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Sample records for terpadu hama tebu

  1. Evaluasi Manfaat Sekolah Lapang Pengendalian Hama Terpadu (SLPHT Perkebunan Kopi Rakyat dalam Meningkatkan Pendapatan Petani

    Hendiarto Hendiarto

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Integrated pest management (IPM Farmers Field School (FFS on coffee crop had been conducted in East Java since 1998 until 2003. The IPM-FFS program aimed to increase productivity and quality of the coffee bean through the improvement of the crop and the environment. The aim of this paper was to 1 describe the benefit of the implementation of IPM practicing farmers. The tabulation descriptive method, the profit function and logit function analysis were used. Results showed that the application of IPM technology could increase the profit and the quality of the coffee bean and the price of coffee at farmer level obviously affected the farmer to adopt IPM and increase the income of the farming.   Sekolah Lapangan Pengendalian Hama Terpadu (SLPHT tanaman kopi telah dilaksanakan di provinsi Jawa Timur sejak tahun 1998 sampai 2003. Program SLPHT bertujuan untuk meningkatkan produktivitas dan kualitas biji kopi melalui perbaikan teknik budidaya tanaman dan perbaikan lingkungan. Tujuan tulisan ini adalah 1menjelaskan manfaat pelaksanaan teknologi PHT, dan 2 mengetahui faktor-faktor penentu yang mempengaruhi petani melaksanakan PHT. Untuk dapat menjawab tujuan dalam tulisan ini, digunakan metode deskriptif dan fungsi produksi dengan pendekatan fungsi keuntungan dan logit. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa: 1 penerapan teknologi PHT dapat meningkatkan keuntungan dan kualtas biji kopi; 2 harga kopi di tingkat petani secara nyata mempengaruhi petani untuk menerapkan PHT dan meningkatkan pendapatan usaha tani.

  2. USAHA MENURUNKAN PENGGUNAAN PESTISIDA KIMIA DENGAN PROGRAM PENGENDALIAN HAMA TERPADU (Efforts to Reduce Chemical Pesticides Use through Integrated Pest Management Program

    Joko Mariyono

    2001-04-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Pestisida kimia merupakan bahan beracun yang menyebabkan pencemaran lingkungan dan berbahaya bagi kesehatan manusia. Penggunaannya yang berlebihan telah menimbulkan biaya eksternal yang sangat tinggi. Sejak tahun 1989 Pemerintah Indonesia telah berusaha mengurangi penggunaan pestisida kimia melalui program Pengendalian Hama Terpadu (PHT Untuk mengetahui dampak program PHT, digunakan fungsi permintaan pestisida kimia. Analisis ini menggunakan data sekunder selama sembilan tahun yang diambil dari empat kabupaten wilayah Yogyakarta. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa  dampak program PHT telah berhasil mengurangi penggunaan pestisida kimia pada padi dan kedelai. Penurunan penggunaan pestisida kimia disebabkan oleh kenaikan harga dan penyebaran teknologi PHT. Turunnya penggunaan pestisida kimia ini akan meningkatkan kualitas lingkungan dan kesehatan manusia karena tersedia bahan pangan yang residu pestisida kimianya rendah.   ABSTRACT Chemical pesticide is a poisonous agent that causes deterioration on environment quality and thereatens to human health. It causes considerable high externat cost. Sice 1989 the Government of Indonesia had removed chemical pesticide subsidy and introduced a new program called Integrated {est

  3. PERUBAHAN CARA PENGAMBILAN KEPUTUSAN OLEH PETANI PENGENDALIAN HAMA TERPADU (PHT DALAM MENGGUNAKAN PESTISIDA KIMIA PADA PADI (The Change of Chemical Pesticides Use Decision Making in Rice by Intergrated Farms

    Irham Irham

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Pestisida kimia merupakan salah satu masukan dalam produksi padi yang berfungsi untuk menekan kehilangan hasil oleh serangan hama dan penyakit. Penggunaan pestisida kimia harus bijaksana karena selain memberi manfaat juga menimbulkan bahaya terhadap kesehatan dan lingkungan. Banyak petani yang menggunakan pestisida kimia dengan dasar pencegahan, yaitu tanpa mempertimbangkan keadaan serangan hama dan penyakit sehingga penggunaannya cenderung berlebih. Pengendalian Hama Terpadu (PHT diperkenalkan kepada petani melalui Sekolah Lapangan (SL PHT, dengan tujuan untuk nrengurangi pestisida kimia,  dan hanya digunakan jika memang diperlukan. Hasil studi ini menunjukkan bahwa SLPHT telah mengubah cara pengambilan keputusan dalam menggunakan pestisida kimia. Keadaan ini menyebabkan penggunaan pestisida kimia menjadi berkurang.   ABSTRACT Chemical pesticide is one of the inputs in rice production used to protect yield loss caused by pest attack. Chemical pesticides should be used wisely as they pose threat to human health and pollute environment. Many farmers use chemical pesticide based on prophylactic concept, that is using chemical pesticides without taking into consideration the level of pest attack, which leads to an excessive use. Integrated Pest Management (IPM concept is introduced to farmers through Farmer’s Field School (FFS in order to reduce chemical pesticides use. According to the IPM principle, farmers can use chemical pesticides when necessary. Results of this study show that farmers have changed their decision-making in chemical pesticides use after adopting IPM concept through participation at FFS in IPM. This condition causes decline in chemical pesticide use.

  4. Selektivitas Beberapa Insektisida Terhadap Hama Liriomyza Huidobrensis Blanchard (Diptera : Agromyzidae) Dan Parasitoid Hemiptarsenus Varicornis Girault (Hymenoptera : Eulophidae)

    Setiawati, Wiwin; Somantri, Aang

    2002-01-01

    Liriomyza huidobrensis merupakan hama baru pada tanaman kentang. Hama ini pertama kali dilaporkan menyerangtanaman kentang di Puncak, Jawa Barat pada tahun 1994 dan diduga telah resisten terhadap berbagai jenis insektisidadari golongan organofosfat, karbamat, dan piretroid sintetik. Upaya pengendalian hama tersebut diarahkan pada pro -gram pengendalian hama terpadu (PHT). Dalam pro gram tersebut penggunaan insektisida hanya dilakukan apabilapopulasi hama sudah mencapai ambang pengendalian dan...

  5. OMUNIKASI PEMASARAN TERPADU (IMC SEKOLAH DASAR ISLAM TERPADU DI KARANGANYAR

    Edi Riyanto

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini tentang strategi komunikasi pemasaran terpadu sekolah dasar islam terpadu di Karaganyar. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mendeskripsikan strategi komunikasi pemasaran terpadu yang digunakan oleh Sekolah Dasar Islam Terpadu (SDIT. Integrated Marketing Communication (IMC dapat diterapkan dengan baik di sekolah swasta, maupun sekolah negeri, termasuk SDIT Insan Kamil, SDIT Muhammadiyah Jumapolo dan SDIT MTA. Media promosi yang digunakan sekolah dalam iklan tersebut berupa: televisi, radio, spanduk, banner, buletin, brosur, dan pemasaran online. Dalam penelitian ini, peneliti menggunakan metode deskriptif kualitatif dengan objek penelitian penelitian adalah SDIT Insan Kamil, SDIT Muhammadiyah Jumapolo dan SDIT MTA di Karanganyar. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini menggunakan wawancara semi terstruktur secara mendalam untuk mendapatkan informasi lengkap sesuai dengan yang dibutuhkan oleh peneliti. Sekolah Dasar Islam Terpadu dapat melakukan Integrated Marketing Communication (IMC walaupun dalam program promosi tersebut belum maksimal, namun program tersebut telah memberikan dampak positif, dilihat dari jumlah peserta didik yang meningkat.

  6. Aplikasi Konsep Pengendalian Hama Terpadu untuk Pengendalian Hama Bubuk Buah Kopi (Hypothenemus hampei)

    Inda Laila, Main Sese; Agus, Nurariaty; Saranga, Annie P.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to determine the most effective and efficient integrated control package in suppressing coffee berry borer (Hypothenemus hampei Ferr.). The study was conducted in growers??? coffee plantations in Desa Pana, Kecamatan Alla, Kabupaten Enrekang, South Sulawesi and laboratories at the Department of Plant Pests and Diseases, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, from November 2010 to April 2011. The study consisted of five treatments of control packages, namely:...

  7. Conflict between Israel and Hamas

    2015-06-12

    this plan, war erupted, leading to the free -for-all Arab land grab. The Egyptians usurped Gaza. The Jordanians occupied the West Bank. Then Israel took...102 Yaacov Amidror, “Line in the Sand ,” The BESA Center, February 2, 2015, accessed March 12, 2015, http://besacenter.org/?s=Line+in+the+ Sand . 69...Laub and Fares Akram, “Hamas Consolidates Its Grip on Gaza as Reconstruction Stalls Gaza City,” ABC News, accessed April 28, 2015, http

  8. KONTRIBUSI TEKNOLOGI PENGENDALIAN HAMA TERPADU PADA PENURUNAN PENGGUNAAN PESTISIDA: KASUS PRODUKSI PADI DI YOGYAKARTA

    Joko Mariyono

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study is to examine the contribution of integtated pest management technology to significant decrease in use of pesticides in rice production.  This study was conducted in Yogyakarta, where the technology has been intensively disseminated through farmer’s field school. Aggregate data shows that the use of pesticides declines significantly after the introduction of the technology.  A constant elasticity of input demand model was employed in this study. The results of the study show that IPM technologi was increasingly disseminated during 1989-1998. At the same period, pesticide use declined significantly. The decrease in pesticide use was affected by the increase dissemination of IPM technology and the increase in relative price of pesticides.

  9. Kajian Keanekaragaman Artropoda pada Lahan Padi Sawah Tanpa Pestisida dan Manfaatnya dalam Pengendalian Hama Terpadu

    Eddy Mahrub

    1999-07-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of the research are to study the diversity and abundance of arthropods, and to study the foodweb chain composition in the ricefield ecosystem without application of chemical pesticide. This research has been done in the ricefield at Klaten district, with IR64 rice cultivar. The observation was started when the plant was 7 days old after transplanting, with an interval of 8 days until one week before harvesting, to collect the arthropods samples. Three plots and 50 hills per plot were sampled weekly. Arthropods from each hill were collected by using insect sucking apparatus. The data was analyzed following Cheng method to study the arthropod index diversity and its abundance. The results showed that in the rice ecosystem there were four groups o arthropod consisted of pest (21.19%; predator (26.09%; parasitoid (0.42%, and neutral insect (52.30%. Data of the pest population was very low in free from chemical pesticide application, plot while population of neutral insect was very high. The high population of neutral insect was very useful and functionary as alternate prey for predator and parasitoid when the pest population was very low. The diversity index (H’ of arthropods during the rice growing period in the first to the fourth week increased from 1.38 to 2.37, but during the fifth to the eleventh week the diversity was about constantly low. The diversity index decreased linearly with the rice growth stage, but as the plant got older the population of arthropods decreased because the habitat became unfavourable. It might cause the diversity index and the abundance decreased. Some of the arthropods moved to new area to find the most suitable habitat. There was a foodweb chain in the rice ecosystem consisted of arthropods complex including the natural enemies and which were neutral insects. It indicated a good balanced condition between pest and natural enemies more profitable when no chemical pesticide intervention was applied in the ecosystem. Key words: arthropods, diversity

  10. KONSEP PERMUKIMAN KOTA TERPADU MANDIRI

    Emilya Kalsum

    2016-12-01

    In order to support all activities in KTM, a concept of settlements that could lead to a standard / technical guidelines for KTM is needed. The concept is based on the strategic approach, technical, management; participation; sustainable development and socio-cultural oriented development. KTM settlement concept is divided into the identification of initial conditions, potentials and constraints of regional resources and sectoral policies and regional development policies, analysis of the potential and development of the region, the pattern and structure of regional infrastructure, identification of problem issues of infrastructure; and the formulation of the concept of settlement for KTM. Analysis was conducted by analyzing field data combined with the theoretical basis of spatial layout. The concept of neighborhood settlements adapted to function; manifested by the basic concept of facilities and infrastructure needs, and also are synchronized with the phase of development. REFERENCES Chambers, Robert. (1969. Settlement Schemes In Tropical Africa. New York: Praeger Chiara, Joseph De. (1975. Urban Planning and Design Criteria. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold. Dirjen Pembinaan Pengembangan Masyarakat dan Kawasan Transmigrasi. (2006. Kota Terpadu Mandiri. Jakarta. Nas, PJM Dr. (1979 Kota Di Dunia Ketiga: Pengantar Sosiologi Kota dalam Tiga Bagian. Jakarta: Bhratara Karya Aksara

  11. Spain and the Hamas government

    Ignacio Álvarez-Ossorio Alvariño

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Since the restoration of democracy, Spain’s successive governments have been noted for their favourable stance toward the issue of Palestine and their support for the creation of a sovereign independent state in the territories that Israel occupied during the Six-Day War. Yasser Arafat’s visit to Spain in the time of the UCD, the holding of the Madrid Conference during the term of government of the PSOE and the designation of Miguel Ángel Moratinos as the EU’s special envoy for the Peace Process during the Partido Popular’s term of government are some of the landmarks that have expressed this exemplary relationship between the Spanish State and the Palestine question. However, the victory of Hamas in the legislative elections of 25 January 2006 radically changed the situation, as it led to Rodríguez Zapatero’s government joining the international boycott of the new Islamist executive; even so, the Spanish government clearly maintained its support for restarting the Peace Process, in the form of its backing for Mahmud Abbas, the President of the Palestine Authority. The armed conflict in Gaza in June 2007 which led to the Islamists retaking the Gaza Strip and the formation of a new government in the West Bank led by the technocrat Salam Fayad served to normalise the situation, given that it encouraged the raising of international sanctions and a return to normality in Spanish-Palestine relations.

  12. PENGGUNAAN KARBON AKTIF DARI AMPAS TEBU SEBAGAI ADSORBEN ZAT WARNA PROCION MERAH DARI INDUSTRI SONGKET

    Melyza Fitri Permanda Sari

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Telah dilakukan penelitian penggunaan karbon aktif dari ampas tebu untuk menyerap zat warna procion merah dari industri songket. Pembuatan karbon aktif dilakukan dengan proses karbonisasi pada temperatur 4500C selama 2 jam, karbon aktif yang dihasilkan dilakukan karakterisasi FTIR untuk mengetahui gugus fungsinya serta karakterisasi BET untuk mengetahui luas permukan. Kondisi optimum adsorpsi karbon aktif dari ampas tebu terhadap procion merah dilakukan dengan beberapa variabel, meliputi waktu kontak, berat karbon aktif, dan pH. Hasil karakterisasi FTIR pada karbon aktif dari ampas tebu memiliki gugus fungsi -CO- dan –OH, sedangkan karakterisasi BET karbon aktif dari ampas tebu sebesar 29,2 m2/g. Kondisi optimum adsorpsi karbon aktif dari ampas tebu diperoleh waktu kontak 90 menit dengan berat karbon aktif 0,1 g dan pH optimum 5. Karbon aktif dari ampas tebu mengikuti isotherm Langmuir, efektifitas penyerapan zat warna procion merah dari limbah cair industri songket oleh karbon aktif dari ampas tebu dalam kondisi optimum, sebesar 76,3%.

  13. Moskva gotova k peregovoram s HAMAS / Marianna Belenkaja

    Belenkaja, Marianna

    2006-01-01

    Venemaa presidendi Vladimir Putini kavatsusest kutsuda läbirääkimistele hiljutised Palestiina parlamendivalimised võitnud islami vastupanuliikumise Hamas juhid. Põhjused, mis sunnivad Venemaad dialoogile Hamas'iga

  14. Hamas -- How Has a Terrorist Organization Become a Political Power?

    Mehr, Ben-Zion

    2008-01-01

    .... Understanding the source of Hamas's power and identifying its center of gravity are crucial to understanding how Hamas came to possess such power, and to waging an effective war against terrorism...

  15. Pembuatan dan Pengujian Kualitas Semen Portland Yang Diperkaya Silikat Abu Ampas Tebu

    Suci Wulandari, Indah Pratama

    2015-01-01

    Penelitian ini mengkaji pengaruh penambahan abu ampas tebu terhadap kuat tekan mortar dan sifat fisis semen portland komposit, meliputi: kehalusan semen, kebutuhan air semen, waktu pengikatan semen, pemuaian dan komposisi kimia semen. Dari hasil penelitian, besar kuat tekan pada penggunaan abu ampas tebu dengan kadar 9% merupakan penambahan optimum pada mortar yang direndam larutan kapur jenuh Sedangkan dari hasil pengujian fisis yang meliputi kehalusan semen, kebutuhan air semen, waktu pengi...

  16. Liminality in EU-Hamas relations

    Pace, Michelle; Pallister-Wilkins, Polly

    their relations of Self. In exploring the procedural relations of the EU and Hamas it argues for the necessity of recognising liminal categories in IR theory and practice while at the same time highlighting the limits of such in-between categories in a world order still structured around the state....

  17. KARAKTERISASI BIODIESEL DARI MINYAK JELANTAH MENGGUNAKAN PEREAKSI BIOETANOL TETES TEBU

    Sagung Ngurah Mayuni

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK: Biodiesel merupakan bahan bakar alternatif yang dapat disintesis dari minyak jelantah dan alkohol melalui proses esterifikasi. Penelitian ini menggunakan bahan dasar minyak jelantah dengan kadar asam lemak bebas sebesar 9,16 %, dimana alkohol yang digunakan adalah bioetanol tetes tebu. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengkarakterisasi biodiesel hasil esterifikasi dan transesterifikasi minyak jelantah dengan hasil destilasi bioetanol tetes tebu. Metode penelitian yang dilakukan adalah menggunakan perbandingan bervariasi antara minyak jelantah dan etanol yaitu 1 : 1 (B1, 3:1 (B2, 5:1 (B3. Hasil karakterisasi biodiesel diperoleh sesuai dengan SNI berturut-turut untuk densitas B1 = 860,3, B2 = 865,3 , B3 = 866,3 (kg/m3, Viskositas B1 = 19,138 , B2 = 24,881 , B3 = 25,359(mm2/s, Titik NyalaB1 = 138,5, B2 = 93,5, B3 = 212,5 (0C. Titik tuang B1 = 6, B2 = 93,5, B3 = 212,5. Titik Tuang B1 = 6, B2 = 6, dan B3 = 9 (0C. Korosi B1 = 1a, B2 = 1a dan B3 =1a. Untuk kadar air dengan hasil B1 = 0,05, B2 = trace (tidak terdeteksi dan B3 = 0,2 (% v/v.Biodiesel minyak jelantah dan etanol tetes tebu dapat terbentuk, setelah dianalisis dengan kromatografi gas menunjukkan adanya senyawa ester (etil palmitat, etil linoleat, etil laurat dengan waktu retensi masing-masing adalah 17,0, 18,6 , 18,7 menit. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian disimpulkan bioetanol tetes tebu dapat digunakan dalam sintesis biodiesel. Penggunaan bioetanol tetes tebu dalam sintesis biodiesel diperoleh karakteristik sesuai dengan Standar Nasional Indonesia (SNI -04-7182-2006 kecuali viskositas. ABSTRACT: Biodiesel is an alternative energy for fossil fuel. It can be synthesized by esterification of waste cooking oil with alcohol. In this research, the used waste cooking oil contains 9.16 % FFA, while the alcohol used was bioethanol fermented from molase. The aim of this research was to characterize biodiesel produced from esterification and transesterification of used cooking oil with

  18. Penerapan Produksi Bersih Dalam Upaya Penurunan Timbulan Limbah Cair Di Pabrik Gula Tebu

    Yudith Vega Paramitadevi

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Tebu (Saccharum officianarum L. adalah tanaman yang mempunyai banyak manfaat, salah satunya sukrosa yang terdapat pada batang tebu yang dimanfaatkan untuk menghasilkan kristal gula. Kristal gula yang terbentuk mengalami pemrosesan yang panjang, dimulai dari penggilingan tebu hingga pemasakan. Pada proses pengolahan tersebut akan menghasilkan gula produk sekaligus limbah cair yang memiliki beban pencemaran organik tinggi. Tindak produksi bersih dalam industri gula tebu diperlukan agar penghematan air baku dan pencemaran air dapat terlaksana. Kajian terhadap produksi bersih dilakukan melalui studi kasus yang sifatnya deskriptif pada salah satu industri gula tebu di Indonesia. Identifikasi terhadap peluang produksi bersih dilakukan agar diperoleh pengaruh keseluruhan terhadap kinerja lingkungan, terutama pengurangan terhadap beban influen yang masuk ke IPAL. Sebanyak 6 alternatif peluang produksi bersih untuk penghematan konsumsi air baku dan 4 alternatif peluang produksi bersih untuk reduksi timbulan limbah cair diberikan. Peluang produksi bersih yang akhirnya dapat diterapkan yakni recycle air kondensat larutan gula, air bekas scrubber dan penerapan good house keeping. Debit air yang masuk ke IPAL berkurang 51.72%, setara dengan 4500 m3 air baku per hari, atau penghematan sebesar Rp 17.235.310,00 per tahun. Perancangan desain IPAL ulang juga diusulkan untuk mengatasi permasalahan konvensional yang melekat pada sistem kolam anaerobik-aerobik.

  19. Hamas may evolve as peace champion like Sharon-Musharraf

    2006-01-01

    "Radical palestinian movement Hamas may follow a political evolution like Israel's premier Ariel Sharon and become champion for peace in the Middle East, pakistani President Pervez Musharraf said" (1/2 page)

  20. PENGARUH KOMUNIKASI PEMASARAN TERPADU TERHADAP CITRA MEREK PRODUK KARTU SIMPATI PADA PT. TELKOMSEL MAKASSAR

    -, HAJI AZWAR

    2015-01-01

    2015 PENGARUH KOMUNIKASI PEMASARAN TERPADU TERHADAP CITRA MEREK PRODUK KARTU SIMPATI PADA PT.TELKOMSEL MAKASSAR Haji Azwar Nurdjanah Hamid Musran Munizu Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk melihat sejauh mana pengaruh program komunikasi pemasaran terpadu terhadap citra merek produk Simpati pada PT. Telkomsel Makassar. Sedangkan metode analisis yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah analisis descriptif, analisis regresi linear berganda, uji validitas dan...

  1. PENGARUH PENAMBAHAN NATRIUM METABISULFIT DAN SUHU PEMASAKAN DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN TEKNOLOGI VAKUM TERHADAP KUALITAS GULA MERAH TEBU

    Dewi Maya Maharani

    2015-02-01

    gula merah menunjukkan kualitas yang paling baik. Nilai masing-masing parameternya dari perlakuan terbaik sebagai berikut: parameter kimia dan fisik dengankadar air 8,97%, gula reduksi 7,96 %, kadar abu 2,65%, total padatan tak larut 0,60 %, nilai kekerasan 15,68 kg/cm2, parameter organoleptik denganwarna 5,50, rasa 5,04 dan tekstur 5,36. Kata kunci: Nira tebu, natrium metabisulfit, suhu, evaporator vakum, gula merah

  2. EU–Hamas actors in a state of permanent liminality

    Pace, Michelle; Pallister-Wilkins, Polly

    2018-01-01

    This article contributes to the debate on liminality within International Relations (IR) theory by focusing on the actorness of the European Union (EU) and Hamas. The concept of liminality as a transitional process is applied to frame the situation of both the EU and Hamas as political actors in......-between socially established categories. This article explores how the liminal identity of these two actors impacts, on the one hand, their relations with each other and, on the other hand, their relations of ‘self’. Exploring the procedural relations of the EU and Hamas, it argues for the necessity of recognising...... liminal categories in IR theory and practice, while, at the same time, it highlights the limits of such in-between categories in a world order still structured around the state....

  3. Pemanfaatan Vinasse -Limbah Industri Alkohol- untuk Perbaikan Sifat Fisik Tanah dalam Pengembangan Tebu (Saccharum officinarum L di Lahan Pasir Pantai

    M. Zulfan Arrodli

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Lahan pasir pantai merupakan lahan bermasalah untuk pertanian karena sifat tanahnya tidak mendukung pertumbuhan tanaman dan vinasse merupakan limbah industri ethanol yang jumlahnya sangat besar yang apabila dibuang di lahan terbuka akan mencemari lingkungan. Penggunaan vinasse sebagai bahan perbaikan tanah tanpa memberikan pengaruh negatif kemungkinan dapat dikerjakan untuk tanah bertekstur kasar seperti tanah di lahan pasir pantai. Oleh karena itu dalam penelitian ini, vinasse akan dicoba digunakan untuk membudidayakan tebu pada media tanah yang diambil dari lahan pasir pantai. Penelitian menggunakan pendekatan percobaan pot faktorial 4x4 yang disusun dalam rancangan lingkungan acak lengkap dengan 3 ulangan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemberian vinasse dengan dosis 60.000 l/ha hanya sekali pada awal penanaman tebu mampu memperbaiki kemampuan tanah menyimpan air. Vinasse terbukti tidak memberikan pengaruh kurang baik terhadap tanaman yang dibudidayakan, bahkan pemberian vinasse cenderung memperbaiki pertumbuhan tebu baik dilihat pada tinggi tanaman, diameter batang, berat kering akar dan tajuk, meskipun pengaruhnya tidak berbeda nyata.

  4. Produksi Asam Laktat oleh Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus dengan Sumber Karbon Tetes Tebu

    Laita Nurjannah

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Senyawa asam laktat sangat dibutuhkan di dunia industri. Namun produksi dengan menggunakan mikrob masih menggunakan bahan pangan sebagai substratnya. Alternatif substrat untuk produksi asam laktat  sebagai pengganti penggunaan bahan pangan  sangat diperlukan industri. Tetes tebu merupakan salah satu substrat yang kaya akan sumber  karbon yang dapat digunakan sebagai komponen media pertumbuhan bakteri. Ketersediaannya melimpah dan harganya murah. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah tetes tebu dapat digunakan sebagai alternatif  sumber karbon bakteri Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus untuk menghasilkan asam laktat. Langkah penelitian ini meliputi hidrolisis dan detoksifikasi tetes tebu, uji kualitatif gula pereduksi tetes tebu, analisis gula total dengan metode fenol sulfat, penentuan kurva pertumbuhan bakteri, produksi dan ekstraksi asam laktat, serta analisis kualitatif asam laktat dengan menggunakan kromatografi cair kinerja tinggi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tetes tebu dapat digunakan sebagai alternatif sumber karbon. Hal ini terbukti bakteri dapat tumbuh dengan baik ketika media diberi 0.5% tetes tebu. Konsentrasi gula total tetes tebu adalah 1090 g/L. Uji gula pereduksi menunjukkan hasil yang positif untuk uji Selliwanof, uji Benedict, dan uji Barfoed. Pertumbuhan optimum L. delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus terjadi pada suhu 42°C dengan agitasi 150 rpm. Produksi asam laktat dilakukan selama 24 jam. Kadar asam laktat yang dihasilkan sebesar 2.80% dengan biomassa sel kering sebesar 0.002 g/L dan pH media fermentasi sebesar 4.0. Hasil analisis kualitatif kromatografi cair kinerja tinggi juga menunjukkan bahwa produk dari hasil fermentasi adalah asam laktat. Abstract. Lactic acid is needed as an industrial feed. However, by using a microbial production still uses food material as a substrate. Alternative substrates for the production of lactic acid is needed in industry. Molasses are potential substrates due to the richness in

  5. From trench to governance: A necessary metamorphosis for hamas ...

    The paper focuses on the hard line position of the Bush Administration towards. Hamas in the wake of its victory at the polls in Palestine and the seeming disagreement amongst members of the Middle East Quartet. Citing and commencing with the George Washington Administration, the paper presents a global overview of ...

  6. Pengaruh Campuran Ampas Tebu Dan Alang-Alang (Imperata Cylindrica) Sebagai Media Pertumbuhan Terhadap Kandungan Nutrisi Jamur Tiram Putih (Pleurotus Ostreatus)

    Naila, Ishmatun; Purnomo, Adi Setyo

    2016-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh ampas tebu dan alang-alang (Imperata cylindrica) sebagai media pertumbuhan jamur tiram putih (Pleurotus ostreatus) terhadap kandungan nutrisinya. Ampas tebu dan alang-alang dipilih sebagai media pertumbuhan alternatif, karena tidak hanya mengandung lignoseluosa, tapi juga tersedia berlimpah di lingkungan. Variasi komposisi ampas tebu:alang-alang yang digunakan adalah 75:25 (A1); 50:50 (A2); 25:75 (A3); 0:100 (A4); dan 100:0 (A5). Pada penelit...

  7. SISTEM TERPADU REKAM MEDIK RUMAH SAKIT DENGAN SMART CARD

    _ Sukamto

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Dalam penelitian ini, system terpadu rekam medik rumah sakit dibuat dengan teknologi smart card sebagai media penimpanan data Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah menerapkan teknologi smart card sebagai sarana atau media penyimpan informasi pasien yang mempunyai kesederhana, keandalan, dan portabilitas yang tinggi, sehingga meningkatkan jaminan ketersediaan data pada sebuah sistem rekam medik.Tahapan pembuatan rancang bangun sistem rekam medis ini meliputi perancangan data flow diagram, rentity relationshipp diagram, database dan program aplikasi. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukan bahwa smart card dapat digunakan sebagai sarana atau media penyimpan informasi pasien yang mempunyai kesederhana, keandalan, dan portabilitas yang tinggi.

  8. Sintesis Furfural dari Bagas Tebu Via Reaksi Hidrolisa dengan Menggunakan Katalis Asam Asetat pada Kondisi Atmosferik

    Nine Tria Rossa

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Telah dilakukan penelitian tentang hidrolisa bagas tebu menggunakan asam asetat sebagai katalis. Sebanyak 30 gram dihidrolisa dalam 300ml air yang mengandung katalis asam menggunakan  asetat sebesar 7 sampai 9% v/v dengan variabel waktu dan temperatur hidrolisa selama 1 sampai 4 jam dan 80oC sampai 103oC pada kondisi atmosferik menggunakan reaktor tipe batch. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh temperatur dan waktu hidrolisa, serta konsentrasi katalis asam asetat terhadap perolehan furfural. Kemudian untuk menemukan kondisi paling efisien untuk memproduksi furfural menggunakan Response Surface Methodology (RSM dengan Software Design Expert 7.0.0. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa dengan penambahan waktu dan temperatur hidrolisa akan meningkatkan perolehan furfural. Perolehan asam asetat juga meningkat rata-rata hingga 2 kali dari konsentrasi asam asetat awal. Hal ini terjadi karena pemutusan gugus acetyl dari fraksi hemiselulosa pada bagas tebu. Perolehan kondisi optimum yakni pada waktu dan temperatur hidrolisa 2 jam dan 103oC, konsentrasi katalis 9%, dengan konsentrasi furfural 4,10 mg/ml dan konsentrasi asam asetat 2,62 mmol/ml.

  9. Hidrolisis Ampas Tebu dengan Katalisator Asam Asetat untuk Memproduksi Furfural menggunakan Metode Steam Stripping

    Nita Listiani

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Proses hidrolisis ampas tebu menggunakan asam asetat sebagai katalis dengan metode satu tahap (steam stripping telah dilakukan. Ampas tebu sebanyak 50 gram dihidrolisis dalam 500 ml akuades yang mengandung katalis asam asetat sebesar 2 - 6% dengan variabel waktu selama 1 - 3 jam dan temperatur hidrolisis 110 - 120oC menggunakan metode steam stripping. Metode konvensional dilakukan dalam dua tahap yaitu pemasakan dan pemisahan dalam waktu tinggal tertentu, sehingga dapat menyebabkan degradasi furfural. Selain itu, energi yang digunakan sangat besar karena ada energi yang terbuang saat pendinginan produk. Maka peneliti mengembangkan proses hidrolisis hemiselulosa menjadi furfural sekaligus juga proses pemisahan yang dilakukan secara serempak dalam satu tahap yaitu dengan menggunakan metode distilasi steam stripping. Penelitian ini ditujukan untuk melihat apakah metode steam stripping dengan menggunakan katalis asam asetat efektif untuk digunakan dalam memproduksi furfural. Dalam studi ini juga dipelajari pengaruh waktu hidrolisis, konsentrasi katalis, dan  temperatur terhadap konsentrasi furfural. Hasil uji menggunakan Response Surface Methodology (RSM menunjukkan bahwa variabel yang paling berpengaruh untuk perolehan furfural adalah konsentrasi katalis dan temperatur. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan optimum dengan perolehan konsentrasi furfural tertinggi (6,038 mg/ml di peroleh pada waktu 3 jam, temperatur 120°C, dan konsentrasi katalis 6%. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa metode ini efektif untuk digunakan dalam produksi furfural.

  10. Pengembangan Media Pembelajaran Berupa Buletin dalam Bentuk Buku Saku untuk Pembelajran IPA Terpadu

    Ardian Asyhari

    2016-04-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk; 1 mengembangkan media pembelajaran berupa buletin IPA terpadu pada materi bunyi; 2 mengetahui respon peserta didik terhadap kelayakan media pembelajaran berupa buletin IPA terpadu pada materi bunyi untuk peserta didik kelas VIII, dengan rumusan masalah; 1 Bagaimana mengembangkan media pembelajaran berupa buletin IPA terpadu pada materi bunyi?; 2 Bagaimana respon peserta didik terhadap kelayakan media pembelajaran berupa buletin IPA terpadu pada materi bunyi. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian R&D yang mengadopsi pengembangan dari Borg & Gall. Subjek dalam penelitian ini adalah peserta didik kelas VIII SMP Negeri 7 Bandar lampung dan SMP Negeri 21 Bandar Lampung berjumlah 40 orang peserta didik dan instrumen pengumpulan data yang digunakan berupa angket yang diberikan kepada ahli materi, ahli media, dan guru IPA SMP untuk menguji kelayakan media pembelajaran berupa buletin dalam bentuk buku saku untuk pembelajaran IPA terpadu. Jenis data yang dihasilkan adalah data kualitatif dan kuantitatif yang dianalisis dengan pedoman kriteria kategori penilaian untuk menentukan kelayakan produk. Hasil penelitian ini adalah; 1 telah dikembangkan media pembelajaran berupa buletin IPA terpadu dalam bentuk buku saku; 2 kelayakan media pembelajaran buletin IPA terpadu yang telah dikembangkan adalah sangat layak dengan persentasi 82 % berdasarkan penilaian ahli materi tahap akhir setelah perbaikan, ahli desain dengan persentase 79,4% dengan kriteria layak 3 dengan persentase adalah 77,6%, penilaian guru dengan kriteria adalah layak 4 hasil respon peserta didik dengan persentase 80% dengan kriteria layak. Kata kunci: buku saku, buletin, media pembelajaran

  11. PENGEMBANGAN PERANGKAT PEMBELAJARAN IPS TERPADU BERBASIS OUTDOOR LEARNING

    Nugraheni Rachmawati

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakPelaksanaan kegiatan pembelajaran tematik di SD kota Semarang belum optimal. Sebagian besar guru belum menyusun dan menggunakan perangkat pembelaja- ran IPS Terpadu berbasis outdoor learning. Tujuan penelitian ini mengembangkan, mengkaji keefektifan dan kepraktisan perangkat pembelajaran. Penelitian ini meru- pakan penelitian pengembangan yang dimodifikasi dari penelitian Borg and Gall. Subjek penelitian adalah siswa kelas 3 SD N Jatingaleh 01-02 Kota Semarang ta- hun pelajaran 2012/2013. Spesifikasi produk yang dikembangkan adalah perangkat pembelajaran IPS terpadu berbasis outdoor learning berupa silabus, RPP, media CD Interaktif, LKS dan alat evaluasi meliputi test kognitif, lembar observasi aktivi- tas serta angket respons siswa dan guru. Data dianalisis secara deskriptif dan Pretest- Posttest Control Group Design. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pengembangan perangkat pembelajaran tergolong valid. Keefektifan perangkat dilihat dari aktivitas dan hasil belajar siswa. Aktivitas siswa tergolong sangat tinggi. Hasil belajar kog- nitif siswa setelah mengikuti pembelajaran IPS Terpadu berbasis Outdoor Learning mengalami peningkatan yang signifikan serta mencapai ketuntasan belajar. Rata- rata hasil belajar kognitif siswa secara signifikan lebih besar daripada kelompok siswa yang mengikuti pembelajaran in door. Saran, hendaknya dapat dikembangkan lagi keefektifanya sehingga dapat lebih menggali kemampuan siswa, tidak hanya dalam segi kognitif dan afektif tetapi juga psikomotor. AbstractImplementation of thematic learning activities in elementary school of Semarang is not opti- mal. Most of the teachers do not prepare and use integrated social science learning tools based on outdoor learning. This research is aimed to develop the tools and to review the effectiveness and practicality of integrated social science learning based on outdoor learning. This is a research and development study modified from the research developed by Borg and

  12. SISTEM TERPADU REKAM MEDIK RUMAH SAKIT DENGAN SMART CARD

    _ Sukamto

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Dalam penelitian ini,  system terpadu rekam medik rumah sakit dibuat dengan teknologi smart card sebagai media penimpanan data  Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah  menerapkan teknologi smart card sebagai sarana  atau media penyimpan informasi pasien yang mempunyai kesederhana, keandalan, dan portabilitas  yang tinggi, sehingga meningkatkan jaminan ketersediaan data pada sebuah sistem rekam medik.Tahapan pembuatan rancang bangun sistem rekam medis ini meliputi  perancangan data flow diagram, rentity relationshipp diagram, database dan program aplikasi. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukan bahwa smart  card dapat digunakan  sebagai sarana  atau media penyimpan informasi pasien yang mempunyai kesederhana, keandalan, dan portabilitas  yang tinggi.

  13. PENGENALAN PENY AKIT NODA PADA CITRA DAUN TEBU BERDASARKAN CIRI TEKSTUR FRACTAL DIMENSION CO-OCCURRENCE MATRIX DAN L*a*b* COLOR MOMENTS

    Evy Kamilah Ratnasari

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Penyakit yang menyerang tebu dapat disebabkan oleh bakteri, jamur maupun virus. Penyakit noda merupakan penyakit pada tanaman tebu yang disebabkan oleh jamur dengan menampakkan lesi atau bercak pada permukaan daun. Penyakit noda tersebut dapat menghambat proses fotosintesis yang akan berakibat menurunkan produksi gula karena mempengaruhi pertumbuhan tebu. Upaya pengendalian dini dapat dilakukan dengan mengenali jenis penyakit melalui lesinya yang bermanfaat dalam menentukan tindakan penanganan yang tepat. Lesi yang disebabkan oleh penyakit noda masing-masing dapat dikenali secara visual karena memiliki ciri warna dan tekstur yang unik. Tetapi pengamatan secara visual memiliki beberapa kekurangan seperti subjektifitas dan kurang akurat. Penelitian ini mengusulkan pengenalan penyakit noda tanaman tebu yang terdiri dari noda cincin, noda karat, dan noda kuning berdasarkan fitur tekstur yang merupakan kombinasi dari konsep Gray Level Co-Occurrence Matrix (GLCM dan dimensi fraktal yang dinamakan Fractal Dimension Co-Occurrence Matrix (FDCM. Sedangkan fitur warna didapatkan dari perhitungan statistik col or moments pada citra L*a*b*. Kombinasi fitur tersebut menghasilkan 12 fitur warna dan 6 fitur tekstur yang kemudian digunakan sebagai masukan klasifikasi k-Nearest Neighbor (KNN. Pengenalan penyakit noda pada tanaman tebu menggunakan metode tersebut dapat menghasilkan akurasi tertinggi 90%.

  14. Dampak Sebelum dan Setelah Penerapan Sekolah Lapang Pengendalian Hama Terpadu (SLPHT) Terhadap Biaya Produksi, Produksi dan Pendapatan Petani Padi Sawah Di Kabupaten SerdangBedagai

    Harahap, Khoirul Basri

    2012-01-01

    The wisdom of Instruction of President No. 3 / 1986 about the Offense of 53 types of Insecticide for Pest Controlling, afterward it becomes the historical pillar for applying the Unity Pest Controlling to the rice plants. Concepts of the Unity Pest Controlling is a suitable choice to answer that dilemma. This research is purposed to analyse and to examine the different rate of Cost of Production, Production and Income of ricefield farmers in the Regency of Serdang Bedagai before and after t...

  15. Metode Pembelajaran Terpadu untuk Mingkatkan Kreativas Verbal Dan Figural Pada Siswa Kelas Enam di SDN 2 Kenayang Tulungagung

    Mentari Marwa

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui apakah dengan adanya metode pembelajaran terpadu dapat meningkatkan kreativitas verbal dan figural pada siswa kelas VI Penelitian ini menggunakan desain eksperimen Pretest-Posttest One Group Design. Metode pembelajaran terpadu yaitu suatu pembelajaran yang memadukan berbagai materi dalam satu sajian pembelajaran agar siswa memahami keterkaitan antara satu materi dengan materi lain atau antara satu mata pelajaran dengan mata pelajaran lain dan partisipasi aktif dari siswa akan membuat siswa lebih mudah untuk mengingat dan mengembangkan kognitif, dinamika afektif dan psikomotorik anak secara simultan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat pengaruh metode pembelajaran terpadu untuk meningkatkan kreativitas verbal pada anak kelas VI. Metode pembelajaran terpadu ternyata mampu meningkatkan kreativitas verbal siswa, dimana semua siswa mengalami peningkatan kreativitas verbal, dengan nilai Z = -2,041 dan p 0,05

  16. SISTEM PAKAR DIAGNOSA PENYAKIT DAN HAMA PADA TANAMAN PEPAYA CALIFORNIA DI DUSUN KETHITANG-RAWALO

    Afit Nadhar Pratitis

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Terbatasnya jumlah pakar membuat proses penyuluhan terhadap petani khususnya petani pepaya dalam pengendalian penyakit dan hama tidak maksimal, sehingga dibutuhkan sebuah sistem yang dapat di jadikan alternatif berkonsultasi bagi para petani. Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk merancang dan membangun sistem pakar diagnosa penyakit dan hama tanaman pepaya california yang dapat dijadikan pendamping bagi pakar tanaman pepaya california. Batasan masalah dari penelitian diantaranya hanya meneliti tanaman pepaya california, metode inferensi forward chaining, representasi pengetahuan menggunakan kaidah produksi, diterapkan pada sistem berbasis web. Metode pengembangan sistem yang digunakan adalah waterfall. Hasil dari penelitian ini telah berhasil dibuat aplikasi sistem pakar diagnosa penyakit dan hama pada tanaman pepaya california menggunakan Adobe Dreamweaver CS5 dan XAMPP-Win32-1.7.7. Dengan adanya sistem pakar diagnosa penyakit dan hama pada tanaman pepaya california dapat menjadi media alternatif konsultasi para petani pepaya california, serta sistem pakar ini dapat dijadikan pendamping untuk pakar dalam memberikan ilmu pengetahuannya.

  17. Repetitive 1 Hz fast-heating fusion driver HAMA pumped by diode pumped solid state laser

    Mori, Yoshitaka; Sekine, Takashi; Komeda, Osamu

    2014-01-01

    We describe a repetitive fast-heating fusion driver called HAMA pumped by Diode Pumped Solid State Laser (DPSSL) to realize the counter irradiation of sequential implosion and heating laser beams. HAMA was designed to activate DPSSL for inertial confinement fusion (ICF) research and to realize a unified ICF machine for power plants. The details of a four-beam alignment scheme and the results of the counter irradiation of stainless plates are shown. (author)

  18. Eksplorasi dan Potensi Cendawan Entomopatogen Penicillium sp. Sebagai Agens Pengendali Hayati Hama Penggerek Buah Kakao, Conopomorpha cramerella (Snellen) (Nurariaty Agus, Annie P. Saranga dan Ade Rosmana; Jurusan Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan, Fakultas Pertanian Unhas)

    Agus, Nurariaty

    2014-01-01

    Penggerek buah kakao (PBK), Conopomorpha cramerella (Snellen) merupakan hama utama tanaman kakao. Potensi kerugian hasil yang disebabkan oleh hama tersebut dapat mencapai 60-80 % dengan kerugian sekitar Rp 810 milyar per tahun. Salah satu musuh alami yang dapat dimanfaatkan dan berpotensi untuk dikembangkan sebagai agens pengendali hayati hama PBK adalah cendawan entomopatogen Penicillium sp. Penelitian tahun kedua ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui untuk mengetahui potensi cendawan ento...

  19. HAMAS AND HEZBOLLAH: REFLECTIONS OF RESISTANCE, CHALLENGES FOR DEMOCRACY

    Stuart Reigeluth

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available In the Arab-Israeli conflict, the creation and maintaining of resistance groups, as well as their recurring confrontations with Israel, take place with greater intensity in the Palestinian territories and Lebanon. In the same way that the Palestine Islamic Resistance Movement (Hamas was born out of the military occupation of the West Bank, Jerusalem and the Gaza Strip, the Lebanese Party of God (Hezbollah emerged to counteract the presence of Israel and her allies in the south of Lebanon. The pressure exerted on Israel to leave the south of Lebanon (2000 and the Gaza Strip (2005 engendered massive popular support which resulted in victories in both municipal and national elections. Both armed Islamist groups shifted towards increasingly passive policies, though at the same time they continue to be condemned to ostracism by the United States and Europe, the rupture with the secular parties became deeper, and thus the solution was deferred: the creation of coalition governments respected by their own peoples. Today, this continues to be the greatest challenge to establishing democracy in the Middle East; in no other place is this more acute than in Palestine and the Lebanon.

  20. Flat Plate Boundary Layer Stimulation Using Trip Wires and Hama Strips

    Peguero, Charles; Henoch, Charles; Hrubes, James; Fredette, Albert; Roberts, Raymond; Huyer, Stephen

    2017-11-01

    Water tunnel experiments on a flat plate at zero angle of attack were performed to investigate the effect of single roughness elements, i.e., trip wires and Hama strips, on the transition to turbulence. Boundary layer trips are traditionally used in scale model testing to force a boundary layer to transition from laminar to turbulent flow at a single location to aid in scaling of flow characteristics. Several investigations of trip wire effects exist in the literature, but there is a dearth of information regarding the influence of Hama strips on the flat plate boundary layer. The intent of this investigation is to better understand the effects of boundary layer trips, particularly Hama strips, and to investigate the pressure-induced drag of both styles of boundary layer trips. Untripped and tripped boundary layers along a flat plate at a range of flow speeds were characterized with multiple diagnostic measurements in the NUWC/Newport 12-inch water tunnel. A wide range of Hama strip and wire trip thicknesses were used. Measurements included dye flow visualization, direct skin friction and parasitic drag force, boundary layer profiles using LDV, wall shear stress fluctuations using hot film anemometry, and streamwise pressure gradients. Test results will be compared to the CFD and boundary layer model results as well as the existing body of work. Conclusions, resulting in guidance for application of Hama strips in model scale experiments and non-dimensional predictions of pressure drag will be presented.

  1. Islamist Women of Hamas : Between Feminism and Nationalism

    Islah Jad

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In December, 1995,when Hamas announced the establishment of the Islamic National Salvation Party, a political organisation separate from its military wing, it opened the way for involvement of the Islamic movement in the political processes brought about in the West Bank and Gaza with the signing of the Oslo Accords and the arrival of the Palestinian National Authority. In speaking of the rights of different groups, including women, in its founding statement, and in setting up in Gaza a Women’s Action Department, the new Party opened its doors to the ‘new Islamic woman’ and to a significant evolution in Islamist gender ideology in Gaza, if not in the West Bank -- where, due to Hamas’ policy there of targeting only males, there exists no parallel to the Salvation Party or organisational support for women like that represented by the Women’s Action Department in Gaza. Hamas’ gender ideology, like that of the secularist parties, remains contradictory, and doors to women’s equality only partly open ; nevertheless, Islamist women have managed to build impressive, well-organised women’s constituencies among highly educated and professional women coming from poor and refugee backgrounds ; and the Salvation Party shows an increasing tendency to foster gender equality and more egalitarian social ideals, while holding fast to the agenda of national liberation. These advances have been achieved both through alternative interpretations of Islamic legal and religious texts, and through positive engagement with the discourses of other groups, whether secular feminists or nationalists. In contrast, secularists are losing ground by advocating a discourse of rights in isolation from the national agenda and in the absence of a mobilising organisation. These developments suggest possibilities for mutual accommodation between Islamist and other Palestinian groups. They suggest also that the nature of the state proposed by Islamists will depend to

  2. EFEKTIVITAS DAN EFISIENSI MODEL PEMBELAJARAN IPA TERPADU TIPE INTEGRATED DALAM PEMBELAJARAN TEMA CAHAYA

    - Muqoyyanah

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian eksperimen ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui efektivitas dan efisiensi model pembelajaran terpadu yang memang sudahdianjurkan pemerintah untuk diterapkan dalam Kurikulum Tingkat Satuan Pendidikan (KTSP. Pembelajaran IPA terpadu tipeintegrated dipilih dengan menggabungkan materi dari tiga mata pelajaran, yaitu fisika, biologi, dan geografi dalam satu tema yaitucahaya. Populasi adalah kelas VIII semester 2 yang berjumlah 5 kelas. Pengambilan sampel dengan teknik random sampling.Hasilpenelitian menunjukkan bahwa hasil belajar kelompok kontrol lebih baik daripada kelompok eksperimen tetapi rata-rata nilai keduakelompok sudah melebihi Standar Ketuntasan Belajar Minimal (SKBM sekolah, yaitu 70. Ketuntasan klasikal kedua kelompokjuga sudah dicapai, bahkan ketuntasannya lebih dari 90%. Efektivitas model pembelajaran IPA terpadu tipe integrated tidakberbeda secara signifikan dengan model pembelajaran IPA terpisah tetapi lebih efisien dalam waktu pembelajaran. Jadi, modelpembelajaran terpadu layak diterapkan dalam pembelajaran dengan beberapa pembenahan. This experiment research aimed to find effectiveness and efficiency of integrated science learning model which is suggested by thegovernment to be applied in Kurikulum Tingkat Satuan Pendidikan (KTSP. The learning of integrated science was chosen bycombining the materials of three subjects: physics, biology and geography in a theme, which is light. The population of the researchwas the VIII grade second semester student consisting of five classes and sampling technique used was random sampling. Theresult of the research showed that learning achievement of control group was better than that of experiment group, but the averagevalue of both groups was more than minimal learning achievement standard of the school which was 70. Classical learning-masteryof both groups which was 90% has also been reached. Although the effectiveness of integrated science learning model was notdifferent significantly

  3. EFEKTIVITAS BAHAN AJAR IPA TERPADU TERHADAP KEMAMPUAN BERPIKIR TINGKAT TINGGI SISWA SMP

    L. Yuliati

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji efektivitas bahan ajar IPA terpadu untuk SMP, khususnya tema Air Limbah Rumah Tangga. Desain penelitian menggunakan kuasi-eksperimen dengan Pretest-Postest Control Group Design. Penelitian dilaksanakan di SMPN 20 Malang kelas VII. Sampel ditetapkan dengan purposive sampling. Perlakuan pada kelompok eksperimen adalah pembelajaran yang menggunakan bahan ajar IPA terpadu, sedangkan kelompok kontrol  menggunakan buku  sekolah elektronik (BSE. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah butir soal tes, lembar observasi pembelajaran, dan perangkat  pembelajaran. Analisis data dilakukan dengan Anava AB untuk uji perbedaan rerata dan uji scheffe untuk uji efektivitas bahan ajar. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan kemampuan berpikir tingkat tinggi pada siswa SMP yang menggunakan bahan ajar IPA Terpadu dengan siswa SMP yang menggunakan bahan ajar IPA yang terpisah bidang kajiannya, dan bahan ajar IPA terpadu efektif untuk meningkatkan kemampuan berpikir tingkat tinggi siswa. This study aims totest the effectiveness of an integrated science teaching materials for students of junior high school, particularly in themeof Domestic Wastewater. The study designused a quasi-experimental pretest-posttest with control group design. The experiment was conductedin Junior High School of Malang. Samples were determined by purposive sampling. Treatmentin the experimental group was learning to integrated science teaching materials, whereas in the control group with the teaching materials available in schools. The instrument used were a matter oftestitems, observation sheets of learning, and learningtools. Data analysis was performed with AnovaAB totestmean difference and Scheffetesttotestthe effectiveness ofinstructional materials. The results showed that 1there aredifferences inhigher-order thinkingskillsinjunior high school students using teaching materials in integrated science withjunior high school students

  4. MODEL TANAMAN HORTIKULTURA ORGANIK PADA UNIT PELAKSANA TEKNIS PERTANIAN TERPADU UNIVERSITAS LANCANG KUNING

    Latifa Siswati

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAKPenelitian ini mengetahui model pertanian tanaman hortikultura organic  .Pertanian organik merupakan suatu usahatani untuk melakukan pemberian pupuk berasal dari urin sapi dan tidak mengandung zat kimia . ini berarti limbah yang dihasilkan akan dimanfaatkan kembali menjadi sumberdaya yang dapat menghasilkan.  Pada penelitian ini tujuan yang ingin dicapai adalah menemukan tanaman hortikultura organik. Mengetahui pendapatan jenis hortikultura.menerapkan pengembangan agribisnis tanaman unggulan dengan   pupuk urin sapi di lahan  dengan pertanian terpadu memiliki manfaat ekonomis dan ekologis.Metode penelitian adalah ekperimen , dilakukan penanaman tanaman hortikultura kangkung,timun, pare, gambas Unit Pelaksana Teknis Univ.Lancang Kuning kota Pekanbaru. Penelitian ini  dapat memberikan model tanaman hortikultura organic serta  mengurangi biaya pupuk tanaman.Hasil penelitian Model tanaman kacang panjang diberikan pupuk urin sapi  yang terbaik. penaman sayur di Unit Pelaksana Teknis  Pertanian terpadu diperoleh hasil tanaman dengan pemakaian pupuk urin cair terjadi peningkatan berat tanaman .Pendapatan pertanian terpadu Rp 514.000- per periode.Key word: pupuk cair, hortikultura,pendapatan 

  5. Signoles Aude, Le Hamas au pouvoir et après ?, Toulouse, Editions Milan, 2006.

    Jean-François Legrain

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Dans les étroites limites imposées par la collection (absence totale de notes et de bibliographie, 112 p. en format réduit, le petit livre d’Aude Signoles, Le Hamas au pouvoir et après ?, commence à combler un vide de l’édition française. Le seul livre jusque là disponible en français et entièrement consacré à Hamas remonte à 7 années maintenant ; doté de nombreuses erreurs factuelles et faisant comme si Hamas était apparu avec l’autonomie des années 1990, il ignorait tout de son passé d’Ass...

  6. The new Hamas document: An analytical reading of its development and application

    Ahmed ALMadani

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO has been the sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people since the creation of the Palestinian. The PLO adopted the option of armed struggle against the Israeli occupation, but ended with the signing of the Oslo accords between the Palestine Liberation Organization and Israel in the 1990s. The Islamic Resistance Movement in Palestine (Hamas was established in the 1980s. Hamas developed its political ideas through a new political document resulted in a new vision to resolve the Palestinian-Israeli conflict by transforming the conflict from religious conflict to political conflict and accepting the establishment of a Palestinian state on the 1967 borders as a common ground between the Palestinian movements and parties, while the armed struggle remains a path of resistance. The purpose of this article is to truly understand this development and the possibility of its application on the ground or not, by clarifying the differences between the ideas of the former and the new Hamas, The researcher relied on a number of academic articles and political research in addition to the political TV shows that talked about the new document, the Arab and international positions of this document, The result of this article is that the Palestinian Hamas movement as a Palestinian resistance movement is capable of political development and finding the alternatives available to solve the Palestinian file while preserving the Palestinian national constants. The Conclusion is the Palestinian Hamas movement is developing with the developments of regional and international events and political development has been partially accepted internationally, Hamas have to work more in the political field to balance between political development and the Palestinian constants.

  7. Palestiinlaste katastroof : Iisraeli asundused ja äärmuslik Hamas / Ivar Soopan

    Soopan, Ivar, 1971-

    2007-01-01

    Äärmusrühmituse Hamas võit 2006. aastal Palestiina parlamendivalimistel näitas, et rahvas oli väsinud korrumpeerunud võimust, samas ei pööratud tähelepanu sellele, et Hamas kasutab oma eesmärkide saavutamiseks vägivalda. Palestiina teabeminister Mustafa Barghout taunib, et Iisrael ei võta Palestiina valitsust kui ühtset võimu, vaid teeb vahet Hamasi ja teiste poliitiliste jõudude ministritel. Palestiinlane Ala Shehadeh palestiinlaste intifadadest, juudi asunduste probleemist. Vt. samas: Miks Palestiinas elatakse nagu sada aastat tagasi?

  8. Asap Cair Sabut Kelapa sebagai Repelan Bagi Hama Padi Walang Sangit (Leptocorisa oratorius

    Rachmat S. Santoso

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Asap cair sabut kelapa berpotensi sebagai repelan terhadap hama padi walang sangit (Leptocorisa oratorius Corixa Acuta Thumb. Asap cair ini diperoleh melalui pirolisis dari bahan yang banyak mengandung biomasa yaitu hemi selulosa, selulosa dan lignin dimana dekomposisinya merupakan senyawa fenol dan asam serta turunannya. Hasil identifikasi asap cair ini ada 25 senyawa dan 3 senyawa dominan diantaranya asam palmitat, metal oleat, siklo tetraheksana, yang mampu bekerja aktif sebagai repelan terhadap walang sangit hingga dapat menekan populasi menuju arah nilai ambang ekonomi. Serta bersifat anti mikroba dan bacteria bagi hama dan penyakit tanaman.Kata kunci: Asap cair, Repelan, Walang sangit.

  9. Sistem Informasi Manajemen Terpadu Tanggap Darurat Bencana Berbasis Web

    Isnardi ,

    2015-07-01

    tersebut dapat tersedia secara up to date sehingga tercapai sebuah sistem pendistribusian bantuan yang efisien dan efektif terutama sesaat setelah terjadinya bencana.Dengan judul penelitian Sistem Informasi Manajemen Terpadu Tanggap Darurat Bencana Berbasis Web, maka telah dapat disajikan beberapa informasi seperti (a. Dampak bencana di daerah tertentu melalui web secara visual yang ditampilkan dalam bentuk gambar atau foto, video dan peta (b. Daftar kebutuhan pokok mendesak bagi korban bencana di setiap terkena bencana (c. Jumlah bantuan yang tersedia di posko bantuan bencana dan (d. Jumlah bantuan yang telah didistribusikan ke daerah terkena bencana serta (d. Data dan Jumlah korban pasca bencana di setiap daerah.Dengan adanya kegiatan penelitian ini, dihasilkan sebuah web site yang berperan sebagai pusat informasi tanggap darurat bencana yang mampu mengakomodir seluruh informasi masyarakat akan jenis bantuan yang dibutuhkan serta jumiah bantuan yang telah berhasil disalurkan agar tidak terjadi penumpukan bantuan di daerah tertentu dehingga distribusi bantuan akan merata untuk seluruh daerah-daerah yang terkena dampak  bencana.Keyword : Bencana, Web, Sistem, Distribusi, Bantuan

  10. PRODUKSI ETANOL DARI TETES TEBU OLEH Saccharomyces cerevisiae PEMBENTUK FLOK (NRRL – Y 265 (Ethanol Production from Cane Molasses by Flocculant Saccharomyces cerevisiae (NRRL – Y 265

    Agustin Krisna Wardani

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The potential use of sugar cane molasses by flocculant Saccharomyces cerevisiae in ethanol production was investigated. In order to minimize the negative effect of calcium on yeast growth, pretreated sugar cane molasses with dilute acid was performed. The influence of process parameters such as sugar concentration and inoculum concentration were evaluated for enhancing bioethanol production. Result showed that maximum ethanol concentration of 8,792% (b/v was obtained at the best condition of inoculum concentration 10% (v/v and sugar concentration 15% (b/v. Based on the experimental data, maximum yield of ethanol production of 65% was obtained. This result demonstrated the potential of molasses as promising biomass resources for ethanol production. Keywords: Ethanol, preteated cane molasses, flocculant Saccharomyces cerevisiae, fermentation   ABSTRAK Efisiensi produksi bioetanol diperoleh melalui ketepatan pemilihan jenis mikroorganisme, bahan baku, dan kontrol proses fermentasi. Alternatif proses untuk meminimalisasi biaya produksi etanol adalah dengan mengeliminasi tahap pemisahan sentrifugasi sel dari produk karena memerlukan biaya instalasi dan biaya perawatan yang tinggi. Proses sentrifugasi merupakan tahapan penting untuk memisahkan sel mikroba dari medium fermentasi pada produksi bioetanol. Untuk meminimalisir biaya produksi akibat proses tersebut digunakan inokulum Saccharomyces cerevisiae pembentuk flok dan tetes tebu sebagai sumber gula. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan konsentrasi penambahan inokulum Saccharomyces cerevisiae pembentuk flok dan konsentrasi sumber gula dalam tetes tebu yang tepat dalam produksi etanol yang maksimum. Saccharomyces cerevisiae sebanyak 5%, 10%, dan 15% (v/v diinokulasikan pada medium tetes tebu hasil pretreatment dengan kandungan gula 15%, 20%, dan 25% (b/v pada pH 5. Fermentasi dilakukan pada suhu 30°C dan agitasi 100 rpm selama 72 jam. Etanol tertinggi didapat pada kondisi konsentrasi inokulum

  11. Hamas võitis Palestiina valimised ülekaalukalt / Kaivo Kopli

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2006-01-01

    Enamiku vaatlejate hinnangul võib islamirühmituse Hamas võit Palestiina parlamendivalimistel kustutada lootuse rahukõneluste jätkamiseks Iisraeliga. Valitsus astus tagasi, ka president Mahmud Abbas võib tagasi astuda, kui ei suuda uue valitsusega rahuprotsesside edendamiseks koostööd teha. Lisa: Vastukajasid Hamasi võidule

  12. EFEKTIVITAS AGENS PENGENDALI HAYATI DAN INSEKTISIDA SINTETIK TERHADAP HAMA TANAMAN PADI DI KECAMATAN MAYANG KABUPATEN JEMBER

    Suci Maghfiratul

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAKPadi (Oryza sativa L merupakan komoditas tanaman pangan utama di Indonesia. Hambatan dalam produksi padi yaitu serangan Organisme Pengganggu Tanaman (OPT. Tujuan penelitian ini yaitu untuk mengetahui efektivitas APH (Agens Pengendali Hayati dalam mengendalikan OPT serta mengetahui pengaruh pengendalian APH terhadap produksi padi. Penelitian dilakukan di lahan pertanaman padi di Kecamatan Mayang, Kabupaten Jember pada bulan juni sampai september 2014. Penelitian dirancang dengan Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK yang terdiri 5 perlakuan yaitu: P1 = Nematoda Entomopatogen (NEP, P2 = Beauveria bassiana, P3 = Bakteri Merah Serratia spp., P4 = Insektisida, dan P5 = Kontrol setiap perlakuan diulang sebanyak 5 kali. Parameter yang diamati meliputi jenis hama pada tanaman padi: belalang hijau, kepik hijau, dan walang sangit, populasi hama pada tanaman padi, produksi padi yang meliputi berat basah dan berat kering hasil panen padi. Hasil pengematan menunjukkan bahwa berbagai jenis APH memiliki pengaruh yang tidak signifikan terhadap penurunan populasi hama belalang hijau (Oxya sp dengan rerata populasi mencapai 4,12 ekor/10rumpun, populasi kepik hijau (Nezara viridula dengan rerata 0,56 ekor/10rumpun dan walang sangit (Leptocorisa oratorius F. dengan rerata 4,76 ekor/10rumpun diakhir pengamatan (91 HST. Hasil berat gabah kering sawah dan berat gabah kering giling terbanyak yaitu pada perlakuan P4 (Insektisida sebesar 532 gram dan 432 gram, sedangkan hasil produksi terkecil pada perlakuan P3 (Bakteri merah sebesar 468 gram dan 390 gram.Kata kunci: Padi, Hama, Agens hayati 

  13. Sistem Pakar Diagnosis Hama dan Penyakit Tanaman Hortikultura dengan Teknik Inferensi Forward dan Backward Chaining

    Ginanjar Wiro Sasmito

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available One of the obstacles to doing cultivation of horticulture plant is to overcome pest and disease. Pest and disease attack can decrease productivity and even causes harvest fail that influence toward one of income sources the country. Therefore the diagnose on pest and disease must be done fastly and accurately. One of horticulture plant is red onion and chili plant. An expert system is offered as the second choice after expert on consultation. Using Expert System Development Life Cycle (ESDLC method, combination inference engine of and backward chaining for diagnosing pest and horticulture plant disease created as giving the solution. The technique of reasoning used in this research is the rule-based. The result of the research is an application that can be used to diagnosis pest and disease horticulture plant, that are red onion and chili. By this application, the farmer can determine quick action should be taken if the farm pests and diseases, without waiting for a consultation with an expert to do the handling. The application result also could be a learning system to the farmer about pest and disease horticulture plant. Salah satu kendala melakukan budidaya tanaman hortikultura adalah dalam mengatasi hama dan penyakit. Serangan hama dan penyakit dapat menurunkan produktivitas dan bahkan menyebabkan gagal panen yang berpengaruh terhadap salah satu sumber devisa negara. Oleh karena itu, diagnosis terhadap hama dan penyakit harus dilakukan dengan cepat dan akurat. Tanaman hortikultura tersebut salah satunya adalah bawang merah dan cabai. Sistem pakar dihadirkan sebagai pilihan kedua setelah pakar dalam melakukan konsultasi. Dengan menggunakan metode Expert System Development Life Cycle (ESDLC, penggabungan teknik inferensi forward dan backward chaining untuk diagnosis hama dan penyakit tanaman hortikultura dibuat sebagai solusi atas permasalahan yang ada. Teknik penalaran yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini yakni rule-based reasoning. Hasil

  14. The use of offensive public relations during a conflict: Hamas's efforts to damage Israel's image during the 2010 flotilla

    Tomer Mozes-Sadeh

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Crisis communication models contain strategies to rehabilitate an organization's image, but do not deal with strategies used to damage the image of another player or competitor. Using qualitative content analysis of 178 items published by Palestinian Information Center (PIC, the Hamas's leading website, the purpose of this manuscript is to examine Hamas's efforts to run offensive PR and to harm Israel's image restoration efforts at the time of the flotilla crisis in May 2010. We discover that Hamas deployed a strategy that consisted of five elements: evidence of existence of the crisis event, damages, victims, performance history and undermining the competitor's response.

  15. Perencanaan Terpadu Penanganan Pekerja Anak (Studi Pada Dinas Sosial Tenaga Kerja dan Transmigrasi Kabupaten Bandung Barat

    Nur Kamilah

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Anak merupakan karunia yang berharga bagi orang tua, lingkungan, bangsa dan negara untuk masa kini dan masa yang akan datang. Anak merupakan generasi penerus bangsa yang mempunyai hak asasi atau hak dasar. Salah satu hak dasar anak adalah adanya jaminan untuk tumbuh kembang secara optimal baik secara fisik, mental, sosial dan intelektual. Namun pada kenyataannya tidak semua anak mempunyai kesempatan untuk mendapatkan hak dasar tersebut secara optimal. Bagi keluarga yang kurang mampu secara ekonomi akan mendorong anak-anak ini untuk bekerja. Membantu orang tuanya dalam mencari nafkah. Tidak jarang anak-anak ini bekerja pada bentuk-bentuk pekerjaan terburuk untuk anak (BPTA. Mereka bekerja pada bentuk-bentuk pekerjaan yang sifatnya dapat membahayakan keselamatan dan kesehatan anak tersebut dan  tentunya akan  berpengaruh pula pada tumbuh kembangnya. Latar belakang penelitian ini adalah mengenai perencanaan terpadu dalam menangani pekerja anak. Dimana anak-anak yang bekerja tersebut adalah anak-anak yang putus sekolah. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mendeskripsikan dan menganalisis penanganan pekerja anak di Dinas Sosial Tenaga Kerja dan Transmigrasi Kabupaten Bandung Barat serta mendeskripsikan dan menganalisis perencanaan terpadu  dalam penanganan pekerja anak di Kabupaten Bandung Barat. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode deskriptif dengan pendekatan kualitatif. Teknik pengumpulan data dengan wawancara, observasi dan studi dokumen serta menggunakan analisis data kualitatif model interaktif (Miles dan Huberman.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penanganan pekerja anak di Kabupaten Bandung Barat sudah dilaksanakan melalui upaya preventif, kuratif dan represif dengan melibatkan stakeholders di Kabupaten Bandung Barat. Para stakeholders sudah berpartisipasi aktif pada upaya penanganan pekerja anak melalui Program Pengurangan Pekerja Anak dalam mendukung Program Keluarga Harapan (PPA-PKH. Namun masih harus lebih meningkatkan

  16. Implementasi Kebijakan Pembelajaran Tematik Terpadu Kurikulum 2013 di SDN Kauman 1 Malang dan SD Muhammadiyah 1 Malang

    . Mulyadin

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Implementasi Kebijakan Pembelajaran Tematik Terpadu Kurikulum 2013 di SDN Kauman 1 Malang dan SD Muhammadiyah 1 Malang. Tujuan penelitian ini yaitu untuk mendeskripsikan dan menganalisis implementasi kebijakan pembelajaran tematik terpadu yang dilihat dari perencanaan pembelajaran, pelaksanaan pembelajaran, penilaian hasil pembelajaran, dan pengawasan pembelajaran di SDN Kauman 1 Malang dan SD Muhammadiyah 1 Malang. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah pendekatan kualitatif dan dibantu menggunakan data statistitik dengan rancangan penelitian deskriptif. Data dalam penelitian ini diambil dari hasil kuesioner dan wawancara pada responden dan observasi pelaksanaan pembelajarannya. Subjek penelitian ini adalah Kepala Sekolah, Wakil Kepala Sekolah Bidang Kurikulum dan Guru. Berdasarkan data hasil penelitian bahwa implementasi kebijakan pembelajaran tematik terpadu kurikulum 2013 di SDN Kauman 1 Malang dan SD Muhammadiyah 1 Malang sudah dikategorikan baik, hal ini dilihat dari aspek penguasaan, pemahaman dan kemampuan guru dalam proses perencanaan pembelajaran, pelaksanaan pembelajaran, dan penilaian hasil belajar begitupun pada proses pengawasan yang dilakukan oleh kepala sekolah sudah berjalan maksimal sesuai dengan tugas dan tanggung jawabnya seperti yang ada pada Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan (Permendikbud Republik Indonesia Nomor 65 Tahun 2013 tentang Standar Proses Pendidikan Dasar dan Menengah. Kata Kunci: Implementasi, Pembelajaran Tematik Terpadu dan Kurikulum 2013

  17. MODEL PENGENDALIAN TERPADU VEKTOR DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE DI KOTA SALATIGA

    Akhid Darwin

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakSalatiga  merupakan  salah  satu  kota  di  Jawa  Tengah  yang  termasuk  sebagiai  wilayah  endemisitas  tinggi demam  berdarah  dengue. Angka  Kematian  Kasus  (CFR  DBD  cenderung  berfluktuasi  yaitu  Tahun  2008 sebesar  1,39%  pada  72  kasus,  Tahun  2009  dengan  109  kasus,  CFR  0,92%  dan  Tahun  2010  terdapat  155 kasus,  CFR  0%. Pemberantasan  Sarang  Nyamuk  (PSN  sebagai  kegiatan  yang  strategis  sampai  saat  ini belum  optimal dilaksanakan.  Alternatif  pengendalian  vektor  DBD  pada  penelitian  ini mengkombinasikan pengendalian kimiawi (pemakaian gorden berisektisida sipermethrin plus etil selulosa dengan pengendalian hayati menggunakan predator larva Mesocyclops aspericornis. Pemilihan metode pengendalian berdasarkan kebiasaan nyamuk menggigit orang (antropofilik di dalam rumah dan beristirahat di tempat-tempat gelap (fototropi  negatif,  lembab  dan  status  kerentanan  terhadap  insektisida  serta  daya  predasi  M.aspericornis terhadap  jentik  nyamuk  Ae.  aegypti. Tujuan  penelitian  adalah  untuk  mengendalikan  Ae.  aegypti  secara terpadu melaluipengendalian hayati (M. aspericornis dan aplikasi gorden berinsektisida sipermethrin10EC plus etil sellulosa 0,1%. Rancangan penelitian adalah eksperimen semu dengan pre-posttest group design pada  penurunan  indikator  entomologi  dan  posttest  control  group  design  untuk  pengujian  efikasi  gorden berinsektisida sipermethrin plus etil sellulosa terhadap vektor DBD. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya penurunan  signifikan  angka  bebas  jentik  (ABJ  sebesar  96,27%  dari  semula  85,05%,  ovitrap  indeks  dari 14,49% turun menjadi 8,88% dan daya bunuh gorden berinsektisida sipermethrin plus etil sellulosa terhadap nyamuk Ae. aegypti 82,93% pada minggu ke-15 (3 bulan.Kata Kunci:DBD, angka bebas jentik, M. aspericornis dan gorden berinsektisida

  18. SISTEM PAKAR MENGGUNAKAN MESIN INFERENSI FUZZY UNTUK MENENTUKAN HAMA DAN PENYAKIT PADA TANAMAN BAWANG MERAH

    Wilis Kaswidjanti

    2010-01-01

    Penelitian ini dilakukan berdasarkan atas kebutuhan akan adanya alat bantu bagi petani dalam menentukan hama/penyakit pada tanaman sayuran/palawija serta bagaimana mengendalikannya agar tidak keliru dalam memakai peptisida. Alat bantu tersebut merupakan sistem pakar yang selain untuk mendiagnosis, sistem ini diharapkan mampu memberikan saran-saran pengendalian. Pada dasarnya perangkat lunak ini terdiri atas 2 bagian utama, yaitu bagian input basis pengetahuan, dan bagian konsultasi. Keputusan yang diambil dengan menggunakan metode aturan. Metode inferensi yang digunakan adalah metode inferensi fuzzy dengan defuzzifikasi menggunakan metode max-min dan center average. Keluaran dari perangkat lunak ini adalah jenis hama/penyakit yang menyerang tanaman dan saran pengendaliannya sesuai dengan besar kerusakan yang dialami oleh tanaman tersebut.

  19. PENGEMBANGAN PERANGKAT PEMBELAJARAN IPA TERPADU BERKARAKTER MENGGUNAKAN PENDEKATAN HUMANISTIK BERBANTU ALAT PERAGA MURAH

    A. Widiyatmoko

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan dari penelitian adalah menghasilkan perangkat pembelajaran IPA terpadu yang dapat memfasilitasi siswa untuk mengembangkan kemampuan yang dimiliki secara menyeluruh sehingga memiliki daya saing yang unggul, mampu mengikuti perkembangan IPTEK, dan memiliki karakter yang bersumber pada nilai-nilai pancasila. Dari hasil penelitian dan pembahasan maka dapat disimpulkan bahwa pengembangan perangkat pembelajaran IPA terpadu berkarakter menggunakan pendekatan humanistik berbantu alat peraga murah di sekolah menengah berupa silabus, RPP, alat peraga, LKS, dan modul yang dihasilkan melalui alur Four-D model, yaitu definition (pendefinisian, design (perancangan, development (pengembangan dan disseminate (penyebaran yang telah melalui tahap validasi dan revisi. The purpose of the research is to produce an integrated science learning tools that can facilitate learners to develop the capabilities of the whole so that it has a superior competitive, able to follow the development of science and technology, and has a character which is based on the values of Pancasila. From the results of research and discussion, it can be concluded that the development of the integrated science learning character humanistic approach berbantu cheap props in the form of school syllabi, lesson plans, visual aids, worksheets, and the modules produced by Four-D flow model, the definition (defining, design (design, development (development and disseminate (spread that have gone through the validation and revision.

  20. Palestiina valimised suurelt võitnud Hamas keeras al-Qaidale selja / Heiki Suurkask

    Suurkask, Heiki, 1972-

    2006-01-01

    Al-Qaida kritiseeris Hamasi valimistel osalemise eest, Hamasi liidri al-Zahari sõnul on Hamas, võttes omaks mõõdukama lähenemise, suutnud leida oma islamiprogrammile valijaid. Hamasi esindajate väitel on Iisraeli riigi tunnustamine vaid Palestiina rahva võimuses. Lisa: Iisrael aitas kaasa Hamasi võimule. Vt. samas: Hamasi rajajate ja al-Qaida juhtide taust on ühine

  1. Pengaruh Variasi Mikroorganisme dan Pelarut Dalam Produksi Etanol Dari Nira Tebu (Sachharum officinarum Dengan Proses Fermentasi Ekstraktif

    Yusfa Anugrah Baihaki

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Kebutuhan energi dari bahan bakar minyak bumi (BBM didunia semakin tahun mengalami peningkatan tajam. Salah satu energi alternatif yang didorong pemerintah Indonesia adalah dengan memproduksi bioetanol. Salah satu bahan yang sangat berpotensial sebagai bahan baku utama dalam pembuatan bioetanol adalah nira batang tebu. Upaya peningkatan produktivitas etanol dilakukan secara kontinyu dikarenakan pada fermentasi konvensional terdapat kendala pada produktivitas dan konsentrasi etanol yang rendah. Untuk itu perlu dilakukan penelitian untuk produksi etanol dengan keunggulan keterpaduan proses dan rendah energi yang selanjutnya dapat dijadikan sebagai dasar desain untuk rancang bangun skala industri kecil. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui performa terbaik dari variasi mikroorganisme dan pelarut yang digunakan dalam memproduksi etanol dengan proses fermentasi ekstraktif dan untuk mengetahui karakteristik kinerja sistem fermentasi kontinyu dalam bioreaktor packed bed dengan variasi mikroorganisme. Dalam penelitian ini digunakan macam variasi mikroorganisme Zymomonasmobilis A3 termutasi dan campuran Saccharomyces cerevisiae dan Pichiastipitis dengan sistem tanpa recycle dan pelarut n-Amyl Alcohol. Dari penelitian yang telah dilakukan diperoleh kesimpulan bahwa proses fermentasi kontinyu dan ekstraksi tanpa recycle menggunakan Zymomonas mobilis A3 dan pelarut n-Amyl Alkohol memberikan hasil produktivitas dan yield yang terbaik, yaitu sebesar 133,417 g/l.jam dan 35,049%.

  2. Pengaruh Panjang Serat Terhadap Nilai Koefisien Absorpsi Suara dan Sifat Mekanik Komposit Serat Ampas Tebu dengan Matriks Gipsum

    Stefanus Laga Suban

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk membuat material komposit gipsum berpenguat serat alam untuk bahan penyerap suara. Permasalahan yang dikaji adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan panjang serat pada komposit ampas tebu bermatrik  gipsum terhadap nilai koefisien absorpsi suara (α, kekuatan tekan, dan kekuatan lenturnya. Panjang serat yang digunakan adalah 10mm, 30mm, dan 50mm  dengan fraksi volum 30% serat : 70% gipsum. Tujuannya untuk mendapatkan hubungan nilai koefisien absorpsi suara, kuat lentur, dan kuat tekan dengan panjang serat yang diberikan serta aplikasinya dalam material bahan penyerap suara yang memenuhi standar ISO 11654. Metode pembuatan spesimen komposit yang digunakan adalah hand lay up. Metode pengujian berdasarkan standart ASTM E1050 untuk pengujian koefisien absorpsi suara, ASTM D790 untuk pengujian kuat lentur, dan ASTM D695 untuk pengujian kuat tekan. Dari hasil pengujian didapatkan nilai koefisien absorpsi suara memenuhi standar ISO 11654 dengan nilai koefisien α lebih besar dari 0,15. Nilai kuat lentur terbaik ialah pada panjang serat 30mm sebesar 1,952 MPa. Nilai kuat tekan terbaik ialah pada panjang serat 50mm sebesar 2,005 MPa

  3. Kinerja dan Nilai Tambah Agroindustri Sabut Kelapa pada Kawasan USAha Agroindustri Terpadu (Kuat) di Kecamatan Pesisir Selatan Kabupaten Pesisir Barat

    Safitri, Yunica; Abidin, Zainal; Rosanti, Novi

    2014-01-01

    The research aims to analyze (1) the performance (physic and financially) of cocofiber agroindustry, (2) added value of coco fiber agroindustry. The research was conducted in Kawasan Usaha Agroindustri Terpadu(KUAT) at Pesisir Selatan Sub-District of Pesisir Barat District and the location was choosen purposively. Research location was chosen purposively based on the quantity of workers. Data were analyzed using descriptive quantitative method. The results showed that (1) performance o...

  4. PENGEMBANGAN MODUL PEMBELAJARAN TEMATIK TERPADU BERBASIS KEARIFAN LOKAL KABUPATEN SUMENEP KELAS IV SUBTEMA LINGKUNGAN TEMPAT TINGGALKU

    Moh. Farid Nurul Anwar

    2017-10-01

    Buku siswa dari pemerintah kurang kontekstual. Oleh karena itu, modul pembelajaran memiliki peran penting sebagai pelengkap kekurangan tersebut. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menghasilkan modul pembelajaran tematik terpadu berbasis kearifan lokal Kabupaten Sumenep kelas IV subtema Lingkungan Tempat Tinggalku yang memiliki kevalidan dan keefektivan. Model pengembangan yang digunakan yaitu Borg & Gall dengan sedikit modifkasi. Hasil uji validasi ahli materi, bahasa dan desain beturut-turut 76,3%, 92,74%, dan 82,80%. Hasil uji lapangan menunjukkan nilai ketuntasan aspek sikap, keterampilan, dan pengetahuan berturut-turut 96,25; 90,27; 89,54. Hasil penelitian dan pengembangan modul pada penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa modul yang dihasilkan memiliki kevalidan dan keefektivan sehingga layak digunakan.

  5. MODEL SISTEM PEMBANGKIT LISTRIK TENAGA SURYA TERPADU DENGAN BATERAI TERHUBUNG JARINGAN LISTRIK

    Subiyanto Subiyanto

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Pemanfaatan energi matahari sebagai energi bersih dan terbarukan melalui sistem pembangkitan listrik tenaga surya terkoneksi dengan jaringan listrik umum (PLTSTJL misalnya Perusahaan Listrik Negara telah menjadi perhatian yang besar bagi para peneliti sebelumnya. Perkembangan terbaru sistem PLTSTJL ini adalah dipadu dengan sistem penyimpan energi untuk menjaga stabilitas dan keandalan sistem tenaga listrik. Paper ini menyajikan model PLTSTJL yang lebih stabil, efektif, murah dan handal daripada sistem yang telah ada yang mendukung kawasan lingkungan konservasi. Metode yang dipakai dalam paper ini adalah melakukan tinjauan pustaka untuk mempelajari dan mengetahui perkembangan sistem yang ada. Langkah berikutnya adalah melakukan desain, pemodelan, simulasi dan analisis topologi yang optimal untuk sistem PLTSTJL terpadu dengan sistem penyimpan energi barupa baterai. Pengubah daya antara baterai dan jaringan listrik adalah sistem 2 arah Selanjutnya mengembangan suatu koordinasi strategi pengendalian yang baru berbasis sistem cerdas yaitu fuzzy logic controller (FLC dalam sistem PLTSTJL tersebut Unjuk kerja sistem yang dikembangkan dibandingan dengan model-model yang telah ada.

