Sample records for tetrahydropyrroles

  1. Exploration of structure and function in biomolecules through solid-state NMR and computational methods (United States)

    Heider, Elizabeth M.

    dephasing experiments and 1H-- 13C heteronuclear correlation (HETCOR) experiments. A comparison of spectral data confirms the presence of two molecules in the asymmetric unit for form II (Z'=2) and regions of conformational variation between the two forms are posited. Structural rigidity is found throughout both forms and extends into the alkyl groups at the amine with similarties between form I and form II in this moiety. Likely regions of motion are found around the bond axes formed by C1--C5 in form I. This motion is also observed in one of the two molecules of form II. Tensor differences between the two forms at the tetrahydro-pyrrole center indicate that conformational variation between form I and form II exists in the dihedral angles formed by the atoms C14--C13--C3--C2, O--C12--C2--C1, C10--C5--C1--N1 and C21--C20--N1--C4. Finally, SSNMR is applied in conjunction with quantum mechanical calculations in the analysis of a novel polymorph of the anticancer drug paclitaxel. The three dimensional structure of paclitaxel is established through a combination of SSNMR tensor (13C & 15N) and 1H--13C HETCOR data. With two molecules in the asymmetric unit (Z'=2), this represents the first conformational characterization with Z'>1 established solely by SSNMR. Semi-empirical models are constructed and fitted to experimental data by adjusting the conformation of the paclitaxel models and selecting those conformers which minimize the difference between predicted and measured tensors. This computational grid search exhausively samples the conformation of paclitaxel, utilizing more than 600 independent models. HETCOR data at thirteen key positions provide shift assignment to the asymmetric unit for each comparison. The two distinct molecules of the asymmetric unit possess nearly identical baccatin III moieties with matching conformations of the C10 acetyl moiety. Additionally, both are found to exhibit an extended conformation of the phenylisoserine sidechain at the C13 position