WorldWideScience

Sample records for theology

  1. Theology Today: Comparative Theology as a Catholic Theological Approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Moyaert, M.

    2015-01-01

    Comparative theology is a relatively novel theological approach that revolves around a practice of comparative reading of authoritative religious documents. The International Theological Commission's Theology Today: Perspectives, Principles and Criteria (2012) develops a systematic-theological

  2. Political Theology as critical theology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tanya van Wyk

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This article attempts to draw the scope and content of contemporary Political Theology, based on a review of the 2013 publication titled, Political Theology: Contemporary challenges and future directions, edited by Francis Schüssler Fiorenza, Klaus Tanner and Michael Welker. The book is a collection of contributions which explore the contemporary content and potential future of the subject discipline. ‘Political Theology’ as critical theology and as a ‘theology with its face towards the world’ is committed to ‘justice, peace and the integrity of creation’ and is multifaceted. It represents a discipline with which theologians reflect on political-theological objectives across continents and paradigms. The article concludes with a brief investigation of the implications of insights offered in the book for the South African context (as part of the African continent.

  3. Theological Science Theology is the discipline wh

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Thomas Aquinas claimed the title for theology. Some would claim that theology is a science even in the modem sense. Just as physics concerns the matter and energy of the universe, chemistry its elements and compounds, and biology its morphology and physiology, so theology concerns the divinity of the universe. Others ...

  4. Romanian theology: A theology of dialogue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ioan Chirila

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available This article offers an overview of the development of Romanian theology through the 20th century, especially after 1989, which constituted a new era for the evolution of Romanian theology. The author believes that the greatest challenge for the Romanian Orthodox Church after 1989 is the one that aims at the reconfiguration of the mission of the Christian martyria within the new forms of religious and social freedom. The author states the necessity for Romanian theology for its own katharsis (purification as well as the necessity for eliminating the idea that between theology and the other sciences there is a relationship of antinomy. The author firmly states his credo as a theologian, namely the theological theme of deification/theosis, understood either in the way of Saint Paul as ‘gods through grace’ or in the way of Saint Peter as ‘partakers of the divine nature’: homo-Deus.

  5. Theology and Organization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meier Sørensen, Bent; Spoelstra, Sverre; Höpfl, Heather

    2012-01-01

    of religious practices in organizations. Instead, theology of organization recognizes that the way we think about and act in organizations is profoundly structured by theological concepts. In this editorial to the special issue we have three aims: to outline what theology of organization is, to show how......) show how theological concepts have survived unaltered in organizational contexts and (3) show how theological concepts have been corrupted or lost their original meaning when deployed in organizational contexts. In the final section of this editorial, we introduce the five contributions to this issue...

  6. Transformations in Luther's Theology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    New research on Luther focuses on his exciting potential to be a dialogue partner for religion and theology today. This edited collection considers how Luther’s most important reformation-theological insights have been interpreted and understood throughout the past century and how his key...... theological ideas can be recontextualized by contemporary global issues. Luther’s theology is ultimately relevant to the political, economic, and justice-dimensions of human flourishing. Reviews in Theologische Literaturzeitung 137/3 (2012), 232-325 (Markus Totzeck), in Luther 83/3 (2012), 114-115 (Sibylle...

  7. Religion, theology and cosmology

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    John T. Fitzgerald

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Cosmology is one of the predominant research areas of the contemporary world. Advances in modern cosmology have prompted renewed interest in the intersections between religion, theology and cosmology. This article, which is intended as a brief introduction to the series of studies on theological cosmology in this journal, identifies three general areas of theological interest stemming from the modern scientific study of cosmology: contemporary theology and ethics; cosmology and world religions; and ancient cosmologies. These intersections raise important questions about the relationship of religion and cosmology, which has recently been addressed by William Scott Green and is the focus of the final portion of the article.

  8. Theology and Literature

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    A collection of essays published in the journal Literature and Theology based on selected papers from the 2012 international conference of the International Society of Religion, Literature and Culture: Cultures of Transition: Presence, Absence, Memory, held at the Faculty of Theology in Copenhagen...

  9. Golden rule (standing theology)

    OpenAIRE

    Ellis, Randolph

    2017-01-01

    This study offers an example of ‘standing theology’ as distinguished from sitting theology or kneeling theology. The occasion was the Fourth Sunday of Easter in Bangor Cathedral, 2015. The Epistle reading was 1 John 3: 16–24.\\ud \\ud

  10. Documentary Visions, Theological Insights

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alderman, Isaac M.; Beyers, Donald J.

    2009-01-01

    In an attempt to engage students' higher-order thinking skills, we developed a documentary filmmaking project for our introduction to theology course. By documenting certain aspects of the theology of John Wesley and John Henry Newman (God, creation, revelation, Jesus, the church), students were able to delve deeply into these themes, better…

  11. Living theologically – Towards a theology of Christian practice in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A brief analysis of the three perspectives indicates a close connection between theology and everyday life: theology and life are linked in praise (orthodoxy), action (orthopraxy) and passion (orthopathy). This article focuses on the paradigm of narrative theology and shows that, when used correctly, narrative theology ...

  12. Analytic Theology as Confessional Theology with a Linguistic Edge

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    Harrower Scott

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Clarity about analytic theology’s theological authorities and their relative order will secure analytic theology’s place at the systematic theological table. Indeed, working on this issue suggests that analytic theology has the potential to be the best kind of confessional theology because not only can it receive and regulate classic sources of authority, but it has an advantage over other forms of systematic theology in the realm of philosophy of language. This paper makes two contributions towards this goal. Firstly, it proposes “hermeneutical confessionalism” as a way for AT practitioners to order theological authorities. It is a confessional approach for determining the relative weight and significance of various theological authorities for the task of analytic theology. This model is warranted by the hermeneutical trajectories set by the reception of theological pressures in the New Testament, the early “Rule of Faith” and the Seven Ecumenical Councils. This historically realist and ecclesial approach for ordering theological authorities is set over and against other models in which theological sources have little explicit theological ordering and are mostly treated launching pads for thought experiments. Secondly, I suggest that analytic theology may be able to develop theological outcomes that are not possible for other forms of systematic theology. This is possible because it has a historical affinity with, and the skill set to deploy, precise and theologically invested forms of language as theological resources. Such possibilities originate in analytic theology’s direct pedigree from 20th century analytic philosophy, and from its affinity with some proto-analytic theologians from the Middle Ages. These points about the necessity of sophisticated uses of language as a theological authority and working within the hermeneutical bounds of creedal Christianity are demonstrated via a case study. The case study makes a number of

  13. Theological Predication, Doctrinal Location, and Method in Analytic Theology

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    Peterson Ryan S.

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Theological method is situated properly in relation to a range of doctrinal commitments, especially commitments located in the doctrines of God, creation, and theological anthropology. In this article, I use Thomas Aquinas’s account of theological predication to illustrate this doctrinal and methodological interconnection. Then, I describe the methodological commitments of analytic theology as they have been articulated by its advocates and argue that analytic theology should embrace an explicitly theological methodology. This requires taking seriously the proper ends of theology and the varied means used by theologians in the Christian theological tradition. I argue that analytic theologians should nurture attentiveness to theology’s chief end (the visio Dei and the corresponding goals of faithful worship and personal formation, the doctrinal order in which specific doctrinal questions find their proper context and location (beginning from and ending with the doctrine of God, and the practices that facilitate good theological judgment-making (prayer and contemplation.

  14. Narrative theology: An adequate paradigm for theological reflection ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    As reflection on the religious claims embedded in stories, narrative theology touches the nerve of theology: what is the epistemological status of theological theories if they are based on discourse which is fundamentally narrative and metaphorical? This paper analyzes this question, along with the important differences ...

  15. Bioethics and Christian theology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griniezakis, Makarios; Symeonides, Nathanael

    2005-01-01

    The authors of this essay suggest that the field of bioethics and Christian theology have a great deal to offer each other. The authors first argue that representatives from both fields must first make sure that they fully and correctly represent their respective position. In other words, scientists, ethicists, and theologians alike must make sure that they present their fields and not use their knowledge merely for personal gain at the stake of misguiding people. Once this is established, the authors then proceed to show the intimate relationship between Christianity and medicine that has existed throughout the ages. It is a call for a continuation of such a relationship that the authors suggest between bioethics and theology. Through an integration of bioethics and Christian theology, both scientists/physicians and theologians are able to gain greater insight into the human person--a focus in both fields.

  16. HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Religio-scientific aspects of theology. Theology cannot pronounce the science of religion an irrelevant matter, as that would amount to an indifference regarding the missionary task, on the one hand, and on the other hand would demonstrate ignorance regarding its own nature. Theology is being practised in the area ...

  17. Charismatic Theology: Approaches and Themes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cartledge, Mark J.

    2004-01-01

    Ever since the irruption of Pentecostal spirituality within Protestant and Roman Catholic denominations, there has been a gradual emergence of what might be called "charismatic theology". To be sure a lot of this theology is and has been written at a popular level, but within the last twenty years there has evolved a distinct theology with…

  18. Pragmaticism, Science and Theology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brier, Søren

    2016-01-01

    This review assesses Ashley and Deely’s claims regarding the relation of science and religion, taking Einstein’s famous statement that “science without religion is lame, religion without science is blind” as its starting point. It argues that Ashley and Deely’s book How Science Enriches Theology...

  19. Some Theological Reflections

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polkinghorne, John

    Georges Lemaître's status as a pioneer cosmologist and catholic priest make him an iconic figure expressing the complementary compatibility of science and religion. His emphasis that creation is to be understood as concerned with the whole of the universe's history and not solely with its beginning is an essential insight. The greatest challenge to theology lies in the scientific prediction of ultimate cosmic futility. These and other relevant issues are briefly discussed.

  20. Toward an Earthbound Theology

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    Roberts Austin J.

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available This article considers some metaphysical and theological implications of the Anthropocene, which is the proposed name for a new geological epoch that is characterized by massive human disturbances of the Earth system. This stratigraphic time unit concludes the Holocene epoch that offered a relatively stable climate for human civilizations to emerge and flourish. The Anthropocene therefore marks the end of such natural stabilities - both real and imagined - along with a growing awareness of the dynamic agency or subjectivity of the Earth. By magnifying nonhuman subjectivity, the new epoch is widely interpreted by scholars across a range of disciplines as unsettling modern dualistic notions of human exceptionalism. Consequently, nonhuman nature is no longer a relatively inert background for human cultural activities. Humans and nonhumans must now be seen as interrelated Earth subjects. This nonmodern perspective suggests an ecological metaphysics of intersubjectivity along the lines of Alfred North Whitehead’s philosophy of organism, which redistributes subjectivity, creativity, and transcendence throughout nature. Theology in the Anthropocene must therefore account for this nondual view of reality, which arguably implies a divine-world relation characterized by mutual immanence. The proposed earthbound theology ultimately envisions the divine as poetic exemplification of intersubjectivity.

  1. Theological paradigms and conservative Afrikaners | Robbertze ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1988) reject foundationalistic theology and recommend a holistic theological ap proach. In this process contextual theology, which emphasises the distinctiveness of individual nations, is accused of being the 'domination paradigm' and is even ...

  2. The theology of creation in Vito Mancuso's radical theology | Simut ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Thus, matter is the mother of all existing realities which include the universe, nature and even the soul. In other words, Mancuso proposes a theology from below which seeks to re-interpret the basic teachings of Christianity in a way which sheds light on the experience of today's world. This theological program includes the ...

  3. Romanian theology: A theology of dialogue | Chirilã | HTS ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article offers an overview of the development of Romanian theology through the 20th century, especially after 1989, which constituted a new era for the evolution of Romanian theology. The author believes that the greatest challenge for the Romanian Orthodox Church after 1989 is the one that aims at the reconfi ...

  4. Detecting God in practices: Theology in an empirical–theological ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    What is the nature of reality in theological research and how can this 'theological' reality be known? Can we empirically research God's performance in reality? This article tries to find some common ground on this contested issue by presenting a debate between three Dutch practical theologians: Van der Ven, Immink, and ...

  5. Missional theology and social development

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    p1243322

    Abstract. The article describes a theological paradigm shift taking place in congregations in South Africa that empower them to become involved in development work as a way of serving their neighbor. It also opens the possibility of working interdisciplinary without compromising theological and faith values.

  6. HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies is an acclaimed Open Access journal with broad coverage that promotes multidisciplinary, religious, and biblical aspects of studies in the international theological arena. The journal's publication criteria are based on high ethical standards and the rigor of the methodology and ...

  7. Theological reflections on empire

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    Allan A. Boesak

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Since the meeting of the World Alliance of Reformed Churches in Accra, Ghana (2004, and the adoption of the Accra Declaration, a debate has been raging in the churches about globalisation, socio-economic justice, ecological responsibility, political and cultural domination and globalised war. Central to this debate is the concept of empire and the way the United States is increasingly becoming its embodiment. Is the United States a global empire? This article argues that the United States has indeed become the expression of a modern empire and that this reality has considerable consequences, not just for global economics and politics but for theological refl ection as well.

  8. Teaching the Arts of Public Theology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casey, Shaun

    2006-01-01

    While intense discussions are raging over the definition and status of public theology, within graduate theological education relatively little attention is being paid to the teaching of the practices of public theology. This article explores one venue in graduate theological education that attempts to equip seminary and divinity school students…

  9. European dimensions in Romanian Theological Discourse | Chirila ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article underlines particularly those aspects of Romanian theology that distinguish it from other theological refl ections. By making use of liturgical discourse, Romanian theology refl ects the ecumenical dimension of the prayers of the Divine Liturgy. It is this specifi city that provides Romanian theology's missionary ...

  10. Theology and Literature: a theological approximation with Machado de Assis

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    Renato Gomes Alves

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The theological discourse today is understood as something restricted to the ecclesiastical and clerical ambit. However, increasingly has been perceived openness to dialogue and broadening your horizons, within a globalized and secularized. The dialogue takes place when there is proximity to their interlocutors. Therefore, this work aims at approximation between Theology and Literature, the latter very well represented by Machado de Assis. In his Epitaph of a Small Winner, we find a machadian vision of man. Nevertheless, Theology, notoriously, is not without Anthropology. From this point in common, we awakened to think about God, who became Man to save us.

  11. Evolutionary Theology and Bioethics

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    Alexander Georgievich Yushchenko

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The essential theses of evolutional theology are set forth here, which assume biological evolution to be either a technology of the Creator or His own evolution towards understanding His own intentions and attributes. The paradigm of evolutional Christianity is reviwed along with the position and the role of humans in the psychophysical megasynthesis of the Universe and the attibutes of religious and scientifically-atheistic world-view. Biological evolution is interpreted as an ascending row of divine embodiments in biological organisms culminated in the most cephalized  living forms:  human being (terrestrial form and higher dolphins (water form. The establishment of communication between these living forms is considered a necessary stage of integration of Noospheric consciousness. It is suggested to use the ethics of the Creator’s attitude to human beings, as a basis of bio-ethical attitude of humans to animals, especially to higher ones possessing advanced intellect and soul.

  12. Missional theological curricula and institutions

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    Kruger P. du Preez

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article argues in favour of an all-embracing missional framework for curriculum development for theological institutions. When the curriculum of a subject such as ecclesiologyhas a missional hermeneutic, it will naturally lead to missional congregations. The authors use issues raised by the Network for African Congregational Theology (NetACT institutions and the decisions of the Third Lausanne Congress in Cape Town (2010 as reference points in this article. They argue for a broad understanding of the concept �missional� and are of the opinion that curricula that are integrative, normative, contextual and missional will lead to spiritual maturity and will result in a positive impact on church and society as a whole. The missio Deias the work of the Trinitarian God is seen as being God�s initiative. The incarnational modelof Jesus Christ forms the basis for a theology and missiology where humility, vulnerability and servanthood play a pivotal role in curricula. An appeal is made for holistic missions with a strong emphasis on social engagement and the inclusion of community development. The Holy Spirit is seen as the empowering presence of the missio Dei, and the role of pneumatologyin missional curriculum development is underscored. Theological institutes should become�proclamation� institutions. Curricula should be ecumenical by nature and should include reaching the unreached and unengaged people groups. Theological education by extension is presented as an alternative way of decent ralised theological education.Intradisciplinary and/or interdisciplinary implications: The article calls for theology to be done with a missional hermeneutic, both intradisciplinarily and interdisciplinarily. The article involves theology and education and calls for all disciplines dealing with community development to collaborate.

  13. The theology and praxis of practical theology in the context of the Faculty of Theology

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    Tobias H. Steyn

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Notwithstanding the carefully defined parameters of the various departments within theology, the aspirant student sometimes finds it difficult to define the precise department within which a specific study would best be located. We have discovered that these various fields and departments have many areas of commonality and the borders between them are tested often, even in our own studies. However, we have learned that crossing between one field and another should not be seen as a problem but as strength, as it will enable the researcher to motivate and test his or her theological convictions. It is in this context that the subject of this article finds its motivation. Through it we have argued for a practical theology that will be responsible for engaging with its own theology, in order to find the necessary energy to sustain itself. Not only should practical theology be energised by its theology, it should also, as its name implies, be practical in its nature, offering help to all people in need of pastoral care.

  14. The theology and praxis of practical theology in the context of the Faculty of Theology

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    Tobias H. Steyn

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Notwithstanding the carefully defined parameters of the various departments within theology, the aspirant student sometimes finds it difficult to define the precise department within which a specific study would best be located. We have discovered that these various fields and departments have many areas of commonality and the borders between them are tested often, even in our own studies. However, we have learned that crossing between one field and another should not be seen as a problem but as strength, as it will enable the researcher to motivate and test his or her theological convictions. It is in this context that the subject of this article finds its motivation. Through it we have argued for a practical theology that will be responsible for engaging with its own theology, in order to find the necessary energy to sustain itself. Not only should practical theology be energised by its theology, it should also, as its name implies, be practical in its nature, offering help to all people in need of pastoral care.

  15. Theology under the sign of crossing. Towards an intercultural theology

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    Sinivaldo Silva Tavares

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The Market, Technoscience, and the Media, all interconnected, constitute an efficient gearing that moves the world in which we live. This network was reinforced by three great transformations: the move from a market economy to a market society, from technology as an instrument to the emergence of Technoscience as a horizon, and finally the transformation from communication as a means to the media as a setting.  Questioned by this new situation, theology becomes conscious of the necessity to submit itself to an intercultural transformation.  It chooses the intercultural as its formal object of study, distancing itself from the modern paradigm of History, the setting of the principal theological currents of the 20th century.  The intercultural, then, is assumed as a theological place: a perspective from which various ideas can be studied.  This is the condition by which an intercultural theology can contribute responsibly to our age, one that regrettably manifests penury of thinking.  This theological approach invites us to consider knowledge as a texture of care and as recognition, and it reminds us of the very dimensions of Language as mediation of human existence and of life in general.

  16. Syntropy, Teleology and Theology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vannini, Antonella; Di Corpo, Ulisse

    2012-09-01

    The energy/momentum/mass equation of Einstein's Special Relativity is a quadratic equation: E2 = m2c4 + p2c2 Where E is energy, m is mass, p momentum and c the constant of the speed of light. Quadratic equations always have two solutions: one positive and one negative. The variable time is in the momentum (p) and consequently the positive solution describes energy which diverges from a cause, whereas the backward in time solution describes energy which diverges backward in time from a future cause and corresponds, for us moving forward in time, to energy which converges towards an attractor. The backward in time solution implies retrocausality and was therefore considered unacceptable. Einstein solved the problem assuming that the momentum (p) is always equal to zero, since the speed of physical bodies is extremely small when compared to the speed of light (c). In this way the equation simplifies into the famous E = mc2, which always has positive solution. However, in quantum mechanics the spin of particles nears the speed of light and the full energy/momentum/mass equation is required with its unwanted negative solution. In 1941 Luigi Fantappiè, listing the mathematical properties of the negative solution found that they coincide with the properties of life: concentration of energy, increase in differentiation and complexity, and came to the conclusion that the unwanted negative solution is real. This solution implies retrocausality, a teleological universe and provides the ground for the scientific discussion of theology.

  17. Environmental Problems in Africa: A Theological Response ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

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    Environmental Problems in Africa: A Theological Response ... technology, urbanization, the internet, globalization and theology are related to ecology ... apply ethical scientific knowledge to food ..... ecological education, and useful information.

  18. Theological Reflection on Tourism and Leisure

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    Maciej Ostrowski

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Tourism is one of the most popular leisure activities. In this article we intend to point out a few elements that may constitute the founding blocks of a theology of leisure and a theology of tourism: a theology of time, a theology of freedom, a theology of creation, a theology of leisure, a theology of joy, a theology of the journey ( homo viator , homo peregrinus . There are many points both in the Bible and in the teachings of the Church that leave room for the development of this notion. According to the Second Vatican Council, tourism is classified as one of the contemporary phenomena which can be described as one of the signs of time. The Council recommends individuals and groups to study them carefully and incorporate them in the general context of pastoral work.

  19. Proclus’ View about Negative Theology

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    S Rahimiyan

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Negative theology is a modern theological approach that idiomatically implies those theological doctrines which are based on the negative premises and concepts for describing God. Among Greeks, this approach was on its climax in Neo-Platonism. Proclus is one of the Neo-Platonists who lived in fifth century (A.D and was in charge of Athena academy for years. He was the most important Neo-Platonist after Plotinus. In his philosophical system, on the one hand, it is impossible to recognize the first source and, on the other hand, the existence of some principles like the relationship between the creator and the universe, reversion and the way of emanation receiving, requires the knowledge of the first source. It seems that such paradox can be resolved by separating the stages of existence order.

  20. Bioethics, theology, and social change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cahill, Lisa Sowle

    2003-01-01

    Recent years have witnessed a concern among theological bioethicists that secular debate has grown increasingly "thin," and that "thick" religious traditions and their spokespersons have been correspondingly excluded. This essay disputes that analysis. First, religious and theological voices compete for public attention and effectiveness with the equally "thick" cultural traditions of modern science and market capitalism. The distinctive contribution of religion should be to emphasize social justice in access to the benefits of health care, challenging the for-profit global marketing of research and biotechnology to wealthy consumers. Second, religion and theology have been and are still socially effective in sponsoring activism for practical change, both locally and globally. This claim will be supported with specific examples; with familiar concepts like subsidiarity and "middle axioms"; and with recent analyses of "participatory democracy" and of emerging, decentralized forms of global governance.

  1. Two criticisms of natural theology

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    Błażej Gębura

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article aims at considering two general criticisms often formulated against the natural theology. First criticism is based on the thesis that the conclusions of the natural theology are not adequate with the religious beliefs of non-philosophers. It is widely known as opposition between God of Religion and God of Philosophers. One can find that argument in the writings of Blaise Pascal. I’m arguing for the thesis, that the natural theologian cannot fulfill the criteria given by the proponents of this argument. This is because the argument of the natural theology cannot contains the premises taken from the Revelation. If the argument of the natural theology would contain the premises taken from the Revelation, then it would be the argument of religion. But philosopher of religion (natural theologian can’t do this, if he wants to formulate an philosophical argument. The second criticism is based on the notion of a rational person. In the light of this argument, the natural theology is successful only, if every rational person will accept the conclusion “God exist”. I’m trying to show that there is no philosophical argument that can guarantee it’s acceptance by some rational persons. The acceptance of the conclusion of the argument of the natural theology is a matter of personal decision. There is no logical argument, which can “force” rational persons (rational subjects to accept it’s conclusion. But if this is true, the arguments for the existence of God are no worse than other philosophical arguments.

  2. White theology in dialogue with Black Theology: Exploring the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-05-30

    May 30, 2016 ... This article explores the contribution of Klippies Kritzinger, a South African missiologist and theologian, to a white critical and anti-racist theology. As will be pointed out below, this emphasis has been central to Kritzinger's academic work since his doctoral studies (completed in 1988) but has not been ...

  3. A/theology: Emphasizing on Inevitability of Theology

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    Hassan Fathzade

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The age of the sign is essentially theological. The system that is based on a basic concept, a concept that shapes the circulation of signs, is essentially theological. This central concept has named in each thought differently: the reality, essence, existence, truth, God, Logos, Nous, End etc. In This logocentric system(s, there is a transcendental signified that means and proves the chain of signification. Deconstructive reading of Derrida showed that there is no signified outside of the chain of signification that makes language to have bound. This revolutionary idea collapses hierarchical significative oppositions, and thus makes signifiers to be rank and homologous. By erasing the oppositions of signifiers, it is nonsense to talk about death of God; there is no death, and no life. We're always in the middle of an eternal play. Word (Logos, yet constantly erased and written and rewritten. A/theology is the absurdity of this claims that theology has terminated; a new a/system for those who lives in borders.

  4. The Functions of Theology to Christian Tradition

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    Ghasem Kakaie

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The term Theology has various definitions and meanings in the Christian tradition. In this article, after discussing these definitions and meanings we have tried to illuminate the extended functions of theology in Christianity and we have also explained the meaning of this term which has been entered to our literature by means of translation from European languages into Persian. In this connection, the history of the term, "theology", is discussed rapidly and then some main branches of theology explained according to its functions. Finally, we have concentrated on some equivalents of "theology" in Persian language.

  5. The Functions of Theology to Christian Tradition

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    Ghasem Kakaie

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The term Theology has various definitions and meanings in the Christian tradition. In this article, after discussing these definitions and meanings we have tried to illuminate the extended functions of theology in Christianity and we have also explained the meaning of this term which has been entered to our literature by means of translation from European languages into Persian. In this connection, the history of the term, "theology", is discussed rapidly and then some main branches of theology explained according to its functions. Finally, we have concentrated on some equivalents of "theology" in Persian language.

  6. Deaf Liberation Theology and Social Justice

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    Hannah Lewis

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Deaf Liberation Theology is a branch of theology that has been developed over the past twenty years, with the book Deaf Liberation Theology published by Ashgate in 2007 (Lewis 2007 as a focal point of this development. This article briefly looks at the roots of Deaf Liberation Theology in both the concept of Deaf people as an oppressed linguistic minority and the principles of Liberation theology as an engaged contextual theology using the methodology of the hermeneutical circle. It then seeks to examine the impact of Deaf Liberation Theology in practice over the past decade, in particular the impact especially through increasing self-confidence and self-esteem so that deaf people themselves feel empowered to work for social justice. It will use personal reflections by a number of deaf individuals in the UK as source material, and look at how this experience and developments in Deaf studies might develop into the future to further develop social justice.

  7. Pengaruh Skeptisisme terhadap Konsep World Theology dan Global Theology

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    Ahmad Saifulloh

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Scepticism, in a socio-historical study of philosophy in the West, appeared to have large considerable portion compared with the theories. Scepticism, here means is making a the point of view caution, suspicion, and not directly justify the theory of truth. With all sorts of implementations it generates in the philosophy discourse, Scepticism has become one of the methods to reach the truth. But in terms of theology, it gives a different effect. Scepticism has made the standard of truth of the religions is not based on the ‘truth claim’ that is essentially owned by each religion anymore. Truth is human subjectivity. ‘World Theology’ concept presented by Wilfred Cantwell Smith, the concept of Global Theology presented by John Hick is two discourses of religious pluralism doctrine which affected by scepticism.

  8. Political theology and eschatological war

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Griško Miroslav

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The intent of this paper is to describe the antagonism that constitutes the eschatological position, i.e., the inseparability of eschatology from a concept of eschatological war, through 1 the political theology of Carl Schmitt, 2 Orthodox Christological anthropology and 3 the nomadology of Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari. Schmitt's political theology can be understood as a theory of eschatological war. The theological character of Schimtt's work entails that 'the secularisation of theological concepts' is constitutive of the eschatological concept of cosmological finitude. Moreover, Schmitt's distinction between friend and enemy, which informs his concept of politics as the 'political', aims to identify the primary antagonism of eschatological history. For Schmitt, the liberal end of history is the absolutisation of the enemy, as liberalism denies the fundamental distinction of the political, namely, liberalism maintains that war is over on the basis of its claim to immanent historical truth. From the position of Orthodox Christological anthropology, liberalism also contains a clear eschatological element. The anthropology of liberalism is consistent with the gnomic will, which, according to St. Maximus the Confessor, is the fallen definition of human freedom, i.e., freedom as choice. Freedom as the natural will, in contrast, determines the ethical mission of man as the soteriological deification of cosmos. The lines of eschatological war can be further illustrated through the work of Deleuze and Guattari as well as Heinz Von Foerster, whose concepts of diagram/ abstract machine and trivial/non-trivial machine may contribute to an understanding of how a concept of war informs the transformative cosmology which belongs to the eschatological logic of cosmic finitude and deification, theosis.

  9. English for Bible and Theology: Understanding and Communicating Theology across Cultural and Linguistic Barriers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierson, Cheri; Bankston, Will

    2013-01-01

    This article introduces English for Bible and Theology (EBT), an inherently interdisciplinary field that merges English language learning with the content of biblical and theological studies in a context that is, by nature, cross-cultural. Within this collaboration there exists the possibility not only to enable theological study, but also to…

  10. Theology in Australian Higher Education: The "Newcastle Model" Brings Theology Home to the Academy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Douglas, Brian; Lovat, Terence

    2010-01-01

    This article investigates the movement of theological education away from diocesan controlled theological colleges in the Anglican Church of Australia into the mainstream curriculum of public universities. Particular reference is made to the establishment of Theology as an area of study at The University of Newcastle. Other models of theological…

  11. Integrating Suum-ngi Theology of Peace in Gindiri Theological Seminary Curriculum in Nigeria. An African Theological Perspective

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    Pokol, Benjamin J

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This article argues that Gindiri theological seminary in Nigeria has done little or nothing to include issues of peace in theological education for the pastors in Church of Christ in Nations (COCIN of Nigeria. Consequently the Church of Christ in Nations seems to have failed to engage adequately in promoting peace among their members in the national search for peace and religious tolerance in Nigeria. The article further argues that the theological seminary which produces pastors and lay church leaders for pastoral ministry has a responsibility to equip pastors with necessary tools for responding to peace challenges facing the country. Therefore, the article advocates for the mainstreaming of Suum-ngi theology of peace in the curriculum of Gindiri Theological Seminary.

  12. Theology Facing Religious Diversity: The Perspective of Latin American Pluralist Theology

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    Paulo A. N. Baptista

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Life is plural and diverse, biodiverse. This reality has always provoked philosophy, the sciences, and also theology. But how does theological thinking reflect on this eco-human diversity? What about religious diversity? Are diversity and pluralism the same phenomenon? These questions express the aim of this article: to reflect on theology in the face of diversity and pluralism. With the methodology of bibliographic analysis, the article begins by discussing the challenges of this reality. Then it deals with how theology confronts diversity and pluralism. In the end, it reflects on the possibility of Latin American Liberation Theology being conceived as pluralist, articulating itself with the Theology of Religious Pluralism—especially from the 1990s. One of the exponents of the Latin American Liberation Theology that justifies such a paradigm shift is the theologian Leonardo Boff. With his outputs, Latin American theology starts to realize, from the ecological paradigm, the articulation between liberation and dialogue, then being called pluralistic liberation theology. The conclusions of the article point out that cultural change, the ecological paradigm and, recently, the questions of decolonial theology, have led theological thinking to transform more, facing the socio-environmental challenges of diversity, conflicts, and interreligious dialogue, accepting even more the awareness of pluralism.

  13. Ecology and economics: Partners in theological conversation

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Book Review http://www.hts.org.za doi:10.4102/hts.v67i3.1133. Ecology and economics: Partners in theological conversation. Book Title: Theology that matters: Ecology, economy, and God. Book Cover: Editor: Darby K. Ray. ISBN: 9780800637941. Publisher: Fortress, Minneapolis, p. 245, $13.20*. *Book price at time of ...

  14. Learning theological ethics through the Heidelberg Catechism ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    HC) in order to examine a disposing pattern of sensibility and affection as well as four lessons for a contemporary Protestant theological ethic. It also suggests a revision of the catechism's basic theology in light of the current ecological crisis ...

  15. Overcoming alienation in Africanising theological education

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-02-22

    p. 16). Duncan (2000:27–28) makes it clear that within theological education there is a need not only for change of the forms and content of the curriculum, but also for a focus on the poor in society. Contextual theology is only ...

  16. a postfoundationalist research paradigm of practical theology

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2010-07-18

    Jul 18, 2010 ... Park, S-K., 2010, 'A postfoundationalist research paradigm of practical theology ',. HTS Teologiese Studies/. Theological Studies 66(2),. Art. #849, 6 pages. DOI: 10.4102/hts.v66i2. ... Philosophically, the foundationalist views transform the narratives by which we live into the typical grand metanarratives of ...

  17. Overcoming alienation in Africanising theological education

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-02-22

    Feb 22, 2016 ... Open Access. HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies ... mobile device to read online. ... indigenous knowledge of value that can be utilised in theological education, where the English ... students, because the curriculum does not reflect the ... contends that the Africanising of universities encompasses.

  18. Overcoming alienation in Africanising theological education

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-02-22

    Feb 22, 2016 ... It unpacks the idea of Africanisation within higher education in general, examining the rationale behind the calls for Africanisation, followed by a discussion on the implications of Africanisation for theological education. Overcoming alienation in Africanising theological education. Read online: Scan this QR.

  19. The Death of God in Theology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Saghaug, Kristin Falck; Rasmussen, Ole Horn; Lindgren, Peter

    and illuminate the creation of a meaningful and even “smart” business model. Originality/value - The death of an objectified image of God as some highest being liberated modern theology - here addressed through the theology of Paul Tillich - but the traces of objectified images of God continue to grow hidden...

  20. Missional theology and social development | Hendriks | HTS ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The article describes a theological paradigm shift taking place in congregations in South Africa that empower them to become involved in development work as a way of serving their neighbor. It also opens the possibility of working interdisciplinary without compromising theological and faith values. The perspectives and ...

  1. The Influence of Mutazilah Theology upon Karaite Theology

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    ghorban Elmi

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available   Abstract:   Excessive sanctity of the oral tradition (Talmud among Rabbinic Judaism, sometimes, which marginalized the Holy Scriptures among Jews, caused appearance of a sect that rejected the oral tradition. It was the Karaites sect that appeared in 8th century the century of Messiah movements of the eastern Jewish society. Among the causes of these Messiah movements are the appearance of Islam, and reestablishment of the traditional style of leadership of the Jewish society and the appearance of social-economical riots as consequences of this kind of leadership.   Responding to these crises some Jews found some reforms necessary in their religion. Among these was Anan Ben David. The general rule of Anan was rejection of oral tradition, and returning to the Hebrew Scriptures (Old Testament. He believed every individual is required to take responsibility for interpreting the Scriptures, which resulted nothing but a lot of divisions in his newly appeared sect. But Karaite scholars prevented the sect from experiencing more split, by approving a series of interpretation rules.   In the 10th and 11th centuries, Karaite literary men like Kirkisāni, David b. Boaz, Japhet b. Ali, Joseph Al-Basir and Jeshua b. Judah appeared and laid the foundation of Karaite's theological philosophy by getting help from Mutazilah theology. And after this period, Karaite scholars just engaged in translation, explanation and interpretation of the rich works of this period and created the most useful Jewish philosophy in Middle Ages.

  2. The Influence of Mutazilah Theology upon Karaite Theology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ghorban Elmi

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract:   Excessive sanctity of the oral tradition (Talmud among Rabbinic Judaism, sometimes, which marginalized the Holy Scriptures among Jews, caused appearance of a sect that rejected the oral tradition. It was the Karaites sect that appeared in 8th century the century of Messiah movements of the eastern Jewish society. Among the causes of these Messiah movements are the appearance of Islam, and reestablishment of the traditional style of leadership of the Jewish society and the appearance of social-economical riots as consequences of this kind of leadership.   Responding to these crises some Jews found some reforms necessary in their religion. Among these was Anan Ben David. The general rule of Anan was rejection of oral tradition, and returning to the Hebrew Scriptures (Old Testament. He believed every individual is required to take responsibility for interpreting the Scriptures, which resulted nothing but a lot of divisions in his newly appeared sect. But Karaite scholars prevented the sect from experiencing more split, by approving a series of interpretation rules.   In the 10th and 11th centuries, Karaite literary men like Kirkisāni, David b. Boaz, Japhet b. Ali, Joseph Al-Basir and Jeshua b. Judah appeared and laid the foundation of Karaite's theological philosophy by getting help from Mutazilah theology. And after this period, Karaite scholars just engaged in translation, explanation and interpretation of the rich works of this period and created the most useful Jewish philosophy in Middle Ages.

  3. The Influence of Mutazilah Theology upon Karaite Theology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr ghorban Elmi

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Excessive sanctity of the oral tradition (Talmud among Rabbinic Judaism, sometimes, which marginalized the Holy Scriptures among Jews, caused appearance of a sect that rejected the oral tradition. It was the Karaites sect that appeared in 8th century; the century of Messiah movements of the eastern Jewish society. Among the causes of these Messiah movements are the appearance of Islam, and reestablishment of the traditional style of leadership of the Jewish society; and the appearance of social-economical riots as consequences of this kind of leadership. Responding to these crises some Jews found some reforms necessary in their religion. Among these was Anan Ben David. The general rule of Anan was rejection of oral tradition, and returning to the Hebrew Scriptures (Old Testament. He believed every individual is required to take responsibility for interpreting the Scriptures, which resulted nothing but a lot of divisions in his newly appeared sect. But Karaite scholars prevented the sect from experiencing more split, by approving a series of interpretation rules. In the 10th and 11th centuries, Karaite literary men like Kirkisāni, David b. Boaz, Japhet b. Ali, Joseph Al-Basir and Jeshua b. Judah appeared; and laid the foundation of Karaite's theological philosophy by getting help from Mutazilah theology. And after this period, Karaite scholars just engaged in translation, explanation and interpretation of the rich works of this period and created the most useful Jewish philosophy in Middle Ages.

  4. African witchcraft in theological perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I.W.C. van Wyk

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available This article is a theological contribution aimed at creating an understanding of the phenomenon of witchcraft in South Africa. Witchcraft still causes major social problems in this country. The article argues that the development of a culture of human rights and the improvement of the judicial process alone will not solve this problem. Witchcraft is a too deeply rooted religious phenomenon. The phenomenon is described in its religious complexity and diversity. Witchcraft is discussed within the framework of the African theodicy.

  5. Beyond dogmatism: Rationality in theology and science

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wentzel van Huyssteen

    1988-01-01

    Full Text Available The justification of cognitive claims in theology can be dealt with adequately only if the epistemological issues of metaphorical reference, experiential adequacy and explanatory progress are seen as crucial problems for the more encompassing problem of rationality in theology. To claim some form of reality depiction the theologian will have to argue for a plausible theory of reference on the basis of interpreted religious experience. In this discussion important analogies between the rationality of theological theorizing and the rationality of science are revealed. Thus explanatory progress in theology shows itself to be a form of inference to the best explanation, and the rationahty of both theology and science is therefore determined by certain epistemic values.

