-01

    Autori arvates peaks riik toetama neid tööandjaid oma töötajate tervise kaitsel elualadel (politseinikud, päästetöötajad, piirivalvurid, meditsiinitöötajad), kus tegevuse eesmärgiks ei ole kasumi tootmine, vaid ühiskonna kaitsmine ja abistamine

  2. VITSH vlijajet na moral / Anna Litvinjuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Litvinjuk, Anna

    2006-01-01

    Vestlusest Eesti Seksuaaltervise Liidu noorte reproduktiivtervise alase nõustamise ja sugulisel teel levivate haiguste ennetamise programmi juhi Tiia Perteliga, kes osales hiljuti Torontos toimunud AIDSI-teemalisel rahvusvahelisel konverentsil

  3. Analüüs SAE tase 4 ja 5 sõidukite kasutusele võtmiseks koos seaduseelnõu väljatöötamiskavatsuse kirjeldustega : vaheraport 2017 08 24 [Võrguteavik] / Karmen Turk, Maarja Pild, Ergo Blumfeldt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Turk, Karmen, 1982-

    2017-01-01

    Analüüsitakse äärmiselt intelligentsete SAE tase 4 ja 5 sõidukite kasutusele võtmist ning sellega seotud seaduseelnõu väljatöötamist. Ülevaade robootika olemusest ning põhiprobleemidest, mis seonduvad tehisintellektiga ja isejuhtivate sõidukitega

  4. Художник Мяги и его мифы / Кейу Вирро, Хейди Тооме

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Вирро, Кейу, 1987-

    2009-01-01

    Maalikunstnik Konrad Mäest ja tema tööde populaarsuse kasvust. Konrad Mäe maalide hindadest 1.detsembril toimunud E-kunstisalongi oksjonil. Kommenteerivad galerist Tiia Karelson ja kunstiajaloolane Heie Treier

  5. Stalo izvestno imja lutshshego dizainera Estonii za proshlõi god

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Kuldnõela nominentide gala toimus 7. märtsil FIBIT moepäevadel Viru Keskuses. Kuldnõela auhinna sai Riina Põldroos. Riina Põldroosi, Jaanika Sootna, Oksana Tanditi ja Tiia Orgna kollektsioonidest sõnas ja pildis

  6. Baltikumi meediakunst Dortmundis / Raivo Kelomees

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kelomees, Raivo, 1960-

    2006-01-01

    Balti kultuurifestivalist "scene: estland lettland litauen in nrw" Dortmundi Ostwall-muuseumis. Eestit esindavad oma töödega Kai Kaljo, Mark Raidpere, Jaan Toomik, Tiia Johannson, Killu Sukmit, Mari Laanemets, Raivo Kelomees

  7. Annad Miksikesele sõrme, võtab terve käe / Sirje Tohver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tohver, Sirje, 1948-

    2005-01-01

    Miksikese õppekeskkonnast ja online-kontrolltöödest erinevate Eesti koolide näitel. Kogemusi jagavad õpetajad: Age Tamm, Eha Kaukvere, Tiia Salm, Kaja Kiis, Mare Kütt, Lemme Sulaoja, Annika Lõhmus

  8. Septembril seljas on koolimunder, lapsi täis kogunenud klassikamber

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Katkendeid Kuressaare Gümnaasiumi (tollase Kuressaare 2. Keskkooli) õpilaste lõpukirjanditest ja jutte koolialmanahhist, autorid: Sem Kolk, Reet Rand, Mark Loik, Priit Paitse, Tiia Pea, Heili Talur

  9. Mida teha, et lapsed koolist ei puuduks? / Triin Tomingas, Hille Hinsberg, Sirje Ess...[jt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Küsimusele vastavad lapsevanemad Triin Tomingas ja Hille Hinsberg, Saaremaa ühisgümnaasiumi algklasside õppealajuhataja Sirje Ess, Tallinna Pelgulinna gümnaasiumi direktor Tõnu Piibur, MTÜ Ellu psühholoog-koolitaja Tiia Lister

  10. Tanshinone IIA Attenuates Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathic Pain in Experimental Rats via Inhibiting Inflammation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baojian Zhang

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Diabetic peripheral neuropathic pain (DPNP is a common and intractable complication of diabetes. Conventional therapies are always not ideal; development of novel drugs is still needed to achieve better pain relief. Recent evidences have demonstrated that inflammation is involved in the onset and maintenance of DPNP. The anti-inflammatory property of Tanshinone IIA (TIIA makes it a promising candidate to block or alter the pain perception. This study was conducted to investigate whether TIIA could attenuate DPNP in streptozotocin- (STZ- induced rats model and its potential mechanisms. TIIA was administered to STZ-induced diabetic rats at the dose of 40 mg/kg once a day for 3 weeks. The effects of TIIA on thermal hyperalgesia and mechanical allodynia were investigated using behavioral tests. The mRNA level and expression of interleukin- (IL- 1β, interleukin- (IL- 6, tumor necrosis factor- (TNF- α, and interleukin- (IL- 10 in the fourth to sixth segments of the dorsal root ganglion (L4–6 DRG were detected by quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR and Western blot. TIIA treatment significantly attenuated mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia in diabetic rats. In addition, the expression of the proinflammatory cytokines IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α was inhibited, and the level of the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 was increased by TIIA. This study demonstrated that TIIA has significant antiallodynic and antihyperalgesic effects in a rat model of STZ-induced DPNP, and the effect may be associated with its anti-inflammation property.

  11. Solid-phase electrochemical reduction of graphene oxide films in alkaline solution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basirun, Wan J.; Sookhakian, Mehran; Baradaran, Saeid; Mahmoudian, Mohammad R.; Ebadi, Mehdi

    2013-09-01

    Graphene oxide (GO) film was evaporated onto graphite and used as an electrode to produce electrochemically reduced graphene oxide (ERGO) films by electrochemical reduction in 6 M KOH solution through voltammetric cycling. Fourier transformed infrared and Raman spectroscopy confirmed the presence of ERGO. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy characterization of ERGO and GO films in ferrocyanide/ferricyanide redox couple with 0.1 M KCl supporting electrolyte gave results that are in accordance with previous reports. Based on the EIS results, ERGO shows higher capacitance and lower charge transfer resistance compared to GO.

  12. Impact of traffic noise on railway traffic safety

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zdravko TOŠ

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Traffic noise is one of the dominant factors of ergo-assessment. The harmful impact of traffic noise on the engine driver as target group can be studied in isolation from other ergo-assessment factors only in the initial phase of research. The simultaneous action of several related factors in the system of ergo-assessment factors has cumulative effect on the perception and psychomotoric status of the railway traffic participants in the appropriate traffic situation. The initial partial research of traffic noise by a combination of several scientific methods needs to be eventually upgraded by studying the relations among several concurrent important or dominant ergo-assessment factors.

  13. 3,5-Diamino-1,2,4-triazole@electrochemically reduced graphene oxide film modified electrode for the electrochemical determination of 4-nitrophenol

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kumar, Deivasigamani Ranjith; Kesavan, Srinivasan; Baynosa, Marjorie Lara; Shim, Jae-Jin

    2017-01-01

    Highlights: •Triazole film was formed on electrochemically reduced graphene oxide. •pDAT@ERGO/GC was utilized for the electrochemical determination of 4-nitrophenol. •pDAT@ERGO/GC electrode offered wide concentration and nanomolar detection limit. •The fabricated electrode was employed in water sample analyses. -- Abstract: In this study, an eco-friendly benign method for the modification of electrochemically reduced graphene oxide (ERGO) on glassy carbon (GC) surface and electrochemical polymerized 3,5-diamino-1,2,4-triazole (DAT) film composite (pDAT@ERGO/GC) electrode was developed. The surface morphologies of the pDAT@ERGO/GC modified electrode were analyzed by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM). FESEM images indicated that the ERGO supported pDAT has an almost homogeneous morphology structure with a size of 70 to 80 nm. It is due to the water oxidation reaction occurred while pDAT@ERGO/GC fabrication peak at +1.4 V leads to O 2 evolution and oxygen functional group functionalization on ERGO, which confirmed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). In contrast, the bare GC modified with pDAT showed randomly arranged irregular bulky morphology structure compared to those of pDAT@ERGO/GC. Electrochemical reduction of graphene oxide was confirmed by Raman spectroscopy, XPS, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The pDAT@ERGO/GC modified electrode was used for the electrochemical determination of 4-nitrophenol (4-NP). The 4-NP oxidation peak was observed at +0.25 V, and the differential pulse voltammetry demonstrated wide concentration range (5–1500 μM), high sensitivity (0.7113 μA μM −1 ), and low limit of detection (37 nM). Moreover, the pDAT@ERGO/GC electrode was applied to real water sample analysis by standard addition method, where in good recoveries (97.8% to 102.4%) were obtained.

  14. Electrochemical behavior and voltammetric determination of acetaminophen based on glassy carbon electrodes modified with poly(4-aminobenzoic acid)/electrochemically reduced graphene oxide composite films

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhu, Wencai; Huang, Hui; Gao, Xiaochun; Ma, Houyi

    2014-01-01

    Poly(4-aminobenzoic acid)/electrochemically reduced graphene oxide composite film modified glassy carbon electrodes (4-ABA/ERGO/GCEs) were fabricated by a two-step electrochemical method. The electrochemical behavior of acetaminophen at the modified electrode was investigated by means of cyclic voltammetry. The results indicated that 4-ABA/ERGO composite films possessed excellent electrocatalytic activity towards the oxidation of acetaminophen. The electrochemical reaction of acetaminophen at 4-ABA/ERGO/GCE is proved to be a surface-controlled process involving the same number of protons and electrons. The voltammetric determination of acetaminophen performed with the 4-ABA/ERGO modified electrode presents a good linearity in the range of 0.1–65 μM with a low detection limit of 0.01 μM (S/N = 3). In the case of using the 4-ABA/ERGO/GCE, acetaminophen and dopamine can be simultaneously determined without mutual interference. Furthermore, the 4-ABA/ERGO/GCE has good reproducibility and stability, and can be used to determine acetaminophen in tablets. - Highlights: • The 4-ABA/ERGO/GCE was fabricated by a two-step electrochemical method. • Electrochemical behavior of acetaminophen at the 4-ABA/ERGO/GCE was investigated. • The electrochemical sensor exhibited a low detection limit and good selectivity. • This sensor was applied to the detection of acetaminophen in commercial tablets

  15. Electrochemical behavior and voltammetric determination of acetaminophen based on glassy carbon electrodes modified with poly(4-aminobenzoic acid)/electrochemically reduced graphene oxide composite films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhu, Wencai [Key Laboratory for Colloid and Interface Chemistry of State Education Ministry, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan 250100 (China); School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Qilu Normal University, Jinan 250013 (China); Huang, Hui; Gao, Xiaochun [Key Laboratory for Colloid and Interface Chemistry of State Education Ministry, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan 250100 (China); Ma, Houyi, E-mail: hyma@sdu.edu.cn [Key Laboratory for Colloid and Interface Chemistry of State Education Ministry, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan 250100 (China)

    2014-12-01

    Poly(4-aminobenzoic acid)/electrochemically reduced graphene oxide composite film modified glassy carbon electrodes (4-ABA/ERGO/GCEs) were fabricated by a two-step electrochemical method. The electrochemical behavior of acetaminophen at the modified electrode was investigated by means of cyclic voltammetry. The results indicated that 4-ABA/ERGO composite films possessed excellent electrocatalytic activity towards the oxidation of acetaminophen. The electrochemical reaction of acetaminophen at 4-ABA/ERGO/GCE is proved to be a surface-controlled process involving the same number of protons and electrons. The voltammetric determination of acetaminophen performed with the 4-ABA/ERGO modified electrode presents a good linearity in the range of 0.1–65 μM with a low detection limit of 0.01 μM (S/N = 3). In the case of using the 4-ABA/ERGO/GCE, acetaminophen and dopamine can be simultaneously determined without mutual interference. Furthermore, the 4-ABA/ERGO/GCE has good reproducibility and stability, and can be used to determine acetaminophen in tablets. - Highlights: • The 4-ABA/ERGO/GCE was fabricated by a two-step electrochemical method. • Electrochemical behavior of acetaminophen at the 4-ABA/ERGO/GCE was investigated. • The electrochemical sensor exhibited a low detection limit and good selectivity. • This sensor was applied to the detection of acetaminophen in commercial tablets.

  16. There's still good profit the second time around

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1982-01-01

    With the opening of the Ergo project South Africa started to extract saleable products reclaimed from the mine dumps. Reclamation in the past was concentrated entirely on the recovery of gold. It was only after the second World War that the recovering of uranium started. This article shortly discusses the Ergo project of uranium recovery at different mines

  17. Ergonomic Value Stream Mapping – Can lean and ergonomics go hand in hand?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Edwards, Kasper

    2014-01-01

    This paper reports findings from an orthopedic bed ward where ErgoVSM has been used as part of a lean project.......This paper reports findings from an orthopedic bed ward where ErgoVSM has been used as part of a lean project....

  18. "Mu vend mu õde ja mina põgeneme Valguskoonused kalduvad ..." = "Min bror min syster och jag flyr Ljuskäglor välter över vägkanten ..." : [luuletused] / Catharina Gripenberg ; tlk. Juta-Tiia Mägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gripenberg, Catharina

    2004-01-01

    Sisu: "Mu vend mu õde ja mina põgeneme Valguskoonused kalduvad ..." = "Min bror min syster och jag flyr Ljuskäglor välter över vägkanten ..."; "Tean, et kajad vastavad, aga väga lühidalt. Valad sa välja oma ..." = "Vet att ekon svarar, men i all korthet. Gjuter du ut ditt hjärta ..."; "Kirjasõber, ma otsin välja jääkraabitsa ..." = "Brevvän, jag lagrar upp med fönsterskapare ..."; "Säravselge hommik. Linnupojad trügivad välja kolbast ..." = "Det var en glasklar morgon. Fågelungarna knuffas från skallen ..."; Armastuskiri = Kärleksbrev

  19. 19. novembril avati Eesti Kunstiakadeemia aulas...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1998-01-01

    Prantsusmaa, Balti- ja Põhjamaade video ja uue meedia festival "offline@online". Festivali osad : videod ja eksperimentaalne film ning online-videod, võrguprojektid, CD-ROMid. Osa võtavad rahvusvaheliselt tuntud kunstnikud ja lektorid. Üldkuraator Raivo Kelomees, võrguprojektide kuraator Tiia Johannson. Ürituste kava 20. ja 21. novembril.

  20. Komu dostanetsja mantija korolevõ? / Aigi Viira

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Viira, Aigi

    2001-01-01

    Tutvustatakse presidendikandidaatide abikaasasid. Refereeritakse Aigi Viira artiklit "Tiia Tulviste jätab ennustused tegemata : Kirsti Savi ootab presidendiralli lõppu : Sirje Priimägi hoidub tulevikuplaanidest : Ingrid Rüütel eelistab valimistele tööd ja teatrit", Postimees (2001/Sep/21)

  1. Professor Gerhard Rägo nimelised medalid tema 115. sünniaastal / Tiit Lepmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lepmann, Tiit, 1949-

    2012-01-01

    Tänavused medalisaajad: Mare-Lee Hamer - Nõo Reallgümnaasiumi matemaatikaõpetaja ; Ülle Hüva - Tartu Hugo Treffneri Gümnaasiumi matemaatikaõpetaja ; Helen Kaasik - Tallinna Reaalkooli matemaatikaõpetaja ; Ellen Redi - Tallinna Ülikooli matemaatika-loodusteaduskonna dotsent ; Tiia Toobal - Pärnu Koidula Gümnaasiumi matemaatikaõpetaja

  2. The jubilee year of the Estonian protocol was filled with extraordinary events / Ille Grün-Ots

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Grün-Ots, Ille, 1960-2016

    2006-01-01

    Eesti välisministeeriumi protokolliosakonna peadirektor Tiia Miller räägib organisatsioonilisest tööst tseremooniate ja riiklike visiitide korraldamisel, sealhulgas USA presidendi George W. Bushi ja Suurbritannia kuninganna Elizabeth II vastuvõtmisest. Juuresolevatel fotodel president Toomas Hendrik Ilves kõrgeid külalisi vastu võtmas

  3. Alastus vananaistesuvel / Margus Kiis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kiis, Margus

    2003-01-01

    Näitused: "Mees ja naine X. Alasti Jumala ees" (kuraatorid Mark Soosaar, Edward Lucie-Smith) Pärnu Uue Kunsti Muuseumis 1. VI-31. VIII, "Akt eesti kunstis" (kuraator Tiia Karelson) Tartus Sihtasutus E Kaubamajas kuni 3. X, Anni Irsi isiknäitus "Paljalt inimene" Tartus Obu galeriis kuni 30. IX

  4. Kohustuslik lektüür anno 1996 : Kümme raamatut, mis väärivad ostmist ja lugemist / Ülo Tonts

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tonts, Ülo, 1931-2016

    1996-01-01

    Sisu: Kross, Jaan. Mesmeri ring; Raud, Rein. Kägude öö; Veisserik, Artur. Ma armastasin Eestit; Trummal, Mart. Korduskatse; Toomet, Tiia. Kaltsutitt ja puuhobune; Tuglas, Elo. Tartu päevik; Linda Rummo elust ja lavaelust/ Koost. Lilian Vellerand; Meri, Lennart. Presidendikõned; Priimägi, Linnar. Mälestusi Euroopast; Unt, Mati. Vastne argimütoloogia

  5. Maarja-Magdaleenas mälestati Ella Mahlapuud esietendusega / Vaike Käosaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Käosaar, Vaike, 1948-

    2007-01-01

    Omaaegset Maarja-Magdaleena näitemängutegijat ja seltsielu hinge Ella Mahlapuud mälestati tema 110. sünniaastapäeval Aleksander Speeki 1937. aastast pärit komöödia "Naised kosjas" kohandatud lavastusega, lavastajaks Tiia Pärtelpoeg

  6. HIV-positiivse ema laps ei pruugi nakkust saada / Erika Prave

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Prave, Erika, 1970-

    2004-01-01

    Vt. ka Severnoje Poberezhje 29. okt., lk. 3. Ida-Virumaal emalt lapsele HI-viiruse leviku ennetamise projekti juhi Tiia Perteli sõnul on lapse nakatumine vaid 2-3%, kui HIV-positiivne rase end varakult arsti juures arvele võtab ja rakendusele võetakse kõik tervishoius olemas olevad ennetusmeetodid

  7. Meediakunsti "olümpiamängud"

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    7.-10. XII toimus Pariisis X rahvusvaheline elektroonilise kunsti sümpoosion "Révélation". Eestist esinesid Raivo Kelomees CD-ROM-projektidega "tokyocity.ee" ja "Videoweaver", Tiia Johannson netiprojektiga "Skyscraper.net". Mare Tralla esines Iliyana Nedkova koostööprojekti "Virtual Revolutions" raames.

  8. Vedurimehed võivad rongiliikluse kolmeks päevaks seisata / Matis Song

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Song, Matis, 1978-

    2004-01-01

    Ametiühing nõuab vedurimeestele 15-protsendilist palgatõusu tagasiulatuvalt selle aasta 1. märtsist, kusjuures peab säilima kehtiv töötasustamise süsteem. Vt. samas: Tiia Truu. Nõudmised ei ole ebaõiglased

  9. Poolaasta meediafestivalid / Raivo Kelomees

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kelomees, Raivo, 1960-

    2000-01-01

    Stuttgardi festivalist "13. Filmwinter", näitusest ja konverentsist "Alien Intelligence" Helsingis "Kiasmas" (kuraator Erkki Huhtamo), Lissaboni videofestivalist "Videolisboa", Moskva "Pro & Contra" konverentsist (Eestist esines netiprojektiga "Get.real" Tiia Johannson), Kiievi videokunsti ja lühifilmide festivalist "Dreamcatcher". Ilmunud ka kogumikus "Ekraan kui membraan". Tartu, 2007, lk. 88-91

  10. Kas ülikoolis õppimine on õige aeg lapse sünnitamiseks? / Ilona Opaal, Liis-Erliken Vinne, Tõnu Ots ... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Küsimusele vastavad TLÜ anglistikaüliõpilane Ilona Opaal, TLÜ bioloogiaüliõpilane Liis-Erliken Vimme, psühholoog Tõnu Ots, filosoof Valdar Parve, Soome Instituudi direktor Jaana Vasama, psühholoog Tiia Lister, Treffneri Gümnaasiumi usu- ja filosoofiaõpetaja Toomas Jürgenstein

  11. Tõused lendu või kaotad tiivad... / Janika Wheeler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wheeler, Janika

    2007-01-01

    11. märtsil Kärdla kultuurikeskuses toimunud Hiiumaa kooliteatrite päevast. Preemiate saajad ja intervjuu noorte näitlejate Tambet Kikase, Mario Sepaga ning Käina gümnaasiumi näiteringi juhendaja Tiia Korviga

  12. Kodu kaugel meres / Ilona Martson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martson, Ilona, 1970-

    2004-01-01

    Tutvustus: Stone, Tom. Suvi Kreeka tavernis : mälestused / [tõlkija Tiia-Mai Nõmmik. Tallinn] : Pegasus, 2004 ; Drinkwater, Carol. Oliiviistandus : mälestusi elust, armastusest ja oliiviõlist Lõuna-Prantsusmaal / inglise keelest tõlkinud Laine Hone. Tallinn : Varrak, 2004

  13. Uus video, uus Euroopa / Kiwa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kiwa, pseud., 1975-

    2006-01-01

    New Yorgi kunstikeskuses The Kitchen avatud endiste idablokimaade videokunstnike tööde näitusest. Eestlastest eksponeeritud Kiwa, Ene-Liis Semperi, Killu Sukmiti, Mari Laanemetsa, Tiia Johannsoni ja Kai Kaljo tööd. Kuraator Hamza Walker

  14. Unusual attempt to direct the growth of bimetallic Ag@Pt nanorods on electrochemically reduced graphene oxide nanosheets by electroless exchange of Cu by Pt for an efficient alcohol oxidation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeena, S. E.; Gnanaprakasam, P.; Selvaraju, T.

    2017-01-01

    A simple and an efficient tool for the direct growth of bimetallic Ag@Pt nanorods (NRDs) on electrochemically reduced graphene oxide (ERGO) nanosheets was developed at glassy carbon electrode (GCE). Initially, Cu shell was grown on Ag core as Ag@Cu NRD by the seed-mediated growth method. Accordingly, Cu shell has been successfully replaced by Pt using the electroless galvanic replacement method with ease by effective functionalization of L-tryptophan on ERGO surface (L-ERGO), which eventually plays an important role in the direct growth of one-dimensional bimetallic NRDs. As a result, the synthesized Ag@Pt NRD-supported L-ERGO nanosheets (Ag@Pt NRDs/L-ERGO/GCE) were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy-dispersive X-ray analysis (EDAX) and Raman spectroscopy. Anodic stripping voltammetry was used to explore its electrochemical properties. Finally, the developed bimetallic Ag@Pt NRDs/L-ERGO/GCEs were studied as a better electrocatalyst compared to the commercial catalysts such as Pt40/C or Pt20/C-loaded electrode for the oxidation of ethanol or methanol with a high tolerance level and an enhanced current density. In addition, the long-term stability was studied using chronoamperometry for 1000 s at the bimetallic NRD electrode for alcohol oxidation which impedes the fouling properties. The unfavourable and favourable electrooxidation of ethanol at Ag@Cu NRDs/L-ERGO/GCE (a) and Ag@Pt NRDs/L-ERGO/GCE (b) is discussed. The synergistic effect of Ag core and catalytic properties of Pt shell at Ag@Pt NRDs/L-ERGO/GCE tend to strongly minimize the CO poisoning effect and enhanced ethanol electrooxidation.

  15. Unusual attempt to direct the growth of bimetallic Ag@Pt nanorods on electrochemically reduced graphene oxide nanosheets by electroless exchange of Cu by Pt for an efficient alcohol oxidation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jeena, S. E.; Gnanaprakasam, P.; Selvaraju, T.

    2017-01-01

    A simple and an efficient tool for the direct growth of bimetallic Ag@Pt nanorods (NRDs) on electrochemically reduced graphene oxide (ERGO) nanosheets was developed at glassy carbon electrode (GCE). Initially, Cu shell was grown on Ag core as Ag@Cu NRD by the seed-mediated growth method. Accordingly, Cu shell has been successfully replaced by Pt using the electroless galvanic replacement method with ease by effective functionalization of L-tryptophan on ERGO surface (L-ERGO), which eventually plays an important role in the direct growth of one-dimensional bimetallic NRDs. As a result, the synthesized Ag@Pt NRD-supported L-ERGO nanosheets (Ag@Pt NRDs/L-ERGO/GCE) were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy-dispersive X-ray analysis (EDAX) and Raman spectroscopy. Anodic stripping voltammetry was used to explore its electrochemical properties. Finally, the developed bimetallic Ag@Pt NRDs/L-ERGO/GCEs were studied as a better electrocatalyst compared to the commercial catalysts such as Pt_4_0/C or Pt_2_0/C-loaded electrode for the oxidation of ethanol or methanol with a high tolerance level and an enhanced current density. In addition, the long-term stability was studied using chronoamperometry for 1000 s at the bimetallic NRD electrode for alcohol oxidation which impedes the fouling properties. The unfavourable and favourable electrooxidation of ethanol at Ag@Cu NRDs/L-ERGO/GCE (a) and Ag@Pt NRDs/L-ERGO/GCE (b) is discussed. The synergistic effect of Ag core and catalytic properties of Pt shell at Ag@Pt NRDs/L-ERGO/GCE tend to strongly minimize the CO poisoning effect and enhanced ethanol electrooxidation.

  16. Unusual attempt to direct the growth of bimetallic Ag@Pt nanorods on electrochemically reduced graphene oxide nanosheets by electroless exchange of Cu by Pt for an efficient alcohol oxidation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jeena, S. E.; Gnanaprakasam, P. [Karunya University, Department of Chemistry (India); Selvaraju, T., E-mail: veluselvaraju@gmail.com [Bharathiar University, Department of Chemistry (India)

    2017-01-15

    A simple and an efficient tool for the direct growth of bimetallic Ag@Pt nanorods (NRDs) on electrochemically reduced graphene oxide (ERGO) nanosheets was developed at glassy carbon electrode (GCE). Initially, Cu shell was grown on Ag core as Ag@Cu NRD by the seed-mediated growth method. Accordingly, Cu shell has been successfully replaced by Pt using the electroless galvanic replacement method with ease by effective functionalization of L-tryptophan on ERGO surface (L-ERGO), which eventually plays an important role in the direct growth of one-dimensional bimetallic NRDs. As a result, the synthesized Ag@Pt NRD-supported L-ERGO nanosheets (Ag@Pt NRDs/L-ERGO/GCE) were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy-dispersive X-ray analysis (EDAX) and Raman spectroscopy. Anodic stripping voltammetry was used to explore its electrochemical properties. Finally, the developed bimetallic Ag@Pt NRDs/L-ERGO/GCEs were studied as a better electrocatalyst compared to the commercial catalysts such as Pt{sub 40}/C or Pt{sub 20}/C-loaded electrode for the oxidation of ethanol or methanol with a high tolerance level and an enhanced current density. In addition, the long-term stability was studied using chronoamperometry for 1000 s at the bimetallic NRD electrode for alcohol oxidation which impedes the fouling properties. The unfavourable and favourable electrooxidation of ethanol at Ag@Cu NRDs/L-ERGO/GCE (a) and Ag@Pt NRDs/L-ERGO/GCE (b) is discussed. The synergistic effect of Ag core and catalytic properties of Pt shell at Ag@Pt NRDs/L-ERGO/GCE tend to strongly minimize the CO poisoning effect and enhanced ethanol electrooxidation.

  17. Integrating private transport into renewable energy policy: The strategy of creating intelligent recharging grids for Electric Vehicles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Poul Houman; Mathews, John A.; Rask, Morten

    2009-01-01

    A new business model for accelerating the introduction of Electric Vehicles into private transport systems involves the provision by an Electric Recharge Grid Operator (ERGO) of an intelligent rechargeable network in advance of the vehicles themselves. The ERGO business model creates a market...... (as witnessed in the Danish case with wind energy) and managing the resulting fluctuating supply efficiently. The other problem concerns finding ways to reduce CO2 emissions in the transport sector. The ERGO business model effectively solves both problems, by transforming EVs into distributed storage...

  18. A multimedia case based approach to the study of office ergonomics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    August-Dalfen, Sharon; Snider, Laurie

    2003-01-01

    Multimedia technology has the capacity to provide students with an interactive approach to problem based learning and to bridge the gap between theoretical knowledge and clinical practice. The present paper describes the design and development of the program ErgoROM, a CD which presents a case study to assist occupational therapy students in their studies of office ergonomics. A pilot study showed that overall, 91% of respondents rated the ErgoROM as either "Excellent" or "Very Good". Additionally they reported that ErgoROM had a positive impact on active learning and critical thinking.

  19. Another U card in hand

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Newby-Fraser, A.R.

    1978-01-01

    With the rise in uranium and gold prices and a predicted uranium shortage in the Western world, the ERGO project to recover these materials from old slimes dams is an example of outstanding entrepreneurial acumen, waste recycling and environmental recovery

  20. IIZI pääses infovarguse kriminaalasjast puhtalt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Liikluskindlustuse Fondi poolt IIZI Kindlustusmaakler AS-i vastu esitatud süüdistused massilistes ebaseaduslikes infopäringutes fondi andmebaasidest ning ERGO süüdistused kliendiandmete varguses osutusid põhjendamatuteks

  1. Kalalaev Katrin jääbki kadunuks / Kadi Laid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laid, Kadi, 1976-

    2003-01-01

    Politsei lõpetab kalalaeva Katrin huku uurimise, kuna vaatamata korduvatele sukeldumistele, ei ole suudetud laevavrakki leida. Laeva kindlustanud Bico-Leks Kindlustuse AS-i järglane ERGO Kindlustus peab omanikule kindlustusraha välja maksma

  2. Green ergonomics: combining sustainability and ergonomics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pilczuk, Davana; Barefield, Kevin

    2014-01-01

    When discussing ergonomics, the term 'sustainability' usually refers to the preservation of the human workforce. However, in 2010 Gulfstream Aerospace Corporation made a conscious effort to combine ergonomics and environmental sustainability in order to increase employee engagement for both programs. They introduced a companywide campaign called Green Ergo which is the idea of creating ergonomic solutions from scrap material found on site. This concept embraced the true meaning of 'green' and encouraged engineers and employees all across the company to design innovative green ergonomic solutions. The idea generated over 35 new ergo solutions, reduced waste production, and solved over 700 ergo problems for a fraction of the cost of newly purchased items. The demand for these items grew large enough that the company outsourced their manufacturing to a local non-profit. The Green Ergo campaign has changed the culture of the company and has increased the level of buy-in for both the ergonomics and sustainability programs.

  3. Effect of Amine Adlayer on Electrochemical Uric Acid Sensor Conducted on Electrochemically Reduced Graphene Oxide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Sumi; Kim, Kyuwon [Incheon National University, Incheon (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-03-15

    The electrochemical biosensing efficiency of uric acid (UA) detection on an electrochemically reduced graphene oxide (ERGO)-decorated electrode surface was studied by using various amine linkers used to immobilize ERGO. The amine linkers aminoethylphenyldiazonium , 2,2'-(ethylenedioxy)bis(ethylamine), 3-aminopro-pyltriethoxysilane, and polyethyleneimine were coated on indium-tin-oxide electrode surfaces through chemical or electrochemical deposition methods. ERGO-decorated surfaces were prepared by the electrochemical reduction of graphene oxide (GO), which was immobilized on the amine-coated electrode surfaces through the electrostatic interaction between GO and the ammonium ion of the linker on the surface. We monitored the sensing results of electrochemical UA detection with differential pulse voltammetry. The ERGO-modified surface presented electrocatalytic oxidation of UA and ascorbic acid. Among the different amines tested, 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane provided the best biosensing performance in terms of sensitivity and reproducibility.

  4. Inges Kindlustus kukkus kahjumisse. Kindlustushindade alandamata jätmine viis miinusesse / Kadrin Karner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karner, Kadrin

    2011-01-01

    Inges Kindlustuse kahjumi põhjustas kõrgema hinnataseme säilitamine ning juhatuse liikmele välja makstud märkimisväärne tasu. Konkurentide RSA Kindlustus, Ergo Kindlustuse AS ja IF Kindlustus majandustulemused

  5. Effect of Amine Adlayer on Electrochemical Uric Acid Sensor Conducted on Electrochemically Reduced Graphene Oxide

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Park, Sumi; Kim, Kyuwon

    2016-01-01

    The electrochemical biosensing efficiency of uric acid (UA) detection on an electrochemically reduced graphene oxide (ERGO)-decorated electrode surface was studied by using various amine linkers used to immobilize ERGO. The amine linkers aminoethylphenyldiazonium , 2,2'-(ethylenedioxy)bis(ethylamine), 3-aminopro-pyltriethoxysilane, and polyethyleneimine were coated on indium-tin-oxide electrode surfaces through chemical or electrochemical deposition methods. ERGO-decorated surfaces were prepared by the electrochemical reduction of graphene oxide (GO), which was immobilized on the amine-coated electrode surfaces through the electrostatic interaction between GO and the ammonium ion of the linker on the surface. We monitored the sensing results of electrochemical UA detection with differential pulse voltammetry. The ERGO-modified surface presented electrocatalytic oxidation of UA and ascorbic acid. Among the different amines tested, 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane provided the best biosensing performance in terms of sensitivity and reproducibility.

  6. Avangardi kanalast sai moodne biodiislitehas / Nils Niitra

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Niitra, Nils, 1975-

    2006-01-01

    Vennad Ergo ja Elvo Themas on endises Avangardi kolhoosi kanalas sisse seadnud biodiislitehase, mille turuks saavad esialgu Saksamaa ja Rootsi kütuse hulgimüüjad. Kaart: Biodiislitehas alustab märtsis

  7. Project UNITY: Cross Domain Visualization Collaboration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-10-18

    location is at the Space Operations Coordination Center (UK-SPOCC) in High Wycombe, UK. Identical AFRL-developed ErgoWorkstations (see Figure 2) were...installed in both locations. The AFRL ErgoWorkstation is made up of a high performance Windows-based PC with three displays: two 30” Dell Cinema ...system can be seen in Figure 1. The intent of using identical hardware is to minimize complexity, to simplify debugging, and to provide an opportunity

  8. A facile approach to prepare crumpled CoTMPyP/electrochemically reduced graphene oxide nanohybrid as an efficient electrocatalyst for hydrogen evolution reaction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ma, Juanjuan, E-mail: majj0518@hotmail.com [Department of Chemical Engineering, Huaihai Institute of Technology, Lianyungang 222005 (China); School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, 639798, Singapore (Singapore); Liu, Lin; Chen, Qian; Yang, Min [Department of Chemical Engineering, Huaihai Institute of Technology, Lianyungang 222005 (China); Wang, Danping [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, 639798, Singapore (Singapore); Tong, Zhiwei [Department of Chemical Engineering, Huaihai Institute of Technology, Lianyungang 222005 (China); Chen, Zhong, E-mail: aszchen@ntu.edu.sg [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, 639798, Singapore (Singapore)

    2017-03-31

    Highlights: • Crumpled CoTMPyP/ERGO hybrid was successfully prepared by a facile two-step process. • CoTMPyP nanoaggregates are homogeneously distributed over the graphene surface. • CoTMPyP/ERGO hybrid film shows good electrocatalytic activity and stability for HER. - Abstract: Elaborate design and synthesis of efficient and stable non-Pt electrocatalysts for some renewable energy related conversion/storage processes are one of the major goals of sustainable chemistry. Herein, we report a facile method to fabricate Co porphyrin functionalized electrochemically reduced graphene oxide (CoTMPyP/ERGO) thin film by direct assembly of oppositely charged tetrakis(N-methylpyridyl) porphyrinato cobalt (CoTMPyP) and GO nanosheets under mild conditions followed by an electrochemical reduction procedure. STEM analysis confirms that CoTMPyP nanoaggregates are homogeneously distributed over the graphene surface. The electrochemical properties of CoTMPyP/ERGO were investigated by cyclic voltammetry, linear sweep voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The results demonstrate that CoTMPyP/ERGO nanohybrid film can serve as excellent electrocatalyst for hydrogen evolution in alkaline solution with high activity and stability. The intimate contact and efficient electron transfer between CoTMPyP and ERGO, as well as the crumpled structure, contribute to the improvement of the electrocatalytic performance.

