Sample records for term follow-up results

  1. Final results of a long-term, clinical follow-up in fatty liver patients

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    Dam-Larsen, Sanne; Becker, Ulrik; Franzmann, Maria-Benedicte


    OBJECTIVE: There is increasing focus on non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The aim of the present study was to conduct a long-term clinical follow-up of patients with biopsy-confirmed fatty liver without inflammation or significant fibrosis (pure fatty liver), to analyse for potential risk...... factors at the time of index liver biopsy important for survival and the development of cirrhosis and to describe the causes of death. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients were linked through their personal identification number to the Danish National Registry of Patients and the Register of Causes of Death....... All admissions, discharge diagnoses and causes of death during follow-up were collected. All surviving patients were invited to a clinical follow-up. RESULTS: The follow-up period was 20.4 and 21.0 years, respectively, for the NAFLD and alcoholic fatty liver disease (AFLD) groups. Two NAFLD patients...

  2. Long-term results of viscocanalostomy and phacoviscocanalostomy: a twelve-year follow-up study

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    Uzeyir Gunenc


    Full Text Available AIM: To evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety results of viscocanalostomy and phacoviscocanalostomy. METHODS: The charts of 49 glaucoma patients who underwent viscocanalostomy or phacoviscocanalostomy surgery between February 1999 and August 2004 were reviewed retrospectively. Thirty-one eyes of 21 glaucoma patients who underwent filtering procedure with a postoperative follow-up of at least 5y were included in the study. Results of complete ophthalmologic examinations were recorded and statistically analyzed. Long-term surgical outcome was defined as an overall success when intraocular pressure (IOP was found as ≤20 mm Hg with or without antiglaucomatous medication at the last follow-up visit, while it was defined as a complete success when IOP was measured ≤20 mm Hg without antiglaucomatous medication. RESULTS: Mean age was 68.1±9.6y (range: 32-81y. Mean follow-up time was 101.5±27.3mo (range: 60-144mo. Viscocanalostomy was performed in 8 eyes (25.8% and phacoviscocanalostomy was performed in 23 eyes (74.2%. The mean preoperative IOP was 23.1±7.6 mm Hg with 2.1±1.0 medications, while mean IOP was 16.8±3.8 mm Hg with 0.9±1.1 medication at the last follow-up visit. Both the IOP decrease and the reduction in the antiglaucomatous medication were statistically significant (P<0.001 and P<0.001. No case required further glaucoma surgery. Overall success and complete success were found as 87.1% and 51.6%, respectively. Complete success rate was statistically higher in phacoviscocanalostomy group compared with the viscocanalostomy group (P=0.031, however there was no significant difference in overall success rate between two groups (P=0.072. CONCLUSION: Both viscocanalostomy and phacoviscocanalostomy provide good IOP reduction in the long-term period.

  3. Long-term results of the Ross procedure in a population-based follow-up. (United States)

    Kallio, Merja; Pihkala, Jaana; Sairanen, Heikki; Mattila, Ilkka


    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term outcomes of the Ross procedure in a nationwide follow-up. This retrospective study involved all children treated with the Ross procedure in Finland between 1994 and 2009. The clinical records were reviewed for demographic and anatomical characteristics, Ross operation data, surgical history and status at the latest follow-up. The median follow-up time was 11.5 (range 2.4-19.2) years. Fifty-one patients underwent either the Ross (n = 37) or the Ross-Konno (n = 14) procedure at a median age of 4.8 (range 0.02-16.3) years, including 13 infants (Ross procedure was aortic valve stenosis, regurgitation or both, which was observed in 29, 24 and 47% of patients, respectively. The early mortality (before hospital discharge) rate was 10% (31% in infants) and the late mortality rate 6% (15% in infants). Higher mortality was discovered in patients treated with the Ross-Konno procedure (P = 0.001). The most common cause for reintervention was pulmonary homograft stenosis. The rate of freedom from right ventricular outflow tract reintervention was 98% at 5 years, 83% at 10 years and 59% at 15 years. The rate of freedom from autograft reintervention was 98% at 5 and 10 years, and 81% at 15 years. At the latest follow-up visit, mild-to-moderate aortic root dilatation was reported in 52% of patients, and 4 patients had undergone autograft-related reinterventions. Trivial autograft valve regurgitation was commonly seen, but only 1 patient developed severe autograft regurgitation requiring mechanical valve replacement 15.9 years after the Ross operation. The most common reason for reintervention after the Ross procedure in children is homograft stenosis. Aortic root dilatation and autograft valve regurgitation are relatively common but rarely lead to reinterventions before adulthood. Intraoperative complications and complex cardiac anatomy are associated with high mortality in infants undergoing the Ross-Konno procedure. In our

  4. Esophageal variceal ligation in the secondary prevention of variceal bleeding: Result of long term follow-up


    Lahbabi, Mounia; Mellouki, Ihssane; Aqodad, Nouredine; Elabkari, Mohammed; Elyousfi, Mounia; Ibrahimi, Sidi Adil; Benajah, Dafr Allah


    Introduction Long-term outcome of patients after band ligation have been poorly defined. Therefore, we conducted a long-term follow-up study to delineate the outcome of ligation in patients with portal hypertension in the Hassan II university hospital, Fes, Morocco. Methods Over 118 months patients treated by endoscopic variceal ligation were received regular follow- up and detailed clinical assessment of at least 24 months. Results One hundred twenty five patients were followed up for a mean...

  5. Radiation therapy for wet type age-related macular degeneration. Long term follow-up results

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    Sasai, Keisuke; Hiraoka, Masahiro; Mandai, Michiyo; Takahashi, Masayo; Honda, Yoshihito [Kyoto Univ. (Japan). Faculty of Medicine


    Between April, 1994 and July, 1995, 33 patients with occult type choroidal neovascularization (CNV) with or without the classical type CNV of the wet type age-related macular degeneration ARMD were treated with radiation therapy (10 Gy/5 fx/1 week or 20 Gy/10 fx/2 weeks). This phase I/II study showed that radiation therapy seems to be useful for CNV during the first 12 months. Some eyes which initially showed good response to irradiation began to lose their visual acuity. However, the dose of 20 Gy in 10 fractions seemed useful to maintain the visual acuity better than 0.1 in this long term follow-up study (24 months). (author)

  6. Granulomatous polyangitis (Wegener granulomatosis): Clinical findings and results of long-term follow-up. (United States)

    Şen, Nazan; Aydın Tufan, Müge; Yıldız, Reyhan; Ersözlü Bozkırlı, Emine Duygu; Yücel, Eftal


    To evaluate long-term outcome of patients with granulomatous polyangitis (GPA) followed up in a tertiary university hospital. We reviewed medical records of 22 patients with GPA diagnosis confirmed by tissue biopsies between 2004 and 2014. The mean time from the onset of symptoms to diagnosis was 7.8 ± 12.3 months [interquartile range (IR)= 4.0]. The most commonly involved organs were the upper respiratory tract (URT) (72.7%), lower respiratory tract (81.8%) and kidneys (72.7%). URT involvement indicated good prognosis (p= 0.046). Survival in the patients with and without URT involvement was 124.6 ± 6.9 months and 59.7 ± 22.9 months, respectively. End-stage renal failure (ESRF) requiring dilaysis and cardiac involvement were associated with mortality (p= 0.022 and p= 0.026, respectively). Of the 12 dialysis-dependent patients at diagnosis, 11 survived > 3 months and seven regained renal function permanently. Dialysis dependency was significantly lower in patients who received plasmapheresis (p= 0.047). Overall mortality rate was 18% (4/22). Mean survival was 55.9 ± 42.8 months (IR= 84.0). Diagnosis of GPA may be delayed by the nonspecific nature of its symptoms. URT involvement was associated with good prognosis, whereas cardiac involvement and ESRF requiring dialysis were associated with poor outcome. Plasmapheresis may increase the rate of renal recovery in the patients with ESRF requiring dialysis.

  7. "Diagnostic value of MRCP in biliary pancreatitis: result of long-term follow-up". (United States)

    Okan, I; Bas, G; Sahin, M; Alimoglu, O; Eryilmaz, R; Ozkan, O V; Hasiloglu, Z I; Akcakaya, A


    Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) has increasingly been used to evaluate the common bile duct. This study was to determine the role of MRCP instead of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in the management of patients with acute biliary pancreatitis. A total of 81 patients with mild or moderate biliary pancreatitis who underwent MRCP and were treated in our department with selective ERCP between May 2001 and July 2007 were entered into a prospective database. MRCP was considered abnormal in 13 patients. Ten patients underwent ERCP. Three patients did not undergo ERCP due to protocol violations. In nine patients, stone extraction was performed. The remaining patient who had dilatation of the CBD underwent ES. The false positive rate of MRCP was 10%. The median follow-up of overall patients was 36 months (range 23-99 months). The patients with normal MRCP had a median follow-up of 39.5 months (range 23-99 months). During the follow-up period in the normal MRCP group, five patients were diagnosed with recurrent biliary pancreatitis, of which three underwent ERCP (7.4%). There was no disease-related mortality during this period. In conclusion, the use of MRCP in acute biliary pancreatitis is safe and may be recommended as a tool to aid in the selective use of ERCP.


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    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Rupture of tendon calcaneum is a common problem.There are proponents of both conservative and operative methods.Inadequate strength and re ruptures are frequent. To address both the problems we have chosen Lindholm technique and doing it for last 20 yrs with very good results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 1994 to August 2013, 112 consecutive patients were treated by this method, 85 cases were fresh ruptures, 23 were neglected ruptures and four cases were re rupture after operation done elsewhere. Torn tendo calcaneum was repaired by Kessler suture, it was then augmented with two 8cm by 1cm turn down flap of gastrosoleus apponeurosis. Skin suture was done with utmost care. BK pop cast was done in equinus position of ankle for four weeks, followed by gradual weight bearing with heel raised shoe for six months. RESULTS: All patients went back to their pre injury activity level. In four patients there were superficial skin infection which healed without skin necrosis. One patient needed rotation flap. Evaluation was done by modified Rupp score. It was found to be excellent in 47% cases good in 43% cases and fair in 8% cases. CONCLUSION: Lindholm technique was originally described for neglected cases, we used it in all cases to avoid any complication in fresh cases and found it universally successful.

  9. Transcatheter closure of the patent foramen ovale in children: intermediate-term follow-up results. (United States)

    Sel, Kutay; Aykan, Hakan H; Duman, Derya; Aypar, Ebru; Özkutlu, Süheyla; Alehan, Dursun; Karagöz, Tevfik


    The patent foramen ovale is almost a normal anatomical hole between the atria with ~30% incidence in the general population. It has been suggested that the patent foramen ovale is the cause of some neurological events, which is explained by paradoxical embolism. Transcatheter closure of the patent foramen ovale is a common procedure in adult patients with cerebral ischaemic events, but there are limited data investigating the results in children. Between January, 2005 and February, 2014, 17 patients' patent foramen ovales were closed by the transcatheter approach in our department. The indications for closure were transient ischaemic attack in 10 patients, stroke in four patients, and migraine in three patients. The mean age and mean weight at the time of the procedure were 11.1±3.7 years and 42.1±15.4 kg, respectively. We asked our patients whether their previous ailments continued. All patients responded to the study survey. In 15 patients, ailments did not continue after patent foramen ovale closure and they significantly decreased in two of them. We suggest that under the right conditions device closure of the patent foramen ovale is a safe solution for these cryptogenic ischaemic events and migraine.

  10. Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) for total knee replacement; medium term results with minimum five year follow-up. (United States)

    Unwin, Olivia; Hassaballa, Mohammed; Murray, James; Harries, William; Porteous, Andrew


    MIS TKA has been shown to offer a reduced in-patient stay, but no clinical difference at two years. Whilst there may be a benefit from earlier discharge, we need to ensure that there are no detrimental effects in the medium and long-term following MIS-TKA. To report the mid-term result from a prospective randomised controlled trial (RCT) comparing MIS-TKA with standard approach for TKA. Using knee score questionnaires, we collected patient reported outcome measures (PROMs) regarding pain and function. Sixty-six patients (from an eligible cohort of 83 patients) completed the mid-term postal follow-up. There was no significant difference between groups for change in score from pre-operative to final follow-up in all three PROMs. Mean MIS and standard group improvement was: AKSS 53 and 51 (p=0.7644), OKS 15 and 16 (p=0.2341) or WOMAC 15 and 15 (p=0.9900) respectively. Both groups showed improvement in pain and function with no significant difference between groups. There was no difference between groups for revision due to malalignment at a mean six year follow-up. In addition to the early benefits regarding hospital stay and complications, we have found that at a mean of six years there was no increase in malalignment, pain or function with MIS techniques. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  11. Comparative Results of Viscotrabeculotomy and Classical Trabeculotomy in Congenital Glaucoma in a Longer-Term Follow-Up

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    Nevbahar Tamçelik


    Full Text Available Purpose: To evaluate the results of previously described viscotrabeculotomy technique and to compare them with those of conventional trabeculotomy in longer-term follow-up. Material and Method: This retrospective study included the eyes of 64 patients who underwent either viscotrabeculotomy (group 1 or conventional trabeculotomy (group 2 between February 1992 and April 2011. Group 1 consisted of 58 eyes of 34 patients who underwent viscotrabeculotomy surgery and group 2 consisted of 51 eyes of 30 patients who underwent conventional trabeculotomy. 3 patients (5 eyes in group 1 and 2 patients (3 eyes in group 2 left the follow-up for some reasons. At the last visit, group 1 comprised 53 eyes of 31 patients and group 2 comprised 48 eyes of 28 patients. Outcome measures were intraocular pressure (IOP, antiglaucomatous medications, horizontal corneal diameter, and success rate. Results: Success rates in group 1 at 12, 36, 60, 72, 96, 120 months, and at the last visit were 93.10%, 91.30% 89.30%, 87.00%, 84.90%, 83.00%, and 83.00%, respectively. The success rates in group 2 at the above-mentioned follow-up visits were 72.50%, 68.60%, 68.60%, 66.10%, 66.00%, 64.50%, and 62.50%, respectively. The success rate in group 1 was statistically significantly higher than in group 2 at the last visit (p=0.027. IOP and anti-glaucomatous medications at each follow-up examination were lower in group 1 compared to group 2, and these differences were with statistical significance (for each, p<0.05. Horizontal corneal diameters did not differ between the two groups in the postoperative follow-up. Discussion: Viscotrabeculotomy has been found safer and more effective than classical trabeculotomy in longer-term evaluation. Viscodissection of the trabecular meshwork, viscodilation of the Schlemm’s canal, keeping away the lips of trabeculotomy incision, and possibly prevention of postoperative hemorrhage and fibroblastic proliferation by means of high-viscosity sodium

  12. Long term azathioprine maintenance therapy in ANCA-associated vasculitis: combined results of long-term follow-up data. (United States)

    de Joode, Anoek A E; Sanders, Jan Stephan F; Puéchal, Xavier; Guillevin, Loic P; Hiemstra, Thomas F; Flossmann, Oliver; Rasmussen, Nils; Westman, Kerstin; Jayne, David R; Stegeman, Coen A


    We studied whether in ANCA-associated vasculitis patients, duration of AZA maintenance influenced relapse rate during long-term follow-up. Three hundred and eighty newly diagnosed ANCA-associated vasculitis patients from six European multicentre studies treated with AZA maintenance were included; 58% were male, median age at diagnosis 59.4 years (interquartile range: 48.3-68.2 years); granulomatosis with polyangiitis, n = 236; microscopic polyangiitis, n = 132; or renal limited vasculitis, n = 12. Patients were grouped according to the duration of AZA maintenance after remission induction: ⩽18 months, ⩽24 months, ⩽36 months, ⩽48 months or > 48 months. Primary outcome was relapse-free survival at 60 months. During follow-up, 84 first relapses occurred during AZA-maintenance therapy (1 relapse per 117 patient months) and 71 after withdrawal of AZA (1 relapse/113 months). During the first 12 months after withdrawal, 20 relapses occurred (1 relapse/119 months) and 29 relapses >12 months after withdrawal (1 relapse/186 months). Relapse-free survival at 60 months was 65.3% for patients receiving AZA maintenance >18 months after diagnosis vs 55% for those who discontinued maintenance ⩽18 months (P = 0.11). Relapse-free survival was associated with induction therapy (i.v. vs oral) and ANCA specificity (PR3-ANCA vs MPO-ANCA/negative). Post hoc analysis of combined trial data suggest that stopping AZA maintenance therapy does not lead to a significant increase in relapse rate and AZA maintenance for more than 18 months after diagnosis does not significantly influence relapse-free survival. ANCA specificity has more effect on relapse-free survival than duration of maintenance therapy and should be used to tailor therapy individually.

  13. US-Guided Vacuum-Assisted Biopsy of Microcalcifications in Breast Lesions and Long-Term Follow-Up Results (United States)

    Kim, Hua Sun; Kim, Eun-Kyung; Kwak, Jin Young; Son, Eun Ju; Oh, Ki Keun


    Objective To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of the use of an ultrasonography (US)-guided vacuum-assisted biopsy for microcalcifications of breast lesions and to evaluate the efficacy of the use of US-guided vacuum-assisted biopsy with long-term follow-up results. Materials and Methods US-guided vacuum-assisted biopsy cases of breast lesions that were performed between 2002 and 2006 for microcalcifications were retrospectively reviewed. A total of 62 breast lesions were identified where further pathological confirmation was obtained or where at least two years of mammography follow-up was obtained. These lesions were divided into the benign and malignant lesions (benign and malignant group) and were divided into underestimated group and not-underestimated lesions (underestimated and not-underestimated group) according to the diagnosis after a vacuum-assisted biopsy. The total number of specimens that contained microcalcifications was analyzed and the total number of microcalcification flecks as depicted on specimen mammography was analyzed to determine if there was any statistical difference between the groups. Results There were no false negative cases after more than two years of follow-up. Twenty-nine lesions were diagnosed as malignant (two invasive carcinomas and 27 carcinoma in situ lesions). Two of the 27 carcinoma in situ lesions were upgraded to invasive cancers after surgery. Among three patients diagnosed with atypical ductal hyperplasia, the diagnosis was upgraded to a ductal carcinoma in situ after surgery in one patient. There was no statistically significant difference in the number of specimens with microcalcifications and the total number of microcalcification flecks between the benign group and malignant group of patients and between the underestimated group and not-underestimated group of patients. Conclusion US-guided vacuum-assisted biopsy can be an effective alternative to stereotactic-guided vacuum-assisted biopsy in cases where

  14. Esophageal variceal ligation in the secondary prevention of variceal bleeding: Result of long term follow-up. (United States)

    Lahbabi, Mounia; Mellouki, Ihssane; Aqodad, Nouredine; Elabkari, Mohammed; Elyousfi, Mounia; Ibrahimi, Sidi Adil; Benajah, Dafr Allah


    Long-term outcome of patients after band ligation have been poorly defined. Therefore, we conducted a long-term follow-up study to delineate the outcome of ligation in patients with portal hypertension in the Hassan II university hospital, Fes, Morocco. Over 118 months patients treated by endoscopic variceal ligation were received regular follow- up and detailed clinical assessment of at least 24 months. One hundred twenty five patients were followed up for a mean of 31 months (range 12-107 months). Obliteration of the varices was achieved in 89.6 % (N = 112) of patients, with 3 +/-1.99 (range 1-8) endoscopy sessions over a period of 14 + /-6.8 weeks (range 3-28). The percentage of variceal recurrence during follow-up after ligation was 20.5 % (N = 23). Recurrence were observed in a mean of 22 months +/- 7.3 (range 3-48). Bleeding rate from recurrent varices was 30.4 % (7/23). Rebleeding from esophageal ulcers occurred in 5.6 % (7/125) of patients. Portal hypertensive gastropathy before and after eradication of varices was 17.6% (N = 22) and 44.6% (N = 50) respectively; p 0.05. The overall mortality was 4 % (N = 5). Band ligation was an effective technical approach for variceal obliteration with low rates of variceal recurrence, rebleeding and development of gastric varices. Furthermore, it was associated with frequent development of portal hypertensive gastropathy.

  15. Reconstruction of neglected achilles tendon ruptures with gastrocnemius flaps: excellent results in long-term follow-up. (United States)

    Seker, Ali; Kara, Adnan; Armagan, Raffi; Oc, Yunus; Varol, Ali; Sezer, Hasan Basri


    Repair of the neglected achilles tendon ruptures can be challenging due to retraction of tendon stumps. Different repair and augmentation techniques were described. This study aims to investigate long-term results of neglected achilles tendon rupture repair with gastrocnemius flaps. Between 1995 and 2005, 21 neglected achilles tendon rupture reconstructions were performed with using gastrocnemius fascial flaps. Mean age was 32.1 years. Mean period between rupture and operation was 8.4 weeks. Ankle range of motion, calf circumference, heel raise test, Visual Analog Scale (VAS), American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) hindfoot and Foot and Ankle Disability Index (FADI) scores were checked. The average gap length was 6.4 cm. Mean follow-up was 145.3 months. Median dorsiflexion/plantar flexion values for operated and uneffected sides were 18°/30° and 19°/30°, respectively. The mean values for AOFAS and FADI scores were 98.5 points and 98.9 %, respectively. VAS score was 0 point for all patients. With the numbers available, no significant difference could be detected in terms of ankle range of motion, calf circumference measures and dynamometric analysis. Mean time for return to daily activities was 11.1 (8-16) weeks after surgery. Prerupture activity level was achieved 14.1 months postoperatively. All patients were able to perform heel raise test. Repair of neglected achilles tendon ruptures with gastrocnemius flaps has satisfactory long-term results.

  16. A Dual Expandable Stent for Treatment of Malignant Colorectal Obstruction: Long-Term Follow-Up Results

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    Son, Won Young; Kang, Hee; Jung, Gyoo Sik [Dept. of Radiology, Kosin University College of Medicine, Gospel Hospital, Busan (Korea, Republic of)


    To analyze the long-term results and to evaluate the efficacy of a dual expandable stent for the treatment of malignant colorectal strictures. Under the fluoroscopic guidance, stents were placed in 60 patients with malignant colorectal strictures. A dual stent consists of two stents, the outer stent was placed into the stricture which was followed by coaxial placement of the inner bare stent. Technical and clinical success rates, complications, patient survival and stent patency during the follow-up period were evaluated in this study. Stent placement was technically successful in 57 of 60 patients (95%). Of them, obstructive symptoms resolved within two days in 12/12 (100%) patients in the preoperative group and in 36/45 (80%) patients in the palliative group. Complications associated with this procedure were perforation (n = 5), migration (n = 3), and tumor overgrowth (n = 2). Each of the six patients in the preoperative group underwent conventional laparotomy and laparoscopic surgery, respectively. The mean interval between stent insertion and surgery was nine days. In the palliative group, the median survival was 159 days (mean; 235) and the median patency of stent was 116 days (mean; 185). 1-month, 3-month, 6-month, 12-month and 24-month stent patency were 75%, 60%, 27%, 13% and 7%, respectively. Insertion of a dual expandable nitinol stent into malignant colorectal obstruction is a safe and effective procedure for the palliative treatment of malignant colorectal obstruction. This procedure is also effective for preoperative decompression.

  17. Long-Term Follow-Up Comparative Study of Hydroxyapatite and Autologous Cranioplasties: Complications, Cosmetic Results, Osseointegration. (United States)

    Moles, Alexis; Heudes, Pierre Marie; Amelot, Aymeric; Cristini, Joseph; Salaud, Céline; Roualdes, Vincent; Riem, Tanguy; Martin, Stéphane André; Raoul, Sylvie; Terreaux, Luc; Bord, Eric; Buffenoir, Kevin


    A three-dimensional reconstruction technique using the CustomBone (CB) prosthesis allows custom-made cranioplasty (CP) possessing osseointegration properties owing to its porous hydroxyapatite (HA) composition. This reconstruction technique has replaced less expensive techniques such as subcutaneously preserved autologous bone (SP). Our primary objective was to evaluate complications between CB and SP CP techniques. A secondary objective was to assess cosmetic results and osseointegration of CPs. This single-center study comprised patients undergoing delayed CB or SP CP after craniectomy between 2007 and 2014. A prospective interview was conducted to collect all data, including 2-year follow-up clinical and radiologic data. Cosmetic results were assessed by a qualitative score, and osseointegration was assessed by measuring relative fusion at the CP margins. Of 100 patients undergoing CB or SP CP between 2007 and 2014, 92 (CB, n = 44; SP, n = 48) participated in the prospective interview. No significant difference in complication rates was observed between the 2 groups. The main complication specific to the CB group was fracture of the prosthesis observed in 20.8% patients. A higher rate of good cosmetic results was observed in the CB group (92.5% vs. 74.3%, P = 0.031). In the CB group, 51% of patients demonstrated no signs of bone fusion of the CP. Although the CB prosthesis is associated with cosmetic advantages, the porous hydroxyapatite composition makes it fragile in the short-term and long-term, and effective osseointegration remains uncertain. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Laparoscopic One-Anastomosis Gastric Bypass: Technique, Results, and Long-Term Follow-Up in 1200 Patients. (United States)

    Carbajo, Miguel A; Luque-de-León, Enrique; Jiménez, José M; Ortiz-de-Solórzano, Javier; Pérez-Miranda, Manuel; Castro-Alija, María J


    Excellent results have been reported with mini-gastric bypass. We adopted and modified the one-anastomosis gastric bypass (OAGB) concept. Herein is our approach, results, and long-term follow-up (FU). Initial 1200 patients submitted to laparoscopic OAGB between 2002 and 2008 were analyzed after a 6-12-year FU. Mean age was 43 years (12-74) and body mass index (BMI) 46 kg/m2 (33-86). There were 697 (58 %) without previous or simultaneous abdominal operations, 273 (23 %) with previous, 203 (17 %) with simultaneous, and 27 (2 %) performed as revisions. Mean operating time (min) was as follows: (a) primary procedure, 86 (45-180); (b) with other operations, 112 (95-230); and (c) revisions, 180 (130-240). Intraoperative complications led to 4 (0.3 %) conversions. Complications prompted operations in 16 (1.3 %) and were solved conservatively in 12 (1 %). Long-term complications occurred in 12 (1 %). There were 2 (0.16 %) deaths. Thirty-day and late readmission rates were 0.8 and 1 %. Cumulative FU was 87 and 70 % at 6 and 12 years. The highest mean percent excess weight loss was 88 % (at 2 years), then 77 and 70 %, 6 and 12 years postoperatively. Mean BMI (kg/m2) decreased from 46 to 26.6 and was 28.5 and 29.9 at those time frames. Remission or improvement of comorbidities was achieved in most patients. The quality of life index was satisfactory in all parameters from 6 months onwards. Laparoscopic OAGB is safe and effective. It reduces difficulty, operating time, and early and late complications of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Long-term weight loss, resolution of comorbidities, and degree of satisfaction are similar to results obtained with more aggressive and complex techniques. It is currently a robust and powerful alternative in bariatric surgery.

  19. Evaluation of a residential nutrition rehabilitation center in rural Bolivia: short-term effectiveness and follow-up results. (United States)

    Forney, Kristen M; Polansky, Lauren S; Rebolledo, Paulina A; Huamani, Katherine Foy; Mues, Katherine E; Ramakrishnan, Usha; Leon, Juan S


    Nutrition rehabilitation centers (NRCs) have shown mixed results in reducing morbidity and mortality among undernourished children in the developing world. Follow-up on children after leaving these programs remains undocumented. To assess the nutritional improvement of children attending the Centro de Rehabilitación Infantil Nutricional (CRIN), a residential NRC in rural Bolivia, from entrance to exit and to a household follow-up visit 1 month to 6 years later, and to identify factors associated with nutritional improvement. A retrospective analysis was conducted of clinical records collected by CRIN staff from 135 children under 3 years of age attending CRIN in rural Cochabamba, Bolivia, from 2003 to 2009, and of clinical records of household follow-up measurements on a subset of 26 children that were taken between 1 month and 6 years postexit. Nutritional status was evaluated by calculating z-scores for weight-for-height (WHZ), weight-for-age (WAZ), and height-for-age (HAZ). Children with z-scores < -2 were considered to be wasted, underweight, or stunted, respectively. The prevalence of wasting decreased significantly, while the prevalence of stunting did not change significantly between entrance and exit from the program. From entrance to exit, the mean changes in WHZ (0.79) and WAZ (1.08) were statistically significant, while the mean change in HAZ (-0.02) was not significant. Linear regression analysis suggested that nutritional status and diarrhea at entrance had the greatest effect on WHZ and HAZ changes between entrance and exit. Children maintained their nutritional gains from the program between exit and follow-up and showed statistically significant improvement in WAZ (but not HAZ). CRIN is effective at rehabilitating nutritional deficits associated with wasting, but not those associated with stunting.

  20. Orchidopexy in children with Prader-Willi syndrome: Results of a long-term follow-up study. (United States)

    Pacilli, Maurizio; Heloury, Yves; O'Brien, Mike; Lionti, Tess; Rowell, Margaret; Hutson, John


    Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a rare (1:20.000) genetic condition affecting both males and females. Among other features, in boys, the syndrome is characterized by cryptorchidism in 86-100% of cases, hypogonadism, delayed puberty and infertility. The aim of the present study is to appraise the results of orchidopexy in this selected population of children. A follow-up study of children with PWS treated for undescended testes at a single institution over a 20-year period was performed. Patients were identified from a National PWS registry and reviewed at a special follow-up clinic. Data were collected from electronic and hard copies records and reported as median (range). Thirty-three children (1-17 years) were identified. Co-morbidities were present in 22 (66%) and 15 (45%) were on growth-hormone therapy. Six patients (19%) had normal testes palpable in the scrotum; twenty-seven (81%) had undescended testes and required orchidopexy. Thirteen (48%) underwent a bilateral procedure for a total of 40 procedures. A 2-stage Fowler-Stephens orchidopexy was required in 2 (7%) testes. At surgery hypotrophic testes were documented in 6 (22%) patients. Age at orchidopexy was 1.4 years (0.5-5.5). Age at FU was 7.2 years (1.7-17). Length of follow-up is 3.5 years (0.4-14). At follow-up 16 (40%) testes were of normal size and palpable in the scrotum; 7 (17.5%) testes required redo-orchidopexy. All patients (6/33) over 16 years of age that had testosterone levels tested had values below normal limits after successful orchidopexy. This study evaluates the results of orchidopexy in a large population of children with PWS. At follow-up, only 40% of testes were of normal size and in the scrotum. This information should be taken into consideration for patients' management and pre-operative parents' counseling. Copyright © 2017 Journal of Pediatric Urology Company. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. Unsafe Drug Use and Arrhythmic Events in Brugada Patients with ICD: Results of a Long-Term Follow-Up. (United States)

    de Almeida Fernandes, Diogo; António, Natália; Madeira, Marta; Sousa, Pedro; Ventura, Miguel; Cristóvão, João; Nascimento, José; Elvas, Luís; Gonçalves, Lino; Pego, Guilherme Mariano


    Brugada syndrome is a hereditary disease linked with an increased risk of sudden death that may require an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) in order to halt the arrhythmic events. The aim of this study was to identify possible triggers for appropriate ICD therapies in patients with Brugada syndrome, focusing on their past and current therapeutic profiles. Thirty patients with high-risk Brugada syndrome, with ICD implanted at the Coimbra Hospital and University Center, were enrolled. Patients were questioned about their Brugada syndrome history, previous cardiac events, comorbidities, present and past medications, and physical activity. Patients were followed up during 5.8 ± 5.3 years. The ICD was interrogated, and arrhythmic events and device therapies were recorded. The cohort who received appropriate ICD therapies was compared with the remaining patients to determine the potential link between clinical variables and potentially fatal arrhythmic events. More than half of the patients (53.3%) took at least one non-recommended drug, and 16.7% received appropriate ICD therapies, with a long-term rate of 4.0%/year. There was a tendency for more appropriate ICD therapies in patients who took unsafe drugs (85.7 versus 45.5%, p = 0.062), and the mean time between unsafe drug intake and appropriate ICD therapies was 3.8 ± 7.5 days. This study revealed that the medical community is still unaware of the pharmacological restrictions imposed by Brugada syndrome. Patients who took non-recommended drugs seem to have a higher risk of ventricular arrhythmic events.

  2. Long term treatment of severe obesity: four year follow up of results of combined behavioural modification programme. (United States)

    Björvell, H; Rössner, S


    A four year programme of treatment for severe obesity combining standard techniques such as behavioural modification, exercise, nutritional advice, and, in addition, readmission of patients who relapse has been developed. One hundred and seven subjects of both sexes were treated. Thirty nine had their jaws fixed from the start. After four years 104 out of 107 subjects were traced; 33 (31%) had left the programme. The mean loss of weight in the remaining 74 subjects was 11.7 kg (range -20 to 55.5): 14 had lost more than 20 kg, 35 had lost 5-20 kg, 17 had lost 0-5 kg, and eight were above their weight before treatment. The rate of dropping out in this study was lower than that generally reported. Our data suggest that combined behavioural modification used as a programme for reducing weight may result in a substantial loss of weight for several years even for severely obese subjects. PMID:3926201

  3. Prognostic Significance of Immunoreactive Neutrophil Elastase in Human Breast Cancer: Long-Term Follow-Up Results in 313 Patients

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    Miwa Akizuki


    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: We have measured the concentration of immunoreactive neutrophil elastase (ir-NE in the tumor extracts of 313 primary human breast cancers. Sufficient time has elapsed, and we are now ready to analyze its prognostic value in human breast cancer. METHODS: ir-NE concentration in tumor extracts was determined with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay that enables a rapid measurement of both free-form ir-NE and the α1-protease inhibitor-complexed form of ir-NE. We analyzed the prognostic value of this enzyme in human breast cancer in univariate and multivariate analyses. RESULTS: Patients with breast cancer tissue containing a high concentration of ir-NE had poor survival compared to those with a low concentration of ir-NE at the cutoff point of 9.0 µg/100 mg protein (P = .0012, which had been previously determined in another group of 49 patients. Multivariate stepwise analysis selected lymph node status (P= .0004; relative risk = 1.46 and ir-NE concentration (P= .0013; relative risk = 1.43 as independent prognostic factors for recurrence. CONCLUSIONS: Tumor ir-NE concentration is an independent prognostic factor in patients with breast cancer who undergo curative surgery. This enzyme may play an active role in tumor progression that leads to metastasis in human breast cancer.

  4. Clinical, demographic characteristics and results of the long term follow-up in adolescents and adults with congenital heart disease

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    I.G. Lebid


    Full Text Available The aim – to analyze clinical and demographic indicators in adolescents and adults with congenital heart disease (CHD to provide strategy of cardiac care for these patients, to assess risk of cardiological and cardiac surgery interventions in patients with congenital heart malformations. Materials and methods. 2569 consecutive patients, aged 16–88 years, mean age 24.14 ± 0.20 years, were selected in electronic database from April 01, 2011 to December 31, 2015. The majority (92.57 % of the included patients (n = 2378 were younger than 40 years. Results. Among all CHD patients, a significant majority had septal defects (39 % and left heart lesions (24 %, followed by congenital lesions of thoracic arteries and veins (16 % and right heart lesions (10 %. The annual number of the examined patients with CHD progressively increased (from 210 in 2011 to 656 in 2015. The number of patients aged 18 years or older mostly increased. The number of patients older than 40 years increased from nine patients in 2011 to 75 adults in 2015. Patients after cardiac surgery and percutaneous transcatheter interventions dominated (n=1553, 60.45 %, compared to the patients without any interventions for CHD (n = 1016, 39.55 %. Only one intervention for CHD was performed in the majority of these patients (n = 1255, 80.81 %, 12.94 % needed two interventions, 3.99 % – three, 2.26 % – three or more interventions. Conclusions. Among patients with congenital heart disease, patients younger than 40 years old were prevalent (92.57 %, with no significant gender differences. Septal defects (ASD, VSD, left heart lesions (congenital aortic valve stenosis and insufficiency, congenital lesions of thoracic arteries and veins (patent ductus arteriosus and aorta coarctation were registered most often in adolescents and adults.

  5. Non-obstructive coronary artery disease upon multi-detector computed tomography in patients presenting with acute chest pain--results of an intermediate term follow-up. (United States)

    Segev, Amit; Beigel, Roy; Goitein, Orly; Brosh, Sella; Oiero, Dan; Konen, Eli; Hod, Hanoch; Matetzky, Shlomi


    Multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) has emerged as an efficient tool for detection of obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) and assessment of patients with acute chest pain. MDCT may detect premature, non-obstructive atherosclerotic lesions which otherwise would have not been detected upon functional cardiac imaging tests. Currently, there is scarce data regarding the clinical significance of these lesions. The purpose of this study was to prospectively analyse the intermediate term outcome of patients admitted to chest pain unit (CPU) with findings of non-obstructive CAD upon MDCT. Method and results The study comprised 444 patients admitted to the CPU at Sheba Medical Center and underwent evaluation by MDCT for complaints of acute chest pain. Studies were classified as: normal; non-obstructive CAD (defined as any narrowing Patients were followed up for a minimum of 1 year and outcomes were compared between the non-obstructive (n = 115) and the normal (n = 266) MDCT groups in regard to MACE [coronary revascularization, acute coronary syndrome (ACS), and death]. Comparing the groups, those with non-obstructive CAD were older, more likely to be males, and dyslipidaemic. During an intermediate term follow-up (2.5 ± 0.4 years) MACE was equally low between the two groups (1% for both groups; P = 0.9). Among patients evaluated by MDCT for acute chest pain, during an intermediate term follow-up, those with non-obstructive CAD had a benign clinical outcome compared with those with normal coronary arteries.

  6. Advanced therapies in patients with congenital heart disease-related pulmonary arterial hypertension: results from a long-term, single center, real-world follow-up. (United States)

    Favilli, Silvia; Spaziani, Gaia; Ballo, Piercarlo; Fibbi, Veronica; Santoro, Gennaro; Chiappa, Enrico; Arcangeli, Chiara


    Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a common finding in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD), and has relevant prognostic implications. The recent introduction of advanced therapies (AT) considerably improved the clinical outcome of these patients, but real-world data are still lacking. We aimed at reporting the results of a long-term follow-up of CHD patients with PAH undergoing AT, followed at a tertiary Center during the two last decades. The study population included a total of 34 patients with an established diagnosis of CHD-related PAH. In addition to conventional treatment, 97% of patients started AT during the follow-up. Over a median follow-up of 9 [3-31] years, 11 (32.4%) patients died: 7 of them were affected by Eisenmenger syndrome and the majority of patients were in NYHA class ≥3 at the time of death. Among the 23 patients who were alive at the last follow-up, the majority were in NYHA class I-II. Oxygen saturation and 6-min walking distance improved in all subjects within the first 6 months after starting of AT. One patient with ventricular septum defect and high pulmonary resistances was successfully treated with AT to lower resistances and underwent defect closure. A good clinical outcome was also observed in the subset (n = 8) with Down syndrome. The results of this real-world experience suggest that, despite a relatively high mortality rate mostly related to late commencement of AT, the clinical outcome of subjects with CHD-related PAH undergoing AT are characterized by a good quality of life and clinical improvement in most patients.

  7. Effects of candesartan in acute stroke on vascular events during long-term follow-up: results from the Scandinavian Candesartan Acute Stroke Trial (SCAST). (United States)

    Hornslien, Astrid G; Sandset, Else C; Igland, Jannicke; Terént, Andreas; Boysen, Gudrun; Bath, Philip M W; Murray, Gordon D; Berge, Eivind


    Randomized-controlled trials have shown no beneficial short-term effects of blood pressure lowering treatment in the acute phase of stroke. We aimed to see whether blood pressure lowering treatment with candesartan in the acute phase can lead to benefits that become apparent over a longer period of follow-up. The Scandinavian Candesartan Acute Stoke Trial was a randomized- and placebo-controlled trial of candesartan in 2,029 patients with acute stroke and systolic blood pressure ≥140 mmHg. Trial treatment was given for seven-days, and the primary follow-up period was six-months. We have used the national patient registries and the cause of death registries in the Scandinavian countries to collect data on vascular events and deaths up to three-years from randomization. The primary end-point was the composite of stroke, myocardial infarction, or vascular death, and we used Cox proportional hazards regression model for analysis. Long-term data were available for 1,256 of the 1,286 patients (98%) from Scandinavia. The risk of the primary composite end-point did not differ significantly between the groups (candesartan 178/632 events, placebo 203/624 events, hazard ratio = 0·87, 95% confidence interval 0·71-1·07). There were also no statistically significant differences for the secondary end-points stroke and all-cause death, or in any of the pre-specified subgroups. Treatment with candesartan in the acute phase of stroke was not associated with clear long-term clinical benefits. This result supports the conclusion from trials with short-term follow-up, that blood pressure lowering treatment with candesartan should not be given routinely to patients with acute stroke and raised blood pressure. © 2015 World Stroke Organization.

  8. Esophageal atresia: long-term interdisciplinary follow-up

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    Lidia B. Giúdici


    Full Text Available Background: We provide protocolized interdisciplinary follow-up to babies born with Esophageal Atresia (EA. There are few reports in Argentina about follow-up of EA patients.Objective: To describe outcomes in follow-up of EA patients at 1, 3 and 6 years old and to compare outcomes at age 1 with those at age 6.Methods: Prospective, longitudinal, analytic study of the cohort of babies born with EA, admitted to the follow-up program from 11/01/03 to 10/31/14. Follow-up includes: growth (weight > 10th centile, WHO, neurology-psychomotor development, audiology, vision, genetic, mental health, surgical reintervention, phonostomatology, language, pulmonology, re-hospitalization for clinical causes, lost to follow-up. Outcomes were described at age 1, 3 and 6. We included all EA patients who had reached age 1 at the start of this study.Results: 27 babies were admitted; 30% had long-gap EA; 18% presented VACTERL association; 23 children met inclusion criteria. Genetics  was assessed in 18 newborns (78%; a chromosomal map was performed in 11 babies; 3 had an abnormal karyotype. Mental health: 5/14 of the assessed children showed problems. Phonostomatology: 11 newborns checked (6 required treatment, 4 recovered at age 1. Pulmonologist evaluated 18 babies (7 with recurrent wheezing, 6 with moderate tracheomalacia. Gastroenterology and endoscopy: 80% presented gastroesophageal reflux (GER grade 3-4, and 50% showed a pathologic pHmetry. Lost to follow-up: age 1, 2 (8%; age 3, 3 (17%; age 6, 3 (23%. Normal outcomes observed are the following. Age 1 – growth: 81%; neurologic-psychomotor developmental index (NPDI: 76%; audiology: 95%; vision: 85%; language: 62%; re-hospitalization for clinical causes: 38%; surgical reinterventions: 47%. Age 3 – growth: 78%; NPDI: 50%; audiology: 93%; vision: 93%; language: 43%; re-hospitalization: 35%; surgical reinterventions: 14%. Age 6 – growth: 50%; NPDI: 30%; audiology: 90%; vision: 40%; language: 50%; re

  9. Long-term follow-up for bimanual microincision cataract surgery: comparison of results obtained by surgeons in training and experienced surgeons. (United States)

    Cavallini, Gian Maria; Verdina, Tommaso; Forlini, Matteo; Volante, Veronica; De Maria, Michele; Torlai, Giulio; Benatti, Caterina; Delvecchio, Giancarlo


    To determine the efficacy of bimanual microincision cataract surgery (B-MICS) performed by surgeons in training, evaluating clinical results, posterior capsule opacification (PCO) incidence, and clear corneal incision (CCI) architecture in a long-term follow-up and comparing results with those obtained by experienced surgeons. Eighty eyes of 62 patients operated on by three surgeons in training who used B-MICS technique for the first time were included in the study (Group A). Eighty eyes of 59 patients who underwent B-MICS by three experienced surgeons were included as a control group (Group B). Best corrected visual acuity, astigmatism, corneal pachymetry, and endothelial cell count were evaluated before surgery and at 1 month and 18 months after surgery. Anterior segment optical coherence tomography images were obtained to study the morphology of CCIs. PCO incidence was evaluated using EPCO2000 software. Out of 160 surgeries included in the study, mean best-corrected visual acuity improvement at 18 months was 0.343±0.246 logMAR for Group A, and 0.388±0.175 logMAR for Group B, respectively. We found no statistically significant induced astigmatism nor corneal pachymetry changes in either group, while we noticed a statistically significant endothelial cell loss postoperatively in both groups (Parchitecture in the 320 CCIs considered, we found posterior wound retractions and endothelial gaps, respectively, 9.8% and 11.6% for Group A and 7.8% and 10.8% for Group B. B-MICS performed by surgeons in training is an effective surgical technique even when assessed after a long-term follow-up. PCO incidence resulted in being higher for less experienced surgeons. Corneal incisions were shorter and less angled in surgeons in training in comparison with results obtained by expert surgeons.

  10. Assessing the Long-Term Effects of EMDR: Results from an 18-Month Follow-Up Study with Adult Female Survivors of CSA (United States)

    Edmond, Tonya; Rubin, Allen


    This 18-month follow-up study builds on the findings of a randomized experimental evaluation that found qualified support for the short-term effectiveness of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) in reducing trauma symptoms among adult female survivors of childhood sexual abuse (CSA). The current study provides preliminary evidence…

  11. Long-term results of the thrust plate prosthesis in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: a minimum 10-year follow-up. (United States)

    Niggemeyer, Oliver; Steinhagen, Joern; Ruether, Wolfgang


    The thrust plate prosthesis (TPP) is a hip prosthesis with metaphyseal fixation to the femur. Because the bone quality is reduced in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, this kind of fixation may have a higher failure rate than conventional stemmed endoprostheses in these patients. The aim of this investigation was to analyze the long-term results obtained with the TPP in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. The survival of 51 implants in 46 patients with rheumatoid arthritis was analyzed. Clinical (Harris hip score) and radiological examinations were carried out on 47 of the 51 TPPs, with a post implantation follow-up period of at least 10 years. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate the survival rates of the TPPs, with surgical revision due to the femoral implant as the endpoint of the investigation. The Harris hip score increased from 42.4 ± 6.5 points preoperatively to 86.6 ± 10.1 points at follow-up. The failure rate was 23% (6 aseptic and 5 septic loosening). The total rate of revision amounted to 36.2% (17/47 TPPs): six aseptic loosening of TPPs, five septic loosening of TPPs, four aseptic loosening of the acetabular component, one removal of the fishplate of a TPP, and one femoral fracture. Additionally one TPP showed radiolucent lines indicating prosthetic loosening. Revision surgeries to stemmed endoprostheses of the hip were without severe problems in any patients. The failure rate of the TPP was distinctly higher than that for conventional stemmed endoprostheses regarding aseptic and septic revisions. In cases with loosening of the TPP the preservation of the diaphyseal bone of the femur is poor and the TPP mostly needs a revision to a cemented stem. Thus, the estimated advantage of the TPP versus cementless stemmed prostheses for patients with rheumatoid arthritis is not evident. In conclusion, there is no evidence form this study to support the use of the TPP in this group of patients.

  12. Results of Operative Treatment of Brachial Plexus Injury Resulting from Shoulder Dislocation: A Study with A Long-Term Follow-Up. (United States)

    Gutkowska, Olga; Martynkiewicz, Jacek; Mizia, Sylwia; Bąk, Michał; Gosk, Jerzy


    Injury to the infraclavicular brachial plexus is an uncommon but serious complication of shoulder dislocation. This work aims to determine the effectiveness of operative treatment in patients with this type of injury. Thirty-three patients (26 men and 7 women; mean age, 45 years and 3 months) treated operatively for brachial plexus injury resulting from shoulder dislocation between the years 2000 and 2013 were included in this retrospective case series. Motor function of affected limbs was assessed pre- and postoperatively with the use of the British Medical Research Council (BMRC) scale. Sensory function in the areas innervated by ulnar and median nerves was evaluated with the BMRC scale modified by Omer and Dellon and in the remaining areas with the Highet classification. Follow-up lasted 2-10 years (mean, 5.1 years). Good postoperative recovery of nerve function was observed in 100% of musculocutaneous, 93.3% of radial, 66.7% of median, 64% of axillary, and 50% of ulnar nerve injuries. No recovery was observed in 5.6% of median, 6.7% of radial, 10% of ulnar, and 20% of axillary nerve injuries. Injury to a single nerve was associated with worse treatment outcome than multiple nerve injury. Obtaining improvement in peripheral nerve function after injury resulting from shoulder dislocation may require operative intervention. The type of surgical procedure depends on intraoperative findings: sural nerve grafting in cases of neural elements' disruption, internal neurolysis when intraneural fibrosis is observed, and external neurolysis in the remaining cases. The outcomes of surgical treatment are good, and the risk of intra- and postoperative complications is low. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Electrophysiologically guided amiodarone therapy versus the implantable cardioverter-defibrillator for sustained ventricular tachyarrhythmias after myocardial infarction: results of long-term follow-up. (United States)

    Schläpfer, Jürg; Rapp, Fabrice; Kappenberger, Lukas; Fromer, Martin


    We sought to compare the long-term survival rates of patients with sustained ventricular tachyarrhythmia after myocardial infarction (MI) who were treated according to the results of electrophysiological (EP) study either with amiodarone or an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD). Patients with sustained ventricular tachyarrhythmias after MI are at high risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD). However, data comparing the long-term survival rates of patients treated with amiodarone or ICD, according to the results of EP testing, are lacking. Patients underwent a first EP study at baseline and a second one after a loading dose of amiodarone of 14 +/- 2.9 g. According to the results of the second EP study, patients were classified either as responders or non-responders to amiodarone; non-responders were eventually treated with an ICD. Eighty-four consecutive patients with MI (78 men; 21-77 years old; mean left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction 36 +/- 11%) were consecutively included. Forty-three patients (51%) were responders, and 41 patients (49%) were non-responders to amiodarone therapy. During a mean follow-up period of 63 +/- 30 months, SCD and total mortality rates were significantly higher in the amiodarone-treated patients (p = 0.03 and 0.02, respectively). The long-term survival of patients with sustained ventricular tachyarrhythmias after MI, with depressed LV function, is significantly better with an ICD than with amiodarone therapy, even when stratified according to the results of the EP study. These patients should benefit from early ICD placement, and any previous amiodarone treatment seems to have no additional value.

  14. Long-term study of Artisan phakic intraocular lens implantation for the correction of moderate to high myopia: ten-year follow-up results. (United States)

    Tahzib, Nayyirih G; Nuijts, Rudy M; Wu, Wendy Y; Budo, Camille J


    To determine the long-term performance of the Artisan phakic intraocular lens (PIOL) for the correction of myopia. Long-term (10 years) retrospective follow-up study. Eighty-nine eyes of 49 patients who underwent Artisan PIOL implantation for the correction of myopia. Comparisons were made between preoperative clinical data and the clinical data at 1, 6, and 10 years after surgery. Refractive stability, refractive predictability, safety, efficacy, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), intraocular pressure, intraoperative problems, corneal endothelial cell density, corneal endothelial cell loss, and glare levels were evaluated. The mean spherical equivalent (SE) after 10 years was -0.70+/-1.00 diopters (D; range, -4.00 to 2.00 D), with no significant change in mean SE between 1, 6, and 10 years. At 10 years, 68.8% of all eyes were within 1.0 D of the intended correction. At 10 years, 31.2% (n = 24) gained 1 or more Snellen lines of BCVA and 2.6% (n = 2) lost more than 2 Snellen lines of BCVA; 93.3% reached a BCVA of 20/40 or better, and 82.0% reached a UCVA of 20/40 or better. The mean intraocular pressure remained stable and was 15.5+/-3.5 mmHg (range, 7-25 mmHg) at 10 years. The mean endothelial cell loss was -8.86+/-16.01% (range, -51.69% to 34.43%) at 10 years. Long-term results demonstrate that the implantation of an Artisan PIOL for the correction of moderate to high myopia is a stable, predictable, and safe method when strict inclusion criteria for surgery are applied. There was no significant loss of corneal endothelial cells and no reports of long-term glare.

  15. Impact of Sequencing Radiation Therapy and Chemotherapy on Long-Term Local Toxicity for Early Breast Cancer: Results of a Randomized Study at 15-Year Follow-Up

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    Pinnarò, Paola; Giordano, Carolina; Farneti, Alessia [Department of Radiation Oncology, Regina Elena National Cancer Institute, Rome (Italy); Strigari, Lidia; Landoni, Valeria [Department of Physics, Regina Elena National Cancer Institute, Rome (Italy); Marucci, Laura; Petrongari, Maria Grazia [Department of Radiation Oncology, Regina Elena National Cancer Institute, Rome (Italy); Sanguineti, Giuseppe, E-mail: [Department of Radiation Oncology, Regina Elena National Cancer Institute, Rome (Italy)


    Purpose: To compare long-term late local toxicity after either concomitant or sequential chemoradiation therapy after breast-conserving surgery. Methods and Materials: From 1997 to 2002, women aged 18 to 75 years who underwent breast-conserving surgery and axillary dissection for early breast cancer and in whom CMF (cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, and 5-fluorouracil) chemotherapy was planned were randomized between concomitant and sequential radiation therapy. Radiation therapy was delivered to the whole breast through tangential fields to 50 Gy in 20 fractions over a period of 4 weeks, followed by an electron boost. Surviving patients were tentatively contacted and examined between March and September 2014. Patients in whom progressive disease had developed or who had undergone further breast surgery were excluded. Local toxicity (fibrosis, telangiectasia, and breast atrophy or retraction) was scored blindly to the treatment received. A logistic regression was run to investigate the effect of treatment sequence after correction for several patient-, treatment-, and tumor-related covariates on selected endpoints. The median time to cross-sectional analysis was 15.7 years (range, 12.0-17.8 years). Results: Of 206 patients randomized, 154 (74.8%) were potentially eligible. Of these, 43 (27.9%) refused participation and 4 (2.6%) had been lost to follow-up, and for 5 (3.2%), we could not restore planning data; thus, the final number of analyzed patients was 102. No grade 4 toxicity had been observed, whereas the number of grade 3 toxicity events was low (<8%) for each item, allowing pooling of grade 2 and 3 events for further analysis. Treatment sequence (concomitant vs sequential) was an independent predictor of grade 2 or 3 fibrosis according to both the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (odds ratio [OR], 4.05; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.34-12.2; P=.013) and the SOMA (Subjective, Objective, Management and Analytic

  16. Comparison of Long terms Follow up Results in Patients with Cervical Disk DiseaseTreated With Anterior PEEK CageImplantation and Without it in Rasoul Akram Hospital

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    Mir Abolfazl Motiei


    Full Text Available Abstract Background: Anterior interbody fusion of the cervical spine have become the gold standard for treating spinal diseases, hence the aim of this study was to compare long term follow up results in patients with cervical disk disease treated with anterior PEEK cage implantation and without it in anterior approach. Methods: Retrospectively 63 patients with known cervical discogenic disorders who went under surgery with and without cage implantation were enrolled. The neurological examination and neurologic function were assessed by using the Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA scoring system and neurological cervical spine scale (NCSS before and 8 years after surgery in each patient and at the end all complications were recorded. Results: In the first group, there were 15 males and 14 females (mean age: 49±10 years and in the second group there were 27 male and 7 female (mean age: 47±9 years. The NCSS score was significantly different between two groups after surgery (p=0.035 but there was no significant difference before surgery (p=0.163. No statistical significance difference was also observed in JOA score and complications before and after procedure, but JOA post surgery score between two groups had significant difference (p=0.047 . Conclusion: In conclusion, present study showed that PEEK cage implantation is a highly useful alternative to the conventional treatment methods.

  17. Complete deltoid resection in early childhood without muscle transfer results in normal shoulder function at long-term follow-up: a case report. (United States)

    Arteau, Annie; Seeli, Franziska; Fuchs, Bruno


    Musculoskeletal tumors involving the deltoid muscle and necessitating its complete resection are rare. The function after complete deltoid resection is reported to be limited, and several authors consider muscle transfer to improve shoulder motion. However, it still remains unclear whether such transfer adds function. To the best of our knowledge, all reports on complete deltoid resection refer to adult patients, and it is unknown what function results after deltoid resection in childhood. The remaining muscles may have the potential to compensate for the loss of deltoid function. Here we report the case of a 5-year-old white boy with complete (isolated) deltoid muscle resection in infancy for a large aggressive soft tissue tumor. No reconstructive procedure or muscle transfer was performed at the time of index surgery. Pathology revealed an angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma. His postoperative course was uneventful. At 11 years of follow-up, he remained disease-free and had excellent shoulder function, including normal range of motion. This report implies that major muscles such as the deltoid can be resected in a child without compromising long-term function. Therefore, a muscle transfer at index surgery is probably not necessary.

  18. Long-term follow-up for bimanual microincision cataract surgery: comparison of results obtained by surgeons in training and experienced surgeons

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    Cavallini GM


    Full Text Available Gian Maria Cavallini, Tommaso Verdina, Matteo Forlini, Veronica Volante, Michele De Maria, Giulio Torlai, Caterina Benatti, Giancarlo Delvecchio Institute of Ophthalmology, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy Purpose: To determine the efficacy of bimanual microincision cataract surgery (B-MICS performed by surgeons in training, evaluating clinical results, posterior capsule opacification (PCO incidence, and clear corneal incision (CCI architecture in a long-term follow-up and comparing results with those obtained by experienced surgeons. Patients and methods: Eighty eyes of 62 patients operated on by three surgeons in training who used B-MICS technique for the first time were included in the study (Group A. Eighty eyes of 59 patients who underwent B-MICS by three experienced surgeons were included as a control group (Group B. Best corrected visual acuity, astigmatism, corneal pachymetry, and endothelial cell count were evaluated before surgery and at 1 month and 18 months after surgery. Anterior segment optical coherence tomography images were obtained to study the morphology of CCIs. PCO incidence was evaluated using EPCO2000 software. Results: Out of 160 surgeries included in the study, mean best-corrected visual acuity improvement at 18 months was 0.343±0.246 logMAR for Group A, and 0.388±0.175 logMAR for Group B, respectively. We found no statistically significant induced astigmatism nor corneal pachymetry changes in either group, while we noticed a statistically significant endothelial cell loss postoperatively in both groups (P<0.05. In Group A, mean PCO score was 0.163±0.196, while for Group B, it was 0.057±0.132 (P=0.0025. Mean length and inclination of the CCIs for Group A and Group B were, respectively, 1,358±175 µm and 1,437±256 µm and 141.8°±6.4° and 148.7°±5.1°. As regards corneal architecture in the 320 CCIs considered, we found posterior wound retractions and endothelial gaps, respectively

  19. Long-term follow-up of obstetric studies

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    Teune, M.J.


    This thesis focuses on long-term child follow-up after obstetric studies. Obstetric randomized controlled clinical trials (RCTs) are performed to evaluate the effectiveness of perinatal interventions. However, most often only short-term outcomes are reported, while long-term outcomes are just as

  20. Comparative study of open and arthroscopic coracoid transfer for shoulder anterior instability (Latarjet)-clinical results at short term follow-up. (United States)

    Kordasiewicz, Bartłomiej; Małachowski, Konrad; Kicinski, Maciej; Chaberek, Sławomir; Pomianowski, Stanisław


    The aim of this study was to compare early clinical results after open and arthroscopic Latarjet stabilisation in anterior shoulder instability. Our hypothesis was the results of arthroscopic stabilisation were comparable with the results of open procedure. The clinical results of the patients after primary Latarjet procedure were analysed. Patients operated on between 2006 and 2011 using an open technique composed the OPEN group and patients operated on arthroscopically between 2011 and 2013 composed the ARTHRO group; 48 out of 55 shoulders (87%) in OPEN and 62 out of 64 shoulders (97%) in ARTHRO were available to follow-up. The average age at surgery was 28 years in OPEN and 26 years in ARTHRO. The mean follow-up was 54.2 months in OPEN and 23.4 months in ARTHRO. Intra-operative data were analysed regarding time of surgery, concomitant lesions and complications. Patient results were assessed with Walch-Duplay, Rowe, VAS scores and subjective self-evaluation of satisfaction and shoulder function. Computed tomography scan evaluation was used to assess the graft healing. Average time of surgery was significantly shorter in ARTHRO than OPEN: respectively 110 and 120 minutes. The number of intra-operative complications was six (12.5%) in OPEN and five (8.1%) in ARTHRO. The results were comparable in both groups, with no significant difference between OPEN and ARTHRO group: satisfaction rate - 96.8% and 91.9%, shoulder function - 92.2% and 90%, Walch-Duplay score - 83.9 and 76.7 respecively. A significant difference was reported in Rowe score: 87.8 in OPEN and 78.9 in ARTHRO. Another significant difference was found in the presence of "subjective apprehension"-a term referring to the subjective perception of instability with no signs of instability at clinical examination - 28.7% in OPEN and 50% in ARTHRO. Range of motion in both groups were comparable, however patients in OPEN had significantly lower loss of external rotation in adduction to the side comparing to the

  1. Endovascular therapy of abdominal aortic aneurysm: results of a mid-term follow-up; Endovaskulaere Therapie von abdominellen Aortenaneurysmen: Klinisch-radiologishe Ergebnisse im mittelfristigen Verlauf

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pitton, M.B.; Schweitzer, H.; Herber, S.; Thelen, M. [Universitaetsklinik Mainz (Germany). Klinik fuer Radiologie; Schmiedt, W.; Neufang, A. [Universitaetsklinik Mainz (Germany). Klinik fuer Herz-, Thorax-, und Gefaesschirurgie; Dueber, C. [Universitaetsklinikum Mannheim (Germany). Inst. fuer Diagnostische Radiologie


    Prospective study to evaluate clinical results and complications of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm treatment in a mid-term follow-up. Materials and methods: A total of 122 patients (9 females, 113 males, average age 70.0{+-}7,9 years) with abdominal aortic aneurysms were treated with stent grafts (53 Vanguard or Stentor endografts, 69 Talent endografts). Group I consisted of 40 patients who had all aortic tributaries of the aneurysm sac occluded prior to endovalscular grafting, either spontaneously by parietal thrombosis or by selective coil embolization of the respective ostia preserving collateral circulation distal to the vessel occlusion. Group II consisted of 82 patients and included all cases without or with incomplete coil embolization with at least one patent vessel. Stent grafting was performed in general anesthesia in the first 21 patients, followed by peridural anesthesia in 15 cases, and local anesthesia with conscious sedation in 86 cases. The results were evaluated with Spiral-CT, MRI and radiographs of the endovascular graft, with follow-up examinations obtained at 3, 6, 12 months, and every year - Implantation was successfully completed in all cases without primary conversion surgery, laparotomy or any significant complication. Mean follow-up was 29{+-}21 months (maximum 82 months). The 30-day mortality was 0,8% due to a myocardial infarction 3 days after discharge from the hospital. A total of 47 re-interventions were performed in 29 patients (23.8%), with 35 re-interventions in 18 cases with Vanguard or Stentor endografts and 12 re-interventions in 11 patients with Talent endografts. 23 percutaneous re-interventions included distal graft extension (n=11), Wallstent for kinking and limb stenosis (n=3), and secondary coil embolization of collateral vessels (n=9). 24 surgical re-interventions included proximal graft extension (n=6), new endovascular grafts (n=3), surgical clipping of lumbar and mesenteric artery branches for type-II endoleaks

  2. Implant survival and success rates in patients with risk factors: results from a long-term retrospective study with a 10 to 18 years follow-up. (United States)

    De Angelis, F; Papi, P; Mencio, F; Rosella, D; Di Carlo, S; Pompa, G


    Risk factors for implant therapy are represented by all general and local conditions that through various mechanisms can increase either short-term and long-term failure risk. The aim of this study is to assess the implant survival and implant success rates with single and multiple risk factors. To address the research purpose, a retrospective cohort study was designed and implemented, including a sample of 225 patients with a total of 871 implants placed. The following risk factors were considered: smoking, bruxism, bone augmentation procedures and the presence of load risk (implants with crown/implant relation > 0.8; angulation > 25°; presence of cantilever). Follow-up ranged from 10 years to 18 years (average follow-up 13.6 years). Failures were subdivided into short-term failures, before the prosthetic phase, and long-term failures, after definitive prosthesis. The success criteria published by Albrektsson and Zarb were adopted. A Cox proportional hazard regression model was used to calculate hazard ratio, with a statistically significant p-value implants placed, 138 did not meet the success criteria, (success rate 84.16%), sixty (43.47%) were classified as "early failure" and seventy-eight as "late failure" (56.53%). A total of 70 dental implants were removed, with a survival rate of 91.96%. The presence of a single risk factor does not imply a marked increase of failure risk. Among the analyzed factors, the one that proved to be the most dangerous was bruxism, even when presented as the only risk factor. Bruxism with load risk proved to be the most dangerous association (success rate 69.23%) and could be included among the absolute contraindications for implant treatment.

  3. Long-Term Follow Up of Superficial Bladder Tumors | Shelbaia ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Conclusion: The treatment of superficial TCC may be done by relatively minor endoscopic procedures, but the disease itself is a serious condition that merits close long-term follow-up. Key words: bladder tumors, transitional cell carcinoma (TCC), ND: YAG lasers, transurethral resection (TURT) Suivi à long terme des ...

  4. Long-term follow-up of stentless prosthesis. (United States)

    Sansone, Fabrizio; Dato, Guglielmo Mario Actis; Zingarelli, Edoardo; Ferrero, Emanuele; Prot, Sara; Ceresa, Fabrizio; Patanè, Francesco; Casabona, Riccardo


    Stentless prostheses have an interesting hemodynamic performance when compared to stented prostheses and are recommended in cases of small aortic annulus. From January 1996 to January 2004, 138 patients suffering from aortic disease, underwent aortic valve replacement. • Group A: 93 patients underwent stentless aortic valve implantation [stentless Biocor (Biocor Industria e Pesguisa Ltda, Belo Horizonte, Brazil) and stentless Sorin (Sorin Group, Saluggia, Italy)]. • Group B: 45 patients underwent stented aortic valve implantation (stented Biocor). Patients were assessed by clinical evaluation and echocardiography after a mean follow up of 124.5 ± 58.2 months. There was a significant difference in terms of time of extracorporeal circulation and aortic cross clamp. The actuarial survival at 4, 8, 12, and 15 years is 77%, 50%, 21%, and 18%, respectively. Freedom from reoperation at 4, 8, 12, and 14 years was 92%, 83%, 73%, and 63%, respectively. Freedom from all events, death, and reoperation at 4, 8, 12, and 14 years was 70%, 39%, 13%, and 8%, respectively. There is no statistical difference among the two groups in terms of actuarial survival, freedom from reoperation, and freedom from re-hospitalization for prosthesis-related causes. There was a significantly higher incidence of pacemaker implantation in Group A and the causes are not known. The rate of freedom from reoperation is high in both groups for the patients who remained alive. There was no statistical difference about prosthesis dysfunction between the two groups. The higher incidence of death in Group A cannot be explained by causes related to the prosthesis because there is no difference in terms of causes of death. Rates of reoperation did not differ between the two groups. The results obtained with stentless prostheses are encouraging even in long-term follow-up. Copyright © 2013 Japanese College of Cardiology. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Early and long-term clinical and radiological follow-up results of expanded-polytetrafluoroethylene-covered stent-grafts for transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt procedures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maleux, Geert; Heye, Sam; Thijs, Maria; Wilms, Guy [University Hospitals Gasthuisberg, Department of Radiology, Leuven (Belgium); Nevens, Frederik; Verslype, Chris [University Hospitals Gasthuisberg, Department of Hepatology, Leuven (Belgium); Wilmer, Alexander [University Hospitals Gasthuisberg, Department of Medical Intensive Care Unit, Leuven (Belgium)


    The purpose of this study was to assess the therapeutic efficacy and immediate and long-term safety of expanded-tetrafluoroethylene covered stent-grafts for transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts in patients with portal hypertension-related complications. A cohort of 56 patients suffering from severe portal hypertension-related complications underwent implantation of an expanded-polytetrafluoroethylene-covered stent-graft. All patients suffered from severe liver cirrhosis graded Child-Pugh A (n=8; 16%), B (n=13; 21%) or C (n=35; 63%). In 44 patients, the stent-graft was placed during the initial TIPS procedure (de novo TIPS); in the other 12 patients, the stent-graft was placed to repermeabilize the previously placed bare stent (TIPS revision). Follow-up was performed with clinical assessment, duplex ultrasound and, if abnormal or inconclusive, with invasive venography and pressure measurements. Per- en immediate post-procedural complications occurred in four patients (4/56, 7%). None of them was lethal. During follow-up, stent occlusion appeared in one patient and stenosis in two; no recurrence of bleeding was noted in all patients treated for variceal bleeding (n=28), and 24 of the 28 patients (86%) suffering from refractory ascites and/or hepatic hydrothorax were free of regular paracenteses and/or drainage of pleural effusion after shunt creation. The 30-day and global mortality for the total study population (n=56) was, respectively, 7% (n=4) and 28.5% (n=16). In the patient subgroup with variceal bleeding (n=28), 30-day mortality was 3.5% (n=1) and global mortality 14.2% (n=4). In the ascites and/or hydrothorax subgroup (n=28), 8.1% (n=3) mortality at 30 days was found and global mortality was 32.4% (n=12). In 10 patients of the 56 studied patients (18%), isolated hepatic encephalopathy occurred, which was lethal in 4 (Child C) patients (7%). Three of these four patients died within the 1st month after TIPS placement. A very high primary patency rate

  6. Long-term outcomes of bronchial thermoplasty in subjects with severe asthma: a comparison of 3-year follow-up results from two prospective multicentre studies (United States)

    Laviolette, Michel; Cohn, Lauren; McEvoy, Charlene; Bansal, Sandeep; Shifren, Adrian; Khatri, Sumita; Grubb, G. Mark; McMullen, Edmund; Strauven, Racho; Kline, Joel N.


    Bronchial thermoplasty is an endoscopic therapy for severe asthma. The previously reported, randomised sham-controlled AIR2 (Asthma Intervention Research 2) trial showed a significant reduction in severe asthma exacerbations, emergency department visits and hospitalisations after bronchial thermoplasty. More “real-world” clinical outcome data is needed. This article compares outcomes in bronchial thermoplasty subjects with 3 years of follow-up from the ongoing, post-market PAS2 (Post-FDA Approval Clinical Trial Evaluating Bronchial Thermoplasty in Severe Persistent Asthma) study with those from the AIR2 trial. 279 subjects were treated with bronchial thermoplasty in the PAS2 study. We compared the first 190 PAS2 subjects with the 190 bronchial thermoplasty-treated subjects in the AIR2 trial at 3 years of follow-up. The PAS2 subjects were older (mean age 45.9 versus 40.7 years) and more obese (mean body mass index 32.5 versus 29.3 kg·m−2) and took higher doses of inhaled corticosteroids (mean dose 2301 versus 1961 μg·day−1). More PAS2 subjects had experienced severe exacerbations (74% versus 52%) and hospitalisations (15.3% versus 4.2%) in the 12 months prior to bronchial thermoplasty. At year 3 after bronchial thermoplasty, the percentage of PAS2 subjects with severe exacerbations, emergency department visits and hospitalisations significantly decreased by 45%, 55% and 40%, respectively, echoing the AIR2 results. The PAS2 study demonstrates similar improvements in asthma control after bronchial thermoplasty compared with the AIR2 trial despite enrolling subjects who may have had poorer asthma control. PMID:28860266

  7. Long-term effects of an intergenerational program on functional capacity in older adults: Results from a seven-year follow-up of the REPRINTS study. (United States)

    Sakurai, Ryota; Yasunaga, Masashi; Murayama, Yoh; Ohba, Hiromi; Nonaka, Kumiko; Suzuki, Hiroyuki; Sakuma, Naoko; Nishi, Mariko; Uchida, Hayato; Shinkai, Shoji; Rebok, George W; Fujiwara, Yoshinori


    Social engagement activities can help older adults maintain mental and physical functioning levels. This study examined the long-term effects of the intergenerational picture-book reading program "REPRINTS" (Research of Productivity by Intergenerational Sympathy) on older adults. After baseline assessment, participants were allowed to decide which condition they wanted to participate in: the REPRINTS intervention or control group involving only assessments. REPRINTS participants participated in group activities that involved playing a hand game and reading picture books to children at kindergartens, elementary schools, and public childcare centers, once every one-two weeks. A follow-up assessment, which focused on functional capacity (i.e., instrumental activities of daily living, intellectual activity, and social function), was conducted after seven years. The analysis included responses from 62 REPRINTS (mean age [SD]=66.2 [5.7]) and 100 control-group participants (mean age [SD]=68.0 [4.7]). A logistic regression analysis examining intervention effects revealed that control-group participants were more likely to reduce intellectual activity and interactions with children compared to REPRINTS participants (p=.013 and .003, respectively). Furthermore, the REPRINTS group maintained greater functional reach compared to the control group (p<.001). However, the REPRINTS group was likely to stay indoors more often, compared to the control group (p=.045). The present study indicates that the REPRINTS intergenerational program has long-term, positive effects that help maintain and promote intellectual activity, physical functioning, and intergenerational exchange, although the effect of the increasing amount of physical activity is unclear. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

  8. Randomized-controlled trial of mindfulness-based cancer recovery versus supportive expressive group therapy among distressed breast cancer survivors (MINDSET): long-term follow-up results. (United States)

    Carlson, Linda E; Tamagawa, Rie; Stephen, Joanne; Drysdale, Elaine; Zhong, Lihong; Speca, Michael


    Mindfulness-based cancer recovery (MBCR) and supportive expressive group therapy (SET) are two well-validated psychosocial interventions, but they have not been directly compared, and little is known about long-term outcomes. This comparative effectiveness study measured the effects of these two interventions immediately following the groups and for 1 year thereafter in distressed breast cancer survivors. Two hundred fifty-two distressed Stage I-III breast cancer survivors were randomized into either MBCR or SET. Women completed questionnaires addressing mood, stress symptoms, quality of life, social support, spirituality and post-traumatic growth before and after the interventions, and 6 and 12 months later. Immediately following the intervention, women in MBCR reported greater reduction in mood disturbance (primarily fatigue, anxiety and confusion) and stress symptoms including tension, sympathetic arousal and cognitive symptoms than those in SET. They also reported increased emotional and functional quality of life, emotional, affective and positive social support, spirituality (feelings of peace and meaning in life) and post-traumatic growth (appreciation for life and ability to see new possibilities) relative to those in SET, who also improved to a lesser degree on many outcomes. Effect sizes of the time × group interactions were small to medium, and most benefits were maintained over 12 months of follow-up. This study is the first and largest to demonstrate sustained benefits of MBCR in distressed breast cancer survivors relative to an active control. MBCR was superior to SET for improving psychological well-being with lasting benefits over 1 year, suggesting these women gained long-lasting and efficacious tools to cope with cancer. Registered on number NCT00390169, October 2006. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  9. Cherubism--a case report with long term follow up. (United States)

    Chavali, Lakshmi V; Bhimalingam, R M Rao; Sudhakar, P V


    Cherubism is a rare non-neoplastic disease of the bone characterized by bilateral painless enlargement of the jaws giving a cherubic appearance to the patient. It is an autosomal dominant disorder but may occur sporadically. In this paper, we have tried to explain about the clinical, radiological and histopathologic features of cherubism by presenting a case study. A case study of a 7 year old male patient, who first presented with mandibular bilateral swellings to our department in 1998, has been presented. In-depth clinical, radiological and histopathologic examination was done. An extensive long-term follow-up till 11 years was maintained. When presented for the first time, radiological investigation showed characteristic multilocular lytic lesions of the mandible bilaterally. Histopathological examination of the biopsy specimen showed proliferating fibrous connective tissue interspersed by multinucleated giant cells. It was diagnosed as a case nonfamilial cherubism. Follow-up after 5 years showed involvement of the maxilla as well, which was then corrected by surgical methods. Upon follow up 11 years after the first presentation, it was seen that the lesion was regressing by itself and there was improvement in facial contour. The natural course of Cherubism through its progression, stabilization and involution of the disease after puberty, has been highlighted in this case. More, in-depth studies to understand the nature and the pathogenesis of this condition better are required.