  6. Sõjakas Hamas loodab Palestiinas võimupirukast suure tüki võtta / Kaarel Kaas

    Kaas, Kaarel, 1978-

    2006-01-01

    25. jaanuaril Palestiinas toimuvatest parlamendivalimistest. Lähis-Ida Konsultatsiooniinstituudi poolt avalikustatud avaliku arvamuse uuringu andmetel võib islamiliikumine Hamas saada pea pooled parlamendi saadikukohtadest, võimupartei Fatah toetus on vähenenud ja ta saaks 59 kohta. Lisa: Valimiste võtmekujud

  7. OPTIMASI FERMENTASI BAGAS TEBU OLEH Zymomonas mobilis CP4 (NRRL B-14023 UNTUK PRODUKSI BIOETANOL (Optimization of Sugarcane Bagasse Fermentation by Zymomonas mobilis CP4 (NRRL B-14023 for Bioethanol Production

    Atmiral Ernes

    2014-10-01

    (v/v. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian, kadar etanol optimal diperoleh sebesar 1,213% (v/v, yang menunjukkan hasil yang tidak berbeda jauh dengan prediksi model. Yield etanol yang diperoleh sebesar 0,479 dengan efi siensi fermentasi 93,9%. Hasil penelitian ini membuktikan bahwa strain bakteri Zymomonas mobilis CP4 memiliki potensi yang cukup menjanjikan sebagai mikroba penghasil etanol. Kata kunci: Bioetanol, bagas tebu, Zymomonas mobilis CP4, optimasi fermentasi

  8. The Use of Herringbone technique in Comprehending Recount Text at The Tenth Grade Students of Madrasah Aliyah Swasta Terpadu Duri

    deny silvia

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available This study was conducted to find out whether there was a significant difference between reading comprehension recount text ability of students who were taught by using Herringbone technique and those who were taught without using Herringbone technique. The research method used was experimental research. The instruments  for collecting data was test. It was given to subjects before and after the experiment. The test was used in order to find out the students comprehension ability on recount text. The subject chosen for this study were 62 students at the tenth grade of Madrasah Aliyah Swasta Terpadu Duri. They were divided into two group: experimental and control group. Based on finding, the results of t-test and interpretations, the following conclusions were drawn: (1 Herringbone Technique  was applicable to improve students` ablity in comprehending recount text, (2 there was a significant difference between reading comprehension ability of students who were taught  before using Herringbone Technique and those who were taught after using  Herringbone Technique. And  (3 there was significant effect of using Herringbone Technique in comprehending recount text at the Tenth Grade Students of Madrasah Aliyah Swasta Terpadu Duri. It was evidence by calculation of t- test. The result of t-test was  (2, 00 2, 65. It could be concluded that Ha was accepted.   Key Words: Herringbone Technique, Recount Text

  9. THE USE OF HERRINGBONE TECHNIQUE IN COMPREHENDING RECOUNT TEXT AT THE TENTH GRADE STUDENTS OF MADRASAH ALIYAH TERPADU DURI

    Deny Silvia

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available This study was conducted to find out whether there was a significant difference between reading comprehension recount text ability of students who were taught by using Herringbone Technique and those who were taught without using Herringbone Technique. The research method used was experimental research. The instrument for collecting data was test. It was given to subjects before and after the experiment. The test was used in order to find out the students comprehension ability on recount text. The subject chosen for this study were 62 students at the tenth grade of Madrasah Aliyah Swasta Terpadu Duri. They were divided into two groups: experimental and control group. Based on the finding, the results of t-test and interpretations, the following conclusions were drawn: (1 Herringbone Technique is applicable to improve students` ablity in comprehending recount text, (2 there is a significant difference between reading comprehension ability of students who were taught before using Herringbone Technique and those who were taught after using Herringbone Technique. And (3 there is significant effect of using Herringbone Technique in comprehending recount text at the Tenth Grade Students of Madrasah Aliyah Swasta Terpadu Duri. It was proved by the calculation of t- test. The result of t-test was (2,00 2,65. It could be concluded that Herringbone Technique improves students’ ability in comprehending recount text.

  10. STUDI KOMPARASI PELAYANAN PERIZINAN TERPADU SATU PINTU (PPTSP DALAM PENERAPAN BUDAYA ORGANISASI

    Rhini Fatmasari

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The integrated of one-stop service is one of the major breakthroughs made by the government in order to improve public services, its specialized in the field of licensing through Permendagri number 24 concerning about Pelayanan Perizinan Terpadu Satu Pintu (PPTSP. In Government regulation district/city administration are required to have PPTSP Institutions, not only formality in the sense of institutional institutions but also in terms of value and mechanisms. General trend in Indonesia is difficult to start a formal business due to hit on the difficulty of the licenses. Although, all parties aware that businesses, especially Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs is one of the main pillar of the nation's economy. Overall formation of the PPTSP can be said to be successful in the district/city. But the success is not evenly distributed in the context of the development of organizational culture. If the formation of institutions PPTSP more leads to the formation of organization and mechanisms that are supported by regulatory which is the organization's culture is more directed at the behavior.The research was conducted in three PPTSP namely District Sragen, District Solok and District 50 Kota by comparing the third success and how to develop organization culture. The results showed that the success 50 Kota in develop of public service supported by the formation of organizational culture continuously. Formation of organization culture done with socializing the values espoused in organization, particularly cultural services to consumers. Success of District Sragen not be separated from the region’s ability to internalize the values of service to staff 50 Kota. The same think was not seen in District Solok and District 50 Kota.

  11. PERAN KEPEMIMPINAN KONTAK TANI DALAM PROSES DIFUSI INOVASI TEKNOLOGI PENGELOLAAN TANAMAN DAN SUMBERDAYA TERPADU PADI

    Pepi Rospina Pertiwi

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Farmers group is lead by a farmer leader that was expected to improve a dynamic of group activities. The farmer leader has significant role in ensuring the relationship between farmers in relation to the information sharing of the agricultural innovation. This study was aimed to examine the leadership role of the farmer leaders in the process of technology diffusion namely PTT Paddy, an innovation that was currently being introduced. An explanatory research design was chosen to describe the phenomenon of the leadership role of farmer leaders that was evaluated by other farmers. The research was conducted in the subdistrict Carenang, Serang, Banten. Forty participants in successfull farmer groups were selected to evaluate farmer leadership characteristics. The results showed that the farmer leaders have been helping the group to achieve goals, improving communication, increasing the motivation of the farmers, facilitating the farming infrastructure, and solving problems. The role of the farmer leaders as bridging agent in communication is categorized satisfactory. This role is effectively used in the process of the innovation dissemination of PTT Paddy to the farmers. Kelompok tani dipimpin oleh seorang kontak tani yang diharapkan dapat meningkatkan dinamika kegiatan kelompok. Kontak tani memiliki peran penting dalam memastikan hubungan antara petani dengan berbagi informasi mengenai inovasi pertanian. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meneliti peran kontak tani dalam proses difusi teknologi yaitu Pengelolaan Tanaman dan Sumberdaya Terpadu (PTT Padi, sebuah inovasi yang saat ini sedang diperkenalkan. Desain penelitian adalah eksplanatory research dipilih untuk menggambarkan fenomena peran kontak tani yang dievaluasi oleh petani lain. Penelitian dilakukan di Kecamatan Carenang, Serang, Banten. Empat puluh peserta dalam kelompok tani terpilih untuk mengevaluasi karakteristik kontak tani. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kontak tani telah membantu

  12. HUBUNGAN SELF EFFICACY DAN PRESTASI BELAJAR SISWA PADA MATA PELAJARAN ILMU PENGETAHUAN ALAM TERPADU

    Try Susanti

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak   Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk meneliti hubungan antara kepercayaan diri (self-efficacy dan prestasi akademik siswa pada sekolah menengah. Sampel penelitian ini berjumlah 37 orang siswa sekolah tahun akademik 2014/2015 yang dipilih dengan teknik total sampling. Pengukuran kepercayaan diri (self – efficacy menggunakan skala The Teacher Efficacy Scale, sedangkan pengukuran prestasi siswa menggunakan nilai rata-rata rapor siswa. Analisis data menggunakan korelasi product moment.  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan kepercayaan diri (self-efficacy diri siswa memiliki hubungan dengan prestasi akademik siswa pada mata pelajaran ilmu pengetahuan alam terpadu (Biologi.  Semakin tinggi kepercayaan diri (self efficacy siswa, semakin tinggi prestasi mereka, sebaliknya semakin rendah kepercayaan diri (self-efficacy siswa maka semakin rendah prestasi akademik mereka pada mata pelajaran ilmu pengetahuan alam (Biologi.   Kata kunci: Self Efficacy, Prestasi, Siswa                 Abstract   [Relationship between self-efficacy and academic achievement in science subjects  (Biology].The aim of the study was to  investigate the relation between self-efficacy  and academic achievement in high school students. In this study, 37 students in the academic year 2014/2015 were selected by means of total sampling. To measure self efficacy, The Teacher Efficacy Scale  was used. To measure achievement score grade point average (school report in classes was used.  To analyze data product moment correlation analysis was used.  Analysis of data revealed that self –efficacy are correlated with academic achievement in Biology. The higher the students' self efficacy, the higher the student achievement in science subject (Biology. Conversely, the lower the students' self-efficacy, the lower the learning achievements of students in science subjects (Biology.  Keywords: Sel -f Efficacy, Achievement, Student

  13. FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI KESULITAN BELAJAR IPS TERPADU KELAS VII DI SMP NEGERI 1 PLANTUNGAN KABUPATEN KENDAL

    Lina Maftukhah,

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Kesulitan belajar dipengaruhi oleh berbagai macam faktor, baik faktor intern maupun faktor ekstern. Berdasarkan hasil observasi dari data nilai UAS IPS Terpadu sebagian besar siswa kelas VII SMP Negeri 1 Plantungan mendapat nilai rendah dan menyebabkan tidak lulus KKM. Hal ini dapat dijadikan indikasi bahwa siswa mengalami kesulitan belajar IPS Terpadu. Permasalahan yang dikaji dalam penelitian ini adalah apa saja faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kesulitan belajar mata pelajaran IPS Terpadu Siswa Kelas VII dan faktor apakah yang lebih dominan mempengaruhi kesulitan belajar mata pelajaran IPS Terpadu Siswa Kelas VII SMP Negeri 1 Plantungan Kabupaten Kendal Tahun Ajaran 2011/2012. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor apa saja yang mempengaruhi kesulitan belajar mata pelajaran IPS Terpadu dan faktor apakah yang lebih dominan mempengaruhi kesulitan belajar mata pelajaran IPS Terpadu. Penelitian ini dilakukan di SMP N egeri 1 Plantungan Kabupaten Kendal. Populasi penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas VII sebanyak 131 siswa. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan secara proposional claster random sampling dan didapat sampel sebanyak 100 siswa. Variabel dalam penelitian ini adalah faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kesulitan belajar IPS Terpadu kelas VII SMP Negeri 1 Plantungan Kabupaten Kendal. Metode pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah metode kuesioner dan dokumentasi. Sedangkan untuk analisis data yang digunakan adalah analisis faktor dan deskriptif persentase. Berdasarkan analisis faktor terdapat 5 komponen yang akan membentuk 5 faktor baru. Adapun tingkat kesulitan belajar siswa dari 5 faktor baru berdasarkan uji Deskripsi Persentase sebagai berikut : (a kemampuan siswa 61,55%, (b kemampuan guru 66,75%, (c sarana penunjang 77,00%, (d dukungan sekolah 72,67%, (e dukungan keluarga 62,00%. Dari kelima faktor yang ada, faktor kemampuan siswa merupakan pengaruh yang paling dominan dengan koefisien varian sebesar 61,55% dengan kategori menghambat

  14. Penggunaan Media Presentase Microsoft Power Point Untuk Meningkatkan Hasil Belajar IPS Terpadu Pada Siswa Kelas VIII a SMP Negeri 2 Tanantovea

    Hitler, Ahmad

    2014-01-01

    Permasalahan yang diangkat dalam penelitian adalah apakah dengan penggunaan media Presentase Microsoft Power Point pada mata pembelajaran IPS Terpadu dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa kelas VIII A di SMP Negeri 2 Tanantovea. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa pada pokok bahasan Kolonialisme dan Imperialisme Barat di kelas VIII A SMP Negeri 2 Tanantovea. Penelitian ini dilakukan dalam 2 siklus, setiap siklus terdiri dari perencanaan, pelaksanaan tindakan, obs...

  15. Penerapan Pendidikan Akhlak di Sekolah Menengah Pertama Islam Terpadu Darut Taqwa Jenangan Ponorogo Tahun Ajaran 2014-2015

    Agus Budiman

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Dalam ajaran Islam, akhlak menempati kedudukan yang amat penting, dimana akhlak yang diajarkan oleh nabi Muhammad SAW meliputi akhlak terhadap Allah SWT, akhlak sesama manusia, dan akhlak manusia terhadap lingkungannya. Dengan ketiga akhlak tersebut, diharapkan manusia memiliki keimanan dan ketakwaan yang kuat sehingga terciptalah kebahagiaan dan kesejahteraan di dunia dan di akhirat. Untuk pendidikan akhlak harus diajarkan sejak usia dini, terutama pada masa usia sekolah. Namun kenyataan yang ada sekarang, banyak anak yang perilakunya belum mencerminkan akhlak Islami. Sekolah sebagai salah satu dari tri pusat pendidikan memiliki peranan yang sangat penting dalam menanamkan pendidikan akhlak bagi anak didik. Sekolah Menengah Pertama Islam Terpadu Darut Taqwa merupakan salah satu lembaga pendidikan di Jenangan Ponorogo yang sangat memperhatikan pembinaan akhlak para anak didiknya. Hal ini terlihat dari banyaknya program pembinaan akhlak yang diterapkan di sekolah ini.

  16. KEMAMPUAN PEMECAHAN MASALAH MATEMATIKA PADA PEMBELAJARAN TERPADU MODEL INTEGRATED BERMUATAN PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER

    E. D. Hastuti

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakTujuan penelitian ini untuk mendapatkan perangkat pembelajaran terpadu modelintegrated bermuatan pendidikan karakter untuk meningkatkan kemampuanpemecahan masalah siswa yang valid, praktis, dan efektif. Pengembangan perangkatpembelajaran pada penelitian ini menggunakan modofikasi model Thiagarajan.Data TKPM diolah menggunakan t test, uji proporsi z, regresi sederhana, danuji Gain. Pengembangan perangkat menghasilkan: (1 Perangkat valid diperolehskor rata-rata silabus 3,80; RPP 3,87; buku siswa 3,64; LKS 3,58; dan TKPM 3,39dan keseluruhannya dalam kategori “valid”. (2 Perangkat praktis yang dilihatdari pengamatan pengelolaan pembelajaran 3,83 (baik, dan respon siswa 86,21%(sangat positif, (3 pembelajaran efektif  (a TKPM 76,94 melampaui KKM 70dan mencapai ketuntasan klasikal lebih dari 80%, (b Rata-rata hasil TKPMmodel integrated lebih dari rata-rata hasil TKPM dengan metode konvensional, (cAktivitas peserta didik berpengaruh positif  terhadap TKPM sebesar 89,8%, dan (dAda peningkatan yang cukup signifikan pretest 42,18 dan posttest 76,94.AbstractThe purpose of  this study to obtain the integrated learning model of  integrated chargedcharacter education to enhance students’ problem solving abilities are valid, practical, andeffective. The development of  learning tools in this study using a modification of  the modelThiagarajan. TKPM data processed using t-test, z test of  proportion, simple regression, andtest Gain. Software development produces: (1 a valid device obtained an average score of  3.80syllabus; RPP 3.87; BSS 3.64; LKS 3.58, and 3.39 and its overall TKPM in the categoryof  “valid”. (2 practical tools in the observation of  the learning management 3.83 (good,and 86.21% student response (very positive, (3 effective learning (a 76.94 TKPM exceed70 KKM and achieve mastery over classical of  80%, (b Average results TKPM integratedmodel more than the average TKPM results with conventional methods, (c Activities

  17. ANALISA KADAR PROTEIN CRUDE ENZIM SELULASE DARI KAPANG Rhizopuz Sp PADA SUBSTRAT AMPAS TEBU HASIL ISOLASI DARI KEBUN CENGKEH, KARE, MADIUN

    Pujiati pujiati

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Kapang Rhizopus sp merupakan salah satu mikroorganisme yang memiliki kemampuan tinggi untuk menghasilkan enzim selulase.Enzim selulase merupakan enzim yang dapat menghidrolisis selulosa. Hidrolisis meliputi proses pemecahan polisakarida di dalam biomassa lignoselulosa, yaitu: selulosa dan hemiselulosa menjadi monomer gula penyususnnya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui produksi dan aktivitas enzim selulase terhadap aktivitas crude enzim selulase dari kapang Rhizopus sp dengan subsrtat ampas tebu (bagase. Metode penelitian menggunakan kuantitatif eksperimen dengan pola rancangan acak lengkap (RAL dua faktorial. Perlakuan penelitian meliputi perbedan inokulum (K yaitu 5% (K1, 15% (K2, 25% (K3 dan lama fermentasi (T yaitu 3hari (T1, 6hari (T2, 9hari (T3, dan 12hari (T4. Data yang diambil dari perlakuan tersebut adalah kadar protein dengan metode brownstead lowry. Analisis data menggunakan variansi anava dua jalur dengan taraf signifikansi 5% setelah itu dilanjutkan dengan uji Beda Nyata Terkecil (BNT . Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: Fhit > Ftab sehingga ada pengaruh antara konsentrasi inokulum dan lama fermentasi terhadap aktivitas crude enzim selulase dari kapang Rhizopus sp, Perlakuan perbedaan konsentrasi dan lama fermentasi mendapatkan kadar protein tertinggi 0,715 dengan konsentrasi 25%  dan lama fementasi 25%

  18. 1 Hz fast-heating fusion driver HAMA pumped by a 10 J green diode-pumped solid-state laser

    Mori, Y.; Komeda, O.; Nakayama, S.; Ishii, K.; Hanayama, R.; Fujita, K.; Okihara, S.; Sekine, T.; Satoh, N.; Kurita, T.; Kawashima, T.; Kan, H.; Nakamura, N.; Kondo, T.; Fujine, M.; Azuma, H.; Hioki, T.; Kakeno, M.; Motohiro, T.; Nishimura, Y.

    2013-01-01

    A Ti : sapphire laser HAMA pumped by a diode-pumped solid-state laser (DPSSL) is developed to enable a high-repetitive inertial confinement fusion (ICF) experiment to be conducted. To demonstrate a counter-irradiation fast-heating fusion scheme, a 3.8 J, 0.4 ns amplified chirped pulse is divided into four beams: two counter-irradiate a target with intensities of 6 × 10 13 W cm −2 , and the remaining two are pulse-compressed to 110 fs for heating the imploded target with intensities of 2 × 10 17 W cm −2 . HAMA contributed to the first demonstration by showing that a 10 J class DPSSL is adaptable to ICF experiments and succeeded in DD neutron generation in the repetition mode. Based on HAMA, we can design and develop an integrated repetitive ICF experiment machine by including target injection and tracking. (paper)

  19. Karakteristik Fisiko-Kimiawi (Morfologi, Higroskopisitas, pH dan Toksisitas Panel Bangunan yang Dihasilkan dari Komposit Limbah Abu Terbang Batu Bara (Fly Ash, Daun-Ampas Tebu, Jerami-Sekam Padi dan Ijuk (Palm Fiber

    Yulianto P. Prihatmaji

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Telah dilakukan penelitian tentang karakteristik fisiko-kimiawi (morfologi, higroskopisitas, ph dan toksisitas panel bangunan yang dihasilkan dari komposit limbah abu terbang batu bara (fly ash, daunampas tebu, jerami-sekam padi dan ijuk (palm fiber. Berdasarkah hasil uji dan analisis fisiko-kimiawi kaitannya dengan morfologi secara makroskopis menunjukkan bahwa komposit panel bangunan dari berbagai macam jenis bahan baku tersebut tampak menyatu secara solid dengan ikatan kimia antar bahan yang terlibat. Bahan organik yang berupa limbah ampas-daun tebu, jerami-sekam padi, dan ijuk tampak menyatu padu dengan komponen anorganiknya berupa fly ash dan semen. Kaitannya dengan higroskopisitasnya, produk panel bangunan yang dihasilkan tampaknya tidak terpengaruh oleh iklim dan kelembaban di dalam maupun di luar ruang karena kadar air panel bangunan yang diuji pada hari ke-30 dan hari ke-60 relatif stabil yakni 19,65% yang berarti normal. Kaitannya dengan tingkat keasaman (pH, panel bangunan yang dihasilkan menunjukkan kondisi yang aman/tidak menyebabkan iritasi karena pH: 7-8 yang berarti tidak mengiritasi/aman. Adapun hasil uji dan analisis toksisitas fly ash dilakukan menggunakan indikator biologis; mencit menunjukkan harga LD50: 32,915 mg/kg (bb yang berarti relatif tidak berbahaya. Kutu air menunjukkan harga LC50: 75,515 ppm (7,552% yang berarti hampir tidak toksik dan ikan mas menunjukkan harga LC50: 121,943 ppm (12,194% yang berarti tidak toksik. Oleh sebab itu produk panel bangunan yang dihasilkan dapat dipastikan aman dikonsumsi.

  20. MODEL CYCLE 7E TERPADU PROGRAM SEKOLAH UNTUK PENINGKATAN KARAKTER RASA INGIN TAHU DAN PEMECAHAN MASALAH

    MM Heni Widiastuti

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan mengembangkan perangkat pembelajaran matematika model Cycle 7E terpadu program sekolah untuk peningkatan karakter rasa ingin tahu dan pemecahan masalah. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian pengembangandengan menggunakan model Borg and Gall (1987. Perangkat pembelajaranyang dikembangkan adalah Silabus, RPP, LKPD, Buku Ajar Peserta Didik, CDPembelajaran, dan TKPM.  Subjek uji coba dalam penelitian ini adalah pesertadidik kelas X SMA PL Don Bosko. Teknik analisis data dengan analisis deskriptif,uji t, uji z, uji regresi, dan uji normalitas gain. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan (1perangkat pembelajaran yang dikembangkan dinyatakan valid dengan skor silabus4.51, RPP 4.34, LKPD 4.48, Buku Ajar Peserta Didik 4.41, CD Pembelajaran 4.54,dengan skor tertinggi 5 sedangkan TKPM memenuhi kriteria valid; 2 perangkatpembelajaran yang dikembangkan dinyatakan praktis karena respon positif  pesertadidik 91,98 % dan skor kemampuan guru mengajar 4.42 dari skor tertinggi 5; (3 ujicoba perangkat pembelajaran efektif karena  rata-rata hasil kemampuan pemecahanmasalah kelas eksperimen 81,07 melebihi KKM=73, rataan kelas ekperimen lebihtinggi daripada kelas kontrol, serta ada pengaruh positif  antara rasa ingin tahu danketerampilan pemecahan masalah terhadap kemampuan pemecahan masalah yangditunjukkan dengan persamaan regresi y ̂ =31,735  + 7,689x_1+ 7,207x_2 dengannilai pengaruh 64,6 %.AbstractThis research was aiming at developing mathematic learning device model Cycle 7E integratedwith school program to improve curiosity character and problem solving. The learning devicedeveloped covered Syllabus, Lesson Plan, Students Worksheet, Students Text Book, CD onLearning and Problem Solving Competence test. Technique of  data analysis was descriptiveanalysis ,t-test, z-test, regression test, and normality gain test. The result of  the researchshowed (1 learning deviced which was developed was stated valid with 4.51 for the syllabus,4

  1. Transient human anti-mouse antibodies (HAMA) interference in CA 125 measurements during monitoring of ovarian cancer patients treated with murine monoclonal antibody.

    Oei, A.L.M.; Sweep, F.C.; Massuger, L.F.A.G.; Olthaar, A.J.; Thomas, C.M.G.

    2008-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of human anti-mouse antibodies (HAMA) on serial CA 125 measurements in serum of patients with epithelial ovarian cancer following single intraperitoneal (IP) therapy with Yttrium-90-labeled human milk fat globule 1 murine monoclonal antibody ((90)Y-muHMFG1) as

  2. Iisrael lubab nädalaid kestvat sõda, et pühkida Hamas Gazas võimult / Kaivo Kopli

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2008-01-01

    Iisrael vastas Hamasi rünnakutele väidetavalt tugevaima pommitamisega Gaza sektoris 1967. a. sõjast saadik, selle üheks põhjuseks peavad vaatlejad Iisraeli sisepoliitilist olukorda. Vt. samas: Hamas ei taha siiani leppida Iisraeli riigi olemasoluga

  3. UJI EFEKTIFITAS INSEKTISIDA NABATI EKSTRAK AKAR TUBA (Derris elliptica B. DAN UMBI GADUNG (Dioscorea hispida D. TERHADAP MORTALITAS DAN PERKEMBANGAN HAMA Plutella xylostella L. DI LABORATORIUM

    irfan sugiono utomo

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Plutella xylostella L. merupakan hama penting tanaman kubis. Hama ini menyerang bagian daun dengan gejala daun menjadi berlubang sehingga turunnya produksi mencapai 80-100% penyebaran hama Plutella xylostella tersebar di daerah tropis dan subtropis.. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di laboratorium Hama Tumbuhan Jurusan Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Jember. Penelitian ini dilakukan menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL dan di uji menggunakan uji Beda Nyata Terkecil (BNT dengan taraf 5%. Perlakuan aplikasi yang digunakan dengan 2 metode, yaitu metode tetes (ulat dan metode celup (pakan. Perlakuan yang digunakan yaitu: K1 (Konsentrasi akar tuba 20ml/l air, K2 (Konsentrasi akar tuba 25ml/l air, K3 (Konsentrasi akar tuba 30ml/l air, K4 (Konsentrasi umbi gadung 20ml/l air, K5 (Konsentrasi umbi gadung 25ml/l air, K6 (Konsentrasi umbi gadung 30ml/l air, K7 (Konsentrasi akar tuba 20 ml/l air +umbi gadung 30ml/l air, K8 (Konsentrasi akar tuba 30 ml/l air +umbi gadung 20ml/l air. Pengamatan meliputi persentase mortalitas larva P. xlostella , persentase larva yang menjadi pupa, persentase larva yang menjadi imago Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Insektisida nabati akar tuba dan umbi gadung berpengaruh sangat nyata terhadap mortalitas larva Plutella xylostella yakni dapat menyebabkan tingkat mortalitas sebesar 86,67 % dengan konsentrasi paling efektif pada perlakuan K8 yaitu ektrak akar tuba 30ml/l air + umbi gadung 20ml/l air. Perlakuan ekstrak nabati akar tuba lebih efektif dengan metode celup sedangkan ekstrak umbi gadung lebih efektif dengan metode tetes. Penggunaan perlakuan kombinasi insektisida nabati lebih efektif dibandingkan dengan pemberian insektisida nabati tunggal.Kata kunci: Plutella xylostella, Akar tuba, Umbi gadung 

  4. Penerapan Model Pembelajaran Treffinger dengan Bantuan Media Audio Visual Untuk Meningkatkan Aktivitas dan Hasil Belajar IPA Terpadu pada Siswa Kelas VII SMP Frater Makassar

    Nur Indah Sari

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini adalah  jenis Penelitian Tindakan Kelas (Classroom Action Research yang bertujuan untuk meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa pada pembelajaran IPA Terpadu melalui penerapan model pembelajaran Treffinger dengan bantuan media audio visual pada materi ekosistem siswa kelas VII SMP FRATER Makassar. Teknik pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan observasi aktivitas belajar siswa dan evaluasi pada setiap akhir siklus. Data yang terkumpul dianalisis dengan menggunakan analisis statistik deskriptif dan dilengkapi dengan tabel frekuensi dan presentase. Dari hasil kegiatan pembelajaran yang telah dilakukan terjadi peningkatan hasil belajar siswa, siklus I sebanyak 14 orang dengan presentase 37,83%, sedangkan pada siklus II sebanyak 32 orang dengan persentase 86,48%. dan terjadi peningkatan aktivitas belajar siswa, Semangat siswa dalam mengikuti pembelajaran IPA Terpadu pada siklus I 50,15% dan  meningkat pada siklus II menjadi 80,05%. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa penerapan model pembelajaran Treffinger dengan bantuan media audio visual dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar IPA Terpadu pada materi ekosistem pada siswa kelas VII A SMP FRATER Makassar.Kata kunci: model pembelajaran treffinger, hasil belajar, ipa terpadu.ABSTRACTThis study is classroom action research study that aims to increase activity and study results of Integrated Science of  student by using Treffinger model with audio visual media on ecosystem material of Class VII Student at SMP Frater Makassar. Data collection used in this study was observation and achievement test in the end of every cycle. Analytical data by using descriptive statistical analysis include the frequency tables and percentages. The results of this study indicate that: Treffinger  model with audio visual media showed a positive tendency from 14 students with 37,83% in cycle I and improve to 32 students with 86,48% in cycle II and showed a positive tendency on student’s activity in study. Student

  5. Analisis Efektivitas Perangkat pada Program Desa Broadband Terpadu [Analysis of Device Effectiveness in Integrated Broadband Village Program

    Hilarion Hamjen

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Pemerintah berkomitmen mendukung pertumbuhan e-commerce dan ekonomi digital di Indonesia untuk mencapai visi Indonesia 2020 sebagai negara ekonomi digital terbesar di Asia Tenggara. Secara fundamental diperlukan dukungan konektivitas nasional dari tingkat pusat sampai ke tingkat lokal, salah satunya melalui program KPU/USO yaitu program DBT (Desa Broadband Terpadu. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui efektivitas perangkat pada program DBT phase 1 dan keterkaitannya dengan konektivitas, dengan menggunakan metode analisis kepentingan kinerja dan uji statistik Chi square. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian diketahui bahwa efektivitas perangkat meliputi variabel kondisi, fungsi, pemeliharaan dan pemanfaatan rata-rata adalah 84,5 persen. Dengan nilai efektivitas tersebut diketahui bahwa keseluruhan variabel kondisi perangkat, fungsi dan pemanfaatannya tidak mempengaruhi konektivitas.  *****The Indonesian government has a strong commitment in supporting the growth of e-commerce and Digital Economy in Indonesia to attain Indonesia’s vision by 2020 as the largest digital economy nation in Southeast Asia. Fundamentally, the national connectivity supports from central level to local level are needed, where one of them comes from Integrated Broadband Village program. This research determines the effectiveness of devices in the DBT program and its correlation to the connectivity, by using importance-performance analysis method and Chi-square statistical test. It is known from the result that the effectiveness of devices, including condition, function, maintenance, and utilization variables, achieves 84.5 percent on average. The value shows that all mentioned variables have insignificant correlations to the connectivity.

  6. Perbandingan Pendapatan, Curahan Jam Kerja, dan Tenaga Kerja Usaha Tani Tebu Rakyat Intensifikasi (TRI dengan Usaha Tani Padi di Desa Karangmojo Kecamatan Tasikmadu Kabupaten Karanganyar Tahun 1992/1993

    D Dahroni

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Program Tebu Rakyat Intensifikasi (TRI adalah program nasional yang mulai dilaksanakan sejak dikeluarkannya Inpres Nomor 9 Tahun 1975. Mengingat arti pentingnya program TRI sebagai program nasional dan kelompok sasaran yang dituju yakni para petani, maka penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengukur besarnya perbandingan pendapatan petani dari usaha tani TRI dengan pendapatan petani dari usaha tani padi. Penelitian ini juga bertujuan untuk mengukur besarnya curahan jam kerja yang dimanfaatkan dari masing-masing cabang usaha tani di Desa Karangmojo, Kecamatan Tasikmadu, Kabupaten Karanganyar. Dalam penelitian ini metode yang digunakan yakni metode survai dan penentuan sampel dilaksanakan secara sampling. Sampel wilayah dan sekaligus sebagai daerah penelitian, ialah ditentukan secara purposife. Responden dalam penelitian ini ialah petani yang berusaha pada TRI, petani padi, dan buruh tani. Pengambilan responden dilakukan dengan cara mengambil 55 responden, terdiri dari Kelompok I sebanyak 11 sampel petani TRI dan padi, Kelompok II sebanyak 27 sampel petani TRI dan padi, dan Kelompok III sebanyak 23 sampel petani TRI dan padi. Data yang diambil dalam penelitian ini yakni data primer dan sekunder ditambah data yang diperoleh melalui wawancara bebas kepada pamong penduduk yang ada hubungannya dengan penelitian ini. Jenis data primer yang dikumpulkan berupa pendapatan petani dari usaha tani TRI dan usaha tani padi. Data sekunder yang dikumpulkan antara lain data penduduk, luas penggunaan lahan, pengairan, curah hujan dan pengolahan TRI beserta besarnya rendemen tebu. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa pendapatan dari usaha tani TRI lebih kecil daripada pendapatan usaha tani padi (pendapatan usaha tani padi banyak Rp. 2.297.363,90 sedangkan usaha TRI Rp. 7.927.866,12. Curahan jam kerja (jam kerja dan tenaga kerja yang dimanfaatkan dari usaha tani TRI lebih kecil daripada usaha tani padi (jumlah jam kerja usaha tani padi sebanyak 2.237,29 jam dan usaha

  7. PERMODELAN PENGELOLAAN WILAYAH PESISIR DAN PULAU-PULAU KECIL SECARA TERPADU YANG BERBASIS MASYARAKAT (STUDI KASUS PULAU RAAS KABUPATEN SUMENEP MADURA

    Adi Waluyo

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Negara Indonesia adalah negara maritim yang memiliki banyak pulau baik yang bernama maupun yang belum bernama. Salah satunya adalah pulau Raas Madura, dimana pulau ini memiliki sumber daya alam yang melimpah di sepanjang garis pantainya. Dibalik melimpahnya sumber daya alam tersebut masih terdapat masyarakat yang sebagian besar prasejahtera. Pemanfaatan yang berlebih (over exploitation dan krisis ekonomi yang menyebabkan terjadinya persaingan untuk memperoleh sumber daya alam yang tersisa sehingga mengakibatkan terjadinya degradasi sumber daya alam. Sistem pengelolaan wilayah pesisir dan pulau-pulau kecil yang secara terpadu yang dapat mengatisipasi terjadinya degradasi sumber daya alam tersebut. Upaya ini harus didukung oleh pemerintah untuk memberikan kesejahteraan mayarakat di darah pesisir di pulau-pulau kecil. Kata kunci : sumber daya alam, Over exploitation, degradasi, pengelolaan terpadu MODELLING OF COMMUNITY BASED INTEGRATED COASTAL AND SMALL ISLAND MANAGEMENT (CASE STUDY OF RAAS ISLAND SUMENEP DISTRICT MADURA Indonesia is a maritime nation consists of small islands. One of them is the Raas island of Madura. This island has abundant natural resources along its coastline however most of the population lives under the poverty line. Over exploitation of fisheries resources and economic crisis caused competition to obtain the remaining of natural resources resulting in the degradation of natural resources. Integrated coastal and small island management is expected to prevent the degradation. This effort should be supported by the government in order to provide prosperity for the coastal community.Key words : natural resources, over exploitation, degradation, integrated management

  8. PENGEMBANGAN KONSEP AGROINDUSTRI BERBASIS SISTEM USAHATANI TERPADU DI WILAYAH PASANG SURUT BAGIAN I: (KONSEP PEMIKIRAN The Concept Development of Agroindustry Based on Integrated Farming System at Tidal Swamp Land Areas Chapter I: Conceptual Thinkin

    Rustan Massinai

    2013-06-01

    village. Keywords:  Integrated farming system concept , tidal swamp land, agroindustry   ABSTRAK Sistem pertanian terpadu diarahkan pada upaya memperpanjang siklus biologis dengan mengoptimalkan pemanfaatan hasil samping pertanian dan peternakan. Setiap mata rantai siklus menghasilkan produk baru yang memiliki nilai ekonomis tinggi, sehingga dengan sistem ini diharapkan pemberdayaan dan pemanfaatan lahan marginal di seluruh daerah dapat lebih dioptimalkan. Permasalahan-permasalahan yang dihadapi dalam sistem pertanian di daerah pasang surut secara umum, yaitu; (a keterbatasan yang berupa lahan, sumberdaya manusia, teknologi, serta modal yang dimiliki petani, maka potensi sumberdaya lokal perlu kelola secara optimal, terarah, terpadu dan berkelanjutan dengan maksud untuk meningkatkan produktifitas lahan serta taraf hidup petani dengan cara penerapan sistem usahatani terpadu (integrated farming system dengan mengintegrasikan tanaman dan ternak berdasarkan potensi wilayah setempat, dan (b masalah dan kendala sosial ekonomi pengembangan tanaman pangan di daerah rawa. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menghasilkan konsep pengembangan sistem usahatani terpadu untuk mendukung agroindustri di lahan pasang surut di Kabupaten Pulang Pisau Provinsi Kalimantan Tengah. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan metode studi pustaka, yaitu mengidentifikasi sistem yang terdiri dari sistem usahatani terpadu dan sistem agroindustri.  Dalam identifikasi kedua sistem tersebut dilakukan meliputi empat aspek yaitu, aspek ekonomi, aspek teknis, aspek sosial budaya dan aspek lingkungan. Konsep sistem usahatani terpadu di lahan pasang surut yang dilakukan yaitu hasil produksi yang dihasilkan dari sistem usahatani terpadu hendaknya terlebih dahulu diolah melalui sistem pengolahan (agroindustri baik berupa industri rumah tangga (home industry maupun menggunakan alat mekanis, setelah itu dilakukan pemasaran produk, konsep sistem tersebut diharapkan dapat meningkatkan nilai tambah produksi pertanian (padi

  9. “A ÚNICA REALIDADE NA ÁFRICA NEGRA DE ENTÃO”: BOUBOU HAMA E A INTEGRAÇÃO ENTRE TÉCNICA E ESPIRITUALIDADE

    Ana Luiza de Oliveira e Silva

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available No Níger novecentista, o intelectual Boubou Hama trabalhava pela preservação e divulgação de um arcabouço cultural. A partir de um entendimento específico sobre “conhecimento tradicional”, buscou oferecer respostas em seu próprio tempo. Sob os impactos da colonização, Hama almejava que a África conhecesse seus próprios valores e concepções de mundo.

  10. Cutaneous leishmaniasis in the central provinces of Hama and Edlib in Syria: Vector identification and parasite typing.

    Haddad, Nabil; Saliba, Hanadi; Altawil, Atef; Villinsky, Jeffrey; Al-Nahhas, Samar

    2015-10-12

    Cutaneous leishmaniasis is a disease transmitted by sand fly bites. This disease is highly prevalent in Syria where Leishmania major and Leishmania tropica are the known aetiological agents. In 2011, more than 58,000 cases were reported in the country by the Ministry of Health. The central region of the country harbors 20 % of the reported cases. However, the epidemiology of the disease in this area is not well understood. An epidemiological survey was conducted in 2010 to identity the circulating parasite and the sand fly vector in the central provinces of Edlib and Hama. Sand fly specimens were collected using CDC light traps and identified morphologically. Total DNA was extracted from the abdomens of female specimens and from Giemsa-stained skin lesion smears of 80 patients. Leishmania parasites were first identified by sequencing the ITS1 gene amplicons. Then polymorphism analysis was performed using the RFLP technique. A total of 2142 sand flies were collected. They belonged to eight species, among which Phlebotomus sergenti and Phlebotomus papatasi were the most predominant. L. tropica ITS1 gene was amplified from two pools of P. sergenti specimens and from skin smears of cutaneous leishmaniasis patients. This suggests that P. sergenti is the potential vector species in the study area. The digestion profiles of the obtained amplicons by TaqI restriction enzyme were identical for all analysed L. tropica parasites. Moreover, L. infantum ITS1 gene was amplified from two pools of Phlebotomus tobbi in the relatively humid zone of Edlib. L. tropica is confirmed to be the aetiological agent of cutaneous leishmaniasis cases in the central provinces. RFLP technique failed to show any genetic heterogeneity in the ITS1 gene among the tested parasites. The molecular detection of this parasite in human skin smears and in P. sergenti supports the vector status of this species in the study area. The detection of L. infantum in P. tobbi specimens indicates a potential

  11. Upgrade of repetitive fast-heating fusion driver HAMA to implode a shell target by using diode pumped solid state laser

    MORI, Yoshitaka; NISHIMURA, Yasuhiko; Nakayama, Suisei; HANAYAMA, Ryohei; ISHII, Katsuhiro; SEKINE, Takashi; SATO, Nakahiro; KURITA, Takashi; KAWASHIMA, Toshiyuki; KAN, Hirofumi; KOMEDA, Osamu; NAKAMURA, Naoki; KONDO, Takuya; FUJINE, Manabu; SUNAHARA, Atsushi; MIURA, Eisuke; AZUMA, Hirozumi; HIOKI, Tatsumi; KAKENO, Mitsutaka; KAJINO, Tsutomu

    2016-01-01

    The HAMA is 1-Hz fast heating fusion driver pumped by a 10 J second-harmonic of diode-pumped Nd:glass laser: KURE-1. We have upgraded HAMA to realize an implosion of spherical shell target by using a remaining fundamental beam from KURE-1. This beam of 6 J/1 Hz is transported to the current counter irradiation system. The resulting beam includes three pulses in sequence: 2.2 J/15 ns and 0.7 J/300 ps for implosion, and 0.5 J/ 190 fs for heating. We estimate the implosion dynamics from 1-D radiation hydrodynamic code (START- 1D). It indicates a possibility of tailored-pulse implosion by optimizing the beam spot sizes of imploding beams on the target surface. This upgrade leads to a demonstration of repetitive implosion and additional heating of a spherical shell target in accordance with a repetition of laser operation and that of a target injection system. (paper)

  12. Kisaran Inang Hama Krepes

    Suryanti Suryanti

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Krepes is an acarina which caused damaged to Auricularia sp. cultivation. The fungi attacked by acarina will be dead and decayed. The host range test were done by inoculating krepes on several edible mushroom and on several stages of cultivated Auricularia sp. The research show that krepes attacks only Auricularia sp., and attack all stages of cultivated Auricularia sp.,

  13. PENGARUH PENGGUNAAN MODEL COOPERATIVE LEARNING TIPE GROUP INVESTIGATION (GI TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR IPS TERPADU KELAS VIII SEMESTER GENAP SMPYPI 1 BANDAR MATARAM LAMPUNG TENGAH T.P 2015/2016

    Desi Fatmawati Maryatun

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Metode cooperative learning tipe group investigation merupakan model pembelajaran kooperatif yang dapat melibatkan peserta didik secara aktif dalam kegiatan pembelajaran mulai dari merencanakan topik-topik yang akan dipelajari, bagaimana melaksanakan investigasinya, hingga melakukan presentasi kelompok dan evaluasi. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui adanya pengaruh penggunaan model pembelajaran cooperative learning tipe Group Investigation terhadap hasil belajar IPS Terpadu peserta didik kelas VIII semester genap SMP YPI 1 Bandar Mataram  Lampung Tengah tahun pelajaran 2015/2016. Hipotesis yang penulis ajukan adalah “Ada pengaruh yang positif pada model pembelajaran cooperative learning tipe Group Investigation terhadap hasil belajar IPS Terpadu peserta didik kelas VIII semester genap SMP YPI 1 Bandar Mataram  Lampung Tengah tahun pelajaran 2015/2016. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas VIII SMP YPI 1 Bandar Mataram Lampung Tengah Tahun Pelajaran 2015/2016 yaitu berjumlah 48 orang siswa dan diantaranya terdiri dari 2 kelas. Dan yang menjadi sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah kelas VIIIa dan VIIIb. Kelas VIIIa sebagai kelas eksperimen dan kelas VIIIb sebagai kelas control, sampel diambil menggunakan teknik purposive sampling, Eksperimen dilaksanakan pada siswa kelas VIIIa Semester Genap SMP YPI 1 Bandar Mataram Lampung Tengah Tahun Pelajaran 2015/2016 yang berjumlah 24 peserta didik. Data penelitian ini dikumpulkan dengan menggunakan  metode observasi, wawancara, dokumentasi, dan tes. Sedangkan untuk mengetahui tingkat validitas dan reliabilitas penulis menggunakan rumus K-R 20. Kemudian untuk menguji/membuktikan hipotesis digunakan rumus Regresi Linier Sederhana yaitu  Ŷ = a + bx. Nilai Ŷ = 73,33+ 0,5 X yang dilanjutkan dengan rumus thitung > ttabel.pada daftar signifikan 5% yaitu 4 > 1,72  dan pada taraf signifikan 1% yaitu 4 > 2,52. Dengan demikian hipotesisnya diterima karena ada pengaruh yang positif

  14. PERSEPSI MASYARAKAT DESA PENYANGGA TERHADAP KAWASAN TAMAN NASIONAL KERINCI SEBLAT PASCA PELAKSANAAN KEGIATAN KONSERVASI TERPADU : Studi Kasus di Desa Napal Licin dan Desa Pulau Kidak, Kecamatan Ulu Rawas, Kabupaten Musi Rawas, Propinsi Sumatera Selatan

    Mamat Rahmat

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Selama tahun 1998-2002, Bank Dunia melalui Global Environment Facility (GEF bekerja sama dengan Departemen Kehutanan dan Departemen Dalam Negeri dan Otonomi Daerah melakukan kegiatan  Program Konservasi dan Pembangunan Terpadu (Integrated Conservation and Development Program/ICDP di Taman Nasional Kerinci Seblat. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui dampak pelaksanaan program tersebut terhadap persepsi masyarakat di 2 desa mengenai keberadaan TNKS. Penelitian dilakukan di desa Napal Licin dan Desa Pulau Kidak, Kecamatan Ulu Rawas, Kabupaten Rawas Ulu, Provinsi Sumatera Selatan. Metodologi penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode survey rumah tangga dengan menggunakan kuisioner. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa program ICDP belum mampu merubah persepsi masyarakat terhadap keberadaan kawasan TNKS.

  15. Manajemen Mutu Terpadu

    Teguh Sriwidadi

    2001-09-01

    Full Text Available Total Quality Management (TQM is the effort to meet or exceed the customer needs with the lowest cost. The business will successful if it can produce an output (product and service fit according to the customer needs. They will raise the profit if only they can operate efficiently (effective cost, avoid waste, and rework , and to ensure that all the activity directed to the effort to satisfy the customer needs.

  16. TINJAUAN TENTANG MUTU TERPADU

    Hj. Efni Ramli

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Integrated Quality Management (TQM is a management system focuses on a group of people aiming at an increase in satisfying customers with lower costs continuously. Integrated Quality is an integrated system approach (not a separate area or program, and an integral part of the strategy high.In the level of total quality perspective, the educational managers should be held that: (1 Everyone involved in education is a part of the educational process. (2 All the education process should be supervised,  because it required the presence of inspectors. (3 The education managers must also control the functioning of self sebagain any educational process. The process involves the design of education, process control by education providers, and managers of education must involve all parties to get their commitment in the design, re-design and control of the educational process in order to remain productive

  17. ANALISIS SURVIVAL PENINGKATAN DENSITAS MINERAL TULANG PASIEN PEREMPUAN YANG MENDERITA OSTEOPOROSIS PRIMER DENGAN TERAPI SESUAI TATA LAKSANA KLINIK MTIE (MAKMAL TERPADU IMMUNOENDOKRINOLOGI

    Halimah Halimah

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Life expectacy in Indonesia was increasing every year as impact of access to health services. On 2004 number of elderly people is 16.5 million, 52.6% is female. The most health problem facing by female elderly was osteoporosis that it proved by incidence of osteoporosis among female was higher than male. In fact of that one out of three female tends to have osteoporosis; meanwhile the incidence among male is one out of seven. The objective of this study was to know the length of time for bone development in order to increase the mineral bone density up to 1.5% and 3 percentages in three measurement locations (lumbal, femur, radius. Method: The study has probed as well as the influence factors of bone growth among the osteoporosis patients who were examinated their bone at Klinik Makmal Terpadu Imunoendokrinologi FK UI. This is a longitudinal study with scope in clinical area which include the secondary data analysis form medical record data. The total sample was 52 osteoporosis patients. Analysis survival application is performed for data analysis by using variable time and event from January 2004 to December 2007. The analysis in this study is univariate, bivariate,Kaplan-Meier method, and multivariate with double regresi cox. The factors related with time of remodeling bone were medication standard operating procedure (SOP, and body mass index (BMI. Results: Medication SOP in Klinik Makmal has faster time of remodeling bone and significant result comparing with SOP in other policlinic; on lumbal (event 1.5% and 3% and femur (event 1.5%. Patients with BMI <25 has faster time remodeling bone than patients BMI >25 on femur 1.5%. Contraception group and patient’s age have not enough provided the different time of remodeling bone in those measurement. SOP hazard ratio on lumbal was 3.359, it means patient who receive therapy in Klinik Makmal has 3.36 times chance to have lumbal remodeling bone up to 1.5%. Meanwhile, medication SOP

  18. PENGARUH FASILITAS BELAJAR DAN LINGKUNGAN KELUARGA TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR IPS TERPADU MELALUI MOTIVASI BELAJAR SMP NEGERI 1 AMBARAWA (Studi Kelas VII Tahun Ajaran 2013/2014

    Ika Maratus Sholekhah

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan Penelitian ini adalah mengetahui pengaruh fasilitas belajar dan lingkungan keluarga terhadap hasil belajar IPS Terpadu melalui motivasi belajar kelas VII SMP Negeri 1 Ambarawa. Dalam penelitian ini populasi yang digunakan adalah seluruh siswa kelas VII SMP Negeri 1 Ambarawa yang berjumlah 269 siswa. Penelitian ini menggunakan sampel yang berjumlah 81 sampel. Teknik pengambilan sampel menggunakan simple random sampling. Variabel dalam penelitian ini adalah variabel bebas yaitu fasilitas belajar (X1, lingkungan keluarga (X2, motivasi belajar (Y1 sebagai variabel interfening dan Hasil Belajar (Y2 sebagai variabel terikat. Metode pengumpulan data: observasi, dokumentasi dan angket. Metode analisis yaitu analisi deskriptif persentase. Uji asumsi klasik: normalitas, multikolinieritas, heteroskedastisitas. Sedangkan uji hipotesis: uji parsial, uji signifikansi simultan, regresi linier berganda dan koefisien determinasi. Hasil penelitian diperoleh persamaan regresi Y₁= 0,638 X₁+ 0,58 X₂+0,723+e₁ dan Y₂= 0,639 X₁+0,572 X₂+0,725+e₂. Secara deskriptif penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kategori fasilitas belajar, dan lingkungan keluarga adalah sedang. Pengaruh fasilitas belajar terhadap motivasi belajar sebesar 63,8%, lingkungan keluarga terhadap motivasi belajar sebesar 58%, pengaruhnya positif dan signifikan. Sedangkan pengaruh fasilitas belajar dan lingkungan keluarga secara bersama berpengaruh terhadap hasil belajar melalui motivasi belajar sebesar 41,9% dan sisanya sebesar 58,1% dipengaruhi oleh faktor lain yang tidak diteliti. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of learning facilities and family environment on Integrated Social Science learning Outcomes through sudents’ motivation SMP Negeri 1 Ambarawa. The population of this study of 269 students and sample of 81 students. The population of this study was the entire seventh grade students of SMP Negeri 1 Ambarawa, amounting to 269 students. This study used a

  19. ANALISIS SISTEM PENGEMBANGAN KAWASAN INDUSTRI TERPADU BERWAWASAN LINGKUNGAN: STUDI KASUS DI PT. KAWASAN INDUSTRI MEDAN (Analysis System of Integrated Industrial Estate Ecodevelopment Case Study: At PT. Medan Industrial Estate

    Kimberly Febrina Kodrat

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Tujuan utama penelitian adalah menganalisis kinerja pengembangan kawasan industri terpadu berwawasan lingkungan. Cakupan aspek penelitian disinkronkan dengan konsep pembangunan berkelanjutan sekaligus dijadikan sebagai batasan kajian, yakni mempersekutukan aspek ekonomi, ekologi dan sosial. Data diperoleh dengan menggunakan metode survei melalui observasi, wawancara mendalam, dan pendapat pakar. Metodologi penelitian menggunakan metode survei dengan menggunakan perpaduan antara hard system (analisis sistem dinamis dan soft system (analisis prospektif. Dari hasil uji statistik chi square (α = 0,01 diperoleh bahwa kelompok masyarakat yang bekerja di dalam PT. KIM mempunyai hubungan yang sangat signifikan dengan kelompok masyarakat yang bekerja di luat PT. KIM terhadap tingkat pendapatan, tingkat pendidikan dan faktor usia. Berdasarkan hasil analisis kualitas limbah cair unit IPAL PT. KIM terdapat 5 parameter yang masih berada diatas nilai baku mutu KepMenLHNo.51/1997, yaitu: BOD, COD, TSS, klorida dan amoniak. Tingkat efisiensi pengolahan limbah cair unit IPAL PT. KIM rata-rata 53,07%. Hasil analisis ketergantungan antar faktor dengan menggunakan Analisis Prospektif diperoleh sebanyak 5 faktor strategis masa depan yang mempengaruhi pengembangan kawasan industri terpadu berwawasan lingkungan, yaitu: jumlah industri, permintaan lahan, kebijakan pemerintah, model pengembangan, dan iklim investasi yang kondusif. Pengembangan kawasan industri terpadu berwawasan lingkungan dapat dilakukan dengan strategi moderat dengan kebijakan mencakup jumlah industri bertambah secara bertahap dengan meningkatnya permintaan lahan serta kebijakan pemerintah yang memfasilitasi peningkatan modal pengembangan dan didukung oleh iklim investasi yang kondusif. ABSTRACT The main purpose of the research is to study environmental aspect of industrial estate development. The scope of the research aspects is synchronized with sustainable development concepts, namely

  20. Kumbang Pupus Pisang: Hama Baru?

    Dwinardi Apriyanto

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Many insects have been reported as pests of banana, among which the corm borer (Cosmopolites sordidus Germar and pseudo-stem borer (Odoiphorus longicollis [Oliver] are considered as the most important species. We found a beetle species during 2003 pest survey of banana in Rejang Lebong, Bengkulu, that had not been reported before in any publication. The adult feeds on and damages whorl of banana, and therefore we named it as "banana whorl beetle". The adult feeds on whorl causing irreguler elongated holes, forming a pattern of more or less parallel with leaf midrib when the leaf has fully opened. The holes often fuse and form larger ones. The larvae bores and tunnels into leaf midrib and pseudostem, very often from the base of leaf midribs, and develop to pupae inside the tunnel. Feeding activity of larvae and adult on banana cause serious growth retardation and failure to flowering. The beetle is sluggish, stays inside whorl or at the base of leaf midribs. It is bright/light brown in color, rather flattened, elongated, 17-19 mm length and 4.5-5.5 mm wide. The antennae are filiform, half of the body in length, consist of 11 segments. The elytra cover the whole abdomen, with parallel lines along them. Tarsi consist of four segment. The larvae have a bristle like structure along side the lateral and anal forceps at the tip of abdomen. Thoracic legs are absent. This beetle belongs to the family Chrysomelidae and subfamily Hispinae. The distribution of this insect is restricted to the area >400 m asl. and serious damages often occur above >700 m asl.

  1. Hamas between Violence and Pragmatism

    2009-06-01

    Islamic Palestinian state. Nonetheless, as a movement, it has another far more existential objective. Once established, a movement needs to sustain...34 (related by al- Bukhari, Moslem, Abu-Dawood and al-Tarmadhi). F. Followers of Other Religions: The Islamic Resistance Movement Is A Humanistic ...Movement: Article Thirty-One: The Islamic Resistance Movement is a humanistic movement. It takes care of human rights and is guided by Islamic

  2. The hamas government should recognized

    Reinhart, T.

    2006-01-01

    In a just and well-ordered world, it would be unthinkable for a government that was elected in this way to be disqualified because Israel does not like the choice of the electorate in question. But in a world in which the U.S. rules, might is right, and might can define democracy as it chooses. Thus

  3. Rancangbangun Aplikator Kompos untuk Tebu Lahan Kering

    Iqbal

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The widely sugarcane plantation area in Indonesia causes the management of sugarcane litter conducted by mechanization. To manage sugarcane litter into compost needed several machineries such as tractors,trash rakes, trailesr, choppers, trucks, composting turner, loaders, and compost applicators. The objective of this study was to design a compost applicator for sugarcane litter that can be used for a plant cane and ratoon in dry land. The process of making a prototype applicators follow the design flowchart that begins with the calculation of the dimensions, design of engineering drawings, selection and material purchases. The result showed that the applicator prototype with belt conveyor metering device could function well and was able to apply the compost with a high dose (15 ton / ha.

  4. Manajemen Mutu Terpadu Perguruan Tinggi

    Shalahudin, Shalahudin

    2011-01-01

    The problem facing education is the lack of quality output, management, human resources, and weak ability to compete in the Global World Arena. This is Evidences by the increasing number of educated unemployment and lack of student academic achievement. To that end, expert of management education (total quality management) quality (TQM) as Joseph M. Juran and his colleagues offer in order to implement TQM in a consistent and continuous. By involving all components of the organization to impro...

  5. PENGEMBANGAN TES BAKAT TERPADU ONLINE

    I Made Candiasa

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Pengembangan tes bakat online didasari ide untuk memperluas otomasi layanan pendidikan, melengkapi e-learning yang sudah berkembang dengan baik untuk otomasi pembelajaran. Kelebihan tes bakat online yang dikembangkan adalah dapat digunakan setiap saat, dan tidak terlalu terikat tempat, serta tidak memerlukan petugas yang memahami evaluasi. Selain itu, tes bakat online dapat menyajikan variasi tes yang berbeda setiap kali diakses, serta dapat memberikan informasi hasil tes secara otomatis langsung setelah peserta tes memvalidasi jawabannya. Kata kunci: tes bakat online, otomasi layanan pendidikan Abstract Development of online aptitude test based on idea of widening automation on educational service, completing existing various e-learning model for instructional automation. There are some advantages of online aptitude test. It can be used anytime and anywhere by everyone. Furthermore, it can present various package of test every time it is accessed and automatically gives score and feedback immediately after tester finish answer the test. Keywords: online aptitude test, automation of educational service

  6. RISET UNGGULAN TERPADU: KAJIAN BIBLIOMETRIKA

    Kamariah Tambunan

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to know the results of integrated featured research (IFR activities, covering the number of the researches, the scoup of research fields, and the affiliations of research. Moreover, this study is for understanding the scientific researches resulted from the IFR, the fields, the types of the research documents and the authors’ ratio. The source of data was taken from “Tracking Hasil Riset Unggulan Terpadu” (Tracking of the IFR publication year 2000, 2001, 2002, 2004, 2005 and 2006. The study showed that there are 372 IFR’s titles which covering 14 fields. The most frequently appeared field is thetechnology of agricultural products, i.e. 69 titles (18,55%. The most common affiliation is from university, i.e. 279. The IFR resulted in 2.188 scientific publications, and at most, i.e. 1.301 titles (59,46% are from the seminar papers and the like, nationally and internationally. The scientific research publications published at most in the year 1999, i.e. 248 titles (11,33%. If they are seen from the author collaboration side then the scientific research written by the collaborating authors are more than those which written by the single author.

  7. PENGARUH PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER DAN KONDISI EKONOMI TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR PADA MATA PELAJARAN IPS TERPADU MELALUI PERHATIAN ORANG TUA SISWA (studi kelas VIII SMP N 32 Semarang Tahun Ajaran 2013/2014

    Laurensia Ajeng Martrianingtyas

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan Penelitian ini adalah mengetahui pengaruh pendidikan karakter dan kondisi ekonomi terhadap hasil belajar pada mata pelajaran ips terpadu melalui perhatian orang tua. Dalam penelitian ini populasi yang digunakan adalah seluruh siswa kelas VIII SMP Negeri 32 Semarang yang berjumlah 249 siswa. Penelitian ini menggunakan sampel yang berjumlah 72 sampel. Teknik pengambilan sampel menggunakan simple random sampling. Variabel dalam penelitian ini adalah variabel bebas yaitu pendidikan karakter (XI, kondisi ekonomi (X2, hasil belajar (Y sebagai variabel terikat dan perhatian orang tua (y1 sebagai variabel intervening.Metode pengumpulan data: dokumentasi dan angket. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan pada penelitian ini adalah analisis deskriptif persentase.Uji asumsi klasik:multikolinieritas, heteroskesdastisitas. Sedangkan uji hipotesis:uji parsial, uji signifikan simultan, regresi linier berganda, dan koefisien determinasi.Hasil penelitian diperoleh persamaan regresi Y1= 0,821X₁+ 0,821X₂ dan Y2 = 0,476X₁+ 0,369X₂+ 0,165Y₁. Secara deskriptif penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kategori pendidikan karakter, dan kondisi ekonomi adalah sedang. Pengaruh pendidikan karakter terhadap hasil belajar sebesar 29,6%. kondisi ekonomi terhadap hasil belajar sebesar 27,1%, pengaruhnya positif dan signifikan. Sedangkan pengaruh pendidikan karakter dan kondisi ekonomi secara bersama berpengaruh terhadap hasil belajar melalui perhatian orang tua sebesar 18,5% dan sisanya sebesar 71,5% dipengaruhi oleh faktor lain yang tidak diteliti. Based on the result of observation, it indicates that students achievement are less optimal. It might happen because of the effect of character education, economy conditions, and parents attention. The purpose of this research is to find out the effect of character education, economy condition towards students achievement through parents attention for eighth grade students of SMP N 32 Semarang. In this research,population at the

  8. Lebanon: The Israel-Hamas-Hezbollah Conflict

    Sharp, Jeremy M; Blanchard, Christopher; Katzman, Kenneth; Migdalovitz, Carol; Prados, Alfred; Gallis, Paul; Rennack, Dianne; Rollins, John; Browne, Marjorie; Bowman, Steve; Veillette, Connie; Kumins, Lawrence

    2006-01-01

    ... in a surprise attack along the Israeli-Lebanese border. Israel has responded by carrying out air strikes against suspected Hezbollah targets in Lebanon, and Hezbollah has countered with rocket attacks against cities and towns in northern Israel...

  9. Lebanon: The Israel-Hamas-Hezbollah Conflict

    Sharp, Jeremy M; Blanchard, Christopher; Katzman, Kenneth; Migdalovitz, Carol; Prados, Alfred; Gallis, Paul; Rennack, Dianne; Rollins, John; Bowman, Steve; Veillette, Connie

    2006-01-01

    ... in a surprise attack along the Israeli-Lebanese border. Israel responded by carrying out air strikes against suspected Hezbollah targets in Lebanon, and Hezbollah countered with rocket attacks against cities and towns in northern Israel...

  10. Lebanon: The Israel-Hamas Hezbollah Conflict

    Sharp, Jeremy M; Blanchard, Christopher; Katzman, Kenneth; Migdalovitz, Carol; Prados, Alfred; Gallis, Paul; Rennack, Dianne; Rollins, John; Bowman, Steve; Veillette, Connie

    2006-01-01

    ... in a surprise attack along the Israeli-Lebanese border. Israel responded by carrying out air strikes against suspected Hezbollah targets in Lebanon, and Hezbollah countered with rocket attacks against cities and towns in northern Israel...

  11. Program terpadu penanggulangan kemiskinan di Kota Surabaya

    Erna Setijatiningrum

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Surabaya is one of metropolitan city in Surabaya, yet still has a high poverty rates. This research aims to design an integrated program in reducing poverty in Surabaya. The high poverty rates lead to several complex problems such as unemployment, education, health, crime and social problem. Actually, a lot of poverty alleviation programs have been implemented by the municipal government of Surabaya. However, the program is still less effective because: 1 there is lack of coordination among agencies in running the program and 2 the program does not reflect the needs of the poor to a decent life in urban areas. This research employs qualitative method carried out in several governmental bodies relating to the issue of poverty alleviation. The result of this study indicates that there are eight priority needs of the poor, namely (1 education, (2 health, (3 housing, (4 nine basic needs, (5 clean water, (6 ease of administration, (7 training expertise, and (8 employment. From the eight priority needs of the poor, we found design of integrated program of poverty reduction which requires good coordination among relevant agencies. There are eight institutions which government agency should coordinate in the integrated program, namely (1 the Department of Education, (2 Social Service, (3 Departement of Health, (4 the Ministry of Community Empowerment, (5 Department of housing, planning, and urban development (6 Water Supply Company, (7 Department of Civil and Population, (8 the Ministry of Labour.

  12. KOMUNIKASI PEMASARAN TERPADU DAN EKUITAS MEREK ALFAMART

    Jehuda Ghrahito Hutomo Krussell

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available In past few years, retail business has significantly improved. Company needs marketing strategy to raise their competitiveness and make a good brand equity. One of these strategy that can be used is Integrated Marketing Communication. This study aimed to examine the influence of integrated marketing communication toward brand equity. This study was a quantitative study. The sample of 150 respondents were taken by using purposive sampling. The data analysis used multiple linear regression. These findings showed that dimension of integrated marketing communication consists of Advertising, Sales Promotion, Personal Selling, Public Relation, Direct Marketing, Interactive Marketing, and Corporate Design together influence Alfamart Brand Equity. While partially, only Sales Promotion, Personal Selling, and Corporate Design has significantly influence Alfamart Brand Equity

  13. Model LPA Terpadu untuk Wilayah Surabaya Metropolitan

    Mimien Bt. M. Al Muhdhar a Henie Irawati

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to establish the integrated LPA model for Surabaya Metropolitan Area. The methods used are literature overviews, comparative studies to well-established areas, and expert assistantships through national seminars. The result shows that the integrated LPA has opportunity to combine some activities such as sorting and classifying, producing, wrapping and containing, selling the compost and decayed materials, and filling residual waste by landfill system. In 25 Ha land area, 14.10 Ha is allocated for waste management, and 10.90 Ha for sanitary landfill.

  14. PENGARUH PEMBERIAN SARI TEBU TERHADAP KADAR KOLESTEROL DARAH PADA MENCIT

    Rahma Widyastuti

    2017-12-01

    abstract Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L. is a plant known by the public as a refreshing drink that tastes sweet and the price is quite economical and readily available. Sugarcane contains octacosanol compounds that can lower cholesterol levels in the blood. Excessive cholesterol (hypercholesterolemia a threat that is feared because as one of the causes of coronary heart disease (CHD and stroke. The purpose of this study was to analyze the levels of cholesterol in mice, to analyze cholesterol levels in mice after the administration of sugar cane juice, to analyze the effect of sugar cane juice on cholesterol levels in mice. This type of research conducted by a group of experimental methods with populations of mice (Mus musculus were obtained from farms Bojonegoro. The research sample selected by criteria mice aged 2-3 months, weighing between 20-40 grams of the male sex, the amount of sample used two groups of mice, each group consisted of 16 mice. From the results of blood cholesterol levels in mice after the administration of sugar cane juice, it is known that the average cholesterol level in the control group was 148.8750 mg / dl and value - average blood cholesterol treatment group was 118.2500 mg / dl. Statistically analyzed using a paired t test t value -3.799 obtained with significant value. (p = 0.001 which is less than 0.05 then there is the effect (Ho is rejected (t = -2.040 table. So we can conclude there is the effect of sugar cane juice on blood cholesterol levels in mice. Key word : Sugarcane, blood cholesterol levels

  15. Penyakit Busuk Akar dan Pangkal Batang Tebu di Sumatera Selatan

    Tri Maryono

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Root and basal stem rot disease caused by Xylaria sp. is a new diseases in Indonesian sugarcane plantation. The disease has been reported only occurred in sugarcane plantations in Sumatera. Limited information about the disease has slowed down disease diagnosis in the field. The research was aimed to describe symptoms, signs, and spatial distribution of the disease caused by Xylaria. A survey was conducted at a sugarcane plantation in South Sumatera (3° 26’ 16.6” S dan 104°40’ 09.8” E. Typical symptoms of the disease involved drying of all leaves and plant death, dry rot of root and basal stem, and retarded growth of ratoon cane were recorded. Stroma was found on surface of diseased stems and on soil surface of diseased plants, and spatial aggregation of diseased plants was observed in all locations. The distribution of the diseased plant aggregately and the presence of stroma on diseased plants are important characteristics of the disease diagnosis in sugarcane plantations.

  16. Pemanfaatan Blotong Tebu Untuk Mengurangi Pemakaian Semen Pada Pembuatan Batako

    Pakpahan, Andri Fernando

    2016-01-01

    Sugarcane filter cake waste utilization in brick-making aims to reduce the use of cement block making by utilizing sugarcane filter cake waste, calculate the size, the compressive strength and absorption. This research used non-factorial complete random design with provision filter cake level (A) consisted of three types which were (A1= 5%, A2= 15%, A3= 25%). The parameter was size, compressive strength and absorption. The result showed that some differences on the treatments of rice field...

  17. KETAHANAN BEBERAPA GENOTIPE JAGUNG (ZEA MAYS INTRODUKSI TERHADAP SERANGAN HAMA

    Dewi Rumbia Mustikawati

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The resistance of some_introduced hybrid genotypes maize (Zea mays towards insect pests. Plant resistance to insect pest play an important role in integrated pest management. Fourty hybrid genotypes released by CIMMYT Mexico and two National hybrid varieties (Pioner 13 and Andalas as local control had been tested threir resistance to insect pests. The trial was conducted at Natar Station Experimental, South Lampung from April to July 2002. The objective of the experiment was to obtaine the hybrid genotypes in which have a good tolerint or resistance toward insect pests. Alpha latice design with three replicates were used in this experiment. The varieties were grown in two-row plots of 5 m length at row-to-row spacing of 75 cm and hill-to-hill spacing within rows of 25 cm. 300 kg Urea, 150 kg SP-36 and 100 kg KCI ha_1 was applied to the trial. Insect pests damage were observe d at 16 and 80 days after planting. The results showed that there were 12 genotypes have moderate resistance toward insect pests: CMS 991006, CTM 011004, CMT 011018, CMT 011028, CMT 011030, CMT 011036, CMT 011038, CMT 011044, CMT 011050, CMS 951220 (RE, CMT 011056, CMT 011060 and one genotype was susceptible that was CMS 991018, however the others showed varies resistance traits against insect pest.

  18. METARHIZIUM ANISOPLIAE DAN ANDROGRAPHIS PANICULATA TERHADAP SERANGGA BUKAN HAMA SASARAN

    Dini Yuliani

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to determine the effect of Metarhizium anisopliae and Andrographis paniculata to the natural enemies of Nephotettix virescens and non-target insect pests. This research was conducted in tungro endemic areas in Subang District, West Java in the wet season 2013/2014. The method of research used a split plot design with four replications. The main plot was IR66, Inpari 9, and Ciherang varieties. Subplot was the application of M. anisopliae, A. paniculata, and control. Observations were carried out five times started at nursery (2 weeks after seedling, 14, 28, 42, and 56 days after planting using insect nets, double swing 10 times on each plot observations. The results show M. anisopliae and A. paniculata not adversely affect on non-target insect pests such as Chironomid and natural enemies of N. virescens namely Lycosa pseudoannulata, Cyrtorhinus lividipennis, Sepedon sp., damselfly, Tipulidae sp., Telenomus sp., dragonfly, and Tetrastichus sp.. Efficacy of M. anisopliae and A. paniculata as one of the control strategies that are environmentally friendly and proved not harmful to non-target insect pests.

  19. Hamas and Israel: Conflicting Strategies of Group-Based Politics

    2008-12-01

    Justice, Durham and London: Duke University Press, 1990, pp. 189-197. 3. Many works deal with this issue. A detailed study of the city of Acre is...instructive. Rebecca L. Torstrick, The Limits of Coexistence: Identity Politics in Israel, Ann Arbor : University of Michigan Press, 2000. 4. Alisa...as with “Intifadha farms,” raising produce, chickens , and dairy cows, and boycotting Israeli products, refusing to pay taxes, and in merchants

  20. PEMANFAATAN TANAMAN ATRAKTAN MENGENDALIKAN HAMA KEONG MAS PADI

    Ameilia Zuliyanti Siregar

    2018-01-01

    In Indonesia, many plantation as use as beneficial plants. This study aims to obtain an effective formula that can be used as a biopesticide to control snail pests during the vegetative phase from May to July 2017 using random non-factorial methods at two rice planting locations in the Village Lae parira, Dairi, North Sumatra. Design with 6 treatments and 3 replicates (ie control, neem leaves (Azadirachta indica, tobacco leaf (Nicotiana tabacum, sweet potato leaf (Manihot glaziovii, noni fruit, Morinda citrifolia, and betel nut (Areca catechu and papaya (Carica papaya as an eco-friendly herbaceous and biopesticide. Based on the study recorded in sampling for 7 days with 6 treatments had significant effect on the percentage affected by the clump of rice attacked and the percentage of death. Pearson correlation value recorded percentage of death and percentage of impacted  showed a very significant relationship. Neem is the best biopesticide in controlling mollusicides, followed by betel nuts, tobacco, poisonous yams and noni. Death of 100% snail mas will prevent damage to the clump of rice plants Dairi, North Sumatra. All biopesticide treatments were tested to control snail pests in rice plants that will increase agicultural productivity in maintaining food security in Dairi, North Sumatra.

  1. Implementasi Web-Service Untuk Pengembangan Layanan Pariwisata Terpadu

    Priyambodo, Tri Kuntoro

    2005-01-01

    This paper describes an integrated tourism information system developed using web-service technology. In order to give a clear picture of multi-tier system used for developing web-services, two cases (“WisataBudayaJawa web-service” for giving recommendations for users to select tourism objects to visit in the areas of the Province of Central Java and the Province of Yogyakarta; and “Kurs web-service” for delivering information on foreign currency exchange rate) are presented. The results of t...

  2. Peran Tim Bidang Kedokteran Gigi dalam Pelayanan Geriatri Terpadu

    Tri Budi W. Rahardjo

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The characteristic of geriatric problems are multiple, interdependent, and chronic diseases, in which mastication is significant in affecting general health condition among the elderly. In this regard, the role of dental team in integrated geriatric services is highly needed. The number of dentists and various disciplines in dentistry will depend on the level of health facilities. The role dentists will be important both in "Day Hospital" or in the geriatric wards, as members of the team who will involve in the process of services since diagnostic stage until the follow up treatment. In addition, the dental team will also be able to solve the geriatric problems, in promotion/prevention program as well as home visit.

  3. MODEL JARINGAN UTILITAS TERPADU BAWAH TANAH DI KOTA BANJARBARU

    Ahmad Banin

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Banjarbaru has prepared as the capital of South Kalimantan which has a barometer was grown as the center of government, economic, education and services, so it can be a magnet for people who wants to get their opportunity. This situation should become to increase facilities and infrastructure to support the activities and movements of populations. It can make governments gets many tasks. The research aims to know the effectiveness of existence and give a solution or the alternative model to handle the utility of underground network in Banjarbaru, for the future from management and institution mainly. This problem is interesting to study as material for making an integrating model for the utility of underground network continuously. The experiment was conducted by using Qualitative methods. Data was collected by direct observation, interview and questioner to strengthen the data. Then, the data was analyzed by using SWOT analysis. The result showed that the utility of underground network ( existing is perceived by society is not effective because it is usually digging holes in the same place for different installation. So, the management of handling in the utility of underground network should be performed or handle as integrating and professional, not detrimental and stakeholders are leaded by the government in Banjarbaru. The result also provides the solution or alternative model to gain all underground networks such as Telkom, PDAM, drainage, PLN, sanitation and gas. This model can applicate in Banjarbaru area, particularly for the government of South Kalimantan especially at offices because it was designed with environmental sustainable management.

  4. REVITALISASI TPA PEH KABUPATEN JEMBRANA SEBAGAI TEMPAT PENGOLAHAN SAMPAH TERPADU

    Angelina Puspita Sandy

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Waste management in Jembrana District, had been handled by the Environmental Sanitation Department, which in 2012 the amount of garbage in Jembrana District it’s about 684.80 m3. The amount of garbage was large and continues to grow up every day, thus feared that TPA Peh will overload. This problem encourages the needed for Integrated Waste Sites Planning in TPA Peh, where it will accept the loads of Jembrana garbage. The Integrated Waste Site Planning in TPA Peh requires some studies, such as study of the technical aspects, financial aspects and environmental aspects. Based on technical analysis it was known that the garbage of Jembrana district in TPA Peh amounted to 150.56 m3/day. Recovery factor value was 80.33% with 19.87% residue. If this large amount of garbage is not processed, then TPA Peh predicted will be overloud in November 2015. By Integrated Waste Site Planning which is only the residue that wasted on landfill, then it could be extended the lifespan of the landfill until 9 (nine years and 3 (three month. Required area in the application of Integrated Waste Site Planning in TPA Peh is 13.701 m2. The total cost of investment in the implementation of the Integrated Waste Site in TPA Peh is Rp. 12.331.282.000.00. Total operational cost is Rp. 5.811.760.000, while the revenue potential of recycling such as composting and stalls selling stuff in 2022 is Rp. 18.390.154.291.56. Net Present Value (NPV obtained positive value of Rp. 13.933.193.788 with a value of IRR is 45,23% and B / C ratio is 1,159. Environmental analysis on TPA Peh Jembrana by analysis of well water quality around the landfill, is known that most of the physical and chemical parameters are still under the quality standard. Biological parameters are still above the water quality standards based on Permenkes No. 416.Menkes/Per/IX/1990. From the analysis of landfill leachate water quality parameters known for Total Suspended Solids (TSS, Ammonium-free, BOD, COD and biological parameters are still higher then the effluent quality standards compared to Bali Governor Regulation No. 8 of 2007 on Environmental Quality Standards and Criteria Standard Environmental Damage.

  5. MASALAH PENYAKIT MULU DAN PENANGGULANGANNYA DALAM PELAYANAN GERIATRIK TERPADU

    Siti Sumariyah

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Changes in the oral mucosa frequently is associated with aging. The epithelium becoming thinner, less hydrated and thus supposedly more susceptible to injury. Aging is characterized by decline in the ability of individuals to adapt to environmental stress. The major problems that affect mucous membranes in the aged include candidiasis, xerostomia, atrophic mucositis, aphthous stomatitis, herpes simplex, lichen planys, pemphigus vulgaris, and benign mucous membrane pemphigoif. A special disease of the oral mucosa with the greatest potential morbidity and mortality is cancer. The management of such oral mucosal diseases should be organized and developed to secure continuously adequate early detection, prevention and treatment of oral health problems. It requires the involvement and willingness of other health professionals, to get the optimal result.

  6. KAJIAN KARAKTERISTIK DAS TUNTANG DAN MODEL PENGELOLAAN DAS TERPADU

    Sriyana Sriyana

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available A low carrying capacity of drainage basin or watershed may cause several problems, where floods occur inrainy season and droughts occur in dry season, also the occurrence of erosion, sedimentation and so on, hasbeen government’s problem in watershed management all along. In order to anticipate this condition,characteristic data of a watershed are required, so that it can be used as basic reference of watershedmanagement.The purpose of this paper is to conduct a study on the characteristics of Tuntang watershed of Central JavaProvince and watershed management model.The method of approach uses aspects of watershed geomorphology such as the shape of watershed, elongationratio and circularity ratio approaches, order of river using Strahle method, watershed density using Lynsleyformula, and river gradient calculated based on the comparison between elevation difference and length of mainrivers.Results show that magnitude index of Tuntang Sub watershed has elongated shape with Rc value between 0.27 to0.46, which means that the longer concentration time needed, the lower flood fluctuation. And relatively roundedshape with Rc value between 0.57 to 1.00, which means that the shorter concentration time needed, the higherflood fluctuation occurs. Sub watershed order range from 4 to 6 order, which means that river basins have floodwater level increase (moderately quick to fast, likewise water level decrease. Level slope between 0 - 8 % (lowflow velocity with an area of 117605.56 Ha, and very steep slope > 40 % (very high flow velocity with an areaof 4219.09 Ha. The highest drainage density occurs in Sub watershed of Tuntang downstream 1.88 Km / Km²,and lowest Sub watershed of Blorong 1.01 Km / Km². Based on both magnitudes, the water being stored is inmedium category and floods and droughts occur. The flow pattern has the shape of rectangular dendritic anddendritic medium, showing that soil characteristics is limestone and shale. To obtain optimal performance resultof Tuntang watershed, integrated watershed management program is needed in watershed managementintegration by involving various associated parties.

  7. PENERAPAN MODEL TERPADU DALAM PEMBELAJARAN MENULIS CERPEN ISLAMI

    Emah Khuzaemah

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This research is motivated by the lack of a culture still writing among students. The ability to write literature students is still low. For that how to develop an integrated model of literary learning and its application to improve the writing skills of students. Thus the spiritual experience of students / students would be more meaningful if it is able to be expressed in a literary work. With a unified theoretical model developed by Fogarty (1991 and developed a theory of writing short stories integrated learning model in teaching writing short stories. Through a qualitative approach with descriptive analytic method, can be described Islami ability to write short stories high school students Kramat Dukupuntang after application of integrated learning model. Students' ability to write short stories Islami was satisfactory, catchy title, theme and content laden with religious values with storytelling techniques that have been organized.

  8. SEKOLAH ISLAM TERPADU PENEKANAN PADA ARSITEKTUR HIJAU DI KABUPATEN BONE

    Ismail B Arifin

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The development of science and technology that is integrated with the Islamic knowledge wishes to create a potential religious generation. Islamic education institution creates a religious Islamic individual through two approaches; those are natural and cultural approaches. Method that is applied is descriptive, that is collecting and analyzing the primary and secondary data. Then, planning and designing approaches are done to review various aspects oriented with architect knowledge, basic theoretic and standard. The pressure of green architecture concept enclose energy efficiency because in architect concept that is friendly environment, continuing, holistic and based on the efforts to reach designing to create energy efficiency.