  9. The impact of electrochemical reduction potentials on the electrocatalytic activity of graphene oxide toward the oxygen reduction reaction in an alkaline medium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Toh, Shaw Yong; Loh, Kee Shyuan; Kamarudin, Siti Kartom; Daud, Wan Ramli Wan

    2016-01-01

    We report the synthesis of graphene via the electrochemical reduction of graphene oxide (GO). In this study, GO nanosheets from aqueous dispersion were pre-assembled on a glassy carbon (GC) electrode and then electrochemically reduced in 1 M KOH under various constant reduction potentials in the range of −0.6 V to −1.5 V (vs. Ag/AgCl). X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Raman spectroscopy analyses revealed that the graphitic structure was substantially restored in the resulting electrochemically reduced graphene oxide (ERGO). The ERGO electrodes exhibited significantly enhanced catalytic activity toward the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in an alkaline medium compared with the initial GO electrode. Of the ERGO electrodes produced at various cathodic potentials, the ERGO-1.2 V electrode, which was produced at a reduction potential of −1.2 V, demonstrated the best catalytic activity toward the ORR in an alkaline medium. The ORR on GO and ERGO electrodes was shown to proceed via a two-electron mechanism at low overpotentials. The agreement between the spectroscopy results and electrochemical measurements provide strong evidence that the enhanced ORR catalytic activity is mainly attributed to the restoration of GO’s graphitic structure. Furthermore, the ERGO-1.2 V electrode showed excellent tolerance to the methanol poisoning effect compared with a Pt/C catalyst electrode.

  10. Electrochemical behavior and voltammetric determination of acetaminophen based on glassy carbon electrodes modified with poly(4-aminobenzoic acid)/electrochemically reduced graphene oxide composite films.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Wencai; Huang, Hui; Gao, Xiaochun; Ma, Houyi

    2014-12-01

    Poly(4-aminobenzoic acid)/electrochemically reduced graphene oxide composite film modified glassy carbon electrodes (4-ABA/ERGO/GCEs) were fabricated by a two-step electrochemical method. The electrochemical behavior of acetaminophen at the modified electrode was investigated by means of cyclic voltammetry. The results indicated that 4-ABA/ERGO composite films possessed excellent electrocatalytic activity towards the oxidation of acetaminophen. The electrochemical reaction of acetaminophen at 4-ABA/ERGO/GCE is proved to be a surface-controlled process involving the same number of protons and electrons. The voltammetric determination of acetaminophen performed with the 4-ABA/ERGO modified electrode presents a good linearity in the range of 0.1-65 μM with a low detection limit of 0.01 μM (S/N=3). In the case of using the 4-ABA/ERGO/GCE, acetaminophen and dopamine can be simultaneously determined without mutual interference. Furthermore, the 4-ABA/ERGO/GCE has good reproducibility and stability, and can be used to determine acetaminophen in tablets. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  11. Kuidas matemaatikat õpilasele kergemaks ja põnevamaks õppeaineks muuta? / Raivo Juurak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Juurak, Raivo, 1949-

    2016-01-01

    Vestlusring toimus videokonverentsina ning selles osalesid matemaatikaõpetajad Hele Kiisel Treffneri gümnaasiumist, Agu Ojasoo GAG-ist ja Maksim Ivanov Annelinna gümnaasiumist (viimasest osales ka õppealajuhataja Jelena Bitova), matemaatika õppejõud Terje Hõim ning interneti kaudu Sirje Pihlap TÜ-st, Tiia Lister koolituskeskusest Tulevikuhariduse PIRN, Aado Luik tarbijakaitsest, Kaja Jakobson SA Innovest ning Pille Liblik, Mariann Rikka ja Aivar Ots HTM-ist

  12. Lapsepõlve igavesed armid / Aita Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivi, Aita, 1954-

    2001-01-01

    Sisu : Tiia Kriisa. Võõras; Tove Ditlevsen. Lapsepõlve tänav; Tiina Tamman. Õie teekond; Elizabeth Kim. Kümme tuhat muret; Charles Bukowski. Postkontor; Charles Bukowski. Naised; Aarne Ruben. Volta annab kaeblikku vilet; Robyn Sisman. Lihtsalt sõbrad; Charlotte Bingham. Tähetolm; Spencer Johnson. Kes näppas minu juustu?; Jean Webster. Kallis vaenlane; Christoph Gann. Raoul Wallenberg

  13. Kolm küsimust esimese leedi kandidaatidele

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    Tiia Tulviste, Kirsti Savi, Sirje Priimägi, Mari-Ann Kelam ja Mari Tarand vastavad küsimustele, kuidas nad suhtuvad sattumisse presidendikampaaniasse, millisena nad näevad enda rolli presidendivalimiste kampaanias ja mida nad tahaksid teha esimese leedina. Eesti presidendi abikaasa rollist ühiskonnast räägivad Jaak Allik, Enn Eesmaa, Toomas Tiivel, Vilja Savisaar ja Gunnar Paal. Parlamendisaadik (M.-A. Kelam)

  14. TanshinoneIIA and cryptotanshinone protect against hypoxia-induced mitochondrial apoptosis in H9c2 cells.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hyou-Ju Jin

    Full Text Available Mitochondrial apoptosis pathway is an important target of cardioprotective signalling. Tanshinones, a group of major bioactive compounds isolated from Salvia miltiorrhiza, have been reported with actions against inflammation, oxidative stress, and myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury. However, the actions of these compounds on the chronic hypoxia-related mitochondrial apoptosis pathway have not been investigated. In this study, we examined the effects and molecular mechanisms of two major tanshonones, tanshinone IIA (TIIA and cryptotanshinone (CT on hypoxia induced apoptosis in H9c2 cells. Cultured H9c2 cells were treated with TIIA and CT (0.3 and 3 μΜ 2 hr before and during an 8 hr hypoxic period. Chronic hypoxia caused a significant increase in hypoxia inducible factor 1α expression and the cell late apoptosis rate, which was accompanied with an increase in caspase 3 activity, cytochrome c release, mitochondria membrane potential and expression of pro-apoptosis proteins (Bax and Bak. TIIA and CT (0.3 and 3 μΜ, in concentrations without affecting the cell viability, significantly inhibited the late apoptosis and the changes of caspase 3 activity, cytochrome c release, and mitochondria membrane potential induced by chronic hypoxia. These compounds also suppressed the overexpression of Bax and reduced the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2. The results indicate that TIIA and CT protect against chronic hypoxia induced cell apoptosis by regulating the mitochondrial apoptosis signaling pathway, involving inhibitions of mitochondria hyperpolarization, cytochrome c release and caspase 3 activity, and balancing anti- and pro-apoptotic proteins in Bcl-2 family proteins.

  15. Miks koolis diskrimineeritakse poisse? / Raivo Juurak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Juurak, Raivo, 1949-

    2015-01-01

    Eelmisel aastal peetud soolise võrdõiguslikkuse konverentsi sõnumiks on, et Eesti koolis diskrimineerivad õpetajad poisse. Küsimusele, kuidas poisid tüdrukutele järele aidata, vastavad Tallinna prantsuse lütseumi õpetaja Anneli Oidsalu, TLÜ kasvatusteaduste õppejõud Tiiu Kuurme, psühholoog Tiia Lister, haridustöötaja Enn Veesalu ja õpetaja Lembit Jakobson

  16. Meediakunstnike workshop polaarjoonel / Raivo Kelomees

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kelomees, Raivo, 1960-

    1998-01-01

    Rovaniemi ülikooli ning Tornio kunsti- ja meediakolledzhi juures juulis 1998 peetud 2. rahvusvahelisest meediakunsti workshopist "Polar Circuit 2". Eestist osalesid Raivo Kelomees, Tiia Johannson. Tornio kunsti- ja meediakolledzhist. Külastatud workshopidest (juhendajad Steve Bradley, Owen Kelly, Christine Stevart, Rasa Smite ja Raitis Smits). Õppetöö tase Eesti Kunstiakadeemias jätab soovida. Ilmunud ka kogumikus "Ekraan kui membraan". Tartu, 2007, lk. 46-48

  17. 28. detsembrini on Tallinna keskraamatukogu peahoone näitusesaalis...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Assisi Franciscuse "Päikeselaulule" pühendatud näitus, mis on osa 2002. a. Itaalias Assisis ja Macaretas toimunud II rahvusvahelisest raamatuköitekunsti näituskonkursist, kus Eestist olid 100 medaliga autasustaud kunstniku hulgas Urve Kolde, Kaia Lukats, Esta Voss ja Tiina Piisang, 200 äramärgitud köite autorite seas 18 kunstnikku. Näituse kujundas Tiia Eikholm

  18. Integrated anode structure for passive direct methanol fuel cells with neat methanol operation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Huijuan; Zhang, Haifeng; Chen, Peng; Guo, Jing; Yuan, Ting; Zheng, Junwei; Yang, Hui

    2014-02-01

    A microporous titanium plate based integrated anode structure (Ti-IAS) suitable for passive direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs) fueled with neat methanol is reported. This anode structure incorporates a porous titanium plate as a methanol mass transfer barrier and current collector, pervaporation film for passively vaporizing methanol, vaporous methanol cavity for evenly distributing fuel, and channels for carbon dioxide venting. With the effective control of methanol delivery rate, the Ti-IAS based DMFC allows the direct use of neat methanol as the fuel source. In the meantime, the required water for methanol-oxidation reaction at the anode can also be fully recovered from the cathode with the help of the highly hydrophobic microporous layer in the cathode. DMFCs incorporating this new anode structure exhibit a power density as high as 40 mW cm-2 and a high volumetric energy density of 489 Wh L-1 operating with neat methanol and at 25 °C. Importantly, no obvious performance degradation of the passive DMFC system is observed after more than 90 h of continuous operation. The experimental results reveal that the compact DMFC based on the Ti-IAS exhibits a substantial potential as power sources for portable applications.

  19. Electrochemical determination of xanthine oxidase inhibitor drug in urate lowering therapy using graphene nanosheets modified electrode

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Raj, M. Amal; John, S. Abraham

    2014-01-01

    We report the electrochemical determination of urate lowering therapeutic drug, allopurinol (AP) using the electrochemically reduced graphene oxide (ERGO) modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE). The ERGO modified GCE was fabricated by self–assembling graphene oxide (GO) on 1,6-hexadiamine (HDA) modified GCE by the electrostatic interaction between the positively charged amine group and the negatively charged GO layers followed by the electrochemical reduction of GO layers at negative potential. XPS results confirmed the attachment of GO and its electrochemical reduction. The electrochemical behavior of AP was examined at ERGO modified electrode in the presence of ascorbic acid (AA) and uric acid (UA). It was found that ERGO modified electrode not only enhanced the oxidation currents of AP, AA and UA but also showed stable signals for them for repetitive potential cycles. The present modified electrode was successfully used to determine these analytes simultaneously in a mixture. Selective determination of AP in the presence of high concentrations of AA and UA was also demonstrated at ERGO modified GCE. Using amperometry, detections of 40 and 200 nM of UA and AP were achieved and the detection limits were found to be 9.0 × 10 −9 M and 1.1 × 10 −7 M, respectively (S/N = 3). Further, the practical application of the present modified electrode was demonstrated by simultaneously determining the concentrations of AA, UA and AP in human blood serum and urine samples

  20. Graphene platforms for the detection of caffeine in real samples

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Khoo, Weslie Yu Heng; Pumera, Martin; Bonanni, Alessandra, E-mail: a.bonanni@ntu.edu.sg

    2013-12-04

    Graphical abstract: -- Highlights: •Commercial caffeine was detected on different chemically modified graphenes. •Electrochemically reduced graphene (ERGO) provided the best performance. •ERGO was then employed for the detection of caffeine in real samples. -- Abstract: The analysis of food components is of high importance due to food safety and security. Here the electrochemical detection of caffeine was performed on different chemically modified graphene (CMG) surfaces carrying diverse amount of defects and oxygen functionalities. The analytical performances of graphite oxide (GPO), graphene oxide (GO), and electrochemically reduced graphene oxide (ERGO) were compared for the first time for the detection of caffeine. It was found that ERGO showed the most favourable analytical parameters, such as lower oxidation potential, sensitivity, linearity and reproducibility of the response. ERGO was then used for the analysis of real samples. Caffeine levels of soluble coffee, teas and energetic drinks were measured without the need of any sample pre-treatment. Our findings are very important to gain more insight into the applicability of different graphene materials to real samples for sense-and-act analysis.

  1. Graphene platforms for the detection of caffeine in real samples

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Khoo, Weslie Yu Heng; Pumera, Martin; Bonanni, Alessandra

    2013-01-01

    Graphical abstract: -- Highlights: •Commercial caffeine was detected on different chemically modified graphenes. •Electrochemically reduced graphene (ERGO) provided the best performance. •ERGO was then employed for the detection of caffeine in real samples. -- Abstract: The analysis of food components is of high importance due to food safety and security. Here the electrochemical detection of caffeine was performed on different chemically modified graphene (CMG) surfaces carrying diverse amount of defects and oxygen functionalities. The analytical performances of graphite oxide (GPO), graphene oxide (GO), and electrochemically reduced graphene oxide (ERGO) were compared for the first time for the detection of caffeine. It was found that ERGO showed the most favourable analytical parameters, such as lower oxidation potential, sensitivity, linearity and reproducibility of the response. ERGO was then used for the analysis of real samples. Caffeine levels of soluble coffee, teas and energetic drinks were measured without the need of any sample pre-treatment. Our findings are very important to gain more insight into the applicability of different graphene materials to real samples for sense-and-act analysis

  2. Fabrication of Electrochemically Reduced Graphene Oxide Modified Gas Diffusion Electrode for In-situ Electrochemical Advanced Oxidation Process under Mild Conditions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dong, Heng; Su, Huimin; Chen, Ze; Yu, Han; Yu, Hongbing

    2016-01-01

    With aim to develop an efficient heterogeneous metal-free cathodic electrochemical advance oxidation process (CEAOP) for persistent organic pollutants (POPs) removal from wastewater under mild conditions, electrochemically reduced graphene oxide (ERGO)-modified gas diffusion electrode (GDE) was prepared for oxygen-containing radicals production via electrochemical oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). A detailed physical characterization was carried out by SEM, Raman spectroscopy, XRD and XPS. The electrocatalytic behavior for ORR was investigated by electrochemical measurements and electrolysis experiments under constant current density. Bisphenol A (BPA) of 20 mg L −1 was used as a model of POPs to evaluate the performance of the CEAOP with ERGO-modified GDE. The results showed that the defects concentration and electrochemical active sites of the ERGO was increased as the reduction time (30 min, 60 min and 120 min), leading to different catalysis on ORR. ·O 2 generation via one-electron ORR was found under the electrocatalysis of ERGO (60 min and 120 min), contributing to a complete degradation of BPA within 20 min and a mineralization current efficiency (MCE) of 74.60%. An alternative metal-free CEAOP independent of Fenton reaction was established based on ERGO-modified GDE for POPs removal from wastewater under mild conditions.

  3. A reagentless non-enzymatic hydrogen peroxide sensor presented using electrochemically reduced graphene oxide modified glassy carbon electrode

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mutyala, Sankararao; Mathiyarasu, Jayaraman

    2016-01-01

    Herein, we report a simple, facile and reproducible non-enzymatic hydrogen peroxide (H 2 O 2 ) sensor using electrochemically reduced graphene oxide (ERGO) modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE). The modified electrode was characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), UV–Visible, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) techniques. Cyclic voltammetric (CV) analysis revealed that ERGO/GCE exhibited virtuous charge transfer properties for a standard redox systems and showed excellent performance towards electroreduction of H 2 O 2 . Amperometric study using ERGO/GCE showed high sensitivity (0.3 μA/μM) and faster response upon the addition of H 2 O 2 at an applied potential of − 0.25 V vs. Ag/AgCl. The detection limit is assessed to be 0.7 μM (S/N = 3) and the time to reach a stable study state current is < 3 s for a linear range of H 2 O 2 concentration (1–16 μM). In addition, the modified electrode exhibited good reproducibility and long-term stability. - Graphical abstract: We presented a reagentless non-enzymatic hydrogen peroxide sensor using electrochemically reduced graphene oxide material. - Highlights: • A facile green procedure proposed for high quality graphene synthesis using electrochemical reduction of graphene oxide • A simple, facile and reagentless non-enzymatic hydrogen peroxide sensor developed using ERGO/GCE. • ERGO/GCE exhibited high sensitivity, selectivity and finite limit of detection for H 2 O 2 sensing at low overpotential. • ERGO/GCE exhibited long term stability and good reproducibility.

  4. A reagentless non-enzymatic hydrogen peroxide sensor presented using electrochemically reduced graphene oxide modified glassy carbon electrode

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mutyala, Sankararao; Mathiyarasu, Jayaraman, E-mail: al_mathi@yahoo.com

    2016-12-01

    Herein, we report a simple, facile and reproducible non-enzymatic hydrogen peroxide (H{sub 2}O{sub 2}) sensor using electrochemically reduced graphene oxide (ERGO) modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE). The modified electrode was characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), UV–Visible, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) techniques. Cyclic voltammetric (CV) analysis revealed that ERGO/GCE exhibited virtuous charge transfer properties for a standard redox systems and showed excellent performance towards electroreduction of H{sub 2}O{sub 2}. Amperometric study using ERGO/GCE showed high sensitivity (0.3 μA/μM) and faster response upon the addition of H{sub 2}O{sub 2} at an applied potential of − 0.25 V vs. Ag/AgCl. The detection limit is assessed to be 0.7 μM (S/N = 3) and the time to reach a stable study state current is < 3 s for a linear range of H{sub 2}O{sub 2} concentration (1–16 μM). In addition, the modified electrode exhibited good reproducibility and long-term stability. - Graphical abstract: We presented a reagentless non-enzymatic hydrogen peroxide sensor using electrochemically reduced graphene oxide material. - Highlights: • A facile green procedure proposed for high quality graphene synthesis using electrochemical reduction of graphene oxide • A simple, facile and reagentless non-enzymatic hydrogen peroxide sensor developed using ERGO/GCE. • ERGO/GCE exhibited high sensitivity, selectivity and finite limit of detection for H{sub 2}O{sub 2} sensing at low overpotential. • ERGO/GCE exhibited long term stability and good reproducibility.

  5. Short outlines of books by Estonian authors : [annotations] / Rutt Hinrikus, Janika Kronberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hinrikus, Rutt, 1946-

    1998-01-01

    Sauter, Peeter. Luus; Kuik, Valentin. Poegade mäss; Kallas, Teet. Käsi; Toomet, Tiia. Isamaa suvi; Ehlvest, Jüri. Päkapikk kirjutab; Meri, Lennart. Presidendikõned; Rannap, Jaan. Kõverkäpp; Krull, Hasso; Kalve, Toomas. Kaalud; Talvet, Jüri. Eesti eleegia ja teisi luuletusi; Mihkelson, Ene. Pidevus neelab nuga; Tode, Emil. Printsess; Lepik, Kalju. Pihlakamarja rist; Vint, Toomas. Lõppematu maastik; Valter, Edgar. Isand Tuutu ettevõtmised; Kõiv, Madis. Kolm näitemängu

  6. Igal pool ja mitte kuskil / Piibe Piirma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Piirma, Piibe

    2006-01-01

    Võrgu- ehk netikunsti ajaloost ja arengust. Korea kunstniku Nam June Paiki, Vene kunstnike Aleksei Shulgini ja Olja Ljalina, hollandi fotograafi Joan Heemskerk'i, belgia kunstniku Dirk Paesmans'i, sloveeni kunstnike Vuk Cosic'i ja Marko Pelijhan'i, kanada kunstniku Robert Adrian X-i, saksa kunstnike Wolfgang Staehle, Rena Tangens'i ja Cornelia Sollfranki tegevusest. Šveitsi kunstirühmituse "Etoy" performance'ist "Toywar". Lühidalt eesti võrgukunstist, Mare Tralla ja Tiia Johannsoni tegevusest. Repliigid Heie Treierilt ja Raivo Kelomehelt

  7. Toiduainetööstuse TOP aastal 2006 / Rivo Sarapik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sarapik, Rivo, 1981-

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti : Promõshlennost 17. okt. lk. 12-13. Edukamad toiduainetööstuse tootjad 2006. aastal. Vt. samas: Toiduainetööstuse üld- ja finantsandmed; Käibe TOP 5; Käibe kasvu TOP 5; Kasumi TOP 5; Kasumi kasvu TOP 5; Rentaabluse TOP 5; Omakapitali tootlikkuse TOP 5; Ketlin Priilinn:Võru Juust tipus emafirma abiga. Kommenteerib Tiia Karu. Diagramm; AS Tere tõuseb raske töö toel. Kommenteerib Aivar Häelm. Diagramm; Maag ajab jonnakusega oma asja. Diagramm

  8. Milliseid erialaseid teadmisi ja oskusi olete kasutanud oma praeguses ametis? : vastavad infoteaduse eriala vilistlased / interv. Hela Ojasaar, Margot Mahlapuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Vastavad: EV Presidendi Kantselei direktori asetäitja, üldosakonna juhataja Riina Roomet, Mahtra Talurahvamuuseumi direktor Tiia-Helle Schmitte, EBS-i raamatukogu juhataja Eda Pihu, Euroopa Liidu asjade komisjoni nõunik (Riigikogu) Külli Kask, Kultuuriministeeriumi raamatukogunõunik Meeli Veskus, Võrumaa Keskraamatukogu direktor Inga Kuljus, Lääne Maakonna Keskraamatukogu direktor Ilme Sepp, Riigiarhiivi direktor Marge Tiidus, kirjastuse Pilgrim juht Tiina Ristimets, Tallinna Keskraamatukogu direktor Kaie Holm, Eesti ENIC/NARIC Keskuse infospetsialist Liia Tüür, Eesti Rahvusraamatukogu direktor Tiiu Valm, Tartu Ülikooli Raamatukogu teenindusdirektor Mare-Nelli Ilus, Viljandi Kultuuriakadeemia raamatukogunduse ja infoteaduste osakonna juhataja Ilmar Vaaro

  9. Muutuv ruum : meediakunst eesti kultuuris = Changing spaces : new media art in Estonian culture / Katrin Kivimaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivimaa, Katrin, 1969-

    2004-01-01

    1990-ndate aastate Eesti kaasaegse kunsti arengust, selle medialiseerumisest, mida iseloomustab fotograafia, video ja arvutipõhise meedia tungimisest "kõrgesse kunsti", Mall Nukke, Tiia Johannsoni, Raivo Kelomehe ja Nelli Rohtvee netiprojektidest ning Ando Keskküla kureeritud rahvusvahelistest kunsti- ja meediaüritustest "Interstanding"1-3, ka Prantsuse-Balti videofestivalidest, uue meedia festivalist "Offline@online". Eestikeelne lühem variant ilmunud ajakirjas "Kunst.ee", 2001, nr.4, inglisekeelne - ajakirjas "Mare Articum", 2000, nr. 2(7)?

  10. Kultuuri veri vemmeldab / Vaapo Vaher

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaher, Vaapo, 1945-

    2004-01-01

    Kultuuriaasta 2004 tõi autasud teiste seas heliloojatele Helena Tulvele, kes võitis juunis Pariisis rahvusvahelise nüüdisloomingu rostrumi "grand prix'" oma orkestriteosega "Sula"; Arvo Pärdile, kes kuulutati detsembris rahvusvahelise infoteatmiku Musical America poolt Aasta heliloojaks; veebruaris Grammy auhind parimale koorimuusika plaadile "Sibelius Cantatas", millel esitavad Sibeliuse kantaate tütarlastekoor Ellerhein, Eesti Rahvusmeeskoor ja Eesti Riiklik Sümfooniaorkester (dirigendid Tiia-Ester Loitme, Ants Soots ja Paavo Järvi); Briti teatripreemia "Laurence Olivier'" Londoni Teatriühingult balletipaarile Age Oksale ja Toomas Edurile

  11. calvyn oor die leiding van die heilige gees in die verklaring van die

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mittel alters, bis er zur Ruhe kommt bei den kanonischen Schriften der. Urzeit der christlichen Ära (Barth ... (ego tamen dimoveri non possum ab amore compendii, CO 10, 403). Deur die boodskap van die .... Idem ergo spiritus qui per os prophetarum loquutus est, in corda nostra penetret necesse est, ut persuadeat fideliter ...

  12. ETV ekraanigraafika on Euroopa parimate seas / René Vilbre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vilbre, René, 1970-

    2011-01-01

    Euroopa avalik-õiguslikle telejaamade konkurentsis valiti ETV ekraanigraafika viie parima hulka. Finaali pääses ETV kahes kategoorias - "Best design package" ja "Best use of audio". Intervjuu vaheklippide autori René Vilbrega. Võttemeeskonda kuulusid veel toimetaja Anu Välba, operaatorid Kristjan-Jaak Nuudi ja Ergo Treier

  13. Tangible and fungible energy: Hybrid energy market and currency system for total energy management. A Masdar City case study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sgouridis, Sgouris; Kennedy, Scott

    2010-01-01

    We propose the introduction of an energy-based parallel currency as a means to ease the transition to energy-conscious living. Abundant fossil energy resources mask the internal and external energy costs for casual energy consumers. This situation is challenging communities that draw a significant fraction of their primary energy consumption from renewable energy sources. The Masdar Energy Credit (MEC) system is a way of translating the fundamental aspects behind energy generation and usage into a tangible reality for all users with built-in fungibility to incentivize collectively sustainable behavior. The energy credit currency (ergo) corresponds with a chosen unit of energy so that the total amount of ergos issued equals the energy supply of the community. Ergos are distributed to users (residents, commercial entities, employees, and visitors) on a subscription basis and can be surrendered in exchange for the energy content of a service. A spot market pricing mechanism is introduced to relate ergos to 'fiat' currency using a continuously variable exchange rate to prevent depletion of the sustainable energy resource. The MEC system is intended to: (i) meet the sustainable energy balance targets of a community (ii) support peak shaving or load shifting goals, and (iii) raise energy awareness.

  14. de zekerheid van het geloof — bucer's antwoord aan pighius 1 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Das Rechtfertigungsverständnis in den Religionsgesprächen von Hagenau, Worms und. Regensburg 1540/41, Göttingen 1996 (FKDG 64). 15 Pfeilschifter, Acta reformationis catholicae, p. 53: Fides ergo viva ea est, quae et apprehendit misericordiam in Christo ac credit iustitiam, quae est in Christo, sibi gratis imputari et ...

  15. An Easily Fabricated Electrochemical Sensor Based on a Graphene-Modified Glassy Carbon Electrode for Determination of Octopamine and Tyramine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yang; Zhang, Meiqin; Wei, Qianhui; Gao, Yongjie; Guo, Lijuan; Al-Ghanim, Khalid A.; Mahboob, Shahid; Zhang, Xueji

    2016-01-01

    A simple electrochemical sensor has been developed for highly sensitive detection of octopamine and tyramine by electrodepositing reduced graphene oxide (ERGO) nanosheets onto the surface of a glassy carbon electrode (GCE). The electrocatalytic oxidation of octopamine and tyramine is individually investigated at the surface of the ERGO modified glassy carbon electrode (ERGO/GCE) by using cyclic voltammetry (CV) and differential pulse voltammetry (DPV). Several essential factors including the deposition cycle of reduced graphene oxide nanosheets and the pH of the running buffer were investigated in order to determine the optimum conditions. Furthermore, the sensor was applied to the quantification of octopamine and tyramine by DPV in the concentration ranges from 0.5 to 40 μM and 0.1 to 25 μM, respectively. In addition, the limits of detection of octopamine and tyramine were calculated to be 0.1 μM and 0.03 μM (S/N = 3), respectively. The sensor showed good reproducibility, selectivity and stability. Finally, the sensor successfully detected octopamine and tyramine in commercially available beer with satisfactory recovery ranges which were 98.5%–104.7% and 102.2%–103.1%, respectively. These results indicate the ERGO/GCE based sensor is suitable for the detection of octopamine and tyramine. PMID:27089341

  16. Los menos accesibles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lydia Bond

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Droga y SIDA están relacionados. La pobreza, la discriminación y el desempleo son factores que condicionan el consumo de drogas. Ergo, los programas de prevención tienen que llegar a los pobres.

  17. Clearing the Path tor All of Us Where Trains Once Ran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mills, Judy

    1990-01-01

    Describes the concept behind the rail-to-trails movement; the history, process and problems of converting abandoned railroad beds to bike and walking paths. Introduces the concept and trend of ergo, or linear parks, corridors, and greenways to meet the increasing need for public access to land for recreational purposes. (MCO)

  18. Let's Get Physical-Or Not

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Ann

    2005-01-01

    Necessity is still the mother of invention, and physical processing is a reality for most libraries. Ergo, the inevitable development of Indigo Media and its innovative MediaPrint software, which allows distributors to overlay customized labels, logos, barcodes, and artwork onto retail labels of audiobooks, CDs, VHS tapes, DVDs, and CD-ROMs, on a…

  19. Enhanced electrocatalytic activity of graphene-gold nanoparticles hybrids for peroxynitrite electrochemical detection on hemin-based electrode.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Beibei; Ji, Xueping; Ren, Jujie; Ni, Ruixing; Wang, Lin

    2017-12-01

    A simple, ultrasensitive peroxynitrite anion (ONOO - ) electrochemical sensing platform was developed by immobilizing hemin on a density controllable electrochemically reduced graphene oxide-Au nanoparticles (ERGO-AuNPs) nanohybrids. The ERGO-AuNPs in situ nanohybrids were produced onto a glass carbon electrode (GCE) by one-step electrodeposition, the density of which could be easily controlled by electrodeposited time. The morphology of ERGO-AuNPs nanohybrids was characterized by a scanning electron microscope (SEM). The ERGO-AuNPs nanohybrids showed a high electrocatalytic activity for immobilized-hemin, because the nanostructures hybrids could effectively promote electron transfer rate between hemin and the electrode. Due to nanohybrids-enhanced catalytic effect for hemin, they were firstly selected for use as a highly sensitive electrochemical platform for ONOO - detection. The resulted sensor showed a high electrocatalytic activity toward ONOO - oxidation, being free from the electroactive interferents, including nitrite, nitrate, dopamine and uric acid at an applied potential of 0.7V. The sensor exhibited a high sensitivity of 123.1nAμM -1 and a lower detection limit of 0.1μM, and a wide linear range of 2.4×10 -6 to 5.5×10 -5 M, which could be attributed to the synergy between ERGO and AuNPs in hybrids. The nanohybrids in situ preparation and ONOO - detection methods would be beneficial to developing other sensing interface and have promising applications in biological molecules analysis and clinical diagnostic. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  20. Highly sensitive interference-free electrochemical determination of pyridoxine at graphene modified electrode: Importance in Parkinson and Asthma treatments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raj, M Amal; Gowthaman, N S K; John, S Abraham

    2016-07-15

    To reduce the side effects in the medication of Parkinson and Asthma, pyridoxine (PY) is administered along with l-3,4-dihydroxyphenyl alanine (l-dopa) and theophylline (TP), respectively. However, excessive dosage of PY leads to nervous disorder. Thus, a sensitive and selective electrochemical method was developed for the determination of PY in the presence of major interferences including TP, l-dopa, ascorbic acid (AA) and riboflavin (RB) using electrochemically reduced graphene oxide (ERGO) film modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE) in this paper. The ERGO fabrication process involves the nucleophilic substitution of graphene oxide at basic pH on amine terminal of 1,6-hexadiamine which was pre-assembled on GCE followed by electrochemical reduction. The electrocatalytic activity of the ERGO modified electrode was examined towards the oxidation of PY. It greatly enhanced the oxidation current of PY in contrast to bare and GO modified GCEs due to facile electron transfer besides π-π interaction between ERGO film and PY. Since TP and l-dopa drugs antagonize the drug action of PY, ERGO modified GCE was also used for the simultaneous determination of PY and l-dopa and PY and TP. Further, the selective determination of PY in the presence of other water soluble vitamins such as ascorbic acid and riboflavin was also demonstrated. Using amperometry, detection of 100nM PY was achieved and the detection limit was found to be 5.6×10(-8)M (S/N=3). The practical application of the present method was demonstrated by determining the concentration of PY in human blood serum and commercial drugs. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Organic cation transporter-mediated ergothioneine uptake in mouse neural progenitor cells suppresses proliferation and promotes differentiation into neurons.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takahiro Ishimoto

    Full Text Available The aim of the present study is to clarify the functional expression and physiological role in neural progenitor cells (NPCs of carnitine/organic cation transporter OCTN1/SLC22A4, which accepts the naturally occurring food-derived antioxidant ergothioneine (ERGO as a substrate in vivo. Real-time PCR analysis revealed that mRNA expression of OCTN1 was much higher than that of other organic cation transporters in mouse cultured cortical NPCs. Immunocytochemical analysis showed colocalization of OCTN1 with the NPC marker nestin in cultured NPCs and mouse embryonic carcinoma P19 cells differentiated into neural progenitor-like cells (P19-NPCs. These cells exhibited time-dependent [(3H]ERGO uptake. These results demonstrate that OCTN1 is functionally expressed in murine NPCs. Cultured NPCs and P19-NPCs formed neurospheres from clusters of proliferating cells in a culture time-dependent manner. Exposure of cultured NPCs to ERGO or other antioxidants (edaravone and ascorbic acid led to a significant decrease in the area of neurospheres with concomitant elimination of intracellular reactive oxygen species. Transfection of P19-NPCs with small interfering RNA for OCTN1 markedly promoted formation of neurospheres with a concomitant decrease of [(3H]ERGO uptake. On the other hand, exposure of cultured NPCs to ERGO markedly increased the number of cells immunoreactive for the neuronal marker βIII-tubulin, but decreased the number immunoreactive for the astroglial marker glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP, with concomitant up-regulation of neuronal differentiation activator gene Math1. Interestingly, edaravone and ascorbic acid did not affect such differentiation of NPCs, in contrast to the case of proliferation. Knockdown of OCTN1 increased the number of cells immunoreactive for GFAP, but decreased the number immunoreactive for βIII-tubulin, with concomitant down-regulation of Math1 in P19-NPCs. Thus, OCTN1-mediated uptake of ERGO in NPCs inhibits

  2. Achieving direct electrochemistry of glucose oxidase by one step electrochemical reduction of graphene oxide and its use in glucose sensing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shamsipur, Mojtaba; Tabrizi, Mahmoud Amouzadeh

    2014-12-01

    In this paper, the direct electrochemistry of glucose oxidase (GOD) was accomplished at a glassy carbon electrode modified with electrochemically reduced graphene oxide/sodium dodecyl sulfate (GCE/ERGO/SDS). A pair of reversible peaks is exhibited on GCE/ERGO/SDS/GOD by cyclic voltammetry. The peak-to-peak potential separation of immobilized GOD is 28 mV in 0.1 M phosphate buffer solution (pH7.0) with a scan rate of 50 mV/s. The average surface coverage is 2.62×10(-10) mol cm(-2). The resulting biosensor exhibited a good response to glucose with linear range from 1 to 8 mM (R(2)=0.9878), good reproducibility and detection limit of 40.8 μM. The results from the biosensor were similar (±5%) to those obtained from the clinical analyzer. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  3. Applying Machine Learning to Workers' Compensation Data to Identify Industry-Specific Ergonomic and Safety Prevention Priorities: Ohio, 2001 to 2011.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyers, Alysha R; Al-Tarawneh, Ibraheem S; Wurzelbacher, Steven J; Bushnell, P Timothy; Lampl, Michael P; Bell, Jennifer L; Bertke, Stephen J; Robins, David C; Tseng, Chih-Yu; Wei, Chia; Raudabaugh, Jill A; Schnorr, Teresa M

    2018-01-01

    This study leveraged a state workers' compensation claims database and machine learning techniques to target prevention efforts by injury causation and industry. Injury causation auto-coding methods were developed to code more than 1.2 million Ohio Bureau of Workers' Compensation claims for this study. Industry groups were ranked for soft-tissue musculoskeletal claims that may have been preventable with biomechanical ergonomic (ERGO) or slip/trip/fall (STF) interventions. On the basis of the average of claim count and rate ranks for more than 200 industry groups, Skilled Nursing Facilities (ERGO) and General Freight Trucking (STF) were the highest risk for lost-time claims (>7 days). This study created a third, major causation-specific U.S. occupational injury surveillance system. These findings are being used to focus prevention resources on specific occupational injury types in specific industry groups, especially in Ohio. Other state bureaus or insurers may use similar methods.

