Chern–Simons theory in SIM(1) superspace
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Vohánka, Jiří; Faizal, Mir
2015-01-01
In this paper, we will analyze a three-dimensional supersymmetric Chern–Simons theory in SIM(1) superspace formalism. The breaking of the Lorentz symmetry down to the SIM(1) symmetry breaks half the supersymmetry of the Lorentz invariant theory. So, the supersymmetry of the Lorentz invariant Chern–Simons theory with N=1 supersymmetry will break down to N=1/2 supersymmetry, when the Lorentz symmetry is broken down to the SIM(1) symmetry. First, we will write the Chern–Simons action using SIM(1) projections of N=1 superfields. However, as the SIM(1) transformations of these projections are very complicated, we will define SIM(1) superfields which transform simply under SIM(1) transformations. We will then express the Chern–Simons action using these SIM(1) superfields. Furthermore, we will analyze the gauge symmetry of this Chern–Simons theory. This is the first time that a Chern–Simons theory with N=1/2 supersymmetry will be constructed on a manifold without a boundary
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Villarías-Robles, Juan J. R.
2016-06-01
Full Text Available U. S. anthropologist Terence S. Turner died in November, 2015, after a long and intense life devoted to studying the indigenous peoples of Brazil and Amazonia, especially the Kayapó. He was as keen to reconstruct their culture prior to contact with the Portuguese and later Brazilian frontier, as he was to monitor the transformation process that such contact stimulated. In the early 2000s, he was actively involved in the controversy triggered by Patrick Tierney’s Darkness in El Dorado: How Scientists and Journalists Devastated the Amazon, which dealt with the negative impact on the Yanomami of certain forms of scientific research conducted in the West.El antropólogo estadounidense Terence S. Turner falleció en noviembre de 2015, dejando tras de sí una larga e intensa vida dedicada a la investigación sobre los pueblos originarios del Brasil y la Amazonía, en particular sobre los Cayapó. Le interesó tanto la reconstrucción de su cultura anterior al contacto con la frontera portuguesa y luego brasileña como el proceso de transformación que este contacto estimuló. En los primeros años de la década de 2000 participó activamente en la controversia desencadenada por la publicación del libro Darkness in El Dorado: How Scientists and Journalists Devastated the Amazon, de Patrick Tierney, acerca del impacto negativo sobre los Yanomami de ciertas formas de investigación científica practicadas en Occidente.
The History of Ethics (and Natural Law by Terence Irwin
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Rafael Ramis Barceló
2013-11-01
Full Text Available This Review-Article tries to explain and contextualize the magnificent The Development of Ethics by Terence Irwin. It is a historiographical achievement in History of Ethics and this paper tries to present it to Spanish scholars. It is also a discussion of the main points of this work
Terence's animus: An Analysis of Its Semantic Field
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Janja Žmavc
2002-12-01
Full Text Available Terence's plays are distinguished by their psychologically convincing and insightful portrayals of character, which result from the author's investigation into human mentality. Mentality in its broadest sense is referred to in Latin by the noun animus, which holds a very important place in Terence's Andria. The frequency and variety of its occurrences are evidently due to the author's effort to show the attitudes and frames of mind of his characters as clearly as possible, the emphasis being on characters in love. The lexical meaning of the noun animus can be divided in to three semantic subfields, which denote three different mental capacities: the capacity for thought, emotion, and will. An analysis of its occurrences reveals that the actual value of the noun is determined by its sentential role and contextual complements, which provide an insight in to its characteristics. Terence's concept of human mentality can thus be explored and defined merely by means of grammatical interpretation, the core of this mentality being represented by the noun animus as the centre of consciousness and emotion. It represents a spatial concept, namely a kind of space in a human being, which, although inactive by itself, is the source of all mental and emotional processes, by which every conscious or unconscious action is determined. Everything that Terence's characters think, feel or want is born in their animus. They are undoubtedly aware of this fact, since their endeavours to influence their own emotions or thoughts are always directed towards the spot where they originate. In this light should be understood also Terence's concept of love, which displays no characteristics of an unknown outside force, but is merely a particular frame of mind, a feeling, one of many that are born in the animus. (This is new version of the summary that was published in Keria 5/1/2003
Hassett, Brendan; Tschinkel, Yuri
2017-01-01
Based on the Simons Symposia held in 2015, the proceedings in this volume focus on rational curves on higher-dimensional algebraic varieties and applications of the theory of curves to arithmetic problems. There has been significant progress in this field with major new results, which have given new impetus to the study of rational curves and spaces of rational curves on K3 surfaces and their higher-dimensional generalizations. One main recent insight the book covers is the idea that the geometry of rational curves is tightly coupled to properties of derived categories of sheaves on K3 surfaces. The implementation of this idea led to proofs of long-standing conjectures concerning birational properties of holomorphic symplectic varieties, which in turn should yield new theorems in arithmetic. This proceedings volume covers these new insights in detail. .
Designing TEL products for poor comprehenders: evidences from the evaluation of TERENCE
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Maria Rosita Cecilia
2015-02-01
Full Text Available Developing the capabilities to read and comprehend texts is fundamental for the development of children and for their full participation in society. The FP7 European project TERENCE faced the problem of poor text comprehenders and created the first adaptive learning system for text comprehension for primary school children. The paper, after a brief introduction to the research problem behind TERENCE and an overview of the system, reports on the findings of four round of evaluations aimed at assessing both the usability and the psycho-pedagogical effectiveness of the system, and report them as hints useful for researchers and designers.
'And end history. And go to the stars': Terence McKenna and 2012
Hanegraaff, W.J.; Cusack, C.M.; Hartney, C.
2010-01-01
Terence McKenna (1946-2000) was a central fi gure in the underground New Age culture mostly referred to as ‘psychedelic shamanism’. In a book published together with his brother Dennis (! e Invisible Landscape, 1975) he developed a grand macrohistorical theory called the ‘Eschaton Timewave’, which
Kukk, Jaak, 1904-2001
1992-01-01
Aleksander Simon õppis veterinaariat, kuid ei lõpetanud, korporatsiooni astus kohe selle asutamisel ja Jaak Kukk oli tema akadeemiline kasuisa, kellele anti teada, et 1944. a Saksamaale rännanud A. Simon üritas 1946 salaja Rootsi põgeneda
Heukelom, F.
2007-01-01
This paper provides an overview of the work of Herbert Simon and his ideas about rational decision making. By his own standards, Simon is an economist who works in the tradition of Adam Smith and Alfred Marshall. The central theme in Simon’s research is how human beings organize themselves in
Levin, Simon, 1928-2008
1987-01-01
Simon Levini seletus Eesti NSV Ülemkohtu Kriminaalasjade kohtukolleegiumi istungil 24. juunil 1982. aastal. Vastav seletus pälvis Eesti NSV advokaatide kohtukõnede konkursil esimese preemia kriminaalasjades peetud kõnede hulgas. Lisatud selgitused kohtuasjale
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Fabiana de Souza Fredrigo
2009-01-01
Full Text Available Simón Bolívar, uma das lideranças mais importantes das independências na América do Sul de colonização espanhola, deixou um epistolário com 2815 cartas. Ao partir do propósito em expor o projeto narrativo epistolar, um dos temas de destaque, no decorrer da leitura, foi o da renúncia do general. As diversas solicitações de renúncia ao cargo administrativo e as justificativas que as acompanhavam levaram-me à análise do que denominei por memória da indispensabilidade. Depois da investigação desse discurso no epistolário, as relações com a literatura e a biografia foram fundamentais para ampliar a compreensão acerca da composição dessa memória da indispensabilidade nas epístolas. Para este artigo, pretende-se cotejar as cartas de Simón Bolívar e o romance de Gabriel García Márquez, O General em seu labirinto. A hipótese é a de que o texto literário, além de usar o epistolário bolivariano para construir seu personagem e a cena romanesca, acrescenta possibilidades explicativas sobre o projeto de memória conduzido pela escrita de cartas, na mesma medida em que reforça o culto ao general Libertador.Simon Bolivar, one of the most important South American leaders of independence within the areas of Spanish colonialism in South America, left behind an epistolary of 2815 letters. Our proposal starts off with the display of the narrative epistolary project and soon encounters one of its highlights in the course of the reading, which is the general's own resignation. The several requests of resignation from his administrative position, and the justifications that followed them had taken me to the analysis of what I called the memory of the indispensability. After investigating this speech in the epistolary, the relationship between literature and the biography had been fundamental in improving our understanding of the substance of this memory of the indispensability in the epistles. This article intends to compare Simon
Floris Heukelom
2007-01-01
This paper provides an overview of the work of Herbert Simon and his ideas about rational decision making. By his own standards, Simon is an economist who works in the tradition of Adam Smith and Alfred Marshall. The central theme in Simon’s research is how human beings organize themselves in different structures of distributed decision making in order to achieve a degree of rationality that is higher than which can be attained by the individual. In this realm his main preoccupation are hiera...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Foss, Kirsten; Foss, Nicolai Juul
2006-01-01
as a general approach to problem solving. We apply these Simonian ideas to organisational issues, specifically new organisational forms. Specifically, Simonian ideas allow us to develop a morphology of new organisational forms and to point to some design problems that characterise these forms.......Two of Herbert Simon's best-known papers are 'The Architecture of Complexity' and 'The Structure of Ill-Structured Problems.' We discuss the neglected links between these two papers, highlighting the role of decomposition in the context of problems on which constraints have been imposed...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Matthieu Noucher
2014-07-01
Full Text Available Simon Chignard est l’auteur de « L’open data, comprendre l’ouverture des données publiques » (FYP éditions, mars 2012. Dans ce livre il propose des repères pour replacer l’open data dans le contexte français et comprendre les enjeux et les limites de l’ouverture des données publiques. Il a participé dès 2010 à l’animation de l’ouverture des données publiques de Rennes Métropole, territoire pionnier en France. Consultant et formateur indépendant, il est à titre bénévole président de l’association Bug (innovation sociale et numérique et vice-président de la Cantine numérique rennaise. Il anime le blog : http://donneesouvertes.info/
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Sasha MULLALLY
2018-01-01
Full Text Available Responding to rural poverty associated with the declining fishery, the rise of industrial capitalism, and the impact of the Great Depression, the Sisters of Charity, Halifax, implemented a vocational training program in weaving and carpentry in the small community of Terence Bay, Nova Scotia in 1938. Senator William Dennis, a proponent of the New Democracy Movement, financed the program. Because the Sisters based their claims to success on observed behavioural changes among the residents of Terence Bay, the program can be seen as an example of liberal therapeutics in education, a model that placed emphasis on achieving social goals rather than transferring discrete skills and capacities to pupils. Focusing on the years 1938-43, this paper outlines the rehabilitation efforts at Terence Bay, describes the programs the Sisters implemented, and evaluates the definitions of success ascribed to their training school just a few years later.
Filosoofiahuvilised valmistusid Simon Blackburni tulekuks
2009-01-01
Filosoofiahuviliste seminarist juunikuus Peipsi ääres. Üritusel valmistuti Cambridge'i ülikooli professori Simon Blackburni külalisloenguteks s. a. septembris ja tutvustati analüütilist filosoofiat
2011-01-01
Daniel Simon, PS Division Leader from 1994 to 1999, died on 2 June, 2011, at the age of 74, in Nancy. CERN owes him for a great number of contributions to the experimental areas around the PS and the existence of the Antiproton Decelerator (AD). Daniel came to CERN in 1962 from the University of Nancy. He first worked in the Nuclear Physics Apparatus (NPA) Division on the electrostatic separators for the secondary beams at the PS, a subject he also chose for his thesis. Then, as a member of the PS-Division, he designed a variety of beam lines, including those providing protons and antiprotons to ICE, the decisive experiment for CERN to launch the antiproton project, based on stochastic cooling. His contributions to the initial layout and further evolution of the experimental areas of LEAR were essential for the success of the LEAR programme. He subsequently drove the decision and worked on the conversion of LEAR into LEIR for the provision of lead-ions to the LHC. He was one of the leaders of t...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Durand, D.; Lopez, O.; Nguyen, A.D.
1997-01-01
The utilization and development of SIMON generator work was conducted at LPC.This generator was conceived for simple and versatile simulations of different processes occurring in the nuclear collisions at Fermi Energies. At present it is utilized in a large number of French foreign laboratories. Particularly, certain analyses of INDRA data have been done by use of this generator: estimation of collective energy in the Xe + Sn and Gd + U central collisions; shape and space-time correlation analysis in fragment-fragment and particle-fragment output of the same system; calorimetric study of the Xe + Sn and Ar + Ni system; study of the vaporization for the Ar + Ni system. Recently a number of items were improved or modified, among which: the initial configuration was allowed to be non-spherical what permits the analysis of the semi-central collisions; a so-called pre-fragmentation emission may be included to estimate different time constants implied in the fragmentation process
Research on nitrogen implantation energy dependence of the properties of SIMON materials
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Zhang, E.X.; Sun, J.Y.; Chen, J.; Chen, M.; Zhang, Zh.X.; Li, N.; Zhang, G.Q.; Wang, X.
2006-01-01
With different implantation energies, nitrogen ions were implanted into SIMOX wafers in our work. And then the wafers were subsequently annealed to form separated by implantation of oxygen and nitrogen (SIMON) wafers. Secondary ion mass spectroscopy (SIMS) was used to observe the distribution of nitrogen and oxygen in the wafers. The result of electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) was suggested by the dandling bonds densities in the wafers changed with N ions implantation energies. SIMON-based SIS capacitors were made. The results of the C-V test confirmed that the energy of nitrogen implantation affects the properties of the wafers, and the optimum implantation energy was determined
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
2017-11-06
ImagingSIMS is an open source application for loading, processing, manipulating and visualizing secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) data. At PNNL, a separate branch has been further developed to incorporate application specific features for dynamic SIMS data sets. These include loading CAMECA IMS-1280, NanoSIMS and modified IMS-4f raw data, creating isotopic ratio images and stitching together images from adjacent interrogation regions. In addition to other modifications of the parent open source version, this version is equipped with a point-by-point image registration tool to assist with streamlining the image fusion process.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Foss, Kirsten; Foss, Nicolai Juul
as a general approach to problem solving. We apply these Simonian ideas to organizational issues, specifically new organizational forms. Specifically, Simonian ideas allow us to develop a morphology of new organizational forms and to point to some design problems that characterize these forms.Keywords: Herbert...... Simon, problem-solving, new organizational forms. JEL Code: D23, D83......Two of Herbert Simon's best-known papers are "The Architecture of Complexity" and "The Structure of Ill-Structured Problems." We discuss the neglected links between these two papers, highlighting the role of decomposition in the context of problems on which constraints have been imposed...
Michael A. Novak; Jeanne M. Aurelio
2011-01-01
Simon Pearce is the founder and president of Simon Pearce Glassworks (SP). His primary but not sole business is the design, manufacture and sale of his upscale glassware. In 1981 after ten years of building a successful business in Ireland but frustrated with the obstacles he faced, he moved his business to Vermont. In 1992, SP had annual retail sales of $5 million; in 1996, approximately $12 million; and in 2001, $30 million. Not bad for a man of 56 who was expelled from school at age 15. Af...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Anon.
1991-01-01
CERN's big Auditorium was packed on Friday 23 November for a 'Simon van der Meer Feest' to mark the formal retirement of the gifted Dutch accelerator physicist who has made so many valuable contributions to his field and to CERN's success
SIMS applications workshop. Proceedings
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
NONE
1997-04-01
The first ANSTO/AINSE SIMS Workshop drew together a mixture of Surface Analysis experts and Surface Analysis users with the concept that SIMS analysis has to be enfolded within the spectrum of surface analysis techniques and that the user should select the technique most applicable to the problem. With this concept in mind the program was structured as sessions on SIMS Facilities; Applications to Mineral Surfaces; Applications to Biological Systems, Applications to Surfaces as Semi- conductors, Catalysts and Surface Coatings; and Applications to Ceramics
Holographic Chern-Simons defects
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Fujita, Mitsutoshi; Melby-Thompson, Charles M.; Meyer, René; Sugimoto, Shigeki
2016-01-01
We study SU(N) Yang-Mills-Chern-Simons theory in the presence of defects that shift the Chern-Simons level from a holographic point of view by embedding the system in string theory. The model is a D3-D7 system in Type IIB string theory, whose gravity dual is given by the AdS soliton background with probe D7 branes attaching to the AdS boundary along the defects. We holographically renormalize the free energy of the defect system with sources, from which we obtain the correlation functions for certain operators naturally associated to these defects. We find interesting phase transitions when the separation of the defects as well as the temperature are varied. We also discuss some implications for the Fractional Quantum Hall Effect and for 2-dimensional QCD.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hediger, M. R.; Martinez, K. L.; Nygård, J.
2013-01-01
Biosensors based on nanowire field effect transistor (FET) have received much attention in recent years as a way to achieve ultra-sensitive and label-free sensing of molecules of biological interest. The BioFET-SIM computer model permits the analysis and interpretation of experimental sensor...... signals through its web-based interface www.biofetsim.org. The model also allows for predictions of the effects of changes in the experimental setup on the sensor signal. After an introduction to nanowire-based FET biosensors, this chapter reviews the theoretical basis of BioFET-SIM models describing both...... single and multiple charges on the analyte. Afterwards the usage of the interface and its relative command line version is briefly shown. Finally, possible applications of the BioFET-SIM model are presented. Among the possible uses of the interface, the effects on the predicted signal of pH, buffer ionic...
Localization in abelian Chern-Simons theory
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
McLellan, Brendan Donald Kenneth
2013-01-01
Chern-Simons theory on a closed contact three-manifold is studied when the Lie group for gauge transformations is compact, connected, and abelian. The abelian Chern-Simons partition function is derived using the Faddeev-Popov gauge fixing method. The partition function is then formally computed...
Observations on the SIMON Block Cipher Family
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Kölbl, Stefan; Leander, Gregor; Tiessen, Tyge
2015-01-01
In this paper we analyse the general class of functions underlying the Simon block cipher. In particular, we derive efficiently computable and easily implementable expressions for the exact differential and linear behaviour of Simon-like round functions. Following up on this, we use those...
Cryptanalysis of SIMON Variants with Connections
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Alizadeh, Javad; Alkhzaimi, Hoda A.; Aref, Mohammad Reza
2014-01-01
SIMON is a family of 10 lightweight block ciphers published by Beaulieu et al. from the United States National Security Agency (NSA). A cipher in this family with K-bit key and N-bit block is called SIMONN/K. We present several linear characteristics for reduced-round SIMON32/64 that can be used ...
Improved Integral Attacks on SIMON32 and SIMON48 with Dynamic Key-Guessing Techniques
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Zhihui Chu
2018-01-01
Full Text Available Dynamic key-guessing techniques, which exploit the property of AND operation, could improve the differential and linear cryptanalytic results by reducing the number of guessed subkey bits and lead to good cryptanalytic results for SIMON. They have only been applied in differential and linear attacks as far as we know. In this paper, dynamic key-guessing techniques are first introduced in integral cryptanalysis. According to the features of integral cryptanalysis, we extend dynamic key-guessing techniques and get better integral cryptanalysis results than before. As a result, we present integral attacks on 24-round SIMON32, 24-round SIMON48/72, and 25-round SIMON48/96. In terms of the number of attacked rounds, our attack on SIMON32 is better than any previously known attacks, and our attacks on SIMON48 are the same as the best attacks.
Garoufalidis, S; Garoufalidis, Stavros; Marino, Marcos
2006-01-01
The contribution of reducible connections to the U(N) Chern-Simons invariant of a Seifert manifold $M$ can be expressed in some cases in terms of matrix integrals. We show that the U(N) evaluation of the LMO invariant of any rational homology sphere admits a matrix model representation which agrees with the Chern-Simons matrix integral for Seifert spheres and the trivial connection.
SIMS applications in biological research
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Prince, K.E.; Burke, P.T.; Kelly, I.J.
2000-01-01
Full text: SIMS has been utilised as a tool for biological research since the early 1970's. SIMS' abilities in isotopic detection with high sensitivity, imaging capabilities at a subcellular level, and the possibility of molecular imaging have been the main areas of interest for biological development. However, whilst hundreds of instruments are available in industrial and university laboratories for semiconductor and materials analysis, only a handful successfully perform biological research. For this reason there is generally a lack of awareness of SIMS by the biological community. Biological SIMS analysis requires a working knowledge of both biology and SIMS. Sample preparation is a critical and time consuming prerequisite for any successful biological SIMS study. In addition, for quantification to be possible a homogeneous, matrix matched standard must be available. Once these difficulties are more widely understood and overcome there will be a greater motivation for the biological community to embrace SIMS as a unique tool in their research. This paper provides an overview of some of the more successful biological SIMS application areas internationally, and summarises the types of biological SIMS requests received by ANSTO
Political and Legal Doctrine of Simon Bolivar
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Mixail V. Fedorov
2014-03-01
Full Text Available Present article is devoted to the legal, political and constitutional ideas of the outstanding leader of war of independence in Latin America Simon Bolivar that was called by his countrymen and contemporaries to be a LIBERATOR. In the present article author discusses complex genesis and evolution of the political and legal doctrine of Simon Bolivar. Review is conducted by author in the context of developing theory and practice of Latin American constitutionalism in the XIX century. Author conceptualized and revealed basic historical patterns of formation and development of Latin American countries during the War of Independence (1810-1826 period. Author conducted comprehensive analysis of the draft constitution which was developed by Simon Bolivar for the newly independent states of Latin America and reveals theoretical and practical problem of choosing Simon Bolivar republican form of government, such as a peculiar institution in the form of principle of the separation of powers, containing the fourth power. Author focuses on the questions of Simon Bolivar’s relationship to the constitutional institute of human rights, idea of relationship between state and church. Article also researches many other political, legal and constitutional ideas of Simon Bolivar, present views of historians, lawyers, political scientists, statesmen and public activists.
Simon, P
1999-02-01
In this article, former US Senator Paul Simon notes that, in his lifetime, the population of the world has tripled and is expected to quadruple. Among the effects of this population growth will be a 55% increase in nitrate emissions that will feed algae and compromise fish supplies. The US was extremely short-sighted when it reduced funding for the international family planning (FP) programs that benefit all nations. False accusations that the UN Population Fund (UNFPA) operates with a "bloated bureaucracy" ignore the fact that this agency has only 166 employees. More appropriate criticism would assert that the task the UNFPA is trying to accomplish is too important and too vast for such a small staff. Without FP programs, earth would now have to support an additional 400 million people. While contraceptive use by married women in developing countries has increased from 10% in 1965 to above 50% today and life expectancy is increasing, we must recognize the fact that we are currently unable to provide most of the world's population with safe water and sanitation and that increased population size will only exacerbate this problem. Encouraging voluntary FP is humanitarian and prudent and will help protect the entire population of the world.
Improved Linear Cryptanalysis of Reduced-Round SIMON-32 and SIMON-48
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Abdelraheem, Mohamed Ahmed; Alizadeh, Javad; Alkhzaimi, Hoda A.
2015-01-01
In this paper we analyse two variants of SIMON family of light-weight block ciphers against variants of linear cryptanalysis and present the best linear cryptanalytic results on these variants of reducedround SIMON to date. We propose a time-memory trade-off method that finds differential/ linear...
Sims, Christopher Albert (born 1942)
Boumans, M.; Durlauf, S.N.; Blume, L.E.
2012-01-01
Christopher Sims is one of the leaders in time-series econometrics and empirical macroeconomics and is well known for introducing the VAR approach to econometrics and macroeconomic modelling. Sims' main contribution to empirical macroeconomics was to show how macro-econometric modeling should be
Secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Grasserbauer, M.
1986-01-01
After an introductory chapter the subject is covered under the following headings: principles and physical fundamentals, measurement equipment, analytic characteristics, sample preparation, special measuring techniques for insulators, analytic procedures and applications of SIMS, summarized evaluation of SIMS. 108 references, 60 figures, and 13 tables are included
Simon van der Meer (1925-2011)
2011-01-01
Simon van der Meer was a true giant of modern particle physics, though a gentle one. His contributions to accelerator science remain vital for the operation of accelerators such as the LHC today. Simon was an electrical engineer who grew up in The Hague, moving on to Delft University to study electrical engineering. After a short stint with Philips, he came to CERN in 1956, just two years after the lab opened, and remained with us until his retirement in 1990. Simon was an incredibly inventive man. When confronted with a problem, he would sink into deep reflection, rarely emerging until he had a solution. One of us, Steve Myers, remembers him as a man who did not suffer fools gladly, and who was extremely taciturn. Simon would never use two words where one would suffice. But that one word would invariably be the right one. Simon is best known for his contribution to the SPS collider project, for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize, jointly with Carlo Rubbia, in 1984. Stochastic cooling, the in...
Chern-Simons theory from first principles
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Marino, E.C.
1994-01-01
A review is made of the main properties of the Chern-Simons field theory. These include the dynamical mass generation to the photon without a Higgs field, the statistical transmutation of charged particles coupled to it and the natural appearance of a transverse conductivity. A review of standard theories proposed for the Quantum Hall Effect which use the Chern-Simons term is also made, emphasizing the fact that this terms is put in an artificial manner. A physical origin for the Chern-Simons term is proposed, starting from QED in 3+1 D with the topological term and imposing that the motion of charged matter is restricted to an infinite plane. (author). 12 refs
Instantons, fermions and Chern-Simons terms
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Collie, Benjamin; Tong, David
2008-01-01
In five spacetime dimensions, instantons are finite energy, solitonic particles. We describe the dynamics of these objects in the presence of a Chern-Simons interaction. For U(N) instantons, we show that the 5d Chern-Simons term induces a corresponding Chern-Simons term in the ADHM quantum mechanics. For SU(N) instantons, we provide a description in terms of geodesic motion on the instanton moduli space, modified by the presence of a magnetic field. We show that this magnetic field is equal to the first Chern character of an index bundle. All of these results are derived by a simple method which follows the fate of zero modes as fermions are introduced, made heavy, and subsequently integrated out.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Silk, M.
1990-03-01
Simone is a computer application program which provides an environment in which to run the nuclear reactor thermal hydraulic simulation code RELAP5. It enables users to run a RELAP5 calculation on-line on a SUN4 workstation, and provides an interactive means of executing operator-like actions. In addition, a version of the graphical post-processing tool ISOVU is incorporated, allowing a real-time display of the RELAP5 calculation to be presented in the form of a system mimic diagram. This report comprises a description of the facilities available within the Simone application, and a user guide describing the user interface. (author)
Composite Chern-Simons gauge boson in anyon gas
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Nguyen Van Hieu; Nguyen Hung Son.
1990-08-01
It was shown that in a free anyon gas there exists a composite vector gauge field with the effective action containing a Chern-Simons term. The momentum dependence of the energy of the composite boson was found. The mixing between Chern-Simons boson and photon gives rise to the appearance of new quasiparticles - Chern-Simons polaritons. The dispersion equations of Chern-Simons polaritons were derived. (author). 14 refs
The Simon and Simon-Mars tensors for stationary Einstein-Maxwell fields
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bini, Donato; Cherubini, Christian; Jantzen, Robert T; Miniutti, Giovanni
2004-01-01
Modulo conventional scale factors, the Simon and Simon-Mars tensors are defined for stationary vacuum spacetimes so that their equality follows from the Bianchi identities of the second kind. In the nonvacuum case one can absorb additional source terms into a redefinition of the Simon tensor so that this equality is maintained. Among the electrovacuum class of solutions of the Einstein-Maxwell equations, the expression for the Simon tensor in the Kerr-Newman-Taub-NUT spacetime in terms of the Ernst potential is formally the same as in the vacuum case (modulo a scale factor), and its vanishing guarantees the simultaneous alignment of the principal null directions of the Weyl tensor, the Papapetrou field associated with the timelike Killing vector field, the electromagnetic field of the spacetime and even the Killing-Yano tensor
Author! Author! Seymour Simon: Science Writer Extraordinaire
Brodie, Carolyn S.
2005-01-01
This column presents a brief biography of author Seymour Simon, whose topics for children's photo essays include icebergs, gorillas, thunderstorms, optical illusions, snakes, air, water, planets, airplanes, volcanoes, cars, the brain, bridges, bugs, crocodiles, skyscrapers, sharks, and paper airplanes. Though he is best known in the style and an…
John F. Simon, jr. / John F. jun. Simon ; interv. Tilman Baumgärtel
Simon, John F. jun.
2006-01-01
Ameerika kunstnikust-programmeerijast Jon F. Simon juuniorist (sünd. 1963), tema loomingust, vestlus kunstnikuga 19. 12. 1999. a. tema ateljees. J. F. Simon jun.-i teosed on tarkvara. Monitoril tekkinud kujutisi on kunstnik eksponeerinud nimetuse "Panels" all. Kunstniku joonistusprogrammist, arvutiprogrammist "Every Icon", mis asub Internetis, tööst "Combination", võrgutööst "Alter Stars" (1995-1998) ja muust
SIMONE: Tool for Data Analysis and Simulation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Chudoba, V.; Hnatio, B.; Sharov, P.; Papka, Paul
2013-06-01
SIMONE is a software tool based on the ROOT Data Analysis Framework and developed in collaboration of FLNR JINR and iThemba LABS. It is intended for physicists planning experiments and analysing experimental data. The goal of the SIMONE framework is to provide a flexible system, user friendly, efficient and well documented. It is intended for simulation of a wide range of Nuclear Physics experiments. The most significant conditions and physical processes can be taken into account during simulation of the experiment. The user can create his own experimental setup through the access of predefined detector geometries. Simulated data is made available in the same format as for the real experiment for identical analysis of both experimental and simulated data. Significant time reduction is expected during experiment planning and data analysis. (authors)
Maxwell-Chern-Simons Casimir effect
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Milton, K.A.; Ng, Y.J.
1990-01-01
The topology of (2+1)-dimensional space permits the construction of quantum electrodynamics with the usual Maxwell action augmented by a gauge-invariant, but P- and T-violating, Chern-Simons mass term. We discuss the Casimir effect between parallel lines in such a theory. The effect of finite temperature is also considered. In principle, our results provide a way to measure the topological mass of the photon
Dynamics of Chern-Simons vortices
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Collie, Benjamin; Tong, David
2008-01-01
We study vortex dynamics in three-dimensional theories with Chern-Simons interactions. The dynamics is governed by motion on the moduli space M in the presence of a magnetic field. For Abelian vortices, the magnetic field is shown to be the Ricci form over M; for non-Abelian vortices, it is the first Chern character of a suitable index bundle. We derive these results by integrating out massive fermions and following the fate of their zero modes.
Superfiled formulation of Chern-Simons supersymmetry
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Birmingham, D.; Rakowski, M.
1989-03-01
We discuss an extra supersymmetry present in the covariantly quantized Chern-Simons action within the superfield formalism. By introducing scalar superfields we show how the component transformations are naturally reproduced from the superfield transformation. When the superspace is extended to include an additional odd coordinate for the BRST symmetry, the entire theory is described by a single odd scalar superfield. The implications of this supersymmetry for the renormalized theory are also discussed. (author). 9 refs
Remarks on Chern-Simons Invariants
Cattaneo, Alberto S.; Mnëv, Pavel
2010-02-01
The perturbative Chern-Simons theory is studied in a finite-dimensional version or assuming that the propagator satisfies certain properties (as is the case, e.g., with the propagator defined by Axelrod and Singer). It turns out that the effective BV action is a function on cohomology (with shifted degrees) that solves the quantum master equation and is defined modulo certain canonical transformations that can be characterized completely. Out of it one obtains invariants.
Sims, Christopher Albert (born 1942)
Boumans, Marcel
2015-01-01
Christopher Sims is one of the leaders in time-series econometrics and empirical macroeconomics and is well known for introducing the VAR approach to econometrics and macroeconomic modelling. Sims’ main contribution to empirical macroeconomics was to show how macro-econometric modeling should be
Charlton, Bruce G
2009-02-01
What kind of a thing is science and how does it work? [Kealey T. Sex, science and profits: In a recent book (Sex, science and profits: how people evolved to make money. London: William Heinemann; 2008) (p. 455)] Terence Kealey argues persuasively that the motivations driving science are widely misunderstood. Science is often assumed to be useful to the public but an economic loser for the scientist and his or her paymasters - in other words, science is supposed to be a 'public good'. The public good argument is used to support large-scale government funding of science, on the basis that if government does not fund science it will not be funded adequately. But Kealey argues that most science is profitable to commercial organizations, and other types of worthwhile science will be supported by private patronage. Yet excessive government funding tends to 'crowd-out' potential private sources of funding - both by replacing and by deterring private investment. And scientists are not primarily motivated by money, but instead by striving for status within the 'invisible college' of active researchers in their field. Kealey's take-home message is that overall and in the long-term, science neither requires nor benefits from government funding. Scientific research would be better-served by private funding from commercial organizations that are seeking profit, combined with patronage from charities and foundations that regard science as intrinsically valuable.
Herbert A. Simon: Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences, 1978.
Leahey, Thomas H
2003-09-01
In 1978, Herbert A. Simon won the Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences, the same Nobel won by Daniel Kahneman in 2002. Simon's work in fact paved the way for Kahneman's Nobel. Although trained in political science and economics rather than psychology, Simon applied psychological ideas to economic theorizing. Classical and neoclassical economic theories assume that people are perfectly rational and strive to optimize economic outcomes. Simon argued that human rationality is constrained, not perfect, and that people seek satisfactory rather than ideal outcomes. Despite his Nobel, Simon felt isolated in economics and ultimately moved into psychology. Nevertheless, his ideas percolated through the economic community, so that Kahneman, whose research advanced Simon's broad perspective, could be the psychologist who won the Nobel in economics.
Dimensional regularisation of Chern-Simons field theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Martin, C.P.
1990-01-01
We discuss the dimensional regularisation program as applied to a pure Chern-Simons theory in Minkowski space. In order to make this regularisation program feasible, we propose adding a Yang-Mills term to the pure Chern-Simons action. It is argued that the pure Chern-Simons theory is recovered in a certain limit. Explicit computations are carried out at the one-loop level in the background field gauge. (orig.)
Sequencing Information Management System (SIMS). Final report
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Fields, C.
1996-02-15
A feasibility study to develop a requirements analysis and functional specification for a data management system for large-scale DNA sequencing laboratories resulted in a functional specification for a Sequencing Information Management System (SIMS). This document reports the results of this feasibility study, and includes a functional specification for a SIMS relational schema. The SIMS is an integrated information management system that supports data acquisition, management, analysis, and distribution for DNA sequencing laboratories. The SIMS provides ad hoc query access to information on the sequencing process and its results, and partially automates the transfer of data between laboratory instruments, analysis programs, technical personnel, and managers. The SIMS user interfaces are designed for use by laboratory technicians, laboratory managers, and scientists. The SIMS is designed to run in a heterogeneous, multiplatform environment in a client/server mode. The SIMS communicates with external computational and data resources via the internet.
Chern-Simons gravity in four dimensions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Morales, Ivan; Neves, Bruno; Piguet, Olivier; Oporto, Zui
2017-01-01
Five-dimensional Chern-Simons theory with (anti-)de Sitter SO(1,5) or SO(2,4) gauge invariance presents an alternative to general relativity with cosmological constant. We consider the zero modes of its Kaluza-Klein compactification to four dimensions. Solutions with vanishing torsion are obtained in the cases of a spherically symmetric 3-space and of a homogeneous and isotropic 3-space, which reproduce the Schwarzshild-de Sitter and ΛCDM cosmological solutions of general relativity. We also check that vanishing torsion is a stable feature of the solutions. (orig.)
Chern-Simons gravity in four dimensions
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Morales, Ivan; Neves, Bruno; Piguet, Olivier [Universidade Federal de Vicosa (UFV), Departamento de Fisica, Vicosa, MG (Brazil); Oporto, Zui [Universidade Federal de Vicosa (UFV), Departamento de Fisica, Vicosa, MG (Brazil); Universidad Mayor de San Andres, Carrera de Fisica, La Paz (Bolivia, Plurinational State of)
2017-02-15
Five-dimensional Chern-Simons theory with (anti-)de Sitter SO(1,5) or SO(2,4) gauge invariance presents an alternative to general relativity with cosmological constant. We consider the zero modes of its Kaluza-Klein compactification to four dimensions. Solutions with vanishing torsion are obtained in the cases of a spherically symmetric 3-space and of a homogeneous and isotropic 3-space, which reproduce the Schwarzshild-de Sitter and ΛCDM cosmological solutions of general relativity. We also check that vanishing torsion is a stable feature of the solutions. (orig.)
''Topological'' (Chern-Simons) quantum mechanics
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Dunne, G.V.; Jackiw, R.; Trugenberger, C.A.
1990-01-01
We construct quantum-mechanical models that are analogs of three-dimensional, topologically massive as well as Chern-Simons gauge-field theories, and we study the phase-space reductive limiting procedure that takes the former to the latter. The zero-point spectra of operators behave discontinuously in the limit, as a consequence of a nonperturbative quantum-mechanical anomaly. The nature of the limit for wave functions depends on the representation, but is always such that normalization is preserved
A brief comparison of Simon and Simeck
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Kölbl, Stefan; Roy, Arnab
2017-01-01
surprisingly is significantly lower for SIMECK while covering a larger number of rounds at the same time. Furthermore, we provide new differentials for SIMECK which can cover more rounds compared to previous results on SIMON and study how to choose good differentials for attacks and show that one can find....... Based on this we mount key recovery attacks on 19/26/33 rounds of SIMECK32/48/64, which also give insights on the reduced key guessing effort due to the different set of rotation constants....
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gillen, Greg [Surface and Microanalysis Science Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD 20899-8371 (United States)]. E-mail: Greg.gillen@nist.gov; Fahey, Albert [Surface and Microanalysis Science Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD 20899-8371 (United States); Wagner, Matt [Surface and Microanalysis Science Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD 20899-8371 (United States); Mahoney, Christine [Surface and Microanalysis Science Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD 20899-8371 (United States)
2006-07-30
Thin monolayer and bilayer films of spin cast poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) (PHEMA), poly(lactic) acid (PLA) and PLA doped with several pharmaceuticals have been analyzed by dynamic SIMS using SF{sub 5} {sup +} polyatomic primary ion bombardment. Each of these systems exhibited minimal primary beam-induced degradation under cluster ion bombardment allowing molecular depth profiles to be obtained through the film. By combing secondary ion imaging with depth profiling, three-dimensional molecular image depth profiles have been obtained from these systems. In another approach, bevel cross-sections are cut in the samples with the SF{sub 5} {sup +} primary ion beam to produce a laterally magnified cross-section of the sample that does not contain the beam-induced damage that would be induced by conventional focussed ion beam (FIB) cross-sectioning. The bevel surface can then be examined using cluster SIMS imaging or other appropriate microanalysis technique.
Social Impacts Module (SIM) Transition
2012-09-28
or OABs. An agent can communicate about events, seek resources, or do nothing. This basic procedure repeats itself continuously. See Appendix C for a...still contains the ability to represent key leaders and social networks and there are no changes to the procedures described for SIM 2.0 regarding...of the study question, MAJ Ja- son Whipple of WSMR trav- eled to Monterey to sup- port designing the Nexus scenario. The meeting re- sulted in
Yang-Mills-Chern-Simons supergravity
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lue, H; Pope, C N; Sezgin, E
2004-01-01
N = (1, 0) supergravity in six dimensions admits AdS 3 x S 3 as a vacuum solution. We extend our recent results presented in Lue et al (2002 Preprint hep-th/0212323), by obtaining the complete N = 4 Yang-Mills-Chern-Simons supergravity in D = 3, up to quartic fermion terms, by S 3 group manifold reduction of the six-dimensional theory. The SU(2) gauge fields have Yang-Mills kinetic terms as well as topological Chern-Simons mass terms. There is in addition a triplet of matter vectors. After diagonalization, these fields describe two triplets of topologically-massive vector fields of opposite helicities. The model also contains six scalars, described by a GL(3, R)/SO(3) sigma model. It provides the first example of a three-dimensional gauged supergravity that can be obtained by a consistent reduction of string theory or M-theory and that admits AdS 3 as a vacuum solution. There are unusual features in the reduction from six-dimensional supergravity, owing to the self-duality condition on the 3-form field. The structure of the full equations of motion in N = (1, 0) supergravity in D = 6 is also elucidated, and the role of the self-dual field strength as torsion is exhibited
Transport in Chern-Simons-matter theories
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gur-Ari, Guy; Hartnoll, Sean; Mahajan, Raghu [Stanford Institute for Theoretical Physics, Stanford University,Stanford, CA 94305 (United States)
2016-07-18
The frequency-dependent longitudinal and Hall conductivities — σ{sub xx} and σ{sub xy} — are dimensionless functions of ω/T in 2+1 dimensional CFTs at nonzero temperature. These functions characterize the spectrum of charged excitations of the theory and are basic experimental observables. We compute these conductivities for large N Chern-Simons theory with fermion matter. The computation is exact in the ’t Hooft coupling λ at N=∞. We describe various physical features of the conductivity, including an explicit relation between the weight of the delta function at ω=0 in σ{sub xx} and the existence of infinitely many higher spin conserved currents in the theory. We also compute the conductivities perturbatively in Chern-Simons theory with scalar matter and show that the resulting functions of ω/T agree with the strong coupling fermionic result. This provides a new test of the conjectured 3d bosonization duality. In matching the Hall conductivities we resolve an outstanding puzzle by carefully treating an extra anomaly that arises in the regularization scheme used.
Llegar a ser Simone de Beauvoir
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Nora Levinton Dolman
2009-01-01
Full Text Available A la manera de un Psicoanálisis aplicado a la obra de Simone de Beauvoir se señalan algunos aspectos cruciales que reflejan cómo se va configurando la vida y el pensamiento de una mujer que encarnó, para muchas de nosotras, un modelo de identificación. Su trabajo es en este sentido un espejo y una valiosa muestra de la naturaleza proyectiva de muchos de sus enunciados, donde a partir de su irreemplazable experiencia Simone arriba a conclusiones en las que podemos seguir el rastro de sus vivencias personales. En el contexto singular de su historia personal y en cómo es relatada. Al exponer su vida en sus libros y en numerosas entrevistas concedidas a distintos medios, ha dado lugar a que surgieran diferentes interpretaciones, por lo tanto a que sus palabras y argumentos puedan, como en este artículo, ser utilizados, contrastados entre sí y sometidos a exploración.
LOWER NORTH BATTERY - DEFENDED PORT OF SIMON'S TOWN
African Journals Online (AJOL)
LOWER NORTH BATTERY - DEFENDED. PORT OF SIMON'S TOWN. Lt-Cdr W. M. Bisset*. In 1975 Mr H. C. Willis suggested to the present writer that the SA Navy should mount a bronze plaque similar to those commissioned by the. Simon's Town Historical Society and displayed on certain historical buildings in the town at ...
Remembering Roger I. Simon: A Pedagogy of Public Possibility
Farley, Lisa; Tarc, Aparna Mishra
2014-01-01
This special issue of "Canadian Social Studies" is dedicated to Roger I. Simon. Simon's scholarship bequeaths to theorists, teachers, and curators across Canada and beyond a theory of education that opens up responsibilities to past and present others. The papers gathered for this special issue address many of the difficulties that he…
Abelian Chern-Simons theory and contact torsion
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
McLellan, Brendan Donald Kenneth
2013-01-01
Chern-Simons theory on a closed contact three-manifold is studied when the Lie group for gauge transformations is compact, connected and abelian. A shift reduced abelian Chern-Simons partition function is introduced using an alternative formulation of the partition function using formal ideas in ...... in quantum field theory. We compare the shift reduced partition function with other formulations of the abelian Chern-Simons partition function. This study naturally motivates an Atiyah-Patodi-Singer type index problem in contact geometry.......Chern-Simons theory on a closed contact three-manifold is studied when the Lie group for gauge transformations is compact, connected and abelian. A shift reduced abelian Chern-Simons partition function is introduced using an alternative formulation of the partition function using formal ideas...
A refinement of Simon's correlation inequality
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lieb, E.H.; Princeton Univ., NJ
1980-01-01
A general formulation is given of Simon's Ising model inequality: (sigmasub(α) sigmasub(γ)) <= Σ(belement ofB) (sigmasub(α) sigmasub(b))(sigmasub(b)sigmasub(γ)) where B is any set of spins separating α from γ. We show that (sigmasub(α) sigmasub(b)) can be replaced by (sigmasub(α) sigmasub(b))sub(A) where A is the spin system inside B containing α. An advantage of this is that a finite algorithm can be given to compute the transition temperature to any desired accuracy. The analogous inequality for plane rotors is shown to hold if a certain conjecture can be proved. This conjecture is indeed verified in the simplest case, and leads to an upper bound on the critical temperature. (The conjecture has been proved in general by Rivasseau. See notes added in proof.) (orig.)
[Gustav Simon--Surgery of the kidneys].
Moll, F; Rathert, P
2005-02-01
In the English-speaking world anthologies about "classic works in urology" have been en vogue for years and have been published several times, but they do not exist in Germany. Due to the short half-life of knowledge, these pioneering publications were forgotten and are not readily available or easily accessible. Furthermore, for reasons of preservation libraries do not allow borrowing these old books or copying them. These articles thus remain inaccessible to the public. The work of the famous Gustav Simon ranks along with Nitze's "Kystoscopy" among the most important works for our specialty. The Museum and Archives of the German Urologic Society, located at the head office in Dusseldorf, has a well-renowned collection of papers, monographs, and books from across the centuries.
Simon Newcomb: America's Unofficial Astronomer Royal
Graham, John
2007-10-01
Bill Carter and Merri Sue Carter Mantazas; xiii + 213 pp.; ISBN 1-59113-803-5 2006; $26.95 This book introduced me to a commanding figure in American science from the late nineteenth century: Simon Newcomb. Newcomb has been called the nineteenth-century equivalent of Carl Sagan and Albert Einstein. He rose from humble beginnings to be the preeminent American astronomer of his generation. He made basic, far-reaching, and enduring contributions to positional astronomy and planetary dynamics. On the more practical side, he determined a remarkably accurate value for the velocity of light, one within 0.01% of the value accepted today. His work provided an experimental grounding for the special and general theories of relativity to be formulated by Einstein in the coming twentieth century.
Chern-Simons forms in gravitation theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Zanelli, Jorge
2012-01-01
The Chern-Simons (CS) form evolved from an obstruction in mathematics into an important object in theoretical physics. In fact, the presence of CS terms in physics is more common than one may think: they seem to play an important role in high Tc superconductivity and in recently discovered topological insulators. In classical physics, the minimal coupling in electromagnetism and to the action for a mechanical system in Hamiltonian form are examples of CS functionals. CS forms are also the natural generalization of the minimal coupling between the electromagnetic field and a point charge when the source is not point like but an extended fundamental object, a membrane. They are found in relation with anomalies in quantum field theories, and as Lagrangians for gauge fields, including gravity and supergravity. A cursory review of the role of CS forms in gravitation theories is presented at an introductory level. (topical review)
Chern-Simons forms in gravitation theories
Zanelli, Jorge
2012-07-01
The Chern-Simons (CS) form evolved from an obstruction in mathematics into an important object in theoretical physics. In fact, the presence of CS terms in physics is more common than one may think: they seem to play an important role in high Tc superconductivity and in recently discovered topological insulators. In classical physics, the minimal coupling in electromagnetism and to the action for a mechanical system in Hamiltonian form are examples of CS functionals. CS forms are also the natural generalization of the minimal coupling between the electromagnetic field and a point charge when the source is not point like but an extended fundamental object, a membrane. They are found in relation with anomalies in quantum field theories, and as Lagrangians for gauge fields, including gravity and supergravity. A cursory review of the role of CS forms in gravitation theories is presented at an introductory level.
Introductory lectures on Chern-Simons theories
Zanelli, Jorge
2012-02-01
The Chern-Simons (CS) form evolved from an obstruction in mathematics into an important object in theoretical physics. In fact, the presence of CS terms in physics is more common than one may think. They are found in the studies of anomalies in quantum field theories and as Lagrangians for gauge fields, including gravity and supergravity. They seem to play an important role in high Tc superconductivity and in recently discovered topological insulators. CS forms are also the natural generalization of the minimal coupling between the electromagnetic field and a point charge when the source is not point-like but an extended fundamental object, a membrane. A cursory review of these ideas is presented at an introductory level.
Holographic entanglement for Chern-Simons terms
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Azeyanagi, Tatsuo; Loganayagam, R.; Ng, Gim Seng
2017-01-01
We derive the holographic entanglement entropy contribution from pure and mixed gravitational Chern-Simons(CS) terms in AdS 2k+1 . This is done through two different methods: first, by a direct evaluation of CS action in a holographic replica geometry and second by a descent of Dong’s derivation applied to the corresponding anomaly polynomial. In lower dimensions (k=1,2), the formula coincides with the Tachikawa formula for black hole entropy from gravitational CS terms. New extrinsic curvature corrections appear for k≥3: we give explicit and concise expressions for the two pure gravitational CS terms in AdS 7 and present various consistency checks, including agreements with the black hole entropy formula when evaluated at the bifurcation surface.
Holographic entanglement for Chern-Simons terms
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Azeyanagi, Tatsuo [Département de Physique, Ecole Normale Supérieure, CNRS,24 rue Lhomond, 75005 Paris (France); Loganayagam, R. [School of Natural Sciences, Institute for Advanced Study,Princeton, NJ 08540 (United States); Ng, Gim Seng [Department of Physics, McGill University,Montréal, QC H3A 2T8 (Canada)
2017-02-01
We derive the holographic entanglement entropy contribution from pure and mixed gravitational Chern-Simons(CS) terms in AdS{sub 2k+1}. This is done through two different methods: first, by a direct evaluation of CS action in a holographic replica geometry and second by a descent of Dong’s derivation applied to the corresponding anomaly polynomial. In lower dimensions (k=1,2), the formula coincides with the Tachikawa formula for black hole entropy from gravitational CS terms. New extrinsic curvature corrections appear for k≥3: we give explicit and concise expressions for the two pure gravitational CS terms in AdS{sub 7} and present various consistency checks, including agreements with the black hole entropy formula when evaluated at the bifurcation surface.
Holographic entanglement for Chern-Simons terms
Azeyanagi, Tatsuo; Loganayagam, R.; Ng, Gim Seng
2017-02-01
We derive the holographic entanglement entropy contribution from pure and mixed gravitational Chern-Simons(CS) terms in AdS2 k+1. This is done through two different methods: first, by a direct evaluation of CS action in a holographic replica geometry and second by a descent of Dong's derivation applied to the corresponding anomaly polynomial. In lower dimensions ( k = 1 , 2), the formula coincides with the Tachikawa formula for black hole entropy from gravitational CS terms. New extrinsic curvature corrections appear for k ≥ 3: we give explicit and concise expressions for the two pure gravitational CS terms in AdS7 and present various consistency checks, including agreements with the black hole entropy formula when evaluated at the bifurcation surface.
Hassaine, Mokhtar
2016-01-01
This book grew out of a set of lecture notes on gravitational Chern–Simons (CS) theories developed over the past decade for several schools and different audiences including graduate students and researchers.CS theories are gauge-invariant theories that can include gravity consistently. They are only defined in odd dimensions and represent a very special class of theories in the Lovelock family. Lovelock gravitation theories are the natural extensions of General Relativity for dimensions greater than four that yield second-order field equations for the metric. These theories also admit local supersymmetric extensions where supersymmetry is an off-shell symmetry of the action, as in a standard gauge theory.Apart from the arguments of mathematical elegance and beauty, the gravitational CS actions are exceptionally endowed with physical attributes that suggest the viability of a quantum interpretation. CS theories are gauge-invariant, scale-invariant and background independent; they have no dimensional couplin...