  9. IMPLEMENTASI MANAJEMEN MUTU TERPADU (STUDI TRANSFORMATIF PADA PERGURUAN TINGGI

    Buyung Syukron

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The system of quality management implemented with the consistent commitment would provide the benefits and success for all stakeholders in the University. To obtain those benefits and success should be based on several principles of the established quality management. The starting entry of foreign University enliven the “competition” existed in Indonesia. The University is not only seen as the center of science, research, and community service, but also as the corporation entity of “producing science” that needs to compete to ensure the survival. The competition, as experienced by companies for profit, covers the competition of quality, price, and service. University as nonprofit entity also faces the same case. To manage these all, it needs the knowledge and skill of management namely integrated quality management of University.   Keywords: Integrated Quality Management, Transformation of Management, University

  10. KERANGKA PENGATURAN PENGELOLAAN CSR TERPADU (Studi Kasus di Kota Jakarta

    Bani Pamungkas

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Pemerintah Provinsi DKI Jakarta memiliki tanggung jawab meningkatkan kesejahteraan dan kemakmuran rakyat serta menjaga kelestarian fungsi lingkungan hidup di daerah. Namun tanggung jawab tersebut tidak dapat dilakukan sendiri. Dibutuhkan dukungan Dunia Usaha dan Masyarakat. Untuk memfasilitasi dukungan tersebut ditetapkan Pergub No. 112 tahun 2013 tentang Tanggung Jawab Sosial dan Lingkungan Dunia Usaha. Penelitian ini mengulas tentang evaluasi ketentuan Pergub tersebut beserta usulan perubahannya. Menggunakan metode penelitian kombinasi yang menggabungkan metode penelitian hukum normatif dan empiris, penelitian ini melakukan kajian empiris dengan menggunakan metode Modified Participatory Action Research. Kombinasi analisis yuridis dengan model perancangan peraturan digunakan pada tahapan analisa. Perbaikan tata kelola  TSLDU/CSR, dilakukan melalui 4 (empat aspek yaitu (1 penyediaan Informasi dan Tata Kelola Administrasi TSLDU/CSR menggunakan Sistem Informasi berbasis web; (2 mengintegrasikan Dukungan TSLDU dengan Sistem Perencanaan Pembangunan dan Anggaran Daerah; (3 Perluasan Ruang Lingkup TSLDU/CSR; dan (4 Mengembangkan Skema TSLDU/CSR Kolaboratif.

  11. Pengaruh Penambahan Natrium Metabisulfit dan Suhu Pemasakan dengan Menggunakan Teknologi Vakum terhadap Kualitas Gula Merah Tebu

    Maya Maharani, Dewi; Yulianingsih, Rini; Rosalia Dewi, Shinta; Sugiarto, Yusron; Wahyu Indriani, Dina

    2015-01-01

    Brown sugar as sucrose is derived from evaporated sugar cane molasses. Evaporation is the foodstuffs’ process which is commonly used during the manufacture of sugar cane. This process evaporates the sugar cane molasses to produce concentrate. This research was aimed to assess the influence of sodium metabisulphite against physical and chemical properties of sugar cane using vacuum evaporator. In other hand, this reserach examined the influence of temperature on vacuum evaporator for chemical ...

  12. Isolasi dan analisis gen yang responsif terhadap cekaman kekeringan pada tebu

    Wiwit Budi Widyasari

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available This study was aimed to isolate and identify a gene that was responsive to drought stress in sugar cane variety M442-51, a varietythat is widely used in pastures or dry land. Under drought stress, M442-51 showed an enhance expression of several proteins. One ofthe protein, namely dip22, (drought inducible protein, with a molecular weight of 22KDa was isolated and analyzed. Amino acidsequence of this protein showed some homology with several stressed related proteins (OsAsr 1 from Oryza sativa leaves, ZM Bss1 ofZea mays leaves, LeAsr 1, LeAsr 2 and LeAsr 3 of Lycopersicum lycopersicon leaves. The 343 bp of dip22-cDNA fragment wasobtained using RT PCR from mRNA of sugar cane leaves that has been exposed to drought stress. The results indicated that the genedip22 plays an important role as a regulatory protein that are usually nested within cytoplasmic matrix or in the nucleus.

  13. PERBAIKAN PROSES FERMENTASI BIJI KAKAO KERING DENGAN PENAMBAHAN TETES TEBU, KHAMIR, DAN BAKTERI ASAM ASETAT

    Donny Widianto, Ajeng Dara Pramita, dan Sri Wedhastri

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Most of cocoa beans produced by smallholder farmers were non fermented which can be improved by modifiedfermentation processing. This study was aimed to inverstigate the influence of molasses, yeast Saccharomycescerevisiae, and Acetobacter aceti addition on dried cocoa beans fermentation process.Fresh cocoa beans were dried in a glasshouse and its reducing sugar was analyzed before and after drying. Asmall plastic bucket (20 cm diameter and 30 cm height with aeration holes was used as fermentation vessel. Driedcocoa beans were soaked in distilled water for 4 hours, inoculated with yeast and acetic acid bacteria cultures, andmolasses were added at two different concentration, i.e, 1 and 1.5 times of reducing sugar lost during drying.Reducing sugar, ethanol, titrated acid, population of yeast, and acetic acid bacteria were monitored duringfermentation. After fermentation the beans were sun dried and its pH and degree of fermentation were determinedto assess the bean quality.The results showed that the addition of molasses mostly at the level of 1.5, S. cerevisiae, and A. aceti increasereducing sugar, ethanol, titrated acid, yeast and acetic acid bacteria of fermentation liquid (pulp. The highestpercentage of fermented beans (68.4 % was achieved by addition of S. cerevisiae, A. aceti, and molasses atthe level 1.5. It is likely that the addition of S. cerevisiae, A. aceti, and molasses could improve fermentationprocessing of dried cocoa bean.

  14. Pengaruh Penambahan Natrium Metabisulfit dan Suhu Pemasakan dengan Menggunakan Teknologi Vakum terhadap Kualitas Gula Merah Tebu

    Maya Maharani, Dewi; Yulianingsih, Rini; Rosalia Dewi, Shinta; Sugiarto, Yusron; Wahyu Indriani, Dina

    2014-01-01

    Brown sugar as sucrose is derived from evaporated sugar cane molasses. Evaporation is the foodstuffs' process which is commonly used during the manufacture of sugar cane. This process evaporates the sugar cane molasses to produce concentrate. This research was aimed to assess the influence of sodium metabisulphite against physical and chemical properties of sugar cane using vacuum evaporator. In other hand, this reserach examined the influence of temperature on vacuum evaporator for chemical ...

  15. PENGARUH KOMPOSISI SEKAM PADI DAN AMPAS TEBU TERHADAP KARAKTERISTIK KERTAS DENGAN PROSES SODA

    Yuli Ristianingsih

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Generallay, the paper is made from fiber plants which contained cellulose fibers and hemicellulose usually exist in nature . One of waste that can be processed into paper-making raw material alternative is rice husk and bagasse. The purpose of this research was to know the influence of the composition of the rice husk and bagasse as well as NaOH concentration against pulp that yields produced. The operating conditions for the best produced of the rice husk’s and bagasse's fiber by variation of NaOH concentration were also investigated. Dry raw materials on liquor/crop ratio was 15:1 (mL/g and mixed with 3 to 6% (w/v NaOH then digested in an autoclave (120 0C; 1 atm for 60 min. The operating condition which lowest yield production was mixed between the bagasse’s and rice husk’s fiber with ratio 1:3, 1:2 and 1:1. The NaClO 5.25% (v/v was added into the mixture as bleaching agent, then pressed and dried as a paper. The lowest rice husk’s and bagasse’s fiber yield at 5% (w/v NaOH concentration was obtained about 45.44% and 35.36%. The lowest yield and density at bagasse’s and rice husk’s fiber loading ratio 1:2 were obtained about 42.28% and 4.26 g/cm3.

  16. Mekanisme dan Torsi Pengepresan Tunggul Tebu menggunakan Pisau Bajak Piring yang diputar

    Lisyanto

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Cutting of sugar cane stubble is one of important activities in sugar cane agriculture system. Problems on labor and low quality of cutting have not been solved by manual cutting system. In addition, a kind of farm machinery, which work in rotating ways did not give a good result in doing the cutting of sugar cane stubble. Due to low quality of cutting and broken sugar cane stubble, it is not used any more. The problem of broken sugar cane stubble in mechanical cutting system should be solved by changing the system of cutting mechanism, prefering impact cutting to chips forming. The goal of the study is to analyze the mechanism of cutting on sugar cane stubble by using rotating disk plow and to develop a mathematical model in order to determine cutting force of sugar cane stubble. Method of analyzing on movement of node on edge is used to discribe a curve of edge movement. A mathematical model of cutting force was developed base on instant cutting area which was calculated using Simpson method, numerical integration system. Equations resulted from this study can be applied to simulate the movement of edge using input parameters, mainly: tilt angle, disk angle, angular velocity,linier velocity. Variety of PA 198 has the higher specific cutting resistance per area of cutting than the other varieties. The mathematical model developed can be used to determine the cutting force with a good result.

  17. ISOLASI cDNA SUCROSE TRANSPORTER (SUT DARI BATANG TANAMAN TEBU (Saccharum officinarum L.

    - Slameto

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Sucrose Transporter (SUT is kind of protein transporter that control in sucrose translocation. Sucrose Transporter is intermediate in translocation of sucrose from apoplasmic to simplasmic. SUT facilitates sucrose transportation from vascular tissues to parenchyma cells toward in node sugarcane stem. This research was purposed to isolate cDNA SUT from sugarcane stem, and cloned in Escherichia coli strain DH5α. Total RNA of sugarcane stem was isolated by single step method, then add with oligo dT in order to obtain the first strand of SUT cDNA then used as template for PCR. The primer used for PCR is 5’ –ggg ctg att gtg gcc atg tc- ‘3 (SUT-F and 5’ –tgc cct ttg tct ccg gaa cc- ‘3 (SUT-R. PCR was programmed as follow denaturation at 94°C for 2 minutes and 30 second, annealing at 54°C for 30 s, extension at 72°C 2 min and 7 min, and storage at 4°C for unlimited, It was for 30 cycles. Complementary DNA SUT from PCR ligalized to pTOPO bunt-end, then it cloned in to E. coli strain DH5α. The cloning resulted then be sequenced in order to observe the homologues with other nucleotides sequences of some plant using BLASTn program in GENE BANK NCBI and the level of homology determined by Genetyx program. The concentrated of total RNA isolated was 5,024 μg/μl, with purity of 1,85. Complementary DNA SUT fragment from PCR with size 2037 bp appropriated to the both of primer was used. Complementary DNA SUT fragment showed by analyzed some of restriction enzyme e.g. EcoRI, PstI and BamHI. Homologues of this cDNA SUT fragment was 100% to SoSUT 2A of sugarcane stem and 84% to OsSUT of rice plant (Casu et al ., 2003.

  18. PENGGUNAAN ASAM PERASETAT PADA PROSES DELIGNIFIKASI PULP ACETOSOLV DARI AMPAS TEBU DAN BAMBU BETUNG

    Ahmad Sapta Zuidar

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Acetosolv process produced dark pulp because of the high lignin content.  Therefore ,  delignification  process is needed. This process uses peracetic acid to improve pulp qualities. The objective of this research was to determine the effect of different concentrations of peracetic acid against the characteristics of pulp acetosolv from bagasse and bamboo betung.  The research was arranged in a Complete Randomized Block Design with a single treatment and 4 replications.  The treatment used peracetic acid with six levels concentration (9%, 11%, 13%, 15%, 17%, 19% at a temperature of 85oC for 3 hours. The homogenity and additivity of the data were  analyzed using Bartlett and Tuckey Tests, then they were analyze for ANOVA to see if there is any difference among means, and then processed further using  Least Significant Difference at level of 1% and 5%.  The results showed that the concentration of peracetic acid had significant effect on yield, cellulose, hemicellulose, lignin, and organoleptic color pulp from bagasse and bamboo betung.  The best results showed that the concentration of peracetic acid 15% with cooking duration of  3 hours gave the best pulp. The pulp contained 85.837% of cellulose , 7.757% of hemicellulose , 1.758% of lignin , 73.048% of yield  and  the average organoleptic score for the pulp color was 4.3. Keywords:   acetosolv pulp,  baggase, bamboo,  delignification, paracetic acid

  19. Sinergitas Stakeholders Dalam Pengelolaan Sampah Terpadu Untuk Administrasi Publik Yang Demokratis Dalam Perspektif Teori Governance (Studi Pada Tempat Pengelolaan Sampah Terpadu Mulyoagung Bersatu Kecamatan DAU Kabupaten Malang)

    Aditya, Bayu Rizky

    2014-01-01

    : Sinergy of Stakeholders in Integrated Waste Management for Democratic Public Administration in the Perspective Governance Theory (Study on Integrated Waste Management Mulyoagung Bersatu Kecamatan Dau Kabupaten Malang) This research was conducted based on the number of services provided by the government to the people are still the concept of Top-Down, which is issued by a government policy without seeing what was needed and required by society, even most of the services provided to the publ...

  20. Respons embriogenesis mikrospora tanaman tebu (Saccharum spp. pada suhu dan lama inkubasi cabang malai di dalam medium B

    Suaib Suaib

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Microspore embryogenesis under different temperature and time duration pretreatments of spike segments of Saccharum spp., clonePS862 has been studied in in-vitro laboratory of Faculty of Biology Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta. Combination pretreatmentsof a 4 and 34 ° C of temperatures, and 0, 2, 4, and 7 days duration of incubation of spike segments in the B medium were studied inthis observation. A B5 medium of Gamborg supplemented with 2 mgl-1 2.4-D or 2 mg.l-1 NAA was also studied on the formation of proembryos and embryos under 25 ° C temperature in the dark for at least 30 days. Results of the research showed that the percentageof viable microspores was decreased as simultaneously prolonged of the time of duration in the B medium either under low temperatureor under high temperature pretreatments tested. Incubation of spike segments under low temperature after 4 days was decreased the percentage of viable microspores over 44%. In contrast, under high temperature pretreatment the percentage of viable microspores was decreased over 54%. The higher percentage (12.5% of binucleate microspores was achieved after 7 days incubation of spike segmentsin the B medium under the low temperature compared to the high temperature (7.14%. Besides, the higher percentage (87.5% of simmetrical binucleate microspores as pro embryo and embryo precursor was obtained after 2 days incubation in the B medium underthe low temperature compared to the high temperature (79.0%. Finally, only B5 medium supplemented with 2 mgl-1 of NAA was yielded the pro embryos and embryos after 30 days of incubation.

  1. Konstruksi vektor biner untuk ekspresi gen dip22 yang diisolasi dari tebu varietas M 442-51 pada tanaman

    Wiwit Budi Widyasari

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Sugarcane is the principle plant for producing sugar in Indonesia. Water supply is one key element in the agronomy of sugarcane. Sugarcane is a high biomass crop which requires large amounts of water. Low yields of sugar observed in water stressed plants indicate that sugarcane is very sensititive to drought. A number of genes that respond to drought, salt, and cold stress at the trasnscriptional level have been reported. dip22 (drought inducible protein protein isolated from drought resistance variety M 442-51 was predicted to be a protein regulator to water stress in sugarcane. Increasing of tolerance to water stress by over expression of dip22 genes in high yield sugarcane variety hopefully will maintain sugar production. The goal of this research was to construct a binary vector for dip22 gene expression in plant. dip22 gene from mutated PCR was cloned to pGEM ® €“T Easy and transformed to Escherichia coli strain DH5a. And then, these gene was isolated again from pGEM ® €“T Easy-dip22 (pGdip plasmid using restriction enzymes NcoI and PmlI. pCAMBIA 1303 plasmid is an expression vector which has the constitutive promoter CaMV35S. Recombinant plasmid was transformed to Escherichia coli strain DH5a for plasmid propagation through DNA replication. Recombinant plasmid was isolated, and digested with NcoI and PmlI to examine the presence of dip22 gene in the pCAMBIA 1303 plasmid. The recombinant plasmid was transformed to A. tumefaciens strain LBA 4404. Plasmid isolated from A. tumefaciens was digested with Bst XI and Bst EII to examine the similarity between pCAMBIA 1303-dip22 (pCdip from Escherichia coli and A. tumefaciens. The result by electrophoresis showed that both plasmids had the same size after digested. It was concluded that the transformed A. tumefaciens strain LBA 4404 bacteria has pCAMBIA 1303-dip22 (pCdip plasmid indeed. Therefore, this construct of dip22 gene in binary vector can be used for improving drought tolerance in plant.

  2. KAJIAN EFEKTIFITAS PENGGUNAAN TANAMAN ECENG GONDOK (Eichornia crassipes DALAM MENURUNKAN BEBAN PENCEMAR AIR LIMBAH INDUSTRI GULA TEBU

    Udin Hasanudin

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Sugarcane industries produce wastewater with high levels of pollution load. Wastewater pollutant load can be lowered by treating wastewater in the WWTP. Wastewater treatment process using Biological conventional system still has the disadvantage of increasing the pH of the waste water at a given time. It causes algae blooming. Algae population levels increases due to nutrients in wastewater. To prevent algae  from blooming, nutrient concentration in the waste water should be reduced. This study was aimed to measure the effectiveness of Waterhyacinth in lowering pollutant load of sugar cane industrial wastewater. The method used was to plant Waterhyacinth in aeration pond number 2 of WWTP and then taking samples at four locations and consists of point I (inlet pond aeration 2, point A (before the water hyacinth plant, point B (after the water hyacinth plant, the point C (waste pond outlet monitor. Parameters measured included pH, TSS, COD, NH4, and NO3. The result showed the wastewater treatment system using water hyacinth plant reduced the pollutant load sugar cane industrial wastewater at the rate of  0,000858%/m2 day, 0,010997%/m2 day, 0,008691%/m2 day, 0,005936%/m2 day, and 0,015016%/m2 day, respectively. These conditions indicate planting hyacinth was effective in lowering the level of industrial wastewater pollutant load of sugar cane. Keywords: algae bloom, sugarcane industry wastewater, waterhyacinth

  3. PEMBUATAN BIOETANOL MELALUI FERMENTASI NIRA TEBU (Saccharum officinarum MENGGUNAKAN Saccharomyces cerevisiae DENGAN PENAMBAHAN VITAMIN B KOMPLEKS SEBAGAI NUTRISI FERMENTASI

    Wahyu Budi Utama

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Bioethanol is alternative energy produced from the fermentation of carbohydrates like sugar cane juice. The fermentation process is influenced by several factors like nutrition of fermentation. This research to determine the addition weigh (g of vitamin B complex gr and time of fermentation as theoptimumconditions of fermentaced toproduceethanol with high concentrations. Sugar cane juice as raw material fermented using Saccharomyces cereviceaea with variation additional of vitamin B complex are 0%; 0.1%; 0.2%; and 0.3% (w/v sugar cane juice fermented during time of fermentation with the variation are 6 day, 7 day and 8 day. Purification of bioethanol by process of distillation.Alcohol content analysis using gas chromatography. The results showed optimumconditions of fermentaced are addition of Vitamin B complex is 0.1% (w/v and time of fermentation is 7 days to produced ethanol 30.177%.   Keywords: Ethanol, Fermentation, Sugar cane juice, Vitamin B complex.

  4. Resistensi populasai hama bawang merah Spodoptera exigua (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae terhadap klorfluazuron

    Abdi Negara

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Resistance of Onion Pest Spodoptera exigua (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae Populations to Chlorfluazuron. The research was conducted from August 2001 until April 2002 in the Kalitiro Agriculture Training and Development Research Station, Gadjah Mada University. The objective of research was to determine the resistance level of Spodoptera exigua populations collected from the district of Sanden, Kretek, Wates, Temon, Panjatan, Wonosari, Panggang and Playen (all are in Yogyakarta Province to chlorfluazuron insecticide. Research was conducted by dipping artificial diet about 30 seconds in insecticide solution and there are used test two hours after they were air dried. Based on the preliminary test, different concentrations were tested to determine the toxicity of the insecticide to each population. Third instar larvae (five days old of the first generation were used in bioassays. Each larvae with its artificial diet was placed in a plastic cup (diameter 3,5 cm. Larval mortality was recorded at 72 hours after exposure. Data was analyzed using probit analysis to determine LC50 values. The result showed that the LC50 values of chlorfluazuron againsts eight population of S. exigua at 72 hours after exposure varied from 16,10 ppm (Panggang to 84,76 ppm (Panjatan. The results suggested that all populations from Panggang, Playen, Kretek, Sanden, Wates, Wonosari and Temon were still susceptible to chlorfluazuron. Population from Panjatan indicated to be resistant to chlorfluazuron.

  5. Efektifitas Pestisida Nabati Daun Nimba Terhadap Serangan Hama Tribolium Castaneum Hbst Pada Kacang Kedelai Di Penyimpanan

    Hanum, Farida

    2012-01-01

    Soy bean is very popular and accepted commodity, it is almighty material for producing varieties of food, especially to complete consumption of people in Indonesia. Tempe is the highest preferences of Indonesian people, it is a type of food made of soy bean. It is rather defiantly,  although there enormous demand to soy bean products, it is very troublesome to obtain the good quality of soy bean in Indonesia. Most of the struggling technique to produce good quality soy bean is ho...

  6. KEMELIMPAHAN DAN KERAGAMAN JENIS PARASITOID HAMA PENGGULUNG DAUN PISANG ERIONOTA THRAX L. DI KABUPATEN LAMPUNG SELATAN

    Lestari Wibowo

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The abundance and diversity of the parasitoid of banana leaf skipper pest (Erionota thrax L. in South Lampung Regency. This research was conducted to determine the abundance, diversity, and parasitation ability of several parasitoids of the banana skipper or banana leafroller (Erionota thrax in South Lampung Regency. This research was carried out with a survey method by taking out samples of larvae and pupae of E. thrax in the District of Natar, Jati Agung, and Tanjung Bintang, South Lampung. Results of the survey showed that there were 8 types of parasitoids recovered from larvae or pupae of E. thrax, i.e. Brachymeria lasus (Chalcididae: Hymenoptera, B. thracis (Chalcididae: Hymenoptera, Charops sp. (Ichneumonidae: Hymenoptera, Casinaria sp. (Ichneumonidae: Hymenoptera, Xanthopimpla sp. (Ichneumonidae: Hymenoptera, Cotesia erionotae (Braconidae: Hymenoptera, and two parasitoids Diptera (Tachinidae and Sarcophagidae. The highest abundance of parasitoid was found in Tanjung Bintang with 171 parasitoids (index of diversity (H’ = 1.0256 and index of evenness (E = 0.5724. In Natar District, the abundance of parasitoid was 63 parasitoids, but it had a greater H’ value (1.4396 and E-value (0.7398. Meanwhile, in Jati Agung District, the abundance of parasitoid was 56 individuals but the value of H’ was also high, which was 1.012 with the value of E of 0.6064. The percentages of parasitation to the larvae and pupae E. thrax were 55.01% (Tanjung Bintang District, 31.68% (Natar District and 33.34% (Jati Agung District.

  7. Pengelolaan Lingkungan dalam Rangka Mengantisipasi Perkembangan Hama Belalang Nomadacris succincta Linnaeus (Orthoptera: Acrididae

    Sri Suharni Siwi

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Swarming grasshopper Nomadacris succincta (Linnaeus, sinonim: Patanga succincta (L. was one of the dominant species attacked corn and soybean plantations at Jeneponto District, South Sulawesi in early 2005. The species has been identified for a long time occurred in that environment, although has never been reported before as pest of farmer's crops. For a basis of the capability in controlling the swarm grasshopper in the field, changed of increasing population hould be monitored regularly to prevent future outbreak. Information on taxonomic and ecology research of N. succincta are needed for environmental management efforts, such as change in morphology, physiology and behavior, change in host's preferences of gregarious adult, and environmental conditions i.e. climate, cultural techniques, and the death of natural enemies in the field.

  8. Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Perilaku Petani dalam Pengendalian Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan melalui Analisis Jalur

    Sunarru Samsi Hariadi

    2006-07-01

    research, a survey method was used, total of farmer respondents were 60 people. Results of the research showed that factors influencing farmers' behavior in pest and disease control were age, perception, and work motivation. The increasing age of the farmers resulted better behavior in pest and disease control. A better perception of farmers towards pest and disease control, resulted better behavior in pest and disease control. The increasing work motivation of farmers, resulted better behavior in pest and disease control. Therefore, agricultural extension methods had to be developed by Field Extension Workers to increase work motivation and perception of famers, especially through farmer groups. Agricultural extension activities were best not only to increase farmers' knowledge, but also ability to control plant pest and disease, by using participal method in pleasure situation.

  9. Perbandingan Efek Pemberian Bioinsektisida dan Ekstrak Kompos terhadap Produksi Padi Ratun dan Populasi Serangga Hama

    Siti Herlinda

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The advantages of ratooning rice are to save water, cost production, labor, preparation time for planting and harvesting, but the ratooning productivity is still low.  This research aimed to study the effect of the bioinsecticide and compost extract on ratooning rice production and insect populations. The ratooning rice was applied by bioinsecticide, compost extract, and combination of bioinsecticide and compost extract with dose 2 L ha-1  per application, respectively. Data of agronomic variables were statistically analyzed using analysis of variance, whereas insect pest population data were analyzed using Chi Square test. The seedling height of ratoon applied by compost extract was the highest among treatments. The number of productive tillers per clumps and rice production on plot applied by compost extract were higher than the insecticide treatment. At the age of 17 day-ratooning rice, application bioinsecticide reduced the population of insect pests, such as Ciccadulina bipunctata, Recilia dorsalis, Nilaparvata lugens, and Nephotettix nigropictus. Thus, application of compost extract tended to improved the growth and production of the ratooning rice, while the bioinsecticide decreased the insect pest population.Keywords: Beauveria bassiana, rice growth, production

  10. PERKEMBANGAN HAMA DAN MUSUH ALAMI PADA TUMPANGSARI TANAMAN KACANG PANJANG DAN PAKCOY

    Eko Apriliyanto

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to know the pest population and natural enemies in intercropping of cowpea and pakchoy then its influence toward the yield. The experiment was conducted in March to August 2014 at the Polytechnique Banjarnegara field trial. The design of the research used Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD factorial with 4 treatment and 6 replications. Treatment plot size was 6 m x 6 m. The first factor was the spacing and the second factor was the type of fertilizer. Spacing of cowpea was 75 cm x 30 cm intercropped with pakchoy using interlinear treatment (75 cm contained 1 pakchoy plant (J1 and 2 plant pakchoy interlinear (J2. The second factor was the provision of goat manure is 15 tonnes/ ha (P1 and the synthesis of chemical fertilizer (P2, urea 50 kg/ ha, SP36 75 kg/ ha, and KCl 25 kg/ ha, so that there were 4 treatments combinations i.e. J1P1, J1P2, J2P1, and J2P2. Analysis of the data was using the F-test, if there was any significantly different, the study was followed by Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT at the 5% level. The main pests wich attacked cowpea intercropped with pakchoy were grasshoppers (Oxya sp., Fam. Acrididae, green leafhoppers (Empoasca spp., Fam Cicadellidae, caterpillars (Fam. Pyralidae, and aphis (Aphis cracivora, Fam. Aphididae. The type of intercropping (type of fertilizers and the amount of pakchoy lines had not been able to reduce pest population on cowpea. The dominant natural enemies on the cowpea were spiders (Fam. Lycosidae and ladybugs (Fam. Coccinellidae. The population of natural enemies along with the prey population. Intercropping types had not been able to increase the crop of cowpea (plant weight, strand number of cowpea, and cowpea weight and also to yield of pakchoy (number of leaves, plant height, and plant weight.

  11. PENGEMBANGAN TEKNOLOGI FORMULASI INSEKTISIDA NABATI UNTUK PENGENDALIAN HAMA SAYURAN DALAM UPAYA MENGHASILKAN PRODUK SAYURAN SEHAT

    Dadang

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available The use of synthetic insecticide for pest management to protect insect attacking the holticulture product have been done intensivelly and seems not wise which predicted could cause a negative impact to the environmental and human health. Due to that reason then the research prepared to know the pest management technology especially for holticultural product through the use of material or something that come from the agricultural planting material as natural insecticide which could be developed as commercial products that practice and safe to produce healty holticultural product. Three species of fruits and holticultural plant used for the research namely Annona squamosa (Annonaceae/seed, Piper retrofractum (Piperaceae/fruit and Tephrosia vogelii (Leguminosae/Leaves extracted with methanol. Every extract product tested with larva of Cricidolomia pavonana F. (Lepidoptera : Crambidae, that is one of the pest for holticultural product which treated with direction the planting and in the leaves. The extract was tested also to the food barrier of C. Pavonana. The extract of A. Squamosa was contact toxic than abdomen toxic, while on the contrary the extract of P. retrofractum have more impart to the abdomen toxic than contact toxic. The extract of P. Retrofractum and A. Squamosa at the concertation of 0.2 % could protect food activities of the larvas that was about 80 %. The mixed extract of T. Vogelii and A. Squamosa more toxic or more effective than the mixed extract of T. Vogelii and P. Retrofractum. In the developing natural insecticide formula, the using of agristic adjuvant was better tahan tween and miracle especially in formulation establishization. The treatment of P. Retrofractum and T. Vogelii in the field could reduce the development of C. Pavonana which finally those both extract could be used wider as combined with A. Squamosa extract in order to increase the effectiveness

  12. Keefektivan padi transgenik terhadap hama penggerek batang padi kuning Scirpophaga incertulas (Walker (Lepidoptera: Crambidae

    N. Usyati

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Transformation two cry genes (cryIB-cryIAa and transformation with a single the cry1B gene under the control of a wound-inducible maize proteinase inhibitor gene (mpi promoter were two approaches that were used to get resistant rice to the rice stemborer which may be had a durable resistance. To obtain information on the effectiveness of seven transgenic rice lines to the rice yellow stemborer S. incertulas, a test was conducted in greenhouse. The seven lines were 1. line 4.2.3 and 2 line 4.2.4 both contain fusion of two cry genes (cryIB-cryIAa; 3 line 3R9 and 4 line 3R7 lines both contain of mpi-cryIB gene; and 5 line 6.11 contains of cryIAb gene by particle bombardment, 6 line DT-cry (Azygous that do not contain cry gene (null, and 7 DT-cry line contains cryIAb gene by Agrobacterium, and as a negative control, we used three non transgenic rice varieties i.e., Rojolele, Cilosari, and Ciherang. The result showed that transgenic rice lines, except DT-cry and DT-cry (Azygous lines were effective to suppress damage by the insect, and showed an inhibition effect on the growth of S. incertulas, and had a high level ofresistance than non transgenic rice varieties had. There were differences on resistance value/level among transgenic rice lines. Based on the resistance value, 6.11 line was the highest followed by 4.2.4 line and 3R7 line, these lines were categorized as high resistance. Transgenic rice-4.2.3 line and 3R9 line were categorized as moderat resistance. DT-cry and DT-cry (Azygous lines were susceptible.

  13. Keefektivan Padi Transgenik terhadap Hama Penggerek Batang Padi Kuning Scirpophaga Incertulas (Walker) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae)

    Usyati, N; Buchori, Damayanti; Manuwoto, Syafrida; Hidayat, Purnama; -Loedin, Inez H. Slamet

    2009-01-01

    Transformation two cry genes (cryIB-cryIAa) and transformation with a single the cry1B gene under the control of a wound-inducible maize proteinase inhibitor gene (mpi) promoter were two approaches that were used to get resistant rice to the rice stemborer which may be had a durable resistance. To obtain information on the effectiveness of seven transgenic rice lines to the rice yellow stemborer S. incertulas, a test was conducted in greenhouse. The seven lines were 1). line 4.2.3 and 2) line...

  14. Keefektivan padi transgenik terhadap hama penggerek batang padi kuning Scirpophaga incertulas (Walker) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae)

    N. Usyati; Damayanti Buchori; Syafrida Manuwoto; Purnama Hidayat; Inez H. Slamet -Loedin

    2016-01-01

    Transformation two cry genes (cryIB-cryIAa) and transformation with a single the cry1B gene under the control of a wound-inducible maize proteinase inhibitor gene (mpi) promoter were two approaches that were used to get resistant rice to the rice stemborer which may be had a durable resistance. To obtain information on the effectiveness of seven transgenic rice lines to the rice yellow stemborer S. incertulas, a test was conducted in greenhouse. The seven lines were 1). line 4.2.3 and 2) line...

  15. Biologi Hama Kumbang Penggerek Pucuk Kelapa Sawit (Oryctes rhinoceros L.) (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) Di Rumah Kassa

    Sejahtra, Ahmad

    2011-01-01

    Ahmad Sejahtra, "BIOLOGY SHOOT BORERS BEETLE PEST OF COCONUT PALM (Oryctes rhinoceros L.) (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) AT KASSA HOUSE", Under supervised by Ms Marheni and Ms Fatima Zahara. This study aims to determine biological pest of oil palm bud weevil (Oryctes rhinoceros L.) (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) at home kassa. The experiment was conducted on people's plantations in PERUMNAS Simalingkar starting from September 2010 until April 2011. Research using observational methods for this resear...

  16. SEDIAAN BIJI BARRINGTONIA ASIATICA: AKTIVITAS PADA HAMA KUBIS CROCIDOLOMIA PAVONANA DI LABORATORIUM DAN KEEFEKTIFAN DI LAPANGAN

    Edy Syahputra .

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Preparation of Barringtonia asiatica: insecticidal activity against Crocidolomia pavonana on laboratory and effectiveness on field.  The objectives of this study were to evaluate the insecticidal and anti-oviposition activity of ethanol seed extract of Barringtonia asiatica against Crocidolomia pavonana in the laboratory, and to determine the effectiveness of a simple preparation of B. asiatica seeds in supressing oviposition and population of C. pavonana in the field.  The mortality bioassays were conducted by a leaf-feeding method.  Anti-oviposition activity was assessed by a choice-test in the nursery.  The results showed that the ethanol seed extract of B. asiatica possessed strong insecticidal activity against C. pavonana larvae with LC50 of 0.14%.  The extract at concentrations of 0.14-1.00% reduced oviposition by C. pavonana female as much as 65.7-95.6%.  B. asiatica seeds ground in water for 5 seconds and then immersed for 1 hour at a concentration of 50 g l-1 yielded a simple preparation which was active against C. pavoana larvae. Such simple preparation at a concentration of 75 g l-1 sprayed on cabbage crop effectively suppressed population of C. pavonana larvae in the field.

  17. PERSEPSI PETANI TERHADAP INOVASI TEKNOLOGI PENGELOLAAN TANAMAN TERPADU PADI GOGO DI KABUPATEN SARMI PROVINSI PAPUA

    Petrus A. Beding

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to determine the perception of the application of innovation upland rice integrated crop management at the farm level. The research was conducted from May to October 2015 in the village of Mukti Mawes, District Bonggo, Sarmi. Data collected through a structured interview with guiding questions (questionnaire. Data were analyzed descriptively. The results showed that farmers have a positive perception of technological innovation upland rice integrated crop management. Farmers assume that upland rice integrated crop management profitable, uncomplicated, easy to try, easy to see the result, not bertentangkan with the values of local traditions and in accordance with the needs of the community. Perception level of technological innovation Integrated Crop Management upland rice reached 89.12%. The efforts of priorities that need attention in order to improve farmers' understanding of the management of upland rice farming that is both integrated manner by taking into account several factors: the income of farmers, farm business climate supportive of farmers and extension activities better.

  18. Strategi Komunikasi Pemasaran Terpadu pada Suratkabar Malaysia (Studi Deskriptif Harian Sinar Harian Selangor)

    Nasarruddin, Razie Bin; Hermawan, Anang

    2011-01-01

    Sinar Harian has new comer daily newspaper in Selangor, and positioned as an independent newspapers. So, this media use marketing communication concepts in order to accepted by communities in their audience in Malaysia. The whole factor are become from their integrated marketing communication strategy (IMC), that have five indicators included advertising, personal selling, direct marketing, public relations and sales promotions as a promotional mix. Besides IMC strategy, Sinar Harian also mak...

  19. PENYISIHAN LIMBAH NITROGEN DARI SISTEM AKUAKULTUR MULTITROFIK TERPADU MENGGUNAKAN TANAMAN SAYUR SEBAGAI KONVERTER FOTOAUTOTROF

    Sumoharjo Sumoharjo

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Tiga spesies tanaman sayur, kangkung darat (Ipomoea reptana, sawi (Brassica juncea, dan kemangi (Ocimum basilicum dibandingkan guna mengonversi ammonium dan nitrat nitrogen dari sistem akuakultur. Tanaman tersebut ditanam secara hidroponik menggunakan teknik rakit (rafting technique dengan tata letak rancangan acak kelompok lengkap (RAKL. Hasil percobaan menunjukkan bahwa tingkat konversi nitrogen oleh ketiga jenis tanaman berbeda secara nyata dengan tingkat retensi nitrogen tertinggi pada tanaman kangkung sebesar 0,73±0,28 g; diikuti oleh kemangi (0,30±0,17 g; dan terakhir oleh sawi (0,03±0,07 g. Secara keseluruhan ketiga tanaman mampu menyisihkan limbah nitrogen sebesar 6,70% dari total produksi TAN dari sisa metabolisme ikan yang dibudidayakan.

  20. Pendidikan Karakter Holistik Integratif di PAUD Terpadu ‘Aisyiyah Nur’aini Ngampilan Yogyakarta

    Hendro Widodo

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to determine: 1 The basis of character education holistically and integratively in Early Childhood Nuraini; 2 The PAUD program environment is developed for the development of character education in a holistic and integrative manner; 3 actions and actions of educators in their role of developing character education holistically and integratively, and 4 parent involvement in the character education model holistically and integratively. The results of this study can be summarized as follows: 1 Moral Education Platform, Moral, Holistic and Integrative Character in Integrated Early Childhood 'Aisyiyah Nur'aini uses the foundation of religion, local culture and objective values of the nation. Character values can be taught systematically in the Holistic character education model as follows: a Habituation (good habituation and culture, b learning good things (mora, knowing, c morale Feeling and loving: feeling and loving good, d moral acting (good action, and e model (moral model of the surrounding environment; 2 the environment here is divided into the physical and social environment. In view of the physical environment shows the lack of school lighting due to the geographic conditions of schools located in the lowlands and surrounding there are level buildings so that the school conditions seem dark or lack of open lighting. Non-physical environment is seen from the interaction of all teachers in developing character education in an integrative holistic way. Implementation of character education is done every day in the classroom through habituation (habituation with modeling of teachers with 5K requirements (consensus, commitment, consistent, continuous and consequent; 3 The teacher's action is to integrate the child's character in integrated intellectual, moral and physical development; and 4 parental involvement in character education through parenting education and parenting class activities.

  1. Desain Tata Letak Sirkuit Terpadu sebagai Hak Kekayaan Intelektual dalam Hukum Indonesia

    Sanusi Bintang

    2018-04-01

    Design of integrated circuits as blue prints for integrated circuit used in various products of information technology, such as computer, cellular phone, and telecomunication media, has its own characteristics which is not fit to be put under the previous intellectual property law regimes, therefore, it needs to be regulate under a specific legislation (sui generis. This research utilizes doctrinal legal research method by applying statute approach and comparative approach. Indonesia has enacted laws on Design of Integrated Circuits, but the law has certain limitations. The limitations is regarding the adequacy of subject matter, the quality of norms, and the legal enforcement. The limitations is not only from the aspect of technical legal drafting, but also rooted on legal culture.

  2. Pengaruh Komunikasi Pemasaran Terpadu Terhadap Ekuitas Merek (Survey Pada Pelanggan Hotel Pelangi Malang)

    Fathoni, Fathir

    2013-01-01

    This study aims to identify and explain how the influence of Integrated Marketing Communications consists of Advertising, Sales Promotion, Personal Selling, Public Relations, Direct Marketing, Interactive Marketing, and Corporate Design together and partially on Brand Equity. The type of this research is explanatory research and using questionnaires as research instruments that distributed to 100 respondents who are customers and stay at the Hotel Pelangi Malang. The results showed that varia...

  3. Strategi Marketing Mix Baitul Mal Wa Tamwil (BMT) Unit Gabungan Terpadu (UGT) Sidogiri Pasuruan

    Kirom, Cihwanul

    2016-01-01

    Within the business realm, marketing is a key factor which determines the success of distribution. Therefore, strategy and innovation are a necessity. Marketing activity would ensure whether a certain product is delivered to the costumers. In order to achieve the desired goals of marketing, it is important to manufacturers to follow a set of marketing processes, which comprise market overview, marketing strategy, marketing mix, and evaluation. Marketing mix is a set of strategies consist of p...

  4. PENGEMBANGAN SUBJECT SPECIFIC PEDAGOGY (SSP IPA TERPADU UNTUK MENINGKATKAN HASIL BELAJAR SISWA

    Fitri Yuliawati

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Background of this research is the analysis of the results of interviews some junior secondary schools in Yogyakarta and the conclusion that teachers do not use an integrated science teaching and teachers still find difficulties in the application of learning science in an integrated manner. It can be influenced by several factors, such as the lack of reference used by teachers in presenting the material Integrated Science relevantly, most of science teachers are from educational background of chemistry, physics, and biology instead of science education, so that teachers find difficulties to create an integrated learning of science. In addition, teachers feel difficulty in determining the depth of the material, limits of integration in integrated science teaching, and did not know the concept of integrated science teaching. This research is a development research. Learning tools developed included : student books, lesson plans, student activity sheets and evaluation tools. The development of the learning which is done in this study use the models of 4D development which includes the step of Define (definition which at this stage conducted a needs analysis. Design : it is the stage of Subject Specific Pedagogy (SSP software design. Development, it is the stage of development after the draft was made followed by a learning device validation by experts. This stage is also conducted to seek input from all the responses, reactions and comments from teachers, students, and observers so that it can be used for further improvement of science teaching later. The Disseminate, it is the stage of field tests are widely but not done. Data collection instruments used in this study include : test items and questionnaire. The conclusion of this development research are as follows : the results of the validation SSP integrated science by learning tools expert, material experts and media experts indicate the category of Very Good (SB so that SSP integrated science results development can be used by teachers as a reference of science learning process, in addition the use of SSP Integrated science can also be improve student learning outcomes in cognitive aspects.

  5. Intervensi Terpadu Pengurangan Dampak Buruk Asap Rokok pada Ruangan Berpengatur Udara di Lingkungan Universitas Sriwijaya

    Najmah Najmah

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Sriwijaya University is a workplace and learning places which requires to be smoking-free areas. Most of the rooms were designed as closed-air conditioned so it can be harmful if there were smoking activity there. This study aimed to test the effectiveness of the integrated intervention of smoke harm reduction in closed space/air-conditioned rooms in the Sriwijaya University environment. Eighty one University employees were selected as respondents based on a cluster random sampling method. The intervention included interactive counselling, candy cigarette substitutes, and short messages text (SMS of health promotion. Data analysis used was paired t test. The results indicated that the integrated interventions provided significant changes to knowledge and attitudes towards smoking in the closed spaces/air-conditioned rooms after the intervention (p-value = 0.002 and 0.016. Statistically, however, the behaviour has no difference in average scores of 12.89 and 12.78 respectively before and after intervention. To sum up, there is a need of a comprehensive and longterm interventions related to smoking behaviour changes in Sriwijaya University. In addition, a regulation related to smoke-free area in Sriwijaya University is urgently needed to protect passive smokers from the negative impacts of smoking activities. Keywords: air-conditioned room, harm reduction, smoke-free areaAbstrakUniversitas Sriwijaya merupakan kawasan tempat kerja sekaligus tempat proses pembelajaran yang seharusnya membuat kawasan bebas asap rokok. Sebagian besar ruangan didesain tertutup dan berpengatur udara Air Conditioning (AC sehingga dapat menyebabkan dampak buruk jika ada aktivitas merokok di dalamnya. Penelitian bertujuan untuk menguji efektivitas intervensi terintegrasi pengurangan dampak buruk asap rokok pada ruangan tertutup /ber-AC di lingkungan Universitas Sriwijaya. Sebanyak delapan puluh satu pegawai Universitas Sriwijaya diambil sebagai responden menggunakan teknik cluster random sampling. Intervensi yang diberikan meliputi konseling interaktif, permen pengganti rokok dan pesan singkat promosi kesehatan. Analisis data menggunkan uji t berpasangan. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa Intervensi terintegrasi ini memberikan perubahan yang signifikan terhadap pengetahuan dan sikap terhadap aktivitas merokok di ruang tertutup/ber- AC setelah intervensi (p-value = 0.002 dan 0.016. Secara statistik, perilaku sebelum dan setelah intervensi tidak memiliki perbedaan yang signifikan dengan rata-rata skor (masing-masing 12.89 dan 12.78. Oleh Karena itu, diperlukan intervensi yang komprehensif dan berkelanjutan dalam mengubah perilaku merokok di Universitas Sriwijaya. Selain itu, diperlukan terkait kawasan tanpa rokok untuk melindungi perokok pasif dari efek negatif aktivitas merokok.Kata kunci: Kawasan Tanpa Rokok, ruangan ber-AC, pengurangan dampak

  6. KEGIATAN MAHASISWA UNIVERSITAS MUHAMMADIYAH PURWOICERTO PESERTA KKN TERPADU DI PERPUSTAKAAN SEKOLAH DI WILAYAH KABUPATEN BANYUMAS

    Daryanto Daryanto

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This research is aimed to find out the kinds of students' contribution at some schools' libraries. This research was done Public Service Unit of Muhammadiyah University from March — May 2007. The method used in this research is by analysing the documents as the final report of Public Field Work Based on the result of the research, it can be concluded that the students' contributions can be both technical and financial aids. The technical aids, such as: room management, inventarization, classification, catalogue, making book card, making member card, putting the book label, giving the book cover, putting the data in computer, book shelfing, arranging the wall paper an doing the administration as well as circulation service. The financial aid was Rp. 3,134,850 used to buy the libraries' needs, including books, bookselves, paint and writing utensils. Key words: shoots' libraries.

  7. Analisis Strategi Komunikasi Pemasaran Terpadu dalam Meningkatan Partisipasi Pemilih pada Pemilu 2014

    Wira Respati

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available As the institution in charge of election administration, Election Commission of Republic of Indonesia or Komisi Pemilihan Umum (KPU has consistently conducted campaign to increase number of voters who will participate in election. As a matter of fact, result of previous elections showed how the level of participation has been decreased. Lack of political awareness, level of knowledge upon the importance of election as well as skepticism on government and representatives’ performance were believed to be the trigger. Hence, it is important for KPU to enhance effective marketing communication program, ranging from the stages of planning, implementation and evaluation to promote public awareness to participate in the election. Therefore, this study aims to find how the principles of social marketing are actually implemented in designing communication program to increase voter awareness upon the importance of 2014 election. This study used qualitative method. Data were gathered from interview with related parties and literature study. Research found that the principles of social marketing to build awareness of voters basically have already been integrated in the programs of KPU toward the entire group of voters. In addition, KPU is quite aware of the importance of synergy between the programs of their communications both above the line and below the line. On April 9th legislative election, level of participation were increasing, reached 75.11%, up from 71% in the previous 2009 election. However, the level of participation of the July 9th presidential election dropped to 70% compared to the previous election in 2009, 72%. The result of these two elections should be considered as another challenge to KPU in improving their marketing communication strategy in the future. 

  8. Prasasti Turryan Menengok Bendungan Jaman Kuno Di Turen (Suatu Kajian IPS Terpadu Peninggalah Sejarah

    Sinyamin Sinyamin

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Uncovering the function and role of geography, is useful to (1 cultivate an attitude of awareness and concern for the environment and resources. (2 Increasing Tolerance to socio-cultural awareness for the community. Historical heritage is a vehicle that is suited to make it happen. Turen, ancient city in Indonesia has a history of the area should retain identity, safeguard the environment, natural resources, history, and human. Cultural property need to be cultivated as fixed tepeliharanya environmental sustainability and culture. Potential Geography enables Turen region to develop the area to increase the welfare of society through historical heritage and the possibility of development. Keywords: Geography, History, cultural legacy, Environment, Resources.   http://dx.doi.org/10.17977/um022v1i22016p136

  9. Perancangan Alat Pemanas Elektrik da Penoreh Malam Terpadu yang Bersifat Inklusif

    Paulus Bawole

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAKPenguasaan ketrampilan membatik harus lebih menyebar ke berbagai pelosok di Indonesia. Kecacatan tubuh (impairment, baik brakidaktili maupun paraplegia bukanlah halangan untuk menguasai ketrampilan membatik. Terdapat tiga faktor penyebab tingginya biaya produksi batik tulis, yaitu waktu, energi dan ketrampilan tinggi. Penelitian ergonomi dengan studi kasus para pembatik difabel ini bertujuan memperoleh pemahaman tentang kemampuan pengguna dan keluhan muskuloskeletal para pembatik difabel yang diakibatkan oleh alat tersebut. Hasil yang diperoleh akan menjadi spesifikasi performa produk untuk perancangan alat membatik elektrik yang bersifat inklusif, dapat digunakan oleh berbagai pengguna, mulai dari kalangan pembatik pemula hingga yang berpengalaman, bertangan normal maupun tidak sempurna. Pengukuran dengan metode RULA, pengamatan dan wawancara dalam ujicoba penggunaan aneka jenis gagang canting desain baru diperoleh kesimpulan bahwa genggaman presisi eksternal menghasilkan kebutuhan ukuran gagang yang sama baik bagi pembatik dengan tangan normal maupun brakidaktili. Sedangkan pada analisa metode NBM dan HTA didapatkan kesimpulan bahwa jika unit pemanas malam bisa disatukan dengan canting maka didapatkan pengurangan satu langkah dalam kegiatan membatik sekaligus mengurangi keletihan dalam membatik. Penelitian ini menghasilkan konsep perancangan unit pemanas malam elektrik arus DC yang menyatu dengan penoreh malam. Alat membatik yang bersifat inklusif ini akan membuat pekerjaan membatik bisa dilakukan oleh berbagai kalangan masyarakat terutama di desa dengan pasokan listrik yang terbatas. Kata kunci: pembatik difabel, inklusif, pemanas arus DCABSTRACTThe skill of batik craftmanship should spread wider to the nook and corner of Indonesia archipelago. Impairment such as brachydactile as well as paraphlegia shouldn’t be a hindrance to master the batik technique. There are three factors found as a source of high production cost in  hand-made batik; time, energy, and high skill. The goal of this ergonomic research using case studies of difable batik artisans is to get an understanding of user capabilities and musculoskeletal problems of users while operating standard batik equipment. The result then will be used as a specification of product performance for designing inclusive electric batik equipment, that can be operated by most users, from beginners to advance artisans, with normal fingers as well as challenged. Measurement using RULA method, observation and interviews on the trials of several new handles showed that there is an agreement on handle size when both extreme impaired users performed external precision grip. NBM and HTA analyzes concluded that if wax heating unit could be integrated with canting, it will eliminate one production step as well as reduce fatique. This research had produced a design of electric batik equipment with DC current. This inclusive equipment will enable batik production to be made in villages with limited supply from national electrical company. Keywords: diffable batik artisan, inclusive, DC heating unit

  10. Analisis Manajemen Mutu Terpadu di PT Madu Pramuka Cibubur Jakarta Timur

    A. Sukmawati

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available The study was conducted to determine the critical component of a Total Quality Management (TQM Program. The objectives of this research were: (1 identifying the problems of TQM implementation and, (2 analyzing of TQM performace in PT Madu Pramuka. Data were collected from PT Madu Pramuka through an expert survey instrument. Data analysis was done through Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP. Results of this study indicated that the most important problem was the quality of raw material (honey which were still under the standard. This is due to limited honey quality control tools. The TQM performance was not satisfying because it was only storage and packaging division used standard as the critical component of TQM.

  11. ANALISIS KUALITAS PELAYANAN PERIJINAN DI BPMPPT (BADAN PENANAMAN MODAL DAN PELAYANAN PERIZINAN TERPADU KABUPATEN PEKALONGAN

    Hesti Lestari

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Permitting is considered a very complicated, difficult and take a long time. Maind-seat it makes people reluctant to take care of permissions. Plus cases encountered either directly or indirectly, often distinguish social class. Quality services are closely related to customer satisfaction. This research was conducted in BPMPPT (Investment Board and Integrated Licensing Service Pekalongan, using qualitative research methods, informants and people who take care of licensing related parties, selected purposively. Data retrieved through observation, in-depth interviews, and documentation. Research instruments: the researcher himself, and implementation process using tools: a tape recorder, interview guidelines and documents. Research to identify any implementation issues of licensing services. Data analysis is descriptive analysis using a technique Tri angulation. The result: BPMPPT have assessed IKM in 2012, 2013, and 2014; Results of the assessment in 2012: 76.50 score with a score of 74.0 in 2013 and 2014: a score of 73.8; These results indicate that during the three years from 2012 s / d 2014: decrease. Elements decreased: Getting Justice Services; Courtesy and hospitality Officer; Fairness Service Charge; Care Cost Certainty, Certainty and Security Services Schedule Services.

  12. ANALISIS USAHATANI TERPADU TANAMAN DAN TERNAK KAMBING DI AREAL PERKEBUNAN KELAPA DI SULAWESI UTARA

    Derek Polakitan

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Coconut Commodity as a source of income many people in North Sulawesi. The area of   266,147.36 ha of coconut plantation largely cultivated in monoculture. Under these conditions it is necessary to empower that coconut farming remains a mainstay source of income for the family farm. Objective of the assessment that has been done is to analyze the integrated plant and goat farming in the area of   coconut plantation. The rationale, the lower the productivity of coconut. In the 2003 - 2004 has made   the development of goats in the plantation area in KP Pandu village Talawaan Bantik Wori District of North Minahasa. Development is done using a model of integrated farming of coconut, corn and goats. One hectare of coconut land area fenced with Gliricidia produced 843.2 kg of fresh forage /90 day. 0.2 ha of  land planted with king grass has produced fresh forage 9,150kg/45 day. 0.6 ha of land planted with corn yield 2,829.6 kg and 8,787 kg of straw hay. Compiling the ability to produce forage of three forage sources can meet the needs of 90 goats. Compiling the ability to produce forage of three forage sources can meet the needs of 90 goats. An increase in profits of  Rp 634,650/year/ha in monoculture to Rp 14,262,070/year/ha in integrated farming. In conclusion, in order to increase productivity and farm income coconut diversification should do both vertical and horizontal. How to apply the integrated farming systems integration goat corn coconut (SIKJK.

  13. Strategi Marketing Mix Baitul Mal wa Tamwil (BMT Unit Gabungan Terpadu (UGT Sidogiri Pasuruan

    Cihwanul Kirom

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Within the business realm, marketing is a key factor which determines the success of distribution. Therefore, strategy and innovation are a necessity. Marketing activity would ensure whether a certain product is delivered to the costumers. In order to achieve the desired goals of marketing, it is important to manufacturers to follow a set of marketing processes, which comprise market overview, marketing strategy, marketing mix, and evaluation. Marketing mix is a set of strategies consist of product, price, promotion, and distribution, which guarantee the success of marketing activities. All of these aspects are intended to attain responses from the targeted market. The article seeks to discuss the marketing mix strategy implemented by BMT UGT Sidogiri Pasuruan based on four “Ps”, namely product, price, place, and promotion. The study finds that the marketing mix strategy employed by BMT UGT has met the costumers’ needs in terms of product strategy, pricing strategy, distribution strategy, and promotion strategy. The study also concludes that the proper implementation of marketing mix strategy and its compatibility with Islamic sharîʻah as well as the organization’s obedience towards Islamic business ethics are among pivotal factors that have significantly influenced the development of BMT UGT Sidogiri

  14. MODEL MISSOURI MATHEMATICS PROJECT TERPADU DENGAN TIK UNTUK MENINGKATKAN PEMECAHAN MASALAH DAN KEMANDIRIAN BELAJAR

    Nailil Faroh

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakPada kurikulum 2013 pelajaran TIK dihilangkan dan terintegrasi pada setiap matapelajaran.Ini menjadi tantangan bagi guru matematika supaya kompetensi TIK siswa tetap ditanamkan di sekolah meskipun pelajaran TIK telah dihilangkan.Skenario model MMPterpadu dengan TIK yaitu siswa diberi tugas terstrukturdengan memanfaatkan TIK pada setiap pertemuan.Tujuan penelitian ini adalahmenghasilkan perangkat pembelajaran yang valid, praktis, dan efektif. Penelitian inimerupakan penelitian pengembangan dengan menggunakan model Borg and Gall.Perangkat pembelajaran yang dikembangkan adalah Silabus, RPP, Buku Siswa,LKS, dan TKPM.Cara pengambilan data dengan dokumen, angket, observasi,wawancara, dan tes. Pengolahan data uji efektifitas dengan uji ketuntasan, ujipengaruh, uji banding, dan uji peningkatan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan:perangkat pembelajaran yang dikembangkan valid dengan skor rataan 4.14;perangkat pembelajaran yang dikembangkan praktis karena respon positif  siswa83,10 % dan skor kemampuan guru mengelola kelas 4,26; pembelajaran matematikaefektif  karena rataan hasil TKPM kelas eksperimen 77,33 melebihi KKM = 70,rataan kelas ekperimen lebih tinggi daripada kelas kontrol, ada pengaruh positif kemandirian belajar dan keterampilan pemecahan masalah terhadap kemampuanpemecahan masalah sebesar 79%; serta terdapat peningkatan kemandirian,keterampilan pemecahan masalah, dan kemampuan pemecahan masalah.AbstractIn 2013 curriculum eliminated and integrated ICT lessons in each subject. It’s a challenge formathematics teachers ICT competencies that students stay in school despite the lessons instilledICT has removed.MMP Scenario models integrated with ICT that students are given structuredtasks with the use ICT at each meeting.The purpose this research to producemathematicallearningvalid, practical and effective. This research is development of  model Borg and Gall. Learning device was developed syllabus, lesson plans, Student Book, worksheets, and TKPM.Obtaining data based on collecting documents, questionnaire, observation, interview, and tests.The data processing effectiveness test included test completeness, effect of  test, test differenceand improvement test. The results showed: learning developed device valid with average skor4.14;learning developed device is practical based on 83,10% positive response of  students andscore of  the ability teachers to manage the class is 4.26; the learning mathematics effectiveresult because average results of  experimental class problem solving abilities is 77,33 exceedKKM 70, average experimental grade higher than control, and there is positive effect betweenindependence learningand problem solving skills to problem solving ability many 79%; therean increase independence learning, problem solving skills, and problem solving ability.

  15. Pengaruh Pemberian Kredit terhadap Peningkatan USAha Anggota pada Koperasi Pedagang Pasar (Koppas) Terpadu Pekanbaru

    Yostasia, Winda; ', Caska; ', Hendripides

    2016-01-01

    This research was motivated by the difficulty of traditional traders in accessing and managing capital resources, so it is necessary to study how traditional merchants meet the need for capital in the provision of goods traded and how traders maximize the use of existing capital resources for the improvement and development of their businesses. The purpose of this study was to determine and analyze how much influence the provision of credit to the improvement of business members in the cooper...

  16. BUDI DAYA TERPADU Cherax quadricarinatus DAN C. albertisi DENGAN PADI DALAM KOLAM TANAH

    Taufik Ahmad

    2016-11-01

    Cherax spp. in Indonesia is not so well known compare to other crustaceans such as penaeids shrimp, the main aquaculture products. Since the 1990’s, the production of cherax post larvae has been intended to supply the hobbyists of ornamental crustaceans.  No data available of how large is the production of cherax in Indonesia, either for food or ornament. To provide evidence that cherax is not a padi eater, an experiment was carried out in an integrated culture with padi in 1 m x 1 m x 0.5 m earthen ponds. The cherax stocked into the ponds are C. quadricarinatus and C. albertisi, at 15 PL-45/m2 of each different pond. The water depth in each pond is maintained at 30—40 cm on the perimeter ditch. The feed, grower penaeids shrimp feed, is given at 3% biomass weight when necessary. The cherax is sampled every 30 days for total and carapace length as well as individual weight. Number and weight of grain produced and numbers of paddy seedling are the variable observed to monitor padi growth. The number of grains and seedling in cherax ponds which is not significantly different (P>0.05 from those in ponds without cherax indicating that cherax is not padi eater. Either C. quadricarinatus or C. albertisi achieved maximum individual weight of 20 g in 90 days rearing period. Both of the cherax are dyke hole maker, but tend to causing seepage. The depth of the hole ranges from 20—80 cm, just enough for the cherax to hide just after moulting. Obviously, cherax culture could be developed as a new source of income for the farmers and would not cherax is not padi eater. Either C. quadricarinatus or C. albertisi achieved maximum individual weight of 20 g in 90 days rearing period. Both of the cherax are dyke hole maker, but tend to causing seepage. The depth of the hole ranges from 20—80 cm, just enough for the cherax to hide just after moulting. Obviously, cherax culture could be developed as a new source of income for the farmers and would not threaten the production rice, the Indonesian staple food.

  17. Sekolah Islam terpadu; Filsafat, ideologi, dan tren baru pendidikan Islam di Indonesia

    Suyatno

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Toward the 21st century, there is an interesting change in the trend of education (read Islamic education in Indonesia . The dominance of educational institutions that consists of “Pesantren”,“Madrasah”, and Schools become different. It is based on the phenomenon that there is Integrated Islamic Schools in this country. The educational institutions,whicht have been spread to all parts of Indonesia, were established by some mosque activists at the ITB and UI campuses. The very rapid development of this school indicates that the Integrated Islamic School becomes the new trend of Islamic education in Indonesia. In this school, it is emphasized on the education of religious moral values and the excellent modern education nowadays. This kind of Integrated Islamic School has also proved a new style of the middle reislamization class of Indonesian Muslims.

  18. AKSES JENIS DOKUMEN PADA BASIS DATA TERPADU: SUATU TINJAUAN TERHADAP OPAC DI PDII-LIPI

    Ade Kohar

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Integrated data base is a data base records bibliographic data of several types of document like textbook, periodicals, proceedings, research report, thesis, and article. Purposes of this study were to investigate document type description and searching strategy in integrated data base of online public access catalogs (OPAC in PDII-LIPI, and to know user opinion about that data base existence. It used observation and interviews to 100 data base users to collect data. Result of this study stated that document type description in OPAC was not indexed, so users couldn't do information searching of special type of document directly in the data base. There was only one method could be used to search information of special type of document. User could select it from some information records on the computer screen as the result of document title, author name or subject searching in the data base. This information access method was not efficient. So document type description and indexing was an important factor and should be done in information retrieval system using integrated data base. But respondent majority (84% in PDII-LIPI stated that they liked using separated data base to search information of special type of document.

  19. Pemetaan Pusat Pelayanan Terpadu Pemberdayaan Perempuan dan Anak (P2TP2A Provinsi Sumatera Bar

    Hallen Abu Bakar

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The Center of Integrated Service for Women and Children Empowerment (P2TP2A is established by the government based community in order to eliminate the violence towards women and children. It also aims to empower the position of women and children. The purpose of the study is to describe comprehensively the existance of P2TP2A in sub-district, district, city, and province in West Sumatra. Descriptive qualitative research was used where the data taken from questionnaire and in-deepthinterview. The study found that the Center of Integrated Service for Women and Children Empowerment was established by following certain procedure, legality and personnel structure. It also found that the majority of P2TP2A in West Sumatra has insufficient infrastructures. Meanwhile, it is only P2TP2A Limpapeh Rumah Nan Gadang of West Sumatera, and P2TP2A Luhak Nan Tuo Batusangkar has sufficient infrastructures. Many of them were located at the corner of Community Empowerment and Women and Family Planning office (BPMPKB. Every P2TP2A in those district and city have made their programs, but they faced some difficulties in realize them doe to financial problems. The human resources were recruited from SKPD, academician, professional, society figures, LSM who concern on gender meanstreaming. They play the role more on providing the service than giving information and empowerment. The last finding of the study showed that the involvement of local government, Health offices, social services, police, ministry of religion, prosecutors and social services have been effective.

  20. Evaluasi Ekonomi Mikro: Dampak Proyek Terpadu Peternakan dan Pertanian Pangan di Indonesia Bagian Timur

    Budiman Notoatmojo

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available Impact evaluation of integrated livestock and food crop project micro analysis will concentrate  in the increase of farmers income, the increase of farmers food nutrient, and woman participation. Macro analysis has also been used to study on decentralization. The project has given 41.800 cattles for 19.000 farmers, 20.000 goats for 9 000 farmers, construct infrastructures (village road system, livestoc holding ground, etc, facilitate agroinputs for 28,000 package, training and extensions, and more others with total cost about US$ 34,200,000. The area covers South Sulawesi, North Sulawesi, Gorontalo , Maluku, and North East Maluku. Total number of samples which have been taken for the survey were 162, which consist of 27 women, 63 farmers, 18 project staf, and 18 respondent from outside project. The result from the survey has shown that farmers have got benefits from project and their income has increased. 79% farmers has satisfied with the credit they have received already, however, the repayment has moved slowly. Eventhough they have raised only chicken, however, the farmers’ food nutrient has increased already.  

  1. Perancangan Alat Pemanas Elektrik da Penoreh Malam Terpadu yang Bersifat Inklusif

    Paulus Bawole; Eko A. Prawoto; Puspitasari Darsono; Winta Guspara

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRAKPenguasaan ketrampilan membatik harus lebih menyebar ke berbagai pelosok di Indonesia. Kecacatan tubuh (impairment), baik brakidaktili maupun paraplegia bukanlah halangan untuk menguasai ketrampilan membatik. Terdapat tiga faktor penyebab tingginya biaya produksi batik tulis, yaitu waktu, energi dan ketrampilan tinggi. Penelitian ergonomi dengan studi kasus para pembatik difabel ini bertujuan memperoleh pemahaman tentang kemampuan pengguna dan keluhan muskuloskeletal para pembatik difa...

  2. STRATEGI KOMUNIKASI PEMASARAN TERPADU EKOWISATA DI KEBUN RAYA EKA KARYA, BEDUGUL, BALI

    Muntadliroh Muntadliroh

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Ecotourism of Bali Botanical Garden, Bedugul, Tabanana Regency, Bali, has been able to increase the number of visitors from time to time though it is still far from the optimum level. In 2010-2011 the number of visitors at Bali Botanical Gardens was counted for 368.927 people. Based on the data, visitors interest to visit Bali Botanical Garden are still low. Facing this problem, integrated marketing communication strategy is needed.This paper discusses implementation of integrated marketing communication concept created by Philip Kotler to the market ecotourism at Bali Botanical Garden, by using case study for qualitative research.The results of this analysis show that implementing this concept made a better relationship between Bali Botanical Garden and its visitors, also increasing quantity of its visitors.

  3. ANALISIS KEPUASAN MASYARAKAT TERHADAP PELAYANAN BADAN PELAYANAN PERIJINAN TERPADU (BPPT KABUPATEN BADUNG

    I G. A. Ketut Wira Sutha

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available In order to give a more efficient and effective public service, the Badung government formed a Board for Integrated Permit Services (BPPT as stipulated by the Local Government Regulation Number 4 / 2013 on 21 March 2013 which started its service on 1 May 2013. They used community’s satisfaction as a measure in order to give a good quality of services which is evaluated periodically. This study purposeful to know the community’s satisfaction level of BPPT services in order to know the effect of the five quality dimension of services which are tangibility, reliability, responsiveness, assurance and empathy. Quisioner method were use to collect data, which are contain 25 questions descriptivetly about the fact and realization of BPPT services regarding to the ninety six customers. And inferential analysis method were use to get conclusion about population based on behavior. The conclusion of descriptive analysis mention that the satisfaction level of community regarding to the overall of BPPT services is 66.98% value with category of “sufficiently satisfactory” where the most influential dimension of the community’s satisfaction was Empathy with the coefficient of 0.787 as shown in the regression equation Y = 15.133 + 0.630X1 + 0.463X2 + 0.659X3 + 0.602X4 + 0.787X5. The inferential analysis method mention that five dimension influence simultaneously dan partially to the community’s satisfaction. The suggestions that can be given from this study is to opptimalyzed the supporting facilities with providing a centre of communication which is usually called “call centre”, so easly for the community to get information and to propose critic and suggest regarding to the services.

  4. IMPLEMENTASI PENDIDIKAN AKHLAK DI SEKOLAH DASAR ISLAM TERPADU (SDIT AL-BADR KECAMATAN BANGKINANG KABUPATEN KAMPAR

    Nelly Yusra

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available We often hear a saying mentions that teaching children at the early stage of their life, it will be like you are writing on a stone. But if you teach someone during his adulthood, it will be such you are writing on water which traces nowhere. This proverb cannot be denied since character and moral are nurtured best in the earlier stage of children’s life. Early age of childhood is critical period for forming children character. Educational experts say that the failure in giving moral education in earlier stages of children life will cause bad problems at their adult life later. It becomes worst if they grow in a bad environment

  5. IMPLEMENTASI PENDIDIKAN AKHLAK DI SEKOLAH DASAR ISLAM TERPADU (SDIT AL-BADR KECAMATAN BANGKINANG KABUPATEN KAMPAR

    Nelly Yusra

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available We often hear a saying mentions that teaching children at the early stage of their life, it will be like you are writing on a stone. But if you teach someone during his adulthood, it will be such you are writing on water which traces nowhere. This proverb cannot be denied since character and moral are nurtured best in the earlier stage of children’s life. Early age of childhood is critical period for forming children character. Educational experts say that the failure in giving moral education in earlier stages of children life will cause bad problems at their adult life later. It becomes worst if they grow in a bad environment

  6. FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KINERJA TENAGA KESEHATAN DALAM PELAYANAN ANTENATAL CARE TERPADU

    Elisa Christiana

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: The aim of research to find out the factors related to theperformance of health workers in ANC Integrated in Blitar. This study isa qualitative research with cross-sectional approach. Technique ofsampling with a total sampling found 40 health workers and 3 head ofPuskesmas. The results showed the performance of health workers inANC Integrated categorized 52.5% less, Factors related to theperformance of that age, leadership, attitude and motivation, while factorsunrelated are working time and supervision. The most dominant factorrelated to the performance is leadership after the controlled variablemotivation.Keywords: performance, health workers, ante natal care integrated

  7. PEMANFAATAN PESTISIDA NABATI PADA PENGENDALIAN HAMA PLUTELLA XYLOSTELLA TANAMAN SAWI (Brassica juncea L. MENUJU PERTANIAN RAMAH LINGKUNGAN

    suhartini suhartini

    2017-05-01

    ABSTRACT The use of chemical pesticides has many negative impacts on the environment, it is necessary for the use of biological pesticide towards sustainable agriculture or environmentally friendly agriculture. In the village were encountered many types of leaves that can be used as a biological pesticide, and therefore this study aims to determine the effectiveness of pesticide plant extracts of the leaves of some plants covering the leaves of tobacco, elephantopus, yellow wood and green betel on mortality of Plutella xylostella pests in plants mustard greens (Brassica juncea L, heavy wet mustard and mustard leaf damage    This study uses a completely randomized design with the treatment of various crops as a pesticide vegetable. The treatments used 6 kinds (degree ie negative control (P0, the leaves of tobacco (P1, the leaves of elephantopus (P2, the leaves of yellow wood (P3, the leaves of greens betel (P4 and chemical pesticides as a positive control (P5 with each grade of 10 %. Parameters measured were mortality pests, heavy wet mustard greens and mustard greens leaf damage rate. The analysis was performed by one-way ANOVA.    The results showed that the extract from the leaves of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum, the leaves of elephantopus, the leaves of yellow wood (Arcangelisia flava L. and the leaves of green betel (Piper betle Linn. With a 10 percent concentration of the extract on a variety of  leaves are not yet significant effect on mortality pests Plutella xylostella, heavy wet of mustard greens (brassica juncea l. and severity of leaf mustard greens (brassica juncea l.. The leaf extract the most influence on mortality Plutella xylostella sequential is an extract of the leaves tobacco, the leaves of greens betel, the leaves of yellow wood and the leaves of elephantopus. While the effect on weight of wet mustard greens (Brassica juncea l. in order are as follows: the leaves of yellow wood, the leaves of green betel, the leaves of elephantopus, and the leaves of tobacco. Meanwhile the level of damage to the mustard greens leaves are starting from the smallest breakdown in order are the leaves of green betel, the leaves of tobacco, the leaves of elephantopus and the leaves of yellow wood.   Keywords: Pesticides Vegetable, extract, Plutella xylostella, mortality, Brassica juncea

  8. PENAMBAHAN BEBERAPA JENIS BAHAN NUTRISI PADA MEDIA PERBANYAKAN UNTUK MENINGKATKAN VIRULENSI BEAUVERIA BASSIANA TERHADAP HAMA WALANG SANGIT

    Ni Siluh Putu Nuryanti

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available A research was conducted to increase the virulence of Beauvaria bassiana to the rice bug, L.  acuta, by adding four different substances (materials to the rice media to grow the fungus. The research was conducted from April to August 2011 at Polinela Laboratory, Bandar Lampung.  To do this a set of experimental unit consisting of five treatments and five replications were arranged in completely randomized design. The  four treatments were media made up of rice (rice based media each given or added with four different materials such as rice skin powder, corn sugar, grasshopper powder and chitosan powder. The result showed that B. bassiana grown on rice media added with grasshopper powder or rice skin powder were able of causing mortality to the L. acuta as high as 78% and 71%, respectively, meaning that both mortalities were much higher than that of other replication. The virulence values of Beauveria bassiana  grown on those both powder were also higher than that of three others.

  9. Assessing Perceived Credibility of Web Sites in a Terrorism Context: The PFLP, Tamil Tigers, Hamas, and Hezbollah

    Spinks, Brandon Todd

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to contribute to the overall understanding of terrorist organizations' use of the Internet and to increase researchers' knowledge of Web site effectiveness. The methodological approach was evaluation of the perceived credibility of Web sites based on existing criteria derived from information users. The Web sites of…

  10. A review of human anti-globulin antibody (HAGA, HAMA, HACA, HAHA) responses to monoclonal antibodies. Not four letter words.

    Mirick, G R; Bradt, B M; Denardo, S J; Denardo, G L

    2004-12-01

    The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved unconjugated monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) for immunotherapy (IT) of B-cell lymphoma, breast cancer and acute myeloid leukemia. More recently, approval has been given for conjugated ZevalinTM ((90)yttrium ibritumomab tiuxetan, IDEC-Y2B8, Biogen Idec, Cambridge, MA) and BexxarTM ((131)I-tositumomab, Corixa, Corp., Seattle, WA and GlaxoSmithKline, Philadelphia, PA) anti-CD20 MAbs for use in radioimmunotherapy (RIT) of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), thus redefining the standard care of cancer patients. Because of, and despite a lack of basis for concern about allergic reactions due to human antibody responses to these foreign proteins, assays were developed to determine HAGA (human anti-globulin antibody) levels that developed in patient sera following treatment with MAbs. Strategies were also devised to ''humanize'' MAbs and to temporarily block patient immune function with drugs in order to decrease the seroconversion rates, with considerable success. On the other hand, a survival advantage has been observed in some patients who developed a HAGA following treatment. This correlates with development of an anti-idiotype antibody cascade directed toward the MAbs used to treat these patients. What follows is a selective review of HAGA and its effect on cancer treatment over the past 2 decades.

  11. A review of human anti-globulin antibody (HAGA, HAMA, HACA, HAHA) responses to monoclonal antibodies. Not four letter words

    Mirick, G. R.; Bradt, B. M.; Denardo, S. J.; Denardo, G. L.

    2004-01-01

    The United States Food and Drugs Administration (FDA) has approved unconjugated monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) for immunotherapy (IT) of B-cell lymphoma, breast cancer and acute myeloid leukemia. More recently, approval has been given for conjugated ZevalinTM ( 9 0yttrium ibritumomab tiuxetan, IDEC-Y2B8, Biogen Idec, Cambridge, MA) and BexxarTM ( 1 31I-tositumomab, Corixa, Corp., Seattle, WA and GlaxoSmithKline, Philadelphia, PA) antiCD20 MAns for use in radioimmunotherapy (RIT) of non-Hodgikin's lymphoma (NHL), thus redefining the standard care of cancer patients. Because of, and despite a lack of basis for concern about allergic reactions due to human antibody responses to these foreign proteins, essays were developed to determine HAGE (human anti-globulin antibody) levels that developed in patient sera following treatment with MAbs. Strategies were also devised to humanize MAbs and to temporarily block patient immune function with drugs in order to decrease the seroconversion rates, with considerable success. On the other hand, a survival advantage has been observed in some patients who developed a HAGA following treatment. This correlates with development of an anti-idiotype antibody cascade directed toward the MAbs used to treat these patients. What follows is a selective review of HAGA and its effect on cancer treatment over the past 2 decades

  12. A review of human anti-globulin antibody (HAGA, HAMA, HACA, HAHA) responses to monoclonal antibodies. Not four letter words

    Mirick, G. R.; Bradt, B. M.; Denardo, S. J.; Denardo, G. L. [Calfornia Univ., Sacramento (United States). Davis Medical Center

    2004-12-01

    The United States Food and Drugs Administration (FDA) has approved unconjugated monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) for immunotherapy (IT) of B-cell lymphoma, breast cancer and acute myeloid leukemia. More recently, approval has been given for conjugated ZevalinTM ({sup 9}0yttrium ibritumomab tiuxetan, IDEC-Y2B8, Biogen Idec, Cambridge, MA) and BexxarTM ({sup 1}31I-tositumomab, Corixa, Corp., Seattle, WA and GlaxoSmithKline, Philadelphia, PA) antiCD20 MAns for use in radioimmunotherapy (RIT) of non-Hodgikin's lymphoma (NHL), thus redefining the standard care of cancer patients. Because of, and despite a lack of basis for concern about allergic reactions due to human antibody responses to these foreign proteins, essays were developed to determine HAGE (human anti-globulin antibody) levels that developed in patient sera following treatment with MAbs. Strategies were also devised to humanize MAbs and to temporarily block patient immune function with drugs in order to decrease the seroconversion rates, with considerable success. On the other hand, a survival advantage has been observed in some patients who developed a HAGA following treatment. This correlates with development of an anti-idiotype antibody cascade directed toward the MAbs used to treat these patients. What follows is a selective review of HAGA and its effect on cancer treatment over the past 2 decades.

  13. Pengendalian hama penggerek ubi jalar Cylas formicarius (Fabricus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae menggunakan cendawan entomopatogen Beauveria bassiana (Balsamo Vuillemen

    Marida Santi Yudha Ika Bayu

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Cylas formicarius (Fabricus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae is one of the major pest on sweetpotato which can cause yield lost up to 100%. The objective of this study was to obtain the effective and efficiency control technique of sweetpotato weevils. The research was conducted on June–October 2014 at Muneng Research Station, Probolinggo, East Java, using randomized block design, five treatments and three replicates. The treatments consisted of immersion of sweetpotato cuttings in the suspension of conidia Beauveria bassiana (Bals. Vuill. for 30 minutes before planting; application of suspension of conidia B. bassiana on soil at 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12 weeks after sowing (WAS; immersion of sweetpotato cuttings in the suspension of conidia B. bassiana for 30 minutes before planting combined with application of suspension of conidia B. bassiana on soil at 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12 WAS; application of chemical insecticide every week; and control. Analysis of variance showed that the application of various control technique significantly lowered the population of larvae and imago of C. formicarius and the level of tuber damage. The population level found on all treatments ranged from 1–4 eggs/plant, 1–19 larvae/plant, 0–0.2 pupae/plant and 0–4 imago/plant. The weight of tuber was 571–700 g/plant with the level of damage 6–53%. Low level of damage was found in the aplication of suspension of conidia B. bassiana on soil at 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12 WAS which were 6%. Application of suspension of conidia B. bassiana on soil at 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12 WAS can suppress the population of C. formicarius on tuber and reduce the level of damage up to 48%.

  14. DAMPAK APLIKASI INSEKTISIDA PERMETRIN TERHADAP SERANGGA HAMA (THOSEA SP.) DAN SERANGGA PENYERBUK (ELAEIDOBIUS KAMERUNICUS) DALAM AGROEKOSISTEM KELAPA SAWIT

    Rosma Hasibuan, I Gede Swibawa, Agus M. Hariri, Sudi Pramono, F.X. Susilo1, dan Nurafiah Karmike

    2011-01-01

    Impact of Permethrin-Insecticide Application on Insect Pest (Thosea sp.) and Insect Pollinators (Elaeidobius kamerunicus) in Oil Palm Agroecosystem.  Insecticide efficacy studies are usually determined from the target insect (pest) data without regard to the effect of that treatment on the non-target insects (such as pollinators). This study examined  the effect of  permethrin  (one of widely used insecticides for agriculture)  on   defoliating insect pest (nettle caterpillar, Thosea sp.) and...

  15. DAMPAK APLIKASI INSEKTISIDA PERMETRIN TERHADAP SERANGGA HAMA (THOSEA SP. DAN SERANGGA PENYERBUK (ELAEIDOBIUS KAMERUNICUS DALAM AGROEKOSISTEM KELAPA SAWIT

    Rosma Hasibuan, I Gede Swibawa, Agus M. Hariri, Sudi Pramono, F.X. Susilo1, dan Nurafiah Karmike

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Impact of Permethrin-Insecticide Application on Insect Pest (Thosea sp. and Insect Pollinators (Elaeidobius kamerunicus in Oil Palm Agroecosystem.  Insecticide efficacy studies are usually determined from the target insect (pest data without regard to the effect of that treatment on the non-target insects (such as pollinators. This study examined  the effect of  permethrin  (one of widely used insecticides for agriculture  on   defoliating insect pest (nettle caterpillar, Thosea sp. and  insect pollinator (weevil, Elaeidobius kamerunicus which lives on pollen of  male oil palm flowers.  A complete block design was used in which each of  four blocks consisted of 5 treatments (4 concentrations of permethrin; 50;  100; 200; and 250 ppm and control .  The results clearly demonstrated  that the application of  permethrin reduced significantly the number of  nettle caterpillar  throughout all sprayed plants (up to 100% 14 d after treatments.  A significant difference in mean population of the caterpillar were detected between plots sprayed with permethrin (0.05; 0.25; 0.53; and 2.00 larvae/leaves at  concentrations of  250; 200; 100; and 50 ppm respectively and control plant  (5.2 larvae/leaves 3 d after treatments. This  insecticide effects  persisted for at least  14 d after treatments.  On the other hand,  permethrin application in oil palm agroecosystem had adverse effects on main pollinator (E. kamerunicus.  The number of weevil pollinators on sprayed plants (12.5; 59.3; 77.5; and 209.5 weevil/male flower at  concentrations of 50; 100; 200; and 250 ppm respectively were significantly fewer compared to the control plants (976.0  weevil/male flower.  The results indicate that, despite high efficacy of permethrin in reducing number of insect pests  of oil palm (Thosea sp., its application also cause a severe impact on  important insect pollinators  (E. kamerunicus.