  4. Spot Støjbergs støj

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kock, Christian Erik J

    2015-01-01

    Inger Støjberg er placeret på en af de mest profilerede poster i Løkkes regering. Spørger du hende om fortiden, taler hun om fremtiden. Spørger du hende om fremtiden, taler hun om fortiden. Ergo: Hun taler udenom, og hun er god til det. Hun er så god, at det skader demokratiet. Lær at spotte hend...

  5. An electrochemical sensor for gallic acid based on Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}/electro-reduced graphene oxide composite: Estimation for the antioxidant capacity index of wines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gao, Feng, E-mail: fgao1981@126.com [College of Chemistry and Environment, Fujian Province Key Laboratory of Morden Analytical Science and Separation Technology, Minnan Normal University, Zhangzhou 363000 (China); Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Shimane University, 1060 Nishikawatsu, Matsue, Shimane 690-8504 (Japan); Zheng, Delun [College of Chemistry and Environment, Fujian Province Key Laboratory of Morden Analytical Science and Separation Technology, Minnan Normal University, Zhangzhou 363000 (China); Tanaka, Hidekazu [Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Shimane University, 1060 Nishikawatsu, Matsue, Shimane 690-8504 (Japan); Zhan, Fengping; Yuan, Xiaoning; Gao, Fei [College of Chemistry and Environment, Fujian Province Key Laboratory of Morden Analytical Science and Separation Technology, Minnan Normal University, Zhangzhou 363000 (China); Wang, Qingxiang, E-mail: axiang236@126.com [College of Chemistry and Environment, Fujian Province Key Laboratory of Morden Analytical Science and Separation Technology, Minnan Normal University, Zhangzhou 363000 (China)

    2015-12-01

    A highly sensitive electrochemical sensor for gallic acid (GA), an important polyphenolic compound, was fabricated using the hybrid material of chitosan (CS), fishbone-shaped Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} (fFe{sub 2}O{sub 3}), and electrochemically reduced graphene oxide (ERGO) as the sensing matrix. The electrochemical characterization experiments showed that the CS–fFe{sub 2}O{sub 3}–ERGO modified glassy carbon electrode (CS–fFe{sub 2}O{sub 3}–ERGO/GCE) had large surface area, excellent electronic conductivity and high stability. The GA presented a superior electrochemical response on CS–fFe{sub 2}O{sub 3}–ERGO/GCE in comparison with the single-component modified electrode. The electrochemical mechanism and optimal test conditions of GA on the electrode surface were carefully investigated. Under the optimal conditions, the oxidation peak currents in differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) experiments exhibited a good linear relationship with the logarithmic values of GA concentration over the range from 1.0 × 10{sup −6} M to 1.0 × 10{sup −4} M. Based on signal-to-noise (S/N) characteristic of 3, the detection limit was estimated to be 1.5 × 10{sup −7} M. The proposed sensor has also been applied for estimating the antioxidant capacity index of real samples of red and white wines. - Highlights: • Fishbone-shaped Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} (fFe{sub 2}O{sub 3}) nanoparticles were synthesized by a simple template-free solvothermal method. • The nanocomposite of fFe{sub 2}O{sub 3}, graphene and chitosan was used as the sensing platform for gallic acid. • The sensor shows a wide linear range and low detection limit for gallic acid. • The antioxidant capacity index of wines was successfully evaluated by the sensor.

  6. Effect of music tempo on exercise performance and heart rate among young adults

    OpenAIRE

    Thakare, Avinash E; Mehrotra, Ranjeeta; Singh, Ayushi

    2017-01-01

    Background & objectives: Music captures attention, triggers a range of emotions, alters or regulates mood, increases work output, heightens arousal, induces states of higher functioning, reduces inhibitions and encourages rhythmic movement. Music has ergo-genic effect as well, it increases exercise performance, delays fatigue and increases performance and endurance, power and strength. Our study tried to evaluate the effect of music on exercise performance in young untrained subjects. Methods...

  7. Diagnostic Assessment of Troubleshooting Skill in an Intelligent Tutoring System

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-03-01

    Teachers of Mathematics (1989). Curriculum and evaluation standards for school mathematics . Reston, VA: NCTM . Noetic Systems (1993). ERGO v. 1.2 (software...e,g, Rutherford & Ahlgren, 1990; National Council of Teachers of Mathematics , 1989). The second feature is a cognitive model of performance that...made, for example, that an individual has high ability in mathematics , yet the epistemic conditions that characterize high ability are never explicitly

  8. Reason and madness in the structure of the Cartesian cogito. Three interpretations of Rene Descartes' Meditation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karachevtseva Larysа Mykolaivna

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses the polemics between Michel Foucault and Jacques Derrida that took place in the sixties of the 20th century. This polemics was dedicated to the elucidation of the role of reason and madness within Cartesian radical doubt – that thought experiment maintained the formula ego cogito ergo sum. The article also examines Emmanuel Levinas's interpretation of Descartes' idea of the infinite. It is shown that the idea of the infinite constitutes cogito.

  9. Integrated Information Systems Management: A Coordinated and Cooperative Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-08-13

    processing system. Ergo, the telecomununications dependent era of data processing had began. 54 The era of telecomunications -dependent data processing...potential for saving costs, is the problem of the trans- ’i I portation- telecomunications tradeoff. Alfred E. Kahn and Charles A. Zielinski wrote in 1976...I dfind i, th. crt’ditblity thv telecomunications manager had S.t.;!.i ,! ,..i t t,? !.nu~vunt. Lnfortunately, this important I fe~ttuv tif otI (tcn v

  10. Electrochemical Evaluation of trans-Resveratrol Levels in Red Wine Based on the Interaction between Resveratrol and Graphene

    OpenAIRE

    Liu, Lantao; Zhou, Yanli; Kang, Yiyu; Huang, Haihong; Li, Congming; Xu, Maotian; Ye, Baoxian

    2017-01-01

    trans-Resveratrol is often considered as one of the quality standards of red wine, and the development of a sensitive and reliable method for monitoring the trans-resveratrol levels in red wine is an urgent requirement for the quality control. Here, a novel voltammetric approach was described for probing trans-resveratrol using a graphene-modified glassy carbon (GC) electrode. The proposed electrode was prepared by one-step electrodeposition of reduced graphene oxide (ERGO) at a GC electrode....

  11. Influence of Ergonomics on Traffic Safety and Economy Development

    OpenAIRE

    Teodor Perić; Nada Štrumberger; Dean Perić

    2004-01-01

    As an interdisciplinary science, ergonomics needs to makethe operating of traffic safer, faster and more reliable, for thesake of higher profitability and generally improved economiceffects. This is achieved by adapting and shaping the workplace,machines, transport means, equipment, physical environment,working process etc. according to experience abouthuman anatomic physica~ sociologica~ intellectual and otherminimal, average or maximal capabilities. Therefore, it is necessaryto analyse ergo...

  12. Electrochemical determination of 2,4,6-trinitrophenol using a hybrid film composed of a copper-based metal organic framework and electroreduced graphene oxide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yong; Cao, Wei; Wang, Luyao; Zhuang, Qianfen; Ni, Yongnian

    2018-06-04

    A metal organic framework (MOF) of the type copper(II)-1,3,5-benzenetricarboxylic acid (Cu-BTC) was electrodeposited on electroreduced graphene oxide (ERGO) placed on a glassy carbon electrode (GCE). The modified GCE was used for highly sensitive electrochemical determination of 2,4,6-trinitrophenol (TNP). The fabrication process of the modified electrode was characterized by scanning electron microscopy and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) demonstrates that the Cu-BTC/ERGO/GCE gives stronger signals for TNP reduction than Cu-BTC/GCE or ERGO/GCE alone. DPV also shows TNP to exhibit three reduction peaks, the first at a potential of -0.42 V (vs. SCE). This potential was selected because the other three similarly-structured compounds (2-nitrophenol, 4-nitrophenol, 2,4-dinitrophenol) do not give a signal at this potential. Response is linear in the 0.2 to 10 μM TNP concentration range, with a 0.1 μM detection limit (at S/N = 3) and a 15.98 μA∙μM -1 ∙cm -2 sensitivity under optimal conditions. The applicability of the sensor was evaluated by detecting TNP in spiked tap water and lake water samples. Recoveries ranged between 95 and 101%. Graphical abstract Schematic presentation of an electrochemical sensor that was fabricated by electrodeposition of the metal-organic framework (MOF) of copper(II)-1,3,5-benzenetricarboxylic acid (Cu-BTC) onto the surface of electroreduced graphene oxide (ERGO) modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE). It was applied to sensitive and selective detection of 2,4,6-trinitrophenol (TNP).

  13. Edge localized modes control by resonant magnetic perturbations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nardon, E.

    2007-10-01

    The present work is dedicated to one of the most promising methods of control of the ELMs (Edge Localized Modes), based on a system of coils producing Resonant Magnetic Perturbations (RMPs). Our main objectives are, on the one hand, to improve the physical understanding of the mechanisms at play, and on the other hand to propose a concrete design of ELMs control coils for ITER. In order to calculate and analyze the magnetic perturbations produced by a given set of coils, we have developed the ERGOS code. The first ERGOS calculation was for the DIII-D ELMs control coils, the I-coils. It showed that they produce magnetic islands chains which overlap at the edge of the plasma, resulting in the ergodization of the magnetic field. We have then used ERGOS for the modelling of the experiments on ELMs control using the error field correction coils at JET and MAST. In the case of JET, we have shown the existence of a correlation between the mitigation of the ELMs and the ergodization of the magnetic field at the edge, in agreement with the DIII-D result. In order to design the ELMs control coils for ITER we have used ERGOS intensively, taking the case of the DIII-D I-coils as a reference. Three candidate designs came out, which we presented at the ITER Design Review, in 2007. Recently, the ITER management decided to provide a budget for building ELMs control coils, the design of which remains to be chosen between two of the three options that we proposed. Finally, in order to understand better the non-linear magnetohydrodynamics phenomena taking place in ELMs control by RMPs, we performed numerical simulations, in particular with the JOREK code for a DIII-D case. The simulations reveal the existence of convection cells induced at the edge by the magnetic perturbations, and the possible screening of the RMPs in presence of rotation

  14. An electrochemical sensor for gallic acid based on Fe2O3/electro-reduced graphene oxide composite: Estimation for the antioxidant capacity index of wines

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gao, Feng; Zheng, Delun; Tanaka, Hidekazu; Zhan, Fengping; Yuan, Xiaoning; Gao, Fei; Wang, Qingxiang

    2015-01-01

    A highly sensitive electrochemical sensor for gallic acid (GA), an important polyphenolic compound, was fabricated using the hybrid material of chitosan (CS), fishbone-shaped Fe 2 O 3 (fFe 2 O 3 ), and electrochemically reduced graphene oxide (ERGO) as the sensing matrix. The electrochemical characterization experiments showed that the CS–fFe 2 O 3 –ERGO modified glassy carbon electrode (CS–fFe 2 O 3 –ERGO/GCE) had large surface area, excellent electronic conductivity and high stability. The GA presented a superior electrochemical response on CS–fFe 2 O 3 –ERGO/GCE in comparison with the single-component modified electrode. The electrochemical mechanism and optimal test conditions of GA on the electrode surface were carefully investigated. Under the optimal conditions, the oxidation peak currents in differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) experiments exhibited a good linear relationship with the logarithmic values of GA concentration over the range from 1.0 × 10 −6 M to 1.0 × 10 −4 M. Based on signal-to-noise (S/N) characteristic of 3, the detection limit was estimated to be 1.5 × 10 −7 M. The proposed sensor has also been applied for estimating the antioxidant capacity index of real samples of red and white wines. - Highlights: • Fishbone-shaped Fe 2 O 3 (fFe 2 O 3 ) nanoparticles were synthesized by a simple template-free solvothermal method. • The nanocomposite of fFe 2 O 3 , graphene and chitosan was used as the sensing platform for gallic acid. • The sensor shows a wide linear range and low detection limit for gallic acid. • The antioxidant capacity index of wines was successfully evaluated by the sensor

  15. Edge localized modes control by resonant magnetic perturbations; Controle des instabilites de bord par perturbations magnetiques resonantes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nardon, E

    2007-10-15

    The present work is dedicated to one of the most promising methods of control of the ELMs (Edge Localized Modes), based on a system of coils producing Resonant Magnetic Perturbations (RMPs). Our main objectives are, on the one hand, to improve the physical understanding of the mechanisms at play, and on the other hand to propose a concrete design of ELMs control coils for ITER. In order to calculate and analyze the magnetic perturbations produced by a given set of coils, we have developed the ERGOS code. The first ERGOS calculation was for the DIII-D ELMs control coils, the I-coils. It showed that they produce magnetic islands chains which overlap at the edge of the plasma, resulting in the ergodization of the magnetic field. We have then used ERGOS for the modelling of the experiments on ELMs control using the error field correction coils at JET and MAST. In the case of JET, we have shown the existence of a correlation between the mitigation of the ELMs and the ergodization of the magnetic field at the edge, in agreement with the DIII-D result. In order to design the ELMs control coils for ITER we have used ERGOS intensively, taking the case of the DIII-D I-coils as a reference. Three candidate designs came out, which we presented at the ITER Design Review, in 2007. Recently, the ITER management decided to provide a budget for building ELMs control coils, the design of which remains to be chosen between two of the three options that we proposed. Finally, in order to understand better the non-linear magnetohydrodynamics phenomena taking place in ELMs control by RMPs, we performed numerical simulations, in particular with the JOREK code for a DIII-D case. The simulations reveal the existence of convection cells induced at the edge by the magnetic perturbations, and the possible screening of the RMPs in presence of rotation.

  16. Small-Scale Milk Processing, Utilization and Marketing of Traditional Dairy Products in Bahir Dar Zuria and Mecha Districts, Northwestern Ethiopia

    OpenAIRE

    Eyassu Seifu; Asaminew Tassew

    2014-01-01

    This study was conducted to assess processing, utilization and marketing of traditional dairy products produced in Bahir Dar Zuria and Mecha districts in Northwestern Ethiopia. A single-visit-multiple-subject formal survey was conducted to collect data. A total of 150 households (75 households from each district) were individually interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire. The major dairy products produced in the study area include butter, ghee, Ayib, Arera (defatted sour milk), Ergo ...

  17. EMOTIONAL KNOWLEDGE DYNAMICS

    OpenAIRE

    Constantin BRÃTIANU

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to present the place and role of emotional knowledge in the structure of the organizational intellectual capital. Western culture put the emphasis on the rational, cognitive knowledge and ignored almost completely emotional knowledge from science and decision making. According to Descartes, Cogito ergo sum! That means the preeminence of mind over the body, and the acceptance of the dualism of mind and body. By contrast, the Eastern culture put the emphasis on the ...

  18. Achieving direct electrochemistry of glucose oxidase by one step electrochemical reduction of graphene oxide and its use in glucose sensing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shamsipur, Mojtaba; Amouzadeh Tabrizi, Mahmoud

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, the direct electrochemistry of glucose oxidase (GOD) was accomplished at a glassy carbon electrode modified with electrochemically reduced graphene oxide/sodium dodecyl sulfate (GCE/ERGO/SDS). A pair of reversible peaks is exhibited on GCE/ERGO/SDS/GOD by cyclic voltammetry. The peak-to-peak potential separation of immobilized GOD is 28 mV in 0.1 M phosphate buffer solution (pH 7.0) with a scan rate of 50 mV/s. The average surface coverage is 2.62 × 10 −10 mol cm −2 . The resulting biosensor exhibited a good response to glucose with linear range from 1 to 8 mM (R 2 = 0.9878), good reproducibility and detection limit of 40.8 μM. The results from the biosensor were similar (± 5%) to those obtained from the clinical analyzer. - Highlights: • A direct electron transfer reaction of glucose oxidase was observed on GCE/ERGO/SDS. • This composite film was successfully applied in preparation of glucose biosensor. • The detection limit of the biosensor was estimated to be 40.8 μM. • The results from the sensor were similar to those obtained from the clinical analyzer

  19. Achieving direct electrochemistry of glucose oxidase by one step electrochemical reduction of graphene oxide and its use in glucose sensing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shamsipur, Mojtaba; Amouzadeh Tabrizi, Mahmoud, E-mail: mahmoud.tabrizi@gmail.com

    2014-12-01

    In this paper, the direct electrochemistry of glucose oxidase (GOD) was accomplished at a glassy carbon electrode modified with electrochemically reduced graphene oxide/sodium dodecyl sulfate (GCE/ERGO/SDS). A pair of reversible peaks is exhibited on GCE/ERGO/SDS/GOD by cyclic voltammetry. The peak-to-peak potential separation of immobilized GOD is 28 mV in 0.1 M phosphate buffer solution (pH 7.0) with a scan rate of 50 mV/s. The average surface coverage is 2.62 × 10{sup −10} mol cm{sup −2}. The resulting biosensor exhibited a good response to glucose with linear range from 1 to 8 mM (R{sup 2} = 0.9878), good reproducibility and detection limit of 40.8 μM. The results from the biosensor were similar (± 5%) to those obtained from the clinical analyzer. - Highlights: • A direct electron transfer reaction of glucose oxidase was observed on GCE/ERGO/SDS. • This composite film was successfully applied in preparation of glucose biosensor. • The detection limit of the biosensor was estimated to be 40.8 μM. • The results from the sensor were similar to those obtained from the clinical analyzer.

  20. Integrating private transport into renewable energy policy. The strategy of creating intelligent recharging grids for electric vehicles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Andersen, Poul H.; Rask, Morten; Mathews, John A.

    2009-01-01

    A new business model for accelerating the introduction of electric vehicles into private transport systems involves the provision by an Electric Recharge Grid Operator (ERGO) of an intelligent rechargeable network in advance of the vehicles themselves. The ERGO business model creates a market for co-ordinated production and consumption of renewable energy. The innovative contribution of the model rests in its ability to combine two problems and thereby solve them in a fresh way. One problem derives from utilizing power grids with a substantial increase in renewable electric energy production (as witnessed in the Danish case with wind energy) and managing the resulting fluctuating supply efficiently. The other problem concerns finding ways to reduce CO 2 emissions in the transport sector. The ERGO business model effectively solves both problems, by transforming EVs into distributed storage devices for electricity, thus enabling a fresh approach to evening out of fluctuating and unpredictable energy sources, while drastically reducing greenhouse gas emissions. This integrated solution carries many other associated benefits, amongst which are the possibility of introducing vehicle-to-grid (V2G) distributed power generation; introducing IT intelligence to the grid, and creating virtual power plants from distributed sources; and providing new applications for carbon credits in the decarbonisation of the economy. The countries and regions that have signed on to this model and are working to introduce it in 2009-2011 include Israel, Denmark, Australia, and in the US, the Bay Area cities and the state of Hawaii. (author)

  1. Short outlines of books by Estonian authors / Rutt Hinrikus, Janika Kronberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hinrikus, Rutt, 1946-

    2001-01-01

    Arvo Valton. Leidik; Mats Traat. Valge lind; Mats Traat. Harala elulood; Kärt Hellerma. Kassandra; Uku Masing. Luule 1.; Ilmar Vene. Trotsija : katse mõista Uku Masingut; Eesti identiteet ja iseseisvus / koost. A. Bertricau; Ene Mihkelson. Kaalud ei kõnele : valitud luuletusi 1967-1977; Mehis Heinsaar. Vanameeste näppaja; Eesti kirjanduslugu / Epp Annus, Luule Epner, Ants Järv jt.; Aarne Ruben. Volta annab kaeblikku vilet; Mart Kivastik. Näidendid; Kaardipakk / Jürgen Rooste, Karl Martin Sinijärv, Triin Soomets, Elo Viiding, Asko Künnap; Hasso Krull. Kornukoopia : sada luuletust; Tiia Toomet. Vana aja koolilood; Aidi Vallik. Kuidas elad, Ann?; Enn Vetemaa. Neitsist sündinud

  2. In memoriam 2002

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Maailm: Kenneth Armitage (18. VII 1916-22. I), Eduardo Chillida (10. I 1924-19. VIII), Ruth Handler (4. IV 1916-27. IV), Yousuf Karsh (23. XII 1908-14. VII), Roberto Matta (11. XI 1911-23. XI). Eesti: Endel Kaldmäe (12. VII 1918-15. XII), Tiia Kelomees-Johannson (8. IX 1965-11. VI), Salme Kirsimäe (6. XI 1919-1. IV), Maret Kuke (9. X 1926-2. VII), Diana Laev (21. XI 1919-31. VIII), Pauline Leps (16. XI 1903-5. III), Avo-Himm Looveer (16. VIII 1941- 1. V), Jüri Palm (14. IV 1937-27. IV), Agu Pilt (26. VIII 1951-11. III), Valve Pormeister (13. IV 1922-27. X), Eugen Sacharias (21. IV 1906-13. III), Lilian Schönberg (25. IV 1934-10. X), Laine Sisa (12. II 1931-20. II)

  3. 5. IX avati Pärnus paralleelselt Eesti Litograafiakeskuse korraldatud litograafiasümpoosioniga...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Litograafiakeskuses litograafia ajalugu tutvustav näitus. Pärnu kontserdimajas noorte - Jaak Visnap, Inga Heamägi, Kadri Alesmaa, Marko Mäetamm, Viljar Kõiv, Lembe Ruben - litograafianäitus "New generation". Endla teatri näitusesaalides näitus "Old Stars" - esinevad Evi Tihemets, Marje Üksine, Raul Meel, Leonhard Lapin, Tiia Külv, Urmas Vaino, Herald Eelma. Teatri Küüni ja kohviku seintel noorte soome ja rootsi litograafide tööd. Pärnu mudaravilas ülevaade litokeskuse kursustel valminud töödest. Endises Linnagaleriis Rüütli t. näitus 6.-12. IX sümpoosioni raames toimunud workshop'ide töödest

  4. Tanshinone IIA protects against pulmonary arterial hypertension in broilers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Guoliang; Song, Yalu; Ke, Shanlin; Cao, Huabin; Zhang, Caiying; Deng, Guangfu; Yang, Fei; Zhou, Sihui; Liu, Pei; Guo, Xiaoquan; Liu, Ping

    2017-05-01

    This investigation was conducted to study the effects of tanshinone IIA (TIIA) on pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in broilers. Two-hundred newly hatched Arbor Acre commercial broilers were randomly divided into 3 groups. All groups, with the exception of the control group (tap water), were given NaCl water (0.3%) starting on the d 15, and broilers in the protected group were fed a diet supplemented with TIIA (2.5 g/kg) starting on the d 15. On d 28, 35, 42, and 49, the ratio of the right ventricular weight to the total ventricular weight (RV: TV) and the values of other biochemical indicators for each group chickens were determined. The concentrations of interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), nuclear factor kappa (NF-κB), and P38 (a mitogen-activated protein kinase) were measured using enzyme-linked immune sorbent assays (ELISA). The results showed that the proportion of chickens in the diseased group with an RV:TV ratio in the range of 0.250 to 0.299 (10%) was significantly higher (25 to 30%) compared to that of the other groups (P chickens was 28%. In addition, the IL-6, IL-1β, NF-κB, and P38 protein concentrations were higher in the diseased group, whereas there were no differences between the control group and the protected group. Moreover, the measurements of body weight, liver function, kidney function and electrolytes showed significant differences between the diseased group and the other groups. These findings suggest that tanshinone IIA may protect broilers from PAH, which is an important piece of information for the poultry industry. © 2016 Poultry Science Association Inc.

  5. The pharmacokinetic study of rutin in rat plasma based on an electrochemically reduced graphene oxide modified sensor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pei Zhang

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available An electrochemical method based on a directly electrochemically reduced graphene oxide (ERGO film coated on a glassy carbon electrode (GCE was developed for the rapid and convenient determination of rutin in plasma. ERGO was modified on the surface of GCE by one-step electro-deposition method. Electrochemical behavior of rutin on ERGO/GCE indicated that rutin underwent a surface-controlled quasi-reversible process and the electrochemical parameters such as charge transfer coefficient (α, electron transfer number (n and electrode reaction standard rate constant (ks were 0.53, 2 and 3.4 s−1, respectively. The electrochemical sensor for rutin in plasma provided a wide linear response range of 4.70×10−7−1.25×10−5 M with the detection limit (s/n=3 of 1.84×10−8 M. The assay was successfully used to the pharmacokinetic study of rutin. The pharmacokinetic parameters such as elimination rate half-life (t1/2, area under curve (AUC, and plasma clearance (CL were calculated to be 3.345±0.647 min, 5750±656.0 µg min/mL, and 5.891±0.458 mL/min/kg, respectively. The proposed method utilized a small sample volume of 10 μL and had no complicated sample pretreatment (without deproteinization, which was simple, eco-friendly, and time- and cost-efficient for rutin pharmacokinetic studies.

  6. Electrochemically reduced graphene oxide-based electrochemical sensor for the sensitive determination of ferulic acid in A. sinensis and biological samples

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, Linjie [School of Pharmacy, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Gou, Yuqiang [Lanzhou Military Command Center for Disease Prevention and Control, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Gao, Xia; Zhang, Pei; Chen, Wenxia; Feng, Shilan [School of Pharmacy, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Hu, Fangdi, E-mail: hufd@lzu.edu.cn [School of Pharmacy, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Li, Yingdong, E-mail: lydj412@163.com [Gansu College of Tradition Chinese Medicine, Lanzhou 730000 (China)

    2014-09-01

    An electrochemically reduced graphene oxide (ERGO) modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE) was used as a new voltammetric sensor for the determination of ferulic acid (FA). The morphology and microstructure of the modified electrodes were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Raman spectroscopy analysis, and the electrochemical effective surface areas of the modified electrodes were also calculated by chronocoulometry method. Sensing properties of the electrochemical sensor were investigated by means of cyclic voltammetry (CV) and differential pulse voltammetry (DPV). It was found that ERGO was electrodeposited on the surface of GCE by using potentiostatic method. The proposed electrode exhibited electrocatalytic activity to the redox of FA because of excellent electrochemical properties of ERGO. The transfer electron number (n), electrode reaction rate constant (k{sub s}) and electron-transfer coefficient (α) were calculated as 1.12, 1.24 s{sup −1}, and 0.40, respectively. Under the optimized conditions, the oxidation peak current was proportional to FA concentration at 8.49 × 10{sup −8} mol L{sup −1} to 3.89 × 10{sup −5} mol L{sup −1} with detection limit of 2.06 × 10{sup −8} mol L{sup −1}. This fabricated sensor also displayed acceptable reproducibility, long-term stability, and high selectivity with negligible interferences from common interfering species. The voltammetric sensor was successfully applied to detect FA in A. sinensis and biological samples with recovery values in the range of 99.91%-101.91%. - Highlights: • A novel ERGO–based electrochemical sensor of FA was successfully fabricated by using one-step electrodeposition method. • The electrode reaction was an adsorption–diffusion mixed controlled process. • The low detection limit with good selectivity and sensitivity were obtained. • This method was applied for the determination of FA in A. sinensis and biological samples.

  7. Medios de recuperación y trabajo interdisciplinario en los técnicos asistentes a los Juegos Suramericanos Medellín 2010 (Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hilario Moreno Bolívar

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Identificar los medios de recuperación y ayudas ergo-nutricionales que em- plean los entrenadores participantes en los Juegos Suramericanos Medellín 2010 con sus deportistas y reconocer si cuentan con el apoyo interdisciplin ario de otros profesionales. Materiales y métodos: Estudio cuantitativo con alcance descriptivo y corte transversal. La muestra intencional estuvo conformada por 93 técnicos provenientes de 13 países en 28 modalidades deportivas; el estudio se realizó en Medellín (Colombia durante marzo de 2010. Resultados: Los ejercicios de estiramientos y el masaje son los medios de recuperación más utilizados por los entrenadores, y el 50 % de estos utiliza ayudas ergo-nutricionales, siendo las vitaminas las de mayor preferencia. El 79,3 % de entrenadores cuenta con la ayuda de un equipo de trabajo interdisciplinario, siendo el médico y el psicólogo los de mayor presencia. Conclusiones: Todos los entrenadores suramericanos encuestados emplean habitual- mente diversos medios terapéuticos para la recuperación física de sus dirigidos. De igual manera, uno de cada dos emplea ayudas ergo-nutricionales como complemento de la dieta. Estos elementos son utilizados buscando mejorar el rendimiento atlético y disminución de lesiones musculares. La mayoría de entrenadores cuenta con equipo de trabajo interdis- ciplinario que favorece su desempeño.

  8. Description of hydrogeological data in SKB's database GEOTAB

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gentzschein, B.

    1986-12-01

    Since 1977 Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co., SKB has been performing a research and development programme for final disposal and spent nuclear fuel. The purpose of the programme is to acquire knowledge and data of radioactive waste. Measurement for the characterisation of geological, geophysical, hydrogeological and hydrochemical conditions are performed in specific site investigations as well as for geoscientific projects. A database, called GEOTAB, was investigated. It is based on a concept from Mimer Information System, and have been further developed by Ergo-Data. The hardware is a VAX 750 computer located at KRAB (Kraftverksbolagens Redovisningsavdelning AB) in Stockholm. (orig./DG)

  9. The accurate calculation about p(p-bar)→p(p-bar)' differential cross-section of the renormalized π0 chain propagator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jiang Zaifu; Jingchu Univ. of Technology, Jingmen; Fang Zhenyun; Chen Wensuo; Xu Jin; Yi Junmei

    2008-01-01

    In the Lorentz coupling model of strong interaction between neutral meson π 0 and N-N-bar, we have strictly analytic calculated the scattering differential cross-section of p-(p-bar) about the π 0 renormalized chained propagator and obtained accurate theoretical outcome. Moreover, after comparing with the differential cross- section of π 0 tree propagator, we have obtained related radiation correction outcome. All these, we have done, can be reference for further researching p-(p-bar) elastic collision at high, middle or low ergo region and description Lorentz invariant coupling model theory with strong interaction. (authors)

  10. Performance Analyses in an Assistive Technology Service Delivery Process

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Anne Karin

    Performance Analyses in an Assistive Technology Service Delivery Process.Keywords: process model, occupational performance, assistive technologiesThe Poster is about teaching students, using models and theory in education and practice. It is related to Occupational therapy process and professional...... af top-til-bund, klientcentreret og aktivitetsbaseret interventioner, ERGO/MunksgaardFisher, A. &, Griswold, L. A., 2014. Performance Skills. I: B.Schell red.2014 Occupational Therapy. Willard &Spackman’s occupational therapy. -12th ed., p.249-264Cook A.M., Polgar J.M. (2015) Assistive Technologies...

  11. Üks kaame naine väikses kambris ... : [luuletused] / Gyula Illyés ; tlk. Sander Liivak, Ene Asu-Õunas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Illyés, Gyula

    2004-01-01

    Sisu: Üks kaame naine väikses kambris ... ; Sa ei saa pageda ; Purukslöödud vägi ; Mäe otsas puhkan ... ; Kodumaa kõrgel ; Magav naine ; Doleo, ergo surm ; Bart̤k ; Üks lause vägivallast ; Jalutuskäik varjuga ; Tuuline öö ; Liginev külm ; Viltune puri ; Näod ; Aovalgus ; Korraloomine ; Värdjate sünd ; Charoni vene ; Tõusul ; Leegihingaja ; Lähenev vaikus ; Teekond videvikul ; Pärg. Andmeid autori kohta lk. 87-88

  12. Intervención de ergonomía participativa en una empresa del sector químico A participatory ergonomics program in a chemical company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana M. García

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Se describe una intervención de ergonomía participativa iniciada en abril de 2010 en una empresa del sector químico de la Comunidad Valenciana. Se presentó el programa de intervención en la empresa, se acordó el ámbito de la intervención (dos líneas, 24 trabajadores y trabajadoras y se constituyó un grupo de trabajo (Grupo Ergo, formado por personas responsables, técnicos y delegados de prevención de la empresa encargado de guiar la intervención. Se recogió mediante cuestionario información acerca de daños y riesgos ergonómicos en los trabajadores y trabajadoras de los puestos seleccionados. Esta información fue analizada por el Grupo Ergo y discutida posteriormente en círculos de prevención, con la participación de los trabajadores y trabajadoras afectados. En el momento de redactar esta nota, como resultado del proceso se ha acordado ya implementar 16 medidas de mejora en las condiciones de trabajo, algunas de las cuales se han mostrado eficaces según la opinión de algunos de los participantes. Un compromiso firme en prevención por parte de la empresa es condición necesaria para poder llevar a cabo este tipo de programas, de los cuales podrían beneficiarse un número sustancial de trabajadores y trabajadoras en España.We describe a participatory ergonomics program that started in April 2010 in a chemical company located in the autonomous region of Valencia, Spain. The program was introduced in the company, the intervention level was agreed (two working lines, 24 workers and a working group was established (Ergo Group, including managers, technicians and safety representatives in the company with the aim of leading the intervention. A questionnaire was applied to collect information on ergonomic injuries and exposures in workers at the selected working lines. This information was analyzed by the Ergo Group and was later discussed at prevention circles with the direct participation of affected workers. When the present

  13. Elementos cognitivos para el análisis ergonómico del trabajo

    OpenAIRE

    Castillo-Martínez, Juan A; Universidad del Rosario, Escuela de Medicina y Ciencias de la Salud. Grupo de Investigación Salud Cognición y Trabajo

    2007-01-01

    Esta nota de investigación presenta algunos de los elementos de base para el análisis de la actividad del trabajo desde la perspectiva de la ergonomía cognitiva. Para poder aproximarse a la relación existente entre los procesos cognitivos en el trabajo y la noción de ergonomía es necesario abordar inicialmente la definición de esta disciplina. El termino ergonomía, acuñado en 1940 por el psicólogo británico Hywel Murrell, (del Griego ergo: trabajo + nomos: ley, conocimiento)...

  14. Evaluating the costs and achievable benefits of extending technologies for uneconomical coal resources in South Africa: the case of underground coal gasification

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Zieleniewski, M

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available -3433. Shoko, E., McLellan, B., Dicks, A.L., Diniz da Costa, J.C., 2006. Hydrogen from coal: Production and utilisation technologies. International Journal of Coal Geology, 65(3-4): 213-222. Simeons, C., 1978. Coal: Its role in tomorrow’s technol- ogy... the consideration of other, alternative solutions to the energy shortage problem. Underground coal gasifi- cation (UCG) is among the most promising tech- nologies and, to an acceptable degree, the proven feasible one (Walker et al., 2001; Ergo Exergy, 2005...

  15. RELATION BETWEEN THE PHYSICAL WORKING CAPACITY (PWC170 AND STATIC RELATIVE STRENGTH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdulla Elezi

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Determining the relationship within the segments, and establish the correlation between the functional and motor areas may be important for programming load both in education and in sports and recreation. For this reason we set goals and work this year. The main objective of this research is to determine association and motor characteristics impact on functional ability (physical work capacity. The sample is defined as a sample of 263 respondents drawn from the population of secondary schools: Gymnasium Zenel Hajdini; Marin Barleti and Mehmet Isai in city of Gjilan. Nine tests were used to estimate motoric capabilities and a test of functional capacity of aerobic-type (physical work capacity. To determine the relation between the predictor (motor variables and criterion variables (physical working capacity - PWC170 it is prepared the regression analysis of the manifest space. Analyses were made to the program SPSS 12.0 for Windows. The connection of the entire system of variables static relative strength with a score of Physics working capacity (PWC170 on a bicycle ergo meter as aerobic type variable explains the coefficient of multiple correlations, which is RO 0.394. Regression analysis indicates that the better results on a bicycle ergo meter will have respondents who score better in tests of static relative strength of the leg (at the test isometric muscle contraction quadriceps thighs and static tests of the relative strength of arm and shoulder area (at the test of isometric contraction triceps muscle circumference.

  16. A simple route to Develop Highly porous Nano Polypyrrole/Reduced Graphene Oxide Composite film for Selective Determination of Dopamine

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Daniel Arulraj, Abraham; Arunkumar, Arumugam; Vijayan, Muthunanthevar; Balaji Viswanath, Kamatchirajan; Vasantha, Vairathevar Sivasamy

    2016-01-01

    A highly selective sensor was developed for dopamine with electrochemically treated sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate doped nano polypyrrole (ET-SDBS-NPPy)/reduced graphene oxide (RGO) film. First, graphene oxide (GO) was reduced on the electrode surface electrochemically and then, SDBS-NPPy film was polymerized electrochemically on the ERGO coated GCE and bare GCE also. The SDBS-NPPy/ERGO and SDBS-NPPy films were treated electrochemically in phosphate buffer solution to replace macro SDBS- anions by smaller phosphate anions. Then, the physical properties of the above composite films were characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and water wettability test. The replacement of SDBS- anions by phosphate anions leaves porous structure in the polymer films and also increases the hydrophobicity in the films. Then, these composite films were applied for the determination of dopamine in the presence of ascorbic acid and uric acid. Under the optimal conditions, the linear range for dopamine detection is 0.1 μM-100.0 μM with the detection limit of 20 nM at S/N = 3. Generally, conducting polypyrrole film could sense ascorbic acid and dopamine simultaneously. However, we have proposed a simple route to synthesis a porous and hydrophobic polypyrrole composite film for selective determination of dopamine in the presence of higher concentration (five orders) of ascorbic acid and uric acid.