Quantitative determination of uranium by SIMS
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kuruc, J.; Harvan, D.; Galanda, D.; Matel, L.; Aranyosiova, M.; Velic, D.
2008-01-01
The paper presents results of quantitative measurements of uranium-238 by secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) with using alpha spectrometry as well as complementary technique. Samples with specific activity of uranium-238 were prepared by electrodeposition from aqueous solution of UO 2 (NO 3 ) 2 ·6H 2 O. We tried to apply SIMS to quantitative analysis and search for correlation between intensity obtained from SIMS and activity of uranium-238 in dependence on the surface's weight and possibility of using SIMS in quantitative analysis of environmental samples. The obtained results and correlations as well as results of two real samples measurements are presented in this paper. (authors)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Slater, D.C.; Berger, R.L.; Busch, G.; Kinzer, C.M.; Mayer, F.J.; Powers, L.V.; Tanner, D.J.
1981-01-01
Two experiments are described. In the first, a clear signature of the Brillouin backscatter of a short pulse from a long gradient length gas target plasma is found. The second experiment uses one-dimensional, spherically symmetric fluid simulations to model many of the laser-plasma interaction processes which combine to determine the amount of absorbed energy in long-pulse experiments. These simulations indicate that modest laser band widths are successful in reducing the level of stimulated Brillouin scattering at the irradiances used in these experiments
Wavefunction of the Universe and Chern-Simons perturbation theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Soo Chopin [Department of Physics, National Cheng Kung University Tainan 70101, Taiwan (China)
2002-03-21
The Chern-Simons exact solution of four-dimensional quantum gravity with nonvanishing cosmological constant is presented in metric variables as the partition function of Chern-Simons theory with nontrivial source. The perturbative expansion is given, and the wavefunction is computed to the lowest order of approximation for the Cauchy surface which is topologically a 3-sphere. The state is well-defined even at degenerate and vanishing values of the dreibein. Reality conditions for the Ashtekar variables are also taken into account, and remarkable features of the Chern-Simons state and their relevance to cosmology are pointed out.
Herbert a. simon y la economía organizacional
Estrada Gallego, Fernando
2008-01-01
Este artículo analiza los aspectos centrales de la obra de Herbert A. Simon, en especial el orientado al análisis de la economía de las organizaciones con énfasis en el criterio de racionalidad limitada. Se interpreta la crítica de Simon a la versión ortodoxa de la burocracia organizacional y se extiende su análisis hacia la economía institucional. Uno de los principales logros de Simon en teoría organizacional consiste en haber valorado analíticamente la psicología del comportamiento individ...
Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry SIMS XI
Gillen, G.; Lareau, R.; Bennett, J.; Stevie, F.
2003-05-01
This volume contains 252 contributions presented as plenary, invited and contributed poster and oral presentations at the 11th International Conference on Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS XI) held at the Hilton Hotel, Walt Disney World Village, Orlando, Florida, 7 12 September, 1997. The book covers a diverse range of research, reflecting the rapid growth in advanced semiconductor characterization, ultra shallow depth profiling, TOF-SIMS and the new areas in which SIMS techniques are being used, for example in biological sciences and organic surface characterization. Papers are presented under the following categories: Isotopic SIMS Biological SIMS Semiconductor Characterization Techniques and Applications Ultra Shallow Depth Profiling Depth Profiling Fundamental/Modelling and Diffusion Sputter-Induced Topography Fundamentals of Molecular Desorption Organic Materials Practical TOF-SIMS Polyatomic Primary Ions Materials/Surface Analysis Postionization Instrumentation Geological SIMS Imaging Fundamentals of Sputtering Ion Formation and Cluster Formation Quantitative Analysis Environmental/Particle Characterization Related Techniques These proceedings provide an invaluable source of reference for both newcomers to the field and experienced SIMS users.
SIMS studies of low-K materials
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lin Xuefeng; Smith, Stephen P.
2006-01-01
We report progress in conducting quantitative SIMS analyses of low-K materials. Electron-beam (e-beam) pre-irradiation of SIMS measurement sites was used to study the e-beam-induced effects on SIMS depth profiling of a porous organosilicate low-K material. Pre-irradiation of the sample surface using the e-beam causes a reduction in the thickness of the low-K film. SIMS profiling was used to sputter to identifiable marker positions within the pre-irradiated film. Physical measurement of the thickness of the remaining film was used to show that the e-beam-induced reduction in thickness occurs uniformly throughout the pre-irradiated film. Exposure of the film to the e-beam prior to SIMS analysis also resulted in minor changes in the composition of the film. However, pre-irradiation of the film is not part of the normal SIMS measurement procedure. We conclude that when the e-beam irradiation is used only for charge compensation during SIMS depth profiling, the SIMS analysis of the low-K material will not be significantly affected
Ion bombardment techniques - recent developments in SIMS
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Konarski, P.; Miśnik, M.
2013-01-01
We present a short review of cluster ion bombardment technique recently applied in SIMS. Many advantages of using cluster ion beams are specified over monoatomic ion species. Cluster ions open really new perspectives especially in organic based structures analysis. Nevertheless cluster ions are not the perfect solution and still new ideas of ion erosion in SIMS are needed. Another issue discussed is 'storing matter' technique applied for quantitative analysis in SIMS. Simple idea of sputter deposition of eroded material onto rotating substrate and then analysing the stored material allows to avoid strong matrix effects in SIMS. Presented are the results performed in Tele and Radio Research Institute, Warszawa, Poland. These are the first results of ‘storing matter’ technique performed in one analytical chamber of SIMS instrument. (authors)
Chern-Simons term at finite density and temperature
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sisakyan, A.N.; Shevchenko, O.Yu.; Solganik, S.B.
1997-01-01
The Chern-Simons topological term dynamical generation in the effective action is obtained at arbitrary finite density and temperature. By using the proper time method and perturbation theory it is shown that at zero temperature μ 2 = m 2 is the crucial point for Chern-Simons term. So when μ 2 2 , μ influence disappears and we get the usual Chern-Simons term. On the other hand, when μ 2 > m 2 , the Chern-Simons term vanishes because of nonzero density of background fermions. In particular for massless case parity anomaly is absent at any finite density or temperature. This result holds in any odd dimension both in Abelian and in non-Abelian cases
The Life and Work of Marvin Kenneth Simon
Alouini, Mohamed-Slim; Biglieri, Ezio; Divsalar, Dariush; Dolinar, Samuel; Goldsmith, Andrea J.; Milstein, Larry B.
2016-01-01
It is a measure of the importance and profundity of Marvin Kenneth Simon's contributions to communication theory that a tribute article and tutorial about his life and work is of current research relevance in spite of the continually accelerating
SIMON: Remote collaboration system based on large scale simulation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sugawara, Akihiro; Kishimoto, Yasuaki
2003-01-01
Development of SIMON (SImulation MONitoring) system is described. SIMON aims to investigate many physical phenomena of tokamak type nuclear fusion plasma by simulation and to exchange information and to carry out joint researches with scientists in the world using internet. The characteristics of SIMON are followings; 1) decrease load of simulation by trigger sending method, 2) visualization of simulation results and hierarchical structure of analysis, 3) decrease of number of license by using command line when software is used, 4) improvement of support for using network of simulation data output by use of HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language), 5) avoidance of complex built-in work in client part and 6) small-sized and portable software. The visualization method of large scale simulation, remote collaboration system by HTML, trigger sending method, hierarchical analytical method, introduction into three-dimensional electromagnetic transportation code and technologies of SIMON system are explained. (S.Y.)
Some applications of SIMS in conservation science, archaeometry and cosmochemistry
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
McPhail, D.S.
2006-01-01
Some applications of SIMS in conservation science, archaeometry and cosmochemistry are described. Ultra-low energy SIMS depth profiling and TOF-SIMS imaging are used to study the corrosion of low-lime glass vessels from the V and A museum. Static SIMS and focused ion beam (FIB) SIMS are used to study the effects of laser cleaning on museum artefacts. Archaeological glass from Raqqa, Syria is studied with FIB-SIMS and micrometeorite impacts on space vessels are studied with FIB and FIB-SIMS. The new analytical challenges provided to the SIMS community by these materials are presented and the ethical issues associated with sampling and destructive analysis discussed
The Chern-Simons diffusion rate in improved holographic QCD
Gürsoy, U.; Iatrakis, I.; Kiritsis, E.; Nitti, F.; O’Bannon, A.
2013-01-01
In (3 + 1)-dimensional SU(N c) Yang-Mills (YM) theory, the Chern-Simons diffusion rate, ΓCS, is determined by the zero-momentum, zero-frequency limit of the retarded two-point function of the CP-odd operator tr [F ∧ F ], with F the YM field strength. The Chern-Simons diffusion rate is a crucial
Secondary ion mass spectroscopy (SIMS)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Naik, P.K.
1975-01-01
Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS) which is primarily a method for investigating the chemical composition of the uppermost atomic layer of solid surfaces is explained. In this method, the specimen is bombarded with a primary positive ion beam of small current density monolayer. Positive and negative ions sputtered from the specimen are mass analysed to give the surface chemical composition. The analytical system which consists of a primary ion source, a target manipulator and a mass spectrometer housed in an ultrahigh vacuum system is described. This method can also be used for profile measurements in thin films by using higher current densities of the primary ions. Fields of application such as surface reactions, semiconductors, thin films emission processes, chemistry, metallurgy are touched upon. Various aspects of this method such as the sputtering process, instrumentation, and applications are discussed. (K.B.)
Anyonic states in Chern-Simons theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Haller, K.; Lim-Lombridas, E.
1994-01-01
We discuss the canonical quantization of Chern-Simons theory in 2+1 dimensions, minimally coupled to a Dirac spinor field, first in the temporal gauge and then in the Coulomb gauge. In our temporal gauge formulation, Gauss's law and the gauge condition A 0 =0 are implemented by embedding the formulation in an appropriate physical subspace. We construct a Fock space of charged particle states that satisfy Gauss's law, and show that they obey fermion, not fractional statistics. The gauge-invariant spinor field that creates these charged states from the vacuum obeys the anticommutation rules that generally apply to spinor fields. The Hamiltonian, when described in the representation in which the charged fermions are the propagating particle excitations that obey Gauss's law, contains an interaction between charge and transverse current densities. We observe that the implementation of Gauss's law and the gauge condition does not require us to use fields with graded commutator algebras or particle excitations with fractional statistics. In our Coulomb gauge formulation, we implement Gauss's law and the gauge condition ∂ l A l =0 by the Dirac-Bergmann procedure. In this formulation, the constrained gauge fields become functionals of the spinor fields, and are not independent degrees of freedom. The formulation in the Coulomb gauge confirms the results we obtained in the temporal gauge: The ''Dirac-Bergmann'' anticommutation rule for the charged spinor fiels ψ and ψ degree that have both been constrained to obey Gauss's law is precisely identical to the canonical spinor anticommutation rule that generates standard fermion statistics. And we also show that the Hamiltonians for charged particle states in our temporal and Coulomb gauge formulations are identical, once Gauss's law has been implemented in both cases
Dirac matrices for Chern-Simons gravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Izaurieta, Fernando; Ramirez, Ricardo; Rodriguez, Eduardo [Departamento de Matematica y Fisica Aplicadas, Universidad Catolica de la Santisima Concepcion, Alonso de Ribera 2850, 4090541 Concepcion (Chile)
2012-10-06
A genuine gauge theory for the Poincare, de Sitter or anti-de Sitter algebras can be constructed in (2n- 1)-dimensional spacetime by means of the Chern-Simons form, yielding a gravitational theory that differs from General Relativity but shares many of its properties, such as second order field equations for the metric. The particular form of the Lagrangian is determined by a rank n, symmetric tensor invariant under the relevant algebra. In practice, the calculation of this invariant tensor can be reduced to the computation of the trace of the symmetrized product of n Dirac Gamma matrices {Gamma}{sub ab} in 2n-dimensional spacetime. While straightforward in principle, this calculation can become extremely cumbersome in practice. For large enough n, existing computer algebra packages take an inordinate long time to produce the answer or plainly fail having used up all available memory. In this talk we show that the general formula for the trace of the symmetrized product of 2n Gamma matrices {Gamma}{sub ab} can be written as a certain sum over the integer partitions s of n, with every term being multiplied by a numerical cofficient {alpha}{sub s}. We then give a general algorithm that computes the {alpha}-coefficients as the solution of a linear system of equations generated by evaluating the general formula for different sets of tensors B{sup ab} with random numerical entries. A recurrence relation between different coefficients is shown to hold and is used in a second, 'minimal' algorithm to greatly speed up the computations. Runtime of the minimal algorithm stays below 1 min on a typical desktop computer for up to n = 25, which easily covers all foreseeable applications of the trace formula.
Simon Newcomb, Other Aspects of His Career
Corbin, Brenda G.
2014-01-01
Simon Newcomb (1835-1909) is perhaps the best known American astronomer of the late 19th century. Among the many aspects of his long career, he was one of the founders and the first president of what later became the American Astronomical Society. However, he wrote widely on subjects other than astronomy, even producing works of fiction. He was especially interested in economics and published such titles as A critical examination of our financial policy during the Southern rebellion, A plain man's talk on the labor question, Principles of political economy and others. The very interesting title, A statistical inquiry into the probability of causes of the production of sex in human offspring was written in 1904. Newcomb even produced a work of science fiction, His Wisdom, the Defender: a story, published in 1900. William Alvord, President of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, on awarding Newcomb the Bruce Medal stated “The essential quality of his mind is that of a philosopher rather than that of a mathematician or an astronomer merely.” It has been suggested (Bradley Schaefer and others) that Arthur Conan Doyle used Newcomb as the model for Prof. Moriarty in his Sherlock Holmes novels. He had close friendships with many scientists of his time including Alexander Graham Bell. On the other hand, it has been reported that he also had contentious relationships with some scientists and could be intimidating. A devoted family man, he encouraged his three daughters in their intellectual pursuits. Newcomb, who held naval rank in the Corps of Professors of Mathematics, was buried in Arlington National Cemetery with full military honors. His funeral was attended by many noted scientists and other dignitaries including President William Howard Taft.
siMS Score: Simple Method for Quantifying Metabolic Syndrome
Soldatovic, Ivan; Vukovic, Rade; Culafic, Djordje; Gajic, Milan; Dimitrijevic-Sreckovic, Vesna
2016-01-01
Objective To evaluate siMS score and siMS risk score, novel continuous metabolic syndrome scores as methods for quantification of metabolic status and risk. Materials and Methods Developed siMS score was calculated using formula: siMS score = 2*Waist/Height + Gly/5.6 + Tg/1.7 + TAsystolic/130?HDL/1.02 or 1.28 (for male or female subjects, respectively). siMS risk score was calculated using formula: siMS risk score = siMS score * age/45 or 50 (for male or female subjects, respectively) * famil...
Visual versus auditory Simon effect: A behavioural and physiological investigation.
D'Ascenzo, Stefania; Lugli, Luisa; Baroni, Giulia; Guidotti, Roberto; Rubichi, Sandro; Iani, Cristina; Nicoletti, Roberto
2018-04-01
This study investigated whether the visual and auditory Simon effects could be accounted for by the same mechanism. In a single experiment, we performed a detailed comparison of the visual and the auditory Simon effects arising in behavioural responses and in pupil dilation, a psychophysiological measure considered as a marker of the cognitive effort induced by conflict processing. To address our question, we performed sequential and distributional analyses on both reaction times and pupil dilation. Results confirmed that the mechanisms underlying the visual and auditory Simon effects are functionally equivalent in terms of the interaction between unconditional and conditional response processes. The two modalities, however, differ with respect to the strength of their activation and inhibition. Importantly, pupillary data mirrored the pattern observed in behavioural data for both tasks, adding physiological evidence to the current literature on the processing of visual and auditory information in a conflict task.
Symmetries and gravitational Chern–Simons Lagrangian terms
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bonora, L.; Cvitan, M.; Dominis Prester, P.; Pallua, S.; Smolić, I.
2013-01-01
We consider some general consequences of adding pure gravitational Chern–Simons term to manifestly diff-covariant theories of gravity, focusing essentially on spacetimes with D>3. Extending the result of a previous paper we enlarge the class of metrics for which the inclusion of a gravitational Chern–Simons term in the action does not affect solutions and corresponding physical quantities. In the case in which such solutions describe black holes (of general horizon topology) we show that the black hole entropy is also unchanged. We arrive at these conclusions by proving three general theorems and studying their consequences. One of the theorems states that the contribution of the gravitational Chern–Simons to the black hole entropy is invariant under local rescaling of the metric
Anyons in discrete gauge theories with Chern-Simons terms
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bais, F.A.; Driel, P. van; Wild Propitius, M. de
1993-01-01
A gauge theory with a discrete group H in (2+1)-dimensional space-time is known to describe (non-abelian) anyons. We study the effect of adding a Chern-Simons term to such a theory. As in a previous paper, we emphasize the algebraic structure underlying a discrete H gauge theory, namely the Hopf algebra D(H). For H≅Z N , we argue on physical grounds that a Chern-Simons term in the action leads to a non-trivial 3-cocycle on D(H). Accordingly, the physically inequivalent models are labeled by the elements of the cohomology group H 3 (H, U(1)). It depends periodically on the coefficient of the Chern-Simons term which model is realized. This establishes a relation with the discrete topological field theories of Dijkgraaf and Witten. We extrapolate these results to non-abelian H, and work out the representative example H≅anti D 2 . (orig.)
Lecture notes on Chern-Simons-Witten theory
Hu, Sen
2001-01-01
This invaluable monograph has arisen in part from E Witten's lectures on topological quantum field theory in the spring of 1989 at Princeton University. At that time Witten unified several important mathematical works in terms of quantum field theory, most notably the Donaldson polynomial, the Gromov-Floer homology and the Jones polynomials. In his lectures, among other things, Witten explained his intrinsic three-dimensional construction of Jones polynomials via Chern-Simons gauge theory. He provided both a rigorous proof of the geometric quantization of the Chern-Simons action and a very ill
Chern-Simons terms and cocycles in physics and mathematics
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Jackiw, R.
1984-12-01
Contemporary topological research in Yang-Mills theory is reviewed, emphasizing the Chern-Simons terms and their relatives. Three applications of the Chern-Simons terms in physical theory are described: to help understanding gauge theories in even dimensional space-time; gauge field dynamics in odd dimensional space-time; and mathematically coherent description of even-dimensional gauge theories with chiral fermions that are apparently inconsistent due to chiral anomalies. Discussion of these applications is preceded by explanation of the mathematical preliminaries and examples in simple quantum mechanical settings. 24 refs. (LEW)
The A-polynomial in Chern-Simons theory
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Malusà, Alessandro
One of the most amusing aspects of mathematical physics is the great variety of areas of mathematics it relates to, and builds bridges between. The world of TQFT’s, and in particular Chern-Simons, relates to algebraic geometry via the theory of moduli spaces: one example of this is given by the A......-polynomial. This knot invariant is obtained from the algebraic geometry of character varieties, and takes the meaning of the equation of a constraint central in Chern-Simons theory. In my poster I wish to expose the construction of this invariant, and highlight its strong ties with mathematical physics....
Even-dimensional topological gravity from Chern-Simons gravity
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Merino, N.; Perez, A.; Salgado, P.
2009-01-01
It is shown that the topological action for gravity in 2n-dimensions can be obtained from the (2n+1)-dimensional Chern-Simons gravity genuinely invariant under the Poincare group. The 2n-dimensional topological gravity is described by the dynamics of the boundary of a (2n+1)-dimensional Chern-Simons gravity theory with suitable boundary conditions. The field φ a , which is necessary to construct this type of topological gravity in even dimensions, is identified with the coset field associated with the non-linear realizations of the Poincare group ISO(d-1,1).
Nontopological bare solutions in the relativistic self-dual Maxwell-Chern-Simons-Higgs model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Han, Jongmin; Jang, Jaeduk
2005-01-01
In this paper we prove the existence of the radially symmetric nontopological bare solutions in the relativistic self-dual Maxwell-Chern-Simons-Higgs model. We also verify the Chern-Simons limit for those solutions
Self-dual Maxwell-Chern-Simons theory on a cylinder
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Han, Jongmin; Kim, Seongtag
2011-01-01
In this paper, we study the relativistic Maxwell-Chern-Simons vortices on an asymptotically flat cylinder. A topological multivortex solution is constructed by variational methods, and the Maxwell and the Chern-Simons limits are verified.
Chern-Simons as a geometrical set up for three dimensional gauge theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lemes, V.E.R; Jesus, C. Linhares de; Sorella, S.P.; Villar, L.C.Q.; Ventura, O.S.
1997-12-01
Three dimensional Yang-Mills gauge theories in the presence of the Chern-Simons action are seen as being generated by the pure topological Chern-Simons term through nonlinear covariant redefinitions of the gauge field. (author)
Teichmüller TQFT vs. Chern-Simons theory
Mikhaylov, Victor
2018-04-01
Teichmüller TQFT is a unitary 3d topological theory whose Hilbert spaces are spanned by Liouville conformal blocks. It is related but not identical to PSL(2, ℝ) Chern-Simons theory. To physicists, it is known in particular in the context of 3d-3d correspondence and also in the holographic description of Virasoro conformal blocks. We propose that this theory can be defined by an analytically-continued Chern-Simons path-integral with an unusual integration cycle. On hyperbolic three-manifolds, this cycle is singled out by the requirement of invertible vielbein. Mathematically, our proposal translates a known conjecture by Andersen and Kashaev into a conjecture about the Kapustin-Witten equations. We further explain that Teichmüller TQFT is dual to complex SL(2, ℂ) Chern-Simons theory at integer level k = 1, clarifying some puzzles previously encountered in the 3d-3d correspondence literature. We also present a new simple derivation of complex Chern-Simons theories from the 6d (2,0) theory on a lens space with a transversely-holomorphic foliation.
Simone de Beauvoir, un filósofo libre
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Carlos Delgado Nieto
1966-11-01
Full Text Available Los críticos, en su afán de clasificar a los escritores, de rotularlos, han matriculado a Simone de Beauvoir en el existencialismo, y a este patrón acomodan inflexiblemente todas las ideas y las situaciones novelísticas que da a conocer la escritora francesa.
THE PORTRAITS OF SIMON VAN DER STEL, FIRST GOVERNOR ...
African Journals Online (AJOL)
The Stichting moreover reported that in its opinion the subject of the portrait was not Willem (Adriaan), but his father Simon van der Stel, and the youth on the horse, one of the latter's children. This hypothesis was based not exclusively on the date assigned to the painting, but also on the outward appearance of its subject.
Equivalence of several Chern-Simons matter models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Chen, W.; Itoi, C.
1994-01-01
Chern-Simons (CS) coupling characterizes not only statistics, but also spin and scaling dimension of matter fields. We demonstrate spin transmutation in relativistic CS matter theory, and moreover show equivalence of several models. We study the CS vector model in some detail, which provides a consistent check to the assertion of the equivalence
Book Review: Jack Simons: Teacher, Scholar, Comrade: A Jacana ...
African Journals Online (AJOL)
Book Title: Jack Simons: Teacher, Scholar, Comrade: A Jacana Pocket Biography. Book Author: Hugh Macmillan. Jacana: Auckland Park, 2016. 167 pp. Full Text: EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT · AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL.
SU(2) Chern-Simons theory at genus zero
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gawedzki, K.; Kupiainen, A.
1991-01-01
We present a detailed study of the Schroedinger picture space of states in the SU(2) Chern-Simons topological gauge theory in the simplest geometry. The space coincides with that of the solutions of the chiral Ward identities for the WZW model. We prove that its dimension is given by E. Verlinde's formulae. (orig.)
Dissociating Simon and affordance compatibility effects: silhouettes and photographs.
Pappas, Zissis
2014-12-01
When a graspable object's handle is oriented to the same side as the response hand, responses are quicker and more accurate than when it is oriented to the opposite side. This effect has been attributed to the affordance of the object's handle (Tucker & Ellis, 1998). Recent findings suggest this effect results instead from an abstract spatial response code (i.e., Simon effect; Cho & Proctor, 2010). However, the stimuli used in these previous studies differ in the amount of object and environmental depth information they contain, which may be critical to conveying an affordance. This information could explain these disparate findings as well as dissociate Simon and affordance compatibility effects. Four experiments demonstrate that the Simon effect results from the absence of this information, as in a silhouette, and the affordance effect results from its presence, as in a photograph. A fifth experiment confirmed that modifying information associated with the affordance, rather than the modification itself, produced the effects observed in the previous experiments. These findings support the following: (a) the internal details of an object and environmental depth can dissociate Simon and affordance compatibility effects, (b) this information is necessary to convey the object's graspable affordance, and (c) the outer shape of the object is not sufficient to elicit an affordance effect. These findings are discussed in relation to the theory of embodied cognition. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Grains of Truth: A Rumination and Poem for Roger Simon
Leggo, Carl
2014-01-01
In this article, the author, a professor, muses over his educational life and the troublesome times he faced. He remarks that he was glad to have had wise voices who could call him to other possibilities, visions, and stories. Roger Simon was one of the most important wise voices he heard, and this sustained the spirit of his work. While many…
Gauge fixing of Chern-Simons N-extended supergravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ney, W G [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas (CBPF), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Centro Federal de Educacao Tecnologica (CEFET), Campos dos Goytacazes, RJ (Brazil); Piguet, O [Universidade Federal do Espirito Santo (UFES), ES 29000-001, Vitoria (Brazil); Spalenza, W [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas (CBPF), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)
2004-08-01
We treat N-extended supergravity in 2+1 space-time dimensions as a Yang-Mills gauge field with Chern-Simons action associated to the N-extended Poincare supergroup. We fix the gauge of this theory within the Batalin-Vilkovisky scheme. (orig.)
Gauge fixing of Chern-Simons N-extended supergravity
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ney, W.G.; Piguet, O.; Spalenza, W.
2004-01-01
We treat N-extended supergravity in 2+1 space-time dimensions as a Yang-Mills gauge field with Chern-Simons action associated to the N-extended Poincare supergroup. We fix the gauge of this theory within the Batalin-Vilkovisky scheme. (orig.)
Attention, Asceticism, and Grace: Simone Weil and Higher Education
Roberts, Peter
2011-01-01
The work of the French thinker Simone Weil has exerted an important influence on scholars in a wide range of fields. To date, however, her writings have attracted comparatively little interest from educationists. This article discusses some of the key concepts in Weil's philosophy--gravity, grace, decreation, and attention--and assesses their…
Tertiary classes–after Chern-Simons theory
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
J.N. Iyer Institute of Mathematical Sciences Chennai, India
2013-11-08
Nov 8, 2013 ... Euler characteristic class. In early twentieth century, the notion of local product structure, i.e. fiber spaces and their generalizations appeared, in the study of topological spaces (with additional structures). J.N. Iyer. IMSc, Chennai. Tertiary classes–after Chern-Simons theory ...
Pierre-Simon de Fermat (1601-1665)
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 1; Issue 1. Pierre-Simon de Fermat (1601-1665). Featured Scientist Volume 1 Issue 1 January 1996 pp 130-130. Fulltext. Click here to view fulltext PDF. Permanent link: https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/reso/001/01/0130-0130. Resonance – Journal of ...
siMS Score: Simple Method for Quantifying Metabolic Syndrome.
Soldatovic, Ivan; Vukovic, Rade; Culafic, Djordje; Gajic, Milan; Dimitrijevic-Sreckovic, Vesna
2016-01-01
To evaluate siMS score and siMS risk score, novel continuous metabolic syndrome scores as methods for quantification of metabolic status and risk. Developed siMS score was calculated using formula: siMS score = 2*Waist/Height + Gly/5.6 + Tg/1.7 + TAsystolic/130-HDL/1.02 or 1.28 (for male or female subjects, respectively). siMS risk score was calculated using formula: siMS risk score = siMS score * age/45 or 50 (for male or female subjects, respectively) * family history of cardio/cerebro-vascular events (event = 1.2, no event = 1). A sample of 528 obese and non-obese participants was used to validate siMS score and siMS risk score. Scores calculated as sum of z-scores (each component of metabolic syndrome regressed with age and gender) and sum of scores derived from principal component analysis (PCA) were used for evaluation of siMS score. Variants were made by replacing glucose with HOMA in calculations. Framingham score was used for evaluation of siMS risk score. Correlation between siMS score with sum of z-scores and weighted sum of factors of PCA was high (r = 0.866 and r = 0.822, respectively). Correlation between siMS risk score and log transformed Framingham score was medium to high for age groups 18+,30+ and 35+ (0.835, 0.707 and 0.667, respectively). siMS score and siMS risk score showed high correlation with more complex scores. Demonstrated accuracy together with superior simplicity and the ability to evaluate and follow-up individual patients makes siMS and siMS risk scores very convenient for use in clinical practice and research as well.
SIMS device with quadrupole mass spectrometer
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Szigethy, D.; Riedel, M.
1980-01-01
A versatile secondary ion mass spectrometer (SIMS) has been designed and constructed. The device is applicable for dinamic and static SIMS investigations. The sputtering and ionisation can be studied simultaneously. Oil diffusion pumps and an auxiliary ion-getter pump are used. A commercial ion gun is used in the working chamber. The secondary ion optics assures the preliminary filtering of fast ions, and the collection of sputtered ions for a separate microprobe analysis. The performance of the apparatus is illustrated with examples. (R.J.)
A Sim(2 invariant dimensional regularization
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
J. Alfaro
2017-09-01
Full Text Available We introduce a Sim(2 invariant dimensional regularization of loop integrals. Then we can compute the one loop quantum corrections to the photon self energy, electron self energy and vertex in the Electrodynamics sector of the Very Special Relativity Standard Model (VSRSM.
SIMS Prototype System 4: performance test report
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
1978-10-09
The results obtained during testing of a self-contained, preassembled air type solar system, designed for installation remote from the dwelling, to provide space heating and hot water are presented. Data analysis is included which documents the system performance and verifies the suitability of SIMS Prototype System 4 for field installation.
Uranium concentrations in fossils measured by SIMS
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Uyeda, Chiaki; Okano, Jun
1988-01-01
Semiquantitative analyses of uranium in fossil bones and teeth were carried out by SIMS. The results show a tendency that uranium concentrations in the fossils increase with the ages of the fossils. It is noticed that fossil bones and teeth having uranium concentration of more than several hundred ppm are not rare. (author)
Integrable lambda models and Chern-Simons theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Schmidtt, David M.
2017-01-01
In this note we reveal a connection between the phase space of lambda models on S 1 ×ℝ and the phase space of double Chern-Simons theories on D×ℝ and explain in the process the origin of the non-ultralocality of the Maillet bracket, which emerges as a boundary algebra. In particular, this means that the (classical) AdS 5 ×S 5 lambda model can be understood as a double Chern-Simons theory defined on the Lie superalgebra psu(2,2|4) after a proper dependence of the spectral parameter is introduced. This offers a possibility for avoiding the use of the problematic non-ultralocal Poisson algebras that preclude the introduction of lattice regularizations and the application of the QISM to string sigma models. The utility of the equivalence at the quantum level is, however, still to be explored.
A Lie based 4-dimensional higher Chern-Simons theory
Zucchini, Roberto
2016-05-01
We present and study a model of 4-dimensional higher Chern-Simons theory, special Chern-Simons (SCS) theory, instances of which have appeared in the string literature, whose symmetry is encoded in a skeletal semistrict Lie 2-algebra constructed from a compact Lie group with non discrete center. The field content of SCS theory consists of a Lie valued 2-connection coupled to a background closed 3-form. SCS theory enjoys a large gauge and gauge for gauge symmetry organized in an infinite dimensional strict Lie 2-group. The partition function of SCS theory is simply related to that of a topological gauge theory localizing on flat connections with degree 3 second characteristic class determined by the background 3-form. Finally, SCS theory is related to a 3-dimensional special gauge theory whose 2-connection space has a natural symplectic structure with respect to which the 1-gauge transformation action is Hamiltonian, the 2-curvature map acting as moment map.
String theory duals of Lifshitz–Chern–Simons gauge theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Balasubramanian, Koushik; McGreevy, John
2012-01-01
We propose candidate gravity duals for a class of non-Abelian z = 2 Lifshitz Chern–Simons (LCS) gauge theories studied by Mulligan, Kachru and Nayak. These are nonrelativistic gauge theories in 2+1 dimensions in which parity and time-reversal symmetries are explicitly broken by the presence of a Chern–Simons term. We show that these field theories can be realized as deformations of DLCQ N=4 super Yang–Mills theory. Using the holographic dictionary, we identify the bulk fields of type IIB supergravity that are dual to these deformations. The geometries describing the groundstates of the non-Abelian LCS gauge theories realized here exhibit a mass gap. (paper)
The Life and Work of Marvin Kenneth Simon
Alouini, Mohamed-Slim
2016-12-30
It is a measure of the importance and profundity of Marvin Kenneth Simon\\'s contributions to communication theory that a tribute article and tutorial about his life and work is of current research relevance in spite of the continually accelerating rate of evolution in this area. Marv, as the entire community affectionately knew him, was one of the most prolific and influential communications researchers of his generation. Moreover, he laid the foundation for many of the techniques used in communication systems today. Marv\\'s death on September 23, 2007 continues to engender pangs not only of sadness at the passing of a great friend to many in our community, but also of regret that he is no longer with us to help in resolving the many challenges facing communication systems today.
The dynamical structure of higher dimensional Chern-Simons theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Banados, M.; Garay, L.J.; Henneaux, M.
1996-01-01
Higher dimensional Chern-Simons theories, even though constructed along the same topological pattern as in 2+1 dimensions, have been shown recently to have generically a non-vanishing number of degrees of freedom. In this paper, we carry out the complete Dirac Hamiltonian analysis (separation of first and second class constraints and calculation of the Dirac bracket) for a group G x U(1). We also study the algebra of surface charges that arise in the presence of boundaries and show that it is isomorphic to the WZW 4 discussed in the literature. Some applications are then considered. It is shown, in particular, that Chern-Simons gravity in dimensions greater than or equal to five has a propagating torsion. (orig.)
Matrix model as a mirror of Chern-Simons theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Aganagic, Mina; Klemm, Albrecht; Marino, Marcos; Vafa, Cumrun
2004-01-01
Using mirror symmetry, we show that Chern-Simons theory on certain manifolds such as lens spaces reduces to a novel class of Hermitian matrix models, where the measure is that of unitary matrix models. We show that this agrees with the more conventional canonical quantization of Chern-Simons theory. Moreover, large N dualities in this context lead to computation of all genus A-model topological amplitudes on toric Calabi-Yau manifolds in terms of matrix integrals. In the context of type IIA superstring compactifications on these Calabi-Yau manifolds with wrapped D6 branes (which are dual to M-theory on G2 manifolds) this leads to engineering and solving F-terms for N=1 supersymmetric gauge theories with superpotentials involving certain multi-trace operators. (author)
La escritura de Simone de Beauvoir como proyecto global
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Olga Grau Duhart
2014-05-01
Full Text Available El artículo señala algunas de las propiedades de la escritura de Simone de Beauvoir, escritura que, si bien adopta diversos registros, condensa su preocupación filosófica de afirmación plena de la existencia y del llegar a ser a partir del ejercicio de la acción de escribir. Uno de los conceptos clave del existencialismo es el de proyecto, que en su caso particular se resuelve globalmente como escritura, movida, en particular, por la pulsión de comprensión del mundo y de la manifestación de una voluntad emancipatoria. La escritura de Simone de Beauvoir es medio y fin para el cumplimiento de su proyecto esencial de saber y comprender el mundo y actuar en él.
Canonical sectors of five-dimensional Chern-Simons theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Miskovic, Olivera; Troncoso, Ricardo; Zanelli, Jorge
2005-01-01
The dynamics of five-dimensional Chern-Simons theories is analyzed. These theories are characterized by intricate self couplings which give rise to dynamical features not present in standard theories. As a consequence, Dirac's canonical formalism cannot be directly applied due to the presence of degeneracies of the symplectic form and irregularities of the constraints on some surfaces of phase space, obscuring the dynamical content of these theories. Here we identify conditions that define sectors where the canonical formalism can be applied for a class of non-Abelian Chern-Simons theories, including supergravity. A family of solutions satisfying the canonical requirements is explicitly found. The splitting between first and second class constraints is performed around these backgrounds, allowing the construction of the charge algebra, including its central extension
Transgression forms and extensions of Chern-Simons gauge theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Mora, Pablo; Olea, Rodrigo; Troncoso, Ricardo; Zanelli, Jorge
2006-01-01
A gauge invariant action principle, based on the idea of transgression forms, is proposed. The action extends the Chern-Simons form by the addition of a boundary term that makes the action gauge invariant (and not just quasi-invariant). Interpreting the spacetime manifold as cobordant to another one, the duplication of gauge fields in spacetime is avoided. The advantages of this approach are particularly noticeable for the gravitation theory described by a Chern-Simons lagrangian for the AdS group, in which case the action is regularized and finite for black hole geometries in diverse situations. Black hole thermodynamics is correctly reproduced using either a background field approach or a background-independent setting, even in cases with asymptotically nontrivial topologies. It is shown that the energy found from the thermodynamic analysis agrees with the surface integral obtained by direct application of Noether's theorem
Chern-Simons matrix models and unoriented strings
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Halmagyi, Nick; Yasnov, Vadim
2004-01-01
For matrix models with measure on the Lie algebra of SO/Sp, the sub-leading free energy is given by F 1 (S) ±{1/4}({δF 0 (S)}/{δS}). Motivated by the fact that this relationship does not hold for Chern-Simons theory on S 3 , we calculate the sub-leading free energy in the matrix model for this theory, which is a Gaussian matrix model with Haar measure on the group SO/Sp. We derive a quantum loop equation for this matrix model and then find that F 1 is an integral of the leading order resolvent over the spectral curve. We explicitly calculate this integral for quadratic potential and find agreement with previous studies of SO/Sp Chern-Simons theory. (author)
Integrable lambda models and Chern-Simons theories
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Schmidtt, David M. [Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal de São Carlos,Caixa Postal 676, CEP 13565-905, São Carlos-SP (Brazil)
2017-05-03
In this note we reveal a connection between the phase space of lambda models on S{sup 1}×ℝ and the phase space of double Chern-Simons theories on D×ℝ and explain in the process the origin of the non-ultralocality of the Maillet bracket, which emerges as a boundary algebra. In particular, this means that the (classical) AdS{sub 5}×S{sup 5} lambda model can be understood as a double Chern-Simons theory defined on the Lie superalgebra psu(2,2|4) after a proper dependence of the spectral parameter is introduced. This offers a possibility for avoiding the use of the problematic non-ultralocal Poisson algebras that preclude the introduction of lattice regularizations and the application of the QISM to string sigma models. The utility of the equivalence at the quantum level is, however, still to be explored.
Chern-Simons theory and three-dimensional surfaces
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Guven, Jemal
2007-01-01
There are two natural Chern-Simons theories associated with the embedding of a three-dimensional surface in Euclidean space: one is constructed using the induced metric connection and involves only the intrinsic geometry? the other is extrinsic and uses the connection associated with the gauging of normal rotations. As such, the two theories appear to describe very different aspects of the surface geometry. Remarkably, at a classical level, they are equivalent. In particular, it will be shown that their stress tensors differ only by a null contribution. Their Euler-Lagrange equations provide identical constraints on the normal curvature. A new identity for the Cotton tensor is associated with the triviality of the Chern-Simons theory for embedded hypersurfaces implied by this equivalence
Relative-observer definition of the Simon tensor
Bini, Donato; Geralico, Andrea
2018-05-01
The definition of the Simon tensor, originally given only in Kerr spacetime and associated with the static family of observers, is generalized to any spacetime and to any possible observer family. Such generalization is obtained by a standard ‘3 + 1’ splitting of the Bianchi identities, which are rewritten here as a ‘balance equation’ between various spatial fields, associated with the kinematical properties of the observer congruence and representing the spacetime curvature.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Bosi Ecléa
2003-01-01
Full Text Available O artigo trata da categoria da atenção à luz do pensamento de Simone Weil. Embora de natureza filosófica e inspirada em fontes bramanísticas, essa "doutrina da atenção" que deriva não só do pensamento mas da própria vida de sua autora apresenta interesse especial para a Psicologia.
Maxwell-Chern-Simons theory for curved spacetime backgrounds
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kant, E.; Klinkhamer, F.R.
2005-01-01
We consider a modified version of four-dimensional electrodynamics, which has a photonic Chern-Simons-like term with spacelike background vector in the action. Light propagation in curved spacetime backgrounds is discussed using the geometrical-optics approximation. The corresponding light path is modified, which allows for new effects. In a Schwarzschild background, for example, there now exist stable bounded orbits of light rays and the two polarization modes of light rays in unbounded orbits can have different gravitational redshifts
Friedan-Shenker bundle from Chern-Simons theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Falceto, F.
1990-01-01
In this letter we present a proof of the invariance of the space of quantum states of the Chern-Simons (CS) theory in the presence of Wilson lines under parallel transport with respect to the Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov (KZ) connection for the case of a simple, simply connected, finite-dimensional group and genus-zero surface. The proof is based on the polynomial realization of the space of tensors in which these quantum states take values. (orig.)
Accelerated FRW solutions in Chern-Simons gravity
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Cataldo, Mauricio; Crisostomo, Juan; Gomez, Fernando; Salgado, Patricio; Campo, Sergio del; Quinzacara, Cristian C.
2014-01-01
We consider a five-dimensional Einstein-Chern-Simons action which is composed of a gravitational sector and a sector of matter where the gravitational sector is given by a Chern-Simons gravity action instead of the Einstein-Hilbert action and where the matter sector is given by the so-called perfect fluid. It is shown that (i) the Einstein-Chern-Simons (EChS) field equations subject to suitable conditions can be written in a similar way to the Einstein-Maxwell field equations; (ii) these equations have solutions that describe an accelerated expansion for the three possible cosmological models of the universe, namely, spherical expansion, flat expansion, and hyperbolic expansion when α a parameter of the theory, is greater than zero. This result allows us to conjecture that these solutions are compatible with the era of dark energy and that the energy-momentum tensor for the field h a , a bosonic gauge field from the Chern-Simons gravity action, corresponds to a form of positive cosmological constant. It is also shown that the EChS field equations have solutions compatible with the era of matter: (i) In the case of an open universe, the solutions correspond to an accelerated expansion (α > 0) with a minimum scale factor at initial time that, when time goes to infinity, the scale factor behaves as a hyperbolic sine function. (ii) In the case of a flat universe, the solutions describe an accelerated expansion whose scale factor behaves as an exponential function of time. (iii) In the case of a closed universe there is found only one solution for a universe in expansion, which behaves as a hyperbolic cosine function of time. (orig.)
Pure Lovelock gravity and Chern-Simons theory
Concha, P. K.; Durka, R.; Inostroza, C.; Merino, N.; Rodríguez, E. K.
2016-07-01
We explore the possibility of finding pure Lovelock gravity as a particular limit of a Chern-Simons action for a specific expansion of the AdS algebra in odd dimensions. We derive in detail this relation at the level of the action in five and seven dimensions. We provide a general result for higher dimensions and discuss some issues arising from the obtained dynamics.
Topochemical Analysis of Cell Wall Components by TOF-SIMS.
Aoki, Dan; Fukushima, Kazuhiko
2017-01-01
Time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS) is a recently developing analytical tool and a type of imaging mass spectrometry. TOF-SIMS provides mass spectral information with a lateral resolution on the order of submicrons, with widespread applicability. Sometimes, it is described as a surface analysis method without the requirement for sample pretreatment; however, several points need to be taken into account for the complete utilization of the capabilities of TOF-SIMS. In this chapter, we introduce methods for TOF-SIMS sample treatments, as well as basic knowledge of wood samples TOF-SIMS spectral and image data analysis.
Cosmology from CMB Polarization with POLARBEAR and the Simons Array
Barron, Darcy; POLARBEAR Collaboration
2018-01-01
POLARBEAR is a cosmic microwave background (CMB) polarization experiment located in the Atacama desert in Chile. The science goals of the POLARBEAR project are to do a deep search for CMB B-mode polarization created by inflationary gravitational waves, as well as characterize the CMB B-mode signal from gravitational lensing. POLARBEAR-1 started observations in 2012, and the POLARBEAR team has published a series of results from its first season of observations, including the first measurement of a non-zero B-mode polarization angular power spectrum, measured at sub-degree scales where the dominant signal is gravitational lensing of the CMB. Recently, we released an improved measurement of the B-mode polarization power spectrum, improving our band-power uncertainties by a factor of two, by adding new data from our second observing season and re-analyzing the combined data set.To further improve on these measurements, POLARBEAR is expanding to include an additional two telescopes with multi-chroic receivers observing at 95, 150, 220, and 270 GHz, known as the Simons Array. With high sensitivity and large sky coverage, the Simons Array will create a detailed survey of B-mode polarization, and its spectral information will be used to extract the CMB signal from astrophysical foregrounds. We will present the latest POLARBEAR results, as well as the status of development of the Simons Array and its expected capabilities.
Combinatorial quantization of the Hamiltonian Chern-Simons theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Alekseev, A.Yu.; Grosse, H.; Schomerus, V.
1996-01-01
This paper further develops the combinatorial approach to quantization of the Hamiltonian Chern Simons theory. Using the theory of quantum Wilson lines, we show how the Verlinde algebra appears within the context of quantum group gauge theory. This allows to discuss flatness of quantum connections so that we can give a mathematically rigorous definition of the algebra of observables A CS of the Chern Simons model. It is a *-algebra of ''functions on the quantum moduli space of flat connections'' and comes equipped with a positive functional ω (''integration''). We prove that this data does not depend on the particular choices which have been made in the construction. The algebra A CS provides a deformation quantization of the algebra of functions on the moduli space along the natural Poisson bracket induced by the Chern Simons action. We evaluate a volume of the quantized moduli space and prove that it coincides with the Verlinde number. This answer is also interpreted as a partition partition function of the lattice Yang-Mills theory corresponding to a quantum gauge group. (orig.). With 1 fig
Extended charged events and Chern-Simons couplings
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bunster, Claudio; Gomberoff, Andres; Henneaux, Marc
2011-01-01
In three spacetime dimensions, the world volume of a magnetic source is a single point, a magnetically charged event. It has been shown long ago that in three-dimensional spacetime, the Chern-Simons coupling is quantized, because the magnetic event emits an electric charge which must be quantized according to the standard Dirac rule. Recently, the concept of dynamical extended charged events has been introduced, and it has been argued that they should play as central a role as that played by particles or ordinary branes. In this article, we show that in the presence of a Chern-Simons coupling, a magnetically charged extended event emits an extended object, which geometrically is just like a Dirac string, but it is observable, obeys equations of motion, and may be electrically charged. We write a complete action principle which accounts for this effect. The action involves two Chern-Simons terms, one integrated over spacetime and the other integrated over the world volume of the submanifold that is the union of the Dirac world sheet and the history of the emitted physical object. By demanding that the total charge emitted by a composite extended magnetic event be quantized according to Dirac's rule, we find a quantization condition for the Chern-Simons coupling. For a 1-form electric potential in D=2n+1 spacetime dimensions, the composite event is formed by n elementary extended magnetic events separated in time such that the product of their transverse spaces, together with the time axis, is the entire spacetime. We show that the emitted electric charge is given by the integral of the (n-1)-th exterior power of the electromagnetic field strength over the last elementary event, or, equivalently, over an appropriate closed surface. The extension to more general p-form potentials and higher dimensions is also discussed. For the case D=11, p=3, our result for the quantization of the Chern-Simons coupling was obtained previously in the context of M theory, an agreement
TOF-SIMS characterization of planktonic foraminifera
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Vering, G.; Crone, C.; Bijma, J.; Arlinghaus, H.F.
2003-01-01
Oceanic sediment properties that are closely related to former environmental (e.g. climatic) parameters are called 'proxies'. Planktonic foraminifera are small protists which make up part of the plankton. Certain element concentrations, element ratios and isotopic ratios of their calcite shell found in the sediment can be used as proxies reflecting the state of the ocean during the life of the animal; they supply useful information for the reconstruction of environmental parameters. Time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS) was used to examine the inner and outer part of foraminiferal shells, as well as foraminiferal shells dissolved in HCl. High resolution elemental images and mass spectra were obtained from the foraminifera. The data show that TOF-SIMS is a useful technique for determining the elemental distribution and for measuring isotope ratios such as δ 11 B with high precision in a single foraminiferal shell
TOF-SIMS characterization of planktonic foraminifera
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Vering, G.; Crone, C.; Bijma, J.; Arlinghaus, H.F
2003-01-15
Oceanic sediment properties that are closely related to former environmental (e.g. climatic) parameters are called 'proxies'. Planktonic foraminifera are small protists which make up part of the plankton. Certain element concentrations, element ratios and isotopic ratios of their calcite shell found in the sediment can be used as proxies reflecting the state of the ocean during the life of the animal; they supply useful information for the reconstruction of environmental parameters. Time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS) was used to examine the inner and outer part of foraminiferal shells, as well as foraminiferal shells dissolved in HCl. High resolution elemental images and mass spectra were obtained from the foraminifera. The data show that TOF-SIMS is a useful technique for determining the elemental distribution and for measuring isotope ratios such as {delta}{sup 11}B with high precision in a single foraminiferal shell.
Ionic secondary emission SIMS principles and instrumentation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Darque-Ceretti, E.; Migeon, H.N.; Aucouturier, M.
1998-01-01
The ionic analysis by secondary emission (SIMS) is one of material analysis based on the ions bombardment. That is micro-analysis method in taking into account that the dimensions of the analysed volume are under the micrometer. This paper details in a first part some ionic secondary emission principle to introduce a description of the instrumentation: microprobe, ions production, spectrometers. (A.L.B.)
SIMS analysis: Development and evaluation program summary
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Groenewold, G.S.; Appelhans, A.D.; Ingram, J.C.; Delmore, J.E.; Dahl, D.A.
1996-11-01
This report provides an overview of the ''SIMS Analysis: Development and Evaluation Program'', which was executed at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory from mid-FY-92 to the end of FY-96. It should be noted that prior to FY-1994 the name of the program was ''In-Situ SIMS Analysis''. This report will not go into exhaustive detail regarding program accomplishments, because this information is contained in annual reports which are referenced herein. In summary, the program resulted in the design and construction of an ion trap secondary ion mass spectrometer (IT-SIMS), which is capable of the rapid analysis of environmental samples for adsorbed surface contaminants. This instrument achieves efficient secondary ion desorption by use of a molecular, massive ReO 4 - primary ion particle. The instrument manages surface charge buildup using a self-discharging principle, which is compatible with the pulsed nature of the ion trap. The instrument can achieve high selectivity and sensitivity using its selective ion storage and MS/MS capability. The instrument was used for detection of tri-n-butyl phosphate, salt cake (tank cake) characterization, and toxic metal speciation studies (specifically mercury). Technology transfer was also an important component of this program. The approach that was taken toward technology transfer was that of component transfer. This resulted in transfer of data acquisition and instrument control software in FY-94, and ongoing efforts to transfer primary ion gun and detector technology to other manufacturers
Revised mechanism of Boyland-Sims oxidation.