  10. Vertebral sarcoidosis: long-term follow-up with MRI

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lefere, M. [University Hospitals Gasthuisberg, Department of Radiology, Leuven (Belgium); Larbi, A.; Malghem, J.; Vande Berg, B.; Dallaudiere, B. [University Hospitals St Luc, Department of Radiology, Brussels (Belgium)


    Vertebral involvement in sarcoidosis is rare and its clinical and imaging features are non-specific. Indeed, because the lesions are hard to differentiate from metastatic disease based on imaging alone, a histological confirmation is advised. Fatty replacement is a well-known finding indicating stabilization and healing in both benign and malignant conditions. It can be used as an indicator of a favorable disease course and response to treatment. We report the case of a 43-year-old woman with multifocal vertebral sarcoidosis lesions and long-term follow-up showing progressive and gradual fatty involution on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) during 4 years of steroid treatment with a final favorable outcome. (orig.)

  11. [Patient education: the way for long-term follow up]. (United States)

    Ruiz, J


    Therapeutic education is now perfectly integrated in caring and medicine. Its field of application is primarily in chronic diseases for the acquisition of competences in the management of treatments, in co-operation with health professionals. In ambulatory medicine, patients and health professionals are currently running up against the difficulties of the long-term follow-up with its part of uncertainty, lassitude and economic pressure. EBM and the various models of health psychology light us only partially the way. A new type of reflexive step is emerging. This way of thinking should place in its center the concept of therapeutic relation: between science and being. We summarize here our reflexive process in the course of an interdisciplinary team gathering social sciences, art and medicine.

  12. Long-term follow-up of DDD pacing mode. (United States)

    Ulman, Mateusz; Dębski, Maciej; Ząbek, Andrzej; Haberka, Kazimierz; Lelakowski, Jacek; Małecka, Barbara


    The aim of this study was to determine the long-term survival of DDD pacing and identify the main reasons for its loss. The study group consisted of 496 patients in whom a DDD pacing system was implanted between October 1984 and March 2002 and who were followed up until July 2010. The follow-up period was 152.1 ± 35.5 months. The patients' mean age at the time of implantation was 59.5 ± 12.5 years, and 53.5% were male; 58% had sick sinus syndrome (SSS), 26% had atrioventricular block (AVB), 15% had both of these indications simultaneously, and 1% had other indications. The incidence of lead malfunction, progression to chronic atrial fibrillation (AF), and the rate of infective complications was analysed. During the follow-up, 369 patients remained in DDD mode stimulation. DDD mode survival rate at one, five, ten and 15 years was, respectively, 96%, 86%, 77% and 72%. The most common reason for reprogramming out of DDD mode was the development of permanent AF in 65 (13.1%) patients. The occurrence of chronic AF was associated with a prior history of paroxysmal AF (p = 0.0001), SSS (p = 0.0215), and older age at time of implantation (p = 0.0068) compared to patients who remained in sinus rhythm. Lead malfunction caused loss of DDD mode pacing in 56 (11.3%) patients. Atrial leads were damaged in 37 patients, ventricular in 12 patients, and both leads in seven patients. The subclavian vein puncture was correlated with the mechanical damage of the atrial lead (p = 0.02935) compared to cephalic vein access. At the moment of complication, the patients with a dysfunctional lead were significantly younger than those who progressed to chronic AF(p = 0.0019). Infective complications which caused temporary loss of DDD pacing were observed in six patients: five had pocket infection and one had lead-dependent infective endocarditis. 1. Effective DDD pacing from the originally implanted system was noted in a high percentage (72%) of patients in long-term observation (15 years

  13. Long-term follow-up of chronic anal fissure (CAF on diltiazem 2% using a telephone questionnaire: do results change?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrique Canelles

    Full Text Available Introduction: Calcium channel blockers have an excellent effectiveness in the conservative management of chronic anal fissure (CAF. Objectives: To assess the long-term results of management with diltiazem 2% ointment using a telephone questionnaire. Methods: A descriptive, retrospective study from March 2004 to March 2011 in patients with CAF on diltiazem 2%, 3 applications daily for 4-6 weeks. Starting at 12 months a questionnaire was administered over the phone by medical staff outside the surgery department to record socio-demographic data, predominant manifestations, and response to diltiazem on a 5-point scale measuring symptom relief (1 = poorest, 5 = best. Patients with therapy failure were referred to surgery. Results: The study was completed for 166 patients with a mean age of 54.1 years. CAF was posterior in 82.3% of subjects. Diltiazem tolerability was excellent with only 4 adverse event cases (3 skin irritation, 1 hypotension. We obtained symptom relief in 62.1% of patients and CAF healing in 51.2%, and referred 33.7% to surgery. The questionnaire showed that 74.1% of patients had used only 2 applications daily, and that results were better with an increased number of applications, albeit without statistical significance. Conclusions: The telephone questionnaire showed symptom relief for 62% and healing for 51.2% of patients with CAF on diltiazem 2%, which should be considered first-choice for the conservative management of this condition.

  14. CT-guided percutaneous radiofrequency ablation in osteoid osteoma. Re-assessments of results with optimized technique and possible pain patterns in mid-term follow-up

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Omlor, G.; Merle, C.; Lehner, B.; Ewerbeck, V. [Universitaetsklinik Heidelberg (Germany). Orthopaedische Universitaetsklinik; Rehnitz, C.; Weber, M.A. [Universitaetsklinik Heidelberg (Germany). Klinik fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie; Ludwig, K. [Klinikum Herford (Germany). Klinik fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie


    To re-assess radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of osteoid osteoma (OO) with an optimized technique and to evaluate patterns of post-interventional pain important for the detection of recurrence. 44 consecutive patients with OO treated with precise inclusion criteria by RFA were examined retrospectively. RFA was performed with an optimized technique. Technical success (TS), primary and secondary clinical success (PCS/SCS) and minor and major complications (MIC/MAC) were evaluated. Pain patterns defined as 'osteoid osteoma-specific pain' (OOSP) and 'unspecific pain' (UP), 'limitations in daily activity' (LDA) and 'patient satisfaction' (PS) were evaluated using a numeric rating scale (0 - 10; 0 = no pain, 0 = no limitation, 10 = fully satisfied). The pain intensity before and after RFA was compared. The mean follow-up time was 35 months (n = 40, range 2 - 60 months). TS was 100 % (n = 44), PCS 98 % (n = 44), and SCS 100 % (n = 40). MIC and MAC were 0 % (n = 44). OOSP was 0 after RFA in all 44 patients. UP was 0 in 24 of 40 patients (60 %), 1 in 11 patients (28 %) for up to 7 days and 1 - 4 in 5 patients (13 %) for 30 - 180 days. LDA was 0 in 39 of 40 patients (98 %), and 1 in 1 patient. PS was 10 in all patients. The pain after RFA was significantly less than before RFA (p < 0.0001). Using an optimized technique primary clinical success rates in the high nineties have to be expected. Unspecific pain of low intensity is not unusual after RFA and has to be distinguished from pain caused by recurrent disease. (orig.)

  15. Long-Term Biomechanical and Histologic Results of WST-D/NIR Corneal Stiffening in Rabbits, Up to 8 Months Follow-up. (United States)

    Brekelmans, Jurriaan; Goz, Alexandra; Dickman, Mor M; Brandis, Alexander; Sui, Xiaomeng; Wagner, H Daniel; Nuijts, Rudy M M A; Scherz, Avigdor; Marcovich, Arie L


    To determine the long-term safety and efficacy of WST-D/near-infrared (NIR) corneal stiffening. One eye of 23 New Zealand White rabbits was de-epithelialized mechanically followed by topical application of 2.5 mg/mL WST11, combined with dextran-500 (WST-D) for 20 minutes. Subsequently, samples were irradiated with a NIR (755 nm) laser at 10 mW/cm2 for 30 minutes. Untreated fellow eyes served as controls. One week (n = 4), 1 month (n = 6), 4 months (n = 9), or 8 months (n = 4) after treatment rabbits were euthanized. Corneal strips were cut in superior-inferior direction for extensiometry testing (1, 4, and 8 months), and histologic sections were prepared for evaluation of keratocyte distribution (1 week and 8 months). Elastic modulus after treatment was significantly higher than in paired controls (16.0 ± 2.3 MPa versus 9.6 ± 3.6 MPa [P = 0.008], 18.1 ± 4.5 MPa versus 12.6 ± 2.3 MPa [P = 0.003], and 18.6 ± 3.6 MPa versus 14.2 ± 3.6 MPa [P = 0.010], at 1, 4, and 8 months, respectively). A significant decrease in keratocyte count at the anterior stroma was observed directly after treatment (1.5 ± 1.7 vs. 19.0 ± 4.1 [P = 0.002]). At 8 months keratocyte repopulation appeared completed, with similar distribution in treated and untreated corneas (15.9 ± 1.1 vs. 14.5 ± 2.5 [P = 0.562]). Corneal thickness was comparable between treated and untreated corneas at all time points. WST-D/NIR treatment resulted in significant and persistent long-term increase in corneal stiffness. Initial keratocyte apoptosis in the anterior stroma is followed by repopulation to normal level at 8 months after treatment. The safe nature of NIR light allows treatment of corneas of any thickness without endangering corneal endothelium or deeper ocular structures, potentially benefiting patients deemed unsuitable for riboflavin/UV-A cross-linking.

  16. An elective radiation dose of 46 Gy is feasible in nasopharyngeal carcinoma treated by intensity-modulated radiotherapy: A long-term follow-up result. (United States)

    Hung, Tsung-Min; Fan, Kang-Hsing; Chen, Eric Yen-Chao; Lin, Chien-Yu; Kang, Chung-Jan; Huang, Shiang-Fu; Liao, Chun-Ta; Ng, Shu-Hang; Wang, Hung-Ming; Chang, Joseph Tung-Chieh


    The purpose of this study is to compare the treatment outcome of different radiation doses of elective neck irradiation (ENI) in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT).In total, 504 patients with nondisseminated NPC who underwent magnetic resonance imaging before radical IMRT between 2000 and 2008 were retrospectively reviewed. The patients were classified into 2 groups based on the ENI dose: low ENI when the ENI dose was 46 Gy (n = 446) and high ENI when the ENI doses were 50 to 60 Gy (n = 58). All the patients in both the groups received a median dose of 72 Gy to the gross tumor and involved nodes. The fraction size was 2 Gy per fraction. Matching was performed between low ENI and high ENI in a 2:1 ratio, and the matching criteria were N-stage, T-stage, treatment modality, pathology classification, sex, and age.The median follow-up for all patients was 63.5 months. In all patients, the 5-year progression-free survival (PFS), local control (LC), regional control (RC), distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), overall survival (OS), and cancer-specific survival (CSS) for low ENI and high ENI patients were 69.0% and 63.2% (P = 0.331), 89.0% and 83.9% (P = 0.235), 90.1% and 85.2% (P = 0.246), 86.8% and 76.6% (P = 0.056), 77.5% and 80.8% (P = 0.926), and 84.4% and 82.5% (P = 0.237), respectively. In the matched-pair analysis, the 5-year PFS, LC, RC, DMFS, OS, and CSS for matched low ENI and high ENI patients were 74.1% and 63.2% (P = 0.134), 92.0% and 83.9% (P = 0.152), 90.1% and 85.2% (P = 0.356), 86.2% and 76.6% (P = 0.125), 87.0% and 80.8% (P = 0.102), and 88.6% and 82.5% (P = 0.080), respectively. In the multivariable analysis for all patients, the ENI group was not a significant factor for PFS, LC, RC, DMFS, OS, and CSS.A low ENI dose of 46 Gy in 23 fractions is feasible in NPC patients treated with IMRT, and this concept should be validated in the

  17. Clinical performance of hybrid capture 2 human papillomavirus testing for recurrent high-grade cervical/vaginal intraepithelial neoplasm in patients with an ASC-US Papanicolaou test result during long-term posttherapy follow-up monitoring. (United States)

    De Vivar, Andrea Diaz; Dawlett, Marilyn; Wang, Jian-Ping; Jack, Annie; Gong, Yun; Staerkel, Gregg; Guo, Ming


    Women who have been treated for high-grade cervical or vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN or VAIN) or invasive carcinoma are at risk for recurrent/persistent disease and require long-term monitoring. The role of human papillomavirus (HPV) testing in this setting is unclear. To evaluate the clinical performance of the Hybrid Capture 2 (HC2) HPV test for recurrent/residual high-grade CIN or VAIN in patients with a posttherapy abnormal squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASC-US) Papanicolaou test result. We reviewed the follow-up data on 100 patients who had an ASC-US Papanicolaou test and HC2 HPV results after treatment for high-grade CIN/VAIN or carcinoma. Human papillomavirus genotyping was performed for women with a negative HC2 result whose follow-up biopsy revealed CIN/VAIN 2+. The patients' mean age was 47 years. The HC2 test result was positive in 33% of the patients. Follow-up biopsy was available for 17 of these patients (52%) and for 25 of the 67 patients (37%) with a negative HC2 result. A total of 5 of the patients (29%) with a positive HC2 result and 2 of the patients (8%) with a negative HC2 result had CIN/VAIN 3 on follow-up biopsy, a statistically insignificant difference (P = .10). Human papillomavirus 16/18 genotypes were detected in the CIN/VAIN 2+ lesions of 5 patients with a negative HC2 result. HC2 yielded a false-negative rate of 8% for CIN 3. HC2 testing therefore may not be sufficient for triage of patients with an ASC-US Papanicolaou test result. Patients with ASC-US during long-term posttherapy follow-up need close monitoring, with colposcopic evaluation if clinically indicated.

  18. Prognostic analysis of Chinese patients with metastasis renal cell cancer receiving sorafenib: results from a multicenter long-term follow-up retrospective study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guo F


    Full Text Available Fang Guo,1,* Tao Han,1,* Zhaozhe Liu,1,* Xishuang Song,2 Qifu Zhang,3 Xiangbo Kong,4 Changfu Li,5 Zhenhua Li,6 Chengge Li,7 Shuxian Qu,1 Zhendong Zheng,1 Ying Piao,1 Yaling Han,8 Xiaodong Xie1 1Department of Oncology, Cancer Center of People’s Liberation Army, General Hospital of Shenyang Military Region, Shenyang City, 2Department of Urology, First Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian City, Liaoning Province, 3Department of Urology, Jilin Oncology Hospital, 4Department of Urology, China-Japan Union Hospital of Jilin University, Jilin City, Jilin Province, 5Department of Urology, Heilongjiang Oncology Hospital, Heilongjiang City, Heilongjiang Province, 6Department of Urology, First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, 7Department of Health Statistics, Shenyang Medical College, 8Department of Cardiology, Institute of Cardiovascular Research of People’s Liberation Army, General Hospital of Shenyang Military Region, Shenyang City, Liaoning Province, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: The effects of sorafenib for Chinese patients with metastatic renal cell cancer (mRCC were evaluated to figure out the relationship between clinical variables and prognosis. The data were analyzed retrospectively from six comprehensive cancer centers in Northeast China. All cases were diagnosed as mRCC histopathologically without exception. Patients were taken 400 mg sorafenib orally twice daily until progression of disease or intolerable toxic reaction occurred. Overall survival (OS, progression-free survival (PFS, and the influence of clinical variables on survival were appointed as main outcome measures. Clinical data were analyzed using SPSS statistical software. P<0.05 was considered as statistically significant. A total of 131 patients were available for survival analysis. The median follow-up periods were 16.9 months, and the median OS and PFS were 16.1 months and 10.5 months

  19. Vitrectomy with silicone oil or long-acting gas in eyes with severe proliferative vitreoretinopathy: results of additional and long-term follow-up. Silicone Study report 11. (United States)

    Abrams, G W; Azen, S P; McCuen, B W; Flynn, H W; Lai, M Y; Ryan, S J


    The Silicone Study evaluated the outcomes of vitreoretinal surgery for retinal detachment with proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR). To evaluate short-term (up to 36 months) outcomes in eyes randomized to silicone oil or perfluoropropane gas and long-term (up to 72 months) outcomes in eyes with attached maculas at 36 months. Prospective, randomized, multicentered surgical trial. Community- and university-based vitreoretinal practices. Two-hundred sixty-five eyes with PVR randomized to perfluoropropane gas and silicone oil with follow-up through 3 years (cohort 1) and 249 eyes with attached maculas at 36 months (121 eyes randomized to long-acting gas [either sulfur hexafluoride or perfluoropropane] and 128 eyes randomized to silicone oil) with follow-up up to 6 years (cohort 2). Both cohorts consisted of eyes that had and had not undergone vitrectomy for PVR (groups 1 and 2, respectively) before randomization. Of the 265 eyes in cohort 1, 24-month follow-up data were available for 218 eyes (82%) and 36-month follow-up data were available for 196 eyes (74%). Of 208 eyes in cohort 2, 48-month follow-up data were available for 146 eyes (70%), 60-month follow-up data for 119 eyes (57%), and 72-month follow-up data for 73 eyes (35%). Vitrectomy surgery for PVR with a long-acting gas or silicone oil as the intraocular tamponade. Changes in visual acuity, recurrent retinal detachment, and incidence of complications. In group 1 of cohort 1, compared with oil-treated eyes, gas-treated eyes had a higher rate of complete retinal reattachment from 18 to 36 months (P gas-treated eyes had more hypotony (P oil-treated eyes that underwent subsequent surgery were more likely to have the oil retained (P = .02). Compared with oil-retained eyes, oil-removed eyes had higher rates of complete posterior attachment (P = .01) and of a visual acuity of 5/200 or better (P oil-removed eyes, gas-treated eyes had a worse visual acuity outcome (P oil and perfluoropropane gas were equal in most

  20. Long-term health and psychosocial outcomes from surgically induced weight loss: results obtained in patients not attending protocolled follow-up visits

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mathus-Vliegen, E. M. H.


    OBJECTIVE: Obesity management is focused at weight loss to obtain health, psychological and social benefits. Outcomes from controlled trials, however, do not reflect the everyday routine practice. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the results from surgically induced weight loss in patients devoid

  1. Long-term follow-up of a phase 2 study of oral teriflunomide in relapsing multiple sclerosis: safety and efficacy results up to 8.5 years (United States)

    Li, David K; Freedman, Mark S; Truffinet, Philippe; Benzerdjeb, Hadj; Wang, Dazhe; Bar-Or, Amit; Traboulsee, Anthony L; Reiman, Lucy E; O’Connor, Paul W


    Background: Teriflunomide, an oral disease-modifying therapy in development for patients with relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis (RMS), was well tolerated and effective in reducing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) lesions in 179 RMS patients in a phase 2 36-week, placebo-controlled study. Methods: A total of 147 patients who completed the core study entered an open-label extension. Teriflunomide patients continued their assigned dose, and placebo patients were re-allocated to teriflunomide, 7 mg/day or 14 mg/day. An interim analysis was performed at a cut-off on January 8 2010. Results: The mean and median duration of study treatment, including both the core and extension phase, from baseline to the interim cut-off, was 5.6 years (standard deviation: 2.7 years) and 7.1 years (range: 0.05–8.5 years), respectively. Of 147 patients, 62 (42.2%) discontinued (19% due to treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs)). The most common TEAEs were mild infections, fatigue, sensory disturbances and diarrhoea. No serious opportunistic infections occurred, with no discontinuations due to infection. Asymptomatic alanine aminotransferase increases (≤3× upper limit of normal (ULN)) were common (7 mg, 64.2%; 14 mg, 62.1%); increases >3×ULN were similar across groups (7 mg, 12.3%; 14 mg, 12.1%). Mild decreases in neutrophil counts occurred; none led to discontinuation. The incidence of malignancies was comparable to that of the general population, and cases were not reminiscent of those observed in immunocompromised patients. Annualised relapse rates remained low, minimal disability progression was observed, with a dose-dependent benefit with teriflunomide 14 mg for several MRI parameters. Conclusion: Teriflunomide had a favourable safety profile for up to 8.5 years. PMID:22307384

  2. Uterine artery embolization: Long term follow-up and implementation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Kooij, S.M.


    This thesis aims to determine the position of uterine artery embolization (UAE) in the spectrum of treatments for symptomatic uterine fibroids and to stimulate its implementation into daily practice. To do this, firstly the following aspects of UAE were investigated: the long-term clinical results

  3. Long-term follow-up of patients with insomnia. (United States)

    Rosenthal, Leon D; Dolan, Diana C; Taylor, Daniel J; Grieser, Emily


    It has been suggested that patients with insomnia who are lost to follow-up continue to experience symptoms. From winter 2006 to spring 2007, we contacted consecutive patients initially seen at a multidisciplinary sleep medicine clinic 3 to 5 years earlier and asked them about continuing symptoms. Among the 58 patients who agreed to participate, 43 (74%) reported that they still experienced difficulty initiating and/or maintaining sleep. Thirty-one of those patients had continued to receive treatment, 11 from a sleep medicine specialist and the remainder from other physicians. The majority listed zolpidem or eszopiclone as their primary medication, and many took multiple medications, including over-the-counter drugs and alternative medications. Most patients with insomnia were unaware of cognitive-behavioral therapy. These findings emphasize the need for primary care physicians to monitor symptoms of insomnia and to remain vigilant about potential treatment complications.

  4. Long term prognostic utility of coronary CT angiography in patients with no modifiable coronary artery disease risk factors: Results from the 5 year follow-up of the CONFIRM International Multicenter Registry (United States)

    Cheruvu, Chaitu; Precious, Bruce; Naoum, Christopher; Blanke, Philipp; Ahmadi, Amir; Soon, Jeanette; Arepalli, Chesnaldey; Gransar, Heidi; Achenbach, Stephan; Berman, Daniel S.; Budoff, Matthew J.; Callister, Tracy Q.; Al-Mallah, Mouaz H.; Cademartiri, Filippo; Chinnaiyan, Kavitha; Rubinshtein, Ronen; Marquez, Hugo; DeLago, Augustin; Villines, Todd C.; Hadamitzky, Martin; Hausleiter, Joerg; Shaw, Leslee J.; Kaufmann, Philipp A.; Cury, Ricardo C.; Feuchtner, Gudrun; Kim, Yong-Jin; Maffei, Erica; Raff, Gilbert; Pontone, Gianluca; Andreini, Daniele; Chang, Hyuk-Jae; Min, James K.; Leipsic, Jonathon


    Background Coronary computed tomography angiography (coronary CTA) can prognosticate outcomes in patients without modifiable risk factors over medium term follow-up. This ability was driven by major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE). Objective Determine if coronary CTA could discriminate risk of mortality with longer term follow-up. In addition we sought to determine the long-term relationship to MACE. Methods From 12 centers, 1884 patients undergoing coronary CTA without prior coronary artery disease (CAD) or any modifiable CAD risk factors were identified. The presence of CAD was classified as none (0% stenosis), mild (1% to 49% stenosis) and obstructive (≥50% stenosis severity). The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality and the secondary endpoint was MACE. MACE was defined as the combination of death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, unstable angina, and late target vessel revascularization (>90 days). Results Mean age was 55.6 ± 14.5 years. At mean 5.6 ± 1.3 years follow-up, 145(7.7%) deaths occurred. All-cause mortality demonstrated a dose-response relationship to the severity and number of coronary vessels exhibiting CAD. Increased mortality was observed for >1 segment non-obstructive CAD (hazard ratio [HR]:1.73; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.07–2.79; p = 0.025), obstructive 1&2 vessel CAD (HR: 1.70; 95% CI: 1.08–2.71; p = 0.023) and 3-vessel or left main CAD (HR: 2.87; 95% CI: 1.57–5.23; p = 0.001). Both obstructive CAD (HR: 6.63; 95% CI: 3.91–11.26; p 5 years) was predicted by the presence of more than 1 segment of non-obstructive plaque, obstructive 1- or 2-vessel CAD and 3 vessel/left main CAD. Any CAD, whether non-obstructive or obstructive, predicted MACE over the same time period. PMID:26719237

  5. Short-term goal attainment of in-patient rehabilitation in Germany and long-term risk of early retirement in patients with musculoskeletal diseases: results from a prospective 5-year follow-up study. (United States)

    Neuner, Ralf; Braig, Stefanie; Weyermann, Maria; Kaluscha, Rainer; Krischak, Gert


    Occupational consequences of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are consistently found in epidemiological studies. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of various short-term rehabilitation outcome parameters on early retirement in Germany. In a prospective multi-centre cohort study of self-rated patient status, physician chosen therapy goals and attainment were measured by means of standardized questionnaires at the beginning and end of medical rehabilitation. Information with regard to disability was collected by self-report over a 5-year follow-up period. We included 1268 MSD patients aged 45-57 who underwent a 3-week, multidisciplinary, in-patient rehabilitation programme in 10 rehabilitation centres in Southern Germany between January and December 2001. During follow-up (mean duration: 3.9 years) 117 (9%) patients received a disability pension. After adjustment for sex, age and patient outcomes, risk for early retirement was significantly increased for patients with only partial success with respect for the therapy goals pain reduction (HR 1.95), improvement in spine motility (HR 1.6) and improvement of muscle strength (HR 2.3). Patients who did not have the therapy goal were at the same risk as patients with full goal achievement. Clinicians' rating of short-term therapy outcome might be of prognostic relevance of MSD patients' long-term employment status.

  6. Long-term Follow-up Results of a Multi-institutional Phase 2 Study of Concurrent Chemoradiation Therapy for Locally Advanced Cervical Cancer in East and Southeast Asia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kato, Shingo, E-mail: [Department of Radiation Oncology, International Medical Center, Saitama Medical University, Saitama (Japan); National Institute of Radiological Sciences of Japan, Chiba (Japan); Ohno, Tatsuya [Gunma University Heavy Ion Medical Center, Gunma University, Gunma (Japan); Thephamongkhol, Kullathorn; Chansilpa, Yaowalak [Division of Radiation Oncology, Department of Radiology, Siriraj Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok (Thailand); Cao, Jianping [School of Radiation Medicine and Public Health, Soochow University, Soochow (China); Xu, Xiaoting [Department of Radiation Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Soochow (China); Devi, C. R. Beena; Swee, Tang Tieng [Department of Radiotherapy and Oncology, Hospital Umum Sarawak, Kuching (Malaysia); Calaguas, Miriam J.C. [Department of Radiation Oncology, St. Luke' s Medical Center, Quezon City, the Philippines (Philippines); Reyes, Rey H. de los [Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dr Jose R. Reyes Memorial Medical Center, Manila, the Philippines (Philippines); Cho, Chul-Koo [Department of Radiation Oncology, Korea Cancer Center Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Dung, To Anh [Department of Breast and Gynecology Radiotherapy, National Cancer Institute, Hanoi (Viet Nam); Supriana, Nana [Department of Radiation Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia, Dr Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital, Jakarta (Indonesia); Erawati, Dyah [Division of Radiotherapy, Dr Soetomo General Hospital, Surabaya (Indonesia); Mizuno, Hideyuki [National Institute of Radiological Sciences of Japan, Chiba (Japan); Nakano, Takashi [Department of Radiation Oncology, Gunma University Graduate School of Medicine, Gunma (Japan); Tsujii, Hirohiko [National Institute of Radiological Sciences of Japan, Chiba (Japan)


    Purpose: To report the long-term survival and toxicity of a multi-institutional phase 2 study of concurrent chemoradiation therapy (CCRT) for locally advanced cervical cancer in east and southeast Asia. Methods and Materials: Ten institutions from 8 Asian countries participated in the study. Between April 2003 and March 2006, 120 patients (60 with bulky stage IIB and 60 with stage IIIB) were treated with CCRT. Radiation therapy consisted of pelvic external beam radiation therapy and either high-dose-rate or low-dose-rate intracavitary brachytherapy. Five cycles of weekly cisplatin (40 mg/m{sup 2}) were administered during the course of radiation therapy. Treatment results were evaluated by the rates of local control, overall survival, and late toxicities. Results: Median follow-up was 63.7 months, and the follow-up rate at 5 years was 98%. The 5-year local control and overall survival rates for all patients were 76.8% and 55.1%, respectively. The 5-year rates of major late toxicities of the rectum and bladder were 7.9% and 0%, respectively. Conclusions: The long-term results have suggested that CCRT is safe and effective for patients with locally advanced cervical cancer in east and southeast Asia. However, further efforts are needed to improve overall survival.

  7. Long-term follow-up of psilocybin-facilitated smoking cessation. (United States)

    Johnson, Matthew W; Garcia-Romeu, Albert; Griffiths, Roland R


    A recent open-label pilot study (N = 15) found that two to three moderate to high doses (20 and 30 mg/70 kg) of the serotonin 2A receptor agonist, psilocybin, in combination with cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for smoking cessation, resulted in substantially higher 6-month smoking abstinence rates than are typically observed with other medications or CBT alone. To assess long-term effects of a psilocybin-facilitated smoking cessation program at ≥12 months after psilocybin administration. The present report describes biologically verified smoking abstinence outcomes of the previous pilot study at ≥12 months, and related data on subjective effects of psilocybin. All 15 participants completed a 12-month follow-up, and 12 (80%) returned for a long-term (≥16 months) follow-up, with a mean interval of 30 months (range = 16-57 months) between target-quit date (i.e., first psilocybin session) and long-term follow-up. At 12-month follow-up, 10 participants (67%) were confirmed as smoking abstinent. At long-term follow-up, nine participants (60%) were confirmed as smoking abstinent. At 12-month follow-up 13 participants (86.7%) rated their psilocybin experiences among the five most personally meaningful and spiritually significant experiences of their lives. These results suggest that in the context of a structured treatment program, psilocybin holds considerable promise in promoting long-term smoking abstinence. The present study adds to recent and historical evidence suggesting high success rates when using classic psychedelics in the treatment of addiction. Further research investigating psilocybin-facilitated treatment of substance use disorders is warranted.

  8. Long-term results of ORIF of condylar head fractures of the mandible: A prospective 5-year follow-up study of small-fragment positional-screw osteosynthesis (SFPSO). (United States)

    Kolk, Andreas; Neff, Andreas


    Optimum treatment of condylar head fractures (CHF) remains subject to controversy. There are currently a variety of alternative techniques applied, data in literature are often inconsistent and especially systematic long-term data on results after treatment by open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) have so far not been available. This study in hand is the first long-term prospective study of ORIF after CHF based on osteosynthesis with 1.7 mm small-fragment positional screws (SFPSO)via a retroauricular transmeatal approach (RA). The study made use of radiologic, anatomic and objective functional parameters (axiography and MRI) to assess vertical height, disk mobility, protrusive and translatory movement as well as potential physical complaints. Included were surgical long-term sequelae after RA, such as incidence of stenosis of the auditory canal, the facial nerve and resulting disturbance of facial skin sensitivity. Retroauricular scars were evaluated according to the Vancouver Scar Scale. Helkimo and RDC/TMD indices were applied for patient's self-assessment of quality of life aspects after ORIF via RA. The sample in the first follow-up trial (FFT) in the years 2003-2004 comprised 26 patients (36 CHF). 22 patients (31 CHF) were re-evaluated in a second follow-up trial (SFT) between 2006 and 2008. A reference collective (43 patients, 56 CHF) treated with ORIF from 1993 to 2000 mainly by mini- or microplates (MMP) served as a surgical control group. Five years after ORIF all fractured condyles (FC) continued to show stable anatomic restoration of the pre-trauma vertical height. FC treated with SFPSO exhibited a significantly superior range of motion (p protrusion compared to a previous MMP reference collective. Also, no difference was found between condylar mobility of FC five years after surgery and non-fractured condyles (NFC). SFPSO had thus successfully achieved a sustainable, stable physiological restoration of protrusive mobility of the articular

  9. Long-term follow-up of advanced bladder adenocarcinoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karen Korkes


    Full Text Available Objective: to evaluate patients treated with primary bladder adenocarcinoma at our institution. Methods: A review of 30 patients diagnosed with bladder adenocarcinoma at a single institution from 1994 of 2005 was undertaken. Cases of primary bladder adenocarcinoma were retrospectively evaluated. Rresults: Out of 490 patients with bladder carcinoma, 30 had bladder adenocarcinoma: 22 metastatic tumors, eight (1.6% primary adenocarcinoma. Of these, three (0.6% were primary non-urachal and five (1.0% were urachal adenocarcinoma. All patients were men with mean age of 55.8 years (range 37-83. Dysuria and hematuria were the main symptoms reported. Of the total, four patients had cancer-related mortality. Cconclusion: Primary bladder adenocarcinoma is a rare neoplasm, observed in 1.6% patients with bladder malignancies. Late diagnosis limits therapeutic possibilities. Partial cystectomy seems to have unsatisfactory results and radical cystectomy, although remains as the gold standard, have no proven efficacy. New methods of adjuvant treatment must be studied to improve treatment outcomes, as high mortality is observed despite treatment.

  10. Vascular events after liver transplantation : a long-term follow-up study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Borg, Maarten A. J. P.; van der Wouden, Egbert-Jan; Sluiter, Wim J.; Slooff, Maarten J. H.; Haagsma, Elizabeth B.; van den Berg, Arie P.

    Long-term follow-up studies on the impact of vascular events (VE) and risk factors of liver transplant recipients are scarce. In this study, 311 recipients of a first isolated liver transplant who survived at least 1 year were followed up from 1979 to 2002. The median follow-up duration was 6.2

  11. Long-Term Follow-up After Embolization of Pulmonary Arteriovenous Malformations with Detachable Silicone Balloons

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Poul Erik; Kjeldsen, Anette D


    Long-term follow-up results after embolization of 13 pulmonary arteriovenous malformations in 10 patients by use of 14 detachable silicone balloons are given. Patients were followed for a mean of 99 months (range, 63-123 months) with chest x-rays and for a mean of 62 months (range, 3-101 months......) with pulmonary angiography. Fifty-four percent of the balloons were deflated at latest radiographic chest film follow-up, but at pulmonary angiographic follow-up all embolized malformations were without flow irrespective of whether or not the balloons were visible. Detachable silicone balloons are not available...... anymore, but use of these balloons for embolization of pulmonary arteriovenous malformations has been shown to be a safe and precise method, with immediate occlusion of the feeding artery and with long-lasting occlusion, even though many balloons deflate with time, leaving a fibrotic scar replacing...

  12. Our Direct Laryngoscopy Results: 3 Years Follow up

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahmut Özkırış


    Full Text Available Aim: To evaluate the pathological and clinical results of the 126 patients who had endoscopic direct laryngoscopy for laryngeal pathology. Material nd Method: In this study, endoscopic direct laryngoscopy were applied to 126 laryngeal pathology patients between March 2007 and June 2010. The pathological results were reviewed retrospectively. Results: The age of the patients range from 21 to 63 (mean: 40,2 years, including 39 women (%30,9, and 87 men (%69,1. The pathological results of the 126 patients were; laryngeal polyp in 87 patients, laryngeal nodule in 27 patients, squamouse cell carcinoma in 12 patients, entubation granuloma in 2 patients and laryngeal tuberculosis 1 patient. Discussion: Direct laryngoscopy using the operating microscope (microlaryngoscopy that is a surgical method  provides a clear observation of the laryngeal pathologies and allows fine surgery to the larynx.

  13. Long-term follow-up study and long-term care of childhood cancer survivors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hyeon Jin Park


    Full Text Available The number of long-term survivors is increasing in the western countries due to remarkable improvements in the treatment of childhood cancer. The long-term complications of childhood cancer survivors in these countries were brought to light by the childhood cancer survivor studies. In Korea, the 5-year survival rate of childhood cancer patients is approaching 70%; therefore, it is extremely important to undertake similar long-term follow-up studies and comprehensive long-term care for our population. On the basis of the experiences of childhood cancer survivorship care of the western countries and the current Korean status of childhood cancer survivors, long-term follow-up study and long-term care systems need to be established in Korea in the near future. This system might contribute to the improvement of the quality of life of childhood cancer survivors through effective intervention strategies.

  14. Artroplastia total do joelho com o apoio tibial móvel: avaliação dos resultados a médio prazo Total knee arthroplasty with a mobile tibial bearing: medium-term follow-up results

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Gabriel Betoni Guglielmetti


    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliações dos resultados a médio prazo da aplicação da prótese com apoio tibial móvel. MÉTODOS: Noventa e seis pacientes (107 joelhos foram submetidos a artroplastia total do joelho realizada com um modelo de prótese com mobilidade rotatória no componente tibial. Os pacientes foram avaliados após um seguimento médio de 52,7 meses - desvio padrão 21,94 (mínimo de 24 meses e máximo de 120 meses, através do protocolo de avaliação "Knee Society Clinical Rating System" (KSCRS, com uma média de 78,22 pontos. RESULTADOS: Entre as complicações transoperatórias e pós operatórias imediatas ocorreram uma deiscência de sutura, com cura espontânea, duas fraturas de patela, uma fratura do côndilo medial do fêmur, três paresias do nervo fibular lateral e uma distrofia nervosa simpático reflexa. As complicações tardias foram uma fratura da patela, uma fratura distal do fêmur, quatro solturas assépticas e quatro infecções profundas, que necessitaram de revisão. CONCLUSÃO: Excluindo-se os casos que necessitaram de uma revisão, por soltura séptica ou asséptica, os autores concluem serem bons os resultados clínicos e funcionais obtidos com a prótese com o apoio tibial móvel num seguimento a médio prazo.OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of mid-term follow up results of the application of a total knee replacement with a mobile tibial bearing design. METHODS: Ninety six patients (107 knees were submitted to total knee Arthroplasty, performed with a model of prosthesis with rotating mobility in the tibial component. The patients were evaluated after a mean follow-up of 52.7 months - standard deviation 21.94 (minimum 24 months and maximum 120 months through the Knee Society Clinical Rating System (KSCRS, with a mean outcome of 78.22 points. RESULTS: The complications that occurred immediately after or during the surgery included: one wound dehiscence with spontaneous healing, two patellar fractures, one fracture of the medial

  15. Long-term naturalistic follow-up of lithium augmentation: relevance to bipolarity. (United States)

    Inoue, Takeshi; Abekawa, Tomohiro; Nakagawa, Shin; Suzuki, Katsuji; Tanaka, Teruaki; Kitaichi, Yuji; Boku, Shuken; Nakato, Yasuya; Toda, Hiroyuki; Koyama, Tsukasa


    Whether bipolarity (unrecognized bipolar disorder) is related to the treatment response to lithium augmentation in antidepressant-refractory depression remains unclear. This study of responders and non-responders to lithium augmentation of 29 antidepressant-refractory patients with major depression, whom we had studied during 1995-1997, compared the bipolar diagnosis at the follow-up based on diagnostic confirmation after long-term follow-up. Before being classified as stage 2 treatment-resistant depression, these patients had been treated adequately with at least two tricyclic or heterocyclic antidepressants from different pharmacological classes (a minimum of the equivalent of 150 mg of imipramine for 4 weeks). During 1995-1997, 29 patients received lithium augmentation. Their treatment responses were recorded. Mean follow-up was 8.0 years (range, 1-13 years). Bipolar conversion and full remission were evaluated. After the long-term follow-up, diagnoses were changed to bipolar depression in 3 of 4 lithium responders and 3 of 25 lithium non-responders; lithium augmentation was more effective for unrecognized bipolar patients. Only the family history of bipolar disorder predicted subsequent bipolar conversion. Treatment was not controlled in this naturalistic study, which had a small sample size. Results of this long-term follow-up study suggest that bipolarity is related to a positive response to lithium augmentation in stage 2 treatment-resistant major depression. The family history of bipolar disorder suggests false unipolar depression, and therefore indicates lithium responders. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  16. In situ pinning in slipped capital femoral epiphysis: long-term follow-up studies


    Accadbled, F.; Murgier, J.; Delannes, B.; Cahuzac, J. P.; de Gauzy, J. Sales


    Abstract Background Management of moderately displaced slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is debated, mostly because of the risks related to open reduction on one hand, and subsequent evolution toward femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) on the other. Method All SCFE cases treated with in situ fixation (ISF) and a minimum of ten years of follow-up beyond skeletal maturity were analysed in a retrospective multicentre study. Coxometry parameters were measured. Long-term results of ISF were ...

  17. Long-Term Follow-up of Uterine Artery Embolization for Symptomatic Adenomyosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Smeets, A. J., E-mail:; Nijenhuis, R. J. [St. Elisabeth Ziekenhuis, Department of Radiology (Netherlands); Boekkooi, P. F.; Vervest, H. A. M. [St. Elisabeth Ziekenhuis, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology (Netherlands); Rooij, W. J. van; Lohle, P. N. M. [St. Elisabeth Ziekenhuis, Department of Radiology (Netherlands)


    Introduction: Long-term results of uterine artery embolization (UAE) for adenomyosis are largely unknown. We assess long-term outcome of UAE in 40 women with adenomyosis. Materials and methods: Between March 1999 and October 2006, 40 consecutive women with adenomyosis (22 in combination with fibroids) were treated with UAE. Changes in junction zone thickness were assessed with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at baseline and again at 3 months. After a mean clinical follow-up of 65 months (median 58 [range 38-129]), women filled out the uterine fibroid symptom and quality of life (UFS-QoL) questionnaire, which had additional questions on the long-term evolution of baseline symptoms and adverse events. Results: During follow-up, 7 of 40 women (18%) underwent hysterectomy. Among these 7 women, the junction zones were significantly thicker, both at baseline (mean 23 vs. 16 mm, P = 0.028) and at 3-month follow-up (mean 15 vs. 9 mm, P = 0.034). Of 33 women with preserved uterus, 29 were asymptomatic. Four patients had symptom severity scores of 50 to 85 and overall QoL scores of 60 to 66, indicating substantial clinical symptoms. There was no relation between clinical outcome and the initial presence of fibroids in addition to adenomyosis. Conclusion: In women with therapy-resistant adenomyosis, UAE resulted in long-term preservation of the uterus in the majority. Most patients with preserved uterus were asymptomatic. The only predictor for hysterectomy during follow-up was initial thickness of the junction zone. The presence or absence of fibroids in addition to adenomyosis had no relation with the need for hysterectomy or clinical outcome.

  18. Multidisciplinary management and long-term follow-up of mesiodens: a case report. (United States)

    Cogulu, Dilsah; Yetkiner, Enver; Akay, Cemal; Seckin, Ozlem; Alpoz, Riza


    Supernumerary teeth are relatively common in the oral cavity and are characterized by an excessive number of teeth. The term "mesiodens" refers to a supernumerary tooth located in the midline of the maxilla between the central incisors. Mesiodens may cause a variety of pathological complications such as impaction of the maxillary central incisors, tooth retention or delayed eruption of the permanent incisors, crowding, eruption within the nasal cavity, formation of diastema, intraoral infection, root anomaly, root resorption of adjacent teeth and cyst formation accompanied by bone destruction. Therefore it is recommended to follow-up with regular radiographic examination. Early diagnosis minimizes treatment needs and prevents associated complications. The present case, followed for 7 years, presented bilateral mesiodens resulting in delayed eruption of the permanent incisors and emphasizes the importance of multidisciplinary management and long-term follow-up.

  19. Permanent His bundle pacing: Electrophysiological and echocardiographic observations from long-term follow-up. (United States)

    Vijayaraman, Pugazhendhi; Dandamudi, Gopi; Lustgarten, Daniel; Ellenbogen, Kenneth A


    Permanent His bundle pacing (HBP) is a physiological alternative to right ventricular pacing. It is not known whether HBP can cause His-Purkinje conduction (HPC) disease. The aim of our study is to assess His bundle capture and its effect on left ventricular (LV) function in long-term follow-up and to determine HPC at the time of pulse generator change (GC) in patients with chronic HBP. HB electrograms were recorded from the pacing lead at implant and GC. HBP QRS duration (QRSd), His-ventricular (HV) intervals, and HB pacing thresholds at GC were compared with implant measurements. HPC was assessed by pacing at cycle lengths of 700 ms, 600 ms, and 500 ms at GC. LV internal diameters, ejection fraction (EF), and valve dysfunction at baseline were compared with echocardiography during follow-up. GC was performed in 20 patients (men 13; age 74 ± 14 years) with HBP at 70 ± 24 months postimplant. HV intervals remained unchanged from initial implant (44 ± 4 ms vs 45 ± 4 ms). During HBP at 700 ms, 600 ms, and 500 ms (n = 17), consistent 1:1 HPC was present. HBP QRSd remained unchanged during follow-up (117 ± 20 ms vs 118 ± 23 ms). HBP threshold at implant and GC was 1.9 ± 1.1 V and 2.5 ± 1.2 V @ 0.5 ms. Despite high pacing burden (77 ± 13%), there was no significant change in LVEF (50 ± 14% at implant) during follow-up (55 ± 6%, P = 0.06). HBP does not appear to cause new HPC abnormalities and is associated with stable HBP QRSd during long-term follow-up. Despite high pacing burden, HBP did not result in deterioration of left ventricular systolic function or cause new valve dysfunction. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  20. Follow-up of Antihypertensive Therapy Improves Blood Pressure Control: Results of HYT (HYperTension survey) Follow-up. (United States)

    Fici, F; Seravalle, G; Koylan, N; Nalbantgil, I; Cagla, N; Korkut, Y; Quarti-Trevano, F; Makel, W; Grassi, G


    Although improved during the past few years, blood pressure control remains sub optimal. The impact of follow-up assessment on blood pressure control was evaluated in a group of patients of the HYT (HYperTension survey), treated with a combination of different dihydropyridine calcium-channel blockers (CCBs regimen) and inhibitors of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) and with uncontrolled blood pressure. This was obtained assessing (a) the rate of blood pressure control at 3 and 6 months of follow-up in the whole group of patients, (b) the rate of blood pressure control and the average blood pressure values in subjects treated with different DHP-CCBs regimen. From the 4993 patients with uncontrolled blood pressure, (BP ≥ 140/90 or ≥140/85 in patients with diabetes), 3729 (mean age 61.2 ± 11.5 years), maintained CCBs regimen combined wih RAAS blockers and were evaluated at 3 and 6 months follow-up. At each visit BP (semiautomatic device, Omron-M6, 3 measurements), heart rate, adverse events and treatment persistence were collected. At 1st and 2nd follow-up the rate of controlled BP was 63.5 and 72.8% respectively (p hypertensive patients under therapy increase the rate of blood pressure control; (b) there is no significant difference in the antihypertensive effect between different CCBs regimen; (c) lipophilic CCBs induce less ankle edema.

  1. B-cell Lymphoma in retrieved femoral heads: a long term follow up

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    van Kemenade Folkert J


    Full Text Available Abstract Background A relatively high incidence of pathological conditions in retrieved femoral heads, including a group of patients having low grade B-cell lymphoma, has been described before. At short term follow up none of these patients with low-grade B-cell lymphoma showed evidence of systemic disease. However, the long term follow up of these patients is not known. Methods From November 1994 up to and including December 2005 we screened all femoral heads removed at the time of primary total hip replacement histopathologically and included them in the bone banking protocol according to the guidelines of the American Associations of Tissue Banks (AATB and the European Association of Musculo-Skeletal Transplantation (EAMST. We determined the percentage of B-cell lymphoma in all femoral heads and in the group that fulfilled all criteria of the bone banking protocol and report on the long-term follow-up. Results Of 852 femoral heads fourteen (1.6% were highly suspicious for low-grade B-cell lymphoma. Of these 852 femoral heads, 504 were eligible for bone transplantation according to the guidelines of the AATB and the EAMST. Six femoral heads of this group of 504 were highly suspicious for low-grade B-cell lymphoma (1.2%. At long term follow up two (0.2% of all patients developed systemic malignant disease and one of them needed medical treatment for her condition. Conclusion In routine histopathological screening we found variable numbers of low-grade B-cell lymphoma throughout the years, even in a group of femoral heads that were eligible for bone transplantation. Allogenic transmission of malignancy has not yet been reported on, but surviving viruses are proven to be transmissible. Therefore, we recommend the routine histopathological evaluation of all femoral heads removed at primary total hip arthroplasty as a tool for quality control, whether the femoral head is used for bone banking or not.

  2. Long-term Survival Outcomes Following Internal Mammary Node Irradiation in Stage II-III Breast Cancer: Results of a Large Retrospective Study With 12-Year Follow-up

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    Chang, Jee Suk [Department of Radiation Oncology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Park, Won [Department of Radiation Oncology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Yong Bae; Lee, Ik Jae; Keum, Ki Chang; Lee, Chang Geol [Department of Radiation Oncology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Choi, Doo Ho [Department of Radiation Oncology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Suh, Chang-Ok, E-mail: [Department of Radiation Oncology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Huh, Seung Jae, E-mail: [Department of Radiation Oncology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)


    Purpose: To examine the effect of internal mammary node irradiation (IMNI) on disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) in breast cancer patients treated with modified radical mastectomy and postoperative radiation therapy. Methods and Materials: Between 1994 and 2002, 396 patients with stage II-III breast cancer were treated with postmastectomy radiation therapy with (n=197) or without (n=199) IMNI. Patients who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy were excluded. IMNI was administered at the clinical discretion of the treating physician. Median RT dose was 50.4 Gy (range, 45.0-59.4 Gy) in 28 fractions, with inclusion of the supraclavicular fossa in 96% of patients. Adjuvant chemotherapy was administered to 99.7% of the patients and endocrine therapy to 53%. Results: The median follow-up was 149 months (range, 124-202). IMNI patients had more advanced nodal stage and non-high grade tumors than those without IMNI (P<.001). Otherwise, disease and treatment characteristics were well balanced. The 10-year DFS with and without IMNI was 65% and 57%, respectively (P=.05). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that IMNI was an independent, positive predictor of DFS (hazard ratio [HR], 0.70; P=.02). Benefits of IMNI in DFS were seen most apparently in N2 patients (HR, 0.44; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.26-0.74) and inner/central tumors (HR, 0.55; 95% CI, 0.34-0.90). The 10-year OS with and without IMNI was 72% and 66%, respectively (P=.62). The 10-year DFS and OS were 61%, and 69%, respectively. Conclusions: Internal mammary node irradiation significantly improved DFS in postmastectomy breast cancer patients. Pending long-term results from randomized trials, treatment of internal mammary nodes should be considered in postmastectomy radiation therapy.

  3. Surgical correction of Peyronie's disease via tunica albuginea plication: long-term follow-up. (United States)

    Seveso, M; Melegari, S; De Francesco, O; Macchi, A; Romero Otero, J; Taverna, G; Bozzini, G


    Peyronie's disease (PD) is an acquired connective tissue disorder of the tunica albuginea with fibrosis and inflammation that lead to palpable plaques formation, penile curvature, and pain during erection. Patients report negative effects on main domains such as physical appearance and self-image, sexual function, and performance. The aim of this study was to evaluate plication of the albuginea outcomes after a long-term follow-up period. Between 1998 and 2006, a total of 204 patients with PD underwent surgical correction with albuginea plication technique. We obtained complete long-term follow-up data in 187 cases. The follow-up data included evaluation of curvature correction, penile shortening, sexual function, complications, and patient satisfaction. After a mean follow-up of 141 months, the most common postoperative complications were: loss of length (150 patients had a minimal penile shortening ≤1.5 cm, 37 patient between 1.5, and 3 cm, none >3 cm), recurrent or residual penile curvature (15 patients, without impairing sexual intercourse), erectile dysfunction (15 patients had IIEF-5 suture knots (in 20 cases) spontaneously healed in 3 months. Overall, 77% of the patients and partners were completely satisfied, 14% partially satisfied, and 9% unsatisfied. Plication procedure is safe and simple to be performed compared with the classical Nesbit's procedure. It has a shorter surgical time, lower costs, and could be successfully performed by less experienced surgeons too. It has a minimal risk of de novo erectile dysfunction, injury to the dorsal neurovascular bundle. Results are good in terms of patient satisfaction according to anatomical outcome and functional correction. © 2017 American Society of Andrology and European Academy of Andrology.

  4. Long-term follow-up of surgical treatment for thumb duplication

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Larsen, M; Nicolai, JPA

    There are few long-term follow-up reports concerning the treatment of thumb duplication. We reviewed the treatment of 19 of 74 patients treated at our institution between 1956 and 2002. The average follow-up was 22 (range, 7 years to 35 years) years. Satisfactory function was achieved in 18 thumbs

  5. Follow-up Of Neonatal Jaundice In Term And Late Premature Newborns.


    Facchini, Fernando P; Mezzacappa,Maria Aparecida; Rosa, Izilda R; Mezzacappa Filho,Francisco; Aranha-Netto, Abimael; Marba, Sergio Tadeu


    Objective: To report on the results of a project following term and near term newborn infants who were jaundiced during the neonatal period. Methods: Neonates were referred to the follow-up clinic with weight ≥ 2,000 g and/or gestational age ≥ 35 weeks, and jaundice at discharge was initially assessed with an Ingram icterometer or Bilicheck and, if indicated, with a Unistat bilirubinometer (Leica). These newborn infants had bilirubinemia at or above the 40th percentile on the nomogram develop...

  6. Long-term follow-up and outcome in patients with recurrent respiratory laryngeal papillomatosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Eva Rye; Schnack, Didde T; Jørkov, Andreas Schjellerup


    surgeries. The main objective of this study was to describe patient characteristics and long-term follow-up data in a Danish cohort with the disease. METHODS: The study was a longitudinal retrospective cohort-study using data from electronic medical records and a pathology database. RESULTS: A total of 61...... transformation were observed. In the juvenile population, the mean age of onset was 8.5 years (range: 3-12 years). The mean follow-up time was 11.5 years (range: 2-23 years), and the number of surgeries per year at risk was one/year. CO2-laser and microdebrider were the surgical techniques usually employed. 43...

  7. Pediatric bag-in-the-lens intraocular lens implantation: long-term follow-up. (United States)

    Van Looveren, Jan; Ní Dhubhghaill, Sorcha; Godts, Daisy; Bakker, Ellen; De Veuster, Ilse; Mathysen, Danny G P; Tassignon, Marie-José


    To evaluate long-term follow-up results of pediatric cataract surgery using the bag-in-the-lens (BIL) intraocular lens (IOL) implantation technique. Antwerp University Hospital, Edegem, Antwerp, Belgium. Prospective case series. All pediatric cataract surgeries with BIL IOL implantation performed at the Antwerp University Hospital were evaluated. Only cases that completed a follow-up of 5 years at the hospital's Department of Ophthalmology were included in this study. Forty-six eyes of 31 children had a complete follow-up of 5 years or more after BIL IOL implantation. Sixteen cases were unilateral and 15 were bilateral. Patient age at time of surgery ranged from 2 months to 14 years. The mean refraction at the end of follow-up was -1.99 diopters (D) ± 3.70 (SD). In bilateral cases, a corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) of better than 0.5 was attained in 86.7% and a CDVA of 1.0 was achieved in 56.7%. In unilateral cases, 31.2% achieved a CDVA of better than 0.5 but none obtained a CDVA of 1.0. A clear visual axis was maintained in 91.3% of cases during follow-up. Visual axis reopacification was detected in 4 eyes of 3 cases, all due to inadequate BIL IOL positioning. None of these eyes needed more than 1 intervention to maintain visual axis clarity. Other than 1 case of glaucoma, no severe complications were detected. Long-term follow-up results show that BIL IOL implantation is a safe, well-tolerated approach for treating pediatric cataract with a very low rate of visual axis reopacification and a low rate of secondary interventions for other postoperative complications. Dr. Tassignon has intellectual property rights to the bag-in-the-lens intraocular lens (U.S. patent 6 027 531; EU patent 009406794.PCT/120268), which is licensed to Morcher GmbH, Stuttgart, Germany. No other author has a financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned. Copyright © 2015 ASCRS and ESCRS. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Does 360° lumbar spinal fusion improve long-term clinical outcomes after failure of conservative treatment in patients with functionally disabling single-level degenerative lumbar disc disease? Results of 5-year follow-up in 75 postoperative patients. (United States)

    Zigler, Jack E; Delamarter, Rick B


    of patients using narcotics at the 5-year follow-up visit was less than half the percentage of patients who had used narcotics as part of their prior conservative treatment. The 5-year results of this post hoc analysis of 75 patients involved in a multicenter, multi-surgeon trial support 360° fusion surgery as a predictable and lasting treatment option to improve pain and function in properly selected patients with mechanical degenerative disc disease. These improvements occurred dramatically immediately after surgery and have been maintained through the scope of this follow-up period, with 98% follow-up at 2 years and 75% of patients available at 5 years.

  9. Follow-up of neonatal jaundice in term and late premature newborns. (United States)

    Facchini, Fernando P; Mezzacappa, Maria Aparecida; Rosa, Izilda R; Mezzacappa Filho, Francisco; Aranha-Netto, Abimael; Marba, Sergio Tadeu


    To report on the results of a project following term and near term newborn infants who were jaundiced during the neonatal period. Neonates were referred to the follow-up clinic with weight >/= 2,000 g and/or gestational age >/= 35 weeks, and jaundice at discharge was initially assessed with an Ingram icterometer or Bilicheck and, if indicated, with a Unistat bilirubinometer (Leica). These newborn infants had bilirubinemia at or above the 40th percentile on the nomogram developed by Bhutani. All infants treated with phototherapy while in hospital were reassessed by laboratory methods 24 hours after withdrawal of treatment. Patients were rehospitalized for intensive phototherapy if their level was greater than or equal to 20 mg/dL. From a total sample of 11,259 neonates, 2,452 (21.8%) were referred to the follow-up clinic, 87.2% (2,140) of whom did return. Eighty returned neonates were readmitted. Return appointments were set for 2,452 patients, 180 (7.3%) of whom had bilirubinemia >/= 15 mg/dL at discharge. Of these 180, 151 returned for follow-up. Twenty (13.2%) were readmitted for treatment. Of the total number of readmitted patients, two newborn infants had levels >/= 25 mg/dL and none >/= 30 mg/dL. All responded rapidly to intensive phototherapy, and there was no need for exchange transfusions. Our results suggest that the regime adopted is effective for detecting and preventing hyperbilirubinemia at risk of causing bilirubin-induced encephalopathy in term and near term newborn infants.

  10. Long-Term follow up after intra-Uterine transfusionS; the LOTUS study

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Verduin, Esther P; Lindenburg, Irene T M; Smits-Wintjens, Vivianne E H J; van Klink, Jeanine M M; Schonewille, Henk; van Kamp, Inge L; Oepkes, Dick; Walther, Frans J; Kanhai, Humphrey H H; Doxiadis, Ilias I N; Lopriore, Enrico; Brand, Anneke


    .... We set up a large long-term observational follow-up study (LOTUS study), in cooperation with the Sanquin Blood Supply Foundation and the LUMC departments of Obstetrics, Neonatology and ImmunoHematology...

  11. Pterygium surgery by means of conjunctival autograft: long term follow-up

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valentín Huerva


    Full Text Available PURPOSE: To demonstrate the long term of follow-up of the recurrence rate after conjunctival autograft for pterygium surgery. METHODS: A total of 112 patients operated for pterygium with conjunctival autografts and with more than one year follow-up were registered. Patients were called for voluntary examinations of their respective ocular surface statuses. Completing the study was only possible in 44 cases. Seven had bilateral pterygium. (N=51 operated pterygium. RESULTS: The mean follow-up time was 49.06 months. In 29.45% of the cases, attachment was performed using non-absorbable sutures (nylon 10/0, while fibrin glue was used in 70.55% of the cases. Six cases of recurrence (11.76% were found. The recurrence rate between primary and recurrent pterygium, and between sutures and fibrin glue proved to be not statistically significant; p>0.05. There were no significant differences between women and men with respect to recurrence. The median of age in the recurrence group was 40 years old, in contrast to 55 in the non-recurrence group; p=0.01517. All of these recurrences were associated with patients of Hispanic origins (from Latin America; p=0.001506. CONCLUSIONS: After a long follow-up period after autograft pterygium surgery, there were no statistically significant differences in recurrence rates for the application of sutures as opposed to fibrin glue; similarly, there were no statistically significant differences between the use of autograft in primary and recurrent pterygium. The greatest risk factors for recurrence were young age and Hispanic ethnicity.

  12. Underuse of long-term routine hospital follow-up care in patients with a history of breast cancer?

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    Schaapveld Michael


    Full Text Available Abstract Background After primary treatment for breast cancer, patients are recommended to use hospital follow-up care routinely. Long-term data on the utilization of this follow-up care are relatively rare. Methods Information regarding the utilization of routine hospital follow-up care was retrieved from hospital documents of 662 patients treated for breast cancer. Utilization of hospital follow-up care was defined as the use of follow-up care according to the guidelines in that period of time. Determinants of hospital follow up care were evaluated with multivariate analysis by generalized estimating equations (GEE. Results The median follow-up time was 9.0 (0.3-18.1 years. At fifth and tenth year after diagnosis, 16.1% and 33.5% of the patients had less follow-up visits than recommended in the national guideline, and 33.1% and 40.4% had less frequent mammography than recommended. Less frequent mammography was found in older patients (age > 70; OR: 2.10; 95%CI: 1.62-2.74, patients with comorbidity (OR: 1.26; 95%CI: 1.05-1.52 and patients using hormonal therapy (OR: 1.51; 95%CI: 1.01-2.25. Conclusions Most patients with a history of breast cancer use hospital follow-up care according to the guidelines. In older patients, patients with comorbidity and patients receiving hormonal therapy yearly mammography is performed much less than recommended.

  13. Minimum 2-Year Follow-Up Result of Degenerative Spinal Stenosis Treated with Interspinous U (Coflex™) (United States)

    Park, Seong-cheol; Yoon, Sang Hoon; Hong, Yong-Pyo; Chung, Sang-Ki; Kim, Hyun-Jib


    Objective Clinical and radiological results of posterior dynamic stabilization using interspinous U (ISU, Coflex™, Paradigm Spine Inc.®, NY, USA) were analyzed in comparison with posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) in degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). Methods A retrospective study was conducted for a consecutive series of 61 patients with degenerative LSS between May 2003 and December 2005. We included only the patients completed minimum 24 months follow up evaluation. Among them, 30 patients were treated with implantation of ISU after decompressive laminectomy (Group ISU) and 31 patients were treated with wide decompressive laminectomy and posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF; Group PLIF). We evaluated visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) for clinical outcomes (VAS, ODI), disc height ratio disc height (DH), disc height/vertebral body length ×100), static vertebral slip (VS) and depth of maximal radiolucent gap between ISU and spinous process) in preoperative, immediate postoperative and last follow up. Results The mean age of group ISU (66.2 ± 6.7 years) was 6.2 years older than the mean age of group PLIF (60.4 ± 8.1 years; p = 0.003 ). In both groups, clinical measures improved significantly than preoperative values (p PLIF (p spondylolisthesis in group ISU increased during postoperative follow-up (2.3 ± 3.3 → 8.7 ± 6.2, p = 0.040). Meanwhile, the postoperatively improved DH and VS was maintained in group PLIF in last follow up. Conclusion According to our result, implantation of ISU after decompressive laminectomy in degenerative LSS is less invasive and provides similar clinical outcome in comparison with the instrumented fusion. However, the device has only transient effect on the postoperative restoration of disc height and reduction of slip in spondylolisthesis. Therefore, in the biomechanical standpoint, it is hard to expect that use of Interspinous U in decompressive laminectomy for degenerative LSS had

  14. Lupus nephritis. Remissions and relapses. Long-term follow up of 84 patients

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    Gerardo Oscar Mogni


    Full Text Available Introduction: Nephritis is the most common of all serious manifestations of SLE. The proliferative forms require immunosuppressive treatment, but responses are not consistent and exacerbations are frequent during or after the treatment has been completed. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the evolution of a cohort of 84 patients with proliferative lupus nephritis with immunosuppressive treatment, in a long-term (up to 203 months follow up. Were taken as basal: sex, age, latency between onset and diagnosis of SLE nephritis, serum complement, plasmatic creatinine and proteinuria. We evaluated: initial response to therapy, occurrence of relapse or recurrence and score at the end of the observation period. Results: Remission of initial nephritis was seen in 73% of the cases, although at the end of monitoring only 54% of patients were in remission. 45 patients had one episode of nephritis, 32 patients had two, and 7 patients had three. Most of the remissions took place during the maintenance period. Complete remission had better evolution than partial remission. High serum creatinine levels and proteinuria at baseline were indicators of bad prognosis. Oral Azathioprine was more effective than quarterly IV Cylophosphamide as maintenance therapy, despite of a high incidence of relapses. Mycophenolate was not more effective than Cyclophosphamide/azathioprine for the treatment of relapses or recurrences. Conclusions: Our results are similar to the literature. Extended follow up enables the evaluation of the long term result of the initial symptoms, any possible future outbreaks, the effectiveness of the treatment and its evolution after its interruption.

  15. Muscle strength in patients with acromegaly at diagnosis and during long-term follow-up. (United States)

    Füchtbauer, Laila; Olsson, Daniel S; Bengtsson, Bengt-Åke; Norrman, Lise-Lott; Sunnerhagen, Katharina S; Johannsson, Gudmundur


    Patients with acromegaly have decreased body fat (BF) and increased extracellular water (ECW) and muscle mass. Although there is a lack of systematic studies on muscle function, it is believed that patients with acromegaly may suffer from proximal muscle weakness despite their increased muscle mass. We studied body composition and muscle function in untreated acromegaly and after biochemical remission. Prospective observational study. Patients with acromegaly underwent measurements of muscle strength (dynamometers) and body composition (four-compartment model) at diagnosis (n = 48), 1 year after surgery (n = 29) and after long-term follow-up (median 11 years) (n = 24). Results were compared to healthy subjects. Untreated patients had increased body cell mass (113 ± 9% of predicted) and ECW (110 ± 20%) and decreased BF (67 ± 7.6%). At one-year follow-up, serum concentration of IGF-I was reduced and body composition had normalized. At baseline, isometric muscle strength in knee flexors and extensors was normal and concentric strength was modestly increased whereas grip strength and endurance was reduced. After one year, muscle strength was normal in both patients with still active disease and patients in remission. At long-term follow-up, all patients were in remission. Most muscle function tests remained normal, but isometric flexion and the fatigue index were increased to 153 ± 42% and 139 ± 28% of predicted values, respectively. Patients with untreated acromegaly had increased body cell mass and normal or modestly increased proximal muscle strength, whereas their grip strength was reduced. After biochemical improvement and remission, body composition was normalized, hand grip strength was increased, whereas proximal muscle fatigue increased. © 2017 European Society of Endocrinology.

  16. Hemolytic uremic syndrome: defining the need for long-term follow-up. (United States)

    Small, G; Watson, A R; Evans, J H; Gallagher, J


    Diarrhea-associated (D+) hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is a common cause of acute renal failure in children. Progressive renal insufficiency has been documented on prolonged follow-up of selected patients. However, it is uncertain whether all children recovering from varying degrees of HUS require long-term follow-up. We reviewed the outcome of 114 patients with D+ HUS presenting to a regional pediatric unit between January 1986 and December 1996. Yearly clinical review post illness included measurement of blood pressure and urinalysis for proteinuria with planned GFR assessments by 51Cr EDTA slope clearance at 1 and 5 years. Treatment of the HUS was conservative in 27%, by peritoneal dialysis in 62%, hemodialysis in 4% and both peritoneal and hemodialysis in 7%. Ninety-two patients were assessed at 1 year - of these, 1 remained on chronic peritoneal dialysis, 5 (5%) had moderate to severe chronic renal failure (CRF) (GFR 25 - 50 ml/min/1.73 m2), 20 (22%) had mild CRF (GFR 50-80) and 66 (72%) had normal renal function (> or =80 ml/min/1.73 m2). Forty patients have had GFRs performed at 1 and 5 years. Of the 28 patients with a normal GFR at 1 year, 3 deteriorated into mild CRF at 5 years. One patient has a single kidney and one had significant proteinuria at 1 year, factors which would have led to long-term follow-up. There was a negative correlation between number of days of dialysis and GFR at 1 year with a Pearson's correlation coefficient of -0.453 (prenal function at I year following HUS cannot be predicted with any certainty from the initial illness and should be formally assessed. However, renal function was within normal limits and remained stable between 1 and 5 years following HUS in most children. The results suggest that longer-term follow-up can probably be restricted to those with proteinuria, hypertension, abnormal ultrasound and/or impaired GFR at 1 year.

  17. Discontinuation of long-term benzodiazepine use: 10-year follow-up. (United States)

    de Gier, N A H; Gorgels, W J M J; Lucassen, P L B J; Oude Voshaar, R; Mulder, J; Zitman, F


    Several interventions aiming at discontinuation of long-term benzodiazepine use have been proven effective in the short term. However, data on the persistence of discontinuation are lacking. To assess 10-year follow-up status in patients who succeeded in stopping benzodiazepine use after a discontinuation letter from the patient's own GP. To identify determinants of successful discontinuation on the long term. Follow-up data of patients who participated in a large prospective, controlled stepped care intervention programme among long-term benzodiazepine users in primary care. At 10-year follow-up, the percentage of benzodiazepine abstinence was 58.8%. Non-abstinent patients used lower doses of benzodiazepine. Being abstinent at 21 months after the intervention predicted abstinence at 10-year follow-up. Ten years after a minimal intervention to decrease long-term benzodiazepine use, the majority of patients who were able to discontinue benzodiazepine use initially, does not use benzodiazepines at 10-year follow-up. Patients who did not succeed in maintaining abstinence from benzodiazepines appear to use lower or average dosages.

  18. Mid-Term Vascular Safety of Renal Denervation Assessed by Follow-up MR Imaging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schmid, Axel, E-mail:; Schmieder, Raphael; Lell, Michael; Janka, Rolf [Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Department of Radiology (Germany); Veelken, Roland; Schmieder, Roland E. [Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Department of Nephrology and Hypertension (Germany); Uder, Michael [Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Department of Radiology (Germany); Ott, Christian [Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Department of Nephrology and Hypertension (Germany)


    Background/AimsRenal denervation (RDN) emerged as a treatment option for reducing blood pressure (BP) in patients with treatment-resistant hypertension (TRH). However, concerns have been raised regarding the incidence of late renal artery stenosis or thromboembolism after RDN. The goal of the current study was, therefore, to conduct a prospective clinical trial on the mid-term vascular integrity of the renal arteries and the perfusion of the renal parenchyma assessed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the follow-up after catheter-based RDN.MethodsIn our single-centre investigator initiated study, 51 patients with true TRH underwent catheter-based RDN using the Symplicity Flex{sup TM} catheter (Medtronic Inc., Palo Alto, CA). Follow-up MRI was performed at a median of 11 months (interquartile range 6–18 months) after RDN on a 1.5T MR unit. High-resolution MR angiography (MRA) and MRI results were compared to the baseline digital angiography of renal arteries obtained at time of RDN. In case of uncertainties (N = 2) catheter angiography was repeated.ResultsBoth office and 24-h ambulatory BP were significantly reduced 6 and 12 months after RDN. Renal function remained unchanged 6 and 12 months after RDN. In all patients, MRA excluded new or progression of pre-existing low grade renal artery stenosis as well as focal aneurysms at the sites of radiofrequency ablation. In none of the patients new segmental perfusion deficits in either kidney were detected on MRI.ConclusionsNo vascular or parenchymal complications after radiofrequency-based RDN were detected in 51 patients followed up by MRI.

  19. Discontinuation of long-term benzodiazepine use : 10-year follow-up

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Gier, N. A. H.; Gorgels, W. J. M. J.; Lucassen, P. L. B. J.; Voshaar, R. Oude; Mulder, J.; Zitman, F.

    Background. Several interventions aiming at discontinuation of long-term benzodiazepine use have been proven effective in the short term. However, data on the persistence of discontinuation are lacking. Objectives. To assess 10-year follow-up status in patients who succeeded in stopping

  20. Discontinuation of long-term benzodiazepine use: 10-year follow-up

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gier, N.A. de; Gorgels, W.J.M.J.; Lucassen, P.L.B.J.; Oude Voshaar, R.C.; Mulder, J.; Zitman, F.G.


    BACKGROUND: Several interventions aiming at discontinuation of long-term benzodiazepine use have been proven effective in the short term. However, data on the persistence of discontinuation are lacking. OBJECTIVES: To assess 10-year follow-up status in patients who succeeded in stopping

  1. Chest HRCT signs predict deaths in long-term follow-up among asbestos exposed workers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vehmas, Tapio, E-mail: [Health and Work Ability, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Topeliuksenkatu 41 a A, FI-00250 Helsinki (Finland); Oksa, Panu, E-mail: [Health and Work Ability, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Uimalankatu 1, FI-33101 Tampere (Finland)


    Highlights: • Much lung and pleural pathology is found in chest CT studies. • HRCT signs were screened and subsequent mortality followed up. • Several signs were related to all-cause and disease specific deaths. • The HRCT classification system used was able to predict mortality. • Secondary preventive strategies should be developed for patients with such signs. - Abstract: Objectives: To study associations between chest HRCT signs and subsequent deaths in long-term follow-up. Methods: Lung and pleural signs of 633 asbestos exposed workers (age 45–86, mean 65) screened with HRCT were recorded by using the International Classification of Occupational and Environmental Respiratory Diseases (ICOERD) system, which contains detailed instructions for use and reference images. Subsequent mortality was checked from the national register. Cox regression adjusted for covariates (age, sex, BMI, asbestos exposure, pack-years) was used to explore the relations between HRCT signs and all-cause deaths, cardiovascular and benign respiratory deaths, and deaths from neoplasms – all according to the ICD-10 diagnostic system. Results: The follow-up totalled 5271.9 person-years (mean 8.3 y/person, range .04–10.3). 119 deaths were reported. Irregular/linear opacities, honeycombing, emphysema, large opacities, visceral pleural abnormalities and bronchial wall thickening were all significantly related to all-cause deaths. Most of these signs were associated also with deaths from neoplasms and benign respiratory disease. Deaths from cardiovascular disease were predicted by emphysema and visceral pleural abnormalities. Conclusions: Several HRCT signs predicted deaths. Careful attention should be paid on subjects with radiological signs predictive of deaths and new secondary preventive strategies developed. This calls for further focused studies among different populations.