  16. Dampak Aplikasi Insektisida Permetrin terhadap Serangga Hama (Thosea SP.) dan Serangga Penyerbuk (Elaeidobius Kamerunicus) dalam Agroekosistem Kelapa Sawit

    F.X. Susilo1, dan Nurafiah Karmike, Rosma Hasibuan, I Gede Swibawa, Agus M. Hariri, Sudi Pramono

    2002-01-01

    Impact of Permethrin-Insecticide Application on Insect Pest (Thosea sp.) and Insect Pollinators (Elaeidobius Kamerunicus) in Oil Palm Agroecosystem. Insecticide efficacy studies are usually determined from the target insect (pest) data without regard to the effect of that treatment on the non-target insects (such as pollinators). This study examined the effect of permethrin (one of widely used insecticides for agriculture) on defoliating insect pest (nettle caterpillar, Thosea sp.) and...

  17. PENDIDIKAN DAN PELATIHAN PENGENDALIAN KUTU LONCAT JERUK (Diaphorina citri Kuwayama SEBAGAI HAMA DAN VEKTOR PENYAKIT CVPD DI DESA TARO, GIANYAR

    Wijaya I N.

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Training on jumping plantlice of citrus (Diaphorina citri Kuw the vector of CVPD (Citrus Vein Phloem Degeneration has been held at Taro village, Gianyar regency on 30st July 2012. The activities aimed to know bioecology of D. citri, the vector of CVPD. The training was attended by 32 participants from local farmer groups of Taro village. The method used in activities were lectures, demontration and practical in the citrus field. All participants participited anthusiastically and hope the have the next intensive traning of the citrus culture.

  18. Penggunaan silase pakan lengkap berbasis batang tebu terhadap konsumsi, retensi N, estimasi síntesis protein mikroba rumen dan performans sapi PFH jantan

    Artharini Irsyammawati

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of the research was to know the effect of silage complete feed based on sugarcane stalk to N retention, estimated microbial protein synthesis and performance of PFH steer and to find out an ideal proportion of sugarcane stalk on silage complete feed which gave the best performance of steer in economically prices. Nine of male PFH steer age 10 – 11 months were used in randomized block design (3x3 with initial body weight as covariance on total collection method. The treatment were the proportion of sugarcane stalk and concentrate on silage complete feed which made iso N/CP on 13% crude protein (SPL1 : sugarcane stalk : concentrate = 60 : 40, added with urea 1.23 % ; SPL2 : sugarcane stalk : concentrate = 50 : 50, added with urea 0.62 %; and SPL3 : sugarcane stalk : concentrate = 40 : 60, without urea. Parameters of the research were intake, N retention, estimated microbial protein synthesis and daily weight gain. The result showed that SPL1, SPL2, SPL3 have not significant effect (P>0.05 to intake, N retention, estimated microbial protein synthesis and daily weight gain but have significant effect (P<0.05 to organic matter digestibility (OMD, and crude protein digestibility (CPD. Overall, SPL3 tends give a better effect than the other feed treatment. SPL1 was an ideal treatment for PFH steer because more economically from the price and gave performance quite similar with other treatment. Economically value of SPL1 would be higher when the price of sugarcane was less than Rp. 200.00/kg. It could be suggested to consider the particle size of SPL, ensilage process and storage method for the best result of SPL. Keywords: sugarcane stalk, silage complete feed (SPL, intake, N retention

  19. Identifikasi Dan Uji Antagonisme Jamur Endofit Tanaman Tebu (Saccharum Officinarum L.) Terhadap Perkembangan Xanthomonas Albilineans L. Dengan Metode Sterilisasi Autoklaf Dan Membran Filter

    Wahyuni, Siti Hardianti

    2016-01-01

    This research was conducted in a Laboratory of Agricuture Faculty and greenhouse of Agricuture Faculty, North Sumatra University, Medan, from April until December 2014. The research used completely randomized design with three factors and three replications. The first factor were endophytic fungi 1, endophytic fungi 2, endophytic fungi 3, endophytic fungi 4, endophytic fungi 5, endophytic fungi 6, endophytic fungi 7, and endophytic fungi 8. The second factor were dilution 10-1, 10-2, 10-3 da...

  20. ISOLASI, KARAKTERISASI, DAN IDENTIFIKASI MIKOFLORA DARI RIZOSFER TANAH PERTANIAN TEBU (SACCHARUM OFFICINARUM L. SEBAGAI BAHAN AJAR KINGDOM FUNGI UNTUK SISWA KELAS X SMA

    Yesy Maulina Nadhifah

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Agricultural area, particularly in the rhizosfer area there are various species of mold which lives mainly in the soil. The students have known molds which live in nature but they have not recognized mold which lives in the soil. It is required to develop a teaching material in the form of module which is created based on a research result. The results of this study were; (1 it has been discovered 7 species of mold, which are Trichoderma harzianum, Penicillium nalgiovense, Penicillium corylophilum, Penicillium funiculosum, Penicillium camemberti, Aspergillus ochraceus, dan Penicillium citrinum, (2 the most dominant mold species was Trichoderma harzianum with the total number 1,8 x 104 cfu for every gram soil sample, and (3 there has been arranged of the learning module about fungi kingdom for students in high school level. Tanah pertanian, khususnya di daerah rizosfer, merupakan habitat dari berbagai spesies kapang yang hidup di dalamnya. Para siswa telah mengenal kapang yang tumbuh di alam tetapi mereka belum mengenal kapang yang hidup di dalam tanah pertanian. Perlu dikembangkan sebuah bahan ajar berupa modul yang dibuat berdasarkan hasil penelitian. Hasil penelitian ini, meliputi (1 ditemukan 7 spesies kapang, yaitu Trichoderma harzianum, Penicillium nalgiovense, Penicillium corylophilum, Penicillium funiculosum, Penicillium camemberti, Aspergillus ochraceus, dan Penicillium citrinum, (2 spesies kapang yang paling dominan adalah Trichoderma harzianum dengan total jumlah 1,8 x 104 cfu/g sampel tanah, dan (3 telah tersusun bahan ajar Biologi berupa modul Kingdom Fungi para siswa SMA.

  1. ANALISIS PROSES PEMBELAJARAN DALAM KONSEP PEMBERDAYAAN KELOMPOK TANI

    Dani Ari Setiawan

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research is analyzing the role of agricultural extension Hall (BPP, analyze the process stages of the occurrence of agricultural learning, and analyze agricultural learning model on a group of farmers. This qualitative research methods are case studies. Data collection techniques: interviews, observation and study of the document. The result is that (1 the existence of the role of agricultural extension officers as education, dissemination of information/innovation facilitators, consultants, supervision, monitors and evaluators, (2 the learning process starts from his protégé participant fedback or, the lesson process, then the output or outputs of learning outcomes to farmers, and (3 learning Models include (a Airy School Integrated pest control (SLPHT; (b Pilot planting padi cultivation; (c guidance techniques; d exercises and visits; (e planting synchronously. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menganalisis peran Balai Penyuluhan Pertanian (BPP, menganalisis proses tahapan terjadinya pembelajaran pertanian, dan menganalisis model pembelajaran pertanian pada kelompok tani. Metode penelitian ini berupa kualitatif studi kasus. Teknik pengumpulan data, meliputi wawancara, observasi, dan studi dokumen. Hasilnya bahwa (1 adanya peran penyuluh pertanian sebagai edukasi, diseminasi informasi/inovasi fasilitator, konsultan, supervisi, pemantau dan evaluator, (2 proses Pembelajaran dimulai dari masukan atau peserta didiknya, proses pembelajarannya, kemudian keluaran dari hasil pembelajaran kepada petani, dan (3 model pembelajaran, meliputi (a Sekolah Lapang Pengendalian Hama Terpadu (SLPHT; (b percontohan budidaya tanam padi; (c bimbingan teknik; (d Latihan dan Kunjungan (LAKU; (e tanam serempak.

  2. Analisis Ekuitas Merek (Brand Equity) Melalui Komunikasi Pemasaran Terpadu (Integrated Marketing Communications - Imc) Pada PT. Nasmoco Majapahit Semarang

    Widyaningrum, Santy Tri

    2012-01-01

    This research is aimed to explain the importance of marketing communication, to identify means of communication that can be used by a company to communicate with its customers, and to describe the policy and effectivity of a company in marketing communication. Interview with snowball sampling technique was used to collect data. The object of this research is PT. Nasmoco Majapahit as an authorized dealer of Toyota. The research proves the importance of marketing communication to maintain good ...

  3. PREVALENSI CACING PADA MURID SEKOLAH DASAR WAJIB BELAJAR PELAYANAN GERAKAN TERPADU PENGENTASAN KEMISKINAN DAERAH KUMUH DI WILAYAH DKI JAKARTA

    Mardiana Mardiana

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Helminthiasis Prevalence Among Compulsory Learning of Public School Children In The Slum Areas of Poverty Elimination Integrated Program in Jakarta Province.Helminthiasis study among compulsory learning of public school children poverty elimination (SD-WGT-Taskin integrated movement in the slum areas was conducted. An activities werw perfonned inNorth Jakarta and East Jakarta townships in 2003. There are seven SD-WGT-Taskin in North Jakartatownship and three in East Jakarta township. There were two SD-WGT-Taskin that randomly selected from each township. All student in the SD-WGT-Taskin are the school age children that strayed as the beggar, waste pickes from the poverty families in the slum areas. These children were collected and toughtin the governmental public school building during after noon. In order to determine the helminthiasis prevalence, the stool specimen were collected from the students, floated by MgSo4 and examined under microscope. It was found that 50 (49,02% out at 102 stool specimen from Nort Jakarta were found positive of helminth eggs, of 12 (9,80% out 128 stool specimen from East Jakarta were found positive of helminth eggs. It was found also that 40 (80,00% out of 50 positive helminth eggs from Nort Jakarta were A.lumbricoides eggs, 10 (20,00% were positive of T. trichiura while for Ancylostoma sp. Egg was found negative. Of 13 (68,42% out 19 specimen from South Jakarta were found positive of A. lombricoides egg,6 (31,82% specimen were T. trichiura eggs while ancylostoma sp eggs was found negative. Of 62(74,70% out 83 specimen from West Jakarta were found positive of A. lombricoides egg, 21(25,30% specimen were T. trichiura eggs while ancylostoma sp eggs was found negative. Of 7 (58,33% out 12 specimen from East Jakarta were found positive of A. lombricoides egg, 5 (41 ,67% specimen were T.trichiura eggs while ancylostoma sp eggs was found negative. It is concluded that helminthiasis among the student who study in SD-WGT-Taskin in Nort Jakarta and west Jakarta were found high prevalence. Regarding of the World Health Organization (WHO recommendation should be treated with blanket method to all student of SD-WGT-Taskin, instead of selected method.Keywords: Visceral Helminth, Prevalence, SD-WGT-Taskin

  4. Evaluasi Proses Perizinan Pelayanan Terpadu Satu Pintu (Ptsp) dalam Rangka Perwujudan Good Governance (Studi Penelitian : Upt Ptsp Provinsi Jawa Tengah)

    krisilvana, agnes anindita; Teguh yuwono; herawati, Nunik Retno

    2017-01-01

    In the current era of reform the system of government based on absolute good governance to be applied, especially in the implementation of public services. The implementation of public services no longer aims only to meet statutory or considers administrative matters alone, but about government accountability and promote community. Implementation of good governance should be applied at the One Stop Services (OSS) which is where the licensing services ranging from application stage to the stag...

  5. Pengembangan Sistem Pertanian Siklus-Bio Terpadu untuk Peningkatan Produktivitas Ternak Sapi pada Kelompok Ternak Desa Margoagung, Sayegan, Sleman, Yogyakarta

    Cahyono Agus Dwikoranto

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Integrated Bio-Cycle Farming System was developed by KP4 University Farm UGM Yogyakarta should be implemented to the communities. The community service for implementation of science and technology starting with an MOU between KP4 and the government of Margoagung village, especially Farmer Group RUKUN, Margoagung, Seyegan, Sleman that requiring transferred technology. Community service programs and assistance through the transfer of integrated bio-cycle farming system were done through development of burgers feed technology for cows, solid fertilizer, liquid fertilizer, and waste treatment technology for biogas. This activity also involves 22 students from various faculties at UGM for 2 months in the field. The technology is transferred directly by experts from GMU and directly accompanied intensively by student. Enthusiastic, productivity, quantity, quality and continuity of integrated farming were very important for a better life and environment.

  6. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL KEMITRAAN DAN PEMASARAN TERPADU BIOFARMAKA DALAM RANGKA PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT SEKITAR HUTAN DI KABUPATEN SUKABUMI, PROVINSI JAWA BARAT

    Leti Sundawati

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Most of the community surrounding forest areas in Sukabumi District are poor farmers. They traditionally cultivate medicinal plants. However, quality of the products is not standardized, and hence, low price. Therefore, it is needed to strengthen and empower the farmer capacity, by developing an integrated marketing model for medicinal plants and by enhancing the competitiveness of the farmer group institution so that they can build a partnership with industry. This activity involved farmers at Mekarjaya Village, Ciemas Subdistrict who are member of Srijaya Farmer Groups Association. Survey, in-depth interview, and focus group discussion were conducted to get data on the existing condition. Farmer institution strengthening was conducted through trainings for farmers on entrepreneurship, medicinal plant cultivation and processing, facilitation of farmer group institution, and establishment of demonstration plots of medicinal plant cultivation. Agribusiness networking and partnership was built through the memorandum of understanding on marketing between Sri Jaya with two biopharmaca companies.

  7. UPAYA KOMUNIKASI PEMASARAN INTERAKTIF PADA KLINIK SPESIALIS TERPADU RUMAH SAKIT GIGI DAN MULUT (RSGM FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN GIGI UNAIR SURABAYA

    Made Asri Budisuari

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Integrated Marketing Communications (IMC constitute of internal marketing, interactive and external communications. This research only addresses Interactive marketing communications. The specialized Dental Clinic (Integrated VIP Specialist has been under utilized. The problem exists presumably due to lack of interactive communications. The objective of this research is to formulate an IMC improvement effort for the Specialized Dental Clinic.This was an observational study conducted at the Specialized Dental Clinic from February up to Desember 2003. Observed variables were patient and organization of the clinic. Customers who visited the Specialized Dental Clinic were observed from the initial services the exit interview using questionnaire was collected by researche. The respondens were providers and customers (patientsThe result showed that the variable of customer service center and servicescapes were not well organized while personal selling relatively good.It is suggested that market survey should be done by the Specialized Dental Clinic, to actuate interactive marketing communication and to establish the utilization targets.

  8. Perencanaan Sistem Pengelolaan Sampah Terpadu Berbasis Masyarakat (Studi Kasus: Rw 01, Kelurahan Sumurboto, Kecamatan Banyumanik, Kota Semarang)

    Utami, Dalliani; Siwi Handayani, Dwi; Syafrudin, Syafrudin

    2015-01-01

    [Community-Based Integrated Solid Waste Management Planning (Case Study: RW 01 Kelurahan Sumurboto, Kecamatan Banyumanik Kota Semarang)]Solid waste is form of a waste that had to be well-managed in order to prevented it from endanger the environment and also to protected public investment. According to observation in Kelurahan Sumurboto, the solid waste management still hasn't met the requirement of Perda Kota Semarang Nomor 6 Tahun 2012 about solid waste management which was unmanaged waste...

  9. Perencanaan Sistem Pengelolaan Sampah Terpadu Berbasis Masyarakat (Studi Kasus: Rw 03 Kelurahan Sumurboto Kecamatan Banyumanik Kota Semarang)

    Rachmaningtyas, Syahnaz; Syafrudin, Syafrudin; Siwi Handayani, Dwi

    2015-01-01

    [Integrated Community-Based Solid Waste Management Planning (Case Study: RW 03 Kelurahan Sumurboto Kecamatan Banyumanik)] Integrated community-based solid waste management consisted by preliminary stage and solid waste management planing stage. Preparation stage begun with community preparing by issue emergence, survey, introduction to community, comparative study to KSM Sampangan, and commenced community forum. Planning stage consisted management planing, implementation planning, and post-im...

  10. Dinamika Penyesuaian Diri Penyandang Disabilitas di Tempat Magang Kerja: Studi Deskriptif di Balai Rehabilitasi Terpadu Penyandang Disabilitas (BRTPD Yogyakarta

    Ani Nur Sayyidah

    2015-06-01

    Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan proses pelaksanaan magang kerja selama 25 hari dengan tahapan pelaksanaan bimbingan vokasional, orientasi dan konsultasi, penempatan klien di tempat magang kerja, pelaksanaan bimbingan kerja, penarikan klien dari tempat magang, evaluasi dan monitoring. Penyandang disabilitas rungu wicara ditempatkan di perusahaan yang bergerak dibidang distributor alat-alat rumah tangga, penyandang disabilitas netra ditempatkan di panti pijat dan penyandang disabilitas daksa ditempatkan di perusahaan yang bergerak dibidang percetakan dan sablon. Dinamika penyesuaian diri dari ketiga informan tersebut yang memiliki penyesuaian yang lebih sehat yaitu penyandang disabilitas rungu wicara karena mampu memenuhi 3 dari 4 aspek dalam penyesuaian diri yang sehat. Aspek yang terpenuhi yaitu aspek kematangan sosial, aspek kematangan intelektual, aspek kematangan tanggung jawab personal dan aspek yang kurang dapat terpenuhi yaitu aspek kematangan emosional. Penyandang disabilitas netramampu memenuhi 2 aspek penyesuaian diri dan 2 aspek kurang dapat terpenuhi. Aspek yang terpenuhi yaitu aspek kematangan sosial dan aspek kematangan tanggung jawab personal, aspek yang kurang dapat terpenuhi yaitu aspek kematangan emosional dan intelektual. Sedangkan penyandang disabilitas daksa terdapat tiga aspek yang kurang dapat terpenuhi yaitu aspek kematangan emosional, sosial dan tanggung jawab personal, hanya 1 aspek yang terpenuhi yaitu aspek kematangan intelektual

  11. IMPLEMENTASI PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER DALAM PROSES PEMBELAJARAN DI SEKOLAH DASAR ISLAM TERPADU AL-MADINAH KEBUMEN TAHUN 2014

    Akhmat Yunus

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The emergence of the phenomenon of moral degradation in 2010 among the general public as well as in education begin much talked about character education. Many media and education experts, and community leaders recommended that character education is effective immediately. The basic reason for the character education used as the basis for forming a national development vision is to realize public morals, moral, ethical, cultural, and based on the philosophy of Pancasila. This study aims to explain the implementation of character education in the learning process in SDIT Al-Madinah Kebumen and identify constraints implementation of character education in learning, and provide solutions that done to solve the problems. This study included field research in the SDIT Al-Madinan Kebumen in 2013. The subject of research from the Principal and Elementary School Teacher in SDIT Al-Madinah Kebumen. Data collected through observation, interviews, and documentation. Data analysis performed in this study is an interactive model of data analysis techniques with encounters between data collection, data reduction, data presentation and verification of data. The research concludes that the implementation of character SDIT Al-Madinah Kebumen in the learning process has the advantage of adding the value of faith and the character-based monotheism conducted through three stages: (1 Phase formulation character which teachers formulate a list of 18 characters in SDIT Al - Madina Kebumen and distribution character, (2 Phase understanding of the character, namely schools and KKG organizes workshops that discuss the character that has been agreed on the list of characters and character distribution, (3 The planning stage of implementation of character education. Constraints Implementation of Character Education in Learning SDIT Al-Madinah Kebumen 2014 is the sequence of learning much so reducing in the implementation of character education, a lack of understanding of teachers to the formulation of the foundation of monotheism theme, the lack of cooperation between teachers and pupils, differences in parenting between home and schools, and the lack of support the behavior of people living environment of students. Solutions are formulated is the development of a maximum of two characters in each lesson, designing learning activities fun and appreciation for pupils, schools conduct coordination meetings, evaluation, and training for teachers, schools carry out the forum event class and memorandum communication relating to equalization understanding of the program, school organize parent training programs are more effective, in organizing the school community education programs, such as training stages of child development and the principle of caring. Keywords: implementation; character education; leaning.

  12. EFEKTIFITAS PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER PADA SEKOLAH ANAK USIA DINI: Studi PadaTK Islam Terpadu Al-Qalam Kendari

    La Hadisi

    2016-11-01

    Abstrak Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui perencanan, implementasi dan penilaian  pendidikan berbasis karakter pada anak usia dini. Dari penelitian ini dapat diketahui bahwa Perencanaan pendidikan berbasis karakter dapat dilakukan melalui; program tahunan (PROTA, Program semester (PROSEM, pembuatan rencana kegiatan mingguan (RKM dan rencana kegiatan harian (RKH. Untuk implementasi Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini berbasis karakter, dalam proses pembelajaran dilaksanakan dalam tiga tahap yaitu kegiatan awal, kegiatan inti/kegiatan main dan kegiatan akhir. Selain dalam kegiatan pembelajaran, pendidikan berbasis karakter juga diimplementasikan dalam kegiatan tambahan yaitu kunjungan pendidikan dan kegiatan porseni (ekstrakulikuler. Penilaian pendidikan berbasis karakter inimengikuti penilaian pada proses pembelajaran yang dilakukan melalui empat tahap, yaitu penilaian harian, penilaian bulanan, penilaian semester dan penilaian tahunan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pendidikan karakter yang diterima anak di sekolah cenderung memberikan dampak perubahan perilaku anak di rumah. Kata kunci : pendidikan berbasis karakter, anak usia dini, pendekatan kualitatif.

  13. PROSES PRODUKSI BIOETANOL DARI LIMBAH CAIR GULA DALAM KAITANNYA DENGAN POTENSI SEBAGAI BAHAN BAKAR DALAM PERSPEKTIF LIFE CYCLE INVENTORY ASSESSMENT

    Agusta Samodra Putra

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Life cycle inventory assessment merupakan salah satu tahapan di dalam Life Cycle Assessment (LCA yang bisa digunakan untuk menggambarkan interaksi materi dan energi di dalam suatu proses produksi bioetanol. Studi kasus dilakukan di pabrik gula kawasan Subang dan pabrik bioetanol di kawasan Palimanan yang merupakan pabrik gula dan bioetanol terbesar di Jawa Barat. Inventory yang dilakukan adalah pada bagian perkebunan tebu, pabrikasi tebu menjadi gula, transportasi dari pabrik gula menuju ke pabrik bioetanol, dan pabrikasi etanol. Luas lahan kebun tebu yang dimiliki oleh pabrik gula di Subang adalah seluas 5000 hektar. Dari bahan baku tebu 3000 ton/hari dihasilkan molase sebanyak 60 ton/hari, sisanya menjadi gula dan ampas tebu. Pada inventory kali ini selain dari sisi proses juga dilakukan inventory pada sisi transportasi.

  14. DAMPAK APLIKASI INSEKTISIDA PERMETRIN TERHADAP HAMA PENGISAP BIJAIJ HELOPELTIS SPP. (HEMIPTERA: MIRIDAE DAN ARTROPODA NON-TARGET PADA PERTANAMAN KAKAO (THEOBROMA CACAO L.

    Rosma Hasibuan

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Impact of Permethrin-Insecticide Application on Mirid Pest of Cocoa Helopeltis spp. (Hemiptera: Miridae and on Non-target  Arthropods in Cocoa Plantations (Theobroma cacao L.. Cocoa mirid bugs, Helopeltis spp., (Hemiptera: Miridae are the most important pest of cocoa in Indonesia. A field study was conducted to investigate the effect of permethrin on cocoa mirids and non-target arthropods at a cocoa plantation in specific place. A randomized complete block design was used in which each of four blocks consisted of 5 treatments (4 concentrations of permethrin; 50; 100; 200; and 250 ppm and control. The results indicated that the application of permethrin significantly increased the cocoa mirids mortaliiy throughout all sprayed cocoa trees (up to 100% 72 h after application. Even at 1 h after application, the percentage of Cocoa mirids mortality 29.2% - 53.9% on cocoa trees sprayed with permethrin at concentrations of 50 - 250 ppm was significantly higher than that on control plant (3.6%. At 72 h after treatments, application of permethrin at concentrations of 200 and 250 ppm caused a complete kill (mortalty of 100% in the test mirids. Meanwhile, ground cloths caught at least 22 fanilies of abore-ground arthropods that were found killed by permethrin applications. Moreover, the number of non-target arthropods killed by permethrin at concentrations of 100 - 250 ppm (27.3 - 85.3 individuals/ground cloth were signifcantly higher than that on control trees. These results demonstrated that despite high efficacy of permethrin in controlling of cocoa mirids (Hetopeltis spp., its application also had adverse effects on non-target arthropods incocoa plantations.

  15. Faktor-faktor yang Berkaitan dengan Kejadian Keracunan Pestisida Pada Tenaga Kerja Teknis Pestisida Perusahaan Pemberantasan Hama (Pest Control di Kota Semarang Tahun 2002

    Titiek Praptini

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACK Background : Pesticide plays an important role in controlling disease vector in the area of pest control. The use of pesticide is increasing and so does the number of pest controlcompanies, which is accompanied by an increase in the number of pesticide technical workers. Based on the data of Health Service of Province of Central Java, it is found that 25% of workers are poisoned with pesticide. The aim of this research is to know the factors related to the event of pesticide poisoning in Pesticide Technical Workers of Pest Control Company in Semarang City in the Year 2002. Methods : The type of this research was confirmatory research. The sample of this research was total population of pesticide technical workers of pest control companies in Semarang City amounted to 86 persons. Variables analyzed were age, tenure, anemia status, nutrient status, knowledge, attitude, and practices of respondents. The data collected by interview, observation, and the measurement of Hb level, nutrient status collected by IMT and cholinesterase activity examination. The data analyzed by using Chi Square with µ = 0.05. Result : Research show that there are 38 (44.2% pesticide technical workers who have already been poisoned with pesticide. The result of statistical analysis with Chi Square show that there is a correlation between anemia status and practice of spraying and the event of pesticide poisoning with p < 0.05. It is hoped that the employers and pesticide technical workers obey the rules and requirements of health on the use of pesticide. Keyword : Pesticide, Poisoning, Workers, Pest Control

  16. Pendugaan Gen Bph1, Bph2, Bph3, Dan Bph4 Pada Galur-galur Padi Terpilih Tahan Hama Wereng Batang Cokelat (Nilaparvata Lugens[Stål])

    Damayanti, Diani; Utami, Dwinita W

    2014-01-01

    Pests are major constraints to increasingrice production and brown planthoppers/BPH (Nilaparvatalugens [Stål]) is one of the major pests of rice plant.Resistance cultivar is one of the strategies for BPHmanagement. The objective of this research was to analyzethe Bph1, bph2, Bph3, and bph4 gene existence on theselected rice lines using the molecular markers. Thephenotype of the rice lines were tested based on theirresponse to BPH population collected from West Java andCental Java. Molecular m...

  17. Dinamika Populasi Hama dan Penyakit Utama Tanaman Jagung Manis (Zea mays saccharata Sturt pada Lahan Basah dengan Sistem Budidaya Konvensional serta Pengaruhnya terhadap Hasil di Denpasar-Bali

    SALBERD FERDINAN RONDO

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Dynamics of Pest Population and Main Diseases of Sweet Corn Plants (Zeamays saccharata Sturt at Wetland with Conventional Cultivation Systemand Their Effect on Yields in Denpasar-Bali. The study was conducted usingsurvey techniques of pests and diseases in paddy fields belonging to farmers in Denpasar-Bali, which consists of three fields. The three areas were Sidakarya, Renon and Kesiman.Plant samples in each land were taken using the sample plot diagonal method, with the areaof diagonal plot in each land was 3 m x 3 m. Plot observations on each of the specified areaof plant samples was done randomly (lottery as much as 25% of the total number of plantsper-plot, then observation was done for population growth of pests and diseases, temperature,humidity and crop yield. The observations was started from 1week old plants after planting(MST to 1 week before harvesting, with intervals of 1 week. Recording the population ofpests and diseases from week to week, the temperature condition and humidity in each areaand the condition of the field ( the existing other plants, mulching. Recorded informationabout conventional cultivation systems applied by each farmer were be explored throughinterview techniques. The data were then analyzed using correlation and regression and weredescriptively explained. The results showed that there were four main types of pests (locusts,seed flies, armyworm and caterpillars cob and three kinds of major diseases (blight, rust anddowny mildew associated with sweet corn. The results also showed that there was nosignificant between the correlation dynamics of pest population and diseases withtemperature and humidity. As for the commercial harvest, significant effect was shown by thediseases that had an impact on the decrease in yield in quantity especially downy mildew andpest impact on the quality of yields, especially caterpillar cob.

  18. Uji Beberapa Konsentrasi Ekstrak Tepung Akar Tuba (Derris Eliptica Benth.) untuk Mengendalikan Hama Ulat Api Setora Nitens Wlk. (Lepidoptera; Limacodidae) pada Tanamankelapa Sawit (Elaeis Guineensis Jacq.)

    ', Wahyudianto; Laoh, Jeltje Hennie; Rustam, Rusli

    2014-01-01

    Nettle caterpillar Setora nitens Walker. is one of the major pests of oil palm plant. The use of synthetic chemical pesticides to control pest has many negative impacts such a pest resistance, pest resurgence and environmental pollution. To reduce the negative impacts cause by synthetic chemical pesticides, then application of the alternative pest control using botanical insecticides such as Derris eliptica Benth. Which is environmentally friendly is needed. This research is aims to test the ...

  19. KAJIAN PEMANFAATAN POTENSI SUMBER DAYA AIR TERPADU ( STUDI KASUS MATA AIR INGAS (COKRO, KEC. COKRO TULUNG KABUPATEN KLATEN – JAWA TENGAH

    Sriyana Sriyana

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Potential exploitation of Ingas (Cokro water resource is currently less than optimal, there are still manywasted water flows and there is still no coordination in planning. The objective of this research is to reviewwater resource potential integratedly, by measuring the spring discharge in real terms, analyzing the utilizationof water source and water balance. The method used in this thesis is by measuring the discharge using currentmeter, analyzing water requirements for plants using Penman method, and analyzing data with the help ofMicrosoft Exel. It is resulted that the total potential of Ingas (Cokro water resource is 1297 l/dt, utilized fordrinking water (PDAM Surakarta at 400 l/dt, drinking water for Cokro Village at 4 l/dt, and the remainder isused for irrigation and moving a turbine with 50 Watt electric power. Water demand for irrigation is 995 l/dt,fullfilled from Ingas (Cokro source discharge at 593 l/dt plus surface water discharge as a result frommeasurment of pulsur river (Plosowareng weir at 696 l/dt, from the total water resource potential of 1289 l/dt.Water balance of Ingas (Cokro water resource has already balanced or optimal, while residual discharge of294 l/dt is obtained at measurement point (Plosowareng weir

  20. Aktivitas Komunikasi Pemasaran Terpadu (IMC Pemerintah Kota Ambon dalam Mengkomunikasikan Brand “Ambon City Of Music” Melalui Kegiatan Tiga Pilar IMC

    Arthur Solsolay

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Ambon city is one of the tourist destinations in the province of Maluku, kept the charm and appeal of natural, historical, religious, culinary, education, art, culture and customs. To develop and trigger the development of musical art in the city of Ambon, Ambon city government felt the need to form a brand that became a brand differentiator and became icons of tourism in Ambon. Brand "Ambon City of Music" was initiated in hopes of becoming a starting point for the development of city Ambon become more competitive through an integrated marketing communications activities in brand communication. Research to describe and analyze the concept of the three pillars of IMC in the steps taken by the Government of Ambon in communicating the brand "Ambon City of Music". other research method used is descriptive qualitative case study approach. R esearchers found that the government has made strategic moves in IMC pillar concept is to approach audiences (government, private sector / stakeholder, elements of the community and the media (elements of the marketing communication mix.

  1. Higiene Dan Sanitasi Pengelolaan Makanan Di Pesantren Modern Unggulan Terpadu Darul Mursyid Dan Pesantren KH. Ahmad dahlan di kabupaten tapanuli selatan tahun 2011

    Aryanti, Lili

    2012-01-01

    Management of food hygiene sanitation in islamic boarding school aims to get the food hygiene and safely consumed, so as to avoid the health problems or disease such as diarrhea, cholera, dysentery basiler, typhoid fever and etc. The purpose of this research is to know about hygiene and sanitation management of food and physical test at Darul Mursyid Islamic Boarding School and Ahmad Dahlan Islamic Boarding School. The used method in this research is descriptive, by seeing the descripti...

  2. IMPLEMENTASI PENGELOLAAN SUMBER DAYA PESISIR BERBASIS PENGELOLAAN WILAYAH PESISIR SECARA TERPADU UNTUK KESEJAHTERAAN NELAYAN (Studi di Perdesaan Nelayan Cangkol Kelurahan Lemahwungkuk Kecamatan Lemahwungkuk Kota Cirebon

    Endang Sutrisno

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Coastal zone management in local area, especially in Cirebon has a deep tendency to be partial, the policies issued are not well-integrated among the sectors. Meanwhile, in the other hand, the im-plementation of policies are not support by the culture of fishing communities which apathetic. It is caused by various factors such as poverty, poor education in the community, less mastery of science and technology, as well as the marketing of fishery products trade system which is dominated by middlemen. This factual circumstance makes them difficult to realize their independence and well-being. The most appropriate solution to overcome this problem is through development of positive and creative legal culture, with the support of integrated coastal zone management policy that is integral-holistic-comprehensive.

  3. IMPLEMENTASI HASIL PAP SMEARS PADA PENGEMBANGAN SURVEILANS TERPADU INFEKSI MENULAR SEKSUAL DI JAWA TIMUR (ANALISIS UNTUK MENGEMBANGKAN SURVEILANS-RESPONS IMS

    Widjiartini Widjiartini

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: The implementation analysis of Pap Smears result to the integrated Surveillance development of sexual infection in order to respond the IMS and HIV/AIDS cases which increased especially among the housewife and its aim to the implementation Pap Smears result. Results: The Analysis result: 1. Based on the Pap Smears analysis result when its managed properly might be benefited the information not merely detected service cancer which is tend to increase but its also detected fungal infection and 5 types of IMS data: Haemavilus Vaginalis (HV, Gonococoes (Cocen, Trichomonas Vaginalis (TV, Herpes and Virus Papiloma Humanus (HPV which is Cocen and TV tend to increase every years. This data might be used for Surveillance Respond of Pap Smears intended to the productive housewife who is representing susceptible age group against sexual infection and HIV/AIDS. 2. The integrated Surveillance activity of HIV and sexual infection along with eight steps of respond Pap Smears, the structure is matching up with Surveillance of WHO respond and the system and mechanism base on decision of Minister of Health number 1116/2003 to instruct the formation of Surveillance technical implementation and the formation Surveillance technical implementation and the formation Surveillance networking among those units. 3. Developing the integrated Surveillance of sexual infection and HIV/AIDS through the uphold unit Pap Smears is required the determination of basis function, the Surveillance uphold unit, the Respond Surveillance uphold and function, formulation of Protap and Instruction, Training, Monitoring and Evaluation Surveillance System, Communication, Procurement of Coordination and Resources. Exceptional the above mentioned it is necessary pay attention as well as Surveillance structure and quality. Suggestion: 1. Improving the Surveillance Respond System by improving the users of culture information and data for making a decision the unit of Pap Smears entirely levels of administrative at Central or Regional. 2. Developing the production of Health Information System that is able to convert data into information Pap Smears to facilitate analysis and interpretation of data. 3. Developing Data Centers, Surveillance and Health Information in accordance with decision of Minister of Health number 116/2003 and filling those units with functional staff epidemiologists and health information experts. Key words: Pap Smears, Surveillance Respond, Sexual Infection-housewife

  4. Pertanian Organik Terpadu di Desa Wukirsari, Sleman, Yogyakarta Sebagai Usaha Pemulihan Kesuburan Lahan Terimbas Erupsi Merapi 2010 dan Pencapaian Desa Mandiri Sejahtera

    Dwi Umi Siswanti

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Community service activities at Wukirsari village was preceded by many concerns land damaged by the eruption of Merapi 2010. Researchers encourage Wukirsari people to self-sufficient in the provision of liquid organic fertilizer and manure plus. It is intended to restore the soil nutrient that improves soil structure. The target of this activity were increasing the agricultural productivity, cost efficiency of production, improvement of agricultural cultivation, encouraging self-sufficiency of liquid organic fertilizer and manure plus and the establishment of agricultural enterprises. The conclusion of these program are the liquid organic fertilizer producted by Wukirsari farmer response positively to the growth and productivity of rice plants. The barriers of this program was delayed of the establishment of business entities will be overcome with the implementation of the third period (2015 of the community service program which cooperate with the Student Community Service Program (KKN PPM UGM.

  5. Kefektifan Pemberlakuan Surat Ijin Usaha Perdagangan (Siup) Bagi Pemberdayaan Usaha Kecil (Studi Kasus pada Badan Pelayanan Perijinan Terpadu Kota Malang dan Sentra Usaha Kecil Keripik Tempe Sanan)

    Setyaningrum, Anis

    2013-01-01

    : The small business sector holds a very important role. Because of this, in this era of globalization requires the existence of small business licenses particularly in trade given the still many forms of business which does not have a Trade business license. By having a business license and business activities that are not preoccupied with issues of curbing or demolition. The benefits derived from the ownership of the business license as a means of legal protection. The researcher is lookin...

  6. PENDIDIKAN DAN PELATIHAN PENGENDALIAN TERPADU PENYAKIT CVPD (CITRUS VEIN PHLOEM DEGENERATION PADA PERTANAMAN JERUK DI DESA PELAGA, KECAMATAN PETANG, KABUPATEN BADUNG

    WAYAN ADIARTAYASA

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Education and training on integrated pest management (IPM of CVPD (Citrus Vein Phloem Degeneration was held at Pelaga village, Badung regency on 22 September 2005. The activities aimed to improve knowledge of the farmers about CVPD and factors influencing the intensity, insect vector and integrated pest management of CVPD. The topics convered were disease symptons, and pathogen bacteria, Diaphorina citri are as vector insect infection mechanism, disease distribubution and integrated management of CVPD. The training was attended by 26 participants from local groups of Pelaga village. The method used in activities were lectures, demonstration and practical work in the citrus field. All participants enthusiastically took part and hoped to have the next intensive traning of citrus culture.

  7. Pre-Eminent Curriculum in Islamic Basic School Integrated Comparative Studies in Islamic Basic School Integrated Al-Izzah Serang and Al-Hanif Cilegon, Banten, Indonesia

    Fauz, Anis; Hasbullah

    2016-01-01

    Compare to General SD (Primary school), the superiority of SD Islam Terpadu (Integrated Islamic Primary School) lies on the development of the curriculum and learning that is more emphasize on integrated curriculum and integrated learning. Curriculum model applied in Sekolah Dasar Islam Terpadu (SDIT) is integrated curriculum. This curriculum is…

  8. Juudi sõduri aitas vabadusse sakslaste "härra Hezbollah" / Kadri Veermäe

    Veermäe, Kadri

    2011-01-01

    Iisrael sõlmis Gaza sektorit kontrolliva rühmitusega Hamas leppe, mille raames Iisrael vabastab 1000 Palestiina vangi kui Hamas vabastab 2006. aastal Gaza mässuliste poolt vangistatud Gilad Shaliti. Noore miinipilduri pikaajaline vangistus

  9. Pengantar Redaksi

    Redaksi Jurnal Udayana Mengabdi

    2014-08-01

    tanaman telah banyak dilakukan melalui sistem pengendalian hama terpadu (PHT yang penerapannya didasari oleh pendekatan ekologi. PHT adalah tindakan pengelolaan hama yang mempertimbangkan secara seksama beberapa teknik pengendalian yang tersedia, sehingga dapat mengendalikan populasi hama pada tingkat yang tidak merugikan dan mengurangi resiko terhadap kesehatan manusia dan lingkungan. Tanaman jeruk di Desa Taro Gianyar akhir-akhir ini banyak yang terserang hama yang berdampak pada kerugian ekonomi yang tidak sedikit. Permasalahannya adalah 1 Apakah petani jeruk di Dusun Sengkaduan, Desa Taro sudah mengetahui seranggga D. citri sebagai hama dan sebagai vektor penyakit CVPD. 2 Apakah petani jeruk di Dusun Sengkaduan Desa Taro gejala serangan penyakit dan faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi perkembangan penyakit CVPD. 3 Apakah petani jeruk di Dusun Sengkaduan, Desa Taro sudah mengetahui pengendalian D. citri dan penyakit CVPD. Permasalahan di atas di pecahkan oleh N. Wijaya, dkk, dari Program Studi Agroekoteknologi Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Udayana. Hasil selengkapnya disajikan pada nomor ini.Para pembaca yang budiman, adanya persyaratan dari Dikti untuk mempublikasikan hasil pengabdian dalam jurnal sejatinya bagi kami pengelola JUM sangat diuntungkan. Kami akhirnya mendapat naskah yang bagus dari berbagai perguruan tinggi di Indonesia. Ini penting supaya JUM tidak hanya diisi oleh penulis internal, tapi juga eksternal. Ayo teman-teman yang lain, kami tunggu naskahnya.

  10. PENANGANAN DAN PENYELESAIAN KONFLIK PADA RESTRUKTURISASI KANTOR PELAYANAN TERPADU SERTA IMPLIKASINYA TERHADAP KETAHANAN EKONOMI WILAYAH (Studi Tentang Pelayanan Perizinan Pada Badan Penanaman Modal Dan Pelayanan Perizinan Kabupaten Pacitan, Jawa Timur

    Purwoko Juli Sasmito

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Modal Investment and Permitting Service Institution Institution’s (BPM and PP at Pacitan Regency restructure had affected the organization structure, duty and authority, services’ type and the amoun of the staff. The Integrated Service Office at the Pacitan Regency BPM and PP restructure’s conflict consisted of two parts, namely the conflict of BPM and PP with other institution and the internal conflict of Pacitan Regency BPM and PP. The purpose of this research was to discovered the integrated service office restructure’s conflict management and resolution and its implication on regional economic resilience. This research was conducted with in depth interview, field survey, and questionnaire method. The collected data were analyzed. The Pacitan Regency BPPM and PP conflict was at the normal level, therefore it could be well managed and able to developed into positive conflict. The threat over regional economic resilience is open conflict potential. Keywords: Conflict, Restructuration, Economic Resilience of Region

  11. Networks, Netwar, and Information-Age Terrorism

    1999-01-01

    intermediate nodes. • The star, hub, or wheel network, as in a franchise or a cartel structure where a set of actors is tied to a central node or actor...Aviv and Jerusalem. On March 21, a Hamas satchel bomb exploded at a Tel Aviv cafe , killing three persons and injuring 48; on July 30, two Hamas

  12. Integrating Islamist Militants into the Political Process : Palestinian ...

    Integrating Islamist Militants into the Political Process : Palestinian Hamas. The striking victory of Hamas in the elections of January 2006 raises questions about the integration of Islamists into the Palestinian political system. This project, which is part of a larger program of research on the role of political parties in the Middle ...

  13. DETERMINATION OF ETHANOL CONTENT FROM ENZYMATIC FERMENTATION

    Hermansyah

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Pengembangan sumber energi terbarukan bioetanol membutuhkan metode analisis produk bioetanol secara cepat dan akurat. Pada penelitian ini akan dilakukan pengukuran etanol produksi fermentasi hidrolisat dari tandan kosong kelapa sawit (TKKS, ampas tebu, dan jerami padi. Reaksi didasarkan pada reaksi enzimatis. Etanol dioksidasi oleh nikotinamida-adenin dinukleotida (NAD+ menjadi asetaldehid dalam keberadaan enzim alkohol dehidrogenase (ADH, dan asetaldehid secara kuantitatif dioksidasi menjadi asam asetat dengan keberadaan aldehid dehidrogenase (Al-DH. NADH yang terbentuk ditentukan absorbansinya dengan spektrofotometer 334 nm, 340 nm, atau 365 nm. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa fermentasi yang dlakukan selama dua hari sudah menghasilkan etanol dengan kadar masing-masing 0,1368% (v/v; 0,1317% (v/v; dan 0,1149% (v/v dari hidrolisat TKKS, jerami padi, dan ampas tebu.

  14. Measuring anxiety in depressed patients: A comparison of the Hamilton anxiety rating scale and the DSM-5 Anxious Distress Specifier Interview.

    Zimmerman, Mark; Martin, Jacob; Clark, Heather; McGonigal, Patrick; Harris, Lauren; Holst, Carolina Guzman

    2017-10-01

    DSM-5 included criteria for an anxious distress specifier for major depressive disorder (MDD). In the present report from the Rhode Island Methods to Improve Diagnostic Assessment and Services (MIDAS) project we examined whether a measure of the specifier, the DSM-5 Anxious Distress Specifier Interview (DADSI), was as valid as the Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) as a measure of the severity of anxiety in depressed patients. Two hundred three psychiatric patients with MDD were interviewed by trained diagnostic raters who administered the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID) supplemented with questions to rate the DADSI, HAMA, and Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD). The patients completed self-report measures of depression, anxiety, and irritability. Sensitivity to change was examined in 30 patients. The DADSI and HAMA were significantly correlated (r = 0.60, p anxiety than with measures of the other symptom domains. The HAMD was significantly more highly correlated with the HAMA than with the DADSI. For each anxiety disorder, patients with the disorder scored significantly higher on both the DADSI and HAMA than did patients with no current anxiety disorder. A large effect size of treatment was found for both measures (DADSI: d = 1.48; HAMA: d = 1.37). Both the DADSI and HAMA were valid measures of anxiety severity in depressed patients, though the HAMA was more highly confounded with measures of depression than the DADSI. The DADSI is briefer than the HAMA, and may be more feasible to use in clinical practice. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. Shaping Jihadism: How Syria Molded the Muslim Brotherhood

    Krummrich, Seth

    2007-01-01

    In February 1982, Syrian President Assad's military and security forces surrounded, assaulted, and leveled the fourth largest city in Syria, Hama, killing between 5,000-25,000 Syrians in less than three weeks...

  16. Iisraeli valitsus haub sõjakäiku Gazasse / Igor Taro

    Taro, Igor

    2007-01-01

    Iisraeli võimude plaanist lõpetada radikaalse islamiliikumise Hamas omavoli Gaza sektoris. Palestiina autonoomia uueks peaministriks nimetati Salam Fayyad. Vt. samas: Röövitud reporteril lootus vabaneda

  17. Lääs koondub Palestiina presidendi selja taha

    2007-01-01

    Palestiina Omavalitsuse president Mahmoud Abbas kuulutas välja eriolukorra, vabastas ametist äärmusrühmituse Hamas valitsuse ning nimetas uue valitsuse juhiks sõltumatu parlamendiliikme Salam Fayyadi

  18. The Egypt-Gaza Border and its Effect on Israeli-Egyptian Relations

    Sharp, Jeremy M

    2008-01-01

    .... Israel claims that ongoing smuggling of sophisticated weaponry into the Gaza Strip could dramatically strengthen the military capabilities of Hamas, which seized control of the Gaza Strip in 2007...

  19. Uus Lähis-Ida / Robert Malley ; tõlk. Märt Väljataga

    Malley, Robert

    2006-01-01

    Lähis-Ida konfliktist ja selle võimalikust edasisest arengust. Sisepoliitilisest olukorrast Palestiinas pärast äärmusrühmituse Hamas valimisvõitu 2006. aasta jaanuaris. Islamiliikumisest Hezbollah

  20. Vägivallalaine uputas Palestiina ühisvalitsuse

    2007-01-01

    Radikaalne islami vastupanuliikumise Hamas ja palestiinlaste mõõdukamat osa esindava Fatah'i võitlejad pidasid Gaza linnaosades veriseid lahingud. Autonoomia presidendi Mahmoud Abbasi ja Iisraeli peaministri Ehud Olmerti hukkamõistvast suhtumisest

  1. International Reaction to the Palestinian Unity Government

    Morro, Paul

    2007-01-01

    .... The international sanctions have not driven Hamas from power, and instead, some assert they may have provided an opening for Iran to increase its influence among Palestinians by filling the void...

  2. Defense Against Rocket Attacks in the Presence of False Cues

    Harari, Lior

    2008-01-01

    Rocket attacks on civilian and military targets, from both Hezbollah (South Lebanon) and Hamas (Gaza strip) have been causing a major operational problem for the Israeli Defense Force for over two decades...

  3. Bogi i monstrõ, ili biografija Supermena / Olga Marsheva

    Marsheva, Olga

    2007-01-01

    Ameerika tuntuimad koomiksikunstnikud Larry Hama, Stan Lee, Jerry Seagel, Bob Kain, Frank Miller ja nende loodud tegelaskujud. Ka briti kirjanik Alan Moore, kellele ei meeldi oma kangelastest tehtud ekraniseeringuid vaadata

  4. Iisrael paneb ise piirid paika, kui vaja / Yitzhak ben Israel ; interv. Sten A. Hankewitz

    Israel, Yitzhak ben

    2006-01-01

    Iisraeli partei Kadima kandidaat parlamendivalimistel Yitzhak ben Israel selgitab, milline on programm, kui peaministriks saab Ehud Olmert. Tema sõnul Hamas ilmselt ei nõustu Teekaardi-nimelise rahuplaaniga

  5. Iisrael lõdvendab Gaza maablokaadi / Hendrik Vosman, Jürgen Tamme

    Vosman, Hendrik

    2010-01-01

    Israeli valitsus vähendas piiranguid ja lubab nüüd toiduaineid, mänguasju, kirjatarbeid, madratseid ja rätikuid Gaza sektorisse tarnida. Hamas nimetas blokaadi leevendamise otsust tühiseks meediapropagandaks

  6. "Priznat Izrail? Mõ provedjom referendum" / Abdel Aziz Dweik ; interv. Lorenzo Cremonesi

    Dweik, Abdel Aziz

    2006-01-01

    Palestiina terroriorganisatsioon Hamas on teoreetiliselt valmis Iisraeli tunnustamiseks tulevikus, seda läbi referendumi, kus osaleksid kõik palestiinlased, olenemata elukohast, kahe riigi võimalikest suhetest tulevikus

  7. Search Results | Page 36 | IDRC - International Development ...

    Results 351 - 360 of 420 ... Integrating Islamist Militants into the Political Process : Palestinian Hamas ... Replicable Waste Recycling Project in Gianyar, Bali. Urban areas in Indonesia generate about 55 000 tonnes of solid waste per day, ...

  8. Monoclonal antibodies: A review of therapeutic applications and ...

    production of human anti-mouse antibodies. (HAMA) that invariably ... in the treatment of inflammatory diseases and cancer, with .... It is found to binds to a vascular integrin. (alpha-v/beta-3) ... arthritis, Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. [6].

  9. Learning to Mow Grass: IDF Adaptations to Hybrid Threats

    2017-05-25

    April 2006. The language of SOD, however, was a mixed bag from “post-modern French philosophy, literary theory, architecture and psychology.”44 It...ground forces OCL soon proved this assessment. Near the end of 2008, Hamas had broken the Egyptian -brokered truce between it and Israel. Having...turned to southern Gaza to destroy more of Hamas tunnel network near the Egyptian border.176

  10. Kajian Potensi Limbah Pertanian Sebagai Sumber Karbon Pada Produksi Avicelase dan CMCase dari Bacillus circulans

    Amrullah Hamdan Rahmadani

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakAvicelase dan CMCase mewakili aktivitas eksoselulase dan endoselulase, termasuk dua dari tiga jenis selulase dalam sistem selulase yang dihasilkan oleh Bacillus circulans. Ekspresi keduanya sangat dipengaruhi oleh jumlah dan jenis sumber karbon dalam media produksi. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui jenis dan konsentrasi limbah pertanian terbaik untuk menghasilkan avicelase dan CMCase dari B. circulans serta kemampuan sistem selulase tersebut untuk mendegradasi substrat lignoselulosa. Limbah pertanian yang diteliti berupa ampas tebu, bonggol jagung dan sekam. Limbah pertanian tersebut digunakan sebagai satu-satunya sumber karbon pada media produksi. Avicel digunakan sebagai sumber karbon pembanding. Aktivitas avicelase dan CMCase ditentukan berdasar jumlah gula pereduksi yang dihasilkan dengan menggunakan metoda Somogy-Nelson. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa semua limbah pertanian yang diteliti berpotensi sebagai sumber karbon yang lebih baik dibandingkan dengan avicel untuk produksi avicelase dan CMCase dari B. circulans. Limbah pertanian yang terbaik adalah ampas tebu. Penggunaan ampas tebu pada konsentrasi 0,5 % menghasilkan aviselase dan CMCase sebesar 309,39 dan 405,48 U/mL. Sistem selulase yang dihasilkan mampu mendegradasi ampas tebu, bonggol jagung dan sekam.Kata kunci : avicelase, CMCase, limbah pertanian, sumber kabon, Bacillus circulansAbstractAvicelase and CMCase activity represent exocellulase and endocellulase, including two of the three types of cellulase in the cellulase system produced by Bacillus circulans. Expression both of them strongly influenced by the amount and type of carbon source in the production medium. The aims of this research were to determine the type and concentration of the best agricultural waste to generate avicelase and CMCase from B. circulans and their ability to degrade lignocellulosic substrates. Studied agricultural wastes are bagasse, corn stalks and husks. Agricultural waste is used as

  11. PERBANDINGAN NILAI KALOR BIOBRIKET YANG TERBUAT DARI BOTTOM ASH LIMBAH PLTU DAN BIOMASSA CANGKANG KOPI DENGAN VARIASI KOMPOSISI DAN JENIS PENGIKAT YANG BERBEDA

    Budi Gunawan

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah membuat biobriket dari bahan bottom ash limbah Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Uap (PLTU dengan biomassa cangkang kopi dengan zat pengikat tetes tebu serta menguji nilai kalor yang dihasilkan. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah; pembuatan biobriket dengan memvariasi komposisi antara bottom ash dengan biomassanya serta zat pengikat yang berbeda. Variasi komposisi antara biomassa cangkang kopi dengan bootom ash yang digunakan adalah 60% : 40% dan 70% : 30%, sedangkan bahan perekatnya menggunakan tetes tebu dan tepung kanji. Pengujian yang dilakukan adalah menguji nilai kalor dari biobriket yang dihasilkan menggunakan alat uji calloriboom. Dari hasil pengujian didapatkan biobriket dengan komposisi 70% biomassa cangkang kopi dan 30% bottom ash dengan pengikat tetes tebu mempunyai nilai kalor yang paling tinggi dibandingkan dengan komposisi dan pengikat yang lain dengan nilai kalor yang dihasilkan yaitu 2496,18 kal/gr. Nilai kalor ini dipengaruhi oleh kandungan karbon aktif yang terdapat pada arang cangkang kopi dan besar kecilnya kandungan carbon, oxygen dan ash yang dimiliki, semakin tinggi kandungan carbon dan oxygen maka makin tinggi pula nilai kalor yang kandungan kalor yang terdapat pada jenis perekat tetes tebu lebih tinggi dari pada tepung kanji. [Title: Comparison of Calorific Value of Biobriket Made of Bottom Ash Waste and Biomass Plant Shell Coffee by Varying Composition and Types of Binder] This study is aimed to make biobriket of bottom ash material waste biomass power plant and different binder of coffee shell (molasses as well as measuring the calorific value. The method in this study are by manufacturing biobricket by varying the composition of bottom ash with biomass and different binder. Biomass composition variation of the shell coffee and bottom ash are 60%:40% and 70%:30%. The binder used are molasses and starch. This experiment was carry out by measuring the calorific value of produced

  12. Inoculation Expedition of Agar wood

    Peng, C.S.; Mohd Fajri Osman; Rusli Zakaria

    2015-01-01

    Inoculation expedition of agar wood is a main field works for researcher in Nuclear Malaysia to prove the real inoculation of agar wood in real jungle. These expeditions was conducted fourth times in the jungles of Malaysia including Gunung Tebu in Terengganu, Murum in Belaga, Sarawak, Kampung Timbang in Kota Belud, Sabah and Nuclear Malaysia itself. This expedition starts from preparation of samples and equipment, transportation into the jungle, searching and recognition of agar wood and lastly, inoculation of the agar wood. Safety aspects precedence set out in the preparation and implementation of this expedition. (author)

  13. Analisis Nilai Tambah Produk Olahan Bolu dan Brownies Rambutan (Studi Kasus : Industri Royyan Bakery, Kota Binjai)

    Syaputra, Eka; Lubis, Iskandarini, Satia Negara

    2015-01-01

    Rambutan Kota Binjai yang merupakan salah satu rambutan yang terbaik di Indonesia. Dengan melakukan pengolahan terhadap buah rambutan maka harga jual dapat meningkat, masa simpan menjadi lama dan jangkauan pemasaran lebih luas. Kegiatan pengolahan pasca panen atau agroidustri sangat diperlukan untuk meningkatkan nilai tambah. Peningkatan nilai tambah produk pertanian dapat dilakukan dari pengolahan secara terpadu yang memperhatikan pengoptimalan setiap tahapan proses dan pemanfaatan hasil sam...

  14. Generalized anxiety disorder and the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale in Parkinson's disease Transtorno de ansiedade generalizada e a Escala de Ansiedade de Hamilton na doença de Parkinson

    Arthur Kummer

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Anxiety is common in Parkinson's disease (PD, but studies concerning specific anxiety disorders are scarce. Essential psychometric properties of anxiety rating scales are also lacking. OBJECTIVE: To investigate general anxiety disorder (GAD in PD and psychometric properties of the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (Ham-A. METHOD: Ninety-one PD patients underwent neurological and psychiatric examination, which included the MINI-Plus, the Ham-A and the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (Ham-D. RESULTS: GAD was present in 30.8% of PD patients. Patients with GAD had longer disease duration (p=0.044 and were in use of higher doses of levodopa (p=0.034. They also tended to have more motor fluctuations and dyskinesias. The group with GAD scored higher in Ham-A (pAnsiedade é comum na doença de Parkinson (DP, mas estudos sobre transtornos de ansiedade específicos são ainda escassos. Faltam também estudos sobre propriedades psicométricas essenciais das escalas de ansiedade. OBJETIVO: Investigar o transtorno de ansiedade generalizada (TAG na DP e propriedades psicométricas da Escala de Ansiedade de Hamilton (Ham-A. MÉTODO: Noventa e um pacientes com DP se submeteram a exames neurológico e psiquiátrico, que incluiu o MINI-Plus, a Ham-A e a Escala de Depressão de Hamilton (Ham-D. RESULTADOS: TAG esteve presente em 30,8% dos participantes. Pacientes com TAG tinham maior duração de doença (p=0,044 e estavam em uso de maiores doses de levodopa (p=0,034. Também havia uma tendência desses pacientes terem mais flutuações motoras e discinesias. O grupo com TAG pontuou mais alto na Ham-A (p<0,001, nas subescalas somática (p<0,001 e psíquica da Ham-A (p<0,001, e na Ham-D (p=0,004. A Ham-A mostrou boa consistência interna (alfa de Cronbach=0,893 e um ponto de corte de 10/11 é sugerido para triar o TAG. CONCLUSÃO: TAG é freqüente na DP e a Ham-A pode ser um instrumento útil para triar esse transtorno.

  15. When Liminals Interact

    Pace, Michelle; Pallister-Wilkins, Polly

    This article engages with the concept of liminality by focusing on two, theoretically and empirically dubious categories: the EU and Hamas. Theoretically, both are in-between the traditional categories we use to make sense of the world and as such they challenge state-based, Westphalian, Eurocent......This article engages with the concept of liminality by focusing on two, theoretically and empirically dubious categories: the EU and Hamas. Theoretically, both are in-between the traditional categories we use to make sense of the world and as such they challenge state-based, Westphalian......, Eurocentric categories that dominate International Relations (IR). By analysing Hamas and the EU as liminals this article demonstrates how far certain collective discourses and non-state identities can go in challenging pre-existing categories on which the social order of international relations relies. Hamas...... does not ‘fit’ into pre-existing social categories of the social order in world politics. The EU does not fit into the system of states in international relations, although it attempts, in part, to behave like one at a supranational level. Empirically, both the EU and Hamas are able to exercise power...

  16. PEMBUATAN GULA NON KARSINOGENIK NON KALORI DARI DAUN STEVIA

    Luqman Buchori

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Stevia merupakan bahan pemanis selain tebu dengan kelebihan tingkat kemanisan 200 – 300 kali dari gula tebu dan diperoleh dari estrak daun stevia. Pembuatan gula stevia dilakukan dengan metode ekstraksi untuk mengambil stevioside kemudian dipekatkan dengan cara evaporasi lalu dikristalisasi sehingga diperoleh kristal stevioside. Dalam penelitian ini dicari pengaruh suhu (45°C; 50°C; 55°C, pengaruh waktu ekstraksi (1 ; 1,5 ; 2 jam, serta pengaruh jenis solvent yang digunakan (metanol, etanol, aseton terhadap berat gula yang didapatkan. Dari hasil penelitian diperoleh bahwa semakin tinggi suhu maka jumlah produk yang terekstrak semakin banyak, baik untuk solvent metanol maupun etanol. Sedangkan untuk solvent aseton kondisi optimum dicapai pada suhu 50°C. Untuk waktu ekstraksi, semakin lama waktu ekstraksi jumlah produk yang terekstrak semakin banyak. Untuk jenis solvent yang digunakan, metanol lebih banyak mengekstrak produk dibanding etanol maupun aseton. Produk yang diperoleh mempunyai range pH antara 5,2 – 5,5, titik leleh antara 196 – 198 °C, dan densitas antara 1,43 – 1,67, dimana harga-harga tersebut berada di dalam range pH, titik leleh, dan densitas gula stevia.

  17. Depression and anxiety in hyperthyroidism.

    Demet, Mehmet Murat; Ozmen, Bilgin; Deveci, Artuner; Boyvada, Sibel; Adigüzel, Hakan; Aydemir, Omer

    2002-01-01

    Our objective was to determine symptomatology of depression and anxiety in patients with untreated hyperthyroidism and compare with euthyroid patients. Thirty-two patients with hyperthyroidism (high free T3 and free T4, and suppressed TSH) and 30 euthyroid (normal free T3, free T4, and TSH) controls attending the Endocrinology Out-Patient Department at Celal Bayar University Hospital in Manisa, Turkey were included in the study. Hormonal screening was performed by immunoassay and hemagglutination method. For psychiatric assessment, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale [HAD], Hamilton Depression Rating Scale [HAM-D], and Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale [HAM-A] were used. There was no difference between the two groups in terms of demographic features. Total scores obtained both from HAM-D and HAM-A were significantly greater in the hyperthyroidism group than that of the euthyroid group (p weight loss (HAM-D#16), insomnia (HAM-A#4), and cardiovascular symptoms (HAM-A#8) were significantly more frequent in the hyperthyroidism group. By Wilks lambda discriminant analysis, psychomotor agitation (HAM-D#9), weight loss (HAM-D#16), and insomnia (HAM-A#4) were found as the discriminating symptoms for the hyperthyroidism group, whereas somatic anxiety (HAM-A#11) and loss of interest (HAD#14) were distinguishing symptoms of the euthyroidism group. Hyperthyroidism and syndromal depression-anxiety have overlapping features that can cause misdiagnosis during acute phase. For differential diagnosis, one should follow-up patients with hyperthyroidism with specific hormonal treatment and evaluate persisting symptoms thereafter. In addition to specific symptoms of hyperthyroidism, psychomotor retardation, guilt, muscle pain, energy loss, and fatigue seem to appear more frequently in patients with comorbid depression and hyperthyroidism; thus, presence of these symptoms should be a warning sign to nonpsychiatric professionals for the need for psychiatric consultation.

  18. Fifty years with the Hamilton scales for anxiety and depression. A tribute to Max Hamilton

    Bech, P; Bech, P

    2009-01-01

    as the method for the evaluation of the clinical effects of psychotropic drugs. Inspired by Eysenck, Hamilton took the long route around factor analysis in order to qualify his scales for anxiety (HAM-A) and depression (HAM-D) as scientific tools. From the moment when, 50 years ago, Hamilton published his first...... placebo-controlled trial with an experimental anti-anxiety drug, he realized the dialectic problem in using the total score on HAM-A as a sufficient statistic for the measurement of outcome. This dialectic problem has been investigated for more than 50 years with different types of factor analyses without...

  19. To be or not to be Violent

    Sen, Somdeep

    2012-01-01

    June 19, 2012: the Palestinian skies lit up again with an exchange of rockets and air strikes between Israel and Hamas in Gaza, breaking the uneasy calm that had prevailed since March when Islamic Jihad had engaged in hostilities with Israel following the assassination of Zuhir al-Qaisi, the Secr......June 19, 2012: the Palestinian skies lit up again with an exchange of rockets and air strikes between Israel and Hamas in Gaza, breaking the uneasy calm that had prevailed since March when Islamic Jihad had engaged in hostilities with Israel following the assassination of Zuhir al...

  20. Thyroglobulin (Tg) recovery testing with quantitative Tg antibody measurement for determining interference in serum Tg assays in differentiated thyroid carcinoma

    Persoon, ACM; Links, TP; Wilde, J; Sluiter, WJ; Wolffenbuttel, BHR; van den Ouweland, JMW

    Background: Thyroglobulin (Tg) measurements are complicated by interference from Tg autoantibodies (TgAbs) or heterophilic antibodies (HAMAs). We used a new automated immunochemiluminometric assay (ICMA) with Tg recovery (TgR) on the Nichols Advantage (R) platform to reassess the clinical utility of

  1. A Game Theoretic Model for the Optimal Disposition of Integrated Air Defense System Assets

    2015-03-26

    fellows of Miami Valley Philosophical and Lifting Society v Acknowledgements I want to thank LTC Brian J. Lunday and Lt Col Matthew J. Robbins for...on the defender’s valuation of tar- gets. However, if we assume that Hamas, the attacker, knows the layout of Israel’s defense, they may attack

  2. CHARACTERIZATION OF AN ANAEROBIC FUNGUS FROM LLAMA FECES

    MARVINSIKKEMA, FD; LAHPOR, GA; KRAAK, MN; GOTTSCHAL, JC; PRINS, RA

    1992-01-01

    An anaerobic fungus was isolated from Hama faeces. Based on its morphological characteristics, polyflagellated zoospores, extensive rhizoid system and the formation of monocentric colonies, the fungus is assigned to the genus Neocallimastix. Neocallimastix sp. L2 is able to grow on several poly-,

  3. Equation of state for inert gas solids

    Srimath

    their melting points. The EOS is basically a pressure–volume–temperature relationship. The studies based on EOS are widely important not only in physics but ..... Earth Planet. Inter. 109, 1 (1998). [11] J Hama and K Suito, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 116, 133 (1999). [12] A Prasad, M Singh and B R K Gupta, Indian J. Phys.

  4. Religion and the quest of peace and happiness in a world of nuclear ...

    The jihadist groups such as Hamas, Hizbullah, Al Qaeda, Aqimi, Al-Shabaab, Boko Haram, etc. destabilizing the world nowadays, menacing dangerously the world peace and the security, creating thus the psychosis in the mind of people all over the world, call themselves religious people, that is, committed Moslems, the ...

  5. Sõjaraport õõnestab ÜRO usaldusväärsust / Jürgen Tamme

    Tamme, Jürgen

    2011-01-01

    ÜRO Gaza sõda puudutavas raportis kritiseeritakse nii Iisraeli kui ka Palestiina islamistlikku äärmusrühmitust Hamas. ÜRO inimõiguste uurija Richard Goldstone leiab, et raport on siiski puudulik, kuna praegu omab ÜRO juba rohkem infot Gaza sõja kohta

  6. Отчёт о войне в Газе подрывает доверие к ООН

    2011-01-01

    ÜRO Gaza sõda puudutavas raportis kritiseeritakse nii Iisraeli kui ka Palestiina islamistlikku äärmusrühmitust Hamas. ÜRO inimõiguste uurija Richard Goldstone leiab, et raport on siiski puudulik, kuna praegu omab ÜRO juba rohkem infot Gaza sõja kohta

  7. Genetics Home Reference: fatty acid hydroxylase-associated neurodegeneration

    ... Mutat. 2010 Apr;31(4):E1251-60. doi: 10.1002/humu.21205. Citation on PubMed Edvardson S, Hama H, ... Neurol. 2010 Nov;68(5):611-8. doi: 10.1002/ana.22122. Citation on PubMed Schipper HM. Neurodegeneration ...

  8. Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses

    2014-03-05

    evaluating their backgrounds according to constitutional requirements that a candidate demonstrate knowledge of Islam, loyalty to the Islamic...containment and missile defense strategies and with most U.S. and multilateral sanctions against Iran, including by selling more oil to the customers ... restaurants , and other civilian targets inside Israel. In recent years, however, Hamas has directly involved itself in Palestinian politics and its

  9. Vooluallikad, mis ei väsigi? / Heikki Parviainen

    Parviainen, Heikki

    2011-01-01

    TM võrdleb AA-akusid: Ansmann max e, Biltema 2700 mAh, Duracell 2500 mAh, Energizer Recharge, GP 2700 series, Hama 2700, Lenmar 2700 mAh, Panasonic Rechargeable Accu, Philips Multilife, Sony Cycle-Energy, Tronic Energy, Varta Poer Accu

  10. U.S. Policy in the Israeli-Palestinian Dispute

    2017-09-01

    Project (0704-0188) Washington, DC 20503. 1. AGENCY USE ONLY (Leave blank) 2. REPORT DATE September 2017 3. REPORT TYPE AND DATES COVERED Master’s...policy, Israel, Palestine, peace process, Oslo Accords, qualitative military edge, Middle East, strategic interests, U.S. strategy, Hamas, Palestinian...role. vi THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK vii TABLE OF CONTENTS I. MAJOR RESEARCH QUESTION

  11. Uus etapp Iisraeli võitluses palestiinlastega / Kalev Kask

    Kask, Kalev

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Meie Maa, 27. apr. 2004, lk. 6. Iisraeli ja Hamasi vahelise võitluse ägenemise käigus tapeti Iisraeli julgeolekujõudude poolt Palestiina äärmusrühmituse Hamas juht Abdel-Aziz al-Rantisi. Lähis-Ida rahuplaani hakkavad Berliinis arutama rahuprotsessi nelja osapoole esindajad - USA, Euroopa Liit, ÜRO ja Venemaa

  12. Granting Concessions and Paying Ransoms to Terrorists: A Policy Options Analysis of the U.S. Policy on Hostage Recovery

    2016-06-01

    businesses like General Motors, which received bailout money from the federal government, and the Catholic Church, which receives tax-exempt status...from gaining independence from France . Other examples of absolute terrorists include the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA), Hamas, and al...The conflict began when the IRA, which represented the Catholic minority, felt discriminated against by the Protestant majority, represented by

  13. When Liminals Interact

    Pace, Michelle

    their relations of Self. In exploring the procedural relations of the EU and Hamas it argues for the necessity of recognising liminal categories in IR theory and practice while at the same time highlighting the limits of such in-between categories in a world order still structured around the state....

  14. Social Structure Simulation and Inference Using Artificial Intelligence Techniques

    2005-06-15

    human languages is an unsolved (and possibly unsolvable) problem. Thus, let us only use English grammar as a trampoline towards mapping semantics of...editing screen. This behavior of the interface allows for fast manual data entry from text sources. For example, to code a statement ”Hamas was headed by

  15. Saudi Arabia walks a tightrope

    Aarts, P.

    2007-01-01

    Saudi diplomacy seems more active than ever. This has to do with three recent major regional developments: the summer 2006 war between Israel and Hezbollah, the violent clashes between Hamas and Fatah in the occupied Palestinian territories, and the Iraqi quagmire. In each of these, the role of Iran

  16. Gaza ceasefire crumbles while West embarks on a new round of hand-wringing

    Pace, Michelle

    2014-01-01

    Tragically, the 72-hour ceasefire brokered between the Israeli Defence Force and Hamas collapsed within two hours – just as shops in Gaza were opening and the fishing fleet setting out to sea for the first time in days. It’s unclear how the truce was broken, and both sides are flinging blame...

  17. INFORMASI SEPUTAR EVALUASI RUT

    Sugiharto Sugiharto

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Riset Unggulan Terpadu (RUT merupakan kegiatan riset yang dilaksanakan dalam rangka pencapaian tujuan Sistem Iptek Nasional, dengan memadukan dan mendayagunakan sumberdaya manusia, dana, prasarana dan sarana yang tersedia, serta untuk meningkatkan mutu hasil riset dalam rangka pelaksanaan kegiatan riset unggulan dengan pendanaan yang wajar untuk memecahkan masaiah prioritas pembangunan sesuai dengan PUSNAS RISTEK. Riset Unggulan Terpadu telah berlangsung selama 7 kali, dan Tahun Anggaran 1999/2000 ini memasuki RUT ke VIII. RUT sudah bejalan sejak tahun 1993 dengan pengelola Kantor Menteri Riset dan Teknologi/BPP Teknologi. Mulai tahun 1996, melalui S.K. Menteri Negara Riset dan Teknologi NO. 18/M/Kp/XII/1996 tanggal 25 Desember 1996, Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (LIPI ditugasi sebagai pengelola pelaksanaan Riset Unggulan Terpadu (RUT. Selama tujuh tahun pelaksanaan RUT telah terjaring sebanyak 920 topik riset unggulan dan telah memasyarakatkan kebijakan satu pintu Kantor Menteri Negara Riset dan teknologi (KMNRT dalam memanfaatkan dana APBN sektor 16. Pelaksanaan Program ini dapat diikuti oleh para peneliti dari Lembaga Pemerintah Non Departemen, Badan Penelitian dan pengembangan Departemen dan dari Universitas. Berbagai aturan yang berlaku bagi para peneliti yang mengajukan usulan riset telah diikuti dengan baik, sehingga terdapat keseragaman. Penyempumaan dalam menangani usulan riset masih terus dilakukan mengingat dinamika permasalahan baru selalu timbul, antara lain krisis moneter yang belum kunjung berhenti. Kesulitan memperoleh bahan baku industri, lemahnya daya beli masyarakat terhadap produksi yang dihasilkannya, serta ketersediaan bahan pangan dan obat-obatan yang merupakan kebutuhan dasar manusia menjadi sesuatu hal yang selalu dipertanyakan masyarakat. Kelangkaan bahan baku produksi dan tingginya harga kedua bahan serta kesediaannya dipasar menjadi fokus utama program riset saat ini. Oleh karena itu, bidang/topik RUT saat ini

  18. THE DEVELOPMENT OF AIR-THEME INTEGRATED SCIENCE TEACHING MATERIAL USING FOUR STEPS TEACHING MATERIAL DEVELOPMENT

    A. Arifin

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The purposes of this study are to develop, to test the feasibility, to describe the characteristic, and to test the students understanding about integrated science teaching material about air using Four Steps Teaching Material Development (4S TMD. The Research and Development method was use to develop integrated science teaching materials which is involving  all science perspectives that are not presented in junior high school science book. The air theme was chosen in this study since it can be explained using biology, chemistry, physics, and earth and space science  perspectives. Development the teaching materials was consists of selection, structuring, characterization, and reduction didactic steps. Based on the of feasibility test results, the teaching material is qualified in content, presentation, language, and graphic feasibility aspects. The characteristic of this teaching material expose the closeness theme with student daily lifes and its compatibility with National Books Standard. Based on the understanding test results, the teaching material is qualified in understanding aspect with high category. It can be concluded that the teaching material qualified to be used as supplement teaching material of science learning.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan, menguji kelayakan, memaparkan karakteristik, dan menguji keterpahaman bahan ajar IPA terpadu pada tema udara untuk siswa SMP kelas VII melalui Four Steps Teaching Material Development (4S TMD. Penelitian dengan metode Research and Development (R&D ini dilatar belakangi oleh tidak tersedianya bahan ajar IPA SMP yang disajikan secara terpadu melalui tema udara. Pengembangan bahan ajar IPA terpadu tema udara terdiri dari tahap seleksi, strukturisasi, karakterisasi dan reduksi didaktik. Berdasarkan uji kelayakan, bahan ajar telah memenuhi aspek kelayakan isi, kelayakan penyajian, kelayakan bahasa dan kelayakan kegrafikan. Karakteristik bahan ajar meliputi kedekatan tema bahan ajar

  19. PENERAPAN HUKUM TERHADAP PEMBAJAKAN DAN PEROMPAKAN DI SELAT MALAKA

    Gugus Wahyu S. Utomo

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Di wilayan perairan Asia Tenggara dalam kurun waktu antara 1991-2001 tercatat 1194 kasus dari 20.411 kasus pembajakan. Menurut catatan International Maritime Bereu terdapat kecenderungan peningkatan pada tahun 1999 yakti 113 dari 285 total kasus yang dilaporkan. Kewenangan penanganan perompakan di Selat malaka ada pada tiga negara pantai dengan menggunakan sistem pengamanan maritim terpadu atau Integrated Maritime Security System. Ketiga negara yang berdaulat terhadap perairan Selat Malaka adalah Indonesia, Singapura, dan Malaysia telah sepakat melibatkan Thailand untuk ikut mengamankan Selat Malaka dari aksi perompakan. Ketiga negara juga telah sepakat untuk tidak melibatkan kekuatan asing dalam pengamanan Selat Malaka.

  20. EKSPLORASI DAN IMPLEMENTASI UNIFIED APPROACH DALAM PERANCANGAN SISTEM INFORMASI : STUDI KASUS SISTEM RESERVASI HOTEL

    Fajar Baskoro

    2002-07-01

    Full Text Available Perancangan perangkat lunak merupakan tahapan yang penting di dalam rekayasa perangkat lunak. Pemilihan perangkat perancangan yang dapat membantu memodelkan perangkat lunak menentukan kemudahan spesifikasi, implementasi, visualisasi, pengujian, dan dokumentasi perangkat lunak. UML, Unified Modelling Language sebagai Bahasa Pemodelan Terpadu mempunyai perangkat untuk memodelkan perangkat lunak memvisualisasikan use case, statis, dan perilaku perangkat lunak di dalam sistem. Penggunaan UML di dalam perancangan sistem informasi berbeda dengan penggunaan UML di dalam perangkat Lunak Waktu Nyata (Realtime. Pendekatan Unified adalah salah satu panduan yang digunakan untuk perancangan perangkat lunak dengan menggunakan UML. Kata kunci: UML, pendekatan unified, reservasi hotel.

  1. Vitamin D status is associated with anxiety levels in postmenopausal women evaluated for osteoporosis

    Gabriella Martino

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available Vitamin D status has been previously associated with a wide range of acute and chronic diseases. The nervous system express vitamin D receptors and thus vitamin D may be involved in mental health. Poor data exist about the correlation between vitamin D and anxiety levels.Our aim was to investigate the association of vitamin D status with anxiety severity. A group of 177 postmenopausal women (mean age 65.5±8.22 yr. referring to an outpatients clinic for the prevention of osteoporosis were evaluated. Severity of perceived anxiety symptoms was measured by the Hamilton Anxiety rating scale (HAMA. Depression levels were also evaluated using the Beck Depression Inventory-second edition scale (BDI-II.  25(OHD serum levels, indicative of vitamin D status, were detected by high-performance liquid chromatography. 25(OHD levels were significantly related HAMA-score (r=-0.15, p=0.04; particularly a deep association was observed between 25(OHD levels and somatic symptoms (r=-0.195, p=0.009. HAMA score was associated with BDI-II score (r=0.487, p=<0.001; HAMA psychic symptom score was also related with age and time since menopause (r=0.149, p=0.039 and r=0.222, p=0.003, respectively. At a multiple regression analysis, after correcting for age and depression levels, 25(OHD was predictive of HAMA score (β =-0,05961, p= 0.02, SE=-2.206, but the strength of association was lost further correcting for time since menopause.  In conclusion, in a setting of postmenopausal women, we observed a significant association between anxiety levels and serum 25(OHD concentrations irrespective of age and depression levels.

  2. KRITIK SOSIAL SUKU DAYAK BENUAQ DALAM NOVEL API AWAN ASAP KARYA KORRIE LAYUN RAMPAN (TINJAUAN SOSIOLOGI SASTRA MARXIS

    Nina Queena Hadi Putri

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini mendeskripsikan novel Api Awan Asap karya Korrie Layun Rampan ditinjau dari (1 protes sosial, (2realisme sosial. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif kualitatif dengan metode content analysis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa adanya protes sosial yang ditujukan kepada masyarakat yang tidak mengetahui tradisi berhuma suku Dayak Benuaq;  perusahaan pertambangan, perusahaan perkebunan, HPH, dan HTI; perusahaan kelapa sawit, tebu, dan coklat; kepada “konglomerat”; perusahaan  penambangan emas dan batu bara. Bentuk realisme sosial menggambarkan masyarakat suku dayak Benuaq yang dituduh sebagai perusak alam; kerusakan lingkungan pada wilayah yang didiami oleh suku Dayak Benuaq; ketidaktahuan masyarakat mengenai hukum dan kepemilikan tanah; dan ketidaksiapan mental secara finansial masyarakat.

  3. Conazole fungicides inhibit Leydig cell testosterone secretion and androgen receptor activation in vitro

    Maarke J.E. Roelofs

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Conazole fungicides are widely used in agriculture despite their suspected endocrine disrupting properties. In this study, the potential (anti-androgenic effects of ten conazoles were assessed and mutually compared with existing data. Effects of cyproconazole (CYPRO, fluconazole (FLUC, flusilazole (FLUS, hexaconazole (HEXA, myconazole (MYC, penconazole (PEN, prochloraz (PRO, tebuconazole (TEBU, triadimefon (TRIA, and triticonazole (TRIT were examined using murine Leydig (MA-10 cells and human T47D-ARE cells stably transfected with an androgen responsive element and a firefly luciferase reporter gene. Six conazoles caused a decrease in basal testosterone (T secretion by MA-10 cells varying from 61% up to 12% compared to vehicle-treated control. T secretion was concentration-dependently inhibited after exposure of MA-10 cells to several concentrations of FLUS (IC50 = 12.4 μM or TEBU (IC50 = 2.4 μM in combination with LH. The expression of steroidogenic and cholesterol biosynthesis genes was not changed by conazole exposure. Also, there were no changes in reactive oxygen species (ROS formation that could explain the altered T secretion after exposure to conazoles. Nine conazoles decreased T-induced AR activation (IC50s ranging from 10.7 to 71.5 μM and effect potencies (REPs were calculated relative to the known AR antagonist flutamide (FLUT. FLUC had no effect on AR activation by T. FLUS was the most potent (REP = 3.61 and MYC the least potent (REP = 0.03 AR antagonist. All other conazoles had a comparable REP from 0.12 to 0.38. Our results show distinct in vitro anti-androgenic effects of several conazole fungicides arising from two mechanisms: inhibition of T secretion and AR antagonism, suggesting potential testicular toxic effects. These effects warrant further mechanistic investigation and clearly show the need for accurate exposure data in order to perform proper (human risk assessment of this class of compounds.