Marjanović, Budimir; Juranić, Ivan; Cirić-Marjanović, Gordana
2011-04-21
New computational insights into the mechanism of the Boyland-Sims oxidation of arylamines with peroxydisulfate (S(2)O(8)(2-)) in an alkaline aqueous solution are presented. The key role of arylnitrenium cations, in the case of primary and secondary arylamines, and arylamine dications and immonium cations, in the case of tertiary arylamines, in the formation of corresponding o-aminoaryl sulfates, as prevalent soluble products, and oligoarylamines, as prevalent insoluble products, is proposed on the basis of the AM1 and RM1 computational study of the Boyland-Sims oxidation of aniline, ring-substituted (2-methylaniline, 3-methylaniline, 4-methylaniline, 2,6-dimethylaniline, anthranilic acid, 4-aminobenzoic acid, sulfanilic acid, sulfanilamide, 4-phenylaniline, 4-bromoaniline, 3-chloroaniline, and 2-nitroaniline) and N-substituted anilines (N-methylaniline, diphenylamine, and N,N-dimethylaniline). Arylnitrenium cations and sulfate anions (SO(4)(2-)) are generated by rate-determining two-electron oxidation of primary and secondary arylamines with S(2)O(8)(2-), while arylamine dications/immonium cations and SO(4)(2-) are initially formed by two-electron oxidation of tertiary arylamines with S(2)O(8)(2-). The subsequent regioselectivity-determining reaction of arylnitrenium cations/arylamine dications/immonium cations and SO(4)(2-), within the solvent cage, is computationally found to lead to the prevalent formation of o-aminoaryl sulfates. The formation of insoluble precipitates during the Boyland-Sims oxidation of arylamines was also computationally studied.
46 CFR 7.85 - St. Simons Island, GA to Little Talbot Island, FL.
2010-10-01
... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false St. Simons Island, GA to Little Talbot Island, FL. 7.85... BOUNDARY LINES Atlantic Coast § 7.85 St. Simons Island, GA to Little Talbot Island, FL. (a) A line drawn from latitude 31°04.1′ N. longitude 81°16.7′ W. (St. Simons Lighted Whistle Buoy “ST S”) to latitude 30...
The location-, word-, and arrow-based Simon effects: An ex-Gaussian analysis.
Luo, Chunming; Proctor, Robert W
2018-04-01
Task-irrelevant spatial information, conveyed by stimulus location, location word, or arrow direction, can influence the response to task-relevant attributes, generating the location-, word-, and arrow-based Simon effects. We examined whether different mechanisms are involved in the generation of these Simon effects by fitting a mathematical ex-Gaussian function to empirical response time (RT) distributions. Specifically, we tested whether which ex-Gaussian parameters (μ, σ, and τ) show Simon effects and whether the location-, word, and arrow-based effects are on different parameters. Results show that the location-based Simon effect occurred on mean RT and μ but not on τ, and a reverse Simon effect occurred on σ. In contrast, a positive word-based Simon effect was obtained on all these measures (including σ), and a positive arrow-based Simon effect was evident on mean RT, σ, and τ but not μ. The arrow-based Simon effect was not different from the word-based Simon effect on τ or σ but was on μ and mean RT. These distinct results on mean RT and ex-Gaussian parameters provide evidence that spatial information conveyed by the various location modes are different in the time-course of activation.
Abelian Chern endash Simons theory. II. A functional integral approach
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Manoliu, M.
1998-01-01
Following Witten, [Commun. Math. Phys. 21, 351 endash 399 (1989)] we approach the Abelian quantum Chern endash Simons (CS) gauge theory from a Feynman functional integral point of view. We show that for 3-manifolds with and without a boundary the formal functional integral definitions lead to mathematically proper expressions that agree with the results from the rigorous construction [J. Math. Phys. 39, 170 endash 206 (1998)] of the Abelian CS topological quantum field theory via geometric quantization. copyright 1998 American Institute of Physics
Light-front dynamics of Chern-Simons systems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Srivastava, P.P.
1994-10-01
The Chern-Simons theory coupled to complex scalars is quantized on the light-front in the local light-cone gauge by constructing the self-consistent Hamiltonian theory. It is shown that no inconsistency arises on using two local gauge-fixing conditions in the Dirac procedure. The light-front Hamiltonian turns out to be simple and the framework may be useful to construct renormalized field theory of particles with fractional statistics (anyons). The theory is shown to be relativistic and the extra term in the transformation of the matter field under space rotations, interpreted in previous works as anomaly, is argued to be gauge artefact. (author). 20 refs
Master Simon Rodriguez: A critical thinker of latin american education
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Uriel Antonio Hurtado Arias
2016-04-01
Full Text Available Lost educational proposals critical Latin American seems a quixotic action in the context of current political realities - economic neoliberal, where the call to the ephemeral and trivial market appears to be from Adorno and Horkheimer: the new “siren” or following the old thesis of Marx, “the new opium of the people”. This text intends to approach the thought of one of the initiators of the movement of popular education or education critic in Latin America; In fact, the teacher Simon Rodriguez (1769 - 1854
Solitons and bubbles in models with Chern-Simons term
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Masperi, L.
1992-07-01
It is shown that a gauge theory for complex scalar field with up to sextic self-interactions and a Chern-Simons term in 2 + 1 dimensions has solitons which may become bubbles of the stable broken-symmetry phase in a medium of the symmetric one producing the first-order phase transition. In the non-relativistic limit scale invariance prevents the determination of an optimal bubble size. Possible extensions to 3 + 1 dimensions of bubbles of string type are indicated. (author). 8 refs
Maxwell-Chern-Simons Casimir effect. II. Circular boundary conditions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Milton, K.A.; Ng, Y.J.
1992-01-01
In odd-dimensional spaces, gauge invariance permits a Chern-Simons mass term for the gauge fields in addition to the usual Maxwell-Yang-Mills kinetic energy term. We study the Casimir effect in such a (2+1)-dimensional Abelian theory. The case of parallel conducting lines was considered by us in a previous paper. Here we discuss the Casimir effect for a circle and examine the effect of finite temperature. The Casimir stress is found to be attractive at both low and high temperatures
Multi-cut solutions in Chern-Simons matrix models
Morita, Takeshi; Sugiyama, Kento
2018-04-01
We elaborate the Chern-Simons (CS) matrix models at large N. The saddle point equations of these matrix models have a curious structure which cannot be seen in the ordinary one matrix models. Thanks to this structure, an infinite number of multi-cut solutions exist in the CS matrix models. Particularly we exactly derive the two-cut solutions at finite 't Hooft coupling in the pure CS matrix model. In the ABJM matrix model, we argue that some of multi-cut solutions might be interpreted as a condensation of the D2-brane instantons.
Classical optics in generalized Maxwell Chern-Simons theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Burgess, M.; Leinaas, J.M.; Loevvik, O.M.
1993-03-01
The authors consider the propagation of electromagnetic waves in a two-dimensional polarizable medium endowed with Chern-Simons terms. The dispersion relation (refractive index) of the waves is computed and the existence of linear birefringence and anomalous dispersion is shown. When absorption is taken into account, the classic signature of a Voigt effect is found. In the case where linearly-polarized, three-dimensional waves pass through a two-dimensional plane, it is shown that there is optical activity, and the analogue of Verdet's constant is computed. 19 refs., 2 figs
Simon van der Meer in the AA Control Room
CERN PhotoLab
1984-01-01
Simon van der Meer, spiritus rector of the Antiproton Accumulator, in the AA Control Room. Inventor of stochastic cooling, on which the AA was based, and of the magnetic horn, with which the antiprotons were focused, he also wrote most of the software with which the AA was controlled, and spent uncountable numbers of hours in this chair to tickle the AA to top performance. 8 months after this picture was taken, he received, in October 1984, the Nobel prize, together with Carlo Rubbia, the moving force behind the whole Proton-Antiproton Collider project that led to the discovery, in 1983, of the W and Z intermediate bosons.
Analysis of observables in Chern-Simons perturbation theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Alvarez, M.; Labastida, J.M.F.
1993-01-01
Chern-Simons theory with gauge group SU(N) is analyzed from a perturbation theory point of view. Computations up to order g 6 of the vacuum expectation value of the unknot are carried out and it is shown that agreement with the exact result by Witten implies no quantum correction at two loops for the two-point function. In addition, it is shown from a perturbation theory point of view that the framing dependence of the vacuum expectation value of an arbitrary knot factorizes in the form predicted by Witten. (orig.)
Chern-Simons induced spin factors in noncovariant gauges
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Tanaka, I.
1993-01-01
We study Chern-Simons induced spin factors in noncovariant metric-independent gauges, such as the axial gauge and the Coulomb gauge. These spin factors are defined without loop splitting. We find that they are equal to integers and have particular geometrical meanings. In the axial gauge, this integer is the writhe number of a link diagram defined by the projection of a loop to the time direction. In the Coulomb gauge, it is suggested that this integer is also the writhe number of a link diagram, defined by the projection of a loop to a spatial plane
d=3 Chern-Simons action, supergravity and quantization
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Dayi, O.F.
1989-01-01
An interpretation of three-dimensional simple supergravity as a pure Chern-Simons gauge action is shown to be valid up to the one loop level. Canonical quantization of this system does not lead to an explicit definition of the physical Hilbert space. Hence another formulation of the N = 1 three-dimensional supergravity is introduced. In this formalism an explicit definition of the physical Hilbert space is possible, but still one has to solve the problems of showing that there exists a global set of coordinates and of defining the inner product. (author). 10 refs
Holography in Lovelock Chern-Simons AdS gravity
Cvetković, Branislav; Miskovic, Olivera; Simić, Dejan
2017-08-01
We analyze holographic field theory dual to Lovelock Chern-Simons anti-de Sitter (AdS) gravity in higher dimensions using first order formalism. We first find asymptotic symmetries in the AdS sector showing that they consist of local translations, local Lorentz rotations, dilatations and non-Abelian gauge transformations. Then, we compute 1-point functions of energy-momentum and spin currents in a dual conformal field theory and write Ward identities. We find that the holographic theory possesses Weyl anomaly and also breaks non-Abelian gauge symmetry at the quantum level.
MultiSimPC: a multilevel logic simulator for microcomputers
Kelly, John S.
1986-01-01
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited This thesis describes extensions to a multilevel VLSI logic simulator named MultiSim. Originally developed by Dr. Ausif Mahmood of the Washington State University for large minicomputers such as the VAX-11/780; MultiSim is now operational on desktop microcomputers costing only a few thousand dollars. In addition, MultiSim has been expanded to include provisions for adding user-defined primitive cells to the circuit library, true mu...
SIMS depth profile analysis of environmental microparticles
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Konarski, P.
2000-01-01
Environmental and technological research demands chemical characterization of aerosol particles so minute in size, that conventional methods for bulk analyses are simply not applicable. In this work novel application of secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) for characterization of microparticles suspended in atmosphere of the working environment of glass plant Thomson Polkolor, Piaseczno and steelworks Huta Sendzimira, Cracow is presented. The new technique based on sample rotation in depth profile analysis of sub-micrometer particulate material was performed on SAJW-02 analyser equipped with Balzers 16 mm quadrupole spectrometer and sample rotation manipulator using 5 keV Ar + and O 2 + ion beams. The results were compared with the standard method used on ims-3f Cameca analyser 12 keV O 2 + ion beam. Grain size distributions of aerosol microparticles were estimated using eight-stage cascade impactor with particle size range of 0.2 μm to 15 μm. Elemental concentration and crystalline structure of the collected dust particles were performed using spark source mass spectrometry and X-ray diffraction methods. SIMS depth profile analysis shows that sub-micrometer particles do not have uniform morphology, The core-shell structure has been observed for particles collected in both factories. Presented models show that the steelworks particles consists mainly of iron and manganese cores. At the shells of these microparticles :lead, chlorine and fluorine are found. The cores of glass plant submicrometer particles consists mainly of lead-zirconium glass covered by a shell containing carbon and copper. Sample rotation technique applied SIMS appears to be an effective tool for environmental microparticle morphology studies. (author)
Donnellan, Andrea; Parker, Jay W.; Lyzenga, Gregory A.; Granat, Robert A.; Norton, Charles D.; Rundle, John B.; Pierce, Marlon E.; Fox, Geoffrey C.; McLeod, Dennis; Ludwig, Lisa Grant
2012-01-01
QuakeSim 2.0 improves understanding of earthquake processes by providing modeling tools and integrating model applications and various heterogeneous data sources within a Web services environment. QuakeSim is a multisource, synergistic, data-intensive environment for modeling the behavior of earthquake faults individually, and as part of complex interacting systems. Remotely sensed geodetic data products may be explored, compared with faults and landscape features, mined by pattern analysis applications, and integrated with models and pattern analysis applications in a rich Web-based and visualization environment. Integration of heterogeneous data products with pattern informatics tools enables efficient development of models. Federated database components and visualization tools allow rapid exploration of large datasets, while pattern informatics enables identification of subtle, but important, features in large data sets. QuakeSim is valuable for earthquake investigations and modeling in its current state, and also serves as a prototype and nucleus for broader systems under development. The framework provides access to physics-based simulation tools that model the earthquake cycle and related crustal deformation. Spaceborne GPS and Inter ferometric Synthetic Aperture (InSAR) data provide information on near-term crustal deformation, while paleoseismic geologic data provide longerterm information on earthquake fault processes. These data sources are integrated into QuakeSim's QuakeTables database system, and are accessible by users or various model applications. UAVSAR repeat pass interferometry data products are added to the QuakeTables database, and are available through a browseable map interface or Representational State Transfer (REST) interfaces. Model applications can retrieve data from Quake Tables, or from third-party GPS velocity data services; alternatively, users can manually input parameters into the models. Pattern analysis of GPS and seismicity data
CoaSim Guile Manual — Using the Guile-based CoaSim Simulator
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Mailund, T
2006-01-01
CoaSim is a tool for simulating the coalescent process with recombination and geneconversion, under either constant population size or exponential population growth. It effectively constructs the ancestral recombination graph for a given number of chromosomes and uses this to simulate samples...
Getting Started with CoaSim — An Introduction to the Simulator CoaSim
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Mailund, T
2005-01-01
CoaSim is a tool for simulating the coalescent process with recombination and geneconversion, under either constant population size or exponential population growth. It effectively constructs the ancestral recombination graph for a given number of chromosomes and uses this to simulate samples...
Action video game training reduces the Simon Effect.
Hutchinson, Claire V; Barrett, Doug J K; Nitka, Aleksander; Raynes, Kerry
2016-04-01
A number of studies have shown that training on action video games improves various aspects of visual cognition including selective attention and inhibitory control. Here, we demonstrate that action video game play can also reduce the Simon Effect, and, hence, may have the potential to improve response selection during the planning and execution of goal-directed action. Non-game-players were randomly assigned to one of four groups; two trained on a first-person-shooter game (Call of Duty) on either Microsoft Xbox or Nintendo DS, one trained on a visual training game for Nintendo DS, and a control group who received no training. Response times were used to contrast performance before and after training on a behavioral assay designed to manipulate stimulus-response compatibility (the Simon Task). The results revealed significantly faster response times and a reduced cost of stimulus-response incompatibility in the groups trained on the first-person-shooter game. No benefit of training was observed in the control group or the group trained on the visual training game. These findings are consistent with previous evidence that action game play elicits plastic changes in the neural circuits that serve attentional control, and suggest training may facilitate goal-directed action by improving players' ability to resolve conflict during response selection and execution.
Entanglement from topology in Chern-Simons theory
Salton, Grant; Swingle, Brian; Walter, Michael
2017-05-01
The way in which geometry encodes entanglement is a topic of much recent interest in quantum many-body physics and the AdS/CFT duality. This relation is particularly pronounced in the case of topological quantum field theories, where topology alone determines the quantum states of the theory. In this work, we study the set of quantum states that can be prepared by the Euclidean path integral in three-dimensional Chern-Simons theory. Specifically, we consider arbitrary three-manifolds with a fixed number of torus boundaries in both Abelian U (1 ) and non-Abelian S O (3 ) Chern-Simons theory. For the Abelian theory, we find that the states that can be prepared coincide precisely with the set of stabilizer states from quantum information theory. This constrains the multipartite entanglement present in this theory, but it also reveals that stabilizer states can be described by topology. In particular, we find an explicit expression for the entanglement entropy of a many-torus subsystem using only a single replica, as well as a concrete formula for the number of GHZ states that can be distilled from a tripartite state prepared through path integration. For the non-Abelian theory, we find a notion of "state universality," namely that any state can be prepared to an arbitrarily good approximation. The manifolds we consider can also be viewed as toy models of multiboundary wormholes in AdS/CFT.
Chern-Simons-Rozansky-Witten topological field theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kapustin, Anton [California Institute of Technology, Minor Outlying Islands (United States); Saulina, Natalia [California Institute of Technology, Minor Outlying Islands (United States)], E-mail: saulina@theory.caltech.edu
2009-12-21
We construct and study a new topological field theory in three dimensions. It is a hybrid between Chern-Simons and Rozansky-Witten theory and can be regarded as a topologically-twisted version of the N=4d=3 supersymmetric gauge theory recently discovered by Gaiotto and Witten. The model depends on a gauge group G and a hyper-Kaehler manifold X with a tri-holomorphic action of G. In the case when X is an affine space, we show that the model is equivalent to Chern-Simons theory whose gauge group is a supergroup. This explains the role of Lie superalgebras in the construction of Gaiotto and Witten. For general X, our model appears to be new. We describe some of its properties, focusing on the case when G is simple and X is the cotangent bundle of the flag variety of G. In particular, we show that Wilson loops are labeled by objects of a certain category which is a quantum deformation of the equivariant derived category of coherent sheaves on X.
SiMon: Simulation Monitor for Computational Astrophysics
Xuran Qian, Penny; Cai, Maxwell Xu; Portegies Zwart, Simon; Zhu, Ming
2017-09-01
Scientific discovery via numerical simulations is important in modern astrophysics. This relatively new branch of astrophysics has become possible due to the development of reliable numerical algorithms and the high performance of modern computing technologies. These enable the analysis of large collections of observational data and the acquisition of new data via simulations at unprecedented accuracy and resolution. Ideally, simulations run until they reach some pre-determined termination condition, but often other factors cause extensive numerical approaches to break down at an earlier stage. In those cases, processes tend to be interrupted due to unexpected events in the software or the hardware. In those cases, the scientist handles the interrupt manually, which is time-consuming and prone to errors. We present the Simulation Monitor (SiMon) to automatize the farming of large and extensive simulation processes. Our method is light-weight, it fully automates the entire workflow management, operates concurrently across multiple platforms and can be installed in user space. Inspired by the process of crop farming, we perceive each simulation as a crop in the field and running simulation becomes analogous to growing crops. With the development of SiMon we relax the technical aspects of simulation management. The initial package was developed for extensive parameter searchers in numerical simulations, but it turns out to work equally well for automating the computational processing and reduction of observational data reduction.
Claude Simon : une contestation du texte par l’image
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Bérénice Bonhomme
2009-05-01
Full Text Available L’image joue un rôle central dans l’œuvre de Claude Simon. Le rôle de l’image plastique apparaît d’abord comme un stimulus, mais c’est une image absentée, en creux, mise hors jeux. Inversement, le mot lui-même devient image, tension rentrée vers le visible qui va jusqu’au rébus et au mythogramme, objet biface d’image-parole. L’image comme en creux de l’œuvre a un rôle proprement contestataire, faisant bouger les lignes et les frontières, transformant en profondeur non seulement le texte simonien mais aussi notre regard sur lui.The image plays a central role in the work of Claude Simon. The image appears as a stimulus at first, but it is an eclipsed image. It remains only as a footprint which is not in play. Conversely, word itself becomes an image, its tension is turned towards the visible which takes it as far as rebus and mythogramme: the biface object of an image-word. As if in the hollow of the work, the image has a genuinely questioning role, making lines and borders move, transforming in depth not only the simonien text but also ourimpression of it.
Reservoir characterization of the Mt. Simon Sandstone, Illinois Basin, USA
Frailey, S.M.; Damico, J.; Leetaru, H.E.
2011-01-01
The integration of open hole well log analyses, core analyses and pressure transient analyses was used for reservoir characterization of the Mt. Simon sandstone. Characterization of the injection interval provides the basis for a geologic model to support the baseline MVA model, specify pressure design requirements of surface equipment, develop completion strategies, estimate injection rates, and project the CO2 plume distribution.The Cambrian-age Mt. Simon Sandstone overlies the Precambrian granite basement of the Illinois Basin. The Mt. Simon is relatively thick formation exceeding 800 meters in some areas of the Illinois Basin. In the deeper part of the basin where sequestration is likely to occur at depths exceeding 1000 m, horizontal core permeability ranges from less than 1 ?? 10-12 cm 2 to greater than 1 ?? 10-8 cm2. Well log and core porosity can be up to 30% in the basal Mt. Simon reservoir. For modeling purposes, reservoir characterization includes absolute horizontal and vertical permeability, effective porosity, net and gross thickness, and depth. For horizontal permeability, log porosity was correlated with core. The core porosity-permeability correlation was improved by using grain size as an indication of pore throat size. After numerous attempts to identify an appropriate log signature, the calculated cementation exponent from Archie's porosity and resistivity relationships was used to identify which porosity-permeability correlation to apply and a permeability log was made. Due to the relatively large thickness of the Mt. Simon, vertical permeability is an important attribute to understand the distribution of CO2 when the injection interval is in the lower part of the unit. Only core analyses and specifically designed pressure transient tests can yield vertical permeability. Many reservoir flow models show that 500-800 m from the injection well most of the CO2 migrates upward depending on the magnitude of the vertical permeability and CO2 injection
Legend juba eluajal : kui muidu ei saa, siis Simon Levin ikka aitab / Kärt Anvelt
Anvelt, Kärt, 1973-
2008-01-01
Järelehüüe ning vandeadvokaat Monika Mägi ja Harju maakohtu esimehe Helve Särgava meenutused 2. jaanuaril 2008 surnud Simon Levinile. Lisatud elulugu: Simon Levin advokaat ja õigusteadlane ; katkend intervjuust EPL, 16. august 2005: kuidas kõik algas
A direct derivation of polynomial invariants from perturbative Chern-Simons gauge theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ochiai, Tomoshiro
2003-01-01
There have been several methods to show that the expectation values of Wilson loop operators in the SU(N) Chern-Simons gauge theory satisfy the HOMFLY skein relation. We shall give another method from the perturbative method of the SU(N) Chern-Simons gauge theory in the light-cone gauge, which is more direct than already known methods
Education and the Social Order: Re-Visioning the Legacy of Brian Simon
Cunningham, Peter; Martin, Jane
2004-01-01
A conference to honour the memory of Brian Simon (1915-2002) was a privilege and a challenge for its organizing committee. Simon was an educationist and an activist, a chronicler and a critic. His intellectual field encompassed psychology, pedagogy and politics as well as history. His legacy was both to education and to its history. Any…
A Response to Shelby Gilbert's "A Study of Ogbu and Simons' Thesis"
Hawkins, C. Matthew
2009-01-01
This article responds to Shelby Gilbert's "A Study of Ogbu and Simon's Thesis." The author begins by saying that he thinks that this study of examining Ogbu and Simons' thesis (to investigate school performance of Black immigrant and non-immigrant students in the United States) makes a thought-provoking contribution to overall discussions…
Shift versus no-shift in local regularization of Chern-Simons theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Giavarini, G.; Parma Univ.; Martin, C.P.; Ruiz Ruiz, F.
1994-01-01
We consider a family of local BRS-invariant higher covariant derivative regularizations of SU(N) Chern-Simons theory that do not shift the value of the Chern-Simons parameter k to k + sign(k) c v at one loop. (orig.)
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Chi-Shing eTse
2014-09-01
Full Text Available By administering Simon, Simon switching, and operation-span working memory tasks to Cantonese-English bilingual children who varied in their first-language (L1, Cantonese and second-language (L2, English proficiencies, as quantified by standardized vocabulary test performance, the current study examined the effects of L1 and L2 proficiency on attentional control performance. Apart from mean performance, we conducted ex-Gaussian analyses to capture the modal and positive-tail components of participants’ reaction time distributions in the Simon task. Bilinguals’ L2 proficiency was associated with higher scores in the operation span task, and a shift of reaction time distributions in incongruent trials, relative to congruent trials (Simon effect in µ, and the tail size of reaction time distributions (τ regardless of trial types. Bilinguals’ L1 proficiency, which was strongly associated with participants’ age, showed similar results, except that it was not associated with the Simon effect in µ. In contrast, neither bilinguals’ L1 nor L2 proficiency modulated the global switch cost or local switch cost in the Simon switching task. After taking into account potential cognitive maturation by partialling out the participants’ age, only (a scores in the working memory task and (b RT in incongruent trials and (c Simon effect in µ in the Simon task could still be predicted by bilinguals’ L2 proficiency. Overall, the current findings suggest that bilingual children’s L2 proficiency was associated with their conflict resolution and working memory capacity, but not goal maintenance or task-set switching, when they performed the cognitive tasks that demanded attentional control. This was not entirely consistent with the findings of college-age bilinguals reported in previous studies.
On the non-renormalization properties of Gauge theories with Chern-Simons term
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Del Cima, Oswaldo M.; Piguet, Olivier
1997-12-01
Considering three-dimensional Chern-Simons theory, either coupled to matter or with a Yang-Mills term, we show the validity of a trace identity, playing the role of a local form of the Callan-Symanzik equation, in all orders of perturbation theory. From this we deduce the vanishing of the β-function associated to the Chern-Simons coupling constant and the full finiteness in the case of the Yang-Mills Chern-Simons theory. The main ingredient in the proof of the latter property is the non invariance of the Chern-Simons from under the gauge transformations. Our results hold for the three-dimensional Chern-Simons model in a general Riemannian manifold. (author)
Scanner image methodology (SIM) to measure dimensions of leaves ...
African Journals Online (AJOL)
A scanner image methodology was used to determine plant dimensions, such as leaf area, length and width. The values obtained using SIM were compared with those recorded by the LI-COR leaf area meter. Bias, linearity, reproducibility and repeatability (R&R) were evaluated for SIM. Different groups of leaves were ...
Biochemical imaging of tissues by SIMS for biomedical applications
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lee, Tae Geol; Park, Ji-Won; Shon, Hyun Kyong; Moon, Dae Won; Choi, Won Woo; Li, Kapsok; Chung, Jin Ho
2008-01-01
With the development of optimal surface cleaning techniques by cluster ion beam sputtering, certain applications of SIMS for analyzing cells and tissues have been actively investigated. For this report, we collaborated with bio-medical scientists to study bio-SIMS analyses of skin and cancer tissues for biomedical diagnostics. We pay close attention to the setting up of a routine procedure for preparing tissue specimens and treating the surface before obtaining the bio-SIMS data. Bio-SIMS was used to study two biosystems, skin tissues for understanding the effects of photoaging and colon cancer tissues for insight into the development of new cancer diagnostics for cancer. Time-of-flight SIMS imaging measurements were taken after surface cleaning with cluster ion bombardment by Bi n or C 60 under varying conditions. The imaging capability of bio-SIMS with a spatial resolution of a few microns combined with principal component analysis reveal biologically meaningful information, but the lack of high molecular weight peaks even with cluster ion bombardment was a problem. This, among other problems, shows that discourse with biologists and medical doctors are critical to glean any meaningful information from SIMS mass spectrometric and imaging data. For SIMS to be accepted as a routine, daily analysis tool in biomedical laboratories, various practical sample handling methodology such as surface matrix treatment, including nano-metal particles and metal coating, in addition to cluster sputtering, should be studied
Binding properties of SUMO-interacting motifs (SIMs) in yeast.
Jardin, Christophe; Horn, Anselm H C; Sticht, Heinrich
2015-03-01
Small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) conjugation and interaction play an essential role in many cellular processes. A large number of yeast proteins is known to interact non-covalently with SUMO via short SUMO-interacting motifs (SIMs), but the structural details of this interaction are yet poorly characterized. In the present work, sequence analysis of a large dataset of 148 yeast SIMs revealed the existence of a hydrophobic core binding motif and a preference for acidic residues either within or adjacent to the core motif. Thus the sequence properties of yeast SIMs are highly similar to those described for human. Molecular dynamics simulations were performed to investigate the binding preferences for four representative SIM peptides differing in the number and distribution of acidic residues. Furthermore, the relative stability of two previously observed alternative binding orientations (parallel, antiparallel) was assessed. For all SIMs investigated, the antiparallel binding mode remained stable in the simulations and the SIMs were tightly bound via their hydrophobic core residues supplemented by polar interactions of the acidic residues. In contrary, the stability of the parallel binding mode is more dependent on the sequence features of the SIM motif like the number and position of acidic residues or the presence of additional adjacent interaction motifs. This information should be helpful to enhance the prediction of SIMs and their binding properties in different organisms to facilitate the reconstruction of the SUMO interactome.
HexSim: a modeling environment for ecology and conservation.
HexSim is a powerful and flexible new spatially-explicit, individual based modeling environment intended for use in ecology, conservation, genetics, epidemiology, toxicology, and other disciplines. We describe HexSim, illustrate past applications that contributed to our >10 year ...
Surface theorem for the Chern-Simons axion coupling
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Olsen, Thomas; Taherinejad, Maryam; Vanderbilt, David
2017-01-01
The Chern-Simons axion coupling of a bulk insulator is only defined modulo a quantum of e2/h. The quantized part of the coupling is uniquely defined for a bounded insulating sample, but it depends on the specific surface termination.Working in a slab geometry and representing the valence bands...... in terms of hybridWannier functions, we show how to determine that quantized part from the excess Chern number of the hybridWannier sheets located near the surface of the slab. The procedure is illustrated for a tight-binding model consisting of coupled quantum anomalous Hall layers. By slowly modulating...... the model parameters it is possible to transfer one unit of Chern number from the bottom to the top surface over the course of a cyclic evolution of the bulk Hamiltonian, changing the surface anomalous Hall conductivity by a quantum of conductance e2/h. When the evolution of the surface Hamiltonian is also...
Super-Chern-Simons Theory as Superstring Theory
Grassi, P A
2004-01-01
Superstrings and topological strings with supermanifolds as target space play a central role in the recent developments in string theory. Nevertheless the rules for higher-genus computations are still unclear or guessed in analogy with bosonic and fermionic strings. Here we present a common geometrical setting to develop systematically the prescription for amplitude computations. The geometrical origin of these difficulties is the theory of integration of superforms. We provide a translation between the theory of supermanifolds and topological strings with supertarget space. We show how in this formulation one can naturally construct picture changing operators to be inserted in the correlation functions to soak up the zero modes of commuting ghost and we derive the amplitude prescriptions from the coupling with an extended topological gravity on the worldsheet. As an application we consider a simple model on R^(3|2) leading to super-Chern-Simons theory.
Path-integral invariants in abelian Chern–Simons theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Guadagnini, E.; Thuillier, F.
2014-01-01
We consider the U(1) Chern–Simons gauge theory defined in a general closed oriented 3-manifold M; the functional integration is used to compute the normalized partition function and the expectation values of the link holonomies. The non-perturbative path-integral is defined in the space of the gauge orbits of the connections which belong to the various inequivalent U(1) principal bundles over M; the different sectors of configuration space are labelled by the elements of the first homology group of M and are characterized by appropriate background connections. The gauge orbits of flat connections, whose classification is also based on the homology group, control the non-perturbative contributions to the mean values. The functional integration is carried out in any 3-manifold M, and the corresponding path-integral invariants turn out to be strictly related with the abelian Reshetikhin–Turaev surgery invariants
η-INVARIANT AND CHERN-SIMONS CURRENT
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHANG WEIPING
2005-01-01
The author presents an alternate proof of the Bismut-Zhang localization formula of ηinvariants, when the target manifold is a sphere, by using ideas of mod k index theory instead of the difficult analytic localization techniques of Bismut-Lebeau. As a consequence, it is shown that the R/Z part of the aualytically defined η invariant of Atiyah-Patodi-Singer for a Dirac operator on an odd dimensional closed spin manifold can be expressed purely geometrically through a stable Chern-Simons current on a higher dimensional sphere. As a preliminary application, the author discusses the relation with the Atiyah-Patodi-Singer R/Z index theorem for unitary flat vector bundles,and proves an R refinement in the case where the Dirac operator is replaced by the Signature operator.
Naturaleza y libertad en el pensamiento de Simone de Beauvoir
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Alicia H. Puleo
2009-01-01
Full Text Available Simone de Beauvoir es una de las filósofas que más ha contribuido a la transformación de las sociedades modernas con su reivindicación de la libertad de las mujeres. Este trabajo examina su visión de la Naturaleza y diferencia entre los aspectos de su legado que tienen un valor indiscutible para el feminismo contemporáneo y aquéllos que resultan problemáticos en una época de desarrollo de la ética ecológica y de revisión de los dualismos interconectados de Naturaleza y libertad, cuerpo y mente, sentimientos y razón.
Initial value formulation of dynamical Chern-Simons gravity
Delsate, Térence; Hilditch, David; Witek, Helvi
2015-01-01
We derive an initial value formulation for dynamical Chern-Simons gravity, a modification of general relativity involving parity-violating higher derivative terms. We investigate the structure of the resulting system of partial differential equations thinking about linearization around arbitrary backgrounds. This type of consideration is necessary if we are to establish well-posedness of the Cauchy problem. Treating the field equations as an effective field theory we find that weak necessary conditions for hyperbolicity are satisfied. For the full field equations we find that there are states from which subsequent evolution is not determined. Generically the evolution system closes, but is not hyperbolic in any sense that requires a first order pseudodifferential reduction. In a cursory mode analysis we find that the equations of motion contain terms that may cause ill-posedness of the initial value problem.
Chern-Simons Theory, Matrix Models, and Topological Strings
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Walcher, J
2006-01-01
This book is a find. Marino meets the challenge of filling in less than 200 pages the need for an accessible review of topological gauge/gravity duality. He is one of the pioneers of the subject and a clear expositor. It is no surprise that reading this book is a great pleasure. The existence of dualities between gauge theories and theories of gravity remains one of the most surprising recent discoveries in mathematical physics. While it is probably fair to say that we do not yet understand the full reach of such a relation, the impressive amount of evidence that has accumulated over the past years can be regarded as a substitute for a proof, and will certainly help to delineate the question of what is the most fundamental quantum mechanical theory. Here is a brief summary of the book. The journey begins with matrix models and an introduction to various techniques for the computation of integrals including perturbative expansion, large-N approximation, saddle point analysis, and the method of orthogonal polynomials. The second chapter, on Chern-Simons theory, is the longest and probably the most complete one in the book. Starting from the action we meet Wilson loop observables, the associated perturbative 3-manifold invariants, Witten's exact solution via the canonical duality to WZW models, the framing ambiguity, as well as a collection of results on knot invariants that can be derived from Chern-Simons theory and the combinatorics of U (∞) representation theory. The chapter also contains a careful derivation of the large-N expansion of the Chern-Simons partition function, which forms the cornerstone of its interpretation as a closed string theory. Finally, we learn that Chern-Simons theory can sometimes also be represented as a matrix model. The story then turns to the gravity side, with an introduction to topological sigma models (chapter 3) and topological string theory (chapter 4). While this presentation is necessarily rather condensed (and the beginner may
Framing and localization in Chern-Simons theories with matter
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bianchi, Marco S. [Center for Research in String Theory - School of Physics and Astronomy,Queen Mary University of London,Mile End Road, London E1 4NS (United Kingdom); Griguolo, Luca [Dipartimento di Fisica e Scienze della Terra, Università di Parma andINFN Gruppo Collegato di Parma,Viale G.P. Usberti 7/A, 43100 Parma (Italy); Leoni, Matias [Physics Department, FCEyN-UBA & IFIBA-CONICET,Ciudad Universitaria, Pabellón I, 1428, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Mauri, Andrea [Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli studi di Milano-Bicocca,Piazza della Scienza 3, I-20126 Milano (Italy); Penati, Silvia [Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli studi di Milano-Bicocca,Piazza della Scienza 3, I-20126 Milano (Italy); INFN, Sezione di Milano-Bicocca,Piazza della Scienza 3, I-20126 Milano (Italy); Seminara, Domenico [Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Firenze and INFN Sezione di Firenze,via G. Sansone 1, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino (Italy)
2016-06-22
Supersymmetric localization provides exact results that should match QFT computations in some regularization scheme. The agreement is particularly subtle in three dimensions where complex answers from localization procedure sometimes arise. We investigate this problem by studying the expectation value of the 1/6 BPS Wilson loop in planar ABJ(M) theory at three loops in perturbation theory. We reproduce the corresponding term in the localization result and argue that it originates entirely from a non-trivial framing of the circular contour. Contrary to pure Chern-Simons theory, we point out that for ABJ(M) the framing phase is a non-trivial function of the couplings and that it potentially receives contributions from vertex-like diagrams. Finally, we briefly discuss the intimate link between the exact framing factor and the Bremsstrahlung function of the 1/2-BPS cusp.
On eleven-dimensional supergravity and Chern-Simons theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Izaurieta, Fernando, E-mail: fizaurie@ucsc.cl [Departamento de Matematica y Fisica Aplicadas, Universidad Catolica de la Santisima Concepcion, Alonso de Ribera 2850, 4090541 Concepcion (Chile); Instituto de Matematicas, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Av. Insurgentes Sur s/n, D.F. (Mexico); Departament de Fisica Teorica, Universitat de Valencia, C/ Dr. Moliner 50, 46100 Burjassot, Valencia (Spain); Rodriguez, Eduardo, E-mail: edurodriguez@ucsc.cl [Departamento de Matematica y Fisica Aplicadas, Universidad Catolica de la Santisima Concepcion, Alonso de Ribera 2850, 4090541 Concepcion (Chile)
2012-02-11
We probe in some depth into the structure of eleven-dimensional, osp(32|1)-based Chern-Simons supergravity, as put forward by Troncoso and Zanelli (TZ) in 1997. We find that the TZ Lagrangian may be cast as a polynomial in 1/l, where l is a length, and compute explicitly the first three dominant terms. The term proportional to 1/l{sup 9} turns out to be essentially the Lagrangian of the standard 1978 supergravity theory of Cremmer, Julia and Scherk, thus establishing a previously unknown relation between the two theories. The computation is nontrivial because, when written in a sufficiently explicit way, the TZ Lagrangian has roughly one thousand non-explicitly Lorentz-covariant terms. Specially designed algebraic techniques are used to accomplish the results.
Chern-Simons theories of symplectic super-diffeomorphisms
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sezgin, E.; Sokatchev, E.
1989-04-01
We discuss the symplectic diffeomorphisms of a class of supermanifolds and the structure of the underlying infinite dimensional superalgebras. We construct a Chern-Simons (CS) gauge theory in 2+1 dimensions for these algebras. There exists a finite dimensional supersymmetric truncation which is the (2 n -1)-dimensional Hamiltonian superalgebra H-tilde(n). With a central charge added, it is a superalgebra, C(n), associated with a Clifford algebra. We find an embedding of d=3, N=2 anti-de Sitter superalgebra OSp(2|2)+OSp(2|2) in C(4), and construct a CS action for its infinite dimensional extension. We also discuss the construction of a CS action for the infinite dimensional extension of the d=3, N=2 superconformal algebra OSp(2,4). (author). 18 refs
Simone de Beauvoirs feminism : De digitala spelen idag
Alesö, Rikard; Widén, Fredrika
2013-01-01
Detta kandidatarbete utgår ifrån två stycken frågeställningar kopplade till feminism: ”Hur kan Simone de Beauvoirs feminism gestaltas i digitala spel?” och ”Vad finns det för typiska könsroller i dagens digitala spel?”. För att svara på dess frågeställningar studerade vi de Beauvoirs bok ”Det Andra Könet”, utförde spelanalyser samt delade ut skriftliga intervjuer till spelare. Resultaten blev en prototyp till ett digitalt spel vars handling är en direkt inspiration ifrån utvalda kapitel från ...
Static solutions in Einstein-Chern-Simons gravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Crisóstomo, J.; Gomez, F.; Mella, P.; Quinzacara, C.; Salgado, P., E-mail: jcrisostomo@udec.cl, E-mail: fernagomez@udec.cl, E-mail: patriciomella@udec.cl, E-mail: cristian.cortesq@uss.cl, E-mail: pasalgad@udec.cl [Departamento de Física, Universidad de Concepción, Casilla 160-C, Concepción (Chile)
2016-06-01
In this paper we study static solutions with more general symmetries than the spherical symmetry of the five-dimensional Einstein-Chern-Simons gravity. In this context, we study the coupling of the extra bosonic field h{sup a} with ordinary matter which is quantified by the introduction of an energy-momentum tensor field associated with h{sup a}. It is found that exist (i) a negative tangential pressure zone around low-mass distributions (μ < μ{sub 1}) when the coupling constant α is greater than zero; (ii) a maximum in the tangential pressure, which can be observed in the outer region of a field distribution that satisfies μ < μ{sub 2}; (iii) solutions that behave like those obtained from models with negative cosmological constant. In such a situation, the field h{sup a} plays the role of a cosmological constant.
Finite action for Chern-Simons Ads gravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Mora, P.; Olea, R.; Troncoso, R.; Zanelli, J. E-mail: jz@cecs.cl
2004-06-01
A finite principle for Chern-Simons AdS gravity is presented. The construction is carried out in detail first in five dimensions, where the bulk action is given by a particular combination of the Einstein-Hilbert action with negative cosmological constant and a Gauss-Bonnet term; and is then generalized for arbitrary odd dimensions. The boundary term needed to render the action finite is singled out demanding the action to attain an extremum for an appropriate set of boundary conditions. The boundary term is a local function of the fields at the boundary and is sufficient to render the action finite for asymptotically AdS solutions, without requiring background fields. It is shown that the Euclidean continuation of the action correctly describes black hole thermodynamics in the canonical ensemble. Additionally, background independent conserved charges associated with the asymptotic symmetries can be written as surface integrals by direct application of Noether's theorem. (author)
Two Simons Symposia on “Nonarchimedean and tropical geometry”
Payne, Sam
2016-01-01
This volume grew out of two Simons Symposia on "Nonarchimedean and tropical geometry" which took place on the island of St. John in April 2013 and in Puerto Rico in February 2015. Each meeting gathered a small group of experts working near the interface between tropical geometry and nonarchimedean analytic spaces for a series of inspiring and provocative lectures on cutting edge research, interspersed with lively discussions and collaborative work in small groups. The articles collected here, which include high-level surveys as well as original research, mirror the main themes of the two Symposia. Topics covered in this volume include: Differential forms and currents, and solutions of Monge–Ampère type differential equations on Berkovich spaces and their skeletons; The homotopy types of nonarchimedean analytifications; The existence of "faithful tropicalizations" which encode the topology and geometry of analytifications; Relations between nonarchimedean analytic spaces and algebraic geometry, including lo...
Maxwell-Chern-Simons theory in covariant and Coulomb gauges
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Haller, K.; Lim-Lombridas, E.
1996-01-01
We quantize quantum electrodynamics in 2 + 1 dimensions coupled to a Chern-Simons (CS) term and a charged spinor field, in covariant gauges and in the Coulomb gauge. The resulting Maxwell-Chern-Simons (MCS) theory describes charged fermions interacting with each other and with topologically massive propagating photons. We impose Gauss's law and the gauge conditions and investigate their effect on the dynamics and on the statistics of n-particle states. We construct charged spinor states that obey Gauss's law and the gauge conditions and transform the theory to representations in which these states constitute a Fock space. We demonstrate that, in these representations, the nonlocal interactions between charges and between charges and transverse currents-along with the interactions between currents and massive propagating photons-are identical in the different gauges we analyze in this and in earlier work. We construct the generators of the Poincare group, show that they implement the Poincare algebra, and explicitly demonstrate the effect of rotations and Lorentz boosts on the particle states. We show that the imposition of Gauss's law does not produce any open-quotes exoticclose quotes fractional statistics. In the case of the covariant gauges, this demonstration makes use of unitary transformations that provide charged particles with the gauge fields required by Gauss's law, but that leave the anticommutator algebra of the spinor fields untransformed. In the Coulomb gauge, we show that the anticommutators of the spinor fields apply to the Dirac-Bergmann constraint surfaces, on which Gauss's law and the gauge conditions obtain. We examine MCS theory in the large CS coupling constant limit, and compare that limiting form with CS theory, in which the Maxwell kinetic energy term is not included in the Larangian. 34 refs
Ricci dark energy in Chern-Simons modified gravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Silva, J.G.; Santos, A.F. [Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso (UFMT), Campo Grande, MT (Brazil)
2013-07-01
Full text: Currently the accelerated expansion of the universe has been strongly confirmed by some independent experiments such as the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation (CMBR) and Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). In an attempt to explain this phenomenon there are two possible paths; first option - propose corrections to general relativity, second option - assuming that there is a dominant component of the universe, a kind of antigravity called dark energy. Any way that we intend to follow, there are numerous models that attempt to explain this effect. One of the models of modified gravity that has stood out in recent years is the Chern-Simons modified gravity. This modification consists in the addition of the Pontryagin density, which displays violation of parity symmetry in Einstein-Hilbert action. From among the various models proposed for dark energy there are some that are based on the holographic principle, known as holographic dark energy. Such models are based on the idea that the energy density of a given system is proportional to the inverse square of some characteristic length of the system. From these studies, here we consider the model proposed by Gao et. al., a model of dark energy where the characteristic length is given by the average radius of the Ricci scalar. Thus, the dark energy density is proportional to the Ricci scalar, i.e., ρ{sub x} ∝ R. It is a phenomenologically viable model and displays results similar to that presented by the cosmological model ACDM. In this work, we have considered the Ricci dark energy model in the dynamic Chern-Simons modified gravity. We show that in this context the evolution of the scale factor is similar to that displayed by the modified Chaplygin gas. (author)
Ricci dark energy in Chern-Simons modified gravity
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Silva, J.G.; Santos, A.F.
2013-01-01
Full text: Currently the accelerated expansion of the universe has been strongly confirmed by some independent experiments such as the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation (CMBR) and Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). In an attempt to explain this phenomenon there are two possible paths; first option - propose corrections to general relativity, second option - assuming that there is a dominant component of the universe, a kind of antigravity called dark energy. Any way that we intend to follow, there are numerous models that attempt to explain this effect. One of the models of modified gravity that has stood out in recent years is the Chern-Simons modified gravity. This modification consists in the addition of the Pontryagin density, which displays violation of parity symmetry in Einstein-Hilbert action. From among the various models proposed for dark energy there are some that are based on the holographic principle, known as holographic dark energy. Such models are based on the idea that the energy density of a given system is proportional to the inverse square of some characteristic length of the system. From these studies, here we consider the model proposed by Gao et. al., a model of dark energy where the characteristic length is given by the average radius of the Ricci scalar. Thus, the dark energy density is proportional to the Ricci scalar, i.e., ρ x ∝ R. It is a phenomenologically viable model and displays results similar to that presented by the cosmological model ACDM. In this work, we have considered the Ricci dark energy model in the dynamic Chern-Simons modified gravity. We show that in this context the evolution of the scale factor is similar to that displayed by the modified Chaplygin gas. (author)
SIMS depth profiling of working environment nanoparticles
Konarski, P.; Iwanejko, I.; Mierzejewska, A.
2003-01-01
Morphology of working environment nanoparticles was analyzed using sample rotation technique in secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS). The particles were collected with nine-stage vacuum impactor during gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW) process of stainless steel and shielded metal arc welding (SMAW) of mild steel. Ion erosion of 300-400 nm diameter nanoparticles attached to indium substrate was performed with 2 keV, 100 μm diameter, Ar + ion beam at 45° ion incidence and 1 rpm sample rotation. The results show that both types of particles have core-shell morphology. A layer of fluorine, chlorine and carbon containing compounds covers stainless steel welding fume particles. The cores of these particles are enriched in iron, manganese and chromium. Outer shell of mild steel welding fume particles is enriched in carbon, potassium, chlorine and fluorine, while the deeper layers of these nanoparticles are richer in main steel components.
SIMS depth profiling of working environment nanoparticles
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Konarski, P.; Iwanejko, I.; Mierzejewska, A
2003-01-15
Morphology of working environment nanoparticles was analyzed using sample rotation technique in secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS). The particles were collected with nine-stage vacuum impactor during gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW) process of stainless steel and shielded metal arc welding (SMAW) of mild steel. Ion erosion of 300-400 nm diameter nanoparticles attached to indium substrate was performed with 2 keV, 100 {mu}m diameter, Ar{sup +} ion beam at 45 deg. ion incidence and 1 rpm sample rotation. The results show that both types of particles have core-shell morphology. A layer of fluorine, chlorine and carbon containing compounds covers stainless steel welding fume particles. The cores of these particles are enriched in iron, manganese and chromium. Outer shell of mild steel welding fume particles is enriched in carbon, potassium, chlorine and fluorine, while the deeper layers of these nanoparticles are richer in main steel components.
Unification of gauge and gravity Chern-Simons theories in 3-D space-time
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Saghir, Chireen A.; Shamseddine, Laurence W. [American University of Beirut, Physics Department, Beirut (Lebanon)
2017-11-15
Chamseddine and Mukhanov showed that gravity and gauge theories could be unified in one geometric construction provided that a metricity condition is imposed on the vielbein. In this paper we are going to show that by enlarging the gauge group we are able to unify Chern-Simons gauge theory and Chern-Simons gravity in 3-D space-time. Such a unification leads to the quantization of the coefficients for both Chern-Simons terms for compact groups but not for non-compact groups. Moreover, it leads to a topological invariant quantity of the 3-dimensional space-time manifold on which they are defined. (orig.)
Absence of higher order corrections to noncommutative Chern-Simons coupling
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Das, Ashok; Sheikh-Jabbari, M.M.
2001-03-01
We analyze the structure of noncommutative pure Chern-Simons theory systematically in the axial gauge. We show that there is no IR/UV mixing in this theory in this gauge. In fact, we show, using the usual BRST identities as well as the identities following from vector supersymmetry, that this is a free theory. As a result, the tree level Chern-Simons coefficient is not renormalized. It also holds that the Chern-Simons coefficient is not modified at finite temperature. (author)
Chern-Simons theory, 2d Yang-Mills, and Lie algebra wanderers
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Haro, Sebastian de
2005-01-01
We work out the relation between Chern-Simons, 2d Yang-Mills on the cylinder, and Brownian motion. We show that for the unitary, orthogonal and symplectic groups, various observables in Chern-Simons theory on S 3 and lens spaces are exactly given by counting the number of paths of a Brownian particle wandering in the fundamental Weyl chamber of the corresponding Lie algebra. We construct a fermionic formulation of Chern-Simons on S 3 which allows us to identify the Brownian particles as B-model branes moving on a noncommutative two-sphere, and construct 1- and 2-matrix models to compute Brownian motion ensemble averages
SIMS analysis: Development and evaluation 1994 summary report
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Groenewold, G.S.; Appelhans, A.D.; Ingram, J.C.; Delmore, J.E.; Dahl, D.A.