  2. Minimum 2-year follow-up result of degenerative spinal stenosis treated with interspinous u (coflex). (United States)

    Park, Seong-Cheol; Yoon, Sang Hoon; Hong, Yong-Pyo; Kim, Ki-Jeong; Chung, Sang-Ki; Kim, Hyun-Jib


    Clinical and radiological results of posterior dynamic stabilization using interspinous U (ISU, Coflex, Paradigm Spine Inc.(R), NY, USA) were analyzed in comparison with posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) in degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). A retrospective study was conducted for a consecutive series of 61 patients with degenerative LSS between May 2003 and December 2005. We included only the patients completed minimum 24 months follow up evaluation. Among them, 30 patients were treated with implantation of ISU after decompressive laminectomy (Group ISU) and 31 patients were treated with wide decompressive laminectomy and posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF; Group PLIF). We evaluated visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) for clinical outcomes (VAS, ODI), disc height ratio disc height (DH), disc height/vertebral body length x100), static vertebral slip (VS) and depth of maximal radiolucent gap between ISU and spinous process) in preoperative, immediate postoperative and last follow up. The mean age of group ISU (66.2 +/- 6.7 years) was 6.2 years older than the mean age of group PLIF (60.4 +/- 8.1 years; p = 0.003 ). In both groups, clinical measures improved significantly than preoperative values (p PLIF (p 18.6 +/- 5.9%), however decreased significantly in last follow up (13.8 +/- 6.6%, p = 0.027). Vertebral slip (VS) of spondylolisthesis in group ISU increased during postoperative follow-up (2.3 +/- 3.3 --> 8.7 +/- 6.2, p = 0.040). Meanwhile, the postoperatively improved DH and VS was maintained in group PLIF in last follow up. According to our result, implantation of ISU after decompressive laminectomy in degenerative LSS is less invasive and provides similar clinical outcome in comparison with the instrumented fusion. However, the device has only transient effect on the postoperative restoration of disc height and reduction of slip in spondylolisthesis. Therefore, in the biomechanical standpoint, it is hard to expect

  3. Laryngeal findings in patients with contact granuloma: a long-term follow-up study. (United States)

    Ylitalo, R; Lindestad, P A


    In order to evaluate the long-term outcome of contact granuloma a follow-up study of 59 patients was conducted. Primary treatment consisted mainly of voice therapy or of voice therapy in combination with surgery. A careful history was taken and the patients were examined using videolaryngoscopy. The average follow-up time was 12 years (range 5-20 years). In total, 10 out of 59 patients (17%) had a granuloma at the follow-up examination, 6 of them presenting without subjective symptoms. Another 28 patients had various signs of inflammation of the posterior glottis. The history taken at follow-up revealed that eight patients had had a previous temporary recurrence during the follow-up time. The recurrence frequency was the same for patients who received voice therapy after postoperative recurrence and patients who were treated with voice therapy only. About 80% of the patients had no symptoms at follow-up. The findings of the present study indicate that contact granuloma is one of several manifestations of chronic posterior laryngitis and that it may occur without symptoms.

  4. White mineral trioxide aggregate pulpotomies: Two case reports with long-term follow-up

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sen Tunc Emine


    Full Text Available This case report describes the partial pulpotomy treatment of complicated crown fractures of two cases by using white mineral trioxide aggregate (WMTA with long-term follow-up. In the cases presented here, to injured incisor teeth were open apices and the pulp exposure site was large, so it was decided to perform vital pulpotomy with WMTA. Long-term follow-up examinations revealed that the treatment preserved pulpal vitality with continued root development and apex formation. WMTA may be considered as an alternative option for the treatment of traumatized immature permanent teeth.

  5. Endometriosis in adolescence: A long-term follow-up fecundability assessment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Horowitz Gary M


    Full Text Available Abstract Objective A long-term, follow-up study comparing mild and severe forms of endometriosis and their fecundability, on 28 women diagnosed with endometriosis in adolescence. Methodology Twenty-eight patients were identified from a prospective cohort of 52 adolescents (ages 12 to 18 years with operative diagnosis of endometriosis between July 1993 and December 1995. All patients presented with chronic pelvic pain unresponsive to conservative medical management. Diagnosis of pregnancy was made by sonographic identification of intrauterine pregnancy, positive serum human chorionic gonadotropin or pathological confirmation of products of conception. Patients were categorized as fertile or sub-fertile by having > 12 months of unprotected intercourse without conception. Follow-up was done for 8.6 years. Results Staging of endometriosis was performed according to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine standards. Stage I = 14.3%; Stage II = 39.3%; Stage III = 42.8%; Stage IV = 3.6%. Fecundability rates in each stage were statistically significant: Stage I (75%, Stage II (55%, Stage III (25%, Stage IV (0% (p Conclusion In our cohort, even at the earliest point in the natural life cycle of endometriosis there is an inverse relationship between stage of disease at diagnosis and fecundability.

  6. Long-term follow-up of retinoblastoma survivors: Experience from India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachna Seth


    Full Text Available Background: Retinoblastoma (Rb is the most common primary intraocular tumor of infancy and childhood. Survivors' ocular and visual problems and increased risk for subsequent malignancy are well documented, but data on long-term health status of Rb survivors are limited, this being particularly true for India. Methodology: Children who had completed treatment for Rb at least 2 years ago before and were under follow-up at the after cancer treatment clinic were evaluated. Results: In our series of 213 patients, the median age was 29 months, there was a male preponderance, and majority had unilateral disease. Enucleation was done in almost three-fourth and 3% underwent bilateral enucleation. Majority of the patients received chemotherapy, and few received radiation. Growth was affected in about one-third and majority were those who had received radiation. Diminished vision was noticed in about one-sixth. Orbital hypoplasia and contracted socket were seen in 14.1% cases. 2.7% were hearing impaired. About one-sixth had a global intelligence delay. Second neoplasms were seen in 0.01%. No other abnormalities were seen. Conclusions: Common late effects in our Rb survivors include diminished vision in the salvage eye, intellectual disability, and contracted socket; there is a need for timely institution of prosthesis to avoid late effects such as hypoplasia, contracted sockets, and better cosmesis and enhanced self-esteem. Second neoplasm is a concern. Lifelong follow-up and counseling of a healthy lifestyle are needed for Rb survivors.

  7. Long-term follow-up of penile curvature correction utilizing autologous albugineal crural graft

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Teodósio Da Ros


    Full Text Available PURPOSE: Peyronie's disease is an acquired connective tissue disorder of the penile tunica albuginea with fibrosis and inflammation. The disease produces palpable plaques, penile curvature and pain during erections. Usually it results in impairment of the quality of life. Our objective is to review the long-term results of the albugineal grafting harvested from the penile crura for the treatment of severe penile curvature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-three patients with Peyronie's disease were submitted to a grafting with tunica albuginea from the penile crura for the correction of penile curvature. The results were evaluated after 6 months of the procedure. Variables studied were overall satisfaction with the procedure, correction of the penile curvature, erectile capacity, penile shortening and the presence of surgical complications. RESULTS: Mean follow-up after surgery was 41 months. Complete correction of the curvature was achieved in 30 patients (90%. The mean preoperative curvature was 91.8 degrees and median plaque length was 2 cm (ranged from 1 to 5 cm. Three patients (9% experienced recurrence of the penile curvature and required a new procedure. In 30 men (90% the procedure fulfilled their expectations and in 31 patients (93.9% their opinions were that sexual partners were satisfied with the penile correction. Penile shortening or augmentation was referred in 6 (18.1% and 1 (3% patient, respectively. CONCLUSION: Our series demonstrated that grafting the albugineal defect after incision of the tunica albuginea with tunica from the crus for the correction of penile curvature is safe and results in satisfactory straight erections duringa long-term follow-up.

  8. Long-term effect of high-dose supplementation with DHA on visual function at school age in children born at <33 wk gestational age: results from a follow-up of a randomized controlled trial. (United States)

    Molloy, Carly S; Stokes, Sacha; Makrides, Maria; Collins, Carmel T; Anderson, Peter J; Doyle, Lex W


    Children born preterm are at risk of visual-processing impairments. Several lines of evidence have contributed to the rationale that docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation of preterm infants may improve outcomes in visual processing. The aim was to determine whether at 7 y of age children who were born very preterm and who received a high-DHA diet have better visual-processing outcomes than do infants fed a standard-DHA diet. This was a follow-up study in a subgroup of children from a randomized controlled trial. Infants were randomly assigned to milk containing a higher concentration of DHA (1% of total fatty acids; high-DHA group) or a standard amount of DHA (0.2-0.3% of total fatty acids as DHA; control group). The randomization schedule was stratified by sex and birth weights of DHA group and 55 in the standard-DHA group) children aged 7 y were assessed on a range of visual-processing measures, including visual acuity, contrast sensitivity, vernier acuity, binocular stereopsis, and visual perception. There was no evidence of differences between the high-DHA and standard-DHA groups in any of the visual-processing measures. In the majority (12 of 13) of variables assessed, the direction of effect favored the control group. The study was large enough to detect a moderate treatment effect, if one truly existed. Supplementing human milk with DHA at a dose of ∼1% of total fatty acids given in the first months of life to very preterm infants does not appear to confer any long-term benefit for visual processing at school age. This trial was registered at as ACTRN12606000327583. © 2016 American Society for Nutrition.

  9. [Early invasive strategy no better than a selective invasive strategy for patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes and elevated cardiac troponin T levels: long-term follow-up results of the ICTUS trial]. (United States)

    Windhausen, F; Hirsch, A; Tijssen, J G P; Verheugt, F W A; Cornel, J H; de Winter, R J


    To determine whether routine coronary angiography followed by revascularisation where appropriate is better than initial drug treatment in patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (nSTE-ACS) and elevated troponin T concentrations. Multicentre randomised clinical trial (www.controlled-trials. com, number: SRCTN82153174). Patients with nSTE-ACS and elevated cardiac troponin were randomly assigned to an early invasive strategy or a selective invasive strategy. The early invasive strategy consisted of coronary angiography and revascularisation as indicated within 48 hours. The selective invasive strategy consisted of initial drug therapy; catheterisation was performed if the patient developed refractory angina or recurrent ischaemia. The main endpoints were a composite of death, recurrent myocardial infarction and rehospitalisation for anginal symptoms within 3 years, and all-cause mortality within 4 years. A total of 1200 patients were enrolled from 42 hospitals in the Netherlands. The in-hospital revascularisation rate was 76% in the early invasive group and 40% in the selective invasive group. After 3 years, the cumulative rate for the composite endpoint was 30.0% in the early invasive group and 26.0% in the selective invasive group (hazard ratio 1.21; 95% CI: 0.97-1.50; p = 0.09). The 4-year all-cause mortality rate was similar in both treatment groups (7.9% vs 7.7%; p = 0.62). Long-term follow-up of this trial suggests that an early invasive strategy is not better than a selective invasive strategy in patients with nSTE-ACS and elevated cardiac troponin. Therefore, implementation of either strategy is acceptable in these patients.

  10. Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma: Four Cases Required Caution during Long-Term Follow-Up

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hea Min Yu


    Full Text Available Due to the increased prevalence of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC, difficult cases and unexpected events have become more common during long-term follow-up. Herein we reported four cases that exhibited poor progress during long-term follow-up. All the cases were diagnosed with PTC and treated with total thyroidectomy before several years, and the patients had been newly diagnosed with recurrent and metastatic PTC. These four cases included recurred PTC with invasion of large blood vessels, a concomitant second malignancy, malignant transformation, and refractoriness to treatment. Physicians should closely monitor patients to promptly address unforeseen circumstances during PTC follow-up, including PTC recurrence and metastasis. Furthermore, we suggest that the development of a management protocol for refractory or terminal PTC is also warranted.

  11. Long-term follow-up after cognitive behaviour therapy for chronic fatigue syndrome. (United States)

    Janse, Anthonie; Nikolaus, Stephanie; Wiborg, Jan F; Heins, Marianne; van der Meer, Jos W M; Bleijenberg, Gijs; Tummers, Marcia; Twisk, Jos; Knoop, Hans


    Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) is an effective treatment for chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). Main aim was to determine whether treatment effects were maintained up to 10years after treatment. Participants (n=583) of previously published studies on the effects of CBT for CFS were contacted for a long-term follow-up assessment. They completed questionnaires on main outcomes fatigue severity (CIS) and physical functioning (SF-36). The course of these outcomes since post-treatment assessment was examined using mixed model analyses. Between 21 and 125months after finishing CBT, 511 persons (response rate 88%) completed a follow-up assessment. At follow-up, mean fatigue severity was significantly increased to 37.60 (SD=12.76) and mean physical functioning significantly decreased to 73.16 (SD=23.56) compared to post-treatment assessment. At follow-up still 37% of the participants had fatigue scores in the normal range and 70% were not impaired in physical functioning. Positive effects of CBT for CFS on fatigue and physical functioning were partly sustained at long-term follow-up. However, a subgroup of patients once again reported severe fatigue, and compromised physical functioning. Further research should elucidate the reasons for this deterioration to facilitate the development of treatment strategies for relapse prevention. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Long-term adherence to follow-up after treatment of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barken, Sidsel S; Lynge, Elsebeth; Andersen, Erik S.


    OBJECTIVE: To measure adherence to annual follow-up among women treated for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia. DESIGN: Prospective, population-based, register study. SETTING: Denmark, 1996-2007. POPULATION: All women treated for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia with conization. METHODS: Treated...... the recommended follow-up. We measured this cumulative proportion conservatively in 15-month intervals for 5 years. RESULTS: Adherence to annual follow-up among 45 984 treated women decreased gradually. In total, 90% of these women obtained at least one smear in the first post-treatment year, but only 40......% obtained the recommended tests for 5 years. Five-year adherence was substantially better outside the capital area, for example, the odds ratio for women from Jutland compared with women from the capital area was 1.70 (95% confidence interval 1.60-1.82). CONCLUSIONS: Adherence to follow-up after conization...

  13. [Long-term Follow up and patient satisfaction after tympanoplasty with Titanium Clip-Prothesis]. (United States)

    Wolferts, Guido; Schicke, Daniel; Delank, K-Wolfgang


    Aim of the present study is to evaluate the long term results of ossiculoplasty using titanium clip prosthesis. A retrospective analysis with prospective follow-up has been done including for all patients who had a Clip-PORP implanted between the years 2002-2013. Following this, audiometric hearing results were measured with clinical examination including otoscopy and quality of life evaluation using Glasgow benefit inventory. 48 patients (51 ears, 29 men, 19 women, average age 44.1 years) received followed up after an average duration of 6.3 years. The overall air-bone-gap (0.5-4 kHz) decreased from 22.8 dB preoperatively to 14.6 dB postoperatively (p≤0.001). The most frequent indication for surgical treatment were cholesteatomas and recurrent cholesteatomas (52%), chronic inflammation of middle ear (12%), revision of radical mastoidectomy (8%) and disturbance in sound conduction after previous operation (14%). Tympanic membrane was closed in 47 times (92,2%), 4 times (7,8%) there was a defect. Clip-PORP was in situ 39 times (75%), protrusion and disposal were detected 6 times (11,8%) and 2 times (4%), respectively. However, 1 time (2%) the prothesis was lost or evaluation was not possible (3 times, 5,9%). The overall patient satisfaction and general subscale score after the treatment was beneficially evaluated. There was no change in social support score nore the physical health score. In summary, the ossicular chain reconstruction using titan Clip-PORP is safe and well established. Also in long-term analysis stable hearing results due to reduction of air bone gap are represented. The subjective quality of life is sustainable improved. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  14. Evaluation of Follow-up Results in Children with Henoch-Schönlein Purpura

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    Dursun Eryılmaz


    Full Text Available Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate long-term follow-up results of children Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP. Methods: 102 children (66 boys and 36 girls with HSP followed up at Pediatric Department of Dicle University Faculty of Medicine between 1996 and 2002 were included. Demographic, clinical and laboratory characteristics of children, treatment modalities and complications were reviewed from the follow-up charts of patients. Fourty-eigth children who came to control after a period of 40.8±19.9 months underwent a thorough clinical and laboratory work up. Clinical and laboratory findings accompanying specific organ involvements were investigated. Results: In total, 91.2% had purpuric eruption, 62.7% had gastrointestinal system (GIS involvement, 28.4% had renal involvement and 43.1% had arthritis. Triggering factors were upper respiratory tract infection in 55%, vaccination in 2 and drugs in 2 patients. Gastrointestinal involvement was significantly more frequent in children with high immunglobulin A levels (p=0.012, renal involvement was significantly more frequent in children with high erythrocyte sedimentation rate (p=0.006. GIS involvement was more frequent in patients over 7 years (p<0.05. Significant correlations were found between renal involvement and leukocytosis, thrombocytosis and high C-reactive (41.2% with skin eruptions and in 33 (32.4% with abdominal discomfort. Symptoms and signs were relapsed two times in 12 patients and three times in 13. The existence of hypertension, older age, low C3 levels were found to be associated with renal involvement in logistic regression analysis (p<0.05. Conclusion: Increased IgA level and age over 7 were associated with GIS involvement, while high acute phase reactants and older age were found to be related with renal involvement. J Clin Exp Invest 2016; 7(4: 269-277.

  15. Long-term follow-up of individuals undergoing sex reassignment surgery: Psychiatric morbidity and mortality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simonsen, Rikke Kildevæld; Giraldi, Annamaria; Kristensen, Ellids


    Background: There is a lack of long-term register-based follow-up studies of sex-reassigned individuals concerning mortality and psychiatric morbidity. Accordingly, the present study investigated both mortality and psychiatric morbidity using a sample of individuals with transsexualism which...... comprised 98% (n = 104) of all individuals in Denmark. Aims: (1) To investigate psychiatric morbidity before and after sex reassignment surgery (SRS) among Danish individuals who underwent SRS during the period of 1978–2010. (2) To investigate mortality among Danish individuals who underwent SRS during...... the period of 1978–2010. Method: Psychiatric morbidity and mortality were identified by data from the Danish Psychiatric Central Research Register and the Cause of Death Register through a retrospective register study of 104 sex-reassigned individuals. Results: Overall, 27.9% of the sample were registered...

  16. Long term follow up study of survival associated with cleft lip and palate at birth

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Kaare; Juel, K.; Herskind, Anne Maria


    OBJECTIVE: To assess the overall and cause specific mortality of people from birth to 55 years with cleft lip and palate. DESIGN: Long term follow up study. SETTING: Danish register of deaths. PARTICIPANTS: People born with cleft lip and palate between 1943 and 1987, followed to 1998. MAIN OUTCOME...... MEASURES: Observed and expected numbers of deaths, summarised as overall and cause specific standardised mortality ratios. RESULTS: 5331 people with cleft lip and palate were followed for 170 421 person years. The expected number of deaths was 259, but 402 occurred, corresponding to a standardised...... of death. CONCLUSIONS: People with cleft lip and palate have increased mortality up to age 55. Children born with cleft lip and palate and possibly other congenital malformations may benefit from specific preventive health measures into and throughout adulthood....

  17. Tarlov cysts: long-term follow-up after microsurgical inverted plication and sacroplasty. (United States)

    Weigel, Ralf; Polemikos, Manolis; Uksul, Nesrin; Krauss, Joachim K


    Surgical treatment of Tarlov cysts is still a matter of debate. Published literature thus far includes mainly small case series with retrospective evaluation and short-term follow-up. We present a novel microsurgical technique that combines the decompression of the nerve fibers with the prevention of recurrence. The long-term follow-up is provided. The indication for surgery was incapacitating pain refractory to medical therapy for at least 6 months. The surgical technique consisted in microsurgical opening of the cyst, relief of CSF followed by secured inverted plication of the cyst wall, packing of remnant space with fat graft, and sacroplasty. Pain and neurological deficits were evaluated according to a modified Barrow National Institute score (BNI score, 0-5) and the Departmental Neuro Score (DNS score, 0-20). A total of 13 patients (9 women, 4 men) were operated and followed up to 14 years (mean FU 5.3 years). Mean age at surgery was 51.8 (±14) years. Pain and neurological deficits improved significantly in 11/13 patients (BNI score pre-OP 5 vs 3.1 ± 1.2 at 1-year-FU, and 2.8 ± 1.2 at last follow-up visit; DNS score pre-OP 5.5 ± 1.5 vs 2.8 ± 2.1 at 1-year follow-up, and 2.6 ± 2.2 at last follow-up visit. Two patients needed revision surgery due to reoccurrence of the cyst. One patient suffered deterioration of preexisting neurological deficit. The inverted plication technique combined with sacroplasty is a promising technique. It improves pain and neurological deficits on the long term in the majority of patients with symptomatic Tarlov cysts.

  18. Long-Term Follow-Up of Microvascular Decompression for Trigeminal Neuralgia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oesman, Chenur; Mooij, Jan Jakob A.

    We conducted a study to evaluate the follow-up characteristics of patients with trigeminal neuralgia (TN) and to evaluate the factors affecting long-term outcome of microvascular decompression (MVD) in TN. Between 1983 and 2003, 156 patients with TN treated with MVD by 4 neurosurgeons at University

  19. Long-term follow-up after liver transplantation for erythropoietic protoporphyria

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meerman, L; Haagsma, EB; Gouw, ASH; Slooff, MJH; Jansen, PLM

    Objective Erythropoietic protoporphyria (EPP) is an inherited disorder of haem synthesis, causing excess of protoporphyrin in blood, skin, liver and other organs, Protoporphyrin causes rapidly progressive liver failure in a minority of EPP patients. Long-term follow-up after liver transplantation

  20. Long-term follow-up of patients with surgical intractable acromegaly after linear accelerator radiosurgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiun-Lin Yan


    Conclusion: In comparison to other radiosurgery modalities, LINAC radiosurgery also provides a satisfactory outcome. SRS has maximum effect over the first 2 years and stabilizes after 7.5 years. Moreover, SRS elicits long-term biochemical effects and requires longer follow-up for better biochemical remission.

  1. Association between Escherichia coli bacteriuria and renal function in women - Long-term follow-up

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meiland, Ruby; Stolk, Ronald P.; Geerlings, Suzanne E.; Peeters, Petra H. M.; Grobbee, Diederick E.; Coenjaerts, Frank E. J.; Brouwer, Ellen C.; Hoepelman, Andy I. M.


    Background: We sought to investigate whether Escherichia coli bacteriuria is associated with a decline in renal function or with the development of end-stage renal failure after long-term follow-up. Methods: We performed a full cohort analysis for women who participated in 2 population-based

  2. Long-term follow-up after liver transplantation for erythropoietic protoporphyria

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meerman, L.; Haagsma, E. B.; Gouw, A. S.; Slooff, M. J.; Jansen, P. L.


    Erythropoietic protoporphyria (EPP) is an inherited disorder of haem synthesis, causing excess of protoporphyrin in blood, skin, liver and other organs. Protoporphyrin causes rapidly progressive liver failure in a minority of EPP patients. Long-term follow-up after liver transplantation for EPP is

  3. Long-term Follow-up with AlloDerm in Breast Reconstruction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard A. Baxter, MD, FACS


    Full Text Available Summary: Little is known about the long-term fate of acellular dermal matrices in breast implant surgery. A 12-year follow-up case with tissue analysis of AlloDerm in revision breast reconstruction reveals retention of graft volume and integration with an organized collagen structure, minimal capsule formation, and little or no indication of inflammation.

  4. Long-term follow-up after urethral injection with polyacrylamide hydrogel for female stress incontinence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mouritsen, Lone; Lose, Gunnar; Møller-Bek, Karl


    Urethral injection therapy for treatment of stress urinary incontinence has been in use for years, but only a few long-term follow-up studies have been published. Twenty-five women, injected with polyacrylamide hydrogel 8 years earlier, were invited for follow-up. Twenty-four could be contacted; 15...... had had no further treatment, seven had been re-operated with placement of mid-urethral slings, and two had been re-injected with polyacrylamide hydrogel. Eleven women attended for objective examination; all non-attenders were interviewed by telephone. Subjectively, in 44% the stress incontinence...

  5. Factor analysis of recurrent biliary events in long-term follow up of gallstone pancreatitis. (United States)

    Lee, Ji Min; Chung, Woo Chul; Sung, Hea Jung; Kim, Yeon-Ji; Youn, Gun Jung; Jung, Yun Duk; Choi, Sooa; Jeon, Eun Jung


    Recurrent attacks after acute gallstone pancreatitis (GSP) are substantial problems, together with associated morbidity and mortality. The recommended therapies for recurrent attacks are cholecystectomy and endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST). This study aimed to evaluate the long-term results of cholecystectomy and EST after clinical improvement of GSP. A consecutive series of patients who were admitted with GSP from January 2003 to December 2014 were analyzed. Patients were categorized into three treatment subgroups: cholecystectomy (n = 53), EST (n = 51) and conservative care (n = 67). A total of 171 patients were enrolled. The mean follow-up period was 58 months (range 6-125 months). The pancreatitis-induced in-hospital mortality rate was 1.5%. The cholecystectomy and EST groups had a significantly lower frequency of recurrent pancreatitis than the conservative care group (P pancreatitis, there was no significant difference between the cholecystectomy with and without EST subgroups. With respect to total recurrent biliary events, the cholecystectomy group was superior to the EST only group (P < 0.01). In patients receiving definitive treatment (cholecystectomy with or without EST), the presence of common bile duct (CBD) stone was an independent risk factor for recurrent biliary events (P < 0.01). In the long-term follow up of GSP, cholecystectomy can offer better protection against recurrent biliary events than EST only. The presence of CBD stones at time of definitive therapy might be a risk factor for recurrent biliary events. © 2016 Chinese Medical Association Shanghai Branch, Chinese Society of Gastroenterology, Renji Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine and John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.

  6. Refraction in juvenile chronic arthritis: a long-term follow-up study, with emphasis on myopia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fledelius, H; Zak, M; Pedersen, F K


    Assessment of refraction anomalies in juvenile chronic arthritis (JCA) on a long-term follow-up basis.......Assessment of refraction anomalies in juvenile chronic arthritis (JCA) on a long-term follow-up basis....

  7. Long-Term Follow-Up of a Revascularized Immature Necrotic Tooth Evaluated by CBCT

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    C. M. L. She


    Full Text Available This case study reports the successful treatment of an immature upper premolar with periapical pathosis and sinus tract using revascularization technique. Clinical and radiographic examination demonstrated the recovery of vitality, continued root development, and periapical healing at the 7-month follow-up. In addition, severe calcification of the canal was noted at the 36-month follow-up. At the 66-month follow-up, cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT revealed complete periapical healing, apical closure, increase in root length and thickness of dentin, and severe calcification of the root canal. Even though the nature of tissue within the root canal is unknown, revascularization appears to give good clinical and radiographic success. This case report highlights that severe calcification of the canal is one of the long-term outcomes of revascularized root canals.

  8. The importance of complete follow-up for results after femoro-infrapopliteal vascular surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, L P; Nielsen, O M; Schroeder, T V


    postoperatively and 100% follow-up was obtained. After completion of the trial we calculated the patency and survival rates using life-table methods and compared the results based on the vascular registry with those achieved in the clinical trial. RESULTS: Comparing the results from the two databases revealed...... to follow-up according to the vascular registry database and the fact that these patients turned out to have a significantly increased rate of graft thrombosis, limb amputation and death, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Life-table statistics may inadvertently become unreliable if a large proportion of patients...... is lost to follow-up, since failure to examine the patient for any reason may be related to the patients health. In addition to the number of patients at risk, it is suggested, that life-table plots should be supplemented with information on the number of patients lost to follow-up....

  9. Design and initial results of a programme for routine standardised longitudinal follow-up after congenital heart surgery. (United States)

    Pasquali, Sara K; Ravishankar, Chitra; Romano, Jennifer C; Kane, Kristin; Viers, Suzanne; Kennedy, Andrea; Burnham, Nancy; Lowery, Ray; Uzark, Karen; Retzloff, Lauren; Rome, Jonathon J; Rossano, Joseph W; Charpie, John R; Spray, Thomas L; Gaies, Michael G; Ohye, Richard G; Gaynor, J William


    With improvements in early survival following congenital heart surgery, it has become increasingly important to understand longer-term outcomes; however, routine collection of these data is challenging and remains very limited. We describe the development and initial results of a collaborative programme incorporating standardised longitudinal follow-up into usual care at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) and University of Michigan (UM). We included children undergoing benchmark operations of the Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Considerations regarding personnel, patient/parent engagement, funding, regulatory issues, and annual data collection are described, and initial follow-up rates are reported. The present analysis included 1737 eligible patients undergoing surgery at CHOP from January 2007 to December 2014 and 887 UM patients from January 2010 to December 2014. Overall, follow-up data, of any type, were obtained from 90.8% of patients at CHOP (median follow-up 4.3 years, 92.2% survival) and 98.3% at UM (median follow-up 2.8 years, 92.7% survival), with similar rates across operations and institutions. Most patients lost to follow-up at CHOP had undergone surgery before 2010. Standardised questionnaires assessing burden of disease/quality of life were completed by 80.2% (CHOP) and 78.4% (UM) via phone follow-up. In subsequent pilot testing of an automated e-mail system, 53.4% of eligible patients completed the follow-up questionnaire through this system. Standardised follow-up data can be obtained on the majority of children undergoing benchmark operations. Ongoing efforts to support automated electronic systems and integration with registry data may reduce resource needs, facilitate expansion across centres, and support multi-centre efforts to understand and improve long-term outcomes in this population.

  10. Medium term follow-up of the AES ankle prosthesis: High rate of asymptomatic osteolysis. (United States)

    Rodriguez, Dante; Bevernage, Bernhard Devos; Maldague, Pierre; Deleu, Paul-André; Tribak, Karim; Leemrijse, Thibaut


    The AES (Ankle Evolutive System) is a cobalt-chromium three-component ankle prosthesis with a hydroxyapatite coating, similar to the Buechel-Pappas ankle prosthesis, but with some modifications. Our objective was to assess its medium term follow-up results as well as its complications. 21 patients (mean age of 57.6 years) were operated by a total ankle arthroplasty (TAA), using the AES implant, according to the standard technique. Only 18 patients were included. The other three patients were excluded from the study: two had been revised for avascular talar necrosis and one patient was happy with her outcome but could not present for logistic reasons at the last follow-up. Indications for surgery included posttraumatic osteoarthritis, primary osteoarthritis, hemochromatosis, rheumatic arthritis and osteoarthritis as a sequel of ankle instability. All patients were analyzed clinically and radiologically. Special attention was given to the presence or not of areas of osteolysis around the implants as well on conventional radiography as on CT-scan imaging, according to a specific protocol. The mean follow-up was 39.4 months. Average American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot score improved from 52.2 preoperatively to 86.6 postoperatively. No intra-operative complications or early complications have been noted. Delayed complications were the following: one valgus malalignment, one recurrent painful anterior heterotrophic bone formation. Above all, we noted on conventional X-ray the presence of osteolysis in 77% (14) of our patients, with a size of 0.5-1cm or greater on conventional X-ray. The most vulnerable area seemed to be the posterior tibial plafond. The four remaining patients did not show any cyst formation on X-ray but did also, just as the other 14 patients, on the CT-scan. CT-scan, on the contrary, found more osteolysis in the body of the talus, underneath the implant, an area masked on conventional X-ray. Only one patient was revised

  11. Radiofrequency Ablation of Renal Tumors: Four-Year Follow-Up Results in 47 Patients

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    Kim, Soo Dong; Yoon, Seong Guk; Sung, Gyung Tak [Dong-A University College of Medicine, Busan (Korea, Republic of)


    To retrospectively evaluate the intermediate results of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of small renal masses (SRMs). Percutaneous or laparoscopic RFA was performed on 48 renal tumors in 47 patients. The follow-up studies included a physical examination, chest radiography, creatinine level, and contrast-enhanced CT or MRI. To confirm the pathologic criteria of complete ablation, 35 patients underwent a follow-up biopsy. Recurrence was defined as contrast enhancement on imaging studies after 3 months, lesion growth at subsequent imaging, or viable cancer cells on follow-up biopsy. Technical success was achieved in 43 (89.6%) of 48 renal tumors. The mean tumor size was 2.3 cm and the mean follow-up period was 49.6 months. Repeated RFA was necessary in 5 tumors due to incomplete ablation. The overall complication rate was 35.8%, of which 96.2% were mild complications. Serum creatinine levels at 12 months after RFA did not differ from those before RFA (1.28 vs. 1.36 mg/dL). Four patients were found to have recurrence at various follow-up intervals, and distant metastasis was not found in any cases. RFA appears to be a useful treatment for selected patients with SRMs. Our 4-year follow-up results disclose an excellent therapeutic outcome with RFA, while achieving effective local tumor control.

  12. A long-term follow-up study of subtotal splenectomy in children with hereditary spherocytosis. (United States)

    Rosman, C W K; Broens, P M A; Trzpis, M; Tamminga, R Y J


    Hereditary spherocytosis (HS) is a heterogeneous hemolytic anemia treated with splenectomy in patients suffering from severe or moderate disease. Total splenectomy, however, renders patients vulnerable to overwhelming postsplenectomy infection despite preventive measures. Although subtotal splenectomy has been advocated as an alternative to total splenectomy, long-term follow-up data are scarce. We investigated how often hematologic recurrences requiring secondary total splenectomy occurred. With a follow-up of at least 5 years, we analyzed the data of 12 patients, aged 11 years maximum (median 6.5 years), who had undergone intended subtotal splenectomy, and 9 patients (median age 11.9 years), who had undergone total splenectomy. We compared their hematologic results and searched for factors associated with secondary spleen surgery. Hemolysis was reduced after subtotal splenectomy and absent after total splenectomy. Subtotal splenectomy was not successful in three children because no functional splenic remnant remained after 6 months (one conversion at surgery; one necrosis of splenic remnant; one early secondary splenectomy). Four children required secondary splenectomy after a median of 5 years for hematologic recurrence. In the remaining five patients, a functional splenic remnant was present for at least 5.5 years. The median time to secondary total splenectomy after intended subtotal splenectomy was 5.2 years. In all patients requiring secondary total splenectomy, increased reticulocyte levels within 2 years indicated hematologic recurrence. Subtotal splenectomy can be an alternative for total splenectomy in young patients with HS. It allows for hematologic improvement and may preserve splenic immune function for as many as 5 years. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  13. Stable Atrial Sensing on Long-Term Follow Up of VDD Pacemakers

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    Ashok Shah


    Full Text Available Background: The hemodynamic advantages of maintaining AV synchrony through AV synchronous pacing are widely known as compared to single chamber pacing. DDD pacemaker implantation entails higher cost and is technically more challenging than the VDD pacemaker. Methods: Seventy one patients underwent VDD lead (Biotronik GmbH, St. Jude Medical and Medtronic Inc. implantation at KEM hospital, Mumbai during a period of 3 years through subclavian, axillary and cephalic routes for degenerative, post-surgical or congenital high grade atrioventricular or complete heart block. They were followed up regularly for ventricular threshold and P wave amplitude of the floating atrial dipole. Results: Follow up data of almost 95% of patients is available for a period of 15.8 ± 6.7 months. P wave amplitude at implant was 2.1 ± 0.7mV and at follow up 1.1 ± 0.6mV with mean ventricular threshold of <0.5V at implant and <1V at follow-up. Conclusion: Implantation of a single lead VDD pacemaker is possible in all patients with symptomatic AV block and intact sinus node function without any technical complications. P wave sensing is reliable and consistent with floating atrial lead at an average follow up of 15.8 months, providing an excellent alternative to DDD pacemaker implantation.

  14. Long-term follow-up after gene therapy for canavan disease. (United States)

    Leone, Paola; Shera, David; McPhee, Scott W J; Francis, Jeremy S; Kolodny, Edwin H; Bilaniuk, Larissa T; Wang, Dah-Jyuu; Assadi, Mitra; Goldfarb, Olga; Goldman, H Warren; Freese, Andrew; Young, Deborah; During, Matthew J; Samulski, R Jude; Janson, Christopher G


    Canavan disease is a hereditary leukodystrophy caused by mutations in the aspartoacylase gene (ASPA), leading to loss of enzyme activity and increased concentrations of the substrate N-acetyl-aspartate (NAA) in the brain. Accumulation of NAA results in spongiform degeneration of white matter and severe impairment of psychomotor development. The goal of this prospective cohort study was to assess long-term safety and preliminary efficacy measures after gene therapy with an adeno-associated viral vector carrying the ASPA gene (AAV2-ASPA). Using noninvasive magnetic resonance imaging and standardized clinical rating scales, we observed Canavan disease in 28 patients, with a subset of 13 patients being treated with AAV2-ASPA. Each patient received 9 × 10(11) vector genomes via intraparenchymal delivery at six brain infusion sites. Safety data collected over a minimum 5-year follow-up period showed a lack of long-term adverse events related to the AAV2 vector. Posttreatment effects were analyzed using a generalized linear mixed model, which showed changes in predefined surrogate markers of disease progression and clinical assessment subscores. AAV2-ASPA gene therapy resulted in a decrease in elevated NAA in the brain and slowed progression of brain atrophy, with some improvement in seizure frequency and with stabilization of overall clinical status.

  15. Long-term follow-up of Norwegian horses affected with acquired equine polyneuropathy. (United States)

    Hanche-Olsen, S; Kielland, C; Ihler, C F; Hultin Jäderlund, K


    Acquired equine polyneuropathy (AEP), a neurological disease clinically characterised by knuckling of metatarsophalangeal joints, has been described in numerous Nordic horses during the last 20 years. Although clinical recovery has been reported, large-scale data on long-term follow-up of survivors have been lacking. To describe long-term survival of AEP affected horses registered in Norway, with a focus on athletic performance and possible residual clinical signs connected to the disease. A retrospective cohort study. The study includes 143 horses recorded with AEP in Norway from 2000 to 2012, with the follow-up period continuing until 2015. Participating owners of survivors completed a standardised questionnaire, providing information on disease and convalescence, management, performance-level and possible residual clinical signs. To investigate the follow-up of survivors, we performed 2 multivariable linear regression models. The follow-up time of survivors was 1.0-14.5 years (median 5.3, interquartile range 2.5-7.2). Fifty-seven horses survived and all but 3 horses returned to previous or higher level of performance. However, possible disease-related residual clinical signs were reported in 14/57 horses. Forty-nine of the survivors were in athletic use at time of contact. The majority of survivors were categorised with low severity-grades at time of diagnosis and the initial grade was significantly associated with time to resumed training. Only 3 horses had experienced relapse/new attack during the follow-up period. Athletic performance was judged by owners, which renders a possible source of bias. Although AEP is a potential fatal disease, most survivors will recover and return to minimum previous level of athletic performance. Some horses display residual clinical signs, but often without negative effect on performance and relapse of disease is rare. © 2017 EVJ Ltd.

  16. Essential infantile esotropia with inferior oblique hyperfunction: long term follow-up of 6 muscles approach. (United States)

    Magli, Adriano; Carelli, Roberta; Chiariello Vecchio, Elisabetta; Esposito, Francesca; Rombetto, Luca; Esposito Veneruso, Paolo


    To evaluate long term follow-up (10y) of 6 muscle surgical approach in essential infantile esotropia (EIE). A 6 muscle approach to EIE was retrospectively evaluated in patients with inferior oblique (IO) hyperfunction and lateral rectus (LR) pseudoparalysis, who underwent surgery at different ages. Different clinical characters were analyzed pre- and postoperatively, in patients who underwent a 6 muscles approach ≤4 years of age. All patients underwent a multiple muscles approach: bilateral medial recti (MR) recession (4-5 mm), bilateral LR resection (lower than 7 mm) and bilateral IO recession and anteroposition. Of 108 children with preoperative angle ≥+30 prism diopters (PD) and IO hyperfunction were selected from larger cohort of patients (n=213, 103 females and 110 males) after excluding patients with: angle variability, who underwent reoperation and with incomplete follow up. Preoperative assessment and complete orthoptic examination were performed. Follow-up was performed 3mo, 2, 5 and 10y after surgery. Statistical analysis was performes using SAS statistical software package (version 9.1, SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA). Ten years follow up data analysis showed the following percentage of orthotropic patients: (0 PD): 3mo, 22.2%; 2y, 16.7%; 5y, 25.0% and 10y, 27.8%. A slight, significant (Pmuscles surgical approach in the treatment of patients affected by EIE with OI hyperfunction.

  17. Risk of leukaemia following intravenous treatment with {sup 224}Ra - results of a long term follow-up study of ankylosing spondylitis patients; Leukaemierisiko nach intravenoeser {sup 224}Ra-Behandlung - Ergebnisse einer Langzeitstudie an Bechterew-Patienten

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    Wick, R.R. [GSF - Forschungszentrum fuer Umwelt und Gesundheit Neuherberg GmbH, Oberschleissheim (Germany). Inst. fuer Strahlenbiologie; Chmelevsky, D. [GSF - Forschungszentrum fuer Umwelt und Gesundheit Neuherberg GmbH, Oberschleissheim (Germany). Inst. fuer Strahlenschutz; Goessner, W. [GSF - Forschungszentrum fuer Umwelt und Gesundheit Neuherberg GmbH, Oberschleissheim (Germany). Inst. fuer Pathologie


    In an epidemiological study of the somatic late effects risk following incorporation of a short lived {alpha}-emitter, 1473 ankylosing spondylitis patients treated with repeated intravenous injections of {sup 224}Ra in the years 1948 - 75, have been observed in the GSF. The usual therapeutic plan consisted of a total of 10 - 12 injections of 1.036 MBq (28 {mu}Ci) of {sup 224}Ra each, given at weekly intervals; this would result in an cumulative {alpha}-dose of 0.56 - 0.67 Gy to the marrow-free skeleton of a 70-kg-man (standard man). These patients have been followed together with a control group of ankylosing spondylitis patients not treated with radioactive drugs and/or X-rays. Until May 1993 (mean follow-up time 19.9 yr), 595 patients of the exposure group and 722 patients of the control group have died, causes of death have been ascertained for 578, resp. 668 patients. Among others we observed in the exposure group 10 cases of leukaemia (vs. 2.7 - 2.8 cases expected, p < 0.001) and 6 cases of leukaemia in the control group (vs. 3.3 - 3.5 exp., p = 0.14). Subclassification of the leukaemias shows a clear preference for chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) in the exposure group (4 cases obs. vs. 0.8 cases exp., p = 0.009), whereas in the control group the observed cases of CML are within the range of expectancy. Similar observations have not been made in another group of patients, now observed by Spiess and co-workers, who have been treated at a higher dose/dose rate range. This increased incidence of leukaemias in our exposure group is in one line with results from animal experiments with bone seeking {alpha}-emitters given at low dose rates. The induction of myeloid leukaemia has been demonstrated in mice down to dose rates of only a few mGy/day also for {sup 239}Pu, an {alpha}-emitter which like {sup 224}Ra deposits preferentially on the bone surface. (orig.) [Deutsch] Im Rahmen einer epidemiologischen Studie zum somatischen Strahlenspaetschadenrisiko nach

  18. Resultados alejados de la resección local transanal para cánceres de recto bajo bien seleccionados Results of long-term follow-up after local excision for well-selected low rectal cancers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Contreras


    findings; pathological specimens were 4 T1, 13 T2 and 4 T3 tumors. None of the T1 patients received another treatment; 6 out of 13 T2 and all of T3 cases were treated with chemoradiotherapy. None of the latter underwent radical surgery. Results: follow-up (median 74 months proved 23.8% for total recurrence and 19.0% for local failure (out of all 3 T2 cases only one received chemoradiotherapy, and one T3 received adjuvant treatment. Five-year survival is 95.2%. Conclusions: this experience allows us to assert that local excision is a good choice in well-selected low rectal cancer patients; for T2 tumors chemoradiotherapy is necessary; in T3 patients radical surgery must be prompt.

  19. Consequences of sarcopenia among nursing home residents at long-term follow-up. (United States)

    Henwood, Tim; Hassan, Bothaina; Swinton, Paul; Senior, Hugh; Keogh, Justin

    The consequences of and transition into sarcopenia with long-term survival was investigated in the nursing home setting. Eligible residents from 11 nursing homes were followed-up 18-months after their assessment for sarcopenia using the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People criteria, with other demographic, physical and cognitive health measures collected. Of the 102 older adults who consented at baseline, 22 had died and 58 agreed to participate at follow-up, 51.7% of whom had sarcopenic. Sarcopenia at baseline was associated with a depression (p sarcopenia is high and increases with long-term survival in end-of-life care. However, the risk of sarcopenia-related mortality is not as great as from increasing age alone. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Growth and development after oesophageal atresia surgery: Need for long-term multidisciplinary follow-up. (United States)

    IJsselstijn, Hanneke; Gischler, Saskia J; Toussaint, Leontien; Spoel, Marjolein; Zijp, Monique H M van der Cammen-van; Tibboel, Dick


    Survival rates in oesophageal atresia patients have reached over 90%. In long-term follow-up studies the focus has shifted from purely surgical or gastrointestinal evaluation to a multidisciplinary approach. We reviewed the literature on the long-term morbidity of these patients and discuss mainly issues of physical growth and neurodevelopment. We conclude that growth problems - both stunting and wasting - are frequently seen, but that sufficient longitudinal data are lacking. Therefore, it is unclear whether catch-up growth into adolescence and adulthood occurs. Data on determinants of growth retardation are also lacking in current literature. Studies on neurodevelopment beyond preschool age are scarce but oesophageal atresia patients seem at risk for academic problems and motor function delay. Many factors contribute to the susceptibility to growth and development problems and we propose a multidisciplinary follow-up schedule into adulthood future care which may help improve quality of life. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. Rehabilitative treatments for chronic fatigue syndrome: long-term follow-up from the PACE trial. (United States)

    Sharpe, Michael; Goldsmith, Kimberley A; Johnson, Anthony L; Chalder, Trudie; Walker, Jane; White, Peter D


    The PACE trial found that, when added to specialist medical care (SMC), cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), or graded exercise therapy (GET) were superior to adaptive pacing therapy (APT) or SMC alone in improving fatigue and physical functioning in people with chronic fatigue syndrome 1 year after randomisation. In this pre-specified follow-up study, we aimed to assess additional treatments received after the trial and investigate long-term outcomes (at least 2 years after randomisation) within and between original treatment groups in those originally included in the PACE trial. The PACE trial was a parallel-group randomised controlled trial of patients meeting Oxford criteria for chronic fatigue syndrome who were recruited from six secondary care clinics in the UK between March 18, 2005, and Nov 28, 2008. Participants were randomly allocated to receive SMC alone or plus APT, CBT, or GET. Primary outcomes (were fatigue measured with Chalder fatigue questionnaire score and physical functioning with short form-36 subscale score, assessed 1 year after randomisation. In this long-term follow-up, we sent postal questionnaires to assess treatment received after the trial and outcomes a minimum of 2 years after randomisation. We assessed long-term differences in outcomes within and between originally randomised groups. The PACE trial is registered at, number ISRCTN54285094. Between May 8, 2008, and April 26, 2011, 481 (75%) participants from the PACE trial returned questionnaires. Median time from randomisation to return of long-term follow-up assessment was 31 months (IQR 30-32; range 24-53). 210 (44%) participants received additional treatment (mostly CBT or GET) after the trial; with participants originally assigned to SMC alone (73 [63%] of 115) or APT (60 [50%] of 119) more likely to seek treatment than those originally assigned to GET (41 [32%] of 127) or CBT (36 [31%] of 118; pfatigue and physical functioning reported by participants originally

  2. Long-term follow-up of neuroblastoma-associated opsoclonus-myoclonus-ataxia syndrome. (United States)

    De Grandis, E; Parodi, S; Conte, M; Angelini, P; Battaglia, F; Gandolfo, C; Pessagno, A; Pistoia, V; Mitchell, W G; Pike, M; Haupt, R; Veneselli, E


    The aim of this study is to describe the long-term neurological, neuropsychological and neuroradiological sequelae and to determine prognostic factors for neurological outcome in children with neuroblastoma-associated opsoclonus-myoclonus-ataxia (OMA) syndrome. Data on medical history were collected for the study patients. Examinations with grading of neurological signs, neuropsychological tests and brain magnetic resonance imaging with spectroscopy were performed during a follow-up clinic. Fourteen subjects entered the study. All had localized neuroblastoma and they were evaluated after a median of 7.8 years. Patients with a chronic/multiphasic neurological course received steroids combined with intravenous immunoglobulins in the majority of cases. 71% presented neurological sequelae and 62% had a full-scale IQ below the normal range. All patients showed at least some deficit in the neuropsychological functions assessed (language, visual-motor integration, memory, attention and motor ability). Long-term deficits were more frequently detected in patients with an interval of more than 2 months between OMA onset and its diagnosis, even if in most comparisons statistical significance was not reached. Cerebellar atrophy, observed in 36% of patients, was not associated with the neurological outcome. Persisting disability is present in most children with neuroblastoma-associated OMA. However, our results support the role of an early diagnosis of OMA in reducing sequelae and encourage the use of new immunosuppressive therapies.

  3. Cherubism: long-term follow-up of 2 patients in whom it regressed without treatment. (United States)

    Silva, Guilherme Costa Carvalho; Gomez, Ricardo Santiago; Vieira, Tainah Couto; Silva, Edgard Carvalho


    Cherubism is a rare hereditary, self-limiting fibrous dysplasia characterised by painless enlargement of the jaws in childhood. Although, it is accepted that the lesions of cherubism are eventually replaced by bone, there have been few long-term follow-up reports with clinicoradiographic documentation of spontaneous remission of the disease, without treatment. We report two cases of cherubic boys who were followed for 17 and 19 years. Clinicoradiographic examination during this period showed regression of the disease without surgical correction.

  4. Long-term follow-up on Cushing disease patient after transsphenoidal surgery


    Jeong, Insook; Oh, Moonyeon; Kim, Ja Hye; Cho, Ja Hyang; Choi, Jin-Ho; Yoo, Han-Wook


    Cushing disease is caused by excessive adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) production by the pituitary adenoma. Transsphenoidal surgery is its first-line treatment. The incidence of Cushing disease in children and adolescents is so rare that long-term prognoses have yet to be made in most cases. We followed-up on a 16-year-old male Cushing disease patient who presented with rapid weight gain and growth retardation. The laboratory findings showed increased 24-hour urine free cortisol and lack o...

  5. Long term follow up of patients with early onset anorexia nervosa.


    Bryant-Waugh, R; Knibbs, J; Fosson, A; Kaminski, Z; Lask, B


    A long term follow up (mean 7.2 years) of 30 children with anorexia nervosa (mean age at onset 11.7 years) was carried out. The outcome was good in only 18 (60%), 10 children remaining moderately to severely impaired and two died. Poor prognostic factors included early age at onset (less than 11 years), depression during the illness, disturbed family life and one parent families, and those in which one or both parents had been married before.

  6. Sialoblastoma- long-term follow-up and remission for a rare salivary malignancy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Linda Granowetter


    Full Text Available Sialoblastoma is a rare salivary neoplasm which presents either congenitally or during early infancy. It was originally considered a benign neoplasm, however a number of reported cases have documented locoregional recurrence and distant metastases. Currently, there is no consensus on the appropriate treatment for this neoplasm. We report on long term follow-up of a patient with metastatic sialoblastoma, and a brief discussion of the possible treatment modalities currently being considered.

  7. Management of nucleus loss into the vitreous: long term follow up in 63 patients (United States)

    Romero-Aroca, Pedro; Fernández-Ballart, Juan; Méndez-Marín, Isabel; Salvat-Serra, Merce; Baget-Bernaldiz, Marc; Buil-Calvo, Jose A


    Background: The aim of present study is to determine the long-term results of patients who undergo pars plana vitrectomy after retained nucleus into the vitreous. Setting: Service of Ophthalmology, Hospital Universitari St Joan, Reus (Barcelona), Spain. Methods: Retrospective, noncomparative, consecutive case series. Medical records were reviewed of all patients who underwent pars plana vitrectomy for retained nucleus into the vitreous after complicated cataract surgery, over a 9-year period between August 1, 1997 and July 31, 2005. Result: The incidence of retained lens fragments was 0.57% (63 patients), the postoperative visual acuity was higher than 20/40 in 59.60% and fell to 48.93% by the end of the study, and was related to the presence of CME and retinal detachment. The CME appeared in 31.91% of the patients and was related to preoperative uveitis an corneal edema. In the group of patients on whom the vitrectomy was performed at the time of cataract complication, visual acuity was higher than 20/40 in 77.77%, and no one developed secondary glaucoma or uveitis. Conclusion: Being retrospective, our study was not result conclusive. Despite the initial good results of these patients after PPV surgery, follow-up should be accurate and over a long period of time in order to minimize postoperative complications such as retinal detachment, retinal breaks, secondary glaucoma and CME. PMID:19668529

  8. Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy: A Long Term Follow-up Shows Benefit with Risk Factor Reduction

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    Koroush Khalighi


    Full Text Available Only sparse data was available on long-term of Takotusbo Cardiomyopathy (TC. Previous studies suggested prognosis is not necessarily benign. We report the long-term follow-up of 12 TC patients actively managed with risk factor reduction. Retrospective analysis of all patients diagnosed with TC at our hospital between 1998 and 2010. We identified 12 patients with TC among 1651 cases of emergent left heart catheterization over 12 years. Mean follow-up time was 8.3 ± 3.6 years. All were female, 87% had hypertension, 25% had history of Coronary Artery Disease (CAD, 67% had hyperlipidemia, 44% had some preceding emotional trauma, and 44% had some physical/physiological stress. Previous studies have shown that over 50% of TC patients experience future cardiac events, and 10% have a recurrence of TC. Patients were prescribed therapeutic lifestyle changes (TLC and guideline directed medical therapy (GDMT for aggressive risk factor reduction. TLC included diet, exercise, and cardiac rehabilitation. GDMT often included aspirin, beta-blockers, ACE-inhibitors, and statins. Follow-up echocardiograms showed recovery and maintenance of the ejection fraction. There was no cardiac mortality and no recurrences of TC. Aggressive risk factor reduction with TLC and GDMT may be effective in improving the long term outcomes of patients with TC.

  9. Long-term follow-up with Ross procedure at a single institution in China. (United States)

    Xu, Zhiwei; Li, Wenbin; Xu, Xiufang; Zhou, Zifan; Song, Shiqiu; Ma, Jinghui; Zhang, Jianqun


    Although the Ross operation requires double-valve replacement for aortic valve disease, it has been shown to provide excellent hemodynamic results and is associated with low morbidity and mortality rates. We reviewed our long-term experience after completion of the Ross procedure. Between October 1994 and February 2009, 58 consecutive patients underwent a Ross procedure at our institution. The right ventricular outñow tract was repaired with a cryopreserved pulmonary homograft. All patients were scheduled for a yearly study thereafter that ended at the time of death or at closure of the follow-up visit. Mean follow-up was 8.2 ± 3.5 years (range: 1.8 to 16.2 years). There were two early deaths (3%) and one late death (2%). Actuarial survival at 16 years was 94.8 ± 3.1%. One patient required reoperation and died during reoperation 1.5 years after his first Ross operation. Of the 55 survival patients, 42 patients (76%) were in NYHA functional class I and 13 patients (24%) were in NYHA functional class II. Grade 1 or grade 2 autograft regurgitation was observed in seven patients (12%) at 1 year after the surgery. The sinus of Valsalva diameters were all Freedom from hemodynamically relevant autograft regurgitation was 88 ± 2.8% at 16 years. After surgery, left ventricular function was significantly improved and left ventricular end-diastolic diameter recovered to normal over the long term. None of the patients required reoperation due to pulmonary homograft failure. The Ross procedure can be safely performed in patients with aortic valve disease. To date, mortality, morbidity, and reoperation rates are very low. Reasons for these superior results may include the following: (1) the diameter of the aortic valve annulus matching that of the pulmonary valve and (2) patients were monitored with antihypertensive medications to keep systolic blood pressure under 120 mm Hg to delay pressure lesions to the pulmonary autograft. Georg Thieme Verlag KG

  10. Radiological placement of peripheral central venous access ports at the forearm. Technical results and long term outcome in 391 patients; Radiologische Implantation zentralvenoeser Portsysteme am Unterarm. Implantationsergebnisse und Langzeit-Follow-up bei 391 Patienten

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lenhart, M. [Sozialstiftung Bamberg (Germany). Klinik fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie; Schaetzler, S. [Klinikum der Regensburg Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Roentgendiagnostik; Manke, C. [Klinikum Fulda (DE). Klinik fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie] (and others)


    To retrospectively analyze the technical result and long term outcome of central venous arm ports placed by radiologists. Over a 5-year period, 399 arm ports were implanted by radiologists in 391 patients. The system consists of a low profile titanium chamber and a silicone catheter. Ports were placed at the forearm after puncture of a vein proximally to the elbow under fluoroscopic guidance. In a retrospective analysis the technical results and the long term outcome were evaluated. Complications were documented according to the standards of the society of interventional radiology. In 391 patients a total of 98 633 catheter days were documented (1 - 1325 days, mean 252 days). Primary technical success was 99.25 % (396 / 399) with a 100 % secondary technical success rate. No severe procedural complications, e. g. pneumothorax or severe hemorrhage, were found. A total of 45 complications occurred (11.28 %, 0.45 / 1000 catheter days), including 8 portal pocket infections (27 - 205 days, mean 115 days). Fifteen ports were explanted because of complications. The complication rate corresponds to the data from subclavian ports and is less than the complication rates published in large surgical trials. Implantation of central-venous arm ports by radiologists is safe and minimally invasive. No severe immediate procedural complications occur due to the peripheral implantation site. Long term complication rates are comparable to other studies of radiological or surgical port implantation at different sites. (orig.)

  11. Long-Term Nationwide Follow-Up Study of Simple Congenital Heart Disease Diagnosed in Otherwise Healthy Children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Videbæk, Jørgen; Laursen, Henning Bækgaard; Olsen, Morten


    BACKGROUND: Systematic follow-up is currently not recommended for patients with simple congenital heart disease; however, only a few data exist on the long-term prognosis of simple congenital heart disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: We undertook a nationwide follow-up study of a cohort of 1241 simple...... congenital heart disease patients, diagnosed from 1963 through 1973, in otherwise healthy children and alive at 15 years of age. We identified 10 age- and sex-matched general population controls per patient. We followed the study population through Danish public registries from the age of 15 years up...... with simple congenital heart disease in the 1960s have substantially increased long-term mortality and cardiac morbidity compared with the general population. Further studies on the effectiveness of systematic medical follow-up programs appear warranted....

  12. Gamma Knife radiosurgery for recurrent or residual seizures after anterior temporal lobectomy in mesial temporal lobe epilepsy patients with hippocampal sclerosis: long-term follow-up results of more than 4 years. (United States)

    Lee, Eun Mi; Kang, Joong Koo; Kim, Sang Joon; Hong, Seok Ho; Ko, Tae Sung; Lee, Sang Ahm; Lee, Do Heui; Lee, Jung Kyo


    Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS) has proven efficacy in the treatment of drug-resistant mesial temporal lobe epilepsy with hippocampal sclerosis (MTLE-HS) and is comparable to conventional resective surgery. It may be effective as an alternative treatment to reoperation after failed temporal lobe surgery in patients with MTLE-HS. The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of GKRS in patients with unilateral MTLE-HS who did not achieve seizure control or had recurrent seizures after anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL). Twelve patients (8 males; mean age 35.50 ± 9.90 years) with MTLE-HS who underwent GKRS after failed ATL (Engel Classes III-IV) were included. GKRS targets included the remnant tissue or adjacent regions of the previously performed ATL with a marginal dose of 24-25 Gy at the 50% isodose line in all patients. Final seizure outcome was assessed using Engel's modified criteria during the final 2 years preceding data analysis. A comparison between signal changes on follow-up MRI and clinical outcome was performed. All patients were followed up for at least 4 years with a mean duration of 6.18 ± 1.77 years (range 4-8.8 years) after GKRS. At the final assessment, 6 of 12 patients were classified as seizure free (Engel Class Ia, n = 3; Ic, n = 2; and Id, n = 1) and 6 patients were classified as not seizure free (Engel Class II, n = 1; III, n = 2; and IV, n = 3). Neither initial nor late MRI signal changes after GKRS statistically correlated with surgical outcome. Clinical seizure outcome did not differ significantly with initial or late MRI changes after GKRS. GKRS can be considered an alternative option when the patients with MTLE-HS who had recurrent or residual seizures after ATL refuse a second operation.

  13. Predictors of response rates to a long term follow-up mail out survey.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natasha A Koloski

    Full Text Available Very little is known about predictors of response rates to long-term follow-up mail-out surveys, including whether the timing of an incentive affects response rates. We aimed to determine whether the timing of the incentive affects response rates and what baseline demographic and psychological factors predict response rates to a 12 year follow-up survey.Participants were 450 randomly selected people from the Penrith population, Australia who had previously participated in a mail-out survey 12 years earlier. By random allocation, 150 people received no incentive, 150 received a lottery ticket inducement with the follow-up survey and 150 received a lottery ticket inducement on the return of a completed survey.The overall response rate for the study was 63%. There were no significant differences in terms of response rates between the no incentive (58.8%;95%CI 49.8%,67.3%, incentive with survey (65.1%;95%CI 56.2%,73.3% and promised incentive (65.3%;95%CI 56.1%,73.7% groups. Independent predictors of responding to the 12 year survey were being older (OR=1.02, 95%CI 1.01,1.05,P=0.001 and being less neurotic as reported on the first survey 12 years earlier (OR=0.92, 95%CI 0.86,0.98, P=0.010.Psychological factors may play a role in determining who responds to long-term follow-up surveys although timing of incentives does not.

  14. Longer-Term Follow-Up of Kenyan Men Circumcised Using the ShangRing Device.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul J Feldblum

    Full Text Available To ascertain clinical sequelae, client satisfaction and sexual behavior 2+ years after male circumcision using the ShangRing device.We enrolled 199 men from the Kenya sites (Homa Bay district participating in a 2012 study of the ShangRing device used in routine male circumcision services (N = 552. We enrolled men who had had the ShangRing placed successfully, and over-sampled men who had had an adverse event and/or were HIV-positive during the field study. In the present study, each participant was examined and interviewed by a study clinician, and penile photographs were taken to document longer-term cosmetic results and any abnormal findings.194 men were included in the analysis. The mean and median times between circumcision and the longer-term follow-up visit in this study were 31.8 and 32 months, respectively. Four men (2.1% had signs/symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection (STI. Virtually all (99.5% of the men were very satisfied with the appearance of their circumcised penis, and all would recommend a ShangRing circumcision to friends or family members. The most prevalent reported advantage of the circumcision was the ease of bathing and enhanced cleanliness of the penis (75.8%. 94.3% of the men did not cite a single negative feature of their circumcision. 87.5% of men reported more sexual pleasure post-MC, the most common reason being more prolonged intercourse. The majority of men (52.6% reported one sexual partner post-MC, but more than a quarter of the men (28.1% reported an increased number of partners post-MC. Less than half of the men (44.3% reported using condoms half of the time or more, but the great majority of condom users stated that condom use was much easier post-MC, and 76.9% of users said they used condoms more after circumcision than before.This study supports the safety and acceptability of ShangRing male circumcision during 2-3 years of follow-up. It should allay worries that the ShangRing procedure could lead to

  15. Arteriovenous malformations of the uterus: long-term follow-up. (United States)

    Dar, Peer; Karmin, Ira; Einstein, Mark H


    Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) of the uterus have various clinical presentations. With the advancement of and accessibility to imaging, the diagnosis of the lesions in association with less severe clinical presentations is becoming more common. Contrary to cases with severe hemorrhage, the management of these cases is not clear. The purpose of this study was to describe our experience with diagnosis, management and long-term follow-up of cases with different clinical presentations of uterine AVMs. The clinical and sonographic presentations of 8 cases diagnosed between July 2000 and July 2003 in our medical center are described. Annual sonographic follow-up was performed for a period of at least 42 months. Only 3 of the 8 cases presented with heavy vaginal bleeding and 2 of them required selective embolization. Two patients had hysterectomy during the study period which was not related to a severe bleeding event. Long-term follow-up for all other cases was significant for sonographic resolution of the uterine AVM. Management of uterine AVMs should be influenced by the clinical and not by the sonographic findings. If clinically feasible, conservative management should be considered as the primary approach, since most of these lesions tend to spontaneously resolve. Copyright 2008 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  16. Treatment of isolated patellofemoral osteoarthritis with lateral facetectomy plus Insall's realignment procedure: long-term follow-up. (United States)

    Montserrat, Ferran; Alentorn-Geli, Eduard; León, Vicens; Ginés-Cespedosa, Alberto; Rigol, Pau


    To assess the long-term results of lateral facetectomy plus Insall's realignment procedure to treat isolated patellofemoral osteoarthritis. All consecutive patients undergoing this procedure with a follow-up between 10 and 14 years were included in this study. Subjects were excluded if they had previous patellar dislocation, patellar fracture, tibiofemoral osteoarthritis (except mild cases) or follow-up 14 years. Failure cases (need for total knee arthroplasty) of this surgical procedure before 10 years of follow-up were considered in the overall failure rate. Clinical, functional and radiographic outcomes were obtained at baseline and compared to postoperative values. Forty-three patients (mean (SD) age 59.7 (8.1) years) had a follow-up between 10 and 14 years and were finally included in this study. The failure rate in the whole series and included patients was 26.4 and 16.3 %, respectively, for a mean (SD) follow-up of 9.2 (3.2) years and 11.7 (1.4) years, respectively. Patellofemoral pain (p < 0.0001), need for NSAIDs (p < 0.0001), longitudinal (p < 0.0001) and transversal (p < 0.0001) patellar glide tests, Zholen's sign (p = 0.0007) and knee effusion (p = 0.02) significantly improved in the follow-up. Postoperative Knee Society Score (KSS) anatomical (p < 0.0001), functional (p < 0.0001) and total (p < 0.0001) scores and Kujala's score (p = 0.001) were significantly higher compared to preoperative values. The patellar tilt (p = 0.001) and shift (p = 0.04) significantly improved postoperatively, whereas the patellofemoral osteoarthritis was not modified (n.s.) with respect to preoperative assessment. The lateral facetectomy plus Insall's realignment procedure was a successful treatment for isolated patellofemoral osteoarthritis from a clinical, functional and radiographic point of view in the long-term follow-up.

  17. Atypical odontalgia. Update and comment on long-term follow-up. (United States)

    Schnurr, R F; Brooke, R I


    The purpose of the present study is to update the reader on atypical odontalgia and to present some preliminary data on the long-term follow-up of a subsample (n = 28) of these patients. Data based on 120 patients tend to support earlier findings that indicate that primarily women (81%) between the ages of 23 and 60 have this condition. Pain is generally localized in the teeth but may involve several areas of the oral cavity. On the basis of this larger sample size, the relationship between atypical odontalgia and migraine does not appear to be as strong as initially reported. Psychologic disturbance also may play a less significant role than initially thought. Follow-up data on 28 patients suggest that many patients will continue to experience episodes of pain. Antidepressant medication still appears to be the treatment of choice for this condition.

  18. Cervical spine surgery in patients with diastrophic dysplasia: Case report with long-term follow-up

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbara Jasiewicz


    Full Text Available Cervical kyphosis in diastrophic dysplasia (DTD is a very dangerous deformity which may lead to compression of neural structures resulting in tetraplegia or even. Treatment of this deformity is usually surgical, but no long-term follow-up studies are presented in the literature. Authors present a case of two children with DTD who underwent anterior corpectomy due to severe cervical kyphosis. The kyphotic deformity was corrected and the normal spinal canal width was restored. The effects of the correction remained stable for respectively 6 and 10 years of the follow-up period. The unique follow-up confirms that this type of intervention leads to an effective and long lasting results. Significant cervical kyphosis in patients suffering from DTD may be treated surgically using anterior approach even in young children with a favorable and lasting results.

  19. Long-term follow-up in outpatient clinics. 1: The view from general practice. (United States)

    Reeve, H; Baxter, K; Newton, P; Burkey, Y; Black, M; Roland, M


    Nearly three-quarters of patients seen in specialist outpatient clinics in England are in follow-up. It has been suggested that the care of many of these patients could be transferred to general practice. We aimed to estimate the proportion of patients in general practice who are in long-term outpatient follow-up, and to identify GPs' perspectives on the appropriateness and implications of the discharge of their patients to primary care. Prevalence data were collected by identifying correspondence from outpatient clinics to GPs in four Manchester practices (population 29,000). GPs were asked to assess the suitability for discharge of their patients who were seen in medical outpatient clinics. Semi-structured interviews were carried out with 15 of these GPs, and with 11 GPs who had patients recently discharged from medical clinics. At least 4.5% of the practice populations were in long-term outpatient follow-up (median duration 25 months). These patients had consulted their GP a median of seven times during the previous year. GPs were willing to take over the care of 48% of patients in medical clinics, and in many cases did not expect that this would lead to an increase in their workload. Some resource needs were identified in general practice, and improvements to the process of discharge were suggested. The need for continued follow-up in outpatient clinics should be reviewed. Many patients could be discharged without increasing GPs' workload. For more complex cases, additional resources may be needed to provide co-ordinated care within general practice. When patients are discharged, GPs need information quickly and need access to specialist advice for their patients when necessary without long delays.

  20. Immediate and Short-term Follow-Up of Aortic Coarctation Balloon Angioplasty and Stenting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasan Mottaghi Moghadam


    Full Text Available Background Aortic Coarcatation (CoA is one of the congenital heart diseases with the rate of 5-8% of Coronary heart diseases(CHDs. Balloon angioplasty is now one of the effective way of treatment for CoA, native or Re-coarctation (Re-CoA. We aimed to assess the immediate, and short term response to angioplasty and stenting, and also complications. Materials and Methods Balloon angioplasty with our without stenting was performed for 53 patients with native or Re-coarcatation angioplasty (39 balloon angioplasty alone, and 14 balloon and stenting. Pressure gradient across the CoA segment was measured initially by Echo and pre, and Post procedure. Echocardiography was also used for follow up assessment during 24 hours, one and 6 months afterward. Results Among 53 patients, 52.8% were male. There were 98.2% native and 3.8% Re-CoA. The mean age of patients was 8.65 ± 8.37 years, and the mean weight was 25.82±20.73 kg. The mean pressure gradient acrossthe CoA site before angioplasty was 24.88±12.32, and post procedure gradient was 4.77±6.42 (p

  1. Follow-up of abnormal or inadequate test results in the Danish Cervical Cancer Screening Program

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristiansen, Bettina Kjær


    Denmark has a higher incidence of cervical cancer than other Nordic countries, although all Danish women (aged 23–65) are screened regularly to identify possible cervical dysplasia or asymptomatic invasive cancer. Annually 40 000 women receives an abnormal or inadequate test result and a follow......-up recommendation. However problems with delayed follow-up may threaten the effectiveness of the Danish Cervical Cancer Screening Program, as 20% of women are delayed and dysplasia potentially can progress into cancer. Delayed follow-up is found in situations where women either consciously or unconsciously postpone...... will be of great importance to the future organisation of cervical and colorectal cancer screening programmes in Denmark, but will also have international interest because of their similar challenges....

  2. Yoga for Adult Women with Chronic PTSD: A Long-Term Follow-Up Study. (United States)

    Rhodes, Alison; Spinazzola, Joseph; van der Kolk, Bessel


    Yoga-the integrative practice of physical postures and movement, breath exercises, and mindfulness-may serve as a useful adjunctive component of trauma-focused treatment to build skills in tolerating and modulating physiologic and affective states that have become dysregulated by trauma exposure. A previous randomized controlled study was carried out among 60 women with chronic, treatment-resistant post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and associated mental health problems stemming from prolonged or multiple trauma exposures. After 10 sessions of yoga, participants exhibited statistically significant decreases in PTSD symptom severity and greater likelihood of loss of PTSD diagnosis, significant decreases in engagement in negative tension reduction activities (e.g., self-injury), and greater reductions in dissociative and depressive symptoms when compared with the control (a seminar in women's health). The current study is a long-term follow-up assessment of participants who completed this randomized controlled trial. Participants from the randomized controlled trial were invited to participate in long-term follow-up assessments approximately 1.5 years after study completion to assess whether the initial intervention and/or yoga practice after treatment was associated with additional changes. Forty-nine women completed the long-term follow-up interviews. Hierarchical regression analysis was used to examine whether treatment group status in the original study and frequency of yoga practice after the study predicted greater changes in symptoms and PTSD diagnosis. Group assignment in the original randomized study was not a significant predictor of longer-term outcomes. However, frequency of continuing yoga practice significantly predicted greater decreases in PTSD symptom severity and depression symptom severity, as well as a greater likelihood of a loss of PTSD diagnosis. Yoga appears to be a useful treatment modality; the greatest long-term benefits are derived from

  3. Stability and development of psychotic symptoms and the use of antipsychotic medication - long-term follow-up

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gotfredsen, Ditte Resendal; Wils, Regitze Sølling; Hjorthøj, C


    -96%] chance of being in the same group at the 10-year follow-up. This stability was also the case for patients who had psychotic symptoms and were treated with antipsychotic medication at year 5, where there was a 67% (95% CI 56-78%) probability of being in this group at the consecutive follow-up. CONCLUSIONS......: A large group of patients with psychotic illness were in remission without the use of antipsychotic medication, peaking at year 10. Overall there was a large degree of stability in disease courses over the 10-year period. These results suggest that the long-term outcome of psychotic illness...

  4. Problems during the long-term follow-up after surgery for pediatric solid malignancies. (United States)

    Oue, Takaharu; Miyoshi, Yoko; Hashii, Yoshiko; Uehara, Shuichiro; Ueno, Takehisa; Nara, Keigo; Usui, Noriaki; Ozono, Keiichi


    With the recent improvements in the prognosis of pediatric malignancies, the number of patients surviving long-term after surgery has been increasing. Therefore, the late effects of cancer treatments are important issues. In this study, we analyzed the problems associated with the treatment of pediatric patients during the long-term follow-up after surgery. A total of 64 patients with pediatric malignancies who underwent surgical treatment and were followed up for more than 5 years and who were older than 13 years of age were included in this study. The average age was 20.8 (13-33) years, and the follow-up ranged from 5 to 31 years (mean, 17.7 years). Twenty-one patients (32.3%) received high-dose chemotherapy (HDC) and nine (14.1%) received radiotherapy. In this study, 46 patients (71.9%) developed at least one problem during the follow-up period. With regard to the surgical problems, 14 patients underwent nephrectomy, and 1 of them developed renal failure. One patient received cystectomy with urinary tract reconstruction. One patient received a partial vaginectomy. Two cases with ovarian tumors received oophorectomy, one of whom also received partial hysterectomy. Other complications such as ileus, scoliosis, and leg length discrepancies were seen in some patients. In terms of the medical problems, 15 patients showed growth retardation and 2 were treated with growth hormone therapy. Gonadal dysfunction was observed in 23 patients, and 8 of them were treated with hormone replacement therapy. Six patients developed hypothyroidism, two of whom were treated with thyroid hormone replacement therapy. Other medial issues, such as hearing impairment, low bone mineral density, and hepatitis, were seen in some patients. The rate of growth retardation, gonadal dysfunction, and hypothyroidism were significantly higher in the patients who received HDC (p<0.05). There was one case of second malignancy of the parotid gland. Various treatment-related complications may occur even

  5. High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) for adenomyosis: Two-year follow-up results. (United States)

    Shui, Lian; Mao, Shihua; Wu, Qingrong; Huang, Guohua; Wang, Jian; Zhang, Ruitao; Li, Kequan; He, Jia; Zhang, Lian


    To evaluate the long-term improvement of clinical symptoms of adenomyosis after treatment with ultrasound-guided high intensity focused ultrasound (USgHIFU). From January 2010 to December 2011, 350 patients with adenomyosis were treated with USgHIFU. Among the 350 patients, 224 of them completed the two years follow-up. The patients were followed up at 3 months, 1 year, and 2 years after HIFU treatment. Adverse effects and complications were recorded. All patients completed HIFU ablation without severe postoperative complications. 203 of the 224 patients who showed varying degrees of dysmenorrhea before treatment had the symptom scores decreased significantly after treatment (PHIFU treatment. With its ability to sustain long-term clinical improvements, HIFU is a safe and effective treatment for adenomyosis. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. Follow-up results of arthroscopic synovectomy for the rheumatoid knee. (United States)

    Momohara, S; Ikeda, M; Uchida, K; Kawamura, K; Mizumura, T; Tomatsu, T


    Abstract Arthroscopic synovectomy (ASS) of a rheumatoid knee is performed in cases of intractable synovitis. This spares the articular cartilage, and is an effective and simple treatment for chronic knee synovitis. This retrospective study was performed to evaluate the outcome of surgical arthroscopy, and study the clinical results in detail. A total of 160 knees, in 138 patients, were assessed after a mean follow-up of 35 months. There was a statistically significant improvement in pain, synovitis, and walking ability for at least 24 months after surgery. Based on the results of our study, age, duration of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and level of C-reactive protein (CRP) at surgery were not predictors of a poor long-term outcome of ASS. However, the clinical results correlated with the Lansbury index, loss of extension of the knee joint, a modified Larsen score, and the Larsen grade of the knee joint. Of the cases studied, total knee arthroplasty (TKA) was performed in 29 knee joints. We concluded that although ASS can reduce local inflammation and delay the need for definitive replacement surgery, patients over 60 years of age who show severe radiographic changes should undergo primary TKA.