  4. GAMBARAN UMUM SEKTOR UNGGULAN DAN KONTRIBUSI SEKTOR PERTANIAN DI PROVINSI JAWA TIMUR (OLAH DATA TABEL INPUT-OUTPUT PROVINSI JAWA TIMUR TAHUN 2010

    Azizatun Nurhayati

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Pembangunan daerah dilakukan dengan memaksimalkan potensi sumber daya yang ada di suatu daerah. Karena sebagian besar penduduk Indonesia adalah petani, maka penting untuk mengetahui kontribusi sektor pertanian terhadap perekonomian suatu daerah. Makalah ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kontribusi sektor pertanian terhadap multiplier output, pengganda pendapatan, dan pengganda tenaga kerja. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah Analisis Input Output yang diperoleh dari Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Jawa Timur Tahun 2010. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa komoditas tebu berada pada kuadran II, Dari keseluruhan data di atas maka dapat disimpulkan bahwa (1 Komoditas tebu dapat mendorong berkembangnya industri gula di Jawa Timur, (2 di sektor peternakan, subsektor yang dapat dikembangkan adalah pakan ternak, pemotongan hewan, sapi, kambing dan domba, serta ayam (3 di sektor pengolahan subsektor pengolahan es krim, beras, dan penggilingan padi serta rokok. ABSTRACTLocal development is held by maximizing potential resources in a particular region. In addition, most of Indonesian people are farmers so it’s important to identify the agriculural contribution in local economic. The aim of this study are to study the contribution of agriculture  in ouput multiplier, income multiplier, and employment multiplier. The method which was used in this research was input-output analysis based on Badan Pusat Statistik East Java Province’s data in 2010. From the analysis, we can conclude that the sugarcane was formed in the second quadrant, in which (1sugarcane comodity promoted the sugar industry in East Java Province (2 in livestock subsector, the woof of livestock industry, animals truncation, sheeps, goats, and chicken husbandry (poultry were potentially to be developed (3 in processing subsector which was based on agriculture product, ice cream and processing, rice milling and cigarette were potentially to be developed. 

  5. HUBUNGAN MEROKOK DENGAN KEJADIAN ISPA PADA MAHASISWA POLITEKNIK KESEHATAN KEMENTERIAN KESEHATAN TANJUNGKARANG

    Mei Ahyanti

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Infeksi Saluran Pernafasan Akut (ISPA merupakan penyakit infeksi yang masih menjadi masalah di Indonesia karena kasusnya masih cukup tinggi. Meski pada orang dewasa tidak menimbulkan kesakitan yang parah, namun para orang tertentu menimbulkan masalah kesehatan yang lebih besar. ISPA juga paling sering menjadi penyebab anak bolos sekolah atau orang dewasa bolos kantor, artinya mengganggu dan menurunkan produktifitas. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui proporsi merokok pada mahasiswa dan hubungan merokok dengan kejadian ISPA pada mahasiswa setelah mengontrol status gizi, jenis kelamin, olahraga, lingkungan fisik rumah, ada pencemar dalam rumah dan kepadatan hunian. Penelitian dengan jenis analitik menggunakan rancangan case control dilakukan di Politeknik Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan Tanjungkarang dengan populasi kasus mahasiswa yang menderita ISPA pada bulan Januari sampai April 2012, dan populasi control adalah mahasiswa yang berobat ke klinik terpadu pada bulan yang sama tetapi tidak menderita ISPA dan tidak menunjukkan gejala ISPA saat penelitian dilaksanakan. Sampel berjumlah 172 mahasiswa namun yang dapat diwawancarai hanya 162 mahasiswa terdiri dari 81 kasus dan 81 kontrol. Hasil penelitian diketahui proporsi mahasiswa merokok 29,6%, ada hubungan merokok dengan kejadian ISPA pada mahasiswa setelah mengontrol jenis kelamin, status gizi, pencemaran dalam rumah, lingkungan fisik rumah dan interaksi antara jenis kelamin dengan merokok. Perlu dilakukan upaya primary prevention oleh pihak Poltekkes dan Klinik Terpadu untuk memberikan penyuluhan kepada mahasiswa dan menjadi trendsetter dalam bidang kesehatan, dan spesifik protection oleh mahasiswa dengan tidak menyediakan asbak didalam rumah

  6. Komparace strategie íránské podpory terorismu na příkladu Hamásu a Hizballáhu

    Josef KRAUS

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper is focused on the comparison of strategy of state-sponsoring of terrorist groups Hamas and Hezbollah by the Islamic Republic of Iran. The strategy is described using five types of support – propaganda and political support, directing the terror, the use of financial leverage, instruction and training, the transfer of weaponry. The primary aim of this text is to clear up the Iranian role in supporting of two chosen Islamic terrorist organization and to explain its differences caused by historical, ideological, political and technical matters to the reader of this article. The text also contains the explanation of the origin, ideological background, political demands and the main terroristic activity of Palestinian Hamas and Lebanese Hezbollah.

  7. The Decision Calculus of Terrorist Leaders

    J. Tyson Chatagnier; Alex Mintz; Yair Samban

    2012-01-01

    This article contributes to the literature on terrorist group decision-making by introducing a new procedure, Applied Decision Analysis, in an attempt to understand how leaders of terrorist organizations make decisions. We examine twenty-three decisions taken by leaders of three terrorist organizations: Al-Qaeda, Hamas, and Hizballah. We also demonstrate the use of the Applied Decision Analysis procedure to uncover the "Decision DNA" or “decision code” of leaders of such organizat...

  8. MINOR HUMAN-ANTIBODY RESPONSE TO A MOUSE AND CHIMERIC MONOCLONAL-ANTIBODY AFTER A SINGLE IV INFUSION IN OVARIAN-CARCINOMA PATIENTS - A COMPARISON OF 5 ASSAYS

    BUIST, MR; KENEMANS, P; VANKAMP, GJ; Haisma, Hidde

    The human anti-(mouse Ig) antibody (HAMA) response was measured in serum of 52 patients suspected of having ovarian carcinoma who had received an i.v. injection of either the murine monoclonal antibody (mAb) OV-TL 3 F(ab')(2) (n = 28, 1 mg) or the chimeric mouse/human mAb MOv18 (cMOv18; n = 24, 3

  9. Psychological Symptoms in Obesity and Related Factors.

    Değirmenci, Taner; Kalkan-Oğuzhanoğlu, Nalan; Sözeri-Varma, Gülfizar; Özdel, Osman; Fenkçi, Semin

    2015-03-01

    This study aimed to investigate the relationship between levels of depression and anxiety symptoms and quality of life, self-esteem in obesity. Fifty-two subjects whose Body Mass Index (BMI) is 30 kg/m 2 and over and 43 control whose BMI is normal were recruited for this study. The socio demographic data form, Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D17), Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A), Quality of Life Scale Short Form (WHOQOL-Brief-TR), Coopersmith Self Esteem Scale (CSES), The Eating Attitudes (EAT), were applied to the participants. In this study most of the patients are women, married, postgraduated and live in urban areas. It was determined to scores of HAM-D17, HAM-A and EAT are higher in obese group than control group; WHOQOL-Brief-TR physical field scores was lower in obese group than control group. CSES scores wasn't difference between obese and control group. In obese group, there was HAM-D17 and HAM-A scores a negative correlation between quality of life physical field score, negative correlation between CSES score, positive correlation between EAT scale score. There is no correlation between scores of HAM-D17 and HAM-A and BMI. Our results suggest that depressive and anxiety levels are high in induvidual with obesity. They have problems in eating attitudes and their quality of life especially physical field is poor. The psychological symptoms have negative effects on the quality of life, self-esteem, and eating attitudes. Our results suggest that psychiatric support to improving positive effects quality of life and self-esteem in individual with obesity.

  10. Změna konceptu terorismu v praxi

    Pejcha, Zdeněk

    2010-01-01

    This thesis demonstrates the general change of theoretical concept of terrorism. The general concept of terrorism is divided into two "subsections": "old" terrorism and "new" terrorism. These two subsections are different in their basic characteristics. So the general change between the "old" and "new" terrorism is illustrated using the four cases of terrorist groups (Irish Republican Army, Basque Homeland and Freedom, Hamas and al Qaeda). In order to make successful demonstration of the chan...

  11. Minor human antibody response to a mouse and chimeric monoclonal antibody after a single i.v. infusion in ovarian carcinoma patients: a comparison of five assays

    Buist, M. R.; Kenemans, P.; van Kamp, G. J.; Haisma, H. J.

    1995-01-01

    The human anti-(mouse Ig) antibody (HAMA) response was measured in serum of 52 patients suspected of having ovarian carcinoma who had received an i.v. injection of either the murine monoclonal antibody (mAb) OV-TL 3 F(ab')2 (n = 28, 1 mg) or the chimeric mouse/human mAb MOv18 (cMOv18; n = 24, 3 mg).

  12. Investigation of the relationship between anxiety and heart rate variability in fibromyalgia: A new quantitative approach to evaluate anxiety level in fibromyalgia syndrome.

    Bilgin, Suleyman; Arslan, Evren; Elmas, Onur; Yildiz, Sedat; Colak, Omer H; Bilgin, Gurkan; Koyuncuoglu, Hasan Rifat; Akkus, Selami; Comlekci, Selcuk; Koklukaya, Etem

    2015-12-01

    Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is identified by widespread musculoskeletal pain, sleep disturbance, nonrestorative sleep, fatigue, morning stiffness and anxiety. Anxiety is very common in Fibromyalgia and generally leads to a misdiagnosis. Self-rated Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) and doctor-rated Hamilton Anxiety Inventory (HAM-A) are frequently used by specialists to determine anxiety that accompanies fibromyalgia. However, these semi-quantitative anxiety tests are still subjective as the tests are scored using doctor-rated or self-rated scales. In this study, we investigated the relationship between heart rate variability (HRV) frequency subbands and anxiety tests. The study was conducted with 56 FMS patients and 34 healthy controls. BAI and HAM-A test scores were determined for each participant. ECG signals were then recruited and 71 HRV subbands were obtained from these ECG signals using Wavelet Packet Transform (WPT). The subbands and anxiety tests scores were analyzed and compared using multilayer perceptron neural networks (MLPNN). The results show that a HRV high frequency (HF) subband in the range of 0.15235Hz to 0.40235Hz, is correlated with BAI scores and another HRV HF subband, frequency range of 0.15235Hz to 0.28907Hz is correlated with HAM-A scores. The overall accuracy is 91.11% for HAM-A and 90% for BAI with MLPNN analysis. Doctor-rated or self-rated anxiety tests should be supported with quantitative and more objective methods. Our results show that the HRV parameters will be able to support the anxiety tests in the clinical evaluation of fibromyalgia. In other words, HRV parameters can potentially be used as an auxiliary diagnostic method in conjunction with anxiety tests. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. Operation «Brother’s Keeper» in Context of the Palestinian-Israeli Standoff

    Vladimir Mihailovich Morozov

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays the Gaza Strip radical movement HAMAS is the most dangerous opponent for the State of Israel in the Palestinian arena. In recent years most attention of the world community has been focused on the events in the Gaza Strip. This attention is caused by the dynamics of standoff and the scale of events occurred. During the period after authority setting in the Palestinian enclave by HAMAS movement Israel carried out a series of large-scale military operations. These were «Cast Lead», «Pillar of Defense» and «Protective Edge». However for better understanding of dynamics of the conflict between Israelis and Palestinians it is necessary to pay equal attention to confrontation both in the Gaza Strip and West Bank. In the article the authors study the events of June 2014 that were a part of the permanent standoff in the West Bank. In June 2014 after abduction of the three teenagers by radicals Israel carried out the operation «Brother's Keeper» which preceded the large-scale operation «Protective Edge». The actions of Israelis aimed at weakening the infrastructure of HAMAS. During the operation in the West Bank Israel used considerable forces. Israelis caused a painful blow to HAMAS. The results of the operation «Brother's Keeper» suggested that the radicals of the West Bank may get developed underground infrastructure and developed infrastructure for production of rockets. The events of summer 2014 in zone of the Palestinian- Israeli conflict showed that escalation may spread from one part of the Palestinian land to another.

  14. Symptoms of anxiety in depression: assessment of item performance of the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale in patients with depression.

    Vaccarino, Anthony L; Evans, Kenneth R; Sills, Terrence L; Kalali, Amir H

    2008-01-01

    Although diagnostically dissociable, anxiety is strongly co-morbid with depression. To examine further the clinical symptoms of anxiety in major depressive disorder (MDD), a non-parametric item response analysis on "blinded" data from four pharmaceutical company clinical trials was performed on the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAMA) across levels of depressive severity. The severity of depressive symptoms was assessed using the 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD). HAMA and HAMD measures were supplied for each patient on each of two post-screen visits (n=1,668 observations). Option characteristic curves were generated for all 14 HAMA items to determine the probability of scoring a particular option on the HAMA in relation to the total HAMD score. Additional analyses were conducted using Pearson's product-moment correlations. Results showed that anxiety-related symptomatology generally increased as a function of overall depressive severity, though there were clear differences between individual anxiety symptoms in their relationship with depressive severity. In particular, anxious mood, tension, insomnia, difficulties in concentration and memory, and depressed mood were found to discriminate over the full range of HAMD scores, increasing continuously with increases in depressive severity. By contrast, many somatic-related symptoms, including muscular, sensory, cardiovascular, respiratory, gastro-intestinal, and genito-urinary were manifested primarily at higher levels of depression and did not discriminate well at lower HAMD scores. These results demonstrate anxiety as a core feature of depression, and the relationship between anxiety-related symptoms and depression should be considered in the assessment of depression and evaluation of treatment strategies and outcome.

  15. Affective symptoms in schizophrenia are strongly associated with neurocognitive deficits indicating disorders in executive functions, visual memory, attention and social cognition.

    Kanchanatawan, Buranee; Thika, Supaksorn; Anderson, George; Galecki, Piotr; Maes, Michael

    2018-01-03

    The aim of this study was to assess the neurocognitive correlates of affective symptoms in schizophrenia. Towards this end, 40 healthy controls and 80 schizophrenia patients were investigated with six tests of the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB), assessing spatial working memory, paired-association learning, one touch stocking, rapid visual information (RVP), emotional recognition test and intra/extradimensional set shifting. The Hamilton Depression (HDRS) and Anxiety (HAMA) Rating Scales and the Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia (CDSS) as well as the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) were also used. There were highly significant associations between all 6 CANTAB tests and HDRS, HAMA and CDSS (except RVP) scores. The most significant items associating with neurocognitive impairments in schizophrenia were self-depreciation (CDSS), fatigue, psychomotor retardation and agitation, psychic and somatic anxiety (HDRS), fears, cognitive symptoms, somatic-muscular, genito-urinary and autonomic symptoms and anxious behavior (HAMA). The selected HDRS and HAMA symptoms indicate fatigue, fears, anxiety, agitation, retardation, somatization and subjective cognitive complaints (SCC) and are therefore labeled "FAARS". Up to 28.8% of the variance in the 6 CANTAB measurements was explained by FAARS, which are better predictors of neurocognitive impairments than the PANSS negative subscale score. Neurocognitive deficits in schizophrenia are best predicted by FAARS combined with difficulties in abstract thinking. In conclusion, depression and anxiety symptoms accompanying the negative and positive symptoms of schizophrenia are associated with neurocognitive deficits indicating disorders in executive functions, attention, visual memory, and social cognition. Neurocognitive deficits in schizophrenia reflect difficulties in abstract thinking and FAARS, including subjective cognitive complaints. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights

  16. Israel: Background and U.S. Relations

    2013-11-01

    principle to raise the electoral threshold for political parties seeking to enter the Knesset from 2% to 4%. Shelly Yachimovich formally leads the...Israel’s 2008-2009 Operation Cast Lead, which was directed against Hamas in the Gaza Strip) as acts of aggression. During the 111th Congress, the...Senate and the House overwhelmingly passed resolutions during the week of January 5, 2009 in connection with Operation Cast Lead that supported

  17. Iran’s Foreign and Defense Policies

    2017-02-06

    Palestinian peace process through Hamas attacks on buses, restaurants , and other civilian targets inside Israel. However, in 2012, their differing positions...mid-2015, declared its loyalty to the Islamic State organization. 105 Almost all of the Central Asian states share a common language and culture with...natural gas customer . Perhaps in an attempt to diversify gas export routes, President Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov signaled in 2007 that Turkmenistan

  18. Alex Miller, Knesseti liige : Iisrael mõtleb oma kodanikele / Alex Miller ; interv. Ivar Soopan

    Miller, Alex

    2007-01-01

    Iisraeli parlamendiliikme sõnul ei ole läbirääkimised Palestiinaga vastuvõetavad, kui valitsuses on Hamas. Iisraeli-Palestiina konflikt ei ole tema sõnul mitte territoriaalprobleem, vaid tsivilisatsioonidevaheline konflikt. Parlamendiliige vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad Palestiinale kuuluva 600 miljoni dollari maksuraha kinnihoidmist ning 40 Palestiina parlamendiliikme vangistamist, samuti Liibanoni ründamist eelmisel aastal

  19. Beyond al-Qaeda. Part 1. The Global Jihadist Movement

    2006-01-01

    the Tokyo subway in March 1995, was able to fashion a crude chemical weapon, but failed to fabricate a biological device, despite substantial...in Morocco, terrorist lead- ers with al-Qaeda connections who trained in Afghanistan were the organizers. One major change in these “ franchised ...from Eurasia. Hamas and its offshoot, the Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ), provided shelter, food , and training. From Saudi Arabia and Yemen, Saudi

  20. Comparing the Efficacy of 8 Weeks Treatment of Cipram® and its Generic Citalopram in Patients With Mixed Anxiety-Depressive Disorder.

    Khoonsari, Hasan; Oghazian, Mohammad Bagher; Kargar, Mona; Moin, Mahdiyeh; Khalili, Hossein; Alimadadi, Abbas; Torkamandi, Hassan; Ghaeli, Padideh

    2015-06-01

    Patients with mixed anxiety-depressive disorder (MADD) suffer both anxiety and depression. Antidepressants, especially, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors are among agents of choice for treating this condition. This study compared the efficacy of Cipram® with its generic, citalopram. Forty adult outpatients (between 18 to 55 years of age) with a diagnosis of MADD who met the trial criteria, entered this double-blind, randomized study. Subjects were assigned to receive either generic citalopram or Cipram® for 8 weeks. Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAM-D) and Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety (HAM-A) were utilized to assess depression and anxiety at baseline, weeks 4 and 8 of the study. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 14.0. Twenty patients received citalopram (mean dosages of 22 mg/day during the first 4 weeks and 33 mg/day during weeks 4 to 8) and 20 received Cipram® (mean dosages of 22 mg/day during the first 4 weeks and 29 mg/day during weeks 4 to 8). Both treatments were noted to be effective in improving the symptoms of MADD at weeks 4 and 8. The mean differences of HAM-D and HAM-A between Citalopram and Cipram® groups were significantly different at the end of week 4 (HAM-D: P = 0.038, HAM-A: P = 0.025), but not at the end of week 8 (HAM-D: P = 0.239, HAM-A: P = 0.204). Both medications were tolerated well by the patients. This study suggests that the efficacy of citalopram is similar to that of Cipram® in the treatment of MADD after 8 weeks. Meanwhile, Cipram® may reduce depression and anxiety quicker than its generic, citalopram.

  1. Hypercortisolemia is associated with severity of bone loss and depression in hypothalamic amenorrhea and anorexia nervosa.

    Lawson, Elizabeth A; Donoho, Daniel; Miller, Karen K; Misra, Madhusmita; Meenaghan, Erinne; Lydecker, Janet; Wexler, Tamara; Herzog, David B; Klibanski, Anne

    2009-12-01

    Anorexia nervosa (AN) and functional hypothalamic amenorrhea (HA) are associated with low bone density, anxiety, and depression. Women with AN and HA have elevated cortisol levels. Significant hypercortisolemia, as in Cushing's disease, causes bone loss. It is unknown whether anxiety and depression and/or cortisol dysregulation contribute to low bone density in AN or HA. Our objective was to investigate whether hypercortisolemia is associated with bone loss and mood disturbance in women with HA and AN. We conducted a cross-sectional study in a clinical research center. We studied 52 women [21 healthy controls (HC), 13 normal-weight women with functional HA, and 18 amenorrheic women with AN]. Serum samples were measured every 20 min for 12 h overnight and pooled for average cortisol levels. Bone mineral density (BMD) was assessed by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) at anteroposterior and lateral spine and hip. Hamilton Rating Scales for Anxiety (HAM-A) and Depression (HAM-D) were administered. BMD was lower in AN and HA than HC at all sites and lower in AN than HA at the spine. On the HAM-D and HAM-A, AN scored higher than HA, and HA scored higher than HC. Cortisol levels were highest in AN, intermediate in HA, and lowest in HC. HAM-A and HAM-D scores were associated with decreased BMD. Cortisol levels were positively associated with HAM-A and HAM-D scores and negatively associated with BMD. Hypercortisolemia is a potential mediator of bone loss and mood disturbance in these disorders.

  2. A control study on treatment for benzodiazepine dependence with trazodone

    ZHANG Hong-ju

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Objective To determine the efficacy and safety of trazodone in the treatment of benzodiazepine dependence. Methods Forty insomnia patients who met the Classification and Diagnostic Criteria of Mental Disorders in China Third Edition (CCMD-3 of dependence syndrome due to benzodiazepine were involved in the study. Patients were randomly assigned to trazodone group and placebo group for 3 months. The efficacy were assessed by Withdrawal Symptoms Checklist, Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAMA and polysomnography (PSG. Adverse events were assessed by Treatment Emergent Symptom Scale (TESS. Results The Withdrawal Symptoms Checklist of trazodone group was significantly lower after 7 d treatment than that of placebo group (P = 0.000, and HAMA score of the trazodone group was also significantly lower after 15 d treatment than that of placebo group (P = 0.000. There were no difference in Withdrawal Symptoms Checklist and HAMA of placebo group before and after treatment. Withdrawal Symptoms Checklist and HAMA of the trazodone group were decreased after treatment (P = 0.000. In comparison with placebo group, sleep parameters of the trazodone, including total sleep time (TST, sleep efficiency (SE, sleep latency (SL and slow wave sleep (SWS time presented improvement after 7 d treatment (P = 0.000, for all. After trazodone treatment, total sleep time, slow wave sleep time, sleep efficiency and sleep latency were improved (P = 0.000, for all. No obvious adverse reaction occurred. There were no significant differences in TESS scores between pre? and post?treatment in both groups (P > 0.05. Conclusion Trazodone is markedly effective and safe in the treatment for benzodiazepine dependence.

  3. Balneotherapy versus paroxetine in the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder.

    Dubois, Olivier; Salamon, Roger; Germain, Christine; Poirier, Marie-France; Vaugeois, Christiane; Banwarth, Bernard; Mouaffak, Fayçal; Galinowski, André; Olié, Jean Pierre

    2010-02-01

    Preliminary studies have suggested that balneotherapy (BT) is an effective and well-tolerated treatment for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and psychotropic medication withdrawal syndrome. We carried out a study in 4 spa resorts to assess the efficacy of BT in GAD. We compared BT to paroxetine in terms of efficacy and safety in a randomized multicentre study lasting 8 weeks. Patients meeting the diagnostic criteria of GAD (DSM-IV) were recruited. Assessments were conducted using the Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety (HAM-A) and other scales, by a specifically trained and independent physician. The primary outcome measure was the change in the total HAM-A score between baseline and week 8. A total of 237 outpatients were enrolled in four centres; 117 were assigned randomly to BT and 120 to paroxetine. The mean change in HAM-A scores showed an improvement in both groups with a significant advantage of BT compared to paroxetine (-12.0 vs -8.7; p<0.001). Remission and sustained response rates were also significantly higher in the BT group (respectively 19% vs 7% and 51% vs 28%). BT is an interesting way of treating GAD. Due to its safety profile it could also be tested in resistant forms of generalized anxiety and in patients who do not tolerate or are reluctant to use pharmacotherapies. Copyright 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. [Effect analysis on Deanxit combined with Shuganjieyu capsule in the treatment of refractory gastroesophageal reflux disease].

    Yang, X Y; Guo, C Y; Zhang, X; Zhong, Y Q; Tian, C

    2017-11-28

    Objective: To investigate the curative effect of Deanxit combined with Shuganjieyu capsule on the treatment of refractory gastroesophageal reflux disease. Methods: A total of 125 patients with refractory gastroesophageal reflux disease who had failed in standard lansolazole capsule treatment in the Department of Gastroenterology, First People's Hospital of Neijiang were selected. According to the symptom scores and mood scores of gastroesophageal reflux disease, patients were randomly and double-blindly divided into five groups. Group A(Lansoprazole Capsules + Mosapride Citrate + Deanxit), B(Lansoprazole Capsules + Mosapride Citrate + Shuganjieyu capsule), C(Lansoprazole Capsules + Mosapride Citrate+ Deanxit + Shuganjieyu capsule) and D(Deanxit) groups are study groups, the other was control group (Lansoprazole Capsules + Mosapride Citrate). The scores of symptoms and mood were compared after 4 weeks and 8 weeks of treatment. Results: The clinical symptoms score, HAMA and HAMD scores were significantly lower in the all study groups in comparison to the control group after 4 weeks and 8 weeks therapy. The clinical symptoms score, HAMA and HAMD scores in group C were significantly lower than those in group A and B ( P 0.05). The HAMA and HAMD scores of group D were significantly higher than those of group A, B, C and control group, and the differences were statistically significant ( P gastroesophageal reflux disease, which can effectively improve the total treatment efficiency, reduce the symptom scores and mood scores of gastroesophageal reflux disease patients.

  5. Associations Among Plasma Stress Markers and Symptoms of Anxiety and Depression in Patients with Breast Cancer Following Surgery

    Ju, Hyun-Bin; Kang, Eun-Chan; Jeon, Dong-Wook; Kim, Tae-Hyun; Moon, Jung-Joon; Kim, Sung-Jin; Choi, Ji-Min; Jung, Do-Un

    2018-01-01

    Objective The objective of present study is to analyze the prevalence of depression and anxiety following breast cancer surgery and to assess the factors that affect postoperative psychological symptoms. Methods The Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAM-D), Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A), Body Image Scale (BIS), and Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale (RSES) were used to assess the psychological states of patients who had been diagnosed with and had undergone surgery for breast cancer. Blood concentrations of the stress markers adrenocorticotropic hormone, cortisol, arginine-vasopressin, and angiotensin-converting enzyme were measured. Pearson’s correlation analysis and multilinear regression analysis were used to analyse the data. Results At least mild depressive symptoms were noted in 50.5% of patients, while 42.4% of patients exhibited at least mild anxiety symptoms. HAM-D score was positively correlated with HAM-A (r=0.83, p<0.001) and BIS (r=0.29, p<0.001) scores and negatively correlated with RSES score (r=-0.41, p<0.001). HAM-A score was positively correlated with BIS score (r=0.32, p<0.001) and negatively correlated with RSES score (r=-0.27, p<0.001). There were no statistically significant associations between stress markers and depression/anxiety. Conclusion Patients with breast cancer frequently exhibit postoperative depression and anxiety, which are related to low levels of self-esteem and distorted body image. PMID:29475233

  6. Evaluation of the effect of Spiritual care on patients with generalized anxiety and depression: a randomized controlled study.

    Sankhe, A; Dalal, K; Save, D; Sarve, P

    2017-12-01

    The present study was conducted to assess the effect of spiritual care in patients with depression, anxiety or both in a randomized controlled design. The participants were randomized either to receive spiritual care or not and Hamilton anxiety rating scale-A (HAM-A), Hamilton depression rating scale-D (HAM-D), WHO-quality of life-Brief (WHOQOL-BREF) and Functional assessment of chronic illness therapy - Spiritual well-being (FACIT-Sp) were assessed before therapy and two follow-ups at 3 and 6 week. However, with regard to the spiritual care therapy group, statistically significant differences were observed in both HAM-A and HAM-D scales between the baseline and visit 2 (p scales during the follow-up periods for the control group of participants. When the scores were compared between the study groups, HAM-A, HAM-D and FACIT-Sp 12 scores were significantly lower in the interventional group as compared to the control group at both third and sixth weeks. This suggests a significant improvement in symptoms of anxiety and depression in the spiritual care therapy group than the control group; however, large randomized controlled trials with robust design are needed to confirm the same.

  7. Amyloid-β oligomer detection by ELISA in cerebrospinal fluid and brain tissue.

    Bruggink, Kim A; Jongbloed, Wesley; Biemans, Elisanne A L M; Veerhuis, Rob; Claassen, Jurgen A H R; Kuiperij, H Bea; Verbeek, Marcel M

    2013-02-15

    Amyloid-β (Aβ) deposits are important pathological hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Aβ aggregates into fibrils; however, the intermediate oligomers are believed to be the most neurotoxic species and, therefore, are of great interest as potential biomarkers. Here, we have developed an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) specific for Aβ oligomers by using the same capture and (labeled) detection antibody. The ELISA predominantly recognizes relatively small oligomers (10-25 kDa) and not monomers. In brain tissue of APP/PS1 transgenic mice, we found that Aβ oligomer levels increase with age. However, for measurements in human samples, pretreatment to remove human anti-mouse antibodies (HAMAs) was required. In HAMA-depleted human hippocampal extracts, the Aβ oligomer concentration was significantly increased in AD compared with nondemented controls. Aβ oligomer levels could also be quantified in pretreated cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples; however, no difference was detected between AD and control groups. Our data suggest that levels of small oligomers might not be suitable as biomarkers for AD. In addition, we demonstrate the importance of avoiding HAMA interference in assays to quantify Aβ oligomers in human body fluids. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Clinical Studies on Treatment of Earthquake-Caused Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Using Electroacupuncture

    Yu Wang

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of electroacupuncture in 138 patients with earthquake-caused PTSD using Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs. 138 cases enrolled were randomly assigned to an electro-acupuncture group and a paroxetine group. The electro-acupuncture group was treated by scalp electro-acupuncture on Baihui (GV 20, Sishencong (EX-HN 1, Shenting (GV 24, and Fengchi (GB 20, and the paroxetine group was treated with simple oral administration of paroxetine. The efficacy and safety of the electro-acupuncture on treatment of 69 PTSD patients were evaluated using Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS, Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD, Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA, and Treatment Emergent Symptom Scale (TESS according to clinical data. The total scores of CAPS, HAMD, and HAMA in the two groups after treatment showed significant efficacy compared to those before treatment. The comparison of reduction in the scores of CAPS, HAMD, and HAMA between the two groups suggested that the efficacy in the treated group was better than that in the paroxetine group. The present study suggested that the electro-acupuncture and paroxetine groups have significant changes in test PTSD, but the electro-acupuncture 2 group was more significant.

  9. Imipramine for vestibular dysfunction in panic disorder: a prospective case series

    Marco Andre Mezzasalma

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and effectiveness of imipramine on the treatment of comorbid chronic dizziness and panic disorder. METHOD: Nine patients with panic disorder and agoraphobia associated with chronic dizziness underwent otoneurological screening and were treated with a 3-months course of imipramine. Anxiety levels were measured with the Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAM-A, dizziness levels were evaluated using the Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI, and panic severity and treatment outcome were assessed with the Clinical Global Impression Scale (CGI. RESULTS: At the baseline 33.3% (n=3 had a bilateral peripheral deficit vestibulopathy, the mean scores for HAM-A were 27.2±10.4, for DHI were 51.7±22.7, and for CGI-S were 4.8±0.9. All patients had a significant reduction in their HAM-A (11.1±5.5, p=0.008, DHI (11.5±8.1, p=0.008 and CGI-I (1.8±0.7, p=0.011 levels after 3-months imipramine treatment (mean=72.2±23.2 mg/day. CONCLUSION: This study found a decrease in anxiety levels and in the impact of dizziness in the patients' quality of life after a 3-months treatment course with imipramine.

  10. Anxiety symptoms in crack cocaine and inhalant users admitted to a psychiatric hospital in southern Brazil.

    Zubaran, Carlos; Foresti, Katia; Thorell, Mariana Rossi; Franceschini, Paulo Roberto

    2013-01-01

    The occurrence of psychiatric comorbidity among individuals with crack or inhalant dependence is frequently observed. The objective of this study was to investigate anxiety symptoms among crack cocaine and inhalant users in southern Brazil. The study investigated two groups of volunteers of equal size (n=50): one group consisted of crack cocaine users, and the other group consisted of inhalant users. Research volunteers completed the Portuguese versions of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A), and Self-Report Questionnaire (SRQ). Both crack and inhalant users experience significant symptoms of anxiety. Inhalant users presented significantly more anxiety symptoms than crack users according to the HAM-A questionnaire only. In contrast to the results of the HAM-A, the STAI failed to demonstrate a significant difference between the two groups of substance users. SRQ scores revealed that crack and inhalants users had significant degrees of morbidity. A significant difference regarding anxiety symptomatology, especially state anxiety, was observed among inhalant and crack users. Anxiety and overall mental psychopathology were significantly correlated in this sample. The results indicate that screening initiatives to detect anxiety and additional psychiatric comorbidities among crack and inhalant users are feasible and relevant. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.

  11. MEKANISME IDEAL PENYELESAIAN SENGKETA ADAT SESUAI DENGAN KONSEP KEKINIAN

    i wayan arta ariawan

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Based on the data from Bali Regional Police (2014 appear that a lot of custom disputes unfinished effectively thus create some question : (1 what is the factor that influencing effectiveness of solving custom dispute? How is an ideal mechanism for solving custom dispute in Bali according to the contemporary concept? That question is becoming a problem in this script. Since the problem reviewed normatively, indentified some factors that influencing not effectively solving custom dispute, there are (a law factor that not sufficient yet. (b law implementer factor with a weak skill and quality in solving the custom dispute.; (c the supporting of tool and facility factor is not sufficient yet; and (d society factor who is ignoring the values of custom law; (e value of society cultures that start shifting, leaving togetherness and glorifying individualistic. About an ideal mechanism for solving accustom dispute in Bali according to contemporary concept, result of the solution conclude that the most accurate of solving custom dispute through internal mechanism based on local wisdom. But, if an internal mechanism failed, then solving of custom dispute can do by using an external mechanism, that is solving of custom dispute which doing by Government with forward an exist custom regulation and /or social regulation and the existence of all is recognized. In the case of this mechanism failed, then conflict solution done by the unit of solving social conflict task that established by government. Disahkannya Undang-Undang RI Nomor 7 Tahun 2012 tentang Penanganan konflik sosial, adalah sebagai upaya pemerintah dalam  rangka menyelesaikan  sengketa adat secara  terpadu dan terintegrasi dalam wadah satuan tugas terpadu. Namun, hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tim terpadu belum berperan maksimal dalam penyelesaian sengketa adat di Bali. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode penelitian hukum empiris bersifat deskriptif.  Jenis data primer  dan data sekunder

  12. Identifikasi Sistim Peternakan di Manokwari, Papua Barat-Indonesia

    D. A. Iyai

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Pembangunan peternakan yang moderen membutuhkan kejelasan dan ketegasan batasan, corak dan dinamika produksinya. Penelitian eksploratif dengan metode survei melalui pendekatan Participative Rural Appraisal selama satu bulan dilakukan untuk mencatat sumberdaya yang dimiliki oleh para peternak berdasarkan kawasan agro-ekologi di Manokwari, yang meliputi Manokwari Utara, Manokwari Selatan, Warmare, Prafi, Masni, Oransbari, Ransiki, Anggi dan Minyambouw. Karakteristik agroekologi dibuat dengan software Microsoft Office VISIO. Matriks sederhana digunakan untuk pengelompokan kriteria komoditi ternak, komoditi pertanian, dan komoditi perikanan dan indikator BioFisik. Sistim peternakan terpadu yang dapat diidentifikasi pada wilayah agroekologi pesisir adalah sistim peternakan sapi berbasis tanaman kelapa (cocobeef dan tanaman pertanian (crops livestock farming system serta backyard poultry farming system. Pada daerah dataran rendah sistim yang dikembangkan adalah cattle-palm farming system, pig palm farming system, goat faming system, poultry farming system dan Crops livestock farming system. Pada kawasan Agroekologi Dataran Tinggi, Crop Pig Farming System, Poultry Farming System dan Backyard Cattle farming system sudah dikembangkan.

  13. Geriatric Medicine, Sarkopenia, Frailty, dan Kualitas Hidup Pasien Usia Lanjut: Tantangan Masa Depan Pendidikan, Penelitian dan Pelayanan Kedokteran di Indonesia

    Siti Setiati

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Geriatri adalah cabang ilmu kedokteran dengan fokus pada penuaan dini dan tatalaksana penyakit terkaitusia lanjut. Proses menua mengakibatkan penurunan fungsi sistem organ seperti sistem sensorik, sarafpusat, pencernaan, kardiovaskular, dan sistem respirasi. Selain itu terjadi pula perubahan komposisitubuh, yaitu penurunan massa otot, peningkatan massa dan sentralisasi lemak, serta peningkatanlemak intramuscular. Masalah yang sering dijumpai pada pasien geriatri adalah sindrom geriatri yangmeliputi: imobilisasi, instabilitas, inkontinensia, insomnia, depresi, infeksi, defisiensi imun, gangguanpendengaran dan penglihatan, gangguan intelektual, kolon irritable, impecunity, dan impotensi. Dimasa yang akan datang diperlukan tempat rawat jalan terpadu dan perawatan kasus akut geriatri dirumah sakit di seluruh Indonesia. Program lainnya adalah nutrisi usia lanjut, tempat istirahat sementara,layanan psiko-geriatri dan dementia care, dukungan care giver, pencegahan penyakit kronis dankonseling, serta menyiapkan moda transportasi yang sesuai.Kata kunci: geriatri, kedokteran, penurunan fungsi, sindrom geriatri.

  14. PENGARUH FRAKSI VOLUME PENGUAT TERHADAP KEKUATAN LENTUR GREEN COMPOSITE UNTUK APLIKASI PADA BODI KENDARAAN

    Mastariyanto Perdana

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Composites are one of material be used in engineering field. This is due the composites has light weight and relatively strong properties. The synthesis fiber-based composites reduces to obtain environmental friendly properties. This research use hybrid fiber which consist of calcium carbonate (CaCO3 powder and bagasse fiber. Matrix used is resin polyester. Variation of volume fraction between bagasse and calcium carbonate powder are 10:20, 15:15 and 20:10 respectively. Volume fraction of hybrid fiber and polyester is 30:70. This study aims to determine mechanical properties of hybrid composites for each variation of volume fraction. Test results showed. Bending strength of bagasse-based hybrid composites and powder of calcium carbonate with a variation of volume fraction of 10%: 20%, 15%: 15% and 20%: 10% are 53.77 MPa, 54.90 MPa and 59.76 MPa. Hybrid composites with volume fraction 20% bagasse and 10% calcium carbonate powder has highest of bending strength. Green composite based bagasse and calcium carbonate powder can use on application of vehicle body.Komposit merupakan salah satu material yang banyak digunakan pada bidang keteknikan. Ini dikarenakan komposit memiliki sifat ringan dan relatif kuat. Untuk mendapakatkan sifat yang ramah lingkungan, penggunaan komposit yang berbasis serat sintesis dikurangi penggunaannya. Penelitian ini menggunakan serat hibrid yaitu penggabungan antara serbuk kalsium karbonat (CaCO3 dan serat ampas tebu (bagasse. Matrix yang digunakan adalah resin polyester.Variasi fraksi volume antara bagasse dan serbuk kalsium karbonat masing-masing adalah 10:20, 15:15 dan 20:10. Fraksi volume antara serat hibrid dan resin polyester adalah 30:70. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui sifat mekanik dari komposit hibrid berbasis bagasse dan serbuk kalsium karbonat untuk masing-masing variasi fraksi volume. Hasil pengujian menunjukkan bahwakekuatan bending tertinggi komposit hibrid berbasis bagasse dan serbuk kalsium

  15. Association between Aquilaria distribution, geographic characteristics, edaphic factors and water availability in natural tropical rainforest

    Shyful Azizi Abdul Rahman; Khairuddin Abdul Rahim; Ahsanulkhaliqin Abdul Wahab; Mohd Fajri Osman; Chong Saw Peng

    2006-01-01

    Oud or gaharu is a fragrant resin produced from Aquilaria trees as a response to injury, wounding and/or a fungal infection. Proliferation of Aquilaria under plantation system is essential to ensure continuous supply of gaharu. Even though the plantation of Aquilaria is aggressively conducted nowadays, there are still lack of details information and knowledge in terms of plant agronomy and oleoresin production. Understanding of plant, soil, water and environment relationship in natural habitat is important in order to provide guidelines and strategies for growers to adopt new agroforestry approaches that can lead to the best management practices for Aquilaria plantation. A study on soil physical and chemical characteristics, topographic condition, soil moisture and climate has been carried out to investigate the plant distribution pattern and resin production potential of 178 stand of Aquilaria in MINT Tech-Park tertiary forest and Gunung Tebu Forest Reserve. Result show that Aquilaria distributions concentrate at slope areas of gradient between 10 degrees to 15 degrees, the soil type is the stony low fertility sandy loam to sandy clay and this area receives a high density of rainfall which is more than 2500 mm/year. For the potential of resin production analysis, slope with high gradient show a significant potential of resin production probably due to the plant stress condition factors

  16. Phylogenetic relationships of geckos of the Hemiphyllodactylus harterti group, a new species from Penang Island, Peninsular Malaysia, and a likely case of true cryptic speciation.

    Cobos, Anthony; Grismer, L Lee; Wood, Perry L; Quah, Evan S H; Anuar, Shahrul; Muin, Mohd Abdul

    2016-05-03

    An integrative taxonomic analysis based on the mitochondrial gene ND2 and its flanking tRNAs, morphology, and color pattern indicates that a newly discovered gecko described herein as Hemiphyllodactylus cicak sp. nov. from Penang Hill on the Island of Penang, Peninsular Malaysia is a member of the H. harterti group. Hemiphyllodactylus cicak sp. nov. is most closely related to the clade composed of the sister species H. harterti from Bukit Larut, Perak in the Bintang Mountain Range and H. bintik from Gunung Tebu, Terengganu from the Timur Mountain Range. These three allopatric species form a monophyletic group that extends approximately 270 km across three isolated mountain ranges in northern Peninsular Malaysia. The molecular analysis also indicates that H. titiwangsaensis from the Titiwangsa Mountain Range is composed of three genetically distinct allopatric populations. The southern two populations from Fraser's Hill and Genting Highlands, Pahang have an uncorrected pairwise sequence divergence of 3.5% whereas these two populations have 12.4 and 12.8 % sequence divergences, respectively, from the northern population at Cameron Highlands, Pahang. Although the high sequence divergence clearly distinguishes the southern two populations from the former as a different species, all three populations are morphologically indistinguishable, leading to the hypothesis of a true, cryptic speciation event.

  17. Running for extinction? Aerobic exercise as an augmentation of exposure therapy in panic disorder with agoraphobia.

    Bischoff, Sophie; Wieder, Gesine; Einsle, Franziska; Petzold, Moritz B; Janßen, Christiane; Mumm, Jennifer L M; Wittchen, Hans-Ulrich; Fydrich, Thomas; Plag, Jens; Ströhle, Andreas

    2018-06-01

    Exposure-based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (eb-CBT) represents the most evidence-based psychotherapeutic approach in anxiety disorders. However, its efficacy may be limited by a delay in onset of action and a substantial number of patients does not respond sufficiently to treatment. In this context, aerobic exercise was found to be effective in reducing clinical anxiety as well as to improve (elements of) disorder-specific CBT in some mental disorders. We therefore investigated the effect of aerobic exercise supplementary to an eb-CBT in panic disorder and agoraphobia (PD/AG). 77 patients with PD/AG performed a 30 min treadmill task with moderate or low intensity (70% or 30% of the maximal oxygen uptake [VO 2max ]) prior to five exposure sessions within a standardized seven-week CBT. At baseline, after completing the treatment period (post) and six month after post (follow-up), several measures of (un)specific psychopathology (Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale [Ham-A], Mobility Inventory [MI], Panic and Agoraphobia Scale [PAS], Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire [ACQ], Body Sensations Questionnaire [BSQ]) were established to assess for clinical changes. All patients experienced a significant improvement of symptoms from baseline to post (for all measures p < .001) but repeated-measures analyses of variance found a trend towards a significant time × group interaction in the Ham-A in favor for the moderate intense exercise group (f[1, 74] = 4.15, p = .045, α=.025). This trend, however, disappeared at follow-up since the low-intense exercise group further improved significantly in Ham-A after post. Our findings therefore might point to an accelerating effect of moderate-intense exercise within an exposure-based CBT for AG/PD. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Silexan, an orally administered Lavandula oil preparation, is effective in the treatment of 'subsyndromal' anxiety disorder: a randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled trial.

    Kasper, Siegfried; Gastpar, Markus; Müller, Walter E; Volz, Hans-Peter; Möller, Hans-Jürgen; Dienel, Angelika; Schläfke, Sandra

    2010-09-01

    This study was performed to investigate the anxiolytic efficacy of silexan, a new oral lavender oil capsule preparation, in comparison to placebo in primary care. In 27 general and psychiatric practices 221 adults suffering from anxiety disorder not otherwise specified (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental disorders-IV 300.00 or International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth revision F41.9) were randomized to 80 mg/day of a defined, orally administered preparation from Lavandula species or placebo for 10 weeks with visits every 2 weeks. A Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) total score >or=18 and a total score >5 for the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) were required. The primary outcome measures were HAMA and PSQI total score decrease between baseline and week 10. Secondary efficacy measures included the Clinical Global Impressions scale, the Zung Self-rating Anxiety Scale, and the SF-36 Health Survey Questionnaire. Patients treated with silexan showed a total score decrease by 16.0+/-8.3 points (mean+/-SD, 59.3%) for the HAMA and by 5.5+/-4.4 points (44.7%) for the PSQI compared to 9.5+/-9.1 (35.4%) and 3.8+/-4.1 points (30.9%) in the placebo group (PLavandula oil preparation had a significant beneficial influence on quality and duration of sleep and improved general mental and physical health without causing any unwanted sedative or other drug specific effects. Lavandula oil preparation silexan is both efficacious and safe for the relief of anxiety disorder not otherwise specified. It has a clinically meaningful anxiolytic effect and alleviates anxiety related disturbed sleep.

  19. Uji Efektifitas Beberapa Konsentrasi Larutan Daun Kirinyuh (Choromolaena odorata (L. King & Robinson Terhadap Ulat Tritip (Plutella xylostella L Pada Tanaman Kubis (Brassica oleraceae var. capitata Di Laboratorium

    Firdaus Firdaus

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Ulat tritip, Plutella xylostella, merupakan hama cosmopolitan yang memiliki kecendrungan tinggi untuk resisten terhadap insektisida konvensional.  Oleh karenanya perlu terus dikaji bahan alternative yang berpotensi insektisidal untuk hama ini.  Kirinyuh, Chromolaena odorata, merupakan gulma invasive yang memiliki kandungan senyawa dengan  potensi insektisidal.   Penelitian ini  telah dilaksanakan di Laboratorium Hama dan Penyakit Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Islam Riau, Jalan Kaharudin Nasution, Kelurahan Simpang Tiga, Kecamatan Bukit Raya, Pekanbaru KM 11; dengan tujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh interaksi konsentrasi filtrate daun kirinyuh dengan dua cara aplikasi (metoda tetes/topical dan metoda celup daun/pakan. Rancangan yang digunakan adalah rancangan acak lengkap ( RAL faktorial, dimana faktor pertama adalah berbagai tingkat konsentrasi larutan daun kirinyuh ( D terdiri dari 5 taraf perlakuan yaitu : kontrol, 150 gr/liter air, 300 gr/liter air, 450 gr/liter air dan 600 gr/liter air dan faktor kedua adalah cara aplikasi ( A yang terdiri dari 2 taraf perlakuan dimana  cara pertama yaitu larutan yang ditetesi secara topikal ketubuh larva dan bahan makan larva yang dicelupkan kedalam larutan. Parameter yang diamati dalam penelitian ini adalah : persentase mortalitas larva Plutella xylostella, persentase larva menjadi pupa, persentase pupa menjadi imago dan dampak perlakuan terhadap progeni.Dari hasil pengamatan menunjukkan bahwa pemberian berbagai tingkat konsentrasi filtrat kirinyuh dan cara aplikasi larutan daun kirinyuh secara interaksi berpengaruh secara nyata terhadap parameter pengamatan persentase mortalitas larva, persentase larva menjadi pupa, dan persentase pupa menjadi imago. Kombinasi perlakuan terbaik yaitu pada konsentrasi tertinggi yang di uji 600 g bahan per liter air dan metode celup daun.  Sedangkan perlakuan utama tingkat konsentrasi larutan kirinyuh berpengaruh nyata terhadap seluruh parameter pengamatan. Pengaruh

  20. A comparison of low-dose risperidone to paroxetine in the treatment of panic attacks: a randomized, single-blind study

    Galynker Igor I

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Because a large proportion of patients with panic attacks receiving approved pharmacotherapy do not respond or respond poorly to medication, it is important to identify additional therapeutic strategies for the management of panic symptoms. This article describes a randomized, rater-blind study comparing low-dose risperidone to standard-of-care paroxetine for the treatment of panic attacks. Methods Fifty six subjects with a history of panic attacks were randomized to receive either risperidone or paroxetine. The subjects were then followed for eight weeks. Outcome measures included the Panic Disorder Severity Scale (PDSS, the Hamilton Anxiety Scale (Ham-A, the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (Ham-D, the Sheehan Panic Anxiety Scale-Patient (SPAS-P, and the Clinical Global Impression scale (CGI. Results All subjects demonstrated a reduction in both the frequency and severity of panic attacks regardless of treatment received. Statistically significant improvements in rating scale scores for both groups were identified for the PDSS, the Ham-A, the Ham-D, and the CGI. There was no difference between treatment groups in the improvement in scores on the measures PDSS, Ham-A, Ham-D, and CGI. Post hoc tests suggest that subjects receiving risperidone may have a quicker clinical response than subjects receiving paroxetine. Conclusion We can identify no difference in the efficacy of paroxetine and low-dose risperidone in the treatment of panic attacks. Low-dose risperidone appears to be tolerated equally well as paroxetine. Low-dose risperidone may be an effective treatment for anxiety disorders in which panic attacks are a significant component. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT100457106

  1. Severity of anxiety- but not depression- is associated with oxidative stress in Major Depressive Disorder.

    Steenkamp, Lisa R; Hough, Christina M; Reus, Victor I; Jain, Felipe A; Epel, Elissa S; James, S Jill; Morford, Alexandra E; Mellon, Synthia H; Wolkowitz, Owen M; Lindqvist, Daniel

    2017-09-01

    Oxidative stress is implicated in both depression and anxiety, but it is currently unclear whether this relates to syndromal diagnoses or trans-diagnostic dimensional symptoms. We examined the relationship between oxidative stress and severity of depression and anxiety symptoms in individuals with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). Plasma oxidative stress markers F2-isoprostanes and oxidized glutathione (GSSG), and the antioxidant reduced glutathione (GSH), were assessed in 69 physically healthy, medication-free MDD subjects. Symptoms of anxiety and depression were assessed using the Hamilton Anxiety (HAM-A) and Hamilton Depression (HAM-D) Rating Scales. Total HAM-A and HAM-D scores, along with "core" anxiety and depression subscales, and individual HAM-D items "psychic anxiety" and "depressed mood," were related to oxidative stress markers. Analyses controlled for age, sex, BMI, and smoking. Total HAM-A ratings were positively associated with F2-isoprostanes (β=.26, p=.042) and GSSG (β=.25, p=.049), but not GSH (β=.05, p=.711). Core anxiety severity was positively associated with F2-isoprostanes (β=.34, p=.012) and GSSG, although this did not reach significance (β=.24, p=.074). None of the biological markers were significantly associated with total HAM-D or core depression ratings (all p>.13). Subjects scoring high on "psychic anxiety" had elevated F2-isoprostanes (p=.030) and GSSG (p=.020). This was not seen with "depressed mood" scores (all p>.12). We assessed peripheral oxidative markers, but their relationship to the brain is unclear. Oxidative stress is more closely related to anxiety than depression symptoms in MDD. This highlights the importance of relating oxidative stress to specific symptoms and could provide new insights into the biological correlates of affective disorders. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  2. Kanegelo ya Nimirode: Re lebelela diphihlelelo t�a gagwe ka lefsa

    Elelwani B. Farisani

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Kanegelo ya Hama/Nimirode e �omi�it�we go gatelela Bathobaso ba Afrika-Borwa le ba Amerika. Taodi�wana ye e lekola Nimirode ka lefsa le go t�ea magato a go bu�et�a seriti sa gagwe le sa Bathobaso sekeng.Seo se tlo dirwa ka dikgato t�e tlhano ka mo tlase. Sa mathomo, re tlo lekola dimelo t�a bana ba Noage, go kwe�i�a Nimirode, yo e lego yena �edi ye kgolo ya taodi�wana ye. Sa bobedi re tlo lebelela ka fao bangwadi ba bangwe ba t�welet�ago seswant�ho sa go befa sa Nimirode. Sa boraro, re tlo sekaseka tiri�o ya kanegelo ya Hama/Nimirode go gatelela le go dira Bathobaso makgoba. Sa bone, re tlo sekaseka diphihlelelo le dikatlego t�a Nimirode. Mo re tlo tsepelela diphihlelelo t�a gagwe t�e tharo t�e kgolo bjalo ka go ba mmu�i wa maemo, motsomi yo maatla le moagi. Nepo ya karolo ye ke go ganet�ana le tshekatsheko ya go se be botse ye e nepilwego Nimirode nakong ya go feta. Re tlo tlalelet�a ka go fa tshekatsheko ye e tebilego ya thogako godimo ga Hama/Ku�e/Nimirode. Sa bohlano, ebile e le sa mafelelo, re tlo t�welet�a nyanyeng bohlokwa bja kanegelo ya Nimirode go bao ba bego ba gatelet�we le go ba makgoba ka baka la temana ye. Re tlo nepi�a Afrika-Borwa.

  3. A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Pilot Study of Quetiapine-XR Monotherapy or Adjunctive Therapy to Antidepressant in Acute Major Depressive Disorder with Current Generalized Anxiety Disorder.

    Li, Ranran; Wu, Renrong; Chen, Jun; Kemp, David E; Ren, Ming; Conroy, Carla; Chan, Philip; Serrano, Mary Beth; Ganocy, Stephen J; Calabrese, Joseph R; Gao, Keming

    2016-03-01

    To pilot efficacy and safety data of quetiapine-XR monotherapy or adjunctive therapy to antidepressant(s) in the acute treatment of MDD with current generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). The Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview was used to ascertain the diagnosis of DSM-IV Axis I disorders. Eligible patients were randomly assigned to quetiapine-XR or placebo for up to 8 weeks. Changes from baseline to endpoint in Hamilton Depression Rating Scale-17 items (HAMD-17), Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A), Clinical Global Impression-Severity (CGI-S), Quick Inventory of Depression Symptomatology-16 items Self-Report (QIDS-16-SR) total scores, and other outcome measures were analyzed with the last observation carried forward strategy and/or mixed-effects modeling for repeated measures. Of the 34 patients screened, 23 patients were randomized to receive quetiapine-XR (n = 11) or placebo (n = 12), with 5 and 4 completing the study, respectively. The mean dose of quetiapine-XR was 154 ± 91 mg/d. The change from baseline to endpoint in the total scores of HAMD-17, HAM-A, QIDS-16-SR, and CGI-S were significant in the quetiapine-XR group, but only the change in HAM-A total score was significant in the placebo group. The differences in these changes between the two groups were only significant in CGI-S scores, with the rest of numerical larger in the quetiapine-XR group. The most common side effects from quetiapine-XR were dry mouth, somnolence/sedation, and fatigue. In this pilot study, quetiapine-XR was numerically superior to placebo in reducing depressive and anxiety symptoms in patients with MDD and current GAD. Large sample studies are warranted to support or refute these preliminary findings.

  4. Riluzole Effect on Occipital Cortex: A Structural and Spectroscopy Pilot Study

    Abdallah, Chadi G.; Coplan, Jeremy D.; Jackowski, Andrea; Sato, João R.; Mao, Xiangling; Shungu, Dikoma C.; Mathew, Sanjay J.

    2012-01-01

    Background To investigate the mechanism underlying the anxiolytic properties of riluzole, a glutamate-modulating agent, we previously studied the effect of this drug on hippocampal N-Acetylaspartate (NAA) and volume in patients with Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD). In the same cohort, we now extend our investigation to the occipital cortex, a brain region that was recently implicated in the antidepressant effect of riluzole. Methods Fourteen medication-free adult patients with GAD received 8-week of open-label riluzole. Ten healthy subjects served as a comparison group. The healthy group did not receive riluzole treatment. Both groups underwent magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy at baseline and at the end of Week 8. Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A) and Penn State Worry Questionnaire (PSWQ) were used as the primary and secondary outcome measures, respectively. Results At baseline, we found clusters of increased cortical thickness in the occipital region in GAD compared to healthy subjects. In the right hemisphere, eight weeks of treatment reduced occipital cortical thickness in the GAD group (t = 3.67, p = 0.004). In addition, the improvement in HAM-A scores was negatively correlated with post-treatment right occipital NAA (r = − 0.68, p = 0.008), and with changes in NAA levels (r = − 0.53, p = 0.051). In the left hemisphere, we found positive associations between changes in occipital cortical thickness and improvement in HAM-A (r = 0.60, p = 0.04) and PSWQ (r = 0.62, p = 0.03). Conclusion These pilot findings implicate the occipital cortex as a brain region associated with pathology and clinical improvement in GAD. In addition, the region specific effect of riluzole implies a distinct pathophysiology in the occipital cortex – compared to other, previously studied, frontolimbic brain structures. PMID:23043888

  5. A multicomponent yoga-based, breath intervention program as an adjunctive treatment in patients suffering from generalized anxiety disorder with or without comorbidities

    Martin A Katzman

    2012-01-01

    Materials and Methods: Forty-one patients were enrolled in an open-label trial of the SKY course as an adjunct to standard treatment of GAD at the START Clinic for Mood and Anxiety Disorders, a tertiary care mood and anxiety disorder clinic in Toronto. The SKY course was administered over five days (22 h total. Subjects were encouraged to practice the yoga breathing techniques at home for 20 min per day after the course and were offered group practice sessions for 2 h once a week led by certified yoga instructors. The primary outcome measure was the mean change from pre-treatment on the HAM-A scale. Psychological measures were obtained at baseline and four weeks after completing the intervention. Results:Thirty-one patients completed the program (mean age 42.6 ± 13.3 years. Among completers, significant reductions occurred in the pre- and post-intervention mean HAM-A total score (t=4.59; P<0.01 and psychic subscale (t=5.00; P≤0.01. The response rate was 73% and the remission rate 41% as measured on the HAM-A. Conclusion: The results of this small pilot trial suggest that the SKY course represents a potentially valuable adjunct to standard pharmacotherapy in patients with GAD or treatment-resistant GAD, and warrants further investigation. In particular, changes in worry and body symptoms showed significant improvements that may further our understanding of the mechanism of change in the tolerance of anxiety and worry.

  6. Sexual dysfunction and dissatisfaction in chronic hepatitis C patients

    Bruno Cópio Fábregas

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction The prevalence of sexual dysfunction (SD and dissatisfaction with sexual life (DSL in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus infection (CHC was jointly investigated via a thorough psychopathological analysis, which included dimensions such as fatigue, impulsiveness, psychiatric comorbidity, health-related quality of life (HRQL and sociodemographic and clinical characteristics. Methods Male and female CHC patients from an outpatient referral center were assessed using the Brief Fatigue Inventory, the Barrat Impulsiveness Scale, the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAM-A, and the World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale-Brief Version (WHOQOL-BREF. Structured psychiatric interviews were performed according to the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview. SD was assessed based on specific items in the BDI (item 21 and the HAM-A (item 12. DSL was assessed based on a specific question in the WHOQOL-BREF (item 21. Multivariate analysis was performed according to an ordinal linear regression model in which SD and DSL were considered as outcome variables. Results SD was reported by 60 (57.1% of the patients according to the results of the BDI and by 54 (51.4% of the patients according to the results of the HAM-A. SD was associated with older age, female gender, viral genotype 2 or 3, interferon-α use, impulsiveness, depressive symptoms, antidepressant and benzodiazepine use, and lower HRQL. DSL was reported by 34 (32.4% of the patients and was associated with depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms, antidepressant use, and lower HRQL. Conclusions The prevalence of SD and DSL in CHC patients was high and was associated with factors, such as depressive symptoms and antidepressant use. Screening and managing these conditions represent significant steps toward improving medical assistance and the HRQL of CHC patients.

  7. Iraqi Perspectives Project. Primary Source Materials for Saddam and Terrorism: Emerging Insights from Captured Iraqi Documents. Volume 2 (Redacted)

    2007-11-01

    File 12 CMPC-2004-004572 3 Volunteers for "Nusrat al-’Iraq" and "Ashbal Saddam" Courses 13 IISP -2003-00026588 3 Details on ’Far’ay Saddam and Muhammad...al- Mahdi’ Sector and Letters to the lIS 14 IISP -2003-00027 I92 3 Agreement between Iran and Hamas designating $15 million dollars a month to form a...new group called "Palestine Hizbullah" 15 IISP -2003-00027194 3 Information about the Palestinian internal situation. 16 IISP -2003-00029003 3 liS

  8. Israel - Palestine: The Geopolitics of Electricity

    Amsellem, David

    2014-01-01

    The electricity sector in the Middle-East is rarely studied, however this energy has a key role in the rivalry between Israelis and Palestinians. Indeed, the Hebrew State uses it as a tool of conquest and control in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, by giving an access to commodities to Jewish settlers. Moreover, Palestinians are strongly dependent on electricity produced by Israeli power plants, which enables Israel to pressure on the Palestinians. Yet the Palestinian electricity dependence is a critical issue for Israel's security as the Hamas, whose leadership is at stake in the region, knows how to take advantage of the situation

  9. Target injection and engagement for neutron generation at 1 Hz

    Komeda, Osamu; Mori, Yoshitaka; Nishimura, Yasuhiko

    2013-01-01

    Target injection is a key technology to realizing inertial fusion energy. Here we present the first demonstration of target injection and neutron generation. We injected more than 600 spherical deuterated polystyrene (C 8 D 8 ) bead targets during 10 minutes at 1 Hz. After the targets fell for a distance of 18 cm, we applied the synchronized laser-diode-pumped ultra-intense laser HAMA and successfully generated neutrons repeatedly. The result is a step toward fusion power and also suggests possible industrial neutron sources. (author)

  10. «…multiplicibus modulorum varietatibus sonantes…». Alcune riflessioni sulla dimensione musicale nel mondo greco e romano

    Enrico Trudu

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The profile of the sonic dimension in the classical age appear to be rather evanescent, and seems to be a lack of an autonomous instrumental dimension as well as a complete structuring of music theory. The development of a process of musical theorizing is related, starting from the fourth century BC, to the evolution of the instruments that reach its peak with the construction of the hydraulis. The idea of music indeed evolves and in Roman times it’s possible to recognize a new relationship between musical performance and audience, and the development of the idea of ensemble, summarized by the concert scene in the mosaic of Hama (Syria.

  11. Effects of transcranial direct current stimulation on pain, mood and serum endorphin level in the treatment of fibromyalgia: A double blinded, randomized clinical trial.

    Khedr, Eman M; Omran, Eman A H; Ismail, Nadia M; El-Hammady, Dina H; Goma, Samar H; Kotb, Hassan; Galal, Hannan; Osman, Ayman M; Farghaly, Hannan S M; Karim, Ahmed A; Ahmed, Gehad A

    Recent studies have shown that novel neuro-modulating techniques can have pain-relieving effects in the treatment of chronic pain. The aim of this work is to evaluate the effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) in relieving fibromyalgia pain and its relation with beta-endorphin changes. Forty eligible patients with primary fibromyalgia were randomized to receive real anodal tDCS or sham tDCS of the left motor cortex (M1) daily for 10 days. Each patient was evaluated using widespread pain index (WPI), symptom severity of fibromyalgia (SS), visual analogue scale (VAS), and determination of pain threshold as a primary outcome. Hamilton depression and anxiety scales (HAM-D and HAM-A) and estimation of serum beta-endorphin level pre and post-sessions were used as secondary outcome. All rating scales were conducted at the baseline, after the 5th, 10th session, 15 days and 1 month after the end of the sessions. Eighteen patients from each group completed the follow-up schedule with no significant difference between them regarding the duration of illness or the baseline scales. A significant TIME × GROUP interaction for each rating scale (WPI, SS, VAS, pain threshold, HAM-A, HAM-D) indicated that the effect of treatment differed in the two groups with higher improvement in the experimental scores of the patients in the real tDCS group (P = 0.001 for WPI, SS, VAS, pain threshold, and 0.002, 0.03 for HAM-A, HAM-D respectively). Negative correlations between changes in serum beta-endorphin level and the changes in different rating scales were found (P = 0.003, 0.003, 0.05, 0.002, 0002 for WPI, SS, VAS, HAM-A, and HAM-D respectively). Ten sessions of real tDCS over M1 can induce pain relief and mood improvement in patients with fibromyalgia, which were found to be related to changes in serum endorphin levels. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02704611. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. A multicomponent yoga-based, breath intervention program as an adjunctive treatment in patients suffering from generalized anxiety disorder with or without comorbidities.

    Katzman, Martin A; Vermani, Monica; Gerbarg, Patricia L; Brown, Richard P; Iorio, Christina; Davis, Michele; Cameron, Catherine; Tsirgielis, Dina

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of Sudarshan Kriya Yoga (SKY) course in generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) outpatients, who after eight weeks of an appropriate dose of traditional therapy had not yet achieved remission. The adult participants (18-65 years) were outpatients with a primary diagnosis of GAD with or without comorbidities on the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI). Participants had a minimum of eight weeks standard treatment with an appropriate dose of a standard prescription anxiolytic, a clinician global impression-severity (CGI-S) score of 5-7, a Hamilton anxiety scale (HAM-A) total score ≥20 including a score of >2 on the anxious mood and tension items. Forty-one patients were enrolled in an open-label trial of the SKY course as an adjunct to standard treatment of GAD at the START Clinic for Mood and Anxiety Disorders, a tertiary care mood and anxiety disorder clinic in Toronto. The SKY course was administered over five days (22 h total). Subjects were encouraged to practice the yoga breathing techniques at home for 20 min per day after the course and were offered group practice sessions for 2 h once a week led by certified yoga instructors. The primary outcome measure was the mean change from pre-treatment on the HAM-A scale. Psychological measures were obtained at baseline and four weeks after completing the intervention. Thirty-one patients completed the program (mean age 42.6 ± 13.3 years). Among completers, significant reductions occurred in the pre- and post-intervention mean HAM-A total score (t=4.59; P<0.01) and psychic subscale (t=5.00; P≤0.01). The response rate was 73% and the remission rate 41% as measured on the HAM-A. The results of this small pilot trial suggest that the SKY course represents a potentially valuable adjunct to standard pharmacotherapy in patients with GAD or treatment-resistant GAD, and warrants further investigation. In particular, changes in worry and body

  13. Konflik Palestina dan Israel: Perspektif Komunikasi

    Junardi Harahap

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available A harsh incident which killed Hamas top leader, Abdul Aziz Rantisi, has escalated Middle East conflict. As had been cited from many sources, Palestinians and Israelis publicly stated strong comments and blamed each other over this incident. From communication perspective, this incident and the aftermath became an example of labeling-based-conflict. Such conflict was resulted from ideological influence, life and everyday beliefs, and also religion background. One can prevent the incidents if only such differences could be maintained and managed wisely.

  14. The Palestinians: Background and U.S. Relations

    2010-01-08

    with its hybrid Islamist/Palestinian nationalist views. In 2009, Hamas even produced its first feature-length film celebrating the life and death of...status to the PLO in 1974, declaring that Zionism is a form of racism in 1975, and broadening PLO rights as “observer” in the Assembly in 1998.138 The...138 In 1988, the Assembly redesignated the PLO as Palestine and in 1991 repealed the “Zionism equals racism ” resolution. The Institute for Palestine

  15. Interview with Ramadan Shallah, Secretary General, Palestinian Islamic Jihad

    Scott Atran

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available On December 14-16, 2009, a delegation from the World Federation of Scientists, including the authors, traveled to Damascus to interview senior Syrian and Palestinian leaders from Syria and various Palestinian factions, including the members of the leadership of Hamas and the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine. The objective was to gain insight from field interviews into how to further advance scientific understanding of cultural and political conflict in order to create new theoretical and practical frameworks for negotiation and cooperation.

  16. The HISH-alliance and the Arab spring

    Dandan, Salem Ben Souhail

    , in terms of relative strength, as being essential in understanding the alliance. It then goes on to look at what the Arab-spring has so far meant for the different actors and how this has impacted the alliance. It is argued that the ability of the non-state armed entities, Hezbollah and Hamas...... within the global community, due to the current systemic situation and the Arab-spring. In short, the paper aims to establish a correlation between the international and regional changes, the newly found autonomy of the non-state entities and the decreasing capabilities of the states, in order...

  17. Geochemistry and environmental isotope of groundwater from the upper Cretaceous aquifer of Orontes basin (Syria)

    Al-Charideh, A.

    2010-03-01

    Chemical and environmental isotopes have been used for studying the Upper Cretaceous aquifer systems in the Middle Orontes basin. The results indicate that the salinity of groundwater (0.2 to 2 g/l) reveals the dissolution of evaporate rocks is the main factor of high salinity especially in the Homes depression. The degree of salinity and its spaces distribution are basically related to the pattern of groundwater movement in the Upper cretaceous aquifer. The stable isotopes composition of groundwater in the Homes depression are more depleted by -2.5% and -17.0% for δ 18 O and δ 2 H respectively, than the groundwater from Hama elevation, suggested different origin and recharge time between this two groundwater groups. Estimates of their mean subsurface residence times have been constrained on the basis of 14 C D IC. The corrected ages of groundwater are recent and less to 10 thousand years in Hama uplift. However, the corrected age of groundwater in the Homs depression range between 10 to 25 thousand years indicate late Pleistocene recharge period. (author)

  18. Fifty years with the Hamilton scales for anxiety and depression. A tribute to Max Hamilton.

    Bech, P

    2009-01-01

    From the moment Max Hamilton started his psychiatric education, he considered psychometrics to be a scientific discipline on a par with biochemistry or pharmacology in clinical research. His clinimetric skills were in operation in the 1950s when randomised clinical trials were established as the method for the evaluation of the clinical effects of psychotropic drugs. Inspired by Eysenck, Hamilton took the long route around factor analysis in order to qualify his scales for anxiety (HAM-A) and depression (HAM-D) as scientific tools. From the moment when, 50 years ago, Hamilton published his first placebo-controlled trial with an experimental anti-anxiety drug, he realized the dialectic problem in using the total score on HAM-A as a sufficient statistic for the measurement of outcome. This dialectic problem has been investigated for more than 50 years with different types of factor analyses without success. Using modern psychometric methods, the solution to this problem is a simple matter of reallocating the Hamilton scale items according to the scientific hypothesis under examination. Hamilton's original intention, to measure the global burden of the symptoms experienced by the patients with affective disorders, is in agreement with the DSM-IV and ICD-10 classification systems. Scale reliability and obtainment of valid information from patients and their relatives were the most important clinimetric innovations to be developed by Hamilton. Max Hamilton therefore belongs to the very exclusive family of eminent physicians celebrated by this journal with a tribute. 2009 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  19. A Hydrogel Model Incorporating 3D-Plotted Hydroxyapatite for Osteochondral Tissue Engineering

    Michal Bartnikowski

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The concept of biphasic or multi-layered compound scaffolds has been explored within numerous studies in the context of cartilage and osteochondral regeneration. To date, no system has been identified that stands out in terms of superior chondrogenesis, osteogenesis or the formation of a zone of calcified cartilage (ZCC. Herein we present a 3D plotted scaffold, comprising an alginate and hydroxyapatite paste, cast within a photocrosslinkable hydrogel made of gelatin methacrylamide (GelMA, or GelMA with hyaluronic acid methacrylate (HAMA. We hypothesized that this combination of 3D plotting and hydrogel crosslinking would form a high fidelity, cell supporting structure that would allow localization of hydroxyapatite to the deepest regions of the structure whilst taking advantage of hydrogel photocrosslinking. We assessed this preliminary design in terms of chondrogenesis in culture with human articular chondrocytes, and verified whether the inclusion of hydroxyapatite in the form presented had any influence on the formation of the ZCC. Whilst the inclusion of HAMA resulted in a better chondrogenic outcome, the effect of HAP was limited. We overall demonstrated that formation of such compound structures is possible, providing a foundation for future work. The development of cohesive biphasic systems is highly relevant for current and future cartilage tissue engineering.

  20. Efficacy and safety of escitalopram versus desvenlafaxine in the treatment of major depression: A preliminary 1-year prospective randomized open label comparative trial

    Brij Mohan Gupta

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim and Objective: To compare efficacy and safety of escitalopram with desvenlafaxine in the treatment of major depression.Materials and Methods: A total of 60 patients of depression were randomized into two groups after meeting inclusion criterion. In the first 3 weeks, escitalopram 10 mg/day was given and then 20 mg/day for the next 3 weeks in group 1 (n = 30. Desvenlafaxine in the first 3 weeks was given 50 mg/day and 100 mg/day for the next 3 weeks in group 2 (n = 30. The parameters evaluated during the study were efficacy assessments byHamilton Scale of Rating Depression (HAM-D, Hamilton Rating Scale of Anxiety (HAM-A, and Clinical Global Impression (CGI. Safety assessments were done by UKU-scale. Results: Escitalopram and desvenlafaxine significantly (P < 0.001, reduced HAM-D, HAM-A, and CGI scores from their respective base lines. However, on comparison failed show any statistical difference at 3 and 6 weeks of treatment. Escitalopram and desvenlafaxine were both found to be safe and well-tolerated and there was not much difference between the two groups as evident from UKU Scale and their effect on various biochemical parameters. Conclusion: The present study demonstrated similar efficacy and safety in reducing depression and anxiety with both escitalopram and desvenlafaxine, but clinical superiority of one drug over the other cannot be concluded due to limitations of the small sample size.

  1. Psychological Status of Adolescents with Respiratory Allergic Diseases and Their Caregivers

    Duygu Erge

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the psychological status of adolescents with respiratory allergies and their caregivers. Materials and Methods: Child and adolescent psychiatrists evaluated the adolescents’ psychological status using the Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI and Screen for Child Anxiety-Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED. Psychiatrist evaluated the psychological status of their caregivers using the Hamilton Depression Scale (HAM-D and the Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAM-A. Results: Anxiety symptoms were found in 21 of 63 patients. CDI scores were higher in controls than in patients (p=0.03. HAM-D scores were higher in the caregivers of adolescents with allergic rhinitis and comorbid asthma than in those of controls (p=0.025. None of the scores were affected by the severity of asthma and allergic rhinitis, asthma control levels, presence of an asthma attack in the preceding year as well as by pulmonary function tests (p>0.05. Moderate and strong positive correlations were found between SCARED and CDI (r=0.644, p<0.001 and HAM-A and HAM-D scores (r=0.860, p<0.001. Conclusion: Anxiety symptoms were found in one-third of the patients. HAM-D scores were higher in the caregivers of adolescents with allergic rhinitis and comorbid asthma than in those of controls.

  2. An orally administered lavandula oil preparation (Silexan) for anxiety disorder and related conditions: an evidence based review.

    Kasper, Siegfried

    2013-11-01

    Silexan is a lavender oil preparation in gelatine capsules containing 80 mg. We reviewed the clinical trials investigating the anxiolytic efficacy and tolerability of Silexan as well as its safety and potential for drug interactions. Seven trials were included, among which four therapeutic trials had a treatment duration of 6 or 10 weeks. In patients with subsyndromal anxiety or generalised anxiety disorder (GAD) an anxiolytic effect of Silexan was evident after 2 weeks. Patients treated with Silexan showed Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) total score decreases between 10.4 ± 7.1 and 12.0 ± 7.2 points at Week 6 and between 11.8 ± 7.7 and 16.0 ± 8.3 points at Week 10. HAMA total score reductions between baseline and end of treatment were significantly superior to placebo in patients with subsyndromal anxiety and comparable to lorazepam in its starting dose in patients with GAD. Silexan had beneficial effects on typical co-morbidity symptoms of anxiety disorders, for example, disturbed sleep, somatic complaints, or decreased quality of life. Except for mild gastrointestinal symptoms, the drug was devoid of adverse effects and did not cause drug interactions or withdrawal symptoms at daily doses of 80 or 160 mg.

  3. Development of the Biopen: a handheld device for surgical printing of adipose stem cells at a chondral wound site

    O’Connell, Cathal D; Thompson, Fletcher; Beirne, Stephen; Cornock, Rhys; Richards, Christopher J; Chung, Johnson; Gambhir, Sanjeev; Yue, Zhilian; Zhang, Binbin; Taylor, Adam; Quigley, Anita; Kapsa, Robert; Wallace, Gordon G; Di Bella, Claudia; Choong, Peter; Augustine, Cheryl; Bourke, Justin

    2016-01-01

    We present a new approach which aims to translate freeform biofabrication into the surgical field, while staying true to the practical constraints of the operating theatre. Herein we describe the development of a handheld biofabrication tool, dubbed the ‘biopen’, which enables the deposition of living cells and biomaterials in a manual, direct-write fashion. A gelatin–methacrylamide/hyaluronic acid–methacrylate (GelMa/HAMa) hydrogel was printed and UV crosslinked during the deposition process to generate surgically sculpted 3D structures. Custom titanium nozzles were fabricated to allow printing of multiple ink formulations in a collinear (side-by-side) geometry. Independently applied extrusion pressure for both chambers allows for geometric control of the printed structure and for the creation of compositional gradients. In vitro experiments demonstrated that human adipose stem cells maintain high viability (>97%) one week after biopen printing in GelMa/HAMa hydrogels. The biopen described in this study paves the way for the use of 3D bioprinting during the surgical process. The ability to directly control the deposition of regenerative scaffolds with or without the presence of live cells during the surgical process presents an exciting advance not only in the fields of cartilage and bone regeneration but also in other fields where tissue regeneration and replacement are critical. (paper)

  4. [Approach to the Development of Mind and Persona].

    Sawaguchi, Toshiko

    2018-01-01

    To access medical specialists by health specialists working in the regional health field, the possibility of utilizing the voice approach for dissociative identity disorder (DID) patients as a health assessment for medical access (HAMA) was investigated. The first step is to investigate whether the plural personae in a single DID patient can be discriminated by voice analysis. Voices of DID patients including these with different personae were extracted from YouTube and were analysed using the software PRAAT with basic frequency, oral factors, chin factors and tongue factors. In addition, RAKUGO story teller voices made artificially and dramatically were analysed in the same manner. Quantitive and qualitative analysis method were carried out and nested logistic regression and a nested generalized linear model was developed. The voice from different personae in one DID patient could be visually and easily distinquished using basic frequency curve, cluster analysis and factor analysis. In the canonical analysis, only Roy's maximum root was personae could guide to the risky situation such as suicide. So if the voice approach can show the time threshold of changes between the different personae, it would be useful as an Access Assessment in the form of a simple HAMA.

  5. Colorectal carcinoma metastases: Detection with In-111-labeled monoclonal antibody CCR 086

    Abdel-Nabi, H.H.; Levine, G.; Lamki, L.M.; Murray, J.L.; Tauxe, W.N.; Shah, A.N.; Patt, Y.Z.; Doerr, R.J.; Klein, H.A.; Gona, J.

    1990-01-01

    A phase I/II clinical trial with indium-111-labeled antimucin murine monoclonal antibody (MoAb) CCR 086 was conducted. Seventeen patients with histologically proved colorectal carcinoma and known metastatic disease underwent external scintigraphy after administration of 5.5 mCi (203.5 MBq) of In-111 CCR 086 at doses of 5 and 20 mg. Of 25 known lesions, 17 were detected (sensitivity, 68%). The smallest detected lesion in the lung was 1 cm and in the liver was 1.5 cm. The serum half-life of In-111-labeled CCR 086 MoAb was approximately 64 hours. The formation of human antimouse antibody (HAMA) was detected in the serum of four of five patients who received 20 mg of MoAb. No HAMAs were detected in four patients receiving 5 mg of MoAb. No side effects were encountered. Because of effective detection of liver and lung metastases with lower doses (5-20 mg) of CCR 086 conjugated with In-111, further investigations are warranted to assess clinical and therapeutic potentials of CCR 086 in the management of colorectal cancer

  6. North Korea: a mercenary proliferator?

    Hemez, Remy

    2015-01-01

    After having recalled that North Korea possesses a rather advanced ballistic programme which has been started in the 1970 with the Chinese support, that North Korea is the fourth world producer of ballistic missiles, the author outlines that this country has become a major proliferator as it exports this production to different States and non-State actors. He recalls the long history of relationships between North Korea and terrorist organisations (even during the Cold War), comments the current and major support of North Korea to Hamas and Hezbollah in Gaza and in Lebanon. These relationships are then related with those these both organisations have with Syria and Iran who are in fact the relays between them and North Korea. The author explains why Hamas and Hezbollah must buy their weapons to such a far country: Iran is submitted to international sanctions, Iran and Syria want to avoid being banned from the international community for selling weapon to a terrorist (or so-said) organisation, and prices are rather competitive. If North Korea is also submitted to international sanctions, weapon smuggling seems to be institutional in this country. The author finally briefly evokes the issue of chemical weapons: North Korea possesses few thousand tonnes of these weapons, and could export them to non-state organisations

  7. Correlations between abnormal iron metabolism and non-motor symptoms in Parkinson's disease.

    Xu, Wu; Zhi, Yan; Yuan, Yongsheng; Zhang, Bingfeng; Shen, Yuting; Zhang, Hui; Zhang, Kezhong; Xu, Yun

    2018-07-01

    Despite a growing body of evidence suggests that abnormal iron metabolism plays an important role in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD), few studies explored its role in non-motor symptoms (NMS) of PD. The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between abnormal iron metabolism and NMS of PD. Seventy PD patients and 64 healthy controls were consecutively recruited to compare serum iron, ceruloplasmin, ferritin, and transferrin levels. We evaluated five classic NMS, including depression, anxiety, pain, sleep disorder, and autonomic dysfunction in PD patients using the Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD), the Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA), the short form of the McGill Pain Questionnaire, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and the Scale for Outcomes in Parkinson's disease for Autonomic Symptoms, respectively. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis was used to investigate the correlations between abnormal iron metabolism and NMS. No differences in serum ceruloplasmin and ferritin levels were examined between PD patients and healthy controls, but we observed significantly decreased serum iron levels and increased serum transferrin levels in PD patients in comparison with healthy controls. After eliminating confounding factors, HAMD scores and HAMA scores were both negatively correlated with serum iron levels and positively correlated with serum transferrin levels. In summary, abnormal iron metabolism might play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of depression and anxiety in PD. Serums levels of iron and transferrin could be peripheral markers for depression and anxiety in PD.