1994-12-01
Secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) was evaluated for applicability to the characterization of salt cake and environmental samples. Salt cake is representative of waste found in radioactive waste storage tanks located at Hanford and at other DOE sites; it consists of nitrate, nitrite, hydroxide, and ferrocyanide salts, and the samples form the tanks are extremely radioactive. SIMS is an attractive technology for characterizing these samples because it has the capability for producing speciation information with little or no sample preparation, and it generates no additional waste. Experiments demonstrated that substantial speciation information could be readily generated using SIMS: metal clusters which include nitrate, nitrite, hydroxide, carbonate, cyanide, ferrocyanide and ferricyanide were observed. In addition, the mechanism of SIMS desorption of tributyl phosphate (TBP) was clearly identified, and minimum detection limit studies involving TBP were performed. Procurements leading to the construction of an ion trap SIMS instrument were initiated. Technology transfer of SIMS components to three instrument vendors was initiated. For FY-95, the SIMS evaluation program has been redirected toward identification of metal species on environmental samples
“Questa donna dal viso netto e gioioso”: Simone de Beauvoir e la stampa italiana
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Clotilde Bertoni
2018-02-01
Full Text Available Proseguiamo la riscoperta di Simone de Beauvoir iniziata nel numero precedente: questa volta ripresentiamo due sue interviste dimenticate uscite nel 1959 e nel 1961 sul “Giorno” e su “Paese Sera”.
How different location modes influence responses in a Simon-like task.
Luo, Chunming; Proctor, Robert W
2017-11-01
Spatial information can be conveyed not only by stimulus position but by the meaning of a location word or direction of an arrow. We examined whether all the location-, arrow- and word-based Simon effects or some of them can be observed when a location word or an arrow is presented eccentrically and a left-right keypress is made to indicate its ink color. Results showed that only the location-based Simon effect was observed for location words, whereas an additional smaller arrow-based Simon effect, compared to the location-based Simon effect was observed, for arrows. These results showed spatial location, arrow direction, and location word stimulus dimensions affect response position codes in a spatial-to-verbal priority order, consistent with the possibility that they can activate mode-specific spatial representations.
Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary: Sanctuary Integrated Monitoring Network (SIMoN)
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Sanctuary Integrated Monitoring Network (SIMoN) is an integrated, long-term program that takes an ecosystem approach to identify and understand changes to the...
Simon Langton Grammar School for boys visits the MoEDAL Experiment
Anna Pantelia
2013-01-01
Simon Langton Grammar School for boys visits the MoEDAL Experiment. The School has just joined the MoEDAL collaboration. The group includes the 1000th student to participate in visits to CERN led by Dr Becky Parker
"Ich war nicht der allmächtige Autor" / Simon Stephens ; intervjueerinud Jacqueline Bolton
Stephens, Simon, 1971-
2012-01-01
NO99 teatris esietendunud kolme teatri - NO99, Münchner Kammerspiele, Lyric Hammersmith Theatre - koostöös valminud lavastuse "Three Kingdoms" ("Kolm kuningriiki") teksti autor Simon Stephens räägib
Low regularity solutions of the Chern-Simons-Higgs equations in the Lorentz gauge
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Nikolaos Bournaveas
2009-09-01
Full Text Available We prove local well-posedness for the 2+1-dimensional Chern-Simons-Higgs equations in the Lorentz gauge with initial data of low regularity. Our result improves earlier results by Huh [10, 11].
4D edge currents from 5D Chern-Simons theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gupta, K.S.; Stern, A.
1995-01-01
A class of two dimensional conformal field theories is known to correspond to three dimensional Chern-Simons theory. Here we claim that there is an analogous class of four dimensional field theories corresponding to five dimensional Chern-Simons theory. The four dimensional theories give a coupling between a scalar field and an external divergenceless vector field and they may have some application in magnetohydrodynamics. Like in conformal theories they possess a diffeomorphism symmetry, which for us is along the direction of the vector field, and their generators are analogous to Virasoro generators. Our analysis of the abelian Chern-Simons system uses elementary canonical methods for the quantization of field theories defined on manifolds with boundaries. Edge states appear for these systems and they yield a four dimensional current algebra. We examine the quantization of these algebras in several special cases and claim that a renormalization of the 5D Chern-Simons coupling is necessary for removing divergences. ((orig.))
A revision of the Afrotropical species of the genus Tibellus Simon (Araneae: Philodromidae
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
A. Van den Berg
1994-08-01
Full Text Available The Afrotropical species of the genus Tibellus Simon, 1875, are revised. Of the 10 previously recognised species of long-bodied grss spiders from this region, eight are redescribed and figured. Two species, T. punctifasciatus Strand, 1906, and T. robustus Simon, 1886, are considered nomina dubia. Five new species, T. cobusi, T. gerhardi, T. nimbaensis, T. somaliensis and T. sunetae, are described and three previously recognised subspecies of T. vossioni Simon, 1884, namely T. v. armatus Lessert, 1928, T. v. flavipes Caporiacco, 1941, and T. v. minor Lessert, 1919, are given species status. The genus Tibellinus Simon, 1910, is a junior synonym of Tibellus. Tibellinus australis is transferred to the genus Tibellus. The males of T. armatus stat. nov. and T. hollidayi Lawrence, 1952, are described for the first time. A key to 17 recognised species is given. Distributional data are provided for all species.
A revision of the Afrotropical species of the genus Tibellus Simon (Araneae: Philodromidae
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
A. Van den Berg
1994-09-01
Full Text Available The Afrotropical species of the genus Tibellus Simon, 1875, are revised. Of the 10 previously recognised species of long-bodied grss spiders from this region, eight are redescribed and figured. Two species, T. punctifasciatus Strand, 1906, and T. robustus Simon, 1886, are considered nomina dubia. Five new species, T. cobusi, T. gerhardi, T. nimbaensis, T. somaliensis and T. sunetae, are described and three previously recognised subspecies of T. vossioni Simon, 1884, namely T. v. armatus Lessert, 1928, T. v. flavipes Caporiacco, 1941, and T. v. minor Lessert, 1919, are given species status. The genus Tibellinus Simon, 1910, is a junior synonym of Tibellus. Tibellinus australis is transferred to the genus Tibellus. The males of T. armatus stat. nov. and T. hollidayi Lawrence, 1952, are described for the first time. A key to 17 recognised species is given. Distributional data are provided for all species.
President Ilves ja Simon Peres avasid Tallinna uue sünagoogi / Evely Baum, Riina Leminsky
Baum, Evely
2007-01-01
16. mail 2007 avati pidulikult Tallinna uus juudi sünagoog. Avamistseremoonial osalesid ka Eesti president Toomas Hendrik Ilves ja peaminister Andrus Ansip, Iisraeli asepeaminister Simon Peres, Iisraeli pearabi Yona Metzger, Venemaa pearabi Berl Lazar
Abelian Chern-Simons theory and linking numbers via oscillatory integrals
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Albeverio, S.; Schaefer, J.
1994-06-01
We introduce a rigorous mathematical model of abelian Chern-Simons theory based on the theory of infinite dimensional oscillatory integrals developed by Albeverio and Hoeegh-Krohn. We construct a gauge-fixed Chern-Simons path integral as a Fresnel integral in a certain Hilbert space. Wilson loop variables are defined as Fresnel integrable functions and it is shown in this context that the expectation value of products of Wilson loops w.r.t. the Chern-Simons path integral is a topological invariant which can be computed in terms of pairwise linking numbers of the loops, as conjectured by Witten. We also propose a lattice Chern-Simons action which converges to the continuum limit. (orig.)
BPS-kink and more global solutions of the Chern-Simons (super)gravity term
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Grumiller, D.
2004-01-01
We study the supersymmetry of the Kaluza-Klein reduced gravitational Chern-Simons term in two dimensions and propose supergravity transformations that allow for some supersymmetry of the kink solution. (author)
First record of genus Siler Simon, 1889 (Araneae: Salticidae from India
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Siddharth Kulkarni
2015-08-01
Full Text Available The jumping spider Siler semiglaucus (Simon, 1901 has been newly reported from India, based on specimens studied from South India. These spiders were observed feeding on all life stages of Technomyrmex ants.
Evaluation of the airway of the SimMan full-scale patient simulator
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hesselfeldt, R; Kristensen, M S; Rasmussen, L S
2005-01-01
SimMan is a full-scale patient simulator, capable of simulating normal and pathological airways. The performance of SimMan has never been critically evaluated.......SimMan is a full-scale patient simulator, capable of simulating normal and pathological airways. The performance of SimMan has never been critically evaluated....
Chern-Simons expectation values and quantum horizons from loop quantum gravity and the Duflo map.
Sahlmann, Hanno; Thiemann, Thomas
2012-03-16
We report on a new approach to the calculation of Chern-Simons theory expectation values, using the mathematical underpinnings of loop quantum gravity, as well as the Duflo map, a quantization map for functions on Lie algebras. These new developments can be used in the quantum theory for certain types of black hole horizons, and they may offer new insights for loop quantum gravity, Chern-Simons theory and the theory of quantum groups.
The task-relevant attribute representation can mediate the Simon effect.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Dandan Tang
Full Text Available Researchers have previously suggested a working memory (WM account of spatial codes, and based on this suggestion, the present study carries out three experiments to investigate how the task-relevant attribute representation (verbal or visual in the typical Simon task affects the Simon effect. Experiment 1 compared the Simon effect between the between- and within-category color conditions, which required subjects to discriminate between red and blue stimuli (presumed to be represented by verbal WM codes because it was easy and fast to name the colors verbally and to discriminate between two similar green stimuli (presumed to be represented by visual WM codes because it was hard and time-consuming to name the colors verbally, respectively. The results revealed a reliable Simon effect that only occurs in the between-category condition. Experiment 2 assessed the Simon effect by requiring subjects to discriminate between two different isosceles trapezoids (within-category shapes and to discriminate isosceles trapezoid from rectangle (between-category shapes, and the results replicated and expanded the findings of Experiment 1. In Experiment 3, subjects were required to perform both tasks from Experiment 1. Wherein, in Experiment 3A, the between-category task preceded the within-category task; in Experiment 3B, the task order was opposite. The results showed the reliable Simon effect when subjects represented the task-relevant stimulus attributes by verbal WM encoding. In addition, the response times (RTs distribution analysis for both the between- and within-category conditions of Experiments 3A and 3B showed decreased Simon effect with the RTs lengthened. Altogether, although the present results are consistent with the temporal coding account, we put forth that the Simon effect also depends on the verbal WM representation of task-relevant stimulus attribute.
Chern-Simons action for inhomogeneous Virasoro group as extension of three dimensional flat gravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Barnich, Glenn [Physique Théorique et Mathématique, Université Libre de Bruxelles and International Solvay Institutes, Campus Plaine C.P. 231, B-1050 Bruxelles (Belgium); Giribet, Gastón [Physique Théorique et Mathématique, Université Libre de Bruxelles and International Solvay Institutes, Campus Plaine C.P. 231, B-1050 Bruxelles (Belgium); Universidad de Buenos Aires FCEN-UBA and IFIBA-CONICET, Ciudad Universitaria, Pabellón I, 1428 Buenos Aires (Argentina); Instituto de Física, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso, Casilla 4059, Valparaíso (Chile); Leston, Mauricio [Instituto de Astronomía y Física del Espacio IAFE-CONICET, Ciudad Universitaria, Pabellón IAFE, C.C. 67 Suc. 28, 1428 Buenos Aires (Argentina)
2015-07-15
We initiate the study of a Chern-Simons action associated to the semi-direct sum of the Virasoro algebra with its coadjoint representation. This model extends the standard Chern-Simons formulation of three dimensional flat gravity and is similar to the higher-spin extension of three dimensional anti-de Sitter or flat gravity. The extension can also be constructed for the exotic but not for the cosmological constant deformation of flat gravity.
Dynamical Mass Generation and Confinement in Maxwell-Chern-Simons Planar Quantum Electrodynamics
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sanchez Madrigal, S; Raya, A; Hofmann, C P
2011-01-01
We study the non-perturbative phenomena of Dynamical Mass Generation and Confinement by truncating at the non-perturbative level the Schwinger-Dyson equations in Maxwell-Chern-Simons planar quantum electrodynamics. We obtain numerical solutions for the fermion propagator in Landau gauge within the so-called rainbow approximation. A comparison with the ordinary theory without the Chern-Simons term is presented.
Electron-electron attractive interaction in Maxwell-Chern-Simons QED3 at zero temperature
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Belich, H.; Ferreira Junior, M.M.; Helayel-Neto, J.A.; Ferreira Junior, M.M.
2001-04-01
One discusses the issue of low-energy electron-electron bound states in the Maxwell-Chern-Simons model coupled to QED 3 with spontaneous breaking of a local U(1)-symmetry. The scattering potential, in the non-relativistic limit, steaming from the electron-electron Moeller scattering, mediated by the Maxwell-Chern-Simons-Proca gauge field and the Higgs scalar, might be attractive by fine-tuning properly the physical parameters of the model. (author)
Richard N. Langlois
2002-01-01
In a marvelous but somewhat neglected paper, 'The Corporation: Will It Be Managed by Machines?' Herbert Simon articulated from the perspective of 1960 his vision of what we now call the New Economy the machine-aided system of production and management of the late twentieth century. Simon's analysis sprang from what I term the principle of cognitive comparative advantage: one has to understand the quite different cognitive structures of humans and machines (including computers) in order to exp...
Hydraulic Arm Modeling via Matlab SimHydraulics
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Věchet, Stanislav; Krejsa, Jiří
2009-01-01
Roč. 16, č. 4 (2009), s. 287-296 ISSN 1802-1484 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z20760514 Keywords : simulatin modeling * hydraulics * SimHydraulics Subject RIV: JD - Computer Applications, Robotics
Research on the SIM card implementing functions of transport card
Li, Yi; Wang, Lin
2015-12-01
This paper is based on the analysis for theory and key technologies of contact communication, contactless communication card and STK menu, and proposes complete software and hardware solution for achieving convenience and secure mobile payment system on SIM card.
Sim-based detection tools to minimize motorcycle theft
Triansyah, F. A.; Mudhafar, Z.; Lestari, C.; Amilia, S.; Ruswana, N. D.; Junaeti, E.
2018-05-01
The number of motorcycles in Indonesia spurs the increased criminal acts of motorcycle theft. In addition, the number of motorcycles increases the number of traffic accidents caused by improper motorists. The purpose of this research is to make METEOR (SIM Detector) which is a tool to detect the feasibility of SIM (driver license) which is used to operate and protect motorcycle against theft. METEOR is made through the assembly, encoding, testing, and sequencing stages of the motorcycle. Based on the research that has been done, METEOR generated that can detect the SIM by using additional RFID chip and can be set on the motorcycle. Without the proper SIM, motorized chests coupled with METEOR cannot be turned on. So it can be concluded that motorcycles with additional METEOR is able to be a safety device against theft and as a tool to test the feasibility of motorcycle riders.
Port-O-Sim Object Simulation Application
Lanzi, Raymond J.
2009-01-01
Port-O-Sim is a software application that supports engineering modeling and simulation of launch-range systems and subsystems, as well as the vehicles that operate on them. It is flexible, distributed, object-oriented, and realtime. A scripting language is used to configure an array of simulation objects and link them together. The script is contained in a text file, but executed and controlled using a graphical user interface. A set of modules is defined, each with input variables, output variables, and settings. These engineering models can be either linked to each other or run as standalone. The settings can be modified during execution. Since 2001, this application has been used for pre-mission failure mode training for many Range Safety Scenarios. It contains range asset link analysis, develops look-angle data, supports sky-screen site selection, drives GPS (Global Positioning System) and IMU (Inertial Measurement Unit) simulators, and can support conceptual design efforts for multiple flight programs with its capacity for rapid six-degrees-of-freedom model development. Due to the assembly of various object types into one application, the application is applicable across a wide variety of launch range problem domains.
SIMS: The SLAC Industrial Measurement System
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bell, B.
1990-01-01
Kern was the first survey company to market an Industrial Measurement System when it released ECDS (Electronic Coordinate Determination System) in the mid-1980s. Originally written for the PDP-11, a version was later released for the PC (ECDS-PC). SLAC purchased this system in 1986 and immediately began to use it for the alignment of the SLC (Stanford Linear Collider). Although ECDS enabled SLAC to perform tasks with a speed never before achieved, they experienced limitations in the software. Since Kern proved unresponsive and SLAC was unable to purchase the source code for any amount of money, they set about writing their own portions of code. They first wrote a system of menus tailored for their specific alignment tasks, and disabled much of the ECDS menu structure. Due to dissatisfaction with the ECDS bundle adjustment program, they wrote their own bundle adjustment in 1988. A further step towarad having their own complete IMS was to develop a data capture program, a task which has been underway since the beginning of this year. They do not yet have data analysis features that are fully integrated, but they do have stand-alone packages that have been written at SLAC. When they first started tinkering with ECDS there was no intention of developing a complete system, but they now have all the elements of such a system - SIMS, the SLAC Industrial Measurement System
Using SIM for strong end-to-end Application Authentication
Lunde, Lars; Wangensteen, Audun
2006-01-01
Today the Internet is mostly used for services that require low or none security. The commercial and governmental applications have started to emerge but met problems since they require strong authentication, which is both difficult and costly to realize. The SIM card used in mobile phones is a tamper resistant device that contains strong authentication mechanisms. It would be very convenient and cost-efficient if Internet services could use authentication methods based on the SIM. This mast...
SIMS prototype system 1 test results: Engineering analysis
1978-01-01
The space and domestic water solar heating system designated SIMS Prototype Systems 1 was evaluated. The test system used 720 ft (gross) of Solar Energy Products Air Collectors, a Solar Control Corporation SAM 20 Air Handler with Model 75-175 control unit, a Jackson Solar Storage tank with Rho Sigma Mod 106 controller, and 20 tons of rack storage. The test data analysis performed evaluates the system performance and documents the suitability of SIMS Prototype System 1 hardware for field installation.
Chern-Simons theory with vector fermion matter
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Giombi, Simone; Minwalla, Shiraz; Prakash, Shiroman; Trivedi, Sandip P.; Wadia, Spenta R.; Yin, Xi
2012-01-01
We study three-dimensional conformal field theories described by U(N) Chern-Simons theory at level k coupled to massless fermions in the fundamental representation. By solving a Schwinger-Dyson equation in light-cone gauge, we compute the exact planar free energy of the theory at finite temperature on R 2 as a function of the 't Hooft coupling λ=N/k. Employing a dimensional reduction regularization scheme, we find that the free energy vanishes at vertical stroke λvertical stroke =1; the conformal theory does not exist for vertical stroke λvertical stroke >1. We analyze the operator spectrum via the anomalous conservation relation for higher spin currents, and in particular show that the higher spin currents do not develop anomalous dimensions at leading order in 1/N. We present an integral equation whose solution in principle determines all correlators of these currents at leading order in 1/N and present explicit perturbative results for all three-point functions up to two loops. We also discuss a light-cone Hamiltonian formulation of this theory where a W ∞ algebra arises. The maximally supersymmetric version of our theory is ABJ model with one gauge group taken to be U(1), demonstrating that a pure higher spin gauge theory arises as a limit of string theory. (orig.)
Chern--Simons theory in the Schroedinger representation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Dunne, G.V.; Jackiw, R.; Trugenberger, C.A.
1989-01-01
We quantize the (2+1)-dimensional Chern--Simons theory in the functional Schroedinger representation. The realization of gauge transformations on states involves a 1-cocycle. We determine this cocycle; we show how solving the Gauss law constraint in the non-Abelian theory requires quantizing the parameter that normalizes the action; we trivialize the 1-cocycle with a spatially non-local cochain related to a 2-dimensional fermion determinant and we find the physical states that satisfy the Gauss law constraint. The quantum holonomy of physical states involves a contribution that is missed when the constraint is solved before quantization. We compute this quantity for the Abelian theory in Minkowski space, where it exhibits an interesting group theoretic structure. (In a note added in proof the corresponding non-Abelian computation is presented.) Also we consider coupling to external sources and offer yet another derivation of the anomalous statistics and spin of the charge and flux carrying particles---a calculation which is especially simple in the functional Schroedinger representation. copyright 1989 Academic Press, Inc
Quest for Casimir repulsion between Chern-Simons surfaces
Fialkovsky, Ignat; Khusnutdinov, Nail; Vassilevich, Dmitri
2018-04-01
In this paper we critically reconsider the Casimir repulsion between surfaces that carry the Chern-Simons interaction (corresponding to the Hall-type conductivity). We present a derivation of the Lifshitz formula valid for arbitrary planar geometries and discuss its properties. This analysis allows us to resolve some contradictions in the previous literature. We compute the Casimir energy for two surfaces that have constant longitudinal and Hall conductivities. The repulsion is possible only if both surfaces have Hall conductivities of the same sign. However, there is a critical value of the longitudinal conductivity above which the repulsion disappears. We also consider a model where both parity odd and parity even terms in the conductivity are produced by the polarization tensor of surface modes. In contrast to the previous publications [L. Chen and S.-L. Wan, Phys. Rev. B 84, 075149 (2011), 10.1103/PhysRevB.84.075149; Phys. Rev. B 85, 115102 (2012), 10.1103/PhysRevB.85.115102], we include the parity anomaly term. This term ensures that the conductivities vanish for infinitely massive surface modes. We find that at least for a single mode, regardless of the sign and value of its mass, there is no Casimir repulsion.
The Sacred Object: Anne Carson and Simone Weil
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Elizabeth Coles
2014-01-01
Full Text Available Este artículo examina la relación entre la lectura crítica y el objeto crítico en laobra de la poeta y ensayista canadiense Anne Carson, principalmente los textosque surgen de su largo acercamiento a los escritos de la filósofa y mística cristiana Simone Weil. Mi lectura de Carson se centra en los deseos conflictuales de la relación crítica que se encuentran confesados y no confesados en su obra, y en las formas de intimidad que sus respuestas logran con la obra de Weil. Agudizadas por su encuentro con el pensamiento y la fe de Weil, las preguntasde Carson para la crítica ―sobre sus propios objetos y la resistencia de ellos ala interpretación, sobre la distinción entre crítica y literatura, y sobre la vanidadde la estética de la crítica misma― encuentran su articulación en varios génerosde la escritura: estudiando la complicidad de cada uno de estos con Weil, yla capacidad de cada uno a radicalizar sus cuestiones, llego a unas conclusionspropias para la crítica literaria.
Chern-Simons gauge theory: Ten years after
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Labastida, J. M. F.
1999-01-01
A brief review on the progress made in the study of Chern-Simons gauge theory since its relation to knot theory was discovered ten years ago is presented. Emphasis is made on the analysis of the perturbative study of the theory and its connection to the theory of Vassiliev invariants. It is described how the study of the quantum field theory for three different gauge fixings leads to three different representations for Vassiliev invariants. Two of these gauge fixings lead to well known representations: the covariant Landau gauge corresponds to the configuration space integrals while the non-covariant light-cone gauge to the Kontsevich integral. The progress made in the analysis of the third gauge fixing, the non-covariant temporal gauge, is described in detail. In this case one obtains combinatorial expressions, instead of integral ones, for Vassiliev invariants. The approach based on this last gauge fixing seems very promising to obtain a full combinatorial formula. We collect the combinatorial expressions for all the Vassiliev invariants up to order four which have been obtained in this approach
The Maxwell-Chern-Simons gravity, and its cosmological implications
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Haghani, Zahra; Shahidi, Shahab [Damghan University, School of Physics, Damghan (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Harko, Tiberiu [Babes-Bolyai University, Department of Physics, Cluj-Napoca (Romania); University College London, Department of Mathematics, London (United Kingdom)
2017-08-15
We consider the cosmological implications of a gravitational theory containing two vector fields coupled via a generalized Chern-Simons term. One of the vector fields is the usual Maxwell field, while the other is a constrained vector field with constant norm included in the action via a Lagrange multiplier. The theory admits a de Sitter type solution, with healthy cosmological perturbations. We also show that there are seven degrees of freedom that propagate on top of de Sitter space-time, consisting of two tensor polarizations, four degrees of freedom related to the two vector fields, and a scalar degree of freedom that makes one of the vector fields massive. We investigate the cosmological evolution of Bianchi type I space-time, by assuming that the matter content of the Universe can be described by the stiff and dust. The cosmological evolution of the Bianchi type I Universe strongly depends on the initial conditions of the physical quantities, as well as on the model parameters. The mean anisotropy parameter, and the deceleration parameter, are also studied, and we show that independently of the matter equation of state the cosmological evolution of the Bianchi type I Universe always ends in an isotropic de Sitter type phase. (orig.)
Relativistic particles coupled to Chern-Simons term-revisited
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Chakraborty, B.
1995-01-01
The author considers the model of N relativistic spinless particles coupled to an abelian Chern-Simons term. Rewriting the action in a time reparamaterized form by introducing an arbitary parameter, parameterizing the world line of the particles, the author makes a classical constraint Hamiltonian analysis of the model. Subsequent to gauge fixing by equating the arbitrary parameter with the time the author identifies the Hamiltonian of the system, which agrees with the Hamiltonian obtained by using Banerjee's method of fixing the arbitrary Langrange multiplier by using equations of motion. The author exhibits the Poincare invariance of the model, at the classical level, by constructing spacetime generators using either the canonical or symmetric definition of the energy-momentum tensor. A detailed comparison of the expressions of angular momentum obtained by both methods show that both agree up to a boundary term. In presence of rotationally symmetric vortex configuration this term can be interpreted as an anomalous angular momentum term. The author also heuristically discusses the effect of gauge fixing on the transformation properties. 13 refs
Dense Chern-Simons matter with fermions at large N
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Geracie, Michael; Goykhman, Mikhail; Son, Dam T. [Kadanoff Center for Theoretical Physics, Enrico Fermi Institute and Department of Physics,The University of Chicago, 5620 S. Ellis Av., Chicago, IL, 60637 (United States)
2016-04-18
In this paper we investigate properties of Chern-Simons theory coupled to massive fermions in the large N limit. We demonstrate that at low temperatures the system is in a Fermi liquid state whose features can be systematically compared to the standard phenomenological theory of Landau Fermi liquids. This includes matching microscopically derived Landau parameters with thermodynamic predictions of Landau Fermi liquid theory. We also calculate the exact conductivity and viscosity tensors at zero temperature and finite chemical potential. In particular we point out that the Hall conductivity of an interacting system is not entirely accounted for by the Berry flux through the Fermi sphere. Furthermore, investigation of the thermodynamics in the non-relativistic limit reveals novel phenomena at strong coupling. As the ’t Hooft coupling λ approaches 1, the system exhibits an extended intermediate temperature regime in which the thermodynamics is described by neither the quantum Fermi liquid theory nor the classical ideal gas law. Instead, it can be interpreted as a weakly coupled quantum Bose gas.
Dense Chern-Simons matter with fermions at large N
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Geracie, Michael; Goykhman, Mikhail; Son, Dam T.
2016-01-01
In this paper we investigate properties of Chern-Simons theory coupled to massive fermions in the large N limit. We demonstrate that at low temperatures the system is in a Fermi liquid state whose features can be systematically compared to the standard phenomenological theory of Landau Fermi liquids. This includes matching microscopically derived Landau parameters with thermodynamic predictions of Landau Fermi liquid theory. We also calculate the exact conductivity and viscosity tensors at zero temperature and finite chemical potential. In particular we point out that the Hall conductivity of an interacting system is not entirely accounted for by the Berry flux through the Fermi sphere. Furthermore, investigation of the thermodynamics in the non-relativistic limit reveals novel phenomena at strong coupling. As the ’t Hooft coupling λ approaches 1, the system exhibits an extended intermediate temperature regime in which the thermodynamics is described by neither the quantum Fermi liquid theory nor the classical ideal gas law. Instead, it can be interpreted as a weakly coupled quantum Bose gas.
Dense Chern-Simons matter with fermions at large N
Geracie, Michael; Goykhman, Mikhail; Son, Dam T.
2016-04-01
In this paper we investigate properties of Chern-Simons theory coupled to massive fermions in the large N limit. We demonstrate that at low temperatures the system is in a Fermi liquid state whose features can be systematically compared to the standard phenomenological theory of Landau Fermi liquids. This includes matching microscopically derived Landau parameters with thermodynamic predictions of Landau Fermi liquid theory. We also calculate the exact conductivity and viscosity tensors at zero temperature and finite chemical potential. In particular we point out that the Hall conductivity of an interacting system is not entirely accounted for by the Berry flux through the Fermi sphere. Furthermore, investigation of the thermodynamics in the non-relativistic limit reveals novel phenomena at strong coupling. As the 't Hooft coupling λ approaches 1, the system exhibits an extended intermediate temperature regime in which the thermodynamics is described by neither the quantum Fermi liquid theory nor the classical ideal gas law. Instead, it can be interpreted as a weakly coupled quantum Bose gas.
Embedded graph invariants in Chern-Simons theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Major, Seth A.
1999-01-01
Chern-Simons gauge theory, since its inception as a topological quantum field theory, has proved to be a rich source of understanding for knot invariants. In this work the theory is used to explore the definition of the expectation value of a network of Wilson lines -- an embedded graph invariant. Using a generalization of the variational method, lowest-order results for invariants for graphs of arbitrary valence and general vertex tangent space structure are derived. Gauge invariant operators are introduced. Higher order results are found. The method used here provides a Vassiliev-type definition of graph invariants which depend on both the embedding of the graph and the group structure of the gauge theory. It is found that one need not frame individual vertices. However, without a global projection of the graph there is an ambiguity in the relation of the decomposition of distinct vertices. It is suggested that framing may be seen as arising from this ambiguity -- as a way of relating frames at distinct vertices
Campos, Sara; Filipski, Piotr; Izquierdo, Daniel; Afonso, Edson; Landim, Régis P.; Di Lillo, Lucas; Lipe, Thomas
2009-01-01
Three comparisons of ac-dc voltage transfer difference held from January to December 2004 are reported. Six NMIs in the SIM region took part: NRC (Canada), NIST (United States of America), CENAM (Mexico), INTI (Argentina), UTE (Uruguay) and INMETRO (Brazil). The comparisons were proposed to assess the measurement capabilities in ac-dc voltage transfer difference of the NMIs in the SIM region. The test points were selected to link the results with the equivalent CCEM Key Comparisons, through three NMIs participating in both SIM and CCEM key comparisons. Additionally, a SIM.EM-Supplementary comparison was proposed, in support of the SIM NMIs' power/energy meter calibration capabilities. One technical protocol and one travelling standard were used, to economize on time and resources. The report shows the degree of equivalence in the SIM region and also the degree of equivalence with the corresponding CCEM reference value. The results of all participants support the values and uncertainties of the applicable CMC entries for ac-dc voltage transfer difference in the Key Comparison Database held at the BIPM. Main text. To reach the main text of this paper, click on Final Report. Note that this text is that which appears in Appendix B of the BIPM key comparison database kcdb.bipm.org/. The final report has been peer-reviewed and approved for publication by the CCEM, according to the provisions of the CIPM Mutual Recognition Arrangement (MRA).
TOF-SIMS imaging technique with information entropy
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Aoyagi, Satoka; Kawashima, Y.; Kudo, Masahiro
2005-01-01
Time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS) is capable of chemical imaging of proteins on insulated samples in principal. However, selection of specific peaks related to a particular protein, which are necessary for chemical imaging, out of numerous candidates had been difficult without an appropriate spectrum analysis technique. Therefore multivariate analysis techniques, such as principal component analysis (PCA), and analysis with mutual information defined by information theory, have been applied to interpret SIMS spectra of protein samples. In this study mutual information was applied to select specific peaks related to proteins in order to obtain chemical images. Proteins on insulated materials were measured with TOF-SIMS and then SIMS spectra were analyzed by means of the analysis method based on the comparison using mutual information. Chemical mapping of each protein was obtained using specific peaks related to each protein selected based on values of mutual information. The results of TOF-SIMS images of proteins on the materials provide some useful information on properties of protein adsorption, optimality of immobilization processes and reaction between proteins. Thus chemical images of proteins by TOF-SIMS contribute to understand interactions between material surfaces and proteins and to develop sophisticated biomaterials
The portrayal of J. Marion Sims' controversial surgical legacy.
Spettel, Sara; White, Mark Donald
2011-06-01
In the mid 1800s Dr. J. Marion Sims reported the successful repair of vesicovaginal fistulas with a technique he developed by performing multiple operations on female slaves. A venerated physician in his time, the legacy of Dr. Sims is controversial and represents a significant chapter in the mistreatment of African-Americans by the medical establishment. This review compares the modern debate surrounding his legacy with the presentation of his operation in widely consulted urological texts and journals. A literature review was performed of medical, sociological and periodical sources (1851 to the present) regarding J. Marion Sims and vesicovaginal fistula repair. During the last several decades, while the controversy around Dr. Sims' surgical development has produced a steady stream of articles in the historical and popular literature, relatively little mention is found in standard urology textbooks or journals. With increased public attention, some have debated the removal or modification of public tributes to Dr. Sims. This move has been countered by arguments against the validity of judging a 19th century physician by modern standards. While historians, ethicists and the popular press have debated Dr. Sims' legacy, medical sources have continued to portray him unquestionably as a great figure in medical history. This division keeps the medical profession uninformed and detached from the public debate on his legacy and, thus, the larger issues of ethical treatment of surgical patients. Copyright © 2011 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Installation of a shielded SIMS in CEA Cadarache
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Desgranges, L.; Pasquet, B.; Rasser, B.
2002-01-01
A shielded SIMS 6f has been installed in the LECA in 1999 and will examine nuclear fuels before the end of this year. Meanwhile several studies have been realised to test its technical performance for nuclear materials analysis. After a brief presentation of the design of the shielded SIMS, five examples of preliminary results will be underlined. In the nuclear field, SIMS is currently used for the analysis of Zircaloy cladding corrosion because it can detect light elements like boron or lithium. More than a quantitative measurement of isotopes, it was possible with our SIMS to produce a two dimension image of the corrosion layer focusing on the protective layer. SIMS has also the advantage to detect isotopes with a low concentration. This property will be enlightened with some results obtained on sulphur in UO 2 . Because SIMS uses the erosion of the sample surface, it is possible to make depth profile. This possibility will be demonstrated on water altered glass samples on which the altered layer will be evidenced on depth profile. The last application of SIMS presented in the paper is addressed to nuclear fuel with detection of xenon. Fission gases release is indeed of first importance for nuclear fuel because it affects fuel swelling, rod internal pressure, fuel thermal conductivity via the formation of pores etc. We have demonstrated that it was possible to measure xenon on an unirradiated UO 2 sample implanted with xenon. It was also proved that xenon could be measured in gaseous state, which would make possible the measurement of xenon filling pores. (author)
Wittfoth, Matthias; Buck, Daniela; Fahle, Manfred; Herrmann, Manfred
2006-08-15
The present study aimed at characterizing the neural correlates of conflict resolution in two variations of the Simon effect. We introduced two different Simon tasks where subjects had to identify shapes on the basis of form-from-motion perception (FFMo) within a randomly moving dot field, while (1) motion direction (motion-based Simon task) or (2) stimulus location (location-based Simon task) had to be ignored. Behavioral data revealed that both types of Simon tasks induced highly significant interference effects. Using event-related fMRI, we could demonstrate that both tasks share a common cluster of activated brain regions during conflict resolution (pre-supplementary motor area (pre-SMA), superior parietal lobule (SPL), and cuneus) but also show task-specific activation patterns (left superior temporal cortex in the motion-based, and the left fusiform gyrus in the location-based Simon task). Although motion-based and location-based Simon tasks are conceptually very similar (Type 3 stimulus-response ensembles according to the taxonomy of [Kornblum, S., Stevens, G. (2002). Sequential effects of dimensional overlap: findings and issues. In: Prinz, W., Hommel., B. (Eds.), Common mechanism in perception and action. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 9-54]) conflict resolution in both tasks results in the activation of different task-specific regions probably related to the different sources of task-irrelevant information. Furthermore, the present data give evidence those task-specific regions are most likely to detect the relationship between task-relevant and task-irrelevant information.
Integrable spin chain in superconformal Chern-Simons theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bak, Dongsu; Rey, Soo-Jong
2008-01-01
N = 6 superconformal Chern-Simons theory was proposed as gauge theory dual to Type IIA string theory on AdS 4 x CP 3 . We study integrability of the theory from conformal dimension spectrum of single trace operators at planar limit. At strong 't Hooft coupling, the spectrum is obtained from excitation energy of free superstring on OSp(6|4; R)/SO(3, 1) x SU(3) x U(1) supercoset. We recall that the worldsheet theory is integrable classically by utilizing well-known results concerning sigma model on symmetric space. With R-symmetry group SU(4), we also solve relevant Yang-Baxter equation for a spin chain system associated with the single trace operators. From the solution, we construct alternating spin chain Hamiltonian involving three-site interactions between 4 and 4-bar . At weak 't Hooft coupling, we study gauge theory perturbatively, and calculate action of dilatation operator to single trace operators up to two loops. To ensure consistency, we computed all relevant Feynman diagrams contributing to the dilatation opeator. We find that resulting spin chain Hamiltonian matches with the Hamiltonian derived from Yang-Baxter equation. We further study new issues arising from the shortest gauge invariant operators TrY I Y † J = (15, 1). We observe that 'wrapping interactions' are present, compute the true spectrum and find that the spectrum agrees with prediction from supersymmetry. We also find that scaling dimension computed naively from alternating spin chain Hamiltonian coincides with the true spectrum. We solve Bethe ansatz equations for small number of excitations, and find indications of correlation between excitations of 4's and 4-bar 's and of nonexistence of mesonic (44-bar ) bound-state.
SIMON: A mobile robot for floor contamination surveys
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Dudar, E.; Teese, G.; Wagner, D.
1991-01-01
The Robotics Development group at the Savannah River Site is developing an autonomous robot to perform radiological surveys of potentially contaminated floors. The robot scans floors at a speed of one-inch/second and stops, sounds an alarm, and flashes lights when contamination in a certain area is detected. The contamination of interest here is primarily alpha and beta-gamma. The contamination levels are low to moderate. The robot, a Cybermotion K2A, is radio controlled, uses dead reckoning to determine vehicle position, and docks with a charging station to replenish its batteries and calibrate its position. It has an ultrasonic collision avoidance system as well as two safety bumpers that will stop the robot's motion when they are depressed. Paths for the robot are preprogrammed and the robot's motion can be monitored on a remote screen which shows a graphical map of the environment. The radiation instrument being used is an Eberline RM22A monitor. This monitor is microcomputer based with a serial I/O interface for remote operation. Up to 30 detectors may be configured with the RM22A. For our purposes, two downward-facing gas proportional detectors are used to scan floors, and one upward-facing detector is used for radiation background compensation. SIMON is interfaced with the RM22A in such a way that it scans the floor surface at one-inch/second, and if contamination is detected, the vehicle stops, alarms, and activates a voice synthesizer. Future development includes using the contamination data collected to provide a graphical contour map of a contaminated area. 3 refs
Extremal black holes in dynamical Chern–Simons gravity
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
McNees, Robert; Stein, Leo C; Yunes, Nicolás
2016-01-01
Rapidly rotating black hole (BH) solutions in theories beyond general relativity (GR) play a key role in experimental gravity, as they allow us to compute observables in extreme spacetimes that deviate from the predictions of GR. Such solutions are often difficult to find in beyond-general-relativity theories due to the inclusion of additional fields that couple to the metric nonlinearly and non-minimally. In this paper, we consider rotating BH solutions in one such theory, dynamical Chern–Simons (dCS) gravity, where the Einstein–Hilbert action is modified by the introduction of a dynamical scalar field that couples to the metric through the Pontryagin density. We treat dCS gravity as an effective field theory and work in the decoupling limit, where corrections are treated as small perturbations from GR. We perturb about the maximally rotating Kerr solution, the so-called extremal limit, and develop mathematical insight into the analysis techniques needed to construct solutions for generic spin. First we find closed-form, analytic expressions for the extremal scalar field, and then determine the trace of the metric perturbation, giving both in terms of Legendre decompositions. Retaining only the first three and four modes in the Legendre representation of the scalar field and the trace, respectively, suffices to ensure a fidelity of over 99% relative to full numerical solutions. The leading-order mode in the Legendre expansion of the trace of the metric perturbation contains a logarithmic divergence at the extremal Kerr horizon, which is likely to be unimportant as it occurs inside the perturbed dCS horizon. The techniques employed here should enable the construction of analytic, closed-form expressions for the scalar field and metric perturbations on a background with arbitrary rotation. (paper)
Simon nitinol vena cava filters: effectiveness and complications
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Wolf, F.; Thurnher, S.; Lammer, J.
2001-01-01
Purpose: The aim of this retrospective analysis was to evaluate the clinical safety and effectiveness of the simon nitinol inferior vena cava filter (SNF) for prevention of pulmonary embolism. Patients and Methods: 117 patients (63 male, 54 female; aged 58.38 ± 14.59 years) underwent percutaneous implantation of an SNF from 1993 through 1999. Patient reports were retrospectively analysed for complications during and after implantation and deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism before and after implantation. Helical-CT with contrast media and plain abdominal radiography were performed on 35 patients, helical-CT alone on two patients. We checked the position and configuration of the SNF and looked for a perforation of the filter legs through the wall of the inferior vena cava (IVC). The IVC and deep pelvic veins were analysed for patency. Results: During implantation 10 of 117 (9%) patients had minor complications, major complications were reported in 0.9% (1/117). There was no significant increase in thrombosis of the deep pelvic veins and the IVC after implantation. Pulmonary re-embolism (PE) was documented in 9 out of 117 patients (7.7%). One out of the 35 examined patients (2.9%) showed a single strut fracture of the SNF. Tilting more than 15 was seen in 7 out of 37 patients (19%). Dislocation of the SNF more than 10 mm occurred in one out of 35 patients (2.9%), perforation through the wall of the IVC in all 37 patients. We found no occlusion of the IVC. (orig.) [de
Accurate depth profiling for ultra-shallow implants using backside-SIMS
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hongo, Chie; Tomita, Mitsuhiro; Takenaka, Miyuki
2004-01-01
We studied methods for accurate depth profiling for ultra-shallow implants using backside-SIMS. For the measurement of ultra-shallow profiles, the effects of surface transient and atomic mixing are not negligible. Therefore, we applied backside-SIMS to analyze ultra-shallow doping in order to exclude these effects. Backside-SIMS profiles show a sharper ion implantation tail than surface-side-SIMS profiles. In addition, the primary ion energy dependence becomes weaker when backside-SIMS is used [Surf. Interf. Anal. 29 (2000) 362; Appl. Surf. Sci. 203-204 (2003) 264; J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 21 (2003) 1422]. However, the peak concentration of the backside sample was lower than that of the surface-side sample. Therefore, the sample flatness was estimated using the SIMS response function. Furthermore, SIMS profiles were simulated using SIMS response functions. This simulation shows how the sample flatness affects the SIMS profile
SIMS: addressing the problem of heterogeneity in databases
Arens, Yigal
1997-02-01
The heterogeneity of remotely accessible databases -- with respect to contents, query language, semantics, organization, etc. -- presents serious obstacles to convenient querying. The SIMS (single interface to multiple sources) system addresses this global integration problem. It does so by defining a single language for describing the domain about which information is stored in the databases and using this language as the query language. Each database to which SIMS is to provide access is modeled using this language. The model describes a database's contents, organization, and other relevant features. SIMS uses these models, together with a planning system drawing on techniques from artificial intelligence, to decompose a given user's high-level query into a series of queries against the databases and other data manipulation steps. The retrieval plan is constructed so as to minimize data movement over the network and maximize parallelism to increase execution speed. SIMS can recover from network failures during plan execution by obtaining data from alternate sources, when possible. SIMS has been demonstrated in the domains of medical informatics and logistics, using real databases.
uleSIMS characterization of silver reference surfaces
Palitsin, V. V.; Dowsett, M. G.; Mata, B. Guzmán de la; Oloff, I. W.; Gibbons, R.
2006-07-01
Ultra low energy SIMS (uleSIMS) is a high sensitivity analytical technique that is normally used for ultra shallow profiling at a depth resolution of up to1 nm. This work describes the use of uleSIMS as both a spectroscopic and depth-profiling tool for the characterization of the early stages of corrosion formed on reference surfaces of silver. These samples are being developed to help with the characterization of tarnished surfaces in a cultural heritage context, and uleSIMS enables the tarnishing to be studied from its very earliest stages due to its high sensitivity (ppm-ppb) and surface specificity. We show that, uleSIMS can be used effectively to study the surface chemistry and aid the development of reference surfaces themselves. In particular, handling contaminants, surface dust, and residues from polishing are relatively easy to identify allowing them to be separated from the parts of the mass spectrum specific to the early stages of corrosion.
The Influence of Negative Emotion on the Simon Effect as Reflected by P300
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Qingguo Ma
2013-01-01
Full Text Available The Simon effect refers to the phenomenon that reaction time (RT is faster when stimulus and response location are congruent than when they are not. This study used the priming-target paradigm to explore the influence of induced negative emotion on the Simon effect with event-related potential techniques (ERPs. The priming stimuli were composed of two kinds of pictures, the negative and neutral pictures, selected from the International Affective Picture System (IAPS. The target stimuli included chessboards of two color types. One was red and black the other one was green and black. Each chessboard was presented on the left or the right of the screen. The participants were asked to press the response keys according to the colors of the chessboards. It was called the congruent condition if the chessboard and the response key were on the same side, otherwise incongruent condition. In this study, the emotion-priming Simon effect was found in terms of RT and P300. Negative emotion compared with neutral emotion significantly enhanced the Simon effect in the cognitive process, reflected by a larger difference of P300 latency between the incongruent and congruent trials. The results suggest that the induced negative emotion influenced the Simon effect at the late stage of the cognitive process, and the P300 latency could be considered as the reference measure. These findings may be beneficial to researches in psychology and industrial engineering in the future.
The Six Swans and the Girl Some considerations about the salvation in Simone Weil
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Maria Clara Lucchetti Bingemer
2015-04-01
Full Text Available This paper aims to show the connection that Simone Weil´s thought has always had with the literature, specially with the fables and tales. Fables and tales have true insights of the Truth coming from the depths of humanity unconscious and after that become true believed and appropriate by the cultures and civilizations. Among these fables and tales, there is one that has fascinated since childhood Simone: The six swans by Grimm. In it,Simone, an agnostic and still knowing nothing of Christianity,describes the role of the girl who has saved his brothers from a spell. This tale, certainly has prepared the meeting of Simone with Christianity, as well as reading she did the Christian narrative of salvation wich she has lived herself.Keywords: Simone Weil; Grimm Tales; Theology and Literature.
Chern-Simons matrix models, two-dimensional Yang-Mills theory and the Sutherland model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Szabo, Richard J; Tierz, Miguel
2010-01-01
We derive some new relationships between matrix models of Chern-Simons gauge theory and of two-dimensional Yang-Mills theory. We show that q-integration of the Stieltjes-Wigert matrix model is the discrete matrix model that describes q-deformed Yang-Mills theory on S 2 . We demonstrate that the semiclassical limit of the Chern-Simons matrix model is equivalent to the Gross-Witten model in the weak-coupling phase. We study the strong-coupling limit of the unitary Chern-Simons matrix model and show that it too induces the Gross-Witten model, but as a first-order deformation of Dyson's circular ensemble. We show that the Sutherland model is intimately related to Chern-Simons gauge theory on S 3 , and hence to q-deformed Yang-Mills theory on S 2 . In particular, the ground-state wavefunction of the Sutherland model in its classical equilibrium configuration describes the Chern-Simons free energy. The correspondence is extended to Wilson line observables and to arbitrary simply laced gauge groups.
Surface studies on uranium monocarbide using XPS and SIMS
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Asuvathraman, R.
1995-01-01
The air-exposed surfaces of sintered and arc-melted UC samples were examined by XPS and SIMS. XPS results indicate that the surface is covered with a very thin layer of UO 2 mixed with free carbon, which would have formed along with the oxide during the reaction between UC and oxygen or moisture. From the SIMS depth profile of oxygen, the thickness of the oxide layer is found to be approximately 10 nm. The SIMS oxygen images of the surface as a function of etching time reveal that the surface of UC consists of a top layer of adsorbed moisture/oxygen; this contamination layer is followed by a layer containing uranium oxide, uranium hydroxide and free carbon and then grain boundary oxide and finally bulk UC. The behaviour of sintered and arc-melted samples is similar. ((orig.))
SIMS analysis of extended impact features on LDEF experiment
Amari, S.; Foote, J.; Jessberger, E. K.; Simon, C.; Stadermann, F. J.; Swan, P.; Walker, R.; Zinner, E.
1991-01-01
Discussed here are the first Secondary Ion Mass Spectroscopy (SIMS) analysis of projectile material deposited in extended impact features on Ge wafers from the trailing edge. Although most capture cells lost their plastic film covers, they contain extended impact features that apparently were produced by high velocity impacts when the plastic foils were still intact. Detailed optical scanning of all bare capture cells from the trailing edge revealed more than 100 impacts. Fifty-eight were selected by scanning electron microscope (SEM) inspection as prime candidates for SIMS analysis. Preliminary SIMS measurements were made on 15 impacts. More than half showed substantial enhancements of Mg, Al, Si, Ca, and Fe in the impact region, indicating micrometeorites as the projectiles.
SIMS and TEM study on oxide characteristics of Zircaloy
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Jung, Y. H.; Baek, J. H.; Kim, S. J.; Kim, K. H.; Choi, B. K.; Jung, Y. H.
1998-01-01
Long-term corrosion test, SIMS analysis, and TEM study were carried out to investigate the corrosion characteristics and corrosion mechanism of Zircaloy-4 in LiOH solution. The corrosion tests were performed in alkali solutions at 350 deg C for 500days. SIMS analysis was performed for the specimens prepared to have an equal oxide thickness to measure the cation content. TEM studies on the samples formed in various alkali solutions were also conducted. Based on the corrosion test, SIMS analysis, and TEM study, the cation is considered to control the corrosion in LiOH solution and its effect is dependent on the concentration of alkali and the oxide thickness. The slight acceleration of corrosion rate at a low concentration is thought to be caused by the cation incorporation into oxide while the significant acceleration at a high concentration is due to the transformation of oxide microstructure that would be induced by the cation incorporation
Chern-Simons invariants on hyperbolic manifolds and topological quantum field theories
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bonora, L. [International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA/ISAS), Trieste (Italy); INFN, Sezione di Trieste (Italy); Bytsenko, A.A.; Goncalves, A.E. [Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Departamento de Fisica, Londrina-Parana (Brazil)
2016-11-15
We derive formulas for the classical Chern-Simons invariant of irreducible SU(n)-flat connections on negatively curved locally symmetric three-manifolds. We determine the condition for which the theory remains consistent (with basic physical principles). We show that a connection between holomorphic values of Selberg-type functions at point zero, associated with R-torsion of the flat bundle, and twisted Dirac operators acting on negatively curved manifolds, can be interpreted by means of the Chern-Simons invariant. On the basis of the Labastida-Marino-Ooguri-Vafa conjecture we analyze a representation of the Chern-Simons quantum partition function (as a generating series of quantum group invariants) in the form of an infinite product weighted by S-functions and Selberg-type functions. We consider the case of links and a knot and use the Rogers approach to discover certain symmetry and modular form identities. (orig.)
SimDialog: A visual game dialog editor
Owen, C.; Biocca, F.; Bohil, C.; Conley, J.