  7. Reperfusion after pulmonary embolism - long-term follow-up, risk factors, clinical impact. (United States)

    Mrozek, Jan; Petrova, Jana; Vaclavkova, Jana; Janovsky, Vladimir; Kraus, Lubos; Jansa, Pavel


    Thromboembolic disease is the third most common cardiovascular disorder and deep vein thrombosis carries the risk of pulmonary embolism (PE). Questions related to reperfusion after PE remain, especially risk factors. Incomplete reperfusion after PE is closely related to the development of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension. The aim of this study was to determine the relation between reperfusion after PE in the long term over a period of 24 months, laboratory results and clinical risk factors found during the initial PE event. 85 consecutive patients with a first episode of acute PE, diagnosed at 4 cardiology clinics, were followed up using clinical evaluation, scintigraphy and echocardiography (6, 12 and 24 months after the PE. 35 patients were in the low risk category (41%), 42 (49%) in the intermediate risk group and 8 (9%) in the high risk category. Perfusion defects persisted in 20 patients (26%) after 6 months, in 19 patients (25%) after 12 months and in 14 patients (19%) after 24 months. The incidence was more frequent in older patients, with more serious (higher risk) PE, increased right ventricular internal diameter during the initial episode, and more significant tricuspid insufficiency in the initial echocardiography. Notably, higher hemoglobin levels were also shown as a significant risk factor. The presence of perfusion defects after 24 months correlated with a concurrent higher pulmonary pressure but not with either patient function or adverse events (recurrence of PE, re-hospitalization or bleeding). In 3 cases (4% of patients), long-term echocardiographic evidence of pulmonary hypertension was detected. Even after 24 months from acute PE with adequate anticoagulation treatment, incomplete reperfusion was found in 19% of patients with a corresponding risk of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary disease and hypertension.

  8. Long-term follow-up on Cushing disease patient after transsphenoidal surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Insook Jeong


    Full Text Available Cushing disease is caused by excessive adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH production by the pituitary adenoma. Transsphenoidal surgery is its first-line treatment. The incidence of Cushing disease in children and adolescents is so rare that long-term prognoses have yet to be made in most cases. We followed-up on a 16-year-old male Cushing disease patient who presented with rapid weight gain and growth retardation. The laboratory findings showed increased 24-hour urine free cortisol and lack of overnight cortisol suppression by low-dose dexamethasone test. The serum cortisol and 24-hour urine free cortisol, by high-dose dexamethasone test, also showed a lack of suppression, and a bilateral inferior petrosal sinus sampling suggested lateralization of ACTH secretion from the right-side pituitary gland. However, after a right hemihypophysectomy by the transsphenoidal approach, the 24-hour urine free cortisol levels were persistently high. Thus the patient underwent a total hypophysectomy, since which time he has been treated with hydrocortisone, levothyroxine, recombinant human growth hormone, and testosterone enanthate. Intravenous bisphosphonate for osteoporosis had been administered for three years. At his current age of 26 years, his final height had attained the target level range; his bone mineral density was normal, and his pubic hair was Tanner stage 4. This report describes the long-term treatment course of a Cushing disease patient according to growth profile, pubertal status, and responses to hormone replacement therapy. The clinical results serve to emphasize the importance of growth optimization, puberty, and bone health in the treatment management of Cushing disease patients who have undergone transsphenoidal surgery.

  9. Cognitive-Behaviorally-Oriented Group Rehabilitation of Adults with ADHD: Results of a 6-Month Follow-Up (United States)

    Salakari, Anita; Virta, Maarit; Gronroos, Nina; Chydenius, Esa; Partinen, Markku; Vataja, Risto; Kaski, Markus; Iivanainen, Matti


    Objective: Recently, novel psychological treatments for adult ADHD have been reported with promising results. However, studies about long-term treatment effects are scanty. The authors study effects of cognitive-behaviorally-oriented group rehabilitation during a 6-month follow-up. Method: Participating in the rehabilitation were 29 adults, of…

  10. Outcomes for treated anxious children: a critical review of Long-Term-Follow-Up studies. (United States)

    Nevo, Gili Adler; Manassis, Katharina


    Anxiety disorders are the most common psychiatric disorders of childhood, generating significant distress in the individual and an economic burden to society. They are precursors to diverse psychiatric illnesses and have an impact on development. Childhood anxiety's reach into the future accentuates the importance of studying the long-term effect of treatment. The purpose of this paper is to examine existing Long-Term-Follow-Up (LTFU) studies' capacity to inform us on the impact of anxiety treatment on development. Medline, PsycInfo, SciSearch, SocScisearch, Cinhal, Embase, and the Cochrane library were searched. Bibliographies of relevant book chapters and review articles and information from colleagues with expertise in anxiety were also a source of information. The search produced more than a thousand citations. Only eight studies met inclusion criteria: follow-up of a cohort of treated anxious youth for more than 2 years. follow-up ranged from 2 to 7.4 years. The studies were methodologically rigorous and, in general, showed maintenance of or improvement in acute treatment gains. The studies reviewed could not outline course of recovery or control for pivotal confounding variables such as maturation. Seven of the eight studies employed a Cognitive Behavioral intervention and one employed a manualized, time-limited, psychodynamic intervention. No LTFU trial for medication was found. ample evidence exists for the short-term benefit of pediatric anxiety treatment, but evidence is still lacking for the understanding of treatment's role in the facilitation of healthy development into adulthood. Recommendations for future research are proposed.

  11. Long-term Safety and Efficacy of Tapentadol Extended Release Following up to 2 Years of Treatment in Patients With Moderate to Severe, Chronic Pain: Results of an Open-label Extension Trial. (United States)

    Buynak, Robert; Rappaport, Stephen A; Rod, Kevin; Arsenault, Pierre; Heisig, Fabian; Rauschkolb, Christine; Etropolski, Mila


    Tapentadol extended release (ER) has demonstrated efficacy and safety for the management of moderate to severe, chronic pain in adults. This study evaluated the long-term safety and tolerability of tapentadol ER in patients with chronic osteoarthritis or low back pain. Patients were enrolled in this 1-year, open-label extension study after completing one of two 15-week, placebo-controlled studies of tapentadol ER and oxycodone controlled release (CR) for osteoarthritis knee pain (NCT00421928) or low back pain (NCT00449176), a 7-week crossover study between tapentadol immediate release and tapentadol ER for low back pain (NCT00594516), or a 1-year safety study of tapentadol ER and oxycodone CR for osteoarthritis or low back pain (NCT00361504). After titrating the drug to an optimal dose, patients received tapentadol ER (100-250 mg BID) for up to 1 year (after finishing treatment in the preceding studies); patients who were previously treated with tapentadol ER in the 1-year safety study received tapentadol ER continuously for up to 2 years in total. Of the 1,154 patients in the safety population, 82.7% were aged >65 years and 57.9% were female; 50.1% had mild baseline pain intensity. Mean (SD) pain intensity scores (11-point numerical rating scale) were 3.9 (2.38) at baseline (end of preceding study) and 3.7 (2.42) at end point, indicating that pain relief was maintained during the extension study. Improvements in measures of quality of life (eg, EuroQol-5 Dimension and the 36-item Short Form Health Survey [SF-36]) health status questionnaires) achieved during the preceding studies were maintained during the open-label extension study. Tapentadol ER was associated with a safety and tolerability profile comparable to that observed in the preceding studies. The most common treatment-emergent adverse events (incidence ≥10%; n = 1154) were headache (13.1%), nausea (11.8%), and constipation (11.1%). Similar efficacy and tolerability results were shown for patients who

  12. Long-term follow-up of neonatal coarctation and left-sided cardiac hypoplasia. (United States)

    Gray, Robert G; Tani, Lloyd Y; Weng, Hsin Yi; Puchalski, Michael D


    Neonatal coarctation of the aorta (CoA) is often associated with hypoplastic left-sided cardiac structures. Limited data are available regarding the long-term clinical outcomes. Our purposes were to assess the following in neonates with CoA and left-sided cardiac hypoplasia: (1) left-sided cardiac structure growth over time, (2) echocardiographic parameters predicting reintervention, and (3) long-term outcomes and reintervention rates. Data were collected for all patients born with isolated CoA, along with a mitral or aortic Z-score of parameters were not associated with reintervention. The overall freedom from reintervention was 76% at 15 years of follow-up. In conclusion, the long-term outcomes after isolated CoA repair with associated left-sided cardiac hypoplasia were excellent. Both aortic and mitral valve sizes had increased substantially by intermediate follow-up but tended to normalize afterward. Although 24% of the patients required reintervention, significant left ventricular inflow or outflow tract obstruction was uncommon. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Long-term follow-up of astigmatic keratotomy for corneal astigmatism after penetrating keratoplasty. (United States)

    Böhringer, Daniel; Dineva, Nina; Maier, Philip; Birnbaum, Florian; Kirschkamp, Thomas; Reinhard, Thomas; Eberwein, Philipp


    To report the long-term stability of paired arcuate corneal keratotomies (AKs) in patients with high regular postpenetrating keratoplasty astigmatism. Retrospective chart review of best-corrected visual acuity, refraction and keratometric values of 41 eyes with AK between 2003 and 2012. Magnitude of median target induced astigmatism vector was 9.2 dioptres (Dpt). We reached a median magnitude of surgically induced astigmatism vector of 9.81 Dpt and a median magnitude of difference vector of 5.5 Dpt. In keratometry, we achieved a net median astigmatism reduction by 3.3 Dpt. The average correction index was 1.14, showing a slight overcorrection. Irregularity of keratometric astigmatism increased by 0.6 Dpt, and spherical equivalent changed by 1.75 Dpt. Monocular best spectacle corrected visual acuity increased from preoperatively 20/63 (0.5 logMAR) to 20/40 (0.3 logMAR) postoperatively. Median gain on the ETDRS chart was two lines. Long-term follow-up showed a median keratometric astigmatic increase by 0.3 Dpt per year. Arcuate corneal keratotomies is a safe and effective method to reduce high regular corneal astigmatism following penetrating keratoplasty but has limited predictability. The long-term follow-up shows an increase of keratometric astigmatism by 0.3 Dpt/year, equalizing the surgical effect after 10 years. © 2016 Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica Foundation. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  14. Long-Term Follow-Up of Adults with Gender Identity Disorder. (United States)

    Ruppin, Ulrike; Pfäfflin, Friedemann


    The aim of this study was to re-examine individuals with gender identity disorder after as long a period of time as possible. To meet the inclusion criterion, the legal recognition of participants' gender change via a legal name change had to date back at least 10 years. The sample comprised 71 participants (35 MtF and 36 FtM). The follow-up period was 10-24 years with a mean of 13.8 years (SD = 2.78). Instruments included a combination of qualitative and quantitative methods: Clinical interviews were conducted with the participants, and they completed a follow-up questionnaire as well as several standardized questionnaires they had already filled in when they first made contact with the clinic. Positive and desired changes were determined by all of the instruments: Participants reported high degrees of well-being and a good social integration. Very few participants were unemployed, most of them had a steady relationship, and they were also satisfied with their relationships with family and friends. Their overall evaluation of the treatment process for sex reassignment and its effectiveness in reducing gender dysphoria was positive. Regarding the results of the standardized questionnaires, participants showed significantly fewer psychological problems and interpersonal difficulties as well as a strongly increased life satisfaction at follow-up than at the time of the initial consultation. Despite these positive results, the treatment of transsexualism is far from being perfect.

  15. Chiari pelvic osteotomy in the management of developmental hip dysplasia: a long term follow-up. (United States)

    Rozkydal, Z; Kovanda, M


    Developmental hip dysplasia in adults causes several anatomical changes which can lead to premature and progressive secondary osteoarthritis. The principle of Chiari osteotomy is the medialisation of the subluxated femoral head. This improves the biomechanics of the hip. The goal of the study was to assess the long term results of Chiari innominate osteotomy. The authors evaluated 130 hips after Chiari ostetomy from 230 patients operated on in the sears 1969-1985 at the Ist Orthopaedic Department of St. Anna University Hospital in Brno, Czech Republic. The mean follow-up was 22.3 years (15-30) and there were 125 women and 5 men. The average age at the time of the procedure was 29 years (15-52). We assessed the Harris hip score, daily activities, the length of the improvement after the procedure and asked the patients if they would undergo again the same procedure. We also assessed the CE angle, the Sharp angle, AHI index, the CCD angle, the Shenton's line, Crowe type of dysplasia, the shape of the femoral head and Kellgren-Lawrence grades of the osteoarthritis. There were 5 types of hip dysplasia in the study: coxa valga subluxans, coxa valga luxans, coxa plana brevis, coxa magna and severe deformity of the femoral head. There were 26 cases of hip dysplasia alone, 87 cases of hip dysplasia with a subluxation of the femoral head and 13 cases of dysplasia with a false acetabulum. We searched for the factors influencing the end results. We measured the medial shift of the distal pelvic fragment and the level of the osteotomy. The mean nmedial shift of the distal fragment was 22 mm e.g. 48.6%. There was a correct level of the osteotomy in 113 patients. Radiological features improved: the CE angle (-12 degrees to +37.2 degrees), the Sharp angle (48 degrees to 41 degrees), AHI index (51 to 96.3%). The Harris hip score improved from 42 points to 67.5 points an average. 65 patients have been satisfied with the procedure, 49 were partialy satisfied and 16 were not satisfied

  16. Long-Term Follow-Up of Children after Venom Immunotherapy: Low Adherence to Anaphylaxis Guidelines. (United States)

    Fiedler, Claudia; Miehe, Ulrich; Treudler, Regina; Kiess, Wieland; Prenzel, Freerk


    Data on the long-term outcome of children after specific venom immunotherapy (VIT) are limited. Therefore, we assessed sting recurrence and anaphylaxis relapse rates as well as adherence to anaphylaxis guidelines with regard to the availability of emergency equipment and education status. For this long-term survey, data of 311 children with a history of anaphylactic reactions to hymenoptera stings were collected by chart review. We included patients who were treated with a 3-year VIT between 1993 and 2009 and had completed a questionnaire. Forty of the 311 patients were included. Mean VIT duration was 3.1 years. Of the 40 patients included, 29 children (72.5%) received VIT with vespid venom, 9 with bee venom, and 2 patients with both venoms. During a mean follow-up period of 13 years, 20/40 patients (50%) suffered re-stings. Six of the 20 (30%) patients developed again anaphylactic symptoms (grade 1 n = 5, grade 3 n = 1); 2 were allergic to vespid and 4 to bee venom. Of the entire cohort, only 5/40 (12.5%) had appropriate emergency kits according to the guidelines of the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. Among the patients who had emergency kits available, one third (5/15) felt uncertain about the correct application of the medication. Less than two thirds of our population (25/40) affirmed that they have been educated in emergency management. The vast majority (95%; 38/40) of our patients did not have allergy follow-ups after VIT completion. Anaphylactic relapses are not uncommon, and there are considerable deficits in the emergency management of patients. Hence, comprehensive standardized anaphylaxis education programs as well as regular follow-ups of the allergy status are crucial. © 2017 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  17. Contraceptive effectiveness of two insertions of quinacrine: results from 10-year follow-up in Vietnam. (United States)

    Sokal, David C; Hieu, Do Trong; Loan, Nguyen Dinh; Hubacher, David; Nanda, Kavita; Weiner, Debra H; Vach, Trinh Huu


    This study was conducted to evaluate the long-term effectiveness of two insertions of quinacrine pellets for nonsurgical sterilization among women in northern Vietnam. Observational cohort study of 1335 women who received two quinacrine insertions between 1989 and 1993. About 90% of the study population participated in the last round of interviews. Cumulative follow-up time for this cohort was 14,294 person-years. The 1-, 5- and 10-year cumulative pregnancy probabilities for quinacrine were 3.3% (95% CI, 2.4-4.3), 10.0% (95% CI, 8.4-11.6) and 12.1% (95% CI, 10.4-13.9), respectively. Pregnancy estimates with quinacrine in this cohort were higher than that reported from US-based research on surgical tubal sterilization and higher than results of quinacrine sterilization in Chile. Quinacrine effectiveness was better among older women. The effectiveness of quinacrine in Vietnam was lower than other forms of sterilization. Factors such as inconsistent training and use of various insertion techniques may have contributed to the relatively high failure rate.

  18. A novel technique of ab interno glaucoma surgery: follow-up results after 24 months. (United States)

    Pajic, Bojan; Pallas, Grigoris; Gerding, Heinrich; Heinrich, Gerding; Böhnke, Matthias


    It was the aim of this study to investigate the efficacy, longevity, and safety of a new ab interno intervention for the treatment of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). The previously described method of radiofrequency-mediated "sclerothalamotomy ab interno" was applied in 53 eyes of consecutive patients with POAG between April 2002 and July 2002. Average preoperative intraocular pressure (IOP) was 25.6+/-2.3 mmHg (range 18-48 mmHg). Sclerothalamotomies were carried out with a custom-made high-frequency dissection 19 G probe (tip 0.3 x 1 mm) applying bipolar current with a frequency of 500 kHz (tip temperature 130 degrees C). After a follow-up period of 24 months, the average IOP was 15.0+/-1.6 mmHg (range 11-20 mmHg) (pinterno is a safe and efficient surgical method for the treatment of POAG. Long-term results clearly demonstrate the longevity of IOP reduction.

  19. Long-term safety and efficacy of bilastine following up to 12 weeks or 52 weeks of treatment in Japanese patients with allergic rhinitis: Results of an open-label trial. (United States)

    Okubo, Kimihiro; Gotoh, Minoru; Togawa, Michinori; Saito, Akihiro; Ohashi, Yoshihiro


    Bilastine is a novel second-generation antihistamine. This open-label, single-arm, phase III study evaluated the safety and efficacy of long-term treatment with bilastine in Japanese patients with seasonal (SAR) or perennial allergic rhinitis (PAR). Patients with SAR or PAR who met the registration criteria and did not violate the exclusion criteria received bilastine (20mg, once daily) for 12 weeks (treatment period). Patients with PAR who met the transition criteria could elect to continue the bilastine treatment for an additional 40 weeks (continuous treatment period: a total of 52 weeks). Safety and tolerability were the primary outcomes, and the main secondary endpoint was to evaluate changes in efficacy variables from baseline measurements. Fifty-eight patients with SAR and 64 patients with PAR received bilastine (20mg/day) for 12 weeks. Fifty-five patients with PAR transitioned to the continuous treatment period. Adverse events (AEs) were reported by 17.2% of patients with SAR and by 31.3% of patients with PAR, and adverse drug reactions (ADRs) were reported by 6.3% of patients with PAR but by no patients with SAR during the 12-week treatment period. All of the ADRs were mild in severity. During the 52-week treatment period, AEs and ADRs were reported by 73.4% and 6.3% of patients with PAR, respectively. All of the ADRs occurred during the 12-week treatment period, and none during the continuous treatment period. The AEs were categorized using the System Organ Class of nervous system disorders; 4.7% of patients reported headache, but none reported somnolence. One serious AE was reported, but it was considered to be unrelated to the bilastine treatment. There were no deaths, and no patients withdrew from the study because of AEs. In patients with SAR, bilastine significantly decreased the total nasal symptom score (TNSS), total ocular symptom score (TOSS), and total symptom score (TSS) relative to baseline. Prolonged treatment with bilastine resulted in the

  20. Long-term clinical and radiographic follow up of subluxated and intruded maxillary primary anterior teeth. (United States)

    Qassem, Aya; Martins, Nathália da Motta; da Costa, Vanessa Polina Pereira; Torriani, Dione Dias; Pappen, Fernanda Geraldo


    This study aimed to determine the kinds of sequelae resulting from intrusive luxation and subluxative injuries in primary anterior teeth as well as the timing of such sequelae. In this longitudinal retrospective study, data were collected from dental records and radiographs of patients with traumatic dental injury (TDI) treated at the Centre for the Study and Treatment of Dental Trauma in Primary Dentition (Pelotas, RS, Brazil). Fifty-two children, with seventy intruded teeth, and 76 children, with 99 subluxated teeth, met the inclusion criteria. Sequelae, such as crown discoloration, fistula, pulp canal obliteration (PCO), inflammatory root resorption (IRR), and internal root resorption, were investigated. The data on the sequelae were distributed into eight follow-up periods: 0-30 days, 31-90 days, 91-180 days, 181-365 days, 1-2 years, 2-3 years, 3-4 years, and >4 years. The sample comprised 99 subluxation cases and 70 intruded teeth. Crown discoloration was the most prevalent sequelae. Among the subluxated teeth, discoloration, and PCO occurred within 180 days after TDI; however, the sequelae were also diagnosed after longer periods. Majority of sequelae of intrusion were diagnosed within the 181-365 days and 1-2 years periods but were also observed after more than 4 years of follow up. For both intrusion and subluxation, trauma sequelae were diagnosed even after the 3-4 years of follow-up. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  1. Long-term follow-up of successful treatment for dandy-walker syndrome (DWS). (United States)

    Lin, Jun; Liang, Guobiao; Liang, Yong; Kou, Yun


    Various managements of Dandy-Walker syndrome (DWS) from open excision of the cysts to CSF diversion have been reported. However, optimal treatment for DWS remains elusive. Cyst fenestration was employed firstly, but failed 15 days after the surgery. Then a ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt was inserted and the patient discharged from hospital 13 days after the second surgery. During the 12-year follow-up, CT scanning, MRI, and X-radiation were performed. CT scanning showed that the size of ventricular system gradually returned to normal. MRI revealed similar changes of the ventricular system, and further revealed the development of supratentorial brain. The results of X-radiation during the follow-up years showed that the peritoneal end of the shunt might be already out of the abdominal cavity. Slow refilling of the shunt valve may suggest that the shunt could be probably not functional. The treatment of the patient was successfully, and the abnormal cerebral ventricle system gradually recovered during the 12-year follow-up. Because the patient might be probably independent on the shunt, further choice of the shunt removal should be thinking thoroughly, considering both safety and quality of life for the patient.

  2. Surgical Revascularization in North American Adults with Moyamoya Phenomenon: Long Term Angiographic Follow-Up (United States)

    Arias, Eric J.; Dunn, Gavin P.; Washington, Chad W.; Derdeyn, Colin P.; Chicoine, Michael R.; Grubb, Robert L.; Moran, Christopher J.; Cross, DeWitte T.; Dacey, Ralph G.; Zipfel, Gregory J.


    Background North American and Asian forms of moyamoya have distinct clinical characteristics. Asian adults with moyamoya are known to respond better to direct vs. indirect revascularization. It is unclear whether North American adults with moyamoya have a similar long-term angiographic response to direct vs. indirect bypass. Methods A retrospective review of surgical revascularization for adult moyamoya phenomenon was performed. Pre-operative and post-operative cerebral angiograms underwent consensus review, with degree of revascularization quantified as extent of new middle cerebral artery (MCA) territory filling. Results Late angiographic follow up was available in 15 symptomatic patients who underwent 20 surgical revascularization procedures. In 10 hemispheres treated solely with indirect arterial bypass, 3 had 2/3 revascularization, 4 had 1/3 revascularization, and 3 had no revascularization of the MCA territory. In the 10 hemispheres treated with direct arterial bypass (8 as a stand alone procedure; 2 in combination with an indirect procedure), 2 had complete revascularization, 7 had 2/3 revascularization, and 1 had 1/3 revascularization. Direct bypass provided a higher rate of “good” angiographic outcome (complete or 2/3 revascularization) when compared to indirect techniques (p = 0.0198). Conclusions Direct bypass provides a statistically significant, more consistent and complete cerebral revascularization than indirect techniques in this patient population. This is similar to that reported in the Asian literature, which suggests that the manner of presentation (ischemia in North American adults vs. hemorrhage in Asian adults) is likely not a contributor to the extent of revascularization achieved following surgical intervention. PMID:25972283

  3. Long-term radiographic follow-up of bisphosphonate-associated atypical femur fractures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Favinger, Jennifer L. [University of Washington, Department of Radiology, 1959 N.E. Pacific Street, Box 357115, Seattle, WA (United States); Hippe, Daniel [University of Washington, Department of Radiology, Seattle, WA (United States); Ha, Alice S. [University of Washington, Department of Radiology, 4245 Roosevelt Way NE, Box 354755, Seattle, WA (United States)


    To evaluate the appearance of bisphosphonate-related femur insufficiency fractures on long-term follow-up radiographic studies and to describe the rate of fracture line obscuration and cortical beak healing over time. In this retrospective study, bisphosphonate-related femur fracture radiographs were reviewed by two radiologists for the presence of a fracture line, callus, and the characteristic cortical beak. Kaplan-Meier curves were used to analyze the time to first indication of healing. Femurs were also subdivided into those who underwent early versus late surgical fixation and those who underwent early versus late discontinuation of bisphosphonate. Clinical data including pain level and medication history were collected. Forty-seven femurs with a bisphosphonate-related femur fracture were identified in 28 women. Eighty-five percent took a bisphosphonate for greater than 5 years and 59 % for greater than 10 years. The median time to beak healing was 265 weeks and the median time to fracture line healing was 56 weeks in the 31 femurs with a baseline fracture. No statistically significant difference was identified between surgical fixation and conservative management. Bisphosphonate-related fractures demonstrate notably prolonged healing time on long-term follow-up. (orig.)

  4. Treatment of hemicrania continua with radiofrequency ablation and long-term follow-up. (United States)

    Beams, Jennifer L; Kline, Matthew T; Rozen, Todd D


    The objective of this research is to describe novel procedural treatments for hemicrania continua that allow patients to remain off indomethacin. Case reports are presented. We describe four distinct patients with indomethacin-responsive hemicrania continua who were unable to discontinue the use of indomethacin without headache recurrence. No other medications were effective for their syndrome. Secondary causes of headache were ruled out in each case. Each patient underwent diagnostic blockade of either the atlanto-axial joint, C2 dorsal root ganglion or sphenopalantine ganglion depending on their clinical examination and presence of cranial autonomic symptoms. A positive response led to a radiofrequency ablation of the C2 ventral ramus, C2 dorsal root ganglion or sphenopalantine ganglion, which provided headache relief in all case patients as complete as indomethacin. Long-term follow-up of these patients has shown that all have remained essentially headache free without the need for indomethacin. One patient has needed repeat radiofrequency procedures with consistent response. Hemicrania continua is defined by its sensitivity to indomethacin but very few patients are able to discontinue the medication without headache recurrence. As the risks of chronic indomethacin use are substantial, alternative treatments are necessary to protect patient health. We are now able to suggest several radiofrequency ablation procedures as effective as indomethacin with long-term follow-up. © International Headache Society 2015.

  5. Revision Hip Arthroplasty Using a Modular, Cementless Femoral Stem: Intermediate-Term Follow-Up. (United States)

    Sivananthan, Sureshan; Lim, Chin-Tat; Narkbunnam, Rapeepat; Sox-Harris, Alex; Huddleston, James I; Goodman, Stuart B


    Modular femoral stem provides flexibility in femoral reconstruction, ensuring improved "fit and fill". However, there are risks of junction failure and corrosion, as well as cost concerns in the use of modular femoral stems. We reviewed prospectively-gathered clinical and radiographic data on revision total hip arthroplasties (THAs) performed from 2001-2007 using modular, cementless femoral component performed by the 2 senior authors. Patients with a minimum follow-up of 7 years were included in this study. Sixty-four patients (68 hips) with a median age of 68 ± 14 years (range 40-92 years) at revision THA were included. The median follow-up was 11.0 ± 1.8 years (range 7-14). Harris hip score, femoral stem subsidence, and stem osseointegration were recorded. The Harris hip score improved from an average of 38.1-80.1 (P dislocations. Seven patients underwent reoperations, 3 of which did not involve the stem. Four stems required revision because of infection, recurrent dislocation, or suboptimal implant position. Survival rates for any reasons and revision for femoral stems were 90% and 94%, respectively, at the most recent follow-up. Four stems subsided more than 5 mm, but established stable osseointegration thereafter. Seven nonloose stems (10.2%) demonstrated radiolucent lines in Gruen zones 1 and 7. No complications regarding the modular junction were encountered. Modular, cementless, extensively porous-coated femoral components have demonstrated intermediate-term clinical and radiographic success. Initial distal intramedullary fixation ensures stability, and proximal modularity further maximizes fit and fill. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Congenital erythropoietic porphyria (Gunther disease) - long-term follow up of a case and review. (United States)

    Howard, Matthew; Hall, Anthony; Ramsay, Donald


    Patients with the rare genodermatosis congenitalerythropoietic porphyria (CEP, Gunther disease)develop erosions and scarring on sun-exposedsites caused by phototoxin mediated damage.Compromised skin barrier function places patientsat higher risk of infection and long term sequelaeinclude scarring. We report a long term follow up ofa 60 year old patient born with CEP and provide anextensive literature review of CEP including recentupdates on potential management options. Multiplepatient interviews and collection of biochemistry datawere conducted for the case discussion. All Australianpathology laboratories in each state performingporphyria testing were surveyed in mid 2015 to verifyexistence of other cases of CEP in Australia with onlyone case of true congenital porphyria identifiedand one adult onset case. Congenital erythropoieticporphyria is a rare condition with no cure currentlyavailable. It is important to diagnose patients earlyto prevent and minimize complications such asscarring and secondary infection, provide longterm skin checks, and advise patients about lifestylemodification.

  7. A behavioral program for disruptive Junior High school students: results and follow-up. (United States)

    Safer, D J; Heaton, R C; Parker, F C


    The 5-year annual and 4-year follow-up results of a collaborative community mental health center--junior high school program for disruptive students are presented. The program is a comprehensive, behavioral, in-school, regular education project characterized by a token economy, parent contracting, major subjects taught in the morning, small class enrollment, small group and individualized instruction, an early release from school contingency option and frequent parent-school communications. Annual controlled outcome results revealed that the program led to significant and consistent reductions in expulsions, suspensions, and grade failure, and variable, often significant, gains in attendance and achievement. Follow-up findings indicated that former program students in senior high school achieved a significantly higher entry rate, greater attendance, better classroom conduct, and a lower frequency of withdrawal from school.

  8. Internet-based therapy for adolescents with chronic fatigue syndrome: long-term follow-up. (United States)

    Nijhof, Sanne L; Priesterbach, Loudy P; Uiterwaal, Cuno S P M; Bleijenberg, Gijs; Kimpen, Jan L L; van de Putte, Elise M


    Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is known to be an effective treatment of adolescents with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), but its availability is limited. Fatigue in Teenagers on the Internet (FITNET), an Internet-based CBT program for adolescents with CFS, has been developed as an alternative to face-to-face CBT. Recently, its short-term effectiveness has been proven in a randomized clinical trial. Here we aimed to assess the long-term outcome of CFS in adolescents after FITNET treatment and after usual care. In addition, factors related to recovery at long-term follow-up (LTFU) for adolescents treated with the FITNET program were investigated. The study was an LTFU of participants of the FITNET trial. Data were completed for 112 (88.2%) of 127 approached FITNET study participants. Primary outcomes were fatigue severity (Checklist Individual Strength-20), physical functioning (87-item Child Health Questionnaire), and school/work attendance. After a mean follow-up of 2.7 years, 66 (58.9%) adolescents had recovered from CFS. Most adolescents who recovered directly after treatment with FITNET were still recovered at LTFU. At LTFU there was no difference between the recovery rates for the different treatment strategies (original randomization: FITNET [64%] versus any form of usual care [52.8%]). Per additional month of "pretreatment disease duration," the odds for recovery were 4% lower (odds ratio: 0.96; 95% confidence interval: 0.93-0.99; P = .016), and per added point on "focus on bodily symptoms" (Body Consciousness Scale) of the mother (0-20 points) the odds for recovery were 11% lower (odds ratio: 0.89; 95% confidence interval: 0.80-0.99; P = .029). The short-term effectiveness of Internet-based CBT on adolescent CFS is maintained at LTFU. At LTFU, usual care led to similar recovery rates, although these rates were achieved at a slower pace.

  9. Long-term follow-up of benign positional vertical opsoclonus in infants: retrospective cohort. (United States)

    Sternfeld, Amir; Lobel, Daniella; Leiba, Hana; Luckman, Judith; Michowiz, Shalom; Goldenberg-Cohen, Nitza


    Benign positional vertical opsoclonus in infants, also described as paroxysmal tonic downgaze, is an unsettling phenomenon that leads to extensive work-up, although benign course has been reported in sporadic cases. We describe long-term follow-up of a series of infants with the phenomenon. This retrospective cohort included all infants diagnosed with rapid downgaze eye movement in 2012-2015 and followed until 2016. The databases of two medical centres were retrospectively reviewed. Benign positional vertical opsoclonus was diagnosed based on clinical findings of experienced neuro-ophthalmologists. Data were collected on demographics, symptoms and signs, neuro-ophthalmological and neurological evaluations, and outcome. Imaging studies were reviewed. Main outcome measures were long-term outcome and findings of the thorough investigation. The cohort included six infants. All infants were born at term. Age at presentation was several days to 12 weeks. Episodes lasted a few seconds and varied in frequency from <10 to dozens per day. In five infants, symptoms occurred in the supine position. There was a wide variability in the work-up without any pathological findings. Follow-up ranged from 1 to 2.5 years. Ocular symptoms gradually decreased until resolution. Infants reached normal developmental milestones. Our identification of six patients in only 3 years suggests benign positional vertical opsoclonus may be more prevalent than previously described. In our experience, it affects otherwise healthy infants and resolves spontaneously. In view of the good long-term outcome, a comprehensive clinical investigation may not be necessary. © Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

  10. Long-term follow-up of the surgically corrected clubfoot. (United States)

    Edmondson, Mark C; Oliver, Matthew C; Slack, Richard; Tuson, Kenneth W


    We describe a 17-year follow-up of 44 surgically corrected clubfeet. They were classified preoperatively as mild, moderate or severe and grouped into those operated on before or after 3 months of age. Moderate and severe deformities underwent a posteromedial release after a trial of conservative management. The mean Ponseti score for both groups was 83.9 (good). Severely deformed feet achieved a more favourable result when operated upon before 3 months than those operated later. We conclude that early application of surgery yields better results with severely deformed feet and produces a good functional outcome in the majority of feet.

  11. Long-term follow-up of patients with previous myocarditis using radionuclide ventriculography. (United States)

    Das, S K; Colfer, H T; Pitt, B


    A prospective long-term follow-up study is reported of 18 of 19 patients who survived a bout of presumed myocarditis 6-136 months (average 54 months) previously. The study included 14 males and four females, ranging from 27 to 63 years of age (mean, 44 years). Chest X-ray, ECG, echocardiogram, and resting and exercise radionuclide ventricular ejection fraction (RNVEF) for assessment of ventricular function were evaluated at follow-up. Resting and exercise RNVEF from seven control subjects were evaluated for comparison. Residual abnormalities were noted in chest X-ray (16%), echocardiogram (30%), and ECG (55%) in these predominantly asymptomatic patients (17/18 or 95%). The resting RNVEF (mean +/- SD) for the myocarditis group versus controls were 0.57 +/- 0.1 and 0.65 +/- 0.1 (P = NS), respectively. The exercise RNVED for the myocarditis group versus controls were 0.56 +/- 0.1 and 0.74 +/- 0.05 (P less than 0.01), respectively. Abnormal resting RNVEF was noted in six (33%) and exercise RNVEF in 14 (77%) patients in the myocarditis group. Two patients with abnormal exercise RNVEF subsequently developed findings consistent with dilated cardiomyopathy. It is unclear as to whether the abnormal ventricular function may serve as a marker for future development of dilated cardiomyopathy.

  12. Long-term follow-up of stereotactic radiosurgery for head and neck malignancies. (United States)

    Owen, Dawn; Iqbal, Fawaad; Pollock, Bruce E; Link, Michael J; Stien, Kathy; Garces, Yolanda I; Brown, Paul D; Foote, Robert L


    Stereotactic radiosurgery is widely applied to deliver additional dose to head and neck tumors. However, its safety and efficacy remains equivocal. One hundred eighty-four patients with primary head and neck cancers treated between January 1990 and August 2012 with Gamma Knife stereotactic radiosurgery were retrospectively reviewed. Two hundred fifteen sites were treated with Gamma Knife stereotactic radiosurgery among 184 patients. Fifty-one percent of patients received concurrent external beam radiotherapy (EBRT), 72% had prior surgery, and 46% received chemotherapy. Most (44%) had squamous cell carcinoma and most patients (65%) were treated for recurrent disease. With a median follow-up of 17.3 months, 12-month local control was 82%. Late effects occurred in 59 patients with the most common being temporal lobe necrosis (15 patients). Radiosurgery can provide tumor control for patients with head and neck cancers involving the skull base. Long-term follow-up is important in survivors to identify late effects. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  13. Cherubism: An Unusual Study With Long-Term Follow-Up. (United States)

    Shokri, Abbas; Khavid, Atefeh


    Cherubism is an uncommon hereditary benign fibro-osseous disorder characterized by bilateral enlargement of the mandible and the maxilla that presents with varying degrees of involvement and a tendency toward spontaneous remission.The first visit was in 2002. A 16-year-old female was referred to an orthodontist for correction of her dental crowding. In the radiographic examination that was taken for her treatment the first time in 2002, a jaw bone lesion was discovered accidentally. X-ray panoramic imaging revealed well-defined multilocular radiolucencies involving the posterior body of the mandible and ascending rami with displaced teeth. This lesion had no effect on inferior alveolar canal and maxilla.There was no significant past medical history, and there was no family history suggestive of a similar complaint. On extraoral examination, there was no swelling in both rami of the mandible and face. Histopathological examination of the biopsy specimen showed proliferating fibrous connective tissue interspersed by multinucleated giant cells. It was diagnosed as a case nonfamilial cherubism. An extensive long-term follow-up till 12 years was maintained. In 2014, after 12-years follow-up for this lesion, panoramic imaging examination showed progress of this lesion in mandible and maxilla.

  14. Long-term follow-up of antimitochondrial antibody-positive autoimmune hepatitis. (United States)

    O'Brien, Conor; Joshi, Supriya; Feld, Jordan J; Guindi, Maha; Dienes, Hans P; Heathcote, E Jenny


    Antimitochondrial antibodies (AMAs) are the serological hallmark for primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). When AMAs are detected in patients with chronic hepatitis, they negatively impact on the autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) scoring system. The purpose of this study was to determine if AMAs detected in the sera of patients with overt AIH have clinical or pathological significance. All patients with a clinicopathologic diagnosis of AIH from one center were reviewed. Only those meeting the criteria for probable or definite AIH according to the International Autoimmune Hepatitis Group were included. Patients found to be consistently AMA-positive via enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for pyruvate dehydrogenase complex E2 subunit were reviewed in detail. Fifteen of 126 patients with typical features of AIH (pretreatment AIH score >10) had detectable AMAs in serum. None had any histologic features suggestive of PBC. None had detectable anti-liver-kidney-microsomal antibodies. Of these 15 patients, all have remained persistently AMA-positive via ELISA. All 15 patients have been followed long-term, and their clinical course remained typical for AIH. No bile duct damage typical of PBC was seen on initial or follow-up liver biopsies. Patients with overt AIH who test positive for AMAs at initial presentation and are treated with corticosteroid therapy have shown no clinical or histologic evidence of PBC despite the continued detection of AMAs over a follow-up of up to 27 years.

  15. Transcatheter arterial embolization of ruptured hepatocellular carcinoma : effectiveness and long-term follow-up

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    Hwang, Eai Hong; Kim, Jae Kyu; Jeong, Yong Yeon; Cha, Sung Ho; Chung, Tae Woong; Kim, Yn Hyeon; Kim, Byoung Jin; Seo, Jeong Jin; Kang, Heoung Keun [Chonnam National Univ., Kwangju (Korea, Republic of). Medical School


    To evaluate the effectiveness of emergent transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) in the treatment of bleeding from ruptured hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC) and long-term follow-up. Technical and clinical success was up to 100%. Mesoportography showed the presence of portal vein thrombosis in nine patients and its absence in 11. In 15 patients, three weeks of follow-up by CT showed lipiodol uptake by the mass and the disappearance of highly attenuated peritoneal fluid. Within one week of embolization, four of the 20 patients died of sepsis, shock, and hepatic failure, and within one month of this procedure, one died of renal failure. Three-month, six-month, and one-year survival rate was 11%, while in 11%, while in 11 patients not suffering from this condition, the rate was 70%: the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (p < 0.05). As the first choice of treatment for patients with hemoperitoneum from ruptured HCC, emergent TAE is an effective, life-saving therapeutic procedure: in these patients, portal vein thrombosis may be a factor influencing risk and prognosis. (author). 18 refs., 4 figs.

  16. Percutaneous vertebroplasty in the management of vertebral osteoporotic fractures. Short-term, mid-term and long-term follow-up of 285 patients

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    Masala, Salvatore; Mammucari, Matteo; Angelopoulos, Georgios; Fiori, Roberto; Massari, Francesco; Simonetti, Giovanni [University Hospital of Tor Vergata, Department of Diagnostic and Molecular Imaging, Interventional Radiology and Radiation Therapy, Rome (Italy); Faria, Skerdilajd [University Hospital of Tor Vergata, Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine, Rome (Italy)


    To evaluate the short-term, mid-term and long-term follow-up of 285 patients who had undergone percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) for osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (VCF) in our department from 2003 to 2006, and, particularly, to analyse our data on the safety and the usefulness of PVP for durable pain reduction, mobility improvement and the need for analgesic drugs. Follow-up analysis was made through a questionnaire completed by the patients before and after PVP (1 week, 1 year and 3 years). The results are reported by subdivision of patients into groups (by gender, age and number of treated vertebrae), with special reference to pain management, drug administration and quality of life. All patients (285) were followed up for 1 week, 186 for 12 months, and 68 patients were followed up for 3 years. One week after PVP all patients reported normal ambulation (with or without pain), and more than 95% were able to perform activities of daily living (ADL) either without pain or with mild pain. There was no difference in pain relief between the genders after 1 week's follow up, but after 3 years better analgesia results were observed in women. There was no statistically significant difference in the visual analogue scale (VAS) values before PVP between age groups (P = 0.7) and gender (P = 0.4); Patients younger than 75 years had better outcomes than did older ones (>75 years) at 1 week and 1 year follow up. Patients also reported significant reduction in drug therapy for pain. PVP is a safe and useful procedure for the treatment of vertebral osteoporotic fractures. It produces enduring pain reduction, improves patients' mobility and decreases the need for analgesic drugs. (orig.)

  17. Essure microinsert hysteroscopic tubal sterilization: eight-years follow-up results. (United States)

    Sakinci, M; Aksu, T; Kuru, O; Ozekinci, M; Sanhal, C


    To evaluate the effectiveness and reliability of microinsert hysteroscopic sterilization method at short- and long-term. In the period between January 2004 and December 2005, 34 patients who submitted to the present gynecology outpatient clinic seeking for permanent contraception and accepted tubal sterilization with microinsert method were included in this prospective, interventional study. Bilateral microinsert placement was successful in 28 (87.5%) of 32 patients that underwent the procedure. In all of the 30 patients (100%) in whom the placement procedure was attempted, bilateral tubal occlusion was documented by hysterosalpingogram (HSG) including the two patients in whom unilateral placement was carried out. First three procedures were performed under general anesthesia. Local or general anesthesia was not administered in any other cases (97.5%). The mean visual analogue scale score for pain felt during the procedure was 3.1. The mean procedure time was 11.5 ± 4.88 (5-22) minutes, the average time from beginning the procedure to discharge of the patients was 41.7 ± 18.5 (15-94) minutes. One intrauterine pregnancy was detected in one of the patients nine months after cessation of the alternative contraceptive period. This patient was excluded from the follow-up. At short-term all patients rated their microinsert-wearing tolerance as good or excellent. At eighth year, three patients were lost to follow-up. Mean follow-up time was 83.4 ± 15.0 (36-103) months. During 2,420 woman-months of follow-up, no other pregnancies were detected. Almost all of the patients were happy with the procedure and recommended it to a friend. Essure microinsert is a safe, effective, minimally invasive sterilization method which can be performed in outpatient settings without any anesthesia requirement. It appears to be a good alternative to laparoscopic tubal sterilization. The procedure time and the time to discharge are brief. Patient tolerance during the procedure and at long-term

  18. Long-term heart disease and stroke mortality among former American prisoners of war of World War II and the Korean Conflict: results of a 50-year follow-up. (United States)

    Page, W F; Brass, L M


    For the first 30 years after repatriation, former American prisoners of war (POWs) of World War II and the Korean Conflict had lower death rates for heart disease and stroke than non-POW veteran controls and the U.S. population, but subsequent morbidity data suggested that this survival advantage may have disappeared. We used U.S. federal records to obtain death data through 1996 and used proportional hazards analysis to compare the mortality experience of POWs and controls. POWs aged 75 years and older showed a significantly higher risk of heart disease deaths than controls (hazard ratio = 1.25; 95% confidence interval, 1.01-1.56), and their stroke mortality was also increased, although not significantly (hazard ratio = 1.13; 95% confidence interval, 0.66-1.91). These results suggest that circulatory disease sequelae of serious, acute malnutrition and the stresses associated with imprisonment may not appear until after many decades.

  19. Surgical fasciectomy of the trapezius muscle combined with neurolysis of the Spinal accessory nerve; results and long-term follow-up in 30 consecutive cases of refractory chronic whiplash syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Freeman Michael


    Full Text Available Abstract Background Chronic problems from whiplash trauma generally include headache, pain and neck stiffness that may prove refractory to conservative treatment modalities. As has previously been reported, such afflicted patients may experience significant temporary relief with injections of local anesthetic to painful trigger points in muscles of the shoulder and neck, or lasting symptomatic improvement through surgical excision of myofascial trigger points. In a subset of patients who present with chronic whiplash syndrome, the clinical findings suggest an affliction of the spinal accessory nerve (CN XI, SAN by entrapment under the fascia of the trapezius muscle. The present study was undertaken to assess the effectiveness of SAN neurolysis in chronic whiplash syndrome. Methods A standardized questionnaire and a linear visual-analogue scale graded 0-10 was used to assess disability related to five symptoms (pain, headache, insomnia, weakness, and stiffness before, and one year after surgery in a series of thirty consecutive patients. Results The preoperative duration of symptoms ranged from seven months to 13 years. The following changes in disability scores were documented one year after surgery: Overall pain decreased from 9.5 +/- 0.9 to 3.2 +/- 2.6 (p Conclusions Entrapment of the spinal accessory nerve and/or chronic compartment syndrome of the trapezius muscle may cause chronic debilitating pain after whiplash trauma, without radiological or electrodiagnostic evidence of injury. In such cases, surgical treatment may provide lasting relief.

  20. Perioperative Risk Factors of Cardiac Allograft Vasculopathy in the Long-Term Follow-up. (United States)

    Szyguła-Jurkiewicz, B; Zakliczyński, M; Szczurek, W; Skrzypek, M; Gąsior, M; Zembala, M


    Cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) still remains to be one of the most important limiting factors for heart transplant recipients' long-term survival. The aim of our study was to identify the perioperative risk factors impacting the occurrence of CAV during the long-term follow-up. We retrospectively analysed the data from 198 consecutive adult patients, who underwent heart transplantation between 2007 and 2012, in whom at least one routine coronarography (CAG) was performed. CAV onset was defined as any lesion seen at least at one routine CAG. The average follow-up was 63.6 ± 14.7 months. The frequency of CAV in the analysed population was 36 (18.1%). Multivariate stepwise logistic regression analysis confirmed that NT-proBNP plasma concentration directly before heart transplant [logNT-proBNP OR = 16.455 (4.587-31.036), P < .0001], fibrinogen plasma concentration a month after heart transplant [OR = 1.022 (1.009-1.035), P < .001] and occurrence of diabetes [OR = 12.355 (1.417-35.750), P < .001], were independent predictors of CAV. Area under the ROC curves (AUC) indicated a well discriminatory power of plasma fibrinogen [AUC 0.9278, P < .001] and plasma NTproBNP concentration [AUC 0.9514, P < .001] in CAV prediction. The optimal cut-off value of fibrinogen was 509 mg/dL, and of NT-proBNP was 10080 pg/mL. Our data show that NT-proBNP and fibrinogen plasma concentrations as well as occurence of diabetes, both preexisting and new onset after heart transplant can be used to identify patients at risk of developing CAV. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Long-term follow-up of children thought to have temporary brittle bone disease

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    Paterson CR


    Full Text Available Colin R Paterson1, Elizabeth A Monk21Department of Medicine (retired, 2School of Accounting and Finance, University of Dundee, Dundee, ScotlandBackground: In addition to nonaccidental injury, a variety of bone disorders may underlie the finding of unexplained fractures in young children. One controversial postulated cause is temporary brittle bone disease, first described in 1990.Methods: Eighty-five patients with fractures showing clinical and radiological features of temporary brittle bone disease were the subject of judicial hearings to determine whether it was appropriate for them to return home. Sixty-three patients did, and follow-up information was available for 61 of these. The mean follow-up period was 6.9 years (range 1–17, median 6.Results: We found that none of the children had sustained any further injuries that were thought to represent nonaccidental injury; no child was re-removed from home. Three children had fractures. In each case there was general agreement that the fractures were accidental. Had the original fractures in these children been the result of nonaccidental injury, it would have been severe and repeated; the average number of fractures was 9.1.Conclusion: The fact that no subsequent suspicious injuries took place after return home is consistent with the view that the fractures were unlikely to have been caused by nonaccidental injury, and that temporary brittle bone disease is a distinctive and identifiable disorder.Keywords: fractures, osteogenesis imperfecta, temporary brittle bone disease, nonaccidental injury

  2. Early juvenile arthritis – results of two-year follow up

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    S O Salugina


    Full Text Available Objective. To study clinical and laboratory manifestations of different variants of juvenile arthritis (JA at the disease onset and during prospective two-year follow up. Material and methods. The study was performed as a part of Institute of Rheumatology early arthritis examination program RADIKAL. 130 pts with early JA (60,7% - girls with disease duration from 2 weeks to 6 months (mean 2,9±1,6 months aged 1,5- 16 years (mean 7,9±5,0 years were included. 13 (10% pts had systemic, 45 (34,6% – polyarticular and 72 (55,4% – olygoarticular variant of JA. General state, joint status, systemic and organ manifestation as well as immunological parameters (ANF, RF, disease activity, functional class (by Steinbrocker and CHAQ were assessed at baseline, and after 6, 12, 24 months of follow up. Results. Oligoarticular variant prevailed at onset and after 2 years (57,6%-55,6%. Systemic features were noted in reduced form as single manifestations. Morning stiffness was absent in half of children and lasted more than 1 hour in 16,4% of pts. After 2 years number of pts with morning stiffness significantly decreased and its duration diminished. Rheumatoid nodules appeared in 1 pt after 1 year. Uveitis developed in 7 children (5,3% and to the end of follow up it appeared in 2 more pts. Most of pts had minimal or moderate functional disability (FK 1,2 and CHAQ 0,1-1,5 during follow up. Disease activity at onset did not exceed 1 or 2 stage (80,2% and after 2 years the disease was not active in half of pts. To the end of follow up remission was achieved in 59% of pts, more often in those who received disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs. In 23,2% of pts mostly in those with polyarthritis JA continued to recur independently on treatment. Conclusion. Timely administered complex therapy hampered disease progression, induced remission and improved quality of life in most children with JA. Pts with olygoarthritis had most favorable course of the disease. Pts

  3. Physical activity and dementia: long-term follow-up study of adult twins. (United States)

    Iso-Markku, Paula; Waller, Katja; Kujala, Urho M; Kaprio, Jaakko


    Physical activity is associated with a decreased occurrence of dementia. In twins, we investigated the effect of persistent physical activity in adulthood on mortality due to dementia. Physical activity was queried in 1975 and 1981 from the members of the older Finnish Twin Cohort (n = 21,791), who were aged 24-60 years at the end of 1981. The subjects were divided into three categories according to the persistence of their vigorous physical activity. Dementia deaths were followed up to the end of 2011. During the 29-year follow-up, 353 subjects died of dementia. In individual-based analyses the age- and sex-adjusted hazard ratio (HR) was 0.65 (95% CI 0.43-0.98) for subjects partaking in vigorous physical activities in both 1975 and 1981 compared to those who were inactive in both years. No significant change was observed after adjusting for potential confounding factors. The corresponding HR for within-pair comparisons of the less active twin versus the more active co-twin was 0.48 (95% CI 0.17-1.32). The results for analyses of the volume of physical activity were inconclusive. Persistent vigorous leisure-time physical activity protects from dementia, and the effect appears to remain after taking into account childhood environment.

  4. Long-term follow-up of beryllium sensitized workers from a single employer

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    Curtis Anne M


    Full Text Available Abstract Background Up to 12% of beryllium-exposed American workers would test positive on beryllium lymphocyte proliferation test (BeLPT screening, but the implications of sensitization remain uncertain. Methods Seventy two current and former employees of a beryllium manufacturer, including 22 with pathologic changes of chronic beryllium disease (CBD, and 50 without, with a confirmed positive test were followed-up for 7.4 +/-3.1 years. Results Beyond predicted effects of aging, flow rates and lung volumes changed little from baseline, while DLCO dropped 17.4% of predicted on average. Despite this group decline, only 8 subjects (11.1% demonstrated physiologic or radiologic abnormalities typical of CBD. Other than baseline status, no clinical or laboratory feature distinguished those who clinically manifested CBD at follow-up from those who did not. Conclusions The clinical outlook remains favorable for beryllium-sensitized individuals over the first 5-12 years. However, declines in DLCO may presage further and more serious clinical manifestations in the future. These conclusions are tempered by the possibility of selection bias and other study limitations.

  5. Long-term follow-up of tacrolimus treatment in immune posterior uveitis. (United States)

    Figueroa, M S; Ciancas, E; Orte, L


    To study the efficacy of tacrolimus in immune posterior uveitis. Twenty-one eyes of 11 patients with immune posterior uveitis under tacrolimus treatment were prospectively followed for 1 to 5 years. Tacrolimus dosage was adjusted to maintain blood levels in the range of 7 to 10 ng/mL. Systemic and ophthalmic evaluations were performed at baseline and during follow-up. After a mean follow-up of 45 months, no treatment other than tacrolimus was necessary to control the inflammation in 6 cases (54.5%). The number of annual recurrences decreased from 3.2 to 1.29 during tacrolimus treatment (p=0.021). In four patients, tacrolimus was suspended after a treatment period of 27+/-3.5 months and a follow-up period of 12 months free of uveitis relapses. All four were free from relapses following tacrolimus withdrawal. Visual acuity remained unchanged in 16/21 (76%) eyes, deteriorated in 4/21 (19%), and improved in 1/21 (5%). Renal function transiently deteriorated in four patients from basal serum creatinine levels of 0.84, 1.1, 0.88, and 0.78 mg/dL to maximum levels of 1.33, 2.48, 1.38, and 1.39 mg/dL, respectively. This deterioration was directly related with elevated tacrolimus serum levels, returning to normal when doses were reduced. During the overall controlled evolution period, a slight increase of serum creatinine from a basal value of 0.89+/-0.2 mg/dL to a final of 1+/-0.19 mg/dL was detected, which was not statistically significant. All secondary effects were mild, transient, and did not require interruption of long-term treatment to be controlled. Tacrolimus was well tolerated and useful in controlling posterior immune uveitis. Tacrolimus could be considered a real alternative to cyclosporine, and not only in cases of cyclosporine resistance or toxicity.

  6. Long-term outcomes of bariatric surgery in adolescents with severe obesity (FABS-5+): a prospective follow-up analysis. (United States)

    Inge, Thomas H; Jenkins, Todd M; Xanthakos, Stavra A; Dixon, John B; Daniels, Stephen R; Zeller, Meg H; Helmrath, Michael A


    Little is known about the long-term outcomes of bariatric surgery for severe adolescent obesity, raising questions about the durability of early responses to surgery. We aimed to analyse long-term (>5 years) outcomes of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in a cohort of young adults who had undergone the operation during adolescence, in the Follow-up of Adolescent Bariatric Surgery at 5 Plus Years (FABS-5+) extension study. A cohort of young people aged 13-21 years underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass for clinically severe obesity at a paediatric academic medical centre in the USA. We did a prospective follow-up analysis of these patients' outcomes 5-12 years after surgery. Outcomes assessed included BMI, comorbidities, micronutrient status, safety, and other risks. The FABS study is registered with, number NCT00776776. Between May, 2001, and February, 2007, 74 young people underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in the FABS study. Of these, 58 individuals were eligible for the FABS-5+ study, could be located, and agreed to follow-up assessment. At baseline, the mean age of the cohort was 17·1 years (SD 1·7) and mean BMI was 58·5 kg/m(2) (10·5). At mean follow-up of 8·0 years (SD 1·6; range 5·4-12·5), the mean age of the cohort was 25·1 years (2·4) and mean BMI was 41·7 kg/m(2) (12·0; mean change in BMI -29·2% [13·7]). From baseline to long-term follow-up, significant declines were recorded in the prevalence of elevated blood pressure (27/57 [47%] vs 9/55 [16%]; p=0·001), dyslipidaemia (48/56 [86%] vs 21/55 [38%]; p<0·0001), and type 2 diabetes (9/56 [16%] vs 1/55 [2%]; p=0·03). At follow-up, 25 (46%) of 58 patients had mild anaemia (ie, not requiring intervention), 22 (45%) had hyperparathyroidism, and eight (16%) had low amounts of vitamin B12 (ie, below the normal cutpoint). Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery resulted in substantial and durable bodyweight reduction and cardiometabolic benefits for young adults. Long-term health maintenance after

  7. Treatment of Visceral Aneurysm Using Multilayer Stent: Two-Year Follow-Up Results in Five Consecutive Patients

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    Balderi, Alberto, E-mail:; Antonietti, Alberto, E-mail:; Pedrazzini, Fulvio, E-mail:; Sortino, Davide, E-mail:; Vinay, Claudia, E-mail:; Grosso, Maurizio, E-mail: [AO Santa Croce e Carle Hospital, Department of Radiology (Italy)


    Purpose: The present study was performed to analyze the midterm results (five consecutive patients, 2-year follow-up) of the endovascular management of visceral artery aneurysms using the Cardiatis Multilayer Flow Modulator (CMFM) (Cardiatis, Isnes, Belgium), a self-expandable stent. Materials and Methods: From August 2009 to January 2011, we implanted five CMFMs in five patients (all men; mean age 73 years) to treat two common hepatic artery aneurysms, one celiac trunk aneurysm, one splenic artery aneurysm, and one superior mesenteric artery aneurysm (diameter 25-81 mm). The primary end point was technical success. The secondary end point was stent patency, absence of aneurysm rupture or reperfusion, and shrinking of the sac at 6-, 12-, and 24-month follow-up using computed tomography angiography. Follow-up ranged from 24 to 48 months (mean 31.2). Results: Technical success was achieved in all patients. Complete exclusion of the aneurysm with sac shrinking was achieved in two patients. Two stents became occluded at 6- and 24-month follow-up, respectively; both patients were asymptomatic and were not retreated. One patient developed sac reperfusion due to incomplete aneurysm exclusion. Conclusion: Long-term results in a wider population are needed to validate the effectiveness of the CMFM.

  8. Anti-Borna disease virus antibody responses in psychiatric patients: long-term follow up. (United States)

    Heinrich, Alexander; Adamaszek, Michael


    Data suggesting a pathogenetic role for Borna disease virus (BDV) in neuropsychiatric diseases are still inconclusive and it is unknown whether humans become persistently infected or clear the virus infection. The aim of the present study was therefore to investigate long-term BDV-specific antibody responses in psychiatric patients in order to gain new insights into human BDV infection and its pathogenicity. BDV-specific antibody titers and associations with clinical conditions were studied retrospectively in 94 seropositive patients with schizophrenia (n = 46), affective disorders (n = 19) and other psychiatric disorders (n = 29) who had been repeatedly tested for the presence of BDV-specific antibodies on indirect immunofluorescence assay between 1985 and 2006. Long-term titer dynamics were studied in 46 patients followed up for a period of >36 months. A total of 25 of these 46 patients (54.3%) had persistent seropositivity, whereas seroreversion from positive to negative was observed in 21 (45.7%). Patients in the early course of schizophrenia had lower antibody titers compared to patients in the advanced course (P = 0.017), while a higher proportion of patients in the early course had titer increases (P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in antibody titers between patient subgroups with clinically stable and acute psychiatric disorders. Persistent seropositivity in a subgroup of psychiatric patients in the long-term analysis suggests chronic BDV infection in humans.

  9. Long-term follow up of revascularization using platelet-rich fibrin. (United States)

    Ray, Herbert L; Marcelino, Janel; Braga, Raquel; Horwat, Richard; Lisien, Michael; Khaliq, Shahryar


    Trauma is one of the primary causes of tooth loss and pulpal injury in adolescents and children. Prior to regenerative endodontics, treatment of necrotic, immature teeth with open apices was limited to long-term calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)2 ) apexification and subsequent root canal therapy or extraction. Through revascularization, retention of these teeth can be achieved and the elimination of patient symptoms and the radiographic appearance of continued root development were obtained. This report illustrates a revascularization protocol through a case where platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) was utilized as an autologous scaffold for traumatized, necrotic, immature teeth with incomplete root development. Through consistent follow-up reports, comprising of both clinical examination and radiographs, marked improvement in the condition of the traumatized tooth was noted. This case demonstrates the feasibility of utilizing PRF as an effective treatment protocol for traumatized teeth in lieu of traditional treatment protocols, such as long-term calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)2 ) apexification or extraction. The choice of utilizing PRF, as opposed to other platelet concentrates, such as platelet-rich plasma (PRP) or a blood clot, lies in PRF's ability to allow for a slow, long-term release of autologous growth factors. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  10. Tai Chi for treating knee osteoarthritis: Designing a long-term follow up randomized controlled trial

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    Rones Ramel


    Full Text Available Abstract Background Knee Osteoarthritis (KOA is a major cause of pain and functional impairment among elders. Currently, there are neither feasible preventive intervention strategies nor effective medical remedies for the management of KOA. Tai Chi, an ancient Chinese mind-body exercise that is reported to enhance muscle function, balance and flexibility, and to reduce pain, depression and anxiety, may safely and effectively be used to treat KOA. However, current evidence is inconclusive. Our study examines the effects of a 12-week Tai Chi program compared with an attention control (wellness education and stretching on pain, functional capacity, psychosocial variables, joint proprioception and health status in elderly people with KOA. The study will be completed by July 2009. Methods/Design Forty eligible patients, age > 55 yr, BMI ≤ 40 kg/m2 with tibiofemoral osteoarthritis (American College of Rheumatology criteria are identified and randomly allocated to either Tai Chi (10 modified forms from classical Yang style Tai Chi or attention control (wellness education and stretching. The 60-minute intervention sessions take place twice weekly for 12 weeks. The study is conducted at an urban tertiary medical center in Boston, Massachusetts. The primary outcome measure is the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities (WOMAC pain subscale at 12 weeks. Secondary outcomes include weekly WOMAC pain, function and stiffness scores, patient and physician global assessments, lower-extremity function, knee proprioception, depression, self-efficacy, social support, health-related quality of life, adherence and occurrence of adverse events after 12, 24 and 48 weeks. Discussion In this article, we present the challenges of designing a randomized controlled trial with long-term follow up. The challenges encountered in this design are: strategies for recruitment, avoidance of selection bias, the actual practice of Tai Chi, and the maximization of adherence/follow-up

  11. Long-term cognitive follow-up of Parkinson's disease patients with impulse control disorders. (United States)

    Siri, Chiara; Cilia, Roberto; Reali, Elisa; Pozzi, Beatrice; Cereda, Emanuele; Colombo, Aurora; Meucci, Nicoletta; Canesi, Margherita; Zecchinelli, Anna L; Tesei, Silvana; Mariani, Claudio B; Sacilotto, Giorgio; Zini, Michela; Pezzoli, Gianni


    This study investigated cognitive functions in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients with impulse control disorders (ICDs) and aimed to identify possible predictors of behavioral outcome. In this longitudinal cohort study, 40 PD outpatients with ICDs and 40 without, were matched for sex, age at PD onset, age and disease duration at cognitive assessment. All patients had two neuropsychological assessments at least 2 years apart (mean, 3.5 years). Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to identify predictors of ICDs remission at follow-up. The PD patients with and without ICDs had overall comparable cognitive performance at baseline. When evaluating changes between baseline and follow-up, we found significant group × time interactions in several frontal lobe-related tests, with the ICDs group showing a less pronounced worsening over time. ICDs remission was associated with better performance at baseline in working memory-related tasks, such as digit span (odds ratio [OR] = 2.69 [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.09-6.66]) and attentive matrices (OR=1.19 [95%CI, 1.03-1.37]). ICDs remitters and non-remitters had no remarkable differences in baseline PD-related features and therapy management strategies (including the extent of dopamine agonist dose reduction). In conclusion, ICDs in PD patients are not related to greater cognitive impairment or executive dysfunction, but rather show relatively lower cognitive decline over time. The impaired top-down inhibitory control characterizing ICDs is likely attributable to a drug-induced overstimulation of relatively preserved prefrontal cognitive functions. Full behavioral remission in the long term was predicted by better working memory abilities. © 2015 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society. © 2015 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.

  12. Primary aldosteronism: functional histopathology and long-term follow-up after unilateral adrenalectomy. (United States)

    Volpe, Cristina; Hamberger, Bertil; Höög, Anders; Mukai, Kuniaki; Calissendorff, Jan; Wahrenberg, Hans; Zedenius, Jan; Thorén, Marja


    To investigate the long-term outcome after unilateral adrenalectomy in patients with primary aldosteronism (PA) and to establish the role of functional pathology for the final diagnosis of aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA) or hyperplasia. A single-centre, retrospective cohort study in a hospital setting. Consecutive patients with PA, n = 120, who underwent unilateral adrenalectomy between 1985 and 2010. Preoperative and postoperative data were analysed. To indicate the site of aldosterone secretion in the resected adrenal, we added functional methods to routine histopathology, using in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry to detect the presence of enzymes needed for aldosterone (CYP11B2) and cortisol (CYP11B1, CYP17A1) synthesis. The median follow-up was 5 years and the cure rate of PA 91%. Hypertension was improved in 97% and normalized in 38%. Functional histopathology changed the final diagnosis from APA to hyperplasia in 6 cases (7%). Five of these had no expression of or staining for aldosterone synthase in the adenoma, but only in nodules in the adjacent cortex. All except one APA patient were cured of PA. They had lower preoperative serum potassium and higher 24-h urinary aldosterone than patients with hyperplasia. Among patients with hyperplasia 16 of 26 were cured. Most patients were cured of PA by unilateral adrenalectomy. Almost all noncured benefitted from the operation as the blood pressure improved. Functional histopathology proved helpful in the distinction between APA and hyperplasia, and we recommend that functional histopathology should be added to routine histopathology to improve the diagnostic evaluation and aid in tailoring the follow-up. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  13. Prevention of marital instability and distress. Results of an 11-year longitudinal follow-up study. (United States)

    Hahlweg, Kurt; Richter, Diana


    Divorce and destructive couple conflict are major risk factors for many forms of dysfunction and psychopathology in the family. Couple relationship education has been offered in an attempt to reduce those risks and enhance couple outcomes. The current effectiveness study had two aims: to assess (a) the long-term effects of relationship education and (b) the ability of partners to remember the skills typically taught during the communication skills training. One hundred and one couples from two studies, in which the effectiveness of the EPL (Ein Partnerschaftliches Lernprogramm für Paare [A Learning Program for Married Couples]) was investigated, were followed-up 11 years after the training. In the first study, EPL-takers had a significantly lower divorce and separation rate (27.5%) than non-EPL-takers (52.6%). This finding was replicated in a second study, showing a 20% dissolution rate in EPL-takers. For those couples still together, the rate of happy relationships was 80% at the eleven-year follow-up - thus, there is optimism for longer married couples who are willing to focus on improving their relationships. Only about 55% of the partners could remember at least one speaker skill whereas 70% remembered at least one listening skill taught during EPL. Consequences for prevention programs in the couple domain are discussed. Copyright 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. Laser evaporation versus laser excision of oral leukoplakia: A retrospective study with long-term follow-up. (United States)

    Del Corso, Giacomo; Gissi, Davide Bartolomeo; Tarsitano, Achille; Costabile, Enrico; Marchetti, Claudio; Montebugnoli, Lucio; Foschini, Maria Pia


    The study makes a comparison between two surgical approaches for the treatment of oral leukoplakia (OL) in terms of recurrence in a well-defined cohort of patients with a long-term follow-up period. The cohort consisted of 77 OL patients divided into 2 groups. Group 1: 47 patients treated with laser evaporation using a Nd:YAG laser. Group 2: 30 patients treated with a CO2 laser for excision. Clinical and histological examinations were performed for the diagnosis of OL before treatment. We included OLs with or without dysplasia. The mean follow-up period was 60 ± 32.49 months. Of the 77 patients, 22 (28.5%) showed recurrence during the follow-up period. No significant difference was found between the two treatments (χ(2) = 2.6; p = 0.2). However, CO2 laser excision resulted in better results than the Nd:YAG laser evaporation, considering the non-homogeneous OLs (χ(2) = 3.9; p = 0.04) and OLs with mild dysplasia (χ(2) = 4.6; p = 0.03). The study makes a comparison between our results and articles from the literature, and suggests when each of the two surgical approaches is most appropriate. Copyright © 2015 European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. Efficacy of corticosteroids in acute bronchiolitis: short-term and long-term follow-up. (United States)

    Berger, I; Argaman, Z; Schwartz, S B; Segal, E; Kiderman, A; Branski, D; Kerem, E


    Corticosteroids continue to be used by many physicians to treat infants with bronchiolitis. The aim of this study was to examine the short-term and long-term efficacy of oral corticosteroid therapy when added to beta2-agonists in infants with mild to moderate bronchiolitis (defined as the first episode of wheezing associated with low grade fever, rhinitis, tachypnea, and increased respiratory effort in a previously healthy infant during the winter months). Infants with mild to moderate bronchiolitis, were randomly assigned to receive either oral prednisone (2 mg/kg/day) or placebo for 3 days. All patients received nebulized albuterol q.i.d. during this period. Upon admission and after 3 days of therapy, a clinical score was assigned based on respiratory rate, use of accessory muscle, and the presence of wheeze. Oxygen saturation (SaO2) was also measured. On day 7, we inquired as to the well-being of each child. Two years later, the development of chronic respiratory symptoms was assessed. Thirty-eight infants were enrolled in the study; 20 received prednisone and 18 received placebo. Both groups were similar in terms of age, duration of illness prior to enrollment, pretrial medication use, clinical severity of bronchiolitis, history of atopy, and family history of atopy. After 3 and 7 days of treatment, both groups showed similar clinical improvement and there were no statistically significant differences between the two groups in the clinical score or in the SaO2. No major side effects were observed. Two years later, 32% of the infants continued to suffer from chronic respiratory symptoms, with a similar prevalence in both groups. We conclude that a 3-day course of oral corticosteroids is of no benefit to infants with mild to moderate bronchiolitis who are also treated with an inhaled beta2-agonist.

  16. Long-term follow-up of unilateral transfemoral amputees from the Vietnam war. (United States)

    Dougherty, Paul J


    Despite their frequency, few reports exist concerning the initial and long-term consequences of battle-incurred unilateral transfemoral amputations. A retrospective cohort design was used to measure the long-term health of transfemoral battle amputees treated at a single hospital during the Vietnam War. Data collection consisted of medical record abstraction and a follow-up questionnaire that included the SF-36 Health Survey. Forty-six patients responded to the survey an average of 28 years after injury. Compared with the controls, patient responses to the SF-36 were significantly (p < 0.01) less in all categories except Mental Health and Vitality. Forty-three (93.5%) are or have been married. Forty-one (89.1%) are or have been employed an average of 20.1 years. Forty patients (87%) wore a prosthesis an average of 13.5 h/day. Although the patients do relatively well with employment and marriage stability, the low SF-36 scores suggest a significant disability.

  17. Long Term Follow-Up of Dental Implants Placed in Autologous Onlay Bone Graft. (United States)

    Schwartz-Arad, Devorah; Ofec, Ronen; Eliyahu, Galit; Ruban, Angela; Sterer, Nir


    The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of autologous intraoral onlay bone grafting (OBG) in correlation with long-term survival rates of dental implants placed in the augmented bone. A retrospective study was conducted on 214 patients who received a total of 633 dental implants placed in 224 autologous intraoral block OBG augmentations, combined with Bio-Oss - mixed with platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and covered by platelet-poor plasma (PPP) - as scaffold, with a follow-up time up to 137 months (mean 39.9 ± 30.9 months). A total of 216 OBG cases were successful (96.4%), and most of the augmentations were uneventful (88.4%). Bone graft exposure was moderately associated with bone graft failure (χ(2)  = 3.76, p = .052). The healing period after implant placement was 4-6 months (mean 5.6 ± 2.56). The majority of the 591 implants survived (93.4%). The cumulative survival rate of the implants was 83%. We suggest that augmentation of severely atrophied jaw bone through the placement of horizontal and/or vertical intraoral OBGs in combination with Bio-Oss saturated with PRP and covered by PPP should be considered a reliable, safe, and very effective surgical technique for obtaining high bone graft survival rate and high long-term implant survival rate. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  18. The Darrach procedure defended: technique redefined and long-term follow-up. (United States)

    Tulipan, D J; Eaton, R G; Eberhart, R E


    Thirty-three patients with pain and decreased range of motion after traumatic derangement of the distal radioulnar and ulna-carpal joint were treated with a modified Darrach distal ulnar resection. Their ages ranged from 22 to 75 years (average, 50 years). Twenty-seven patients had Colles' or other distal radius fractures. Seven patients had ulnar resection for treatment of distal ulnar-carpal derangement. Follow-up averaged 54.4 months. The patients showed an average increase in extension of 58% and flexion increased by 40% (p less than 0.01). Pronation increased by 40% and supination increased by 60% (p less than 0.01). Average grip strength increased by 38% (p less than 0.05). Ninety-one percent good or excellent results were achieved with this procedure. The Darrach resection can predictably provide pain relief while improving strength and motion when attention is paid to minimal bony resection and meticulous soft tissue reconstruction.