  6. the utility of practical theology: mapping the domain, goals ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    but what is the utility of practical theology? This article want to 'deconstruct' the consensus that all practical theology is by default practical. If practical theology wants to ... on the basis of the role of practical theology in learning practical skills in order to ... to Osmer, the major difference between his theory and that developed.

  7. Historical Theology at public universities matter

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    Jerry Pillay

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available South African universities are in the process of serious transformation and restructuring. The place of faculties of theology at universities has come under the spotlight resulting in the closure of several theological faculties or in the moving of theology to other faculties, mainly humanities or arts. Theology is under pressure and in the current academic environment, Church History, in its traditional form, has all but disappeared from South African universities.  This article is an attempt to address the current situation. Whilst this article looks at the issue of theology at public universities, its main focus is to explore the future study of church history in the context of universities and, in particular, a Faculty of Theology. Understanding church history in the broad framework as Historical Theology, this article asserts the significance of church history at public universities, but points out the need to restructure the Department giving due consideration to community engagement, internationalisation, transformation, africanisation and interreligious collaboration. All of these would have a serious impact on teaching, learning and research.

  8. Cosmic Origin and Theology of the Revelation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guijarro, José Francisco

    2007-04-01

    All along cultural history man has asked himself about the origin of man, the origin of life ante the origin of the cosmos. Regarding the question about the origin of the cosmos, any theological research must settle before any other goal the question of its language: what we understand as scientific, mythical or theological language. The biblical texts on Creation are analyzed in their historical, cultural and theological context. It is concluded that the fundamental religious meanings of the biblical texts are not in opposition to scientific interpretation of cosmic origin.

  9. Theological Compatibilism and Essential Properties

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    Nicola Ciprotti

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Alvin Plantinga defends Theological Compatibilism (TC and Essentialism about property possession (E. TC is the claim that human freedom to act otherwise and God's essential omniscience are compatible, while E is the claim that every individual entity whatsoever has a modal profile consisting in having both essential and accidental properties. I purport to show that, if E is assumed in the argument for TC, then the latter leads to a very puzzling upshot. I also intend to show that, even if TC is suitably fixed in order to avoid that upshot, TC is still unconvincing in that it merges into one the de re and the de dicto rendering of 'human freedom to act otherwise'; I end up by briefly sketching why the two renderings should instead be kept well apart.

  10. Albert Einstein and Scientific Theology

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    Andrews, Max L E

    2012-01-01

    In recent centuries the world has become increasingly dominated by empirical evidence and theoretic science in developing worldviews. Advances in science have dictated Roman Catholic doctrine such as the acceptance of Darwinian evolution and Big Bang cosmology. Albert Einstein created an indelible impact on the relationship between science and religion. The question is whether or not his work was deleterious for church doctrine or whether it was compatible with, or even advanced, church dogma. It's my contention that Einstein revived the relationship between science and theology and did not create a bifurcation between the two. Despite his personal religious beliefs, his work has helped to reinforce the harmonious conjunction of science with religion, which cannot be ignored by succeeding scientists and theologians.

  11. Cosmic Ecstasy and Process Theology

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    Blair Reynolds

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The notion that God and the world are mutually interdependent is generally taken to be unique to twentieth-century process theology. Largely, process thinkers have focused on classical theists, rather than the mystics. My thesis, however, is that, centuries before process came along, there were Western mystical concepts stressing that God needed the universe in order to become conscious and complete. In support of my thesis, I will provide a synopsis of the doctrines of God as found in mystics such as Boehme, Dionysius, Eckhart, and then show how Whitehead’s aesthetic provides a coherent philosophical psychology of ecstasy. Key words: aesthetic experience, causal efficacy, consequent nature of God, ecstasy, feeling, German Romanticism, primordial nature of God, reformed subjectivist principle, Nicht, unconscious experience.

  12. Science, Theology and New Civilization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Theodossiou, E.; Manimanis, V. N.; Danezis, E.

    2010-07-01

    This work explores the relation and interdependence among theology, science and social structure within the framework of a new “Cultural Current”, which will probably prevail in the Western societies, through the study of the development of the cultural currents in the ages. The now prevailing in these societies Positivist Cultural Current suffers from the weakness that it is no longer supported by the modern scientific theories of physics and other natural sciences. The new reality will include a more philosophical view of science, and a re-harmonization of its relations with the other two “cultural pillars” on which human societies are based: the sociopolitical (social philosophy) and the metaphysical (inner philosophy).

  13. Normative Virtue Theory in Theological Ethics

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    Nicholas Austin

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available What place is there for virtue theory in theological ethics? Many question the normative significance of virtue theory in theological ethics today, leaving it to rule-based ethics to provide action-guidance. There are three key objections to the normativity of virtue theory: that virtue theory is about agents rather than actions, that virtue theory has nothing to say directly about the morality of actions, and that the virtues are too vague to be of normative or action-guiding significance. This essay, drawing on Thomas Aquinas’s account of virtue, challenges these perceptions and argues for a genuinely normative, action-guiding virtue theory within theological ethics. Theological ethics, in turn, can contribute to virtue theory, especially by its emphasis on the ecstatic nature of mature moral virtue, and through its reflection on the virtue of spiritual discernment.

  14. Practical-theological facilitation as skilled helping

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    Elmo Pienaar

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The article discussed the idea of skilled helping in relation to what has been put forward as practical theological facilitation. It has been argued that various helping relationships, amongst which the author refers to coaching, facilitation, and therapy has more in common than what differentiates them if epistemology is viewed as a unifying concept. As such the scope of practical theology in terms of the contexts and themes in which it might be involved is said to widen. The public dimension of the organisational context, more so than the congregational context, has been put forward as an important habitus of practical-theological facilitation. The organisational involvement of the practical-theological facilitator in terms of professional-vocational skilled helping takes on an actual role through facilitation and other helping modalities.

  15. About the comfort which theology gives

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    Łukasz Leonkiewicz

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Philosophy and theology for ages are connected with themselves. The story of their relation is very long and complicated. In the Western thought theology closely was connected with the philosophy and in the form of the scholasticism held out until the 20th century. However in the eastern, Orthodox tradition, this relation was never ambiguous. Philosophy has often been used by theologians and she has criticized by them. The dislike of the monk’s environment for philosophy is very great, however the environment of theologians cannot do her without. Philosophy is an activity of the mind, however theology is a shout of the heart which wants to throw handcuffs of the mind down from itself. However in the process of getting to know God one and second are cooperating with each other. In the article we will try to analyze the relation philosophy-theology from a point of view of the hesychasm tradition.

  16. The Dynamic of Islamic Theology in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Mujamil Qomar

    2015-01-01

    Classic Islamic theologies which focus on the study of monotheism, God’s substances, characteristics, justice, promises and threats, throne, iman, kufr, fasiq, and shirk are believed to be in its stagnancy. Since they are theocentric-oriented, they cannot appropriately solve contemporary problems. They are dominated by some political interests, so that they become more subjective. Therefore, it is essential to establish a more grounded soluble theo-anthropocentric-oriented theology which can ...

  17. The Theological Aesthetics of Jonathan Edwards

    OpenAIRE

    Louie, Kin Yip

    2007-01-01

    This is a study of the theological aesthetics of Jonathan Edwards. Previous studies of Edwards’ aesthetics tend to pass over doctrinal issues and address Edwards mostly within a philosophical context. In this treatment, the aesthetics of Edwards is examined within an explicitly theological framework. The definitions of beauty offered by several Enlightenment philosophers known to Edwards (Shaftesbury, Addison, Hutcheson) are explored. Edwards creatively integrates from these...

  18. Bioethics and Christian theology in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dos Anjos, Márcio Fabri; Lepargneur, Hubert François

    2008-01-01

    A Christian theology is important to bioethics in Brazil not only because Brazil is a country of strong Christian traditions, but also because of its theological method and because of many practices in their Christian communities. In fact, the interaction within practice and theory is a big point of its methodology. A heritage of a long history of colonialism in South America comes to our times as enormous social inequalities. In such a context, the silent cry of poor people is heard as a question of coherence to the Christian faith and to the neighbor love. Through a constant dialog with human sciences, the method of theology, known as liberation theology, seeks the roots of social inequalities and the alternatives to a movement of spiritual and social liberation. In touch with the modern bioethics, this theology has strongly contributed to understand all the questions of bioethics in the frame of social structures and systems. On the other hand, many actual practices of the Catholic Church in Brazil with popular impact, like its annual Fraternity Campaign, develop social themes and problems that are also big concerns of bioethics. In this article we try to expose some aspects of this dialog, where theology has a well considered contribution to Brazilian bioethics, at the same time his religious discourse is open to interact with a lay discourse.

  19. Theological Curriculum in Brazil: A Proposal from Latin American Theology and Critical Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopes, Cesar Marques

    2013-01-01

    With a focus on Brazilian theological seminaries that self-identify as evangelical and which emphasize teaching, learning, and doing a contextually Latin American theology, this research inquiries into related theoretical fields in order to establish a framework from which these schools may further develop educational approaches more adequate to…

  20. As below, so above: A perspective on African Theology

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    Arno Meiring

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available African theology can be understood as a theology from below – or rather, “as below, so above”. This phrase not only reflects the concept of ubuntu and the African partiality towards horizontal relationships, but may help explain African perspectives on shame and guilt, sin and reconciliation, liberation, the ancestors and eschatology. Subsequently, there seems to be some concurrence between African theology and Western postmodern theology. Although these theologies challenge traditional theology, and should in turn be scrutinized, they may offer useful and valid ways of thinking and speaking about God.

  1. Migrants, mission and theological education

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    Hayes, Stephen

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The Christian Church has faced problems of mission and migrancy from its inception. This paper, however, is limited to southern Africa in the last fifty years, using examples from the Anglican and Orthodox Churches, based mainly on the personal experiences of the author. It begins with the story of a migratory cattle herder in northwestern Namibia who became an evangelist and was trying to plant a church among a nomadic people. There have been other patterns of migration in Southern Africa, including migratory labour, forced removals, refugees, and immigration, both legal and illegal. Theological Education by Extension (TEE, which developed about 40-50 years ago, had the potential to meet some of these needs, though emphasis was often put in the wrong places, so that it did not fulfil the promise of meeting the needs of migrant ministries as well as had been hoped. Materials and resources often had to be improvised, but in many ways much has been achieved.

  2. Political Theology in Martin Luther

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    Wanderley Pereira da Rosa

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The text Political Theology in Martin Luther intends to present the Lutheran political ethics based on the main treatises of the German reformer in this respect. We will also rely on scholars and historians of the Lutheran thought, who interpret that in different points of view, in order to support our position. In Martin Luther's writings we shall first identify a clear attack on papal authority and the Roman Curia, and their pretensions to universal sovereignty over all instances of life. It will be demonstrated that Martin Luther departs from this harsh attack on papal authority and an uncompromising defense of obedience to secular authority in his earliest years, to a position distinct from that. This first positioning of Luther was a result of his interpretation of the Bible, especially New Testament texts such as Romans 13 and Matthew 22:21. In his more mature period, Luther begins to make a defense of peaceful resistance towards the unjust authority and hence, to armed resistance against the tyrant, when this tyrant threatens the Christian faith.

  3. Theological education with the help of technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erna Oliver

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Theology seemingly does not have a major impact on society anymore. However, Christianity did not only change and form the western world over the past 2000 thousand years, it still has a substantial role to play in society. This could be done through the development of theologies, the recognition that religious topics are still major segments in the publishing industry and the transforming potential of the Christian message on people. Although theological training finds itself in a difficult position, technology offers support to teaching and learning, cuts costs and offers solutions to a number of current problems concerning the effective formation of ministers. It is no longer necessary to provide theological training through a one-size-fits-all approach – a style that kept the pre-network society boxed. The aim is to motivate educators in theology to embrace the opportunities provided by the network society in aiding with the training of ministers by utilising current and future trends of development in technology.

  4. Theological education with the help of technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erna Oliver

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Theology seemingly does not have a major impact on society anymore. However, Christianity did not only change and form the western world over the past 2000 thousand years, it still has a substantial role to play in society. This could be done through the development of theologies, the recognition that religious topics are still major segments in the publishing industry and the transforming potential of the Christian message on people. Although theological training finds itself in a difficult position, technology offers support to teaching and learning, cuts costs and offers solutions to a number of current problems concerning the effective formation of ministers. It is no longer necessary to provide theological training through a one-size-fits-all approach – a style that kept the pre-network society boxed. The aim is to motivate educators in theology to embrace the opportunities provided by the network society in aiding with the training of ministers by utilising current and future trends of development in technology.

  5. Applying theological developments to bioethical issues such as genetic screening.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mallia, P.; Have, H.A.M.J. ten

    2005-01-01

    Catholic movements within the centre of Roman Catholic doctrine recently have discussed Trinitarian theology as applied to sciences, arts, economics, health and other social areas. We explore the possibilities Trinitarian theology offers to bioethical debate, concentrating particularly on genetic

  6. Knowing, believing, living in Africa: A practical theology perspective ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2013-02-12

    ,. Stellenbosch, 22−26 June. Dames, G.E., 2012, 'Intercultural Theological Education: Towards a New Future for. Faculties of Theology at Higher Education Institutions in South Africa', Scriptura,. 110(2), in press. De Beer, J.M. ...

  7. Faithful obligations: Merold Westphal’s middle class liberation theology

    OpenAIRE

    Justin Sands

    2016-01-01

    Often, liberation theology’s preferential option for the poor is pushed aside within theological discourses as being too specific, too focused on social problems, to function as a viable theology for the Church as a whole. Through this line of reasoning, many often see liberation theology as something that can remind Christians of their need to help others, but it cannot become the foundation for a sustainable belief system. In response to this, I claim that a liberation theology can be viabl...

  8. The Anthropic Principle from a Theological Perspective

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    Adrian Vasile

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Through its initiative to make thought efficient for a more secure investigation of nature, modernity will mark a methodology revolutionary step, leading among others to defining and pointing out the coordinates of scientific research, more than any other form of knowledge. This is how the scientific method of knowledge comes into brining. Modernity is what makes an obvious separation of science and theology, as two specific fields of human knowledge. A new paradigm of knowledge is fundamental, as well as the double quality of the philosopher – theologian and scientific, valid today and in the Middle Ages, they are as outdated. Science and theology, as different fields of human knowledge have in their being different objects and methodologies. The object of knowledge in science is the world, whereas in theology it is God, and then world. So that in modern science the anthropic principle was adopted.

  9. How has liberation theology influenced my practice?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Zenobia C Y

    2011-08-01

    In this paper, I would like to share with readers some concepts from liberation theology in relation to Christian nursing. First, I present liberation theology to explore its concepts and how they can shed light on Christian nursing. I introduce liberation theology and discuss the three concepts of relevance to Christian nursing: emancipatory knowing, contextual mindedness and socioeconomic inequality. Two case studies will be described to revisit the importance of building a rapport, learning the patient's story in a humble and respectful way, and addressing the social inequality and heath disparity of which we should be aware in a patient-nurse encounter. The possibility for collaboration between theologians and Christian nurses should be further explored in the future. © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.

  10. A QUEST FOR A UNIQUE AFRICAN CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY AND ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    HP

    2017-07-01

    Jul 1, 2017 ... methodology as proposed by Nyamiti. He points out that there are several approaches to theology within Africa, for cultural divergences make for a plurality of theologies. His own approach is concerned with the building up of African systematic or scientific Theology which takes as its primary data the Bible, ...

  11. The Role of African Graduates of Theological Doctoral Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Starcher, Richard L.; Stick, Sheldon L.

    2005-01-01

    This study juxtaposes the graduate profile of Africans holding a theological doctorate against faculty traits desired by institutional leaders and the actual work done by faculty members in African theological colleges. Data were collected through semistructured interviews with nine participants currently working in African theological colleges…

  12. Responding to the challenge of Black Theology: Liberating Ministry ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-08-05

    Aug 5, 2016 ... South Africa (1988) and Kritzinger's PhD thesis Black Theology: A Challenge to Mission (1988). These individuals ... submitted for the Centre of Public Theology at the University of Pretoria symposium 'Black Theology of Liberation Twenty One Years Later'. .... death of a six-year-old boy and other civilians.

  13. The prevalence and correlates of hypertension in a theological ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This formed the basis for evaluating the prevalence of hypertension and its correlates in one of the foremost theological colleges in Africa, the Trinity Theological College, Umuahia. Method: The entire constituent working-student population in the sandwich program of August 2004 at the Trinity Theological College, Umuahia ...

  14. Revisiting Mary Daly: Towards a quadripartite theological and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Against this background I will evaluate Daly's post-Christian feminist theological and philosophical paradigm. I propose that Daly has a quadripartite theological and philosophical paradigm wherein there are four main players. The 'Who is who' in Daly's quadripartite patriarchal theological and philosophical paradigm are ...

  15. A postfoundationalist research paradigm of practical theology | Park ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Practical theology describes a context, interprets what has been discovered, brings in Christian norms, and constructs models of Christian practice. It is a process that involves epistemology and hermeneutics. For practical theology to be transformative, a postfoundational theological framework that allows interdisciplinary ...

  16. Children as theological hermeneutic: Is there a new epistemological ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Children are the great omission in theology. The objective of the article is to show that there is a growing realisation of this reality. More than that, there are attempts afoot to salvage the situation by factoring children more and more into theological writing, not in an objectified manner, but as serious agents of theology and, ...

  17. Mentoring as a supportive pedagogy in theological training ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article contends that theological training supported by effective mentoring can contribute to the shaping of theology students in terms of their spiritual growth, character development and ministry formation. It is further argued that mentoring as a supportive pedagogy needs to be an essential element of theological ...

  18. The Heidelberg Catechism: elements for a theology of care | de ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Though there are strong affinities with theological anthropology, the ethics of care still lacks a theological framework. The thesis argued here, is that the Heidelberg Catechism offers essential elements for a “theology of care”. It describes 1. God as a caring, 'mothering” God; 2. human beings as having care as their essence ...

  19. Ecclesiology in the context of liberation theology | Ogbonnaya ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper focuses on the concept of ecclesiology as viewed by liberation theology. It argues that the doctrine of church as conceived by liberation theology is deeply influenced by the thesis of liberation theology, which is rooted in the liberation or emancipation of the oppressed and marginalized in the society. This doctrine ...

  20. reflection on the theology of joseph ratzinger (pope benedict xvi)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This essay looks at ways in which the theology of Joseph Ratzinger, now Pope. Benedict XVI, shows affinities with Reformation theological thought. Following a brief look at the background to my own interest in Ratzinger, I present some important features of his theology, shedding light on it particularly through drawing.

  1. Discovering a Theology "for" the Christian Teacher Today

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watkins, Clare

    2008-01-01

    This paper aims to offer a "liveable" theology for the Christian teacher; that is, it seeks to articulate a theology of teaching in contemporary contexts which can serve the spiritual and faith development of Christian teachers in their vocation. A first section gives some brief account of "teaching" in the Christian theological tradition,…

  2. Latin American Theology and Religious Pluralism: A Latin American Voice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cascante-Gomez, Fernando A.

    2009-01-01

    This article summarizes recent efforts by Latin-American theologians concerned with developing a pluralist theology of liberation. The author highlights some of the most significant issues and themes of this emerging theological reflection among liberation theologians. Finally, he identifies some of the challenges a pluralist theology of…

  3. Mentoring as a supportive pedagogy in theological training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nathan H. Chiroma

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This article contends that theological training supported by effective mentoring can contribute to the shaping of theology students in terms of their spiritual growth, character development and ministry formation. It is further argued that mentoring as a supportive pedagogy needs to be an essential element of theological education. Subsequently, guidelines for making mentoring an effective pedagogy in theological training are proposed. A lot has been written about mentoring; however this article focuses on the use of mentoring as a supportive pedagogy in denominational seminaries as a means of fostering the holistic development of theology students.

  4. Doing public theology in the anthropocene towards life-creating theology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johann-Albrecht Meylahn

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available If one presumes that we are today living in the anthropocene, how does this challenge the doing of public theology? What is the calling of a public theologian in the anthropocene? To be able to answer these questions, this article shortly described the anthropocene and then sought to unpack a possible doing of theology in a particular local context, within the time of the anthropocene, creating (poiesis a deconstructive space for possible resurrection life to emerge.

  5. Charles Darwin's use of theology in the Origin of Species.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dilley, Stephen

    2012-03-01

    This essay examines Darwin's positiva (or positive) use of theology in the first edition of the Origin of Species in three steps. First, the essay analyses the Origin's theological language about God's accessibility, honesty, methods of creating, relationship to natural laws and lack of responsibility for natural suffering; the essay contends that Darwin utilized positiva theology in order to help justify (and inform) descent with modification and to attack special creation. Second, the essay offers critical analysis of this theology, drawing in part on Darwin's mature ruminations to suggest that, from an epistemic point of view, the Origin's positiva theology manifests several internal tensions. Finally, the essay reflects on the relative epistemic importance of positiva theology in the Origin's overall case for evolution. The essay concludes that this theology served as a handmaiden and accomplice to Darwin's science.

  6. Theology in the flesh – a model for theological anthropology as embodied sensing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacob Meiring

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The author proposes a model for theological anthropology as embodied sensing that is based on an interdisciplinary exploration of the corporeal turn from a southern African perspective. The work of James B. Nelson is acknowledged, stating that body theology starts with the concrete, the bodily expressions of life and not with doctrines about God and humanity. The theological anthropology of David H. Kelsey is evaluated as a theological anthropology with a sentiment of the flesh. Based on clearings in the work of David Kelsey and an interdisciplinary research, the author proposes a model for theological anthropology as embodied sensing which functions within the intricate and complex connection of the living body, language and experiencing in a concrete lifeworld with an openness to the ‘more than’. The author considers the use of bodymapping within narrative therapy as a way in which to uncover the intimate and intricate connection between the living body, experience and language, and implementing insights from theological anthropology as embodied sensing.

  7. Theology in the flesh – a model for theological anthropology as embodied sensing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacob Meiring

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The author proposes a model for theological anthropology as embodied sensing that is based on an interdisciplinary exploration of the corporeal turn from a southern African perspective. The work of James B. Nelson is acknowledged, stating that body theology starts with the concrete, the bodily expressions of life and not with doctrines about God and humanity. The theological anthropology of David H. Kelsey is evaluated as a theological anthropology with a sentiment of the flesh. Based on clearings in the work of David Kelsey and an interdisciplinary research, the author proposes a model for theological anthropology as embodied sensing which functions within the intricate and complex connection of the living body, language and experiencing in a concrete lifeworld with an openness to the ‘more than’. The author considers the use of bodymapping within narrative therapy as a way in which to uncover the intimate and intricate connection between the living body, experience and language, and implementing insights from theological anthropology as embodied sensing.

  8. Sexing Islamic Theology: Theorising Women's Experience and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper explores Muslim religious subjectivities as refl ected in two central Islamic ideals, namely, ʿabd-Allah (servant of God) and khalīfah (moral agent). Drawing on the insights provided by Islamic feminists, we bring their theological views on ʿabd-Allah and khalīfah into conversation with issues of sexuality and ...

  9. Theological imagination as hermeneutical device: Exploring the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The author's aim in this article was to develop theological imagination as a hermeneutical device. This was done by briefly considering the concurrence in the hermeneutic contributions of three interpreters of biblical texts, with specific regard to their understanding of biblical imagination. These were Walter Brueggemann, ...

  10. Tradition and Renewal in Contemporary Orthodox Theology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marios Begzos

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This text presents the challenges that the modern world poses for the Orthodox Church. In every historical period, the Church has struggled with internal and external problems. While preserving its traditions and historical foundations, the theology of the Orthodox Church struggles with contemporary problems by showing the current, contemporary teaching about God, man and the world.

  11. A PRACTICAL-THEOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE ON CORRUPTION ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article aims to delineate the basis-theoretical and meta-theoretical perspectives on the phenomenon of corruption. It defines solution-based pastoral markers should the research indeed establish a definitive role for pastoral theology in addressing this serious societal ill. Thus it attempts to scrutinize the dynamic factors ...

  12. Are we wasting theology in our continent?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Jurgens Hendriks

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The 2014 conference theme of the society for Practical Theology in South Africa was ‘Practical Theology in Africa and human waste’. The article asks the question whether we can do theology in Africa in such a way that the kingdom of God is realised, notwithstanding the feeling that the seed that is sown is often wasted. The growth of Christianity and southern shift of the majority of Christians to amongst others Africa, is described, discussed and questioned: Is this seed falling on fertile ground or is it wasted if one considers all the calamities of the African continent? Taking its cues from the parable of the sower the epistemological revolution and paradigm shift are outlined stating that unless doing theology within a new paradigm the kingdom of God cannot be served. It calls for new paradigm labourers who are trained to be on the marketplace, who reach out to where people are suffering and struggling and serve their needs thus following the example set by Christ in training his disciples.

  13. REFORMED THEOLOGY FOR THE 21ST CENTURY ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    formed confession is indeed related to the creeds of the one holy catholic apostolic church (Willis 1999:183). Pasztor (1999:300) reminds us of the catholicity of the Reformed theology, and refers to Calvin who wanted to teach only “what has been confessed always and everywhere”. Torrance (1999:175) also draws the ...

  14. HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies: Editorial Policies

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    It has a wide multi-disciplinary scope and supports theologians, philosophers, scholars, ministers of religion and specialists in religious, social and economically related subjects by providing them with research results. The journal covers theology in it broadest sense and therefore publishes articles linked with a variety of ...

  15. Exploring the practical theological study of congregations ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The first congregation was formed in Jerusalem, giving rise to faith communities throughout the New Testament. In the ensuing two millennia, congregations are found worldwide. The aim of this article is to describe congregations and the study of congregations from a practical theological perspective. An introduction to the ...

  16. Seneca's theology in its philosophical context

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Houte, M.S.A.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/304835862

    2010-01-01

    This study aims at a better understanding of the theological views of the Roman Stoic Seneca and the status of these views in relation to those of the earlier Stoics, and in the context of various other factors, such as the views of other philosophical schools and the purpose of Seneca's work.This

  17. A theological view of nuclear energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pollard, W.G.

    1982-07-01

    The author presents a theological perspective on nuclear power based on Israel's history, as revealed in the Hebrew Bible and the Alexandrian Greek Septuagint. Nuclear energy is described as God's energy choice for the whole of creation, which can be made as safe as traditional sources.

  18. Pastoral Theology in an age of uncertainty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elaine Graham

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available In this article the history of pastoral and practical theology is viewed through the lens of postmodern thought. The article argues that an “age of uncertainty” has been engendered by the dissolution of many of the scientific, political and philosophical nostrums of Western modernity. Such a characterization is, however, intended to present postmodernity more as a loss of innocence than the absolute annihilation of value. It is still possible to pursue the prospects for coherent theological reflection and faithful action amidst such a fracturing of certainties. That involves searching for ways of inhabiting consistently and authentically a tradition of binding values that recognize their own contingency but also seek to create some degree of coherence and transparency. The discipline of Practical Theology should be reconceived as the articulation and excavation of sources and norms of Christian practice, the discipline that enables the community of faith to practice what it preaches. This article is a reprinted version of chapter two of the author’s book Transforming practice: Pastoral Theology in an age of uncertainty, 1996, pp 38-55. Permission for republication is granted by Wipf and Stock Publishers, Eugene OR.What is

  19. Vocation in Theology and Psychology: Conflicting Approaches?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rotman, Marco

    2017-01-01

    Recent contributions in the fields of psychology, sociology, and theology reveal opposing attitudes about the subject of calling or vocation with regard to one's work. Whereas psychologists have rediscovered the concept, theologians increasingly show reluctance to accept a vocational view of work. In offering an alternative perspective, this…

  20. Materialism, Dialectics and Theology in Alain Badiou

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karlsen, Mads Peter

    2014-01-01

    This article examines the relationship between materialism, dialectics, and theology in Alain Badiou's work. The first three sections of the article focus on Badiou's reading of Hegelian dialectics in his 1982 work, Theory of the Subject. The first section accounts for Badiou's splitting of Hegel...

  1. exploring the practical theological study of congregations

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The first congregation was formed in Jerusalem, giving rise to faith communities throughout the New Testament. In the ensuing two millennia, congregations are found worldwide. The aim of this article is to describe congregations and the study of congregations from a practical theological perspective. An introduction to the.

  2. Modern Technology within the Western Theological Imaginary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neil Turnbull

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, I claim that modern technology possesses certain general ‘onto-formative’ characteristics that indicate that our contemporary technological condition now defies orthodox theoretical forms of comprehension. In the light of this claim, I will propose that any adequate conceptual understanding of modern technics requires a decisive shift of disciplinary register: specifically, towards theology and to the formation of new philosophical paradigms founded upon metaphysically-inspired interpretations of the ‘total significance’ of modern technics. Such theological conceptions, I will argue, emerge from a startling recognition of modern technics’ incipient association with the infinite, the transcendent as well as with its capacity to “bring new worlds into existence”. I attempt this, in the first instance, by drawing upon the work of two major thinkers who I believe paved the way towards just such a theological conception: Martin Heidegger and Ernst Jünger. In a non-standard interpretation of their respective philosophies of technology, I will go on to claim that these two thinkers should be viewed as attempting to find a way towards a “radically conservative” revalorisation of ancient theological truths that they believed could provide 20th century modernity with the philosophical groundwork for a new techno-political order that they posited in contrast to a dying Platonic-Christian civilisation. For both of these thinkers a theological understanding of modern technics created the possibility of a new spiritual condition/zeitgeist where the very idea of modern technology is rearticulated as the focal point of a post-Platonic-Christian social imaginary that they believed to be revolutionary in its necessarily destructive relationship to extant historical worlds and their corresponding traditions. By these lights, I suggest, that modern social imaginary can only be con conceived within a new theological synthesis that

  3. How philosophy and theology have undermined bioethics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capaldi, Nicholas

    2007-01-01

    This essay begins by distinguishing among the viewpoints of philosophy, theology, and religion; it then explores how each deals with "sin" in the bioethical context. The conclusions are that the philosophical and theological viewpoints are intellectually defective in that they cripple our ability to deal with normative issues, and are in the end unable to integrate Christian concepts like "sin" successfully into bioethics. Sin is predicated only of beings with free will, though only in Western Christianity must all sins be committed with knowledge and voluntarily. Without the notions of free will, sin, and a narrative of redemption, bioethics remains unable to provide itself with an adequate normative framework. Bioethics, and morality in general, remain a morass precisely because there has been a failure to translate Christian morality into fully secular and scientistic terms.

  4. The Reformed tradition as public theology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vuyani S. Vellem

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This article is a South African perspective of a Black African reflection on the publicity of Reformed faith. Whilst the notion of public theology is fairly new, the article argues, it is important to define the ‘public’ of the type of public theology to which Reformed faith and tradition could be linked. As a confessional tradition, Reformed faith is intrinsically public, the article demonstrates. The publicity of this tradition is however ambivalent and tainted. I attempt to show this by discussing two important tenets of the Reformed Tradition: sola scriptura and sola fide, within the festering wounds of Black African colonialism, apartheid and the hegemony of the neoliberal paradigm in the 21st century.

  5. Vocation in theology-based nursing theories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lundmark, Mikael

    2007-11-01

    By using the concepts of intrinsicality/extrinsicality as analytic tools, the theology-based nursing theories of Ann Bradshaw and Katie Eriksson are analyzed regarding their explicit and/or implicit understanding of vocation as a motivational factor for nursing. The results show that both theories view intrinsic values as guarantees against reducing nursing practice to mechanistic applications of techniques and as being a way of reinforcing a high ethical standard. The theories explicitly (Bradshaw) or implicitly (Eriksson) advocate a vocational understanding of nursing as being essential for nursing theories. Eriksson's theory has a potential for conceptualizing an understanding of extrinsic and intrinsic motivational factors for nursing but one weakness in the theory could be the risk of slipping over to moral judgments where intrinsic factors are valued as being superior to extrinsic. Bradshaw's theory is more complex and explicit in understanding the concept of vocation and is theologically more plausible, although also more confessional.

  6. Theological Critique of the "New Atheism"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sleptsova Valeriia

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper is devoted to a critical analysis of one of the newest trends of modern Anglo-American freethinking. It is called “new atheism”. The most known spokesmen of this trend are R. Dawkins, D. Dennett, S. Harris and Ch. Hitchens. Theology and Christian philosophy place high emphasis on the critique of the “new atheism”. One of the most talked-about critics of this trend is A. McGrath. The author of the paper notes that some of specific theological criticisms are just. Among them are the critique of the meme-theory and the lack of reflection of the “new atheism” on itself. At the same time the author of the paper demonstrates that some theses of the theological critics are insufficiently grounded. For example, theological critics are rather premature in their conclusions about bringing the “new atheism” into line with L. Feuerbach and K. Marx. The author believes that the ideas of the “new atheism”, as well as the method and the style of expression of its viewpoints are much more successfully integrated in one line with the ideas of such atheists as Bertrand Russell, than a number of the creators of really new ideas of freethinking. In addition, the “new atheism” is also close to the radical wing of the US freethinking of the early 20th century graphically represented by the ideas of R.G. Ingersoll. The author points to the desire of the “new atheists” as well as their critics to simplify the views held by the opposite side. This desire often leads to misinterpretation of the logic of thoughtin both the “new atheists” and their opponents.

  7. Bioethics in the vision of Orthodox Theology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antoniu-Cătălin Păştin

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The metamorphose of the european world from the medieval to the modern era or, the Enlightenment of the eighteenth century entailed the considerable mutations on the European culture scene. From God it was passed to the man, from the theology to the science, and from the spiritual values the society passed to the material values, like so many expressions of the globalization.

  8. Solutions to neurosis: A theology of self.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Creagh, G T

    1988-12-01

    For Karen Horney neurosis is a serious impediment to health and wholeness and has the power to place a person in bondage. Yet the situation is far from hopeless, for strivings and anxieties contain intrinsic value and can be directed positively to the purpose of human maturity. The theory lends itself to a strong theology of the self, and thus encourages the pastoral counselor who cooperates with the inherent strengths of the person in his or her drive toward health.

  9. The dynamics of theologies: A transdisciplinary description

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gys M. Loubser

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available In this article, the author asks why the South African public, especially Afrikaans communities, is largely unaware of the knowledge generated in the field of science and religion. The author describes theologies as complex systems that interact with their environment. To illuminate the environment, the author turns to the theatre system and illustrates how the theatre system can illuminate the modelling choices of theologians.

  10. Overcoming alienation in Africanising theological education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marilyn Naidoo

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Africanisation refers to a renewed focus on Africa, a reclaiming of what has been taken from Africa, and forms part of a post-colonialist and an anti-racist discourse. Africanising the curriculum involves developing scholarship and research established in African intellectual traditions. The idea is that this education will produce people who are not alienated from their communities and are sensitive to the challenges facing Africa. However, the idea of Africanisation is highly contested and may evoke a false or at least a superficial sense of ‘belonging,’ further marginalisation, or it may emphasise relevance. This article discusses the possibility of Africanisation and takes further the argument of Graham Duncan of how Africans can reclaim their voices in the space of theological education. It unpacks the idea of Africanisation within higher education in general, examining the rationale behind the calls for Africanisation, followed by a discussion on the implications of Africanisation for theological education.Keywords: Africanisation; theological education; transformation; Graham Duncan

  11. Attempting to develop a Pentecostal theology of worship

    OpenAIRE

    Marius Nel

    2016-01-01

    Pentecostals affirm the power of Pentecost in worship where they experience the Spirit�s revelation of Christ and teach and preach about worship. However, Pentecostal theologians have not written much about a theology of worship, so Pentecostals� worship practices are not necessarily theologically well-grounded. This article argues that the development of such a theology is necessary and timely because it will serve to inform, evaluate and regulate Pentecostal worship. It is then argued that ...

  12. On the Priority of Tradition: An Exercise in Analytic Theology

    OpenAIRE

    Nemes Steven

    2017-01-01

    This essay discusses the nature and relative priority of the sources for analytic theology with an eye to the manner in which the analytic theologian ought to orient herself to them. Of Tradition, Scripture, and (analytic) philosophy, the Tradition of the Church has ultimate priority as analytic-theological source insofar as it infallibly mediates the genuine, divinely revealed content of Scripture and justifies the utilization of analytic philosophy for theological purposes. The argument pro...

  13. Introduction : [artiklikogumikule Ecumenical theological education] / Anne Kull, Pille Valk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kull, Anne, 1959-

    2009-01-01

    Sissejuhatus kogumikule, mis sisaldab artikleid Tartu Ülikoolis 11.-14. jaan. 2007 toimunud konverentsi "Ecumenical theological education : pedagogical perspectives and practical experiences" ettekannetest

  14. The lived theology of the Harry Potter series

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anastasia Apostolides

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available This article will argue that the recent turn towards lived theology or religion in practical theology can offer a useful hermeneutic to interpret the impact of the Harry Potter series on the spiritual formation and identity creation of adolescents. In practical theology there has been a turn towards lived theology or religion as lived religion has moved out of institutions into social–cultural phenomena as people seek to find meaning and purpose for their lives in alternative places to institutionalised religion.

  15. Theological Hermeneutics: Interpreting “The Lost Garden of Immediacy”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mindaugas Briedis

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Contemporary hermeneutics has turned from the art of textual interpretation to the world – constitutive functions of language and symbolic representation. It is stressed that all understanding takes place within horizons constituted by history and language. Building on the ultimate religious foundations of divinely revealed truth, theological hermeneutics reflects upon theology as the site of a circular mediation of Scripture, tradition, and culture. The guiding question of this article is: can a theological hermeneutics retranslate philosophical sources into the language of theology? For these purposes we must at first situate the theological phenomenon of Verbum at the center of philosophical hermeneutics. Secondly, it is necessary to give a brief account of how symbols (all in general and some in particular function in religious language. Also, we can see that in the face of the dawn of some traditional religious symbols, we can find new ones emerging from new strategies of theological hermeneutics in the face of new ontology. The analysis of symbolic nature of theological hermeneutics directs us to the question of analogy. Eventually the subject of investigations turns to be “validity” of analogical language in theological hermeneutics, which have some paradoxical consequences. On the other hand, it is clear that these paradoxes are not simply about formal matters. It is amazing that the basic symbol functioning in analogical language for expressing the proper language of God-talk (theology is the language itself. 

  16. The lived theology of the Harry Potter series

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anastasia Apostolides

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This article will argue that the recent turn towards lived theology or religion in practical theology can offer a useful hermeneutic to interpret the impact of the Harry Potter series on the spiritual formation and identity creation of adolescents. In practical theology there has been a turn towards lived theology or religion as lived religion has moved out of institutions into social–cultural phenomena as people seek to find meaning and purpose for their lives in alternative places to institutionalised religion.