2008-01-01
SimDialog is a visual editor for dialog in computer games. This paper presents the design of SimDialog, illustrating how script writers and non-programmers can easily create dialog for video games with complex branching structures and dynamic response characteristics. The system creates dialog as a directed graph. This allows for play using the dialog with a state-based cause and effect system that controls selection of non-player character responses and can provide a basic scoring mechanism ...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Park, Mu-In
2008-01-01
Recently, the Banados-Teitelboim-Zanelli (BTZ) black hole in the presence of the gravitational Chern-Simons term has been studied, and it is found that the usual thermodynamic quantities, like the black hole mass, angular momentum, and entropy, are modified. But, for large values of the gravitational Chern-Simons coupling where the modification terms dominate the original terms some exotic behaviors occur, like the roles of the mass and angular momentum are interchanged and the entropy depends more on the inner horizon area than the outer one. A basic physical problem of this system is that the form of entropy does not guarantee the second law of thermodynamics, in contrast to the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy. Moreover, this entropy does not agree with the statistical entropy, in contrast to a good agreement for small values of the gravitational Chern-Simons coupling. Here I find that there is another entropy formula where the usual Bekenstein-Hawking form dominates the inner-horizon term again, as in the small gravitational Chern-Simons coupling case, such that the second law of thermodynamics can be guaranteed. I also find that the new entropy formula agrees with the statistical entropy based on the holographic anomalies for the whole range of the gravitational Chern-Simons coupling. This reproduces, in the limit of a vanishing Einstein-Hilbert term, the recent result about the exotic BTZ black holes, where their masses and angular momenta are completely interchanged and the entropies depend only on the area of the inner horizon. I compare the result of the holographic approach with the classical-symmetry-algebra-based approach, and I find exact agreements even with the higher-derivative corrections of the gravitational Chern-Simons term. This provides a nontrivial check of the AdS/CFT correspondence, in the presence of higher-derivative terms in the gravity action
Forge, Arquillian, Swarm and Spring Boot: All play and no effort makes Simon a productive boy
CERN. Geneva
2017-01-01
During this live coding session, Simon will shine some light on a range productivity tools that make software development a pleasure rather than a chore. Simon will live code 2 applications; a Java EE application, with JBoss Forge which uses JPA, Bean Validation, REST and Angular. We’ll test this application using Arquillian from within JBoss Forge. We’ll also show how a Java EE microservice can be developed in Forge and run using JBoss Swarm. The second application will be developed on Spring Boot and using JRebel we’ll rapidly develop and run a Spring application. Attendees will learn how to write code productively using tools designed for developers.
Lorentz-violating Yang-Mills theory. Discussing the Chern-Simons-like term generation
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Santos, Tiago R.S.; Sobreiro, Rodrigo F. [UFF-Universidade Federal Fluminense, Instituto de Fisica, Niteroi, RJ (Brazil)
2017-12-15
We analyze the Chern-Simons-like term generation in the CPT-odd Lorentz-violating Yang-Mills theory interacting with fermions. Moreover, we study the anomalies of this model as well as its quantum stability. The whole analysis is performed within the algebraic renormalization theory, which is independent of the renormalization scheme. In addition, all results are valid to all orders in perturbation theory. We find that the Chern-Simons-like term is not generated by radiative corrections, just like its Abelian version. Additionally, the model is also free of gauge anomalies and quantum stable. (orig.)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ezawa, Z.F.; Iwazaki, A.
1991-01-01
It is shown that Chern-Simons gauge theories describe both the fractional-quantum-Hall-effect (FQHE) hierarchy and anyon superconductivity, simply by field-theoretically extracting the effects of vortex excitations. Vortices correspond to Laughlin's quasiparticles or bound states of anyons. Both of these phenomena are explained by the condensations of these vortices. We clarify why the anyon systems become incompressible (FQHE) or compressible (anyon superconductivity) depending on the statistics. It is to be emphasized that we can derive an effective Lagrangian describing fully the FQHE hierarchy from a basic Chern-Simons gauge theory
Classical r-matrices for the generalised Chern–Simons formulation of 3d gravity
Osei, Prince K.; Schroers, Bernd J.
2018-04-01
We study the conditions for classical r-matrices to be compatible with the generalised Chern–Simons action for 3d gravity. Compatibility means solving the classical Yang–Baxter equations with a prescribed symmetric part for each of the real Lie algebras and bilinear pairings arising in the generalised Chern–Simons action. We give a new construction of r-matrices via a generalised complexification and derive a non-linear set of matrix equations determining the most general compatible r-matrix. We exhibit new families of solutions and show that they contain some known r-matrices for special parameter values.
Vortex solutions of a Maxwell-Chern-Simons field coupled to four-fermion theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hyun, S.; Shin, J.; Yee, J.H.; Lee, H.
1997-01-01
We find the static vortex solutions of the model of a Maxwell-Chern-Simons gauge field coupled to a (2+1)-dimensional four-fermion theory. Especially, we introduce two matter currents coupled to the gauge field minimally: the electromagnetic current and a topological current associated with the electromagnetic current. Unlike other Chern-Simons solitons the N-soliton solution of this theory has binding energy and the stability of the solutions is maintained by the charge conservation laws. copyright 1997 The American Physical Society
Chern-Simons topological Lagrangians in odd dimensions and their Kaluza-Klein reduction
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Wu, Y.
1984-01-01
Clarifying the behavior of generic Chern-Simons secondary invariants under infinitesimal variation and finite gauge transformation, it is proved that they are eligible to be a candidate term in the Lagrangian in odd dimensions (2k-1 for gauge theories and 4k-1 for gravity). The coefficients in front of these terms may be quantized because of topological reasons. As a possible application, the dimensional reduction of such actions in Kaluza-Klein theory is discussed. The difficulty in defining the Chern-Simons action for topologically nontrivial field configurations is pointed out and resolved
Ku, Hsiao-Yuh
2018-01-01
Shena Simon (1883-1972), a leading English socialist and educationist, actively called for the reform of secondary education in the 1930s and 1940s in order to bring the ideal of 'equality of opportunity' into the English educational system. This paper explores the continuity and changes in Simon's proposed reforms in relation to her ideals of…
SORCE SIM Level 3 Solar Spectral Irradiance Daily Means V020
National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The SORCE SIM Solar Spectral Irradiance (SSI) data product SOR3SIMD is constructed using measurements from the SIM instruments, which are combined into merged daily...
SORCE SIM Level 3 Solar Spectral Irradiance Daily Means V022
National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The SORCE SIM Solar Spectral Irradiance (SSI) data product SOR3SIMD is constructed using measurements from the SIM instruments, which are combined into merged daily...
Bio-SimVerb and Bio-SimLex: wide-coverage evaluation sets of word similarity in biomedicine.
Chiu, Billy; Pyysalo, Sampo; Vulić, Ivan; Korhonen, Anna
2018-02-05
Word representations support a variety of Natural Language Processing (NLP) tasks. The quality of these representations is typically assessed by comparing the distances in the induced vector spaces against human similarity judgements. Whereas comprehensive evaluation resources have recently been developed for the general domain, similar resources for biomedicine currently suffer from the lack of coverage, both in terms of word types included and with respect to the semantic distinctions. Notably, verbs have been excluded, although they are essential for the interpretation of biomedical language. Further, current resources do not discern between semantic similarity and semantic relatedness, although this has been proven as an important predictor of the usefulness of word representations and their performance in downstream applications. We present two novel comprehensive resources targeting the evaluation of word representations in biomedicine. These resources, Bio-SimVerb and Bio-SimLex, address the previously mentioned problems, and can be used for evaluations of verb and noun representations respectively. In our experiments, we have computed the Pearson's correlation between performances on intrinsic and extrinsic tasks using twelve popular state-of-the-art representation models (e.g. word2vec models). The intrinsic-extrinsic correlations using our datasets are notably higher than with previous intrinsic evaluation benchmarks such as UMNSRS and MayoSRS. In addition, when evaluating representation models for their abilities to capture verb and noun semantics individually, we show a considerable variation between performances across all models. Bio-SimVerb and Bio-SimLex enable intrinsic evaluation of word representations. This evaluation can serve as a predictor of performance on various downstream tasks in the biomedical domain. The results on Bio-SimVerb and Bio-SimLex using standard word representation models highlight the importance of developing dedicated
Teaching SIMS fundamentals using the FIB ion microscope
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Chater, Richard J.; McPhail, David S.
2008-01-01
The use of liquid metal source ion beams for microscopy and ion milling applications has increased dramatically in recent years. This paper explores the teaching of ion-solid sputtering and ionization phenomena without the facility to mass analyse the ionised yield available in dedicated SIMS instrumentation. Fundamental parameters can be demonstrated during the limited period of an undergraduate laboratory teaching session
Trace element analysis in silicon by accelerator SIMS
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ender, R.M.; Suter, M. [Eidgenoessische Technische Hochschule, Zurich (Switzerland); Doebeli, M.; Synal, H.A. [Paul Scherrer Inst. (PSI), Villigen (Switzerland)
1997-09-01
The accelerator SIMS technique has been applied to Si samples implanted with different elements. It has been shown that concentrations of several trace elements can be analysed down to about 1 ppb in depth profiling mode. (author) 2 figs., 1 ref.
Application of SIMS to the analysis of environmental samples
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Seyama, Haruhiko
2003-01-01
As an example of surface analysis of environmental samples, SIMS was applied to airborne particulates, fish otoliths (a calcareous ear-stone) and biotites (a rock-forming aluminosilicate mineral). Airborne particulates deposited on leaf surface were analyzed directly by fast atom bombardment (FAB)-SIMS using an O 2 primary neutral beam. Some metal elements, such as Pb, of aerosol origin could be detected. Local areas of a thin section of an otolith were analyzed by FAB-SIMS. Line scans and images of secondary ions revealed seasonal periodicity in Sr, Na and K concentrations in the otolith that corresponded to the annual band structure. Surface alteration of acid-treated and naturally weathered biotites was studied by SIMS depth profiling using an O - primary ion. The depth profile of the acid-treated biotite showed the formation of an altered surface layer rich in Si. In contrast a thick altered surface layer was not observed and Al was held on the surface under natural weathering
Analysis of impurities in semiconductor by IMA (SIMS)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Komori, Junko; Masuko, Yoji; Koyama, Hiroshi
1988-01-01
The report outlines the measuring mechanism of SIMS and its applications in the field of semiconductor production. SIMS is the only equipment currently available for micrometer-order analysis and ppb-level impurities detection required for evaluation of semiconductors. In SIMS, sputtering of the sample surface is performed with primary ions and the secondary ions released from the sample are analyzed to identify the atomic species existing in the surface. The sputtering process and ionization process are outlined in the report, though the details of sputtering has not been fully clarified yet. In actual observation, some problems may be caused due to interfering ions and residual ions. In general, various ions including multi-valent ions, cluster ions, molecular ions, hydrogenated/oxygenated ions and hydrocarbon ions are produced in addition to monovalent ions to interfere the atoms under analysis. Interference by these ions can cause serious problems in carrying out depth profile analysis as well as observation of mass spectra. Major applications of SIMS in the field of semiconductor production include the evaluation of silicon surface, light elements, insulating materials and semiconductor devices. Some requirements to be met by further studies are also listed. (N.K.)
Metrology aspects of SIMS depth profiling for advanced ULSI processes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Budrevich, Andre; Hunter, Jerry
1998-01-01
As the semiconductor industry roadmap passes through the 0.1 μm technology node, the junction depth of the transistor source/drain extension will be required to be less than 20 nm and the well doping will be near 1.0 μm in depth. The development of advanced ULSI processing techniques requires the evolution of new metrology tools to ensure process capability. High sensitivity (ppb) coupled with excellent depth resolution (1 nm) makes SIMS the technique of choice for measuring the in-depth chemical distribution of these dopants with high precision and accuracy. This paper will discuss the issues, which impact the accuracy and precision of SIMS measurements of ion implants (both shallow and deep). First this paper will discuss common uses of the SIMS technique in the technology development and manufacturing of advanced ULSI processes. In the second part of this paper the ability of SIMS to make high precision measurements of ion implant depth profiles will be studied
SIMS prototype System 3 test results: engineering analysis
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
1978-08-01
The results obtained during testing of a closed hydronic drain down solar system designed for space and hot water heating are presented. Data analysis is included which documents the system performance and verifies the suitability of SIMS Prototype System 3 for field installation.
TOF-SIMS studies of yttria-stabilised zirconia
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hansen, Karin Vels; Norrman, Kion; Mogensen, Mogens Bjerg
2006-01-01
The surface of an as-polished and an as-sintered yttria-stabilised zirconia pellet was analysed with XPS and TOF-SIMS (depth profiling and imaging) in order to study the distribution of impurities. The polished sample was slightly contaminated with Na, K, Mg and Ca. The sintered sample showed...
SIMS prototype system 3 test results: Engineering analysis
1978-01-01
The results obtained during testing of a closed hydronic drain down solar system designed for space and hot water heating is presented. Data analysis is included which documents the system performance and verifies the suitability of SIMS Prototype System 3 for field installation.
Development practices and lessons learned in developing SimPEG
Cockett, R.; Heagy, L. J.; Kang, S.; Rosenkjaer, G. K.
2015-12-01
Inverse modelling provides a mathematical framework for constructing a model of physical property distributions in the subsurface that are consistent with the data collected in geophysical surveys. The geosciences are increasingly moving towards the integration of geological, geophysical, and hydrological information to better characterize the subsurface. This integration must span disciplines and is not only challenging scientifically, but additionally the inconsistencies between conventions often makes implementations complicated, non reproducible, or inefficient. SimPEG is an open-source, multi-university effort aimed at providing a generalized framework for solving forward and inverse problems. SimPEG includes finite volume discretizations on structured and unstructured meshes, interfaces to standard numerical solver packages, convex optimization algorithms, model parameterizations, and visualization routines. The SimPEG package (http://simpeg.xyz) supports an ecosystem of forward and inverse modelling applications, including electromagnetics, vadose zone flow, seismic, and potential fields, that are all written with a common interface and toolbox. The goal of SimPEG is to support a community of researchers with well-tested, extensible tools, and encourage transparency and reproducibility both of the SimPEG software and the geoscientific research it is applied to. In this presentation, we will share some of the lessons we have learned in designing the modular infrastructure, testing and development practices of SimPEG. We will discuss our use of version control, extensive unit-testing, continuous integration, documentation, issue tracking, and resources that facilitate communication between existing team members and allows new researchers to get involved. These practices have enabled the use of SimPEG in research, industry, and education as well as the ability to support a growing number of dependent repositories and applications. We hope that sharing our
Teaching the Teacher: Tutoring SimStudent Leads to More Effective Cognitive Tutor Authoring
Matsuda, Noboru; Cohen, William W.; Koedinger, Kenneth R.
2015-01-01
SimStudent is a machine-learning agent initially developed to help novice authors to create cognitive tutors without heavy programming. Integrated into an existing suite of software tools called Cognitive Tutor Authoring Tools (CTAT), SimStudent helps authors to create an expert model for a cognitive tutor by tutoring SimStudent on how to solve…
Structural analysis of poly-SUMO chain recognition by the RNF4-SIMs domain.
Kung, Camy C-H; Naik, Mandar T; Wang, Szu-Huan; Shih, Hsiu-Ming; Chang, Che-Chang; Lin, Li-Ying; Chen, Chia-Lin; Ma, Che; Chang, Chi-Fon; Huang, Tai-Huang
2014-08-15
The E3 ubiquitin ligase RNF4 (RING finger protein 4) contains four tandem SIM [SUMO (small ubiquitin-like modifier)-interaction motif] repeats for selective interaction with poly-SUMO-modified proteins, which it targets for degradation. We employed a multi-faceted approach to characterize the structure of the RNF4-SIMs domain and the tetra-SUMO2 chain to elucidate the interaction between them. In solution, the SIM domain was intrinsically disordered and the linkers of the tetra-SUMO2 were highly flexible. Individual SIMs of the RNF4-SIMs domains bind to SUMO2 in the groove between the β2-strand and the α1-helix parallel to the β2-strand. SIM2 and SIM3 bound to SUMO with a high affinity and together constituted the recognition module necessary for SUMO binding. SIM4 alone bound to SUMO with low affinity; however, its contribution to tetra-SUMO2 binding avidity is comparable with that of SIM3 when in the RNF4-SIMs domain. The SAXS data of the tetra-SUMO2-RNF4-SIMs domain complex indicate that it exists as an ordered structure. The HADDOCK model showed that the tandem RNF4-SIMs domain bound antiparallel to the tetra-SUMO2 chain orientation and wrapped around the SUMO protamers in a superhelical turn without imposing steric hindrance on either molecule.
SimNEC : research platform for studying human functioning in NCW
Veen, H.A.H.C. van; Graaf, B. de; Essens, P.
2006-01-01
SimNEC is TNOÆs grand scheme for experimentally studying human factors issues related to NEC/NCW. The research platform SimNEC consists of multidisciplinary expert teams, long-term research programmes, and a local network of state-of-the-art simulator modules. SimNEC does not focus on technology,
Roberts, Hayley; POLARBEAR
2018-06-01
Simons Array is a cosmic microwave background (CMB) polarization experiment located at 5,200 meter altitude site in the Atacama desert in Chile. The science goals of the Simons Array are to characterize the CMB B-mode signal from gravitational lensing, and search for B-mode polarization generated from inflationary gravitational waves.In 2012, POLARBEAR-1 (PB-1) began observations and the POLARBEAR team has published the first measurements of non-zero polarization B-mode polarization angular power spectrum where gravitational lensing of CMB is the dominant signal.POLARBEAR-2A (PB-2A), the first of three receivers of Simons Array, will have 7,588 polarization sensitive Transition Edge Sensor (TES) bolometers with frequencies 90 GHz and 150 GHz. This represents a factor of 6 increase in detector count compared to PB-1. Once Simons Array is fully deployed, the focal plane array will consist 22,764 TES bolometers across 90 GHz, 150 GHz, 220 GHz, and 270 GHz with a projected instantaneous sensitivity of 2.5 µK√s. Here we present the status of PB-2A and characterization of the integrated focal plane to be deployed summer of 2018.
Social priming improves cognitive control in elderly adults--evidence from the Simon task.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Daniela Aisenberg
Full Text Available We examined whether social priming of cognitive states affects the inhibitory process in elderly adults, as aging is related to deficits in inhibitory control. Forty-eight elderly adults and 45 young adults were assigned to three groups and performed a cognitive control task (Simon task, which was followed by 3 different manipulations of social priming (i.e., thinking about an 82 year-old person: 1 negative--characterized by poor cognitive abilities, 2 neutral--characterized by acts irrelevant to cognitive abilities, and 3 positive--excellent cognitive abilities. After the manipulation, the Simon task was performed again. Results showed improvement in cognitive control effects in seniors after the positive manipulation, indicated by a significant decrease in the magnitude of the Simon and interference effects, but not after the neutral and negative manipulations. Furthermore, a healthy pattern of sequential effect (Gratton that was absent before the manipulation in all 3 groups appeared after the positive manipulation. Namely, the Simon effect was only present after congruent but not after incongruent trials for the positive manipulation group. No influence of manipulations was found in young adults. These meaningful results were replicated in a second experiment and suggest a decrease in conflict interference resulting from positive cognitive state priming. Our study provides evidence that an implicit social concept of a positive cognitive condition in old age can affect the control process of the elderly and improve cognitive abilities.
Euler–Chern–Simons gravity from Lovelock–Born–Infeld gravity
Izaurieta, F.; Rodriguez, E.; Salgado, P.
2004-01-01
In the context of a gauge theoretical formulation, higher dimensional gravity invariant under the AdS group is dimensionally reduced to Euler-Chern-Simons gravity. The dimensional reduction procedure of Grignani-Nardelli [Phys. Lett. B 300, 38 (1993)] is generalized so as to permit reducing D-dimensional Lanczos Lovelock gravity to d=D-1 dimensions.
SIMON: A Decade of Physiological Data Research and Development in Trauma Intensive Care
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Patrick R. Norris
2010-01-01
Full Text Available SIMON (Signal Interpretation and MONitoring continuously collects and processes bedside medical device data. As of December 2009, SIMON has monitored over 7,630 trauma intensive care unit (TICU patients, representing approximately 731,000 hours of continuous monitoring, and is currently operational on all TICU beds at Vanderbilt University Medical Center. Parameters captured include heart rate, blood pressures, oxygen saturations, cardiac function variables, intracranial and cerebral perfusion pressures, and EKG waveforms. This repository supports research to identify “new vital signs” based on features of patient physiology observable through dense data capture and analysis, with the goal of improving predictions of patient status. SIMON's alerting and reporting capabilities include web display, sentinel event notification, and daily summary reports of traditional and new vital sign statistics. This allows discoveries to be rapidly tested and implemented in a working clinical environment. The work details SIMON's technology and corresponding design requirements to realize the value of dense physiologic data in critical care.
On the quantization of the coefficient of the abelian Chern-Simons term
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Polychronakos, A.P.
1990-01-01
We point out that the coefficient of the abelian Chern-Simons term need not be quantized, even in the case of compact U(1) group. Instead, the quantum theory is qualitatively different for integer or rotational values of that coefficient. (orig.)
Quaternion based generalization of Chern–Simons theories in arbitrary dimensions
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Alessandro D'Adda
2017-08-01
Full Text Available A generalization of Chern–Simons gauge theory is formulated in any dimension and arbitrary gauge group where gauge fields and gauge parameters are differential forms of any degree. The quaternion algebra structure of this formulation is shown to be equivalent to a three Z2-gradings structure, thus clarifying the quaternion role in the previous formulation.
Mario Luzi E L'arte: Da Simone Ai Contemporanei | Pozzi | Italian ...
African Journals Online (AJOL)
This contribution deals with Luzi's career as a connoisseur and critic of figurative arts: starting from Luzi's precocious piece of criticism on Raffaello, the author investigates other works by the Italian writer dealing with art history, theatre and poetry. The works of great artists like Simone Martini, Jacopo Carracci (alias ...
The Chern-Simons Current in Systems of DNA-RNA Transcriptions
Capozziello, Salvatore; Pincak, Richard; Kanjamapornkul, Kabin; Saridakis, Emmanuel N.
2018-04-01
A Chern-Simons current, coming from ghost and anti-ghost fields of supersymmetry theory, can be used to define a spectrum of gene expression in new time series data where a spinor field, as alternative representation of a gene, is adopted instead of using the standard alphabet sequence of bases $A, T, C, G, U$. After a general discussion on the use of supersymmetry in biological systems, we give examples of the use of supersymmetry for living organism, discuss the codon and anti-codon ghost fields and develop an algebraic construction for the trash DNA, the DNA area which does not seem active in biological systems. As a general result, all hidden states of codon can be computed by Chern-Simons 3 forms. Finally, we plot a time series of genetic variations of viral glycoprotein gene and host T-cell receptor gene by using a gene tensor correlation network related to the Chern-Simons current. An empirical analysis of genetic shift, in host cell receptor genes with separated cluster of gene and genetic drift in viral gene, is obtained by using a tensor correlation plot over time series data derived as the empirical mode decomposition of Chern-Simons current.
Statistical inference for extended or shortened phase II studies based on Simon's two-stage designs.
Zhao, Junjun; Yu, Menggang; Feng, Xi-Ping
2015-06-07
Simon's two-stage designs are popular choices for conducting phase II clinical trials, especially in the oncology trials to reduce the number of patients placed on ineffective experimental therapies. Recently Koyama and Chen (2008) discussed how to conduct proper inference for such studies because they found that inference procedures used with Simon's designs almost always ignore the actual sampling plan used. In particular, they proposed an inference method for studies when the actual second stage sample sizes differ from planned ones. We consider an alternative inference method based on likelihood ratio. In particular, we order permissible sample paths under Simon's two-stage designs using their corresponding conditional likelihood. In this way, we can calculate p-values using the common definition: the probability of obtaining a test statistic value at least as extreme as that observed under the null hypothesis. In addition to providing inference for a couple of scenarios where Koyama and Chen's method can be difficult to apply, the resulting estimate based on our method appears to have certain advantage in terms of inference properties in many numerical simulations. It generally led to smaller biases and narrower confidence intervals while maintaining similar coverages. We also illustrated the two methods in a real data setting. Inference procedures used with Simon's designs almost always ignore the actual sampling plan. Reported P-values, point estimates and confidence intervals for the response rate are not usually adjusted for the design's adaptiveness. Proper statistical inference procedures should be used.
The Semantic Simon Effect in Tourette's Syndrome and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Rankins, D.; Bradshaw, J. L.; Georgiou-Karistianis, N.
2006-01-01
Core symptoms of Tourette's syndrome (TS) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) may be attributed to an impairment in inhibitory control. Neuropsychological studies have addressed inhibition in both disorders, but findings have been inconsistent. The aim of this study was to examine cognitive inhibition, using a semantic Simon effect paradigm,…
Non-minimal Maxwell-Chern-Simons theory and the composite Fermion model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Paschoal, Ricardo C.; Helayel Neto, Jose A.
2003-01-01
The magnetic field redefinition in Jain's composite fermion model for the fractional quantum Hall effect is shown to be effective described by a mean-field approximation of a model containing a Maxwell-Chern-Simons gauge field nominally coupled to matter. Also an explicit non-relativistic limit of the non-minimal (2+1) D Dirac's equation is derived. (author)
Sté výročí narození Simone de Beauvoir
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Uhde, Zuzana
2008-01-01
Roč. 44, č. 4 (2008), s. 797-799 ISSN 0038-0288 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR 1QS700280503 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70280505 Keywords : Simone de Beauvoir * Feminism Subject RIV: AO - Sociology, Demography Impact factor: 0.427, year: 2008
The extrinsic affective Simon task as an instrument for indirect assessment of prejudice
Degner, J.; Wentura, D.
2008-01-01
We report one study that explored the applicability of the Extrinsic Affective Simon Task (EAST) as an indirect measure of prejudice. The EAST detected known differences in reactions revealing that a Turkish outgroup was spontaneously evaluated more negatively than the German ingroup. More
N=1,2 supergravities in 2+1 dimensions as Chern-Simons theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Li Miao.
1988-12-01
In this letter we report the results on the explanation of the Lagrangians of 2+1 supergravities as graded Chern-Simons terms, which are derived from inspiration of Witten's recent work on exact solvability of 2+1 Einstein gravity. Further implications will be considered elsewhere. (author). 8 refs
Chern-Simons gauge theory on orbifolds: Open strings from three dimensions
Hořava, Petr
1996-12-01
Chern-Simons gauge theory is formulated on three-dimensional Z2 orbifolds. The locus of singular points on a given orbifold is equivalent to a link of Wilson lines. This allows one to reduce any correlation function on orbifolds to a sum of more complicated correlation functions in the simpler theory on manifolds. Chern-Simons theory on manifolds is known to be related to two-dimensional (2D) conformal field theory (CFT) on closed-string surfaces; here it is shown that the theory on orbifolds is related to 2D CFT of unoriented closed- and open-string models, i.e. to worldsheet orbifold models. In particular, the boundary components of the worldsheet correspond to the components of the singular locus in the 3D orbifold. This correspondence leads to a simple identification of the open-string spectra, including their Chan-Paton degeneration, in terms of fusing Wilson lines in the corresponding Chern-Simons theory. The correspondence is studied in detail, and some exactly solvable examples are presented. Some of these examples indicate that it is natural to think of the orbifold group Z2 as a part of the gauge group of the Chern-Simons theory, thus generalizing the standard definition of gauge theories.
Social priming improves cognitive control in elderly adults--evidence from the Simon task.
Aisenberg, Daniela; Cohen, Noga; Pick, Hadas; Tressman, Iris; Rappaport, Michal; Shenberg, Tal; Henik, Avishai
2015-01-01
We examined whether social priming of cognitive states affects the inhibitory process in elderly adults, as aging is related to deficits in inhibitory control. Forty-eight elderly adults and 45 young adults were assigned to three groups and performed a cognitive control task (Simon task), which was followed by 3 different manipulations of social priming (i.e., thinking about an 82 year-old person): 1) negative--characterized by poor cognitive abilities, 2) neutral--characterized by acts irrelevant to cognitive abilities, and 3) positive--excellent cognitive abilities. After the manipulation, the Simon task was performed again. Results showed improvement in cognitive control effects in seniors after the positive manipulation, indicated by a significant decrease in the magnitude of the Simon and interference effects, but not after the neutral and negative manipulations. Furthermore, a healthy pattern of sequential effect (Gratton) that was absent before the manipulation in all 3 groups appeared after the positive manipulation. Namely, the Simon effect was only present after congruent but not after incongruent trials for the positive manipulation group. No influence of manipulations was found in young adults. These meaningful results were replicated in a second experiment and suggest a decrease in conflict interference resulting from positive cognitive state priming. Our study provides evidence that an implicit social concept of a positive cognitive condition in old age can affect the control process of the elderly and improve cognitive abilities.
Soliton condensation in some self-dual Chern-Simons theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Olesen, P.
1991-05-01
We show that the gauged non-linear Schroedinger equation has a closely packed soliton-condensate as a solution. We also show that the abelian Chern-Simons Higgs theory has a vortex condensate as an approximate solution whent he vortex cells are very small. (orig.)
The Simon effect towards memorized locations: EEG support for the involvement of attention
van der Lubbe, Robert Henricus Johannes
2013-01-01
About a decade ago it was shown that the Simon effect, the tendency to react towards the side of a stimulus when its location is irrelevant, also occurs when stimuli have to be retrieved from memory. Recently, it was proposed that spatial attention may be responsible for this effect as it might
Using Simon Wiesenthal's "The Sunflower" to Teach the Study of Genocide and the Holocaust
Ducey, Kimberley A.
2009-01-01
The author discusses a project called ""The Sunflower" Symposium," named in honor of Simon Wiesenthal's "The Sunflower" (1998). The project was a catalyst for discussions on legalized discrimination, the infringement of civil rights, (in)justice, (in)tolerance, and civic responsibility, influencing students to connect the Holocaust to other world…
Non-existence of natural states for Abelian Chern-Simons theory
Dappiaggi, Claudio; Murro, Simone; Schenkel, Alexander
2017-06-01
We give an elementary proof that Abelian Chern-Simons theory, described as a functor from oriented surfaces to C∗-algebras, does not admit a natural state. Non-existence of natural states is thus not only a phenomenon of quantum field theories on Lorentzian manifolds, but also of topological quantum field theories formulated in the algebraic approach.
The Origin of Chern-Simons Modified Gravity from an 11 + 3-Dimensional Manifold
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
J. A. Helayël-Neto
2017-01-01
Full Text Available It is our aim to show that the Chern-Simons terms of modified gravity can be understood as generated by the addition of a 3-dimensional algebraic manifold to an initial 11-dimensional space-time manifold; this builds up an 11+3-dimensional space-time. In this system, firstly, some fields living in the bulk join the fields that live on the 11-dimensional manifold, so that the rank of the gauge fields exceeds the dimension of the algebra; consequently, there emerges an anomaly. To solve this problem, another 11-dimensional manifold is included in the 11+3-dimensional space-time, and it interacts with the initial manifold by exchanging Chern-Simon fields. This mechanism is able to remove the anomaly. Chern-Simons terms actually produce an extra manifold in the pair of 11-dimensional manifolds of the 11+3-space-time. Summing up the topology of both the 11-dimensional manifolds and the topology of the exchanged Chern-Simons manifold in the bulk, we conclude that the total topology shrinks to one, which is in agreement with the main idea of the Big Bang theory.
Proximity, social capital and the Simon-model of stochastic growth
Frenken, K.; Reggiani, A.; Nijkamp, P.
2009-01-01
It is customary to define economic geography as a discipline that deals with the uneven distribution of economic activity across space. From a historical perspective, stochastic growth models are of particular use (Simon 1955). Such models explain the current distribution of activities from the
Simon van der Stel en Constantia sal in my gedagtes bly. Die ...
African Journals Online (AJOL)
Simon van der Stel en Constantia sal in my gedagtes bly. Die byfigure sal nie vervaag nie en bo dit alles is, vir almal wat in die boeien- de verhaal 'n rol speel, die vraag aangaande die lotsbestemming van die mens gestel, 'n vraag waarop die skrywer Monica Dacosta laat antwoord: "Dutchmen never speak about destiny" [ ...
Chern-Simons forms and four-dimensional N=1 superspace geometry
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Girardi, G.; Grimm, R.
1986-12-01
The complete superspace geometry for Yang-Mills, chiral U(1) and Lorentz Chern-Simons forms is constructed. The analysis is completely off-shell and covers the cases of minimal, new minimal and 16-16 supergravity. Supersymmetry is guaranteed by construction. Invariant superfield actions are proposed
Look@NanoSIMS--a tool for the analysis of nanoSIMS data in environmental microbiology.
Polerecky, Lubos; Adam, Birgit; Milucka, Jana; Musat, Niculina; Vagner, Tomas; Kuypers, Marcel M M
2012-04-01
We describe an open-source freeware programme for high throughput analysis of nanoSIMS (nanometre-scale secondary ion mass spectrometry) data. The programme implements basic data processing and analytical functions, including display and drift-corrected accumulation of scanned planes, interactive and semi-automated definition of regions of interest (ROIs), and export of the ROIs' elemental and isotopic composition in graphical and text-based formats. Additionally, the programme offers new functions that were custom-designed to address the needs of environmental microbiologists. Specifically, it allows manual and automated classification of ROIs based on the information that is derived either from the nanoSIMS dataset itself (e.g. from labelling achieved by halogen in situ hybridization) or is provided externally (e.g. as a fluorescence in situ hybridization image). Moreover, by implementing post-processing routines coupled to built-in statistical tools, the programme allows rapid synthesis and comparative analysis of results from many different datasets. After validation of the programme, we illustrate how these new processing and analytical functions increase flexibility, efficiency and depth of the nanoSIMS data analysis. Through its custom-made and open-source design, the programme provides an efficient, reliable and easily expandable tool that can help a growing community of environmental microbiologists and researchers from other disciplines process and analyse their nanoSIMS data. © 2012 Society for Applied Microbiology and Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Entropy for gravitational Chern-Simons terms by squashed cone method
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Guo, Wu-Zhong; Miao, Rong-Xin
2016-01-01
In this paper we investigate the entropy of gravitational Chern-Simons terms for the horizon with non-vanishing extrinsic curvatures, or the holographic entanglement entropy for arbitrary entangling surface. In 3D there is no anomaly of entropy. But the original squashed cone method can not be used directly to get the correct result. For higher dimensions the anomaly of entropy would appear, still, we can not use the squashed cone method directly. That is becasuse the Chern-Simons action is not gauge invariant. To get a reasonable result we suggest two methods. One is by adding a boundary term to recover the gauge invariance. This boundary term can be derived from the variation of the Chern-Simons action. The other one is by using the Chern-Simons relation dΩ_4_n_−_1=tr(R"2"n). We notice that the entropy of tr(R"2"n) is a total derivative locally, i.e. S=ds_C_S. We propose to identify s_C_S with the entropy of gravitational Chern-Simons terms Ω_4_n_−_1. In the first method we could get the correct result for Wald entropy in arbitrary dimension. In the second approach, in addition to Wald entropy, we can also obtain the anomaly of entropy with non-zero extrinsic curvatures. Our results imply that the entropy of a topological invariant, such as the Pontryagin term tr(R"2"n) and the Euler density, is a topological invariant on the entangling surface.
A stringy origin of M2 brane Chern-Simons theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Aganagic, Mina
2010-01-01
We show that string duality relates M-theory on a local Calabi-Yau fourfold singularity X 4 to type IIA string theory on a Calabi-Yau threefold X 3 fibered over a real line, with RR 2-form fluxes turned on. The RR flux encodes how the M-theory circle is fibered over the IIA geometry. The theories on N D2 branes probing X 3 are the well-known quiver theories with N=2 supersymmetry in three dimensions. We show that turning on fluxes, and fibering the X 3 over a direction transverse to the branes, corresponds to turning on N=2 Chern-Simons couplings. String duality implies that, in the strong coupling limit, the N D2 branes on X 3 in this background become N M2 branes on X 4 . This provides a string theory derivation for the recently conjectured description of the M2 brane theories on Calabi-Yau fourfolds in terms of N=2 quiver Chern-Simons theories. We also provide a new N=2 Chern-Simons theory dual to AdS 4 xQ 1,1,1 . Type IIA/M-theory duality also relates IIA string theory on X 3 with only the RR fluxes turned on, to M-theory on a G 2 holonomy manifold. We show that this implies that the N M2 branes probing the G 2 manifold are described by the quiver Chern-Simons theory originating from the D2 branes probing X 3 , except that now Chern-Simons terms preserve only N=1 supersymmetry in three dimensions.
Identification of nitrates and sulphates with dynamic SIMS
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Fichtner, M.; Goschnick, J.; Ache, H.J.
1994-01-01
Sputter conditions are outlined for the identification of chemically sensitive salt compounds, such as nitrates or sulphates, in multicomponent samples of environmental origin using dynamic SIMS for depth-profiling with nanoscale resolution. Sputtering with 1 keV Xe + has been found to be appropriate to enable both the emission of decisive molecular ions with enough intensity as well as substantial erosion for depth-profiling. The use of heavy projectiles reduces the destruction of chemical compounds in the surface of the solid and enhances sensitivity and identification power of SIMS. The method was applied to the analysis of urban outdoor aerosol particles to investigate the conversion of NaCl into Na 2 SO 4 or NaNO 3 by the interaction of sea salt aerosol with the atmospheric pollutants NO x and SO x . Only NaNO 3 was found in the sea salt fraction. (orig.)
NanoSIMS analysis of Archean fossils and biomarkers
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kilburn, M.R.; Wacey, D.
2008-01-01
The study of fossils and biomarkers from Archean rocks is of vital importance to reveal how life arose on Earth and what we might expect to find on other planets such as Mars. The Cameca NanoSIMS 50 has the unique ability to measure stable isotopes and map biologically relevant elements at the micron-scale, in situ. This makes it the perfect tool for testing the biogenicity of a range of putative biomarkers from early Archean rocks (∼3.50 billion-year-old). NanoSIMS has been used to investigate ambient inclusion trails (AITs) in a 3.43 Ga beach sand deposit from the Pilbara craton, Western Australia. Chemical maps of the light elements necessary for life (C, N and O) and several transition metals commonly associated with biological processing (Ni, Zn and Fe), coupled with 13 C/ 12 C isotope ratios from carbonaceous linings, strongly suggest a biological component in the formation of AITs
SIMS studies of oxide growth on beta-NiAl
Mitchell, D. F.; Prescott, R.; Graham, M. J.; Doychak, J.
1992-01-01
This paper reports on a study of the growth of aluminum oxide on beta-NiAl at temperatures up to 1200 C. The scales have been formed in two-stage experiments using O2-16 and O2-18 gases, and the various isotopic species have been located by direct imaging using SIMS. Supplementary information on oxide morphologies and structures has been obtained by SEM. SIMS images and depth profiles indicate where oxidation has taken place predominantly by cation or anion diffusion at different stages of the growth process. The way in which the presence of small amounts of reactive elements can affect scale growth is also considered. These results help to provide an improved understanding of the mechanism of alumina scale formation, which is of benefit in the development of oxidation-resistant alloys and intermetallics for service at high temperatures.
A GoldSim Model for Colloid Facilitated Nuclide Transport
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lee, Youn Myoung; Jeong, Jong Tae
2010-01-01
Recently several total system performance assessment (TSPA) programs, called 'template' programs, ready for the safety assessment of radioactive waste repository systems which are conceptually modeled have been developed by utilizing GoldSim and AMBER at KAERI. It is generally believed that chelating agents (chelators) that could be disposed of together with radioactive wastes in the repository and natural colloids available in the geological media affect on nuclides by enhancing their transport in the geological media. A simple GoldSim module to evaluate such quantitative effects, by which colloid and chelator-facilitated nuclide release cases could be modeled and evaluated is introduced. Effects of the chelators alone are illustrated with the case associated with well pumping scenario in a hypothetical repository system
A Methodology to Assess UrbanSim Scenarios
2012-09-01
reconfigurable modules of video , game-based scenarios, digital tutors, and assessments tailored to learners. They incorporate the use of social...deeper levels for student decisions, it becomes increasingly more problematic to verify the desired underlying pedagogy is present (Wang et al...training impact of the training videos associated with the UrbanSim training package. The research team found that students that watched and implemented
Quantitative SIMS Imaging of Agar-Based Microbial Communities.
Dunham, Sage J B; Ellis, Joseph F; Baig, Nameera F; Morales-Soto, Nydia; Cao, Tianyuan; Shrout, Joshua D; Bohn, Paul W; Sweedler, Jonathan V
2018-05-01
After several decades of widespread use for mapping elemental ions and small molecular fragments in surface science, secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) has emerged as a powerful analytical tool for molecular imaging in biology. Biomolecular SIMS imaging has primarily been used as a qualitative technique; although the distribution of a single analyte can be accurately determined, it is difficult to map the absolute quantity of a compound or even to compare the relative abundance of one molecular species to that of another. We describe a method for quantitative SIMS imaging of small molecules in agar-based microbial communities. The microbes are cultivated on a thin film of agar, dried under nitrogen, and imaged directly with SIMS. By use of optical microscopy, we show that the area of the agar is reduced by 26 ± 2% (standard deviation) during dehydration, but the overall biofilm morphology and analyte distribution are largely retained. We detail a quantitative imaging methodology, in which the ion intensity of each analyte is (1) normalized to an external quadratic regression curve, (2) corrected for isomeric interference, and (3) filtered for sample-specific noise and lower and upper limits of quantitation. The end result is a two-dimensional surface density image for each analyte. The sample preparation and quantitation methods are validated by quantitatively imaging four alkyl-quinolone and alkyl-quinoline N-oxide signaling molecules (including Pseudomonas quinolone signal) in Pseudomonas aeruginosa colony biofilms. We show that the relative surface densities of the target biomolecules are substantially different from values inferred through direct intensity comparison and that the developed methodologies can be used to quantitatively compare as many ions as there are available standards.
Improving SysSim's Planetary Occurrence Rate Estimates
Ashby, Keir; Ragozzine, Darin; Hsu, Danley; Ford, Eric B.
2017-10-01
Kepler's catalog of thousands of transiting planet candidates enables statistical characterization of the underlying planet occurrence rates as a function of period and radius. Due to geometric factors and general noise in measurements, we know that many planets--especially those with a small-radius and/or long-period--were not observed by Kepler.To account for Kepler's detection criteria, Hsu et al. 2017 expanded on work in Lissuaer et al. 2011 to develop the Planetary System Simulator or "SysSim". SysSim uses a forward model to generate simulated catalogs of exoplanet systems, determine which of those simulated planets would have been seen by Kepler in the presence of uncertainties, and then compares those “observed planets” to those actually seen by Kepler. It then uses Approximate Bayesian Computation to infer the posterior probability distributions of the input parameters used to generate the forward model. In Hsu et al. 2017, we focused on matching the observed frequency of planets by solving for the underlying occurrence rate for each bin in a 2-dimensional grid of radius and period. After summarizing the results of Hsu et al. 2017, we show new results that investigate the effect on occurrence rates from including more accurate completeness products (from the Kepler DR25 analysis) into SysSim.
Investigations of corrosion phenomena on gold coins with SIMS
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Mayerhofer, K.E.; Piplits, K.; Traum, R.; Griesser, M.; Hutter, H.
2005-01-01
In order to establish a new handling procedure for contaminated coins, the Coin Cabinet and the Conservation Science Department of the Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna, initiated a research project on corrosion effects of gold coins. By now, investigations on historic and contemporary coins included optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Auger electron microscopy (AES), X-ray photoelectron microscopy (XPS), and electrochemical methods showing the distribution of pollutants. This work focuses on secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) investigations merely showing the distribution of electronegative elements, such as sulfur, oxygen, and chlorine on the surface. Sulfur is highly suspected of causing the observed corrosion phenomena, and is indeed enriched near polluting splints. Since SIMS is a destructive method, the investigated samples are test coins with intentionally added impurities. These coins were manufactured in cooperation with the Austrian Mint. They were treated with potassium polysulfide (K 2 S x ) for 8 h gaining a rapid corrosion of the surface. SIMS mass spectra, depth profiles, and images were done (a) at non-polluted areas (b) near polluted areas with slight coloring, and (c) directly at polluting stains showing enrichments of sulfur and chlorine. Due to the success of these investigations further studies on historic coins are intended
SIMS analysis: Development and evaluation 1995 summary report
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Groenewold, G.S.; Appelhans, A.D.; Ingram, J.C.; Delmore, J.E.; Dahl, D.A.
1995-10-01
Secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) was evaluated for characterizing Hg salts. It was found that sulfate and chloride species could be identified directly without sample preparation. Mercuric oxide could be identified by complexation with formic acid. Hg nitrates could be identified by complexation with cyclohexylamine (CHA). Laser desorption ion trap MS was evaluated for characterizing EDTA on environmental samples. No intact EDTA ions were observed, but a series of EDTA fragment ions were visible, particularly on basalt and soil. An ion trap SIMS was developed: a perrhenate ion gun was interfaced to a Teledyne ion trap spectrometer, and the entire device was mounted on a cart. The technology was demonstrated using a prototype ion trap SIMS instrument for detecting Hg·CHA complexes formed from nitrate salts. Intensity of the ion gun was improved, and the surface damage of the particle was small, and ion gun technology transfer to Phi-Evans, Inc. is being considered. Two technology end users are at INEL's Central Facilities Area 674 pond and acid pit of the Radioactive Waste Management Complex; target problem at both sites is the need for Hg speciation on soil samples
SimPhospho: a software tool enabling confident phosphosite assignment.
Suni, Veronika; Suomi, Tomi; Tsubosaka, Tomoya; Imanishi, Susumu Y; Elo, Laura L; Corthals, Garry L
2018-03-27
Mass spectrometry combined with enrichment strategies for phosphorylated peptides has been successfully employed for two decades to identify sites of phosphorylation. However, unambiguous phosphosite assignment is considered challenging. Given that site-specific phosphorylation events function as different molecular switches, validation of phosphorylation sites is of utmost importance. In our earlier study we developed a method based on simulated phosphopeptide spectral libraries, which enables highly sensitive and accurate phosphosite assignments. To promote more widespread use of this method, we here introduce a software implementation with improved usability and performance. We present SimPhospho, a fast and user-friendly tool for accurate simulation of phosphopeptide tandem mass spectra. Simulated phosphopeptide spectral libraries are used to validate and supplement database search results, with a goal to improve reliable phosphoproteome identification and reporting. The presented program can be easily used together with the Trans-Proteomic Pipeline and integrated in a phosphoproteomics data analysis workflow. SimPhospho is available for Windows, Linux and Mac operating systems at https://sourceforge.net/projects/simphospho/. It is open source and implemented in C ++. A user's manual with detailed description of data analysis using SimPhospho as well as test data can be found as supplementary material of this article. Supplementary data are available at https://www.btk.fi/research/ computational-biomedicine/software/.
CalSimHydro Tool - A Web-based interactive tool for the CalSim 3.0 Hydrology Prepropessor
Li, P.; Stough, T.; Vu, Q.; Granger, S. L.; Jones, D. J.; Ferreira, I.; Chen, Z.
2011-12-01
CalSimHydro, the CalSim 3.0 Hydrology Preprocessor, is an application designed to automate the various steps in the computation of hydrologic inputs for CalSim 3.0, a water resources planning model developed jointly by California State Department of Water Resources and United States Bureau of Reclamation, Mid-Pacific Region. CalSimHydro consists of a five-step FORTRAN based program that runs the individual models in succession passing information from one model to the next and aggregating data as required by each model. The final product of CalSimHydro is an updated CalSim 3.0 state variable (SV) DSS input file. CalSimHydro consists of (1) a Rainfall-Runoff Model to compute monthly infiltration, (2) a Soil moisture and demand calculator (IDC) that estimates surface runoff, deep percolation, and water demands for natural vegetation cover and various crops other than rice, (3) a Rice Water Use Model to compute the water demands, deep percolation, irrigation return flow, and runoff from precipitation for the rice fields, (4) a Refuge Water Use Model that simulates the ponding operations for managed wetlands, and (5) a Data Aggregation and Transfer Module to aggregate the outputs from the above modules and transfer them to the CalSim SV input file. In this presentation, we describe a web-based user interface for CalSimHydro using Google Earth Plug-In. The CalSimHydro tool allows users to - interact with geo-referenced layers of the Water Budget Areas (WBA) and Demand Units (DU) displayed over the Sacramento Valley, - view the input parameters of the hydrology preprocessor for a selected WBA or DU in a time series plot or a tabular form, - edit the values of the input parameters in the table or by downloading a spreadsheet of the selected parameter in a selected time range, - run the CalSimHydro modules in the backend server and notify the user when the job is done, - visualize the model output and compare it with a base run result, - download the output SV file to be
Jones, Simon
2005-01-01
Pärnus telekommunikatsiooni- ja infofoorumil viibiv innovatsiooniekspert vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad tema hinnangut Eesti teadus- ja arendustegevusele, tehnoloogia kasutamist sotsiaalprobleemide lahendamisel ning Eesti varustamist tasuta internetiühendusega. Lisa: Simon Jones
Alternative Liquid Fuels Simulation Model (AltSim).
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Williams, Ryan; Baker, Arnold Barry; Drennen, Thomas E.
2009-12-01
The Alternative Liquid Fuels Simulation Model (AltSim) is a high-level dynamic simulation model which calculates and compares the production and end use costs, greenhouse gas emissions, and energy balances of several alternative liquid transportation fuels. These fuels include: corn ethanol, cellulosic ethanol from various feedstocks (switchgrass, corn stover, forest residue, and farmed trees), biodiesel, and diesels derived from natural gas (gas to liquid, or GTL), coal (coal to liquid, or CTL), and coal with biomass (CBTL). AltSim allows for comprehensive sensitivity analyses on capital costs, operation and maintenance costs, renewable and fossil fuel feedstock costs, feedstock conversion ratio, financial assumptions, tax credits, CO{sub 2} taxes, and plant capacity factor. This paper summarizes the structure and methodology of AltSim, presents results, and provides a detailed sensitivity analysis. The Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007 sets a goal for the increased use of biofuels in the U.S., ultimately reaching 36 billion gallons by 2022. AltSim's base case assumes EPA projected feedstock costs in 2022 (EPA, 2009). For the base case assumptions, AltSim estimates per gallon production costs for the five ethanol feedstocks (corn, switchgrass, corn stover, forest residue, and farmed trees) of $1.86, $2.32, $2.45, $1.52, and $1.91, respectively. The projected production cost of biodiesel is $1.81/gallon. The estimates for CTL without biomass range from $1.36 to $2.22. With biomass, the estimated costs increase, ranging from $2.19 per gallon for the CTL option with 8% biomass to $2.79 per gallon for the CTL option with 30% biomass and carbon capture and sequestration. AltSim compares the greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) associated with both the production and consumption of the various fuels. EISA allows fuels emitting 20% less greenhouse gases (GHG) than conventional gasoline and diesels to qualify as renewable fuels. This allows several of the
Chern–Simons dilaton black holes in 2 + 1 dimensions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Moussa, Karim Ait; Clément, Gérard; Guennoune, Hakim
2016-01-01
We construct rotating magnetic solutions to the three-dimensional Einstein–Maxwell–Chern–Simons-dilaton theory with a Liouville potential. These include a class of black hole solutions which generalize the warped AdS black holes. The regular black holes belong to two disjointed sectors. The first sector includes black holes which have a positive mass and are co-rotating, while the black holes of the second sector have a negative mass and are counter-rotating. We also show that a particular, non-black hole, subfamily of our three-dimensional solutions may be uplifted to new regular non-asymptotically flat solutions of five-dimensional Einstein–Maxwell–Chern–Simons theory. (paper)
Nuclear dawn F. E. Simon and the race for atomic weapons in World War II
McRae, Kenneth D
2014-01-01
This book provides a rounded biography of Franz (later Sir Francis) Simon, his early life in Germany, his move to Oxford in 1933, and his experimental contributions to low temperature physics approximating absolute zero. After 1939 he switched his research to nuclear physics, and is credited with solving the problem of uranium isotope separation by gaseous diffusion for the British nuclear programme Tube Alloys. The volume is distinctive for its inclusion of source materials not available to previous researchers, such as Simon's diary and his correspondence with his wife, and for a fresh, well-informed insider voice on the five-power nuclear rivalry of the war years. The work also draws on a relatively mature nuclear literature to attempt a comparison and evaluation of the five nuclear rivals in wider political and military context, and to identify the factors, or groups of factors, that can explain the results.