  19. Long-Term Serological Follow-Up of Acute Q-Fever Patients after a Large Epidemic

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wielders, C.C.; Loenhout, J.A.F. van; Morroy, G.; Rietveld, A; Notermans, D.W.; Wever, P.C.; Renders, N.H.; Leenders, A.C.; Hoek, W. van der; Schneeberger, P.M.


    BACKGROUND: Serological follow-up of acute Q-fever patients is important for detection of chronic infection but there is no consensus on its frequency and duration. The 2007-2009 Q-fever epidemic in the Netherlands allowed for long-term follow-up of a large cohort of acute Q-fever patients. The aim

  20. Long-term follow-up of blunt cerebrovascular injuries: Does time heal all wounds? (United States)

    Laser, Adriana; Bruns, Brandon R; Kufera, Joseph A; Kim, Andrew I; Feeney, Timothy; Tesoriero, Ronald B; Lauerman, Margaret H; Sliker, Clint W; Scalea, Thomas M; Stein, Deborah M


    The short-term natural history of blunt cerebrovascular injuries (BCVIs) has been previously described in the literature, but the purpose of this study was to analyze long-term serial follow-up and lesion progression of BCVI. This is a single institution's retrospective review of a prospectively collected database over four years (2009-2013). All patients with a diagnosis of BCVI by computed tomographic (CT) scan were identified, and injuries were graded based on modified Denver scale. Management followed institutional algorithm: initial whole-body contrast-enhanced CT scan, followed by CT angiography at 24 to 72 hours, 5 to 7 days, 4 to 6 weeks, and 3 months after injury. All follow-up imaging, medication management, and clinical outcomes through 6 months following injury were recorded. There were 379 patients with 509 injuries identified. Three hundred eighty-one injuries were diagnosed as BCVI on first CT (Grade 1 injuries, 126; Grade 2 injuries, 116; Grade 3 injuries, 69; and Grade 4 injuries, 70); 100 "indeterminate" on whole-body CT; 28 injuries were found in patients reimaged only for lesions detected in other vessels. Sixty percent were male, mean (SD) age was 46.5 (19.9) years, 65% were white, and 62% were victims of a motor vehicle crash. Most frequently, Grade 1 injuries were resolved at all subsequent time points. Up to 30% of Grade 2 injuries worsened, but nearly 50% improved or resolved. Forty-six percent of injuries originally not detected were subsequently diagnosed as Grade 3 injuries. Greater than 70% of all imaged Grade 3 and Grade 4 injuries remained unchanged at all subsequent time points. This study revealed that there are many changes in grade throughout the six-month time period, especially the lesions that start out undetectable or indeterminate, which become various grade injuries. Low-grade injuries (Grades 1 and 2) are likely to remain stable and eventually resolve. Higher-grade injuries (Grades 3 and 4) persist, many up to six months

  1. Retrobulbar Hemodynamics and Visual Field Progression in Normal Tension Glaucoma: A Long-Term Follow-Up Study

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    D. Kuerten


    Full Text Available Purpose. Vascular risk factors are important factors in the pathogenesis of glaucoma. The purpose of this research was to investigate retrobulbar hemodynamics and visual field progression in patients with normal tension glaucoma (NTG. Patients and Methods. 31 eyes of 16 patients with NTG were included in a retrospective long-term follow-up study. Colour Doppler imaging was performed at baseline to determine various CDI parameters in the different retrobulbar vessels. The rate of visual field progression was determined using the Visual Field Index (VFI progression rate per year (in %. To be included in the analysis, patients had at least 4 visual field examinations with a follow-up of at least 2 years. Results. Mean follow-up was 7.6 ± 4.1 years with an average of 10 ± 5 visual field tests. The mean MD (mean defect at baseline was −7.61 ± 7.49 dB. The overall VFI progression was −1.14 ± 1.40% per year. A statistical significant correlation between VFI progression and the RI of the NPCA and PSV of the CRA was found. Conclusion. Long-term visual field progression may be linked to impaired retrobulbar hemodynamics in patients with NTG only to a limited degree. Interpretation of the data for an individual patient seems to be limited due to the variability of parameters.

  2. Long-Term Follow-up of Patent Ductus Arteriosus Closure with the Amplatzer Duct Occluder in Children

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    Mostafa Behjati-Ardakani


    Full Text Available Background: Transcatheter closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA has become an alternative treatment to surgery. We evaluated the long-term results of the transcatheter closure of PDA with the Amplatzer Duct Occluder (ADO in children.Methods: Between May 2004 and October 2012, 138 children with PDA (43 males and 95 females underwent transcatheter PDA closure. Clinical, electrocardiographic, echocardiographic, and hemodynamic data were assessed pre and postprocedurally and at follow-up.Results: The mean age of the patients at procedure was 3.53 ± 2.43 years (range = 1.1 to 9.5 years, mean weight was11.9±4.6 kg (range = 6 to 29 kg, median pulmonary end diameter of the PDA was 5 mm (range = 4 to 15 mm, and median diameter of the ADO was 8 mm (range = 6 to 16 mm. The mean follow-up time was 43.4 ± 23.5 months (range = 13.5 to98 months.The devices were successfully deployed in 136 (98.5% patients. Device embolization occurred in 2 patients, immediately in one patient and during the first postprocedural night in the other patient. The first patient had percutaneous device retrieval, followed by implantation of a larger device. The second patient had surgical device removal and PDA ligation. Immediately after device implantation, trivial to mild residual shunts were detected in 112 (80% patients; all the shunts, however, disappeared 24 hours after the procedure. One patient had left pulmonary artery stenosis with a gradient of 25 mm Hg at 24 hours', 40 mmHg at one month's, and 64 mmHg at 6 months' follow-up. There were no cases of late embolization, aortic obstruction, late hemolysis, infective endocarditis, or death.Conclusion: Transcatheter PDA closure with the ADO was safe and effective, with a high success rate at long-term follow-up.

  3. Changes of intima-media thickness in marathon runners: A mid-term follow-up. (United States)

    Müller, Jan; Dahm, Valeria; Lorenz, Elke S; Pressler, Axel; Haller, Bernhard; Grabs, Viola; Halle, Martin; Scherr, Johannes


    Objective Carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) is used to assess cardiovascular risk and progression of atherosclerosis. It is known that regular physical activity of moderate intensity has beneficial effects on the vasculature. However, it is still discussed controversially whether prolonged exercise, including participation in exhaustive competitive sports such as long-distance races, has also beneficial effects or might even be harmful regarding the cardiovascular system. Patients and methods Thirty-eight male marathon runners (45.8 ± 7.3 years) were investigated twice (2009 and 2013) for their carotid IMT (using ultrasound techniques), anthropometrics and clinical chemistry. Additionally, training volume (running kilometres per year) and competition participation (half marathon, marathon and ultramarathon) within this follow-up period were assessed. Results During 3.8 ± 0.4 years of follow-up, runners performed 1587 (850-2500) training kilometres per year and participated in a total of 7 (4-12) long distance competitions. IMT increased in total by 0.05 ± 0.09 mm or annually by 0.013 ± 0.023 mm, respectively. Higher increase in IMT over that period was associated with higher fasting blood glucose (beta = .355, p = .045) at baseline examination. Effects of training volume and number of competitions on the progression of IMT could not be demonstrated in our longitudinal analysis. Conclusions Higher blood glucose levels are associated with detrimental effects on vasculature in otherwise healthy male marathon runners. Regular marathon training, including competition participation over at least several years, was not associated with detrimental effects on IMT or, vice versa, seems not to provide beneficial effects on vasculature.

  4. Determinants of adequate follow-up of an abnormal Papanicolaou result among Jamaican women in Portland, Jamaica (United States)

    Jeong, Su Jin; Saroha, Ekta; Knight, Jeremy; Roofe, Michele; Jolly, Pauline E.


    Background Among Jamaican women, cervical cancer is the second leading cause of cancer mortality but factors that facilitate follow-up of women receiving abnormal Pap smear results are not known. We examined whether socio-demographic factors, factors reported by the women, and assistance received for follow-up facilitate adequate follow-up of abnormal Pap smears. Methods One hundred-and-twenty-one women who had abnormal Pap results during June 1998–September 2005 in Portland, Jamaica were interviewed to identify determinants of adequate follow-up. Chi-square, t-test and multivariable logistic regression analysis were used to identify determinants. Results Only half of the women in this sample sought adequate follow-up. These women had a lower number of surviving children, higher monthly income, and perceived the cost of services to be inexpensive. Advice about the timing of the follow-up activity and the next step to take by the healthcare workers were significant determinants of adequate follow-up. Women who received advice on the timing of follow-up were almost six times (adjusted OR: 5.99, 95% CI: 1.17, 30.66, p<0.05) more likely to seek adequate follow-up after adjusting for other factors. Conclusions Perceived low cost of services as well as assistance provided by healthcare workers regarding follow-up action helps to facilitate adequate follow-up of abnormal Pap smear results. PMID:20688592

  5. Hypothyroidism is common in turner syndrome: results of a five-year follow-up. (United States)

    El-Mansoury, Mostafa; Bryman, Inger; Berntorp, Kerstin; Hanson, Charles; Wilhelmsen, Lars; Landin-Wilhelmsen, Kerstin


    Turner syndrome (TS) is caused by a sex chromosome aberration. The aim was to study the prevalence and incidence of thyroid disease in adults with TS. Women with TS (n = 91; mean age, 37.7 +/- 11 yr) were compared with an age-matched female random population sample (n = 228). At baseline, 15 (16%) TS women were treated for hypothyroidism, and elevated serum TSH was found in another eight (9%). As a result, hypothyroidism was more common in women with TS (25%) than in controls (2%; P < 0.0001). Serum free T4 was lower (P = 0.02), and serum TSH was higher (P < 0.0001) in TS women than in age-matched controls. Of all TS women with hypothyroidism, 10 (43%) had an elevated thyroid peroxidase antibody titer vs. 15 (22%) of those without hypothyroidism (P < 0.05), evenly distributed between the karyotype 45,X and mosaicism. A high body mass index, but not a family history or blood lipids, was associated with hypothyroidism in TS. After the 5-yr follow-up, an additional 11 (16%) developed hypothyroidism, of whom four (36%) had elevated thyroid peroxidase. Altogether, 34 (37%) TS women had hypothyroidism after the 5-yr follow-up. Autoimmune hypothyroidism was common, with an annual incidence of 3.2% in TS. Thyroid function should be checked regularly in TS.

  6. Long-term Follow-up of a Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Scarf to Chevron Osteotomy in Hallux Valgus Correction. (United States)

    Jeuken, Ralph M; Schotanus, Martijn G M; Kort, Nanne P; Deenik, Axel; Jong, Bob; Hendrickx, Roel P M


    Hallux valgus is one of the most common foot deformities. This long-term follow-up study compared the results of 2 widely used operative treatments for hallux valgus: the scarf and chevron osteotomy. Conventional weight bearing anteroposterior (AP) radiographs of the foot were made for evaluating the intermetatarsal angle and hallux valgus angle. For clinical evaluation, the American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society (AOFAS) rating system for the hallux metatarsophalangeal-interphalangeal scale was used together with physical examination of the foot. These data were compared with the results from the original study. The Short Form 36 questionnaire, the Manchester-Oxford Foot Questionnaire (MOXFQ), and a general questionnaire including a visual analog scale (VAS) pain score were used for subjective evaluation. The primary outcome measures were the radiologic recurrence of hallux valgus and reoperation rate of the same toe. Secondary outcome measures were the results from the radiographs and subjective and clinical evaluation. The response rate was 76% at the follow-up of 14 years; in the chevron group, 37 feet were included compared with 36 feet in the scarf group. Twenty-eight feet in the chevron group and 27 in the scarf group developed recurrence of hallux valgus (P = .483). One patient in the scarf group had a reoperation of the same toe compared with none in the chevron group (P = .314). Current VAS pain scores and results from the SF-36, MOXFQ, and AOFAS did not significantly differ between groups. Both techniques showed similar results after 2 years of follow-up. At 14 years of follow-up, neither technique was superior in preventing recurrence. Level II, randomized controlled trial. © The Author(s) 2016.

  7. Treatment and long term outcome in West syndrome: the clinical reality. A multicentre follow up study. (United States)

    Lagae, Lieven; Verhelst, Helène; Ceulemans, Berten; De Meirleir, Linda; Nassogne, Marie-Cécile; De Borchgrave, Valerie; D'Hooghe, Marc; Foulon, Martine; Van Bogaert, Patrick


    We systematically reviewed the files of 51 infants presenting with infantile spasms and hypsarrhythmia in order to study the initial treatment strategies and the long term outcome. 80% of the infants were classified as symptomatic. In the nine participating centres, different treatment protocols were used, but the large majority of the children received vigabatrin as first line treatment. Second line options included hormonal treatment, topiramate and valproate. The time to reach cessation of infantile spasms was significantly shorter in the cryptogenic group than in the symptomatic group (50% at 13 days versus 66 days respectively) and was irrespective of the treatment used. The late follow up data (>2 years) showed that 60% of the children had epilepsy and that 75% of the children had a delay in their psychomotor development. Again, outcome in the cryptogenic group was better than in the symptomatic group, but also in the cryptogenic group, 50% of the children had a clear developmental delay, even if spasms were controlled early in the course of the disease. Our retrospective study illustrates that not only the underlying brain dysfunction is the major determinant for later outcome in infantile spasms (symptomatic group) but also even a short period of infantile spasms can be responsible for later developmental delay (cryptogenic group). (c) 2010 British Epilepsy Association. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. Long-term follow-up of patients eligible, deferred, or ineligible for heart transplantation. (United States)

    Chiribiri, Amedeo; Anselmino, Matteo; Del Grosso, Angela; Trevi, Gian Paolo; Bobbio, Marco


    When a patient is referred to a heart transplantation center, the patient and the physician should know the predicted long-term survival according to the first transplant committee decision. The aim of the study was to describe the follow-up of patients with heart failure referred to a heart transplantation center according to the initial decision to include (eligible), exclude (ineligible), or postpone (deferred) cardiac transplantation. The study cohort consisted of 852 consecutive patients. Univariate and trend analyses were performed by classification of data into tertiles according to the date of the first visit. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to assess overall survival and probability of receiving a transplant. The Cox hazard model was used to identify predictors of survival. Transplantation incidence in the 3 groups (eligible, deferred, and ineligible) was 60%, 19%, and 5%, respectively. The 1-, 3-, 5-, and 10-year survival rates were 74%, 58%, 49%, and 37% among eligible patients; 87%, 72%, 62%, and 45% among deferred; and 69%, 50%, 39%, and 19% among ineligible patients (p < 0.001). The 10-year survival was 65% for eligible patients who received the transplant and 8.8% for eligible patients who did not receive the transplant. Transplantation was the most powerful predictor of survival. The initial decision identified 3 groups of patients with different survival rates. Heart transplantation increases the survival of eligible patients at a rate similar to that of less sick subjects for whom heart transplantation can be deferred.

  9. Chilean model for long-term follow-up of phenylketonuria (PKU

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    Verónica Cornejo


    Full Text Available Chilean newborn screening program began in 1984 through of a covenant between the National Ministry of Health and the Chilean University through its Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology (INTA with the aim of implementing a pilot study for neonatal detection of phenylketonuria (PKU in Santiago’s central area. In 1989 a program for neonatal diagnosis of PKU and congenital hypothyroidism (HC was initiated by INTA along with Santiago´s occidental health ministry rural area, which covered 20% of newborn population. PKU and HC had an incidence of 1:14,640 and 1:2000 living newborns respectively. These findings allowed the establishment of a favorable cost/benefit ratio which validated the implementation of a program with National character. In 1992 the Chilean Ministry of Health ruled the initiation of PKU and HC newborn screening program and by 1998 the coverage across the country was achieved. INTA is the National Reference Center for confirmation and long term treatment for PKU and HC patients. A follow-up program consists of medical, nutritional, neurological and psychological outcome evaluations as well as periodic biochemical testing in order to guarantee normal patient growth and development. To date 184 children have been diagnosed with classic or moderate PKU, all of them follow a strict monitoring program.

  10. The 2002 results of the second series of follow-up studies on Japanese Thorotrast patients

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    Sasaki, F. [Aichi Cancer Center Hospital, Nagoya (Japan); Mori, T. [Yokohama City Univ. School of Medicine, Yokohama (Japan); Hirota, Y. [National Higashi-Nagoya Hospital, Nagoya (Japan); Kyosawa, K. [Shinshu Univ. Medical School (Japan); Hayashi, S. [International Medical Center of Japan, Tokyo (Japan); Kido, C. [Kido Hospital, Toyohashi (Japan)


    The second series (Aichi series) of Japanese follow-up studies on thorotrast patients started in 1979 based on the results of a nation-wide X-ray survey on the upper abdomen of ex-serviceman who were war-wounded during the Manchurian campaign to world war II (1931-1945). The survey planned by the Ministry of Health and Welfare of Japanese Government was performed between 1975 and 1978 i.e. about 33-47 years after the injection of thorotrast into blood vessels. It aimed to detect the deposited thorotrast in the liver and spleen of war-wounded ex-servicemen. The thorotrast group in the second series consisted of 156 war-wounded ex-servicemen treated by intravascular route with thorotrast. Control patients were selected matching the 5-year-age-classes of thorotrast patients among ex-servicemen who were wounded by almost the same kind of wounds in these wars. The first survey in this second series of our follow-up studies was performed on January 1, 1979. The second and third survey performed in 1995 and 1998, respectively. This fourth 2002 survey was performed 23 years after the first 1979 survey. It revealed that only 8 (5.1%) of 156 thorotrast patients were alive and remaining 148 (94.9%) had died. Of the 915 controls, 264 (28.9%) were still alive and 651 (71.1%) had died. In spite of this second follow-up study began 25 years after the starting of the first follow-up study, the life span of thorotrast patients in the 2002 survey, 23 years after the beginning of this study, revealed significantly shorter period than that of controls [{chi} {sup 2} test (P <0, 001)]. The main causes of death of thorotrast patients in the 2002 survey were; liver malignancies (73 cases; 46.8%), liver cirrhosis (7 cases; 4.5%), cancer of the extrahepatic bile duct (5 cases; 3.2%), hematopoietic malignancies (6 cases; 3.8%), hemangiosarcoma of the spleen (3 cases; 1.9%) and lung cancer (7 cases; 4.5%). Among the controls, there were 20 cases (2.2%) of hepatic malignancies, 11 cases (1

  11. A posterolateral approach to occipitoatlantoaxial ventral lesions: a report of the long-term follow-up of 23 cases. (United States)

    Limin, Liu; Chunguang, Zhou; Yueming, Song; Siqing, Huang; Hao, Liu; Quan, Gong; Tao, Li; Jiancheng, Zeng; Faming, Luo


    patients recovered normal sensation with decreased limb muscle tension. Motor function was improved by >1 grade (5 patients with postoperative nerve injury recovered to preoperative levels or better). Long-term follow-up (>4 y) of 15 patients (10 patients by clinic visit and 5 patients by correspondence) indicated that the occipitoatlantoaxial regions were stable without local discomfort or loss of nerve function. Fourteen patients were able to care for themselves and some patients regained their ability to work. One patient felt no significant improvement after surgery and had no improvement in the quality of life. Transoccipitocervical posterolateral approach to occipitoatlantoaxial ventral lesions provides a broad and sterile operating field to perform anteroposterior decompression and occipitocervical spinal fusion simultaneously. Neurological improvement is significant, and the long-term follow-up results are satisfactory.

  12. Long-term follow-up after bariatric surgery in a national cohort. (United States)

    Thereaux, J; Lesuffleur, T; Païta, M; Czernichow, S; Basdevant, A; Msika, S; Millat, B; Fagot-Campagna, A


    Lifelong medical follow-up is mandatory after bariatric surgery. The aim of this study was to assess the 5-year follow-up after bariatric surgery in a nationwide cohort of patients. All adult obese patients who had undergone primary bariatric surgery in 2009 in France were included. Data were extracted from the French national health insurance database. Medical follow-up (medical visits, micronutrient supplementation and blood tests) during the first 5 years after bariatric surgery was assessed, and compared with national and international guidelines. Some 16 620 patients were included in the study. The percentage of patients with at least one reimbursement for micronutrient supplements decreased between the first and fifth years for iron (from 27.7 to 24.5 per cent; P bariatric surgery is poor, especially for young men with poor early follow-up. © 2017 BJS Society Ltd Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  13. Mid-term Follow-up of the Transcatheter Closure of Perimembranous Ventricular Septal Defects in Children Using the Amplatzer

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    Mehdi Ghaderian


    Full Text Available Background: The ventricular septal defect (VSD is the most common form of congenital heart defects. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of the early complications and mid-term follow-up of the transcatheter closure of the VSD using the Amplatzer VSD Occluder.Methods: Between April 2012 and October 2013, 110 patients underwent the percutaneous closure of the perimembranous VSD. During the procedure, the size and type of the VSD were obtained via ventriculography. A device at least 2 mm larger than the VSD diameter measured via ventriculography was deployed. The size of the VSD, size of the Amplatzer, and device-size to VSD-size ratio were calculated. After the confirmation of the suitable position of the device via echocardiography and left ventriculography, the device was released. Follow-up evaluations were done at discharge as well as at 1, 6, and 12 months and yearly thereafter for the VSD occlusion and complete heart block.Results: The study population comprised 62 females and 48 males. The mean age and weight of the patients at procedure were 4.3 ± 5.6 years (range: 2 to 14 and 14.9 ± 10.8 kg (range: 10 to 43. The average device size was 7.0 ± 2.5 mm (range: 4 to 14. The VSD occlusion rate was 72.8% at the completion of the procedure and rose up to 99.0% during the follow-up. The most serious significant complication was complete atrioventricular block, which was seen in 2 patients. The mean follow-up duration was 10.9 ± 3.6 months.Conclusion: The transcatheter closure of the perimembranous VSD was a safe and effective treatment with excellent closure rates in our study population. This procedure had neither mortality nor serious complications. 

  14. Clinical analysis and follow-up results of children with vasovagal syncope

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmet Midhat Elmacı


    Full Text Available Objective: Syncope is a common clinical problem that occurs at all ages and is particularly prevalent in childhood and adolescence. In this study we aimed to investigate the continuity of the symptoms and effectiveness of the therapy in patients who received medical therapy. In addition, we investigated the association of tilt positivity or negativity with the continual syncope complaints by repeating head-up tilt test (HUTT.Methods: Forty-nine patients with vasovagal syncope followed-up for 6 or more months were contacted with telephone call. Follow-up period, syncope and presyncopal attack frequency and status of drug usage of the patients were recorded. The HUTT was repeated in all patients. Data were evaluated by statistical methods.Results: There were 27 female (55% and 22 male (45% patients with a mean age of 14.9±7.9. The mean followup period was 15.6±8.9 months. No significant sexual differences were determined for the negativity and the positivity of the test (p>0.05. Tilt test positivity rate was significantly lower than the first tilt test (p<0.05. Among the patients with continual complaints whose first HUTT results were negative, the positivity rate of the repeated test was 40%. The negativity rates of second tilt test was significantly lower in syncope-free patients than in patients with continual syncope attacks (p<0.05. The impact of syncope complaints on the positivity of the HUTT were significantly higher than presyncope complaints (p<0.05. Conclusion: We suggested that HUTT must be repeated in pediatric patients with continual syncopal attacks even though the first test result was negative.Key words: vasovagal syncope, child, head-up tilt test, prognosis

  15. Long-term follow-up of Dupuytren disease after injection of triamcinolone acetonide in Chinese patients in Taiwan. (United States)

    Yin, C-Y; Yu, H-H M; Wang, J-P; Huang, Y-C; Huang, T-F; Chang, M-C


    Injection of triamcinolone acetonide is a non-operative treatment for early-stage Dupuytren disease in Caucasians, but its effectiveness in non-Caucasians is unclear. We report averaged 5-year follow-up results of 37 patients (49 affected hands) with early-stage Dupuytren disease for patients in Taiwan (non-Caucasian) who received a single dose of 5 mg triamcinolone acetonide injection into nodules monthly for 3 months. Using ultrasound, we recorded no progression of sizes of the modules following injection after 6 months. After an average 5-year follow-up, two patients with three hands (6%) experienced reactivation of the treated nodules. None required surgical intervention. Ultrasound examination showed that sizes of the treated Dupuytren nodules decreased significantly by 40% 6 months after injection and 56% at the final follow-up. We conclude that in these Chinese patients in Taiwan with early Dupuytren nodules, triamcinolone acetonide injection was effective in reducing the size of the Dupuytren nodules and maintaining long-term durable control of the nodular growth. III.

  16. The positive effect of posterolateral lumbar spinal fusion is preserved at long-term follow-up: a RCT with 11-13 year follow-up

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Thomas; Videbaek, Tina S; Hansen, Ebbe S


    patients originally randomised to posterolateral lumbar spinal fusion with or without pedicle screw instrumentation. Follow-up included Dallas Pain Questionnaire (DPQ), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), SF-36 and a question regarding willingness to undergo the procedure again knowing the result as global...... between the two groups were observed (instrumented vs. non-instrumented): DPQ Daily Activity mean 37.0 versus 32.0, ODI mean 33.4 versus 30.6, SF-36 PCS mean 38.8 versus 39.8, SF-36 MCS mean 49.0 versus 53.3. About 71% in both groups were answered positively to the global outcome question. Patients who...... had retired due to low back pain had poorer outcome than patients retired for other reasons, best outcome was seen in patients still at work (P = 0.01 or less in all questionnaires, except SF-36 MCS P = 0.08). DISCUSSION: Improvement in functional outcome is preserved for 10 or more years after...

  17. Retrospective analysis of follow-up results in patients with skin lymphomas of low degree malignancy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tarasov V.V.


    Full Text Available Administration of specific chemotherapy (cytostatics has great significance in the treatment of skin lymphomas of low degree malignancy. The research goal is to study follow-up results of cytostatic therapy of skin lymphomas. Retrospective observation of survival of patients with T-cell epidermothropic skin lymphomas using special therapy and without its use has been studied. Comparative analysis of survival rate in two groups of patients has been done. 40 patients received cytostatics and 32 patents were not treated by chemotherapy. The first group of patients showed the reduction of survival level and increase of mortality level from skin lymphomas of low degree malignancy. The research findings proved the influence of cytostatic therapy on the survival of patients with skin lymphomas of low degree malignancy

  18. Modern prostate brachytherapy. Prostate specific antigen results in 219 patients with up to 12 years of observed follow-up. (United States)

    Ragde, H; Korb, L J; Elgamal, A A; Grado, G L; Nadir, B S


    The purported lack of long term modern prostate brachytherapy outcome data continues to lead many physicians to recommend other, more traditional treatments. This concern for long term results has encouraged the authors to supplement their earlier 10-year follow-up of patients receiving brachytherapy; in the process, an additional 77 patients (> 50%) were added to the original cohort, and the follow-up time was increased by 2 years. Between January 1987 and September 1989, 229 patients with T1-T3 prostate carcinoma underwent transperineal prostate brachytherapy using iodine-125 (I-125). No patient received adjuvant hormone therapy. The median Gleason sum was 5 (range, 2-10). Of these patients, 147 were determined to have a high probability of organ-confined disease and were treated solely with an I-125 implant. The remaining 82 patients were determined to be at increased risk for extracapsular disease and received pelvic external beam radiation in addition to brachytherapy. All patients were followed continuously. Failure was defined as a positive biopsy, radiographic evidence of metastases, or three consecutive rises in prostate specific antigen (PSA) levels as defined by the American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology (ASTRO) consensus article. Excluding deaths from intercurrent disease, the median follow-up was 122 months (range, 18-144 months). Fourteen patients were excluded from analysis due to insufficient follow-up. Adopting the ASTRO definition of failure resulted in minimal change in survival when compared with the authors' previous study, which used a PSA level > 0.5 ng/mL as the failure point. Observed 10-year disease free survival (DFS) for the entire cohort was 70%. In the brachytherapy only group, the observed 10-year DFS was 66%, whereas those patients treated with the addition of external pelvic radiation achieved a DFS of 79%. None of the patients who were followed for the full 12 years failed between Years 10 and 12. Only 25% of the

  19. Follow up exercise studies in paediatric obesity: implications for long term effectiveness. (United States)

    Maziekas, M T; LeMura, L M; Stoddard, N M; Kaercher, S; Martucci, T


    To examine the effects of exercise training on paediatric obesity immediately after training and at a one year follow up and to provide recommendations for future research. Studies that met the following criteria were included in a meta-analysis: (a) at least six subjects per group; (b) subject groups consisting of children in the 4-17 year age range; (c) pre-test and post-test values for body composition; (d) used exercise such as walking, jogging, cycle ergometry, high repetition resistance exercise, and combinations; (e) training programmes lasting eight weeks or more; (f) full length publications; (g) apparently healthy children. A total of 135 studies of exercise as a method of treatment of paediatric obesity were located. Eight, containing 236 subjects, met our criteria for inclusion. Across all designs and categories, fixed effects modelling yielded significant decreases in the dependent variable percentage body fat immediately (0=1.04 (0.35); 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.41 to 1.6) and one year after the exercise intervention (0=0.84 (0.51); 95% CI 0.22 to 0.94). Forward stepwise linear regression suggested that the percentage body fat measured at the end of exercise training, exercise duration, and programme length accounted for 53-86% of the variance for percentage body fat at one year. These data indicate that exercise is efficacious for reducing percentage body fat in obese children and adolescents, and that exercise intervention may encourage long term maintenance of the observed gains.

  20. [A long-term follow up of the shoulder in obstetrical brachial palsy]. (United States)

    Guermazi, M; Ghroubi, S; Mezghanni, M; Triki, F E; Elleuch, M H


    To study shoulder impairment and disability caused by obstetrical brachial plexus palsy, their evolution under physical and surgical treatments, and the place of complementary explorations in persistent sequels. From 1991 to 2000, 129 patients (66 M, 63 F) were included in a retrospective study. Impairment was assessed by muscle recovery (deltoid, biceps, external rotators) and shoulder passive motion. Disability was assessed by Mallet functional test. Full spontaneous recovery was noted in 20% of patients before the age of 3 months. Repair of the nerve lesion was undertaken in four children between the 18th and 24th months. Full recovery of deltoid and biceps was noted in three-fourth of whole cases before the 12th month, and of the external rotation in only 45% at this same age. Seventy-seven percent of patients showed stage >or= III of Mallet test (VI: 20%, IV: 32%; III: 25%) at a middle age of 3.5 years. A long-term follow-up showed an external rotation limited less than 20 degrees in 15 children. Investigation by RMN or Arthroscanner was realized for five patients, this reveals a deformation with subluxation of the humeral head in two cases. Ten children were operated (liberation of sub-scapula in nine cases associated to a tendinous transfer six times; humeral osteotomie in one case). This surgery has allowed the improvement of the functional state in all cases. After-effects in shoulder are frequent especially the limitation of external rotation, which can lead to a deformation, and subluxation of the humeral head. The authors insist on the importance to push investigations in case of limitation of the passive external rotation to improve the therapeutic choice.

  1. Surgical Revascularization in North American Adults with Moyamoya Phenomenon: Long-Term Angiographic Follow-up. (United States)

    Arias, Eric J; Dunn, Gavin P; Washington, Chad W; Derdeyn, Colin P; Chicoine, Michael R; Grubb, Robert L; Moran, Christopher J; Cross, DeWitte T; Dacey, Ralph G; Zipfel, Gregory J


    North American and Asian forms of moyamoya have distinct clinical characteristics. Asian adults with moyamoya are known to respond better to direct versus indirect revascularization. It is unclear whether North American adults with moyamoya have a similar long-term angiographic response to direct versus indirect bypass. A retrospective review of surgical revascularization for adult moyamoya phenomenon was performed. Preoperative and postoperative cerebral angiograms underwent consensus review, with degree of revascularization quantified as extent of new middle cerebral artery (MCA) territory filling. Late angiographic follow-up was available in 15 symptomatic patients who underwent 20 surgical revascularization procedures. In 10 hemispheres treated solely with indirect arterial bypass, 3 had 2/3 revascularization, 4 had 1/3 revascularization, and 3 had no revascularization of the MCA territory. In the 10 hemispheres treated with direct arterial bypass (8 as a stand-alone procedure and 2 in combination with an indirect procedure), 2 had complete revascularization, 7 had 2/3 revascularization, and 1 had 1/3 revascularization. Direct bypass provided a higher rate of "good" angiographic outcome (complete or 2/3 revascularization) when compared with indirect techniques (P = .0198). Direct bypass provides a statistically significant, more consistent, and complete cerebral revascularization than indirect techniques in this patient population. This is similar to that reported in the Asian literature, which suggests that the manner of presentation (ischemia in North American adults versus hemorrhage in Asian adults) is likely not a contributor to the extent of revascularization achieved after surgical intervention. Copyright © 2015 National Stroke Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Incidental Pulmonary Embolism After Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery: Long-Term Clinical Follow-Up. (United States)

    Beck, Kyongmin Sarah; Cho, Eun Kyung; Moon, Mi Hyung; Kim, Do-Yeon; Song, Hyun; Jung, Jung Im


    The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence and natural history of incidentally found and untreated pulmonary embolism (PE) at coronary CT angiography after coronary artery bypass grafting. We retrospectively reviewed the records of 353 patients consecutively registered between January 1, 2010, and November 11, 2015, who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting followed within 2 weeks by coronary CT angiography. All patients received 100 mg of aspirin and 75 mg of clopidogrel after surgery. We collected relevant clinical and CT data, including total follow-up duration after coronary artery bypass grafting, follow-up CT findings, mortality, and incidence of any recurrent PE. PE was diagnosed in 22 of the 353 patients (6.2%) who remained in the study after the exclusion criteria were applied. Most of the PEs occurred at the segmental or subsegmental level. All patients were in hemodynamically stable condition, had no symptoms, and underwent follow-up for a median of 53 months (range 19-74 months). Twenty of the 22 patients did not receive anticoagulation, and all but one of these patients had complete resolution of PE at second follow-up coronary CT angiography (median, 149 days after surgery). There was no associated mortality or recurrent PE. Incidental PE after coronary artery bypass grafting is found in approximately 6% of patients undergoing postoperative coronary CT angiography, and most PEs resolve spontaneously without anticoagulation. No patient in this study died or had recurrent PE during a median follow-up period of 53 months.

  3. Cardiac resynchronization therapy in patients with chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy: long-term follow up (United States)

    de Araújo, Edgard Ferreira; Chamlian, Eduardo Gregório; Peroni, Alexey Pomares; Pereira, Wilson Lopes; Gandra, Sylvio Matheus de Aquino; Rivetti, Luiz Antonio


    Introduction Chagas disease is a major cause of cardiomyopathy and sudden death in our country. It has a high mortality when their patients develop New York Heart Association (NYHA) class IV. Objective The objective of this study is to analyze the clinical outcome of patients with Chagas' cardiomyopathy with congestive heart failure with optimized pharmacological therapy, undergoing cardiac resynchronization therapy. Methods Between January 2004 and February 2009, 72 patients with Chagas' cardiomyopathy in NYHA class III and IV underwent cardiac resynchronization therapy and were monitored to assess their clinical evolution. We used the t test or the Wilcoxon test to compare the same variable in two different times. A P value < 0.05 was established as statistically significant. Results The average clinical follow-up was 46.6 months (range 4-79 months). At the end of the evaluation, 87.4% of patients were in NYHA class I or II (P<0.001). There was response to therapy in 65.3% of patients (P<0.001), with an overall mortality of 34.7%. Conclusion In patients with chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy undergoing cardiac resynchronization therapy, we found the following statistically significant changes: improvement in NYHA class and increase of left ventricle ejection fraction, a decrease of the systolic final diameter and systolic final left ventricle volume and improvement of patient survival. PMID:24896160

  4. Left ventricular hypertrophy in pediatric kidney transplant recipients: long-term follow-up study. (United States)

    Bullington, Nathan; Kartel, Janis; Khoury, Philip; Mitsnefes, Mark


    Cross-sectional studies indicate that LVH, known cardiovascular risk factor, is frequent in pediatric patients post-kidney transplant. We performed a retrospective longitudinal analysis of echocardiographic data collected in children and adolescents who received kidney transplant from 1998 to 2003. The first echo was performed at a median time post-transplant of 14 months in 47 children; a second echo (echo 2) was carried out at a median time of 33 months in 31 and a third echo (echo 3) was performed at a median time of 49 months in 14 children. LVH was defined as LV mass index >/=95th percentile for children. LVH was present in echo 1 in 25 (54%) subjects. Systolic blood pressure (p = 0.02) and BMI (p = 0.02) independently predicted the LVH seen in echo1 in multivariate logistic regression. In 14 subjects with three consecutive echocardiograms LVM index significantly decreased from echo 1 to echo 2 and from echo 1 to echo3 (p < 0.05), but no significant changes were observed between echo 2 and echo 3. The overall prevalence of LVH remained unchanged but its severity significantly decreased during the follow-up. The results of the study suggest that despite regression of LVM index overtime-pediatric patients post-kidney transplant are at continuous risk for developing cardiovascular disease.

  5. Splenomegaly in sarcoidosis: Frequency, treatment, prognosis and long-term follow-up

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavlović-Popović Zora


    Full Text Available Introduction. The splenic involvement is common in sarcoidosis, but its real frequency is still obscure, depending doubtless on the method of splenomegaly detection. Splenomegaly may be accompanied with pain or anemia, leucopenia and thrombocytopenia. Objective. The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of splenomegaly related to clinical characteristics of sarcoidosis and to solve the dilemma - whether to introduce medicaments, and when to perform splenectomy. Methods. The method of the study is a retrospective and prospective analysis of the patients’ material. Results. The study included 540 patients with sarcoidosis in a 20-year period. Of them, 26% had splenomegaly detected by computerized tomography screening. Splenomegaly was more frequently registered in the patients with a longer history of sarcoidosis (38%, as compared to those with a shorter history of the disease (23% (p<0.05. Splenomegaly was more frequently registered in the patients with other extrapulmonary lesions detected (33% than in those who had no extrapulmonary manifestations of sarcoidosis (17% (p<0.01. Indications, possible benefits and complications of splenectomy were analysed in 11 sarcoidosis patients undergoing this intervention for various reasons, of which the follow-up period ranged from one to 20 years. Conclusion. Splenomegaly was more frequent in chronic cases or in the patients with established sarcoid lesions of other extrapulmonary organs. The primary treatment of uncomplicated symptomatic splenic sarcoidosis includes medicamentous therapy. Occasionally, splenectomy is required. Prognostically, splenomegaly indicates an unfavorable course of the disease.

  6. Non-specific aortoarteritis: long-term follow-up on immunosuppressive therapy. (United States)

    Talwar, K K; Vasan, R S; Sharma, S; Chopra, P; Shrivastava, S; Malhotra, A


    Thirteen patients with non-specific aortoarteritis and endomyocardial biopsy evidence of myocarditis were followed-up on immunosuppressive therapy comprising of prednisolone and cyclophosphamide in addition to conventional treatment for hypertension and/or congestive heart failure. Serial determinations of erythrocyte sedimentation rate, chest roentgenogram, radionuclide ventriculogram and hemodynamic study including endomyocardial biopsy were carried out at 12, 24 and 52 weeks of therapy. Arterial lesions were also assessed by digital subtraction angiography at 0 and 52 weeks of immunosuppressive therapy. At the end of a year of treatment all patients with congestive heart failure (10/13) showed symptomatic improvement by at least one New York Heart Association (NYHA) class. There was a significant fall in erythrocyte sedimentation rate (48 +/- 12 mm/1st h to 31 +/- 12 mm/1st h, P < 0.05), pulmonary artery pressure (32 +/- 14 mmHg to 20 +/- 9 mmHg, P < 0.05), left ventricular filling pressure (20 +/- 11 mmHg to 11 +/- 7 mmHg, P < 0.05) and increase in left ventricle ejection fraction (39 +/- 16% to 51 +/- 14%, P < 0.05) associated with resolution of morphological changes on endomyocardial biopsy. Arterial lesions remained static with neither progression nor appearance of new lesions. No significant complications of therapy were noticed in any patient. Our uncontrolled observations suggest that immunosuppressive therapy is safe and results in clinical, hemodynamic and myocardial morphological improvement in a subset of patients with non-specific aortoarteritis and associated myocarditis.

  7. Workarounds and Test Results Follow-up in Electronic Health Record-Based Primary Care. (United States)

    Menon, Shailaja; Murphy, Daniel R; Singh, Hardeep; Meyer, Ashley N D; Sittig, Dean F


    Electronic health records (EHRs) have potential to facilitate reliable communication and follow-up of test results. However, limitations in EHR functionality remain, leading practitioners to use workarounds while managing test results. Workarounds can lead to patient safety concerns and signify indications as to how to build better EHR systems that meet provider needs. To understand why primary care practitioners (PCPs) use workarounds to manage test results by analyzing data from a previously conducted national cross-sectional survey on test result management. We conducted a secondary data analysis of quantitative and qualitative data from a national survey of PCPs practicing in the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) and explored the use of workarounds in test results management. We used multivariate logistic regression analysis to examine the association between key sociotechnical factors that could affect test results follow-up (e.g., both technology-related and those unrelated to technology, such as organizational support for patient notification) and workaround use. We conducted a qualitative content analysis of free text survey data to examine reasons for use of workarounds. Of 2554 survey respondents, 1104 (43%) reported using workarounds related to test results management. Of these 1028 (93%) described the type of workaround they were using; 719 (70%) reported paper-based methods, while 230 (22%) used a combination of paper- and computer-based workarounds. Primary care practitioners who self-reported limited administrative support to help them notify patients of test results or described an instance where they personally (or a colleague) missed results, were more likely to use workarounds (p=0.02 and p=0.001, respectively). Qualitative analysis identified three main reasons for workaround use: 1) as a memory aid, 2) for improved efficiency and 3) for facilitating internal and external care coordination. Workarounds to manage EHR-based test results are

  8. Understanding long-term protection of human papillomavirus vaccination against cervical carcinoma: Cancer registry-based follow-up. (United States)

    Rana, Muhammad Mohsin; Huhtala, Heini; Apter, Dan; Eriksson, Tiina; Luostarinen, Tapio; Natunen, Kari; Paavonen, Jorma; Pukkala, Eero; Lehtinen, Matti


    Phase III clinical trials of human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccination have shown ≥95% efficacy against HPV16/18 associated cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) Grade 2/3. Long-term surveillance is, however, needed to determine the overall vaccine efficacy (VE) against CIN3 and invasive cervical carcinoma (ICC). During population-based recruitment between September 2002 and March 2003, 1,749 16- to 17-year old Finns participated in a multi-national randomized Phase III HPV6/11/16/18 vaccine (FUTURE II) trial for the determination of VE against HPV16/18 positive CIN2/3. The passive follow-up started at the country-wide, population-based Finnish Cancer Registry (FCR) six months after the active follow-up and voluntary cross-vaccination in April 2007. A cluster randomized, population-based reference cohort of 15,744 unvaccinated, originally 18-19 year old Finns was established in two phases in 2003 and 2005 after the FUTURE II recruitment. We linked these cohorts with the FCR in 2007-2011 (HPV vaccine and placebo cohorts) and 2006-2010 and 2008-2012 (unvaccinated reference cohorts 1 and 2) to compare their incidences of CIN3 and ICC. The four years passive follow-up resulted in 3,464, 3,444 and 62,876 person years for the HPV6/11/16/18, original placebo and reference cohorts, after excluding cases discovered during the clinical follow-up and individuals not at risk. The numbers of CIN3 and ICC cases identified were 0 and 0, 3 and 0, 59 and 3 for the HPV6/11/16/18, placebo and the unvaccinated reference cohorts. The corresponding CIN3 incidence rates were 0/100,000 (95% confidence interval 0.0-106.5), 87.1/100,000 (95% CI 17.9-254.5) and 93.8/100,000 (95% CI 71.4-121), respectively. Long-term surveillance up to 8 years (and longer) post vaccination of the HPV6/11/16/18 vaccine and placebo cohorts, and the unvaccinated reference cohort (not exposed to interventions) for the most stringent efficacy end-points by passive cancer registry-based follow-up is feasible

  9. Cardiovascular risk factors in children after kidney transplantation--from short-term to long-term follow-up. (United States)

    Kaidar, Maital; Berant, Michael; Krauze, Irit; Cleper, Roxana; Mor, Eitan; Bar-Nathan, Nathan; Davidovits, Miriam


    Cardiovascular-related mortality is 100-fold higher in pediatric renal transplant recipients than in the age-matched general population. Seventy-seven post-renal transplant children's charts were reviewed for cardiovascular risk factors at two and six months after transplantation (short term) and at two yr after transplantation and the last follow-up visit (mean 7.14 ± 3.5 yr) (long term). Significant reduction was seen in cardiovascular risk factors prevalence from two months after transplantation to last follow-up respectively: Hypertension from 52.1% to 14%, hypercholesterolemia from 48.7% to 33%, hypertriglyceridemia from 50% to 12.5%, anemia from 29.6% to 18.3%, hyperparathyroidism from 32% to 18.3% and hyperglycemia from 11.7% to 10%, and left ventricular hypertrophy from 25.8% at short term to 15%. There was an increase in the prevalence of obesity from 1.5% to 3.9% and of CKD 3-5 from 4.75% to 24%. The need for antihypertensive treatment decreased from 54% to 42%, and the percentage of patients controlled by one medication rose from 26% to 34%, whereas the percentage controlled by 2, 3, and 4 medications decreased from 21.9%, 5.5%, and 1.4% to 6%, 2%, and 0. Children after renal transplantation appear to have high rates of cardiovascular risk factors, mainly on short-term follow-up. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  10. Long-term follow-ups of revascularized immature necrotic teeth: three case reports (United States)

    Kim, Duck-Su; Park, Hae-Jin; Yeom, Je-Ha; Seo, Ji-Sung; Ryu, Gil-Joo; Park, Ki-Ho; Shin, Seung-Il; Kim, Sun-Young


    Revascularization of immature necrotic teeth is a reliable treatment alternative to conventional apexogenesis or apexification. In case 1, a 12-year-old boy had his necrotic, immature mandibular left second premolar treated with a revascularization technique. At a 24-month follow-up, periapical radiolucency had disappeared and thickening of the root wall was observed. In cases 2 and 3, a 10-year-old boy had his necrotic, immature, bilateral mandibular second premolars treated with the same modality. At 48-month (in case 2) and 42-month (in case 3) follow-ups, loss of periapical radiolucencies and increases in the root wall thickness were also observed. PMID:22627612

  11. Long Term Streptomycin Toxicity in the Treatment of Buruli Ulcer: Follow-up of Participants in the BURULICO Drug Trial (United States)

    Klis, Sandor; Stienstra, Ymkje; Phillips, Richard O.; Abass, Kabiru Mohammed; Tuah, Wilson; van der Werf, Tjip S.


    Background Buruli Ulcer (BU) is a tropical infectious skin disease that is currently treated with 8 weeks of intramuscular streptomycin and oral rifampicin. As prolonged streptomycin administration can cause both oto- and nephrotoxicity, we evaluated its long term toxicity by following-up former BU patients that had received either 4 or 8 weeks of streptomycin in addition to other drugs between 2006 and 2008, in the context of a randomized controlled trial. Methods Former patients were retrieved in 2012, and oto- and nephrotoxicity were determined by audiometry and serum creatinine levels. Data were compared with baseline and week 8 measurements during the drug trial. Results Of the total of 151 former patients, 127 (84%) were retrieved. Ototoxicity was present in 29% of adults and 25% of children. Adults in the 8 week streptomycin group had significantly higher hearing thresholds in all frequencies at long term follow-up, and these differences were most prominent in the high frequencies. In children, no differences between the two treatment arms were found. Nephrotoxicity that had been detected in 14% of adults and in 13% of children during treatment, was present in only 2.4% of patients at long term follow-up. Conclusions Prolonged streptomycin administration in the adult study subjects caused significant persistent hearing loss, especially in the high frequency range. Nephrotoxicity was also present in both adults and children but appeared to be transient. Streptomycin should be given with caution especially in patients aged 16 or older, and in individuals with concurrent risks for renal dysfunction or hearing loss. PMID:24625583

  12. Long-term Outcomes After Ulnar Collateral Ligament Reconstruction in Competitive Baseball Players: Minimum 10-Year Follow-up. (United States)

    Osbahr, Daryl C; Cain, E Lyle; Raines, B Todd; Fortenbaugh, Dave; Dugas, Jeffrey R; Andrews, James R


    Ulnar collateral ligament reconstruction (UCLR) has afforded baseball players with excellent results; however, previous studies have described only short-term outcomes. To evaluate long-term outcomes after UCLR in baseball players. Case series; Level of evidence, 4. All UCLRs performed on competitive baseball players with a minimum 10-year follow-up were identified. Surgical data were collected prospectively and patients were surveyed by telephone follow-up, during which scoring systems were used to assess baseball career and post-baseball career outcomes. Of 313 patients, 256 (82%) were contacted at an average of 12.6 years; 83% of these baseball players (90% pitchers) were able to return to the same or higher level of competition in less than 1 year, but results varied according to preoperative level of play. Baseball career longevity was 3.6 years in general and 2.9 years at the same or higher level of play, but major and minor league players returned for longer than did collegiate and high school players after surgery (P Baseball retirement typically occurred for reasons other than elbow problems (86%). Many players had shoulder problems (34%) or surgery (25%) during their baseball career, and these occurrences most often resulted in retirement attributable to shoulder problems (P baseball career outcomes, 92% of patients were able to throw without pain, and 98% were still able to participate in throwing at least on a recreational level. The 10-year minimum follow-up scores (mean ± standard deviation) for the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH), DASH work module, and DASH sports module were 0.80 ± 4.43, 1.10 ± 6.90, and 2.88 ± 11.91, respectively. Overall, 93% of patients were satisfied, with few reports of persistent elbow pain (3%) or limitation of function (5%). Long-term follow-up of UCLRs in baseball players indicates that most patients were satisfied, with few reports of persistent elbow pain or limitation of function. During their


    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    VANDENHOOGEN, F.H.J.; SPRONK, P.E.; Boerbooms, A.M.T.; Bootsma, H.; DEROOIJ, D.J.R.A.; Kallenberg, Cees; VANDEPUTTE, L.B.A.


    The records of 46 patients with anti-(U1)snRNP antibodies and a minimal period of follow-up after first clinical presentation of at least 5 yr were examined with emphasis on symptoms contributing to established criteria of SLE, systemic sclerosis (SSc), RA or dermato- or polymyositis (DM/PM). At

  14. Medium-term follow-up of ulcerative colitis in Cape Town | O'Keefe ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The 114 patients with ulcerative colitis diagnosed in Greater Cape Town between 1970 and 1979 were followed up 11 years later. Ninety per cent of those contacted were in remission or had mild symptoms only. Eleven patients had died; 3 deaths (in total colitis patients) were disease-related but the overall mortality rate in ...

  15. Medium-term follow-up of ulcerative colitis in Cape Town

    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    Aug 19, 1989 ... The 114 patients with ulcerative colitis diagnosed in Greater. Cape Town between 1970 and 1979 were followed up 11 years later. Ninety per cent of those contacted were in remission or had mild symptoms only. Eleven patients had died; 3 deaths (in total colitis patients) were disease-related.

  16. Malonic aciduria: long-term follow-up of new patients detected by newborn screening

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Baertling, F.; Mayatepek, E.; Thimm, E.; Schlune, A.; Kovacevic, A.; Distelmaier, F.; Salomons, G.S.; Meissner, T.


    Malonic aciduria is an extremely rare autosomal recessive inborn error of metabolism. We present clinical, biochemical and genetic information for several years of follow-up of new malonic aciduria patients who were diagnosed by newborn screening. These data are discussed with regard to treatment

  17. Long-term follow-up of thalamic stimulation versus thalamotomy for tremor suppression

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schuurman, P. Richard; Bosch, D. Andries; Merkus, Maruschka P.; Speelman, Johannes D.


    Thalamic stimulation and thalamotomy for treatment of tremor due to Parkinson's disease, essential tremor, and multiple sclerosis were compared in a randomized trial. The symptomatic and functional outcome was studied after 5 years of follow-up. Sixty-eight patients were treated (45 Parkinson's

  18. [Colonoscopy in the long-term follow-up of surgical anastomoses of the large intestine]. (United States)

    Rossini, F P; Ferrari, A; Roatta, L; Presti, F; Boido, C


    On the bases of personal experience the importance of endoscopic examination of the colon in the follow-up of patients who have been subjected to resection of the large intestine is emphasized. Fibercoloscopy permits direct observation of "high" surgical anastomoses, which are inaccessible for examination with rigid rectosigmoidoscope, and thus opens the way to precise diagnosis and a correct therapeutic approach.

  19. Management of kyphoscoliosis patients with respiratory failure in the intensive care unit and during long term follow up

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adıgüzel Nalan


    Full Text Available Abstract Background We aimed to evaluate the ICU management and long-term outcomes of kyphoscoliosis patients with respiratory failure. Methods A retrospective observational cohort study was performed in a respiratory ICU and outpatient clinic from 2002–2011. We enrolled all kyphoscoliosis patients admitted to the ICU and followed-up at regular intervals after discharge. Reasons for acute respiratory failure (ARF, ICU data, mortality, length of ICU stay and outpatient clinic data, non-invasive ventilation (NIV device settings, and compliance were recorded. NIV failure in the ICU and the long term effect of NIV on pulmonary performance were analyzed. Results Sixty-two consecutive ICU kyphoscoliosis patients with ARF were enrolled in the study. NIV was initially applied to 55 patients, 11 (20% patients were intubated, and the majority had sepsis and septic shock (p  Conclusions We strongly discourage the use of NIV in the case of septic shock in ICU kyphoscoliosis patients with ARF. Pulmonary performance improved with NIV during long term follow up.

  20. Takedown of Ankle Arthrodesis With Insufficient Fibula: Surgical Technique and Intermediate-Term Follow-Up. (United States)

    Schuberth, John M; Christensen, Jeffrey C; Seidenstricker, Chad


    Conversion of ankle arthrodesis to total ankle arthroplasty has recently gained popularity. However, technical challenges are present when treating patients without a sufficient fibular buttress. We describe a technique for restoration of an adequate fibular buttress using an iliac crest bone graft or malleolar relocation. The results of 10 patients with an average follow-up period of 56 (range 24 to 123) months are presented. Of the 10 patients, 3 underwent tricortical iliac bone augmentation of the fibula, 4 underwent repositioning of the remnant fibula, and in 3, the in situ fibula was used. The average interval from fusion to takedown was 15.1 (range 5 to 35) years, and the average age at takedown was 52.8 (range 33 to 75) years. The average improvement in the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Ankle-Hindfoot scale and Buechel-Pappas scale scores was 35.8 (range 30 to 46) and 34 (range 25 to 42), respectively. Three patients underwent a total of 7 subsequent operations related to the ankle implant. Only 1 of the patients had any residual frontal plane deformity. None of the patients exhibited any component subsidence; however, 2 patients experienced asymptomatic lateral talar component overgrowth. The improvement in the clinical scores in this group of patients suggests that takedown of an ankle arthrodesis with an insufficient fibula is a viable option to improve function. Various techniques to restore the lateral buttress can be used even with complete absence of the distal fibula. Copyright © 2017 American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Long term functioning in early onset psychosis: Two years prospective follow-up study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taha Ghada RA


    Full Text Available Abstract Background There were few studies on the outcome of schizophrenia in developing countries. Whether the outcome is similar to or different from developed world is still a point for research. The main aim of the current study was to know if patients with early onset non affective psychosis can behave and function properly after few years from start of the illness or not. Other aims included investigation of possible predictors and associated factors with remission and outcome. Method The study prospectively investigated a group of 56 patients with onset of psychosis during childhood or adolescence. Diagnosis made according to DSM-IV criteria and included; schizophrenia, psychotic disorder not otherwise specified and acute psychosis. Severity of psychosis was measured by PANSS. Measures of the outcome included; remission criteria of Andreasen et al 2005, the children's global assessment scale and educational level. Results Analysis of data was done for only 37 patients. Thirty patients diagnosed as schizophrenia and 7 with Psychotic disorder not otherwise specified. Mean duration of follow up was 38.4 +/- 16.9 months. At the end of the study, 6 patients (16.2% had one episode, 23(62.1% had multiple episodes and 8 (21.6% continuous course. Nineteen patients (51.4% achieved full remission, and only 11(29.7% achieved their average educational level for their age. Twenty seven percent of the sample had good outcome and 24.3% had poor outcome. Factors associated with non remission and poor outcome included gradual onset, low IQ, poor premorbid adjustment, negative symptoms at onset of the illness and poor adherence to drugs. Moreover, there was tendency of negative symptoms at illness start to predict poor outcome. Conclusion Some patients with early onset non affective psychosis can behave and function properly after few years from the start of the illness. Although remission is a difficult target in childhood psychosis, it is still achievable.

  2. Long-term use of custom-made orthopedic shoes 1 5-year follow-up study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Netten, Jaap J.; Jannink, Michiel J. A.; Hijmans, Juha M.; Geertzen, Jan H. B.; Postema, Klaas


    This study investigated long-term use of custom-made orthopedic shoes (OS) at 1 5 years follow-up In addition, the association between short-term outcomes and long-term use was studied Patients from a previously published study who did use their first-ever pair of OS 3 months after delivery received

  3. Long-term follow-up of Japanese encephalitis chimeric virus vaccine: Immune responses in children. (United States)

    Chokephaibulkit, Kulkanya; Sirivichayakul, Chukiat; Thisyakorn, Usa; Pancharoen, Chitsanu; Boaz, Mark; Bouckenooghe, Alain; Feroldi, Emmanuel


    A single dose of live attenuated Japanese encephalitis chimeric virus vaccine (JE-CV) was shown to be immunogenic and well tolerated when given either as a booster to formalin-inactivated Japanese encephalitis (JE)-vaccine (mouse brain-derived vaccine [MBDV])-primed 2-5-year-olds, or as a primary vaccination to JE-vaccine-naïve 12-24-month-old toddlers in Thailand. A 5-year follow-up assessment of immune response persistence over time was conducted. Four additional visits (at 2, 3, 4, and 5years) for immunologic assessments were added to the original 12-month open-label crossover study, in which 100 healthy children aged 2-5years with a history of two-dose primary vaccination with MBDV (according to the Thai Expanded Program for Immunization schedule), and 200 healthy JE-vaccine-naïve 12-24-month-old toddlers, were randomized 1:1 to receive JE-CV, containing ⩾4 log 10 plaque forming units, 1month before or after hepatitis A control vaccine. In MBDV-primed 2-5-year-olds (n=78), the immune response to the JE-CV vaccine persisted up to at least 5years after vaccination with a single dose of JE-CV, with all (n=78) children seroprotected at the year 5 visit (geometric mean titers [GMT]: 2521/dil). There was no decrease of seroprotection rate over time (100% at 6months post-vaccination and 96.8% (90.3-98.9) at 5yearspost-vaccination). In JE-vaccine-naïve toddlers, a protective immune response persisted up to at least 5years in 58.8% (50.9-66.4) after a single-dose administration of JE-CV (GMT 26.71/dil; sensitivity analysis). A single-dose of JE-CV as a booster following MBDV administration provided long-lasting immunity. In JE-vaccine-naïve toddlers, despite relatively high seroprotection rates persisting over time, a subsequent booster dose is recommended following a JE-CV primary vaccination for long-term protection. This study was registered on (NCT00621764). Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Prognosis of Adamantinoma of Long Bones: A Long-Term Follow-Up Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khodamorad Jamshidi


    Full Text Available Background Adamantinoma of long tubular bones is a rare primary malignant bone tumor. According to the literature, different prognosis and recurrence rates have been reported. Objectives The purpose of this case series study was to evaluate the clinical behavior and prognostic features of adamantinoma of long bones. Patients and Methods In this study, 13 histologically proven cases of adamantinoma of long bones which were treated in our hospital during March 1977 to June 2015 were evaluated. The mean follow-up period was 72 ± 44.4 months. The male:female ratio was 10:3, aged between 13 and 63 years at the time of diagnosis (mean = 24.8 ± 13.1 years. There was a period between the onset of disease and definite diagnosis (mean: 17.5 ± 14.7 months. In two cases according to the imaging and clinical symptoms the lesion seemed to be osteofibrous dysplasia, but during the follow-up, the diagnosis was changed to adamantinoma when open biopsy and pathologic assessment were performed. In 10 cases the tumor was located in the tibial diaphysis, in two cases the location was the distal shaft of the femur, and in one case the location was proximal of the humerus. All the cases underwent wide resection and intercalary or osteoarticular allograft reconstruction as the main surgery after primary incisional biopsy. Results In eight cases, at least one local recurrence happened in an average 33.4-month period after the wide resection. In four of these patients rather than one local recurrence was occurred, but in one patient despite pulmonary metastasis the patient underwent pulmonary lobectomy and was alive at the end of the study. Allograft-related complications happened in five cases (two infections, one osteoarthritis of ankle, and two allograft fractures. For five patients ultimately recurrence and complication lead to amputation. Six patients died because of this disease, in all of which pulmonary metastasis occurred. The five-year survival rate in this

  5. Preoperative evaluation, surgical procedure, follow up and results of 150 cochlear implantations. (United States)

    Kyriafinis, G; Vital, V; Psifidis, A; Constantinidis, J; Nikolaou, A; Hitoglou-Antoniadou, M; Kouloulas, A


    The cochlear implantation is among the most important achievements of medicine and biotechnology in the last 20 years, because it allows individuals who had never heard or had lost their hearing to perceive sound and improve their quality of life. Selection criteria for candidates are strict and are evaluated in each individual by a scientific committee specially trained for implantations which includes Ear Nose and Throat (ENT) surgeon, audiologist, psychiatrist and speech therapist. In our department, the first cochlear implantation was performed in 1995. During the last ten years more than 250 individuals have been evaluated due to profound hearing loss and 170 of them were found to be suitable candidates for cochlear implantation. One hundred and fifty (150) have already been operated and most of them are children with congenital hearing loss. No major or permanent complications were recorded in any of our 150 patients. Activation and fitting/mapping of the cochlear implant is initiated three weeks post-operatively. Regular follow-up and mapping of the implant are held, more frequently in children, along with specialized speech therapy. Each new mapping is evaluated according to the record of the patient with regard to the acoustic perception of sounds and speech and the discrimination of individual elements of phonation based on a protocol that we have created for the needs of Greek language. Speech discrimination (AHEPA Hospital protocol), before the Implantation, at the activation of the cochlear implant and till 4 years of the follow-up showed that in our patients, we obtained better and faster results in post-speech acquisition adults with recent or chronic deafness and in children with congenital deafness operated before the 5th year of age, who underwent special preoperative speech therapy programme, fact which is in agreement with current literature. Patient satisfaction evaluated by "Sanders" psychometrics tests, was achieved in accordance to pre

  6. Management of women with human papillomavirus persistence: long-term follow-up of a randomized clinical trial. (United States)

    Elfgren, Kristina; Elfström, K Miriam; Naucler, Pontus; Arnheim-Dahlström, Lisen; Dillner, Joakim


    Introduction of human papillomavirus-based screening is ongoing in many countries, given its higher sensitivity and longer-lasting protection compared with cytology-based screening. However, optimal clinical management of human papillomavirus-positive but cytology-negative women is unclear, and additional studies with clinical follow-up are warranted. The aim of the current study was to investigate the long-term outcomes of the clinical management used in a double-blind, randomized clinical trial of human papillomavirus screening conducted in the context of the routine, organized screening program in Sweden. Among 12,527 women aged 32-38 years enrolled in the trial, we followed up the 195 women who attended the colposcopy screening who were cytologically normal but persistently human papillomavirus positive (at least 12 months later; median, 19 months) in the human papillomavirus testing arm (n = 100) or were randomly selected from the control arm (n = 95). Women in the human papillomavirus testing arm were followed up with repeated human papillomavirus testing, cytologies, and colposcopies if persistently human papillomavirus-positive without cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 or worse. A similar number of random colposcopies and tests were carried out in the control arm. Women were followed up over 13 years for the main outcome measures: cumulative incidence of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 or worse and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 3 or worse. Among women who continued to attend and had continuous human papillomavirus persistence, all (40 of 40, 100% [95% confidence interval, 91-100%]) developed cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 or worse. There were no cases among women who cleared their human papillomavirus persistence (0 of 35, 0% (95% confidence interval, 0-10%) (P < .001). Among women who had had human papillomavirus persistence but did not continue with repeated human papillomavirus tests (unknown persistence

  7. Impact of routine and long-term follow-up on weight loss after laparoscopic gastric bypass. (United States)

    Gould, Jon C; Beverstein, Gretchen; Reinhardt, Susan; Garren, Michael J


    Weight loss after gastric bypass varies among patients. It is difficult to maintain contact with patients who have undergone surgery several years previously. Continued and long-term follow-up care at a bariatric surgery clinic might be a factor affecting long-term excess weight loss (EWL). Patients with 3-4 years of follow-up data after laparoscopic gastric bypass were included in this retrospective analysis. The patients were divided into 3 groups: group 1 patients had attended every scheduled postoperative appointment, group 2 patients had attended every appointment for 1 year before being lost to follow-up, and group 3 patients had been lost to follow-up before 1 year. Comparisons were made to determine the relationship between the length of follow-up and EWL. We identified 34 group 1 patients and 51 group 2 or 3 patients of 130 patients eligible to be included as determined by their date of surgery. The interval since surgery was similar at approximately 3 years. Although the EWL did not differ at 1 year of follow-up (mean EWL 70% for group 1 versus 65% for group 2, P >.05), a significant difference in the EWL was observed at 3-4 years (74% for group 1 versus 61% for group 2 versus 56% for group 3; P distance traveled to the clinic was similar for all 3 groups. The most common explanation for missed follow-up appointments was a lack of insurance coverage. Laparoscopic gastric bypass patients who attended all scheduled follow-up appointments experienced greater long-term weight loss than those who did not. On-going, multidisciplinary care is likely a critical component in maintaining the benefit after surgery. Patients must be encouraged to continue to attend their bariatric medical appointments, and payors should provide coverage for these visits.

  8. Acute gastritis with hypochlorhydria: report of 35 cases with long term follow up. (United States)

    Harford, W V; Barnett, C; Lee, E; Perez-Perez, G; Blaser, M J; Peterson, W L


    Between 1976 and 1987, 35 cases of acute gastritis with hypochlorhydria (AGH) were seen in our research laboratory. The aims of this study were to determine the natural history of AGH and the role of Helicobacter pylori in its pathogenesis. Archived serum and gastric biopsy samples obtained from AGH subjects were examined for evidence of H pylori colonisation. Twenty eight of 33 (85%) surviving AGH subjects returned a mean of 12 years after AGH for follow up studies, including determination of H pylori antibodies, basal and peak acid output, endoscopy, and gastric biopsies. A matched control group underwent the same studies. Archived material provided strong evidence of new H pylori acquisition in a total of 14 subjects within two months, in 18 within four months, and in 22 within 12 months of recognition of AGH. Prevalence of H pylori colonisation at follow up was 82% (23 of 28) in AGH subjects, significantly (phypochlorhydria resolves in most subjects.

  9. Long-term follow-up in distal renal tubular acidosis with sensorineural deafness. (United States)

    Peces, R


    A 20-year-old man presented with failure to thrive and bilateral genu valgum. On the basis of growth failure, skeletal deformity, hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis with alkaline urine and hypokalemia, nephrocalcinosis, and hearing loss, a diagnosis of distal renal tubular acidosis (DRTA) with sensorineural deafness was made. The genu valgum was treated by corrective osteotomy. Skeletal deformity was corrected and impaired growth improved after sustained therapy of metabolic acidosis with alkali supplementation. During an 8-year follow-up period the patient's glomerular filtration rate remained stable, the nephrocalcinosis did not progress, and his height increased 10 cm. Although nephrolithiasis led to atrophy of the right kidney, at last follow-up, when the patient was 44 years old, his creatinine clearance was 50 ml/min per 1.73 m2 body surface.

  10. Accelerated Corneal Collagen Cross-Linking in Pediatric Patients: Two-Year Follow-Up Results (United States)

    Shetty, Rohit; Nagaraja, Harsha; Jayadev, Chaitra; Pahuja, Natasha Kishore; Kurian Kummelil, Mathew; Nuijts, Rudy M. M. A.


    Purpose. To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of accelerated corneal collagen cross-linking (ACXL) in patients below 14 years of age with progressive keratoconus. Materials and Methods. Thirty eyes of 18 patients with established progressive keratoconus underwent preoperative and postoperative visual acuity assessment, topography, and specular microscopy prior to ACXL and were followed up for 24 months. Results. Mean age of the patients was 12.7 years with ten males and eight females. There was an improvement in the mean postoperative uncorrected distant visual acuity (from 0.76 ± 0.26 to 0.61 ± 0.25; P = 0.005), mean corrected distant visual acuity (from 0.24 ± 0.19 to 0.12 ± 0.12; P vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) showed progression. There were no intra- or postoperative complications. Conclusion. In pediatric patients ACXL is an effective and safe procedure for the management of keratoconus. Optimal management of VKC is important to arrest the progression of keratoconus. PMID:25295278

  11. Long term follow-up of 43 pure dural arteriovenous fistulae (AVF) of the lateral sinus

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    Fermand, M.; Reizine, D.; Melki, J.P.; Riche, M.C.; Merland, J.J.


    Fourty-three patients with arterio-venous fistulae of the dura of the transverse sinus with a complaint of tinnitus are reviewed, with a follow-up of 12 months to 11 years. 34 patients were embolized, 2 treated surgically, and 7 were untreated. Embolization appears to have been beneficial. The benign nature of this abnormality must be emphasized, and serious psychological study of the patient must be made before deciding on therapy.

  12. Factors Associated With Noncompliance With Long-term Follow-up Care Among Pediatric Cancer Survivors. (United States)

    Devine, Katie A; Viola, Adrienne; Capucilli, Peter; Sahler, Olle Jane Z; Andolina, Jeffrey R


    Most childhood cancer survivors do not receive risk-based care through a survivorship program, but factors associated with dropping out of care are unclear. This study aimed to identify characteristics of pediatric cancer survivors who do not return to a cancer center survivorship program for recommended care after at least 1 visit compared with those who continue to attend. Patient characteristics (demographics, school functioning, psychiatric history) and treatment characteristics (diagnosis, treatment) were abstracted from medical records for all eligible patients. Unadjusted and multivariable logistic regression analyses examined the associations among patient and treatment characteristics and nonattendance. The charts of 400 eligible patients (children below 18, n=123; adults, n=277) were reviewed. Of these, 60.3% of patients had not been seen in clinic within 1 year of their last recommended follow-up appointment. Adult-aged survivors were less likely to return to clinic than child-aged survivors (Psurvivors, longer time off treatment was associated with noncompliance with follow-up. For adult survivors, current age, nonwhite race, and longer time off treatment were associated with noncompliance. Additional methods to identify survivors at risk for noncompliance with follow-up and interventions for at-risk survivors are needed to improve survivorship care.

  13. [Importance of long-term follow-up of diabetes insipidus; from lymphocytic hypophysitis to germinoma]. (United States)

    Amat Madramany, A; Gastaldo Simeón, E; Revert Ventura, A; Escobar Hoyos, L A; Riesgo Suárez, P


    A case is presented of a 10-year old boy who had a hypothalamic-pituitary axis disorder. He initially presented with diabetes insipidus that progressed to panhypopituitarism. A hidden hypothalamic lesion should be suspected in all these cases, and should be followed up. New lesions were found in the pituitary stem three years later. Although tumor markers were negative, there was an increase in size, and a biopsy was performed. The histopathology reported a Lymphocytic Hypophysitis. There were increases in the tumor markers during the follow-up, thus a second biopsy was performed, with the diagnosis of Germinoma. Lymphocytic Hypophysitis is an uncommon diagnosis in children. Few cases have been reported, and in some cases, they were later diagnosed with Germinoma. We believe this case highlights the importance of the follow-up of children with Central Diabetes Insipidus with a normal MRI, as well as not taking the diagnosis of Lymphocytic Hypophysitis/lymphocytic Infundibular neurohypophysitis as definitive, as it is a rare diagnosis at this age, and could mask a Germinoma, as recorded in some cases. Copyright © 2013 Asociación Española de Pediatría. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  14. Robotic mitral valve replacement: A single center, medium-long term follow-up of 43 cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guo-peng LIU


    Full Text Available Objective To summarize the surgical experience gained from robotic mitral valve replacement (MVR, and demonstrate the long-term clinical follow-up results. Methods From Jan. 2007 to Jan. 2015, more than 700 patients underwent various types of robotic cardiac surgery in the Department the authors served in, and of them 43 patients underwent robotic MVR with da Vinci Surgical System (Intuitive Surgical, USA. Among the 43 patients, the average age was 47±11 years (ranged 19-65 years, and sex ratio (female to male was 0.8:1. Six patients were with heart function of NYHA class Ⅰ, 30 patients were of NYHA class Ⅱ and 7 patients were of NYHA class Ⅲ. The left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF were 54%-78% (64.0%±7.1%, and 20 patients had atrial fibrillation on admission, and 35 patients were with rheumatic mitral stenosis (MS. Atrial septal defect (0.7cm in size co-existed in 1 case and 1 patient had mild aortic regurgitation. Mechanical or bioprosthetic mitral valve was replaced via left atriotomy by using da Vinci robotic surgical system after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB set-up. Radiopaque titan clips was employed by Cor-Knot knot-tying device (LSI Solutions, Inc, Victor, NY to anchor the prosthetic valve. Trans-esophageal echocardiography (TEE was performed before and after surgery. The operative data were collected and patients were followed up at outpatient clinic regularly up to 6 years. Results All cases were performed successfully with the same surgery. No conversion to median sternotomy or operative mortality occurred. The average operation time was 292±62 minutes (ranged 140-450 minutes with CPB time of 124±26 minutes and aortic occlusion time of 88±21 minutes. The postoperative mechanical ventilation support time was continued for 15±6 hours, and the average staying length in critical care unit was 4±1 days. No myocardial infarction, ventricular tachycardia or excessive bleeding was complicated. All patients were successfully

  15. Vitrectomy for optic disc pit maculopathy: a long-term follow-up study. (United States)

    Bottoni, Ferdinando; Cereda, Matteo; Secondi, Roberta; Bochicchio, Sara; Staurenghi, Giovanni


    To evaluate the clinical outcomes of vitrectomy with induction of posterior vitreous detachment for the treatment of optic disc pit maculopathy. We retrospectively evaluated medical records and imaging studies of 11 consecutive patients with optic disc pit maculopathy who underwent vitrectomy at Sacco University Hospital, Milan, Italy, between October 2008 and December 2015. Induction of a posterior vitreous detachment (PVD) was the aim of our surgery. Intravitreal injection of ocriplasmin (Jetrea, Thrombogenics USA, Alcon/Novartis EU) was performed before surgery in three eyes of very young patients. Gas tamponade (sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) 20%) was used only in the first five cases. Main outcome measures were anatomic results as determined by optical coherence tomography and postoperative best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA). Before surgery, a macular detachment was present in 10 eyes and a lamellar hole of the outer retina was detected in 9 eyes. Intraoperatively, two iatrogenic paramacular holes developed in two patients during posterior hyaloid dissection. Time to PVD induction appeared to be greatly reduced in the three patients injected with ocriplasmin before surgery. Patients were followed up for a mean of 38 months (range, 18-84) after surgery. Postoperatively, one patient (9%) developed a retinal detachment that was repaired with one additional vitrectomy. Complete resolution of fluid in and under the fovea was achieved in 8 of the remaining 10 eyes (80%) without additional treatment. Reduction of the inner retinal fluid always preceded the decrease of outer retinal fluid, which in turn anticipated the absorption of macular detachment. The macular detachment resolved in a mean of 14 months after surgery. Postoperative BCVA (mean, 0.63) improved significantly compared with preoperative BCVA (mean, 0.27) (P = 0.005). Nine eyes (82%) had a postoperative BCVA of 0.5 or better. Vitrectomy with induction of PVD is a safe and successful therapeutic option

  16. Tibial plateau lesions. Surface reconstruction with a biomimetic osteochondral scaffold: Results at 2 years of follow-up. (United States)

    Kon, Elizaveta; Filardo, Giuseppe; Venieri, Giulia; Perdisa, Francesco; Marcacci, Maurilio


    Tibial plateau articular pathology caused by post-traumatic or degenerative lesions is a challenge for the orthopaedic surgeon and can lead to early osteoarthritis. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the results of treatment of these complex defects with implantation of an osteochondral scaffold, which is designed to target the cartilage surface and to reconstruct joint anatomy by addressing the entire osteochondral unit. Eleven patients (5 female and 6 male) with a mean age of 37.3 ± 11.0 years and osteochondral lesions of the tibial plateau (mean 5.1 ± 2.7 cm(2); range 3.0-12.5 cm(2)) were treated with the implantation of an osteochondral biomimetic collagen-hydroxyapatite scaffold (Maioregen(®), Fin-Ceramica, Faenza, Italy). Comorbidities were addressed taking care to restore the correct limb alignment. Patients were evaluated pre-operatively and prospectively followed-up for 2 years using the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) subjective and objective scores; activity level was documented using the Tegner score. Three patients experienced minor adverse events. No patients required further surgery for treatment failure during the study follow-up period, and 8 patients (72.7%) reported a marked improvement. The IKDC subjective score improved from 42.5 ± 10.2 before treatment to 69.8 ± 19.0 at 12 months (p<0.05), with stable results at 24 months. The IKDC objective score increased from 27.3% normal and nearly normal knees before treatment to 85.7% normal and nearly normal knees at 24 months of follow-up. The Tegner score increased from 2.3 ± 2.1 before treatment to 4.8 ± 2.4 at 12 months (p<0.05), and was stable at the final follow-up. The present study on the implantation of an osteochondral scaffold for the treatment of tibial plateau lesions showed a promising clinical outcome at short-term follow-up, which indicates that this procedure can be considered as a possible treatment option, even in these complex defects, when

  17. A long-term follow-up study of mortality in transsexuals receiving treatment with cross-sex hormones

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Asscheman, H.; Giltay, E.J.; Megens, J.A.J.; de Ronde, W.; van Trotsenburg, M.A.A.; Gooren, L.J.G.