  17. Nothing in biology makes sense except in light of theology?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dilley, Stephen

    2013-12-01

    This essay analyzes Theodosius Dobzhansky's famous article, "Nothing in Biology Makes Sense Except in the Light of Evolution," in which he presents some of his best arguments for evolution. I contend that all of Dobzhansky's arguments hinge upon sectarian claims about God's nature, actions, purposes, or duties. Moreover, Dobzhansky's theology manifests several tensions, both in the epistemic justification of his theological claims and in their collective coherence. I note that other prominent biologists--such as Mayr, Dawkins, Eldredge, Ayala, de Beer, Futuyma, and Gould--also use theology-laden arguments. I recommend increased analysis of the justification, complexity, and coherence of this theology. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Theological education for social transformation: a missiological analysis of core elements in the theology of John Samuel Pobee

    OpenAIRE

    Kaunda, Chammah Judex; Ekué, Amélé Adamavi-Aho; Chalamet, Christophe

    2013-01-01

    The study is a critical analysis of John S. Pobee’s theological thoughts on theological education in Africa focusing on social transformation. It argues that that for theological education to become relevant in the African context, it must be informed by the daily existential experiences of African people on the grassroots. By utilising a missiological analytical research methodology, the study has demonstrated that the mission of God is an all-embracing in which every Christian participates ...

  19. the call for spiritual formation in protestant theological institutions in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Spiritual formation is a significant component of the educational work of a theological institution that prepares students for church leadership. Theological institutions have a responsibility to engage students in reflecting on the spiritual life, to provide opportuni ties for students, to deepen their spiritual journeys and to develop ...

  20. Theological poverty of churches in the developing world: Its causes ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    By and large, the non Protestant churches from the developing world rarely have a creative theology that is unique to their own cultures and religiosity. It was my hypothesis that the theological barrenness of churches from the developing world is partly as a result of the antiintellectualist legacy of the past missions from the ...

  1. Reading the New Testament from a theological perspective | van Zyl ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article argues that, from the perspective of the faith community, it is not enough to read the Bible only from a “technical” point of view; a theological perspective is also required. Subsequently the article deals with what a theological reading entails: A reader-orientated and a text-orientated view are presented.

  2. Practical theology as 'healing of memories': Critical reflections on a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The Institute makes use of a specific methodology in their workshops. Having participated in these workshops in congregational contexts as well as in the training of theological students, in this article I investigated the methodology of the Institute as a framework for new perspectives on practical theology in South Africa.

  3. Theological education, considered from South Africa: Current issues ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-02-04

    Feb 4, 2016 ... Taking into review the newly published series of substantial multi-authored volumes on ecumenical theological education internationally, this article identifies, from the author's own experience in ecumenical theological education and from his publications in this field, the central issue of specificity, locality ...

  4. Faithful obligations: Merold Westphal’s middle class liberation theology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Justin Sands

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Often, liberation theology’s preferential option for the poor is pushed aside within theological discourses as being too specific, too focused on social problems, to function as a viable theology for the Church as a whole. Through this line of reasoning, many often see liberation theology as something that can remind Christians of their need to help others, but it cannot become the foundation for a sustainable belief system. In response to this, I claim that a liberation theology can be viable for daily life of all persons and this article explores this argument through the work of Merold Westphal, who’s philosophical theology founds a style of liberation theology that is directed at the middle class – in his context the American middle class. This article explores the ways in which liberation theology can work as a general, programmatic theology for all within the Church, which not only empowers those at the margins but society as a whole.

  5. As below, so above: A perspective on African Theology | Meiring ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African theology can be understood as a theology from below – or rather, “as below, so above”. This phrase not only reflects the concept of ubuntu and the African partiality towards horizontal relationships, but may help explain African perspectives on shame and guilt, sin and reconciliation, liberation, the ancestors and ...

  6. the heidelberg catechism: elements for a theology of care

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    (Wiersinga1975:19, 66; Wiersinga 1992:52). I am not going into the theological strategy chosen by many theologians, since then, confronted with the question of theodicy after Auschwitz, in their option for a radical theology of the cross. A Christological concentration and reduction of the doctrine of providence may answer.

  7. 34 Theological Education and Character Formation in Nigerian ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    First Lady

    2013-01-28

    Jan 28, 2013 ... all the constituent elements of theology in a coherent whole. It is a philosophical theology (or ... the expression of faith in concrete existence, in institutional, cultic, and ethical aspects of the life of faith. ... Ministry of Mountain of Fire and Miracles Ministries Lagos among others where they train their priests or ...

  8. Practical theology: A critically engaged practical reason approach of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2014-04-11

    Apr 11, 2014 ... Studies/Theological Studies. 70(2), Art. 1950, 6 pages. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ ... different theories of psychology and theology, as one of identity. By this he means that the two can be saying the .... need), evolutionary theory and environmental ethics. (environmental-social) and general rules (rules and ...

  9. The messianic kingdom theology in Luke-Acts | Iorjaah | Ilorin ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The author of Luke-Acts presents a ―messianic kingdom theology‖ – a synthesis of Christology and ecclesiology woven with the chord of soteriology. This theology has often been reduced in many a study by isolating Christology or some other aspect of Luke's theology as his focus. Reading Luke-Acts from a ...

  10. the call for spiritual formation in protestant theological institutions in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Theology has diversified into practical ministry skills and an aggre gate of disciplines which emphasises ... observable, whether that be in the classroom, church or society. Within theological education, spiritual ..... ample, in the classroom, spiritual formation will not be the explicit agenda of many of the courses because it is ...

  11. HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies - Vol 63, No 4 (2007)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Theological reflections on aspects of the ethics of Karl Barth. JH van Wyk. “God and the gods”: Faith and human-made idols in the theology of Karl Barth. IWC van Wyk. Karl Barth's role in church and politics from 1930 to 1935 · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL ...

  12. Practical theology: A critically engaged practical reason approach of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Browning's influential use of practical reason for his fundamental practical theology is analysed. His correlation of theory and practice in his three stages of theory, practice and theory is also critiqued because his approach reduces practical theology almost to professionalism and principles for ministry. His approach could ...

  13. ESP for Theology: Teachers Must Go the Extra Mile

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devadason, Iris

    2008-01-01

    This article describes teacher research in an EAP context, teaching English for theology at the United Theological College, Bangalore, India, an international, liberal, and ecumenical institution. Conceptually grounded in the theory and practice of genre teaching, and discourse analysis of large pieces of texts such as the thesis, inspired by…

  14. Theological education, considered from South Africa: Current issues ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-02-04

    Feb 4, 2016 ... central issue of specificity, locality and context in theological education. This takes place within two broadly ... a few churches, and doing so within the university's local and the country's legal parameters.2 .... theological, ethical, political, social and other contentious matters, the case for diversity speaks ...

  15. Scientific Aspects of Two Theological Questions in Thomas Aquinas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lattis, James M.

    1984-01-01

    An examination of how St. Thomas Aquinas makes use of science in his theological works provides an understanding of the relations of medieval science and the Christian theology of the Middle Ages. Two issues are examined: the problem of the nature and existence of God and the question of the eternity of the world. (RM)

  16. The relevance of continental philosophy of religion for theology in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Theology in South Africa has a strong metaphysical element. This article argues the relevance of the work of modern continental philosophers of religion and theology for a post-metaphysical South African context. In their criticism of metaphysics, philosophers such as Descartes, Kant, Nietzsche, Heidegger, and Derrida ...

  17. the relevance of continental philosophy of religion for theology in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Theology in South Africa has a strong metaphysical element. This article argues the relevance of the work of modern continental philosophers of religion and theology for a post-metaphysical South African context. In their criticism of metaphysics, philosophers such as Descartes,. Kant, Nietzsche, Heidegger, and Derrida ...

  18. Developing theological tools for a strategic engagement with Human Enhancement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomkins, Justin

    2014-01-01

    The literature on Human Enhancement may indeed have reached a critical mass yet theological engagement with the subject is still thin. Human Enhancement has already been established as a key topic within research and captivating visions of the future have been allied with a depth of philosophical analysis. Some Transhumanists have pointed to a theological dimension to their position and some who have warned against enhancement might be seen as having done so from a perspective shaped by a Judeo-Christian worldview. Nonetheless, in neither of these cases has theology been central to engagement with the enhancement quest.Christian theologians who have begun to open up such an engagement with Human Enhancement include Brent Waters, Robert Song and Celia Deane-Drummond. The work they have already carried out is insightful and important yet due to the scale of the possible engagement, the wealth of Christian theology which might be applied to Human Enhancement remains largely untapped. This paper explores how three key aspects of Christian theology, eschatology, love of God and love of neighbour, provide valuable tools for a theological engagement with Human Enhancement. It is proposed that such theological tools need to be applied to Human Enhancement if the debate is to be resourced with the Christian theological perspective of what it means to be human in our contemporary technological context and if society is to have the choice of maintaining its Christian foundations.

  19. Theological education, considered from South Africa: Current issues ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Taking into review the newly published series of substantial multi-authored volumes on ecumenical theological education internationally, this article identifies, from the author's own experience in ecumenical theological education and from his publications in this field, the central issue of specificity, locality and context in ...

  20. research in theology in the digital age: opportunities and limitations

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Assembly records, thereby opening new ways of comparative research (First. Source 2011). The field of theology should make discriminated use of the new possibilities of digital research, education and publication to raise academic standards by internationally advancing thoughtful theological reflections through digital.

  1. Globalization, Learning Outcomes, and Possibilities for Theological Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buhrman, William D.

    2011-01-01

    Respecting religious diversity while also staying true to the role of faith in theological practice remains a challenge in contemporary education. This is made more complex by the role of learning outcomes to assess student learning. This article first emphasizes the role of faith in theological discourse and then raises questions about the nature…

  2. The Hermeneutical-Praxis Paradigm and Practical Theology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Hyun-Sook

    2007-01-01

    The aim of this article is to propose a method for practical theology, the hermeneutical-praxis paradigm, based on discussions of three different methodological approaches to practical theology. This article suggests the hermeneutical-praxis paradigm, which bridges theory and practice, which connects church with society, which correlates theology…

  3. Teaching Comparative Theology from an Institution's Mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bidlack, Bede Benjamin; Brecht, Mara; Krokus, Christian S.; Scheid, Daniel P.; Locklin, Reid B.

    2014-01-01

    Although comparative theology is a continuously growing method in the study of religion, it is still relatively new and not widely accepted in either confessional or secular institutions. Scholars may face difficulty when seeking their institutions' acceptance for a comparative theology course. One way of generating interest and approval for…

  4. Incarnation theology versus the sacralisation of authority | Muller ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article juxtaposed the theological theme of incarnation with quasi-religious invasions of public power structures and institutions in southern Africa, which has been described by the term sacralisation of authority. Incarnational theology as constructed on the model of the Incarnation of Jesus Christ concerns a ...

  5. Paradigms of Theory and Practice in Teacher and Theological Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Arch Chee Keen

    2016-01-01

    The article describes and discusses the theory and practice relationship that has taken place within teacher education and theological education by incorporating insights from various theologians and curriculum theorists. The article argues that both theology and education conceptualize the relationship between theory and practice in very similar…

  6. Teaching Race: Pedagogical Challenges in Predominantly White Undergraduate Theology Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scheid, Anna Floerke; Vasko, Elisabeth T.

    2014-01-01

    While a number of scholars in the field of Christian theology have argued for the importance of teaching diversity and social justice in theology and religious studies classrooms, little has been done to document and assess formally the implementation of such pedagogy. In this article, the authors discuss the findings of a yearlong Scholarship of…

  7. New Responses to Enduring Questions in Religious and Theological Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siejk, Cate

    2011-01-01

    This article offers a response to two provocative questions about the relationship of theology to religious education posed by Norma Thompson in her Presidential address given at the annual meeting of APRRE in 1978. I offer contemporary answers to these questions from the perspective of a theological educator. First, I show how feminist theory and…

  8. Theology and Pedagogy: A Response to Sean Whittle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooling, Trevor; Smith, David I.

    2014-01-01

    In this rebuttal to Sean Whittle), Cooling and Smith opine that: 1) Whittle's key concern is with discerning the appropriate relationship between theology and education in the context of a Christian school, 2) Whittle's criticism of our work, is that it fails to achieve a proper relationship between theology and education, and 3) Whittle…

  9. Theology after contact: religion and extraterrestrial intelligent life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haught, J F

    2001-12-01

    The prospect of encountering extraterrestrial intelligent life raises important questions for religion and theology. Even if an actual encounter with extraterrestrials never actually takes place, or proves impractical, terrestrial religious thought already has resources that can render intelligible and allow us theologically to appreciate such an eventuality.

  10. Theology and science: The quest for a new apologetics | Wentzel ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper claims that the hazy intersection between the diverse fields of theology and the other sciences is not to be clarified in the first place by exploring methodological parallels or degrees of consonance between theology and the sciences. What should be explored first is the epistemological question of the nature and ...

  11. Africanisation as an agent of theological education in Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James K. Mashabela

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on the response of Africanisation to Western theological education in Africa, which has for centuries become a theological problem for the African context. In this 21st century, Africanisation is at the centre of the African discourse and focuses on the realities of our African context. Therefore, theological education in Africa should be Africanised in order to seriously engage the aspects of Africanisation. The struggle against colonial education was to ensure that Africa is liberated from unjust educational oppression, socio-economic oppression, poverty, racism, political oppression and gender injustice. In this regard, Africanisation is an agent to address the introduced Western theological education in Africa. Yet the two concepts, namely commercialisation and commodification, have an influence on theological education in Africa.

  12. Africanisation as an agent of theological education in Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James K. Mashabela

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on the response of Africanisation to Western theological education in Africa, which has for centuries become a theological problem for the African context. In this 21st century, Africanisation is at the centre of the African discourse and focuses on the realities of our African context. Therefore, theological education in Africa should be Africanised in order to seriously engage the aspects of Africanisation. The struggle against colonial education was to ensure that Africa is liberated from unjust educational oppression, socio-economic oppression, poverty, racism, political oppression and gender injustice. In this regard, Africanisation is an agent to address the introduced Western theological education in Africa. Yet the two concepts, namely commercialisation and commodification, have an influence on theological education in Africa.

  13. AIDS: A theological and pastoral response

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. G. Miller

    1990-03-01

    Full Text Available The anticipated A.I.D.S. crisis in Southern Africa presents an opportunity for the Christian church to respond positively rather than merely to react negatively. This requires both a theological understanding and a pastoral response. Theologically, A.I.D.S. may be seen as an object lesson in the interrelation of natural, personal and historical evil. Although both the Old Testament and the New Testament warn against a simplistic doctrine of individual retribution, there are also several different ways in which the A.I.D.S. crisis may indeed in some particular cases be seen as a judgement of God while in other cases it is rather a horrifying event. Other relevant issues include matters relating to justification and sanctification and the wider ethical issues of discrimination and human rights, of "public" and "private" morality. The Church's pastoral response should include both "corrective" education to remove irrational and fearful ignorance and also "preventative" education to encourage a monogamous lifestyle. Pastoral ministry must be "redemptive", appropriate to the varying needs of persons with A.I.D.S., of their families and friends and of professional care-providers. The Church cannot ignore the A.I.D.S. crisis, but must respond to it both Biblically and pastorally.

  14. Student Theological Research as an Invitation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William Badke

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Seminary students, despite having graduated from bachelors programs, struggle to make sense of the goals, processes, skills, and resources of research as graduate students. Beyond brief introductions to research, a scattered number of seminaries have developed either a separate theological information literacy course or have taken a through-the-curriculum approach to enhancing the information abilities of students. The former, however, separates information literacy from the curriculum, while the latter is difficult to implement and maintain. Living in a world of information glut, seminary professors are finding that traditional information dissemination models of education are becoming less viable. What is more, such models tend to teach students about a discipline rather than inviting them into it. These problems present a unique opportunity to place the teaching of information literacy at the foundation of theological education. With such an approach, students may be invited into the disciplines of their professors and enabled to practice these disciplines, thus becoming equipped to turn knowledge into praxis.

  15. Xenotransplantation from the perspective of moral theology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sautermeister, Jochen

    2015-01-01

    Current medical research in the area of xenotransplantation is driven by the aim to save human lives and to improve the quality of life of those suffering from organ insufficiencies. This study reflects the therapeutic intent of xenotransplantation from a theological-ethical perspective. Regarding statements of Christian communities, the analysis focuses mainly on catholic documents. This study takes into account the document on Prospects for Xenotransplantation by the Pontifical Academy for Life as well as a position paper on xenotransplantation released as a collaboration between the German Bishops Conference (Catholic) and the Evangelical Church in Germany (Protestant). Documents of other Christian denominations will be discussed in a separate paper. Aspects concerning the areas of medicine, social ethics and animal ethics are considered as well as biographical, psychosocial, culture-bound and ideological preconditions of acceptability. These aspects also include consequences for the construction of personal identity. With regard to an anthropocentrism that is based theologically and relationally, xenotransplantation--in general--can be viewed as a permissible form of therapy, given that the principles of biomedical ethics will be observed and that animals are treated with respect. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  16. Faith Seeking Effectiveness: The Missionary Theology of José Bonino

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Davies, P.J.

    2006-01-01

    This dissertation argues that the theology of José Bonino is a praxis driven missionary theology. It is, as with every other theology, contextual—written from the perspective of the context, and is deeply affected by its context. Míguez Bonino’s theological methodology begins with missionary praxis

  17. Human dignity and biomedical ethics from a Christian theological perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ulrich H.J. Körtner

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The argument of human dignity plays an important role in current debates on human rights and their relevance in modern biomedicine. When discussing the contribution of Christian theology to current debates on human dignity and human rights the thesis is not that the modern idea of human dignity depends on a theological grounding. Also, it is not the task of theology to legitimate rights as Christian a posteriori. We do not need to deduce modern human rights from theological doctrines. The theological challenge is to find an access for Christians from their belief to the modern idea of human rights and human dignity and to discuss the contribution which theology and the churches can make to further development of human rights. The Christian image of man, which serves as the foundation for the church position on bioethical topics in the German-speaking context, is a mix of biblical motives, a Kantian interpretation of the concept of human dignity and an interpretation of the German constitutional law inspired by the Catholic tradition of natural law. The following presented theological understanding of human dignity, in contrast, was inspired by the insights of the Pauline doctrine of justification and its Protestant reinterpretation.

  18. THEOLOGY AS CREATIVE LANGUAGE. THE CASE OF THOMAS BROOKS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ciprian SIMUȚ

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The problem of theological language has been a hindrance in coming closer to God, ever since complex patterns of thought have combined with the theological inquiry. The conclusion that helped Protestantism gain ground was bringing the theological message of the Bible to the understanding of every-day believer. An effort was made to explain how God works in history, and how to become more like Christ in one’s every-day life. However, mere copying was not the foundation of Christianity. Inner conviction born out of understanding the explanation from the Biblical message was crucial. Thomas Brooks was one of the protestant theologians who aimed to explain how the Devil and evil work against the believer, in order to create chaos, disorder, sorrow, hatred, deception, and ignorance. He did this by transforming the theological message into creative language, using every-day images in order to create a relation between theology and praxis. This paper will analyze some of the aspects found in Brooks’ theological presentation, in order to show how theology could be used for the benefit of the individual believer, as well as for the benefit of society.

  19. An Integrated Competency-Based Training Model for theological training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James K. Mwangi

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the relationship between theological training and practical ministry with the purpose of addressing the fundamental problems that hinder theological training from becoming relevant. There exists a general concern about the way theological schools are preparing men and women for church ministry, with the church leadership feeling like graduates are not up to the task of ministering despite the theological training. The research has established that there is a relationship between theological training and practice of ministry and that practical ministry can only be improved through enhancing theological training. Ultimately the article establishes the need for a competent training programme modelled after the New Testament Discipleship Model approach. This model integrates knowledge, being and practical training. The article tries to outline a model of training (i.e. the Integrated Competency-Based Training Model that will seek to address many of the inadequacies in the training of church ministers with the aim of making theological training translate into the practice of ministry.

  20. Eco-theological Responses to Climate Change in Oceania

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rubow, Cecilie; Bird, Cliff

    2016-01-01

    This paper explores eco-theological responses to climate change in Oceania. First, we review central texts in the contextual theological tradition in Oceania, focusing on recent responses to climate change. This points to a body of theological texts integrating climate change into a broader effor...... actors in the cultural modeling of climate change. We highlight the uniqueness of Christian narratives from the Pacific region, while alluding to the fact that literal interpretations of scriptures are influential in many other parts of the world too....

  1. Explorations in the Aesthetic Pastoral Theology of Donald E. Capps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zylla, Phil C

    2017-10-23

    This paper will examine the curative effects of art and the reorienting perspective of poetry in the aesthetic pastoral theology of Donald E. Capps by exploring two key volumes, The Poet's Gift and At Home in the World. The paper identifies some of the key contributions of Capps's exploration of art and poetry including the recovery of perception, the advancement of reframing perspective, the notion of embodied pastoral conversation and the roots of religious sensibility. The therapeutic effect of the imaginative aesthetic pastoral theology in these two volumes is further developed by integrating three corollary themes in Capps's particular orientation to pastoral theology, namely hope, freedom and authenticity.

  2. Information Needs and Behaviours of Theology Students at the International Baptist Theological Seminary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katharina Penner

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available The study analyses information needs and behaviours of master’s and doctoral theology students currently studying at the International Baptist Theological Seminary (IBTS in Prague, Czech Republic. The aim is two-fold: first, to extend understanding of the information behaviour of theologians working as distance learners in a cross cultural setting; and secondly, to provide guidance for the development of library information services for this group. The study follows a quantitative research approach with a survey design and attempts to replicate in a modified way studies by Gorman (1990 and Stieg Dalton and Charnigo (2004. The findings suggest that theology students at IBTS use many and varied types of materials in their interdisciplinary studies while giving clear preference to books, periodicals and theses. Most of the participants have, partly successfully, embraced information technology as a tool and use it extensively. To satisfy their research needs they employ a variety of methods to find relevant information and fall back on “typical” humanists’ research behaviours when “usual” channels do not work: engage their networks, expand their personal library, and browse. While the humanist profile is evident throughout the diverse group, there are also notable differences. Theologians increasingly work interdisciplinary and integrate approaches considered typical for other disciplines. Partly differences are caused by the fact that the group under consideration are students who still experiment with research approaches. Many differences are caused by technological developments and contextual aspects.

  3. Theology of Jesus’ words from the cross

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bogdan Zbroja

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The article presents a theological message of the last words that Jesus spoke from the height of the cross. Layout content is conveyed in three kinds of Christ’s relations: the words addressed to God the Father; the words addressed to the good people standing by the cross; the so-called declarations that the Master had spoken to anyone but uttered them in general. All these words speak of the Master’s love. They express His full awareness of what is being done and of His decision voluntarily taken. Above all, it is revealed in the Lord’s statements His obedience to the will of God expressed in the inspired words of the Holy Scriptures. Jesus fulfills all the prophecies of the Old Testament by pronounced words and accomplished works that will become content of the New Testament.

  4. YHWH and the God of philosophical theology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J W Gericke

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available In popular orthodox Christian philosophical theology, it is often taken for granted that the divine philosophised about is none other than the Hebrew deity YHWH himself. Moreover , it is often assumed that the Old� Testament depicts YHWH as being, inter alia, single, omnipotent, omniscient, omnipresent, and eternal. Now while it is to be admitted that there are indeed depictions of YHWH in the Old Testament in which his profile might be thought of as corresponding more or less to the popular philosophical ideal, it is also true that there are many representations that contradict it. In this article, the author looks at how the popular profile of� YHWH in the Old Testament as reconstructed by some philosophical theologians claiming to be �biblical�� is deconstructed when it is juxtaposed with alternative renderings of the divine in the same texts.

  5. Guidelines for Authors: Cumhuriyet Theology Journal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yayın Kurulu

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Cumhuriyet Theology Journal reguires writers to use the The Chicago Manual of Style “notes and bibliography” system of referencing.First citation: author(s first name and last name, title, (if applicable first and last name of translator or editor, place of publication, publisher, date of publication, page number. Subsequent citations: author’s last name, the short title, and the page number should be indicated in all subsequent citations. Footnote citations should conform to the following examples. References: References should be placed at the end of the text in alphabetical order. If a source has more than one author, the surname and name of the first author should be written, and the other authors should be indicated by et.al. The titles of books and journals should be italicized; article titles and book chapters should be placed in quotation marks.

  6. KENOSIS Towards A New Theology Of Science

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Monserrat

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The «theology of science» which, in our opinion, brings us the image of the universe, life and man in contemporary science has its fundamental axis on the concept of «epistemological kenosis». This means that God, in the event that he is real and exists, has created an autonomous world, whose ultimate truth is enigmatic. The world can be explained without God in «atheism»; but it is also possible to construct a «theist» explanation. In other words, the «possible God» has created a world with an ambivalent, enigmatic structure, which does not «impose» His own divine presence on rational human knowledge. Therefore, God has not «imposed» His presence on human reason, that is to say, He has chosen to conceal Himself in creation, an «emptiness» or «nothingness» (kenosis of His divine presence. The divine kenosis (emptiness, nothingness or divine impotence as regards the world is epistemological. In our opinion, the idea of God from science does not permit us to speak of an «ontological kenosis». The God that science can speak of must be an omnipotent creator and the foundation of being. He is transcendent and always maintains control of the ontology of the universe. This kenosis of God in creation is the basis of human freedom (man must be religious freely, rationally but not necessarily imposed. The drama of freedom also explains the drama of suffering in the plan of salvation of God. The two grand metaphysical questions of human life in this enigmatic world are the question on the «concealed God» (a real God who has not wanted to impose Himself and the question on the «Liberating God» (due to the liberating will of this concealed God in relation to the meta-historical future of humanity. From these two metaphysical and existential questions, man makes his hermeneutics of Christianity. At this point the significance of the Mystery of Christ appears and this responds to the question on divine concealment

  7. Search for Justice: Challenges to theology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. T. H. Dolamo

    1999-08-01

    Full Text Available We held the fourth general assembly of the Ecumenical Association of Third World Theologians (EATWOT in the Philippines from December 10 - 17, 1996. The theme of the Conference was, �Search for a new, just world order: challenges to theology�. Globalization was looked at and critiqued for the impact it has on the poor as understood from the biblical perspective. Economic globalization was found to work in general against poor nations especially women in those countries hence the feminist perspective emphasised during the deliberations. The context of Asia as the poorest of the third-world continents and its religious pluralism necessitated a re-look at theology in general and Christology in particular.

  8. The natural theology of Victorian industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fisher, Nick

    2015-03-01

    As clergymen in Britain celebrated the Great Exhibition in the summer of 1851 and drew appropriate moral lessons, there was widespread agreement that the triumphs of industry on display represented the fulfilment of God's will. The basic assumption was that overcoming God's curse on Adam had been possible only through sustained hard work - industry in the early Victorian sense - and that this imperative work ethic had always been God's intention for mankind. In elaborating the details, preachers combined the British tradition of natural theology with the Scottish Enlightenment's progressive science of man to paint a picture of the slow recovery of man from the Fall through his own industry. This was the very story of civilization itself, with God the driving force. The celebrants were quite clear that it was divine providence that had ordained the greatness of Great Britain. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. [Adolphe Quetelet and biopolitics as secularized theology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pich, Santiago

    2013-01-01

    The article recaptures the work of an author who has been forgotten by the contemporary social sciences, that is, the Belgium polymath Adolphe Quetelet. Focusing on his main work, Sur l'homme et le développement de ses facultés, ou Essai de physique sociale, the study underscores how the secularization of theological principles within the realm of science was important to the construction of Quetelet's work. His dual engagement in science and politics is pertinent here, as he was the main nineteenth-century force behind the incorporation of statistics as a science essential to the State's ability to govern its people. He also played a relevant role in the realization of the hegemonic political project of modernity, biopolitics, and its influence in the field of biomedicine in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

  10. Postmodernism and the hermeneutical challenge: some theological reflections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G.J. Pillay

    1999-08-01

    Full Text Available How can one achieve the critical tension between contextual relevance in a post-modem world and "responsibility before history"? What is the justification for theological method as critical reflection within a tradition? What is the relation between ground texts that have historical authority (Scripture, the infonning tradition of interpretation of these texts (Church History, and the interpretive communities that read them (context? Raising these questions, the article argues that for all its useful insights, postmodemism fundamentally challenges theological (and historical reflection. Theology has always contextualised itself ever since its origins. What is different in this encounter is that we are dealing with an intractable ideology that not only undercuts the fundamentals but disallows the "long view" (the infonning and continually renewing tradition and the communicativeness of theology (proclamation.

  11. Thomas F. Torrance: Theology and mission in practice

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    Caroline G, Seed

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This article proposes that scholarship needs to take into account the intensely missional and practical nature of T.F. Torrance’s life and work. Using primary sources, it isolates mission to the Qiang in China as the area in which personal mission practice and theology coincide. It shows that Torrance’s theology of divine-human communion is rooted in the missio Dei, expressed in the nature of the perichoretic interrelations of the ontological Trinity and the mission of the economic Trinity in the world through the covenant history of Israel. This concept is illustrated practically in the mission history of the Qiang. A holistic concept of mission and theology is therefore at the heart of both Torrance’s biography and theology.

  12. An overview of liberation theology in orthodox Russia

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    Alexander I. Negrov

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to demonstrate the presence of a theological system of socio-critical and socio-pragmatic strands within Russian Christianity at the beginning of the twentieth century. The political and social situation in Russia at that time was reflected in a reading of the New Testament that went far beyond the more customary ecclesiastic, dogmatic and ethical issues that had traditionally concerned Russian Orthodox theology. Among the Orthodox thinkers there were two camps that focused on anti-oppression issues. Some combined these issues with the liberationist ideology of the Russian Marxists and Socialists; while the other regarded these liberation movements as an anti-Christian way of interpreting Christianity. This article further claims that certain modern developments in Liberation Theology can be found in the period during which the Russian religious thinkers attempted to develop a theological perspective which paid attention to the social and political dimensions inherent in social democracy (Marxism.

  13. Living in a digital culture: The need for theological reflection

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    Anita L. Cloete

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Today our lives are filled with technology through which we communicate, work, play and even engage with for making meaning. This implies the pervasive presence of digital media as an integral part of our everyday life. Although studies on media are mostly done by sociology and communication students, living in a digital age has significant implications for theological reflections. Despite this being the case there is gap in terms of a religious response to technology. In response to this, the aim of this article is to stimulate theological reflections with regard to living in a digital culture. This is achieved by raising theological questions in the hope that theology could take a proactive role in these discussions. The implications of living in a digital culture are quite vast; therefore, the focus will be limited to how a community is formed and sustained, and the possible implications for the church as community.

  14. Comparative Theology and Hermeneutics: A Gadamerian Approach to Interreligious Interpretation

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    Paul Hedges

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper employs the hermeneutics of Hans-Georg Gadamer as a tool to underpin the methodology of Comparative Theology. Acknowledging limitations in Gadamer’s framework, it argues these can either be overcome or bypassed in this context. The paper initially sets out Gadamer’s own understanding of the relationship of his hermeneutics to theology and its reception within theology. It then outlines Francis Clooney’s Comparative Theology using others theologians as needed to supplement this, notably Paul Knitter and Michelle Voss Roberts. The third part shows how Comparative Theology’s methodologically can be grounded in principles coming from Gadamer’s hermeneutics which provide a philosophical rationale for the discipline, making particular use of the concept of translation. It makes reference to Marianne Moyaert’s deployment of Paul Ricoeur’s hermeneutical model for interreligious understanding. Various directions for further research are suggested at the end of the paper.

  15. Ecotheology and the theology of eating: controversies and convergencies

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    Panu Pihkala

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Environmental theology (or, ecotheology developed slowly during the first half of the twentieth century and has become a major field of study since the late 1960s. While many of the issues discussed in ecotheological works have included consequences for food production and eating habits, these themes were often not explicitly discussed. The reasons for this are interesting and complex. Issues related to food have been culturally very sensitive and have manifold connections to religiosity. In regard to the discussion about the rights and value of animals, controversies have been seen to arise between ecotheology and ‘animal theology’. Recently, a new interest has arisen in the themes of food, eating, and Christian theology, which has resulted in a new field of literature which could be called the ‘theology of eating’. This article gives an overview of the relations between these fields, with an emphasis on both early ecotheology and new literature about the theology of eating.

  16. Process theology's relevance for older survivors of domestic violence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowland, Sharon

    2011-01-01

    Pastoral work with survivors of domestic violence may reveal theological struggles. Understandings of scripture that reinforce a sense of powerlessness and alienation from God may contribute to an impaired relationship and limit resources for healing. One framework for re-imaging a relationship with God is process theology. This framework was applied to a case study for one survivor. The application resulted in a line of inquiry that may assist survivors in their healing process.

  17. Attempting to develop a Pentecostal theology of worship

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    Marius Nel

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Pentecostals affirm the power of Pentecost in worship where they experience the Spirit�s revelation of Christ and teach and preach about worship. However, Pentecostal theologians have not written much about a theology of worship, so Pentecostals� worship practices are not necessarily theologically well-grounded. This article argues that the development of such a theology is necessary and timely because it will serve to inform, evaluate and regulate Pentecostal worship. It is then argued that such a theology of worship should be based on two principles emphasised by the Pentecostal fraternity: the Spirit�s equipment of all believers as priests and prophets, and their participation in all worship structures as part of the democratisation of the liturgy. Some elements of such a Pentecostal theology of worship are then explicated, specifically singing and praising God, preaching, communion and baptism, and Spirit baptism, in order to illustrate how the two main distinctive qualities of a Pentecostal worship service determine its contents. The purpose of the article is to theorise about the theological grounding of worship in the Pentecostal movement, hopefully in order to stimulate a South African debate among Pentecostals and interested parties.Intradisciplinary and/or interdisciplinary implications: Worship practices in Pentecostal services are varied but share some common perspectives. It is argued that the theology underlying these practices has not been described in a South African context, making it difficult to evaluate the worship practices in Pentecostal services. By defining a Pentecostal theology of worship it becomes possible to do such an evaluation.

  18. Theology as ontic science and its relation with Philosophy

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    Paulo Sérgio Lopes Gonçalves

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The article aims to present theology as ontic science and its relation with Philosophy or “hermeneutic philosophy”, according the contributions of the philosopher Martin Heidegger. Such proposal justified in view of two aspects. The first one is to explain the scientific dimension of theology in the set of ontic sciences. The second is to break with that view that philosophy is subservient to theology and to present it as partner in the condition of a "hermeneutic phenomenology". To achieve this goal, we will take a set   of works of Martin Heidegger that supports his philosophy or "hermeneutic phenomenology" which is present in his text Phänomenologie und Theologie. Then we will introduce Theology as ontic science and its relation to philosophy. The result will be the conception of science,   the onticity of theology and its historical, systematic, and practical nature. In this sense, the function of philosophy will appear as "ontological corrective” and the theological language ash a sort of some thinking and talking open to ontological existence of the Christian faith.

  19. Immortality in the Christian Physicalistic Theology: A Critical Survey

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    Hasan Ahmadizade

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Physicalistic Theology is a term that has no exact definition in theologian views. In the 20th century some of Christian thinkers on theology, like Nancy Murphy and Peter van Inwagen, by accepting a Physicalistic approach on human being, tried to analyze the Christian beliefs about human identity and his immortality. This approach today is called Physicalistic Theology. According to this approach, human is not but this physical body itself and so we can simply analyze the immortality problem. In this article we try to by an analytic and descriptive method, analyze the immortality of human according to the view of Physicalistic Theology. We will analyze the most important reasoning of Physicalistic Theology that is: no-interaction between the material and the immaterial, interaction between the person and the body, and the physicalism in Christian beliefs. One of the conclusions of this article is that according to Physicalistic view, the person that at some time has not been in the world, must exists any time to destroyed forever because the Christians believe to things that cannot justify rationally. The problem of immortality is one of these matters. Physicalistic Theology try to prove the immortality based on the miracles and the absolute power of God.

  20. A theological perspective on migrants and migration focussing on the Southern African Development Community (SADC

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    Botha, Nico A.

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of the paper is to draw some contours of a theology of migration. The specific focus in the paper is on the Southern African Development Community (SADC which constitutes a very complex situation of human migration from neighbouring countries to South Africa. The praxis cycle is called into service to construct a theology of migration informed by insertion, context analysis, theological reflection and strategic planning. The main thesis of the paper is that a theology of migration should as a bare minimum reflect the following dimensions: a theological theology, i.e. the language about God in the context of migration, a narrative theology, a liturgical-communal theology and an intercultural and interreligious theology. The proposal offered on strategic planning is aimed at the radical transformation of relationships between South Africans and migrants.