Abelian Chern endash Simons theory. I. A topological quantum field theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Manoliu, M.
1998-01-01
We give a construction of the Abelian Chern endash Simons gauge theory from the point of view of a 2+1-dimensional topological quantum field theory. The definition of the quantum theory relies on geometric quantization ideas that have been previously explored in connection to the non-Abelian Chern endash Simons theory [J. Diff. Geom. 33, 787 endash 902 (1991); Topology 32, 509 endash 529 (1993)]. We formulate the topological quantum field theory in terms of the category of extended 2- and 3-manifolds introduced in a preprint by Walker in 1991 and prove that it satisfies the axioms of unitary topological quantum field theories formulated by Atiyah [Publ. Math. Inst. Hautes Etudes Sci. Pans 68, 175 endash 186 (1989)]. copyright 1998 American Institute of Physics
Dimensional reduction of a Lorentz and CPT-violating Maxwell-Chern-Simons model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Belich, H. Jr.; Helayel Neto, J.A. [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas (CBPF), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Coordenacao de Teoria de Campos e Particulas; Grupo de Fisica Teorica Jose Leite Lopes, Petropolis, RJ (Brazil); E-mails: belich@cbpf.br; helayel@cbpf.br; Ferreira, M.M. Jr. [Grupo de Fisica Teorica Jose Leite Lopes, Petropolis, RJ (Brazil); Maranhao Univ., Sao Luiz, MA (Brazil). Dept. de Fisica]. E-mail: manojr@cbpf.br; Orlando, M.T.D. [Grupo de Fisica Teorica Jose Leite Lopes, Petropolis, RJ (Brazil); Espirito Santo Univ., Vitoria, ES (Brazil). Dept. de Fisica e Quimica; E-mail: orlando@cce.ufes.br
2003-01-01
Taking as starting point a Lorentz and CPT non-invariant Chern-Simons-like model defined in 1+3 dimensions, we proceed realizing its dimensional to D = 1+2. One then obtains a new planar model, composed by the Maxwell-Chern-Simons (MCS) sector, a Klein-Gordon massless scalar field, and a coupling term that mixes the gauge field to the external vector, {nu}{sup {mu}}. In spite of breaking Lorentz invariance in the particle frame, this model may preserve the CPT symmetry for a single particular choice of {nu}{sup {mu}} . Analyzing the dispersion relations, one verifies that the reduced model exhibits stability, but the causality can be jeopardized by some modes. The unitary of the gauge sector is assured without any restriction , while the scalar sector is unitary only in the space-like case. (author)
Simon van der Meer and his legacy to CERN and particle accelerators
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Chohan, Vinod
2012-01-01
Simon van der Meer was a brilliant scientist and a true giant in the field of accelerators. His seminal contributions to accelerator science are essential to this day in our quest to satisfy the demands of modern particle physics. Whether we are talking of long-baseline neutrino physics or antiproton-proton physics at CERN and Fermilab, or proton-proton physics at the LHC, his techniques and inventions have been a vital and necessary part of modern-day successes. Simon van der Meer and Carlo Rubbia were the first CERN scientists to become Nobel laureates in Physics in 1984. His less well-known contributions spanned a whole range of subjects in accelerator science from magnet design to power supply design, beam measurements, slow beam extraction, sophisticated programs, and controls. (author)
Null geodesics and shadow of a rotating black hole in extended Chern-Simons modified gravity
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Amarilla, Leonardo; Eiroa, Ernesto F.; Giribet, Gaston
2010-01-01
The Chern-Simons modification to general relativity in four dimensions consists of adding to the Einstein-Hilbert term a scalar field that couples to the first-class Pontryagin density. In this theory, which has attracted considerable attention recently, the Schwarzschild metric persists as an exact solution, and this is why this model resists several observational constraints. In contrast, the spinning black hole solution of the theory is not given by the Kerr metric but by a modification of it, so far only known for slow rotation and small coupling constant. In the present paper, we show that, in this approximation, the null geodesic equation can be integrated, and this allows us to investigate the shadow cast by a black hole. We discuss how, in addition to the angular momentum of the solution, the coupling to the Chern-Simons term deforms the shape of the shadow.
Confinement in Maxwell-Chern-Simons planar quantum electrodynamics and the 1/N approximation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hofmann, Christoph P.; Raya, Alfredo; Madrigal, Saul Sanchez
2010-01-01
We study the analytical structure of the fermion propagator in planar quantum electrodynamics coupled to a Chern-Simons term within a four-component spinor formalism. The dynamical generation of parity-preserving and parity-violating fermion mass terms is considered, through the solution of the corresponding Schwinger-Dyson equation for the fermion propagator at leading order of the 1/N approximation in Landau gauge. The theory undergoes a first-order phase transition toward chiral symmetry restoration when the Chern-Simons coefficient θ reaches a critical value which depends upon the number of fermion families considered. Parity-violating masses, however, are generated for arbitrarily large values of the said coefficient. On the confinement scenario, complete charge screening - characteristic of the 1/N approximation - is observed in the entire (N,θ)-plane through the local and global properties of the vector part of the fermion propagator.
Scattering amplitude and bosonization duality in general Chern-Simons vector models
Yokoyama, Shuichi
2016-09-01
We present the exact large N calculus of four point functions in general Chern-Simons bosonic and fermionic vector models. Applying the LSZ formula to the four point function we determine the two body scattering amplitudes in these theories taking a special care for a non-analytic term to achieve unitarity in the singlet channel. We show that the S-matrix enjoys the bosonization duality, an unusual crossing relation and a non-relativistic reduction to Aharonov-Bohm scattering. We also argue that the S-matrix develops a pole in a certain range of coupling constants, which disappears in the range where the theory reduces to the Chern-Simons theory interacting with free fermions.
Physically meaningful and not so meaningful symmetries in Chern-Simons theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Giavarini, G.
1993-01-01
We explicitly show that the Landau gauge supersymmetry of Chern-Simons theory does not have any physical significance. In fact, the difference between an effective action both BRS invariant and Landau supersymmetric and an effective action only BRS invariant is a finite field redefinition. Having established this, we use a BRS invariant regulator that defines CS theory as the large mass limit of topologically massive Yang-Mills theory to discuss the shift k → k + c v of the bare Chern-Simons parameter k in connection with the Landau supersymmetry. Finally, to convince ourselves that the shift above is not an accident of our regularization method, we comment on the fact that all BRS invariant regulators used as yet yield the same value for the shift. (orig.)
Kaehler-Chern-Simons theory and symmetries of anti-self-dual gauge fields
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Nair, V.P.; Schiff, J.
1992-01-01
Kaehler-Chern-Simons theory, which was proposed as a generalization of ordinary Chern-Simons theory, is explored in more detail. The theory describes anti-self-dual instantons on a four-dimensional Kaehler manifold. The phase space is the space of gauge potentials, whose symplectic reduction by the constraints of anti-self-duality leads to the moduli space of instantons. We show that infinitesimal Baecklund transformations, previously related to 'hidden symmetries' of instantons, are canonical transformations generated by the anti-self-duality constraints. The quantum wave functions naturally lead to a generalized Wess-Zumino-Witten action, which in turn has associated chiral current algebras. The dimensional reduction of the anti-self-duality equations leading to integrable two-dimensional theories is briefly discussed in this framework. (orig.)
Dimensional reduction of a Lorentz and CPT-violating Maxwell-Chern-Simons model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Belich, H. Jr.; Helayel Neto, J.A.; Ferreira, M.M. Jr.; Maranhao Univ., Sao Luiz, MA; Orlando, M.T.D.; Espirito Santo Univ., Vitoria, ES
2003-01-01
Taking as starting point a Lorentz and CPT non-invariant Chern-Simons-like model defined in 1+3 dimensions, we proceed realizing its dimensional to D = 1+2. One then obtains a new planar model, composed by the Maxwell-Chern-Simons (MCS) sector, a Klein-Gordon massless scalar field, and a coupling term that mixes the gauge field to the external vector, ν μ . In spite of breaking Lorentz invariance in the particle frame, this model may preserve the CPT symmetry for a single particular choice of ν μ . Analyzing the dispersion relations, one verifies that the reduced model exhibits stability, but the causality can be jeopardized by some modes. The unitary of the gauge sector is assured without any restriction , while the scalar sector is unitary only in the space-like case. (author)
Vortex dynamics in self-dual Chern-Simons-Higgs systems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kim, Y.; Lee, K.
1994-01-01
We consider vortex dynamics in self-dual Chern-Simons-Higgs systems. We show that the naive Aharonov-Bohm phase is the inverse of the statistical phase expected from the vortex spin, and that the self-dual configurations of vortices are degenerate in energy but not in angular momentum. We also use the path integral formalism to derive the dual formulation of Chern-Simons-Higgs systems in which vortices appear as charged particles. We argue that in addition to the electromagnetic interaction, there is an additional interaction between vortices, the so-called Magnus force, and that these forces can be put together into a single ''dual electromagnetic'' interaction. This dual electromagnetic interaction leads to the right statistical phase. We also derive and study the effective action for slowly moving vortices, which contains terms both linear and quadratic in the vortex velocity. We show that vortices can be bounded to each other by the Magnus force
Electric Chern-Simons term, enlarged exotic Galilei symmetry and noncommutative plane
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Olmo, Mariano A. del; Plyushchay, Mikhail S.
2006-01-01
The extended exotic planar model for a charged particle is constructed. It includes a Chern-Simons-like term for a dynamical electric field, but produces usual equations of motion for the particle in background constant uniform electric and magnetic fields. The electric Chern-Simons term is responsible for the noncommutativity of the boost generators in the 10-dimensional enlarged exotic Galilei symmetry algebra of the extended system. The model admits two reduction schemes by the integrals of motion, one of which reproduces the usual formulation for the charged particle in external constant electric and magnetic fields with associated field-deformed Galilei symmetry, whose commuting boost generators are identified with the nonlocal in time Noether charges reduced on-shell. Another reduction scheme, in which electric field transmutes into the commuting space translation generators, extracts from the model a free particle on the noncommutative plane described by the twofold centrally extended Galilei group of the nonrelativistic anyons
Phasic valence and arousal do not influence post-conflict adjustments in the Simon task.
Dignath, David; Janczyk, Markus; Eder, Andreas B
2017-03-01
According to theoretical accounts of cognitive control, conflict between competing responses is monitored and triggers post conflict behavioural adjustments. Some models proposed that conflict is detected as an affective signal. While the conflict monitoring theory assumed that conflict is registered as a negative valence signal, the adaptation by binding model hypothesized that conflict provides a high arousal signal. The present research induced phasic affect in a Simon task with presentations of pleasant and unpleasant pictures that were high or low in arousal. If conflict is registered as an affective signal, the presentation of a corresponding affective signal should potentiate post conflict adjustments. Results did not support the hypothesis, and Bayesian analyses corroborated the conclusion that phasic affects do not influence post conflict behavioural adjustments in the Simon task. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Sankaran, Pradeep M; Malamel, Jobi J; Joseph, Mathew M; Sebastian, Pothalil A
2017-11-23
The tetragnathid spider genus Tylorida Simon, 1894 is reviewed in India. The relationship of Tylorida with Orsinome Thorell, 1890 is discussed and illustrated. The taxonomic significance of male chelicerae of Tylorida spp. is discussed and an identification key based on the features of male chelicerae to separate Indian Tylorida spp. is provided. A new species, Tylorida flava sp. nov. is described and illustrated. Two new transfers and four new synonyms are proposed: Orsinome marmorea Pocock, 1901 and Tylorida culta (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1869) are transferred to Tylorida and Mesida Kulczyn'ski, 1911 respectively, Tylorida cylindrata (Wang, 1991) and Tylorida sataraensis Kulkarni, 2014 are synonymised with Tylorida marmorea (Pocock, 1901) comb. nov., Tylorida nicobarensis (Tikader, 1977) is synonymised with Tylorida striata (Thorell, 1877) and Leucauge pondae Tikader, 1970 is synonymised with Tylorida ventralis (Thorell, 1877). The biology, natural history and intraspecific variations of T. marmorea comb. nov. are noted. The occurrence of intraspecific variations and colour polymorphism in T. ventralis is discussed and two colour morphs (Silver and Yellow morphs) and three varieties (varieties I, II & III) for the species are recognised. Additionally, the genus Atelidea Simon, 1895 is recorded for the first time from India and provided the description and illustration of Atelidea nona sp. nov.. The current distribution of Atelidea is mapped.
Electron-electron attractive interaction in Maxwell-Chern-Simons QED{sub 3} at zero temperature
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Belich, H.; Ferreira Junior, M.M.; Helayel-Neto, J.A. [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas (CBPF), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). E-mail: belich@cbpf.br; manojr@cbpf.br; helayel@gft.ucp.br; Ferreira Junior, M.M. [Universidade Catolica de Petropolis, RJ (Brazil). Grupo de Fisica Teorica. E-mail: delcima@gft.ucp.br
2001-04-01
One discusses the issue of low-energy electron-electron bound states in the Maxwell-Chern-Simons model coupled to QED{sub 3} with spontaneous breaking of a local U(1)-symmetry. The scattering potential, in the non-relativistic limit, steaming from the electron-electron Moeller scattering, mediated by the Maxwell-Chern-Simons-Proca gauge field and the Higgs scalar, might be attractive by fine-tuning properly the physical parameters of the model. (author)
Hoppe, Katharina; Küper, Kristina; Wascher, Edmund
2017-01-01
In the Simon task, participants respond faster when the task-irrelevant stimulus position and the response position are corresponding, for example on the same side, compared to when they have a non-corresponding relation. Interestingly, this Simon effect is reduced after non-corresponding trials. Such sequential effects can be explained in terms of a more focused processing of the relevant stimulus dimension due to increased cognitive control, which transfers from the previous non-corresponding trial (conflict adaptation effects). Alternatively, sequential modulations of the Simon effect can also be due to the degree of trial-to-trial repetitions and alternations of task features, which is confounded with the correspondence sequence (feature integration effects). In the present study, we used a spatially two-dimensional Simon task with vertical response keys to examine the contribution of adaptive cognitive control and feature integration processes to the sequential modulation of the Simon effect. The two-dimensional Simon task creates correspondences in the vertical as well as in the horizontal dimension. A trial-by-trial alternation of the spatial dimension, for example from a vertical to a horizontal stimulus presentation, generates a subset containing no complete repetitions of task features, but only complete alternations and partial repetitions, which are equally distributed over all correspondence sequences. In line with the assumed feature integration effects, we found sequential modulations of the Simon effect only when the spatial dimension repeated. At least for the horizontal dimension, this pattern was confirmed by the parietal P3b, an event-related potential that is assumed to reflect stimulus-response link processes. Contrary to conflict adaptation effects, cognitive control, measured by the fronto-central N2 component of the EEG, was not sequentially modulated. Overall, our data provide behavioral as well as electrophysiological evidence for feature
Possible daily and seasonal variations in quantum interference induced by Chern-Simons gravity.
Okawara, Hiroki; Yamada, Kei; Asada, Hideki
2012-12-07
Possible effects of Chern-Simons (CS) gravity on a quantum interferometer turn out to be dependent on the latitude and direction of the interferometer on Earth in orbital motion around the Sun. Daily and seasonal variations in phase shifts are predicted with an estimate of the size of the effects, wherefore neutron interferometry with ~5 m arm length and ~10(-4) phase measurement accuracy would place a bound on a CS parameter comparable to the Gravity Probe B satellite.
Chern-Simons couplings for dielectric F-strings in matrix string theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Brecher, Dominic; Janssen, Bert; Lozano, Yolanda
2002-01-01
We compute the non-abelian couplings in the Chern-Simons action for a set of coinciding fundamental strings in both the type IIA and type IIB Matrix string theories. Starting from Matrix theory in a weakly curved background, we construct the linear couplings of closed string fields to type IIA Matrix strings. Further dualities give a type IIB Matrix string theory and a type IIA theory of Matrix strings with winding. (Abstract Copyright[2002], Wiley Periodicals, Inc.)
Papapetrou energy-momentum tensor for Chern-Simons modified gravity
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Guarrera, David; Hariton, A. J.
2007-01-01
We construct a conserved, symmetric energy-momentum (pseudo-)tensor for Chern-Simons modified gravity, thus demonstrating that the theory is Lorentz invariant. The tensor is discussed in relation to other gravitational energy-momentum tensors and analyzed for the Schwarzschild, Reissner-Nordstrom, and Friedmann-Robertson-Walker solutions. To our knowledge this is the first confirmation that the Reissner-Nordstrom and Friedmann-Robertson-Walker metrics are solutions of the modified theory
Field redefinitions and Chern-Simons terms in the heterotic string
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bern, Z.; Shimada, T.
1987-07-01
Field redefinitions in the low energy effective action of the heterotic string are discussed. A field redefinition is constructed which generates the local counterterm that transforms the Lorentz into the gravitational form of the anomaly. We also discuss the field redefinition which torsionizes the Lorentz Chern-Simons term and its relation to an amplitude matching study of the compatibility of torsion with the Gauss-Bonnet combination. (orig.)
Existence of local degrees of freedom for higher dimensional pure Chern-Simons theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Banados, M.; Garay, L.J.; Henneaux, M.
1996-01-01
The canonical structure of higher dimensional pure Chern-Simons theories is analyzed. It is shown that these theories have generically a nonvanishing number of local degrees of freedom, even though they are obtained by means of a topological construction. This number of local degrees of freedom is computed as a function of the spacetime dimension and the dimension of the gauge group. copyright 1996 The American Physical Society
N=2-Maxwell-Chern-Simons model with anomalous magnetic moment coupling via dimensional reduction
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Christiansen, H.R.; Cunha, M.S.; Helayel Neto, Jose A.; Manssur, L.R.U; Nogueira, A.L.M.A.
1998-02-01
An N=1-supersymmetric version of the Cremmer-Scherk-Kalb-Ramond model with non-minimal coupling to matter is built up both in terms of superfields and in a component field formalism. By adopting a dimensional reduction procedure, the N=2-D=3 counterpart of the model comes out, with two main features: a genuine (diagonal) Chern-Simons term and an anomalous magnetic moment coupling between matter and the gauge potential. (author)
Perturbative expansion of Chern-Simons theory with non-compact gauge group
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bar-Natan, D.; Witten, E.
1991-01-01
Naive imitation of the usual formulas for compact gauge group in quantizing three dimensional Chern-Simons gauge theory with non-compact gauge group leads to formulas that are wrong or unilluminating. In this paper, an appropriate modification is described, which puts the perturbative expansion in a standard manifestly 'unitary' format. The one loop contributions (which differ from naive extrapolation from the case of compact gauge group) are computed, and their topological invariance is verified. (orig.)
Boundary effects in 2 + 1 dimensional Maxwell-Chern-Simons theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ferrer, E.J.; Incera, V. de la.
1996-09-01
The boundary effects in the screening of an applied magnetic field in a finite temperature 2 + 1 dimensional model of charged fermions minimally coupled to Maxwell and Chern-Simons fields are investigated. It is found that in a sample with only one boundary -a half-plane- a total Meissner effect takes place, while in a sample with two boundaries -an infinite strip- the external magnetic field partially penetrates the material. (author). 17 refs
Skein relations and Wilson loops in Chern-Simons gauge theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Horne, J.H.
1990-01-01
We derive the skein relations for the fundamental representations of SO(N), Sp(2n), SU(mvertical stroken), and OSp(mvertical stroke2n). These relations can be used recursively to calculate the expectation values of Wilson lines in three-dimensional Chern-Simons gauge theory with these gauge groups. A combination of braiding and tying of Wilson lines completely describes the skein relations. (orig.)
Induced Chern-Simons term in lattice QCD at finite temperature
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Borisenko, O.A.; Petrov, V.K.; Zinovjev, G.M.
1995-01-01
The general conditions for the Chern-Simons action to be induced as a non-universal contribution of fermionic determinant are formulated in finite-temperature lattice QCD. The dependence of the corresponding coefficient in the action on non-universal parameters (chemical potentials, vacuum features, etc.) is explored. Special attention is paid to the role of A 0 -condensate if it is available in this theory. ((orig.))
I-Love-Q relations for neutron stars in dynamical Chern Simons gravity
Gupta, Toral; Majumder, Barun; Yagi, Kent; Yunes, Nicolás
2018-01-01
Neutron stars are ideal to probe, not only nuclear physics, but also strong-field gravity. Approximate universal relations insensitive to the star’s internal structure exist among certain observables and are useful in testing general relativity, as they project out the uncertainties in the equation of state. One such set of universal relations between the moment of inertia (I), the tidal Love number and the quadrupole moment (Q) has been studied both in general relativity and in modified theories. In this paper, we study the relations in dynamical Chern–Simons gravity, a well-motivated, parity-violating effective field theory, extending previous work in various ways. First, we study how projected constraints on the theory using the I-Love relation depend on the measurement accuracy of I with radio observations and that of the Love number with gravitational-wave observations. Provided these quantities can be measured with future observations, we find that the latter could place bounds on dynamical Chern–Simons gravity that are six orders of magnitude stronger than current bounds. Second, we study the I–Q and Q-Love relations in this theory by constructing slowly-rotating neutron star solutions to quadratic order in spin. We find that the approximate universality continues to hold in dynamical Chern–Simons gravity, and in fact, it becomes stronger than in general relativity, although its existence depends on the normalization of the dimensional coupling constant of the theory. Finally, we study the variation of the eccentricity of isodensity contours inside a star and its relation to the degree of universality. We find that, in most cases, the eccentricity variation is smaller in dynamical Chern–Simons gravity than in general relativity, providing further support to the idea that the approximate self-similarity of isodensity contours is responsible for universality.
La Féminité Vue Par Simone De Beauvoir : Une Lecture Du ...
African Journals Online (AJOL)
Il s'agit dans cet article d'un examen critique de la vision beauvoirienne de la féminité à la lumière de son oeuvre théorique, Le deuxième sexe. Ceci rendra plus accessibles les discussions sur Beauvoir. Simone de Beauvoir is a French feminist philosopher, whose feminist theory and philosophical ideology largely marked ...
Sex differences in the Simon task help to interpret sex differences in selective attention
Stoet, Gijsbert
2016-01-01
In the last decade, a number of studies have reported sex differences in selective attention, but a unified explanation for these effects is still missing. This study aims to better understand these differences and put them in an evolutionary psychological context. 418 adult participants performed a computer-based Simon task, in which they responded to the direction of a left or right pointing arrow appearing left or right from a fixation point. Women were more strongly influenced by task-irr...
On the phase of Chern-Simons theory with complex gauge group
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gibbs, R.; Mokhtari, S. [Dept. of Phys., Louisiana Tech. Univ., Ruston, LA (United States)
1995-10-07
We compute the eta function for Chern-Simons quantum field theory with complex gauge group. The calculation is performed using the Schwinger expansion technique. We discuss, in particular, the role of the metric on the field configuration space, and demonstrate that for a certain class of acceptable metrics the one-loop phase contribution to the effective action can be calculated explicitly. The result is found to be proportional to a gauge invariant part of the action. (author)
Exact solubility of Chern-Simons theory with compact simple gauge group
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hayashi, Masahito
1993-01-01
We show that vacuum expectation values of Wilson loop operators in (2+1)-dimensional Chern-Simons theory satisfy algebraic equations. Interestingly enough, vacuum expectation values for unknotted Wilson loop operators in any representation of any compact and simple group are exactly computed by solving the equations. So-called 'skein relations', which give us algebraic equations among vacuum expectation values of different Wilson loop operators, are constructed. In our formalism, quantum group symmetry appears naturally. (orig.)
First law of black ring thermodynamics in higher dimensional Chern-Simons gravity
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Rogatko, Marek
2007-01-01
The physical process version and the equilibrium state version of the first law of black ring thermodynamics in n-dimensional Einstein gravity with Chern-Simons term were derived. This theory constitutes the simplest generalization of the five-dimensional one admitting a stationary black ring solution. The equilibrium state version of the first law of black ring mechanics was achieved by choosing any cross section of the event horizon to the future of the bifurcation surface
DIAGNOSIS OF THE PERCEPTION OF TEACHERS AT THE SIMON BOLIVAR UNIVERSITY ON THE USE OF ICT'S
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
María Victoria Flores Trujillo
2016-12-01
Full Text Available Globalization has been propelled by the use of communication technologies and ICT information, so this article aims to make a diagnosis to know the perception that teachers have university Simon Bolivar on its use. In line with this objective, questions associated with respondent profile variables are formulated, perception of use and level of satisfaction. It is a field, the results show an organization aligned with the use of technology, low resistance to change and ecology standards supporting among others.
Hand posture effects on handedness recognition as revealed by the Simon effect
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Allan P Lameira
2009-11-01
Full Text Available We investigated the influence of hand posture in handedness recognition, while varying the spatial correspondence between stimulus and response in a modified Simon task. Drawings of the left and right hands were displayed either in a back or palm view while participants discriminated stimulus handedness by pressing left/right keys with their hands resting either in a prone or supine posture. As a control, subjects performed a regular Simon task using simple geometric shapes as stimuli. Results showed that when hands were in a prone posture, the spatially corresponding trials (i.e., stimulus and response located on the same side were faster than the non-corresponding trials (i.e., stimulus and response on opposite sides. In contrast, for the supine posture, there was no difference between corresponding and non-corresponding trials. The control experiment with the regular Simon task showed that the posture of the responding hand had no influence on performance. When the stimulus is the drawing of a hand, however, the posture of the responding hand affects the spatial correspondence effect because response location is coded based on multiple reference points, including the body of the hand.
All Chern-Simons invariants of 4D, N=1 gauged superform hierarchies
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Becker, Katrin; Becker, Melanie; III, William D. Linch [George P. and Cynthia Woods Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy,Texas A& M University,College Station, TX 77843-4242 (United States); Randall, Stephen [Department of Physics, University of California,Berkeley, CA 94720-7300 (United States); Robbins, Daniel [Department of Physics, University at Albany,Albany, NY 12222 (United States)
2017-04-19
We give a geometric description of supersymmetric gravity/(non-)abelian p-form hierarchies in superspaces with 4D, N=1 super-Poincaré invariance. These hierarchies give rise to Chern-Simons-like invariants, such as those of the 5D, N=1 graviphoton and the eleven-dimensional 3-form but also generalizations such as Green-Schwarz-like/BF-type couplings. Previous constructions based on prepotential superfields are reinterpreted in terms of p-forms in superspace thereby elucidating the underlying geometry. This vastly simplifies the calculations of superspace field-strengths, Bianchi identities, and Chern-Simons invariants. Using this, we prove the validity of a recursive formula for the conditions defining these actions for any such tensor hierarchy. Solving it at quadratic and cubic orders, we recover the known results for the BF-type and cubic Chern-Simons actions. As an application, we compute the quartic invariant ∼AdAdAdA+… relevant, for example, to seven-dimensional supergravity compactifications.
The Age of Miracle and Wonders: Paul Simon and the Changing American Dream.
Fuchsman, Ken
2016-01-01
The American dream altered. In the 19th century, it was focused on male success in the marketplace. With the rise of the consumer culture, ideals changed. Women were brought in, as companionate marriage, home ownership, and a successful domestic life with children became central in American life. Since the mid-sixties, singer-songwriter Paul Simon has been writing songs reflecting these changes. He has two songs with America in the title, and is one of the few rock stars that write extensively about marriage and parenting. He also writes about love as romance, with a spouse, and towards offspring. Simon too composes songs about affluence, technology, and what brings happiness and joy. His work illuminates the United States in what he says is "the age's most uncertain hour." He believed that affluence was a key to our fulfillment. The changes in American life since the 1970s, show that much of what was held as ideal, has been through troubled times. We can gain insight into the fate of the American dream through Simon's songs.
Dissociating proportion congruent and conflict adaptation effects in a Simon-Stroop procedure.
Torres-Quesada, Maryem; Funes, Maria Jesús; Lupiáñez, Juan
2013-02-01
Proportion congruent and conflict adaptation are two well known effects associated with cognitive control. A critical open question is whether they reflect the same or separate cognitive control mechanisms. In this experiment, in a training phase we introduced a proportion congruency manipulation for one conflict type (i.e. Simon), whereas in pre-training and post-training phases two conflict types (e.g. Simon and Spatial Stroop) were displayed with the same incongruent-to-congruent ratio. The results supported the sustained nature of the proportion congruent effect, as it transferred from the training to the post-training phase. Furthermore, this transfer generalized to both conflict types. By contrast, the conflict adaptation effect was specific to conflict type, as it was only observed when the same conflict type (either Simon or Stroop) was presented on two consecutive trials (no effect was observed on conflict type alternation trials). Results are interpreted as supporting the reactive and proactive control mechanisms distinction. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Supersymmetry, quantum gauge anomalies and generalized Chern-Simons terms in chiral gauge theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Schmidt, Torsten
2009-01-01
The purpose of this thesis is to investigate the interplay of anomaly cancellation and generalized Chern-Simons terms in four-dimensional chiral gauge theory. We start with a detailed discussion of generalized Chern-Simons terms with the canellation of anomalies via the Green-Schwarz mechanism. With this at hand, we investigate the situation in general N=1 supersymmetric field theories with generalized Chern-Simons terms. Two simple consistency conditions are shown to encode strong constraints on the allowed anomalies for different types of gauge groups. In one major part of this thesis we are going to display to what extent one has to modify the existing formalism in order to allow for the cancellation of quantum gauge anomalies via the Green-Schwarz mechanism. At the end of this thesis we comment on a puzzle in the literature on supersymmetric field theories with massive tensor fields. The potential contains a term that does not arise from eliminating an auxiliary field. We clarify the origin of this term and display the relation to standard D-term potential. In an appendix it is explicitly shown how these low energy effective actions might be connected to the formulation of four-dimensional gauge theories discussed at earlier stages of this thesis. (orig.)
Efficient classical simulation of the Deutsch-Jozsa and Simon's algorithms
Johansson, Niklas; Larsson, Jan-Åke
2017-09-01
A long-standing aim of quantum information research is to understand what gives quantum computers their advantage. This requires separating problems that need genuinely quantum resources from those for which classical resources are enough. Two examples of quantum speed-up are the Deutsch-Jozsa and Simon's problem, both efficiently solvable on a quantum Turing machine, and both believed to lack efficient classical solutions. Here we present a framework that can simulate both quantum algorithms efficiently, solving the Deutsch-Jozsa problem with probability 1 using only one oracle query, and Simon's problem using linearly many oracle queries, just as expected of an ideal quantum computer. The presented simulation framework is in turn efficiently simulatable in a classical probabilistic Turing machine. This shows that the Deutsch-Jozsa and Simon's problem do not require any genuinely quantum resources, and that the quantum algorithms show no speed-up when compared with their corresponding classical simulation. Finally, this gives insight into what properties are needed in the two algorithms and calls for further study of oracle separation between quantum and classical computation.
Elemental and isotopic imaging of biological samples using NanoSIMS.
Kilburn, Matt R; Clode, Peta L
2014-01-01
With its low detection limits and the ability to analyze most of the elements in the periodic table, secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) represents one of the most versatile in situ analytical techniques available, and recent developments have resulted in significant advantages for the use of imaging mass spectrometry in biological and biomedical research. Increases in spatial resolution and sensitivity allow detailed interrogation of samples at relevant scales and chemical concentrations. Advances in dynamic SIMS, specifically with the advent of NanoSIMS, now allow the tracking of stable isotopes within biological systems at subcellular length scales, while static SIMS combines subcellular imaging with molecular identification. In this chapter, we present an introduction to the SIMS technique, with particular reference to NanoSIMS, and discuss its application in biological and biomedical research.
Systems Engineering and Application of System Performance Modeling in SIM Lite Mission
Moshir, Mehrdad; Murphy, David W.; Milman, Mark H.; Meier, David L.
2010-01-01
The SIM Lite Astrometric Observatory will be the first space-based Michelson interferometer operating in the visible wavelength, with the ability to perform ultra-high precision astrometric measurements on distant celestial objects. SIM Lite data will address in a fundamental way questions such as characterization of Earth-mass planets around nearby stars. To accomplish these goals it is necessary to rely on a model-based systems engineering approach - much more so than most other space missions. This paper will describe in further detail the components of this end-to-end performance model, called "SIM-sim", and show how it has helped the systems engineering process.
SimPackJ/S: a web-oriented toolkit for discrete event simulation
Park, Minho; Fishwick, Paul A.
2002-07-01
SimPackJ/S is the JavaScript and Java version of SimPack, which means SimPackJ/S is a collection of JavaScript and Java libraries and executable programs for computer simulations. The main purpose of creating SimPackJ/S is that we allow existing SimPack users to expand simulation areas and provide future users with a freeware simulation toolkit to simulate and model a system in web environments. One of the goals for this paper is to introduce SimPackJ/S. The other goal is to propose translation rules for converting C to JavaScript and Java. Most parts demonstrate the translation rules with examples. In addition, we discuss a 3D dynamic system model and overview an approach to 3D dynamic systems using SimPackJ/S. We explain an interface between SimPackJ/S and the 3D language--Virtual Reality Modeling Language (VRML). This paper documents how to translate C to JavaScript and Java and how to utilize SimPackJ/S within a 3D web environment.
StandsSIM-MD: a Management Driven forest SIMulator
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Barreiro, S.; Rua, J.; Tomé, M.
2016-07-01
Aim of the study. The existing stand level forest simulators available in Portugal were not developed with the aim of including up-to-date model versions and were limited in terms of accounting for forest management. The simulators’ platform, sIMfLOR was recently created to implement different growth models with a common philosophy. The objective was developing one easily-updatable, user-friendly, forest management and climate change sensitive simulator capable of projecting growth for the main tree species in Portugal. Area of the study: Portugal. Material and methods: The new simulator was programmed in a modular form consisting of several modules. The growth module integrates different forest growth and yield models (empirical and process-based) for the main wood production tree species in Portugal (eucalypt, umbrella and maritime pines); whereas the management module drives the growth projections along the planning horizon according to a range of forest management approaches and climate (at present only available for eucalypt). Main results: The main result is the StandsSIM-MD Management Driven simulator that overcomes the limitations of the existing stand level simulators. It is a step forward when compared to the models currently available in the sIMfLOR platform covering more tree species, stand structures and stand compositions. It is focused on end-users and it is based on similar concepts regarding the generation of required inputs and generated outputs. Research highlights: Forest Management Driven simulations approach. Multiple Prescriptions-Per-Stand functionality. StandsSIM-MD can be used to support landowners decisions on stand forest management. StandsSIM-MD simulations at regional level can be combined with optimization routines. (Author)
Quantitative hydrogen analysis in fusion-relevant materials by SIMS
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Jaeger, W.
1991-04-01
In fusion reactors graphite brazed on metallic substrates is commonly used for plasma-exposed components of the First Wall. Exposed to high heat-, hydrogen- and deuterium-fluxes, the stability of the braze under such conditions is essential. A sample of graphite brazed with zirconium on a molybdenum high temperature alloy was cut and exposed to a deuterium plasma (dose 10 22 cm -2 ). Secondary Ion Mass Spectroscopy (SIMS) has proven to combine high sensitivity to hydrogen and deuterium with the ability to perform depth profiling. Thus SIMS investigations should determine the extent of deuterium diffusion into the braze and the substrate. SIMS measurement conditions were optimized with special regard to energy filtering and to computer controlled magnetic field adjustment. Step scan measurements to obtain information on the surface concentration of deuterium and depth profiling to determine the distribution of the bulk concentration were performed. In the braze, directly exposed to the plasma, the deuterium content was up to a few atomic percent. The shielding of a thin graphite layer (0.5 mm) reduced the deuterium content to approximately 300 ppm at., but diffusion was still present. For deuterium quantification a homogenous graphite standard and molybdenum- and zirconium-implantation standards were used. With respect to the diffusivity of deuterium, MoD/Mo and ZrD/Zr ratios were measured. Different energy filtering was used to distinguish trapped and free deuterium. The comparison of experimental depth profiles with theoretical Monte Carlo simulations showed the effects of implantation damage in the bulk and of trapping. The relative sensitivity factors for deuterium in graphite, molybdenum and zirconium were calculated. (author)
CET exSim: mineral exploration experience via simulation
Wong, Jason C.; Holden, Eun-Jung; Kovesi, Peter; McCuaig, T. Campbell; Hronsky, Jon
2013-08-01
Undercover mineral exploration is a challenging task as it requires understanding of subsurface geology by relying heavily on remotely sensed (i.e. geophysical) data. Cost-effective exploration is essential in order to increase the chance of success using finite budgets. This requires effective decision-making in both the process of selecting the optimum data collection methods and in the process of achieving accuracy during subsequent interpretation. Traditionally, developing the skills, behaviour and practices of exploration decision-making requires many years of experience through working on exploration projects under various geological settings, commodities and levels of available resources. This implies long periods of sub-optimal exploration decision-making, before the necessary experience has been successfully obtained. To address this critical industry issue, our ongoing research focuses on the development of the unique and novel e-learning environment, exSim, which simulates exploration scenarios where users can test their strategies and learn the consequences of their choices. This simulator provides an engaging platform for self-learning and experimentation in exploration decision strategies, providing a means to build experience more effectively. The exSim environment also provides a unique platform on which numerous scenarios and situations (e.g. deposit styles) can be simulated, potentially allowing the user to become virtually familiarised with a broader scope of exploration practices. Harnessing the power of computer simulation, visualisation and an intuitive graphical user interface, the simulator provides a way to assess the user's exploration decisions and subsequent interpretations. In this paper, we present the prototype functionalities in exSim including: simulation of geophysical surveys, follow-up drill testing and interpretation assistive tools.
An AFM-SIMS Nano Tomography Acquisition System
Swinford, Richard William
An instrument, adding the capability to measure 3D volumetric chemical composition, has been constructed by me as a member of the Sanchez Nano Laboratory. The laboratory's in situ atomic force microscope (AFM) and secondary ion mass spectrometry systems (SIMS) are functional and integrated as one instrument. The SIMS utilizes a Ga focused ion beam (FIB) combined with a quadrupole mass analyzer. The AFM is comprised of a 6-axis stage, three coarse axes and three fine. The coarse stage is used for placing the AFM tip anywhere inside a (13x13x5 mm3) (xyz) volume. Thus the tip can be moved in and out of the FIB processing region with ease. The planned range for the Z-axis piezo was 60 microm, but was reduced after it was damaged from arc events. The repaired Z-axis piezo is now operated at a smaller nominal range of 18 microm (16.7 microm after pre-loading), still quite respectable for an AFM. The noise floor of the AFM is approximately 0.4 nm Rq. The voxel size for the combined instrument is targeted at 50 nm or larger. Thus 0.4 nm of xyz uncertainty is acceptable. The instrument has been used for analyzing samples using FIB beam currents of 250 pA and 5.75 nA. Coarse tip approaches can take a long time so an abbreviated technique is employed. Because of the relatively long thro of the Z piezo, the tip can be disengaged by deactivating the servo PID. Once disengaged, it can be moved laterally out of the way of the FIB-SIMS using the coarse stage. This instrument has been used to acquire volumetric data on AlTiC using AFM tip diameters of 18.9 nm and 30.6 nm. Acquisition times are very long, requiring multiple days to acquire a 50-image stack. New features to be added include auto stigmation, auto beam shift, more software automation, etc. Longer term upgrades to include a new lower voltage Z-piezo with strain-gauge feedback and a new design to extend the life for the coarse XY nano-positioners. This AFM-SIMS instrument, as constructed, has proven to be a great proof
StandsSIM-MD: a Management Driven forest SIMulator
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Susana Barreiro
2016-07-01
Full Text Available Aim of the study: The existing stand level forest simulators available in Portugal were not developed with the aim of including up-to-date model versions and were limited in terms of accounting for forest management. The simulators’ platform, sIMfLOR was recently created to implement different growth models with a common philosophy. The objective was developing one easily-updatable, user-friendly, forest management and climate change sensitive simulator capable of projecting growth for the main tree species in Portugal. Area of the study: Portugal. Material and methods: The new simulator was programmed in a modular form consisting of several modules. The growth module integrates different forest growth and yield models (empirical and process-based for the main wood production tree species in Portugal (eucalypt, umbrella and maritime pines; whereas the management module drives the growth projections along the planning horizon according to a range of forest management approaches and climate (at present only available for eucalypt. Main results: The main result is the StandsSIM-MD Management Driven simulator that overcomes the limitations of the existing stand level simulators. It is a step forward when compared to the models currently available in the sIMfLOR platform covering more tree species, stand structures and stand compositions. It is focused on end-users and it is based on similar concepts regarding the generation of required inputs and generated outputs. Research highlights: - Forest Management Driven simulations approach - Multiple Prescriptions-Per-Stand functionality - StandsSIM-MD can be used to support landowners decisions on stand forest management - StandsSIM-MD simulations at regional level can be combined with optimization routines Keywords: Forest simulator, Forest Management Approaches; StandsSIM-MD; forest management.
The core competencies of James Marion Sims, MD.
Straughn, J Michael; Gandy, Roy E; Rodning, Charles B
2012-07-01
The concept of core competencies in graduate medical education was introduced by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education of the American Medical Association to semiquantitatively assess the professional performance of students, residents, practitioners, and faculty. Many aspects of the career of J. Marion Sims, MD, are exemplary of those core competencies: MEDICAL KNOWLEDGE: Author of the first American textbook related to gynecology. MEDICAL CARE: Innovator of the Sims' Vaginal Speculum, Sims' Position, Sims' Test, and vesico-/rectovaginal fistulorrhaphy; advocated abdominal exploration for penetrating wounds; performed the first cholecystostomy. PROFESSIONALISM: Served as President of the New York Academy of Medicine, the American Medical Association, and the American Gynecologic Society. INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS/COMMUNICATION: Cared for the indigent, hearthless, indentured, disenfranchised; served as consulting surgeon to the Empress Eugénie (France), the Duchess of Hamilton (Scotland), the Empress of Austria, and other royalty of the aristocratic Houses of Europe; accorded the National Order of the Legion of Honor. PRACTICE-BASED LEARNING: Introduction of silver wire sutures; adoption of the principles of asepsis/antisepsis; adoption of the principles of general anesthesia. SYSTEMS-BASED PRACTICE: Established the Woman's Hospital, New York City, New York, the predecessor of the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Center for the Treatment of Cancer and Allied Diseases; organized the Anglo-American Ambulance Corps under the patronage of Napoleon III. What led him to a life of clinical and humanitarian service? First, he was determined to succeed. His formal medical/surgical education was perhaps the best available to North Americans during that era. Second, he was courageous in experimentation and innovation, applying new developments in operative technique, asepsis/antisepsis, and general anesthesia. Third, his curiosity was not burdened by rigid
Breve nota acerca de simúlidos colombianos
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Leopoldo Briceño Iragorry
1946-08-01
Full Text Available Durante corta permanencia en la ciudad de Cali, Colombia (1.000 mts. Alt. 4 de junio de 1946, tuvimos oportunidad de colectar a orillas del rio Cauca a su paso par la prospera capital del Departamento del Valle, ejemplares de Simúlidos al estado de pupa en las inmediaciones del parque donde la admiración conciudadana ha erigido un busto al escritor Jorge Isaacs Iragorri. Pudimos, no obstante las pocas facilidades de que disponíamos, obtener par cría adultos que facilitaron el estudio completo de los ejemplares en referencia, que permitió clasificarlos como Simulium (E lutzianus.
Biografía de la Facultad de Derecho de la Universidad Simón Bolívar: Testimonio de un esfuerzo
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Maury Almanza Iglesia
2015-10-01
Full Text Available Cuando se habla de universidad, lo primero que viene a la mente es el concepto de academia por haber sido el primer lugar que formalmente se conoció como sinónimo de formación. Alude también a espacios de ecos y resonancias en donde todo se movía entre la mesura y el regodeo, entre la lentitud y la paciencia y por la libertad, la tranquilidad y el saber como presupuestos básicos. Por tal razón se da cuenta del estudio biográfico de la Facultad de Derecho de la Universidad Simón Bolívar, Barranquilla-Colombia.AbstractWhen it is talked about university the first thing that comes to a mind is the concept of academy because it was the first place formally known like a higher education school. It refers to spaces full of echoes and resonances where everything was moving between moderation and gloating, between slowness and patience, and that is moving for the liberty, tranquility and knowledge. It is the main reason of the biographical study of the Simon Bolivar Universityâ€™s law faculty in Barranquilla, Colombia.
ONO structures investigated by SIMS, RBS, and NRA
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Iberl, F.; Ramm, P.; Lang, W.
1992-01-01
Reoxidized nitrided oxides (ONO) will be used in ULSI technology to improve the properties of thin gate dielectrics as high breakdown fields, radiation resistance, and diffusion barriers. The ONO structures analyzed in our study are fabricated in a rapid thermal processing reactor (RTP) using oxygen and ammonium ambients. Typical data for the sequential processing mode are: rapid thermal oxidation (RTO) in oxygen atmosphere at 1100degC and rapid thermal nitridation in ammonium atmosphere (RTN) at 1050degC followed by RTO at 1150degC. Due to the complexity of the growth process it is very important to verify the resulting layers with analytical methods. The whole structure is only about 250 A thick. To analyse the sequence, composition and thickness of the layers, the depth resolution of SIMS is necessary. On the other hand, for quantification, RBS and NRA can be used. When the bulk signal is suppressed by channelling, the signal of oxygen, and in special cases nitrogen, can be evaluated from the He + backscattering spectrum. For nuclear reaction analysis, the reactions of nitrogen with deuterium are used. The combination of SIMS and the accelerator techniques allow quantitative analysis and depth profiling of this structure. (orig.)
Multilayer analysis using SIMS: interpretation of profiles at interfaces
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Aucouturier, M.; Grattepain, C.; Tromson-Carli, A.; Barbe, M.; Cohen-Solal, G.; Marfaing, Y.; Chevrier, F.; Gall, H. le; Imhoff, D.
1993-01-01
Secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) is a well adapted analytical method for the chemical characterization of concentration profiles in layered or multilayered materials, particularly concerning the more or less abrupt interfaces bounding those layers. It is known that the fiability and accuracy of the interface characterization may be affected by methodological factors, which alter the depth resolution such as: macroscopical or microscopical initial roughness of the substrate and/or of the layers, ion-induced roughening, effects of differential sputtering of the various elements, transitory stage of the primary ion beam implantation, ion beam induced accelerated diffusion, balistic mixing or segregation; etc.. This communication describes several examples of SIMS analysis performed on metal multilayers (Co/Cu) and on epitaxial semiconductor layers (CdTe/GaAs), focussing the interest on the particular analytical problems raised by the initial roughness and the ion induced roughening effect. The interpretation of the measured profiles, the influence of analytical parameters (such as the nature of the primary ion beam, sputtering conditions, detected ion species), and the limitations of profilometry roughness measurements, are discussed. Solutions are proposed in order to improve the depth resolution of interface characterization, including a tentative modelization of roughness effects. (orig.)
Analysis of TOF-SIMS spectra from fullerene compounds
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kato, N. [Department of Materials and Life Science, Faculty of Science and Technology, Seikei University, 3-3-1, Kichijoji-Kitamachi, Musashino-shi, Tokyo 180-8633 (Japan)], E-mail: kato-nobuhiko@st.seikei.ac.jp; Yamashita, Y. [Department of Materials and Life Science, Faculty of Science and Technology, Seikei University, 3-3-1, Kichijoji-Kitamachi, Musashino-shi, Tokyo 180-8633 (Japan); Iida, S.; Sanada, N. [ULVAC-PHI, Inc., 370 Enzo, Chigasaki, Kanagawa 253-0084 (Japan); Kudo, M. [Department of Materials and Life Science, Faculty of Science and Technology, Seikei University, 3-3-1, Kichijoji-Kitamachi, Musashino-shi, Tokyo 180-8633 (Japan)
2008-12-15
We analyzed TOF-SIMS spectra obtained from three different size of fullerenes (C{sub 60}, C{sub 70} and C{sub 84}) by using Ga{sup +}, Au{sup +} and Au{sub 3}{sup +} primary ion beams and investigated the fragmentation patterns, the enhancement of secondary ion yields and the restraint of fragmentation by using cluster primary ion beams compared with monoatomic primary ion beams. In the TOS-SIMS spectra from C{sub 70} and C{sub 84}, it was found that a fragment ion, identified as C{sub 60}{sup +} (m/z = 720), showed a relatively high intensity compared with that of other fragment ions related to C{sub 2} depletion. It was also found that the Au{sub 3}{sup +} bombardment caused intensity enhancement of intact molecules (C{sub 60}{sup +}, C{sub 70}{sup +} and C{sub 84}{sup +}) and restrained the fragmentation due to C{sub 2} depletion.
On the SIMS Ionization Probability of Organic Molecules.
Popczun, Nicholas J; Breuer, Lars; Wucher, Andreas; Winograd, Nicholas
2017-06-01
The prospect of improved secondary ion yields for secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) experiments drives innovation of new primary ion sources, instrumentation, and post-ionization techniques. The largest factor affecting secondary ion efficiency is believed to be the poor ionization probability (α + ) of sputtered material, a value rarely measured directly, but estimated to be in some cases as low as 10 -5 . Our lab has developed a method for the direct determination of α + in a SIMS experiment using laser post-ionization (LPI) to detect neutral molecular species in the sputtered plume for an organic compound. Here, we apply this method to coronene (C 24 H 12 ), a polyaromatic hydrocarbon that exhibits strong molecular signal during gas-phase photoionization. A two-dimensional spatial distribution of sputtered neutral molecules is measured and presented. It is shown that the ionization probability of molecular coronene desorbed from a clean film under bombardment with 40 keV C 60 cluster projectiles is of the order of 10 -3 , with some remaining uncertainty arising from laser-induced fragmentation and possible differences in the emission velocity distributions of neutral and ionized molecules. In general, this work establishes a method to estimate the ionization efficiency of molecular species sputtered during a single bombardment event. Graphical Abstract GRAPHICAL ABSTRACT TEXT HERE] -->.
Chemical Imaging of the Cell Membrane by NanoSIMS
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Weber, P.K.; Kraft, M.L.; Frisz, J.F.; Carpenter, K.J.; Hutcheon, I.D.