  17. Electrochemically reduced graphene-oxide supported bimetallic nanoparticles highly efficient for oxygen reduction reaction with excellent methanol tolerance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yasmin, Sabina; Cho, Sung; Jeon, Seungwon

    2018-03-01

    We report a simple and facile method for the fabrication of bimetallic nanoparticles on electrochemically reduced graphene oxide (ErGO) for electrocatalytic oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in alkaline media. First, reduced graphene oxide supported palladium and manganese oxide nanoparticle (rGO/Pd-Mn2O3) catalyst was synthesized via a simple chemical method at room temperature; then, it was electrochemically reduced for oxidation reduction reaction (ORR) in alkaline media. The chemical composition and morphological properties of ErGO/Pd-Mn2O3 was characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). The TEM images reveals that, nano-sized Pd and Mn2O3 particles were disperse on the ErGO sheet without aggregation. The as-prepared ErGO/Pd-Mn2O3 was employed for ORR in alkaline media which shows higher ORR activity with more positive onset and half-wave potential, respectively. Remarkably, ErGO/Pd-Mn2O3 reduced oxygen via four-electron transfer pathway with negligible amount of intermediate peroxide species (HO2-). Furthermore, the higher stability and excellent methanol tolerance of the ErGO/Pd-Mn2O3 compared to commercial Pt/C (20 wt%) catalyst, indicating its suitability for fuel cells.

  18. Lastekirjandus vallutab uusi tippe : eesti lastekirjandus 2009 / Jaanus Vaiksoo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaiksoo, Jaanus, 1967-

    2010-01-01

    Ülevaade 2009. aasta eesti lastekirjandusest. Pikemalt käsitletakse järgmisi autoreid ja nende teoseid: Kadi Hinrikus "Kui emad olid väikesed", Kristiina Kass "Peeter ja mina", Mika Keränen "Varastatud oranž jalgratas", Andrus Kivirähk "Kaka ja kevad", Aino Pervik "Ühes väikses veidras linnas", Maarja Undusk "Päkapikk Ingo", Ilmar Tomusk "Vend Johannes", Indrek Koff "Enne kooli", Piret Raud "Härra Linnu lugu", Wimberg "Suur pidusöök", Artur Jurin "Puru kuningriigi lood II", Joonas Sildre "Maailma naba", kogumik "Uued eesti muinasjutud", Aino Pervik "Tirilinna lood", Aimeé Beekman "Päästekoer Walter", Eve Ernis "Karupoeg Nummi seiklused", Priit Aimla "Torisev vanatoi", Juhani Püttsepp "Väikese hundi lood" ja "Lauajupi Madonna", Epp Petrone "Siis, kui seened veel rääkisid", Heiki Vilep "Habemega nali", "Nõiutud linn", Leelo Tungal "Naljatilgad lähevad laulupeole", "Kama üks ja kama kaks", koos Peep Pedmansoniga Miriami lood"(esimene 3D-piltidega lasteraamat), Aidi Vallik "Pints ja Tutsik" 2. osa, Mare Müürsepp "Viis vaba kutsikat", Tiia Selli "Kass Kriibik", Aleksei Turovski "Kassipoeg Võilill", Kaider Vardja "Vana maja lugu", Merca "Mullivesi", Ülle Kütsen "Väike puu ja rändur kuu", Lehte Hainsalu "Mängiks midagi", Peep Veedla "Pöialpoiss"

  19. Linnulennult 2008. aasta lastekirjandusest / Mare Müürsepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Müürsepp, Mare, 1958-

    2009-01-01

    Lühidalt on iseloomustatud järgmisi 2008. a. ilmunud lasteraamatuid: Raud, Piret. Printsess Luluu ja härra Kere (Tänapäev) ; Vilep, Heiki. Horlok ja Ürgvärava võti (A-Disain) ; Reinaus, Reeli. Saladuslik päevik (Tänapäev) ; Kumberg, Krista. Autopõnn Anto läheb seiklema (Koolibri) ; Ausman, Piia. Kaptenid avastavad maailma (Haus Galerii) ; Selli, Tiia. Neletriin ja Kapi-Kaarup (Tänapäev) ; Samuel, Evelin. Ükskord, kui sadas vihma (Ajakirjade Kirjastus) ; Pervik, Aino. Presidendilood (Tänapäev) ; Vainola, Kätlin. Mia, Konrad ja avanevad uksed (Tänapäev) ; Smitt, Katri. Varesejalakiri (Ilo) ; Käo, Henno. Mina, emme ja teised (Tänapäev) ; Saarna, Meelike. Mattias ja mamma (Tänapäev) ; Hinrikus, Kadri. Miia ja Friida (Eesti Ekspressi Kirjastus) ; Soopan, Ivar. Kõik poisid ei saa suureks (Eesti Päevaleht) ; Kutsar, Kuulo. Mõmmikute telerihaigus (Ilo)

  20. Lastekirjandus 2008 kurja kriitiku pilgu läbi / Ilona Martson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martson, Ilona, 1970-

    2009-01-01

    Ülevaade 2008. aasta eesti lastekirjandusest. Pikemalt käsitletakse järgmisi autoreid ja nende teoseid: Piret Raud "Printsess Luluu", Aino Pervik "Presidendilood", Kristiina Kass "Petra lood", Kätlin Vainola "Mia, Konrad ja avanevad uksed", Kerttu Soans "Külaline vannis", Wimberg "Härra Padakonn", Leelo Tungal "Seltsimees laps", Kadri Hinrikus "Miia ja Friida", Ivar Soopan "Kõik poisid ei saa suureks", Siiri Laidla "Raamatukogunõid Rosaalie", Siiri Laidla "Armas hunt", Reeli Reinaus "Saladuslik päevik", Tiia Selli "Neletriin ja Kapi-Kaarup", Markus Saksatamm "Võlur Sinku-Vinku ja nõiatrall", Evelin Samuel "Ükskord, kui sadas vihma", Mikä Keränen "Varastatud oranž jalgratas", Ivo Parbus "Draakon Rudolf", Urmas Nemvalts "Väikeste meeste lennumasinajutud", Lehte Hainsalu "Väike valge", Jaan Tangsoo "Mina ja minu pere", Aidi Vallik "Pints ja Tutsik", Heiki Vilep "Horlok ja Ürgvärava võti", Evelin Samuel "Hiigelsoojad pilvelambad", Sulev Oll "Hea tuju kuju", Paul-Eerik Rummo "Kui lähed teele koidu eel", Heljo Mänd "Suve suurmüük", Heljo Mänd "Sügise süda", Heljo Mänd "Kevade reklaam", Heljo Mänd "Talve Top", Ülo Pikkov. Presidendi torukübar

  1. Kultuurkapital jagas tunnustust

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Eesti Kultuurkapitali 2007. a. arhitektuuri valdkonna peapreemia pälvis Vello Asi, kujutava ja rakenduskunsti valdkonna peapreemia Jaan Toomik. Sihkapitalide preemiad: kujutav ja rakenduskunst - Evi Viires, Vano Allsalu ja Sally Stuudio (veebikeskkond kunstikeskus.ee), kunstnike rühmitus Non Grata, kunstiühing Pallas. Arhitektuur - Raili Paling, Liis Lindvere, Lembit-Kaur Stöör, Tõnis Kimmel (Tallinna sünagoog), Silja Konsa, Urve Sinijärv, Olev Abner, Kersti Lootus, Ants Hein (teatmeteos "Eesti pargid"), Kalle Vellevoog (pansionaat Seedri t. 4 Pärnus), Aivar Roosaar (Athena konverentsi- ja kultuurikeskuse renoveerimine), Kalle Komissarov. Rahvakultuur - Kadi Pajupuu, Reet Piiri, Tiia Toomet (Tartu Mänguasjamuuseumi rajamine). Preemiaid said ka filmi "Sügisball" loominguline kollektiiv koosseisus Veiko Õunpuu, Mart Taniel, Ülo Krigul, Katrin Kissa (audiovisuaalne kunst), Jaan Rääts (helikunst), Mare Tommingas (näitekunst), X noorte laulu- ja tantsupeo kunstilised juhid Aarne Saluveer ja Maido Saar (rahvakultuur). Lisaks sellele andsid sihtkapitalid välja oma aastapreemiad. Nimekiri

  2. LBNP/ergometer effects on female cardiovascular and muscle deconditioning in 15d head-down bed rest

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Lin-Jie

    2012-07-01

    Female has already been an important part of astronaut corps but gender characteristics in weightlessness and countermeasure effects still not clearly elucidated. In this study the LBNP/Ergometer effects on female cardiovascular deconditioning and muscle atrophy in 15d head-down bed rest were explored. 22 female university students were recruited as volunteers that participated in the 15d head-down bed rest. They were divided into control group (Con,n=8), LBNP exercise group (LBNP,n=7) and LBNP combined with ergometer exercise group (LBNP+Ergo, n=7). Grade negative pressures of -10,-20,-30,-40mmHg 20 or 55min were used in LBNP exercise. In ergometer exercises the subjects must maintain 60-80% VO2peak of pre-bed rest at pedal speed of about 70cycle/min for 15min and the entire exercise duration was 30min. LBNP were performed at 6th,8th,10th,12th,and 13th day and Ergometer were operated at 4th,5th,7th,9th,11th day during bed rest. Before and after bed rest, cardiovascular tilt test were performed to evaluate orthostatic intolerance, supine cycle ergometer were used to test the cardiopulmonary function, MRI tests were operated to examine the volume variations of leg muscle groups and isokinetic test were given to test the muscle strength and endurance of knee. 40% of female subjects did not pass the tilt table test after bed rest and exercises made no difference. Compared with pre-BR, VO2max and VO2max /body weight, VO2/HRmax, maximal power and duration significantly decreased in CON group and LBNP group. For the ERGO+LBNP group, there were no visible different in the parameters of cardiopulmonary function except that maximal power and duration decreased. Muscle maximal voluntary contraction and muscle (quadriceps, rectus femoris, gastrocnemius and soleus) volume decreasing in non-predominant leg was larger in Con group than in LBNP+Ergo group. It is suggested that LBNP combined with ergometer in some degrees can counteract the cardiovascular and muscle deconditioning

  3. Fabrification of electroreduced graphene oxide–bentonite sodium composite modified electrode and its sensing application for linezolid

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Prashanth, S.N.; Teradal, Nagappa L.; Seetharamappa, J.; Satpati, Ashis K.; Reddy, A.V.R.

    2014-01-01

    Graphene and its composites have attracted considerable attention in synthesis and electrochemical applications. In the present work, we have synthesized and characterized graphene oxide-bentonite composite (GO-BEN) and utilized it to fabricate an electrochemical sensor. For this, the solution of GO-BEN cast on glassy carbon electrode (GCE) was reduced electrochemically in phosphate buffer solution of pH 6 to obtain electrochemically reduced graphene oxide-bentonite composite (ERGO-BEN-GCE). This ERGO-BEN film was used for electrochemical investigation of an oxazolidinone class of antibiotic, linezolid (LIN) for the first time. The electrochemical sensor showed excellent enhancement and adsorptive ability towards the electrooxidation of LIN. LIN exhibited two each of oxidation and reduction peaks on ERGO-BEN film in phosphate buffer of pH 7.0. Effects of accumulation time, pH of solution and scan rate were studied and various electrochemical parameters were evaluated. The plot of pH versus E p gave a slope of 26.2 mV/pH in the pH range of 4.2-8.0 indicating the participation of two electrons and one proton in the electrode process. An adsorptive stripping differential pulse voltammetric method (AdSDPV) was developed for the determination of LIN in bulk, pharmaceutical formulations and urine samples. Adsorptive stripping linear sweep voltammetric (AdSLSV) and differential pulse voltammetric (DPV) methods were also developed and the results were compared. LIN showed linear relationship between the current density and concentration in the range of 0.25 - 31.25 μM with a LOD of 0.0337 μM in AdSDPV method; 0.5 - 31.25 μM with a LOD of 0.100 μM in DPV method and 1.25 - 37.5 μM with a LOD of 0.5461 μM in AdSLSV method respectively. The proposed AdSDPV method was observed to be simple, fast and inexpensive and hence, could be readily adopted for quality control in pharmaceutical products

  4. Managing and engineering in complex situations

    CERN Document Server

    Sousa-Poza, Andres

    2013-01-01

    With so many terms available to define the same thing, it would seem nearly irresponsible to introduce yet another term (complex situation) to describe a phenomenological state of such as a system. However, a complex situation infers both a broader meaning and imposes a different perspective. Complex in this context is dependent on understanding and reality rather than observer and knowledge.   Situation imposes a gestalt that cannot be characterized within a singular perspective that relegates paradox to a superior/subordinate hierarchy. This also infers that complex situation has no monotonic definition or each definition is by default incomplete. Therefore the perennial derivations for systems such as complex systems, system of systems, federation of systems is no longer a sufficient descriptor for complex situation.  Ergo system and its genealogy lack the constitution to define complex situations. The books' intent is to explore this pathology through a series of papers written by authors that work in ...

  5. Stationary metrics and optical Zermelo-Randers-Finsler geometry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gibbons, G. W.; Warnick, C. M.; Herdeiro, C. A. R.; Werner, M. C.

    2009-01-01

    We consider a triality between the Zermelo navigation problem, the geodesic flow on a Finslerian geometry of Randers type, and spacetimes in one dimension higher admitting a timelike conformal Killing vector field. From the latter viewpoint, the data of the Zermelo problem are encoded in a (conformally) Painleve-Gullstrand form of the spacetime metric, whereas the data of the Randers problem are encoded in a stationary generalization of the usual optical metric. We discuss how the spacetime viewpoint gives a simple and physical perspective on various issues, including how Finsler geometries with constant flag curvature always map to conformally flat spacetimes and that the Finsler condition maps to either a causality condition or it breaks down at an ergo surface in the spacetime picture. The gauge equivalence in this network of relations is considered as well as the connection to analogue models and the viewpoint of magnetic flows. We provide a variety of examples.

  6. Social preferences influence the short-term exchange of social grooming among male bonobos.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Surbeck, Martin; Hohmann, Gottfried

    2015-03-01

    The emotional mediation hypothesis proposes a mediating role of social bonds in the exchange of services. This model predicts that the form of short-term exchange of services depends on the relationship between the individuals involved. Here, we test this prediction in the exchange of grooming among males in a wild bonobo community for which close relatedness could be excluded. As bonobo males hardly engage in food sharing or agonistic support, grooming is mainly exchanged for grooming. While overall grooming, both given and received, correlates across dyads and within sessions, the form of grooming exchange within a given session differs according to dyadic association preferences. Individuals with a higher tendency to associate, ergo more familiar individuals, exhibit larger time differences and reduced reciprocation in consecutive grooming bouts than less familiar individuals. These results support the idea that emotional components are involved in the exchange of services between unrelated individuals.

  7. Iman Kristen dan Akal Budi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hermanto Suanglangi

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Apakah iman bertentangan dengan rasio atau akal budi, ataukah rasio adalahsesuatu yang tidak bersangkut paut dengan iman? Pertanyaan ini pertanyaan klasik di dalam kekristenan, oleh karena pertanyaan ini telah mempengaruhi agama Kristen selama berabad-abad lamanya. Dari pertanyaan di atas muncul dua macam ekstrim yang berbeda, di nurna ada yang memandang bahwa orang Kristen harus menekankan iman sebagai satu-satunya pokokyang harus menjadi landasan dalam kehidupan orang Kristen sehingga tidak menekankan rasio. Di lain pihak, ada yang menjadikan rasio sebagai satu-satunya standar segala sesuatu, kalau tidak masuk akal maka itu bukan kebenaran, seperti yang diungkapakan Immanuel Kant "gunakanlah rasiomu setinggi mungkin", bahkan Rene Descartes berkata, "Cogito ergo sum,I think therefore I am. I am am thinking being", sehingga segala sesuatu menjadi objek pikiran termasuk Allah, inilah pikiran era Rasionalisme.

  8. Influence of Addition of Briquettes with Dust Content into the Charge of Electric Induction Furnace on Cast Iron Quality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pribulová A.

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Foundry dust from blasting and grinding of castings contain a high amount of iron, ergo it is possible its recycling in foundry process. Dust was compacted by briquetting, two kinds of briquettes were prepared (A contained 95% magnetic part of dust from casting blasting +5% bentonite and B contained 95% mixture of dust from casting grinding and magnetic part of dust from casting blasting + 5% bentonite and used as a part of charge into the electric induction furnace. It was found that addition of briquettes has had an influence of a chemical composition of cast iron above all on content of sulphur, phosphorus and silicon. It was not reflected in decrease in tensile strength and in microstructure. Yield of metal from briquettes was not lower then 70%.

  9. Simulation-based computation of dose to humans in radiological environments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Breazeal, N.L. [Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (United States); Davis, K.R.; Watson, R.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Vickers, D.S. [Brigham Young Univ., Provo, UT (United States). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering; Ford, M.S. [Battelle Pantex, Amarillo, TX (United States). Dept. of Radiation Safety

    1996-03-01

    The Radiological Environment Modeling System (REMS) quantifies dose to humans working in radiological environments using the IGRIP (Interactive Graphical Robot Instruction Program) and Deneb/ERGO simulation software. These commercially available products are augmented with custom C code to provide radiation exposure information to, and collect radiation dose information from, workcell simulations. Through the use of any radiation transport code or measured data, a radiation exposure input database may be formulated. User-specified IGRIP simulations utilize these databases to compute and accumulate dose to programmable human models operating around radiation sources. Timing, distances, shielding, and human activity may be modeled accurately in the simulations. The accumulated dose is recorded in output files, and the user is able to process and view this output. The entire REMS capability can be operated from a single graphical user interface.

  10. Direct electrochemistry and electrocatalysis of glucose oxidase on three-dimensional interpenetrating, porous graphene modified electrode

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cui, Min; Xu, Bing; Hu, Chuangang; Shao, Hui Bo; Qu, Liangti

    2013-01-01

    Direct electrochemistry of glucose oxidase (GOD) on three-dimensional (3D) interpenetrating porous graphene electrodes has been reported, which have been fabricated by one-step electrochemical reduction of graphene oxide (GO) from its aqueous suspension. The electrochemically reduced GO (ERGO) modified electrodes exhibited excellent electron transfer properties for GOD and enhanced the enzyme activity and stability by the assistance of chitosan. The immobilized GOD shows a fast electron transfer with the rate constant (k s ) of 6.05 s −1 . It is worth mentioning that in the air-saturated phosphate buffer solution without any mediator, the resultant modified electrodes exhibited low detection limit of 1.7 μM with wide linear range of 0.02–3.2 mM and high sensitivity and high selectivity for measuring glucose. It would also be extended to various enzymes and bioactive molecules to develop the biosensor or other bio-electrochemical devices

  11. Effect modifiers in intervention research at hospitals in three Nordic countries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Winkel, Jørgen; Edwards, Kasper; Jarebrant, Caroline

    2016-01-01

    paper aims to present assessment of potential effect modifiers in intervention studies at hospital wards in Denmark, Iceland and Sweden. Material and methods: The effect modifiers were assessed by a newly developed method (the EMA method; Edwards & Winkel 2016). It is a type of group interview including...... 3-6 participants representing all occupational groups in the investigated organization. The group is asked to write down significant changes at the workplace during the investigated period. The method also includes a semi-qualitative assessment of the potential Work Environment (WE) impact of each...... Mapping) (6 wards) or the ErgoVSM method (Jarebrant et al, 2010) where additional focus is on ergonomic issues (7 wards). Results: In total 120 interventions were implemented. However, 322 significant modifiers were assessed to have occurred during the intervention period. Of these, 120 were assessed...

  12. Influence of Addition of Briquettes with Dust Content into the Charge of Electric Induction Furnace on Cast Iron Quality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Pribulová

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Foundry dust from blasting and grinding of castings contain a high amount of iron, ergo it is possible its recycling in foundry process.Dust was compacted by briquetting, two kinds of briquettes were prepared (A contained 95% magnetic part of dust from casting blasting+5% bentonite and B contained 95% mixture of dust from casting grinding and magnetic part of dust from casting blasting + 5%bentonite and used as a part of charge into the electric induction furnace. It was found that addition of briquettes has had an influence of a chemical composition of cast iron above all on content of sulphur, phosphorus and silicon. It was not reflected in decrease in tensile strength and in microstructure. Yield of metal from briquettes was not lower then 70%.

  13. Simulation-based computation of dose to humans in radiological environments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Breazeal, N.L.; Davis, K.R.; Watson, R.A.; Vickers, D.S.; Ford, M.S.

    1996-03-01

    The Radiological Environment Modeling System (REMS) quantifies dose to humans working in radiological environments using the IGRIP (Interactive Graphical Robot Instruction Program) and Deneb/ERGO simulation software. These commercially available products are augmented with custom C code to provide radiation exposure information to, and collect radiation dose information from, workcell simulations. Through the use of any radiation transport code or measured data, a radiation exposure input database may be formulated. User-specified IGRIP simulations utilize these databases to compute and accumulate dose to programmable human models operating around radiation sources. Timing, distances, shielding, and human activity may be modeled accurately in the simulations. The accumulated dose is recorded in output files, and the user is able to process and view this output. The entire REMS capability can be operated from a single graphical user interface

  14. At eksistere tænkningen - Om cogito-argumentet og 'illusionen om erkendelsens primat'

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Liisberg, Sune

    2009-01-01

    Descartes' indflydelsesrige principformulering cogito ergo sum blev af F.W.J. Schelling betegnet som det 17. århundredes ‘magiske formular'; men den tryllebandt ikke alene sin samtid og den umiddelbare eftertid, den anslog simpelthen grundtonen for hele den nyere tids filosofi, og i nærværnede...... artikel tager jeg da også netop udgangspunkt i (receptionen af) Descartes' cogito-argument. For dels har vi med propositionen ‘jeg tænker, altså er jeg' vel nok det mest bogstavelige udtryk for et forsøg på ‘at tænke eksistensen'; dels rejses spørgsmålet om cogitoargumentets mening til stadighed i...

  15. A study on the optics of copper indium gallium (di)selenide (CIGS) solar cells with ultra-thin absorber layers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Man; Wachters, Arthur J H; van Deelen, Joop; Mourad, Maurice C D; Buskens, Pascal J P

    2014-03-10

    We present a systematic study of the effect of variation of the zinc oxide (ZnO) and copper indium gallium (di)selenide (CIGS) layer thickness on the absorption characteristics of CIGS solar cells using a simulation program based on finite element method (FEM). We show that the absorption in the CIGS layer does not decrease monotonically with its layer thickness due to interference effects. Ergo, high precision is required in the CIGS production process, especially when using ultra-thin absorber layers, to accurately realize the required thickness of the ZnO, cadmium sulfide (CdS) and CIGS layer. We show that patterning the ZnO window layer can strongly suppress these interference effects allowing a higher tolerance in the production process.

  16. Experiment-specific analyses in support of code development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ott, L.J.

    1990-01-01

    Experiment-specific models have been developed since 1986 by Oak Ridge National Laboratory Boiling Water Reactor (BWR) severe accident analysis programs for the purpose of BWR experimental planning and optimum interpretation of experimental results. These experiment-specific models have been applied to large integral tests (ergo, experiments) which start from an initial undamaged core state. The tests performed to date in BWR geometry have had significantly different-from-prototypic boundary and experimental conditions because of either normal facility limitations or specific experimental constraints. These experiments (ACRR: DF-4, NRU: FLHT-6, and CORA) were designed to obtain specific phenomenological information such as the degradation and interaction of prototypic components and the effects on melt progression of control-blade materials and channel boxes. Applications of ORNL models specific to the ACRR DF-4 and KfK CORA-16 experiments are discussed and significant findings from the experimental analyses are presented. 32 refs., 16 figs

  17. CERN MicroClub

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN MicroClub

    2016-01-01

    Le CERN Micro Club (en partenariat avec Google Education et EU Code Week) organise un évènement éducatif exceptionnel autour de trois kits scientifiques basés sur le mini-ordinateur Raspberry Pi : Le Bras Robotique "Poppy Ergo Jr", conçu par l'équipe-projet Flowers (Centre de recherche Inria Bordeaux Sud-Ouest, ENSTA Paris Tech). Le kit de détection de rayons cosmiques "Muon Hunter", conçu en partenariat entre Mr Mihaly Vadai et les membres du CERN Micro Club. La voiture radio-commandée programmable Wifi "GianoPi", conçue en partenariat avec le campus "La Chataigneraie", pour l'Ecole Internationale de Genève.   Le vendredi 7 octobre (de 18h à 20h) : Une conférence gratuite et ouverte à tous (limitée à 100 personnes), pendant laquelle v...

  18. EVALUATION OF THE PROGRAMME OF TUTORIALS FROM THE INSTITUTO TECNOLÓGICO DE LOS MOCHIS (CASE OF ENGINEERING BUSINESS MANAGEMENT PERIOD 2013-2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nora Patricia Ayala- Bobadilla

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The tutoring action must have relevance to those education characteristics that transcends the instruction and conform those experiences that allow an integral education. The compounds of this study include 190 students with the major Engineering in Business Management, who study in Los Mochis Institute of Technology. There was a survey applied to these students which lead to the idea that the Tutoring Program of Los Mochis Institute of Technology did not lead to a convincing impact to the integral formation of students, ergo the professional, academic and social scope. In conclusion in is necessary to execute a series of corrective actions so the Tutoring Program of Los Mochis Institute of Technology can really fulfill its purpose referent to its students.

  19. Supporting the design of office layout meeting ergonomics requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Margaritis, Spyros; Marmaras, Nicolas

    2007-11-01

    This paper proposes a method and an information technology tool aiming to support the ergonomics layout design of individual workstations in a given space (building). The proposed method shares common ideas with previous generic methods for office layout. However, it goes a step forward and focuses on the cognitive tasks which have to be carried out by the designer or the design team trying to alleviate them. This is achieved in two ways: (i) by decomposing the layout design problem to six main stages, during which only a limited number of variables and requirements are considered and (ii) by converting the ergonomics requirements to functional design guidelines. The information technology tool (ErgoOffice 0.1) automates certain phases of the layout design process, and supports the design team either by its editing and graphical facilities or by providing adequate memory support.

  20. Dosimetric commissioning and system for stereotactic radiation treatments based on linear accelerators with dynamic micromultilaminas collimators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ascension, Yudy; Alfonso, Rodolfo; Silvestre, Ileana

    2009-01-01

    Once installed and accepted, a system for stereotactic radiosurgery / stereotactic radiotherapy (CERs / RTE) requires, before starting to be used clinically in patients undergoing a process of commissioning dosimetry, which evaluates all geometric parameters, physical, Dosimetric and technical impact on the precision and accuracy of treatment to administer, and therefore its effectiveness. This process includes training and familiarization of the multidisciplinary team (medical physicists, radiation oncologists, neurosurgeons, dosimetrists, biomedical engineers) with the equipment and techniques used, the quality assurance program and special radiation protection standards for this technology. The aim of this work is to prepare the pre-clinical dosimetric conditions to ensure the quality and radiation safety of treatment with CER RTE. Treatment with CER RTE INOR has a linear accelerator equipped with a micro-multileaf collimator dynamic tertiary (dMLC 3Dline). The system aceleradordMLC geometric and dosimetric was calibrated, using ionization chambers miniature, diode and film dosimetry. The immobilization of the patient and location of the lesion is made by both invasive stereotactic frames and relocatable. The computerized planning of the CER / TEN is done with the ERGO system, for which commissioning is designed test cases of increasing complexity, using planes and anthropomorphic dummies, which help assess the accuracy of the dosimetric calculations and accuracy of the system as a whole. We compared the results of the planning system with measurements, showing that the discrepancies are within tolerances, so it is concluded that from the standpoint of physical dosimetry, the system-under-ERGO accelerator MLC is eligible for clinical use. (author)

  1. Electrochemically reduced graphene oxide-modified screen-printed carbon electrodes for a simple and highly sensitive electrochemical detection of synthetic colorants in beverages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jampasa, Sakda; Siangproh, Weena; Duangmal, Kiattisak; Chailapakul, Orawon

    2016-11-01

    A simple and highly sensitive electrochemical sensor based on an electrochemically reduced graphene oxide-modified screen-printed carbon electrode (ERGO-SPCE) for the simultaneous determination of sunset yellow (SY) and tartrazine (TZ) was proposed. An ERGO film was coated onto the electrode surface using a cyclic voltammetric method and then characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). In 0.1M phosphate buffer at a pH of 6, the two oxidation peaks of SY and TZ appeared separately at 0.41 and 0.70V, respectively. Surprisingly, the electrochemical response remarkably increased approximately 90- and 20-fold for SY and TZ, respectively, using the modified electrode in comparison to the unmodified electrode. The calibration curves exhibited linear ranges from 0.01 to 20.0µM for SY and from 0.02 to 20.0µM for TZ. The limits of detection were found to be 0.50 and 4.50nM (at S/N=3) for SY and TZ, respectively. Furthermore, this detection platform provided very high selectivity for the measurement of both colorants. This electrochemical sensor was successfully applied to determine the amount of SY and TZ in commercial beverages. Comparison of the results obtained from this proposed method to those obtained by an in-house standard technique proved that this developed method has good agreement in terms of accuracy for practical applications. This sensor offers an inexpensive, rapid and sensitive determination. The proposed system is therefore suitable for routine analysis and should be an alternative method for the analysis of food colorants. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  2. Differential pulse voltammetric simultaneous determination of ascorbic acid, dopamine and uric acid on a glassy carbon electrode modified with electro reduced graphene oxide and imidazolium groups

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wu, Feng; Huang, Ting; Xie, Qingji; Hu, Yangjian; Yang, Xin; Ouyang, Yuejun

    2016-01-01

    A glassy carbon electrode (GCE) was anodically oxidized by cyclic voltammetry (CV) in 0.05 M sulfuric acid to introduce hydroxy groups on its surface (GCE ox ). Next, an imidazolium alkoxy silane (ImAS) is covalently tethered to the surface of the GCE ox via silane chemistry. This electrode is further modified with graphene oxide (GO) which, dispersed in water, spontaneously assembles on the electrode surface through electrostatic interaction and π-interaction to give an electrode of type GO/ImAS/GCE. Electroreduction of GO and GCE ox by CV yields electro reduced GO (erGO) and an electrode of the type erGO/ImAS/GCE. This electrode displays excellent electrocatalytic activity for the oxidation of ascorbic acid (AA), dopamine (DA) and uric acid (UA). Three fully resolved anodic peaks (at −50 mV, 150 mV and 280 mV vs. Ag/AgCl) are observed during differential pulse voltammetry (DPV). Under optimized conditions, the linear detection ranges are from 30 to 2000 μM for AA, from 20 to 490 μM for UA, and from 0.1 to 5 μM and from 5 μM to 200 μM (two linear ranges) for DA. The respective limits of detection (for an S/N of 3) are 10 μM, 5 μM and 0.03 μM. The GCE modified with erGO and ImAS performs better than a bare GCE or a GCE modified with ImAS only, and also outperforms many other reported electrodes for the three analytes. The method was successfully applied to simultaneous analysis of AA, DA and UA in spiked human urine. (author)

  3. Graphene oxide directed in-situ synthesis of Prussian blue for non-enzymatic sensing of hydrogen peroxide released from macrophages

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Qiu, Weiwei; Zhu, Qionghua; Gao, Fei; Gao, Feng [College of Chemistry and Environment, Fujian Province Key Laboratory of Morden Analytical Science and Separation Technology, Minnan Normal University, Zhangzhou 363000 (China); Huang, Jiafu; Pan, Yutian [College of Biological Science and Technology, Minnan Normal University, Zhangzhou 363000 (China); Wang, Qingxiang, E-mail: axiang236@126.com [College of Chemistry and Environment, Fujian Province Key Laboratory of Morden Analytical Science and Separation Technology, Minnan Normal University, Zhangzhou 363000 (China)

    2017-03-01

    A novel electrochemical non-enzymatic hydrogen peroxide (H{sub 2}O{sub 2}) sensor has been developed based on Prussian blue (PB) and electrochemically reduced graphene oxide (ERGO). The GO was covalently modified on glassy carbon electrode (GCE), and utilized as a directing platform for in-situ synthesis of electroactive PB. Then the GO was electrochemically treated to reduction form to improve the effective surface area and electroactivity of the sensing interface. The fabrication process was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The results showed that the rich oxygen containing groups play a crucial role for the successful synthesis of PB, and the obtained PB layer on the covalently immobilized GO has good stability. Electrochemical sensing assay showed that the modified electrode had tremendous electrocatalytic property for the reduction of H{sub 2}O{sub 2}. The steady-state current response increased linearly with H{sub 2}O{sub 2} concentrations from 5 μM to 1 mM with a fast response time (less than 3 s). The detection limit was estimated to be 0.8 μM. When the sensor was applied for determination of H{sub 2}O{sub 2} released from living cells of macrophages, satisfactory results were achieved. - Highlights: • Covalent method was applied for immobilization of GO on glassy carbon electrode. • GO directed in-situ synthesis of electroactive PB. • PB-ERGO composite shows high electrocatalytic activity toward H{sub 2}O{sub 2}. • The modified biosensor is capable of detecting H{sub 2}O{sub 2} released from living macrophages.