  8. Depression and anxiety in hypothyroidism.

    Demet, M M; Ozmen, B; Deveci, A; Boyvada, S; Adiguzel, H; Aydemir, O

    2003-09-01

    The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence and severity of depression and anxiety in patients with hypothyroidism and to compare this with euthyroid patients. Thirty patients with hypothyroidism and 30 euthyroid controls attending the Endocrinology outpatient department of Celal Bayar University, Medical Faculty were included in the study. The hormonal screening was done by immunoassay and haemagglutination methods. Then, for psychiatric assessment, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD), Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D), and Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A) were used. There was no difference between the two groups in terms of demographic features. Total scores obtained from the scales used in the study did not differ significantly (p > 0.05). The frequency of items of both HAM-D and HAM-A did not show any differences in the two groups. By Wilks' Lambda discriminant analysis, depressive mood (HAM-D#1) was found to be the discriminating feature between the hypothyroid group and the euthyroid group. Therefore, depression and anxiety were not outstanding features in hypothyrodism. However, depression was more significant in the hypothyroid than euthyroid group.

  9. An Open-Label Trial of Memantine for Cognitive Impairment in Patients with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

    Sriram Ramaswamy

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Studies using standard neuropsychological instruments have demonstrated memory deficits in patients with PTSD. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of the N-methyl-D-aspartate antagonist memantine in veterans with PTSD and cognitive impairment. Methods. Twenty-six veterans with PTSD and cognitive impairment received 16 weeks of memantine in an open-label fashion. Cognition was assessed using the Spatial Span, Logical Memory I, and Letter-Number Sequencing subtests of the Wechsler Memory Scale III and the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS. RBANS measures attention, language, visuospatial skills, and immediate and delayed memories. The Clinician Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS, Hamilton Depression Scale (HAM-D, Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAM-A, Quality of Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire (Q-LES-Q, and Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS were secondary outcome measures. Results. There was a significant improvement in RBANS, both total and subscale scores (P<0.05, over time. There was a reduction in total CAPS scores, avoidance/numbing symptoms (CAPS-C and hyperarousal symptoms (CAPS-D, HAM-D, Q-LES-Q, and SDS scores. However, there was no reduction in reexperiencing (CAPS-B and HAM-A scores. Memantine was well tolerated. Conclusions. Memantine improved cognitive symptoms, PTSD symptoms, and mood in veterans with PTSD. Randomized double-blind studies are needed to validate these preliminary observations.

  10. Lifetime posttraumatic stress disorder in Turkish alcohol-dependent inpatients: relationship with depression, anxiety and erectile dysfunction.

    Evren, Cuneyt; Can, Suat; Evren, Bilge; Saatcioglu, Omer; Cakmak, Duran

    2006-02-01

    The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of lifetime posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in Turkish male alcohol-dependent inpatients, and to investigate the relationship of lifetime PTSD diagnosis with anxiety, depression, hopelessness, erectile dysfunction and psychosocial problems related with alcohol dependency. Eighty-two male inpatients who met DSM-IV criteria for alcohol dependence and 48 subjects without substance use disorder as a control group were included in the study. Subjects were applied the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D), the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A), the Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (MAST), the Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS) and the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF). Rate of lifetime PTSD diagnosis was found to be 26.8% among alcohol-dependent inpatients. The mean age of patients with lifetime PTSD was lower than in patients without this diagnosis, while there were no significant differences between these two groups in terms of age of first alcohol use, lifetime major depression, current depression, presence and severity of erectile dysfunction. Mean scores of HAM-D, HAM-A, BHS and MAST in the group with lifetime PTSD were significantly higher than the group without this diagnosis. There was a positive relationship between lifetime PTSD diagnosis and depression, anxiety, hopelessness and severity of psychosocial problems related to alcohol dependency, while there was no relationship between lifetime PTSD comorbidity and erectile dysfunction in alcohol-dependent patients.

  11. PENGARUH ATRAKTAN TERHADAP LALAT BUAH PADA TANAMAN BELIMBING DI KABUPATEN BLITAR

    Moch. Sodiq

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Lalat buah telah menjadi salah satu hama penting pada tanaman belimbing (Averrhoa carambola L..  Guna mengatasi serangan lalat buah, petani selalu membungkus buah dan memasang atraktan metil eugenol pada tanaman belimbing pada saat tanaman berbunga sampai dengan buah belimbing dipanen, namun hasilnya belum optimal dalam mengendalikan lalat buah, sehingga perlu dicari cara lain untuk mengendalikan lalat buah belimbing yang lebih efektif.  Penelitian dilakukan pada lahan belimbing petani Kabupaten Blitar.  Sedangkan untuk mengetahui jenis lalat buah yang menyerang buah belimbing, dilakukan identifikasi di Laboratorium HamaTanaman.  Penelitian menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap dan setiap perlakuan diulang 4 kali.  Parameter yang diamati adalah spesies, intensitas serangan, jumlah, dan kelamin lalat buah yang terperangkap.            Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa atraktan tidak berpengaruh terhadap intensitas serangan lalat buah.  Lalat buah yang terperangkap hanya satu spesies yaitu Bactrocera carambolae dan kombinasi jenis atraktan, perangsang bau pakan, warna dan volume tempat atraktan tidak berpengaruh terhadap ketertarikan lalat buah jantan dan betina. Kata kunci : pengaruh, atraktan, lalat buah

  12. Comparison of psychiatric morbidity in patients with irritable bowel syndrome and non-ulcer dyspepsia

    Susanta Kumar Padhy

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aims: The present study aimed to find psychiatric morbidity, stress, anxiety, and depression in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS and compare it with patients having non-ulcer dyspepsia (NUD. Methods: This case NUD study compared 50 patients each with IBS and NUD. The two groups were compared on demographic data, psychiatric diagnosis using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis 1 disorders, anxiety levels using the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A, and depression using the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D. The Presumptive Stressful Life Events Scale (PSLES was used to measure stress. Results: The cases of IBS were more likely to be of female gender (P = 0.012, married (P = 0.009, and employed (P < 0.001. Psychiatric diagnoses were more common in the cases of IBS than NUDs (88% vs. 30%, P< 0.001, the most common being major depression and somatization disorder. Symptoms of anxiety and depression were more common in patients with IBS (P < 0.001 for HAM-A and HAM-D. Logistic regression revealed that having IBS and increased age were independent predictors of having a psychiatric diagnosis. Conclusions: IBS is associated with the considerable degree of psychiatric morbidity. Adequate attention should be paid toward comorbid psychiatric illnesses, and prompt treatment should be instituted.

  13. 5-HTTLPR, anxiety and gender interaction moderates right amygdala volume in healthy subjects.

    Cerasa, Antonio; Quattrone, Aldo; Piras, Fabrizio; Mangone, Graziella; Magariello, Angela; Fagioli, Sabrina; Girardi, Paolo; Muglia, Maria; Caltagirone, Carlo; Spalletta, Gianfranco

    2014-10-01

    Genetic variants within the serotonin transporter gene (5-HTTLPR) impact the neurobiology and risk for anxiety-related behaviours. There are also gender differences in the prevalence of anxiety-related behaviours. Although numerous studies have investigated the influence of 5-HTTLPR genotype on the neural systems involved in emotional regulation, none have investigated how these effects are modulated by gender and anxiety. We investigated this issue using two complementary region of interest-based structural neuroimaging approaches (voxel-based morphometry and Freesurfer) in 138 healthy individuals categorized into 'no anxiety' and 'subclinical anxiety' groups based on the Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety (HAM-A). Preliminarily, using anxiety as a continuous variable, we found a significant interaction effect of genotype by gender on anxiety. Females homozygous for the Short allele showed the highest HAM-A scores and males the lowest. In addition, a three-way significant interaction among genotype, gender and anxiety category was found for the right amygdala volume. Post hoc tests revealed that homozygous females carrying the Short variant with a subclinical anxiety condition had larger volume. The reported interaction effects demonstrate that gender strongly modulates the relationship between 5-HTTLPR genotype and subclinical expression of anxiety acting on amygdala, one region of the emotional neural network specifically involved in the anxiety-like behaviours. © The Author (2013). Published by Oxford University Press. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  14. Modified Suanzaorentang Had the Treatment Effect for Generalized Anxiety Disorder for the First 4 Weeks of Paroxetine Medication: A Pragmatic Randomized Controlled Study

    Ming-Fen Song

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Paroxetine does not show satisfactory therapeutic effect for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD patients for the first 2–4 weeks of medication. Diazepam is always concurrently used although it has some shortcomings such as physical dependence and withdrawal reactions. In this study, we aimed to identify whether modified Suanzaorentang (MSZRT, a combined Chinese formula including Suanzaorentang (SZRT and Zhizichitang (ZZCT, could control the anxiety of GAD for the first 4 weeks of paroxetine medication. Methods. 156 GAD patients were randomized to the treatment of paroxetine, paroxetine-diazepam, or paroxetine-MSZRT for 4 weeks. Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA Test and Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS Test were determined each week as the evaluation of clinical efficacy. Adverse events (AEs were also closely observed by performing the Treatment Emergent Symptom Scale (TESS Test. Results. Both paroxetine-MSZRT and paroxetine-diazepam decreased more HAMA and SAS total scores than paroxetine from weeks 1 to 3. Paroxetine-MSZRT as well as paroxetine-diazepam had an obviously higher onset rate than paroxetine in each week. After 4 weeks’ treatment, the overall effectiveness rate in the paroxetine-MSZRT group (90.00% was obviously higher than those of the paroxetine group (74.42% but did not significantly differ from the paroxetine-diazepam group (93.88%. Conclusion. MSZRT had the treatment effect for GAD when paroxetine was used for the first 4 weeks.

  15. POTENSI EKOSISTEM MANGROVE DI TAMAN WISATA TELUK YOUTEFA KOTA JAYAPURA PAPUA

    Yunus P Paulangan

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Ekosistem mangrove memiliki keanekaragaman hayati baik dari manfaat  ekologi maupun sosialnya. Ekosistem ini berperan dalam siklus ekologi di wilayah pesisir dengan ketergantungan biota perairan dan manusia terhadap keberadaannya. Manfaat ekonomi langsung dari ekosistem mangrove adalah kayu mangrove sebagai bahan bakar maupun sebagai bahan bangunan dan kawasan hutan yang dialih fungsikan sebagai area tambak. Kawasan ekosistem mangrove Taman Wisata Teluk Youtefa yang berada dekat dengan perkotaan, menjadikan kawasan tersebut berkaitan langsung dengan keberagaman aktivitas tersebut, seperti pemanfaatan kayu mangrove sebagai kayu bakar, bahan bangunan dan sebagainya yang mengakibatkan penurunan kualitas ekosistem mangrove. Selain itu terdapat aktivitas, seperti konversi lahan menjadi tambak, pemukiman dan industri, serta tingginya pencemaran dan sedimentasi dari lahan perkotaan. Sebagai upaya pengelolaannya berdasarkan konsep dan prinsip terpadu, maka perlu disusun rencana strategis pengelolaanya agar dapat berkelanjutan. Dari proses penyusunan tersebut, terlihat bahwa peranan stakeholder sangat dibutuhkan dalam setiap langkah penyusunan program. Selain itu, dimensi pengelolaan, yaitu ekologi, sosial ekonomi maupun kelembagaan menjadi pertimbangan utama sebagai satu kesatuan tahapan.Kata Kunci: Mangrove, Pengelolaan terpadu, Teluk YoutefaPOTENTIAL MANGROVE ECOSYSTEM IN YOUTEFA BAY TOURIST PARK, JAYAPURA CITY, PAPUAABSTRACTMangrove ecosystem has biodiversity, either in ecology or social use. This ecosystem plays a role in ecology cycle in coastal area with the reliance of aquatic biota and humans upon its existence. The location of mangrove ecosystem of Youtefa Bay Tourist Park that is near to the city placed it in direct contact with a variety of activities, such as the utilization of mangrove wood as a firewood, building material and others that threat the quality of the mangrove ecosystem to experience a decrease. Besides, there were activities

  16. DESIGNING STRATEGIES FOR IMPROVING TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT IN MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES

    Alfian Nur Ubay

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available This research was aimed at designing strategies for improving total quality management at CV XYZ and PT HIJ. The research locations were selected intentionally with the consideration that the company is a middle class company that started to apply a study in line with the research topic. The experts were chosen using an approach method. This research used a descriptive approach and quantitative analysis through questionnaires using purposive sampling. The stages began with data processing, i.e. testing the questionnaire quality through validity and reliability tests, making a causality diagram, evaluating the implementation levels of each company by giving evaluation scales based on the existing condition, making House of Quality (HOQ using QFD methods, and then analyzing the problem solutions produced from the QFD methods with 5W + IH analysis, and finally determining the improvement priorities using Fuzzy AHP methods. The results were the strategies for improving total quality management /TQM of CV XYZ, namely the factor that plays the most important role was improving the quality management performance. The actor that has the competence to carry out the TQM improvement is the director. The prioritized goal to be achieved is a commitment to improve the quality of goods and services.  The prioritized strategy used in improving TQM is carrying out SOP consistently.Keywords: strategies, improvement, TQM, manufacturing company, fuzzy AHPABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan merancang strategi peningkatan manajemen mutu terpadu pada CV XYZ dan PT HIJ. Pemilihan lokasi penelitian dilakukan secara sengaja dengan pertimbangan bahwa perusahaan tersebut merupakan perusahaan kelas menengah yang mulai menerapkan kajian sesuai dengan topik penelitian. Penentuan pakar dilakukan dengan metode pendekatan secara sengaja. Adapun penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan deskriptif dan analisa kuantitatif dengan menyebarkan kuesioner secara sengaja (purposive sampling

  17. ALIH FUNGSI LAHAN DAN PERUBAHAN SOSIAL PETANI DI GORONTALO 1980-1990

    Rauf A. Hatu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This research describes in depth about farmers’ social change after their farmland turned into sugar cane plantations which had an impact on the economic condition, social roles, social stratification, employment, and business opportunities among farmers of Gorontalo. The change was reflected in the increase in the labor force that moved out of agricultural sector. It also occurred in the status component in society between those who owned the land and the landless people. Landowners still had a social stratification position higher when compared to farmers who did not own any land, even those who had no land increasingly had narrower opportunities to improve their lot because they only remained becoming the farm-workers. Alternatively the government needs to implement regulations on function conversion of agricultural land which is fertile and productive because the phenomena that happen nowadays are the problems of agricultural land which start being narrowed or reduced every year.Keywords: function change, social change, farmers  Penelitian ini mendeskripsikan secara mendalam tentang perubahan sosial petani setelah lahan pertaniannya beralih menjadi lahan perkebunan tebu yang berdampak pada kondisi ekonomi, peran sosial, stratifikasi sosial, dan kesempatan kerja serta kesempatan berusaha di kalangan petani Gorontalo. Perubahan tercermin pada terjadinya peningkatan tenaga kerja yang bergerak di luar sektor pertanian. Perubahan terjadi pula pada komponen status dalam masyarakat antara orang yang memiliki lahan dengan orang yang tidak memiliki lahan. Pemilik lahan tetap memiliki posisi stratifikasi sosial yang lebih tinggi bila dibandingkan dengan petani yang tidak memiliki lahan, bahkan orang yang tidak memiliki lahan semakin memiliki peluang yang semakin sempit dalam memperbaiki nasibnya karena hanya tetap bertahan pada buruh tani. Sebagai alternatifnya adalah pemerintah perlu menerapkan regulasi terhadap alih fungsi lahan

  18. Effect of School Community Empowerment Model towards Handwashing Implementation among Elementary School Students in Dayeuhkolot Subdistrict

    Tetti Solehati

    2017-02-01

    Perilaku mencuci tangan dengan sabun di Indonesia masih menjadi masalah. Penyebabnya dikaitkan dengan kurangnya kesadaran dalam mencuci tangan pakai sabun. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberdayaan komunitas sekolah terhadap penerapan mencuci tangan di kalangan siswa sekolah dasar di Kecamatan Dayeuhkolot, Kabupaten Bandung. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain quasi eksperimental dengan pretest dan posttest serta melakukan analisis deskriptif dan inferensial. Sampel terdiri dari 24 guru, 377 siswa di kelas 4-6, dan 24 dokter kecil. Metode pendekatan dalam penelitian ini menggunakan usaha kesehatan sekolah terpadu (gabungan model fit for school dan UKS terpilih, yang terdiri dari enam tahap. Instrumen terdiri dari kuesioner pengetahuan, lembar observasi, dan lembar checklist. Cuci tangan pakai sabun dievaluasi selama tiga bulan. Hasil menemukan bahwa terdapat skor meningkat dalam kategori baik untuk keterampilan cuci tangan pakai sabun guru dari 12,5% menjadi 100%, skor dokter kecil dalam kategori baik meningkat pada keterampilan cuci tangan pakai sabun dari 0% sampai 100%, keterampilan dari cuci tangan pakai sabun pada siswa meningkat dalam kategori baik dari 0% menjadi 87,5%. Pemberdayaan komunitas sekolah memengaruhi perilaku mencuci tangan di kalangan siswa SD.

  19. MEKANISME PENGAWASAN YANG SINERGIS IMPLEMENTASI STANDAR PELAYANAN MINIMAL PENDIDIKAN DASAR DAN MENENGAH

    Moerdiyanto *

    2005-01-01

    ment index, Indonesia hanya berada di peringkat 111 dari 177 negara di dunia yang disurvei. Salah satu upaya pemerintah untuk meningkatkan mutu layanan pendidikan dituangkan dalam Keputusan Mendiknas nomor 0971U/2002, tentang pengawasan penyelenggaraan pendidikan, termasuk pemenuhan standar pelayanan minimal (SPM. Pada tataran praktis justru yang harus menjadi perhatian adalah bagaimana mekanisme dan prosedur monitoring dan kontrol dilakukan, agar pelaksanaan SPM di setiap lembaga pendidikan berjalan sebagaimana mestinya. Model monitoring dan pengawasan yang intensif adalah bentuk kolaborasi yang sinergis dan produktif antara inspektorat jenderal, Bawasda Provinsi, Bawasda KabupatenlKota dan Pengawas Sekolah, dan masyarakat. Oi dalam pelaksanaan pengawasan perlu dilakukan koordinasi dan sinkronisasi melalui pembagian kekuasaan dan kewenangan pengawasan yang diatur dalam Buku Pedoman Pengawasan Standar Pelayanan Minimal. Pelaksanaan pemeriksaan kolaboratif hendaknya dilandasi oleh prinsip-prinsip sebagai berikut: (1 prinsip manajemen yaitu fungsi kontrol, (2 prinsip pengendalian yaitu memberikan bimbingan, (3 prinsip integritas yang dilandasi integritas pribadi dan profesional, (4 prinsip pemberdayaan atas kemampuan dan kinerja kelembagaan, dan (5 prinsip efektivitas dan efisiensi agar pengawasan hemat biaya, tenaga, dan waktu. Selain itu, pengawasan harus ditempuh secara prosedural, yaitu: (1 dilaksanakan secara berkala dan terpadu, (2 melakukan penilaian atas manfaat dan keberhasilan pelaksanaan program kegiatan, (3 memberikan informasi adanya kotupsi, kolusi dan nepotisme, dan penyampaian saran perbaikan, (4 dilakukan oleh pengawas yang memadai, dan (5 adanya semangat saling memberi dan menerima secara profesional, obyektif dan akuntabel yang bernuansa pemberdayaan.

  20. TUGAS DAN WEWENANG PUSAT PELAPORAN DAN ANALISIS TRANSAKSI KEUANGAN (PPATK DALAM PEMBERANTASAN TINDAK PIDANA PENCUCIAN UANG

    Johari Johari

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Tugas dan wewenang Pusat Pelaporan dan Analisis Transaksi Keuangan (PPATK terdapat di dalam Pasal 26 dan Pasal 27 Undang-Undang No. 25 Tahun 2003 tentang Tindak Pencucian Uang. Berdasarkan ketentuan tersebut, tugas dan wewenang PPATK tersebut bertujuan untuk mendeteksi terjadinya tindak pidana pencucian uang, dan membantu penegakan hukum yang berkaitan dengan pencucian uang, termasuk tindak pidana asal yang melahirkannya (predicate offences. Namun, Peranan PPATK akan berjalan secara efektif apabila aparat penegak hukum seperti Kepolisian, Kejaksaan, Pengadilan, Bea dan Cukai, para regulator seperti Bank Indonesia, Departemen Keuangan, Badan Pengawas Pasar Modal serta Penyedia Jasa Keuangan, industri perbankan, asuransi, perusahaan pembiayaan, dana pensiun, perusahaan efek, pengelola reksadana, media massa, masyarakat bekerjasama secara terorganisir dan terpadu dalam pemberantasan tindak pencucian uang di Indonesia. Dengan kewenangan yang dimilikinya, PPATK dapat mengejar hasil dari kejahatan, apabila hasil kejahatan tersebut dapat dikejar dan disita maka negara dengan sendirinya akan mengurangi tindak kejahatan itu sendiri. Kata kunci : Pencucian uang, tindak pidana pencucian uang (money laundering, kejahatan terorganisir, dan Pusat Pelaporan dan Analisis Transaksi Keuangan (PPATK.

  1. PENDEKATAN COOPERATIVE LEARNING DENGAN STRATEGI GAMES COMPETITION SEBAGAI UPAYA MENINGKATKAN AKTIVITAS BELAJAR SISWA

    Eka jaya puta utama

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Masalah dalam penelitian ini adalah bagaimana penggunaan pendekatan Cooperative Learning dengan Strategi  Games Competition dapat meningkatkan aktivitas belajar siswa pada Mata Pelajaran IPS Terpadu Materi Sejarah kelas VIII SMP Negeri 2 Sungai Raya?. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian tindakan kelas.  Subyek dalam Penelitian Tindakan Kelas ini adalah siswa kelas VIII SMP Negeri 2 Sungai Raya tahun pelajaran 2015/2016. Alat pengumpulan data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah angket, panduan observasi, panduan wawancara, dan dokumentasi. Teknik analisis data dalam penellitian ini adalah Analisis hasil penelitian digambarkan dengan cara menggunakan triangulasi data. Indikator keberhasilan didasarkan dari kisi-kisi pengamatan aktivitas siswa yang meliputi :1 semangat siswa untuk mengikuti pembelajaran, 2 keaktifan dalam  menyelesaikan tugas  membuat pertanyaan dan jawaban, 3 keaktifan dalam menjawab pertanyaan, 4 keaktifan dalam menanggapi atas pertanyaan dari kelompok lain, 5 kerjasama dalam kelompok dalam menyelesaikan tugas berkompetisi dengan kelompok lain.Kesimpulan penelitian bahwa Pembelajaran IPS menggunakan pendekatan cooperative learning dengan strategi Games Competition dapat meningkatkan aktivitas belajar siswa kela VIII SMP Negeri 2 Sungai Raya, yaitu peningkatan aktifitas belajar siswa secara klasikal yaitu pada siklus I sebesar 65 % dan pada Siklus II sebesar 85 %, hal ini berarti ada peningkatan sebesar 20%. Pembelajaran dengan menggunakan pendekatan cooperative learning dengan strategi Games Competition dapat memberikan kesempatan kepada siswa untuk aktif dalam mengungkapkan pendapat, menghargai pendapat orang lain,berani bertanya, menanggapi, belajar berkompetisi secara jujur, serta mampu menumbuhkan rasa solidaritas siswa.

  2. IMPLEMENTASI PERATURAN PERIZINAN PEMBANGUNAN PERUMAHAN BAGI PENGEMBANG TERKAIT ASPEK PERLINDUNGAN KONSUMEN DI DIY

    Irna Nurhayati

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This article seeks to examine the reasons behind why real estate developers continue to erect housing districts without proper Building Construction Permits. It will also explore the Local Government’s efforts to regulate construction of housing districts and the consumer’s responses in cases where suchdistricts were built without Building Construction Permits. Findings indicate that such practice byreal estate developers occur due to poor oversight and coordination from licensing agencies, complexpermit requirements which frustrates small scale developers, and low legal awareness from developers and consumers. Local Government efforts include oversight by the Integrated Team, requiring lot-based Building Construction Permits, warnings, and sanctions and socializing licensing regulations. Consumersmeanwhile have increasingly become more proactive in demanding their rights from developers andseeking legal advocacy. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui penyebab dari pengembang perumahan membangun  perumahan meskipun belum memiliki IMB, upaya Pemda dalam rangka penertiban pembangunanperumahan, dan upaya konsumen dalam kasus ketiadaan IMB. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwapembangunan perumahan tanpa IMB dilakukan oleh pengembang karena faktor lemahnya pengawasaninstansi perizinan, kurangnya koordinasi antar instansi perizinan terkait, persyaratan yang kompleksdan menyulitkan pengembang berskala kecil, serta kesadaran hukum pengembang dan konsumenmasih rendah. Upaya Pemda berupa pengawasan oleh Tim Terpadu, persyaratan pengajuan IMBperkapling, teguran dan sanksi, serta sosialisasi peraturan perizinan. Konsumen dalam perkembangannyasemakin proaktif memperjuangkan hak-haknya kepada pengembang dan meminta advokasi hukum.

  3. Sistem Penjejak Pipa pada Balon Udara dengan Menggunakan Kamera dan Kontrol Logika Fuzzy

    Dion Hayu Fandiantoro

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Balon udara merupakan salah satu jenis Unmaned Aerial Vehicle (UAV yang mampu bergerak secara otomatis, salah satu aplikasinya adalah sebagai penjejak pipa. Pada dasarnya digunakan sistem navigasi dengan bantuan global positioning system (GPS dan kontrol PID untuk mengatur arah tujuan. Tetapi penggunaan GPS pada daerah yang tidak memiliki ruang terbuka bebas tidaklah memungkinkan dikarenakan pada daerah tersebut sinyal GPS menjadi lemah ataupun hilang. Sehingga dibutuhkan sebuah sistem yang dapat bekerja secara independen tanpa menggunakan GPS dalam proses penjejakan pipa. Digunakan proses pengolahan citra dengan contour finding dan region of interest yang terpadu dalam sebuah sistem yang terdiri dari Raspberry Pi dan Arduino Mega dalam memandu balon udara untuk menyusuri pipa, sehingga balon udara dapat berjalan secara otomatis menyusuri pipa. Serta digunakan kontrol logika fuzzy untuk menentukan kecepatan motor untuk mempertahankan keseimbangan dan untuk menyusuri pipa. Hasil dari pengujian yang dilakukan dengan simulasi menggunakan pipa fleksibel berwarna biru pada tugas akhir ini menunjukan bahwa balon udara dapat menyusuri pipa dengan panduan pipa fleksibel. Selain menyusuri pipa fleksibel, balon udara juga dipertahankan kondisi roll-nya untuk selalu setimbang. Didapatkan kesalahan ukur dalam proses penjejakan pipa sebesar 4,7%, sedangkan untuk kondisi roll didapatkan kesalahan sebesar 0,76%.

  4. PELAKSANAAN REHABILITASI BAGI PECANDU NARKOTIKA PASCA BERLAKUNYA PERATURAN BERSAMA 7 (TUJUH LEMBAGA NEGARA REPUBLIK INDONESIA

    Dani Krisnawati

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This study is a normative-empirical research that use secondary and primary data. In the case of a voluntary reporting to the Sleman Police Precinct investigator by the drug addicts, the case will be coordinated tothe medical and/or social rehabilitation agency, in this case is PSPP. However, after the implementationof Joint Regulation, no drug addicts voluntarily reported themselves. Whenever the suspects of thedrug addiction that were caught, the Sleman Police Precinct investigator which is the element of lawenforcement team beside the Sleman Narcotics National Agency, Sleman District Attorney, and RegionalOffice of the Ministry of Law and Human Rights Yogyakarta Province, coordinate themselves as a part ofa joint assessment team, including with the Bhayangkara Hospital and Grhasia Hospital which serve asthe medical doctor team. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian normatif empiris yang mengolah data primer dan sekunder. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tindakan penyidik pasca berlakunya Peraturan Bersama terhadap pecanduyang secara sukarela melaporkan diri ke penyidik Polres Sleman, akan dikoordinasikan ke lembaga medisdan/atau sosial, dalam hal ini Panti Sosial Pamardi Putra. Meskipun pasca berlakunya Peraturan Bersamabelum ada pecandu yang secara sukarela melaporkan diri, sedangkan bagi tersangka pecandu narkotikayang ditangkap, penyidik Polres Sleman saling berkoordinasi dengan tim hukum yang lain sebagai bagiandari tim assessment terpadu dan tim dokter dari Rumah Sakit Bhayangkara dan Rumah Sakit Grhasia yangmerupakan bagian dari tim dokter.

  5. PELAKSANAAN REHABILITASI BAGI PECANDU NARKOTIKA PASCA BERLAKUNYA PERATURAN BERSAMA 7 (TUJUH LEMBAGA NEGARA REPUBLIK INDONESIA

    Dani Krisnawati

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This study is a normative-empirical research that use secondary and primary data. In the case of a voluntary reporting to the Sleman Police Precinct investigator by the drug addicts, the case will be coordinated tothe medical and/or social rehabilitation agency, in this case is PSPP. However, after the implementationof Joint Regulation, no drug addicts voluntarily reported themselves. Whenever the suspects of thedrug addiction that were caught, the Sleman Police Precinct investigator which is the element of lawenforcement team beside the Sleman Narcotics National Agency, Sleman District Attorney, and RegionalOffice of the Ministry of Law and Human Rights Yogyakarta Province, coordinate themselves as a part ofa joint assessment team, including with the Bhayangkara Hospital and Grhasia Hospital which serve asthe medical doctor team.   Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian normatif empiris yang mengolah data primer dan sekunder. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tindakan penyidik pasca berlakunya Peraturan Bersama terhadap pecanduyang secara sukarela melaporkan diri ke penyidik Polres Sleman, akan dikoordinasikan ke lembaga medisdan/atau sosial, dalam hal ini Panti Sosial Pamardi Putra. Meskipun pasca berlakunya Peraturan Bersamabelum ada pecandu yang secara sukarela melaporkan diri, sedangkan bagi tersangka pecandu narkotikayang ditangkap, penyidik Polres Sleman saling berkoordinasi dengan tim hukum yang lain sebagai bagiandari tim assessment terpadu dan tim dokter dari Rumah Sakit Bhayangkara dan Rumah Sakit Grhasia yangmerupakan bagian dari tim dokter.

  6. DEKONSTRUKSI DALAM DESAIN KOMUNIKASI VISUAL: SEBUAH PENJELAJAHAN KEMUNGKINAN Studi Kasus Desain Iklan Rokok A-mild

    Freddy H. Istanto

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Deconstruction%2C along with its post-modernism background that rooted in the philosophical thinking%2C appears to show that the set of the integrated and solid thought is now being sorted into its basis. The existence of the deconstruction can be seen as a part of the post-modernism which epistemologically has to acknowledge the reality that people should not follow inflexible way of thinking. This writing is trying to seek for the possibility of applying the deconstruction into the Visual Communication Design through analyzing A-Mild%2C a cigarette commercial. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Dekonstruksi hadir dengan latar-belakang post-modernisme yang berdasarkan pemikiran filsafat bahwa susunan pemikiran yang begitu terpadu%2C yang tersusun rapi%2C kini dipilah-pilah sampai ke dasar-dasarnya. Kehadiran dekonstruksi dilihat sebagai bagian dari posmodernisme yang secara epistemologi atau filsafat pengetahuan%2C harus menerima suatu kenyataan bahwa manusia tidak boleh terpaku pada suatu sistim pemikiran yang begitu ketat dan kaku. Tulisan ini mencoba untuk mencari kemungkinan penerapan dekonstruksi pada disiplin Desain Komunikasi Visual utamanya dengan menghadirkan desain iklan rokok A-mild sebagai studi kasus. Deconstruction%2C Visual Communication Design%2C Advertisement%2C A-Mild Advertisement.

  7. Al-Khalfiyyah al-Farâdigmâiyyah lî Azmat al-Bîah wa al-T awajjuh al-’Ilmiy al-Kauniy ‘Inda Said al-Nursi

    Kadeer Jann Atton

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Suatu kemiskinan atau kemakmuran dapat memiliki dampak negatif terhadap lingkungan sehingga memicu kesadaran pemerintah dan akademisi untuk mengambil kebijakan guna memperbaiki orientasi pembangunan dengan mengarahkannya pada kelestarian lingkungan. Kerusakan ekologis dalam berbagai bentuk seperti polusi, kerusakan tanah, erosi, penggundulan hutan, pemanasan global, hujan asam, punahnya spesies liar, gerakan limbah berbahaya yang diakibatkan oleh aktivitas manusia telah terjadi dalam skala massif dan global. Maka, diperlukan paradigma pembangunan berkelanjutan yang dapat memenuhi kebutuhan saat ini tanpa merusak kemampuan generasi- generasi mendatang untuk memenuhi kebutuhan mereka sendiri. Pembangunan yang memanusiakan manusia, dan tidak benci terhadap teknologi modern. Pembangunan yang tidak rmerusak manusia, dan memarginalkan kontribusi mereka. Segala sesuatunya absah, sepanjang memungkinkan manusia untuk memegang kendali yang lebih baik atas nasibnya sendiri; sepanjang hal itu tidak memperbudak manusia, menimbulkan perpecahan, membuat manusia kehilangan keseimbangan mental dan kesehatan fisik, serta menciptakan disharmoni dalam masyarakat sehingga terwujud peradaban Islam global universal. Peradaban Islam universal dengan semua karakteristik dan identitasnya akan mampu mengubah peradaban Barat, secara positif konstruktif. Karena, landasan utama peradaban Islam adalah kebenaran dan bukan kekuatan, sedangkan parameter kebenaran adalah keadilan dan keseimbangan, dengan memberdayakan pemanfaatan lingkungan secara holistik terpadu. Hal itu dikarenakan tujuan utama peradaban adalah keutamaan dan manfaat yang sebesar-besarnya bagi pengembangan dan kemajuan umat.

  8. PENGARUH KONSENTRASI LARUTAN ASAP CAIR TERHADAP MUTU BELUT ASAP YANG DIHASILKAN

    Bagus Sediadi Bandol Utomo

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Telah dilakukan riset tentang pengaruh konsentrasi larutan asap cair terhadap mutu belut asap yang dihasilkan. Belut yang digunakan adalah jenis Monopterus albus dan asap cair yang dipakai diperoleh dari CV Pusat Pengolahan Kelapa Terpadu,Yogyakarta. Riset pendahuluan dilakukan untuk mengetahui waktu pengeringan yang terbaik, dengan melakukan pengeringan dalam oven pada suhu 90ºC selama 2, 4, 6, dan 8 jam diikuti pengujian kadar air terhadap produk yang dihasilkan. Riset utama dilakukan unluk mengetahui pengaruh konsentrasi asap cair terhadap mutu belut asap yang dihasilkan dengan variasi konsentrasi larutan asap cair 0, 10, 20, dan 30%. Penilaian mutu dilakukan berdasarkan analisis komponen asap, komposisi proksimat, den mutu organoleptik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa konsentrasi larutan asap cair terbaik untuk pembuatan belut asap adalah 30% dengan waktu pengeringan 8 jam yang menghasilkan rendamen 28,04%. Secara umum produk ini disukai oleh panelis dengan nilai orgenoleptik 7,36 dengan karakteristik kadar air 10,38%, lemak 2,74%, protein 68,96%, dan abu 15,81%. Asap cair den belut asap hasil pengolahan menggunakan asap cair tidak mengandung senyawa Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAH, sebaliknya belut asap komersial mengandung senyawa PAH.

  9. POTENSI KONTRIBUSI SEKTOR KEHUTANAN TERHADAP KETAHANAN PANGAN NASIONAL MELALUI PENGEMBANGAN AGROFORESTRY

    Tigor Butarbutar

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Undang-undang No. 7 Tahun 1996 tentang pangan menyebutkan tujan ketahanan pangan  sebagai kondisi terpenuhinya pangan bagi setiap rumah tangga, yang tercermin dari tersedianya pangan yang cukup, baik jumlah maupun mutunya, aman dan terjangkau. Resesi ekonomi global yang masih akan terjadi beberapa tahun kedepan akan menyebabkan menurunnya pertumbuhan ekonomi karena sulitnya mendapatkan dana dalam menjalankan sektor riil.  Kelangkaan  lapangan kerja dan pertambahan penduduk menyebabkan sulitnya  masyarakat untuk memenuhi kebutuhan hidup sehari-hari, terutama  pangan. Untuk antisipasi hal tersebut diperlukan kontribusi sektor kehutanan untuk memenuhi kebutuhan pangan. Sektor kehutanan dapat berkontribusi terhadap pangan dengan mengembangkan potensi hutan yang terdapat di hutan alam, hutan tanaman, hutan lindung dan kawasan konservasi. Selain pemanfaatan dan pengembangan potensi yang ada juga perlu dipertimbangkan pemanfaatan areal hutan/kawasan sebagai areal pengembangan pangan terpadu. Pola agroforestri yang lebih berorientasi komoditi pangan dapat dikembangkan. Pengembangan agroforestri dapat dilakukan dengan model silvopastur serta harus mempertimbangkan kesesuaian jenis, ekonomi dan kebijakan. Tujuan dari pengembangan model agroforestry ini adalah untuk pemanfaatan kawasan hutan guna memenuhi kebutuhan pangan masyarakat sekitar hutan khususnya dan masyarakat Indonesia umumnya.

  10. RESPON MASYARAKAT DAN DAMPAKNYA TERHADAP LINGKUNGAN DARI PROGRAM SL-PTT PADI NON HIBRIDA DI KABUPATEN HULU SUNGAI SELATAN PROVINSI KALIMANTAN SELATAN

    Ria Normanita

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Increasing the productivity of rice through the approach of Sekolah Lapang Pengelolaan Tanaman Terpadu (SL-PTT is one of the strategies that is expected to provide a greater contribution to the national rice production. Based on the results of research, the public response to the program of SL-PTT Non Hybrid Rice in Hulu Sungai Selatan was in the high category (85.71%. Factors affecting the public response to the program were the information, the field guides, the assistance component whereas those having no effects to the public response were the education, the practice, and the application of PTT. The environmental impact of the program of SLPTT Non Hybrid Rice was positive in the economic aspect, which could create welfare for farmers implementing the program. The Social aspect giving a positve impact was  through the transmission of technology adoption that could be applied to non-rice farmers who lived around the area of SL-PTT. The negative impact was the social jealousy among the people who could all not get involved in the program of SL-PTT Non Hybrid Rice.

  11. Analysis on The Roles of Stakeholders in The Management of Integrated Breeding Beef Cattle Farm Program at PT KPC East Kutai

    J. Ariansyah

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available An analysis of the roles of stakeholders was conducted as a continuity program of Peternakan Sapi Terpadu (PESAT; integrated beef cattle farm following the coal mining deactivation by PT Kaltim Prima Coal (KPC of East Kutai, East Kalimantan. The purpose of this study was to formulate stakeholders relation in the future program. The stakeholders involved in this program were PT KPC, local breeders, Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Pertanian (STIPER; Agriculture Academy of East Kutai, and the local government of East Kutai. The stakeholders analysis was based on the variables of the importance and influence from every analyzed stakeholder. The analysis model used here was the model introduced by Reed et al. (2009. According to the result of the stakeholders analysis, PT KPC was in the key-player quadrant, which score is 25 in both of the interest and the influencial level, while the three others, such as, local breeders, STIPER of East Kutai, and the East Kutai Government were in the subject quadrant. Their score were 24 and 7 for Local breeders, 21 and 9 for STIPER of East Kutai, and 16 and 13 for The East Kutai Government. It means, they had high interest but low influence to the program. The conclusion of this analysis shows that PT KPC is still dominating in the PESAT program management, whereas the three other stakeholders are acting merely as program users that have low involvement in the program management.

  12. Association between Exclusive Breastfeeding and Child Development

    Ghaniyyatul Khudri

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Child development highly correlates with child’s quality. The fastest child development period is during the first three years, also called golden period. This research was aimed to discover correlation between exclussive breastfeeding and child development in Cipacing Village Jatinangor, district of Sumedang. Methods: This research was conducted using cross-sectional method in thirteen Pos Pelayanan Terpadu (Posyandu Cipacing Village in Jatinangor. One hundred and two children aged 12−24 months with their caregiver were recruited as respondents by using cluster sampling method. Hist ory of exclusive breastfeeding was assessed with questionnaire while child development status was assesed with Kuesioner Pra Skrining Perkembangan (KPSP in September 2013 after informed consent was obtained. Chi-square test analysis was performed to determine correlation between exclusive breastfeeding and child development status. Results: Overall, children in Cipacing Village had non-exclusive breastfeeding history (83.3%, and only 16.7% respondents had exclusive breastfeeding history. Meanwhile, 89.2% of children had normal development status, and 10.8% had delayed development status. Statistic analysis using chi-square test in the level of 95% confidence between exclusive breastfeeding and child development showed p=0.686 and odds ratio 2.133. Conclusions: There is no significant relationship between history of exclusive breastfeeding and child development status.

  13. Pengembangan E-Lecture menggunakan Web Service Sikadu untuk Mendukung Perkuliahan di Universitas Negeri Semarang

    Anggyi Trisnawan Putra

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Proses penjadwalan di Universitas Negeri Semarang yang sedemikian rumit menghasilkan data penjadwalan yang tersimpan di dalam database Sikadu (Sistem Informasi Akademik Terpadu berupa keterkaitan antara data dosen, mahasiswa, dan mata kuliah. Namun, data ini tidak diintegrasikan secara langsung ke dalam aplikasi/sistem e-learning yang disediakan oleh Unnes, mengakibatkan adanya proses/kegiatan yang tidak perlu sebelum dapat menggunakan aplikasi e-learning. Dengan fakta bahwa data penjadwalan dapat diakses secara online, dapat dirancang aplikasi pendukung e-lecture dengan memanfaatkan data tersebut. Pertama-tama, dirancang web service yang akan menyajikan akses aman ke dalam data Sikadu. Lalu, dirancang database e-lecture yang akan memanfaatkan web service yang telah dibuat tersebut. Data akan disajikan dalam interface yang dibuat dengan HTML, bermesin PHP. Dosen dan mahasiswa dapat menggunakan akses login yang sama dengan Sikadu untuk dapat langsung memanfaatkan aplikasi ini. Dengan adanya aplikasi ini, proses perkuliahan meliputi sharing bahan ajar, pemberian tugas/aktivitas kuliah, integrasi pengumpulan tugas, koreksi nilai tugas, pembatasan waktu pengumpulan tugas secara tegas (tersistem dan lain sebagainya dapat dilakukan secara mudah dan efisien. 

  14. APLIKASI PENGOLAHAN DATA NASABAH KOPERASI JASA KEUANGAN BMT ARTHA MANDIRI AL MIFTAH KOTA METRO

    M. Nur Salim

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Perancangan system yang baru untuk aplikasi pengolahan data nasabah pada koperasi jasa keuangan syari’ah (KJKS balai usaha mandiri terpadu (BMT artha mandiri Al Miftah Kota Metro yaitu menggunakan aliran informasi, diagram konteks, bagan alir dokumen, dan data flow diagram (DFD, entry relationship diagram (ERD, dan normalisasi. Bahasa pemograman yang digunakan yaitu Delphi 7.Berdasarkan perancangan aplikasi pengolahan data jaminan nasabah dibuat, maka proses pengolahan data jaminan nasabah dapat berjalan dengan cepat, yaitu entry data dilakukan menggunakan computer yang telah terprogram sehingga proses pengolahan data menjadi lebih cepat dari sebelumnya. Perancangan aplikasi pengolahan data jaminan nasabah terdiri dari login user, tampilan menu, entry data nasabah dan data jaminan, ubah data nasabah dan data jaminan, lihat data nasabah dan data jaminan, cetak laporan data nasabah dan cetak laporan data jaminan. Sehingga dalam aplikasi pengolahan data jaminan nasabah akan menghasilkan laporan data nasabah serta laporan data jaminan dan aplikasi ini dapat menghasilkan dokumen sebagai arsip fisik dalam bentuk cetakan laporan maupun arsip elektronik dalam bentuk data/file.

  15. PENINGKATAN KUALITAS JARINGAN KOMUNIKASI SEKTOR INDUSTRI DENGAN INTELLIGENT NETWORK SEBAGAI UPAYA PERLUASAN DAERAH PEMASARAN

    Haryanto Haryanto

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available Satu hal yang paling penting dalam upaya peningkatan profit adalah dengan penambahan dan perluasan daerah pemasaran, serta adanya sistem informasi yang terpadu dari pusat ke tiap unit yang dimiliki. Perluasan daerah pemasaran dapat diwujudkan dengan adanya sistem telekomunikasi yang lancar dan dapat menjangkau di tiap daerah yang akan dijadikan sebagai daerah pemasaran. Sehingga hal ini diharapkan tidak akan menghambat proses pendistribusian produk maupun informasi dari tiap daerah tujuan. Intelligent Network (Jaringan Cerdas adalah suatu arsitektur jaringan telekomunikasi yang memiliki tujuan untuk memberikan framework sehingga kerja dari jaringan untuk implementasi, kontrol, dan management menjadi lebih efektif serta lebih ekonomis, dan lebih cepat proses kerjanya dibandingkan arsitektur jaringan yang digunakan saat ini. Untuk meningkatkan kualitas jaringan komunikasi memerlukan infrastruktur yang memadai. Tidak luput dari standar mengenai spesifikasi yang menyangkut mobile system yang akan digunakan. Sehingga perkembangan suatu teknologi akan dapat berefek terjangkaunya komunikasi di daerah-daerah yang terisolasi, sehingga meningkatkan perkembangan daerah tersebut, bahkan tidak menutup kemungkinan dengan adanya peningkatan jaringan komunikasi di daerah maka akan memunculkan daerah-daerah sentra produksi di bidang industri. Peningkatan mobilitas komponen usaha yang tidak diperkirakan sebelumnya, semakin menuntut kemampuan sistem jaringan komunikasi dan data, serta pengembangan jenis-jenis pelanggan baru. Dengan adanya peranan Intelligent Network sebagai konsep arsitektur jaringan, maka akan mendapatkan solusi yang lebih baik untuk memenuhi segala kebutuhan.

  16. Penerapan Teknologi RFID untuk Purwarupa Pencatatan Presensi Mahasiswa di Laboratorium Komputer

    Robby Tan

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Student presence is one of many the academic process. Currently, Information Technology Faculty still uses student signature in Daftar Hadir Mahasiswa dan Dosen (DHMD as proof of attendance. Every week, DHMD will be collected and student presence data will be inserted in Sistem Akademik Terpadu (SAT. The DHMD signing process is likely to lead to a loss of student concentration as it may take a while for the signature before returning to the lecturer's explanation. In addition, there are often signature errors in the sense that students sign other students' presences. In finding a solution to the problem, a prototype of presence attendance system is constructed so lecturer can monitor the while minimizing the process of the error occurring. This research utilizes RFID technology in form of the lecturer card and student identity card (KTM. The process of card identification and creating the flow process of capture digital presence can help the academic process work well. The conclusion of the research that has been done is the data stored in RFID has been successfully read and made in the form of digital attendance data.

  17. Audit Capability EAM menggunakan COBIT 5 dan ISO 55002 pada Perusahaan Kelistrikan Negara

    Ni Kadek Rahayu Widya Utami

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Manajemen aset distribusi merupakan sistem komputerisasi terpadu yang dapat membantu optimalisasi kegiatan maintenance dengan mengatur, menjadwalkan, merencanakan kegiatan pemeliharaan sumber daya sesuai dengan tujuan perusahaan. PT.X sebagai perusahaan pengelola kelistrikan di Bali, saat ini melakukan penggabungan antara pengelolaan aset distribusi perusahaan dengan teknologi informasi yang menghasilkan EAM. Penerapan audit capability manajemen aset distribusi yang belum pernah dilakukan PT.X menjadi alasan dilakukannya penelitian ini. Audit capability dilakukan untuk mengetahui tingkat kematangan sistem serta melakukan analisis kondisi eksisting dari manajemen aset distribusi dalam perannya memenuhi tujuan perusahaan. COBIT 5 dan ISO 55002 digunakan sebagai panduan untuk melakukan analisa terhadap kelayakan sebuah investasi teknologi informasi yang sudah dilakukan oleh sebuah perusahaan. Hasil dari audit terpilih 3 domain yakni EDM 02, EDM 05 dan APO 11 yang menjadi domain evaluasi capability level dengan analisis GAP pada setiap domainnya. Penyusunan rekomendasi menggunakan 7 klausul ISO 55002 untuk penerapan manajemen aset distribusi yang lebih baik. Kata Kunci: Manajemen Aset Distribusi, Capability Level COBIT 5, GAP, ISO 55002

  18. APLIKASI SISTEM INFORMASI PERTANAHAN BERDASARKAN JENIS-JENIS HAK ATAS TANAH DI KANTOR PERTANAHAN KOTA SURABAYA II (STUDI KASUS KELURAHAN GENTENG, KECAMATAN GENTENG, SURABAYA

    Ery Abdul Baary

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Di Kantor Pertanahan Kota Surabaya II, sistem informasi pertanahan belum diterapkan, jadi untuk melaksanakan tugasnya hanya menggunakan sebatas peta digital, maka dari itu perlu adanya sistem informasi pertanahan yang terpadu dan mutakhir untuk mendukung dan mengoptimalkan pengelolaan sistem informasi pertanahan di Kota Surabaya II.Pada penelitian ini akan dilakukan pembuatan sistem informasi pertanahan berdasarkan jenis hak atas tanah dengan menggunakan peta digital Kelurahan Genteng, Kecamatan Genteng, Surabaya skala 1:1000, citra Quickbird 2010, database mengenai bidang tanah dan data hasil survey. Pengolahan data menggunakan software utama Autodesk Land Dekstop 2009, ArcGIS 9.3. Pembuatan program aplikasi menggunakan software Visual Basic 6.0 yang dilengkapi dengan software tambahan MapObject 2.2.Dari hasil pembuatan Sistem informasi pertanahan di Kelurahan Genteng, Program ini mampu mengidentifikasi informasi bidang tanah mengenai jenis hak atas tanah yang meliputi 224 bidang tanah yang terdiri dari 132 bidang tanah atas hak guna bangunan, 89 bidang tanah atas hak milik, dan 3 bidang tanah atas hak pakai, serta dilengkapi dengan buku panduan sehingga dapat digunakan untuk membantu dalam pengambilan kebijakan dalam rencana pelaksanaan program inventarisasi penguasaan, pemilikan, penggunaan, dan pemanfaatan tanah.

  19. Radiocesium sorption in relation to clay mineralogy of paddy soils in Fukushima, Japan

    Nakao, Atsushi, E-mail: na_4_ka_triplochiton@kpu.ac.jp [Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Kyoto Prefectural University, Hangi-cho 1-5, Shimogamo, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8522 (Japan); Ogasawara, Sho [Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Kyoto Prefectural University, Hangi-cho 1-5, Shimogamo, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8522 (Japan); Sano, Oki; Ito, Toyoaki [Field Science Center, Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Tohoku University, Naruko-Onsen 232-3, Osaki, Miyagi 989-6711 (Japan); Yanai, Junta [Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Kyoto Prefectural University, Hangi-cho 1-5, Shimogamo, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8522 (Japan)

    2014-01-01

    Relationships between Radiocesium Interception Potential (RIP) and mineralogical characteristics of the clay fraction isolated from 97 paddy soils (Hama-dori, n = 25; Naka-dori, n = 36; Aizu, n = 36) in Fukushima Prefecture, Japan were investigated to clarify the mineralogical factors controlling the {sup 137}Cs retention ability of soils (half-life 30.1 y). Of all the fission products released by the Fukushima accident, {sup 137}Cs is the most important long-term contributor to the environmental contamination. The RIP, a quantitative index of the {sup 137}Cs retention ability, was determined for the soil clays. The composition of clay minerals in the soil clays was estimated from peak areas obtained using X-ray diffraction (XRD) analyses. The predominant clay mineral was smectite in soils from Hama-dori and Aizu, while this was variable for those from Naka-dori. Native K content of the soil clays was found to be an indicator of the amount of micaceous minerals. The average RIP for the 97 soil clays was 7.8 mol kg{sup −1}, and ranged from 2.4 mol kg{sup −1} to 19.4 mol kg{sup −1}. The RIP was significantly and positively correlated with native K content for each of the geographical regions, Hama-dori (r = 0.76, p < 0.001), Naka-dori (r = 0.43, p < 0.05), and Aizu (r = 0.76, P < 0.001), while it was not related to the relative abundance of smectite. The linear relationship between RIP and native K content not only indicate a large contribution of micaceous minerals to the {sup 137}Cs retention ability of the soil clays, but also could be used to predict the {sup 137}Cs retention ability of soil clays for other paddy fields in Fukushima and other areas. - Highlights: • RIP was measured for 97 paddy soils from Fukushima to assess {sup 137}Cs retention ability. • The dominant clay mineral was smectite, but this did not control RIP. • RIP was positively correlated with native K content. • Micaceous minerals were found to control the {sup 137}Cs retention

  20. Clinical characteristics of synthetic cannabinoid-induced psychosis in relation to schizophrenia: a single-center cross-sectional analysis of concurrently hospitalized patients

    Altintas M

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Merih Altintas,1 Leman Inanc,2 Gamze Akcay Oruc,1 Selim Arpacioglu,1 Huseyin Gulec1 1Department of Psychiatry, Erenköy Mental and Neurological Diseases Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, 2Department of Psychiatry, Dr Cevdet Aykan Mental Health and Diseases Hospital, Tokat, Turkey Background: This study aimed to evaluate synthetic cannabinoid (SC-induced psychosis in terms of patient profile and clinical characteristics with reference to concurrently hospitalized schizophrenic patients. Methods: A total of 81 male patients diagnosed with psychotic disorder induced by the use of SCs (n=50; mean (standard deviation [SD] age: 25.9 (5.5 years or with schizophrenia (n=31, mean (SD age: 42.9 (11.6 years based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, diagnosis criteria who were concurrently hospitalized at Erenköy Mental and Neurological Diseases Training and Research Hospital were included in this cross-sectional study. Data on sociodemographic characteristics, Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS, Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS, Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB, Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HRSD, and Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A were recorded in all the patients. Results: Mean (SD age at disease onset in SC-induced psychosis patients was 22.3 (5.6 years; 26.0% had suicidal ideation and 58.4% were hospitalized involuntarily. Marijuana was the most common first used substance (72.0%, and solitary use of SC was noted in 38.0% of patients. SC-induced psychosis patients had similar PANSS positive, BPRS, HRSD, and FAB scores and significantly lower PANSS negative scores (18.0 [6.5] vs 22.3 [6.0], P=0.004 than patients with schizophrenia, while they had similar HAM-A scores (17.8 [10.3] vs 21.6 [5.5], P=0.085 as young schizophrenics. Age at onset for SC (r=0.364, P=0.05 or substance (r=0.395, P=0.01 use was correlated positively with total FAB scores.Conclusion: In conclusion, our

  1. [Resting state fMRI study of emotional network in patients with postconcussion syndrome].

    Zhang, X; Qian, R B; Fu, X M; Lin, B; Zhang, D; Xia, C S; Wei, X P; Niu, C S; Wang, Y H

    2017-07-04

    Objective: To discuss functional connectivity changes in the emotional network of patients with post-concussion syndrome (PCS) and their clinical significance by resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI). Methods: Twenty-seven patients with PCS were recruited from the Department of Neurosurgery of Anhui provincial hospital affiliated to Anhui medical university from October 2015 to April 2016, and 27 healthy subjects were recruited as the controls. The Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) and The Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD) were used to evaluate the emotional state of two groups of subjects. All fMRI data were preprocessed after RS-fMRI scanning, the left and right amygdala were selected as region of interest (ROI) to make functional connectivity (FC) calculation with the whole brain and then the results were did statistical analysis in order to obtain the altered brain areas of amygdala and whole brain functional connectivity in the PCS patient, to understand the functional changes of emotional network. Results: HAMA and HAMD scores of PCS group and the health controls had significant statistical difference (HAMA: the PCS group 9.8±1.5, the health controls 4.5±1.2, P =0.044; HAMD: the PCS group 12±1.2, the health controls was 4.2±1.5, P =0.024). Compared with the health controls, the left amygdala in PCS patients showed decreased FC with left insula, left putamen, left anterior cingulate gyrus, left inferior orbital frontal gyrus, left medial superior frontal gyrus, bilateral superior temporal gyrus, left superior temporal pole, bilateral supramarginal gyrus et al, on the contrary with the increased FC with right superior orbital frontal gyrus, right middle frontal lobe, right orbital frontal lobe, right middle frontal gyrus. The right amygdala in PCS patients showed decreased FC with bilateral putamen, right inferior orbital frontal gyrus, left insula, bilateral precuneus, bilateral superior temporal pole, right superior temporal gyrus

  2. Progress toward a unified kJ-machine CANDY

    Kitagawa, Yoneyoshi; Mori, Yoshitaka; Komeda, Osamu; Hanayama, Ryohei; Ishii, Katsuhiro; Okihara, Shinichiro; Fujita, Kazuhisa; Nakayama, Suisei; Sekine, Takashi; Sato, Nakahiro; Kurita, Takashi; Kawashima, Toshiyuki; Watari, Takeshi; Kan, Hirofumi; Nakamura, Naoki; Kondo, Takuya; Fujine, Manabu; Azuma, Hirozumi; Motohiro, Tomoyoshi; Hioki, Tatsumi

    2016-01-01

    To construct a unified experimental machine CANDY using a kJ DPSSL driver in the fast-ignition scheme, the Laser for Fast Ignition Experiment (LFEX) at Osaka is used, showing that the laser-driven ions heat the preimploded core of a deuterated polystyrene (CD) shell target from 0.8 keV to 2 keV, resulting in 5 x 10 8 DD neutrons best ever obtained in the scheme. 4-J/10-Hz DPSSL laser HAMA is for the first time applied to the CD shell implosion- core heating experiments in the fast ignition scheme to yield neutrons and also to a continuous target injection, which yields neutrons of 3 x 10 5 n/4πsr n/shot. (paper)

  3. EVALUASI SANITATION STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES KERUPUKAMPLANG DI UD SARINA KECAMATAN KALIANGET KABUPATEN SUMENEP

    Ach Triharjono

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Industri pangan untuk menghasilkan produk yang memenuhi standar keamanan pangan. Standar tersebut dapat dipenuhi dengan menerapkan 8 aspek kunci Sanitation Standard Operating Prosedures (SSOP. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk memperoleh hasil penerapan 8 aspek kunci Sanitation Standard Operating Procedures (SSOP dan mengevaluasi penerapan Sanitation Standard Operating Procedures (SSOP Di UD Sarina Kecamatan Kalianget Kabupaten Sumenep. Jenis penelitian ini bersifat deskriptif dengan lokasi penelitian di UD Sarina Kecamatan Kalianget Kabupaten Sumenep. Hasil penelitian diketahui bahwa penerapan 8 aspek kunci Sanitation Standard Operating Procedures (SSOP di UD Sarina sudah terlaksana tapi terdapat 3 tahapan kunci yang belum terlaksana dengan baik yaitu pencegahan kontaminasi silang, pengawasan kondisi kesehatan personil dan menghilangkan hama dari unit pengolahan. Hal yang perlu ditingkatkan terkait dengan penerapan SSOP di UD Sarina yaitu masih perlu adanya manual prosedur untuk berbagai pelaksanaan sanitasi yang dilakukan oleh UD Sarina ini

  4. Israel and Iran's Nuclear Program: Groundless Obsession or Genuine Concern?

    Menashri, David

    2008-01-01

    The combination of radical ideology, as espoused by Iran's leadership, and weapons of mass destruction (WMD) is the root cause of Israeli concerns. Iran's attitude towards Israel seems to be rooted in a deep sense of religious mission, identification with the Palestinian problem, opposition to Israel and to its policies. For Islamic Iran, Judaism is a religion, not a nationality, and therefore Jews do not have the right to a state, certainly not in the Middle East. Moreover Iran supports Islamic groups as Hezbollah and Hamas. In this context Israel should view the Iranian nuclear program as the problem of the world, but the international community is not doing what it is supposed to do to solve the problem

  5. Japanese aquaculture with thermal water from power plants

    Kuroda, T.

    1977-01-01

    The present level of thermal aquaculture, utilizing thermal water which is waste cooling water from nuclear power plant, in Japan is reported. There are 13 major potential areas for thermal aquaculture in cooperation with conventional type thermal power plants, seven of which are actually operating. Aquaculture facilities of all these are on land, none in the sea. Of these seven centers, those that have already commercialized their nursery methods or are approaching that stage of research and development, are Tohoku Hatsuden Kogyo Ltd., Tsuruga Hama Land Ltd. and Kyushu Rinsan Ltd. Major problems faced specialists in Japanese thermal aquaculture are water temperature, water quality, radioactivity and costs. For keeping the water temperature constant all seasons, cooling or heating by natural sea water may be used. Even negligible amounts of radioactivity that nuclear power plants release into the sea will concentrate in the systems of marine life. A strict precautionary checking routine is used to detect radioactivity in marine life. (Kobatake, H.)

  6. Sunni and Shi’a Terrorism: Differences that Matter

    2008-12-29

    Upon the United States (Washington, DC: St. Martin’s Press, 2004), 88‐89.  The  report’s  language  was curiously qualified when discussing the Iranian...such a tactic cannot be ruled out in the future.  84 Poland, the Czech Republic, the  Slovak  Republic...Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine (DFLP)*    Hamas*    Iranian Extremists/Militants – Kuwait ( label  applied by Sunni Kuwait  government

  7. A study of the use of radioimmunoscintigraphy (RIA) with the monoclonal antibody MAb-170, and fluorine-18 flurodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (18FDG-PET) for the preoperative imaging of complex ovarian masses and their ability to identify ovarian cancer

    Lieberman, Gidon

    The hypothesis for this study is whether the newer diagnostic techniques of radioimmunoscintigraphy (RIS) utilising radiolabelled monoclonal antibodies and 2-[[18]F] fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose ([18]FDG) imaging using a double headed gamma camera offer improvements in preoperative selection for referral of patients to Cancer Centres. Monoclonal antibody radioimmunoscintigraphy (RIS) is hindered by several factors including false positive results due to physiological excretion, concern over production of human anti-mouse antibodies (HAMA) that would prevent repeated doses and difficulty in precisely relating areas of accumulation and anatomy. [18]FDG imaging relies on the accumulation of radiolabelled sugars, and subsequent breakdown products within tumour. [18]FDG imaging with dedicated positron emission tomography has real potential, but its use is limited by large capital outlay. Newer techniques involving "dual headed cameras" (DHC) offer PET capability at a lower cost. Chapter two describes the evaluation of a monoclonal antibody (MAb-170) in 27 women who presented with suspicious pelvic masses. The preoperative clinical, radiological and radioimmunoscintigraphy findings are compared to those at surgery and subsequent histology. All 18 patients with malignant or borderline ovarian cancer were correctly identified using RIS. The overall sensitivity and specificity for all sites were 100% and 38%. RIS was particularly useful in the identification of (intra-abdominal) serosal deposits. Enzyme linked immunosorbant assay (ELISA) was used to quantify the HAMA. A strong HAMA production was seen in at least 3 patients, however HAMA response was independent of clinical parameters. Chapter three describes the immunohistochemical staining of paraffin embedded biopsy specimens from the 27 patients who underwent RIS with MAb-170. The original research into the cellular location of the specific epitope to which the antibody interacts was performed on isopentane frozen biopsies

  8. Exact Bremsstrahlung and effective couplings

    Mitev, Vladimir [Institut für Physik, WA THEP, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz,Staudingerweg 7, 55128 Mainz (Germany); Institut für Mathematik und Institut für Physik, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin,IRIS Haus, Zum Großen Windkanal 6, 12489 Berlin (Germany); Pomoni, Elli [DESY Hamburg, Theory Group, Notkestrasse 85, D-22607 Hamburg (Germany); Physics Division, National Technical University of Athens,15780 Zografou Campus, Athens (Greece)

    2016-06-13

    We calculate supersymmetric Wilson loops on the ellipsoid for a large class of N=2 SCFT using the localization formula of Hama and Hosomichi. From them we extract the radiation emitted by an accelerating heavy probe quark as well as the entanglement entropy following the recent works of Lewkowycz-Maldacena and Fiol-Gerchkovitz-Komargodski. Comparing our results with the N=4 SYM ones, we obtain interpolating functions f(g{sup 2}) such that a given N=2 SCFT observable is obtained by replacing in the corresponding N=4 SYM result the coupling constant by f(g{sup 2}). These “exact effective couplings” encode the finite, relative renormalization between the N=2 and the N=4 gluon propagator and they interpolate between the weak and the strong coupling. We discuss the range of their applicability.

  9. Efficacy and tolerability of escitalopram in treatment of major depressive disorder with anxiety symptoms: a 24-week, open-label, prospective study in Chinese population

    Jiang KD

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Kaida Jiang,1 Lingjiang Li,2 Xueyi Wang,3 Maosheng Fang,4 Jianfei Shi,5 Qiuyun Cao,6 Jincai He,7 Jinan Wang,8 Weihao Tan,8 Cuili Hu8 1Psychiatry Department, Shanghai Mental Health Center, Shanghai, 2Psychiatry Department,The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, 3Psychiatry Department, First affiliated Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, 4Psychiatry Department, Wuhan Mental Health Center, Wuhan, 5Psychiatry Department, Hangzhou the 7th Hospital, Hangzhou, 6Psychology Department, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, Nanjing, 7Neurology Department, First affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, 8Medical Affairs Department, Xi’an Janssen Pharmaceutical Ltd., Beijing, People’s Republic of China Background: Significant anxiety symptoms are associated with poor clinical course and outcome in major depressive disorder (MDD. This single-arm, open-label study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of escitalopram treatment in patients with MDD and anxiety symptoms. Methods: Adult patients with MDD and anxiety symptoms (Montgomery–Asberg Depression Rating Scale [MADRS] ≥22 and Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale [HAM-A] ≥14 were enrolled and received escitalopram (10–20 mg/day treatment for 24 weeks. Symptom status was assessed by MADRS, 17-item-Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, HAM-A, and Clinical Global Impression Scale at baseline and the following visits. Quality of life was assessed by Short Form-12, and safety was evaluated by adverse events, laboratory investigations, vital signs, and physical findings. Results: Overall, 200 of 318 (66.2% enrolled patients completed the 24-week treatment. The remission (MADRS ≤10 and HAM-A ≤7 rate in the full analysis set (N=285 was 73.3% (95% confidence interval: 67.80, 78.38 at week 24. Mean (± standard deviation MADRS total score was 33.4 (±7.13 and HAM-A score was 27.6 (±7.26 at baseline, which reduced to 6.6 (±10.18 and 6.0 (±8

  10. 不同类型音乐对缓解乳腺癌患者化疗焦虑、抑郁的效果研究%Effect of different types of music to alleviate the chemotherapy anxiety and depression of the patients with breast cancer

    胡淑贤; 石搏; 黄可欣

    2013-01-01

    目的:探讨不同类型音乐对缓解乳腺癌术后患者化疗焦虑、抑郁的作用.方法:将首次接受化学治疗的乳腺癌改良根治术后120例患者分为莫扎特音乐干预组(莫扎特音乐+化疗)40例、梁祝音乐干预组(梁祝音乐+化疗)40例和对照组(单纯化疗)40例,检测3组肿瘤患者的抑郁及焦虑自评量表(SDS、SAS)、汉密尔顿抑郁及焦虑量表(HAMD、HAMA)和生活质量评定(QLQ-CCC)指标的变化.结果:对照组化疗后SDS、SAS、HAMD和HAMA与化疗前比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),化疗后QLQ-CCC明显低于化疗前差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);莫扎特音乐干预组化疗后SDS、SAS、HAMD和HAMA低于化疗前但差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),化疗后QLQ-CCC与化疗前差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);梁祝音乐干预组化疗后SDS、SAS、HAMD和HAMA明显低于化疗前差异有统计学意义(P<0.01),化疗后QLQ-CCC与化疗前差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论:梁祝音乐能明显降低乳腺癌化疗患者的焦虑、抑郁及提高患者生活质量;莫扎特音乐降低乳腺癌化疗患者的焦虑、抑郁不明显,但不会降低患者生活质量.%Objective: To explore the effect of different types of music to ease the breast cancer patients after chemotherapy anxiety and depression. Methods: A total of 120 patients who would be received the first chemotherapy after modified radical mastectomy were randomly divided into 3 groups; Mozart intervention group (Mozart + chemotherapy) (40 cases) , lovers music intervention group ( Butterfly music + chemotherapy) (40 cases) and control group ( chemotherapy alone) (40 cases). The self - rating scale of depression and anxiety (SDS, SAS), the scale of Hamilton depression and anxiety (HAMD, HAMA) and the assessment of life quality (QLQ - CCC) were observed in the three groups. Results: In control group, the differences of SDS, SAS, HAMD and HAMA between before and after chemotherapy were not

  11. Development of new versions of anti-human CD34 monoclonal antibodies with potentially reduced immunogenicity

    Qian Weizhu; Wang Ling; Li Bohua; Wang Hao; Hou Sheng; Hong Xueyu; Zhang Dapeng; Guo Yajun

    2008-01-01

    Despite the widespread clinical use of CD34 antibodies for the purification of human hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells, all the current anti-human CD34 monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) are murine, which have the potential to elicit human antimouse antibody (HAMA) immune response. In the present study, we developed three new mouse anti-human CD34 mAbs which, respectively, belonged to class I, class II and class III CD34 epitope antibodies. In an attempt to reduce the immunogenicity of these three murine mAbs, their chimeric antibodies, which consisted of mouse antibody variable regions fused genetically to human antibody constant regions, were constructed and characterized. The anti-CD34 chimeric antibodies were shown to possess affinity and specificity similar to that of their respective parental murine antibodies. Due to the potentially better safety profiles, these chimeric antibodies might become alternatives to mouse anti-CD34 antibodies routinely used for clinical application

  12. Human antibody fragments specific for the epidermal growth factor receptor selected from large non-immunised phage display libraries.

    Souriau, Christelle; Rothacker, Julie; Hoogenboom, Hennie R; Nice, Edouard

    2004-09-01

    Antibodies to EGFR have been shown to display anti-tumour effects mediated in part by inhibition of cellular proliferation and angiogenesis, and by enhancement of apoptosis. Humanised antibodies are preferred for clinical use to reduce complications with HAMA and HAHA responses frequently seen with murine and chimaeric antibodies. We have used depletion and subtractive selection strategies on cells expressing the EGFR to sample two large antibody fragment phage display libraries for the presence of human antibodies which are specific for the EGFR. Four Fab fragments and six scFv fragments were identified, with affinities of up to 2.2nM as determined by BIAcore analysis using global fitting of the binding curves to obtain the individual rate constants (ka and kd). This overall approach offers a generic screening method for the identification of growth factor specific antibodies and antibody fragments from large expression libraries and has potential for the rapid development of new therapeutic and diagnostic reagents.

  13. Clinical assay stage I clinical trial with the murine monoclonal antibody IOR-T1: Pharmacokinetic and immune answers

    Faxas Garcia, Maria E.; Guerra Yi, Marta E.; Alvarez, Alejandro; Calderon, Carlos

    2003-01-01

    As part of the stage I clinical trial with the murine monoclonal antibody IOR-T1 at repeated doses (200-800 mg) in patients carriers of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, the pharmacokinetics and the response against the mouse protein (HAMA) were studied in the 10 patients under treatment. It was observed a great individual variation in the maximum concentration in serum, which was estimated at 2 hours. The mean life time of the monoclonal antibody was between 13.93 and 19.6 hours. Most of the patients developed antibodies against the monoclonal antibody IOR-T1. The presence of this second antibody did not alter significantly the pharmacokinetics of the administered monoclonal antibody

  14. Exercise impact on depressed patients’ self

    Mohammadi-Nezhad, Mahdi

    . A sample of 96 Danish psychiatric patients completed the PSPP, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAMA). The Danish version of the PSPP showed high internal consistency and Applying the exploratory and confirmatory factor......The overall aim of the present thesis is to investigate the effects of aerobic, anaerobic and relaxation forms of exercise on physical self-perception and self-esteem of Danish epressed patients. This study was designed as part of a larger project called DEMO which was a parallel-group, randomised...... of the Physical Self-Perception Profile (PSPP) in Danish depressed patients. We also tested the ability of the PSPP for discriminant validity when depression groups were compared with normal adults. The mediating role of self-esteem in physical self-perceptions and negative affect relationship were examined...

  15. 优质护理服务对HIE恢复期患儿家长心理焦虑的改善%Influence of quality care on psychological anxiety of parents of hospitalized children in HIE convalescence

    杜慧莹; 贺莉; 陈艳妮

    2012-01-01

    Objective To explore the influence of quality care on psychological anxiety of parents of hospitalized children in convalescence of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy( HIE ). Methods Thirty parents of children hospitalized in department of child care and rehabilitation and in HIE recovery period were randomly chosen as study objects. Parents whose children were given quality care were recruited in experimental group, and parents whose children were not given quality care were recruited in control group. At the time of admission and 7 th day of hospitalization, Hamilton Anxiety Scale ( HAM A ) was used to understand the situation of psychological anxiety of two groups. Results At the time of admission, parents in two groups had anxiety of different degree, and the scores of HAMA and the incidence of anxiety showed no significant difference between two groups ( all P >0. 05 ). Seven days later HAMA score of experimental group was 9. 2 ?.9, which was lower than that of control group ( 14. 0 ?2. 1 ) (t = 2. 492, P 0.05.接受优质护理服务的家长HAMA评分为14.0±2.1(对照组为9.2±2.9),t=2.492,P<0.05;焦虑心理发生率低于对照组,差异有统计学意义,χ2=3.86,P<0.05.结论 优质护理服务活动的开展可减轻HIE恢复期住院患儿家长的心理焦虑,值得推广.

  16. Engineering a 3D-Bioprinted Model of Human Heart Valve Disease Using Nanoindentation-Based Biomechanics

    Dewy C. van der Valk

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available In calcific aortic valve disease (CAVD, microcalcifications originating from nanoscale calcifying vesicles disrupt the aortic valve (AV leaflets, which consist of three (biomechanically distinct layers: the fibrosa, spongiosa, and ventricularis. CAVD has no pharmacotherapy and lacks in vitro models as a result of complex valvular biomechanical features surrounding resident mechanosensitive valvular interstitial cells (VICs. We measured layer-specific mechanical properties of the human AV and engineered a three-dimensional (3D-bioprinted CAVD model that recapitulates leaflet layer biomechanics for the first time. Human AV leaflet layers were separated by microdissection, and nanoindentation determined layer-specific Young’s moduli. Methacrylated gelatin (GelMA/methacrylated hyaluronic acid (HAMA hydrogels were tuned to duplicate layer-specific mechanical characteristics, followed by 3D-printing with encapsulated human VICs. Hydrogels were exposed to osteogenic media (OM to induce microcalcification, and VIC pathogenesis was assessed by near infrared or immunofluorescence microscopy. Median Young’s moduli of the AV layers were 37.1, 15.4, and 26.9 kPa (fibrosa/spongiosa/ventricularis, respectively. The fibrosa and spongiosa Young’s moduli matched the 3D 5% GelMa/1% HAMA UV-crosslinked hydrogels. OM stimulation of VIC-laden bioprinted hydrogels induced microcalcification without apoptosis. We report the first layer-specific measurements of human AV moduli and a novel 3D-bioprinted CAVD model that potentiates microcalcification by mimicking the native AV mechanical environment. This work sheds light on valvular mechanobiology and could facilitate high-throughput drug-screening in CAVD.

  17. Depressive symptoms, anxiety, and quality of life in women with pelvic endometriosis.

    Sepulcri, Rodrigo de P; do Amaral, Vivian F

    2009-01-01

    To assess depressive symptoms, anxiety and quality of life in women with pelvic endometriosis. A prospective study of 104 women diagnosed with pelvic endometriosis. The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAM-D) were used to evaluate depressive symptoms; the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and the Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety (HAM-A) to evaluate anxiety symptoms; and the short (26-item) version of the World Health Organization Quality Of Life instrument (WHOQOL-BREF) to evaluate quality of life. Of the patients evaluated, 86.5% presented depressive symptoms (mild in 22.1%, moderate in 31.7%, and severe in 32.7%) and 87.5% presented anxiety (minor in 24% and major in 63.5%). Quality of life was found to be substandard. Age correlated positively with depressive symptoms, as determined using the BDI (P=0.013) and HAM-D (P=0.037). There was a positive correlation between current pain intensity and anxiety symptoms, as assessed using the STAI (state, P=0.009; trait, P=0.048) and HAM-A (P=0.0001). The complaints related to physical limitations increased in parallel with the intensity of pain (P=0.017). There was an inverse correlation between duration of treatment and quality of life (P=0.017). There was no correlation between psychiatric symptoms and endometriosis stage. A rational approach to endometriosis should include an evaluation of the emotional profile and quality of life. That approach would certainly reduce the functional damage caused by the endometriosis.

  18. A study on cognitive impairment and gray matter volume abnormalities in silent cerebral infarction patients

    Luo, Wei; Wei, Xiaofeng; Li, Mengxiong; Jiang, Xun; Li, Shanshan

    2015-01-01

    The relationship between silent cerebral infarction (SCI) and the integrity of cognitive function is unknown. We intended to investigate whether cognitive impairment is associated with gray matter volume (GMV) in the SCI patients. Sixty-two patients with SCI and 62 age- and gender-matched healthy controls (HC) were evaluated with P300 test, Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) test, Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA), and Hamilton Depression Scale (HDRS). Whole brain high-resolution T1-weighted images were processed with SPM12b software and analyzed by voxel-based morphometry (VBM). Correlation analysis was performed between the GMV and the scores of MoCA Scale, P300 latency, P300 amplitude, HAMA, HDRS, age, and educational level. The brains of the SCI patients have a significant reduction in GMV in the left superior and inferior frontal gyrus, left superior temporal gyrus, right middle temporal gyrus, and bilateral hippocampus gyrus (p < 0.01, FDR correction). No significant increase of GMV was detected. The GMV of their frontal and temporal lobes is positively correlated with the score of MoCA scale and P300 amplitude (r ≥ 0.62, p < 0.01). The GMV of frontal, temporal, and hippocampus is negatively correlated with P300 latency (r ≤ -0.71, p < 0.05). No significant correlation between the GMV of abnormal brain regions and another two clinical characteristics was found. SCI patients have impaired cognitive function and reduced GMV compared to the HC subjects. The neuropathological basis of such cognitive deficits in SCI patients might be a reduced GMV. (orig.)

  19. Investigation of attention via the counting Stroop task in patients with functional constipation.

    Sun, Yi; Li, Xiao-Yi; Yao, Lin-Yan; Zhao, Lan; Dai, Ning; Wu, Hao

    2012-02-01

    The etiology and pathology of functional constipation (FC) is unclear. Some researches suggest that psychological factors may be related to this common problem. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between attention processing and emotional status in FC patients compared with healthy controls. We investigated selective attention and emotional status in patients with FC using the counting Stroop task. Thirty-five FC patients (FCP group) and 24 healthy controls (HCs) underwent an event-related potential (ERP) study while performing the task. Response time, latency and amplitude of P300 were collected and compared between the two groups. The Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD-17), Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA), Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90) and Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ) were administered prior to the counting Stroop task. Scores for the FCP group differed significantly from those for the HCs on the HAMD-17, HAMA, SCL-90 (Global Severity Index, Positive Symptoms Total, dimensions of somatization, obsessive-compulsive, depression, anxiety, and psychosis), as well as extraversion and neurosis dimensions of the EPQ (P 0.05). ERP results showed prolonged latency at F4, additionally found enhanced activation at F3, FC1 and T8, and decreased activation at sites FC6 and P7 in the patients with FC. Statistically, significant differences of P300 latency at site F4 (P well as somatization, obsessive-compulsive tendencies and other neurotic personality characteristics. Patients may employ psychological defense mechanisms to avoid the pain of depression and anxiety. ERP results imply there may be some brain dysfunction and attention deficits in patients with FC.

  20. A pilot study of hippocampal volume and N-acetylaspartate (NAA) as response biomarkers in riluzole-treated patients with GAD.

    Abdallah, Chadi G; Coplan, Jeremy D; Jackowski, Andrea; Sato, João R; Mao, Xiangling; Shungu, Dikoma C; Mathew, Sanjay J

    2013-04-01

    Anxiolytic benefit following chronic treatment with the glutamate modulating agent riluzole in patients with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) was previously associated with differential changes in hippocampal NAA concentrations. Here, we investigated the association between hippocampal volume and hippocampal NAA in the context of riluzole response in GAD. Eighteen medication-free adult patients with GAD received 8-week of open-label riluzole. Ten healthy subjects served as a comparison group. Participants underwent magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy at baseline and at the end of Week 8. GAD patients who completed all interventions were classified as remitters (n=7) or non-remitters (n=6), based on final Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A) scores ≤7. At baseline, GAD patients had a significant reduction in total hippocampal volume compared to healthy subjects (F(1,21)=6.55, p=0.02). This reduction was most pronounced in the remitters, compared to non-remitters and healthy subjects. Delta (final-baseline) hippocampal volume was positively correlated with delta NAA in GAD. This positive association was highly significant in the right hippocampus in GAD [r=0.81, p=0.002], with no significant association in healthy subjects [Fisher r-to-z p=0.017]. Across all GAD patients, delta hippocampal volume was positively associated with improvement in HAM-A (rspearman=0.62, p=0.03). These preliminary findings support hippocampal NAA and volume as neural biomarkers substantially associated with therapeutic response to a glutamatergic drug. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. and ECNP. All rights reserved.

  1. In Schizophrenia, Depression, Anxiety, and Physiosomatic Symptoms Are Strongly Related to Psychotic Symptoms and Excitation, Impairments in Episodic Memory, and Increased Production of Neurotoxic Tryptophan Catabolites: a Multivariate and Machine Learning Study.