2010-01-01
The existence of lipid microdomains and their role in cell membrane organization are currently topics of great interest and controversy. The cell membrane is composed of a lipid bilayer with embedded proteins that can flow along the two-dimensional surface defined by the membrane. Microdomains, known as lipid rafts, are believed to play a central role in organizing this fluid system, enabling the cell membrane to carry out essential cellular processes, including protein recruitment and signal transduction. Lipid rafts are also implicated in cell invasion by pathogens, as in the case of the HIV. Therefore, understanding the role of lipid rafts in cell membrane organization not only has broad scientific implications, but also has practical implications for medical therapies. One of the major limitations on lipid organization research has been the inability to directly analyze lipid composition without introducing artifacts and at the relevant length-scales of tens to hundreds of nanometers. Fluorescence microscopy is widely used due to its sensitivity and specificity to the labeled species, but only the labeled components can be observed, fluorophores can alter the behavior of the lipids they label, and the length scales relevant to imaging cell membrane domains are between that probed by fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) imaging (<10 nm) and the diffraction limit of light. Topographical features can be imaged on this length scale by atomic force microscopy (AFM), but the chemical composition of the observed structures cannot be determined. Immuno-labeling can be used to study the distribution of membrane proteins at high resolution, but not lipid composition. We are using imaging mass spectrometry by secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) in concert with other high resolution imaging methods to overcome these limitations. The experimental approach of this project is to combine molecule-specific stable isotope labeling with high-resolution SIMS using a
Park, Ji-Won; Jeong, Hyobin; Kang, Byeongsoo; Kim, Su Jin; Park, Sang Yoon; Kang, Sokbom; Kim, Hark Kyun; Choi, Joon Sig; Hwang, Daehee; Lee, Tae Geol
2015-06-05
Time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS) emerges as a promising tool to identify the ions (small molecules) indicative of disease states from the surface of patient tissues. In TOF-SIMS analysis, an enhanced ionization of surface molecules is critical to increase the number of detected ions. Several methods have been developed to enhance ionization capability. However, how these methods improve identification of disease-related ions has not been systematically explored. Here, we present a multi-dimensional SIMS (MD-SIMS) that combines conventional TOF-SIMS and metal-assisted SIMS (MetA-SIMS). Using this approach, we analyzed cancer and adjacent normal tissues first by TOF-SIMS and subsequently by MetA-SIMS. In total, TOF- and MetA-SIMS detected 632 and 959 ions, respectively. Among them, 426 were commonly detected by both methods, while 206 and 533 were detected uniquely by TOF- and MetA-SIMS, respectively. Of the 426 commonly detected ions, 250 increased in their intensities by MetA-SIMS, whereas 176 decreased. The integrated analysis of the ions detected by the two methods resulted in an increased number of discriminatory ions leading to an enhanced separation between cancer and normal tissues. Therefore, the results show that MD-SIMS can be a useful approach to provide a comprehensive list of discriminatory ions indicative of disease states.
Dittrich, Kerstin; Bossert, Marie-Luise; Rothe-Wulf, Annelie; Klauer, Karl Christoph
2017-09-01
Previous studies observed compatibility effects in different interference paradigms such as the Simon and flanker task even when the task was distributed across two co-actors. In both Simon and flanker tasks, performance is improved in compatible trials relative to incompatible trials if one actor works on the task alone as well as if two co-actors share the task. These findings have been taken to indicate that actors automatically co-represent their co-actor's task. However, recent research on the joint Simon and joint flanker effect suggests alternative non-social interpretations. To which degree both joint effects are driven by the same underlying processes is the question of the present study, and it was scrutinized by manipulating the visibility of the co-actor. While the joint Simon effect was not affected by the visibility of the co-actor, the joint flanker effect was reduced when participants did not see their co-actors but knew where the co-actors were seated. These findings provide further evidence for a spatial interpretation of the joint Simon effect. In contrast to recent claims, however, we propose a new explanation of the joint flanker effect that attributes the effect to an impairment in the focusing of spatial attention contingent on the visibility of the co-actor.
Fitousi, Daniel
2016-11-01
Classic theories of attention assume that the processing of a target's featural dimension (e.g., color) is contingent on the processing of its spatial location. The present study challenges this maxim. Three experiments evaluated the dimensional independence of spatial location and color using a combined Simon (Simon & Rudell Journal of Applied Psychology: 51, 300-304, 1967) and Garner (Garner, 1974) design. The results showed that when the stimulus's spatial location was rendered more discriminable than its color (Experiment 1 and 2), both Simon and Garner effects were obtained, and location interfered with color judgments to a larger extent than color intruded on location. However, when baseline discriminabilities of location and color were matched (Experiment 3), no Garner interference was obtained from location to color, yet Simon effects still emerged, proving resilient to manipulations of discriminability. Further correlational and distributional analyses showed that Garner and Simon effects have dissociable effects. A triple-route model is proposed to account for the results, according to which irrelevant location can influence performance via two independent location routes/codes.
OpenSimRoot: widening the scope and application of root architectural models.
Postma, Johannes A; Kuppe, Christian; Owen, Markus R; Mellor, Nathan; Griffiths, Marcus; Bennett, Malcolm J; Lynch, Jonathan P; Watt, Michelle
2017-08-01
OpenSimRoot is an open-source, functional-structural plant model and mathematical description of root growth and function. We describe OpenSimRoot and its functionality to broaden the benefits of root modeling to the plant science community. OpenSimRoot is an extended version of SimRoot, established to simulate root system architecture, nutrient acquisition and plant growth. OpenSimRoot has a plugin, modular infrastructure, coupling single plant and crop stands to soil nutrient and water transport models. It estimates the value of root traits for water and nutrient acquisition in environments and plant species. The flexible OpenSimRoot design allows upscaling from root anatomy to plant community to estimate the following: resource costs of developmental and anatomical traits; trait synergisms; and (interspecies) root competition. OpenSimRoot can model three-dimensional images from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and X-ray computed tomography (CT) of roots in soil. New modules include: soil water-dependent water uptake and xylem flow; tiller formation; evapotranspiration; simultaneous simulation of mobile solutes; mesh refinement; and root growth plasticity. OpenSimRoot integrates plant phenotypic data with environmental metadata to support experimental designs and to gain a mechanistic understanding at system scales. © 2017 The Authors. New Phytologist © 2017 New Phytologist Trust.
The role of the transcription factor SIM2 in prostate cancer.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Bin Lu
Full Text Available Recent reports have suggested a possible involvement of Single-minded homolog 2 (SIM2 in human solid cancers, including prostate cancer. However, the exact role of SIM2 in cancer in general, and in prostate cancer in particular, remains largely unknown. This study was designed to elucidate the role of SIM2 in prostate cancer using a shRNA-based approach in the PC3 prostate cancer cell line.Lentiviral shRNAs were used to inhibit SIM2 gene and protein levels in PC3 cells. Quantitative RT-PCR and branched DNA were performed to evaluate transcript expression. SIM2 protein expression level was measured by western blot. Profiling of gene expression spanning the whole genome, as well as polar metabolomics of several major metabolic pathways was performed to identify major pathway dysregulations.SIM2 gene and protein products were significantly downregulated by lenti-shRNA in PC3 cell line. This low expression of SIM2 affected gene expression profile, revealing significant changes in major signaling pathways, networks and functions. In addition, major metabolic pathways were affected.Taken together, our results suggest an involvement of SIM2 in key traits of prostate tumor cell biology and might underlie a contribution of this transcription factor to prostate cancer onset and progression.
Brigl, B; Ammenwerth, E; Dujat, C; Gräber, S; Grosse, A; Häber, A; Jostes, C; Winter, A
2005-01-01
Systematic information management in hospitals demands for a strategic information management plan (SIM plan). As preparing a SIM plan is a considerable challenge we provide a practical guideline that is directly applicable when a SIM plan is going to be prepared. The guideline recommends a detailed structure of a SIM plan and gives advice about its content and the preparation process. It may be used as template, which can be adapted to the individual demands of any hospital. The guideline was used in several hospitals preparing a SIM plan. Experiences showed that the SIM plans could be prepared very efficiently and timely using the guideline, that the proposed SIM plan structure suited well, that the guideline offers enough flexibility to meet the requirements of the individual hospitals and that the specific recommendations of the guideline were very helpful. Nevertheless, we must strive for a more comprehensive theory of strategic information management planning which -- in the sense of enterprise architecture planning -- represents the intrinsic correlations of the different parts of a SIM plan to a greater extent.
Sims for Science: Powerful Tools to Support Inquiry-Based Teaching
Perkins, Katherine K.; Loeblein, Patricia J.; Dessau, Kathryn L.
2010-01-01
Since 2002, the PhET Interactive Simulations project at the University of Colorado has been working to provide learning tools for students and teachers. The project has developed over 85 interactive simulations--or sims--for teaching and learning science. Although these sims can be used in a variety of ways, they are specifically designed to make…
Towards a SIM-Less Existence: The Evolution of Smart Learning Networks
Al-Khouri, Ali M.
2015-01-01
This article proposes that the widespread availability of wireless networks creates a case in which there is no real need for SIM cards. Recent technological developments offer the capability to outperform SIM cards and provide more innovative dimensions to current systems of mobility. In this context of changing realities in the domain of…
TOF-SIMS Analysis of Red Color Inks of Writing and Printing Tools on Questioned Documents.
Lee, Jihye; Nam, Yun Sik; Min, Jisook; Lee, Kang-Bong; Lee, Yeonhee
2016-05-01
Time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS) is a well-established surface technique that provides both elemental and molecular information from several monolayers of a sample surface while also allowing depth profiling or image mapping to be performed. Static TOF-SIMS with improved performances has expanded the application of TOF-SIMS to the study of a variety of organic, polymeric, biological, archaeological, and forensic materials. In forensic investigation, the use of a minimal sample for the analysis is preferable. Although the TOF-SIMS technique is destructive, the probing beams have microsized diameters so that only small portion of the questioned sample is necessary for the analysis, leaving the rest available for other analyses. In this study, TOF-SIMS and attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) were applied to the analysis of several different pen inks, red sealing inks, and printed patterns on paper. The overlapping areas of ballpoint pen writing, red seal stamping, and laser printing in a document were investigated to identify the sequence of recording. The sequence relations for various cases were determined from the TOF-SIMS mapping image and the depth profile. TOF-SIMS images were also used to investigate numbers or characters altered with two different red pens. TOF-SIMS was successfully used to determine the sequence of intersecting lines and the forged numbers on the paper. © 2016 American Academy of Forensic Sciences.
The Pedagogical Benefits of "SimCity" in Urban Geography Education
Kim, Minsung; Shin, Jungyeop
2016-01-01
This article investigated the pedagogical potential of the "SimCity" simulation game in an urban geography course. University students used "SimCity" to build their own cities and applied a wide range of theories to support their urban structures. Moreover, the students critically evaluated the logic and functioning of the…
Processing irrelevant location information: practice and transfer effects in a Simon task.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Dan B Welch
Full Text Available How humans produce cognitively driven fine motor movements is a question of fundamental importance in how we interact with the world around us. For example, we are exposed to a constant stream of information and we must select the information that is most relevant by which to guide our actions. In the present study, we employed a well-known behavioral assay called the Simon task to better understand how humans are able to learn to filter out irrelevant information. We trained subjects for four days with a visual stimulus presented, alternately, in central and lateral locations. Subjects responded with one hand moving a joystick in either the left or right direction. They were instructed to ignore the irrelevant location information and respond based on color (e.g. red to the right and green to the left. On the fifth day, an additional testing session was conducted where the task changed and the subjects had to respond by shape (e.g. triangle to the right and rectangle to the left. They were instructed to ignore the color and location, and respond based solely on the task relevant shape. We found that the magnitude of the Simon effect decreases with training, however it returns in the first few trials after a break. Furthermore, task-defined associations between response direction and color did not significantly affect the Simon effect based on shape, and no significant associative learning from the specific stimulus-response features was found for the centrally located stimuli. We discuss how these results are consistent with a model involving route suppression/gating of the irrelevant location information. Much of the learning seems to be driven by subjects learning to suppress irrelevant location information, however, this seems to be an active inhibition process that requires a few trials of experience to engage.
Large N Chern-Simons with massive fundamental fermions — A model with no bound states
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Frishman, Yitzhak; Sonnenschein, Jacob
2014-01-01
In a previous paper http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/JHEP12(2013)091, we analyzed the theory of massive fermions in the fundamental representation coupled to a U(N) Chern-Simons gauge theory in three dimensions at level K. It was done in the large N, large K limits where λ=(N/K) was kept fixed. Among other results, we showed there that there are no high mass “quark anti-quark" bound states. Here we show that there are no bound states at all.
Two-dimensional Lorentz-Weyl anomaly and gravitational Chern-Simons theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Chamseddine, A.H.; Froehlich, J.
1992-01-01
Two-dimensional chiral fermions and bosons, more generally conformal blocks of two-dimensional conformal field theories, exhibit Weyl-, Lorentz- and mixed Lorentz-Weyl anomalies. A novel way of computing these anomalies for a system of chiral bosons of arbitrary conformal spin j is sketched. It is shown that the Lorentz- and mixed Lorentz-Weyl anomalies of these theories can be cancelled by the anomalies of a three-dimensional classical Chern-Simons action for the spin connection, expressed in terms of the dreibein field. Some tentative applications of this result to string theory are indicated. (orig.)
N = 4 Superconformal Chern-Simons theories with hyper and twisted hyper multiplets
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hosomichi, Kazuo; Lee, Ki-Myeong; Lee, Sungjay; Lee, Sangmin; Park, Jaemo
2008-01-01
We extend the N = 4 superconformal Chern-Simons theories of Gaiotto and Witten to those with additional twisted hyper-multiplets. The new theories are generically linear quiver gauge theories with the two types of hyper-multiplets alternating between gauge groups. Our construction includes the Bagger-Lambert model of SO(4) gauge group. A family of abelian theories are identified with those proposed earlier in the context of the M-crystal model for M2-branes probing (C 2 /Z n ) 2 orbifolds. Possible extension with non-abelian BF couplings and string/M-theory realization are briefly discussed.
Time dependent solitons of noncommutative Chern-Simons theory coupled to scalar fields
Hadasz, Leszek; Lindström, Ulf; Roček, Martin; von Unge, Rikard
2004-05-01
We study one- and two-soliton solutions of noncommutative Chern-Simons theory coupled to a nonrelativistic or a relativistic scalar field. In the nonrelativistic case, we find a tower of new stationary time-dependent solutions, all with the same charge density, but with increasing energies. The dynamics of these solitons cannot be studied using traditional moduli space techniques, but we do find a nontrivial symplectic form on the phase space indicating that the moduli space is not flat. In the relativistic case we find the metric on the two soliton moduli space.
Time dependent solitons of noncommutative Chern-Simons theory coupled to scalar fields
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hadasz, Leszek; Lindstroem, Ulf; Rocek, Martin; Unge, Rikard von
2004-01-01
We study one- and two-soliton solutions of noncommutative Chern-Simons theory coupled to a nonrelativistic or a relativistic scalar field. In the nonrelativistic case, we find a tower of new stationary time-dependent solutions, all with the same charge density, but with increasing energies. The dynamics of these solitons cannot be studied using traditional moduli space techniques, but we do find a nontrivial symplectic form on the phase space indicating that the moduli space is not flat. In the relativistic case we find the metric on the two soliton moduli space
From the Binet-Simon to the Wechsler-Bellevue: tracing the history of intelligence testing.
Boake, Corwin
2002-05-01
The history of David Wechsler's intelligence scales is reviewed by tracing the origins of the subtests in the 1939 Wechsler-Bellevue Intelligence Scale. The subtests originated from tests developed between 1880 and World War I, and was based on approaches to mental testing including anthropometrics, association psychology, the Binet-Simon scales, language-free performance testing of immigrants and school children, and group testing of military recruits. Wechsler's subtest selection can be understood partly from his clinical experiences during World War I. The structure of the Wechsler-Bellevue Scale, which introduced major innovations in intelligence testing, has remained almost unchanged through later revisions.
Higher derivative extensions of 3d Chern-Simons models: conservation laws and stability
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kaparulin, D.S.; Karataeva, I.Yu.; Lyakhovich, S.L.
2015-01-01
We consider the class of higher derivative 3d vector field models with the field equation operator being a polynomial of the Chern-Simons operator. For the nth-order theory of this type, we provide a general recipe for constructing n-parameter family of conserved second rank tensors. The family includes the canonical energy-momentum tensor, which is unbounded, while there are bounded conserved tensors that provide classical stability of the system for certain combinations of the parameters in the Lagrangian. We also demonstrate the examples of consistent interactions which are compatible with the requirement of stability. (orig.)
Non abelian Chern-Simons topological coupling from self-interaction
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Aragone, C.; Stephany, R.J.E.
1986-01-01
It is shown that the self-interaction mechanism drives in one step the topologically coupled-Maxwell-second rank antisymmetric tensor system into the Chern-Simons coupled -non abelian- (second rank) antisymmetric tensor action. Only one step is required to saturate the process because the action for the initial Maxwell-antisymmetric tensor system is given in its first-order form. The self-interaction mechanism works both for the original Chapline-Manton form of the action and for the dual form. (Author) [pt
Bound states in the (2+1)D scalar electrodynamics with Chern-Simons term
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gomes, M.O.C.; Malacarne, L.C.
1994-01-01
This work studies the existence of bound states for the 3-dimensions scalar electrodynamics, with the Chern-Simons. Quantum field theory is used for calculation of the M fi scattering matrices, in the non-relativistic approximation. The field propagators responsible for the interaction in the scattering processes have been calculated, and scattering matrices have been constructed. After obtaining the scattering matrix, the cross section in the quantum field theory has been compared with the quantum mechanic cross section in the Born approximation, allowing to obtain the form of the potential responsible for the interactions in the scattering processes. The possibility of bound states are analyzed by using the Schroedinger equation
Perturbed Chern-Simons theory, fractional statistics, and Yang-Baxter algebra
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Chatterjee, A.; Sreedhar, V.V.
1992-01-01
Topological Chern-Simons theory coupled to matter fields is analysed in the framework of Dirac's method of quantising constrained systems in a general class of linear, non-local gauges. We show that in the weak coupling limit gauge invariant operators in the theory transform under an exchange according to a higher dimensional representation of the braid group which is built out of the fundamental representation matrices of the gauge group and thus behave like anyons. We also discover new solutions of the Yang-Baxter equation which emerges as a consistency condition on the structure functions of the operator algebra of the matter fields. (orig.)
OSp(5|4) superconformal symmetry of N=5 Chern–Simons theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Chen, Fa-Min
2013-01-01
We demonstrate that the general D=3, N=5 Chern–Simons matter theory possesses a full OSp(5|4) superconformal symmetry, and construct the corresponding superconformal currents. The closure of the superconformal algebra is verified in detail. We also show that the conserved OSp(6|4) superconformal currents in the general N=6 theory can be obtained as special cases of the OSp(5|4) currents by enhancing the R-symmetry of the N=5 theory from USp(4) to SU(4)
On the role of the Chern-Simons action for the description of the QHE
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Cabo, A.; Oliva, D.
1990-05-01
The role of the Chern-Simons action in the description of the quantum Hall effects is stressed. The 2D-electromagnetic picture of Widom and Srivastava is shown to be valid in a superlattice of 2D-electron gases. A Meissner-like effect appears in such systems. In them, the difference between the external and the integer filling factor fields is exponentially screened by the surface (edge) currents. Also, effective Maxwell equations for one sheet or a superlattice are obtained. (author). 21 refs
Mimetic discretization of the Abelian Chern-Simons theory and link invariants
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Di Bartolo, Cayetano; Grau, Javier [Departamento de Física, Universidad Simón Bolívar, Apartado Postal 89000, Caracas 1080-A (Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of); Leal, Lorenzo [Departamento de Física, Universidad Simón Bolívar, Apartado Postal 89000, Caracas 1080-A (Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of); Centro de Física Teórica y Computacional, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Central de Venezuela, Apartado Postal 47270, Caracas 1041-A (Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of)
2013-12-15
A mimetic discretization of the Abelian Chern-Simons theory is presented. The study relies on the formulation of a theory of differential forms in the lattice, including a consistent definition of the Hodge duality operation. Explicit expressions for the Gauss Linking Number in the lattice, which correspond to their continuum counterparts are given. A discussion of the discretization of metric structures in the space of transverse vector densities is presented. The study of these metrics could serve to obtain explicit formulae for knot an link invariants in the lattice.
BRST Formalism in Self-Dual Chern-Simons Theory with Matter Fields
Dai, Jialiang; Fan, Engui
2018-04-01
We apply BRST method to the self-dual Chern-Simons gauge theory with matter fields and the generators of symmetries of the system from an elegant Lie algebra structure under the operation of Poisson bracket. We discuss four different cases: abelian, nonabelian, relativistic, and nonrelativistic situations and extend the system to the whole phase space including ghost fields. In addition, we obtain the BRST charge of the field system and check its nilpotence of the BRST transformation which plays an important role such as in topological quantum field theory and string theory.
La estructura del poder en la "Mémoires" de Saint-Simon
Robles Vázquez, Carmen
2004-01-01
Análisis de las diferentes formas en que Saint-Simon presenta en sus Memorias el poder, y de qué manera se manifiesta éste en sus aspectos económicos, políticos, religiosos, familiares y sociales, tanto durante los últimos años del reinado de Luis XIV como durante la regencia de Felipe de Orleáns en una sociedad teocrática y absolutista, fuertemente jerarquizada, característica del Antiguo Régimen.
A Chern-Simons-like action for closed-string field theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Taylor, C.C.
1989-01-01
A Chern-Simons-like action is proposed for closed-string field theory. The action involves auxiliary fields of arbitrary ghost number and is defined in terms of the closed-string operations ∫, Q and *, analogous to those introduced by Witten in the construction of open-string field theory. The action is an extension of one proposed for free closed strings and bears a formal relationship to 2 + 1 gravity analogous to that between open-string field theory and (2 + 1)-dimensional Yang-Mills theory. (author)
Gravitational waves from quasicircular black-hole binaries in dynamical Chern-Simons gravity.
Yagi, Kent; Yunes, Nicolás; Tanaka, Takahiro
2012-12-21
Dynamical Chern-Simons gravity cannot be strongly constrained with current experiments because it reduces to general relativity in the weak-field limit. This theory, however, introduces modifications in the nonlinear, dynamical regime, and thus it could be greatly constrained with gravitational waves from the late inspiral of black-hole binaries. We complete the first self-consistent calculation of such gravitational waves in this theory. For favorable spin orientations, advanced ground-based detectors may improve existing solar system constraints by 6 orders of magnitude.
A Chern-Simons gauge-fixed Lagrangian in a 'non-canonical' BRST approach
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Constantinescu, R; Ionescu, C
2009-01-01
This paper presents a possible path which starts from the extended BRST Hamiltonian formalism and ends with a covariant Lagrangian action, using the equivalence between the two formalisms. The approach allows a simple account of the form of the master equation and offers a natural identification of some 'non-canonical' operators and variables. These are the main items which solve the major difficulty of the extended BRST Lagrangian formalism, i.e., the gauge-fixing problem. The algorithm we propose applies to a non-Abelian Chern-Simons model coupled with Dirac fields
A generalized action for (2 + 1)-dimensional Chern–Simons gravity
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Díaz, J; Fierro, O; Merino, N; Salgado, P; Valdivia, O; Izaurieta, F; Rodriguez, E
2012-01-01
We show that the so-called semi-simple extended Poincaré (SSEP) algebra in D dimensions can be obtained from the anti-de Sitter algebra so(D-1,2) by means of the S-expansion procedure with an appropriate semigroup S. A general prescription is given for computing Casimir operators for S-expanded algebras, and the method is exemplified for the SSEP algebra. The S-expansion method also allows us to extract the corresponding invariant tensor for the SSEP algebra, which is a key ingredient in the construction of a generalized action for Chern–Simons gravity in (2 + 1) dimensions. (paper)
Observables, skein relations, and tetrahedra in Chern-Simons gauge theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Martin, S.P.
1990-01-01
The observables in three-dimensional Chern-Simons gauge theory are Wilson lines and Wilson graphs. Skein relations are non-trivial identities between expectation values of distinct Wilson graphs. We discuss various kinds of skein relations and the relationships between them. By comparing different kinds of skein relations, we show how to calculate the expectation value of a general tetrahedral Wilson graph. This is shown to be the last and most difficult step in a systematic procedure for calculating the expectation values of arbitrary Wilson graphs in arbitrary representations of arbitrary gauge groups. (orig.)
Effective actions for gauge theories with Chern-Simons terms - I
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bambah, B.A.; Mukku, C.
1989-01-01
The effective Lagrangian for a three-dimensional gauge theory with a Chern-Simons term is evaluated upto one-loop effects. It is shown to be completely finite. It also does not exhibit any imaginary part. The calculation is carried out in a background field analogue of the Feynman gauge and gauge invariance is maintained throughout the calculation. In an appendix an argument is presented as to why this Feynman gauge may be a 'good' gauge for our results to be applied to high temperature QCD and in particular to the quark-gluon plasma. (author). 12 refs
Charges and Energy in Chern-Simons Theories and Lovelock Gravity
Allemandi, G.; Francaviglia, M.; Raiteri, M.
2003-01-01
Starting from the SO(2,2n) Chern-Simons form in (2n+1) dimensions we calculate the variation of conserved quantities in Lovelock gravity and Lovelock-Maxwell gravity through the covariant formalism developed in gr-qc/0305047. Despite the technical complexity of the Lovelock Lagrangian we obtain a remarkably simple expression for the variation of the charges ensuing from the diffeomorphism covariance of the theory. The viability of the result is tested in specific applications and the formal e...
Critical remarks on Simon Caney's humanity- centered approach to global justice
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Julian Culp
2016-09-01
The practice-independent approach to theorizing justice (PIA holds that the social practices to which a particular conception of justice is meant to apply are of no importance for the justification of such a conception. In this paper I argue that this approach to theorizing justice is incompatible with the method of reflective equilibrium (MRE because the MRE is antithetical to a clean separation between issues of justification and application. In particular I will be maintaining that this incompatibility renders Simon Caney’s cosmopolitan theory of global justice inconsistent, because Caney claims to endorse both a humanity-centered PIA and the MRE.
Chandra, Subhash
2008-12-01
Secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) based imaging techniques capable of subcellular resolution characterization of elements and molecules are becoming valuable tools in many areas of biology and medicine. Due to high vacuum requirements of SIMS, the live cells cannot be analyzed directly in the instrument. The sample preparation, therefore, plays a critical role in preserving the native chemical composition for SIMS analysis. This work focuses on the evaluation of frozen-hydrated and frozen freeze-dried sample preparations for SIMS studies of cultured cells with a CAMECA IMS-3f dynamic SIMS ion microscope instrument capable of producing SIMS images with a spatial resolution of 500 nm. The sandwich freeze-fracture method was used for fracturing the cells. The complimentary fracture planes in the plasma membrane were characterized by field-emission secondary electron microscopy (FESEM) in the frozen-hydrated state. The cells fractured at the dorsal surface were used for SIMS analysis. The frozen-hydrated SIMS analysis of individual cells under dynamic primary ion beam (O 2+) revealed local secondary ion signal enhancements correlated with the water image signals of 19(H 3O) +. A preferential removal of water from the frozen cell matrix in the Z-axis was also observed. These complications render the frozen-hydrated sample type less desirable for subcellular dynamic SIMS studies. The freeze-drying of frozen-hydrated cells, either inside the instrument or externally in a freeze-drier, allowed SIMS imaging of subcellular chemical composition. Morphological evaluations of fractured freeze-dried cells with SEM and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) revealed well-preserved mitochondria, Golgi apparatus, and stress fibers. SIMS analysis of fractured freeze-dried cells revealed well-preserved chemical composition of even the most highly diffusible ions like K + and Na + in physiologically relevant concentrations. The high K-low Na signature in individual cells
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Chandra, Subhash
2008-01-01
Secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) based imaging techniques capable of subcellular resolution characterization of elements and molecules are becoming valuable tools in many areas of biology and medicine. Due to high vacuum requirements of SIMS, the live cells cannot be analyzed directly in the instrument. The sample preparation, therefore, plays a critical role in preserving the native chemical composition for SIMS analysis. This work focuses on the evaluation of frozen-hydrated and frozen freeze-dried sample preparations for SIMS studies of cultured cells with a CAMECA IMS-3f dynamic SIMS ion microscope instrument capable of producing SIMS images with a spatial resolution of 500 nm. The sandwich freeze-fracture method was used for fracturing the cells. The complimentary fracture planes in the plasma membrane were characterized by field-emission secondary electron microscopy (FESEM) in the frozen-hydrated state. The cells fractured at the dorsal surface were used for SIMS analysis. The frozen-hydrated SIMS analysis of individual cells under dynamic primary ion beam (O 2 + ) revealed local secondary ion signal enhancements correlated with the water image signals of 19 (H 3 O) + . A preferential removal of water from the frozen cell matrix in the Z-axis was also observed. These complications render the frozen-hydrated sample type less desirable for subcellular dynamic SIMS studies. The freeze-drying of frozen-hydrated cells, either inside the instrument or externally in a freeze-drier, allowed SIMS imaging of subcellular chemical composition. Morphological evaluations of fractured freeze-dried cells with SEM and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) revealed well-preserved mitochondria, Golgi apparatus, and stress fibers. SIMS analysis of fractured freeze-dried cells revealed well-preserved chemical composition of even the most highly diffusible ions like K + and Na + in physiologically relevant concentrations. The high K-low Na signature in individual cells
Subcellular boron and fluorine distributions with SIMS ion microscopy in BNCT and cancer research
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Subhash Chandra
2008-05-30
The development of a secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) based technique of Ion Microscopy in boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) was the main goal of this project, so that one can study the subcellular location of boron-10 atoms and their partitioning between the normal and cancerous tissue. This information is fundamental for the screening of boronated drugs appropriate for neutron capture therapy of cancer. Our studies at Cornell concentrated mainly on studies of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). The early years of the grant were dedicated to the development of cryogenic methods and correlative microscopic approaches so that a reliable subcellular analysis of boron-10 atoms can be made with SIMS. In later years SIMS was applied to animal models and human tissues of GBM for studying the efficacy of potential boronated agents in BNCT. Under this grant the SIMS program at Cornell attained a new level of excellence and collaborative SIMS studies were published with leading BNCT researchers in the U.S.
Development of a TOF SIMS setup at the Zagreb heavy ion microbeam facility
Tadić, Tonči; Bogdanović Radović, Iva; Siketić, Zdravko; Cosic, Donny Domagoj; Skukan, Natko; Jakšić, Milko; Matsuo, Jiro
2014-08-01
We describe a new Time-of-flight Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (TOF SIMS) setup for MeV SIMS application, which is constructed and installed at the heavy ion microbeam facility at the Ruđer Bošković Institute in Zagreb. The TOF-SIMS setup is developed for high sensitivity molecular imaging using a heavy ion microbeam that focuses ion beams (from C to I) with sub-micron resolution. Dedicated pulse processing electronics for MeV SIMS application have been developed, enabling microbeam-scanning control, incoming ion microbeam pulsing and molecular mapping. The first results showing measured MeV SIMS spectra as well as molecular maps for samples of interest are presented and discussed.
Development of a TOF SIMS setup at the Zagreb heavy ion microbeam facility
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Tadić, Tonči; Bogdanović Radović, Iva; Siketić, Zdravko; Cosic, Donny Domagoj; Skukan, Natko; Jakšić, Milko; Matsuo, Jiro
2014-01-01
We describe a new Time-of-flight Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (TOF SIMS) setup for MeV SIMS application, which is constructed and installed at the heavy ion microbeam facility at the Ruđer Bošković Institute in Zagreb. The TOF-SIMS setup is developed for high sensitivity molecular imaging using a heavy ion microbeam that focuses ion beams (from C to I) with sub-micron resolution. Dedicated pulse processing electronics for MeV SIMS application have been developed, enabling microbeam-scanning control, incoming ion microbeam pulsing and molecular mapping. The first results showing measured MeV SIMS spectra as well as molecular maps for samples of interest are presented and discussed
The combined measurement of uranium by alpha spectrometry and secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Harvan, D.
2009-01-01
The aim of thesis was to found the dependence between radiometric method - alpha spectrometry and surface sensitive method - Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS). Uranium or naturally occurring uranium isotopes were studied. Samples (high polished stainless steel discs) with uranium isotopes were prepared by electrodeposition. Samples were measured by alpha spectrometry after electrodeposition and treatment. It gives surface activities. Weights, as well as surface's weights of uranium isotopes were calculated from their activities, After alpha spectrometry samples were analyzed by TOF-SIMS IV instrument in International Laser Centre in Bratislava. By the SIMS analysis intensities of uranium-238 were obtained. The interpretation of SIMS intensities vs. surface activity, or surface's weights of uranium isotopes indicates the possibility to use SIMS in quantitative analysis of surface contamination by uranium isotopes, especially 238 U. (author)
The eponymous Dr James Marion Sims MD, LLD (1813-1883).
West, M J; Irvine, L M
2015-02-01
Dr James Marion Sims was born in 1813 in Lancaster County, South Carolina. It was while pioneering numerous surgical procedures in Alabama that in 1849 he achieved the outstanding landmark in medical history of successfully, and consistently, repairing vesicovaginal fistulae. Sims soon developed a reputation as a fine surgeon, with new operations and techniques, using novel surgical instruments and his innovative approaches frequently published. Moving to New York City in 1853, he further established hospitals devoted entirely to women's health. Sims was controversial, with flamboyant descriptions of self-confident success, yet they were tempered with sober reflection of failure and loss. Today we remain with the Sims speculum and Sims position, eponymous tributes to his accomplishments as the 'Father of Gynaecology'. © The Author(s) 2013 Reprints and permissions: sagepub.co.uk/journalsPermissions.nav.
WEC-SIM Phase 1 Validation Testing -- Numerical Modeling of Experiments: Preprint
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ruehl, Kelley; Michelen, Carlos; Bosma, Bret; Yu, Yi-Hsiang
2016-08-01
The Wave Energy Converter Simulator (WEC-Sim) is an open-source code jointly developed by Sandia National Laboratories and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. It is used to model wave energy converters subjected to operational and extreme waves. In order for the WEC-Sim code to be beneficial to the wave energy community, code verification and physical model validation is necessary. This paper describes numerical modeling of the wave tank testing for the 1:33-scale experimental testing of the floating oscillating surge wave energy converter. The comparison between WEC-Sim and the Phase 1 experimental data set serves as code validation. This paper is a follow-up to the WEC-Sim paper on experimental testing, and describes the WEC-Sim numerical simulations for the floating oscillating surge wave energy converter.
Rapid characterisation of surface modifications and treatments using a benchtop SIMS instrument
McPhail, D. S.; Sokhan, M.; Rees, E. E.; Cliff, B.; Eccles, A. J.; Chater, R. J.
2004-06-01
The development of a novel benchtop SIMS instrument (Millbrook MiniSIMS) [Appl. Surf. Sci. 144 (1999) 106] has brought routine SIMS analysis to many new users, for example museum conservators. This is a result of the simple operation and the relatively low capital cost of the instrument. We report here on the continued development of the system in terms of increasing performance and functionality and its use in museum conservation based applications where a mobile instrument for high throughput, rapid SIMS analysis has proven to be of great benefit to the user. The example we describe here is the application of the MiniSIMS to the analysis of silver thread woven into a silk dress before and after laser cleaning.
Subcellular boron and fluorine distributions with SIMS ion microscopy in BNCT and cancer research
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Subhash, Chandra
2008-01-01
The development of a secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) based technique of Ion Microscopy in boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) was the main goal of this project, so that one can study the subcellular location of boron-10 atoms and their partitioning between the normal and cancerous tissue. This information is fundamental for the screening of boronated drugs appropriate for neutron capture therapy of cancer. Our studies at Cornell concentrated mainly on studies of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). The early years of the grant were dedicated to the development of cryogenic methods and correlative microscopic approaches so that a reliable subcellular analysis of boron-10 atoms can be made with SIMS. In later years SIMS was applied to animal models and human tissues of GBM for studying the efficacy of potential boronated agents in BNCT. Under this grant the SIMS program at Cornell attained a new level of excellence and collaborative SIMS studies were published with leading BNCT researchers in the U.S.
Fracture network modeling and GoldSim simulation support
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sugita, Kenichiro; Dershowitz, William
2004-01-01
During Heisei-15, Golder Associates provided support for JNC Tokai through discrete fracture network data analysis and simulation of the MIU Underground Rock Laboratory, participation in Task 6 of the Aespoe Task Force on Modelling of Groundwater Flow and Transport, and development of methodologies for analysis of repository site characterization strategies and safety assessment. MIU Underground Rock Laboratory support during H-15 involved development of new discrete fracture network (DFN) models for the MIU Shoba-sama Site, in the region of shaft development. Golder developed three DFN models for the site using discrete fracture network, equivalent porous medium (EPM), and nested DFN/EPM approaches. Each of these models were compared based upon criteria established for the multiple modeling project (MMP). Golder supported JNC participation in Task 6AB, 6D and 6E of the Aespoe Task Force on Modelling of Groundwater Flow and Transport during H-15. For Task 6AB, Golder implemented an updated microstructural model in GoldSim, and used this updated model to simulate the propagation of uncertainty from experimental to safety assessment time scales, for 5 m scale transport path lengths. Task 6D and 6E compared safety assessment (PA) and experimental time scale simulations in a 200 m scale discrete fracture network. For Task 6D, Golder implemented a DFN model using FracMan/PA Works, and determined the sensitivity of solute transport to a range of material property and geometric assumptions. For Task 6E, Golder carried out demonstration FracMan/PA Works transport calculations at a 1 million year time scale, to ensure that task specifications are realistic. The majority of work for Task 6E will be carried out during H-16. During H-15, Golder supported JNC's Total System Performance Assessment (TSPO) strategy by developing technologies for the analysis of precipitant concentration. These approaches were based on the GoldSim precipitant data management features, and were
Wilson loops in 3-dimensional N = 6 supersymmetric Chern-Simons theory and their string theory duals
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Drukker, Nadav; Plefka, Jan; Young, Donovan
2008-01-01
We study Wilson loops in the three-dimensional N = 6 supersymmetric Chern-Simons theory recently constructed by Aharony, Bergman, Jafferis and Maldacena, that is conjectured to be dual to type IIA string theory on AdS 4 x CP 3 . We construct loop operators in the Chern-Simons theory which preserve 1/6 of the supercharges and calculate their expectation value up to 2-loop order at weak coupling. The expectation value at strong coupling is found by constructing the string theory duals of these operators. For low dimensional representations these are fundamental strings, for high dimensional representations these are D2-branes and D6-branes. In support of this identification we demonstrate that these string theory solutions match the symmetries, charges and the preserved supersymmetries of their Chern-Simons theory counterparts.
TOF-SIMS investigation of Streptomyces coelicolor, a mycelial bacterium
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Vaidyanathan, Seetharaman; Fletcher, John S.; Lockyer, Nicholas P.; Vickerman, John C.
2008-01-01
Streptomyces coelicolor is a mycelial microorganism that produces several secondary metabolites, including antibiotics. The physiology of the organism has largely been investigated in liquid cultures due to ease of monitoring different physiological parameters and more homogeneous culture conditions. However, solid cultures reflect the natural physiology of the microorganism better, given that in its natural state it grows in the soil. Imaging mass spectrometry with TOF-SIMS and C 60 + primary ion beams offers a potential route to studying chemical changes at the molecular level, both intracellular and extracellular that can help in understanding the natural physiology of the microorganism. Here, we report the application of the technique for studying the lateral distribution of the chemical species detected in a population, grown in both liquid and solid cultures. The capability of the technique for studying biological systems with minimal system intervention is demonstrated.
TOF-SIMS investigation of Streptomyces coelicolor, a mycelial bacterium
Vaidyanathan, Seetharaman; Fletcher, John S.; Lockyer, Nicholas P.; Vickerman, John C.
2008-12-01
Streptomyces coelicolor is a mycelial microorganism that produces several secondary metabolites, including antibiotics. The physiology of the organism has largely been investigated in liquid cultures due to ease of monitoring different physiological parameters and more homogeneous culture conditions. However, solid cultures reflect the natural physiology of the microorganism better, given that in its natural state it grows in the soil. Imaging mass spectrometry with TOF-SIMS and C 60+ primary ion beams offers a potential route to studying chemical changes at the molecular level, both intracellular and extracellular that can help in understanding the natural physiology of the microorganism. Here, we report the application of the technique for studying the lateral distribution of the chemical species detected in a population, grown in both liquid and solid cultures. The capability of the technique for studying biological systems with minimal system intervention is demonstrated.
Multielement analysis of interplanetary dust particles using TOF-SIMS
Stephan, T.; Kloeck, W.; Jessberger, E. K.; Rulle, H.; Zehnpfenning, J.
1993-01-01
Sections of three stratospheric particles (U2015G1, W7029*A27, and L2005P9) were analyzed with TOF-SIMS (Time Of Flight-Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry) continuing our efforts to investigate the element distribution in interplanetary dust particles (IDP's) with high lateral resolution (approximately 0.2 micron), to examine possible atmospheric contamination effects, and to further explore the abilities of this technique for element analysis of small samples. The samples, previously investigated with SXRF (synchrotron X-ray fluorescence analysis), are highly enriched in Br (Br/Fe: 59 x CI, 9.2 x CI, and 116 x CI, respectively). U2015G1 is the IDP with the by far highest Zn/Fe-ratio (81 x CI) ever reported in chondritic particles.
Li Isotope Studies of Olivine in Mantle Xenoliths by SIMS
Bell, D. R.; Hervig, R. L.; Buseck, P. R.
2005-01-01
Variations in the ratio of the stable isotopes of Li are a potentially powerful tracer of processes in planetary and nebular environments [1]. Large differences in the 7Li/6Li ratio between the terrestrial upper mantle and various crustal materials make Li isotope composition a potentially powerful tracer of crustal recycling processes on Earth [2]. Recent SIMS studies of terrestrial mantle and Martian meteorite samples report intra-mineral Li isotope zoning [3-5]. Substantial Li isotope heterogeneity also exists within and between the components of chondritic meteorites [6,7]. Experimental studies of Li diffusion suggest the potential for rapid isotope exchange at elevated temperatures [8]. Large variations in 7Li, exceeding the range of unaltered basalts, occur in terrestrial mantle-derived xenoliths from individual localities [9]. The origins of these variations are not fully understood.
Morfoanatomia de folhas e caules de Passiflora edulis Sims, Passifloraceae
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Josseara Beraldo
Full Text Available Passiflora edulis Sims, espécie vegetal empregada na medicina popular e amplamente cultivada no território nacional, tem suas folhas e seus caules, muitas vezes utilizados como adulterante de amostras comerciais da droga vegetal oficializada no país também conhecida como maracujá, Passiflora alata Curtis. Caracteres morfoanatômicos de folhas e de caules de P. edulis, foram descritos e documentados. Dentre os caracteres auxiliares na distinção entre a droga oficial e os órgãos aéreos de P. edulis podem-se destacar o contorno da lâmina foliar, a forma da nervura mediana em secção transversal, o número e a localização de nectários extraflorais e, o indumento
2013-02-06
....; Blanchester Plant, Including On-Site Leased Workers From Adecco and Sims Bros., Inc.; Blanchester, OH; Amended... workers from Sims Bros., Inc. were working on-site at the subject firm during the relevant period and that the services supplied by Sims Bros., Inc. were related to the production of gear boxes (and parts...
Flat connections in three-manifolds and classical ChernâSimons invariant
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Enore Guadagnini
2017-12-01
Full Text Available A general method for the construction of smooth flat connections on 3-manifolds is introduced. The procedure is strictly connected with the deduction of the fundamental group of a manifold M by means of a Heegaard splitting presentation of M. For any given matrix representation of the fundamental group of M, a corresponding flat connection A on M is specified. It is shown that the associated classical ChernâSimons invariant assumes then a canonical form which is given by the sum of two contributions: the first term is determined by the intersections of the curves in the Heegaard diagram, and the second term is the volume of a region in the representation group which is determined by the representation of Ï1(M and by the Heegaard gluing homeomorphism. Examples of flat connections in topologically nontrivial manifolds are presented and the computations of the associated classical ChernâSimons invariants are illustrated.
Experimental realization of a one-way quantum computer algorithm solving Simon's problem.
Tame, M S; Bell, B A; Di Franco, C; Wadsworth, W J; Rarity, J G
2014-11-14
We report an experimental demonstration of a one-way implementation of a quantum algorithm solving Simon's problem-a black-box period-finding problem that has an exponential gap between the classical and quantum runtime. Using an all-optical setup and modifying the bases of single-qubit measurements on a five-qubit cluster state, key representative functions of the logical two-qubit version's black box can be queried and solved. To the best of our knowledge, this work represents the first experimental realization of the quantum algorithm solving Simon's problem. The experimental results are in excellent agreement with the theoretical model, demonstrating the successful performance of the algorithm. With a view to scaling up to larger numbers of qubits, we analyze the resource requirements for an n-qubit version. This work helps highlight how one-way quantum computing provides a practical route to experimentally investigating the quantum-classical gap in the query complexity model.
From Lorentz-Chern-Simons to Massive Gravity in 2+1 dimensions
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Pino, Simón del [Instituto de Física, Facultad de Ciencias, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso,Av. Universidad 330, Curauma, Valparaíso (Chile); Giribet, Gaston [Physique Théorique et Mathématique, Université Libre de Bruxelles andInternational Solvay Institutes,Campus Plaine C.P. 231, Bruxelles, B-1050 (Belgium); Departamento de Física, Universidad de Buenos Aires and IFIBA-CONICET,Ciudad Universitaria, Pabellón I, Buenos Aires, 1428 (Argentina); Instituto de Física, Facultad de Ciencias, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso,Av. Universidad 330, Curauma, Valparaíso (Chile); Toloza, Adolfo [Instituto de Física, Facultad de Ciencias, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso,Av. Universidad 330, Curauma, Valparaíso (Chile); Centro de Estudios Científicos CECs,Arturo Prat 514, Valdivia (Chile); Zanelli, Jorge [Centro de Estudios Científicos CECs,Arturo Prat 514, Valdivia (Chile)
2015-06-17
We propose a generalization of Chiral Gravity, which follows from considering a Chern-Simons action for the spin connection with anti-symmetric contorsion. The theory corresponds to Topologically Massive Gravity at the chiral point non-minimally coupled to an additional scalar mode that gathers the torsion degree of freedom. In this setup, the effective cosmological constant (the inverse of the curvature radius of maximally symmetric solutions) is either negative or zero, and it enters as an integration constant associated to the value of the contorsion at infinity. We explain how this is not in conflict with the Zamolodchikov’s c-theorem holding in the dual boundary theory. In fact, we conjecture that the theory formulated about three-dimensional Anti-de Sitter space is dual to a two-dimensional conformal field theory whose right- and left-moving central charges are given by c{sub R}=24k and c{sub L}=0, respectively, being k the level of the Chern-Simons action. We study the classical theory both at the linear and non-linear level. In particular, we show how Chiral Gravity is included as a special sector. In addition, the theory has other sectors, which we explore; we exhibit analytic exact solutions that are not solutions of Topologically Massive Gravity (and, consequently, neither of General Relativity) and still satisfy Brown-Henneaux asymptotically AdS{sub 3} boundary conditions.
The self in conflict: actors and agency in the mediated sequential Simon task.
Spapé, Michiel M; Ahmed, Imtiaj; Jacucci, Giulio; Ravaja, Niklas
2015-01-01
Executive control refers to the ability to withstand interference in order to achieve task goals. The effect of conflict adaptation describes that after experiencing interference, subsequent conflict effects are weaker. However, changes in the source of conflict have been found to disrupt conflict adaptation. Previous studies indicated that this specificity is determined by the degree to which one source causes episodic retrieval of a previous source. A virtual reality version of the Simon task was employed to investigate whether changes in a visual representation of the self would similarly affect conflict adaptation. Participants engaged in a mediated Simon task via 3D "avatar" models that either mirrored the participants' movements, or were presented statically. A retrieval cue was implemented as the identity of the avatar: switching it from a male to a female avatar was expected to disrupt the conflict adaptation effect (CAE). The results show that only in static conditions did the CAE depend on the avatar identity, while in dynamic conditions, changes did not cause disruption. We also explored the effect of conflict and adaptation on the degree of movement made with the task-irrelevant hand and replicated the reaction time pattern. The findings add to earlier studies of source-specific conflict adaptation by showing that a visual representation of the self in action can provide a cue that determines episodic retrieval. Furthermore, the novel paradigm is made openly available to the scientific community and is described in its significance for studies of social cognition, cognitive psychology, and human-computer interaction.
ectures de l’espace dans Un vent prodigue de Simone Chaput
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Anne Sechin
2015-11-01
Full Text Available Le dernier roman de Simone Chaput, Un vent prodigue, nous présente l’entrelacs conflictuel de cadrages contemporains effectué par les quatre personnages sur les paysages, et illustre ainsi la problématique très actuelle du difficile positionnement du sujet par rapport à la « nature » dans un sens très large. Ce cadrage traduit, comme une sorte de prisme ou de filtre, le mode de relation au monde : le positionnement du sujet (son inscription, son détachement, son bagage (culturel et historique, ontologique et épistémologique par rapport au monde, et plus largement l’interaction entre la Terre et l’humain. The four main characters in Simone Chaput’s latest novel, Un vent prodigue, are, each in their own way, centering the landscapes that surround them. Each one embodies a specific mode of being in relation with the world, thus illustrating the difficult matter of how the subject ought to position itself towards “nature”. Their focus reveals this mode of being, whether the subject choses to be part of the world or outside of it, which also reveals their cultural, historical, ontological and epistemological values and, in a broader sense, questions the modes of interaction between humans and the Earth.
Exploring social influences on the joint Simon task: Empathy and friendship
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ruth eFord
2015-07-01
Full Text Available Tasks for which people must act together to achieve a goal are a feature of daily life. The present study explored social influences on joint action using a Simon procedure for which participants (n=44 were confronted with a series of images of hands and asked to respond via button press whenever the index finger wore a ring of a certain colour (red or green regardless of pointing direction (left or right. In an initial joint condition they performed the task while sitting next to another person (friend or stranger who responded to the other colour. In a subsequent individual condition they repeated the task on their own; additionally, they completed self-report tests of empathy. Consistent with past research, participants reacted more quickly when the finger pointed towards them rather than their co-actor (the Simon Effect or SE. The effect remained robust when the co-actor was no longer present and was unaffected by degree of acquaintance; however, its magnitude was correlated positively with empathy only among friends. For friends, the SE was predicted by cognitive perspective taking when the co-actor was present and by propensity for fantasizing when the co-actor was absent. We discuss these findings in relation to social accounts (e.g., task co-representation and non-social accounts (e.g., referential coding of joint action.
Hydrodynamic electron flow in a Weyl semimetal slab: Role of Chern-Simons terms
Gorbar, E. V.; Miransky, V. A.; Shovkovy, I. A.; Sukhachov, P. O.
2018-05-01
The hydrodynamic flow of the chiral electron fluid in a Weyl semimetal slab of finite thickness is studied by using the consistent hydrodynamic theory. The latter includes viscous, anomalous, and vortical effects, as well as accounts for dynamical electromagnetism. The energy and momentum separations between the Weyl nodes are taken into account via the topological Chern-Simons contributions in the electric current and charge densities in Maxwell's equations. When an external electric field is applied parallel to the slab, it is found that the electron fluid velocity has a nonuniform profile determined by the viscosity and the no-slip boundary conditions. Most remarkably, the fluid velocity field develops a nonzero component across the slab that gradually dissipates when approaching the surfaces. This abnormal component of the flow arises due to the anomalous Hall voltage induced by the topological Chern-Simons current. Another signature feature of the hydrodynamics in Weyl semimetals is a strong modification of the anomalous Hall current along the slab in the direction perpendicular to the applied electric field. Additionally, it is found that the topological current induces an electric potential difference between the surfaces of the slab that is strongly affected by the hydrodynamic flow.