    Objective: Adverse effects of long-term cross-sex hormone administration to transsexuals are not well documented. We assessed mortality rates in transsexual subjects receiving long-term cross-sex hormones. Design: A cohort study with a median follow-up of 18.5 years at a university gender clinic.

  18. Quality of life after bone sarcoma surgery around the knee: A long-term follow-up study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    W.P. Bekkering (Peter); van Egmond-van Dam, J.C.; J.A.M. Bramer; A. Beishuizen (Auke); M. Fiocco (Marta); Dijkstra, P.D.S.


    textabstractIt remains unclear if quality of life (QoL) improvements could be expected in young patients after malignant bone tumour surgery after 2 years. To assess the course of QoL over time during a long-term follow-up, malignant bone tumour survivors of a previous short-term study were

  19. Online self-help for suicidal thoughts: a 3 month follow up results and participant evaluation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Spijker, B.A.J.; van Straten, A.; Kerkhof, A.J.F.M.


    Background: As a substantial proportion of people with suicidal thoughts does not receive treatment, the internet can be a utilized to reach more people who need support. Aims: To examine maintenance of effects of online self-help for suicidal thoughts at 3-month follow-up within the intervention

  20. An Evaluation of an Innovative Drug Education Program: Follow-Up Results. (United States)

    Moskowitz, Joel M.; And Others

    This study provides a follow-up assessment of an innovative drug education program for seventh and eighth graders. Students learned Lasswell's framework for understanding human needs and motives, a systematic decision-making procedure, and information about the pharmacological, psychological, and social consequences of licit and illicit drug use.…

  1. Evolution of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: results of a multicenter study at 20 years' follow-up. (United States)

    Pesenti, S; Jouve, J-L; Morin, C; Wolff, S; Sales de Gauzy, J; Chalopin, A; Ibnoulkhatib, A; Polirsztok, E; Walter, A; Schuller, S; Abelin-Genevois, K; Leroux, J; Lechevallier, J; Kabaj, R; Mary, P; Fuentes, S; Parent, H; Garin, C; Bin, K; Peltier, E; Blondel, B; Chopin, D


    To date there is no consensus on therapeutic indications in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) with curvature between 30° and 60° at the end of growth. The objective of this study was to assess outcome in patients with moderate AIS. A multicenter retrospective study was conducted. Inclusion criteria were: Cobb angle, 30-60° at end of growth; and follow-up > 20 years. The data collected were angular values in adolescence and at last follow-up, and quality of life scores at follow-up. A total of 258 patients were enrolled: 100 operated on in adolescence, 116 never operated on, and 42 operated on in adulthood. Mean follow-up was 27.8 years. Cobb angle progression significantly differed between the 3 groups: 3.2° versus 8.8° versus 23.6°, respectively; P scoliosis, the risk of progression to ≥ 20° was significantly higher for initial Cobb angle > 35° (OR=4.278, P=0.002). There were no significant differences in quality of life scores. Patients operated on in adolescence showed little radiological progression, demonstrating the efficacy of surgical treatment for curvature greater than 50°. Curvature greater than 40° was progressive and may require surgery in adulthood. Lumbar scoliosis showed greater potential progression than thoracic scoliosis in adulthood, requiring fusion as of 35° angulation. IV, retrospective study. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  2. Long-term recurrence of soft tissue sarcomas: prognostic factors and implications for prolonged follow-up. (United States)

    Toulmonde, Maud; Le Cesne, Axel; Mendiboure, Jean; Blay, Jean-Yves; Piperno-Neumann, Sophie; Chevreau, Christine; Delcambre, Corinne; Penel, Nicolas; Terrier, Philippe; Ranchère-Vince, Dominique; Lae, Marick; Le Guellec, Sophie; Michels, Jean-Jacques; Robin, Yves-Marie; Bellera, Carine; Italiano, Antoine


    To the authors' knowledge, the incidence of late recurrence (> 5 years after initial management) is unknown and no prognostic factors for late events have been characterized in patients with soft tissue sarcomas. Follow-up data from patients with localized soft tissue sarcoma who were included in the French Sarcoma Group database from January 1990 to June 2005 were reviewed. The outcomes of interest were the cumulative probabilities of late (> 5 years) local and metastatic disease recurrence with death as a competing event. Estimations and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were computed with the cumulative incidence function. A total of 719 patients who were alive and event free > 5 years after their initial diagnosis were included in the current study. Sixty-seven patients (9.3%) developed a late local recurrence and 42 patients (5.8%) developed a late metastatic recurrence, respectively. On multivariate analysis, internal trunk location (hazard ratio [HR], 3.9; 95% CI, 2.2-6.7 [P  100 mm (HR, 2.1; 95% CI, 1.1-4 [P = .035]) were the 2 factors found to be independently associated with an increased risk of late local recurrence. Grade > 1 (graded according to the French Federation of Cancer Centers Sarcoma Group) (HR, 4.7; 95% CI 1.1-21 [P = .04]) was the sole factor found to be independently associated with an increased risk of late metastatic recurrence. Late recurrence of soft tissue sarcoma is relatively uncommon. However, the results of the current study emphasize the critical role of long-term follow-up to detect late local disease recurrence in patients with retroperitoneal or very large soft tissue sarcomas, and late metastatic recurrence in patients with high-grade disease. Conversely, the prolonged follow-up of patients with grade 1 disease is not needed. © 2014 American Cancer Society.

  3. Long-Term (over 10 Years) Retrospective Follow-up of Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding. (United States)

    Froylich, Dvir; Abramovich-Segal, Tamar; Pascal, Guy; Haskins, Ivy; Appel, Boaz; Kafry, Naama; Hazzan, David


    Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) placements have progressively decreased in recent years. This is related to poor long-term weight loss outcomes and necessity for revision or removal of these bands. Long-term outcome results following LAGB are limited. The aim of our study was to determine the long-term outcome after LAGB at our institution. The aim of our study was to determine the long-term outcome after LAGB at our institution. The setting of this is Academic Center, Israel. Patients who underwent LAGB between 1999 and 2004 were reviewed. Patient comorbidities and weight loss parameters were collected preoperatively and at defined postoperative periods. Improvement in weight loss was defined as percent excess weight lost, and improvement in comorbidities was defined based on standardized reporting definitions. In total, 74 (80%) patients who underwent LAGB met inclusion criteria. The mean age at LAGB placement was 50.5 ± 9.6 years, and the mean body mass index (BMI) was 45.5 ± 4.8 kg/m(2). Preoperative comorbidities were diabetes mellitus (13.5%), hypertension (32%), hyperlipidemia (12.1%), obstructive sleep apnea (5.4%), joints disease (10.8%), mood disorders (5.4%), and gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) symptoms (8.1%). The mean follow-up was 162.96 ± 13.9 months; 44 patients (59.4%) had their band removed, and 22 (30%) had another bariatric surgery. The follow-up BMI was 35.7 ± 6.9 (p weight loss was 21.0 ± 0.13. There was no improvement in any of the comorbidities. GERD symptoms worsened at long-term follow-up (p weight loss (OR 12.8; CI 95% 1.62-23.9; p = 0.02). LAGB required removal in the majority of our patients and showed poor resolution of comorbidities with worsening of GERD-related symptoms. Patients who go on to have another bariatric procedure have more durable weight loss outcomes.

  4. Comprehensive Cardiac Magnetic Resonance for Short-Term Follow-Up in Acute Myocarditis. (United States)

    Luetkens, Julian A; Homsi, Rami; Dabir, Darius; Kuetting, Daniel L; Marx, Christian; Doerner, Jonas; Schlesinger-Irsch, Ulrike; Andrié, René; Sprinkart, Alois M; Schmeel, Frederic C; Stehning, Christian; Fimmers, Rolf; Gieseke, Juergen; Naehle, Claas P; Schild, Hans H; Thomas, Daniel K


    Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) can detect inflammatory myocardial alterations in patients suspected of having acute myocarditis. There is limited information regarding the degree of normalization of CMR parameters during the course of the disease and the time window during which quantitative CMR should be most reasonably implemented for diagnostic work-up. Twenty-four patients with suspected acute myocarditis and 45 control subjects underwent CMR. Initial CMR was performed 2.6±1.9 days after admission. Myocarditis patients underwent CMR follow-up after 2.4±0.6, 5.5±1.3, and 16.2±9.9 weeks. The CMR protocol included assessment of standard Lake Louise criteria, T1 relaxation times, extracellular volume fraction, and T2 relaxation times. Group differences between myocarditis patients and control subjects were highest in the acute stage of the disease (PT1 and T2 relaxation times-indicative of myocardial edema-were the only single parameters showing significant differences between myocarditis patients and control subjects on 5.5±1.3-week follow-up (T1: 986.5±44.4 ms versus 965.1±28.1 ms, P=0.022; T2: 55.5±3.2 ms versus 52.6±2.6 ms; P=0.001). In patients with acute myocarditis, CMR markers of myocardial inflammation demonstrated a rapid and continuous decrease over several follow-up examinations. CMR diagnosis of myocarditis should therefore be attempted at an early stage of the disease. Myocardial T1 and T2 relaxation times were the only parameters of active inflammation/edema that could discriminate between myocarditis patients and control subjects even at a convalescent stage of the disease. © 2016 The Authors. Published on behalf of the American Heart Association, Inc., by Wiley Blackwell.

  5. Long-term follow-up of children with typical hemolytic uremic syndrome

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    Birutė Pundzienė


    Conclusions: At 10 years after the acute phase of typical HUS in children, the prevalence of hypertension and proteinuria at 1- and 5-year follow-ups decreased, but after 10 years it started to increase. As much as 6.1% of the children developed hypertension or proteinuria for the first time at 10 years. Hypertension was documented more frequently in children who were younger than <1 year at the onset of the disease. Renal dysfunction after 5 and 10 years remained in more than one-third of cases, and it was observed more often if hypertension was documented at the acute period.

  6. Clinical and radiological long-term follow-up after embolization of pulmonary arteriovenous malformations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Poul Erik; Kjeldsen, Anette Drøhse


    and subjective effect of treatment on physical and social functioning. A significant rise in oxygenation of the blood after embolization was measured. In 77% of the patients symptoms improved, and 71% felt better performance. In eight patients, one of the PAVMs was found insufficiently embolized or recanalized...... at follow-up angiography and therefore were re-embolized. Endovascular embolization for PAVMs is effective. Clinical parameters and quality of life improved significantly. Regular clinical controls after therapy are necessary to discover insufficiently embolized, recanalized or new PAVMs....

  7. Microabrasion in tooth enamel discoloration defects: three cases with long-term follow-ups. (United States)

    Sundfeld, Renato Herman; Sundfeld-Neto, Daniel; Machado, Lucas Silveira; Franco, Laura Molinar; Fagundes, Ticiane Cestari; Briso, André Luiz Fraga


    Superficial irregularities and certain intrinsic stains on the dental enamel surfaces can be resolved by enamel microabrasion, however, treatment for such defects need to be confined to the outermost regions of the enamel surface. Dental bleaching and resin-based composite repair are also often useful for certain situations for tooth color corrections. This article presented and discussed the indications and limitations of enamel microabrasion treatment. Three case reports treated by enamel microabrasion were also presented after 11, 20 and 23 years of follow-ups.

  8. Microabrasion in tooth enamel discoloration defects: three cases with long-term follow-ups

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    Renato Herman SUNDFELD


    Full Text Available Superficial irregularities and certain intrinsic stains on the dental enamel surfaces can be resolved by enamel microabrasion, however, treatment for such defects need to be confined to the outermost regions of the enamel surface. Dental bleaching and resin-based composite repair are also often useful for certain situations for tooth color corrections. This article presented and discussed the indications and limitations of enamel microabrasion treatment. Three case reports treated by enamel microabrasion were also presented after 11, 20 and 23 years of follow-ups.

  9. [Long term follow up of a patient with type I vitamin D-dependent rickets]. (United States)

    Velásquez-Jones, Luis; Medeiros, Mara; Valverde-Rosas, Saúl; Jiménez-Triana, Clímaco; Del Moral-Espinosa, Irma; Romo-Vázquez, José Carlos; Franco-Alvarez, Isidro

    Vitamin D dependent rickets type I is a rare hereditary disease due to a mutation in CYP27B1 encoding the 1α-hydroxylase gene. Clinically, the condition is characterized by hypocalcemic rickets in early infancy due to a deficit in the production of the vitamin D active metabolite 1,25-dihydroxy-vitamin D 3 . We report the case of a patient diagnosed at 11 months with follow-up until 9 years of age. The pathophysiology of the disease and the relevance of early diagnosis and management are discussed. Copyright © 2015. Publicado por Masson Doyma México S.A.

  10. Long-term follow-up of corticosteroid injection for traumatic olecranon bursitis. (United States)

    Weinstein, P S; Canoso, J J; Wohlgethan, J R


    Forty-seven patients with traumatic olecranon bursitis were evaluated after a mean follow-up of 31 months (range 6 to 62 months). Twenty-two patients treated with bursal aspiration had delayed recovery and no complications of therapy. Twenty-five patients treated with intrabursal injection of 20 mg of triamcinolone hexacetonide had rapid recovery, usually within one week, but suffered complications such as infection (3 cases), skin atrophy (5 cases), and chronic local pain (7 cases). Since spontaneous resolution can be expected, a conservative approach is suggested in the treatment of traumatic olecranon bursitis. Images PMID:6696516

  11. Medium-term follow-up of renal function in hypoxaemic congenital heart disease patients. (United States)

    Martínez-Quintana, Efrén; Rodríguez-González, Fayna


    Introduction Hypoxaemic congenital heart disease (CHD) patients are at higher risk of complications. The aim of this study was to compare and follow-up blood and 24-hour urine analytical data in hypoxaemic and non-hypoxaemic CHD patients. The inclusion criteria for this study were as follows: patients older than 14 years of age with a structural CHD with or without associated hypoxaemia. In total, 27 hypoxaemic and 48 non-hypoxaemic CHD patients were included in order to compare blood and 24-hour urine analytical data. Among hypoxaemic patients, 13 (48.1%) were male, two (7.4%) had diabetes mellitus, one of whom was a smoker, one (3.7%) had systemic arterial hypertension, and 11 (40.7%) showed pulmonary arterial hypertension. The mean follow-up time was 3.1±1.9 years. Hypoxaemic CHD patients showed higher proteinuria concentrations (g/24 hours) (0.09 (0.07; 0.46) versus 0.08 (0.07; 0.1), p=0.054) and 24-hour albumin excretion rate (µg/min) (16.5 (11.2; 143.5) versus 4.4 (0.0; 7.6), p<0.001) compared with non-hypoxaemic CHD patients; however, no significant differences were found in the proteinuria levels and in the 24-hour albumin excretion rate in CHD patients with associated hypoxaemia, both at baseline and at follow-up. When divided into groups, hypoxaemic patients with palliative shunts showed significantly higher proteinuria concentrations compared with hypoxaemic patients not operated on or with Fontan procedures (p=0.01). No significant differences were seen in 24-hour proteinuria and 24-hour albumin excretion rate during the follow-up of patients with palliative shunts. Hypoxaemic CHD patients have significant higher 24-hour proteinuria concentration and 24-hour albumin excretion rate compared with non-hypoxaemic CHD patients. Among hypoxaemic CHD patients, those with palliative shunts showed the highest 24-hour proteinuria concentrations.

  12. A community-based long-term follow up of women undergoing obstetric fistula repair in rural Ethiopia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, H S; Lindberg, L; Nygaard, U


    OBJECTIVES: To assess urinary and reproductive health and quality of life following surgical repair of obstetric fistula. DESIGN: Follow-up study. SETTING: A newly established fistula clinic (2004) at Gimbie Adventist Hospital, a 71-bedded district general hospital in West Wollega Zone, in rural...... and quality of life. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Urinary health at follow up was assessed as completely dry, stress or urge incontinence, or fistula. King's Health Questionnaire was modified and used for the quality-of-life assessment. RESULTS: At follow up, 21 women (57%) were completely dry, 13 (35%) suffered...

  13. Two-Years Follow-up Results of a Smoking Cessation Clinic in a State Hospital

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    Sami Deniz


    Full Text Available Objective: The primary aim of the present study was to evaluate the data and success of a smoking cessation clinic in a secondary state hospital. Secondarily, the study aimed to compare the cessation rates of patients using varenicline and bupropion. Methods: A total of 251 patients, admitted to our smoking cessation clinic were retrospectively evaluated. The smoking cessation clinic was run one day every week and included a 35-min presentation on smoking cessation and face-to-face interviews with every patient who attended the clinic. Monthly control visits were conducted, and after 2 years all the patients were asked about their smoking status via a phone call. Results: A total of 152 out of the 251 patients, namely those who were successfully contacted, were included in the study. The average age of the study population was 46.2±11.2 (18–69, and 81 (53.3% were female. The average nicotine dependence level was 5.8±2.3. The nicotine dependence levels and the amount of current cigarette consumption in one day were higher in the varenicline group (p=0.003 and p=0.002, respectively, whereas the duration of treatment was lower (p=0.009. Among all the patients, the average smoking cessation rate was 61.2% in 6 months, 34.2% in 12 months, 18.4% in 18 months, and 5.3% in 24 months. There were no differences in smoking cessation rates between the varenicline and bupropion groups (p>0.05. Conclusion: An effective success in smoking cessation was observed with the combined use of behavioral and pharmacological modalities. Intensive behavioral interventions and treatment and follow up for longer durations, particularly for patients with risk factors for relapse, can increase the success of smoking cessation clinics.

  14. Accelerated Corneal Collagen Cross-Linking in Pediatric Patients: Two-Year Follow-Up Results

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    Rohit Shetty


    Full Text Available Purpose. To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of accelerated corneal collagen cross-linking (ACXL in patients below 14 years of age with progressive keratoconus. Materials and Methods. Thirty eyes of 18 patients with established progressive keratoconus underwent preoperative and postoperative visual acuity assessment, topography, and specular microscopy prior to ACXL and were followed up for 24 months. Results. Mean age of the patients was 12.7 years with ten males and eight females. There was an improvement in the mean postoperative uncorrected distant visual acuity (from 0.76±0.26 to 0.61±0.25; P=0.005, mean corrected distant visual acuity (from 0.24±0.19 to 0.12±0.12; P<0.001, mean spherical refraction (from -3.04 DS±3.60 to -2.38 DS±3.37; P=0.28, mean cylinder (from -3.63 DC±1.82 to -2.80 DC±1.48; P=0.008, and spherical equivalent (from -4.70 D±3.86 to -3.75 D±3.49; P=0.15. Three eyes of two patients with vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC showed progression. There were no intra- or postoperative complications. Conclusion. In pediatric patients ACXL is an effective and safe procedure for the management of keratoconus. Optimal management of VKC is important to arrest the progression of keratoconus.

  15. Long-term MRA follow-up after coiling of intracranial aneurysms: impact on mood and anxiety

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    Ferns, Sandra P.; Nieuwkerk, Pythia T.; Majoie, Charles B.L.M. [Academic Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Rooij, Willem Jan J. van [St. Elisabeth Ziekenhuis, Department of Radiology, Tilburg (Netherlands); Rinkel, Gabriel J.E. [University Medical Center, Department of Neurology, Rudolf Magnus Institute of Neuroscience, Utrecht (Netherlands)


    Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) screening for recurrence of a coiled intracranial aneurysm and formation of new aneurysms long-term after coiling may induce anxiety and depression. In coiled patients, we evaluated effects on mood and level of anxiety from long-term follow-up MRA in comparison to general population norms. Of 162 patients participating in a long-term (>4.5 years) MRA follow-up after coiling, 120 completed the EQ-5D questionnaire, a visual analog health scale and a self-developed screening related questionnaire at the time of MRA. Three months later, the same questionnaires were completed by 100 of these 120 patients. Results were compared to general population norms adjusted for gender and age. Any problem with anxiety or depression was reported in 56 of 120 patients (47%; 95%CI38<->56%) at baseline and 42 of 100 patients (42%; 95%CI32<->52%) at 3 months, equally for screen-positives and -negatives. Compared to the reference population, participants scored 38% (95%CI9<->67%) and 27% (95%CI4<->50%) more often any problem with anxiety or depression. Three months after screening, 21% (20 of 92) of screen-negatives and 13% (one of eight) of screen-positives reported to be less afraid of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) compared to before screening. One of eight screen-positives reported increased fear of SAH. Patients with coiled intracranial aneurysms participating in long-term MRA screening reported significantly more often to be anxious or depressed than a reference group. Screening did not significantly increase anxiety or depression temporarily. However, subjectively, patients did report an increase in anxiety caused by screening, which decreased after 3 months. (orig.)

  16. Acute gastritis with hypochlorhydria: report of 35 cases with long term follow up (United States)

    Harford, W; Barnett, C; Lee, E; Perez-Perez, G; Blaser, M; Peterson, W


    BACKGROUND—Between 1976 and 1987, 35 cases of acute gastritis with hypochlorhydria (AGH) were seen in our research laboratory. The aims of this study were to determine the natural history of AGH and the role of Helicobacter pylori in its pathogenesis.
METHODS—Archived serum and gastric biopsy samples obtained from AGH subjects were examined for evidence of H pylori colonisation. Twenty eight of 33 (85%) surviving AGH subjects returned a mean of 12 years after AGH for follow up studies, including determination of H pylori antibodies, basal and peak acid output, endoscopy, and gastric biopsies. A matched control group underwent the same studies.
RESULTS—Archived material provided strong evidence of new H pylori acquisition in a total of 14 subjects within two months, in 18 within four months, and in 22 within 12 months of recognition of AGH. Prevalence of H pylori colonisation at follow up was 82% (23 of 28) in AGH subjects, significantly (phypochlorhydria resolves in most subjects.

Keywords: Helicobacter pylori; acute gastritis; gastric acid secretion; hypochlorhydria PMID:10986205

  17. [Pulsatile Fontan: transcatheter closure of patent pulmonary artery. Follow up mid-term]. (United States)

    Gamboa, Ricardo; Mollón, Francisco P; Ríos Méndez, Raúl E; Cayré, Raúl O; Cazzaniga, Mario; Arroyo, Graciela M; Gutiérrez, Diego F


    We report the percutaneous closure of the pulmonary artery with residual shunt in patients with Fontan type circuit. Patients aged 9 and 11 years, with SaO2 of 88 and 96%, respectively. One of them coursing with headaches and functional class II. Both patients with total cavopulmonary anastomosis and fenestrated extracardiac conduit and permeable pulmonary artery (pulsatile Fontan). An Amplatzer duct-occluder device was implanted in the pulmonary artery entering from the femoral vein. Follow-up by means of clinical examination, imaging, and catetherization was pursued. Case 1, patency fenestration, Qp/Qs: 0.7/1. Case 2, closed fenestration, Qp/Qs; 1.3/1. We obtained immediate occlusion with 6/4 and 8/6 devices, respectively; pressure recordings revealed modification of the arterial morphology to biphasic; pulmonary pressure dropped 2 mm Hg in the first patient, without alteration in the second case; no changes in SaO2 were registered. Time of fluoroscopy was 57 and 45 minutes, respectively. Follow-up was maintained for 2.8 and 2.3 years, respectively. In patient 1, headaches disappeared and the fenestration was occluded with an Amplatzer septal-occluder one year later, raising SaO2 to 96%; no complications occurred nor was recanalization of the pulmonary artery needed in either case. Percutaneous occlusion of patent pulmonary artery in patients with Fontan type circuit is a feasible and effective procedure, and avoids overload of the single ventricle.

  18. Innovative Perspective: Gadolinium-Free Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Long-Term Follow-Up after Kidney Transplantation (United States)

    van Eijs, Mick J. M.; van Zuilen, Arjan D.; de Boer, Anneloes; Froeling, Martijn; Nguyen, Tri Q.; Joles, Jaap A.; Leiner, Tim; Verhaar, Marianne C.


    Since the mid-1980s magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been investigated as a non- or minimally invasive tool to probe kidney allograft function. Despite this long-standing interest, MRI still plays a subordinate role in daily practice of transplantation nephrology. With the introduction of new functional MRI techniques, administration of exogenous gadolinium-based contrast agents has often become unnecessary and true non-invasive assessment of allograft function has become possible. This raises the question why application of MRI in the follow-up of kidney transplantation remains restricted, despite promising results. Current literature on kidney allograft MRI is mainly focused on assessment of (sub) acute kidney injury after transplantation. The aim of this review is to survey whether MRI can provide valuable diagnostic information beyond 1 year after kidney transplantation from a mechanistic point of view. The driving force behind chronic allograft nephropathy is believed to be chronic hypoxia. Based on this, techniques that visualize kidney perfusion and oxygenation, scarring, and parenchymal inflammation deserve special interest. We propose that functional MRI mechanistically provides tools for diagnostic work-up in long-term follow-up of kidney allografts. PMID:28559850

  19. Innovative Perspective: Gadolinium-Free Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Long-Term Follow-Up after Kidney Transplantation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mick J. M. van Eijs


    Full Text Available Since the mid-1980s magnetic resonance imaging (MRI has been investigated as a non- or minimally invasive tool to probe kidney allograft function. Despite this long-standing interest, MRI still plays a subordinate role in daily practice of transplantation nephrology. With the introduction of new functional MRI techniques, administration of exogenous gadolinium-based contrast agents has often become unnecessary and true non-invasive assessment of allograft function has become possible. This raises the question why application of MRI in the follow-up of kidney transplantation remains restricted, despite promising results. Current literature on kidney allograft MRI is mainly focused on assessment of (sub acute kidney injury after transplantation. The aim of this review is to survey whether MRI can provide valuable diagnostic information beyond 1 year after kidney transplantation from a mechanistic point of view. The driving force behind chronic allograft nephropathy is believed to be chronic hypoxia. Based on this, techniques that visualize kidney perfusion and oxygenation, scarring, and parenchymal inflammation deserve special interest. We propose that functional MRI mechanistically provides tools for diagnostic work-up in long-term follow-up of kidney allografts.

  20. Long-term follow-up of anterior thalamic deep brain stimulation in epilepsy: A 11-year, single center experience. (United States)

    Kim, Seong Hoon; Lim, Sung Chul; Kim, Jiyeon; Son, Byung-Chul; Lee, Kyung Jin; Shon, Young-Min


    Anterior thalamic deep brain stimulation (ATN DBS) is an emerging, effective treatment for patients with drug-resistant epilepsy, but long-term results on its efficacy and safety are lacking. To evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of ATN DBS treatment, as well as predictors of its success, in patients with drug-refractory epilepsy (DRE). We retrospectively studied clinical outcomes in 29 consecutive refractory epilepsy patients treated by a single DBS team (two neurosurgeons, four neurologists) over an 11-year period, for whom follow-up was performed for up to 137 months (mean, 74.9 months). The average participant was 30.7 (±10.4) years old and had epilepsy for 19.3 (±9.0) years. The mean preoperative frequency of disabling partial or generalized tonic-clonic seizures was 27.5 (±8.6, SE) seizures a month. The median percent seizure reduction was 71.3% at 1year, 73.9% at 2 years, and ranged from 61.8% to 80.0% over post-implant years 3 through 11 in the long-term study (overall 70% median reduction). In the 11-year study period, 13.8% (4/29) of subjects were seizure-free for at least 12 months during this time. There was only one symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage that happened during follow-up (3.4%). Infection requiring removal and later re-implantation of hardware occurred in only 1 of 30 patients (3.3%), who was subsequently excluded from our follow-up assessment. Hardware malfunction including lead disconnection occurred in 2 of 29 cases (6.9%). Revision of lead position to redeem poor clinical response was performed in 3 of 58 implanted leads (5.2%). ATN DBS can be an effective therapy in a variety of patients with DRE. Importantly, we provide evidence that significant therapeutic efficacy can be sustained for up to 11 years. Neurological complications were rather rare, but long-term hardware-related complications should be followed arrectis auribus. Copyright © 2017 British Epilepsy Association. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. Uterine artery embolization in patients with a large fibroid burden: long-term clinical and MR follow-up. (United States)

    Smeets, Albert J; Nijenhuis, Robbert J; van Rooij, Willem Jan; Weimar, Emilie A M; Boekkooi, Peter F; Lampmann, Leo E H; Vervest, Harry A M; Lohle, Paul N M


    Uterine artery embolization (UAE) in patients with a large fibroid burden is controversial. Anecdotal reports describe serious complications and limited clinical results. We report the long-term clinical and magnetic resonance (MR) results in a large series of women with a dominant fibroid of >10 cm and/or an uterine volume of >700 cm(3). Seventy-one consecutive patients (mean age, 42.5 years; median, 40 years; range, 25-52 years) with a large fibroid burden were treated by UAE between August 2000 and April 2005. Volume reduction and infarction rate of dominant fibroid and uterus were assessed by comparing the baseline and latest follow-up MRIs. Patients were clinically followed at various time intervals after UAE with standardized questionnaires. There were no serious complications of UAE. During a mean follow-up of 48 months (median, 59 months; range, 6-106 months), 10 of 71 patients (14%) had a hysterectomy. Mean volume reduction of the fibroid and uterus was 44 and 43%. Mean infarction rate of the fibroid and overall fibroid infarction rate was 86 and 87%. In the vast majority of patients there was a substantial improvement of symptoms. Clinical results were similar in patients with a dominant fibroid >10 cm and in patients with large uterine volumes by diffuse fibroid disease. In conclusion, our results indicate that the risk of serious complications after UAE in patients with a large fibroid burden is not increased. Moreover, clinical long-term results are as good as in other patients who are treated with UAE. Therefore, a large fibroid burden should not be considered a contraindication for UAE.

  2. Predictors of a favourable outcome in patients with fibromyalgia: results of 1-year follow-up. (United States)

    Kim, Ji-Eun; Park, Dong-Jin; Choi, Sung-Eun; Kang, Ji-Hyoun; Yim, Yi-Rang; Lee, Jeong-Won; Lee, Kyung-Eun; Wen, Lihui; Kim, Seong-Kyu; Choe, Jung-Yoon; Lee, Shin-Seok


    To determine the outcomes of Korean patients with fibromyalgia (FM) and to identify prognostic factors associated with improvement at 1-year follow-up. Forty-eight patients with FM were enrolled and examined every 3 months for 1 year. At the time of enrollment, we interviewed all patients using a structured questionnaire that recorded socio-demographic data, current or past FM symptoms, and current use of relevant medications. Tender point counts and scores were assessed by thumb palpation. Patients were asked to complete the Korean versions of the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ), the Brief Fatigue Inventory, the SF-36, the Beck Depression Inventory, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), the Self-Efficacy Scale, and the Social Support Scale. Tender points, FIQ scores, and the use of relevant medications were recorded during one year of follow-up. Of the 48 patients, 32 (66.7%) had improved FIQ scores 1 year after enrollment. Improved patients had higher baseline FIQ scores (68.4±13.9 vs. 48.4±20.8, p=0.001) and STAI-II scores (55.8±10.9 vs. 11.5±11.5, p=0.022). Patients treated with pregabalin were more likely to improve after 1 year, based on the FIQ scores (71.9% vs. 37.5%, p=0.031). On multivariate logistic regression analysis, a higher STAI-II score at the time of enrollment and pregabalin treatment during one year of follow-up were the predictors of improvement. Two-thirds of our Korean FM patients experienced some clinical improvement by 1-year follow-up. A high baseline STAI-II score and treatment with pregabalin were the important predictor of improved FM.

  3. [Long-term follow-up of a case of unilateral retinitis pigmentosa]. (United States)

    Kato, Kumiko; Miyake, Yozo; Matsubara, Hisashi; Uji, Yukitaka


    Unilateral retinitis pigmentosa is a retinal dystrophy affecting only one eye, the fellow eye being affected neither functionally nor in fundus appearance. There are relatively few cases of unilateral retinitis pigmentosa being followed for more than 5 years. An 18-year-old woman complaining of blurred vision of left eye was found to have left visual field concentric contraction. Because the right eye was unaffected electrofunctionally and in fundus appearance, there was a suspicion of unilateral retinitis pigmentosa. We tracked her for 8 years and, because the right eye remained unaffected, we diagnosed unilateral retinitis pigmentosa of left eye. We report a case of unilateral retinitis pigmentosa. It is reported that the healthy fellow eye of patients with unilateral retinitis pigmentosa developed bilateral retinitis pigmentosa after 10 years, consequently, this case needs further follow-up.

  4. [Long-term follow up of childhood cancer survivors in the Murcia Region: preferences and attitudes of Primary Care professionals]. (United States)

    Cárceles-Álvarez, A; Ortega-García, J A; Fuster-Soler, J L; Rivera-Pagán, G A; Bermúdez-Cortés, M; Gomariz-Peñalver, V; Monzó-Nuñez, E; López-Hernández, F A


    To assess attitudes, beliefs and knowledge of primary medical care professionals as regards the follow-up of Childhood Cancer Survivors (CCS) and the introduction of a Long-Term Follow-Up Program for Childhood Cancer Survivors in the Region of Murcia (PLASESCAP-MUR). Descriptive cross-sectional study using a structured, self-administered questionnaire. These questionnaires were sent to all primary medical care professionals in Murcia Health District 1. Response rate of 58% (100/172), with 71% and 22% being family physicians and pediatricians, respectively, of whom 49% provided medical care to a CCS in the last 5 years, with 84% reporting that they never or rarely received a detailed report of overall assessment of the survivor. More than 75% found that access to detailed follow-up information was quite or very useful; 95% prefer to consult experts when providing medical care to survivors, and 80% believe that improving the quality of the environment may decrease the morbidity and mortality of the survivors. A statistically significant relationship was found between the length of practicing medicine and the perception of the importance of environmental factors. It seems to be important to increase the training of primary care professionals for the long-term follow-up of CCS, as well as having the detailed information through a personalized long-term follow-up of each survivor. PLASESCAP-MUR offers an integrated follow-up to CCS in a model of shared care between Long Term Monitoring Units and Primary Care Units. Copyright © 2014 Asociación Española de Pediatría. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  5. Case report: fast reversal of severe osteoporosis after correction of excessive levothyroxine treatment and long-term follow-up. (United States)

    Laine, C M; Landin-Wilhelmsen, K


    This case report describes a 38-year-old woman, who presented with bilateral femoral stress fractures and osteoporosis after years of excessive levothyroxine treatment. Her bone health was restored rapidly and long-lasting with the reduction of levothyroxine dosage. No bone-active treatment was warranted. Hyperthyroidism is a known risk factor for osteoporosis and fractures. Recent studies on patients with serum thyrotropin-suppressive therapy have not, however, indicated adverse effects on bone during long-term follow-up. This case report describes long-term follow-up data of a clinically euthyreoid patient, who developed symptomatic osteoporosis due to excessive levothyroxine treatment. After correction of levothyroxine dosage, her bone mineral density (BMD) and previously elevated serum osteocalcin levels normalized rapidly and she remained free from fractures during 23 years of follow-up over menopause. Excessive TSH suppression contributed to the secondary osteoporosis in this patient; BMD normalized after dose reduction of levothyroxine and no fractures occurred during 23 years' follow-up. Some patients develop severe osteoporosis if they are over-substituted with levothyroxine, and decent follow-up of patients with levothyroxine supplementation is mandatory.

  6. Long term follow-up of a tobacco prevention and cessation program in cystic fibrosis patients. (United States)

    Ortega-García, Juan Antonio; Perales, Joseph E; Cárceles-Álvarez, Alberto; Sánchez-Sauco, Miguel Felipe; Villalona, Seiichi; Mondejar-López, Pedro; Pastor-Vivero, María Dolores; Mira Escolano, Pilar; James-Vega, Diana Carolina; Sánchez-Solís, Manuel


    This study evaluates the impact over time of a telephone-based intervention in tobacco cessation and prevention targeting patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) in the Mediterranean region of Murcia, Spain. We conducted an experimental prospective study with a cohort of CF patients using an integrative smoking cessation programme, between 2008 and 2013. The target population included family members and patients from the Regional CF unit. The study included an initial tobacco exposure questionnaire, measurement of lung function, urinary cotinine levels, anthropomorphic measures and the administered intervention at specific time intervals. Of the 88 patients tracked through follow-up, active smoking rates were reduced from 10.23% to 4.55% (p = 0.06). Environmental tobacco exposure was reduced in non-smoker patients from 62.03% to 36.90% (p < 0.01) during the five year follow-up. Significant reductions in the gradient of household tobacco smoke exposure were also observed with a decrease of 12.60%, from 31.65% (n = 25/79) to 19.05% (n = 16/84) in 2013 (p = <0.01). Cotinine was significantly correlated with both active and passive exposure (p<0.01) with a significant reduction of cotinine levels from 63.13 (28.58-97.69) to 20.56 (0.86-40.27) ng/ml (p<0.01). The intervention to significantly increase the likelihood of family quitting (smoke-free home) was 1.26 (1.05-1.54). Telephone based interventions for tobacco cessation and prevention is a useful tool when applied over time. Trained intervention professionals in this area are needed in the environmental health approach for the treatment of CF.

  7. VEPTR to treat nonsyndromic congenital scoliosis: a multicenter, mid-term follow-up study. (United States)

    Flynn, John M; Emans, John B; Smith, John T; Betz, Randal R; Deeney, Vincent F; Patel, Neeraj M; Campbell, Robert M


    Traditional surgical management of multiple congenital vertebral anomalies in young children, including fusion in situ and hemiepiphyseodesis, do not promote spinal growth nor address the associated thoracic insufficiency syndrome. We hypothesize that vertical expandable prosthetic titanium rib (VEPTR) with expansion thoracoplasty may control spinal deformity, allow spinal growth, and address thoracic insufficiency syndrome in children with nonsyndromic complex congenital spinal deformities. Eight pediatric spine centers prospectively entered clinical and radiographic data into a database on every congenital spinal deformity treated with VEPTR as part of an Food and Drug Administration study. We retrospectively reviewed these data and excluded patients with spina bifida, Jarcho-Levin, or other syndromes. Data analysis focused on surgical technique and expansion frequency, change in Cobb angle and thoracic heights, and adverse events for a consecutive series of patients with at least 2 years of follow-up. Twenty-four children with an average age at surgery of 3.3 years (range, 1.0 to 12.5 y) were treated with VEPTR insertion and expansion thoracostomy and were followed for an average of 40.7 months (range, 25 to 78 mo). Twenty-three (95.8%) had associated rib fusions. All patients had subsequent expansion surgery; 50% had 5 or more expansions. Twenty patients (83.3%) had an improvement in Cobb angle during treatment with an average improvement of 8.9 degrees. All had an increase in thoracic height, with a mean increase of 3.41 cm. The most common adverse events were device migration in 7 patients and infection or skin problems in 6 patients. VEPTR insertion with expansion thoracoplasty represents a successful treatment paradigm for nonsyndromic congenital spinal deformities. We report multicenter data with midterm follow-up of children without syndromic diagnoses, in which the vast majority had an improvement in Cobb angle and thoracic height over the treatment

  8. Do Autotransplanted Teeth Require Elective Root Canal Therapy? A Long-Term Follow-Up Case Series. (United States)

    Murtadha, Linda; Kwok, Jerry


    To determine the long-term survival and outcomes of 252 autotransplanted teeth with a novel root canal therapy (RCT) and follow-up protocol and to establish whether elective RCT after autotransplantation is routinely required for teeth with complete root formation. A retrospective analysis of 209 patients 10 to 58 years old, with a total of 252 autotransplants was carried out with a minimum observational period of 1 year and a maximum period of 29 years. Patients were reviewed at specified intervals. Only the teeth showing any radiographic or clinical signs of internal resorption (IR), external resorption (ER), or pulpal necrosis underwent RCT. A failure was considered the loss or extraction of the autotransplanted tooth. Ten of the 252 autotransplants constituted failures, with 249, 190, 155, 97, 70, and 35 teeth surviving at 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, and 10 years, respectively; the remainder were lost to follow-up. Eighteen percent of teeth (n = 46) showed radiographic signs of IR, ER, and apical pathology (AP). Most cases of ER were observed by 3 years (18 of 28 teeth) and then at 5 to -8 years. Only 3 teeth showed signs of IR, which were observed within 5 years. Most cases of AP were observed within the first year (8 of 15 teeth) and then at 3 to 6 years. Five teeth showed signs of pulp obliteration or sclerosis and did not require RCT, with a maximum period of 16 years after identification of sclerosis. Retrospective analysis of the data showed that 184 autotransplanted teeth had complete root formation and 68 had incomplete root formation at the time of autotransplantation. Of the teeth that were followed for at least 5 years, 59.3% had complete root formation with no signs of pathology and required no RCT. Despite the limitation of this long-term study of patients lost to follow-up, the results suggest that, with close monitoring, some autotransplanted teeth with complete root formation that do not undergo RCT could have the potential for revascularization

  9. Multidetector row computed tomography of acute pancreatitis: Utility of single portal phase CT scan in short-term follow up

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kwon, Yongwonn [Department of Radiology, Konkuk University Medical Center, 4-12, Hwayang-dong, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul 143-729 (Korea, Republic of); Park, Hee Sun, E-mail: [Department of Radiology, Konkuk University Medical Center, 4-12, Hwayang-dong, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul 143-729 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Young Jun; Jung, Sung Il; Jeon, Hae Jeong [Department of Radiology, Konkuk University Medical Center, 4-12, Hwayang-dong, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul 143-729 (Korea, Republic of)


    Objective: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the question of whether nonenhanced CT or contrast enhanced portal phase CT can replace multiphasic pancreas protocol CT in short term monitoring in patients with acute pancreatitis. Materials and methods: This retrospective study was approved by the Institutional Review Board. From April 2006 to May 2010, a total of 52 patients having acute pancreatitis who underwent initial dual phase multidetector row CT (unenhanced, arterial, and portal phase) at admission and a short term (within 30 days) follow up dual phase CT (mean interval 10.3 days, range 3-28 days) were included. Two abdominal radiologists performed an independent review of three sets of follow up CT images (nonenhanced scan, single portal phase scan, and dual phase scan). Interpretation of each image set was done with at least 2-week interval. Radiologists evaluated severity of acute pancreatitis with regard to pancreatic inflammation, pancreatic necrosis, and extrapancreatic complication, based on the modified CT severity index. Scores of each image set were compared using a paired t-test and interobserver agreement was evaluated using intraclass correlation coefficient statistics. Results: Mean scores of sum of CT severity index on nonenhanced scan, portal phase scan, and dual phase scan were 5.7, 6.6, and 6.5 for radiologist 1, and 5.0, 5.6, and 5.8 for radiologist 2, respectively. In both radiologists, contrast enhanced scan (portal phase scan and dual phase scan) showed significantly higher severity score compared with that of unenhanced scan (P < 0.05), while portal phase and dual phase scan showed no significant difference each other. The trend was similar regarding pancreatic inflammation and extrapancreatic complications, in which contrast enhanced scans showed significantly higher score compared with those of unenhanced scan, while no significant difference was observed between portal phase scan and dual phase scan. In pancreatic necrosis

  10. Long-term follow-up in sacroiliac joint pain patients treated with radiofrequency ablative therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávio Ramalho Romero


    Full Text Available Sacroiliac joint (SIJ pain is responsible for up to 40% of all cases of lumbar back pain. Objective Report the long-term efficacy of radiofrequency denervation for sacroiliac joint pain at six, twelve and eighteen months.Method Third-two adults’ patients with sacroiliac join pain diagnosis were included for a prospective study. Primary outcome measure was pain intensity on the Numeric Rating Scale (NRS. Secondary outcome measure was Patient Global Impression of Change Scale (PGIC.Results Short-term pain relief was observed, with the mean NRS pain score decreasing from 7.7 ± 1.8 at baseline to 2.8 ± 1.2 at one month and to 3.1 ± 1.9 at six months post-procedure (p < 0.001. Long-term pain relief was sustained at twelve and eighteen months post-procedure, with NRS pain remaining at 3.4 ± 2.1 and 4.0 ± 2.7, respectively.Conclusion Radiofrequency denervation of the SIJ can significantly reduce pain in selected patients with sacroiliac syndrome.

  11. Long-Term Follow-Up of Children Treated With Peginterferon and Ribavirin for Hepatitis C Virus Infection. (United States)

    Haber, Barbara; Alonso, Estella; Pedreira, Alejandra; Rodriguez-Baez, Norberto; Ciocca, Mirta; Lacaille, Florence; Lang, Thomas; Gonzalez, Teresita; Goodman, Zachary; Yang, Zijiang; Jackson, Beth; Noviello, Stephanie; Albrecht, Janice K


    The aim of the study was to describe the 5-year follow-up of children who received peginterferon and ribavirin in a global, open-label study. A 5-year follow-up study of 107 children and adolescents ages 3 to 17 years with chronic hepatitis C virus infection who received peginterferon and ribavirin for 24 or 48 weeks. No drugs were administered during follow-up. Ninety-four patients were enrolled in the long-term follow-up portion of the study; the median duration of follow-up was 287 weeks (range, 73-339). Of 63 patients with sustained virologic response who were enrolled, 54 completed 5 years of follow-up; none had relapse in the 5-year follow-up period. Significant decreases in height z scores were observed during treatment. The effect of treatment on height z score was larger in patients treated for 48 weeks compared with those treated for 24 weeks (mean change from baseline to the end of treatment was -0.13 [P < 0.001] and -0.44 [P < 0.001] in the 24- and 48-week treatment groups, respectively). Among patients treated for 24 weeks, full recovery of height z scores to baseline was observed by 1 year of follow-up, whereas only partial recovery was observed during 5 years of follow-up in patients treated for 48 weeks (mean change from baseline to the final follow-up visit was -0.16 (P = NS) and -0.32 (P < 0.05) in the 24- and 48-week treatment groups, respectively). Similar patterns were observed for weight and body mass index z scores. Impairment of growth should be considered when assessing the risk-benefit profile of peginterferon/ribavirin therapy in children with hepatitis C virus infection. In deciding to treat children with chronic hepatitis C virus, considerations should include both deferring treatment in patients during optimal growth periods, and the possibility that interferon-free regimens may be available to children in the next 5 to 10 years.

  12. Relationship between impairments, disability and handicap in reflex sympathetic dystrophy patients : a long-term follow-up study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Geertzen, JHB; Dijkstra, PU; van Sonderen, ELP; Groothoff, JW; ten Duis, HJ; Eisma, WH


    Objective: To determine the relationship between impairments, disability and handicap in reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD) patients. Design: A long-term follow-up study of upper extremity RSD patients. Setting: A university hospital. Subjects: Sixty-five patients, 3-9 years (mean interval 5.5

  13. Long-term follow-up for patients with colonic perforation due to colonoscopy: From clinical and medicolegal viewpoints

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tzu-Chun Chen


    Conclusions: Iatrogenic colonic perforation due to endoscopy is potentially lethal, especially for aged patients. Some patients and their family viewed the perforation as malpractice and asked for compensations. Usually, the primary repair of the perforation site is safe, and long-term follow-up reveals no sequelae after adequate treatment.

  14. Fecal Transplantation Treatment of Antibiotic-Induced, Noninfectious Colitis and Long-Term Microbiota Follow-Up

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Satokari, R.; Fuentes, S.; Mattila, E.; Jalanka, J.; Vos, de W.M.; Arkkila, P.


    Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is an effective treatment for recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) and is considered as a treatment for other gastrointestinal (GI) diseases. We followed up the relief of symptoms and long-term, over-a-year microbiota stabilization in a 46-year-old

  15. Long term follow-up of a randomized controlled trial of oral appliance therapy in obstructive sleep apnea

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aarab, G.; Lobbezoo, F.; Heijmans, M.W.; Hamburger, H.L.; Naeije, M.


    Background: Long-term trials are needed to capture information regarding the persistence of efficacy and loss to follow-up of both mandibular advancement device (MAD) therapy and continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy. Objectives: The aim of the study was to compare these treatment

  16. A single measure of FEV1 is associated with risk of asthma attacks in long-term follow-up

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kitch, BT; Paltiel, AD; Kuntz, KM; Dockery, DW; Schouten, JP; Weiss, ST; Fuhlbrigge, AL


    Background: Clinical practice guidelines for asthma care emphasize the use of objective measures of asthma severity, and vet little data exist oil the relationship between FEV1 and asthma outcomes over long-term follow-up. Methods: We explored the association between measures of FEV1 percentage of

  17. Long-term follow-up of a patient with achondroplasia treated with an orthodontic approach. (United States)

    Mori, Hiroyo; Matsumoto, Kazuma; Kawai, Nobuhiko; Izawa, Takashi; Horiuchi, Shinya; Tanaka, Eiji


    We successfully treated a patient with achondroplasia with conventional orthodontic techniques. It was followed by long-term retention. The patient, a 12-year-old boy, had chief complaints of occlusal disturbance and mandibular protrusion. He had been diagnosed with achondroplasia and had growth hormone treatment in his early teenage years. His facial profile was concave with a bulging forehead and a retrognathic maxilla. It was characterized by a skeletal Class III jaw-base relationship with a retropositioned maxilla. At the age of 12 years 9 months, maxillary protraction was initiated with a reverse headgear; for 2 years 6 months, the maxillomandibular growth was controlled. After the growth spurt, at the age of 15 years 6 months, leveling and alignment of both dental arches were started with preadjusted edgewise appliances. After 83 months of multibracket treatment, an acceptable occlusion with a Class I molar relationship and an adequate interincisal relationship was achieved, despite the simultaneous marked vertical growth of the mandible. The resultant occlusion was stable during a 6-year retention period, although considerable forward-downward mandibular growth was observed. Conclusively, our results indicated the necessity of long-term observation in this patient with achondroplasia, especially because of the persistent mandibular growth. Copyright © 2017 American Association of Orthodontists. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Aerobic fitness after JDM--a long-term follow-up study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mathiesen, Pernille Raasthøj; Ørngreen, Mette Cathrine; Vissing, John


    Objectives. It has previously been shown that patients with active JDM have decreased aerobic fitness; however, it is not known whether these patients regain their physical fitness after recovery. The objective of this study was to investigate the long-term outcome of aerobic fitness in patients...... with JDM. We hypothesized that fitness (VO(2max)) is reduced compared with healthy controls in the years after active JDM. Methods. A maximal exercise test was performed using a cycle ergometer. Results were compared with those of sex- and age-matched healthy controls. Results. A total of 36 patients...... year of active disease, VO(2max) was reduced by 0.85 ml/min/kg on average (P fitness. This impairment is directly related to the duration of active disease....

  19. An extremely rare case of testicular malign neoplasm; alveolar subtype of rhabdomyosarcoma with long term follow-up.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tumay Ipekci


    Full Text Available Testicular neoplasm usually occur in men aged between 15 and 35. These are solid organ tumours and also should be operated when there is a suspicious clinical findings. Testis tumours are levelled after histopathology evaluation. The medical, surgical and follow-up strategies of well know testis tumours, such as seminomas, non-seminom germ cell tumours, have been established. In case of testis tumours rare entities may occur as rhabdomyosarcoma.We here presented a rare case of   alveolar subtype of rhabdomyosarcoma in testis with long term follow-up.

  20. Hip-Hop to Health Jr. Randomized Effectiveness Trial: 1-Year Follow-up Results. (United States)

    Kong, Angela; Buscemi, Joanna; Stolley, Melinda R; Schiffer, Linda A; Kim, Yoonsang; Braunschweig, Carol L; Gomez-Perez, Sandra L; Blumstein, Lara B; Van Horn, Linda; Dyer, Alan R; Fitzgibbon, Marian L


    The preschool years provide a unique window of opportunity to intervene on obesity-related lifestyle risk factors during the formative years of a child's life. The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of a preschool-based obesity prevention effectiveness trial at 1-year follow-up. RCT. Primarily African American children (aged 3-5 years, N=618) attending Head Start preschool programs administered by Chicago Public Schools. Eighteen preschools were randomly assigned in 2007-2008 to receive either (1) a 14-week teacher-delivered intervention focused on healthy lifestyle behaviors or (2) a 14-week teacher-delivered general health curriculum (control group). The primary outcome, BMI, was measured at baseline, postintervention, and 1-year follow-up. Diet and screen time behaviors were also assessed at these time points. Multilevel mixed effects models were used to test for between-group differences. Data were analyzed in 2014. Significant between-group differences were observed in diet, but not in BMI z-score or screen time at 1-year follow-up. Diet differences favored the intervention arm over controls in overall diet quality (p=0.02) and in subcomponents of diet quality, as measured by the Healthy Eating Index-2005, and in fruit intake (servings/day, excludes juice) (p=0.02). Diet quality worsened more among controls than the intervention group at 1-year follow-up. The adaptation of Hip-Hop to Health Jr. produced modest benefits in diet quality but did not significantly impact weight gain trajectory. Not unlike other effectiveness trials, this real-world version delivered by Head Start teachers produced fewer benefits than the more rigorous efficacy trial. It is important to understand and build upon the lessons learned from these types of trials so that we can design, implement, and disseminate successful evidence-based programs more widely and effectively. This study is registered at NCT00241878. Copyright © 2016 American Journal of

  1. Long-term follow-up of patients with neuromyelitis optica after repeated therapy with rituximab. (United States)

    Pellkofer, H L; Krumbholz, M; Berthele, A; Hemmer, B; Gerdes, L A; Havla, J; Bittner, R; Canis, M; Meinl, E; Hohlfeld, R; Kuempfel, T


    Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is a severe autoimmune disease targeting optic nerves and spinal cord. The monoclonal anti-CD20 B-cell antibody rituximab is an emerging therapeutic option in NMO. However, neither long-term efficacy or safety of rituximab, nor the correlation between B-cell counts, B-cell fostering cytokines, aquaporin-4 antibodies (AQP4-ab), and disease activity in NMO, have been investigated prospectively. We performed a prospective long-term cohort study of 10 patients with NMO who were treated up to 5 times with rituximab as a second-line therapy. Clinical examinations, B-cell counts, and serum concentrations of BAFF (B-cell activating factor of the TNF family; also called TNFSF13b), APRIL (a proliferation-inducing ligand; also called TNFSF13), AQP4-ab, and immunoglobulin levels were measured every 3 months. Repeated treatment with rituximab led to sustained clinical stabilization in most patients with NMO. Disease activity correlated with B-cell depletion, but not clearly with AQP4-ab or levels of APRIL. BAFF levels increased after application of rituximab and indicated persisting efficacy of the drug but did not correlate with disease activity. Overall, rituximab was well-tolerated even after up to 5 consecutive treatment courses; however, we observed several severe adverse reactions. Our data indicate that long-term therapy with rituximab is effective in NMO as a second-line therapy and has an acceptable safety profile. Retreatment with rituximab should be applied before reappearance of circulating B cells. This study provides Class IV evidence that repeated doses of rituximab result in stabilization in most patients.

  2. The effectiveness of short- and long-term psychotherapy on personality functioning during a 5-year follow-up. (United States)

    Lindfors, Olavi; Knekt, Paul; Heinonen, Erkki; Härkänen, Tommi; Virtala, Esa


    Only few randomized trials comparing sustained effects of short- and long-term psychotherapies in personality functioning are available. In this study we compared the effects of two short-term therapies and long-term psychodynamic psychotherapy on patients' personality functioning during a 5-year follow-up. Altogether 326 patients of the Helsinki Psychotherapy Study, with anxiety or mood disorder, were randomly assigned to either short-term psychotherapy of about six months (solution-focused therapy (SFT, n=97) or short-term psychodynamic psychotherapy (SPP, n=101)), or to long-term psychodynamic psychotherapy (LPP, n=128), lasting on average three years. Outcomes in personality functioning (i.e., self-concept, defense style, interpersonal problems, and level of personality organization) were assessed five to seven times using, respectively, questionnaires (SASB, DSQ, IIP) and interview (LPO) during the 5-year follow-up from randomization. Personality functioning improved in all therapy groups. Both short-term therapies fared better than LPP during the first year of follow-up, by faster improvement in self-concept and decrease in immature defense style. SFT also showed more early reduction of interpersonal problems. However, LPP thereafter showed larger and more sustained benefits than SFT and SPP, through greater changes in self-concept. Additionally, LPP outperformed SFT at the end of the follow-up in IIP and LPO, after adjustment for auxiliary treatment. No differences were noted between the short-term therapies at any measurement point. Auxiliary treatment was used relatively widely which limits generalization to exclusive use of short- or long-term therapy. LPP seems to be somewhat more effective than short-term therapies in facilitating longterm changes in personality functioning. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  3. Determinants of urinary albumin excretion reduction in essential hypertension: A long-term follow-up study. (United States)

    Pascual, Jose Maria; Rodilla, Enrique; Miralles, Amparo; Gonzalez, Carmen; Redon, Josep


    The objective of the present study was to assess factors related to long-term changes in urinary albumin excretion (UAE) of nondiabetic microalbuminuric (n = 252) or proteinuric hypertensive individuals (n = 58) in a prospective follow-up. After enrollment, patients were placed on usual care including nonpharmacological treatment and/or treatment with an antihypertensive drug regime to achieve blood pressure 50% from the initial values, plus reduction of UAE to or = 90 mmHg achieved during the follow-up (hazard ratio, 0.57; 95% confidence interval, 0.38-0.86; P = 0.001), even when adjusted for age, gender, body mass index, fasting glucose, presence of treatment at the beginning of the study and treatment with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers during the follow-up. The reduction of urinary albumin excretion was linked to the preserved glomerular filtration rate and to adequate blood pressure control.

  4. Iliac vein compression syndrome: Outcome of endovascular treatment with long-term follow-up

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oguzkurt, Levent [Department of Radiology, Baskent University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara (Turkey)], E-mail:; Tercan, Fahri; Ozkan, Ugur [Department of Radiology, Baskent University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara (Turkey); Gulcan, Oner [Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Baskent University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara (Turkey)


    Objective: To retrospectively evaluate technical success and long-term outcome of endovascular treatment in patients with iliofemoral deep vein thrombosis (DVT) due to iliac vein compression syndrome (IVCS). Materials and methods: Between March 2003 and September 2006, 36 consecutive patients (26 women [72%], 10 men, mean age 50 {+-} 18 years) with acute or chronic iliofemoral deep vein thrombosis due to iliac vein compression syndrome were evaluated for outcome of endovascular treatment. Stent patency was estimated by using the Kaplan-Meier method. Results: Technical success was achieved in 34 of 36 patients (94%). Six patients with acute or subacute thrombosis had chronic occlusion of the left common iliac vein. Rethrombosis of the stents was observed in four patients. Primary and secondary patency rates were 85 and 94% at 1 year, and 80 and 82% at 4 years. Resolution of symptoms was achieved in 17 of 20 patients (85%) with acute and subacute DVT, and 4 of 16 patients (25%) with chronic DVT. Major complication was seen in one patient (3%). Conclusion: Intimal changes in the left common iliac vein are mostly chronic in nature even in patients with acute DVT secondary to IVCS. Endovascular treatment with stent placement has a high technical success rate and good long-term patency in the treatment of acute and chronic DVT due to IVCS. Symptomatic improvement seems to be better in patients with acute than chronic DVT due to IVCS.

  5. Chronic central serous chorioretinopathy: long-term follow-up and vision-related quality of life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Breukink MB


    Full Text Available Myrte B Breukink,1,* Alexander JM Dingemans,1,* Anneke I den Hollander,1,2 Jan EE Keunen,1 Robert E MacLaren,3,4 Sascha Fauser,5 Giuseppe Querques,6 Carel B Hoyng,1 Susan M Downes,3,4 Camiel JF Boon1,7 1Department of Ophthalmology, 2Department of Human Genetics, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; 3Oxford Eye Hospital, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust, 4Nuffield Laboratory of Ophthalmology and NIHR Biomedical Research Centre, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK; 5Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital of Cologne, Cologne, Germany; 6Department of Ophthalmology, University Paris Est Creteil, Centre Hospitalier Intercommunal de Creteil, Creteil, France; 7Department of Ophthalmology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, the Netherlands *These authors contributed equally to this work Purpose: To describe the clinical findings and long-term outcome of patients with chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (cCSC.Materials and methods: This was a retrospective case series in 52 eyes of 36 patients with a follow-up period of at least 1 year. Extensive ophthalmic examination and a validated questionnaire concerning vision-related quality of life (National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire [NEI-VFQ]-39 were analyzed.Results: Mean visual acuity showed a significant decline over time of 0.16 logarithm of minimum angle of resolution ([logMAR] range: -0.22 to 1.3; P=0.009 after a mean follow-up period of 10.6 years. Also, patients reported lower vision-related quality of life based on the NEI-VFQ-39 for almost all categories compared to healthy controls. Macular atrophy was diagnosed more often on optical coherence tomography compared to other diagnostic entities. Retinal pigment epithelium detachments in the macula were documented on optical coherence tomography in 56% of the patients. A significant thinning of foveal thickness was measured over time compared to

  6. Failure of internal thoracic artery grafts: conclusions from coronary angiography mid-term follow-up. (United States)

    Bezon, Eric; Choplain, Jean N; Maguid, Yasser A; Aziz, Ahmed A; Barra, Jean A


    The objective of this study was to identify causes of the failures of internal thoracic artery bypass grafts according to operative technique, the internal thoracic artery used, and the coronary artery grafted. This retrospective study concerns 302 follow-up angiographies performed in patients treated with 512 internal thoracic artery bypass grafts: 115 single grafts, 78 sequential grafts, and 109 grafts with two internal thoracic arteries (61 Y grafts). Postoperative angiography was performed after a mean period of 17.3 +/- 4.1 months. Failures consisted of 11 (2%) occluded grafts and 19 (4%) nonfunctioning grafts (threadlike internal thoracic artery). There was no difference in patency among the various types of left anterior descending artery bypass grafts anastomosed with the left internal thoracic artery. The failure rate was higher with the right internal thoracic artery (13%) than with the left internal thoracic artery (4%; p < 0.05). The failure rate of the left anterior descending artery bypass grafts (3%) was lower than that for the branches of circumflex artery bypass grafts (13%; p < 0.05). The 19 cases of nonfunctioning grafts did not include significant anastomotic stenosis: 14 were related to competitive blood flow, 4 to a poor recipient coronary arterial bed, and 1 to significant distal coronary stenosis. At least two thirds of failures of bypass grafts could have been avoided by more objective analysis of the coronary stenosis on preoperative coronary angiography and better mastery of the surgical technique.

  7. Long-term follow-up of severely symptomatic women with adenomyoma treated with combination therapy

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    Wei-Min Liu


    Conclusion: Combination therapy for adenomyoma provides an effective treatment option for long-term symptom control and uterine preservation in severely symptomatic women for whom previous long-term drug therapy has failed or proven to be intolerable.

  8. The Survivorship and Clinical Results of Minimally Invasive Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty at 10-Year Follow-up. (United States)

    Kim, Kyung Tae; Lee, Song; Kim, Jee Hyoung; Hong, Sung Won; Jung, Woo Shik; Shin, Won Shik


    In this study, we investigated the long-term clinical results and survival rate of minimally invasive unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) by collecting cases that had been implanted more than 10 years ago. One hundred and twenty-eight patients (166 cases) who underwent Oxford phase 3 medial UKA using the minimally invasive surgery from January 2002 to December 2002 were selected. The mean age of the patients at the time of surgery was 61 years, and the duration of the follow-up was minimum 10 years. Clinical and radiographic assessments were performed using the Knee Society clinical rating system, and the survival analysis was done by the Kaplan-Meier method with 95% confidence interval (CI). The mean Knee Society knee and function scores improved significantly from 53.8 points (range, 25 to 70 points) and 56.1 points (range, 35 to 80 points) preoperatively to 85.4 points (range, 58 to 100 points) and 80.5 points (range, 50 to 100 points) at 10-year follow-up, respectively (p invasive UKA. Therefore, minimally invasive UKA could be a useful method in the treatment of osteoarthritis in one compartment of knee joint.

  9. TVT versus laparoscopic mesh colposuspension: 5-year follow-up results of a randomized clinical trial. (United States)

    Valpas, A; Ala-Nissilä, S; Tomas, E; Nilsson, C G


    Before the introduction of the tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) procedure for the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence, the colposuspension operation was regarded as the "gold standard" procedure. The laparoscopic variant of the colposuspension was introduced as a less invasive operation. The aim of the present trial was to compare the new minimally invasive TVT procedure with laparoscopic mesh colposuspension (LCM). A multicenter randomized clinical trial conducted in six public hospitals in Finland including primary cases of stress incontinence. Objective treatment success criteria were a negative stress test and no retreatment for stress incontinence. Patient satisfaction was assessed by Patients Global Impression of Improvement, a visual analog scale, and the Urinary Incontinence Severity Score. Of 128 randomized patients, 121 underwent the allocated operation. At the 5-year follow-up 77 % in the TVT group and 84 % in the LCM group could be assessed according to the protocol. The objective cure rate was significantly higher in the TVT group (94 %) than in the LCM group (78 %). Subjective treatment satisfaction (completely satisfied with the procedure) was significantly higher in the TVT group (64 %) than in the LCM group (51 %). By per protocol analysis both objective and subjective cure rates were significantly higher in the TVT group than in the LCM group. If cases that were lost to follow-up were regarded as failures, the intension-to-treat analysis found no difference between the groups.

  10. Long-Term Nationwide Follow-Up Study of Simple Congenital Heart Disease Diagnosed in Otherwise Healthy Children. (United States)

    Videbæk, Jørgen; Laursen, Henning Bækgaard; Olsen, Morten; Høfsten, Dan Eik; Johnsen, Søren Paaske


    Systematic follow-up is currently not recommended for patients with simple congenital heart disease; however, only a few data exist on the long-term prognosis of simple congenital heart disease. We undertook a nationwide follow-up study of a cohort of 1241 simple congenital heart disease patients, diagnosed from 1963 through 1973, in otherwise healthy children and alive at 15 years of age. We identified 10 age- and sex-matched general population controls per patient. We followed the study population through Danish public registries from the age of 15 years up to January 1, 2013 with respect to mortality, cause of death, morbidity, and medical follow-up. The patients were followed for a total of 58 422 patient-years and had a median age at the end of follow-up of 47.4 years (interquartile range, 43.5-50.9). Mortality was increased compared with the general population, both overall (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR],1.9; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.5-2.4)] and for patients (79%) without medical follow-up (aHR, 1.7; 95% CI, 1.3-2.2). The most common cause of death (40%) was sudden unexpected death (aHR, 4.3; 95% CI, 2.9-6.5). The incidence of critical cardiac morbidity was 3.9 per 1000 patient-years with the most frequent events being an adult (re)operation and hospitalization for heart failure or ventricular tachyarrhythmia. This corresponded to an aHR of 5.7 (95% CI, 4.6-6.9) when compared with the general population. Patients diagnosed with simple congenital heart disease in the 1960s have substantially increased long-term mortality and cardiac morbidity compared with the general population. Further studies on the effectiveness of systematic medical follow-up programs appear warranted. © 2015 American Heart Association, Inc.

  11. Laser CO2 vaporization for high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia: a long-term follow-up series. (United States)

    Fallani, Maria Grazia; Penna, Carlo; Fambrini, Massimiliano; Marchionni, Mauro


    The goal of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of laser CO(2) vaporization for conservative treatment of ectocervical high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) particularly by the evaluation of the reappearance risk of disease in long-term follow-up. One hundred fifty-nine patients were submitted to CO(2) laser vaporization for high-grade CIN and followed up for a minimum of 5 years. Selection of cases, depth of ablation, complications, and cure rate (percentage of treated patients in whom there was no recurrent/persistent high-grade CIN at the 5-year follow-up examination) were retrospectively evaluated. Selected cases for colposcopy were submitted to a 6-mm mean depth of vaporization without intra- or postoperative complications. The cure rate for a single treatment was 97.5% and a satisfactory colposcopic follow-up was possible in 99.4% of treated patients. No case of invasive carcinoma occurred after a mean follow-up of 7.1 years. Four cases (2.5%) were high-grade CIN persistence observed after a mean time of 3.75 months, suggesting incomplete destruction of the deepest part of the lesion involving the glandular crypt base. Long-term follow-up proves that laser CO(2) vaporization still has a place in the treatment of CIN. In selected cases it represents a safe alternative for conization in the treatment of high-grade CIN, but colposcopic expertise is essential for adequate preoperative selection of cases.

  12. Primary care providers as partners in long-term follow-up of pediatric cancer survivors. (United States)

    Meacham, Lillian R; Edwards, Paula J; Cherven, Brooke O; Palgon, Michael; Espinoza, Sofia; Hassen-Schilling, Leann; Mertens, Ann C


    To develop a model of shared healthcare delivery that includes primary care providers (PCP) and ensures best practice in follow-up of pediatric cancer survivors. Structured interviews with healthcare professionals (HCPs) were used to ascertain familiarity and confidence in providing care to survivors. Partnerships were made with HCP societies, and survivor care lectures were given at HCP meetings. HCP's preferences for ongoing continuing education (CE) opportunities were ascertained. Cancer SurvivorLink(TM), a web-based tool, was developed to allow patients to securely store their healthcare documents and share them electronically with registered HCPs. Educational material developed for Cancer SurvivorLink(TM) includes CE modules and QuickFacts--concise summaries of late effects. Website utilization was monitored utilizing Google Analytics. HCPs described moderate to very low familiarity with survivor care, but high interest in online CE learning. Thirty-one lectures were given to HCP groups to increase awareness. Preferred types of ongoing CE were: lectures, online text, and video modules. CE material was developed based on feedback from HCPs and website utilizations and includes 19 QuickFacts and 5 CE modules. During the first year, the website had 471 unique visitors and 1,129 total visits. QuickFacts received 345 views with Neurocognitive, Survivor Care 101, and Endocrine being most visited, and 49 CME modules have been completed. PCPs are interested in partnering in models of shared care for pediatric cancer survivors. Effective educational initiatives include lectures within HCP's professional education constructs and web-based CE opportunities. PCP involvement in survivor care alleviates some barriers to care such as geographic distance to the the cancer center and ensures that more pediatric cancer survivors receive recommended coordinated surveillance for late effects of cancer therapy.

  13. Long-Term Follow-Up of Transgender Women After Secondary Intestinal Vaginoplasty

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sluis, W.B. van der; Bouman, M.B.; Boer, N.K. de; Buncamper, M.E.; Bodegraven, A.A. van; Neefjes-Borst, E.A.; Kreukels, B.P.; Meijerink, W.J.H.J.; Mullender, M.G.


    INTRODUCTION: Intestinal vaginoplasty with a sigmoid colon or ileal segment is an established surgical technique for vaginal reconstruction. Little has been reported on long-term (functional) outcome and postoperative quality of life. AIMS: To assess the surgical and long-term psychological outcomes

  14. Long-term follow-up of renal transplantation in children: a Dutch cohort study.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Groothoff, J.W.; Cransberg, K.; Offringa, M.; Kar, N.C.A.J. van de; Lilien, M.R.; Davin, J.C.; Heymans, H.S.


    BACKGROUND: Few data exist on long-term morbidity, overall survival, and graft survival of pediatric renal transplantation. METHODS: The authors performed a long-term cohort study in all Dutch patients, born before 1979, with onset of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) between 1972 and 1992 at age 0 to

  15. Long-term follow-up of renal transplantation in children: A Dutch cohort study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Groothoff, Jaap W.; Cransberg, Karlien; Offringa, Martin; van de Kar, Nicole J.; Lilien, Marc R.; Davin, Jean Claude; Heymans, Hugo S. A.


    Background. Few data exist on long-term morbidity, overall survival, and graft survival of pediatric renal transplantation. Methods. The authors performed a long-term cohort study in all Dutch patients, born before 1979, with onset of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) between 1972 and 1992 at age 0 to

  16. Long-term follow-up and treatment of congenital alveolar proteinosis

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    Muensterer Oliver J


    Full Text Available Abstract Background Clinical presentation, diagnosis, management and outcome of molecularly defined congenital pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP due to mutations in the GM-CSF receptor are not well known. Case presentation A 2 1/2 years old girl was diagnosed as having alveolar proteinosis. Whole lung lavages were performed with a new catheter balloon technique, feasible in small sized airways. Because of some interstitial inflammation in the lung biopsy and to further improve the condition, empirical therapy with systemic steroids and azathioprin, and inhaled and subcutaneous GMCSF, were used. Based on clinical measures, total protein and lipid recovered by whole lung lavages, all these treatments were without benefit. Conversely, severe respiratory viral infections and an invasive aspergillosis with aspergilloma formation occurred. Recently the novel homozygous stop mutation p.Ser25X of the GMCSF receptor alpha chain was identified in the patient. This mutation leads to a lack of functional GMCSF receptor and a reduced response to GMCSF stimulation of CD11b expression of mononuclear cells of the patient. Subsequently a very intense treatment with monthly lavages was initiated, resulting for the first time in complete resolution of partial respiratory insufficiency and a significant improvement of the overall somato-psychosocial condition of the child. Conclusions The long term management from early childhood into young adolescence of severe alveolar proteinosis due to GMCSF receptor deficiency requires a dedicated specialized team to perform technically demanding whole lung lavages and cope with complications.