  1. Popularization and Autobiography. Towards an Accessible Theology

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    Štefan Štofaník

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available As research in natural sciences and humanities becomes ever more specialized and technical, and the sword of Damocles – publish or perish – hangs over the head of every scholar, academic publishing proliferates but at the cost of its public relevance. Theology is no exception here, but the consequences are potentially much more disastrous. One need not understand anything about quantum mechanics for PET scan to work, but when nobody outside of academia understands contemporary theology, it is hard to imagine how “faith seeking understanding” makes any sense in the absence of such understanding amongst the believers. In order for a work of theology to make sense, it should be accessible for a wider public and it has to be existentially relevant. The present essay offers a few suggestions how theologians might go about meeting these kriteria. Popularizace a autobiografie aneb Pokus o srozumitelnou teologii Výzkum v oblasti přírodních a humanitních věd nabývá stále specializovanějšího a techničtějšího rozměru. Damoklův meč publish or perish (publikuj anebo zmiz se vznáší nad hlavou každého vědce. Akademické publikace tedy přibývají co do počtu, ale často tomu bývá na úkor relevance pro širší okruh čtenářů. Teologie zde není výjimkou. Ve srovnání s ostatními vědami jsou v takovém případě důsledky pro teologii potenciálně mnohem katastrofálnější. K fungování a využití pozitronové emisní tomografie skutečně není potřeba, aby každý chápal základy kvantové mechaniky. Když ale nikdo mimo akademickou obec nerozumí moderní teologii, je těžké si představit, jak může známý výrok „víra hledá porozumění“ dávat smysl věřícím. Smysluplná teologická práce by měla být přístupná širší veřejnosti a měla by mít jistý existenciální rozměr, který by byl každému srozumitelný. Tento příspěvek nabízí několik doporučení, jak by se teologov

  2. Bioethics in Catholic Theology and Scientific Bioethics

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    Luka Tomašević, PhD, ScD

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Every creature is good and subject to the principle of solidarity that everyone has been blessed and gifted with life by God. Therefore, we cannot have one without the other, and no man exists without an animal.Over the last several decades, our world has been confronted with many ethical problems and ethics is being more and more sought after in spheres of human conduct and profession. Man has acquired enormous power over the world and over life itself, but he has also, willingly or not, become more responsible for 'the threats' against his very life, as well as against the life of other creatures. Within this context a discussion on biocentrism has ensued, which should replace Christian biblical anthropocentrism. At any rate, man has encountered a challenge to expand his moral sphere because nature needs his protection, whereas he no longer needs to protect himself from nature. It is exactly this point that poses a paradox: only man can give protection to nature and the whole of life within it. Having crossed all limits, he has to establish them yet again. Once again, he has to search for these limits within himself, which is exactly what original Christianity demands: to act according to one's pure belief (St. Peter. The aim of this work lies in trying to answer the questions of how to preserve life and healthy environment, how to achieve harmony between the development and modern ideas and trends as well as to establish the right relationship between man and his environment. The author primarily points out to the rising of pastoral medicine in Catholic theology, whose emergence was caused by the development of medical science and which gradually transforms into today's bioethics that is acknowledged by the theology. He then proceeds to discuss the disharmony between man and nature, about the rising of the 'animal rights' movement, and finally, about the beginnings of scientific and global bioethics which has developed in USA and which has

  3. Theology and development as capability expansion

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    Séverine Deneulin

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available For the last 25 years, human development has become part of official development discourses. It takes the normative position that the success of policies depends on whether they have expanded human flourishing, or expanded the ‘freedoms’ or ‘capabilities’ people have ‘reason to value’, as Amartya Sen would put it. It emphasises the importance of institutions to facilitate such expansion, and the agency of people to create such institutions. The ability of institutions to be conducive to human flourishing depends on the nature of human interaction. When human interaction no longer has the flourishing of other persons as its aim, it can create structures which then constrain human agency. The article argues that the human development perspective could be enriched by theological insights such as structural sin and the contribution of religious narratives to public reasoning. It concentrates on the idea of justice of one biblical parable, and illustrates its argument with examples from the Argentine labour context.

  4. Human dignity: a philosophical and theological approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomasević, Luka

    2010-09-01

    We all use the term "human dignity" both often and gladly. This term exists also in legislation, such as declarations and constitutions of some countries, beginning from UNESCO, WHO, Council of Europe, and they all have the same inspiration to achieve the same goal: protection of human dignity. Human dignity seems as a principle connected with the protection of life itself, protection of health, and is also connected with research. But, today it is far more difficult to determine the meaning of this term and on what grounds it is based. Is human dignity something objective or is it grounded on cultural values that vary throughout history? Is the primary finding of human dignity in its self-determination against the power of the community, i.e. state? What do philosophy, and Christian theology have to say on dignity and what are the bioethical implications of our time? The author first introduces us to the development of the meaning of the term "human dignity", starting from the pre-Christian time, through the Christian perception of person and one's dignity, philosophical notion and grounds of human dignity, to then give the idea of dignity according to bioethical standards.

  5. Rev 12 as a theology of history

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    Joanna Nowińska

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The Biblical writers notice history as the space of God’s rule. He is the director, who comes into contact with human being through signs – events and words, and also He is the history’s perpetuum mobile. Rev 12 specifically reflect nowadays and the previous in the context of the whole world’s vision and mix the reference to facts (lack of the temple, ark, faithful people, horrible experiences, the death danger, places (the temple, a desert, persons (the Child-Ruler, Michael with the Old Testament figurative exposing, a typical one for such a book (the Woman with Child, the heaven, the dragon, enriched with a lot of symbols (a crown, a horn, the moon under feet. God’s interference into World history is presented through lightning, voices, thunder, an earthquake and great hail, that stress His power and supremacy. The biblical writer refers to events, which make place whole the time in the natural- and supernatural space, like: the war between God and evil, persecutions, hiding, God’s care of men.  The specific literary structure of Rev 12, contrary to the other parts of that book, seem to help to put an accent for the fundamental truths for transcendental theology of history of which the most important is the eternal rule of God and only accidental, finished in the time perspective of Satan’s position.

  6. Introducing some secular and feminist theological insights of body into theological conversation

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    Raymond Potgieter

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Whether the conversation is casual or professional, words such as body, woman, and heart a repart and parcel of community conversation. However, the understanding of the meaning of a specific word such as body may prove to be elusive, vague or alternately take on a complexity often removed from ordinary conversation. Although the insights from Christian feminists have enriched the traditional theological understanding of the word body their insights are not always associated with the general use of the term. A richer understanding of the word results in recapturing the meaning of body, not only for women but also for society’s theological conversation and ‘body-talk’ as a whole.Ongeag of die gesprek informeel of professioneel is, bly die woorde liggaam, vrou en hart deel van die gemeenskapsgesprek. Die begrip of betekenis van ’n bepaalde woord soos liggaam, kan ontwykend vaag of alternatiewelik ’n kompleksiteit aanneem wat van gewone gesprekvoering verwyderd is. Feministe het onder andere ook van sekere woorde, waaronder besitreg geneem en dit aan kritiese teologiese ondersoek onderwerp. Hulle insig verryk die tradisionele begrip van die woord – nie net vir vroue nie, maar vir gemeenskapsteologie in die geheel.

  7. Reframing Catholic Theological Ethics from a Scotistic Perspective

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    Nenad Polgar

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The article engages with Joseph Selling’s most recent publication Reframing Catholic Theological Ethics in which he invites theological ethicists to re-think the post-Tridentine development of theological ethics by noting its methodological deficiencies, misrepresentation of sources, and an insufficient interest in the most fundamental question: What is it that we are trying to achieve in our moral lives in the first place? In order to re-orient the discipline, Selling proposes a new reading of Thomas Aquinas’ Treatise on Human Acts (ST I-II, 1-21, but the present author argues that this might not be enough, given the debate within the discipline on how Aquinas’ text ought to be interpreted. Hence, the author proposes an alternative route to ‘reframing Catholic theological ethics’ via the works of John Duns Scotus and explores his ethical ideas that might be pertinent for such a project. The main focus of the article is a reflection on Scotus’ ‘case study’ of marriage and bigamy in the Old Testament that justifies drawing a parallel between his work and Selling’s attempt to reframe Catholic theological ethics.

  8. Theology and psychology – the interdisciplinary work of Fraser Watts

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    Willem J. Smith

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available In the preface to his book, Theology and Psychology, Fraser Watts, a lecturer in Theology and Natural Science at the University of Cambridge, states that he approaches “… the interface between theology and psychology by looking at each discipline from the perspective of the other. This includes a religious perspective on several current hot topics in psychology, such as evolution, neuroscience, and computer intelligence. I also consider theological topics like divine action, salvation history and eschatology, in each case using the psychological perspective in a different way”. By taking an interdisciplinary approach, Watts aims at proposing a psychology of religious experience. He considers theology to be the rational reflection on the Christian tradition. When exponents of this tradition are in dialogue with exponents of psychology, the focus falls on human nature. Watts admits that a certain lack of competence in one of the two disciplines can be a problem when working in an interdisciplinary way. However, he is willing to take the risk. Watts worked in psychology for 25 years and was also involved with a medical research council, before taking up a position at the Faculty of Divinity, University of Cambridge.

  9. Competence-based approach in orthodox theological education in the context of its modernization

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    V. M. Popovych

    2015-03-01

    Competence­based approach in the context of reforming of orthodox theological education that generates a problem with determination of key competences of the graduate of the highest spiritual institution which consists in overcoming of a contradiction between two main objectives of theological education ­ spiritual education and acquisition of theological knowledge. As a factor of the solution of this problem incorporation of the social doctrine of the Orthodox Church in the system of theological education can act. It allows to allocate three groups of key competencies in theological education: competence in the field of theological knowledge, moral and ethical competence, social / civic competence, and full incorporation of the social doctrine of the Church in the system of theological education promotes formation of the main competences of the allocated groups and acts as the integrating factor that unites as spiritual education and development of future priest, and as acquisition of theological knowledge by him.

  10. Invisible World and Modern Physics: Modern Science and Theology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Theodossiou, E.; Manimanis, V. N.; Danezis, E.

    2010-07-01

    A characteristic of the Western thought is the effort to counter Christian theology through arguments based on scientific discoveries (antirrhetic theology). Two objections can be raised against this trait: a) Modern science considers as a fact the future expansions, corrections, even total abolishment of scientific knowledge in the face of new discoveries. Therefore, dogmatic positions must not be based on temporary scientific views. b) Antirrhetic theology is mostly based on out-of-date scientific views of the period 1650-1900, which are not valid any more. The example of modern physics and cosmology is prime among them; in these sciences, the prevailing theories are based on the existence of an imperceptible reality, or on apparently “illogical” (in the sense of classical logic) fundamental properties of matter and its particles in quantum mechanics.

  11. HTS Theological Studies and Verbum et Ecclesia – the journals of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    p1243322

    Abstract. This article celebrates the centenary of the University of Pretoria. (UP) in 2008. The editors of Verbum et Ecclesia and HTS Theological. Studies, the two theological journals associated with the Faculty of. Theology at UP, reflect on the journals' historical roots, editorial focuses, distinctive features, subscription and ...

  12. Dalit humanization: A Quest based on M.M. Thomas' theology of salvation and humanization

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rajaiah, J.

    2016-01-01

    Chapter one states the central quest of this thesis: to develop a Dalit theology on the basis of the concepts salvation and humanization of M.M. Thomas. Chapter two elucidates the socio- political and religious milieu which influenced his theology. Thomas’ theology has evolved and developed in

  13. An Educology of Vocation on a Theological and Philosophical Basis (An Essay in Philosophy of Educology)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danilevicius, Eugenijus

    2005-01-01

    This article delivers a theological and philosophical basis for an educology of vocation, using educological, theological, and philosophical scientific resources. This scientific theoretical research analyzes the contribution of theology and philosophy to an educology of vocation. Furthermore the article investigates the practical methodical…

  14. The black church as the womb of black liberation theology?: Why the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2015-04-30

    Apr 30, 2015 ... also in the theological education curricula of the URCSA. The centres for the theological formation ... on the psychological location of the minister and his or her members. It depends on the .... frequent, black theology is in fact more needed today in democratic South Africa than ever before. I am of the view ...

  15. “God and the gods”: Faith and human-made idols in the theology of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The First Commandment played an important role in the theology of Karl Barth. His personal obedience to this commandment contributed to his realization that one cannot be comfortable with the Liberal theology of the early twentieth century and accept the theological thinking that supported National Socialism. The First ...

  16. Sexuality and partnership: Aspects of theological ethics in the field of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    p1243322

    denomination and a social institution in its life and actions. As is the case with all ethical decisions ... married couples from different religious denominations and the theological basis of so-called ecumenical weddings). ... Tillich as „myth of origin” but also theologically. One can object to the approach of a theology of ...

  17. Theological ethics, moral philosophy, and public moral discourse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jonsen, Albert R

    1994-03-01

    The advent and growth of bioethics in the United States in the late 1960s and early 1970s precipitated an era of public moral discourse, that is, the deliberate attempt to analyze and formulate moral argument for use in public policy. The language for rational discussion of moral matters evolved from the parent disciplines of moral philosophy and theological ethics, as well as from the idioms of a secular, pluralistic world that was searching for policy answers to difficult bioethical questions. This article explores the basis and content of the unique contributions of both theological and philosophical ethics to the development of public moral discourse.

  18. In the Image of Love: Key Voices for Theological Anthropology

    OpenAIRE

    Meszaros, Julia; De Maeseneer, Yves

    2017-01-01

    Love lies at the very heart of the Christian faith and its conception of both God and the human being. Nevertheless, the growing field of theological anthropology has yet to fully avail itself of philosophy’s and theology’s renewed attention to the theme of love. The Introduction to this special issue proposes the phrase ‘in the image of Love’ as an invitation to examine the relation between theological anthropology and love throughout the history of Christian thought. Guided by this motif, t...

  19. Decolonising the commercialisation and commodification of the university and theological education in South Africa

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    Dumisane W. Methula

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available This article problematises the critical subject of the decolonisation of the university and theological education in South Africa from the neo-colonisation of commercialisation and commodification. The article, written from a decolonial perspective, serves as an epistemic critique of the cultures of corporatisation, rationalisation and entrepreneurship in higher education driven by the marketisation of society by the neoliberal institutions of globalisation. The article engages the role of decolonising theological education by drawing insights from African/Black theologies, the discourse on Africanisation and liberation to counter the strangulation and dominance of the commodification and commercialisation of theological education and prosperity theology in Africa, particularly in South Africa.

  20. Decolonising the commercialisation and commodification of the university and theological education in South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dumisane W. Methula

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available This article problematises the critical subject of the decolonisation of the university and theological education in South Africa from the neo-colonisation of commercialisation and commodification. The article, written from a decolonial perspective, serves as an epistemic critique of the cultures of corporatisation, rationalisation and entrepreneurship in higher education driven by the marketisation of society by the neoliberal institutions of globalisation. The article engages the role of decolonising theological education by drawing insights from African/Black theologies, the discourse on Africanisation and liberation to counter the strangulation and dominance of the commodification and commercialisation of theological education and prosperity theology in Africa, particularly in South Africa.

  1. Karl Rahner’s Theology of Grace between Catholic Church and Nouvelle Theologie

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    Fallahi, J

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The relation between nature and grace is an important subject in Christian theology and some other important lendental theologian, Karl Rahner, was in some agreement and disagreement with both of them. He expressed his theory in this context and by use of some concepts such as supernatural existential, uncreated grace, and obediential potency, attempted to make an improved statement of the subject. Grace in the theology of Rahner is as important as it is called Theology of Grace. His theory contains important connotations for both catholic theology and his theology, and has been dealt with some criticism that will be examined here.

  2. R.D. Laing's theological hinterland: the contrast between mysticism and communion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Gavin

    2012-06-01

    Contrasting elements in R.D. Laing's psychiatry can be traced to two kinds of Christian theology: mystical theology and corporate theology. On one hand, Laing's mystical theology combined with psychoanalytic theory, to provide a New Age psychotherapeutic account of the recovery of authentic selfhood via metanoia. On the other, his incarnational, corporate theology promoted social inclusion of the mentally ill, particularly via therapeutic communities. For Laing, as for other post-war British Christians, a turn inwards, to mysticism and the sacralization of the self, and a turn outwards, to social and political activism, were ways of negotiating with the decline of traditional Christianity.

  3. Theology and the (post-apartheid university: Mapping discourses, interrogating transformation

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    Rian Venter

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the specific position of Theology at South African universities, following the recent developments on campuses that catapulted the urgency for greater commitment to radical transformation in higher education to public attention. A large corpus of material is generated on theological education as such, but the major question is rarely thematised as the transformation of Theology at public universities in (post-apartheid South Africa. This article addresses the nature of the challenge by following a distinct approach. Ten major discourses in the wider reflection on theological education are identified and interpreted as avenues to achieve three aims: to convey the unique challenge for Theology, to give historical texture to issues conventionally addressed a-politically in Theology and to forward an interpretation of ‘transformation’ for Theology that emphasises its multi-layered nature

  4. Tweeting dignity: A practical theological reflection on Twitter's ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2017-08-10

    Aug 10, 2017 ... degrees in Practical Theology and New Testament, she personifies the establishment of a multidisciplinary scientific methodology that gives scope to persons marginalised in various ways. This has led to Yolanda's research having a strong relevance-contextual character with topical themes related to the ...

  5. genesis 35:8 in the literary and theological context

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    However, the analysis of the verse in its literary and theological context in this article shows .... Jacob Cycle (Gen. 25:12-35:29). The seemingly disparate materials in the chapter serve as closure to the Jacob narrative and relate to Jacob's final ... Rebekah was overlooked7 point to something extraordinary about this life?

  6. Revisiting Mary Daly: Towards a quadripartite theological and philosophical paradigm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hannelie Wood

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available I was a tenderfoot in feminist discourse when I started my research on patriarchy, feminism, and Mary Daly. In my thesis, one aspect I engaged was Daly’s battle with gender issues in Christian theology. From the beginning I was troubled by Mary Daly’s views on God, men, and women in her discourse on Christianity. Daly undoubtedly contributed to the discussion on gender issues in the Christian faith, but her focus on androcentrism and her interpretations of Scripture led her to abandon the Christian faith. Mary Daly has written extensively on patriarchy as it is found in religion – particularly in the Christian faith – and how it filters through society. In her critique of patriarchy she set her course to dismantle the facade of a patriarchal and misogynistic God as the root of patriarchy. Daly did not see any positive qualities of the Christian faith and completely rejected other interpretations of a God whose person embraces both male and female qualities. Against this background I will evaluate Daly’s post-Christian feminist theological and philosophical paradigm. I propose that Daly has a quadripartite theological and philosophical paradigm wherein there are four main players. The ‘Who is who’ in Daly’s quadripartite patriarchal theological and philosophical paradigm are the patriarchal male, the patriarchal female, the patriarchal God and the biophilic woman.

  7. 34 Theological Education and Character Formation in Nigerian ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    First Lady

    2013-01-28

    Jan 28, 2013 ... identity has been the foundations of the separation of each from the other and the cause of intra- and inter-ethnic group ... to be collected into the unity of a Bible or book which is technically called canonics;. (d) .... Through indoctrination, they present their particular brand of parochial theological views so ...

  8. transformation, theology and the public university in south africa

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    several critical issues such as the plurality of intellectual traditions and identity ... vast effects on institutions of knowledge transmission and production will ...... BRAnd, G. 2011. Is fides quaerens intellectum a scholarly enterprise? Some thoughts on confessional theology at a public university. In: R. Venter (ed.), Faith, religion.

  9. THE ART OF CREATING FUTURES – PRACTICAL THEOLOGY ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper explores a futures perspective for practical theology. Although there are some examples of a future orientation, a systematic futures perspective has not been developed. Building on futures studies (including predictive studies on foresight and design and architecture studies), the authors propose a ...

  10. Tradition, modernity and the future of African theology

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ving theological motive is the conviction that the successful mediation of both is an expression of faithfulness to the ..... and the necessary transformation of an internalised history into the future of African. Christianity. .... an oustanding example of how modernity and Christianity transform African societies. These values are ...

  11. Transformative remedies towards managing diversity in South African theological education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marilyn Naidoo

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available South Africa is a complex society filled with diversity of many kinds. Because of the enormous and profound changes of the last 20 years of democracy, this can be perceived as a society in social identity crisis which is increasingly spilling over into many areas of life. Churches have also gone through a process of reformulating their identity and have restructured theological education for all its members resulting in growing multicultural student bodies. These new student constituencies reflect a wide spectrum of cultural backgrounds, personal histories and theological commitments, and represent diversity in race, ethnicity, culture, class, gender, age, language and sexual orientation. These issues of diversity are theologically complicated and contested as they are attached to religious dogma. Diversity exists as a threat and promise, problem and possibility. Using current conceptualisations of diversity in South African Higher Education this article will seek to understand the notion of diversity and difference and the possibility of developing transformative remedies within the theological education curriculum.

  12. Cura animarum as hope care: Towards a theology of the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Cura animarum as hope care: Towards a theology of the resurrection within the human quest for meaning and hope. ... If pastoral caregiving is indeed about change and hope, the resurrection describes an ontology of hope by which human beings are transformed into a total new being. Beyond the discriminating and ...

  13. Open Access and Authors’ Rights Management: A Possibility for Theology?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kevin L. Smith

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Several academic disciplines have begun to understand the benefits of open access to scholarship, both for scholars and for the general public. Scientific disciplines have led the way, partially due to the nature of scholarship in those areas and partially because they have felt the crisis in serials pricing more acutely than others. Theological studies, however, have largely been insulated from the push for open access; considering the reasons for that is the first task of this article. It is also the case, however, that the missionary impulse that stands behind much theological scholarship is a strong incentive to embrace the opportunities afforded by digital, online dissemination of research and writing. After discussing this imperative for global distribution, the bulk of the article focuses on how theological institutions, and especially their libraries, can encourage and support scholars in making their work freely accessible. Copyright issues, including the elements of a successful copyright management program, are discussed, as are some of the technological elements necessary for an efficient and discoverable open access repository. Options for licensing, both at ingestion of content and at dissemination to users are also considered. Finally, it is argued that the role of consortia and professional organizations in supporting these initiatives is especially important because of the relatively small size of so many theological institutions.

  14. Practical Theology and Religious Education in a Pluralist Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hull, John M.

    2004-01-01

    The relation between Christian practical theology and religious education is discussed from a contextual perspective, commencing with a number of distinctions between various teaching processes which are then applied to the teaching of religion. The implications for a Christian philosophy of education are considered, and it is suggested that the…

  15. Trinity, time and ecumenism in Robert Jenson’s theology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anné H. Verhoef

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Robert Jenson, an American Lutheran theologian, is well known as a Trinitarian and
    ecumenical theologian. In his Trinitarian theology he makes specific choices regarding
    the relationship between God and time as an attempt to overcome the Hellenistic
    influences on the early church’s theology, especially about the timelessness of God.
    Jenson proposes a temporal infinity or timefullness of God, which is central to the
    relationships within the Trinity. Jenson temporally defines the unity of the Trinity
    in relation to the claim that God is in fact the mutual life and action of the three
    persons, Father, Son and Spirit as they move toward the future. In the Trinity’s
    relationship to time the person Jesus fulfils a very specific role, namely the “specious
    present”, and this temporal location of Him leads in Jenson’s theology to a very
    strong ecclesiology and eventually to specific proposals regarding ecumenism. In this
    article I will investigate this link between Trinity, time and ecumenism in Jenson’s
    theology.

  16. Public pastoral leaders: The purpose of theological training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Malan Nel

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available This article is a follow-up of an article in which I attempted to gain insight into the corporate nature of being called to ministry. The mentioned article was also aimed at discerning the specifics of the ministry of the “public pastoral leader”. While the question is even asked whether theological training is necessary at all, I accept, as point of departure, the critical need for such training. What is of more importance is the discernment of what I call in this article the “teleological core” of theological education. I purposefully chose to explore the contributions of a number of well-known scholars who devoted much of their research to this field: Schner, Farley, Wood, Hough and Cobb, Heitink, Van der Ven and a few others. The ultimate finding is that some consensus about the telos of theological education does exist. The nature of the telos is phrased differently, but the different dimensions identified are indeed complementary. Concepts like “vision and discernment”, “critical reflection” “reflective practitioner”, “hermeneutical-communicative com- petence” and others are discussed as they relate to the core research problem. Attention is also given to the necessity of training a “basic pastor” as well as to the importance of “limited specialisation” in theological training.

  17. Theology and science: The quest for a new apologetics

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    enced by both the philosophical cosmology of the ancient world and the scientific discoveries of our time. The natural sciences, however, have also been seriously influenced by theological presuppositions throughout its long history. From the days of the early church, through the revival of Aristotelian thought in the Middle ...

  18. A Practical-Theological perspective on corruption: towards a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article aims to delineate the basis-theoretical and meta-theoretical perspectives on the phenomenon of corruption. It defines solution-based pastoral markers should the research indeed establish a definitive role for pastoral theology in addressing this serious societal ill. Thus it attempts to scrutinize the dynamic factors ...

  19. Andries van Aarde – A sideways glance: His theological and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article pays tribute to Andries van Aarde's theological and hermeneutical contribution. His research unfolds in three phases: a narrative reading of the text, a social scientific investigation of the context and an 'ideal construct' of the historical Jesus. Despite the theoretical nature of these inquiries, Van Aarde indicates ...

  20. Saint, Sinner, or Soldier - Liberation Theology and Low Intensity Conflict

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-12-17

    wing 71 extremist. The rise of Liberation Theology in Guatemala received its momentum from the Maryknoll’s Cursillos de Capacitacion . This program...34Guatemala," pp. 312-313. 71. Summarized from Ibid, p. 313. 72. Information on the Cursillos de Capacitacion and the quote were taken from Michael

  1. The unrealised ethical potential of the Methodist theology of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2015-10-14

    Oct 14, 2015 ... Dr David Field is a research .... develop this insight in any detail.2 Over a century later the ... two kingdoms theology and common grace in Reformed .... Wesley argued that God was at work in these .... and is, thus, passed from one generation to another (see .... An ethic of hope is never satisfied with.

  2. 119 ANGLICAN VIA-MEDIA: AN INSTRUMENT FOR THEOLOGICAL ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    different theological thoughts that have brought great changes in her doctrinal formulation, structure and .... right for those who are not called to marriage but at the same time 'rejecting homosexual practice as incompatible with .... conservative view was right rather the biblical Christ centered which serves as the middle way.

  3. Cura animarum as hope care: Towards a theology of the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2014-04-14

    Apr 14, 2014 ... The following critical questions are posed: is hope the antidote of dread and despair or a kind of escapism from the harsh realities of anguish and suffering? What is meant by hope in Christian spirituality and how is hope connected to a theology of the resurrection? Is resurrection hope merely a kind of ...

  4. HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies - Vol 73, No 6 (2017)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Commentary on the documents Nostra aetate and Lumen gentium · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Piet J. van der Merwe. Theology of religions in Martin Luther · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT ...

  5. The Resiliency of Children and Spirituality: A Practical Theological Reflection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dillen, Annemie

    2012-01-01

    Resilience is described by Richardson as "the motivational force within everyone that drives them to pursue wisdom, self-actualisation, and altruism and to be in harmony with a spiritual source of strength". The author discusses this view from a Christian theological perspective and in reference to the debate concerning the self-actualisation…

  6. Survey research in practical theology and congregational studies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hermans, C.A.M.; Schoeman, W.J.

    2015-01-01

    Empirical research is understood as the search for knowledge-based empirical data. The best-known data-based research strategy is survey research. In practical theology, survey research is probably one of the most used research strategies. In the exploration of congregational life, a broader

  7. Kingdom, church and civil society: A theological paradigm for civil ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article deals with the role that churches can and should play in civil society to develop societal morally. The central-theoretical argument is that the biblical notion of the kingdom of God can, when it is systematically and theologically developed, offer an acceptable foundation for the civil action of churches. In light of this ...

  8. HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies - Vol 67, No 1 (2011)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Andries van Aarde – A sideways glance: His theological and hermeneutical contribution to the South African scene · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. G de Villiers. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/hts.v67i1.1033 ...

  9. Walter Schmithals: His contribution to the theological and historical ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    2010-07-10

    Jul 10, 2010 ... Dr G.M.M. Pelser as co-supervisor), in close collaboration of Professor. Scmhithals himself. This doctoral thesis was published as History and Theology: ... investigation of the life of Jesus and on the interpretation of 1 Corinthians and 2 Corinthians. ..... using their training in historical method in practice. They.

  10. HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies - Vol 72, No 1 (2016)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Overcoming alienation in Africanising theological education · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Marilyn Naidoo. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/hts.v72i1.3062 ...

  11. Calvin's election mix in small-scale theology | Loader | HTS ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper shows how Calvin's ideas about the Old Testament concept of Israel's election can be dangerous when they are applied uncritically. The main illustration material is drawn from a context the author was himself part of, notably the South African apartheid theology of Calvinist provenance. The paper begins with ...

  12. Responding to the challenge of Black Theology: Liberating Ministry ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The project participants set out to think through the questions of a ministry to the white community in dialogue and in solidarity with Black Consciousness and Black Theology and the article seeks to explore the extent to which this initial focus was attended to in the main themes developed. Particular attention is given to how ...

  13. from theology to mystagogy. the interiorisation of the protestant ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    person and how the encounter with the divine reality may provoke in them a process of transformation. Theological language may be used to express the process of becoming conscious of the divine human relation- ship. This essay will present as paradigm the reflection of Dag Hammar- skjöld on the history of his belief.

  14. Tweeting dignity: A practical theological reflection on Twitter's ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2017-08-10

    Aug 10, 2017 ... public life in its various dimensions is recognized' (Osmer &. Schweitzer ... Practical theologians reflect on the contours of lived human experience in relation to a wide range of .... originated from the USA and Europe, with a small ..... Mapping modern theology, a themafic and historical introducfion, pp.

  15. Towards an African Reformed theology enthused by an interlocution ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2014-06-17

    Jun 17, 2014 ... notions tend to pick up different meanings as they evolve, so these notions are especially seen in that light. The theological hegemony, which in the South African academic circles had become enveloped in the Reformed identity, is here forced to critically consider Africanness. This is considered significant, ...

  16. Lecture One: Rediscovering Darwin for theology – Rethinking human personhood

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Wentzel van Huyssteen

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available In a series of three articles, presented at the Goshen Annual Conference on Science and Religion in 2015, with the theme ‘Interdisciplinary Theology and the Archeology of Personhood’, J. Wentzel van Huyssteen considers the problem of human evolution – also referred to as ‘the archaeology of personhood’ – and its broader impact on theological anthropology. These Goshen Lectures explore the potentiality that the history of human evolution provides bridge theories to theological anthropology and thus to a positive and constructive way of appropriating Darwinian thought for a public, interdisciplinary Christian theology. Lecture One tracks a select number of contemporary proposals for the evolution of aspects of human personhood. These aspects were of significance for Darwin: the evolution of cognition; the evolution of imagination, music and language; the evolution of morality; and the evolution of the religious disposition. The article acknowledges the close ties to hominid ancestors and focuses on the emergence of human distinctiveness, consciousness and personhood, and the propensity for religious awareness and experience.

  17. A Man Caught Between Bad Anthropology and Good Theology?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Else Marie Wiberg

    2010-01-01

    Martin Luther's view of women is as complex as his authorship is vast, encompassing a diversity of gneres and purposes. Luther seems ambivalent toward women like the tradition before and after him. In his reformation enterprise he appears as torn between his good theology and a bad anthropology...

  18. Human dignity and biomedical ethics from a Christian theological ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011-07-11

    Jul 11, 2011 ... outweighed by the hope to reduce the number of genetic defects and deformations and possibly to improve desirable traits such as intelligence. It would be wrong to be morally enraged about this superhumanism or transhumanism without providing counter arguments. Furthermore, it would be theologically.

  19. Lecture One: Rediscovering Darwin for theology – Rethinking human personhood

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Wentzel van Huyssteen

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available In a series of three articles, presented at the Goshen Annual Conference on Science and Religion in 2015, with the theme ‘Interdisciplinary Theology and the Archeology of Personhood’, J. Wentzel van Huyssteen considers the problem of human evolution – also referred to as ‘the archaeology of personhood’ – and its broader impact on theological anthropology. These Goshen Lectures explore the potentiality that the history of human evolution provides bridge theories to theological anthropology and thus to a positive and constructive way of appropriating Darwinian thought for a public, interdisciplinary Christian theology. Lecture One tracks a select number of contemporary proposals for the evolution of aspects of human personhood. These aspects were of significance for Darwin: the evolution of cognition; the evolution of imagination, music and language; the evolution of morality; and the evolution of the religious disposition. The article acknowledges the close ties to hominid ancestors and focuses on the emergence of human distinctiveness, consciousness and personhood, and the propensity for religious awareness and experience.

  20. Kerk en volk | van Wyk | HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The background to this negative attitude is not only the racial situation in South Africa, but also the experiences of church and theology in Nazi Germany. The conclusion at which the author arrives, is that, because of its assosiation with apartheid in South Africa, the word 'nation' has became more and more a curse.

  1. closing gaps in open distance learning for theology students

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    from the theological courses for which they enrolled. By adjusting the values of the four components of blended learning and using both active and passive learning tools, students can learn course content and develop a core of applicable, transferable skills needed to succeed in the Open Distance Learning environment. 1.

  2. The utility of practical theology: mapping the domain, goals ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    If practical theology wants to construct knowledge about the improvement of practice, some strategies are preferable compared to other strategies. The question of utility refers to the methodological criteria of empirical research regarding (a) the object of research or the problem to be solved, (b) the needs of the stakeholders ...

  3. Tthe covenant in Ulrich Huber's enlightened theology, jurisprudence ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This investigation gains value as a result of its emphasis on the prominence of the covenant in the inextricably linked disciplines of theology, jurisprudence and political theory; as well as its revitalisation of the complicated nature of the covenant. What also comes to the fore is the role of pre-liberalism in the evolution of the ...

  4. A theology of the Greek version of Proverbs

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2015-07-17

    Jul 17, 2015 ... This contribution demonstrates that it is possible to formulate a theology of LXX Proverbs. It limits itself to a pilot study ... The pocket edition by Rahlfs (1979) is used as the basis for this contribution. Basic to all interpretative .... This is also the case in Plato's Timaeus 91d, where the innocent are described as ...

  5. Knowing, believing, living in Africa: A practical theology perspective ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... theology is to question what the undergirding epistemology and beliefs for this shift are and to reinterpret it in the light of the gospel. The impact of Western culture on African traditional villages is telling in so far as traditional African values and practices are being lost at the expense of Western ideology, technology, media, ...

  6. Justice with mercy: About a contemporary Palestinian theology

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    p1243322

    Several. Christian sanctuaries are mentioned, to which pilgrims went according to contemporary Christian literature. The map is therefore rightly understood as a pilgrims' map, which reflect the extension and importance of Christianity in. 1 Dr Knud Jeppesen, Vice Rector Emeritus, Tantur Ecumenical Institute for Theological.

  7. Post-Foundational Practical Theology as Correlational Hermeneutic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This shift in confidence occurred because the inherent theological and epistemological fault lines in foundationalism are no longer obscure. The article defines foundationalism and then focuses on describing the local and global dimensions of the pastoral cycle as well as the importance of doing it in an interdisciplinary ...

  8. Tweeting dignity: A practical theological reflection on Twitter's ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Social media makes an important contribution to a rapidly changing world in which various domains of meaning are described anew. The evolving nature and dynamic character of social media therefore provides for a rich praxis terrain with which to interact from a practical theological orientation. More specifically ...

  9. Teaching Introductory Upper-Level Religion and Theology Classes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clingerman, Forrest; O'Brien, Kevin J.

    2015-01-01

    The undergraduate study of religion is predominantly undertaken by non-majors who are meeting a general education requirement. This means that, while curricular discussions make important distinctions between the work of lower- and upper-division courses, many religion and theology faculty are teaching hybrid courses that we call…

  10. Four Links between Child Theology and Children's Spirituality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mountain, Vivienne

    2011-01-01

    It is my thesis that the Child Theology Movement is a new and significant aspect of cultural change within the Christian church that will have resonance with the wider community, affecting parenting behaviour as well as spiritual and religious education. This paper examines some of the aspects of children's spirituality that link to and have value…

  11. Theology and philosophy within Radical Orthodoxy (Milbank) and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article aims to show that, despite agreeing on some basic issues such as rejecting the dogma of the autonomy of reason and accepting that there is no territory independent of God, Radical Orthodoxy and Reformational Philosophy nonetheless differ. While both philosophy and theology, according to Radical Orthodoxy, ...

  12. Identity, Language and Theology for the Proclamation of the Gospel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goitia Padilla, Francisco Javier

    2012-01-01

    This dissertation is a linguistic approach to theology informed by the philosophical work of Ludwig Wittgenstein. It is situated in the construction of Puerto Rican identity in the elliptic Puerto Rican geography of the island and the Puerto Rican immigration settlements on the mainland. Its goal is the truthful proclamation of the Gospel to the…

  13. Natural theology and modern science: an exposition on emerging ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The existence of God has been a subject of much debate in the history of Philosophy and for the problem to still be generating papers in the contemporary circle reveals that the problem is far from being solved. This paper examines Natural Theology which is the attempt to provide rational proofs for God‟s existence without ...

  14. Research in theology in the digital age: Opportunities and limitations ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Digital text repositories in the field of theology and history, including the works of John Calvin (1509-1564), are promising tools assisting scholars with comprehensive search capabilities, collaborative projects, annotations, and editing options. This paper discusses a case study of the opportunities and limitations of online ...

  15. Practical theology '[ re ]entering vernacular culture?' New frontiers ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article critically discusses the necessity for (practical) theology to transform. Taking as a point of departure church historian Andrew Walls' remark: 'Christian faith must go on being translated, must continuously enter into the vernacular culture and interact with it, or it withers and fades', examples from ministry are ...

  16. Stigma as 'othering' among Christian theology students in South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Breda, Adrian D

    2012-11-01

    HIV is a health and developmental crisis that has profoundly challenged the Christian church in sub-Saharan Africa. Responding to stigma and prejudice against HIV and people living with HIV and AIDS has been a major concern of theologians and Christian leaders. However, Christians themselves and the church as a community are equally prone to stigma and prejudice. The author contends that this stigma is grounded in the dynamic of 'othering', which, among Christians, takes on religious or theological overtones. Drawing on qualitative data from theology students in South Africa, the paper assembles a model of AIDS stigma as othering. The central story or axis of the model is the dynamic of othering, comprising three themes, viz. lack of empathic contact, disconnection, and distancing. There are three main dynamics that appear to contribute to or feed into othering, viz. emotions related to sexuality and HIV, theology of health and judgement, and contextualised knowledge of HIV. Finally, the model presents two primary results of othering, viz. disengagement from HIV through passivity and hopelessness, and prejudice against those living with HIV. The paper endeavours to reveal the possible biblical roots of AIDS stigma. Through this, the deep violence embedded in such stigma is exposed and contrasted with a theology of inclusiveness and engagement.

  17. Confessional Theology and Contestation in a Secular University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malcolm, Matthew R.; O'Donoghue, Tom

    2016-01-01

    Issues arising from relationships between academic departments in universities and external stakeholders are numerous and complex. The matter is illustrated in this paper by focusing on a dispute in the theology department at the University of Pretoria, South Africa, which came to a head from 2004 to 2007. The dispute itself is detailed and…

  18. From Liberation to Salvation: Revolutionary Critical Pedagogy Meets Liberation Theology

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLaren, Peter; Jandric, Petar

    2017-01-01

    This conversation between Peter McLaren and Petar Jandric brings about some of the most recent and deepest of McLaren's insights into the relationship between revolutionary critical pedagogy and liberation theology, and outlines the main directions of development of McLaren's thought during and after "Pedagogy of Insurrection." In the…

  19. Is it possible to do theology without philosophical presuppositions ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Particularly in connection with the doctrine of God the unavoidability of philosophical presuppositions becomes apparent. The uncritical theological practice to speak about a concept of God is in need of the epistemological distinction between concept and idea, which is philosophical in nature. If this foundational distinction ...

  20. From theology to mystagogy. The interiorisation of the Protestant ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This essay presents as paradigm the reflection of Dag Hammarskjöld on the history of his belief. It investigates how his initial expression of theological concepts gradually became a mystagogical process, interiorising the religious traditions in which he has grown up.

  1. Walter Schmithals: His contribution to the theological and historical ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article describes how Schmithals combines historical criticism with the core tenets of Protestant theology. The following facets were emphasised: Gnosticism, gospel studies and Q, Paul, early Christianity, emperor cult, separation from the synagogue, historical Jesus, apocalypticism, historical Jesus, the relationship ...