  4. A simple, rapid and green method based on pulsed potentiostatic electrodeposition of reduced graphene oxide on glass carbon electrode for sensitive voltammetric detection of sophoridine

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang, Fei; Wu, Yanju; Lu, Kui; Gao, Lin; Ye, Baoxian

    2014-01-01

    Graphical abstract: A simple, rapid and green method, based on graphene nanosheets directly deposited onto a glassy carbon electrode by pulsed potentiostatic reduction of a graphene oxide colloidal solution, to build sensitive voltammetric sensor for the determination of sophoridine was presented. - Highlights: • A simple, rapid and green method to build sensitive voltammetric sensor was presented. • The proposed sensor has a high electrochemical sensitivity for determination of sophoridine. • The proposed sensor exhibited an excellent selectivity. - Abstract: A simple, rapid and green method was described for sensitive voltammetric detection of sophoridine based on graphene nanosheets directly deposited onto a glassy carbon electrode (GCE) by pulsed potentiostatic reduction of a graphene oxide (GO) colloidal solution. The resulting electrodes (PP-ERGO/GCE) were characterized by electrochemical methods and scanning electron microscopy. Moreover, the electrochemical behaviors of sophoridine at the modified electrode were investigated in detail by cyclic voltammetry (CV), chronoamperometry (CA) and chronocoulometry (CC). Compared with the bare GCE and the preparation of reduced graphene oxide (RGO) films by potentiostatic method (PM) modified GCE, PP-ERGO/GCE could intensively enhance the oxidation peak currents and decrease the overpotential of sophoridine. Under the selected conditions, the modified electrode showed a linear voltammetric response to sophoridine within the concentration range of 8.0 × 10 −7 ∼ 1.0 × 10 −4 mol L −11 , with the detection limit of 2.0 × 10 −7 mol L −1 . And, the method was also applied to detect sophoridine in spiked human urine with wonderful satisfactory

  5. A constituição do sujeito na psicanálise lacaniana: impasses na separação La constitución del sujeto en el psicoanálisis lacaniano: impases en la separación The constitution of the subject in lacanian psychoanalysis: impairments in separation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Cristina Ricotta Bruder

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho consiste em uma pesquisa teórica a respeito da constituição do sujeito no âmbito da psicanálise lacaniana. A vertente clínica que motiva esta pesquisa é o atendimento de crianças com problemas graves (psicose, autismo, deficiência mental, etc. e suas mães, e das dificuldades encontradas num momento privilegiado de seu tratamento, em que ocorreria a separação estrutural entre ambas. Há dois modos pelos quais se constitui o sujeito: segundo o Estádio do Espelho e segundo a topologia da alienação e separação. Ambos são apresentados. Ao explicar a alienação, o estudo enfoca o surgimento do sujeito no inconsciente, distinto do eu, que é essencialmente imaginário. Este surgimento é apresentado de acordo com a leitura lacaniana do cogito ergo sum de Descartes. Os impasses encontrados na clínica quando da separação - especialmente o surgimento de sintomas físicos na mãe - são considerados e analisados à luz das teorias vigentes.Este trabajo consiste en una investigación teórica respecto a la constitución del sujeto en el ámbito del psicoanálisis lacaniano. La vertiente clínica que motiva esta investigación es la atención a niños con problemas graves (psicosis, autismo, deficiencia mental, etc. y sus madres, y las dificultades encontradas en un momento privilegiado de su tratamiento, en el que ocurriría la separación estructural entre ambas. Hay dos modos por los que se constituye el sujeto: según el Estadio del Espejo y según la topología de la alienación y separación. Ambos son presentados. Al explicar la alienación, el estudio enfoca el surgimiento del sujeto en el inconsciente, distinto del yo, que es esencialmente imaginario. Este surgimiento está presentado de acuerdo con la lectura lacaniana del cogito ergo sum de Descartes. Los impases encontrados en la clínica cuando de la separación - especialmente el surgimiento de síntomas físicos en la madre - son considerados y analizados a

  6. Linac-based extracranial radiosurgery with Elekta volumetric modulated arc therapy and an anatomy-based treatment planning system: Feasibility and initial experience

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cilla, Savino, E-mail: savinocilla@gmail.com [Medical Physics Unit, Fondazione di Ricerca e Cura “Giovanni Paolo II”, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Campobasso (Italy); Deodato, Francesco; Macchia, Gabriella; Digesù, Cinzia [Radiotherapy Unit, Fondazione di Ricerca e Cura “Giovanni Paolo II”, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Campobasso (Italy); Ianiro, Anna; Viola, Pietro; Craus, Maurizio [Medical Physics Unit, Fondazione di Ricerca e Cura “Giovanni Paolo II”, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Campobasso (Italy); Valentini, Vincenzo [Radiotherapy Unit, Fondazione di Ricerca e Cura “Giovanni Paolo II”, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Campobasso (Italy); Radiation Oncology Unit, Policlinico Universitario “A. Gemelli”, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Roma (Italy); Piermattei, Angelo [Medical Physics Unit, Policlinico Universitario “A. Gemelli”, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Roma (Italy); Morganti, Alessio G. [Radiation Oncology Unit, Department of Experimental, Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine-DIMES, S. Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, University of Bologna, Bologna (Italy)

    2016-07-01

    We reported our initial experience in using Elekta volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) and an anatomy-based treatment planning system (TPS) for single high-dose radiosurgery (SRS-VMAT) of liver metastases. This study included a cohort of 12 patients treated with a 26-Gy single fraction. Single-arc VMAT plans were generated with Ergo++ TPS. The prescription isodose surface (IDS) was selected to fulfill the 2 following criteria: 95% of planning target volume (PTV) reached 100% of the prescription dose and 99% of PTV reached a minimum of 90% of prescription dose. A 1-mm multileaf collimator (MLC) block margin was added around the PTV. For a comparison of dose distributions with literature data, several conformity indexes (conformity index [CI], conformation number [CN], and gradient index [GI]) were calculated. Treatment efficiency and pretreatment dosimetric verification were assessed. Early clinical data were also reported. Our results reported that target and organ-at-risk objectives were met for all patients. Mean and maximum doses to PTVs were on average 112.9% and 121.5% of prescribed dose, respectively. A very high degree of dose conformity was obtained, with CI, CN, and GI average values equal to 1.29, 0.80, and 3.63, respectively. The beam-on-time was on average 9.3 minutes, i.e., 0.36 min/Gy. The mean number of monitor units was 3162, i.e., 121.6 MU/Gy. Pretreatment verification (3%-3 mm) showed an optimal agreement with calculated values; mean γ value was 0.27 and 98.2% of measured points resulted with γ < 1. With a median follow-up of 16 months complete response was observed in 12/14 (86%) lesions; partial response was observed in 2/14 (14%) lesions. No radiation-induced liver disease (RILD) was observed in any patients as well no duodenal ulceration or esophagitis or gastric hemorrhage. In conclusion, this analysis demonstrated the feasibility and the appropriateness of high-dose single-fraction SRS-VMAT in liver metastases performed with Elekta

  7. Judicial Performance and Experiences of Judicial Work: Findings from socio-legal research by Sharyn Roach Anleu & Kathy Mack: Commentary

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    Gar Yein Ng

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This commentary examines the contribution in this edition by Roach Anleu & Mack, based on arguments that reducing judicial performance evaluation (ergo any professional performance to that which is easily measurable removes the human aspect of that performance, and is therefore less accurate. Here, “measurable” is meant as focusing only on the “outward performance”, “interaction with stakeholders” and how judges perform in relation to numbers of cases. Compared to such organisational standards, judicial codes of ethics or other written codes reflect the more traditional values of the judiciary, such as independence and impartiality. This can be seen e.g. in the experiences of the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe in supporting the use of judicial performance standards. The argument in the paper, supported by this commentator, is that such exercises are superficial and more depth is needed to capture the entirety of the judicial experience using the model presented. Este comentario analiza el artículo de Roach Anleu y Mack en este número, en base a los argumentos de que limitar la evaluación del rendimiento judicial (ergo cualquier rendimiento profesional a lo que es fácilmente medible elimina el aspecto humano de ese rendimiento, y es por lo tanto menos preciso. Aquí, por “medible” se entiende lo que está centrado únicamente en el “rendimiento exterior”, la “interacción con los interesados” y el rendimiento de los jueces en relación con el número de casos. En comparación con estas normas de organización, los códigos judiciales de ética u otros códigos escritos reflejan los valores más tradicionales de la judicatura, como la independencia o imparcialidad. Esto puede verse, por ejemplo, en las experiencias de la Organización para la Seguridad y la Cooperación en Europa en apoyar el uso de las normas de rendimiento judicial. El argumento del artículo, apoyado por esta autora, es que estos

  8. The Nrf2-inducers tanshinone I and dihydrotanshinone protect human skin cells and reconstructed human skin against solar simulated UV☆

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tao, Shasha; Justiniano, Rebecca; Zhang, Donna D.; Wondrak, Georg T.

    2013-01-01

    Exposure to solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation is a causative factor in skin photocarcinogenesis and photoaging, and an urgent need exists for improved strategies for skin photoprotection. The redox-sensitive transcription factor Nrf2 (nuclear factor-E2-related factor 2), a master regulator of the cellular antioxidant defense against environmental electrophilic insult, has recently emerged as an important determinant of cutaneous damage from solar UV, and the concept of pharmacological activation of Nrf2 has attracted considerable attention as a novel approach to skin photoprotection. In this study, we examined feasibility of using tanshinones, a novel class of phenanthrenequinone-based cytoprotective Nrf2 inducers derived from the medicinal plant Salvia miltiorrhiza, for protection of cultured human skin cells and reconstructed human skin against solar simulated UV. Using a dual luciferase reporter assay in human Hs27 dermal fibroblasts pronounced transcriptional activation of Nrf2 by four major tanshinones [tanshinone I (T-I), dihydrotanshinone (DHT), tanshinone IIA (T-II-A) and cryptotanshinone (CT)] was detected. In fibroblasts, the more potent tanshinones T-I and DHT caused a significant increase in Nrf2 protein half-life via blockage of ubiquitination, ultimately resulting in upregulated expression of cytoprotective Nrf2 target genes (GCLC, NQO1) with the elevation of cellular glutathione levels. Similar tanshinone-induced changes were also observed in HaCaT keratinocytes. T-I and DHT pretreatment caused significant suppression of skin cell death induced by solar simulated UV and riboflavin-sensitized UVA. Moreover, feasibility of tanshinone-based cutaneous photoprotection was tested employing a human skin reconstruct exposed to solar simulated UV (80 mJ/cm2 UVB; 1.53 J/cm2 UVA). The occurrence of markers of epidermal solar insult (cleaved procaspase 3, pycnotic nuclei, eosinophilic cytoplasm, acellular cavities) was significantly attenuated in DHT

  9. The Nrf2-inducers tanshinone I and dihydrotanshinone protect human skin cells and reconstructed human skin against solar simulated UV.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tao, Shasha; Justiniano, Rebecca; Zhang, Donna D; Wondrak, Georg T

    2013-01-01

    Exposure to solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation is a causative factor in skin photocarcinogenesis and photoaging, and an urgent need exists for improved strategies for skin photoprotection. The redox-sensitive transcription factor Nrf2 (nuclear factor-E2-related factor 2), a master regulator of the cellular antioxidant defense against environmental electrophilic insult, has recently emerged as an important determinant of cutaneous damage from solar UV, and the concept of pharmacological activation of Nrf2 has attracted considerable attention as a novel approach to skin photoprotection. In this study, we examined feasibility of using tanshinones, a novel class of phenanthrenequinone-based cytoprotective Nrf2 inducers derived from the medicinal plant Salvia miltiorrhiza, for protection of cultured human skin cells and reconstructed human skin against solar simulated UV. Using a dual luciferase reporter assay in human Hs27 dermal fibroblasts pronounced transcriptional activation of Nrf2 by four major tanshinones [tanshinone I (T-I), dihydrotanshinone (DHT), tanshinone IIA (T-II-A) and cryptotanshinone (CT)] was detected. In fibroblasts, the more potent tanshinones T-I and DHT caused a significant increase in Nrf2 protein half-life via blockage of ubiquitination, ultimately resulting in upregulated expression of cytoprotective Nrf2 target genes (GCLC, NQO1) with the elevation of cellular glutathione levels. Similar tanshinone-induced changes were also observed in HaCaT keratinocytes. T-I and DHT pretreatment caused significant suppression of skin cell death induced by solar simulated UV and riboflavin-sensitized UVA. Moreover, feasibility of tanshinone-based cutaneous photoprotection was tested employing a human skin reconstruct exposed to solar simulated UV (80 mJ/cm(2) UVB; 1.53 J/cm(2) UVA). The occurrence of markers of epidermal solar insult (cleaved procaspase 3, pycnotic nuclei, eosinophilic cytoplasm, acellular cavities) was significantly attenuated in DHT

  10. The Nrf2-inducers tanshinone I and dihydrotanshinone protect human skin cells and reconstructed human skin against solar simulated UV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shasha Tao

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Exposure to solar ultraviolet (UV radiation is a causative factor in skin photocarcinogenesis and photoaging, and an urgent need exists for improved strategies for skin photoprotection. The redox-sensitive transcription factor Nrf2 (nuclear factor-E2-related factor 2, a master regulator of the cellular antioxidant defense against environmental electrophilic insult, has recently emerged as an important determinant of cutaneous damage from solar UV, and the concept of pharmacological activation of Nrf2 has attracted considerable attention as a novel approach to skin photoprotection. In this study, we examined feasibility of using tanshinones, a novel class of phenanthrenequinone-based cytoprotective Nrf2 inducers derived from the medicinal plant Salvia miltiorrhiza, for protection of cultured human skin cells and reconstructed human skin against solar simulated UV. Using a dual luciferase reporter assay in human Hs27 dermal fibroblasts pronounced transcriptional activation of Nrf2 by four major tanshinones [tanshinone I (T-I, dihydrotanshinone (DHT, tanshinone IIA (T-II-A and cryptotanshinone (CT] was detected. In fibroblasts, the more potent tanshinones T-I and DHT caused a significant increase in Nrf2 protein half-life via blockage of ubiquitination, ultimately resulting in upregulated expression of cytoprotective Nrf2 target genes (GCLC, NQO1 with the elevation of cellular glutathione levels. Similar tanshinone-induced changes were also observed in HaCaT keratinocytes. T-I and DHT pretreatment caused significant suppression of skin cell death induced by solar simulated UV and riboflavin-sensitized UVA. Moreover, feasibility of tanshinone-based cutaneous photoprotection was tested employing a human skin reconstruct exposed to solar simulated UV (80 mJ/cm2 UVB; 1.53 J/cm2 UVA. The occurrence of markers of epidermal solar insult (cleaved procaspase 3, pycnotic nuclei, eosinophilic cytoplasm, acellular cavities was significantly attenuated in DHT

  11. The effects of aerobic exercise training on psychosocial aspects of men with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sardar, Mohammad Ali; Boghrabadi, Vahdat; Sohrabi, Mehdi; Aminzadeh, Reza; Jalalian, Mehrdad

    2014-01-20

    This study was conducted to examine the effects of aerobic exercise training on psychosocial aspects (mental health, the aspects of physical symptoms, anxiety and insomnia, social functioning, and depression) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. 53 men who had type 2 diabetes mellitus for a mean duration of the disease for 3±5 years were selected purposely and classified randomly into experimental (27 patients) and a control group (26 patients). Patients in the experimental group did aerobic exercise training three times a week for eight weeks. The exercise included an aerobic activity for 45 to 60 minutes during which the patients' heart rates were maintained at 60-70 percent of heart rate reserve on ergo meter bikes. The eight-week aerobic exercise training had significant effects on mental health (p = 0.002), subscales of physical symptoms (p = 0.006), and anxiety and insomnia (p = 0.001). It had no significant effects on subscales related to disorder of social functioning (p = 0.117) and depression (p = 0.657). Aerobic exercise training can be considered as an appropriate program for improving the health of the patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, and it also can improve their mental health.

  12. Microbial reduction of graphene oxide by Escherichia coli: a green chemistry approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gurunathan, Sangiliyandi; Han, Jae Woong; Eppakayala, Vasuki; Kim, Jin-Hoi

    2013-02-01

    Graphene and graphene related materials are an important area of research in recent years due to their unique properties. The extensive industrial application of graphene and related compounds has led researchers to devise novel and simple methods for the synthesis of high quality graphene. In this paper, we developed an environment friendly, cost effective, simple method and green approaches for the reduction of graphene oxide (GO) using Escherichia coli biomass. In biological method, we can avoid use of toxic and environmentally harmful reducing agents commonly used in the chemical reduction of GO to obtain graphene. The biomass of E. coli reduces exfoliated GO to graphene at 37°C in an aqueous medium. The E. coli reduced graphene oxide (ERGO) was characterized with UV-visible absorption spectroscopy, particle analyzer, high resolution X-ray diffractometer, scanning electron microscopy and Raman spectroscopy. Besides the reduction potential, the biomass could also play an important role as stabilizing agent, in which synthesized graphene exhibited good stability in water. This method can open up the new avenue for preparing graphene in cost effective and large scale production. Our findings suggest that GO can be reduced by simple eco-friendly method by using E. coli biomass to produce water dispersible graphene. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  13. Enhanced photocatalytic performance of ZnO nanostructures by electrochemical hybridization with graphene oxide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pruna, A.; Wu, Z.; Zapien, J. A.; Li, Y. Y.; Ruotolo, A.

    2018-05-01

    Synthesis of zinc oxide (ZnO) nanostructures is reported by electrochemical deposition from an aqueous electrolyte in presence of graphene oxide (GO) with varying oxidation degree. The properties of hybrids were investigated by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, Raman, Fourier-Transform Infrared and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy techniques and photocatalytic measurements. The results indicated the electrodeposition of ZnO in presence of GO with increased oxygen content led to marked differences in the morphology while Raman measurements indicated an increased defect level both in the ZnO and the electrochemically reduced GO (ErGO) within the hybrids. The decrease in C/O atomic ratio of GO (from 0.79 to 0.71) employed for the electrodeposition of ZnO resulted in an increase in photocatalytic efficiency for methylene blue degradation under UV irradiation from 4-folds to 10-folds with respect to non-hybridized ZnO. The observed synergetic effect of cathodic deposition potential and oxygen content in GO towards improving the photocatalytic activity of immobilized ZnO is expected to contribute to further development of more effective deposition approaches for the preparation of high performance hybrid nanostructures.

  14. Frontiere, confini, limiti: e la geografia?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcello Tanca

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The adjective "geographic" does not draw upon what is conceived and opposed to "cultural" elements, but what is resultant of the meeting and exploration of cultural trajectories - boundaries that men establish and realize to contact with the earth's reality, and their societies therein. The historian Lucien Febvre, Paul Vidal de La Blache's student and friend, wrote "in geography no issue is more important than subdivisions one". At the concept of natural frontiers (that until the 700's, indicated a physical element with greater visibility and stability over and above  any man's work, during the eighteenth century,  the problem of subdivision brought with it complications - ergo,  the identification of a criterion to divide the earth surface in parts. Now since the evidence of each geographical representation is actually the product of a self performative mechanism (Dematteis, this should ensure that we contribute, with all our collective practices, to give a meaning and a symbolic function to physical objects,  frontiers, boundaries and limits. In this respect, individual views lose the often fixed aspect of personal opinion, and the connotation of what is "natural", assumes a different cognitive meaning, along with the political and symbolic points of view that mankind often embraces.

  15. Codon based co-occurrence network motifs in human mitochondria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pramod Shinde

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available The nucleotide polymorphism in human mitochondrial genome (mtDNA tolled by codon position bias plays an indispensable role in human population dispersion and expansion. Herein, we constructed genome-wide nucleotide co-occurrence networks using a massive data consisting of five different geographical regions and around 3000 samples for each region. We developed a powerful network model to describe complex mitochondrial evolutionary patterns between codon and non-codon positions. It was interesting to report a different evolution of Asian genomes than those of the rest which is divulged by network motifs. We found evidence that mtDNA undergoes substantial amounts of adaptive evolution, a finding which was supported by a number of previous studies. The dominance of higher order motifs indicated the importance of long-range nucleotide co-occurrence in genomic diversity. Most notably, codon motifs apparently underpinned the preferences among codon positions for co-evolution which is probably highly biased during the origin of the genetic code. Our analyses manifested that codon position co-evolution is very well conserved across human sub-populations and independently maintained within human sub-populations implying the selective role of evolutionary processes on codon position co-evolution. Ergo, this study provided a framework to investigate cooperative genomic interactions which are critical in underlying complex mitochondrial evolution.

  16. Computer-assisted electrochemical fabrication of a highly selective and sensitive amperometric nitrite sensor based on surface decoration of electrochemically reduced graphene oxide nanosheets with CoNi bimetallic alloy nanoparticles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gholivand, Mohammad-Bagher; Jalalvand, Ali R; Goicoechea, Hector C

    2014-07-01

    For the first time, a novel, robust and very attractive statistical experimental design (ED) using minimum-run equireplicated resolution IV factorial design (Min-Run Res IV FD) coupled with face centered central composite design (FCCCD) and Derringer's desirability function (DF) was developed to fabricate a highly selective and sensitive amperometric nitrite sensor based on electrodeposition of CoNi bimetallic alloy nanoparticles (NPs) on electrochemically reduced graphene oxide (ERGO) nanosheets. The modifications were characterized by cyclic voltammetry (CV), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopic (EDS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) techniques. The CoNi bimetallic alloy NPs were characterized using digital image processing (DIP) for particle counting (density estimation) and average diameter measurement. Under the identified optimal conditions, the novel sensor detects nitrite in concentration ranges of 0.1-30.0 μM and 30.0-330.0 μM with a limit of detection (LOD) of 0.05 μM. This sensor selectively detects nitrite even in the presence of high concentration of common ions and biological interferents therefore, we found that the sensor is highly selective. The sensor also demonstrated an excellent operational stability and good antifouling properties. The proposed sensor was used to the determination of nitrite in several foodstuff and water samples. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  17. EFFECTS OF WHOLE BODY VIBRATION ON STRENGTH AND JUMPING PERFORMANCE IN VOLLEYBALL AND BEACH VOLLEYBALL PLAYERS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zmijewski, P.; Jimenez-Olmedo, J.M.; Jové-Tossi, M.A.; Martínez-Carbonell, A.; Suárez-Llorca, C.; Andreu-Cabrera, E.

    2014-01-01

    The primary aim of this study was to examine the effects of 6-week strength training with whole body vibration (WBV) on leg strength and jumping performance in volleyball and beach volleyball players. Twenty-three sub-elite male volleyball (VB; n=12) and beach volleyball players (BVB; n=11) aged 21.2±3.0 years were divided into two groups and subjected to 6 weeks of strength training (three one-hour sessions per week): (I) 12 players (6 VB and 6 BVB players) underwent training with WBV (30-40 Hz, 1.7-2.5 mm, 3.0-5.7 g), and (II) 11 players (6 VB and 5 BVB players) underwent traditional strength training. Squat jump (SJ) and countermovement squat jump (CMJ) measurements by the Ergo Tester contact platform and maximum leg press test (1RM) were conducted. Three-factor (2 time x 2 WBV use x 2 discipline) analysis of variance for SJ, CMJ and 1RM revealed a significant time main effect (pvolleyball and beach volleyball players increases leg strength more and leads to greater improvement in jump performance than traditional strength training, but greater improvements can be expected in beach volleyball players than in volleyball players. PMID:25187676

  18. EFFECT OF HIGH & LOW INTENSITIES OF AEROBIC EXERCISE ON PHYSICAL FITNESS INDEX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madhusudhan

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Aerobic exercise reduces body fat and improves weight control, increases HDL&Vo2 max. Also improves PFI (physical fitness index which is defined as ability to carry out daily tasks with vigour and alertness without undue fatigue. Though aerobic exercise is found to improve physical fitness, the relative merits of different intensities of aerobi c exercise in improving physical fitness is still uncertain. AIM: The present study was conducted to know the Effect of High & low intensity aerobic training on physical fitness index. MATERIALS & METHODS : 80 sedentary men (18 - 40 years were randomized in to 2 equal groups (High Intensity & low intensity group . The High [80% HR max] & Low intensity [50 % HR max] groups underwent aerobic exercise training using Bicycle ergo meter (COSCO at 900kpm & 540kpm, for 15mins/day & 30mins/day respectively, 5days a week, for a period of 14weeks. Physical fitness index of each subject was recorded by Modified Harvard step test before & after intervention. RESULTS : After 14 weeks of aerobic training both the exercise groups had improvement in PFI, but high intensity gr oup had a significant (p<0.05 improvement in PFI (97.18 - 101.14 than low intensity group (98.12 - 100.6. CONCLUSION : High intensity aerobic exercise is effective in improving physical fitness.

  19. Determination of PBDEs in human milk. Analysis and quality control

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paepke, O.; Herrmann, T. [Ergo Research, Hamburg (Germany); Vieth, B.; Ostermann, B. [Federal Institute for Risk Assessment, Berlin (Germany)

    2004-09-15

    Polybrominated diphenylethers (PBDEs) are widely used as flame retardants in polymer materials, textiles, electronic boards and various other materials. Technical PBDE preparations are produced as mixtures of mainly penta-, octa- or decabromobiphenyl ethers. PBDEs are structurally similar to other environmental pollutants, such as dioxins and PCBs. They are lipophilic and persistent compounds and widespread in the environment. For certain congeners, bioaccumulation has been observed. Recent findings of increasing levels in humans showed that more detailed investigations of human milk (or other suitable matrices) will be required in order to evaluate the general human exposure to this group of environmental contaminants. Only a few data on PBDE levels in breast milk from Germany had been published. To fill the data gaps, in 2001 a controlled study was started to characterize the PBDE levels in human milk from Germany with special efforts to identify and quantify deca-BDE-209. 103 samples were analyzed in this study so far including 10 hidden pool samples provided by Federal Institute for Risk Assessment to ERGO laboratory (total number of samples finally will be 157 (including 14 hidden pool samples)). This paper describes the analytical procedure applied and emphasizes on the quality control procedure.

  20. The Long Way of Knowledge Society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available I think, therefore I am. Our ancestors said Cogito, ergo sum, in a Latin form of Rene Descartes' expression "Je pense, donc je suis", in Discourse on Method (1637. The same did Thomas Davenport, when gave his book the title Thinking for a living. Probably he didn't prefer the direct form in English of the above mentioned expression: "I think, therefore I am", but one that in essence is more poetical and more anchored in the reality of the third millennium's early days, in the way that only thinking we can exist. The title is also a commercial one, because the previous ten books also basically referred to knowing or knowledge. They used the research done in the following fields: knowledge management, process management and innovation. The opening of his last book, a best seller of 2005, is also interesting. The author gives the first chapter the title 'What's a Knowledge Worker, Anyway?". We could draw the conclusion that after so much effort, including a publishing one, the author remains with the doubt on the terminology so much used at the end of the 2nd millennium and the beginning of the 3rd one or leaves an open way to the next volumes. It is not by chance that there are voices that say he might be the next Peter Drucker. The last one said that the future society would be the knowledge society (see also Managing in the Next Society, 2002.

  1. Ethics and Dualism in Contemporary Psychology: From Avicenna and Descartes to Neuroscience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alma Jeftiċ

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available From Avicenna and Descartes a long debate on the role of mind-body dilemma has left a huge impact on ethics of psychological research. That is especially applicable on researches that include both human and non-human participants, as well as their limitations and constraints that are connected to ethical principles. However, these principles are closely related to the interpretation of mind-body dilemma, which depends on different understandings of connection between soul and senses. The purpose of this paper is to examine the major impact of well-known “mind-body” dualism on ethics in psychological researches, with special emphasis on neuropsychology and neuroscience in general, as well as major constraints related to that dillema. The thought experiment has been recognized as a precursor to Rene Descartes’ famous ‘Cogito ergo sum’, as well as his body-mind dilemma. However, Avicenna's argument is more intended to demonstrate conceptually that Aristotle’s empirical axiom “there is nothing in the mind which was not first in the senses” is mistaken, since there is at least one thing in the mind which is not contingent upon experience, and that is self-awareness. The major contribution of this paper is the inclusion of two philosophical debates on mind-body dilemma while considering ethical approaches to neuropsychological research on both human and non-human participants.

  2. Can renewable energies be turned to a source of advantage by developing countries?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mathews, J.

    2007-01-01

    Traditional industrial development pathways, that did not take into explicit consideration the issue of energy technologies to be utilized, now imperil development prospects around the world. As oil supplies approach their peak globally, and energy security becomes a major issue, so developing countries have everything to lose by simply following fossil fuel based industrialization, and everything to gain by recasting their development strategies around the prospects for renewable energies and biofuels. This is now a feasible prospect, as shown dramatically by the Brazilian experience, now being replicated in many developing countries, including most notably in India and China. This paper argues that the time is therefore ripe for developing countries, and development agencies such as the World Bank, to re-evaluate their stance on biofuels. Developing countries, particularly in the tropics, have an abundance of land, water and sunshine that give them a competitive advantage in biofuels, and for the development of a new industry ergo-culture that will stand alongside traditional agriculture. The paper argues that a swing behind biofuels can unlock a chain reaction of favorable developmental processes provided developing countries seize the initiative and set in place renewable energy industry creation projects before the developed world has managed to shake itself out of its fossil fuel dependence. In doing so, they will do a great service to themselves and to everyone concerned with the disastrous prospects of global climate change. (author)

  3. Electrochemical Evaluation of trans-Resveratrol Levels in Red Wine Based on the Interaction between Resveratrol and Graphene.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Lantao; Zhou, Yanli; Kang, Yiyu; Huang, Haihong; Li, Congming; Xu, Maotian; Ye, Baoxian

    2017-01-01

    trans -Resveratrol is often considered as one of the quality standards of red wine, and the development of a sensitive and reliable method for monitoring the trans -resveratrol levels in red wine is an urgent requirement for the quality control. Here, a novel voltammetric approach was described for probing trans -resveratrol using a graphene-modified glassy carbon (GC) electrode. The proposed electrode was prepared by one-step electrodeposition of reduced graphene oxide (ERGO) at a GC electrode. Compared with the bare GC electrode, the introduced graphene film on the electrode surface dramatically improved the sensitivity of the sensor response due to the π - π interaction between the graphene and trans -resveratrol. The developed sensor exhibited low detection limit of 0.2  μ M with wide linear range of 0.8-32  μ M and high stability. For the analysis of trans -resveratrol in red wine, the high anti-interference ability and the good recoveries indicated the great potential for practical applications.

  4. Electrochemical Evaluation of trans-Resveratrol Levels in Red Wine Based on the Interaction between Resveratrol and Graphene

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lantao Liu

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available trans-Resveratrol is often considered as one of the quality standards of red wine, and the development of a sensitive and reliable method for monitoring the trans-resveratrol levels in red wine is an urgent requirement for the quality control. Here, a novel voltammetric approach was described for probing trans-resveratrol using a graphene-modified glassy carbon (GC electrode. The proposed electrode was prepared by one-step electrodeposition of reduced graphene oxide (ERGO at a GC electrode. Compared with the bare GC electrode, the introduced graphene film on the electrode surface dramatically improved the sensitivity of the sensor response due to the π-π interaction between the graphene and trans-resveratrol. The developed sensor exhibited low detection limit of 0.2 μM with wide linear range of 0.8–32 μM and high stability. For the analysis of trans-resveratrol in red wine, the high anti-interference ability and the good recoveries indicated the great potential for practical applications.

  5. Energy performance contracting - energy saving potential of selected energy conservation measures (ECM)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johansson, M. (Dansk Energi Analyse A/S, Frederiksberg (Denmark)); Langkilde, G.; Olesen, Bjarne W. (Technical Univ. of Denmark, ICIEE, Kgs. Lyngby (Denmark)); Moerck, O. (Cenergia Energy Consultants, Herlev (Denmark)); Sundman, O. (DONG Energy, Copenhagen (Denmark)); Engelund Thomsen, K. (Aalborg Univ., SBi, Hoersholm (Denmark))

    2008-09-15

    This report has been developed under the research project 'Etablering af grundlag for energitjenester i Danmark' (project number: ENS-33031-0185) under the Danish research programme - EFP. The objective of this project has been to contribute to the utilisation of the large potential for energy conservations in the building sector within the public, industry and service sectors through the development of a better basis for decision making for both the Energy Service Companies (ESCOes) and the building owners. The EU directive on Energy Service Contracting points at the buildings as the area where the biggest potential market for energy services and energy efficiency improvements are. The EFP-project has two parts: (1) A Danish part and (2) participation in the international cooperation project 'Holistic Assesment Tool-Kit on Energy Efficient Retrofit Measures for Government Buildings (EnERGo)', Annex 46 under the IEA R and D program 'Energy Conservation In Buildings And Community Systems' (ECBCS). This report describes the Danish contributions to the IEA projects subtask B, which has a primary objective to develop a database of energy conservation measures (ECM) with descriptions and performance characteristics of these. (au)

  6. Illicit use of androgens and other hormones: recent advances.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanayama, Gen; Pope, Harrison G

    2012-06-01

    To summarize recent advances in studies of illicit use of androgens and other hormones. Androgens and other appearance-enhancing and performance-enhancing substances are widely abused worldwide. Three notable clusters of findings have emerged in this field in recent years. First, studies almost unanimously find that androgen users engage in polypharmacy, often ingesting other hormones (e.g., human growth hormone, thyroid hormones, and insulin), ergo/thermogenic drugs (e.g., caffeine, ephedrine, and clenbuterol), and classical drugs of abuse (e.g., cannabis, opiates, and cocaine). Second, reports of long-term psychiatric and medical adverse effects of androgens continue to accumulate. In cardiovascular research particularly, controlled studies have begun to supersede anecdotal evidence, strengthening the case that androgens (possibly acting synergistically with other abused drugs) may cause significant morbidity and even mortality. Third, it is increasingly recognized that androgen use may lead to a dependence syndrome with both psychological and physiological origins. Androgen dependence likely affects some millions of individuals worldwide, and arguably represents the least studied major class of illicit drug dependence. Given mounting evidence of the adverse effects of androgens and associated polypharmacy, this topic will likely represent an expanding area of research and an issue of growing public health concern.

  7. Solving a discrete model of the lac operon using Z3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gutierrez, Natalia A.

    2014-05-01

    A discrete model for the Lcac Operon is solved using the SMT-solver Z3. Traditionally the Lac Operon is formulated in a continuous math model. This model is a system of ordinary differential equations. Here, it was considerated as a discrete model, based on a Boolean red. The biological problem of Lac Operon is enunciated as a problem of Boolean satisfiability, and it is solved using an STM-solver named Z3. Z3 is a powerful solver that allows understanding the basic dynamic of the Lac Operon in an easier and more efficient way. The multi-stability of the Lac Operon can be easily computed with Z3. The code that solves the Boolean red can be written in Python language or SMT-Lib language. Both languages were used in local version of the program as online version of Z3. For future investigations it is proposed to solve the Boolean red of Lac Operon using others SMT-solvers as cvc4, alt-ergo, mathsat and yices.

  8. Greek underpinnings to his methodology in unraveling De Motu Cordis and what Harvey has to teach us still today.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pasipoularides, Ares

    2013-10-09

    William Harvey's writings betray amazing insights born out of countless hours of thoughtful experimentation. Throughout his life, Harvey worked as a tireless and thoughtful researcher and a transmitter and intermediary between the ancient Greek natural philosophers and physicians and the "moderns," for whom he founded two forward-looking, interlinked sciences: modern physiology and nascent cardiology. Harvey's methodology and demonstrations were of such fundamental and standardizing nature as to secure the sure progress of these two sciences. Thus, he rendered to them such a service as Descartes's cogito ergo sum furnished to Philosophy in giving it a rational standard of certainty, for want of which the more speculative minds of that era were inundated with extraordinary conjectures. If Harvey disproved Galen, he absorbed and continued in his physiologic research many a principle from Aristotle, whose supreme disciple he remains. The guidance and authority of Aristotle were strong with him to the end. Harvey's account of the motions of the heart and blood in the circulation demonstrated that complex physiological systems can be represented in straightforward mechanical terms, a concept which has remained fundamental to the present day. The philosophical implication of William Harvey's discovery of the circulation of the blood was the resolute application of the experimental method to cardiology. In my judgment, he established today's forward-looking discipline of translational cardiovascular research. In due course, he should be widely acknowledged to have done so. © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Preparation and characterization of AuNPs/CNTs-ErGO electrochemical sensors for highly sensitive detection of hydrazine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Zhenting; Sun, Yongjiao; Li, Pengwei; Zhang, Wendong; Lian, Kun; Hu, Jie; Chen, Yong

    2016-09-01

    A highly sensitive electrochemical sensor of hydrazine has been fabricated by Au nanoparticles (AuNPs) coating of carbon nanotubes-electrochemical reduced graphene oxide composite film (CNTs-ErGO) on glassy carbon electrode (GCE). Cyclic voltammetry and potential amperometry have been used to investigate the electrochemical properties of the fabricated sensors for hydrazine detection. The performances of the sensors were optimized by varying the CNTs to ErGO ratio and the quantity of Au nanoparticles. The results show that under optimal conditions, a sensitivity of 9.73μAμM(-1)cm(-2), a short response time of 3s, and a low detection limit of 0.065μM could be achieved with a linear concentration response range from 0.3μM to 319μM. The enhanced electrochemical performances could be attributed to the synergistic effect between AuNPs and CNTs-ErGO film and the outstanding catalytic effect of the Au nanoparticles. Finally, the sensor was successfully used to analyse the tap water, showing high potential for practical applications. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  10. Historical time-recessive recombinant nucleotidal gene transfer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norton, Michael A.

    2013-10-01

    Whether conscious of it or not, physicist Tim Berners-Lee basically applied principle of a nuclear chain reaction to electron transport, a remarkable outcome being the world wide web. On a less dense exponential than the nucleus, but still by out of control design (1999), the flow of electrons with high symmetry (hypertext) brought about astonishing new insights to the field. No one in the author's sphere of influence, including the author, ever learned or taught that such chain reactions have a time-recessive trajectory, such that key significant moments in the new science had impact not only the world at present, but on scale overlapping with ancestors. Dr. Chuck Darwin learned man indeed did arise in Africa (brown toastmasters); author suggests his creed ``survival of the fittest'' in post-20th century hindsight, for man initialized nuclear energy in Eurasia (white toastmasters), and nearly brought the world to collapse by dropping nuclear weapons on humans in Asia (yellow toastmasters), be best updated ``survival of the most communicative.'' If true, this informs that the measure of the appended science's power is as equally as important as the measure of its speed, ergo, there really is no energy crisis.