Bonaldo, Alexandre B; Lise, Arno A; RamÍrez, MartÍn J; Saturnino, Regiane
2018-02-21
Six new species of the genus Eutichurus Simon, 1897 are described: E. murgai new species (based on male and female) and E. paredesi new species (male) from Peru; E. cumbia new species (female) and E. tequendama new species (male) from Colombia; E. yungas new species (male and female) from Bolivia, and E. nancyae new species (male and female) from Brazil. The males of E. marquesae Bonaldo, 1994, E. madre Bonaldo, 1994 and E. zarate Bonaldo, 1994 are described for the first time. Eutichurus brescoviti Bonaldo, 1994, described on males, is synonymized with E. tropicus (L. Koch, 1866), previously known only from females. New records for E. ibiuna Bonaldo, 1994, E. ravidus Simon, 1897, E. putus O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1898, E. silvae Bonaldo, 1994, E. lizeri Mello-Leitão, 1938, E. saylapampa Bonaldo, 1994, E. tropicus and E. manu Bonaldo, 1994 are presented. A key to all species of Eutichurus is provided, variation in the epigynal morphology of E. ibiuna is recorded and the fine morphology of E. marquesae is documented.
Derivation of the Verlinde formula from Chern-Simons theory and the G/G model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Blau, M.; Thompson, G.
1993-01-01
We give a derivation of the Verlinde formula for the G k WZW model from Chern-Simons theory, without taking recourse to CFT, by calculating explicitly the partition function Z ΣxS 1 of Σ x S 1 with an arbitrary number of labelled punctures. By what is essentially a suitable gauge choice, Z ΣxS 1 is reduced to the partition function of an abelian topological field theory on Σ (a deformation of non-abelian BF and Yang-Mills theory) whose evaluation is straightforward. This relates the Verlinde formula to the Ray-Singer torsion of Σ x S 1 . We derive the G k /G k model from Chern-Simons theory, proving their equivalence, and give an alternative derivation of the Verlinde formula by calculating the G k /G k path integral via a functional version of the Weyl integral formula. From this point of view the Verlinde formula arises from the corresponding jacobian, the Weyl determinant. Also, a novel derivation of the shift k → k + h is given, based on the index of the twisted Dolbeault complex. (orig.)
Sex differences in the Simon task help to interpret sex differences in selective attention.
Stoet, Gijsbert
2017-05-01
In the last decade, a number of studies have reported sex differences in selective attention, but a unified explanation for these effects is still missing. This study aims to better understand these differences and put them in an evolutionary psychological context. 418 adult participants performed a computer-based Simon task, in which they responded to the direction of a left or right pointing arrow appearing left or right from a fixation point. Women were more strongly influenced by task-irrelevant spatial information than men (i.e., the Simon effect was larger in women, Cohen's d = 0.39). Further, the analysis of sex differences in behavioral adjustment to errors revealed that women slow down more than men following mistakes (d = 0.53). Based on the combined results of previous studies and the current data, it is proposed that sex differences in selective attention are caused by underlying sex differences in core abilities, such as spatial or verbal cognition.
SIMON [Semi-Intelligent Mobile Observing Navigator] combines radiation hardness with computer power
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Weber, P.J.; Vanecek, C.W.
1990-01-01
SIMON - the Semi-Intelligent Mobile Observing Navigator - has been under development at the US Department of Energy's (DoE's) Savannah River Laboratory for four years. The robot's on-board intelligence units are designed to be radiation-resistant, making it able to function for extended periods within a remotely operated facility. In its current form, SIMON is being developed by the laboratory's Robotics Group for use in the site's production reactors, but it can be adapted for use in any nuclear facility, including commercial reactors. The challenge for Savannah River Laboratory engineers was to eliminate the need for human inspection of certain components. To do this, they designed a robot that could do three things for reactor operators: measure radiation; measure temperature; and provide televised views inside the reactor facility. To be useful, the robot has to be extremely mobile, and its components had to be able to survive months without maintenance in the radiation, temperature and humidity encountered in nuclear facilities. The robot also had to be cost-effective. (author)
The Simons Array: expanding POLARBEAR to three multi-chroic telescopes
Arnold, K.; Stebor, N.; Ade, P. A. R.; Akiba, Y.; Anthony, A. E.; Atlas, M.; Barron, D.; Bender, A.; Boettger, D.; Borrill, J.; Chapman, S.; Chinone, Y.; Cukierman, A.; Dobbs, M.; Elleflot, T.; Errard, J.; Fabbian, G.; Feng, C.; Gilbert, A.; Goeckner-Wald, N.; Halverson, N. W.; Hasegawa, M.; Hattori, K.; Hazumi, M.; Holzapfel, W. L.; Hori, Y.; Inoue, Y.; Jaehnig, G. C.; Jaffe, A. H.; Katayama, N.; Keating, B.; Kermish, Z.; Keskitalo, R.; Kisner, T.; Le Jeune, M.; Lee, A. T.; Leitch, E. M.; Linder, E.; Matsuda, F.; Matsumura, T.; Meng, X.; Miller, N. J.; Morii, H.; Myers, M. J.; Navaroli, M.; Nishino, H.; Okamura, T.; Paar, H.; Peloton, J.; Poletti, D.; Raum, C.; Rebeiz, G.; Reichardt, C. L.; Richards, P. L.; Ross, C.; Rotermund, K. M.; Schenck, D. E.; Sherwin, B. D.; Shirley, I.; Sholl, M.; Siritanasak, P.; Smecher, G.; Steinbach, B.; Stompor, R.; Suzuki, A.; Suzuki, J.; Takada, S.; Takakura, S.; Tomaru, T.; Wilson, B.; Yadav, A.; Zahn, O.
2014-08-01
The Simons Array is an expansion of the POLARBEAR cosmic microwave background (CMB) polarization experiment currently observing from the Atacama Desert in Northern Chile. This expansion will create an array of three 3.5m telescopes each coupled to a multichroic bolometric receiver. The Simons Array will have the sensitivity to produce a >= 5σ detection of inationary gravitational waves with a tensor-to-scalar ratio r >= 0:01, detect the known minimum 58 meV sum of the neutrino masses with 3σ confidence when combined with a next-generation baryon acoustic oscillation measurement, and make a lensing map of large-scale structure over the 80% of the sky available from its Chilean site. These goals require high sensitivity and the ability to extract the CMB signal from contaminating astrophysical foregrounds; these requirements are met by coupling the three high-throughput telescopes to novel multichroic lenslet-coupled pixels each measuring CMB photons in both linear polarization states over multiple spectral bands. We present the status of this instrument already under construction, and an analysis of its capabilities.
A scalable infrastructure model for carbon capture and storage: SimCCS
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Middleton, Richard S.; Bielicki, Jeffrey M.
2009-01-01
In the carbon capture and storage (CCS) process, CO 2 sources and geologic reservoirs may be widely spatially dispersed and need to be connected through a dedicated CO 2 pipeline network. We introduce a scalable infrastructure model for CCS (simCCS) that generates a fully integrated, cost-minimizing CCS system. SimCCS determines where and how much CO 2 to capture and store, and where to build and connect pipelines of different sizes, in order to minimize the combined annualized costs of sequestering a given amount of CO 2 . SimCCS is able to aggregate CO 2 flows between sources and reservoirs into trunk pipelines that take advantage of economies of scale. Pipeline construction costs take into account factors including topography and social impacts. SimCCS can be used to calculate the scale of CCS deployment (local, regional, national). SimCCS' deployment of a realistic, capacitated pipeline network is a major advancement for planning CCS infrastructure. We demonstrate simCCS using a set of 37 CO 2 sources and 14 reservoirs for California. The results highlight the importance of systematic planning for CCS infrastructure by examining the sensitivity of CCS infrastructure, as optimized by simCCS, to varying CO 2 targets. We finish by identifying critical future research areas for CCS infrastructure
Chini, Corryn E; Fisher, Gregory L; Johnson, Ben; Tamkun, Michael M; Kraft, Mary L
2018-02-26
Advances in three-dimensional secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) imaging have enabled visualizing the subcellular distributions of various lipid species within individual cells. However, the difficulty of locating organelles using SIMS limits efforts to study their lipid compositions. Here, the authors have assessed whether endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-Tracker Blue White DPX ® , which is a commercially available stain for visualizing the endoplasmic reticulum using fluorescence microscopy, produces distinctive ions that can be used to locate the endoplasmic reticulum using SIMS. Time-of-flight-SIMS tandem mass spectrometry (MS 2 ) imaging was used to identify positively and negatively charged ions produced by the ER-Tracker stain. Then, these ions were used to localize the stain and thus the endoplasmic reticulum, within individual human embryonic kidney cells that contained higher numbers of endoplasmic reticulum-plasma membrane junctions on their surfaces. By performing MS 2 imaging of selected ions in parallel with the precursor ion (MS 1 ) imaging, the authors detected a chemical interference native to the cell at the same nominal mass as the pentafluorophenyl fragment from the ER-Tracker stain. Nonetheless, the fluorine secondary ions produced by the ER-Tracker stain provided a distinctive signal that enabled locating the endoplasmic reticulum using SIMS. This simple strategy for visualizing the endoplasmic reticulum in individual cells using SIMS could be combined with existing SIMS methodologies for imaging intracellular lipid distribution and to study the lipid composition within the endoplasmic reticulum.
Functionality of novel black silicon based nanostructured surfaces studied by TOF SIMS
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Talian, Ivan; Aranyosiova, M.; Orinak, A.
2010-01-01
A functionality of the novel black silicon based nanostructured surfaces (BS 2) with different metal surface modifications was tested by time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF SIMS). Mainly two surface functions were studied: analytical signal enhancement and analyte pre-ionization e......A functionality of the novel black silicon based nanostructured surfaces (BS 2) with different metal surface modifications was tested by time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF SIMS). Mainly two surface functions were studied: analytical signal enhancement and analyte pre......-ionization effect in SIMS due to nanostructure type and the assistance of the noble metal surface coating (Ag or Au) for secondary ion formation. As a testing analyte a Rhodamine 6G was applied. Bi+ has been used as SIMS primary ions. It was found out that SIMS signal enhancement of the analyte significantly...... depends on Ag layer thickness and measured ion mode (negative, positive). The best SIMS signal enhancement was obtained at BS2 surface coated with 400 nm of Ag layer. SIMS fragmentation schemes were developed for a model analyte deposited onto a silver and gold surface. Significant differences in pre...
Investigation of the deuterium solubility in niobium using secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Zuechner, H.; Bruening, T.
1991-01-01
From SIMS measurements on deuterium charged niobium foils a pressure-composition isotherm was obtained. The plateau pressure of the α-β-two-phase region is in good agreement with that known from electrochemical p-n isotherm measurements. The solubility in the homogeneous α-phase measured by SIMS, however, is enhanced compared with the electrochemical p-n isotherm, i.e. the homogeneous α-phase is broadened. These results are due to the ion bombardment causing a lattice distortion within the near surface region during the SIMS experiment. (orig.)
NanoSIMS analysis of Bacillus spores for forensics
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Weber, P K; Davisson, M L; Velsko, S P
2010-02-23
The threat associated with the potential use of radiological, nuclear, chemical and biological materials in terrorist acts has resulted in new fields of forensic science requiring the application of state-of-the-science analytical techniques. Since the anthrax letter attacks in the United States in the fall of 2001, there has been increased interest in physical and chemical characterization of bacterial spores. While molecular methods are powerful tools for identifying genetic differences, other methods may be able to differentiate genetically identical samples based on physical and chemical properties, as well as provide complimentary information, such as methods of production and approximate date of production. Microanalysis has the potential to contribute significantly to microbial forensics. Bacillus spores are highly structured, consisting of a core, cortex, coat, and in some species, an exosporium. This structure provides a template for constraining elemental abundance differences at the nanometer scale. The primary controls on the distribution of major elements in spores are likely structural and physiological. For example, P and Ca are known to be abundant in the spore core because that is where P-rich nucleic acids and Cadipicolinic acid are located, respectively. Trace elements are known to bind to the spore coat but the controls on these elements are less well understood. Elemental distributions and abundances may be directly related to spore production, purification and stabilization methodologies, which are of particular interest for forensic investigation. To this end, we are developing a high-resolution secondary ion mass spectrometry method using a Cameca NanoSIMS 50 to study the distribution and abundance of trace elements in bacterial spores. In this presentation we will review and compare methods for preparing and analyzing samples, as well as review results on the distribution and abundance of elements in bacterial spores. We use NanoSIMS to
Review of Raffaele Simone and Francesca Masini: Word classes: Nature, typology and representations
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Shibuya, Yoshikata; Jensen, Kim Ebensgaard
2016-01-01
Review of Raffaele Simone and Francesca Masini (eds.). Word classes: Nature, typology and representations. Current Issues in Linguistic Theory [CILT] 332. Amsterdam/ Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2014, 293 + vii pp., ISBN: 1978-90-272-4851-0. Hardback and E-book 99.00 EUR / 149...
A flat Chern-Simons gauge theory for (2+1)-dimensional gravity coupled to point particles
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Grignani, G.; Nardelli, G.
1991-01-01
We present a classical ISO (2,1) Chern-Simons gauge theory for planar gravity coupled to point-like sources. The theory is defined in terms of flat coordinates whose relation with the space-time coordinates is established. Though flat, the theory is equivalent to Einstein's as we show explicitly in two examples. (orig.)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Chen Famin; Wu Yongshi
2010-01-01
We present a superspace formulation of the D=3, N=4, 5 superconformal Chern-Simons Matter theories, with matter supermultiplets valued in a symplectic 3-algebra. We first construct an N=1 superconformal action and then generalize a method used by Gaitto and Witten to enhance the supersymmetry from N=1 to N=5. By decomposing the N=5 supermultiplets and the symplectic 3-algebra properly and proposing a new superpotential term, we construct the N=4 superconformal Chern-Simons matter theories in terms of two sets of generators of a (quaternion) symplectic 3-algebra. The N=4 theories can also be derived by requiring that the supersymmetry transformations are closed on-shell. The relationship between the 3-algebras, Lie superalgebras, Lie algebras, and embedding tensors (proposed in [E. A. Bergshoeff, O. Hohm, D. Roest, H. Samtleben, and E. Sezgin, J. High Energy Phys. 09 (2008) 101.]) is also clarified. The general N=4, 5 superconformal Chern-Simons matter theories in terms of ordinary Lie algebras can be re-derived in our 3-algebra approach. All known N=4, 5 superconformal Chern-Simons matter theories can be recovered in the present superspace formulation for super-Lie algebra realization of symplectic 3-algebras.
Linearized fermion-gravitation system in a (2+1)-dimensional space-time with Chern-Simons data
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Mello, E.R.B. de.
1990-01-01
The fermion-graviton system at linearized level in a (2+1)-dimensional space-time with the gravitational Chern-Simons term is studied. In this approximation it is shown that this system presents anomalous rotational properties and spin, in analogy with the gauge field-matter system. (A.C.A.S.) [pt
Castro \\C
2003-01-01
Moyal noncommutative star-product deformations of higher dimensional gravitational Einstein-Hilbert actions via lower-dimensional SU(\\infty) gauge theories are constructed explicitly based on the holographic reduction principle. New reparametrization invariant p-brane actions and their Moyal star product deformations follows. It is conjectured that topological Chern-Simons brane actions associated with higher-dimensional "knots" have a one-to-one correspondence with topological Chern-Simons Matrix models in the large N limit. The corresponding large N limit of Topological BF Matrix models leads to Kalb-Ramond couplings of antisymmetric-tensor fields to p-branes. The former Chern-Simons branes display higher-spin W_\\infty symmetries which are very relevant in the study of W_\\infty Gravity, the Quantum Hall effect and its higher-dimensional generalizations. We conclude by arguing why this interplay between condensed matter models, higher-dimensional extensions of the Quantum Hall effect, Chern-Simons Matrix mod...
Influence of time pressure in a simple response task, a choice-by-location task, and the Simon task
van der Lubbe, Robert Henricus Johannes; Jaśkowski, Piotr; Wauschkuhn, Bernd; Verleger, Rolf
2001-01-01
Examined the influence of strategy for a simple response task, a choice-by-location task, and the Simon task by varying time pressure in 11 Ss (mean age 28 yrs). Besides reaction time (RT) and accuracy, we measured response force and derived two measures from the event-related EEG potential to form
Periodic electromagnetic vacuum in the two-dimensional Yang-Mills theory with the Chern-Simons mass
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Skalozub, V.V.; Vilensky, S.A.; Zaslavsky, A.Yu.
1993-06-01
The periodic vacuum structure formed from magnetic and electric fields is derived in the two-dimensional Yang-Mills theory with the Chern-Simons term. It is shown that both the magnetic flux quantization in the fundamental sell and conductivity quantization inherent to the vacuum. Hence, the quantum Hall effect gets its natural explanation. (author). 10 refs
Holdorff, Bernd
2016-01-01
Tonic neck reflexes were investigated by Rudolf Magnus and Adriaan de Kleijn in animals and men in 1912 and eventually by Arthur Simons, a neurologist in Berlin and coworker of Hermann Oppenheim. Simons studied these reflexes in hemiplegic patients, who were mainly victims of World War I. This work became his most important contribution and remained unsurpassed for many years. The film (Filmarchiv, Bundesarchiv [Film Archive, National Archive] Berlin) with Simons as an examiner shows 11 war casualties with brain lesions that occurred between 1916 and 1919. The injuries reveal asymmetric neck reflexes with "Mitbewegungen," that is, flexion or extension on the hemiplegic side. Mitbewegungen is identical with Francis Walshe's "associated reactions" caused by neck rotation and/or by cocontraction of the nonaffected extremities, for example, by closing of the fist (Walshe). The knowledge of the neck reflexes is important in acute neurology and in rehabilitation therapy of hemiplegics for antispastic positions. Simons' investigations were conducted in the early era of increasing use of cinematography in medical studies. The film had been nearly forgotten until its rediscovery in 2010.
O “CASO SIMONE ANDRÉ DINIZ” E A LUTA CONTRA O RACISMO ESTRUTURAL NO BRASIL
Lugon Arantes, Paulo de Tarso
2007-01-01
A discriminação racial no Brasil é um problema endêmico que permeia todas as suas instituições públicas e privadas. A decisão no caso Simone André Diniz, proferida pela Comissão Interamericana, representa um marco na luta contra a insensibilidade do judiciário às questões raciais no País. Este artigo tem o objetivo de traçar comentários à referida decisão, aportando as teorias do Direito Internacional dos Direitos Humanos, referente ao caso, para que se torne uma contribuição ao esclareciment...
Decir la belleza del mundo. Simone Weil y la responsabilidad de la literatura
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Emilia Bea
2015-10-01
Full Text Available En el presente trabajo se abordan diferentes dimensiones de la relación con la literatura de la filósofa francesa de origen judío Simone Weil (1909-1943. En un primer momento de la exposición se atiende a sus consideraciones sobre la responsabilidad de los escritores que, aunque recorren todo su itinerario, tienen como centro neurálgico su colaboración en la revista Cahiers du Sud durante el periodo de Marsella. Posteriormente, se incide en la presencia de la literatura en su obra, gracias a la influencia de su maestro Alain, quien le enseñó a pensar a través de la escritura. Por último, se hace una breve referencia a la tragedia inacabada,Venecia salvada y a sus poemas, aludiendo a su afinidad espiritual con el poeta de Carcassonne, Joë Bousquet.
Asymptotic conformal invariance in a non-Abelian Chern-Simons-matter model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Acebal, J.L. [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas (CBPF), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Coordenacao de Campos e Particulas]. E-mail: acebal@cbpf.br
2002-08-01
One shows here the existence of solutions to the Callan-Symanzik equation for the non-Abelian SU(2) Chern-Simons-matter model which exhibits asymptotic conformal invariance to every order in perturbative theory. The conformal symmetry in the classical domain is shown to hold by means of a local criteria based on the trace of the energy-momentum tensor. By using recently exhibited regimes for the dependence between the several couplings in which the set of {beta}-functions vanish, the asymptotic conformal invariance of the model appears to be valid in the quantum domain. By considering the SU (n) case the possible non validity of the proof for a particular {eta} would be merely accidental. (author)
Self-duality in Maxwell-Chern-Simons theories with non minimal coupling with matter field
Chandelier, F; Masson, T; Wallet, J C
2000-01-01
We consider a general class of non-local MCS models whose usual minimal coupling to a conserved current is supplemented with a (non-minimal) magnetic Pauli-type coupling. We find that the considered models exhibit a self-duality whenever the magnetic coupling constant reaches a special value: the partition function is invariant under a set of transformations among the parameter space (the duality transformations) while the original action and its dual counterpart have the same form. The duality transformations have a structure similar to the one underlying self-duality of the (2+1)-dimensional Z sub n - Abelian Higgs model with Chern-Simons and bare mass term.
Deformed N = 8 supergravity from IIA strings and its Chern-Simons duals
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Guarino, Adolfo [Nikhef Theory Group, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Jafferis, Daniel L. [Center for the Fundamental Laws of Nature, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA (United States); Varela, Oscar [Center for the Fundamental Laws of Nature, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA (United States); Centre de Physique Theorique, Ecole Polytechnique, CNRS UMR 7644, Palaiseau (France)
2016-04-15
Do electric/magnetic deformations of N = 8 supergravity enjoy a string/M-theory origin, or are they just a fourdimensional artefact? We address this question for the gauging of a group closely related to SO(8): its contraction ISO(7). We argue that the deformed ISO(7) supergravity arises from consistent truncation of massive IIA supergravity on S{sup 6}, and its electric/magnetic deformation parameter descends directly from the Romans mass. The critical points of the supergravity uplift to AdS{sub 4} massive type IIA vacua and the corresponding CFT{sub 3} duals are identified as super-Chern-Simons-matter theories with gauge group SU(N) and level k given also by the Romans mass. (copyright 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)
Poisson structure and symmetry in the Chern-Simons formulation of (2 + 1)-dimensional gravity
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Meusburger, C; Schroers, B J
2003-01-01
In the formulation of (2 + 1)-dimensional gravity as a Chern-Simons gauge theory, the phase space is the moduli space of flat Poincare group connections. Using the combinatorial approach developed by Fock and Rosly, we give an explicit description of the phase space and its Poisson structure for the general case of a genus g oriented surface with punctures representing particles and a boundary playing the role of spatial infinity. We give a physical interpretation and explain how the degrees of freedom associated with each handle and each particle can be decoupled. The symmetry group of the theory combines an action of the mapping class group with asymptotic Poincare transformations in a nontrivial fashion. We derive the conserved quantities associated with the latter and show that the mapping class group of the surface acts on the phase space via Poisson isomorphisms
Leslie Marmon Silko and Simon J. Ortiz: Pathways to the Tradition
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Dave Henderson
2011-10-01
Full Text Available Both Leslie Marmon Silko and Simon J. Ortiz have retold the story of a 1952 murder by two Pueblo brothers, a story that both writers first heard during their childhood years as it quickly became part of the local Native American traditional corpus. Both Silko and Ortiz are self-consciously indebted to the Native American storytelling tradition, particularly with respect to its malleability in the face of change, a fluidity that operates in tension with the preservation of certain fundamental religious and philosophical constants. Accordingly, Silko and Ortiz see their stories as providing pathways to the tradition, molding, reforming, and contributing to it without departing from it. Content, tone, style, and purpose are analyzed to reveal the variants in their redactions.
Study of Yang–Mills–Chern–Simons theory in presence of the Gribov horizon
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Canfora, Fabrizio; Gomez, Arturo; Sorella, Silvio Paolo; Vercauteren, David
2014-01-01
The two-point gauge correlation function in Yang–Mills–Chern–Simons theory in three dimensional Euclidean space is analysed by taking into account the non-perturbative effects of the Gribov horizon. In this way, we are able to describe the confinement and de-confinement regimes, which naturally depend on the topological mass and on the gauge coupling constant of the theory. -- Highlights: •We implement the Gribov quantization to the Topologically massive Yang–Mills theory. •We find a modified propagator at strong coupling by the Gribov horizon. •The gauge propagator depends on the topological mass and the coupling constant. •By studying the gauge propagator we describe the confined–deconfined regimes
Study of Yang–Mills–Chern–Simons theory in presence of the Gribov horizon
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Canfora, Fabrizio, E-mail: canfora@cecs.cl [Centro de Estudios Cientificos (CECs), Valdivia (Chile); Universidad Andres Bello, Av. Republica 440, Santiago (Chile); Gomez, Arturo, E-mail: arturo.gomez@proyectos.uai.cl [Departamento de Ciencias, Facultad de Artes Liberales y Facultad de Ingeniería y Ciencias, Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez, Viña del Mar. (Chile); Sorella, Silvio Paolo, E-mail: sorella@uerj.br [UERJ, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ), Instituto de Física Teórica, Rua São Francisco Xavier 524, 20550-013, Maracaná, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Vercauteren, David, E-mail: vercauteren.uerj@gmail.com [UERJ, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ), Instituto de Física Teórica, Rua São Francisco Xavier 524, 20550-013, Maracaná, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)
2014-06-15
The two-point gauge correlation function in Yang–Mills–Chern–Simons theory in three dimensional Euclidean space is analysed by taking into account the non-perturbative effects of the Gribov horizon. In this way, we are able to describe the confinement and de-confinement regimes, which naturally depend on the topological mass and on the gauge coupling constant of the theory. -- Highlights: •We implement the Gribov quantization to the Topologically massive Yang–Mills theory. •We find a modified propagator at strong coupling by the Gribov horizon. •The gauge propagator depends on the topological mass and the coupling constant. •By studying the gauge propagator we describe the confined–deconfined regimes.
Exact solution of Chern-Simons-matter matrix models with characteristic/orthogonal polynomials
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Tierz, Miguel
2016-01-01
We solve for finite N the matrix model of supersymmetric U(N) Chern-Simons theory coupled to N f fundamental and N f anti-fundamental chiral multiplets of R-charge 1/2 and of mass m, by identifying it with an average of inverse characteristic polynomials in a Stieltjes-Wigert ensemble. This requires the computation of the Cauchy transform of the Stieltjes-Wigert polynomials, which we carry out, finding a relationship with Mordell integrals, and hence with previous analytical results on the matrix model. The semiclassical limit of the model is expressed, for arbitrary N f , in terms of a single Hermite polynomial. This result also holds for more general matter content, involving matrix models with double-sine functions.
Remarks on the Taub-NUT solution in Chern–Simons modified gravity
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Brihaye, Yves, E-mail: yves.brihaye@umons.ac.be [Physique-Mathématique, Universite de Mons-Hainaut, Mons (Belgium); Radu, Eugen [Departamento de Física da Universidade de Aveiro and CIDMA, Campus de Santiago, 3810-183 Aveiro (Portugal)
2017-01-10
We discuss the generalization of the NUT spacetime in General Relativity (GR) within the framework of the (dynamical) Einstein–Chern–Simons (ECS) theory with a massless scalar field. These configurations approach asymptotically the NUT spacetime and are characterized by the ‘electric’ and ‘magnetic’ mass parameters and a scalar ‘charge’. The solutions are found both analytically and numerically. The analytical approach is perturbative around the Einstein gravity background. Our results indicate that the ECS configurations share all basic properties of the NUT spacetime in GR. However, when considering the solutions inside the event horizon, we find that in contrast to the GR case, the spacetime curvature grows (apparently) without bound.
Maxwell-Chern-Simons vortices in a CPT-odd Lorentz-violating Higgs electrodynamics
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Casana, R.; Ferreira, M.M.; Hora, E. da; Neves, A.B.F.
2014-01-01
We study BPS vortices in a CPT-odd and Lorentz-violating Maxwell-Chern-Simons-Higgs (MCSH) electrodynamics attained from the dimensional reduction of the Carroll-Field-Jackiw-Higgs model. The Lorentz-violating parameter induces a pronounced behavior at origin (for the magnetic/electric fields and energy density) which is absent in the MCSH vortices. For some combination of the Lorentz-violating coefficients there always exists a sufficiently large winding number n 0 such that for all vertical stroke n vertical stroke ≥ vertical stroke n 0 vertical stroke the magnetic field flips sign, yielding two well-defined regions with opposite magnetic flux. However, the total magnetic flux remains quantized and proportional to the winding number. (orig.)
Edith Stein y Simone de Beauvoir: filosofía, feminismo y experiencia vivida
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Georgina Aimé Tapia González
2009-01-01
Full Text Available Simone de Beauvoir es imprescindible para comprender el desarrollo de los estudios sobre las mujeres, Edith Stein, en cambio, es poco conocida en este ámbito. El presente trabajo se propone establecer un diálogo entre estas dos filósofas; ambas rechazaron el sexismo filosófico y devolvieron su capacidad crítica a la filosofía. La referencia a la “experiencia vivida” alude a la congruencia de sus propias vidas con su filosofía feminista: la autobiografía de Stein devela a una “madre sabia”, en tanto que la de Beauvoir anuncia el nacimiento de la “mujer libre”.
As várias faces de Simone: um encontro com os anseios humanos
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Bernardes, Saimon
2006-01-01
Full Text Available Em 2002, o filme S1m0ne, de Andrew Nicoll, trouxe à tona uma nova discussão. No filme, um diretor de cinema passa a utilizar uma atriz criada pelo computador chamada Simone e que, em pouco tempo, torna- se um mito para as pessoas do mundo inteiro. Na era em que digital, virtual, clonagem e fama tornaram- se assuntos comumente falados, o filme levanta diversas possibilidades para essa discussão. Diante disso, o objetivo deste artigo é realizar uma análise do filme S1m0ne focalizando, principalmente, os aspectos: representação, digital, simulacro, mito e imaginário
Chern-Simons theory and atypical Hall conductivity in the Varma phase
Menezes, Natália; Smith, Cristiane Morais; Palumbo, Giandomenico
2018-02-01
In this article, we analyze the topological response of a fermionic model defined on the Lieb lattice in the presence of an electromagnetic field. The tight-binding model is built in terms of three species of spinless fermions and supports a topological Varma phase due to the spontaneous breaking of time-reversal symmetry. In the low-energy regime, the emergent effective Hamiltonian coincides with the so-called Duffin-Kemmer-Petiau (DKP) Hamiltonian, which describes relativistic pseudospin-0 quasiparticles. By considering a minimal coupling between the DKP quasiparticles and an external Abelian gauge field, we first find the Landau-level spectrum by fixing the Landau gauge; then we compute the emergent Chern-Simons theory for a weak-electromagnetic-field regime. The corresponding Hall conductivity reveals an atypical quantum Hall effect, which can be simulated in an artificial Lieb lattice.
Large N non-perturbative effects in N=4 superconformal Chern-Simons theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hatsuda, Yasuyuki; Honda, Masazumi; Okuyama, Kazumi
2015-07-01
We investigate the large N instanton effects of partition functions in a class of N = 4 circular quiver Chern-Simons theories on a three-sphere. Our analysis is based on the supersymmetry localization and the Fermi-gas formalism. The resulting matrix model can be regarded as a two-parameter deformation of the ABJM matrix model, and has richer non-perturbative structures. Based on a systematic semi-classical analysis, we find analytic expressions of membrane instanton corrections. We also exactly compute the partition function for various cases and find some exact forms of worldsheet instanton corrections, which appear as quantum mechanical non-perturbative corrections in the Fermi-gas system.
Review and Analysis of Selected Items Management (SIM) Inventory Program Aboard US Surface Ships
National Research Council Canada - National Science Library
Axinto, Mark I; Giles, Michael S
2005-01-01
.... While SIM items constitute only a small portion of the ship's entire COSAL spare parts inventory, they are critical to the ship's material condition and to its preventive and corrective maintenance programs...
CystiSim - an agent-based model for Taenia solium transmission and control
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Braae, Uffe Christian; Devleesschauwer, Brecht; Gabriël, Sarah
2016-01-01
Taenia solium taeniosis/cysticercosis was declared eradicable by the International Task Force for Disease Eradication in 1993, but remains a neglected zoonosis. To assist in the attempt to regionally eliminate this parasite, we developed cystiSim, an agent-based model for T. solium transmission...... interventions in both hosts, mass drug administration to humans, and vaccination and treatment of pigs, have a high probability of success if coverage of 75% can be maintained over at least a four year period. In comparison with an existing mathematical model for T. solium transmission, cystiSim also includes...... and control. The model was developed in R and available as an R package (http://cran.r-project.org/package=cystiSim). cystiSim was adapted to an observed setting using field data from Tanzania, but adaptable to other settings if necessary. The model description adheres to the Overview, Design concepts...
Sim Track User's Manual (v 1.0)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Luo, Y.
2010-01-27
SimTrack is a simple c++ library designed for the numeric particle tracking in the high energy accelerators. It adopts the 4th order symplectic integrator for the optical transport in the magnetic elements. The 4-D and 6-D weak-strong beam-beam treatments are integrated in it for the beam-beam studies. SimTrack is written with c++ class and standard template library. It provides versatile functions to manage elements and lines. It supports a large range of types of elements. New type of element can be easily created in the library. SimTrack calculates Twiss, coupling and fits tunes, chromaticities and corrects closed orbits. AC dipole and AC multipole are available in this library. SimTrack allows change of element parameters during tracking.
Ion implanters contamination on wafer surface analyzed by ToF-SIMS and SPV analytical techniques
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ricciari, R.; Bertini, M.; Ferlito, E.P.; Pizzo, G.; Anastasi, G.; Mello, D.; Franco, G.
2007-01-01
In ULSI processes, metallic contamination controls are very important issues. For the ion implantation process it is known that several sources of contaminations still need to be controlled: metals from sputtering of the apertures or wafer holders, Na + contaminations from filament impurities and messy maintenance procedure. ToF-SIMS is one of the most promising candidates to perform in-line surface analysis due to its high sensitivity. It is very common to use surface photo-voltage (SPV) techniques to control ion implanter equipments but this kind of analysis is an indirect measure for metallic contamination. The aim of this work is to study the possibility to use ToF-SIMS instead of SPV for in line equipment contamination monitoring. For this reason a comparison between SPV and ToF-SIMS data occurred. Good correlation between the data is shown; moreover ToF-SIMS spectra give detailed information about the other contaminations present on the wafer surface
Chemical Visualization of Sweat Pores in Fingerprints Using GO-Enhanced TOF-SIMS.
Cai, Lesi; Xia, Meng-Chan; Wang, Zhaoying; Zhao, Ya-Bin; Li, Zhanping; Zhang, Sichun; Zhang, Xinrong
2017-08-15
Time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS) has been used in imaging of small molecules (SIMS was used to detect and image relatively high mass molecules such as poison, alkaloids (>600 Da) and controlled drugs, and antibiotics (>700 Da) in fingerprints. Detail features of fingerprints such as the number and distribution of sweat pores in a ridge and even the delicate morphology of one pore were clearly revealed in SIMS images of relatively high mass molecules. The detail features combining with identified chemical composition were sufficient to establish a human identity and link the suspect to a crime scene. The wide detectable mass range and high spatial resolution make GO-enhanced TOF-SIMS a promising tool in accurate and fast analysis of fingerprints, especially in fragmental fingerprint analysis.
Modeling of SOC-700 Hyperspectral Imagery with the CAMEO-SIM Code
National Research Council Canada - National Science Library
Evans, Roger
2007-01-01
The CAMEO-SIM software program provides a physics-based spectral radiance simulation over the complete range from UV to Far-IR, the only real limitation being one of obtaining the necessary input data...
Taking the Measure of the Universe: Precision Astrometry with SIM Planetquest (Preprint)
National Research Council Canada - National Science Library
Unwin, Stephen C; Shao, Michael; Tanner, Angelle M; Allen, Ronald J; Beichman, Charles A; Boboltz, David; Catanzarite, Joseph H; Chaboyer, Brian C; Ciardi, David R; Edberg, Stephen J
2006-01-01
... = 20, and differential accuracy of 0.6 microarchsecond on bright targets. The science topics are drawn primarily from the Team Key Projects, selected in 2000, for the Space Interferometry Mission PlanetQuest (SIM PlanetQuest...
Review and Analysis of Selected Items Management (SIM) Inventory Program Aboard US Surface Ships
National Research Council Canada - National Science Library
Axinto, Mark I; Giles, Michael S
2005-01-01
The purpose of this MBA project is to carry out an exploratory study and conduct an analysis to determine if there are any correlations between shipboard supply management practices/priorities and SIM...
A holistic approach to SIM platform and its application to early-warning satellite system
Sun, Fuyu; Zhou, Jianping; Xu, Zheyao
2018-01-01
This study proposes a new simulation platform named Simulation Integrated Management (SIM) for the analysis of parallel and distributed systems. The platform eases the process of designing and testing both applications and architectures. The main characteristics of SIM are flexibility, scalability, and expandability. To improve the efficiency of project development, new models of early-warning satellite system were designed based on the SIM platform. Finally, through a series of experiments, the correctness of SIM platform and the aforementioned early-warning satellite models was validated, and the systematical analyses for the orbital determination precision of the ballistic missile during its entire flight process were presented, as well as the deviation of the launch/landing point. Furthermore, the causes of deviation and prevention methods will be fully explained. The simulation platform and the models will lay the foundations for further validations of autonomy technology in space attack-defense architecture research.
Performance of BICM-based QAM-SIM OWC over gamma-gamma turbulence channels
Malik, Muhammad Talha; Hossain, Md Jahangir; Cheng, Julian; Alouini, Mohamed-Slim
2015-01-01
We derive a series expression for the pair-wise error probability (PEP) of bit interleaved coded modulation (BICM)-based subcarrier intensity modulation (SIM) optical wireless communication (OWC) system employing M^{2}-ary quadrature amplitude
LandSIM3D: modellazione in real time 3D di dati geografici
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Lambo Srl Lambo Srl
2009-03-01
Full Text Available LandSIM3D: realtime 3D modelling of geographic data LandSIM3D allows to model in 3D an existing landscape in a few hours only and geo-referenced offering great landscape analysis and understanding tools. 3D projects can then be inserted into the existing landscape with ease and precision. The project alternatives and impact can then be visualized and studied into their immediate environmental. The complex evolution of the landscape in the future can also be simulated and the landscape model can be manipulated interactively and better shared with colleagues. For that reason, LandSIM3D is different from traditional 3D imagery solutions, normally reserved for computer graphics experts. For more information about LandSIM3D, go to www.landsim3d.com.
QuakeSim: Multi-Source Synergistic Data Intensive Computing for Earth Science
National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Update QuakeSim services to integrate and rapidly fuse data from multiple sources to support comprehensive efforts in data mining, analysis, simulation, and...
A profusion of 1/2 BPS Wilson loops in N=4 Chern-Simons-matter theories
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Cooke, Michael; Drukker, Nadav; Trancanelli, Diego
2015-01-01
We initiate the study of 1/2 BPS Wilson loops in N=4 Chern-Simons-matter theories in three dimensions. We consider a circular or linear quiver with Chern-Simons levels k, −k and 0, and focus on loops preserving one of the two SU(2) subgroups of the R-symmetry. In the cases with no vanishing Chern-Simons levels, we find a pair of Wilson loops for each pair of adjacent nodes on the quiver connected by a hypermultiplet (nodes connected by twisted hypermultiplets have Wilson loops preserving another set of supercharges). We expect this classical pairwise degeneracy to be lifted by quantum corrections. In the case with nodes with vanishing Chern-Simons terms connected by twisted hypermultiplets, we find that the usual 1/4 BPS Wilson loops are automatically enlarged to 1/2 BPS, as happens also in 3-dimensional Yang-Mills theory. When the nodes with vanishing Chern-Simons levels are connected by untwisted hypermultiplets, we do not find any Wilson loops coupling to those nodes which are classically invariant. Rather, we find several loops whose supersymmetry variation, while non zero, vanishes in any correlation function, so is weakly zero. We expect only one linear combination of those Wilson loops to remain BPS when quantum corrections are included. We analyze the M-theory duals of those Wilson loops and comment on their degeneracy. We also show that these Wilson loops are cohomologically equivalent to certain 1/4 BPS Wilson loops whose expectation value can be evaluated by the appropriate localized matrix model.
The self in conflict: Actors and agency in the mediated sequential Simon Task
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Michiel M. Spapé
2015-03-01
Full Text Available Executive control refers to the ability to withstand interference in order to achieve task goals. The effect of conflict adaptation describes that after experiencing interference, subsequent conflict effects are weaker. However, changes in the source of conflict have been found to disrupt conflict adaptation. Previous studies indicated that this specificity is determined by the degree to which one source causes episodic retrieval of a previous source. A virtual reality version of the Simon task was employed to investigate whether changes in a visual representation of the self would similarly affect conflict adaptation. Participants engaged in a mediated Simon task via 3D avatar models that either mirrored the participants’ movements, or were presented statically. A retrieval cue was implemented as the identity of the avatar: switching it from a male to a female avatar was expected to disrupt the conflict adaptation effect. The results show that only in static conditions did the conflict adaptation effect depend on the avatar identity, while in dynamic conditions, changes did not cause disruption. We also explored the effect of conflict and adaptation on the degree of movement made with the task-irrelevant hand and replicated the reaction time pattern. The findings add to earlier studies of source-specific conflict adaptation by showing that a visual representation of the self in action can provide a cue that determines episodic retrieval. Furthermore, the novel paradigm is made openly available to the scientific community and is described in its significance for studies of social cognition, cognitive psychology and human-computer interaction.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Anna eStenzel
2014-08-01
Full Text Available A co-actor’s intentionality has been suggested to be a key modulating factor for joint action effects like the joint Simon effect (JSE. However, in previous studies intentionality has often been confounded with agency defined as perceiving the initiator of an action as being the causal source of the action. The aim of the present study was to disentangle the role of agency and intentionality as modulating factors of the JSE. In Experiment 1, participants performed a joint go/nogo Simon task next to a co-actor who either intentionally controlled a response button with own finger movements (agency+/intentionality+ or who passively placed the hand on a response button that moved up and down on its own as triggered by computer signals (agency-/intentionality-. In Experiment 2, we included a condition in which participants believed that the co-actor intentionally controlled the response button with a Brain-Computer Interface while placing the response finger clearly besides the response button, so that the causal relationship between agent and action effect was perceptually disrupted (agency-/intentionality+. As a control condition, the response button was computer controlled while the co-actor placed the response finger besides the response button (agency-/intentionality-. We observed a JSE when the co-actor responded intentionally and the causal relationship between co-actor and action effect could be perceived, but not when the co-actor did not respond intentionally and the causal relationship was disrupted (Experiment 1. When the intentionality of the co-actor was maintained but the perception of the causal relationship between co-actor and action effect destroyed, the JSE was absent (Experiment 2. Our findings clearly indicate a vital role of a co-actor’s agency for the JSE and suggest that the ascription of agency is strongly perceptually grounded.
Chern-Simons, Wess-Zumino and other cocycles from Kashiwara-Vergne and associators
Alekseev, Anton; Naef, Florian; Xu, Xiaomeng; Zhu, Chenchang
2018-03-01
Descent equations play an important role in the theory of characteristic classes and find applications in theoretical physics, e.g., in the Chern-Simons field theory and in the theory of anomalies. The second Chern class (the first Pontrjagin class) is defined as p= where F is the curvature 2-form and is an invariant scalar product on the corresponding Lie algebra g. The descent for p gives rise to an element ω =ω _3+ω _2+ω _1+ω _0 of mixed degree. The 3-form part ω _3 is the Chern-Simons form. The 2-form part ω _2 is known as the Wess-Zumino action in physics. The 1-form component ω _1 is related to the canonical central extension of the loop group LG. In this paper, we give a new interpretation of the low degree components ω _1 and ω _0. Our main tool is the universal differential calculus on free Lie algebras due to Kontsevich. We establish a correspondence between solutions of the first Kashiwara-Vergne equation in Lie theory and universal solutions of the descent equation for the second Chern class p. In more detail, we define a 1-cocycle C which maps automorphisms of the free Lie algebra to one forms. A solution of the Kashiwara-Vergne equation F is mapped to ω _1=C(F). Furthermore, the component ω _0 is related to the associator Φ corresponding to F. It is surprising that while F and Φ satisfy the highly nonlinear twist and pentagon equations, the elements ω _1 and ω _0 solve the linear descent equation.
Aisenberg, D; Sapir, A; Close, A; Henik, A; d'Avossa, G
2018-01-31
Participants are slower to report a feature, such as color, when the target appears on the side opposite the instructed response, than when the target appears on the same side. This finding suggests that target location, even when task-irrelevant, interferes with response selection. This effect is magnified in older adults. Lengthening the inter-trial interval, however, suffices to normalize the congruency effect in older adults, by re-establishing young-like sequential effects (Aisenberg et al., 2014). We examined the neurological correlates of age related changes by comparing BOLD signals in young and old participants performing a visual version of the Simon task. Participants reported the color of a peripheral target, by a left or right-hand keypress. Generally, BOLD responses were greater following incongruent than congruent targets. Also, they were delayed and of smaller amplitude in old than young participants. BOLD responses in visual and motor regions were also affected by the congruency of the previous target, suggesting that sequential effects may reflect remapping of stimulus location onto the hand used to make a response. Crucially, young participants showed larger BOLD responses in right anterior cerebellum to incongruent targets, when the previous target was congruent, but smaller BOLD responses to incongruent targets when the previous target was incongruent. Old participants, however, showed larger BOLD responses to congruent than incongruent targets, irrespective of the previous target congruency. We conclude that aging may interfere with the trial by trial updating of the mapping between the task-irrelevant target location and response, which takes place during the inter-trial interval in the cerebellum and underlays sequential effects in a Simon task. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Bowen, B.B.; Ochoa, R.I.; Wilkens, N.D.; Brophy, J.; Lovell, T.R.; Fischietto, N.; Medina, C.R.; Rupp, J.A.
2011-01-01
The Cambrian Mount Simon Sandstone is the major target reservoir for ongoing geologic carbon dioxide (CO2) sequestration demonstrations throughout the midwest United States. The potential CO2 reservoir capacity, reactivity, and ultimate fate of injected CO2 depend on textural and compositional properties determined by depositional and diagenetic histories that vary vertically and laterally across the formation. Effective and efficient prediction and use of the available pore space requires detailed knowledge of the depositional and diagenetic textures and mineralogy, how these variables control the petrophysical character of the reservoir, and how they vary spatially. Here, we summarize the reservoir characteristics of the Mount Simon Sandstone based on examination of geophysical logs, cores, cuttings, and analysis of more than 150 thin sections. These samples represent different parts of the formation and depth ranges of more than 9000 ft (>2743 m) across the Illinois Basin and surrounding areas. This work demonstrates that overall reservoir quality and, specifically, porosity do not exhibit a simple relationship with depth, but vary both laterally and with depth because of changes in the primary depositional facies, framework composition (i.e., feldspar concentration), and diverse diagenetic modifications. Diagenetic processes that have been significant in modifying the reservoir include formation of iron oxide grain coatings, chemical compaction, feldspar precipitation and dissolution, multiple generations of quartz overgrowth cementation, clay mineral precipitation, and iron oxide cementation. These variables provide important inputs for calculating CO2 capacity potential, modeling reactivity, and are also an important baseline for comparisons after CO2 injection. Copyright ??2011. The American Association of Petroleum Geologists/Division of Environmental Geosciences. All rights reserved.
Phase 1 Validation Testing and Simulation for the WEC-Sim Open Source Code
Ruehl, K.; Michelen, C.; Gunawan, B.; Bosma, B.; Simmons, A.; Lomonaco, P.
2015-12-01
WEC-Sim is an open source code to model wave energy converters performance in operational waves, developed by Sandia and NREL and funded by the US DOE. The code is a time-domain modeling tool developed in MATLAB/SIMULINK using the multibody dynamics solver SimMechanics, and solves the WEC's governing equations of motion using the Cummins time-domain impulse response formulation in 6 degrees of freedom. The WEC-Sim code has undergone verification through code-to-code comparisons; however validation of the code has been limited to publicly available experimental data sets. While these data sets provide preliminary code validation, the experimental tests were not explicitly designed for code validation, and as a result are limited in their ability to validate the full functionality of the WEC-Sim code. Therefore, dedicated physical model tests for WEC-Sim validation have been performed. This presentation provides an overview of the WEC-Sim validation experimental wave tank tests performed at the Oregon State University's Directional Wave Basin at Hinsdale Wave Research Laboratory. Phase 1 of experimental testing was focused on device characterization and completed in Fall 2015. Phase 2 is focused on WEC performance and scheduled for Winter 2015/2016. These experimental tests were designed explicitly to validate the performance of WEC-Sim code, and its new feature additions. Upon completion, the WEC-Sim validation data set will be made publicly available to the wave energy community. For the physical model test, a controllable model of a floating wave energy converter has been designed and constructed. The instrumentation includes state-of-the-art devices to measure pressure fields, motions in 6 DOF, multi-axial load cells, torque transducers, position transducers, and encoders. The model also incorporates a fully programmable Power-Take-Off system which can be used to generate or absorb wave energy. Numerical simulations of the experiments using WEC-Sim will be
SIMS analysis of isotopic impurities in ion implants
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sykes, D.E.; Blunt, R.T.
1986-01-01
The n-type dopant species Si and Se used for ion implantation in GaAs are multi-isotopic with the most abundant isotope not chosen because of potential interferences with residual gases. SIMS analysis of a range of 29 Si implants produced by several designs of ion implanter all showed significant 28 Si impurity with a different depth distribution from that of the deliberately implanted 29 Si isotope. This effect was observed to varying degrees with all fifteen implanters examined and in every 29 Si implant analysed to date 29 Si + , 29 Si ++ and 30 Si implants all show the same effect. In the case of Se implantation, poor mass resolution results in the implantation of all isotopes with the same implant distribution (i.e. energy), whilst implants carried out with good mass resolution show the implantation of all isotopes with the characteristic lower depth distribution of the impurity isotopes as found in the Si implants. This effect has also been observed in p-type implants into GaAs (Mg) and for Ga implanted in Si. A tentative explanation of the effect is proposed. (author)
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Jennie Brand Barajas
2003-01-01
Full Text Available La presente investigación es un estudio de caso sobre la identidad institucional de los docentes de la Universidad Simón Bolívar (USB desde la filosofía, ideario y misión, los cuales la definen como una institución de educación superior privada católica con carisma franciscano. La pregunta central es: ¿cómo se ha identificado el docente con la USB? Los propósitos parten de un análisis de los documentos de la universidad para explicitar la identidad y, a partir de ello, conocer el perfil del docente para explorar cómo se relaciona con la institución. Se tiene como supuesto que la falta de una definición explícita de la identidad institucional por parte de la USB obstaculiza la identificación del docente. El andamiaje teórico se basa en la construcción y reconstrucción colectiva de la identidad institucional.
Hydrological modeling of the Simly Dam watershed (Pakistan) using GIS and SWAT model
Shimaa M. Ghoraba
2015-01-01
Modern mathematical models have been developed for studying the complex hydrological processes of a watershed and their direct relation to weather, topography, geology and land use. In this study the hydrology of Simly Dam watershed located in Saon River basin at the north-east of Islamabad is modeled, using the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT). It aims to simulate the stream flow, establish the water balance and estimate the monthly volume inflow to Simly Dam in order to help the manage...