  2. The unrealised ethical potential of the Methodist theology of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2015-10-14

    Oct 14, 2015 ... The contemporary Methodist theologian Thomas Oden has developed aspects of this tradition in dialogue with ... other theories Kenneth Collins argues that it has an affinity with Thomas Aquinas's theological and ... least weekly – participation in Holy Communion and, despite Outler's comments, for infant ...

  3. Practical theology and the partners of dementia patients

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-05-31

    May 31, 2016 ... I found that these women made their own 'survival' theology during their long life .... meaning to what is said and also lacks the possibility to store it in his or ..... reflecting upon God; and we learn the truth of God by reflection ...

  4. Practical theology and the partners of dementia patients

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-05-31

    May 31, 2016 ... There is a great amount of literature about (the person with) dementia from a medical and a psychological point of view. John Swinton is perhaps the best known author whose books are written from a (practical) theological perspective. Most of the authors in this field focus on care in institutions, that means ...

  5. A Hundred Years of Theological Training in the Apostolic Faith ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    All who were saved were expected (and trained) to witness; no theological training was required for the different levels of ministry, not even for preachers. There was a hierarchy starting with church members being witnesses, but with the opportunity to develop into a deacon, elder, local preacher, and finally an overseer.

  6. The canon as text for a biblical theology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James A. Loader

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available The novelty of the canonical approach is questioned and its fascination at least partly traced to the Reformation, as well as to the post-Reformation’s need for a clear and authoritative canon to perform the function previously performed by the church. This does not minimise the elusiveness and deeply contradictory positions both within the canon and triggered by it. On the one hand, the canon itself is a centripetal phenomenon and does play an important role in exegesis and theology. Even so, on the other hand, it not only contains many difficulties, but also causes various additional problems of a formal as well as a theological nature. The question is mooted whether the canonical approach alleviates or aggravates the dilemma. Since this approach has become a major factor in Christian theology, aspects of the Christian canon are used to gauge whether “canon” is an appropriate category for eliminating difficulties that arise by virtue of its own existence. Problematic uses and appropriations of several Old Testament canons are advanced, as well as evidence in the New Testament of a consciousness that the “old” has been surpassed(“Überbietungsbewußtsein”. It is maintained that at least the Childs version of the canonical approach fails to smooth out these and similar difficulties. As a method it can cater for the New Testament’s (superior role as the hermeneutical standard for evaluating the Old, but flounders on its inability to create the theological unity it claims can solve religious problems exposed by Old Testament historical criticism. It is concluded that canon as a category cannot be dispensed with, but is useful for the opposite of the purpose to which it is conventionally put: far from bringing about theological “unity” or producing a standard for “correct” exegesis, it requires different readings of different canons.

  7. Elements of the universe in Philo’s De Vita Mosis: Cosmological theology or theological cosmology?

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    Gert J. Steyn

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available It is the intention of this article to investigate how Philo’s understanding of the universe, and particularly its four basic elements as taught by the Greek philosophers, influenced his description of the God of Israel’s world in which the Moses narrative unfolds. Given the fact that Philo was a theologian par excellence, the question can be asked whether Philo’s approach is closer to what one might call ‘theological cosmology’ or rather closer to ‘cosmological theology’? After a brief survey of Philo’s inclination to interpret Jewish history in the light of Greek cosmology, the study proceeds with his universe as symbolised in the high priest’s vestments. The τετρακτύς with its 10 points of harmony is a key to Philo’s symbolism and numerology. The article concludes that Philo is not writing cosmology per se in his De Vita Mosis, but he is rather writing a theology that sketches the cosmic superiority and involvement of Israel’s God against the backdrop of Greek cosmology as it was influenced by Pythagoras’ geometry and numerology as well as by Plato’s philosophy. In this sense his account in the De Vita Mosis is closer to a cosmological theology. He utilises the cosmological picture of the Greco-Hellenistic world in order to introduce and present the powerful nature and qualities of Israel’s God.Hierdie artikel het ten doel om ondersoek in te stel na Philo se begrip van die heelal en veral die vier basiese elemente soos dit deur die Griekse filosowe geleer is. Dit het verder ten doel om vas te stel tot watter mate hierdie denke sy beskrywing van die God van Israel se wêreld, waarbinne die Moses-vertelling ontvou, beïnvloed het. Gegewe die feit dat Philo ’n teoloog par excellence is, kan die vraag gevra word of Philo se benadering nader is aan wat ’n mens ’n ‘teologiese kosmologie’ kan noem, of eerder nader aan ’n ‘kosmologiese teologie’ is? Na ’n kort oorsig oor Philo se neiging om die

  8. Elements of the universe in Philo’s De Vita Mosis: Cosmological theology or theological cosmology?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gert J. Steyn

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available It is the intention of this article to investigate how Philo’s understanding of the universe, and particularly its four basic elements as taught by the Greek philosophers, influenced his description of the God of Israel’s world in which the Moses narrative unfolds. Given the fact that Philo was a theologian par excellence, the question can be asked whether Philo’s approach is closer to what one might call ‘theological cosmology’ or rather closer to ‘cosmological theology’? After a brief survey of Philo’s inclination to interpret Jewish history in the light of Greek cosmology, the study proceeds with his universe as symbolised in the high priest’s vestments. The τετρακτύς with its 10 points of harmony is a key to Philo’s symbolism and numerology. The article concludes that Philo is not writing cosmology per se in his De Vita Mosis, but he is rather writing a theology that sketches the cosmic superiority and involvement of Israel’s God against the backdrop of Greek cosmology as it was influenced by Pythagoras’ geometry and numerology as well as by Plato’s philosophy. In this sense his account in the De Vita Mosis is closer to a cosmological theology. He utilises the cosmological picture of the Greco-Hellenistic world in order to introduce and present the powerful nature and qualities of Israel’s God. Hierdie artikel het ten doel om ondersoek in te stel na Philo se begrip van die heelal en veral die vier basiese elemente soos dit deur die Griekse filosowe geleer is. Dit het verder ten doel om vas te stel tot watter mate hierdie denke sy beskrywing van die God van Israel se wêreld, waarbinne die Moses-vertelling ontvou, beïnvloed het. Gegewe die feit dat Philo ’n teoloog par excellence is, kan die vraag gevra word of Philo se benadering nader is aan wat ’n mens ’n ‘teologiese kosmologie’ kan noem, of eerder nader aan ’n ‘kosmologiese teologie’ is? Na ’n kort oorsig oor Philo se neiging om die

  9. The Theology of CReaTion in ViTo ManCuSo'S RadiCal Theology

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    evolution because, while science fosters data and information to be analyzed scientifically, theology (as well as .... common philosophical denominator which, at least in his mind, is the idea as well as the reality of suffering .... reality but rather a spiritual state of mind; the god of creation is not the tradi- tional being who lives ...

  10. The Primacy of Shiite Theology over that of the Mutazilites

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    Habib Karkon Beiragh

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Shiites' historically tumultuous life has always been exposed to numerous charges. One of these charges is the claim that the Shiites have received their creed from the Mutazilites. Despite the antiquity of the charge and the fact that Shia scholars have tried to answer it, the charge is still in force. The present study seeks to review the historical roots of such allegations and tries to investigate their causes by referring to some old and modern sources. It also attempts to reply the charges by indicating the distinctions between the Shiite and Mutazilite theological systems and as a result the primacy of Shiite theology over the Mutazilite will be proved. To reject the claim saying the Shiites have obtained their creeds from the Mutazilites, we have mentioned numerous proofs, the titles of which are as follow: A The refutations offered by the Shiites against the Mutazilites B The rebukes of the Mutazilites by Shiite Imams and scholars C The debates of Shiite Imams and scholars with the Mutazilites D The conversion of some Mutazilites to the Shiism E Shiism has been charged with "Rafḍ" by the Mutzilites. F  The difference between Shiite and Mutazilite political position. G The Shiite belief in infallible Imam, despite the Mutzilites.  H The fundamental differences of Shiite and Mu'tazilite beliefs. In this research, to answer the question: "why the Shiites are called Mutazilite by some?" four different reasons have been offered which are as follow: A Shiite and Mutazilite common views in some principles such as the idea of freewill, and rational good and evil. B Studentship of Zaid bin Ali with Vasil bin 'Ata C The Mutazilites calling themselves as the Shiite D The practice of Taqiyyeh by some Shiite scholars Based on what was mentioned above, the differentiation of Shiite and Mutazilite theologies are proved. To prove the primacy of Shiite theology over that of Mutazilite, it is sufficient to refer to some of the remarks of Imam Ali (A

  11. The Primacy of Shiite Theology over that of the Mutazilites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Habib Karkon Beiragh

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Shiites' historically tumultuous life has always been exposed to numerous charges. One of these charges is the claim that the Shiites have received their creed from the Mutazilites. Despite the antiquity of the charge and the fact that Shia scholars have tried to answer it, the charge is still in force. The present study seeks to review the historical roots of such allegations and tries to investigate their causes by referring to some old and modern sources. It also attempts to reply the charges by indicating the distinctions between the Shiite and Mutazilite theological systems and as a result the primacy of Shiite theology over the Mutazilite will be proved. To reject the claim saying the Shiites have obtained their creeds from the Mutazilites, we have mentioned numerous proofs, the titles of which are as follow: A The refutations offered by the Shiites against the Mutazilites B The rebukes of the Mutazilites by Shiite Imams and scholars C The debates of Shiite Imams and scholars with the Mutazilites D The conversion of some Mutazilites to the Shiism E Shiism has been charged with "Rafḍ" by the Mutzilites. F  The difference between Shiite and Mutazilite political position. G The Shiite belief in infallible Imam, despite the Mutzilites.  H The fundamental differences of Shiite and Mu'tazilite beliefs. In this research, to answer the question: "why the Shiites are called Mutazilite by some?" four different reasons have been offered which are as follow: A Shiite and Mutazilite common views in some principles such as the idea of freewill, and rational good and evil. B Studentship of Zaid bin Ali with Vasil bin 'Ata C The Mutazilites calling themselves as the Shiite D The practice of Taqiyyeh by some Shiite scholars Based on what was mentioned above, the differentiation of Shiite and Mutazilite theologies are proved. To prove the primacy of Shiite theology over that of Mutazilite, it is sufficient to refer to some of the remarks of Imam Ali

  12. HTS Theological Studies and Verbum et Ecclesia – the journals of the Faculty of Theology at the University of Pretoria: Historical overview and strategic planning

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    Dirk Human

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This article celebrates the centenary of the University of Pretoria (UP in 2008. The editors of Verbum et Ecclesia and HTS Theological Studies, the two theological journals associated with the Faculty of Theology at UP, reflect on the journals’ historical roots, editorial focuses, distinctive features, subscription and language statistics and on their’ contribution to support the academic study of theology and related disciplines. The Faculty of Theology was founded in 1917 and celebrated its ninetieth birthday in 2007. The origin of its journals dates back to 1943. This article discusses the challenges that academic journals face in South Africa and undertakes strategic planning for the future. A concluding addendum, consisting of statistical diagrams with regard to the journals’ profile during the last five years, illustrates the argument.

  13. Theological Discourse in Bioethics: General and Confessional Differencies

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    Basia Nikiforova

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available This essay is devoted to the problem of theological discourse in bioethics. We focus both on general positions shared across major existing religions and substantial confessional differences among them. Among the major categories determining relationship between bioethics and religion we studied the following: “image of God” (imago Dei, casuistry, primacy of procreation, “playing God”, artificial procreation and others. After analyzing Christian, Jewish and Islamic positions on the theological interpretation of the reproductive technologies and human cloning, we came to a conclusion that differences in views depend rather on orthodox, conservative, traditional or liberal viewpoint within a given church than on differences between particular religions. Despite substantial faith-related differences, occasionally, views on reproductive technologies and other problems of bioethics seem closer between liberal Protestants and liberal Judaists than between orthodox and reformist Judaists. 

  14. Calvin’s election mix in small-scale theology

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    James A. Loader

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper shows how Calvin’s ideas about the Old Testament concept of Israel’s election can be dangerous when they are applied uncritically. The main illustration material is drawn from a context the author was himself part of, notably the South African apartheid theology of Calvinist provenance. The paper begins with documenting Calvin’s views on Israel and Israel’s election in the Old Testament, moving to a consideration of how this motif was connected to the idea of predestination and construed to become an instrument to defend apartheid in what may be called a substandard theology. It is suggested that a glance at the English-speaking world shows surprising similarities that justify further consideration. In this title several dimensions are present that need to be explicated.

  15. Ministerial formation of theological students through distance education

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    Marilyn Naidoo

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Ministerial formation is a multifaceted activity involving critical thinking, the acquisition of knowledge, skills development, religious identity formation and the development of ministerial and spiritual maturity expected of church ministers. Education is not merely the accumulation of a prescribed set of academic credits but includes the holistic formation of all aspects of the individual. However, theological educators are concerned about the capacity to foster such values and skills in the distance and electronic environment. Some see distance education as ‘distancing’ the students in more significant ways than simply geographic distance. These issues are of fundamental importance for they reflect the deeper convictions of theologians that distance education may not be a suitable medium for ministerial formation. This article creates a conceptual map of the theological and pedagogical challenges for ministerial formation and highlights how the possibility of formation is being carried out in the distance-learning environment.

  16. Medical ethics in the developing world: a liberation theology perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anjos, M F

    1996-12-01

    Standard medical ethical analyses typically focus on the physician/patient relationship, patient autonomy, and the clinical encounter. For Liberation Theology this amounts to neglecting the larger context of social injustice. Medicine is a social institution. Any medical ethics which purports to provide an ethics of medicine and medical practice must necessarily address the larger social issues of class structure, poverty and access to adequate health care. Liberation Theology provides a very specific perspective that draws on the needs of the poverty stricken, assesses the relationship among social classes, and focuses on societal conditions. Given such an analysis, medical ethics is reconfigured as concerned not only with clinical encounters but also with background cultural conditions and social justice.

  17. Sounding salvation: Theological perspectives on music as articulation of life

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    Johan Cilliers

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes some theological perspectives on the phenomenon of sound (i.e. music, linking it to the gospel of salvation (i.e. well-being. Possible links between sound and music; sound and life; sound and silence; and sound and salvation are indicated. Some differences between the Western and African understandings of sound, music and life are highlighted; followed by suggestions concerning the connections between salvation, well-being, and the healing of life. A theological understanding of music as an expression of transcendence and anticipation is given, profiling it as a distinct form of hope. The paper concludes by comparing two iconic paintings that depict sound: The Scream by Edvard Munch and The Tortured Christ by Guido Rocha.

  18. Continuing theological training at the University of Pretoria

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    Malan Nel

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Around the world, most professional people are requested and expected to participate in continuing training, which is often referred to as �continuing professional development�. Many denominations expect their pastors and other clergy to participate in such training. The Dutch Reformed Church has an official policy, in terms of which it expects such continuing theological training and ministry development of its ordained pastors. The introduction to this article offers some insight into the rationale behind such an expectation. After describing the history and programme of one of the first centres that offers such training, the history and programme of the ecumenical Centre for Contextual Ministry, Faculty of Theology at the University of Pretoria is described.�

  19. Human dignity and the profoundly disabled: a theological perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matthews, Pia

    2011-01-01

    One challenge to the concept of human dignity is that it is a rootless notion invoked simply to mask inequalities that inevitably exist between human beings. This privileging of humans is speciesist and its weak point is the profoundly disabled human being. This article argues that far from being a weak point, the profoundly disabled person is a source of strength and witness to the intrinsic dignity that all human beings have by virtue of being human. The disabled represent the reality of human existence that is both strong and fragile. Although human dignity can be understood philosophically its depth is rooted in Christian theological insights. The profoundly disabled occupy a privileged position and share in a theology of mission since they testify to the interdependence of every human being and human dependence on God to a myopic world that only values strength, autonomy and independence.

  20. Between the Scylla and the Charybdis: Theological education in the 21st century in Africa

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    Johan Buitendag

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The article reflects on the challenges of theological education in the 21st century and in Africa. Reputation, impact, success and funding have become the driving forces of the modern university. However, we are living in the 21st century and in Africa with a subsequent frame of reference that is holistic and faith-based. The article therefore argues for a multi- and transdisciplinary approach towards the nature of a university and recognition of the unique contribution theological education can contribute. Due to the inherently cooperative nature of theological scholarship, theological education could be able to avoid the extremes of the Scylla and the Charybdis, that is, fideism and secularisation, and therefore be able to survive at an academic institution. Both sectarianism and scientism should be avoided. Theological education in Africa needed to travel the same difficult road of theological faculties in Europe in the previous century.

  1. Comparative Theology and Religious Studies in a Non-religious Environment

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    Jacques Scheuer

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The intellectual landscape of Europe bears the marks of a long history of cultural perceptions of, and scientific approaches to, religions. The sciences of religions had to establish their autonomy from churches and theologies. However, the cultural context and the institutional set-up of ‘laïcité’ did not foster the development of comparative religion, much less comparative theology. However, this situation may have an advantage: it should discourage the exercise of comparative theology as a sectarian endeavour apart from broader anthropological perspectives and concerns. Comparative theology should not become the last refuge for religious nostalgia. In Europe, interreligious relationships (and hence comparative theologies should not be isolated from simple or more sophisticated forms of indifference, agnosticism, or atheism. The active presence of a non-religious environment as well as the growing interest in Buddhism, are challenges to comparative theology: its contents, its approach, its intended audience.

  2. Between the Scylla and the Charybdis: Theological education in the 21st century in Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johan Buitendag

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The article reflects on the challenges of theological education in the 21st century and in Africa. Reputation, impact, success and funding have become the driving forces of the modern university. However, we are living in the 21st century and in Africa with a subsequent frame of reference that is holistic and faith-based. The article therefore argues for a multi- and transdisciplinary approach towards the nature of a university and recognition of the unique contribution theological education can contribute. Due to the inherently cooperative nature of theological scholarship, theological education could be able to avoid the extremes of the Scylla and the Charybdis, that is, fideism and secularisation, and therefore be able to survive at an academic institution. Both sectarianism and scientism should be avoided. Theological education in Africa needed to travel the same difficult road of theological faculties in Europe in the previous century.

  3. Unseemly acts of canonized monarchs: an experience of theological analysis

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    Nikolsky Evgeny Vladimirovich

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The article discuses an "unpopular" aspect of hagiology-crimes and other nefarious acts of canonized monarchs. The analysis solves a theological dilemma: how can atrocities unite with Holiness. It is noted that if real or alleged crimes are attributed to the monarch who completed his life in martyrdom, the question of his canonization automatically disappears because the martyrdom cleans all the sins. Examples of such case are Saint Michael of Chernigov, Andrei Bogolyubsky, Nicholas II.

  4. Euthanasia in South Africa: Philosophical and theological considerations

    OpenAIRE

    Mojalefa L.J. Koenane

    2017-01-01

    Debates on euthanasia (or �mercy killing�) have been a concern in moral, philosophical, legal, theological, cultural and sociological discourse for centuries. The topic of euthanasia inspires a variety of strong views of which the �slippery slope� argument is one. The latter warns that the principle(s) underlying any ethical issue (including euthanasia) may be distorted. Scholars� views on euthanasia are influenced mainly by cultural, personal, political and religious convictions. In South Af...

  5. The Relevance of Reformed Scholasticism for Contemporary Systematic Theology

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    te Velde Dolf

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This article examines how Reformed scholasticism can be relevant for systematic theology today. ‘Reformed Scholasticism’ denotes the academic practice in which the doctrines of the Reformation are expounded, explained, and defended. It is primarily a method and attitude in search of the truth, based on a careful reading of Scripture, drawing on patristic and medieval traditions, and interacting with philosophy and other academic disciplines. In addition to these methodological features, important contributions on various doctrinal topics can be discovered. The doctrine of God has a foundational role in the sense that God is the primary subject of the other topics (creation, salvation, etc.. Reformed scholastic theology not only examines God’s inner essence, but also the concrete relation and operation of God toward his world. In a Trinitarian understanding of God’s essence, a distinction is maintained between God’s immanent relatedness as three divine Persons, and his outward relation to created reality. The doctrines of creation and providence gave occasion for Reformed scholastics to engage in debates with the emerging natural sciences, and also articulated important theological insights concerning the involvement of God in creaturely affairs. In Christology, the Reformed orthodox maintained the classic doctrine of the two natures of Jesus Christ, against Socinians and other opponents. These ontological statements are the necessary conditions for a proper understanding of the salvation by Christ. While the doctrinal positions of Reformed scholastic theology cannot be automatically transmitted to contemporary discussions, we can profit from this tradition on several levels of method and content.

  6. Implications for the Discovery of Extraterrestrial Life: A Theological Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Losch, Andreas; Krebs, Andreas Otto

    2015-01-01

    Recent remarks of Pope Francis spark anew an important discussion: are we alone in the Universe? The article follows traces of the idea of extraterrestrial life throughout philosophy, evaluates the current considerations about the probability of extraterrestrial life and discusses the potential implications for the discovery of such life from a theological point of view. This “thought experiment” covers basic insights on creation, revelation and redemption.

  7. From the Ground Up: Starting a Theological Library from Scratch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerald Truman

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available There is no “How To” manual for starting an academic library. This essay is one experience in the effort to take a room of books and make the journey to an accredited resource center for a theological graduate school. The collaborative expertise of colleagues, the wisdom and direction garnered from professional meetings, and the wary wiles of technological information resources serves to chronicle this rocky and rewarding road to accomplishment

  8. Theological Consequences of the Potential Discovery of Extraterrestrial Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Funes José, G.

    2012-05-01

    I will review some ideas about extraterrestrial life in the history of the philosophical and religious thought. I will present some of the challenges that the potential discovery of extraterrestrial life would present to Christian theology. If we were to discover that we are not the only ones to inhabit the universe? Can a Christian admit the existence of other lives and other worlds, perhaps more advanced than ours, without calling into question our faith in the Creation, the Incarnation and Redemption?

  9. Quantitative Convergence of Concepts in Physical Cosmology and Theology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Persinger, Michael A.; Burke, Ryan C.; Carniello, Trevor N.

    2012-09-01

    Physical cosmology and theology both explore the maximum boundary conditions of space and time. The possibility of consciousness and information involving the largest and smallest spaces and times within the universe is supported quantitatively by the physical properties of matter and the organization of the human brain. There are important roles for both approaches as required contrasts to discern the neurocognitive and quantitative equivalents that could facilitate discovery.

  10. The theological-Christian dimension of the human person

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    Renato Alves de Oliveira

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this article is to demonstrate that the human person is an ontological greatness that has a divine foundation. The essence of the person is built in the being of God. The concept of the origin of person took place in theological-Christian ground, in the context of the Christological and Trinitarian discussions in the fourth century. In the West, its historical trajectory has a philosophical-theological bias, wavering between substantialism unrelated to rationalism without substantiality. The theological dimension of the person is in its image condition of God and creature called into existence by God, according to Jewish and Christian tradition. Like creature receiving his existence as a gift, the person is oriented toward God. Between God and the person there is an interpersonal relationship, one “tu-a-tu”. Because of their transcendent foundation, the person has an onto-axiological primacy over other creatures. The person holds an absolute value and cannot be manipulated by the state, the market and nor religion. This person is an indefinable and a mystery magnitude, just as God its Creator. The person is a reflection of the mystery of God. All love, respect and veneration rendered to God must also be devoted to his image, the human person.

  11. On the Priority of Tradition: An Exercise in Analytic Theology

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    Nemes Steven

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This essay discusses the nature and relative priority of the sources for analytic theology with an eye to the manner in which the analytic theologian ought to orient herself to them. Of Tradition, Scripture, and (analytic philosophy, the Tradition of the Church has ultimate priority as analytic-theological source insofar as it infallibly mediates the genuine, divinely revealed content of Scripture and justifies the utilization of analytic philosophy for theological purposes. The argument proposes a fundamental gap between the biblical text, which can be held in the hands and read, and Scripture, which is the revealed content communicated by the former and grasped by the intellect of the reader. Because of this gap, it is possible to be quite familiar with the biblical text and yet remain ignorant of Scripture, of the revealed truth of God. The Tradition of the Church functions as the bridge by which this “grand canyon” becomes crossable by offering normative interpretations of the biblical text. Consequently, the analytic theologian ought to be a committed adherent of this Tradition above all, making it the measure of all other things. This same Tradition also provides the theoretical justification for the appeal to (analytic philosophy in the performance of the analytic theologian’s task through its teaching about the fundamental openness of the world to God, i.e. the world’s capacity to serve as medium for the divine-human dialog.

  12. The Structure of Communication as a Challenge for Theology

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    Paul A Soukup

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Even more than any content of communication, its structures influence theology by forming the framework for thinking about and sharing reflections on religious experience. This essay examines three characteristic, but often overlooked, communication structures: oral vs. written and printed communication and the contemporary move to "secondary oral" styles; communication technology's sense of place; and the uses of visual space as guides to the interpretation of experience. Since each of these structures shapes theology, a more conscious awareness of them challenges theology to take the role of communication more seriously.Aun más que cualquier contenido de la comunicación, sus estructuras influyen en la teología puesto que proporcionan el marco para el pensamiento y la reflexión de la experiencia religiosa. Este ensayo examina tres estructuras características de la comunicacion, que son a menudo pasadas por alto: la comunicación oral v/s la escrita e impresa y la tendencia contemporánea hacia los estilos "orales secundarios"; el sentido del lugar en la comunicación tecnológica; y los usos de espacio visual como guías de la interpretación de la experiencia. Puesto que cada una de estas estructuras moldean la teología, esta debiera asumir el desafío de tomar mayor conciencia de ellas y asumir el rol de la comunicación más seriamente.

  13. Sociology, Protestant Theology, and the Concept of Modern Religion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jung, Dietrich

    2015-01-01

    This article looks at the intersection between Protestant theology and sociology in the construction of the modern concept of religion. Set against the theoretical background of the functional differentiation of modern society, it identifies the origin of this concept in the discursive 'scientifi......This article looks at the intersection between Protestant theology and sociology in the construction of the modern concept of religion. Set against the theoretical background of the functional differentiation of modern society, it identifies the origin of this concept in the discursive...... 'scientification' of religion by the emerging disciplines of the humanities and social sciences. In taking the life and work of William Robertson Smith (1846-94) as an example, the article analyzes the transformation of some specific elements of liberal Protestant theology into a set of universal features...... that came to represent religion as a modern concept. In this way, it argues against confusing the modern concept of religion with a 'Christian model' as such, and also against rejecting the concept as a mere ideological tool of secularist ideologies....

  14. The transition from philosophy to theology in the reflection on history in Wolfhart Pannenberg

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    Carlos Alberto Blanco

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to examine the conceptual nature of the transition from philosophy into theology in the consideration of the unity and meaning of history in the thought of Wolfhart Pannenberg. We want to elucidate whether Pannenberg’s movement from a philosophical into a theological perspective in his treatment of history responds to a necessity of philosophy itself or if it could be regarded as a «debt» to his theological presuppositions

  15. From Civil to Political Economy: Adam Smith’s Theological Debt

    OpenAIRE

    Pabst, Adrian

    2011-01-01

    The present essay contends that progressive readings of Smith ignore the influence of theological concepts and religious ideas on his work, notably three distinct strands: first, seventeenth- and eighteenth-century natural theology; second, Jansenist Augustinianism; third, Stoic arguments of theodicy. Taken together, these theological elements help explain why Smith’s moral philosophy and political economy intensifies the secular early modern and Enlightenment idea that the Fall brought about...

  16. HISTORICISM AND HISTORICAL AND CRITICAL METHOD IN WOLFHART PANNENBERG’S THEOLOGY

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    Andrey Lavrentyev

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Researched is the problem of awareness of historicism for the christian theology, presented in the works of a german theologian Wolfhart Pannenberg. Discussed are the issue of application of the methods of historical science in theology, the problem of historical anthropocentrism, coexistence «natural» and «supernatural» events in history, teleology and contingency of history. It is come to conclusion of special significance of historical knowledge for Christian theology

  17. Theology as an Ethnographic Object: An Anthropology of Eastern Christian Rupture

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    Timothy Carroll

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper draws upon over three years’ research among Eastern Orthodox (principally Antiochian and Greek communities in London and Mount Athos, Greece. This research came to engage theology quite heavily as part of the ethnographic facts of the fieldsites. This paper reviews some of the existing ways that theology (as both discipline and practice relate to ethnographic enquiry, particularly as it has arisen in the dialogue with the Anthropology of Christianity and frames this in light of the historical development of Anthropology and its relationship to theology and Christianity. The paper then advances a methodological argument, in favour of further means of relation, specifically in terms of theology as a cultural artefact. Drawing on local practices of liturgical theology and Eastern Orthodox forms of allegorical interpretation, I argue for the inclusion of theological insight and practice within the social scientific study of religion. Working in an Orthodox setting requires the investigation of liturgical theology and brings to light important aspects of the relationship between temporal and sempiternal domains of action. Particularly as it relates to liturgical theology and the practices of interpretation, ethnographic enquiry into Orthodox theology asks for a reconsideration of social scientific methods of analysis and representation.

  18. Effective Youth Ministry: Theology-driven in a Cultural Context

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    Philippa Strong

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Recently Youth Ministry finds itself mostly in a crisis as it is wrongly presented. In a nutshell the crisis can be described as falling short of leading young people to become mature Christian adults. Research shows that there are a variety of contributing factors to this crisis. This article focuses on two of these contributing factors. Firstly, Youth Ministry today is skill and socially driven, rather than theology or spiritually driven. The discussion commences by indicating the importance of establishing theology as the foundation of Youth Ministry. A Christ-centric theological framework as foundation for effective Youth Ministry is proposed. The article emphasises the meaning and essence of theology, with the Sola Scriptura approach being followed throughout. The second contributing factor discussed is the issue that cultural relevance is wrongly being made the heartbeat and foundation of Youth Ministry instead of theology. The article gives culture its rightful and relevant place in Youth Ministry, without it overshadowing the foundation of effective Youth Ministry, namely theology. Postmodernism and subculture also receive attention and in the conclusion the emphasis falls on a call to return to a Youth Ministry that is theology driven in a cultural context.Effektiewe Jeugbediening: Teologies-gedrewe in ’n Kulturele Konteks. Tans verkeer Jeugbediening grootliks in ’n krisis, aangesien dit verkeerd aangebied word. Kortliks behels hierdie krisis dat Jeugbediening daarin te kort skiet om jongmense tot volwasse Christenskap te lei. Navorsing toon verskeie faktore wat tot hierdie krisis bydra. Die artikel fokus op twee van hierdie bydraende faktore. Eerstens val die soeklig op die feit dat Jeugbediening tans metode- en sosiaal-gedrewe eerder as teologies- of spiritueel-gedrewe is. Die bespreking toon die belangrikheid daarvan om teologie en die behoefte daaraan as fondament in Jeugbediening te vestig. Die aanbeveling

  19. Teaching Theology Students Who Don't Know Aristotle from Aquinas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMurtrie, Beth

    2000-01-01

    Discusses the increasing numbers of graduate theology students, both part-time and full-time, who have little knowledge of the Bible, theological concepts, and church history. Suggests this is due to the decline of liberal arts education, the marginalization of religious instruction, and a radical change in the type of students who may be new…

  20. Polarity: The theology of anti-Judaism in Ephrem the Syrian's hymns ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In this paper, the polarity Jews Christians in the hymns on ... theological tradition which sought to set opoi, boundaries, by way of theological definitions .... in the wedding of the 'peoples' with Christ (De Resurrectione III 4 and 5, De. Azymis II ...

  1. The Compatibility of Feminist Theology and Gestalt Therapy: A Study of "Practical-Values."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinksman, Barrie

    2001-01-01

    An on-going theoretical issue for pastoral counseling concerns the integration of psychological and theological concepts. The possibility of exploring the compatibility of Gestalt psychotherapy and feminist theology is considered with reference to the 'practical-values' of each, and it is proposed that there is significant common ground between…

  2. a critical evaluation of the understanding of god in js mbiti's theology

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    deeply rooted within “the point of African religiosity” (Mbiti 1970b:430), and the African should be free to express the ..... people keep living together with the ancestors, remembering their names and making the appropriate ... does not mean that the two religions have the same theological foundation or the same theological ...

  3. Practical Theology as part of the landscape of Social Sciences and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2013-03-07

    Mar 7, 2013 ... to the conclusion that it probably made more sense to talk of Practical-theological alternatives rather than to describe ... goal should rather be to open up the boundaries between Practical Theology, Human, Social and Natural .... of Christianity for making sense of life and for successfully coping with life can ...

  4. Theological Discussion and Institutional Change at a Church-Related Institution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daughety, R. Morgan

    2012-01-01

    This study explores the relationship between theological discussion and organizational change within a church-related institution. The qualitative case study examines the dialogue on a campus that received a Lilly Endowment grant through their Program for the Theological Exploration of Vocation to engage its campus community in the theological…

  5. Stop harassing the Gentiles : The Importance of Acts 15 for African Theology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wagenaar, Hinne

    2002-01-01

    This is the first chapter of the booklet with the same title. In African Theology the book of 'the Acts of the Apostles', and specifically chapter 15, appears to be of central importance. This article tries to analyse the importance of Acts 15 for African Theology. It was later also published in the

  6. Why Theology Can and Should Be Taught at Secular Universities: Lonergan on Intellectual Conversion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giddy, Patrick

    2011-01-01

    Drawing on Bernard Lonergan's "Method in Theology" (1972) I argue that theology can be taught because personal knowledge, of which it is an instance, is at the heart of academic inquiry; and it should be taught because critical engagement with basic ways of taking one's life as a whole (religion in a broad sense) furnishes a critique of the…

  7. Method, MacIntyre, and Pedagogy: Inviting Students to Participate in Theology as a Living Conversation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crane, Richard D.

    2016-01-01

    Teaching theology within academic institutions with confessional commitments and theologically conservative students requires holding together, in creative tension, two pedagogical goals. The challenge is to promote rigorous academic inquiry by encouraging student openness to engagement with perspectives that challenge their own beliefs while…

  8. Deepening College Students' Engagement with Religion and Theology through Community Service Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seider, Scott

    2011-01-01

    The Serve Program at Ignatius University combines academic study of theology with a year-long community service project focused on combating poverty. An analysis of the Serve Program during the 2008-09 academic year revealed that participating students demonstrated a significant increase in their interest in theology; a greater desire to enroll in…

  9. What's turning the wheel? The theological hub of Song of Songs ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Different interpretations are evaluated for their contribution towards a better under-standing of the theology of Song of Songs. Chapter 4:16-5:1 is presented as the structural centre of Song of Songs. Linear, cyclic and concentric structures point to the centrality of this passage. It has a key-function for the theology of the book ...

  10. Some Theological Reservations Surrounding One Contemporary Christian Approach to Teaching and Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whittle, Sean

    2014-01-01

    This article raises a number of theological reservations about one contemporary Christian approach to teaching and learning. For many years David Smith and Trevor Cooling have played a leading role in demonstrating how Christian beliefs and theological themes might be integrated into classroom practice across the curriculum. But despite the good…

  11. Service Learning and the Core Curriculum: Two Models for Doing Theology as Service Learning in the Core

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMahon, Christopher

    2014-01-01

    In principle, theology ought to play a decisive role in the mission and identity of Catholic colleges and universities, but theology's role often comes under fire from students and other constituencies who consider theology an uncritical intrusion into the curriculum or a holdover from a bygone era. This essay reflects on the role of theology…

  12. JEAN DANIÉLOU (1905–1974: CARDINAL, SCHOLAR, THEOLOGI AND EDICATED TO THE 35TH ANNIVERSARY OF HIS DEATH

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    P. MIKHAYLOV

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Author overviews life and activities of well-known Catholic theologian of the XXthcentury — Jean Daniélou, and also analyses his main works in patristics, early Christian theology, theology of Christian mission etc. This article may be useful to everyone who is interested in the destinies of Christian theology nowaday

  13. Technology. Theosophy. Theology: The Religious Character of UFO Movements

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    Danijel Sinani

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper considers the most important factors that have played a role in the emergence and development of UFO religiosity and UFO alternative religious movements, from occult, spiritualist and theosophical teachings, to alternative ideas and debates on the origin of mankind. By analyzing the basic theological premises, the paper discusses the basic religious and culturological paradigms to be found in UFO movements. It also shows how a major part of their corpus can be recognized in existing "traditional" religious groups, and suggests that UFO religions represent just another variation on the numerous concepts that offer answers to key existential questions.

  14. Feminist interpretation in the context of reformational theology: a consideration

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    C. Nunes

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the contribution that Biblical interpretation from a feminist perspective may make in the context of refor- mational theology. After an overview of the diverse nature of feminist Biblical interpretation that in itself stems from specific developments in hermeneutics, this article explores the contri- butions made by two prominent scholars in this field, namely Schüssler-Fiorenza and Trible. These contributions are then brought to bear on the South African situation and the debate on the role of women in the church. A suggestion is made as to the contribution that the work of Schüssler-Fiorenza and Trible can make in this context.

  15. [To God through science. Natural theology in Francoism].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paniagua, Francisco Blázquez

    2011-01-01

    In Spain, during Franco's dictatorship (1939-1975) the teaching and divulgation of science were subordinated to the Catholic religion and many books defended a theistic and creationistic point of view of biology that accepted a literal interpretation of the Book of Genesis and denied the theory of evolution, especially as it relates to human origin. This article is devoted to the main books and characteristics of this way of thinking which reproduced arguments and metaphors of the pre-Darwinian natural theology, arguing that nature was ruled by God and living organisms were the results of his design.

  16. Karl Rahner’s Theology of Grace between Catholic Church and Nouvelle Theologie

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    Qorban Elmi

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The relation between nature and grace is an important subject in Christian theology and some other important subjects are based on it. This subject was controversial among Catholic Church and nouvelle theologie in the middle of previous century. German Catholic existential-transcendental theologian, Karl Rahner, was in some agreement and disagreement with both of them. He expressed his theory in this context and by use of some concepts such as supernatural existential, uncreated grace, and obediential potency, attempted to make an improved statement of the subject. Grace in the theology of Rahner is as important as it is called Theology of Grace. His theory contains important connotations for both catholic theology and his theology, and has been dealt with some criticism that will be examined here.

  17. Karl Rahner’s Theology of Grace between Catholic Church and Nouvelle Theologie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaafar Fallahi

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The relation between nature and grace is an important subject in Christian theology and some other important subjects are based on it. This subject was controversial among Catholic Church and nouvelle theologie in the middle of previous century. German Catholic existential-transcendental theologian, Karl Rahner, was in some agreement and disagreement with both of them. He expressed his theory in this context and by use of some concepts such as supernatural existential, uncreated grace, and obediential potency, attempted to make an improved statement of the subject. Grace in the theology of Rahner is as important as it is called Theology of Grace. His theory contains important connotations for both catholic theology and his theology, and has been dealt with some criticism that will be examined here.