  11. The exergy underground coal gasification technology for power generation and chemical applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blinderman, M.S. [Ergo Exergy Technologies Inc., Montreal, PQ (Canada)

    2006-07-01

    Underground coal gasification (UCG) is a gasification process carried out in non-mined coal seams using injection and production wells drilled from the surface, converting coal in situ into a product gas usable for chemical processes and power generation. The UCG process developed, refined and practised by Ergo Exergy Technologies is called the Exergy UCG Technology or {epsilon}UCG{trademark} technology. This paper describes the technology and its applications. The {epsilon}UCG technology is being applied in numerous power generation and chemical projects worldwide, some of which are described. These include power projects in South Africa, India, Pakistan and Canada, as well as chemical projects in Australia and Canada. A number of {epsilon}UCG{trademark} based industrial projects are now at a feasibility usage in India, New Zealand, USA and Europe. An {epsilon}UCG{trademark} IGCC power plant will generate electricity at a much lower cost than existing fossil fuel power plants. CO{sub 2} emissions of the plant can be reduced to a level 55% less than those of a supercritical coal-fired plant and 25% less than the emissions of NG CC. 10 refs., 8 figs.

  12. A model for assessing the degree of importance of ergonomics criteria to human machine interface

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Araujo, Cesar Ribeiro de; Domech More, Jesus [Universidade Estacio de Sa do Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Mestrado em Desenvolvimento Empresarial - MADE]. E-mail: cesararaujobr@yahoo.com.br; jesus.more@estacio.br; Silva, Aretha Felix Thomaz da [Coordenacao dos Programas de Pos-graduacao de Engenharia (COPPE/UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Programa de Engenharia Civil. Sistemas Computacionais Orientados a Industria do Petroleo]. E-mail: aretha@coc.ufrj.br

    2007-07-01

    This paper intends to show a model to help us to incorporate ergonomics criteria into the usability of the human computer interface (HCI). The techniques based on fuzzy set theory are appropriate tools for the treatment of subjective and vague concepts that are inherent to usability for the HCI. The application consists of analysis concepts. This approach allows the use of natural language expressions of importance in ergonomics criteria estimation. The above-mentioned model shows the degree of importance of the ergonomics criteria present in the software interface used in the medical area. In this work, as entry data, the system developer opinions are used and as a result we had the hierarchy of 18 ergonomic criteria. The ergonomic criteria are those already validated by the market, which are linked to the ErgoList checklists. The fuzzy model created will allow knowing the most important criteria to health governmental companies. Its Information Technology (IT) professionals will concentrate efforts when treating the usability of the software interface and its systems. (author)

  13. A model for assessing the degree of importance of ergonomics criteria to human machine interface

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Araujo, Cesar Ribeiro de; Domech More, Jesus; Silva, Aretha Felix Thomaz da

    2007-01-01

    This paper intends to show a model to help us to incorporate ergonomics criteria into the usability of the human computer interface (HCI). The techniques based on fuzzy set theory are appropriate tools for the treatment of subjective and vague concepts that are inherent to usability for the HCI. The application consists of analysis concepts. This approach allows the use of natural language expressions of importance in ergonomics criteria estimation. The above-mentioned model shows the degree of importance of the ergonomics criteria present in the software interface used in the medical area. In this work, as entry data, the system developer opinions are used and as a result we had the hierarchy of 18 ergonomic criteria. The ergonomic criteria are those already validated by the market, which are linked to the ErgoList checklists. The fuzzy model created will allow knowing the most important criteria to health governmental companies. Its Information Technology (IT) professionals will concentrate efforts when treating the usability of the software interface and its systems. (author)

  14. INDIVIDUALIZATION FACTORS OF STUDENTS’ PHYSICAL EDUCATION AT MODERN STAGE OF ITS REALIZATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.A. Druz

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: determination of main conditions for complying individual potentials of physical condition and students’ physical fitness for practicing appropriate kind of sports. Material: In the research students attending sport circles participated (n=960. Sport qualification of the participants was in the range from beginners to international masters of sports. The contingent of the tested consisted of different age groups and sport specializations. Results: for satisfaction of students’ individual interests to definite kinds of sports it is necessary to have professional graphs of motor functioning in sports and ergo-graphic characteristic of competition exercises. Students shall have information about their physical condition and physical fitness. Besides, it is necessary to have the data about students’ current physical condition, which determines students’ workability. Passport data about medium of motor functioning and individual’s physical potentials permit to find adequacy of combining and success of object-medium interaction. It results in enthusiasm in practicing certain kind of sports. Conclusions: The presence of adequate compliance between determined analytical links of physiological processes of individual’s adaptive behavior and requirements to the chosen medium of sport functioning permits to maximally effectively solve the problems of students’ physical education’s individualization.

  15. THE EVALUATION OF BSE BAHASA INGGRIS FOR GRADE VII: WHEN ENGLISH RINGS A BELL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doddy Dwi Wahyuwono

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Coursebooks are core parts of any curriculum as the unique contributors to content learning (Demir & Ertas, 2014. Currently, in Indonesian curriculum, K13, the government develops coursebooks that can be used by students nationally. The developed coursebooks, Buku Sekolah Elektronik (BSE, vary for different level of education, starting from elementary schools up to senior and vocational high schools. In developing the coursebooks, the government needs to implement the coursebooks to the real life situation and also evaluate them. In this paper, the researchers try to evaluate a coursebook used in English class for Junior High School students grade VII. The evaluation is done through two ways, the theory-based analysis and checklist-based analysis. The used evaluative theories are made by Cunningsworth and the Checklist is made by Mukundan, Nimehchisalem, and Hajimohammadi. The findings show that the coursebook has met the requirements of learners‘ needs stated in the K13; however, there are still some aspects that can use some further improvement, such as the design, materials‘ authenticity, and so on. Ergo, in corresponding to the findings, the suggestions can be given to two parties, the developers and the teachers. The developers are hoped to take the evaluation results into account as the crucial points for future improvement and the teachers are hoped to not solely depend on the coursebook itself, but creatively look for extra materials.

  16. Development of ergonomics audits for bagging, haul truck and maintenance and repair operations in mining.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dempsey, Patrick G; Pollard, Jonisha; Porter, William L; Mayton, Alan; Heberger, John R; Gallagher, Sean; Reardon, Leanna; Drury, Colin G

    2017-12-01

    The development and testing of ergonomics and safety audits for small and bulk bag filling, haul truck and maintenance and repair operations in coal preparation and mineral processing plants found at surface mine sites is described. The content for the audits was derived from diverse sources of information on ergonomics and safety deficiencies including: analysis of injury, illness and fatality data and reports; task analysis; empirical laboratory studies of particular tasks; field studies and observations at mine sites; and maintenance records. These diverse sources of information were utilised to establish construct validity of the modular audits that were developed for use by mine safety personnel. User and interrater reliability testing was carried out prior to finalising the audits. The audits can be implemented using downloadable paper versions or with a free mobile NIOSH-developed Android application called ErgoMine. Practitioner Summary: The methodology used to develop ergonomics audits for three types of mining operations is described. Various sources of audit content are compared and contrasted to serve as a guide for developing ergonomics audits for other occupational contexts.

  17. Effect of music tempo on exercise performance and heart rate among young adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thakare, Avinash E; Mehrotra, Ranjeeta; Singh, Ayushi

    2017-01-01

    Music captures attention, triggers a range of emotions, alters or regulates mood, increases work output, heightens arousal, induces states of higher functioning, reduces inhibitions and encourages rhythmic movement. Music has ergo-genic effect as well, it increases exercise performance, delays fatigue and increases performance and endurance, power and strength. Our study tried to evaluate the effect of music on exercise performance in young untrained subjects. In this study, we tested the effect of music on sub maximal exercise performance time duration in young adults. 25 Male and 25 females were subjected to standard submaximal exercise with and without music. Resting HR and Max. HR during exercise and the exercise time duration was recorded. Total exercise duration in whole group with music (37.12 ± 16.26** min) was significantly greater than exercise duration without music (22.48 ± 10.26 min). Males (42.4 ± 15.6** min) outperformed significantly better than females (31.84 ± 15.48 min). Also, we observed statistically significant higher values of Maximal heart rate with music than without music. But there was no significant correlation between duration of exercise, music and change in Heart rate. We can conclude that Music increases duration of exercise in both sexes and hence endurance.

  18. The Vasa Homolog RDE-12 engages target mRNA and multiple argonaute proteins to promote RNAi in C. elegans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shirayama, Masaki; Stanney, William; Gu, Weifeng; Seth, Meetu; Mello, Craig C

    2014-04-14

    Argonaute (AGO) proteins are key nuclease effectors of RNAi. Although purified AGOs can mediate a single round of target RNA cleavage in vitro, accessory factors are required for small interfering RNA (siRNA) loading and to achieve multiple-target turnover. To identify AGO cofactors, we immunoprecipitated the C. elegans AGO WAGO-1, which engages amplified small RNAs during RNAi. These studies identified a robust association between WAGO-1 and a conserved Vasa ATPase-related protein RDE-12. rde-12 mutants are deficient in RNAi, including viral suppression, and fail to produce amplified secondary siRNAs and certain endogenous siRNAs (endo-siRNAs). RDE-12 colocalizes with WAGO-1 in germline P granules and in cytoplasmic and perinuclear foci in somatic cells. These findings and our genetic studies suggest that RDE-12 is first recruited to target mRNA by upstream AGOs (RDE-1 and ERGO-1), where it promotes small RNA amplification and/or WAGO-1 loading. Downstream of these events, RDE-12 forms an RNase-resistant (target mRNA-independent) complex with WAGO-1 and may thus have additional functions in target mRNA surveillance and silencing. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Participatory ergonomics among female cashiers from a department store.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cristancho, María Yanire León

    2012-01-01

    The objective of this paper was to control ergonomic risks among female cashiers working in a department store belonging to the retail market. This study was conducted between May and November 2010. Participatory ergonomics was applied through knowing and understanding how the company works, establishing the work team (Ergo group), training the team in ergonomics-related topics, and making decisions and interventions. The sample was composed of 71 participants--mostly female cashiers--, and all of them have a musculoskeletal compromise, declaring pain or discomfort mainly in the neck, lower back, right wrist and shoulders. Among others, following problems were found: postural overload, repetitive work, manual load handling, mental fatigue, environmental discomfort, variable work schedules, extended working days, and absence of breaks. In the intervention, the main implemented changes were the redesign of workstation, complete change of chairs and keyboards, and the implementation of a rotation system, as well breaks for compensatory exercises. After that, an evident improvement of found problems was observed, therefore it can be concluded that participatory ergonomics is an attractive methodology, appropriate and efficient for solving and controlling ergonomic risks and problems.

  20. Energy performance contracting - energy saving potential of selected energy conservation measures (ECM)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johansson, M [Dansk Energi Analyse A/S, Frederiksberg (Denmark); Langkilde, G; Olesen, Bjarne W [Technical Univ. of Denmark, ICIEE, Kgs. Lyngby (Denmark); Moerck, O [Cenergia Energy Consultants, Herlev (Denmark); Sundman, O [DONG Energy, Copenhagen (Denmark); Engelund Thomsen, K [Aalborg Univ., SBi, Hoersholm (Denmark)

    2008-09-15

    This report has been developed under the research project 'Etablering af grundlag for energitjenester i Danmark' (project number: ENS-33031-0185) under the Danish research programme - EFP. The objective of this project has been to contribute to the utilisation of the large potential for energy conservations in the building sector within the public, industry and service sectors through the development of a better basis for decision making for both the Energy Service Companies (ESCOes) and the building owners. The EU directive on Energy Service Contracting points at the buildings as the area where the biggest potential market for energy services and energy efficiency improvements are. The EFP-project has two parts: (1) A Danish part and (2) participation in the international cooperation project 'Holistic Assesment Tool-Kit on Energy Efficient Retrofit Measures for Government Buildings (EnERGo)', Annex 46 under the IEA R and D program 'Energy Conservation In Buildings And Community Systems' (ECBCS). This report describes the Danish contributions to the IEA projects subtask B, which has a primary objective to develop a database of energy conservation measures (ECM) with descriptions and performance characteristics of these. (au)

  1. IMPROVING AIRCRAFT PARTS DUE TO USING NANO-COMPOSITE AND MICRO-COMPOSITE MATERIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hassany Merhdad Boer

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper it is investigated how to make composite carbon nanofiber/ epoxy resin and carbon micro-fiber / epoxy resin. Also, these materials' features are compared and it is shown how effective and benefitial are the received products containing carbon nano- and micro-fibers.In this study, epoxy composites were prepared in order to improve their mechanical and electrical properties. Ergo, carbon nanofibers and carbon microfibers were used as fillers. On the one hand, purchased microfibers were incorporatedinto the epoxy resin to produce epoxy/carbon microfiber composites via mechanical mixing at 1800 rpm in different concentrations (0.0125, 0.0225, 0.05, and 0.1.On the other hand, carbon nanofibers were prepared via electrospining method at room temperature, then epoxy/carbon nanofiber nanocomposites were prepared at mixing temperature of 60 °C at 1200 rpm at different concentrations (0.0125, 0.05, and 0.1.Morphology of samples was investigated via Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM. Mechanical properties of samples were investigated via tensile and bending tests. Tensile test results revealed that incorporation of 0.0125 wt% carbon naofibers increased the epoxy resins modulus about 200%. Bending strength of sample containing 0.1wt% carbon microfibers had the most increment (from 20 to 100 MPa.

  2. An exploratory study of barriers to inclusion in the European workplace.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moody, Louise; Saunders, Janet; Leber, Marjan; Wójcik-Augustyniak, Marzena; Szajczyk, Marek; Rebernik, Nataša

    2017-10-01

    The European Disability Strategy (2010-2020) seeks to significantly raise the proportion of people with disabilities working in the open labour market. The ERGO WORK project is a collaboration of academic and industrial partners in six European countries, focused on understanding and tackling barriers to workplace inclusion for workers with disabilities. This study sought to explore the perceptions and needs of stakeholders in terms of workplace adaptation to the needs of employees with disabilities. An exploratory online survey was completed by 480 participants across six countries. The analysis suggests that workplaces could be further improved to meet the needs of employees with considerable scope for training within companies to raise awareness about employees' needs, employers' obligations and workplace adaptation. This snapshot suggests there is still a gap between intent and reality in workplace inclusion and further strategies are needed to improve the opportunities for employees with disabilities. The paper argues that ergonomics may have a key role to play in tackling these challenges and adapting the workplace environment and job design to suit the needs of individual employees. Implications for rehabilitation This study suggests there is considerable scope for workplace adaptation and improvements to meet the needs of employees with disabilities. Employers need and want further specialist practitioner guidance to facilitate workplace inclusion and support adaptation to individual needs. Organisations would benefit from training to raise awareness about potential solutions and approaches that would support more widespread employment of people with disabilities.

  3. Coding Pi Science Day | 7-8 October

    CERN Multimedia

    2016-01-01

    Are you a science or technology teacher, or a student between 12 and 18 years old with a strong interest in science?   The CERN Micro Club and CERN IdeaSquare (in partnership with Google Education and EU Code Week) is organising an exceptional educational event around three scientific kits based upon the Raspberry Pi mini-computer: The Poppy Ergo Jr Robotic Arm, invented by the Flowers project team at Inria Bordeaux Sud-Ouest Research Center, ENSTA Paris Tech (French Institut national de recherche en informatique et en automatique).   The Muon Hunter Cosmic Ray Detector kit, designed as a partnership between Mihaly Vadai and members of the CERN Micro Club.   The Programmable Wifi car GianoPi, invented in partnership with the campus La Chataigneraie, for the École internationale de Genève.   >>> On Friday 7 October (from 18 h to 20 h): A free conference open to all (limited to an audience of 100 participants), during which you ...

  4. RTL validation methodology on high complexity wireless microcontroller using OVM technique for fast time to market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Nurul Zhafirah

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Increased demand in internet of thing (IOT application based has inadvertently forced the move towards higher complexity of integrated circuit supporting SoC. Such spontaneous increased in complexity poses unequivocal complicated validation strategies. Hence, the complexity allows researchers to come out with various exceptional methodologies in order to overcome this problem. This in essence brings about the discovery of dynamic verification, formal verification and hybrid techniques. In reserve, it is very important to discover bugs at infancy of verification process in (SoC in order to reduce time consuming and fast time to market for the system. Ergo, in this paper we are focusing on the methodology of verification that can be done at Register Transfer Level of SoC based on the AMBA bus design. On top of that, the discovery of others verification method called Open Verification Methodology (OVM brings out an easier way in RTL validation methodology neither as the replacement for the traditional method yet as an effort for fast time to market for the system. Thus, the method called OVM is proposed in this paper as the verification method for larger design to avert the disclosure of the bottleneck in validation platform.

  5. RTL validation methodology on high complexity wireless microcontroller using OVM technique for fast time to market

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhafirah Muhammad, Nurul; Harun, A.; Hambali, N. A. M. A.; Murad, S. A. Z.; Mohyar, S. N.; Isa, M. N.; Jambek, AB

    2017-11-01

    Increased demand in internet of thing (IOT) application based has inadvertently forced the move towards higher complexity of integrated circuit supporting SoC. Such spontaneous increased in complexity poses unequivocal complicated validation strategies. Hence, the complexity allows researchers to come out with various exceptional methodologies in order to overcome this problem. This in essence brings about the discovery of dynamic verification, formal verification and hybrid techniques. In reserve, it is very important to discover bugs at infancy of verification process in (SoC) in order to reduce time consuming and fast time to market for the system. Ergo, in this paper we are focusing on the methodology of verification that can be done at Register Transfer Level of SoC based on the AMBA bus design. On top of that, the discovery of others verification method called Open Verification Methodology (OVM) brings out an easier way in RTL validation methodology neither as the replacement for the traditional method yet as an effort for fast time to market for the system. Thus, the method called OVM is proposed in this paper as the verification method for larger design to avert the disclosure of the bottleneck in validation platform.

  6. On matters of mind and body: regarding Descartes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Urban, Elizabeth

    2018-04-01

    In this paper the author considers Descartes' place in current thinking about the mind-body dilemma. The premise here is that in the history of ideas, the questions posed can be as significant as the answers acquired. Descartes' paramount question was 'How do we determine certainty?' and his pursuit of an answer led to cogito ergo sum. His discovery simultaneously raised the question whether mind is separate from or unified with the body. Some who currently hold that brain and subjectivity are unified contend that the philosopher 'split' mind from body and refer to 'Descartes' error'. This paper puts forward that Descartes' detractors fail to recognise Descartes' contribution to Western thought, which was to introduce the Enlightenment and to give a place to human subjectivity. Added to this, evidence from Descartes' correspondence with Princess Elisabeth of Bohemia supports the conclusion that Descartes did in fact believe in the unity of mind and body although he could not reconcile this rationally with the certainty from personal experience that they were separate substances. In this Descartes was engaged in just the same dilemma as that of current thinkers and researchers, a conflict which still is yet to be resolved. © 2018, The Society of Analytical Psychology.

  7. Specific descriptions of functional providing of the special endurance of boxers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.B. Kiprich

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to determine the specific characteristics of functional and metabolic support of special endurance of qualified boxers. Material: in research took part 16 boxers of high qualification at the age of 19-26 years. To estimate special endurance is used technique of detection the basic parameters of performance boxers "Spuderg-10." To estimate the response of cardiorespiratory system during the test "3x3" is used portable ergo-spirometry complex «Meta Max 3B» (Cortex, Germany. Results: It is shown that the range of individual distinctions of indexes of capacity and functional providing of the special endurance increased in every round under act of accumulation of fatigue. It is related to distinctions of kinetics of the cardiorespiratory system (by the increase of pulmonary ventilation in the first round, by the consumption of О 2 (by a capacity for the achievement of VO 2 max - in the second and by power of reaction of respiratory indemnification of metabolic acidosis - in the third. These distinctions are registered in default of reliable distinctions of quantitative descriptions of acidemic changes in an organism, increasing in the process of the test job processing. Conclusions: in different periods (rounds in boxers high grade found differences of manifestation and combinations of properties features of functional readiness.

  8. Análisis de los riesgos musculoesqueléticos asociados a los trabajos de ferrallas: Buenas prácticas Musculoskeletal risks analysis related to steel reinforcement works: Good practices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mónica López Alonso

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Los problemas musculo-esquelético suponen un 45% de las lesiones profesionales. Concretamente, los trabajadores que trabajan en las distintas actividades relacionadas con la producción y puesta en obra de la ferralla están expuestos a una gran cantidad de riesgos musculoesqueleticos. En este trabajo, se revisan detalladamente los riesgos ergonómicos de tipo físico de los ferrallistas. Este estudio permite comprobar que la normativa española en vigor desde 1997 (trasposición de la Directiva Europea sobre Seguridad y Salud en obras de construcción, no está corrigiendo los múltiples factores de riesgo musculoesqueléticos de estos trabajadores. Se propone para el análisis de dichos riesgos musculo-esqueléticos, la utilización de diversas metodologías ergonómicas. Una es el método Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo para el estudio de la manipulación de cargas y, por otro lado, el método ERGO/ IBV desarrollado por el Instituto de Biomecánica de Valencia para el análisis de las posturas de movimientos repetitivos. El uso de dichas herramientas, permitirán el diseño de nuevos métodos de trabajo que disminuyan los riesgos analizados. Posteriormente, tras la identificación del elevado número de riesgos muculoesqueléticos, se definen una serie de BUENAS PRÁCTICAS para estos trabajadores expuestos a unas condiciones de trabajos muy exigentes y con escasa cultura preventiva.The MSD -musculoskeletal disorders- represent 45% of labour injuries. Specifically, construction workers involved in the different activities linked to steel reinforcement for an insitu concrete are exposed to a high rate of such injuries. This paper reviews in detail the physical risks of the iron worker, installing steel reinforcement for an insitu concrete pour. This study has revealed that the Spanish legislation, enforced since 1997 (transposing the European Directive on the implementation of minimum safety and health requirements at

  9. Accuracy of Jump-Mat Systems for Measuring Jump Height.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pueo, Basilio; Lipinska, Patrycja; Jiménez-Olmedo, José M; Zmijewski, Piotr; Hopkins, Will G

    2017-08-01

    Vertical-jump tests are commonly used to evaluate lower-limb power of athletes and nonathletes. Several types of equipment are available for this purpose. To compare the error of measurement of 2 jump-mat systems (Chronojump-Boscosystem and Globus Ergo Tester) with that of a motion-capture system as a criterion and to determine the modifying effect of foot length on jump height. Thirty-one young adult men alternated 4 countermovement jumps with 4 squat jumps. Mean jump height and standard deviations representing technical error of measurement arising from each device and variability arising from the subjects themselves were estimated with a novel mixed model and evaluated via standardization and magnitude-based inference. The jump-mat systems produced nearly identical measures of jump height (differences in means and in technical errors of measurement ≤1 mm). Countermovement and squat-jump height were both 13.6 cm higher with motion capture (90% confidence limits ±0.3 cm), but this very large difference was reduced to small unclear differences when adjusted to a foot length of zero. Variability in countermovement and squat-jump height arising from the subjects was small (1.1 and 1.5 cm, respectively, 90% confidence limits ±0.3 cm); technical error of motion capture was similar in magnitude (1.7 and 1.6 cm, ±0.3 and ±0.4 cm), and that of the jump mats was similar or smaller (1.2 and 0.3 cm, ±0.5 and ±0.9 cm). The jump-mat systems provide trustworthy measurements for monitoring changes in jump height. Foot length can explain the substantially higher jump height observed with motion capture.

  10. Conservative treatment and rehabilitation of shoulder problems; Konservative Therapie und Rehabilitation von Schulterbeschwerden

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paternostro-Sluga, T.; Zoech, C. [Klinik fuer Physikalische Medizin und Rehabilitation, Allgemeines Krankenhaus der Medizinischen Universitaet Wien (Austria)

    2004-06-01

    The shoulder joint has an important influence on arm- and handfunction. Therefore, activities of daily living, working and leisure time can be negatively influenced by diseases of the shoulder joint. Problems of the shoulder joint can be induced by muscular dysbalance and poor body posture. There is a strong relationship between shoulder function and body posture. Conservative treatment and rehabilitation of the shoulder joint aims at improving the local dysfunction of the shoulder joint as well as at improving function and social participation. Antiinflammatory and pain medication, exercise, occupational, electro-, ultrasound and shock wave therapy, massage, thermotherapy and pulsed electromagnetic fields are used as conservative treatments. Exercise therapy aims at improving muscular performance, joint mobility and body posture. Occupational therapy aims at improving functional movements for daily living and work. Electrotherapy is primarily used to relieve pain. Shock wave and ultrasound therapy proved to be an effective treatment for patients with calcific tendinitis. The subacromial impingement syndrome can be effectively treated by conservative therapy. (orig.) [German] Aufgrund der zentralen Rolle des Schultergelenks fuer die Arm- und Handfunktion koennen Erkrankungen des Schultergelenks zu einer erheblichen Beeintraechtigung in Alltag, Beruf und Freizeit fuehren. Muskulaere Dysbalancen und Fehlhaltungen sind haeufige Ursachen fuer Schulterbeschwerden. Es besteht eine enge Beziehung zwischen Schulterfunktion und Koerperhaltung. Therapieziele in der konservativen Behandlung und Rehabilitation sind neben der Verbesserung der lokalen Situation das Wiedererlangen der Funktion und sozialen Partizipation. Zu den konservativen Therapiemassnahmen zaehlen medikamentoese, Bewegungs-, Ergo-, Elektro-, Ultraschall- und Stosswellentherapie, Massage, Thermo- und Magnetfeldtherapie. Muskulaere Dysbalancen und Fehlhaltungen sind durch bewegungstherapeutische Massnahmen gut

  11. Analysis of a risk prevention document using dependability techniques: a first step towards an effectiveness model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrer, Laetitia; Curt, Corinne; Tacnet, Jean-Marc

    2018-04-01

    Major hazard prevention is a main challenge given that it is specifically based on information communicated to the public. In France, preventive information is notably provided by way of local regulatory documents. Unfortunately, the law requires only few specifications concerning their content; therefore one can question the impact on the general population relative to the way the document is concretely created. Ergo, the purpose of our work is to propose an analytical methodology to evaluate preventive risk communication document effectiveness. The methodology is based on dependability approaches and is applied in this paper to the Document d'Information Communal sur les Risques Majeurs (DICRIM; in English, Municipal Information Document on Major Risks). DICRIM has to be made by mayors and addressed to the public to provide information on major hazards affecting their municipalities. An analysis of law compliance of the document is carried out thanks to the identification of regulatory detection elements. These are applied to a database of 30 DICRIMs. This analysis leads to a discussion on points such as usefulness of the missing elements. External and internal function analysis permits the identification of the form and content requirements and service and technical functions of the document and its components (here its sections). Their results are used to carry out an FMEA (failure modes and effects analysis), which allows us to define the failure and to identify detection elements. This permits the evaluation of the effectiveness of form and content of each components of the document. The outputs are validated by experts from the different fields investigated. Those results are obtained to build, in future works, a decision support model for the municipality (or specialised consulting firms) in charge of drawing up documents.

  12. Alterations in strength of the shoulder rotators in young elite swimmers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Antonio Meliscki

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction: Shoulder muscle strength imbalance is considered a risk factor for shoulder injuries in athletes, especially in sports involving arm movements above the head. Objective: To assess the strength of the external rotators (ER and internal rotators (IR of the shoulder in elite swimmers, to determine possible differences between the dominant and non-dominant limbs, and to calculate the shoulder IR/ER ratio. Methods: Fifteen athletes participated in the study from age 20 ± 2 years, mass of 76 ± 4 kg, stature of 1.83 ± 4 cm, and BMI of 22 ± 1 kg/m2. Duration of practice of 10.74 ± 4.03 years; training frequency 5.95 ± 0.22 days/week, 2.07 ± 0.41 hours/day; and weekly number of meters swum 34.905. An isometric dynamometer (Globus Ergo System®, Codognè, Italy was used to assess ER and IR strength. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics (mean and standard deviation, paired-sample t-test, Pearson’s correlation coefficient and the Statistical Package for Social Sciences software (SPSS, version 16.0. Results: IR and ER strength was lower in the left than in the right shoulder of the swimmers (p < 0.05. Additionally, ER strength ratio was higher than IR strength ratio (p < 0.05. Conclusion: The results showed that the swimmers had an alteration of the shoulder ER/IR ratio, especially in the dominant limb.

  13. Computer-assisted electrochemical fabrication of a highly selective and sensitive amperometric nitrite sensor based on surface decoration of electrochemically reduced graphene oxide nanosheets with CoNi bimetallic alloy nanoparticles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gholivand, Mohammad-Bagher; Jalalvand, Ali R.; Goicoechea, Hector C.

    2014-01-01

    For the first time, a novel, robust and very attractive statistical experimental design (ED) using minimum-run equireplicated resolution IV factorial design (Min-Run Res IV FD) coupled with face centered central composite design (FCCCD) and Derringer's desirability function (DF) was developed to fabricate a highly selective and sensitive amperometric nitrite sensor based on electrodeposition of CoNi bimetallic alloy nanoparticles (NPs) on electrochemically reduced graphene oxide (ERGO) nanosheets. The modifications were characterized by cyclic voltammetry (CV), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopic (EDS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) techniques. The CoNi bimetallic alloy NPs were characterized using digital image processing (DIP) for particle counting (density estimation) and average diameter measurement. Under the identified optimal conditions, the novel sensor detects nitrite in concentration ranges of 0.1–30.0 μM and 30.0–330.0 μM with a limit of detection (LOD) of 0.05 μM. This sensor selectively detects nitrite even in the presence of high concentration of common ions and biological interferents therefore, we found that the sensor is highly selective. The sensor also demonstrated an excellent operational stability and good antifouling properties. The proposed sensor was used to the determination of nitrite in several foodstuff and water samples. - Highlights: • Eight variables were screened by Min Run Res IV FD to identify the key variables. • Mathematical models for the two studied responses were developed by FCCCD. • By using DF the responses were optimized simultaneously. • The SEM image of the modified electrode was processed by digital image processing. • The sensor was successfully applied to determination of nitrite in real samples

  14. Analysis of a risk prevention document using dependability techniques: a first step towards an effectiveness model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Ferrer

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available Major hazard prevention is a main challenge given that it is specifically based on information communicated to the public. In France, preventive information is notably provided by way of local regulatory documents. Unfortunately, the law requires only few specifications concerning their content; therefore one can question the impact on the general population relative to the way the document is concretely created. Ergo, the purpose of our work is to propose an analytical methodology to evaluate preventive risk communication document effectiveness. The methodology is based on dependability approaches and is applied in this paper to the Document d'Information Communal sur les Risques Majeurs (DICRIM; in English, Municipal Information Document on Major Risks. DICRIM has to be made by mayors and addressed to the public to provide information on major hazards affecting their municipalities. An analysis of law compliance of the document is carried out thanks to the identification of regulatory detection elements. These are applied to a database of 30 DICRIMs. This analysis leads to a discussion on points such as usefulness of the missing elements. External and internal function analysis permits the identification of the form and content requirements and service and technical functions of the document and its components (here its sections. Their results are used to carry out an FMEA (failure modes and effects analysis, which allows us to define the failure and to identify detection elements. This permits the evaluation of the effectiveness of form and content of each components of the document. The outputs are validated by experts from the different fields investigated. Those results are obtained to build, in future works, a decision support model for the municipality (or specialised consulting firms in charge of drawing up documents.

  15. Effects of high dose coffee intake on aerobic power in dragon female athletes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shabani Ramin

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Background : There are few studies that consider the effect of high doses of caffeine on aerobic power (VO2max. Also, to date, no study examined the effect of coffee intake on dragon boat paddler specifically on women. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of espresso coffee on improvement of aerobic power of dragon boat paddler. Material : Twenty women athletes of Guilan dragon bout team members of Malavan club of port city of Anzali (mean ±SD age, 23.60± 3.49 years; BMI,23.77±1.88kg/m2; body fat, 30.32±4.65% were recruited to this study, after they completed a primary test without consuming any coffee, they consumed 6mg/kg of coffee (espresso or decaffeinated and following that they completed two experimental trials. A randomized, double-blind, repeated-measures, design was employed whereby paddlers complete a 2000m paddling dragon boat ergo-meter. Results : Coffee could improve VO2max (Without coffee =74.40± QUOTE 4.99, Espresso coffee =90.10± QUOTE 6.19, Decaffeinated coffee =91.00± QUOTE 5.67, P≤ QUOTE 0.05. VO2max amount after exercise were significantly higher for both espresso coffee and decaffeinated coffee, when compared with without coffee condition. No significant differences were observed between espresso coffee and decaffeinated coffee (P≤ QUOTE 0.05. Conclusion : The present study shows that both high doses of caffeine (espresso coffee and decaffeinated coffee can enhance VO2max during aerobic exercise including 2000m dragon boat paddling. It seems that some compounds except caffeine in decaffeinated coffee can act improve VO2max. Further studies needed for considering the effect of high doses of coffee on endurance exercises. Also in other age ranges of women athletes and other sport athletes.

  16. Restricted Inter-ocean Exchange and Attenuated Biological Export Caused Enhanced Carbonate Preservation in the PETM Ocean

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Y.; Boudreau, B. P.; Dickens, G. R.; Sluijs, A.; Middelburg, J. J.

    2015-12-01

    Carbon dioxide (CO2) release during the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM, 55.8 Myr BP) acidified the oceans, causing a decrease in calcium carbonate (CaCO3) preservation. During the subsequent recovery from this acidification, the sediment CaCO3 content came to exceed pre-PETM values, known as over-deepening or over-shooting. Past studies claim to explain these trends, but have failed to reproduce quantitatively the time series of CaCO3 preservation. We employ a simple biogeochemical model to recreate the CaCO3 records preserved at Walvis Ridge of the Atlantic Ocean. Replication of the observed changes, both shallowing and the subsequent over-deepening, requires two conditions not previously considered: (1) limited deep-water exchange between the Indo-Atlantic and Pacific oceans and (2) a ~50% reduction in the export of CaCO3 to the deep sea during acidification. Contrary to past theories that attributed over-deepening to increased riverine alkalinity input, we find that over-deepening is an emergent property, generated at constant riverine input when attenuation of CaCO3 export causes an unbalanced alkalinity input to the deep oceans (alkalinization) and the development of deep super-saturation. Restoration of CaCO3 export, particularly in the super-saturated deep Indo-Atlantic ocean, later in the PETM leads to greater accumulation of carbonates, ergo over-shooting, which returns the ocean to pre-PETM conditions over a time scale greater than 200 kyr. While this feedback between carbonate export and the riverine input has not previously been considered, it appears to constitute an important modification of the classic carbonate compensation concept used to explain oceanic response to acidification.

  17. DDoS Attacks as Political Assemblages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robbie Fordyce

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available This article seeks to unpack the idea of the automaton as a figure of political dissent within technological networks. The idea of the automaton is that of a body where the concepts of life, agency, and subjectivity are in question; these questions have made the automaton into an important element in the projects of Enlightenment humanism and as an unspoken element in posthumanist examination of the cyborg. The figure of the automaton is an expression of Cartesian mind-body dualism that reverses the idea of cogito ergo sum, by questioning the intentionality that lies behind the acts of another body. The body exists, but does it think? This article is not concerned with the idea of the automaton as an object of transcendental dualism, but rather aims to investigate this idea in terms of its immanence within network communication. The automaton is an idea that deliberately complicates the relationship between machines and individuals within a network, without prioritising either perspective. As Alan Turing shows, we cannot predict whether a computer on a network (or other machine is being used by a human agent, or whether the machine is simply programmed to act autonomously. The issue is then, are the actions of political dissent of a single node on a computer network the product of an independent agent working in tandem within a democratic framework? Or, is it the reverse: are these acts of political dissidence the automated actions of a small number of individuals exploiting systems of automation in order to achieve political goals? If we use the automaton to stand in as a figure that is neither entirely human nor entirely cyborgean, then certain concerns of network politics and assumptions about the democratic nature of network communications become destabilised.

  18. Private equity ownership and nursing home financial performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pradhan, Rohit; Weech-Maldonado, Robert; Harman, Jeffrey S; Laberge, Alex; Hyer, Kathryn

    2013-01-01

    Private equity has acquired multiple large nursing home chains within the last few years; by 2009, it owned nearly 1,900 nursing homes. Private equity is said to improve the financial performance of acquired facilities. However, no study has yet examined the financial performance of private equity nursing homes, ergo this study. The primary purpose of this study is to understand the financial performance of private equity nursing homes and how it compares with other investor-owned facilities. It also seeks to understand the approach favored by private equity to improve financial performance-for instance, whether they prefer to cut costs or maximize revenues or follow a mixed approach. Secondary data from Medicare cost reports, the Online Survey, Certification and Reporting, Area Resource File, and Brown University's Long-term Care Focus data set are combined to construct a longitudinal data set for the study period 2000-2007. The final sample is 2,822 observations after eliminating all not-for-profit, independent, and hospital-based facilities. Dependent financial variables consist of operating revenues and costs, operating and total margins, payer mix (census Medicare, census Medicaid, census other), and acuity index. Independent variables primarily reflect private equity ownership. The study was analyzed using ordinary least squares, gamma distribution with log link, logit with binomial family link, and logistic regression. Private equity nursing homes have higher operating margin as well as total margin; they also report higher operating revenues and costs. No significant differences in payer mix are noted. Results suggest that private equity delivers superior financial performance compared with other investor-owned nursing homes. However, causes for concern remain particularly with the long-term financial sustainability of these facilities.