    Kanchanatawan, Buranee; Thika, Supaksorn; Sirivichayakul, Sunee; Carvalho, André F; Geffard, Michel; Maes, Michael

    2018-04-01

    The depression, anxiety and physiosomatic symptoms (DAPS) of schizophrenia are associated with negative symptoms and changes in tryptophan catabolite (TRYCAT) patterning. The aim of this study is to delineate the associations between DAPS and psychosis, hostility, excitation, and mannerism (PHEM) symptoms, cognitive tests as measured using the Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease (CERAD) and IgA/IgM responses to TRYCATs. We included 40 healthy controls and 80 participants with schizophrenia. Depression and anxiety symptoms were measured with The Hamilton Depression (HAM-D) and Anxiety (HAM-A) Rating Scales, respectively. Physiosomatic symptoms were assessed with the Fibromyalgia and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Rating Scale (FF). Negative symptoms as well as CERAD tests, including Verbal Fluency Test (VFT), Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Word List Memory (WLM), and WL Delayed Recall were measured, while ratios of IgA responses to noxious/protective TRYCATs (IgA NOX_PRO) were computed. Schizophrenia symptoms consisted of two dimensions, a first comprising PHEM and negative symptoms, and a second DAPS symptoms. A large part of the variance in DAPS was explained by psychotic symptoms and WLM. Of the variance in HAM-D, 58.9% was explained by the regression on excitement, IgA NOX_PRO ratio, WLM, and VFT; 29.9% of the variance in HAM-A by psychotic symptoms and IgA NOX/PRO; and 45.5% of the variance in FF score by psychotic symptoms, IgA NOX/PRO, and WLM. Neural network modeling shows that PHEM, IgA NOX_PRO, WLM, and MMSE are the dominant variables predicting DAPS. DAPS appear to be driven by PHEM and negative symptoms coupled with impairments in episodic memory, especially false memory creation, while all symptom dimension and cognitive impairments may be driven by an increased production of noxious TRYCATs, including picolinic, quinolinic, and xanthurenic acid.

  2. Thorax deformity, joint hypermobility and anxiety disorder

    Gulsun, M.; Dumlu, K.; Erbas, M.; Yilmaz, Mehmet B.; Pinar, M.; Tonbul, M.; Celik, C.; Ozdemir, B.

    2007-01-01

    Objective was to evaluate the association between thorax deformities, panic disorder and joint hypermobility. The study includes 52 males diagnosed with thorax deformity, and 40 healthy male controls without thorax deformity, in Tatvan Bitlis and Isparta, Turkey. The study was carried out from 2004 to 2006. The teleradiographic and thoracic lateral images of the subjects were evaluated to obtain the Beighton scores; subjects psychiatric conditions were evaluated using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders (SCID-1), and the Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAM-A) was applied in order to determine the anxiety levels. Both the subjects and controls were compared in sociodemographic, anxiety levels and joint mobility levels. In addition, males with joint hypermobility and thorax deformity were compared to the group with thorax deformity without joint hypermobility. A significant difference in HAM-A scores was found between the groups with thorax deformity and without. In addition, 21 subjects with thorax deformity met the joint hypermobility criteria in the group with thorax deformity and 7 subjects without thorax deformity met the joint hypermobility criteria in the group without thorax deformity, according to Beighton scoring. The Beighton score of subjects with thorax deformity were significantly different from those of the group without deformity. Additionally, anxiety scores of the males with thorax deformity and joint hypermobility were found higher than males with thorax deformity without joint hypermobility. Anxiety disorders, particularly panic disorder, have a significantly higher distribution in males subjects with thorax deformity compared to the healthy control group. In addition, the anxiety level of males with thorax deformity and joint hypermobility is higher than males with thorax deformity without joint hypermobility. (author)

  3. Imaging of infection and inflammation with 99mTc-Fanolesomab

    Love, C.; Tronco, G.G.; Palestro, G.J.

    2006-01-01

    9 9mT c-Fanolesomab, a murine M class anti granulocyte antibody, is injected directly into patients, avoiding in vitro leukocyte labeling. Normal distribution includes reticuloendothelial system, genitourinary tract, and blood pool. Small bowel activity appears within 4 h, colonic activity by 24 h. Accumulation in infection is via two mechanisms: binding to circulating neutrophils that migrate to the infection and binding to neutrophils and neutrophil debris containing CD-15 receptors already sequestered in the infection. 9 9mT c-Fanolesomab is valuable in atypical appendicitis. Its sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy, in 200 patients were 91%, 86%, and 87%, respectively. This agent is comparable to 1 11I n- labeled leukocytes for diagnosing osteomyelitis in the appendicular skeleton in general and in diabetic patients with pedal ulcers. Preliminary experience suggests 9 9mT c-Fanolesomab might replace in vitro labeled leukocytes for other indications as well. Initial clinical investigations found the agent was safe. A transient decrease in circulating leukocytes within 20 min after injection occurred, but with no associated clinical complaints. Recovery averaged about 20 min. One study found no statistically significant HAMA titer elevation and no adverse reactions following injection. In another investigation 5 out of 30 subjects who received two separate antibody injections, exhibited HAMA induction with no serious or severe adverse events. Forty-nine adverse events, including 4 severe ones, were reported among 523 subjects in clinical trials. In 2004, 9 9mT c-Fanolesomab was approved in the United States for use in patients with equivocal presentation of appendicitis. However, following postmarketing reports of serious adverse events, including two fatalities, the agent was withdrawn in late 2005, and its future is uncertain

  4. Ziprasidone Augmentation of Escitalopram for Major Depressive Disorder: Efficacy Results From a Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study.

    Papakostas, George I; Fava, Maurizio; Baer, Lee; Swee, Michaela B; Jaeger, Adrienne; Bobo, William V; Shelton, Richard C

    2015-12-01

    The authors sought to test the efficacy of adjunctive ziprasidone in adults with nonpsychotic unipolar major depression experiencing persistent symptoms after 8 weeks of open-label treatment with escitalopram. This was an 8-week, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, placebo-controlled trial conducted at three academic medical centers. Participants were 139 outpatients with persistent symptoms of major depression after an 8-week open-label trial of escitalopram (phase 1), randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to receive adjunctive ziprasidone (escitalopram plus ziprasidone, N=71) or adjunctive placebo (escitalopram plus placebo, N=68), with 8 weekly follow-up assessments. The primary outcome measure was clinical response, defined as a reduction of at least 50% in score on the 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D). The Hamilton Anxiety Rating scale (HAM-A) and Visual Analog Scale for Pain were defined a priori as key secondary outcome measures. Rates of clinical response (35.2% compared with 20.5%) and mean improvement in HAM-D total scores (-6.4 [SD=6.4] compared with -3.3 [SD=6.2]) were significantly greater for the escitalopram plus ziprasidone group. Several secondary measures of antidepressant efficacy also favored adjunctive ziprasidone. The escitalopram plus ziprasidone group also showed significantly greater improvement on HAM-A score but not on Visual Analog Scale for Pain score. Ten (14%) patients in the escitalopram plus ziprasidone group discontinued treatment because of intolerance, compared with none in the escitalopram plus placebo group. Ziprasidone as an adjunct to escitalopram demonstrated antidepressant efficacy in adult patients with major depressive disorder experiencing persistent symptoms after 8 weeks of open-label treatment with escitalopram.

  5. Indium-111-labeled B72. 3 monoclonal antibody in the detection and staging of breast cancer: A phase 1 study

    Lamki, L.M.; Buzdar, A.U.; Singletary, S.E.; Rosenblum, M.G.; Bhadkamkar, V.; Esparza, L.; Podoloff, D.A.; Zukiwski, A.; Hortobagyi, G.N.; Murray, J.L. (Department of Nuclear Medicine, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston (USA))

    1991-07-01

    Sixteen patients with primary breast cancer were studied with a pancarcinoma monoclonal antibody B72.3, an IgG1 molecule directed against tumor-associated glycoprotein (TAG-72) present in several tumors. Five millicuries of 111In was used to label 0.2 mg (six patients), or 2 mg (six patients), or 20 mg using the site-directed bifunctional DTPA method (at carbohydrate moiety). Digital, planar, and SPECT images were obtained at 2, 48, 72 and 96 hr when possible. HAMA levels were obtained before the Mab infusion and at 1, 3, and 6 wk postinfusion. Fourteen of 14 known primary breast lesions were detected by imaging (100% sensitivity). Two fibrocystic lesions were negative. Seven of 14 patients had lymph node metastases by histologic methods, but all were missed by radioimmunoscintigraphy. Tumor uptake of Mab ranged 0.00054%-0.0038% of the ID/g. The tumor-to-normal breast tissue ratio was 4.3 {plus minus} 0.91 (mean {plus minus} s.e.m.). Lymph nodes localization of 111In-B72.3 by tissue analysis was similar for tumor-bearing and normal nodes (0.0039 {plus minus} 0.0023 versus 0.0025 {plus minus} 0.0019). Pharmacokinetics revealed mean plasma half-life of 33.3-41.2 hr for the different doses. There was no statistical difference between any of the pharmacokinetic parameters of different doses. HAMA was positive only in 17% of the patients. The study suggests that this antibody has 100% sensitivity for primary breast cancers, but very poor detection rate of metastatic lesions in axillary lymph nodes; thus making it of questionable value in the initial staging process of this disease.

  6. Evaluation of anxiety, depression and suicidal intent in undergraduate dental students: A cross-sectional study

    Manish Bathla

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: There is an increasing amount of stress in undergraduate dental students leading to anxiety, depression, and suicidal attempts/suicide. Aims: This study aims to evaluate anxiety, depression and suicidal intent in undergraduate dental students and to find out the various areas of stress. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted using a semi-structured questionnaire (to assess academic and nonacademic areas of stress and three scales-Hamilton scale for anxiety (HAM-A; Hamilton depression rating scale (HDRS and Beck′s Suicide Intent Scale (BSI. Descriptive statistics; Pearson′s Chi-square test; Multiple ANOVA; Kruskal-Wallis test and Mann-Whitney test were used to analyze the data at the significant level of P ≤ 0.05. Results: In a total of 258 dental undergraduate students, academic areas of stress that were found to be statistically significant were long teaching hours (P = 0.002; high workload (P ≤ 0.001; frequency of tests (P ≤ 0.001 and competition/fear of failure (P = 0.009. Lack of interest in the profession was a statistically significant nonacademic area for stress (P ≤ 0.001. The students of first and final year reported higher anxiety (HAM-A 13.93 ± 6.908 and 16.44 ± 7.637 respectively and depression (HDRS 14.29 ± 6.302 and 14.22 ± 5.422; whereas suicidal intent was reported almost the same throughout the study sample (BSI 5.65 ± 5.465. Conclusion: An increasing level of anxiety, depression and suicidal intent due to various stressors in undergraduate dental students indicate a need to modify current education system and timely help to have psychological healthy dental professionals in future.

  7. A study on cognitive impairment and gray matter volume abnormalities in silent cerebral infarction patients

    Luo, Wei; Wei, Xiaofeng; Li, Mengxiong [The First Affiliated Hospital of Yangtze University, Biomedical Engineering Laboratory, Jingzhou, Hubei (China); Jiang, Xun [Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Biomedical Engineering Laboratory, Wuhan, Hubei (China); Li, Shanshan [JingZhou City Central Blood Bank, Jingzhou, Hubei (China)

    2015-08-15

    The relationship between silent cerebral infarction (SCI) and the integrity of cognitive function is unknown. We intended to investigate whether cognitive impairment is associated with gray matter volume (GMV) in the SCI patients. Sixty-two patients with SCI and 62 age- and gender-matched healthy controls (HC) were evaluated with P300 test, Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) test, Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA), and Hamilton Depression Scale (HDRS). Whole brain high-resolution T1-weighted images were processed with SPM12b software and analyzed by voxel-based morphometry (VBM). Correlation analysis was performed between the GMV and the scores of MoCA Scale, P300 latency, P300 amplitude, HAMA, HDRS, age, and educational level. The brains of the SCI patients have a significant reduction in GMV in the left superior and inferior frontal gyrus, left superior temporal gyrus, right middle temporal gyrus, and bilateral hippocampus gyrus (p < 0.01, FDR correction). No significant increase of GMV was detected. The GMV of their frontal and temporal lobes is positively correlated with the score of MoCA scale and P300 amplitude (r ≥ 0.62, p < 0.01). The GMV of frontal, temporal, and hippocampus is negatively correlated with P300 latency (r ≤ -0.71, p < 0.05). No significant correlation between the GMV of abnormal brain regions and another two clinical characteristics was found. SCI patients have impaired cognitive function and reduced GMV compared to the HC subjects. The neuropathological basis of such cognitive deficits in SCI patients might be a reduced GMV. (orig.)

  8. Technetium-99m antimyosin antibody (3-48) myocardial imaging: human biodistribution, safety and clinical results in detection of acute myocardial infarction

    Taillefer, R.; Boucher, L.; Lambert, R.; Gregoire, J.; Phaneuf, D.C.; Sikorsa, H.

    1995-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the human biodistribution, the safety profile and the sensitivity of 99m Tc-AM (3-48) imaging in the detection of both Q-wave and non-Q-wave myocardial infarction (MI). Biodistribution and safety parameters were mainly determined in 12 normal healthy volunteers while 40 patients with proven MI (22 Q-wave, 18 non-Q-wave) were injected with 99m Tc-AM (20-25 mCi) between 5 h and 7 days after the onset of acute chest pain. Three standard planar views were performed at 6 h and at 24 h post injection. Both sets of images were completed in 33 patients while two patients were imaged only at 6 h, three patients only at 18 h and one at 18 and 24 h. One patient was not imaged. Vital signs and ECG were recorded and blood samples for haematology, biochemistry and human antimurine antibodies (HAMA) and urinalysis were obtained in all volunteers and patients. No serious adverse reactions or side-effects attributable to 99m -Tc-AM have been reported. No volunteers or patients developed allergic reactions or significant increases in HAMA titres. Reading of 99m Tc-AM imaging was performed by two blinded experienced observers. The sensitivity of 99m Tc-AM in the detection of MI was 100% for Q-wave and 83.3% for non-Q-wave infarctions. The overall sensitivity was 92.3%. The three false-negative case were inferoposterior MI. A certain degree of uptake focalization was seen in 26 out of 35 at 6 h. At 24 h, two patients did not show 99m Tc-AM uptake while 22 showed intense focal uptake, seven moderate uptake and 3 slight uptake. (orig./MG)

  9. A comparison between two lingual orthodontic brackets in terms of speech performance and patients' acceptance in correcting Class II, Division 1 malocclusion: a randomized controlled trial

    Samiha Haj-Younis

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Objective: To compare speech performance and levels of oral impairment between two types of lingual brackets. Methods: A parallel-group randomized controlled trial was carried out on patients with Class II, Division 1 malocclusion treated at the University of Hama School of Dentistry in Hama, Syria. A total of 46 participants (mean age: 22.3 ± 2.3 years with maxillary dentoalveolar protrusion were randomly distributed into two groups with 23 patients each (1:1 allocation ratio. Either STb (Ormco or 7th Generation (Ormco lingual brackets were applied. Fricative sound/s/ spectrograms were analyzed directly before intervention (T0, one week following premolar extraction prior to bracket placement (T1, within 24 hours of bracket bonding (T2, one month after (T3, and three months after (T4 bracket placement. Patients′ acceptance was assessed by means of standardized questionnaires. Results: After bracket placement, significant deterioration in articulation was recorded at all assessment times in the 7th Generation group, and up to T3 in the STb group. Significant intergroup differences were detected at T2 and T3. No statistically significant differences were found between the two groups in reported tongue irritation levels, whereas chewing difficulty was significantly higher in the 7th Generation group one month after bracket placement. Conclusions: 7th Generation brackets have more interaction with sound production than STb ones. Although patients in both groups complained of some degree of oral impairment, STb appliances appeared to be more comfortable than the 7th Generation ones, particularly within the first month of treatment.

  10. A comparison between two lingual orthodontic brackets in terms of speech performance and patients' acceptance in correcting Class II, Division 1 malocclusion: a randomized controlled trial

    Haj-Younis, Samiha; Khattab, Tarek Z.; Hajeer, Mohammad Y.; Farah, Hassan

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT Objective: To compare speech performance and levels of oral impairment between two types of lingual brackets. Methods: A parallel-group randomized controlled trial was carried out on patients with Class II, Division 1 malocclusion treated at the University of Hama School of Dentistry in Hama, Syria. A total of 46 participants (mean age: 22.3 ± 2.3 years) with maxillary dentoalveolar protrusion were randomly distributed into two groups with 23 patients each (1:1 allocation ratio). Either STb (Ormco) or 7th Generation (Ormco) lingual brackets were applied. Fricative sound/s/ spectrograms were analyzed directly before intervention (T0), one week following premolar extraction prior to bracket placement (T1), within 24 hours of bracket bonding (T2), one month after (T3), and three months after (T4) bracket placement. Patients′ acceptance was assessed by means of standardized questionnaires. Results: After bracket placement, significant deterioration in articulation was recorded at all assessment times in the 7th Generation group, and up to T3 in the STb group. Significant intergroup differences were detected at T2 and T3. No statistically significant differences were found between the two groups in reported tongue irritation levels, whereas chewing difficulty was significantly higher in the 7th Generation group one month after bracket placement. Conclusions: 7th Generation brackets have more interaction with sound production than STb ones. Although patients in both groups complained of some degree of oral impairment, STb appliances appeared to be more comfortable than the 7th Generation ones, particularly within the first month of treatment. PMID:27653268

  11. Sequential use of indium-111 labeled monoclonal antibodies 96.5 and ZME-018 does not increase detection sensitivity for metastatic melanoma

    Frontiera, M.; Murray, J.L.; Lamki, L.

    1989-01-01

    Two indium-111 labeled anti-melanoma murine monoclonal antibodies (MAb), 96.5 and ZME-018, each recognizing separate antigens on melanoma cells, were administered intravenously to 17 patients with melanoma in a sequential fashion to determine whether: (1) additional tumor sites could be imaged with the combination compared to a single Mab; (2) the first MAb influenced the biodistribution and tumor localization of the second; and (3) significantly toxicity occurred with the combination. Patients were randomized to receive either 96.5, followed by ZME-018, ZME-018 followed by 96.5, or each MAb followed by itself (controls). Infusions of the second MAb occurred 10 days after the first infusion. Gamma camera images were obtained 72 hours after each antibody infusion. There were 139 known metastatic sites of which 72 lesions were localized by either MAb for an overall sensitivity of 52%. The detection rate was higher when lesions only greater than 1.5 cm were considered. Imaging results were independent of MAb administration sequence. When ZME-018 was given as the first infusion, when ZME-018 was given as a second infusion (p = NS). However, mean sensitivities using 96.5 as the first or second infusion were 48% and 66% respectively (p = NS). There was not a significant number of sites detected by MAb 2 that were missed by MAb 1. Human anti-murine antibody (HAMA) response occurred in seven of eight patients studied; two patients who experienced toxicity had levels of HAMA greater than 2000 ng/ml. We conclude that the use of these two murine anti-melanoma monoclonal antibodies given in sequential fashion did not significantly change the imaging sensitivity from that seen with each individual antibody

  12. The association of affective temperaments with smoking initiation and maintenance in adult primary care patients.

    Eory, Ajandek; Rozsa, Sandor; Gonda, Xenia; Dome, Peter; Torzsa, Peter; Simavorian, Tatevik; Fountoulakis, Konstantinos N; Pompili, Maurizio; Serafini, Gianluca; Akiskal, Knarig K; Akiskal, Hagop S; Rihmer, Zoltan; Kalabay, Laszlo

    2015-02-01

    Smoking behaviour and its course is influenced by personality factors. Affective temperaments could allow a more specific framework of the role trait affectivity plays in this seriously harmful health-behaviour. The aim of our study was to investigate if such an association exists in an ageing population with a special emphasis on gender differences. 459 primary care patients completed the TEMPS-A, Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A). Subjects were characterized according to their smoking behaviour as current, former or never smokers. Univariate analysis ANOVA and logistic regression were performed to analyse differences in the three smoking subgroups to predict smoking initiation and maintenance. Current smokers were younger and less educated than former or never smokers. Males were more likely to try tobacco during their lifetime and were more successful in cessation. Depressive, cyclothymic and irritable temperament scores showed significant differences between the three smoking subgroups. Irritable temperament was a predictor of smoking initiation in females whereas depressive temperament predicted smoking maintenance in males with a small, opposite effect of HAM-A scores independent of age, education, lifetime depression and BDI scores. Whereas smoking initiation was exclusively predicted by a higher BDI score in males, smoking maintenance was predicted by younger age and lower education in females. The cross-sectional nature of the study design may lead to selective survival bias and hinder drawing causal relationships. Affective temperaments contribute to smoking initiation and maintenance independently of age, education, and depression. The significant contribution of depressive temperament in males and irritable temperament in females may highlight the role of gender-discordant temperaments in vulnerable subgroups. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  13. A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, fixed-dose phase III study of vilazodone in patients with generalized anxiety disorder.

    Gommoll, Carl; Durgam, Suresh; Mathews, Maju; Forero, Giovanna; Nunez, Rene; Tang, Xiongwen; Thase, Michael E

    2015-06-01

    Vilazodone, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor and 5-HT1A receptor partial agonist, is approved for treating major depressive disorder in adults. This study (NCT01629966 ClinicalTrials.gov) evaluated the efficacy and safety of vilazodone in adults with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). A multicenter, double-blind, parallel-group, placebo-controlled, fixed-dose study in patients with GAD randomized (1:1:1) to placebo (n = 223), or vilazodone 20 mg/day (n = 230) or 40 mg/day (n = 227). Primary and secondary efficacy parameters were total score change from baseline to week 8 on the Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety (HAMA) and Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS), respectively, analyzed using a predefined mixed-effect model for repeated measures (MMRM). Safety outcomes were presented by descriptive statistics. The least squares mean difference (95% confidence interval) in HAMA total score change from baseline (MMRM) was statistically significant for vilazodone 40 mg/day versus placebo (-1.80 [-3.26, -0.34]; P = .0312 [adjusted for multiple comparisons]), but not for vilazodone 20 mg/day versus placebo. Mean change from baseline in SDS total score was not significantly different for either dose of vilazodone versus placebo when adjusted for multiplicity; significant improvement versus placebo was noted for vilazodone 40 mg/day without adjustment for multiplicity (P = .0349). The incidence of adverse events was similar for vilazodone 20 and 40 mg/day (∼71%) and slightly lower for placebo (62%). Nausea, diarrhea, dizziness, vomiting, and fatigue were reported in ≥5% of patients in either vilazodone group and at least twice the rate of placebo. Vilazodone was effective in treating anxiety symptoms of GAD. No new safety concerns were identified. © 2015 The Authors. Depression and Anxiety published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  14. Activity of Liquid Smoke of Tobacco Stem Waste as An Insecticide on Spodoptera litura Fabricius Larvae

    Heri Prabowo

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The use of chemical insecticide in crop protection around the world has resulted in disturbances of the environment. Therefore, it is necessary to develop for environmentally friendly insect pest management techniques such as the activity of liquid smoke made from tobacco stem waste as an insecticide to Spodoptera litura. Activity of liquid smoke of tobacco stem waste was carried out at the laboratory condition. The results showed that the application of liquid smoke by using the spraying method (direct method showed better results compared to the results of feeding method (indirect method. Lethal concentration (LC at 5 days after treatment, LC50 and LC75 values the direct method of 2.9% and 8.87%, while the indirect method of 6,99% and 21.03%. The sub lethal concentration did not cause mortality of S. litura larvae, but inhibited the growth such as indicated by lower weight of larval and pupal in treated larvae than in control. Liquid smoke of tobacco stem waste has activity as an insecticide to S. litura.   INTISARI Penggunaan pestisida kimia dalam pengendalian hama di dunia telah menimbulkan gangguan terhadap lingkungan. Maka teknik pengendalian hama yang ramah lingkungan perlu dikembangkan, misalnya aktivitas asap cair limbah batang tembakau sebagai insektisida pada Spodoptera litura. Aktivitas asap cair limbah batang tembakau dilakukan pada kondisi laboratorium. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa aplikasi asap cair secara langsung (metode semprot lebih efektif daripada tidak langsung (metode celup pakan. Lethal concentration (LC pada 5 hari setelah perlakuan, LC50 dan LC75 pada aplikasi langsung sebesar 2,9% dan 8,87%, sedangkan pada aplikasi tidak langsung 6,99% dan 21,03%. Konsentrasi subletal tidak menyebabkan kematian S. litura tetapi mampu menghambat pertumbuhan yang diindikasikan dengan rendahnya bobot larva dan pupa S. litura. Asap cair limbah batang tembakau bersifat insektisida terhadap larva S. litura.

  15. The effect of fecal microbiota transplantation on psychiatric symptoms among patients with irritable bowel syndrome, functional diarrhea and functional constipation: An open-label observational study.

    Kurokawa, Shunya; Kishimoto, Taishiro; Mizuno, Shinta; Masaoka, Tatsuhiro; Naganuma, Makoto; Liang, Kuo-Ching; Kitazawa, Momoko; Nakashima, Moeko; Shindo, Chie; Suda, Wataru; Hattori, Masahira; Kanai, Takanori; Mimura, Masaru

    2018-08-01

    The intestinal microbiota is considered as a potential common underpinning pathophysiology of Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders (FGIDs) and psychiatric disorders such as depression and anxiety. Fecal Microbiota Transplantation (FMT) has been reported to have therapeutic effects on diseases related to dysbiosis, but few studies have evaluated its effect on psychiatric symptoms. We followed 17 patients with either Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), Functional Diarrhea (FDr) or Functional Constipation (FC) who underwent FMT for the treatment of gastrointestinal symptoms and observation of psychiatric symptoms. Changes in Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAM-D) and subscale of sleep-related items, Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety (HAM-A) and Quick Inventory for Depressive Symptoms (QIDS) between baseline and 4 weeks after FMT, and relationship with the intestinal microbiota were measured. At baseline, 12 out of 17 patients were rated with HAM-D ≥ 8. Significant improvement in HAM-D total and sleep subscale score, HAM-A and QIDS were observed (p = 0.007, p = 0.007, p = 0.01, p = 0.007, respectively). Baseline Shannon index indicated that microbiota showed lower diversity in patients with HAM-D ≥ 8 compared to those of healthy donors and patients with HAM-D control group. Our results suggest that depression and anxiety symptoms may be improved by FMT regardless of gastrointestinal symptom change in patients with IBS, FDr and FC, and the increase of microbiota diversity may help to improve patient's mood. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  16. A comparison between two lingual orthodontic brackets in terms of speech performance and patients' acceptance in correcting Class II, Division 1 malocclusion: a randomized controlled trial.

    Haj-Younis, Samiha; Khattab, Tarek Z; Hajeer, Mohammad Y; Farah, Hassan

    2016-01-01

    To compare speech performance and levels of oral impairment between two types of lingual brackets. A parallel-group randomized controlled trial was carried out on patients with Class II, Division 1 malocclusion treated at the University of Hama School of Dentistry in Hama, Syria. A total of 46 participants (mean age: 22.3 ± 2.3 years) with maxillary dentoalveolar protrusion were randomly distributed into two groups with 23 patients each (1:1 allocation ratio). Either STb (Ormco) or 7th Generation (Ormco) lingual brackets were applied. Fricative sound/s/ spectrograms were analyzed directly before intervention (T0), one week following premolar extraction prior to bracket placement (T1), within 24 hours of bracket bonding (T2), one month after (T3), and three months after (T4) bracket placement. Patients' acceptance was assessed by means of standardized questionnaires. After bracket placement, significant deterioration in articulation was recorded at all assessment times in the 7th Generation group, and up to T3 in the STb group. Significant intergroup differences were detected at T2 and T3. No statistically significant differences were found between the two groups in reported tongue irritation levels, whereas chewing difficulty was significantly higher in the 7th Generation group one month after bracket placement. 7th Generation brackets have more interaction with sound production than STb ones. Although patients in both groups complained of some degree of oral impairment, STb appliances appeared to be more comfortable than the 7th Generation ones, particularly within the first month of treatment.

  17. A double-blind randomized placebo-controlled pilot study of neuropsychiatric adverse events in abstinent smokers treated with varenicline or placebo.

    Garza, Dahlia; Murphy, Michael; Tseng, Li-Jung; Riordan, Henry J; Chatterjee, Anjan

    2011-06-01

    Varenicline is an α4β2 partial nicotinic agonist approved for smoking cessation. There have been spontaneous postmarketing reports of neuropsychiatric adverse events (NPAEs) in smokers without a history of psychiatric illness quitting with varenicline. One hundred ten smokers without history of psychiatric illness (screened by Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV) were randomized to 12 weeks of varenicline 1 mg twice daily (n = 55) or placebo. Adverse events were solicited systematically. Depressive symptoms, anxiety, aggression, and irritability were measured at baseline and weekly using the Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS), the Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAM-A), and the Overt Aggression Scale-Modified (OAS-M). The Profile of Mood States (POMS) was administered daily. Mixed-model analysis of repeated measures was conducted to compare mean changes in scores between groups across study periods. Participants' mean baseline characteristics were 33 years of age, 22 cigarettes/day and Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence score > 7. Reported NPAEs were similar between groups. No suicidal events were reported. There were no significant differences between groups for the MADRS (treatment difference vs. placebo = .03, 95% confidence interval [CI] -.68-.73; NS), HAM-A (treatment difference [TD] = .14, 95% CI -.62-.90; NS), OAS-M Aggression subscale (TD = .5, 95% CI -1.18-2.18; NS), OAS-M Irritability subscale (TD = .08, 95% CI -.17-.34; NS), and the POMS total scores (TD = .5, 95% CI -.52-1.53; NS). There were no significant differences between groups on measures of depressive symptoms, anxiety, or aggression/hostility. Systematically solicited NPAEs were similar between the varenicline and placebo groups. Copyright © 2011 Society of Biological Psychiatry. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. The Efficacy of Neurofeedback in Patients with Major Depressive Disorder: An Open Labeled Prospective Study.

    Cheon, Eun-Jin; Koo, Bon-Hoon; Choi, Joong-Hyun

    2016-03-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of neurofeedback on depressive symptoms and electrophysiological disturbances in patients with major depressive disorder. We recruited participants suffering from depression to evaluate efficacy of left prefrontal beta with alpha/theta training. An 8-week, prospective, open-label study was undertaken. Twenty participants were recruited. The treatment protocol was twice or three times a week training of beta at F3 with alpha/theta at Pz for 8 weeks. When every visit, patients were received beta training for 30 min, and then alpha/theta training for 30 min. Baseline, 4 and 8 week scores of; the Hamilton rating scale for Depression (HAM-D), the Hamilton rating scale for Anxiety (HAM-A), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)-II, the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Clinical global impression-severity (CGI-S), and pre- and post-treatment resting state EEGs were compared. Interhemispheric alpha power asymmetry (A score) was computed for homologous sites F3-F4. Pre- and post-training clinical assessments revealed significant improvements in HAM-D, HAM-A, BDI, and CGI-S scores. Cumulative response rates by HAM-D were 35.0 and 75.0 % at 4 and 8 weeks, respectively, corresponding cumulative remission rates by HAM-D were 15.0 and 55.0 %, respectively. No significant differences were found between pre- and post-treatment A score. Neurofeedback treatment could improve depressive symptoms significantly. In addition, anxiety symptoms and clinical illness severity decreased significantly after neurofeedback treatment. Despite its several limitations, such as, small sample size and lack of a control group, this study suggested neurofeedback has significant effects in patients with major depressive disorder.

  19. Effects of a music-creation programme on the anxiety, self-esteem, and quality of life of people with severe mental illness: A quasi-experimental design.

    Chang, Beh-Huan; Chen, Bo-Wei; Beckstead, Jason W; Yang, Chiu-Yueh

    2018-06-01

    Many studies have shown that music therapy improves patients' symptoms. However, interventions using music creation as their core await further development for patients with severe mental illness (SMI). The current study investigated the effect of a music-creation programme on the anxiety, self-esteem, and quality of life of patients with SMI. A quasi-experimental design using convenience sampling was adopted to recruit patients with SMI from a psychiatric day care centre. Participants were grouped based on their willingness to undergo an intervention (26 patients in the experimental group and 23 patients in the control group). The control groups participated in conventional mental rehabilitation therapy activities. The experimental group participated in a music-creation session for 90 min every week over a 32-week period. The outcome indicators before and after the intervention were assessed using the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A), Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), and World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF). Finally, the intervention effect was determined using generalized estimating equations (GEEs). After 32 weeks of intervention activities, the experimental group showed significant improvements in their HAM-A total scores (P < 0.001) and RSES total scores (P = 0.005). Regarding quality of life, the improvements of the experimental group in terms of the psychological (P = 0.016) and social relationship domains (P = 0.033) were superior to those of the control group. Music-creation programmes are recommended for inclusion in the routine rehabilitation activities of patients with SMI. © 2017 Australian College of Mental Health Nurses Inc.

  20. Genetically engineered multivalent single chain antibody constructs for cancer therapy

    Surinder Batra

    2006-01-01

    Current therapeutic approaches against the advanced stages of human solid tumors are palliative rather than curative. Many modalities, including, surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy, either alone or in combination have met with only modest success for advanced metastatic cancers. Radioimmunotherapy (RIT) combines the specificity of monoclonal antibodies with cytotoxic effects of radioisotopes. It is the ''smart'' way of delivering radiation to the known and occult metastatic cancer cells and is independent of drug toxicity and/or hormone resistance. The tumor associated glycoprotein-72 (TAG-72) containing the unique disaccharide sialyl-Tn, is highly expressed in majority of adenocarcinomas, including carcinomas of the prostate, breast, ovaries, pancreas and colon (80-90%) compared to undetectable expression in normal tissues. Monoclonal antibody CC49, reactive with TAG-72, after conjugation to potent gamma- and beta-emitting radionuclides, has been useful in selective systemic radiolocalization of disease and therapy of primary and metastatic tumor sites. However, limited therapeutic responses were observed in patients. Limited success of antibody based delivery of radioisotopes can be attributed to several factors including undesirable pharmacokinetics, poor tumor uptake and high immunogenicity of intact antibodies (IgGs). The primary factors contributing towards the failure of RIT include: (1) longer serum half-lives of the intact IgG molecules resulting in the radiotoxicity, (2) generation of human antibodies against murine antibodies (HAMA) that limits the frequency of dose administration, (3) poor diffusion rates of intact IgG due to the large size and (4) high interstitial fluid pressures (IFP) encountered in solid tumors. The major goal of our multidisciplinary project was to develop specific novel radiopharmaceuticals, with desired pharmacokinetics, for the diagnosis and therapy of solid tumors. To overcome the low uptake of radioactivity by tumors and to

  1. MANFAAT PENGAWASAN BAGI PARA BURUH (PEKERJA

    Ridho Mubarak

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Hakikat pengawasan ketenagakerjaan adalah kegiatan mengawasi dan menegakkan pelaksanaan peraturan perundang-undangan di bidang ketenagakerjaan.Hubungan antara pembinaan dan pengawasan merupakan pasangan yang tidak dapat dipisahkan, jika mengharapkan suatu pencapaian yang maksimal.Dalam hal pembinaan tenaga kerja tidak cukup hanya sebatas pembinaan melainkan untuk kelangsungan dalam perealisasian dari pembinaan tersebut harus dilakukan pengawasan sistematis, tercatat, dan terpadu, agar hasil dari pembinaan tersebut harus teraplikasi dalam dunia kerja dan berdayaguna dalam meningkatkan kesejahteraan para pekerja.Pengawasan ketenagakerjaan adalah kegiatan mengawasi dan menegakkan pelaksanaan peraturan perundang-undangan di bidang ketenagakerjaan, sehingga dalam upaya ini pihak pemerintah pun mengadakan unit kerja pengawasan ketenagakerjaan dari puncak sampai ke bagian terendah, Pegawai Pengawas Ketenagakerjaan, bahkan menteri pun memiliki tugas di bidang ini. Perlindungan antara pengawasan ketenagakerjaan dan keberhasilan kerja selalu dilakukan dalam satu kesatuan sistem pengawasan yang terpadu, terkoordinasi dan terintegrasi yang meliputi unit kerja pengawasan ketenagakerjaan, pengawas ketenagakerjaan, dan tata cara pengawasan ketenagakerjaan.Amran B, 2006, Huku Perburuhan dan Ketenagakerjaan Indonesia, FH UTND, MedanAnderson, F, Twomey, 1987, Business Law, South Western Publishing, West ChicagoDjumialdji, FX., Wiwoho S, 1987, Perjanjian Perburuhan dan Hubungan Perburuhan Pancasila, Bina Aksara, Jakarta.Lase, A.Y., Isnaini, dan Syafaruddin, (2018, Hubungan Sistem Pengupahan Dengan Tingkat Kesejahteraan Buruh Di (PT Persero Pelindo 1 Cabang Gunung Sitoli, Mercatoria, 1 (2: 141-149 Nadapdap, G, 2005, Kumpulan Hak-hak Buruh/Pekerja, Kelompok Pelita Sejahtera, MedanProdjohamidjojo, M, Seri Pemerataan Keadilan, Ganti Rugi dan Rehabilitasi, Ghalia Indonesia, JakartaSoepomo, I, 1987, Pengantar Hukum Perburuhan, Djambatan, JakartaSuprihanto, J, 1986

  2. KAJIAN ASET NIRWUJUD DALAM MANAJEMEN SISTEM IRIGASI Study on Intangible Assets in Irrigation System Management

    Nugroho Tri Waskitho

    2012-05-01

    Fuzzy Inference System.Penelitian menghasilkan bahwa manajemen pengetahuan yang terdiri dari organisasi pembelajar, prinsip organisasi, kebijakan dan strategi organisasi, teknologi informasi dan komunikasi secara terpadu mempengaruhi aset nirwujud sistem irigasi. Aset nirwujud yang terdiri dari modal manusia, modal struktural dan modal hubungan secara terpadu mempengaruhi efektivitas sistem irigasi. Manajemen pengetahuan dalam sistem irigasi Mejing dan Sapon tingkat tersier dalam kondisi cukup baik (3,81 dalam skala 1-5 sedangkan dalam sistem irigasi Molek kondisinya jelek (2,37. Aset nirwujud dalam sistem irigasi Mejing, Sapon dan Molek tingkat tersier dalam kondisi cukup baik (3,61. Kinerja sistem irigasi yang ditunjukkan dengan nilai efektivitas dalam sistem irigasi Mejing, Sapon dan Molek sudah sangat baik (0,89-0,95 namun masih berpotensi untuk ditingkatkan. Sistem irigasi mempunyai prioritas yang berbeda dalam upaya peningkatan aset nirwujudnya. Dalam upaya peningkatan modal manusia sistem irigasi Molek, organisasi pembelajar merupakan prioritas pertama. Dalam upaya peningkatan modal struktural dan modal hubungan, kebijakan dan strategi organisasi mendapat prioritas pertama. Dalam sistem irigasi Sapon, prinsip organisasi merupakan prioritas pertama dalam upaya meningkatkan modal manusia, modal struktural dan modal hubungan. Dalam sistem irigasi Mejing, prinsip organisasi merupakan prioritas pertama dalam upaya meningkatkan modal hubungan. Sistem irigasi mempunyai prioritas yang berbeda pula dalam upaya peningkatan kinerja sistem irigasi. Dalam upaya peningkatan efektivitas sistem irigasi Mejing dan Molek, modal hubungan merupakan prioritas pertama, sedangkan dalam sistem irigasi Sapon, modal struktural merupakan prioritas yang pertama.

  3. MANAJEMEN RANTAI PASOK KOMODITAS TELUR AYAM KAMPUNG

    Saptana Saptana

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThe studied aimed to formulate an integrated policy of supply chain management development of native chicken eggs. In detail, the research objectives were: 1 to describe the actors of supply chain of native chicken eggs, 2 to analyze the Institutions of supply chain management of native chicken eggs, and 3 to analyze the value chain of native chicken eggs. The data were obtained from interviewed with breeder of native chicken and group discussion with actors of supply chain in the province of West Java, East Java and South Kalimantan. Quantitative data were analyzed using analysis of R/C ratio, marketing margin system and value chain analysis, while qualitative information with a descriptive analysis was focus on institutions of supply chain management. The results showed that: 1 The eight main actors in supply chain of native chicken eggs commodity were: government, breeding industry, breeders, farmers groups, associations of farmers groups, traders at the centers of production, traders at the centers of consumption, and industrial of cake/bread; 2 most strategic institutional in the whole of supply chain of native chicken eggs was the institutionalization of distribution and marketing, and 3 cake/ bread industrial received the largest of value-added per unit of output, while the large traders in the center of production and consumption received the greatest value in the aggregate. The overall study of policy recommendations of `the development of agribusiness of native chicken eggs was the integration of all factors connected in supply chain.Keywords: institutional , agribusiness, value chain, eggs, economic sociaty   ABSTRAKSecara umum penelitian ini bertujuan merumuskan kebijakan pengembangan manajemen rantai pasok komoditas telur ayam  kampung secara terpadu. Secara rinci tujuan penelitian adalah 1 mendeskripsikan pelaku  rantai pasok komoditas telur ayam  kampung; 2 menganalisis kelembagaan manajemen rantai pasok komoditas

  4. Pembuatan Biobriket dari Limbah Cangkang Kakao

    Munas Martynis

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Biobriquette is an alternative energy as fuel substitute which is produced from organic materials or underutilized agricultural waste (biomass. Some types of biomass waste has considerable potential as wood waste, rice husks, straw, bagasse, palm shells, and municipal solid waste. Another untapped potential is the cocoa shell waste. These wastes are not used if it will cause a bad odor and may damage ecosystems. This study aims to see the effect of particle size variations and biobriquette shape to the biobriquette compressive strength produced, quality analysis, and combustion rate of biobriquette. The making of biobriquette used starch as adhesive as much as 50% of the biobriquette weight, variations of biobriquette particle size were 30 mesh and 60 mesh, the shape of biobriquette were hollow cylinder and solid cylinder. The results showed that biobriquette generated met the fuel standards for households. The best biobriquette was hollow cylinder biobriquette with the size of 30 mesh and the resulting calorific value was more than 4000 cal/g. Based on burning test, biobriquette obtained could be used as fuel.ABSTRAKBiobriket merupakan energi alternatif pengganti bahan bakar yang dihasilkan dari bahan-bahan organik atau limbah pertanian (biomassa yang kurang termanfaatkan. Beberapa jenis limbah biomassa memiliki potensi yang cukup besar seperti limbah kayu, sekam padi, jerami, ampas tebu, cangkang sawit, dan sampah kota. Potensi lain yang belum tergarap adalah limbah cangkang kakao. Limbah-limbah tersebut apabila tidak dimanfaatkan maka akan menimbulkan bau yang tidak sedap dan dapat merusak ekosistem lingkungan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat pengaruh variasi ukuran partikel dan bentuk biobriket terhadap kuat tekan biobriket yang dihasilkan, menganalisa mutu dan laju pembakaran bioriket. Pembuatan biobriket ini menggunakan bahan perekat tepung kanji sebanyak 50 % dari berat biobriket, variasi ukuran partikel biobriket adalah 30 mesh

  5. ANALISA PEMBERLAKUAN TARIF GULA DI INDONESIA

    Lily Koesuma Widiastuty

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available The Indonesian government's decision to erase BULOG's sugar monopoly and apply a zero percent import tariff for sugar in January 1998 caused the local sugar industry to be threatened. The fact that imported sugar was cheaper than local sugar showed the inefficiency of the local sugar industry in Indonesia. This caused many sugar factories to nearly go bankrupt because they could not compete with the imported sugar. After much protest, the government retracted its decision to free the sugar market applied a 25% import tariff on sugar. This research shows that sugar importers, owners of sugar factories and the government enjoy the benefits of the tariff but that consumers and farmers do not. This study evaluates demand and supply of sugar in Indonesia before and after the government applied the import tariff. Results of welfare analysis using consumer and producer surplus show that it is better for the government to erase the tariff to make the sugar industry more efficient and protect consumers from loss. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Keputusan pemerintah Indonesia untuk mencabut monopoli BULOG dalam pengadaan gula dan menerapkan tarif impor gula sebesar nol persen pada bulan Januari 1998 mengakibatkan industri gula lokal terancam. Kenyataan bahwa saat itu gula impor lebih murah daripada harga gula lokal menunjukkan ketidakefisienan dari industri gula lokal di Indonesia. Hal ini menyebabkan banyak pabrik gula domestik terancam bangkrut karena tidak dapat bersaing dengan gula impor. Setelah terjadi protes, pemerintah Indonesia mencabut keputusan tersebut dan menggantikannya dengan tarif impor gula sebesar 25%. Penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa hanya importir gula, pemililk pabrik gula serta pemerintah yang menikmati keuntungan dari kebijakan tarif tersebut tetapi sebaliknya para konsumen dan para petani tebu tidak mengalami keuntungan. Studi ini menganalisa permintaan dan penawaran gula di Indonesia sebelum dan sesudah diterapkan tarif impor gula

  6. FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI IMPOR GULA DI INDONESIA

    Siti Nurjanah

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Peningkatan industri makanan dan minuman berarti GDP meningkat kebutuhan gula juga meningkat. Artinya, impor gula akan meningkat, apabila tidak dibarengi dengan peningkatan produksi gula nasional secara proporsional. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji dan menganalisis pengaruh jumlah industri dan Gross Domestic Product terhadap impor gula di Indonesia. Data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah data time series (tahun 1977-2012yang  diolah dan dianalisis menggunakan regresi linierordinary least square, dengan uji model dan uji hipotesis. Alat analisis ini untuk mengetahui pengaruh variable independen terhadap variable dependen. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan; secara bersama-sama variabel jumlah industri dan Gross Domestic Product berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap impor gula di Indonesia, dengan adjusted R square sebesar 82,1%. Secara parsial, jumlah industri berpengaruh positif tidak signifikan terhadap impor gula di Indonesia. Gross Domestic Product berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap impor gula di Indonesia. Implikasi dari penelitian ini melalui Menteri Pertanian melakukan swasembada gula dengan cara membangun pabrik gula baru, hasil panen akan dibeli oleh pemerintah, melakukan riset dan pengembangan budidaya tebu, serta penegakan peraturan terkait dengan tataniaga gula.  Increase food and beverage industry means that GDP increased, sugar demand is also increasing. That is to saysugar imports will increase if not accompanied by an increase. If proportion of national sugar production. This study aims to examine and analyze the effect of the number of industries and the Gross Domestic Product of the sugar imports in Indonesia. The data that are used in this study are time series data (years 1977-2012 were processed and analyzed using ordinary least squares linear regression, to test the model and hypothesis testing. This study, to determine the effect of the independent variable on the dependent variable. The results showed

  7. FAKTOR PENYEBAB KECELAKAAN KERJA DI UNIT INSTALASI PABRIK GULA

    Prilia Nor Afini

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui faktor penyebab terjadinya kecelakaan kerja yang berakibat terganggunya proses produksi, sehingga dapat dilakukan upaya pencegahan. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskripstif kualitatif dengan pendekatan studi kasus. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah pekerja Pabrik Gula Pangka yang mengalami kecelakaan kerja pada tahun 2010 sebanyak 8 orang. Sampel berjumlah 8 orang. Perolehan data langsung dari responden dengan menggunakan instrumen penelitian berupa kuesioner dan dokumen perusahaan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa umumnya kecelakaan terjadi dua bulan sekali pada masa giling tebu yaitu antara bulan Mei September. Subyek paling sering mengalami kecelakaan pada Stasiun Puteran. Penanganan kecelakaan sudah cukup baik karena langsung diberikan pertolongan pertama dan dilakukan penyidikan untuk mengetahui penyebab kecelakaannya agar tidak terulang kembali.Sebagian besar kecelakaan kerja terjadi pada subyek penelitian yang berumur di atas 50 tahun, tingkat pendidikan terbanyak SMP, dan masa kerja di atas 30 tahun. Kesimpulan yang diperoleh adalah faktor penyebab kecelakaan kerja di Pabrik Gula Pangka adalah umur, tingkat pendidikan, masa kerja, penggunaan APD, karakteristik kepribadian, pelatihan K3, dan suhu ruangan. The purpose of this study was to determine the causes of work accidents that result in disruption of the production process, so it can be done preventatively. This research was deskripstif qualitative case study approach. The population in this study were Pangka Sugar Factory workers who suffered occupational accidents in 2010 as many as 8 people. Sample of 8 people. Acquisition of data directly from respondents by using a research instrument in the form of a questionnaire and company documents. The results showed that most accidents occurred during the two months between the months of the cane milled from May to September. The subjects most frequently injured at Puteran Station

  8. PENGEMBANGAN METODE SINTESIS FURFURAL BERBAHAN DASAR CAMPURAN LIMBAH PERTANIAN DALAM RANGKA MEWUJUDKAN PRINSIP GREEN CHEMISTRY (Development Of Synthesis Method Of Furfural From Compost Heap Mixture To Reach Out Green Chemistry Principles

    Mitarlis Mitarlis

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Penelitian pengembangan metode sintesis furfural dengan bahan dasar campuran limbah pertanian dilakukan dengan tujuan untuk menentukan waktu pemanasan dan konsentrasi asam optimum serta mewujudkan prinsip green chemistry. Dalam penelitian ini digunakan campuran limbah pertanian ampas tebu, limbah daun nanas dan limbah tanaman jagung dengan perbandingan 1:1:1. Proses sintesis melalui tahap hidrolisis pentosan, dehidrasi, dan siklodehidrasi untuk membentuk furfural dengan menggunakan alat refluks termodifkasi. Identifikasi furfural menggunakan uji warna dengan anilin asetat, uji indeks bias, spektrofotometer UV-Vis, dan IR, serta GC. Analisis pemenuhan prinsip green chemistry menggunakan daftar ceck 12 prinsip green chemstry. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: Waktu pemanasan dan konsentrasi asam sulfat optimum pada pembuatan furfural dari campuran limbah pertanian adalah 5 jam dan konsentrasi asam sulfat 10% (1,876 M dengan rendemen sebesar 5,58%. Metode sintesis furfural yang dikembangkan dapat memenuhi 11 dari 12 prinsip green chemistry yang telah ditetapkan. ABSTRACT The study of developing furfural synthesis method  from  compost heap mixture had been done to determine  optimum condition for this process and  to reach out the green chemistry principles. In this research, the compost heap mixture is from three kinds of compost heap (bagasse, pineapple leaf, waste of corn plant with same amount (1:1:1. The steps of furfural production process are hydrolysis of pentose by sulfuric acid, dehydration, and cyclodehydration to form furfural. It was produced by using a modification reflux apparatus. Identify of furfural product by  using qualitative analysis color test with aniline acetate, refractive index test, UV-Vis,  IR spectrophotometer, and GC. Green chemistry principles are analyzed by using check list of 12 principles of green chemistry.  Based on this research was obtained that the optimum concentration of sulfuric acid is

  9. Tanaman Genetically Modified Organism (GMO dan Perspektif Hukumnya di Indonesia

    Yuwono Prianto

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Genetically modified organism (GMO merupakan organisme yang gen-gennya telah diubah dengan menggunakan teknik rekayasa genetika. Produk rekayasa genetika diklasifikasikan menjadi 4 macam, yaitu generasi pertama: satu sifat; generasi kedua: kumpulan sifat; generasi ketiga dan keempat: near-intragenic, intragenic, dan cisgenic. Adapun produk rekayasa genetika pada tanaman di Indonesia di antaranya adalah padi, tomat, tebu, singkong, dan kentang. Regulasi tanaman hasil rekayasa genetika diatur oleh beberapa lembaga, di antaranya Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup, Kementerian Pertanian, Komisi Keamanan Hayati, Tim Teknis Keamanan Hayati, dan Biosafety Clearing House, berdasarkan peraturan pemerintah No. 21 tahun 2005. Pengujian yang dilakukan pada produk rekayasa genetika meliputi analisis sumber gen penyebab alergi, sekuens homolog asam amino, resistensi pepsin, skrining serum, serta penggunaan hewan uji. Berbagai produk GMO di Indonesia sejauh ini merupakan produk yang dibutuhkan dalam memenuhi kebutuhan hidup sehari-hari, yang perlu diawasi secara ketat dari segi dampaknya terhadap lingkungan melalui ketentuan hukum yang berlaku, yang diwakili oleh instansi-instansi terkait tersebut.Abstract Genetically modified organism (GMO is an organism whose genes that have been altered by using genetic engineering techniques. Genetic engineering products are classified into 4 types, which are the first generation: one trait; the second generation: a collection of properties; the third and fourth generation: near-intragenic, intragenic, and cisgenic. The genetic engineering products in plants in Indonesia include rice, tomatoes, sugar cane, cassava, and potatoes. The application of the genetically engineered crops is regulated by several institutions, including the Ministry of Environment, the Ministry of Agriculture, the Biosafety Commission, the Biosafety Technical Team and the Biosafety Clearing House, under government regulation No. 21 of the year

  10. KONSEP BARU TOTAL QUALITY ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT (TQEM UNTUK MENGUJI KINERJA LINGKUNGAN

    Yana Ulfah

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis sebuah model mengontrol orientasi (Penelitian ini menguji pengaruh moderating dari Total Quality Manajemen Lingkungan Hidup (TQEM pada hubungan antara manajemen rantai pasokan hijau (GSCM dan kinerja lingkungan (EP. Premis penelitian adalah bahwa upaya organisasi total dari manajemen puncak dan karyawan memfasilitasi pelaksanaan GSCM, yang pada akhirnya meningkatkan kinerja hijau. Kerangka sampel termasuk unit bisnis strategis dari perusahaan atas industri otomotif dan elektronik di Indonesia. Sebanyak 200 kuesioner dikirimkan bersama dengan surat lamaran dan ongkos kiri. Hasil temuan menggambarkan GSCM yang positif pada lingkungan hidup kinerja TQEM Dan ini menunjukkan efek moderat yang kuat pada kinerja lingkungan hidup ada minimisasi limbah dan berbahaya minimalisasi bahan. Studi ini menunjukkan bahwa penting untuk mempertimbangkan penerapan TQEM dalam hal dukungan manajemen puncak, keterlibatan karyawan, pemasok dan koordinasi untuk melengkapi praktek GSCM. Temuan ini penting untuk kedua peneliti dan praktisi karena menunjukkan perlunya upaya terpadu program tersebut.This research examines the moderating influence of Total Quality Environmental Management (TQEM on the relationship between green supply chain management (GSCM and environmental performance (EP. The premise of the study is that the total organizational effort from top management and employees decide to facilitate the implementation of GSCM, which in turn increases the green performance. Sample frame includes a strategic business unit of the company’s automotive and electronics industries in Indonesia. The findings illustrate the positive GSCM performance environment TQEM and it shows a strong moderate effect on the environmental performance of existing hazardous waste minimization and minimization of material. This study concludes that it is important to consider the application of TQEM in terms of top management support

  11. IMPLEMENTASI PENDIDIKAN BUDAYA DAN KARAKTER BANGSA DALAM KURIKULUM TINGKAT SATUAN PENDIDIKAN (KTSP DI SEKOLAH

    Dhikrul Hakim

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Pendidikan adalah suatu upaya sadar untuk mengembangkan potensi peserta didik secara optimal. Usaha sadar itu tidak boleh dilepaskan dari lingkungan peserta didik berada, terutama dari lingkungan budayanya, karena peserta didik hidup tak terpisahkan dalam lingkungannya dan bertindak sesuai dengan kaidah-kaidah budayanya. Pada prinsipnya, pengembangan budaya dan karakter bangsa tidak dimasukkan sebagai pokok bahasan tetapi terintegrasi ke dalam mata pelajaran, pengembangan diri, dan budaya sekolah. Oleh karena itu, guru dan sekolah perlu mengintegrasikan nilai-nilaiyang dikembangkan dalam pendidikan budaya dan karakter bangsa ke dalam Kurikulum Tingkat Satuan Pendidikan (KTSP, Silabus dan Rencana Program Pembelajaran (RPP yang sudah ada. Pendidikan budaya dan karakter bangsa perlu ditanamkan dan dikembangkan lewat dunia pendidikan, dapat diimplementasikan secara terpadu dengan kegiatan-kegiatan pendidikan di sekolah, dengan tujuan untuk mereaktualisasi konsep pendidikan budaya dan karakter bangsa di sekolah agar  dalam pelaksanaannya diterapkan ke dalam kurikulum di sekolah dan direalisasikan peserta didik dalam kehidupan sehari-hari.Education is a conscious effort to develop the potential of learners optimally. The conscious effort may not be separated from the learners’ environment, especially the cultural environment. It must be done due the students live inseparable in their environment which acted upon the rules of the culture. Basically, the development of culture and the national character are not included as the main subject but integrated into a lesson, self-development, and school culture. Therefore, the joining between the teachers and the schools will integrate the values developed in the cultural education and the national character into KTSP, syllabus and lesson plan that are available. The cultural education and the national character need to be invested and developed through education. It also  can be implemented in an

  12. PERANCANGAN DATABASE TELECENTER - JATIM BERBASIS WEB

    Erma Suryani

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false IN X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} Sejalan dengan visi BPDE Jatim untuk menjadi instansi teknis terdepan dalam mengelola data dan informasi yang berbasis pemanfaatan teknologi informasi., maka perlu kiranya bagi instansi ini untuk membentuk Pusat Data Propinsi yang terpadu guna mendukung penyelenggarakan pemerintahan, pembangunan dan pelayanan yang baik kepada masyarakat. Perancangan ini dibuat dengan menggunakan database MySql, serta PHP yang dapat mengerjakan semua yang dapat dikerjakan oleh program CGI, seperti mendapatkan data dari form, menghasilkan isi halaman web yang dinamik dan menerima cookies. Dengan aplikasi ini diharapkan natinya BPDE dapat menyediakan dan menyebarluasan informasi untuk Pemerintah dan masyarakat dengan menggunakan sistem informasi dan telematika dalam rangka terciptanya budaya informasi. Kata Kunci: Database, MySQL , BPDE (Badan Pengolahan Data Elektronik, PHP

  13. IMPLEMENTASI PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER DI SMP NEGERI 8 DAN SMP NEGERI 9 PURWOKERTO

    Tutuk Ningsih

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menemukan dan mendeskripsikan; (1 implementasi pendidikan karakter (IPK di SMP Negeri 8 dan SMP Negeri 9 Purwokerto; (2 peran kepala sekolah, guru, dan siswa dalam IPK; dan (3 aktualisasi nilai-nilai karakter dalam IPK. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini merupakan metode kualitatif dengan pendekatan kualitatif-naturalistik.Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah pengamatan partisipan, wawancara mendalam, dan dokumentasi. Analisis data menggunakan model interaktif Miles dan Huberman. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian ditarik kesimpulan berikut ini. (1 Implementasi pendidikan karakter yang lakukan melalui pola kegiatan terpadu antara kegiatan intrakurikuler dan ektrakurikuler. (2 Implementasi pendidikan karakter yang dilakukan oleh kepala sekolah, guru, dan siswa mempunyai peranan yang positif dalam pembentukan kultur sekolah yang berkarakter. Peran kepala sekolah, guru, dan siswa dalam IPK diwujudkan dalam: (a peran kepala sekolah sebagai motivator, pemberi contoh keteladanan, pelindung, penggerak kegiatan, perancang kegiatan, pendorong, dan pembimbing; (b peran guru sebagai pendidik, pengasih, dan pengasuh; dan (c peran siswa sebagai subjek didik dan pelaksana kegiatan di sekolah. (3 Aktualisasi nilai-nilai karakter dalam IPK cenderung mengacu pada prinsip ABITA (Aku Bangga Indonesia Tanah Airku berbasis kebangsaan dan religius yang meliputi 18 nilai karakter, yaitu: (a nilai religius, (b kejujuran, (c demokratis, (d tanggungjawab, (e disiplin, (f peduli lingkungan, (g peduli sosial, (h kerja keras, (i mandiri, (j cinta tanah air, (k semangat kebangsaan, (l rasa ingin tahu, (m gemar membaca, (n menghargai prestasi, (o cinta damai, (p bersahabat/komunikatif, (q toleran, dan (r kreatif. (4 Terdapat persamaan dan perbedaan dalam IPK di kedua SMP tersebut, persamaannya adalah mengacu pada nilai-nilai yang ada pada prinsip ABITA, perbedaannya kalau di SMP Negeri 8 melaksanakan 12 nilai karakter dan kegiatan

  14. PERANCANGAN DAN IMPLEMENTASI DATA WAREHOUSE METEOROLOGI, KLIMATOLOGI, GEOFISIKA DAN BENCANA ALAM

    Agus Safril

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available BMKG telah memiliki data berasal dari beberapa sistem basis data historis (legacy system baik yang telah tersimpan dalam sistem informasi database maupun data dalam bentuk lembar kerja (worksheet. Data lama ini sering tidak digunakan ketika  sistem database baru dikembangkan. Agar data lama tetap dapat digunakan, diperlukan integrasi data lama dan baru. Data warehouse adalah konsep yang digunakan untuk mengintegrasikan data dalam penyimpanan sistem database terpadu BMKG. Integrasi data dilakukan dengan melakukan ekstraksi dari sumber data dengan mengambil item data yang diperlukan. Sumber data diperoleh dari sistem informasi yang ada di kelompok meteorologi, klimatologi dan geofisika. Proses integrasi data dimulai dengan ekstraksi (extraction kemudian dilakukan penyeragaman (transformation sehingga sesuai dengan format yang digunakan untuk kepentingan analisis. Selanjutnya dilakukan proses penyimpanan dalam data warehouse (loading. Prototipe data warehouse yang dibangun mencakup proses input data melalui ekstraksi data lama maupun data baru menggunakan media perangkat lunak akuisisi data. Hasil keluaran (output berupa laporan data dengan perioda data sesuai dengan kebutuhan.   The data collections of BMKG is captured from the legacy systems that is stored in the information systems or data worksheet. Sometimes the legacy system is not used when the new DBMS has been developed. In order the legacy system usefull for DBMS of BMKG, the data is integrated from the legacy systems to the new database systems. Data warehouse is the concept to integrate data to the BMKG Data Base Management System (DMBS. To integrate data, data is integrated the data sources from legacy systems that has been stored in the meteorology, climatology and geophysic information system. The next steps is transformed to data that has the format accordance with the weather analysis requirement. Finally, data must be loaded into the data warehouse.  The data warehouse

  15. PROSES REPRESENTASI SIMBOL MATEMATIKA PADA PROSES BERMAIN ANAK TK

    Ari Kusuma Sulyandari

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to determine the representation of children in kindergartens of the objects and symbols of numbers 1 to 10 when playing activities. So the mathematical activity in appropriate with the child's development. This study uses qualitative descriptive by Moleong. The collection of data through observation, interviews, photo and recording. To check the validity of researchers used data triangulation of data sources, theory and methodology. Results of the study is that children need visual in process representation. They need to understand the concept of visualization when many objects, counting objects, understand the numbers 1 to 10. Children are not able to think abstractly. Representation of children has not been perfect. Method of learning in kindergarten helps learning to count and recognize numbers. Especially if done with playing. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui proses representasi anak TK pada simbol matematika bilangan asli 1 sampai 10 pada proses bermain sehingga pembelajaran matematika sesuai dengan perkembangan anak. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah deskriptif kualitatif. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan teknik observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi berupa foto serta perekaman. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan pada saat penelitian adalah analisis deskriptif untuk mengecek keabsahan peneliti menggunakan data triangulasi sumber data, teori, dan metodologi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa anak usia TK membutuhkan visual dalam aktivitas representasi. Anak-anak membutuhkan bantuan visual saat memahami konsep banyak benda, menghitung benda, memahami bilangan 1 sampai 10. Hal ini dikarenakan anak usia TK masih belum dapat berpikir secara abstrak sehingga representasi anak usia TK masih belum sempurna. Penggunaan metode pembelajaran tematik terpadu di TK mempermudah pembelajaran berhitung dan mengenal angka terlebih jika dilakukan dengan bermain.

  16. Inovasi Layanan Lapor Kehilangan (E-Report Dengan Metode Rapid Application Development

    Ahmad Chusyairi

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available Pelayanan kehilangan yang dilakukan Kepolisian Resort (Polres Banyuwangi khususnya Sentra Pelayanan Keamanan Terpadu (SPKT meliputi Surat Tanda Nomor Kendaraan (STNK Mobil/Motor, Surat Izin Mengemudi (SIM Mobil/Motor, Kartu Tanda Penduduk (KTP, Kartu Keluarga (KK, Anjungan Tunai Mandiri (ATM, Buku Tabungan, Paspor, Sertifikat, Surat Tanah dan Surat Lain-lain (Kartu Tanda Mahasiswa, Surat Gadai, Ijazah, Giro Bilyet, Tilang dan Buku Raport dimana pembuatan Surat Keterangan Tanda Lapor Kehilangan (SKTLK masih manual dengan tools pengolah kata dan membutuhkan waktu yang lama, sehingga masyarakat mengalami kesulitan dalam proses pelayanannya. Polres Banyuwangi menjalankan Program Prioritas Promoter (Profesional, Modern dan Terpercaya Kapolri Tahun 2016, khususnya program ke-2: Peningkatan Pelayanan Publik yang Lebih Mudah bagi Masyarakat dan Berbasis Teknologi Informasi. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah masyarakat (pemohon SKTLK dapat mengakses layanan dengan mudah dan mendapatkan SKTLK lebih cepat di polres/polsek terdekat pada wilayah hukum kabupaten Banyuwangi. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah Rapid Application Development (RAD yang terdiri dari: Requirements Planning, User Design, Construction dan Cutover. Hasil penelitian ini adalah web tentang laporan kehilangan (e-report dengan URL http://banyuwangi.jatim.polri.go.id/kehilangan.html. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah pelayanan publik pada Polres Banyuwangi tentang e-report dengan metode RAD dapat diakses pada web, sehingga pemohon dapat dengan mudah mendapatkan SKTLK di Polres atau Polsek yang terdekat dengan lokasi kehilangan. Metode RAD mempermudah dalam pembangunan layanan e-report berbasis web karena aktivitas dan fasenya melibatkan pengguna khususnya pada user design. Hasil pengujian terhadap fitur pada layanan e-report pada fase construction dan cutover dapat menampilkan  sesuai dengan requirements planning yang ditetapkan pengguna.Kata Kunci: kehilangan, Polres

  17. PEMBELAJARAN IPS DALAM REALITA DI ERA KTSP: STUDI EKSPLORASI PELAKSANAAN PEMBELAJARAN IPS PADA JENJANG SMP DI KABUPATEN PATI

    Edi Sutrisna

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Application of KTSP as a curriculum based on competency requires the implementation of strategies and methods that can deliver a number of learners achieving a particular competence. IPS as a subject who has a noble purpose, namely to prepare students to be good citizens, should be taught to students through appropriate strategies and methods by utilizing various media sources and learning. Most social studies teachers still promote the use of expository strategies in presenting lessons of Social Science education and the use of resources and learning media are minimal. Environment, as a laboratory of IPS is not utilized properly.The study shows that most teachers still tend to use expository teaching strategies, use of resources and learning media that are less varied, and integrated approaches to teaching social studies can not be realized by the teachers due to various constraints.   Keywords: learning, IPS, junior school, KTSP   Penerapan KTSP sebagai kurikulum berbasis kompetensi membutuhkan penerapan strategi dan metode yang dapat memberikan sejumlah peserta didik mencapai kompetensi tertentu. IPS sebagai subjek yang memiliki tujuan mulia, yaitu untuk mempersiapkan siswa untuk menjadi warga negara yang baik, harus diajarkan kepada siswa melalui strategi yang tepat dan metode dengan memanfaatkan berbagai sumber media dan pembelajaran. Kebanyakan guru IPS masih menggunakan strategi ekspositori dalam menyajikan meteri pelajaran IPS dengan menggunakan sumber daya dan media pembelajaran yang minimal. Lingkungan sekitar, sebagai laboratorium IPS tidak digunakan menunjukkan pembelajaran yang baik. Kebanyakan guru masih cenderung untuk menggunakan strategi pengajaran ekspositori, penggunaan sumber daya dan media pembelajaran yang kurang bervariasi, dan pendekatan terpadu untuk mengajar IPS, sehingga tidak dapat direalisasikan oleh para guru karena berbagai kendala.   Kata kunci: pembelajaran, IPS, SMP, KTSP  

  18. Biological Control of Plant Disease Caused by Bacteria

    Triwidodo Arwiyanto

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Bacterial diseases in plants are difficult to control. The emphasis is on preventing the spread of the bacteria rather than curing the diseased plant. Integrated management measures for bacterial plant pathogens should be applied for successfull control. Biological control is one of the control measures viz. through the use of microorganisms to suppress the growth and development of bacterial plant pathogen and ultimately reduce the possibility of disease onset. The study of biological control of bacterial plant pathogen was just began compared with of fungal plant pathogen. The ecological nature of diverse bacterial plant pathogens has led scientists to apply different approach in the investigation of its biological control. The complex process of entrance to its host plant for certain soil-borne bacterial plant pathogens need special techniques and combination of more than one biological control agent. Problem and progress in controlling bacterial plant pathogens biologically will be discussed in more detail in the paper and some commercial products of biological control agents (biopesticides will be introduced.     Penyakit tumbuhan karena bakteri sulit dikendalikan. Penekanan pengendalian adalah pada pencegahan penyebaran bakteri patogen dan bukan pada penyembuhan tanaman yang sudah sakit. Untuk suksesnya pengendalian bakteri patogen tumbuhan diperlukan cara pengelolaan yang terpadu. Pengendalian secara biologi merupakan salah satu cara pengendalian dengan menggunakan mikroorganisme untuk menekan pertumbuhan dan perkembangan bakteri patogen tumbuhan dengan tujuan akhir menurunkan kemungkinan timbulnya penyakit. Sifat ekologi bakteri patogen tumbuhan yang berbeda-beda mengharuskan pendekatan yang berbeda pula dalam pengendaliannya secara biologi. Masalah dan perkembangan dalam pengendalian bakteri patogen tumbuhan secara biologi didiskusikan secara detail dalam makalah ini.

  19. STUDI EFEKTIVITAS PEMBELAJARAN PAUD BERBASIS TEMATIK SEBUAH STUDI KASUS DI PAUD SEATAP MARGALUYU KECAMATAN CIPATAT KABUPATEN BANDUNG BARAT

    Kosim Sirodjuddin

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Sesuai dengan amanat UU No. 20 tahun 2003 tentang Sisdiknas Pasal 26 ayat 3 dinyatakan bahwa pendidikan non-formal meliputi pendidikan kecakapan hidup, pendidikan anak usia dini, pendidikan kepemudaan, pendidikan pemberdayaan perempuan, pendidikan keaksaraan, pendidikan keterampilan dan pelatihan kerja, pendidikan kesetaraan, serta pendidikan lain yang ditujukan untuk mengembangkan kemampuan peserta didik. Sebagai salah satu lembaga PAUD yang dibangun di lingkungan SDN Margaluyu Kecamatan Cipatat Kabupaten Bandung Barat, PAUD Seatap Margaluyu merupakan bagian yang tidak terpisahkan dari nuansa pendidikan di sekolah tersebut terkait dengan persiapan peserta didik menuju pendidikan dasar. Pengembangan pola pembelajaran berbasis tematik yang dibahas dalam kajian ini adalah sebagai salah satu upaya dalam mengembangkan pembelajaran PAUD Seatap Margaluyu yang selama ini cenderung menggunakan pola pembelajaran konvensional, di mana peserta didik lebih berperan sebagai objek pembelajaran ketimbang subjek pembelajaran. Pembelajaran tematik pada dasarnya adalah model pembelajaran terpadu yang menggunakan tema untuk mengaitkan beberapa mata pelajaran sehingga dapat memberikan pengalaman bermakna kepada siswa. (Depdiknas, 2006: 5. Sementara Trianto memaknai Pembelajaran Tematik sebagai pembelajaran yang dirancang berdasarkan tema-tema tertentu. Dalam pembahasannya tema itu ditinjau dari berbagai mata pelajaran. Pembelajaran Tematik menyediakan keluasan dan kedalaman implementasi kurikulum, menawarkan kesempatan yang sangat banyak pada siswa/ peserta didik untuk memunculkan dinamika dalam pendidikan. Unit yang tematik adalah epitome dari seluruh bahasa pembelajaran yang memfasilitasi siswa untuk secara produktif menjawab pertanyaan yang dimunculkan sendiri dan memuaskan rasa ingin tahu dengan penghayatan secara alamiah tentang dunia di sekitar mereka. (2009: 78. Untuk itulah dapat kami simpulkan bahwa studi kasus tentang penggunaan pola pembelajaran tematik

  20. PAPAN INFORMASI DIGITAL BERBASIS RASPBERRY-PI MENGGUNAKAN JARINGAN WIRELESS DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM

    Rohmat Tulloh

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Papan informasi digital adalah media digital untuk menampilkan informasi dalam bentuk visual yang dapat dinikmati oleh orang-orang disekitarnya. Media digital bisa menjadi sarana informasi, promosi produk, dan juga sebagai sarana berita terbaru. Papan informasi digital yang ada di kantor atau sekolah biasanya menggunakan layar LED TV dilengkapi 1 unit komputer (CPU dan menggunakan media transmisi kabel. Banyaknya jumlah TV dan CPU yang digunakan menimbulkan masalah biaya dan tempat. Disamping itu manajemen konten informasi yang ditampilkan menjadi tidak praktis karena dilakukan langsung satu persatu di setiap CPU. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk membuat sistem informasi terpadu berbasis web yang ditanam pada mini komputer berupa raspberry pi menggunakan jaringan wireless distribution system (WDS. Perangkat digital berupa LED TV dipasang raspberry-pi sebagai interface, yang dapat menghemat daya, biaya dan tempat. Manajemen konten informasi terintegrasi dengan komputer server yang menyediakan layanan edit fitur dan update informasi video streaming dan live streaming. Dari hasil pengukuran Quality of Service (QOS menggunakan Transmission Control Protocol (TCP untuk layanan video dan live streaming dengan kondisi Line of Sight (LOS dan Non Line of Sight (NLOS direkomendasikan menggunakan kondisi LOS dengan nilai Throughput sebesar 585 KBps dan 230 KBps, delay sebesar 1.7 ms dan 3.3 ms, dan Jitter sebesar 2.5 ms dan 6.19 ms. Nilai parameter tersebut memenuhi standar Telecommunications and Internet Protocol Harmonization Over Networks (TIPHON. Cakupan WDS dari server ke raspberry-pi client mencapai 70 meter dengan kondisi LOS maupun NLOS. Pengujian Mean Opinion Score (MOS didapatkan nilai rata-rata sebesar 4 atau dalam kategori puas dengan sistem yang dibuat.

  1. [Treatment of Persistent Somatoform Pain Disorder by Floating Needle Therapy and Duloxetine].

    Ren, Wan-wen; Zhou, Zhi-ying; Xu, Mi-mi; Long, Sen; Tang, Guang-zheng; Mao, Hong-jing; Chen, Shu-lin

    2016-02-01

    To evaluate clinical effect and safety of floating needle therapy and duloxetine in treating patients with persistent somatoform pain disorder (PSPD). Totally 108 PSPD patients were randomly assigned to the floating needle treatment group, the duloxetine treatment group, and the placebo treatment group, 36 in each group. Patients in the floating needle treatment group received floating needle therapy and placebo. Those in the duloxetine treatment group received duloxetine and simulated floating needle therapy. Those in the placebo treatment group received the placebo and simulated floating needle therapy. All treatment lasted for six weeks. Efficacy and adverse reactions were evaluated using Simple McGill pain scale (SF-MPQ) and Treatment Emergent Symptom Scale (TESS) before treatment and immediately after treatment, as well as at the end of 1st, 2nd, 4th, and 6th week of treatment, respectively. Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD, 17 items), Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) were assessed before treatment and at the end of 1st, 2nd, 4th, and 6th week of treatment, respectively. Patients in the floating needle treatment group and the duloxetine treatment group with the total reducing score rate of SF-MPQ in Pain Rating index (PRI) ≥ 50% after 6 weeks' treatment were involved in the follow-up study. (1) Compared with the same group before treatment, SF-MPQ score, HAMD score and HAMA total scores all decreased in all the three groups at the end of 1st, 2nd, 4th, and 6th week of treatment (P floating needle treatment group (P floating needle treatment group significantly decreased after 1, 2, 4, and 6 weeks of treatment (P floating needle treatment group, 17 (50.0%) in the duloxetine treatment group, and 7 (21.2%) in the placebo treatment group. Compared with the placebo treatment group, the incidence of adverse reaction increased in the duloxetine treatment group (χ² = 6.04, P floating needle treatment group (χ² = 14.9, P floating needle treatment group and 17

  2. Psychological benefits 2 and 4 weeks after a single treatment with near infrared light to the forehead: a pilot study of 10 patients with major depression and anxiety

    Teicher Martin H

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Many studies have reported beneficial effects from the application of near-infrared (NIR light photobiomodulation (PBM to the body, and one group has reported beneficial effects applying it to the brain in stroke patients. We have reported that the measurement of a patient's left and right hemispheric emotional valence (HEV may clarify data and guide lateralized treatments. We sought to test whether a NIR treatment could 1. improve the psychological status of patients, 2. show a relationship between immediate psychological improvements when HEV was taken into account, and 3. show an increase in frontal pole regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF, and 4. be applied without side effects. Methods We gave 10 patients, (5 M/5 F with major depression, including 9 with anxiety, 7 with a past history of substance abuse (6 with an opiate abuse and 1 with an alcohol abuse history, and 3 with post traumatic stress disorder, a baseline standard diagnostic interview, a Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D, a Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A, and a Positive and Negative Affect Scale (PANAS. We then gave four 4-minute treatments in a random order: NIR to left forehead at F3, to right forehead at F4, and placebo treatments (light off at the same sites. Immediately following each treatment we repeated the PANAS, and at 2-weeks and at 4-weeks post treatment we repeated all 3 rating scales. During all treatments we recorded total hemoglobin (cHb, as a measure of rCBF with a commercial NIR spectroscopy device over the left and the right frontal poles of the brain. Results At 2-weeks post treatment 6 of 10 patients had a remission (a score ≤ 10 on the HAM-D and 7 of 10 achieved this on the HAM-A. Patients experienced highly significant reductions in both HAM-D and HAM-A scores following treatment, with the greatest reductions occurring at 2 weeks. Mean rCBF across hemispheres increased from 0.011 units in the off condition to 0.043 units in

  3. 认知行为治疗对未服药强迫障碍患者的大样本病例研究%Efficacy of Manual-based CBT for the Drug-naive Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Patients in China

    罗佳; 李占江; 杨祥云; 郭志华; 刘竞; 孟繁强; 马云; 杨晓婕

    2017-01-01

    目的:验证操作手册指导下的认知行为治疗(CBT)对未服药强迫障碍(OCD)患者的疗效、可接受性及适用性.方法:纳入符合DSM-Ⅳ强迫障碍诊断标准的门诊患者46例,在CBT操作手册指导下进行为期12周共14次个别CBT治疗.应用耶鲁-布朗强迫量表(Y-BOCS)、汉密尔顿抑郁量表(HAMD-17项)和汉密尔顿焦虑量表(HA-MA)进行疗效评估,并采用0-10分的视觉模拟评分法来进一步评估患者对CBT的满意度和主观有益性.研究期间不服用任何精神药物.结果:39例患者完成了14次治疗(脱落率为15.22%),对完成治疗者进行治疗前后Y-BOCS,HAMA,HAMD分值的配对t检验,结果具有显著性差异(P均小于0.01).按照意向性治疗统计方法,有效率为69.57%(32/46),完全缓解率为21.74%(10/46),OCD患者对CBT治疗的满意度为6.89±0.42,主观有益性为6.62±0.68.结论:手册指导下的单一CBT治疗对中国OCD患者具有较好的疗效,且可接受性高,治疗依从性好.%Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of manual-based cognitive behavioral therapy(CBT) for obsessive-compulsive disorder(OCD).Methods:46 patients who met the DSM-Ⅳ OCD criteria were recruited to receive CBT.The CBT intervention was based on a manual,including 14 sessions across 12 weeks.All participants were assessed with the YaleBrown Obsessive Compulsive Scale(Y-BOCS),Hamilton Depression Scale(HAMD) and Hamilton Anxiety Scale(HAMA) by psychiatrists not involved in the treatment.Perceived helpfulness and satisfaction with CBT were also assessed by visual analogue scale(0-10).All patients did not take any psychiatric drugs during the CBT process.Results:39 subjects completed 14 sessions CBT.The dropout rate was 15.22%.At the end of the therapy,significant improvements were found for YBOCS,HAMD and HAMA by paired t test(P<0.01).Based on the intention to treat principle,the response and complete remission rate were 69.57%(32/46) and 21.74%(10/46).Satisfaction and

  4. 艾司西酞普兰改善创伤后应激障碍症状及脑结构的磁共振研究%Effect of escitalopram on the symptoms and brain MRI images of patients with post-traumatic stress disorder

    金圭星; 安翠霞; 王学义; 王岚; 任庆云; 宋明; 刘小玉; 谭莉; 王金成; 赵晓川

    2012-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the changes of key symptoms, concomitant symptoms and structural MRI in patients with Post — traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after treatment with eseitalo-pram. Methods We treated 12 PTSD patients (all met diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders—fourth edition (DSM —IV) criteria) with mono—therapy of escitalopram for 3 months. The following 5 scales were used for assessment before and after the treatment: Clinical Diagnosis Using DSM — IV PTSD Scale (CAPS), Hamilton Anxiety Scale( HAMA), Hamilton Depression Scale( HAMD), Wisconsin Card Sorting Test(WCST) and, Wechsler Memory Scale(WMS), and magnetic resonance imaging was taken too. Based on Voxel Based Morphometry(VBM)and Statistical Parametric Mapping 5(SPM5) were used to analyze the differences in gray matter volume before and after treatment. Results The scores of CAPS, HAMD, HAMA, WCST, and WPS were all declined obviously (P<0. 05) after treatment. MRI indicated that the grey matter in frontal and temporal lobe was recovered after treatment. Conclusions Escitalopram can improve the key symptoms, concomitant symptoms such as depression and anxiety and the impaired cognitive function; at the same time it can promote the recovery of the grey matter volume apparently.%目的 探讨艾司西酞普兰对创伤后应激障碍(PTSD)核心症状、伴发症状及脑结构的影响.方法 收集符合美国精神障碍诊断与统计手册第四版诊断标准的12例PTSD患者,单独应用艾司西酞普兰治疗3个月.采用临床应用的PTSD诊断量表(CAPS)、汉密尔顿抑郁量表(HAMD)、汉密尔顿焦虑量表(HAMA)、威斯康星分类卡片(WCST)、韦氏记忆量表(WMS)对PTSD患者治疗前后进行评估.治疗前后,所有患者进行核磁共振扫描.采用基于体素的形态学分析(VBM)技术,用统计参数 图5(SPM5)软件包分析治疗前后脑灰质体积的差异.结果 PTSD患者经艾司西酞普兰治疗后CAPS、HAMD、HAMA、WCST、WMS

  5. Detection of Cocoa Pod Borer Infestation Using Sex Pheromone Trap and its Control by Pod Wrapping

    Dian Rahmawati

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Cocoa pod borer (CPB, Conopomorpha cramerella Snellen (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae is a major pest of cocoa. Detection of the pest infestation using sex pheromone traps in the early growth and development of cocoa pods is important for an early warning system programme. In order to prevent the pest infestation the young pods were wrapped with plastic bags. A research to study the CPB incidence was conducted at cocoa plantations in Banjarharjo and Banjaroya villages, District of Kalibawang; Hargotirto and Hargowilis villages, District of Kokap; and Pagerharjo village, District of Samigaluh, Yogyakarta. The experiments design used RCBD with four treatments (sex pheromone trap, combination of sex pheromone trap and pod wrapping, pod wrapping, and control and five replications. As many as 6 units/ha pheromone traps were installed with a distance of 40 m in between. Results showed that one month prior to the trap installation in the experimental plots there were ripen cocoa pods as many as 9-13%, which were mostly infested by CPB. During the time period of introducting research on August to Desember 2016 there was not rambutan fruits as the CPB host, hence the CPB resource was from infested cocoa pods. The CPB moth trapped as many as 0−7 (1.13 ± 0.14 moths/6 traps/12 observations. The seed damage due to CPB larvae in the pheromone trap treatments (23.98% was relatively similar with the control (20.25%. Seed damage rate in combination treatment of pheromone trap and pod wrapping (0.59% was relatively the same with the pod wrapping (0.20%. The pheromone trap was more usefull for monitoring tool rather than for control, meanwhile pod wrapping was an effective control measure of CPB.   Intisari Penggerek Buah Kakao (PBK, Conopomorpha cramerella Snellen (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae merupakan salah satu hama utama kakao. Deteksi serangan hama PBK dengan perangkap feromon seks pada awal pertumbuhan dan perkembangan buah kakao penting dilakukan sebagai

  6. On Political Islam in Palestine

    Egor A. Stepkin

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: This article deals with analyzing the place and the political Islam occupies on the Palestinian territories. The author tries to prove that despite the “Arab spring” and growing popularity of Islamism in the neighbor Arab countries its popular support among Palestinians is low. The main reason for this is Israeli total control of political, economic and - partially - social processes taking place in the West Bank. Position of the officials in Ramallah who together with Tel-Aviv strictly contain spread of Islamism throughout the West Bank also has a strong suppressing effect. Central Palestinian leadership may be called one of the few secular political establishments that are still in power in the Arab countries. The main explanation for this is the desire to make a positive effect on the international community, which Palestine totally depends on in political and financial terms. Also one should keep in mind secular beliefs of the current political elite in Palestine. President Mahmoud Abbas with his counterparts from FATAH and PLO represent old type of Arab nationalist politicians, almost all of who were stripped from power after the beginning of “Arab spring” in 2011. Finally, Palestinian society itself still feels united by the idea of national liberation from the Israeli occupation. This helps Palestinians to put aside the issue of religious self-identification. According to the surveys, most of Palestinians still rank their national identity number while describing their identity, while religion comes only second (despite the strong stable tendency for growing Islamization of their views. The only Palestinian enclave where political Islam has gained ground is isolated Gaza Strip. However ruling there “Islamic Resistance Movement” (HAMAS, despite declared anti-Zionism and Islamism, in reality show pragmatic readiness for certain coordination of its actions with Israel and central government in Ramallah. Nowadays one can

  7. Sleep Architecture in Partially Acclimatized Lowlanders and Native Tibetans at 3800 Meter Altitude: What Are the Differences?