  18. The establishment and activities of the Leningrad Theological-pastoral courses in 1944 -1945

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    Shkarovskii Mikhail

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available After violent anti-religious persecution of the Russian Church began to emerge in the period of the great Patriotic war. With the renewal of Church life was closely connected with the revival in the “Northern capital” liquidated by the Soviet authorities in 1928 spiritual education. The merit of recreation on the banks of the Neva theological school belongs, first of all, the Metropolitan of Leningrad and Novgorod Grigoriy (Chukov — former rector of the Petrograd Theological Institute. The Lord has implemented a succession of new theological school with the old, destroyed in the 1920s, retaining many of the best of the old traditions revived in Theological schools. It was he who made the discovery in 1945, in the “Northern capital” Theological-pastoral courses. on September 28, the Leningrad Executive Committee took the decision to transfer courses part of the building of the former Petrograd Theological Seminary, and on November 22, 1945, a solemn opening of a new Spiritual school. General management courses belonged to the Metropolitan Grigoriy, who wrote a special provision about them, developed curriculum, picked up the teaching staff . Head of courses, taught 6 people, and studied 24 pupil, was Archpriest Nikolay Lomakin. July 1, 1946, the Holy Synod decided on the organization of the Leningrad Theological Academy and the transformation of the Theological-pastoral courses “Northern capital” in Seminary, which soon began to work successfully. In the theological schools of the city on the Neva Metropolitan Grigoriy sought to attract the best surviving after the repression of the Church staff that he largely succeeded. And significant role in the revival of the Academy and Seminary played pop experience Theological-pastoral courses.

  19. Film as medium for meaning making: A practical theological reflection

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    Anita L. Cloete

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The reflection on film will be situated within the framework of popular culture and livedreligion as recognised themes within the discipline of practical theology. It is argued that theperspective of viewers is of importance within the process of meaning-making. By focusing onthe experience and meaning-making through the act of film-watching the emphasis is not somuch on the message that the producer wishes to convey but rather on the experience that iscreated within the viewer. Experience is not viewed as only emotional, but rather that, at least,both the cognitive and emotional are key in the act of watching a film. It is therefore arguedthat this experience that is seldom reflected on by viewers could serve as a fruitful platform formeaning-making by the viewer. In a context where there seems to be a decline in institutionalisedforms of religion, it is important to investigate emerging forms of religion. Furthermore, theturn to the self also makes people’s experiences and practices in everyday life valuableresources for theological reflection. This reflection could provide a theoretical framework forespecially empirical research on how film as specific form of media serves as a religiousresource and plays a role in the construction of meaning and religious identity.

  20. Draft of the Orthodox theology about Holy Spirit.

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    ks. Henryk Paprocki

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The role of the Holy Spirit is much more in the centre of spirituality of the Eastern Church than is the case in the Western Church. Nevertheless, to say that Orthodox thought has finally and fully developed systematic theology of the Holy Spirit, would be excessive. The science of the Holy Spirit is based primarily on the experience of the community (liturgy and on individual experience (personal prayer. It is these two aspects that the article is devoted to. At the same time it attempts to present Orthodox Church’s teaching of the Holy Spirit not only on the basis of dogmatic formulation, but principally through the experience of the mystics, which found resonance in the practice and theory of hesychasm. Especially helpful in this approach is the Orthodox liturgy, rich in inexhaustible theological perspective. Hesychia is also linked to the contemplation of icons. The combination of these different threads leads to deep spiritual experiences. However, it was the Church where a clear revelation of the Holy Spirit succeeded, which is particularly emphasized by St. Gregory of Nazianzus, the Theologian: “The Old Testament proclaimed the Father clearly, but the Son more obscurely. The New Testament revealed the Son and gave us a glimpse of the divinity of the Spirit. Now the Spirit dwells among us and grants us a clearer vision of himself ”.

  1. Multiple Religious Belonging: Hermeneutical Challenges for Theology of Religions

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    Oostveen Daan F.

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The phenomenon of multiple religious belonging is studied from different perspectives, each of which reveals a different understanding of religion, religious diversity and religious belonging. This shows that the phenomenon of multiple religious belonging is challenging the applicability of these central notions in academic enquiry about religion. In this article, I present the different perspectives on multiple religious belonging in theology of religions and show how the understanding of some central scholarly notions is different. In Christian theology, the debate on multiple religious belonging is conducted between particularists, who focus on the uniqueness of religious traditions, and pluralists, who focus on the shared religious core of religious traditions. Both positions are criticized by feminist and post-colonial theologians. They believe that both particularists and pluralists focus too strongly on religious traditions and the boundaries between them. I argue that the hermeneutic study of multiple religious belonging could benefit from a more open understanding of religious traditions and religious boundaries, as proposed by these feminist and post-colonial scholars. In order to achieve this goal we could also benefit from a more intercultural approach to multiple religious belonging in order to understand religious belonging in a nonexclusive way.

  2. Thinking theologically about reproductive and genetic enhancements: the challenge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khushf, George

    1999-08-01

    Current philosophical and legal bioethical reflections on reprogenetics provides little more than a rationalization of the interests of science. There are two reasons for this. First, bioethicists attempt to address ethical issues in a "language of precision" that characterizes science, and this works against analogical and narratological modes of discourse that have traditionally provided guidance for understanding human nature and purpose. Second, the current ethical and legal debate is framed by a public/private distinction that banishes robust norms to the private realm, and leaves a minimalist public discourse of harm avoidance that is insuffucient for regulating the science. In this essay, I argue that Mark Hanson's account of anxiety provides a valuable starting point for addressing deficiencies in the current philosophical and legal debate, and it highlights the need for a theological discourse on genetic enhancements. Through an assessment of Joel Shuman's criticism of the public/private distinction, I show how the needed theological discourse should be situated in the context of robust communities, and how such a communitarian inter-ethic is compatible with a variant of liberalism. Finally, I critically assess James Keenan's account of virtue and perfection, in order to outline what a sufficient discourse on reproductive and genetic enhancements requires.

  3. Judaism in the theology of Sir Isaac Newton

    CERN Document Server

    Goldish, Matt

    1998-01-01

    This book is based on my doctoral dissertation from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem (1996) of the same title. As a master's student, working on an entirely different project, I was well aware that many of Newton's theological manuscripts were located in our own Jewish National and University Library, but I was under the mistaken assumption that scores of highly qualified scholars must be assiduously scouring them and publishing their results. It never occurred to me to look at them at all until, having fmished my master's, I spoke to Professor David Katz at Tel-Aviv University about an idea I had for doctoral research. Professor Katz informed me that the project I had suggested was one which he himself had just fmished, but that I might be interested in working on the famous Newton manuscripts in the context of a project being organized by him, Richard Popkin, James Force, and the late Betty Jo Teeter Dobbs, to study and publish Newton's theological material. I asked him whether he was not sending me into ...

  4. The rhetorical strategy of William Paley's Natural theology (1802): part 1, William Paley's Natural theology in context.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Flaherty, Niall

    2010-03-01

    This article reconstructs the historical and philosophical contexts of William Paley's Natural theology (1802). In the wake of the French Revolution, widely believed to be the embodiment of an atheistic political credo, the refutation of the transmutational biological theories of Buffon and Erasmus Darwin was naturally high on Paley's agenda. But he was also responding to challenges arising from his own moral philosophy, principally the psychological quandary of how men were to be kept in mind of the Creator. It is argued here that Natural theology was the culmination of a complex rhetorical scheme for instilling religious impressions that would increase both the virtue and happiness of mankind. Philosophy formed an integral part of this strategy, but it did not comprise the whole of it. Equally vital were those purely rhetorical aspects of the discourse which, according to Paley, were more concerned with creating 'impression'. This facet of his writing is explored in part one of this two-part article. Turning to the argumentative side of the scheme, part two examines Paley's responses to David Hume and Erasmus Darwin in the light of the wider strategy of inculcation at work throughout all his writings.

  5. Philosophy and Theology in Karl Barth’s Neo-Orthodoxy

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    Pylaev Maksim

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In the proposed article the author explores the concept of God’s Word in theocentric theology of K. Barth and theology of early K. Barth in times of the second edition of 'Romans’, in terms of their philosophy founding. The author compares the block of philosophical and theological topics such as the theory of temporality, dialectic concept of the beginning (Ursprung and other types in philosophical discourses used by K. Barth (platonism, neo-Kantianism, existentialism, scholasticism, phenomenological philosophy and others with theology of K. Barth. The article gives a brief reconstruction of the theology of God’s Word by K. Barth in its two complementary projections as presented in the ‘Sketch of Christian Doctrine’ and ‘Dogma of the Church’. During the presentation the reader is well acquainted with the third projection of the concept of God’s Word by K. Barth at the time of the genesis of the book ‘Fides quaerens intellectum’. The article tests the hypothesis that the second edition of the ‘Romans’, ‘Fides quaerens intellectum’ and ‘Sketch of the Christian Dogma’ with ‘Church Dogma’ explicate the form of Christian theology, which, absorbing primarily the important philosophic achievements of 19–20th centuries, yet tries to stay free of them. Using various forms of philosophical discourses Karl Barth implements his own task of building a Christian theology beyond metaphysics, history and human existence.

  6. Euthanasia in South Africa: Philosophical and theological considerations

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    Mojalefa L.J. Koenane

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Debates on euthanasia (or �mercy killing� have been a concern in moral, philosophical, legal, theological, cultural and sociological discourse for centuries. The topic of euthanasia inspires a variety of strong views of which the �slippery slope� argument is one. The latter warns that the principle(s underlying any ethical issue (including euthanasia may be distorted. Scholars� views on euthanasia are influenced mainly by cultural, personal, political and religious convictions. In South Africa, the issue of euthanasia has arisen from time to time, but the question of whether it should be legalised was not seriously considered until it recently attracted attention because of a particular case, that of Cape Town advocate Robin StranshamFord. Although euthanasia is still illegal (this is because the Stransham-Ford ruling is confined to this particular case only, as stated in the ratio decidendi by Judge Hans Fabricius of the High Court in Pretoria, the Court granted leave to appeal its April 2015 judgement regarding euthanasia in the application lodged by Stransham-Ford. In considering the contentious nature of the issue of euthanasia, this article adopts a multidisciplinary approach which includes historical, legal, theological, philosophical, theoretical and analytic frameworks, discussing euthanasia from philosophical and theological perspectives, in particular. We conclude by recommending that the subject of applied ethics, which helps to educate citizens about contemporary moral problems such as euthanasia, be introduced at school level. Exposing young people to the debates around thorny issues such as this would familiarise them with the discourse, encourage them to engage with it and empower them as mature citizens to make informed, reasonable decisions, obviating confusion and conflict which might otherwise arise. The problems surrounding the issue of euthanasia are multidimensional and have the capacity to polarise the nation and

  7. ABOVE THE TIME. BISHOP MIKHAIL (GRIBANOVSKY: AN ATTEMPT OF HIS THEOLOGICAL PORTRAIT

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    PRIEST PAVEL KHONDZINSKY

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Many deep processes in the Russian spiritual tradition in the last quarter of the XIX c. — movement for the restoration of the patriarchate, renewal of the parish life, aspiration to attach to the theological truth its direct vital importance, search for a new Christian philosophy — are connected with the name of bishop Mikhail (Gribanovsky. Yet his name and heritage even now are far from being well-known. In the article the author attempts to off er a theological portait of the bishop, in other words, to present to a reader an essay on the formation of his personality and his theological thought in their inner organic interrelation

  8. The Qumran Visualization Project: Prospects for Digital Humanities in Theological Libraries

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    Benjamin P. Murphy

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Digital Humanities are a hot topic in disciplines as varied as literature, history and cultural studies, but at present theology and religious studies departments seem to be lagging behind. This essay will offer a critical review of one Digital Humanities project that is relevant to theological libraries and Biblical Studies: the Qumran Visualization Project. The essay will discuss why theological libraries should start considering the Digital Humanities, and then offer some strategies for how libraries can support, promote or otherwise engage with this type of project.

  9. Theological Construction in the Offices in Honour of St Knud Lavard

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Nils Holger

    2014-01-01

    A discussion of the theology of the late twelfth-century offices in honour of the Danish patron saint Knud Lavard, asking to what extent this theology can be seen to have been underlined in musical representations. The theological tenor is on suffering as a consequence of evil and unprovoked aggr...... aggression, verbally as well as musically. This is underscored by textual as well as musical analysis of central parts of the offices, focusing on the relationship between the responsories and the homiletic readings of the last Nocturns of Matins....

  10. Theology in the flesh – embodied sensing, consciousness and the mapping of the body

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    Jacob Meiring

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Flowing from his model for a contemporary theological anthropology as embodied sensing, the author focuses on the corporeal-linguistic turn in the 21st century and explores how his use of bodymapping, as an applied aspect of theological anthropology within the context of narrative therapy, intersects with the work of the neuro-scientist, Antonio Damasio on consciousness, and specifically his research on how the brain constantly maps the body in the brain. The author also explores the notion of sensing in the latest book of the Irish philosopher Richard Kearney and based on this, expands his model for theological anthropology to the embodied sensing of meaning.

  11. Postmodern Astro-Theology, Cometary Panspermia, and the Polonnaruwa Meteorite: Derham, Wesley, Whitehead, Griffin and Cobb

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Theodore, Jr.

    2013-03-01

    Here is a postmodern astro-theological response to factual evidence supporting cometary panspermia, including evidence of cyanobacteria fossils in meteorites (Hoover 2011) and diatom frustules in the Polonnaruwa meteorite (Wickramasinghe and others 2013). Distinct from William Derham's modern astro-theology, and in accordance with John Wesley's avoidance of factual demonstrations/proofs and Wesley's appreciation of factual exemplifications, postmodern astro-theology appreciates cometary panspermia. Cometary panspermia is a specific-factually correct example of panspermia in general. Generic panspermia is essential to panentheism. Cometary panspermia enriches evolutionary biology.

  12. Unpacking the downside of sustentasie on African theology and theologians: a need for contextual black theology as a liberative ingredient for the black Reformed churches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elijah Baloyi

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The practice of the black church being a follower of the leading white church is a continuous process in the Gereformeerde Kerke in Suid Afrika (or Reformed Churches in South Africa in English. This makes it difficult to contextualise Reformed Theology to address African challenges and problems. There are many reasons for the subordination of the black theologians, but for the sake of this article, I identified the issue of sustentasie1 as one of the causes. The lack of financial independence implies that the black church2 cannot determine their destiny by revising, transforming and even Africanising their theology to fit into their context and challenges, since that would mean they are biting the hand that feeds them. This article will argue that it is time that Africans stop being a theological duplication of the Western theologies and that they take responsibility to ensure that their theology addresses the immediate situation of the Black Reformed people (contextualised with or without the support from the white church.

  13. The spiritual meanning of illness-theological and psychological perspective

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    PhD. Claudia Vlaicu

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Definying illness is not an easy process, nor from medical perspective nor from theological one or individual perspective. However, the most important and truely significant seems to be the latter; how the contemporary man defines illnesses and how he uses this process to redefine his true being. Nowadays we face an obvious spiritual crisis meant to urge each of us to start a new process of redefining our spiritual identity. This paper is intented to remind us of the essence of our being on the one hand and of the Christian duty to fight against illness on the other hand, to bear permanently with us the model of Jesus, of the Holly Parents, who were subject to deseases also out of reasons that are related to God’s iconomy. The limits of medicine are visible there where miracles start to reveal themselves and the healing of the body symbolizes and announces the healing of the entire Being.

  14. Practical theology: Can it really help the local congregation?

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    A. Roger Tucker

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available This article sought to demonstrate that a synthesis of various church growth methods used within the framework of Heitink’s (1999:124ff. three theory of action perspectives, namely the ‘hermeneutical’, ‘empirical’ and ‘strategic’, has successfully enabled the building up of one congregation both structurally and spiritually. The ‘building up’ concept was drawn from the practical theological subdiscipline of ‘building up the local church’. This subdiscipline judges the success of God’s work in a local congregation by how effective it is in mobilising its members, facilitating growth towards holistic maturity, making disciples and serving others in mission. Since 2006, St John’s has moved towards this goal by mobilising its members into four new ministry teams (with 13 subsidiary teams, which appear to have achieved growth in these areas.

  15. Public theology and the translation imperative: A Ricoeurian perspective

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    Jaco S. Dreyer

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to contribute to the academic discussion on the inter-linguistic translation of the Christian message in the public sphere. There seems to be consensus amongst academic public theologians and social philosophers such as Habermas about the importance of translating religious language in the public sphere. Views differ, however, on the manner of translation. Five key aspects of Ricoeur’s paradigm of translation are discussed and offered as a framework for the academic discussion in public theology on the translation of the Christian message in the public sphere. It is argued that notions such as the tension between faithfulness and betrayal, the illusion of the perfect translation, striving for equivalence of meaning, the importance of the desire to translate, the work of translation and linguistic hospitality offer insight in the complexity of the translation task as well as its ethical nature.

  16. ETYMOLOGICAL NOTES ON RUSSIAN THEOLOGICAL COLLEGE SLANG: VZDR’UCHIT’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. G. Dobrodmov

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The article explores lexical items belonging to a subset of the 19th century Russian bureaucratic slang terms with the meaning ‘to scold, tell off, reprimand, subject to verbal punishment’,  attested in literary sources, primarily in the works of Nikolai Leskov. The terms are shown to have originated from the slang of theological college students, of which borrowings liberally adapted to Russian  word formational patterns were typical. Special attention is given to the verb dr’uchit’ ‘to (severely beat physically or verbally’ and its variants; significant overlooks in existing lexicographic-etymological  descriptions of the verb are pointed out; a new etymology for the verb is proposed, suggesting a borrowing from German drücken ‘to press; to oppress’.

  17. Second-generation Holocaust survivors: Psychological, theological, and moral challenges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juni, Samuel

    2016-01-01

    Drawing from trauma theory, psychodynamic conceptualization, developmental psychology, clinical data, and personal experience, this article portrays a life haunted by tragedy predating its victims. Healthy child development is outlined, with particular attention to socialization and theological perspectives. Key characteristics of trauma are delineated, highlighting the nuances of trauma that are most harmful. As is the case with general trauma, Holocaust survivors are described as evincing survivor's guilt and paranoia in response to their experiences. Divergent disorders resulting from the Holocaust are described for 1st-generation and 2nd-generation survivors, respectively. Primary trauma responses and pervasive attitudes of survivors are shown to have harmful ramifications on their children's personality and worldview as well as on their interpersonal and theistic object relations. These limitations translate into problems in the adult lives of second generation survivors.

  18. [Chronic stress and epigenetics. Relation between academic sciences and theology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simon, Kornél

    2012-04-08

    The author gives a short account on the principles of Selye's stress theory, and discusses similarities and dissimilarities of acute and chronic stress. Both the external, and the internal environment, as well as the psycho-mental status are involved in the notion of the environment. Basic principles of epigenetics are reviewed: interaction between environment and genes, neuroendocrine and enzymatic mechanisms involved in silencing and activation of genes, notions of phenotypic plasticity, and epigenetic reprogramming are discussed. Epigenetic mechanisms of interrelation between pathological clinical states (diseases) and the characteristic phenotypes, causative role of psycho-mental status in evoking pathological somatic alterations, and the potential therapeutic consequences are briefly discussed. The etiological role of chronic, civilization stress in producing the worldwide increment of cardiovascular morbidity is cited, argumentation and criticism of the current therapeutical practice is discussed. The author concludes that recent advances in epigenetic knowledge seem to solve the controversy between the academic and theological sciences.

  19. Psychology and theology meet: illness appraisal and spiritual coping.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baldacchino, Donia R; Borg, Josette; Muscat, Charlene; Sturgeon, Cassandra

    2012-10-01

    This descriptive exploratory study explored illness appraisal and spiritual coping of three groups of individuals with life-threatening illness. These were hospice clients with cancer (Ca; n = 10), clients with first myocardial infarction (MI; n = 6), and parents of children with cystic fibrosis (CF; n = 16). Qualitative data were collected by audiotaped face-to-face interviews (parents) and focus groups (MI and Ca). Similarities in illness appraisal and spiritual coping were found across the three groups except appreciation of crafts, which was found only in clients with Ca and causal meaning of parents (CF). Overall, illness was appraised negatively and positively, whereas spiritual coping incorporated existential and religious coping. These findings confirm the psychological theory (Lazarus & Folkman, 1984) and theological theory (Otto, 1950), which guided this study. Recommendations were proposed to integrate spirituality and religiosity in the curricula, clinical practice and to conduct cross-cultural comparative longitudinal research.

  20. Spontaneous generation in medieval Jewish philosophy and theology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaziel, Ahuva

    2012-01-01

    The concept of life forms emerging from inanimate matter--spontaneous generation--was widely accepted until the nineteenth century. Several medieval Jewish scholars acknowledged this scientific theory in their philosophical and religious contemplations. Quite interestingly, it served to reinforce diverse, or even opposite, theological conclusions. One approach excluded spontaneously-generated living beings form the biblical account of creation or the story of the Deluge. Underlying this view is an understanding that organisms that generate spontaneously evolve continuously in nature and, therefore, do not require divine intervention in their formation or survival during disastrous events. This naturalistic position reduces the miraculous dimension of reality. Others were of the opinion that spontaneous generation is one of the extraordinary marvels exhibited in this world and, accordingly, this interpretation served to accentuate the divine aspect of nature. References to spontaneous generation also appear in legal writings, influencing practical applications such as dietary laws and actions forbidden on the Sabbath.

  1. Empowerment of Korean women from a postmodern Practical Theological perspective

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    Eun Ok Jeong

    2003-11-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article is to discuss the situation of Korean women from political, social, cultural and religious perspectives in a postmodern context. Postmodernity implies a denial of the “absolute”, including “absolute power” of men over women. Heideggerian thinking rejects the modernistic privileged status of the Cartesian subject. In this article postmodern anti-foundational, anti-totalizing, and demystifying cate-gories are used to critique patriarchy in Korean society and literature in order to analyze social movements and cultural-religious values in Korea. It discusses a representation of sexual difference and values by means of feminist literary criticism. The article consists of a reflection on the relationship between theory and praxis in feminist Practical Theology, Korean women’s experience, the epistemology of post-modernity, and the empowerment of Korean women.

  2. Shifting frontiers of transcendence in theology, philosophy and science

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    Cornelius W. du Toit

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available This article dealt cursorily with developments in theology, philosophy and the sciences that have contributed to what one might call horizontal transcendence. The premise is that humans have evolved into beings that are wired for transcendence. Transcendence is described in terms of the metaphor of frontiers and frontier posts. Although the frontiers of transcendence shift according to the insights, understanding and needs of every epoch and world view, it remains transcendent, even in its immanent mode. Diverse perceptions of that frontier normally coexist in every era and we can only discern a posteriori which was the dominant one. Frontiers are fixed with reference to the epistemologies, notions of the subject and power structures of a given era. From a theological point of view, encounter with the transcendent affords insight, not into the essence of transcendence, but into human self-understanding and understanding of our world. Transcendence enters into the picture when an ordinary human experience acquires a depth and an immediacy that are attributed to an act of God. In philosophy, transcendence evolved from a noumenal metaphysics focused on the object (Plato, via emphasis on the epistemological structure and limits of the knowing subject (Kant and an endeavour to establish a dynamic subject-object dialectics (Hegel, to the assimilation of transcendence into human existence (Heidegger. In the sciences certain developments opened up possibilities for God to act in non-interventionist ways. The limitations of such an approach are considered, as well as promising new departures – and their limitations – in the neurosciences. From all of this I conclude that an immanent-transcendent approach is plausible for our day and age.

  3. A «Theology of Happiness»

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    Pavel Khondzinsky

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The Christian traditions of both East and West closely associate abstract theology (that is the reception and expression of revealed truth with the everyday life style of the individual theologian, placing specific demands on the type of life he leads. The charism of being a teacher in Christ’s Church implies a degree of personal holiness and integrity as well as the willingness to bear the cross of suffering, both voluntary and involuntary. This apparent truth was examined by the first generation of Slavophiles. It is treated in the correspondence of Slavophile circles during the summer of 1853 and was published by N. P. Kolyupanov in the appendix attached to his biography of A. I. Koshelev. Their conclusions were viewed as authoritative by Khomyakov and his group. They may be summarized as follows. Since suffering is a result of one’s own personal sins or of the general sinfulness of the world, the mitigation or even absence of suffering may be viewed as a special gift of grace. In this way, earthly happiness may be seen as something positive - a special benefit granted to the person by God. As a result, it is not necessary to limit one’s happiness, but only to be grateful for it. Happiness for a Christian forms a special type of ascesis, an ascesis much more difficult to perform than suffering, since the happy person is constantly in peril of forgetting God. To remedy this factor, prayer and mortification are necessary - hence the need especially for the monastic form of life. The only thing that should really be forbidden to the Christian is to ask God in prayer to make oneself happy on earth. Further conclusions to this line of thinking among the Slavophiles await further research. But we might pose the following query: can a refusal to practice the ascesis of the patristic tradition bring out to the road of the patristic theology?

  4. NeoNeoplatonism: Can Theology be studied With the Scientific Attitude

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    Marchal Bruno

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available scientific method, but that, perhaps paradoxically at first sight, this does not prevent the role of religion, nor the necessity of a dialog between science and theology (making it in part into a dialog internal to science or between science and religion, seen as possible applied theology. It is important to keep in mind that science, well understood, has at the start something common with (some religion, which is a humility and modesty attitude. Science is born from the doubt, lives with the doubt, and never abandon the doubting attitude in any of its possible conclusion. We just don’t know, in science, and can only make our beliefs/ assumptions/theories as much precise as possible so that we make higher the possibility of refuting them, so that we can abandon them or improve them. Theology, once made with the scientific attitude is no exception, and (remaking theology into a science, consists in reintroducing genuine doubts in the heart. Only bad faith can fear reasons. Only bad reasons can fear faith. When fundamental science forget this, it becomes a kind of pseudo-religion. I will use Neoneoplatonism for Neoplatonism + Church-Turing thesis, as explained below. It is a mathematical theology that we can ascribe or attribute to any arithmetically sound (Turing universal machine. The machines looking inward, and remaining sound in the process, can do this, in some technical sense. Such a theology will appear to contain a scientific, communicable and justifiable part (that we might called Science extended by some Truth, that the machine can intuit or experience, but which are not amenable to a thorough scientific justification by the machine about itself. Indeed, I will argue that most theologies contain a trap, as some true theological propositions become false when only asserted, vindicating some mystical insight as variate as Damascius’ ineffability or Lao-Tseu when he said that the wise keeps silent. This argument relies on my early

  5. Theological poverty of churches in the developing world: Its causes and effects

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    Jae-Buhm Hwang

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available By and large, the non Protestant churches from the developing world rarely have a creative theology that is unique to their own cultures and religiosity. It was my hypothesis that the theological barrenness of churches from the developing world is partly as a result of the antiintellectualist legacy of the past missions from the developed world. This legacy was fostered by the strong paternalism of these past missions on the one hand and on the other, by their revivalist conversionism. The anti-intellectual legacy has brought two notable results to the missionised churches from the developing world: their profound dependency on theologies from the developed world and their resulting theological poverty, both interdependent elements.

  6. A challenge to change developments in feminist theology and feminist Christology

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    Riet Bons-Storm

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available Contextual theologies have made it clear that context, and the particular experiences a context gives, shapes thinking about the Divine and the world into a particular, contextual theology. Feminist theologians stress the point that the life-experience of women in general – and every woman of flesh and blood in particular – works as a context, seeing the world, thinking about the Divine from a particular perspective. The critique of feminist theologies is aimed in the first place to the presumptions and assumptions underlying texts, customs and politics. Feminist theologians ask basic questions about the acquisition of theological knowledge that exposes the cultural conditioning of Christian belief. This review article on the work of Lisa Isherwood and Dorothea McEwan demonstrates how many feminist theologians find in “Process Thought” a way of thinking that avoids the suppositions these presumptions and assumptions make.

  7. Operational Ethics in Coalition Warfare: Whose Ethics Will Prevail? A Philosophical/Theological Conundrum

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Howell, Abigail

    2002-01-01

    .... Ethical development and biases formed may be based on theological or philosophical tenets and represent a potential area of conflict during the coalition's operational war planning and decision-making cycle...

  8. Theological Libraries and “The Next Christendom:” Connecting North American Theological Education to Uses of the Book in the Global South

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    John B. Weaver

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Survey of the past thirty years of librarian literature on the documentation of world Christianity indicates a number of trends in theological librarianship, including a relative inattention to the connection between the documentation of world Christianity in ATLA libraries, and the needs of theological researchers in North America. A trilogy of recent books by Philip Jenkins on the globalization of Christianity argues for the significance of the writings of the “global South” to reading habits in the “global North.” Based on the work of Jenkins and other scholars, this paper identifies ten specific connections between North American theological education and the documentation of world Christianity – connections that are rooted in the uses of the book in the global South. These are reasons for increased promotion and support of the documentation of world Christianity among ATLA libraries.

  9. Practical theology: A critically engaged practical reason approach of practice, theory, practice and theory

    OpenAIRE

    John S. Klaasen

    2014-01-01

    Browning’s influential use of practical reason for his fundamental practical theology is analysed. His correlation of theory and practice in his three stages of theory, practice and theory is also critiqued because his approach reduces practical theology almost to professionalism and principles for ministry. His approach could also result in an antagonistic relationship between practice and theory as practice is reduced to theory or academics. This article seeks to present a critically engage...

  10. The resurrection : aspects of its changing role in 20th century theology

    OpenAIRE

    Price, Christopher A.

    1987-01-01

    This thesis deals with theologies of the Resurrection in the twentieth century. We have chosen for study seven major theologians whose work reflects significant achievement in this area. We begin with a look at 'dialectical' theologians Karl Barth and Rudolf Bultmann and deal with their debate on the nature and meaning of the Resurrection. Because of their importance to theology they are dealt with extensively. From there we move on to the contemporary theologians of 'hop...

  11. Sex Difference in Medieval Theology and Canon Law. A Tribute to Joan Cadden 

    OpenAIRE

    Van Der Lugt, Maaike

    2010-01-01

    International audience; In order to evaluate the role and importance of sex difference in medieval theology and canon law, this article concentrates on two cases: the hermaphrodite's access to the sacraments of baptism, marriage and ordination, and the creation of the first woman. The author shows that, compared to other intellectual frameworks (Roman law, medieval muslim law), medieval theology, but especially canon law was relatively egalitarian.; Etude du rôle et de l'importance de la diff...

  12. Marriage and Sexuality in the Light of the Eschaton: A Dialogue between Orthodox and Reformed Theology

    OpenAIRE

    John Panteleimon Manoussakis

    2016-01-01

    This article proposes a re-examination of the institution of marriage in light of the eschatology of the Eastern Church and the theological discourse on the topic developed by three thinkers of the Reformed tradition, namely Kierkegaard, Barth, and Bonhoeffer. In doing so, I take into consideration the relationship of marriage with: (1) sacramental theology; (2) philosophical anthropology; (3) politics; and (4) the question of human sexuality. Such a re-examination of marriage has been made h...

  13. Taking up the cudgels against gay rights? Trends and trajectories in African Christian theologies on homosexuality

    OpenAIRE

    van Klinken, A.S.; Gunda, M.R.

    2012-01-01

    Against the background of the HIV epidemic and the intense public controversy on homosexuality in African societies, this article investigates the discourses of academic African Christian theologians on homosexuality. Distinguishing some major strands in African theology, that is, inculturation, liberation, women’s and reconstruction theology, the article examines how the central concepts of culture, liberation, justice, and human rights function in these discourses. On the basis of a qualita...

  14. Repositioning the use of the Bible towards a mission-oriented theological education

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    Adekunle O. Dada

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available It is an undeniable fact that mission remains the cardinal essence of the Church. However, in Africa and in Nigeria, the Church seems to have lost focus regarding the main reason for its existence, namely mission. One of the factors responsible for this may be the form of theological education in vogue. In view of this anomaly, this paper reflects on how the study of the Bible, which serves as the primary basis for theological education in some institutions, can be repositioned to enhance a mission-oriented theological education. The importance of proper interpretation of the Bible in enhancing missions can be premised on the fact that a sound biblical hermeneutics is prerequisite to the formulation of an effective and functional theology of missions. If our theology of mission is faulty, the practice cannot be anything but flawed. In view of this, the paper explores ways in which the Bible can be meaningfully studied in order to promote a mission-oriented theological education.

  15. Children as theological hermeneutic: Is there a new epistemological break emerging?

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    Nico Botha

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Children are the great omission in theology. The objective of the article is to show that there is a growing realisation of this reality. More than that, there are attempts afoot to salvage the situation by factoring children more and more into theological writing, not in an objectified manner, but as serious agents of theology and, in the case of this article, as agents of mission. A few examples to this effect are shown in the article. The main thrust of the study, however, is to raise the hypothetical question of whether children have not become an important and indispensable theological hermeneutic themselves. The serious question is raised of whether children if, taken seriously in church and theology are not forcing a new epistemological break or a new way of believing and of theologising on the world of mission. A somewhat tentative and hypothetical conclusion is arrived at, which suggests that indeed there is a new rupture occurring in terms of how we know what we know in church and theology.

  16. THE ROLE OF THE LANGUAGE IN THEOLOGICAL MAKING Elements of Rahner’s legacy regarding literature and poetry

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    Carmem Lussi

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The article begins by presenting some elements of analyses on theological language and its relevance to theological making, beginning from the philosophical impulse of the 20th century, especially those of Heidegger, Gadamer and Ricoeur. Theology, conversing with literature, values its language as a place where the words not only communicate, but also happens as an event, a gathering and even as a place for God’s experience. Elements of Rahner’s legacy regarding the magnitude of poetry as a privileged place for God’s Word occurrence are set out bellow, given that poetry “is the grace which works on men”. For Rahner, literature, and especially poetry, promote the ability of making the human happen; therefore, theology develops its aptitude of making the event of the Word happen, which has to do with the meaning of theology as “life’s hermeneutic”.Keywords: Theological language, poetry, literature, Karl Rahner.

  17. The emergence of the confessional theology in Russia (18th – first half of the 19th centuries

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    Eugene Lyutko

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available This article looks at a text dealing with theology as a text dealing with the reality that stands behind this text. Based on examples of three Russian church hierarchs who tried to systematise theology in the 18th and 19th centuries — Archbishop Feofan (Prokopovich, St. Philaret (Drozdov, St. Innocent (Borisov — the paper reveals and interprets the following issues: gradual penetration of categories of history, administration and church service into the structure of theology; rejection of the socalled natural theology (theologia naturalis, which takes place at the beginning of the 19th century. Proceeding from Foucauld’s methodology, we come to a conclusion about the emergence of confession in the Russian Empire of the fi rst half of the 19th century. This was an integrated and distinct social body, the key category of which was theology. Theology unites the social space of the confession by means of three key narratives: the identity (a complex of historical disciplines, administration (the canon law, or “theologia rectrix”, and pastoral theology, participation practices (liturgics. At the end of the period in question, the category of “Church” emerges within the theological system. On the one hand, this fact refl ects the completion of the process of constructing the confession; on the other hand, it is a sign of the emergence of ecclesiology, the new practice of theological discourse that came to be dominant in the following period.

  18. Theology and disaster studies: The need for dialogue

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chester, David K.

    2005-09-01

    In hazard analysis the conventional wisdom holds that disasters are features of either human vulnerability and/or de-moralised nature. The notion of the 'Act of God' has been almost completely replaced. Using examples of volcanic eruptions and Christian theology, it is argued that many actual and potential victims of hazards continue to explain losses in theistic terms; even in societies where individuals are aware of alternative scientific and social explanations. In Christianity attempts to reconcile God's love, justice and omnipotence on the one hand and human suffering on the other, is termed theodicy, and it is proposed that recent developments allow more fruitful dialogue to take place between hazard analysts and theologians than has been the case hitherto. During the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction (1990-2000) a consensus emerged that, if responses to disaster are to be successfully managed, then an awareness of local culture is vitally important. This consensus has continued, as research agendas are currently being formulated for the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction. In many disaster prone regions, religion is an essential element of culture and must be carefully considered in the planning process, and not simply dismissed as a symptom of ignorance, superstition and backwardness.

  19. New models for decision making in moral theology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lauer, E F

    1986-01-01

    The way that the Christian tradition faces moral issues is being reshaped. Rather than focusing solely on Scripture and tradition as the basis for resolving ethical issues, decision makers should investigate human experience as well, some contemporary theologians recommend. In contrast to a traditional notion of natural law, which analyzes "human nature," the revisionist approach analyzes human experiences to discover what is authentic in them. This process looks not only at the physical structure of an act but also at its intentionality and its effect on the parties involved. Absolute material norms do not exist, according to the revisionist school. Instead one must examine an act's effects on a person's relationship to God, to others, to the physical world, and to oneself to determine whether it is morally right or wrong. Although this theological trend could be disconcerting to those who serve on ethics committees--since it does not rely on clear-cut rules--and may make decision making more difficult, its value lies in its potential to bring Christians closer to a divine understanding of reality.

  20. Reconsidering the Theological and Ethical Implications of Extraterrestrial Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Randolph, Richard O. (Editor); Race, Margaret S.; McKay, Christopher P. (Editor)

    1997-01-01

    As we stand on the threshold of a new millennium, we also find ourselves at the brink of a new and exciting era in space exploration. In fact, this new era has already begun, with the successful landing and exploration of Mars by the Pathfinder mission in July 1997. Pathfinder represents an important scientific accomplishment for NASA because it demonstrated the agency's ability to successfully explore space at a relatively modest price. At the same time, Pathfinder revealed once again the genuine interest and fascination that people all over planet Earth have for space exploration. The Pathfinder mission is just one of several recent events-both scientific and cultural-that reveal this deep and almost unquenchable curiosity about space-and the possibility that there is life "out there." In August 1996, the public was captivated with NASA's announcement that a meteorite from Mars may contain evidence of early microscopic life. Shortly after the NASA announcement, media coverage of the discovery-and public discourse concerning the discovery-turned to an examination of the theological implications of evidence for extraterrestrial, albeit unintelligent, life. To a lesser extent, public reaction to the Hale-Bopp comet in the Spring of 1996 is also suggestive of many persons' deep passion to know more about space.

  1. To God through Science. Natural theology in Francoism

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    Blázquez Paniagua, Francisco

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available In Spain, during Franco’s dictatorship (1939-1975 the teaching and divulgation of science were subordinated to the Catholic religion and many books defended a theistic and creationistic point of view of Biology that accepted a literal interpretation of the Book of Genesis and denied the theory of evolution, especially as it relates to human origin. This article is devoted to the main books and characteristics of this way of thinking which reproduced arguments and metaphors of the Pre-Darwinian Natural Theology, arguing that Nature was ruled by God and living organisms were the results of his design.