  19. Pedagogical tools to explore Cartesian mind-body dualism in the classroom: philosophical arguments and neuroscience illusions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamilton, Scott; Hamilton, Trevor J.

    2015-01-01

    A fundamental discussion in lower-level undergraduate neuroscience and psychology courses is Descartes’s “radical” or “mind-body” dualism. According to Descartes, our thinking mind, the res cogitans, is separate from the body as physical matter or substance, the res extensa. Since the transmission of sensory stimuli from the body to the mind is a physical capacity shared with animals, it can be confused, misled, or uncertain (e.g., bodily senses imply that ice and water are different substances). True certainty thus arises from within the mind and its capacity to doubt physical stimuli. Since this doubting mind is a thinking thing that is distinct from bodily stimuli, truth and certainty are reached through the doubting mind as cogito ergo sum, or the certainty of itself as it thinks: hence Descartes’s famous maxim, I think, therefore I am. However, in the last century of Western philosophy, with nervous system investigation, and with recent advances in neuroscience, the potential avenues to explore student’s understanding of the epistemology and effects of Cartesian mind-body dualism has expanded. This article further explores this expansion, highlighting pedagogical practices and tools instructors can use to enhance a psychology student’s understanding of Cartesian dualistic epistemology, in order to think more critically about its implicit assumptions and effects on learning. It does so in two ways: first, by offering instructors an alternative philosophical perspective to dualistic thinking: a mind-body holism that is antithetical to the assumed binaries of dualistic epistemology. Second, it supplements this philosophical argument with a practical component: simple mind-body illusions that instructors may use to demonstrate contrary epistemologies to students. Combining these short philosophical and neuroscience arguments thereby acts as a pedagogical tool to open new conceptual spaces within which learning may occur. PMID:26321981

  20. SU-G-TeP2-12: IROCHouston and MDAPL SRS Anthropomorphic Phantom Results

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Molineu, A; Kry, S; Alvarez, P; Hernandez, N; Nguyen, T; Followill, D

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: To report the results of SRS phantom irradiations Methods: Anthropomorphic SRS head phantoms were sent to institutions participating in NCI sponsored SRS clinical trials and institutions interested in verifying SRS treatment delivery. The phantom shell was purchased from Phantom Laboratory and altered to house dosimetry and imaging inserts. The imaging insert has 1.9 cm diameter spherical target. The dosimetry insert holds two TLD capsules and radiochromic film in the coronal and sagittal planes through the center of the target. Institutions were asked to image, plan and treat the phantom as they would an SRS patient. GammaKnife, CyberKnife and c-arm accelerator institutions were asked to cover the target with 15 Gy, 20 Gy and 25 Gy, respectively. Following these guidelines and typical planning protocols for these three types of machines gives roughly 30 Gy to the center of the target for all units. Submission of the DICOM digital data set was required for analysis. Criteria of 5% for TLD results and 85% of pixels passing 5%/3mm gamma analysis were applied beginning in 2013. Results: The phantom was analyzed 269 times between the beginning of 2013 to present. The pass rate is 81%. Nineteen of the irradiation results failed only the TLD criteria, 19 failed only the film criteria and 12 failed both. Irradiations included 32 CyberKnife 23 GammaKnife, 3 TomoTherapy and 211 c-arm units. Planning systems included Eclipse, Ergo, GammaPlan, Hi-Art, iPlan, Monaco, MultiPlan, Pinnacle, RayStation, XiO and XKnife. Irradiations that were not accompanied with DICOM data were not included in this analysis. Conclusion: The phantom is a valuable end-to-end test used to independently verify the accuracy of SRS treatment delivery. This investigation was supported by IROC grant CA180803 awarded by the NCI.

  1. Scanning electrochemical microscopy of graphene/polymer hybrid thin films as supercapacitors: Physical-chemical interfacial processes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanju Gupta

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Hybrid electrode comprising an electric double-layer capacitor of graphene nanosheets and a pseudocapacitor of the electrically conducting polymers namely, polyaniline; PAni and polypyrrole; PPy are constructed that exhibited synergistic effect with excellent electrochemical performance as thin film supercapacitors for alternative energy. The hybrid supercapacitors were prepared by layer-by-layer (LbL assembly based on controlled electrochemical polymerization followed by reduction of graphene oxide electrochemically producing ErGO, for establishing intimate electronic contact through nanoscale architecture and chemical stability, producing a single bilayer of (PAni/ErGO1, (PPy/ErGO1, (PAni/GO1 and (PPy/GO1. The rationale design is to create thin films that possess interconnected graphene nanosheets (GNS with polymer nanostructures forming well-defined tailored interfaces allowing sufficient surface adsorption and faster ion transport due to short diffusion distances. We investigated their electrochemical properties and performance in terms of gravimetric specific capacitance, Cs, from cyclic voltammograms. The LbL-assembled bilayer films exhibited an excellent Cs of ≥350 F g−1 as compared with constituents (∼70 F g−1 at discharge current density of 0.3 A g−1 that outperformed many other hybrid supercapacitors. To gain deeper insights into the physical-chemical interfacial processes occurring at the electrode/electrolyte interface that govern their operation, we have used scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM technique in feedback and probe approach modes. We present our findings from viewpoint of reinforcing the role played by heterogeneous electrode surface composed of nanoscale graphene sheets (conducting and conducting polymers (semiconducting backbone with ordered polymer chains via higher/lower probe current distribution maps. Also targeted is SECM imaging that allowed to determine electrochemical (reactivity of surface ion

  2. Scanning electrochemical microscopy of graphene/polymer hybrid thin films as supercapacitors: Physical-chemical interfacial processes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gupta, Sanju, E-mail: sanju.gupta@wku.edu; Price, Carson [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Western Kentucky University, 1906 College Heights Blvd., Bowling Green, KY 42101-3576 (United States)

    2015-10-15

    Hybrid electrode comprising an electric double-layer capacitor of graphene nanosheets and a pseudocapacitor of the electrically conducting polymers namely, polyaniline; PAni and polypyrrole; PPy are constructed that exhibited synergistic effect with excellent electrochemical performance as thin film supercapacitors for alternative energy. The hybrid supercapacitors were prepared by layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly based on controlled electrochemical polymerization followed by reduction of graphene oxide electrochemically producing ErGO, for establishing intimate electronic contact through nanoscale architecture and chemical stability, producing a single bilayer of (PAni/ErGO){sub 1}, (PPy/ErGO){sub 1}, (PAni/GO){sub 1} and (PPy/GO){sub 1}. The rationale design is to create thin films that possess interconnected graphene nanosheets (GNS) with polymer nanostructures forming well-defined tailored interfaces allowing sufficient surface adsorption and faster ion transport due to short diffusion distances. We investigated their electrochemical properties and performance in terms of gravimetric specific capacitance, C{sub s}, from cyclic voltammograms. The LbL-assembled bilayer films exhibited an excellent C{sub s} of ≥350 F g{sup −1} as compared with constituents (∼70 F g{sup −1}) at discharge current density of 0.3 A g{sup −1} that outperformed many other hybrid supercapacitors. To gain deeper insights into the physical-chemical interfacial processes occurring at the electrode/electrolyte interface that govern their operation, we have used scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) technique in feedback and probe approach modes. We present our findings from viewpoint of reinforcing the role played by heterogeneous electrode surface composed of nanoscale graphene sheets (conducting) and conducting polymers (semiconducting) backbone with ordered polymer chains via higher/lower probe current distribution maps. Also targeted is SECM imaging that allowed to determine

  3. Scanning electrochemical microscopy of graphene/polymer hybrid thin films as supercapacitors: Physical-chemical interfacial processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Sanju; Price, Carson

    2015-10-01

    Hybrid electrode comprising an electric double-layer capacitor of graphene nanosheets and a pseudocapacitor of the electrically conducting polymers namely, polyaniline; PAni and polypyrrole; PPy are constructed that exhibited synergistic effect with excellent electrochemical performance as thin film supercapacitors for alternative energy. The hybrid supercapacitors were prepared by layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly based on controlled electrochemical polymerization followed by reduction of graphene oxide electrochemically producing ErGO, for establishing intimate electronic contact through nanoscale architecture and chemical stability, producing a single bilayer of (PAni/ErGO)1, (PPy/ErGO)1, (PAni/GO)1 and (PPy/GO)1. The rationale design is to create thin films that possess interconnected graphene nanosheets (GNS) with polymer nanostructures forming well-defined tailored interfaces allowing sufficient surface adsorption and faster ion transport due to short diffusion distances. We investigated their electrochemical properties and performance in terms of gravimetric specific capacitance, Cs, from cyclic voltammograms. The LbL-assembled bilayer films exhibited an excellent Cs of ≥350 F g-1 as compared with constituents (˜70 F g-1) at discharge current density of 0.3 A g-1 that outperformed many other hybrid supercapacitors. To gain deeper insights into the physical-chemical interfacial processes occurring at the electrode/electrolyte interface that govern their operation, we have used scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) technique in feedback and probe approach modes. We present our findings from viewpoint of reinforcing the role played by heterogeneous electrode surface composed of nanoscale graphene sheets (conducting) and conducting polymers (semiconducting) backbone with ordered polymer chains via higher/lower probe current distribution maps. Also targeted is SECM imaging that allowed to determine electrochemical (re)activity of surface ion adsorption sites

  4. Computer-assisted electrochemical fabrication of a highly selective and sensitive amperometric nitrite sensor based on surface decoration of electrochemically reduced graphene oxide nanosheets with CoNi bimetallic alloy nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gholivand, Mohammad-Bagher, E-mail: mbgholivand2013@gmail.com [Faculty of Chemistry, Razi University, Kermanshah 671496734 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Jalalvand, Ali R. [Faculty of Chemistry, Razi University, Kermanshah 671496734 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Laboratorio de Desarrollo Analítico y Quimiometría (LADAQ), Cátedra de Química Analítica I, Universidad Nacional del Litoral, Ciudad Universitaria, CC 242 (S3000ZAA), Santa Fe (Argentina); Goicoechea, Hector C. [Laboratorio de Desarrollo Analítico y Quimiometría (LADAQ), Cátedra de Química Analítica I, Universidad Nacional del Litoral, Ciudad Universitaria, CC 242 (S3000ZAA), Santa Fe (Argentina)

    2014-07-01

    For the first time, a novel, robust and very attractive statistical experimental design (ED) using minimum-run equireplicated resolution IV factorial design (Min-Run Res IV FD) coupled with face centered central composite design (FCCCD) and Derringer's desirability function (DF) was developed to fabricate a highly selective and sensitive amperometric nitrite sensor based on electrodeposition of CoNi bimetallic alloy nanoparticles (NPs) on electrochemically reduced graphene oxide (ERGO) nanosheets. The modifications were characterized by cyclic voltammetry (CV), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopic (EDS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) techniques. The CoNi bimetallic alloy NPs were characterized using digital image processing (DIP) for particle counting (density estimation) and average diameter measurement. Under the identified optimal conditions, the novel sensor detects nitrite in concentration ranges of 0.1–30.0 μM and 30.0–330.0 μM with a limit of detection (LOD) of 0.05 μM. This sensor selectively detects nitrite even in the presence of high concentration of common ions and biological interferents therefore, we found that the sensor is highly selective. The sensor also demonstrated an excellent operational stability and good antifouling properties. The proposed sensor was used to the determination of nitrite in several foodstuff and water samples. - Highlights: • Eight variables were screened by Min Run Res IV FD to identify the key variables. • Mathematical models for the two studied responses were developed by FCCCD. • By using DF the responses were optimized simultaneously. • The SEM image of the modified electrode was processed by digital image processing. • The sensor was successfully applied to determination of nitrite in real samples.

  5. Dataset for an analysis of communicative aspects of finance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalya Zavyalova

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The article describes a step-by-step strategy for designing a universal comprehensive vision of a vast majority of financial research topics. The strategy is focused around the analysis of the retrieval results of the word processing system Serelex which is based on the semantic similarity measure. While designing a research topic, scientists usually employ their individual background. They rely in most cases on their individual assumptions and hypotheses. The strategy, introduced in the article, highlights the method of identifying components of semantic maps which can lead to a better coverage of any scientific topic under analysis. On the example of the research field of finance we show the practical and theoretical value of semantic similarity measurements, i.e., a better coverage of the problems which might be included in the scientific analysis of financial field. At the designing stage of any research scientists are not immune to an insufficient and, thus, erroneous spectrum of problems under analysis. According to the famous maxima of St. Augustine, ‘Fallor ergo sum’, the researchers’ activities are driven along the way from one mistake to another. However, this might not be the case for the 21st century science approach. Our strategy offers an innovative methodology, according to which the number of mistakes at the initial stage of any research may be significantly reduced. The data, obtained, was used in two articles (N. Zavyalova, 2017 [7], (N. Zavyalova, 2015 [8]. The second stage of our experiment was driven towards analyzing the correlation between the language and income level of the respondents. The article contains the information about data processing.

  6. Work plan for vibration cable re-route and water flush system modifications for 107-AN mixer pump

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Leshikar, G.A.

    1995-01-01

    A mixer pump (75 horsepower Hazleton submersible) is to be installed in the central pump pit of Double-Shell Tank 241-AN-107 for the Caustic Addition Project. The mixer pump will be used as a platform to inject, mix, and entrain caustic with the waste, in order to bring the waste hydroxyl ion concentration into compliance with Tank Farm operating specifications. Testing of the mixer pump and caustic addition system revealed that the mixer pump's vibration cable picks up electromagnetic interference from the motor power cable during variable speed operation of the pump. Also, it was noted that the mixer pump's water flush system may not be as effective as desired. Ergo this work plan for improving the operation of these mixer pump subsystems. A new vibration cable shall be routed entirely outside the mixer pump support column pipe, up thru a new penetration in the pump mounting flange. The existing penetration in the side of the pipe is to be plugged. Increasing the distance between power and instrument cables may reduce or eliminate electromagnetic interference to the vibration monitor. The mixer pump water flush system shall be modified to allow pressure isolation of individual branches. A header is to be installed on the middle section of the support column. Each branch (there are three) shall contain a solenoid valve (normally open) to control flow into the branch. The solenoid cables shall be routed up thru three new penetrations in the pump mounting flange to a new electrical box mounted on the flange. The existing flush piping to the inlet screen will remain but the continuation of the flush piping to the pump discharge nozzles is to be removed and the tee plugged. New stainless steel tubing is to be run down to the pump discharge nozzles. Pressure isolation of individual branches will maximize the flush system's effectiveness at blasting potential sediment clogs out of the pump discharge nozzles

  7. Improving the efficiency of copper indium gallium (Di-)selenide (CIGS) solar cells through integration of a moth-eye textured resist with a refractive index similar to aluminum doped zinc oxide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burghoorn, M.; Kniknie, B.; Deelen, J. van; Ee, R. van [The Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research (TNO), De Rondom 1, 5612 AP, Eindhoven (Netherlands); Xu, M. [The Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research (TNO), De Rondom 1, 5612 AP, Eindhoven (Netherlands); Delft University of Technology, Optics Group, Van der Waalsweg 8, 2628 CH, Delft (Netherlands); Vroon, Z. [The Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research (TNO), De Rondom 1, 5612 AP, Eindhoven (Netherlands); Zuyd Hogeschool, Nieuw Eyckholt 300, 6419 DJ, Heerlen (Netherlands); Belt, R. van de [Kriya Materials BV, Urmonderbaan 22, 6167 RD, Geleen (Netherlands); Buskens, P., E-mail: pascal.buskens@tno.nl, E-mail: buskens@dwi.rwth-aachen.de [The Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research (TNO), De Rondom 1, 5612 AP, Eindhoven (Netherlands); DWI – Leibniz Institute for Interactive Materials, Forckenbeckstrasse 50, 52056, Aachen (Germany)

    2014-12-15

    Textured transparent conductors are widely used in thin-film silicon solar cells. They lower the reflectivity at interfaces between different layers in the cell and/or cause an increase in the path length of photons in the Si absorber layer, which both result in an increase in the number of absorbed photons and, consequently, an increase in short-circuit current density (J{sub sc}) and cell efficiency. Through optical simulations, we recently obtained strong indications that texturing of the transparent conductor in copper indium gallium (di-)selenide (CIGS) solar cells is also optically advantageous. Here, we experimentally demonstrate that the J{sub sc} and efficiency of CIGS solar cells with an absorber layer thickness (d{sub CIGS}) of 0.85 μm, 1.00 μm and 2.00 μm increase through application of a moth-eye textured resist with a refractive index that is sufficiently similar to AZO (n{sub resist} = 1.792 vs. n{sub AZO} = 1.913 at 633 nm) to avoid large optical losses at the resist-AZO interface. On average, J{sub sc} increases by 7.2%, which matches the average reduction in reflection of 7.0%. The average relative increase in efficiency is slightly lower (6.0%). No trend towards a larger relative increase in J{sub sc} with decreasing d{sub CIGS} was observed. Ergo, the increase in J{sub sc} can be fully explained by the reduction in reflection, and we did not observe any increase in J{sub sc} based on an increased photon path length.

  8. Improving the efficiency of copper indium gallium (Di-selenide (CIGS solar cells through integration of a moth-eye textured resist with a refractive index similar to aluminum doped zinc oxide

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Burghoorn

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Textured transparent conductors are widely used in thin-film silicon solar cells. They lower the reflectivity at interfaces between different layers in the cell and/or cause an increase in the path length of photons in the Si absorber layer, which both result in an increase in the number of absorbed photons and, consequently, an increase in short-circuit current density (Jsc and cell efficiency. Through optical simulations, we recently obtained strong indications that texturing of the transparent conductor in copper indium gallium (di-selenide (CIGS solar cells is also optically advantageous. Here, we experimentally demonstrate that the Jsc and efficiency of CIGS solar cells with an absorber layer thickness (dCIGS of 0.85 μm, 1.00 μm and 2.00 μm increase through application of a moth-eye textured resist with a refractive index that is sufficiently similar to AZO (nresist = 1.792 vs. nAZO = 1.913 at 633 nm to avoid large optical losses at the resist-AZO interface. On average, Jsc increases by 7.2%, which matches the average reduction in reflection of 7.0%. The average relative increase in efficiency is slightly lower (6.0%. No trend towards a larger relative increase in Jsc with decreasing dCIGS was observed. Ergo, the increase in Jsc can be fully explained by the reduction in reflection, and we did not observe any increase in Jsc based on an increased photon path length.

  9. Should the pulmonary scintigraphy of pre-surgery examination of bronchial carcinomas be made at rest or under effort?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    David, N.; Olivier, P.; Arsena, T.; Quiri, N.; Hassan, N.; Haouzi, P.; Borelly, J.; Marie, P.Y.; Karcher, G.; Bertrand, A.

    1997-01-01

    One of the key elements in deciding whether a patient, bearing a bronchial carcinoma, should be subject to a surgery is the predicted value of the post-surgery maximal exhaled volume per second (MEVS), usually determined by means of an at-rest pulmonary perfusion scintigraphy. At the same time, this parameter remains rather badly correlated to mortality and peri-surgical morbidity. The goal of this study was to determine whether under-effort pulmonary perfusion scintigraphy, i.e. in peri-surgical conditions gives different results in this case. Twenty patients bearing bronchial carcinoma have benefited by a pulmonary scintigraphy, successively, in the end of an exercise on ergo-metric bicycle and at rest. Two mCi of Tc-labelled macro-aggregate albumin were injected after effort, then 10 mCi one hour later, at rest. The homo-lateral lung perfusion to tumor, expresses in % of total pulmonary perfusion (% TP), was reduced at rest (-8 ± 6%) and at effort (-10 ± 8%), in comparison with the normal values. On the analysis of ensemble of population (43 ± 7% vs 41 ± 9%, NS) the % TP did not changed significantly between the at-rest and under-effort acquisitions. At the same time, 4 patients presented important variation, amounting up to 20% of total pulmonary perfusion: the % TP increased in 2 cases and decreased in the other 2 cases. In conclusion, in the patients bearing bronchial carcinoma, the relative perfusion of tumoral lung varies under effort in a non-negligible number of cases (4/20). Additional studies are necessary to establish the value of under-effort pulmonary scintigraphy, in the evaluation of the post-surgery respiratory functional capacity

  10. Enable dosimetric of the Stereotactic Body Frame from Elekta in treatment planning systems for Radiotherapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gonzalez Perez, Y.; Caballero Pinelo, R.; Alfonso Laguardia, R.

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate the commissioning of a stereotactic body frame (SBF ® , Elekta) professional treatment planning systems (TPS) model Elekta's PrecisePlan ® and ERGO++®, for highly foxused delivery of megavoltage photon beams intended for treating tumors located in the thorax and abdominal region. For this purpose we applicated a dedicate stereotactic body frame (SBF ® , Elekta) intended for high precision radiotherapy in extra-cranial located tumors was studied. Issues associated with their implementation in the TPSs were evaluated comparing the dose calculations in two studies of CT under different conditions. an anthropomorphic thorax phantom, model CIRS Thorax IMRT ® , was used in designing several test cases. Ion chamber measurement was permormed in selected points in the phantom, for comparison purposes with dose calculated by the treatment planning systems. The commissioning of the stereotactic body frame (SBF ® , Elekta) and the stereotactic localization was verified, including the dose calculation verification in presence the SBF. The attenuation factors measured for the SBF were obtained and corrected in the TPS PrecisePlan ® , the biggest discrepancies obtained were ∼5% for the oblique sectors (inferior corners), because the minimum permissible value for the software is 0.95 while the real value measured was 0.898. It was studied the SBF, their components and their interference in depth with the photon beams and their implementation in the TPS. The introduction of the correction factors demonstrated to be effective to reduce the eventual errors of dose calculation in the TPS . (Author)

  11. Pedagogical tools to explore Cartesian mind-body dualism in the classroom: philosophical arguments and neuroscience illusions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamilton, Scott; Hamilton, Trevor J

    2015-01-01

    A fundamental discussion in lower-level undergraduate neuroscience and psychology courses is Descartes's "radical" or "mind-body" dualism. According to Descartes, our thinking mind, the res cogitans, is separate from the body as physical matter or substance, the res extensa. Since the transmission of sensory stimuli from the body to the mind is a physical capacity shared with animals, it can be confused, misled, or uncertain (e.g., bodily senses imply that ice and water are different substances). True certainty thus arises from within the mind and its capacity to doubt physical stimuli. Since this doubting mind is a thinking thing that is distinct from bodily stimuli, truth and certainty are reached through the doubting mind as cogito ergo sum, or the certainty of itself as it thinks: hence Descartes's famous maxim, I think, therefore I am. However, in the last century of Western philosophy, with nervous system investigation, and with recent advances in neuroscience, the potential avenues to explore student's understanding of the epistemology and effects of Cartesian mind-body dualism has expanded. This article further explores this expansion, highlighting pedagogical practices and tools instructors can use to enhance a psychology student's understanding of Cartesian dualistic epistemology, in order to think more critically about its implicit assumptions and effects on learning. It does so in two ways: first, by offering instructors an alternative philosophical perspective to dualistic thinking: a mind-body holism that is antithetical to the assumed binaries of dualistic epistemology. Second, it supplements this philosophical argument with a practical component: simple mind-body illusions that instructors may use to demonstrate contrary epistemologies to students. Combining these short philosophical and neuroscience arguments thereby acts as a pedagogical tool to open new conceptual spaces within which learning may occur.

  12. C. elegans ADARs antagonize silencing of cellular dsRNAs by the antiviral RNAi pathway.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reich, Daniel P; Tyc, Katarzyna M; Bass, Brenda L

    2018-02-01

    Cellular dsRNAs are edited by adenosine deaminases that act on RNA (ADARs). While editing can alter mRNA-coding potential, most editing occurs in noncoding sequences, the function of which is poorly understood. Using dsRNA immunoprecipitation (dsRIP) and RNA sequencing (RNA-seq), we identified 1523 regions of clustered A-to-I editing, termed editing-enriched regions (EERs), in four stages of Caenorhabditis elegans development, often with highest expression in embryos. Analyses of small RNA-seq data revealed 22- to 23-nucleotide (nt) siRNAs, reminiscent of viral siRNAs, that mapped to EERs and were abundant in adr-1;adr-2 mutant animals. Consistent with roles for these siRNAs in silencing, EER-associated genes (EAGs) were down-regulated in adr-1;adr-2 embryos, and this was dependent on associated EERs and the RNAi factor RDE-4. We observed that ADARs genetically interact with the 26G endogenous siRNA (endo-siRNA) pathway, which likely competes for RNAi components; deletion of factors required for this pathway ( rrf-3 or ergo-1 ) in adr-1;adr-2 mutant strains caused a synthetic phenotype that was rescued by deleting antiviral RNAi factors. Poly(A) + RNA-seq revealed EAG down-regulation and antiviral gene induction in adr-1;adr-2;rrf-3 embryos, and these expression changes were dependent on rde-1 and rde-4 Our data suggest that ADARs restrict antiviral silencing of cellular dsRNAs. © 2018 Reich et al.; Published by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press.

  13. The Caenorhabditis elegans RDE-10/RDE-11 complex regulates RNAi by promoting secondary siRNA amplification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Chi; Montgomery, Taiowa A; Fischer, Sylvia E J; Garcia, Susana M D A; Riedel, Christian G; Fahlgren, Noah; Sullivan, Christopher M; Carrington, James C; Ruvkun, Gary

    2012-05-22

    In nematodes, plants, and fungi, RNAi is remarkably potent and persistent due to the amplification of initial silencing signals by RNA-dependent RNA polymerases (RdRPs). In Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans), the interaction between the RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC) loaded with primary small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) and the target messenger RNA (mRNA) leads to the recruitment of RdRPs and synthesis of secondary siRNAs using the target mRNA as the template. The mechanism and genetic requirements for secondary siRNA accumulation are not well understood. From a forward genetic screen for C. elegans genes required for RNAi, we identified rde-10, and through proteomic analysis of RDE-10-interacting proteins, we identified a protein complex containing the new RNAi factor RDE-11, the known RNAi factors RSD-2 and ERGO-1, and other candidate RNAi factors. The RNAi defective genes rde-10 and rde-11 encode a novel protein and a RING-type zinc finger domain protein, respectively. Mutations in rde-10 and rde-11 genes cause dosage-sensitive RNAi deficiencies: these mutants are resistant to low dosage but sensitive to high dosage of double-stranded RNAs. We assessed the roles of rde-10, rde-11, and other dosage-sensitive RNAi-defective genes rsd-2, rsd-6, and haf-6 in both exogenous and endogenous small RNA pathways using high-throughput sequencing and qRT-PCR. These genes are required for the accumulation of secondary siRNAs in both exogenous and endogenous RNAi pathways. The RDE-10/RDE-11 complex is essential for the amplification of RNAi in C. elegans by promoting secondary siRNA accumulation. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. Descartes' Passions of the soul--seeds of psychiatry?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albuquerque, Joy; Deshauer, Dorian; Grof, Paul

    2003-09-01

    Rene Descartes (1596-1650), often called the 'father of modern philosophy', aimed at rooting all knowledge in certainty so that our understanding of the world could progress without error. To achieve this, he needed at least one sure thing on which to build. Starting with the most basic knowledge, the fact of his own existence--cogito ergo sum (I think therefore I am), he systematically proceeded to explain the world. Such systematic understanding would be accessible to anyone who applied the Cartesian method, and in turn would lead to a good life. Descartes' Passions of the Soul was written according to his method of certainty and fits in with a meticulously refined worldview. It is one of the first systematic treatises to explain a wide array of emotions, both normal and abnormal. Based on the Cartesian dualistic model of mind and body, the work helps ground a long medical tradition of separating 'rational' consciousness from emotions. For Descartes, emotions arose from two sources, the intellect and the body (Passions of the Soul and Passions of the Body). The more subtle 'Passions of the Soul' were viewed as superior to coarser and often-troublesome emotions taking root in the body. It is interesting to note the absence of clarity, however, in Descartes' division of intellectual emotions from bodily emotions, perhaps revealing an enduring weakness in the dualistic model itself. The work grapples with the multi-causal nature of psychopathology and brings out complex interactions between temperament and life experience. While modern neuroscience makes ever-tighter associations between physiology and experience, many of the basic scientific challenges we face today are outlined in this 350-year-old book.

  15. Exploring the structure of fucosylated chondroitin sulfate through bottom-up nuclear magnetic resonance and electrospray ionization-high-resolution mass spectrometry approaches.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, Gustavo Rc; Porto, Ana Co; Soares, Paulo Ag; Vilanova, Eduardo; Mourão, Paulo As

    2017-07-01

    Fucosylated chondroitin sulfate (FCS) from sea cucumbers is composed of a chondroitin sulfate (CS) central core and branches of sulfated fucose. The structure of this complex glycosaminoglycan is usually investigated via nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) analyses of the intact molecule, ergo through a top-down approach, which often yield spectra with intricate sets of signals. Here we employed a bottom-up approach to analyze the FCSs from the sea cucumbers Isostichopus badionotus and Ludwigothurea grisea from their basic constituents, viz. CS cores and sulfated fucose branches, obtained via systematic fragmentation through mild acid hydrolysis. Oligosaccharides derived from the central CS core were analyzed via NMR spectroscopy and the disaccharides produced using chondroitin sulfate lyase via SAX-HPLC. The CS cores from the two species were similar, showing only slight differences in the proportions of 4- or 6-monosulfated and 4,6-disulfated β-d-GalNAc. Sulfated fucose units released from the FCSs were analyzed via NMR and ESI-HRMS spectroscopies. The fucose units from each species presented extensive qualitative differences, but quantitative assessments of these units were hindered, mostly because of their extensive desulfation during the hydrolysis. The bottom-up analysis performed here has proved useful to explore the structure of FCS through a sum-of-the-parts approach in a qualitative manner. We further demonstrate that under specific acidification conditions particular fucose branches can be removed preferentially from FCS. Preparation of derivatives enriched with particular fucose branches could be useful for studies on "structure vs. biological function" of FCS. © The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  16. A PHYSICAL ACTIVITY QUESTIONNAIRE: REPRODUCIBILITY AND VALIDITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolas Barbosa

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available This study evaluates the Quantification de L'Activite Physique en Altitude chez les Enfants (QAPACE supervised self-administered questionnaire reproducibility and validity on the estimation of the mean daily energy expenditure (DEE on Bogotá's schoolchildren. The comprehension was assessed on 324 students, whereas the reproducibility was studied on a different random sample of 162 who were exposed twice to it. Reproducibility was assessed using both the Bland-Altman plot and the intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC. The validity was studied in a sample of 18 girls and 18 boys randomly selected, which completed the test - re-test study. The DEE derived from the questionnaire was compared with the laboratory measurement results of the peak oxygen uptake (Peak VO2 from ergo-spirometry and Leger Test. The reproducibility ICC was 0.96 (95% C.I. 0.95-0.97; by age categories 8-10, 0.94 (0.89-0. 97; 11-13, 0.98 (0.96- 0.99; 14-16, 0.95 (0.91-0.98. The ICC between mean TEE as estimated by the questionnaire and the direct and indirect Peak VO2 was 0.76 (0.66 (p<0.01; by age categories, 8-10, 11-13, and 14-16 were 0.89 (0.87, 0.76 (0.78 and 0.88 (0.80 respectively. The QAPACE questionnaire is reproducible and valid for estimating PA and showed a high correlation with the Peak VO2 uptake

  17. Horizon structure of rotating Einstein-Born-Infeld black holes and shadow

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Atamurotov, Farruh [Institute of Nuclear Physics, Tashkent (Uzbekistan); Inha University in Tashkent, Tashkent (Uzbekistan); Ulugh Beg Astronomical Institute, Tashkent (Uzbekistan); National University of Uzbekistan, Tashkent (Uzbekistan); Ghosh, Sushant G. [Jamia Millia Islamia, Centre for Theoretical Physics, New Delhi (India); University of Kwa-Zulu-Natal, Astrophysics and Cosmology Research Unit, School of Mathematical Sciences, Private Bag 54001, Durban (South Africa); Ahmedov, Bobomurat [Institute of Nuclear Physics, Tashkent (Uzbekistan); Ulugh Beg Astronomical Institute, Tashkent (Uzbekistan); National University of Uzbekistan, Tashkent (Uzbekistan)

    2016-05-15

    We investigate the horizon structure of the rotating Einstein-Born-Infeld solution which goes over to the Einstein-Maxwell's Kerr-Newman solution as the Born-Infeld parameter goes to infinity (β → ∞). We find that for a given β, mass M, and charge Q, there exist a critical spinning parameter a{sub E} and r{sub H}{sup E}, which corresponds to an extremal Einstein-Born-Infeld black hole with degenerate horizons, and a{sub E} decreases and r{sub H}{sup E} increases with increase of the Born-Infeld parameter β, while a < a{sub E} describes a non-extremal Einstein-Born-Infeld black hole with outer and inner horizons. Similarly, the effect of β on the infinite redshift surface and in turn on the ergo-region is also included. It is well known that a black hole can cast a shadow as an optical appearance due to its strong gravitational field. We also investigate the shadow cast by the both static and rotating Einstein-Born-Infeld black hole and demonstrate that the null geodesic equations can be integrated, which allows us to investigate the shadow cast by a black hole which is found to be a dark zone covered by a circle. Interestingly, the shadow of an Einstein-Born-Infeld black hole is slightly smaller than for the Reissner-Nordstrom black hole, which consists of concentric circles, for different values of the Born-Infeld parameter β, whose radius decreases with increase of the value of the parameter β. Finally, we have studied observable distortion parameter for shadow of the rotating Einstein-Born-Infeld black hole. (orig.)

  18. Horizon structure of rotating Einstein-Born-Infeld black holes and shadow

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Atamurotov, Farruh; Ghosh, Sushant G.; Ahmedov, Bobomurat

    2016-01-01

    We investigate the horizon structure of the rotating Einstein-Born-Infeld solution which goes over to the Einstein-Maxwell's Kerr-Newman solution as the Born-Infeld parameter goes to infinity (β → ∞). We find that for a given β, mass M, and charge Q, there exist a critical spinning parameter a E and r H E , which corresponds to an extremal Einstein-Born-Infeld black hole with degenerate horizons, and a E decreases and r H E increases with increase of the Born-Infeld parameter β, while a < a E describes a non-extremal Einstein-Born-Infeld black hole with outer and inner horizons. Similarly, the effect of β on the infinite redshift surface and in turn on the ergo-region is also included. It is well known that a black hole can cast a shadow as an optical appearance due to its strong gravitational field. We also investigate the shadow cast by the both static and rotating Einstein-Born-Infeld black hole and demonstrate that the null geodesic equations can be integrated, which allows us to investigate the shadow cast by a black hole which is found to be a dark zone covered by a circle. Interestingly, the shadow of an Einstein-Born-Infeld black hole is slightly smaller than for the Reissner-Nordstrom black hole, which consists of concentric circles, for different values of the Born-Infeld parameter β, whose radius decreases with increase of the value of the parameter β. Finally, we have studied observable distortion parameter for shadow of the rotating Einstein-Born-Infeld black hole. (orig.)

  19. Differential impact of the HEN1 homolog HENN-1 on 21U and 26G RNAs in the germline of Caenorhabditis elegans.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonie M Kamminga

    Full Text Available RNA interference (RNAi-related pathways affect gene activity by sequence-specific recruitment of Ago proteins to mRNA target molecules. The sequence specificity of this process stems from small RNA (sRNA co-factors bound by the Ago protein. Stability of sRNA molecules in some pathways is in part regulated by Hen1-mediated methylation of their 3' ends. Here we describe the effects of the Caenorhabditis elegans HEN1 RNA-methyl-transferase homolog, HENN-1, on the different RNAi pathways in this nematode. We reveal differential effects of HENN-1 on the two pathways that are known to employ methylated sRNA molecules: the 26G and 21U pathways. Surprisingly, in the germline, stability of 21U RNAs, the C. elegans piRNAs, is only mildly affected by loss of methylation; and introduction of artificial 21U target RNA does not further destabilize non-methylated 21U RNAs. In contrast, most 26G RNAs display reduced stability and respond to loss of HENN-1 by displaying increased 3'-uridylation frequencies. Within the 26G RNA class, we find that specifically ERGO-1-bound 26G RNAs are modified by HENN-1, while ALG-3/ALG-4-bound 26G RNAs are not. Global gene expression analysis of henn-1 mutants reveals mild effects, including down-regulation of many germline-expressed genes. Our data suggest that, apart from direct effects of reduced 26G RNA levels of henn-1 on gene expression, most effects on global gene expression are indirect. These studies further refine our understanding of endogenous RNAi in C. elegans and the roles for Hen1 like enzymes in these pathways.