    Kong, Fanyi; Liu, Shixiang; Li, Qiong; Wang, Lin

    2015-09-01

    It is not well known whether high altitude acclimatization could help lowlanders improve their sleep architecture as well as Native Tibetans. In order to address this, we investigated the structural differences in sleep between Native Tibetans and partially acclimatized lowlanders and examined the association between sleep architecture and subjective sleep quality. Partially acclimatized soldiers from lowlands and Native Tibetan soldiers stationed at Shangri-La (3800 m) were surveyed using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA), and Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD). The sleep architecture of those without anxiety (as determined by HAMA>14) and/or depression (HAMD>20) was analyzed using polysomnography and the results were compared between the two groups. One hundred sixty-five male soldiers, including 55 Native Tibetans, were included in the study. After partial acclimatization, lowlanders still exhibited differences in sleep architecture as compared to Native Tibetans, as indicated by a higher PSQI score (8.14±2.37 vs. 3.90±2.85, p<0.001), shorter non-rapid eye movement (non-REM) sleep (458.68±112.63 vs. 501±37.82 min, P=0.03), lower nocturnal arterial oxygen saturation (Spo2; mean 91.39±1.24 vs. 92.71±2.12%, p=0.03), and increased times of Spo2 reduction from 89% to 85% (median 48 vs.17, p=0.04) than Native Tibetans. Sleep onset latency (β=0.08, 95%CI: 0.01 to 0.15), non-REM latency (β=0.011, 95%CI 0.001 to 0.02), mean Spo2 (β=-0.79, 95%CI: -1.35 to -0.23) and time in stage 3+4 sleep (β=-0.014, 95%CI: -0.001 to -0.028) were slightly associated with the PSQI score. Partially acclimatized lowlanders experienced less time in non-REM sleep and had lower arterial oxygen saturation than Native Tibetans at an altitude of 3800 m. The main independent contributors to poor sleep quality are hypoxemia, difficulty in sleep induction, and time in deep sleep.

  8. Copeptin levels and blood lipid profile in borderline patients with or without self-mutilation

    Sevda Korkmaz

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Self-mutilation, known as self-harming behaviour of an individual without the intention of suicide, is commonly observed in individuals with borderline personality disorder. The objective of this study is to compare copeptin levels that are known to be related to aggressive behaviour and blood lipid profiles in borderline patients with and without self-mutilation. Methods: Twenty patients with self-mutilation [SM(+] and 20 patients without self-mutilation [SM(−] between the ages of 18 and 49, diagnosed with borderline personality disorder based on DSM-IV-TR(8 diagnostic criteria and attended to by Fırat University Psychiatry Polyclinic, participated in the study. Socio-demographic and clinical data form, Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAMA and Barrat Impulsivity Scale (BIS were applied to all participants. Copeptin levels and plasma lipid levels were studied in the blood samples taken from the participants. Results: Mean copeptin level found in SM(+ group (37.54 ± 18.8 ng/mL was statistically significantly higher than SM(− group (18.53 ± 16.6 ng/mL (p = 0.002. A negative correlation was found between mean copeptin and mean total cholesterol levels (r = −0.436; p = 0.005, and between copeptin and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL levels (r = −0.403; p = 0.01 in both SM(+ and SM(− patient groups. HAMA mean score for SM(+ group was found as 36.45 ± 13.2, and for SM(− group, it was found as 35.7 ± 12.9. There was a statistically significant difference between the depression points achieved by the two groups (p = 0.046. BIS total points average for SM(+ group was determined as 71 ± 9.71, whereas it was determined as 66.8 ± 7.92 in SM(− group. There was no statistically significant difference between the groups based on anxiety points. Barrat planning, Barrat motor and Barrat attention points for SM(+ group were higher than the SM(− group. However, the difference was not

  9. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms and psychological comorbidity in eating disorder patients.

    Sala, L; Martinotti, G; Carenti, M L; Romo, L; Oumaya, M; Pham-Scottez, A; Rouillon, F; Gorwood, P; Janiri, L

    2017-05-22

    There is some evidence that eating disorders (ED) and Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) share common clinical features and that ADHD might contribute to the severity of eating disorders. A greater understanding of how the presence of comorbid ADHD may affect the psychopathological framework of eating disorder seems of primary importance. The aim of our study was to evaluate rates of ADHD in three ED subgroups of inpatients: anorexia nervosa restricting type (AN-R), anorexia nervosa binge-eating/purging type (AN-BP) and bulimia nervosa (BN). The secondary aim was the evaluation of the associated psychological characteristics. The sample consisted of 73 females inpatients (mean age 28.07 ± 7.30), all with longstanding histories of eating disorder (ED). The presence of a diagnosis of ADHD was evaluated in a clinical interview based on DSM-IV-TR criteria. The following psychometric instruments were used: the eating attitude test (EAT-40), the Bulimic Investigatory Test, Edinburgh (BITE), the Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI-2), the Wender Utah Rating Scale (WURS), the Brown Attention Deficit Disorder Scale (BADDS), the Hamilton scales for Anxiety (HAM-A) and Depression (HAM-D), and the Barrat Impulsivity Scale (BIS-10). Among the three ED subgroups, 13 patients reported comorbidity with ADHD; three in the AN-R subtype, nine in the AN-BP and one in the BN. The remaining 60 patients (n = 34 AN-R; n = 19 AN-BP; n = 7 BN) presented only a diagnosis of ED. The EAT (p = 0.04) and HAM-A (p = 0.02) mean scores were significantly higher in patients with comorbid ADHD. In our study the comorbidity between ADHD and ED appeared to be frequent, particularly among patients with AN-BP. ED inpatients with higher level of anxiety and more abnormal eating attitudes and bulimic symptoms should be assessed for potentially associated ADHD.

  10. KETERKAITAN PRODUK DAN PELAKU DALAM PENGEMBANGAN AGRIBISNIS HORTIKULTURA UNGGULAN DI PROVINSI ACEH

    Suyanti Kasimin

    2014-09-01

    . Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa produksi hortikultura dipengaruhi oleh ketersediaan sarana produksi dan teknologi, sedangkan pendapatan dipengaruhi oleh harga jual dan biaya pemasaran. Keterkaitan produk terlihat rendah disebabkan rendahnya akses petani terhadap sarana produksi, tingginya serangan hama dan penyakit, serta rendahnya harga jual. Keterkaitan antar pelaku juga rendah karena ketergantungan yang tinggi pelaku hulu terhadap pelaku hilir, ketidakpuasan  pelaku hulu terhadap sistem pembayaran pelaku hilir, serta ketidakpercayaan pelaku hilir terhadap kualitas dan kontinuitas produk. Oleh kareba itu, diperlukan kebijakan untuk peningkatan pembinaan dan pemberantasan hama penyakit serta bantuan sarana produksi, perbaikan harga jual, mutu produk, dan informasi pasar.  Kata kunci: pengembangan agribisnis, hortikultura unggulan, lokalitas dan sinergitas

  11. Duloxetine in the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder

    Alan Wright

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Alan Wright, Chad VanDenBergCenter for Clinical Research, Mercer University, Atlanta, GA, USAAbstract: Duloxetine is a serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI which is FDA approved for the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD in doses of 30 mg to 120 mg daily. Duloxetine has been shown to significantly improve symptoms of GAD as measured through the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAMA, the Clinical Global Impressions Scale (CGI-I, and other various outcome measures in several placebo-controlled, randomized, double blind, multi-center studies. Symptom improvement began within the first few weeks, and continued for the duration of the studies. In addition, duloxetine has also been shown to improve outcomes in elderly patients with GAD, and in GAD patients with clinically significant pain symptoms. Duloxetine was noninferior compared with venlafaxine XR. Duloxetine was found to have a good tolerability profile which was predictable and similar to another SNRI, venlafaxine. Adverse events (AEs such as nausea, constipation, dry mouth, and insomnia were mild and transient, and occurred at relatively low rates. It was found to have a low frequency of drug interactions. In conclusion, duloxetine, a selective inhibitor for the serotonin and norepinephrine transporters, is efficacious in the treatment of GAD, and has a predictable tolerability profile, with AEs generally being mild to moderate.Keywords: duloxetine, generalized anxiety disorder, anxiety, GAD

  12. Perilaku Pengendalian Tikus di Daerah Berisiko Penularan Leptospirosis

    Tri Isnani

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Tikus merupakan binatang yang mempunyai daya adaptasi dan daya kembang biak yang tinggi sehingga bisa hidup di semua tempat.  Dampak tikus bagi manusia antara lain tikus sebagai hama pertanian dan menularkan penyakit seperti pes dan leptospirosis.  Berbagai pengendalian tikus telah dilakukan baik secara tradisional yang telah ada sejak nenek moyang maupun cara-cara modern.  Tulisan ini mengeksplorasi perilaku masyarakat dalam usaha pengendalian serta faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi dilakukannya cara-cara tersebut.  Penelitian dilakukan dengan metode kualitatif desain deskriptif.  Pengumpulan data dengan wawancara mendalam dan diskusi kelompok terarah pada 5 informan dan 2 kelompok Diskusi Kelompok Terarah (DKT.  Lokasi penelitian di sebuah desa di Nanggulan, Kulon Progo, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta.  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat beberapa cara dalam pengendalian tikus yaitu gropyokan, burung hantu, lem, racun tikus, pengemposan, menggunakan pewangi pakaian, dengan makanan umpan, kucing, dan dengan slametan.  Ada pengendalian tikus dengan mengusirnya saja atau tidak membunuhnya, dan ada pengendalian dengan membunuhnya.  Terdapat mitos dan kepercayaan terhadap tikus.  Kesimpulan penelitian bahwa perilaku dalam pengendalian tikus dipengaruhi oleh latar belakang pengetahuan dan kepercayaan.   kata kunci :  perilaku; pengendalian tikus; mitos dan kepercayaan

  13. The efficacy of reboxetine in the treatment-refractory patients with panic disorder: an open label study.

    Dannon, P N; Iancu, I; Grunhaus, L

    2002-10-01

    Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are currently the first-line treatment for panic disorder, although up to 30% of patients either do not respond to SSRIs or withdraw due to adverse events. Reboxetine, a selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (selective NRI), is effective in treating depression and may alleviate depression-related anxiety. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of reboxetine in the treatment of patients with panic disorder who did not respond to SSRIs. In this 6-week, open-label study, 29 adult outpatients with panic disorder who had previously failed to respond to SSRI treatment received reboxetine 2 mg/day, titrated to a maximum of 8 mg/day over the first 10 days. Efficacy was assessed using the Panic Self-Questionnaire (PSQ), the Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety (HAM-A), the 17-item Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HRSD) and the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) Scale. The 24 patients who completed the study responded well to reboxetine treatment. Significant improvement (p < 0.001) was observed in the number of daily panic attacks, and on the scales measuring anxiety, depression and functioning. Reboxetine was generally well tolerated. Five patients withdrew due to adverse events. Reboxetine appears to be effective in the treatment of SSRI-refractory panic disorder patients and warrants further clinical investigation. Copyright 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  14. COMMITTEES: SQM2009 - 14th International Conference on Strangeness in Quark Matter SQM2009 - 14th International Conference on Strangeness in Quark Matter

    2008-04-01

    Local Organizing Committee Takeshi Kodama Chair, UFRJ Jun Takahashi Co-chair, UNICAMP Ignácio Bediaga e Hickman CBPF Eduardo Fraga UFRJ Frederique Grassi USP Yogiro Hama USP Gastão Krein IFT Erasmo Madureira Ferreira UFRJ Marcelo G. Munhoz USP Fernando Navarra USP Sandra Padula IFT Alejandro Szanto de Toledo USP César Augusto Zen Vasconcellos UFRGS International Advisory Committee Jörg Aichelin Nantes Federico Antinori Padova Tamás Biró Budapest Peter Braun-Munzinger GSI Jean Cleymans Cape Town Láaszló Csernai Bergen Timothy Hallman BNL Huan Zhong Huang UCLA Takeshi Kodama Rio de Janeiro Yu-Gang Ma Shanghai Jes Madsen Aarhus Ágnes Mócsy Pratt University Berndt Müller Duke University Grazyna Odyniec LBNL Helmut Oeschler Darmstadt Johann Rafelski Arizona Hans Georg Ritter LBNL Gunther Rolland MIT Karel Šafařík CERN Ladislav Sandor Kosice University Jack Sandweiss Yale University George S F Stephans MIT Horst Stöcker Frankfurt Larry McLerranBNL Helmut Satz Universitä Bielefeld Nu Xu LBNL Fuqiang Wang Purdue University William A. Zajc Columbia University Pengfei Zhuang Tsinghua University

  15. Determination of lead 210 atmospheric fluxes in Syria

    Al-Masri, M. S.; Shaik Khalil, H.

    2001-01-01

    Lead 210 atmospheric fluxes were determined by collecting 51 profiles from Syrian soil during 1998. Lead 210 fluxes in Syria calculated from lead 210 inventory in soil ranged from 15 Bq.m -2 .y -1 and 407 Bq.m -2 .y -1 with an average value of 128 Bq.m -2 .y -1 . the highest fluxes were found to be in Hama area due to the Gaab fault, which is considered as a radon source in the area. In addition, fluxes were also high in most sites, which are located in Syria valleys and around the lakes. Moreover, the study has indicated that there is no linear relation between lead 210 flux values and other parameters such as annual rainfall and bulk density of the soil. On the other hand, an effect, of those two factors on lead 210 distribution with depth has been observed. In addition, the results of variable lead 210 fluxes from site to another have proved that it is necessary, in order to obtain a representative mean value of lead 210 flux obtained in this study is within the worldwide range for lead 210 flux. (Author)

  16. Fusion neutron generation by high-repetitive target injection

    Kitagawa, Yoneyoshi

    2015-01-01

    Pellet injection and repetitive laser illumination are key technologies for realizing inertial fusion energy. The Graduate School for the Creation of New Photonics Industries, Hamamatsu Photonics K. K. and Toyota Motor Corporation demonstrate the pellet injection, counter laser beams' engagement and neutron generation. Deuterated polystyrene (CD) bead pellets, after free-falling for a distance of 18 cm at 1 Hz, are successfully engaged by two counter laser beams from a diode-pumped, ultra-intense laser HAMA. The laser energy, pulse duration, wavelength and the intensity are 0.63 J per beam, 104 fs, 811 nm and 4.7 x 10 18 W/cm 2 , respectively. The irradiated pellets produce D (D, n) 3 He-reacted neutrons with a maximum yield of 9.5 x 10 4 /4π sr/shot. A straight channel with 10 μm-diameter is found through the beads. The pellet size is 1 mm. The results indicate potentially useful technologies for the next step in realizing inertial fusion energy. The results are reviewed as well as some oversea activities. (author)

  17. Kajian Manajemen Pemasaran Kentang (Solanum tuberosum L.

    Palgunadi Palgunadi

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Kayu Aro di Kabupaten Kerinci mempunyai kondisi agroklimat yang sesuai untuk pertumbuhan dan produksi tanaman kentang. Rendahnya produktivitas kentang di Kabupaten Kerinci diduga ada hubungannya dengan faktor produksi dan gangguan hama penyakit, faktor penerapan strategi pemasaran yaitu strategi produksi, strategi harga dan strategi distribusi/pemasaran. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis hubungan antara manajemen pemasaran dengan harga yang diterima petani.  Penentuan lokasi penelitian dan contoh pedagang dilakukan secara sengaja (purposive, mencakup beberapa pedagang yang terlibat dalam pemasaran kentang, yang mendistribusikan produk ke luar daerah yang bukan bersifat musiman tetapi kontinyu. Pedagang antar kota sebanyak 30 orang yang terpencar di Kecamatan Kayu Aro, jumlah responden pedagang sebanyak 15 orang atau 50% dari jumlah sampel frame pedagang. Analisis data menggunakan model Korelasi Spearman. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pedagang yang menerapkan manajemen pemasaran yang sangat baik berjumlah dua orang, manajemen pemasarannya baik sebanyak enam orang, dan tidak ada pedagang yang manajemen pemasarannya kurang-baik dan tidak-baik. Harga jual kentang rata – rata pada pedagang dengan manajemen pemasaran yang sangat-baik sebesar Rp. 1.753,906; pada pedangang dengan manajemen pemasaran yang baik sebesar Rp. 1.480,417; dan pada pedagang dengan manajemen pemasaran yang cukup-baik sebesar Rp. 1.341,295. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa kedua variabel menunjukkan hubungan yang signifikan. Semakin baik tingkat manajemen pemasaran yang diterapkan pedagang kentang, ternyata harga jual kentang yang diterima pedagang semakin tinggi. Kata kunci: Pemasaran, pedagang, kentang

  18. Comparative study of nitrogen fertilizer use efficiency of cotton grown under conventional and fertigation practices using 15N methodology

    Janat, M.; Somi, G.

    2002-01-01

    Nitrogen fertilization and irrigation methods are the key factors of yield increase. With proper management of these two factors a good production and protection of the environment could be attained at the same time. Field experiments were carried out at Hama (Tezeen's Agricultural Research Station) for four consecutive years 1995=1998. The objectives of this study were: Assessment of nitrogen fertilizer use efficiency (NFUE) under conventional and fertigation practices; Nitrogen requirements of cotton crop grown under fertigation practices: Comparative study of water use efficiency (WUE), and seed cotton yield of cotton crop grown under conventional and drip irrigation. Treatments consisted of five nitrogen rates for the fertigated cotton crop (0, 60, 120, 180 and 240 kg N ha -1 ). While of the surface irrigated cotton treatment only one recommended rate by MAAR was applied (180 kg N ha -1 ). Irrigation methods and N treatments were arranged in RBD. The soil water content and available soil nitrogen were monitored according to the standard procedures. The results revealed that fertigation of cotton under the given circumstances improved water use efficiency, nitrogen use efficiency, seed cotton yield, dry matter production, earliness and in some cases lint properties. Under fertigation practices 35-55% of the irrigation water was saved in comparison with surface irrigated cotton grown under the same condition. The seed cotton yield was increased by more than 50% relatively to the surface irrigated cotton. Furthermore, water use efficiency of the fertigated cotton was increased by almost 90 %. (author)

  19. Kompatibilitas Jamur Entomopatogenik Paecilomyces fumosoroseus dengan Beberapa Bahan Aktif Pestisida Secara In Vitro

    Fani Fauziah

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Untuk mengurangi penggunaan pestisida di perkebunan teh, maka salah satu upaya pengendalian hama yang dapat dilakukan adalah mengkombinasikan aplikasi pestisida dengan jamur entomopatogenik. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kompatibilitas antara jamur P. fumosoroseus  dengan beberapa bahan aktif pestisida di laboratorium. Perlakuan dirancang dengan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL terdiri dari 5 jenis bahan aktif yaitu metomil, bifentrin, imidakloprid, tembaga oksida dan metidation pada taraf konsentrasi sesuai rekomendasi lapang (RL, 0,5x RL dan 2x RL. Hasil pengamatan menunjukkan bahwa diantara kelima jenis bahan aktif pestisida yang diuji, metidation memiliki tingkat toksisitas yang paling tinggi. Persentase produksi spora tertinggi sebesar 13,77% ditunjukkan oleh perlakuan bifentrin 2x RL. Combining application of pesticides and entomopathogenic fungi is an alternative way for controlling pest in order to reduce pesticides application in the tea field. This research was aimed toexamine the compatibility of Paecilomyces fumosoroseus tosome active agents of pesticide in laboratory. Completely Randomized Block Designed (CRBD with 5 active agents: methomyl, bifenthrin, imidacloprid, copper oxide and metidation in three different concentration was employed in this study, which was based on the existing field recommendation (FR: 0,5x FR and 2x FR. The results showed that among the five tested pesticides, metidation appeared to be the most toxic agentto P. fumosoroseus. Meanwhile, the highest percentage of spore production was counted in bifenthrin 2x RL (13,77%.

  20. Posttraumatic stress disorder in women with war missing family members.

    Baraković, Devla; Avdibegović, Esmina; Sinanović, Osman

    2014-12-01

    Research in crisis areas indicate that survivors' responses to the forced disappearance of family members are similar to reactions to other traumatic events. The aim of this study was to determine the presence of symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in women with war missing family members in Bosnia and Herzegovina 18 years after the war in this region (1992-1995). The study included 160 women aged 47.1±14.0 from three regions of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It was carried out in the period from April 2010 to May 2011. Of the 160 participants, 120 women had a war missing family member and 40 women had no war missing family members. The Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAMA) were used for data collection. Basic socio-demographic data and data concerning the missing family members were also collected. Women with war missing family members experienced significantly more traumatic war experiences (18.43±5.27 vs 6.57±4.34, pfamily members. Women with war missing family members showed significantly more severe PTSD symptoms. Based on the results of this study, it was determined that the forced disappearance of a family member is an ambiguous situation that can be characterized as a traumatic experience.

  1. Embitterment in War Veterans with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

    Sabic, Dzevad; Sabic, Adela; Batic-Mujanovic, Olivera

    2018-04-01

    The aim of this study was to analyze frequency of embitterment in war veterans with Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). It was analyzed 174 subjects (from Health Center Zivinice/ Mental Health Center) through a survey conducted in the period from March 2015 to June 2016, of witch 87 war veterans with PTSD and control subjects 87 war veterans without PTSD. The primary outcome measure was the Post-Traumatic Embitterment Disorder Self-Rating Scale (PTED Scale) who contains 19 items designed to assess features of embitterment reactions to negative life events. Secondary efficacy measures included the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale - V (CAPS), the PTSD CheckList (PCL), the Combat Exposure Scale (CES), the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D), the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A) and the World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale ( WHOQOL-Bref). All subjects were male. The average age of patients in the group war veterans with PTSD was 52·78 ± 5·99. In the control group average age was 51·42 ± 5·98. Statistical data were analyzed in SPSS statistical program. Comparing the results, t tests revealed significant difference between group veterans with PTSD and control group (t=-21·216, p<0·0001). War veterans group with PTSD (X= 51·41 SD= 8·91), war veterans without PTSD (X=14·39, SD=13·61). Embitterment is frequent in war veterans with PTSD.

  2. Physical comorbidity and 12-week treatment outcomes in Korean patients with depressive disorders: the CRESCEND study.

    Kim, Jae-Min; Stewart, Robert; Bae, Kyung-Yeol; Yang, Su-Jin; Yoon, Jin-Sang; Jung, Sung-Won; Lee, Min-Soo; Yim, Hyeon-Woo; Jun, Tae-Youn

    2011-11-01

    Physical and depressive disorders frequently co-occur, but effects of physical health on depression treatment outcomes have received little research. This study aimed to compare treatment outcomes between people with depressive disorder with and without comorbid physical disorders. A Korean nationwide sample of 723 people with depressive disorder initiated on antidepressant treatment, and re-evaluated at 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 weeks later. Assessment scales for evaluating depressive symptoms (HAMD), anxiety (HAMA), global severity (CGI-s), and functioning (SOFAS) were administered at baseline and every follow-up visit. Achievement of remission or response was defined only when these were maintained to the 12 weeks study endpoint or to the last follow-up examination, if earlier, with the date of the first observed remission point applied as the timing of remission. Logistic regression and Cox proportional hazards models were used. Of the sample, 247 (34%) had at least one physical disorder. This was associated with lower socioeconomic status and more severe depressive symptoms at baseline, but was not associated with any treatment related characteristics including antidepressant type and regimen, concomitant medications, side effects, and duration of treatment period. After adjustment, patients with physical comorbidity responded more slowly and less often - particularly in domains of anxiety, global severity, and functioning (all p-values depressive disorders in people with physical comorbidity. Future comparative studies between conventional and integrated treatment approaches are indicated for depressive disorders with physical comorbidity. 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Episodic Visual Learning/Memory and Attentional Flexibility in Patients With Major Depressive Disorder After Clinically Effective Electroconvulsive Therapy.

    Kalogerakou, Stamatina; Oulis, Panagiotis; Anyfandi, Eleni; Konstantakopoulos, George; Papakosta, Vasiliki-Maria; Kontis, Dimitrios; Theochari, Eirini; Angelopoulos, Elias; Zervas, Ioannis M; Mellon, Robert C; Papageorgiou, Charalambos C; Tsaltas, Eleftheria

    2015-12-01

    This study is a follow-up of a previous one reporting that the neuropsychological profile of pharmacoresistant patients with major depressive disorder referred for electroconvulsive therapy (ECT, ECT group) contrasted with that of their pharmacorespondent counterparts (NECT group). The NECT group exhibited severe visuospatial memory and minor executive deficits; the ECT group presented the reverse pattern. In that same ECT group, the current follow-up study examined the effects of clinically effective ECT on both cognitive domains 2 months later. Fifteen ECT patients were administered Hamilton Depression (HAMD-24), Hamilton Anxiety (HAMA), Mini-Mental State Examination Scales and 5 tests of Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery at intake (pre-ECT), end of ECT course (post-ECT), and 2 months thereafter (follow-up). Electroconvulsive therapy was effective in relieving clinical depression. After a post-ECT decline, the patients exhibited significant improvement in both Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery, paired associate learning, and Stockings of Cambridge. By contrast, their major pre-ECT deficit in intra/extradimensional set shifting remained virtually unaffected. Our findings suggest that attentional flexibility deficits may constitute a neuropsychological trait-like feature of pharmacoresistant, ECT-referred major depressive disorder patients. However, this deficit does not seem generalized, given patient improvement in episodic visual learning/memory and some indication of improvement in spatial planning after ECT.

  4. Safety and Efficacy of 188-Rhenium-Labeled Antibody to Melanin in Patients with Metastatic Melanoma

    M. Klein

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available There is a need for effective “broad spectrum” therapies for metastatic melanoma which would be suitable for all patients. The objectives of Phase Ia/Ib studies were to evaluate the safety, pharmacokinetics, dosimetry, and antitumor activity of 188Re-6D2, a 188-Rhenium-labeled antibody to melanin. Stage IIIC/IV metastatic melanoma (MM patients who failed standard therapies were enrolled in both studies. In Phase Ia, 10 mCi 188Re-6D2 were given while unlabeled antibody preload was escalated. In Phase Ib, the dose of 188Re-6D2 was escalated to 54 mCi. SPECT/CT revealed 188Re-6D2 uptake in melanoma metastases. The mean effective half-life of 188Re-6D2 was 12.4 h. Transient HAMA was observed in 9 patients. Six patients met the RECIST criteria for stable disease at 6 weeks. Two patients had durable disease stabilization for 14 weeks and one for 22 weeks. Median overall survival was 13 months with no dose-limiting toxicities. The data demonstrate that 188Re-6D2 was well tolerated, localized in melanoma metastases, and had antitumor activity, thus warranting its further investigation in patients with metastatic melanoma.

  5. Reduction in depressive symptoms in primary prevention ICD scheduled patients - One year prospective study.

    Amiaz, Revital; Asher, Elad; Rozen, Guy; Czerniak, Efrat; Levi, Linda; Weiser, Mark; Glikson, Michael

    2017-09-01

    Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators (ICDs), have previously been associated with the onset of depression and anxiety. The aim of this one-year prospective study was to evaluate the rate of new onset psychopathological symptoms after elective ICD implantation. A total of 158 consecutive outpatients who were scheduled for an elective ICD implantation were diagnosed and screened based on the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI). Depression and anxiety were evaluated using the Hamilton Rating Scales for Depression (HAM-D) and Anxiety (HAM-A). Patient's attitude toward the ICD device was evaluated using a Visual Analog Scale (VAS). Patients' mean age was 64±12.4years; 134 (85%) were men, with the majority of patients performing the procedure for reasons of 'primary prevention'. According to the MINI diagnosis at baseline, three (2%) patients suffered from major depressive disorder and ten (6%) from dysthymia. Significant improvement in HAM-D mean scores was found between baseline, three months and one year after implantation (6.50±6.4; 4.10±5.3 and 2.7±4.6, respectively F(2100)=16.42; pdepressive symptoms, while the overall mindset toward the ICD device was positive and improved during the one-year follow-up. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Psychological Distress in Healthy Low-Risk First-Time Mothers during the Postpartum Period: An Exploratory Study

    Christina Murphey

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Psychological distress, defined as depression, anxiety, and insomnia in this study, can occur following the birth of a baby as new mothers, in addition to marked physiological changes, are faced with adapting to new roles and responsibilities. We investigated the cooccurrence of stress, depression, anxiety, and insomnia in mothers during the postpartum period; tested the feasibility of study methods and procedures for use in this population; and identified new mothers interest in using cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES as an intervention for reducing psychological distress. We recruited healthy, low-risk, English speaking first-time mothers, ages 18–32 years, with healthy babies (N=33, within 12 months of an uncomplicated birth. Participants completed the PSS, HAM-D14, HAM-A17, and PSQI19. No problems were encountered with study procedures. Mothers reported a high interest (4.9 in the potential use of CES to treat or prevent the occurrence of psychological distress. All participants (N=33 reported moderate levels of depression and anxiety, while 75.8% (n=25 reported insomnia. PSS scores were within the norms for healthy women. Further research is recommended to investigate if our findings can be replicated or if different patterns of associations emerge. Implications for clinical practice are addressed.

  7. Does moving from war zone change emotions and risk perceptions? A field study of Israeli students

    Shosh Shahrabani

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The current field study uses data collected after the 2009 war between Israel and the Hamas militias in the Gaza Strip ended. The study compares recalled emotions and perceived risks among two groups of students, all of whom were exposed to rocket attacks. Individuals in the ``left the war zone'' group left the region under attack as a precautionary action, while the ``stayed in the war zone'' group remained in the region during war. The results indicate no significant differences in the levels of recalled fear and anger between the two groups, while the perceived self-risk from terror was higher among the ``stayed in the war zone'' group. Yet, a higher level of recalled fear was found among those who left the war zone and whose parents resided in the war zone, compared to those who left the war zone and whose parents resided outside the war zone. In addition, fearful people became more pessimistic about their level of personal risk from terror, but not about the routine risks. We conclude that civilians need attention even if they leave the war zone since leaving the attacked region as a precautionary action may mitigate perceived self-risk from terror but does not seem to eliminate the high level of negative emotions evoked by the terror attacks.

  8. Factors that might be predictive of completion of vaginismus treatment.

    Özdel, Kadir; Yılmaz Özpolat, Ayşegül; Çeri, Özge; Kumbasar, Hakan

    2012-01-01

    Vaginismus is defined as a recurrent or persistent involuntary spasm of the musculature of the outer third of the vagina that interferes with sexual intercourse. The aim of this study was to assess the level of symptoms of depression, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive symptoms, and perfectionism among patients with vaginismus, as well as to determine if these clinical variables are related to the completion of treatment. The study included 20 women with vaginismus and their spouses that were referred as outpatients to Ankara University, School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Consultation and Liaison Unit. All couples underwent cognitive behavioral therapy, which was administered as 40-60-min weekly sessions. At the first (assessment) session, the female patients were assessed using a sociodemographic evaluation form, the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAM-D), the Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety (HAM-A), the Maudsley Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory (MOCI), the Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (MPS), and the Golombok Rust Inventory of Sexual Satisfaction (GRISS). The male spouses were evaluated using the GRISS. The same scales were administered after the completion of treatment to those that completed the treatment. The correlation between completion of treatment, and an elevated level of anxiety and self-oriented perfectionism was significant (P Vaginismus is not only a sexual dysfunction, but it is related to multiple components of mental health. Anxiety and a perfectionist personality trait were important factors associated with the completion of treatment; therefore, these factors should be evaluated before treatment.

  9. Repetitive laser fusion experiment and operation using a target injection system

    Nishimura, Yasuhiko; Komeda, Osamu; Mori, Yoshitaka

    2017-01-01

    Since 2008, a collaborative research project on laser fusion development based on a high-speed ignition method using repetitive laser has been carried out with several collaborative research institutes. This paper reports the current state of operation of high repetition laser fusion experiments, such as target introduction and control based on a target injection system that allows free falling under 1 Hz, using a high repetition laser driver that has been under research and development, as well as the measurement of targets that freely fall. The HAMA laser driver that enabled high repetition fusion experiments is a titanium sapphire laser using a diode-pumped solid-state laser KURE-I of green light output as a driver pump light source. In order to carry out high repetition laser fusion experiments, the target injection device allows free falling of deuterated polystyrene solid sphere targets of 1 mm in diameter under 1 Hz. The authors integrated the developed laser and injection system, and succeeded first in the world in making the nuclear fusion reaction continuously by hitting the target to be injected with laser, which is essential technology for future laser nuclear fusion reactor. In order to realize repetition laser fusion experiments, stable laser, target synchronization control, and target position measurement technologies are indispensable. (A.O.)

  10. Repetitive Solid Spherical Pellet Injection and Irradiation toward the Repetitive-mode Fast-Ignition Fusion miniReactor CANDY

    HANAYAMA, Ryohei; KOMEDA, Osamu; NISHIMURA, Yasuhiko; MORI, Yoshitaka; ISHII, Katsuhiro; NAKAYAMA, Suisei; OKIHARA, Shinichiro; FUJITA, Kazuhisa; SEKINE, Takashi; SATO, Nakahiro; KAWASHIMA, Toshiyuki; KAN, Hirofumi; KURITA, Takashi; NAKAMURA, Naoki; KONDO, Takuya; FUJINE, Manabu; AZUMA, Hirozumi; HIOKI, Tatsumi; KAKENO, Mitsutaka; MOTOHIRO, Tomoyoshi

    2016-01-01

    Pellet injection and repetitive laser illumination are key technologies for realizing inertial fusion energy [1-4]. Neutron generator using lasers also requires a repeating pellet target supplier. Here we present the first demonstration of target injection and neutron generation[5]. We injected more than 1300 spherical deuterated polystyrene(C 8 D 8 ) bead pellet targets during 23 minutes at 1 Hz(Fig. 1). After the pellet targets fell for a distance of 18 cm, we applied the synchronized laser-diode-pumped ultra-intense laser HAMA. The laser intensity at the focal point is 5 x 10 18 W/cm 2 , which is high enough to generate neutrons. As a result of the irradiation, we produced 2.45-MeV DD neutrons. Figure 2 shows the neutron time-of-flight signals detected by plastic scintillators coupled to photomultipliers. The neutron energy was calculated by the time-of-flight method. The maximum neutron yield was 9.5 x 10 4 /4π sr. The result is a step toward fusion power and also suggests possible industrial neutron sources. (paper)

  11. Clinical improvement in patients with borderline personality disorder after treatment with repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation: preliminary results.

    Reyes-López, Julian; Ricardo-Garcell, Josefina; Armas-Castañeda, Gabriela; García-Anaya, María; Arango-De Montis, Iván; González-Olvera, Jorge J; Pellicer, Francisco

    2018-01-01

    Current treatment of borderline personality disorder (BPD) consists of psychotherapy and pharmacological interventions. However, the use of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) could be beneficial to improve some BPD symptoms. The objective of this study was to evaluate clinical improvement in patients with BPD after application of rTMS over the right or left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC). Twenty-nine patients with BPD from the National Institute of Psychiatry, Mexico, were randomized in two groups to receive 15 sessions of rTMS applied over the right (1 Hz, n=15) or left (5 Hz, n=14) DLPFC. Improvement was measured by the Clinical Global Impression Scale for BPD (CGI-BPD), Borderline Evaluation of Severity Over Time (BEST), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A), and Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS). Intragroup comparison showed significant (p < 0.05) reductions in every psychopathologic domain of the CGI-BPD and in the total scores of all scales in both groups. Both protocols produced global improvement in severity and symptoms of BPD, particularly in impulsiveness, affective instability, and anger. Further studies are warranted to explore the therapeutic effect of rTMS in BPD. NCT02273674

  12. Clinical utility of immunoscintigraphy with the Immu-4 99mTc-Fab' antibody

    Moffat, F.L.; Pinsky, C.M.; Hammershaimb, L.; Petrelli, N.J.; Patt, Y.Z.; Whaley, F.S.; Goldenberg, D.M.

    1996-01-01

    The purpose of these prospective, pivotal studies was to assess the performance and the potential clinical impact of a new antibody imaging agent, CEA-Scan TM , in 210 pre-surgical patients with advanced recurrent or metastatic colorectal carcinomas. CEA-Scan TM , an anti-carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) Fab' antibody fragment labeled with 99m Tc, was injected IV and external scintigraphy performed 2-5 h and 18-24 h later. Imaging with conventional diagnostic modalities (CDM) was also performed, and findings were confirmed by surgery and histology. The sensitivity of CEA-Scan TM was superior to that of CDM in the extrahepatic abdomen (55 % vs 32 %, ρ 0,007) and pelvis (69 % vs 48 %, p = 0,005), and CEA-Scan TM findings complemented those of CDM in the liver. Among 122 patients with known disease, the positive predictive value was significantly higher when both modalities were positive (98 %) as compared to each alone (68 % - 70 %), potentially obviating the need for histological confirmation when both tests are positive. Imaging accuracy also was significantly improved y adding CEA-Scan TM to CDM. In 88 patients with occult cancer, imaging accuracy was enhanced significantly by CEA-Scan TM combined with CDM (61 % vs 33 %). Potential clinical benefit from CEA-Scan TM was demonstrated in 89 of 210 patients. Only two patients developed human anti-mouse antibodies (HAMA) to CEA-Scan TM after a single injection, and none of 19 assessable patients after two injections. (author)

  13. Comparison of Body, Auricular, and Abdominal Acupuncture Treatments for Insomnia Differentiated as Internal Harassment of Phlegm-Heat Syndrome: An Orthogonal Design

    Yue Jiao

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To identify the optimum treatment protocol for insomnia among auricular, body, and abdominal needling methods. Methods. A three-factor (3 needling protocols and three-level experimental scheme was designed based on orthogonal method. 54 patients of insomnia differentiated as internal harassment of phlegm-heat syndrome were given two courses of acupuncture treatment (each with 20 times of acupuncture. The therapeutic effects were evaluated by comparing the Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI, Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD scores, and Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA scores of patients before treatment, after one course of treatment, and after two courses of treatment as well as one month after treatment. Results. Body, auricular, and abdominal acupuncture treatments all alleviated symptoms of insomnia, depression, and anxiety, but body and auricular acupuncture had stronger therapeutic effects. Conclusions. Body acupuncture at basic points shall be given priority in protocol selection for insomnia. The second-best choice is auricular acupuncture with basic points combined with points based on Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM theories. Abdominal needling with very quick effect can be an alternative protocol with basic points combined with syndrome differentiation points.

  14. Study about the effects of different fitness sports on cognitive function and emotion of the aged.

    Zhang, Xinan; Ni, Xiaomei; Chen, Peijie

    2014-12-01

    The aim of the study was to explore the effects of different fitness sports on cognitive function and emotion of the aged people. A total of 150 subjects aged between 60 and 70 were recruited from Shenyang Aged University and elderly activity center. All subjects reported no fitness before this study. The aged subjects were divided into five groups, included swimming group (A group), running group (B group), square dancing group (C group), Tai Chi group (D group) and control group (E group) with 30 people in each group. Subjects in each group received exercise intervention continued for 18 months. At baseline, 6, 12 and 18 months after intervention, the P300 test, SECF, HAMD and HAMA scale evaluations were performed. Compared to E group, the P2, N2 and P3 latency and response time in the D group after intervention for 6 months, and in the A-C groups after intervention for 12 months were significantly prolonged. The anxiety symptom and depression levels in the A-D groups after intervention for 12 months were significantly decreased when compared to E group (P effect of exercise intervention for Tai Chi group was the most significant. Different fitness sports have marked beneficial effect on cognitive function and emotion of the aged people, especially the Tai Chi exercise.

  15. Hybrid wide-angle viewing-endoscopic vitrectomy using a 3D visualization system

    Kita M

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available Mihori Kita, Yuki Mori, Sachiyo Hama Department of Ophthalmology, National Organization Kyoto Medical Center, Kyoto, Japan Purpose: To introduce a hybrid wide-angle viewing-endoscopic vitrectomy, which we have reported, using a 3D visualization system developed recently. Subjects and methods: We report a single center, retrospective, consecutive surgical case series of 113 eyes that underwent 25 G vitrectomy (rhegmatogenous retinal detachment or proliferative vitreoretinopathy, 49 eyes; epiretinal membrane, 18 eyes; proliferative diabetic retinopathy, 17 eyes; vitreous opacity or vitreous hemorrhage, 11 eyes; macular hole, 11 eyes; vitreomacular traction syndrome, 4 eyes; and luxation of intraocular lens, 3 eyes. Results: This system was successfully used to perform hybrid vitrectomy in the difficult cases, such as proliferative vitreoretinopathy and proliferative diabetic retinopathy. Conclusion: Hybrid wide-angle viewing-endoscopic vitrectomy using a 3D visualization system appears to be a valuable and promising method for managing various types of vitreoretinal disease. Keywords: 25 G vitrectomy, endoscope, wide-angle viewing system, 3D visualization system, hybrid

  16. First demonstration of laser engagement of 1-Hz-injected flying pellets and neutron generation

    Komeda, Osamu; Nishimura, Yasuhiko; Mori, Yoshitaka; Hanayama, Ryohei; Ishii, Katsuhiro; Nakayama, Suisei; Kitagawa, Yoneyoshi; Sekine, Takashi; Sato, Nakahiro; Kurita, Takashi; Kawashima, Toshiyuki; Kan, Hirofumi; Nakamura, Naoki; Kondo, Takuya; Fujine, Manabu; Azuma, Hirozumi; Motohiro, Tomoyoshi; Hioki, Tatsumi; Kakeno, Mitsutaka; Sunahara, Atsushi; Sentoku, Yasuhiko; Miura, Eisuke

    2013-01-01

    Pellet injection and repetitive laser illumination are key technologies for realizing inertial fusion energy. Numerous studies have been conducted on target suppliers, injectors, and tracking systems for flying pellet engagement. Here we for the first time demonstrate the pellet injection, counter laser beams' engagement and neutron generation. Deuterated polystyrene (CD) bead pellets, after free-falling for a distance of 18 cm at 1 Hz, are successfully engaged by two counter laser beams from a diode-pumped, ultra-intense laser HAMA. The laser energy, pulse duration, wavelength, and the intensity are 0.63 J per beam, 104 fs, and 811 nm, 4.7 × 1018 W/cm2, respectively. The irradiated pellets produce D(d,n)3He-reacted neutrons with a maximum yield of 9.5 × 104/4π sr/shot. Moreover, the laser is found out to bore a straight channel with 10 μm-diameter through the 1-mm-diameter beads. The results indicate potentially useful technologies and findings for the next step in realizing inertial fusion energy. PMID:24008696

  17. The TAS-20 more likely measures negative affects rather than alexithymia itself in patients with major depression, panic disorder, eating disorders and substance use disorders.

    Marchesi, Carlo; Ossola, Paolo; Tonna, Matteo; De Panfilis, Chiara

    2014-05-01

    This study evaluates whether the difference in Toronto Alexithymia Scale-20 item (TAS-20) between patients with major depression (MD), panic disorder (PD), eating disorders (ED), and substance use disorders (SUD) and healthy controls persisted after controlling for the severity of anxiety and depression. Thirty-eight patients with MD, 58 with PD, 52 with ED, and 30 with SUD and 78 healthy controls (C) completed the TAS-20, the Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety (Ham-A), the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (Ham-D). The differences in TAS-20 scores observed between patient groups, regardless of the type of their disorders, and controls disappeared after controlling for the effect of anxiety and depression severity. In contrast, the differences in severity of anxiety and depression between patients and controls were still present, after excluding the effect of alexithymic levels. Our data suggest that alexithymic levels, as measured by the TAS-20, are modulated by the severity of symptoms, supporting the view that alexithymia can represent a state phenomenon in patients with MD, PD, ED and SUD, because the TAS-20 seems overly sensitive to a general distress syndrome, and it is more likely to measure negative affects rather than alexithymia itself. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Initial study with Tc99m antigranulocyte antibody (MAK-47) in detection sources of infection

    Cwikla, J.B.; Buscombe, J.R.; Hilson, A.J.; Janoki, G.A.

    1997-01-01

    Antigranulocytes antibodies (AGAB) are antibodies directed against glycoprotein on the surface of granulocytes and as such provides in vivo cell labelling. They are easily labelled with Tc99m and comes a one step labelling technique. 20 patients have been studied 1 h and 4-6 hours after administration of 200 MBq of Tc99m AGAB (MAK-47). Less then 0.5 mg of antibody was given to each patients. Sites of uptake and outside of the reticular-endothelial system were reported as showing positive accumulation. Clinical results were confirmed by microbiological, pathological examinations, clinical follow-up and autopsy. There were 8 patients who had sites of infection confirmed by additional examination. All patients were visualized by Tc99m AGAB (MAK-47). There were 4 cases of osteomyelitis and septic arthritis and 4 cases of focal intra-abdominal infection. Two patients had uptake in non-infected/inflammatory arthritis, both in the knee. The remaining patients had true negative studies. The diagnostic accuracy of this study was as follows: sensitivity 100%, specificity 83%, positive predictive value (PPV) was 80% and negative predictive value (NPV) was 100%. Antigranulocyte antibody (MAK-47) seems to by promising tool in detecting focal infection in bone and soft tissue, except physiological accumulation in some parts of the body. It should be considered that antibodies can have non-specific uptake in non-infected, inflammation sites. It is easy to use and no had allergic reaction and HAMA antibody (human antimouse antibody). (author)

  19. Motivations and Implications of Community Service Provision by La Familia Michoacána / Knights Templar and other Mexican Drug Cartels

    Shawn T. Flanigan

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Research demonstrates that service provision by violent organizations can be an effective strategy for coercing the local community to accept and conceal a group’s violent activities, and for creating loyalty to these groups. This has been most frequently explored among political organizations such as terrorist groups, with organizations like Hezbollah and Hamas very visibly engaged in providing social welfare in addition to their violent activities. Recent reports indicate that criminal organizations in Mexico also are involved in instances of public service provision in local communities. This article explores the extent to which drug cartels operating in Mexico are involved in public service provision to members of communities where they operate, and considers possible motivations and implications for public service provision by these criminal organizations, with specific attention to the organization La Familia Michoacána/ Knights Templar. The article also gives attention to the consequences to citizenship and government of service provision by violent nonstate actors, and the ways such service provision may disrupt the social contract between the citizen and the state.

  20. GRUPO TERAPÊUTICO COM MULHERES COM TRANSTORNOS DE ANSIEDADE: AVALIAÇÃO PELA ESCALA DE ANSIEDADE DE HAMILTON

    ÂNGELA MARIA ALVES E SOUZA

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available La necesidad de evaluar la asistencia a un grupo de mujeres nos llevó a la aplicación de una escala. Fueron seleccionadas dieciocho usuarias con diagnóstico de trastornos neuróticos, relacionados al estrés y somato formes. Se aplicó la Escala de Evaluación de Ansiedad de Hamilton (HAM-A con el objetivo de verificar el nivel de ansiedad antes y después de empezar las sesiones grupales. Realizamos 16 sesiones semanales, con desarrollo de técnicas de relajación y arte terapia, y como referencial la Terapia de Gestalt de corta duración. Después de las secciones de grupo, el nivel de ansiedad de las mujeres acompañadas a través de abordaje grupal, tuvo reducción significativa en lo que se refiere a los síntomas que habían aparecido como características determinantes para su sufrimiento psíquico.

  1. The implications of free 3D scanning in the conservation state assessment of old wood painted icon

    Munteanu, Marius; Sandu, Ion

    2016-06-01

    The present paper presents the conservation state and the making of a 3D model of a XVIII-th century orthodox icon on wood support, using free available software and cloud computing. In order to create the 3D model of the painting layer of the icon a number of 70 pictures were taken using a Nikon DSLR D3300, 24.2 MP in setup with a Hama Star 75 photo tripod, in loops 360° around the painting, at three different angles. The pictures were processed with Autodesk I23D Catch, which automatically finds and matches common features among all of the uploaded photographs in order to create the 3D scene, using the power and speed of cloud computing. The obtained 3D model was afterwards analyzed and processed in order to obtain a final version, which can now be use to better identify, to map and to prioritize the future conservation processes and finally can be shared online as an animation.

  2. Mechanical Adaptability of the MMP-Responsive Film Improves the Functionality of Endothelial Cell Monolayer.

    Hu, Mi; Chang, Hao; Zhang, He; Wang, Jing; Lei, Wen-Xi; Li, Bo-Chao; Ren, Ke-Feng; Ji, Jian

    2017-07-01

    Extracellular matrix and cells are inherent in coordinating and adapting to each other during all physiological and pathological processes. Synthetic materials, however, show rarely reciprocal and spatiotemporal responses to cells, and lacking self-adapting properties as well. Here, a mechanical adaptability based on the matrix metalloproteinase (MMPs) sensitive polyelectrolyte film is reported. Poly-lysine (PLL) and methacrylated hyaluronic acid (HA-MA) nanolayers are employed to build the thin film through the layer-by-layer assembly, and it is further crosslinked using MMP sensitive peptides, which endows the films with changeable mechanical properties in response to MMPs. It is demonstrated that stiffness of the (PLL/HA-MA) films increases with the crosslinking, and then decreases in response to a treatment of enzyme. Consequently, the crosslinked (PLL/HA-MA) films reveal effective growth of endothelial cells (ECs), leading to fast formation of EC monolayer. Importantly, significantly improved endothelial function of the EC monolayer, which is characterized by integrity, biomolecules release, expression of function related gene, and antithrombotic properties, is achieved along with the decrosslinking of the film because of EC-secreted MMPs. These results suggest that mechanical adaptability of substrate in Young's modulus plays a significant role in endothelial progression, which shows great application potential in tissue engineering, regenerative medicine, and organ-on-a-chip. © 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  3. Burden of care in the caregivers of patients with anxiety disorders

    Manu Agarwal

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Anxiety disorders are one of the frequently encountered psychiatric disorders in psychiatric clinics which have significant impact on the psychosocial well-being of the patient as well as their caregivers. Study Design and Aims: This study is a non- invasive, cross sectional study of 91 patients with anxiety disorder (except obsessive compulsive disorder aimed to assess the burden of care on their key-relatives and to study various socio demographic and clinical variables of the patient in relation to burden of care on key-relatives. Methodology: Patients diagnosed with anxiety disorders other than obsessive compulsive disorder and their key relatives satisfying the selection criteria were enrolled in the study. Assessment was done on semi-structured proforma, ICD 10 DCR, SCAN (Schedules for Clinical Assessment in Neuropsychiatry, International Personality Disorder Examination (IPDE, Burden assessment schedule, Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A. Result: Total adjusted burden score in our study was 40.41 which is suggestive of mild burden. It was found that the burden of care was higher in male gender, married individuals, in joint families, among spouses, urban background, in the age group 41 to 50 years, low income group particularly on farmers and laborers. Generalized anxiety disorder was associated with more burden of care in comparison to other anxiety disorders. Conclusion: Key relatives of patients with anxiety disorder have significant burden of care in different domains along the socio-demographic strata.

  4. Management of reticular oral lichen planus patients with burning mouth syndrome-like oral symptoms: a pilot study.

    Adamo, Daniela; Mignogna, Michele Davide; Pecoraro, Giuseppe; Aria, Massimo; Fortuna, Giulio

    2018-01-31

    We sought to determine the efficacy of psychotropic drug in the management of BMS-like oral symptoms in patients with reticular oral lichen planus (R-OLP) refractory to conventional therapies, and its impact on anxious and depressive symptoms. We enrolled 28 cases of symptomatic R-OLP. The Numeric Rating Scale (NRS), the Total Pain Rating Index (T-PRI), the Hamilton rating scales for Depression (HAM-D) and Anxiety (HAM-A) were performed at baseline (time 0), after 2 months of topical clonazepam (time 1) and after 6 months of benzodiazepine and antidepressant drugs (time 2). R-OLP patients showed a statistically significant improvement in the NRS and T-PRI scores from time 0 [median: 9.0 (IQR: 7.2-10.0) and 10.5 (IQR: 7.0-13.0), respectively] to time 2 [(median: 2.0 (IQR: 2.0-3.0) (p oral symptoms in R-OLP patients refractory to conventional immunosuppressive therapy, although in a long-term period.

  5. 18F-FDG PET imaging before and after capsulotomy in obsessive-compulsive disorder

    Guan Yihui; Sun Bomin; Zhang Haiying; Lin Xiangtong; Zuo Chuantao; Zhao Jun; Liu Yongchang

    2001-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the therapeutic effect of surgery in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) patients with 18 F-FDG PET imaging. Methods: 18 F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-PET images were obtained in 9 patients with OCD (6 male and 3 female) before and after 3 to 4 weeks of bilateral capsulotomy, PET images were also performed in 10 controls. Each OCD patient was also evaluated both before and after the surgery by various neuropsychiatric tests including Y-BOCS, HAMA and HAMD. Results: Compare with normal controls, 9 cases of OCD demonstrated high 18 F-FDG uptake in frontal, cingulate, orbital gyri, caudate and thalamus. After capsulotomy, 6 of 9 cases showed better results, the metabolic ratios were also significant decreased in the following areas: anterior cingule gyrus: right (P < 0.001) left (P < 0.05), caudate nuclei: right (P < 0.01) left (P < 0.05), anterolateral orbital frontal cortex: right (P < 0.01) left (P < 0.05), there is no significant changes in bilateral thalamus. Meanwhile, the OCD scales also have significant decreased values in Y-BOCS (P < 0.05) and HARS (P < 0.001). Conclusions: These results indicated that cingule-striatum-pallidum-thalamic circuit is closely related to OCD, and glucose metabolism in these areas decreases significantly after bilateral capsulotomy

  6. Crisis of Legitimacy in Palestine

    Hani Albasoos

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Palestinian society is geographically separated and politically fragmented. This is attributed to partisan affiliation and alignment, absence of conceptual and professional framework of civil society, unethical approach of Palestinian political leaders, and unconstitutional political institutions. Such polarization and division have created political antagonism within elites and between factions. The broad objective of this research is to investigate the legitimacy crisis in Palestine, the current political dilemma in the Palestinian Authority, and the public response to the situation. The research introduces direct and thorough understanding of the developing political context surrounding these issues; taking into consideration that growing deficit in legitimacy could create potentially dire consequences, particularly if present trends on the ground continue. The research promotes an analytical perspective based on legitimacy theory and exploring recent public opinion polls. This study formulates a constructive analysis of the failure of the Palestinian political institutions at the leadership level to meet the basic expectations of the Palestinian people and the unproductive methodology of hampering the implementation of the Basic Law concerning the Palestinian political system. It reviews the empirical dilemmas of the Palestinian Authority and eliminates several assumptions of Fatah and Hamas’s - main parties - political and domestic priorities. The possibility of a new Palestinian political phenomena emerging is in the context of a new popular mobilisation lessened by the fact that both movements (Fatah and Hamas are firmly enmeshed in the very fabric of Palestinian society through patronage networks.

  7. PROSPEK AHLI EKONOMI SYARIAH DI DALAM MENGHADAPI ASEAN ECONOMIC COMMUNITY

    Abdul Wadud Nafis

    2015-01-01

    kawasan terpadu Asean dengan luas sekitar 4,47 juta km persegi yang didiami oleh lebih dari 600 juta jiwa dari 10 negara anggota ini diharapkan dapat meningkatkan efisiensi dan memacu daya saing ekonomi kawasan ASEAN yang diindikasikan melalui terjadinya arus bebas (free flow : barang, jasa, investasi, tenaga kerja, dan modal. ASEAN Economic Community merupakan tantangan bagi ekonomi Islam dan diwaktu yang sama juga memeberi peluang besar bagi masa depan ekonomi Islam, karena Lembaga keuangan Syariah dan bisnis Syariah akan berkembang di seluruh negara-negara ASEAN.

  8. Kajian Degradasi Lahan Sebagai Dasar Pengendalian Banjir di DAS Juwana

    Arina Miardini

    2016-10-01

    Juwana sebesar 50,25% yang termasuk kriteria tinggi. Daerah yang menjadi prioritas penanganan dalam pengendalian banjir terdapat pada satuan lahan yang memiliki nilai koefisien aliran tinggi sampai ekstrim seluas 48042,46 ha atau sebesar 36,84% dari luas DAS Juwana. Dalam upaya mengendalikan banjir dirumuskan beberapa pengelolaan yaitu penatagunaan lahan merestorasi, reklamasi dan konservasi penggunaan lahan sesuai dengan arahan fungsi penggunaan lahan sehingga dapat dikendalikannya aliran permukaan (surface run-off karena berfungsinya tutupan vegetasi pada setiap penggunaan lahan disertai dengan pengelolaan lahan yang berbasis konservasi tanah dan air serta melalui pendekatan kolaboratif dengan memperhatikan potensi dan sensitivitas sumberdaya dalam DAS dan pesisir sehingga diperoleh pengelolaan yang terpadu.

  9. PERMASALAHAN DAN POTENSI PESISIR DI KABUPATEN SAMPANG

    Aries Dwi Siswanto

    2016-03-01

    tentang permasalahan dan potensi yang ada di wilayah pesisir di Kabupaten Sampang. Data diambil dengan metode interview dengan responden masyarakat di daerah pesisir selama bulan April 2015 dan hasil kuisioner dianalisa secara deskriptif. Hasil analisa kuisioner menunjukkan permasalahan yang teridentifikasi meliputi kebutuhan lahan, overlapping wilayah pemanfaatan, ancaman pencemaran dan degradasi lingkungan, dan zonasi pemanfaatan; sedangkan potensi yang ada di wilayah pesisir Kabupaten Sampang meliputi garam, wisata bahari, budidaya laut, dan pengembangan kawasan industri dan pelabuhan. Permasalahan maupun potensi yang teridentifikasi di wilayah pesisir dan pantai di Kabupaten Sampang relative identik dengan Kabupaten Bangkalan. Untuk itu, perlu penyelesaian komprehensif sehingga dapat meminimalkan dampak yang ada sekaligus sebagai upaya untuk mengoptimalkan pemanfaatan dalam upaya mewujudkan pola pengelolaan wilayah pesisir terpadu. Kata kunci: permasalahan, pesisir, potensi, PWP, Sampang

  10. KEGEMUKAN, ANEMIA, DAN PRESTASI BELAJAR SISWA SEKOLAH DASAR DI KOTA BOGOR

    Lilis Heryati

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThe purpose of this study was to analyze the correlation between overweight, anemia, and academic achievement of elementary school students in Bogor District. The design of this study was a cross-sectional and it was conducted between March to July 2014, at Polisi 1 and At Taufiq elementary school. Total subjects were 100 students, consisting of 62 students (62% with normal nutritional status and 38 students (38% overnutrition (overweight and obese. Mann Whitney test, Independent sample t test, Spearman and Pearson correlation test were applied to analyze the variables tested. The results showed that there were a significantly different intake of energy, protein, and fat (p<0.05, but not for anemic status and academic achievement among normal nutritional status and overnutrition of the subjects. A significant correlation was found between energy intake and nutritional status (p<0.05, anemic status and the mean scores of science and Indonesian language subjects (p<0.05. However, there were no significant correlation among nutritional status with anemic status and academic achievement (p>0.05.Keywords: academic achievement, anemia, obesity, overweightABSTRAKTujuan penelitian ini adalah menganalisis hubungan antara kegemukan, anemia, dan prestasi belajar siswa sekolah dasar di Kota Bogor. Desain penelitian yang digunakan adalah cross sectional study, dilaksanakan pada bulan Maret sampai Juli 2014, di Sekolah Dasar Negeri (SDN Polisi 1 dan Sekolah Dasar Islam Terpadu (SDIT At Taufiq. Jumlah subjek penelitian adalah 100 siswa, terdiri atas 62 siswa normal dan 38 siswa kegemukan (overweight dan obes. Analisis statistik yang digunakan adalah uji beda Mann Whitney dan independent sample t test serta uji korelasi Spearman dan Pearson. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa antara subjek normal dan kegemukan terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan pada asupan energi, protein, dan lemak (p<0,05, namun tidak terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan pada status

  11. Factors influencing mother's participation in Posyandu for improving nutritional status of children under-five in Aceh Utara district, Aceh province, Indonesia.

    Nazri, Cut; Yamazaki, Chiho; Kameo, Satomi; Herawati, Dewi M D; Sekarwana, Nanan; Raksanagara, Ardini; Koyama, Hiroshi

    2016-01-22

    Posyandu, or pos pelayanan terpadu (integrated service post), is a community-based activity for health services in Indonesia. According to the Indonesian Basic Health Survey, the prevalence of children under five in Indonesia who suffered from being underweight was 19.6 %. The wasting was 12.1 % and the stunting was 37.2 % in 2013, and these values have not changed greatly from 2007; much greater than the WHO targets of, less than 10 % underweight, 5 % wasting, and 20 % stunting. In Aceh were 26.6, 16.8, and 43.3 %, respectively. Also, the participation percentages of mothers to Posyandu was about 45 %, far below the national target of 100 %. In Aceh Province, the percentage was even lower (34 % in 2013). This study aimed to investigate the factors influencing participation of mothers in Posyandu. This research used a cross-sectional design with sample of mothers who had children under five. They were chosen by multistage random sampling. Sample size was determined by the WHO formula. Face-to-face interviews were carried out using a questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of items about socio-demographic characteristics, satisfaction with Posyandu services, attitude towards Posyandu benefits, and intention to attend Posyandu. The collected data were analyzed by using EZR (version 1.21). Fisher's exact test was performed to examine the associations between the socio-demographic factors, attitude, satisfaction, and intention covariates with participation. Logistic regression was used to describe the strength of the relationship between the predictor variables and participation. There were no significant differences in age, marital status, education level, occupation, family size, and distance to Posyandu between low participation group except for the monthly household income. Among the socio-demographic factors, only monthly household income had a significant association with the frequency of mothers' participation. Satisfaction, attitude, and intention were

  12. Hubungan Penggunaan Kontrasepsi Pil dengan Usia Menopause

    Fitriyani Fitriyani

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Menopause merupakan menstruasi yang berhenti secara permanen yang disebabkan kehilangan fungsi folikel sel-sel telur. Wanita yang memasuki menopause mengalami penurunan hormon estrogen yang mengganggu aktivitas sehari-hari, bahkan menurunkan kualitas hidup. Penggunaan kontrasepsi pil berhubungan dengan penundaan usia dan keluhan menopause. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui hubungan antara penggunaan kontrasepsi pil terhadap usia menopause. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain potong lintang. Populasi adalah wanita menopause di Pos Pembinaan Terpadu (Posbindu Kota Depok. Sampel pada penelitian adalah wanita menopause yang berusia 45 - 60 tahun. Teknik pengambilan sampel secara purposive sampling subjek dengan besar sampel 407 orang. Analisis multivariat pada penelitian ini menggunakan cox proportional hazard model. Hasil analisis multivariat menunjukkan tidak ada hubungan antara lama penggunaan kontrasepsi pil terhadap usia menopause baik sebelum maupun sesudah dikontrol variabel kovariat, yaitu tingkat pendidikan. Namun demikian, masih diperlukan penelitian lain dengan menggunakan desain penelitian kohort prospektif untuk dapat melihat hubungan temporal antara lama penggunaan kontrasepsi pil terhadap usia menopause. Menopause is marked with the permanent cessation of menstruation due to the loss of follicles. Earlier menopause will be likely to increase the risk factors relating to declined estrogen level, such as osteoporosis that can lead to early death. Awoman entering menopause period often experiences declined estrogen hormone that causes her to have complaints or disturbances that hinder her daily activities and even reduce her quality of life. However, the use of oral contraceptive poses a correlation with the postponing of menopause age and complaints. The primary aim of this study was to examine the relation of oral contraceptive use and age at menopause. This was an observational study with cross-sectional study design. Population in

  13. PEMANFAATAN LIMBAH IKAN SIDAT INDONESIA (Anguilla bicolor SEBAGAI TEPUNG PADA INDUSTRI PENGOLAHAN IKAN DI PALABUHANRATU, KABUPATEN SUKABUMI

    RA Hangesti Emi Widyasari

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThis research aims to analyze the nutritive value of flour head, liver powder and bone meal as by product of Indonesian eel (Anguilla bicolor processing. Eel waste flour was made by using a thermal process in the drum dryer fish flouring mill PT. Carmelitha Lestari in Bogor, whereas proximate analysis for chemical tests were performed in the laboratory of Integrated Chemical Laboratory, IPB and direct observation was conducted in PT Jawa Suisan Indah, Palabuhanratu Sukabumi district in October 2012—April 2013. The nutritive value based on proximate analysis showed that head flour, liver flour, and bone flour contained protein 61.78%, 53.92%, and 41.01%; fat 15.55%, 27.28%, 13.07%; carbohydrate 11.48%; 14.96%, 8.13%; water 5.44%, 8.48%, 3.01%; ash 12.95%, 3.62%, 37.49%, and crude fiber 1.33%, 0.04%, 1.11%, respectively.Keywords: Anguilla bicolor, bone flour, head flour, liver flour, nutritive valueABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis kandungan gizi tepung kepala, tepung tulang dan tepung hati ikan yang merupakan limbah pengolahan ikan sidat Indonesia (Anguilla bicolor. Tepung limbah ikan sidat dibuat berdasarkan proses termal menggunakan drum dryer di pabrik penepungan ikan PT. Carmelitha Lestari di Bogor dan analisis proksimat untuk uji kimiawi dilakukan di Laboratorium Kimia Terpadu, IPB serta observasi langsung di PT Jawa Suisan Indah, Palabuhanratu Kabupaten Sukabumi pada bulan Oktober 2012—April 2013. Hasil analisis proksimat tepung kepala, tepung hati dan tepung tulang mengandung protein berturut-turut sebesar 61.78%, 53.92%, dan 41.01%; lemak sebesar 15.55%; 27.28%; 13.07%, karbohidrat sebesar 11.48%; 14.96%; 8.13%, kadar air sebesar 5.44%; 8.48%; 3.01%, kadar abu 12.95%; 3.62%; 37.49% dan serat kasar 1.33%; 0.04%; 1.11%.Kata kunci: Anguilla bicolor, nilai gizi, tepung hati, tepung kepala, tepung tulang

  14. Hari Malaria Sedunia 2013 Investasi Di Masa Depan. Taklukkan Malaria

    Hotnida Sitorus

    2017-02-01

    dukungan dana ataupun fasilitas bagi negara-negara endemis malaria yang tidak memiliki sumber daya yang cukup untuk mengendalikan malaria. Banyak upaya yang telah dilakukan maupun yang masih dalam tahap pengembangan. Penggunaan kelambu berinsektisida tahan lama secara tepat dapat mengurangi kasus malaria. Penggunaan rapid diagnostic test terutama pada daerah pelosok dan yang tidak memiliki fasilitas pemeriksaan mikroskopis sangat bermanfaat bagi penderita untuk memperoleh pengobatan yang cepat dan tepat. Pengendalian malaria melalui manajemen vektor terpadu merupakan proses pengambilan keputusan yang rasional untuk mengoptimalkan penggunaan sumber daya dalam pengendalian vektor. Teknik serangga mandul memiliki prospek yang menjanjikan dan diharapkan dapat menggantikan peran insektisida kimiawi yang berdampak negatif baik terhadap lingkungan maupun vektor sasaran (resistensi. Kata kunci: Malaria, Kelambu berinsektisida tahan lama, uji diagnostik cepat

  15. PARTISIPASI MASYARAKAT DALAM PENGENDALIAN VEKTOR DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE DI KOTA SEMARANG PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH

    Wiwik Trapsilowati

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Community empowerment in dengue vector control was an attempt to encourage community to participate in the prevention and control of dengue. The one of global strategy was selective and integrated vector control which involved community participation. The obejctive of this study was to measure community participation in dengue vector control, and indicators of entomology. The study was conducted in Sendang Mulyo, Tembalang district, Semarang city. The design study was participatory action research. This study developed methods of empowerment through participatory rural appraisal, participatory learning and action and communication for behavioural impact, modification was called empowerment in dengue vector control (EDVC. Data collected by quesionare with Likert scale and larvae survey. Participation dengue cadres showed that capacity, involving, volunteering and scope of activities was the excellent category (score : > 80%. Larvae indicators showed the free larvae number increased from 66,84% to 90,75%, house index from 33,16 to 9,25, container index 16Partisipasi Masyarakat dalam Pengendalian ...  (Wiwik Trapsilowati, et. alfrom 11,69 to 1,44 and breteau index  from 41,09 to 11,08. The analysis larvae indicators showed significantly different at second observation with fourth observation (p < 0.05. As well as the facilitator needs to be done periodic refreshing and larvae survey = Pemberdayaan masyarakat dalam pengendalian vektor DBD merupakan upaya untuk mendorong masyarakat berpartisipasi aktif dalam pencegahan dan penanggulangan DBD. Salah satu strategi global pemberantasan DBD adalah pengendalian nyamuk secara selektif dan terpadu dengan partisipasi masyarakat. Tujuan penelitian mengukur partisipasi masyarakat dalam pengendalian vektor DBD. Penelitian dilakukan di Kelurahan Sendang Mulyo, Kecamatan Tembalang, Kota Semarang. Rancangan penelitian adalah participatory action research serta pengembangan metode pemberdayaan modifikasi metode

  16. SUKU FABACEAE DI KAMPUS UNIVERSITAS ISLAM NEGERI SYARIF HIDAYATULLAH, JAKARTA, BAGIAN 2: TUMBUHAN POLONG BERPERAWAKAN TERNA

    Priyanti Priyanti

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Suku Fabaceae adalah tetumbuhan yang memiliki buah bertipe polong. Suku tersebut selain berperawakan pohon juga berupa terna. Anggota suku Fabaceae (polong banyak ditemukan di sekitar lingkungan manusia termasuk di Kampus Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN Syarif Hidayatullah, Jakarta. Informasi mengenai keanekaragaman tumbuhan polong yang berupa terna di Kampus UIN Syarif Hidayatullah belum tersedia. Penelitian dilakukan menggunakan metode jelajah di kampus I dan II serta studi pustaka. Sebanyak 3 jenis tumbuhan polong berperawakan terna telah didapatkan di lingkungan kampus, yaitu Arachis pintoi Krapov. & W. C. Greg., Mimosa diplotricha C. Wright ex Sauvalle, dan M. pudica L. Jenis-jenis tersebut termasuk ke dalam 2 anak suku (Faboideae, Mimosoideae dan 2 puak (Aeschynomeneae, Mimoseae. Jenis-jenis tersebut tumbuh di lokasi yang berbeda-beda. Tumbuhan polong yang hanya ditemukan di Fakultas Kedokteran dan Ilmu Keshatan (FKIK adalah A. pintoi. Mimosa diplotricha ditemukan tumbuh di Pusat Laboratorium Terpadu Fakultas Sains dan Teknologi, Perpustakaan Utama, FKIK, Fakultas Sosial dan Ilmu Politik (FISIP, Wisma Syahida, Pusat Bahasa, dan Sekolah Pascasarjana, sedangkan M. pudica ditemukan Perpustakaan Utama, FISIP, dan Wisma Syahida. Kelengkapan data tentang tumbuhan polong di Kampus UIN Syarif Hidayatullah ini dapat digunakan oleh para mahasiswa untuk mempelajari keanekaragamnnya. Abstract Fabaceae is a plant with a pod-type fruit. A Habit of this family is not only trees but also herb. Fabaceae (legumes is often found on the human environment around campus included in the State Islamic University (UIN Syarif Hidayatullah, Jakarta. The Information about the legume herbs diversity on the UIN Syarif Hidayatullah yet available. The study was conducted using survey and literature methods. There were 3 species legume herbs in the campus, viz. Arachis pintoi Krapov. & W. C. Greg., Mimosa diplotricha C. Wright ex Sauvalle, and M. pudica L. All

  17. KARAKTER ATRAKTIF DALAM PERANCANGAN TAMAN PETUALANGAN ANAK

    Renata Heryawati Hess

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Learning by adventural games has strongly built in self confidence, emotion defensibility, teamwork, creativity and fast in making decision, leadership, are the effective education system if started as soon as possible. That is in child growing period. The challenge and pleasant caracters, these games need the attractive and dynamic performance buildings. By research and design cooperation between supervisor and the final studio student by the title " Psychological Approach in Building Design: Adventure Park for Kids Case Study", funded by the PHK A-3 Dikti, the performance criteria have been found for design reference. The research has used deductive-inductive method by phenomenology approach to the number of the relevant case studies. By inductive analysis method have found the architectural performance criteria of attractive, safety and dynamic building both cognitive, affective, and psychomotoric consideration. The organic and variative elevation of room and building form, kid's scale and room dimension, warm polychromatic colour compotition, maximalize vegetation and water for landscape, rough texture and circle circulation pattern, strong construction, are the findings for accommodating safety, pleasant, imajinative, and natural building image. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Pembelajaran melalui permainan yang mengandung tantangan dan petualangan membangun karakter kuat dalam hal percaya diri, ketahanan emosi, kerjasama, kecermatan, kecepatan dan kreativitas dalam mengambil keputusan, kepemimpinan, serta sejumlah motivasi lain yang secara prinsip bersifat psikologis. Pendidikan ini bersifat efektif apabila dimulai sedini mungkin, yaitu dari masa anak. Karakternya yang menantang dan menyenangkan, permainan ini menuntut wadah, bangunan, yang dinamis dan atraktif. Bagaimana tolok ukur ungkapan bangunan yang atraktif dan dinamis merupakan arah yang dituju tulisan ini. Melalui penelitian terpadu antara dosen pembimbing dan mahasiswa peserta

  18. Gambaran Esofagogastroduodenoskopi Pasien Hematemesis dan atau Melena di RSUP M Djamil Padang Periode Januari 2010 - Desember 2013

    Fadhil Alfino Azmi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakPerdarahan saluran cerna bagian atas adalah kehilangan darah dalam lumen saluran cerna yang bermula dari esofagus sampai duodenum. Manifestasi kinis berupa hematemesis (muntah darah dan atau melena (tinja hitam. Kasus ini masih banyak dilaporkan dari berbagai rumah sakit. Etiologi yang sering dilaporkan adalah varises esofagus, ulkus peptikum, gastritis erosif dan lain-lain. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui frekuensi diagnosis esofagogastroduodenoskopi (EGD pasien hematemesis dan atau melena di RSUP M Djamil Padang. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah deskriptif retrospektif. Data diambil secara total sampling dari rekam medik pasien hematemesis dan atau melena yang dilakukan pemeriksaan EGD di Instalasi Diagnostik Terpadu (IDT RSUP M Djamil Padang periode.Januari.2010.–.Desember.2013. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan 162 pasien kasus terbanyak adalah ulkus gaster (27,8%. Menurut jenis kelamin, pria lebih banyak dibanding wanita yaitu pria (64,8% dan wanita (35,2% rasio 1,8 : 1. Kelompok umur terbanyak adalah 51-60 tahun yaitu (20,0%. Lokasi lesi yang paling banyak ditemukan adalah gaster (48,8%.Kata kunci: esofagogastroduodenoskopi, perdarahan saluran cerna bagian atas, hematemesis, melena AbstractUpper gastrointestinal bleeding is a loss of blood in lumen of the gastrointestinal tract from esophagus to duodenum. Clinical manifestations are hematemesis (vomiting of blood and/or melena (black stools. Many cases were widely reported from various hospitals. The most common etiology that often being reported are esophageal varices, peptic ulcer, erosive gastritis, etc. The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of esophagogastroduodenoscopy(EGD findings in patients with hematemesis and/or melena in M Djamil Hospital Padang. The design of this research was retrospective descriptive. Data was taken from the result of patient's EGD examination(medical records that having hematemesis and/or melena in Integrated

  19. Pengaruh Penambahan Gula dan Karagenan Terhadap Mutu Jelly Mentimun

    Kamsina Kamsina

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Jelly is a semi-solid form of snacks made from fruit juice which is cooked with sugar. Vegetables and fruits Jelly are a drink that is made from natural ingredients such as cucumber jelly maker given additional flour as a thickener, cane sugar as a sweetener, salt and citric acid. Cucumber jelly contains elements of nutritional and functional, efficacious for preventing high blood pressure, digestive cleanse, rejuvenate the skin and others. The purpose of this study to provide an alternative of cucumber processing became cucumber jelly and to increase the added value and shelf life of cucumbers processed products. Research design used a completely randomized design (CRD in factorial used to see the effect of adding sugar 40%, and 30% as well as the addition of carrageenan treatment variations 1% and 0.75%. The results showed that the addition of sugar 30% and 1% carrageenan gave jelly yield of cucumber preferred organoleptic taste, aroma, color and texture was favored on the organoleptic, whereas treatment of sugar concentration 40% and 1% carrageenan gave the highest results for sugar 22.99%, 44.99% moisture content, ash content 0.99%. All treatments showed no contamination of Cu, Sn, As and Pb, for microbial contamination such as Fungus / Yeast and Total Plate Count undetectable (<10 colonies / g as well as Coliform bacteria <2 APM / g as well as shelflife for 3 months at storage temperature conditions 5 - 10 degC.ABSTRAKJelly adalah sejenis makanan ringan berbentuk semi padat yang terbuat dari sari buah-buahan yang dimasak dengan gula. Jelly sayuran adalah minuman  yang dibuat dari bahan-bahan alami seperti mentimun yang diberi tambahan tepung pembuat jelly sebagai pengental, gula tebu  sebagai pemanis, garam dan asam sitrat. Jelly mentimun mengandung unsur nutrisi dan bersifat fungsional, berkhasiat untuk mencegah darah tinggi, membersihkan pencernaan, meremajakan kulit dan lain-lain. Penelitiani ini bertujuan untuk memberikan alternatif

  20. Impact of Using Pendowo Liquid Organic Fertilizer Toward Land Potential at Jenar, Sragen, Central Java

    Retno Woro Kaeksi

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of this research are to know the content of chemical elements found in waste of fluid organic in Jenar Banker in sub district of Jenar, Sragen and to know the influence of fluid organic fertilizer on the potency of area in Jenar. The collected data in this research are 1 topography, 2 geology, 3 geomorphology process, 4 area used, 5 horizon of the soil, 6 soil texture, 7 soil structure, 8 pH of the soil, 9 Nitrogen, 10 Phosphate, 11 Calium, 12 Calcium, 13 Magnesium, 14 the characteristic of physics and chemical elements in waste of Pendowo fluid organic fertilizer, and 15 the data dealing with interviewing to the civilization. For getting the area taken as the sample, this research uses stratified random sampling. While the analysis used in this study is descriptive method. The result of this research shows that 1 the main stone as the material for forming the land consists of sandstone, tuff of sand, limestone and clay (eaten for medicinal puposes; the relief is wave until making the hill, the plant consists of jati (teak, sonokeling, and the seasonal plants that exist in tegalan (dry field near the rie field but used for vegetables and other secondary crops, farm, and tebu (sugar cane land. The land that has not influenced by the amine fertilizer, the characteristi of pH soil is base (more than 7,5. The structure of crumbs up to clump soil and texture of clay which have sand are relevant with jati (teak and sonokeling growth. 2 the chemical elements of fluid organi fertilizer in Banker are not relevant with the chemical elements which are proposed by Paluraya Company. The element of nitrogen proposed is 4% while the result of the research shows 3,93%; 3,6%; 2,26%; 0,887%; 0,09%; 0,137%; 0,171%; 0,156%; 0,187%; 0,167%; 0,175%; and 0,108%. The pH of the fertilizer proposed is 5,5 – 6,5 while the finding of the research shows there are pH 4,65; pH 3,6; pH 4,5; and pH 5,41. The element of phosphate proposed is 0,3% while the