    En España, durante la dictadura franquista (1939-1975, la enseñanza y la divulgación de la ciencia estuvieron supeditadas a la religión católica y numerosas obras defendieron una visión teísta y creacionista de la biología que aceptaba el relato literal del Génesis y rechazaba la teoría de la evolución, especialmente en el problema del origen del ser humano. Este artículo aborda las principales obras y características de esta forma de pensamiento que reprodujo argumentos y metáforas propios de la teología natural predarwiniana, según la cual la Naturaleza estaba gobernada por Dios y los seres vivos eran producto de su diseño.

  2. Islamic theology and the principles of palliative care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Shahri, Mohammad Zafir

    2016-12-01

    It is well established that provision of palliative care is a human right for the patients and their families going through the suffering associated with a life-threatening illness. The holistic nature of palliative care, dictated by the multifaceted suffering experienced by patients, calls for giving due consideration to the cultural and spiritual background of the target population. Similarly, the paramount impact of Islamic wholeness on Muslims' perceptions, beliefs, and way of living makes it necessary for non-Muslim palliative care professionals who are caring for Muslim patients to increase their awareness about the parts of Islamic theology pertinent to the principles of palliative care. This would include a basic knowledge of the Islamic faith and how Muslims view and cope with the calamity of a life-threatening condition along with the suffering associated with it. Equally important are issues related to the management of symptoms using agents that are normally strictly prohibited by Islamic teachings, including opioids, brain stimulants, and cannabinoids. The current review briefly discusses the Islamic perspectives pertinent to a Muslim patient's journey throughout the palliative care experience, onward to a safe passing, and beyond.

  3. Living out a calling to teach: A practical theological engagement

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    Carolina Botha

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available South African teachers are confronted with a plethora of stressors on a daily basis. Often their experience of having a calling to teach is silenced by the realities they have to face. Becoming more aware of the presence of God in their classrooms might turn them into practical theologians. This in itself does not eliminate the factors that cause stress, but it becomes the driving force that keeps them coping in times of duress. Through a constant migration between theory and praxis within the habitus of practical theology, the academic discourses about teachers and about calling are explored. This specific context creates a moment of praxis where they can explore their identity as Christian teachers and their endeavours to create schools driven by their calling. The realisation that they are practical theologians has a profound effect on the different relationship-spheres in which teachers function. Thus they become empowered to be the hands and feet of God in their classrooms and, in turn, serve as agents of hope for their learners and for one another.

  4. Knowing, believing, living in Africa: A practical theology perspective of the past, present and future

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    Gordon E. Dames

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The new democratic era in South Africa brought Western cultural influences forcefully into public and private living domains. This dichotomy deformed African cultures in many ways (Bujo & Muya. Local communities were previously ‘public people’ living and worshipping in transformative hermeneutical communities. This scenario has changed and local communities are steadily being driven into private spaces. The task of practical theology is to question what the undergirding epistemology and beliefs for this shift are and to reinterpret it in the light of the gospel. The impact of Western culture on African traditional villages is telling in so far as traditional African values and practices are being lost at the expense of Western ideology, technology, media, et cetera (Bujo & Muya. We argue that the former dominant monodisciplinary approach of practical theology contributed to a growing private individualist worldview. Practical theology has since developed into an interdisciplinary approach. This newfound reciprocity in the social sciences led to constructive change in church and society (Dingemans. Practical theology in Africa has to deal with an individualised, pluralistic world and tendencies of discontinuity, uncertainty, violence and destruction. In South Africa, practical theology is called upon to redress the dichotomies and defaults of Western and African cultures, respectively.

  5. Revisiting of The negative and positive theologies in the Gradation of existence theory

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    Hamed Naji

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The negative and positive theologies are two intellectually compaction positions that have attracted most Islamic thinkers since the early Islamic period. Tashbih and tanzih means likening and cleansing or purifying respectively. These two technical words in theology describe human encounter with God.  Accordingly Asharites tends towards Positive theology and Mutazale and Shiite tend towards Negative Theology.  There are some Shiete thinkers, however, to compromise this situation. Based on different assumptions and presuppositions we can discern the following compromised versions: 1.       Mild Anthrophomorphism: based on the communality of God and human attributes and reflections on Human contingency and God's necessity 2.       Prevalence of existence and its unity: based on Ibn Arabi's mystical philosophy 3.       Gradation of existence: based on Sadra's transcendental philosophy By looking at the most over-looked fundamental principles of Transcendental Philosophy, I will take a look the possible reconciliations of Negative and Positive theology in this paper. At the end, I will argue for its most plausible version

  6. Defense of a fragment: The theological pertinence of the advanced symphony of Christian Duquoc

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    Paulo Sérgio Carrara

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The article is situated in the area of inter-religious dialogue, one of the great paradigms of actual theology. After Vatican Council II, which treated about the salvation of non Christians and of the members of other religions, theology deepened this theme and appeared several proposals for an inter-religious dialogue. For theologians it imposed the challenge of joining the constructive necessity of Jesus Christ for the salvation of all and the place of other religious traditions in God’s salvation plan. The proposal of the French Catholic theologian, Christian Duquoc, which he called postponed symphony, arouses attention to its singularity in affirming the positive side of the divisions and fragments. His approach is situated within the Catholic Theology that emerged after Vatican II, in which there are several prospects for interreligious dialogue. His theology emphasizes the role of the Holy Spirit in building the possible unity in diversity of fragments. The present article evaluates the theological importance of the French theologian’s proposal in favor of inter-religious dialogue. 

  7. Building missional leadership and spiritual formation: Practical theological perspectives on a Masters Programme

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    Nell, Ian A

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available A MTh programme with the focus on building missional leadership capacity has recently been developed at the Faculty of Theology at Stellenbosch University. The programme is a joint effort of the discipline groups of practical theology and missiology and Ekklesia, an ecumenical centre linked to the Faculty of Theology. The focus of the programme is to serve as a learning community for pastors and congregational leaders who want to build their missional and ministerial leadership capacity. Research done in congregations of the Partnership for South African Missional Churches (SAPMC shapes the focus and content of the different modules in this programme. The purpose of the paper is to do a practical theological analysisinto the background and development of the programme. After giving some insight into the rationale and motivation for starting the programme, the hermeneutical-rhetorical framework of the programme is explained. The paper goes on to give a brief exposition of the content covered in each of the modules, probes into three frames of interpretation (pedagogical, theological and strategic and ends by reflecting on feedback from some of the first students that recently finished the programme.

  8. New Voices in the Struggle/Nuevas Voces en la Lucha: Toward Increasing Latina/o Faculty in Theological Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turner, Caroline Sotello Viernes; Hernandez, Edwin I.; Pena, Milagros; Gonzalez, Juan Carlos

    2008-01-01

    Little progress has been made to increase Latina/o faculty representation in theological education. In this study, 33 interviews with Latina/o theological faculty identify supports and challenges to their scholarly development. Latino critical theory guides the analysis. Narratives reveal faculty experiences with oppression, challenging dominant…

  9. The Impact of Philosophy and Theology Service-Learning Experiences upon the Public Service Motivation of Participating College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seider, Scott C.; Rabinowicz, Samantha A.; Gillmor, Susan C.

    2011-01-01

    This mixed-methods study demonstrates that the SERVE Program at Ignatius University strengthened the public service motivation of participating undergraduates by combining weekly community service with readings in philosophy and theology. These findings offer insights about the role that philosophy and theology service-learning experiences can…

  10. Introducing the Astley-Francis Theology of Religions Index: Construct Validity among 13- to 15-Year-Old Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Astley, Jeff; Francis, Leslie J.

    2016-01-01

    The "theology of religions" is concerned with the interpretation and evaluation of the divergent truth-claims and views of salvation that are asserted or implied by different religious traditions. This study proposes a new multi-choice index that distinguishes between six current positions within the theology of religions, characterised…

  11. Pursuing an understanding of animal consciousness: Implications for animal morality and a creaturely theology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cornel W. du Toit

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The importance of animals in the evolutionary history of homo sapiens comes to the fore in light of an increasingly trans-human techno-scientific environment. New research on consciousness, and animal consciousness in particular, has prompted questions relating to animal rights, animal morality and the emergence of a creaturely theology and theological primatology. The possibility of understanding nonhuman animals is investigated with reference to notions like consciousness, thinking, awareness, language and communication, including the importance of emotion in communication. Special attention is given to the nature of animal communication as it came to the fore in bonobo and other chimpanzee research. Building on the notion of awareness and communication, the article focuses on the notion of animal morality and comments on some aspects of a creaturely theology.

  12. The globalising effect of commercialisation and commodification in African theological education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marilyn Naidoo

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The reality of globalisation is that it has knitted the world into a single time and place and has introduced the dominant force of consumerism. In adopting this framework, it has frayed the moral fabric of theological education and has short changed students who are configured as consumers to please rather than characters to build. While the demographic centre of faith has shifted southward, its ways of thinking and engaging culture have not yet caught up with that shift. Global interconnectedness and the globalisation of knowledge together with homogenisation forces have shaped African theological education to the extent that it has absorbed the almost irreversible traits of the West. This paper highlights how transnational cultural forms have profoundly impacted the production of theological education and will attempt a response to the homogenising forces by the focus of African identity.

  13. Marriage and Sexuality in the Light of the Eschaton: A Dialogue between Orthodox and Reformed Theology

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    John Panteleimon Manoussakis

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This article proposes a re-examination of the institution of marriage in light of the eschatology of the Eastern Church and the theological discourse on the topic developed by three thinkers of the Reformed tradition, namely Kierkegaard, Barth, and Bonhoeffer. In doing so, I take into consideration the relationship of marriage with: (1 sacramental theology; (2 philosophical anthropology; (3 politics; and (4 the question of human sexuality. Such a re-examination of marriage has been made highly urgent and relevant today in the wake of the recent debate on same-sex marriage. This fourfold examination illustrates marriage’s ambivalent position within the Christian tradition insofar as, if taken as normative, marriage diminishes the subversive claim of Christian eschatology. Furthermore, Christian theology refuses marriage an absolute merit, by demanding that it is always qualified in relation to the Church’s eschatological vision.

  14. Christian Sexual Ethics in a Time of HIV/AIDS � A Challenge for Public Theology

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    Michael Haspel

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available HIV/AIDS poses an enormous challenge for the Christian church in Africa. Though many congregations engage in practical social programmes addressing the medical and social problems related to HIV/AIDS often there is no adequate theological concept dealing with HIV/AIDS. This article argues that starting from biblical insights� and Christian anthropology in the current� situation a contextual theology adressing HIV/AIDS and a respective sexual ethics have to be developped which enables hristians to live responsibly in a time of HIV/AIDS without demonising sexuality. This, in turn, could contribute to the ethical discourse in civil society and thus foster the development of a public theology.

  15. Running with Perseverance: The Theological Library’s Challenge of Keeping Pace With Changing Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nancy K. Falciani-White

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available In the last thirty years, the study habits and learning styles of students have changed, influenced by parenting styles, pop culture, and the influx of technology into their lives. Those students studying theology in seminaries and universities across the United States have likewise changed dramatically. Their ages, ethnicity, gender, technological ability, and goals have all changed, as have their expectations for their education and their library. This paper will examine the characteristics of those students considered to be part of the “Millennial” generation, examine how these characteristics apply to students of theology, and explore the impact that these characteristics are having, and will continue to have, on theological libraries.

  16. Running with Perseverance: the Theological Library’s Challenge of Keeping Pace With Changing Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nancy K. Falciani-White

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available In the last thirty years, the study habits and learning styles of students have changed, influenced by parenting styles, pop culture, and the influx of technology into their lives. Those students studying theology in seminaries and universities across the United States have likewise changed dramatically. Their ages, ethnicity, gender, technological ability, and goals have all changed, as have their expectations for their education and their library. This paper will examine the characteristics of those students considered to be part of the “Millennial” generation, examine how these characteristics apply to students of theology, and explore the impact that these characteristics are having, and will continue to have, on theological libraries.

  17. R.D. Laing and theology: the influence of Christian existentialism on "The Divided Self".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Gavin

    2009-04-01

    The radical psychiatrist R.D. Laing's first book, "The Divided Self" (1960), is informed by the work of Christian thinkers on scriptural interpretation -- an intellectual genealogy apparent in Laing's comparison of Karl Jaspers's symptomatology with the theological tradition of "form criticism." Rudolf Bultmann's theology, which was being enthusiastically promoted in 1950s Scotland, is particularly influential upon Laing. It furnishes him with the notion that schizophrenic speech expresses existential truths as if they were statements about the physical and organic world. It also provides him with a model of the schizoid position as a form of modern-day Stoicism. Such theological recontextualization of "The Divided Self" illuminates continuities in Laing's own work, and also indicates his relationship to a wider British context, such as the work of the "clinical theologian" Frank Lake.

  18. Ubuntu and the body: A perspective from theological anthropology as embodied sensing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacob J.S. Meiring

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The author asks whether the notion of ubuntu truly exists within contemporary South African society and how the experiencing of South Africans� embodiment can be connected to ubuntu � especially amongst black people. The notion of ubuntu is briefly explored within law and theology. The author has recently proposed a model for a contemporary theological anthropology as �embodied sensing� which functions within the intimate relationship of the lived body, experiencing in a concrete life-world, language, and the �more than�. It is from this perspective that the notion of ubuntu is explored.

  19. Commercialisation of theological education as a challenge in the Neo-Pentecostal Charismatic churches

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    Kelebogile T. Resane

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Commercialisation, technology, and globalisation impact all facets of religion.Commercialisation of religion contributes towards society’s obsession with success. One areathrough which commercialisation manifests itself is in theological education. This isexacerbated by the celebrity cult whereby the leader’s success is measured by wealthyappearance. The current legal accreditation requirements put pressure on the Neo-PentecostalCharismatic ministerial formation. The online courses come at a high price, as they alsopromote the popular literature that is not scholarly insightful. The Neo-Charismatic leadersundermine the formal theological training, since they claim to be taught by the Holy Spirit.

  20. Commercialisation of theological education as a challenge in the Neo-Pentecostal Charismatic churches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kelebogile T. Resane

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Commercialisation, technology, and globalisation impact all facets of religion.Commercialisation of religion contributes towards society’s obsession with success. One areathrough which commercialisation manifests itself is in theological education. This isexacerbated by the celebrity cult whereby the leader’s success is measured by wealthyappearance. The current legal accreditation requirements put pressure on the Neo-PentecostalCharismatic ministerial formation. The online courses come at a high price, as they alsopromote the popular literature that is not scholarly insightful. The Neo-Charismatic leadersundermine the formal theological training, since they claim to be taught by the Holy Spirit.

  1. Youth Unemployment in South Africa: A Theological reflection Through the Lens of Human Dignity

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    Cloete, Anita

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article pays attention to Youth unemployment as one of the most serious socio-economic challenges in South Africa. The nature of unemployment in South Africa is followed by a discussion on the interconnectedness between unemployment and poverty. The psychological and theological meaning of work is discussed in short, followed by the psychological effect of unemployment. In order to indicate how unemployment undermines human dignity, certain theological themes on human dignity are outlined. The final section explores ways in which the church could assist in affirming human dignity in the context of unemployment.

  2. �Moving in Circles� � a Sankofa�Kairos theology of inclusivity and accountability rooted in Trinitarian theology as a resource for restoring the liberating legacy of The Circle of Concerned African Women Theologians

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nontando M. Hadebe

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Mercy Amba Oduyoye�s untitled poem about a circle sets the context for the renewal of the legacy of The Circle of Concerned African Women Theologians (The Circle at a time when The Circle seems to be moving in circles of uncertainty lacking a clear unified focus. Oduyoye describes a circle as eternal, expansive, evolving and sustained by self-critique, accountability, inclusiveness and connectedness to the reality around it. This continuous movement is expressed in the concept of Sankofa�Kairos which is rooted in the past and radically responsive to the present. This �backward�forward� theological method is critical for The Circle to remain true to its mission as a liberating theological and cultural voice for women and other oppressed groups. In contemporary contexts where oppression is pervasive and includes all groups, an inclusive gender paradigm as well as accountability to oppressed groups is critical for the renewal of The Circle. Trinitarian theology provides a model for liberating relationships characterised by equality, difference, mutuality, communion and oneness. Thus, it will be argued that Trinitarian theology provides theological resources for Sankofa�Kairos theologies for The Circle that will be inclusive and accountable to all oppressed groups. This will contribute to the restoration of The Circle as a critical contributor to liberation theologies in Africa.Intradisciplinary and/or interdisciplinary implications: This article proposes Sankofa�Kairos methodology based on the dual legacies of The Circle of Concerned African Women Theologians and The Kairos Document as the starting point for developing accountable and inclusive liberation theologies rooted in Social Models of the Trinity that could respond to the multiple challenges emerging from the African context.Keywords: Sankofa; Kairos; gender; African-women theologies; accountability;inclusivity; masculinities

  3. Theologia and the Ideologica of Language: The calling of a theology ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2017-08-22

    Aug 22, 2017 ... a theology and religion faculty in a time of populism. Read online: Scan this ... In the ancient Greek understanding of justice, dikē, justice was understood as ..... halo round his head' (Kearney 2010:43). The call is there again, ...

  4. The Theology of Eckankar: Its Critique and Study Based on the Islamic Teachings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahmoudi, Abdolreza

    2017-01-01

    The present paper deals with theology from the point of view of the school of Eckankar and its critique based on the Islamic teachings. Three major topics are probed into in the school of Eckankar, i.e. the definition of religion, the origin of religion, and exclusiveness. On the topic of the definition of religion, Eckankar essentially regards as…

  5. A critical review of concepts in liberation theology: A recipe for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The word liberation, having is general and technical usage has now attached itself to movements, the theology of liberation from the 20th century. No abstract approach is needed in a complete study of this nature, because since humans are involved, aspects of social sciences and historical approach must apply in sourcing ...

  6. Interpreting the theology of Barth in light of Nietzsche's dictum “God ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Karl Barth responded with his theology to Nietzsche's dictum “God is dead” by stating that God is the living God. God does not need the human race to exist. God reveals God self to humankind whenever God wills. Barth agreed with Nietzsche that the god of the nineteenth century was a “Nicht-Gott”. The article aims to ...

  7. Theology: Still a queen of science in the post-modern era

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    Erna Oliver

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Theology is just as relevant today as it was in the time of Aquinas who called theology ‘the queen of science’ although the knowledge-driven network society does not seem to be in agreement. By using the tools provided by the fourth revolution in the development of society, theology can, as part of the academic world of higher education that is supposed to lead society, strengthen ties with the past, seek explanations and solutions to current problems and produce guidelines for future investigation through multi- and interdisciplinary discourse. Theology can and should influence people to become positive change agents, re-shape the way in which the message of salvation is brought to the world in order to stay relevant in changing circumstances and be on the forefront of progressive transformation in society. This should be achieved through constant dialogue with other academic disciplines, the Church as institution and with society in general.

  8. The influence of John Calvin’s theology on the World Council of Churches

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    G.M.J. van Wyk

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the question whether any traces of Calvin’s theological views on church unity can be found in the purpose statements and goals of the World Council of Churches (WCC. Although no direct influence of Calvin’s theology on the work of the WCC can be proved, the structure and content of Calvin’s thought on church unity can be recognised in the statements and work of the WCC. Calvin believed that true church unity is not in the first place a unity of church structures, but one of truth, love, hope and confession. The ecumenical movement is in agreement with Calvin in this regard.  The ecumenical movement and the World Council of Churches are products of modern culture. The ecumenical movement could not have developed in a world that is not tolerant and where the free use of reason is not one of the core values of society. The ecumenical movement is also the natural answer to the problem of religious division that pre-modern Europe left us with. After a brief description of the World Council of Church- es as a modern institution the influence of Calvin’s theology on the theology of the World Council of Churches is explored.

  9. The development of orthodox theological education in Ukraine: a retrospective analysis

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    V. M. Popovych

    2014-04-01

    Therefore, Orthodox education is characterized by patristic heritage and an oral tradition of pastoral, spiritual formation. Modern concepts of education in the discourse of modernization and reform of the church and secular relations indicate a strengthening of social theological education, part of which is the social teaching of the Orthodox Church.

  10. A Biblical-Theological Model of Cognitive Dissonance Theory: Relevance for Christian Educators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowen, Danny Ray

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this content analysis research was to develop a biblical-theological model of Cognitive Dissonance Theory applicable to pedagogy. Evidence of cognitive dissonance found in Scripture was used to infer a purpose for the innate drive toward consonance. This inferred purpose was incorporated into a model that improves the descriptive…

  11. God as burden: A theological reflection on art, death and God in the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The image and the desire for meaning merge in Dumas' paintings. The painting itself becomes an autonomous 'desire machine', according to Zwagerman. In this article, a (practical) theological reading of Zwagerman's own posthumously published volume of poetry, 'Wakend over God' (2016), is presented, with a specific ...

  12. Re-thinking the role of theology in higher education: striving for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Since the first democratic elections of1994 every area of life in South Africa has been undergoing transformation. Higher education has not been exempt from this process. Within this context there have been attempts to minimise and sometimes, eliminate theology departments and faculties from institutions of higher ...

  13. Mis-Education: A Recurring Theme? Transforming Black Religious and Theological Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Almeda M.

    2017-01-01

    Educating ministers and religious educators with the skills to connect with a variety of congregations and communities is a difficult task. Looking specifically at theological and religious education with African Americans, there are historical criticisms of "mis-education." "Mis-education" defined by Carter G. Woodson…

  14. Adorno and Horkheimer: Diasporic Philosophy, Negative Theology, and Counter-Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gur-Ze'ev, Ilan

    2010-01-01

    The later Horkheimer presents mature Critical Theory as a Jewish Negative Theology. This change carries major educational implications hegemonic critical pedagogy has not yet dared to address until now and much less in the present era of the new anti-Semitism as the meta-narrative of the progressive circles. In Horkheimer's work the change from a…

  15. Religion, theology and the social sciences in a society in transition

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    Etienne de Villiers

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available The societal changes introduced with the advent of the new political dispensation in South Africa in 1994 brought with them serious consequences for the different religions and for the academic disciplines devoted to the study of religion. This includes disciplines such as theology and religious studies, as well as those social sciences with an academic interest in religion as influential societal factor. The second part of the article presents a brief survey of the impact of these societal changes on religion, particularly the Christian religion, and the academic disciplines of theology, religious studies and the social sciences. An outline of the position and role of religion and the academic disciplines of theology, religious studies and the social sciences in the apartheid society from which South Africa is evolving, is used as point of departure in the first part of the article. The third part of the article ventures beyond mere description of the position and role of religion and the different academic disciplines involved with the study of religion. It aims to make out a case that in the New South Africa religion and academic disciplines exclusively devoted to the study of religion, such as theology, need the social sciences.

  16. TOWARDS A PASTORAL CHURCH. I The term “pastoral theology ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    work, missions, mental health and cult life. Pastoral theology today has come into an embarassing .... these new sects and cults, which express themselves in books, in movies and television, on the stage, in journals, and in new human .... mind and serving spirit. Only the love of God can deliver men from self-love and set ...

  17. Ecclesia Reformata semper Reformanda: A convergent approach to science and theology may reinforce Scriptural authority

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    Andr� C. Pieterse

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to debate the relationship between a convergent approach to the sciences and Scriptural authority. The thesis is that a multi-disciplinary convergent methodology may be beneficial in the current apologetical debate about the relevance of Scripture. This line of thought is also in compliance with the ideals of the protestant reformation. We will assess this view by investigating the possible consonance between scientific perspectives and theological confessions of what it means to be human. Subsequently the focus will shift to the impact consonance might have on the different interpretations of the creation narratives in Genesis. In conclusion, we will state the case for a convergent approach to the sciences, and the benefits with regard to Scriptural authority.Intradisciplinary and/or interdisciplinary implications: This study would not have been possible without extensive intradisciplinary and interdisciplinary research. The subject matter imposes on the researcher the necessity to make use of knowledge from across the theological spectrum. It compels the various subjects within the theological encyclopedia to take note of any new research and incorporate it. In addition, it dispels the myth that natural science and theology have little in common. From a holistic perspective on creation the need for continuous interaction between the sciences is imperative.

  18. Research Paradigms and Their Use and Importance in Theological Inquiry and Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mittwede, Steven K.

    2012-01-01

    A survey and analysis of four major research paradigms--positivism, postpositivism, critical theory and constructivism--reveal that all have been applied effectively in recent theological inquiry. Although these paradigms might resemble worldviews to some extent, they are not so all-encompassing. Rather, they are essentially matrices of deeply…

  19. Spiritual and Bodily Freedom : Christian Liberty in Early Modern Reformed Theology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van den Belt, Henk

    2015-01-01

    The notion of Christian liberty is essential for the understanding of the Reformed concept of the law. Early modern protestant theology, however, made a sharp distinction between spiritual and bodily liberty. This distinction originated from Luther’s concept of the two kingdoms. It enabled John

  20. Teaching and Learning Theology and Religion at the University of Botswana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Togarasei, Lovemore

    2015-01-01

    This essay is part of a collection of short essays solicited from authors around the globe who teach religion courses at the college level (not for professional religious training). They are published together with an introduction in "Teaching Theology and Religion" 18:3 (July 2015). The authors were asked to provide a brief overview of…

  1. Trigger Warnings, Covenants of Presence, and More: Cultivating Safe Space for Theological Discussions about Sexual Trauma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crumpton, Stephanie M.

    2017-01-01

    Sexual assault is prevalent, but many educators find themselves ill-prepared to address it in the classroom. This article conceptualizes a trauma sensitive pedagogy that engages the psychological, social, and theological implications of sexual assault for classroom conversations about sex and sexuality. First, the article examines the impact of…

  2. THE WEST AND BYZANTIUM. ESSAY ON THE POLITICAL THEOLOGY OF THE GREAT CLASH

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    Wojciech Buchner

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The present paper tries to give a general answer to the question of how did the breach between the Byzantine and Latin Church come about. The author seeks to describe this process from the point of view of the political theology; this could be very helpful in such a presentation of the problem because the theological premises of the Western and Eastern thought come to be very important in understanding the schism: both of them do have and effect on the different views of mutual relations between spiritual and secular powers, between the Altar and the Throne. What comes into prominence in the context of this historical clash has to be examined as the question of the primacy, the theological Filioque formula, the power of the emperor sway over to Byzantine Church, the understanding of the Church as a corpus misticum and politicum, the significance of the cannon law, etc. The author draws conclusion that the Byzantine Church turned out to be much more docile that its Western brother in the face of imperial power and also to much attached to the theological subtilities, even in the front of the Turkish threat, as to be able to become reconciled with the West. On the other hand, the article emphasizes the significance of the fight, which the Latin Church had to wage in order to get independence of the secular power by means of the canon law.

  3. (Un)Making Violence through Media Literacy and Theological Reflection: Manichaeism, Redemptive Violence, and Hollywood Films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalton, Russell W.

    2015-01-01

    This article models an exercise in media literacy and theological reflection by identifying the Manichean worldview and redemptive violence prevalent in many Hollywood studio films and exploring some of the reasons these stories are told so often. Filmmaker interviews and commentaries reveal ways in which many filmmakers feel compelled by film's…

  4. Tweeting dignity: A practical theological reflection on Twitter’s normative function

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    Jan Albert Van den Berg

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Social media makes an important contribution to a rapidly changing world in which various domains of meaning are described anew. The evolving nature and dynamic character of social media therefore provides for a rich praxis terrain with which to interact from a practical theological orientation. More specifically associated with the theme of this contribution, the social media sphere also provides an excellent space not only to rethink but also to reenact expressions of dignity in society. The research is facilitated from a practical theological orientation, with particular focus on a normative dimension as embodied in aspects of dignity. Through the use of an interdisciplinary approach and methodology, some contours of dignity specifically associated with South African politics as well as the so-called Charlie Hebdo attacks in 2015 in Paris expressed on the social media platform, Twitter, are described and discussed. From this empirical analysis, description and discussion, a practical theological reflection is offered in which aspects of dignity associated with a normativity function are described. Some practical theological perspectives contributing to future relevant tweeting on dignity are also formulated and provided in conclusion.

  5. Theology Lectures as Lexical Environments: A Case Study of Technical Vocabulary Use

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lessard-Clouston, Michael

    2010-01-01

    This article presents a descriptive case study on the use of technical vocabulary in the lectures of a first-year graduate theology course in Canada. It first contextualizes this research by noting four kinds of English vocabulary and the study of classrooms as lexical environments. Next it outlines the study's methodology, including the…

  6. A History of Critical Thinking as an Educational Goal in Graduate Theological Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Florence, D. Christopher

    2014-01-01

    The development of critical thinking skills among learners is a common educational goal across graduate theological schools. The purpose of this article is to provide a survey of some of the primary historical influences of the critical thinking movement in higher education in the United States and the movement's impact on graduate…

  7. “God and the gods”: Faith and human-made idols in the theology of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The First Commandment opened his eyes to see the idols, worldviews, ideologies and evil of his lifetime. The First Commandment is always in the background of his theology that concentrates on God's revelation in Jesus Christ. Only two of his lectures specifically concentrated on the First Commandment, only one of which ...

  8. A Study of the Objectives for the Theological Preparation of Lutheran Church Missouri Synod Elementary Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rockrohr, Deborah L.

    2013-01-01

    This study examined current practice in the area of theological preparation for Lutheran elementary teachers of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod (LCMS). As a church body with a well-defined doctrine, the LCMS requires a particular preparation for all ordained and commissioned workers placed on its official roster. A historical review of archival…

  9. Antecedent Factors Affecting Academic Performance of Graduate Students at the Nairobi Evangelical Graduate School of Theology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mbogo, Rosemary Wahu

    2016-01-01

    This paper reports the findings of a Master's level thesis work that was done in 1997 to assess the antecedent factors affecting the academic performance of graduate students at the Nairobi Evangelical School of Theology (N.E.G.S.T.), which is currently Africa International University (AIU). The paper reviews the effect of lack of finance on…

  10. Practical Theology as part of the landscape of Social Sciences and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2013-03-07

    Mar 7, 2013 ... Original Research http://www.hts.org.za doi:10.4102/hts.v69i2.1299. Practical Theology as part of the landscape of Social. Sciences and Humanities – A transversal perspective. At the University of Pretoria the author, a practical theologian, experiences a fruitful soil for the development of an interdisciplinary ...

  11. the art of creating futures – practical theology and a strategic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    the human species, one that Wolfhart Pannenberg (1985) in his theological ... most animals cannot. This includes centrally their relation to the future. Because the future is indeed in many ways open and should be seen more as a series of ... the here and now house the action programs or plans for future behavior.

  12. Counselor and Theological Identity Formation and the Ethic of Inclusion for Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Clients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Joanne

    2014-01-01

    This qualitative study used interpretative phenomenological analysis to examine how Christian counselors-in-training engaged their theological beliefs about sexual orientation in relation to the Code of Ethics of the American Counseling Association (ACA). The ACA Code of Ethics requires counselors to refrain from imposing their personal values on…

  13. On the state of the debate in ecological theology : review essay ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This review essay assesses the state of the debate on a Christian Ecological Theology with specific reference to the important volume of essays Christianity and ecology: seeking the well-being of earth and humans edited by Dieter Hessel and Rosemary Ruether (2000). It also reflects on the future agenda for an ecological ...

  14. Practicing a Good Life: Three Case Studies from the Programs for the Theological Exploration of Vocation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sutphen, Molly

    2014-01-01

    The Lilly Endowment's Programs for the Theological Exploration of Vocation offered a range of educational activities and opportunities for students, faculty, and staff to reflect on and discern their values, beliefs, and goals across a wide spectrum of collegiate life. Tim Clydesdale has found that these opportunities were of much value to those…

  15. Neuroscience, Christian Theology, and a Fuller Understanding of the Human Person

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flaman, Paul

    2011-01-01

    The author's specialization as a Christian theologian is in the combined area of morality and spirituality. The focus of his teaching and research has been in the areas of bioethics; the theology of sexuality, marriage, and the family; and Christian spirituality. In his research he came across several authors who advocated some positions different…

  16. Calvin’s Theology of Creation and Providence. God’s Care and Human Fragility

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Kooi, C.

    2016-01-01

    This article describes some of the basic elements of John Calvin's theology of creation and providence by situating them within a trinitarian framework. By using metaphors such as mirror, theatre and garment, Calvin pictured the earth as a generous gift of the Creator within which God shows his

  17. TWO DIFFERENT DISCOURSES: POLITICAL THEOLOGY AND POLITICAL RELIGION IN THE CONTEXT OF SECULARISATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dumitru-Daniel TINCU

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available In the current context, religion has become a central subject for many philosophers and political scientists as a result of the secularisation phenomenon developed in the twentieth century. Although the theorists have divided opinions on the implications of post-modernism, there is a commonly accepted position on a form of justification for the state through religion. The article articulates the fact that all the political concepts are secularised theological concepts. The relationship between religion and politics – divinity and power – will allow the reconstruction of the theological-political construct. There is an ambiguity when referring to this subject, confusing political theology with political religion. From this reasoning, the present article tries to identify the differences between political theology and political religion, discourses debated in European political and social thinking. This approach is relevant because the political role of religion continues to develop increasingly complex discourses, but, at the same time, with a direct impact on the concept of power inside the state.

  18. A European (German View on Comparative Theology: Dialogue with My Own Past

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ulrich Dehn

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available For the last couple of years, particularly after the publication of the (German book “Comparative Theology” by Bernhold Reinhardt and Klaus von Stosch, there was a significant attentiveness of this subject amongst German scholars. For many, it was the long anticipated antithesis/alternative to the pluralist theology of religions, even if it had not been devised explicitly to serve as such an alternative. For others, it has been an appropriate way to express their desire for a substantial interreligious dialogue in a theologically responsible way. This paper tries to review some of the major German contributions (being read alongside international ones and reactions to Comparative Theology and to search for the motive behind its sudden popularity in some circles. It will also try to reconstruct the possibilities for Comparative Theology within the wider setting of the process and development of religious traditions as they grow and change in never-ending interaction and communication within the history of religions, ideas and society.

  19. Teaching the Millennial Generation in the Religious and Theological Studies Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bauman, Whitney; Marchal, Joseph A.; McLain, Karline; O'Connell, Maureen; Patterson, Sara M.

    2014-01-01

    This essay provides an overview of the distinctive challenges presented to teaching and learning in religious and theological studies by the conditions and characteristics of "millennial" students. While the emerging literature on this generation is far from consistent, it is still instructive and important to engage, as students that…

  20. The importance of life and faith histories in the methodology of Practical Theology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bons-Storm, Riet

    2002-01-01

    The basic questions of Practical Theology concern the development of a community of faith built on, and building the faithful lives of its members in their particular contexts. This article is an exploration of the biographical method - as a means of qualitative empirical research - to obtain data

  1. Marriage in the theology of Martin Luther – worldly yet sacred: An ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    p1243322

    Johan Buitendag. Department of Dogmatics and Christian Ethics. University of Pretoria. Abstract ... dialectic of Law and Gospel should never be dispensed. Marriage is necessary as a remedy for lust, .... theology and Canon Law. As far as marriage is concerned, we can call it a period of increasing sanctification, in terms of.

  2. Tweeting dignity: A practical theological reflection on Twitter’s normative function

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Albert Van den Berg

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Social media makes an important contribution to a rapidly changing world in which various domains of meaning are described anew. The evolving nature and dynamic character of social media therefore provides for a rich praxis terrain with which to interact from a practical theological orientation. More specifically associated with the theme of this contribution, the social media sphere also provides an excellent space not only to rethink but also to reenact expressions of dignity in society. The research is facilitated from a practical theological orientation, with particular focus on a normative dimension as embodied in aspects of dignity. Through the use of an interdisciplinary approach and methodology, some contours of dignity specifically associated with South African politics as well as the so-called Charlie Hebdo attacks in 2015 in Paris expressed on the social media platform, Twitter, are described and discussed. From this empirical analysis, description and discussion, a practical theological reflection is offered in which aspects of dignity associated with a normativity function are described. Some practical theological perspectives contributing to future relevant tweeting on dignity are also formulated and provided in conclusion.

  3. Reading Three Israeli Bat/Bar Mitzvah Curricula as Gender, Theological, and Autobiographical Texts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bacon, Brenda Socachevsky

    2008-01-01

    This article analyzes three curricula for the bat/bar-mitzvah year of the public religious, Tali and public schools in Israel. It compares their views on gender and theology, and throws light on the intersection of gender, religion and education in Israeli society. It shows how the messages of the public religious and public schools serve to…

  4. Personal Epistemology of Psychology, Theology and Pharmacy Students: A Comparative Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaartinen-Koutaniemi, Minna; Lindblom-Ylanne, Sari

    2008-01-01

    This study examines interdisciplinary differences in final-year psychology, pharmacy and theology students' academic thinking and personal epistemology. The semi-structured interviews (n = 52) were analysed using content analysis to assess students' individual perspectives of the cognitive process of thinking, knowing and reasoning. The three…

  5. Making a Theist out of Darwin: Asa Gray's Post-Darwinian Natural Theology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell Hunter, T.

    2012-07-01

    In March of 1860 the eminent Harvard Botanist and orthodox Christian Asa Gray began promoting the Origin of Species in hopes of securing a fair examination of Darwin's evolutionary theory among theistic naturalists. To this end, Gray sought to demonstrate that Darwin had not written atheistically and that his theory of evolution by natural selection had not presented any new scientific or theological difficulties for traditional Christian belief. From his personal correspondence with the author of the Origin, Gray well knew that Darwin did not affirm God's "particular" design of nature but conceded to the possibility that evolution proceeded according to "designed laws." From this concession, Gray attempted to develop a post-Darwinian natural theology which encouraged theistic naturalists to view God's design of nature through the evolutionary process in a manner similar to the way in which they viewed God's Providential interaction with human history. Indeed, securing a fair reading of the Origin was not Gray's sole aim as a promoter of Darwinian ideas. In Darwin's theory of natural selection, Gray believed he had discovered the means by which a more robust natural theological conception of the living and evolving natural world could be developed. In this paper I outline Gray's efforts to produce and popularize a theistic interpretation of Darwinian theory in order to correct various misconceptions concerning Gray's natural theological views and their role in the Darwinian Revolution.

  6. Engaging Diversity in Teaching Religion and Theology: An Intercultural, De-Colonial Epistemic Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andraos, Michel Elias

    2012-01-01

    This essay explores new ways of engaging diversity in the production of knowledge in the classroom using coloniality as an analytical lens. After briefly engaging some of the recent literature on coloniality, focusing on the epistemic dimension, the author uses the example of teaching a course on religion, culture, and theology, where he employs…

  7. Sketching the Contours of the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning in Theology and Religion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Killen, Patricia O'Connell; Gallagher, Eugene V.