  20. Évaluation des facteurs de pénibilité du travail et évolutions technico-organisationnelles : un défi pour l’ergonomie Evaluation of work difficultly factors and technical-organizational evolution: a challenge for ergonomics - the case of rotary press operators in daily newspapers thirty years apart Evaluación de los factores de dificultad del trabajo y evoluciones técnico-organizacionales : un desafío para la ergonomía- el caso de los impresores-rotativistas de la prensa cotidiana a treinta años de distancia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alain Garrigou

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available À trente ans de distance, une même question est posée à des ergonomes, sur initiative syndicale (syndicats ouvriers et syndicats d’employeurs : évaluer les risques du travail et leur impact sur la santé et l’espérance de vie des « ouvriers du livre », plus exactement des imprimeurs-rotativistes. Cet article vise à présenter les démarches adoptées et les principaux résultats des études menées en 1976-1978 puis en 2007-2009, en soulignant l’intérêt d’une approche interdisciplinaire (ergonomie et ergo-toxicologie, socio-épidémiologie et statistiques et de l’intégration de méthodes diversifiées pour aborder une question aussi complexe. L’objectif de l’étude actuelle est de découvrir et d’évaluer les facteurs de pénibilité en lien avec les principales évolutions technico-organisationnelles survenues depuis les années 1980. Ces résultats devraient, d’une part, « nourrir » les négociations sociales portant sur l’avancée de l’âge légal de départ en retraite, mesure de réparation et, d’autre part, permettre de proposer des pistes de transformations techniques et organisationnelles susceptibles de réduire à l’avenir l’impact du travail sur la santé de ceux qui exercent actuellement ce métier, mesure de prévention. Concernant l’évaluation à court, moyen et long terme des interventions en ergonomie, ces études interrogent à la fois l’action que nous pouvons mener pour contribuer dans la durée à un traitement meilleur d’une question d’une telle importance sociale et individuelle, et l’usage potentiel des connaissances produites par l’ergonomie dans l’orientation des politiques publiques en matière de santé au travail.Thirty years apart, ergonomists were asked the same question by trade unions and employer associations namely, to assess the occupational risks of rotary press operators and the impact on their health and life expectancy. This paper aims to present

  1. The Emergence and Further Development of the Idea of Papal Primacy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mikhail Gratsianskiy

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The author analyses how the idea of the papal primacy was formed and developed, papal primacy meaning the particular way in which the place of the bishop of Rome was conceived within the Universal Church. The period in question began with the second century and the emergence of a tradition regarding Peter’s martyrdom in Rome and continued through the papacy of Leo I (440–461. It was Leo who summed up the idea of an exclusive ministry of the Roman pontiff within the Church. The author reviews early testimonies (stretching from the second to the fourth century which note the presence of Peter in Rome, and view him first as a Roman martyr, later as the founder of the Roman episcopal see, and finally as Rome’s first bishop. The idea of the position of Peter in the Church of Rome may be viewed as gradually evolving. The author demonstrates how a rather unreliable ancient tradition connecting the death of Peter with Rome evolved during the fourth and fifth centuries into the idea of Peter as the prince of the apostles (princeps apostolorum, who transmitted his authority or power over the Universal Church to his supposed successors, the bishops of Rome, — an idea which was fully developed by Leo I. The author also wishes to describe the way the Church of Rome was conceived during the first centuries of its existence and underlines the limits of its powers and its susciperent ampliorem, per quos ad unam Petri sedem universalis Ecclesiae cura conflueret, et nihil usquam a suo capite dissideret. Qui ergo scit se quibusdam esse praepositum, non moleste ferat aliquem sibi esse praelatum; sed obedientiam quam exigit, etiam ipse dependat…» (Leonis epistula XIV // PL. T. 54. Col. 676. canonical jurisdiction. It is clear that the concept of the Roman papacy’s universal ministry affording it the possibility to extend its universal jurisdiction over the entire Church within the Roman Empire are based on principles of ecclesiastical

  2. Multinational comparative cross-sectional survey of views of medical students about acceptable terminology and subgroups in schizophrenia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rathod, Shanaya; Irfan, Muhammad; Bhargava, Rachna; Pinninti, Narsimha; Scott, Joseph; Mohammad Algahtani, Haifa; Guo, Zhihua; Gupta, Rishab; Nadkarni, Pallavi; Naeem, Farooq; Howells, Fleur; Sorsdahi, Katherine; Thorne, Kerensa; Osman-Hicks, Victoria; Pallikadavath, Sasee; Phiri, Peter; Carr, Hannah; Graves, Lizi; Kingdon, David

    2018-06-07

    research is warranted to investigate acceptability of terminology. Methods of reducing stigma are discussed in line with the findings. The study received ethical approval from ERGO (Ethics and Research Governance Online; ID: 15972) and subsequently from the ethics committee at each site. © Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2018. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

  3. Fiat Auto: Industrial Relations Lost in Globalisation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paolo Caputo

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available In the actual context of globalization, carmakers face a highly competitive market. The pace of technological innovation, the increase in international competition, the saturation of markets and the shortening of product lifespan are but some of the factors requiring a new organization of production. In order to face these radical changes, carmakers are implementing new strategies, not only by embracing the concept of globalization, but also by promoting changes in labour management practices, work organization and industrial relations. The aim of this paper is to analyze the impact of Fiat’s new managerial strategies in response to increased global competition on the situation of the industrial relations, on the role of the Unions and on the condition of workers. These strategies include an intensification of work, shift and wage flexibility, plus a severe limitations of workers’ rights (including the right to strike. On the one hand, such a strategy was presented and justified to the workers and the public as an objective necessity of global economy, and was even submitted to a referendum; on the other, the process was conducted unilaterally, under the recurring threat of transferring production abroad if the workers and their Unions refused to accept the new method. This brought to a split of the Unions and dialogue was maintained only with collaborative organisations, causing the discrimination of the other Unions and a situation of great dissatisfaction amongst all the workers. Through the words of workers and Union activists, the research showed evidence of the failure of claims that new management strategy can ensure both productivity and a new form of workplace democracy in the post-fordist factory. Despite new labour-saving technologies, lean production organisation and the adoption of new metric systems (such as Ergo-UAS, car industry would need, more than in the past, the involvement and active participation of Unions and workers

  4. Strategy for eliciting antigen-specific CD8+ T cell-mediated immune response against a cryptic CTL epitope of merkel cell polyomavirus large T antigen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gomez Bianca P

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC is a relatively new addition to the expanding category of oncovirus-induced cancers. Although still comparably rare, the number of cases has risen dramatically in recent years. Further complicating this trend is that MCC is an extremely aggressive neoplasm with poor patient prognosis and limited treatment options for advanced disease. The causative agent of MCC has been identified as the merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV. The MCPyV-encoded large T (LT antigen is an oncoprotein that is theorized to be essential for virus-mediated tumorigenesis and is therefore, an excellent MCC antigen for the generation of antitumor immune responses. As a foreign antigen, the LT oncoprotein avoids the obstacle of immune tolerance, which normally impedes the development of antitumor immunity. Ergo, it is an excellent target for anti-MCC immunotherapy. Since tumor-specific CD8+ T cells lead to better prognosis for MCC and numerous other cancers, we have generated a DNA vaccine that is capable of eliciting LT-specific CD8+ T cells. The DNA vaccine (pcDNA3-CRT/LT encodes the LT antigen linked to a damage-associated molecular pattern, calreticulin (CRT, as it has been demonstrated that the linkage of CRT to antigens promotes the induction of antigen-specific CD8+ T cells. Results The present study shows that DNA vaccine-induced generation of LT-specific CD8+ T cells is augmented by linking CRT to the LT antigen. This is relevant since the therapeutic effects of the pcDNA3-CRT/LT DNA vaccine is mediated by LT-specific CD8+ T cells. Mice vaccinated with the DNA vaccine produced demonstrably more LT-specific CD8+ T cells. The DNA vaccine was also able to confer LT-specific CD8+ T cell-mediated protective and therapeutic effects to prolong the survival of mice with LT-expressing tumors. In the interest of determining the LT epitope which most MCC-specific CD8+ T cells recognize, we identified the amino acid sequence of the

  5. Feasibility and diagnostic accuracy of Ecg-gated SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging by a two-hour protocol: The Myofast study;Faisabilite et precision diagnostique d'un protocole de scintigraphie myocardique synchronisee a l'ECG en deux heures: l'etude Myofast

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dunet, V.; Costo, S.; Sabatier, R.; Grollier, G.; Bouvard, G.; Agostini, D. [CHU Cote-de-Nacre, Service de medecine nucleaire, 14 - Caen (France)

    2010-04-15

    Aim of the study: To assess the feasibility of early stress and rest myocardial perfusion and function study using a fast {sup 99m}Tc-tetrofosmin gated-SPECT protocol in patients with known coronary artery disease. Materials and methods: Forty-three patients (pts) (37 M, 6 F, mean age 63.8 +- 9.8 years) underwent a {sup 99m}Tc-Tetrofosmin gated-SPECT (Axis Picker-Philips) myocardial study and a coronary angiography (C.A.) within 3 months. Images were acquired (LEHR, eight bins, 40 sec per image) after injection of {sup 99m}Tc-tetrofosmin (200 to 380 MBq) early (15 min) post-stress (36 dipyridamole, two dobutamine and five ergo-metric stress), and at rest after {sup 99m}Tc-tetrofosmin reinjection (600 to 1150 MBq), in a total time not exceeding 2 hours. Processing was performed with Q.G.S. software using the 17-segment model. Pathological study was defined as a summed difference score (SDS) greater than or equal to 4 4, a fixed defect with summed rest score greater than or equal to 4 and/or L.V. dysfunction defined as myocardial stunning (variation between stress and rest L.V.E.F. greater than or equal to 4 5%), stress L.V.E.F. less than or equal to 45% or rest L.V.E.F. less than or equal to 40%. Results were compared with C.A., and stenosis greater than or equal to 4 50% was considered as significant. Results: For 100% the quality of SPECT imaging was good or excellent. For six patients gating was impossible because of arrhythmia. The overall sensitivity, specificity and accuracy were 95%, 50%, and 91%, respectively. The concordance between gated SPECT and C.A. was moderate (kappa = 0.45, S.E. = 0.15). Interestingly, early-gated acquisition permitted to underline left ventricular dysfunction in 11 cases (30%), of whom eight had poly vascular disease. Stunning was detected in six of 37 cases (16%), of whom six had poly vascular disease. Conclusion: A one-day two-hour {sup 99m}Tc-tetrofosmin gated-SPECT protocol to assess left ventricular perfusion and function is

  6. Effects of one-night sleep deprivation on selective attention and isometric force in adolescent karate athletes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ben Cheikh, Ridha; Latiri, Imed; Dogui, Mohamed; Ben Saad, Helmi

    2017-06-01

    Most of the available literature related to aspects of sleep deprivation is primarily focused on memory and learning, and studies regarding its effects on selective attention and/or physical performance are scarce. Moreover, the available literature includes general population or people involved in team sports (e.g. volleyball). However, only few studies were performed on athletes involved in combat sports (e.g. karate). The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of a total one-night sleep deprivation (1NSD) on activation and inhibition processes of selective attention and on maximal isometric force in karate athletes. Twelve young karate athletes (mean age 16.9±0.8 years) were enrolled. The protocol consists of two successive sessions: a normal night's sleep (NNS) and a total 1NSD. After each night, athletes performed selective attention and muscle strength tests during the same following three times (T) of the day: T1NNS or T11NSD: 8-9 a.m.; T2NNS or T21NSD: 12 a.m.-1 p.m.; T3NNS or T31NSD: 4-5 p.m. Activation (simple [SRT] and choice reaction times [CRT]) and inhibition (negative priming) processes were evaluated using Superlab v. 4.5 software (Cedrus Corporation, San Pedro, CA, USA). Maximal force and maximal force time (MFT) of brachial biceps isometric contraction were evaluated (Ergo System®, Globus, Codognè, Italy). A non-parametric test was used to evaluate the sessions (NNS vs. SND for the same time period) and time (T1NNS vs. 1NSD) effects. All athletes completed all tests after a NNS. Twelve, eleven and four athletes completed all tests at T11NSD, T21NSD and T31NSD, respectively. As for sessions effects, no statistically significant difference was found. As for time effects, a significant increase in SRT at T21NSD vs. T1NNS (345±47 vs. 317±33 ms, respectively), a significant increase in MFT at T21NSD vs. T1NNS (2172±260 vs.1885±292 ms, respectively), and no significant changes in CRT and negative priming reaction time or MFT data

  7. Personalised long-term follow-up of cochlear implant patients using remote care, compared with those on the standard care pathway: study protocol for a feasibility randomised controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cullington, Helen; Kitterick, Padraig; DeBold, Lisa; Weal, Mark; Clarke, Nicholas; Newberry, Eva; Aubert, Lisa

    2016-05-13

    Many resources are required to provide postoperative care to patients who receive a cochlear implant. The implant service commits to lifetime follow-up. The patient commits to regular adjustment and rehabilitation appointments in the first year and annual follow-up appointments thereafter. Offering remote follow-up may result in more stable hearing, reduced patient travel expense, time and disruption, more empowered patients, greater equality in service delivery and more freedom to optimise the allocation of clinic resources. This will be a two-arm feasibility randomised controlled trial (RCT) involving 60 adults using cochlear implants with at least 6 months device experience in a 6-month clinical trial of remote care. This project will design, implement and evaluate a person-centred long-term follow-up pathway for people using cochlear implants offering a triple approach of remote and self-monitoring, self-adjustment of device and a personalised online support tool for home speech recognition testing, information, self-rehabilitation, advice, equipment training and troubleshooting. The main outcome measure is patient activation. Secondary outcomes are stability and quality of hearing, stability of quality of life, clinic resources, patient and clinician experience, and any adverse events associated with remote care. We will examine the acceptability of remote care to service users and clinicians, the willingness of participants to be randomised, and attrition rates. We will estimate numbers required to plan a fully powered RCT. Ethical approval was received from North West-Greater Manchester South Research Ethics Committee (15/NW/0860) and the University of Southampton Research Governance Office (ERGO 15329). Results will be disseminated in the clinical and scientific communities and also to the patient population via peer-reviewed research publications both online and in print, conference and meeting presentations, posters, newsletter articles, website reports

  8. COMPARISON OF HYDROCORTISONE 10 MG TABLETS: TABLET HARDNESS OPTIMISED FOR ADULT USE HAS NEGATIVE CONSEQUENCES FOR PAEDIATRIC USE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saimbi, Sarina; Madden, Valerie; Stirling, Heather; Yahyouche, Asma; Batchelor, Hannah

    2016-09-01

    Children's medicines are not always readily available as an age appropriate product and manipulation of adult products is often required. Recently the commercial manufacturing process for 10 mg hydrocortisone tablets has changed and the compression force increased due to tablets fracturing on removal from the blister pack. However, this change led to parents of children requiring hydrocortisone reporting that the tablets were more difficult to manipulate.This study evaluated 10 mg hydrocortisone tablets for their suitability for manipulation in order to deliver an appropriate dose to children (2 mg dose). The physical properties of tablets with the old and new compression force were compared as well as the accuracy of obtaining the paediatric dose. The tablets compared were hydrocortisone Auden 10 mg tablets (Brand A, PL16876/002)-these are the newer, harder tablets- and hydrocortisone 10 mg tablets (Brand B, PL17507/0097). Tablet physical properties including friability (Copley FRV200) and tablet hardness (Copley TBF1000) were compared. The accuracy of split doses (halve and quarter tablets) were recorded on a Sartorius analytical balance. The accuracy of the 2 mg paediatric dosing was assessed by crushing the tablet, adding 10 mL of water and extracting 2 mL. The concentration was measured using UV analysis (Jenway Genova Plus) according to a calibration curve (wavelength=246 nm). Two devices were used to crush the tablets: a spoon onto a plate and a commercially available crushing device (Apothecary Ezy Crush Pill Crusher With Ergo Grip). As anticipated Brand A tablets were harder (51.85 ±5.1 N) compared to Brand B (30.99±4.1 N). Brand A tablets passed the friability testing with Auden tablets which are known to be harder tablets and therefore more force is required to crush these. Some of the experimental work within this project was conducted by Andrew Hackett and Kameron Paul-Thaper whilst at the University of Birmingham on work

  9. Handling in the Micro/nano-world: haptic device

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nigues, A.

    2012-09-01

    Synchrotron Radiation and Scanning Probe Microscopy (SPM) are among the most used techniques to study the physical and chemical properties of nano-structures. Coupling these two techniques is a promising path for opening new horizons in the study of nano-sciences. The merge has already proved its potentialities in the frame of the X-tip project where Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) has been associated with synchrotron radiation X-Ray diffraction to determine the Young's modulus of germanium micro-plots by dynamically indenting the sample while performing diffraction analysis. The configuration used there, however, does not permit three dimension (3D) manipulations of samples. The aim of our nano-manipulator is 3D management of samples with permanent control of the nano-forces exerted on the object while immersed in a scanning beam (X-Ray, e-beams). The first chapter focuses on the sensors with which measure the interactions at a nanometer scale and permit the selection of individual objects. After an overview of the different techniques of micro/nano-manipulation available today (mechanical micro-grippers based on MEMS technology, optic tweezers or grippers based on conventional atomic force microscopy), and considering the constraints imposed by synchrotron experiments, the choice of quartz oscillators (Tuning Forks or Length Extended Resonators (LER)) as sensors is explained. It follows an introduction to Atomic Force Microscopy in general and the description of its association to these oscillators. In the second chapter, the instrumental development of our nano-manipulation station is detailed with particular care on the definition of the geometry of the resonators and related tips for achieving both AFM imaging and gripping of the sample and on the way to control the coarse and ne positioning of the three elements of the nano-manipulator. Finally, the haptic system ERGOS and its coupling with our assembly is described. In the last chapter, two types of

  10. Measurement of Health Program Equity Made Easier: Validation of a Simplified Asset Index Using Program Data From Honduras and Senegal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ergo, Alex; Ritter, Julie; Gwatkin, Davidson R; Binkin, Nancy

    2016-03-01

    the 8 simplified asset index iterations did this proportion exceed 50%. We conclude that substantially reducing the number of variables and questions used to assess equity is feasible, producing valid results and providing a less burdensome way for program implementers or researchers to evaluate whether their interventions are pro-poor. Developing a standardized, simplified asset questionnaire that could be used across countries may prove difficult, however, given that the variables that contribute the most to the asset index are largely country-specific. © Ergo et al.

  11. PREFACE: International Conference on Functional Materials and Nanotechnologies 2013 (FM&NT2013)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nõmmiste, Ergo; Kirm, Marco; Plank, Toomas

    2013-12-01

    oral, and 5 commercial talks were delivered and more than 200 posters were presented. In the framework of conference more than 20 papers were submitted to a topical issue of Physica Scripta. Based on the work presented at the conference, 62 articles are included in this volume of IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. Additional information about FM&NT-2013 is available at its homepage http://fmnt.ut.ee/. The Organizing Committee would like to thank all the speakers, contributors, session chairs, referees and other involved staff for their efforts in making FM&NT-2013 successful. Special thanks for their hard work dealing with the conference papers goes to the Guest Editors: Professor Mikhail Brik, Dr Svetlana Zazubovits, Dr Arvo Kikas, Dr Rainer Pärna. The Organizing Committee hopes that Conference gave participants good insight into recent developments in nanotechnology, sustainable energetics, processing and modelling of multifunctional materials and research done using synchrotron radiation or other novel light sources. We sincerely hope that conference has provided support for the sharing of information and has brought together many young and experienced scientists from different fields, leading to fruitful discussions. We hope that all participants had good and memorable time in Tartu. On the behalf of organising committee Professor Ergo Nõmmiste Dr Marco Kirm Dr Toomas Plank The PDF also contains lists of the committees, the conference photograph and the sponsor's logos.

  12. Da atividade humana entre paideia e politeia: saberes, valores e trabalho docente Of human activity, between paideia and politeia: understandings, values and teaching work

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daisy Moreira Cunha

    2012-06-01

    unpackaging the problems encountered. Firstly, the approaches found in the research on teachers' knowledge, are presented; secondly, the objective is to highlight an aspect that may be implicit, yet recurrent, in parts of this research. Lastly, contributions are made from ergonomics, of a Francophone base using an approach for the work that is 'ergo'-logical (anotherwords, the answer is implicit in the question providing a perspective that emphasizes the importance of tackling the work from the notion of 'activity'. Such an approach - we wager - when based on a foundation of work that takes 'activity' as its focus, will increase inovative forms of knowledge production and lead to inovative ways of carrying out research into education, research that will make teachers the focal point, focusing on their work and their knowledge base.

  13. Máxima fase estável de lactato é ergômetro-dependente em modelo experimental utilizando ratos Máxima fase de estabilidad de lactato es ergómetro-dependiente en modelo experimental utilizando ratones The maximal lactate steady state is ergometer-dependent in experimental model using rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fúlvia de Barros Manchado

    2006-10-01

    também é ergômetro-dependente em modelos experimentais utilizando animais.La máxima fase de estabilidad de lactato (MFEL es considerada oro padrón para la determinación de la intensidad de transición metabólica aerobia-anaerobia en ejercicio continuo, sin embargo la respuesta lactacidémica en esa intensidad es, en humanos, dependiente del ergómetro utilizado en la evaluación. Una herramienta importante para estudios en fisiología y áreas correlacionadas es la aplicación de modelos experimentales utilizando animales. Entretanto, todavía son restrictas las investigaciones destinadas a investigar protocolos de evaluación en ratones. El objetivo del presente estudio ha sido el de verificar si MFEL es dependiente del ergómetro utilizado para la evaluación aerobia de ratones. Para eso, 40 ratones Wistar adultos fueron evaluados en dos diferentes ejercicios: natación y carrera en faja ergo métrica. En ambos, la MFEL fue verificada después de la aplicación de 4 tests continuos, en diferentes intensidades, con duración de 25 minutos, separados por intervalos de 48 horas. En todos los tests hubo colecta sanguínea de la cola de los animales a cada 5 minutos de ejercicio para analizar el lactato sanguíneo. Los tests de natación ocurrieron en un tanque cilíndrico profundo, con el agua a temperatura de 31 ± 1°C. Las cargas adoptadas para los tests fueron 4,5; 5,0; 5,5; 6,0% del peso corporal, atadas al dorso de los animales. Para la determinación de la MFEL en carreras, hubo una selección de los ratones corredores y las velocidades de los tests fueron de 15, 20, 25, 30 m.min-1. La MFEL fue interpretada como la más alta intensidad de ejercicio en la que el aumento de lactacidemia fue igual o inferior a 1mM, del 10° al 25° minuto. Anova one-way identificó diferencias entre las concentraciones de lactato sanguíneo en los diversos tiempos de ejercicio y ergómetros. La MFEL en la nataci��n ocurrió a 5,0% pc, en concentración de lactato de 5,20

  14. Cogeneration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Derbentli, Taner

    2006-01-01

    may be done in universities and industry which may serve this purpose. Some of these studies are discussed below. The feasibility studies for cogeneration plants is a field which should be developed.. The hourly, daily, monthly and yearly power and heat demands should be calculated to decide on the correct capacity of the plant. The capacity of the plant may be decided on the electrical power demand or the heat demand. In general it is more economical to base the plant capacity on the electrical power demand. In order to save as much energy as possible, the plant should operate continuously at full load. A study which will survey the cogeneration plants in service today, to determine the annual average fuel utilization efficiency may be a useful guide in sizing new cogeneration plants. It is important to select and size the equipment forming the cogeneration plant so that the sum of the operating and investment costs are minimized. The methodology used for this purpose is called ex ergo economic analysis which is based on the pioneering works of Tsatsaronis, El Sayed and Valero. The use of cogeneration in conjunction with district heating is widely used in northern and eastern Europe. This may well be applied to newly developing residential areas, university campuses and similar complexes. The main obstacle in the application of combined power and district heating is high initial investment costs.Government policies and subsidies in this area may be well worth because of the national savings resulting from the reduction in fuel imports. Micro cogeneration or spread electric power production is becoming more feasible as the technology developers and costs are reduced. The costs of micro cogeneration technologies, such as micro turbines, fuel cells, Stirling cycle engines are starting to become competitive with conventional technologies which cost approximately 500 US dollars per kw today. Another area where research is needed is the use of fuels other than natural gas

  15. Influência dos exercícios físicos de baixa e alta intensidade sobre o limiar de hipernocicepção e outros parâmetros em ratos Influencia de los ejercicios físicos de baja y alta intensidad sobre el límite de hipernocicepción y otros parámetros en ratones Influence of low and high intensity physical exercise on hypernociception threshold and other parameters of rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ademir da Costa Lana

    2006-10-01

    alta intensidad sobre la hipernocicepción, además de evaluar la masa corporal y el peso relativo de algunos órganos de ratones. Para esto, se han utilizado ratones machos, adultos, de linaje Wistar, los que fueron sometidos (grupo entrenado o no (grupo no entrenado a ejercicios en cinta ergo métrica. La inflamación aguda fue inducida por la inyección de carragenina 0,5% en el cóccix de la pata posterior izquierda de los ratones y la nocicepción fue medida por medio del test plantar antes y pos 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8 y 24 horas. Al final de las evaluaciones los ratones fueron sometidos a anestesia profunda, incluso la eutanasia, para colectar y pesar las glándulas adrenales, corazón, bazo y riñones y posterior estudio anatomopatológico de estos tejidos. El análisis estadístico de los resultados mostró un aumento significante (P Physical exercise practice is an important habit to maintain the physical and emotional well-being of those who regularly adopt it, and can bring great benefits to health. However, depending on the type, intensity, frequency and duration of the exercises, they can also do a certain degree of harm to the organism. As a benefit, the role of physical exercise is described in the specific and non-specific immune function and, in the latter, the inflammatory process stands out. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to show the effects of low and high intensity physical exercises on hypernociception, and to evaluate the body mass and the relative weight of some organs in rats. For the study, male adult Wistar rats were used and submitted (trained group or not submitted (non-trained group to physical exercises on an ergometric treadmill. The acute inflammation was induced by an injection of carrageenin-0.5% into the plantar tissue of the left hind paw of each rat and the nociception was measured by the plantar test before and after 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8 and 24 hours. At the end of the evaluations, the rats were submitted to deep anesthesia until

  16. Cadetes of the Academia do Polícia Militar do Estado do Rio de Janeiro Correlación entre VO2 max, gordura relativa y perfil lipídico, en cadetes de la Academia de Policía Militar del Estado de Río de Janeiro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. H. M. Dantas

    2010-09-01

    ísicamente activos y realizan entrenamiento físico militar (TFM cinco veces a la semana, con una duración de 60 minutos por sesión. Los parámetros evaluados son: el VO2 max por ergo espirometría (protocolo de esfuerzo progresivo, con inclinación constante de 3% y velocidad inicial de 4,0km/h, la grasa relativa (% Grasa – protocolo de tres pliegues cutáneos y el perfil lipídico mediante el método Calorimétrico Enzimático para las variables: colesterol total (CT, triglicéridos (TG, lipoproteína de densidad alta-colesterol (HDL-C y lipoproteína de densidad baja-colesterol (LDL-C. El test de de Spearman presentó correlación significativa entre  VO2 max y TG (r= -0,289; p= 0,04, VO2 max y HDL-C (r= 0,277; p= 0,049,  %G y TG (r= 0,296; p= 0,035,  %G y HDL-C (r= 0,338; p= 0,015. Los resultados del estudio apuntan a una discreta relación entre el perfil lipídico y el consumo máximo de oxígeno y corroboran la necesidad de considerar otros factores como: alimentación e intensidad del esfuerzo realizado para aumentar la solidez de este estudio.
    Palabras Clave: entrenamiento,  VO2 max, grasa relativa y perfil lipídico.

  17. Contribution of Ergotoxicology to the Determination of Actual PPE Effectiveness in Protecting Users From Phytosanitary Risks. From Contamination Analysis to the Collective Whistle-Blowing Process Apports de l’ergotoxicologie à l’évaluation de l’efficacité réelle des ÉPI devant protéger du risque phytosanitaire : de l’analyse de la contamination au processus collectif d’alerte Aportes de la ergotoxicoliogía a la evaluación de la eficacia real de los epi destinados a proteger del riesgo fitosanitario : del análisis de la contaminación al proceso colectivo de alerta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alain Garrigou

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the results of an ergotoxicologic study on the effectiveness, in real-life conditions, of the protective suits recommended by preventionists. The arguments presented in the paper are based on the Pestexpo study conducted by Isabelle Baldi (Baldi et al. (2002 and Baldi et al. (2006, which involved analyzing the exposure of vineyard workers to plant protection products by using an ergo-toxicologic approach. The point is to identify different types of exposure by taking into account the characteristics of the actual work (as opposed to what the operators are supposed to be doing as an outcome of personal, technical and organizational determinants. We were able to point at the permeation of the fabric used for some of the suits. Indeed, after further discussion with PPE manufacturers, it would appear that the suits recommended for agricultural activities were initially developed for industrial purposes and that since farming is just a market niche, these suits may not have been tested for plant protection products, not even for the most common ones. We will explore this topic in terms of organizational and technical failure (Reason, 2004 in the personal protective equipment (PPE design, testing and standardization process. We will also present the collective whistle-blowing process that was initiated.L’objectif de cet article est de présenter des résultats récents d’une recherche/action en ergotoxicologie concernant les risques liés à l’usage des produits phytosanitaires. Cette recherche propose une double articulation : la première entre des résultats issus d’analyses en situations de travail portant sur la contamination externe des viticulteurs et des résultats issus de tests en laboratoire portant sur la perméation des combinaisons. La seconde articulation concerne le lien entre l’ensemble des résultats cités ci-dessus et une analyse des failles techniques et organisationnelles de la conception et des

  18. Apports de l’ergotoxicologie à l’évaluation de l’efficacité réelle des EPI devant protéger du risque phytosanitaire : de l’analyse de la contamination au processus collectif d’alerte Contribution of Ergotoxicology to the Determination of Actual PPE Effectiveness in Protecting Users From Phytosanitary Risks:From Contamination Analysis to the Collective Whistle-Blowing Process Aportes de la ergotoxicoliogía a la evaluación de la eficacia real de los epi destinados a proteger del riesgo fitosanitario : del análisis de la contaminación al proceso colectivo de alerta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alain Garrigou

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available L’objectif de cet article est de présenter des résultats récents d’une recherche/action en ergotoxicologie concernant les risques liés à l’usage des produits phytosanitaires. Cette recherche propose une double articulation : la première entre des résultats issus d’analyses en situations de travail portant sur la contamination externe des viticulteurs et des résultats issus de tests en laboratoire portant sur la perméation des combinaisons. La seconde articulation concerne le lien entre l’ensemble des résultats cités ci-dessus et une analyse des failles techniques et organisationnelles de la conception et des processus de certification des EPI (équipements de protection individuelle. Sur ces bases, la question des EPI sera alors abordée sous l’angle d’un transfert de technologie entre des milieux industriels et les réalités des situations agricoles. Ceci conduit à un diagnostic très préoccupant en matière d’efficacité réelle des combinaisons. Nous aborderons aussi les questions des responsabilités juridiques soulevées par de tels manquements. Enfin, nous détaillerons le rôle de whistler blower (Vaugan, 1996 que nous avons décidé de jouer ainsi que le processus d’alerte que nous avons construit afin de poser autrement le problème des EPI et intéresser l’ensemble des acteurs.This paper presents the results of an ergotoxicologic study on the effectiveness, in real-life conditions, of the protective suits recommended by preventionists. The arguments presented in the paper are based on the Pestexpo study conducted by Isabelle Baldi (Baldi et al. (2002 and Baldi et al. (2006, which involved analyzing the exposure of vineyard workers to plant protection products by using an ergo-toxicologic approach. The point is to identify different types of exposure by taking into account the characteristics of the actual work (as opposed to what the operators are supposed to be doing as an outcome of personal

  19. USE OF WHOLE-BODY VIBRATION AS A MODE OF WARMING UP BEFORE COUNTER MOVEMENT JUMP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrique G. Artero

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Whole-body vibration (WBV has been suggested to be particularly effective on the stretch-shortening cycle-based movements, such as the counter movement jump (CMJ test (Issurin, 2005. Nevertheless, the literature on short-term vibration exposure and lower limb explosive performance (measured by CMJ test is contradictory. Either transient improvements (Bosco et al., 2000; Cochrane and Stannard, 2005; Torvinen et al., 2002a or no effects (Torvinen et al., 2002b; Rittweger et al., 2003; Cormie et al., 2006 have been reported after a single WBV exposure ranging from 30 s to 10 min. The present study aimed at better characterizing the use of a single short bout of WBV as a mode of warming up before a CMJ test.A total of 114 university students (37 men, 77 women, aged 19.6 ± 2.0 years signed an informed consent form and volunteered to participate in the study. The study protocol was approved by the Review Committee for Research Involving Human Subjects of our center. Participants were asked to come to the laboratory in three occasions three days apart. First visit: familiarization session aiming to learn the CMJ technique and to experience the vibration stimulus. Second visit: the participants performed three consecutive CMJ with one min rest interval. No significant differences were observed among the jumps, and the highest score was retained. Third visit: the participants were exposed to a single short bout of WBV and immediately after they performed three CMJ with one min rest interval.An infrared contact timing platform (ERGO JUMP Plus - BOSCO SYSTEM, Byomedic, S.C.P., Barcelona, Spain was used to measure "flight" time (t during the vertical jump (accuracy 0.001 s. Maximum height achieved by the body centre of gravity (h was then estimated, i.e. h = g · t2 / 8, where g = 9.81 m/s2. In all occasions, the participants were instructed to abstain from strenuous exercise for the preceding 24 hours.Whole-body vibration was carried out on an oscillating

  20. PREFACE: International Conference on Functional Materials and Nanotechnologies (FM&NT2012)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sternberg, Andris; Muzikante, Inta; Sarakovskis, Anatolijs; Grinberga, Liga

    2012-08-01

    Organizing Committee sincerely hopes that the Conference gave all the participants new insights into the widespread development of functional materials and nanotechnologies and would enhance the circulation of the information released at the meeting. Inta Muzikante Andris Sternberg Liga Grinberga Anatolijs Sarakovskis Conference photograph The manuscripts are published thanks to the financial support from ERAF project 'Atbalsts starptautiskas sadarbibas projektiem zinatne un tehnologijas LU Cietvielu fizikas instituta' Nr.2010/0204/2DP/2.1.1.2.0./10/APIA/VIAA/010 Sponsors Sponsors flag Sponsors logo International Organizing Committee 1. Andris Sternberg (chairperson), Institute of Solid State Physics, University of Latvia, Latvia 2. Juras Banys, Vilnius University, Lithuania 3. Gunnar Borstel, University of Osnabrück, Germany 4. Niels E Christensen, University of Aarhus, Denmark 5. Robert A Evarestov, St. Petersburg State University, Russia 6. Claes-Goran Granqvist, Uppsala University, Sweden 7. Dag Høvik, The Research Council of Norway, Norway 8. Marco Kirm, Institute of Physics, University of Tartu, Estonia 9. Jiri Kulda, Institut Laue-Langevin, France 10. Witold Lojkowski, Institute of High Pressure Physics, Poland 11. Ergo Nommiste, University of Tartu, Estonia 12. Ingólfur Torbjörnsson, Icelandic Centre for Research, Iceland 13. Marcel H. Van de Voorde, University of Technology Delft, The Netherlands International Program Committee 1. Liga Grinberga (chairperson), Institute of Solid State Physics, University of Latvia, Latvia 2. Eugene Kotomin, Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research, Germany 3. Martins Rutkis, Institute of Solid State Physics, University of Latvia, Latvia 4. Inta Muzikante, Institute of Solid State Physics, University of Latvia, Latvia 5. Liga Berzina-Cimdina, Institute of Biomaterials and Biomechanics, Riga Technical University, Latvia 6. Janis Grabis, Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Riga Technical University, Latvia 7. Linards Skuja