  17. Long-term follow-up study on deep brain stimulation for post-traumatic dystonia

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    Chang LIU


    Full Text Available Background Deep brain stimulation (DBS offers a very promising therapy for medically intractable dystonia. Among different dystonia subtypes, the surgical outcome of primary dystonia is most convincing, while that of post-traumatic dystonia is uncertain. This paper aims to evaluate the effect of DBS on post-traumatic dystonia. Methods Four patients of post-traumatic dystonia treated with DBS on globus pallidus internus (GPi or subthalamic nucleus (STN were reviewed and their surgical effect was evaluated. Outcome assessments were based on Burke-Fahn-Marsden Dystonia Rating Scale (BFMDRS movement and disability scores preoperatively and one month, 6 months, one year and 2 years after surgery. Improvement rate was counted to evaluate the curative effect. Results BFMDRS movement scores were improved by 38.35%, 47.28%, 62.74% and 68.69% respectively, and disability scores were improved by 35.36% , 46.83% , 59.60% and 67.01% respectively. Imaging features of these patients were reviewed. Although the location and size of encephalomalacia differed among these patients, the anatomical features of basal ganglia remained intact. Conclusions With strict selection, DBS may be a promising treatment to ameliorate the symptoms of post-traumatic dystonia. The surgical effect may be sustainable in long term. Anatomical integrity of basal ganglia may be an important factor to predict good outcome. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-6731.2015.10.006

  18. Neonatal hypertension – a long-term pilot follow-up study

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    Chaudhari T


    Full Text Available Tejasvi Chaudhari,1 Michael C Falk,2,3 Rajeev Jyoti,2,4 Susan Arney,5 Wendy Burton,5 Alison L Kent1,2 1Department of Neonatology, Canberra Hospital, Woden, ACT, Australia; 2Australian National University Medical School, Canberra, ACT, Australia; 3Department of Nephrology, 4Medical Imaging Department, 5Centre for Newborn Care, Canberra Hospital, Woden, ACT, Australia Background: Neonatal hypertension occurs in up to 3% of neonates, more commonly in those admitted to neonatal intensive care. The aims of this study were to review renal function and renal volumes in children who had a history of neonatal hypertension. Methods: Children with a history of neonatal hypertension from January 2001 to December 2008 were included in the study during 2011. Blood pressure, weight, height, and body mass index were recorded. Renal ultrasound with 3D volume, urine for electrolytes, albumin, ß2 microglobulin, and blood for electrolytes, urea, creatinine, calcium, phosphate, renin, and aldosterone were collected depending on parental consent. Results: Of the 41 neonates with neonatal hypertension, eleven (27% were included in the study (six died; 24 moved interstate or declined involvement. One child (9% was still on antihypertensive medication and one was found to be hypertensive on review. This child had small volume kidneys and albuminuria. Three out of nine renal volume measurements were low (33% and two out of eleven had renal scarring (18%. The six available renin/aldosterone results were normal. Conclusion: This study suggests there are long-term renal and blood pressure implications for neonates with hypertension and ongoing surveillance of blood pressure and renal function should be performed throughout childhood and into early adulthood. Keywords: neonate, hypertension, renal ultrasound, 3D

  19. Proteinuria during Follow-Up Period and Long-Term Renal Survival of Childhood IgA Nephropathy. (United States)

    Kamei, Koichi; Harada, Ryoko; Hamada, Riku; Sakai, Tomoyuki; Hamasaki, Yuko; Hataya, Hiroshi; Ito, Shuichi; Ishikura, Kenji; Honda, Masataka


    Proteinuria is the most important risk factor for IgA nephropathy progression. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the long-term outcome and risk factors for poor prognosis in childhood IgA nephropathy. Patients who were diagnosed with IgA nephropathy between 1972 and 1992 at the Tokyo Metropolitan Kiyose Children's Hospital were included. We analyzed risk factors for progression to end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) and chronic renal insufficiency (CRI) using Kaplan-Meier method and multivariate analyses of Cox proportional hazard model. One hundred patients were included and the median observation period was 11.8 years. Twelve and 17 patients progressed to ESKD and CRI, respectively. The survival probabilities were 90.0% at 10 years and 79.8% at 20 years for ESKD, and 86.1% at 10 years and 72.3% at 20 years for CRI. Notably, patients with heavy proteinuria with hypoalbuminemia during follow-up period showed extremely poor prognosis. In this group, the survival rate at 10 years from ESKD and CRI was 40.6% and 20.8%, respectively. By multivariate analysis, proteinuria at diagnosis and proteinuria during follow-up period were risk factors for ESKD, whereas glomeruli showing mesangial proliferation ≥50% and proteinuria during follow-up period were risk factors for CRI. Patients without heavy proteinuria during follow-up period did not develop CRI and 63% of patients with mild proteinuria during follow-up period showed no proteinuria at the last observation. The degree of proteinuria during follow-up period is the strongest risk factor for ESKD and CRI.

  20. Focal vitiligo: long-term follow-up of 52 cases. (United States)

    Lommerts, J E; Schilder, Y; de Rie, M A; Wolkerstorfer, A; Bekkenk, M W


    Focal vitiligo is characterized by depigmented patches located in a small area without a typical segmental distribution. Focal vitiligo is classified as an undetermined type of vitiligo, and a more definitive diagnosis can be made when the lesions have not evolved into non-segmental or segmental vitiligo after a period of 1-2 years. However, the chance of progression is not known and may lead to treatment-indecision. The objective was to study the characteristics of patients with focal vitiligo and possible predictors of progression. We conducted a survey study in patients with initial diagnosis of focal vitiligo between January 2005 and June 2010. Focal vitiligo was defined as either a small acquired isolated depigmented lesion without typical segmental distribution, or two to three small acquired lesions localized in a non-segmental area with a maximum of 5 cm. The survey comprised of 21 questions concerning the patient's characteristics, the onset of focal vitiligo, progression of depigmentation and treatment history. We identified 128 eligible patients and the response rate was 40.6% (n = 52 completed questionnaires). Progression to non-segmental vitiligo occurred in 23%. The median follow-up duration was 7 years. In 11.5% of the patients, progression to non-segmental vitiligo occurred within 2 years after onset. Nevertheless, even after a first stable period of more than 2 years, another 11.5% of the patients advanced to non-segmental vitiligo. No associated prognostic factors at baseline of progression to non-segmental or long-lasting focal vitiligo were found. Focal vitiligo is a rare subtype of vitiligo and most patients have long-lasting focal lesions after onset of the disease. In this study, focal vitiligo progressed to typical non-segmental vitiligo, but not towards typical segmental vitiligo. Progression 2 years after onset of focal vitiligo, occurs in 50% of the patients with eventual progression to non-segmental vitiligo. There seem to be no clinical

  1. Prospective randomized trial of transthoracic versus low-energy internal cardioversion in persistent atrial fibrillation: long term follow-up. (United States)

    Ozdemir, Murat; Türkoglu, Sedat; Kaya, Mehmet Güngör; Cengel, Atiye


    Low energy internal cardioversion (ICV) is a relatively new method. This report describes the long-term follow-up results of a prospective randomized comparison of low energy ICV and transthoracic cardioversion (TT CV) in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation (AF). Fifty-two patients (mean age, 60.6 +/- 10.1 years, 23 males) with persistent AF were randomly assigned to either TT (n = 26) or ICV (n = 26). The baseline characteristics of the 2 groups were similar. Transthoracic CV was performed under sedation with hand-held electrodes in the apex-anterior position and high energy (100-360 J) monophasic shocks. ICV was performed by a dedicated balloon-directed catheter utilizing truncated, biphasic shocks of low energy (1-15 J). Sinus rhythm (SR) was restored in 24/26 (92%) patients in the ICV group and in 22/26 (85%) patients in the TT CV group (P > 0.05). Immediate recurrence of AF (IRAF), defined as reappearance of AF within 2 minutes of successful CV, occurred in 5 patients (21%) in the ICV group and in 1 patient (4.5%) in the TT group (P > 0.05). Successfully cardioverted patients in whom no IRAF occurred were followed-up for 18 months under both warfarin and Class 1 or 3 antiarrhythmic drugs, as guided by the current ACC/AHA/ESC Guidelines. The rate of SR at 1, 3, 6, 12, and 18 months of follow-up was not significantly different between the 2 groups, and in an intention-to-treat analysis at 18 months, SR was present in 6 patients (23%) in the ICV group and in 10 patients (38%) in the TT group (P > 0.05). The majority of AF recurrences occurred within a month of successful CV in both groups (8/12 [67%] in the TT group and 15/18 [83%] in the ICV group, P > 0.05). The mortality, thromboembolic, and bleeding complication rates were similar in the 2 groups. In this prospective randomized comparison of TT and low energy ICV in patients with persistent AF, the 18-month rates of SR and major adverse clinical events were found to be similar.

  2. Long-term follow-up of laparoscopic total extraperitoneal (TEP) repair in inguinal hernia without mesh fixation. (United States)

    Golani, S; Middleton, P


    From the current evidence, non-fixation of the mesh (NMF) in laparoscopic total extraperitoneal (TEP) repair appears to be a safe alternative for inguinal hernia patients in the short term. This study aims to demonstrate that NMF is as effective in the long term by following up a large number of patients with a mean follow-up of 6 years. The primary outcomes are chronic pain and recurrence rate. A thorough review of medical records was conducted from a prospectively maintained database of 538 patients who underwent a laparoscopic TEP inguinal hernia repair by a single surgeon working in Sydney from the year 2005 to 2010. Patient demographics, perioperative outcomes, and postoperative complications were extracted from this database. All these patients were then interviewed using a modified questionnaire based on Franneby et al. [10]. 538 patients had TEP repair between 2005 and 2010. Out of this 11 were excluded as tacks were used for fixation of mesh. Out of the 649 repairs done on 527 patients during this period, 463 hernia repairs in 387 patients could be followed up with a mean follow-up of 6 years and 4 months. The mean age of patients was 63 years. Overall, there were seven (1.5%) recurrences, and the incidence of chronic pain was 1%, however 2.9% patients in total complained of pain. This is the only study in literature having a long-term follow-up of more than 5 years for the patients having inguinal hernia repair by TEP technique without mesh fixation. It demonstrates that fixation of mesh with tacks or glue is unnecessary for TEP repair of inguinal hernia.

  3. Development of pancreatic cancers during long-term follow-up of side-branch intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms. (United States)

    Sawai, Y; Yamao, K; Bhatia, V; Chiba, T; Mizuno, N; Sawaki, A; Takahashi, K; Tajika, M; Shimizu, Y; Yatabe, Y; Yanagisawa, A


    Side-branch intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (SB-IPMNs), and associated synchronous and metachronous pancreatic cancers are increasingly detected as imaging modalities become more sensitive. We investigated the natural history of SB-IPMN, and the incidence and characteristics of pancreatic cancers among patients undergoing long-term follow-up. We reviewed the clinical, imaging, and pathological features in 103 patients, diagnosed at the Aichi Cancer Center between September 1988 and September 2006 as having SB-IPMN, and conservatively followed up for ≥ 2 years (median 59 months) based on an endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) database. 74 (71.8 %) patients had nonprogressive lesions. Overall, six patients (5.8 %) developed pancreatic cancers during follow-up, with intraductal papillary mucinous (IPM) carcinoma in four, and ductal carcinoma of pancreas that was not IPMN in two patients. Of the six pancreatic cancers, five were diagnosed at a resectable stage. The 5-year and 10-year actuarial rates of development of pancreatic cancer were 2.4 % and 20.0 %, respectively. Although, at the last follow-up, cyst size, main pancreatic duct (MPD) diameter, mural nodule size, and frequency of metachronous and/or synchronous cancers of other organs were significantly higher in patients who developed IPM carcinoma, resected SB-IPMNs without mural nodules and dilated MPDs had no IPM carcinomas. The frequency of pancreatic cancers is high on long-term follow-up of SB-IPMN. Although conservative management is appropriate for selected patients, regular and long-term imaging, especially by EUS is essential, even if SB-IPMN remains unchanged for 2 years. Presence of mural nodule and dilated MPD seem to be more appropriate indicators for resection than cyst size alone for SB-IPMNs. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  4. Quality of life and functionality after total hip arthroplasty: a long-term follow-up study

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    Recano Pasquale


    Full Text Available Abstract Background There is a lack of data on the long-term outcome of total hip arthroplasty procedures, as assessed by validated tools. Methods We conducted a follow-up study to evaluate the quality of life and functionality of 250 patients an average of 16 years (range: 11-23 years after total hip arthroplasty using a validated assessment set including the SF-36 questionnaire, Harris Hip Score, WOMAC score, Functional Comorbidity Index, and a study specific questionnaire. Models of multiple stepwise linear and logistic regression analysis were constructed to evaluate the relationships between several explanatory variables and these functional outcomes. Results The SF-36 physical indexes of these patients compared negatively with the normative values but positively with the results obtained in untreated subjects with severe hip osteoarthritis. Similar results were detected for the Harris Hip Score and WOMAC score. There was a 96% rate of post-surgical satisfaction. Hip functionality and comorbidities were the most important determinants of physical measures on the SF-36. Conclusions Patients who had undergone total hip arthroplasty have impaired long-term self-reported physical quality of life and hip functionality but they still perform physically better than untreated patients with advanced hip osteoarthritis. However, the level of post-surgical satisfaction is high.

  5. Parent training in foster families with children with behavior problems : Follow-up results from a randomized controlled trial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Maaskant, A.M.; van Rooij, F.B.; Overbeek, G.J.; Oort, F.J.; Hermanns, J.M.A.


    The present randomized controlled trial examined the four months follow-up effectiveness of Parent Management Training Oregon (PMTO) for parents with foster children (aged 4–12) with severe externalizing behavior problems in long-term foster care arrangements. The aim of PMTO, a relative long and

  6. Fluorescence-guided laser therapy for penile carcinoma and precancerous lesions: long-term follow-up. (United States)

    Schlenker, Boris; Gratzke, Christian; Seitz, Michael; Bader, Markus J; Reich, Oliver; Schneede, Peter; Hungerhuber, Edwin; Stief, Christian G; Tilki, Derya


    Laser therapy for penile carcinoma is commonly used despite high recurrence rates of up to 48%. The aim of our study was to investigate the long-term recurrence rate of patients treated by fluorescence-guided laser therapy for penile carcinoma and its impact on oncologic outcome. Between 1999 and 2005, a total of 26 patients with premalignant carcinoma in situ (Tis) (n = 11) or invasive penile carcinoma (n = 15) were treated by fluorescence-guided laser therapy in our center. The mean follow-up was 71.1 months (range 41-104 months). Recurrence rate, time to recurrence, and impact on survival was investigated for Tis patients and penile carcinoma patients separately. No patient died tumor-associated recurrence during follow-up. No local progression of T stage was observed in patients with Tis tumor. In the group with invasive penile cancer, there were 4 (15.4%) local recurrences. However, 3 of them occurred after more than 3 years and, therefore, are more likely to be considered as "de novo" carcinoma. No intra- or perioperative side effects of photodynamic diagnosis (PDD) were observed. Local recurrence rate of laser therapy can be reduced by fluorescence guidance without impairing cosmetic or functional results. The necessary equipment is available in many centers that perform PDD for urothelial bladder cancer. PDD, therefore, can be considered to be cost-effective and easy to perform. Prospective multi-center studies to directly compare recurrence rates between white light and fluorescence-guided laser therapy for penile carcinoma are required. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Long-term follow-up study on the safety of deep brain stimulation for treating Parkinson's disease

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    Xi WU


    Full Text Available Objective To evaluate the safety of deep brain stimulation (DBS for treating Parkinson's disease (PD under long-term follow-up and modify the surgical procedure. Methods A total of 362 PD patients underwent DBS, and almost 613 electrodes were implanted into these patients. Both surgical and hardware-related complications of DBS were retrospectively analyzed. Results Perioperative complications included postoperative confusion or delirium in 21 cases (5.80%, intracranial hemorrhage in 4 cases (1.10%; 2 asymptomatic cortical microhemorrhage and 2 basal ganglia trajectory microhemorrhage, generalized tonic-clonic seizures (GTCS in 2 cases (0.55% , urinary tract infection in 4 cases (1.10% , pulmonary infection in 7 cases (1.93%, implantable pulse generator (IPG hematoma in 11 cases (3.04%, IPG seroma in 3 cases (0.83%. All these patients were cured. They were followed-up for 12-146 months (median 34 months. Hardware-related complications included infection of incisional wound and/or skin erosion (9 cases, 2.49% , extension wire fracture caused by IPG displacement (one case, 0.28% , IPG shifting to abdomen due to fixation wire fracture (one case, 0.28%, slightly migrated electrode due to fall (one case, 0.28%, and discomfort about occipital incision (one case, 0.28%. Conclusions The overall risk of both surgical and hardware-related adverse events of DBS for treating PD is acceptably low. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-6731.2015.10.005

  8. Long-term follow-up of patients after acute kidney injury: patterns of renal functional recovery.

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    Etienne Macedo

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Patients who survive acute kidney injury (AKI, especially those with partial renal recovery, present a higher long-term mortality risk. However, there is no consensus on the best time to assess renal function after an episode of acute kidney injury or agreement on the definition of renal recovery. In addition, only limited data regarding predictors of recovery are available. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: From 1984 to 2009, 84 adult survivors of acute kidney injury were followed by the same nephrologist (RCRMA for a median time of 4.1 years. Patients were seen at least once each year after discharge until end stage renal disease (ESRD or death. In each consultation serum creatinine was measured and glomerular filtration rate estimated. Renal recovery was defined as a glomerular filtration rate value ≥60 mL/min/1.73 m2. A multiple logistic regression was performed to evaluate factors independently associated with renal recovery. RESULTS: The median length of follow-up was 50 months (30-90 months. All patients had stabilized their glomerular filtration rates by 18 months and 83% of them stabilized earlier: up to 12 months. Renal recovery occurred in 16 patients (19% at discharge and in 54 (64% by 18 months. Six patients died and four patients progressed to ESRD during the follow up period. Age (OR 1.09, p<0.0001 and serum creatinine at hospital discharge (OR 2.48, p = 0.007 were independent factors associated with non renal recovery. The acute kidney injury severity, evaluated by peak serum creatinine and need for dialysis, was not associated with non renal recovery. CONCLUSIONS: Renal recovery must be evaluated no earlier than one year after an acute kidney injury episode. Nephrology referral should be considered mainly for older patients and those with elevated serum creatinine at hospital discharge.

  9. Recurrent optic neuritis: clues from a long-term follow up study of recurrent and bilateral optic neuritis patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asli Kurne


    Full Text Available Asli Kurne1, Rana Karabudak1, Gul Yalcin-Cakmakli1, Yasemin Gursoy-Ozdemir1, Pinar Aydin3, Ayse Ilksen-Colpak1, Sevda Lule2, Tulay Kansu11Department of Neurology, 2Institute of Neurological Sciences and Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey; 3Special Eye Clinic, Ankara, TurkeyBackground and aim: Optic neuritis (ON can be recurrent, with unilateral or bilateral presentation. Diagnosis of recurrent cases may be challenging. In this study long-term follow-up of recurrent and/or bilateral ON patients is reported in an effort to guide differential diagnosis and treatment.Methods: The study included 474 optic neuropathy patients. Of these, 70 patients with recurrent unilateral or bilateral, and nonrecurrent bilateral ON were assessed. The characteristics of each ON attack, laboratory and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI findings, associated diseases and response to treatment were noted for each patient. Most of the patients were reevaluated in the outpatient clinic. Seven patients were investigated for neuromyelitis optica (NMO-immunoglobulin G (IgG seropositivity.Results: Forty-seven patients had recurrent unilateral ON and 23 had bilateral ON. Mean follow-up was 7.55 years. Final diagnoses for recurrent unilateral group were multiple sclerosis (MS (n = 29, chronic relapsing inflammatory optic neuritis (CRION (n = 11, NMO (n = 4, or autoimmune thyroid disease (n = 3; and for bilateral ON group, MS (n = 4, vasculitis (n = 13, postinfectious ON (n = 4, and sarcoidosis (n = 2. Three patients were positive for NMO antibodies.Conclusion: Based on the data collected, we conclude when recurrent ON causes moderate to severe visual loss in the absence of cranial MRI findings typical of MS, other diagnoses should be considered, including NMO.Keywords: optic neuritis, recurrent, bilateral, multiple sclerosis, neuromyelitis optica

  10. The Irish epilepsy surgery experience: Long-term follow-up.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Dunlea, Orla


    To assess the long-term seizure outcome of Irish patients who underwent resective surgery for refractory epilepsy since 1975. We also wished to determine the impact of pathology and surgical technique (with particular reference to neocorticectomy) on seizure outcome.

  11. Analysis of the quality of care in surgical treatment of colorectal cancer: national study. Follow-up results. (United States)

    Rodriguez-Cuellar, Elias; Nevado García, Cristina; Casanova Duran, Virginia; Romero Simó, Manuel; Duran Poveda, Manuel; Ruiz Lopez, Pedro


    Using the cases included in the Study on the quality of care in colorectal cancer conducted by the Spanish Association of Surgeons in 2008, we present follow-up data. Multicenter, descriptive, longitudinal and prospective study of patients operated on a scheduled basis of colorectal cancer. 35 hospitals have contributed data on 334 patients. Follow-up data: survival, recurrence and complications. Mean follow-up was 28.61±11.32 months. Follow-up by surgeon: 69.2%, tumor recurrence 23.6%, in 83.3% it was systemic; 28.2% underwent salvage surgery. Overall survival was 76.6%, disease-free survival 65.6% (26.49±11.90 months). Tumor related mortality was 12,6%. Percentage of ventral hernias was 5.8%, intestinal obstruction 3.5%. Quality and results of follow-up of patients operated on for CRC in Spain are similar to those reported in the Scientific literature. Areas for improvement: follow-up, earlier diagnosis, increase adjuvant and neoadjuvant treatments and total mesorectal excision as standard surgery for rectal cancer. Copyright © 2013 AEC. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  12. Long Term Follow-up of Ventilated Patients with Thoracic Restriction and Neuromuscular Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dina Brooks


    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long term effects of home mechanical ventilation (HMV on pulmonary function, nighttime gas exchange, daytime arterial blood gases, sleep architecture and functional exercise capacity (6 min walk. Patients with respiratory failure attributable to thoracic restrictive disease (TRD (kyphoscoliosis or neuromuscular disease (NMD were assessed, ventilated, trained and followed in a dedicated unit for the care of patients requiring long term ventilation.

  13. Long-Term Serological Follow-Up of Acute Q-Fever Patients after a Large Epidemic.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cornelia C H Wielders

    Full Text Available Serological follow-up of acute Q-fever patients is important for detection of chronic infection but there is no consensus on its frequency and duration. The 2007-2009 Q-fever epidemic in the Netherlands allowed for long-term follow-up of a large cohort of acute Q-fever patients. The aim of this study was to validate the current follow-up strategy targeted to identify patients with chronic Q-fever.A cohort of adult acute Q-fever patients, diagnosed between 2007 and 2009, for whom a twelve-month follow-up sample was available, was invited to complete a questionnaire and provide a blood sample, four years after the acute episode. Antibody profiles, determined by immunofluorescence assay in serum, were investigated with a special focus on high titres of IgG antibodies against phase I of Coxiella burnetii, as these are considered indicative for possible chronic Q-fever.Of the invited 1,907 patients fulfilling inclusion criteria, 1,289 (67.6% were included in the analysis. At any time during the four-year follow-up period, 58 (4.5% patients were classified as possible, probable, or proven chronic Q-fever according to the Dutch Q-fever Consensus Group criteria (which uses IgG phase I ≥1:1,024 to as serologic criterion for chronic Q-fever. Fifty-two (89.7% of these were identified within the first year after the acute episode. Of the six patients that were detected for the first time at four-year follow-up, five had an IgG phase I titre of 1:512 at twelve months.A twelve-month follow-up check after acute Q-fever is recommended as it adequately detects chronic Q-fever in patients without known risk factors. Additional serological and clinical follow-up is recommended for patients with IgG phase I ≥1:512, as they showed the highest risk to progress to chronic Q-fever.

  14. Long-term treatment of nocturnal enuresis with desmopressin. A follow-up study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, U B; Rittig, Søren; Nørgaard, J P


    Eight patients with monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (age 11-24 years) were investigated prior to and after 24 weeks of desmopressin treatment in order to evaluate the impact on the endogenous vasopressin secretion and urinary output. No effect on plasma vasopressin, diurnal urinary volume......, and urinary osmolality were found after this long-term treatment. Overall no changes in either body weight, blood pressure, or hematological variables were demonstrated. This supports previous findings that the treatment appears to be well tolerated and free of side effects in longer term....

  15. [Clinical safety and efficacy of single-chamber atrial pacing in sick sinus syndrome: long-term follow-up]. (United States)

    Moríñigo, Jose L; Arribas, Antonio; Ledesma, Claudio; Sánchez, Pedro L; Martín, Francisco; Martín Luengo, Cándido


    Although atrial pacing is a more physiological mode of stimulation in sinus node dysfunction, the pacing modes most often are used DDD and VVI. The aim of our study was to demonstrate that AAI/AAIR pacing is effective and safe by analyzing the complications and mortality of this pacing mode in a long-term follow-up study. Between 1982 and 2000 definitive AAI-mode pacemakers were implanted for sinus node dysfunction in mode AAI in 160 patients. We analyzed the clinical characteristics, evolution, and complications of the AAI pacing mode during a follow-up of 5.4 4.5 years. The sample was made up of 104 women and 56 men with an average age of 72 12 years. During follow-up, it was necessary to change the pacing mode for symptomatic bradycardia in 11 patients (annual incidence 1.2%), which was caused by second or third-degree atrioventricular block in 7 patients (annual incidence 0.8%), and chronic atrial fibrillation with bradycardia in 4 patients (annual incidence 0.4%). During follow-up, atrial arrhythmias occurred in 32 patients (annual incidence 3.7%), stroke in 4 patients (annual incidence 0.4%), and 27 patients (annual incidence 3.1%) died. The AAI/AAIR pacing mode was safe and effective in sinus node dysfunction, with a low percentage of pacing changes required for progression to atrioventricular block, low incidence of atrial arrhythmias, stroke and low mortality during long term follow-up.

  16. Short-term follow-up of chagasic patients after benznidazole treatment using multiple serological markers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernández-Villegas Ana


    Full Text Available Abstract Background Conventional serological tests, using total soluble proteins or a cocktail of recombinant proteins from T. cruzi as antigens, are highly sensitive for Chagas disease diagnosis. This type of tests, however, does not seem to be reliable tools for short- and medium-term monitoring of the evolution of patients after antiparasitic treatment. The aim of the present study was to search for immunological markers that could be altered in the sera from Chagas disease patients after benznidazole treatment, and therefore have a potential predictive diagnostic value. Methods We analyzed the reactivity of sera from chagasic patients during different clinical phases of the disease against a series of immunodominant antigens, known as KMP11, PFR2, HSP70 and Tgp63. The reactivity of the sera from 46 adult Chronic Chagas disease patients living in a non-endemic country without vector transmission of T. cruzi (15 patients in the indeterminate stage, 16 in the cardiomiopathy stage and 16 in the digestive stage and 22 control sera from non-infected subjects was analyzed. We also analyzed the response dynamics of sera from those patients who had been treated with benznidazole. Results Regardless of the stage of the sickness, the sera from chagasic patients reacted against KMP11, HSP70, PFR2 and Tgp63 recombinant proteins with statistical significance relative to the reactivity against the same antigens by the sera from healthy donors, patients with autoimmune diseases or patients suffering from tuberculosis, leprosy or malaria. Shortly after benznidazole treatment, a statistically significant decrease in reactivity against KMP11, HSP70 and PFR2 was observed (six or nine month. It was also observed that, following benznidazole treatment, the differential reactivity against these antigens co-relates with the clinical status of the patients. Conclusions The recombinant antigens KMP11, PFR2, Tgp63 and HSP70 are recognized by Chagas disease patients

  17. Do Healthy Preterm Children Need Neuropsychological Follow-Up? Preschool Outcomes Compared with Term Peers (United States)

    Dall'Oglio, Anna M.; Rossiello, Barbara; Coletti, Maria F.; Bultrini, Massimiliano; De Marchis, Chiara; Rava, Lucilla; Caselli, Cristina; Paris, Silvana; Cuttini, Marina


    Aim: The aim of this study was to determine neuropsychological performance (possibly predictive of academic difficulties) and its relationship with cognitive development and maternal education in healthy preterm children of preschool age and age-matched comparison children born at term. Method : A total of 35 infants who were born at less than 33…

  18. Long-term follow-up of cognitive outcome after breech presentation at birth

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Henrik Toft; Steffensen, Flemming Hald; Olsen, Jørn


    Studies of long-term consequences of birth in breech presentation are sparse. Therefore, we conducted a cohort study linking birth registry data with data collected during evaluation for military service in 4,298 conscripts born between 1973 and 1976. The cognitive functions were measured...

  19. Anti-LGI1 encephalitis: Clinical syndrome and long-term follow-up

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sonderen, A. van; Thijs, R.D.; Coenders, E.C.; Jiskoot, L.C.; Sanchez, E.; Bruijn, M.A.A.M. de; Coevorden-Hameete, M.H. van; Wirtz, P.W.; Schreurs, M.W.; Smitt, P.A. Sillevis; Titulaer, M.J.


    OBJECTIVE: This nationwide study gives a detailed description of the clinical features and long-term outcome of anti-leucine-rich glioma-inactivated 1 (LGI1) encephalitis. METHODS: We collected patients prospectively from October 2013, and retrospectively from samples sent to our laboratory from

  20. Bilateral high frequency subthalamic stimulation in Parkinson's disease: long-term neurological follow-up

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Romito, L. M.; Scerrati, M.; Contarino, M. F.; Iacoangeli, M.; Bentivoglio, A. R.; Albanese, A.


    AIM: High frequency stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) is gaining recognition as a new symptomatic treatment for Parkinson's disease (PD). The first available long-term observations show the stability of the efficacy of this procedure in time. METHODS: Quadripolar leads were implanted

  1. Atrioventricular septal defect : advanced imaging from early development to long-term follow-up

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Calkoen, Emmeline E.


    The aim of this thesis is to review the current knowledge on atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD) (Part 1), to study the pathogenesis of AVSD (Part 2) and finally to analyze cardiac outcome long-term after AVSD correction (Part 3). Studies are performed with novel imaging techniques. In part 2 it

  2. Short term follow-up of culprit only revascularization versus total ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and multivessel coronary artery disease are common. It is unknown whether complete revascularization in these patients is superior. Objectives: This study evaluated the short term outcome of culprit only revascularization compared to total ...

  3. Long-term Follow-up of Children Treated with Neonatal Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation: neuropsychological outcome

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.J. Madderom (Marlous)


    textabstractThis thesis aims to describe the long-term neuropsychological outcome of children and adolescents treated with neonatal extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). ECMO is a pulmonary bypass technique providing temporary life support in potentially acute reversible (cardio)respiratory

  4. [Results of a multicentric study for the prevention of atopic allergy. 48 months of follow up]. (United States)

    Bruno, G; Giampietro, P G; Businco, L


    With the cooperation of 12 Maternity Hospitals we have started a prospective study to evaluate the effect of dietary and environmental measures in the development of atopic disease in "at risk" newborns. The preventive measures included: exclusive breast feeding for the first 6 months of life, soy milk supplement when breast milk is not sufficient, elimination of house dust, no smoking in the house, etc. All infants were seen at the age of 1, 3, 6, 9, 12 months and twice-a-year afterwards. 1213 babies have been enrolled. At the last follow-up of 48 months 531 children are 4 year old. The cumulative prevalence of atopic disease was 20%: 11 (2%) children developed atopic dermatitis, 69 (13%) asthma, 21 (4%) rinithis, 5 (1%) urticaria. The low prevalence of atopic disease and the trivial course of the allergic manifestations in the children who followed the preventive measures (78/444 = 18%) and the higher (28/87 = 32%) in these who did not (p < 0.01) stressed the importance of such manipulations for the prevention of atopy in "at risk" babies.

  5. Planck early results. IX. XMM-Newton follow-up for validation of Planck cluster candidates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poutanen, T.; Natoli, P.; Polenta, G.


    , the majority of which are found to have highly irregular and disturbed morphologies (about ∼70%). The remaining four sources are multiple systems, including the unexpected discovery of a supercluster at z = 0.45. For 20 sources we are able to derive a redshift estimate from the X-ray Fe K line (albeit...... to observe a sample of S/N > 5 candidates. The sensitivity and spatial resolution of XMM-Newton allows unambiguous discrimination between clusters and false candidates. The 4 false candidates have S/N = 4.1. A total of 21 candidates are confirmed as extended X-ray sources. Seventeen are single clusters...... of variable quality). The new clusters span the redshift range 0.09 ≲ z ≲ 0.54, with a median redshift of z ∼ 0.37. A first determination is made of their X-ray properties including the characteristic size, which is used to improve the estimate of the SZ Compton parameter, Y 500. The follow-up validation...

  6. Long-term follow-up of patients with retinitis pigmentosa (RP) receiving intraocular ciliary neurotrophic factor implants (United States)

    Birch, David G.; Bennett, Lea D.; Duncan, Jacque L.; Weleber, Richard G.; Pennesi, Mark E.


    Purpose To evaluate the long-term efficacy of ciliary neurotrophic factor delivered via an intraocular encapsulated cell implant for the treatment of retinitis pigmentosa (RP). Design Long-term follow up of a multicenter, sham-controlled study. Methods Thirty-six patients at three CNTF4 sites were randomly assigned to receive a high- or low- dose implant in one eye and sham surgery in the fellow eye. The primary endpoint (change in visual field sensitivity at 12 months) has been reported previously.1 Here we report long-term visual acuity, visual field and optical coherence tomography (OCT) outcomes in 24 patients either retaining or explanting the device at 24 months relative to sham-treated eyes. Results Eyes retaining the implant showed significantly greater visual field loss from baseline than either explanted eyes or sham eyes through 42 months. By 60 months and continuing through 96 months, visual field loss was comparable among sham-treated eyes, eyes retaining the implant and explanted eyes, as was visual acuity and OCT macular volume. Conclusions Over the short term, ciliary neurotrophic factor released continuously from an intra-vitreal implant lead to loss of total visual field sensitivity that was greater than the natural progression in the sham-treated eye. This additional loss of sensitivity related to the active implant was reversible when the implant was removed. Over the long term (60 – 96 months), there was no evidence of efficacy for visual acuity, visual field sensitivity or OCT measures of retinal structure. PMID:27457255

  7. Clinical and radiographical results of 179 thrust plate hip prostheses: 5-14 years follow-up study. (United States)

    Yasunaga, Yuji; Yamasaki, Takuma; Matsuo, Toshihiko; Yoshida, Tomokazu; Oshima, Seigo; Hori, Junji; Yamasaki, Keiichiro; Ochi, Mitsuo


    The thrust plate hip prosthesis (TPP) is a bone-reserving prosthesis for cementless fixation at the metaphysis of the proximal femur. We retrospectively evaluated the results of 162 patients (179 hips) who underwent hip arthroplasty using TPP. Eighty-three patients (87 hips) suffered from osteoarthritis of the hip joint (OA group), 79 patients (92 hips) from osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ON group). The mean age at surgery was 55 years in the OA group and 47.4 years in the ON group. The mean follow-up period was 97 months in the OA group and 104 months in the ON group. For these patients, we evaluated the results clinically and radiographically. The mean Merle d'Aubigne's score improved from 8.2 to 16.9 in the OA group and from 9.1 to 16.6 in the ON group at the final follow-up. Early mechanical loosening of TPP was observed in two hips of OA and one hip of ON. In one patient of ON, bilateral TPPs had to be removed 5 years postoperatively because of infection. Two female patients with ON suffered from a spontaneous femoral fracture below the tip of the lateral plate. Kaplan-Meier survivorship using TPP removed for any reason as the end point was 97.7% in the OA group and 90.3% in the ON group after 13 years. The middle-term results of the TPP were satisfactory if the indication for the TPP and the operative procedure were appropriate. The TPP is a useful and safe prosthesis for relatively young patients with not only osteoarthritis of the hip but also osteonecrosis of the femoral head.

  8. Long-Term Follow-up of the Delayed Effects of Acute Radiation Exposure in Primates (United States)


    dose delivery of 60-80 cGy/min. The cohort is supported by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease (NIAID), which is leveraged by...continued Project Title: Trial of Vitamin D Supplementation and Neuromuscular Function in Older Adults Change: New Award Project Title...treatment of Hodgkin’s disease . JAMA 1993; 270:1949. 21. Lee CK, Aeppli D , Nierengarten ME. The need for long-term surveillance for patients treated

  9. Long-Term Follow-Up of Patients after Percutaneous Coronary Intervention with Everolimus-Eluting Bioresorbable Vascular Scaffold. (United States)

    Meneguz-Moreno, Rafael Alexandre; Costa, José de Ribamar; Moscoso, Freddy Antônio Britto; Staico, Rodolfo; Tanajura, Luiz Fernando Leite; Centemero, Marinella Patrizia; Chaves, Auréa Jacob; Abizaid, Andrea Claudia Leão de Sousa; Sousa, Amanda Guerra de Moraes Rego E; Abizaid, Alexandre Antonio Cunha


    Bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVS) were developed to improve the long-term results of percutaneous coronary intervention, restoring vasomotion. To report very late follow-up of everolimus-eluting Absorb BVS (Abbott Vascular, Santa Clara, USA) in our center. Observational retrospective study, in a single Brazilian center, from August 2011 to October 2013, including 49 patients submitted to Absorb BVS implantation. Safety and efficacy outcomes were analyzed in the in-hospital and very late follow-up phases (> 2 years). All 49 patients underwent a minimum follow-up of 2.5 years and a maximum of 4.6 years. Mean age was 56.8 ± 7.6 years, 71.4% of the patients were men, and 26.5% were diabetic. Regarding clinical presentation, the majority (94%) had stable angina or silent ischemia. Device success was achieved in 100% of cases with 96% overall procedure success rate. Major adverse cardiovascular events rate was 4% at 30 days, 8.2% at 1 year, and 12.2% at 2 years, and there were no more events until 4.6 years. There were 2 cases of thrombosis (1 subacute and 1 late). In this preliminary analysis, Absorb BVS showed to be a safe and effective device in the very late follow-up. Establishing the efficacy and safety profiles of these devices in more complex scenarios is necessary. Os suportes vasculares bioabsorvíveis (SVB) foram desenvolvidos com o intuito de melhorar os resultados da intervenção coronária percutânea a longo prazo, restabelecendo-se a vasomotricidade. Reportar o seguimento muito tardio do implante do SVB eluidor de everolimus Absorb® (Abbot Vascular, Santa Clara, EUA) em nosso centro. Estudo observacional, retrospectivo, em um único centro brasileiro, que incluiu 49 pacientes submetidos ao implante do SVB Absorb® entre agosto/2011 e outubro/2013. Foram analisados os desfechos de segurança e eficácia na fase hospitalar e bastante tardia (> 2 anos). Todos os 49 pacientes completaram um seguimento mínimo de 2,5 anos, sendo o máximo de 4,6 anos

  10. Ocular Surface Reconstruction with Cultivated Limbal Epithelial Cells in Limbal Stem Cell Deficiency: One-year Follow-up Results

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    İsmet Durak


    Full Text Available Pur po se: To evaluate the 1-year follow-up results of cultivated limbal epithelial cell (CLEC transplantation in unilateral limbal stem cell deficiency (LSCD. Ma te ri al and Met hod: One-year follow-up results of five unilateral LSCD patients who had undergone CLEC transplantation were evaluated. Parameters for this evaluation were: fluorescein staining of ocular surface, corneal vascularization and status of epithelium with slit lamp, and visual acuity. 1.5-mm limbal biopsy was performed from the superior limbus of the healthy eyes, broke into two equal pieces, expanded on human amniotic membrane (hAM and inserts for 14 days until getting 20 mm in size. CLECs on hAMs were used directly, and cells on inserts were usedafter detachment procedure. The symblepharon and pannus tissues were removed, superficial keratectomy was performed. CLEC on hAMs were transplanted with the epithelial side up onto the bare corneal stroma, sutured to the conjunctiva with 10-0 nylon sutures. Free CLEC layer from insert was placed on hAM as a second layer, additional hAM was used as a protective layer all over other tissues. Re sults: Median age was 44.4 years (14-71. The etiology was chemical burn in all patients. Median duration of symptoms was 10 years (2-18, median follow-up period was 12.6 (12-12.5 months. Preoperative best corrected visual acuities (BCVA were light perception in three patients, counting fingers at 50 cm in one patient and 3/10 in one patient. Visions were improved in all patients. Postoperative BCVA 12 months after the surgery were between counting fingers at 3 meters to 6/10. There was a temporary hemorrhage between the two layers of hAMs in one patient at the early postoperative period. Peripheral corneal vascularization has occurred in three patients, in patient corneal vascularization has reached to the paracentral area. Dis cus si on: CLEC transplantation is an efficient treatment option for unilateral LSCD in mid-long term. (Turk J

  11. Stability of lithium treatment in bipolar disorder - long-term follow-up of 346 patients. (United States)

    Berghöfer, Anne; Alda, Martin; Adli, Mazda; Baethge, Christopher; Bauer, Michael; Bschor, Tom; Grof, Paul; Müller-Oerlinghausen, Bruno; Rybakowski, Janusz K; Suwalska, Alexandra; Pfennig, Andrea


    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness and stability of long-term lithium treatment in a prospective, international, multicenter cohort of bipolar patients in a naturalistic setting. Patients were selected according to DSM IV criteria for bipolar disorder and required long-term treatment. They were prospectively followed and documented in five centers belonging to the International Group for the Study of Lithium-Treated Patients. This was a prospective cohort study without a comparison group. Lithium treatment was administered in a naturalistic and specialized outpatient setting. All patients underwent a comprehensive psychiatric examination, which included the use of standard rating scales, as well as an evaluation of clinical course based on the morbidity index (MI). Wald tests were used to assess the significance of fixed effects and covariates when analyzing the relationship between depressive, manic, and total morbidity index and several characteristics of illness course. A total of 346 patients with bipolar disorder I or II were followed for a mean period of 10.0 years (standard deviation (SD) 6.2, range 1 to 20). The morbidity index remained stable over time: the mean MI was 0.125 (SD 0.299) in year 1 and 0.110 (SD 0.267) in year 20. The MI was not associated with the duration of lithium treatment, the number or frequency of episodes prior to treatment, or latency from the onset of bipolar disorder to the start of lithium treatment. The drop-out rate was high over the study period. Our findings suggest that long-term response to lithium maintenance treatment remains stable over time.

  12. Long-term Follow-up of Whiplash Injury of the Neck

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sameh El-Sallakh


    Conclusion: Whiplash injury patients have long-term residual symptoms; mainly pins and needles sensation in their limbs, headache, and dizziness. Increasing age and low back pain are bad prognostic factors. Claiming compensation prolongs the time for recovery. Sex, body mass index, type of treatment, smoking, and alcohol have no association with the incidence of persistent symptoms. However, smoking had a significant worsening effect on the severity of the symptoms in patients with high WDQS. WDQS, SF-36 and time to symptom relief are sensitive outcome measures of these injuries.

  13. Morbidity and mortality risk ratios are elevated in severe supine dominant OSA: a long-term follow-up study. (United States)

    Kulkas, Antti; Muraja-Murro, Anu; Tiihonen, Pekka; Mervaala, Esa; Töyräs, Juha


    Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a common public health problem. Sleeping position dependency has been related to OSA, and around half of OSA patients suffer from positional OSA where majority of the respiratory events occur in supine position. The consequences of supine dominant OSA have not been thoroughly investigated in long-term follow-up studies. The aim of the study was to retrospectively investigate the effects of supine dominant OSA on morbidity and mortality risk ratios during long-term follow-up and compare the findings with a non-supine OSA group at different OSA severities. Ambulatory polygraphic recordings of 793 patients with median follow-up time of 194.5 months were retrospectively analysed. The risk ratios of morbidity and mortality of supine dominant OSA and non-supine OSA patients were compared. Supine dominant OSA patients, having majority of the obstruction events occurring in supine position, showed higher mortality and morbidity risk ratios in severe OSA category than the non-supine OSA patients. In severe category, the observed risk ratios were statistically significant. The increased risk ratios of mortality and morbidity found further emphasises that supine OSA might have more severe health consequences than non-positional OSA especially in severe OSA. Severe OSA occurring in supine position was shown to be more deleterious than non-supine OSA based on long-term mortality and morbidity evidence.

  14. Acute terminal ileitis, yersiniosis, and Crohn's disease: a long-term follow-up study of the relationships

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jess, T; Jess, Per


    University Hospital during the period 1976-1998 were diagnosed as having ATI while undergoing surgery for suspected acute appendicitis. The patients were followed up, and both Yersinia titers and the development of Crohn's disease were registered. Results: Forty-four patients (83%) were tested for Yersinia...

  15. Effects of psychiatric disorders on Type A acute aortic dissection pathogenesis and analysis of follow-up results

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paolo Nardi


    Full Text Available Aims: A connection between psychiatric disorders (PDs and Type A acute aortic dissection (AAD has not been shown. The aim of this study was to define the psychological profile of patients treated for AAD, and to analyze the prevalence of PDs in their medical histories, in the immediate postoperative period, and at a mid-term follow-up. Patients and Methods: From March 2005 to October 2014, 240 consecutive patients underwent surgery for AAD. 60 patients (mean age 60+/-13 years; 43 males underwent psychiatric consultation postoperatively, and they represent the subjects of our retrospective study. Ascending aorta +/- arch replacement was performed in 43 patients, whereas the Bentall procedure +/- arch replacement was performed in 17. Data were retrospectively analyzed. Follow-ups were completed in 59 patients (mean duration 35+/-23 months. Results: PDs were present in the medical histories of 34 patients. Postoperatively, in 28 cases, a definitive diagnosis of PD (group PD was made in agreement with the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders-IV criteria, including: Major depression (n=13, anxious-depressive syndrome (n=6, bipolar disorder Type 2 (n=4, panic attacks (n=2, paranoid schizophrenia (n=1, and anxiety (n=2. 32 patients without a definitive psychiatric diagnosis were classified as Group non-PD. In the postoperative period, clinical manifestations of PDs, including delirium, persistent spatio-temporal disorientation, and psychomotor agitation were evident in 22 patients (78% in group PD versus 8 patients (25% in group non-PD (P<0.0001. During follow-up, only one death for non-cardiac reasons occurred in group PD. There were no suicides; only 10 patients of group PD required PD treatment (P<0.0001 vs. early postoperative findings; 4 patients in group non-PD required PD treatment. Conclusion: Our findings suggest a strong relationship between PD and AAD. Because the psychiatric conditions appeared to be largely stable after

  16. Acute Charcot arthropathy successfully treated with pamidronate: long-term follow-up. (United States)

    Naqvi, Asghar; Cuchacovich, Raquel; Saketkoo, Lesley; Espinoza, Luis R


    Charcot arthropathy is a relatively rare complication of diabetic neuropathy that may lead to significant discomfort, deformity, and disability, including severe function loss and limb amputation. Initial diagnosis of Charcot arthropathy is often delayed for several weeks, and it is compounded by the lack of specific clinical and laboratory diagnostic parameters. Increasing understanding of the underlying pathogenic events provide strong support for an important role for osteoclastic activity and pro-inflammatory cytokines. This has led to the successful use of bisphosphonates in patients with acute presentation. Herein we report 3 patients with active (acute) Charcot arthropathy secondary to diabetic neuropathy that exhibited an excellent long-term clinical response to intravenous pamidronate therapy.

  17. Experiences with late effects-related care and preferences for long-term follow-up care among adult survivors of childhood lymphoma. (United States)

    Lie, Hanne C; Mellblom, Anneli V; Brekke, Mette; Finset, Arnstein; Fosså, Sophie D; Kiserud, Cecilie E; Ruud, Ellen; Loge, Jon H


    Given childhood cancer survivors' risk of treatment-induced late effects, long-term follow-up care is recommended. We explored experiences with late effects-related care and preferences for long-term follow-up care among adult survivors of childhood malignant lymphoma in Norway. We conducted five focus group interviews with 34 survivors (19 females; 21 Hodgkin/13 non-Hodgkin lymphoma survivors; mean age 39 years; mean time from diagnosis 26 years). Data was analyzed using principles of thematic analysis. Two main themes were identified: (1) the survivors' experiences with late effects-related care and (2) their preferences for long-term follow-up care. Most of the survivors were dissatisfied with their late effects-related care due to perceptions of poor coordination of healthcare needs in a fragmented system, combined with a perceived lack of knowledge of late effects among themselves and general practitioners (GPs). All survivors valued long-term follow-up care. Oncologists were the preferred care providers, but GPs were considered acceptable providers if they had sufficient knowledge of late effects and routine examinations, short waiting times, and improved GP-oncologist collaboration. Our results suggest that a shared care model of long-term follow-up care involving specialists, GPs, and the survivors themselves is likely to fulfill several of the currently unmet needs among adult survivors of childhood cancers. Improved patient education about late effects and follow-up care would aid self-management. The survivors' concerns regarding lack of sufficient knowledge of late effects among GPs suggest a need for improving access to, and dissemination of, information of late effects.

  18. Clinical Findings, Follow-up and Treatment Results in Patients with Ocular Rosacea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    İlkay Kılıç Müftüoğlu


    Full Text Available Objectives: To report the clinical features, treatment options and complications in patients with ocular rosacea. Materials and Methods: The records of 48 eyes of 24 patients with ocular rosacea were retrospectively reviewed. Patients’ ocular signs and symptoms were scored between 1 and 4 points according to disease severity; tear film break-up time (BUT and Schirmer’s test results were recorded before and after the treatment. Preservative-free artificial tears, topical antibiotic eye drops/ointments, short-term topical corticosteroids, topical 0.05% cyclosporine and oral doxycycline treatment were applied as a standard therapy to all patients. Additional treatments were given as needed. Complications were recorded. Results: Twenty-four patients with a mean age of 48.5±35.4 (32-54 years were followed for a mean 15±9.4 (8-36 months. Ocular findings included meibomitis in 100% of cases, anterior blepharitis in 83% (40 eyes, punctate keratopathy in 67% (32 eyes, chalazia in 50% (24 eyes, corneal neovascularization in 50% (24 eyes and subepithelial infiltrates in 16.6% (8 eyes. Significant improvement of symptoms and clinical findings were achieved in all patients with treatment. The increases in Schirmer’s test and BUT were 3.3±1.5 and 4.5±2.8, respectively (p<0.05. Descemetocele and small corneal perforation occurred in 2 eyes; re-epithelialization was achieved in both eyes with tissue adhesive application (1 eye and additional amniotic membrane transplantation (1 eye. Four eyes of three patients showed significant regression of corneal neovascularization with topical bevacizumab therapy. Conclusion: Ocular rosacea may present with a variety of ophthalmic signs. It is possible to control the ophthalmic disease with appropriate therapeutic modalities including topical corticosteroids, topical cyclosporine and systemic doxycycline.

  19. The long-term course of autistic disorders: update on follow-up studies. (United States)

    Nordin, V; Gillberg, C


    The majority of children with autism show deviance and socially or psychiatrically handicapping conditions throughout life. Only a small proportion of those with classical childhood autism lead independent adult lives. Others, particularly those with 'high-functioning' autism and so-called Asperger syndrome will improve enough to live an independent adult life. The level of mental retardation and other comorbid conditions (such as medical syndromes and other neuropsychiatric disorders, including epilepsy) is important in predicting outcome. An IQ below 50 around school age predicts severe restriction of social and adaptive functioning in adult life. The absence of communicative speech at 5-6 years of age is indicative of a poorer long-term overall outcome. There is a clear co-variation between IQ and level of communication, but probably there is some prognostic factor in language development apart from this. Measures of flexibility and cognitive shifting abilities tend to be good predictors of social outcome in a few studies. There is a continued need for prospective, longitudinal studies of children with autism spectrum disorders, particularly in Asperger syndrome. The role of interventions of various kinds needs to be addressed in such studies.

  20. Mid-term follow-up of the TVT-Secur midurethral sling for primary stress incontinence. (United States)

    Angleitner-Flotzinger, Johannes; Aigmueller, Thomas


    The TVT-Secur was introduced in 2006 as a less invasive alternative to retropubic and transobturator suburethral slings. This retrospective cohort study evaluated objective and subjective results in a series of 158 consecutive patients as well as complications and the reoperation rate after TVT-Secur procedure. Between November 2006 and June 2010 a total of 158 patients underwent a TVT-Secur procedure at a single institution. All patients underwent preoperative urodynamic testing. All patients were invited for follow-up including physical examination, urodynamic studies and subjective evaluation. A total of 96 patients (61%) were available for follow-up with a mean follow-up of 29.8 months (range 5-50, median 30). At follow-up, eight (8%) of 96 patients had reoperations for stress incontinence. There were no reoperations for bleeding/hematoma, tape erosions or obstructed micturition and there were no tape erosions or exposures. 29 patients (30%) had a negative cough stress test and 44 patients (46%) subjectively considered themselves "cured". Nine of 43 patients (21%) without urgency symptoms preoperatively developed de novo urgency; 24 of 35 patients (69%) with preoperative urgency complaints were free of urgency symptoms. At 2.4 years, the TVT-Secur appears to have a low adverse events profile but inferior results compared with traditional midurethral slings. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. Long-Term Follow-Up of Polypoidal Choroidal Vasculopathy Secondary to Angioid Streaks Treated by Intravitreal Aflibercept and Ranibizumab

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James G. Wong


    Full Text Available Purpose: Angioid streaks (AS are dehiscences in Bruch’s membrane that may be idiopathic or associated with numerous systemic illnesses. Polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV is an underdiagnosed exudative chorioretinopathy often characterised by serosanguineous detachments of the pigmented epithelium. The use of the anti-VEGF agents ranibizumab and aflibercept in the management of PCV secondary to AS has not been previously documented. We report 3 patients with active PCV secondary to AS, 1 of which had a family history of PCV secondary to AS, not previously reported in the literature. All patients were symptomatic and treated with intravitreal anti-VEGF therapy with and without combination photodynamic therapy (PDT. Methods: This is a long-term retrospective case review of 3 eyes of 3 patients with AS and clinical features of PCV. The patients were examined using fundoscopy, spectral domain optical coherence tomography, fluorescein angiography, and indocyanine green angiography. All patients were managed with intravitreal anti-VEGF using a treat-and-extend protocol according to specific retreatment criteria. One patient had 1 session of PDT in combination with anti-VEGF injections. Results: The mean follow-up time in all patients was 4 years. In all 3 cases, the treatment resulted in improved visual acuity and regression of active PCV lesions with a longer duration between injections. Conclusion: The treat-and-extend protocol with intravitreal aflibercept or ranibizumab with or without PDT is effective and safe for PCV secondary to AS.

  2. [Long-term follow-up of children with prenatally found increased nuchal translucency and normal karyotype]. (United States)

    Kornacki, Jakub; Ziółkowska, Katarzyna; Ignaszak, Natalia; Skrzypczak, Jana


    The aim of the study was a long-term follow-up of children with prenatally found increased nuchal translucency (NT) and normal karyotype. The study was conducted among 147 pregnant women who underwent amniocentesis due to increased fetal NT with or without other structural anomalies in the fetus. The final analysis concerned children with prenatally found increased NT and normal karyotype who were at least 2 years of age. A questionnaire was sent to all patients who underwent amniocentesis in order to assess the development of the children. Normal karyotype was found in 101 (68.7%) fetuses with increased NT Complete information on the outcome of pregnancy and further development of the children was submitted by 70 patients (69.3%). An abnormal outcome of pregnancy congenital structural anomalies and abnormal development was found finally in 17.1% of the children. In case of normal result of the second-trimester fetal ultrasound scan, normal further development was found in 93% of the children. 1. Further development of the children with prenatally found increased NT and normal karyotype is usually normal. 2. The degree of NT increase and the result of the second-trimester fetal anatomy scan seem to play the key role in the prognosis of further, postnatal outcome of the fetuses with increased NT 3. Normal karyotype in fetuses with increased NT does not exclude the possibility of an existing genetic syndrome.

  3. Liver Transplantation for Classical Maple Syrup Urine Disease: Long-Term Follow-Up

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Díaz, Victoria M; Camarena, Carmen; de la Vega, Ángela; Martínez-Pardo, Mercedes; Díaz, Carmen; López, Manuel; Hernández, Francisco; Andrés, Ane; Jara, Paloma


    OBJECTIVES:The aim of the study was to evaluate indications, results, and clinical and neurological evolution in children who have undergone liver transplantation for classical maple syrup urine disease (MSUD...

  4. Comorbidities remission after Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass for morbid obesity is sustained in a long-term follow-up and correlates with weight regain. (United States)

    Laurino Neto, Rafael M; Herbella, Fernando A M; Tauil, Renato M; Silva, Fabricio S; de Lima, Sizenando E


    Obesity-related comorbidities are treated by Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) due to weight loss and intestinal hormone changes. Few studies report the evolution of these comorbidities in a long-term follow-up, especially if weight regain is present. This study aims to analyze: (1) the resolution of obesity-related comorbidities after RYGB in a long-term follow-up and (2) its relationship to weight regain. A retrospective study was conducted on 140 patients submitted to RYGB for morbid obesity for at least 5 years (mean follow-up 90 months). Mean body mass index (BMI) before operation was 52 kg/m(2), at nadir weight 29 kg/m(2), and at last follow-up 33 kg/m(2). The comorbidities diabetes, cardiovascular disease, arterial hypertension, dyslipidemia, sleep apnea, arthropathy, and infertility were classified as resolved, improved, unchanged, and worsened at nadir weight that happened between the first and second year and after five or more years of surgery. For each comorbidity, we compared the changes in the distribution of patients in the categories and the correlation of it with weight loss at the nadir and final weight. BMI was significantly different in the three periods. Comorbidities resolution was sustained in a long-term follow-up for diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and infertility. Comorbidities status was directly related to the weight loss for all comorbidities except infertility. Our results show that comorbidities remission after RYGB is sustained in a long-term follow-up. Weight regain is linked to worse results for all comorbidities except infertility.

  5. Is 'Pure' Dhat Syndrome a Stable Diagnostic Entity? A Naturalistic Long Term Follow Up Study from a Tertiary Care Centre. (United States)

    Sameer, Moideen; Menon, Vikas; Chandrasekaran, Ramamurthy


    Very little is known about the long term diagnostic stability of Dhat (semen loss) syndrome owing to a dearth of follow up studies on this condition. The aim of the study was to assess the diagnostic stability and naturalistic long term outcomes in a group of pure Dhat syndrome cases. The study was carried out in the outpatient psychiatry department of a tertiary care hospital in South India, using a retrospective cohort design. Forty one cases of 'pure' Dhat syndrome (with no other concurrent diagnosis) were selected by a chart review of patients attending the outpatient Psychiatry department. Out of this initial cohort, follow up interviews were held for 36 patients. Direct clinical interviews were held with all participants to assess change in diagnosis. Those who no longer qualified for Dhat syndrome were interviewed with the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders (SCID-I) to generate other diagnoses. For analysis, the patients were divided into two groups - those who positively endorsed symptoms of Dhat syndrome at follow up (DSP group) and those who no longer did (DSN group). These groups were compared using chi-square test for categorical variables and student t-test for continuous variables to look for significant differences. Frequencies and percentages were used to depict socio-demographic data and the follow up diagnoses. Data was analysed using SPSS for Windows, Version 16.0 (Chicago, SPSS Inc.). The mean duration of follow up was 6±3.5 years. Nearly two-thirds of the sample no longer fulfilled criteria for Dhat syndrome in follow up. The most common revisional diagnosis in these patients was somatoform disorders. Age, marital status and literacy distinguished the two groups. About a quarter of the sample (26.07%) was in complete remission. Even the purest variety of Dhat syndrome is not a stable diagnosis in the majority of patients. The condition may be better conceptualized as a subtype of somatoform disorder with culturally

  6. Dental Implants in the Elderly Population: A Long-Term Follow-up. (United States)

    Compton, Sharon M; Clark, Danielle; Chan, Stephanie; Kuc, Iris; Wubie, Berhanu A; Levin, Liran

    The objectives of this study were to evaluate implant survival and success in the elderly population and to assess indicators and risk factors for success or failure of dental implants in older adults (aged 60 years and older). This historical prospective study was developed from a cohort of patients born prior to 1950 who received dental implants in a single private dental office. Implant survival and marginal bone levels were recorded and analyzed with regard to different patient- and implant-related factors. The study examined 245 patient charts and 1,256 implants from one dental clinic. The mean age at the time of implant placement was 62.18 ± 8.6 years. Smoking was reported by 9.4% of the cohort studied. The overall survival rate of the implants was 92.9%; 7.1% of the implants had failed. Marginal bone loss depicted by exposed threads was evident in 23.3% of the implants. Presenting with generalized periodontal disease and/or severe periodontal disease negatively influenced the survival probability of the implant. Implants placed in areas where bone augmentation was performed prior to or during implant surgery did not have the same longevity compared with those that did not have augmentation prior to implantation. The overall findings concluded that implants can be successfully placed in older adults. A variety of factors are involved in the long-term success of the implant, and special consideration should be taken prior to placing implants in older adults to limit the influence of those risk factors.

  7. Long-term follow-up of children with periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and cervical adenitis syndrome. (United States)

    Wurster, Victoria M; Carlucci, James G; Feder, Henry M; Edwards, Kathryn M


    To assess the long-term outcomes of patients with periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and cervical adenitis (PFAPA) syndrome. Patients enrolled in a PFAPA registry were contacted and surveyed. Patients in the registry (n = 59) were surveyed with a follow-up time ranging from 12 to 21 years. Fifty patients had complete symptom resolution, with mean symptom duration of 6.3 years (95% CI, 5.4-7.3), and no sequelae developed. Nine patients continued to have persistent symptoms for a mean duration of 18.1 years (95% CI, 17.4-18.8). There were no differences in initial presentation between subjects with resolved PFAPA and subjects with persistent PFAPA. In subjects with persistent PFAPA, the mean duration of fever >38.3°C decreased from 3.6 days at onset to 1.8 days at follow-up (P = .01), and the mean symptom-free interval between episodes increased from 29 to 159 days (P < .005). Thirty-seven of 44 patients treated with corticosteroids reported prompt symptom resolution. Twelve patients underwent tonsillectomy or adenotonsillectomy; 9 of these patients experienced markedly reduced symptoms, and 6 patients had resolution of symptoms. Two subjects received other diagnoses. In long-term follow-up, most patients with PFAPA experienced spontaneous symptom resolution without sequelae. Patients with persistent symptoms had episodes of shorter duration and reduced frequency. Copyright © 2011 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Hysteroscopic enucleation in toto of submucous type 2 myomas: long-term follow-up in women affected by menorrhagia. (United States)

    Saccardi, Carlo; Conte, Lorena; Fabris, Alberta; De Marchi, Francesca; Borghero, Angela; Gizzo, Salvatore; Litta, Pietro


    To evaluate long-term efficacy of type 2 myoma enucleation in toto. Longitudinal retrospective study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). University obstetrics and gynecology clinic. One hundred twelve women with menorrhagia and at least 1 type 2 submucous myoma who underwent hysteroscopic myoma enucleation in toto. Clinical long-term follow-up. Success of the procedure and influence of myoma characteristics on recurrence of menorrhagia were evaluated. Mean (SD) follow-up was 58.4 (19.1) months. The success of the procedure was 88.4% (99 patients). Seventeen patients (15.2%) underwent a 2-step procedure. Among patients with relapsed menorrhagia, 10 (8.9%) underwent a repeat operation. Statistical analysis showed that number and diameter of myomas did not influence the outcome. Localization in the posterior wall of the uterus, compared with other sites, was associated with a higher percentage of resolution of menstrual symptoms (p = .03). There was no significant relationship between myomas features and risk of symptom recurrence during follow-up. The 2-step myomectomy was performed in patients with myomas >30 mm in diameter (p menorrhagia. Copyright © 2014 AAGL. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Photorefractive Keratectomy With Mitomycin-C for High Myopia: Three Year Follow-Up Results

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hassan Hashemi


    Full Text Available Photorefractive keratectomy (PRK is a safe and effective surgical keratorefractive technique which is done with the application of mitomycin-C (MMC in cases of high myopia to prevent the formation of corneal haze This study was conducted to evaluate 3-year visual acuity and quality outcomes of PRK-MMC in high myopia. This before-after study was conducted on 20 individuals (40 eyes with myopia more than 6.0 diopter (D. Visual acuity and quality indices were evaluated before and three years after the procedure and their stability was examined between the 1st and 3rd years. At 3 years after surgery, mean uncorrected visual acuity was 0.03±0.06 in the logarithm of minimum angle of resolution (logMAR unit which showed a significant improvement when compared to baseline (P<0.001 and means best corrected visual acuity was 0.03±0.06 logMAR, which showed no significant difference (P=0.730. Manifest refraction spherical equivalent (MRSE at 3 years (-0.12±0.2D was significantly decreased when compared to baseline (P<0.001, but it did not change significantly after the 1st year and was stable (P=0.368. Mean coma and spherical aberration 3 years postoperatively were -0.54±0.26 µm and 0.46±0.19 µm, respectively, and neither parameter showed significant differences when compared to baseline (P<0.001. No significant change was found in mesopic contrast sensitivity. The long-term results of this study showed that PRK-MMC could be regarded an effective, safe, and stable procedure in patients with myopia more than 6.0 D.

  10. Mesenchymal stromal stem cell therapy in advanced interstitial lung disease - Anaphylaxis and short-term follow-up

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Balamugesh Thangakunam


    Full Text Available There are limited treatment options for advanced interstitial lung disease (ILD. We describe a patient of ILD treated with mesenchymal stromal stem cell infusion. The index patient had end-stage ILD due to a combination of insults including treatment with radiotherapy and a tyrosine kinase inhibitor Erlotinib. He was oxygen-dependent and this was hampering his quality of life. He tolerated the first infusion stem cells without any problem. During the second infusion he developed anaphylactic shock, which was appropriately managed. At 6-months follow-up he had no improvement in oxygenation, pulmonary function or CT scan parameters. In view of anaphylaxis, further infusions of MSC were withheld. A longer follow-up may reveal long-term benefits or side effects, if any. However the occurrence of anaphylaxis is of concern suggesting that further trials should be conducted with intensive monitoring.

  11. The health status of Q-fever patients after long-term follow-up

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Morroy, G.; Peters, J.B.; Nieuwenhof, M. van; Bor, H.; Hautvast, J.L.A.; Hoek, W. van der; Wijkmans, C.J.; Vercoulen, J.H.M.M.


    BACKGROUND: In the Netherlands, from 2007 to 2009, 3,522 Q-fever cases were notified from three outbreaks. These are the largest documented outbreaks in the world. Previous studies suggest that symptoms can persist for a long period of time, resulting in a reduced quality of life (QoL). The aim of

  12. Long-term follow-up of acute Q fever patients after a large epidemic

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wielders, CCH


    Between 2007 and 2009, one of the largest Q fever epidemics documented worldwide occurred in the Netherlands. This epidemic originated from dairy goat farms and resulted in over 3,500 notified human acute Q fever cases. After an episode of acute Q fever, the causative bacterium Coxiella burnetii may

  13. Long-term follow-up and development of diverticulitis in patients diagnosed with diverticulosis of the colon. (United States)

    Loffeld, R J L F


    Diverticulosis of the colon is the most occurring abnormality in the digestive tract. Little is known on the risk of developing diverticulitis. The study aims to assess the risk of diverticulitis. All patients undergoing colonoscopy in the years 1998, 1999, and 2000 were studied. Patients with cancer, inflammatory bowel disease, anastomoses, and prior diverticulitis were excluded. In the summer of 2015, all hospital records, endoscopy reports, and reports from the department of radiology were studied. Diverticulitis had to be confirmed by the clinical presentation but also via ultrasound or CT scan. In order to obtain enough follow-up years, patients above the age of 75 years were excluded. After exclusions, a study group of 433 patients remained. There was no difference is gender between patients developing diverticulitis and those who did not. There was no difference in age at time of the index colonoscopy. The sum of follow-up years was 6191. Range of follow-up was 0 to 17 years. The mean follow-up was 14.1 years per patient. Thirty cases of diverticulitis (7 %) could be identified; this is 4.8 cases per 1000 years. The mean time to development of diverticulitis was 5.9 years. Diverticulitis had a mild presentation in 19 patients and a severe presentation needing surgical intervention in 11. The risk of developing diverticulitis is low. This contradicts the belief that diverticulosis has a high rate of progression. These results can help inform patients with diverticulosis about their risk of developing acute diverticulitis.

  14. Long-term follow-up after tumorectomy and irradiation for breast cancer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Uematsu, Minoru; Kondo, Makoto; Amemiya, Atsushi; Hashimoto, Shozo; Kageyama, Keizo; Torikata, Chikao; Ikari, Sadanori; Izumi, Koichi


    From 1968 to 1976, 31 patients underwent breast conservation surgery (tumorectomy) and irradiation. A review of the available pathologic slides has revealed that 11 of that number had definite breast cancer. Of these 11 patients, three experienced a relapse, one with local recurrence only, and two with distant metastasis, though one of these two also had a local recurrence. The patient manifesting a local recurrence only was salvaged by a mastectomy, while the other two with distant metastases have died. Survival and disease-free survival in these 11 patients were at least equal to the results of other Japanese patients of the same aged and stages who had undergone a halsted operation during the same period. As for the other 20 patients, either their pathologic slides were not available, or their diagnosis was equivocal or benign. None suffered a relapse. Cosmetic results were excellent in most patients, and there were no second malignancies in the treatment volume.

  15. A controlled study on the outcome of inpatient and outpatient treatment of low back pain. Part III. Long-term follow-up of pain, disability, and compliance. (United States)

    Härkäpää, K; Mellin, G; Järvikoski, A; Hurri, H


    The long-term outcome results of inpatient and outpatient treatment of low back pain (LBP) were studied in 476 subjects (aged 35-54, 63% men) randomly assigned to three study groups: inpatients (n = 157), outpatients (n = 159), and controls (n = 160). The study included changes in the severity of low back pain, grade and disability, compliance with self-care, data on disability pensions, and days of sickness allowance during a 2.5-year follow-up period. These variables were used as outcome criteria. Pain and disability had decreased significantly in the two treated groups up to the 3-month follow-up. LBP was still a little slighter in the inpatients at the 1.5-year and 22-month follow-ups, but there were no significant differences between the groups in disability caused by LBP. The refresher programme carried out 1.5 years after the first one did not bring about as clear short-term improvement in pain and disability as the first treatment. During the whole 2.5-year follow-up compliance with self-care was better in the two treated groups, especially in the inpatients. Days of sickness allowance had increased somewhat more in the controls than in the inpatients during the follow-up. No differences between the groups were found in the number of disability pensions granted.

  16. Improved life satisfaction and pain reduction: follow-up of a 5-week multidisciplinary long-term pain rehabilitation programme. (United States)

    Silvemark, Annika; Källmén, Håkan; Molander, Carl


    Multidisciplinary rehabilitation programmes can improve physical functioning and help patients with long-term pain back to work. Little is known, however, of the extent to which such rehabilitation also affects life satisfaction, pain severity, and disability. We wanted to evaluate if a 5-week rehabilitation programme for patients with long-term pain improves life satisfaction and decreases pain severity and disability. The subjects were 164 patients aged 18-65 years from a pain rehabilitation clinic. Most of them were referred from primary care units. One group of repeated tests was used. Participants were asked to fill out the LiSat-11 checklist and parts of the Multidimensional Pain Inventory (MPI), including pain severity, at admission, at discharge, and 1 year after the rehabilitation programme. Satisfaction with life as a whole, and six of ten LiSat-11 domains improved during the follow-up, though none reached the levels for the general population. MPI subscales pain severity, pain interference, life control, and affective distress improved, whereas no change was observed for general activity. Patients older than 38 years decreased more in MPI affective distress than younger patients. Gender, pain severity, and work status before the programme did not significantly influence the outcome. The results indicate that multidisciplinary rehabilitation improves life satisfaction, reduces pain severity, and reduces negative psychological, social, and behavioural effects of pain. These outcome variables relate to domains known to be of interest for patients and should therefore be considered for evaluation of rehabilitation programmes for long-term pain.

  17. [Long-term follow-up after tympanostomy tube insertion in children with serous otitis media]. (United States)

    Fekete-Szabó, Gabriella; Kiss, Fekete; Rovó, László


    The authors report about the efficacy of inserted tympanostomy tube in children with serous otitis media. The aim of the authors was to assess the status of eardrum, the function of Eustachian tube and hearing level 10 years after the use of tympanostomy tube. Patients filled out a questionnaire and microscopic examination of tympanic membrane, tympanometry, Eustachian tube function examination, and audiometry tests were performed. In the period of 2003-2004, ventilation tube insertion was performed in 711 patients in the ENT Department of Pediatric Health Center of University of Szeged. In 349 patients adenotomy and tympanostomy tube insertion, in 18 cases tonsillectomy and grommet insertion and in 344 patients only typmanostomy tube insertion were performed. Due to objective difficulties (address change, no phone number) 453 patients were asked for control test and 312 persons accepted the invitation. Normal hearing level was found in 84.6% of patients and normal tympanometry result occurred in 82%. Tympanic ventilation disorder, perforation of tympanic membrane, sensorineural hearing loss and sensorineural hearing loss due to noise exposure were diagnosed. Application of tympanostomy tube is effective in the treatment of serous otitis media resulting from ventilation disorder. The authors draw attention to the importance of tympanometry examination to prevent the adhesive processes and cholesteatoma in chronic ventilation disorder of the middle ear.

  18. Results of Arthroscopic Bankart Repair for Anterior-Inferior Shoulder Instability at 13-Year Follow-up. (United States)

    Aboalata, Mohamed; Plath, Johannes E; Seppel, Gernot; Juretzko, Julia; Vogt, Stephan; Imhoff, Andreas B


    Anterior-inferior shoulder instability is a common injury in young patients, particularly those practicing overhead-throwing sports. Long-term results after open procedures are well studied and evaluated. However, the long-term results after arthroscopic repair and risk factors of recurrence require further assessment. Arthroscopic Bankart repair results are comparable with those of open repair as described in the literature. Case series; Level of evidence, 4. A total of 180 shoulders with anterior-inferior shoulder instability were stabilized arthroscopically, met the inclusion criteria and the patients were able to be contacted at a minimum of 10-year follow-up. Of these patients, 143 agreed to participate in the study. Assessment was performed clinically in 104 patients using the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons score, Constant score, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons score, Rowe score, and the Dawson 12-item questionnaire. The Samilson-Prieto score was used to assess degenerative arthropathy in radiographs available for 100 shoulders. Additionally, 15 patients participated through a specific questionnaire and 24 patients through a telephone survey. The overall redislocation rate was 18.18%. Redislocation rates for the different types of fixation devices were as follows: FASTak/Bio-FASTak, 15.1% (17/112); SureTac, 26.3% (5/19); and Panalok, 33.3% (4/12). Concomitant superior labral anterior-posterior repair had no effect on clinical outcome. Redislocation rate was significantly affected by the patient's age and duration of postoperative rehabilitation. Redislocation rate tended to be higher if there had been more than 1 dislocation preoperatively ( P = .098). Severe dislocation arthropathy was observed in 12% of patients, and degenerative changes were significantly correlated with the number of preoperative dislocations, patient age, and number of anchors. The patient satisfaction rate was 92.3%, and return to the preinjury sport level was possible in

  19. The long-term prediction of return to work following serious accidental injuries: A follow up study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sensky Tom


    Full Text Available Abstract Background Considerable indirect costs are incurred by time taken off work following accidental injuries. The aim of this study was to predict return to work following serious accidental injuries. Method 121 severely injured patients were included in the study. Complete follow-up data were available for 85 patients. Two weeks post trauma (T1, patients rated their appraisal of the injury severity and their ability to cope with the injury and its job-related consequences. Time off work was assessed at one (T2 and three years (T3 post accident. The main outcome was the number of days of sick leave taken due to the accidental injury. Results The patients' appraisals a of the injury severity and b of their coping abilities regarding the accidental injury and its job-related consequences were significant predictors of the number of sick-leave days taken. Injury severity (ISS, type of accident, age and gender did not contribute significantly to the prediction. Conclusions Return to work in the long term is best predicted by the patients' own appraisal of both their injury severity and the ability to cope with the accidental injury.