    2013-01-01

    This article argues that there is an identifiable scholarship of teaching and learning in theology and religion that, though varied in its entry points and forms, exhibits standards of excellence recognizable in other forms of scholarship. Engaging in this scholarship enhances a professor's possession of practice and often reveals insights into…

  8. Polarity: The theology of anti-Judaism in Ephrem the Syrian's hymns ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    century Syrian theologian Ephrem is investigated. This polarity is found to be polemical against the Jews. But since polarity is a constant feature in the work of Ephrem which serves to communicate his theological frame of mind, the question is ...

  9. Interpreting the theology of Barth in light of Nietzsche's dictum “God ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    UPuser

    Abstract. Karl Barth responded with his theology to Nietzsche's dictum “God is dead” by stating that God is the living God. God does not need the human race to exist. God reveals God self to humankind whenever God wills. Barth agreed with Nietzsche that the god of the nineteenth century was a “Nicht-Gott”. The article ...

  10. Eternal Damnation: A Reply to Karori Mbugua's “Gentler Theology of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article is a reply to Karori Mbugua's article titled “The Problem of Hell Revisited: Towards a Gentler Theology of Hell” (Thought and Practice: A Journal of the Philosophical Association of Kenya, New Series, Vol.3 No.2, December 2011, pp.93-103). The present article does not in any way seek to argue for or against the ...

  11. Responses to "Sketching the Contours of the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning in Theology and Religion"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Locklin, Reid B.; Robinson, Joanne Maguire; Pence, Nadine S.

    2013-01-01

    The three short essays collected in this manuscript respond to Patricia O'Connell Killen and Eugene V. Gallagher's "Sketching the Contours in the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning in Theology and Religion," published in issue 16, no. 2 of this journal (2013). See additional responses by Charles R. Foster, Stephen Brookfield,…

  12. Learning as Leaving Home: Fear, Empathy, and Hospitality in the Theology and Religion Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleming, Daniel; Lovat, Terence

    2015-01-01

    The article is a response to this journal's call for papers on metaphors for teaching, and also draws from a previous publication in which Kent Eilers developed a methodology for teaching global theologies. In this methodology, the ultimate goal was the development of "hermeneutical dispositions of empathy, hospitality, and receptivity toward…

  13. A Black Theological Response to Race-Based Medicine: Reconciliation in Minority Communities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Kirk A

    2017-06-01

    The harm race-based medicine inflicts on minority bodies through race-based experimentation and the false solutions a race-based drug ensues within minority communities provokes concern. Such areas analyze the minority patient in a physical proxy. Though the mind and body are important entities, we cannot forget about the spirit. Healing is not just a physical practice; it includes spiritual practice. Efficient medicine includes the holistic elements of the mind, body, and spirit. Therefore, the spiritual discipline of black theology can be used as a tool to mend the harms of race-based medicine. It can be an avenue of research to further particular concerns for justice in medical care . Such theology contributes to the discussion of race-based medicine indicating the need for the voice, participation, and interdependence of minorities. Black theology can be used as a tool of healing and empowerment for health equity and awareness by exploring black theology's response to race-based medicine, analyzing race in biblical literature, using biblical literature as a tool for minority patient empowerment, building on past and current black church health advocacy with personal leadership in health advocacy.

  14. Pedagogical Imagination in the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning in Theology and Religion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foster, Charles R.

    2013-01-01

    Patricia Killen and Eugene Gallagher make a strong case for "constructive possibilities" in the scholarship of teaching and learning theology and religion. They clarify its relationship and hence its contributions to the larger discussion of the scholarship of teaching and learning in higher education, identify operative standards and procedures…

  15. Rethinking English phyisco-theology: Samuel Parker's Tentamina de Deo (1665).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levitin, Dmitri

    2014-01-01

    Recent historiography has claimed that a radically new, non-dogmatic physico-theology gained prominence with, and simultaneously promoted, the new science. This article challenges this view by focusing on an important physico-theological work by the young Oxford cleric Samuel Parker, published in 1665. It received a glowing review in the first volume of the Philosophical Transactions and gained its author election to the Royal Society, yet has been almost entirely ignored by modern scholars. Parker's work demonstrates both how easily the pious rhetoric of the naturalists could be incorporated into the traditional--largely humanist--knowledge gained by a typical M.A. student in mid-seventeenth-century England. Moreover, far from being non-dogmatic, Parker's physico-theology culminated in a remarkable deployment of the new philosophy (specifically Thomas Willis's neurology) to explain scriptural passages referring to God's passions. Parker believed himself not to be doing something radically new, but to be working in the traditions of scholastic theology. At the same time, his work was one of the most important conduits for the early English reception of both Descartes and Gassendi.

  16. The art of creating futures – Practical theology and a strategic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper explores a futures perspective for practical theology. Although there are some examples of a future orientation, a systematic futures perspective has not been developed. Building on futures studies (including predictive studies on foresight and design and architecture studies), the authors propose a ...

  17. "Major" Changes toward Philosophy and Theology: Interpreting a Recent Trend for Millennials in Catholic Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horan, Daniel P.; Cidade, Melissa A.

    2011-01-01

    This study examines emerging trends among those members of the Millennial generation who have dedicated a significant portion of their young-adult lives to the study of philosophy and theology at Catholic colleges and universities. Our analyses suggest that the number and percentage of Millennial undergraduates who earned degrees in philosophy or…

  18. A Critical evaluation of the understanding of God in JS Mbiti's theology

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article investigates how Mbiti articulates the theological reflections on the understanding of God from an African perspective. Mbiti systematises data of the African concepts of God in a set of Western Christian doctrinal systems. He presupposes a continuity between the Christian and the African concepts of God, and ...

  19. A Theology of Resistance in Conversation with Religious Education in Unmaking Violence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim-Cragg, HyeRan

    2015-01-01

    This article attempts to develop a practical theology of resistance for religious education. It is inspired by the struggle of indigenous people in Guatemala in their memorialization of the Rio Negro Massacre in Guatemala, celebrations of International Women's Day, and the creation of a school for survivors of the violence surrounding Rio Negro.…

  20. A historical overview of the study of the theology of religions

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    intention was to drive the Muslims from the Holy Land and seize pilgrim centres from. Muslim control. A few of ... The theology of Thomas Aquinas (12th century) contributed hugely to the Christian expression of relationship ... principles on the Church's relationship with non-Christian religions, based on Thomas. Aquinas' ...

  1. The Interest of Reason Is To Go Without God : Jacobi’s Polemic Against Philosophical Theology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jonkers, P.H.A.I.

    2014-01-01

    Jacobi’s polemics against philosophical theology is meant to show that neither Spinoza, nor Kant, nor Fichte nor Schelling have been able to think God as a person, that is as a free, intelligent being. In order to elucidate Jacobi’s position I focus on two less well-known texts of his, viz., A Few

  2. Theology amongst the sciences: A personal view from the University of Oxford

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susan E. Gillingham

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The paper focuses on two individuals who have each made a seminal contribution to the debates between theology and the sciences in Oxford - Charles Darwin (in the mid�19th century, and Richard Dawkins (from the 1990s to the present day. It introduces Darwin by way of a more personal and visual view from Worcester College Chapel. The restoration of the chapel took place at about the same time as the debates between Huxley and Wilberforce in the Oxford University Museum over Charles Darwin�s On the Origin of the Species. The first part of the paper then traces these debates back: first to an earlier period of disputation represented by Galileo Galilei (c. 1564�1642, and then to a period of greater accommodation represented by Isaac Newton (1643�1727. Darwin represents a third, more controversial, stage. The paper then looks at a fourth period, from the mid�20th century onwards, which is marked by more eirenical attempts to demarcate science and theology by seeing the former again as asking the �how� questions and the latter, the �why� questions. It then focuses on a fifth, more disputatious stage, which was initiated by Richard Dawkins, professor in the Public Understanding of Science until 2008. Professor Dawkins challenges the idea that theology cannot be studied, because its focus is a non-existent object, �God�.The second part of the paper looks at various Oxford projects and Oxford theologians who have risen to this contemporary challenge. They include the work of the Ian Ramsey Centre; Justin Barret�s and John Trigg�s joint � 2 million project, supported by the John Templeton foundation, which examines scientific ideas about religion and the mind; Richard Harries, Bishop of Oxford from 1987 to 2006, who has conducted a number of media interviews with Richard Dawkins; Keith Ward, who has written several books engaging not only with Dawkins but is also the Cambridge Professor of Mathematics, Stephen Hawking; and

  3. For coming out of the closets: HIV and AIDS and Theology in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Musskopf, André

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The HIV and AIDS epidemic arrived in Brazil as a gay cancer, a narrative created mostly through the media before actual cases were diagnosed. This narrative has remained strong and powerful maintaining the stigma and discrimination against people with HIV and AIDS. Any truthful and honest theological or church response to the epidemic will have to deal with this ghost even when the focus is moved from the LGBT community to speak of other vulnerable subjects and groups. The first part of this article shows how the gay cancer narrative was constructed in the context of an emerging homosexual movement and major political changes in the country. The second part of the article presents some of the responses in the field of religion in the Brazilian context, how they reinforced the gay cancer narrative, but also how more positive answers were given, especially in the early years of the epidemic. It also makes explicit the virtual absence of a systematic theological reflection, even in the context of Latin American Liberation Theology, mostly because of the difficulty in dealing with structural issues that deepen and make more complex class and economic poverty. The third part of the article reports the creation and reactions to the HIV and AIDS prevention campaign Not even the Saint protects you Use condom in the context of the 15th S Paulo GLBT Pride Parade in 2011. The fourth and final part makes some theological remarks emerging from the narrative of the advertising campaign in the search for an out of the closet theology in the context of the HIV and AIDS epidemic.

  4. From the works of the Faculty of the History of the Church at the Papal Theological Academy, 1981-1989

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanisław Piech

    1989-12-01

    Full Text Available The Pontifical Academy of Theology in Krakow was established by Pope John Paul II's motu proprio "Beata Hedvigis" of 8 December 1981. "...We hereby establish in perpetuity and erect, by the power of the Scriptures and our solemnity, this Pontifical Academy of Theology in Krakow, granting it rights, honours, privileges and duties held by all such Universities in the Catholic world," wrote the pope in the document. "The Academy, presently composed of three departments, i.e. Holy Theology, Philosophy and Church History, should be governed by the academic law of the Church". /AAS 74:1982 p. 371-372/.

  5. Women’s spirituality and feminist theology: A hermeneutic of suspicion applied to ‘patriarchal marriage’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yolanda Dreyer

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available This article focused on feminist theory, feminist theology, the origins of the patriarchal marriage, and hermeneutics of suspicion. It aimed to provide language for articulating past and present experiences of women from a theological and hermeneutical perspective. The article discussed women’s spirituality and the failure of the patriarchal marriage to nurture self-perception (how I see myself, life orientation (where I am in the world and identity (who am I in the world, with regard to women’s spirituality. The article also gave details about the variety of feminisms that exist in theology both in the past and in the present.

  6. A Preparation for Constructing Technology on Islamic Theology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AliAkbar Velayati

    2015-03-01

    in order to develop Islamic science and technology without explaining the Islamic metaphysic (theology for it from valid religious sources (wisdom and quotes will be superficial and ends to failure. Finally we recommended nine foundations to construct the technological metaphysic on. They are: 1. Noticing the hierarchical role of human being in the world 2. The Tightness between man and the world which he lives on. 3. Considering both the unseen and the visible world and accepting the causality in them. 4. Spreading science and technology. 5. Unity and concomitance of science and technology 6. Strategic and long-term unity between profit-seeking and rightful ends. 7. Denying relativity in principal moral standards and accepting relativity in some secondary matters. 8. The authenticity of deed, intent and belief simultaneously. 9. Bounded authority It's clear that these nine principles are not comprehensive at all, and is only an effort that tries to fit a sea in a bowl.

  7. Fuzzy Epistemology From View Point of Mystical Theology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hadi Vakili

    2012-06-01

    must constantly be borne in mind, if the relationship between God and universe, Reality and appearance, is to be truly understood. It is because of nonexistence that God is described as transcendent (tanzīh, and because of existence that He is known as immanent (tashbīh. The two aspects of God, transcendence and immanence, are summarized for Ibn al-‘Arabī by the Qur’anic verse “There is nothing like Him, and He is the Hearer, the Seer” (42.11. The religious-historians and researchers and alongside them some mystics insist on it and according to it they consider the logic of the call as a function of the two-valued logic (transcendence or immanence. According to this logic one must classify the call of the divine prophets based on their emphasis upon the unity or plurality in three categories of Transcendental calls, Similar calls and Transcendent-Imminent (T-I calls and as a result consider the face of divine religions necessarily either Transcendental or Similar or T-I. Fuzzy logic and thought has in understanding of propositions approaches paradoxes and also, in general of any mystical explanation and analysis.Keywords : Fuzzy logic, transcendence, immanence, fuzzy theology, paradox

  8. A Preparation for Constructing Technology on Islamic Theology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AmirHossain Rahbar

    2015-02-01

    in order to develop Islamic science and technology without explaining the Islamic metaphysic (theology for it from valid religious sources (wisdom and quotes will be superficial and ends to failure. Finally we recommended nine foundations to construct the technological metaphysic on. They are: 1. Noticing the hierarchical role of human being in the world 2. The Tightness between man and the world which he lives on. 3. Considering both the unseen and the visible world and accepting the causality in them. 4. Spreading science and technology. 5. Unity and concomitance of science and technology 6. Strategic and long-term unity between profit-seeking and rightful ends. 7. Denying relativity in principal moral standards and accepting relativity in some secondary matters. 8. The authenticity of deed, intent and belief simultaneously. 9. Bounded authority It's clear that these nine principles are not comprehensive at all, and is only an effort that tries to fit a sea in a bowl.

  9. A theological re-description of the emergence of religion: In conversation with John Calvin on the semen religionis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernst Conradie

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Where does religion come from? This article suggests that this question may be addressed from the perspectives of various disciplines. An investigation of theological re-descriptions of the emergence of religion may provide insights on the relation between theology and the study of religion. The article explores John Calvin’s views on the semen religionis as a case study of such a theological re-description. Calvin’s account is then compared with Karl Barth’s Christological account. It is observed that a fully trinitarian account of the emergence of religion may be required in this regard. The author concludes that any adequate theological account of this question would provide an ultimate perspective on the emergence of religion that cannot be captured under the generic rubric of “religion”. To do so would amount to a form of reductionism.

  10. Care to the human "soul" in contemporary theological theory formation. From "kerygmatics" to "fortigenetics" in a pastoral anthropology

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Louw, D.J

    2010-01-01

    The core problem: whether a theological paradigm in theory formation for a pastoral anthropology, derived from, and coming from the very positivistic stance of orthodoxy, is appropriate for counselling people within...

  11. Preliminary thoughts on the relevance of the research field of cognition for Practical Theology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferdi P. Kruger

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available In this research from the vantage point of Practical Theology, the author focusses on the importance and the possible value of the concept of cognition for further research. The philosophical roots of the concepts of knowledge and understanding are highlighted in a qualitative manner by means of a short selection from the insights of philosophers from the era of the Greek Philosophy to the nineteenth century. The insights of Plato, Aristotle, Thomas Aquinas, Descartes and Kant are utilised. The purpose was to indicate the importance of the concepts of knowing and cognition from an early stage. Research from the field of cognitive science also received attention in this research. The purpose of this discussion is to indicate that cognition is not a mere intellectual activity. Cognition is important in the processes of perspective-making and moral choices. Cognitive distortions could possibly endanger people�s ability to have the right cognition about people, events and life itself. The concept of phronesis, as the concept that comes the nearest to the essence of cognition, is also investigated from the vantage point of Philippians 2:5 and Romans 12:3. Wisdom thinking is really important in research on the acts of people from a practical theological vantage point. Cognition must be regarded as people�s attempt to make sense out what they already know and also out of what they are observing. In the final part of the article, fields for possible further investigation are highlighted in order to make the statement that practical theologians can consider the fact to reclaim the field of investigation on cognition in further research. The importance of cognition for liturgy, homiletics, pastoral care and youth ministry is indicated.Intradisciplinary and/or interdisciplinary implications: This article is undertaken from a practical theological vantage point in order to highlight the importance of the concept of cognition for further research. In

  12. Karl Rahner, Walter Kasper and Hans Kung on the Current State, Problems and Dimensions of Contemporary theology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pilipenko Evgenii

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Political history, philosophy, culture and science of the 19th century came to be very important factors in the development of Christian theology, primarily in Western Europe. Major issues of correlation between modern science, philosophical concepts of the modern period, secular ethics and Christianity led to a revision of many traditional theological concepts. There were suggested new methods of solving urgent theological, pastoral and missionary problems. The Second Vatican Ecumenical Council of Roman Catholic Church represented a vivid and constructive response to contemporary challenges. German theologians were among those who contributed significantly to the dialogue between the Church and modern world. The central fi gure among them was Karl Rahner. Using achievements of modern European thought, especially transcendental and existential philosophy, Rahner made Christian theology tenable for modern historical criticism and placed the person and the experience of faith as a crucial object of theological investigation. It may seem a paradox, but the unity of Catholic dogma in the 20th century came to be established not on the unity of the formal scholastic doctrine, proclaimed straightforwardly by Church magisterium, but on theological pluralism and historical dynamism, as well as on hermeneutical analysis of the dogma and inexpressible mystical experience of Revelation proclaimed by Rahner. Walter Kasper used Rahner’s ideas when he pointed to scientific rigour, ecclesiasticism and willingness to be opened to the world as main features of modern theology. At the same time, he considers it impossible to reject metaphysics and to reduce theology to a number of disparate academic studies. He sees the Holy Scriptures and church tradition as the essential foundation for systematic theology and argues that it is necessary to restore the balance between the freedom of theological investigation and the hierarchical control of Church magisterium

  13. Passing through Customs: Merold Westphal, Richard Kearney, and the Methodological Boundaries between Philosophy of Religion and Theology

    OpenAIRE

    Justin Sands

    2016-01-01

    Continental philosophers of religion and the theologians who engage with them have recently began to blur the lines between the disciplines of philosophy and theology. This is particularly true after the so-called “theological turn” in phenomenology. I argue for an appreciation of their approaches but will also express that these explorations must remain interdisciplinary. Far too often philosophers and theologians alike appropriate freely within their interdisciplinary research with little r...

  14. Transcendental in Hans Urs von Balthasar’s theological aesthetics and its significance for Chinese academic aesthetics

    OpenAIRE

    Peng, Sheng-Yu

    2013-01-01

    This thesis begins a dialogue between Hans Urs von Balthasar’s theological aesthetics and Chinese academic aesthetics. We identify a tension between aesthetics and religion in Chinese academic aesthetics, and argue that a dialogue with von Balthasar’s work has the potential to contribute to the development of Chinese academic aesthetics with regard to overcoming that tension. In order to set a ground for the dialogue, von Balthasar’s theological aesthetics is examined in Par...

  15. Listening to Africa’s children in the process of practical theological interpretation: A South African application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ignatius Swart

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available As part of the theological task of developing a publicly oriented ministry that will do justice to the social plight of children in Africa, this article adopted as its point of departure an appreciation of the new ‘hermeneutics of listening’ that is advanced today by an interdisciplinary movement of scholars from the disciplines of practical theology, theological ethics and religion studies. Emphasising the fact that this new hermeneutics is by and large the result of this scholarly movement’s newly-found engagement with, and exposure to, the social science field of childhood studies, the article moved from a more general appreciation of the new hermeneutical line of thinking to a more pertinent evaluation of the unfolding of this line of thinking in the scholarly context of Africa. In a further development that narrows the African focus to South Africa, the results from a recent empirical investigation amongst members of the South African practical theological academy were discussed in particular to determine the extent of this group’s shift to the new line of thinking. This led the article to make a concluding statement, in the light of its overt practical theological interest, about the way in which the new ‘hermeneutics of listening’ to children could still be seen as an important ongoing challenge, not only for practical theological scholarship in South Africa but also within the larger context of Africa.

  16. The theological responses to the socio-economic activities that undermine water as a resource

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    Thomas Resane

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses, from a theological perspective, on both the ecological crisis and the politico-economic dealings in relation to water – especially with regard to the unsound ways in which governments deal with this resource. Texts are read from an anthropogenic perspective, as opposed to an anthropocentric one. Such a reading scenario calls for responses from theology with regard to the human position in creation. Humans are not a grand master plan of creation, but the completion and fulfilment of it, given an enormous sense of responsibility for the earth. The article argues that the human–earth relation should be understood from the point of responsibility based on solidarity, interdependency and stewardship. Theologians are challenged to embrace eco-ethics.

  17. The theological responses to the socio-economic activities that undermine water as a resource

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Resane

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses, from a theological perspective, on both the ecological crisis and the politico-economic dealings in relation to water – especially with regard to the unsound ways in which governments deal with this resource. Texts are read from an anthropogenic perspective, as opposed to an anthropocentric one. Such a reading scenario calls for responses from theology with regard to the human position in creation. Humans are not a grand master plan of creation, but the completion and fulfilment of it, given an enormous sense of responsibility for the earth. The article argues that the human–earth relation should be understood from the point of responsibility based on solidarity, interdependency and stewardship. Theologians are challenged to embrace eco-ethics.

  18. Tweeting #humanwaste: A practical theological tracing of #humanwaste as a trend on Twitter

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    Jan Albert van den Berg

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Different and divergent facets of human existence are increasingly becoming embodied within a digital domain. The social media platform, Twitter, comprises an important expression of the digital world and social media, but also of popular culture. In a practical theological tracing of the theme of human waste on Twitter, new contents and meaning related to this concept are mapped out in a variety of categories. On the basis of existing and newly developed research methodologies, an exploration is conducted in order to indicate how the digital world can assist in the creation of new empirical realities, hermeneutic outcomes and strategic involvement. In this tracing of human waste as a theme on Twitter,accents of a possible lived spirituality are sounded out and verbalised. It is on the basis of these descriptions that possibilities unfold for new practical theological orientations, both for the present and the future.

  19. Iberian Globalization and the Rise of Catholic Theology of Religions in the XVI Century

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    Enrico Beltramini

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This article provides a synthetic view of the historical and theological components that explain how Catholicism came to understand the great religious systems in Asia as doctrinally inferior during the sixteenth century in response to the discovery/invasion of the “New Worlds” by Iberian Europeans. A strong emphasis on the universal salvific will of God led Catholic theologians to elaborate a doctrine that ultimately altered Catholicism’s understanding of non-Christian religions. The article suggests that the predominant Catholic view of non-Christian religions has been shaped by a specific theological vision that was raised in sixteenth century Southern Europe. In order to sustain its points, the article offers some examples from the history of the Roman Catholic Church in India. Similar to other topics of world history, this one is also bound to contain an approximate degree of accuracy.

  20. The importance of life and faith histories in the methodology of Practical Theology

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    Riet Bons-Storm

    2002-11-01

    Full Text Available The basic questions of Practical Theology concern the development of a community of faith built on, and building the faithful lives of its members in their particular contexts. This article is an exploration of the biographical method – as a means of qualitative empirical research – to obtain data concerning the possibilities of people in their everyday life of coming to an understanding of their particular situation in the light of their understanding of the Christian tradition. This understanding, individual faith develops in conjunction with the particular theological context in which a person lives her/his life. The author chooses to listen to the life and faith histories of people as a feminist. This means that the role gender plays in life and faith, is taken seriously.

  1. Taking up the cudgels against gay rights? Trends and trajectories in African Christian theologies on homosexuality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Klinken, Adriaan S; Gunda, Masiiwa Ragies

    2012-01-01

    Against the background of the HIV epidemic and the intense public controversy on homosexuality in African societies, this article investigates the discourses of academic African Christian theologians on homosexuality. Distinguishing some major strands in African theology, that is, inculturation, liberation, women's and reconstruction theology, the article examines how the central concepts of culture, liberation, justice, and human rights function in these discourses. On the basis of a qualitative analysis of a large number of publications, the article shows that stances of African theologians are varying from silence and rejection to acceptance. Although many African theologians have taken up the cudgels against gay rights, some "dissident voices" break the taboo and develop more inclusive concepts of African identity and African Christianity.

  2. Darwin's foil: the evolving uses of William Paley's Natural Theology 1802-2005.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shapiro, Adam R

    2014-03-01

    This essay traces the divergent readings of William Paley's 1802 Natural Theology from its initial publication to the recent controversies over intelligent design. It argues that the misinterpretation of the Natural Theology as a scientific argument about the origins of complex life-which Darwin's Origin of Species refutes-did not develop all at once. Rather this reading evolved gradually, drawing from a variety of uses and appropriations during the course of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. This study demonstrates the fluidity of "science" and "religion" during these centuries, and highlights the role that genres of science popularization play in altering the meaning of those categories. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Integrating spirituality and rationality the long and arduous journey of the historical development of theological training in the Apostolic Faith Mission of South Africa

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    Marius Nel

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The chequered path of the development of theological training in the Apostolic Faith Mission of South Africa (AFM of SA started with animosity towards any form of training in favour of the presumed equipment provided by the anointment with the Spirit. Later it led to recognition of the need for better training in the form of Bible school equipment for ministering in assemblies. Finally, the need for proper theological training was acknowledged. The composition of the church’s membership and the way it was treated by other denominations influenced the way the Pentecostal Movement defined its stance towards theological training. In this article the AFM of SA’s journey and development of its viewpoint towards theological training will be discussed.Keywords: Theological training, AFM of SA, Bible school, Auckland Park Theological Seminary, North-West University

  4. On polemic use of the conception «West» in orthodox theology in example of G. Florovsky’s neopatristic synthesis

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    Paul Gavrilyuk

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Neopatristic synthesis, often credited to the foundational insights of Georges Florovsky, is the dominant trend of contemporary Eastern Orthodox theology. Thiarticle analyzes theological, cultural, and political context in which Florovksy wrote «The Ways of Russian Theology» as well as his works on the Eastern Fathers, which became foundational for his neopatristic theology. The author investigates the infl uence of the Eurasian polemics against the «west», especially Roman Catholicism, as well as the historiography of O. Spengler and Dogmengeschichte of A. von Harnack upon Florovksy, in his early immigration period (1920–1930. As it is well-known, Florovsky regarded western infl uences upon Russian theology as «pseudomorphosis» of Orthodox theology. As a result, Florovsky tended to reduce «Christian Hellenism» largely to the heritage of the eastern Church Fathers. The author stresses the fact that contemporary Orthodox neopatristics has an isolationist, anti-western character

  5. Implicate and Transgress: Marcella Althaus-Reid, Writing, and a Transformation of Theological Knowledge

    OpenAIRE

    Hofheinz, Hannah L.

    2015-01-01

    Marcella Althaus-Reid sought wherever language or meaning might shift or exceed their possibilities. To do so, she pushed theology from the light into the dark. In the spaces of political, economic, and sexual struggle, she proposed that we encounter the transformative embraces of God’s indecent love. The intimacies of bodies matter in the illicit encounters of dark alleys. Caresses of flesh undress illusions; desires imagine alternatives; and bodies hunger for the unthinkable. Put differentl...

  6. Cosmos, Time and Creation (Remarks to the Philosophical, Theological and Physical Conceptions of Creation

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    P. Zamarovský

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The concept of the beginning of Cosmos appears to be problematic. Not only ancient theological, but also present-day physical approaches evoke many questions. They originate in the definition of time, its dimensionality and its scale. If we accept the Standard Model, all physical processes including processes utilised in clocks (chronometric processes lose their theoretical basis in the vicinity of the initial singularity. The singularity is hidden behind horizon. Does it mean that the singularity did not exist?

  7. FIDES QUAERENS PULCHRUM: PRACTICAL THEOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES ON THE DESIRE FOR BEAUTY

    OpenAIRE

    Johan Cilliers

    2012-01-01

    In this article, the notion of 'desire' is critically interpreted in terms of the classic theological notion of 'quaerens' (as for instance in: fides quaerens intellectum; faith in search of understanding). 'Quaerens' indicates the quest for (or paradox of) something that is not yet attained, although already experienced, here understood as a quest for beauty - fides quaerens pulchrum. The concept of beauty is multi-layered, but traditionally it is viewed in a romanticized sense, as something...

  8. Religion, theology and the social sciences in a society in transition

    OpenAIRE

    Etienne de Villiers

    2004-01-01

    The societal changes introduced with the advent of the new political dispensation in South Africa in 1994 brought with them serious consequences for the different religions and for the academic disciplines devoted to the study of religion. This includes disciplines such as theology and religious studies, as well as those social sciences with an academic interest in religion as influential societal factor. The second part of the article presents a brief survey of the impact of these societal c...

  9. The theological significance of the Isaiah citation in Mark 4:12

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-06-30

    Jun 30, 2016 ... 4:10–12, followed by determining the interpretative effect the explicit citation in Mark 4:12 had on Mark 4:10–12 and its larger literary context (Mk. 4:1–34). This will be followed by concluding remarks and suggestions. The theological significance of the Isaiah citation in Mark 4:12. Read online: Scan this QR.

  10. GOD IS LOVE BUT LOVE IS NOT GOD : Studies on C. S. Lewis's Theology of Love

    OpenAIRE

    Lepojärvi, Jason

    2015-01-01

    C. S. Lewis (1898-1963) was one of the most influential Christian thinkers of the twentieth century with continuing relevance into the twenty-first. Despite growing academic interest in Lewis, many fields of inquiry remain largely unmapped in Lewis scholarship today. This compilation dissertation, consisting of an introductory overview together with four stand-alone but connected essays, extends critical understanding of Lewis's contribution to the theology of love. In three of the four ...

  11. The Dialectic of Faith and Reason in Cornelio Fabro's Reading of Kierkegaard's Theology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furnal, Joshua

    2017-09-01

    This essay explores the impact of Søren Kierkegaard upon the important Italian Thomist, Cornelio Fabro. Fabro rejected the caricature of Kierkegaard as an "irrationalist" and placed him firmly in the Christian tradition. By highlighting the influence of Kierkegaard upon a Thomist like Fabro, the relevance of Fabro's own thought is opened up for more contemporary debates in theology regarding the enduring legacies of German idealism, existentialism, and atheism.

  12. Quality criteria and indicators for research in Theology: What to do with quantitative measures?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martens, S.; Schatz, W.

    2016-07-01

    In the work in progress report we would like to present preliminary results of our research project “Resource-based instrument for describing and evaluating research in the humanities and the social sciences as exemplified by theology”. Using a bottom-up approach that strongly involves the researchers we have worked to define criteria that are fit to adequately describe research (mapping of research activities, description of characteristics of the discipline) and evaluate research quality in theology. (Author)

  13. Teaching Open Distance Learning undergraduates in Theology to become effective change agents

    OpenAIRE

    Erna Oliver

    2013-01-01

    Teaching Theology in the African context presents unique challenges. In general, living conditions in South Africa did not improve much since the first democratic elections were held in 1994. Students have to cope with extreme living conditions whilst also focusing on their distance learning activities. Reflexive research that started in 2010 showed that opportunities could be created to make a greater impact on the students� lives through innovative and interactive study material and teachin...

  14. The meaning of logos in Chiristian Theology and in Islamic A Comparison Study

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    Dr Hosein Atrak

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The properties which were related to Christian Logos in Christian theology are very similar to Mohammadan Reality's properties in Islamic Sufism. The Logos or Christian Reality (as I say, is the term by which Christian theology designates the Word of God, or Second Person of the Trinity. The Gospel of John identifies the Logos, through which all things are made, as divine (theos, and further identifies Jesus as the incarnation of the Logos. The Christian Reality's properties in Christian theology are such: Logos or the Word, God or Second Person of the Trinity, creative of World and all thing in it, an uncreated, immaterial, eternal, everlasting being, cosmic designer, king of cosmos, divine self-revelation. Similarly Mohammadan Reality in Islamic Sufism has most of these properties other than Mohammadan Reality is a created being and The Christ Reality is an uncreated being. Mohammadan Reality is the primary creation of unique God, creative of World and all of the things in it, an immaterial, eternal, everlasting being, cosmic designer, king of cosmos, divine self-revelation, God's Supreme Name, locus of manifestation of the Names and Attributes of Allah.

  15. Faith-to-faith at the bedside: theological and ethical issues in ecumenical clinical chaplaincy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mellon, Brad F

    2003-04-01

    Chaplains who serve in a clinical context often minister to patients representing a wide variety of faiths. In order to offer the best pastoral care possible, the chaplain should first possess a set of personal theological convictions as a foundation for ministry. Second, he or she needs to be sensitive to the beliefs and practices of the patients. Third, it is vital to develop a relationship of acceptance and trust not only with patients under their care, but also with family members and caregivers as well. At times, situations will arise that are purely religious or theological. In a clinical setting, however, the questions and problems that arise more often are both theological and ethical. It is beneficial for the chaplain to be involved in an ethics committee, where the specifics of each case can be discussed, and staff can offer counsel to patients and their families. This study examines issues that chaplains face at the bedside, such as terminal care, life-prolonging treatments, dementia, persistent vegetative state, and euthanasia-assisted suicide. We will discover that those who are involved in clinical pastoral ministry will be called upon to be a comforter, mediator, educator, ethicist, and counselor.

  16. Anthropology of St. Theophan the Recluse and the Origin of First Personalistic Concepts in Russian Theology

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    Khondzinskii Pavel, archpriest

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Studying the development of personalistic ideas in Russian theology, we are led to Kiev school as a starting point in this development. It was Kiev Theological Academy that paid serious attention to the study of philosophy and psychology of the modern period earlier than other religious schools did. The initial features of the school of thought that we deal with first manifested themselves in lectures by St. Innocent of Kherson, rector of Kiev Theological Academy, and in his controversy with Kant. It was the Kiev Academy graduate, Professor V. Karpov, who became the founder of St. Petersburg school of psychology, the representative of which, the future Bishop Michael (Gribanovsky, suggested the first personalistic concept that implied the “double presence” of personality and nature in man. A little later, based on the idea proposed St. Innocent and, independently, by Bishop Michael, V. Nesmelov, a representative of Kazan school, came to similar conclusions and suggested a reinterpretation of the terms person, self and self-consciousness. This inevitably leads to the question how these concepts, mostly generated by new philosophy and psychology, relate to traditional Christian ideas about man. To give the answer, it is important to compare them with the doctrine of another graduate of Kiev Academy, St. Theophan the Recluse. This paper shows that it was him who managed to maintain the balance between traditional ideas and modern anthropological discoveries.

  17. Commodification, decolonisation and theological education in Africa: Renewed challenges for African theologians

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    Nontando M. Hadebe

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The commodification of higher education is a global phenomenon that many argue has reduced education into a product that serves the interests of global capitalism and perpetuates the hegemony of western knowledge. Decolonisation discourses demand for access and an Africanised curriculum constitutes resistance to commodification. Theological education as part of higher education has not escaped commodification. African theologians pioneered resistance against the hegemony of western theologies. However, there are additional factors driving commodification, such as high demand for training, that outstrip supply because of the phenomenal growth of Christianity and rise in Christian consumerism. African theologians therefore need to continue resisting western hegemony and also pursue critical dialogues with decolonisation movements as well as all stakeholders such as churches, government and civil society as resistance to commodification. The inclusive and communitarian methodology of the Theological Colloquium on Church, Religion and Society in Africa will be critically assessed for its potential as a possible model.

  18. The meaning of logos in Chiristian Theology and in Islamic A Comparison Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hosein Atrak

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available The properties which were related to Christian Logos in Christian theology are very similar to Mohammadan Reality's properties in Islamic Sufism. The Logos or Christian Reality (as I say, is the term by which Christian theology designates the Word of God , or Second Person of the Trinity . The Gospel of John identifies the Logos, through which all things are made, as divine ( theos , and further identifies Jesus as the incarnation of the Logos. The Christian Reality's properties in Christian theology are such: Logos or the Word, God or Second Person of the Trinity , creative of World and all thing in it, an uncreated, immaterial, eternal, everlasting being, cosmic designer, king of cosmos, divine self-revelation. Similarly Mohammadan Reality in Islamic Sufism has most of these properties other than Mohammadan Reality is a created being and The Christ Reality is an uncreated being. Mohammadan Reality is the primary creation of unique God, creative of World and all of the things in it, an immaterial, eternal, everlasting being, cosmic designer, king of cosmos, divine self-revelation, God's Supreme Name, locus of manifestation of the Names and Attributes of Allah.

  19. Theology and Threshold: Victorian Approaches to Reviving Choir and Rood Screens

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    Ayla Lepine

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available In 1851, A. W. N. Pugin published an influential treatise on rood screens, intending in his irrepressible polemical style to create further Gothic Revival momentum for inserting these iconographically complex and liturgically vital elements into Roman Catholic and Anglican churches throughout Britain and its empire. In the decades that followed, debates regarding ritual, aesthetics, materials, and Eucharistic theology surrounded the design, presence, and indeed absence of these screens. This interdisciplinary article on the borderlands between architectural history and theology explores what was at stake in the religious symbolism of a small number of diverse screens designed by George Gilbert Scott, George Frederick Bodley, and Ninian Comper, considering them in light of the key writing produced by Pugin at the mid-point of the nineteenth century, as well as by priest–architect Ernest Geldart in the century’s end. This study, together with its three short films that explore the screens’ meanings and histories in situ, charts shifts in theology and style as each architect offered innovative views through delicate latticework of stone, paint, and wood towards the Christian sacred epicentre of the Incarnation and the sacrifice of the Eucharist.

  20. Theological Requirements for Interdisciplinary Research on the Qur’an; Based on Epistemology, Terminology and Methodology

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    H. Shojaei

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The direct bond between the Qur’an and Muslims’ beliefs is one of the important factors, considered to result in a kind of exclusivism in conducting research on the Qur’an on the part of religious scholars in the Islamic tradition of studying the Qur’an. Due to this kind of control, there has always been a restriction as to how the Qur’an must be approached. Thus, the results of these studies have been mainly in accordance with the Islamic beliefs and principles, because the researchers have already been fully familiar with Islam, Islamic theology and the Qur’an. But by the virtue of the changes and developments occurring in science and research and the emergence of interdisciplinary studies and also to avoid exclusivism, a larger number of researchers currently engage in Qur’anic studies. Considering the inevitability of this climate, the sensitivity of research on the Qur’an and necessity of preventing mistakes in this field, it is of great importance to identify theological requirements for Qur’anic study in various fields of research. This article, by focusing on the theological requirements for interdisciplinary research on the Qur’an and using library method, tries to introduce the requirements for this type of research at three levels of epistemology, terminology and methodology so as to develop a proper outline for such research and thus alleviate worries about the results of interdisciplinary Qur’anic studies.