  20. Long-term follow-up of patients with spontaneous clearance of hepatitis C: does viral clearance mean cure?

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Iqbal, M


    Up to 40% of patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibodies are negative for HCV RNA at initial evaluation. If there is a risk of viral re-activation, long term follow-up is required with attendant financial, psychological and medical implications. We investigated the risk of re-activation in the Irish anti-D cohort. Information was obtained from the national hepatitis C database which includes data on patients infected by anti-D immunoglobulin in two large outbreaks, 1977-9 and 1991-94. As part of a screening programme, starting in 1994, 64,907 females exposed to anti-D immunoglobulin were evaluated. Three hundred and forty-seven were found to be antibody positive but HCV RNA negative at initial assessment. 93% had subsequent RNA tests. There was no evidence of HCV recurrence in patients whose infection resolved spontaneously. It appears that two initial sequential negative results for HCV RNA are sufficient to confirm spontaneous viral clearance and probable cure of hepatitis C virus infection.

  1. Neurodynamic mobilization in the conservative treatment of cubital tunnel syndrome: long-term follow-up of 7 cases. (United States)

    Oskay, Deran; Meriç, Aydin; Kirdi, Nuray; Firat, Tüzün; Ayhan, Ciğdem; Leblebicioğlu, Gürsel


    The aim of this case series is to describe the effect of nerve mobilization techniques in the standard conservative management of cubital tunnel syndrome (CTS). Seven patients with CTS participated in this study. Inclusion criteria were having grade 1 and grade 2 entrapment neuropathy according to the McGowan grading system and no other neuropathies. In the evaluation, gripping with grip dynamometer; palmar gripping with a pinchmeter; pain level and Tinel sign with visual analog scale; sensibility with Semmes-Weinstein monofilaments; and functional status of the patients with the Turkish version of the Disability of Arm, Shoulder, and Hand Index were performed before starting a rehabilitation program, at the end of the 8-week rehabilitation program, and at 12-month follow-up. The physiotherapy program consisted of cold application, pulsed ultrasound, nerve mobilization techniques, strengthening exercises, postural adaptations, patient education, and ergonomic modifications. Pain; Tinel sign; and Disability of Arm, Shoulder, and Hand Index scores were decreased, whereas grip and pinch strength increased in the observation period for these 7 patients. This case series demonstrated that conservative treatment of CTS may be beneficial for selected patients with mild to moderate symptoms. The treatment included neurodynamic mobilizations, including sliding techniques and tensioning techniques, which are thought to enhance ulnar nerve gliding and restore neural tissue mobility. Conservative treatment using neurodynamic mobilization with patient education and activity modification demonstrated some long-term positive results. (c) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Treatment of Enamel Surfaces After Bracket Debonding: Case Reports and Long-term Follow-ups. (United States)

    Sundfeld, R H; Franco, L M; Machado, L S; Pini, Nip; Salomao, F M; Anchieta, R B; Sundfeld, D


    After bracket debonding, residual bonded material may be observed on the enamel surface. When not properly removed, this residual material can interfere with the surface smoothness of the enamel, potentially resulting in staining at the resin/enamel interface and contributing to biofilm accumulation. Clinical case reports demonstrate clinical procedures to remove residual bonded material after bracket debonding. A water-cooled fine tapered 3195 FF diamond bur was used to remove the residual bonded material. Subsequently, the enamel surface was treated with Opalustre microabrasive compound. After one week, overnight dental bleaching was initiated using 10% carbamide peroxide in custom-formed trays for four weeks. The enamel microabrasion technique was found to be effective for polishing the enamel surface and for reestablishing the dental esthetics associated with dental bleaching. Longitudinal clinical controls of other clinical cases are presented.

  3. Gastric cancer risk in achlorhydric patients. A long-term follow-up study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Jesper Hastrup; Dahl, C; Svendsen, L B


    Achlorhydria, determined by the augmented histamine test, is the functional expression of the most severe atrophic gastritis and is followed by a 4- to 6-fold increased risk of gastric cancer, as we found 5 cancers in 114 patients after a mean observation period of 8.4 years. The cancers developed...... from 1 to 17 years after achlorhydria diagnosis--three cases after more than 9 years. The study showed no difference in gastric cancer risk between patients with and without pernicious anaemia. Spontaneous achlorhydria is the late result of atrophic gastritis, which should be regarded the premalignant...... condition. The development of gastric cancer from pharmacologically reduced acid secretion must be regarded as highly hypothetical, since this is not followed by atrophic gastritis....

  4. Long-term follow-up of 246 adults with juvenile idiopathic arthritis: education and employment. (United States)

    Packham, J C; Hall, M A


    To examine the levels of education and employment in adults with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) compared with their siblings and national figures. Two hundred and forty-six adults identified with long-standing JIA had an average disease duration of 28.3 yr. Educational achievements and employment status were recorded and comparative data obtained from siblings and the National Office for Statistics, UK. The effects, incidence and nature of discrimination in the workplace were also explored. Across all levels of education the study group achieved significantly better results than both the national average and their siblings. In contrast, the rate of unemployment in the patient group was more than twice that in the national population. The percentage of patients who had encountered discrimination in the workplace was 25.1.

  5. Sequential treatment for a patient with hemifacial microsomia: 10 year-long term follow up. (United States)

    Seo, Jeong-Seok; Roh, Young-Chea; Song, Jae-Min; Song, Won-Wook; Seong, Hwa-Sik; Kim, Si-Yeob; Hwang, Dae-Seok; Kim, Uk-Kyu


    Hemifacial microsomia (HFM) is the most common craniofacial anomaly after cleft lip and cleft palate; this deformity primarily involves the facial skeleton and ear, with either underdevelopment or absence of both components. In patients with HFM, the management of the asymmetries requires a series of treatment phases that focus on their interception and correction, such as distraction osteogenesis or functional appliance treatment during growth and presurgical orthodontic treatment followed by mandibular and maxillary surgery. Satisfactory results were obtained in a 9-year-old girl with HFM who was treated with distraction osteogenesis. At the age of 19, genioplasty and mandible body augmentation with a porous polyethylene implant (PPE, Medpor®, Porex) was sequentially performed for the functional and esthetic reconstruction of the face. We report a case of HFM with a review of the literature.

  6. Cancer incidence among patients with alcohol use disorders--long-term follow-up

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thygesen, Lau Caspar; Mikkelsen, Pernille; Andersen, Tina Veje


    AIMS: The aim of this study was to compare the cancer morbidity in a large cohort of patients with alcohol use disorders in the general Danish population. METHODS: We included 15,258 men and 3552 women free of cancer when attending the Copenhagen Outpatient Clinic for Alcoholics in the period from...... 1954 to 1992. The cancer incidence until 1999 of the patients and the general Danish population was obtained through linkage with the Danish Cancer Registry. The incidence rates were standardized (SIR) according to sex, age and calendar time. RESULTS: A total of 2145 men developed cancer compared...... to 1140.8 expected cases (SIR = 1.9; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.8-2.0), while 601 women developed cancer compared to 239.1 expected cases (SIR = 2.5; 95% CI 2.3-2.7). Highly significant and strongly elevated incidence rates were found for cancer of the tongue, mouth, pharynx, oesophagus, liver, larynx...

  7. Recovery in remitted first-episode psychosis at 7 years of follow-up of an early dose reduction/discontinuation or maintenance treatment strategy: long-term follow-up of a 2-year randomized clinical trial. (United States)

    Wunderink, Lex; Nieboer, Roeline M; Wiersma, Durk; Sytema, Sjoerd; Nienhuis, Fokko J


    Short-term outcome studies of antipsychotic dose-reduction/discontinuation strategies in patients with remitted first-episode psychosis (FEP) showed higher relapse rates but no other disadvantages compared with maintenance treatment; however, long-term effects on recovery have not been studied before. To compare rates of recovery in patients with remitted FEP after 7 years of follow-up of a dose reduction/discontinuation (DR) vs maintenance treatment (MT) trial. Seven-year follow-up of a 2-year open randomized clinical trial comparing MT and DR. One hundred twenty-eight patients participating in the original trial were recruited from 257 patients with FEP referred from October 2001 to December 2002 to 7 mental health care services in a 3.2 million-population catchment area. Of these, 111 patients refused to participate and 18 patients did not experience remission. PARTICIPANTS After 7 years, 103 patients (80.5%) of 128 patients who were included in the original trial were located and consented to follow-up assessment. After 6 months of remission, patients were randomly assigned to DR strategy or MT for 18 months. After the trial, treatment was at the discretion of the clinician. Primary outcome was rate of recovery, defined as meeting the criteria of symptomatic and functional remission. Determinants of recovery were examined using logistic regression analysis; the treatment strategy (MT or DR) was controlled for baseline parameters. The DR patients experienced twice the recovery rate of the MT patients (40.4% vs 17.6%). Logistic regression showed an odds ratio of 3.49 (P = .01). Better DR recovery rates were related to higher functional remission rates in the DR group but were not related to symptomatic remission rates. Dose reduction/discontinuation of antipsychotics during the early stages of remitted FEP shows superior long-term recovery rates compared with the rates achieved with MT. To our knowledge, this is the first study showing long-term gains of an early

  8. Long-Term Follow-Up of Transsexual Persons Undergoing Sex Reassignment Surgery: Cohort Study in Sweden (United States)

    Dhejne, Cecilia; Lichtenstein, Paul; Boman, Marcus; Johansson, Anna L. V.; Långström, Niklas; Landén, Mikael


    Context The treatment for transsexualism is sex reassignment, including hormonal treatment and surgery aimed at making the person's body as congruent with the opposite sex as possible. There is a dearth of long term, follow-up studies after sex reassignment. Objective To estimate mortality, morbidity, and criminal rate after surgical sex reassignment of transsexual persons. Design A population-based matched cohort study. Setting Sweden, 1973-2003. Participants All 324 sex-reassigned persons (191 male-to-females, 133 female-to-males) in Sweden, 1973–2003. Random population controls (10∶1) were matched by birth year and birth sex or reassigned (final) sex, respectively. Main Outcome Measures Hazard ratios (HR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) for mortality and psychiatric morbidity were obtained with Cox regression models, which were adjusted for immigrant status and psychiatric morbidity prior to sex reassignment (adjusted HR [aHR]). Results The overall mortality for sex-reassigned persons was higher during follow-up (aHR 2.8; 95% CI 1.8–4.3) than for controls of the same birth sex, particularly death from suicide (aHR 19.1; 95% CI 5.8–62.9). Sex-reassigned persons also had an increased risk for suicide attempts (aHR 4.9; 95% CI 2.9–8.5) and psychiatric inpatient care (aHR 2.8; 95% CI 2.0–3.9). Comparisons with controls matched on reassigned sex yielded similar results. Female-to-males, but not male-to-females, had a higher risk for criminal convictions than their respective birth sex controls. Conclusions Persons with transsexualism, after sex reassignment, have considerably higher risks for mortality, suicidal behaviour, and psychiatric morbidity than the general population. Our findings suggest that sex reassignment, although alleviating gender dysphoria, may not suffice as treatment for transsexualism, and should inspire improved psychiatric and somatic care after sex reassignment for this patient group. PMID:21364939

  9. Long-term follow-up of transsexual persons undergoing sex reassignment surgery: cohort study in Sweden.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecilia Dhejne

    Full Text Available CONTEXT: The treatment for transsexualism is sex reassignment, including hormonal treatment and surgery aimed at making the person's body as congruent with the opposite sex as possible. There is a dearth of long term, follow-up studies after sex reassignment. OBJECTIVE: To estimate mortality, morbidity, and criminal rate after surgical sex reassignment of transsexual persons. DESIGN: A population-based matched cohort study. SETTING: Sweden, 1973-2003. PARTICIPANTS: All 324 sex-reassigned persons (191 male-to-females, 133 female-to-males in Sweden, 1973-2003. Random population controls (10:1 were matched by birth year and birth sex or reassigned (final sex, respectively. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Hazard ratios (HR with 95% confidence intervals (CI for mortality and psychiatric morbidity were obtained with Cox regression models, which were adjusted for immigrant status and psychiatric morbidity prior to sex reassignment (adjusted HR [aHR]. RESULTS: The overall mortality for sex-reassigned persons was higher during follow-up (aHR 2.8; 95% CI 1.8-4.3 than for controls of the same birth sex, particularly death from suicide (aHR 19.1; 95% CI 5.8-62.9. Sex-reassigned persons also had an increased risk for suicide attempts (aHR 4.9; 95% CI 2.9-8.5 and psychiatric inpatient care (aHR 2.8; 95% CI 2.0-3.9. Comparisons with controls matched on reassigned sex yielded similar results. Female-to-males, but not male-to-females, had a higher risk for criminal convictions than their respective birth sex controls. CONCLUSIONS: Persons with transsexualism, after sex reassignment, have considerably higher risks for mortality, suicidal behaviour, and psychiatric morbidity than the general population. Our findings suggest that sex reassignment, although alleviating gender dysphoria, may not suffice as treatment for transsexualism, and should inspire improved psychiatric and somatic care after sex reassignment for this patient group.

  10. Long-term follow up of factual knowledge after a single, randomised problem-based learning course

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Börner Ulf


    Full Text Available Abstract Background The long-term effect of problem-based learning (PBL on factual knowledge is poorly investigated. We took advantage of a previous randomised comparison between PBL and traditional teaching in a 3rd year course to follow up factual knowledge of the students during their 4th and 5th year of medical school training. Methods 3rd year medical students were initially randomized to participate in a problem-based (PBL, n = 55, or a lecture-based (LBL, n = 57 course in basic pharmacology. Summative exam results were monitored 18 months later (after finishing a lecture-based course in clinical pharmacology. Additional results of an unscheduled, formative exam were obtained 27 months after completion of the first course. Results Of the initial sample of 112 students, 90 participated in the second course and exam (n = 45, 45. 32 (n = 17 PBL, n = 15 LBL could be exposed to the third, formative exam. Mean scores (± SD were 22.4 ± 6.0, 27.4 ± 4.9 and 20.1 ± 5.0 (PBL, or 22.2 ± 6.0, 28.4 ± 5.1 and 19.0 ± 4.7 (LBL in the first, second and third test, respectively (maximum score: 40. No significant differences were found between the two groups. Conclusion A small-scale exposure to PBL, applied under randomized conditions but in the context of a traditional curriculum, does not sizeably change long-term presence of factual knowledge within the same discipline.

  11. Postoperative haemodynamic changes in transplanted liver: Long-term follow-up with ultrasonography. (United States)

    Han, Hong; Liu, Rong; Wang, Wen-Ping; Ding, Hong; Wen, Jie-Xian; Lin, Xi-Yuan


    To investigate haemodynamic changes in the transplanted liver without postoperative complications. Colour Doppler ultrasound was used to monitor recipients of liver transplants who had no postoperative complications. The haemodynamic data for the hepatic vasculature were compared at different time-points during the first 4 years after liver transplantation. A total of 144 liver transplant patients were enrolled in the study. Portal vein flow velocity decreased significantly from 72.1 ± 30.3 cm/s at 1 day to 44.2 ± 20.1 cm/s at 1 month after liver transplantation. Hepatic artery flow velocity was 61.4 ± 33.2 cm/s at day 1; it then decreased slowly but significantly to 48.3 ± 20.4 cm/s at 3 years after transplantation. There were 81 (56.3%) patients with high hepatic artery resistance index (HARI) (>0.80) and 19 (13.2%) with low HARI (liver transplantation. Abnormal haemodynamic Doppler results should be interpreted with caution because they may not be clinically significant and may improve spontaneously. © The Author(s) 2014 Reprints and permissions:

  12. Long-term follow-up for cancer incidence in a cohort of Danish firefighters. (United States)

    Kirstine Ugelvig Petersen, Kajsa; Pedersen, Julie Elbaek; Bonde, Jens Peter; Ebbehoej, Niels Erik; Hansen, Johnni


    To examine cancer incidence among Danish firefighters using several employment-related exposure subgroups. A historical cohort of 9061 male Danish firefighters was established from collected personnel and membership records from employers and trade unions. Using the unique Danish personal identification number, information on additional previous employment, cancer and vital status was linked to members of the cohort from the Supplementary Pension Fund Register, the Danish Cancer Registry and the Danish Civil Registration System. SIRs were calculated for specific cancer types using rates for the general population, a sample of the working population and military employees, respectively. Compared with the selected reference groups, the overall observed incidence of cancer among the firefighters was at level with the expected (SIR 1.02, 95% CI 0.96 to 1.09 vs the general population). The SIR for colon cancer was consistently significantly reduced, while the slight excess seen for melanoma of the skin, prostate and testicular cancer compared with the general population was not reproduced using the military as reference. Previous associations with melanoma of the skin, prostate and testicular cancer are supported by our main results. However, the increase in incidence of these cancers is not reproduced using the military as reference. Similarities in cancer profile for the firefighters and the military point to shared risk factors in either lifestyle or work environment. © Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

  13. One Year Follow-up Results after Sleeve Gastrectomy in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients with Morbid Obesity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dejeu Viorel


    Full Text Available Background and aims: Bariatric surgery has been shown to be superior to nonsurgical approaches in terms of weight loss and remission of type 2 diabetes (T2DM and metabolic syndrome. This prospective, single-center, follow-up study assessed percentage of excessive weight loss (%EWL, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c levels, prescribed antidiabetes drugs and diabetes remission rates in obese T2DM patients who underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy.

  14. Long-term follow-up of intensive glycaemic control on renal outcomes in the Veterans Affairs Diabetes Trial (VADT). (United States)

    Agrawal, Lily; Azad, Nasrin; Bahn, Gideon D; Ge, Ling; Reaven, Peter D; Hayward, Rodney A; Reda, Domenic J; Emanuele, Nicholas V


    We conducted an analysis of data collected during the Veterans Affairs Diabetes Trial (VADT) and the follow-up study (VADT-F) to determine whether intensive (INT) compared with standard (STD) glycaemic control during the VADT resulted in better long-term kidney outcomes. VADT randomly assigned 1791 veterans from 20 Veterans Affairs (VA) medical centres who had type 2 diabetes mellitus and a mean HbA1c of 9.4 ± 2% (79.2 mmol/mol) at baseline to receive either INT or STD glucose control for a median of 5.6 years (randomisation December 2000 to May 2003; intervention ending in May 2008). After the trial, participants received routine care through their own physicians within the VA. This is an interim analysis of the VADT-F (June 2008 to December 2013). We collected data using VA and National databases and report renal outcomes based on serum creatinine, eGFR and urine albumin to creatinine ratio (ACR) in 1033 people who provided informed consent to participate in the VADT-F. By the end of the VADT-F, significantly more people who received INT treatment during the VADT maintained an eGFR >60 ml min(-1) 1.73 m(-2) (OR 1.34 [95% CI 1.05, 1.71], p = 0.02). This benefit was most evident in those who were classified as at moderate risk (INT vs STD, RR 1.3, p = 0.03) or high risk (RR 2.3, p = 0.04) of chronic kidney disease on the Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO-CKD) at the beginning of VADT. At the end of VADT-F, significantly more people from the INT group improved to a low KDIGO risk category (RR 6.1, p = 0.002). During the VADT-F there were no significant differences between INT and STD for average HbA1c, blood pressure or lipid levels. After just over 11 years of follow-up, there was a 34% greater odds of maintaining an eGFR of >60 ml min(-1) 1.73 m(-2) and of improving the KDIGO category in individuals with type 2 diabetes who had received INT for a median of 5.6 years. VADT clinical number: NCT 00032487.

  15. Long-term follow-up for incident cirrhosis among pediatric cancer survivors with hepatitis C virus infection. (United States)

    Stallings-Smith, Sericea; Krull, Kevin R; Brinkman, Tara M; Hudson, Melissa M; Ojha, Rohit P


    Pediatric cancer patients who received blood transfusions were potentially exposed to hepatitis C virus (HCV) prior to second-generation HCV screening of blood products in 1992. Limited evidence is available about long-term incident cirrhosis in this population. We aimed to estimate the overall and sex-specific incidence of cirrhosis among HCV-seropositive survivors of pediatric cancer. We identified 113HCV-seropositive pediatric cancer patients treated at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital between 1962 and 1997, who survived ≥5 years post-diagnosis, and were followed through 2014. Our outcome was cirrhosis determined by liver biopsy or diagnostic imaging. We used a competing-risk framework to estimate the overall and sex-specific cumulative incidence and 95% confidence limits (CL) of cirrhosis at 10-year follow-up intervals. The median duration of follow-up was 30 years (interquartile range=28-36) post-cancer diagnosis. Cumulative incidence of cirrhosis increased at each 10-year interval from 0% after 10 years to 13% after 40 years (Ptrendpediatric cancer survivors and the general population given similar duration of follow-up, but survivors may be diagnosed with cirrhosis at an earlier age. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  16. Long-term follow-up after primary complete repair of common arterial trunk with homograft: a 40-year experience. (United States)

    Vohra, Hunaid A; Whistance, Robert N; Chia, Alicia X; Janusauskas, Vilius; Nikolaidis, Nicholas; Roubelakis, Apostolos; Veldtman, Gruschen; Roman, Kevin; Vettukattil, Joseph J; Gnanapragasam, James; Salmon, Anthony P; Monro, James L; Haw, Marcus P


    We sought to determine the long-term performance of homograft and truncal valve after complete repair of common arterial trunk. From January 1964 to June 2008, 32 patients (median age, 14 days; range, 5 days to 2.5 years) underwent primary homograft repair of common arterial trunk. Twenty-four (75%) were neonates. The homograft used in the right ventricular outflow tract was aortic in 24 patients and pulmonary in 8 patients (mean diameter, 15.8 +/- 3.5 mm; median diameter, 16 mm [range, 8-24 mm]). The median follow-up was 24.5 years (range, 5.6 months to 43.5 years). There were 3 hospital deaths and 1 late death. The actuarial survival at 30 years was 83.1% +/- 6.6%. Of the 28 survivors, 25 reoperations were performed in 19 (76%) patients. The mean and median times to homograft reoperation were 11.5 +/- 7.4 and 12.1 years (range, 1.0-26.1 years), respectively. Overall freedom from homograft reoperation after 10, 20, and 30 years was 68.4% +/- 8.7%, 37.4% +/- 9.5%, and 26.7% +/- 9.3%, respectively. Twelve patients retained the original homografts at a median follow-up of 16.4 years (range, 0-30.2 years). Six underwent a truncal valve replacement with a mechanical prosthesis at a median of 10.5 years (range, 3.4-22 years) after truncus repair. Freedom from truncal valve replacement at 10 and 30 years was 93.1% +/- 4.7% and 81.8% +/- 8.9%, respectively. In the 22 surviving patients who did not undergo truncal valve replacement, the peak truncal valve gradient was 8.9 +/- 8.3 mm Hg at a median follow-up of 24.5 years (range, 5.6 months to 32.9 years). At the last follow-up, 27 (96.4%) patients had good left ventricular function, and 24 patients (85.7%) were New York Heart Association class I. Oversizing the homograft at the time of the initial repair can lead to a homograft lasting more than 12 years. During long-term follow-up, 20% of patients require truncal valve replacement. Copyright 2010 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc. All

  17. Long-term follow-up of children and adolescents with primary sclerosing cholangitis and autoimmune sclerosing cholangitis. (United States)

    Smolka, Vratislav; Karaskova, Eva; Tkachyk, Oksana; Aiglova, Kvetoslava; Ehrmann, Jiri; Michalkova, Kamila; Konecny, Michal; Volejnikova, Jana


    Sclerosing cholangitis (SC) is a chronic cholestatic hepatobiliary disease with uncertain long-term prognosis in pediatric patients. This study aimed to evaluate long-term results in children with SC according to the types of SC. We retrospectively followed up 25 children with SC over a period of 4-17 years (median 12). The diagnosis of SC was based on biochemical, histological and cholangiographic findings. Patients fulfilling diagnostic criteria for probable or definite autoimmune hepatitis at the time of diagnosis were defined as having autoimmune sclerosing cholangitis (ASC); other patients were included in a group of primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC). The incidence of the following complications was studied: obstructive cholangitis, portal hypertension, advanced liver disease and death associated with the primary disease. Fourteen (56%) patients had PSC and 11 (44%) had ASC. Patients with ASC were significantly younger at the time of diagnosis (12.3 vs 15.4 years, P=0.032) and had higher IgG levels (22.7 vs 17.2 g/L, P=0.003). The mentioned complications occurred in 4 (16%) patients with SC, exclusively in the PSC group: one patient died from colorectal cancer, one patient underwent liver transplantation and two patients, in whom severe bile duct stenosis was present at diagnosis, were endoscopically treated for acute cholangitis. Furthermore, two other children with ASC and 2 children with PSC had elevated aminotransferase levels. The 10-year overall survival was 95.8% in all patients, 100% in patients without complicated liver disease, and 75.0% in patients with complications. In children, ASC is a frequent type of SC, whose prognosis may be better than that in patients with PSC.

  18. The Results of Hemivertebra Resection by the Posterior Approach in Children with a Mean Follow-Up of Five Years

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramazan Erden Erturer


    Full Text Available Aim. To evaluate the radiologic and clinical results of patients who underwent deformity correction and stabilization for congenital spinal deformities using pedicle screws after hemivertebra resection. Material and Method. Nine patients, mean age 9.2, who underwent posterior hemivertebrectomy and transpedicular fixation for congenital spinal deformity and had longer than five years of follow-up were evaluated retrospectively. The hemivertebrae were located in the thoracic region in 4 patients and thoracolumbar transition region in 5 patients. The patients were evaluated radiologically and clinically in the postoperative period. Results. Mean length of follow-up was 64.2 months. The mean operating time was 292 minutes. The mean blood loss was 236 mL. The average hospitalization time was 7 days. The amount of correction on the coronal planes was measured as 31%. The mean segmental kyphosis angle was 45.7 degrees preoperatively and it was measured 2.7 degrees in the follow-up period. There were no statistically significant differences between the early postoperative period and final follow-up X-rays with respect to coronal and sagittal plane deformities. Conclusion. The ability to obtain a sufficient and balanced correction in the cases accompanied by long compensator curvatures that have a structural character in hemivertebra may require longer fusion levels.

  19. Adult neurobehavioral outcome of hyperbilirubinemia in full term neonates—a 30 year prospective follow-up study

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    Laura Hokkanen


    Full Text Available Background. Neonatal hyperbilirubinemia (HB may cause severe neurological damage, but serious consequences are effectively controlled by phototherapy and blood exchange transfusion. HB is still a serious health problem in economically compromised parts of the world. The long term outcome has been regarded favorable based on epidemiological data, but has not been confirmed in prospective follow-up studies extending to adulthood.Methods. We studied the long term consequences of HB in a prospective birth cohort of 128 HB cases and 82 controls. The cases are part of a neonatal at-risk cohort (n = 1196 that has been followed up to 30 years of age. HB cases were newborns ≥ 2500 g birth weight and ≥ 37 weeks of gestation who had bilirubin concentrations > 340 µmol/l or required blood exchange transfusion. Subjects with HB were divided into subgroups based on the presence (affected HB or absence (unaffected HB of diagnosed neurobehavioral disorders in childhood, and compared with healthy controls. Subjects were seen at discharge, 5, 9 and 16 years of life and parent’s and teacher’s assessments were recorded. At 30 years they filled a questionnaire about academic and occupational achievement, life satisfaction, somatic and psychiatric symptoms including a ADHD self-rating score. Cognitive functioning was tested using ITPA, WISC, and reading and writing tests at 9 years of life.Results. Compared to controls, the odds for a child with HB having neurobehavioral symptoms at 9 years was elevated (OR = 4.68. Forty-five per cent of the HB group were affected by cognitive abnormalities in childhood and continued to experience problems in adulthood. This was apparent in academic achievement (p < 0.0001 and the ability to complete secondary (p < 0.0001 and tertiary (p < 0.004 education. Also, the subgroup of affected HB reported persisting cognitive complaints e.g., problems with reading, writing and mathematics. Childhood symptoms of hyperactivity

  20. Long-term mortality following peptic ulcer perforation in the PULP trial. A nationwide follow-up study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Morten Hylander; Vester-Andersen, Morten; Thomsen, Reimar Wernich


    Abstract Objective. Morbidity and mortality following perforated peptic ulcer (PPU) remain substantial. In the recently published PULP trial, 30-day mortality in patients surgically treated for PPU decreased from 27% to 17% following the implementation of a perioperative care protocol based...... on The Surviving Sepsis Guidelines. The objective of the present study was to evaluate long-term mortality in the PULP trial intervention and control cohort. Material and methods. Design: nationwide follow-up study of a multicenter, non-randomized, clinical trial with external controls. Setting: Danish patients...

  1. Are patients on long-term oxygen therapy followed up properly? Data from the Danish Oxygen Register

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ringbæk, Thomas Jørgen; Lange, Peter; Viskum, K


    OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess the extent and quality of follow-up of patients on LTOT. SETTING: The Danish Oxygen Register. SUBJECTS: A total of 890 chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients who were on long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT) during the period from 1 November...... gases or pulsoximetry with oxygen supply, verification that the patient used oxygen > or =15 h day-1 and was nonsmoker. Female gender, LTOT initiated 3-12 months ago, LTOT started by a chest physician at pulmonary department and LTOT prescribed > or =15 h day-1 were found to be significant predictors...

  2. Actinomycetoma caused by Nocardia otitidiscaviarum: Report of a case in Taiwan with long-term follow-up

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    Min-Hui Chi


    Full Text Available Actinomycetoma is a chronic granulomatous infection, with Nocardia species being one of the infecting pathogens. Infections caused by N. otitidiscaviarum are relatively rare compared with those caused by other Nocardia species. Conventional methods for the diagnosis of nocardiosis based on phenotypic characterization of the strains (e.g., morphology, histopathology are relatively time consuming and nonspecific. Molecular techniques have become the better choice for prompt and accurate identification of Nocardia isolates. We report a case of actinomycetoma due to N. otitidiscaviarum characterized by 16S ribosomal RNA (16S rRNA gene sequence analysis and the long-term follow-up.

  3. Long-term follow up of factual knowledge after a single, randomised problem-based learning course


    Herzig, Stefan; Linke, Ralph-Mario; Marxen, Bent; Börner, Ulf; Antepohl, Wolfram


    Background The long-term effect of problem-based learning (PBL) on factual knowledge is poorly investigated. We took advantage of a previous randomised comparison between PBL and traditional teaching in a 3rd year course to follow up factual knowledge of the students during their 4th and 5th year of medical school training. Methods 3rd year medical students were initially randomized to participate in a problem-based (PBL, n = 55), or a lecture-based (LBL, n = 57) course in basic pharmacology....

  4. Long-term follow-up of 287 meningiomas in neurofibromatosis type 2 patients: clinical, radiological, and molecular features


    Goutagny, Stéphane; Bah, Alpha Boubacar; Henin, Dominique; Parfait, Béatrice; Grayeli, Alexis Bozorg; Sterkers, Olivier; Kalamarides, Michel


    Decision-making criteria for optimal management of meningiomas in neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) patients is hampered by lack of robust data, particularly long-term natural history. Seventy-four NF2 patients harboring 287 cranial meningiomas followed up for a mean period of 110.2 months were studied retrospectively. The median number of meningiomas per patient was 3. The mean maximum diameter of meningiomas at diagnosis was 14.3 mm, with a mean annual growth rate of 1.5 mm. Sixty-six percent ...

  5. Minimum 5-year Follow-up Results of Minimally Invasive Total Knee Arthroplasty Using Mini-Keel Modular Tibial Implant. (United States)

    Yoo, Ju-Hyung; Park, Byoung-Kyu; Han, Chang-Dong; Oh, Hyun-Cheol; Park, Sang-Hoon


    To evaluate the minimum 5-year mid-term clinical and radiological results of minimally invasive surgery total knee arthroplasty (MIS-TKA) using a mini-keel modular tibia component. We retrospectively evaluated 254 patients (361 cases) who underwent MIS-TKA between 2005 and 2006. The latest clinical and radiological assessments were done in 168 cases that had been followed on an outpatient basis for more than 5 postoperative years. Clinical results were assessed using the Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) score and Knee Society score. Radiological evaluation included measurements of knee alignment. The average postoperative knee range of motion and HSS score were 134.3°±12.4° and 92.7°±7.0°, respectively. The average postoperative femorotibial angle and tibial component alignment angle were 5.2°±1.7° valgus and 90.2°±1.6°, respectively. The average tibial component posterior inclination was 4.8°±2.1°. The percentage of cases with tibial component alignment angle of 90°±3° was 96.1%, and that with the femorotibial angle of 6°±3° valgus was 94.0%. Radiolucent lines were observed in 20 cases (12.0%): around the femur, tibia, and patella in 14 cases, 10 cases, and 1 case, respectively. However, they were less than 2 mm and non-progressive in all cases. The survival rate was 99.4% and there was no implant-related revision. MIS-TKA using a mini-keel modular tibial plate showed satisfactory results, a high survival rate, and excellent clinical and radiological results in the mid-term follow-up.

  6. Clinical assessment and echocardiography follow-up results of the children with acute rheumatic fever

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    Ahmet Basturk


    Full Text Available Acute rheumatic fever (ARF is an inflammatory collagenous tissue disease which shows its cardinal signs in joints, heart, skin and nervous system while affecting whole connective tissue system more or less. This study was conducted in order to investigate the clinical pattern and severity of ARF, echocardiographic findings and the course of the patients with heart valve involvement by studying the clinical and laboratory aspects of the patients diagnosed with ARF according to updated Jones criteria. The study included 214 patients diagnosed with ARF for the first time between January 2005 and May 2008. All patients were scanned with doppler echocardiography (ECHO between certain intervals. Severity of carditis was grouped into 3 groups of mild, moderate and severe. The frequency of carditis was 57.9%, arthritis was 73.4%, chorea was 11.7% and erythema marginatum was 0.9% but no subcutaneous nodules. Recovery was observed in 22% of the cases of isolated aortic insufficiency (AI, 50% of the cases with isolated mitral insufficiency (MI and 80% of the cases with mitral and aortic insufficiencies together (MI+AI. Recovery in isolated MI was significantly much more than recovery in isolated AI. However, recovery in AI was significantly much more than in MI in cases of mitral and aortic insufficiencies together. In conclusion, ARF is a cause of acquired and preventable heart disease and it can be reversed through right diagnosis and appropriate treatment. Isolated mitral insufficiency, isolated aortic insufficiency and both mitral and aortic insufficiency are observed during a valvular disease. Remission among valvular diseases are most commonly in those with mitral insufficiency and remissions in both mitral and aortic insufficiency occur most commonly in aortic ones. Regular prophylaxis is the key element for long term prevention of patients with ARF.

  7. [Long-term follow up of patients surgically treated for pyelo-ureteral disease by the Anderson-Hynes technique]. (United States)

    Polito, M; Galosi, A B; Minardi, D; Nonni, M; Cinti, P; Riccardi, A


    A series of 48 patients with hydronephrosis (mean age 31 yrs.) underwent on Anderson-Hynes pyeloplasty. Assessment was carried out in 30 pts. after a mean observation time of 90 months, with a minimum 5 years follow-up. Clinical examination, laboratory investigations, renal ultrasonography, urography and renal scan were performed pre-operatively and at follow-up. There was one patient with evidence of stenosis in the ureteropelvic junction; one patient developed urinary leakage post-operatively and required surgical correction. All patients had symptoms pre-operatively and no one had symptoms post-operatively. Four patients had calcolosis associated, postoperatively all pts. were stone free; four years later one patient developed litiasis. We observed that the results of surgical intervention in hydronephrosis are excellent especially in patients aged less than 30 years.

  8. Long-term outcomes of exercise: follow-up of a randomized trial in older women with osteopenia. (United States)

    Korpelainen, Raija; Keinänen-Kiukaanniemi, Sirkka; Nieminen, Pentti; Heikkinen, Jorma; Väänänen, Kalervo; Korpelainen, Juha


    Long-term evidence from randomized trials of the effectiveness of exercise in preventing disability and fall-related fractures in elderly people has been lacking. We performed extended follow-up of 160 women (aged 70-73 years at baseline) with osteopenia in a population-based, randomized, controlled exercise trial. The trial was conducted from April 1 through April 30, 2001. Follow-up was conducted from May 1, 2001, through December 31, 2005. Mean total time in observation was 7.1 years. Primary outcome measures were femoral neck bone mineral density, postural sway, and leg strength. Secondary outcome measures were hospital-treated fractures and functional ability measures. Outcomes were measured annually using masked assessors. There was a significant difference between groups in favor of exercise in terms of postural sway (group × time interaction, P = .005), walking speed (group × time interaction, P training seem to have a long-term effect on balance and gait and may even protect high-risk elderly women from hip fractures. Identifier: NCT00655577.

  9. Predictors of relapse after discontinuation of long-term benzodiazepine use by minimal intervention: a 2-year follow-up study. (United States)

    Voshaar, Richard Oude; Gorgels, Wim; Mol, Audrey; van Balkom, Anton; Breteler, Marinus; van de Lisdonk, Eloy; Mulder, Jan; Zitman, Frans


    Long-term results of minimal intervention strategies to cut down benzodiazepine use are not available. To evaluate the relapse rate over a two-year period and to search for predictors of relapse among patients who quit benzodiazepine use after receiving a discontinuation letter. Baseline assessment and prospective monitoring of the medical records of 109 patients who quit long-term benzodiazepine use after a minimal intervention strategy in general practice. After 819 +/- 100 days of follow-up, 53 (49%) patients had remained completely abstinent. Two independent predictors of relapse were identified by Cox regression analysis: use of more than 10 mg diazepam equivalent (RR = 2.4 [1.2 - 4.7]) and poor general health perception (RR = 0.98 [0.97 - 0.99]). Short-term success rates after a minimal intervention were maintained well during long-term follow-up. High-dose users have the highest risk of relapse.

  10. Endoscopic biliary stenting for irretrievable common bile duct stones: Indications, advantages, disadvantages, and follow-up results. (United States)

    Yang, Jun; Peng, Jia-yuan; Chen, Wei


    The advantages of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) over open surgery have made it the predominant method of treating patients with choledocholithiasis. After sphincterotomy, however, 10%-15% of common bile duct (CBD) stones cannot be removed with a basket or balloon. Methods for managing "irretrievable stones" include surgery; mechanical, intraductal shock wave, and extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy; chemical dissolution; and biliary stenting. Endoscopic biliary stent insertion, which is frequently used in specific situations, has both advantages and disadvantages. To maximize the advantages and minimize the complications of biliary endoprosthesis, it is important to recognize its proper indications and to apply the technique in proper situations. We reviewed all publications cited in Pubmed and published through July 2011 on biliary endoprosthesis in patients with irretrievable CBD stones. We analyzed the indications, advantages, disadvantages, and long-term follow-up results of this technique. Despite the occurrence of related complications, such as cholangitis, endoscopic placement of an endoprosthesis may reduce stone size, allowing later clearance of unextractable stones. Permanent biliary stenting may be a definitive treatment in selected elderly patients who are poor candidates for surgery. Endoscopic biliary stenting remains a simple and safe method for patients with stones difficult to manage by conventional endoscopic methods and those patients unfit for surgery or at high surgical risks. Copyright © 2012 Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh (Scottish charity number SC005317) and Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. Histopathological Examination of Patients Operated on for a Neck Mass: 4-Year Follow-Up Results


    Mahmut ÖZKIRIŞ; Mehtap KALA


    Objective: To investigate the diagnostic distribution of neck masses treated surgically at our clinic and also to discuss the clinical presentation and histological finding of these pathologies.Material and Method: We retrospectively reviewed the records (age, sex, clinical presentation and histological findings) of 201 patients who presented at our clinic with neck masses between 2006 and 2010.Results: Of the 201 patients, 98 (48.75%) were classified as inflammatory masses, 67 (33.33%) as ne...

  12. Preventive AF ablation in patients with mitral valve lesion and left atrium enlargement: 3-month follow-up results

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    A. V. Bogachev-Prokophiev


    Full Text Available Aim. Persistence or appearance of atrial fibrillation (AF after mitral valve surgery significantly reduces the number of excellent and good results in the long-term period. AF leads to heart failure and pulmonary hypertension and increases the risk of thromboembolic events and stroke. Drug strategies for prevention of new-onset AF in the postoperative period are well developed, while invasive methods are still under development and clinical trials. This study aims to evaluate the safety and efficacy of surgical prevention of atrial fibrillation in patients with left atrium enlargement and mitral valve (MV lesion at 3-month follow-up.Methods. Forty patients operated in our clinic over a period of 2015–2017 were included in the study. All patients had MV lesion and left atrial dilatation greater than 60 mm. All patients had a sinus rhythm at the time of the operation and no documented AF in the history. The mean age of the patients was 48.9±10.1 (23-69 years. All patients had indications for mitral valve surgery and were randomized into two groups. The first group included patients who underwent a concomitant preventive ablation procedure (n = 20. The second group included patients with isolated MV surgery (n = 20. Complications and heart rhythm were evaluated within 3 months after surgery.Results. Patients who underwent preventive ablation within 3 months after the surgery did not differ significantly in the number of complications as compared with the control. In the group of patients with preventive ablation, a higher freedom from AF in comparison with the group of patients with isolated MV surgery was observed: 95 vs. 40%, respectively. Conclusion. Preventive atrial fibrillation ablation in patients with mitral valve lesion and left atrium enlargement is a safe and effective procedure. Preventive ablation reduces the risk of atrial fibrillation by 1.6 times within 3-month follow-up.Received 24 April 2017. Accepted 28 June 2017.Funding: The

  13. Mortality risk prediction by an insurance company and long-term follow-up of 62,000 men.

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    Eric J G Sijbrands

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Insurance companies use medical information to classify the mortality risk of applicants. Adding genetic tests to this assessment is currently being debated. This debate would be more meaningful, if results of present-day risk prediction were known. Therefore, we compared the predicted with the observed mortality of men who applied for life insurance, and determined the prognostic value of the risk assessment. METHODS: Long-term follow-up was available for 62,334 male applicants whose mortality risk was predicted with medical evaluation and they were assigned to five groups with increasing risk from 1 to 5. We calculated all cause standardized mortality ratios relative to the Dutch population and compared groups with Cox's regression. We compared the discriminative ability of risk assessments as indicated by a concordance index (c. RESULTS: In 844,815 person years we observed 3,433 deaths. The standardized mortality relative to the Dutch male population was 0.76 (95 percent confidence interval, 0.73 to 0.78. The standardized mortality ratios ranged from 0.54 in risk group 1 to 2.37 in group 5. A large number of risk factors and diseases were significantly associated with increased mortality. The algorithm of prediction was significantly, but only slightly better than summation of the number of disorders and risk factors (c-index, 0.64 versus 0.60, P<0.001. CONCLUSIONS: Men applying for insurance clearly had better survival relative to the general population. Readily available medical evaluation enabled accurate prediction of the mortality risk of large groups, but the deceased men could not have been identified with the applied prediction method.

  14. Patient outcome after surgical management of the spinal accessory nerve injury: A long-term follow-up study

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    Harry Göransson


    Full Text Available Objectives: A lesion in the spinal accessory nerve is typically iatrogenic: related to lymph node biopsy or excision. This injury may cause paralysis of the trapezius muscle and thus result in a characteristic group of symptoms and signs, including depression and winging of the scapula, drooped shoulder, reduced shoulder abduction, and pain. The elements evaluated in this long-term follow-up study include range of shoulder motion, pain, patients’ satisfaction, delay of surgery, surgical procedure, occupational status, functional outcome, and other clinical findings. Methods: We reviewed the medical records of a consecutive 37 patients (11 men and 26 women having surgery to correct spinal accessory nerve injury. Neurolysis was the procedure in 24 cases, direct nerve repair for 9 patients, and nerve grafting for 4. Time elapsed between the injury and the surgical operation ranged from 2 to 120 months. The patients were interviewed and clinically examined after an average of 10.2 years postoperatively. Results: The mean active range of movement of the shoulder improved at abduction 44° (43% in neurolysis, 59° (71% in direct nerve repair, and 30° (22% in nerve-grafting patients. No or only slight atrophy of the trapezius muscle was observable in 75%, 44%, and 50%, and no or controllable pain was observable in 63%, 56%, and 50%. Restriction of shoulder abduction preceded deterioration of shoulder flexion. Patients’ overall dissatisfaction with the state of their upper extremity was associated with pain, lower strength in shoulder movements, and occupational problems. Conclusion: We recommend avoiding unnecessary delay in the exploration of the spinal accessory nerve, if a neural lesion is suspected.

  15. Long-term follow-up of patients with difficult to treat type 1 autoimmune hepatitis on Tacrolimus therapy. (United States)

    Than, Nwe Ni; Wiegard, Christiane; Weiler-Normann, Christina; Füssel, Katja; Mann, Jake; Hodson, James; Hirschfield, Gideon M; Lohse, Ansgar W; Adams, David H; Schramm, Christoph; Oo, Ye Htun


    Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is an immune-mediated liver disease, which requires long-term immunosuppression. Ten to fifteen percent of patients experience insufficient/intolerance response to standard therapy. Although alternate immunosuppression has been applied, there is little long-term data reported on safety, efficacy, steroid-dose reduction and disease evolution in patients with difficult AIH who were on Tacrolimus therapy. Clinical, biochemical, immunological profiles, treatment response and side effects of 17 AIH patients treated with Tacrolimus between 2003 and 2014 were analyzed from two tertiary referral liver centers. Tacrolimus was started on 16/17 (94%) patients due to insufficient response to standard therapy. The median duration of treatment was 24 months and patients were followed up for median of 60 months. Tacrolimus dosage was 2 mg/day (median). During first year of therapy, there was a significant improvement in immunoglobulin G and Aspartate transaminase level. 9/17 (52%) compliant and definite AIH patients remained on Tacrolimus at end of follow-up and prednisolone dose reduction was achieved from 10 to 5 mg. All patients are alive and one patient underwent liver transplantation. 4/17 (24%) patients developed overlap with primary sclerosing cholangitis over follow-up period. No significant side effects were observed with Tacrolimus therapy. Tacrolimus could be used in compliant patients with difficult to treat AIH in experienced centers. Its use is safe and can improve liver biochemistry, IgG and reduce steroid requirement. However, due to the lack of immunomodulatory effect, unmet need for effective immune-regulatory therapies still remain for AIH patients.

  16. Transient Epileptic Amnesia over twenty years: Long-term follow-up of a case series with three detailed reports. (United States)

    Savage, Sharon A; Butler, Christopher R; Hodges, John R; Zeman, Adam Z


    Transient Epileptic Amnesia (TEA) is a form of adult onset temporal lobe epilepsy characterised by ictal amnesia. The amnesic seizures are often accompanied by interical memory disturbance, involving autobiographical amnesia and accelerated long-term forgetting. Short-term follow-up studies suggest a relatively stable cognitive profile once treated, but recent case reports raise concerns regarding the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD). The current study reports clinical and cognitive outcome in TEA patients over a 20-year period. A cohort of ten TEA patients first reported in 1998 were followed up at two time intervals, each 10 years apart. Information regarding clinical outcomes and subjective reports of memory functioning was gained via GP records and clinical interview. Objective memory function was determined at each time point via a comprehensive neuropsychological assessment, where possible. Information was obtained for nine of the original 10 participants. Over the 20-year period, 4 participants died, with no indication of dementia prior to death. One participant was diagnosed with Vascular Dementia. Seizures were generally well controlled. Subjective reports of memory varied, including no concerns, stable memory difficulties, and worsening memory. Neuropsychological assessment at 10 years showed stable performances across most measures. At the 20-year follow up, there was no evidence of a general cognitive decline. Participants showed stability on some measures, with reductions on others. Performance was not consistent with AD. No elevated risk of dementia was evident from this TEA series. Although memory difficulties persist over time, the prognosis of TEA appears generally benign. Copyright © 2016 British Epilepsy Association. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. Increased risk of ventricular tachycardia in patients with sarcoidosis during the very long term follow-up. (United States)

    Te, Abigail Louise D; Lin, Yenn-Jiang; Chen, Yun-Yu; Chung, Fa-Po; Chang, Shih-Lin; Lo, Li-Wei; Hu, Yu-Feng; Tuan, Ta-Chuan; Chao, Tze-Fan; Liao, Jo-Nan; Lin, Chin-Yu; Chang, Yao-Ting; Chien, Kuo-Liong; Chen, Shih-Ann


    Sarcoidosis is an important diagnostic consideration in patients with ventricular tachycardia (VT) of unknown origin. The clinical course of VT as the primary presentation in patients with sarcoidosis is mostly unknown. This study aimed to investigate the incidence of life-threatening VT and mortality during long term follow-up in patients with sarcoidosis. We analyzed the epidemiological features of sarcoidosis in Taiwan using the National Health Insurance Research Database from 2000 to 2004. Patients with sarcoidosis were identified, and healthy controls without prior histories of structural heart disease were matched with a 1:1 propensity-score to the sarcoidosis group. The risk of life-threatening VT and mortality with sarcoidosis was analyzed. A total of 2237 sarcoidosis cases were enrolled with a matching number of healthy controls, and the baseline characteristics between the two groups were similar. After a mean follow-up of 11.4±2.15years (IQR: 12, 11.3-12), the VT incidence in the sarcoidosis group was higher than in healthy controls (0.94% [85 per 100,000 person-year] in the sarcoidosis group, and 0.09% [8 per 100,000 person-year] in healthy controls). After a multivariate adjustment including the sex, age, and other comorbidities, the VT risk was still higher in the sarcoidosis group (hazard ratio: 12.7, 95% confidence interval: 2.82-56.9; PSarcoidosis may increase the predisposition to ventricular arrhythmias with a cumulative incidence of 0.94% during a very long term follow-up of nearly 10years from initially diagnosing sarcoidosis. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Long-term follow-up shows excellent transmural atrial lead performance in patients with complex congenital heart disease. (United States)

    Williams, Matthew R; Shepard, Suzanne M; Boramanand, Nicole K; Lamberti, John J; Perry, James C


    Many patients with congenital heart disease require permanent pacing for rhythm management but cannot undergo transvenous lead placement. In others, epicardial scarring prohibits adequate sensing and pacing thresholds using epicardial leads. This study describes long-term lead performance using a transmural atrial (epicardial to endocardial) pacing approach in patients with congenital heart disease. For transmural atrial (TMA) lead access, a bipolar, steroid-eluting transvenous lead was placed from the epicardium via purse-string incision or atriotomy and affixed to atrial endocardium. Records were reviewed for patient data and acute and long-term lead performance for TMA leads placed 1998 to 2004. Forty-two of 48 TMA leads remain active at last follow-up. Two leads fractured, 4 were functional at >5-year follow-up but no longer active. Freedom from lead failure 98% (95% confidence interval, 86%-100%) at mean follow-up 7.8 years. TMA leads gave excellent sensing and pacing characteristics at implant and chronically. Median acute and chronic sensing thresholds were 3 and 2.8 mV, respectively; median acute and chronic pacing thresholds at 0.5 ms were 0.9 and 0.7 V, respectively. TMA leads performed similarly in Fontan patients. Overdrive pacing for intra-atrial re-entrant tachycardia was successful in 7 of 8 patients. One patient with high baseline risk died of stroke 7 years after implant. No lead-associated thrombi were observed. TMA pacing leads had excellent longevity, initial, and chronic functional properties and provide an alternative to epicardial leads in patients with congenital heart disease. Patients who cannot receive transvenous leads, have epicardial scarring or have intra-atrial re-entrant tachycardia could benefit most from routine use of this technique. © 2014 American Heart Association, Inc.

  19. The Globular Clusters of the Galactic Bulge: Results from Multiwavelength Follow-up Imaging (United States)

    Cohen, Roger; Geisler, Doug; Mauro, Francesco; Alonso Garcia, Javier; Hempel, Maren; Sarajedini, Ata


    The Galactic globular clusters (GGCs) located towards the bulge of the Milky Way suffer from severe total and differential extinction and high field star densities. They have therefore been systematically excluded from deep, large-scale homogenous GGC surveys, and will present a challenge for Gaia. Meanwhile, existing observations of bulge GGCs have revealed tantalizing hints that they hold clues to Galactic formation and evolution not found elsewhere. Therefore, in order to better characterize these poorly studied stellar systems and place them in the context of their optically well-studied counterparts, we have undertaken imaging programs at optical and near-infrared wavelengths. We describe these programs and present a variety of results, including self-consistent measurement of bulge GGC ages and structural parameters. The limitations imposed by spatially variable extinction and extinction law are highlighted, along with the complimentary nature of forthcoming facilities, allowing us to finally complete our picture of the Milky Way GGC system.

  20. Changes in electromyographic results of patients with lumbar radiculopathy: a follow-up study. (United States)

    Forero, John Jairo; Ortiz-Corredor, Fernando; Díaz-Ruiz, Jorge; Lozano-Castillo, Alfonso; Mendoza-Pulido, Camilo


    To assess the neurophysiologic changes in a group of patients with lumbar radiculopathy 5 to 12 months after their first electromyographic examination. A prospective group of patients with a case definition of lumbar radiculopathy was reassessed between 5 and 12 months after their first clinical, functional, imaging, and neurophysiologic evaluation. Both the lumbar paraspinals (in which the mini-mapping technique was used) and the same lower limb muscles were explored in every patient. Relevant abnormalities were (1) positive sharp waves/fibrillation potentials, (2) polyphasic motor unit potentials, and (3) large-amplitude/long-duration motor unit potentials. Patients were sorted into 5 groups based on the type and distribution of neurophysiologic abnormalities: from 0 (no abnormalities) to 4 (denervation signs in 2 lower limb muscles and paraspinals). Patients' subjective perception of any improvement or worsening of their condition was also recorded. A referral center for neurophysiologic evaluation. A consecutive sample of patients (N=91) with a clinical definition of lumbar radiculopathy (lumbar pain radiating down the leg and below the knee) referred for neurophysiologic assessment was selected for an initial clinical, functional, and neurophysiologic evaluation. Patients were called for a second evaluation (between 5 and 12mo). Thirty-eight (42% of the initial sample) were willing/eligible for the second evaluation. Not applicable. Changes in (1) electromyographic results; (2) patients' subjective perception of pain; and (3) quality of life, based on the Roland-Morris Questionnaire and Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey scores. Paraspinal muscles were most frequently affected. Neurophysiologic abnormalities had improved on reassessment. Clinical improvement was more significant for those patients with initially abnormal electromyographic results. There was clinical as well as electromyographic improvement in patients with lumbar

  1. Treatment and follow up results of patients with monosymptomatic enuresis nocturna

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    Mehmet Sezai Oğraş


    Full Text Available Objective: To evaluate the treatment results of patientswith monosymptomatic enuresis nocturna.Methods: 97 patients with monosymptomatic enuresisnocturna were included. First, motivation and behavioraltreatment have been applied to the patients for 3 months.60-120 mcg desmopressin has been applied to 79 patientswho did not want to continue to the motivation andbehavioral treatment or who did not have benefit from motivationand behavioral treatment or whose disease haverelapsed. It is accepted as “full response” if the numberof wetting decreases 90-100%, “middle response” decreases50-90%, “failed response” decreases less than50%. Treatment and relapse rates were evaluated basedon the response to therapy at the time of controls.Results: Mean age of the patients was 7.75±1.96 (5-12years. 20 of 97 (21% patients who have taken motivationand behavioral treatment have been cured. Two (%10of these patients’ diseases have relapsed. Desmopressinhas been applied to79 patients who did not have benefitfrom motivation and behavioral treatment or whosediseases have relapsed. Full dryness has been providedin 36 (46% patients who have taken desmopressin andcame to the control visit. “Middle response” has been obtainedin 22 (28% patients. “Failed response” has beenobtained in 21 (26% patients. Relapse has been seen incase of quitting desmopressin in 35 (60% patients whohave benefit from desmopressin.Conclusion: Although, Desmopressin is the most preferredmethod in monosymptomatic enuresis nocturna,because of easy usage and fast response, relapse ratio ishigh following discontinuation of the drug.Key words: Monosymptomatic enuresis nocturna, desmopressin,treatment

  2. [Results of polyurethane implant for persistent knee pain after partial meniscectomy with a minimum of two years follow-up]. (United States)

    Martín-Hernández, C; Ranera-García, M; Díaz-Martínez, J V; Muniesa-Herrero, M P; Floría-Arnal, L J; Osca-Guadalajara, M; García-Aguilera, D


    To present the results of a polyurethane meniscal scaffold implant in 10 patients with persistent pain after meniscectomy. Prospective, descriptive study of ten patients who underwent arthroscopic implantation of a polyurethane meniscal scaffold. Functional, MRI, and radiography assessment was performed pre-operatively and at 6-months, 1-year, and a final follow-up at a minimum of two years. Clinical evaluation included Lysholm score, KOOS and VAS. The MRI morphology and signal intensity of the implant were evaluated according to the criteria of Genovese et al. Statistically significant differences were found between the mean Lysholm score before surgery (63.5 points), and that at 6 months (76.8 points) (p=.001), one year (83.3 points) (p<.001) and final follow-up (84.4 points) (p<.001). KOOS showed significant differences between before surgery (64.23 points), 6 months (73.66 points) (p=.001), one year (81.39 points) (p<.001) and final follow-up (83.34 points) (p<.001). The mean values for VAS were 5.7 points in the pre-operative evaluation, 3.6 points at 6 months-follow-up (p<.001), 1.9 points at one year (p<.001), and 1.9 points at final follow-up (p<.001). Radiology showed degenerative changes in one case. In MRI, the size of the implant and the intensity of the MRI signal gradually decreased, but it never changed to that of a normal meniscus. A significant improvement was found in all the clinical parameters 24 months after the surgery, except in one patient who underwent furher surgery. The scaffold reduced its size and but never achieved an MRI image similar to that of a normal meniscus. The procedure proved to be safe and useful for the treatment of persistent pain after meniscectomy. Copyright © 2014 SECOT. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  3. Patent foramen ovale closure following cryptogenic stroke or transient ischaemic attack: Long-term follow-up of 301 cases. (United States)

    Mirzaali, Mikaeil; Dooley, Maureen; Wynne, Dylan; Cooter, Nina; Lee, Lorraine; Haworth, Peter; Saha, Romi; Gainsborough, Nicola; Hildick-Smith, David


    Patent foramen ovale has been identified as a conduit for paradoxical embolism resulting in cryptogenic stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA). We aimed to establish rates of death, recurrent stroke or TIA among patients undergoing PFO closure for stroke or TIA at our unit. A retrospective analysis of all PFO closure patients was performed between May 2004 and January 2013. Follow up was performed by mortality tracing using the Medical Research Information Service of the Office of National Statistics. With regard to stroke or TIA recurrence, written consent forms and questionnaires were mailed with follow up telephone calls. Medical notes and imaging records were consulted where adverse events were noted. 301 patients aged 48.6 ± 11.0 years, 54.4% male, with ≥1 thromboembolic neurovascular event had percutaneous PFO closure with one of eight devices, with successful implantation in 99% of cases. Follow-up duration was 40.2 ± 26.2 months (range 1.3-105.3); complete in 301 patients for mortality (100%) and 283 patients (94.0%) for neurovascular events. Two patients died during follow-up (respiratory failure n = 1; road traffic accident n = 1). Recurrent stroke (MRI or CT confirmed) was observed in five patients (0.5%; 0.55 per 100 person-years) and TIA in 9 (1.1%; 0.98 per 100 person-years). Atrial fibrillation requiring treatment was documented in 14 patients (1.7%). Percutaneous PFO closure in patients with cryptogenic stroke or TIA is a safe treatment with a low incidence of procedural complications and recurrent neurovascular events. Registry data like these may help to demonstrate the utility of PFO closure in stroke. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  4. Transcatheter embolization of abdominal aortic endograft endoleaks using onyx and coils: mid-term imaging follow-up

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ford CA


    Full Text Available Christopher A Ford, Benjamin B Lange, Christopher S Morris Department of Radiology, University of Vermont Health Network, University of Vermont Medical Center, Burlington, VT, USA Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer (Onyx with or without coils in treatment of type II endoleaks associated with abdominal aortic endografts. Materials and methods: The medical records of 14 patients (12 men and 2 women, mean age 73 years with type II endoleaks associated with abdominal aortic endografts, and treated with Onyx, with or without coils, were reviewed. These patients underwent 19 type II endoleak embolization procedures. Time to follow up computed tomography angiogram (CTA, initial and follow-up aneurysm sac characteristics, embolization access technique, use of coils, volume and type of Onyx used, and complications were recorded. Results: Mean procedure time was 124 minutes (range, 51–237 minutes, and mean volume of Onyx used per procedure was 2.1 cc (range, 1.5–3. Mean follow-up time between initial and final CTA was 19.9 months (range, 0.5–64.4. After one or more treatments, follow-up imaging documented complete occlusion of the endoleaks in 10 of 14 patients. Mean sac size decreased by an average of 0.3 cm in those with successful embolization and increased by an average of 0.4 cm in those with failed embolization. One major complication (infection, 5.2% occurred before adding prophylactic antibiotics to our protocol. No significant inadvertent embolization occurred. Conclusion: This study contributes to the growing body of data regarding safety and efficacy of treating type II endoleaks using Onyx. Potential benefits are both technical and economic. As we found advantages with the use of Onyx, additional studies are warranted. Keywords: endoleak, onyx, embolization

  5. Result of 1.5a follow-up for epidemiology of diabetic retinopathy in community

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jing-Yang Wu


    Full Text Available AIM: To investigate the prevalence rate and risk factors of diabetic retinopathy(DRin type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DMin Fengyutan community in Shenyang.METHODS: Totally 457 community residents with T2DM were selected in 2011. Ninety-two of these people accepted the reexamination in 2013. Besides, there were 312 residents with T2DM joined in the study in the same year. Basic condition and life style were investigated, and diabetic retinopathy screening were performed. Logistic multiple regression was used to analyze related risk factors.RESULTS: The prevalence of DR were 15.8% and 41.2% in 2011 and 2013 respectively in the community. Compared with NDR group, age, family history of DM, duration of DM, fasting blood-glucose(FBG, 2h post-meal blood glucose(2hPG, hemoglobin A1c(HbA1c, total cholesterol(TC, serum creatinine(Scr, systolic blood pressure(SBP, high- and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol(HDL-C, LDL-Cwere statistically significant(PCONCLUSION: The prevalence of DR in Fengyutan community was much higher than the other studies in northern China. It was primarily concerned with long duration of DM, poor glycemic control, inadequate concern with or even neglect of DM and the related oculopathy, hypertension and hyperlipidemia and so on.

  6. Voice characteristics, effects of voice therapy, and long-term follow-up of contact granuloma patients. (United States)

    Ylitalo, R; Hammarberg, B


    This study evaluates the laryngoscopic findings and voice characteristics of male contact granuloma patients before and after voice therapy and at a follow-up about 9 years later. Pre- and posttherapy recordings as well as follow-up recordings were made for 19 granuloma patients. Pretherapy revealed the most salient perceptual voice characteristics were low pitch, monotony, and a high degree of vocal fry and hyperfunction. Interjudge reliability for these traits was high. Immediately following therapy the healed patients (n = 10) had a decrease in hyperfunction, vocal fry, and monotony, while the unhealed patients (n = 9) had an increase in hyperfunction and vocal fry decreased only marginally. Monotony decreased significantly in this group. As regards the acoustic analyses, no significant differences were found in mean fundamental frequency (F0) or perturbation. At the follow-up assessment 4 patients had granuloma while 15 had normal laryngeal status. Perceptually their voice characteristics resembled those pretherapy independently of the laryngeal findings. The results suggest that reduced hyperfunction and decreased vocal fry may create better circumstances for the healing process at the posterior glottis.

  7. Long-term increased risk of unemployment after young stroke: a long-term follow-up study. (United States)

    Maaijwee, Noortje A M M; Rutten-Jacobs, Loes C A; Arntz, Renate M; Schaapsmeerders, Pauline; Schoonderwaldt, Hennie C; van Dijk, Ewoud J; de Leeuw, Frank-Erik


    To investigate the prevalence, excess risk, and risk factors of unemployment in patients after a TIA, ischemic stroke, or intracerebral hemorrhage at ages 18 through 50 years, compared with nationwide controls. We performed a hospital-based cohort study among 694 patients, aged 18-50 years, with a first-ever TIA, ischemic stroke, or intracerebral hemorrhage. After a mean follow-up duration of 8.1 (SD 7.7) years, we used logistic regression analysis to calculate odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) for being unemployed as a young stroke patient, compared with the Dutch population of vocational age (n = 7,803,000), with subsequent assessment of risk factors of unemployment. Young stroke patients had a higher risk of being unemployed than their peers in the Dutch population: women OR 2.3 (1.8-2.9), men OR 3.2 (2.5-4.0). A higher NIH Stroke Scale score at admission (OR 1.1 [95% CI 1.0-1.1]) and a longer follow-up duration (middle tertile OR 2.8 [95% CI 1.7-4.7], upper tertile OR 3.4 [95% CI 1.9-6.1]) were associated with a higher risk of being unemployed. Young stroke patients had a 2-3 times higher risk of unemployment after 8 years of follow-up. Return-to-work programs should be developed, adjusted, and evaluated in order to diminish the negative effects that unemployment can have on patients' life satisfaction and to limit the socioeconomic consequences. © 2014 American Academy of Neurology.

  8. BAHA results in children at one year follow-up: a prospective longitudinal study. (United States)

    Saliba, Issam; Woods, Owen; Caron, Chantal


    To evaluate audiometric and clinical results of children fitted with a bone-anchored hearing aid with specific emphasis on speech discrimination in different sound environments after one year of use. We performed a prospective longitudinal study. Seventeen patients between the ages of 5 and 18 years old were included. All patients underwent a complete tonal and vocal evaluation at four pre-determined intervals between the pre-operative period and one-year of bone-anchored hearing aid (BAHA) use. Basic pure-tone average and speech reception threshold were measured in different sound environments. Speech discrimination improvement was tested with the voice originating from the side of the BAHA-fitted ear and with the voice originating from a source directly in front of the patient. These measures were repeated with confounding noise facing the patient then from the side of the affected ear. All tonal and vocal evaluations were performed pre-operatively, the day of processor insertion, 6 months and 12 months after processor insertion. A variance analysis was performed to compare differences in hearing gain with BAHA over time. Hearing gain with BAHA was clinically and statistically significant at all intervals. Conventional tonal evaluation revealed significantly improved hearing gain after BAHA insertion compared with pre-operative testing with BAHA (26.3 dB vs. 17.3 dB), and this improvement was maintained at one year (27.9 dB). Speech discrimination gain at one year was better than immediately post-insertion (21.9% vs. 11.7%). Maximal gain with BAHA was found with the voice originating from the side of the affected ear and with confounding noise facing the patient (27.1% at one year), whereas the least gain was found in a silent room with the voice coming from straight ahead (11.9% at one year). Pure-tone average gain at one year post-insertion was similar to immediate post-insertion gain. BAHA aids speech discrimination most when the voice originates from the side

  9. Mortality risk prediction by an insurance company and long-term follow-up of 62,000 men. (United States)

    Sijbrands, Eric J G; Tornij, Erik; Homsma, Sietske J


    Insurance companies use medical information to classify the mortality risk of applicants. Adding genetic tests to this assessment is currently being debated. This debate would be more meaningful, if results of present-day risk prediction were known. Therefore, we compared the predicted with the observed mortality of men who applied for life insurance, and determined the prognostic value of the risk assessment. Long-term follow-up was available for 62,334 male applicants whose mortality risk was predicted with medical evaluation and they were assigned to five groups with increasing risk from 1 to 5. We calculated all cause standardized mortality ratios relative to the Dutch population and compared groups with Cox's regression. We compared the discriminative ability of risk assessments as indicated by a concordance index (c). In 844,815 person years we observed 3,433 deaths. The standardized mortality relative to the Dutch male population was 0.76 (95 percent confidence interval, 0.73 to 0.78). The standardized mortality ratios ranged from 0.54 in risk group 1 to 2.37 in group 5. A large number of risk factors and diseases were significantly associated with increased mortality. The algorithm of prediction was significantly, but only slightly better than summation of the number of disorders and risk factors (c-index, 0.64 versus 0.60, Psurvival relative to the general population. Readily available medical evaluation enabled accurate prediction of the mortality risk of large groups, but the deceased men could not have been identified with the applied prediction method.

  10. Stigma and quality of life at long-term follow-up after surgery for epilepsy in Uganda. (United States)

    Fletcher, Anita; Sims-Williams, Helen; Wabulya, Angela; Boling, Warren


    Epilepsy is a worldwide health problem with a 10-fold greater prevalence in the developing world. Commonly, the seizure focus is in the temporal lobe, and seizures in about 30% of people with epilepsy are intractable to medication. For these individuals, surgery for intractable temporal lobe epilepsy (iTLE) is more effective than medication alone and may be the only option for cure. Intractable temporal lobe epilepsy is associated with elevated morbidity and mortality, reduced quality of life (QOL), and associated stigma particularly occurring in the developing world. Individuals with intractable epilepsy who participated in an earlier Uganda pilot study were selected for the current study based on their undergoing previous surgery for iTLE or having comparable seizure type who did not have surgery. At long-term follow-up, 10 who underwent surgery for iTLE in addition to 9 patients with focal dyscognitive type epilepsy who did not have surgery were evaluated in the current study. Tests were administered to look at various outcome parameters: seizure severity, QOL, stigma, and self-esteem. Stigma and self-esteem were additionally evaluated in the parent/caregiver. Seventy-percent of surgical resection patients were seizure-free at 8 years postsurgery. The QOLIE-31 scores were higher in surgical patients. Child/patient and parent/proxy surveys identified lower stigma in seizure-free patients. The results suggest that surgery for iTLE is an effective treatment for epilepsy in the developing world and provides an opportunity to reduce stigma and improve QOL. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Long-term follow-up of cognitive functions in patients with continuous spike-waves during sleep (CSWS). (United States)

    Maltoni, Lucia; Posar, Annio; Parmeggiani, Antonia


    Continuous spike-waves during sleep (CSWS) are associated with several cognitive, neurological, and psychiatric disorders, which sometimes persist after CSWS disappearance. The purpose of this retrospective study was to investigate the correlation between general (clinical and instrumental) and neuropsychological findings in CSWS, to identify variables that predispose patients to a poorer long-term neuropsychological outcome. Patients with spikes and waves during sleep with a frequency ≥25/min (spikes and waves frequency index - SWFI) were enrolled. There were patients presenting abnormal EEG activity corresponding to the classic CSWS and patients with paroxysmal abnormalities during sleep sleep (ESWS). Clinical and instrumental features and neuropsychological findings during and after the spike and wave active phase period were considered. A statistical analysis was performed utilizing the Spearman correlation test and multivariate analysis. The study included 61 patients; the mean follow-up (i.e., the period between SWFI ≥25 first recording and last observation) was 7years and 4months. The SWFI correlated inversely with full and performance IQ during CSWS/ESWS. Longer-lasting SWFI ≥25 was related to worse results in verbal IQ and performance IQ after CSWS/ESWS disappearance. Other variables may influence the neuropsychological outcome, like age at SWFI ≥25 first recording, perinatal distress, pathologic neurologic examination, and antiepileptic drug resistance. This confirms that CSWS/ESWS are a complex pathology and that many variables contribute to its outcome. The SWFI value above all during CSWS/ESWS and long-lasting SWFI ≥25 after CSWS/ESWS disappearance are the most significant indexes that appear mostly to determine cognitive evolution. This finding underscores the importance of EEG recordings during sleep in children with a developmental disorder, even if seizures are not reported, as well as the importance of using therapy with an early

  12. Long-term follow-up of fertility and pregnancy in autoimmune diseases after autologous haematopoietic stem cell transplantation. (United States)

    Massenkeil, G; Alexander, T; Rosen, O; Dörken, B; Burmester, G; Radbruch, A; Hiepe, F; Arnold, R


    Issues of fertility and pregnancy require special attention in the long-term care of patients with autoimmune diseases (AD), who are candidates for haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). In this single-centre observational study, we report fertility status and pregnancy outcomes in 15 patients (11 female and 4 male) after immunoablation with cyclophosphamide, antithymocyte globulin and autologous CD34(+)-selected HSCT for severe, refractory AD. The median follow-up after HSCT was 12 years (range 2-16 years). Impaired fertility was observed in six patients (five females and one male) before HSCT based on sexual hormone measurements. Higher age and cumulative cyclophosphamide dosage before HSCT correlated with fertility impairment. Median serum level of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) was significantly higher in female patients at 1 year after HSCT compared to baseline values, but premature ovarian failure developed in only one patient. Four women had five pregnancies and six healthy offsprings during follow-up, and no miscarriages were observed. The mothers were in treatment-free remissions during conception. No peripartal flare of their AD occurred. Although AD patients undergoing HSCT are at risk of developing infertility, pre-HSCT treatment and patients' age seem to have higher impact on long-term fertility status than HSCT itself. HSCT offers the opportunity to conceive during treatment-free remissions with favourable pregnancy outcomes.

  13. Preliminary long-term follow-up of Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy-induced remission of depression. (United States)

    Munshi, Krishna; Eisendrath, Stuart; Delucchi, Kevin


    Major depressive disorder (MDD) is often chronic and characterized by relapse and recurrence despite successful treatments to induce remission. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) was developed as a means of preventing relapse for individuals in remission using cognitive interventions. In addition, MBCT has preliminarily been found to be useful in treating active depression. This current investigation is unique in evaluating the long-term outcome of individuals with active depression who achieved remission with MBCT. 18 participants who achieved remission after an 8-week MBCT group were seen for evaluation at a mean follow-up interval of 48.7 months (SD=10.2) after completing treatment. The current study shows that in these participants, the gains achieved after the initial treatment including remission of depression, decreased rumination, decreased anxiety, and increased mindfulness continued for up to 58.9 months of follow-up. The data suggests that all levels of depression from less recurrent and mild to more recurrent and severe were responsive to MBCT. The average number of minutes per week of continued practice in our cohort was 210, but the number of minutes of practice did not correlate with depression outcomes. MBCT's effects may be more related to regularity of pra